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MPS; 7.8.25; 2500. 


ON FEBRUARY 1. 1925. 

LOUIS E. KIRSTEIN. President. 

Term expires April 30, 1929. 


Term expires April 30, 1925. Term expires April 30, 1927. 


Term expires April 30, 1926. Term expires April 30, 1928. 



The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, organized 
in 1852, are now incorporated under the provisions of Chapter 1 14, of the 
Acts of 1878, as amended. The Board for 1852 was a preliminary or- 
ganization; that for 1853 made its first annual report. At first the Board 
consisted of one alderman and one common-councilman and five citizens at 
large, until 1 867, when a revised ordinance made it consist of one alder- 
man, two common-councilmen and six citizens at large, two of whom retired, 
unless re-elected, each year, while the members from the City Council were 
elected yearly. In 1878 the organization of the Board was changed to 
include one alderman, one councilman, and five citizens at large, as before 
1867; and in 1885, by the provisions of the amended city charter, the 
representation of the City Government upon the Board by an alderman and 
a councilman was abolished, leaving the Board as at present, consisting of 
five citizens at large, appointed by the Mayor, for five-year terms, the term 
of one member expiring each year. The following citizens at large have 
been members of the Board since its organization in 1852: 

Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, a.m., 1879-95. 

Appleton, Thomas Gold, a.m., 1852-56. 

Benton, Josiah Henry, ll.d., 1894-1917. 

Bigelow, John Prescott, a.m., 1852-68. 

Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll, m.d., 1865-67. 

Bowditch, Henry Pickering, m.d., 1894-1902. 

Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902-12. 

Braman, Jarvis Dwight, 1869-72. 

Brett, John Andrew, ll.b., 1912-16 

Carr. Samuel, 1895-96, 1908-22. 

Chase, George Bigelow, a.m., 1876-85. 

Clarke, James Freeman, d.d., 1879-88. 

CoAKLEY, Daniel Henry, 1917-19. 

Connolly, Arthur Theodore, 1916- 

Currier, Guy Wilbur, 1922- 

CuRTis, Daniel Sargent, a.m., 1873-75. 

De Normandie, James, d.d., 1895-1908. 

Dwight, Thomas, m.d., 1899-1908. 

Everett, Edward, ll.d., 1852-64. 

Frothingham, Richard, ll.d., 1875-79. 

Gaston, William Alexander.ll.b., 1923- 

Green, Samuel Abbott, m.d., 1868-78. 

Greenough, William Whitwell, 1856-88. 

Haynes, Henry Williamson, a.m., 1880-94. 

Hilliard, George Stillman, ll.d., 1872-75; 76-77. 

Kenney, William Francis, a.m., 1908-21. 

KiRSTEiN, Louis Edward, 1919- 

Lewis, Weston, 1868-79. 

Lewis, Winslow, m.d., 1867. 

Lincoln, Solomon, a.m., 1897-1907. 

Mann, Alexander, d.d., 1908-23. 

Morton, Ellis Wesley, 1870-73. 

Murray, Michael Joseph, ll.b., 1921- 

PiERCE, Phineas, 1888-94. 

Prince, Frederick Octavius, a.m., 1888-99. 

Putnam, George, d.d., 1868-77. 

Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95. 

Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, ll.d., 1852-68. 

Thomas, Benjamin, Franklin, ll.d., 1877-78. 

TicKNOR, George, ll.d., 1852-66. 

Walker, Francis Amasa, ll.d., 1 896. 

Whipple, Edwin Percy, a.m., 1867-70. 

Whitmore, William Henry, a.m., 1885-88. 

WiNsoR, Justin, ll.d., 1867-68. 
The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board from 1852 
to 1864; George Ticknor, in 1865; William W. Greenough, 
from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof. Henry W. Haynes, from May 7, 
1888, to May 12, 1888; Samuel A. B. Abbott, May 12, 1888, to 
April 30, 1895; Hon. F. O. Prince, October 8, 1895. to May 8, 
1899; Solomon Lincoln, May 12, 1899, to October 15, 1907; 
Rev. James De Normandie, January 31, 1908, to May 8, 1908; 
JosiAH H. Benton, May 8, 1908, to February 6, 1917; William F. 

Kenney, February 13, 1917, to May 7, 1920; Rev. ALEXANDER 

Mann, May 7, 1920, to January 22, 1923; MsGR. Arthur T. 
Connolly, April 13, 1923, tp June 13, 1924; Louis E. Kirstein. 
since June 1 3, 1924. 


(From 1858 to 1877, the chief executive officer was called Superintendent; since 1923, Director.) 

CapEN, Edward, Librarian, May 13, 1852 - December 16, 1874. 

JeWETT, Charles C, Superintendent, 1858- January 9, 1868. 

WiNSOR, Justin, ll.d., Superintendent, February 25, 1 868 - Septem- 
ber 30, 1877. 

Green, Samuel A., m.d.. Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 1877- 
September 30, 1 878. 

Chamberlain, Mellen, ll.d.. Librarian, October 1, 1878 -Septem- 
ber 30, 1890. 

DwiGHT, Theodore F., Librarian, April 13, 1892 -April 30, 1894. 

Putnam, Herbert, ll.d.. Librarian, February 1 1, 1895 -April 30, 

Whitney, James L., a.m.. Acting Librarian, March 31, 1899 -De- 
cember 21, 1899; Librarian, December 22, 1 899 — January 31, 

WadliN, Horace G., LITT.D., Librarian, February 1, 1903 -March 
15, 1917; Acting Librarian, March 15, 191 7 -June 15, 1917. 

Belden, Charles F. D., ll.b.. Director, since March 15, 1917. 


tCentral Library, Copley Square . 
tEasl Boston Branch, 276-282 Meridian St. . 
§Soufh Boston Branch, 372 Broadway . 
llFellowes Athenaeum Branch, 46 Millmont St. 
tCharlestown Branch, Monument Square 
tBrighton Branch, Academy Hill Road 
JDorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St. 
JLower Mills Branch, Washington, cor. Richmond St. 
:tSouth End Branch, Shawmut Ave. and West Brookline St. 
tjamaica Plain Branch, Sedgwick, cor. South St. . 
JRoslindale Branch, Washington, cor. Ashland St. 
tWest Roxbury Branch, Centre, near Mt. Vernon St. 
§Mattapan Branch, 7 Babson St. . 
tNorth End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. . 
§NeJJonset Branch, 362 Neponsel Ave. . 
§Mt. Bowdoin Branch, Washington, cor. Eldon St. 
§AlIston Branch. 138 Brighton Ave. 
JCodman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St. 
JMt. Pleasant Branch, Vine, cor. Dudley St. 
JTyler Street Branch, Tyler, cor. Oak St. . 
tWest End Branch, Cambridge, cor. Lynde St. 
JUphams Corner Branch, Columbia Rd., cor. Bird St. 
§Warren Street Branch, 392 Warren St. 
§Roxbury Crossing Branch, 208 Ruggles St. , 
§Boylston Station Branch, The Lamartine, Depot Square 
§Orient Heights Branch, 1030 Bennington St. 
JCity Point Branch, Municipal Bldg., Broadway 
§Parker Hill Branch, 1518 Tremont St. . 
fHyde Park Branch, Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. 
tFaneuil Branch, 100 Brooks St. . 
§Andrew Square Branch, 396 Dorchester St. 
§Jeffries Point Branch, 195 Webster St. 


May 2, 1854 

Jan. 28. 1871 

May 1, 1872 

July 16, 1873 

Jan. 5, 1874 

Jan. 5. 1874 

Jan. 25, 1875 

♦June 7. 1875 

Aug.. 1877 

*Dec. 3 


♦Jan. 1 

♦Nov. 1 
♦Mar. 11 
♦Nov. 12 
♦Apr. 29 

♦Nov. I 
♦June 25 
♦July 18 
♦July 15 

Jan. 1 
♦Mar. 4 
♦Mar. 5 
♦Oct. 15 


^ In the case of the Central Library and some of the branches the opening was in a 
different location from that now occupied. ♦ As a deliv<iry station. t I" building 
owned by City, and exclusively devoted to library uses. J In City building, in part 
devoted to other municipal uses. § Occupies rented rooms. || The lessee of the Fel- 
lowes Athenaeum, a private library association. 


Report of the Trustees 1 

Balance Sheet 18 

Report of the Examining Committee 22 

Report of the Director 30 

Appendix to the Report of the Director 62 

Index TO THE Annual Report 1924-1925 .... 89 

Central Library: The Court at Night .... Frontispiece 
Map of the Library System At the end 

To His Honor James M. Curley, 
Mayor of the Cit\) of Boston. 

The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston 
present the following reports of its condition and affairs for the 
year ending January 31, 1925, being the seventy-third annual 


Mr. Louis E. Kirstein, whose term as a Trustee expired on 
April 30, 1924, was re-appointed for a term ending April 30, 
1 929. The Board organized at the annual meeting on June 1 3, 
1924, by the election of Mr. Louis E. Kirstein as President, 
Judge Michael J. Murray, Vice-President, and Miss Delia 
Jean Deery, Clerk. 


The receipts which may be expended by the Trustees for the 
maintenance of the Library consist of the annual appropriation 
by the Mayor and City Council, and the income from Trust 
Funds given to the institution and invested by the City Treasurer. 
During the past year these receipts were : 

Annual appropriation .......... $828,567.00 

Special appropriation (Annex balance) ...... 1 5,803.50 

Income from Trust Funds ......... 24,852.54 

Unexpended balance of Trust Funds income of previous year . . 46,615.09 


Receipts which are accounted for and paid into the City 
Treasury for general municipal purposes, during the past year 
have been as follows : 

From fines .... 


From sales of catalogues, etc. 


From commissions on telephone 



From sale of waste paper . 


From payments for lost books 


Interest on bank deposits . 


Total .... 




The estimates for the maintenance of the Library for the year 
ending December 31,1 925 ( 1 1 months) in segregated budget 
form, are as follows : 

A — Personal service ......... 

B — Service other than personal ....... 

C — Equipment .......... 

D — Supplies .......... 

. $609,497.00 



31,328 00 

E — Materials 

F — Special items 



Total . 

. $895,524.00 

During the year there have been added to the Central Library 
and branches 80,855 volumes as against 75,534 in 1923. Of 
these 66,483 were acquired by purchase and 1 3,362 by gift, 
exchanges, etc. The total expenditure for books, periodicals, 
newspapers, and other library material from City appropriation 
and Trust Funds income, was $123,930.56. The total number 
of volumes in the Central Library and branches is 1 ,388,896. 


The total number of books issued for home use during the 
year was 3,132,194, as against 2,922,861 in 1923. 

This year was the first in the history of the institution when the 
three million mark in home circulation has been exceeded. As 
the Director has pointed out, the number would soon be doubled 
if there were more books, more branches and the required service 
to meet the fast-growing demands made on the Library Depart- 


The Trustees are glad to report two important bequests during 
the year 1924: on August 8, a check for $10,000 from the 
estate of David P. Kimball, funded as the "David P. Kimball 
Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books, in ac- 


cordance with the terms of the bequest; and on November 28, a 
check for $5,000 from the estate of Isabella Stewart Gardner, 
funded as the "Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund," the income to 
be applied to the purchase of material for the Allen A. Brown 
Music Library as a memorial to B. J. Lang, in accordance with 
the terms of the bequest. 

In March the Trustees accepted, subject to the approval of 
the Art Commission, a bronze memorial tablet to those members 
of the Library staff who served in the late war, presented through 
the Boston Public Library Employees' Benefit Association, by 
the employees of the Library. The tablet was placed in position 
in the court of the Library building and unveiled with appro- 
priate ceremonies on November 11,1 924. 

Many important gifts of books and other library material 
have been received during the year. A detailed statement of 
these will be found in the Director's report. 


The Trustees welcome bequests of money, and hope that gen- 
erous testators may remember the Library. It is from such 
sources only that they can make purchases of rare works, which 
give value and rank to a great educational institution, but for 
which they hesitate to expend public funds appropriated for more 
popular and pressing use. 

As a matter of interest to the public, the Board has pleasure in 
hsting herewith the present trust funds of the Library, with ex- 
planatory notes. 

Artz Fund. — Donation from MiSS ViCTORINE Thomas Artz, of Chi- 
cago; the income of this sum to be employed in the purchase of 
valuable, rare editions of the writings, either in verse or prose, of 
American and foreign authors. These books are to be known as the 
"Longfellow Memorial Collection." Received in I 896. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $10,000.00 

Bates Fund — Donation made bv JosHUA Bates, of London, in March, 

"The income only of this fund is to be each and every year expended 
in the purchase of such books of permanent value and authority as 


may be found most needful and most useful." Payable to the 

Mayor of the city for the time being. 

Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $50,000.00 

Bigelow Fund — Donation made by JOHN P. BiGELOW in August, 
1 850, when Mayor of the city. 

The income from this fund is to appropriated for the purchase of 
books for the increase of the library. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $1,000.00 

Robert Charles Bilhngs Fund — Bequest of RoBERT ChaRLES BiL- 

"The sum to constitute a permanent fund for said library, to be 
called the Robert Charles Billing Fund, the income only to be used 
for the purposes of the purchase of books for said library." Re- 
ceived in 1903. 
Invested in City of Boston Three and one-half per 

cent Bonds $100,000.00 

Bowditch Fund — Bequest of J. Ingersoll BowdiTCH. Received in 

The whole income in each and every year to be expended in the 
purchase of books of permanent value and authority in mathematics 
and astronomy. 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one-quarter 

per cent Bond $10,000.00 

Bradlee Fund — Bequest of the Rev. Caleb Davis BrADLEE to the 
Boston Public Library. Received in 1897. 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one-half per 

cent Bond $1,000.00 

Joseph H. Center Fund — Bequest of JosEPH H. CENTER, the income 
thereof to be at all times applied to the purchase of books and other 
additions to the library. Received in 1905. 
Invested in 

City of Boston Four per cent Bond . . . . $1,000.00 

City of Boston Three and one half per cent Bonds 38,500.00 

Cash in City Treasury, January 31, 1924 . . 43.14 


Children's Fund — Bequest of JosiAH H. Benton of $100,000, to be 
held as "The Children's Fund," and the income applied to the pur- 
chase of books for the use of the young, to be applied for those pur- 
poses only in years when the city appropriates for the maintenance 
of the Boston Public Library at least three p>er cent of the amount 
available for department expenses from taxes and income in said city. 


In any year when the city does not thus appropriate at least three per 
cent of the amount available for department expenses from taxes and 
income in said City, the income given in said will for the purchase 
of books shall be paid to the Rector of Trinity Church in the City 
of Boston to be by him dispensed in relieving the necessities of the 

Invested in 

City of Boston Four and one-quarter per cent Bond $1 5,000.00 
City of Boston Four per cent Bond .... 62,000.00 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts Three and one- 
half per cent Bond 20,000.00 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Four per cent 

Bond 6,000.00 

Cash, January 31, 1924 117.74 


Clement Fund — Bequest of the late Frank CleMENT, of Newton, to 
be known as the "Frank Clement Fund," the income to be applied 
to the purchase of books. Received in 1915. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $2,000.00 

Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund — This is a contribution from 
the friends of Henry SaRGENT CodMAN, to be used to perpetuate 
the memory of Mr. Codman by the purchase of books upon land- 
scape gardening. 

It is the desire of the subscribers that a special book plate shall be 
inserted in each one of the volumes purchased, identifying it as part 
of their memorial collection. Received in 1 898. 
Invested in City of Boston Three and one half per 

cent Bond $2,800.00 

Cash in Treasury, January 31, 1924 . . . 54.41 


Cutter Fund — Bequest of AbRAM E. Cutter of four thousand dol- 
lars and his library of books, the income of the fund to be expended 
for the purchase of books, and for binding. Received in 1901. 
Invested in 

City of Boston Three per cent Bond . . . $4,000.00 

City of Boston Four and one half per cent Bond 1 00.00 

Cash in Treasury, January 31. 1924 . . . 40.00 


Elizabeth Fund — Bequest of SaRAH A. MatcHETT, late of Brookline. 

who died October 6, 1910, the object of which is stated in the fol- 


lowing extract from her will : 

"I give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Public Library of the 
City of Boston, twenty-five thousand dollars, to be called the Eliza- 
beth fund, to be received, held and securely invested, and only the 
net income therefrom expanded every year in the purchase of such 
books of permanent value and authority as may be most useful in 
said Library." 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $25,000.00 

Daniel Sharp Ford Fund — A bequest of DaNIEL SharP FoRD to the 
Public Library of the City of Boston. Received in 1900. 
Invested in City of Boston Three per cent Bond . $6,000.00 

Franklin Club Fund — Donation made in June, 1 863, by a literary asso- 
ciation of young men in Boston, who, at the dissolution of the asso- 
ciation, authorized its trustees, Thomas Minns, John J. French and 
J. Franklin Reed, to dispose of the funds on hand in such manner 
as to them should seem judicious. They elected to bestow it on the 
Public Library, attaching to it the following conditions: "In trust, 
that the income, but the income only, shall, from year by year, be 
expended in the purchase of books of permanent value, for the use of 
the free Public Library of the city, and as far as practicable of such 
a character as to be of special interest to young men." The trustees 
expressed a preference for books relative to government and political 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one quarter 

per cent Bond $1,000.00 

Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund — Bequest of ISABELLA StEWART 


"To the Trustees of the Boston Public Library, for the Brown 
Musical Library, for a memorial to B. J. Lang." Received in 


Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . $5,000.00 

Green Fund — Donations of Dr. Samuel A. Green of $2,000, the 
income of which is to be expended for the purchase of books relating 
to American history. Received in 1 878 and 1 884. 
Invested in 

City of Boston Five per cent Bond .... $ 500.00 

City of Boston Four per cent Bond .... 1,000.00 

City of Boston Three per cent Bond . . . 500.00 

Charlotte Harris Fund — Bequest of CHARLOTTE HARRIS, late of Bos- 
ton, the object of which is stated in the following extract from her 
will: "I give to the Charlestown Public Library $10,000, to be 


invested of interest, which interest is to be applied to the purchase 
of books published before 1 850. I also give to said Public Library 
my own private library and the portrait of my grandfather, Richard 
Devens." Bequests accepted by City Council, July 31, 1877. 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one quarter 

per cent Bond $10,000.00 

Thomas B. Harris Fund — Bequest of ThoMAS B. HarRIS, late of 
Charlestown, for the benefit of the Charlestown Public Library. 
Received in 1 884. 
Invested in City of Boston Five per cent Bond . $1,000.00 

Hyde Fund — Bequest of Franklin P. Hyde of Boston, to be known 
as the "Franklin P. Hyde Fund," the income to be applied to the 
purchase of books and other library material. Received in 1915. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $3,600.00 

Cash, January 31, 1924 32.40 

David P. Kimball Fund — Bequest of David P. KiMBALL. 

"I give to the Public Library of the City of Boston, the income to 
be used for the purchase of books, $10,000." Received in 1924. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . $10,000.00 

Arthur Mason Knapp Fund — Extract from the will of Katherine 
Knapp: "To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of 
Boston, the sum of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), to be known 
as the Arthur Mason Knapp Fund, of which the income only shall 
be used for the purchase of books for said library. And I hereby 
request that such books be designated v/ith an appropriate label or 
inscription, bearing the name of the Fund." Received in 1914. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $10,000.00 

Abbott Lawrence Fund — Bequest of Abbott Lawrence, of Boston. 
Received in 1 860. The interest on this fund is to be exclusively 
appropriated for the purchase of books for the said library having 
a permanent value. 
Invested in City of Boston Three and one half per 

cent Bond $10,000.00 

Edward Lawrence Fund — Bequest of Edward Lawrence, of Charles- 
town. Received in 1 886. The following clause from his will 
explains its purpose: 

"To hold and apply the income and so much of the principal as they 
may choose, to the purchase of special books of reference to be kept 
and used only at the Charlestown branch of said Public Library." 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $500.00 


Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund — Bequest of ELIZABETH Lewis, to be known 
as the Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund: "I give and bequeath to the Bos- 
ton Pubhc Library the sum of $5,000 as a fund, the income of which 
is to be used for the purchase of such old and rare books as shall be 
fitly selected to augment the collection known as the John A. Lewis 
Library." Received in 1903. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $5,000.00 

Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund — Donation from the family of 
Charles Greely Loring, the income of which is to be expended 
for the purchase of books for the West End Branch. Received in 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $500.00 

Charles Mead Fund — Bequest of ChaRLES Mead, to constitute the 
Charles Mead Public Library Trust Fund for the promotion of the 
objects of the Public Library in such manner as the government of 
said library shall deem best, and so far as the government shall deem 
consistent with the objects of the library to be used for the beneftt 
of the South Boston Branch Library. Received in 1 896. 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one half per 

cent Bond $2,500.00 

The Oakland Hall Trust Fund — By an interlocutory decree of the 
Probate Court for the County of Suffolk, the amount of $1 1 ,781 .44 
was received, the same being one-half of the net amount received from 
the disposition of certain property held by the Trustees, under an 
indenture between Amor Hollingsworth, Sumner A. Burt and Amor 
L. Hollingsworth, all of Milton, Mass., and John H. McKendry, 
of Boston, Mass., entered into the sixth day of August, 1 870. The 
above amount was accepted by the City, January 2, 1924, and the 
Trustees of the Public Library voted to invest the same under the 
name of "The Oakland Hall Trust Fund," the income to be applied 
to the purchase of books and other library material for the Mattapan 
Branch. ^--,^#,^ 

Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . $1 1,000.00 
Cash, January 31, 1924 781.44 


John Boyle O'Reilly Fund — Donation received from the PapyRUS 
Club to establish a fund in memory of John Boyle O'Reilly, late 
member of said club, the income of said fund to be devoted to the 
purchase of books for the Boston Public Library. Received in 


Im>csted in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $1,000.00 


Phillips Fund — I>onation made by JONATHAN PHILLIPS, of Boston, 
in April, 1853. 

The interest of this fund is to be used exclusively for the purchase 
of books for said library. 

Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $10,000.00 
Also a beauest by the same gentleman in his will dated September 
20, 1849.' 

The interest on which is to be annually devoted to the maintenance of 
a free Public Library. 
Invested in City of Boston Three and one half per 

cent Bond $20,000.00 

Both of these items are payable to the Mayor of the city for the 
time being. 

Pierce Fund — Donation made by HeNRY L. Pierce, Mayor of the city, 
November 29, 1873, and accepted by the City Council, December 
27, 1873. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $5,000.00 

Sarah E. Pratt Fund — Bequest from SaRAH E. Pratt. late of Boston 
under the I 4th clause of her will for the benefit of the Dorchester 
Branch, $500.00. 

By vote of the trustees the bequest to be funded as the Sarah E. 
Pratt Fund, the income to be applied to the purchase of books for the 
Dorchester Branch. Received in January, 1 922. 
Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $1 ,400.00 

Cash in City Treasury, January 31, 1924 . . 64.30 

Scholfield Fund — Bequest of Arthur Scholfield, who died in New- 
York, January I 7, 1 883. The interest to be paid to certain heirs 
during their lives, and then to be used for the purchase of books of 
permanent value. The last heir, Joseph Scholfield, died November 
1 8, 1 889, and by his will bequeathed to the City of Boston the sum 
of $1 1,766.67, which represents the income of said fund received 
by him up to the time of his death, to which was added $33.33 
accrued interest on deposit up to the time of investment, to be added 
to the fund given by his brother. 
Invested in 

City of Boston Four per cent Bond .... $32,800.00 
City of Boston Four and one quarter per cent Bond 12,000.00 

City of Boston Four and one half per cent Bonds 6,000.00 

City of Boston Five per cent Bonds .... 11 ,000.00 



Sewall Fund — Extract from the will of RiCHARD BlacK SeWALL: 
''Tenth. — I bequeath the following pecuniary legacies clear of lega- 
cy tax, namely. To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City 
of Boston $25,000 (t\venty-five thousand dollars) to be added to 
their funds and the income to be used for the purchase of books." 
Received in 1 9 1 8. 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one-quarter per 

cent Bond $25,000.00 

Skinner Fund — Extract from the will of FraNCIS SkinneR: 

"Eleventh. — All my books and library I give and bequeath to my 
son to be enjoyed by him during his life and after his death to be 
distributed as he shall appoint among such pubhc libraries as he shall 
judge fit, and in case he makes no such appointment then to the 
Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston. 
''Sixteenth. — All the rest and residue of my said property of what- 
ever kind, I give and bequeath to Augustus P. Loring and J. Lewis 
Stackpole in trust to pay the net income to my son Francis Skinner, 
Jr., during his life, or to apply the same to his maintenance and sup- 
port, or the maintenance and support of any issue of his, as they shall 
think best during his hfe ; and at his death to apply the income to the 
maintenance and support of his issue until his youngest child shall 
reach the age of 2 1 years and then to distribute said property among 
said issue, the issue of a deceased child to take the share a parent 
would have taken if living. 

"If there shall be no issue surviving at the time of my son's death, 
then to turn the said property into cash and to divide it equally 
among the following legatees: The Trustees of the Pubhc Library 
of the City of Boston, the Museum of Fine Arts of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Medical School 
of Harvard University, and the Free Hospital for Women, Brook- 
line, Massachusetts." 
Invested in 

City of Boston Three and one-half per cent Bond $40,000.00 
City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . . . . 10,250.00 

City of Boston Four and one half per cent Bonds 200.00 

1 6 shares Worcester Street Railway Company . 1 ,280.00 

Cash, January 31, 1924 2.14 

South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund — Donation of a citizen of 
South Boston, the income of which is to be expended for the benefit 
of the South Boston Branch Library. Received in 1879. 
Invested in City of Boston Four and one-quarter per 

cent Bond $100.00 


Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund — Bequest of MaRY ELIZABETH STEW- 
ART of $3,500 to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library. The 
Trustees voted under date of June 29, 1923, that the income be 
applied to the purchase of books and other library material. 

Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . $3,500.00 

Patrick Fi Sullivan Bequest — Extract from will: "I give and bequeath 
to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library the sum of five thous- 
and dollars, the principal or income of said sum to be expended by 
them for the purchase of Catholic standard books, said books to be 
approved by the Archbishop of the diocese of Boston, Mass., or by 
the President of the Trustees of Boston College, m Boston, Mass." 
Received in 1908. 

This bequest, together with interest amounting to $339.61, has been 
expended for books. 

Ticknor Bequest — By the will of George Ticknor, of Boston, he 
gave to the City of Boston, on the death of his wife, all his books and 
manuscripts in the Spanish and Portuguese languages, about four 
thousand volumes, and also the sum of four thousand dollars. After 
the receipt of said sums the city is required to spend not less than 
one thousand dollars in every five years during the twenty-five years 
next succeeding (i.e., the income of four thousand dollars, at the 
rate of five per cent per annum) in the purchase of books in the 
Spanish and Portuguese languages and literature. At the end of 
twenty-five years the income of said sum to be expended annually in 
the purchase of books of permanent value, either in the Spanish or 
Portuguese languages, or in such other languages as may be deemed 
expedient by those ha\ing charge of the library. The books be- 
queathed or purchased are always to be freely accessible for reference 
or study, but are not to be loaned for use outside of the hbrary build- 
ing. If these bequests are not accepted by the city, and the trusts 
and conditions faithfully executed, the books, manuscripts and money 
are to be given to the President and Fellows of Harvard College. 
In order that the city might receive the immediate benefit of this 
contribution, Anna Ticknor, widow of the donor, relinquished her 
right to retain during her life the books and manuscripts, and placed 
them under the control of the city, the City Council having previously 
accepted the bequests in accordance with the terms and conditions of 
said will, and the Trustees of the Public Library received said be- 
quests on behalf of the city, and made suitable arrangements for the 
care and custody of the books and manuscripts. 

Invested in City of Boston Four and one-half per 

cent Bonds $4,000.00 


William C. Todd Newspaper Fund — Donation by WiLLIAM C. ToDD, 
accepted by order of the City Council, approved October 30, 1897, 
the income to be at least two thousand dollars a year, to be ex- 
pended by the Library Trustees for newspapers of this and other 

Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bond . $50,000.00 

Townsend Fund — Donation from William Minot and WiUiam Minot, 
Jr., executors of the will of Mary P. ToWNSEND, of Boston, at 
whose disposal she left a certain portion of her estate in trust for such 
charitable and public institutions as they might think meritorious. 
Said executors accordingly selected the Public Library of the City 
of Boston as one of such institutions, and attached the following con- 
ditions to the legacy: "The income only shall, in each and every 
year, be expended in the purchase of books for the use of the library; 
each of which books shall have been published in some one edition 
at least five years at the time it may be so purchased." Received in 


Invested in City of Boston Three and one-half per 

cent Bond $4,000.00 

Treadwell Fund — By the will of the late Daniel TreADWELL, of 
Cambridge, late Rumford Professor in Harvard College, who died 
February 27, 1872, he left the residue of his estate, after payment 
of debts, legacies, etc., in trust to his executors, to hold during the 
life of his wife for her benefit, and after her decease to divide the 
residue then remaining in the hands of the Trustees, as therein pro- 
vided, and convey one-fifth part thereof to the Trustees of the Public 
Library of the City of Boston. 

By order of the City Council, approved May 1 7, 1 872, said bequest 
v/as accepted and the Trustees of the Public Library authorized to 
receive the same and invest it in the City of Boston Bonds, income 
of which is to be expended by said Trustees in such manner as they 
may deem for the best interests of the library. 

Invested in 

City of Boston Four and one-half per cent Bond . $1,000.00 

City of Boston Four and one-quarter per cent Bonds 3, 1 00.00 

City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . . . 9,850.00 

Cash in City Treasury, January 31, 1924 . . 37.69 


Tufts Fund — Bequest of NatHAN A. TuFTS, of Charlestown, to be 

known as the "Nathan A. Tufts Fund," the income to be applied 


at all times to the purchase of books and other additions to the hbrary 
to be placed in the Charlestow n Branch. Received in 1 906. 

Invested in City of Boston Three and one-half per 

cent Bonds $10,100.00 

Cash in City Treasury, January 31 , 1924 . . 31.77 


Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund — Donation on account of the 
Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund, the income to be used 
for the purchase of books of a military and patriotic character, to be 
placed in the alcove appropriated as a memorial to the Twentieth 
Regiment. Received in 1897. 

Invested in City of Boston Four and one-quarter per 

cent Bond $5,000.00 

Wales Fund — Extract from the will of George C. WalES: 

"After the foregoing bequests I direct that the sum of five thousand 
dollars be paid to the Trustees of the PubHc Library of the City of 
Boston, the same to be held, managed and invested by them, so as 
to produce an income, and the said income to be applied to the pur- 
chase of such books for said Library as they may deem best." Re- 
ceived in 1918. 

Invested in City of Boston Four and one-quarter per 

cent Bond $5,000.00 

Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund — Bequest of MehitabLE C. C. Wil- 
son, the income to be expended for the purchase of books for the 
Boston Public Library. 

Invested in City of Boston Four per cent Bonds . $1 ,000.00 

Whitney Funds — Bequests of James Lyman WhiTNEY, who died Sep- 
tember 25, 1910. 

Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund — The twelfth clause of his will di- 
rected that: One-tenth of said remaining income of the principal 
fund, I direct to be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the 
City of Boston, to be held and accumulated by said Trustees and 
permanently invested and re-invested. The first five thousand dollars 
of income so accumulated, including the income thereon arising during 
the period of accumulation, I request to be funded in the name of 
my sister, Alice Lincoln Whitney, and the income of said fund after 
its accumulation or so much of said income as may be required, to 
be paid to such employees of the said Library, who are sick and in 
need of help, as ^ the Trustees may in their discretion deem most 


worthy (there are often such cases). Any amount of income from 

said accumulated fund not needed for the purpose just mentioned 

shall be used for the purchase of books and manuscripts. 

Invested in 

City of Boston Five per cent Bond .... $ 500.00 

City of Boston Four and one-quarter per cent Bonds 1 ,000.00 

City of Boston Four Per cent Bonds .... 3,500.00 

James Lyman Whitney Fund — The Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund 
having been established, all amounts of income of the principal fund 
paid to said Trustees after the accumulation of said fund of five 
thousand dollars shall be held as the James Lyman Whitney Fund, 
and invested and reinvested and the income used in equal shares, 
one share for the purchase of rare and expensive books, and one share 
for the purchase and care of manuscripts; one half at least of the 
share devoted to manuscripts to be expended for their cataloguing 
and proper care. 

Invested in 

City of Boston Four and one-half per cent Bonds . $1 ,200.00 

City of Boston Four and one-quarter per cent Bonds 2,000.00 

City of Boston Four per cent Bonds .... 4,700.00 

Cash in City Treasury, January 31, 1924 . . 745.84 


In addition to the above Mr. Whitney created a trust, directing that 
of the net income seven hundred dollars a year be paid to the Trustees 
of the PubHc Library of the City of Boston, to be expended on 
bibliographic work for the benefit of the Library. 

Donations — Besides the preceding, the following donations have been 
made to the Public Library, and the amounts have been appro- 
priated for the purchase of books, according to the intention of the 
donors, viz. : 

J. Ingersoll Bowditch 
Samuel Appleton, late of Boston 
Sally Inman Kast Shepard 
James Brown, late of Cambridge 
Andrew Carnegie 
Nathaniel I. Bowditch 
James Nightingale 
Dorchester and Milton Circulating Library, for the 
benefit of the Dorchester Branch Library . 

1 ,000.00 





Ariz Fund . 

Bates Fund . 

Bigelow Fund 

Robert Charles Billings Fund 

Bowditch Fund 

Bradlee Fund 

Joseph H. Center Fund 

Children's Fund 

Clement Fund 

Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fun 

Cutter Fund 

Elizabeth Fund 

Daniel Sharp Ford Fund 

Franklin Club Fund 

Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund 

Green Fund .... 

Charlotte Harris Fund . 

Thomas B. Harris Fund 

Hyde Fund .... 

David P. Kimball Fund . 

Arthur Mason Knapp Fund . 

Abbott Lawrence Fund . 

Edward Lawrence Fund 

Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund . 

Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund 

Charles Mead Fund 

The Oakland Hall Trust Fund 

John Boyle O'Reilly Fund . 

Phillips Funds 

Pierce Fund 

Sarah E. Pratt Fund . 

Scholfield Fund 

Sewall Fund 

Skinner Fund 

South Boston Branch Library Trust Fi 

Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund 

Ticknor Fund 

William C. Todd Newspaper Fund 

Townsend Fund . 

Treadwell Fund . 

Nathan A. Tufts Fund . 

Twentieth Regiment Memorial 

Wales Fund 

Mehitable C. C. 'Wilson Fund 

Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund 

James Lyman Whitney Fund 

$ 10.000.00 


1 ,000.00 



1 ,000.00 












1 ,000.00 














61 ,800.00 












1 ,000.00 





The Trustees wish to call special attention to the report of the 
Director, which contains many points of general interest about 
the needs and conditions of the Library. From this report it 


will be clearly seen that a larger income must be provided for 
necessary repairs and upkeep. Attention has been repeatedly 
called to the pressing physical needs of the Library. It is false 
economy to postpone from year to year the repairs and improve- 
ments which are so urgently required. 

Much has been done and still more can be done by the Public 
Library of the City of Boston with its present collections and its 
incomplete personnel. But if it is to keep in the front rank of 
educational institutions and serve as it should the demands of an 
eager general public it must do several things. It must first set its 
house in order — must make suitable for occupancy and service 
its main building and branches and must have an income sufficient 
for keeping them in proper condition. Even more important, 
however, is the necessity of rounding out and constantly adding 
to its great collections for the use of scholars and of extending 
its service to the general readmg public through the acquisition of 
a larger number of the more popular books, especially books 
other than fiction, for both the branches and the Central Library. 


In September the Trustees received notice from the Board of 
Street Commissioners of the taking of 3,1 19 square feet of land 
from the West End Branch Library property on Cambridge 
Street, for highway purposes, with an award of $24,500. In 
January, 1925, under a rulmg of the Law Department, this 
avv^ard was cancelled and rescinded, inasmuch as the title of the 
property was in the City of Boston. 


On January 9, 1925, the Director reported that the rule of 
the Trustees of November 23, 1903, authorizing the remittance 
at the end of six months of fines charged against borrowers under 
16 years of age, was unsatisfactory in many ways, and recom- 
mended that the practice be discontinued and that fines for such 
borrowers be reduced to one cent for each day beyond the time 
for which the book was lent, and payment of the same required 
before the borrowing privileges be restored. 


The recommendation was approved and adopted, to take ef- 
fect February 1, 1925, or as soon thereafter as convenient. 


The Trustees gratefully acknow^ledge the assistance rendered 
by the Examining Committee of the year. It appears that the 
Library can always rely on the generous and cheerful assistance 
of the best citizens whenever they are asked to render it service. 
The recommendations of the Committee deserve and have re- 
ceived careful attention. The Committee for 1924-25, con- 
sisted of: 

Mr. Gordon Abbott. Mr. Jacob J. Kaplan. 

Rev. William J. Barry. Mr. John C. Kiley. 

John T. Bottomley, M.D. Mr. Malcolm Lang. 

Mrs. I. Tucker Burr. Hon. Frank Leveroni. 

Miss Ida M. Cannon. Mrs. Joseph T. Mooney. 

Mr. Mollis French. Mrs. Fred L. Pigeon. 

Mr. John I. Fitzgerald. Miss Mary Ranney. 

Mr. Henry Lewis Johnson. Rev. Lyman V. Rutledge. 
Miss Sara H. Stites. 

The helpful and suggestive report of the Committee is ap- 
pended to the report of the Trustees. 


The Trustees feel that the service of the Library has been well 
administered during the year. This has been in a large degree 
due to the efficient and loyal service of the Director and his staff. 

Each year since the adoption of the Boston Retirement Act, 
the Library has been deprived of a number of employees. To 
these employees of long and faithful service the Library owes 
much, and the Trustees cannot conclude then' report without an 
expression of their appreciation of such service. 

Louis E. Kirstein, 
Michael J. Murray, 
William A. Gaston, 
Arthur T. Connolly, 
Guy W. Currier. 




Central Library and Branches: 
To expenditures for 

Permanent employees (exclusive of Printing and 
Binding Departments) ...... 

Temporary employees . . . . . 

Service other than personal 
Contract work (outside) 

Transportation of persons 
Cartage and freight . 
Light and power 
Rent, taxes and water 
Premium on surety bonds 
Cleaning, towels, etc. 
Removal of snow 
Expert and architect 

Boiler inspection 
General plant repairs 

To expenditure for equipment 
Furniture and fixtures 
Office .... 
Motorless vehicles 
Tools and instruments 
Books : 

City appropriation 
Trust funds income 

Newspapers : 

City appropriation 
Todd fund . 





General plant equipment . 

To expenditures for supplies: 
Office .... 
Food and ice . 
Fuel .... 

Forage for animals . 
Medical .... 
Laundry, cleaning and toilet 

Chemicals and disinfectants 
General plant . 







































Carried forward 




By City Appropriation 1924-1925 .... 

Income from Trust Funds ...... 

Income from James L. Whitney Bibliographic account . 
Interest on deposit in London ..... 

By Balances Brought Forward from 1924: 
Trust funds income, City Treasury 
Trust funds income on deposit in London 
City appropriation on deposit in London 
James L, Whitney Bibliographic account 
Library Building Addition, equipping and furnishing 





46,61 5.09 

1 7,292.45 



1 5,803.50 




CarrieJ foTTeard 





Brought forward . 
To expenditures for material 
Building . . . . 

Electric . . . . 

General plant . 

Special items 

Pensions ...... 

Workingmcn's compensation (Bindery) 
James L. Whitney Bibliographic account 

Binding Department: 
Stock . 
Equipment . 

Light . . 


Medical service 

Furniture, tools, ice and small supplies 

Printing Department: 
Stock . 
Light . 
Outside work 
Travelling expenses 
Furniture, tools, ice end small supplies 

Special Appropriation: Library Building Addition 
Equipping and furnishing ..... 

To Amount Paid into City Treasury 
From fines ..... 
Sales of catalogues, and lists 
Commission on telephone stations 
Payments for lost books 
Sale of waste paper . 
Interest on deposit 

To Balance, January 31, 1925: 

Trust funds income on depo-it in London 
City appropriation on deposit in London 
Trust funds income. City Treasury 
James L. Whitney Bibliographic account 
Interest on deposit in London 

Balance Unexpended: 

General appropriation ..... 
Special appropriation, L ibrary Building Addition 

4,701 .78 

















4.004.1 1 












1 1 ,799.39 






4.004.1 1 







Brought fornarJ . 
By Receipts: 

From fines ..... 
Sales of catalogues, bullehns and lists 
Commission on telephone stations 
Payments for lost books 
Sale of waste paper 
Interest on deposit 












To THE Trustees of the Public Library 
OF THE City of Boston. 


The Examining Committee takes pleasure in submitting its 
report for the year ending January 31, 1925. 


This Committee was formally organized on November 18, 
1 924, and subdivided into various visiting committees to examine 
and report upon the different branches of vv^ork and conditions 
of the Boston Public Library. While recognizing that this Com- 
mittee's function is advisory, its members have given thorough 
and earnest consideration to the subjects before them and have 
reached definite conclusions. These are embodied in recom- 
mendations which form the conclusion of this report. 

In preface to its report the Committee wishes to emphasize 
the critical situation of some of the Library afFairs. The increase 
in service demanded by the public to keep pace with the growth 
of educational, artistic, scientific, and business needs, as well as 
general reading, has taxed to the limit the financial resources. 

While substantial increases have been made in the annual 
appropriation for maintenance and for the purchase of books, 
the funds have not been sufficient to make necessary repairs and 
improvements in the Central Library building. This condition 
can no longer continue without serious detriment to the City's 
property and the ultimate expenditure of still larger sums. The 
immediate needs of the Library and the results of the Commit- 
tee's examinations are grouped as follows : 



Your Committee has given special attention at this time to the 
main library building, Copley Square, because of the imperative 
need of repairs and extensions. 

Second only to the service rendered is the influence of the 
Library through its appearance. It is generally conceded that 
no other building in the United States has had a greater influence 
upon the appreciation of fine architecture and suitable features 
than the Boston Public Library. The prophetic vision of 
Joshua Bates in 1852 — "My ideas are that the building should 
contain lofty apartments to serve for placing the books and also 
for reading purposes . . . The architecture should be such 
that the student on entermg it will be impressed and elevated and 
feel pride that such a place is free to him ... I wish to see 
the institution a model for other towns and cities." — has been 
wonderfully fulfilled. The fine library building erected in 1 895 
has made possible the great growth in circulation for the educa- 
tional, research and general reading requirements. The general 
circulation has advanced from 832,1 13 volumes in 1894 to over 
3,000,000 volumes in 1924. 

Although the City administration has given a large measure 
of support to the Library, it has not been possible to use any 
considerable portion of the annual appropriations for changes or 
even the necessary maintenance of the building itself. One in- 
stance is in the ordinary painting of the interior, but very little 
refinishing having been done since the erection of the Library. 
There are leaks in the roof and serious defects in certain mechan- 
ical and constructional features. The Committee has examined 
these in detail and they are too numerous to list in this report. 

The main ventilating system has long been abandoned; the 
main fan cannot run ; the prime radiators have been taken away 
and the air filters have disappeared. The original system was 
of excellent design and it would be well if it could be restored. 

Check valves should be installed in certain pipes to keep 
sewage from leaking into the building and entering the base- 
ment and its pneumatic tube system. 


The metal chimney stack needs attention; the pump and 
fountain tanks should be cleaned and repaired. Some of the 
main steam line pipes should be replaced; and a back pressure 
valve furnished on the heating lines; a new return tank is re- 

For the sake of safety the elevators should be repaired. The 
book railway has been out of service for some time and as a 
result the Library is hiring messengers at an increased expense 
in operation. 

There are some fundamental alterations and rearrangements 
of increasing importance. There is need of two additional 
stories on the Annex which would provide not only stack room 
for the increasing collection of large books now kept in unsightly 
cabinets in the various galleries of the Special Libraries floor, 
but would permit the removal of the Catalogue and Ordering 
Departments to a more suitable location and enable the Chil- 
dren's Department to be transferred to the ground floor and 
given a separate entrance on Blagden Street. 

Another most important change will be the moving of the 
Music Department into the North Gallery on Boylston Street, 
thus giving increased room for this department and enabling the 
Music Room to be fitted up as a Treasure Room. 

The constant pruning of appropriations by powers outside the 
Library has led to a certain physical neglect of the building and 
its plant. This has become cumulative through the years, but 
the time has now come when money must be spent in larger 
amounts upon this part of the City's property, or paralysis of its 
function will result. 

It is urgent that at least $50,000. be set aside for extraordinary 
repairs during 1 925 and the succeeding years until the property 
is built up to a standard that can be maintained. 


The problem of properly housing branch libraries is one 
which must be recognized as of great importance in the service 
rendered in different parts of the city. Especially is this so in 
relation to making adequate provisions for the future. 


There are now twelve branches for which rent is being paid. 
In such cases as the Boylston Station Branch and the Warren 
Street Branch it is quite unhkelj'^ that first-class quarters can 
be hired for branches. While some provisions may be made for 
branches in school buildings, j^our Committee is firmly convinced 
that the best service can be rendered by branch library buildings 
well located in each section and with the maximum usefulness in 
the right apportionment of space for delivery, reading and service 

Such branch buildings can be brought about only by local 
activity and earnest work for such buildings. Your Committee 
recommends a forward-looking program for the acquirement of a 
few branch buildings each year as the needs become more ap- 

All branches were visited and an examination made of the 
libraries and the working conditions. The West End Branch, 
the largest and most active one in the city, shows a falling off in 
circulation, due to changes in population. It should be added 
that a personal service is being given to those using the reading 
rooms and taking out books — service that cannot be measured. 
It is hoped that the grounds surrounding this beautiful historic 
building can be improved under the direction of the Trustees 
after the widening of Cambridge Street. 

The Brighton Branch was found to be in need of repairs to 
the roof, vestibule door and to the furniture. While the loca- 
tion is excellent, it is desirable that the sign on the building be 
lighted so that people can locate the branch. 

The Allston Branch, on the second floor, at the corner of 
Harvard and Brighton Avenues, is an exceedingly poor layout 
for a library. The location is good, but street floor quarters 
are much more desirable. This is one of the branches for which 
new quarters seem to be essential to the increased service which 
will be required in this populous district. 

Another poorly located branch, housed in a municipal build- 
ing, is that in Dorchester. The sanitary conditions and lighting, 
still v^th gas, are most unsatisfactory. The rooms used are up 
long, steep stairs. 

At the Dorchester Lower Mills Branch the quarters are not 


adequate to the circulation of the books. If the Public Build- 
ings Department of the City were to turn over the next room, 
formerly a police station, now empty and available, to its use, it 
would be an immense improvement at a comparatively small 

The Mattapan Branch shows an encouraging improvement 
over last year. Its chief defect, which it shares with most of the 
other branches, is lack of space. The circulation has increased 
about 20,000 books this year. If there is an opportunity of se- 
curing additional space, it will add much to the usefulness of 
this library. 

The Mt. Bowdoin Branch is pleasant and well situated, but 
inadequate to its needs. It would be very desirable if the whole 
building could be used for library purposes. 

The main South Boston Branch at 372 Broadway is one of 
the oldest in the entire city and it is also one of the busiest. It 
has put into circulation over 1 38,000 books thus far this year. 
Its quarters are inadequate, although satisfactory as far as they 
go. The branch is used more and more by so many children 
that the space for adult readers is greatly encroached upon. 
More books in foreign languages for the use of adult readers 
should be provided. 

Reports of sub-committee visits to other branches show the 
need in some instances of better housing, and particularly im- 
provement in lighting, many lights being too high for readers' 
use. These conditions have led to the recommendation that 
it would be desirable to hire two men permanently to go from 
one branch to another to do the carpentering and painting so 
constantly needed. 

children's department and work with schools. 

This department of the Library, having the welfare of the 
future citizens in its hands, should be given the greatest con- 

This year, many thousands of dollars have been expended for 
purchasing books for the younger readers; still the supply is 


Not enough can be said in praise of the great value of the 
Story Hour to the children, both in their school work and in 
their everyday activities. 

The Supervisor of Work with Children has kindly offered to 
talk to the pupils of the public schools, giving them definite in- 
structions concerning books and the subjects which they may wish 
to look up. It is hoped that the principals will avail themselves 
of this helpful and generous offer. 

She also suggests that more teachers accompany their classes 
to the library that they may familiarize themselves with its use. 

The librarians in the various branches have been doing splen- 
did work by their co-operation with the evening schools in their 
Americanization classes. Much praise should be given to the 
employees of the Library for their efforts in behalf of the children. 


The chief function of a library is the education and delecta- 
tion of the public through the circulation of proper books and 
through encouragement and direction in their use. As a com- 
munity grows in numbers and as the amount of available leisure 
time of rts individuals increases, so should the number of books 
and the facility of their distribution be augmented. That such a 
condition may obtain, certain factors are of paramount import- 
ance: a sufficient number of books, adequate funds for their 
provision and ample room for storing, protecting and handling 

As one walks through the inner rooms of the Library, there 
are several features which should attract critical comment; the 
crowding of certain rooms, the inadequate space for carrying on 
the work of the institution, and the need of repairs in the physical 
condition of the building are apparent. 


New machinery added during the past year seems to have 
thoroughly justified itself. Plans under way for increasing the 
equipment of the Printing Department are approved. The 
Bindery is in great need of a number of minor machines to pro- 


duce the work economically and to meet the increasing needs in 


The Committee finds that the special collections of permanent 
value, which are the most distinguishing feature of any library, 
are suffering because the income from invested funds is not suf- 
ficient to provide for the acquirement of books which are essential 
for current study and scholarly research in trades, arts and 

There should be much more general understanding of the 
value and needs of these special collections, and this can best 
be brought about through publicity, extending over a considerable 
period. This should lead to gifts and endowments for the par- 
ticular collections or departments in which the donors are in- 

The New York Public Library has an endowment of 
$16,000,000. The Boston Public Library has an available 
endowment of less than $800,000. So serious a handicap is 
rapidly lowering the usefulness and scholarly standing of our 

The policy of private endowment for public libraries is well 
established, but in Boston there has never been a systematic effort. 
to build up such funds. The members of the Examining Com- 
mittee most strongly urge that the Trustees take immediate action 
for such publicity, and the appointment of a committee to build 
up adequate gift and endowment funds. 


The Committee has discussed in much detail, and wishes to 
emphasize, four pressing needs for the maintenance and progress 
of the Library. 

1 . That a continuing large book appropriation is vitally essen- 

tial and that under no circumstances should it be reduced 
from that of last year. 

2. That a large appropriation be made for the necessary repairs 

and improvements in the main library building. 


3. That the over-crowding of certain branches be overcome and 

environment features be improved. 

4. That a plan of publicity be adopted so that citizens may 

know more about the services and needs of the Library, 
such publicity to assist in securing maintenance appropria- 
tions and gifts for building up the special collections. 


The Committee extends its thanks to the Director and to all 
the staff of the Library with whom its members have had con- 
ferences. The contact of the Committee with the affairs of 
the Library is most convincing of the great service which the 
institution is giving; the importance of maintaining its prestige 
and extendng its opportunities for the cultural progress and 
attainments of all who come within its influence. 

Adopted as the Report of the Examining Committee, January 
30, 1925. 


To THE Board of Trustees: 

I respectfully submit my report for the year ending January 
31. 1925. 


Year after year attention has been called to the pressing need 
for repairs and renewal of equipment. After thirty years of use 
most of the mechanical equipment of the Central Library has 
now broken down. The book carrier system has been out of 
commission for several months, necessitating the carrying of all 
books by messenger, with a consequent delay in service. The 
frequent breakdown of the pneumatic tube system which carries 
the call-slips for books from the issue room to the various floors 
of the library stacks, has resulted in serious delays, confusion, 
and on the part of the users of the Library many complaints. No 
funds have been available to improve the unsatisfactory lighting 
in different parts of the building, to which attention has been 
frequently called. The heating system is said to be only thirty 
per cent efficient, while the ventilating system, old fashioned and 
inadequate, except for the lecture-hall unit installed last year, 
is practically useless. Criticism is continually being received of 
the lack of proper ventilation. Most of the departments of the 
Library require thorough cleaning and re-painting, while others 
need new equipment and re-arrangement for greater efficiency of 
service. The mural decorations demand immediate attention, in 
order to prevent serious deterioration. 

Similar conditions prevail, as has been noted, at many of 
the branches of the library system. Cleaning, painting, lighting, 
additional equipment are greatly needed, especially in the 
branches located in municipal buildings. The Library Depart- 


ment has the good will of the Buildings Department of the City, 
but appropriations are insufficient to keep in attractive and suit- 
able condition the library quarters under municipal care. 


The year has been one of progress. The total home circula- 
tion of books throughout the system was 3,132,194 volumes, a 
gain of 209,333 over 1923-24. The branch circulation, ex- 
clusive of the deposits of books sent to schools and various in- 
stitutions, was 2,283,777 volumes, a gain of 148,078 volumes 
over the previous year, while the increase in deposits was 46,056 

The Central Library shows a direct home circulation of 
623,024 volumes. In place of the loss reported last year, there 
is a gain of 46,027 volumes over the home circulation of the 
Central Library in 1 923—24. 

The inability of the Central Library and the Branches to 
meet the legitimate call for books on the part of the citizens of 
Boston is a matter of regret. The home use of books would 
doubtless be increased by several millions of volumes annually, 
if the Library possessed the books for which a reasonable de- 
mand is made, and if there were the necessary new branches in 
those sections of the city at present unprovided with satisfactory 
library service. 

Interesting comparative tables showing the use of books may 
be found on pages 62-65 of the Appendix. 

The book accessions for the year total 80,855 volumes, of 
which 66,483 were acquired by purchase and 12',003 by gift. 
A somewhat increased book appropriation enabled the Library 
to buy a larger number of current books than in the preceding 
year, and together with the available income from Trust Funds 
made possible an outlay of $1 12,409.74. 

In addition, $8,775.59 was expended for current periodicals, 
$2,1 55.43 for current nev/spapers and $589.80 for lantern slides 
and photographs, making a total of $123,930.56 paid for books 
and allied material, or approximately fourteen per cent of the 
total expenditures of the Library for the year. 


In re-budgeting the gross sum of $100,000, allowed by the 
City for books, approximately eighty per cent was devoted to 
branch library use and apportioned to the individual branches 
on the basis of their yearly circulation. The sum agreed upon 
for this purpose early in the year was $77,379 ($74,000 for 
books, $3,379 for periodicals and newspapers), but owing to 
unusual purchases, chiefly expensive books of reference, this sum 
was exceeded by $1,944, bringing the total to $79,323.20 
(books $75,861.74, periodicals $3,055.46, newspapers $306). 

For the Central Library there was available the sum of 
$20,677 from the City appropriation, to cover the acquisition of 
current popular books, including fiction, circulating music, direc- 
tories and other working tools for the Information Room, cur- 
rent periodicals, a part of the newspaper subscriptions, and re- 
placement of missing books, particularly non-fiction. 

From the income available from Trust Funds, $23,359.05 
supplemented the City appropriation, and after setting aside the 
Todd Fund of $2,000 for newspapers, there was left something 
over $2 1 ,000 for the upkeep and development of the many col- 
lections shelved in the Special Libraries Department — fine arts, 
architecture, music (for the Allen A. Brown Library), photo- 
graphs, Americana, maps, and early printed" books, — as well 
as for encyclopaedias and atlases, genealogy and history for 
other departments of reference. 

From these available funds only a few older works of im- 
portance could be purchased. Those that were bought are 
believed to be of exceptional significance for the Boston Library, 
especially a Portolan Atlas consisting of six manuscript sea 
charts, of which four cover all of the American coast line as 
known in the latter part of the sixteenth century. 

These charts, drawn on parchment and mounted on stiff card- 
board, are bound in old French morocco and measure IOI/4 by 
13% inches; the first page is filled by a large reproduction, in 
gold and colors, of the jewel of the Order of the Annunciation, 
bearing the arms of one of the Dukes of Savoy. The 
first map in the volume shows Panama and the whole of 
South America excepting the extreme eastern part; the second 
gives the coast of Brazil ; the third, the Caribbean Sea and the 


eastern coast of North America; fourth, the Mediterranean; 
fifth, the northern half of eastern North America; the last, the 
African coast from Guinea round the Cape of Good Hope to 
Madagascar. The coast lines are shown in full detail, with 
hundreds of names written in, the lower courses of rivers, a scale 
of miles, and the compass-rose in gold and colors. On the chart 
of the Mediterranean the most striking feature is an elaborate 
view of the city of Marseilles, with its flags flying, covering most 
of southeastern France, and in the right-hand corner the inscrip- 
tion "Augustin Roussin m'a feict dans la ville de marseille." 

No clue is found to tell who Augustin Roussin may have been 
or what, if any, connection he may have had with the coat of 
arms, but the character of the workmanship seems to indicate 
the hand of a practical navigator who has brought together his 
data from actual experience assisted by tradition. The pur- 
chase of this unusual volume was concluded only when expert 
authorities had pronounced upon its genuineness and importance ; 
it is the first original example of a sailing chart of the period 
to be acquired by the Library. 

Among accessions of local interest was a copy of an early 
Boston imprint, based upon an English book of the same name, 
entitled The young secretary's guide : or, a speedy help to learn- 
ing. In two parts. With a dictionary added . . . Also an 
appendix. Collected by B. W. Boston, N. E. Printed by B. 
Green, for Nicholas Buttolph ... 1 708. 

A note to the reader contains this statement, "It's thought 
good to make a collection of such presidents (sic) as are most in 
use among us here in New England and to fit them ... to the 
circumstances of this country." It has been suggested that B. 
W. was Benjamin Wadsworth, president of Harvard College. 

Another interesting acquisition was a small worn pamphlet 
lacking the lower halves of three leaves, with a continuous pagi- 
nation which stopped with page 42. This was identified as an 
incomplete copy of "Good fetch'd out of evil" (Boston, 1706) 
by Cotton Mather, containing his comments on the Deerfield 
massacre and incorporating a pastoral letter from the Reverend 
John Williams, then in captivity, addressed to his departing 
companions, dated May 28, 1 706. Furthermore, it was found 


that a fragment of this pamphlet was contained in the Prince 
Library and that the fragment consisted of pages 23 to 26 and 
the necessary concluding pages 43 to 46 "finis." This happy 
junction resulted in a nearly complete copy of a Mather pam- 
phlet of which only one other (and that imperfect) is known, 
in the Library of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association 
at Deerfield. 

Among the books currently published the most attractive in 
form and costly in price are those which are needed to extend 
the collections of architecture, painting, landscape gardening, 
and book illustration. The Codman Collection of Landscape 
Architecture and Landscape Gardening is the only one of these 
divisions which has a special sustaining fund, generously given 
by the family whose name it bears, to insure the purchase of 
books needed for its development. 

For the fine arts the purchases are governed by the money 
that can be spared from limited funds, a sum which might well 
be doubled or trebled to keep pace with the mounting cost of 
book production, and the appreciating value of older works of 
note. The following selected titles show some of the important 
additions made to the Special Libraries during the year. 

Ashton, Leigh. An introduction to the study of Chinese sculpture. 
London. 1 924. Plates. 

Benedite, Leonce. A series of 60 photogravure plates. London. 1924. 

Benson, Arthur Christopher & Sir Lawrence Weaver, editors. The 
book of the Queen's Dolls' House. 2 v. London. 1 924. Col- 
ored portraits. Tliis house was made for Queen Mary of England. 

Bossert, Helmuth Theodor, editor. Two thousand decorative motifs 
in colour, forming a survey of the applied art of all ages and all 
countries. London. 1 924. Colored plates. 

Brown, Louise Norton. Block printing & book illustration in Japan. 
London. 1 924. Plates. 

Crisp, Sir Frank. Mediaeval gardens. 'Flowery Medes' and other ar- 
rangements of herbs, flowers and shrubs grown in the Middle Ages, 
with some account of Tudor, Elizabethan and Stuart gardens. 2 v. 
London. 1924. Plates. 

Drinkwater, John. Claud Lovat Eraser. By John Drinkwater and 
Albert Rutherston. With representative examples of his work re- 
produced in collotype and line. London. 1 923. Portrait. Plates. 

Eisen, Gustav August. The great chalice of Antioch, on which are 


depicted in sculpture the earliest known portraits of Christ, Apostles 
and Evangelists. 2 v. New York. 1923. Plates. 

Feuillet, Raoul Auger. Recueil de dances contenant un tres grand nom- 
bres (sic) des meillieures entrees de ballet de Mr. Pecour, tant pour 
homme que pour femmes, dont la plus grande partie ont ete dancees 
a rOpera. A Paris. 1 704. Music. Engraved throughout. For 
the Allen A. Brown Library. 

Jessen, Peter. P.ococo engravings. Two hundred plates of the eigh- 
teenth century selected by Dr. Peter Jessen and reproduced in 
collotype. London. 1922. 

Kendrick, Albert, and C. E. C. Tattersall. Fine carpets in the Victoria 
& Albert Museum. Twenty examples, reproduced for the first 
time in colour, of old carpets from Persia, India, Caucasia, Ar- 
menia, Turkey, China, Spain and England. London. 1924. 
Illus. Colored plates. 

Koop, Albert J. Early Chinese bronzes. London. 1 924. Plates. 

Meier-Graefe, Julius A. Cezanne und seine Ahnen. Faksimiles nach 
Aquarellen, Feder- und anderen Zeichnungen von Tintoretto, Greco, 
Poussin, Corot, Delacroix, Cezanne. Munchen. 1921. Plates. 

Millais, John Guille. Rhododendrons . . . and the various hybrids. 
Second series. London. [1924.] Plates. 

Nevill, Ralph Henry. Old French line engravings. London. 1924. 

Rackham, Bernard, and Herbert Read. English pottery: its develop- 
ment from early times to the end of the eighteenth century. Lon- 
don. 1924. Plates. 

Watts, William Whitehead. Old English silver. London. 1924. 

Westlake, Herbert Francis. Westminster Abbey, the church, convent, 
cathedral and college of St. Peter, Westminster. London. 1923. 
2 V. Illus. Plates. Plans. Ornamental initials, 

Williams, P. H. Oakley, editor. Selections from the work of P. A. de 
Laszlo represented by a selection of 64 of his portraits in photo- 
gravure. London. 1923. Portraits. 

Other notewortliy acquisitions include: 

Bishop Harsnett's Declaration of egregious Popish impostures to with- 
draw the harts of his maiestie's subiects from their allegeance. Lon- 
don. 1604. (Secured at the Britwell Sale.) 

A first edition of James Hodder's Arithmetick ; or that necessary art made 
most easie. London. 1661. (From the Britwell Sale for the 
Bowditch Library.) 

John Marbeck's A book of notes and common-places, with their exposi- 
tions . . . London. 1581. (From the Britwell Sale) 


Thomas Dilworth's A new guide to the Enghsh tongue. Boston. 1 783. 

The Player's Shakespeare in 4 volumes, London, 1923—24, a literal re- 
print of the First Folio of 1623, illustrated in color by artists asso- 
ciated with the modern stage. 

An issue of the Bibliophile Society, Dickens in cartoon and caricature, 
compiled by William Glyde Wilkins, with portraits and plates. 

A portrait of George Washington, engraved by Timothy Cole from the 
painting by Wilford Seymour Conrow, Boston, 1924; William 
Cullen Bryant's copy of Longfellow's Poems, published in Liverpool, 
in 1850 and a first issue of the first edition of the Manuel de pro- 
verbes dramatiques, Portland, 1850. (For the Artz Collection.) 

An autograph letter of three pages signed by the late President Wilson 
addressed to his brother-in-law, Stockton Axson, dated Princeton, 
July 20, 1 892, accompanying a note of introduction to Judge Cham- 
berlain, the Chief Librarian of the "Boston Public". The letter to 
Mr. Axson concludes with the words "In a tired man's haste but 
with the freshest possible affection. Your affectionate brother, 
Woodrow Wilson." 

A collection of Early American books for children, pubhshed chiefly in 
Boston, 1815 to 1850, and a collection covering about the sam.e 
period published in London. 

John Florio's Second fruytes . . . London, 1591, which contains 
"Phaeton to his friend Florio," believed to be Shakespeare's first 
printed correspondence. 

The older books instanced extend, volume by volume, some 
of the rare collections v^^hich the Library has acquired by gift 
and by purchase. Indeed all the rare and costly books in the 
possession of the Library may be said to be gifts, since the funds 
from which they are bought were all either gifts or bequests. 

Very many of these books could not be matched today for 
ten times their original cost, and while it is a pleasure to know 
that the Library possesses collections of great value and interest, 
much coveted material which would still further enrich their 
content lies beyond the present means of the institution to secure. 

Arrangements have been made during the fiscal year with the 
Reference Service on International Affairs, of the American 
Library in Paris, to send current material of special or general 
interest, issued by foreign governments, which is not easily 
procurable. This service might be widely extended to add 
desirable material to the Department of Documents and 



During the year 12,1 19 volumes and 22,121 issues of serials 
were received by gift from 7,105 givers. In addition, 50 news- 
paper subscriptions were received m contmuation, 1 67 photo- 
graphs, 59 maps, 1 medalHon and 219 travel posters. Besides 
these gifts, which were recorded in the Ordering Department, 
the Information Room reports 450 annuals received, chiefly 
school and college catalogues and government publications, and 
1 ,200 serials. These consist mainly of duplicate material for 
current use in the Room. 

There were also received two gifts of money from the follow- 
ing sources: Under the will of the late David P. Kimball, of 
Boston, a legacy of $10,000, the income to be applied to the 
purchase of books in accordance with the terms of the bequest; 
under the will of the late Isabella Stewart Gardner, a bequest 
of $5,000, "for the Brown Musical Library in the Boston Pub- 
lic Library for a memorial to B. J. Lang." 

Other gifts of interest are noted as follows: From Mr. George 
Carroll Curtis, six geography models, true scale reliefs 9" X 9", 
representing the form of the earth's surface, for use in connection 
with school work; from Mr. A. E. Baranger of Los Angeles, 
a miniature log cabin with the plastic figures of Priscilla and 
John Alden used in the Charles Ray Motion Pictures; from 
William Filene Sons Company, sixty-one mounted photographs, 
14" X 16", which were exhibited at the William Filene Sons 
Comxpany's store during New England week, Sept. 1 5th to 20th, 
1924, and included 43 portraits of men and women "of New 
England fam.e"; from the Columbia Phonograph Company, for 
the Allen A. Brown Music Library, four volumes of their Mas- 
terworks Fine Arts Series, comprising complete recordings of 
Beethoven's Seventh and Eighth Symphonies, Haydn's Quartet 
in D Pvlaior and Mozart's Quartet in C Major; from the Mas- 
sachusetts Federation of Music Clubs, through Miss Alice 
Hutchinson, forty-two pieces of music (published works), con- 
tributed by the composers, Clara Kathleen Rogers, Margaret 
Ruthven Lang, and Henry F. Gilbert, for circulation in Massa- 


chusetts, and for the Allen A. Brown Music Library a manu- 
script score of "In the Mountains" by Arthur Foote, and the 
manuscript of Three Pieces for flute, harp and string quartet by 
Daniel Gregory Mason; from Mr, James W. Kenney, a photo- 
graph of Sichel's Madonna in a hand-carved frame, 48" X 37", 
for the North End Branch; from the Chicago, North Shore and 
Milwaukee Railroad Company, the London and Northeastern 
Railway, the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, and the 
South Manchuria Railway Company some 60 attractive colored 
posters, among the mone by Frank Brangwyn. 

In addition to the foregoing, there will be found on pages 72- 
78 of the Appendix a list of books of individual importance and 
collections of books under the names of the givers. 


On February 1 , 1 924, there were 1 1 7, 1 1 9 "live" cards, that 
is, registered cards available for present use. During the year 
just closed 31 ,726 new registrations, and 31 ,365 renewals, mak- 
ing a total of 63, 091 cards, have been added through the Central 
Library and branches. There have been 56,216 borrowers 
who have allowed their home use privilege to lapse, thus leaving 
a total of 123,994 "live cards" on February 1, 1925; a gain 
of 6,875 over last year. The gain in registered "live cards" for 
a five year period has been 21 ,603. 

There had been in all 9,023 cards issued to teachers prior to 
February 1, 1925. Of this number 1,152 have been renewed 
and 409 added during the year, making a total of 1 ,561 teach- 
ers' cards in use compared with 1,275 in 1923-24. 

Of the 3,562 special privilege cards which had been issued 
up to February 1, 1925, there were 276 renewals and 153 new 
cards granted during the year, making a total of 429 special 
privilege cards in use compared with 404 in 1923—24. 

The Department has maintained its efficiency in crowded and 
inconvenient quarters. As soon as funds permit, provision must 
be made, as pointed out last year, for the care of the records 
which have outgrown their present quarters. 



The number of volumes and parts of volumes catalogued dur- 
ing the year 1924-25 was 101,128, representing 73,820 titles. 
Of these 24,135 were books new to the Library; 4,685 were 
new serials; 19,007 were works recatalogued; and 53,301 
were books for the branches. The cataloguing of the books for 
the branches was done in the Central Branch Department, but 
the figures are included here to show the total volume of the work 
in this line. 

The number of cards printed during the year was 219,546, 
of which 1 88,328 were added to the catalogues of the Central 
Library, and 3 1 ,2 1 8 were sent to the branches. Of the cards 
filed in the Central Library 54,857 were placed in the Bates 
Hall and Issue Department catalogues; 56,504 in the Official 
catalogues; and 24,814 in the catalogues of the Special Li- 
braries. Also 52,153 were sent to the Library of Congress and 
Harvard College Library, and to the compilers of various lists 
now in process of making, and prmted cards for all new books 
were set aside as copy for the Monthh Bulletin. Under the 
new "rush" system, titles of new bound books were filed in the 
catalogues the day after their shelf-numbers were assigned. 

Some falling off from last year in the number of cards printed 
(although the number of two years ago is still exceeded) is 
due to the process of reconditioning the Printing Department. 
Several large subdivisions are in process of recataloguing and 
reclassification, especially in the fields of United States history 
and science. Notice should also be made of the work done in 
response to various requests for aid from other libraries and from 
individuals, of '.vhich no definite record can be shown. 

1 he Department continues to be handicapped by vacancies 
in several positions v/hich are difficult to fill, as they require ex- 
perts, Vvho are not attracted by the salaries that can be offered. 
These vacancies have been partially balanced by the employ- 
ment of several temporary and part-time assistants. 

The completion of Stacks 5 and 6 of the Annex late in the 
year 1923 permitted a readjustment of the general collection of 


books, which for a number of years had been overcrowded and 
subjected to unrelated changes. The Shelf Division, during the 
year just completed, has arranged the entire collection among the 
stacks, carefully plotting each shelf to secure an equitable division 
of space among the class groups. 

The usual details relating to the work of the Catalogue and 
Shelf Department may be found on pages 66-68 of the Appen- 


At the end of 1923 the Quarterly Bulletin and the Weekly 
List of New Books, which had been begun in 1 908, were dis- 
continued, and in their place there has been issued monthly 
during 1924, a Bulletin of Recent BooI^s. This list is restricted 
to the titles of books which are believed to be of popular interest 
and which circulate without restriction. The dictionary ar- 
rangement of the Quarterly Bulletin, with entries under author, 
title and subject, has been continued. Twelve numbers, of 2,075 
copies each, were published. 

Other library publications of the year included the following: 

Ten-Book Lists, nos. 105-109. Complete sets of these lists 
have also been assembled and bound, with title-page, subject 
index and lists of issues, giving names of the compilers, and placed 
on file in every department of the Central Library and in all the 

Brief Reading Lists, nos. 14 (3d edition), 25-31. The 
subjects were as follows: No. 14 (3d edition), one-act plays in 
English, 1900-1923, compiled by Michael J. Conroy, of the 
Bates Hall Reference Desk; no. 25 (Supplement), Health 
and Hygiene, prepared in connection with the New England 
Health Institute, May 4-10, 1924, by L. E. Taylor, of the 
Catalogue Department; no. 27, some Useful Reference Books 
of 1923, compiled by Frank H. Chase, Reference Librarian, in 
connection with his address at the January meeting of the Mas- 
sachusetts Library Club; no. 28, Landmarks in Music, Boston, 
1630 — 1924, prepared in connection with Boston Music Week, 
May 4-10, 1924, by Richard G. Appel; no. 29, Advertising, 


compiled by Pierce E. Buckley, Custodian, Bates Hall Centre 
Desk; no. 30, (in press) ; no. 31, Operas; a Selected List of 
Scores, Librettos and Related Works, compiled by Richard G. 
Appel, of the Music Division. 

In connection with the film-play, "The Ten Commandments," 
there was issued a short list of books on Egypt; its past civiliza- 
tion and present state, prepared by Mary A. Tenney, of the 
Catalogue Department. 

A third edition was issued of Graded Lists of Books for Chil- 
dren's Reading, Grades III and IV, compiled by Alice M. 
Jordan, Supervisor of Work with Children. 

There was also reprinted a list entitled Fifty Educational 
Books of 1923, prepared by the Youngstown, O., Public Li- 
brary, for the American Library Association. 

Lists for Branch Use, prepared in the Branch Department, 
have been issued as follows: no. I, One Hundred Books of 
Travel; no. 2, One Hundred Biographies; no. 3, Gardens 
and Gardening; no. 4, Guides to Reading; no. 4a, West Rox- 
bury Book Review List; no. 5, Fifty Italian Books; no. 6, Citi- 
zenship List; no. 7, Modern Plays; no. 8, Recent Verse. 

Librar]) Life, the Staff Bulletin of the Library, published on 
the 1 5th of each month, the summer months excepted, entered 
upon its fourth year in October, with a reorganized staff of ten 
members, all of whom share in the collection and reporting of 
news, the preparation of copy, the reading of proof and the final 
make-up for publication, and one of whom is in turn Editor-in- 
Charge for each monthly issue. 

The plan has been wholly successful and the paper has gained 
in liveliness and variety of interest; it is this year proving more 
useful than ever as a medium of expression for the life of the 

In connection with the course of lectures on the programs of 
the Boston Symphony Orchestra, planned by Mr. Appel of the 
Music Division in co-operation with the Extension Division of the 
State Board of Education, a program and reading list was is- 
sued for each lecture, which gave, with the program for the en- 
suing concert, a list of scores and works about the composers and 
their music in the possession of the Library. There were also 


included lists of the existing recordings of music to be given, many 
of the records being used to illustrate the lectures. 

It is noted with pleasure that the recording companies have pre- 
sented to the Librar}/^ such records, together with a number of 
other classic recordings, thus forming a basis of an unusual and 
valuable collection. The acceptance of these gifts — of the 
continuance of which we have the promise — carries an obliga- 
tion to provide means whereby the records may be made available 
for individual study in the Music Division, as well as for illus- 
tration in the Lecture Hall. Recent and pending advances in 
reproductive methods give ground for hope that in the near future 
it will be possible to arrange for this in a manner entirely free 
from annoyance to other users of the Brown Collection. It is 
to be hoped that some music lover may be found who will appre- 
ciate these possibilities and enable the Library further to enhance 
the usefulness of Mr. Brown's noble gift. 

A Guide to Serial Publications founded prior to 1918 and 
now or recently current in Boston, Cambridge and vicinity, com- 
piled and edited by Thomas Johnston Homer; Part III, pages 
192-288, Esp.-Int. inclusive, 1050 copies. Eighty-five libra- 
ries are represented, and Part III contains main entries from 3953 
to 5797. Half of Part IV is in proof. The remaining material 
will be printed as soon and as continuously as it is possible for the 
copy to be prepared, but it is, meanwhile, accessible for use in the 
Barton Gallery of the Central Library. 

Opportunities for Adult Education in Greater Boston. A 
list of free public lectures and public educational courses offered 
during the year 1924-25. 


The main reference hall continues to be the busiest workroom 
in the Central Library. The total number of volumes from the 
various collections consulted in Bates Hall was 248,552, an in- 
crease of 393 over last year. These figures relate only to the 
use of books sent to Bates Hall from the stacks, for which call- 
slips Vv^ere filed. No account can be kept of the use of the 


large reference collection, numbering over 1 0,000 volumes, sur- 
rounding the walls of the hall itself. 

The service of the Information OfRce has relieved Bates Hall 
irom the stream of those who merely want to look up a single 
fact, but the absence of these inquirers is more than made up by 
the increasing number of students making use of the room for 
their own purposes, many of whom do not call for library books. 
Most of these students are quiet and can be accommodated, but 
the law students often become so boisterous in discussing the 
cases which they are studying that strong measures are sometimes 
necessary to muffle them. The presence of these students has 
had the effect of driving many persons who wish to study with- 
out interruption to the Barton Library. Following in the path 
into which other libraries have been forced, it may become neces- 
sary for this Library to exclude certain classes of students from 
Bates Hall, at least in the evening and on Sunday. 

During the second week in January, for a considerable part 
of two days, there was standing room only in Bates Hall. The 
reference books proved to be such a m.agnet to those who were 
seeking the solutions to prize crossword puzzles that at one time 
432 persons were counted in the room, although it has chairs 
for only 3 1 0. Those who could not find seats, all converted for 
the moment into earnest students, were clustered in swarms about 
the walls like bees in a flower-garden. There was a quiet buzz- 
ing, but no disorder. This earnestness was very destructive to 
the reference books and cost the Library three copies of Web- 
ster's "International Dictionary," to say nothing of extensive 
bindery repairs. 

The correspondence of the Reference Department was un- 
usually large during the year. Seven hundred and thirty-eight 
inquiries were received by mail and answered; of these sixty- 
nine came from the city of Boston, two hundred and eight from 
Massachusetts, and thirty from foreign countries, with England 
leading. Through many of these letters the work of the Library 
in adult education is extended over a wide field. 

There have been four hundred and eighty-six changes in the 
reference collection during the year; one hundred and sixty-four 
new titles have been added and forty-six books have been re- 


turned to the stacks as no longer useful. The losses of the year 
from the Hall have been larger than usual, amounting to two 
hundred and thirty-three volumes. The recovery of nine books 
missing in former years brings the net loss down to two hundred 
and twenty-four. 

It is a pleasure to note the constructive work for the improve- 
ment of the card catalogue which is bemg carried on by the 
Card Division. The service of the Hall has, on the other hand, 
been impaired by the serious breakdown of the machinery in the 
stacks, which has caused unusual delay in the delivery of books. 
Readers have been patient and it is expected that the situation 
will soon begin to improve. 

Conditions at the public catalogue are at present very crowded 
at certain seasons of the year. The substitution of high tables, 
at which users of the catalogue would stand, for the present form 
of table which is very wasteful of space, would help in relieving 
the congestion. Twice as many persons could use the catalogue 
if this change were made. 


The number of papers now regularly filed in the Newspaper 
Room is 276. During the past year seven papers have been 
added to the list and two have either ceased publication or have 
been consolidated with other papers. The bound volumes now 
number 8,995, an increase of 135 volumes smce the last report. 
The newspaper files are constantly in use; 18,589 persons con- 
sulted 34,057 of the volumes of newspapers during the year, 
as compared with 18,654 persons who used 33,534 volumes 
during the preceding year. The files of many of the eighteenth 
century newspapers have been enlarged by photostat copies ac- 
quired from the Massachusetts Historical Society. Through 
the generosity of Mr. Franklin F. Rondy, of Boston, it was 
possible to complete the Library's file of the Boston Globe. 

The total number of volumes in the patent collection now 
numbers 17,551, the increase for the year being 775 volumes. 
The countries represented in the accessions were the United 
States, Great Britain, France, Canada, Australia and New 


Zealand. Negotiations have been opened with the German 
Patent Office to complete the Library's file of the Patentschrif- 
ten, the receipt of which ceased in 1914. The recorded number 
of persons using the files of patents during the year was 18,495, 
as compared with 1 8, 1 63 durmg the preceding year. The num- 
ber of volumes consulted was 110,633, as compared with 
107,868 volumes the year previous. 


The ready reference material of the Information Office con- 
tinues to assist an increasing public. Tourists make use of the 
directories and telephone books; business men consult the cur- 
rent-events file and the Chamber of Commerce reports, for the 
business growth of other cities; those uncertain where to spend 
a vacation pore over the travel folders. In addition, informa- 
tion agencies mamtained by banks, department stores and other 
institutions constantly refer inquiries to the Library. 

Over a thousand clippmgs and pamphlets have been added 
during the year to the Vocational Information file, the basis of 
which is four hundred school and college catalogues. A dupli- 
cate set of the catalogues, arranged alphabetically by states, is 
kept on the shelves of the Information Office. Frequent re- 
quests are made for the following : art, secretarial work, business 
administration, accounting, opportunities for the handicapped, 
lists of employment agencies and material about evening and ex- 
tension courses. 

The United States Tariff Commission Reports and the Farm- 
ers' Bulletins are among the most popular of the government 
documents. Last year, in addition to the adult users, many 
school children consulted government material for debates on 
immigration, child labor, etc. 

There has been a substantial increase in the circulation of the 
Open Shelf Room. Readers are encouraged to return Open 
Shelf Room books to the department, thus avoiding delay in 
getting them back into circulation. The taste of the public is 
carefully studied and all manner of alluring titles are set out to 


tempt visitors. Memoirs, travel and plays are most popular, 
though every division has its adherents. The foreign fiction is 
eagerly sought. Recently several teachers in the high schools 
and colleges around Boston have recommended the collection of 
essays and plays to their pupils as "book report" reading. Re- 
tired professional men of the neighborhood use the books con- 
stantly. Housewives, who have little time for browsing in li- 
braries, delight in the quick service of the Open Shelf Room. 

The courtyard library service during lunch hours was an 
interesting and successful experiment last summer, and while it 
did not materially increase circulation, it pleased many people 
and justifies further trial. The chairs in the courtyard were 
invariably occupied by interested readers putting a portion of 
their lunch-hour time to good advantage. 


The figures for the year just closed show a gain in attendance 
and in the use of the bound and unbound numbers of the periodi- 
cals. The growth in use has been normal and consistent for a 
long period of years. If the rooms v/ere larger and were 
equipped with more modern and convenient furniture there is 
no doubt that much greater use would be made of their facilities. 
The interest in the use of periodical literature is manifested by a 
comparison of material used in 1 900 and 1 924. 

Periodicals used during 1900. Bound 17,267; unbound 
16,409. Total 33,676. 

Periodicals used during 1 924. Bound 49,3 1 5 ; unbound 
57,943. Total 107,258. 

The aggregate number of persons making use of the room at 
certain hours in each of two successive years, and the number 
reported fxve years ago, are as follows : 





12 2 

M. P.M. 










1 5,233 

14,726 22,653 
17,416 29,172 
18,526 32,162 


20,61 7 




The use of bound and unbound periodicals shows the follow- 
ing increase over last year : 


Bound volumes consulted during the year. 1923-1924 1924-1925 

Day time (week-days) 46,724 49,315 

Evening and Sunday 19,843 20.762 


Unbound periodicals consulted during the year: I923-I924 1924-1925 

Day time (week-days) 55,516 57,943 

Evening and Sunday 24,572 25,882 

The current periodicals, exclusive of those issued by the State 
and Federal governments, regularly filed for readers in the 
Periodical Rooms, number 1 ,226. In addition there are filed 
for use by readers in other departments 269 current periodicals 
especially relating to the fields covered by those departments, 
as follows: 

Fine Arts Division and Music Room ........ 135 

Teachers' Reference and Children's Room ....... 58 

Statistical Department ........... 49 

Ordering Department ........... 27 

Periodical Rooms ........... 1 ,226 

Total number of current periodicals ........ 1,495 


The Special Libraries include all the collections housed on 
the third floor of the Central Building, and comprise the follow- 
ing divisions : 

Fine Arts Division. Books, plates, pamphlets and periodi- 
cals on the fine arts, including architecture and city planning, 
sculpture, painting, graphic arts, and the art crafts; the Codman 
collection on landscape architecture ; material on pageants ; and 
the Library's main collection of photographs, prints, art clippings 
and lantern slides. 

Technolog'^ Division. Books on technology, including en- 
gineering in all its branches, manufactures, applied sciences, and 
works in the fields of pure physics and chemistry added since 
1 922 ; also the bound files of technical periodicals. 


Music Division. The Allen A, Brown reference collection 
of music and literature of music; also a large collection of music 
for home use, musical and dramatic periodicals, indexes and 

Barton -Ticknor Division. Twenty-three special collections 
restricted to use within the building, including Americana, Anti- 
Slavery and Civil War material, books on dramatic history, 
incunabula and publications of famous presses, works on mathe- 
matics, Shakespeariana, Spanish literature, books illustrating 
women's activities, etc. The Library's large collection of maps 
and the map catalogue are also to be found in this division. 

Important changes in the arrangement of the Special Libraries 
are under consideration. There is great need of a large closed 
room in which to bring together the rarer books from all parts 
of the Library. The work of the Music Division is sadly ham- 
pered by the congested state of its present room and the necessity 
of shelving the circulating music in alcoves a long way off from 
the music room. The reading room for fine arts and technology 
is overcrowded and alcove space is immediately needed for en- 
larged open-shelf collections in these classes. Many more cabi- 
nets are needed for oversize books, portfolios, art photographs, 
and process prints for school circulation. 

Any adequate rearrangement of the Special Libraries floor is 
conditional upon an enlargement of the building, furnishing 
added space for the storage of cabinets. Failing this, it will be 
necessary to sacrifice a considerable part of the West Gallery, 
space now devoted to art-school students, conferences and other 
special library services. 

The Fine Arts Division has continued to build up its great 
collection, purchasing practically all the recent art books of any 
real value in any of the major languages and a considerable 
proportion of the very numerous collections of art reproductions 
issued in portfolio form. All of these accessions have been class- 
catalogued and shelf-listed, as described in previous reports. 
In the field of architecture the collection is one of the best 
in the world and the fulness of the collections in all art subjects 
puts the Fine Arts Division in the first rank of art libraries any- 


The Technology Division has maintained and improved all of 
the reference tools mentioned in the last report, but no large 
amount of new constructive work has been undertaken, because 
illness deprived the division of an assistant during several of the 
busiest months. Eight years of expert and systematized book 
selection and replacement, supplemented by scientific shelf clas- 
sification and analytic class-cataloguing, have made this division 
a working collection of unique and increasing usefulness to 
workers and students throughout Greater Boston. 

The Music Division received during the year a bequest of 
$5,000 from the late Isabella Stewart Gardner, a collection of 
music by Massachusetts composers from the Massachusetts Fed- 
eration of Music Clubs, and a collection of phonograph records 
from the Columbia Phonograph Company. The most impor- 
tant activity of the Assistant-in-charge, Mr. Appel, during the 
year has been a series of public lectures and piano recitals on 
the weekly programs of music of the Boston Symphony Orches- 
tra, held in co-operation with the Extension Division of the 
State Board of Education, in the library lecture hall. Five 
exhibitions of music were arranged by the Division. 

The Barton -Ticknor Division housing the Special Collections 
of the Library has drawn public attention to its treasures by a 
series of monthly exhibitions of manuscripts and rare editions of 
famous authors. For most of these exhibitions, the Assistant- 
in-charge, Dr. Haraszti, prepared critical descriptions which 
were published in Boston papers. 

From February 1, 1924, to February 1, 1925, the depart- 
ment put on view fifty exhibitions. Of this number twenty-two 
were of books in the possession of the Library. Fifteen were 
loan exhibitions, only two of them consisting of books. 

1 he number of books issued for home use from the Special 
Libraries during the year was 22,836, compared with 23,121 in 
1923—1924. The circulation of the first eight months of the 
fiscal year showed an increase of two per cent over the same period 
in 1923—24. A decrease of seven per cent in the last four 
months as compared with the same period of the preceding year, 
is due to the breakdown of the book-carrier system and accounts 
for one and one-quarter per cent loss for the year. 


During the year, 28,921 pictures and 5,746 lantern slides 
were issued for use outside the Library. The use of lantern 
slides shows a gain of three per cent over that of the preceding 
fiscal year. No comparison can be made for picture circulation 
figures, because in former years picture issue was estimated, not 
counted. The total number of photographs and process. prints 
now available for study or circulation is estimated at 69,475, 
that of lantern slides, at 1 1,085. 


The Library records show a direct home circulation of 
1,402,015 children's books during the year, from the Central 
Library and branches, a gain of 81 ,738 volumes over 1923—24. 
Circulation of books issued to schools through the branches and 
the Central Deposit Collection is reported as 312,217, making 
a total circulation of 1,714,232 volumes classed as juvenile. 
While some of these books may have been issued to adults, the 
number is far more than offset by the known use by children of 
books on the adult classification. The percentage of juvenile 
circulation touches its highest point at the North End Branch, 
where it reaches 87.6 per cent, and its lowest, with 33 per cent, 
at West Roxbury, where the adult m.embers of the community 
make extensive use of the public library resources. In 2 1 of the 
31 branches the juvenile circulation is over 50 per cent of the 
total. In only two branches does it fall below 45 per cent. 

The purchase of books to supply juvenile demands was gen- 
erous, in relation to the entire appropriation for books. The 
number of juvenile books purchased was 33,850, at a cost of 
$38,862.73. School demands for classroom deposits constitute 
a heavy drain upon the book stock of certain of the branch 
libraries. In one branch the circulation to schools reached 
26,588 volumes, and in another 1 9,326 volumes. The question 
may well be asked whether the branch libraries can lend so many 
books on deposit and at the same time satisfactorily fill the needs 
of the children applying for books at the branch library buildings. 
The Supervisor of Work with Children has had the assistance of 
a committee composed of two branch librarians and the Chil- 


dren's Librarian at tlie Central Library in the selection of new 
titles for purchase. 

The use of juvenile books has been strengthened during the 
3'ear by more personal service to the children who frequent dif- 
ferent libraries. There has been a growing effort to know chil- 
dren b}'^ name and to establish better acquaintance with them, 
resulting m a more intelligent use of books, m increased sense of 
the friendly spirit of the library staff, and consequently more 
orderly conduct. 

The Supervisor reports that while organized service to chil- 
dren in the branch libraries is still inchoate, since the institution 
is not able to attract trained children's librarians, the first defi- 
nite step urged in her report of last year has been taken, namely : 
the adoption of a policy working toward the appointment of a 
competent children's librarian in each major branch. 

The appointment of a suitably qualified children's librarian at 
the North End Branch during the year was a specially fortunate 
move, since over 87 per cent of the work there is with children, 
as has been stated, and since at times every member of the force 
is engaged in supplying their demands. The special worker 
brought to her position a trained and sympathetic understanding 
of children, an appreciation of literature and a strong sense of the 
social function of a library. In several other branches assistants 
especially suitable but not yet fully qualified as children's libra- 
rians have been added to the staff, to the noticeable advantage 
of the Library in each case. 

Classes in children's literature have been regularly held for 
the benefit of untrained members of the library staff, upon whom 
falls the task of helping in children's rooms. Twenty assistants 
have received this instruction from the Supervisor and have shown 
ability to apply the lessons for the guidance and direction of 

The year in the Children's Department has been marked by a 
fine spirit of co-operation and loyalty on the part of the staff and 
by a growing perception of the aims and purpose of work with 
children as a v/hole. 

Children s Rooms. The Children's Room at the Central Li- 
brary has been greatly improved in appearance by painting and 


by the removal of one of the circular stairways, which gave 
room for additional bookcases. It is now possible to place cer- 
tain useful books close to the chargmg desk and to provide several 
cases of books for readers of mtermediate school age, who 
often need the same guidance as the younger children. 

Physical conditions have been improved at the Upham's Cor- 
ner Branch, by the removal of the Children's Room from the 
unsatisfactory quarters in the ward room to the long unused 
swimming tank in the basement. This forms, in fact, a novel 
children's reading room. Lighting, ventilation and space are 
more abundantly provided than under the old arrangement and 
the disposition of the floor space permits better control of the 
children. Among the major branches the crowding of the 
Children's Room at South Boston is most serious, making any 
extension of the work there out of the question. As that part 
of the city affords great opportunities for growth, it is unfortu- 
nate that there seems to be no immediate prospect of a new inde- 
pendent library building. 

Stor'^ Hour. Library story hours were held at 66 different 
places in the course of the year, the largest number of points 
yet touched in this way. The Supervisor reports that the work 
was planned on the same line as in other years, and that it met 
with the same response from children, librarians and teachers. 
That the stories have served to introduce to children books that 
they might not otherwise read is evident from the letter of one 
little girl, who writes as follows: "The nicest part about her 
stories is that they were just the stories we have seen again and 
again on the library shelves and never taken them out." Ap- 
preciation of the story telling in the schools has been expressed 
by many teachers and principals who open their doors at all times 
to the story tellers with a ready welcome and an assurance of 
hearty belief in this method of introducing books to children. 

Summer visits to the Museum of Fine Arts, which are always 
fruitful in promoting friendships, were made by many of the 
children in charge of branch librarians. These events are made 
possible each year by invitation of the Museum, and are eagerly 
anticipated by those who have experienced the pleasure of previ- 
ous trips. 


Teachers' Room. This room grows increasingly to deserve 
its name. It serves not only a growling number of Boston teach- 
ers but many who come from outside the Metropolitan area for 
the Saturday-morning courses given in the different colleges. 
The shifting of emphasis on various educational methods shows 
the trend of current thought. The "Project Method" as a vital 
subject has given way to "Platoon Schools," to the "Dalton 
Plan" and to the "Junior High School." Material on educa- 
tional measurements is in constant demand. 

Publications. In addition to a third revision and expansion 
of the "Graded List for Boys and Girls," made in the autumn, 
the Children's Department contributed bibliographical work on 
two school lists, "A Course in Citizenship" and "Boston Read- 
ing Lists," School documents Nos. 10 and I I for 1924, in both 
of which obligations to the Library are acknowledged by the 
compilers. Material progress has been made toward the com- 
pletion of an "Approved List of Children's Books for Purchase 
in the Central Library and Branches." 

Children s Book Weel^. Special exhibits of books and pic- 
tures, and addresses before different audiences marked this an- 
nual occasion. The Supervisor of Work with Children gave 
addresses as usual during the year, among which was the first 
radio talk aimed to give larger library publicity. It is noted 
as the entrance upon a new field of library work, one capable 
of great expansion. 

Co-operation with Children's Museum. Exhibits of interest- 
ing and attractive material from the Children's Museum have 
been held at the Central Library and at the Tyler Street, South 
End and North End Branches during the year. The service 
is unfortunately limited because of the necessity of providing 
glass cases to house the various exhibits. 


The total interior floor space devoted to library uses in the 
thirty-one branches amounts to about 3'/4 acres. Of these 
branches, 1 are in municipal buildings, I 3 occupy rented quar- 


ters and 8 have buildings owned by the Library. Entire build- 
ings are occupied by 1 1 of the branches. 

The subsidiary agencies served through the Branch Depart- 
ment include 58 fire-engine houses, 42 institutions of various 
types, and 1 99 schools, of which 1 3 are parochial schools. The 
total number of agencies through which the Library serves the 
public is 330, as compared with 320 a year ago. The number 
of volumes issued on borrowers' cards from the Central Libra- 
ry through the Branch Department was 1 1 7,089, as against 
1 07,250 in 1 923-24, and 1 1 1 ,070 in 1 922-23. These figures 
show a gain of 9,839 volumes issued during last year as com- 
pared with the year previous. The proportion of unsuccessful 
calls for books was 5 1 .5 per cent, the same as the year before. 
Of the total unsuccessful requests 57,256 were calls for fiction, 
as against 52,640 last year. Of the total number of volumes sent 
out from the Central Library through the branches 91 ,335 were 
taken directly from the shelves of the Branch Deposit Collection. 

The total circulation of the Branch System for the fiscal year 
was 2,798,006 volumes, including books received from the Cen- 
tral Library, compared with 2,594,033 the year before, a gain 
in circulation of 203,973 volumes. Twenty-seven branches 
gained and four lost in circulation. The greatest gains were at 
Mattapan, Andrew Square, Warren Street, South Boston, Dor- 
chester, Jeffries Point and Orient Heights; the losses were at 
Upham's Corner, Parker Hill, Tyler Street and Charlestown. 

The number of volumes sent out from the Central Library on 
deposit to schools, institutions and other agencies was 46,414, 
as against 42,230 last year and 45,286 in 1 922—23. The num- 
ber of volumes sent to schools from the Central Library and 
branches was 59,2 1 6, compared with 60,91 3 last year. Of this 
number 19,393 were sent from the Branch Issue Division, Cen- 
tral Library, as compared with 1 7,392 the year before. The 
number of books issued on deposit from the branch libraries, 
chiefly to schools, was 39,823, compared with 43,521 the year 
before. The number of mdividual teachers supplied was 1 ,312, 
as against 1,391 in 1923-24. 

The number of volumes acquired by purchase for branch use 
during the year was 54,381 ; of these 6,556 were placed in the 


Branch Deposit Collection, and 47,825 were distributed among 
the thirty-one branches. These figures represent over eighty 
per cent of the total number of accessions by purchase for the 
entire library system, namely 66,483 volumes. The number of 
books bound for the branch libraries the past year was 26,319, 
as compared with 24,626 in 1923-24. 

Buildings. The Allston, Dorchester, Mattapan, Parker 
Hill, Warren Street and South Boston Branches are in dire need 
of new quarters. Thirteen branches require extensive repairs 
and practically every branch needs new equipment of one kind 
or another. Lighting conditions in many of the branches have 
been justly criticised. In November last, the Supervisor was 
instructed to have a study of this subject prepared. A survey, 
includmg floor plans of every building, with what is considered 
adequate lighting marked on the plans, has been made and is 
now under consideration. 

Unsatisfactory buildings and run-down or out-of-date equip- 
ment have in no wise daunted the librarians and staffs of the 
branches. By skilful rearrangement of furniture and careful 
supervision of heating, lighting, cleaning, and ventilation, the 
buildings have been made to serve their purpose to the limit of 
their capacity. At every one of these branches, the hope 

is cherished that the people of the neighborhood, appreciating 
good service under difficult conditions, will presently be awakened 
to the need for better buildings with proper equipment, and will 
take vigorous action to secure them. 

The City Superintendent of Buildings in November allowed 
the use of the swimming tank in the Municipal Building in which 
the Upham's Corner Branch is located, for the use of a chil- 
dren's room. Tables and chairs were placed on the floor of 
the tank and book cases were placed along the walls of the 
galleries. The arrangement is in every way satisfactory and 
the tank room has proved admirably adapted for the purpose it 
is now called upon to fulfill. 

Personnel. During the past year 16 persons have been in 
training at the West End, South Boston and East Boston 
branches. Of these 14 have been encouraged to continue in 
library work and 2 have been urged to try other employment. 


To recommend for appointment a young person who during a 
period of several months manifests no aptitude for hbrary service 
is as unfair to the young person as it is to the Hbrary. The 
candidate, however, is given every opportunity to prove her 
worth, and must appear obviously unfitted for library work be- 
fore being advised to try something else. 

Of the 1 4 encouraged to remain, 1 have already passed the 
general paper of the C grade examination, 8 have in addition 
passed the required language, and 4 have passed the promotional 
examination for second assistantship. 

Committees. The committee work proves increasingly valu- 
able. The Committee on Personal Service has presented to 
the Director a completed scheme for graded branch service and 
has co-operated in the revision of an important section of the 
Branch Code Book — "Registration, Fines and Penalties." 
The Committee on Book Selection has during the year recom- 
mended all titles for branch fiction purchased by the Library 
for branches. The Committee on Registration has followed 
up the procedure connected with checking up the Code Book. 
The Committee on Circulation and Publicity notes with satis- 
faction a net increase in circulation from the branches of 
1 63,306 books during the past year. A new form of advertis- 
ing has been introduced in libraries which have show windows 
on the street. There are nine such libraries, and the window 
space used prior to hbrary occupation for displaying groceries 
or dry goods is now used for exhibits which advertise books. 
The Committee on Binding and Repairing reports splendid 
work throughout the whole system, particularly in the matter of 
recasing and in labeling the books with white ink. 

As a piece of educational extension service, book-review talks 
have been planned and successfully carried out in Brighton and 
West Roxbury; in each case book-lists have been prepared by 
the Branch Catalogue Division. Posters have been prepared for 
all branches and these are changed the first day of each month. 
Special lists and also collections of books are displayed with the 

Notes from the reports of the branch librarians v/ill be found 
on pages 78—86 of the Appendix. 



The twenty-seventh free public Hbrary course offered seventy- 
one lectures, distributed as follows: travel 19, literature I 5, music 
14, art 8, nature (birds, gardens), hio^ravhy and history, and 
civic subjects, 4 each. The attendarii?:^"^"^'^'^'^^ '^ ^^ whole 
larger than usual, and at only a very re'^9k-o«tput of the. },^\\ 
failed to be filled. In three cases it has beelTiDate glumi-sary 
to turn away large numbers from the doors, and one le?.c\Jre had 
to be given three times. It has, unfortunately, been necessary 
to make a considerable number of substitutions at short notice, on 
account of the unavoidable absence of the listed lecturers. 

In addition to the above course, the Ruskin Club held its bi- 
monthly meetings on Monday afternoons; various organizations 
held open meetings in the hall; the Community Service Incor- 
porated, co-operating with the Public Celebrations Committee 
of the City, gave a Christmas pageant which was artistically and 
intrinsically worth while; and there were several concerts given 
during Music Week, under the auspices of the Boston Music 
Week Committee. The Division of University Extension ar- 
ranged courses for every evening of the week, except Thursday, 
for several courses during the day, and for short courses on opera 
and in French. The innovation of the year was a course of 
lectures on the programs of the Symphony Orchestra, given in 
advance of the concert, which proved to be popular. The hall 
was used five hundred and twelve times in thirty-seven weeks. 

There were several long exhibitions in the Fine Arts Exhibi- 
tion Room and short ones shown in connection with lectures 
given in the free library course. Those that appealed most to 
the public were the original water-colors by Pedro Subercaseaux 
illustrating the life of St. Francis of Assisi; the Fifty Books 
of 1924 selected by the American Institute of Graphic Arts; 
the prize competition posters for the House Beautiful, and the 
reproductions of paintings by John Singer Sargent. 

In the Barton -Ticknor Room there were monthly exhibitions 
of manuscripts, first editions and prints arranged in connection 
with birth-anniversaries of authors and anniversaries of historical 


The lists of lectures and public exhibitions held at the Central 
Library from the fall of 1924 through the spring of 1925 may 
be found on pages 68-73 of the Appendix. 

1^1 'bns yii'MU'i-^'^'^ INSTRUCTION. 

irig advised [o try - 
A*? the 1 4 encouraarftiars of experiment, plans for instruction 
of tl^ral paper ^^-tiig carried on with a considerable degree of 
assuraLth. Four regular courses are now in progress, each of 
which contributes something definite to the equipment of those 
assistants who are able to attend them. Professor Robert E. 
Rogers, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is giving 
his fourth course in the Library, under the auspices of the Mas- 
sachusetts Division of University Extension, to a large and in- 
terested class, in which twenty-six library employees are enrolled. 
His subject this year is the "Great Classics of Literature from 
the Earliest Days to the Renaissance." This course will prob- 
ably be supplemented next year by a similar one covering the 
masterpieces of the past four centuries. Miss Eleanor M. Colle- 
ton is continuing her instruction in Italian to thirteen library 
employees who are making ready for an examination in that 
language. Miss Alice M. Jordan is giving a year-course in 
work with children to thirteen library assistants and Mr. Frank 
H. Chase is giving a course, also extending over the year, in 
general history for reference assistants, in which twenty-three are 
enrolled. The attempt is being made to give all of these courses 
solid value for library purposes and to hold the students down 
to specific assignments each week. The vision of a regular 
scheme of training for assistants in this Library is each year 
becoming clearer. 


Despite the fact that the Bindery has vacancies unfilled, the 
work accomplished during the year has been the largest in the 
history of the department. The total of bound volumes of all 
types was 45,994. In addition, 9,295 new volumes were re- 
cased before being put in circulation. 


The purchase of an oversewing machine has more than justi- 
fied its cost, by making possible an increased output with a di- 
minished sewing force. To add further to the efficiency of the 
Bindery the following machinery is much needed : a roller backer 
to lessen the work of hand-backing, a rotary board shears for 
cutting board by power, a rounding machine, which is rendered 
quite necessary in order to handle the book-output of the over- 
sewing machine, and a gluing machine to eliminate gluing by 
hand in cover making. With these additions it is anticipated 
that the department can increase its output materially without 
adding to its staff. 

In the Printing Department, as no considerable additions have 
been made to the plant since 1918 and no modernization since 
1912, it became necessary, in order to maintain present-day 
standards of mechanical efficiency, to undertake extensive re- 
newals. Their need was carefully studied during the summer 
and early fall and contracts were drawn and signed late in the 
year which admitted of distributing the cost of the changes 
through a series of appropriations. The first change to be af- 
fected under the plan consisted in the substitution for the old stop- 
cylinder press, which had done duty for twenty-nine years, of 
a modern and somewhat larger two-revolution press equipped 
with an automatic feeder; and of the addition of a similarly 
equipped folding machine. The installation was made just 
before the end of the fiscal year, and it is expected that further 
changes will be carried out during the year to come. 

On page 68 of the Appendix will be found the usual statistics 
for the Bindery and Printing Departments. 


During the fiscal year, the following persons were retired 
under the Boston Retirement System. 

Catalogue and Shelf Department: Dora L. Cutler, cata- 
loguer (retired February 29), entered service 1887; Ida W. 
Gould, cataloguer (retired August 31, voluntary), entered ser- 
vice 1884; William G. T. Roffe, first assistant in charge Shelf 
Department (retired February 29), entered service 1881 ; Mary 


H. Rollins, editor of Library Publications (retired March 31, 
voluntary), entered service 1886. Special Libraries Depart- 
ment: Walter Rowlands, first asisstant in charge of Fine Arts 
Division (retired January 31 ), entered service 1901. Engineer 
and Janitor Department: Henry Niederauer, Chief Engineer 
(retired February 29) , entered service 1 894 ; Walter M. Leigh- 
ton, night watchman (retired March 31, disability), entered 
service 1911. Bindery Department: Zenobia Felton, sewer 
(retired December 31), entered service 1909; Therese A. 
Masterson, assistant (retired April 31, disability), entered ser- 
vice 1907; John F. Murphy, forwarder (retired July 31, dis- 
ability), entered service 1883; Ellen F. Potts, forewoman 
(retired December 31, voluntary), entered service 1892; Wil- 
liam A. Wendall, forwarder (retired July 31, voluntary), en- 
tered service 1909. Fellorves Athenaeum Branch: Sarah W. 
Griggs, assistant (retired December 31), entered service 1886. 
With regret is noted the death while in service, on April 5, 
1 924, of Alice M. Morris, sewer, of the Bindery Department, 
employed since 1 909. 


There is no limit to the benefits which a free public library, 
adequately supported, can render to the community which it 
serves through the rich stores of information, entertainment and 
inspiration available in the books upon its shelves. Under wise 
management its public service is restricted only by the amount of 
its funds — the funds necessary for the purchase of books, for 
their housing and proper care, for the makmg of catalogues, in- 
dexes and other bibliographic aids in their use, and for attracting 
to its staff men and women whose training and experience have 
equipped them for giving to the public the widest and wisest 
assistance in making use of library material. 

If, finally, the Library is to function more fully in its aid to 
young men and women, no longer in school, and to adults who 
wish to broaden their knowledge and culture through systematic 
reading, means must be found for the employment of specially 
trained advisers who will give wise and sympathetic help to in- 


dividual students and will otherwise aid in the development of 
that work of adult education which is the outstanding task now 
confronting this institution, with the other public libraries of 

It is with satisfaction that I record my acknowledgment of 
the faithful service rendered by the officials of the Library and 
the employees generally, and my appreciation of their loyal and 
efficient co-operation throughout the year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Charles F. D. Belden, 









Central Library 















Andrew Square 







Boylston Station 







Brighton . 














City Point 







Codman Square 














Dor. Lower Mills 







East Boston 

1 1 5,062 













*Fellowes Athen. 







Hyde Park . 







Jamaica Plain . 







Jeffries Point . 

. . . 






Mattapan . 







Mount Bowdoin 







Mount Pleasant 







Neponset . 







North End 







Orient Heights . 







Parker Hill . 














Roxbury Crossing 




55,91 1 



South Boston 






1 52,799 

South End 







Tyler Street 

1 5,587 






Upham's Corner 







Warren Street . 







West End . 





1 54,267 


West Roxbury . 







Total . 







* Roxbury Branch renamed Fellowes Athenaeum Branch in 1923. 


The net gains and losses in circulation are presented, apart 
from the totals, in the following form: 

1919-20 gain over preceding year 
1920—21 gain over preceding year 
1921-22 gain over preceding year 
1922-23 gain over preceding year 
1923-24 gain over preceding year 
1924-25 gain over preceding year 


1 53.877 











February, 1924 . 





March, " . 





April, " . 





May, " . 










July. ;; . 




























1 7.933 


January, 1925 . 











Central Library: 

a. Direct ...... 

b. Through Branches .... 

c. Schools and Institutions through 

Branch Department . 


Andrew Square . 
Boylston Station 
City Point . 
Codman Square . 

Dorchester Lower Mills 
East Boston 

Carried foriuard 


schools and 





1 1 7,089 








' 730 


























Brought forward 

Fellowes Athenaeum 
Hyde Park 
Jamaica Plain 
Jeffries Point 
Mount Bowdoin 
Mount Pleasant 
North End 
Orient Heights 
Parker Hill 
Roxbury Crossing 
South Boston 
South End . 
Tyler Street 
Upham's Corner 
Warren Street 
"West End . 
West Roxbury 

































1 1 5,396 


1 1 7.075 





. • • • 













1 1 7.845 



















These figures are condensed into the following; 

Books Lent for Home Use, including Circulation through 
Schools and Institutions. 

From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through 
the Branches) ........... 

From Branches (excluding books received from Central Library) 


Central Library circulation (excluding 
schools and institutions) : 
Direct home use .... 
Through Branches .... 

Branch Department circulation (ex- 
cluding schools and institutions) : 
Direct home use .... 

Schools and institutions circulation (in- 
cluding books from Central through 
the Branch system) 








1 1 7,089 




Under the inter-library loan system with other libraries the 
following use of books for the purpose of serious research is 
shown for two successive years : 


Volumes lent from this Library to other libraries in Massachusetts 
Lent to libraries outside of Massachusetts ..... 














Applications refused: 

From libraries in Massachusetts ..... 
From libraries outside of Massachusetts 

Totals ......... 

Borrowed from other libraries for use here 

The classified "home-use" circulation of the branches was as 
follows, for two successive years : 

1923-24. 1924-25. 


Fiction for adults . . . 665.125 31.2 713,320 31 

Non-fiction for adults . . 218,105 10.2 260,051 II 

Juvenile fiction . . . 769,182 36.1 841,116 37 

Juvenile non-fiction . . . 477,813 22.4 488,310 21 

At the Central Library the classified "home-use" circulation 
shows the following percentages: 

1923-24 1924-25 


Fiction 47.9 483 

Non-fiction 52.1 51.7 



For the Central Library: 1923-24. 1924-25. 

From City appropriation . 

From trust funds income . . . 

For branches: 

From City appropriation 
From trust funds income 

By Fellowes Athenaeum (for Fellowes Athenae 
um Branch) ..... 


6,805 8,328 

4,032 3.774 

10,837 12.102 

50,147 54,289 
4 92 
50.151 54.381 

1,178 832 

62.166 67.315 

Of the 842 volumes acquired by the Fellowes Athenaeum 
during the past year, 832 were purchases, 8 were gifts, and 
2 were of periodicals bound. 


The following statement includes the accessions by purchase 
combined with books received by gift or otherwise : 

Accessions by purchase (including 832 volumes 
by Fellovves Athenaeum) .... 

Accessions by gift (including 8 volumes for 
Fellowes Athenaeum) ..... 

Accessions by Statistical Department . 

Accessions by exchange ..... 

Accessions by periodicals bound (including 2 for 
Fellowes Athenaeum) ..... 

Accessions of newspapers bound .... 








24.528 57.159 









Catalogued (new) : 

Central Library Catalogue 
Serials .... 
Branches . . 






22,172 14,471 

4,528 .... 

48,616 42,113 

14,791 7,709 

24.135 13.608 

4,685 . . . . 

53,301 44,321 

19,007 15,891 

90,107 64.293 

101.128 73.820 


The number of volumes shelved and thus made available for 
public use, taken from the report of the Shelf Department, is 

Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year: 

General collection, new books (including continuations) .... 22,962 

Special collections, new books and transfers ...... 1 ,800 

Books reported lost or missing in previous years, but now found, transfers 

from branches, etc. .......... 2.084 


Removed from Central Library shelves during the year: 

Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yel replaced, trans- 
fers, etc. ............ 13,887 

Net gain. Central Library 12,959 

Net gain at branches 12.264 

Net gain, entire library system ......... 25,223 


The total number of volumes available for public use at the 
end of each year since the formation of the Library is shown in 
the following statement: 


1885 . 

1886 . 

1887 . 

1888 . 






































1889 . 

1890 . 

1891 . 

1892 . 

1893 . 

1894 . 

1895 . 


























1 ,098.702 











Volumes in entire library system 1,333.264 

Volumes in the branches 346,863 

These volumes are located as follows: 

Central Library 

Andrew Square 
Boylston Station 
City Point . 
Codman Square 


Dorchester Lower M 


East Boston 




Fellowes Athenaeum 


Hyde Park . 


Jamaica Plain 


Jeffries Point 




Mount Bowdoin . 











Mount Pleasant . 


South Boston 




South End . 


North End 


Tyler Street 


Orient Heights . 


Upham's Corner 


Parker Hill 


Warren Street 


Roslindale . 


West End . 


Roxbury Crossing 


West Roxbury 



1923-24. 1924-25. 

Number of volumes bound in various styles .... 52,483 55,289 

Magazines stitched 237 216 

Volumes repaired ......... 2,245 3,046 

Volumes guarded 1,941 1,312 

Maps mounted ......... 65 35 

Photographs and engravings, etc., mounted .... 3,295 3,019 

Library publications folded, stitched and trimmed . . . 157,161 75,278 


Requisitions received and filled 
Card Catalogue (Central Library) : 

Titles exclusive of automatic reprint . 

Cards finished (exclusive of extras) . 
Card Catalogue (Branches) : 

Titles (Printing Department count) . 

Cards finished (exclusive of extras) . 
Signs ........ 

Blank forms (numbered series) 

Forms, circulars and sundries (outside numbered se 

Catalogues and pamphlets .... 


















THE LECTURES OF 1924-1925. 

All lectures, except those marked with an asterisk (*) were 

illustrated with lantern slides. 

Oct. 6. *Our Selves and Our Ideals. Miss Lilian Whiting. (Ruskin 

Oct. 9. Friendly Visiting with the Birds. Rev. Manly Bacon 

Oct. 1 2. *The Origin of Species in Modern Poetry. Grant H. Code. 
(New England Poetry Club Course.) 

Oct. 16. Alaska: the Promised Land. Mrs. Alice Howland Ma- 
















Oct 19. *Recent American Folk Plays: "Sun-Up," "Hell-Bent for 

Heaven," etc. Robert E. Rogers, A.M. (Drama 

League Course.) 
The Nipponese: a Story of Present Day Japan. John C. 

Bovvker, F.R.G.S. 
Historic Wales: its People and its Scenery. Mrs. Nellie E. 

The National Parks of the United States. Kenneth Dam- 

ren. (Ruskin Club.) 
Wordsworth and the Lake Country. Everett L. Getchell. 
*The Requirements of the Great Poet. Charles Hammond 

Gibson. (American Literary Association.) 
^Tragedy and Comedy of Charles Dickens. Francis Henry 

Wade, M.D. 
A Rocky Mountain Hike: Nine Thousand Miles through 

the Beauty and Bigness of America. Rev. Charles W. 

Casson. (Field and Forest Club Course.) 

Repeated by request on Jan. 8 and Feb. 15, at eight 

Nov. 9. *The Enjoyment of Art. Walter Sargent. 
Nov. 9. *The Ancestral Name, Ranulf. WilHam A. Randall. 
Nov. 1 0. '^The British Poets from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth 

Century. Charles Hammond Gibson. (Ruskin Club.) 
Nov. I 3. The Anniversary of Robert Louis Stevenson. Guy Richard- 
Nov. 16. ^Reading of Shakespeare's "Hamlet." George F. Pearson. 
Nov. 20. The Glory of England: Her Cathedrals and Scenic Beauty. 

Frederick Parsons, F.R.S.A. 
Nov. 22. *The Song Recital. Henry Gideon, A.M. 
Nov. 23. ^Reading of Shakespeare's "King Henry IV, Part II." By 

members of local Shakespeare Clubs, under the direction 

of Mrs. Frederick H. Briggs. (Drama League Course.) 
Nov. 24. *Ruskin's Museums. Mrs. May Smith Dean. (Ruskin 

Nov. 30. *A Modern Opera: Pfitzner's "Palestrina." Otto G. T. 

Nov. 30. The Pueblo Indians: Yesterday and To-day. George H. 

Dec. 4. Florence: the City of the Lily. Martha A. S. Shannon. 
Dec. 7. Public Celebrations. J. Philip O'Connell. 
Dec. 7. *Music of the Roman Catholic Church. Henry Gideon, A.M. 
Dec. 8. ^Ruskin's Message to Youth and the Twentieth Amendment. 

Rev. Davis Wasgatt Clark. (Ruskin Club.) 
Dec. 1 I. Days with the Birds. Mrs. James L. Tryon. (Field and 

Forest Club Course.) 


Dec. \3. *The Growth of Freedom in English Verse Technique. Helen 
Archibald Clarke. (American Literary Association.) 

Dec. 14. •"''Music in the Life of the World: Story of the Carol. Mme. 
Beale Morey. 

Dec. 15. ^Christmas in Music and Pageantry. Richard G. Appel. 

Dec. 18. How the Dutch do it: Housing Problems and Port Develop- 
ment. Frank A. Bourne, S.M., A.I.A. 

Dec. 20. *The Nativity Cycle of York Mystery Plays. Public Cele- 
brations Committee and Boston Community Service, Inc. 

Dec. 21. ^Carols and Chansons of Christmas. Henry Gideon, A.M. 

Dec. 21. ^Reading: "The Christmas Carol." Walter Bradley Tripp. 
(Auspices Dickens Fellowship.) 

Dec. 22. *Music, arranged by Mrs. Arthur Howard Davison. The 
Christmas Message, Mrs. Minnie Meserve Soule. (Rus- 
kin Club.) 

Dec. 28. Boston Architecture: Past and Present. Frank Chouteau 

*The Marvel and Glory of Glass; Ancient and Modern. 
Mrs. Walter G. Dennison. 
A Rocky Mountain Hike: Nine Thousand Miles through 
the Beauty and Bigness of America. Rev. Charles W. 
Casson. (Repeated by request.) 
1 1 . ^Swedish Male Harmony Chorus. Carl Hulton, Director. 
* What's What in Books. John Clair Minot. (Ruskin 
Mediaeval Pilgrimages and Art. Arthur Kingsley Porter, 


1 7. *The Immutable Laws of Great Poetry. E. Charlton Black, 
LL.D. (American Literary Association.) 

The Appreciation of Greek Sculpture. Clarence Kennedy, 

Cycling through Merrie England in Pre-War Days. Ar- 
thur D. Ropes. 

Our New Comedy and American Family Life. Albert Hat- 
ton Gilmer, A.M. (Drama League Course.) 

The Wonderland of America. Mrs. Arthur Dudley Ropes. 
(Ruskin Club.) 

Snaring Bird Songs. Charles C. Gorst. 
*A Splendid Rebel : Life and Times of Patrick Henry. Hen- 
ry Lawrence Southwick. 

Peasant and Decorative Arts of Czecho-Slovakia. Dr. Boris 
*New New England Poets. Thomas A. Watson. (New 
England Poetry Club Course.) 

Jan. 4. 

























Feb. 9. ^Anniversary Observance of John Ruskin's Birth, Rev. 
Harold E. B. Speight. (Ruskin Club.) 

Feb. 1 I . *The String Quartet as a Musical Form. Leo R. Lewis. 

Feb. 12. The Land of the Backward Rolling River: Chekiang Prov- 
ince, including its Capital, Hangchow, the Heavenly. 
William Dean Goddard, A.M. (Field and Forest 
Club Course.) 

Feb. 15. ^Modern French Music. Edward Burlingame Hill. 

Feb. 15. A Rocky Mountain Hike: Nine Thousand Miles through 
the Beauty and Bigness of America. Rev. Charles W. 
Casson. (Repeated by request.) 

Feb. 16. ^Americanization: its Ideals. Two addresses: The Value 
of Law and its Observance. Hon. Sanford Bates. 
The Development of the True Citizen. Dr. Charles A. 
Coburn. (Ruskin Club.) 
Under Italian skies. Mrs. Arthur D. Ropes. 
^Worthwhile Patriotism. Hon. Michael J. Murray. 
Whaling and its Methods. Arthur E. Watson. 
Boston, the Convention City. Charles J. Fox. 
^The Program of the Flonzaley Quartet. Leo R. Lewis. 
Killarney: its Lakes and Legends. Rev. William M. Stin- 
son, S.J. 

Mar. 8. ^Treasures of the Theatre Collection in the Harvard Univer- 
sity Library. Frank W. C. Hersey, A.M. (Drama 
League Course.) 

Mar. 9. Days cf Romance in Old Spain. Mrs. James Frederick 
Hopkins. (Ruskin Club.) 

Mar. 12. Tramps about the Presidentials. Milton E. MacGregor. 
(Field and Forest Club Course.) 

Mar. 15. *The Magic of Words. Horace G. Wadlin, Litt.D. 

Mar. 15. The Art of Printing as shown in Fifty Books of 1924. 
John Coolidge Hurd. 

Mar. 1 9. Earth Changes, illustrated by the Geology of Boston. Har- 
vey Woodbiirn Shimer, Ph.D. 

Mar. 22. Palestine: the Homeland of the Master. Anton Hanania. 

Mar. 23. *The Value of Critical Literature. Mr. Henry A. Higgins. 
(Ruskin Club.) 

Mar. 26. Along Dutch Waterways. Mrs. James Frederick Hopkins. 

Mar. 29. *The Music of the Bible. Charles N. Lanphere. 

Apr. 2. New England Birds and Wild Flowers. Mrs. Harriet U. 

Apr. 5. *Footlight Orchestra. Thompson Stone, Director. 

Apr. 9. English Gardens. Robert N. Cram, B.L.A. 

Apr. 12. *Brahm's Requiem: an exposition. Leo R. Lewis. 



























Ruskin and Agriculture Today. Dr. Arthur H. Gilbert. 

(Ruskin Club.) 
Architecture in the United States in the last Ten Years. J. 

Randolph Coolidge, Jr. 
The Lexington and Concord Fights. Thomas G. Frothing- 

Author's Reading. Rev. Henry Hallam Saunderson, D.D. 

(Ruskin Club.) 
"The Triumph of Religion," a lecture on the decorations by 
John Singer Sargent in the Public Library. Dr. Henry 
Hallam Saunderson. 
^Lincoln House Orchestra. Jacques Hoffman, Conductor. 
1 0. ^Concert by Myrtle Jordan. Carl Safford, accompanist. 
^Peabody House Orchestra. Russell Cook, Conductor. 
^Annual Meeting of the Ruskin Club. 
"The Triumph of Religion." Rev. Henry Hallam Saun- 
derson. (Repeated by request.) 



May Robert Browning. First editions and manuscripts. 

Landmarks in Music, 1630-1924. 

Famous bridges. 

Recent accessions in fine arts. 

Victor Herbert, 1859-1924. 
June Bunker Hill. Manuscripts, etc. 

Foreign travel posters. 

Evolution of church music. 

Old Boston and Massachusetts. 

Junior Red Cross poster competition. 
July Tennyson centenary. Manuscripts and first editions. 

Old Boston and Massachusetts. 
Aug. Civil War pictures. 

William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 
Sept. History of the art of printing. 
Oct. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Stevenson. 

Recent accessions on decorative art. 

Columbus Day. Books and portraits. 



Nov. Robert Louis Stevenson. First editions. 

Illuminated manuscripts. 

Original etchings by Anton Schutz. 


English cathedrals and abbeys. 

Artistic bookbindings. 
Dec. Puvis de Chavannes. 

American Indians. Curtis photographs. 

American Indians. McClintock photographs. 

Fragments of European architecture. Water-colors by F. A. 

Life of St. Francis of Assisi. Original water-colors by Suber- 
Jan. Edgar Allan Poe. Manuscripts and first editions. 

Life of St. Joan of Arc. 

Greek sculpture. Photographs by Prof. Clarence Kennedy. 

Portolan Atlas. 
Feb. Photographs of stage settings, loaned by the Theatre Arts Maga- 

Charles Dickens. First editions and manuscripts. 

Portolan Atlas. 

Henry W. Longfellow. First editions and manuscripts. 

Photographs of Shakespearian Costume Ball. 

"House Beautiful" Cover designs, loaned by the House Beauti- 
ful Publishing Company. 
Mar. Medici and Seeman color prints. 

"Fifty Books of 1924," selected by American Institute of Graph- 
ic Arts, and exhibited by Society of Printers of Boston. 
Apr. Nathaniel Bowditch memorial exhibition. 

"Be Kind to Animals Week" prize posters. 

Battle of Lexington. Manuscripts and prints. 

John Singer Sargent memorial exhibition. 
May Old-Time baseball players (McGreevy Collection). 

Examples of the work of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. 

William Ellery Channing. 


The American Printer, New York City. Thirty photographs, color 
prints, etc., contributed to the Franklin Bi-Centennial Number of 
The American Printer. 

Bassett, Abbot, Newtonville. Fifty-five volumes, publications if the 
League of American Wheelmen. 

The Bibliophile Society, through Mr. H. H. Harper. "The Yankee 
abroad." Unpublished poem, by Eugene Field, reproduced in 
manuscript facsimile following the printed version, and two volumes 
of the Annual Report of the Bibliophile Society to complete the 
Library file. 1920, 1923. 


Boston Society of Civil Engineers. Engineering News, 1877 — 1884, 
1887. (Lacking in the Library file); Boydell's illustrations of 
the dramatic works of Shakespeare, London ( 1 798) and Ancient 
carriages, containing 25 plates. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, Wellesley Hills. The soul of Samuel Pepys. By 
Gamaliel Bradford. Boston. 1924. 
Bare souls. By Gamaliel Bradford. New York. 1924. 

British Museum, London. The Lindisfarne Gospels . . . Three plates 
in colour and thirty-six in monochrome from Cotton MS. Nero D. 
IV in the British Museum, with pages from two related manuscripts. 
With introduction by Eric George Millar. London. 1923. 

Chandburi, Prince of, Bangkok, Siam. Commentaries of Buddhakosa. 
Series of Buddhist Scriptures, translated into the Pali language and 
printed in Siamese characters, in commemoration of the crematory 
obsequies of Her Majesty, the late Queen-Mother. 1 5 v. 

Chelminski, Jan V., New York City. L'Armee du Duche de Varsovie. 
Par Jan V. Chelminski. Texte par le Commandant A. Malibran. 
Paris. 1913. Portraits. Plates, mostly colored. 

Committee of the Irish National War Memorial, Dublin, Ireland. Ire- 
land's Memorial Records. 1914 — 18. Being the names of Irish- 
men who fell in the Great European War. With decorative bor- 
ders by Harry Clarke. Dublin. 1923. Privately printed. 8 
v., folio. 

Cooch, Mrs. J. Wilkins, Pocomoke, Md. Ancestry and descendants of 
Nancy Allyn (Foote) Webb, Rev. Edward Webb and Joseph 
Wilkins Cooch. By Mary Evarts (Webb) Cooch. Wilmington. 


Cutter, Leonard F., Charlestown. A file of the Waverley Magazine 
from Vol I, 1850, to 1890, with some omissions. This gift has 
made the Library file very nearly complete. 

Daughters of the American Revolution. National Society. Manual of 
the United States. For the information of immigrants and foreign- 
ers. Published by the National Society, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. Compiled by Elizabeth C. B. Buel. Washing- 
ton. 1923. Fifty copies each of English, Russian, Italian, French, 
German, Hungarian, Spanish, Polish and Yiddish manuals. 

Davis, Walter G., Portland, Me. The ancestry of Lydia Harmon, 
1 755—1836, wife of Joseph Waterhouse of Standish, Maine. By 
Walter Goodwin Davis. Boston. 1 924. 

The Dickens Society of West Roxbury, through Mrs. Lawrence Baker. 
The letters of Charles Dickens, 1 833 to 1 870. London. 1 909. 

Evans, Richard T., Tientsin, China. American trade-marks, trade- 
names, copyrights and patents in China. By Robert T. Bryan, Jr. 
Shanghai. (1924.) 

Farrer, Sir Thomas Cecil, 2d Lord Farrer, Dorking, England. Some 


Farrer memorials. Being a selection from the papers of Thomas 
Henry, first Lord Farrer, 1819 — 1899. Made by his son, Thomas 
Cecil, second Lord Farrer. London. 1923. Privately printed. 

Fearing, Mrs. Harriet. Twenty-five volumes, including The Chesapeake 
Bay Country. By Swepson Earle. Baltimore. 1923; Colmar 
en France. Par Carlos Fischer; Cent dix aquarelles, eaux-fortes 
et dessins by Hansi. Paris. 1923; Nouvelle histoire de Prance. 
Par Albert Malet. Paris. 1922; The Inns of the Middle Ages, 
by W. C. Firebaugh. Chicago. 1924; Petit Larousse, 1923 
edition, and The Highland Clans of Scotland, by George Eyre- 

Ford, Worthington C. Twenty-five photostat copies of broadsides of 
the Revolutionary period, proclamations, epitaphs, etc. 

Goodowsky, Hyman, Estate of, through Barnard Goodowsky and Charles 
Shulman, executors. Three hundred and fifty-four volumes and 64 
numbers of periodicals in Hebrew. A collection of Hebrew litera- 
ture, including treatises and commentaries on ths Old Testament, es- 
says and sermons on the Talmud and on the Prophets. 

Great Britain, Patent Office, London. Specifications of inventions, 122 
volumes. , 

Hale, Philip. Five volumes of music for flute, harp, violin, etc. For 
the Allen A. Brown Music Library. 

Harper, Henry Howard. The Devil's Nest. (A novel.) By Henry 
Howard Harper. With etched frontispiece by W. H. W. Bicknell. 
No. 31 of 100 copies. Cedar Rapids. (1923.); Library es- 
says about books, bibliophiles, writers and kindred subjects. By 
Henry Howard Harper. Boston. 1 924. 

Hazard, Miss Caroline, Peacedale, R. I. South Country studies of 
some Eighteenth Century persons, places and conditions, in that por- 
tion of Rhode Island, called Narragansett. By Esther Bernon 
Carpenter. Boston. 1 924. 

Hooper, Mrs. Susan Thayer. Fifty volumes of Italian literature. For 
North End Branch. 

Hovey, Dr. Alvah, Estate of, through Mrs. W. B. Parshley. Forty- 
three bound volumes and fifty unbound numbers of the Bibliotheca 
Sacra. 1844-1903. 

Huidekoper, Edgar, Meadville, Pa. Huidekoper. Holland family. 
1730-1924. Compiled by Edgar Huidekoper. Jan. 1, 1924. 

Johnson, Henry Lewis. Printing type specimens. Standard modern 
type. By Henry Lewis Johnson. Boston. 1924. Two copies; 
Historic design in printing. With introduction by Henry Lewis 
Johnson. Boston. 1923. Inscribed copy. 

Jordan Marsh Company, through C. H. Critchett. Sixty-nine directories 
of New England cities and towns. For the Information Room. 


Lodge, Hon. Henry Cabot. Speeches and addresses of Warren G. 
Harding, President of the United States. Delivered during the 
course of his tour from Washington, D. C, to Alaska and return 
to San Francisco, June 20 to August 2, 1923. Compiled by 
James W, Murphy. (Washington. 1923.) 

McGill University Library, Montreal. Eighty-four publications of Mc- 
Gill University and "The romance of a princess, a comedy and 
other poems," by Amy Redpath Roddick. 

Mergenthaler Linotype Company. The manual of linotype typography. 
With comment by William Dana Orcutt. Brooklyn. 1923. Five 

Mills, Mrs. Ina Lawson, Estate of, through Isaac B. Mills, executor. 
Twenty-one volumes of music, including opera scores of Faust, Mar- 
tha, Traviata, etc. 

Monks, Mrs. Richard J. Les legendes de Venise. Par Maria Star. 
Illustrations de Raffaela Mainella. Venise. 1 909. Exemplaire 
No. 301. Folio. Some borders and illustrations in color. 

Morgan, J. Pierpont, New York City. Babylonian records in the Li- 
brary of J. Pierpont Morgan. Part 4. Edited by Albert T. Clay. 
New Haven. 1923. 

New York Public Library. Journalism. A bibliography. Compiled 
by Carl L. Cannon. New York. 1924. 

Nichols, E. M., Philadelphia. Nichols genealogy. Ancestry and des- 
cendants of Thomas Nichols of East Greenwich, Rhode Island and 
Danby, Vermont. Edited by Nathan Round Nichols. (Congress 
Park. 1923.) 

O'Brien, Dr. Frank P., New York City. A collection of 62 Beadle's 
Dime novels, including the rare Squaw Chief, by Mrs. Ann S. 
Stephens, and Maum Guinea, by Mrs. Metta V. Victor; photo- 
graphs of Mr. E. F. Beadle, Wm. F. Cody, W. H. Manning and 
others, and a letter written by Mr. Beadle to his daughter. 

Old South Church in Boston. Book of the Fortieth Year. Issued in 
grateful and affectionate recognition of the fortieth anniversary of 
the installation of George A. Gordon, D.D., as minister of the Old 
South Church. Boston. 1924. 

Page, L. C, & Company. Nineteen volumes of their publications cur- 
rently issued. 

Permanent Blind Relief War Fund, Paris. Two-hundred and twenty 
volumes, including 1 64 volumes of modern English and French au- 
thors in Contracted and Revised Braille. 

Perry, Thomas Sergeant. Six volumes, including The hymns, anthems 
and tunes, with the Ode used at the Magdalen Chapel. Set for the 
organ, harpsichord, voice, German-flute, or guitar. London. N. d. 

Radcliffe, Mrs. James A., New York. Captain Edward Richardson. 
A memorial. With genealogical records of some of his ancestors 


and descendants. By Elizabeth Wills Vernon Radcliffe. (Salem.) 
1923. Privately printed. 

Reisner, George A., Clarence S. Fisher, and David Gordon Lyon. Har- 
vard excavations at Samaria, 1 908-1 91 0. By George A. Reisner, 
Clarence S. Fisher, and David Gordon Lyon. Cambridge. Har- 
vard University Press. 1924. (Harvard Semitic Series. 1, 2.) 

Sachs, Raphael, New York City. A collection of manuscript material, 
letters and documents relating to Boston and Massachusetts, 1 734 to 
1800. Among them a letter written in 1775 relating to the dis- 
continuance of the light in Boston Harbor. 

Sanger, Mrs. George P. Alexandra (Empress). Letters to Nicholas II. 
Petrograd. 1922. 2 v. In Russian; six volumes of music. 

Sargent, Prof. Charles S., Brookline. A list of publications of the 
descendants of Epes Sargent. Compiled by Julia Mehitable John- 
son. (1923.) Portraits of Epes and Ann Sargent, children of 
William Sargent and their descendants and connections, in the Judith 
Sargent House, Gloucester, Massachusetts. 1924. 

Seaver, Henry G., Westfield, N. J. The Seaver Genealogy, history 
and directory of the Seaver (Seavers, Sever, etc.) families of Europe 
and America. By Jesse Seaver. Philadelphia. 1924. 

Shaw, Mrs. Henry S., Milton, Mass. A collection of opera and con- 
cert programmes and theatre play bills dating from 1849 to 1923, 
two engravings and fourteen volumes including The works of 
Flavius Josephus, Frankfort, 1580; Ptolemy's Geography, Venice, 
Venice, 1598; the first edition of Bussato's Garden of Agricul- 
ture, Venice, 1592, and Dolce's translation of the Metamorphoses 
of Ovid, Venice, 1568. Among the 17th century books are 
Theatro del Mondo by Ortelius, Venice, 1 689, with a description 
and map of America and Delia Fisionomia dell 'Huomo by G. 
Battista Porta, Padua, 1623, illustrated with wood-cuts; and a 
Bible in German, printed at Dordrecht, bound in leather with em- 
blems and figures in repousse metal work. 

A second gift of eighty volumes included seventy-six volumes of the 
Bibliophile Society publications and a third gift comprised of dic- 
tionaries, encyclopaedias, and illustrated books of travel. 

Storer, Mrs. Bellamy, Paris. In memoriam. Bellamy Storer. With 
personal remembrances of President McKlnley, President Roose- 
velt, and John Ireland, Archbishop of St. Paul. By Maria Long- 
worth Storer. Boston. 1923. Privately printed. 

Strassburger, Ralph Beaver, Gwynedd Valley, Pa. The Strassburger 
family and allied families of Pennsylvania. Being the ancestry of 
Jacob Andrew Strassburger, Esquire, of Montgomery County, 
Pennsylvania. By his son Ralph Beaver Strassburger. Printed for 
private circulation. Gwynned Valley. 1922. 

West Roxbury Women's Club. Seven volumes for the West Roxbury 


Branch, including Three generations. By Maud ElHott. Boston. 
1923; A late harvest. Miscellaneous papers written between eighty 
and ninety. By Charles W. Eliot. Boston. (1924.); J.Ram- 
say MacDonald: the man of tomorrow. By Iconoclast. New 
York. 1924. 

Williams, Charles C, M.D., Los Angeles. Ancestry and posterity of 
Nathaniel WiHiams of Taunton, Mass., son of Richard and Frances 
Dighton Williams of Taunton, Mass. By Charles C. Williams. 
Los Angeles. 1923. 

Williams, Mrs. Francis H. Forty volumes, miscellaneous works, in- 
cluding The history of Woman Suffrage edited by Elizabeth Cady 
Stanton and others. Rochester. 1889-1922. 6 v. 



There has been an increase of interest in the Library since the publica- 
tion in the local newspapers of information about new books and leading 
magazine articles. The poster exhibits have proved an attractive feature, 
especially the one on automobiles. Gain in circulation, 2,653. 


The pubhc has been attracted by window displays on Japan, Alaska, 
Poland, gardening, cooking, etc., and by collections of books and pictures 
arranged in the reading room to supplement these displays. The local 
Polish newspaper has shown a friendly co-operation with the library in a 
series of articles, which have stimulated the interest of many new readers 
and increased the circulation of books, especially those on English for 
foreigners. Gain in circulation, 16,205. 


Window decoration has been found to be an excellent means of in- 
creasing the interest of the public in the library. The news is passed 
around, and spectators of all ages appear in numbers, like Roderick Dhu's 
men. The Christmas decorations were arranged before an inspiring audi- 
ence, both inside and outside the library, including the "station gang," in 
their own doorway across the court. Patrons find it a long walk from 
Centre or Washington Streets, but the come often nevertheless. All ages, 
from seventy to five — all occupations from ministers of the Gospel to 
primary school babies — all nationalities, from the original Germans whose 
territory this district was, through Irish, Scotch, Polish, Lithuanian, Jewish 
and Italian. The library serves them all to the best of its power. Gain 
in circulation, 2,531. 



A splendid spirit of co-operation exists between the staff, the pubhc and 
the schools. There has been no change in the staff this year. Gain in 
circulation, 5,030. 


The busy time in the library begins about seven o'clock in the evening. 
A man comes in for a Montreal paper, two Httle girls for "nobels" for their 
mother, a woman to meet a friend and manicure her nails, a boy for the 
High School Reading List, two young girls for the dictionary and a cross- 
word puzzle. Just as the Librarian has succeeded in supplying these 
wants, in rush ten more young things, demanding "Flour," "Wheat," 
"Muscle Food," "Benjamin Franklin," "Fireless Cookery," etc. And 
so it goes! Loss in circulation, 602. 


The library feels rich in the possession of the recently acquired and 
very much needed Encyclopedia Britannica. Other books of reference 
are very much in demand, as are also those on radio, accountancy, tool- 
making, etc. There is considerable call for such excellent non-fiction as 
Thomsen's "Outlines of Science," Drinkwater's "Outlines of Literature," 
Papini's "Life of Christ," Havelock Ellis' "Dance of Life," etc. The 
appreciation and support of its public is a constant source of stimulus and 
help to the staff of the library, and makes worth while their best effort. 
Gain in circulation, 4,164. 


The library has had this year several requests for advice on matters 
literary — among others, from a Harvard graduate selecting books for 
boys of twelve to fifteen years, and from the pastor of the Swedish Vasa 
Church, who teaches a class of immigrants. The books most in demand 
are those on travel, biography and music. The collection of books for 
Music Week had an especially good circulation. Gain in circulation, 


The Library serves a busy community. There are few foreigners, and 
all who come speak and read Enghsh. Some of the children take out 
books to use in teaching their parents English. Books on citizenship 
circulate well. The Library is handicapp>ed by being on the second and 
third floors. Many people complain of the stairs. If it were on the 
ground floor, its usefulness would doubtless be much increased. Gain in 
circulation, 13,020. 



East Boston is rapidly changing in character. The American families 
are moving out, and the new comers are almost invariably of Italian origin. 
This change in the community necessitates a change in the Library's 
method of approach. Previously it was necessary to serve those who 
came, now it is also necessary to gain the interest of those who do not care, 
much about books and who are not interested in libraries. In this district, 
the change from a reading to a non-reading public, the establishment of 
another branch and the location of the Library are handicaps to the growth 
of the work. The chief difficulty, however, is the insufficient staff. Dur- 
ing rush hours, the assistants have not time to give the personal attention 
without which the best results are impossible. Gain in circulation, 2,803. 


From four o'clock, when schools are out, till Library closing hours, 
the staff is besieged with questions about high school reading, lives of au- 
thors, unfamihar words, stories, poems, and material for debates. Gain 
in circulation, 3,439. 


By virtue of its fifty-two years and honorable record, Fellowes Athe- 
naeum has attained the dignity and charm of tradition. Its older patrons 
speak wistfully of the days when this old building was considered the 
model library building of the State — of the days of Edward Everett 
Hale and Dr. Putnam, of the days when George Santayana hved up the 
street and Dr. De Normandie came in every day, when the Trustees 
dropped in to read and smoke in the old rooms with "TRUSTEES" painted 
on the door, and when the httle sons of the Trustees might have a library 
key, and browse around a Sunday afternoon, long before anyone thought 
of having a public library open on Sunday. The old portraits in the big 
reading room meant more to those little boys than they do to the children 
who come now. They knew the story of Caleb Fellowes, the Gloucester 
boy who went to sea against the will of his parents, and was not heard from 
again for twenty-five years. But, in that time, he found his way to India, 
where he prospered in honorable trade, and after his return, settled in 
Roxbury, his mother's birthplace, and provided for the town the Fellowes 

Years ago — how many, only one person knows, and he is not telling 
— A youngster visited the Roxbury Branch of the Boston Public Library 
and broke a bust of George Washington. Now, when George cut down 
the cherry tree and his father questioned him, he told the truth and got 
his start on the road to immortal fame. But nobody in the hbrary heard 


the bust crash to the floor, hence nobody taxed the scared youngster, and 
long ago the incident was forgotten by all but the boy. The other day 
there arrived at the library a huge package. Surprised attendants re- 
moved layers and layers of tissue wrapping until, finally, there gazed up at 
them the serene countenance of the Father of His Country. With the gift 
came this explanatory note: "This bust of George, the Immortal, I am 
sending to take the place of one I broke in the library when I was a 
youngster." The bust, needless to say, has been accorded a place of 
honor, and the note is carefully preserved in a spirit of gratitude to the 
donor who concealed his name, but revealed a conscience. Gain in cir- 
culation, 4,334. 


The loss of many privileges through becoming a branch of the Boston 
Public Library, the lack of increase in the population since the annexation 
of Hyde Park to Boston and the situation of this library in an inconspicuous 
side street, have doubtless been factors in the slow growth of circulation. 
Gain in circulation, 5,618, 


One of out patrons, an ex-soldier who has been gassed and is blind, 
comes to the library with a friend who reads to him. They need a quiet 
place, and have been given the use of the office, a privilege which they 
appreciate greatly. Gain in circulation, 4,608, 


During the year posters and book covers, calling attention to both ju- 
venile and adult literature, have been displayed in the windows and in the 
library. Undoubtedly, this has been largely responsible for the increase in 
circulation. A special effort has been made to change the exhibit every 
two or three weeks. Quite frequently, people stop to look at the display 
and then come in to apply for a card. The library could be of more 
service to the adults if their room were better situated. As it is, those 
wishing to use the adult room must pass through the children's room, which 
from three-thirty to five-thirty is overflowing with eager, restless children. 
Many adults would like to use the library during these hours, but do not 
come because of this difficulty. Gain in circulation, 11,1 63. 


The women using the library evidently look forward to their visits, for a 
bit of gossip and news. Some who are not strong enough to get about 
much regard their weekly trip to the library for books in the light of an 
adventure, and one woman, housed with an aged mother to care for, gets 


much cheer from her visit. For various reasons, the Hbrary means more 
than just books to many of the community. Gain in circulation, 1 ,458. 


Mattapan is fortunate in having among its patrons many who read for 
the love of reading and for the joy of cultivating the mind. They are 
discriminating and decided in their tastes and determined to have what 
they want. The keynote of the past year has been the pleasant personal 
relations established between the staff and the public. Young and old 
seek the librarian's advice about their reading and criticize the books when 
read, feeling sure of the interest and sympathy of the staff. Gain in cir- 
culation. 2 1 .090. 


As regards light, warmth, and cheerfulness. Mount Bowdoin is the acme 
of perfection. But it lacks space, in fact, a building twice the size is 
needed. The 1923—24 increase in the adult circulation has been main- 
tained, and even advanced, but the gain is not what it should be, owing to 
the cramped quarters. From three-thirty to eight o'clock, most of the 
room and practically all the time and attention of the librarian and her 
assistants are engaged by the constant flow of children from the neighboring 
schools. The grown people read for recreation, and no not care to come 
to a place where the crowd, at busy hours is so great that passageway 
around the tables and access to the shelves is difficult. Gain in circulation, 


During the summer months, when out of door life calls the patrons, and 
the library is often forgotten, posters are displayed on the bulletin board, 
with such captions as "So you are going to Europe. If not in reality, why 
not by books? Read . . ." "Are you interested in cooking? Read 
. . ," etc. Many people use the shower baths which are in the same 
building as the library. Their attention is attracted by typewritten sheets, 
bearing the legend: "After the shower, why not a book? The Library is 
just around the corner!" Gain in circulation, 976. 


The public served at Neponset is strictly American. Almost all are 
home owners, and the stable character of the neighborhood makes it possi- 
ble for the librarians to become intimately acquainted with the patrons, their 
tastes and needs. This intimacy is particularly noticeable among the 
children, who frequently write only their first name and address on the 
home slips, when borro^ving books. A slip may read "John, Minot 
Street," and the librarian always knows who "John" is. It is customary 


for a member of the staff, when she has occasion to pass the house of a 
patron, to deliver a book which has been asked for. This is known in the 
library as the "Rural Free Delivery System." Gain in circulation, 1,1 13. 


To stand at the gateway of the nation, offering to those who enter the 
gift of friendship, is indeed a high privilege. The welcome offered by the 
branch library is not a temporary, individual one, but a welcome from the 
great of all ages. The people of this district have curiosity, ambition and 
faith. They crowd the reading rooms and use the books freely. Gain 
in circulation, 9,746. 


The display window is an excellent means of letting the public know 
what books may be found in the library, and also of acquainting the staff 
with the books that are most in demand. Books on engineering or auto- 
mobiling will not remain in the window more than half an hour, whereas 
a fascinating display of travel may be untouched for weeks. Possibly 
Orient Heights is exceptional in this respect, but there are not more than 
five patrons who choose non-fiction, except when it can be of use to them 
in their work. Gain in circulation, 10,025. 


Until recently our work with foreigners has been practically nil, but 
within the past six months Lithuanians, Poles and Swedes have taken up 
their residence in the neighborhood, and the juvenile members of these 
families have made immediate application for cards. In this district the 
relation of the library to the schools is important. Primary and grammar 
material is supplied to the Farragut, Thomas Dwight, Our Lady of Per- 
petual Help, Charles Bulfinch, Comins and Martin Schools; high school 
material to the students of the High School of Commerce, the Girls' Latin 
and Boys' Latin, and college material to the pupils of Teachers' College. 
The co-operation with and appreciation of the library by the teachers of 
these schools is remarkable and is very stimulating to the best efforts of the 
librarian. Loss in circulation, 7,043. 


In spite of the fact that there are several circulating libraries in the im- 
mediate vicinity, the branch still holds its own. A children's room, es- 
tablished last year, is now fully developed. A new entrance for their use 
relieves some of the turmoil formerly occasioned by the entrance of the 
undisciplined youth in the adult room. This, of course, has helped in 
maintaining order, which has much improved. Gain in circulation, 5,552. 



The character of the district is changing. Jewish patrons are moving 
out and colored people taking their place. In the early fall a band of 
Gypsies, comprising about thirty families, settled in our midst. Many of 
the children came to the library, and a very picturesque sight were the 
girls, in their striking costumes — long, full, bright-colored skirts, white 
bodice and gay scarves over head and shoulders. Many wore ear-rings 
and bracelets of silver and gold. Gain in circulation, 9,274. 


For fourteen years, the need of a new library building for South Boston 
has been stressed by librarians and Examining Committees. The circu- 
lation has grown steadily, but the library facilities have not kept pace. 
During the last two years only twenty-six per cent of the total number of 
books issued has gone to adults. During the hours when working people 
might use the library, the whole place is overrun with children, because 
the children's facilities are totally inadequate. The cramped quarters, 
moreover, make it impossible to allow the children the opportunity of 
browsing among the books and finding things for themselves, which is so 
important a factor in creating the real love of reading and the desire to 
spend leisure hours in the library. During the past year 98,318 volumes 
have been issued to children. If the adults are to be given a fair chance, 
and the children are to be continued in good reading habits, it is imperative 
that the library should have separate rooms for the convenience and pleasure 
of both. Gain in circulation, 1 3,626, 


In this district the reading room is constantly used by the older people, 
and its capacity is often taxed to the utmost. The patrons are lovers of 
good literature, and books on biography, science, industrial arts, history and 
religion are much in demand. Very little fiction is required in the reading 
room, aside from that found in the magazines and periodicals. Gain in 
circulation, 6, 1 63. 


The following interesting comments by three prominent residents of the 
neighborhood are quoted in full: 

Miss Bertha Hazard of Hemenway House: "My eighteen years resi- 
dence in this neighborhood and the five years of teaching in the Quincy 
Evening School have given me a wide knowledge of this section of Boston. 
No other part of the city has changed so much in such a short time. It 
was formerly a residential neighborhood, of Irish families, with St. James 


Church as their center. Their place has been taken by the Syrians, 
Greeks, Itahans and Chinese, or the business houses. St. James parish 
now consists mainly of transients. The widening of Kneeland Street into 
Stuart Street has converted the adjoinmg section into a business center." 

Mr. Wadir Shakir, editor of the Syrian Press: "The removal of many 
Syrians to the Shawmut Avenue and Roxbury districts has had a detri- 
mental effect upon the library. The officers of the leading Syrian or- 
ganizations are not residents of this section. This fact shows that the 
neighborhood is no longer the old home town of its more prosperous Syrian 

The late Mr. Robert A. Woods, Director of South End House: "The 
removal of Syrians and Armenians to the Shawmut Avenue section during 
the last few years has been very noticeable. Naturally this change in the 
population has affected the library. I should judge that the Syrians as a 
race are not great readers. The increase of the Chinese colony would not 
mcrease the circulation. Smce the Jewish people are such an asset for 
library circulation, I should think that efforts could be made to encourage 
the colony beyond the railroad bridge to use your branch. The natural 
increase of business houses crowds out the better type of families for the 
more transient types." 

Loss in circulation, 4,949, 

upham's corner branch. 

A library located in a municipal building may well play its part in the 
development of the district. This branch has been given supervision of 
the large bulletin board in the main corridor with the stipulation that all 
official activities of the district be displayed on it as well as those relating 
to the library. There have been posted, in addition to notices of local 
municipal affairs, material relating to the schools, current events and, among 
library notices, numerous book lists. From the beginning the lists have 
appeared so desirable that their early disappearance could be counted 
upon. At Upham's Corner one does not find a particuar type of bor- 
rower. There is a general reading public having a strong inclination for 
fiction with the usual and frequent exceptions on the part of the student, 
study and literary groups. Loss in circulation, I 3,756. 

warren street branch. 

A teacher of Hebrew recently applied for a Special Card. Against 
the question — "Reason for granting this request?" — he wrote: "Study 
is my life ideal." In a broad sense, this remark typifies the spirit of the 
borrower at Warren Street. During the past year this has been especially 
noticed in the groups of people who have come here from Russia or Poland, 
including, as usual, a large number who have been enrolled in the principal 
universities of their respective countries. The new arrivals are anxious to 


acquire English as a step toward becoming citizens, and often the beginning 
of this course is at the registration desk of the branch. Here there may be 
found one or more members of the staff, well-equipped to handle the dif- 
ficulties of language. Gain in circulation, 1 4,822. 


It is nice to be able to say "thank you" to those in command for the 
many favors shown to the West End Branch this year, such as an ade- 
quate lighting system, the installation of a telephone, repairs to the roof, 
etc., but this stately and historic building, formerly Dr. Bartol's Old West 
Church, is constantly in need of cleaning, repairing and painting, if it is to 
be kept from deterioration, and is to be preserved in a manner befitting its 
beauty and historic interest. Would it perhaps be possible to raise an 
endowment fund for the proper upkeep of the building, among those who 
belonged, or whose ancestors belonged, to Dr. Bartol's Church, and who 
would doubtless be interested for the sake of old time memories? Gain in 
circulation, 3,054. 


The Girl Scouts applied to the library for work. A great deal was 
found for them to do. Since last April they have cut out of the Geographic 
Magazines for picture collections, 3,162 pictures on I I 8 subjects. They 
also fetch and carry books for patrons who are unable to come to the 
library. The little girls also want to work, and five or six of them, about 
nine years old, have made twenty scrap-books, which will be sent to the 
North End Branch, as a Christmas present to the North End children. 
In March, 1924, a series of book-reviews was started in connection with 
the Women's Club which meets in the library each month. The lists of 
books printed at Central are very useful to the meetings of the Book 
Review and of the Book Clubs. There are twenty of these Book Clubs, 
with about eighteen members in each. Gain in circulation, 7,050. 


Director, Charles F. D. Belden. 

Assistant to Director, Robert A. Howes. 

Reference Librarian, Frank H. Chase. 

Executive Secretary, Delia Jean Deery. 

Auditor. Adelaide A. Nichols. 

Bates Hall Centre Desk, Patent and Newspaper Department: Pierce E. 
Buckley, Chief. 
Patent Division, William J. Ennis, Assistant in Charge. 
Newspaper Division, Frederic Serex, Assistant in Charge. 


Bindery Department: James W. Kenney, Chief. 

Branch Department: Edith Guerrier, Supervisor of Branches. 

Central Branch Issue Division, Alice V. Stevens, Assistant in Charge. 

Branch Binding Division, Marian A. McCarthy, Assistant in Charge. 

Shipping Division, Robert F. Dixon, Assistant in Charge. 

* For Branch Librarians, see below. 
Catalogue Department: Samuel A. Chevalier, Chief. 
Card Division, T. Francis Brennan, Assistant in Charge. 
Shelf Division, Michael McCarthy, Chief Classifier, in Charge. 
Children's Department: Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor of Work with 

Children's Librarian, Central Library, Mary C. Toy. 
Engineer and Janitor Department: William F. Quinn, Supt. of Buildings. 
Information Office: John H. Reardon, Assistant in Charge. 
Issue Department: Frank C. Blaisdell, Chief. 
Ordering Department: Theodosia E. Macurdy, Chief. 
Periodical Room: Francis J. Hannigan, Assistant in Charge. 
Printing Department: Francis Watts Lee, Chief. 
Registration Department: A. Frances Rogers, Chief. 
Special Libraries Department: Winthrop H. Chenery, Chief. 
Technology Division, George S. Maynard, Assistant in Charge. 
Music Division, Richard G. Appel, Assistant in Charge. 
Barton -Ticknor Division, Zoltan Haraszti, Assistant in Charge. 
Statistical Department: Horace L. Wheeler, Chief. 
Stock Room: Timothy J. Mackin, Custodian. 
^Branch Librarians: 

Allston, Katherine F. Muldoon. 

Andrew Square, Elizabeth H. McShane. 

Boylston Station, Edith R. Nickerson. 

Brighton, Marian W. Brackett. 

Charlestown, Katherine S. Rogan 

City Point, Alice L. Murphy. 

Codman Square, Elizabeth P. Ross. 

Dorchester, Edith F. Pendleton. 

East Boston, Laura M. Cross. 

Faneuil, Gertrude L. Connell. 

Fellowes Athenaeum, Mary E. Ames. 

Hyde Park, Grace L. Murray. 

Jamaica Plain, Katie F. Albert. 

Jeffries Point, Margaret A. Calnan. 

Lower Mills, Isabel E. Wetherald (acting). 

Mattapan, Lois Clark (acting). 

Mount Bowdoin, Theodora B. Scoff. 

Mount Pleasant, Margaret H. Raid. 

Neponset, Ellen C. McShane. 


North End, Mary F. Curley (acting). 
Orient Heights, Catharine F. Flannery. 
Parker Hill, Mary M. Sullivan. 
Roslindale, Annie M. Donovan. 
Roxbury Crossing, Katrina M. Sather. 
South Boston, M. Florence Cufflin. 
South End, Margaret A. Sheridan. 
Upham's Corner, Beatrice C. Maguire. 
Tyler Street, Marion C. Kingman. 
Warren Street, Beatrice M. Flanagan. 
West Roxbury, Carrie L. Morse. 
West End, Fanny Goldstein. 


Accessions, 2, 31-38, 65-66. 

Administration and finance, 23—24. 

Allsion Branch, 25, 55, 78. 

Andrew Square Branch, 78. 

Balance sheet, expenses, 18, 20; re- 
ceipts, ^9, 21. 

Barton - 1 icknor Room, 48, 49. 

Bates Hail, Centre Desk and Reference, 

Bindery, 27-28, 58-59, 68. 

Books, 27; accessions, 2, 31-38, 65- 
66; circulation, 2, 31. 46-47, 49-50, 


Boyiston Station Branch, 25, 78. 

Branches, 24-26, 30-31, 53-56; ac- 
cessions, 54; buildings, 55; circula- 
tion, 54, 62-65; committees, 56; per- 
sonnel, 55; reports, 78-86. 

Brighton Branch, 25, 56, 79. 

Buildings, 30-31, 55. 

Catalogue and Shelf Department, 24, 
39^0, 66-68. 

Charlestown Branch, 79. 

Children's Department and Work with 
Children, 24, 26-27, 50-53; circula- 
tion, 50; instruction, 51, 58; fines, 
16-17; rooms, 51-52. 

Circulation, 2, 31, 4(>47, 49-50, 62- 

City Point Branch, 79. 

Codman Square Branch, 79. 

Co-operation, 53. 

Director, Report of, 30-61. 

Dorchester Branch, 25, 55, 79. 

East Boston Branch, 55, 80. 

Employees, instruction of, 51, 58; of- 
ficials, 86—88; retirements and death, 

Estimates, 2. 

Examining Committee, members of, 17; 
recommendations of, 28—29; report 
of, 22-29. 

Exhibitions, 49, 57, 72-73. 

Faneuil Branch, 80. 

Fellowes Athenaeum Branch, 80-81. 

Finance, balance sheets, 18—21 ; ex- 
penditures, 31-32; receipts, 1 ; trust 
funds. 3-1 5. 

Fine Arts Department, 47, 48. 

Fines for younger borrowers, 16—17, 

Gardner, Isabella Stewart, Fund, 3. 

Gifts and bequests, 2-3, 14, 37-38, 73- 


Government documents. (See In- 
formation Office.) 

Hyde Park Branch, 81. 

Information Office, 45-46. 

Jamaica Plain Branch, 81. 

Jeffries Point Branch, 81. 

Kimball, David P., Fund, 2-3. 

Kirstein, Louis E., elected president of 
Board of Trustees, 1 ; re-appointed 
trustee, 1. 

Lang, B. J., Memorial, 3. 

Lectures, 49, 57-58, 68-72. 

Library Life. 41. 
Lower Mills Branch, 25, 81-82. 
Mattapan Branch, 26, 55, 82. 
Memorial Tablet, 3. 
?vlt. Bowdoin Branch, 26, 82. 
Mt. Pleasant Branch, 82. 
Murray, Michael J., elected vice-presi- 
dent of Board of Trustees, I. 

Music Division, 24, 41, 47-48, 49. 

Needs of the Library. 15-16. 28. 

Neponset Branch, 82-83. 

Newspaper Room, 44. 

North End Branch, 51, 53. 

Open Shelf Room. {See Information 

Orient Heights Branch, 83. 
Parker Hill Branch, 55, 83. 
Patent Room, 44-45. 
Periodical Room, 46—47. 
Printing Department, 27, 59, 68. 
Publications, 40-41. 53. 
Registration Department, 38. 
Repairs and improvements. 30—31. 
Roslindale Branch, 83. 
Roxbury Crossing Branch. 84. 


South Boston Branch, 26, 52, 55, 84. Trustees, organization of, 1 ; report 

South End Branch. 84. of. 1-17. 

Special Libraries. 24, 28, 47-50. Tyler Street Branch, 84-85. 

Staff. (See Employees.) University Extension Courses. 57. 

Story hour, 52. Uphams Corner Branch, 52, 55, 85. 

Teachers' Room, 52-53. War Memorial Tablet, 3. 

Technology Division, 47, 48-49. Warren Street Branch, 25, 55, 85-86. 

Trust Funds, expenditures, 18, 20; re- West End Branch, 16, 25, 55, 86. 

ceipts, 19; statement of, 3-14, 15. West Roxbury Branch, 56, 86. 

Central Library, Copley Square. 1 

Branch Libraries, February 1, 1925. 

ch. 3a Norlh Bennel St. . 
ch. Shawmul Ave. and West Brooklii 
h. Cambridge, cor. Lynde Si. . 
nch, Tyler, cor. Oak Si. . 

inch, Academy Hill 
ch. 138 Brighton A 
ich, 100 Brooks Si. 


ch. M. 

City Proper. 

Norlh End Br: 

Soulh End Bu 

Wesi End Bra 

Tyler Sireel B 

Brighlon B 

Allslon Bra 

Faneuil Bo 

Charleslown B 

Dorchesler Bra 

Codman Squar 

Upham's Corn 

Lower M.IU Branch. Washinglon, 

Mallapan Branch. 7 Babson Si. . 

MounI Bowdoin Branch. Washington, c 

Neponsel Branch, 362 Neponset Ave. . 
East Boston. 

East Boston Branch. 276-282 Merldiar 

leffries Poini Branch. 195 Webster St. 

Orient Heights Branch. 1030 Bennington Si 
Hyde Park. 

Hyde Park Branch, 
Jamaica Plmn. 

I Square, cor. Monumei 

h, Arcadia, cor. Adams Si. . 
Branch. Washinalon, cor. Norfolk St 
Branch, Columbia Road, cor. Bird St, 
Richmond Si 

Eldon Si. 



.rd Av 

Winlhrop St. 

Plain Bn 

h, Sedgwick, cor 
mch. Depot Squ 

Boylslon Station B 

Fellowes Atheneur 

Warren Sireel Bra 

Mount Pleasant B 

Parker Hill Branc 

Roxbury Crossing 
South Boston. 

South Boston Branch, 372 Bro 

Andrew Square Branch, 396 D. 

City Pomt Branch, Broadway. 
West Roxbury. 

West Roxbury Branch, Centre, 

Roslindale Branch, ■Vt'ashington, 

m Branch. 46 MllmonI St. 
,nch. 392 Warren St. . 
ranch. Dudley, cor. Vine St. 
:h. 1518 TremonI Si. 
Branch, 208 Ruggles St. . 

idway . 
.rchester St. . 
near H St. . 

rear Ml. Vernon St. 
cor. Ashland St. . 

Area of Cily (Land only) 45.60 Square mile: 

Populalion (Census of 1920), 748.060. 

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