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ANNIJAT. REPORT 



AND WIRE DIVISION 



CrVY OF hOSI^ON 



YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1927 



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CITY OF BOSTON 

PRTxiTiv/) DEPARTMENT 

1928 






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ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPAETMENT 

AND WIRE DIVISION 



CITY OF BOSTOK 



FOE THE 



YEAE EI:^DI]SrG DEOEMBEE 31, 1927 




CITY OF BOSTON 

PRINTING DEPARTMENT 

1928 



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OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 



Eugene C. Hultman, 

Fire Commissioner. 

Herbert J. Hickey, 

Executive Secretary of the Department. 

Daniel F. Sennott, 
Chief of Department. 

George L. Fickett, 
Superintendent of Fire Alarm Division. 

Walter J. Burke, 

Superintendent of Wire Division. 

Edward E. Williamson, 

Superintendent of Maintenance Division. 

Peter F. Walsh, 

Superintendent of Fire Prevention Division. 

William J. McNally, M. D., 

Medical Examiner. 



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 witii funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualreport1927boston 



[Document 12 — 1928.] 




ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

FIRE DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1927. 



Boston, January 1, 1928. 

Hon. Malcolm E. Nichols, 

Mayor of the City of Boston. 

Dear Sir, — I have the honor to submit herewith the 
following report of the activities of the Boston Fire 
Department for the year ending December 31, 1927, as 
required by section 24, chapter 4 of the Revised Ordi- 
nances of 1925. 

Fire Loss. 

The total fire loss for 1927 in the City of Boston 
as estimated by the insurance companies amounted 
to $3,694,641, which was $1,505,324, or approximately 
29 per cent less than the loss for 1926 and $1,712,429, 
or approximately 32 per cent less than the loss for 1925. 
There has also been a reduction in the number of alarms 
in 1927, when the department responded to a total of 
7,332 alarms of fire, which is 538 or 6 per cent less than 
in 1926. This reduction in the fire loss in Boston is 
more noticeable because of the fact that the loss in the 
entire United States was reduced only about 10 per cent 
in 1927, as announced by the Annual Convention of the 
National Fire Protection Association. The foregoing 
figures show that the fire loss in Boston was reduced 
three times that of the average of the whole country. 



City Document No. 12. 



The following table shows a comparison in the fire 
loss between Boston and certain other large cities in the 
country. 

Annual Fike Losses. 



1926. 


1927. 


$5,199,965 


$3,694,641 


5,572,000 


4,230,000 


21,671,000 


19,800,000 


14,894,000 


13,630,000 


2,297,000 


2,330,000 


2,474,000 


2,582,000 


3,519,000 


5,715,000 



Percentage Increase 
or Decrease Indicated 

by + or — . 



Boston 

Philadelphia 
New York. . 

Chicago 

Cleveland . . . 
St. Louis. . . . 
Detroit 



— 29% 

— 24% 

— 9% 

— 8% 
+ 1% 
+ 4% 

+ 62% 



It should be noted that Philadelphia received the 
prize awarded by the U. S. Chamber of Commerce for the 
city which showed the greatest decrease in fire loss during 
the year. Boston was not entered in this contest, but 
decreased its fire loss 5 per cent more than the first prize 
winner. 

In so far as the Fire Department is concerned this 
reduction in losses can be attributed to two important 
factors, namely, the increased efficiency and co-ordina- 
tion of the fire fighting force and the reorganization of 
the Fire Prevention Division. 

During the past year and one half constant study and 
consideration has been given to improved methods of 
fire fighting in the department. New appliances have 
been introduced and many other changes have been made 
to increase the efficiency of both men and apparatus. 

Fire Prevention. 

Greater efforts have been directed towards fire pre- 
vention than ever before. In accordance with several 
conferences, which were held with your Honor in 1926, it 
was decided that some action should be taken by the 
City of Boston with a view to reducing the fire loss in our 
city. For many years the city has been criticised for 
having one of the highest per capita fire losses in the 
country. According to the published tables of the 
National Fire Protection Association the per capita fire 
loss for the City of Boston in 1926 was $6.59 as com- 
pared with $3.07 for Baltimore, $3.09 for St. Louis, 



Fire Department. 3 

$3.37 for Pittsburgh and $2.73 for Detroit. The total 
loss for the City of Boston in 1925 was $5,407,070. 

With your Honor's approval arrangements were made 
to reorganize the Fire Prevention Division and place it 
under the direction of an official who had a thorough 
knowledge of the subject. It was finally decided to 
recall from the retired list former Chief of Department, 
Peter E. Walsh. Chief Walsh took charge of the Fire 
Prevention Division in October, 1926, and introduced 
new systems of inspection in order that certain fire 
hazards throughout the city might be removed. During 
the past year all classes of buildings in the city were 
inspected by the members permanently and tempo- 
rarily assigned to the inspection force of the division. 
The total number of inspections made by the inspectors 
of the Fire Prevention Division were 211,926. There 
were 940 orders sent to owners and occupants to correct 
fire menaces. In the balance of the cases, where con- 
ditions were found which required attention, a verbal 
request from the inspector was all that was necessary. 
Two thousand seven hundred and thirty oil burners were 
inspected and 546 defects remedied. There were 26 con- 
victions for failure to comply with orders of the Fire 
Commissioner to remedy hazardous conditions. Out- 
side of the Fire Prevention Division 44,925 inspections 
were made by the district officers of the department, 
making a total of 256,851 inspections by the department 
for the year as compared with 125,060 for 1926. The 
number of inspections for 1927 was the greatest ever 
recorded in the history of the department. 

The appropriation expended for the year, including 
the Wire Division, was $4,285,720.28. The revenue 
from all sources amounted to $132,529.85. 

During the year the department purchased the follow- 
ing pieces of major fire apparatus: 

6 Combination chemical and hose cars. 

2 Aerial ladder trucks. 

3 Four-wheel tractors. 

New Equipment. 

During the present administration new equipment 
has been added to the department which has proven 
invaluable, thus reducing losses. A very valuable addi- 
tion was equipping the work boats attached to our fire 
boats with outboard motors and the installation of 
four to five horse power motor pumps which will deliver 



4 City Document No. 12. 

forty-two gallons of water per minute at seventy pounds 
pressure. These boats have already proven their worth 
by getting at fires located under docks, wharves, bridges 
and other places where fires occur along the waterfront 
that are inaccessible with the equipment carried on our 
fireboats and land companies. Previous to the installa- 
tion of this type of equipment the department was 
severely handicapped by being obliged to launch a row- 
boat, and with this make-shift arrangement, row the 
boat, handle the line and keep everything balanced. It 
was not always possible to get much nearer the fire 
than the fireboat itself could get, and often the row- 
boat tipped over, jeopardizing- the lives of the occupants. 
The new boat makes it possible to go places it was never 
possible to go before and to get quickly at the seat of 
the fire. This new boat also makes it unnecessary to 
waste time and energy of the men cutting floors and 
doing considerable axe work, and by using the boat it is 
possible to reach the fire without the delay incident to 
making openings in floors. 

Another effective addition which was made to the 
apparatus of the department was the introduction of an 
entirely new type of chiefs' car. 

Instead of the ordinary car of the roadster type, 
with which chief officers were formerly supplied and 
which carried no fire-fighting equipment, they are now 
being furnished with cars of the sedan type. The front 
seats of the car are used by the chief and his chauffeur, 
and the seats in the rear have been removed. A door 
has been cut in the rear of the body and the passenger 
space in back has been fitted to carry emergency tools 
and appliances. These new cars carry the following 
equipment : 

1 Callahan door opener. 

1 Mall. 

1 Hacksaw and blades. 

1 Elevator jack and wedges. 

2 Jack bars. 

3 Cold chisels. 
1 Crow bar. 

1 Pair of bolt and wire cutters. 

3 Hydrant wrenches. 

1 Life line. 

1 Tow line. 

6 Gas masks and canisters. 

1 Pair rubber gloves. 

1 Fire axe. 

2 Foam type extinguishers. 



Fire Department. 5 

Since the installation of these cars, the equipment 
carried on them has been used on many occasions, even 
to the extent of extinguishing fires without the assistance 
of the major apparatus of the department. Another 
advantage of equipping the district chiefs' cars, as 
outlined above, is that all this emergency equipment is 
centralized in one place and quickly available in case 
of necessity. These cars also provide a fire patrol for 
the city, as the district chiefs are constantly on the 
streets while making their inspections of companies 
and buildings. 

After making a very thorough study of the methods 
of fire fighting in Boston and other cities it became very 
apparent that the firemen were called upon to perform 
their duties under a severe handicap. In other words, 
they were compelled, literally, to ''work in the dark." 
It appeared necessary and important that some con- 
sideration should be given to this essential phase of their 
work and a study was made of miner's lights and the 
possibility of their adoption in fire fighting. An electric 
lamp has now been developed which firemen can wear in 
their helmets and which assure them of visibility where 
any light can penetrate. The lamp carries a light- 
weight, nonleakable storage battery, and will burn for 
more than six hours. Its use has been carefully observed 
and its effectiveness warrants further installations until 
the department is fully equipped. The idea of making a 
light a part of a fireman's equipment, without unduly 
encumbering him, has been a distinctive departure from 
previous methods. The results which have been 
obtained in Boston in adopting the fireman's light as 
part of their equipment have attracted the attention of 
other cities of the country. There are now approximately 
one hundred of these lights in use in the department 
and many reports are on file citing their effectiveness. 

During the year eighteen additional carbic flare lights 
were purchased and added to the equipment of the 
department in order to provide the men with light in 
the performance of their duty. The department is also 
planning to establish a new portable electric lighting 
system of greater capacity than the one we have at 
present. This should be completed early in the year 1928. 

Sixty-four additional service gas masks were purchased 
during the year in order that the men would be better 
equipped to perform their duty in buildings charged 
with gases and smoke. Two more Draeger smoke helmets 
were purchased for exceptionally hazardous duty. 



6 City Document No. 12. 

Other additional fire-fighting appliances were installed 
when replacements were necessary and the service 
required them. 

Foam-mixing apparatus was furnished and installed 
on Fireboat Engines 31, 44 and 47. 

Buildings. 

Two new fire stations are being erected. One on 
Parish street, Meeting House Hill, to provide accommo- 
dations for Engine Company 17 and Ladder Company 7. 
The contract was signed on June 23, 1927, and is to be 
completed at approximately the cost of $105,000. 
Another new station is being erected on Broadway, 
between Shawmut avenue and Washington street, to 
accommodate Engine Company 26, Engine 35, Rescue 
Company 1, Water Tower 2, the Chief of District 5, the 
Assistant Chief of Department and Chief of Department. 
The building will cost approximately $210,000. 

Considerable attention has been given to the con- 
dition of the other buildings and in many cases extensive 
repairs have been made to meet the demands of the 
service. 

The work of remodeling Engine Company 42 was com- 
pleted on April 1, 1927. This building was thoroughly 
remodeled and better and more comfortable quarters 
provided for the men. 

New concrete floors were installed at the quarters 
of Engine Company 11 and Ladder Company 21, Sara- 
toga and Byron streets. East Boston, and other changes 
made in the building. 

A new concrete floor was installed in the quarters of 
Engine Company 30 and Ladder Company 25, Centre 
street. West Roxbury. 

A new concrete floor was installed in Ladder Company 
23, Washington street, Grove Hall, and other repairs 
made to the building to put it in modern condition. 

Throughout the department improvements and 
changes have been made, such as the installation of 
hot water heaters, weather stripping on buildings to 
conserve heat, roofs and smoke pipes repaired, window- 
shades furnished, mattresses and pillows renovated, etc. 

Fire Apparatus. 

In addition to the new apparatus purchased during 
the year particular attention has been paid to the care 




i;#^y.,y^- 






Fire Department. 7 

and upkeep of the fire-fighting machinery in the service. 
The following apparatus has been given a thorough 
overhauling by the department mechanics during the 
year. 

23 Pumping engines. 
23 Hose cars. 

1 Fuel wagon. 
16 Chiefs' wagons. 

During the year the following pieces of apparatus 
were painted: 

9 Pumpers. 

14 Hose cars. 

8 Ladder trucks. 
i Water tower. 

15 Chiefs' cars. 
1 Fuel truck. 

1 Commercial truck. 
8 Small trucks 

The apparatus today is in the best condition it ever 
was in the history of the department. 

The three fireboats in the department were taken 
out of service for the annual inspection by the United 
States steamboat inspectors and considerable work was 
ordered to be done, so that the boats would be in sea- 
worthy condition. The boats are old and will require a 
considerable amount of repairs each year. Fourteen 
thousand eight hundred and ninety-six dollars was 
spent in contracts with outside concerns for making 
repairs to the boats and department mechanics per- 
formed 19,451 worth of work on the boats. 

Drill School. 

During the year thirty-nine appointees successfully 
passed the intensive course of instruction in the Depart- 
ment Drill School, together with several officers and 
members from departments from outside cities and 
towns. 

Pump School. 

Fourteen classes were conducted by the gasolene 

pumping engine school during the year, during which 

sixty-four officers and eighty-four men attended the 
course of instructions. 



8 City Document No. 12. 

Chauffeurs' School. 

Forty-eight members of the department received 
instructions in the chauffeurs' school during the year 
and were certified as operators of department motor 
apparatus. In addition, special instructions were given 
to various members in different companies. 

Annual Drill. 

The new plan of annual drill put into operation late 
in the fall of 1926, whereby every officer below the grade 
of district chief and every member of the department 
must attend six sessions of the drill, was carried on 
throughout the year, and every officer and member 
completed the drill about the middle of July. Another 
set of drills was then commenced and will continue into 
the year 1928. 

Company Drills. 

The regular weekly company drills, under the super- 
vision of district chiefs in the various districts, were 
held during the year, and in addition lectures were given 
by deputy chiefs on the subject of fire fighting, building 
inspection, etc., to the companies in their divisions. 

Hydrants. 

The following is a list of the hydrants in service for 
fire purposes on December 31, 1927, showing the number 
and different types of same: 



Public. 



Private. 



Ordinary post 

Boston post 

Lowry 

Boston Lowry 

Batchelder and Finneran post . 

Boston 

High pressure 

Chapman post 

Ludlow post 

Matthew post 

Coffin post 



Totals. 



4,033 
2,995 
1,162 

472 
1,685 
131 
451 
116 
7 



11,053 



136 

21 

30 

5 

3 

114 

55 

13 

4 

381 



Fire Department. 



High Pressure. 

The records of our two high pressure stations for the 
year are as follows : 



Station No. 1. 



Station No. 2. 



Total alarms to which pumps responded . . . 

Water discharge recorded on Venturi 
meters. 



254 
211,000 gallons 



165 
154,000 gallons 



(Owing to the construction of the Venturi meters, they 
do not record flows under 600 gallons per minute.) 

At the present time, the high pressure system now 
includes 16.80 miles of piping and 451 high pressure fire 
hydrants. 

Clothing. 



Article. 



Received 

and 

Distributed. 


Repaired. 


1,322 


1,071 


631 


157 


7 


5 


92 


28 


293 


636 


134 


330 


711 
91 






37 





Reissued. 



Trousers 

Sack coats 

Reefers 

Overcoats 

Rubber fire coats 

Fire hats 

Winter caps 

Summer caps . . . . 
Chin straps 



29 

39 

2 

9 



Medical. 

Number of cases of illness on file 349 

Number of cases of injury on file 1,543 

Number of injured (but remained on duty) on file . . 1,170 



Examinations. 

Inspections and examinations at headquarters (recorded) , 1,245 

For appointment as probationary firemen ... 36 

For appointment from probationary to permanent men . 39 
At engine houses of firemen, pulmotors, medicine chests 
and visits at homes of firemen, either sick or injured 

and at hospitals 1,500 



10 City Document No. 12. 

The number of sick and injured on file during this 
year was about the same average as the year previous. 
The number of injured remaining on duty during the 
past year was 81 less than in 1926. Many cases have 
been reported where firemen have been eager and prompt 
in rendering first aid to citizens as well as to firemen. 
Out of 1,543 cases of injuries reported during the year, 
1,170 remained on duty and were treated either in 
quarters or at the office of the family doctor or relief 
station as emergency required. 

FIRE ALARM. 

Operating Records. 

First alarms 3,462 

Second alarms 59 

Third alarms 19 

Fourth alarms 3 



Total 3,543 

Box Alarms Received but not Transmitted. 

Same box received two or more times for same fire . 304 

Adjacent box received for same fire .... 283 

Received from boxes but treated as stills ... 8 

Total ^ 

Still Alarms Received and Transmitted. 

Received from citizens (by telephone) .... 2,523 

Received from Police Department (by telephone) . 251 

Received from Fire Department stations . . . 1,127 

Received from boxes but treated as stills ... 8 
Mutual aid alarms, adjacent cities and towns, classified 

as stills .......... 49 

Emergency services, classified as stills .... 76 

Total 4,034 

Still alarms received by telephone for which box alarms 

were later transmitted 274 

Automatic and A. D. T, Alarms. 

Boston Automatic Fire Alarm Company: 

Transmitted by company to department stations . 118 

Department box alarms transmitted in connection with same : 

Before automatic alarms 5 

After automatic alarms ....... 4 



Fire Department. 11 

American District Telegraph Company : 

Received at Fire Alarm Office 39 

Department box alarms transmitted in connection with same : 

Before A. D. T. alarm was received .... 9 

After A. D. T. alarm was received .... 5 

Received after still alarm was transmitted . . 

A. D. T. alarms transmitted to department . . 30 

Summary of Alarms. 
Alarms received : 

Box alarms, including multiples 4,138 

Still alarms, all classes 4,034 

Boston automatic alarms 118 

A. D. T. alarms 39 



Total received from all sources .... 8,329 



Exclude following duplications : 

Box alarms received but not transmitted 

Still alarms for which box alarms were transmitted 

Automatic alarms for which box alarms were trans 

mitted 

A. D. T. alarms for which other alarms were pre- 
viously transmitted 

Total duplications eliminated .... 



595 
274 



14 



892 



Total alarms, with duplications elmiinated, to which 

department apparatus responded .... 7,437 

Fire Alarm Box Records. 

Boxes from which no alarms were received . . . 477 

Box tests and inspections 12,893 

(Note : All keyless doors are tested weekly.) 

Construction Work. 

Conditions in the fire alarm system were improved by 
extending the underground system, by the replacement 
of considerable line wire which was unsafe, and by 
installing boxes where they were particularly needed. 
The work was retarded to a considerable extent, how- 
ever, because the cable ordered was not accepted until 
it was too late to use it. This was due to unfavorable 
reports concerning tests made. Because of this handicap 
much of the work planned remained undone. 

About 7,441 feet of ducts were laid underground; 
37 box posts and 4 cable terminal posts were set; the 
position of 10 box posts and 2 cable posts was changed 



12 



City Document No. 12. 



because of change in street lines; of 68 posts damaged 
by vehicles, 21 were replaced by new, and one post was 
removed from service. Approximately 29,135 feet of 
cable was hauled into underground ducts for extension of 
system and about 4,970 feet of cable was used to replace 
defective cable or to replace cable that was too small. 
The overhead system was extended by the use of about 
8 miles of line wire, but to offset that, about 10 miles of 
line wire and 5 miles of working conductors in cables 
were removed from poles. 

This department installed 24 fire alarm boxes; 19 
were installed by the Schoolhouse Department and 6 
were installed on private property. The locations of 
8 boxes were changed and 9 boxes were removed from 
service. Two new box circuits were installed and all 
public boxes and posts were painted. A new method of 
numbering private fire alarm boxes has been adopted 
and about twenty boxes were renumbered. 

The radio service between fire alarm headquarters and 
the fire boats has proved to be very practical during 
the past year and new rules governing same have been 
made which will tend to increase efficiency. 



Underground Cables Installed. 
East Boston. 

Neptune road, from Bennington street to 

Cottage street 

To connect Box 6185 ..... 



Charlestown. 



Post connections 
Post connections 



City Proper. 
To connect horn at Cambridge and North 

Grove streets . 
Post connections 
Post connections 
Post connections 
Post connections 



Cond. 



Feet. 



4 


895 


4 


355 


10 


30 


20 


30 


2 


225 


4 


380 


10 


110 


19 


90 


37 


90 



South Boston. 
D street, from West Broadway to Baxter 

street 6 1,662 

D street, from West Broadway to West First 

street 6 1,085 

West First street, from C to D streets . . 6 558 



Fire Department. 13 

Cond. Feet. 

West First street, from E to Dorchester 

streets 6 1,436 

E street, from West Fourth to West Sixth 

streets 6 608 

G street, from East Sixth to East Eighth 

streets 6 869 

I street, from East Eighth street to Marine 

road 6 334 

L street, from East Eighth street to Marine 

road 6 327 

East Eighth street, from Dorchester street 

to Old Harbor street 6 1,572 

East Eighth street, from G to L streets . . 6 2,741 
Mercer street, from East Eighth to East 

Ninth streets 6 191 

Northern avenue, from C street to Box 7127, 4 1,322 

Post and pole connections .... 19 77 

Post and pole connections .... 10 142 

Post and pole connections .... 6 410 

Post and pole connections .... 4 270 



Dorchester. 

Washington street, from Codman street to 

River streets 

Washington, Sanford and Morton streets 
Post and pole connections 
Post and pole connections ... 
Post and pole connections 



6 
6 
10 
6 
4 



2,586 

2,236 

400 

300 

316 



Roxhury. 

Dudley street, from Ladder 4 to Warren 
street 

Northampton street, from Engine 23 to Wash- 
ington street 

Norfolk avenue, from Magazine street to 
Proctor street 

Magazine street, from Norfolk avenue to 
Kemble street 

George street, from Magazine street to 
Gerard street 

George street, from 
Clarence street 

Walnut and Westminster avenues to connect 
Box 2192 

Magazine street, from Norfolk avenue to 
George street 

Post and pole connections .... 

Post and pole connections .... 

Post and pole connections .... 



Magazine street to 



2 


651 


2 


483 


4 


317 


4 


343 


4 


450 


4 


440 


4 


804 


6 

4 

6 

10 


489 
122 
300 
420 



14 



City Document No. 12. 



West Roxhury. 



Post and pole connections 
Post and pole connections 



Post and pole connections 
Post and pole connections 



Brighton. 



Brookline. 
Huntington avenue, from South Huntington 

avenue to Station A 

St Mary's street, from 

Station C 



Beacon street to 



Cond. 


Feet. 


4 


194 


15 


95 


6 


150 


10 


30 


4 


1,770 


10 


530 



Box Posts Installed with Duct Lengths. 
East Boston. 

Prescott and Princeton streets 

Neptune road and Cottage street 

Saratoga street, near Annavoy street .... 

City Proper. 

Boylston and Exeter streets 

St. Botolph and Garrison streets 



South Boston. 
Northern avenue, near Fish Pier 
East Broadway and K street . 
East Fifth and streets . 
East Eighth and M streets 
N street and Columbia road . 

Dorchester. 
East Cottage and Humphreys streets . 
Howard avenue and Harlow street 
Howard avenue and Cunningham street 
Dudley and Monadnock streets 
Geneva avenue and Waldeck street 
Centre and Seaborn streets 
Morton and Owen streets 

Roxhury. 
Columbus avenue and Camden street 
Parker and Alleghany streets . 
Parker street and Parker Hill avenue 

Heath square 

Rockland and Rock streets 
Rockland street at Rockland avenue 



218 
10 



20 
99 



528 
49 

103 
23 

228 



11 
270 
414 
23 
24 
18 
31 



303 
30 
33 
49 
27 



10.5 



Fire Department. 



15 



Feet. 

11.5 

8.5 
303 
248 



138 

9 

39 

5 

270 

156 

17.5 

59 



301 
16 



Westminster street and Walnut Park road . 

Perrin and Alaska streets 

George and Gerard streets .... 
George and Clarence streets .... 

Jamaica Plain and West Roxbury. 
Minden and Day streets . 
Weld Hill and Wenham streets 
Hyde Park avenue and Hunter street 
Ashland street and Brown avenue . 
Ashland and Sheldon streets . 
Florence and Hawthorne streets 
Centre and Corey streets 
Wren street, opposite Danville street 

Brighton. 

Gordon and Ridgemont streets 
Washington and Brackett streets . 

Box Posts Replaced by New. 

{Broken by Vehicles.) 

State street, opposite Kilby street. 

Commonwealth avenue and Clarendon street. 

Washington street, opposite Water street. 

Commonwealth avenue and Washington street. 

Shawmut avenue and Waltham street. 

Hanover and Blackstone streets. 

Washington street, opposite Valentine street. 

Massachusetts avenue and Norway street. 

Charles street, opposite Poplar street. 

Washington and Dale streets. 

Harvard avenue and Cambridge street. 

City square. 

South street, opposite St. Mark street. 

East First and K streets. 

Brighton avenue and Chester street. 

Walnut avenue and Dale street. 

Somerset and Allston streets. 

Blue Hill avenue, opposite Clifford street. 

North square and Garden Court street. 

Forty-seven other posts were broken and parts were replaced. 



Posts Relocated. 

Harvard and Morton streets 

Dorchester avenue and Codman street. (Additional) 
Washington and Codman streets. (Additional) 
Adams and Codman streets 



New- 
Ducts 

28 
2 
1 

7 



16 



City Document No. 12. 



Adams street and Granite avenue 

Columbus avenue and Arlington street. (Additional) . 
Washington and East Dedham streets. (Additional) . 
Alford street and Arlington avenue (lowered.) 

Medford and Cottage streets 

Dock square (cable post, 6 ducts) 

Washington and Kneeland streets (cable post, 5 ducts). 
River street and Reddy avenue 



New 
Ducts. 

33 
2 

1 



28 
23 
21 



Posts Removed. 
Washington street, near Arborway. 

New Cable Posts. 

George and Magazine streets, Roxbury 

Codman square, Dorchester 

Main and Alford streets, Charlestown . 

Eliot and Centre streets, Jamaica Plain (2 ducts) 



Feet. 

19.5 

7.0 

12.0 

42.0 



New Manholes. 

East Cottage and Humphreys streets. 
Codman street, opposite Wessex street. 

New Handholes. 

George street, opposite Gerard street. 
Howard avenue and Harlow street. 
Howard avenue and Cunningham street. 
East street, rear Engine Company 17 house. 
Northern avenue and D street. 
Northern avenue, near No. 275. 
Heath square 
Florence and Hawthorne streets. 

New Pole Connections. 
N street, at East Eighth street 
Kemble street, at Magazine street 
Morton and Owen streets 
Morton and West Selden streets 
Ashland and Florence streets . 
Fairview and South streets * . 
Powell and Spring streets 
Bickford street, at Heath street * 
Fisher avenue, at Parker street * 
Parker Hill avenue, at Parker street * 
East Eagle street, at Prescott street * 
Mt. Vernon street, near railroad * . 



170 
75 
148 
173 
147 
197 
109 
205 
129 
178 
39 
551 



* Installed by the Telephone Company for this department. 



Fire Department. 



17 



Codman street, at Wessex street . 
Codman street, at Hillside street . 
East street, rear Engine Company 17 house 
Matchett street, at Washington street . 
Broadway, at Central Fire Station 
Codman street, near Carruth street 
Marsh street, at Granite avenue 

New Conduit. 
Northern avenue, at D street, between manholes 

Ducts Abandoned. 

Dock square (6 ducts) .... 
Washington and Kneeland streets (5 ducts) 
East Broadway and I street . 
East Fourth and L streets 
East Eighth and Dorchester streets 
West Fourth and E streets 
Howard avenue, near Dudley street 
Adams street and Granite avenue . 
Adams and Codman streets 
Codman street, near Carruth street 
Codman and Washington streets . 
Harvard and Morton streets . 
River street and Reddy avenue 
Oakland street, at River street 
Commonwealth avenue and Warren street 
Washington street, near Arborway 



Public Fike Alarm Boxes Installed. 

1565. St. Botolph and Garrison streets. 

1572. Boylston and Exeter streets. 

2192. Westminster avenue and Walnut Park road. 

2461. Forest Hills street and Rossmore road. 

2525. Hyde Park avenue and Hunter street. 

265. Cass street and Oak avenue. 

2718. Centre and Weld Streets. 

274. Centre and Corey streets. 

3131. George and Gerard streets. 

3146. Dudley and Monadnock streets. 

3387. Harvard street and Courtland road. 

3388. Harvard and Errol streets. 
3485. Hilltop and Whitridge streets. 
3537. Opposite 93 West Selden street. 
3529. Babson, Delhi and Grossman streets. 
5228. Western and Speedway avenues. 
5277. Faneuil and Goodenough streets. 
5283. Washington and Brackett streets. 



Feet. 

71 
300 

54 
107 

60 
108 
211 



28 



19 

21 

35 

30 

152 

88 

6 

19 

7 

130 

136 

6 

27 

179 

50 

5 



18 City Document No. 12. 

5296. Perthshire road and Matchett street. 

6185. Prescott and Princeton streets. 

6195. Neptune road and Cottage street. 

7127. Northern avenue, near Fish Pier. 

7317. East Broadway and K street. 

743. Marine road and I street. 

SCHOOLHOUSE BoXES INSTALLED. 

1335. Allston and Somerset streets, auxiliary to Somerset 
Street School. 
15-1481. Girls' Continuation School, Washington street, near 

Oak street. 
12-1625. Way Street School. 

2517. Washington street, at Toll Gate way, auxiliary. 
12-2322. Trade School for Girls, Hemenway street, opposite 
Astor street. 
2628. Wren and Danville streets, auxihary to Randall G. 

Morris School. 
2661. Washington and Stimson streets, auxihary. 
3266. Winter and East Streets, auxiliary to Lyceum Hall. 
3344. Champlain School, Athelwold street. 
12-3524. WilHam Brewster School, Morton and Norfolk 
streets. 
3575. Oakland and Kennebec street, auxiliary to Lowell 

Mason School. 
3627. Thomas J. Kenney School, Oak avenue, near Adams 

street. 
3773. Williams avenue and Summit street, auxiliary to 

Fairmount school. 
3816. Gordon avenue, near Austin street, auxiliary to 
Henry Grew School. 
12-414. Oliver Holden School, Pearl street, opposite Summer 
street. 
471. Abram E. Cutter School, Medford street, near Polk 
street. 
12-5161. Harriet E. Baldwin school, Corey road and Wash- 
ington street. 
12-627. Austin School, Paris street, near Meridian street. 
12-7416. Michael J. Perkins School, Vale street, near Mercer 
street. 

Peivate Boxes Installed. 
1264. Parker House. 
1533. Hotel Statler. 

1649. John L. Whiting, J. T, Adams, Harrison avenue and 
East Brookline street. 
12-2151. Warren Theatre, Warren and Waverly streets. 
2497. Faulkner Hospital, Centre and Allendale streets. 
3248. St. WilHams Parochial School, Savin Hill avenue 
and Tuttle street. 



Fire Department. 19 



Fire Alarm Boxes Relocated. 

2187. From Williams School, Homestead street, to Home- 
stead and Harold streets. 
12-3131. From Hampden and George streets to William 
• Eustis School, George street. 
3135. From George and Langdon streets to George and 

Clarence streets. 
3538. From West Selden and Rich streets to West Selden 

and Halborn streets. 
5285. From Mary Lyon School, Turner street, to Turner 

and Hester streets. 
687. From Noble School, Princeton street, to Princeton 

and Shelby streets. 
7422. From Columbia road and H street to East Eighth 

and H streets. 
7445. From East Fourth and streets to East Fourth and 

N streets. 

Fire Alarm Boxes Removed from Service. 

1267. Youngs Hotel. 

1335. Somerset and AUston streets.* 

1381. Home for Aged Women, Revere street. 

2125. Edison Electric Illuminating Company, Zeigler street. 

2517. Washington street and Toll Gate way. 

2661. Washington and Stimson streets. 

3472. Walnut Street School, Neponset. 

3773. Williams avenue and Summit street.* 

3816. Gordon avenue, near Austin street.* 

Fire Alarm Boxes in Service. 

Total number 1,412 

983 

256 

53 

120 



Owned by Fire Department 

Owned by Schoolhouse Department 

Owned by Boston Automatic Fire Alarm Company 

Privately owned 



Department Boxes. 

On box posts 580 

On poles 384 

On buildings 15 

In buildings 4 

Equipped with keyless doors (bell-ringing attachment) 845 

Equipped with keyless doors (glass guards) .... 49 

Equipped with " quick-action " doors .... 83 

Equipped with key doors ...... 6 

* Fire Deparment boxes removed from service and schoolhouse boxes installed in place 
thereof. 



20 



City Document No. 12. 



Equipped with auxiliary attachments 

Succession type 

Designated by red hghts . 



2 
332 
611 



SCHOOLHOUSE BoXES. 

On box posts 

On poles 

On buildings 

In buildings 

Equipped with keyless doors . 

Equipped with key doors 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments 

Succession type 

Designated by red lights . 



Boston Automatic Fire Alarm Company Boxes. 

On poles .... 

On buildings . . 

In buildings 

Equipped with keyless doors 

Equipped with key doors . 

Equipped with auxiliary attachments 

Succession type 



Private Boxes 

On poles .... 
On buildings 
In buildings 

Equipped with keyless doors 
Equipped with key doors 
Equipped with "quick-action" doors 
Equipped with auxiliary attachments 
Succession type 



Fire Alarm Boxes in Districts 

District 9 

District 10 

District 11 

District 12 

District 13 

District 14 

District 15 



District 1 






83 


District 2 






70 


District 3 






35 


District 4 






85 


District 5 






54 


District 6 






97 


District 7 






91 


District 8 






104 



Fire Department. 



21 



Classification of Fiee Alarm Boxes. 



Academies 

Adjoining city 

Armory . 

Asylums 

Car houses 

Cemetery 

City yards 

Home for Aged People 

Hospitals 

Hotels . 

Manufacturing plants 

Museum 

Navy Yard . 

Office buildings 

Power stations 

Prison 



4 
1 
1 
4 
9 
1 
2 
1 

23 
5 

26 
1 



Public hall . 
Railroad shops 
Railroad stations 
Railroad yards 
Retail stores . 
Restaurant . 
Schoolhouses (public) 
Schoolhouses (p a r o 

chial) . 
Stock yard 
Street boxes (public) 
Theaters 
Warehouses . 
Wharves 
Wholesale houses 



1 
5 
5 

12 

4 

1 

256 

4 
1 
973 
28 
8 
9 
4 



Posts and Cable Terminal Boxes. 

Box posts in service 628 

Box posts installed but not yet used .... 21 

Cable posts in service (large size) 75 

Cable posts in service (small size) ..... 25 

Pole cable boxes in service (underground connections) ,• 262 



Circuits. 

Box circuits 

Tapper circuits 

Gong circuits 

Special signalling circuits 
Telephone lines to department stations 
Telephone lines to Roxbury Exchange , 
Telephone lines to Kenmore Exchange , 



75 
18 
16 

3 
65 

2 
10 



There are special lines to the Protective Department, 
A. D, T. Company and the Boston Automatic Fire Alarm 
Company and tie Unes to switch boards at PoHce Head- 
quarters, Edison Electric Illuminating Company and to the 
Wire Division of the Fire Department. 



Fire Alarm Apparatus. 

Tappers in service 

Boston tappers in adjoining cities and towns 
Tappers connected to systems of adjoining cities and 
towns in Boston stations 



167 
10 



22 



City Document No. 12. 



Gongs in service 

Registers in service, outside of fire alarm office 
Relays in service, outside of fire alarm office 
Telephones in department lines 
Public telephones rented by department 
Traffic horns in service . . . . 
Traffic bells in service . . . . . 



110 
31 
23 

148 

21 

9 

25 



SUMMAEY OF WORK DONE. 



Approximately, 
Number of Feet. 



Line wire used in new work and replacements 

Line wire removed from service 

Aerial cable installed .... 

Conductors in same 

Aerial cable removed from service . 

Conductors in same 

Underground cable installed . 

Conductors in same 

Underground cable replaced (due to defects) 

Conductors in same 

Conduits laid by this department . 

Ducts in same 

Ducts abandoned 

Manholes built 

Handholes built 

Fire alarm boxes installed by this department 

Fire alarm boxes installed by Schoolhouse Depart 

ment 

Fire alarm boxes installed on private property 

Fire alarm boxes relocated 

Fire alarm boxes removed from service 

Box posts installed 

Box posts relocated 

Box posts reset or replaced by new 

Box posts removed from service 

Cable posts installed .... 

Cable posts relocated .... 

Underground cable boxes attached to poles 

Underground cable boxes removed from service 



81,340 

52,400 

2,200 

6,300 

4,100 

41,000 

29,135 

162,895 

4,970 

106,027 

7,399 

7,441 

1,089 

2 

8 

24 

19 

6 

8 

9 

37 

10 

21 

1 

4 

2 

5 

5 



WIRE DIVISION. 

The usual and normal increase in the use of electricity 
for lighting, heating and power purposes has necessitated 
more diligent inspection and closer observation on the 
part of the members of the division, and particular 
attention has been given to all new installations in order 
to pass upon and grant permission for the use of current. 



Fire Department. 23 

Old work is deteriorating from time to time, due to age, 
wear and vibration, and whenever possible inspections 
have been made by the division and defective con- 
ditions ordered corrected. 

Regular inspections have been made of theaters, halls 
and other places of public assembly, as well as additional 
installations in department stores, hotels, etc., where a 
fire might mean a loss of human life as well as property 
damage. 

During the year the insurance loss from fires found to 
have been caused by electricity was approximately 
1240,000. Of this amount more than one half was 
confined to three fires, the balance being distributed 
among approximately one hundred smaller fires. The 
heaviest loss was about $135,000 for a fire caused by a 
breakdown of insulation of 100-ampere service cable 
(old Parkway cable) 115-230 volts, where the cable 
entered the foundation wall. This cable had been in 
service many years. 

One fire, where the loss was about $40,000, was 
caused by an employee who unscrewed an old lamp from 
its socket to replace it with a new one. In doing so he 
put considerable strain on the cord, bending it and break- 
ing some of the strands. The ends of the broken strands 
were brought in contact with wire of opposite pole, 
resulting in a short circuit which set fire to the insulation. 
When the employee let go of the lamp the blazing cord 
swung against excelsior-covered merchandise, setting 
fire to same and communicating to building. 

The third fire caused a loss of about $14,000 and was . 
caused by installation of cord feeding a combination gas 
and electric fixture, being worn through to the bare wire 
by constant moving of a loose arm of fixture, causing 
an arc and burning wires up through stem of fixture, 
then extending to other parts of the room. 

Several reports were received of blown fuses and short 
circuits in wiring of electric cars, also fires in wiring of 
automobiles which did not require examination. 

The principal accomplishments of the division during 
the past year are as follows: 

1. The removal of about three hundred and thirty- 
five old services of the old Parkway cable type, of which 
there were about four thousand installed many years ago. 
On many there were indications of trouble, and these 
were replaced as speedily as possible. 



24 



City Document No. 12. 



2. The clearing of previously prescribed underground 
districts of poles and wires. 

3. An increase in fees received for permits to perform 
inside electrical work. 

The income for the year for permits to perform 
interior electrical work was $97,265.52. 

Interior Division. 

Careful inspections were made of all interior electrical 
construction in progress during the year. Wherever 
installations were reported as defective interested parties 
were immediately notified to make corrections necessary 
to comply with the rules and requirements of the Wire 
Division. 

Following is a table showing a summary of the work 
of the division: 



Notices of new work received 25,590 

Number of permits issued to turn on current . 18,676 

Number of incandescent lamps inspected . . 2,292,263 

Number of motors inspected 13,227 

Number of buildings in which wiring was com- 
pletely examined 7,480 

Number of inspections made of theaters, places of 

amusement and public halls .... 1,505 

During the year there were one hundred and seven 
fires and seven accidents to persons (three of which were 
fatal) caused by electricity as follows: 



Fires in interior of buildings . 


. . . 96 


Fires on poles 


4 


Fires in manholes 


. . . 3 


Injuries to persons 


... 7 


Miscellaneous overhead fires . 


4 



Exterior Division. 

The underground district for the year 1927 as pre- 
scribed under authority of chapter 240, Acts of 1926, 
comprised the following streets: 

ROXBURY. 

Eustis street, from Hampden street to Dearborn street. 
Norfolk avenue, from Hampden street to Magazine street. 
Parker street, from Tremont street to Heath street. 
New Heath street, from Columbus avenue to Parker street. 
Heath street, from Parker street to Day street. 



Fire Department. 25 

George street, from Hampden street to Shirley street. 
Gerard street, from Massachusetts avenue to George street. 

West Roxbury. 

South Fairview street, from South Conway street to South 

street. 
South street, from South Conway street to Brookfield street. 

Dorchester. 

River street, from Washington street to Central avenue. 
Howard avenue, from Dudley street to Quincy street. 

East Boston. 
Prescott street, from Bennington street to East Eagle street. 

Charlestown, 

Rutherford avenue, from Cambridge street, a distance of 5,790 
feet to a point within 110 feet of Devens street. 

Making a total distance of four miles as provided by 
law. 

In these prescribed streets, from which poles and 
overhead wires were to be removed, there were standing 
on January 1, 1927, a total of two hundred and seven 
(207) poles, (not including the trolley poles of the Boston 
Elevated Railway, which are exempt), supporting a total 
of one million thirteen thousand six hundred (1,013,600) 
feet of overhead wires or a little less than one hundred 
ninety-two (192) miles, owned by the Edison Electric 
Illuminating Company, New England Telephone and 
Telegraph Company, Charlestown Gas and Electric 
Company, Western Union Telegraph Company, Postal 
Telegraph Cable Coinpany, Boston Elevated Railway, 
Boston Fire Department (Fire Alarm Branch) and 
Boston Police Department (Police Signal Service.) 

In addition to the regular inspection work necessary 
on account of new construction, the inspection of old 
overhead construction is also included in the duties of 
our inspectors. 

During the past year, the inspectors of this division 
have reported one hundred and seventy-eight (178) 
poles decayed at base and thirty-two (32) poles leaning, 
or a total of two hundred and ten (210) poles, which were 
replaced by new poles or reset by the various companies 
at the request of this department. 



26 City Document No. 12. 

Sixty-one (61) abandoned poles were also reported by 
our inspectors and were removed by the owners at our 
request. 

The following table shows the overhead work from 
January 1, 1927, to December 31, 1927, inclusive: 

Number of new poles in new locations . 553 

Number of poles replaced, reset or straightened . 626 

Number of poles removed 280 

Number of poles now standing in the public 

streets 17,916 

Number of defects reported 1,890 

Number of defects corrected 1,425 

(Other defects in process of correction.) 

Number of notices of overhead construction . 13,151 

Number of overhead inspections .... 24,548 

Number of overhead reports 11,450 

Amount of overhead wires removed bv owners 

(in feet) ' . . 2,166,903 

Underground Construction. 

The ducts used this year for the underground conduits 
of the drawing-in system are of the following type: 

1. Vitrified clay (laid in concrete). 

2. Fiber (laid in concrete). 

3. Concrete. 

4. Iron. 

5. Wood. 

In side or residential streets a considerable amount of 
special underground construction for electric light and 
power purposes (110 and 220 volts) of a type known as 
the "Split Fiber Solid Main System" has been installed. 

The electrical approvals for underground electrical 
construction numbered 5,075. 

Number of inspections of underground electrical 
construction, 9,961. 

Number of reports of underground electrical con- 
struction, 5,059. 



Fire Department. 27 

Character of Cable Used by the Various Companies. 



Company. 



Kind of Insulation. 



Size. 



Boston Elevated Railway . 



Boston Fire Department (Fire 
Alarm Branch) . 

Boston Police Department (Police 
Signal Service). 

Charlestown Gas and Electric Com- 
pany. 

Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 
pany. 

New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company. 

Postal Telegraph Cable Company 
and Boston District Messenger 
Company. 

Western Union Telegraph Company 
and Mutual District Messenger 
Company. 



Rubber, weatherproof and 
paper. 

Rubber 

Rubber 

Varnished, cambric and 
rubber. 

Paper and rubber 

Paper 

Paper 

Paper 



0000 to 3,000,000 
C. M. 

2 to 37 conductor. 

7 conductor. 

No. 6 to No. 0000. 

No. 10 to 1,500,000 
C. M. 

2 to 1,212 pair. 
15 pair. 

11 to 125 pair. 



Table Showing Underground Work for the Year 1927. 



Company. 


■3 

"S 




a 



Q 
'0 









II 


Boston Elevated Railway 

Boston Schoolhouse Commission. . 


5,501 

702 

10,892 

227,879 

3,901 

4,000 

30,730 

455 
4,971 

6,914 


49,842 

702 

25,153 

384,735 

3,901 

4,000 

100,354 

455 
9,758 

19,533 


128,932 


18 


6 
4 


Charlestown Gas and Electric 
Company. 

Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 
pany. 

Fire Alarm Branch (B. F. D.) 

Metropolitan District Commission, 


60,813 

1,421,925 

29,135 


17 
463 


286 
3,366 

32 

7 


New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company. 

Police Signal Service (B. P. D) . . . 

Postal Telegraph Cable Company 
and Boston District Messenger 
Company. 

Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany and Mutual District Mes- 
senger Company. 


144,036 

23,848 
2,575 

10,159 


34 

16 
15 


111 

7 

9 


Totals 


295,945 


598,433 


1,821,423 


563 


3,828 







Note. — "Split Fiber Solid Main System" is included in the above figures, comprising 
18,838 feet of conduit and 36,911 feet of duct of the Edison Electric Illuminating Company 
and 1,107 feet of conduit and 2,214 feet of duct of the Charlestown Gas and Electric 
Company. 



28 



City Document No. 12. 



Table Showing the Amount and Distribution of Boston's Electrical Power 

December 31, 1927. 



Company. 


-SfL, © 
-gffi o 


03 „, M 


Capacity of 
Incandescent 
Lamps in 
Kilowatts. 


^-2 

•|oS 

s h _ 
o 


^ o 


if -O to 


2; 




50,852 
54,424 


252,353 
292,816 


4,103 

* 

2,000 
125 
140 


15 
* 

170 


368,777 
* 

1,750 
106 

75 


85,870 

* 

925 
215 


IS' 


Edison Electric Illuminating Company. . . 


55 
1 




620 
500 


400 
363 


1 




1 






Totals 


106,396 


545,932 


6,368 


185 


370,708 


87,010 


76 







* Unknown. (Meter capacity connected to lines of Edison system, 918,373 kilowatts.) 

List of Wire Division Employees, 
December 31, 1927. 



1 Superintendent 

1 Chief Inspector 

1 Chief Clerk . 

1 Chauffeur 

1 Clerk and Cashier 

1 Clerk and Stenographer 

1 Clerk 

1 Clerk 

1 Engineer . 

13 Inspectors 

22 Inspectors . 

1 Stenciler . 

1 Stenographer 

1 Stenographer 

1 Stenographer 

1 Telephone Operator 



Sl,700 
1,800 



Salary 
Per Annum. 

$4,000 
2,900 
2,600 
1,700 
2,000 
1,800 
1,500 
1,200 
2,400 
to 2,200 
to 2,400 
1,600 
1,700 
1,500 
1,400 
1,200 



Statement of Appropriation and Expenditures 

FROM January 1, 1927, to December 31, 1927. 
Appropriation . . $105,356 16 

EXPENDITUEES. 



A-1. Employees . 
F-7. Pensions 

Carried forward . 



,456 10 
600 00 



,056 10 $105,356 16 



Fire Department. 



29 



Brought forward . 

B-1. Printing and binding 

B-3. Advertising . 

B-4. Car fares 

B-12. Premium on bond 

B-13. Telephones . 

B-39. General plant 

C-4. Motor vehicles 

C-13. Tools, etc. . 

D-1. Office forms, etc. 

D-11. Gasolene, etc. 

E-10. Batteries 

E-13. Stenciling materials, etc 

Total expenditures 
Unexpended balance . 



5,056 10 $1 


95,356 16 


31 50 




109 20 




3,006 28 




12 00 




620 83 




112 90 




249 11 




36 39 




2,112 82 




297 41 




9 68 




125 00 





101,779 22 
$3,581 87 



List of Property — Wire Division. 

7 150-300 volt Weston Direct Current Double Reading 

Voltmeters. 
1 300-volt Weston Direct Reading Alternating and D. C. 

Voltmeter. 
1 1,500-volt Weston Direct Reading Voltmeter. 

1 50-amp. Weston Direct Reading Ammeter. 

2 300-volt Weston Alternating and Direct Current Voltmeters. 
1 15-amp. Thomson Alternating Ammeter. 

1 1,500-amp. Weston Direct Reading Mil-ammeter. 

1 200-amp. Thomson Alternating Ammeter. 

1 500-amp. Weston Direct Reading Ammeter. 

1 15-volt Weston Direct Reading Voltmeter. , . 

1 Queen testing set. 

3 Bichloride of Silver Batteries, each 60 cells. 

1 120-volt Weston Direct Current Miniature type Voltmeter. 
1 150-volt Weston Direct Current Miniature type Voltmeter. 
1 Ford truck. 
1 Buick sedan. 
1 Buick runabout. 
1 Camera complete. 

Recommendations. 
Mutual Aid. 
The mutual aid system now in effect between the 
Boston Fire Department and the departments of adjoin- 
ing municipalities imposes upon this city a serious lia- 
bility with little or no compensating advantages. The 
Fire Commissioner of Boston has never been authorized 



30 City Document No. 12. 

by the City Council, the proper body to grant such 
authority, to send the men and apparatus of this depart- 
ment outside the city Umits. In view of recent legisla- 
ture the Fire Commissioner can do nothing to extend or 
strengthen the present system of mutual aid. While 
any system of mutual aid, which can be devised, will be 
of greater value to the adjoining municipalities than it is 
likely to be to this city, I recommend that the City 
Council take action to authorize Boston to legally take 
part in a comprehensive system of metropolitan mutual 
aid in fire protection. 

Relocation of Fire Stations, 

A thorough study has been made of the locations of 
fire houses throughout the city for the purpose of elimina- 
ting some of the old stations which are inadequate and in 
congested locations. In several sections of the city there 
are stations within a short distance of each other, housing 
one company and a few men. The consolidation of these 
companies in one fire station will effect a very substantial 
saving in upkeep and maintenance and greatly improve 
the I orale and efficiency of the department. A tenta- 
tive plan, therefore, has been devised to rebuild certain 
fire houses in Boston. The first step in this direction 
should be the establishment of a central fire station in 
the vicinity of Bowdoin square to provide quarters for 
Engine Company 4, Engine Company 6, Ladder Com- 
pany 24, Water Tower 1, the District Chief of the Dis- 
trict and an additional Rescue Company, In adopting 
such a plan the department would be able to abandon the 
fire stations on North Grove street, Leverett street and 
Bulfinch street. I recommend, therefore, that such a 
station be built as soon as it is possible to provide the 
funds. 

As part of the comprehensive scheme to reduce the 
number of fire stations and to improve the efficiency of 
the department I recommend that a new fire station be 
erected in South Boston to provide accommodations for 
Engine 2 and Ladder Companyl9. Engine 2 is located 
on the corner of O and Fourth streets and Ladder 19 is 
located on Fourth street. Both of these fire stations are 
old and would have to be rebuilt within a short time. 
Better accommodations will be provided with greater 
efficiency and economy if the two companies are placed 
in the one station in the vicinity of L street. 



Fire Department. 31 

The quarters of Engine Company 29 and Ladder 11 
in this department now located on Chestnut Hill avenue, 
Brighton, near the courthouse, are in bad condition and 
need such extensive repairs and changes, if they are to be 
continued in use as a fire station, that I would recommend 
that a new central fire station be built in Brighton. 
The increasing need for better fire protection in the 
Aberdeen section of Brighton has been recognized by 
this department for some time. A house sufficiently 
large to accommodate three companies should be built 
on land now used as a paving yard by the Public Works 
Department. Such a house would then provide better 
fire protection for that section of the city. 

Engine Company 8 on Salem street and Ladder Com- 
pany 1 on Friend street should be consolidated in one 
house in the vicinity of Cross and Richmond streets. 
The present locations of these two houses are on narrow 
streets in very congested districts. These two very 
important companies are constantly being delayed in 
their response to alarms, and very serious delay is liable 
to occur at any time. 

Ladder 12 is on Tremont street and Engine 13 on 
Cabot street. These two companies are very near 
together and housed in obsolete buildings in Roxbury 
and would serve the community with greater efficiency 
and economy if they were combined in one house. 

Engine 24 is located at the corner of Quincy and 
Warren streets, not far from Ladder 23, Grove Hall. I 
recommend that quarters be provided in the house of 
Ladder Company 23 and that the station on Quincy and 
Warren streets be abandoned. 

During the year considerable progress has been made 
in remodelling some of the fire stations in order to adapt 
them to the requirements of motor apparatus. The 
main feature of these changes has been the removal of 
wooden floors and old horse stalls and the installation 
of concrete floors. I recommend that this policy be 
continued, and that the buildings, which are not too old, 
be remodelled and modernized in order to comply with 
the law. 

Maintenance Shops. 

Plans should be made for the enlargement of the 
repair shop which was designed for horse-drawn appara- 
tus, the motive power of which, of course, was not 



32 City Document No. 12. 

repaired in the shop. The present machine shop is well 
equipped, but has entirely inadequate floor space, which 
should be provided by an addition to the present 
structure, so that the present equipment can be effi- 
ciently handled. The department garage and the fire 
alarm shop are now inadequate and poorly housed in 
old buildings located some distance from the main shop. 
These shops should be co-ordinated with the other shops 
of this department in the general repair shop of the 
department. 

Respectfully submitted, 

E. C. HULTMAN, 

Fire Commissioner. - 



Fire Department. 



33 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 



Expenditures for the Year. 



Personal Service: 
Permanent employees 
Temporary employees 
Unassigned 

Service Other than Personal : 
Printing and binding 
Advertising and posting . 
Transportation of persons 
Cartage and freight . 
Hire of teams and auto trucks 
Light, heat and power 
Rent, taxes and water 
Surety bond and insurance 

premiums 
Communication . 
Motor vehicle repairs and care 
Care of horses . 
Cleaning .... 
Medical .... 
Expert .... 
Fees, service of venires, etc. 
Photographic and blueprinting. 
General plant .... 



Equipment : 

Cable, wire, etc . 
Machinery . 
Electrical . . . 
Motor vehicles . 
Furniture and fittings 
Office .... 
Marine 

Tools and instruments 
Wearing apparel 
General plant 

Supplies : 

Office . . . . 

Food and ice 

Fuel .... 



Carried forward 



$3,296,252 56 






4,113 29 






3,714 01 








$3,304,079 86 


$88 15 






137 75 






355 75 






322 49 






768 15 






28,125 90 






3,319 44 






15 00 






11,061 80 






12,928 67 






2 50 






7,436 86 






999 99 






1,169 00 






583 00 






667 88 






74,820 11 








142,802 44 


$13,491 04 






2,365 11 






11,959 22 






144,622 17 






7,887 18 






1,944 38 






300 00 






38,005 34 






32,011 15 






6,292 28 








258,877 


87 




(Ji 


$9,816 84 • 






665 32 






84,521 68 






$95,003 84 $3,705,760 


17 



34 



City Document No. 12. 



Brought forward 
Forage and animal . 
Medical, surgical, laboratory- 
Laundry, cleaning, toilet . 
Motor vehicle 
Chemicals and disinfectants 
General plant 

Materials : 

Building .... 

Electrical 

General plant 

Special Items: 

Pensions and annuities 
Workingmen's compensation 



Wire Division: 
Personal Service: 

Permanent employees 
Service Other than Personal: 
Printing and binding . $31 50 
Advertising and post- 
ing . . . . 109 20 
Transportation of 

persons . . . 3,006 28 
Surety bond and in- 
surance premiums . 12 00 
Communication .. . 620 83 
General plant . . 112 90 



^95,003 84 

92 86 

184 85 

3,145 11 

29,341 42 

3,414 66 

5,184 22 



$19,837 02 

3,217 06 

33,873 37 



$284,850 41 
41 00 



5,705,760 17 



,451 17 



Equipment : 
Motor vehicles 


. $249 11 




Tools and 


instru- 




ments 


. 36 39 


285 50 


Supplies : 
Office . 
Motor vehicle 


$2,112 82 
. 297 41 


2,410 23 


Materials : 




Electrical . 


. $9 68 




General plant 


. 125 00 


134 68 


Special Items: 

Pensions and annuities 


600 00 



136,366 96 



56,927 45 



284,891 41 
t, 183,945 99 



101,774 29 



t,285,720 28 



Fire Department. 



35 



Fire Station, Shawmut avenue and Tremont 




street : 




Balance of Payments: 




Executions of court on account of breach of 




contract : 




Architect, Louis J. St. Armand . 


$4,000 00 


Contractor, Alco Contracting Company . 


55,176 00 


Expert 


1,000 00 


Auditor 


250 00 


Stenographic services 


159 57 




$60,585 57 



New Central Fire Station : 

Continuation of Payments : 
Site: 

Land, Warrenton street and Broadway . $93,196 81 

Experts 1,300 00 

Examination of title 95 00 

■ Architect, John M. Gray Company . . 3,899 36 

Contractor, John B. Dolan .... 147,429 09 

Lajdng water pipe 175 00 

Blueprints 130 30 

Advertising 18 00 



$246,243 56 



New Fire Station, Engine 17 and Ladder 7, 

Dorchester : 
Continuation of Payments: 

Contractor, Phandor Company 

Engineer and draftsmen 

Architect, John M. Gray Company 

Printing 

Blueprints 

Duct for electric wires 

Advertising 



Recapitulation. 

Fire Department $4,285,720 28 

Fire Station, Shawmut avenue and Tremont 

street 60,585 57 

New Central Fire Station 246,243 56 

New Fire Station, Engine 17 and Ladder 7, 

Dorchester 69,845 51 



$65,113 40 

2,190 90 

1,562 69 

635 25 


201 


54 


131 


23 


10 


50 


$69,845 51 



$4,662,394 92 



36 



City Document No. 12. 



Income for Year, 

Permit fees for fires in open spaces, garages, etc., 
blasting, transportation and storage of 
explosives, etc 

Sale of old material : 

Junk 

Condemned hose 

Old equipment (old tanks, old heaters, etc.) 
Sale of Cannel coal 

Oil adjustments or penalties (through Supply 
Department) 

Sale of badges 

Damage to fire alarm posts and boxes 

Damage to apparatus . . 

Damage to property 

Rents 



,552 75 



784 30 

211 56 

158 00 

64 00 

y 

488 71 

636 50 

2,385 70 

1,760 60 

67 21 

155 00 


$35,264 33 



Fire Department. 



37 



FIRE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION. 



Fire Commissioner, Eugene C. Hultman. 
Executive Secretary, Herbert J. Hickey. 
Chief of Department, Daniel F. Sennott. 
Superintendent of Maintenance, Edward E. Williamson. 
Superintendent of Fire Alarm Division, George L. Fickett. 
Superintendent of Wire Division, Walter J. Burke, 
Superintendent of Fire Prevention Division, Peter E. Walsh. 
Medical Examiner, William J. McNally, M. D. 

Clerks. 
Fire Department. 
James P. Maloney, George F. Murphy, Edward L. Tierney, 
Wilham J. Hurley, Frank M. Fogarty, WiUiam J. O'Donnell, 
Thomas W. O'Connell, Warren F. Fenlon, Henry J. Egan, 
James H. Finnerty, John J. Shea, Charles S. Carroll, William 
D. Slattery, Eugene J. Sullivan, Oscar J. Kent, WilUam V. 
Doherty, William H. Murray, Edward L. Barry, Dorothy E. 
Campbell. 

Wire Division. 
Chief Clerk, John F. Flanagan. 

Wilham McSweeney, Martin P. Cummings, Celina A. 
O'Brien, Mary F. Fleming, May D. Marsh, James P. McKenna, 
Mary E. Sullivan. 

Headquarters 

1 Commissioner 



1 Executive secretary 
1 Chief clerk . 
1 Executive clerk 
1 Medical examiner 

1 Clerk 

2 Clerks 
1 Clerk 
1 Clerk 
1 Clerk 

1 Elevatorman and assistant janitor 

2 Clerks (vacant) .... 



1 Janitress (cleaner) 



1 Assistant engineer (messenger) 
4 Hose man clerks . 



Per Annum. 

$7,500 
3,300 
2,800 
2,800 
3,500 
1,800 
$1,700-$!, 800 
$1,500-$1,600 
$1,300-$1,400 
$1,200-11,300 
1,700 
1,100 

Per Week. 

$22.00-$18.00 

Per Annum. 

$2,000 
2,000 



20 



38 



City Document No. 12. 



Fire Prevention Bureau. 



1 Chief Fire Prevention . 
1 Clerk .... 
1 Clerk .... 
1 Clerk .... 
1 Clerk .... 
1 Constable 
1 Captain Fire Prevention 



Per Annum. 

$2,800 
2,000 

$1,500-11,600 
1,300 

$1,100-$1,200 
1,600 
2,500 



Fire-fighting Branch. 



1 Chief of Department 

1 Assistant Chief of Department 
6 Deputy chiefs .... 

30 District chiefs .... 

75 Captains 

109 Lieutenants .... 

2 Aids-to-Chief (lieutenant) 

2 Aids-to-Chief . . . . 

3 Aids-to-Commissioner (private) 
3 Engineers (marine) 

6 Masters 

3 Engineers 

6 Assistant engineers 

46 Apparatus operators 

47 Assistant apparatus operators 
1,094 Privates: 



Per 



770 

36 

220 

38 
30 



$1,900-! 
$1,800-! 
$1,700-! 
$1,600-! 



Annum . 

$5,500 
4,000 
4,000 
3,500 
2,500 
2,300 
2,300 
2,200 
2,200 
2,200 
2,100 
2,100 
2,000 
2,100 
2,000 

2,000 
^2,000 
^,900 
^,800 
U,700 



1,434 

Bureau of Supplies and Repairs. 

Per Annum. 

1 Superintendent of Maintenance . . . $3,500 
1 Superintendent, High Pressure Steam and 

Marine Service $2,800-$2,900 

1 General Foreman . . . . '. $2,700-$2,800 

1 Lieutenant, foreman hose and harness shop . 2,300 

1 Motor apparatus engineer .... $2,700-$2,800 

1 Engineer and architect 2,500 

1 Storekeeper and property clerk (hoseman) . 2,300 

1 Master carpenter (hoseman) . . . $2,100-$2,200 

1 Foreman painter $2,000-$2,100 

1 Foreman auto repairer .... $2,100-$2,300 

1 Clerk in charge $2,100-$2,200 

1 Clerk $1,700-$1,800 



Fire Department. 



39 



Per Annum. 

2 Clerks .11,600 

5 Engineers in charge 2,300 

11 Engineers (High Pressure Service) . . . 2,100 

13 Engineers, motor squad 2,200 

Per Day. 

3 Firemen (7 day) $6.00-$6.50 

Per Week. 

3 High Pressure engineers $43 . 00 

1 Engineer 42.00 

Per Annum. 

1 Master steamfitter $2,200-12,300 

1 Master apparatus painter . . . $l,900-$2,000 

Per Day. 

47 Mechanics . $5.50-$6.00 

6 Blacksmiths. 
9 Painters. 
5 Carpenters. 

3 Steamfitters. 

4 Machinists. 

16 Auto repairers. 

1 Auto trimmer and canvas worker. 

2 Auto mechanics. 

1 Rubber goods repairer. 

2 Plumbers $6.00-$6.50 

2 Wheelwrights . . . . . . . $6.00-$6.25 

4 Leading auto repairers $6 . 00-$6 . 50 

6 Helpers 5.00 

1 Hose repairer 5 . 25 

1 Vulcanizer and assistant storekeeper . . $5 . 25-$5 . 50 

1 Chauffeur 5.50 

3 Laborers 5.00 

1 Brick mason 7 . 00 

1 Mason . 6.00 

Per Annum. 

1 Supervisor, building repairs .... $2,400 



122 



Fire Alarm Branch. 



1 Superintendent of fire alarm 

1 Assistant superintendent and chief operator 

1 Aid-to-superintendent 

1 Battery man . 

1 Clerk . . . . 

1 Assistant to custodian 

1 Foreman of construction 

1 Assistant foreman of construction 

1 Instructor of telegraphy 



Per Annum. 

$4,000 

3,400 

2,200 

2,000 

1,700 

.,800-$l,900 

5,800-$2,900 

J,300-$2,400 

2,500 



40 



City Document No. 12. 



1 Supervising operator . 
3 Principal operators 

5 Operators 

7 Assistant operators 

1 Property clerk and storekeeper 



1 Attendant and guide 

4 Cable splicers 

5 Inside wiremen 

1 Laborer . 
9 Linemen 

2 Machinists (7 day) 
1 Machinist (6 day) 
1 Radio electrician . 

4 Repairers and hnemen 

54 



Tempobiaby. 
1 Superintendent of Fire Prevention Division 



Per Annum. 

$2,600 

2,500 

2,300 

^, 600-12,000 

2,000 

Per Day 

$5.50 

$6.25-$6.50 
6.50 
5.00 
$5.50-$6.00 
$5.50-$6.00 
$5.50-$6.00 
$6.10-$2,000 
$5.75-$6.25 



Per Annum. 

$4,000 



Fire Department. 41 



CHIEF OF DEPARTMENT. 

Daniel F. Sennott. 
The chief is in charge of the fire protection of the 
city, which is divided into three divisions, each com- 
manded by a deputy chief, which are subdivided into 
fifteen districts, each commanded by a district chief. 

Assistant Chiej of Department, Henry A. Fox. 
Division 1. 
Deputy Chiefs, Henry J. Power and John J. Kelley. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 8, Fort Hill Square. 
This division comprises Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 

District 1. 

District Chiefs, Thomas E. Conroy and Henry Krake. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 2, Paris Street, 

East Boston. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 5, 9, 11, 
31 (fireboat), 40, 47 (fireboat), Ladders 2, 21, L-31. 

District 2. 

District Chiefs, Philip A. Tague and Hamilton A. 

McClay. 
Headquarters, Engine House 50, Winthrop Street, 

Charlestown. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 27, 32, 36, 
50, Ladders 9, 22. 

District 3. 
District Chiefs, Michael Silva and John J. Kenney. 
Headquarters, Ladder House 18, Pittsburgh Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 25, 38, 
39, 44 (fireboat), Ladders 8, 18, Water Tower 3. 

District 4- 

District Chiefs, Avery B. Howard and John F. 

McDonough. 

Headquarters, Engine House 4, Bulfinch Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 4, 6, 8, 
Ladders 1, 24, Water Tower 1. 



42 City Document No. 12. 



District 5. 

District Chiefs, Louis C. I. Stickel and John F. 

Watson. 

Headquarters, Engine House 7, East Street (tem- 
porary). 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 7, 10, 26, 
35, Ladder 17, Rescue 1. 

Division 2. 

Deputy Chiefs, Albert J. Caulfield and Frank A. 

Sweeney. 

Headquarters, Engine House 22, Warren Avenue. 
This division comprises Districts 6, 7, 8, 11. 

District 6. 

District Chiefs, Harry M. Hebard and Michael J. 

Teehan. 

Headquarters, Engine House 1, Dorchester Street, 
South Boston. 

Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 1, 2, 15, 
43, Ladders 5, 19, 20. 

District 7. 
District Chiefs, Thomas H. Downey and William F. 

QUIGLEY. 

Headquarters, Engine House 22, Warren Avenue. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 3, 22, 33, 
Ladders 3, 13, 15, Water Tower 2. 

District 8. 

District Chiefs, Frank J. Sheeran and Victor H. 

Richer. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 12, Tremont Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 13, 14, 
37, Ladders 12, 26. 

District 11. 

District Chiejs, Thomas H. Andreoli and Cornelius |J. 

O'Brien. 

Headquarters, Engine House 41, Harvard Avenue, 

Brighton. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 29, 34, 41, 
51, Ladders 11, 14. 



Fire Department. 43 

Division 3. 
Deputy Chiefs, Walter M. McLean and Joseph A. 

DOLAN. 

Headquarters, Ladder House 23, Washington Street, 

Grove Hall. 
This division comprises Districts 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15. 

District 9. 
District Chiefs, William H. McCorkle and Patrick J. 

V. Kelley. 
Headquarters, Engine House 12, Dudley Street. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 12, 21, 23, 
24, Ladder 4. 

District 10. 
District Chiefs, Francis J. Jordan and Charles H. 

Long. 
Headquarters, Engine House 18, Harvard Street, 

Dorchester. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 17, 18, 52, 
Ladders 7, 29. 

District 12. 

District Chiefs, John N. Lally and Dennis Driscoll. 

Headquarters, Engine House 28, Centre Street, 

Jamaica Plain. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 28, 42, 
. Ladders 10, 23, 30. 

District 13. 
District Chiefs, Michael J. Kennedy and Charles 

DONOHOE. 

Headquarters, Engine House 45, Corner Washington 

and Poplar Streets, Roslindale. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 30, 45, 53, 
Ladders 16, 25. 

District 14- 
District Chiefs, Allan J. MacDonald and James 

Mahoney. 
Headquarters, Engine House 46, Peabody Square, 

Dorchester. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — ■ Engines 16, 20, 
46, Ladders 6, 27. 

District 15. 
District Chiefs, John P. Murray and John F. Murphy. 
Headquarters, Engine House 48, Corner Harvard 

Avenue and Winthrop Street, Hyde Park. 
Apparatus Located in the District. — Engines 19, 48, 49, 
Ladder 28. 



44 



City Document No. 12. 



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WHWHHHHHWHHHWWHHHWHWWW 



46 



City Document No. 12. 






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48 



City Document No. 12. 



(•sptinoj) 



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49 



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50 



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52 



City Document No. 12. 



CO 

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53 



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cococococococococo 



54 



City Document No. 12. 



3 



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May 25, 1925 
Sept. 9, 1923 
June 2, 1926 
Feb. 1, 1921 
Jan. 24, 1921 
Oct. 3, 1927 
Feb. 28, 1920 
April 9, 1920 




3 


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can-LaFrance combinat 
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55 



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56 



City Document No. 12, 



02 



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58 



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FiEE Department. 



59 



02 

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60 



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FiEE Department. 



61 



Hose. 
Hose Purchased. 

Leading cotton hose .... 
f -inch chemical hose .... 
1-inch deck hose . . . . 

Total 



Feet 

17,560 

2,300 

100 

19,960 



Hose Condemned. 



Leading cotton hose 
3-inch flexible suctions . 
3^-inch deluge hose 
4-inch hard rubber suctions 
|-inch chemical hose 
1-inch steam hose . 
f-inch extinguisher hose 
|-inch shower bath hose 

Total 



Feet. 

11,880 
303^ 
3501 
152 
1,850 
175 
2121 
61 

14,984| 



Hose in Use. 



Leading cotton hose 
3-inch flexible suctions . 
3^-inch deluge hose 
4-inch hard rubber suctions 
|-inch chemical hose 
1-inch deck hose . 

Total ... 



Feet. 

151,371 

790 

613 

1,050 

20,650 

900 

175,374 



Hose in Stock. 



Leading cotton hose 
3-inch flexible suction hose 
4-inch hard rubber suctions 
|-inch chemical hose 



Total 



Feet. 

7,300 
66 
1151 
1,050 

8,53U 



Hose Repaired. 



Leading cotton hose 
f-inch chemical hose 
1-inch deck hose . 



Feet. 

23,360 

5,600 

50 



Total 



29,010 



62 



City Document No. 12. 



GASOLENE STATIONS. 
Division No. 1. 



Districts. 



Locations. 



Capacity. 
(Gallons.) 



Pump. 



Engine 5 

Engine 11. . . . 

Engine 40 

Ladder 2 

Ladder 31 

Engine 27 

Engine 32.... 
Engine 36. . . . 

Engine 50 

Ladder 9 

Ladder 8 

Ladder 18 

Engine 38-39 

Engine 4 

Engine 6 

Engine 8 

Ladder 1 

Ladder 24. . . 

Engine? 

Engine 10 

Ladder 17. . . 
Rescue 1 



280 
500 
550 
550 
550 
550 
550 
280 
280 
220 
120 
280 
280 
280 
280 
280 
280 
550 
550 
220 
550 
550 



1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 quart. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 



Fire Department. 



63 



Division No. 2. 



Districts. 



Locations. 



Capacity. 
(Gallons.) 


Pump. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


280 


5 gallons 


280 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


550 


1 gallon. 


120 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 


280 


1 gallon. 



6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
8 
8 
8 
8 
11 
II 
11 
11 



Engine 1 . 

Engine 2 

Engine 15 

Engine 43 

Ladder 19 

Engine 3 

Engine 22 

Engine 33 

Maintenance Division, repair shop 

Department garage 

Fire alarm shop 

Engine 13 

Engine 14 

Engine 37 

Ladder 12 

Engine 29 

Engine 34 

Engine 41 

Engine 51 



64 



City Document No. 12. 



Division No. 3. 



Districts. 



Locations. 



Capacity. 
(Gallons.) 



Pump. 



9 
9 
9 
9 
10 
10 
10 
12 
12 
12 
13 
13 
13 
14 
14 
14 
15 
15 
15 



Engine 12 
Engine 21 
Engine 23 
Ladder 4. 
Engine 17 
Engine 18 
Engine 52 
Engine 28 
Engine 42 
Ladder 23 
Engine 30 
Engine 45 
Engine 53 
Engine 20 
Engine 46 
Ladder 6 . 
Engine 19 
Engine 48, 
Engine 49 



550 
550 
280 
120 
550 
280 
220 
280 
550 
220 
280 
550 
120 
280 
220 
280 
280 
280 
280 



1 gallon. 
1 gallon, 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
5 gallons. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 
1 gallon. 



Fire Department. 



65 



CANNEL COAL STATIONS. 
Division No. 1. 



District. 



Locations. 



Amount at 
Present. 

(Tons.) 



1 
1 
2 
4 

4 



Engine 11 
Ladder 31 
Engine 36, 
Engine 4 . 
Ladder 24 



1 

30 



Division No. 2. 



District. 



Locations. 



Amount at 
Present. 
(Tons.) 



6 

- 6 

7 

8 

8 

8 

11 

11 



Engine 2 

Fourth street (Old Ladder o) 

Engine 33 

Engine 13 

Engine 14 

Engine 37 

Engine 29 

Engine 34 



10 
20 

8 
25 

li 

2 



66 



City Document No. 12. 



Division No. 3. 



District. 



Locations. 



Amount at 
Present. 
(Tons.) 



9 
9 
9 
10 
12 
13 
13 
14 
14 
15 
15 
15 



Engine 12 
Engine 21 
Engine 23 
Engine 24 
Engine 18 
Engine 28 
Engine 30 
Engine 45 
Engine 16 
Engine 46 
Engine 19 
Engine 48 
Engine 49 



2 
3 
3 

7 
2 
2 
2 
12 

4 
1 



Fire Department. 



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68 



City Document No. 12. 




o o o 

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Fire Department. 



69 



Causes of Fires and Alarms, from January 1, 1927, 
TO January 1, 1928. 



Alarms, false, needless, bell 

and still 1,229 

Alarms, out of city 49 

Automatic alarms, false 

and accidental 84 

Automobiles 583 

Brush, rubbish, etc 1,648 

Careless use lamp and 

candle 62 

Careless use matches and 

set by rats 487 

Careless use pipe, cigar, 

cigarettes 716 

Chim,neys, soot burning. . . 366 

Clothes near stove 7 

Defective chimney, stove 

pipe, boiler 61 

Electric wires, motors 206 

Fireworks and firecrackers, 48 

Gas jet, gas stove 31 

Gasolene, benzine, naph- 
tha 11 

Grease in ventilator, oven, 55 



Hot ashes in wooden re- 
ceptacle 

Incendiary and supposed. 

Lamp upsetting and ex- 
plosion 

Miscellaneous 

Oil stove, careless use and 
explosion 

Overheated furnace, stove 
and boiler 

Oil burners 

Set by boys 

Spark from chimneys, 
stove 

Sparks from locomotive, 
engine 

Spontaneous combustion . . 

Thawing water pipes 

Unknown 



Total 



73 
103 

13 
503 

19 

111 

37 

150 

132 

30 
186 

15 
317 



7,332 





Fire Extinguished By 


1927. 


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105 


23 


136 


27 


51 


60 


49 




76 


21 


85 


35 


34 


56 


26 




107 

127 


66 
109 


129 
191 


118 
294 


80 
102 


162 
154 


56 


April 


55 


May 


78 


15 


72 


42 


47 


36 


43 




111 

89 


69 
31 


116 

102 


125 

92 


56 
35 


44 
45 


52 


July 


34 


August 


77 


29 


70 


41 


31 


34 


47 


September 


86 


32 


80 


49 


28 


53 


43 




97 
100 


23 

28 


103 

84 


53 

49 


30 
34 


49 
97 


37 


November 


44 


December 


118 


47 


118 


90 


27 


139 


45 


Totals 


1,171 


483 


1,286 


1,015 


555 


929 


531 







70 



City Document No. 12. 



Fires Where Losses Exceeded $15,000. 



Date. 


Location and Owner. 


Loss. 


1927. 








3 




$20,338 




12 

12 




18,440 


Jan. 


109 and 111 Waumbeck street, J. Gray et al 


23,288 


Jan. 


13 


531-537 Albany street, Gordon Supply Company et al.. . . 


152,254 


Jan. 


13 


15 and 17 Columbia street, Macey Morris Company e«aZ. . 


41,.390 


Jan. 


24 


83 Newbury street. Musicians Supply Company et al. . . . 


50.038 




26 

27 


650-654 Centre street, A. S. Pearlman et al 


19,288 


Jan. 


133-139 North street, A. Baldini Company et al 


19,252 


Feb. 


24 


332 and 334 A street, American Storage Battery Company 
et al. 


42,633 


March 


6 


15-18 City square, Waverly Clothing Company et al 


16,637 


March 


25 

30 

1 


326-338 Atlantic avenue, Argonaut Club et al 


37,186 


March 




33,622 


April 


211 and 213 A street, Sherwin-Sheppard Company etal.. 


50,559 


April 


3 


7 and 9 Fish Pier, Whitman, Ward & Lee Company etal. . . 


22,248 


April 


8 


268-276 Franklin street, E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co. 
etal. 


22,600 


April 


10 


145-155 Brighton avenue, T. Murphy et al 


77,286 


April 


13 


32 and 34 Dorchester avenue, Foss & Co., Inc., et al 


32,617 


April 


13 


47-53 Farnsworth street, Corn Product Sales Company 
et al. 


25,387 


April 


14 

16 


24 Crowell street, R. Shiman et al 


18,111 


April 


Boylston and Amory streets, Boylston Congregational 
Church. 


17,235 


April 


21 


349 Newbury street. School of Fine Arts and Crafts et al. . . 


45,687 


April 


24 


16 and 18 Brighton street, National Furniture Company 
et al. 


16,691 


April 


30 

20 

24 

27 


73 and 75 South street, M. N. Berkovitch etal 


48,210 


May 


321—325 Summer street, Howe & Fenlon et al 


44,606 


May 


67 Nottinghill road, W. A. Hermanson et al 


26,575 


May 


88 and 90 Commercial wharf, E. F. Houghton & Co. etal. . 


37,940 


May 


28 


28-36 Merchants row, Apartments Dairy Lunch et al. . . . 


17,568 


June 


4 


145-149 Staniford street. United Wearing Apparel, Inc., 
etal. 


53,376 


June 


12 

22 


24 North street, W. T. Crowther & Son et al 


16,892 


June 


47 Bay State road, W. L. Shearer et al 


133,749 


July 


16 


11 Columbia street, J. Hetherington & Sons et al 


81,089 


Aug. 


24 


112 and 114 Sudbury street. Bankers' Electric Protective 
Association et al. 


46,574 



Fire Department. 

Fire Losses. — Concluded. 



71 



Date. 



Location and Owner. 



Loss. 



Sept. 8 

Oct. 3 

Oct. 5 

Oct. 11 

Oct. 18 

Nov. 1 

Nov. 14 

Nov. 24 

Dec. 16 

Dec. 25 

Dec. 26 

Dec. 27 



Brighton Abbatoir, Butchers' Slaughtering and Melting 
Association. 

42-48 Woodlawn avenue, J. J. Noonan Estate et al 

35 Hawkins street, C. H. Graves & Sons et al 

89-95 Summer street, J. F. Kilderry et al 

243 North street, Lovell & Covell Company et al 

2101-2115 Washington street, Signal Shoe Company etal. . 

Cambridge street, Boston & Albany Railroad 

45 Englewood avenue, C. Dodd et al 

68 and 70 Bartlett street, J. Boss et al 

170 and 172 Washington street, S. J. Beckwith & Co., etal. 

26 and 28 Commonwealth terrace, Mrs. S. F. Healey etal. . 

26-32 Atlantic avenue, P. Goldstein Company 



S35,798 

44,649 
68,821 
15,315 
15,762 
19,080 
47,483 
17,393 
62,679 
16,226 
17,116 
17,149 



Statistics. 

Population, January 1, 1928 (estimated) 

Area, square miles .... 

Number brick, etc., buildings . 

Number wooden buildings 

Fires in brick, stone, etc., buildings . 2,040 

Fires in wooden buildings . . . 1,335 

Fires out of city 49 

Not in buildings, false and needless . 3,908 

Total alarms 

Fire Loss for the Year Ending December 

Buildings, loss insured 

Contents, loss insured 



799 200 
47.81 
40,093 

87,828 



Buildings, loss not insured 
Contents, loss not insured 



Total loss buildings and contents 
Marine loss 



$62,582 
130,265 



7,332 

31, 1927. 

$1,928,108 
1,573,686 

$3,501,794 



192,847 
13,694,641 

$232,731 



72 



City Document No. 12. 




Fire Department. 



73 



Yearly Loss for the Last Fifteen Years. 



Year ending January 1 



1, 1914 








$3,138,373 


1, 1915 








3,013,269 


1, 1916 








3,004,600 


1, 1917 








2,372,489 


1, 1918 








3,981,227 


1, 1919 








2,822,109 


1, 1920 








2,577,584 


1, 1921 








3,139,566 


1, 1922 








4,010,201 


1, 1923 








3,304,595 


1, 1924 








6,286,299 


1, 1925 








4,735,595 


1, 1926 








5,407,070 


1, 1927 








5,199,965 


1, 1928 








3,694,641 



Alarms for the Past Ten Years. 



Year. 



Bell. 



Still and 
Automatic. 



Totals. 



1927 
1926 
1925 
1924 
1923 
1922 
1921 
1920 
1919 
1918 



3,492 
3,762 
3,798 
3,640 
3,239 
2,733 
2,359 
2,029 
2,733 
2,413 



3,840 
4,108 
3,904 
4,353 
4,002 
3,401 
2,888 
2,466 
2,690 
2,649 



7,332 
7,870 
7,702 
7,993 
7,241 
6,134 
5,247 
4,485 
5,423 
5,062 



John E. Fitzgerald Medal. 

John J. Leary, Ladderman, Ladder Company 1, for 1922. 
Daniel J. O'Brien, Captain, Engine Company 10, for 1923. 
Thomas F. Kilduff, Ladderman, Ladder Company 4, for 1924. 

Walter Scott Medal. 

Dennis M. Condon, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 1, for 1922. 
James H. Curran, Hoseman, Engine Company 8, for 1923. 
Edward J. Crowley, Hoseman, Chemical Company 7, for 1924. 



74 



City Document No. 12. 



Roll of Merit, Boston Fire Department. 

James F. McMahon, District Chief. 
Edward McDonough, Captain, Engine Company 6. 
Thomas J. Muldoon, Captain, Engine Company 16. 
Thomas H. Downey, Captain, Engine Company 22. 
Michael J. Teehan, Captain, Engine Company 24. 
Joseph P. Hanton, Captain, Engine Company 33. 
Dennis Driscoll, Captain, Engine Company 37. 
Frederick F. Leary, Captain, Ladder Company 3. 
Carl S. Bowers, Lieutenant, Aid to Chief. 
Henry J. Kelly, Lieutenant, Engine Company 32. 
Timothy J. Heffron, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 9. 
Michael J. Dacy, Lieutenant, Ladder Company 20. 
John J. Kennedy, Ladderman, Ladder Company 13- 
Martin A. Kenealy, Captain, retired. 
James E. Downey, Hoseman, retired. 
James J. Buchanan, Hoseman, Chemical Company 7. 
Arthur A. Ryan, Hoseman, Engine Company 13. 
Carl V. Anderson. Ladderman, Ladder Company 8. 



Members Pensioned from January 1, 
December 31, 1927. 



1927, to 



Dennis F. Courtney. 
Catherine M. Dowd. 
Mary A. Quinn. 
Mary L. Donovan. 
Edward J. Shallow. 
Thomas J. Lannary. 
Edwin F. Richardson. 
Walter S. Eaton. 
WilUam Peterson. 
Ebenezer H. Wheelock. 
William L. Nolan. 
Edward F. Doody. 
Robert J. McKay. 



George A. Carney. 
Anna M. Mclnness. 
Charles J. McCarthy. 
Hugh Gallagher.* 
Frank H. Nickerson.* 
John J. Cunningham. 
Richard Donahue. 
James F. McMahon. 
George W. Darling. 
WiUiam P. Kehoe. 
Allan J. MacDonald. 
Richard F. Aylward. 



Deaths of Members from January 1, 1927, to 
December 31, 1927. 



Frederick L. Lanigan (Wire 

Division) . 
George W. Driscoll. 
James J. Quinn. 
B. J. Dowd. 
Joseph M. Donovan. 
Thomas F. Quigley. 
Fred W. Battis. 



Frank H. Laskey. 
C. A. Weick (Wire Division). 
Daniel T. Mclnnes. 
Walter P. Corbett. 
John E. McConologue (Main- 
tenance). 
John L. Galvin. 
James Gavagan. 



* Boston Retirement Fund. 



Fire Department. 



75 



Deaths of Pensioners from January 1, 
December 31, 1927. 



1927, TO 



A. J. Dooley. 

B. J. Carleton. 
William Bowers.* 
William Lally. 
R. E. Handv. 

G. R. Williams. 
Cornelius Donovan. 
William Chittick. 
T. M. McLaughlin. 
M. M. O'Hare. 



G. D. Bullard. 
J. D. Fitzgerald. 
C. E. Randall.* 
J. A. McGee. 
G. N. F. Getchell. 
J. M. Fitzgerald. 
J. E. Cassidy. 
Katie J. Wall. 
E. B. Johnson. 
G. R. Donnelly. 



* Boston Retirement Fund. 



CITY OF BOSTON 



PEINTINR DEPARTMENT.