rb cH9. ^ EIGHTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON 1932 BOSTON PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES 1936 EIGHTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON 1932 BOSTON PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES 1936 X ^ 6 .:? ^^ / / >^ /p2. i3f:±^j (^- THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON: PRINTING DEPARTMENT. 4.ie.3S : 2E00 TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY ELLERY SEDGWICK, President Term expires April 30, 1933 LOUIS E. KIRSTEIN JOHN L. HALL Term expires April 30, 1934 " Term expires April 30, 1936 FRANK W. BUXTON Term expires April 30, 1935 WILLIAM CARDINAL O'CONNELL Term expires April 30, 1937 MILTON E. LORD (Beginning February 1, 1932) DIRECTOR ORGANIZATION OF THE LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, organized in 1852, are now incorporated under the provisions of Chapter 1 14 of the Acts of 1878, as amended. The Board for 1852 was a preliminary or- ganization; that for 1853 made the first annual report. The Board at present consists of five citizens at large, appointed by the Mayor for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring each year. The follow- ing citizens at large have been members of the Board since its organization in 1852: Abbott, Gordon, a.b., 1926-1931. Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, a.m.. 1879-95. Appleton Thomas Gold, a.m., 1852-56. Benton, Josiah Henry, ll.d., 1894-1917. Bigelow, John Prescott, a.m., 1852-68. BowDiTCH, Henry Ingersoll, m.d., 1865-67. BowDiTCH, Henry Pickering, m.d., 1894-1902. Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902-12. Braman, Jarvis Dwight, 1869-72. Brett, John Andrew, ll.b., 1912-16. Buxton, Frank W., a.b., 1928- Carr, Samuel, 1895-96. 1908-22. Chase, George Bigelow, a.m., 1876-85. Clarke, James Freeman, d.d.. 1 879-88. CoAKLEY, Daniel Henry. 1917-19. Connolly, Arthur Theodore, 1916-1932. Currier, Guy Wilbur, 1922-1930. Curtis, Daniel Sargent, a.m., 1873-75. De Normandie, James, d.d, 1895-1908. Dwight. Thomas, m.d., 1899-1908. DwiNNELL, Clifton Howard, b.s., 1927-28. Everett, Edward, ll.d., 1852-64. Frothingham, Richard, ll.d., 1875-79. Gaston, William Alexander, ll.b., 1923-27. Green, Samuel Abbott, m.d., 1868-78. Greenough, William Whitwell, 1856-88. Hall, John Loomer, a.b., ll.b., 1931- Haynes, Henry Williamson, a.m., 1880-94. HiLLiARD, George Stillman, ll.d., 1872-75; 1876-77. Kenney, William Francis, a.m., 1908-1921. KiRSTEiN, Louis Edward, 1919- Lewis, Weston, 1868-79. Lewis, Winslow, m.d.. 1867. Lincoln. Solomon, a.m.. 1897-1907. Mann. Alexander, d.d., 1908-1923. Morton, Ellis Wesley, 1 870-73. Murray, Michael Joseph, ll.b., 1921-26. O'CoNNELL, William Cardinal, 1932- Pierce, Phineas. 1888-94. Prince. Frederick Octavius. a.m., 1888-99. Putnam, George, d.d., 1868-77. Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95. Sedgwick, Ellery, a.b., litt.d., 1930- Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, ll.d., 1852-68. Thomas, Benjamin Franklin, ll.d., 1877-78. Ticknor, George, ll.d., 1852-66. Walker, Francis Amasa, ll.d., 1896. Whipple, Edwin Percy, a.m., 1868-70. Whitmore, William Henry, a.m., 1885-88. WiNsoR, Justin, ll.d., 1867-68, TTie Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board from 1 852 to 1864; George Ticknor, in 1865; William W. Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof. Henry W. Haynes, from May 7, 1888, to May 12. 1888; Samuel A. B. Abbott, May 12. 1888, to April 30, 1895; Hon. F. O. Prince, October 8, 1895, to May 8, 1899; Solomon Lincoln, May 12, 1899, to October 15, 1907; Rev. James De Normandie, January 31, 1908, to May 8, 1908; Josiah H. Benton, May 8, 1908, to February 6, 1917; William F. Kenney, February 13, 1917, to May 7, 1920; Rev. Alexander Mann, May 7, 1920, to January 22, 1923; MsGR. Arthur T. Connolly, April 13, 1923 to June 13, 1924; Louis E. Kirstein. June 13, 1924 to June 19, 1925; Hon. Michael J. Murray, June 19. 1925 to July 2. 1926; Guy W. Currier. July 2, 1926 to May 2, 1927; MsGR. Arthur T. Connolly, May 2, 1927 to June 22, 1928; Louis E. Kirstein, June 22, 1928 to June 21, 1929; Gordon Abbott, June 21. 1929 to June 20. 1930; Frank W. Buxton, June 20, 1930 to May 15. 1931 ; Louis E. Kirstein. May 15, 1931 to May 20, 1932; Ellery Sedgwick since May 20, 1932. LIBRARIANS. (From 1858 to 1877, the chief executive officer was called Superintendent; since 1923, Director.) CapEN, Edward, Librarian, May 13, 1852 - December 16. 1874. Jewett, Charles C, Superintendent, 1858 - January 9. 1868. Winsor, Justin, ll.d., Superintendent, February 25, 1868 - Septem- ber 30, 1877. Green, Samuel A., M.D., Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 1877 - September 30, 1878. Chamberlain, Mellen, ll.d. Librarian, October 1. 1878 -Septem- ber 30. 1890. Dwight, Theodore F., Librarian, April 1 3, 1892 - April 30. 1894. Putnam, Herbert, ll.d., Librarian, February 11, 1895 -April 3, 1899. Whitney, James L., a.m.. Acting Librarian, March 31, 1899 -De- cember 21, 1899; Librarian, December 22, 1899 - January 31, 1903. Wadlin, Horace G., litt.d., Librarian, February 1, 1903 - March 15. 1917; Acting Librarian, March 15, 191 7 -June 15, 1917. BelDEN, Charles F. D., a.m., LL.B., litt.d.. Director, March 15, 1917 -October 24, 1931. Lord, Milton E., a.b.. Director, since February 1, 1932. LIBRARY SYSTEM, JANUARY 1, 1932. Departments. ^Opened. *Cenlral Library. Copley Square . ♦East Boston Branch, 276-282 Meridian St. §South Boston Branch, 372 West Broadway . llFellowes Athenaeum Branch, 46 Millmont St. *CharIestown Branch, 43 Monument Square *Brighton Branch, 40 Academy Hill Road . JDorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adams St ■fLower Mills Branch, 1110 Washington, cor. Richmond St. JSouth End Branch. 65 West Brookline St. tjamaica Plain Branch, 12 Sedgwick, cor. South St JRoslindale Branch, 4210 Washington St. *West Roxbury Branch, 1961 Centre St. *Mattapan Branch, 8-10 Hazleton St. . *North End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. §Neponset Branch, 362 Neponset Ave. §Mt. Bowdoin Branch. 275 Washington St §Allston Branch, 161 Harvard Ave. . $Codman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Norfolk St. $Mt. Pleasant Branch, 335 Dudley, cor Vine St. $Tyler Street Branch, 130 Tyler, cor. Oak St. *West End Branch, 131 Cambridge St. JUpham's Corner Branch, 500 Columbia Rd. ^Memorial Branch, cor. Warren and Townsend Sts. §Roxbury Crossing Branch, 208 Ruggles, cor Tremont St. *Boylston Branch, 433 Centre St. ... §Orient Heights Branch, 5 Butler Ave. JCity Point Branch, Municipal Bldg., Broadway . *Parker Hill Branch, 1497 Tremont St. . *Hyde Park Branch, 35 Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. *Faneuil Branch, 419 Faneuil St. . §Andrew Square Branch, 394 Dorchester St. *Jeffries Point Branch, 22 Webster St. . . . IBaker Library, Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration Jan. *Kirstein Memorial Library Building: 20 City Hall Ave. Business Branch, first and second floors; Kirstein Branch, third floor. §Phillips Brooks Branch, 12 Hamilton St., Readville . . . May 18. 1931 ^ In the case of the Central Library and some of the branches the opening was in a different location from that now occupied. *ln building owned by City and controlled by Library Board, "fin building owned by City, and exclusively devoted to library uses. Jin City building, in part devoted to other municipal uses. §Occupies rented rooms. liThe lessee of the Fellowes Athenaeum, a private library association. JUnder agreement with Harvard. May 2, 1854 Jan. 28, 1871 May 1, 1872 July 16. 1873 Jan. 5 1874 Jan. 5 1874 Jan. 25, 1875 June 7 1875 Aug. 1877 June, 1876 Dec. 3 1878 Jan. 6 1880 Dec. 27 1881 Oct.. 1882 Jan. 1 1883 Nov. 1 1886 Mar. 11 1889 Nov. 12 1890 Nov. 12 1890 Jan. 16 1896 Feb. 1 1896 Mar. 16 1896 May 1 1896 Jan. 18 1897 Nov. 1 1897 June 25 1901 July 18 1906 July 15 1907 Jan. 1 1912 Mar. 4 1914 Mar. 5 1914 Oct. 15 1921 Jan. 15 1927 May 7 1930 CONTENTS Report of the. Trustees Balance Sheet .... Report of the Examining Committee Report of the Director . Appendix 1 8 14 27 33 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Boylston Branch Libiaiy . Jeffries Point Branch Library Faneuil Branch Library Frontispiece Facing page 6 Facing page 22 To His Honor James M. Curley, Mayor of the Ciiv of Boston. Sir: Tlie Trustees of the Public Library' of the City of Boston present the following report of its condition and a^airs for the year ending December 31, 1932, being the eighty-first eumual report. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD The Corporation organized at the annual meeting on May 20, 1932 \N-ith the election of Mr. Ellery Sedg\s'ick as President, Mr. John L. Hall as Vice President, and Miss Delia Jean Deerj^ as ClerL T~he term of .Monsignor Arthur T. Connolly, who had served as a Trustee since 1916, expired on April 30. Father Connolly gave generously of time and attention to the Library, until his active participation in its work had to cease with the advent of failing health. His services -svere described and recognized in the following Resolution adopted by the Trustees cind ordered spread upon the permanent records of the Corporation: Monsignor Arthur Theodore Connolly was a Trustee of the Boston Public Libran- from June 15, 1916 to November 8, 1932. During this long term he was tvsice President of this Board, and has left behind him the respect and affection of his colleagues, who deeply s>"mpathize with the limitations imposed by illness upon his eager spirit, and now take pleasure in recalhng the bene&cence of his work and counsel. Monsignor GjnnoUy combined the enthusiasm of the amateur ^Nith the matiirity of disciplined judgment. His companionship is pleasant to remember; his services not easy to forget. His Eminence \X'illiam Cardinal O'Cormell was appointed a Tmstee for the term of five j'ears ending Apnl 30, 1937. In recognition of the service of Mr. Gordon Abbott cis Trustee for the term which had expired in the preceding year, the Board adopted the following Resolution and ordered it spread upon the permanent records of the Corporation :  The Trustees of the Boston Public Library wish to place on their record fitting recognition of the services freely, generously, and persistently given by Gordon Abbott during the five years of his important service. From June 21, 1929 to June 28, 1930, Mr. Abbott was President of this Board, and retired on April 30, 1931, declining reappointment only on account of the pressure of other public duties. His term of office deserves especial remembrance, for it was owing largely to his vigilance and practical energy that the foundations of the Library were reestablished on new and adequate piling. On February 1, 1932, Mr. Milton Edward Lord assumed office as Director of the Library, having been confirmed in this appointment by the Board on December 4, 1 93 1 . BUDGET ESTIMATES The estimates submitted on November 1 , 1 93 1 for the main- tenance of the Library during the year 1 932 were later amended and reduced. These estimates were as follows: Item A. — Personal service . B. — Service other than personal C, — Equipment D. — Supplies E. — Materials Totals Original estimate $917,219 . 113,900 . 214,566 . 41.280 . 24.035 . $1,311,000 Amount allowed $858,000 78.340 1 72.775 39.440 19,600 $1,168,155 RECEIPTS OF THE LIBRARY The receipts which may be expended by the Trustees for the maintenance of the Library consist of the annual appropriation by the Mayor and City Council, and the income from Trust Funds given to the institution and invested by the City Treasurer. During the year 1 932 these receipts were : Annual appropriation Income from trust funds ....... Unexpended balance of trust funds income of previous years $1,168,155.00 27.013.68 49.805.86 Total . . . $1,244,974.54 Receipts which were accounted for and paid into the City Treasury for general municipal purposes during the year were as follows : From fines .......... From sales of waste paper ....... Carried foirvard $22,522.69 55.18 $22,577.87 [31 Brought forward $22,577.87 From sales of catalogs, etc. ........ 86.1 1 From commission on telephone stations ...... 513.01 From payments for lost books ........ 1,073.92 Interest on bank deposits ......... iO.29 Refund 33.15 Totals .... $24,294.35 EXPENDITURES OF THE LIBRARY The total amount expended during 1932 was $1 ,293,971 .29. This was divided as follows: From city appropriation ........ $1,147,579.89 From special appropriations ........ 126,345.78 From the income of trust funds . . . ... . . 20,045.62 ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY The number of volumes added to the Library during the year was 1 1 7,993, obtained chiefly by purchase, but in some part by gift and exchange. The total number of volumes in the Library at the close of the year was 1,631,422. The total amount expended for books, periodicals, news- papers, photographs, and other library material from the city appropriation and from the trust funds income was $1 79,973.00. USE OF THE LIBRARY The home use of books for the year was 5,567,681 . The use of material within the Library's premises for reference and study is for the most part unrestricted, and it is therefore impracticable to record it. In addition to the above noted use of the Central Library arid the thirty-four Branch Libraries, deposits of books were made available to 338 agencies, including engine houses, institutions, and schools.  COMPARATIVE STATISTICS, 1931 AND 1932 A comparison of certain statistics of 1 932 with those for 1 93 1 is noted below : 1931 1932 Total expenditures: city appropriaiion and trust funds income $1,267,221.00 . . $1,167,625.51 Expended for books and other library material from city appropriation and trust funds income . 211,103.00 . 179,973.00 Number of volumes added 131,454 . 117,993 Total number of volumes in the Library 1.572,802 . 1,631.422 Borrowed for home use 4,702,932 . 5,567,681 Number of card holders . 171.176 . 194.517 REVISED ORGANIZATION PLAN FOR THE LIBRARY On September 1 2 the Board adopted a revised plan of organi- zation for the Library. In accordance therev/ith the Director was requested to investigate the arrangement of personnel and the like necessary for putting the plan into effect. BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT During 1932 there were opened to the public three new branch library buildings: for the Faneuil Branch Library, the Boylston Branch Library, and the Jeffries Point Branch Li- brary. These were constructed under a special appropriation of $200,000 approved for the purpose on March 3, 1931 . The architects of the Faneuil Branch were Kilham, Hopkins, & Greeley; for the Boylston Branch, Maginnis & Walsh; for the Jeffries Point Branch, Thomas Williams. At the Central Library considerable attention was given to the problem of the level of the ground water in the vicinity of Copley Square, particularly as this affects the piling and the foundations of the Central Library building. In the study of the problem the aid of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology was en- listed. The study was initiated promptly and was still being actively carried on as the fiscal year 1932 came to its end, a report being expected in the new year. [51 GIFTS There was received a bequest of $2000 under the will of the late Horace G. Wadlin, Librarian of the Boston Public Library from 1 903 to 1917. The bequest was funded, with the income to be used for the purchase of books. Mr. Harry C. Bentley presented to the Library his collection of Early American Works on Accounting and expressed his desire to add subsequently to the collection as additional appro- priate items should become available. He presented as well the sum of $220.38 in connection with the purchase of certain items. The Beacon Hill Garden Club made available a much ap- preciated gift in the way of adequate planting for the grounds of the West End Branch Library. The Library received during the year many important gifts of books and other library material. A list of the principal gifts is to be found in the Appendix on pages 42-44. TRUST FUNDS The Trustees welcome bequests of money and hope that generous testators may remember the Library. It is from such sources only that they can make purchases of rare and other im- portant books that give value and prestige to a great educational institution such as the Library has become. As a matter of interest to the public the Board has pleasure in listing herein the present trust funds of the Library, with explana- tory notes. This list will be found on pages 45—55.  EXAMINING COMMITTEE Mr. George Bramwell Baker Mr. Mr. J. A. Lowell Blake Hon. Mr. Arthur H. Cole Mr. Mr. Allen Curtis Mrs. Mr. Frederic H. Curtiss Mrs. Mr. William J. Davidson Mr. Miss Susan J. Ginn Mr. Mr. Henry Lewis Johnson Dr. Mr. Matt B. Jones Mrs. Mr. James Ernest King Rev. Mrs. Edward L. Logan Mr. Rev. Harry Levi Mrs. The Trustees gratefully acknowledge the assistance given by the Examining Committee of 1932. Its membership included the following individuals: George R. Nutter James P. Parmenter Charles O. Pengra Elizabeth W. Perkins Edward M. Pickman Walworth Pierce Robert Proctor David D. Scannell Arthur A. Shurchff William M. Stinson, S.J. Joseph P. Toye Frederick Winslow It is gratifying to have the generous and helpful assistance of citizens who render such service. Special attention is called to the constructive report of the Committee as it appears on pages 1 4-26 immediately following. CONCLUSION The Trustees call attention particularly to the report of the Director of the Library. This follows on pages 27-32. They wish also to express publicly their appreciation of the work which the staff of the Library has carried on in the interest of the public. Frank W. Buxton John L. Hall Louis E. Kirstein William Cardinal O'Connell Ellery Sedgwick BALANCE SHEET  BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND Dr. Central Library and Branches: To Expenditures For: Permanent employees (exclusive of Printing and Binding Department employees) . . . $668,048.45 Temporary employees ...... 109,958.58 $778,007.03 To Service Other Than Personal: Printing and binding 208.88 Advertising 52.76 Transportation of persons 1,744.14 Cartage and freight 7,666.43 Light and power 19,386.75 Rent, taxes and Vk^ater 19,716.00 Surety bond and insurance 82.04 Communication ....... 3,502.48 Cleaning , 1349.25 Removal of ashes ....... 20.40 Removal of snow ....... 225.35 Expert 1.576.77 Fees 110.60 Photographic and blueprinting 347.75 General plant 9,536.82 65.526.42 To Expenditure For Equipment: Machinery 1.62 Motorless vehicles 14.95 Furniture and fittings ...... 9,501 .56 Office 2,031.98 Books: City Appropriation 1 47,921 .04 Trust funds income (including transfer to London account) 20,985.87 168,906.91 Newspapers : City appropriation 942.44 Trust funds income 2272.49 3,214.93 Music : City appropriation 21 1 .68 Trust funds income 1,213.64 1,425.32 Lantern slides: City appropriation 78.00 Trust funds income 80.70 1 58.70 Periodicals: City appropriation 14,489.03 Trust funds income 1.433.32 15,92235 Photographs: City appropriation 43.37 Trust funds income 16.40 59.77 Tools and instruments ...... 850.90 General plant 3563.67 205.652.66 Carried forvtard $1,049,186.11 [91 EXPENSES. DECEMBER 31, 1932 Cr. By City Appropriation 1932 .... $1,168,155.00 Income from Trust funds ..... 27.013.68 Income from James L. Whitney Bibliographic Account 700.00 Interest on deposit in London ..... 46.78 Transfer from Domestic Funds to London account 1 1 ,000.00 H. C. Bentley Gift 22038 $1,207,135.84 Carried forward $1,207,135,84  BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND Dr. Brought fortnarJ To Expenditures For Supplies: Office Food and ice Fuel Forage and animal Medical Laundry, cleaning, toilet Agricultural Chemicals and disinfectants General plant . To Expenditures For Material: .Building Electrical General plant $1,049,186.11 To Special Items: J. L. Whitney Bibliographic Account Francis Skinner, reimbursement To Binding Department: Salaries Light Repairs Equipment Supplies Stock To Printing Department Salaries Light Communication Repairs Equipment Supplies Stock Material Outside Work To Special Appropriations: Branch libraries, establishment of Central Library Building, Fireproofing, improvements, etc. Central Library Building Foundation improvements, etc. 7.621.01 311.73 18.655.61 18.35 72.05 2,022.89 486.07 194.85 2,387.79 4.244.38 2.257.57 1.249.17 2.755.42 43.20 61.421.02 66.54 87.86 1,354.30 3.85 6,046.49 14,252.05 44.36 1.15 216.41 224.92 21.53 4.558.40 2.95 287.88 113,220.72 387.30 12,737.76 31,770.35 7.751. 12 2.798.62 68.980.06 19.609.65 113.220.72 38730 12,737.76 Carried forward $1,306,441.69 1] EXPENSES, DECEMBER 31. 1932 Brought forivard .... By Balances Brought Forward from 1931 : Trust Funds income. City Treasurer . Trust Funds income on deposit in London City Appropriation on deposit in London . James L. Whitney Bibliographic Account . Library Building, Foundations . Library Building, Fireproofing . Branch Libraries, establishment of . Cr. $1,207,135.84 49.805.86 693.97 3,11739 8,278.15 32,485.72 16,912.10 121,557.95 232,851.14 Carried forwari] $1,439,986.95 21 BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND Dr. Brought forward $1306.441.69 To Amount Paid into City Treasurer: Fines Sales of catalogues, bulletins . Commission on telephone stations Payments for lost books . Interest on bank deposit . Refunds Sales of waste paper To Balance, December 31, 1932: Trust funds income on deposit in London City appropriation on deposit in London Trust funds income. City Treasury . James L. Whitney Bibliographic Account H. C. Bentley Gift .... To Balance Unexpended: General appropriation Central Library Building, Fireproofing Central Library Building, Foundations Branch Libraries, Establishment of . 22.522.69 86.11 513.01 1.073.92 10.29 33.15 55.18 2.87 4.404.53 57.509.68 6,222.73 22038 20,575.1 1 16,524.80 19,747.96 833723 24.29435 68360.19 65,185.10 $1,464.28133  EXPENSES. DECEMBER 31 , 1932 Cr. Brought forii^ard $1,439,986.98 By Receipts: From fines 22,522.69 Sales of catalogues, bulletins ..... 86.1 1 Commission on telephone stations .... 513.01 Payments for lost books ...... 1,073.92 Interest on bank deposit ...... 10.29 Refund 33.15 Sales of waste paper . ...... 55.18 24,294.35 $1,464,281.33 REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE To The Trustees of the Public Library OF THE City of Boston. Gentlemen: The Examining Committee submits its report for 1 932. In accordance with the suggestions made in the last report, the Committee met in October and substantially completed its work by December first. ' The sub-committees were in part reorganized so as to avoid overlapping. The thirty-three branch libraries were divided into eleven groups of three each, and two members were assigned to visit each group. A list of suggestions was given to the sub-committees and to the visitors to branches, to assist them in their examinations. These changes have all worked well, and we advise that they be continued, with the additional recommendation that the Examining Committee be appointed, and its sub-committees designated, in the spring or early summer, so as to give ample time for investigation while not postponing the final report beyond December first. This report is mainly made up from the reports of the sub- committees. These are on file and should be consulted for further details. I. GENERAL POLICIES It has seemed best not to attempt an extended survey of the general policies of the Library, but at this particular time and under the present circumstances to consider four subjects. I. What shall be the policy of the Library in a time of de- pression? Shall it expand, or contract, its service? At our request the Director has furnished us with some very interesting statistics showing the increased use of the Library during the period of depression. In substance, while about 5 % represents the increase over the preceding year in each of the  four years up to 1931, the increase in 1931 exceeded 13% over 1930; and, in the twelve months from November 1, 1931 to October 31,1 932, there was an increase of more than 1 6% over the corresponding period preceding. In 1928 43% of users of the Branch Libraries were adults and 57% children. In the ten months of 1932 the ratio was just reversed — 57% being adults and 43 % children. These figures seem to show the result of the depression. The important question is what shall be the policy. It is obvious that in a time of depression each department of the city must make its contribution to the general situation. The customary contribution, of course, in most departments would be a decreased budget. But there are departments, the work of which may be of distinct service in a time of depression. No one, of course, would suggest that a public welfare department should cut down its activities, or contract its appropriations. There are other departments which, in a lesser degree, might also be of great service in such a time. Such a department, we believe, is the Library. The unemployed naturally have leisure. The great problem of the future may be to find out how that leisure can be best employed, and the fact that leisure is enforced does not alter the problem. The old adage that Satan finds mischief for idle hands to do is never more applicable than in a time of depression, and we believe it is an important function of the municipal authori- ties to furnish something for idle hands, and heads as well, if they possibly can. It is just the time to throw open the resources of the Library to the unemployed. Under guidance they can cer- tainly improve themselves, and, if they are only entertained, it is much better to have them entertained in a library, with its surroundings, than to have them entertained on the street comer, or in other places far less desirable. The resources of the Library, if they get used to them, will enable them to bear their troubles with more patience, and even fit themselves rather better for what may come when there is an upward swing of the pendulum. Furthermore, we must not forget that it is among the un- employed, with their suffering, their anxiety, and their fears.  that the seeds of discontent are chiefly sown, which may blossom out into movements quite inimical to our institutions. In the present depression there is probably nothing that has been so striking as the patience, the courage, and the endurance which the unemployed have manifested. But it is not wise to depend too much upon the continuance of these virtues. Instead, therefore, of leaving the unemployed on the street corner to listen to the first demagogue who comes along, it would be a very wise move for the city in its own defense, and for a deeper and broader reason than merely consideration for the unemployed, to give them an opportunity in the Library. We therefore recommend that the resources of the Library be not lessened, but if possible increased, or at all events con- tinued as they are. We further recommend that every efFort be made by the staff of the Library to furnish to the unemployed suggestions as to the use of the Library, by printed circulars, printed lists of books, and, in general, such advice as the staff may have the opportunity to give. 2. The relationship of the Library to the various colleges and schools in our vicinity. This is a very important problem and deserves careful con- sideration. Some definite policy should be adopted. We believe that it is of great advantage to our community, in ways which it is not necessary to enumerate, that we should con- tinue, as we already are, to be a great centre for scholarly re- search. The Library may well do its best, in conjunction with other libraries, to furnish advanced scholars with ail reasonable facilities for research; this should not be abbreviated. But it is quite a different matter when the institutions of learn- ing, schools and colleges, go farther than this and endeavor to save their own finances by having the Library furnish the books for reference and collateral reading required by their pupils, which in fact they should furnish themselves, at least to the extent of having adequate library facilities for the work done in their departments. This throws an unnecessary burden upon the public treasury and interferes very much with the use the  citizens ought to have of the facihties of the Library. If a college or school is to be started, it certainly ought to have an adequate library — just as it ought to have an adequate laboratory in the event that it undertakes to teach any of the physical sciences. It ought not to expect the city to provide the books and facilities for the ordinary pupils — whatever may be the policy of the Library as to opportunities for reading and research to be given to the advanced scholars. We therefore recommend that a conference be called with the authorities of the various colleges and schools in the vicinity, the pupils of which have been accustomed to use our Library, and that a frank explanation of the attitude of the Library be given at this conference, in the effort to obtain some working system under which the Library will not be put to the expense of providing books which should be made available from other sources. We believe that such a conference would be produc- tive of good. But, if it does not result in the determination of any policy, we think that the Trustees should consider very care- fully whether there should not be a limitation put to the use of the Library in this fashion. 3. Hie problem of publicity. At the present time, publicity is essential to any undertaking, and the Library is no exception to this rule. The objects of publicity for the Library may be at least two-fold. In the first place, publicity is necessary to increase the circulation of books among the people, and to give them a knowledge of what they possess in this great storehouse of books. At the present time we do not need publicity of this nature because it would be im- possible to satisfy, with our present resources, any demand which would thus be stimulated. When means are at hand it will be well to investigate the possibility of establishing additional bran- ches in department stores, factories, etc. TTie second object of publicity is to interest in the Library many persons of means and cultivation who are not at present interested in it at all. The Library ought to build up a back- [181 ground of interest — such as is displayed by those who con- tribute to the Museum of Fine Arts and to the Symphony Or- chestra. The possession of this great accumulation of books is as much of cultural influence as either the production of art or of music, and tends to make its contribution to the general position of Boston as a centre for scholarly and cultural research. If this be admitted in theory, it of course requires much thought and consideration to put it into practice, and perhaps many experi- ments may fail before any experiment is reasonably successful. We therefore do not undertake to point out in what ways this publicity can be gained; we merely mention the general policy, which should be, as we believe, to interest persons of means and cultivation in the Library, so that the Library may be sustained not only by their interest, but also in practical ways by their munificence ; we must keep up books of the higher type if we are to be a great centre of research. We recommend that a fund be placed at the disposal of the Director, to be expended in making such experiments as he may believe to be effective in gaining this type of publicity. If such a fund cannot come from the city appropriation, it might well be supplied out of unrestricted trust funds. 4. Changes to render the branch libraries less institutional. Of course the first idea that comes to the mind of anyone who learns of a branch library is that it is merely a place for giving out books, without subjecting the recipient to the trouble of going to the central library. That of course is its prime function. But the branch library has the possibility of very much more. And in some branch libraries this has been undertaken. It may be made physically attractive to its community; it may sei-ve as a community centre to stimulate a taste for reading ; and in various other directions it may develop more homogeneity than is cus- tomarily found in these large urban centres. We feel that this type of work can well be extended in some branches, whereas in others it cannot be engaged in to advantage. We suggest to the branch librarians that, where it is possible, they consider in what way such extension can take place. 119] II. ADMINISTRATION Three topics have been considered, and the recommendations in connection with each of them are given herew^ith. 1 . To review the business and office practices of the Library, with a view to their development along up-to-date and efficient lines. We recommend that the entire administration of the library and the branches be studied with a view to relieving the Director of passing on unnecessary details, and placing more responsibility in the hands of each department head. The time and energies of the Director under the present system of organization must be taken up with decisions upon details of operation, which could be made adequately by appropriate subordinates. The Director's duties should be more largely related to problems of principle and policy. To this end we recommend the establishment of three main divisions in the Library's organization. Each of these should be headed by responsible officers who can relieve the Director of much of his present unnecessary executive burden and at the same time coordinate the work of the many existing independent departments along large functional lines. These three functional lines — and therefore the three main divisions into which the organization might fall — seem to us to be substantially the following: a. Circulation (branch libraries) b. Reference (central library) c. Business operations (the business management of the entire librar}'^ system). We believe that such an organization will prove much more economical and efficient and will eliminate duplication of records. To bring this about would necessitate some rearrangement of the physical location of certain groups whose activities are analogous, and concentrating them, thus bringing them into closer contact. We believe that, if this were done, it might be possible to intro- duce new methods or modernize methods now in use.  In connection with the suggestion that the administration be divided under three main divisions, it would be expected that the heads of those divisions might be selected from the Library's present force, but we believe that this matter is of such great importance that, unless such skilled assistants could be found there, some of these positions, as least, might have to be filled from the outside. If such an organization as suggested could be worked out, we believe that many of the problems facing the Library's ad- ministration might be solved with ultimate savings in labor, including the problem of the increased use of the Library which has appeared during the present period. 2. To consider the problem of missing, stolen and mutilated books. We appreciate that these problems face all institutions of this character. Many libraries have inaugurated the policy of obliging all users, both in the main library and in the branches, to check all bags and packages at the entrance. This should be studied carefully, and if possible developed irrespective of pos- sible criticisms and hardships. We have been surprised to learn the ease with which access to the stacks is possible, and temptations placed in the way of young employees. Apparently, risk of loss may be mimimized by a curtailment in the number of exits from the main stacks. The question of cutting off entirely to the public the entrance on the Blagden Street side of the main library, and the cutting off of access to stacks from the rest and recreation rooms of the employees, should be given early consideration. It might be possible even to fence off some portions, if not all, from access except to those entitled to entrance. A study should be made of some better follow-up policy on books, but we believe that the centralization of departmental work as suggested would assist materially in locating lost books. Also, in connection with the reorganization of the Library, it might be well to consider the shifting of the present force of the library to day and night work instead of having extra assistance at night.  The Trustees have recently had an experience in connection with the remitting of fines. We recommend that those to whom fines have been remitted be put on probation, and that, unless such persons meet the library requirements as to conduct and morals, they be prevented from further use of the Library for some definite period. In connection with the mutilation of books: So far as these appear in the departments used by minors, we suggest that co- operation be sought between the teachers of schools and the heads of the children's departments, to the end that, in courses in schools that call for illustrative materials, such minors be called upon to report where such illustrations have been procured, and that, furthermore, the school authorities be urged to require only such illustrations as may be found in the daily papers and Sunday supplements. It might be worth considering for each one of the children's departments to have a supply of illustrated papers, which might be procured if necessary from the outside, from which illustrations might be cut. 3. The Departments of Printing and Binding. These departments are ably managed and are doing excellent work, but, here as elsewhere, we believe that a more intimate supervision and tie-up with the three main divisions recommended in this report, would add to their efficiency, and probably effect some saving. III. BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT While we do not expect that structural changes involving large expense can be made at present, we wish to call the at- tention of the Trustees to certain defects in the Central Library, some of which they may find remediable. 1 . The lighting of the Abbey and Sargent pictures should be improved. Probably the advice of the lighting engineers at the Art Museum, who are familiar with such problems, might be obtained. 2. The Newspaper Room needs better ventilation. The floor is out of repair. It might be better if the regular entrance  were through the door from the outside lobby. Newspapers are now carefully stored in the basement; of these the early American issues ought to be placed in fireproof cabinets. 3. The Statistical Department, which might better be termed the Department of Economics and Documents, should have a more convenient and suitable approach. 4. When it becomes possible to make alterations in the building, the Children's Room should be on the ground floor with a separate entrance. IV. BOOKS 1 . We advise that the method now followed in the choice of fiction for adults, viz., selection by a group of competent ex- aminers, be extended to non-fiction and juvenile material, so that books may be selected and purchased more systematically than at present. 2. We also advise that, in the distribution of books among the branches, more attention be paid to the particular types of books required in each branch. Statistics as to the use of books now compiled in each branch may readily be amplified so as to classify fiction and non-fiction in as much detail as may be found desirable. The result of such classifications, transmitted fre- quently to the Central Library, would serve as a basis for the allotment of books to the several branches. The trend of popu- lation in each district should also guide in determining the kind of books to be supplied. V. THE SPECIAL LIBRARIES 1. We urge upon the Trustees the necessity of taking im- mediate measures to preserve from further injury the rare and valuable books in the Barton-Ticknor Room. The absence of proper ventilation and the lack of moisture are producing the most deplorable effects upon many of them. The steam pipes should be covered with asbestos, humidifiers should be installed, an oil dressing should be applied to many of the bindings, and  the more valuable volumes, at least, should be treated by an expert binder. 2. In the Fine Arts Room a leaking roof should be repaired and the large collection of prints should be catalogued. 3. Some of the young men employed in these and other de- partments are given, besides the usual vacation, an extra month for service in military training camps. Their prolonged absence throws upon the employees w^ho remain an added burden which should be lightened. VI. CHILDREN'S DEPARTMENT AND WORK WITH SCHOOLS The Children's Room in the Central Library is in excellent condition. The Teachers' Room needs better lighting for the lower shelves, which could be given if the present lighting fix- tureSj or some of them, were to be turned down instead of up as they now are. The Adams collection occupies shelves in this room much needed for educational works. So the American Merchant Marine Library occupies needed space in the Branch Issue Department. It is desirable that such libraries, not a part of the Library's collections, be housed outside of the building. 2. The system of sending out books to schools as loan col- lections, whether from the Central Library or from branches, should be thoroughly examined and revised. Books are often left in class rooms for an unreasonable tim.e, and it is doubtful whether they are used to the best advantage. A committee made up of representatives of the Library and of the schools might well study the situation, and if possible evolve a plan whereby these books sent to the schools might give a maximum amount of service to a maximum number of children, and where- by also the librarians of the branch libraries might be brought into closer touch with the schools in their neighborhood, so as to assist teachers and children to make more profitable use of the facilities of the branch library, and especially to turn the at- tention of the children to the better books. More, too, should  be done in the schools to teach children to respect books, and not to soil or mutilate them. 3. We suggest that in the branch libraries, while the younger children have their own room, another section be reserved for readers between the ages of fifteen and eighteen years inclusive, so that the section reserved for adults may be kept as a quiet place for older people. VII. BRANCHES From the reports of the sub-committees on the various branches we draw these general conclusions. 1 . A library should not be housed in a building used also for other purposes, whether municipal, school, or business. 2. The departments for children and adults should be so far separated that the greater confusion and noise which naturally must exist in the children's department may not disturb adult readers. 3. The condition of ventilation in the several branches should be examined and improvement made where needed and prac- ticable. 4. A careful examination should be made of the lighting arrangements in all branches, to the end that there may be sufficient light for reading and study. 5. Linoleum or other suitable floor covering should be placed on floors over which many people pass. Good air, light, and quiet are primary requirements in a library. 6. Speaking tubes or telephones should be installed for easy communication between departments on different floors or other- wise separted. We believe that in some branches, at any rate, improvements of the above nature could be made without prohibitory expense and would make conditions much better for librarians and readers. In the following list mention is made of some of the more pressing needs of the several branches. More detailed state- ments will be found in the visitors' reports on file.  Allston. Should be relocated nearer schools. Linoleum needed. Andrew Square. In excellent condition. BoYLSTON. New. No suggestions. Brighton. Linoleum should be laid in basement and re- paired on first floor. Lighting too high. Charlestown. Adults should be on ground floor and chil- dren on floor above. Ventilation in lecture room bad. City Point. Better rest rooms needed which could be had by using probation officer's room. Noisy floor. Lighting should be improved. CODMAN Square. Much used by children, and hence noisy for adults. Dorchester. Telephone or speaking-tube needed between adults' and children's departments. Baby clinic twice a week should be removed. Lighting satisfactory. East Boston. General condition good. Rearrangement of counter in children's room needed. Better rest room could be made in basement. Faneuil. New. Lecture Hall may be required later for reading room. FelLOWES Athen^UM. Better signs desirable. Hyde Park. Wiring in basement not up to present require- ments. More linoleum needed to deaden noise. Jamaica Plain. Work-room needed. Jeffries Point. Bad ventilation. Outside sign desirable. KiRSTEIN. Much used, and needs more space. Subject cata- logue needed. Lower Mills. In good condition. MattaPAN. New. No suggestions. Memorial. Confusion, as adults and children are in one large room with one central desk. Room on street floor might be used for separate department. Means of communication with janitor's room needed. Mount Bowdoin. Rest room used for book repairing, for which it is not adapted. Telephone extension in main library advised. Exit passageway too narrow. New building between Mount Bow- doin and Codman Square desirable. Mount Pleasant. Poorly lighted and planned. Interfered with by other municipal uses in same building. Neponset. Wholly inadequate. Much used and only one room. North End. Lighted signs needed at entrance. Room for adults should be extended into lecture room. Floor needs repair. Greatly increased use. Good collection of Italian books.  Orient Heights. Adults and children cannot be properly separated. Lower janitor's entrance should have lights. Parker Hill. New. Speaker's stand and screen in audi- torium desirable. Phillips Brooks. Ventilation difficult. Floor noisy. RosLINDALE. Too small and has gymnasium overhead. Other quarters desirable. Light for desk in children's section needed. RoXBURY Crossing. Should ultimately be moved. Bad ventilation. Floor noisy. South Boston. Better rest room needed. Lighting system bad and should be improved as soon as possible. South End. Very much used. Ventilation poor. Tyler Street. Entrance not well marked. Noise from gymnasium overhead. UpHAM's Corner. Telephone between adults' and children's rooms necessary. Extra shelves and counter desk should be put in. West End. Roof leaks. Lighting in children's room poor. Ventilation should be improved. West RoxBURY. Working quarters might be better arranged. Floor covering in assembly room especially needed. Curbing for lawn desirable. While this report is largely concerneci with improvements which we think desirable, we are not unmindful of the great amount of good work that is being done. In the Central Library, and in the branches, we have found the librarians and assistants working intelligently and devotedly, making the best of often unsatisfactory conditions and well maintaining the high standards of the Library. Adopted as the Report of the Examining Committee, De- cember 12, 1932. James P. Parmenter, Vice Chairman George B. Baker Harry Levi J. A. Lowell Blake George R. Nutter Arthur H. Cole Charles O. Pengra Allen Curtis Elizabeth W. Perkins Frederic H. Curtiss Hester Pickman William J. Davidson Walworth Pierce Susan J. Ginn Robert Proctor Henry L. Johnson David D. Scannell Matt B. Jones Margaret H. Shurcliff James E. King William M. Stinson, S.J. Cecilia F. Logan Joseph P. Toye Mary W. Winslow [271 REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR To THE Trustees of the Public Library OF THE City of Boston: I submit herewith the report of the Director of the Library for the year ending December 31, 1 932. EFFECTS OF THE DEPRESSION During the year the Library experienced to an increasing degree the effects of the economic depression. On the positive side this was to be noted in an appreciabl}^ increased number of individuals using the entire library system and in a greatly increased number of books lent to borrowers. On the negative side it was to be perceived in decreased appropriations from the City for the support of the Library. INCREASED USE OF THE LIBRARY By the end of 1 932 the number of individuals registered for taking books had reached the total of 1 94,5 1 7. There were then 23,341 more than at the same time a year earlier, an increase of 14%. That the effects of the depression were at work was evident. For instance, in 1 929 45 % of the borrowers from the branch libraries were adults and 55% children; by the end of 1932 the ratio had been just reversed, 55% being adults and 45% children. Such a change was apparently not a reflection of fewer children borrowing fewer books; on the contrary in 1 932 more children were borrowing more books than ever before. It was more than all else a reflection of the fact that more and more books were being borrowed by more and more adults. Presumably most of the new adult users of the Library came from the ranks of the unemployed. In their leisure the unemployed everywhere have apparently turned to the public library. There seems otherwise to be no  reasonable explanation of the greatly increased use of the Library during these last three years, including 1932. Since 1929 there has occurred an increase of 42% in the number of books bor- rowed for home use. The number lent during 1 932 alone was 18% greater than the number lent in 1931. The following table indicates what has happened : 1929 . NO. OF BOOKS LENT )R HOME USE 3,930,068 PERCENTAGE OF INCREASE OVER PRECEDING YEAR PERCENTAGE OF INCREASE OVER 1929 1930 . 1931 . 1932 . 4,133,459 4,702,932 5,567.681 ; ' 5% : . 13% , 18% .' .' "5% ■ . . 20% . 42% In connection with these figures it is of interest to note that, whereas the average percentage of increase for the public libraries of the country at large during the three years was 37%, the per- centage of increase for the Boston Public Library was 42%. It should also be borne in mind that the above figures record only a part of the use of the Library, i.e., the number of books borrowed for home reading. No recorded use of books within the Library's premises is available ; it has been evident, however, that the latter has increased markedly. The total effect has been by the end of 1932 to make acute the need for additional assistants and for more books, old as well as new. This need is interestingly pre- sented from still another point of view on pages 14—16 above in the Report of this year's Examining Committee. DECREASED APPROPRIATIONS With the beginning of the year it became clear that in facing the greatly increasing demands noted above the Library was to have appreciably decreased funds with which to carry on its work. The City appropriated for its support during 1932 the amount of $1 , 1 68, 1 55. This was a reduction of $94,349 from the amount appropriated for the preceding year 1 93 1 . Op>erating expenses had, of course, to be reduced. This was accomplished in such a way as not unduly to hamper the Library in meeting the ever increasing demands of the public.  Fortunately it was not necessary to curtail the hours of opening throughout the library system, except for a Sunday closing of the branch libraries and a shortening of the Sunday hours at the central library. The appropriation for the purchase of books, however, suffered appreciably. This was reduced from $175,000 in 1931 to $160,000 in 1932. The effect was that, while more and more books were being used, read, and worn out, fewer and fewer copies were being purchased to meet the demands for books, old and new, and particularly to replace those worn out from heavy, constant use. Improvement of physical facilities had to be put aside for better days. The ten year building program, initiated in 1 930, for the construction of two new branch library buildings each year came to a stop early in 1932, just as there were being com- pleted the new buildings begun in 1931 for the Faneuil Branch in Brighton, the Boylston Branch in Jamaica Plain, and the Jeffries Point Branch in East Boston. Yet, despite budgetary restrictions in nearly all directions, the Library completed the year doing 42 % more business than in the last of the so-called boom years (1929). No appreciable ad- ditions had been made to the library staff during the three years. All of the additional work had been taken on by the staff, in- dividually and jointly, in excellent spirit. DEVELOPMENT OF A REVISED PLAN OF ORGANIZATION In carrying on an amount of work so greatly augmented it became more and more clear that the existing plan of organization of the Library was not entirely adequate for effective administra- tion. The need for recasting its lines had already been recog- nized even before the 1 932 growth in work made it increasingly evident. With the advent of a new library administration early in 1932 the problem became at once an object of study. The plan under which the Library had been operating for many years was characterized by a relatively high degree of centralization. The result has been that the time and energies of 130] the Director have perforce been taken up with the necessity of making decisions upon details of operation. The remedy has therefore seemed to he in the development and appointment of appropriate subordinate officers to assume responsibihty for the detailed operation of the Library, so that the Director may be free to concern himself actively with the general duties that are properly his. It was with a view to meeting this need that there was adopted in September a revised plan of organization. This is based upon a recognition of the large functional lines along which the major activities of the Library fall, namely: 1 . circulation of books (centered largely in the branch libraries) ; 2. reference use of books (concentrated chiefly in the central library) ; 3. business operations (the business management of the entire library system). In recognition of these the new plan provides for the establish- ing of three main divisions for the organization of the Library — a Circulation Division, a Reference Division, and a Division of Business Operations. Within these it is proposed to arrange the sixty-five or so departments and branch libraries existing at present. A responsible officer is to be named to head each of the three divisions, who with subordinate officers will be responsible for the entire functioning of his division. The three division heads are to be responsible directly to the Director; they will be the second ranking officers of the Library. It is intended that the Director will thus become the general administrator of the entire library system, while the three division heads will be the active executive officers for their respective divisions. The effect will be a decentralization from the Director down one grade, and then up to that grade a centralization at three separate points. The development and application of the plan in detail will be spread over several years. Some of the steps can be accom- plished in the year to come. Others must await the evolution of proper and suitable conditions before being attempted. All will, of course, be subject to change or revision as necessary or desirable.  PERSONNEL The implications of the above changes are many for the per- sonnel of the Library. Perhaps the most important is that extensive training of personnel is necessary for the full success of the proposed developments. An appreciably large number of individuals within the library sta^ must be constantly in training for higher responsibilities. And, which is most important for these individuals, there must be an ample number of intermediate positions at all grades in which they can gain experience and recognition. To aid in meeting these training requirements it is proposed that the training courses offered by the Library be recast on lines differing appreciably from those prevailing since the establish- ment of the Library Training Class in 1 927. In June the Train- ing Class completed its fifth academic year. It did not resume in October its program along the usual lines. Instead preparation was instituted upon a new program to be put into effect in 1933. The aim of this will be to afford formal training to those who have the will and the ability to develop themselves for increased responsibilities. The sole requirements for pursuing the new training courses will be a willingness to work and an ability to achieve. It is clear that the members of the present staff of the Library will in most instances wish to take advantage of opportunities for improving the service which they render to the public. The spirit in which they have carried on the many activities of the Library under heavily increased demands during the past year is indicative of that. It is a pleasure to testify here to the excellence of that spirit. Outside of the entrance of a new Director into office on February 1 , there is only one important change in personnel during the year that has to be noted. On August 31, Miss Florence F. Richards, Assistant in the Shelf Department in the Central Library, retired under the provisions of the Boston Re- tirement Act. She was the senior member of the staff in length of service, having been in the employ of the Library for fifty-five years.  CONCLUSION In view of the fact that the limitations of space have prevented a detailed presentation of the w^ork of the individual branch libraries and departments, attention is called particularly to the statistical summaries of their work that appear in the Appendix to this Report. The Director wishes to express in conclusion his deep apprecia- tion of the excellent support which he has received from Trustees and Library Staff alike. He is grateful for it. Respectfully submitted, Milton E. Lord, Director  APPENDIX TABLES OF CENTRAL AND BRANCH CIRCULATION 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 Central Library 637,977 678,834 676,240 698.627 728.656 777.666 Business Branch 6.157* 13.193 16.604 Allston 81,984 86.960 97,445 108.557 137.709 1 75,054 Andrew Square 92,926 104.563 110.225 116.196 128.337 155,574 Boylston 68.196 81.405 80,097 79,946 94306 147.862 Brighton 98,907 96,586 92.223 103,145 121,032 139.276 Charleslown 110,069 105.659 100,483 100,914 119,637 136.845 City Point 54,232 56.686 83,558 97,264 122,619 1 55,492 Codman Square 156,559 1 57,498 1 53.372 158,881 186,386 216.780 Dorchester 101,957 109,553 99,255 102.790 115,810 137.018 East Boston 1 40,379 151,099 145,759 1 57,746 180.859 218.072 Faneuil 50,212 60,143 72,005 78,436 90.424 120.007 Fellowes Athen. 89,479 91 .463 88.381 85.739 93.970 114.937 Hyde Park 107,168 110,679 108,512 120.878 127.888 1 54,838 Jamaica Plain 85,262 86398 85,935 95.895 118.561 133.335 Jeffries Point 61,893 63.185 62,111 70,768 75.459 100.736 Kirstein 18,020* 43.196 56.971 Lower Mills 35.835 38,428 44.730 52,279 59,692 76.137 Mattapan 95.085 124,374 133,210 139.723 187.669 220.675 Memorial 171.034 178.142 180,344 1 78,467 213.320 246.739 Mt. Bowdoin 129.487 132.424 134.008 134.310 151.456 168.036 Mt. Pleasant 66,315 72.367 72,167 76.956 82,795 100.361 Neponset 48.331 48.639 51,228 57.043 60.986 75.148 North End 143,381 146.616 145.201 145326 1 58333 185.849 Orient Heights 55,625 49.015 42.571 56,954 60.512 84.887 Parker Hill 45,862 51.412 56.209 60,815 112.308 130.042 Phillips Brooks 25.713* 50383 Roslindale 113.150 122,260 124.995 130,268 151,956 170,287 Roxbury Crossing 77.770 78,269 78.803 80.022 69.034 77.650 South Boston 170.911 181,376 171.805 163,266 161.244 189.904 South End 116,226 1 1 7,982 123,794 124352 122.870 1 50.745 Tyler Street 39,868 42.875 46.058 51.195 59.163 74,230 Uphams Corner 152,140 171,260 169,027 184.595 201.701 225.285 West End 175.683 183.887 180.854 177.125 189.543 219.413 West Roxbury _ 1 1 1 ,754 119.249 119,463 120.804 136.595 164,843 3,705,657 3,899,286 3,930,068 4.133.459 4.702,932 5.567.681 For eight months, May through December.  The net gains in circulation are presented, apart from the totals, in the following form: VOLUMES 1927 gain over preceding year ........ 306,520 1928 gain over preceding year ........ 193,629 1929 gain over preceding year ........ 30,782 1930 gain over preceding year ........ 203,391 1931 gain over preceding year ........ 569,473 1932 gain over preceding year ........ 864,749 USE OF BOOKS Circulation from Central by Months January, February March April May June July August September October November December 1932 Totals HOME USE SCHOOLS AND HOME USE INSTITUTIONS THROUGH TOTALS DIRECT THROUGH BRANCH DEPT. BRANCH DEPT. 38,89! 9,170 30,557 78.618 38,989 9,068 32,348 80.405 39,580 9,720 32,469 81.769 36,294 8,513 32.902 77,709 31,133 7.151 32,527 70,81 1 24,569 6372 ' 12,941 43,882 26,715 5,555 4.550 36.820 26,021 5.786 4392 36.199 28.900 6,260 5346 40,506 41,969 9,151 15,928 67.048 45,213 10,879 25,553 81,645 40.595 10,096 31,563 82,254 418,869 97.721 261.076 777.666 Distribution ok Total Circulation Central Library: a. Direct .... b. Through Branches 1. Deposit Collections . 2. General Collections . c. Schools and institutions through Branch Department Business Branch Branches: Allston Andrew Square Boylston Brighton Charlestown City Point HOME USE 418,869 69,756 27.965 schools and institutions 261,076 777.666 16,604 175,054 175,054 155,574 .... 155,574 147,862 147,862 125.991 13,285 139,276 128.809 8.036 136,845 155,492 155,492  Codman Square Dorchester East Boston Faneuil Fellowes Atlienaeum Hyde Park Jamaica Plain Jeffries Point Kirstein Lower Mills Mattapan Memorial Mount Bowdoin Mount Pleasant Nepbnset North End Orient Heights Parker Hill Phillips Brooks Roslindale Roxbury Crossing South Boston South End Tyler Street Uphams Corner West End West Roxbury 4.602.790 170,621 4.773.411 These figures are condensed into the following : Bool(6 Lent for Home Use, including Circulation through Schools and Institutions 205.295 11.485 216.780 136,048 970 137.018 197,176 20,896 218.072 120.007 120.007 100,657 l'4,'286 114.937 148,356 6,482 154,838 119.336 13,999 133.335 100,736 100.736 56.971 .... 56.971 76.137 76.137 220,675 220.675 246,481 ' *258 246,739 168,036 • • . . 168,036 100.361 . . • . 100,361 75,148 75,148 185.118 ' 731' 185.849 84,887 84,887 130.042 130,042 50.383 • • . • 50383 160.662 9.625 170,287 77,650 .... 77.650 166.225 23.679 189.904 147,271 3.474 150.745 74.230 .... 74.230 225,000 285 225.285 195.512 23,901 219.413 145.608 19,235 164.843 From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through the branches) ........ From Business Branch ........ From branches (excluding Looks received from Central Library) . Total .... Comparative Central Library circulation (excluding schools and institutions) Direct home use .... Through branches Business Branch .... Branch libraries circulation (ex- cluding schools and institutions) Schools and institutions circulations (in- cluding books from Central through the .Branch system) 350.675 87.529 1931 438.204 13.193 3.775.021 476.514 4.702,932 418.869 97,721 777,666 16,604 4.773.41 1 5.567.681 1932 516.590 16,604 4.602.790 431.697 5.567.681  Under the inter-library loan system with other libraries the following use of books for the purpose of serious research is shown for two successive years: 1931 1932 Volumes lent from this Library to other libraries in Massachusetts 2.389 2,254 Lent to libraries outside of Massachusetts 428 416 Total 2.817 2,670 Applications refused: From libraries in Massachusetts ...... 692 841 From libraries outside of Massachusetts . . . .178 195 Total 870 1.036 The classified direct circulation of the branches was as follows, for two successive years: 1931 1932 VOLUMES PERCENTAGE VOLUMES PERCENTAGE Fiction for adults . 1 ,503,842 39.8 1,988,414 432 Non-fiction for adults . 423.081 112 553.638 12.0 Juvenile fiction 1 ,255,640 33.3 1 ,401 .932 30.5 Juvenile non-fiction 592,458 15.7 658.806 143 At the Central Library the classified direct circulation shows the following percentages: Fiction Non-fiction 1931 1932 PERCENTAGE PERCENTAGE 43.7 453 563 54.7 BOOK ACCESSIONS BOOKS ACQUIRED BY PURCHASE For the Central Library: From City appropriation . From trust funds income . 1931 1 5,309 2.962 18271 1932 15.810 3359 For branches: From City appropriation . From trust funds income . . 100.124 1,120 86.500 1,618 101,244 119.515 19,169 88.118 107.287  The following statement includes the accessions by purchase combined with books received by gift or otherwise: Accessions by purchase Accessions by gift Accessions by exchange Accessions by periodicals bound Accessions by newspapers bound Accessions by serials bound Totals . TOTAL CENTRAL BRANCHES VOLUMES 19.135 88.1 52 107.287 5,316 1,908 7.224 32 43 75 1,789 24 1,813 138 .... 138 1.456 1.456 27.866 90.127 17.993 THE CATALOGUE 1931 1932 VOLS. AND TITLES VOLS. AND TITLES PARTS PARTS Catalogued (new) : Central Library Catalogue 28,764 22,640 35.772 23.524 Serials 7.361 .... 6,756 . . . . Branches 88.331 78,383 78.128 69.882 Recafalogued 12,836 7.083 21.102 8^70 Totals 137.292 108.106 141.758 101.676 SHELF DEPARTMENT The number of volumes shelved and thus made available for public use, taken from the report of the Shelf Department, is : Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year: General collection, new books (including continuations) . . . 29,964 Special collections, new books and transfers ..... 4.617 Books reported lost or missing in previous years but now found, transfers from branches, etc. ......... 3,085 37,666 Removed from Central Library shelves during the year: Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced, trans- fers, etc. 13.304 Net gain at Central L-ibrary ......... 24362 Net gain at Branches .......... 32,081 Placed in Business Branch ......... 2,177 Net gain entire library system ......... 58,620  The total number of volumes available for public use at the end of each year since the formation of the Library is shown in the following statement: 1852^53 . 9,688 1893 597.152 1853-54 . 16.221 1894 610.375 1854-55 . 22,617 1895 628,297 1855-56 . 28,080 1896-97 663,763 1856-57 . 34,896 1897-98 698,888 1857-58 . 70,851 1898-99 716.050 1858-59 . 78.043 1899-1900 746,383 1859-60 . 85,031 1900-01 781.377 1860-61 . 97.386 1901-02 812.264 1861-62 . 105.034 1902-03 835.904 1862-^3 . 110,563 1903-04 848,884 1863-64 . 116,934 1904-05 871.050 1864-65 . 123.016 1905-06 878.933 1865-66 . 130,678 1906-07 903.349 1866-67 . 136,080 1907-08 . 922.348 1867-68 . 144.092 1908-09 941.024 1868-69 . 1 52.796 1909-10 961 ,522 1869-70 . 160.573 1910-11 987,268 1870-71 . 1 79,250 1911-12 1.006,717 1871-72 . 192,958 1912-13 1.049,011 1872-73 . 209,456 1913-14 1.067.103 1873-74 . 260,550 1914-15 1 ,098.702 1874-75 . 276.918 1915-16 1,121.747 1875-76 . 297,873 1916-17 1.139.682 1876-77 . 321.010 1917-18 1.157.326 1877-78 . 345.734 1918-19 1.173.695 1878-79 . 360.963 1919-20 1.197.498 1879-80 . 377.225 1920-21 1,224.510 1880-81 . 390,982 1921-22 1.258.211 1881-52 . 404,221 1922-23 1 .284.094 1882-83 . 422.116 1923-24 1,308,041 1883-84 . 438.594 1924-25 1,333,264 1884-85 . 453.947 1925 1,363,515 1885 460.993 1926 1,388,439 1886 479,421 1927 1,418,489 1887 492.956 1928 1 .442.802 1888 505.872 1929 1.475.743 1889 520.508 1930 1,526,951 1890 536.027 1931 1 ,572,802 189! 556.283 1932 1.631.422 1892 576,237 Volumes in entire library system ........ 1,631,422 Volumes in the Business Branch ........ 11 ,903 Volumes in the branches ......... 497,628  These volumes are located as follows ; Central Library . . 1.121,891 Mattapan 16.163 Business Branch . 11.903 Memorial 21.218 Allston 11.927 Mt. Bowdoin 13,947 Andrev/ Square . 10,628 Mt. Pleasant 8,023 Boylston 10,592 Neponset 7.084 Brighton 22.302 North End 13.998 Charlestown 16.858 Orient Heights 8.139 City Point 11.787 Parker Hill 12.473 Codman Square . 17.673 Phillips Brooks . 4.153 Dorchester 16,520 Roslindale 14.441 East Boston 23.095 Roxbury Crossing 5.453 Faneuil 10,895 South Boston 22.906 Fellowes Athenaeum , 40.646 South End 12,649 Hyde Park 30.922 Tyler Street 7,638 Jeffries Point 8,031 Uphams Corner . 16.763 Jamaica Plain 19.571 West End 25,162 Kirslein 6,684 West Roxbury 21,972 Lower Mills 7.315 THE BINDERY style Number of volumes bound in various Magazines stitched Volumes repaired Volumes guarded Maps mounted Photographs and engravings mounted Library publications folded, stitched and trimmed 1931 1932 74.216 75.393 106 107 1,949 1,907 674 669 281 142 6,433 5,815 83,254 97,200 THE PRINTING DEPARTMENT 1931 1932 Requisitions received and filled ...... 166 288 Card Catalogue (Central Library) : Titles (Printing Department count) 6.924 10,620 Cards finished 100.492 123.644 Card Catalogue (Branches) : Titles (Printing Department count) 792 1,000 Cards finished 75.765 74,777 Signs 237 3.115 Blank forms (numbered series) 2,421.334 6,139,910 Forms, circulars and sundries (unnumbered) .... 67.750 140.002 Catalogues, pamphlets, and bibliographical programmes . . 79.550 84.950 OUTSTANDING .BOOK PURCHASES Bible. New Testament. Greek. Rockefeller McCormick New Testa- ment. Edited by Edgar J. Goodspeed, Donald W. Riddle and Harold R. Willoughby. University of Chicago Press. 1 932. 3 vols.  Brewer. Luther A. My Leigh Hunt library: the first editions with 100 illustrations. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The Torch Press. (1932). Vol. 1 . Strathmore Bay Path issue. Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. L'ingenieux hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manche. Traduit par Xavier de Cardaillac et Jean Labarthe et orne de 250 bois originaux par Hermann Paul. Maastricht. Leiter- Nypels. 1930, 31. 4 vols. Illustrated. Plates. Ornamental capitals. Edition limited to 375 copies. Eisen, Gustavus A. Portraits of Washington. New York. Robert Hamilton & Associates. 1 932. 3 vols. Firmicus Maternus, Julius. Begin. lulii Firmici Astronomicorum libri octo integri, & emendati, ex Scythicis oris ad nos nuper allati . . . Colophon: Venetiis cura, & diligentia Aldi Ro. Mense octob. 1 499. (A fine example of one of the earliest productions of the Aldus press. ) Graves, Gertrude M., compiler. A New England family (Fowle and Hunnewell) and their French ancestors, with genealogical records of some ancestors, descendants and various affiliated familes. Bos- ton. Privately printed. 1930. Great Britain. Court of Star Chamber. A decree of Star Chamber con- cerning printing made July 1 1, 1637. (New York). The Grolier Club. (1884.) Edition limited to 148 copies, on Holland paper. (The first publication of the Grolier Club.) Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by T. E, Lawrence. Designed by Bruce Rogers. London. 1932. Edition limited to 350 copies. Le Jeune, Le R. P. L. Dictionnaire general de biographic, histoire, litterature, agriculture, commerce, industrie, et des arts, sciences, moeurs, coutumes, institutions, politiques et religieuses du Canada. Universite d'Ottawa. (1931). 2 vols. Portraits. Plates. Maps. Genealogical charts. Loris, D. Le thresor des parterres de I'univers, contenant les figures et pourtraits des plus beaux compartimens, cabanes, & labyrinths des jardinages, tant a I'allemande qu* a la frangoise. Geneva. Estienne Gamonet. 1 629. Title within woodcut border. Designs for gardens and mazes. Old limp vellum. (The descriptions of "the manner of dressing banks and beds in gardens" appear in Latin, French, Ger- man and English. One of the earliest printed treatises on gardening in English.) Mather, Cotton. A midnight cry. An essay for our awakening out of that sinful sleep, to which we are at this time too much disposed; and for our discovering of what peculiar things there are in this time, that are for our awakening. In a discourse given on a day of prayer, kept by the North-Church in Boston, I 692. By Cotton Mather. Now published for the use of that church, together with a copy  acknowledgements and protestations made in pursuance of the Reformation whereto we are to be awakened. Boston. Printed by John Allen. I 692. Mather, Increase. Two plain and practical discourses concerning I. Hard- ness of heart, showing that some, who live under the Gospel, are by a judicial dispensation, given up to that judgment, and the signs thereof; II. The sin and danger of disobedience to the Gospel. By Increase Mather, President of Harvard College in Cambridge, and Preacher of the Gospel at Boston in New-England. London. Printed for J. Robinson and are to be sold by Samuel Phillips, Bookseller in Boston, in New-England, 1 699. Moussinac, Leon. Tendances nouvelles du theatre. Choix de decors, costumes, details de mise en scene utilises dans les representations les plus originales de ces quinze dernieres annees. Precede de remarques sur les recentes recherches de I'art du theatre. Paris. Les Editions Albert Levy. 1931. Edition limited to 615 copies. Illus- trations, some in color. Pelham, Henry. A plan of Boston in New England with its environs, in- cluding Milton, Dorchester, Roxbury, Brookline, Cambridge, Med- ford, Charlestown, parts of Maiden and Chelsea, with the military works constructed in those places in the years 1775 and 1776. London. Henry Pelham. 1 777. Engraved in aqua tinta by Fran- cis Jukes. Size 27 X 38 inches. With the signature of Henry Pelham in ink. Framed. Pennell, Joseph. Catalogue of the lithographs of Joseph Pennell. Com- piled by Louis A. Wuerth. With an introduction by Elizabeth Robins Pennell. Boston. Little, Brown. 1931. Plates. Edition limited to 425 copies. Perleberg, Hans C. Persian textiles. Photographic prints. With an introduction by John Cotton Dana. Philadelphia. (19 19-1 93-?) 2 vols. 50 plates illustrating original Persian and Paisley shawls, tapestries and borders. Powell, H. M. T. The Santa Fe Trail to California 1 849-1 852. The journal and drawings of H. M. T. Powell. Edited by Douglas S. Watson. San Francisco. Book Club of CaUfornia. 1931. Edition limited to 300 copies. Royal Academy of Arts. London. A commemorative catalogue of the exhibition of Italian art held in the galleries of the Royal Academy, Burlington House, London, Jan. — March, 1930. London. Ox- ford University Press. 1931. 2 vols, text and atlas. Portrait in color. Shakespeare, William. The works of Shakespeare. The text of the First folio with quarto variants and a selection of modern readings. New York. The Nonesuch Press. 1929-32. Vignettes. Vols. 1-6.  Wise, Thomas J. The Ashley Library. A catalogue of printed books, manuscripts and autograph letters collected by Thomas J. Wise. London. Printed for private circulation only. 1922-1930. 10 vols. Portrait. Plates. Facsimiles. Edition limited to 200 copies. OUTSTANDING GIFTS Angevine, Ernest. Six hundred and eighty-five topographic atlas sheets issued by the United States Geological Survey, and seven atlases of Boston and of Massachusetts. Bentley, Harry C. Sixty volumes on bookkeeping and accounting; and the sum of $220.38 to be expended for the purchase of certain designated early American v/orks on bookkeeping, to form the nucleus of "The Harry C. Bentley Collection of Books on Book- keeping." Boston City Messenger. Tercentenary of the founding of Boston: an account of the celebration marking the three hundredth anniversary of the settlement of the site of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. Compiled by direction of His Honor, James M. Curley, Mayor of Boston. Boston, 1931. 90 copies. British Museum, London. The Luttrell Psalter. Tw^o plates in colour and one hundred and eighty-three in monochrome, from the ad- ditional manuscript 42,130 in the British Museum, with an intro- duction by Eric George Millar. London, British Museum, 1932. Catalogue of drawings by Dutch and Flemish artists preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum, by Arthur M. Hind. Vol. 4 and 5. London, British Museum, 1930-1932. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, by Harold Mattingly. Vol. 2. London, British Museum, 1930. Castle, William R., Washington, D. C. Stars and Stripes. Vol. 1 , numbers 1 to 30. Published by the A.E.F. in France. Bulletin des armees de la republique. Numbers 1 to 276, August 1 5 , 1 9 1 4 to December 12.1917. Clark, William Andrews, Jr., Los Angeles. The library of William Andrews Clark, Jr. : Wilde and Wildeiana, collated and compiled by Robert Ernest Cowan and William Andrews Clark, Jr. Vols. 4 and 5. San Francisco, 1931. Coolidge, Mrs. Elizabeth Sprague, Pittsfield. Oeuvres completes de Jean Baptiste Lully, publiees sous la direction de Henry Prunieres: Les motets, tome 1 , Miserere Mei Deus ; Les ballets, tome 1 , Ballet du temps — ballets des plaisirs — ballet de I'amour malade. Paris, 1931.  Genoa. Mayor of, Genoa. Christopher Columbus: documents and proofs of his Genoese origin. PubHshed by the City of Genoa, Bergamo. 1932. English-German edition. Goodwin, Frances, Estate of. A miscellaneous collection of seven hun- dred and eighty-six volumes from the library of Frances Goodwin, including a set of the Harvard Classics, the Encyclopedia Ameri- cana, and an eight volume set of Shakespeare's plays. Great Britain Patent Office, London. Three hundred and ninety volumes of patents and specifications for inventions issued by the Great Britain Patent Office. Hart, Albert Bushnell. The commonwealth history of Massachusetts, edited by Albert Bushnell Hart. New York. States History Com- pany, 1927-1930. 5 vols. Hispanic Society of America, New York City. An archaeological sketch- book of the Roman Necropolis at Carmona, by George Edward Bonser. Translated from the French by Clara L. Penney. New York. The Society, 1931. The archaeological expedition along the Guadalquiver, I 880— 1901, by George Edward Bonser. Translated from the French by Clara L. Penney. New York. The Society, 1931. Pintores espaiioles en San Lorenzo el Real de El Escorial (1566-1613). Por el R. P. Fr. Julian Zarco Cuevas. O.S.A. New York. The Society, 1932. Pintores italianos en San Lorenzo el Real de El Escorial (1575— 1613). Por el R. P. Fr. Julian Zarco Cuevas, O.S.A. New York. The Society, 1932. Ten miscellaneous publications of the Society, issued in 1932. Sabatier, Mme. Paul, St. Michel de Chabrillanoux, France. Paul Sa- batier (1858—1928): Notes biographiques par Gabriel Maugain; bibliographie complete par Henri LeMaitre. Paris, Librarie Fisch- bacher, 1931. £tudes inedites sur S. Francois d' Assise, par Paul Sabatier, editees par Arnold Goffin. Paris, Librarie Fischbacher, 1932. Sheffield, Mrs. Amelia D., Providence. Sheffield, Daggett and allied f amiles : a genealogical study, with biographical notes, prepared and privately printed for Mrs. George St. John Sheffield, by the Ameri- can Historical Society, Inc., N. Y., 1932. The volume is bound in blue morocco, elaborately tooled, with many illustrations, in- cluding coats of arms and hand-painted initial letters. Storrow, Mrs. James J. A collection of 1 , 1 69 volumes, including 1 98 volumes on architecture and allied subjects, several hundred books in French, German and Italian, and about fifty volumes of children's books and modern English fiction and non-fiction. Son of New England: James Jackson Storrow. 1864-1926. By Henry Greenleaf Pearson. Boston, 1932.  Taylor, Myron C, New York City. John Underhill, Captain of New- England and New Netherland, by Henry C. Shelley, N. Y., D. Appleton and Company, 1932. Number 36 of 500 copies printed. The Underbills of Warwickshire: their ancestry from the thir- teenth century, in England, with special reference to Captain John Underhill of the Kenilworth Branch, afterwards of Massachusetts and Long Island: an essay in family history. By J. H. Morrison. Privately printed, Cambridge University Press, 1932. Thomson, John W., Pittsfield. A collection of two hundred and seventy-three volumes, including the "Reports of the exploration and survey of the most economical and practicable route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean" (26v.) ; "Docu- ments relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York" (21 v.) and several volumes on the care and training of horses. Underhill, Francis Jay, Brooklyn. Two hundred and seventeen volumes from the library of Francis Jay Underhill, including a forty-eight volume set of the works of Sir Walter Scott, bound by Clarke & Bedford, and several other volumes in fine bindings. Wendell, Mrs. Barrett. A collection of one hundred and forty-six volumes, including forty-four volumes of Boston City Documents, a I 7— volume set of "Elementi della storia de Sommi Pontefici da San Pietro", Rome, 1821 ; and a 1 3 -volume set of "I fasti della chiesa nelle vite de' Santi." Milan, 1824. Widener, Joseph., Philadelphia. French engravings of the eighteenth century in the collection of Joseph Widener, Lynnewood Hall. London, privately printed at the Chiswick Press, 1 923. Four folio volumes. Number 95 of 1 20 volumes printed for private circulation. LECTURES — CONCERTS A series of 1 20 free concerts, lectures, and entertainments was presented under the auspices of the Library in the Lecture Hall of the Central Library. Again the Library was privileged through the generosity of Mrs. Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge to include in its program a series of chamber concerts. These con- certs were given by the South Mountain String Quartet (of Pittsfield) on the afternoon and evening of January 24, and by the Pro Arte Quartet (of Brussels) on the afternoon and evening of May I . The afternoon concerts were held in the Mattapan Branch Library and the evening concerts in the Central Library.  PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS OF 1932 TTiere were held various exhibitions in the Exhibition Room, in the Treasure Room, and in the Children's Room of the Central Library. TRUST FUNDS. Artz Fund — Donation from Miss ViCTORiNE Thomas Artz, of Chi- cago: the income of this sum to be employed in the purchase of valuable, rare editions of the writings, either in verse or prose of American and foreign authors. These books are to be known as the "Longfellow Memorial Collection." Received in 1896. $10,000.00 Bates Fund — Donation made by JoSHUA Bates, of London, in March, 1853. "The income only of this fund is to be each and every year expended in the purchase of such books of permanent value and authority as may be found most needful and most useful." Payable to the Mayor of the City for the time being. $50,000.00 Charles H. L. N. Bernard Fund — Bequest of Charles H. L. N. Ber- nard. Received in 1930. $2,000.00 Bigelow Fund — Donation made by John P. BiGELOW in August, 1850, when Mayor of the city. The income from this fund is to be appropriated for the purchase of books for the increase of the library. $1,000.00 Robert Charles Billings Fund — Bequest of Robert Charles Bil- LINGS. "The sum to constitute a permanent fund for said library, to be called the Robert Charles Billings Fund, the income only to be used for the purpose of the purchase of books for said library." Re- ceived in 1903. $100,284.29 Bowditch Fund — Bequest of J. IngeRsoll Bowditch. Received in 1890. The whole income in each and every year to be expended in the purchase of books of permanent value and authority in mathematics and astronomy. $10,000.00 Bradlee Fund — Bequest of the Rev. CaleB Davis BraDLEE to the Boston Public Library. Received in 1897. $1,000.00 Joseph H. Center Fund — Bequest of JosEPH H. CENTER, the income thereof to be at all times applied to the purchase of books and other additions to the library. Received in 1905. $39,908.89  Children's Fund — Bequest of JosiAH H. Benton of $100,000, to be held as "The Children's Fund," and the income applied to the pur- chase of books for the use of the young, to be applied for those pur- poses only in years when the city appropriates for the maintenance of the Library at least three per cent of the amount available for department expenses from taxes and income in said city. In any year when the city does not thus appropriate at least three per cent of the amount available for department expenses from taxes and income in said City, the income given in said will for the purchase of books shall be paid to the Rector of Trinity Church in the City of Boston to be by him dispensed in relieving the necessities of the poor. $107,092.38 Clement Fund — Bequest of the late FRANK CLEMENT, of Newton, to be known as the "Frank Clement Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books. Received in 1915. $2,000.00 Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund — This is a contribution from the friends of Henry Sargent Codman, to be used to perpetuate the memory of Mr. Codman by the purchase of books upon land- scape gardening. It is the desire of the subscribers that a special book plate shall be inserted in each of the volumes purchased, identi- fying it as part of their memorial collection. Received in 1 898. $2,854.41 Cutter Fund — Bequest of Abram E. Cutter of four thousand dol- lars and his library of books, the income of the fund to be expended for the purchase of books, and for binding. Received in 1901. $4270.00 Elizabeth Fund — Bequest of Sarah A. Matchett, late of Brookline, who died October 6, 1910, the object of which is stated in the fol- lowing extract from her will: "I give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, twenty-five thousand dollars, to be called the Eliza- beth fund, to be received, held and securely invested, and only the net income therefrom expended every year in the purchase of such books of permanent value and authority as may be most useful in said Library." $25,000.00 Daniel Sharp Ford Fund — A bequest of Daniel Sharp Ford to the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be used for the purchase of books for the young until otherwise ordered by the Board. Re- ceived in 1900. $6,000.00 Franklin Club Fund — Donation made in June, 1 863, by a literary asso- ciation of young men in Boston, who, at the dissolution of the asso- ciation, authorized its trustees. Thomas Minns, John J. French and J. Franklin Reed, to dispose of the funds on hand in such maimer  as to them should seem judicious. They elected to bestow them on the PubHc Library, attaching thereto only the following conditions: "In trust, that the income, but the income only, shall, year by year, be expended in the purchase of books of permanent value, for the use of the free Public Library of the city, and as far as practicable of such a character as to be of special interest to young men." The trus- tees expressed a preference for books relative to government and political economy. $1,000.00 Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund — Bequest of Isabella StewarT Gardner. "To the Trustees of the Boston Public Library, for the BrowTi Musical Library, for a memorial to B. J. Lang." Received in 1924. $5,000.00 Morris Gest Fund — Donation made by Mr. Morris Gest in December 1925, the gross receipts from a benefit performance for the Library of "The Miracle", — $2,652.50, the income to be used in the in- terest of dramatic art. $2,652.50 Green Fund — Donations of Dr. Samuel A. Green of $2,000, the income of which is to be expended for the purchase of books relating to American history. Received in 1878 and 1884. $2,000.00 Charlotte Harris Fund — Bequest of CHARLOTTE HARRIS, late of Bos- ton, the object of which is stated in the following extract from her will: "I give to the Charlestown Public Library $10,000, to be invested on interest, which interest is to be applied to the purchase of books published before 1850. I also give to said Public Library my own private library and the portrait of my grandfather, Richard Devens," Bequests accepted by City Council, July 31, 1877. $10,000.00 Thomas B. Harris Fund — Bequest of Thomas B. Harris, late of Charlestown, for the benefit of the Charlestown Public Library. Received in 1884. $1,047.06 Alfred Hemenway Fund — Bequest of Alfred Hemenway. Received in 1928. $5,000.00 Hyde Fund — Bequest of Franklin P. Hyde of Boston, to be known as the "Franklin P. Hyde Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books and other library material. Received in 1915. $3,632.40 David P. Kimball Fund — Bequest of David P. Kimball. "I give to the Public Library of the City of Boston, the income to be used for the purchase of books, $10,000." Received in 1924. $10,039.65 148] Louis E. Kirstein Fund — Donations of $1,000 each made by Mr. Louis E. Kirstein, "to be used for any purpose of the Library that the Trustees see fit to put it to." October, 1925 October, 1926 . November, 1927 October, 1928 . October, 1929 . $1,000.00 1,000.00 1,000.00 1.000.00 1.000.00 $5,000.00 Arthur Mason Knapp Fund — Extract from the will of Katherine Knapp: "To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the sum of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), to be known as the Arthur Mason Knapp Fund, of which the income only shall be used for the purchase of books for said library. And I hereby request that such books be designated with an appropriate label or inscription, bearing the name of the Fund." Received in 1914. $10,000.00 Helen Lambert Fund — Bequest of Helen Lambert of Boston in memory of Frederic and Louise Lambert. Received in 1931. The income of this fund to be expended for the purchase of books and other library material until otherwise ordered by the Board. $1,051.00 Abbott Lawrence Fund — Bequest of AbbOTT Lawrence, of Boston. Received in 1860. The interest on this fund is to be exclusively appropriated for the purchase of books for the said library having a permanent value. $10,000.00 Edward Lawrence Fund — Bequest of Edward LawrenCE. of Charles- town. Received in 1 886. The following clause from his will explains its purpose: "To hold and apply the income and so much of the principal as they may choose, to the purchase of special books of reference to be kept and used only at the Charlestown branch of said Public Library." 500.00 Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund — Bequest of ELIZABETH Lewis, to be known as the Mrs. John A. Levns Fund: "I give and bequeath to the Bos- ton Public Library the sum of $5,000 as a fund, the income of which is to be used for the purchase of such old and rare books as shall be fitly selected to augment the collection known as the John A. Lewis Library." Received in 1903. $5,000.00 Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund — Donation from the family of Charles Greely Loring, the income of which is to be expended [49J for the purchase of books for the West End Branch. Received in 1896. $500.00 Charles Mead Fund — Bequest of ChARLEs MeAD, to constitute the Charles Mead PubHc Library Trust Fund for the promotion of the objects of the PubHc Library in such manner as the government of said library shall deem best, and so far as the government shall deem consistent with the objects of the library to be used for the benefit of the South Boston Branch Library. Received in 1896. $2,530.51 Gardner O. North Fund — Bequest of Gardner O. North. Received in 1928. $2,000.00 The Oakland Hall Trust Fund — By an interlocutory decree of the Probate Court for the County of Suffolk, the amount of $1 1 ,781 .44 was received, the same being one-half of the net amount received from the disposition of certain property held by the Trustees, under an indenture between Amor HoUingsworth, Sumner A. Burt and Amor L. HoUingsworth, all of Milton, Mass., and John H. Mc- Kendry, of Boston, Mass., entered into the sixth day of August, 1870, The above amount was accepted by the City, January 2, 1924, and the Trustees of the Public Library voted to invest the same under the name of "The Oakland Hall Trust Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books and other library material for the Mattapan Branch. $1 1 ,781 .44 John Boyle O'Reilly Fund — Donation received from the Papyrus Club to establish a fund in memory of John Boyle O'Reilly, late member of said club, the income of said fund to be devoted to the purchase of books for the Boston Public Library. Received in 1 897. $1,000.00 Phillips Fund — Donation made by Jonathan Phillips, of Boston, in April, 1853. The interest of this fund is to be used exclusively for the purchase of books for said library. $10,000.00 Also a bequest by the same gentleman in his will dated September 20, 1849. The interest on which is to be annually devoted to the maintenance of a free Public Library. $20,000.00 Both of these items are payable to the Mayor of the City for the time being. Pierce Fund — Donation made by Henry L. Pierce, Mayor of the City. November 29, 1873, and accepted by the City Council, De- cember 27. 1873. $5,000.00  Sarah E. Pratt Fund — Bequest from Sarah E. Pratt, late of Boston, under the 1 4th clause of her will, for the benefit of the Dorchester Branch, $500.00. Received in January, 1922. Distribution of residue of estate in May, 1924, $964.30. $1,494.18 Guilford Reed Fund — Bequest of Helen Leah Reed, as a memorial to Guilford S. Reed; the income to be applied to the purchase of books of non-fiction. $1,000.00 John Singer Sargent Fund — Balance remaining in hands of surviving trustees of fund originally raised to install in the Library decorations by John Singer Sargent; the income to be used for the care and preservation of the Sargent decorations, etc. $3,858.24 Scholfield Fund — Bequest of ARTHUR ScHOLFIELD, who died in New York, January 1 7, 1 883. The interest to be paid to certain heirs during their lives, and then to be used for the purchase of books of permanent value. The last heir, Joseph Scholfield, died November 1 8, 1 889, and by his wall bequeathed to the City of Boston the sum of $1 1,766.67, which represents the income of said fund received by him up to the time of his death, to which was added $33.33 accrued interest on deposit up to the time of investment, to be added to the fund given by his brother. $61,879.30 Sewall Fund — Extract from the will of RiCHARD Black SewalL: "Tenth. — I bequeath the following pecuniary legacies clear of lega- cy tax, namely. To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston $25,000 to be added to their funds and the income to be used for the purchase of books." Received in 1918. $25,000.00 Skinner Fund — Extract from the will of Francis Skinner : "Eleventh. — All my books and library I give and bequeath to my son, to be enjoyed by him during his life and after his death to be distributed as he shall appoint among such public libraries, as he shall judge fit, and in case he makes no such appointment then to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston. "Sixteenth. — All the rest and residue of my said property of what- ever kind, I give and bequeath to Augustus P. Loring and J. Lewis Stackpole in trust to pay the net income to my son Francis Skinner, Jr., during his life, or to apply the same to his maintenance and sup- port, or the maintenance and support of any issue of his, as they shall think best during his life ; and at his death to apply the income to the maintenance and support of his issue until his youngest child shall reach the age of 2 1 years and then to distribute said property among said issue, the issue of a deceased child to take the share a parent would have if living.  "If there shall be no issue surviving at the time of my son's death, then to turn the said property into cash and to divide it equally among the following legatees: The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the Museum of Fine Arts of Boston, Massa- chusetts, the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Medical School of Harvard University, and the Free Hospital for Women, Brook- line, Massachusetts." Received in 1914. $51,732.14 South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund — Donation of a citizen of South Boston, the income of which is to be exjjended for the benefit of the South Boston Branch Library. Received in 1 879. $100.00 Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund — Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Stew- art of $3,500 to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library. The Trustees voted under date of June 29, 1923, that the income be applied to the purchase of books and other library material. $3,500.00 James Jackson Storrow (Harvard '57) Fund — Gift of Helen Storrow and Elizabeth Randolph Storrow as a memorial to James Jackson Storrow, Senior ; income to be used for the purchase of Italian books. $25,000.00 Patrick F. Sullivan Bequest — Extract from will: "I give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library the sum of five thous- and dollars, the principal or income of said sum to be expended by them for the purchase of Catholic standard books, said books to be approved by the Archbishop of the diocese of Boston, Mass., or by the President of the Trustees of Boston College, in Boston, Mass." Received in 1908. This bequest, together with interest amounting to $339.61 , has been expended for books. Ticknor Bequest — By the will of George Ticknor, of Boston, he gave to the City of Boston, on the death of his wife, all his books and manuscripts in the Spanish and Portuguese languages, about four thousand volumes, and also the sum of four thousand dollars. After the receipt of said sums the city is required to spend not less than one thousand dollars in every five years during the twenty-five years next succeeding (i.e., the income of four thousand dollars, at the rate of five per cent per annum) in the purchase of books in the Spanish and Portuguese languages and literature. At the end of twenty-five years the income of said sum to be expended annually in the purchase of books of permanent value, either in the Spanish or  Portuguese languages, or in such other languages as may be deemed expedient by those having charge of the library. The books be- queathed or purchased are always to be freely accessible for refer- ence or study, but are not to be loaned for use outside of the library building. If these bequests are not accepted by the city, and the trusts and conditions faithfully executed, the books, manuscripts and money are to be given to the President and Fellows of Harvard College. In order that the city might receive the immediate benefit of this contribution, Anna Ticknor, widow of the donor, relinquished her right to retain during her life the books and manuscripts, and placed them under the control of the city, the City Council having previously accepted the bequests in accordance with the terms and conditions of said will, and the Trustees of the Public Library re- ceived said bequests on behalf of the city, and made suitable ar- rangements for the care and custody of the books and manuscripts. Received in 1871. $4,000.00 William C. Todd Newspaper Fund — Donation by WiLLIAM C. ToDD, accepted by order of the City Council, approved October 30, 1 897, the income to be at least two thousand dollars a year, to be expend- ed by the Library Trustees for newspapers of this and other countries. $50,000.00 Townsend Fund — Donation from William Minot and William Minot, Jr., executors of the will of Mary P. ToWNSEND, of Boston, at whose disposal she left a certain portion of her estate in trust for such charitable and public institutions as they might think meritorious. Said executors accordingly selected the Public Library of the City of Boston as one of such institutions, and attached the following con- ditions to the legacy: "The income only shall, in each and every year, be expended in the purchase of books for the use of the library ; each of which books shall have been published in some one edition at least five years at the time it may be so purchased." Received in 1879. $4,000.00 Treadwell Fund — By the will of the late Daniel TreaDWELL, of Cambridge, late Rumford Professor in Harvard College, who died February 27, 1872, he left the residue of his estate, after payment of debts, legacies, etc., in trust to his executors, to hold during the life of his wife for her benefit, and after her decease to divide the residue then remaining in the hands of the Trustees, as therein pro- vided, and convey one-fifth part thereof to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston. By order of the City Council, approved May 17, 1 872, said beuqest was accepted and the Trustees of the Public Library authorized to receive the same and invest it in the City of Boston Bonds, income  of which is to be expended by said Trustees in such manner as they may deem for the best interests of the Library. $13,987.69 Tufts Fund — Bequest of Nathan A. TuFTS, of Charlestown, to be known as the "Nathan A. Tufts Fund," the income to be applied at all times to the purchase of books and other additions to the library to be placed in the Charlestown Branch. Received in 1 906. $10,195.43 Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund — Donation on account of the Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund, the income to be used for the purchase of books of a military and patriotic character, to be placed in the alcove appropriated as a memorial to the Twentieth Regiment. Received in 1 897. $5,000.00 Horace G. Wadlin Fund — Bequest of HoRACE G. WadliN, of Reading, former Librarian, who died November 5, 1925, of $2,000 to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston to be permanently funded and the income thereof used for the purchase of books. Received in 1 932. $2,030.51 Wales Fund — Extract from the will of GeoRGE C. WaleS: "After the foregoing bequests I direct that the sum of five thousand dollars be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the same to be held, managed and invested by them, so as to produce an income, and the said income to be applied to the pur- chase of such books for said Library as they may deem best." Re- ceived in 1918. $5,000.00 Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund. — Bequest of MehiTABLE C. C. Wil- SON, the income to be expended for the purchase of books for the Boston Public Library. Received in 1 9 1 3. $1,000.00 Whitney Funds — Bequests of James Lyman Whitney, who died Sep- tember 25. 1910. Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund — The twelfth clause of his will di- rected that: One-tenth of said remaining income of the principal fund, I direct to be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be held and accumulated by said Trustees and permanently invested and re-invested. The first five thousand dollars of income so accumulated, including the income thereon arising during the period of accumulation. I request to be funded in the name of my sister, Alice Lincoln Whitney, and the income of said fund after its accumulation or so much of said income as may be re- quired, to be paid to such employees of the said Library, who are sick and in need of help, as the Trustees may in their discretion deem most worthy (there are often such cases). Any amount of income  from said accumulated fund not needed for the purpose just men- tioned shall be used for the purchase of books and manuscripts. $5,000.00 James Lyman Whitney Fund — The Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund having been established, all amounts of income of the principal fund paid to said Trustees, after the accumulation of said fund of five thousand dollars shall be held as the James Lyman Whitney Fund, and invested and re-invested and the income used in equal shares, one share for the purchase of rare and expensive books, and one share for the purchase and care of manuscripts; one half at least of the share devoted to manuscripts to be expended for their cataloguing and proper care. $22,416.05 In addition to the above Mr. Whitney created a trust, directing that of the net income seven hundred dollars a year be paid to the Trus- tees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be expended on bibliographic work for the benefit of the Library. Central Library Building Fund — Donations in response to an appeal by the Trustees in April. 1925, setting forth the needs of the Library, from : Percy Lee Atherton William York Peters John T. Spaulding $ 25.00 25.00 100.00 $150.00 Donations — Besides the preceding, the following donations have been made to the Public Library, and the amounts have been appro- priated for the purchase of books, according to the intention of the donors, viz.: $6,800.00 220.38 6.800.00 200.00 500.00 980.75 Samuel Appleton, late of Boston H. C. Bentley . J. Ingersoll Bowditch . Nathaniel L Bowditch . James Brown, late of Cambridge Andrew Carnegie Dorchester and Milton Circulating Library, for benefit of the Dorchester Branch Library Sally Inman Kast Shepard . James Nightingale .... the 335.13 1 ,000.00 100.00 $11,136.26  RECAPITULATION OF PUBLIC LIBRARY TRUST FUNDS. Arfz Fund $ 10,000.00 Bates Fund 50.000.00 Charles H. L. N. Bernard Fund 2.000.00 Bigelow Fund 1.000.00 Robert Charles Billings Fund 1 00.28429 Bowditch Fund 10.000.00 Bradlee Fund 1.000.00 Joseph H. Center Fund 39.908.89 Central Library Building Fund 150.00 Children's Fund 107.092.38 Clement Fund 2,000.00 Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund 2,854.41 Cutter Fund . 4.270.00 Elizabeth Fund 25,000.00 Daniel Sharp Ford Fund 6.000.00 Franklin Club Fund 1.000.00 Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund 5.000.00 Morris Gest Fund 2,652.50 Green Fund 2,000.00 Charlotte Harris Fund 10.000.00 Thomas B. Harris Fund 1.047.06 Alfred Hemenway Fund 5.000.00 Hyde Fund 3,632.40 David P. Kimball Fund 10.039.65 Louis E. Kirstein Fund 5,000.00 Arthur Mason Knapp Fund 10.000.00 Helen Lambert Fund 1.051.00 Abbott Lawrence Fund 10.000.00 Edward Lawrence Fund 500.00 Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund 5,000.00 Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund ...... 500.00 Charles Mead Fund 2.530.51 Gardner O. North Fund 2.000.00 The Oakland Hall Trust Fund 11,781.44 John Boyle O'Reilly Fund 1.000.00 Phillips Fund 30.000.00 Pierce Fund 5.000.00 Sarah E. Pratt Fund 1.494.18 Guilford Reed Fund . 1.000.00 John Singer Sargent Fund ......... 3.858J24 Scholfield Fund 61.87930 Sewall Fund 25.000.00 Skinner Fund 51,732.14 South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund ...... 100.00 Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund 3.500.00 James Jackson Storrow (Harvard '57) Fund ...... 25.000.00 Ticknor Fund 4.000.00 William C. Todd Newspaper Fund 50.000.00 Townsend Fund 4.000.00 Treadwell Fund 13.987.69 Nathan A. Tufts Fund 10.195.43 Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund ....... 5.000.00 Horace G. Wadlin Fund 2,030.51 Wales Fund 5.000.00 Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund 5.000.00 James Lyman Whitney Fund ........ 22,416.05 Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund 1.000.00 $782,488.07  OFFICERS OF THE LIBRARY Director, Milton E. Lord Assistant Librarian, Emeritus, Frank C. Blaisdell Assistant Librarian, Emeritus, Otto Fleischner Assistant Librarian, Theodore D. Money Assistant to the Director, Richard G. Hensley Bates Hall Centre Desk, Newspaper and Patent Department: Pierce E. Buckley, Chief. Bates Hall Reference Department: Harry W. Mathews, Assistant in Charge. Bindery Department: James W. Kenney, Chief. Branch Department: Edith Guerrier, Supervisor of Branches. Catalogue Department: Samuel A. Chevalier, Chief. Children's Department: Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor of Work with Children. Editor: Zoltan Haraszti. Engineer and Janitor Department: William F. Quinn, Supt. of Buildings. Information Office: John H. Reardon, Assistant in Charge. Issue Department: Thomas F. Brennan, Chief. Library Training Class: Bertha V. Hartzell, Supervisor. Ordering Department: Louis Felix Ranlett, Chief. Periodical Room: Francis J. Hannigan, Assistant in Charge. Printing Department: Francis Watts Lee, Chief. Registration Department: A. Frances Rogers, Chief. Special Libraries Department : George S. Maynard, Chief. Statistical Department: Margaret C. Lappen, Assistant in Charge. Stock Room: Timothy J. Mackin, Custodian. Branch Librarians: Allston, Katherine F. Muldoon. Andrew Square, Elizabeth H. McShane. Boylston, Margaret A. Calnan. Brighton, Katrina M. Sather. Business Branch, Mary W. Dietrichson. Charlestown, Katherine S. Rogan. City Point, Helen L. Morrisey. Codman Square, Elizabeth P. Ross. Dorchester, Marion C. Kingman. East Boston, Theodora B. Scoff. Faneuil, Gertrude L. Connell. Fellowes Athenaeum, Mary E. Ames.  Hyde Park, Sara A. Lyon. Jamaica Plain, Katie F. Albert. Jeffries Point, Mary U. Nichols, Assistant in Charge. Kirstein, Grace C. Brady. Lower Mills, Isabel E. Wetherald. Mattapan, Ada Aserkoff. Memorial, Beatrice M. Flanagan. Mount Bowdoin, Pearl B. Smart. Mount Pleasant, Margaret M. Reid. Neponset, Margaret 1. McGovern. North End, Mary F. Curley. Orient Heights, Catherine E. Flannery. Parker Hill, Mary M. Sullivan. Roslindale, Annie M. Donovan. Roxbury Crossing, Edith R. Nickerson. South Boston, M. Florence Cufflin. South End, Clara L. Maxwell. Tyler Street, Caroline Keene, Acting Librarian. Uphams Corner, Beatrice Maguire. West End, Fanny Goldstein. West Roxbury, Carrie L. Morse. BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 9999 06314 672 2 »«*i'« x::%im'