EIGHTY-FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT
CITY OF BOSTON
PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES
THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON: PRIHTIN8 DEPARTMENT.
TRUSTEES OE THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
LOUIS E. KIRSTEIN, President
Term expires April 30, 1939
Term expires April 30, 1938
FRANK W. BUXTON
Term expires April 30, 1940
JOHN L. HALL ROBERT H. LORD
Term expires April 30, 1941 Term expires April 30, 1937
MILTON E. LORD
Director, and Librarian
ORGANIZATION OF THE LIBRARY DEPARTMENT.
TTie Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, organized in 1852, are
now incorporated under the provisions of Chapter 114 of the Acts of 1878, as
amended. TTie Board for 1852 was a preliminary organization; that for 1853 made
the first annual report. The Board at present consists of five citizens at large, ap-
pointed by the Mayor for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring each year.
The following citizens at large have been members of the Board since its organization
Abbott, Gordon, A.B., 1926-1931. Hall, John Loomer, A.B., LL.B., 1931-
Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, A.M., Haynes, Henry Williamson, A.M.,
Appleton, Thomas Gold, A.M., 1852-56. Hilliard, George Stillman, LL.D.,
Benton, Josiah Henry, LL.D., 1894-1917. 1872-75; 1876-77.
Bigelow, John Prescott, A.M., 1852-68. Kenney, William Francis, A.M.,
Bowdifch, Henry Inger8oIl,M.D.. 1865-67. 1908-1921.
Bowditch, Henry Pickering, MJ)., Kirstein, Louis Edward, A.M., 1919-
1894-1902. Lewis. Weston. 1868-79.
Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902-12. Lewis, Winslow, M.D., 1867.
Braman, Jarvis Dwight. 1869-72. Lincoln, Solomon, a.m., 1897-1907.
Brett, John Andrew.^L.B., 1912-16. Mann. Alexander, DJ).. 1908-1923.
Buxton. Frank W.. A.B.. 1928- Morton. Ellis Wesley, 1870-73.
Carr. Samuel, 1895-96, 1908-22. Murray Michael Joseph, LL.B., 1921-26.
Chase, George Bigelow, A.M., 1876-85. O'Connell, William Cardinal, 1932-36.
Clarke, James Freeman, D.D., 1879-88. Pierce, Phineas, 188&-94.
Coakley, Daniel Henry, 1917-19. Prince, Frederick Octavius, A.M., 1888-99.
Connolly, Arthur Theodore, 1916-1932. Putnam, George, D.D., 1868-77.
Currier, Guy Wilbur, 1922-1930. Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95.
Curtis, Daniel Sargent, A.M., 1873-75. Sedgwick, Ellery, a.b., litt.d., 1930-
De Normandie, James, D.D., 1895-1908. Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstrcet, LL.D.,
Dwight, Thomas. M.D., 1899-1908. 1852-68
Dwinnell, Clifton Howard, B.S., 1927-28. Thomas, .Benjamin Franklin, LL.D.,
Everett, Edward, LL.D.. 1852-64. 1877-78.
Frothingham, Richard. LL.D.. 1875-79. Ticknor, George, LL.D., 1852-66.
Gaston. William Alexander, LL.B., Walker, Francis Amasa. LL.D., 1896.
1923-27. Whipple, Edwin Percy, A.M., 1868-70.
Green Samuel Abbott, M.D., 1868-78. Whitmore, William Henry, A.M., 1885-88.
Greenough. WilUam Whitwell, 1856-88. Winsor. Justin, LL.D., 1867-63.
The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board from 1852 to 1864;
George Ticknor, in 1865; William W. Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888;
Prof Henry W. Haynes, from May 7, 1888 to May 12. 1888; Samuel A. B. Ab-
bott. May 12, 1888 to April 30. 1895; Hon. F. O. Prince, October 8, 1895 to May
8, 1899; Solomon Lincoln, May 12, 1899 to October 15, 1907; Rev. James De
Normandie, January 31, 1908 to May 8, 1908; Josiah H. Benton, May 8, 1908 to
February 6, 1917; William F. Kenney, February 13, 1917 to May 7. 1920; Rev.
Alexander Mann, May 7, 1920 to January 22, 1923; Msgr. Arthur T. Connolly.
April 13 1923 io June 13. 1924; Louis E. Kirstein. June 13, 1924 to June 19, 1925;
Hon. Michael J. Murray. June 19, 1925 to July 2, 1926; Guy W. Currier. July 2.
1926 to May 2, 1927; Msgr. Arthur T. Connolly, May 2, 1927 to June 22, 1928;
Louis E. Kirstein, June 22, 1928 to June 21. 1929; Gordon Abbott. June 21, 1929
to June 20, 1930; Frank W. Buxton, June 20. 1930 to May 15. 1931; Louis E.
Kirstein May 15, 1931 to May 20, 1932; Ellery Sedgwick, May 20, 1932 to May
5 1933- John L Hall, May 5, 1933 to May 18, 1934; William Cardinal O'Connell
May. 18, 1934 to May 6, 1935; Frank W. Buxton, May 6. 1935 to May 6, 1936;
Louis E. Kirstein since May 6, 1936.
(From I85S to 1877, the chief executive officer v/as called Superintendent; from
!877 to 1923 Librarian; from 1923 to 1934 Director; since 1934 Director
Capen, Edv/ard, Librarian, May 13, 1 852-December 16, 1874.
Jewett, Charles C, Superinlendent, 1858-January 9, 1868.
WlN'.SOR, Justin, LL.D., Superintendent, February 25, 1868-September 30, 1877.
Green, .Samuel A., M.D., Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 1877-September
Chamberlain, Mellcn, LL.D., Librarian, October I, 1 878-September 30, 1890.
DwicHT, Theodore F., Librarian, April 13, 1892- April 30, 1894.
Putnam, Herbert, ll.d.. Librarian, February 11, 1895-April 3, 1899.
Whitney, J.\MES L., a.m.. Acting Librarian, March 31 1899-December 21 1899;
Librarian, December 22, 1899-January 31, 1903.
Wadlin, Hor,\CE G., LiTT.D., Librarian, February 1, 1903-March 15, 1917; Acting
Librarian, March 15, 1917-June 15, 1917.
Belden, Charles F. D., a.m., LL.b., litt.D., Director, March 15, 1917-October
Lord, Milton E., A.B., D'reclor and Librarian, since February 1, 1932.
LIBRARY SYSTEM, JANUARY 1, 1936
May 2. 1854
''Central Libreury, Copley Square .
*East Boston Branch, 276-282 Meridian St.
§Soufh Boston Branch, 372 West Broadway .
llFeliowes Athenaum Bremch, 46 Millmont St.
*Charlestown Branch, 43 Monument Square
'Brighton Branch, 40 Academy Hill Road ,
JDorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adam* St.
fLower Mills Branch, 1110 Washington, cor. Richmond St
JSouth End Branch, 65 West Brookline St
tjamaica Plain Branch, 12 Sedgwick, cor. South St
IRoslindale Branch, 4210 Washington St.
*West Roxbury Branch. 1961 Centre St.
*Mattapan Branch, 8-10 Hazleton St. .
*North End Branch, 3a North Bennet St.
§Neponset Branch, 362 Neponset Ave.
§Mt. Bowdoin Branch, 275 Washington St.
§Allston Branch, 161 Harvard Ave. .
IjlCodman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Nor
|Ml. Pleasant Branch, 335 Dudley, cor Vine St.
:j:Tyler Street Branch, 130 Tyler, cor. Oak St.
*West End Branch. 131 Cambridge St.
JUpham's Comer Branch. 500 Columbia Rd.
^Memorial Branch, cor. Warren and Townsend Sts.
§Roxbury Crossing Branch. 208 Ruggles. cor Tremont St.
*Boylston Branch, 433 Centre St
§Orient Heights Branch, 5 Butler Ave.
JCity Point Branch, Municipal Bldg.. Broadway .
*Parker Hill Branch, 1497 Tremont St. . . .
*Hyde Park Branch, 35 Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St.
*Faneuil Branch, 419 Faneuil St
§ Andrew Square Branch. 394 Dorchester St.
»Jeffrie« Point Branch. 222 Webster St. . . .
• Baker Library. Heirvzwd Graduate School of Business Administration Jan.
*Kirstein Memorial Library Building: 20 City Hall Ave. . . May
Business Branch, first and second floors;
Kirstein Branch, third floor.
§Phillips Broob Branch. 12 Hamilton St.. Readville . . . May 18. 1931
^In the case of the Central Library and some of the branches the opening was in a
different location from that nov/ occupied. *In building owned by City and
controlled by Library Board, fin building owned by City, and exclusively devoted
to library uses. Jin City building, in part devoted to other municipal uses. §Occupie«
rented rooms. ||The lessee of the Fellowes Athenaeum, a private library association.
• Under agreement with Harvard.
Report of the Trustees
Balance Sheet ....
Report of the EuXamining Committee
Report of the Director
To His Honor Frederick W. Mansfield,
Ma^or of the Cii^ of Boston.
The Trustees of the PubHc Library of the City of Boston
present the following report of its condition and affairs for the
year ending December 31,1 936, being the eighty-Rf th annual
ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD
The Corporation organized at the annual meeting on May 6,
1 936 with the election of Mr. Louis E. Kirstein as President,
Mr. Ellery Sedgwick as Vice President, and Miss Elizabeth B.
Brockunier as Clerk.
Mr. John L. Hall, whose term as Trustee expired on April
30, was re-appointed for the term ending April 30, 1941 .
On May 15 His Eminence William Cardinal O'Connell re-
signed as Trustee because of the pressure of other duties. The
following minute upon his service as a Trustee of the Library
was adopted by the Trustees and ordered spread upon their
As a Trustee of this Board from November 8, 1 932 to May 15,1 936
His Eminence William Cardinal O'Connell served his city unselfishly
and well, dignified municipal administration, and set an example for
other distinguished citizens. The Library and the community are per-
manent beneficiaries of his efforts. He gave the most conscientious care
to all the tasks of the office, and his decisions were invariably sound.
Especially as President and Vice President for two years he exercised
those qualties of mind and heart which have characterized his career as a
Churchman. In those informal meetings which preceded and followed
the formal sessions during his tenure, he was a delightful companion.
The Board of Trustees and the individual members wish to express
hereby, on the eve of his seventy-seventh birthday, their deep respect for
him, their appreciation of his services, and their abiding affection.
The Reverend Robert H. Lord was appointed to serve for
the remainder of His Eminence's term as a Trustee, ending on
April 30, 1937.
The estimates submitted on November 1 , 1 935 for the main-
tenance of the Library during the year 1 936 were later amended
and reduced. These estimates were as follows:
A. — Personal service
B. — Service other than personal
C. — Equipment .
D. — Supplies
E. — Materials
F. — Special items
H. — Emergency relief projects
RECEIPTS OF THE LIBRARY
The receipts which ma}'^ be expended by the Trustees for the
maintenance of the Library consist of the annual appropriation
by the Mayor and City Council, and the income from Trust
Funds given to the institution and invested by the City Treasurer.
During the year 1 936 these receipts were :
Annual appropriation .......
Income from trust funds .......
Unexpended balance of trust funds income of previous years
Unexpended balance of special appropriations of previous years
Unexpended balance of deposits in London of previous years
Receipts which were accounted for and paid into the City
Treasury for general municipal purposes during the year were
From fines .....
From sales of waste paper .
From sales of catalogs, etc. .
From commission on telephone stations
From payments for lost books .
Refunds, fees, etc. ....
EXPENDITURES OF THE LIBRARY
The total amount expended during 1936 was $1 ,249,953.92.
This was divided as follows:
From city appropriation ......... $1,181,497.37
From deposits in London .
From special appropriations
From the income of trust funds
ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY
The number of volumes added to the Library during the year
was 54,620, obtained chiefly by purchase, but in some part by
gift and exchange. The total number of volumes in the Library
at the close of the year was 1 ,693,335.
The total amount expended for books, periodicals, news-
papers, photographs, and other library material from the city
appropriation and from the trust funds income was $111 ,945.72.
USE OF THE LIBRARY
The home use of books for the year was 4,806,737. The use
of library material within the Library's premises for reference
and study is for the most part unrestricted, and it is therefore im-
practicable to record it.
In addition to the above noted use of the Central Library and
the thirty-four Branch Libraries, deposits of books were made
available to 231 agencies, including engine houses, institutions,
COMPARATIVE STATISTICS. 1935 AND 1936
A comparison of certain statistics for 1 936 with those for 1 935
is noted below :
Total expenditures: city appropriation
and trust funds income . . $1,189,553.34 . . . $1,249,953.92
Expended for books and other library
material from city appropriation
and trust funds income . . 123.023.62 . . . 119.945.72
Number of volumes added . . 74,623 . . . 54.620
Total number of volumes in the Library 1 .682,848 ... 1 ,693.335
Borrowed for home use . . . 4,947.701 . . . 4.806.737
Number of card holders . . . 179,064 . . . 176,982
The effects of the economic depression have been more di-
rectly noticeable in the appropriations for the purchase of books
than in any other single item of the Library's budget. The
amounts appropriated for this purpose during the last ten years
are given below for comparative purposes:
The trend of the last four years has been markedly accentu-
ated in 1936 by the smallest appropriation over a long period of
years considerably antedating the decade noted above.
With minor exceptions the funds appropriated by the City for
the purchase of books are not used for meeting the book needs
of the Central Library ; the income from trust funds given for the
purpose cares for these. Instead the city appropriation is de-
voted almost exclusively to the purchase of books for the branch
libraries, for the use of the citizens of Boston in their respective
sections of the city. It is therefore upon the direct popular pub-
lic service of the Library in its branch libraries that heavy re-
ductions in book funds fall.
So limited an appropriation as that of $55,000 for 1936 has
meant that during the year the branch libraries have not been
able to buy even enough books to replace those which were being
worn out. In other words their book collections fell behind in
this one year by a total of 9,091 volumes, just as in 1935 they
fell behind by 5,335 volumes; whereas before the depression
there was every year an average annual gain of some 20,000
BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT
In the Central Library the end of the year 1936 found the
crov/ding of the building appreciably greater than a year earlier.
Shelving space had had to be found in the course of the year for
a growth in the book collections of some 20,000 volumes, most
of which were purchased from the income of trust funds. These
volumes placed side by side required an additional half mile of
shelving space. They represented only the ordinary annual
growth of the book collections of the Central Library.
It is increasingly clear that the Central Library building is be-
coming filled to capacity, particularly in the book stack. Con-
tinued study of the situation during the past year has revealed
that immediate relief is only to be obtained through a reallocation
of departmental space. This cannot be effected, however, un-
less some units now housed in the building are moved to quarters
outside. In the budget estimates for 1937 there has therefore
been included a sm.all item to provide for the rental of outside
quarters for certain library activities whose nature is such that
they can be carried on elsewhere without undue detriment to the
service of the Library.
Relief from overcrowding is a first requirement for the effect-
ing of many needed improvements in the facilities of the public
departments and in the working conditions and quarters of the
library staff. Both are of prime importance to the services ren-
dered by the Library to its readers.
FEDERAL EMERGENCY RELIEF PROJECTS CARRIED ON
UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE LIBRARY
Under the auspices of the Federal Works Progress Adminis-
tration there was continued during the year the long range pro-
gram of activities preparatory to effecting a reclassification of the
scholarly book collections of the Central Library on a modern
classification scheme such as that of the Library of Congress.
There was also continued the project for the cleaning of books
throughout the entire library system.
Several hundred individuals have been employed, their wages
being provided by the Federal Government, and special provision
for incidental expenses being made by the City.
The Library received many important gifts of books and
other library material during the year. A list of the principal
gifts is to be found in the Appendix on pages 45—47.
The following payments for the trust funds of the Library
were received during the year:
Francis A. Morse Library Fund — Bequest of Francis A. Morse, of
West Roxbury, of $1000, of which the interest only is to be ex-
pended annually for the purchase of books for the West Roxbury
Branch Library suitable for children of school age;
Heloise E. Hersey Fund — Bequest of Heloise E. Hersey, of Bos-
ton, in the amount of $3542, of which the interest is to be expended
for the purchase of books, preferably those of recent issue that have
real literary value;
Horace G. Wadlin Fund — Bequest under the will of Ella F. Wad-
lin, in the amount of $1725.84, to be added to the Horace G.
Wadlin Fund, and the income used for the purchase of books.
In addition to the above there were received during the year
first and second payments in part satisfaction of the interests of the
Trustees of the Public Library under the v^ill of Josiah H. Ben-
ton. It is expected that the final settlement of the estate can be
made in the course of the coming year, and that thereafter there
can be made available for use the income of the Benton Build-
ing Fund and of the Benton Book Fund.
The Trustees welcome bequests of money and hope that gener-
ous testators may remember the Library. It is from such sources
only that they can make purchases of rare and other important
books that give value and prestige to a great educational insti-
tution such as the Library has become.
As a matter of interest to the public the Board has pleasure in
listing the present trust funds of the Library, with explanatory
notes. The list will be found on pages 47-58.
The Trustees gratefully acknowledge the assistance given by
the Examining Committee for 1936. Its membership included
the following individuals:
Mr. Philip R. Allen Mr. Charles D. Maginnis
Mr- George Bramwell Baker Mrs. Bertha Mahony Miller
Mr. Walter B. Briggs Mr. George R. Nutter
Mr. Patrick T. Campbell Mrs. Elizabeth W. Perkins
Mrs. William H. Dewart Hon. John F. Perkins
Mr. Carl Dreyfus Mrs. Edward M. Pickman
Mr. George Harold Edgell Hon. Abraham E. Pinanski
Dr. Albert Ehrenfried Mr. Philip H. Rhinelander
Miss Susan J. Ginn Mr. Charles M. Rogerson
Mr. Chester Noyes Greenough Mr. Harlow Shapley
Mr. M. A. De Wolfe Howe Mrs. Arthur A. Shurcliff
Dr. Henry Jackson Mrs. Francis E. Slattery
Mr. Herbert F. Jenkins Mr. Charles H. Taylor
Mr. Henry Lewis Johnson Dr. Henry R. Viets
Mrs. Frederick Winslow
It is gratifying to have the generous and helpful assistance of
citizens who render such service. Special attention is called to
the constructive report of the Committee as it appears on pages
14-22 immediately following.
Attention is called to the report of the Director of the Li-
brary as found on pages 23-36 below. It presents the important
needs and developments of the Library during the past year.
The Trustees wish to express here their appreciation of the
efforts of the library staff throughout the year to meet the needs
of the public.
Frank W. Buxton
John L. Hall
Louis E. Kirstein
Robert H. Lord
BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND
Central Library and Br.\nches:
To Expenditures For:
Permanent and probationary employees (ex-
clusive of Printing and Binding Department
Sunday and evening, extra and temporary em-
To Service Other Than Personal
Printing and binding
Transportation of persons
Cartage and freight
Light and power
Rent, taxes and wafer
Surety, bond and insurance
Removal of ashes
Stenographic, copying and ind
Photographic and blueprinting
To Expenditures for Equipment:
Motoriess vehicles .
Furniture and fittings
Trust funds income
7 rust funds income
Trust funds income
Trust funds income
Trust funds income
Tools and instruments
EXPENSES, DECEMBER, 31, 1936
By City AppROPRiATiON 1936 . . . . $1,197,866.00
By Income From Trust Funds .... 25,030.57
By Income From James L. "Whitney Biblio-
graphic Account 700.00 $1,223,596.57
Carried forivarJ ...... $1,223,596.57
BALANCE SHEET. RECEIPTS AND
Brought foTioard . $1,043,926.22
To Expenditures for Supplies:
Forage and animal ....... 4.40
Medical . 46.98
Laundry, cleaning, toilet ...... 2,345.75
Educational and recreational . . . . 5.60
Agricultural ........ 212.25
Chemicals and disinfectants ..... 72.05
General plant 2,956.59
To Expenditures for Material:
General plant 2,327.51 9.208.97
To W. p. A. Library project .... 64,840.23
To Special Items:
J. L. Whitney Bibliographic account . . . 688.00
Louis E. Kirstein Fund, for cataloging . . . 586.07
A. L. V/hitney Fund, for sick benefits . . . 642.00 1,948.07
To Binding Department:
Transportation of persons ..... .10
Equipment ........ 38.43
Supplies ......... 6.50
Machinery material ...... 3.62
Electrical material ....... 1 .72
Outside work 7.60 67,431.42
To Printing Department:
Communication ....... 1 .23
Equipment ........ 526.53
Outside work ........ 13.25
Miscellaneous services ...... 26.54
Machinery material 29.18 19.154.90
To Special Appropriation:
Fiveprooflng, improvements, etc. .... 5,555.96
Branch Libraries, establishment of . . . 1 ,597.40
Central Library Building, foundation im-
provements, etc. ...... 2,441.38
Judaica Bookshelf 6.83 9,601.57
Carried lor^ard $1,249,960.75
EXPENSES, DECEMBER, 31. 1936
Brought forward ^ . $1,223,596.57
By Balances Brought Forward From 1935:
Trust funds income, City Treasury .... $70,088.85
Trust funds income on deposit in London . . . 565.61
City appropriation on deposit m London ... 1 08.72
James L. Whitney Bibliographic account . . . 2,548.73
Central Library Building, Fireproofing, Im-
provements, etc. . . . . . . 11 ,657.40
Central Library Building, Foundations, Im-
provements, etc. 19,747.96
Branch Libraries, Establishment of . . . . 1,597.70
H. C. Bentley Gift 220.38
Judaica Bookshelf 166.00 106,701.35
BALANCE SHEET. RECEIPTS AND
To Amount Paid Into City Treasury:
Sales of catalogues, bulletins .
Commission on telephone stations
Payments for lost books
Refunds, fees, etc.
Sales of waste paper
To Balance, December 31, 1936:
Trust funds Income on deposit in London
City appropriation on deposit in London
Trust Funds Income, City Treasury
James L. Whitney Biblioraphic account
H. C. Bentley Gift
Judaica Bookshelf ......
To Balance Unexpended, December 31, 1936:
General appropriation .....
Central Library Building, Fireproofing .
EXPENSES, DECEMBER, 31, 1936
Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists
Commission on telephone stations
Payments for lost books
Refunds, fees, etc. .
Sales of waste paper
REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE
To The Trustees of the Public Library
OF THE City of Boston.
The Examining Committee for the year 1936 respectfully
submits this report
The Committee met for organization in June. At that meet-
ing the work of the Committee was planned and outlined and
immediately thereafter the Sub-Committees were appointed. The
reports of the Sub-Committees were submitted in November. As
the complete reports of the various Sub-Committees are on file
with the Library this report will be confined to the matters which
we believe to be of the most importance.
The Committee wishes to express its appreciation of the hearty
co-operation of the Director and the staff of the Library, both
the Central Library and all of the Branches. If our report seems
largely suggestion and criticism it is not that we have overlooked
the excellent work which is being quietly and effectively carried
on but that our space is limited,
The acquisition and possession of books available for use by
the public is the primary purpose for which the Library is main-
tained. We are increasingly alarmed by the continued depletion
of the books of the Library by small appropriations for the pur-
chase of books and by the continued loss of books by theft. In
addition to what has been said by the Examining Committees of
the last few years we feel that it is imperative that we should point
out the extent of the damage already done and the danger that
yet more damage will be done unless prompt and effective sup-
port be given by way of larger appropriations and the checking
of the drain caused by theft.
The total appropriation by the City for the Library for
the year 1936 was $1,197,866, an increase of about $26,000
over 1935, constituting the largest total since 1931 when the
Library- received $1,262,504. At the same time and notsvith-
standing the increase in the total appropriation the appropriation
for the purchase of books has been greatly and dangerously re-
duced. The $55,000 allowed for that purpose this year is
slightly more than one-half the $100,000 allowed last year and
less than one-third of the $175,000 allowed in 1931. From
1926—1931 the amount allowed for the purchase of books va-
ried from 13% to 16.7% of the total appropriation. From
1933-1935 it am.ounted to between 9% and 9.8% of the total.
In 1936 it was slightly over 5%.
During this depression there has been no cut in personnel and
none of the branch libraries has been closed. If the Library's
mission is to furnish books, and of course we believe it is, it Ccin-
not be carried out by maintaining library buildings and staffs
and neglecting to provide books. The money appropriated
for the purchase of books is not used merely to expand the Li-
brary. In normal times it is estimated that approximately 60%
is used merely to replace books that have been worn out or other-
wise rendered unavailable. The report of the Director for
1935 points out that although 57,354 books had to be discarded
from branch libraries it was possible to add only 52,019 to take
their places, thus falling short 5,335 volumes. Many of the
other cities, during good times, received very much larger appro-
priations than did Boston and as a result entered the depression
in better condition. The decreased appropriation for books
in 1936 makes it impossible even to replace worn out or dis-
carded books. This is particularly serious owing to the great
increase in circulation and use of books during the first years of
the depression, involving necessarily increased wear and tear
on the books themselves. It takes no great effort of the imagin-
ation to see into what a precarious condition ihe Library will
rapidly fall unless the budget for books is at least doubled and
The num.ber of books borrowed for home use although
greater than prior to the depression has steadily decreased dur-
ing the last three years. It is generally agreed that one of the
principal reasons is that the books the borrowers desire are no
longer available. Those books which have worn out through
use and have not been replaced are the very books most in de-
mand. The chief brunt of this decrease in books falls upon the
branch libraries. The income of such trust funds as the Library
possesses is, with some few exceptions, restricted to special
types of books, such as scholarly or reference works, or works
on special topics which are for the most part associated with the
activities of the Central Library, leaving the branch libraries
dependent almost wholly on city funds. The branch libraries,
however, account for by far the greater part of the total circu-
lation of books, supplying chiefly books of popular and general
interest and books for use by children in connection with school
work. It is the general public and the school children who suf-
fer most from any reduction in the appropriation for books.
In this connection it is interesting to note that only one branch
appears to have escaped this great dearth of books, namely
Charlestown, where three small trust funds for the purchase of
books have supplied the needed and desired books. Would it
not be wise to excite more local interest in the local branch li-
braries? Such an interest working in co-operation with the Li-
brary should ascertain quickly the local desires and needs, in-
crease the usefulness and value of the library and perhaps lead
some public spirited citizens to do for their local branches what
has been done for Charlestown.
It is impossible to separate the problem of lost books from the
problem of more adequate purchase and replacement of books.
Annually there are lost from the Library enough books to stock
a new branch library. The rate of loss is such that for every four
new books bought one good book is stolen. Through 1 935 this
rate of loss was increasing. The average loss from the 33 branch
libraries from 1926-1935 was 1 1,402 books a year. For 1935
1 2,769 books were lost, 1 ,31 7 more than the average for the 1
year period. During that period the average loss for the first 5
years was 10,743 books a year and for the last 5 years 12,162
books a year. This means that for each library day throughout
the year for each of the 33 branches 1 1/^ books were lost.
We are glad to note that in 1 936 there have begun to become
evident the results of the increased efforts on the part of the
library authorities to curb this great loss. The annual checking
of losses conducted during the summer of 1936 showed that the
total figure of missing volumes for 1936 was 1 1 ,199 as compared
with 12,769 in 1935. This 1936 figure while below the average
of 1 1,402 for the preceding 10 year period 1926-1935 is yet
substantially above the figure for the first 5 years of that period.
We hope that the continuation of these efforts will bring about
a continued decrease in the rate of loss.
A high percentage of the books stolen each year were either
known to be on school reading lists and disappeared when school
and college pupils needed them, or were juvenile books not like-
ly to attract adult thieves. This throws suspicion on children.
Most of the thieves who have been caught were either under 20
years of age or admitted that they began to steal library books
before they left school. It is thus clear that the prevention of
book thievery must begin Vv^ith school pupils.
A plan has already been formulated for closer co-operation
with the schools, and for the enlistment of the interest of both
teachers and pupils in greater care in the circulation of books,
thus putting the responsibility upon the children themselves. The
basis of this plan is educational and character building. It should
USE OF THE LIBRARY
The extent to v/hich the Library is used is indicated by the
following figures: The total number of volumes in the Library
collection is 1,682,000 of which 1,168,000 are in the central
library and 497,300 are in the 33 branches. The circulation of
books last year was but little short of 5,000,000, of v/hich 12%
was circulation from the central library collection, and 88%
from the collection in the branches.
We are glad to note that the administrative headquarters
recommended in previous reports has been set up in the Abbey
Room, with experienced supervisors always present to advise
and to deal with difficult reference questions, and to assist ma-
nar «lo *fc : nw Bsl" ibr
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OVERCROVDINC OF CENTRAL UBRARY
The wifcij, of the Ccatral libiaiy baUbg and ibe dtt-
»ladi aiBc tfaenfraai hsve beat stated aad "■iJ'-*"^**^
bgr ne Deectar aad joic E^xaaBBg CoBMHltee is pvevioas
jcais. Tbe aeed for irallnratioa of die jpace m die Ccatiai
Library building in the near future has become imperative, if
not acute. We invite attention to the valuable suggestions and
recommendations of previous Committees and the Director, and
particularly urge upon you the suggestion that space be found
elsewhere for certain of the Library's activities.
( 1 ) The Newspaper Room for the daily reading of current news-
papers is now located on the ground floor immediately next to the
main entrance. We believe that it could be removed from the Cen-
tral Library building to some other central location without inter-
ference or detriment to its own usefulness or the general work of
the Library. Such a change would release substantial space that
is urgently required by the Reference Division.
(2) It is our considered judgment that the Central Department
for Branch Libraries now located in the Central Library could be
housed elsewhere without impairing the efficiency of its activities.
"It is a unit that is for the most part self-sufficient, with its group of
clearly related activities, and with its large reservoir of books for
supplementing the collections of individual branch libraries." We,
therefore, urge its removal from the Central Library building to
some central location in the City.
Even a casual examination revealed the particularly unde-
sirable situation which has developed whereby large areas of
"the book stack have had to be left open to all who come and
go." Efficiency of administration dictates that such a situation
must be corrected as early as possible.
We can only repeat that which has been said on many prior
occasions that the toilet facilities, locker space, rest rooms, lunch
rooms, training course classrooms and the staff library are in-
adequate and unsatisfactory for the health and comfort of the
The problem of the special libraries is tied up definitely with
the problem of reallocation of space within the Central Library
building. In comparison with the problem of reorganization sug-
gested in this report and in the Annual Report of the Director
for 1 935 the minor suggestions set forth below are of subordinate
(a) Rare Book Department. More space is needed. Special
collections are crowded together and some have not even been cata-
loged. A number of important books need repair and attention to
their fine bindings. Where certain items are wanting a list of those
desired might be published in the Bulletin. Arrangements should
be made for exhibition of interesting items in places other than the
Treasure Room, such as in the recesses on either side of the main
entrance hall, in the Sargent Hail, and possibly in the so-called
Venetian Alcove on the second floor. This would tend to decrease
the woeful lack of knowledge of the rarer books in the Library on
the part of the general public, and might lead to increasing our
(b) Business Branch. This is still overcrowded and needs the
use of the third floor now used by other departments.
(c) Fine Arts Department. Unfortunately housed in an un-
suitable part of the Library, this department has long suffered on
account of its location. The valuable collection has never been
adequately used nor can it be so used in its present state. It should
be separately housed wdth its own exhibition rooms entirely under its
(d) Technology Department. It shares its space with Fine Arts,
and, likewise, is unfortunately placed. It is very crowded. Its books
are widely scattered. It should be more closely connected with
the Patent Department.
(e) Patent Department. It is too far away from the Technology
Department, and poorly located. Certain of its books, seldom
called for, could be redistributed, and Colonial newspapers might
be sent to Rare Books Vv'here they rightfully belong.
(/) Statistical Department. This is really a department of docu-
ments and might be moved and expanded somewhat into a depart-
ment of documents and social science. It has a very valuable col-
lection of parliamentary reports, not as widely known as they
(g) Teachers Department. The Adams Collection, having no
connection with this department, should be removed, and other books
used by the readers substituted.
(h) Music Department. Sound proof rooms in which the music
and phonograph records of this very valuable collection could be
used should ultimately be provided.
The system of cataloging is eminently satisfactory, and is of
the greatest assistance to the patrons. There are bound to be
inevitable lacunae, even in the Utopian Library, but the courte-
ous and efficient help of the staff seems to rectify all that is
The classification, however, is a very different matter. The
consummation, devoutly wished for many years, is the Library
of Congress Classification, (i.e. its system and its cards), and
it seems to be well under way, very much aided by Federal
Emergency Funds. These funds and the workers should be oi
untold value under adequate supervision from the authorities of
This year, as heretofore, the branches suffer in some instances
from inadequate lighting, worn-out or noisy floor coverings, poor
ventilation, too few new books both fiction and non-fiction, and
the problem of missing books. We can add little to what previous
committees have already said.
The v/ithdrav/al of uniformed policemen from library duty
is most regrettable and raises the problem of adequate protection
at many of the branches, particularly those in the congested
areas, during the evening hours. We urge upon the Trustees the
desirability of solving this problem as early as may be.
We are aware that much if not all we have said in this report
is already known and appreciated by the Trustees and by the
Director, and that they are giving thought and attention to the
problems and development of the Library. We hope that by
our discussion of these things we may contribute to a better under-
standing of the needs of the Library and of the responsibilities
which use of the Library by the public entails.
Adopted as the report of the Examining Committee, No-
vember 23, 1936.
Charles M. Rogerson, Vice Chairman
Philip R. Allen
George Bramwell Baker
Walter B. Briggs
Patrick T. Campbell
Elizabeth H. Dewart
Albert Ehr en fried
Susan J. Ginn
Chester Noyes Greenough
M. A. DeWolfe Howe
Herbert F. Jenkins
Henry Lewis Johnson
Carl T. Keller
Charles D. Maginnis
Bertha Mahony Miller
Elizabeth W. Perkins
John F. Perkins
Abraham E. Pinanski
Philip H. Rhinelander
Margaret H. Shurcliff
Lillian C. Slattery
Charles H. Taylor
Henry R. Viets
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR
To THE Trustees of the Public Library
OF THE City of Boston :
I submit herewith the report of the Director of the Library
for the year ending December 31,1 936.
EFFECTS OF THE ECONOMIC DEPRESSION
For the Library the year was in most respects still one more
reflecting depressed economic conditions. Appropriations re-
mained below the pre-depression level. In one instance — that
for the purchase of books — the appropriation was reduced to
the lowest figure in nearly twenty years.
Books and facilities continued to be used in the notably in-
creased fashion which had prevailed since the beginning of the
depression in 1929, though not in 1936, as also in 1934 and
1935, to the sam.e high degree as at the height of the depression.
This retardation in use is probably attributable to a single factor
more than to any one other, namely, the inability to buy books
to replace those worn out through the heavy depression use. As
a result in 1936 nearly 10,000 more books were worn out in
the branch libraries than could be replaced by purchase.
Continued heavy demands v/ere m.ade upon the Library in
sponsoring and carrying out work projects for the relief of the
unemployed, under the auspices of the Works Progress Admin-
istration of the federal government. These were of a nature to
be of lasting benefit to the Library.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE LIBRARY
The City appropriated for the use of the Library during 1 936
the sum of $1,197,866. This was $26,151 greater than the
amount appropriated in 1935.
The total appropriation included an amount of $88,872 for
the necessary expenditures incidental to the unemployment re-
lief projects which the Library sponsored on behalf of the City.
By excluding this amount for extraordinary expenditures the ap-
propriation for the ordinary operating expenditures of the Li-
brary v/as $1 ,108,994. This v/as $37,621 less than the amount
appropriated for the ordinary operating expenditures in 1935.
The appropriation for the purchase of books was $55,000,
the lovvest figure since 1919. Its inadequacy is indicated by the
following table, setting forth the heavily increased use of the
Library during the decade preceding 1 936 :
NO. OF BOOKS
YEAR FOR THE
PURCHASE OF EOOK.S
1926 .... $125,000
In later sections of this report the need of additional provision
for the pure
cs is presented in (
USE OF THE LIBI^RY
During 1936 there were borrowed for home reading
4,806,737 volumes. This figure represents an increase of
slightly m.ore than 22% over that for 1929, the last of the pre-
The following table shows the increased use of the Library
during seven years of economic depression, 1930—1936, in-
NO. OF BOOKS LENT
FOR HOME USE
PERCENTAGE OF PERCENTAGE OF
INCREASE OR DECREASE INCREASE
OVER PRECEDING YEAR OVER 1929
It is clear from these figures that a peak of increased use was
reached in 1932 and in 1933, that since then there has occurred
a retardation in use.
It is of course entirely proper to ascribe such a change in trend
to an improvement in economic conditions, hewer individuals
are unemployed; consequently fewer have abundant time tor
books and reading; therefore fewer books are borrowed from
the public library. As encouraging an indication of economic
improvement as all of this may be, there has been at the same
time another factor which, in negative fashion, has contributed
to the same result. That has been a lack of books. The Library
has not had funds to replace those books worn out through heavy
use in the preceding years of the depression.
The specific effects upon library use following from diminish-
ing unemployment cannot be easily demonstrated. Reliable
figures are not available for the purpose. On the other hand, it
seems possible, from the experience of the Library in 1 936, to
indicate a correlation between a declining library use and a dim.-
inishing supply of books. For instance, the number of books lent
from the central library for home use in 1936 increased by 2.6%
over the number lent in 1935, whereas the num.ber lent from the
branch libraries in 1936 decreased by 3.9% from 1935. In
1 936 it was possible to spend for the central library, chiefly from
the current and accumulated income of trust funds, appreciably
the same amount for the purchase of books as in 1935. For the
branch libraries the amount which was available in 1936, be-
cause of the greatly reduced appropriation by the City for the
purpose, was approximately 36% less than in 1935. In other
words, then, for the central library the same amount was spent
for books in 1936 as in 1935, and the number of books lent in-
creased; for the branch libraries the amount spent in 1936 was
markedl}- less than in 1935, and the number of books lent de-
If the Library had had from the City in 1 936 an appropria-
tion for the purchase of books equivalent even approximately to
that in 1935 (the appropriation in 1935 was $100,000, in 1936
$55,000), it might reasonably have expected to avoid a de-
crease in the lending of books from the branch libraries. Indeed
it might well have been able to bring about even an increase.
THE NEED OF BOOKS
For several years now the book stock in the branch hbraries
has been experiencing unusually heavy use arising out of the in-
creased requirements of the depression period. The demands
for books have surpassed the possibilities for supplying them.
As a result they have been, and are being, worn out faster than
they can be replaced, particularly since book funds have been
greatly reduced. For example, in 1935 the branch libraries
had to discard as worn out 5,335 volumes more than they could
add, and again in 1936 they fell short by 9,091 volumes. In
other words, in 1935 they discarded 57,354 books and added
only 52,019; in 1936, they discarded 42,151 volumes as com-
pared with only 33,060 added.
It is precisely here that the crux of the situation lies. Prior
to the depression and through 1932, up to 60% of the total
amount appropriated each year for the purchase of books was
used for the replacement of volumes worn out. Since 1932
greatly reduced appropriations have limited the proportion
available for replacements. For example, in 1936 only 19%
could be made available. The results upon purchasing replace-
ment copies are easily to be seen by the simple operation of
comparing 60% of $160,000, the appropriation for books in
1932, with 19% of $55,000, the appropriation in 1936. To-
day there are literally thousands of volumes which have been
worn out, or are fast becoming so, and are av/aiting replace-
ment. For the most part they are the books which have been
tried over the years, those continually needed by the general
public and school children alike. Their very value is attested
by the fact that they have been used heavily enough to wear out.
Under such conditions there cannot be avoided a decrease in
the use of books. The branch libraries suffer especially in this
respect. For book funds they are dependent almost wholly
upon the appropriation v.hich the City makes to the Library for
the purchase of library books. Of this practically none is given
over to buying books for the central library in Copley Square;
for that there is used largely the income of trust funds which
have been given specifically for the purpose and are thus not
available for any other use. When then the city appropriation
is reduced drastically, as in 1936 to the lowest figure in nearly
twenty years, it affects immediately the branch libraries, which
serve the general public and the school children in their respective
sections of the city.
Here lies a particularly discouraging aspect of the situation.
The economic depression brought to the public library individu-
als who had been previously only potential readers and who
now became active users of books. Their desire for reading once
stirred they could in appreciable numbers be expected to con-
tinue as readers, in any case so long as their appetites in this re-
spect could be satisfied. Gradually, however, the books most
desired by them became worn out through heavy use, or if cur-
rent books they could not be made available because of lack of
funds for purchasing them. Today, as a result, very many in-
dividuals can no longer find in the public library books to satisfy
their desires. From active readers they are being, or have been,
forced back to become merely potential readers.
Nearly a century ago the founders of the Boston Public Li-
brary adopted a concept, entirely new at the time, which was to
constitute a significant contribution to American library history.
In addition to developing scholarly library collections for the
relative few, in accordance with the prevailing library tradition
of the time, they proposed to go further. They purposed to
provide the books which people want to read, while they are
nev/, and in as many copies as desired. Questionable as it may
have seemed at the time, this concept has become one of the
fundamental guiding principles in the development of the pub-
lic library into the accepted American institution which it is
today. Of all cities, therefore, the City of Boston has reason
to bear in memory an enlightened past and to show itself as
ready now as heretofore to make generous and adequate provision
for the book needs of its citizens. It might well do so also, if
for no other cause, for the simple reason that today as a result
of economic and social conditions a group of readers both po-
tential and actual, has come into being which is larger than ever
before. It is a day when emphasis is being laid particularly upon
adult education. Yet, in 1 936, the Boston Public Library lent
to adults nearly 140,000 fewer volumes than in 1935 (as com-
pared with a decrease of approximately only 2,000 to children).
Without an adequate supply of books neither adults nor children
will, of course, persist indefinitely as readers. Books they must
have, old and new, if the reading habit is to persist.
It avails little to maintain library buildings and library staffs
if there are not supplied also the very books to promote whose
use these things are themselves provided. Certainly no rail-
road would spend appreciably large sums for keeping locomotives
and cars in running condition and providing train crews
and personnel and then fail to provide the steam or other force
necessary to make its trains go.
In summary, the Library finished the year 1936 lending 22%
more books than in 1929, the last of the pre-depression years.
Its appropriation for the purchase of books, hov^^ever, was 61 %
less in 1 936 than in 1 929. To catch up with these arrears —
particularly in replacing worn out books, and then to proceed
to build up the books collections to an adequate level — use
could be made to advantage for several years to come of a mini-
mum annual amount of at least $150,000.
THE MISUSE OF BOOKS
With the need of books becoming more and more acute, the
Library has striven constantly throughout the year to exert every
effort in its campaign against the m.isuse of books. This was
described in detail in last year's report. As indicated there,
the misuse of library materials and facilities occurs alike in the
central library and the branch libraries. In the former the prob-
lem is not easily controllable, because crowded physical facilities
prevent adequate action for improvement, particularly in the
book stack. In the branch libraries, on the other hand, the prob-
lem is presented more directly and in terms somewhat simpler.
It is there that the heaviest demand for books for home use oc-
curs; also it is only in the branches that open shelves are to be
found to an appreciable extent.
In approaching the problem, attention has been given first to
the books which have to be reported each year as "unrecover-
able" — that is, books which borrowers fail to return when due.
It is known specifically which these are and to whom they are
charged. For 1934 the branch libraries had had 2262 such
"unrecoverable" volumes. By careful investigation of each in-
dividual case as it came up during 1 935, the number of "un-
recoverables" for that year was reduced to 1 399, a decrease of
38% from the number in 1934. A continuation of these efforts
brought the number for 1936 down to 953, a decrease of 32%
from 1935. In other words, the efforts of the past two years
have resulted in decreasing by 58% the number of books which
the branch libraries have to report annually as "unrecoverable"
In the case of books which disappear by theft from the open
shelves, the approach cannot be so direct. Here there is gener-
ally not available much in the way of definite evidence from
which to start. Some aid is, of course, forthcoming from in-
formation gained in the handling of cases of "unrecoverables '.
For example, in 1 935 sixty-seven, and in 1 936 fifty-five, serious
cases of stealing, forgery, or mutilation were solved from infor-
m.ation obtained in large part in this fashion. From clues so
gained, by independent investigations, by observation of suspect-
ed delinquents while on library premises, by ever alert attention
on the part of the library staff, it proved possible during 1936 to
decrease the number of these books which disappear by theft.
For 1935 the branch libraries reported 12,769 volumes as so
missing. For 1936 the number was reduced to 11,012, a de-
crease of 14% from the number which disappeared in 1935.
These efforts will, of course, be continued. In the matter of
books "unrecoverable" from borrowers, possibly as much has
been done as can be by human care and attention alone. By
the introduction of mechanical means of registering and identi-
fying borrowers, and of charging and discharging books, through
utilizing recording and charging machines, it is probable that
the number of books "unrecoverable" each year can be reduced
to perhaps one half of the present figure. There will always be.
however, an irreducible minimum of 300 to 400 volumes so lost,
caused by the removal of borrowers from the city, the inability
of citizens to pay for the replacement of books which they have
lost, and similar naturally unavoidable circumstances. Yet the
1936 rate of loss at 953 is not a bad record in itself. It is a
loss of only one fortieth of 1 % of a total of over 4,000,000
volumes lent in the course of the year.
In the matter of reducing the number of books disappearing
each year by theft, there has as yet been made only a begining.
It is hoped that the 14% reduction in 1936 indicates a turning
in the tide of such annual losses. Every effort is being exerted
to reducing thieving, by detection and by prevention alike. As
instances are detected, each case is carefully investigated and
prepared, even though this may require several days, and a for-
mal personal hearing is held. If necessary the case is taken into
the courts. The solving of cases takes much time, of course,
but it is believed to be worth while to carry each one through
to a conclusion. Successful solution has generally the effect of
preventing the individuals concerned from injuring the Library
further. It frequently serves also to deter their friends and ac-
quaintances from similarly offending, through making them
aware of the penalties attached to such action. Much thought
and attention is being given also to possibilities of prevention of
thieving. In the latter months of the year a plan was worked
out for close cooperation with the public schools. This aims
at the enlistment of interest on the part of school children in in-
creased care in the use of books. It is believed that responsibility
in this respect can be instilled in the young people while they are
still in their formative period. The plan will be put into effect
only experimentally at first. Perhaps much may be expected
from it and from similar approaches in the long run. In any
case relief from book thieving is in the final instance probably
to be obtained only by building up in the minds of the people of
Boston a recognition that the resources of the Boston Public Li-
brary are intended for the benefit and enjoyment of all, and not
for abuse by the few.
UNEMPLOYMENT RELIEF PROJECTS
The Library continued during 1936 to assume a share,
together with other departments of the city government, in plan-
ning, sponsoring, and carrying out work projects for the unem-
ployed, under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration
of the federal government.
All of the projects which have been sponsored by the Libary
have been planned as related steps in a long range program de-
signed to bring about the eventual development along modern
lines of certain of the Library's processes in which improvement
has long been desired. Those carried on during 1936 were
largely preparatory to initiating a reclassification of the scholarly
book collections of the central library on a modern classification
scheme such as that of the Library of Congress.
Much preparation is, of course, necessary for so extensive an
undertaking. This is particularly true as to the training of per-
sonnel. Among the unemployed there are few individuals who
have had library training or experience. There are, however,
manj' among them who can be trained to the routine processes,
many of which are clerical or mechanical in nature, with the dif-
ficult and technical work of classification being left to trained
library workers. The finding and training and organization of
such a personnel, particularly in the upper levels, proved to be
the main problem of the year. Difficulties of an administrative
nature complicated the task for many m.onths. With the resol-
ution of these in favor of the Library in the latter part of the
year, it was finally possible to proceed with the selection and
training of personnel along the necessary lines. In the mean-
time a number of preparatory undertakings were carried on by
the existing personnel. Notable among these was the arrang-
ing and checking of a depository set of Library of Congress cata-
log cards, transfered from the Massachusetts State Library to
the Boston Public Library at the suggestion of the Librarian of
Congress and through the cooperation of the State Library.
There was also carried on during the year the project for the
cleaning of books throughout the library system.
These projects provided work for a number of individuals
ranging from seven hundred to one thousand at various parts of
the year. The cost of personnel was borne by the federal gov-
ernment as part of its program for the relief of the unemployed.
The contribution on the part of the Library was that of directing
the work, together with providing supplies and materials and
renting space and equipment, for which purpose a special ap-
propriation was made by the City.
All of these activities are clearly to the interest of the Library.
It should be pointed out, however, that their direction places a
considerable responsibility and burden upon many members of
the library staff, quite in addition to their regular established
duties. At no time during the year has the number of relief
workers been less than seven hundred, and most of the time it
has been considerably larger, ranging up to one thousand and
over. This constitutes a body of workers considerably greater
than the regular staff of the Library, which itself numbers
slightly under six hundred. The added responsibility for these
individuals and their work has been carried on by the regular
administrative staff of the Library, with but a single additional
aide, namely, an expert adviser on the classification of the Li-
brary of Congress.
BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT
In last year's report the crowding of the Central Library
building was described in detail. For 1936 there is little to re-
port other than that the situation has in the meantime been made
more acute by the growth of the book collections by nearly
20,000 volumes in the last twelve months.
Such an addition represents only the ordinary annual growth
in the Central Library collections. Placed side by side on the
shelves those volumes required an additional half mile of shelv-
ing space. In this connection it is of interest to note that when
the Central Library building was first occupied in 1 895 the vol-
umes housed therein occupied eleven m.iles of shelf space; ia
1 936 they stretched over the shelves for twenty-eight miles. This
is the same as saying that today, if stood upon end and pi -iced
side by side in one long line (averaging eight volumes to the
foot) , that line would reach from Boston to Lowell. It requires
little stretch of the imagination, then, to picture how acute the
situation is becoming when each year there is having to be found
space to house an acHitional hall: mile of books in a building m
which the shelves a/e already filled to capacity.
Immediate relief from the overcrowding can apparently be
obtained only through a reallocation of departmental space.
This cannot be effected, however, unless some units now housed
in the building are moved to quarters outside. It is urgently hoped,
therefore, that provision can be made in the annual appropria-
tions to the Library for the small amount necessary for the rental
of outside quarters into which to m.ove a number of library ac-
tivities whose nature is such that they can be carried on else-
where quite as well as in the Central Library building. The re-
lief thus obtained will m.ake possible the effecting of many need-
ed improvements in the facilities of the public departments and
in the working conditions and quarters of the library staff. Both
are of prime importance to the service rendered by the Library
to its readers.
For the branch libraries it has been possible for several years
to do nothing more than to attempt to m.aintain the buildings in
as adequate fashion as limited appropriations have permitted.
In one or two instances even important repairs have had to be
postponed. They cannot be allowed to go without attention in-
definitely without serious difficulties arising. It is to be hoped
that appropriations may permit action in the very near future.
TRAINING OF PERSONNEL
The extensive and wide program of training courses v/hich
was instituted in 1933 for all full-time members of the library
staff continued into its third academic year in October 1935.
During the academic year 1935-36 there w'ere 194 members
of the staff enrolled in thirteen full courses (three terms of ten
weeks each) and two one-term courses. These individuals took
207 courses, of which 1 54 were com.pleted satisfactorily. This
enrollment of 194 individuals taking a total of 207 courses is
to be compared with 192 persons taking 260 courses in 1934—
35, and 261 individuals taking 268 courses in 1933—34. Over
the three years 405 different persons have enrolled. The per-
centage of courses passed was 1A% in 1935-36, 83% in 1934-
35. and 77% in 1933-34.
It was believed that the large enrollment in 1933-34 would
not continue beyond that year. That it would sustain itself for
a second and a third year at so high a level was hardly to be ex-
pected. It would have been in many ways just as v/eli if it had
not, for it is no small task for a library to engage in offering for-
mal training to so large a number of individuals. That is really
the province of the library schools and other training agencies,
not of individual libraries. With the passing of time, hov/ever, it
should not be necessary for the Boston Public Library to engage
so extensively in the training field. Eventually it should be able
to limit its formal training offerings to fields which are not cov-
ered in the colleges and universities and library schools. More
and more of its staff should be recruited from individuals who
have had study and training in those formal educational institu-
tions, particularly in the graduate and professional levels.
In last year's report the hope was expressed that during 1 936
there could be finally completed the plans for putting into effect
the new program, of qualifying and promotional examinations
for which the Library's training courses were originally conceived
as affording aid and preparation. Provision would be made
thereby for Entrance Examinations for individuals wishing to
enter the library service. Qualifying Examinations for proba-
tionary assistants who are candidates for appointment to the
permanent ser/ice, and Promotional Examinations for assistants
in the permanent service who wish to qualify for promotion and
possibilities of increased remuneration. By these means there
would be provided a basis upon which to achieve an improved
classification of the Library's personnel; also definite "steps"
with which a system of "step rate increases in pay" could be
easily articulated. It became increasingly clear, however, as
the Library's appropriations suffered reductions progressively
throughout the first half of the year, that little could be done
effectively in this respect until there should be forthcoming from
the City the funds necessary for granting step rate increases in
pay upon an adequate basis. The efforts of the year were there-
fore concentrated largely upon presenting the need of increased
remuneration for members of the library staff, to the end that
improved appropriations might become available in 1937 and
the new classification of personnel and the new examinations
then be put into effect.
The following appointments to titular positions were made
during the year: Francis J. Hannigan, to be Supervisor of Gen-
eral Reference Departments; Edward H. Redstone, to be Su-
pervisor of Special Reference Departments; John H. Reardon,
to be Deputy Supervisor of General Reference Departments,
and Chief of the Information Department; Frank N. Jones, to
be Deputy Supervisor of Special Reference Departments, and
Chief of the Science and Technology Department; Mary A. C.
Kavin, to be Branch Librarian, Tyler Street Branch Library;
and James P. Mooers, to be Chief of the Binding Department.
The following resignation from a titular position occurred:
Louis F. Ranlett, Chief of the Book Selection Department, to
become Librarian of the Bangor Public Library.
Under the provisions of the Boston Retirement Act the fol-
lowing individuals retired from the library service: Agnes C.
Doyle, Assistant in Charge, Genealogy Department, after 52
years service; Katherine F. Albert, Branch Librarian, Jamaica
Plain Branch Library, after 44 years service; and Nils J. Her-
land, First Assistant Engineer, after 4 1 years service.
As of the date of her retirement the honorary title of Branch
Librarian, Emeritus was bestowed upon Katherine F. Albert.
By death the Library lost the services of Pierce E. Buckley,
Supervisor of General Reference Departments, and Assistant
Librarian. For over 45 years Mr. Buckley served the Library
invaluably in many and varying capacities.
If this report seems to have been concerned largely with the
need of increased appropriations for buying books, for improv-
ing the remuneration of the library staff, for obtaining relief from
the crowding of the Central Libraiy building, it is only because
these are all directions in which action is urgently needed if the
Library is to function effectively. At the same time it is not to
be overlooked that a host of activities have been carried on which
are in themselves of great interest and value. Some of these are
indicated in the Appendix to this Report. Others do not ap-
pear in the written record ; they are, however, known at first hand
to countless users of the Library who have profited from them.
To the members of the library staff the Director is deeply ap-
preciative of constant aid and cooperation in carrying on the
work of the Library. For them and for himself he extends to
the Trustees grateful thanks for their ever friendly support and
Milton E. Lord
Director, and Librarian
COMPARATIVE CIRCULATION STATISTICS
4,702,932 5,567.68! 5,548.283 5.194,35! 4.949,701 4,806,737
''For eight months. May through December.
The net gains and losses in circulation are presented, apart
from the totals, in the following form:
1 93 1 gain over preceding year
1932 gain over preceding year
1933 loss from preceding year
1934 loss from preceding year
1935 loss from preceding year
1936 loss from preceding year
USE OF BOOKS
Circulation from Central Library by Months
January . . . 38.802
Distribution of Total Circulation
a. Direct ....
b. Through Branch Libraries
1. Deposit Collection
2. General Collections
c. Schools and Institutions through
.Branch Department .
1 1 1 ,445
. • • •
• • ■ •
• • . •
These figures are condensed into the following :
Books Lent for Home Use. Including Circulation Through
Schools and Institutions
From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through
the Branch Libraries 757.363
From Business Branch .......... 17,822
From Branch Libraries (excluding books received from Central Library) 4,031,552
Total .... 4,806,737
Comparative Statistics Showing Distribution of Circulation
Central Library circulation (excluding
schools and institutions)
Direct home use
Through Branch Libraries .
Business Branch .......
Branch Libraries circulation (excluding schools
and institutions) ......
Schools and institutions circulation (including books
from Central through the branch library system
Under the inter-library loan system with other libraries the
following use of books for the purpose of serious research is
shown for two successive years:
Volumes lent from this Library to other libraries in Massachusetts
Lent to libraries outside of Massachusetts .....
.From libraries in Massachusetts
From libraries outside of Massachusetts
The classified direct circulation of the branch libraries for
two successive years was as foilov/s:
Fiction for adults
Non-fiction for adults
Juvenile non-fiction .
At the Central Library the classified direct circulation shows
the following percentages:
Fiction 45.6 47.6
Non-fiction 54.4 52.4
BOOKS ACQUIRED BY PURCHASE
For the Central Library:
From City appropriation
From trust funds income
For Branch Libraries:
From City appropriation
From trust funds income
The following statement includes the accessions by purchase
combined with books received by gift or otherwise :
Accessions by purchase .
Accessions by gift .
Accessions by exchange .
Accessions by periodicals bound
Accessions by newspapers bound
Accessions by serials bound
Central Library Catal
89,721 67,406 71,566 53,736
The number of volumes shelved and thus made available for
public use is:
Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year:
General collection, new books (including continuations)
Special collections, new books and transfers
Books reported lost or missing in previous years but now found,
transfers from Branch Libraries, etc. ....
Removed from Central Library shelves during the year:
Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced,
transfers, etc. .......... 7,849
Net gain at Central Library 18,095
Net loss at Branch Libraries . . . . . . . . . 9,091
Placed in Business Branch ......... 1 ,483
Net gain entire library system ......... 10,487
The total number of volumes available for public use at the
end of each year since the formation of the Library is shown in
the following statement:
1 ,C49,01 1
Volumes in the Central Library 1,186,598
Volumes in the Business Branch 18,525
Volumes in the Branch Libraries 488,212
Volumes in entire library system 1,693,335
These volumes are located as follows ;
Andrew Square .
North End .
1 1 .848
Orient Heights .
Codman Square .
Phillips Brooks .
Fellowes Anthenaeum .
Hyde Park .
South End .
Uphams Comer .
West End .
THE BINDING DEPARTMENT
Number of volume bound in various st
Magazines stitched .
Volumes repaired ....
Volumes guarded ....
Maps mounted ....
Photographs and engravings mounted
Library publications folded, stitched and trimmed
THE PRINTING DEPARTMENT
Requisitions received and filled ......
Card Catalog (Central Library) :
Titles (Printing Department count) ....
Cards finished (exclusive of "extras")
Card Catalog (Branches) :
Titles (Printing Department count) ....
Cards finished (exclusive of "extras")
Blank Forms (numbered series) .....
Forms, circulars and sundries (outside the numbered series)
Catalogs, pamphlets, bibliographical programs .
OUTSTANDING BOOK PURCHASES
Augustinus, Aurellus, Saint. lo. Frobenius lectori S. D. En habes
Aurelij Augustini opus absolutissimum de Ciuitate Dei . . .
datum . . • per . . . loan. Basileae, 1 522.
Benet, Stephen Vincent. The ballad of William Sycamore, 1 790—1 880.
(First edition, designed by Bruce Rogers.) New York, 1923.
Boys, Thomas Shotter. Picturesque architecture in Paris, Ghent, Ant-
werp, Rouen, etc. Drawn from nature on stone. Colored plates.
Bible. Laiin. Biblia integra: summata: distincta: accuratius reemedata:
. . . Colophon. M.CCCC.XCV. Black-letter.
Cato, Marcus Porcius, the Censor. (Scriptores rei rusticae. Second
edition). Colophon. M.CCCCLXXXII.
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. The first part (and second) of the his-
tory of the valorous and wittie knight-errant Don Quixote of the
Mancha. Translated out of the Spanish by Thomas Shelton,
MDCXII (and MDCXX). Chelsea, 1927-28. 2 vols.
Chaplin, James P. Journal of events on board Ship Newton, Capt. Eben
Sears Master, Boston to Calcutta and return, November 20, 1 845
to October 25, 1847. Manuscript.
Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Epistolae. Venice, c. 1 494.
Fridolin, Stefan, Father, of Nurenburg. Fol. (4)b . . . Da het hie an
das buch. das der schrein o8 schatzbehalter der waren reichtumer
des hails vn der ewige seligkeit. Colophon: Black-letter.
Gregory I., the Great, Saint, Pope. Dit is die prologus, of die voersprake
in sinte Gregorius omelie in duutschen. (Utrecht). M.cccclxxix.
Guiney, Louise Imogen. 52 letters and postccards, written to Charles
Knowles Bolton, 1890—7, dated. Auburndale, Mass., London,
Heylin, Peter, D.D. Cyprianvs Anglicvs: or, the history of the life and
death, of the most reverend and renowned prelate William . . .
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury . . . London, MDCLXXI.
Hunter, Dard. A. paper making pilgrimage to Japan, Korea and China.
New York, 1936.
Kongo, Iwao, compiler. (Old costumes of "No plays." 1 00 plates in
color). (Kyoto, Heinndo Tanaka. 1932), The text is in Japan-
MacCarthy, Daniel. A historical pedigree of the Sliochd Feidhlimidh,
the MacCarthys of Gleannacroim, from Carthach, twenty-fourth
in descent from Oilioll Olum, to this day. Exeter. 1 849.
Mace, Thomas. Musick's monument; or a remembrancer of the best
practical musick, both divine, and civil . . . London, 1 676.
Nakajima- i aiseikaku, publishers. (Famous flower and bird paintings in
Japan. 60 plates, colored.) Kyoto, 1935. The text is Japanese.
Poggio Bracciolini, Giovanni Francesco. Historia fiorentina. Venice,
Russell, George William. Deirdre. A drama in three acts. By A. E.
(pseud.) Dublin, 1907.
Suetonius TranquiTlus, Caius. Suetonius Tranquillus cum commentariis
Beroaldi et Sabellici. Venice, 1 506.
Thomas a Kempis. Fol. (3) a: Incipit liber prim lohanis Gerson, cacel-
larij parisiesis. De imitatione xpi de conteptu omniu vanitatu
mundi. . . . Colophon. Mcccc.lxxxviij. Black-letter.
Wadsworth, Joseph. Return of the officers, non-commissioned officers
and men in Captain Joseph Wadsworth's Company, February I 4,
Whitman, Walt. Leaves of grass. (Poems. 1st edition. Anon.)
Brooklyn, 1855. Bound vsath the original cloth covers.
Worlidge, I. Vinetum Britannicum: or, A treatise of cider . . . Lon-
don. 1 678.
Yale College. The laws of Yale-College, in New-Haven, in Connecti-
cut, enacted by the President and Fellows. New-Haven: Printed
by Thomas and Samuel Green. 1 774.
Ames, Mrs. Oliver. A collection of ninety-two volumes and three hun-
dred and seventy-nine pieces of music, including compositions of
Schumann, Beethoven, Franck, Faure, Schubert and others.
Bentley, Harry C. A collection of forty volumes on bookkeeping, for
the Bentley Collection in the Boston Public Library, and a copy of
Volume 2 of "A bibliography of v-zorks on accounting by American
authors" by Harry C. Bentley and Ruth S. Leonard.
Berenson, Mrs. Bernhard. Across the Mediterranean. By Mary Beren-
son. Prato, Tipografia Giachetti, Figlio e C, 1935.
Boston Symphony Orchestra. Boston Symphony Orchestra: charcoal
drawings of its members, with biographical sketches. By Gerome
Brush. Boston, Printed for the Orchestra, 1936.
Bradford, Mrs. Gamaliel. Elizabethan women. By Gamaliel Brad-
ford. Edited by Harold Ogden White. Cambridge, Houghton
Bradlee, F. J., Jr. A collection of sixty-nine volumes, including both
juvenile and adult fiction and non-fiction.
Burr, Allston. Sir Walter Scott: an index, placing the short poems in
his novels and in his long poems and dramas. Arranged by Allston
Burr. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 1936.
Churchill, Mrs. Frank Spooner. A framed daguerreotype of Wendell
Phillips, by Josiah J. Hawes. (To be hung in the Manuscript Al-
Dole, Frederick H. Sketches of the history of Windham, Maine, 1 734—
1 935 : the story of a typical New England town. By Frederick
H. Dole. Westbrook, Cobb, 1935.
Endicott, Samuel. Three volumes and three pieces of music, principally
sonatas by various composers and several arrangements by Samuel
Filene, Edward A. A collection of forty-five volumes, including twenty-
six Baedeker guides to various European cities and countries, and
many city and state documents and articles of political interest.
Gaxiola, Senor. Poinsett en Mexico (1822-1828). Notas de un libro
inconcluso per Francsco Javier Gaxiola. Prologo de Jose Elguero.
Mexico, Editorial "Cultura", 1936.
Gest, Mr. and Mrs. Morris. The life of David Belasco, by William
Winter. New York, Moffat, Yard and Company, 1 920. In two
volumes, autographed by Reina Belasco Gest.
Gilder, Rosamond. Theatre collections in libraries and museums: an in-
ternational handbook, by Rosamond Gilder and George Freedley.
New York, Theatre Arts, Inc., 1936.
Graham, Mrs. Louis H. A collection of one hundred and live volumes,
principally fiction, of which fifty-eight volumes were added to the
Jamaica Plain Branch Library.
Greene, Gladys. A collection of one hundred and twenty-eight volumes
and one hundred and ninety-two numbers, principally works of or
relating to music, philosophy and fiction.
Great Britain Patent Office. Two hundred and fifty-six volumes of British
patents received during the year 1 936,
Hale, Mrs. Philip. A collection of one hundred and ten volumes and three
hundred and sixty-five pamphlets, including music and works relating
to music, musicians and the theatre.
Harvard University. Harvard et la France. Recueil d'etudes public en
I'honneur de I'Universite Harvard et offert a cette Universite par
le Comite Francais pour la celebration du troisieme centenaire de
Harvard. Paris, 1 936.
Harvard University Tercentenary Gazette, Number 1—8. (Two
copies of each issue).
Two medals, silver and bronze, commemorating the Harvard
Hispanic Society of America. Arabic inscriptions in the collection of the
Hispanic Society of America, by Werner Caskel. Translated
from the German by Beatrice Gilman Proske.
Daniel Urrabieta Vierge in the collection of the Hispanic So-
ciety of America, by Elizabeth Du Gue Trapier. In two volumes.
El obispado de Burgos y Castilla primitiva desde el siglo V al
XIII, por Don Luciano Serrano, O.S.B. In three volumes.
Jacchia, Mme. Ester Ferrabini. A collection of thirteen original composi-
tions and arrangements by Agide Jacchia, and forty-eight letters
written to him by various musicians.
Jackson, Dr. Henry. Eight volumes of French fiction and non-fiction.
Jordan, AJice M. A collection of thirty-two volumes of children's literature.
Kelly, Nathan S. A collection of one hundred and eighty-two volumes
of fiction and non-fiction, and forty-one photographs of Daniel
Webster and several of his homes.
Leadbetter, Florence. Twenty-one volumes, including several books in
German, given to the Roslindale Branch Library.
Littauer, Lucius N. Selected works of Hyman G. Enelow. With a
memoir by Dr. Felix A. Levy. Volumes 1-4, Privately printed,
1935, by the Kingsport Press, Inc.
Macrae Smith Company. Seventeen volumes of recent fiction published
by Macrae Smith Company.
Miyamori Asataro. Masterpieces of Japanese poetry ancient and mod-
ern. Translated and annotated by Miyamori Asataro. Tokyo,
Maruzen Company, Ltd., 1936. In two volumes.
New England News Company. Twenty-one volumes of popular fiction
published during the year 1936.
Noyes, James B. Five copies of The Untold Story of Exploration, by
Lowell Thomas ; twelve copies of We Who Are About to Die, by
David Lamson; and, twelve copies of It Can't Happen Here, by
Page, L. C. & Co. Nine volumes published by L. C. Page & Co., dur-
ing the year 1936.
Parsons, Mrs. Frederick. Fifteen volumes of fine editions of various
books by Emerson, Service, Shakespeare, Stevenson, and others, to
be added to the Artz, Barton, Galatea and "Q" collections in the
Boston Public Library.
Tinkham, Hon. George Holden. Two hundred and eighty-five volumes
of the Congressional Record, to fill gaps and to replace worn volumes
in the Library's file.
Underbill, Francis Jay. Twelve volumes and fourteen pamphlets from
the library of Francis Jay Underbill, and eight programs of sym-
White, Alain C. A genius of the two-mover. A selection of problems
by Comins Mansfield. By Alain C. White. Stroud, Office of the
"Chess Amateur" Depot, 1936. The 32nd and final year of the
LECTURES — CONCERTS
In the Central Library Lecture Hall the Library presented 1 04 pro-
grams in its annual series of free concerts, lectures, and entertainments.
PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS OF 1936
Exhibitions arranged by the Library were on view in the Exhibition
Room, the Treasure Room, and the Children's Room throughout the year.
Artz Fund — Donation from Miss Victoria Thomas Artz, of Chi-
cago: the income of this sum to be employed in the purchase of
valuable, rare editions of the writings, either in verse or prose of
American and foreign authors. These books are to be known as
the"Longfellow Memorial Collection." Received in 1 896.
Bates Fund — Donation made by JoSHUA Bates, of London, in March,
"The income only of this fund is to be each and every year expended
in the purchase of such books of permanent value and authority as
may be found most needful and most useful." $50,000.00
Charles H. L. N. Bernard Fund — Bequest of CharLES H. L. N. Ber-
nard. Received in 1930. $2,000.00
Bigelow Fund — Donation made by JOHN P. BiGELOW in August,
1850, when Mayor of the city.
The income from this fund is to be appropriated for the purchase of
books for the increase of the library. $ 1 ,000.00
Robert Charles Billings Fund — Bequest of ROBERT CHARLES BlL-
"The sum to constitute a permanent fund for said library, to be
called the Robert Charles Billings Fund, the income only to be used
for the purpose of the purchase of books for said library." Re-
ceived in 1903. $100,503.39
Bowditch Fund — Bequest of J. Ingersoll Bowditch. Received in
The v^hole income in each and every year to be expended in the
purchase of books of permanent value and authority in mathematics
and astronomy. $10,000.00
Bradlee Fund — Bequest of the Rev. Caleb David Bradlee to the
Boston Public Library. Received in 1897. $1,000.00
Joseph H. Center Fund — Bequest of Joseph H. Center, the income
thereof to be at all times applied to the purchase of books and other
additions to the library. Received in 1905. $39,807.58
Children's Fund — Bequest of JosiAH H. Benton of $100,000, to be
held as "The Children's Fund," and the income applied to the pur-
chase of books for the use of the young, to be applied for those pur-
poses only in years v^'hen the city appropriates for the maintenance
of the Library at least three per cent of the amount available for
department expenses from taxes and income in said city. In any year
when the city does not thus appropriate at least three per cent of the
amount available for department expenses from taxes and income in
said City, the income given in said will for the purchase of books
shall be paid to the Rector of Trinity Church in the City of Boston
to be by him dispensed in relieving the necessities of the poor.
Clement Fund — Bequest of the late Frank Clement, of Newton, to
be known as the "Frank Clement Fund," the income to be applied
to the purchase of books. Received in 1915. $2,000.00
Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund — This is a contribution from
the friends of Henry Sargent Codman, to be used to perpetuate
the memory of Mr. Codman by the purchase of books upon land-
scape gardening. It is the desire of the subscribers that a special
book plate shall be inserted in each of the volumes purchased, identi-
fying it as part of their memorial collection. Received in 1 898.
Cutter Fund — Bequest of AbRAM E. Cutter of four thousand dol-
lars and his Hbrary of books, the income of the fund to be expended
for the purchase of books, and for binding. Received in 1901,
Elizabeth Fund — Bequest of SaRAH A. MaTCHETT, late of Brookline,
who died October 6, 1910, the object of which is stated in the fol-
lowing extract from her will:
"I give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Public Library of the
City of Boston, twenty-five thousand dollars, to be called the Eliza-
beth fund, to be received, held and securely invested, and only the
net income therefrom expended every year in the purchase of such
books of permanent value and authority as may be most useful in
said Library." $25,000.00
Daniel Sharp Ford Fund — A bequest of Daniel Sharp Ford to the
Public Library of the City of Boston, to be used for the purchase
of books for the young until otherwise ordered by the Board. Re-
ceived in 1900. $6,000.00
Daniel Sharp Ford Trust Fund — Bequest of Daniel Sharp Ford
to the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be used for general
purposes. Received in 1935. $5,017.65
Franklin Club Fund — Donation made in June, 1 863, by a literary asso-
ciation of young men in Boston, who, at the dissolution of the asso-
ciation, authorized its trustees, Thom.as Minns, John J. French and
J. Franklin Reed, to dispose of the funds on hand in such manner
as to them should seem judicious. They elected to bestow them on
the Public Library, attaching thereto only the following conditions:
"In trust, that the income, but the income only, shall, year by year, be
expended in the purchase of books of permanent value, for the use
of the free Public Library of the city, and as far as practicable of
such a character as to be of special interest to young men." The trus-
tees expressed a preference for books relative to government and
political economy. $1,000.00
Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund — Bequest of ISABELLA Stewart
"To the Trustees of the Boston Public Library, for the Brown
Musical Library, for a memorial to B. J. Lang." Received in
Morris Gest Fund — Donations made by Mr. Morris Gest in December
1925, the gross receipts from a benefit performance for the Library
of "The Miracle", — $2,652.50, the income to be used in the in-
terest of dramatic art. $2,652.50
Green Fund — Donations of Dr. Samuel A. Green of $2,000, the
income of which is to be expended for the purchase of books relating
to American history. Received in I 878 and 1 884. $2,000.00
Charlotte Harris Fund — Bequest of CHARLOTTE Harris, late of Bos-
ton, the object of which is stated in the following extract from her
will: "I give to the Charlestown Public Library $10,000, to be
invested on interest, which interest is to be applied to the purchase
of books published before 1 850. I also give to said Public Library
my own private library and the portrait of my grandfather, Richard
Devens." Bequests accepted by City Council, July 31, 1877.
Thomas B. Harris Fund — Bequest of Thomas B. Harris, late of
Charlestown, for the benefit of the Charlestown Public Library.
Received in 1884. $1,048.93
Alfred Hemenway Fund — Bequest of ALFRED HemenwAY. Re-
ceived in 1928. $5,000.00
Heloise E. Hersey Fund — Bequest of Heloise E. Hersey, of Boston ;
the income to be expended for the purchase of books, preferably
those of recent issue that have real literary value. Received in 1936.
Hyde Fund — Bequest of FrankliN P. HydE of Boston, to be known
as the "Franklin P. Hyde Fund," the income to be applied to the
purchase of books and other library material. Received in 1915.
David P. Kimball Fund — Bequest of David P. KiMBALL.
"I give to the Public Library of the City of Boston, the income to
be used for the purchase of books, $10,000." Received in 1924.
Louis E. Kirstein Fund — Donations of $1,000 each made by Mr.
Louis E. Kirstein, "to be used for any purpose of the Library
that the Trustees see fit to put it to."
October, 1925 $1,000.00
Arthur Mason Knapp Fund — Extract from the will of Katherine
Knapp: "To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of
Boston, the sum of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), to be known
as the Arthur Mason Knapp Fund, of which the income only shall
be used for the purchase of books for said library. And I hereby
request that such books be designated with an appropriate label or
inscription, bearing the name of the Fund." Received in 1914.
Helen Lambert Fund — Bequest of HeLEN Lambert of Boston in
memory of Frederic and Louise Lambert. Received in 1931 . The
income of this fund to be expended for the purchase of books and
other library material until otherwise ordered by the Board.
Abbott Lawrence Fund — Bequest of Abbott Lawrence, of Boston.
Received in 1860. The interest on this fund is to be exclusively
appropriated for the purchase of books for the said library having
permanent value. $9,812.52
Edward Lawrence Fund — Bequest of EdwARD LaWRENCE, of Charles-
town. Received in 1886. The following clause from his will
explains its purpose:
"To hold and apply the income and so much of the principal as they
may choose, to the purchase of special books of reference to be kept
and used only at the Charlestown branch of said Public Library."
Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund — Bequest of ELIZABETH Lewis, to be
known as the Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund: "i give and bequeath to the
Boston Public Library the sum off $5,000 as a fund, the income of
which is to be used for the purchase of such old old and rare books as
shall be fitly selected to augment the collection known as the John
A. Lev/is Library." Received in 1 903. $5,000.00
Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund — Donation from the family of
Charles Greely Loring, the income of which is to be expended
for the purchase of books for the West End Branch. Received in
Charles Mead Fund — Bequest of ChARLES MeAD, to constitute the
Charles Mead Public Library Trust Fund for the promotion of the
objects of the Public Library in such manner as the government of
said library shall deem best, and so far as the government shall
deem consistent with the objects of the library to be used for the
benefit of the South Boston Branch Library Received in 1 896.
Francis A. Morse Library Fund — Bequest of Francis A. MoRSE, of
West Roxbury; the income only to be expended annually for the
purchase of books for the West Roxbury Branch Library suitable
for children of school age. Received in 1936. $1,000.00
Gardner O. North Fund — Bequest of GARDNER O. NoRTH. Received
in 1928. $2,000.00
The Oakland Hall Trust Fund — By an interlocutory decree of the
Probate Court for the County of Suffolk, the amount of $1 1 ,781 .44
was received, the same being one-half of the net amount received
from the disposition of certain property held by the Trusttees, under
an indenture between Amor Hollingsworth, Sumner A. Burt and
Arnor L. Hollingsworth, all of Milton, Mass., and John H. Mc-
Kendry, of Boston, Mass., entered into the sixth day of August,
1870. The above amount was accepted by the City, January 2,
1924, and the Trustees of the Public Library voted to invest the
same under the name of "The Oakland Hall Trust Fund," the
income to be applied to the purchase of books and other library
material for the Mattapan Branch. $1 1 ,781 .44
John Boyle O'Reilly Fund — Donation received from the PAPYRUS
Club to establish a fund in memory of John Boyle O'Reilly, late
member of said club, the income of said fund to be devoted to the
purchase of books for the Boston Public Library. Received in 1 897.
Phillips Fund — Donation made by JONATHAN PHILLIPS, of Boston,
in April. 1853.
The interest of this fund is to be used exclusively for the purchase
of books for said library. $ 1 0,000.00
Also a bequest by the same gentleman in his will dated September
The interest on which is to be annually devoted to the maintenance
of a free Public Library. $20,000.00
Pierce Fund — Donation made by Henry L. Pierce, Mayor of the
City, November 29, 1 873, and accepted by the City Council, De-
cember 27, 1873. $5,000.00
Sarah E. Pratt Fund — Bequest from Sarah E. Pratt, late of Boston,
under the 1 4th clause of her will, for the benefit of the Dorchester
Branch, $500.00. Received in January, 1922. Distribution of
residue of estate in May, 1924, $964.30. $1 ,494.18
Guilford Reed Fund — Bequest of Helen Leah Reed, as a memorial
to Guilford S. Reed; the income to be applied to the purchase of
books of non-fiction. $1,000.00
John Singer Sargent Fund — Balance remaining in hands of surviving
trustees of fund originally raised to install in the Library decorations
by John Singer Sargent; the income to be used for the care and
preservation of the Sargent decorations, etc. $3,858.24
Scholfield Fund — Bequest of ARTHUR ScHOLFIELD, who died in New
York, January 1 7, 1 883. The interest to be paid to certain heirs
during their lives, and then to be used for the purchase of books of
permanent value. The last heir, Joseph Scholfield, died November
1 8, 1 889, and by his will bequeathed to the City of Boston the sum
of $1 1,766.67, which represents the income of said fund received
by him up to the time of his death, to which was added $33.33
accrued interest on deposit up to the time of investment, to be added
to the fund given by his brother. $62,242.45
Sewall Fund — Extract from the will of Richard Black Sewall:
''Tenth. — I bequeath the following pecuniary legacies clear of lega-
cy tax, namely. To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City
of Boston $25,000 to be added to their funds and the income to be
used for the purchase of books." Received in 1918.
Skinner Fund — Extract from the will of Francis Skinner:
"Eleventh. — All my books and library I give and bequeath to my
son, to be enjoyed by him during his life and after his death to be
distributed as he shall appoint among such public libraries, as he shall
judge lit, and in case he makes no such appointment then to the
Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston.
^''Sixteenth. — All the rest and residue of my said property of what-
ever kind, I give and bequeath to Augustus P. Loring and J. Lewis
Stackpole in trust to pay the net income to my son Francis Skinner,
Jr., during his life, or to apply the same to his maintenance and sup-
port, or the maintenance and support of any issue of his, as they shall
think best during his life ; and at his death to apply the income to the
maintenance and support of his issue until his youngest child shall
reach the age of 2 1 years and then to distribute said property among
said issue, the issue of a deceased child to take the share a parent
would have if living.
"If there shall be no issue surviving at the time of m.y son's death,
then to turn the said property into cash and to divide it equally
among the following legatees: The Trustees of the Public Library
of the City of Boston, the Museum of Fine Arts of Boston, Massa-
chusetts, the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Medical School
of Harvard University, and the Free Hospital for Women, Brook-
line, Massachusetts." Received in 1914. $51,059.97
South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund — Donation of a citizen of
South Boston, the income of which is to be expended for the benefit
of the South Boston Branch Library. Received in 1879.
Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund — Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Stew-
art of $3,500 to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library. 1 he
Trustees voted under date of June 29, 1923, that the income be
applied to the purchase of books and other library material.
James Jackson Storrow (Harvard '57) Fund — Gift of Helen Storrow
and Elizabeth Randolph Storrow as a memorial to James Jackson
Storrow, Senior; income to be used for the purchase of Italian books.
Patrick F. Sullivan Bequest — Extract from will: "I give and bequeath
to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library the sum of five thou-
sand dollars, the principal or income of said sum to be expended by
them for the purchase of Catholic standard books, said books to be
approved by the Archbishop of the diocese of Boston, Mass., or bv
the President of the Trustees of Boston College, in Boston, Mass."
Received in 1908.
This bequest, together with Interest amounting to $339,61 , has been
expended for books.
Ticknor Bequest — By the will of George Ticknor, of Boston, he
gave to the City of Boston, on the death of his wife, all his books
and manuscripts in the Spanish and Portuguese languages, about
four thousand volumes, and also the sum of four thousand dollars.
After the receipt of said sums the city is required to spend not less
than one thousand dollars in every five years during the twenty-nve
years next succeeding (i.e., the income of four thousand dollars, at
the rate of five per cent per annum) in the purchase of books in the
Spanish and Portuguese languages and literature. At the end of
twenty-five years the income of said sum to be expended annually in
the purchase of books of permanent value, either in the Spanish or
Portuguese languages, or in such other languages as may be deemed
expedient by those having charge of the library. The books be-
queathed or purchased are always to be freely accessible for refer-
ence or study, but are not to be loaned for use outside of the library
building. If these bequests are not accepted by the city, and the
trusts and conditions faithfully executed, the books, manuscripts and
money are to be given to the President and Fellows of Harvard
College. In order that the city might receive the immediate benefit
of this contribution, Anna Ticknor, widow of the donor, relinquished
her right to retain during her life the books and manuscripts, and
placed them under the control of the city, the City Council having
previously accepted the bequestss in accordance with the terms and
conditions of said will, and the Trustees of the Public Library re-
received said bequests on behalf of the city, and made suitable ar-
rangements for the care and custody of the books and manuscripts.
Received in 1871. $4,106.71
William C. Todd Newspaper Fund — Donation by WiLLIAM C. ToDD,
accepted by order of the City Council, approved October 30, I 897,
the income to be at least two thousand dollars a year, to be expend-
ed by the Library Trustees for newspapers of this and other countries.
Townsend Fnd — Donation from William Minot and William Minot,
Jr., executors of the will of Mary P. ToWNSEND, of Boston, at
whose disposal she left a certain portion of her estate in trust for such
charitable and public institutions as they might think meritorious.
Said executors accordingly selected the Public Library of the City
of Boston as one of such institutions, and attached the following con-
ditions to the legacy: "The income only shall, in each and every
year, be expended in the purchase of books for the use of the library ;
each of which books shall have been published in some one edition
at least five years at the time it may be so purchased." Received in
1 879. $4,000.00
Treadwell Fund — By the will of the late Daniel Treadwell, of
Cambridge, late Rumford Professor in Harvard College, who died
February 27, 1872, he left the residue of his estate, after payment
of debts, legacies, etc., in trust to his executors, to hold during the
life of his wife for her benefit, and after her decease to divide the
residue then remaining in the hands of the Trustees, as therein pro-
vided, and convey one-fifth part thereof to the Trustees of the Pubhc
Library of the City of Boston.
By order of the City Council, approved May 1 7, 1 872, said bequest
was accepted and the Trustees of the Public Library authorized to
receive the same and invest it in the City of Boston Bonds, income
of which is to be expended by said Trustees in such manner as hey
may deem for the best interests of the Library. $13,987.69
Tufts Fund — Bequest of Nathan A. TuFTS, of Charlestown, to be
known as the "Nathan A. Tufts Fund," the income to be applied
at all times to the purchase of books and other additions to the library
to be placed in the Charlestown Branch. Received in 1 906.
Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund — Donation on account of the
Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund, the income to be used
for the purchase of books of a military and patriotic character, to be
placed in the alcove appropriated as a memorial to the Twentieth
Regiment. Received in 1 897. $5,000.00
Horace G. Wadlin Fnd — Bequest of HoRACE G. WadLIN, of
Reading, former Librarian, who died November 5, 1 925, of $2,000
to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston to be
perm.anently funded and the income thereof used for the purchase
of books. Received in 1 932. $2,030.51
Also a bequest by Ella F. Wadlin; to be added to the Horace G.
Wadlin Fund, and the income to be used for the purchase of books.
Received in 1936. $1,725.84
Wales Fund — Extract from the will of George C. Wales :
"After the foregoing bequests I direct that the sum of five thousand
dollars be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of
Boston, the same to be held, managed and invested by them, so as
to produce an income, and the said income to be applied to the pur-
chase of such books for said Library as they may deem best." Re-
ceived in 1918. $5,000.00
Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund — Bequest of Mehitable C. C. Wil-
son, the income to be expended for the purchase of books for the
Boston Public Library. Received in 1913. $1,000.00
Whitney Funds — Bequests of James Lyman Whitney, who died Sep-
tember 25, 1910.
Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund — The twelfth clause of his will di-
rected that: One-tenth of said remaining income of the principal
fund, I direct to be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the
City of Boston, to be held and accumulated by said Trustees and
permanently invested and re-invested. The first five thousand dollars
of income so accumulated, including the income thereon arising
during the period of accumulation, I request to be funded in the
name of my sister, Alice Lincoln Whitney, and the income of said
fund after its accumulation or so much of said income as may be re-
quired, to be paid to such employees of the said Library, who are
sick and in need of help, as the Trustees may in their discreton deem
most worthy (there are often such cases). Any amount of income
from said accumulated fund not needed for the purpose just men-
tioned shall be used for the purchase of books and manuscripts.
James Lyman Whitney Fund — The Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund
having been established, ail amounts of income of the principal fund
paid to said Trustees, after the accumulation of said fund of five
thousand dollars shall be held as the James Lyman Whitney Fund,
and invested and re-invested and the income used in equal shares,
one share for the purchase of rare and expensive books, and one share
for the purchase and care of manuscripts; one half at least of the
share devoted to manuscripts to be expended for their cataloguing
and proper care. $27,786.82
In addition to the above Mr. Whitney created a trust, directing that
of the net income seven hundred dollars a year be paid to the Trus-
tees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be expended on
bibliographic work for the beneEt of the Library.
Central Library Building Fund — Donations in response to an appeal by
the Trustees in April, 1925, setting forth the needs of the Library,
Percy Lee Atherton $ 25.00
William York Peters 25.00
John T. Spaulding 100.00
Donations — Besides the preceding, the following donations have been
made to the Public Library, and the amounts have been appro-
priated for the purpose of books, according to the intention of the
donors, viz. :
Samuel Appleton, late of Boston . . . $1,000.00
H. C. Bentley 220.38
J. Ingersoil Bowditch 6,800.00
Nathaniel L Bowditch . . . . 200,00
James Brown, late of Cambridge . . . 500.00
Andrew Carnegie ..... 980.75
Dorchester and Milton Circulating Library, for the
benefit of the Dorchester Branch Library . 335.13
Sally Inman Kast Shepard .... 1 ,000.00
James Nightingale 100.00
RECAPITULATION OF PUBLIC LIBRARY TRUST FUNDS
Artz Fund $ iO.OOO.OO
Bates Fund 50,000.00
Charles H. L. N. Bernard Fund 2,000.00
Bigelow Fund 1,000.00
Robert Charles Billings Fund 100,503.39
Bowditch Fund 10,000.00
Bradlee Fund 1.000.00
Joseph H. Center Fund 39,807.58
Central Library Building Fund 150.00
Children's Fund 102,949.95
Clement Fund 2.000.00
Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund ...... 2,o54.4!
Cutter Fund 4.270.00
Elizabeth Fund 25,000.00
Daniel Sharp Ford Fund 6,000.00
Daniel Sharp Ford Trust Fund 5,017.65
Franklin Club Fund 1,000.00
Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund 5,000.00
Morris Gest Fund 2,652.50
Green Fund 2,000.00
Charlotte Harris Fund 10,000.00
Thomas B. Harris Fund 1,048.93
Alfred Hemenway Fund 5,000.00
Heloise E. Hersey Fund 3,542.00
Hyde Fund 3,632.40
David P. Kimball Fund 10,271.58
Louis E. Kirstein Fund 5,000.00
Arthur Mason Knapp Fund 10,002.50
Francis A. Morse Library Fund 1,000.00
Helen Lambert Fund 1,394.57
Abbott Lawrence Fund 9,812.52
Edward Lawrence Fund ......... 500.00
Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund 5,000.00
Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund ...... 500.00
Charles Mead Fund 2,530.51
Gardner O. North Fund 2,000.00
The Oakland Hall Trust Fund 11,781.44
John Boyle O'Reilly Fund 1,085.02
Phillips Fund 30,000.00
Pierce Fund 5,000.00
Sarah E. Pratl Fund 1,494.18
Guilford Reed Fund 1,000.00
John Singer Sargent Fund ......... 3,858.24
Scholfield Fund 62,242.45
Sewall Fund 25,000.00
Skinner Fund • - • _ 51.059.97
South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund ...... 100.00
Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund 3,500.00
James Jackson Storrow (Harvard '57) Fund ..... 25,000.00
Ticknor Fund 4,106.71
William C. Todd Newspaper Fund 49,694.94
Townsend Fund 4,000.00
Treadwell Fund 13,987.69
Nathan A. Tufts Fund 10.736.68
Carried forward $396,428.81
Brought forward $396,428.81
Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund 5,000.00
Horace G. Wadlin Fund 3,756.35
Wales Fund 5,000.00
Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund 5,000.00
James Lyman Whitney Fund 27,786.82
Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund 1 ,00 0.00
OFFICERS OF THE LIBRARY
Director, and Librarian Milton E. Lord
Clerk of the Trustees Elizabeth B. Brockunier
Supervisor of Training Bertha V. Hartzell
Editor of Publications Zoltan Haraszti
Chief Librarian of the Reference Division: Richard G. Hensley
Assistant Librarian, Emeritus Frank C. Blaisdell
Assistant Librarian, Emeritus Samuel A. Chevalier
Assistant Librarian, Emeritus Otto Fleischner
Cataloging and Classification Department: Lucien E. Taylor, Chief.
General Reference Departments: Francis J. Hannigan, Supervisor.
Bates Hall Centre Desk: William J. Mulloney, Assistant in Charge.
Bates Hall Reference Department: Harry W. Mathews, Assistant
Information Department: John H. Reardon, Chief.
Issue Department: Thomas F. Brennan, Chief.
Newspaper Department: Frederic Serex, Assistant in Charge.
Periodical Department: Dorothy P. Shaw, In Charge.
Registration Department: A Frances Rogers, Chief.
Special Reference Departm.ents : Edward H. Redstone, Supervisor.
Business Branch: Mary W. Dietrichson, Business Branch Librarian.
Fine Arts Department: Priscilla S. MacFadden, In Charge.
Music Department: Richard G. Appel, Assistant in Charge.
Science and Technology Department: Frank N. Jones, Chief.
Statistical Department: Elizabeth G. Barry, Assistant in Charge.
Teachers' Department: Anna L. Manning, Assistant in Charge.
Chief of the Special Libraries, Emeritus: George S, Maynard,
Rare Books: Zoltan Haraszti, Keeper of Rare Books.
Rare Book Departm.ent: Harriet Swift, Assistant in Charge.
Chief Librarian of the Circulation Division: Orlando C. Davis.
Children's Work: Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor.
Branch Libraries: Edith Guerrier, Supervisor.
A-Iston, Katherine F. Muldoon.
Andrew Square, Elizabeth H. McShane.
Boylston, Margaret A. Calnan.
Brighton, Katrina M. Sather.
Charlestown, Katherine S. Rogan.
City Point, Helen L. Morrisey.
Codman Square, Elizabeth P. Ross.
Dorchester, Marion C. Kingman.
East Boston, Theodora B. Scoff.
Fanueil, Gertrude L. Connell.
Fellowes Athenaeum, Mary E. Ames.
Hyde Park, Sara A. Lyon.
Jamaica Plain, Rebecca E. Willis, Acting Branch Librarian.
Jeffries Point, Mary U. Nichols.
Kirstein, Grace B. Loughlin.
Lower Mills, Isabel E. Wetherald.
Mattapan, Ada Andelman.
Memorial, Beatrice M. Flanagan.
Mount Bowdoin, Pearl B. Smart.
Mount Pleasant, Margaret H. Reid.
Neponset, Margaret I. McGovern.
North End, Mary F. Curley.
Orient Heights, Catherine E. Flannery.
Parker Hill, Mary M. Sullivan.
Phillips Brooks, Edna G. Peck.
Roslindale, Annie M. Donovan.
Roxbury Crossing, Edtih R. Nickerson.
South Boston, M. Florence Cufflin.
South End, Clara L. Maxwell.
Tyler Street, Mary A. C. Kavin.
Uphams Corner, Beatrice C. Maguire.
West End, Fanny Goldstein.
West Roxbury, Geneva Watson.
Branch Librarian, Emeritus, Katherine F. Albert.
Branch Librarian, Emeritus, Carrie L. Morse,
Branch Librarian, Emeritus, Margaret A. Sheridan.
Division of Business Operations
Comptroller: James W. Kenney.
Buildings Department: William F. Quinn, Superintendent.
Auditor: Helen Schubarth.
Book Purchasing Department: William. C. Maiers, Chief.
Stock Purchasing Department: Timothy J Mackin.
Binding Departm.ent: James P. Mooers, Chief.
Printing Department: Francis W. Lee, Chief.
Shipper: Robert F. Dixon.