EIGHTY-FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON 1936 BOSTON PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES 1937 LZO\'S THE PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON: PRIHTIN8 DEPARTMENT. 10,15.37: 2S00 TRUSTEES OE THE PUBLIC LIBRARY LOUIS E. KIRSTEIN, President Term expires April 30, 1939 ELLERY SEDGWICK Term expires April 30, 1938 FRANK W. BUXTON Term expires April 30, 1940 JOHN L. HALL ROBERT H. LORD Term expires April 30, 1941 Term expires April 30, 1937 MILTON E. LORD Director, and Librarian ORGANIZATION OF THE LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. TTie Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, organized in 1852, are now incorporated under the provisions of Chapter 114 of the Acts of 1878, as amended. TTie Board for 1852 was a preliminary organization; that for 1853 made the first annual report. The Board at present consists of five citizens at large, ap- pointed by the Mayor for five-year terms, the term of one member expiring each year. The following citizens at large have been members of the Board since its organization in 1852: Abbott, Gordon, A.B., 1926-1931. Hall, John Loomer, A.B., LL.B., 1931- Abbott, Samuel Appleton Browne, A.M., Haynes, Henry Williamson, A.M., 1879-95. 1880-94. Appleton, Thomas Gold, A.M., 1852-56. Hilliard, George Stillman, LL.D., Benton, Josiah Henry, LL.D., 1894-1917. 1872-75; 1876-77. Bigelow, John Prescott, A.M., 1852-68. Kenney, William Francis, A.M., Bowdifch, Henry Inger8oIl,M.D.. 1865-67. 1908-1921. Bowditch, Henry Pickering, MJ)., Kirstein, Louis Edward, A.M., 1919- 1894-1902. Lewis. Weston. 1868-79. Boyle, Thomas Francis, 1902-12. Lewis, Winslow, M.D., 1867. Braman, Jarvis Dwight. 1869-72. Lincoln, Solomon, a.m., 1897-1907. Brett, John Andrew.^L.B., 1912-16. Mann. Alexander, DJ).. 1908-1923. Buxton. Frank W.. A.B.. 1928- Morton. Ellis Wesley, 1870-73. Carr. Samuel, 1895-96, 1908-22. Murray Michael Joseph, LL.B., 1921-26. Chase, George Bigelow, A.M., 1876-85. O'Connell, William Cardinal, 1932-36. Clarke, James Freeman, D.D., 1879-88. Pierce, Phineas, 188&-94. Coakley, Daniel Henry, 1917-19. Prince, Frederick Octavius, A.M., 1888-99. Connolly, Arthur Theodore, 1916-1932. Putnam, George, D.D., 1868-77. Currier, Guy Wilbur, 1922-1930. Richards, William Reuben, a.m., 1889-95. Curtis, Daniel Sargent, A.M., 1873-75. Sedgwick, Ellery, a.b., litt.d., 1930- De Normandie, James, D.D., 1895-1908. Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstrcet, LL.D., Dwight, Thomas. M.D., 1899-1908. 1852-68 Dwinnell, Clifton Howard, B.S., 1927-28. Thomas, .Benjamin Franklin, LL.D., Everett, Edward, LL.D.. 1852-64. 1877-78. Frothingham, Richard. LL.D.. 1875-79. Ticknor, George, LL.D., 1852-66. Gaston. William Alexander, LL.B., Walker, Francis Amasa. LL.D., 1896. 1923-27. Whipple, Edwin Percy, A.M., 1868-70. Green Samuel Abbott, M.D., 1868-78. Whitmore, William Henry, A.M., 1885-88. Greenough. WilUam Whitwell, 1856-88. Winsor. Justin, LL.D., 1867-63. The Hon. Edward Everett was President of the Board from 1852 to 1864; George Ticknor, in 1865; William W. Greenough, from 1866 to April, 1888; Prof Henry W. Haynes, from May 7, 1888 to May 12. 1888; Samuel A. B. Ab- bott. May 12, 1888 to April 30. 1895; Hon. F. O. Prince, October 8, 1895 to May 8, 1899; Solomon Lincoln, May 12, 1899 to October 15, 1907; Rev. James De Normandie, January 31, 1908 to May 8, 1908; Josiah H. Benton, May 8, 1908 to February 6, 1917; William F. Kenney, February 13, 1917 to May 7. 1920; Rev. Alexander Mann, May 7, 1920 to January 22, 1923; Msgr. Arthur T. Connolly. April 13 1923 io June 13. 1924; Louis E. Kirstein. June 13, 1924 to June 19, 1925; Hon. Michael J. Murray. June 19, 1925 to July 2, 1926; Guy W. Currier. July 2. 1926 to May 2, 1927; Msgr. Arthur T. Connolly, May 2, 1927 to June 22, 1928; Louis E. Kirstein, June 22, 1928 to June 21. 1929; Gordon Abbott. June 21, 1929 to June 20, 1930; Frank W. Buxton, June 20. 1930 to May 15. 1931; Louis E. Kirstein May 15, 1931 to May 20, 1932; Ellery Sedgwick, May 20, 1932 to May 5 1933- John L Hall, May 5, 1933 to May 18, 1934; William Cardinal O'Connell May. 18, 1934 to May 6, 1935; Frank W. Buxton, May 6. 1935 to May 6, 1936; Louis E. Kirstein since May 6, 1936. LIBRARIANS. (From I85S to 1877, the chief executive officer v/as called Superintendent; from !877 to 1923 Librarian; from 1923 to 1934 Director; since 1934 Director and Librarian.) Capen, Edv/ard, Librarian, May 13, 1 852-December 16, 1874. Jewett, Charles C, Superinlendent, 1858-January 9, 1868. WlN'.SOR, Justin, LL.D., Superintendent, February 25, 1868-September 30, 1877. Green, .Samuel A., M.D., Trustee, Acting Librarian, October 1, 1877-September 30. 1878. Chamberlain, Mellcn, LL.D., Librarian, October I, 1 878-September 30, 1890. DwicHT, Theodore F., Librarian, April 13, 1892- April 30, 1894. Putnam, Herbert, ll.d.. Librarian, February 11, 1895-April 3, 1899. Whitney, J.\MES L., a.m.. Acting Librarian, March 31 1899-December 21 1899; Librarian, December 22, 1899-January 31, 1903. Wadlin, Hor,\CE G., LiTT.D., Librarian, February 1, 1903-March 15, 1917; Acting Librarian, March 15, 1917-June 15, 1917. Belden, Charles F. D., a.m., LL.b., litt.D., Director, March 15, 1917-October 24, 1931. Lord, Milton E., A.B., D'reclor and Librarian, since February 1, 1932. LIBRARY SYSTEM, JANUARY 1, 1936 Ik St. tfOPENED. May 2. 1854 28. 1871 1. 1872 16. 1873 5. 1874 5. 1874 25. 7. Departments. ''Central Libreury, Copley Square . *East Boston Branch, 276-282 Meridian St. §Soufh Boston Branch, 372 West Broadway . llFeliowes Athenaum Bremch, 46 Millmont St. *Charlestown Branch, 43 Monument Square 'Brighton Branch, 40 Academy Hill Road , JDorchester Branch, Arcadia, cor. Adam* St. fLower Mills Branch, 1110 Washington, cor. Richmond St JSouth End Branch, 65 West Brookline St tjamaica Plain Branch, 12 Sedgwick, cor. South St IRoslindale Branch, 4210 Washington St. *West Roxbury Branch. 1961 Centre St. *Mattapan Branch, 8-10 Hazleton St. . *North End Branch, 3a North Bennet St. §Neponset Branch, 362 Neponset Ave. §Mt. Bowdoin Branch, 275 Washington St. §Allston Branch, 161 Harvard Ave. . IjlCodman Square Branch, Washington, cor. Nor |Ml. Pleasant Branch, 335 Dudley, cor Vine St. :j:Tyler Street Branch, 130 Tyler, cor. Oak St. *West End Branch. 131 Cambridge St. JUpham's Comer Branch. 500 Columbia Rd. ^Memorial Branch, cor. Warren and Townsend Sts. §Roxbury Crossing Branch. 208 Ruggles. cor Tremont St. *Boylston Branch, 433 Centre St §Orient Heights Branch, 5 Butler Ave. JCity Point Branch, Municipal Bldg.. Broadway . *Parker Hill Branch, 1497 Tremont St. . . . *Hyde Park Branch, 35 Harvard Ave., cor. Winthrop St. *Faneuil Branch, 419 Faneuil St § Andrew Square Branch. 394 Dorchester St. »Jeffrie« Point Branch. 222 Webster St. . . . • Baker Library. Heirvzwd Graduate School of Business Administration Jan. *Kirstein Memorial Library Building: 20 City Hall Ave. . . May Business Branch, first and second floors; Kirstein Branch, third floor. §Phillips Broob Branch. 12 Hamilton St.. Readville . . . May 18. 1931 ^In the case of the Central Library and some of the branches the opening was in a different location from that nov/ occupied. *In building owned by City and controlled by Library Board, fin building owned by City, and exclusively devoted to library uses. Jin City building, in part devoted to other municipal uses. §Occupie« rented rooms. ||The lessee of the Fellowes Athenaeum, a private library association. • Under agreement with Harvard. Jan. May July Jan. Jan. Jan. June Aug.. June. Dec. 3 Jan. 6 Dec. 27 Oct., Jan. Nov. Mar. Nov. Nov. Jan. Feb. Mar. May Jan. Nov. June July July Jan. Mar Mar Oct. 1875 1875 1877 1876 1878 1880 1881 1862 1883 1886 1889 1890 1890 1896 1896 1896 1896 18 1897 1897 1901 1906 1907 1912 1914 1914 1921 1927 1930 CONTENTS Report of the Trustees Balance Sheet .... Report of the EuXamining Committee Report of the Director Appendix ..... 1 8 14 23 37 To His Honor Frederick W. Mansfield, Ma^or of the Cii^ of Boston. Sir: The Trustees of the PubHc Library of the City of Boston present the following report of its condition and affairs for the year ending December 31,1 936, being the eighty-Rf th annual report. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD The Corporation organized at the annual meeting on May 6, 1 936 with the election of Mr. Louis E. Kirstein as President, Mr. Ellery Sedgwick as Vice President, and Miss Elizabeth B. Brockunier as Clerk. Mr. John L. Hall, whose term as Trustee expired on April 30, was re-appointed for the term ending April 30, 1941 . On May 15 His Eminence William Cardinal O'Connell re- signed as Trustee because of the pressure of other duties. The following minute upon his service as a Trustee of the Library was adopted by the Trustees and ordered spread upon their records. As a Trustee of this Board from November 8, 1 932 to May 15,1 936 His Eminence William Cardinal O'Connell served his city unselfishly and well, dignified municipal administration, and set an example for other distinguished citizens. The Library and the community are per- manent beneficiaries of his efforts. He gave the most conscientious care to all the tasks of the office, and his decisions were invariably sound. Especially as President and Vice President for two years he exercised those qualties of mind and heart which have characterized his career as a Churchman. In those informal meetings which preceded and followed the formal sessions during his tenure, he was a delightful companion. The Board of Trustees and the individual members wish to express hereby, on the eve of his seventy-seventh birthday, their deep respect for him, their appreciation of his services, and their abiding affection. The Reverend Robert H. Lord was appointed to serve for the remainder of His Eminence's term as a Trustee, ending on April 30, 1937. 2] BUDGET ESTIMATES The estimates submitted on November 1 , 1 935 for the main- tenance of the Library during the year 1 936 were later amended and reduced. These estimates were as follows: Item A. — Personal service B. — Service other than personal C. — Equipment . D. — Supplies E. — Materials F. — Special items H. — Emergency relief projects Total Estimated $940,039.28 88,502.00 177,456.00 36,090.00 27,135.00 360.00 269,156.42 $1,538,738.70 Allowed $921,000.00 70.954.00 62,883.00 34,840.00 19,285.00 32.00 88,872.00 $1,197,866.00 RECEIPTS OF THE LIBRARY The receipts which ma}'^ be expended by the Trustees for the maintenance of the Library consist of the annual appropriation by the Mayor and City Council, and the income from Trust Funds given to the institution and invested by the City Treasurer. During the year 1 936 these receipts were : Annual appropriation ....... Income from trust funds ....... Unexpended balance of trust funds income of previous years Unexpended balance of special appropriations of previous years Unexpended balance of deposits in London of previous years Total $1,197,866.00 25,730.57 72,637.58 33,003.06 . 67433 $l,329,9n.54 Receipts which were accounted for and paid into the City Treasury for general municipal purposes during the year were as follows: From fines ..... From sales of waste paper . From sales of catalogs, etc. . From commission on telephone stations From payments for lost books . Refunds, fees, etc. .... Total $23,594.27 73.60 206.77 494.68 1,036.16 189.17 $25,594.65 EXPENDITURES OF THE LIBRARY The total amount expended during 1936 was $1 ,249,953.92. This was divided as follows: From city appropriation ......... $1,181,497.37 From deposits in London . From special appropriations From the income of trust funds 601.09 9,594.74 58.260.72  ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY The number of volumes added to the Library during the year was 54,620, obtained chiefly by purchase, but in some part by gift and exchange. The total number of volumes in the Library at the close of the year was 1 ,693,335. The total amount expended for books, periodicals, news- papers, photographs, and other library material from the city appropriation and from the trust funds income was $111 ,945.72. USE OF THE LIBRARY The home use of books for the year was 4,806,737. The use of library material within the Library's premises for reference and study is for the most part unrestricted, and it is therefore im- practicable to record it. In addition to the above noted use of the Central Library and the thirty-four Branch Libraries, deposits of books were made available to 231 agencies, including engine houses, institutions, and schools. COMPARATIVE STATISTICS. 1935 AND 1936 A comparison of certain statistics for 1 936 with those for 1 935 is noted below : 1935 1936 Total expenditures: city appropriation and trust funds income . . $1,189,553.34 . . . $1,249,953.92 Expended for books and other library material from city appropriation and trust funds income . . 123.023.62 . . . 119.945.72 Number of volumes added . . 74,623 . . . 54.620 Total number of volumes in the Library 1 .682,848 ... 1 ,693.335 Borrowed for home use . . . 4,947.701 . . . 4.806.737 Number of card holders . . . 179,064 . . . 176,982 BOOKS The effects of the economic depression have been more di- rectly noticeable in the appropriations for the purchase of books than in any other single item of the Library's budget. The amounts appropriated for this purpose during the last ten years are given below for comparative purposes: 1927 $125,000 1928 125,000 1929 140.000 1930 160.000 1931 175,000  1932 160,000 1933 75.000 1934 100.000 1935 100,000 1936 55,000 The trend of the last four years has been markedly accentu- ated in 1936 by the smallest appropriation over a long period of years considerably antedating the decade noted above. With minor exceptions the funds appropriated by the City for the purchase of books are not used for meeting the book needs of the Central Library ; the income from trust funds given for the purpose cares for these. Instead the city appropriation is de- voted almost exclusively to the purchase of books for the branch libraries, for the use of the citizens of Boston in their respective sections of the city. It is therefore upon the direct popular pub- lic service of the Library in its branch libraries that heavy re- ductions in book funds fall. So limited an appropriation as that of $55,000 for 1936 has meant that during the year the branch libraries have not been able to buy even enough books to replace those which were being worn out. In other words their book collections fell behind in this one year by a total of 9,091 volumes, just as in 1935 they fell behind by 5,335 volumes; whereas before the depression there was every year an average annual gain of some 20,000 volumes. BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT In the Central Library the end of the year 1936 found the crov/ding of the building appreciably greater than a year earlier. Shelving space had had to be found in the course of the year for a growth in the book collections of some 20,000 volumes, most of which were purchased from the income of trust funds. These volumes placed side by side required an additional half mile of shelving space. They represented only the ordinary annual growth of the book collections of the Central Library. It is increasingly clear that the Central Library building is be- coming filled to capacity, particularly in the book stack. Con- tinued study of the situation during the past year has revealed  that immediate relief is only to be obtained through a reallocation of departmental space. This cannot be effected, however, un- less some units now housed in the building are moved to quarters outside. In the budget estimates for 1937 there has therefore been included a sm.all item to provide for the rental of outside quarters for certain library activities whose nature is such that they can be carried on elsewhere without undue detriment to the service of the Library. Relief from overcrowding is a first requirement for the effect- ing of many needed improvements in the facilities of the public departments and in the working conditions and quarters of the library staff. Both are of prime importance to the services ren- dered by the Library to its readers. FEDERAL EMERGENCY RELIEF PROJECTS CARRIED ON UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE LIBRARY Under the auspices of the Federal Works Progress Adminis- tration there was continued during the year the long range pro- gram of activities preparatory to effecting a reclassification of the scholarly book collections of the Central Library on a modern classification scheme such as that of the Library of Congress. There was also continued the project for the cleaning of books throughout the entire library system. Several hundred individuals have been employed, their wages being provided by the Federal Government, and special provision for incidental expenses being made by the City. GIFTS The Library received many important gifts of books and other library material during the year. A list of the principal gifts is to be found in the Appendix on pages 45—47. TRUST FUNDS The following payments for the trust funds of the Library were received during the year: Francis A. Morse Library Fund — Bequest of Francis A. Morse, of West Roxbury, of $1000, of which the interest only is to be ex-  pended annually for the purchase of books for the West Roxbury Branch Library suitable for children of school age; Heloise E. Hersey Fund — Bequest of Heloise E. Hersey, of Bos- ton, in the amount of $3542, of which the interest is to be expended for the purchase of books, preferably those of recent issue that have real literary value; Horace G. Wadlin Fund — Bequest under the will of Ella F. Wad- lin, in the amount of $1725.84, to be added to the Horace G. Wadlin Fund, and the income used for the purchase of books. In addition to the above there were received during the year first and second payments in part satisfaction of the interests of the Trustees of the Public Library under the v^ill of Josiah H. Ben- ton. It is expected that the final settlement of the estate can be made in the course of the coming year, and that thereafter there can be made available for use the income of the Benton Build- ing Fund and of the Benton Book Fund. The Trustees welcome bequests of money and hope that gener- ous testators may remember the Library. It is from such sources only that they can make purchases of rare and other important books that give value and prestige to a great educational insti- tution such as the Library has become. As a matter of interest to the public the Board has pleasure in listing the present trust funds of the Library, with explanatory notes. The list will be found on pages 47-58. EXAMINING COMMITTEE The Trustees gratefully acknowledge the assistance given by the Examining Committee for 1936. Its membership included the following individuals: Mr. Philip R. Allen Mr. Charles D. Maginnis Mr- George Bramwell Baker Mrs. Bertha Mahony Miller Mr. Walter B. Briggs Mr. George R. Nutter Mr. Patrick T. Campbell Mrs. Elizabeth W. Perkins Mrs. William H. Dewart Hon. John F. Perkins Mr. Carl Dreyfus Mrs. Edward M. Pickman Mr. George Harold Edgell Hon. Abraham E. Pinanski Dr. Albert Ehrenfried Mr. Philip H. Rhinelander Miss Susan J. Ginn Mr. Charles M. Rogerson Mr. Chester Noyes Greenough Mr. Harlow Shapley Mr. M. A. De Wolfe Howe Mrs. Arthur A. Shurcliff Dr. Henry Jackson Mrs. Francis E. Slattery Mr. Herbert F. Jenkins Mr. Charles H. Taylor Mr. Henry Lewis Johnson Dr. Henry R. Viets Mrs. Frederick Winslow  It is gratifying to have the generous and helpful assistance of citizens who render such service. Special attention is called to the constructive report of the Committee as it appears on pages 14-22 immediately following. CONCLUSION Attention is called to the report of the Director of the Li- brary as found on pages 23-36 below. It presents the important needs and developments of the Library during the past year. The Trustees wish to express here their appreciation of the efforts of the library staff throughout the year to meet the needs of the public. Frank W. Buxton John L. Hall Louis E. Kirstein Robert H. Lord Ellery Sedgwick 8] BALANCE SHEET, RECEIPTS AND Dr. Central Library and Br.\nches: To Expenditures For: Permanent and probationary employees (ex- clusive of Printing and Binding Department employees) $759,368.82 Sunday and evening, extra and temporary em- ployees 96,831.73 To Service Other Than Personal Printing and binding Advertising Transportation of persons Cartage and freight Light and power Rent, taxes and wafer Surety, bond and insurance Communication Cleaning Removal of ashes Medical Expert ..... Stenographic, copying and ind Fees ..... Photographic and blueprinting General plant Miscellaneous services $856,200.55 25.80 20.50 1,823.38 6,965.36 18,482.58 18,286.50 377.73 4,207.34 1,334.24 13.90 29.00 607.42 945.83 7.20 167.05 13,832.02 46.80 67,172.65 To Expenditures for Equipment: -Machinery 186.61 Electrical . 1,008.68 Motoriess vehicles . 85.00 Furniture and fittings 2,170.84 Office .... • 3,957,31 Books: City appropriation $49,510.38 Trust funds income 45,791.16 95,301.54 Newspapers : City appropriation 972.58 7 rust funds income 1,927.66 2.900.24 Music: City appropriation 20.94 Trust funds income 1,691.34 1. 71228 Lantern slides: City appropriation 13.50 Periodicals: City appropriation 4,518.36 Trust funds income 7,431.05 11,949.41 Photographs: Trust funds income 68.75 Tools and instruments 1,024.32 Wearing apparel • 15.25 General plant 159.29 120.553.02 Canted forward . $1,043.92622 EXPENSES, DECEMBER, 31, 1936 Cr. By City AppROPRiATiON 1936 . . . . $1,197,866.00 By Income From Trust Funds .... 25,030.57 By Income From James L. "Whitney Biblio- graphic Account 700.00 $1,223,596.57 Carried forivarJ ...... $1,223,596.57  BALANCE SHEET. RECEIPTS AND Dr. Brought foTioard . $1,043,926.22 To Expenditures for Supplies: Office $8,600.87 Food 20.68 Fuel 19,584.20 Forage and animal ....... 4.40 Medical . 46.98 Laundry, cleaning, toilet ...... 2,345.75 Educational and recreational . . . . 5.60 Agricultural ........ 212.25 Chemicals and disinfectants ..... 72.05 General plant 2,956.59 33,849.37 To Expenditures for Material: Building 3,964.36 Electrical 2,917.10 General plant 2,327.51 9.208.97 To W. p. A. Library project .... 64,840.23 To Special Items: Pension 32.00 J. L. Whitney Bibliographic account . . . 688.00 Louis E. Kirstein Fund, for cataloging . . . 586.07 A. L. V/hitney Fund, for sick benefits . . . 642.00 1,948.07 To Binding Department: Salaries 60,158.73 Transportation of persons ..... .10 Gas 75.96 Repairs 217.14 Equipment ........ 38.43 Supplies ......... 6.50 Machinery material ...... 3.62 Electrical material ....... 1 .72 Stock 6,921.62 Outside work 7.60 67,431.42 To Printing Department: Salaries 14,428.76 Gas 50.64 Communication ....... 1 .23 Repairs 618.34 Equipment ........ 526.53 Supplies 39.34 Stock 3,421.09 Outside work ........ 13.25 Miscellaneous services ...... 26.54 Machinery material 29.18 19.154.90 To Special Appropriation: Fiveprooflng, improvements, etc. .... 5,555.96 Branch Libraries, establishment of . . . 1 ,597.40 Central Library Building, foundation im- provements, etc. ...... 2,441.38 Judaica Bookshelf 6.83 9,601.57 Carried lor^ard $1,249,960.75 [Ml EXPENSES, DECEMBER, 31. 1936 Cr. Brought forward ^ . $1,223,596.57 By Balances Brought Forward From 1935: Trust funds income, City Treasury .... $70,088.85 Trust funds income on deposit in London . . . 565.61 City appropriation on deposit m London ... 1 08.72 James L. Whitney Bibliographic account . . . 2,548.73 Central Library Building, Fireproofing, Im- provements, etc. . . . . . . 11 ,657.40 Central Library Building, Foundations, Im- provements, etc. 19,747.96 Branch Libraries, Establishment of . . . . 1,597.70 H. C. Bentley Gift 220.38 Judaica Bookshelf 166.00 106,701.35 \ Carried forxoard $1,330,297.92 2] BALANCE SHEET. RECEIPTS AND Dr. Brought forward To Amount Paid Into City Treasury: Fines ..... Sales of catalogues, bulletins . Commission on telephone stations Payments for lost books Refunds, fees, etc. Sales of waste paper To Balance, December 31, 1936: Trust funds Income on deposit in London City appropriation on deposit in London Trust Funds Income, City Treasury James L. Whitney Biblioraphic account H. C. Bentley Gift Judaica Bookshelf ...... To Balance Unexpended, December 31, 1936: General appropriation ..... Central Library Building, Fireproofing . $23,594.27 206.77 494.68 1,036.16 189.17 73.60 .30 72.94 37,546.70 2.560.73 220.38 159.17 16,368.63 23,408.32 $1,249,960.75 25,594.65 40,560.22 39,776.95 $1,355,892.57  EXPENSES, DECEMBER, 31, 1936 Cr. Brought forward By Receipts: Fines ..... Sales of catalogues, bulletins and lists Commission on telephone stations Payments for lost books Refunds, fees, etc. . Sales of waste paper $1,330,297.92 ^23,594.27 206.77 494.68 1,036.16 189.17 73.60 25,594.65 1,355.892.57  REPORT OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE To The Trustees of the Public Library OF THE City of Boston. Gentlemen: — The Examining Committee for the year 1936 respectfully submits this report The Committee met for organization in June. At that meet- ing the work of the Committee was planned and outlined and immediately thereafter the Sub-Committees were appointed. The reports of the Sub-Committees were submitted in November. As the complete reports of the various Sub-Committees are on file with the Library this report will be confined to the matters which we believe to be of the most importance. The Committee wishes to express its appreciation of the hearty co-operation of the Director and the staff of the Library, both the Central Library and all of the Branches. If our report seems largely suggestion and criticism it is not that we have overlooked the excellent work which is being quietly and effectively carried on but that our space is limited, BOOKS The acquisition and possession of books available for use by the public is the primary purpose for which the Library is main- tained. We are increasingly alarmed by the continued depletion of the books of the Library by small appropriations for the pur- chase of books and by the continued loss of books by theft. In addition to what has been said by the Examining Committees of the last few years we feel that it is imperative that we should point out the extent of the damage already done and the danger that yet more damage will be done unless prompt and effective sup- port be given by way of larger appropriations and the checking of the drain caused by theft. The total appropriation by the City for the Library for the year 1936 was $1,197,866, an increase of about $26,000 over 1935, constituting the largest total since 1931 when the  Library- received $1,262,504. At the same time and notsvith- standing the increase in the total appropriation the appropriation for the purchase of books has been greatly and dangerously re- duced. The $55,000 allowed for that purpose this year is slightly more than one-half the $100,000 allowed last year and less than one-third of the $175,000 allowed in 1931. From 1926—1931 the amount allowed for the purchase of books va- ried from 13% to 16.7% of the total appropriation. From 1933-1935 it am.ounted to between 9% and 9.8% of the total. In 1936 it was slightly over 5%. During this depression there has been no cut in personnel and none of the branch libraries has been closed. If the Library's mission is to furnish books, and of course we believe it is, it Ccin- not be carried out by maintaining library buildings and staffs and neglecting to provide books. The money appropriated for the purchase of books is not used merely to expand the Li- brary. In normal times it is estimated that approximately 60% is used merely to replace books that have been worn out or other- wise rendered unavailable. The report of the Director for 1935 points out that although 57,354 books had to be discarded from branch libraries it was possible to add only 52,019 to take their places, thus falling short 5,335 volumes. Many of the other cities, during good times, received very much larger appro- priations than did Boston and as a result entered the depression in better condition. The decreased appropriation for books in 1936 makes it impossible even to replace worn out or dis- carded books. This is particularly serious owing to the great increase in circulation and use of books during the first years of the depression, involving necessarily increased wear and tear on the books themselves. It takes no great effort of the imagin- ation to see into what a precarious condition ihe Library will rapidly fall unless the budget for books is at least doubled and so maintained. The num.ber of books borrowed for home use although greater than prior to the depression has steadily decreased dur- ing the last three years. It is generally agreed that one of the principal reasons is that the books the borrowers desire are no  longer available. Those books which have worn out through use and have not been replaced are the very books most in de- mand. The chief brunt of this decrease in books falls upon the branch libraries. The income of such trust funds as the Library possesses is, with some few exceptions, restricted to special types of books, such as scholarly or reference works, or works on special topics which are for the most part associated with the activities of the Central Library, leaving the branch libraries dependent almost wholly on city funds. The branch libraries, however, account for by far the greater part of the total circu- lation of books, supplying chiefly books of popular and general interest and books for use by children in connection with school work. It is the general public and the school children who suf- fer most from any reduction in the appropriation for books. In this connection it is interesting to note that only one branch appears to have escaped this great dearth of books, namely Charlestown, where three small trust funds for the purchase of books have supplied the needed and desired books. Would it not be wise to excite more local interest in the local branch li- braries? Such an interest working in co-operation with the Li- brary should ascertain quickly the local desires and needs, in- crease the usefulness and value of the library and perhaps lead some public spirited citizens to do for their local branches what has been done for Charlestown. LOST BOOKS It is impossible to separate the problem of lost books from the problem of more adequate purchase and replacement of books. Annually there are lost from the Library enough books to stock a new branch library. The rate of loss is such that for every four new books bought one good book is stolen. Through 1 935 this rate of loss was increasing. The average loss from the 33 branch libraries from 1926-1935 was 1 1,402 books a year. For 1935 1 2,769 books were lost, 1 ,31 7 more than the average for the 1 year period. During that period the average loss for the first 5 years was 10,743 books a year and for the last 5 years 12,162 books a year. This means that for each library day throughout the year for each of the 33 branches 1 1/^ books were lost.  We are glad to note that in 1 936 there have begun to become evident the results of the increased efforts on the part of the library authorities to curb this great loss. The annual checking of losses conducted during the summer of 1936 showed that the total figure of missing volumes for 1936 was 1 1 ,199 as compared with 12,769 in 1935. This 1936 figure while below the average of 1 1,402 for the preceding 10 year period 1926-1935 is yet substantially above the figure for the first 5 years of that period. We hope that the continuation of these efforts will bring about a continued decrease in the rate of loss. A high percentage of the books stolen each year were either known to be on school reading lists and disappeared when school and college pupils needed them, or were juvenile books not like- ly to attract adult thieves. This throws suspicion on children. Most of the thieves who have been caught were either under 20 years of age or admitted that they began to steal library books before they left school. It is thus clear that the prevention of book thievery must begin Vv^ith school pupils. A plan has already been formulated for closer co-operation with the schools, and for the enlistment of the interest of both teachers and pupils in greater care in the circulation of books, thus putting the responsibility upon the children themselves. The basis of this plan is educational and character building. It should be successful. USE OF THE LIBRARY The extent to v/hich the Library is used is indicated by the following figures: The total number of volumes in the Library collection is 1,682,000 of which 1,168,000 are in the central library and 497,300 are in the 33 branches. The circulation of books last year was but little short of 5,000,000, of v/hich 12% was circulation from the central library collection, and 88% from the collection in the branches. We are glad to note that the administrative headquarters recommended in previous reports has been set up in the Abbey Room, with experienced supervisors always present to advise and to deal with difficult reference questions, and to assist ma- [»»1 ;'^''::; nar «lo *fc : nw Bsl" ibr ..:._._ ^ •; : JC7 c . — ^ . - _,.-,-._ ^ . . ;V -J^'V^, : Tajy are ^ : ;- i ■ : : i : i r :- 1 : --SZ__-_77. -. ■ \-.z -i~:t-^:z -.: ;- _ ::^ .,.,,., , --■-'-' ■ '' - : . ^ - . - - ^ \ ,-.---, •r::--i- : i: . - \ . . . - - - ■ : - -- i It : \- z I :rjr-. t- : -.-:";-:" \ ■ : --; ^' - : - - L ■ : r - :■ . ' ^ =- ' ^ '. ' - - '-'.. \^:.z . - - - ■- -. . V \ OVERCROVDINC OF CENTRAL UBRARY The wifcij, of the Ccatral libiaiy baUbg and ibe dtt- »ladi aiBc tfaenfraai hsve beat stated aad "■iJ'-*"^**^ bgr ne Deectar aad joic E^xaaBBg CoBMHltee is pvevioas jcais. Tbe aeed for irallnratioa of die jpace m die Ccatiai [191 Library building in the near future has become imperative, if not acute. We invite attention to the valuable suggestions and recommendations of previous Committees and the Director, and particularly urge upon you the suggestion that space be found elsewhere for certain of the Library's activities. ( 1 ) The Newspaper Room for the daily reading of current news- papers is now located on the ground floor immediately next to the main entrance. We believe that it could be removed from the Cen- tral Library building to some other central location without inter- ference or detriment to its own usefulness or the general work of the Library. Such a change would release substantial space that is urgently required by the Reference Division. (2) It is our considered judgment that the Central Department for Branch Libraries now located in the Central Library could be housed elsewhere without impairing the efficiency of its activities. "It is a unit that is for the most part self-sufficient, with its group of clearly related activities, and with its large reservoir of books for supplementing the collections of individual branch libraries." We, therefore, urge its removal from the Central Library building to some central location in the City. Even a casual examination revealed the particularly unde- sirable situation which has developed whereby large areas of "the book stack have had to be left open to all who come and go." Efficiency of administration dictates that such a situation must be corrected as early as possible. We can only repeat that which has been said on many prior occasions that the toilet facilities, locker space, rest rooms, lunch rooms, training course classrooms and the staff library are in- adequate and unsatisfactory for the health and comfort of the staff. SPECIAL LIBRARIES The problem of the special libraries is tied up definitely with the problem of reallocation of space within the Central Library building. In comparison with the problem of reorganization sug- gested in this report and in the Annual Report of the Director for 1 935 the minor suggestions set forth below are of subordinate importance. (a) Rare Book Department. More space is needed. Special collections are crowded together and some have not even been cata-  loged. A number of important books need repair and attention to their fine bindings. Where certain items are wanting a list of those desired might be published in the Bulletin. Arrangements should be made for exhibition of interesting items in places other than the Treasure Room, such as in the recesses on either side of the main entrance hall, in the Sargent Hail, and possibly in the so-called Venetian Alcove on the second floor. This would tend to decrease the woeful lack of knowledge of the rarer books in the Library on the part of the general public, and might lead to increasing our collections. (b) Business Branch. This is still overcrowded and needs the use of the third floor now used by other departments. (c) Fine Arts Department. Unfortunately housed in an un- suitable part of the Library, this department has long suffered on account of its location. The valuable collection has never been adequately used nor can it be so used in its present state. It should be separately housed wdth its own exhibition rooms entirely under its own control. (d) Technology Department. It shares its space with Fine Arts, and, likewise, is unfortunately placed. It is very crowded. Its books are widely scattered. It should be more closely connected with the Patent Department. (e) Patent Department. It is too far away from the Technology Department, and poorly located. Certain of its books, seldom called for, could be redistributed, and Colonial newspapers might be sent to Rare Books Vv'here they rightfully belong. (/) Statistical Department. This is really a department of docu- ments and might be moved and expanded somewhat into a depart- ment of documents and social science. It has a very valuable col- lection of parliamentary reports, not as widely known as they might be. (g) Teachers Department. The Adams Collection, having no connection with this department, should be removed, and other books used by the readers substituted. (h) Music Department. Sound proof rooms in which the music and phonograph records of this very valuable collection could be used should ultimately be provided. CATALOGING The system of cataloging is eminently satisfactory, and is of the greatest assistance to the patrons. There are bound to be inevitable lacunae, even in the Utopian Library, but the courte-  ous and efficient help of the staff seems to rectify all that is necessary. The classification, however, is a very different matter. The consummation, devoutly wished for many years, is the Library of Congress Classification, (i.e. its system and its cards), and it seems to be well under way, very much aided by Federal Emergency Funds. These funds and the workers should be oi untold value under adequate supervision from the authorities of the Library. BRANCH LIBFLA.RIES This year, as heretofore, the branches suffer in some instances from inadequate lighting, worn-out or noisy floor coverings, poor ventilation, too few new books both fiction and non-fiction, and the problem of missing books. We can add little to what previous committees have already said. The v/ithdrav/al of uniformed policemen from library duty is most regrettable and raises the problem of adequate protection at many of the branches, particularly those in the congested areas, during the evening hours. We urge upon the Trustees the desirability of solving this problem as early as may be. CONCLUSION We are aware that much if not all we have said in this report is already known and appreciated by the Trustees and by the Director, and that they are giving thought and attention to the problems and development of the Library. We hope that by our discussion of these things we may contribute to a better under- standing of the needs of the Library and of the responsibilities which use of the Library by the public entails.  Adopted as the report of the Examining Committee, No- vember 23, 1936. Charles M. Rogerson, Vice Chairman Philip R. Allen George Bramwell Baker Walter B. Briggs Patrick T. Campbell Elizabeth H. Dewart Carl Dreyfus Albert Ehr en fried Susan J. Ginn Chester Noyes Greenough M. A. DeWolfe Howe Henry Jackson Herbert F. Jenkins Henry Lewis Johnson Mary W. Winslow Carl T. Keller Charles D. Maginnis Bertha Mahony Miller Elizabeth W. Perkins John F. Perkins Hester Pickman Abraham E. Pinanski Philip H. Rhinelander Harlow Shapley Margaret H. Shurcliff Lillian C. Slattery Charles H. Taylor Henry R. Viets  REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR To THE Trustees of the Public Library OF THE City of Boston : I submit herewith the report of the Director of the Library for the year ending December 31,1 936. EFFECTS OF THE ECONOMIC DEPRESSION For the Library the year was in most respects still one more reflecting depressed economic conditions. Appropriations re- mained below the pre-depression level. In one instance — that for the purchase of books — the appropriation was reduced to the lowest figure in nearly twenty years. Books and facilities continued to be used in the notably in- creased fashion which had prevailed since the beginning of the depression in 1929, though not in 1936, as also in 1934 and 1935, to the sam.e high degree as at the height of the depression. This retardation in use is probably attributable to a single factor more than to any one other, namely, the inability to buy books to replace those worn out through the heavy depression use. As a result in 1936 nearly 10,000 more books were worn out in the branch libraries than could be replaced by purchase. Continued heavy demands v/ere m.ade upon the Library in sponsoring and carrying out work projects for the relief of the unemployed, under the auspices of the Works Progress Admin- istration of the federal government. These were of a nature to be of lasting benefit to the Library. APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE LIBRARY The City appropriated for the use of the Library during 1 936 the sum of $1,197,866. This was $26,151 greater than the amount appropriated in 1935. The total appropriation included an amount of $88,872 for the necessary expenditures incidental to the unemployment re- lief projects which the Library sponsored on behalf of the City.  By excluding this amount for extraordinary expenditures the ap- propriation for the ordinary operating expenditures of the Li- brary v/as $1 ,108,994. This v/as $37,621 less than the amount appropriated for the ordinary operating expenditures in 1935. The appropriation for the purchase of books was $55,000, the lovvest figure since 1919. Its inadequacy is indicated by the following table, setting forth the heavily increased use of the Library during the decade preceding 1 936 : AMOUNT APPROPRIATED NO. OF BOOKS YEAR FOR THE LENT FOR PURCHASE OF EOOK.S HOME USE 1926 .... $125,000 3,499,137 1927 125,000 3,705,657 1928 125,000 3,899,286 1929 140,000 3,930,068 1930 160,000 4.133,459 1931 1 75.000 4,702.932 1932 160,000 5.567,681 1933 75,000 5,548,283 1934 100,000 5,194,351 1935 100,000 4,949,701 1936 55,000 4,806,737 In later sections of this report the need of additional provision for the pure has« ;of boo cs is presented in ( ieta il. USE OF THE LIBI^RY During 1936 there were borrowed for home reading 4,806,737 volumes. This figure represents an increase of slightly m.ore than 22% over that for 1929, the last of the pre- depression years. The following table shows the increased use of the Library during seven years of economic depression, 1930—1936, in- clusive : 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 NO. OF BOOKS LENT FOR HOME USE 3,930.068 4,133,459 4,702,932 5,567,681 5,548,283 5,194,351 4,949,701 4,806,737 PERCENTAGE OF PERCENTAGE OF INCREASE OR DECREASE INCREASE OVER PRECEDING YEAR OVER 1929 + 5% +13% +18% -0.3% -6% - 5% -2.9% + 5% +20% +42% +41% +32% +26% +22%  It is clear from these figures that a peak of increased use was reached in 1932 and in 1933, that since then there has occurred a retardation in use. It is of course entirely proper to ascribe such a change in trend to an improvement in economic conditions, hewer individuals are unemployed; consequently fewer have abundant time tor books and reading; therefore fewer books are borrowed from the public library. As encouraging an indication of economic improvement as all of this may be, there has been at the same time another factor which, in negative fashion, has contributed to the same result. That has been a lack of books. The Library has not had funds to replace those books worn out through heavy use in the preceding years of the depression. The specific effects upon library use following from diminish- ing unemployment cannot be easily demonstrated. Reliable figures are not available for the purpose. On the other hand, it seems possible, from the experience of the Library in 1 936, to indicate a correlation between a declining library use and a dim.- inishing supply of books. For instance, the number of books lent from the central library for home use in 1936 increased by 2.6% over the number lent in 1935, whereas the num.ber lent from the branch libraries in 1936 decreased by 3.9% from 1935. In 1 936 it was possible to spend for the central library, chiefly from the current and accumulated income of trust funds, appreciably the same amount for the purchase of books as in 1935. For the branch libraries the amount which was available in 1936, be- cause of the greatly reduced appropriation by the City for the purpose, was approximately 36% less than in 1935. In other words, then, for the central library the same amount was spent for books in 1936 as in 1935, and the number of books lent in- creased; for the branch libraries the amount spent in 1936 was markedl}- less than in 1935, and the number of books lent de- creased. If the Library had had from the City in 1 936 an appropria- tion for the purchase of books equivalent even approximately to that in 1935 (the appropriation in 1935 was $100,000, in 1936 $55,000), it might reasonably have expected to avoid a de- crease in the lending of books from the branch libraries. Indeed it might well have been able to bring about even an increase.  THE NEED OF BOOKS For several years now the book stock in the branch hbraries has been experiencing unusually heavy use arising out of the in- creased requirements of the depression period. The demands for books have surpassed the possibilities for supplying them. As a result they have been, and are being, worn out faster than they can be replaced, particularly since book funds have been greatly reduced. For example, in 1935 the branch libraries had to discard as worn out 5,335 volumes more than they could add, and again in 1936 they fell short by 9,091 volumes. In other words, in 1935 they discarded 57,354 books and added only 52,019; in 1936, they discarded 42,151 volumes as com- pared with only 33,060 added. It is precisely here that the crux of the situation lies. Prior to the depression and through 1932, up to 60% of the total amount appropriated each year for the purchase of books was used for the replacement of volumes worn out. Since 1932 greatly reduced appropriations have limited the proportion available for replacements. For example, in 1936 only 19% could be made available. The results upon purchasing replace- ment copies are easily to be seen by the simple operation of comparing 60% of $160,000, the appropriation for books in 1932, with 19% of $55,000, the appropriation in 1936. To- day there are literally thousands of volumes which have been worn out, or are fast becoming so, and are av/aiting replace- ment. For the most part they are the books which have been tried over the years, those continually needed by the general public and school children alike. Their very value is attested by the fact that they have been used heavily enough to wear out. Under such conditions there cannot be avoided a decrease in the use of books. The branch libraries suffer especially in this respect. For book funds they are dependent almost wholly upon the appropriation v.hich the City makes to the Library for the purchase of library books. Of this practically none is given over to buying books for the central library in Copley Square; for that there is used largely the income of trust funds which  have been given specifically for the purpose and are thus not available for any other use. When then the city appropriation is reduced drastically, as in 1936 to the lowest figure in nearly twenty years, it affects immediately the branch libraries, which serve the general public and the school children in their respective sections of the city. Here lies a particularly discouraging aspect of the situation. The economic depression brought to the public library individu- als who had been previously only potential readers and who now became active users of books. Their desire for reading once stirred they could in appreciable numbers be expected to con- tinue as readers, in any case so long as their appetites in this re- spect could be satisfied. Gradually, however, the books most desired by them became worn out through heavy use, or if cur- rent books they could not be made available because of lack of funds for purchasing them. Today, as a result, very many in- dividuals can no longer find in the public library books to satisfy their desires. From active readers they are being, or have been, forced back to become merely potential readers. Nearly a century ago the founders of the Boston Public Li- brary adopted a concept, entirely new at the time, which was to constitute a significant contribution to American library history. In addition to developing scholarly library collections for the relative few, in accordance with the prevailing library tradition of the time, they proposed to go further. They purposed to provide the books which people want to read, while they are nev/, and in as many copies as desired. Questionable as it may have seemed at the time, this concept has become one of the fundamental guiding principles in the development of the pub- lic library into the accepted American institution which it is today. Of all cities, therefore, the City of Boston has reason to bear in memory an enlightened past and to show itself as ready now as heretofore to make generous and adequate provision for the book needs of its citizens. It might well do so also, if for no other cause, for the simple reason that today as a result of economic and social conditions a group of readers both po- tential and actual, has come into being which is larger than ever before. It is a day when emphasis is being laid particularly upon  adult education. Yet, in 1 936, the Boston Public Library lent to adults nearly 140,000 fewer volumes than in 1935 (as com- pared with a decrease of approximately only 2,000 to children). Without an adequate supply of books neither adults nor children will, of course, persist indefinitely as readers. Books they must have, old and new, if the reading habit is to persist. It avails little to maintain library buildings and library staffs if there are not supplied also the very books to promote whose use these things are themselves provided. Certainly no rail- road would spend appreciably large sums for keeping locomotives and cars in running condition and providing train crews and personnel and then fail to provide the steam or other force necessary to make its trains go. In summary, the Library finished the year 1936 lending 22% more books than in 1929, the last of the pre-depression years. Its appropriation for the purchase of books, hov^^ever, was 61 % less in 1 936 than in 1 929. To catch up with these arrears — particularly in replacing worn out books, and then to proceed to build up the books collections to an adequate level — use could be made to advantage for several years to come of a mini- mum annual amount of at least $150,000. THE MISUSE OF BOOKS With the need of books becoming more and more acute, the Library has striven constantly throughout the year to exert every effort in its campaign against the m.isuse of books. This was described in detail in last year's report. As indicated there, the misuse of library materials and facilities occurs alike in the central library and the branch libraries. In the former the prob- lem is not easily controllable, because crowded physical facilities prevent adequate action for improvement, particularly in the book stack. In the branch libraries, on the other hand, the prob- lem is presented more directly and in terms somewhat simpler. It is there that the heaviest demand for books for home use oc- curs; also it is only in the branches that open shelves are to be found to an appreciable extent.  In approaching the problem, attention has been given first to the books which have to be reported each year as "unrecover- able" — that is, books which borrowers fail to return when due. It is known specifically which these are and to whom they are charged. For 1934 the branch libraries had had 2262 such "unrecoverable" volumes. By careful investigation of each in- dividual case as it came up during 1 935, the number of "un- recoverables" for that year was reduced to 1 399, a decrease of 38% from the number in 1934. A continuation of these efforts brought the number for 1936 down to 953, a decrease of 32% from 1935. In other words, the efforts of the past two years have resulted in decreasing by 58% the number of books which the branch libraries have to report annually as "unrecoverable" from borrowers. In the case of books which disappear by theft from the open shelves, the approach cannot be so direct. Here there is gener- ally not available much in the way of definite evidence from which to start. Some aid is, of course, forthcoming from in- formation gained in the handling of cases of "unrecoverables '. For example, in 1 935 sixty-seven, and in 1 936 fifty-five, serious cases of stealing, forgery, or mutilation were solved from infor- m.ation obtained in large part in this fashion. From clues so gained, by independent investigations, by observation of suspect- ed delinquents while on library premises, by ever alert attention on the part of the library staff, it proved possible during 1936 to decrease the number of these books which disappear by theft. For 1935 the branch libraries reported 12,769 volumes as so missing. For 1936 the number was reduced to 11,012, a de- crease of 14% from the number which disappeared in 1935. These efforts will, of course, be continued. In the matter of books "unrecoverable" from borrowers, possibly as much has been done as can be by human care and attention alone. By the introduction of mechanical means of registering and identi- fying borrowers, and of charging and discharging books, through utilizing recording and charging machines, it is probable that the number of books "unrecoverable" each year can be reduced to perhaps one half of the present figure. There will always be.  however, an irreducible minimum of 300 to 400 volumes so lost, caused by the removal of borrowers from the city, the inability of citizens to pay for the replacement of books which they have lost, and similar naturally unavoidable circumstances. Yet the 1936 rate of loss at 953 is not a bad record in itself. It is a loss of only one fortieth of 1 % of a total of over 4,000,000 volumes lent in the course of the year. In the matter of reducing the number of books disappearing each year by theft, there has as yet been made only a begining. It is hoped that the 14% reduction in 1936 indicates a turning in the tide of such annual losses. Every effort is being exerted to reducing thieving, by detection and by prevention alike. As instances are detected, each case is carefully investigated and prepared, even though this may require several days, and a for- mal personal hearing is held. If necessary the case is taken into the courts. The solving of cases takes much time, of course, but it is believed to be worth while to carry each one through to a conclusion. Successful solution has generally the effect of preventing the individuals concerned from injuring the Library further. It frequently serves also to deter their friends and ac- quaintances from similarly offending, through making them aware of the penalties attached to such action. Much thought and attention is being given also to possibilities of prevention of thieving. In the latter months of the year a plan was worked out for close cooperation with the public schools. This aims at the enlistment of interest on the part of school children in in- creased care in the use of books. It is believed that responsibility in this respect can be instilled in the young people while they are still in their formative period. The plan will be put into effect only experimentally at first. Perhaps much may be expected from it and from similar approaches in the long run. In any case relief from book thieving is in the final instance probably to be obtained only by building up in the minds of the people of Boston a recognition that the resources of the Boston Public Li- brary are intended for the benefit and enjoyment of all, and not for abuse by the few.  UNEMPLOYMENT RELIEF PROJECTS The Library continued during 1936 to assume a share, together with other departments of the city government, in plan- ning, sponsoring, and carrying out work projects for the unem- ployed, under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration of the federal government. All of the projects which have been sponsored by the Libary have been planned as related steps in a long range program de- signed to bring about the eventual development along modern lines of certain of the Library's processes in which improvement has long been desired. Those carried on during 1936 were largely preparatory to initiating a reclassification of the scholarly book collections of the central library on a modern classification scheme such as that of the Library of Congress. Much preparation is, of course, necessary for so extensive an undertaking. This is particularly true as to the training of per- sonnel. Among the unemployed there are few individuals who have had library training or experience. There are, however, manj' among them who can be trained to the routine processes, many of which are clerical or mechanical in nature, with the dif- ficult and technical work of classification being left to trained library workers. The finding and training and organization of such a personnel, particularly in the upper levels, proved to be the main problem of the year. Difficulties of an administrative nature complicated the task for many m.onths. With the resol- ution of these in favor of the Library in the latter part of the year, it was finally possible to proceed with the selection and training of personnel along the necessary lines. In the mean- time a number of preparatory undertakings were carried on by the existing personnel. Notable among these was the arrang- ing and checking of a depository set of Library of Congress cata- log cards, transfered from the Massachusetts State Library to the Boston Public Library at the suggestion of the Librarian of Congress and through the cooperation of the State Library. There was also carried on during the year the project for the cleaning of books throughout the library system. These projects provided work for a number of individuals ranging from seven hundred to one thousand at various parts of  the year. The cost of personnel was borne by the federal gov- ernment as part of its program for the relief of the unemployed. The contribution on the part of the Library was that of directing the work, together with providing supplies and materials and renting space and equipment, for which purpose a special ap- propriation was made by the City. All of these activities are clearly to the interest of the Library. It should be pointed out, however, that their direction places a considerable responsibility and burden upon many members of the library staff, quite in addition to their regular established duties. At no time during the year has the number of relief workers been less than seven hundred, and most of the time it has been considerably larger, ranging up to one thousand and over. This constitutes a body of workers considerably greater than the regular staff of the Library, which itself numbers slightly under six hundred. The added responsibility for these individuals and their work has been carried on by the regular administrative staff of the Library, with but a single additional aide, namely, an expert adviser on the classification of the Li- brary of Congress. BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT In last year's report the crowding of the Central Library building was described in detail. For 1936 there is little to re- port other than that the situation has in the meantime been made more acute by the growth of the book collections by nearly 20,000 volumes in the last twelve months. Such an addition represents only the ordinary annual growth in the Central Library collections. Placed side by side on the shelves those volumes required an additional half mile of shelv- ing space. In this connection it is of interest to note that when the Central Library building was first occupied in 1 895 the vol- umes housed therein occupied eleven m.iles of shelf space; ia 1 936 they stretched over the shelves for twenty-eight miles. This is the same as saying that today, if stood upon end and pi -iced side by side in one long line (averaging eight volumes to the foot) , that line would reach from Boston to Lowell. It requires little stretch of the imagination, then, to picture how acute the  situation is becoming when each year there is having to be found space to house an acHitional hall: mile of books in a building m which the shelves a/e already filled to capacity. Immediate relief from the overcrowding can apparently be obtained only through a reallocation of departmental space. This cannot be effected, however, unless some units now housed in the building are moved to quarters outside. It is urgently hoped, therefore, that provision can be made in the annual appropria- tions to the Library for the small amount necessary for the rental of outside quarters into which to m.ove a number of library ac- tivities whose nature is such that they can be carried on else- where quite as well as in the Central Library building. The re- lief thus obtained will m.ake possible the effecting of many need- ed improvements in the facilities of the public departments and in the working conditions and quarters of the library staff. Both are of prime importance to the service rendered by the Library to its readers. For the branch libraries it has been possible for several years to do nothing more than to attempt to m.aintain the buildings in as adequate fashion as limited appropriations have permitted. In one or two instances even important repairs have had to be postponed. They cannot be allowed to go without attention in- definitely without serious difficulties arising. It is to be hoped that appropriations may permit action in the very near future. TRAINING OF PERSONNEL The extensive and wide program of training courses v/hich was instituted in 1933 for all full-time members of the library staff continued into its third academic year in October 1935. During the academic year 1935-36 there w'ere 194 members of the staff enrolled in thirteen full courses (three terms of ten weeks each) and two one-term courses. These individuals took 207 courses, of which 1 54 were com.pleted satisfactorily. This enrollment of 194 individuals taking a total of 207 courses is to be compared with 192 persons taking 260 courses in 1934— 35, and 261 individuals taking 268 courses in 1933—34. Over the three years 405 different persons have enrolled. The per- centage of courses passed was 1A% in 1935-36, 83% in 1934- 35. and 77% in 1933-34.  It was believed that the large enrollment in 1933-34 would not continue beyond that year. That it would sustain itself for a second and a third year at so high a level was hardly to be ex- pected. It would have been in many ways just as v/eli if it had not, for it is no small task for a library to engage in offering for- mal training to so large a number of individuals. That is really the province of the library schools and other training agencies, not of individual libraries. With the passing of time, hov/ever, it should not be necessary for the Boston Public Library to engage so extensively in the training field. Eventually it should be able to limit its formal training offerings to fields which are not cov- ered in the colleges and universities and library schools. More and more of its staff should be recruited from individuals who have had study and training in those formal educational institu- tions, particularly in the graduate and professional levels. In last year's report the hope was expressed that during 1 936 there could be finally completed the plans for putting into effect the new program, of qualifying and promotional examinations for which the Library's training courses were originally conceived as affording aid and preparation. Provision would be made thereby for Entrance Examinations for individuals wishing to enter the library service. Qualifying Examinations for proba- tionary assistants who are candidates for appointment to the permanent ser/ice, and Promotional Examinations for assistants in the permanent service who wish to qualify for promotion and possibilities of increased remuneration. By these means there would be provided a basis upon which to achieve an improved classification of the Library's personnel; also definite "steps" with which a system of "step rate increases in pay" could be easily articulated. It became increasingly clear, however, as the Library's appropriations suffered reductions progressively throughout the first half of the year, that little could be done effectively in this respect until there should be forthcoming from the City the funds necessary for granting step rate increases in pay upon an adequate basis. The efforts of the year were there- fore concentrated largely upon presenting the need of increased remuneration for members of the library staff, to the end that improved appropriations might become available in 1937 and the new classification of personnel and the new examinations then be put into effect.  PERSONNEL CHANGES The following appointments to titular positions were made during the year: Francis J. Hannigan, to be Supervisor of Gen- eral Reference Departments; Edward H. Redstone, to be Su- pervisor of Special Reference Departments; John H. Reardon, to be Deputy Supervisor of General Reference Departments, and Chief of the Information Department; Frank N. Jones, to be Deputy Supervisor of Special Reference Departments, and Chief of the Science and Technology Department; Mary A. C. Kavin, to be Branch Librarian, Tyler Street Branch Library; and James P. Mooers, to be Chief of the Binding Department. The following resignation from a titular position occurred: Louis F. Ranlett, Chief of the Book Selection Department, to become Librarian of the Bangor Public Library. Under the provisions of the Boston Retirement Act the fol- lowing individuals retired from the library service: Agnes C. Doyle, Assistant in Charge, Genealogy Department, after 52 years service; Katherine F. Albert, Branch Librarian, Jamaica Plain Branch Library, after 44 years service; and Nils J. Her- land, First Assistant Engineer, after 4 1 years service. As of the date of her retirement the honorary title of Branch Librarian, Emeritus was bestowed upon Katherine F. Albert. By death the Library lost the services of Pierce E. Buckley, Supervisor of General Reference Departments, and Assistant Librarian. For over 45 years Mr. Buckley served the Library invaluably in many and varying capacities. CONCLUSION If this report seems to have been concerned largely with the need of increased appropriations for buying books, for improv- ing the remuneration of the library staff, for obtaining relief from the crowding of the Central Libraiy building, it is only because these are all directions in which action is urgently needed if the Library is to function effectively. At the same time it is not to be overlooked that a host of activities have been carried on which are in themselves of great interest and value. Some of these are indicated in the Appendix to this Report. Others do not ap- pear in the written record ; they are, however, known at first hand [361 to countless users of the Library who have profited from them. To the members of the library staff the Director is deeply ap- preciative of constant aid and cooperation in carrying on the work of the Library. For them and for himself he extends to the Trustees grateful thanks for their ever friendly support and interest. Respectfully submitted, Milton E. Lord Director, and Librarian  APPENDIX COMPARATIVE CIRCULATION STATISTICS 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 Central Library 728,656 777,666 793.121 756.018 737,396 757,363 Business Branch 13,193 16,604 17,614 18,410 17,921 17,822 Branch Libraries: Allston 137.709 175,054 192,331 186.413 182,203 172,835 Andrew Square 128,337 155.574 145.801 138.638 130,777 127,827 Boyiston 94,306 147,862 143,764 138,595 137,179 138,532 Brighton 121,032 139.276 147.666 134,388 130,741 121,152 Charlestov/n 119,637 136,845 144.676 127,866 117.525 116.034 City Point 122,619 1 55.492 1 50,036 144,762 140,006 129,289 Codman Square 186,386 216.780 199,786 185,451 168,412 164,553 Dorchester 115,810 137.018 140.344 132,104 135,82! 137.759 East Boston 180,859 218.072 214,769 188,819 161,227 1 50,340 Faneuil 90,424 120,007 130,252 138,234 138,561 133,787 Fellowes Athea. 93,970 114.937 109,077 98,118 89,857 91,436 Hyde Park 127,888 1 54,838 149,875 144,011 141.763 129.807 Jamaica Plain 118,561 133,335 131.903 126.702 119,760 116,604 Jeffries Point 75,459 100.736 92,499 80.460 76,500 73.593 Kirstein 43,196 56,971 65,149 63,388 64,045 56,536 Lower Mills 59,692 76,137 81.017 74,990 70.928 64.371 Mattapan 187,669 220,675 219,300 205,498 196,31 ! 188.382 Memorial 213,320 246,739 246,757 222,975 211.971 192.100 Mt. Bowdoin 151,456 168.036 1 58,667 149,341 143,823 137.889 Mt. Pleasant 82,795 100,361 102,914 94,640 89,924 84.102 Nepoiiset 60,936 75.148 78,579 69.638 64,409 60.117 North End 1 58,333 185,849 163,735 143.351 123,174 125.656 Orient Heights 60,512 84,887 84,233 92,801 81,189 68.932 Parker Hill 112,308 130,042 125,524 119.139 112,165 108.933 Phillips Brooks 25,713* 50,383 51,870 46,258 45,397 44.859 Roslindalc 151,956 1 70,287 1 73.078 167,562 154,640 151,971 Roxbury Crossins y 69,034 77.650 76,023 75,062 72,839 71,037 South Boston 161,244 189,904 163,326 141,046 128,979 124,228 South End 122.870 1 50.745 155.575 ! 54,604 153,478 1 50,728 Tyler Street 59.163 74,230 72.334 52,578 47,979 51,364 L'phams Corner 201,701 225,285 228.490 211.399 199,564 188,437 West End 189,543 219,413 218,721 208,003 201,373 200.444 West Roxbury 136.595 164,843 174.457 163,089 161.864 157,918 4,702,932 5,567.68! 5,548.283 5.194,35! 4.949,701 4,806,737 ''For eight months. May through December.  The net gains and losses in circulation are presented, apart from the totals, in the following form: 1 93 1 gain over preceding year 1932 gain over preceding year 1933 loss from preceding year 1934 loss from preceding year 1935 loss from preceding year 1936 loss from preceding year VOLUMES 569,473 854,749 19.398 353.932 244.650 142,964 USE OF BOOKS Circulation from Central Library by Months HOME USE HOME USE THROUGH SCHOOLS ANU INSTITUTIONS DIRECT THROUGH BRANCH DEPT. BRANCH DEPT. TOTALS January . . . 38.802 7.175 33,716 79,693 February 36,530 7.059 35,468 79.057 March 40,669 7.412 36,582 84,663 April 37,887 6,654 36,534 81.075 May 33,244 5,800 36,333 75.377 June 25,181 5,009 14,439 44.629 July 25,338 4,880 4,906 35.124 August 24,959 4,416 4,692 34.067 September 26,792 5,217 5,041 37.050 October 35,601 7.283 16.520 59.404 November 36,698 6,912 28.471 72,081 December 33,547 7,047 34.549 75,143 Totals 395,248 74,864 287,251 757,363 Distribution of Total Circulation Central Library a. Direct .... b. Through Branch Libraries 1. Deposit Collection 2. General Collections c. Schools and Institutions through .Branch Department . Business Branch Branch Libraries: Allslon Andrew Square Boylston Brighton Charlestown City Point Codman Square HOME use 395,248 48,005 26,859 schools and institutions 287,25! total 757,363 17.822 172.835 172,835 125.822 2.005 127.827 138.532 138,532 118,070 3,082 121.152 109,825 6,209 116,034 129,289 129.289 154318 10,235 164.553  Dorchester East Boston Faneuil Fellowes Athenaeum Hyde Park Jamaica Plain Jelfries Point Kirstein Lower Mills Mattapan Memorial Mt. Bowdoin Mt. Pleasant Neponset North End Orient Heights Parker Hill Phillips Brooks Roslindale Roxbury Crossing South Boston South End Tyler Street Uphams Corner West End West Roxbury 136,809 950 137,759 145,119 5.221 150.340 133.197 590 133.787 78391 13.045 91.436 128,097 1.710 129,807 1 1 1 ,445 5.159 116,604 73,593 .... 73,593 56,536 .... 56,536 64,371 64,371 187.637 745 188,382 191,680 420 192,100 137,889 . • • • 137.889 84.102 • • ■ • 84.102 60,117 60.117 125.344 ' '312 125,656 68.932 68.932 108,933 • • . • 108,933 44,859 44.859 142,180 *9>9l' 151,971 71,037 71,037 108,232 l'5!996 124,228 145.025 5,703 150.728 51.364 51,364 188,224 ■ 213 188.437 182,497 17,947 200,444 144,723 13,195 157,918 3,919,024 112,528 4,031.552 These figures are condensed into the following : Books Lent for Home Use. Including Circulation Through Schools and Institutions From Central Library (including Central Library books issued through the Branch Libraries 757.363 From Business Branch .......... 17,822 From Branch Libraries (excluding books received from Central Library) 4,031,552 Total .... 4,806,737 Comparative Statistics Showing Distribution of Circulation Central Library circulation (excluding schools and institutions) Direct home use Through Branch Libraries . 391,123 70.735 Business Branch ....... Branch Libraries circulation (excluding schools and institutions) ...... Schools and institutions circulation (including books from Central through the branch library system 1935 461,858- 17.921 4,078,044 391,878 395,248 74,864 1936 470,112 17.822 3.919,024 399,779 4,949,701 4.806.737  Under the inter-library loan system with other libraries the following use of books for the purpose of serious research is shown for two successive years: 1335 1936 Volumes lent from this Library to other libraries in Massachusetts Lent to libraries outside of Massachusetts ..... Applications refused: .From libraries in Massachusetts From libraries outside of Massachusetts 1,933 372 1.592 430 2,305 2,022 860 139 693 219 999 912 The classified direct circulation of the branch libraries for two successive years was as foilov/s: 1935 1936 VOLUMES PERCLNfAGE VOLUMES PERCLNTAGE Fiction for adults 1,966,588 4S.2 1,815,704 46.3 Non-fiction for adults 590,051 14.5 583,624 15. Juvenile fiction 1,046,534 25.7 1 ,045,093 26.6 Juvenile non-fiction . 474,781 n.6 474,603 12.1 At the Central Library the classified direct circulation shows the following percentages: 1935 1936 Fiction 45.6 47.6 Non-fiction 54.4 52.4 BOOK ACCESSIONS BOOKS ACQUIRED BY PURCHASE For the Central Library: From City appropriation From trust funds income For Branch Libraries: From City appropriation From trust funds income 1935 1936 12,599 3,634 4,699 9,842 17.298 13,476 45,702 30.260 727 2.320 46,429 32,580 63.727 46.056 [411 The following statement includes the accessions by purchase combined with books received by gift or otherwise : Accessions by purchase . Accessions by gift . Accessions by exchange . Accessions by periodicals bound Accessions by newspapers bound Accessions by serials bound TOTAL CENTRAL BRANCHES VOLUMES 13,476 32,580 46,056 3.300 455 3.755 3 3 2,704 25 2.729 156 156 1.921 .... 1.921 Total 21,560 33.060 54.620 Cataloged (new) Central Library Catal Serials Branch Libraries Recataloged Totals THE CATALOGS 1935 VOLS. AND PARTS 21 ,492 8,528 48,713 10,988 TITLES 15,155 45!796 6,461 1936 VOLS. AND PARTS 22.926 10,696 31.225 6,719 TITLES 19,550 29i875 4,311 89,721 67,406 71,566 53,736 The number of volumes shelved and thus made available for public use is: Placed on the Central Library shelves during the year: General collection, new books (including continuations) Special collections, new books and transfers Books reported lost or missing in previous years but now found, transfers from Branch Libraries, etc. .... 19.484 4,182 2,278 25,944 Removed from Central Library shelves during the year: Books reported lost or missing, condemned copies not yet replaced, transfers, etc. .......... 7,849 Net gain at Central Library 18,095 Net loss at Branch Libraries . . . . . . . . . 9,091 Placed in Business Branch ......... 1 ,483 Net gain entire library system ......... 10,487  The total number of volumes available for public use at the end of each year since the formation of the Library is shown in the following statement: 1852-53 1853-54 1854-55 1855-56 185^57 1857-58 1858-59 1859-60 1860-61 1861 62 1862-63 1863-64 1864-65 1865-66 1866-67 1867-68 186&-69 1869-70 1870-71 1871-72 1872-73 1873-74 1874-75 1875-76 1876-77 1877-78 1878-79 1879-60 1880-«1 1881-82 1882-83 1883-84 1884-85 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 9.688 1895 16.221 1896-97 22,617 1897-98 28,080 1898-99 34.896 1899-1900 70,851 1900-01 78,043 1901-02 85,031 1902-03 97,386 1903-04 105.034 1904-05 110,563 1905-06 116,934 1906-07 123,016 1907-08 130,678 1908-09 136,080 1909-10 144,092 1910-11 1 52.796 1911-12 160,573 1912-13 1 79,250 1913-14 192,958 1914-15 209,456 1915-16 260,550 1916-17 276,918 1917-18 297.873 1918-19 321,010 1919-20 345.734 1920-21 360.963 1921-22 377,225 1922-23 390.982 1923-24 404,221 1924-25 422,116 1925 438.594 1926 453.947 1927 460,993 1928 479,421 1929 492,956 1930 505,872 1931 520,508 1932 536,027 1933 556,283 1934 576,237 1935 597.152 1936 610.375 628,297 663,763 698,888 716.050 746,383 781,377 812,264 835,904 848,884 871,050 878,933 903.349 922,348 941 ,024 961,522 987,268 1,006.717 1 ,C49,01 1 1,067,103 1 ,098,702 1,121,747 1,139,682 1,157,326 1,173,695 1,197,498 1,224,510 1,258.21! 1,284,094 1 ,308,041 1 .333,264 1,363,515 1 ,388,439 1,418.489 1,442,802 1,475,743 1 .526,951 1 ,572,802 1,631.422 1,654,017 1,673,609 1,682,848 1,693.335 Volumes in the Central Library 1,186,598 Volumes in the Business Branch 18,525 Volumes in the Branch Libraries 488,212 Volumes in entire library system 1,693,335  These volumes are located as follows ; Central Library . 1.186.598 Business Branch . 18.525 Branch Libraries: AUsfon 13,57! Memorial 17.220 Andrew Square . 11,670 Mt. Bowdoin 13,190 Boylsfon 10,484 Mt. Pleasant 8.418 Brighton 21,699 Neponset 6.902 Charlestown 18.197 North End . 1 1 .848 City Point 11,835 Orient Heights . 9,311 Codman Square . 16,741 Parker Hill 13.296 Dorchester 16,421 Phillips Brooks . 5,502 East Boston 18,301 Roslindale . 1 5.722 .Faneuil 13.737 Roxbury Crossing 5.981 Fellowes Anthenaeum . 41,291 South Boston 19.502 Hyde Park . 30,798 South End . 12,054 Jamaica Plain 16,480 Tyler Street 7,378 Jeffries Point 7,777 Uphams Comer . 17,440 Kirstein 7.542 West End . 22,474 Lower Mills 8.434 West Roxbury 20.500 Mattapan 16.496 THE BINDING DEPARTMENT style Number of volume bound in various st Magazines stitched . Volumes repaired .... Volumes guarded .... Maps mounted .... Photographs and engravings mounted Library publications folded, stitched and trimmed THE PRINTING DEPARTMENT Requisitions received and filled ...... Card Catalog (Central Library) : Titles (Printing Department count) .... Cards finished (exclusive of "extras") Card Catalog (Branches) : Titles (Printing Department count) .... Cards finished (exclusive of "extras") Signs .......... Blank Forms (numbered series) ..... Forms, circulars and sundries (outside the numbered series) Catalogs, pamphlets, bibliographical programs . 1935 1936 64,701 66,014 64 69 1,725 1,900 732 644 64 77 2,781 2,521 83.520 130.504 1935 1936 448 220 18,636 23,861 242.763 140.640 1,024 1.010 100.842 86.731 25 60 7.294,030 4,210,220 81,200 43,275 47,675 40.615 OUTSTANDING BOOK PURCHASES Augustinus, Aurellus, Saint. lo. Frobenius lectori S. D. En habes Aurelij Augustini opus absolutissimum de Ciuitate Dei . . . datum . . • per . . . loan. Basileae, 1 522.  Benet, Stephen Vincent. The ballad of William Sycamore, 1 790—1 880. (First edition, designed by Bruce Rogers.) New York, 1923. Boys, Thomas Shotter. Picturesque architecture in Paris, Ghent, Ant- werp, Rouen, etc. Drawn from nature on stone. Colored plates. London, 1839. Bible. Laiin. Biblia integra: summata: distincta: accuratius reemedata: . . . Colophon. M.CCCC.XCV. Black-letter. Cato, Marcus Porcius, the Censor. (Scriptores rei rusticae. Second edition). Colophon. M.CCCCLXXXII. Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. The first part (and second) of the his- tory of the valorous and wittie knight-errant Don Quixote of the Mancha. Translated out of the Spanish by Thomas Shelton, MDCXII (and MDCXX). Chelsea, 1927-28. 2 vols. Chaplin, James P. Journal of events on board Ship Newton, Capt. Eben Sears Master, Boston to Calcutta and return, November 20, 1 845 to October 25, 1847. Manuscript. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Epistolae. Venice, c. 1 494. Fridolin, Stefan, Father, of Nurenburg. Fol. (4)b . . . Da het hie an das buch. das der schrein o8 schatzbehalter der waren reichtumer des hails vn der ewige seligkeit. Colophon: Black-letter. Gregory I., the Great, Saint, Pope. Dit is die prologus, of die voersprake in sinte Gregorius omelie in duutschen. (Utrecht). M.cccclxxix. Colophon. Guiney, Louise Imogen. 52 letters and postccards, written to Charles Knowles Bolton, 1890—7, dated. Auburndale, Mass., London, etc. Heylin, Peter, D.D. Cyprianvs Anglicvs: or, the history of the life and death, of the most reverend and renowned prelate William . . . Lord Archbishop of Canterbury . . . London, MDCLXXI. Hunter, Dard. A. paper making pilgrimage to Japan, Korea and China. New York, 1936. Kongo, Iwao, compiler. (Old costumes of "No plays." 1 00 plates in color). (Kyoto, Heinndo Tanaka. 1932), The text is in Japan- ese. MacCarthy, Daniel. A historical pedigree of the Sliochd Feidhlimidh, the MacCarthys of Gleannacroim, from Carthach, twenty-fourth in descent from Oilioll Olum, to this day. Exeter. 1 849. Mace, Thomas. Musick's monument; or a remembrancer of the best practical musick, both divine, and civil . . . London, 1 676. Nakajima- i aiseikaku, publishers. (Famous flower and bird paintings in Japan. 60 plates, colored.) Kyoto, 1935. The text is Japanese. Poggio Bracciolini, Giovanni Francesco. Historia fiorentina. Venice, 1476. Russell, George William. Deirdre. A drama in three acts. By A. E. (pseud.) Dublin, 1907. Suetonius TranquiTlus, Caius. Suetonius Tranquillus cum commentariis Beroaldi et Sabellici. Venice, 1 506.  Thomas a Kempis. Fol. (3) a: Incipit liber prim lohanis Gerson, cacel- larij parisiesis. De imitatione xpi de conteptu omniu vanitatu mundi. . . . Colophon. Mcccc.lxxxviij. Black-letter. Wadsworth, Joseph. Return of the officers, non-commissioned officers and men in Captain Joseph Wadsworth's Company, February I 4, 1779. Manuscript. Whitman, Walt. Leaves of grass. (Poems. 1st edition. Anon.) Brooklyn, 1855. Bound vsath the original cloth covers. Worlidge, I. Vinetum Britannicum: or, A treatise of cider . . . Lon- don. 1 678. Yale College. The laws of Yale-College, in New-Haven, in Connecti- cut, enacted by the President and Fellows. New-Haven: Printed by Thomas and Samuel Green. 1 774. OUTSTANDING GIFTS Ames, Mrs. Oliver. A collection of ninety-two volumes and three hun- dred and seventy-nine pieces of music, including compositions of Schumann, Beethoven, Franck, Faure, Schubert and others. Bentley, Harry C. A collection of forty volumes on bookkeeping, for the Bentley Collection in the Boston Public Library, and a copy of Volume 2 of "A bibliography of v-zorks on accounting by American authors" by Harry C. Bentley and Ruth S. Leonard. Berenson, Mrs. Bernhard. Across the Mediterranean. By Mary Beren- son. Prato, Tipografia Giachetti, Figlio e C, 1935. Boston Symphony Orchestra. Boston Symphony Orchestra: charcoal drawings of its members, with biographical sketches. By Gerome Brush. Boston, Printed for the Orchestra, 1936. Bradford, Mrs. Gamaliel. Elizabethan women. By Gamaliel Brad- ford. Edited by Harold Ogden White. Cambridge, Houghton Mifflin, 1936. Bradlee, F. J., Jr. A collection of sixty-nine volumes, including both juvenile and adult fiction and non-fiction. Burr, Allston. Sir Walter Scott: an index, placing the short poems in his novels and in his long poems and dramas. Arranged by Allston Burr. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 1936. Churchill, Mrs. Frank Spooner. A framed daguerreotype of Wendell Phillips, by Josiah J. Hawes. (To be hung in the Manuscript Al- cove) . Dole, Frederick H. Sketches of the history of Windham, Maine, 1 734— 1 935 : the story of a typical New England town. By Frederick H. Dole. Westbrook, Cobb, 1935. Endicott, Samuel. Three volumes and three pieces of music, principally sonatas by various composers and several arrangements by Samuel Endicott. Filene, Edward A. A collection of forty-five volumes, including twenty- six Baedeker guides to various European cities and countries, and many city and state documents and articles of political interest. [461 Gaxiola, Senor. Poinsett en Mexico (1822-1828). Notas de un libro inconcluso per Francsco Javier Gaxiola. Prologo de Jose Elguero. Mexico, Editorial "Cultura", 1936. Gest, Mr. and Mrs. Morris. The life of David Belasco, by William Winter. New York, Moffat, Yard and Company, 1 920. In two volumes, autographed by Reina Belasco Gest. Gilder, Rosamond. Theatre collections in libraries and museums: an in- ternational handbook, by Rosamond Gilder and George Freedley. New York, Theatre Arts, Inc., 1936. Graham, Mrs. Louis H. A collection of one hundred and live volumes, principally fiction, of which fifty-eight volumes were added to the Jamaica Plain Branch Library. Greene, Gladys. A collection of one hundred and twenty-eight volumes and one hundred and ninety-two numbers, principally works of or relating to music, philosophy and fiction. Great Britain Patent Office. Two hundred and fifty-six volumes of British patents received during the year 1 936, Hale, Mrs. Philip. A collection of one hundred and ten volumes and three hundred and sixty-five pamphlets, including music and works relating to music, musicians and the theatre. Harvard University. Harvard et la France. Recueil d'etudes public en I'honneur de I'Universite Harvard et offert a cette Universite par le Comite Francais pour la celebration du troisieme centenaire de Harvard. Paris, 1 936. Harvard University Tercentenary Gazette, Number 1—8. (Two copies of each issue). Two medals, silver and bronze, commemorating the Harvard Tercentenary. Hispanic Society of America. Arabic inscriptions in the collection of the Hispanic Society of America, by Werner Caskel. Translated from the German by Beatrice Gilman Proske. Daniel Urrabieta Vierge in the collection of the Hispanic So- ciety of America, by Elizabeth Du Gue Trapier. In two volumes. El obispado de Burgos y Castilla primitiva desde el siglo V al XIII, por Don Luciano Serrano, O.S.B. In three volumes. Jacchia, Mme. Ester Ferrabini. A collection of thirteen original composi- tions and arrangements by Agide Jacchia, and forty-eight letters written to him by various musicians. Jackson, Dr. Henry. Eight volumes of French fiction and non-fiction. Jordan, AJice M. A collection of thirty-two volumes of children's literature. Kelly, Nathan S. A collection of one hundred and eighty-two volumes of fiction and non-fiction, and forty-one photographs of Daniel Webster and several of his homes. Leadbetter, Florence. Twenty-one volumes, including several books in German, given to the Roslindale Branch Library. Littauer, Lucius N. Selected works of Hyman G. Enelow. With a memoir by Dr. Felix A. Levy. Volumes 1-4, Privately printed, 1935, by the Kingsport Press, Inc.  Macrae Smith Company. Seventeen volumes of recent fiction published by Macrae Smith Company. Miyamori Asataro. Masterpieces of Japanese poetry ancient and mod- ern. Translated and annotated by Miyamori Asataro. Tokyo, Maruzen Company, Ltd., 1936. In two volumes. New England News Company. Twenty-one volumes of popular fiction published during the year 1936. Noyes, James B. Five copies of The Untold Story of Exploration, by Lowell Thomas ; twelve copies of We Who Are About to Die, by David Lamson; and, twelve copies of It Can't Happen Here, by Sinclair Lewis. Page, L. C. & Co. Nine volumes published by L. C. Page & Co., dur- ing the year 1936. Parsons, Mrs. Frederick. Fifteen volumes of fine editions of various books by Emerson, Service, Shakespeare, Stevenson, and others, to be added to the Artz, Barton, Galatea and "Q" collections in the Boston Public Library. Tinkham, Hon. George Holden. Two hundred and eighty-five volumes of the Congressional Record, to fill gaps and to replace worn volumes in the Library's file. Underbill, Francis Jay. Twelve volumes and fourteen pamphlets from the library of Francis Jay Underbill, and eight programs of sym- phony concerts. White, Alain C. A genius of the two-mover. A selection of problems by Comins Mansfield. By Alain C. White. Stroud, Office of the "Chess Amateur" Depot, 1936. The 32nd and final year of the Christmas Series. LECTURES — CONCERTS In the Central Library Lecture Hall the Library presented 1 04 pro- grams in its annual series of free concerts, lectures, and entertainments. PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS OF 1936 Exhibitions arranged by the Library were on view in the Exhibition Room, the Treasure Room, and the Children's Room throughout the year. TRUST FUNDS Artz Fund — Donation from Miss Victoria Thomas Artz, of Chi- cago: the income of this sum to be employed in the purchase of valuable, rare editions of the writings, either in verse or prose of American and foreign authors. These books are to be known as the"Longfellow Memorial Collection." Received in 1 896. $10,000.00 Bates Fund — Donation made by JoSHUA Bates, of London, in March, 1853. "The income only of this fund is to be each and every year expended in the purchase of such books of permanent value and authority as may be found most needful and most useful." $50,000.00  Charles H. L. N. Bernard Fund — Bequest of CharLES H. L. N. Ber- nard. Received in 1930. $2,000.00 Bigelow Fund — Donation made by JOHN P. BiGELOW in August, 1850, when Mayor of the city. The income from this fund is to be appropriated for the purchase of books for the increase of the library. $ 1 ,000.00 Robert Charles Billings Fund — Bequest of ROBERT CHARLES BlL- LINGS. "The sum to constitute a permanent fund for said library, to be called the Robert Charles Billings Fund, the income only to be used for the purpose of the purchase of books for said library." Re- ceived in 1903. $100,503.39 Bowditch Fund — Bequest of J. Ingersoll Bowditch. Received in 1890. The v^hole income in each and every year to be expended in the purchase of books of permanent value and authority in mathematics and astronomy. $10,000.00 Bradlee Fund — Bequest of the Rev. Caleb David Bradlee to the Boston Public Library. Received in 1897. $1,000.00 Joseph H. Center Fund — Bequest of Joseph H. Center, the income thereof to be at all times applied to the purchase of books and other additions to the library. Received in 1905. $39,807.58 Children's Fund — Bequest of JosiAH H. Benton of $100,000, to be held as "The Children's Fund," and the income applied to the pur- chase of books for the use of the young, to be applied for those pur- poses only in years v^'hen the city appropriates for the maintenance of the Library at least three per cent of the amount available for department expenses from taxes and income in said city. In any year when the city does not thus appropriate at least three per cent of the amount available for department expenses from taxes and income in said City, the income given in said will for the purchase of books shall be paid to the Rector of Trinity Church in the City of Boston to be by him dispensed in relieving the necessities of the poor. $102,949.95 Clement Fund — Bequest of the late Frank Clement, of Newton, to be known as the "Frank Clement Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books. Received in 1915. $2,000.00 Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund — This is a contribution from the friends of Henry Sargent Codman, to be used to perpetuate the memory of Mr. Codman by the purchase of books upon land- scape gardening. It is the desire of the subscribers that a special book plate shall be inserted in each of the volumes purchased, identi- fying it as part of their memorial collection. Received in 1 898. $2,854,41  Cutter Fund — Bequest of AbRAM E. Cutter of four thousand dol- lars and his Hbrary of books, the income of the fund to be expended for the purchase of books, and for binding. Received in 1901, $4,270.00 Elizabeth Fund — Bequest of SaRAH A. MaTCHETT, late of Brookline, who died October 6, 1910, the object of which is stated in the fol- lowing extract from her will: "I give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, twenty-five thousand dollars, to be called the Eliza- beth fund, to be received, held and securely invested, and only the net income therefrom expended every year in the purchase of such books of permanent value and authority as may be most useful in said Library." $25,000.00 Daniel Sharp Ford Fund — A bequest of Daniel Sharp Ford to the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be used for the purchase of books for the young until otherwise ordered by the Board. Re- ceived in 1900. $6,000.00 Daniel Sharp Ford Trust Fund — Bequest of Daniel Sharp Ford to the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be used for general purposes. Received in 1935. $5,017.65 Franklin Club Fund — Donation made in June, 1 863, by a literary asso- ciation of young men in Boston, who, at the dissolution of the asso- ciation, authorized its trustees, Thom.as Minns, John J. French and J. Franklin Reed, to dispose of the funds on hand in such manner as to them should seem judicious. They elected to bestow them on the Public Library, attaching thereto only the following conditions: "In trust, that the income, but the income only, shall, year by year, be expended in the purchase of books of permanent value, for the use of the free Public Library of the city, and as far as practicable of such a character as to be of special interest to young men." The trus- tees expressed a preference for books relative to government and political economy. $1,000.00 Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund — Bequest of ISABELLA Stewart Gardner. "To the Trustees of the Boston Public Library, for the Brown Musical Library, for a memorial to B. J. Lang." Received in 1924. $5,000.00 Morris Gest Fund — Donations made by Mr. Morris Gest in December 1925, the gross receipts from a benefit performance for the Library of "The Miracle", — $2,652.50, the income to be used in the in- terest of dramatic art. $2,652.50 Green Fund — Donations of Dr. Samuel A. Green of $2,000, the income of which is to be expended for the purchase of books relating to American history. Received in I 878 and 1 884. $2,000.00 Charlotte Harris Fund — Bequest of CHARLOTTE Harris, late of Bos- ton, the object of which is stated in the following extract from her ■301 will: "I give to the Charlestown Public Library $10,000, to be invested on interest, which interest is to be applied to the purchase of books published before 1 850. I also give to said Public Library my own private library and the portrait of my grandfather, Richard Devens." Bequests accepted by City Council, July 31, 1877. $10,000.00 Thomas B. Harris Fund — Bequest of Thomas B. Harris, late of Charlestown, for the benefit of the Charlestown Public Library. Received in 1884. $1,048.93 Alfred Hemenway Fund — Bequest of ALFRED HemenwAY. Re- ceived in 1928. $5,000.00 Heloise E. Hersey Fund — Bequest of Heloise E. Hersey, of Boston ; the income to be expended for the purchase of books, preferably those of recent issue that have real literary value. Received in 1936. $3,542.00 Hyde Fund — Bequest of FrankliN P. HydE of Boston, to be known as the "Franklin P. Hyde Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books and other library material. Received in 1915. $3,632.40 David P. Kimball Fund — Bequest of David P. KiMBALL. "I give to the Public Library of the City of Boston, the income to be used for the purchase of books, $10,000." Received in 1924. $10,271.58 Louis E. Kirstein Fund — Donations of $1,000 each made by Mr. Louis E. Kirstein, "to be used for any purpose of the Library that the Trustees see fit to put it to." October, 1925 $1,000.00 October, 1926 November, 1927 October, 1928 October. 1929 1 ,000.00 1 ,000.00 1 ,000.00 1 ,000.00 $5,000.00 Arthur Mason Knapp Fund — Extract from the will of Katherine Knapp: "To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the sum of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), to be known as the Arthur Mason Knapp Fund, of which the income only shall be used for the purchase of books for said library. And I hereby request that such books be designated with an appropriate label or inscription, bearing the name of the Fund." Received in 1914. $10,002.50 Helen Lambert Fund — Bequest of HeLEN Lambert of Boston in memory of Frederic and Louise Lambert. Received in 1931 . The income of this fund to be expended for the purchase of books and other library material until otherwise ordered by the Board. $1,394.57  Abbott Lawrence Fund — Bequest of Abbott Lawrence, of Boston. Received in 1860. The interest on this fund is to be exclusively appropriated for the purchase of books for the said library having permanent value. $9,812.52 Edward Lawrence Fund — Bequest of EdwARD LaWRENCE, of Charles- town. Received in 1886. The following clause from his will explains its purpose: "To hold and apply the income and so much of the principal as they may choose, to the purchase of special books of reference to be kept and used only at the Charlestown branch of said Public Library." $500.00 Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund — Bequest of ELIZABETH Lewis, to be known as the Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund: "i give and bequeath to the Boston Public Library the sum off $5,000 as a fund, the income of which is to be used for the purchase of such old old and rare books as shall be fitly selected to augment the collection known as the John A. Lev/is Library." Received in 1 903. $5,000.00 Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund — Donation from the family of Charles Greely Loring, the income of which is to be expended for the purchase of books for the West End Branch. Received in 1896. $500.00 Charles Mead Fund — Bequest of ChARLES MeAD, to constitute the Charles Mead Public Library Trust Fund for the promotion of the objects of the Public Library in such manner as the government of said library shall deem best, and so far as the government shall deem consistent with the objects of the library to be used for the benefit of the South Boston Branch Library Received in 1 896. $2,530.51 Francis A. Morse Library Fund — Bequest of Francis A. MoRSE, of West Roxbury; the income only to be expended annually for the purchase of books for the West Roxbury Branch Library suitable for children of school age. Received in 1936. $1,000.00 Gardner O. North Fund — Bequest of GARDNER O. NoRTH. Received in 1928. $2,000.00 The Oakland Hall Trust Fund — By an interlocutory decree of the Probate Court for the County of Suffolk, the amount of $1 1 ,781 .44 was received, the same being one-half of the net amount received from the disposition of certain property held by the Trusttees, under an indenture between Amor Hollingsworth, Sumner A. Burt and Arnor L. Hollingsworth, all of Milton, Mass., and John H. Mc- Kendry, of Boston, Mass., entered into the sixth day of August, 1870. The above amount was accepted by the City, January 2, 1924, and the Trustees of the Public Library voted to invest the same under the name of "The Oakland Hall Trust Fund," the income to be applied to the purchase of books and other library material for the Mattapan Branch. $1 1 ,781 .44 John Boyle O'Reilly Fund — Donation received from the PAPYRUS Club to establish a fund in memory of John Boyle O'Reilly, late member of said club, the income of said fund to be devoted to the purchase of books for the Boston Public Library. Received in 1 897. $1,085.02 Phillips Fund — Donation made by JONATHAN PHILLIPS, of Boston, in April. 1853. The interest of this fund is to be used exclusively for the purchase of books for said library. $ 1 0,000.00 Also a bequest by the same gentleman in his will dated September 20, 1849. The interest on which is to be annually devoted to the maintenance of a free Public Library. $20,000.00 Pierce Fund — Donation made by Henry L. Pierce, Mayor of the City, November 29, 1 873, and accepted by the City Council, De- cember 27, 1873. $5,000.00 Sarah E. Pratt Fund — Bequest from Sarah E. Pratt, late of Boston, under the 1 4th clause of her will, for the benefit of the Dorchester Branch, $500.00. Received in January, 1922. Distribution of residue of estate in May, 1924, $964.30. $1 ,494.18 Guilford Reed Fund — Bequest of Helen Leah Reed, as a memorial to Guilford S. Reed; the income to be applied to the purchase of books of non-fiction. $1,000.00 John Singer Sargent Fund — Balance remaining in hands of surviving trustees of fund originally raised to install in the Library decorations by John Singer Sargent; the income to be used for the care and preservation of the Sargent decorations, etc. $3,858.24 Scholfield Fund — Bequest of ARTHUR ScHOLFIELD, who died in New York, January 1 7, 1 883. The interest to be paid to certain heirs during their lives, and then to be used for the purchase of books of permanent value. The last heir, Joseph Scholfield, died November 1 8, 1 889, and by his will bequeathed to the City of Boston the sum of $1 1,766.67, which represents the income of said fund received by him up to the time of his death, to which was added $33.33 accrued interest on deposit up to the time of investment, to be added to the fund given by his brother. $62,242.45 Sewall Fund — Extract from the will of Richard Black Sewall: ''Tenth. — I bequeath the following pecuniary legacies clear of lega- cy tax, namely. To the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston $25,000 to be added to their funds and the income to be used for the purchase of books." Received in 1918. $25,000.00  Skinner Fund — Extract from the will of Francis Skinner: "Eleventh. — All my books and library I give and bequeath to my son, to be enjoyed by him during his life and after his death to be distributed as he shall appoint among such public libraries, as he shall judge lit, and in case he makes no such appointment then to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston. ^''Sixteenth. — All the rest and residue of my said property of what- ever kind, I give and bequeath to Augustus P. Loring and J. Lewis Stackpole in trust to pay the net income to my son Francis Skinner, Jr., during his life, or to apply the same to his maintenance and sup- port, or the maintenance and support of any issue of his, as they shall think best during his life ; and at his death to apply the income to the maintenance and support of his issue until his youngest child shall reach the age of 2 1 years and then to distribute said property among said issue, the issue of a deceased child to take the share a parent would have if living. "If there shall be no issue surviving at the time of m.y son's death, then to turn the said property into cash and to divide it equally among the following legatees: The Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the Museum of Fine Arts of Boston, Massa- chusetts, the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Medical School of Harvard University, and the Free Hospital for Women, Brook- line, Massachusetts." Received in 1914. $51,059.97 South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund — Donation of a citizen of South Boston, the income of which is to be expended for the benefit of the South Boston Branch Library. Received in 1879. $100.00 Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund — Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Stew- art of $3,500 to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library. 1 he Trustees voted under date of June 29, 1923, that the income be applied to the purchase of books and other library material. $3,500.00 James Jackson Storrow (Harvard '57) Fund — Gift of Helen Storrow and Elizabeth Randolph Storrow as a memorial to James Jackson Storrow, Senior; income to be used for the purchase of Italian books. $25,000.00 Patrick F. Sullivan Bequest — Extract from will: "I give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Boston Public Library the sum of five thou- sand dollars, the principal or income of said sum to be expended by them for the purchase of Catholic standard books, said books to be approved by the Archbishop of the diocese of Boston, Mass., or bv the President of the Trustees of Boston College, in Boston, Mass." Received in 1908. This bequest, together with Interest amounting to $339,61 , has been expended for books.  Ticknor Bequest — By the will of George Ticknor, of Boston, he gave to the City of Boston, on the death of his wife, all his books and manuscripts in the Spanish and Portuguese languages, about four thousand volumes, and also the sum of four thousand dollars. After the receipt of said sums the city is required to spend not less than one thousand dollars in every five years during the twenty-nve years next succeeding (i.e., the income of four thousand dollars, at the rate of five per cent per annum) in the purchase of books in the Spanish and Portuguese languages and literature. At the end of twenty-five years the income of said sum to be expended annually in the purchase of books of permanent value, either in the Spanish or Portuguese languages, or in such other languages as may be deemed expedient by those having charge of the library. The books be- queathed or purchased are always to be freely accessible for refer- ence or study, but are not to be loaned for use outside of the library building. If these bequests are not accepted by the city, and the trusts and conditions faithfully executed, the books, manuscripts and money are to be given to the President and Fellows of Harvard College. In order that the city might receive the immediate benefit of this contribution, Anna Ticknor, widow of the donor, relinquished her right to retain during her life the books and manuscripts, and placed them under the control of the city, the City Council having previously accepted the bequestss in accordance with the terms and conditions of said will, and the Trustees of the Public Library re- received said bequests on behalf of the city, and made suitable ar- rangements for the care and custody of the books and manuscripts. Received in 1871. $4,106.71 William C. Todd Newspaper Fund — Donation by WiLLIAM C. ToDD, accepted by order of the City Council, approved October 30, I 897, the income to be at least two thousand dollars a year, to be expend- ed by the Library Trustees for newspapers of this and other countries. $49,984.94 Townsend Fnd — Donation from William Minot and William Minot, Jr., executors of the will of Mary P. ToWNSEND, of Boston, at whose disposal she left a certain portion of her estate in trust for such charitable and public institutions as they might think meritorious. Said executors accordingly selected the Public Library of the City of Boston as one of such institutions, and attached the following con- ditions to the legacy: "The income only shall, in each and every year, be expended in the purchase of books for the use of the library ; each of which books shall have been published in some one edition at least five years at the time it may be so purchased." Received in 1 879. $4,000.00 Treadwell Fund — By the will of the late Daniel Treadwell, of Cambridge, late Rumford Professor in Harvard College, who died February 27, 1872, he left the residue of his estate, after payment of debts, legacies, etc., in trust to his executors, to hold during the  life of his wife for her benefit, and after her decease to divide the residue then remaining in the hands of the Trustees, as therein pro- vided, and convey one-fifth part thereof to the Trustees of the Pubhc Library of the City of Boston. By order of the City Council, approved May 1 7, 1 872, said bequest was accepted and the Trustees of the Public Library authorized to receive the same and invest it in the City of Boston Bonds, income of which is to be expended by said Trustees in such manner as hey may deem for the best interests of the Library. $13,987.69 Tufts Fund — Bequest of Nathan A. TuFTS, of Charlestown, to be known as the "Nathan A. Tufts Fund," the income to be applied at all times to the purchase of books and other additions to the library to be placed in the Charlestown Branch. Received in 1 906. $10,736.68 Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund — Donation on account of the Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund, the income to be used for the purchase of books of a military and patriotic character, to be placed in the alcove appropriated as a memorial to the Twentieth Regiment. Received in 1 897. $5,000.00 Horace G. Wadlin Fnd — Bequest of HoRACE G. WadLIN, of Reading, former Librarian, who died November 5, 1 925, of $2,000 to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston to be perm.anently funded and the income thereof used for the purchase of books. Received in 1 932. $2,030.51 Also a bequest by Ella F. Wadlin; to be added to the Horace G. Wadlin Fund, and the income to be used for the purchase of books. Received in 1936. $1,725.84 Wales Fund — Extract from the will of George C. Wales : "After the foregoing bequests I direct that the sum of five thousand dollars be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, the same to be held, managed and invested by them, so as to produce an income, and the said income to be applied to the pur- chase of such books for said Library as they may deem best." Re- ceived in 1918. $5,000.00 Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund — Bequest of Mehitable C. C. Wil- son, the income to be expended for the purchase of books for the Boston Public Library. Received in 1913. $1,000.00 Whitney Funds — Bequests of James Lyman Whitney, who died Sep- tember 25, 1910. Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund — The twelfth clause of his will di- rected that: One-tenth of said remaining income of the principal fund, I direct to be paid to the Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be held and accumulated by said Trustees and permanently invested and re-invested. The first five thousand dollars of income so accumulated, including the income thereon arising during the period of accumulation, I request to be funded in the  name of my sister, Alice Lincoln Whitney, and the income of said fund after its accumulation or so much of said income as may be re- quired, to be paid to such employees of the said Library, who are sick and in need of help, as the Trustees may in their discreton deem most worthy (there are often such cases). Any amount of income from said accumulated fund not needed for the purpose just men- tioned shall be used for the purchase of books and manuscripts. $5,000.00 James Lyman Whitney Fund — The Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund having been established, ail amounts of income of the principal fund paid to said Trustees, after the accumulation of said fund of five thousand dollars shall be held as the James Lyman Whitney Fund, and invested and re-invested and the income used in equal shares, one share for the purchase of rare and expensive books, and one share for the purchase and care of manuscripts; one half at least of the share devoted to manuscripts to be expended for their cataloguing and proper care. $27,786.82 In addition to the above Mr. Whitney created a trust, directing that of the net income seven hundred dollars a year be paid to the Trus- tees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, to be expended on bibliographic work for the beneEt of the Library. Central Library Building Fund — Donations in response to an appeal by the Trustees in April, 1925, setting forth the needs of the Library, from: Percy Lee Atherton $ 25.00 William York Peters 25.00 John T. Spaulding 100.00 $150.00 Donations — Besides the preceding, the following donations have been made to the Public Library, and the amounts have been appro- priated for the purpose of books, according to the intention of the donors, viz. : Samuel Appleton, late of Boston . . . $1,000.00 H. C. Bentley 220.38 J. Ingersoil Bowditch 6,800.00 Nathaniel L Bowditch . . . . 200,00 James Brown, late of Cambridge . . . 500.00 Andrew Carnegie ..... 980.75 Dorchester and Milton Circulating Library, for the benefit of the Dorchester Branch Library . 335.13 Sally Inman Kast Shepard .... 1 ,000.00 James Nightingale 100.00 $11,136.26  RECAPITULATION OF PUBLIC LIBRARY TRUST FUNDS Artz Fund $ iO.OOO.OO Bates Fund 50,000.00 Charles H. L. N. Bernard Fund 2,000.00 Bigelow Fund 1,000.00 Robert Charles Billings Fund 100,503.39 Bowditch Fund 10,000.00 Bradlee Fund 1.000.00 Joseph H. Center Fund 39,807.58 Central Library Building Fund 150.00 Children's Fund 102,949.95 Clement Fund 2.000.00 Henry Sargent Codman Memorial Fund ...... 2,o54.4! Cutter Fund 4.270.00 Elizabeth Fund 25,000.00 Daniel Sharp Ford Fund 6,000.00 Daniel Sharp Ford Trust Fund 5,017.65 Franklin Club Fund 1,000.00 Isabella Stewart Gardner Fund 5,000.00 Morris Gest Fund 2,652.50 Green Fund 2,000.00 Charlotte Harris Fund 10,000.00 Thomas B. Harris Fund 1,048.93 Alfred Hemenway Fund 5,000.00 Heloise E. Hersey Fund 3,542.00 Hyde Fund 3,632.40 David P. Kimball Fund 10,271.58 Louis E. Kirstein Fund 5,000.00 Arthur Mason Knapp Fund 10,002.50 Francis A. Morse Library Fund 1,000.00 Helen Lambert Fund 1,394.57 Abbott Lawrence Fund 9,812.52 Edward Lawrence Fund ......... 500.00 Mrs. John A. Lewis Fund 5,000.00 Charles Greely Loring Memorial Fund ...... 500.00 Charles Mead Fund 2,530.51 Gardner O. North Fund 2,000.00 The Oakland Hall Trust Fund 11,781.44 John Boyle O'Reilly Fund 1,085.02 Phillips Fund 30,000.00 Pierce Fund 5,000.00 Sarah E. Pratl Fund 1,494.18 Guilford Reed Fund 1,000.00 John Singer Sargent Fund ......... 3,858.24 Scholfield Fund 62,242.45 Sewall Fund 25,000.00 Skinner Fund • - • _ 51.059.97 South Boston Branch Library Trust Fund ...... 100.00 Mary Elizabeth Stewart Fund 3,500.00 James Jackson Storrow (Harvard '57) Fund ..... 25,000.00 Ticknor Fund 4,106.71 William C. Todd Newspaper Fund 49,694.94 Townsend Fund 4,000.00 Treadwell Fund 13,987.69 Nathan A. Tufts Fund 10.736.68 Carried forward $396,428.81  Brought forward $396,428.81 Twentieth Regiment Memorial Fund 5,000.00 Horace G. Wadlin Fund 3,756.35 Wales Fund 5,000.00 Alice Lincoln Whitney Fund 5,000.00 James Lyman Whitney Fund 27,786.82 Mehitable C. C. Wilson Fund 1 ,00 0.00 Total $795,830.98  OFFICERS OF THE LIBRARY Director's Office Director, and Librarian Milton E. Lord Clerk of the Trustees Elizabeth B. Brockunier Supervisor of Training Bertha V. Hartzell Editor of Publications Zoltan Haraszti Reference Division Chief Librarian of the Reference Division: Richard G. Hensley Assistant Librarian, Emeritus Frank C. Blaisdell Assistant Librarian, Emeritus Samuel A. Chevalier Assistant Librarian, Emeritus Otto Fleischner Cataloging and Classification Department: Lucien E. Taylor, Chief. General Reference Departments: Francis J. Hannigan, Supervisor. Bates Hall Centre Desk: William J. Mulloney, Assistant in Charge. Bates Hall Reference Department: Harry W. Mathews, Assistant in Charge. Information Department: John H. Reardon, Chief. Issue Department: Thomas F. Brennan, Chief. Newspaper Department: Frederic Serex, Assistant in Charge. Periodical Department: Dorothy P. Shaw, In Charge. Registration Department: A Frances Rogers, Chief. Special Reference Departm.ents : Edward H. Redstone, Supervisor. Business Branch: Mary W. Dietrichson, Business Branch Librarian. Fine Arts Department: Priscilla S. MacFadden, In Charge. Music Department: Richard G. Appel, Assistant in Charge. Science and Technology Department: Frank N. Jones, Chief. Statistical Department: Elizabeth G. Barry, Assistant in Charge. Teachers' Department: Anna L. Manning, Assistant in Charge. Chief of the Special Libraries, Emeritus: George S, Maynard, Rare Books: Zoltan Haraszti, Keeper of Rare Books. Rare Book Departm.ent: Harriet Swift, Assistant in Charge.  Circulation Division Chief Librarian of the Circulation Division: Orlando C. Davis. Children's Work: Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor. Branch Libraries: Edith Guerrier, Supervisor. Branch Librarians: A-Iston, Katherine F. Muldoon. Andrew Square, Elizabeth H. McShane. Boylston, Margaret A. Calnan. Brighton, Katrina M. Sather. Charlestown, Katherine S. Rogan. City Point, Helen L. Morrisey. Codman Square, Elizabeth P. Ross. Dorchester, Marion C. Kingman. East Boston, Theodora B. Scoff. Fanueil, Gertrude L. Connell. Fellowes Athenaeum, Mary E. Ames. Hyde Park, Sara A. Lyon. Jamaica Plain, Rebecca E. Willis, Acting Branch Librarian. Jeffries Point, Mary U. Nichols. Kirstein, Grace B. Loughlin. Lower Mills, Isabel E. Wetherald. Mattapan, Ada Andelman. Memorial, Beatrice M. Flanagan. Mount Bowdoin, Pearl B. Smart. Mount Pleasant, Margaret H. Reid. Neponset, Margaret I. McGovern. North End, Mary F. Curley. Orient Heights, Catherine E. Flannery. Parker Hill, Mary M. Sullivan. Phillips Brooks, Edna G. Peck. Roslindale, Annie M. Donovan. Roxbury Crossing, Edtih R. Nickerson. South Boston, M. Florence Cufflin. South End, Clara L. Maxwell. Tyler Street, Mary A. C. Kavin. Uphams Corner, Beatrice C. Maguire. West End, Fanny Goldstein. West Roxbury, Geneva Watson. Branch Librarian, Emeritus, Katherine F. Albert. Branch Librarian, Emeritus, Carrie L. Morse, Branch Librarian, Emeritus, Margaret A. Sheridan.  Division of Business Operations Comptroller: James W. Kenney. Buildings Department: William F. Quinn, Superintendent. Auditor: Helen Schubarth. Book Purchasing Department: William. C. Maiers, Chief. Stock Purchasing Department: Timothy J Mackin. Binding Departm.ent: James P. Mooers, Chief. Printing Department: Francis W. Lee, Chief. Shipper: Robert F. Dixon. ■^t'^l.