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Chicago Natural History Museum 






•^■'^'''hx' - 


Report of the Director 

to thi 

Board of Trustees 

for the year I960 





Former Members of the Board of Trustees 12 

Former Officers 13 

Board of Trustees 1960 14 

List of Staff 1960 15 

Report of the Director 23 

Trustees and Officers 25 

Attendance 27 

Members' Night 27 

Soundtrek 27 

Staff Changes 28 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 31 

Volunteers 32 

Special Exhibits 32 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 33 

Lecture Programs for Adults 38 

Memberships 38 

Gifts to the Museum 39 

Expeditions and Field Trips in 1960 40 

Department of Anthropology 43 

Department of Botany 55 

Department of Geology 61 

Department of Zoology 69 

Library of the Museum 79 

Scientific and Professional Societies 83 

Co-operation with Other Institutions 87 

Public Relations 95 

Motion Pictures 96 

Photography and Illustration 96 

The Book Shop 98 

Publications and Printing 98 

Cafeteria and Lunchroom 107 

Maintenance, Construction, and Engineering 107 

Attendance and Door Receipts Ill 

Financial Statements 112 

Accessions 1960 117 

Members of the Museum 129 

Benefactors 129 

Honorary Members 129 

Patrons 129 

Corresponding Members 129 

Members of the Museum (continued) page 

Contributors 130 

Corporate Members 132 

Life Members 132 

Non-Resident Life Members 134 

Associate Members 135 

Non-Resident Associate Members 153 

Sustaining Members 153 

Annual Members 154 

Articles of Lncorporation 181 

Amended By-Laws 183 



South Entrance of Museum frontispiece 

Sewell L. Avery, 1874-1960 9 

Chesser M. Campbell, 1897-1960 11 

Soundtrek 26 

Harris Extension 30 

Visitors 35 

New "Discoverer" 37 

Temple Idol 42 

Post Figure 46 

Artifacts 49 

Myrtlewood 54 

"Roses" 57 

Mammoth 60 

Chalmers Mineralogical Laboratoy 63 

Limestone Cliffs 65 

Tree Snail 68 

Recording Frog Calls 71 

Bird Exhibit 74 

Figurine 78 

Kapok Tree 84 

Puppets 91 

Rain God 94 

Resins 97 

Goddess 103 

Visitors 110 

Textile 116 

In Memoriam 





SINCE 1933 







In Memoriam 







Fabian Bachrach 

Former Members of the 

Board of Trustees 

George E. Adams,* 1893-1917 
Owen F. Aldis,* 1893-1898 
Allison V. Armour,* 1893-1894 
Sewell L. Avery,* 1932-1960 
Edward E. Ayer,* 1893-1927 

John C. Black,* 1893-1894 
Watson F. Blair,* 1894-1928 
Leopold E. Block,* 1936-1952 
John Borden, 1920-1938 
M. C. Bullock,* 1893-1894 
Daniel H. Burnham,* 1893-1894 
Harry E. Byram,* 1921-1928 

Chesser M. Campbell,* 1959-1960 

William J. Chalmers,* 1894-1938 

Boardman Conover,* 1940-1950 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.,* 1908-1912 

D.C. Davies,* 1922-1928 
George R. Davis,* 1893-1899 
Albert B. Dick, Jr.,* 1936-1954 

James W. Ellsworth,* 1893-1894 • 

Charles B. Farwell,* 1893-1894 
Howard W. Fenton,* 1941-1951 
Henry Field,* 1916-1917 
Marshall Field, Jr.,* 1899-1905 
Marshall Field III,* 1914-1956 

Ernest R. Graham,* 1921-1936 

Frank W. Gunsaulus,* 1893-1894 

Albert W. Harris,* 1920-1941 
Harlow N. Higinbotham,* 1894-1919 

* deceased 


Emil G. Hirsch,* 1893-1894 
Charles L. Hutchinson,* 1893-1894 

Huntington W. Jackson,* 1894-1900 
Arthur B. Jones,* 1894-1927 

Chauncey Keep,* 1915-1929 
William V. Keeley,* 1929-1932 

George Manierre,* 1894-1924 
Charles H. Markham,* 1924-1930 
Cyrus H. McCormick,* 1894-1936 
Charles A. McCulloch,* 1936-1945 

John Barton Payne,* 1910-1911 
George F. Porter,* 1907-1916 

Frederick H. Rawson,* 1927-1935 
Norman B. Ream,* 1894-1910 
George A. Richardson,* 1930-1957 
John A. Roche,* 1893-1894 
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.,* 1938-1944 
Martin A. Ryerson,* 1893-1932 

Fred W. Sargent,* 1929-1939 
Stephen C. Simms,* 1928-1937 
James Simpson,* 1920-1939 
Frederick J. V. Skiff,* 1902-1921 
Albert A. Sprague,* 1910-1946 
Silas H. Strawn,* 1924-1946 

Edwin Walker,* 1893-1910 
Albert H. Wetten,* 1939-1953 
Leslie Wheeler,* 1934-1937 
Norman Williams,* 1894-1899 
John P. Wilson,* 1932-1959" 
William Wrigley, Jr.,* 1919-1931 












Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Albert A. Sprague* 1933-1946 

Marshall Field III* 1946-1956 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague* 1929-1932 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Silas H. Strawn* 1940-1946 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1946-1951 

Henry P. Isham 1952-1953 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1954 

HuGHSTON M. McBain 1955-1956 

Albert A. Sprague* 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris* 1933-1941 

Albert B. Dick, Jr.* 1942-1946 

Samuel Insull, Jr 1946-1953 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Frederick J. N. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* deceased 



OFFICERS Stanley Field, President 

HuGHSTON M. McBain, First Vice-President 

Walther Buchen, Second Vice-President 

Joseph N. Field, Third Vice-President 

Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 

Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary 

E. Leland Webber, Assistant Secretary 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery* 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walther Buchen 
Chesser M. Campbell* 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 

J. Howard 

Henry P. Isham 
William V. Kahler 
Hughston M. McBain 
J. RoscoE Miller 
William H. Mitchell 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Clarence B. Randall 
John G. Searle 
Solomon A. Smith 
Louis Ware 

committees Executive— Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Joseph N. 

Field, John G. Searle, Hughston M. McBain, 
Wm. McCormick Blair, Henry P. Isham, Marshall 
Field, Jr. 

Finance — Solomon A. Smith, Hughston M. McBain, 
Walter J. Cummings, Walther Buchen, Henry P. 
Isham, Wm. McCormick Blair, John G. Searle 

Building — Joseph N. Field, William H. Mitchell, Lester 
Armour, Louis Ware 

Auditing — John G. Searle, Clarence B. Randall, Marshall 
Field, Jr., Louis Ware 

Pension — Hughston M. McBain, William V. Kahler, John 
G. Searle, John T. Pirie, Jr., Samuel Insull, Jr. 

* deceased 



Clifford C. Gregg, Sc.D., LL.D., Director 

E. Lbland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Assistant Director 


Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Donald Collier, Ph.D., Curator, South American Archaeology and Ethnology 

George I. Quimby, A.M., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

John B. Rinaldo, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Archaeology 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Roland W. Force, Ph.D., Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Phillip H. Lewis, M.A., Associate Curator, Primitive Art 

HosHiEN Token, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection 

Allen S. Liss, A.B., Custodian of Collections 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

Gustaf Dalstrom, Artist 

Walter Boyer, B.F.A., Ceramic Restorer 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Virginia B. Stross, A.B., Departmental Secretary* 

Agnes M. Fennell, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 
Fay-Cooper Cole, Ph.D., Sc.D., LL.D., Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 
A. L. Kroeber, Ph.D., Research Associate, American Archaeologyf 
J. Eric Thompson, Dipl.Anth.Camb., Research Associate, Central American 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate 


John R. Millar, Chief Curator 
Theodor Just, Ph.D., Chief Curator f 

B. E. Dahlgren, D.M.D., Curator Emeritus 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator, Peruvian Botany 
John W. Thieret, Ph.D., Curator, Economic Botany 

C. Earle Smith, Jr., Ph.D., Associate Curator, Vascular Plants 
Louis 0, Williams, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Central American Botany 
J. S. Daston, Sc.D., Assistant, Botanyf 

Patricio Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Assistant, Botany 
Robert J. Reich, Custodian, Herbarium* 
Emil Sella, Curator of Exhibits 

* resigned 
t deceased 



Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Dean Randall, Artist* 

Robert Anderson, Artist 

Edith M. Vincent, A.B., Research Librarian 

Dorothy Gibson, Departmental Secretary 

E. P. Killip, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Associate, Botany 
Archie F. Wilson, Associate, Wood Anatomyf 


Sharat K. Roy, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Albert W. Forslev, M.S., Associate Curator, Mineralogy* 

Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Mineralogy 

Bertram G. Woodland, B.Sc, Associate Curator, Petrology 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Henry Horback, Assistant 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Reptiles 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator, Fossil Mammals 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

George Langford, Ph.B., Curator, Fossil Plants 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Ronald J. Lambert, Preparator, Fossils 

Maidi Wiebe, Artist 

Evelyn Shahroch, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, B.Sc, Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 

* resigned 
t deceased 



Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Curator, Mammals 

Karl Koopman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Associate Curator, Birds 

M. Dianne Maureb, Assistant, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Assistant Curator, Reptiles 

Janet Wright, Assistant, Reptiles 

Loren p. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, B.A., Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Lower Invertebrates 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S., Assistant, Lower Invertebrates 

D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Phyllis Wade, B.S., Assistant* 

Joan Davis, B.A., Assistant 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

DoMiNiCK Villa, Tanner 

Mario Villa, Assistant Taxidermist 

Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Ruth Andris, Departmental Secretary 

Gregorio Bondar, Research Associate, Insectsf 

RuDYERD BouLTON, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, M.S., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles H. Seevers, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

R. M. Strong, Ph.D., Research Associate, Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, M.S., Associate, Mammals 

Marion Grey, Associate, Fishes 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Harry G. Nelson, B.Sc, Associate, Insects 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

* resigned 
t deceased 



DioscORO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 
Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 
Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 


Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 
Almon Cooley, Assistant Preparator^f 
Marvin Rabe, Assistant Preparator* 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 


Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief 
Marie Svoboda, M.A. 
Harriet Smith, M.A. 
Edith Fleming, M.A. 

DoLLA Cox, A.B.* 

Ellen Miller* 

Maryl Andre, B.S. 

Elda B. Herbert, M.A., Secretary 



Meta p. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 
M. Eileen Rocourt, M.A., Associate Librarian 
Marian Christensen, A. A., Secretary* 
Esther P. Kerster, Secretary 

Classification and Cataloguing 
W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A. 
Bertha W. Gibbs, A.B., B.S.inL.S. 
Boris Ivanov, Dipl.LawH 
Chih-wei Pan, M.S. 

Eugenia Bernoff 

Accessions, Binding, Stacks 
George Stosius, M.E, 
CONSTANTIN Globa, Dipl.Eng. 

If retired 
* resigned 


Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Scientific Publications 

Martha H. Mullen, B.A., Assistant* 

Helen Atkinson MacMinn, A.M., Miscellaneous Publications 



Paula R. Nelson 

Marilyn Jindrich, B.S., Associate 


Gloria Pagano, in charge 
Mary H. Ryan, Assistant 


SusANMARY CARPENTER, B.A., Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 

Raymond A. N. Gomes, Assistant Recorder 

Hilda Nordland, Assistant Recorder 

Jeannette Forster, Assistant Recorder 

Jessie Dudley, Receptionist 


Marion K. Hoffmann, Auditor 
Eleanor Sheffner, Bookkeeper 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 


Jane Comiskey, B.A., Manager 
Marion A. Kratky, B.A., Secretary 


E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist 
Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 

* resigned 
t deceased 



John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 
Kurt Bogen, Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

John Moyer, in charge 


Raymond H. Hallstein, Sr., in charge 
Harold M. Grutzmacher, Assistant 


James R. Shouba, Superintendent 

GusTAV A. Noren, Assistant Superintendent 


William E. Lake, Chief Engineer 
Leonard Carrion, Assistant Chief Engineer 


Frank C. Jensik, Captain* 
Harry R. Smith, Captain 

* resigned 


Annual Report of the Director 


Annual Report 

of the Director 

To the Trustees: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1960. 

Attendance continued to increase and the popularity of our sum- 
mer evening-hours was confirmed. Following the trial period in 1959, 
the 8 o'clock closing hour was continued this year on the evenings 
when public concerts were held in Grant Park and, in addition, was 
extended to Saturdays and Sundays so that the pleasant evenings 
in Grant Park might be more enjoyable for visitors. On one such 
evening (Sunday, August 7), 1,356 persons entered the Museum 
building after six o'clock. 

The Museum has long been recognized throughout the world as 
an institution of notable scientific research, and many important and 
unique collections of materials have come here because of its eminence 
in the scientific world. Further indications of our prestige are the 
grants from Foundations for Scientific Research, the numbers of 
persons from distant places who come here to study, and the ever- 
increasing demand for the publications of the Museum and of its 
staff members. 

During the year members of the Museum's scientific staff were 
engaged in nine research problems with aid from the National Science 
Foundation. These included "Archaeology of the Upper Little Colo- 
rado," Dr. Paul S. Martin; "Archaeological Study of Urbanization 
in Prehistoric Peru," Dr. Donald Collier; "Chondrules in Stony 
Meteorites," Dr. Sharat K. Roy; "Mammalogy of Surinam" and 


"Check List of Recent Mammals of South America," Phihp Hersh- 
kovitz; "Systematics and Zoogeography of the Freshwater Fishes of 
North Borneo" and "Systematics and Zoogeography of the Amphib- 
ians and Reptiles of Borneo," Dr. Robert F. Inger; "Check List of 
Birds of Angola," Melvin A. Traylor, Jr.; and "Paleoecology of 
Pennsylvanian Black Shale," Dr. Rainer Zangerl and Dr. Eugene S. 
Richardson, Jr. It is worthy to note that "Head Musculature of 
American Boas," the research project of Mrs. Frances W. Gibson, a 
graduate student of the University of Arkansas, was given Museum 
sponsorship at the request of the National Science Foundation. 

In addition, three grants have been awarded that are to be under- 
taken after the close of this year. They are Dr. John W. Thieret's 
"Floristic Study of the Yellowknife Highway Region," Dr. Paul S. 
Martin's "Cultural Stability in the Upper Little Colorado River 
Drainage," and Dr. Alan Solem's four-year study of "Systematics 
and Zoogeography of Pacific Ocean Endodontid Land Snails." 

The study on "Changes in Plants Used at Tularosa Cave, New 
Mexico," by Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, now of Missouri Botanical Garden, 
was supported by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological 
Research and awaits only Dr. Cutler's final report to bring it to 
completion. Dr. Jack Fooden, a postdoctoral student of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago working at the Museum, is revising, under grants 
from the National Institute of Health and the National Science 
Foundation, the systematics of the woolly monkeys. Chin Phui Kong, 
fisheries officer with the government of North Borneo, spent about 
six months at the Museum under a National Science Foundation 
grant to study freshwater fishes of North Borneo. 

Dr. Kenneth Starr's field trip to Formosa was greatly aided by 
a grant from the American Council of Learned Societies and the 
Social Science Research Council. A grant from Field Enterprises 
Educational Corporation supported the Museum's Field Associate 
Dr. Robert L. Fleming in his participation in the World Book 
Encyclopedia Scientific Expedition to the Himalayas led by Sir 
Edmund Hillary (see page 39). A travel grant from the National 
Science Foundation enabled Dr. Collier to attend anthropological 
meetings in Europe and to study American collections in museums 
of Europe and Great Britain. 

The Museum granted Thomas J. Dee Fellowships for research at 
the Museum (see page 114) to Miss Mona R. J. Edwards of the British 
Museum (Natural History) for her study of exhibition methods and 
techniques, to the Reverend H. B. Herrington of Westbrook, Ontario, 
Canada, for his study of freshwater clams, and to Dr. J. A. Roze of 
Caracas, Venezuela, for his research in herpetology. 



Stanley Field, President of the Museum since 1909, was re-elected 
at the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees to serve for his 
fifty-second year. Other officers re-elected were: Vice-Presidents 
Hughston M. McBain, Walther Buchen, and Joseph N. Field, Treas- 
urer Solomon A. Smith, and Secretary Clifford C. Gregg. E. Leland 
Webber was elected Assistant Secretary. At the December meeting 
of the Board of Trustees, J. Howard Wood, who is president of the 
Tribune Company and publisher of the Chicago Tribune, was elected 
a member of the Board and a Corporate Member of the Museum. 

Members of the Board of Trustees noted with deep regret the 
passing of two of their members during the year. Sewell L. Avery 
died on October 31 and Chesser M. Campbell died on July 10. 
Mr. Campbell, the newest member of the Board, was elected to 
that office on January 19, 1959. Mr. Avery, who had been a member 
of the Board since 1932, had contributed funds for several Museum 
expeditions. Appreciation for services of each of these Trustees 
was appropriately recorded in the minutes of the Board of Trustees 
(photographs are on pages 9 and 11). 

During the year the Museum's most outstanding investment 
asset, the Pittsfield Building, was sold by direction of the Board of 
Trustees on recommendation of the Finance Committee. This splen- 
did 38-story office building came into the possession of the Museum 
in 1944 as a gift of the late Marshall Field III, Trustee and Bene- 
factor of the Museum. The earnings of this property made up a 
substantial portion of the support of the Museum. However, after 
long consideration, it was decided that it would not be best to keep 
so large a percentage of the Museum's investment holdings in a 
single unit and, while this investment had returned a very satisfactory 
income, the trend, due to constantly increasing taxes and operating 
costs, would be steadily downward. 

To implement the study of the renowned A. W. F. Fuller Collec- 
tion of ethnological and archaeological materials from the Pacific 
acquired by the Museum in 1958 the Board of Trustees at its 
September meeting established the A. W. F. Fuller Foundation 
(this fund v/ill also provide for maintenance and increase of the 
collection to which Captain Fuller devoted major attention through- 
out his career). Subsequently the A. W. F. Fuller Library was 
established in order to support the studies by making available the 
most pertinent literature. The nucleus of the Fuller Library was 
formed by purchases and gifts and by transfer of some volumes from 
the General Library of the Museum. 










Attendance in 1960 showed a gain of approximately 169,000, bringing 
the total for the year to 1,244,374. The increase occurred in a fairly 
uniform pattern not only as to time of year but also as to all classi- 
fications of visitors. The attendance during August was the greatest 
recorded in any month since August 1941. We are particularly 
pleased that many school teachers came to the Museum this year. 


Members' Night, which this year was held on Friday evening, 
April 29, brought a record crowd of 1,767 visitors to the Museum. 
"Congo Safari," an illustrated lecture by Dr. Robert F. Inger, Cu- 
rator of Amphibians and Reptiles, which was given twice to standing- 
room-only crowds, and a preview of "Peoples of the World," a 
special exhibit of photographs by Nickolas Muray on loan from the 
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Resarch, were main 
attractions. Soundtrek, the Museum's newly installed radio-guide 
system, was available for tours of certain exhibition halls. New and 
reinstalled exhibits were featured on the ground, first, and second 
floors, and on the third and fourth floors special exhibits prepared 
by members of the Museum staff were shown in the laboratories, 
workrooms, offices, and General Library, 


Work continued on improvement of Soundtrek, the Museum's radio- 
guide system. During 1960 ten additional halls were equipped, bring- 
ing the total installation to sixteen halls. Because of the flexibility of 
the multichannel system, ten of the sixteen halls offer both a long 
and a short tour, so that twenty-six different tours are available to 
visitors at all times. Another demonstration of the flexibility of the 
system occurred in July during the Lions International convention 
when special tours in Spanish and French were offered for the 
visitors from other countries in addition to the English programs. 
Technical success of the system led to its installation in the Milwaukee 
Public Museum and to contracts for installation in the American 
Museum of Natural History, Brooklyn Museum, and Dayton Mu- 
suem of Natural History. By the end of the year much improved 
electronic equipment had been developed and plans were being 
made for a complete reinstallation early in 1961. 



Early in the year Dr. Theodor Just, Chief Curator of the Department 
of Botany, was taken with an illness that resulted in his death a 
few months later. This was a particularly heavy blow to the Museum 
not only because of Dr. Just's scientific standing but also because of 
his genial disposition that had endeared him to all of his co-workers. 
Horace B. Harte, head of the Division of Public Relations, died sud- 
denly in January at his home. He had been with the Museum since 
1927 and had capably handled his Division since that time. He was 
prime mover in founding Field Museum News that later became 
Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin. Joshua S. Daston, Assist- 
ant in the Department of Botany, who had worked out unusual tech- 
niques for the restoration of type photographs, died in April. 

Dr. Alfred L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archae- 
ology and anthropologist on the staff of the University of California, 
died early in October. He was elected Research Associate by the 
Board of Trustees in 1925 and had been closely in touch with the 
work of the Museum ever since that time. Archie F. Wilson, Associate 
in Wood Anatomy, who was a deeply interested volunteer, died late 
in August. Word was received recently of the death in February, 
1959, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, of Professor Gregorio Bondar, Research 
Associate in the Division of Insects since 1942. 

I record with regret also the deaths during the year of Sidney S. 
Durling, Clarence E. Chambers, and Sam Colovos, of the guard 
force, and the following loyal workers whose services had been com- 
pleted in former years: Miss Elizabeth B. Stone, formerly Secretary 
in the Department of Zoology, who retired in 1943; George Wood- 
ward, who retired as Captain of the Guard in 1953; Mathias Dones, 
carpenter-preparator in the Department of Botany, who retired in 
1953; and Mrs. Rose Hercog, charwoman, who retired in 1960. 

The untimely death of Dr. Just forced the Board of Trustees to 
make a major redeployment of personnel. John R. Millar, Deputy 
Director, was appointed Chief Curator of Botany. Mr. Millar, who 
has been with the Museum since 1918, rendered distinguished service 
as a member of the Department of Botany, as Curator of the De- 
partment of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Mu- 
seum, and as Deputy Director. His knowledge and skill in the field 
of exhibition are invaluable at this time because of the impending 
exhibition program in the Department of Botany. E. Leland Webber, 
Executive Assistant, was appointed Assistant Director. He came to 
the Museum in 1950 and has rendered distinguished service in its 
business management. 


Dr. Louis 0. Williams joined the staff this year as Associate 
Curator of Central American Botany, a field in which he had ex- 
tensive experience with the United Fruit Company before entering 
government service in the Department of Agriculture. Dr. Albert W. 
Forslev, Associate Curator of Mineralogy, resigned to accept a teach- 
ing position at the College of William and Mary, and Dr. Edward J. 
Olsen, of Western Reserve University, was appointed Associate Cu- 
rator of Mineralogy. Phillip H. Lewis, Assistant Curator of Primitive 
Art, was promoted to Associate Curator, and Hymen Marx, Assistant 
in the Division of Reptiles, was promoted to Assistant Curator. 
W. Peyton Fawcett, of the Library staff, returned to his position at 
the Museum after two years in military service. 

Evett D. Hester, who recently had resigned from the staff, was 
appointed Field Associate in Anthropology, and Dr. Patricio Ponce 
de Leon, formerly of the University of Havana, was appointed 
Assistant in the Department of Botany. Mrs. Paula R. Nelson was 
appointed Public Relations Counsel and Managing Editor of the 
Museum Bulletin (she has had long experience in public relations 
and editorial work at the University of Chicago) . Other appointments 
during the year were: Robert Anderson, Artist, Botany; Kurt Bogen, 
Assistant, Photography; Miss Joan Davis, Assistant, Division of 
Vertebrate Anatomy; Mrs. Bertha W. Gibbs, Cataloguer, Library; 
Mrs. Esther P. Kerster, Secretary, Library; Miss M. Dianne Maurer, 
Assistant, Birds; and Miss Janet Wright, Assistant, Reptiles. 

Miss Marilyn Jindrich, Assistant in the Division of Public Rela- 
tions, was promoted to Associate. Mrs. Elda B. Herbert of the Book 
Shop was transferred to the staff of Raymond Foundation as Secre- 
tary, and Mrs. Jessie Dudley of the Book Shop became Receptionist 
at the time of the resignation of Miss Celeste Luwen. Colonel Harry 
R. Smith, United States Army, Retired, came to the Museum as 
Captain of the Guard after the resignation of Captain Frank C. Jensik. 

Mrs. Virginia B. Stross resigned as Secretary in the Department 
of Anthropology and Mrs. Agnes McNary Fennell returned to the 
Museum to fill the vacancy (Mrs. Fennell, as Miss Agnes McNary, 
had served as Secretary for seventeen years and left the Museum 
in 1957 at the time of her marriage). Other resignations during 
the year were: Miss Marian Christensen, Secretary, Library; Mrs. 
Ellen Miller, Raymond Foundation; Miss Martha H. Mullen, Assist- 
ant, Scientific Publications; Marvin Rabe, Assistant Preparator, 
Harris Extension; Dean Randall, Artist, Botany; Robert J. Reich, 
Custodian, Herbarium; Miss Phyllis Wade, Assistant, Division of 
Vertebrate Anatomy; and Miss Dolla Cox, Raymond Foundation. 
Almon Cooley, Assistant Preparator, Harris Extension, retired. 














The year saw no changes in procedure in carrying out the lending 
program for which this department of the Museum functions. As 
in the past, two of the more-than-1,000 portable exhibits prepared 
over the years in the workshop of Harris Extension were delivered 
routinely every tenth schoolday to schools in Chicago and to public- 
service institutions accredited for our circulation list. Each school 
and institution received 34 different exhibits within the year. The 
departmental trucks transporting the exhibits were in operation 170 
days and traveled a combined total of 11,623 miles. 

Ten schools were dropped from the circulation list during the 
year, while five others and a Near North Side settlement house were 
added. At the end of the year 501 schools and institutions were 
receiving the portable exhibits, four less than at the beginning of 
the year. 

Damage to the portable exhibits out on loan was light in com- 
parison with other years. Sixteen had to be withdrawn for repair, 
but all except two, in which there was injury to the installations, 
could be repaired promptly and returned to the school circuit. There 
would undoubtedly have been more damage through vandalism in 
schools but for the discontinuance of service at the request of prin- 
cipals of certain elementary schools where behavior problems make it 
impossible for the principals to assume responsibility for the exhibits. 

Maintenance repairs were made in the workshop — mainly during 
July and August — on 347 of the portable cases. In 32 of these, re- 
pair work was necessary on the exhibit material. 

Five new exhibits were completed early in the year and put into 
circulation. Progress in preparation of new exhibits and in renova- 
tion of old ones has been hampered by the retirement of Assistant 
Preparator Almon Cooley at the end of April. The resignation of 
Assistant Preparator Marvin Rabe in August to attend college has 
left the department without a preparator. 

In August two new trucks were purchased and equipped with the 
partitions and rubber bumpers necessary for safe transportation of 
the Harris Extension exhibits. Terminal mileages on the retired 
trucks after eleven years of use were 60,913 on the truck that had 
serviced the North Side and 63,847 on the truck for the South Side. 

Fifty-eight requests for the loan of specific materials were re- 
ceived and filled during the year. In granting these requests, more 
than 600 items, such as eggs, seed samples, skulls, skins, fossils, and 
herbarium sheets, were selected and lent to individuals, and 31 port- 
able exhibits were delivered by truck as special loans, 



The Museum thanks its volunteer workers for their help during the 
year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates and Asso- 
ciates, are included in the List of Staff at the beginning of this 
Report. Other volunteers are: Burton Adlerblum, Miss Barbara 
Bruckner, Stanley Dvorak, Harold Hinds, Ralph Holmes, Miss Carol 
J. Murphy, Mrs. Lottie Roscoe, Miss Margaret Shurrager, and Mrs. 
Barbara Sol em. Our volunteers assisted in various phases of the 
Museum's scientific work. 


"Peoples of the World," a striking and effective special exhibit, 
opened on Members' Night, April 29 (see page 27), and remained on 
exhibition for two months. We were fortunate to be the first museum 
to exhibit this selection of two hundred photographs taken by the 
noted New York photographer Nickolas Muray, who had been 
commissioned by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological 
Research to create on film an ethnological study of certain areas of 
the Pacific, Asia, and Africa. 

"Eleven Centuries of Icelandic Culture," a group of fifty large 
photographs assembled by Cyrus T. Brady, Jr., to show various 
aspects of Iceland's history and cultural development, was presented 
during July and August. "Sea Peoples of the Sulu Archipelago," a 
collection of oil sketches by Lucie Palmer, artist and geographer, was 
shown in October and November. Mrs. Palmer, who lived among 
the Sulus of the southwest Philippines, vividly has portrayed their 
life in her paintings. 

For many years the Museum has co-operated with the School of 
the Art Institute of Chicago in an annual exhibit in May of work 
done in our halls by students from the School (see page 89). This 
year the exhibit gained considerable diversity when ceramics, etch- 
ings, metal and enamel work, and design were added to the usual 
paintings and drawings. For the first time several instructors from 
the School also exhibited their work at the Museum. 

Two other annual exhibits added interest to the Museum program. 
The exhibit of nature photography from many parts of the world 
was held in February under the auspices of the Nature Camera 
Club of Chicago and the Museum, and the exhibit of amateur hand- 
crafted gems and jewelry, sponsored by the Chicago Lapidary Club, 
was displayed from June 6 to July 6. 



Activities of Raymond Foundation during the year continued the 
established plan of serving organized groups and individuals (mainly 
children) according to their educational needs. 

The ever-increasing work with children resulted in discontinuance 
of lecture tours for adults except during the summer months and 
on Saturday afternoons in March, April, October, and November. 
The tremendous effectiveness of Soundtrek portable radio-receiving 
sets now enables individuals to go unattended through the halls 
listening to recorded lectures on the exhibits. Many of the recorded 
Soundtrek lectures were prepared by members of the staff of Ray- 
mond Foundation. Other lectures were prepared by members of 
the Museum's scientific staff. 

Television programs for children were presented by Mrs. Maryl 
Andre on Channel 9 (WGN-TV) in the spring, and six summer 
and two fall programs were also presented by members of Raymond 
Foundation staff on Lee Phillips's "Friendship Show" on Channel 2 
(WBBM-TV). Two series of Museum Stories for children were 
published and distributed to children who attended the spring and 
fall motion-picture programs on Saturday mornings: "The Chao 
Family of China" by Edith Fleming (spring) and "Holiday in An- 
cient Egypt" by Harriet Smith (fall). 

The Journey program for individual boys and girls continued 
with greatly increased participation. The year showed a total of 
1,698 Journeys completed (in comparison with 945 in 1959). Twelve 
of the 136 boys and girls who received awards during the year in 
the program became members of the Museum Discoverers' Club. 

An unusual tour was requested by the Chicago Council of Girl 
Scouts for their troop leaders in order to acquaint them with the 
museums of Chicago and the many exhibits and programs that are 
of great help to Girl Scouts. This tour was called "Know Your 
Museums," and registration in the group was limited to thirty- 
five Girl Scout leaders (picture on page 35) . 

Summaries of activities of Raymond Foundation for the year, 
with attendance figures, are presented on the following pages. The 
first summary is a condensed report of attendance for all tours, school 
programs, motion-picture programs, and Journey series. The second 
summary is a list of programs selected from the total list (these 
programs fitted the needs of groups and individuals so well that 
enthusiasm and attendance were very high). 



1. Work with Children 

A. School groups Groups Individuals Groups Individuals 

Chicago public 588 23,652 

Chicago parochial 

Chicago private 

Total Chicago groups 

















Suburban public 1,129 

Suburban parochial 

Suburban private 

Total suburban groups . . 

Out-of-state groups 

Total 1,962 71,142 

B. Other groups 

Special (clubs, etc.) 87 7,550 

C. Individuals or groups 

Journeys 1,698 

Children's movies 30 17,352 

Total • 30 19,050 

total work with children 2,079 97,742 

2. Work with Adults 


Public tours 

Miscellaneous groups 

Museum-film showings 

TOTAL work WITH ADULTS 242 6,707 

Grand Total FOR Raymond Foundation Work 2,321 104,449 














1. Study-Unit Programs 

Ancient Egypt (spring and fall). .. .37 programs with 3,121 in attendance 

Knowing and Appreciating Birds 

(spring) 27 programs with 2,395 in attendance 

Miracle of Plants (spririg) 20 programs with 1,351 in attendance 

2. Special Geology Tour (for March only) 

Rocks from the Sky 35 programs with 1,444 in attendance 

3. Intermediate Girl Scout Nature-Badge Programs 

February on Saturdays (3) 3 programs with 1,086 in attendance 

4. Programs for Individuals or for Groups 

A. honor days for organizations 

Cub Scout Day 1,309 in attendance 

Camp Fire Girl Day 521 in attendance 

Girl Scout Day 1,048 in attendance 

B. journeys 

No. 20 — Animals of the Ice Age 

winter of 1959-60 (January, February) 217 

No. 21— China 

spring 644 

No. 22— Whales 

summer • 305 

No. 23 — Ancient Egyptians 

fall 430 

No. 24— Toys 

winter of 1960-61 (December only) 102 

Awards presented in 1960 in these Journeys: 

Travelers (completed 4 different Journeys) . . 68 

Adventurers (completed 8 different Journeys) 36 

Explorers (completed 12 different Journeys) . . 12 

Final Special Journey 8 

Museum Discoverers 12 











The Saturday afternoon lecture series for adults were continued 
during March, April, October, and November, these being the 113th 
and 114th series presented through the generous foresight of the 
late Edward E. Ayer, a President of the Museum, who established 
the lecture foundation. About 17,000 persons attended the eighteen 
lectures, which were presented without charge to the public. It has 
been our plan to present interesting and informative motion pictures 
covering remote parts of the earth as well as many places in our 
own country. The response, both verbal and written, of our audiences 
has been most encouraging and assists in the selection of future pro- 
grams. I am happy to report that many of our lecturers tell us that 
ours is a "good" audience. Such favorable audience-reponse enables 
us to obtain speakers who in certain instances might not otherwise 
be available for our programs. Subjects of the films and lectures for 
the series in 1960 included New England, France, Norway, London, 
Pakistan, Holland, California, New Zealand, and Texas. 


The increase in the number of Museum Members, which was espe- 
cially marked in 1959, continued throughout 1960. Total membership 
at the end of the year was 7,274, making a net gain of 719. Although 
this net gain is slightly less than that of the previous year, it is 
significant that there was a disproportionate number of transfers 
from Annual to Associate memberships. (Names of Contributors 
elected by the Board of Trustees in 1960 are given on page 40, and 
complete membership lists begin on page 129.) 

It is appropriate to record the thanks of the Museum to its 
Members who have contributed so significantly in its development. 
The Associate and Life Membership Funds, which are built up 
through membership fees, now amount to more than $885,000, while 
our Annual and Sustaining Members contributed in 1960 more than 
$35,000 to the operating funds of the Museum. Total cash receipts 
of the Division of Memberships in 1960 was 17.3 per cent more than 
the total in 1959. 

The Museum notes with regret the death during the year of two 
men whose loyal service has meant much to the Museum over a 
period of many years: Arthur S. Vernay of Nassau, Bahamas, an 
Honorary Member and Patron of the Museum, and Clay Judson of 
Chicago, a Patron of the Museum. 



Stanley Field, President of the Museum, gave an additional $56,306.51 
for endowment, and Mrs. Stanley Field, a Benefactor of the Muse- 
um, added $2,000 to the Sara Carroll Field Fund. Dr. Maurice L. 
Richardson added $1,000 to the Maurice L. Richardson Paleonto- 
logical Fund; Miss Margaret B. Conover added $865.25 to the Con- 
over Game-bird Fund; and C. Suydam Cutting, an Honorary Mem- 
ber of the Museum, added $750 to the C. Suydam Cutting Fund. 
The Johnson Foundation gave an additional $4,000 to the S. C. 
Johnson Fund for our continuing study of waxy palms. 

Additions to other Special Funds were in the following amounts: 
$583.81 from the estate of the late Mrs. Abby K. Babcock for 
the Frederick Reynolds and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund; $2,001.55 
from the Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Real Estate Trust for the Joan A. 
Chalmers Bequest Fund; and $1,285 from the estate of the late 
Miss Shirley Farr for the Shirley Farr Bequest Fund. 

The Commander Frank V. Gregg Memorial Fund received $200 
from Dr. Clifford C. Gregg and $100 from Louis Ware, and the 
Karl P. Schmidt Fund received $25 from Commander John F. 
Kurfess, U.S.N., and $10 from the Karl P. Schmidt Organization 
Committee. The A. W. F. Fuller Foundation (see page 25) received 
gifts from President Field, Director Gregg, Dr. Roland W. Force, 
and Hughston M. McBain (for use of Special Funds see page 114). 

Mrs. William S. Street gave $5,875 for an expedition to Iran 
and Field Enterprises Educational Corporation gave $3,000 to pro- 
vide Museum participation in the World Book Encyclopedia Scien- 
tific Expedition to the Himalayas. Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel gave 
$3,462.88 to purchase the de Boe shell collection (see page 73), 
Mr. and Mrs. Roy E. Sturtevant gave $1,000 for use by the Depart- 
ment of Geology, and Mr. and Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith gave 
$200 for use by the Division of Birds. William H. Mitchell made 
an unrestricted gift of $500. 

Other gifts came from: Edwin C. Austin, George Bates, Mr. and 
Mrs. M. B. Beach, Carl Behr, Wm. McCormick Blair, Mrs. J. B. 
Burge, Jr., Kent Chandler, Peder A. Christensen, Alfred Cowles, 
Mr. and Mrs. Elliott Donnelley, Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord Donnelley, 
Murray N. Fairbank, Mrs. Marshall Field, Jr., Mrs. H. H. Hall, 
Flexible Steel Lacing Company, Mrs. Jesse R. Gerstley, Mr. and Mrs. 
Maxwell Hahn, Richard W. McLaren, Miss Pan Minke, Mrs. Lang- 
don Pearse, Philip S. Rinaldo, Jr., Melvin N. and Mary F. Roths- 
child Fund, Andrew Sage, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben M. Schutz, Mrs. 
Richard Zickman, and Waukegan Hyde Park School (4th grade) . 


Contributors elected by the Board of Trustees are: Alfred Cowles, 
Dr. Roland W. Force, Clarence L. Frederick, Mrs. Helen Frederick, 
Walter S. Ross (posthumously), Mrs. Mary Brown Sturtevant, Roy 
E. Sturtevant, Mrs. Laura Wielgus, and Raymond Wielgus (for 
roster of Contributors see page 130). Gifts of materials received 
during the year are listed at the end of this Report (see page 117) 
and under the heading "Accessions" in the reports of the scientific 
departments (see pages 51, 56, 64, and 73). 


The Museum conducted eight expeditions and field trips in 1960. 
Their work is described in this Report under the headings of the 
scientific departments (see page references below). 

Expeditions and field trips and their leaders are: 

Department of Anthropology — Formosa Anthropological Field 
Trip (Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, see page 50); Great Lakes Area Archaeological Field Trips 
(George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, see page 48); Southwest Archaeological Expedition (Dr. 
Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, see page 43) 

Department of Geology — Big Horn Mountains (Wyoming) Paleon- 
tological Field Trip (Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, 
see page 61) 

Department of Zoology — Arizona Zoological Field Trip (Dr. Fritz 
Haas, Curator Emeritus of Lower Invertebrates, see page 69) ; Great 
Lakes Zoological Field Work (Loren P. Woods, Curator of Fishes, see 
page 69); Guiana Zoological Expedition, 1960-61 (Harry A. Beatty, 
see page 69); West United States Zoological Field Trip (Dr. Alan 
Solem, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, see page 69) 









Department of Anthropology 

Research and Expeditions 

The Southwest Archaeological Expedition completed another year 
of research near Vernon, Arizona (see page 40). A grant from the 
National Science Foundation (for investigation of the archaeology of 
the Upper Little Colorado River Drainage) made it possible to un- 
dertake special excavations, paleoecological studies, and archaeo- 
logical reconnaissance, thus extending the scope of work, and the 
Museum is grateful for this assistance. A description of the various 
aspects of the summer's work follows. 

The leader of the expedition was Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Cura- 
tor of Anthropology, who was aided by Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assist- 
ant Curator of Archaeology, and by William Alschuler, Miss Ellen 
Chase, David Herod, Gardner Lane, William A. Longacre, Mrs. 
Martha Perry, Pat Romane, James Schoen wetter, Roland Strass- 
burger, and John Wells. John W. Saul III (Antioch College stu- 
dent) joined the expedition in midsummer and helped to close camp 
at the end of the season. 

Three major projects were planned for the year: (1) archaeolog- 
ical excavations, (2) a paleoecological inquiry by means of pollen 
analysis, and (3) continuation of the archaeological survey in the 
Upper Little Colorado River Drainage. Seven sites, or areas of pre- 
historic occupation, were excavated. Reports on five of the exca- 
vations are given here. 

1. The earliest excavated site, dated at about A.D. 300 by means 
of carbon 14 at the laboratories of the University of Groningen 
(The Netherlands), consisted of a small group of pit-dwellings lo- 
cated on a high mesa-top overlooking the Little Colorado River in 
a remote region far from roads. Crude double walls made of lava 
boulders span each end of the long, narrow, steep-sided mesa, form- 
ing "refuge areas" (or "keeps") behind which the Indians might 
have retreated to defend themselves from attack. The houses were 
crude shallow structures ringed about with boulders that had been 
tossed out when the floors were leveled off. These people lived by 
farming (analysis of sediments from the floor showed corn pollen) 
and augmented their diet by hunting and gathering. Curiously, 
they did not make pottery as did their contemporary neighbors fifty 
miles to the south, an anomaly that is not yet explained. These 
pit-houses, dating from a local prepottery era, are rare if not unique 
for this immediate area. 


2. Several deep pit-houses that probably date at about A.D. 900 
were excavated near St. Johns, Arizona. The abundance of frag- 
ments of painted pottery from this site are of peculiar interest be- 
cause the designs may yield a clue to the antecedents of one of the 
most important later pottery types in the area — Snowflake Black- 

3. Ten pit-houses with masonry walls were dug. These struc- 
tures, which probably date at about A.D. 1000, are grouped close to 
each other but do not touch and may represent (1) a transition in 
architecture from subterranean pit-houses to dwellings completely 
above ground with walls entirely of masonry and floors at surface 
level and (2) a transition in village layout from the early period 
(pit-houses scattered at random over an acre or so) through a mid- 
dle period (an amorphous cluster of closely grouped but not contig- 
uous rooms [the Thode Site]) to a late era (neat rows of rectangular 
rooms sharing partition walls). 

4. By A.D. 1100 ±50 a way of life was developing that was to 
flower just before the coming of the Spaniards in 1540 and that still 
persists today among western pueblos. The early aspects of this 
development were shown by data secured from excavating dwelling 
rooms that were built at the beginning of this era (A.D. 1100). The 
site, called Rim Valley, is situated on the Hooper Ranch, Springer- 
ville, Arizona, on the edge of the canyon of the Little Colorado 
River. The Rim Valley structures are symmetrical in plan and the 
interiors of these structures are remarkably uniform in their archi- 
tectural arrangements. 

5. The largest and most impressive building dug during the 
summer was a Great Kiva that is part of the Hooper Ranch Pueblo 
(see Annual Report 1959, page 41). The Great Kiva is a large rec- 
tangular ceremonial room (45 feet wide, 50 feet long, and 7 feet deep) 
that was probably for religious and ceremonial use of the whole 
community, including possibly some satellite hamlets. Entrance to 
this subterranean structure was by a ramp that widened into a vesti- 
bule. The interior had a bench on all sides and two vaults flanking 
a central area in which was a fire pit. In line with one of the vaults 
and in the floor was a crypt containing a rare, if not unique, sacred 
image of sandstone, carved and painted to represent what may have 
been a cult deity. With the figure were a miniature water-jar and 
beads of colors that possibly were symbolic of the cardinal directions. 
The contents of the crypt and of some of the associated rooms may 
provide, in their rather specialized form and decoration, a link with 
a specific historic group that more unspecific elements (manos, axes, 
projectile points) could not furnish. 


Twelve whole pottery vessels were recovered. These were in 
addition to approximately 8,000 sherds, 600 stone and bone tools, 
2 skeletons, and wood and charcoal to be used for carbon-14 dating. 

The archaeological survey that was begun in the 1959 season was 
continued as part of the expedition in 1960. During the two sea- 
sons William A. Longacre, field assistant in charge of the survey 
program, covered more than 5,000 miles by truck and made an in- 
tensive reconnaissance on foot of approximately fifty square miles. 
One hundred seventy new sites were discovered in the area, and sur- 
face collections of sherds and artifacts were made from each one. 
The location of each site was fixed on a topographic map and its 
extent, location, general setting, and condition were noted on cards 
for a complete working record. 

Investigations indicate that the area of one thousand square miles 
in east-central Arizona covered by the survey was occupied at least 
by 2000 B.C. The earliest people depended upon hunting and gather- 
ing wild plants for a livelihood. Sometime before a.d. 300 corn- 
agriculture was introduced to the area and larger more permanent 
settlements became the rule. About a.d. 500 knowledge of making 
pottery and of building pit-houses penetrated the region, and in 
approximately a.d. 1000 a marked increase in both the size and 
number of settlements indicates an increase in population in the 
region. The dominant Mogollon nature of the material culture at 
this period suggests an influx of people from the south. 

Throughout the entire region, choice of a place for settlement 
seems to have been closely related to the availability of water. Gen- 
erally, the earliest sites tend to be located in higher areas (for ex- 
ample, on the sides of mesas) and the latest sites down in the stream 
valleys. The preference of early peoples for higher locations is not 
clearly understood, although there is some indication that defense 
was a factor. Later dependence upon agriculture would probably 
explain the settlement of people in the fertile and well-watered 
valleys of the region. 

With aid from the National Science Foundation, a program of 
pollen analysis was initiated (pollen analysis is a method of deter- 
mining past climates and vegetation by identifying the pollen that 
is successively deposited over past thousands and millions of years 
and, luckily, preserved in beds of lakes, in marshes, in soils, and, 
of course, in archaeological sites). James Schoen wetter, field assist- 
ant, spent three weeks at the Museum's archaeological field station 
at Vernon, Arizona, to collect samples of sediments from archaeolog- 
ical and geological localities in the area. Subsequently he extracted 
ancient pollen grains from the several hundred samples and prepared 















them for microscopic analysis at the Geochronology Laboratories of 
the University of Arizona, which generously made available its spe- 
cialized facilities to the Museum. At present he is engaged in analy- 
sis of this material, identifying the pollen types present and compiling 
the statistical charts and diagrams that can be utilized for later in- 
terpretation. The Museum thanks Dr. Terah L. Smiley, Director 
of the Geochronology Laboratories, for consul tive co-operation. 

The objectives of this pollen research-project are threefold: (1) 
to obtain a record of the types of plants and from this to deduce the 
environment at those localities at different points in time, (2) to 
relate information about prehistoric environment to known archaeo- 
logical features, and (3) to investigate changes in the nature and 
importance of agricultural plants at different periods. 

Though the project is yet far from complete, some progress has 
been made on these objectives. Archaeological sites in the Pine 
Lawn (New Mexico) area, which has been of interest to the Museum 
for many years, yielded less pollen than had been hoped but show 
changes in environment over the past 1,500 years and attest to the 
presence of agriculture at an early period. Some findings were ex- 
pected, such as the presence of corn pollen in prehistoric pit-houses, 
and demonstrate pre-existing hypotheses. Other finds were not ex- 
pected, such as an increase in the amount of pine pollen during a 
late period in the record, a discovery that might represent altitu- 
dinal or latitudinal movement of the pine forests that are now ex- 
tensive in the area. 

The few samples from sites so far analyzed for the Vernon (Ari- 
zona) area have also been productive. Changes in the amount of 
corn pollen associated with various sites have revealed changes in 
the economics of prehistoric peoples that may be correlated with 
periods of environmental change. Some of the reasons for the basic 
patterns of prehistoric puebloid life are coming to light as we observe 
fluctuations in the environmental record and corresponding settle- 
ment and abandonment of habitation sites. 

As yet less than half of the sediment samples have been analyzed 
and therefore interpretations cannot be formulated. There is ample 
evidence, however, that this research will be a milestone in the use 
of palynological studies in archaeological research in the United 
States and in understanding the cultures and cultural dynamics of 
the prehistoric Southwest. 

The Museum expresses its thanks to Robert Hooper (Springer- 
ville), Alfred H. Goesling (St. Johns), Frank Stradling (Concho), 
Earl Thode (Vernon), and Pacer Wiltbank (Eager) for permission 
to excavate on their lands in Arizona. 


Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, continued his analysis of data and materials gathered in 
1956 during the archaeological expedition to Casma Valley, Peru, 
and completed a preliminary report. At the time of the death of 
Dr. A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology, 
the study of Nasca pottery from Peru in which Dr. Kroeber and 
Curator Collier had been collaborating was three-fourths completed, 
and Curator Collier will finish this work. During a two-month trip 
to attend international anthropological meetings in Vienna and Paris 
(see page 83), made possible by a National Science Foundation 
travel grant, Curator Collier studied exhibits and collections from 
Peru and Mexico in ethnological museums in Austria, Switzerland, 
France, and England. 

George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, continued research on problems of archaeology, geochro- 
nology, and environment in the Upper Great Lakes region, concen- 
trating on events and phenomena of the period between A.D. 1000 
and 1700. He made study trips to museums and universities in 
Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin, examined private collections of 
artifacts, and conducted field research in various parts of upper and 
lower Michigan and northeastern Wisconsin (see page 40). In 
Oceana County, Michigan, Curator Quimby surveyed and mapped 
an important late Woodland mound site. Test excavations were 
made in this site as well as in village sites of the same county. In 
the upper peninsula of Michigan surface collections were obtained 
from sites between St. Ignace and Menominee in the northern Lake 
Michigan basin. It was tentatively concluded that the pottery 
styles and types of arrowheads were similar throughout this region 
in late Woodland times. 

Phillip H. Lewis, Associate Curator of Primitive Art, is attempt- 
ing to create a working definition of primitive art that may be ac- 
ceptable to art historians and to anthropologists. The problem of 
definition is both philosophical and practical. Too often the term 
primitive art has been used as an inclusive category into which is 
thrown all art that is non-European. Delimitation and definition of 
the field of study are necessary, especially for the practical purpose 
of selecting specimens for the Museum's new Hall of Primitive Art 
(Hall 2, Edward E. and Emma B. Ayer Hall). 

Associate Curator Lewis has developed the theoretical position 
that (1) primitive art is art that is produced and used by members 
of primitive societies and that (2) the art of certain societies often 
included in primitive art should be excluded from the field of study 
as a different entity (excluded would be the art of the Indian civili- 






zations of Middle and South America and of certain West African 
indigenous states). A main difference between civilized and primi- 
tive societies, as far as art is concerned, is the differential specializa- 
tion of the artist: the professional artists of civilized societies produce 
one kind of art and the part-time artists of primitive societies pro- 
duce another kind. In the Hall of Primitive Art, only the work of 
artists of primitive societies will be shown. 

During the year Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archae- 
ology and Ethnology, carried on a program of research in Taiwan 
(Formosa), China, specifically pursuing his interest in the subject of 
Chinese ink-rubbings and generally acquainting himself with the 
anthropology of the island and its diverse peoples (see page 40). 
The study trip was made possible by a Grant for Research on Asia, 
sponsored jointly by the American Council of Learned Societies and 
the Social Science Research Council, with funds provided by the 
Ford Foundation and supplemented by the Museum. On his way 
to Taiwan, Curator Starr stopped for study in Hawaii, Japan, and 
Okinawa, and on his way back to the United States at the end of his 
six-month stay in Taiwan he visited Hong Kong, Vietnam, and Cam- 
bodia, where he spent several days at the famous ruins of Angkor. 
Then, moving gradually north and westward, he stopped in Thai- 
land, Burma, and India and briefly visited various historic centers in 
the Near East and Europe. 

During the first months of the year Assistant Curator Rinaldo 
joined efforts with Chief Curator Martin in preparing a report on 
two Pueblo Indian villages in eastern Arizona. Analysis of data pro- 
vides additional clues that the growth of this prehistoric culture was 
strongly influenced by other Mogollon cultures from the southeast 
and by Chaco culture from the northeast and that ultimately cer- 
tain Mogollon elements were incorporated into the cultures of the 
Hopi and Zuni. 

Allen S. Liss, Custodian of Collections, participated in excavat- 
ing the Cahokia village site near East St. Louis, Illinois, a project 
sponsored by the Illinois Archaeological Survey under the Illinois 
Archaeological Highway Salvage Program and carried on jointly by 
the University of Illinois, Southern Illinois University, Illinois State 
Museum, and Illinois Highway Department. Cahokia, which is one 
of the largest archaeological sites in North America and originally 
included several hundred mounds and a number of large villages, 
lies directly in the path of one of the new interstate highways under 
construction in Illinois and had already been partially destroyed. 
Three areas of greatest prehistoric Indian occupation that are to be 
destroyed were excavated under the Salvage Program, 


Custodian Liss worked with the University of Illinois field crew 
that excavated one of these areas: a large village area east of the 
main ceremonial center of the site that was found to contain more 
than fifty houses constructed of spaced vertical poles set in the 
ground (it is assumed that this framework was covered with bark 
or matting). Several thousand sherds, tools of bone and stone, and 
quantities of unworked animal bones were recovered from the village 
that had been occupied by several groups of people. Stratified de- 
posits plus carbon-14 dates to be derived from charred wood samples 
will yield considerable information concerning the former inhabitants 
of this Cahokia area of Illinois between A.D. 800 and 1400. 

Accessions— Anthropology 

An extremely rare and valuable Polynesian temple idol has been 
added to the Fuller Collection of archaeological and ethnological 
materials from the Pacific area (see Annual Report 1958, page 21). 
The idol is from the Cook Islands and was presented by Captain 
and Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller following its purchase at a London auction 
sale in June. Before its discovery at the sale by Captain Fuller, 
only eight other such specimens were known to exist. All of these 
(which are sometimes called carved slabs) are in museums outside 
the United States. The idol (see page 42) will be exhibited in Hall F 
(Polynesia and Micronesia). 

A generous gift of 64 African art and ethnological specimens came 
from Mr. and Mrs. Clarence L. Frederick (each of whom was elected 
a Contributor of the Museum this year). This material will make 
possible better representation of Africa in the Hall of Primitive Art 
(see page 48) and will greatly enrich the Museum's African eth- 
nological collections. 

The collections of the Division of Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology were notably enhanced during the year by a group of mate- 
rials brought back from Taiwan by Curator Starr (see page 91) and 
by an outstanding collection of Chinese textiles purchased by the 
Museum from Dr. Carl Schuster. The materials from Taiwan in- 
clude eleven rare rubbings — ink-on-paper copies of ancient stone 
inscriptions, one of which is a copy of a stone inscription of the 
Sung period (A.D. 960-1280) cut in memory of K'ung Chou, a lineal 
descendant of Confucius who died in A.D. 163 (this tenth- to thir- 
teenth-century copy of a second-century inscription is one of the 
oldest and rarest of such rubbings in the United States) . The excel- 
lent collection of textiles acquired from Dr. Schuster represents types 


of textiles from widely separated regions of China and exemplifies a 
variety of techniques, including tie-dying, but with examples of 
what commonly is known as blue-thread work composing the larg- 
est portion. These are cotton pieces abundantly decorated in blue 
thread with folk-art motifs traditional among the peasantry of West 
China. This collection, numbering more than 900 pieces in all, is 
the largest, most selective, and best documented group of such tex- 
tiles in the United States (see page 116). 

Care of the Collections— Anthropology 

Cleaning, checking, and moving the Mexican collection into Room 35 
was continued by Custodian Liss under the direction of Curator 
Collier, assisted during the year by David de Kadt and Paul Edgett 
(Antioch College students) and Ralph Holmes and Miss Carol J. 
Murphy (volunteers). Expansion and reorganization of the study 
collection of textiles of the world were continued. 

During the year an inventory of each drawer of specimens was 
completed for the Pacific Research Laboratory by Miss Barbara 
Bruckner and Miss Margaret Shurrager (volunteers). Portions of 
the study-storage collections in the Pacific Research Laboratory were 
rearranged to permit incorporation of the Polynesian materials of 
the Fuller Collection (see page 51). Cataloguing and processing 
approximately 2,500 specimens from the Fuller Collection was com- 
pleted by Dr. Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology 
and Ethnology, who was aided in these tasks by Howard Anderson 
(assistant), Dennis Puleston (Antioch College student), and Miss 
Bruckner and Miss Shurrager. 

Dr. Hoshien Tchen, Consultant, East Asian Collection, contin- 
ued his work of cataloguing the Museum's large collection of Chinese 
rubbings, most of which was acquired many years ago by Dr. Ber- 
thold Laufer. This year Dr. Tchen bent his energies to completing 
the catalogue of rubbings of tomb reliefs dating from the Latter Han 
period (A.D. 25-220), those of the Wu Liang offering-shrines in north- 
east China being best known. This cataloguing included details such 
as translation of all inscriptions, identification of all pictorial ele- 
ments, and explanatory notes. Apart from processing these rubbings 
of tomb reliefs, he catalogued a series of rare rubbings from Taiwan 
that required translation of many handwritten notes and identifica- 
tion of seal signatures of famous Chinese scholars. As these rub- 
bings have been processed they have been placed into new cabinets 
acquired specifically for them. 


Exhibits— Anthropology 

Under the direction of Curator Force a major renovation of Hall F 
(Polynesia and Micronesia) was begun. Artist Gustaf Dalstrom, Miss 
Susan Schanck, an artist brought in for the project, and Preparator 
Walter C. Reese assisted with installation of fourteen new exhibits 
(Hawaii — 4, Marquesas Islands — 3, Society Islands — 1, Cook and 
Austral islands — 1, Easter Island — 3, and New Zealand — 2), all of 
which rely heavily on materials from the Fuller Collection (see 
page 51). Several new exhibit cases and a large map-panel were 
designed and installed by the divisions of Maintenance and En- 
gineering, and E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist, began a mural map 
showing the cultural areas of Oceania. Dioramist Alfred Lee Rowell 
started work on a diorama of a Palauan village that ultimately 
will be installed in Hall F. 

Installation of exhibits in the Hall of Primitive Art (Hall 2, see 
page 48) began during the year under the direction of Curator Lewis, 
who was assisted by Walter Boyer, Ceramic Restorer, with the divi- 
sions of Maintenance and Engineering performing their usual her- 
culean tasks of painting, lighting, rebuilding, and building exhibit 
cases as needed. The theme of the first exhibit is "The Human 
Image in Primitive Art." The human image is a favorite motif in 
primitive art that occurs in almost all cultures of the world. A 
sampling of this motif, therefore, will provide a cross-cultural view 
of primitive art, and, since the subject-matter is man, each viewer 
will be able to judge for himself the degree of abstraction from or 
conformity to this universal subject. 

Curator Collier with the help of Artist Dalstrom prepared three 
new exhibits for Hall 8 (Ancient and Modern Indians of Mexico and 
Central America) : two deal with Aztec sculpture and one is a chron- 
ological chart showing cultural periods of Mexico and their dates. 
"A Prehistoric Irrigation System," a new exhibit for Hall 7 (Ancient 
and Modern Indians of the Southwestern United States) was pre- 
pared by Assistant Curator Rinaldo and Artist Dalstrom. Toward 
the end of the year Curator Starr, with the co-operation of the 
Division of Maintenance, began renovating Hall 24 (George T. and 
Frances Gaylord Smith Hall, Ancient Chinese Civilization). The 
work, which is the first major renovation of this important hall since 
1933, will include repainting the interiors of the exhibit cases, clean- 
ing the glass, and installing additional lighting. 






Department of Botany 

Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Margery C. Carlson, Associate in Botany, spent the first three 
months of the year in Mexico collecting plants belonging to the 
Loranthaceae (mistletoes). She will determine whether or not these 
mostly parasitic plants are specific on certain hosts. 

J. Francis Macbride, Curator of Peruvian Botany, completed for 
the Flora of Peru his treatment of the Boraginaceae, Verbenaceae, 
Labiatae, and Nolanaceae, which was published by the Museum 
(see page 99). Completed, but held for current changes, were manu- 
scripts for the Begnoniaceae and Solanaceae. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany, 
continued his observations and study of subtropical vegetation in 
Florida. He identified for other collectors plants in certain groups 
in which he has specialized. 

Dr. Rogers McVaugh, Curator of Vascular Plants at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan and Research Associate on the staff of the 
Museum, continued work on his critical catalogue of the Sess^ and 
Mocino collection of Mexican plants. These plants are on loan 
from Madrid. 

The Curator Emeritus of Botany, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, in collab- 
oration with Dr. Sidney F. Glassman of the University of Illinois 
(Navy Pier, Chicago) completed for publication a manuscript on the 
wax palms of South America. In preparation is a manuscript on 
the wax palms of Cuba. 

Dr. C. Earle Smith, Jr., Associate Curator of Vascular Plants, 
continued preparation of a critical catalogue of the Muhlenberg 
Herbarium. A problem in this study is identification of the collectors 
of the plants and thus indirectly the localities of collection so that 
the type specimens on which the Muhlenberg plant-names are based 
may be established. The approach has been to compare with the 
incomplete labels on the specimens photographs of authentic sam- 
ples of the handwriting of various botanists, as contained principally 
in the Gray Autograph Collection (Harvard University) and in cor- 
respondence on file at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phila- 
delphia where the Muhlenberg Herbarium is kept on deposit for the 
American Philosophical Society. Final designation of the type spec- 
imens of many species in the Muhlenberg Herbarium cannot be 
made without consulting the Willdenow Herbarium in Berlin- 
Dahlem because many Muhlenberg species of the Gramineae and 


Cyperaceae were described in the Willdenow edition of the Species 
Plantarum and the holotype is consequently in his collection. Dr. 
Smith initiated research on genera of the Meliaceae (other than 
Cedrela) in order to prepare a section on the Meliaceae for the Flora 
of Panama that is being published by Missouri Botanical Garden. 

Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, continued 
his analyses and identification of collections obtained in 1959 dur- 
ing the Northern Great Plains Botanical Field Trip, prepared a 
number of entries of Scrophulariaceae for the Index Nominum Generi- 
coruni (Utrecht), and completed a revision of the Scrophulariaceae — 
Buchnereae of Central America. In September he was accompanied 
by Dr. Robert Evers, of the Illinois Natural History Survey, on a 
short study-trip through grasslands of Nebraska and Kansas to col- 
lect grasses and to observe prairie vegetation in its autumnal aspect. 

Dr. Louis O. Williams, Associate Curator of Central American 
Botany (who was appointed to the staff in September), began the 
task of checking, up-dating, and, when necessary, rewriting unpub- 
lished manuscript of the Flora of Guatemala, of which nine parts 
comprising 3,902 pages have been published (this flora is approxi- 
mately half finished) . He also made determinations of miscellaneous 
plant materials from Central America. 

Miss Edith M. Vincent, Research Librarian, assisted staff mem- 
bers, correspondents, and workers from other institutions by locating 
botanical information for them. 

Accessions— Botany 

The largest gifts to the herbarium of vascular plants were 3,980 
plants of the United States collected, identified, and presented by 
Miss Nellie V. Haynie and 3,566 plants of the United States col- 
lected, identified, and presented by Holly Reed Bennett. Among 
the largest and most interesting collections acquired through ex- 
change were 980 specimens of vascular plants of Africa and Asia 
from Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 640 plants of Mexico 
of the Pringle Collection from the University of Vermont, and 292 
slides of various pollens prepared by the Pan American Petroleum 
Corporation (Tulsa) from material furnished by this Museum. A 
very good collection of 477 plants of South America was purchased 
from Professor H. S. Irwin (University of Texas). The cryptogamic 
herbarium received as a gift from Dr. William L. Culberson (Duke 
University) two type specimens of Parmelia confoederata Culberson 
and Physcia culbersonii Thomson. 









The Museum received from the estate of the late Walter S. Ross 
of Chicago 32 framed aquatint folio prints of flowers from the famous 
botanical work The Temple of Flora, which was published in London 
by Robert J. Thornton, noted English physician and botanist. The 
prints, dating from 1798 to 1807, had been purchased by Mr. Ross 
from James Tatman of Chicago, who had secured them from Lady 
Jill Strathcaron of London. 

Care of the Collections— Botany 

Associate Curator Smith spent the greater portion of curatorial time 
locating, identifying, and collating duplicate specimens of vascular 
plants to send in exchange to other institutions (6,760 specimens 
have been shipped). All folders containing Illinois plants, which 
until now have been kept together as a separate herbarium, were 
inserted in the general herbarium, and the families and genera of 
Gymnospermae were brought together in the cases where they are 
now more easily consulted as a group. Robert J. Reich, Custodian 
of the Herbarium, Mrs. Jennie Pletinckx, and, for part of the year. 
Dr. K. S. Rai (graduate student) assisted in sorting and filing speci- 
mens. Mrs. Dorothy Gibson, Departmental Secretary, initiated 
the preparation of slides of floral dissections as an aid in identi- 
fying the large numbers of undetermined specimens that have accu- 
mulated over a period of years. 

Mrs. Lenore B. Warner completed preparation of a generic index 
for the collection of photographs of type plant-specimens so that 
there are now numerical, generic, and family indexes to the more 
than 50,000 type-photographs in the collection. A total of 7,872 
type-photographs was sent in exchange and 2,271 new negatives were 
added to the files. Reorganization of the collection of photographs 
of plant models, plant exhibits, and living plants and habitats con- 
sisting of some 80,000 negatives was completed by Mrs. Gibson. 

Dr. Patricio Ponce de Leon, a cryptogamic botanist (formerly 
Professor of Botany at the University of Havana and Conservator 
of the Museum of the Havana Jardin Botanico), began in Novem- 
ber a survey of the several sections of the cryptogamic herbarium. 
He will determine and proceed on steps necessary to place the crypto- 
gamic collections in good order based on generally accepted systems 
of classification. 

A total of 22,708 vascular plants was mounted and added to the 
herbarium. An effort was made to place in the herbarium all Cen- 
tral and northern South American material held in storage so that 


it would be available for the use of Associate Curator Williams in 
his preparation of the Flora of Guatemala (see page 56). Miss Alice 
Middleton, aided for part of the year by Miss Suzy Slavin, Antioch 
College student, and by other student assistants, mounted specimens. 
Eleven senior Girl Scouts of the South Cook County Council, di- 
rected in a Museum Aid Project in plant mounting by Custodian 
Reich and Mrs. Gibson, contributed a total of thirty-six hours of 
service on six alternate Saturdays. 

Exhibits— Botany 

Upon completion early in the year of reorganization of the Hall of 
North American Trees (Hall 26, Charles F. Millspaugh Hall) Cu- 
rator of Exhibits Emil Sella and Technician Frank Boryca, assisted 
by Artist Dean Randall, returned to the task of preparing and assem- 
bling the many leafy fronds needed for the full-size model of the 
fossil cycadophyte (Cycadeoidea ingens) that was started some years 
ago. After most of the intricate lacelike flowers had been completed, 
work on the model was stopped to allow staff members of the Plant 
Reproduction Laboratory to devote full time to urgent recondition- 
ing of other botanical exhibits. Soon to be completed, the recon- 
struction will be exhibited in Martin A. and Carrie Ryerson Hall 
(Hall 29, Plant Life). The reproduction of a fruiting branch of 
mjo-tlewood {Umbellularia calif ornica) for the exhibit of the Laurel 
family in Hall 29 was prepared by Technician Boryca. 

Plans for revising the exhibits of useful plants and their products 
in Hall 25 and Hall 28 were developed by Curator Thieret in consul- 
tation with other members of the staff. Exhibits of natural lacquers 
and lac, cork, and natural resins were revised and reinstalled jointly 
by Curator Thieret, Preparator Walter Huebner, and Artist-Pre- 
parator Samuel H. Grove, Jr., in an effort to make our exhibits of 
economic botanical materials educationally effective as well as pleas- 
ing. Closing the windows in Hall 25 and installation of fluorescent 
case-lighting have enhanced the appearance of the hall. Eventually 
this hall will contain exhibits dealing with plant anatomy, physiol- 
ogy, genetics, and other aspects of botanical sciences. 




Department of Geology 

Research and Expeditions 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Eugene S. 
Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, continued their 
work on the Mecca black-shale study (see Annual Report 1959, 
page 59). During the year a number of aspects of the problem were 
described in manuscript, along with topographic illustrations, text 
illustrations, and charts. Work in the laboratory included printing 
numerous X-ray plates with an electronic printer purchased last year 
with National Science Foundation funds, identifying much of the 
invertebrate material that had been collected in previous years in 
Parke County (Indiana), and regrouping the entire vertebrate col- 
lection from Mecca and Logan quarries in order to compare the 
mode of preservation and the nature of the fossil remains. 

Early in spring Curator Richardson and Curator Zangerl ar- 
ranged another field conference with members of the Indiana Geo- 
logical Survey in an effort to clarify some complex stratigraphic 
problems in Parke County. Present commercial stripping in the 
Dee Clay Pit (about a mile east of Logan quarry) exposed the same 
black-shale horizon, but here the shale proved to be a freshwater 
deposit containing an entirely different fauna from that at Logan 
quarry. A small excavation in the Dee Pit (known as Garrard 
quarry) to get an adequate sample of the fauna was made during 
two weeks early in summer by Curator and Mrs. Zangerl and Dr. 
Archie MacAlpin, of the Department of Geology of the University 
of Notre Dame. Later in the summer Curator Zangerl, D. D wight 
Davis, Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy at the Museum, and Stephen 
Collings, of Rockville, Indiana, spent another week quarrying the 
recent exposure, and Curator Davis produced some excellent photo- 
graphs of quarry activities. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, continued his 
study of the Cyathaspidae, a family of Silurian and Devonian jaw- 
less vertebrates. In addition to a general revision of the group, he 
prepared descriptions of new material from the Yukon, New Jersey, 
and Pennsylvania. 

During June and July, Curator Denison and Curator Richardson 
collected at a new Lower Devonian locality in the northern part of 
the Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming (see page 40). They were 
assisted by their sons and John Cutler, a geology student from the 
University of Wyoming. A small quarry was opened on the side of 


a canyon in limestone that had been deposited in an ancient stream 
or estuary. A large collection of fossil fishes was obtained, of which 
most notable are lungfishes, the oldest known specimens of this 
group with the exception of a single skull from Europe. In addition, 
the quarry yielded well-preserved plants, which are being studied by 
Dr. Erling Dorf of Princeton University, and eurypterids, which are 
being described by Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, Research Associate. 

George Langford, Curator of Fossil Plants, made steady progress 
in his study of selected groups of Paleozoic and Mesozoic plants and 
continued his work on systematic classification, noting the charac- 
teristic features of certain new species and recording them with 
appropriate illustrations. He also spent considerable time in cor- 
recting and revising specimen labels. 

William D. Turnbull, Assistant Curator of Fossil Mammals, con- 
tinued his studies of the mammalian fauna of the Eocene Washakie 
formation and, in this connection, looked over the materials from 
this formation in the collections at Princeton and Yale universities 
and at the American Museum of Natural History. Assisted by 
Harold Hinds, a student volunteer, he examined some of the ant-hill 
concentrates from the Lower Washakie beds of southern Wyoming 
and sorted out the tiny teeth and bones of rodents and insectivores. 
He also completed the descriptive portion of his study of the various 
adaptive types of mammalian masticatory mechanisms and, in col- 
laboration with Dr. Charles A. Reed (of the College of Pharmacy, 
University of Illinois), worked on some Oligocene and mid-Miocene 
vertebrate microfossils from Nebraska. 

Dr. Edward J. Olsen, Associate Curator of Mineralogy, who 
joined the Museum staff in September, immediately began three 
major projects, two of which were completed and reports prepared. 
He is currently engaged in initial calculations on the theoretical sig- 
nificance of low temperature compositional relations in two magne- 
sium silicates. 

Early in August, on his way to Copenhagen to attend the Inter- 
national Geological Congress (see page 85), Dr. Sharat K. Roy, 
Chief Curator of Geology, spent a week in the field in the mineral- 
rich area around Kragero (south Norway) and collected several spec- 
imens of rose-colored manganapatite and one of beautifully radiating 
crystals of pyroxene, both of which minerals were not represented 
in our collections. In the field his attention was drawn to the fall 
of a meteorite in 1928 on a farm on the nearby island of Oteroy, 
which he visited to see the exact spot where the meteorite fell. The 
owner of the farm related the circumstances of the fall and said that 
Professor C. T. Johne of Kragero might still have a sample of the 





meteorite. Through the assistance and interest of Mrs. Wencke 
Hasselgren, owner of the neighboring island, Chief Curator Roy was 
able to locate Professor Johne, who indeed had in his possession a 
few fragments of the meteorite and who generously donated most of 
them to the Museum. Grateful acknowledgement is made to Pro- 
fessor Johne and to Mrs. Hasselgren. The Oteroy meteorite is cur- 
rently being studied. Two other meteorites (the Springwater palla- 
site, in which a new phosphate mineral was found, and the Walters 
meteorite) were studied. Work on chondrules continued. 

Bertram G. Woodland, Associate Curator of Petrology, com- 
pleted a study of the nature and origin of small-scale structures in 
the rocks of an area in northeast Vermont and worked on the meta- 
morphic history of the rocks and on the petrography of a series of 
basic dikes in the same area. He collaborated with Chief Curator 
Roy on the new phosphate mineral Farringtonite found in the Spring- 
water meteorite and also made chemical analyses of the major con- 
stituents of a rock sample from volcan San Vicente (El Salvador) 
and of a basic dike rock from northeast Vermont. Partial analyses 
were made of five shale samples from the Mecca and Logan quarries 
to provide data on variations in their organic content for the Mecca 
project (see page 61). In collaboration with the Museum's Depart- 
ment of Anthropology he made petrographic studies of some forty 
thin-sections of sherds collected in 1959 by the Southwest Archaeo- 
logical Expedition and of a few sherds from other localities, aided in 
identifying materials of various artifacts, and, after investigating 
the corrosion of bronzes in the collection, advised on treatment. 
Kenneth Rippere and Robert Hausman, Antioch College students, 
helped with work of the Division of Mineralogy and Petrology. 

Miss Maidi Wiebe, Departmental Artist, spent three weeks on a 
tour to study the prehistoric art of the Ice Age in the caves of Dor- 
dogne in France (Lascaux, Les Combarelles, Font-de-Gamme, and 
Pech Merle) and of El Castillo and Altamira in Spain. 

Accessions— Geology 

In the collections made at Garrard quarry in Parke County, Indiana 
(see page 61), many small paleoniscoid fishes have been discovered 
that are outstanding because of their nearly perfect state of preser- 
vation (associated with them are numerous freshwater prawns) . An 
articulated but incomplete shark, which is related to modern basking 
sharks, was purchased from Marion C. Bonner, who collected it in 
the Cretaceous Niobrara formation of Kansas. Two additions to 





the collection of fossil mammals are the almost complete skeleton 
of an American mastodon from northern Indiana (gift of Karl H. 
Huppert, on whose property the specimen was found) and forty-nine 
casts of South American Tertiary mammalian and bird remains that 
were acquired in exchange with La Plata Museum in Argentina. 
Among accessions of fossil invertebrates twenty-four pyritized Penn- 
sylvanian snails {Shansiella carhonaria) from Illinois (gift of J. L. 
Cunningham) are examples of the most elegant form of mineral 
replacement of a fossil shell, every detail of the original ornament 
being preserved in bright brassy pyrite. 

Representatives of fourteen different falls of meteorites were 
added to the collection, twelve of which were received through ex- 
change and two as gifts. All the meteorites are new to the collection 
and may be considered a very satisfactory addition in any one year. 

A noteworthy purchase through the Chalmers Crystal Fund is a 
sample of the rare mineral holmquistite that is so large that portions 
of it will provide excellent material to exchange with other museums. 
A collection of minerals from a unique deposit at Ivigtut, Greenland, 
was received in exchange with the Mineralogical Museum of Copen- 
hagen, and an extensive suite of igneous and metamorphic rocks, 
which Associate Curator Woodland collected during a field trip in 
western Norway preceding the International Geological Congress 
(see page 85), was given by him to the Museum. 

Care of the Collections— Geology 

David Techter, Assistant in the Division of Fossil Vertebrates, 
cleaned, prepared, and catalogued several lots of Texas Permian 
pelycosaurs and Eryops received from the University of Chicago 
and, upon completion of this project, the entire Walker Museum 
Collection was virtually integrated into our own. Considerable time 
also was spent in sorting and cataloguing the Cretaceous fish from 
Alabama that are currently being studied by Shelton P. Applegate, 
many of which he gave to the Museum. 

The extensive Nelson Collection of fossil invertebrates has now 
been completely unpacked and sorted. The Cenozoic mollusks from 
the east coast of the United States are being identified and cata- 
logued by Chih-wei Pan, part-time assistant. The remainder of the 
Nelson Collection of minerals was checked and about .a hundred 
specimens were selected for the study collection. With the help of 
Miss Judith Linder and Kenneth Rippere, Antioch College students, 
a complete card index of the lithology collection was prepared. 


The Paleontology Laboratory has placed in operation the equip- 
ment for making copper replicas of fossils. This process ("electro- 
forming"), which is essentially the same operation that is used to 
make copper plates for high-speed printing, quickly reproduces a 
specimen or reconstructs one from a natural cast in durable and 
readily studied form that is greatly superior to plaster casting. 

Exhibits— Geoloc 


Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) has been considerably transformed 
with the rearrangement and reinstallation of a number of fossil- 
mammal exhibits. The mammoth and mastodon skeletons were 
reinstalled by Chief Preparator Orville L. Gilpin and Preparator 
Ronald J. Lambert and mounted on a single base, and a skeleton 
of a dawn horse {Hyracotherium) was assembled by Preparator Lam- 
bert for the exhibit of fossil horses. 

During the year a program of reinstallation was begun in the 
Hall of Economic Geology (Hall 36) to bring the exhibits up to date, 
giving special emphasis to minerals that have increased in economic 
importance. Ten exhibits were dismantled and reinstalled with new 
backgrounds and revised labels, and, where necessary, specimens 
were replaced by better ones. Considerable time was spent on plans 
for reinstallation and renovation of H. N. Higinbotham Hall (Hall 31, 
Gems and Jewels), which include refinishing the interior and exte- 
rior of the exhibit cases and adding new specimens acquired by the 
Museum in recent years. 

The exhibition program was carried on by Harry E. Changnon, 
Curator of Exhibits, Associate Curator Woodland, Assistant Henry 
Horback, and Preparator Henry U. Taylor. Illustrations were ably 
done by Miss Maidi Wiebe, Departmental Artist. 




Department of Zoology 

Research and Expeditions 

Staff members were afield, gathering material and data in the 
United States, Africa, southern Asia, and the Philippines. We also 
had an expedition in South America by a nonstaff member. 

Dutch Guiana. Harry A. Beatty, of New York, who has so 
successfully collected for us in Liberia, Gabon, and Angola in years 
past, was engaged to lead the Guiana Zoological Expedition of 1960- 
61 in Surinam (Dutch Guiana) (see page 40). He started on July 15 
to collect birds and mammals in unworked parts of the interior, 
especially in the isolated Wilhelmina Mountains and the virtually 
unexplored Tumuc-Humac range on the Brazilian frontier. 

United States. Associate Curator Henry S. Dybas spent a week 
examining insect fauna of caves in Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky 
in company with Dr. Karl Krekeler of Valparaiso University and 
Richard Powell of Indiana University. 

Curator Loren P. Woods made several field trips in the Great 
Lakes region for local fishes (see page 40) : off Port Washington, 
Wisconsin, in June; off Grand Haven, Michigan, in August (on the 
United States Fish and Wildlife Service motor vessel Cisco) ; and in 
the Lake Huron and Lake Superior areas in September and October. 

Curator Emeritus Fritz Haas made representative collections of 
mollusks in the Chiricahua Mountains in Arizona (see page 40), and 
Curator Alan Solem also made a field trip in the western states to 
collect mollusks from type localities (see page 40). 

Nepal. Field Associate Robert L. Fleming, who is with his 
Mission in Nepal, found some time to continue his natural-history 
collecting, especially birds (see page 24). 

Philippine Islands. Associate D. S. Rabor, during vacation 
time from his teaching duties in Silliman University in the Philip- 
pines, led an expedition to extreme northeastern Luzon, one of the 
least-known parts of the island, to collect birds. 

Egypt. Research Associate Harry Hoogstraal, who is still sta- 
tioned in Egypt, continued to send collections of animals. 

Division of Birds. Curator Emmet R. Blake has completed a 
revision of the American crows and jays and has begun a revision 
of the American family Icteridae (blackbirds, orioles, etc.), both for 
the series of volumes continuing Peters' Check-list of Birds of the 
World. For the same series Chief Curator Austin L. Rand has 
nearly finished the section on the family Nectarinidae (sunbirds) 


and during the year has had published two sections in this series: 
on the Laniidae (shrikes) and on the African Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). 
Curator Blake continued work on his checklist of birds of British 
Guiana and, in the course of this work, investigated various South 
American species, one result being a revision of the South American 
short-eared owls (to be published in Colombia). 

Chief Curator Rand revised the American short-tailed hawk, in- 
vestigated the tongue shape in flowerpeckers and related honey- 
eating birds, and worked on the taxonomy of Philippine birds. He 
began work on a handbook of birds of New Guinea, with E. T. 
Gilliard of the American Museum as co-author. 

Associate Curator Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., has continued taxo- 
nomic studies of African birds in preparation of his checklist of birds 
of Angola (aided by a grant from the National Science Foundation). 
He co-operated with Research Associate Hoogstraal in a study of 
migratory birds of Egypt that are hosts to arthropod parasites (to 
be published by World Health Organization) and worked with Field 
Associate Fleming on further studies of Nepal birds. 

Division of Mammals. The checklist of South American mam- 
mals that is being prepared by Curator Philip Hershkovitz (aided 
by a grant from the National Science Foundation) has been enlarged 
to include all marine mammals (whales, etc.) occurring in the Atlan- 
tic and Pacific oceans south of the Tropic of Cancer. Work has 
continued on revising certain groups of South American mammals, 
notably rodents, primates, and deer. Assistant Curator Karl Koop- 
man is continuing his studies of bats of North Africa. 

Division of Fishes. Curator Woods continued his taxonomic 
studies of marine fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and 
the Atlantic Ocean off northeastern South America, completing de- 
scriptions of a new species of flatfish and a new species of primitive 
deep-water spiny-rayed fish. Associate Marion Grey continued her 
interest in the family Gonostomatidae, studying a small collection 
of these fishes that were killed by the lava-flow of the Mauna Loa 
(Hawaii) eruption of 1953. 

Division of Reptiles and Amphibians. Curator Robert F. 
Inger continued his studies of reptiles and amphibians of Borneo 
(supported in part by a grant from the National Science Founda- 
tion) and of amphibians of Pare National de la Garamba (Congo). 
Also, with the collaboration of Chin Phui Kong of the Department 
of Agriculture, Colony of North Borneo (aided by a grant from the 
National Science Foundation) Curator Inger completed a study of 
the freshwater fishes of North Borneo. With Assistant Curator 
Hymen Marx he completed the analysis of food habits of Congo 




amphibians and continued a revision of a genus of snakes, and with 
Dr. Bernard Greenberg, of Roosevelt University, he continued a 
study of the reproductive cycle of a Borneo frog, based on material 
collected at various seasons by Tom Harrisson of Sarawak. 

Division of Insects. Curator Rupert L. Wenzel spent most 
of his research time on bat flies of the families Streblidae and Nyc- 
teribiidae of Panama, a study that he is making in collaboration with 
Captain Vernon J. Tipton of the United States Army. Curator 
Wenzel completed a manuscript on these families for a monograph 
to be published by the United States Department of Agriculture. 
Associate Curator Dybas continued research on feather-winged beetles 
(family Ptiliidae) and completed the description of a new fossil spe- 
cies from Baltic amber. 

Research Associate Charles H. Seevers completed part of his 
monographic study of the rove beetles that are guests of ants (this 
is a companion study to the monograph on the rove beetles that are 
guests of termites that was published by the Museum three years 
ago). In collaboration with Curator Wenzel, Associate Harry G. 
Nelson began a description of a new beetle with piercing-sucking 
mouthparts and also studied the taxonomy of certain dryopoid water 
beetles (genus Elsianus). Associate Lillian A. Ross continued her 
studies of spiders. 

Division of Lower Invertebrates. Curator Emeritus Haas 
reviewed the vertiginid land mollusks of the Dutch West Indies, 
continued studies of South American mollusks, and, with Curator 
Solem, reported on landsnails from British Honduras. With F. F. 
Laidlaw of Suffolk, England (whose fine collection of Malayan land- 
snails was purchased by the Museum in 1958), Curator Solem com- 
pleted a revision of the Indonesian landsnails of the genus Amphi- 
dromiis. Curator Solem made considerable progress in studying spec- 
imens and compiling material for a review of Panama nonmarine 
mollusks to be based largely on specimens collected by Solem and 
Dybas on their expedition in 1959 to Panama. Assistant Ernest J. 
Roscoe continued study of the mollusks of the pluvial Lake Bonne- 
ville in Utah and began an annotated list of recent and Pleistocene 
mollusks of Utah as part of a project directed by Dr. Aurele La Roc- 
que of Ohio State University to produce a modern checklist of North 
American mollusks. 

Division of Anatomy. Curator D. D wight Davis continued his 
studies of the comparative anatomy and evolution of the C^arnivores. 
Research Associate Waldemar Meister carried on studies of the histo- 
logical structure of the long bones in penguins, and Research Asso- 
ciate R. M. Strong continued study of anatomy of birds. 


Accessions— Zoology 

Growth of our collections continued, as is indicated by the following 
totals for the year's accessions: mammals — 1,484; birds — 4,659; am- 
phibians and reptiles — 3,181; fishes — 2,696; insects — 113,985; lower 
invertebrates — 56,108; and anatomical material — 45 specimens. As 
usual, this material came as exchanges, gifts, or purchases or was 
collected by our expeditions, and the size of an individual accession 
varied from a single specimen to a great number of specimens. 

The largest accession received during the year was the Malkin 
Collection of beetles. This collection, which was acquired by pur- 
chase, includes about 100,000 specimens, mostly North American, 
with especially strong representation from the Pacific Northwest. 

A purchase of 78 specimens of fishes from the Strait of Messina 
came from a locality known since Jason's ship passed by in search 
of the Golden Fleece. The whirlpool Charybdis (whose dangers to 
early mariners were personified by the ancients as a female monster) 
plays a part in bringing deep-sea fishes to the surface where they are 
easily dipped up, with the result that beautifully preserved speci- 
mens unmarred by dredge are obtained. This fact has been well 
known since ichthyology began, and our accession is important as 
excellent material of many forms from the type locality. 

A collection of 12,500 tree snails of Florida and the West Indies 
made by the late Michael Price de Boe and Mizpah de Boe was pur- 
chased through the generosity of Museum Contributor Dr. Jeanne S. 
Schwengel. These shells have long been popular with collectors be- 
cause of their beauty and variability, and a great many forms have 
been named. This collection, which contains series from many local- 
ities representing most of the more-than-50 named forms, provides 
material for genetic research in color pattern. Another collection 
of tree snails that was received during the year is the Winte Col- 
lection (about 9,000 specimens), notable for the fine exhibition qual- 
ity of the shells (purchase). 

Among other notable accessions for the year are: 384 birds of 
Egypt and the Sudan from Research Associate Hoogstraal (gift); 
1,551 reptiles and amphibians of Formosa and Borneo collected by 
Dr. Robert E. Kuntz (gift); 138 lots of fishes of the inshore and off- 
shore waters of the Caribbean received from the United States Fish 
and Wildlife Service (gift); 243 fossil insects in Baltic amber, in- 
cluding a new species of Ptiliid beetle (purchase) ; 135 rove beetles, 
mostly ant guests, including 95 paratypes of 68 species from the 
United States National Museum (exchange) ; and 17 slides of water- 
mites from Dr. Robert M. Crowell (gift). 









Care of the Collections— Zoology 

Research involves a great amount of routine, and much museum 
routine revolves around our specimens and their care. So much a 
matter of routine is the work of unpacking, sorting, identifying, cata- 
loguing, labeling, arranging, filing, and periodic inspecting and fumi- 
gating that we tend to pass it by without thought. But certain 
points in this essential never-ending task are worth mentioning. 

Associate Ellen T. Smith arranged and identified the incoming 
birds of the Philippine Islands, while Assistant M. Dianne Maurer 
processed those from many other areas. Assistant Janet Wright, in 
addition to a considerable amount of illustrating for herpetological 
reports, all but completed cataloguing the Taylor Collection of rep- 
tiles and amphibians. Assistant Pearl Sonoda processed incoming 
collections of fishes and also rearranged the fish collection. 

All our exotic butterflies, except those of the Strecker Collection, 
were brought together and arranged during the summer by Associate 
Nelson, a tedious task that involved much relabeling. Assistant 
August Ziemer, aided by Sander Marcus and John W. Saul III 
(Antioch College students), pinned and labeled many thousands of 
insects. The slide collection of biting and sucking lice was filed and 
several thousand reprints of papers on insects were placed in the 
division's reprint library with the assistance of Mrs. Catherine Halas, 
Antioch College student. The three Antioch students also helped 
with processing 16,500 sets of mollusks totaling about 175,000 speci- 
mens, thus reducing considerably the backlog accumulated during 
the past several years. 

Osteologist Sophie Andris prepared 43 skeletons and about 1,100 
skulls. Tanner Dominick Villa and Assistant Taxidermist Mario 
Villa continued the task of cleaning and moth-proofing certain older 
specimens as well as keeping abreast of current accessions. 

Exhibits— Zoology 

Two new bird exhibits were installed, a fish exhibit was revised and 
reinstalled, and several mammal exhibits were renovated. Work 
progressed on plans and preparation of material for the first five ex- 
hibits that are proposed for the revision of Hall 15 (Mammals in 
Systematic Arrangement) . 

One more exhibit is needed to bring to completion the synoptic 
series of birds of the world in Boardman Conover Hall (Hall 21). 
One of the two current additions shows owls, barn owls, cuckoos, 


plantain eaters, parrots, pigeons, and sandgrouse and the other shows 
the shorebirds and their relatives. Specimens illustrate the range 
of variation in each bird family and collateral material (chiefly art 
work) tells about the way of life of some of the birds. The dodo, a 
turkey-sized aberrant pigeon long extinct, is represented by a rep- 
lica, for no specimens of it exist. 

The revised exhibit of "living fossil fishes" in Hall (Fishes) 
presents models of the most primitive of living fishes (gar, bowfin, 
sturgeon, paddle fish, lungfish, and, most primitive of all, lamprey). 
There is also considerable new collateral material, which includes a 
lungfish hibernating in its capsule in the mud of a dried-up pond, 
casts of fossil teeth and bones of various fossil fishes, and develop- 
mental stages of certain living species. The exhibits of walrus, mana- 
tee, and Weddell's seal in the Hall of Marine Mammals (Hall N) were 
renovated. The animals were cleaned, the scenery was retouched, 
and the snow, which was dingy with age, was replaced with fresh 
white snow made from granulated sugar. 

Exhibition work was carried on by Artist Joseph B. Krstolich, 
Taxidermist Carl W. Cotton, and Assistant Taxidermist Peter An- 
derson. Art work was prepared by Staff Artist E. John Pfiffner, who 
also assisted with design. 

Besides the regular exhibition work, the taxidermists have vari- 
ous tasks that in the aggregate assume some importance. Expedition 
equipment and supplies are cared for and checked in and out to 
authorized persons. Bird and mammal specimens are repaired, and 
exceptionally fine specimens that are received in the flesh are made 
ready for future exhibition. Help is given in preparing skeleton 
specimens of large animals from the zoo, and occasionally specialized 
work is done for other departments of the Museum, such as rehair- 
ing a Maori scalp for the Department of Anthropology. 













1 -4 








The Library's receipts during the year totaled 26,612 items, includ- 
ing books, periodicals, pamphlets, microfilms, photostats, maps, and 
atlases, all relating to the Museum's fields of interest. Since mate- 
rials of research are not limited to books, the journals, bulletins, 
transactions, proceedings, memoirs, and all other publications ap- 
pearing in periodic succession greatly enrich the Library's collection 
and contribute substantially to scientific research. During the year 
16,282 serials were received and recorded on the Kardex. The ac- 
quisition of a sizable proportion of serials is made possible by the 
cordial co-operation, through exchange, of issuing-agencies all over 
the world. The Library is receiving some of the most important 
periodicals currently being published. 

Extensive as are the exchange relations of the Museum, many 
books and periodicals in its field can be obtained only by purchase. 
The following selections are representative of material acquired this 
year by purchase: Natural History Review, a quarterly journal of bio- 
logical science (v. 1-5, 1861-65); Neues systematisches Conchylien- 
cabinet . . . (1769-95) (by Friedrich Heinrich Wilhelm Martini and 
Johann Hieronymus Chemnitz); Beitrdge zur Kenntniss der Fauna 
mexikanischer Land- und SiXsswasser-conchylien (1873) (by Hermann 
Strebel and Georg Pfeffer); Biologische Untersuchungen . . . (neue 
Folge, 19 v., 1890-1921) (by Gustaf Retzius); Legons d'anatomie 
comparee de Georges Cuvier (2 ed., cor., et augm., 8 v. in 9, 1835-46) (by 
Georges Cuvier) ; Map of Hispanic America on the scale of 1 :1, 000,000 
(published by American Geographic Society); and 23 revised maps 
(acquired to replace provisional sheets that had been issued from 
time to time). 

Accessions totaled 2,110 volumes and withdrawals amounted to 
164 volumes. Proceeds from the sale of duplicate material amounted 
to more than $330. The many important gifts received by the 
Library contributed substantially to the resources of the collection. 
This opportunity is taken to thank all donors (listed on page 125) 
for their interested support. 

The reference service in the General Reading Room is the most 
difficult to measure statistically, and no idea can be given of the time, 
ingenuity, and imagination required for the reference staff to find 
answers to many of the more perplexing questions that were asked 
by the Library's users. The number of books (2,383) that were cir- 
culated to visitors in the Reading Room shows only a fraction of the 
use of the Library's collection. Publications assigned to the divi- 
sional libraries for shelving circulate freely within the section. No 


reasonably accurate numerical estimate of the actual use of books 
throughout the Museum can be made, but the figure could be well 
up in the thousands. 

Besides the use of books within the Museum, the Library serves 
(and is in turn served by) outside libraries through interlibrary loans. 
Hence our resources and those of other institutions were supple- 
mented by the 257 volumes borrowed and lent. 

The cataloguing division catalogued and classified 1,471 titles 
consisting of 4,256 volumes and filed 13,636 cards in the General 
Card Catalogue and the four departmental card catalogues. The 
policy, begun last year, of reporting to the National Union Catalog 
the publications acquired during the year representing unique addi- 
tions to the Library's specialized collection was continued. Thus 
392 entries were contributed for inclusion in The National Union 
Catalog: A cumulative author list representing Library of Congress 
printed cards and titles reported by other American libraries. 

Because the Library of Congress does not provide analytics for all 
monographs published, the cataloguing division prepared 1,773 ana- 
lytics for monographs in series received in the Museum. The Author- 
ities File, originated in the Museum Library for use as an important 
reference tool for the specialized cataloguing work, was enlarged by 
the addition of 2,045 cards. Of the extensive additions made to the 
East Asia Collection, many were received on exchange and have not 
yet been catalogued. The 82 Chinese-language books, comprising 
333 volumes, which were acquired by purchase during the year, have 
been catalogued. 

Of signal importance was the preparation and completion of a 
card catalogue for the Museum's collection of more than 250 Tibetan 
xylographs (books printed from wood blocks). These books, which 
were bequeathed by the late Dr. Berthold Laufer, former Chief Cu- 
rator of Anthropology and well-known sinologist, had remained unor- 
ganized and unused for many years because of difficulty in finding a 
properly qualified scholar to catalogue and classify them. It was 
the Museum's good fortune to secure the scholarly services of Dr. 
Chie Nakane, of the University of Tokyo, who Romanized the titles 
and classified and sorted the books. 

The catalogue prepared by Miss Nakane consists of 207 cards 
grouped under five subject-divisions representing 250 books plus 
fragmentary pieces. The greater portion of the collection, which is 
exceedingly rare, required the use of Sanscrit in the translation of 
titles. Subsequently, largely through the careful work of Chih-wei 
Pan of the Library staff and Custodian Allen S. Liss of the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology, each book was wrapped and filed in a dust- 


proof metal cabinet especially provided for the purpose. Thus these 
books, most of them no longer obtainable, are available for use by 
scholars throughout the world who periodically write to the Museum 
for assistance in finding some rare Tibetan book. It is a great satis- 
faction to have this collection properly catalogued, organized, and 
housed for study and reference. 

The Museum Library, as well as all other libraries contributing 
to the listing of their holdings in the Union List of Serials, has been 
called upon to participate in the compilation of the third and defin- 
itive edition of this important work. Since no library can own more 
than a fraction of the total number of serials published, this co-op- 
erative undertaking of the principal libraries of the United States 
and Canada results in the continuation of one of the most useful and 
time-saving bibliographic tools. In addition to titles listed in earlier 
editions, the third edition will include a record of newly acquired 
serials that began publication before 1950. Careful and intensive 
work must be devoted to the tedious process of checking the sections 
sent periodically by the publisher. It is expected that the forthcom- 
ing edition will be published in 1962. 

A total of 262 miscellaneous items in foreign languages was re- 
ferred to the Library for translation into English by various members 
of the Library staff. 

Despite the absence of George Stosius for three months on sick 
leave, the binding program has been satisfactory: 1,090 volumes were 
prepared in the Library for binding and bound by a commercial 
bindery and 764 volumes were expertly repaired and restored by 
the Library staff (rehabilitation of many volumes was accomplished 
by the application of a liquid plastic adhesive, and hundreds of maps 
were reconditioned by the same method). Altogether, 4,299 vol- 
umes were lettered with the electric stylus. As a means of preser- 
vation, numerous pamphlets were placed in permanent binders be- 
fore housing on the shelves. 

Cataloguing and classification have begun for the collection of 
books bequeathed to the Library in 1957 by the late Dr. Karl P. 
Schmidt. Approximately 350 books, of a general nature ranging 
from Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage to Lyell's Prin- 
ciples of Geology to the manuscript of the late Edward E. Ayer's 
Early Reminiscenses, 1860-1918, have been catalogued. The Schmidt 
library is particularly rich in works on evolution, including 48 vol- 
umes by and about Darwin, Wallace, Huxley, Haeckel, and Ro- 
manes, This collection, together with Dr. Schmidt's scientific library 
(given also in 1957), is a valuable and valued addition to the re- 
sources of the Library. 


The Library has no interest in acquiring collectors' items per se, 
but many of the most-needed older books in the field of the natural 
sciences fall into that category. A selective process is employed in 
the accumulation and maintenance of the many irreplaceable mate- 
rials without which future scientific study and investigation would 
be seriously retarded. 

In the latter part of 1960, the task of recataloguing and reclassify- 
ing the material in the Library's Rare Book Room was begun. This 
work became necessary when it was discovered that some volumes 
had, in the past, been classified (given numbers) but not catalogued 
(no card had been made). Hence these volumes were not repre- 
sented in the Library's catalogue. Despite the pressure of other 
work and the fact that each of these books requires three or four 
times the work given to newer volumes, they are being properly clas- 
sified under the Library of Congress system. It is hoped that this 
project can be completed in 1961. In recataloguing the material, it 
has been found that the leather bindings of many volumes are in 
need of restorative treatment. Work has begun on restoring the 
bindings by the application of neat's-foot oil. 

A general shifting of all volumes and a rearrangement of the 
shelving of the oversize books in the Zoology Library was necessi- 
tated by the growth of the collection and the need to provide shelf- 
space for new works classified under the Library of Congress system. 
A similar problem prevaileid in the Botany Library. Although the 
section housing the materials classified under the Library of Con- 
gress system had been completely reorganized the year before, it 
again became necessary to rearrange the Botany Library to provide 
space for newly acquired volumes. 

During the year Miss Muriel G. Hightower, Robert E. Ramsdell, 
and Miss Perry Watts, Antioch College students, assisted with the 
clerical work of the General Library. 



Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
and George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, attended the meetings at Yale University of the Society 
for American Archaeology, where Chief Curator Martin was chair- 
man of a section on contributed papers. Dr. Martin attended a 
symposium at the University of Illinois on ceramic technology and, 
with Dr. John B. Rinaldo, Assistant Curator of Archaeology, the 
Pecos Conference in Flagstaff on southwestern archaeology. Curator 
Quimby attended the meetings at the University of Illinois of the 
Midwest Archaeological Conference. 

During July and August Curator Collier (under a travel grant 
from the National Science Foundation) participated in three import- 
ant science meetings in Europe: a symposium sponsored by the 
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (in Burg 
Wartenstein, Austria), the 34th International Congress of Ameri- 
canists (in Vienna), and the 6th International Congress of Anthro- 
pological and Ethnological Sciences (in Paris). He served on the 
Board of Directors of the Institute of Andean Research. 

Dr. Roland W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, attended the meeting at Indiana University of the Central 
States Anthropological Society, of which he was elected second vice- 
president, and the Viking Fund medals and awards presentation 
dinner in New York. He continued as a member of the standing 
committee on museums in Pacific research of the Pacific Science 
Association. Phillip H. Lewis, Associate Curator of Primitive Art, 
attended the meetings in Minneapolis of the American Anthropo- 
logical Association. 

John R. Millar, Chief Curator of Botany, attended meetings in 
Lawrence, Kansas, of the 4th Conference of Directors of Systematic 
Collections. Dr. John W. Thieret, Curator of Economic Botany, 
attended the meeting at Purdue University of the newly formed 
Society for Economic Botany. Dr. C. Earle Smith, Jr., Associate 
Curator of Vascular Plants, presided at a symposium on regional 
floras at the meeting in Stillwater, Oklahoma, of the American 
Institute of Biological Sciences and served as secretary of the System- 
atics Section of the Botanical Society of America. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. Robert H. 
Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, attended the meeting in Denver 
of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, of which Curator Denison 













was re-elected secretary-treasurer and Curator Zangerl was appointed 
to a committee chairmanship. Curator Denison met in Denver with 
the Board of Directors of the American Geological Institute and 
also attended the meetings in New York of the Society for the Study 
of Evolution and the American Society of Zoologists. Dr. Sharat K. 
Roy, Chief Curator of Geology, and Bertram G. Woodland, Associate 
Curator of Petrology, represented the Museum at the International 
Geological Congress in Copenhagen in August. 

Dr. Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, and Emmet R. 
Blake, Curator of Birds, attended the meeting at the University of 
Michigan of the American Ornothologists' Union, of which Dr. Rand 
is first vice-president. Philip Hershkovitz, Curator of Mammals, 
Dr. Karl Koopman, Assistant Curator, and Miss Sophie Andris, 
Osteologist, attended the meetings in Tacoma of the American 
Society of Mammalogists. Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, 
and Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, attended the meetings in 
Milwaukee of the North Central Branch of the Entomological So- 
ciety of America. 

Dr. Alan Solem, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, and Ernest J. 
Roscoe, Assistant, attended the meetings in Montreal of the American 
Malacological Union, where Curator Solem was appointed chairman 
of the finance committe and Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator Emeritus, was 
elected an Honorary Life Member in recognition of his outstanding 
contributions to malacological research. D. Dwight Davis, Curator 
of Vertebrate Anatomy, who continued to serve as a trustee of the 
American Society of Mammalogy, was elected chairman of the Mor- 
phology Section of the American Society of Zoologists at its meeting 
in New York. 

Dr. R. M. Strong, Research Associate in the Division of Anatomy, 
attended the meetings in New York of the International Congress 
of Anatomists and the American Association of Anatomists. Miss 
Lillian A. Ross, Associate Editor of Scientific Publications and As- 
sociate in the Division of Insects, attended the Conference of Biolog- 
ical Editors in Cleveland. 

Chief Curator Millar attended meetings of the Association of 
Science Museum Directors as representative of Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, 
Director, and the annual meeting of the American Association of 
Museums, both in Boston. Miss Miriam Wood, Chief of Raymond 
Foundation, who was president of the Midwest Conference of Mu- 
seums of the American Association of Museums for 1959-60, attended 
the meeting in Dayton of the Midwest Conference of Museums and 
the meeting in Boston of the American Association of Museums. 
Miss Wood was judge of club projects for the Junior Academy of 


Sciences of the Illinois Academy of Sciences at the meetings in 
Urbana. Miss Harriet Smith, of Raymond Foundation staff, attended 
the Midwest Archaeological Conference at the University of Illinois. 

Mrs. Meta P. Howell, Librarian, and Mrs. M. Eileen Rocourt, 
Associate Librarian, attended the midwinter meeting in Chicago of 
the American Library Association. Mrs. Rocourt attended the con- 
vention in Cleveland of Special Libraries Association as chairman 
of the Museum Division. 

The Fortieth Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthy- 
ologists and Herpetologists was held at the Museum from June 17 
through June 19. The address of welcome at the opening session 
was given for the Museum by E. Leland Webber, Assistant Director. 
Dr. Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, was 
general chairman of the local committee on arrangements. 

Compilers of general reference books and encyclopaedias continue 
to seek our aid, and in the past year important contributions were 
made to these publications by members of the Museum's scientific 
staff. Curator Davis was appointed consulting editor in the field 
of comparative anatomy for Encyclopedia of Science and Technology 
(McGraw-Hill). Curator Thieret was appointed to the advisory 
board of Encyclopaedia Britannica as advisor in botany to succeed 
the late Dr. Theodor Just, former Chief Curator of Botany. 

Curator Davis was elected managing editor of Evolution, official 
journal of the Society for the Study of Evolution. Dr. Louis 0. 
Williams, who recently joined the staff as Associate Curator of 
Central American Botany, continued to serve on the editorial board 
of Economic Botany. Other members of our staff who continued to 
serve in various editorial capacities on scientific journals include 
Curator Collier, American Antiquity; Curator Inger, Copeia and 
Evolution; Assistant Curator Rinaldo, Archives of Archaeology; Cu- 
rator Thieret, Economy Botany; Assistant Curator Turnbull, Sduger- 
tierkundliche Mitteilungen (Stuttgart, Germany) and Society of Verte- 
brate Paleontology News Bulletin; and Curator Woods, The American 
Midland Naturalist. 

Numerous articles and reviews are contributed by members of the 
Museum's scientific staff to various learned journals. A list of some 
of this material in 1960, including books by staff members not pub- 
lished by the Museum but on subjects within the Museum's field 
of interest and research, begins on page 104. 



Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, gave illustrated 
talks on his field work in Arizona to archaeology clubs at Highland 
Park and Oak Park-River Forest (Illinois) high schools. Dr. Donald 
Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, 
and George I. Quimby, Curator of North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, taught courses at the University of Chicago, Dr. Roland 
W. Force, Curator of Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology, presented 
a seminar, and Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator of Asiatic Archaeology 
and Ethnology, gave a lecture. Curator Quimby lectured also at 
the Chicago Academy of Sciences and at Wayne State University. 
Phillip H. Lewis, Associate Curator of Primitive Art, lectured to 
students of the Therapy School of Manteno (Illinois) State Hospital 
who are being trained to teach the mentally ill. 

The course in museology, which is given by the Museum's anthro- 
pologists in co-operation with the Department of Anthropology of 
the University of Chicago, was continued at the Museum. Miss 
Ann N. Levin, Chicago Natural History Museum Fellow in Anthro- 
pology of the University of Chicago for 1959-60, completed a study 
of the art of the Grassland tribes of the Cameroons, and Miss Mary 
Hogquist, Museum Fellow for 1960-61, has started a project con- 
cerned with physical anthropology. 

Dr. Louis O. Williams, Associate Curator of Central American 
Botany, addressed a botany seminar at the University of Chicago. 
His subject was "The Highland Flora of Central America." 

Dr. Everett C. Olson, Chairman of the Department of Geology 
at the University of Chicago and Research Associate of the Museum, 
continued to hold his course in vertebrate paleontology at the Mu- 
seum. Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Curator of Fossil Reptiles, and Dr. 
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, took 
part in a seminar at Marquette University. Curator Richardson 
lectured on three occasions at the Chicago Academy of Sciences and 
Harry E. Changnon, Curator of Exhibits, conducted five geology 
field-trips for the Chicago Academy of Sciences as part of a sequence 
of physical-science lectures and field trips for local science teachers 
and students under the sponsorship of the National Science Founda- 
tion. Bertram G. Woodland, Associate Curator of Petrology, gave a 
radio talk as part of a science series sponsored by the Chicago Board 
of Education. 

A phase of work in our geology laboratories that in recent years 
has grown to considerable size and importance is the preparation 
of plaster reproductions of fossil specimens in our study collections 


for other museums, colleges, and universities. This year several 
hundred casts were made and sent to the American Museum of 
Natural History, Science Museum (St. Paul), Princeton University, 
University of Ottawa (Canada), University of Illinois, and University 
of Wisconsin. 

Dr. Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, lec- 
tured to a class in comparative anatomy at the University of Chicago. 
Rupert L. Wenzel, Curator of Insects, taught a course in field zoology 
at the University of Chicago for the first five weeks of the fall 
quarter and Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, who was appointed 
Research Associate in the Department of Biology at Northwestern 
University, lectured before seminars at Northwestern University and 
Purdue University. Associate Curator Dybas also taught ecology 
in a high-school-level summer institute of biology at Knox College, 
a project that was supported by the National Science Foundation 
along with similar institutes in other parts of the country. 

Dr. Alan Solem, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, gave a lecture 
at the University of Arizona and D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Verte- 
brate Anatomy, who continued as Lecturer in the Department of 
Zoology at the University of Chicago, sat on two examination boards. 
Harry Hoogstraal, Research Associate in the Division of Insects, 
received the Distinguished Civilian Award of the United States 
Department of Defense for his research on ticks and tick-borne 
diseases of man and animals. 

Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Director, was invited to become a member 
of the Citizens Board of the University of Chicago. Dr. Gregg and 
John R. Millar, Chief Curator of Botany, in a radio interview on 
station WCLM (FM) by Edwin Moll titled "Keys to the Three 
Kingdoms," gave a general exposition of the work of the Museum. 
Dr. Gregg also described the work of the Museum for the adult 
education seminar of the University of Chicago that visited the 
Museum with Dean Cyril Houle. 

Universities and colleges whose classes visited the scientific de- 
partments of the Museum or otherwise used the Museum's facilities 
were: Adrian College, Beloit College, University of Chicago, Chicago 
Teachers College, De Paul University, Drake University, Elmhurst 
College, Emmanuel Missionary College, Fort Wayne Bible College, 
Frankfort (Indiana) Pilgrim College, Garrett Biblical Institute, 
George Williams College, Goshen College, Grace Theological Sem- 
inary, Grambling College, University of Illinois (Chicago), Illinois 
College of Chiropody, Illinois Institue of Technology, Indiana Cen- 
tral College, Indiana University, Iowa State Teachers College, Loyola 
University, Manchester (Indiana) College, Marquette University, 

McMaster University (Canada), Midland College (Nebraska), Mid- 
west Bible College (Missouri), Morton Junior College, National 
College of Education, North Central College, North Park College, 
North Texas State College, Northern Illinois University, North- 
western College (Wisconsin), Northwestern University, University 
of Notre Dame, Pestalozzi-Froebel Teachers College, Rockford Col- 
lege, Roosevelt University, Rosary College, Saint Cloud State College, 
Saint Joseph College, Saint Mary's College, Shimer College, Univer- 
sity of Southern Utah, Valparaiso University, Western Michigan 
University, Wheaton College, and University of Wisconsin. Mis- 
cellaneous groups included students from Monterrey, Mexico, and 
fifteen anatomists from Moscow, U.S.S.R. 

Supervised classes from art schools, including the Chicago Acad- 
emy of Art, Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, Institute of Design, and 
School of the Art Institute of Chicago, continued to use the Museum 
exhibits for classroom work in painting, modeling, and sketching 
(see page 32). The Chicago Area Science Fair, which is sponsored 
by the Chicago Teachers Science Association, was held in the Museum 
on a Saturday in May. 

Under the co-operative plan adopted in 1946 by this Museum 
and Antioch College (Yellow Springs, Ohio) thirteen students were 
employed in 1960 by the Museum in its scientific departments 
and General Library. Names of these young men and women are 
listed in appropriate places in this Report. 

Organizations that used the facilities of the Museum for their 
regular meetings or lectures include Illinois Audubon Society, Nature 
Camera Club of Chicago, Kennicott Club, and Illinois Orchid Society. 
Chamber-music concerts in James Simpson Theatre under the aus- 
pices of the Free Concerts Foundation continued. 

During the summer the Director of the Museum, as part of an 
extended trip in Europe, visited a number of museums and zoological 
gardens, returning, in many instances, visits made to this Museum 
by scientists or officers of those institutions. His itinerary included 
Bremen, Amsterdam, Antwerp, Waterloo, Brussels, Tervuren, Ge- 
neva, Basel, and Nuremberg. 

A number of museum administrators visited this Museum during 
the year especially to study our methods. Dr. John W. Evans, 
Director of the Australian Museum at Sydney, visited the Museum 
under a grant from the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and 
Cultural Organization in connection with his study of museum organ- 
ization, display preparation and techniques, and educational features. 
J. A. Rafferty, member of Parliament of Australia, included the 
Museum on his world trip to study museum construction and admin- 


istration. Dr. Harald Seller, Director of the City Museum of Wupper- 
tal, Germany, came to seek material for his book on museum prob- 
lems, including techniques, construction, illumination, conservation, 
ventilation, and care of collections. Leo Heuwing, Director of 
Deutsches Museum in Munich, visited the Museum when he was in 
Chicago as guest of the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry. 

Many other scientists visited the four scientific departments of 
the Museum during the year, some of them to consult the study 
collections or to use the laboratories and workrooms. The following 
list (which does not include our many welcome visitors from the 
Chicago area) is, of course, incomplete. 

Visiting anthropologists included Dr. Pedro Armillas, Dr. James 
B. Griffin, and Dr. William B. Trousdale, University of Michigan; 
Dr. Roman Pina Chan, Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia 
(Mexico) ; Chang Hsiian and Chow Fang, Metropolitan Museum of 
Art; Dr. Chiang Fu-tsung, National Central Library (Taiwan); Dr. 
Michael Coe, Yale University; Dr. Jose M. Cruxent, Museo de 
Ciencias Naturales (Venezuela); Barbro Dahlgren-Jordan, Museo 
National de Antropologia (Mexico) ; Dr. Edward B. Danson, Museum 
of Northern Arizona; Dr. Phillip J. C. Dark, Southern Illinois Uni- 
versity; Dr. Frederick Dockstader, Museum of the American Indian; 
Fernando Garcia Esteban, Centro de Arte (Uruguay) ; Professor Jean 
Guiart, University of Paris (Sorbonne); Janvier L. Hamell, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania; and 

Dr. Jorge Iribarren, Museo de Arqueologia (Chile); Professor 
Jesse D. Jennings, University of Utah; Dr. Richard S. MacNeish, 
National Museum of Canada; Professor Shinji Maejima, Keio Uni- 
versity (Tokyo) ; Professor Mao Tzu-shui, National Taiwan Univer- 
sity; Josea Mapondera, Rhodes National Gallery (Southern Rho- 
desia) ; Dr. William Mayer-Qakes, University of Oklahoma; Dr. Rene 
Millon, University of California; Dr. H. Miiller-Beck, Bernisches 
Historisches Museum (Switzerland) ; Dr. Robert W. Newman, Mis- 
souri Basin Archaeological Project; Dr. Robert Ritzenthaler, Mil- 
waukee Public Museum; E. B. Sayles, Arizona State Museum; 
Professor Sosuki Sugihara, Meiji University (Tokyo); Dr. Albert C. 
Spaulding, National Science Foundation; Dr. Alexander Spoehr, 
Bernice P. Bishop Museum; Dr. Naotune Watanabe, University of 
Tokyo; and Dr. Gordon R. Willey, Peabody Museum (Harvard 
University) . 

Visiting botanists included Dr. Carolyn K. Allen, New York 
Botanical Garden; John Beaman and William Overlease, Michigan 
State University; Dr. Maria Buchinger, Direccion de Investigaciones 
Forestales (Argentina); Dr. Richard S. Cowan, Dr. Lyman B. Smith, 





and Dr. William L. Stern, United States National Museum; Gerald 
Feldner and Dr. Mildred E. Mathias, University of California at 
Los Angeles; Professor J. M. Gillette, Plant Research Institute 
(Canada) ; Dr. Howard Hyland, Plant Industry Station (Maryland) ; 
A. Keating, University of Cincinnati; Dr. Job Kuijt, University of 
British Columbia; Professor Donald Larson, University of Houston; 
Dr. Cyrus L. Lundell, Texas Research Foundation; Mrs. Julia F. Mor- 
ton, University of Miami (Florida) ; Dr. John Papaioannoe, University 
of Thessaloniki (Greece); Dr. Marcel Raymond, Jardim Botanique 
de Montreal; Robert Rodin, California Institute of Technology; 
Paul J. Sage, Indiana University; Richard Smiley, Carleton College; 
Dr. Oscar Tobar, Museo de Historia Natural (Peru); Dr. Ruth 
Walker, University of Wisconsin (Milwaukee) ; Dr. Grady Webster, 
Purdue University; Dr. R. L. Wilbur, Duke University; and Llewelyn 
Williams, Randolph, Wisconsin. 

Visiting geologists included Dr. Richard J. Anderson, Berkeley 
Heights, New York; Dr. Walter Auffenberg, Boulder, Colorado; 
Dr. Robert S. Bader, University of Illinois; Dr. John Clark, South 
Dakota School of Mines; Dr. C. Barry Cox, King's College (London) ; 
John Dallman and Dr. William G. Reeder, University of Wisconsin; 
Dr. Albert R. Dawe and Dr. Louis S. Kornicker, Office of Naval 
Research (Chicago); Dr. Mary Dawson, Smith College; Dr. A. 
Gordon Edmund, Royal Ontario Museum; Dr. Mona Edwards, 
British Museum (Natural History) ; Bruce Erickson, Science Museum 
(St. Paul) ; Dr. R. C. Gutschick and Dr. Archie MacAlpin, University 
of Notre Dame; Dr. Marjorie Hooker, Dr. Richard L. Konizeski, 
and Dr. Alfred Pommer, United States Geological Survey; Dr. George 
Jakway, University of Nebraska State Museum; and 

Irving C. Johnson, El Monte, California; Dr. Wann Langston, Jr., 
National Museum of Canada; Dr. A. Lee McAlester and Dr. Karl 
Waag^, Yale Peabody Museum; Dr. Josu^ Camargo Mendes, Uni- 
versity of Sao Paulo (Brazil); Richard Neavel, Indiana Geological 
Survey; Franklin L. Pearch and Dr. Alexander Wetmore, United 
States National Museum; Dr. Frank H. T. Rhodes, University 
College (Wales); Dr. Alfred S. Romer, Museum of Comparative 
Zoology; Dr. Paul Sartenser, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles 
(Brussels); Dr. Bobb Schaeffer and Walter C. Sorensen, American 
Museum of Natural History; Dr. Robert E. Sloan, University of 
Minnesota; and Howard Stains, Southern Illinois University. 

Visiting zoologists included Dr. Thomas H. G. Aitken^ Trinidad 
Regional Virus Laboratory; Dr. Sydney Anderson, Peter S. Chrap- 
liwy, and Robert G. Webb, University of Kansas; Dr. Manawel 
Araiche, University of Rochester School of Medicine; John H. Ard- 


ley, Bubia Agricultural Station (New Guinea); Dr. Paul H. Arnaud 
and Dr. Alan Levi ton, California Academy of Sciences; Dr. Walter 
Auffenberg and Dr. T. Paul Maslin, University of Colorado; Dr. Paul 
Basch, Emporia State Teachers College; George A. Bates, London; 
Dr. Charles O. Bechtol (Medical Center), Dr. Nicholas E. Collias, 
and Dr. Boyd W. Walker, University of California at Los Angeles; 
Dr. Joseph Bequaert and Dr. Giles W. Mead, Harvard College; 
Mr. and Mrs. Cristopher Billups, Lawrenceburg, Indiana; Laurence 
C. Binford, Louisiana State University; and 

Dr. Charles M. Bogert, Dr. Albert E. Parr, and Dr. and Mrs. 
Charles Vaurie, American Museum of Natural History; Dr. James E. 
Bohlke, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; Rudyerd 
Boulton, Atlantica Foundation (Southern Rhodesia); Arden Brame 
and Dr. Arnold Kluge, University of Southern California; Dr. Walter 
Brown, Warren Freihofer, and Dr. and Mrs. George Myers, Stanford 
University; Harvey R. Bullis, Jr., Norman Pease, and Dr. Daniel M. 
Cohen, United States Fish and Wildlife Service; Dr. Emmet T. 
Hooper, Dr. Robert R. Miller, Dr. John B. Burch, D. F. Owen, 
Richard Parker, and Dr. Charles Walker, University of Michigan; 
Mr. and Mrs. Emery P. Chace, San Diego Society of Natural 
History; M. Cole, Bo School (Africa); Mr. and Mrs. Melvin Corn- 
field, New York; Dr. E. J. Grossman, Dr. A. Gordon Edmund, and 
Dr. W. B. Scott, Royal Ontario Museum; Dr. Rezneat M. Darnell, 
Marquette University; James R. Dixon, Agricultural and Mechanical 
College of Texas; Dr. Herndon Dowling, New York Zoological Park; 
Dr. Carl J. Drake, Dr. Carter R. Gilbert, Dr. Ernest Lachner, and 
Dr. Alexander Wetmore, United States National Museum; Frederick 
R. Fechner, Rockford, Illinois; Dr. M. J. Fouquette, University of 
Florida; Dr. John W. Gehringer, United States Bureau of Commercial 
Fisheries; and 

Dr. N. Ghaffary, University of Teheran (Iran); Dr. Robert H. 
Gibbs, Jr., Boston University; Bruce Hayward, University of Arizona; 
Dr. Johann Gerhard Helmcke, Berlin; Donald Herold (Director), 
Davenport Science Museum; James Huheey, Miss Wilma Lehmann, 
Dr. Richard B. Selander, and Dr. Joseph Tihen, University of Illinois; 
Dr. David L. Jameson, San Diego State University; Dr. Siro Kawa- 
guti, Okayama University (Japan); Dr. M. L. Keith, Pennsylvania 
State University; Dr. David H. Kistner, Chico State College; Dr. 
John M. Legler, University of Utah; Kim Hing Liem, Universitas 
Indonesia; Dr. T. H. Manning, Ottawa; and 

Dr. Romeo Mansuetti, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory; Stuart 
Marks, North Carolina State College; Walter Mcllhenny, Avery 
Island, Louisiana; Dr. A. E. W. Miles, London; Dr. George A. Moore, 


Oklahoma State University; Miss Setsuoka Nakata, Bernice P. Bishop 
Museum; Henry Le Nestour, Paris; Brother G. Nicholas and E. 
Winkler, University of Notre Dame; Miss Peggy Nicklin, Trenton; 
Dr. James A. Peters, San Fernando Valley State College; John Porter, 
University of New Mexico; Dr. Frank W. Preston, Butler, Pennsyl- 
vania; Dr. Manning A. Price, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station; 
Dr. Gerbert Rebell, New Brunswick, New Jersey; and 

Dr. Neil Richmond, Carnegie Museum; Dr. C. Richard Robins, 
University of Miami (Florida); Dr. Herbert H. Ross and Dr. Milton 
W. Sanderson, Illinois State Natural History Survey; Douglas A. 
Rossman, Southern Illinois University; Dr. Janis A. Roze, Universi- 
dad Central (Venezuela); Dr. Reece I. Sailer, Beltsville, Maryland; 
Gilberto Silva-Taboada, Havana; Royal D. Suttkus, Tulane Uni- 
versity of Louisiana; Dr. Vadim D. Vladykov, University of Ottawa 
(Canada); Miss Jane Walker, South African Veterinary Research 
Organization (Nairobi, Kenya); Harlan Walley, Sandwich, Illinois; 
and Jay Webber, Miami, Florida. 

Widely known visitors to the Museum were Sir Edmund Hillary, 
leader of the World Book Encyclopedia Scientific Expedition to the 
Himalayas (see page 24), Desmond Doig, its official reporter, and 
Kumja Chumji, the Sherpa villager, who brought the "yeti scalp" 
to the Museum where the first correct identification of the object 
was made by the Division of Mammals. Marlin Perkins, Director 
of Lincoln Park Zoo (Chicago), who was a member of the World 
Book Expedition, accompanied the group to the Museum. 





The death early in the year of Horace B. Harte, Public Relations 
Counsel, called for immediate emergency-plans to continue the work 
of the Division of Public Relations. Miss Marilyn Jindrich, who 
was promoted to Associate in Public Relations, worked alone and 
kept the Division of Public Relations functioning throughout the 
very difficult period of readjustment. Mrs. Paula R. Nelson joined 
the staff in May as Public Relations Counsel. 

The list of publicity outlets for Museum materials was carefully 
checked and revised to make certain that information about the 
Museum would reach the public through selected newspapers, maga- 
zines, and radio and television programs. The report of the discovery 
by the Museum's Southwest Archaeological Expedition of a six- 
hundred-year-old sacred image of sandstone was given wide circula- 
tion and first came to the attention of the Director of the Museum 
in a copy of the Paris edition of the New York Herald Tribune in 
Brussels. Installation and successful operation of Soundtrek, the 
Museum's radio-guide system, was featured on Jack Mabley's pro- 
gram on radio station WBBM. 

The format of the Museum's monthly Bulletin was changed in 
the hope of making it more attractive and most easily read. As in 
former years, many stories from the Bulletin found their way into 
the columns of the daily press, often through syndicated stories 
with nation-wide circulation. 

An important aspect of the work of the Division of Public 
Relations is personal service to representatives of organizations, 
the communications media, and the general public. Information 
for house organs and conventions and for other distribution is always 
available and promptly supplied to those having needs for it. 

The Museum wishes especially to express its gratitude to the 
Chicago Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago Daily News, and Chi- 
cago's American for constant interest in the Museum and ready 
willingness to present its story to readers. Our thanks also go to 
the radio and television stations of greater Chicago that so often 
made their air channels available both for special features and for 
spot announcements. The service of the press, radio, and television 
has done much to bring the public into contact with the educational 
opportunities sponsored by the Museum. We also thank the Chicago 
and North Western Railway, Chicago Transit Authority, and Illinois 
Central System for displaying without charge in their local stations 
placards advertising lectures and other Museum events, a courtesy 
that has continued for many years. 



An important contribution to education in American Indian ar- 
chaeology is the new film "A Sauk Village Site," which has been 
produced jointly by the Museum and the Department of Anthro- 
pology of the University of Illinois. 

"Through These Doors," the film that depicts Museum activities, 
was in constant use during the year, being sent out as in previous 
years on a free-loan basis to social and educational organizations. 
Because of the increasing number of requests, two additional prints 
were purchased, making a total of eight prints of the film now 
available. All photography for a new film showing Museum activities 
was completed and awaits script preparation. 

General inspection, cleaning, and repairing of film in the Museum's 
Film Library were accomplished on the usual twice-a-year basis. 
Cataloguing and accessioning film subjects, which now number 104 
complete productions, were finished. 


The problem in the Division of Photography during the past year 
has been to keep up with the tremendous amount of work with- 
out sacrificing quality. A partial solution was achieved by the 
addition to the staff of Kurt Bogen, Assistant, who has confined 
his efforts to printing so that John Bayalis, Photographer, and 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant, could devote the time necessary to 
production of the Museum photographs that have been lauded so 
widely for their fine quality. The increasing work resulted partially 
from the death of J. S. Daston, Assistant in Botany, who had been 
handling photographs of botanical type-specimens. 

Production for the year of negatives, prints, enlargements, trans- 
parencies, and slides by the Division of Photography totaled 30,126 
items. Miss Mary Creed capably cared for prints and negatives, 
checking, numbering, and filing a total of 126,241 items. 

A memorandum from E. John Pfiffner, Staff Artist, describes 
the year in the Division of Illustration as "routine but pleasant.'' 
Nevertheless he and Miss Marion Pahl, Staff Illustrator, performed 
ably in producing illustrations, posters, exhibit layouts, and other 
specialized assignments. Considerably more work was brought to the 
Division of Illustration by the change in format of the Museum 
Bulletin. Planning also was required in connection with exhibition 
programs that will materialize in succeeding years. 










HALL 28 



It should be remembered that the Book Shop was founded to 
extend the educational outreach of the Museum rather than as a 
medium to produce income. Thus of highest importance in the 
record of the year are the sale of publications written by Museum 
staff members and the distribution of color-transparencies of our 
educational exhibits that combine the ideas of Museum scientists 
and the technical skills of Museum artists and preparators. Total 
sales for the year were $183,636.15. Although over-the-counter sales 
increased, sales by mail decreased, resulting in a small decrease 
in total sales. Museum Storybooks, written by members of Ray- 
mond Foundation staff, continued to be popular with the children, 
and 17,366 copies were sold (10 new titles were published during the 
year, see page 101). Sales of educational color-transparencies of 
Museum exhibits increased to a total of 15,712 units. 


Distribution of Museum publications in 1960 continued the gen- 
erally upward trend that has been evident in recent years. Publica- 
tions shipped without charge under existing exchange relations with 
other institutions and individuals totaled 23,690 copies. Sales of 
65,425 copies were considerably higher than in any previous year. 
Additional help was not required to handle this increase in work 
primarily because of the loyal and co-operative efforts of Raymond A. 
N. Gomes and Miss Hilda Nordland. 

During the year the Museum issued 27 publications in its scien- 
tific series and 1 in its Memoirs series, 1 annual report, 1 guidebook, 
1 handbook, 14 Museum Storybooks (4 reprints), and 1 index. Of 
these, copies printed by the Museum Press totaled 44,213 from 
1,884 pages of type composition. Twelve issues of Chicago Natural 
History Museum Bulletin were printed, averaging 8,351 copies an 
issue. In addition there were posters, price lists, lecture schedules, 
invitations, announcements, and looseleaf Museum Stories (Ray- 
mond Foundation), totaling 818,700 impressions. 

Indian Art of the Americas (64 pages, 65 illustrations, paper- 
bound), a catalogue by Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South Amer- 
ican Archaeology and Ethnology (see Annual Report 1959, page 51), 
was selected by the Chicago Book Clinic as a Top Honor Book for 
display in its Eleventh [1960] Annual Exhibition of Chicago and 
Midwestern Bookmaking. 




Force, Roland W. 

Leadership and Cultural Change in Palau, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 50, 
211 pages, 31 illustrations, 1 map 

Martin, Paul S., and John B. Rinaldo 

Excavations in the Upper Little Colorado Drainage, Eastern Arizona, Fieldiana: 
Anthropology, volume 51, number 1, 129 pages, 61 illustrations, 1 map 
Table Rock Pueblo, Arizona, Fieldiana: Anthropology, volume 51, number 2, 
172 pages, 91 illustrations, 1 map 


Macbride, J. Francis 

Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, volume 13, part 1, number 2, 100 pages 
Flora of Peru, Botanical Series, volume 13, part 5, number 2, 319 pages 


Orchids of Peru, Fieldiana: Botany, volume 30, number 3, 262 pages, 
58 illustrations 

Smith, C. Earle, Jr. 

A Revision of Cedrela (Meliaceae), Fieldiana: Botany, volume 29, number 5, 
62 pages, 15 illustrations 


Carman, J. Ernest 

The Stratigraphy of the Devonian Holland Quarry Shale of Ohio, Fieldiana: 
Geology, volume 14, number 1, 5 pages, 1 illustration 

Denison, Robert H. 

Fishes of the Devonian Holland Quarry Shale of Ohio, Fieldiana: Geology, vol- 
ume 11, number 10, 61 pages, 33 illustrations 

Reeder, William G. 

Two New Rodent Genera from the Oligocene White River Formation (Family 
Heteromyidae), Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 35, 14 pages, 7 illus- 
trations, 2 tables 

Turnbull, William D. 

A Lance Didelphid Molar, With Comments on the Problems of the Lance Ther- 
ians, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 10, number 36, 13 pages, 2 illustrations 

Turnbull, William D., and Charles A. Reed 

Arctoryctes and Some Other Chadronian Vertebrate Microfossils from Nebraska, 
Fieldiana: Geology, volume 14, number 3, 17 pages, 6 illustrations 

Zangerl, Rainer, and Robert E. Sloan 

A New Specimen of Desmatochelys lowi Williston, A Primitive Cheloniid Sea 
Turtle from the Cretaceous of South Dakota, Fieldiana: Geology, volume 14, 
number 2, 36 pages, 24 illustrations 

Zangerl, Rainer, and Wann Langston, Jr. 

The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part V, An Ad- 
vanced Cheloniid Sea Turtle. Part VI, The Dinosaurs, Fieldiana: Geology 
Memoirs, volume 3, numbers 5 and 6, 95 pages, 44 illustrations 




Castle, P. H. J. 

Two Eels of the Genus Synaphobranchus from the Gulf of Mexico, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 39, number 35, 12 pages, 2 illustrations 

Delfinado, Mercedes D. 

Philippine Zoological Expedition 191^6-191^7: On Some Parasitic Laelaptoid 
Mites (Acarina) of the Philippines, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 42, number 8, 
22 pages, 17 illustrations 

Dybas, Henry S. 

A New Genus of Blind Beetles from a Cave in South Africa, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 39, number 36, 7 pages, 2 illustrations 

Grey, Marion 

Sonoda paucilampa, A New Conostomatid Fish from the Western Atlantic, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 42, 7 pages, 1 illustration 

Inger, Robert F. 

A Review of the Oriental Toads of the Genus Ansobia Stoliczka, Fieldiana: 
Zoology, volume 39, number 43, 31 pages, 11 illustrations 
Notes on Toads of the Genus Pelophryne, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, num- 
ber 39, 4 pages, 1 illustration 

Marx, Hymen 

A New Colubrid Snake of the Genus Atractus, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, 
number 38, 3 pages, 1 illustration 

A New Iguanid Lizard of the Genus Ctenoblepharis, Fieldiana: Zoology, vol- 
ume 39, number 37, 3 pages, 1 illustration 

Rand, Austin L. 

A New Species of Babbling Thrush from the Philippines, Fieldiana: Zoology, 
volume 39, number 33, 2 pages 

Rand, Austin L., and Dioscoro S. Rabor 

Birds of the Philippine Islands: Siquijor, Mount Malindang, Bohol, and Samar, 
Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 35, number 7, 221 pages 

Smith, Ellen Thorne 

Review of Pioniis Maximiliani (Kuhl), Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, num- 
ber 34, 7 pages, 1 map 

Voss, Gilbert L. 

Bermudan Cephalopods, Fieldiana: Zoology, volume 39, number 40, 28 pages, 
3 illustrations 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

Three Neiv Histerid Beetles from the Pacific Northwest, with Records and Synony- 
mies of Additional Species (Coleoptera: Histeridae), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol- 
ume 39, number 41, 17 pages, 3 illustrations, 1 map 

Wirth, W. W., and a. a. Hubert 

Philippine Zoological Expedition 191f7-191f7: Camptopterohelea, A New Genus 
of Ceratopogonidae from the Philippines {Diptera), Fieldiana: Zoology, vol- 
ume 42, number 7, 3 pages, 1 illustration 




Andre, Maryl 

Bible Animals, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 21 pages, 9 illustra- 
tions, paperbound (second printing) 

BucHvvALD, June 

Life in the South American Jungle, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 
21 pages, 11 illustrations, paperbound 

[Cramer, Roberta, and Others] 

Indians of Early Chicago, Museum Storybook (8 Museum Stories), 20 pages, 

9 illustrations, paperbound (third edition) 

Fleming, Edith 

Africa and Its People, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 21 pages, 

10 illustrations, paperbound (second printing) 

From Cave Man to City Dweller, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 
21 pages, 9 illustrations, paperbound 

The Chao Family of China, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 22 pages, 
9 illustrations, 1 map, paperbound 

Sharpe, Jane, and Lorain Stephens 

Mythical Animals, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 21 pages, 9 illus- 
trations, paperbound 

Smith, Harriet 

Holiday in Ancient Egypt, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 22 pages, 

9 illustrations, 1 map, paperbound 

Indian Neighbors, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 22 pages, 8 illus- 
trations, 1 map, paperbound 

[Smith, Harriet, and Others] 

Nature Magic, Museum Storybook (8 Museum Stories), 20 pages, 8 illustra- 
tions, paperbound 

SvoBODA, Marie 

Bible Plants, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 21 pages, 9 illustra- 
tions, paperbound 

Weaver, Dolla Cox 

Days of the Dinosaurs, Museum Storybook (8 Museum Stories), 20 pages, 
8 illustrations, 1 chart, paperbound (second printing) 

Wood, Miriam, and Marie Svoboda 

Plant Adventurers, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 21 pages, 10 illus- 
trations, paperbound 

[WoRSHAM, Nancy, and Others] 

Life in the Polar Regions, Museum Storybook (9 Museum Stories), 21 pages, 

10 illustrations, paperbound 


General Guide, Chicago Natural History Museum, 48 pages, 32 illustrations, floor 
plans, map (thirty-ninth edition) 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1959, 178 pages, 
26 illustrations 

Through the Halls, Chicago Natural History Museum, 39 pages, 36 illustrations in 




Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin, volume 31 (1960), 12 numbers, 96 pages, 

the following articles and reviews by staff members of chicago natural 
history museum are printed in volume 31 of the bulletin: 

Collier, Donald 

"Alfred Lewis Kroeber, 1876-1960," no. 11, p. 8 

"Aztec Sculpture," no. 6, pp. 4-5, 15 illustrations (also 2 illustrations on 

page 2 and cover picture) 

Fleming, Robert L. 

"Something New in Calendars — Nepal's Unusual Year," no. 3, pp. 3, 7, 
1 illustration 

Force, Roland W. 

"Discovery of the Pacific Isles: 'Blackbirding' and the Decline of Island Cul- 
tures" [part 5], no. 5, pp. 4-5, 1 illustration 

"Discovery of the Pacific Isles: It All Started with Spice and Ended with 
Science" [part 3], no. 3, pp. 4-5, 1 illustration 

"Discovery of the Pacific Isles: The Missionaries Create a Psalm Book Civili- 
zation" [part 4], no. 4, pages 3-4, 1 illustration 

"South Sea Isles: Discovery Not all Accolades and Fame" [part 2], no. 2, 
pp. 3, 7-8, 1 illustration 

"South Sea Isles: What Led to Early Discoveries" [part 1], no. 1, pp. 3, 8 
Review of Vikings of the Pacific (by Peter H. Buck), no. 5, p. 6, 1 illustration 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Supposed Ape-man or 'Missing Link' of South America," no. 4, pp. 6-7, 
1 illustration 

Review of The Mammals of North America (by E. Raymond Hall and Keith R. 
Kelson), no. 5, pp. 6-7, 1 illustration 

Inger, Robert F. 

"Dead on Road," no. 7, pp. 4-5, 1 cartoon 

Jindrich, Marilyn 

"Invaders, Beware!" no. 7, pp. 3, 8, 4 illustrations (and cover picture) 

" 'The Voices of Youth' — Letters Appraise the Museum," no. 2, p. 6, 1 cartoon 

MacMinn, Helen A. 

"Named Top Honor Book," no. 5, p. 2 

Nelson, Paula R. 

"The Great Cave of Niah," no. 9, pp. 4-5, 7, 3 illustrations 

"When Encyclopedias Ask the Experts," no. 8, pp. 6-8, 1 illustration 

Quimby, George I. 

"Burial Yields Clews to Red Ocher Culture," no. 2, p. 5, 1 illustration 

Rand, Austin L. 

"A Nature Calendar for 1960," no. 1, pp. 4-5, 12 illustrations 
Review of A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United 
States and Canada (by Reeve M. Bailey and others), no. 8, p. 3, 1 cartoon 
Review of Natural History of New York City (by John Kieran), no. 5, p. 8 
Review of The Tale of a Meadow (by Henry B. Kane), no. 5, p. 6 



RoscoE, Ernest J. 

"A 'Case' of Mistaken Identity," no. 9, pp. 3, 8, 5 illustrations 
"A Snail's Pace," no. 11, p. 3, 1 cartoon 

Smith, C. Earle, Jr. 

"Birnam Wood Comes to Dunsinane," no. 8, pp. 4-5, 16 illustrations 

SoLEM, Alan 

"Hidden Relics of the Ocean Deeps," no. 10, pp. 6-7, 1 illustration 
"Museum Receives Gift of Lifelong Hobby," no. 3, p. 8 
"Rocks, Snails, and Cactus Spines," no. 6, pp. 3, 8, 3 illustrations 
"Some Specimen Labels Tell Odd Stories," no. 2, p. 7 

Starr, Kenneth 

"Chinese Art and Christmas," no. 12, p. 3, 2 illustrations (and cover picture) 

Thieret, John W. 

"Frankincense and Myrrh," no. 12, pp. 6-8, 2 illustrations 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

"Parrots," no. 10, pp. 4-5, illustrated 

"The Museum's Newest Exhibit," no. 7, pp. 6-7, 1 illustration 

Williams, Louis 0. 

"Christmas in Honduras," no. 12, pp. 4-5, 3 illustrations 

Woodland, Bertram G. 

Review of The Chemical Elements (by Helen Miles Davis), no. 5, p. 7 

Woods, Loren P. 

"Nature Gave This Strange Fish Built-in Bifocals," no. 1, pp. 6-7, 

4 illustrations 

"The Alewife," number 11, pp. 6-8, 4 illustrations, 1 map 






Collier, Donald 

"Pottery Stamping and Molding on the North Coast of Peru," in Proceedings 
of the 33rd International Congress of Americanists [San Jose, Costa Rica], vol. 2, 
pp. 424-431 

Review of Maya Hieroglyphic Writing (2nd edition) (by J. Eric S. Thompson), 
in American Antiquity, vol. 26, no. 1, p. 128 

Force, Roland W. 

Review of Archaeological Excavations in Yap (by E. W. and D. S. Giflford), 
in Americati Anthropologist, vol. 62, no. 6, p. 1106 

Martin, Paul S. 

Review of Excavations at Nantack Village, Point of Pines, Arizona (by David A. 
Breternitz), in American Anthropologist, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 914-915 

QuiMBY, George I. 

"Habitat, Culture, and Archaeology," in Essays in the Science of Culture in 

Honor of Leslie A. White (edited by Gertrude E. Dole and Robert L. Carneiro) 

[Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York], pp. 380-389 

Indian Life in the Upper Great Lakes, 11,000 B.C. to a.d. 1800, xv + 182 pages, 

77 maps and illustrations [The University of Chicago Press] 

"Rates of Culture Change in Archaeology," American Antiquity, vol. 25, no. 3, 

pp. 416-417 

Review of Birdstones of the North American Indian (by Earl C. Townsend, Jr.), 

in American Antiquity, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 430 

RiNALDO, John B. 

Review of Excavations at Nantack Village, Point of Pines, Arizona (by David A. 
Breternitz), in American Antiquity, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 297-298 


Gibson, Dorothy 

"Late Negative Geotropism in Chelone," Rhodora, vol. 62, no. 738, p. 173 

Just, Theodor 

"A Bibliography of American Paleobotany, 1952-1957," Lloydia, vol. 22, 
no. 4, pp. 247-294 

"The Flower," in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (1960), 
pp. 326-334 

Sherff, Earl E. 

"Some Dicotyledonous Plants Recently Collected in the Hawaiian Islands," 
Brittonia, vol. 12, pp. 170-175 

Thieret, John W. 

"Calamovilfa longifolia and Its Variety magna," in American Midland Natu- 
ralist, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 169-176 

"The Formaldehyde Method of Collecting Plant Specimens," Turtox News, 
vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 114-115 [with Robert J. Reich] 

Review of Flora of Alberta (by E. H. Moss), in American Midland Naturalist, 
vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 510-511 

Review of The Wealth of India — A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and 
Industrial Products, Volume 5 {Raw Materials): H-K, in Economic Botany, 
vol. 14, no. 2, p. 159 



Williams, Louis O. 

"Cloves," Qualitas Plantarum et Material Vegetabiles, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 384 
Drug and Condiment Plants, Agricultural Handbook No. 172 [United States 
Department of Agriculture], 37 pages 

"Ucuuba and Related Waxlike Vegetable Tallows," Qualitas Plantarum et 
Material Vegetabiles, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 295-296 

Review of Food Plants of the South Sea Islands (by Jacques Barreau), in Eco- 
nomic Botany, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 170 

Review of Subsistence Agriculture in Melanesia (by Jacques Barreau), in Eco- 
nomic Botany, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 167 


Denison, Robert H. 

"Feeding Mechanisms of Agnatha, Acanthodii and Placodermi," The Ana- 
tomical Record, vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 342-343 

Olsen, Edward J. 

"An Attempt to Synthesize Graphite by the Disassociation of Carbon Diox- 
ide," Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 19, 1960, pp. 147-148 

Roy, Sharat K. 

A New Phosphate Mineral from the Springwater Pallasite [The University of 
Chicago, The Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies], 20 pages, 5 illus- 


Blake, Emmet R. 

"A Substitute Name for Crypturellus strigilosus peruviana," The Auk, vol. 77, 
p. 92 

Davis, D. Dwight 

"The Feeding Mechanism in Mammals" (abstract), Anatomical Record, 

vol. 138, p. 342 

"The Naturalist in the Tropics Today," Proceedings of the Centenary and 

Bicenfennary Congress of Biology (1958) [Singapore], pp. 156-160 

"The Proper Goal of Comparative Anatomy," Proceedings of the Centennial 

and Bicentennary Congress of Biology (1958) [Singapore], pp. 44-45 

Review of A Laboratory Manual of Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Daudin (by 

Hazel Elisabeth Branch), in Copeia, 1960, p. 163 

Grey, Marion 

"A Preliminary Review of the Family Gonostomatidae, With a Key to the 
Genera and the Description of a New Species from the Tropical Pacific," 
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 57-125, 
3 illustrations 

"Description of a Western Atlantic Specimen of Scombrolabrax heterolepis 
Roule and Notes on Fishes of the Family Gempylidae," Copeia, 1960, no. 3, 
pp. 210-215, 3 illustrations 

Haas, Fritz 

"Caribbean Land Molluscs: Vertiginidae," Studies of the Fauna of Curaqao 
and other Caribbean Islands, vol. 10, pp. 1-17, 7 illustrations 
"Non-marine MoUusks from British Honduras," Nautilus, vol. 73, no. 4, 
pp. 129-131, 16 illustrations [with Alan Solem] 



Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Mammals of Northern Colombia, Preliminary Report No. 8: Arboreal Rice 
Rats, A Systematic Revision of the Subgenus Oecomys, Genus Oryzomys," 
Proceedings of the United States National Museum, vol. 110, pp. 513-568, 
18 illustrations 

"Publication Dates for Names of the Anubis Baboon," Journal of Mammalogy, 
vol. 41, pp. 402-403 

Inger, Robert F. 

"A Review of the Agamid Lizards of the Genus Phoxophrys Hubrecht," 
Copeia, 1960, no. 3, pp. 221-225 

Nelson, Edward M. 

"The Morphological Relationships of the Lateral-line Nerve in Certain 'Elec- 
tric Fishes,' " Copeia, 1960, no. 2, pp. 130-133, 4 illustrations 

Rand, Austin L. 

"Family Laniidae, Family Vangidae," in Check-list of Birds of the World 
[Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University], vol. 9, pp. 309-369 
"Family Pycnonotidae," in Check-list of Birds of the World [Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology, Harvard University], vol. 9, pp. 221-300 [with Herbert G. 

"Races of the Short-tailed Hawk, Buteo brachyurus," The Auk, vol. 77, no. 4, 
pp. 448-459 

RoscoE, Ernest J. 

"Collecting Mollusks in Desert Regions," in Hoiv to Collect Shells (2nd edi- 
tion) [American Malacological Union, Buffalo, New York], pp. 60-62 

SoLEM, Alan 

"Charles G. Nelson Collection," Nautilus, vol. 74, no. 1, p. 39 

"Fred L. Button Collection," Nautilus, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 38-39 

New Caledonian Non-marine Shells Collected by T. D. A. Cockerell in 1928 

[Notidae Naturae, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, number 338], 

9 pages, 8 illustrations 

"Non-marine Mollusca from the Florida Islands, Solomon Islands," Journal 

of the Malacological Society of Australia, no. 4, pp. 39-56, 3 illustrations 

"Notes on South American Non-marine Mollusca," Annali del Museo Civico 

de Sioria Naturale de Genova, vol. 71, pp. 416-432, 2 illustrations 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

"A New Race of Emberiza striolata," Natural History Miscellanea, no. 175, 
pp. 1-2 

"Francolinus schlegelii Heuglin in Cameroon," Bulletin of the British Ornithol- 
ogists' Club, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 86-88 

"Genera Corythornis, Ispidina and Myioceyx," Bulletin of the British Ornithol- 
ogists' Club, vol. 80, no. 8, pp. 144-146 

"Mutation in an African Flycatcher, Dyaphorophyia concreta," The Auk, 
vol. 77, pp. 80-82 

"Notes on the Birds of Angola, Non-Passeres," Companhia Diamantes de An- 
gola, Publicacoes Culturais, no. 51, pp. 132-186 

Woods, Loren P. 

A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and 
Canada (second edition), American Fisheries Special Publication No. 2, 
102 pages [with Reeve M. Bailey (chairman) and others] 
"Family Pomacentridae: Damselfishes," in Fishes of the Marshall and Mari- 
anas Isla7ids (by Leonard P. Schultz and collaborators) [United States National 
Museum Bulletin 202, volume 2], pp. 47-120, 46 illustrations 



Along with the increase in Museum attendance I am happy to 
report a substantial increase in the business of the cafeteria and 
lunchroom, which reached a total of 213,690 (an increase of 11 3^^ 
per cent). During the summer, when the Museum remained open 
on Saturday and Sunday evenings as well as on the Wednesday 
and Friday evenings when the free concerts are held in Grant Park, 
many persons who wished to spend the long summer evenings on 
the lakefront came to the Museum for an interesting visit to the 
exhibits and dinner in the Museum cafeteria. In all, the cafeteria 
and lunchroom served 247,509 persons. During the year the Museum 
expanded its facilities for school groups and individuals who bring 
their lunches to the Museum. 


The care of our huge building, including repairs and improvements 
as required, is but a part of the work of the divisions of Maintenance 
and Engineering. Heating, lighting, cleaning, snow-removal, and 
repair or replacement of nonfunctioning fixtures rendered ineffective 
by age, obsolescence, or vandalism are all parts of the normal work 
that makes possible our educational and scientific services to the 
people of the Chicago region. 

Necessary tuckpointing was done on entrance steps, terraces, and 
chimney. Wall washing and painting continued throughout the year, 
as did the repair and replacement of upholstery in James Simpson 
Theatre and the Lecture Hall. A new classroom, complete with 
public-address system, was built on the ground floor so that children's 
groups might be better briefed before visiting the Museum exhibits. 
A new information booth was constructed in Stanley Field Hall 
and wired for lighting and telephone. Lunchroom tables and rest 
benches were refinished as required. New storm sash were built 
and installed on both sides of the north entrance. 

In Hall 25 (Botany) closing of windows was completed and ceiling 
fixtures were removed. Outlets for lighting exhibit cases were in- 
stalled, together with new fixtures to light the murals. Closing of 
windows in Hall 28 (Botany) was begun and the new wiring was 
completed. Hall L (Anthropology) on the ground floor was re- 
modeled, and selected objects from Edward E. and Emma B. Ayer 
Hall (Hall 2, Anthropology) were moved to that location. The nec- 
essary cases were provided to permit installation in Ayer Hall of 


new exhibits for the Hall of Primitive Art (see page 48). Exhibit 
cases were provided as needed for Hall F (Anthropology), which is 
now being reinstalled. 

During the summer season the usual cleaning, repairing, and 
refitting of boilers, tubes, stokers, pumps, and accessories were 
done. Plumbing and electrical maintenance and extension continued 
throughout the year. One of the six magnificent chandeliers in 
Stanley Field Hall was completely rewired and the others were 
cleaned and relamped. Lighting of exhibit cases was completed in 
Hall 26 (Botany) and begun in Hall F (Anthropology) — the regular 
replacement of electric lamps through the building takes the full 
time of one man and much of the time of another. Completely new 
lighting was installed in the office of the Director of the Museum. 
New wire was installed for the public-address system in James 
Simpson Theatre and a new drinking fountain was placed in the 
adjacent lobby. In continuation of our electrical modernization 
program two new panel-boards for lighting were installed in loca- 
tions on the ground floor. 

During the heating season 37,610,600 pounds of steam were 
used to heat the Museum building while 10,050,000 pounds were 
furnished to Shedd Aquarium and 17,139,200 pounds to the Chicago 
Park District to heat its Administration Building and the offices 
and rooms in Soldier Field Stadium. New contracts were negotiated 
to cover this continuing service for the next contract periods. 


In the pages that follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, attendance statistics, door receipts, accessions, list of 
Members, articles of incorporation, and amended by-laws. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 
Chicago Natural History Museum 











FOR YEARS 1960 AND 1959 

I960 1959 

Total attendance 1,244,374 1,075,426 

Paid attendance 172,759 157,643 

Free admissions on pay days 

Students 55,670 53,662 

Schoolchildren 178,200 166,298 

Teachers 11,670 10,883 

Members of the Museum 954 756 

Service men and women 1,159 840 

Special meetings and occasions 10,412 3,640 

Press 84 43 

Admissions on free days 

Thursdays (52) 143,255 (52) 141,491 

Saturdays (53) 307,440 (52) 251,262 

Sundays (51) 362,771 (52) 288,908 

Highest attendance on any day 

(December 3) 13,472 (November 28) 13,888 

Lowest attendance on any day 

(February 15) 265 (January 5) 149 

Highest paid attendance (September 5) 3,757 (September 7) 3,236 

Average daily admissions (364 days) 3,418 (363 days) 2,963 

Average paid admssions (208 days) 831 (207 days) 765 

Number of picture postcards sold 273,247 278,682 

Sales of Museum publications (scientific 
and popular), General Guide, and 

photographs; checkroom receipts $ 41,788 $ 35,179 




FOR THE YEARS 1960 AND 1959 


RECEIPTS: 1960 1959 

Endowment income — 

From investments in securities $ 393,085 $ 386,590 

From investments in real estate* 403,535 406,801 

$ 796,620 $ 793,391 

*the Pittsfield Building was sold during 1960 

Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 344,455 $ 379,249 

Annual and sustaining memberships 30,220 29,340 

Admissions 43,190 39,411 

Sundry receipts, including general purpose 

contributions 87,624 80,574 

Restricted funds transferred to apply against 

Operating Fund expeditures (contra) 124,301 247,622 

$1,426,410 $1,569,587 


Operating expenses — 

Departmental $ 661,832 $ 633,983 

General 492,345 493,319 

Building repairs and alterations 98,914 97,321 

$1,253,091 $1,224,623 

Collections — purchases and expedition costs $ 67,448 $ 81,873 

Furniture, fixtures, and equipment 6,395 23,210 

Pension and employees' benefits 69,341 81,879 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 

(contra) 10,000 10,000 

Nonrecurring expenditures — 

Purchase and installation of boiler $ 20,226 $ 99,452 

Exterior lighting of Museum building 49,300 

$1,426,501 $1,570,337 

deficit for year $ 91 $ 750 








I960 1959 

Income from endowments $ 32,998 $ 31,120 

Expenditures 24,500 * 28,213 

SURPLUS FOR THE YEAR $ 8,498 $ 2,907 

* not including $4,293 for trucks purchased and charged to Depreciation Fund 


receipts: I960 1959 

From Specific Endowment Fund investments. ... $ 79,181 $ 74,367 

Contributions for specific purposes 52,675 54,187 

Operating Fund appropriation for mechanical 

plant depreciation (contra) 10,000 10,000 

Sundry receipts 62,292 63,541 

Gain on sale of restricted fund securities 3,271 7,161 

$ 207,419 $ 209,256 


Transferred to Operating Fund to apply against 

expenditures (contra) $ 124,301 $ 247,622 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 55,000 70,000 

$ 179,301 $ 317,622 

excess (deficiency) of receipts over 
expenditures $ 28,118 $ (108,366) 

The Trustees, 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

In our opinion, the accompanying statement presents fairly the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the current funds of Chicago Natural History Museum for the year 
ended December 31, 1960, in conformity with generally accepted accounting prin- 
ciples appHed on a basis consistent with that of the preceding year. Our exami- 
nation of the statement was made in accordance with generally accepted auditing 
standards, and accordingly included such tests of the accounting records and such 
other auditing procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. 

Arthur Young & Company 
Chicago, Illinois 
January 21, 1961 



Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation 

Cost of Museum lecture series $ 4,430.25 

Subsidy to publication program 1,559.39 

Frederick and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund 

Subsidy to publication program 1,998.74 

Mrs. T. B. Blackstone Fund 

Purchase of specimens 350.00 

Emily Crane Chadbourne Zoology Fund 

Purchase of specimens 347.50 

Field trip 375.00 

William J. and Joan A. Chalmers Trust Fund 

Purchase of specimens 134.10 

Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund 

Purchase of specimens 174.25 

Laboratory equipment 325.50 

CONOVER Game-Bird Fund 

Purchase of specimens 1,686.70 

Purchase of field equipment 1,541.56 

Harry A. Beatty Expedition 1,125.00 

D. S. Rabor Expedition 4,047.72 

Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund 

Fellowship grants to 

Dr. J. A. Roze 300.00 

Rev. H. B. Herrington 600.00 

Miss Mona R. J. Edwards 150.00 

Group Insurance Fund* 

Group insurance costs 6,451.06 

Subsidy to Pension Fund 4,500.00 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund 

Preparation, care, and distribution of exhibits to schools of Chicago 24,500.23 
The Johnson Foundation 

Research on waxy palms 2,963.87 

Berthold Laufer Memorial Fund 

Purchase of specimens 1,500.00 

Library FuNDf 

Purchase of books and periodicals 7,582.96 

Museum Purchase Funds 

Purchase of specimens 2,122.53 

National Science Foundation 

Research subsidies (various) 20,187.56 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and 
Children's Lecture Fund 

Subsidy to public school and children's lecture program 34,448.72 

Donald Richards Fund 

Subsidy to crytogamic botanical research 330.00 

Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund 

Field trip to Wyoming 800.00 

Purchase of specimens 100.00 

Karl P. Schmidt Fund 

Study grants 288.00 

These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which they 
were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than $15,000,000 
of unrestricted endowment funds was used in general Museum operation, 

* Established by Stanley Field 

t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones, and 
Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald 


Contributions and Bequests 

Contributions and bequests to Chicago Natural History 
Museum may be made in securities, money, books, or 
collections. They may, if desired, take the form of a 
memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the giver. 
For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, 
the following form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Chicago 
Natural History Museum to an amount not in excess of 
20 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income tax 






Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert J., 
Chicago: ethnological specimens — New 
Guinea (gift) 

Barber, Courtenay, Jr., Chicago: 
ethnological specimens — United States 
plains and New Guinea (gift) 

BuJAK, Walter, Cleveland: ink rub- 
bing of Maya carving and inscription — 
Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (gift) 

Carr, Mrs. Walter S., Chicago: 2 
pottery vessels — southwestern United 
States (gift); 2 mate cups (each with sip- 
ping tube) — Argentina (gift); 1 lantern 
—China (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Dr. Paul S. Martin 
(Southwest Archaeological Expedition, 
1960) : 575 stone, bone, shell, and baked- 
clay artifacts, 12 pottery vessels, 2 skele- 
tons, 1 human cranium, 41 charcoal and 
wood samples for dating, potsherds, 
charred corncobs, pigment samples, and 
unworked bone 

Purchases: 4 masks from Belgian Con- 
go, 1 Hawaiian necklace, 1 bracelet, 1 
chisel and 2 pottery vessels from Peru, 
Chinese puppets, Chinese rubbings, and 
collection of Chinese textiles 

Cowles, Alfred, Chicago: 4 Navaho 
blankets and 1 Indian necklace — south- 
western United States (gift) 

Dailey, Arthur A., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: effigy pottery vessel — Chile (gift) 

Davis, D. Dwight, Richton Park, 
Illinois: piece of bark cloth — Ituri For- 
est, Congo (gift) 

Easby, Mr. and Mrs. Dudley T., 
Jr., New York: painting of New Britain 
dance mask (by Miguel Covarrubias) — 
Mexico (gift) 

Farber, Mrs. Maude A., Chicago: 
ethnological specimens — Australia (gift) 

Faryaszewska, Mrs. L., Luluabourg, 
Belgian Congo: Asalampasu mask — Bel- 
gian Congo (gift) 

Flounders, Ben, Whyalla, South 
Australia: 34 stone tools — Australia 

Frederick, Mr. and Mrs. Clar- 
ence L., Chicago: ethnological speci- 
mens — Africa (gift) 

Fuller, Captain and Mrs. A. W. F., 
London: carved temple idol — Cook 
Islands (gift) 

Grafe, Robert, Chicago: skull and 
archaeological objects — Ontario County, 
New York (gift) 

Hayes, Frank L., Evanston, Illinois: 
ax — Africa (gift); Kukri knife — India 

Holabird, Mrs. John A., Chicago: 
Navaho textiles — southwestern United 
States (gift) 

Instituto de Investigaciones Cien- 
TIFICAS, Caracas, Venezuela: 26 type 
artifacts of stone of Paleo-Indian El Jobo 
complex — Venezuela (exchange) 

Koehler, Martin D., River Grove, 
Illinois: photographs of petroglyphs — 
Glen Canyon, Utah (gift) 

Michigan Archaeological Society, 
Wright L. Coffinberry Chapter, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan: 2 Woodland 
jars and 1 sherd — Oceana County, 
Michigan (exchange) 

Mueller, Mr. and Mrs. Fred, and 
Mrs. Pauline Tuck, Chicago: ethno- 
logical specimens — Samoa (gift) 

Taubenhaus, Mrs. Josephine, Chi- 
cago: Ming lacquer and brass box — 
China (gift) 

Thacker, Robert P., Chicago: model 
of Kusai house — Micronesia (gift) 

Tuck, Mrs. Pauline 
(see Mueller) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: type collection 
of prehistoric pottery — British Guiana 

Walter, Mrs. Allan W., Kenil- 
worth, Illinois: Hupa hat basket and 
Mono covered basket — California (gift) 

White, Mrs. Joseph, Chicago: deco- 
rated leather pouch — Africa (gift) 

Wielgus, Mr. and Mrs. Raymond, 
Chicago: Maori canoe prow carving — 
New Zealand (exchange); carved and 
painted zoomorphic wooden seat and 
gourd smoking-pipe — New Guinea( gift); 
necklace — Hawaii (gift); prehistoric ce- 
ramic bowl — Peru (gift) 



American Gum Importers Labora- 
tory, Inc., New York: 12 samples of 
various natural resins (gift) 

American Viscose Corporation, 
Fredericksburg, Virginia: 2 samples of 
synthetic gums (gift) 

Armstrong Cork Company, Lan- 
caster, Pennsylvania: 6 samples of var- 
ious cork products (gift) 

Bennett, Holly Reed, Chicago: 
3,566 specimens of vascular plants (gift) 

BiscHOFF, Harry W., Austin, Texas: 
2 type specimens of Chlamydomonas mi- 
crophila (gift) 

Bond Crown and Cork Company, 
Chicago: samples of various cork prod- 
ucts (gift) 

British Museum (Natural History), 
London: 198 specimens of vascular plants 

California, University of, Berke- 
ley: 156 specimens of vascular plants 

California at Los Angeles, Uni- 
versity OF, Los Angeles: 33 specimens 
of vascular plants (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Purchases: 67 specimens of Malayan 

ferns, 477 specimens of South American 

vascular plants 

Transfer: specimen of amber — from 
Department of Geology, Chicago Nat- 
ural History Museum (see Annual Re- 
port 1894-95 [vol. 1, no. 1, 1895], page 
30, Accessions, Department of Geology, 
and page 51, Purchases, Department of 

Corn Products Company, New York : 
samples of yellow dextrine, white dex- 
trine, and British gum (gift) 

Cornell University, Ithaca, New 
York: 46 specimens of vascular plants 

Culberson, Dr. William L., Dur- 
ham, North Carolina: 2 type specimens 
of Parmelia confoederata Culberson and 
Physcia culbersonii Thomson (gift) 

Deason, Dr. Temd R., Austin, Texas: 
21 type specimens of algae (gift) 

Dow Chemical Company, Midland, 
Michigan: samples of 3 kinds of "Meth- 
ocel" for use in exhibit on gums (gift) 

Forest Herbarium, Forest Research 
Station, Ibadan, Nigeria: 3 specimens of 
Cedrela (gift) 

Freeland, R. 0., Evanston, Illinois: 
2 specimens of mosses (gift) 

Gibson, Mrs. Dorothy, Chicago: 2 
vials of seed samples (gift) 

Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 1 specimen of Castanea mollis- 
sima and 2 specimens of mosses (gift) 

Haynie, Miss Nellie V., Elmhurst, 
Illinois: 3,980 specimens of vascular 
plants (gift) 

Hays, James D., Johnstown, New 
York: 8 slides of palm pollen (gift) 

HuBACH, Professor E., Bogota, Co- 
lombia: 4 fossil fruits of Saccoglottis cip- 
aconensis Berry (gift) 

Illinois State Museum, Springfield: 
5 specimens of vascular plants (gift) 

Illinois State Natural History 
Survey, Urbana: specimen of Tricho- 
manes Boschianum Sturm, (exchange) 
and specimen of Melochia corchorifolia 
L. (gift) 

Instituto Interamericano de Cien- 
ciAS Agricolas de la O. E. a., San Jose, 
Costa Rica: 31 specimens of vascular 
plants (gift) 

Iowa, State University of, Iowa 
City: 173 specimens of vascular plants 

IsiLDAR, Dr. FikreT, Canton, Ohio: 
2 packages of Turkish cigarettes (gift) 

Jardim Botanico DO Rio de Janeiro* 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 409 specimens of 
vascular plants (exchange) 

Johnston, Dr. Ivan M. (deceased), 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: fossil fruit 
of Saccoglottis (gift) 

Kansas, University of, Lawrence: 
150 specimens of vascular plants 

Kelco Company, Chicago: 3 samples 
of algin products (gift) 

Lankester, Charles H., Cartago, 
Costa Rica: 1 specimen of Eschweileria 
calyculafa Pittier and 2 specimens of 
Epidendrum serricardium Schltr. (gift) 

Lawrance, Alex E., Natal, British 
Columbia, Canada: 17 specimens of vas- 
cular plants (gift) 

MacDougall, Thomas, Tehuatipec, 
Mexico: specimen of Dahlia scapigera 


Marshall, Frank F., Ridgeway, 
Pennsylvania: samples of various tan- 
nins and tannin extracts (gift) 


Meer Corporation, New York: sam- 
ple of gum labdanum (gift) 

Minnesota, University of, Minne- 
apolis: 68 specimens of vascular plants 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis: 7 specimens of Scrophulariaceae 
(gift) and 299 specimens of vascular 
plants (exchange) 

Morningstar-Paisley, Inc., New 
York: samples of various gums and gum 
sources (gift) 

Morton, Dr. Friedrich, Salzkam- 
mergut, Austria: 5 larch-needle lake 
balls (gift) 

Morton, Mrs. Julia F., Coral 
Gables, Florida: tube of lipstick made 
from Bixa orellana derivative and de- 
scriptive pamphlet (gift) 

Museum National d'Histoire Nat- 
urelle, Paris: 980 specimens of vas- 
cular plants (exchange) 

Pabst, Dr. Guido F. J., Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil: 202 specimens of vas- 
cular plants (exchange) 

Falser, Dr. Barbara, Chicago: 17 
specimens of Ericaceae (gift) 

Pan American Petroleum Corpor- 
ation, Tulsa, Oklahoma: 292 slides of 
various pollens (exchange) 

Penick, S. B., and Company, New 
York: samples of Psyllium seeds, husks, 
quince seeds, and talha gum (gift) 

Phinney, Dr. Harry, Corvallis, Ore- 
gon: 4 slides of diatoms (gift) 

Ransom Company, L. E., New York: 
4 samples of dyestuffs (gift) 

Reich, Robert J., Chicago: 130 speci- 
mens of vascular plants (exchange) 

Ross, Walter S., Estate of, Chi- 
cago: 32 framed prints from Robert J. 
Thornton's The Temple of Flora (gift) 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Hastings, Mich- 
igan: 43 specimens of vascular plants 

Stein, Hall & Co., Inc., New York: 
sample of Cyamopsis psoralioides seeds 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Caracas, 
Venezuela: 3 specimens of Cedrela (gift) 

Strauch Chemical Distributors, 
Chicago: 6 samples of gums (gift) 

SwiNK, Floyd A., Willow Springs, 
Illinois: 159 specimens of vascular plants 

Tennessee, University of, Knox- 
ville: specimen of Herpetineuron toccoae 

Texas, University of, Austin: type- 
specimen of Cassia arlindo-andradei 
Hoehne (exchange) 

Thieret, Dr. John W., Homewood, 
Illinois: 186 specimens of vascular plants 

Traverse, Dr. Alfred, Houston: 
272 specimens of vascular plants 

Uni-Gum Division, T. M. Ducke & 
Sons, Inc., Clifton, New Jersey: 4 sam- 
ples of gums and extracts (gift) 

United States Testing Company, 
Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey: samples of 
various tannins and extracts (gift) 

Vermont, University of, Burling- 
ton: 640 specimens of vascular plants of 
Pringle Collection (exchange) 

Watson, Joseph, New Albany, Indi- 
ana: 111 specimens of vascular plants 

West Indies Chemical Works, Ltd., 
Spanish Town, Jamaica: 2 samples of 
dyewood and 4 samples of dyewood 
extracts (gift) 

Williams, Dr. Louis O., Park Forest, 
Illinois: 69 specimens of vascular plants, 
2 photographs, and 1 copy of descriptive 
literature on Guatemalan Asteraceae 

Wilson, Dr. L. R., Norman, Okla- 
homa: 6 slides of pollen (2 each of 
Welwitschiaceae, Ephedraceae, and 
Gnetaceae) (exchange) 

Wisconsin, University of, Madison: 
62 specimens of vascular plants 

Wyandotte Chemicals Corporation, 
Wyandotte, Michigan: sample of Car- 
bose D gum (gift) 

Wyoming, University of, Laramie: 
128 specimens of vascular plants 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry of. New Haven, Connecticut: 53 
specimens of vascular plants (exchange) 

YUNCKER, Dr. T. G., Greencastle, 
Indiana: type-specimen of Cuscuta War- 
neri Yuncker (gift) 


Anders, Dr. Edward, Chicago: iron 
meteorite slice (Sikhote-Alin) — eastern 
Sibera (gift) 

Applegate, Shelton p., Chicago: 
fossil invertebrates and vertebrates — 
various localities (gift) 


Armistead, Robert L. (address lack- 
ing): fossil invertebrates — Florida (gift) 

Bell, Bruce, Flossmoor, Illinois: fos- 
sil invertebrates — Florida (gift) 

BlEHL, VlANNA W., Lake Villa, Illi- 
nois: fossil femur of bear — Missouri (gift) 

BucKSTAFF, Ralph N., Oshkosh, Wis- 
consin: slice of iron meteorite (Angel- 
ica) — Wisconsin (exchange) 

Budlong, Simeon, Chicago: fossil 
vertebra of bison — Minnesota (gift) 

Carter County Museum, Ekalaka, 
Montana: fossil invertebrates — locality 
lacking (exchange) 

Chalmers Crystal Fund, William J. : 
minerals — various localities (purchase) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

Collected by Harry E. Changnon 
(field work, 1960): silt and limestone — 

Collected by Dr. Robert H. Denison 
and Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. (Big 
Horn Mountains [Wyoming] Paleonto- 
logical Field Trip, 1960): numerous fos- 
sil fishes and eurypterids — Wyoming 

Collected by Dr. John W. Thieret 
(Northern Great Plains Botanical Field 
Trip, 1959): soil samples — Canada 

Collected by Bertram G. Woodland 
(field work, 1958): lead ore, cores from 
mine bore, and Lamotte sandstone — 

Collected by Dr. Rainer Zangerl and 
Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. (field 
work, 1960): numerous fossil fishes — 

Collected by Zangerl, Richardson, and 
Woodland (field work, 1960): fossil in- 
vertebrates — Illinois 

Purchase: fossil shark fragments — 

Transfer: Ordovician graptolites — 
from Department of Zoology, Chicago 
Natural History Museum (see Annual 
Report 1959, page 72 [Fred Button Col- 
lection of mollusks] and page 122 [Ac- 
cessions, Department of Zoology, "Pur- 

Chicago, University of, Chicago: 
fossil reptiles — Texas (gift) 

Cunningham, J. L., Chicago: snails 
(Pennsylvanian) replaced by pyrite — 
Illinois (gift) 

Dartmouth College Museum, Han- 
over, New Hampshire: cast of fossil fish 

Denison, Dr. Robert H., Evanston, 
Illinois: fossil fishes — Illinois (gift); 
casts of fossil fishes (gift) 

Doerrer, Mrs. Ethel, Tinley Park, 
Illinois: fossil invertebrates — Illinois 

Dybas, Henry S., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: fossil vertebrates — Kentucky (gift) 

Fredriksson, Dr. Kurt, Stockholm, 
Sweden: fragments of meteorites — vari- 
ous localities (exchange) 

Gaither, Charles C, El Paso, Tex- 
as: mineral — Texas (gift) 

GiACOMELLi, Lorenzo Orestes, Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina: fragments of stone 
meteorites — Argentina (gift) 

GoESTON, Earl, and Paul Cotton, 
Chicago: skull of extinct giant beaver — 
Illinois (gift) 

Gundersen, Paul H., River Grove, 
Illinois: fossil invertebrates — Illinois 

Hannen, Miss Gertrude, Chicago: 
snail (Pennsylvanian) replaced by py- 
rite — Illinois (gift) 

Heston, William, Chicago: fossil in- 
vertebrates — South Dakota (gift) 

Howell, Dr. B. F., Princeton, New 
Jersey: invertebrate specimens — New- 
foundland (gift) 

HUPPERT, Karl H., Chicago: masto- 
don skeleton, turtle scraps, fossil verte- 
brates — Indiana (gift) 

Johne, C. T., Kragero, Norway: stone 
meteorite fragment — Norway (gift) 

Johnson, Irving, El Monte, Califor- 
nia: fossil fish teeth — California (gift) 

Kjellesvig-Waering, Erik N., Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina: invertebrate fos- 
sils — various localities (gift) 

KuHM, Dr. H. W., Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin: fossil invertebrates — Tennessee 

Langston, Dr. Wann, Jr., Ottawa, 
Ontario, Canada: cast of fossil mammal 

LiNNARSON, Aki, Jonkoping, Sweden: 
minerals — Sweden (exchange) 

LucKNOW, University of, Lucknow, 
India: paleobotanical specimens — India 
(open exchange) 

McClung, Richard, Chicago: euryp- 
terid — Illinois (gift) 

McLucKiE, John, Coal City, Illinois: 
copper replicas of invertebrate fossils 

hagen, Denmark: minerals — Greenland 


Moore, Michael, Hinsdale, Illinois: 
invertebrates — Illinois (gift) 

MusEO DB La Plata, La Plata, Ar- 
gentina: 49 casts of fossil vertebrates 

Nickel, Dr. Ernest, Ottawa, On- 
tario, Canada: minerals — Canada (gift) 

Olson, W. M., Newport, Washing- 
ton: minerals — Washington (gift) 

OsTROM, Gerald E., Winnetka, 
Illinois: minerals — locality lacking 

Parris, F. C, Inglewood, California: 
mineral — New Mexico (gift) 

Princeton University, Princeton, 
New Jersey: casts of vertebrates 

Ritchie, Arthur, Olympia, Wash- 
ington: minerals — locality lacking (gift) 

Schaeffer, Dr. Bobb, New York: 
fossil braincase of fish — Wyoming (gift) 

Segal, Si, Chesterton, Indiana: fossil 
snail — Illinois (gift) 

Seifert, Martin, Carrollton, Texas: 
fossil ammonites and moUusks — Texas 


Sheehan, Thomas R., Lee Center, 
Illinois: fossil cephalopod and gastropod 
— Illinois (gift) 

SiNKANKAS, John, Arlington, Vir- 
ginia (gift) 

Sloan, Dr. Robert E., Minneapolis: 
cast of fossil fish-skull — South Dakota 

Spooner, Charles, Downsview, On- 
tario, Canada: minerals — Canada (gift) 

Sturtevant Fund, Mr. and Mrs. 
Roy E.: minerals — New York (purchase) 

Texas Memorial Museum, Austin: 
cast of fossil mammal skeleton (exchange) 

ToNRY, Edward T., Downer's Grove, 
Illinois: fossil crinoids — Illinois (gift) 

White, James E., Pittsburgh: min- 
erals — various localities (gift) 

Whittlesey, Dr. and Mrs. C. E., 
Glen Ellyn, Illinois: silicified algal mat- 
ter — Wyoming (gift) 

WoLLiN, Jay, Morton Grove, Illinois: 
fossil invertebrates — Iowa (gift) 

Woodland, Bertram G., Homewood, 
Illinois: minerals — western Norway 
(gift) ; algal limestone — England (gift) 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer, Hazelcrest, 
Illinois: fossil invertebrates — Ohio (gift) 


Adlerblum, Burton S., Oak Park, 
Illinois: turtle — Florida (gift) 

Baker, Emmett B., Kingston, Mas- 
sachusetts: approximately 500 mollusks 
— New England (gift) 

Ball, Dr. George, Edmonton, Al- 
berta, Canada: 2 slides of sucking lice, 
6 Grylloblatta campodeiformis [no com- 
mon name] — Alaska (exchange) 

Benesh, Bernard, Burrville, Tennes- 
see: 428 insects — Tennessee (gift) 

Berry, Mrs. P. Y., Kuala Lumpar, 
Malaya: 3 frogs — Singapore (gift) 

Bishop Museum, Bernice P., Hono- 
lulu: 490 sets of marine shells — Pacific 
Ocean (exchange) 

Blaufuss, Arnold H., Chicago: 4 
worms — India (gift) 

Bonetto, Dr. Argentino A., Santa 
Fe, Argentina: 45 freshwater clams — 
Argentina (gift) 

Boo-LlAT, Lim, Kuala Lumpar, Ma- 
laya: 6 snakes — Malaya (gift) 

BouLTON, RuD\'ERD, Salisbury, South- 
ern Rhodesia: 50 birds — United States 

Brand, Dr. Louis, Houston: approx- 
imately 8,000 mollusks — worldwide (gift) 

Breeland, Dr. Sam, Wilson Dam, 
Alabama: 20 insects — Panama (gift) 

British Museum (Natural History), 
London: 1 snake — Borneo (exchange); 
1 bird — Angola (exchange) 

Brown, Mrs. W. D., Park Ridge, 
Illinois: approximately 50 snails— Texas 

Bumzahem, Carlos Boyd, Chicago: 
1 bat, 24 frogs, 2 lizards— Panama (gift) 

Burgess, Dr. C. M., Honolulu: 20 
mollusks — Hawaii (gift) 

Butot, L. J. M., De Bilt (Utrecht), 
Netherlands: 4 landsnails — Java (gift) 

California at Los Angeles, Uni- 
versity OF, Los Angeles: 50 fishes — 
various localities (gift) 

Camras, Dr. Sidney, Chicago: 145 
insects — United States (gift) 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh: 25 
birds — Angola, Philippines, and South 
and Central America (exchange) 

Gate, Crawford, Los Angeles: 2 
snails — Hawaii (gift) 

Chace, Emery P., San Diego: 55 
snails — California and Oregon (gift) 


Cheng, Dr. Thomas C, Easton, 
Pennsylvania: 6 bats — New Jersey (gift) 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Collected by Harry A. Beatty (Gui- 
ana Zoological Expedition, 1960-61): 2 
frogs, 20 lizards — Venezuela and 

Collected by Dr. Robert F. Inger 
(Belgian Congo Zoological Expedition, 
1959): 2 lizards — Belgian Congo 

Collected by D. S. Rabor (Philippine 
zoological field work, 1959 and 1960): 
1,783 birds, 84 mammals — Philippine 

Collected by Dr. Alan Solem: (West 
United States Field Trip, 1960) approx- 
imately 8,500 nonmarine mollusks — 
western United States; (with Mrs. So- 
lem) (American Malacological Union 
Field Trip, 1960) 40 landsnails— Canada 

Collected by Loren P. Woods (Great 
Lakes Zoological Field Work, 1960): 
722 fishes — Lake Huron, Lake Mich- 
igan, and Lake Superior; 29 salamanders 
— Michigan 

Purchases: 614 mammals, 1,198 birds, 
112,068 insects and 243 pieces of Baltic 
amber with insect inclusions, 379 fishes, 
814 reptiles and amphibians, 26,103 
lower invertebrates 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 13 mammals, 5 birds, 11 
reptiles and amphibians — worldwide 


Chin Phui Kong, Jesselton, North 
Borneo: turtle — North Borneo (gift) 

Cincinnati, University of, Cincin- 
nati: bird — Honduras (exchange) 

Cobb, N. A., and Dean L. Murray, 
Battle Creek, Michigan (Cobb-Murray 
Expedition to India, 1958): 3 mammals 
— India (gift) 

Cornfield, Daniel and Deborah, 
Riverdale, New York: 8 lots of fresh- 
water mollusks — Wisconsin (gift) 

Craighead, Dr. John E., Boston: 3 
lizards — Panama (exchange) 

Crowell, Dr. Robert M., Canton, 
New York: 17 slides of water mites — 
Ohio (gift) 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: pair 
of walrus tusks — Alaska (gift) 

Drake, Dr. Carl J., Washington, 
D.C.: 12 bugs — Brazil, Japan, and Aus- 
tralia (gift) 

Drake, Robert J., Vancouver, Brit- 
ish Columbia, Canada: 2 landsnails — 
Mexico (gift) 

Dropkin, Dr. Victor, Beltsville, 
Maryland: 302 insects — Texas (gift) 

Duarte, Eliseo, Montevideo, Uru- 
guay: 72 sets of mollusks — Uruguay 

DuBrul, Dr. E. Lloyd, Chicago: dog 
skull — locality lacking (gift) 

Dvorak, Stanley J., Chicago: 4 mol- 
lusks — Mexico, Australia, and Philip- 
pine Islands (gift) 

Dybas, Henry S., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: bat — Michigan (gift) 

Elbel, Robert E., Norman, Okla- 
homa: 60 slides of biting lice — Thailand 
and United States (gift) 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago: 
snake and lizard — India (gift) 

Fleming, Dr. Robert L., Kathman- 
du, Nepal: 6 birds, 3 lizards, 7 snakes, 

2 fishes, 1 hairworm — Nepal (gift) 
Florida, University of, Gaines- 
ville: 11 bats — Bahama Islands, Pan- 
ama, and Guatemala (gift and exchange) 

Florida State Museum, Gaines- 
ville: bat skull — British West Indies 

Frederick, Mrs. C. L., Chicago: 
bird — Dutch New Guinea (gift) ; 45 sets 
of seashells — Pacific Ocean (gift) 

Fuller, Captain A. W. F., London: 
cat skull — Marquesas Islands (gift) 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: caecilian — India (gift) 

Ghaffary, Dr. N., Tehran, Iran: 9 
snakes — Iran (gift) 

Greenberg, Nate, Elmhurst, Illi- 
nois: 4 mounted birds — Mexico, Brazil, 
and Comorro Islands (gift) 

Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 
Indiana: 17 insects — Indiana and Eu- 
rope (gift); snake — Indiana (gift) 

Haas, Dr. Georg, Jerusalem: 1 frog, 

3 lizards, 1 turtle — Israel (exchange) 
Haile, N. S., Kuching, Sarawak: 63 

frogs, 2 lizards — Sarawak (gift) 

Hall, Jack C, Riverside, California: 

20 bee-flies— United States (gift) 
Hedden, Chester, Worthington, 

Ohio: snake — Ohio (gift) 

Hendrickson, Dr. John R., Kuala 

Lumpur, Malaya: 3 frogs — Malaya (gift) 

Herrington, Rev. H. B., Westbrook, 
Ontario, Canada: 46 sets of freshwater 
clam shells — Canada (exchange) 

Hershkovitz, Philip, South Hol- 
land, Illinois: 200 reprints of publica- 
tions on mammals (gift to Reprint 
Library, Division of Mammals) 


HiLLENius, Dr. Dirk, Amsterdam, 
Netherlands: 2 frogs, 3 snakes, 2 turtles 
— Indonesian East Indies (exchange) 

HoLLOWAY, Miss Mary Ann, Bar- 
rington, Illinois: fish — Lake Michigan 

Hood, James R., Chattanooga, Ten- 
nessee: 23 landshells — Bermuda (gift) 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Cairo, Egypt: 
665 mammals, 384 birds, 57 reptiles and 
amphibians, 26 slides of biting lice from 
birds, approximately 240 mollusks — • 
Egypt and Sudan (gift) 

Howard, Mrs. Faye B., Pacific Pali- 
sades, California: 295 mollusks — Mex- 
ico and Panama (gift) 

HuBRiCHT, Leslie, Louisville, Ken- 
tucky: 28 lots of landshells — United 
States (gift) 

Ines, Madame Carlota, Princess 
SiGiSMUND of Prussia, Barranca, Costa 
Rica: 8 mammals — Costa Rica (gift) 

Inger, Dr. Robert P., Homewood, 
Illinois: bat — Missouri (gift) 

Institut Royal des Sciences Nat- 
urelles de Belgique, Brussels: 357 
fishes — Belgian Congo (exchange) 

Jackson, Ralph, Cambridge, Mary- 
land: 8 landsnails — Ecuador (gift) 

Jefe del Laboratorio de Verte- 


Lillo, San Miguel de Tucuman, Argen- 
tina: 3 rats — Argentina (exchange) 

Johnstone, Mrs. Kathleen, Mo- 
bile, Alabama: 15 shells — Alabama and 
Florida (gift) 

Jones, Robert D., Jr., Cold Bay, 
Alaska: 4 birds — Alaska (gift) 

Kansas, University of, Lawrence: 
lizard — Ceylon (exchange) 

Kawaguti, Dr. Siro, Okayama, Ja- 
pan: bivalved snail — Japan (gift) 

Kirk, Richard G., Chicago: nema- 
toid worm — Chicago (gift) 

Klawe, Dr. W. L., La Jolla Califor- 
nia: 4 lizards — Cocos Islands (gift) 

KooPMAN, Dr. Karl F., Chicago: 
racoon skull — Illinois (gift); 10 reprints 
of publications on mammals (gift to Re- 
print Library, Division of Mammals) 

Krauss, Dr. N. L. H., Honolulu: 25 
reptiles and amphibians — various local- 
ities (gift) ; 2 insects — Cuba and Ceylon 

Krulik, Michael, Chicago: tadpole 
— Africa (gift) 

KuNTZ, Dr. Robert E., care of APO, 
San Francisco: 1,551 reptiles and am- 

phibians — Borneo and Formosa (gift); 
4 mammals — Formosa (gift) 

Lamotte, Dr. Maxime, Paris: 13 lots 
of frog larvae — West Africa (exchange) 

LiEM, Kim Hing, Bandung, Java: 3 
fishes — Java (gift) 

Lincoln Park Zoological Society, 
Chicago: young gorilla — Africa (gift) 

LovERiDGE, Arthur, Saint Helena: 
6 lizards — Saint Helena and Ascension 

Malkin, Borys, Seattle: 260 mol- 
lusks — Europe (gift) 

Marx, Victor E., Chicago: giant 
clam — Guam (gift) 

McCallum, Mrs. Gladys, Westford, 
Massachusetts: 39 sets of shells and 
other lower invertebrates — New Eng- 
land (gift) 

McDaniels, Dr. H. E., Chicago: 3 
bats — Illinois (gift) 

McIlhenny, W. S., Avery Island, 
Louisiana: crocodile skin — locality lack- 
ing (exchange) 

McKee, Dr. H. S., Canberra, Aus- 
tralia: 3 landsnails — -New Caledonia 

Menzies, Dr. J. I., Bo, Sierra Leone: 
66 frogs, 3 lizards, 1 caecilian — Sierra 
Leone (gift) 

Michigan, University of, Ann Ar- 
bor: 32 fishes — United States, 59 rep- 
tiles and amphibians — various localities 

Minton, Dr. Sherman A., Jr., Ka- 
rachi, Pakistan: 4 lizards, 1 snake- 
Pakistan (gift) 

Musee Royal du Congo Belge, 
Tervuren, Belgium: 10 frogs — Africa 

MusEO Civico Di Storia Naturale 
"G. DORIA," Genoa, Italy: 25 reptiles 
and amphibians — Europe and Africa 
(exchange); 12 fishes — Corsica and 
Genoa (exchange) 

MusEO DE Biologia, Universidad 
Central de Venezuela, Caracas: snake 
Venezuela (exchange) 

Museum and Art Gallery, Durban, 
Union of South Africa: bird^Africa 

Museum National d'Histoire Nat- 
URELLE, Paris: frog — Burma (exchange) 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 2 lizards, 4 
frogs, 465 mollusks — worldwide (ex- 
change) ; 60 batflies — Central and South 
America (gift) 


Nabel, Mrs. Bernard R., Naper- 
ville, Illinois: 1,200 shells — Grand Cay- 
man Island (gift) 

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, 
Vienna, Austria: 2 lizards — Sumatra 

Natur-Museum und Forschungs- 
Institut "Senckenberg," Frankfurt- 
am-Main, Germany: 2 frogs — Came- 
roons (exchange) 

Oriental Institute, Chicago: 2 
fishes, 65 reptiles and amphibians — Iran 

Pain, T., London: 5 landsnails — Ven- 
ezuela and Colombia (exchange) 

Pasteur, Dr. George, Rabat, Mo- 
rocco: 2 lizards — Morocco (exchange) 

Perret, Dr. Jean-Luc, Foulassi 
Sangmelima, Cameroun, French West 
Africa: 102 frogs — French West Africa 

Pfaff, Dr. Reinaldo, Cartegena, 
Colombia: 8 marine shells — Rosario Is- 
lands (gift) 

PoLSKA Akademia Nauk, Instytut 
ZOOLOGICZNY, Warsaw, Poland: 42 sets 
of land moUusks — Eastern Europe and 
Crete (exchange) 

Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illi- 
nois: snake — Illinois (gift) 

PoYNTON, John C, Pietermaritzburg, 
Natal, Union of South Africa: frog — 
Natal (gift) 

Price, L., Kaitaia, New Zealand: ap- 
proximately 500 moUusks — Australia 
and New Zealand (exchange) 

Price, Dr. Manning A., College Sta- 
tion, Texas: 32 batflies — Mexico (gift) 

Rabb, Dr. George, Brookfield, Illi- 
nois: 12 salamanders, 3 snakes — Ala- 
bama (gift) 

Raffles Museum, Singapore: 2 
snakes, 5 frogs — Borneo and Malaya 

Reimer, Dr. William, Gainesville, 
Florida: 2 salamanders, 1 turtle — Flor- 
ida (gift) 

RiEDEL, Dr. a., Warsaw, Poland: 64 
snails — Siberia (exchange) 


TOIRE, Leiden, Netherlands: 1 landsnail 
— Celebes (exchange); 1 frog — Sumatra 
(exchange) ; 20 snakes — Java (exchange) 

Rocky Mountain Laboratory, 
Hamilton, Montana: 99 slides of chigger 
mites — North, Central, and South Amer- 
ica (gift) 

RoMER, J. D., Hong Kong: 10 frogs, 
10 tadpoles — Hong Kong (gift) 

RoscoE, Ernest J., Chicago: approx- 
imately 800 terrestrial and freshwater 
gastropods — Utah (gift) 

Sabine, Ted, Chicago: 3 lizards — 
Costa Rica (gift) 

St. Petersburg Shell Club, St. 
Petersburg, Florida: approximately 1,500 
marine shells — Florida (gift) 

San Diego Society of Natural 
History, San Diego: 80 landsnails — 
Pacific Ocean islands (gift) 

SCHEERPELTZ, Dr. Otto, Vienna, Aus- 
tria: 23 rove beetles — various localities 

ScHWENGEL, Dr. Jeanne S., Scars- 
dale, New York: 1,045 mollusks — world- 
wide (gift) 

ScRiPPS Institution of Oceanog- 
raphy, La Jolla, California: fish — Pa- 
cific Ocean (gift) 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
7 spiny lobsters — Florida (gift); 1 tur- 
tle — Bimini (gift) 

Simmons, Frank E., Oglesby, Texas: 
10 landshells— Texas (gift) 

Smith, Allyn, Berkeley, California: 
287 snails — United States (gift) 

Smith, Mrs. F. A., St. Petersburg, 
Florida: approximately 100 landsnails 
—Florida (gift) 

Sokoloff, Dr. Alexander, Chazy, 
New York: 200 flour-beetles — United 
States (gift) 

SoLEM, Dr. and Mrs. Alan, Chi- 
cago: 112 landsnails — Kentucky and 
Tennessee (gift) 

Sphon, Gale, Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia; 191 marine snails — Lower Cali- 
fornia (gift) 

Stanford University, Stanford Uni- 
versity, CaHfornia: 2 frogs — Philippine 
Islands (exchange); 2 fishes — British 
Guiana (gift) 

Sukhanov, Dr. V. B., Moscow: 47 
lozards — Russia (exchange) 

Summers, Ray, Petaluma, California: 
16 mollusks — various localities (gift) 

Talmadge, Robert, Willow Creek, 
California: approximately 170 mollusks 
— California (exchange) 

Tansill, Robert W., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 7 sets of seashells — Caroline Is- 
lands (gift) 

Teskey, Mrs. Margaret, Marinette, 
Wisconsin: 4 snail shells — Solomon Is- 
lands and New Zealand (exchange) 

Tipton, Captain Vernon J., Fort 
Amador, Canal Zone: 62 mammals — 
Canal Zone (gift) 


United States Fish and Wildlife 
Service, Pascagoula, Mississippi: 138 
lots of fishes — Gulf of Mexico and At- 
lantic Ocean (gift); 42 lots of fishes — off 
eastern coast of United States (gift) 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 135 beetles— North 
and Central America (exchange); 2 frogs 
— Siam (exchange) 

United States Naval Medical Re- 
search Unit No. 2, care of APO, San 
Francisco: 235 fishes — North Borneo 

Universidad Nacional de Colom- 
bia, Bogota: 161 birds — Colombia 

Valletta, Anthony P., Birkirkara, 
Malta: 17 butterflies— Malta (gift) 

Waful, Mr. and Mrs. Edward E., 
Chicago: 43 sets of marine shells — Cali- 
fornia (gift) 

Walton, Munroe L., Glendale, Cali- 
fornia: 15 landsnails — western United 
States (exchange); 30 nonmarine mol- 
lusks — California and Oregon (gift) 

Whisnant, Tom, New Orleans: lizard 
— Libya (gift) 

WiNTE, Erwin C, Key Largo, Flor- 
ida: 435 sets of landsnails — Cuba and 
West Indies (gift) 

Wyatt, Alex, Chicago: 2 hermit 
crabs, land slug — Florida (gift) 

YuNKER, Dr. Conrad E., Ottawa, 
Ontario, Canada: 4 lizards — Egypt (gift) 

Zeidler, Hebert, Cologne, Germany: 

ZiEMER, August, Evergreen Park, 
lUinois: 50 moths — Wisconsin (gift) 

Zoological Museum of the Uni- 
versity, Helsinki, Finland: 126 non- 
marine mollusks — Cape Verde Islands 
(exchang)Helsinki, Finland: 126 non- 

ZooLOGiscH Museum, Amsterdam, 
Netherlands: snake— Billiton (exchange); 
2 frogs — Sumatra (exchange) 


Berlin, Germany: frog — Togoland 


Chicago Natural History Museum: 
Made by Division of Photography — 
2,149 negatives, 25,980 prints, 1,773 en- 
largements, 173 kodachromes, 47 lan- 
tern slides, 4 transparencies 


Donors (Institutions) 

F. E. Compton and Company, Chicago 
Harvard University, Cambridge, 

Phillips Petroleum Company, 

Bartlesville, Oklahoma 
The John Crerar Library, Chicago 

Donors (Individuals) 

Bayalis, John, Chicago 

Cahen, Dr. L. S., Director, Musee Royal 

du Congo Beige, Tervuren, Belgium 
Field, Stanley, Lake Bluff, Illinois 
Gregg, Dr. Clifford C, Valparaiso, 

Hershkovitz, Philip, South Holland, 

Hesspe, Dr. Toribo Mejia, Lima, Peru 
Howe, Colonel Robert B., Birmingham, 

Porter, Edward C, Chicago 
Nettleship, Martin A., University of 

Rabor, D. S., Silliman University, 

Philippine Islands 
Reed, Dr. Charles A., Chicago 
Sherff, Dr. E. E., Hastings, Michigan 
Smith, Benjamin K., Chicago 
Starr, Dr. Kenneth, Chicago 
Wielgus, Raymond, Chicago 
Willems, Dr. J. D., Chicago 
Wilson, Archie F. (deceased). Summit, 

New Jersey 
Woods, Loren P., Homewood, Illinois 


Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 39 
egret feathers — gift 


Coronet Films, Chicago: "Life in 
Ancient Rome" (400-foot sound/color 
film) — purchase 

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, 
Wilmette, Illinois: "Cave Dwellers of 
the Stone Age" (800-foot sound/color 
film) — purchase: "How Nature Protects 
Animals" (500-foot sound/color film)— 



The Members of the Musciini 

are those who 

by their generous contributions 

encourage our staff 

and assist in our operation 



Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Conover, Boardman* 
Crane, CorneHus 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall, III* 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

* deceased 

Graham, Ernest R.* 

Harris, Albert W.* 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N. 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those ivho have rendered eminent service to Science 

Beyer, Professor H. O. Field, Stanley Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Cutting, C. Suydam Gustaf VI, His Majesty, Vernay, Arthur S.* 

Kmg of Sweden 

* deceased 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, PhiHp M, 
Collins, Alfred M.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

* deceased 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Fuller, Captain A.W.F. 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Judson, Clay* 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
Vernay, Arthur S.* 
White, Harold A. 


Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Humbert, Professor Henri 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 



Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 

Dee, Thomas J.* 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Morton, Sterling 

Remmer, Oscar E.* 
Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 

Babcock, Mrs. Abby K.* 
Bensabott, R.* 
Blackstone, Mrs. 

Timothy B.* 
Block, Leopold E.* 
Buchen, Walther 

Coats, John* 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Farr, Miss Shirley* 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Murphy, Walter P.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Richards, Donald 
Richards, Elmer J. 
Rosenwald, Julius* 

Schmidt, Karl P.* 

Vernay, Arthur S.* 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Adams, Joseph* 
Armour, Allison V.* 

* deceased 

Armour, P. D.* 
Avery, Sewell L.* 

Barnes, R. Magoon* 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, WiUiam J.* 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cummings, R. F.* 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Hoogstraal, Harry 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W.* 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Perry, Stuart H.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 


Sargent, Homer E.* 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar S.* 
Strawn, Silas H.* 
Street, William S. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Walpole, Stewart J.* 
Watkins, Rush 
Wetten, Albert H.* 
Witkowsky, James* 
Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 

American Friends of 

Arenberg, Albert L. 
Arenberg, Mrs. Claire S. 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Crane, R. T.* 
Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose 

Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B.* 
Harris, Norman Dwight* 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Haskell, Frederick T.* 
Hester, Evett D. 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. 
M. Haddon* 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 
Riley, Mrs. Charles V.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Schwengel, Dr. Jeanne S. 
Searle, John G. 
SherfT, Dr. Earl E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 

Telling, Miss Elisabeth 
Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 
Van Evera, DeWitt 


CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 

$1,000 to $5,000 

Acosta Soils, Dr. M. 
Armour, Lester 
Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Baker, Herbert 
Baker, Mrs. Herbert 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bascom, Dr. William R. 
Bennett, Holly Reed 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B.* 
Bishop, Mrs. Sherman C. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blaschke, Stanley Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Boulton, Rudyerd 
Brown, Charles Edward* 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Carman, Dr. J. Ernest 
Clyborne, Harry Vearn 
Clyborne, Mary Elizabeth 
Cory, Charles B., Jr.* 
Cowles, Alfred 
Crocker, Templeton* 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F.* 
Cummings, Walter J. 

Desloge, Joseph 
Dick, Albert B., Jr.* 
Doering, O. C* 
Dybas, Henry S. 

Eitel, Emil* 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E. 

Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Fish, Mrs. Frederick S.* 
Fleming, Dr. Robert L. 
Force, Dr. Roland W. 
Frederick, Clarence L. 
Frederick, Mrs. Helen 
Fuller, Captain A. W. F. 

Gerhard, William J.* 
Gerstley, Dr. Jesse R.* 
Graham, Dr. David C. 
Graves, Henry, Jr.* 
Gregg, Dr. Clifford C. 
Grier, Mrs. Susie I.* 

* deceased 

Gunsaulus, Miss Helen* 
Gurley, William F. E.* 

Hand, Miss La Verne 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Herz, Arthur Wolf* 
Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hinde, Thomas W.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Hughes, Thomas S.* 

Isham, Henry P. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

King, Joseph H.* 

Charles K.* 
Kraft, James L.* 

Langford, George 
Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 
LundeHus, Dr. Ernest 

Maass, J. Edward* 
MacLean, Haddon H. 
Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Marshall, Dr. Ruth* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
Martin, Dr. Paul S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
McElhose, Arthur L.* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moyer, John W. 

Nash, Mrs. L. Byron 
Nichols, Henry W.* 

Odell, Mrs. Daniel W. 
Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Ohlendorf, Dr. William 

\j 1 Jirpn OP * 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H.* 

Palmer, Potter* 
Park, Dr. Orlando 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Pearse, Langdon* 
Pinsof, Philip 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Quimby, George I. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H.* 
Ross, Miss Lillian A. 
Ross, Walter S.* 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schapiro, Dr. Louis* 
Schwab, Henry C* 
Schwab, Martin C* 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Seevers, Dr. Charles H. 
Shaw, WilHam W. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Smith, Ellen Thorne 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Solem, Dr. Alan 
Sprague, Albert A.* 
Steyermark, Dr. 

Julian A. 
Sturtevant, Mrs. Mary 

Sturtevant, Roy E. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E.* 
Thurow, Donald R. 
Trapido, Dr. Harold 
Traylor, Melvin A., Jr. 
Trier, Robert 

Van Valzah, Dr. Robert 
Von Frantzius, Fritz* 

Ware, Louis 
Wheeler, Leslie* 
Whitfield, Dr. R. H. 
Wielgus, Mrs. Laura 
Wielgus, Raymond 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willis, L. M.* 
Wilson, John P.* 
Wolcott, Albert B.* 

Yarrington, Dr. C. W.* 

Zangerl, Dr. Rainer 



Armour, Lester 

Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Borden, John 
Buchen, Walther 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Fuller, Captain A. W. F. 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Kahler, William V. 

McBain, Hughston M. 

Miller, Dr. J. Roscoe 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Pirie, John T., Jr. 

Randall, Clarence B. 

Searle, John G. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Ware, Louis 
White, Harold A. 
Wood, J. Howard 

Avery, Sewell L. 


Campbell, Chesser M. 
Judson, Clay 

Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Alexander, Edward 
AUerton, Robert H. 
Arenberg, Mrs. Judith S. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Vernon 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Austin, Edwin C. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Barr, Mrs. Roy Evan 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bates, George A. 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bechtner, Paul 
Belden, Joseph C, Jr. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Bent, John P. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Birdsall, Mrs. Carl A. 
Blum, Harry H. 
Bolotin, Hyman 
Borden, John 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 

Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 

Carney, William Roy 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Cathcart, James A. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Chrisos, Dr. Sam S. 
Clare, Carl P. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne Field 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cox, William D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crown, Colonel Henry 
Crown, Robert 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cummings, Dexter 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 

Dahl, Ernest A. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidson, David W. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dick, Edison 


WilHam R., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Dorschel, Querin P. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Eckhart, Percy B. 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
Elich, Robert William 
Erdmann, Mrs. 
C. Pardee 

Farr, Newton Cam.p 
Fay, C. N. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall, Jr. 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Forgan, James B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E. 
Friedlich, Mrs. 

Herbert A. 

Gregory, Tappan 

Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hales, William M. 


LIFE MEMBERS (continued) 

Harris, Norman W. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgson, Mrs. G. C. 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jelke, John F. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, J. Morris 

Kahler, William V. 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelley, Russell P., Ill 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 
Knight, Lester B. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Krafft, Mrs. Walter A. 

Ladd, John 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Lloyd, Glen A. 
Lunding, Frankhn J. 

MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Fames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCormick, Fowler 

McGraw, Max 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
McKinlay, John, Jr. 

Donald R., Jr. 
McMillan, James G. 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Miller, Mrs. C. Phillip 
Miller, Dr. J. Roscoe 
Mitchell, William H. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Odell, William R. 
Offield, James R. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Orr, Robert M. 
Otis, J. Sanford 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Perry, William A. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 
Primley, Walter S. 

Raymond, Dr. Albert L. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Robertson, Hugh 
Robinson, Sanger P. 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas 

Rosenwald, William 
Ross, Mrs. Robert C. 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Runnells, Mrs. Clive 
Ryerson, Edward L. 

Sackheim, Judd 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Searle, John G. 
Sengstack, David K. 
Shakman, James G. 
Sharpe, Nathan M. 
Shire, Mrs. Moses E. 
Simpson, James, Jr. 
Simpson, John M. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Edward Byron 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Smith, Solomon B. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Spalding, Keith 
Stern, David B., Jr. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Sullivan, Bolton 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Taylor, James L. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Veatch, George L. 

Wagner, Louis A. 
Waller, Richard A. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Ware, Louis 
Ware, Mrs. Louis 
Warren, Paul G. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Zimmerman, Herbert P. 

Avery, Sewell L. 
Carr, Walter S. 


Corley, F. D. 
King, Joseph H. 

Stephens, Louis L. 
Waldeck, Herman 



Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Allen, Dr. T. George 
Andrew, Edward 

Blauvelt, Hiram B. D. 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Coolidge, Harold J. 

Desmond, Thomas C. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 

Fowler, Miss Lissa 
Franklin, Egington 
Freeman, Charles Y. 

Gregg, Clifford C, Jr. 
Gregg, Captain John B. 
Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 

Holloman, Mrs. 
Delmar W, 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Keatinge, Daniel W. 
Knudtzon, E. J. 

Macnaughton, Mrs. M. F. 
Maxwell, Gilbert S. 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 

Nemeyer, S. Lloyd 

Osgood, Mrs. Cornelius 

Post, Mrs. PhiHp Sidney 

Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. 
Ruble, George C. 

Shirey, Dwight 
Smith, Mrs. Vera Lash 
Strassheim, Fred W. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Tarrant, Ross 

Watt, Herbert J. 
Weaver, Mrs. Lydia C. 
Wiman, Mrs. 
Charles Deere 

Zerk, Oscar U. 


Vernay, Arthur S. 



Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbell, Joseph J. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abler, Julius J. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Abrams, Dr. Herbert K. 
Abrams, James Ross 
Ackerman, Dr. Joseph 
Adamlck, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, George L. 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Addington, James R. 
Addington, Mrs. 

Sarah Wood 
Adler, Harry 
Adler, Dr. Robert 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Albade, Wells T. 
Alberts, Lee Winfield 
Alberts, Mrs. M. Lee 
Albiez, George 
Albright, Dr. Arthur C. 
Albright, C. Jere 
Alder, Thomas W. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alenduff, Harold W. 
Alexander, William H. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, Mrs. Grace G. 
Allen, Herman 
Allen, Joseph M. 
Allen, Nathan 
Allen, Waldo Morgan 
Allen, Wayne M. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 
Allmart, William S. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Allworthy, Joseph 
Allyn, Mrs. John W. 
Alschuler, Alfred S., Jr. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Alward, Walter C, Jr. 
American, John G. 
Ames, Alfred C. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 

Ames, Joseph B. 
Ancel, Louis 
Andersen, John D. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. Alfred 
Anderson, Carlyle E. 
Anderson, Francis M. 
Anderson, J. W. 
Anderson, Mrs. 

Robert Gardner 
Anderson, W. W. 
Andreasen, Norman 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Andrews, Mrs. Otis G. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Anger, Frank G. 
Anning, H. E. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Antrim, E. M. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Appleton, Arthur I. 
Appleton, John Albert 
Arenberg, Kenneth M. 
Aries, Dr. Leon J. 
Armour, Mrs. Laurance 
Armour, Laurance H., Jr. 
Armour, Mrs. Stanton, Sr. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth 
Armstrong, Richard R. 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

William A. 
Arnold, Herbert R. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Arnold, Lorn E. 
Arnold, Robert M. 
Arntzen, John C. 
Artingstall, Samuel G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashe, Clayton 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Asher, Frederick 
Asher, Norman 
Asher, Dr. Sidney 
Atwood, Carl E. 
Augustus, Mrs. Helen A. 
AureHus, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Avery, George J. 
Avery, Guy T. 
Avery, William H., Jr. 
Ay res, Robert B. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Oscar 
Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bacon, R. H, 

Bade, Miss Florence 

Baer, David E. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bailev, George R. 
Bair,"W. P. 
Bairstow, Mrs. 

Harry, Jr. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G. 
Baldwin, Rosecrans 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ball, Ralph K. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Ballis, S. R. 
Balluff, Louis N. 
Baltis, Walter S. 
Banker, O. H. 
Banks, Dr. Seymour 
Bannister, Miss 

Ruth D. 
Barancik, Richard M. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbera, Joseph 
Barden, Horace G. 
Bardwell, William U. 
Bargquist, Miss 

LiUian D. 
Barker, E. C. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barlow, John T. 
Barnard, George Hugh 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. John S. 
Barnes, Miss Lilace Reid 
Barnett, Claude A. 
Barney, Albert S. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barr, George 
Barrett, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Barry, Mrs. Scammon 
Barson, Dr. Lloyd J. 
Barsumian, Edward L. 
Bartel, Thomas B. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomae, Mrs. 

Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bashore, Mrs. Helen 
Basile, A. R. 
Basile, William B. 



Basinger, Paul J. 
Basta, George A. 
Bates, Dr. A. Allan 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Rex J. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Baum, Dr. Hugo C. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bausch, William C. 
Bayly, Dr. Melvyn A. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beach, George R., Jr. 
Beachv, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, John T. 
Becherer, Robert C. 
Beck, Alexander 
Becker, Edward C. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis L. 
Becker, Max 
Becker, Mrs. S. Max, Jr. 
Beckler, R. M. 
Beckman, Mrs. Victor A. 
Beckstrom, Miss 

Lucile M. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beebe, Dr. Robert A. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis II 
Bell, J. Delos 
Bellizzi, Dr. Alfredo 
Bellows, Jason Ernest 
Belmonte, Dr. John V. 
Belnap, Nuel D. 
Bender, Eric 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Bertram W. 
Bennett, Clinton C. 
Bennett, Edward H., Jr. 
Bennett, S. A. 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bere, Lambert 
Berend, George F. 
Berens, Alfred S. 
Berens, Dr. David G. 
Bergen, Mrs. G. L. 
Bergman, Arthur W. 
Berkely, Dr. J. G. 
Bernstein, Samuel 
Bernstein, Saul 
Berry, V. D. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Berwanger, Jay 

Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettendorf, Harry J. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Betts, David H. 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biedermann, Lee F. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bielinski, Dr. Henry E. 
Biersborn, Charles F. 
Bigelow, Mrs. Ann 
Biggers, Bryan B. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Bigler, Dr. John A. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Billsten, Henry A. 
Bimmerle, Dr. John F. 
Binder, Miss Kay 
Birch, Dr. Carroll L. 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bittrich, Miss Grace 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Bixby, George, Jr. 
Black, Dr. Chester J. 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blaine, James B. 
Blair, Miss 

Anita Carolyn 
Blair, Bowen 
Blair, Edward McC. 
Blair, Wm. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blanksten, Samuel B. 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Mrs. Lewis G. 
Blish, Charles C. 
Bliss, Vincent R. 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Block, Samuel W. 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blume, E. Henry 
Blumenschein, C. M. 
Blumenthal, Dr. Irving 
Blumenthal, Milton M. 
Blunt, J. E. 
Boal, Stewart 
Boal, Thomas 

Mrs. George V. 
Bodman, W. S. 
Boe, Archie R. 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 

Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bogert, George T. 
Bogert, Mrs. Gilbert P. 
Bohac, Ben F. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohne, Carl J., Jr. 
Bolotin, Gerald G. 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, George E. 
Borcherdt, Mrs. 

Robert T. 
Borg, George W. 
Bori, Mrs. Albert V. 
Borland, Mrs. 

John Jay, II 
Borland, William F. 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Boss, Sidney M. 
Bosworth, Mrs. 

Roland I. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Bowers, Ralph E. 
Bowersox, W. A. 
Bowes, Arthur S. 
Bowman, Mrs. E. M. 
Bowman, J. C. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyer, Paul F. 
Boynton, A. J. 
Braddy, Jim 

Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, John R. 
Bradway, Malcolm S. 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Branch, Judson B. 
Brandel, Miss Carola R. 
Brandenburg, John A. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Brandt, William A. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Bransfield, John J., Jr. 
Braucher, Ralph L. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Braun, Dr. L. L. 
Braun, Martin H. 
Braun, Dr. Milton 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Mjss June 
Brennan, B. T. 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 



Breslin, Dr. Winston I. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, George L. 
Bristo], James T. 
Brock, Donald C. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brost, Robert V. 
Brostoff, Harry M. 
Browder, William B. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Cameron 
Brown, C. Foster, Jr. 
Brown, Mrs. C. H. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, H. Templeton 
Brown, Isadore 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Richard P., Jr. 
Brown, Warren W. 
Brown, William F. 
Browne, Aldis J., Jr. 
Bruckner, WilHam T. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Brunell, Albert H. 
Bruning, Herbert F. 
Brunsvold, Mrs. 

Henrietta A. 
Brunswick, Joseph E. 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brust, Paul W. 
Bua, Nicholas J. 
Buchanan, Eugene D. 
Buchanan, L. B. 
Buchbinder, Robert 
Buchen, Paul J. 
Buchen, Mrs. 

Walther H. 
Buchner, Dr. E. M. 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddeke, Ivo W. 
Buddington, Robert M. 
Budrys, Dr. Stanley 
Buechler, Adolph 
Buehler, A. C, Jr. 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buehler, Robert 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffardi, Louis 
Bulley, Allen E. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Bunn, C. M. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burd, James E. 

Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burg, Harry 
Burgweger, Mrs. 

Meta Dewes 
Burke, Mrs. Edmund L. 
Burnell, Homer A. 
Burnham, Mrs. George 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrows, Robert S. 
Burry, William 
Burwell, Mrs. 

Dorothy M. 
Busch, David T. 
Bush, Earl J. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Coula P. 
Butler, George W. 
Butler, John C. 
Butler, Paul 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Cainkar, Louis F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Call, Edgar J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calvin, Mrs. H. L. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Cameron, Mrs. 

John Wheaton 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Donald F., Jr. 
Campbell, George V. 
Campbell, Hugh 
Campbell, John Noble 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Canmann, Mrs. 

Harry L. 
Capes, Miss Alice G. 
Caples, WiUiam G. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carlen, Raymond N. 
Carhsle, Mrs. William T. 
Caron, 0. J. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Robert A. 
Carr, Mrs. Robert F. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carstens, Milton Searle 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carter, Miss Frances 

Carton, Laurence A. 
Carton, Dr. Robert W. 
Caspers, Paul 

Cassady, Thomas G. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cathcart, Silas S. 
Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Cerny, Mrs. Jerome 
Cervenka, Carl 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chandler, Marvin 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chapman, Dave 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Chazanow, George 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chenier, Miss Mizpah 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Chester, W. T. 
Chiara, Anthony R. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Childs, Leonard C. 
Chilgren, Arthur D. 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 
Chorn, William G. 
Christian, John F. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Christopher, Dr. G. L. 
Christy, Dr. Harold W. 
Chulock, Willmar A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Churan, Miss Jessie 
Clark, Mrs. Alice Dargan 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clarke, Dr. T. Howard 
Clay, John 
Clement, Howard W. 
Clement, James W. 
Clements, George L. 
Cliflford, Fred J., Jr. 
Clifford, J. S. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cline, Lyle B. 
Clonick, Abraham J. 
Clonick, Herbert J. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Close, James W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cluxton, Dr. 

Harley E., Jr. 
Coale, William F., Jr. 
Coates, John M. 
Coath, V. W. 
Coburn, Maurice W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coey, David R. 



Coghlan, Mrs. David L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Cohen, S. T. 
Cohn, Aaron H. 
Coldiron, Harry A. 
Cole, John W. 
Cole, Sidney I. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Mrs. John 
Coleman, Loring W. 
Coleman, Marvin H. 
ColHas, Philip J. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Bonnie 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Cone, Mrs. R. E. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Conklin, Miss Shirley 
Connell, P. G. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Connery, John 
Conover, Miss 

Margaret B. 
Cook, Mrs. Charles B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, L. Charles 
Cook, Dr. Richard S. 
Cook, Thomas H. 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooley, Gordon A., Sr. 
CooHdge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Lee 
Cooper, Samuel 
Cooper, S. Robert 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cordray, Mrs. David P. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Costanzo, Dr. Vincent A. 
Costanzo, Dr. 

Vincent A., Jr. 
Costello, Dr. Lome 
Coston, James E. 
Cottle, Dr. Maurice H. 
Cotton, Eugene 
Coulson, John S. 
Cowan, Ralph 
Cowen, Miss Edna T. 

Cowen, Dr. Jack P. 
Cowen, Maurice L. 
Cowles, Knight C. 
Cox, Clifford B. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Grain, G. D., Jr. 
Cram, Mrs. Norman 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crawford, W. F. 
Creange, A. L. 
Cretors, Charles J. 
Criel, Theodore A., Jr. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Crohn, Miss Natalie 
Cromwell, Miss 

JuHette Clara 
Cross, Robert C. 
Cryor, Robert E. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward L 
Culbertson, James G. 
Culmer, Dr. Charles U. 
Culver, Sydney K. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. Mark 
Cummings, Edward M. 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F, 
Cunningham, J. Lester 
Cunningham, Seymour S. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Glenn R. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John Caleb 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Paul William 
Cutter, Charles F. 

Dabasinskas, Walter 
Daemicke, Mrs. 

Irwin Paul 
Dahlberg, Wendell 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Daly, James J. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Danielson, Philip A. 
Danley, Jared Gage 
Danne, William C, Jr. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Dapples, George H. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darby, John H. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davidson, D. E. 
Davidson, Louis G. 

Davies, Marshall 
Davies, Trevor L. 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, DeForest Paine 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Dr. Joseph A. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Morton A. 
Dawes, Charles C. 
Dean, Mrs. S. E., Jr. 
Deardorff, Merle S. 
Decker, Charles O. 
De Costa, Lewis M. 
de Dardel, Carl 0. 
Deeming, W, S. 
Delaney, Frederick A. 
DeLarye, Dr. WilHam L. 
DeLay, Frank P. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Denis, Stanley T. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Deree, William S. 
Desgrey, Charles W. 
Des Isles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Detmer, John F. 
De Trana, Dr. George 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
Devine, Matthew L. 
De Vries, David 
DeWitt, Clyde F. 
DeWitt, Dennis 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Robert 
Dick, Mrs. Robert F. 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickson, Vincent B. 
Diggs, Mrs. N. Alfred 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dietch, Henry X. 
Diller, Robert 
Diller, Theodore C. 
Dillie, James P. 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Dixon, Wesley M., Jr. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Dobyns, Mrs. Henry F. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Dolan, Tom 
Dole, John L.. 
Dolke, W. Fred 
Domville, Mrs. 




Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnel, Mrs. Curtis, Jr. 
Donnelley, Elliott 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doolittle, John R. 
Dornbusch, Charles H. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorsey, John K. 
Doucette, Robert J. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, H. James 
Douglass, Mrs. 

Helen James 
Douglass, Kingman 
Dover, S. M. 
Drago, Stephen 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drake, Mrs. R. Taylor 
Drangsholt, Mrs. 

Gunnar S. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfuss, Mrs. Mo'ise 
Dry, Carl 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Duclos, George A. 
Dudak, Mrs. Anna 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Duffy, James F. 
Dulla, Steven G. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dumelle, Frank C. 
Dunbar, James H., Jr. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunlap, WilHam E. 
Dunlop, Charles 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunphy, Charles S. 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Dvonch, Dr. William J. 
Dyer, Robert T. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eaton, J. Frank 
Ebbers, Todd A. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Ebert, Carl H. 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Ebzery, Miss Joan 
Eckert, Theodore T. 
Edelson, Dave 
Edelson, Mitchell, Jr. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, G. H. 
Eger, Gerard J. 
Ehrlich, Stanton L. 

Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eichler, Robert M. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisenberg, Sam J. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisenhower, Earl D. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Elcock, Mrs. Edward G. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Ellies, E. E. 
Elliott, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Elliott, Miss Grace E. 
Ellis, Mrs. G. Corson 
Ellis, Howard 
Elmer, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Elting, Winston 
Elvgren, Gillette A. 
Emanuelson, Conrad R. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Edward W. 
Emmerich, Miss Clara L. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engelman, Mrs. Roberts. 
English, Harold 
English, William L. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Entsminger, Samuel E. 
Epstein, Herman L. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Erikson, Carl A. 
Erman, Walter 
Ernest, Joseph R. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Escudier, A. F. 
Esgar, R. Rea 
Ettelson, Jerome 

Etten, Henry C. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Vernon K. 
Everett, William S. 
Evers, John W. 

Fabrice, Edward H, 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Factor, Mrs. Jerome 
Fader, A. L. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fai thorn, Walter E. 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Farley, Preston 

Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farrell, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Farwell, John V., Ill 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Faust, Harry C. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Feinstein, Edward 

Feiwell, Morris E. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Ferguson, R. W. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. James H., Jr. 
Fetzer, Wade, Jr. 
Fiduccia, Charles B. 
Field, Meyer 
Fiffer, Robert S. 
Filerman, Arthur 
Filkins, A. J. 
Fineman, Oscar 
Fink, Mrs. Frank 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Mrs. 

Edward R. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Firsel, Maurice S. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fitzmorris, James 
Fitz Simmons, Dr. J. 
Flagg, Miss Grace S. 
Flanagan, James F. 
Fleischman, Miss Anne 
Fleming, E. I. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Fletcher, Mrs. Mildred C. 
Flinn, Walter H., Jr. 
Flint, George M. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Flowers, Dr. Vladimir C. 
Foell, W. J. 
Follansbee, Rogers 
Follett, Dwight 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 



Forman, Charles 
Forster, J. George 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Robert S. 
Fox, Clarence E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Franche, Mrs. D. C, III 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Franke, Allyn J. 
Frankel, Jones B. 
Frankel, Louis 
Frankenstein, Lester E. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Franklin, G. K. 
Frasier, Richard C. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freda, Dr. Vincent C. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

Clarence L. 
Freeto, Clarence E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Freund, Mrs. J. Dennis 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedberg, Dr. Stanton A. 
Friedlander, William 
Friedman, Norman B. 
Friedman, Raphael N. 
Fritsch, Miss Josephine 
Frye, W. P. 
Frystak, A. J. 
Fucik, E. Montford 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Fullerton, Thomas 
Fulton, Paul C. 

Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, Willis 
Galgano, John H. 
Gall, Frank 
Gall, Harold J. F. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell L. 
Gait, Mrs. Anne 

Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gamble, E. Ross 
Gamm, Dr. Stanford R. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 

Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, F. Sewall 
Gardner, Frederick D. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Henry K. 
Gardner, Robert A., Jr. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Garvey, W. H., Jr. 
Gary, Theodore S. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawthrop, H. H. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royall 
Gebhardt, Alfred E. 
Gee, James W. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Ceiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geist, Herbert 
Geittmann, Dr. W. F. 
Geldmeier, Dr. Erwin F. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gensburg, Samuel H. 
Gentry, Veit 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerk, G. F. 
German, Fred W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Gettleman, Arthur 
Gettleman, Frank E. 
Getz, James R. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
GetzofT, E. B. 
Gibbs, A. E. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Paul 
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gidwitz, Victor E. 
Gidwitz, Willard 
Giffey, Miss Hertha 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Giles, John 0. 
Gillett, Frank G. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilmore, Dr. John H. 
Gimbel, J. W., Jr. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Giryotas, Dr. Emelia J. 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J., Sr. 
Glade, David Bruce 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glaman, Miss Johanna C. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 

Glasser, Joshua B. 
Glassner, James J. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Gluck, Gerson, I. 
Glore, Robert Hixon 
Gober, Miss Martha P. 
Godley, Mrs. John M. 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golber, David 
Goldberg, Charles K. 
Goldblatt, Joel 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldsby, Fred L. 
Goldstein, Dr. Abraham 
Goldstein, Dr. Helen L. 

Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Goodfriend, S. L. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodson, Orr 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gopp, Leonard W. 
Gordon, Colin S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gould, Jay 
Gould, Mrs. June K. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graham, Andrew C. 
Graham, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Graham, David 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Lillian M. 
Grant, Gordon B. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Austin T. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, A. S. 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Gray, PhiHp S. 
Greeley, Joseph M. 
Green, Howard E. 
Green, Michael 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 



Greene, Howard T. 
Greenelsaum, Robert J. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Greenwald, Herbert S. 
Gregg, Clarence T. 
Gregory, James J. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Grentzner, C. A. 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Grimes, Don R. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Groak, Irwin D. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grote, Russell H. 
Grotowski, Mrs. Leon 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Paul W. 
Guest, Ward E. 
Guetzkow, Harold S. 
Guldager, Carl D. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gustafson, Carl 
Gustafson, Carl I. 
Gustafson, Gilbert E. 
Gustafson, Mrs. 

Winfield A. 
Guthrie, Mrs. Eleanor Y. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 
Gwinn, R. P. 

Haas, Albert F. 
Hachmeister, A. W. 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haedike, Edward J. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hahn, Arthur 
Hailand, Arthur G. 
Haines, Mrs. James J. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hales, Mrs. Burton W. 
Hales, Burton W., Jr. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Halligan, W. J. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Halverstadt, Romaine M. 
Hamilton, Miss Alice 

Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammaker, Paul M. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanelin, Dr. Henry A. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Fred A. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Norman R. 
Harder, John H. 
Harders, Mrs. Flora 

Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Miss 

Addie Clark 
Hardy, Mrs. L. Martin 
Harig, Herbert 
Harmon, Foster W. 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harrington, David L. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Herman 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Stanley G. 
Harrison, Carter H., Jr. 
Harsha, E. Houston 
Hart, Henry N. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartung, George, Jr. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey Byron 
Harvey, Byron, III 
Harvey, Daggett 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas A. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hass, G. C. 
Hass, Miss Harriet E. 
Hassmer, Joseph L. 
Haugen, Bernhart 
Havelaar, W. C. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayakawa, Dr. S. I. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayward, Thomas Z. 
Haywood, Mrs. 

Marshall L., Jr. 
Hazlett, Dr. WiUiam H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Head, James D., Jr. 
Healy, Thomas H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Hearst, Mrs. Jack W. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 

Hecht, Kenneth G. 
Hecht, Myron A. 
Hedin, Walter L. 
Heffernan, Miss Lili 
Hefner, Adam 
Heggie, Miss Helen 
Heide, Mrs. Bernard H. 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Florence G. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Helmich, Miss Lenore 
Hemphill, James C. 
Henderson, Kenneth M. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Herbst, LeRoy B. 
Herdina, Jerry 
Hermann, Grover M. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Oliver L. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Herz, J. H. 
Hesse, E. E. 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hibben, Joseph W. 
Hieber, J. Patrick 
Hildebrand, Dr. 

Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hilker, Mrs. Marion 
Hill, Carlton 
Hill, Dormand S. 
Hill, Rolwood R. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, Stacy H. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillier, William H. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hinkson, Dr. G. Duncan 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hintz, Mrs. Aurelia 

Hirsch, Albert 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsch, LeRoy E. 
Hirtenstein, Robert E, 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Robert 
Hobbs, Russell D. 



Hodges, F. Robert 
Hodgman, Mrs. 

Charles R., Jr. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoefman, Harold L. 
Hoffman, Miss 

Hoffman, Edward 

Hoffmann, Dr. Eugene 
Hoffman, Raymond A. 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hokenson, Howard G. 
Hokin, Edwin E. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holderby, Glen W. 
Holinger, Dr. Paul H. 
Holland, M. J. 
Hollander, Mrs. Samuel 
Holleb, Marshall M. 
Holleb, A. Paul 
Hollenbach, Louis 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollins, Gerald 
Holloway, Allen D. 
Holloway, J. L. 
Holmberg, Mrs. 

Adrian O. 
Holmblad, Dr. 

Edward C. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Holt, McPherson 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Carl 
Hooper, Miss Frances 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Albert L. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Horcher, William W. 
Hornburg, Arthur C. 
Home, Mrs. WilHam 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Horton, Mrs. Helen 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hoslett, Dr. Schuyler 


Houck, Irvin E. 
Houck, L. E. 
Hough, Charles F. 
Hough, Frank G. 
Hovland, Mrs. John P. 
Howard, Bailey K. 
Howard, Mrs. Harvey H. 
Howard, Howell H. 
Howe, Miss Alice 
Howe, Miss Amy L. 
Howe, Charles Albee 
Howe, Ralph B, 
Howe, Roger F. 
Howie, Mrs. James E. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Howson, Louis R. 
Hoy, Pat 

Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hrdlicka, Mrs. John D. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, G. A. 
Hughes, Dr. Charles E. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hume, James P. 
Hume, Patrick H. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunker, Robert W. 
Hunt, George L. 
Hunt, Jarvis 
Hunt, Miss Ruth 
Hunt, Mrs. William 0. 
Hunter, Mrs. Florence H. 
Hunter, Lemuel B. 
Huska, Mrs. Joseph 
Hust, George 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchins, John S. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Huth, Frank D. 
Hypes, William P. 

Ickes, Raymond W. 
I ekes, Mrs. Wilmarth 
Idelman, Bernard 
Igoe, Michael L. 
Igoe, Michael L., Jr. 
Iker, Charles 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Ilg, Paul F. 

lUich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Ingersoll, Roy C. 
Ingersoll, Mrs. S. L. 
Ingram, Frank H. 
Inlander, N. Newton 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Irvine, George L. 
Isaacs, Roger D. 
Isham, George S. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Isham, Henry P., Jr. 
Isom, W. R. 
Ives, Clifford E. 
Ives, George R. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Byrne A. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Aaron M. 
Jacobs, Nathan E. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Mrs. Walter H. 
Jacobs, Walter L. 
Jacobson, A. J. 
Jacobson, Arent J. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jahn, Reinhardt H. 
James, Ralph C. 
James, Walter C. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jancosek, Thomas A, 
Jansey, Dr. Felix 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Robert B. 
Jeffers, Howard F. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jens, Arthur M., Jr. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jessen, Floyd E. 
Jessen, Dr. George N. 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirgal, John 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Calmer L. 
Johnson, Herbert M. 
Johnson, Hjalmar W. 
Johnson, Mrs. Norma 0. 
Johnson, Norman E. 
Johnson, Mrs, O, W. 
Johnson, Paul C. 
Johnson, P. Sveinbjorn 
Johnson, Philip C. 



Johnson, Ray T. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Miss Fannie S. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Hulburd 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jonswold, C. R. 
Jolly, Miss Eva Josephine 
Jonak, Frank J. 
Jones, Dr. Fiske 
Jones, Gordon M. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Jordan, Horace W. 
Jorgensen, Paul 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julian, Dr. Ormand C. 
Julien, Victor R. 

Kahn, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kaine, James B. 
Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Kalnitz, Arnold B. 
Kamin, William C. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kamm, Dr. Bernard A. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Morris I. 
Kaplan, Nathan J. 
Kaplan, Stanley A. 
Kasakoff, Lawrence 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Kass, Joseph J. 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katz, William 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufman, Justin 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keach, Benjamin 
Keare, Mrs. Spencer R. 
Kearney, A. T. 
Kearns, Mrs. Jerry J. 
Keeley, Robert E. 
Keene, William J. 
Keeshin, J. L. 
Kehoe, Mrs. High Boles 

Keith, Stanley 
Kelemen, Rudolph 
Kelley, John F. 
Kelly, Arthur Lloyd 
Kelly, Barbara Wetten 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kelly, T. Lloyd 
Kelsey J. D. 
Kemp, Russell M. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kemper, James S. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Henry Warner 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennedy, R. J. 
Kennedy Taylor L. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kenny, Henry 
Kent, Robert H. 
Kentor, William E. 
Kern, Mrs. August 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Dr. Nicholas H. 
Kern, Trude 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Ketteman, Dr. Charles H. 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Ketzler, A. C. 
Kew, Mrs. Stephen M. 
Kidwell, L. B. 
Kiefer, Dr. Joseph H. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, Paul C. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Mrs. Charles G. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Harold R. 
King, Mrs. John 

Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kirst, Lyman R. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klee, Steven Michael 
Klein, William P. 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knapp, William G. 

Knickerbocker, Miss 

Knight, Howard 
Knight, John S. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knowlton, John M. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koch, Robert J. 
Koczur, Dr. Joseph L. 
Koehnlein, Wilson 0. 
Koenig, Philip F. 
Koerber, Lorenz F., Jr. 
Kohn, Henry L. 
Kolbe, Frank F. 
Kolehmainen, Waino M. 
Kollar, Dr. 

John Anton, Jr. 
Kopf, Miss Isabel 
Kopinski, Louis 
Koppenaal, Dr. 

Elizabeth Thompson 
Korf, Dr. Stanley R. 
Kornblith, Mrs. 

Howard G. 
Kosmach, Frank P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kozlik, Frank B. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Dr. George M. 
Kramer, Leroy, Jr. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Kraus, William C. 
Krautter, L. Martin 
Kresl, Carl 

Herman L., Jr. 
Krez, Leonard O. 
Kribben, Arthur K. 
Kribben, Delafield 
Krider, E. A. 

Richard W., Sr. 
Kroch, Carl A. 
Kroehler, Kenneth 
Kroeschell, Robert A. 
KropflF, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krupnick, Samson 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr., 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kuhn, Overton F. 



Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfes, John Fredric 
Kurtz, William O., Jr. 
Kurtzon, Morris 
Kurzdorfer, E. T. 
Kutchins, Edmund 
Kutza, Dr. Michael J. 

Laadt, George A. 
Laadt, Dr. John R. 
Lacey, Miss Clara R. 
Laflin, Miss June 

Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E., Jr. 
Laflin, Louis E., Ill 
Laflin, Miss Mary 

Laing, Mrs. Milton L. 
Laing, William 
Lambert, C. A. 
Lamberton, R. H. 
Lambertsen, John G. 
Lambrecht, Carl R., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lang, Gordon 
Langdon, Lawrence E. 
Langenbach, Mrs. 

AHce R. 
Langford, Mrs. Robert E. 
Langhorne, George 

Lanman, Mrs. 

Edward Boylston 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Lapham, Fenton D. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larkin, Mrs. Walter D. 
Larsen, Samuel A. 
Larson, Leslie S. 
Larson, L. S. 
Larson, Mrs. Sarah G. 
Lasch, Harry 
Lassers, Sanford B. 
Laterza, Michael F. 
Lathrop, Dr. Clarence A. 
Latshaw, Dr. Blair S. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavers, A. W. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lax, John Franklin 
Layden, Michael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Leadbetter, Gordon 

Leahy, George J. 
Leahy, James F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Nathan 
Le Baron, Miss Edna 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Lehmann, Robert 0. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leighton, George N. 
Leith, John A. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Rosco G. 
Leland, Samuel 
Lennon, George W. 
Lello, Herbert F. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lerch, William H. 
LesHe, John H. 
Lessman, Gerhard 
Le Tourneau, Mrs. 

Levering, J. E. 
Levi, Julian H. 
Levin, Robert E. 
Levin, Sidney D. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitt, Dr. Le Roy P. 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. J. J. 
Ley, Robert J. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Liebenow, J. Gus 
Liebenson, Harold A. 
Liguori, Sister Mary 
Lilien, Mrs. K. K. 
Lill, George, II 
Lillyblade, Clarence 0. 
Lindar, Albert J. 
Lindberg, Le Roy A. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lingle, Harrison C. 
Linn, Howard 
Linn, Mrs. W. Scott 
Lippman, Mrs. William 
Litten, Chapin 
Littig, Howard L. 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Lizzardo, Joseph F. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. Ross 

Lloyd, William Bross, Jr. 
Lodge, Robert H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Richard M. 
Loewy, Dr. Arthur 
Logan, Seymour N. 
Long, R. E. 
Long, William E. 
Loomis, D. P. 
Loomis, Reamer G. 
Lorber, Herbert J. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, John S. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Lorentz, Arthur G. 
Lotz, Philip W. 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Loundy, Mrs. Mason A. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lowe, William H. 
Lowell, Arthur J. 
Lowrie, Mrs. John M. 
Lucej^ Patrick J. 
Ludgin, Earle 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lundy, Dr. Clayton J. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, George S. 
Lusk, R. R. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lydon, Robert R. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, J. W. 
Lynch, WiUiam J., Jr. 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacArthur, Donald 
Mac Cowan, Hervey L. 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Maclntyre, Mrs. M. K. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
MacKiewich, Justin 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
Mackoff, Mrs. Saul 
MacLean, Mrs. 

John A., Jr. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 


J. deNavarre, Jr. 
Madden, John 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 



Madlener, Otto 
Madrin, Mrs. Charles 
Maehler, Edgar E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magid, Cecil E. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Dr. 

David Bremner 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Maher, James P. 
Main, Walter D. 
Majka, F. L. 
Major, Ross O. 
Majors, Mrs. B. S. 
Makler, Joseph H. 
Maley, Alexander B. 
Maling, Albert 
Mailer, Dr. Adolph M. 
Manasse, De Witt J. 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. 

Frank W. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manz, Mrs. Carolyn D. 
Maragos, Samuel C. 
Marchant, Miss Lilian 
Maremont, Arnold H. 
Mark, Griffith 
Marker, Van E. 
Markham, Mrs. 

Herbert L 
Markus, Alfred S. 
Marovitz, Sydney R. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marquardt, Dr. 

Gilbert H. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, E. S. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marsh, Peter John 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Adolf 
Marx, Victor E. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Arnold D. K. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masse, B. A. 
Masters, Eugene W. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Mathis, Allen W. 
Matson, J. Edward 

Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant, Basil 
Maxwell, A. K., Jr. 
Maxwell, W. Stirling 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Leo 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Robert B. 
Mazurek, Miss Olive 
McAlvin, Mrs. James H. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarl, David N. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausland, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McCloud, Thomas W. 
McClun, John M. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Lenader J. 

Robert H., Jr. 
McCormick, Roger 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McCurry, Paul D. 
McCutcheon, Mrs. 

John T. 
McDavid, Raven I., Jr. 
McDermott, Franklin 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, C. Bouton 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Edward D., Jr. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Mary 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGuffin, James P. 
McGurn, Matthew S. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKellar, Donald 
McKenna, Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McKittrick, C. E. 
McLennan, Mrs. 

Donald R., Sr. 
McLennan, William L. 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNair, F. Chaloner 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Peter F. 

McNulty, Joseph D. 
McPherson, Cleo Edwin 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McReynolds, Mrs. 

Ruth M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Meers, Henry W. 
Mehan, Mrs. Georgette 
Mehn, Dr. W. Harrison 
Meidell, Harold 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Mellody, Miss Margaret 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merricks, Mrs. James W. 
Merrill, Miss Marion E. 
Mesenbrink, Paul H. 
Metcalfe, Mrs. Charles 
Mettenet, Francis X. 
Metz, Dr. Arthur R. 
Metz, Carl A. 
Metzger, Roswell W. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Charles A. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Michaels, Allen C. 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Michalko, Edward 
Michel, D. Daniel 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Michet, Dr. Clement J. 
Middleton, J. A. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhoan, F. B. 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Byron S. 
Miller, Dr. Cecelia E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, C. R. 
Miller, Creighton S. 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. Ellen C. 
Miller, Frank A. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Mrs. George 
Miller, Mrs. Harvey O. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Miller, Oren Elmer 
Miller, William H. 
Milliken, John F, 



Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Mrs. 

Dorothy Stone 
Mills, Lloyd Langdon 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Minkler, Ralph R. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mizen, Dr. Michael R. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moeller, George 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mojonnier, Timothy 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
Molloy, David J. 
Mong, Mrs. C. R. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Moore, Chester G. 
Moore, Harold A. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Mordock, John B. 
Morey, Dr. Charles W. 
Morgan, John Alden 
Morgan, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Morgan, K. P. 
Moroni, Aldo L. 
Morrison, D. K. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrow, Mrs. John, Jr. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton M. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Moses, Howard A. 
Mosher, Edward A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Moss, John T. 
Mossman, John E. 
Mostek, Raymond 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Moulding, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Moxon, Dr. George W. 
Moyer, Mrs. David G. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. 

Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mulcahy, Mrs. 

Michael F. 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Mullen, Mrs. Esther T. 
Mullen, Dr. Joseph J. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Munnecke, Wilbur C. 

Munroe, Moray 
Munroe, Roy B. 

Carroll Dean, Jr. 
Murphy, Charles F. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, O. R. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Myers, Harold B, 
Myrland, Arthur L. 

Nachman, H. S. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nagel, Mrs. Frank E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nardi, Victor G. 
Nathan, Joseph E. 
Naumann, Miss Susan 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, James S. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neskow, Dr. Peter S. Y. 
Nessler, Robert P. 
Neuman, Sidney 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newberg, Paul K. 
Newberger, Arnold 
Newberger, Joseph 

Newhouse, Karl H. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newton, C. G. 
Nichols, Frank Billings 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nielsen, George 
Nietschmann, Walter 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nishkian, Mrs. 

Vaughn G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Daniel E. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norell, Elmer G. 
Norem, Mrs. LawTence E. 
Norian, Richard 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, Christopher D. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 

Oberfelder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
O'Connell, Edmund 

O'Connor, John B. 
Oester, Dr. Y. T. 
Offield, Mrs. James 
Offield, Wrigley 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keeflfe, William F. 
O'Kieffe, De Witt 
Okner, Dr. Henry B. 
Olaison, Miss Eleanor O. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oleson, Wrisley B. 
Olin, Carl E. 
Oliver, Dr. Marguerite 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Albert M. 
Olson, Benjamin 

O'Neil, Dr. Owen 
O'Neill, J. W. 
Onofrio, Mrs. Michael J. 
Ooms, Casper William 
Opeka, Frank M. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
O'Rourke, Mrs. Harry J. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Oser, Nelson A. 
Osgood, Mrs. Gilbert H. 
Ostrom, Mrs. J. Augustus 
O'Sullivan, James J. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Peter Witherspoon 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
O'Toole, Donald 
Ott, Mrs. Fentress 
Ott, John Ekern 
Ott, John Nash, Jr. 
Ott, Wendel Fentress 
Owens, Harry J. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Page, John W. 
Pagel, Mrs. William H. 
Pallasch, Dr. Gervaise P. 
Palm, Felix 
Palmer, James L. 
Palmer, O. Earl 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 



Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Pardee, Harvey S. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Parry, Mrs. Norman G. 
Patridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Paschen, Herbert C. 
Paslikow, A. D. 
Patchen, Dr. Paul J. 
Patrick, Harry H. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, R. Curtis 
Patterson, Thomas A. 
Patton, A. E. 
Patzelt, Miss Janet 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Charles D., Ill 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Mrs. Langdon 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peasley, Mrs. John R. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pellettieri, Dr. D. J. 
Pellicore, Dr. 

Raymond J. 
Pencik, Jan M. 
Percy, Mrs. Charles H. 
Perel, Harry Z. 
Perkins, Harry D. 
Perkins, L. B. 
Perlman, Daniel 
Perlman, Henry 
Perlman, Raymond L. 
Perrigo, Charles R. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peskin, Bernard M. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, William 0. 
Peterson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth F. 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaumer, Robert E. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 

Herbert F., Sr. 

Colonel M. M., Jr. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phoenix, George E. 

Pick, Frederic G. 

Pierce, J. Norman 

Pierce, Paul, Jr. 

Pierson, Joseph B. 

Pierson, Roy J. 

Pillsbury, Mrs. C. S. 

Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 

Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 

Pirie, Mrs. John T. 

Pirie, Mrs. S. C, Jr. 

Pitts, Henry L. 

Plapp, Miss Doris A. 

Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 

Plochman, Cordelia G. 

Plummer, Comer 

Plunkett, Paul M. 

Pobloske, Albert C. 

Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Bolster, John J. 

Pollak, Charles A. 

Polyak, Stephen, Jr. 

Pope, George J. 

Pope, Mrs. Henry, Jr. 

Pope, Herbert 

Pope, John W. 

Poppell, Tyson E. 

Poppenhagen, Henry J. 

Porter, Edward C. 

Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 

Porter, Henry H. 

Porter, L. W. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Posey, Chester L. 
Post, Myron H. 
Pottenger, William A. 
Potter, Howard I. 
Potter, Dr. Robert Morse 
Potts, Albert W. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powills, Michael A. 
Prall, Bert R. 
Pray, Max 
Preble, Robert C. 
Price, Frederick J. 
Price, John McC. 
Prince, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Prince, Harry 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Pritchard, Richard E. 
Pritikin, Marvin E. 
Pritzker, Mrs. Jack 
Probst, Marvin G. 
Prosser, Mrs. John A. 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putterman, A. Jerry 

Puttkammer, E. W. 
Puzey, Russell V. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, Jack A. 

Racheff, Ivan 

Radebaugh, Richard J. 

Radford, George 

Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 

Radovich, Miss Bessie 

Raff, Mrs. Arthur 

Raftree, Miss Julia M. 

Railton, Miss Frances 

Ramis, Leon Lipman 

Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 

Randall, Irving 

Raney, Mrs. R. J. 

Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 

Rathje, Frank C. 

Ratner, Walter B. 

Ray, Harold R. 

Raymond, Mrs. 
Howard D. 

Reach, Benjamin F. 

Reals, Miss Lucile 
Farnsworth, Jr. 

Redfield, William M. 

Reed, John S. 

Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 

Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 

Reeder, Howard C. 

Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 

Regenstein, Joseph, Jr. 
Regnery, Frederick L. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reid, Bryan S., Jr. 
Reid, Robert H. 
Reilly, George A. 
Reilly, Vincent P. 
Reinecke, Lester W. 
Reisch, Mrs. Louis J. 
Remien, Miss 

Marie Katherine 
Renaldi, George J. 
Renn, Mrs. John A. 
Renouf, William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Rentschler, Mrs. 

WiUiam H. 
Replogle, Dr. Fred A. 
Re Qua, Mrs. Charles 

Howard, Jr. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Rhines, James E. 
Rhodes, Charles M. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 



Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Franklin J. 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, Mrs. Bartlett 
Richards, Donald 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Mrs. 

Francis Stanley 
Ridley, Douglas K. 
Rieg, George S. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinaldo, Philip S., Jr. 
Rindfleisch, Keith P. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Risdon, Russell R. 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Charles S. 
Roberts, Harry V. 
Roberts, William 

Robertson, Scott 
Robinson, Edward 
Robinson, R. W. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Robinson, William S. 
Roddewig, Clair M. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Rodman, Mrs. Hugh 
Roe, Frederick 
Roebuck, Mrs. A. S. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. George P. 
Rogers, Lester C. 
Roggenkamp, John 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romane, Julian J. (Pat) 
Rome, Samuel 
Roos, Miss Virginia M. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rose, Miss Evelyn 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Harold A. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenstone, Nathan 
Rosenstone, Samuel 

Rosenthal, J. F. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Thompson 
Rotchford, J. Stuart 
Rotenberry, Dean 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Roth, Walter L. 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 


Melville N., Jr. 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rowan, Mrs. Paul 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubinson, Kenneth Alan 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rubovits, Mrs. Frank E. 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Runnells, John S. 
Ruppert, Max K. 
Russell, Mrs. Mary H. 
Russell, Robert S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Arthur 
Ryan, Eugene F. 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Donald M, 

Sackett, Samuel J. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Saks, Benjamin 
Salk, Erwin A. 
Salk, Dr. Melvin R. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Saltzberg, Gerald B. 
Salzman, Charles N. 
Sample, John Glen 
Sampsell, Marshall G. 
Sampson, H. R. 
Samuelson, George 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sandquist, Elroy C, Jr. 
Sandler, George S. 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Sanow, Harry R. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sasser, Mrs. Fred H. 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Sawyier, Calvin P. 
Scalbom, G. Trumbull 
Schact, John H. 
Schaefer, Fred A. 

Schafer, Mrs. Elmer J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. L. L. 
Schanfield, Leonard 
Scharin, Mrs. J. Hippach 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schenck, Frederick 
Schenk, Miss Marion H. 
Schick, Dr. Armin F. 
Schlatter, Miss Nina E. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schloer, Harold J. 
Schloss, Harold W. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna M. 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, P. B. 
Schnering, Robert B. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Schnute, Dr. William J. 
Schoenhofen, Leo H. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schonne, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schrey, Dr. Edward L. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schuck, E. H. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schulman, Dr. Jerome L. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 

Daniel J. 
Schwab, Laurence E. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwandt, Miss Erna 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles F. 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, Edward H. 
Schwartz, Joseph H. 
Schwartz, Milton H. 
Schwartz, Nathan H. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwartz, Dr. Steven O. 
Schwinn, Frank W. 
Sciaky, Sam 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Willis H. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scribner, Gilbert H., Jr. 
Scudder, Mrs. 

WilHam M. 
Seaholm, A. T, 
Searle, Daniel C. 
Searle, Mrs. Nell Y. 
Searle, William L. 



Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
Sedlacek, Frank 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seeburg, Noel M., Jr. 
Segal, Victor 
Seibold, Mrs. 

Arthur B., Jr. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selseth, Ole 
Sembower, John F. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Senne, John A. 
Serota, Dr. H. M. 
Sethness, C. H., Jr. 
Sevic, Mrs. William 
Sexton, Thomas G. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shapiro, Henry 
Sharp, Carl J. 
Sharrow, H. N. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Shaw, John L 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Shepherd, Miss Olive M. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shillinglaw, David L. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shoemaker, M. M. 
Shoemaker, Paul B. 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shumway, Edward D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

De Witt 
Shumway, Spencer 

Shure, Myron B. 
Siebert, C. Stuart, Jr. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siemund, Roy W. 
Sieracki, Mrs. Anton 
Silander, A. L 
Silberman, Charles A. 
Silberman, David, Jr. 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Silberman, N. M. 

Sill, Vincent D. 
Sills, Budd 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverstein, Ramond 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simonson, Burton E. 
Simpson, Lyman M. 
Sims, Edwin W., Jr. 
Sims, William W. 
Sincere, Henry B. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Singer, William A. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Siragusa, Ross D. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sittler, Edwin C. 
Sivage, Gerald A. 
Skarrn, Kenneth W. 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Slater, Frederick J. 
Smallberg, Dr. 

WilHam A. 
Smick, Robert W. 
Smith, Bruce M. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Dr. Edward C. 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, J. P. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, L. Richard 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Mrs. Ruth B. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Z. Erol 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snodell, Walter S., Jr. 
Snow, Lendol D. 
Snyder, Harry 
Snyder, Richard E. 
Sobel, Mrs. Herbert H. 
Sola, Joseph G. 
Solomon, Alfred B. 
Somerville, Mrs. WilHam 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Sorensen, Stanley M. 
Sorensen, T. R. 
Spacek, Leonard P. 
Spalding, Mrs. 

Vaughn C, Jr. 
Spatta, George 
Specht, Mrs. F. W. 

Speer, Robert J. 
Spencer, Mrs. 

Frederich L. 
Spencer, WilHam M. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Gatzert 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 
Spiegel, Peter J. 
Spiel, Mrs. Robert E. 
Spielmann, Willson 
Spitz, Joel 

Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Sporrer, M. J. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Spreyer, F. L. 
Sprtel, Dr. Simon L. 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Dr. 

H. Frederick, Jr. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staehle, Jack C. 
Staley, Miss Kate 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stateler, C. B. 
Staub, E. Norman 
Steadry, Frederick O. 
Stefan, Joseph J. 
Steele, Henry B., Jr. 
Steele, Mrs. Walter D. 
Steepleton, A. Forrest 
Stein, Mrs. Henry L. 
Stein, Dr. Irving, Sr. 
Stein, Sydney, Jr. 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Steiner, George R. 
Steiner, Harold C. 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Stephani, Edward J. 
Stephens, W. R., Jr. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

Clement D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, John 
Stine, Francis B. 
Stiner, Mrs. Norman J. 
Stipp, John E. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 



Stitt, Robert B. 
Stoker, Nelson D. 
Stone, J. McWilliams, Jr. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Stough, Mrs. Jay 
Stratton, Paul 
Straus, Frederick W. 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Mrs. 

Herman A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Streicher, I. H. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, M. D. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stuart, Robert D., Jr. 
Stuebner, Erwin A. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Stults, Allen P. 
Sturgis, John C. 
Sturtevant, Roy E. 
Sturtevant, Mrs. Roy E. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Suomela, John P. 
Sutherland, Mrs. Robert 
Sutherland, William 
Swain, David F. 
Swanson, Holgar G. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swett, Israel 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swibel, Charles R. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Swift, George H., Jr. 
Swift, Gustavus F., Jr. 
Swonk, Wayne 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Byron M. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Talbot, Mrs. C. Conover 
Tallman, John Emil 
Tanan, Stanley J. 
Tarrant, Mrs. Robert 
Tarrant, Ross 
Ta.x, Dr. Sol 
Taylor, Mrs. A. Thomas 
Taylor, E. Hall 

Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor. L. S. 
Taylor, Orville 
Tellschow, H. B. 
Temple, Charles Vache 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terry, Fos Bell 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thelen, Floyd E. 
Thillens, Melvin 
Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thomas, W. E. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, A. M. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Dr. W. V. 
Thon, Warren H. 
Thoren, Mrs. J. N. 
Thornburn, John N. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thornton, Roy V. 
Thorson, Reuben 
Thrasher, Dr. Ir\ing D. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Thullen, Henry M. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tiberius, George 
Tieken, Theodore 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tockstein, Miss 

Mary Louise 
Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Tolpin, Paul H. 
Tonn, George 
Topaz, Martin 
Torbet, A. W. 
Torff, Selwyn H. 
Torosian, Peter G. 
Torrence, George P. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Tracy, Wilfred 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trainor, H. J. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traut, Bernard H. 
Travelletti, Bruno L. 
Travis, Eugene C. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Jr. 
Traylor, Mrs. 

Melvin A., Sr. 
Treffeisen, Gustave 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 

Trimble, Mrs. M. B. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

A. Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Trumbull, William M. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turner, G. H. 
Turner, Mrs. Horace E. 
Turney, Kenneth R. 
Tyler. Thomas S. 
Tyrrell, Miss Frances 

Ughetti, John B. 
Uihlein, Edgar J., Jr. 
Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Ullmann, S. E. 
Ulrich, Norman A. 
Upham, Mrs. 
Frederic W. 
Urbain, Leon F. 
Uriell, Francis H. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Vacha, Dr. Victoria B. 
Vacin, Emil F. 
Vail, Dr. Derrick T. 
Vale, Mrs. Murray 
Valentine, Andrew L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Artsdale, Mrs. 

Flora D. 
Vance, Dr. Graham A. 
Van Cleef, Felix 
Van Cleef, Mrs. Noah 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Dellen, Dr. 

Theodore R. 
Van Deventer, 

Vanek, John C. 
Van Hagen, Miss 

Van Kirk, Mrs. R. D. 
Van Mell, Herman T. 
Van Ness, C. Radford 
Van Nice, Errett 
Van Schaak, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Varel, Mrs. C. D. 
Vasalle, Rudolph A. 
Vaughan, Norman 
Vawter, William A., II 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Venema, M. P.- 
Venerable, Mrs. James T. 
Vernon, John T. 
Verson, David C. 



Vette, J. L. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vil, Dr. Charles S. 
Vogel, James B. 
Vogl, Otto 
Volkober, J. A. 
Von Colditz, Dr. 

G. Thomsen 
von Glahn, Mrs. August 
von Leden, Dr. Hans 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wacker, Frederick G., Jr. 
Wade, Albert G., II 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Mrs. Frances B. 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, John Alexander 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Wahl, Orlin I. 
Wakefield, Dr. Ernest H. 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Waldman, S. C. 
Walgreen, C. R., Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Walkowiak, Dr. Lydia 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Walsh, Dr. Eugene L. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Ware, Mrs. Robert R. 
Ware, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John EHot 
Warren, Paul S. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warsh, Leo G. 
Washburne, Hempstead 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wasick, Dr. Milan M. 
Wasleff, Mrs. Alexia 
Wassell, Joseph 
Wasson, Mrs. Isabel B. 
Watkins, George H. 
Watkins, William A. P. 
Watkins, W. W. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watt, Andrew J. 
Watt, Richard F. 
Watts, Harry C. 

Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Weaver, John M. 
Weaver, Robert P. 
Webb, Dr. Edward F. 
Weber, Warren J. 
Webster, Frederick F. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Webster, Mrs. R. S. 
Weeks, Kenneth L. 
Wegrzyn, Dr. John T. 
Wegrzyn, Joseph 
Weichselbaum, Dr. 

Paul K. 
Weigle, Mrs. Maurice 
Weil, Alfred J. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiner, George 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzimmer, Dr. H. R. 
Weir, Paul 

Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weisbrod, Maxfield 
Weiss, Dr. Edward 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Weitzel, Carl J. 
Welch, M. W. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, C. A. 
Wells, Miss Cecilia 
Wells, Mrs. John E. 
Wells, John Warren 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, F. Lee H. 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wendorf, Herman 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Mary T. 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Wentz, Peter L. 
Wenzel, Alfred C. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
Wesby, Vernon L. 
Wesley, C. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Wetmore, Horace 0. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Wharton, Dr. Donald C. 
Wheeler, E. Todd 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 

Whipple, Mrs. Charles J. 
Whiston, Jerome P. 
Whitaker, R. B. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
Whitfield, George B. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitnell, William W. 
Whitney, Jack M., II 
Whitney, Lafeton 
Wicks, Russell M. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Mrs. 

George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wies, H. M. 
Wilbrandt, Robert A. 
Wilcox, Robyn 
Wild, Lydon 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wiles, Mrs. Russell 
Wiley, Mrs. Clarence F. 
Wilhelm, Dr. Emanuel C. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willett, Howard L., Jr. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Harry J. 
Williams, Dr. Jack 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Rowland L. 
Williams, Thomas L., Jr. 
Williams, W. J. 
Williamson, George H. 
Williamson, Mrs. Jack A. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Allen B. 
Wilson, D. H. 
Wilson, Edward Foss 
Wilson, Miss Helen A. 
Wilson, John P., Jr. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Philip Servis 
Wilson, Robert H. 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, James H. 
Winston, Mrs. James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Winter, Munroe A. 
Wirth, J. W. 



Wishnick, Dr. 
Seymour D. 
Witkowski, Dr. Lucjan L. 
Witter, William M. 
Wlochall, Arthur 
Wolbach, Murray, Jr. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolfe, Lloyd R. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Hettie R. 
Wood, Kay 
Wood, Mrs. R. Arthur 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, Mrs. Rollin D. 
Woodall, Lloyd 
Woods, Frank H. 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woolman, John S. 
Wright, George L. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 

Wronski, Casimir 

Wulf, Miss 

Marilyn Jean 
Wyatt, Harry N. 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 

Yager, Mrs. Vincent 
Yarnall, Frank H. 
Yates, T. L. 
Ylvisaker, L. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yonkers, Edward H. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Yost, Miss Karyl 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, Dr. Donald R. 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 

Young, J. L. 

Young, William T., Jr. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zadek, Milton 
Zeisler, Mrs. Ernest B. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, E. W. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zimmermann, Frank 0. 
Zimmermann, Russell A. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Elmer K. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. W. R. 
Zivin, Mrs. Alma M. 
Zurcher, Mrs. Suzette M. 
Zwiener, Kenneth V. 

Bastien, A. E. 

Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 

Campbell, Chesser M. 
Carpenter, Mrs. 

Frederic Ives, Sr. 
CHthero, W. S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Crowley, C. A. 

Davis, Ralph W. 
Dowd, Mrs. Frank J. 

French, Dudley K. 

Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 

Harding, John Cowden 
Harrison, Arthur C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Hyatt, R. C. 


Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Judson, Clay 

Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kochs, August 
Kuehn, A. L. 

Lawson, David A. 
Lehr, Arthur 

Maxwell, Lloyd R. 

Oppenheimer, Mrs. 
Harry D. 

Paepcke, Walter P. 

Re Qua, Haven A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 

Ross, Walter S. 

Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Solem, Dr. George 0. 
Soper, Henry M. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stockton, Joseph D. 
Stolp, John A. 

Taylor, Frank F. 
Treadwell, H. A. 

Uslander, Richard 

Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 

Ward, Edwin J. 
Wardwell, H. F. 
Weiner, Charles 
White, Joseph J. 
Williams, J. M. 
Work, Robert 


non-resident associate members 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Baxter, George R. 
Bradley, Mrs. Oma M. 
Bruce, Richard H. 

Carlson, Elmer G. 
Walter W., Jr. 

Droste, Albert C. 

Fairman, Fred W., Jr. 

Hagerty, Kenneth A. 
Hanson, Martin W. 

Johnson, Dr. Sydney J. 
Johnson, Mrs. Sydney J. 

Lindboe, S. R. 

McBain, James H. 
Meevers, Harvey 

Niederhauser, Homer 

Gates, James F., Jr. 

Pain, F. W. 
Palais, Gordon K. 
Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 

Soanes, Dr. Sidney V. 
Stevens, Edmund W. 

Trott, James Edwards 

Vas, Gabriel N. 

Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Winslow, Seth L. 


Mitchell, W. A. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Adler, Robert S. 
Akenson, Wylie G. 
Arenberg, Albert L. 

Ball, Clayton G. 
Banks, Dr. Sam W. 
Bell, Arthur Joel 
Bowen, Carroll G. 
Brodie, Miss Laura 

Calkins, Gilbert R. 
Cone, Fairfax M. 
Coursen, Charles B. 
Cross, Louis J. 
Crown, Irving 

Dennis, Joseph W. 
Dick, A. B., Ill 
Dodge, John V. 
Duncan, Kent W. 

Eckhouse, Richard H. 
Erickson, Donald 
Evans, Dr. Florence L. 

Farley, Preston 

Fentress, David 
Fink, Sam 

Fisher, Mrs. Raymond 
Folds, Charles W. 

Georgis, Dr. George Louis 
Gore, Budd 
Guilbault, Joseph E. 

Hartman, Dr. Robert R. 
Hepburn, R. J. 
Hill, David A. 

Johnson, John H. 

Kaiser, Dr. George D. 
Keith, Donald K. 
Kimmel, J. Myron 
Kinkead, W. S. 
Kyritsis, Mathon 

Martin, C. Virgil 
Martin, Dr. Stanley 
McClung, Richard 
Michels, Robert D. 
Minas, Karl K. 

Plunkett, Paul M. 
Price, Mark 

Renner, Carl 
Rich, Francis M. 

Sale, Robert C. 
Sebastian, Jerome R. 
Shafer, F. C. 
Smeeth, William B. 
Solinsky, R. S. 
Stanhaus, Wilfrid X. 

Tibbitts, Douglas E. 

Van Duzer, John B. 
Van Koert, Lewis I. 

Waddington, Dr. 

Harry K. 
Warner, J. E. 
Wehrmacher, Dr. 

William H. 

Zaret, George Ernest 



Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abadin, Dr. Armando F. 
Abbott, James S., Ill 
Abel, Miles L. 
Abeles, Alfred T. 
Abelson, Dr. John H. 
Abrahams, Harry 
Abrahamson, Robert A. 
Abrams, Burton R. 
Abrams, Irving S. 
Abramson, Ralph J. 
Achtner, Raymond H. 
Ackerberg, Robert, Jr. 
Ackermann, Kurt J. 
Ackley, Dr. W. O. 
Adams, Bruce 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Ill 
Adams, Eaton 
Adams, Elliott N. 
Adams, Fred E., Jr. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Varian B. 
Adamson, Henry 

Addis, Donald J. 
Addison, Edward A. 
Adelman, R. J. 
Ader, David L. 
Adler, Charles 
Adler, David 
Adler, Eugene M. 
Adler, Howard 
Adler, Richard F. 
Adler, William H. 
Aeby, Miss Jacquelyn 
Afable, Dr. Trinidad B. 
Afton, Harold 
Aggerbeck, Lawrence J. 
Agnew, Dr. Paul C. 
Ahern, Edwin W. 
Ahlfeld, William J. 
Ahnquist, Elwyn T. 
Aicher, Paul J. 
Aishton, Richard A. 
Aitchison, Robert J. 
Akerhaugen, Alfred 
Akers, Milburn P. 
Akre, Dr. Osmund H. 
Alberding, Charles 

Alberg, Dr. Marvin R. 
Alden, John E. 
Alderdyce, D. D. 
Aldige, Miss Esther 
Aldridge, Elmer V. 
Alford, Lore W. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, F. Denby 
Allen, Gerald C. F. 

Allen, Richard I. 
Allfree, Miss Mary L. 
Allison, Anthony G. 
Aim, Mrs. A. G. 
Alper, Max 
Alschuler, Mrs. 

Alfred S., Sr. 
Alschuler, Richard H. 
Alshire, Donald W. 
Alsin, Dr. Clifford L. 
Alston, Robert D. 
Alter, James 

Altholz, Mrs. Herbert C. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Altschul, Mrs. A. Robert 
Altschul, Gilbert 
Alvis, Mrs. Walter P. 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Mrs. Thomas 
Ames, Mrs. John D. 
Amon, John W. 
Amtman, Dr. Leo 
Andersen, Howard W. 
Anderson, A. B. 
Anderson, A. L. 
Anderson, Dr. Clara H. 
Anderson, Corliss D. 
Anderson, Mrs. 

Florence B. 
Anderson, Mrs. Frank R. 
Anderson, Dr. 

Herbert L. 
Anderson, Herbert R. 
Anderson, Hugo A. 
Anderson, Kenneth H. 
Anderson, Robert 
Anderson, Robert I. 
Anderson, Roy R. 

Theodore W., Jr. 
Anderson, W. A. 
Andreas, Osborn 
Andrew, Mrs. 

Lucius A., Jr. 
Andrews, C. Prentiss 
Andrews, Frederick B. 
Andrews, Mrs. Roy E. 
Angres, Dr. Erwin 
Anixter, Edward F. 
Annan, Dr. Cornelius M. 
Annan, Ormsby 
Anson, Dr. Barry J. 
Antal, R. 

Antognoli, John L. 
Antonow, Joseph P. 
Apatoff, WiUiam 
Appelbaum, Mrs. Henry 
Apple, Dr. Carl 
Appleton, Mrs. Albert I. 

Apter, Dr. Nathaniel S. 
Archer, Dr. E. A. 
Arenberg, Albert L. 
Arenberg, Henry X 
Arend, Carl A. 
Arey, Mrs. Gordon 
Argoe, Dimitri T. 
Arieff, Mrs. Alex J. 
Armanetti, Guy 
Armour, Mrs. Monroe 
Armour, Norbert F. 
Armstrong, Dr. 

Charles H. 
Armstrong, Mrs. John E. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Paul L. 
Armstrong, Mrs. 

Russell H. 
Arnkoff, Dr. Morris 
Arnold, Donald R. 
Arnold, G. E. 
Arnold, John A. 
Arnold, Dr. Robert A. 
Arnold, Robert S. 
Arnstein, Mrs. Leo 
Aronson, M. R. 
Aronson, Mrs. Zelda G. 
Arrington, Mrs. 

W. Russell 
Arthur, Robert S. 
Arthur, Mrs. W. R. 
Arvey, Mrs. Jacob M. 
Aschman, Mrs. 

Frederick T. 
Ash, John P. 
Ashbrook, Charles G. 
Ashburne, Dr. L. Eudora 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Asher, Dr. Carl A. 
Ashton, Mrs. Walter G. 
Ashwell, Mrs. John W. 
Askounis, Mrs. Homer 
Aten, Lyle Rex 
Athanas, Arthur 
Atherton, Mrs. C. D. 
Atkinson, Mrs. 

Wallace G. 
Atlass, Mrs. Ralph Louis 
Atwater, Mrs. Robert M. 
Auer, George A. 
Auerbach, Mrs. Julius 
Auerbach, Stanley I. 
Augdahl, Mrs. Melville R. 
Aurelio, Anthony J. 
Ause, Orval H. 
Autenrieth, Glenn E. 
Austin, Mrs. Henry 

Austin, WilHam F., Ill 
Avalon, Mrs. George M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Avard, William R. 
Averhoff, Mrs. Charles C. 
Avery, Mrs. Howard 
Axelrad, Mrs. Milton S. 
Ayers, Dr. George W. 
Ayres, Willard 
Ayers, William P. 
Ayshford, Mrs. L. C. 

Babcock, Richard F. 
Bacci, Alex H. 
Bach, Mrs. Louis S. 
Bachelder, Mrs. W. C. 
Backman, C. E. 
Bachrach, E. 
Bader, John A. 
Badger, Mrs. 

Edwin Hunt 
Baechle, Carl 
Baer, Arthur A. 
Baer, Mrs. Joseph W. 
Baer, Mrs. Robert A. 
Baffes, Dr. Thomas G. 
Bagley, A. B. 
Bailey, Mrs. Hales 
Bailey, Mrs. Warren G. 
Baim, Michol 
Bair, Mrs. David R. 
Baird, Mrs. Andrew 
Baird, John W. 
Baird, Mrs. Peter M., Jr. 
Baird, Russell M. 
Baker, Dr. Bernard 
Baker, Bruce 
Baker, Edward H., Jr. 
Baker, Mrs. Herbert 
Baker, John L. 
Baker, Mrs. Marion 

Baker, Paul E. 
Baker, Robert C. 
Bakken, Anthony W. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Baldauf, John H. 
Bales, William R., Jr. 
Balikov, Dr. Harold 
Balin, Meyer C. 
Ball, Edward H. 
Ball, WiUiam H. 
Ballard, E. E. 
Ballard, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Baltz, William S. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banning, Thomas A., Jr. 
Bannon, James W. 
Barasa, J. Laurence 
Barasch, Dr. C. J. 
Barber, Dr. Knowlton E. 
Barclay, Miss Cheryl 
Barclay, Harold 

Bard, Ralph Austin, Jr. 
Barke, Oscar A. 
Barker, Mrs. C. R. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, Robert Clyde 
Barnard, Dean S. 
Barnes, Mrs. Cecil 
Barnes, George E. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barnett, Mrs. George 
Barnett, Herbert H. 
Barnett, Stephen D. 
Barnhart, Harry 
Barnhill, Charles J. 
Barnow, David H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barrash, Dr. Meyer 
Barrett, Charles R. 
Barrick, Dr. Robert G. 
Barron, Raymond M. 
Barry, David J. 
Barry, Gerald A. 
Barry, Norman J. 
Barsky, Dr. Freida 

Barsy, Herbert 
Bartels, Miss Nell 
Bartelson, Lyle W. 
Barth, Dr. Earl E. 
Barth, Hec 

Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, Herman 

William, Jr. 
Bartizal, John R. 
Bartlett, George S. 
Barton, Arthur H. 
Barton, J. V. 
Baskin, Isadore 
Baskin, Louis 
Bass, Charles 
Bass, Samuel B. 
Basta, James O. 
Bates, Bennitt E. 
Bates, Edwin R. 
Batko, Dr. B. B. 
Batko, Nathan 
Batson, Burnham L. 
Bauer, John A. 
Baum, Arthur W. 
Baum, Jack W. 
Bauman, P. J. 
Baumann, Miss 

Nettie A. 
Baumrucker, Dr. 

George O. 
Baxter, Arthur K. 
Baxter, Miss Edith P. 
Baxter, John H. 

Bay, Dr. Emmet B. 
Bayer, George L. 
BayHn, Dr. Ralph 
Bazell, Dr. S. R. 
Beach, Milton B. 
Bean, Ferrel M. 
Beaner, P. D. 
Beart, Robert W. 
Beasley, Dr. EdwardW. 
Beasley, Milton R. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Beaumont, D. R. 
Becker, David 
Becker, Eugene J. 
Becker, Mrs. George A. 
Becker, Oscar J. 
Bedford, Jesse 
Beers, Zenas H. 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behr, Carlton E. 
BeiHn, Dr. David S. 
Beirne, T. J. 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Belickas, Dr. Anthony 
Belinky, Walter 
Bell, Chauncey M. 
Bell, Mrs. John C. 
Bell, Dr. Julius N. 
Bellows, Dr. John G. 
Belofsky, Sheldon 
Benestante, Frank 
Benjamin, Edward 
Benke, Carl E. 
Bennett. Dwight W. 
Bennett, Myron M. 
Bennett, Richard M. 
Bennett, Russell O. 
Bennin, Dr. M. D. 

Edward D. 
Benningsen, Edward 
Benoist, William F., Jr. 
Bensinger, Robert F. 
Benson, George R., Jr. 
Bent, Mrs. Maurice H. 
Bentley, E. William 
Berc, Harold T. 
Bere, Paul 
Bereman, John H. 
Berens, Edward P. 
Berg, Eugene P. 
Bergdahl, Hal A. 
Berger, Bernard B. 
Berger, Paul H. 
Berger, William B. 
Bergfors, Emery E. 
Bergman, Edwin A. 
Bergstrom, Robert W. 
Berk, Alex M. 
Berk, Benjamin 
Berkson, Irving L. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Berkson, Norman N. 
Berkwits, Dr. Edward 
Berman, Harvey 
Berman, Seymour 
Bernard!, Joseph L. 
Berns, Barney 
Berns, Robert E. 
Bernstein, Dr. Arthur 
Bernstein, Arthur J. 
Bernstein, Dr. Haskell E. 
Bernstein, Dr. Max M. 
Berry, Arthur L. 
Berry, Russell T. 
Bert, Vernon J. 
Bertrand, Eugene F. 
Bessey, William 
Best, Gordon 
Betz, Carl E. 
Betz, Dr. William P. 
Betzer, N. A. 
Beug, Theodore C. 
Beven, T. D. 
Beyer, Theodore A. 
Bica, Dr. G. A. 
Bick, Carl A. 
Bickson, Irwin S. 
Biddle, George J. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Dr. Charles L. 
Bieg, E. J. 
Bielenberg, Ivan L. 
Bielinski, Dr. Stefan 
Bikle, W. E. 
BiUick, Stanley R. 
Billik, Richard J. 
BiUings, Dr. Arthur A. 
BilHngs, Marshall L. 
BilHngs, Mrs. Wyly, Jr. 
Binford, W. H. 
Birch, Dr. George W. 
Bird, Frederick H. 
Bird, T. S. 
Birks, Z. S. 
Birnbaum, Irving 
Birndorf, B. A. 
Bish, Raymond H. 
Bishop, Mrs. 

James R. T. 
Bissel, Otto 
Bissell, Cushman B. 
Bixby, Frank L. 
Bjork, Eskil I. 
Bjorkman, Carl G. 
Black, Dr. Arnold 
Black, E. D. 
Black, E. J. 
Black, Harry 
Blaha, Ralph C. 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blair, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Blair, David 

Blair, Henry A. 
Blair, John M. 
Blair, Mrs. 

Wm. McCormick 
Blake, Thomas J. 
Blakesley, Mrs. 

Lucille T. 
Bland, Lee 

Blatchford, Thomas R. 
Block, Nelson C. 
Blomberg, Roy E. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Blossom, Mrs. 

George W., Jr. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blowitz, Milroy R. 
Blum, Professor 

Irving D. 
Blume, Ernest L. 
Blumenfeld, Robert 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blustin, Leo Sanford 
Boches, Ralph J. 
Bodman, Robert E. 
Bodmer, Dr. Eugene 
Boehm, Mrs. George M. 
Boehmer, E. A. 
Boetcher, John E. 
Bohrer, Mason L. 
Boitel, A. C. 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolgard, Clifford 
Bolles, Blair 
Bolognesi, Giulio 
Bonine, Miss Ada 
Bonniwell, Donald R. 
Boothby, Palmer C. 
Booz, Donald R. 
Bopp, Andrew R. 
Bopp, Frank H. 
Borge, Michael 
Bornemeir, Dr. Walter C. 
Boruszak, Mrs. Melvin 
Bosley, Harold E. 
Bossov, Samuel V. 
Boswell, Arlie O., Jr. 
Both, Mrs. William C. 
Botthof, Mrs. C. L. 
Botthof, C. L. 
Bouc, Mrs. Charles A. 
Boughner, Jackson L. 
Bovyn, Paul F. 
Bowen, Dr. Edward H., Jr. 
Bowen, Herldon H. 
Bowers, Lloyd W. 
Bowes, Frederick M. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Charles W. 
Boyd, Darrell S. 
Brachman, Dr. P. R. 

Brack, Clarence G. 
Bradburn, Robert F. 
Bradley, Edward J. 
Bradley, Roy D. 
Bradley, Thomas C. 
Brady, Michael J. 
Brameyer, Henry A. 
Brand, Theodore 
Brandt, LesHe A. 
Brandt, Lloyd C. 
Brandt, Melvin A. 
Brandt, Mrs. Robert C. 
Brandt, William M. 
Brannan, Robert H. 
Braun, E. J. 
Braun, James L. 
Breckinridge, Miss Mary 
Bremer, Robert S. 
Brent, John F, 
Brent, Stuart 
Brew, Robert H. 
Brewer, Dr. Charles W. 
Brichetto, John L. 
Brickman, A. W. 
Bridge, Arthur 
Briede, Henry J. 
Briehl, Dr. Walter 
Briggs, Edward A., Jr. 
Bright, Mrs. Orville T. 
Brizzolara, R. D. 
Broadhurst, R. P. 
Brock, William N. 
Brockett, R. M. 
Brodie, Dr. Allan G. 
Brodsky, Benjamin M. 
Brody, Bernard B. 
Brody, Merton B. 
Brogan, George E. 
Bromberg, Morris S. 
Bronson, Beckwith R. 
Bronson, E. A. 
Bronson, Walter D. 
Brook, H. C. 
Brooks, Gerald W. 
Brooks, Dr. James M. 
Broska, Joseph 
Brosseit, George E. 
Brostoff, Ben C. 
Brown, Baird 
Brown, Edward I. 
Brown, George F. 
Brown, James, IV 
Brown, Ralph E. 
Brown, W. A., Jr. 
Brown, Wilham R. 
Brownell, B. B. 
Brownell, Miss 

Beryl Ann 
Browning, Miss Elizabeth 
Bruce, A. D. 
Bruckner, Aloys L. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Brundage, Howard A. 
Bryan, Charles W., Jr. 
Bryant, Mrs. Daniel C. 
Bryer, Hyman 
Bryson, W. D. 
Buchanan, R. M. 
Buck, Mrs. Nelson L. 
Buckingham, Mrs. 

George T. 
Buckley, Robert C. 
Bucy, Dr. Paul C. 
Budinger, William G. 
Budzinski, Henry A. 
Buenger, Theodore H. 
Bueter, Norman E. 
Buhring, Albert G. 
Buik, George C. 
Bulger, John C. 
Bulger, Thomas S. 
Bund, Marcus 
Bundesen, Russell 
Burch, A. T. 
Burch, Charles A. 
Burckert, F. D. 
Burdett, Robert J. 
Burdick, Dr. 

Allison L., Jr. 
Burditt, George M. 
Burg, Charles J. 
Burge, Philip W. 
Burgert, Woodward 
Burgess, Cyril G. 
Burgmeier, William T. 
Burgy, Mrs. Edna W. 
Burk, Jewell V. 
Burke, James E. 
Burke, Robert Emmett 
Burke, W. P. 
Burkema, Harry J. 
Burket, Richard E. 
Burkey, Lee M., Jr. 
Burkill, Edward W. 
Burlage, Thomas D. 
Burman, Merwin R. 
Burn, Felix P. 
Burnham, Mrs. 

Daniel H. 
Burnham, J. A. 
Burns, Mrs. 

Dulcie Evans 
Burns, George V. 
Burns, John J., Jr. 
Burns, WiUiam J. 
Burrows, Arthur A. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Burtis, Guy S. 
Burton, Scott F. 
Butler, F. P. 
Butler, Hartman L., Jr. 
Butler, Horace G. 
Butler, John Meigs, Jr. 

Butler, Rush C, Jr. 
Butterfield, Edwin 
Button, B. B., Jr. 
Bye, William H. 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 
Byron, Charles L. 

Cabeen, Richard McP. 
Caddell, Walter W. 
Cadmore, R. 
Cadwell, Charles S. 
Cady, Kendall 
Caesar, 0. S. 
Caffrey, John R. 
Cahill, Mrs. C. N. 
Cahill, William E. 
Caiazza, Theodore M. 
Cairnes, W. E. 
Caldini, Floyd A. 
Caldwell, Wallace B. 
Caliban, Edward J. 
Calkins, Gilbert R. 
Callahan, Charles D. 
Callanan, Charles J. 
Caloger, Philip D. 
Calvin, Mrs. Frank J. 
Cambere, Ara A. 
Cameron, Anson, W. 
Cameron, William T. 
Camino, Dr. Rudolph 
Camp, Jack L. 
Campbell, C. B. G. 
Campbell, Colin L. 
Campbell, G. Murray 
Campbell, Irving B. 
Campbell, Keith T. 
Campbell, Mrs. Samuel J. 
Canaday, Raymond 
Canary, Francis P. 
Canby, Caleb H., Ill 
Cannon, Le Grand 
Cantrell, Larry W. 
Canty, Sherman H. 
Capek, Charles A. 
Capulli, Leonard R. 
Caraway, John E. 
Carey, Mrs. Charles 
Carey, Robert P. 
Carl, Jack 

Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlin, John P. 
Carlson, Mrs. LeRoy T. 
Carlstrom, Mrs. Oscar D. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carlton, Howard A. 
Carmell, Sherman 
Caro, Dr. Marcus R. 
Carp, Joseph T. 
Carpenter, Miss 
Catherine E. 

Carpenter, Mrs. 

Herbert R. 
Carpenter, Lyman E. 
Carqueville, Charles 
Carr, Albert J. 
Carr, B. L. 
Carr, Ernest J. 
Carroll, James 
Carroll, J. B. 
Carroll, Ralph 
Carroll, Dr. Walter W. 
Cascino, Mrs. Anthony E. 
Case, Leland D. 
Cassevant, Albert F. 
Cassidy, Clayton G. 
Castanes, John C. 
Catlin, Mrs. Kathleen 
Cavanaugh, Roger M. 
Cavenaugh, Robert A. 
Cay wood, Thomas E. 
Cella, John L. 
Cerami, Ned J. 
Cermak, George R. 
Cervenka, George J. 
Chadwell, John T. 
Chadwick, George R. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Chameroy, Arthur T. 
Chaplicki, Norbert L. 
Chapline, J. R. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Richard R. 
Chartoc, Shepard 
Chase, E. G. 
Chase, Norman M. 
Chase, Thomas B. 
Chenicek, Dr. J. A. 
Chesler, Morton C. 
Chesrow, David S. 
Chesrow, Dr. Eugene J. 
Chessman, Stanley L. 
Chidley, Harry J. 
Childs, William C. 
Chinnock, Ronald J. 
Chodash, Benjamin B. 
Christener, Ernest W. 
Christensen, Christian 
Christensen, Earl 
Christensen, John W. 
Christensen, Robert W. 
Christopher, Gale A. 
Church, Mrs. Freeman S. 
Chutkow, R. I. 
Claire, Richard S. 
Clark, Dean M. 
Clark, Glenn A. 
Clark, Dr. James Wilson 
Clark, John H. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert O. 
Clarke, Mrs. Bernice 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Clarke, Ernest E. 
Clarke, Miss Lorena 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clarke, Thomas M. 
Clarkson, John L. 
Clary, Joseph F. 
Clausing, Mrs. 

George W. 
Cleaver, J. Benjamin 
Clements, Howard P., Jr. 
Clements, Mrs. Olen R. 
Cleveland, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Clifford, Jack F. 
Clorfene, Bruce 
Close, Gordon 
Cloud, Hugh S. 
Clough, Herbert W. 
Clovis, Paul C. 
Coates, E. Hector 
Cobb, Boughton 
Cobden, George 
Coburn, Abbott 
Coburn, John T. 
Cody, Arthur C. 
Cody, James P. 
Cody, Joseph M. 
Coe, Lester 
Coen, Thomas M. 
Cogan, Bernard J. 
Cogan, John J. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Chester 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Maxim M. 
Cohen, Milton 
Cohen, Nathan M. 
Cohn, Eugene L. 
Cohn, Louis J. 
Cohn, Nathan M. 
Cohn, Mrs. Rose B. 
Cohon, Jack A. 
Coladarci, Peter 
Colby, Bernard G. 
Cole, Franklin A. 
Cole, John L 
Cole, Sander W. 
Cole, Dr. Warren H. 
Cole, Willard W. 
Colegrove, Miss 

Charlotte A. 
Coleman, Selwyn 
Colin, Mrs. 

Edward C, Sr. 
Collins, Julien 
Collins, Paul F. 
Collins, William M., Jr. 
Collinsworth, E. T., Jr. 
Colmar, John L. 
Colnon, Stuart 
Compere, Dr. Edward L. 
Comstock, Dr. F. H. 

Concannon, John T. 
Condon, E. J. 
Condon, James G. 
Conedera, Mrs. Henry R. 
Conglis, Nicholas P. 
Conklin, Clarence R. 
Conley, Edwin B. 
Conley, Philip 
Conlin, Andrew F. 
Conlon, Mrs. F. Patrick 
Conn, Warner S. 
Connelly, Arthur F. 
Considine, Dan J. 
Considine, Miss Doris G. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Conway, Hayden F. 
Cook, LesHe H. 
Cook, Robert G., Jr. 
Cook, William A. 
Cooke, Edwin Goff 
Cooke, James F. 
Cooke, Dr. Pauline M. 
Cooke, Roger A. 
Cooke, Thomas Edward 
Cooley, Charles C. 
Coolidge, W. K. 
Cooper, George J. 
Corbett, Dr. Maxwell M. 
Corbett, Mrs. Mitchell S. 
Corbett, Dr. Robert 
Corbin, Harold 

Harlow, Jr. 
Corper, Philip 
Corrington, John W. 
Cory, Dr. C. D. 
Cosbey, Dr. Robert C. 
Costello, A. B. 
Costello, Thomas F. 
Cotterman, L D. 
Coulon, Dr. Albert E. 
Coulter, Mrs. J. R. 
Coulter, Thomas H. 
Coyeney, E. L. 
Covert, Robert M. 
Covington, John R. 
Cowan, John R. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Coy, Harry I., Jr. 
Coyne, Thomas R. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Cragg, Richard T. 
Craig, George M. 
Craig, Mrs. Virginia 
Craigmile, Charles S. 
Crane, Earl D. 
Cravens, Mrs. Thomas R. 
Crawford, Mrs. Louis 
Crawford, Robert A. 
Crawford, Wallace L. 
Crean, Dr. C. L. 
Creel, Russell K. 

Crippen, Philip R., Jr. 
Cross, Dr. 

Roland R., Jr. 
Crowley, George D. 
Crowson, George M. 

Walter W., Sr. 
Cyr, Miss Elaine M. 
Cuca, James A. 
Culbertson, John Carey 
Culbertson, S. A., II 
Culhane, Martin A. 
Cullen, J. A. 
Culver, Bernard W. 
Cummings, Nathan 
Cummings, Tilden 
Cummins, Dr. 

George M., Jr. 
Cump, Percy W., Jr. 
Cuneo, Francis J. 
Cunningham, Bernard J. 
Cunningham, James H. 
Curry, James L. 
Curtis, Paul 
Curwen, H. L. 
Cushman, Mrs. A. W. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Cuthbert, Miss 

Florence W. 

Daggett, Miss Dorothy 
Daggett, Walter R. 
Dahlberg, Theodore L. 
Dahl, Miss Bernice 
Dahlgren, Lawrence J. 
Dahlin, Carl A. 
Daily, Mrs. Francis L. 
Daily, Orville G. 
Daly, Robert E. 
D'Amico, Joseph S. 
Danders, Raymond A. 
Danforth, George Edson 
Daniele, Dr. 

Dominick A. 
Daniels, Draper 
Darfler, Walter L. 
Daro, August F. 
Darrow, William W. 
Dashow, Jules 
Daspit, Walter 
Dato, Edwin E. 
Dauwalter, F. Schuyler 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidow, Leonard S. 
Davidson, Mrs. Jack 
Davidson, William D. 
Davis, Mrs. A. D. 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Davis, Charles A. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Davis, Mrs. De Witt, III 
Davis, Howard J. 
Davis, Hugh 
Davis, James N. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Dawson, John W. 
Dawson, Dr. I. Milton 
Day, Wesley H. 
DeAlbani, Mrs. Mary 
DeBacher, Jack R. 
DeBolt, K. J. 
Debs, Mrs. Jerome H. 
DeCesare, Joseph 
Dechert, Curt H. 
Decker, Dr. Ann 
Decker, Darrell D. 
De Costa, H. J. 
Dedmon, R. Emmett 
Dee, P. J. 
Defrees, Donald 
Deis, Mrs. Thomas P. 
Deknatel, Frederick H., II 
Delano, Lester A. 
de la Torre, Dr. Alberto 
De Lee, Dr. Sol T. 
Dellow, Reginald 
DeLorenza, Charles 
De Love, Mrs. Landon 
Delp, Larry 
Demme, Joseph P. 
Demos, Peter T. 
De Motte, R. J. 
Dempsey, Joseph E. 
Denemark, A. F. 
Denman, Walter W. 
Dentz, Frank R. 
De Pencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Dern, James G. 
Derry, Joshua J. D. 
Despres, Leon M. 
Dess, William 
De Stories, William J. 
Devery, John J. 
Devoe, Carl 
De Witt, E. J. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dicken, Mrs. Clinton 0. 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Didricksen, J. W. 
Diffenbaugh, Dr. 

WilHs G. 
Dilibert, S. B. 
Dill, Dr. Loran H. 
Dillon, W. M. 
Dillon, William S. 
Dimsdale, Mrs. David 
Dispenza, N. R. 
Dittrich, F. J. 
Dixon, Arthur 
Dixon, Lyman W. 

Dobbin, Robert A. 
Dobkin, I. 
Dobro, Henry 
Doctoroff, John 
Doern, Philip 
Doherty, John P. 
Dohner, Richard 
Donahoe, Edward J. 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donigan, Robert W. 
Donoghue, James V. 
Donovan, J. H. 
Donovan, John J. 
Doody, Miss Kitty 
Dooley, James A. 
Doris, Edward 
Dotson, Mrs. Heber T. 
Doty, William M. 
Dougherty, Dr. 

Clifford L. 
Dougherty, Mrs. Jean E. 
Doughty, William H. 
Douglass, Richard W. 
Dove, John R. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Dow, Harry A., Jr. 
Downey, William K. 
Downs, Charles S. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drake, Miss Alvertta 
Drake, Charles R. 
Drapier, Miss Louise 
Driscoll, George E. 
Dudley, John D. 
Duensing, M. C. 
Duff, Philip G. 
Duffey, Richard 
Dukelow, Miss Madelina 
Dulla, Steven J. 
Dunbeck, Mrs. 

Norman J. 
Duncan, Mrs. H. F. 
Duncan, J. Russell 
Dunkle, Raymond M., Jr. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunn, Robert W. 
Dunsmore, A. J. 
Durham, F. J. 
Durham, William E. 
Durrie, Paul H. 
Duschene, Joseph P. 
Dutt, James L. 
Duty, J. E. 
Dvorak, Stanley J. 
Dwyer, Robert A. 

Eagan, S. F. 
Earlandson, Ralph 0. 
Earley, Mrs. Daisy 
Eastman, A. D. 

Eastwood, Mrs. 

Agnes R. 
Eaton, William P. 
Eberhart, A. Dryden 
Ebin, Mrs. Dorothy 

Echt, George 
Eck, Robert J. 
Eckert, Fred W. 
Economos, James P. 
Economou, Dr. 

Steven G. 
Eddy, Alfred K. 
Eddy, J. E. 
Eddy, Philip E. 
Edelman, Daniel J. 
Edelstone, Benjamin J. 
Ederer, E. A. 
Edes, Francis D. 
Edes, Samuel 
Edfors, Einar J. 
Edge, Peter 
Edgerly, Daniel W. 
Edleman, Alvin 
Edmunds, Mrs. John K. 
Edwards, Dr. Eugene A. 
Edwards, Herman C. 
Edwards, WilHam C. 
Egan, A. J. 
Eglit, Nathan N. 
Ehren, Walton F. 
Eichstaedt, Dr. John J. 
Eigsti, O. J. 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eisendrath, David C. 
Eisenstein, Mrs. 

Harold L. 
Eiserman, Irving W. 
Eismann, William 
Eklund, Ernest A. 
Eklund, Roger 
Ekstrand, Richard L. 
Elden, A. D. 
Elden, Morton C. 
Elfenbaum, William 
Elfring, George E. 
ElHckson, Dr. Bruce E. 
Filing, Winston 
Ellingsen, E. Melvin 
Ellis, Mrs. Benjamin F. 
Ellis, Cecil Homer 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph E. 
ElHson, Mrs. 

Clarence E. 
Ellison, Dave 
Ellman, A. R. 
Ellner, L. A. 
Elston, Mrs. I. C. 
Elting, Victor, Jr. 
Elver, Thomas 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Ely, Maurice R. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Endicott, De Witt 
Engebretson, Einar N. 
Engh, Harold V., Sr. 
Englund, Fred W. 
Engstrom, L. E. 
Enzweiler, W. P. 
Epeneter, J. O. 
Epple, Louis R. 
Epsteen, Dr. Casper M. 
Epstein, Harvey 
Epton, Saul A. 
Erickson, L. Hyland 
Erickson, William N. 
Ersfeld, Dr. John G. 
Erwin, Thomas 
Erzinger, Howard F. 
Eschbach, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Eshbaugh, C. Harold 
Esko, Sampson 
Esten, Miss Virginia 
Etcheson, A. Thomas 
Evans, C. H. 
Evans, Keith J. 
Everote, Warren 
Ewen, Gordon H. 

Faber, Stephen D. 
Fagan, Miss Judith 
Fagan, Peter 
Eager, Raymond Alton 
Fagerson, Harold R. 
Fahey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Fahey, F. 

Fahlstrom, Dr. Stanley 
Fairbank, Livingston, Jr. 
Fairs, C. Ronald 
Fairweather, D. H. 
Faissler, John J. 
Faletti, Richard J. 
Falk, Dr. Alfred B. 
Falk, Mrs. C. B. 
Falk, Ralph, II 
Fallon, Mrs. Jerome F. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farber, Dr. Harry H. 
Farber, Lynn C. 
Farlow, Arthur C. 
Farnsworth, Gordon F. 
Farr, A. V. 
Farrar, Holden K. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fasano, Joseph F. 
Faulkner, Earle C. 
Faurot, Robert S. 
Faverty, Clyde B. 
Fay, Clifford T., Jr. 
Fay, William E., Jr. 

Feagans, D. G. 
Feeley, James P. 
Feinberg, Louis 
Felden, Dick 
Felker, C. V. 
Fell, Dr. Egbert H. 
Fellers, Francis S. 
Fellowes, Harry L. 
Fellowes, H. Folger 
Fenemore, Miss 

Fenn, John F. 
Fentress, James, Jr. 
Ferguson, William E. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fetridge, William 

Feuchtwanger, Sidney 
Feulner, Edwin 
Fey, Edward J. 
Fey, Dr. Richard W. 
Fick, Mrs. Raymond W. 
Field, John S. 
Field, Miss Mariana 
Field, Mrs. William A. 
Fifer, Russell 
Fifielski, Edwin P. 
Filipetti, George E. 
Finch, Herman M. 
Findley, Paul F. 
Finkl, Alfred F. 
Finn, B. L. 
Finn, Leo P. 
Finston, Albert Leo 
Firth, M. S. 
Fischer, Harry A. 
Fischer, William D. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fishburn, Mrs. Alan 
Fisher, Bernard M. 
Fisher, Harry N. 
Fisher, Lawrence R. 
Fisher, Maurice 
Fisher, Mrs. Thomas 
Fishman, Isadore 
Fishman, Jacob M. 
Fishman, Dr. Jerome 
Fishman, Julius 
Fishman, Louis 
Fishman, Samuel 
Fishman, W. S. 
Fiske, Mrs. Donald W. 
Fiske, Kenneth M. 
Fiske, Thomas E. 
Fistell, Harry 
Fitch, Morgan L., Jr. 
Fitzer, Joseph B. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fitzgerald, Miss 

Mary K. 
Fitzgerald, Matthew J. 

Fitzmorris, Mrs. 

Charles C, Sr. 
Fixman, I. M. 
Flack, Dr. Hugh A. 
Flacks, Reuben S. 
Flaherty, Miss Helen 
Flanagan, Dr. James B, 
Fleischman, Bernard 
Fleischman, Philip A. 
Fleming, Dr. James F. 
Flemming, Miss A. 
Fletcher, Joseph 
Fletcher, V. J. 
Flick, Frank 
Floreen, Adolph R. 
Florian, Anton G. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floyd, Fred S. 
Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Ford, Dr. Charles A. 
Forrest, WilHam R. 
Forgue, Norman W. 
Forst, Miss EveHne M. 
Fort, George A. 
Foulks, E. E. 
Foulks, William 
Fourcade, Reverend 

Michael, S. I. 
Fowle, Frank F., Jr. 
Fowler, Clifford C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earl B. 
Fox, Arthur E. 
Fox, Dr. Benum W. 
Fox, George J. 
Fox, Irvin J. 
Fox, John Jay, Jr. 
Fox, Joseph J. 
Fox, Myron H. 
Fraker, Charles D. 
Frale, Anthony M. 
Francis, Dean D. 
Frank, Augustus J. 
Frank, Clinton E. 
Frank, Curtiss E. 
Frank, George 
Frank, Irving 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Maurice A. 
Frankel, Adolph 
Frankenbush, Robert 
Franklin, Ben L. 
Franz, Herbert G. 
Eraser, Edward S. 
Frauen, Hermann 
Freeman, Charles A., Jr. 
Freeman, C. R. 
Freeman, David A. 
Freeman, Gaylord A. 
Freeman, Jack 
Freeman, John 
Freeman, Kernal 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Fremont, Miss Ruby 
Freudenfeld, Mrs. Silvia 
Frick, William G. 
Friedeman, Richard F. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedland, Sidney 
Friedman, Morton B. 
Friedsam, A. C. 
Friendlander, Max B. 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frisbie, Richard P. 
Fritch, Mrs. Louis C. 
Froman, Abel 
Frost, Allan 
Frost, Henry C. 
Fruh, Arthur W. 
Fryml, Robert 
Fuchs, J. D. 
Fucik, Frank M. 
Fuelling, John A. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuhry, Joseph G. 
Fuller, Mrs. 

Eugene White 
Fuller, Mrs. Harry H. 
Fuller, Perry L. 
Furth, Lee J. 
Fyanes, F. D. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gabric, Ralph A. 
Gadau, Harry L. 
Gadshe, Mrs. R. E. 
Gaffney, William E. 
Gage, John N. 
Gainer, Walter D. 
Gaines, Aaron G. 
Gaines, Dr. R. B. 
Gallagher, Arthur J., Jr. 
Gallagher, Daniel 
Gallagher, Mrs. 

Gallagher, Mrs. James F. 
Gallarneau, Hugh H. 
Gallas, Mrs. Marie 
Gallauer, William 
Gallo, Alfred E. 
Galvin, Richard J. 
Gammon, Mrs. 

Kenneth J. 
Gannaway, Robert K. 
Gannett, Gordon H., Jr. 
Gannon, Edward P. 
Gannon, John 
Gans, Dr. Benjamin J. 
Gansbergen, R. H. 
Garard, James L., Jr. 
Garbe, Raymond 
Garcia, Miss Mary 
Gardner, Frank M. 
Gardner, Milton H. 

Gardner, Sheldon 
Gardner, William B. 
Gardner, W. Kelly 
Garretson, Robert H. 
Garrod, Stanley H. 
Garrick, Dr. Samuel 
Garwacki, Dr. John H. 
Gary, Charles V. 
Gast, Dr. Carl L. 
Gasul, Dr. B. M. 
Gaudian, Chester M. 
Gaudio, James C. 
Gawthrop, Alfred 
Gaylord, Mrs. Ruth K. 
Gearen, John J. 
Gebhardt, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Gehlbach, H. Hunter 
Geilman, Harold 
Gelperin, Dr. Jules 
Genematas, William N. 
Genther, Charles B. 
George, Nelson C. 
Geraghty, James K. 
Geraghty, Miss 

Margaret G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Geraghty, Thomas F., Jr. 
Gerencser, Dr. Vincent 
Germaine, Daniel 
German, John R. 
Gerrard, J. M. 
Geter, Howard D., Sr. 
Getlin, Joseph 
Getzoff, Byron M. 
Giacobe, Mrs. Anthony 
Gibson, Joseph P., Jr. 
Gibson, Miss Margaret 
Gibson, W. B. 
Gidwitz, Gerald 
Giesecke, R. H. 
Gignilliat, Lee R., Jr. 
Gifford, Chester 
GifTord, Frederic Z. 
Gilbert, W. P. 
Gilchrist, Dr. 

Ronald W. 
Giles, Dr. Chauncey D. 
Gill, Joseph L. 
Giller, Wadsworth Serre 
Gillespie, Billy B. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gilmer, Frank B. 
Gilmore, Mrs. 

William Y. 
Ginsburg, Mrs. 

Benson E. 
Gish, S. M. 
Gitelson, Dr. Maxwell 
Glade, Mrs. 

George H., Jr. 

Gleave, Winston 
Gleiss, Henry O. 
Glenn, Miss Terry 
Click, Edward R. 
Glockner, Maurice 
Glore, Charles F., Jr. 
Glore, Hixon 
Glos, Mrs. Albert H. 
Glover, Grange J. 
Godfrey, Joe 
Godlowski, Dr. Z. Z. 
Godwin, Dr. Melvin C. 
Goebel, Louis H. 
Goessele, John H. 
Goettsch, Walter J. 
Gold, Dr. Jerome J. 
Goldberg, Bertrand 
Goldberg, Mrs. Herman 
Goldberg, Mrs. Moyer 
Goldberg, Mrs. 

Samuel L. 
Golden, John R. 
Goldman, G. J. 
Goldsmith, E. G. 
Goltra, Chester N. 
Gomberg, Arthur S. 
Gomberg, Dr. David 
Gooden, Melvin J. 
Goodenough, S. W. 
Goodhart, Mrs. H. J. 
Gooding, Robert E. 
Goodman, Benjamin E. 
Goodman, Howard 
Goodman, Mrs. William 
Goodrich, Mrs. Alice 
Goodrich, Miss Juliet T. 
Goodrich, Paul W. 
Goodwin, A. Jackson, Jr. 
Gordan, Marvin N. 
Gordon, Mrs. Debora 
Gordon, Edward 
Gordon, Leonard 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gordon, Norman 
Gore, Mrs. Boston 
Gorham, Willett N. 
Gorham, Sidney S., Jr. 
Gornick, Francis P. 
Gornstein, Dr. H. C. 
Gorsline, Frank D. 
Gottlieb, Jacob 
Gottschall, Robert V. 
Gougler, Lawrence W. 
Goward, Lincoln R. 
Graf, Paul A. 
Graffis, Herbert 
GrafRs, William 
Grage, William 
Graham, Donald M. 
Graham, Dr. James F. 
Graham, Dr. John P. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Graham, Raymond J. 
Graham, Thomas A. 
Grande, John B. 
Granger, Mrs. Denise 
Grant, Louis Z, 
Grant, Michael 
Grant, Paul 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grawols, G. L. 
Gray, Cola A. 
Gray, Miss Myrene 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Mrs. George L. 
Greenaway, Donald 
Greenberg, Dr. Irving M. 
Greenberg, S. U. 
Greene, Wesley H. 
Greenfield, Paul J. 
Greenlaw, S. F. 
Gregg, Miss Doris M. 
Gregory, Dr. 

Benjamin J. 
Gregory, Mrs. S. G. 
Griffith, Dean L. 
Griffiths, G. Findley 
Grimes, J. Frank 
Griswold, Barret B. 
Groble, Edward B. 
Groenwald, F. A. 
Grohe, Robert F. 
Grossner, Joseph 
Grove, Harry A. 
Groves, Mrs. Northa P. 
Gruendel, George H. 
Grunow, Elmer W. 
Gudeman, Edward 
Gudeman, Edward, Jr. 
Guelich, Robert V. 
Guernsey, Mrs. Nellie T. 
Gumbinger, Miss Dora 
Gunderson, Gunnar E. 
Gunlock, V. E. 
Gunness, Robert C. 
Gurvey, Harry E. 
Gustus, Dr. Edwin L. 
Gutgsell, Mrs. Emil J. 
Gwinn, Dr. R. P. 
Gwyer, Dr. F. V. 

Haberman, Morton 
Hachtman, George E. 
Hackett, Thad 
Haefner, Colonel Earl W. 
Haessly, Dr. Marvin M. 
Hafner, Andre B. 
Hagedorn, William R. 
Hagen, Mrs. Melvin J. 
Hagenah, William J., Jr. 
Hagey, Harry H., Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hagstrom, Joseph G. 

Hagues, David N. 
Hagues, Mrs. David N. 
Hahn, Bernard J. 
Haigh, Arthur H. 
Haigh, D. S. 
Haines, Charles J. 
Haines, Walter 
Hajduk, Dr. J. M. 
Hajen, Herman F. 
Hale, Edwin A. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Eliza P. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Harry C. 
Hall, John L. 
Halla, Mrs. Joseph, Jr. 
Hallahan, Daniel J. 
Hallauer, Edward W. 
Hallberg, Parker 

Haller, Louis P. 
Hallihan, Edward E. 
Kallmann, Ernest H. 
Halouska, Joseph 
Halper, Dr. Louis 
Halperin, Robert S. 
Halvorson, Harold L. 
Ham, Mrs. Harold 
Hamill, Mrs. Robert W. 
Hamilton, Andrew C. 
Hamilton, Mrs. George B. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Mrs. John 
Hamilton, Samuel 
Hammond, James W. 
Hammond, L. F. 
Hampel, John E. 
Hampson, Philip 
Handy, Ellsworth A. 
Handzik, George J. 
Hanley, R. Emmett 
Hanna, John C. 
Hannaford, Miss 

Mildred L. 
Hansen, Mrs. C. E. 
Hansen, Donald W. 
Hansen, James 
Hanson, Fred B. 
Hanson, Mrs. George 
Hanson, J. L. 
Harbaugh, Watson D. 
Hardin, David K. 
Harding, Frank 
Harding, WilHam H. 
Hardt, Robert A. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Charles L. 
Hardy, Mrs. Edward K. 
Hardy, JuHan H. 
Hargrave, Homer P. 

Harig, Karl 
Harkrider, Raymond 
Harlow, Miss Johnnie 
Harland, Mrs. D. Foster 
Harman, Dr. Hubert F. 
Harper, H. Mitchell 
Harper, Mrs. Paul V. 
Harper, Mrs. Philip S. 
Harper, Philip S. 
Harrington, John 
Harris, Miss Audrey C. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Chauncey D. 
Harris, Harold 
Harris, Irving B. 
Harris, Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Harris, Robert Bruce 
Harris, R. Neison 
Harrison, Dr. R. Wendell 
Harrison, Rodney D. 
Harrow, Joseph 
Hart, Chester C. 
Hart, Henry A. 
Hart, Herbert L. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hartj Miss Nettie 
Hartigan, Miss Catherine 
Hartigan, L. J. 
Hartman, Mrs. Glenn W. 
Hartman, Mrs. Irvin H. 
Hartman, Milton C. 
Hartman, Victor 
Hartung, Miss 
Elizabeth M. 
Harvey, Emmett C. 
Harwood, Donald 
Harwood, Robert I. 
Hasbrook, Howard F. 
Hasek, Dr. V. O. 
Hasler, Mrs. Edward L. 
Hassell, Mrs. Warren S. 
Hasselbacher, H. H. 
Hassen, Samuel 
Hassmer, Joseph L. 
Hatcher, Dr. David B. 
Hatfield, W. A. 
Hattis, Robert E. 
Haubrich, Harold F. 
Hauck, Cornelius J. 
Haug, Miss Elsie L. 
Haugan, Charles M. 
Hauger, R. H. 
Hauser, William G. 
Hausler, Mrs. M. G., Jr. 
Havey, Robert W. 
Hawkes, Albert K. 
Hawley, F. W., Jr. 
Hay, Lawrence J. 
Hayde, Miss Alice 
Hayes, Dr. Alan B. 
Hayes, Daniel T. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Hayes, Mrs. Edith C. 
Hayes, Edward G. 
Hayes, Miss Hatti 
Hayes, H. Kenneth 
Hayes, James F. 
Hayes, Dr. Thomas H. 
Haynes, Charles Webster 
Haynes, Gideon, Jr. 
Hayley, Lewis Y. L. 
Haynie, Miss NelHe V. 
Haynie, R. G. 
Hazel, B. F. 
Hazel, Dr. George R. 
Head, Russell N. 
Healy, Laurin H. 
Heath, James E. 
Heath, William O. 
Heberling, W. S. 
Hebenstreit, Dr. K. J. 
Hecht, Frederick Charles 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heddens, John W. 
Hedeen, Dr. Robert A. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Hedrich, Mrs. Otto H. 
Heffner, Dr. Donald J. 
Heffron, Kenneth C. 
Hehnke, John 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Hein, Leonard W. 
Hein, Mrs. Paul S. 
Heinekamp, Raymond A. 
Heineke, Paul H. 
Heineman, Ben W. 
Heinen, Dr. Helen 
Heinen, Dr. J. Henry, Jr. 
Heinze, Mrs. 

Bessie Neuberg 
Heirich, Bruneau E. 
Helgason, Arni 
Hellman, Milton E. 
Helmer, Hugh J. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, H. Harry 
Hendrickson, H. L. 
Henke, Frank X., Jr. 
Henkle, Herman H. 
Henner, Mrs. Robert 
Henner, William Edward 
Henningsen, Jack 
Henri, W. B. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henriksen, Kai 
Hensel, Paul G., Jr. 
Herbert, W. T. 
Herdrich, Ralph C. 
Herkes, S. R. 
Herman, Maurice 
Herman, Richard P. 
Herman, Sol W. 
Herring, H, B. 

Herrschner, Frederick 
Hesse, Dr. Paul G. 
Hetreed, Dr. Francis W. 
Heuser, Arthur W. 
Heymann, Robert L. 
Heyne, Norman E. 
Hibbs, A. E. 
Hickey, Warren J. 
Higgins, Collin O. 
Higgins, Miss Margaret 
Higgins, Russell G. 
Highstone, Mrs. 

William H. 
Hikawa, Richard K. 
Hilf, J. Homer 
Hilgendorf, George M. 
Hilkevitch, Dr. A. A. 
Hilkevitch, Dr. 

Benjamin H. 
Hill, Charles W. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Hoyt S. 
Hill, Mrs. Ivan 
Hill, James J. 
Hill, John W. 
Hill, Kenneth V. 
Hill, Sidney R. 
Hiller, Rembrandt C, Jr. 
Hillis, G. 

Hillmer, Miss Louise 
Hime, Horace C. 
Hindmarch, Alan 
Hine, Clarke F. 
Hines, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Hingson, George D. 
Hinko, Michael 
Hinshaw, Joseph H. 
Hirsch, Erich 
Hirsch, Dr. Lawrence L. 
Hirsch, Leonard H. 
Hirsch, Milton W. 
Hirsch, Samuel 
Hirschberg, Samuel J. 
Hirsh, Herbert W. 
Hirshfield, Dr. Hyman J. 
Hitchcock, Stephen M. 
Hitshew, R. M. 
Hix, Miss Elsie 
Hoag, Dr. Walter C. 
Hoage, Earl W. 
Hoagland, Miss Helen 
Hoban, Dr. Eugene T. 
Hobscheid, Fred J. 
Hobson, Richard 
Hochberg, Jerome J. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hocking, Charles H. 
Hocking, Wilham T. 
Hockman, Miss 

Miriam L. 
Hoddinott, B. J. 

Hodgdon, Donald G. 
Hodges, Colonel Duncan 
Hodgkins, William P., Jr. 
Hodous, Frank M. 
Hoefer, A. J. 
Hoehler, Fred K. 
Hoekelman, Harold 
Hoeltgen, Dr. 
Maurice M. 
Hoffman, A. C. 
Hoffmann, Clarence 
Hoffmann, Miss Ruth L. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hohbaum, Mrs. Rosa M. 
Hohman, Dr. Ned U. 
Hokenson, Gustave 
Hokin, Barney E. 
Holabird, William 
Holcomb, Mrs. R. R. 
Holden, Harold M. 
Holden, Randall T. 
Holland, Arthur M. 
Holland, Jesse J. 
Holland, Morris Z. 
Hollander, Alvin B. 
Hollander, Jack 
Hollender, Dr. S. S. 
Holleran, L. F. 
Hollerbach, Joseph 
Holliday, Preston H. 
Hollis, Dr. Robert H. 
Holloman, L. C, Jr. 
Holloway, Charles C. 
Holmberg, Clarence L. 
Holmes, John B. 
Holmes, John S. 
Holmes, Ralph 
Holt, Dr. Helen 
Holubow, Harry 
Homan, Joseph 
Homer, Dr. Melvin R. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Walter P. 
Hoover, James C. 
Hopfear, Dr. D. A. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Hord, Stephen Y. 
Horn, L. H. 
Horner, Dr. Imre E. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horwich, Philip 
Horwitz, Samuel C. 
Hoshell, Robert J. 
Hotchkiss, James A. 
Houda, Dr. Leonard J. 
Houston, J. C, Jr. 
Howard, John 
Howard, John K. 
Howard, Philip L. 
Howard, Mrs. Ruth B. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Howe, James M. 
Howe, Walter L. 
Howe, William J. 
Howell, William C. 
Howell, Thomas M., Jr. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Huber, H. Dana 
Huck, Ralph F. 
Huddleston, J. W. 
Hudson, George L. 
Hughes, John W. 
Huizinga, A. T. 
Humm, Joseph 
Hummel, J. W. 
Hummer, William B. 
Humphrey, Eugene X. 
Humphrey, Mrs. H. D. 
Humphreys, Robert E. 
Hungerford, Becher W. 
Hunt, Michael 
Hunt, Theodore W. 
Hunt, William R. 
Hunter, Mrs. C. K. 
Hunter, J. N. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hutchens, Edward J. 
Hutcheson, M. F. 
Hutchings, John A. 
Hutchins, Chauncey K. 
Hutson, John F. 
Hyatt, Joseph C. 
Hyde, Milton E. 
Hyde, Mrs. Willis 0. 
Hyer, W. G. T. 
Hyman, Harold 
Hynes, D. P. 

laccino, Paul A. 
Ignowski, Vincent P. 
Imes, Miss Martha 
Impey, Charles E. 
Inger, Jacob 
Ingersoll, Robert S. 
Insolia, James V. 
Interlandi, Dr. Joseph 
Ireland, Robert 
Irons, Dr. Edwin N. 
Irons, Robert B. 
Irons, Spencer E. 
Irvin, John C. 
Irwin, A. J. 
Isaac, Eric 
Isaacs, George 
Isaacs, Dr. Harry J. 
Isaacs, Milton J. 
Isaacs, T. J. 
Isaacson, Herbert 
Isett, G. Richard 
Issacson, Mrs. Oscar W. 
Iversen, Lee 

Ives, S. J. 
Izui, Dr. Victor 

Jack, Martin L. 
Jacker, Norbert S. 
Jackman, Warren 
Jackson, Carl W. 
Jackson, G. McStay 
Jackson, Harold 
Jackson, R. W. 
Jacobs, Miss Barbara 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Joseph M. 
Jacobs, Maurice H. 
Jacobs, Melvan M. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Robert J. 
Jacobshagen, Alfred 
Jacobson, Harold L. 
Jacobson, Jacob 
Jacobson, S. P. 
Jaffe, Aaron 
Jaffe, Harry 
Jaffe, Julius C. 
James, Russell B. 
James, Thomas M. 
James, William E. 
Janes, Otto 
Jantorni, Albert J. 
Januchowski, E. D. 
Jarrow, Stanley L. 
Jastromb, Samuel 
Jay, Richard H. 
Jelinek, Carl M. 
Jenner, Albert E., Jr. 
Jenner, Mrs. H. B. 
Jennings, B. J. 
Jennings, Mrs. 

James W. 
Jensen, Henry J. 
Jensen, James A. 
Jensen, Meredith 

St. George 
Jensen, W. J. 
Jiede, Edward 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Jobe, E. C. 
Joffe, M. H. 
Johnson, Miss Agnes E. 
Johnson, Clarence 
Johnson, Miss 

Donna Lee 
Johnson, Mrs. 

Doris Hurtig 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Emil T. 
Johnson, Ernest L. 
Johnson, Howard J. 
Johnson, P. 
Johnson, Mrs. Loyd C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Mabel S. 

Johnson, N. Howard 
Johnson, Nye 
Johnson, R. C. 
Johnson, R. W. 
Johnson, Ray Prescott 
Johnson, Robert E. 
Johnson, Robert K. 
Johnson, Sidney R. 
Johnson, Wallace D. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Leith 
Johnston, Mrs. J. Robert 
Johnston, Thomas G. 
Johnstone, G. Arthur 
Johnstone, Horman H. 
Jolls, Thomas H. 
Jonatat, Kurt 
Jones, E. Willis 
Jones, George R. 
Jones, Loring M. 
Jones, Owen Barton- 
Jones, Vaughn M. 
Jones, Mrs. 

Walter Clyde, Sr. 
Jordon, Castle W. 
Jordan, Dr. John W. 
Jordan, Robert E. 
Jordan, W. Beaumont 
Joseph, Dr. Paul 
Joyce, Robert E. 
Joyce, William W. 
Juley, John 
Julin, G. Allan 
Jung, C. C. 
Jurica, Rev. Hilary S. 

Kachigian, Michael M. 
Kahn, Nat M. 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kaiser, Robert 
Kaleta, Charles J. 
Kalkoske, A. C. 
Kalnin, Jacob 
Kalwajtys, R. S. 
Kamenjarin, Mrs. 

Kamin, Alfred 
Kamin, Howard P. 
Kaminski, Dr. M. V. 
Kammholz, T. C. 
Kandlik, Edward A. 
Kane, George H. 
Kane, Mrs. Marion O. 
Kanehl, James R. 
Kanelos, Frank S. 
Kangles, Constantine N. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kanter, Melvin 
Kaplan, Alvin'L. 
Kaplan, Mrs. Frank 
Kaplan, Harvey 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Kaplan, Mrs. Julius F. 
Kaplan, Dr. Lawrence 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Kapov, John J. 
Karafotias, Christ 
Kargman, Wallace I. 
Karlin, Daniel 
Karlin, Irving M. 
Karlin, Joseph J. 
Karlin, Leo S. 
Karlin, Norman 
Karlos, Anthony C. 
Karmatz, Mrs. 
Ramonda Jo 
Karst, Lambert P. 
Karstens, James W. 
Kart, Eugene 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Kash, Bernard B. 
Kass, J. Peter 
Katz, Alan D. 
Katz, Bernard 
Katz, Edwin M. 
Katz, Mrs. Harold A. 
Katz, Miss Jessie 
Katz, Meyer 
Katzin, Samuel N. 
Kauflfman, Theo., Jr. 
Kaufman, Daniel D. 
Kaufman, M. G. 
Kaufmann, Fred R., Jr. 
Kavanaugh, Miss Julia 
Kay, Joseph C. 
Kayser, Victor P. 
Kearney, E. L. 
Kearney, Marshall V. 
Kearney, William P. 
Keating, Edward 
Keator, Harry F., Jr. 
Keck, George 
Keck, Mathew 
Keck, Richard B. 
Keck, Dr. W. L. 
Keefe, John F. 
Keeler, Carl R., Jr. 
Keene, Joseph J. 
Keister, G. E. 
Keith, David L. 
Keith, Elbridge 
Keller, Harry F. 
Keller, Mrs. J. E. 
Keller, M. J. 
Keller, Ralph 
Kelley, Alfred J. 
Kelley, Mrs. M. Cotton 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Clyde 
Kelly, Dr. Frank B. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, J. Edgar 

Kelly, John E., Jr. 
Kelly, John J., Jr. 
Kelly, Thomas F. 
Kemp, Neal 
Kemp, Miss Ola 
Kemp, Richard B. 
Kemp, Wallace B. 
Kendall, Claude 
Kendall, G. R. 
Kennedy, J. G. 
Kenoe, Henry W. 
Kent, Edward C. 
Kenyon, Dr. A. T. 
Kenyon, Michael M. 
Keranen, George M. 
Kern, John N. 
Kerns, Lawrence A. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Kerr, Robert M. 
Kerr, William D. 
Kerrigan, W. 
Kesses, Rev. Niketas 
Kessler, Ben H. 
Kessler, Paul T., Jr. 
Kettel, Dr. Louis John 
Ketting, Howard B. 
Kiddoo, Guy C. 
Kieffer, Ralph C. 
Kihlstrum, Elmer E. 
Kiley, Francis T. 
Kilmnick, M. L. 
Kimball, Charles H. G. 
Kimball, Kenneth J. 
Kimes, Gerald C. 
Kincannon, Jack F. 
Kincheloe, Samuel C. 
Kindahl, John O. 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, Forest A. 
King, H. R. 
King, John D. 
King, Lynwood B., Jr. 
King, Robert H. 
King, Willard L. 
King, WilHam H., Jr. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kinkead, W. S. 
Kinne, Harry C, Sr. 
Kipnis, Daniel D. 
Kirby, Dr. William 
Kirkland, William S. 
Kirschbaum, Irving H. 
Kiszely, Karl S., Jr. 
Kittle, Mrs. C. M. 
Kjelstrom, Paul C. 
Klapman, Philip A. 
Klas, Richard T. 
Klatt, Albert Arthur 
Kleeman, Richard E. 
Klefstad, Sivert 
Klehm, Howard G. 

Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Dr. Ernest L. 
Klein, Dr. Erwin 
Klein, Robert L. 
Klemperer, Leo A. 
Klepak, John J. 
Klikun, Z. P. 
Kling, Leopold 
Klutznick, Arthur 
Kneip, Elmer W. 
Knoebel, Mrs. Walter H. 
Knoll, George L. 
Knorr, Amos K. 
Knorr, Thomas H. 
Knourek, William M. 
Knowles, D. H. 
Knuepfer, C. A. 
Knutson, A. C. 
Koch, Carl 
Koch, Glenn H. 
Koehn, Carl W. 
Koenig, O. N. 
Koenigsberg, Max 
Koff, Dr. Robert H. 
Kohn, Edward 
Kohn, Louis 
Kohn, Mrs. Sylvan 
Kolar, George G. 
Kolesiak, Walter R. 
Kolflat, Alf 
Kolssak, Louis A. 
Koplin, Mrs. Harry 
Koretz, Edgar E. 
Koretz, Robert J. 
Korschot, Benjamin C. 
Korshak, Marshall 
Korshak, Saul 
Kos, Victor A. 
Kosdon, A. 
Kot, Henry C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kovalick, W. W. 
Kowalski, Dr. Leonard F. 
Kraft, Mrs. David H. 
Kraft, Maurice M. 
Kraft, Ralph B. 
Krag, Franz K. 
Kramer, Harry G., Jr. 
Kramer, L. H. 
Kramer, Melvin A. 
Kramer, Robert 
Krane, Leonard J. 
Krause, Adolph 
Krause, Miss Pearl 
Krause, Walter C. 
Krebs, D. F. 
Krebs, Walter O. 
Kreer, Henry B. 
Kreger, Leon A. 
Krehl, Rico B. 
Krensky, Arthur M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Kreuger, C. W. 
Krimsin, Leonard 
Kringel, Leon H. 
Krinsley, Lazarus 
Kritchevsky, Jerome 
Kroeschell, Mrs. Roy 
Kroll, Harry 
Krueger, Roy H. 
Kruggel, Arthur, Jr. 
Krulik, Michael 
Krumdieck, Leo 
Krupp, David J. 
Krzeminski, Stanley J. 
Kuchar, Mrs. Marie 
Kuechmann, A. M. 
Kuehn, Miss Katharine 
Kuehne, E. Richard 
Kuhnen, C. W. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kulikowski, A. H. 
Kullman, F. H., Jr. 
Kunin, Maxwell 
Kurpieski, Mrs. Eleanor 
Kurtz, George H. 
Kurtz, Thomas D. 
Kurz, Walter C. 
Kushell, Charles J. 
Kusswurm, Armin H. 

Lachman, Harold 
Laegeler, J. C, Jr. 
Lafferty, Dr. Charles 

Ferdinand W. 
Lagorio, Dr. 

Francis A., Jr. 
Laidlaw, John 
Laidlaw, John, Jr. 
Laidley, Roy R. 
Laird, Miss Jane A. 
Laird, Kenneth 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Charles W., Jr. 
Lampe, J. B. 
Lancaster, Oscar L., Jr. 
Lance, O. C. 
Landahl, Mrs. Herbert D. 
Landau, S. J. 
Lane, George A. 
Lang, Eugene C. 
Langan, Harley B. 
Lange, Hugo C. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Large, Judson 
Larkin, J. D. 
Larrance, Ken 
Larsen, Mrs. Willy 
Larson, Simon P. 
LaRue, Victor E. 
LaSalle, Miss Janet A. 

Lasch, Charles F. 
Lash, Dr. A. F. 
Lasher, Willard K. 
Latta, Mrs. Philip R. 
Lau, Mrs. M. K. 
Laud, Sam 
Lauder, T. E. 
Laven, Philip J. 
Lavezzorio, John M. 
Law, M. A. 

Lawrence, Dr. Charles H. 
Laws, Theodore H. 
Lawton, Robert M. 
Laurion, J. L. 
Layfer, Seymour J. 
Lealtad, Miss Grace 
Leander, Russell J. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Louis 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Ledbetter, James L. 
Ledder, Edward J., Jr. 
Lee, Mrs. Agnes 
Lee, Bernard F. 
Lee, Bertram Z. 
Lee, Mrs. Raymond E. 
Leekley, Philip A. 
Leffler, F. O. 
Le Goff, Montgomery 
Lehecka, Clarence J. 
Lehman, Lloyd W. 
Lehmann, Robert O. 
LeHockey, D. M. 
Leigh, Kenneth G. 
Leighton, Mrs. Arthur J. 
Leighton, Robert 
Leiner, John G. 
Lensing, Edward C, Jr. 
Leonard, Mrs. Ray W. 
Leopold, Robert L. 
LeRoy, Dr. George V. 
Lesch, John F. 
Leslie, Orren S. 
Lester, Mrs. Robert 
Levi, Stanley B. 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levinson, Mrs. Winnifred 
Levitan, Moses 
Levy, Albert H. 
Levy, Bennett S. 
Levy, Jacob 
Lewis, Edward J. 
Lewis, Harold W. 
Lewis, Louis J. 
Lewis, R. W. 
Lichtmann, S. A. 
Liebenow, Robert C. 
Lieber, Maury J. 
Lieber, Philip A. 
Lietz, J. T. 
Liffshin, Reuben J. 

Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Liljedahl, Miss Edna V. 
Lill, George, II 
Lillienfield, C. H. 
Limarzi, Dr. Louis R. 
Lind, Paul B. N. 
Lindberg, Donald F. 
Lindell, Arthur G. 
Lindquist, A. J. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lindsley, A. J. 
Linnert, Miss Elaine 
Lipinski, M. G. 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
List, Stuart 
Liston, Thomas P. 
Liszka, Stanley J. 
Litschgi, Dr. J. J. 
Little, Wilson V. 
Littman, Benson 
Llewellyn, Karl N. 
Lloyd, Carl S. 
Lloyd, Miss Georgia 
Lloyd, Thomas J. 
Locke, Edwin A., Jr. 
Lockwood, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Loeb, Mrs. Ernest G. 
Loeb, Herbert A., Jr. 
Loeb, Theodore R. 
Loebe, Edward E. 
Loebl, Jerrold 
Loeffler, Julius 
Loewenstein, Mrs. 

Logan, James E. 
Logan, Robert 
Logelin, Edward C. 
Long, H. Dale 
Long, Marshall R. 
Lonnes, Leon 
Lonnon, Mrs. 

Raymond G. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Looney, Charles C. 
Lorance, Mrs. Luther M. 
Lorant, B. H. 
Loughead, Miss Ruth 
Lourie, Donald B. 
Lov, Gustav L. 
Love, John T. 
Love, H. Norris 
Love, Harold 
Loverde, Dr. Albert A. 
Lowden, James E. 
Lowe, Dr. Edmund W. 
Lowe, Walter L. 
Lowrie, Raymond P. 
Lowy, Walter H. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Luce, Richard 

Lueders, Ralph J. 

Luick, Mrs. D. J. 

Luken, M. G., Jr. 

Lund, Bjarne, Jr. 

Lundberg, Robert 

Lundgren, Sten J. 

Luotto, Stefano 

Lupfer, WilHam B. 

Lurie, S. C. 

Lutterbeck, Dr. 

Eugene F. 
Lydon, Eugene K. 
Lykken, Palmer G. 
Lynch, Miss Georgia A. 
Lynch, V. Reges 
Lynch, Miss Zoe D. 
Lynn, Mrs. Robert H. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Dr. Samuel S. 
Lyons, Michael H. 

Mac Arthur, Roger 
MacChesney, Mrs. 

MacDonald, H. E. 
MacFarland, Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Maciunas, Dr. A. 
Mack, Edward E., Jr. 
Mack, John J. 
Mack, Dr. Ronald B. 
Mackay, Dr. Roland P. 
Mackaye, Mrs. M. R. 
Mackel, Dr. Audley M. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Macki, Gunnar C. 
Mackoff, Dr. Herman 
MacKrell, F. C. 
MacNamee, Merrill W. 
Macomb, J. deNavarre 
Madden, Robert J. 
Madonia, Dr. Anthony V. 
Magers, Donald D. 
Magill, Miss Hallie 
Mah, George G. 
Mahon, D. Lee 
Maier, Dr. Roe J. 
Main, Charles 0. 
Maison, Mrs. L. G. 
Majerus, Paul W. 
Major, Frank A. 
Malato, Stephen A. 
Mamby, Dr. Audley R. 
Mandel, Sidney W. 
Mangan, Francis 
Mangan, Dr. Frank P. 
Mangier, Fred J. 
Mann, Earle A. 
Mann, Dr. Philip 

Mannette, Mrs. 

Russell L. 
Manning, Dr. John J. 
Mannion, John F. 
Maranz, Leo S. 
Marcellus, Edward F. 
Marchetti, Mrs. Alfred 
Marcus, Abel 
Marcus, Dr. Richard E. 
Mardorf, Miss Mae F. 
Margolis, Dr. 
Bernard S. 
Mark, E. E. 
Markey, Howard T. 
Markman, Simeon K. 
Marks, Frank O. 
Marks, Ira G. 
Marks, Melvin C. 
Markus, Henry A. 
Marley, John L. 
Marling, Mrs. 
Franklin, Jr. 
Marlowe, Dr. John J. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marron, Dr. James W. 
Marsan, Dr. Edward R. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Marshall, Frank G. 
Marshitz, Miss 
Grace Elaine 
Marslek, Emil J. 
Marsteller, William A. 
Marston, T. E. 
Martin, Alvah T. 
Martin, Eldon 
Martin, Glenn E. 
Martin, Mrs. 

Louise C. M. 
Martineau, Robert J. 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Marxer, Homer IB. 
Maschgan, Dr. Erich R. 
Mashek, V. F., Jr. 
Mason, Harvey R. 
Mass, Marvin L. 
Massey, Richard W. 
Mastri, Mrs. Aquil 
Masur, Dr. Walter W. 
Matchett, Hugh M. 
Matera, Dr. Charles R. 
Matheson, Martin H. 
Mathey, H. C, Jr. 
Mathieu, Auguste 
Matson, H. M. 
Matter, Joseph A. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Matthews, Miss Laura S. 
Mattingly, Fred B. 
Mauer, Dr. William J. 

Mauritz, Waldo 

Maxon, R. C. 

Maxwell, John M. 

Maxwell, Robert E. 

Maxwell, W. R. 

Maxwell, Dr. William L. 

May, Sol 

Mayer, Frederick 

Mayer, Harold M. 

Mayfield, W. A. 

Maynard, Robert W. 

McArthur, A. Peter N. 

McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 

McCabe, Frank J., Jr. 

McCaffrey, J. L. 

McCall, Dr. I. R. 

McCall, James 

McCally, Frank D. 

McCallister, Frank 

McCallister, James 

McCallum, W. W. 
McCann, Charles J. 
McCarthy, Mrs. 

Theris V. 
McCarthy, Vern I., Jr. 
McCarty, Dr. William C. 
McClellan, John H. 
McCloska, Fred W. 
McCloud, Bentley G., Jr. 
McClurg, Verne O. 
McCollum, Mrs. John W. 
McConnell, C. F. 
McCormack, Mrs. 

Thierry L. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, E. R. 
McCoy, George R. 
McCracken, John W. 
McCracken, Kenneth 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCurdy, Ray J. 
McDermott, H. T. 
McDermott, William F. 
McDonald, John M. 
McDonnell, Morgan F. 
McDonnell, William H. 
McDonough, John J. 
McDougall, Dugald S. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McDowell, Thomas E. 
McElvain, Clifford A. 
McEwan, Mrs. 

Thomas S. 
McEwen, C. Logan 
McGibbon, Edmund L. 
McGovney, Warren C. 
McGowen, Thomas N. 
McGrady, J. A. 
McGraw, Durmont W. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

McGreevy, Robert J. 
McGregor, John M. 
McGrew, Edwin H. 
McGuire, Martin J. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
Mclntyre, James 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinzie, William V. 
McKnight, Gordon L. 
McKnight, L. G. 
McKy, Keith B. 
McLain, Stuart 
McLaren, Richard W. 
McLaughlin, James P. 
McLaughlin, L. B. 
McLaury, Mrs. 

Walker G. 
McLean, Edward C. 
McLeod, William 
McLetchie, Hugh S. 
McMahon, Mrs. 

Daniel P. 
McMahon, Miss 

McMahon, James P. 
McManus, J. L. 
McMillan, Dr. E. L. 
McNair, Frank 
McNally, Andrew, III 

Donald McC. 
McNamara, Harley V. 
McNear, Everett C. 
McNulty, Joseph M. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McTier, Samuel E. 
Mead, Dr. Irene T. 
Meadors, Mrs. 

Howard C. 
Means, John L. 
Meek, Joseph T. 
Megan, Graydon 
Megowen, E. J. 
Mehaffey, Robert V. 
Meier, Mrs. Florence K. 
Meine, Franklin J. 
Meissner, John F. 
Meissner, Robert C. 
Meiszner, John C. 
Melcarek, Dr. T. A. 
Mele, J. F. 

MeUinghausen, Parker 
Mellody, Mrs. 

Andrew R. 
Melville, Mrs. R. S. 
Mendelsohn, Dr. 

Robert S. 
Menzner, Mrs. 

Howard B. 

Merens, Seymour H. 
Merker, George 
Merrill, Raymond K. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mervis, David C. 
Mesirow, Norman 
Metcoff, Eli 
Meyer, Albert F. 
Meyer, Mrs. Carl 
Meyer, Mrs. Clara K. 
Meyer, Harold W. 
Meyer, Dr. Karl A. 
Meyer, L. E. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Meyers, S. E. 
Michaels, F. W. 
Michaels, Joseph M. 
Michaels, Ralph 
Michalaros, Demetrios 
Michels, Henry W., Jr. 
Mickie, Walter 
Miehls, Don G. 
Migely, Robert J. 
Milbrook, A. T. 
Milburn, James F. 
Mildren, Miss Sarah E. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Arthur J., Jr. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, F. L. 
Miller, Glenn R. 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Miller, Henry E. 
Miller, John W. 
Miller, Leo A. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Milton T. 
Miller, Richard P. 
Miller, Miss Ruth 
Miller, R. W. 
Miller, Robert H. 
Miller, Mrs. Thomas S. 
Miller, Wesley C. 
Miller, William Bricen, Jr. 
Miller, William H. 
Miller, Mrs. William W. 
Milligan, Robert L. 
Millington, Dr. 

George H. 
Millman, George W. 
Mills, Walter B. 
Mills, Wesley K. 
Milne, Mrs. David H. 
Minor, R. R. 
Mitchell, George 
Mitchell, John E. 
Mitchell, John L. 
Mittleman, Eugene 

Mix, Clarence E. 
Moburg, Gerry 
Mohl, Arthur F. 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Mohr, Clarence 
Moinichen, Sigfred L. 
Mollendorf, J. D. 
Molnar, Charles 
Monney, Walter A. 
Monsen, Myron T. 
Montenier, Jules 
Montgomery, Mrs. 

Montgomery, P. B. 
Montgomery, S. A. 
Mont-Pas, Westley F. 
Moore, Mrs. Carl R. 
Moore, Donald F. 
Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Edwin R. 
Moore, Dr. E. M. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Kenneth W. 
Moore, Lucien W. 
Moore, R. E. 
Moore, Mrs. Ruth 
Moore, Miss Ruth S. 
Moran, J. Alfred 
Morava, John H. 
Moreland, James C. 
Morey, Albert A. 
Morgan, Dr. Freda 
Morgan, G. Walker 
Morgan, Mark C. 
Moriarty, M. J., Jr. 
Morley, Robert T. 
Moroni, Harry E., Jr. 
Morrell, Louis 
Morris, Milton H. 
Morrow, Mrs. C. Allen 
Morstadt, Arthur H. 
Mortimer, Charles A. 
Morton, Howard C. 
Moss, Jerry 
Mottek, C. T. 
Mottier, C. H. 
Muckley, Robert L. 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Mugg, Charles L. 
Muldoon, John A., Jr. 
Mullaney, Paul L. 
Mullen, J. Bernard 
Mullery, Donald C. 
Mundstock, Robert W. 
Munnecke, Robert C. 
Munnecke, Mrs. 

Wilbur C. 
Murphy, Edward F. 
Murphy, H. C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Michael P. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Murphy, Stephen M. 
Murphy, W. Richard 
Murray, Cecil J. 
Murray, Edwin A. 
Murray, McGarry P, 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Musicus, Raphael J. 
Muzzy, H. Earle 
Myers, W. L. 

Naghten, John Mullin 
Nagler, K. B. 
Nagy, Dr. Andrew 
Narowetz, Mrs. Louis L. 
Naser, Charles F., Mrs. Herbert 
Nash, R. D. 
Natchett, Webster 
Nath, Bernard 
Nathan, Leonard 
Naughton, M. James 
Naughton, Dr. Thomas J. 
Naven, Benjamin S. 
Neal, Mrs. Herman 
Neckar, Louis C. 
Nedoss, Dr. H. P. 
Neiburger, Herman A. 
Neigoff, Miss Anne 
Neilson, Madison P. 
Nelson, Mrs. 

Arnold C, Jr. 
Nelson, C. E. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Edwin W. 
Nelson, William H. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Nettnin, L. H. 
Neubauer, Floyd T. 
Neufeld, Dr. 

Evelyn A. Rinallo 
Neukuckatz, John 
Nevitt, M. V. 
Newburg, C. Frank 
Newcombe, Leo 
Newhagen, A. J. 
Newman, Mrs. Albert H. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Dr. Marcus M. 
Newman, Ralph G. 
Newton, Ernest L. 
Newton, Lee Craig 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblick, James F. 
Nice, Dr. Leonard B. 
Nicholson, Dwight 
Nickel, Walter J. 
Nilles, B. P. 
Nilsson, Erik 
Nippert, Louis 
Nisen, Charles M. 
Nisson, Dr. Philip S, 

Nixon, Charles A. 
Noble, Fred G. 
Noel, Albert E. 
Noel, Emil 
Noonan, T. Clifford 
Noonan, William A., Jr. 
Norby, Harold L. 
Nordberg, C. A. 
Norman, Gustave 
Norman, James D. 
Norris, Mrs. Bruce A. 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
North, William S. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Northway, Robert L. 
Norton, Mrs. Carl R. 
Norton, Charles E. 
Norton, Michael J. 
Novick, Irwin A. 
Noyes, Mrs. Ernest 
Nugent, Dr. Oscar B. 
Nutting, Harold J. 
Nygren, Henry C. 

Oakhill, Frederic 
Oakley, Kenneth E. 
Oakley, Mrs. SterHng A. 
Oberfelder, Joseph H, 
Oberhelman, Dr. 

Harry A. 
Oberlander, Dr. 

Andrew J. 
Oberlander, James C. 
Obermaier, Mrs. 

John Burton 
Oberman, Dr. 

Abraham M. 
O'Boyle, C. Robert 
O'Brien, Dale 
O'Brien, Dr. Donald E. 
O'Brien, Donald J. 
O'Brien, Dr. George F. 
O'Brien, Mrs. 

Mae Sexton, Jr. 
O'Brien, Ward 
O'Brien, William L. 
O'Callaghan, Mrs. F. M. 
Ocasek, Dr. M. F. 
O'Connell, Dr. 

Franklin T., Jr. 
O'Conner, P. K. 
O'Connor, F. E. 
O'Connor, Hugh J. 
O'Connor, John J. 
O'Connor, Michael J. 
O'Connor, Thomas S. 
O'Connor, William E. 
Odell, Miss Audrey 
Odell, Dr. Clarence B. 
Oden, Dr. Joshua 

Odiaga, Dr. Ignacio 
O'Haire, Harry J. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Dr. James J. 
O'Keefe, John F. 
Okerberg, Philip E. 
Old, Admiral Francis P. 
O'Leary, Miss Geraldine 
Olhausen, Miss Alice 
Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, William S. 
Ollendorff, Klaus 
Olsen, Clarence 
O'Neal, O. W. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
O'Neill, J. W. 
Opie, Earle F. 
Orb, John A. 
O'Reilly, Frank E. 
O'Riordan, Charles F. 
Orlikoff, Richard 
Orr, Hunter K. 
Orr, Mrs. Max D. 
Orschel, A. K. 
Orstrom, Albert Z. 
Orth, Gustave 
Osann, Edward W., Jr. 
Osborne, John S. 
Osborne, Nathan G. 
Osborne, W. Irving, Jr. 
Oscar, Robert E. 
Osgood, Stacy W. 
O'Shaughnessy, James B. 
O'Toole, John J. 
O'Toole, Paul 
Ott, John C. 
Otto, Dr. George H. 
Otto, Walter C. 
Ovenu, Dr. Harold 
Overton, George W., Jr. 
Owen, John E. 
Owen, Mrs. Ralph W. 
Owen, S. C. 

Pabich, Mrs. George E. 
Pacer, T, S. 

Pachman, Dr. Daniel J. 
Packard, Miss 

Emmy Lou 
Paden, Mrs. Keith L. 
Padrick, E. B. 
Paffhausen, J. V. 
Page, Mrs. William H., II 
Pagenkopf, Miss 

Pagenta, Dan 
Paidar, Mrs. Leonard J. 
Pakel, John, Sr. 
Palm, Mrs. Ralph D. 
Palmer, Dr. John M. 
Panuce, Paul J. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Papierniak, Dr. Frank B. 
Paradee, Sidney A. 
Parker, Lee N. 
Parker, Sam T., Jr. 
Parkhurst, Marshall M. 
Parme, Alfred L. 
Parmer, John F. 
Parry, Mrs. Margaret 
Parshall, Stephen 
Paschal, John William 
Pasco, Frank J. 
Pasko, Walter P. 
Patterson, Stewart 
Patterson, W. A. 
Patterson, M. W. 
Patton, James Thomas 
Patton, Ralph E. 
Paul, L. 0. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Paulus, Mrs. Max G. 
Paveza, Charles 
Payes, William J., Jr. 
Payson, Randolph 
Peabody, Mrs. 

Stuyvesant, Sr. 
Pearce, Charles S. 
Peck, Miss Constance L. 
Peck, Nelson C. 
Peck, Stewart T. 
Peckler, Dr. David A. 
Pellettiere, Joseph J. 
Pellouchoud, Vernon J. 
Pelz, William W. 
Pendexter, J. F. 
Penn, Kurt G. 
Pennebaker, Elliott H. 
Penner, Louis L. 
Penner, Richard J. 
Penner, Samuel 
Pennigsdorf, Lutz 
Pepich, Stephen T. 
Pepper, Richard S. 
Peregrine, Moore W, 
Perkins, Donald S. 
Perkins, Dr. George L. 
Perkins, Lawrence B. 
Perlman, Alfred B. 
Perlman, Alfred H. 
Perlman, Harold L. 
Perlstein, Miss Sarah M. 
Perry, Miss Margaret E. 
Pershing, Mrs. Peter A. 
Petacque, Max W. 
Peters, Dr. Albert G. 
Peters, Tom J. 
Petersen, Lawrence A. 
Peterson, Clifford J. 
Peterson, C. W. 
Peterson, Dr. Daniel D. 
Peterson, David D. 
Peterson, H. R. 

Peterson, Harold E. 
Peterson, O. Ewald 
Peterson, O. C. 
Peterson, Peter G. 
Peterson, Victor H. 
Peterson, Walter J. 
Pettinger, Andrew 
Pettit, Roger 
Petty, Dr. David T. 
Petty, P. E. 
Pfarrer, W. H. 
Phelps, Miss Elizabeth 
Phelps, William Henry 
Philipsborn, Herbert F. 
Philley, Mrs. W. B. 
Piatek, Stanley R. 
Pick, O. M. 
Pierson, D. Robert 
Pike, Dr. Wayne S. 
Pikiel, Mrs. A. J. 
Pilchard, Elwin S. 
Pilkington, Thomas A. 
Pillsbury, Theodore R. 
Pilot, Dr. I. 
Pinsof, Philip 
Pinsof, William 
Piper, Warren Peter 
Pirofalo, James C. 
Piatt, Henry R., Jr. 
Piatt, Sherwood K. 
Pletsch, George B. 
Plocek, J. Louis 
Plotnick, Dr. I. Robert 
Poe, Miss Frances 
Pohl, Dr. Carl M. 
Pollock, Dr. George H. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Pond, Mrs. Harold M. 
Pontius, Andrew L. 
Pontius, Mrs. G. V. 
Pool, E. J. 
Pope, J. W. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Porter, L. W. 
Portis, Henry R. 
Potter, Charles S. 
Potts, Dr. Willis J. 
Powers, Carl J. 
Powers, William F. 
Praeger, Charles H. 
Preble, Mrs. Robert, Jr. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Press, Robert M. 
Preston, Charles D. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, J. H. 
Prince, Howard C. 
Prince, Kenneth C. 
Prince, WiUiam Wood 
Prindiville, Frank W. 
Pringle, Don 

Prins, D. J. B. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritikin, Mrs. Sara Z. 
Puestow, Dr. Charles B. 
Pullman, Frederick C. 
Purdy, John P. 
Purvis, Miss Sadie 
Pushkin, Dr. E. A. 
Putnam, Edmond D. 

Quackenboss, Thomas C. 
Quavle, Robert 
Querl, E. P. 
Quin, George Robert 
Quindry, Frank 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raaen, John C. 
Radack, Mrs. 

Dorothy W. 
Rahl, Mrs. James A. 
Raleigh, Dr. William T. 
Rail, Mrs. Hans R. 
Ramsey, Lon W. 
Randell, A. C. 
Rank, Emil T. 
Ranney, George A., Jr. 
Ransom, Robert C, Sr. 
Rapp, George J. 
Rasmussen, Howard R. 
Rassenfoss, John A. 
Rathburn, M. Hudson 
Raubitschek, Dr. 

Howard A. 
Rawleigh, James N. 
Ray, Hugh L. 
Rayfield, Master 

Russell P. 
Rayfield, Rutherford P. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Raynor, Milton T. 
Raysa, Richard S. 
Read, Freeman C. 
Read, George S. 
Ready, Charles H. 
Rearick, Arden J. 
Record, Robert W. 
RedcHffe, R. L. 
Redding, Mrs. Edward 
Redfield, C. Truman 
Redmond, William A. 
Reed, Mrs. Charles A. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Harold V. 
Reed, L. F. B. 
Rees, Lester G. 
Reese, Edward H. 
Reeves, George C. 
Refakes, A. J. 
Regan, D. B. 
Regnery, Mrs. Henry 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Reichert, Dr. John M. 
Reichmann, Richard S. 
Reicin, Frank E. 
Reid, Alf F. 
Reid, Fred T. 
Reid, Samuel S. 
Reider, William A. 
Reidy, T. Hamil 
Reilly, G. W. 
Reilly, W. J. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiner, John S., Sr. 
Renald, Joseph P. 
Rennicke, Norbett G. 
Rentfro, Dr. Joelle 
Resnikoff, George J. 
Reuscher, Charles J. 
Revnes, Richard 
Reynolds, Earle R. 
Reynolds, James A., Jr. 
Reynolds, Thomas A., Sr. 
Rhead, Dr. Clifton C. 
Rhoads, Clarence C. 
Rice, Dr. Frank E. 
Rice, Dr. Orlin W. 
Rich, Joseph E. 
Rich, R. Joseph 
Richards, Miss Irma L. 
Richards, John C. 
Richards, Longley 
Richards, Mrs. Oron E. 
Richman, Mrs. Irvin F. 
Richman, Orrin M. 
Richmond, Herbert J. 
Richter, Harold 
Ricker, Joseph A. 
Ridenour, G. L. 
Ridley, Douglas 
Riederer, Frank W. 
Riegel, Malcolm S. 
Riegler, Eugene 
Ries, Max H. 
Riggs, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Riggs, W. R. 
Riha, Frank J. 
Riker, Dr. William L. 
Riley, Earl K. 
Riley, Edward C. 
Rinaker, Samuel M. 
Ring, Leonard M. 
Ringenberg, Wade R. 
Rink, Dr. Arthur G. 
Rink, George A. 
Rioff, Harry A. 
Ripley, James J. 
Riva, Joseph P. 
Rix, Mrs. Bernard J. 
Roach, O. R. 
Roach, Rollin W. 
Robandt, Al 
Robb, Mrs. Margaret H. 

Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Laurence B, 
Roberts, William E. 
Robinson, C. Snelling 
Robinson, Dr. David 
Robinson, Milton D. 
Robinson, W. H. 
Rochetto, Mrs. Evelyn 
Rodell, Herbert L. 
Rodger, John H. 
Rodman, George E. 
Rodriquez, Dr. Arthur A. 
Rodwick, Frank P. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Roehrborn, Ernest R. 
Roettger, Don E. 
Rogal, Mrs. Helen L. 
Rogers, Owen 
Rogers, Mrs. Richard L. 
Rohloff, Paul F. 
Rohn, Mrs. Esther E. 
Rold, Dr. Dale 
Rolfe, John M. 
Rolfing, Mrs. R. C. 
Rollman, Justin A. 
Romain, William A. 
Roman, B. F. 
Romano, Michael R. 
Romer, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Ronning, Magnus L 
Rootberg, Philip 
Rose, Jack 
Rose, Orion L. 
Rose, Ralph 
Roseland, J. G. 
Rosen, Harold J. 
Rosenberg, Ben L. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenberg, H. E. 
Rosenblatt, S. L. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. 

Irwin S. 
Rosenheim, H. H. 
Rosenson, Herzl 
Rosenthal, Gerson M., Jr. 
Rosenwald, Mrs, 

Milly M. 
Roshkind, Allan I. 
Rosner, Manuel 
Ross, Dr. Chester John 
Ross, Donald J. 
Ross, Earl 
Ross, Mrs. K. B. 
Ross, Dr. Martin T. 
Ross, Ralph H. 
Rosset, Harry 
Rossit, George G. 
Rossman, Theodore 
Rossow, Mrs. Phylis 
Roth, Mrs. Donald I. 

Roth, Sylvan A. 
Rothschild, Edward 
Roulston, Robert J. 
Rowe, F. B. 
Royds, Arthur V. 
Rozmarek, Charles 
Rudd, N. H. 
Rudolph, Dr. A. H. 
Rudolph, Miss Patricia 
Rudolph, Walter D. 
Rubert, William F. 
Rudin, Louis E. 
Ruff, J. 

Ruhl, Robert H. 
Rummell, Darwin M. 
Rumsfeld, Herbert W. 
Rundin, Walter C, Jr. 
Runions, Mrs, Eugene 

Runzel, William L., Jr, 
Rush, Richard B. 
Ruskin, Mrs. Harry H. 
Rusnak, Dr. Edward F. 
Russell, Harold S. 
Russell, Mrs. Paul 
Russell, Theron W. 
Russell, W, Hunter 
Ruth, Miss Thyra J. 
Rutherford, Frank 
Rutherford, George L. 
Rutherford, James E. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ruttenberg, David C. 
Ruttenberg, Derald H. 
Ryan, Arnold W. 
Ryerson, Anthony M, 
Ryser, Frank 
Ryser, Werner 

Saalfeld, Harry H. 
Sabshin, Dr. Edith G. 
Saccone, Joseph A., Jr. 
Sachar, Bernard 
Sachs, Arthur B. 
Sachs, Irving J. 
Sachs, Jack L. 
Sack, Don 
Sackett, DeForest 
Sackheim, Michael P. 
Sackheim, Sol 
Sadauskas, Miss 

Frances H. 
Sadlek, Robert James 
Sagan, Bruce 
Sage, Andrew 
Sage, Miss Mary E, 
Sager, Mrs. S. Norman 
Salanda, Karl B. 
Saldivar, Dr. Ricardo E. 
Sallemi, James V, 
Salmon, Mrs, Charles S. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Salomon, Ira 
Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 
Salvador, Rupert D. 
Sampson, Robert L. 
Sampson, William D. 
Samuels, Albert 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Samuels, Harold L. 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, John V. 
Sanders, Frank B. 
Sanders, Joseph H. 
Sanders, Robert L. 
Sandrok, Edward G. 
Sanfilippo, Dr. John A. 
San Fihppo, Dr. Paul D. 
Sang, Bernard S. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Sappanos, Michael 
Satter, Mark J. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Richard S. 
Saupe, Mrs. Anna 
Savage, Mrs. Stanley 
Savin, Bernard 
Savin, V. R. 
Sawyer, Percy 
Sax, Jerome M. 
Sax, Leonard B. 
Sayers, Miss Edith E. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scala, Mrs. Florence 
Scallon, John W. 
Scandiff, Jerry R. 
Scanlan, Thomas P. 
Scanlon, Miss Marjorie 
Scarborough, Mrs. Henry 
Schaar, B. E. 
Schaden, Harry 
Schaden, Tobias 
Schaefer, W. A. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Miss Marion 
Schageman, R. V. 
Schaller, George J. 
Schallman, David A. 
Schallmoser, Joseph 
Scheele, A. 
Scheer, Harry 
Scheinfeld, Aaron 
Schelly, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Schelthoff, John W. 
Scheman, Dr. Louis 
Schiff, Max 
Schildt, Fred H. 
Schiller, Dr. A. L. 
Schiller, Arthur J. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schipfer, Dr. L. A. 
Schlacks, Howard F. 
Schlessinger, Dr. Nathan 

Schlicht, B. J. 
Schloerb, Robert G. 
Schlossberg, John B. 
Schlossman, Norman J. 
Schmehil, Dr. Edward J. 
Schmidt, Robert George 
Schmidt, Mrs. 

Siegfried G. 
Schmitt, Mrs. Agnes K. 
Schmitt, Roland G. 
Schneider, Charles 1. 
Schoch, M. G. 
Schoeneberger, Charles A. 
Schoettler, F. Girard 
Schonthal, .Joseph 
Schooler, Lee 
Schoonhoven, Ray J. 
Schorn, Arnold N. 
Schrader, John P. 
Schraeder, Mrs. Harry H. 
Schrager, Charles L. 
Schreyer, Carl G. 
Schroeder, Paul A. 
Schroeder, Dr. Paul W. 
Schroeder, Werner W. 
Schrom, Archie M. 
SchuHen, Charles 
Schultz, Chester H. 
Schultz, Eugene B., Jr. 
Schultz, Whitt N. 
Schultz, W. Norman 
Schumaker, L. C. 
Schuth, 0. D. 
Schuttler, Mrs. Peter 
Schutz, Reuben, 
Schwalm, Harold E. 
Schwartz, Ben E. 
Schwartz, Leo J. 
Schwartz, U. S. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, A. Charles 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, Mrs. J. Russell 
Scott, Mrs. Marion R. 
Scott, Robert M. 
Scott, Walter B. 
Scrimgeour, Miss 

Gladys M. 
Scully, Charles F. 
Seaman, Henry L. 
Searles, Donald K. 
Searson, Robert V. 
Seator, Douglas S. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Seelmayer, Miss Helen M . 
Segal, J. Herzl 
Segal, Max 
Segal, Myron M. 
Segman, Walter W. 
Seib, John R. 

Seibert, William R. 
Seidel, Walter H. 
Seitz, Claude T. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Sell, N. J. 
Sellers, Paul A. 
Selz, Frank E. 
Sensenbrenner, 0. K. 
Sensibar, Mrs. Ezra 
Sevcik, John G. 
Severns, Roger L. 
Severance, George S. 
Sewart, Whitney M. 
Sewell, Allen K. 
Seymour, Fletcher 
Shafer, Frederick C. 
Shafer, Dr. Sid John 
Shaffer, Harry G. 
Shalla, Dr. Leon S. 
Shand, David W. 
Shannon, Peter M. 
Shantz, Marc A. 
Shaw, Lee C. 
Shea, Richard E. 
Shearer, James, II 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Shedd, Jeffrey 
Sheehan, Mrs. Robert R. 
Sheehan, Thomas J. 
Sheen, Al B. 
Shepard, Kenneth E. 
Shepard, L. L. 
Shepard, Miss Susan 
Shepherd, Ronald J. 
Sherer, Mrs. Albert W. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sheridan, Raymond M. 
Sherman, John H. 
Sherman, Robert T. 
Shetler, Stanley L. 
Shields, G. A. 
Shilton, Earle A. 
Shine, Joseph J. 
Shipley, M. L. 
Shlaes, Harry L. 
Shlopack, Wallace B. 
Short, Charles F., Jr. 
Short, William H. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shuart, Karl P. 
Shuflitowski, Joseph T. 
Shure, Arnold I. 
Shriver, Robert 

Sargent, Jr. 
Shy, Ira 0. 
Sibley, Joseph C, Jr. 
Siebel, George E. 
Sieber, Paul E. 
Sierocinski, E. John 
Silber, Newton E. 
Silver, Mrs. M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Silverthorne, Mrs. 

Simanski, Mrs. Julia 
Simmon, Dr. 

Nicholas M. 
Simmons, George H. 
Simmons, Dr. Nicholas L. 
Simon, Mrs. Arnold B. 
Simon, Charles H. 
Simon, George E. 
Simpson, Benjamin I. 
Simpson, Bruce L. 
Simpson, E. A. 
Simpson, John B. 
Sinaiko, Dr. Edwin S. 
Singer, Morris T. 
Sippel, Edward A. 
Sitek, John A. 
Sitron, Dr. Harold H. 
Sittler, Dr. W. Walter 
Sivyer, Warner 
Skaff, Mrs. Ernest 
Skan, Leon N. 
Sklansky, Mrs. M. A. 
Sklar, N. Raoul 
Skoner, Ralph 
Skudera, Mrs. Marie 
Slindee, Mrs. Edward A. 
Sloan, Dr. Jack H. 
Sloan, Dr. Noah H. 
Smaha, O. O. 
Smalley, B. L. 
Smalley, Dr. Charles J. 
Smalley, John H. 
Smetana, Mrs. Phyllis 
Smiley, Edgar 
Smith, Bernard Peacock 
Smith, C. D. 
Smith, Charles L. 
Smith, Curtis 
Smith, Edgar H. 
Smith, F. Gordon 
Smith, George P. F. 
Smith, H. Kellogg 
Smith, H. William 
Smith, Harold A. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, L. L. 
Smith, Norbert 
Smith, Miss Ollie M. 
Smith, PhiHp E. 
Smith, Mrs. Raymond F. 
Smith, R. L., Jr. 
Smith, Robert C. 
Smith, Mrs. Solomon B. 
Smith, S. S. 
Smoker, Richard E. 
Smyth, David B. 
Snitoff, Howard J. 
Snook, Raymond T. 
Snyder, Bernard 

Snyder, Bernard A. 
Snyder, Edward J., Jr. 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 
Solomon, Ezra 
Sommers, Bert Edward 
Sonderby, Max E. 
Sonne, Fred T. 
Sonntag, Dr. Joseph F. 
Sonoda, Miss Louise 
Soper, Taylor G. 
Sorensen, Howard C. 
Sorrelle, E. Courtney 
Souder, W. F., Jr. 
Sowa, Frank 
Spangler, James C. 
Spanik, Miss Anne 
Spanjer, Henry J., Jr. 
Sparberg, Sidney J. 
Spark, David L 
Spaulding, J. B. 
Speigel, Dr. I. Joshua 
Spencer, Mrs. 

Humphrey Orr 
Spencer, Mrs. I. 
Spencer, William N. 
Sperry, Mrs. Albert T. 
Sperry, Oliver R. 
Spertus, Philip 
Spiegel, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Spiehler, Adolph F. 
Spinka, Dr. Harold M. 
Spitz, Lawrence S. 
Spitz, Milton J. 
Spooner, Dr. Bruce A. 
Spooner, William 
Squire, D. 
Staat, Richard A. 
Staffeld, Byron C. 
Stafford, Charles M. 
Stagman, Nathan 
Stagman, Dr. Joseph 
Stahl, John 
Stahl, T. R. 
Stair, H. Bowen 
Stanbery, J. N. 
Stang, J. I. 
Stanley, E. V. 
Stannard, F. J. 
Stanton, Mrs. Francis R. 
Stanton, John W. 
Stark, Ralph W. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Stauffacher, E. L. 
Stavenhagen, Fred A. 
Stavish, Emanuel G. 
Steans, Dr. George L. 
Stefany, Henry 
Steffen, Charles 
Steigmann, Dr. 


Stein, A. D. 
Stein, Mrs. Louise K. 
Stein, Melvyn E. 
Steiner, Miss Joanne 
Steinhorn, Mrs. S. R. 
Steinmann, Mrs. F. H. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steitz, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Stekly, Harold 
Stenhouse, Miss 

Bessie C. 
Stenn, Dr. Frederick 
Stephan, Edmund A. 
Stephens, Dr. Natalie 
Sterling, James R. 
Stern, John W. 
Stern, Herbert L. 
Stern, Herbert L., Jr. 
Stern, Lawrence F. 
Stern, Russell T. 
Stern, Russell T., Jr. 
Sternberg, Edward 
Stetson, William C. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, John Paul 
Stevenson, Mrs. Borden 
Stewart, Charles L., Jr. 
Stewart, George W. 
Stewart, Lynn 
Stewart, Ray S. 
St. George, George Q. M. 
Stiggleman, James H. 
Stiglitz, Reuben 
Stikkers, Alex 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stix, Lawrence C, Jr, 
Stoaks, Richard O. 
Stocker, Frederick B., Jr. 
Stoffels, Edgar O. 
Stofft, Edmond B. 
Stokesberry, Paul W. 
Stolar, Burton L 
Stollery, Mrs. Harry 
Stolz, Leon 
Stone, Mrs. E. J. 
Stone, Elmer 
Stone, Herbert Stuart 
Stone, J. McWilliams 
Stone, Marvin N. 
Stonehouse, Elmer H. 
Stophlet, William G. 
Storer, E. W. 
Storey, Smith W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stormont, Dr. D. L. 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stover, Frank C. 
Strandjord, Dr. Nels M. 
Strathearn, Donald, Jr, 
Stratton, Robert C. 
Straus, Robert E. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Straus, Mrs. Robert E. 
Stresen-Reuter, A. P. 
Strnad, James E., Jr. 
Strojny, Eugene 
Stryck, Paul W. 
Stuart, Lyman J. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stubenrauch, E. H. 
Stucker, Dr. Fred J. 
Stuckslager, Walter N. 
Study, Dr. Robert S. 
Sturm, Arthur 
Sturmer, Frederick C, Jr. 
Succa, Roy J. 
Sule, Charles J. 
Sullivan, Eugene T. 
Sullivan, J. E. 
Sulzberger, Mrs. 

Frank L. 
Sundell, Miss Grace B. 
Sundt, E. V. 
Sutter, William P. 
Sutz, Frank H. 
Suyker, Hector 
Svec, Anton E. 
Svensson, Olof 
Swain, Mrs. Henry 
Swan, Jack 
Swanson, H. G. 
Swanson, Harry R. 
Swanson, K. G. 
Swartzberg, Irvin 
Sweeney, David B. 
Sweet, Mrs. Carroll 
Swenson, Gayle 
Swenson, R. E. 
Swett, William O. 
Swift, Phelps Hoyt 
Swift, T. Philip 
Swoiskin, Dr. Irving 
Swope, George 
Symons, Walter A. 
Szujewski, Dr. Henry A. 
Szymanski, Dr. 

Frederick J. 

Taaffe, C. R. 
Taber, Edwin M. 
Tabin, Mrs. Adrian 
Tabin, Mrs. Albert 
Tabin, Julius 
Tabin, Seymour 
Taft, Mrs. John Ailes 
Talbot, Dr. Eugene S. 
Talbot, Stuart 
Talmage, Mrs. Harry 
Tannenbaum, Saul O. 
Tarnopol, Emil 
Tarrson, Albert J. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taub, Charles 

Taylor, Fitzhugh 
Taylor, Mrs. Hope 
Taylor, John W. 
Taylor, Robert C. 
Taylor, William L., Jr. 
Tecson, Joseph A. 
Tedrow, James W. 
Teichen, E. H. 
Teitel, Charles 
Teitelbaum, Joseph D. 
Telfer, Bruce T. 
Teller, Sidney A. 
Temple, Jack B. 
Temple, John 
Templeman, William L 
Temps, Leupold 
Teninga, Alfred J. 
Tennant, Don 
Terker, Sam 
Terrill, Dean 
Terry, F. W. 
Tessem, Nels 
Thacker, Francis Edgar 
Teter Park 

Thatcher, Dr. Harold W. 
Thiele, George C. 
Thomas, G. Truman 
Thomas, Miss Martha 
Thomas, Norman L. 
Thomas, Mrs. Todd 
Thompson, C. Harold 
Thompson, H. Hoyt 
Thompson, Dr. John R. 
Thorek, Dr. Philip 
Thoresen, H. B. 
Thorson, Mrs. Reuben 
Tibbs, Harry M. 
Tice, Winfield 
Tilden, Merrill W. 
Timmings, G. H. 
Tinen, John, Jr. 
Tinsley, Dr. Milton 
Tippens, Mrs. Albert H. 
Tipple, Fred A. 
Tobey Newton H. 
Todd, Mrs. E. L. 
Toelle, R. Maynard 
Toggweiler, A. A. 
Tolpin, Dr. Samuel 
Toomin, Philip R. 
Topolinski, J. J. 
Torgerson, Ray G. 
Towns, R. E. 
Toyomura, Dennis 
Trace, Master David R. 
Trace, Master Edward R. 
Trace, Dr. Herbert D. 
Trace, Master Peter A. 
Tracy, George C. 
Tracy, Dr. Paul C. 
Tracy, T. J. 

Tracy, Wheeler 
Trager, D. C. 
Train, Jack D. 
Trainor, Mrs. Minita 
Tramblie, Miss 

Carol Jean 
Traver, George W. 
Travers, Vernon 
Traynor, William 
Treadway, Cecil E. 
Treadwell, George P. 
Trees, Charles J. 
Trees, George S. 
Tremper, Robert 
Trentlage, Richard B. 
Tresley, Dr. Ira J. 
Trieger, Ralph 
Trienens, Howard J. 
Triggs, Warren 
Trimarco, Ralph R. 
Triner, Joseph 
Tripple, Edgar D. 
Troeger, Louis P. 
Trom, Jacob 
Troxell, R. L. 
Tucker, Irwin R. 
Turck, Miss Dorothy 
Turek, A. O. 
Turgrimson, Charles D. 
Turner, Dr. Herbert A. 
Turner, Oliver S. 
Turow, Dr. David D. 
Tuthill, 0. W. 
Tuzin, C. F. 

Twerdahl, Edward A., Jr. 
Tyk, Warren G. 
Tyson, John 

Uhlmann, Richard F. 
Ultsch, W. Lewis 
Unger, Mrs. Dan 
Urann, E. B. 
Urbach, Mrs. H. H. 
Urban, Andrew 
Uretz, Daniel A. 
Uretz, Sol 
Urick, Delbert N. 
Uriell, Frank G. 
Urnes, Dr. M. P. 
Ushijima, Mrs. Ruth 
Utz, Miss Martha 

Vacante, Dr. Anthony B. 
Vachout, Dr. D. M. 
Vail, Mrs. Daniel M. 
Vail, Donald P. 
Vail, J. Dean, Jr. 
Valdes, Dr. Pedro A. 
Valentine, Mrs. Joseph L, 
Van Buskirk, M. G. 
Vance, S. M. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Vanderkloot, Dr. Albert 
Vander Kloot, 

Nicholas J. 
van der Meiilen, John H. 
Vander Ploeg, Frank 
Vanderwicken, Mrs. 

Edwin P. 
Van Deventer, 

William E. 
Van Dyk, S. A. 
Van Epps, Dr. James 
Van Etten, Floyd G. 
Van Gerpen, George 
Van Gorkom, Mrs. J. W. 
Van Hazel, Dr. Willard 
Van Kampen, A. H. 
Van Moss, J. H., Jr. 
Van Ness, A. L. 
Van Stanten, James 
Van Swearingen, Guy H. 
Van Zandt, H. W. 
Vargo, Steve 
Varley, John S. 
Vasalle, Master David 
Vaughn, Wilbert T. 
Velvel, Charles 
Velvel, H. R. 
Venrick, Mrs. Charles F. 
Verhaag, Dr. Joseph E. 
Ver Nooy, Miss Winifred 
Vernon, Leroy N. 
Vetter, Paul G. 
Veverka, Dr. Frank J. 
Vicari, Dr. Frank A. 
Vick, Maurice B. 
Victorine, Vernon E. 
Viger, James W. 
Vihon, Charles H. 
Vilas, Mrs. Royal C. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vincenti, Anthony P. 
Vivas, Julio 
Vlcek, Dr. Anton J. 
Vogel, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Vogelback, Mrs. 

William E. 
Vogler, George A. 
Vogt, Mrs. Albert 
Voigt, Mrs. Wilbur R. 
Vollbrecht, John L. 
Vollmer, Karl F. 
Von Brauchitsch, 

Frederick C. 
Vondrasek, Earl A. 
Vonesh, James F. 
Vonesh, Raymond J. 
Von Gehr, George 
Voorhis, Jerry 
Voosen, John C. 
Voris, Dr. Harold C. 
Vorreiter, C. W. 

Vose, Hamilton, Jr. 
Voytech, Charles F. 
Vratny, Thomas J. 
Vyse, T. A. E. 

Wach, Dr. Edward C. 
Wachtel, Dr. Hans 
Wachter, Frederick J. 
Wack, Mrs. Edwin O. 
Wack, Mrs. Otis 
Wagner, Mrs. David H. 
Wagner, Dr. Hans H. 
Wagoner, William F. 
Waitkus, E. Algerd 
Wajoy, Dr. Rose Mary 
Waldie, Benjamin D. 
Waldman, Dr. Albert G. 
Waldner, Arthur L. 
Waldo, C. Ives, Jr. 
Walgren, Lawrence C. 
Walker, Dr. Alfred 0. 
Walker, Frank R. 
Walker, Dr. Maggie L. 
Walker, Reno R. 
Walker, Ward 
Walker, Mrs. William 

Wall, Dr. James M. 
Wallace, William B. 
Wallace, Zearl B. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Waller, Percy H. 
Wallerstein, David B. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Wallin, Mrs. G. W. 
Walling, Mrs. 

Willoughby G. 
Wallingford, Donald H. 
Wallis, Wayne 
Walter, Guy S. 
Walters, Gary G. 
Walther, Cole 
Waltman, C. E. 
Walz, John W. 
Wang, Dr. S. Y. 
Wanger, David E., Jr. 
Wanzer, H. Stanley 
Warady, Dr. Seymore C. 
Ward, Eugene R. 
Ward, Granville 
Ward, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Ward, William Parker 
Warde, Frederick A. 
Wardwell, Allen 
Wardwell, Henry 
Ware, James R. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warman, Winfield C. 
Warner, Mason 
Warner, Peter B. 
Warren, Richard C. 

Warshawsky, Roy I. 
Warshell, Henry L. 
Warwick, O. H. 
Was, Dr. Harold H. 
Washburn, Dr. 

Kenneth C. 
Wasson, Theron 
Waterbury, Donald 0. 
Waterfield, John R. 
Waterman, Mrs. Alex H. 
Waterman, French 
Watling, John 
Watrons, David C. 
Watson, D. R. 
Watson, Harry P. 
Watson, Norman E. 
Watts, Amos H. 
Watts, G. W. 
Watts, James A. 
Watts, Dr. Walter F. 
Waud, Morrison 
Weatherby, George W. 
Weathers, Everett A. 
Weaver, Sheldon A. 
Webb, Dr. A. C. 
Webb, Dr. J. Lewis 
Webber, Mrs. Harriet P. 
Weber, James E. 
Weber, Miss Laura M. 
Weber, Paul W. 
Webster, Dr. Augusta 
Webster, N. C. 
Webster, Wesley G. 
Wedereit, Gene 
Weeks, Harrison S. 
Weick, George T. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weigel, George K. 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weil, David Maxwell 
Weiner, Aaron B. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinress, Morton 
Weinstein, Harold 
Weintroub, Benjamin 
Weisbrod, Mrs. 

H. Johnstone 
Weisdorf, Dr. William 
Weiser, Donald K. 
Weisman, Mrs. Nat 
Weiss, Dr. Arthur M. 
Weiss, Dr. Leon H. 
Weiss, Dr. Marvin A. 
Weiss, Louis J. 
Weiss, Norman L. 
Weissman, Dr. Irving 
Weldon, Richard H. 
Welfeld, Marvin J. 
Wells, Sidney 
Welsh, Vernon M. 
Wendt, Mrs. M. R. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Wenner, Mrs. David, Jr. 
Wenninger, William C. 
Werelius, Dr. Carl Y. 
Werner, Mrs. A. J. 
Werner, Dr. Howard L. 
Wernstrom, Dr. Gurli 
Werrenrath, Reinald, Jr. 
Wessling, Richard 
West, Arthur 
West, James D. 
West, Lawrence J. 
West, Richard H. 
Westbrook, Charles H. 
Westerhold, Mrs. 

Lenora C. 
Westfall, Dr. Robert E. 
Wetherell, Warren 
Weyforth, B. Stuart, Jr. 
Whall, Arthur L. 
Wharton, Mrs. 

Joseph P., Jr. 
Wheary, Warren 
Wheaton, David 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Wheeler, W. L. 
White, Gordon 
White, John G. 
White, Marshall 
White, Miss Naomi 
White, Dr. Michael S. 
White, Dr. Philip C. 
White, Philip M. 
White, Dr. Ralph P. 
White, Richard H. 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whiteway, Mrs. R. E. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitsell, Dr. F. M. 
Whittaker, Robert B. 
Wible, R. R. 
Wickersham, Mrs. Lucille 
Wiggins, Kenneth M. 
Wilby, A. C. 
Wilder, E. P., Jr. 
Wiles, Bradford 
Wilhelm, Eugene A. 
Wilhelm, Mrs. Frank E. 
Wilkes, Mrs. R. M. 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Williams, Albert D. 
Williams, Bennett 
Williams, Miss Diane 
Williams, Mrs. 

Ednyfed H. 
Williams, Dr. Jasper F. 
Williams, Lynn A. 
Williams, Dr. O. B. 
Williams, Dr. PhiHp C. 
Williams, Ralph E. 
Williams, R. Arthur 
Williams, Robert J. 

Williamson, Harold A. 
Willis, George H. 
Willis, Ivan L. 
Willy, Dr. Ralph G. 
Wilsey, Dr. H. Lawrence 
Wilson, Allen 

Christopher W., Jr. 
Wilson, Dr. Earle E. 
Wilson, E. W. 
Wilson, Harold E. 
V/ilson, Mrs. John H. 
Wilson, Joseph J. 
Wilson, Robert M. 
Wilson, Mrs. Roger V. 
Wilson, Miss S. Edna 
Windchy, Mrs. 

Frederick O. 
Winkenweder, V. O. 
Winkler, Edward 
Winograd, Dr. Alvin M. 
Winston, Farwell 
Winter, Mrs. Gibson 
Winter, Ted 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Wise, John P. 
Wise, Richard H. 
Wise, Dr. Sidney S. 
Wiseman, William P. 
Wlshingrad, Dr. Lester 
Wiss, Dr. Edward J. 
Withall, H. H. 
Withall, Mrs. William E. 
Witherell, James 
Witte, Lester 
Witty, Dr. Drake R. A. 
Wlocholl, Arthur 
Wojnarowsky, Dr. 

Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolf, C. W. 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wolf, Orrin E. 
Wolf, Albert M. 
Wolfe, Edward 
Wolfe, Hubert J. 
Wolfson, Marvin J. 
Wolfson, Max J. 
Wolfson, Rudolph A. 
Wood, A. E. 
Wood, Alexander M. 
Wood, Arthur M. 
Wood, C. A. 
Wood, Harold F. 
Wood, Kenward T. 
Wood, Philip J. 
Wood, Reverend 

Walter S. 
Wood, William A. 
Wood, Mrs. William J. 

Woodall, Lloyd 
Woods, Dr. A. W. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodward, Miss 

Mary H. 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Woolpy, Max 
Workman, S. L. 
Works, Nelson C, Jr. 
Worthington, La Grange 
Worthy, James C. 
Wray, Franklin C. 
Wray, Glenn 
Wreath, Robert L. 
Wren, Dr. Charles W. 
Wright, Benjamin D. 
Wright, John A. 
Wright, C. G. 
Wright, Dr. F. Howell 
Wright, Miss 

Margaret J. 
Wrightson, William F. 
Wujcik, Robert 
Wulf, Miss Lydia 
Wybel, L. E. 
Wydra, Henry 
Wyne, Walter 
Wynne, Mrs. Lloyd 

Xelowski, Dr. Thad 

Yacullo., Dr. William A. 
Yager, Richard Sidney 
Yavitz, Sidney M. 
Yellin, Morris 
Yeoman, George W. 
Yeretsky, Norman M. 
Yesnick, Dr. Louis 
Ylvsaker, L. 
Yntema, Dr. Leonard F. 
Yohe, C. Lloyd 
Young, C. S. 
Young, George B. 
Young, Rollin R. 
Young, William T., Jr. 
Youngquist, C. Harry 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zabor, Dr. Robert C. 
Zaczek, Miss 

Genevieve A. 
Zatz, Sidney R. 
Zehr, Ores E. 
Zeiss, Dr. Fred R. 
Zeitlin, Dr. N. S. 
Zeitlin, Samuel E. 
Zekman, Dr. Theodore N. 
Zelinsky, Mrs. g. F. 
Zeller, Charles B. 
Ziegler, Dr. George E. 


ANNUAL MEMBERS (continued) 

Zielinski, Dr. Victor J. 
Zigler, John D. 
Zimmerman, Austin M. 
Zimmerman, Dr. 

Harold W. 
Zimmerman, Herbert 

Zimmerman, Irving 
Zimmerman, Dr. Nathan 
Zimmerman, Otto H. 
Zimmermann, Frank 0. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zisook, Edmond N. 

Zitz, Martin 
Zitzewitz, Arthur F. 
Zoll, William F. 
Zolton, Dr. Joseph 
Zusser, Maurice M. 
Zylstra, Clifford H. 

Allyn, Arthur C. 
Atlass, H. Leslie 

Benaron, Mrs. 
Harry B. W. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Benjamin, Mrs. Bert R. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bowles, H. S. 
Breen, James W. 
Buckley, Homer J. 

Callan, T. J. 
Church, Freeman S. 
Cohen, Louis L. 

Deneen, Miss Florence 

Eisenstein, Harold L. 
Ewart, Cyril 


Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gibbs, George M. 

Hart, James A. 
Hedley, Arthur H. 
Henner, Dr. Robert 

Jarecki, Robert A. 
Johnson, Edward F. 

Kratsch, Charles 

Lindeman, John H. 

Mallegg, O. 0. 
Mentzer, John P. 

Overmeyer, Franklin R. 

Roche, John Pierre 

Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 

Stafford, Richard W. 
Stebler, W. J. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Strand, Clifford E. R. 
Streitmann, Albert P. 
Sullivan, Frank W. 

Thai, Hugo J. 
Thai, Mrs. Hugo J. 

Vanderbilt, Mrs. Grace C. 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 
Ethel R. 

Waters, Dr. Carl F. 
Wells, D. P. 
Wing, Wallace E. 
Woodward, George 



Articles of Incorporation 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting : 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in 
accordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

7n Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts amenda- 
tory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby state as 
follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dissemi- 
nation of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating 
Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 


Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, Thomas 
B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, James W. 
Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. Roche, E. B. 
McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, Joseph Stockton, 
Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. Chatfield-Taylor, A. 
Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. 
Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. 
Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, William E. Curtis, James W. 
Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington 
W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois 

Cook County 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and acknowl- 
edged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and voluntary 
act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. Mitchell, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may be 
provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 1920, 
in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 15th day of November, 1943, the name of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
certificate to this effect was filed November 23, 1943, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Amended By-Laws 




Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent serv- 
ice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from 
among scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render 
important service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees 
at any of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all 
courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 


become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Non-Resident Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who shall 
pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty days 
after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual date. 
This Sustaining Membership entitles the Member to free admission for the Mem- 
ber and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such other 
Aluseum documents or publications issued during the period of their membership 
as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining Member has paid the annual 
fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an Associate 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures and entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every museum of note 
in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office, during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

honorary trustees 
Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of change 


of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in such capac- 
ity shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority of those 
present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. Such 
Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-President 
shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The meeting 
for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January of each 
year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their succes- 
sors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpora- 
tion, except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants, signed by such officer, or officers, or other persons as the Board of 
Trustees may from time to time designate. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the Corpo- 
ration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of the Chicago 
Natural History Museum, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or 
to a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust and Savings Bank shall be custodian of "The 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension of the Chicago Natural History Museum" 
fund. The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants signed by such 
officer or officers or other persons as the Board of Trustees of the Museum may 
from time to time designate. 




Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 


the auditor 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of not less than five or more 
than seven members, the Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of 
three members, and the Building Committee shall consist of five members. All 
members of these four Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the 
Annual Meeting, and shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board 
shall designate the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the mem- 
bers are named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be 
Chairman, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second 
Vice-Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any. Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 


Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other funds of the Corporation, and the care of such real estate 
as may become its property. It shall have authority to make and alter investments 
from time to time, reporting its actions to the Board of Trustees. The Finance 
Committee is fully authorized to cause any funds or investments of the Corpora- 
tion to be made payable to bearer, and it is further authorized to cause real estate 
of the Corporation, its funds and investments, to be held or registered in the name 
of a nominee selected by it. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for Museum 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested to 
do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting the 
administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make recom- 
mendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine maintenance 
and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, the expendi- 
tures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all account- 
ing and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall cause 
the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert individual or 
firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm to the Board 
at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 


nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws, and likewise the Articles of Incorporation, may 
be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote in favor 
thereof of not less than two-thirds of all the members present, provided the 
amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting.