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DEC 6 1965 

nnual Report 1964 

licaao Natural Historv Museum 

COVER: Agate-filled nodules of vol- 
canic origin from Oregon, called 
"Thunder Eggs" by local Indians. 

1875 -1964 




Chicago Natural History 


Annual Report 

Museums are a relatively recent historical development. Librar- 
ies, schools, and universities have existed for centuries, available to 
at least some portions of the population; but it is only within the 
last 200 years — and most markedly the last 100 — that collections 
of art, antiquities, historical and natural history objects have moved 
from private collections to public museums. In much of the world 
the museums are public in the corporate sense and are governmental 
institutions — owned, operated, and financially supported by govern- 
ments. In the United States, a strong tradition of private operation 
of many of our museums has arisen. This is also true in respect to 
other types of eleemosynary institutions such as hospitals, univer- 
sities, and symphonies. The touchstone of the tradition is the con- 
tinuing willingness of Americans to give of their time, their wisdom, 
and their wealth in fulfillment of their stewardship. The simul- 
taneous existence in various fields of endeavor of public (governmen- 
tal) and private institutions, such as Chicago Natural History 
Museum, is one of the great dynamic forces in our cultural and 
educational heritage. 

Many lives have been dedicated in varying degrees to American 
museums, but of them all, the life of Stanley Field was unique. 
His death, on October 28, 1964, ended an association of more than 
58 years with the Museum, 56 years as the presiding officer of the 
Board of Trustees. In his memory, the Board of Trustees adopted 
the following resolution. . . 

Stanley Field 

"The Trustees of Chicago Natural History Museum record with 
deep regret and sorrow the loss they have sustained through the 
death of Stanley Field on October 28, 1964. 

"Mr. Field was born in Manchester, England, on May 13, 1875. 
After spending his early years in England, he came to Chicago in 

1893 to begin work at Marshall Field & Company, an association 
that continued until his death 71 years later. He served as First 
Vice President, Member of the Board of Directors, and, from 1939 
until 1964, Chairman of the Executive Committee. 

"In 1906, Mr. Field was elected to the Board of Trustees of 
Field Museum of Natural History, and shortly thereafter, in 1908, 
he was elected President. He headed the Museum for more than 
56 years, and built it from a small institution of limited stature to 
one of the great natural history museums of the world, through firm 
and wise guidance of policy, through dedicated effort, and through 
his generous gifts. Never in the history of American museums has 
there been a comparable career of personal dedication of time and 

"Chicago is indebted to Stanley Field for more than his building 
of the Museum. He was a guiding force in the building of the Shedd 
Aquarium and the Brookfield Zoo, and he served the Children's 
Memorial Hospital and Chicago Child Care Society for many year's 
His contributions ranged throughout the spectrum of Chicago's cul- 
tural and welfare institutions. 

"In addition to his association with Marshall Field & Company, 
he served on the Boards of Commonwealth Edison Company, Public 
Service Company of Northern Illinois, Continental Illinois National 
Bank and Trust Company, the Chicago Milwaukee and St. Paul 
Railroad, and Illinois Central Railroad. His wise counsel and stead- 
fast dedication to principle were anchors of Chicago's economic life 
during the depression of the 1930's. 

"The Board of Trustees' loss of Stanley Field's guidance and 
counsel is matched only by the personal and individual loss of his 
friendship. Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our 
sorrow at his death be entered in the permanent records of the Board 
of Trustees of the Museum; and be it further resolved that our deep 
sympathy and a copy of this resolution be conveyed to the members 
of his family," 

The close of Mr. Field's life of dedication resulted in a major 
turning point in the leadership of the Museum which was accentuated 
by the retirement of Dr. Clifford C. Gregg on June 1, 1964. Dr. 
Gregg had served on the Museum staff for 38 years, including 25 
years as Director and 23^ years as President. Throughout this time 
he had worked closely with Stanley Field in the building of the Mu- 


Director, 1937 - 1962 

Trustee, 1961- 

seum. The combined years of service of almost a century of these 
two men, and the Museum's progress during these years, bear tes- 
timony to the reahty of the transition. It is fortunate that Dr. 
Gregg's counsel will continue through his service as a Trustee, and 
as First Vice President to which office he was elected in January. 

Retiring President Gregg greets President James L. Palmer 

Mr. Field, in his usual thorough fashion and with his everpresent 
concern for the Museum's welfare, foresaw the need for continuity 
of Board leadership, and he urged the Board of Trustees to make 
provision for it in the face of inevitable changes, Thus it was that 
the Board of Trustees, at its January meeting, elected one of its 
members, Mr. James L. Palmer, to the Presidency, effective June 1, 
1964. Mr. Palmer, a Chicagoan distinguished both as a business 
man and as an academician, immediately began working with the 
Director and other Staff Members to develop an assessment of future 

requirements in the areas of building modernization, exhibit revision, 
research and educational programs, and personnel. 

It is clear that the needs of Chicago Natural History Museum 
in the decade to come are of major magnitude and that these needs 
must be met. The alternative is gradual atrophy. But it is equally 
clear that the stature of the Museum is great. As it moves ahead it 
builds from a position of strength in terms of personnel, of collections, 
and of structure. This is a memorial of high distinction to the life of 
Stanley Field. 

Aside from the sadness felt by all of those associated with the 
Museum at the loss of Mr. Field, the year was a rewarding one. 
The attendance of 1,511,495 was the highest since 1933-1934, when 
the Century of Progress, just to the south, produced extraordinarily 
high attendance. The school group attendance of 228,000 was the 
highest in our history. 

The construction of our long hoped for building addition was 
begun in June and was well along toward completion by the end of 
the year. This addition, funded by an $875,000 National Science 
Foundation grant, will result in major strengthening of our research 
and educational program. 

As we look toward the future needs of the Museum, which have 
been mentioned above and in Annual Reports of recent years, it is 
evident that much of the necessary financial support must come from 
our Members. It is encouraging to report, therefore, that member- 
ship rose again in 1964 and reached 9,442 at year end. 

To all of our Members we address this report of our past year's 
program with deep appreciation for their interest and financial 

Gifts to the Museum 

One of the major gifts in the history of the Museum was received 
through the bequest of Mr. Stanley Field. Mr. Field, whose generous 
gifts throughout his lifetime were of fundamental importance to the 
growth and strength of the Museum, made a typically munificent 
gift of $1,000,000 in his will. The work that he advanced so vigor- 
ously will thus be permanently strengthened through the use of 
this bequest. 

Other major gifts increased markedly during the year^ — a most 
encouraging trend in the light of our needs mentioned earlier. The 
Robert R. McCormick Charitable Trust made a grant of $200,000 
in support of our programs of research and education. Mr. Stanley 
Field added $40,093 to the Stanley Field Fund; Mr. and Mrs. William 
S. Street gave $21,132 toward a zoological expedition to Afghanistan; 
Mr. John M. Simpson presented a gift of $34,650; Mr. Henry P. 
Isham gave $7,372.50; and Mr. William H. Mitchell gave $5,000. 
Mr. Philip K. Wrigley added $5,000 to the Philip K. Wrigley Marine 
Biological Research Fund; Mrs. Florence Hurst Hunter made an 
unrestricted bequest of $10,000. The National Science Foundation 
granted $41,700 in support of 3 research programs, and the U. S. 
Army Medical Research and Development Command granted $6,555 
toward entomological research. Unrestricted gifts were received 
from Mrs. James C. Hutchins, $500; Mr. and Mrs. John Shedd Reed, 
$568; and Mr. Kenneth V. Zwiener, $1,000. 

Mrs. Carolyn A. Getz of Moline, Illinois, and her children, Mrs. 
Carolyn G. Bartholomew, John R. Getz, Thomas G. Getz, William 
A. Getz, Mrs. Cicely G. Kane, Mrs. Barbara G. Mannon, Mrs. 
Pamela G. Verehusen, and Mrs. Sara G. Winwood established a 
memorial fund of $3,000 in memory of their husband and father, 
Mr. Harry W. Getz. The income from the fund will be used to 
aid the publication of anthropological research. 

Additional gifts to existing endowment funds were received from 
Mr. Jack C. Staehle, $1,612.50; Miss Margaret B. Conover, $1,086.88, 
in memory of Boardman Conover; Mr. Edward Byron Smith, $1,000 
in memory of Solomon A. Smith; Dr. Maurice L. Richardson, $750; 
Estate of Abby K. Babcock, $616.91; Mrs. Cyril L. Ward, $400; 
Mrs. Walther Buchen, $300; Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, $150. Mr. 
Edward Alexander gave $500 in support of archaeological field work; 
Dr. and Mrs. Louis O. Williams gave $600 toward Central American 
Botanical exploration ; Roosevelt University contributed $725 in sup- 
port of a scientific publication. 

A large number of memorial gifts were received by the Museum 
after Mr. Field's death. The Searle Foundation gave $15,000 in 
his memory. Others who gave to the Stanley Field Memorial Fund 
were: Joseph B. Ames, Mr. and Mrs. John Bent, William McCormick 
Blair, Ralph E. Bowers, John M. Budd, Miss Susanmary Carpenter, 
Leland C. Carstens, Harry E. Changnon, Roy W. Clansky, Roy W. 
Clansky, Jr., Miss Margaret B. Conover, Albert B. Dick III, Mrs. 
James H. Douglas, Mrs. Opal M. Galster, Miss Marion G. Gordon, 


Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Marvin Henschel, Robert Hymann, Misses 
Ruth and Marion Hoffmann, Mrs. Paul M. Hunter, William V. 
Kahler, Mr. and Mrs. Donald K. Keith, Mrs. Stanley Keith, Mrs. 
Cotton Kelley, Mrs. J. Allison Martin, Hughston M. McBain, Wil- 
liam R. Odell, James L. Palmer, John T. Pirie, Jr., Karl Plath, 
George G. Rinder, Gilbert H. Scribner, Gerald A. Sivage, Solomon 
A. Smith Charitable Trust, Mr. and Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, 
William S. Street, Willson G. Todd, Mrs. Frederick G. Wacker, 
E. Leland Webber, Barrett Wendell, Mr. and Mrs. Jay N. Whipple 
Mrs. Stanley L. Yonce, Arthur Young & Co., Rainer Zangerl. 

Other gifts were received from: Robert S. Adler Family Fund, 
Mrs. M. A. Appell, Edward C. Austin, Bowen Blair, William McCor- 
mick Blair, Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Byron, Mrs. Frederick H. Carpenter, 
Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Ceperly, Dr. Thomas S. Chambers, Chicago 
Mill and Lumber Company, Peder A. Christensen, H. Carmen 
Crago II, Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord Donnelley, Thomas E. Donnel- 
ley II, Robert T. Drake, Walter Erman, Jack Ferguson, Miss Elsie 
Gadzinski, James R. Getz, Dr. Clifford C. Gregg, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. F. Griswold, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Maxwell Hahn, Mrs. Paul V. 
Harper, John F. Hayward, Mrs. Louise Helton, Misses Ruth and 
Marion Hoffmann, Harry Hoogstraal, Robert J. Kennedy, Comdr. 
John F. Kurfess, USN, Louis J. Lewis, Mrs. William B. Lloyd, Jr., 
Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Loh, E. B. Michaels, Mrs. Arthur T. Moulding, 
Dr. Robert F. Mueller, Mr. and Mrs. Frank P. Nellis, John Plain 
Foundation, John A. Quisenberry, Dr. Austin L. Rand, Victor B. 
Revsine, Melville N. and Mary F. Rothschild Foundation, Judd 
Sackheim, Henry J. Scavone, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Shipley, B. L. 
Smalley, Mr. and Mrs. Douglas B. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Hermon 
Dunlap Smith, Dr. and Mrs. Daniel Snydacker, Mrs. John V. Spach- 
ner. Dr. and Mrs. Roy E. Sturtevant, Walter F. Wallace, Jr., David 
G. Watrous, E. Leland Webber, Ira E. Westbrook, Mrs. C. J. Whipple, 
Mrs. Myrtle D. White, Miss Miriam Wood, Perry S. Woodbury, 
Armand Yarmategui, Arthur Young & Company. 

Gifts to the Memorial Fund were received in memory of Walther 
Buchen, Stanley Field, Commander Frank V. Gregg, Mrs. Marion 
Grey, George Langford, Karl P. Schmidt, Mrs. Minnie Smith, Solo- 
mon A. Smith, Dr. Reuben M. Strong, and Frank R. Williams. 

In recognition of its generous gifts, the Board of Trustees elected 
the Robert R. McCormick Charitable Trust a Benefactor of the 

Other donors, who were elected Contributors, were: Mrs. Walther 
Buchen, D. Dwight Davis, Mrs. Carolyn A. Getz, C. E. Gurley, 
Mrs. Florence Hurst Hunter (in memoriam). International Har- 
vester Company, Marshall Field & Company, The Searle Founda- 
tion, John M. Simpson, Edward Byron Smith, The Solomon A. 
Smith Charitable Trust, Dr. Walter Suter, Wenner-Gren Founda- 
tion for Anthropological Research, Kenneth V. Zwiener. A list of 
donors to the collections is shown on pages 57-58. 

Sincere thanks are extended to all those whose gifts were so im- 
portant to the Museum and its program. 

School Programs 

A museum, like a book, does not require a teacher for its use. 
Both museums and books, however, can achieve increased effective- 
ness when used with the aid and guidance of good teaching. Any 
normal year finds students from the elementary school to the doctoral 
level receiving formally organized instruction from the Museum 
staff. 1964 was no exception. The two departments working with 
elementary and secondary age students are the James Nelson and 
Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's 
Lectures and the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. More 
than 4,600 organized groups, most of them school groups, brought 
almost a quarter of a million students to use our exhibits. It is 
particularly gratifying that Chicago Public School visitation increased 
more than 40% in 1964. Offsetting our pleasure at the increasing 
school attendance, however, is the fact that the Raymond Founda- 
tion staff was able to provide educational services for only 25% of 
the students in the classes. An increase in our educational staff is 
clearly needed. 

A new program of summer science seminars for selected Chicago 
Public high school students was offered during the year. Chicago 
high schools nominated 173 students for seminars in anthropology, 
biology, or earth science. Exhibits formed the background for study. 
Visits to our massive study collections, study of specimens, films, 
slides, recordings, and a great deal of discussion all contributed to a 
highly successful series. 

A new program of training for Senior Girl Scouts earned them the 
designation of Museum Aides. The twelve Museum Aides thus 
trained gave guided tours to more than 1,000 Brownie Scouts on 
four Saturdays. A new tape recorded self-guiding lecture system 


called Acoustiguide was installed during the summer. Two tours of 
the exhibits in anthropology and biology were prepared by Raymond 
Foundation staff. 

Harris Extension delivered portable exhibits to more than 500 
schools and public service institutions every two weeks during the 
school year. Thus almost 500,000 school age children are served by 
this broad program, one of the most extensive in the nation. A 
staff of three preparators, the largest Harris Extension staff in many 
years, made accelerated progress in creation of new exhibits. 

Special Exhibits and Programs 

A temporary exhibit, "A Growing Museum is a Living Museum," 
was placed in Stanley Field Hall this year to explain the major func- 
tions performed and services rendered by the Museum. Because 
the present building progi'am benefits primarily the Department of 
Geology and the Library, the examples chosen pertain mainly to the 
types of basic research currently in progress in the Department of 
Geology, the significance of the collections and the role of the Library 
in fundamental research and in the training of graduate students. 
But the scope of the exhibit conveyed an idea of the total involve- 
ment of the Museum in the study of the universe in which we live, 
and the dissemination of this knowledge by exhibits and instruction 
at all levels of age and competence. 

"Vikings," a special exhibit held in April and May, incorporated 
specimens lent by the Oslo University Museum of National Antiq- 

Vikings Exhibit, replica of 11th century church portal at center 

uities, the Oslo Maritime Museum, and the Bergen University- 
Museum. The materials for the exhibition were brought from Nor- 
way to Chicago through the courtesy of Scandinavian Airlines Sys- 
tem. The materials, shown for the first time in North America, 
included Norse weapons, furnishings, and several replicas of Viking 
ships. At the formal ceremonies opening the exhibition a lecture 
on the Vikings and their travels in the ninth, tenth, and eleventh 
centuries was given jointly by archaeologists Anne Stine Ingstad 
and Arne-Emil Christensen of Oslo, Norway. 

The great success of the Ranger moon shot, and the extraordi- 
nary photographs taken by Ranger 7 just before impact on the moon 
were the basis of a special exhibit in Stanley Field Hall in September. 

"Weeds," a series of more than 40 water colors by Mary Virginia 
Roberts, depicted with great skill a number of these unloved but 
almost universal plants. The show was displayed appropriately in 
August and September. 

A number of exhibits and programs designed especially for school- 
age children were produced during the year. In May, the Children's 
Art Show exhibited the work of students at the Junior School of the 
Art Institute, showing the students' interpretations of a wide variety 
of Museum exhibits. The Chicago Area Science Fair, sponsored by 
the Chicago Area Teacher's Science Association, was held in the 
Museum in May. The Fair exhibits scientific experiments and proj- 
ects made by students of grades 6 through 12 in the Chicago area. 

During the same month, about six hundred persons participated 
in Chicago Latin Day at the Museum, sponsored by the Illinois 
Classical Conference for Latin Students of the Chicago Area. 

The Saturday afternoon lecture series held in Spring and fall 
included 17 programs with a total attendance of fifteen thousand 

An exhibit prepared for a Girl Scout Leaders Conference pre- 
sented information about the Museum exhibits and some of the ways 
Girl Scouts made use of them. 

Several special exhibits were the result of competitions. In Feb- 
ruary, the winning entries in the Chicago International Exhibition 
on Nature Photography were displayed. The competition was spon- 
sored by the Museum and the Chicago Nature Camera Club. June 
saw the opening of the 14th Annual Amateur Handcrafted Gem 
and Jewelry Competitive Exhibition, sponsored by the Chicago Lapi- 
dary Society and the Chicago Park District. 


Staff of the Museum 

The two most senior members of the curatorial staff, John R. 
Millar and Paul S. Martin, retired during the year. Mr. Millar 
was employed in 1918 and in the ensuing 46 years served as Pre- 
parator in the Division of Botany, Curator of the N. W. Harris Public 
School Extension, Deputy Director of the Museum, and Chief Cu- 
rator of the Department of Botany. His contributions to the Mu- 
seum, both in tenure and in breadth have been among the important 
ones in the Museum's history. Dr. Martin joined the Department 
of Anthropology in 1929 and was appointed Chief Curator in 1936. 
His field work in southwestern United States over a 25 year period 
has produced major contributions to American archaeology. It has 
also been a means of training many students in archaeological re- 
search—students who are now professional anthropologists in mu- 
seums and universities throughout the country. Both of these dis- 
tinguished members of the Staff will continue to be active in their 
"retirement." Freed of departmental administrative responsibili- 
ties. Dr. Martin will continue his research program, with an even 
stronger emphasis on work with students, and Mr. Millar is super- 
vising the exhibition program of the Department of Botany. 

Dr. Louis 0. Williams, Curator, Central American Botany, was 
elected Chief Curator of Botany upon Mr. Millar's retirement, and 
Dr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, was elected Chief Curator of Anthropology to replace 
Dr. Martin. 

Two curatorial appointments were made during 1964. Dr. 
Gabriel Edwin, formerly botanist at the National Arboretum, Wash- 
ington, D.C., was appointed Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants, and 
Dr. Fred M. Reinman, formerly Lecturer, Department of Anthro- 
pology, University of California at Los Angeles, was appointed Assis- 
tant Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology. Other division 
head appointments were Mr. Edward G. Nash, Editor, and Mr. 
Uno M. Lake, Manager of the Book Shop. 

Sergeant George A. Lamoreux was promoted to Acting Captain 
of the Guard and Mrs. Dorothy Gibson from Assistant in Botany 
to Custodian of the Herbarium. 

Dr. George B. Rabb, Associate Director, Research and Educa- 
tion of the Chicago Zoological Society, Brookfield, was elected Re- 
search Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles. 


The Museum suffered a severe loss in March with the death of 
Mrs. Marion G. Grey, Associate in the Division of Fishes. Mrs. 
Grey, an amateur icthyologist whose work was of professional quality 
had contributed greatly to the program of the Division of Fishes for 
more than 20 years. Dr. Reuben M. Strong, Research Associate, 
Anatomy, died in August at the age of 91, after a remarkable career 
of teaching and research in several diverse fields. Other Staff whose 
deaths are recorded with deep regret are Mrs. Helen A. MacMinn, 
retired Editor, Miscellaneous Publications, George Langford, retired 
Curator, Fossil Plants, and Vytautas Budrys and Bruno Bernatowicz 
formerly of the Division of Maintenance. 

The quality of an organization is determined in major measure 
by the caliber of its personnel and their dedication to their work. 
It is a pleasure to express appreciation to all of our personnel who 
so effectively give of their many and varied talents toward the build- 
ing of a better Museum. 

Volunteer Workers 

The Museum thanks its volunteer workers for their help during 
the year. Some of them, designated as Research Associates and 
Associates, are included in the List of Staff. Others are: Mrs. Alice 
Burke, Kenneth Davenport, Stanley J. Dvorak, Mrs. Joseph Girardi, 
Sol Gurewitz, John Lussenhop, Mrs, Nancy Mahlman, Leo Plas, 
Michael Prokop, Byram Reed, William Walker, and Bruce Weber. 


The Scientific Departments 





Mask for use in Ritual Festivals 

Bafut People, Cameroons, Early 20th Century. 


The Museum Field Station at Vernon, Arizona, was the scene 
again this year of the summer excavations which have been conducted 
by Dr. Paul S. Martin and his associates for more than a quarter- 
century in Colorado, New Mexico, and most recently in Eastern 
Arizona. The results of these digs, published in a dozen volumes of 
Fieldiana: Anthropology, have greatly clarified the prehistory of the 
American Southwest. In 1964, work was concentrated on the pre- 
agricultural cultures of one valley, with emphasis on climatic envi- 
ronment and the adaptation of cultures to this environment. Among 
the numerous sites and artifacts found was a circular house carbon- 
dated at 300 B.C., making it the earliest human dwelling found so far 
in this area, providing the first glimpse of the architecture of the pre- 
ceramic people of the southwest. A firepit almost a thousand years 
older was also discovered. Grants from National Science Founda- 
tion helped support this work. Painstaking sorting and analysis of 
the materials recovered in the summer take place at the Museum 
during the remaining months of the year. In connection with this, 
a program to develop electronic computer techniques using multi- 
variant analysis for archaeological research is being pioneered by 
the Museum and the University of Chicago, with the assistance of 
the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. The 
initial results, published in 1964, show great promise for this new tool. 

George I. Quimby conducted research on the archaeology of the 
Upper Great Lakes region. Study of private and museum collec- 
tions and field work in key areas on the shores of the Great Lakes 
provided much valuable data, particularly concerning the settlement 
patterns of the Late Woodland Period (A.D. 1000-1600). 

After three years of work, a major new exhibit, "China in the 
Ch'ing Dynasty," was opened in 1964. The exhibit, planned by 
Dr. Kenneth Starr and designed by Theodore Halkin, deals with 
life in North China, under the Ch'ing or Manchu emperors, 1644- 
1911, the final dynasty of imperial China. It is a remarkable display 
of the many facets of Chinese civilization and the great sophistication 
of that long-enduring culture. 


Advances in scientific knowledge are rarely the result of a flash 
of inspiration or a singular piece of good luck. Almost without 
exception, good scientific work requires long and careful planning. 
Thus, many departmental projects do not produce immediate results 
in terms of theories confirmed or works published. They are, how- 
ever, necessary and extremely valuable in the long run. One such 
project is the development of the Robert R. McCormick Conserva- 
tion Laboratory at the Museum. Mrs. Christine Danziger, Drs. 
Collier and Lewis, and others, have been engaged in choosing proper 
equipment, devising new techniques of conservation and planning 
the layout of the laboratory. Such different materials as bronze, 
wood, and various textiles will require quite different treatment for 
preservation. Some methods of preservation are well known, but 
many others must be developed by Museum staff members. The 
laboratory will be the first of its kind in the midwest. 

It has long been known that students of anthropology, and even 
scientists themselves are often unaware of the depth and extent of 
the anthropological collections in museums throughout the nation. 
As a result, valuable and important collections lie untouched and 
unworked for decades. One solution to this problem is being studied 
by a national committee of museum anthropologists of which Dr. 
Collier is a member. The establishment of a national inventory of 
collections, available to all students in the discipline, would be a 

Curator Kenneth Starr explains the use of Chinese handpuppetsto 
Boardman O'Connor of television station WTTW, during a program 
entitled "Dragon and Phoenix — Echoes of Old China" 

major step in the solution of this difficulty. Such an inventory, 
if proven feasible by a pilot project now in progress in Oklahoma, 
would, of course, take a number of years to complete, but it would 
result in a vastly increased utilization of existing collections, and 
a great improvement in the quality and thoroughness of anthropo- 
logical research. 

Shell ornaments from Southern Illinois, 
Late Middle Mississippi Period, c. A.D. 1300 


"Shaggy Manes", a photo by Grant Haist of Rochester, New York, 
winner of a First Place Silver Medal in the 19th Chicago Internati- 
onal Exhibition of Nature Photography 


Field work in Central America, directed by Dr. Louis 0. Williams, 
Chief Curator, continued throughout the year, with the support of 
National Science Foundation grants. Field Associate Ing. Alfonso 
Jimenez M., Curator of the National Herbarium of San Jose, Costa 
Rica, collected in that country, and Ing. Agi'. Antonio Molina R., 
Professor and Curator of the Herbarium of the Escuela Agricola 
Panamericana, Tegucigalpa, Honduras, collected mostly in Nicar- 
agua, El Salvador, and Honduras. Some 18,000 specimens were 
added to the Museum herbarium as a result of this field work. Pro- 
fessor Molina came to Chicago in October and, aided by the vast 
amount of reference and comparative materials in the Museum, 
devoted a number of weeks to the identification of these specimens. 

Mr. Paul Hutchinson, leader of the Eighth Andean Expedition 
of the University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley, returned 
to the Garden after nearly a year of active collecting in Peru. The 
Museum, as one of the principal sponsors of the expedition, will 
receive a share of the collection. 

Dr. Rogers McVaugh, Curator of Vascular Plants, University 
of Michigan Herbarium and Research Associate on the staff of the 
Museum, continued preparation of an annotated catalogue of the 
Sess6 and Mocino collection of Mexican plants. The collection itself 
was returned in mid-year to the herbarium of the Instituto Botanico 
A. J. Cavanilles, Madrid, Spain, which had sent it to this country 
for study. 

Dr. Sidney F. Glassman, Professor of Biology, University of Illi- 
nois, and Museum Research Associate, in the course of his study of 
the palm genus Syagrus, described and named two new species 
from Nicaragua which were published in Fieldiana. 

Dr. In-Cho Chung, Assistant Curator of Vascular Plants, com- 
pleted a revision of the genus Barnadesia in the Compositae, and 
identified specimens in the Acosta-Solis collection of Ecuadorean 
plants. Additional papers on new species of South American plants 
in the Compositae and Mistletoe families were completed. 

Dr. Ponce de Leon, Assistant Curator of the Cryptogamic Her- 
barium, initiated a study of Geastrum, a genus of puff-balls known as 


"earth stars" whose relationships within itself and to other genera 
in its group are poorly known at present. 

Dr. Gabriel Edwin joined the staff at the end of February as 
Assistant Curator of Vascular Plants, He began a study of the 
Scrophulariaceae of Peru to be published when completed as one of 
the two or three important groups of plants yet to be treated in the 
definitive Flora of Peru published by the Museum. 

Dr. Edwin completed reports on studies begun before joining the 
staff. Manuscript was submitted on the genus Ilex for the "Flora 
of Santa Catarina" being published by the Herbario Barbosa Rod- 
rigues, Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brazil, and on the same genus for the 
work "Botany of the Guyana Highlands" to be published in Memoirs 
of the New York Botanical Garden. 

Dr. Williams completed work on the Ericaceae of Guatemala, 
and related families, for publication in the Museum's Flora of Guate- 

The collections were augmented in 1964 by 86 accessions totaling 
30,000 herbarium specimens. Principal among the gifts were almost 
1200 plants of the Midwest and New Mexico presented by Mr. 
Holly Reed Bennet of Chicago, and 1,000 identified cryptogams 
(non-flowering plants) by the Reverend Dr. Hillary Jurica of St. 
Procopius College, Lisle, Illinois. One notable exchange was a col- 
lection of 650 woody plants from Peru received for identification from 
the U. S. Forest Service Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin. The 
specimens included new species but their distinction lies in the fact 
that they came from trees previously selected and numbered in the 
forest and visited at intervals so that a complete series of collections 
could be obtained from the same tree to include both flowers and 
fruit as well as wood samples. 

Development of the new Hall of Useful Plants (Hall 28) was 
advanced by the installation of four cases on vegetables, two on 
legumes and one on edible nuts. More than a dozen models were 
made for these and future exhibits including models of mung bean 
sprouts, commonly used in Chinese dishes, and two fruits of Asiatic 
origin that have recently become available in the Chicago market — 
carambolas and Chinese gooseberries. About a dozen other plants 
such as kale and broccoli were represented by realistic paintings. 
A life-like bust of a betel-nut chewer was completed for addition to 
an exhibit on "pacifier plants". A temporary exhibit on the green 
alga Chlorella was placed on display in Hall 25, together with one 
on slime molds made previously. 



Construction of new offices and working space in the Geology- 
department began in June, 1964. The unusual bustle of workmen 
and engineers brought rapid results and the new facilities will be 
opened formally in 1965. The occasional inconvenience was more 
than offset by the prospect of bright well-designed new working 
areas for the Department, as well as space for geological collections. 

Care of collections was a major concern in the Department of 
Geology during 1964 because of the impending move of nearly all 
parts of the geology collection to new quarters and the transfer of 
the very large Walker Museum invertebrate collection from the 
University of Chicago to the Museum. This entire collection had 
to be transferred to our standard cardboard trays and wooden drawers, 
a task accomplished by Matthew Nitecki of the Walker Museum, 
assisted by University of Chicago students. Another large portion 
of the Walker collection, never unpacked since it was acquired by 
the University, had to be unpacked and roughly sorted at the Mu- 
seum. This was more than a year's work on the part of Dr. E. S. 
Richardson and student help. 

Because of the large size of all the collections in the department 
to be transferred to the new facility, an exact labeling of every 
wooden drawer with the old and new case locations, and the precise 
slot in each of the cases was required. This was necessary because 
space for expansion had to be provided all through the new arrange- 
ment, in order to avoid much further reshuffling of the collections 
in the new facility. In the case of the Walker collection, however, 
a great deal of additional sorting (not to mention the cataloguing of 
much of the collection) is needed. 

Dr. Edward Olsen, Curator of Mineralogy, made two major 
field trips, one in June to the basal section of the Duluth Gabbro 
Complex, and in September to the Stillwater Complex near Nye, 
Montana and the Laramie Range in Wyoming. The purpose was 
to collect basic rocks in both of these localities. The Stillwater 
collection was especially successful. 


Dr. Bertram G. Woodland, Curator of Igneous and Metamorphic 
Petrology, continued his laboratory study of the micro-structures 
and mineralogy of metamorphic rocks from the Royalton area, Ver- 
mont. During the summer Woodland spent four weeks in the Central 
Black Hills region of South Dakota, where he studied structures in 
Pre-Cambrian metasediments. He is attempting to determine the 
structural fabric and deformational history and evolution of the 
rocks in that area. 

Dr. John Clark, Curator of Sedimentary Petrology, concentrated 
on his monographic study of the paleoclimatological significance of 
Oligocene sedimentation in the Bad Lands of South Dakota. Two 
field trips to the Big Badlands furnished a wealth of petrogi'aphic 
and associated fossil specimens, no doubt the largest collection of 
this type now in existence. The last 10 days of the second trip were 
spent in consultation with Dr. Denison concerning fossiliferous Or- 
dovician rocks of the Black Hills and the Big Horn Mountains. 

Drs. Woodland, Richardson, and Zangerl conducted a 10 day 
paleontological field trip to Northern Arkansas at the invitation of 
Dr. James Quinn, Chairman of the Department of Geology, Univer- 
sity of Arkansas. The purpose was to get a first hand acquaintance 
with very interesting depositional features in the Fayetteville black 
shale. Dr. Quinn and several of his students donated to the Museum 
a notable collection of the Mississippian cephalopod Rayonnoceras 
and other study material which form an important supplement to 
the specimens collected by the Museum party. As a whole, this 
collection contains a wealth of important biostratonomic evidence, 
revealing something of the mode of life and death as well as the burial 
environment of that spectacular invertebrate. 

Dr. E. S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates was 
occupied with the Pennsylvanian (coal age) fauna found in the spoil 
heaps of the Peabody Coal Company's strip mines. In the course of 
a dozen field trips to the coal mines in Grundy, Will, and Kankakee 
counties he added to the Museum's collection about twenty species 
of crustaceans, clams, and soft-bodied invertebrates hitherto un- 
known to science. In revealing the existence and the character of 
such paleontologically ephemeral animals as worms and jellyfish, 
this deposit rivals the famous Burgess shale of British Columbia. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, has continued 
to give much attention to the early Devonian Fishes from the Big 
Horn Mountains of Wyoming. Most of our extensive and important 


Curator Eugene Richardson sorting a part of 
the enormous Walker Collection of fossils. 


collection, acquired over several summers, has now been prepared by 
Chief Preparator Orville L. Gilpin, and awaits study and description. 

William D. Turnbull, Associate Curator of Fossil Mammals, and 
Dr. Ernest L. LundeHus, Jr., of the University of Texas, collaborated 
in a year-long expedition to Australia in search of Tertiary mammals. 
This work was an attempt to reduce the largest single gap remaining 
in our knowledge of mammalian history : the history of the great and 
diverse order Marsupialia. Australia is now, and was during the 
Pleistocene, the land of the marsupials and, in all probability, Aus- 
tralia during the Tertiary was the heartland of marsupial evolution. 

They were fortunate enough to find a small datable fauna in the 
Western District of the state of Victoria. Already, at least six 
(probably more) species have been recognized, and most of the 
materials are yet to be sorted. The most fortunate aspect about the 
fauna, however, is the fact that associated with it is a basalt flow, 
which can be demonstrated to have been an event contemporaneous 
with the fauna. Turnbull and Lundelius obtained the assistance 
of Dr. Ian MacDougal of the Australian National University who 
ran a Potassium-Argon date on the basalt. This turned out to be 
4.35 million years, and constitutes the first absolute time dating 
for a tertiary mammal fauna in Australia. Further, the date is 
compatable with the age assignment made strictly on stratigraphic 
grounds, and thus corroborates it. A grant from the National Science 
Foundation supported the field work in Australia. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Chief Curator of the department, studied 
a very interesting small shark from the Mecca and Logan Quarries, 
and nearly completed a manuscript on this. It will be the first in 
a long series of studies concerned with the Mecca fauna. 



Seventeen-year cicadas in Kansas and Oklahoma, the birds of 
southern Africa, the amphibians and reptiles of Borneo, disease- 
carrying arthropods and insects in Egypt and Panama and the fishes 
of the Indian Ocean — these and many other living things, in almost 
every corner of the world, occupied staff zoologists and research 
associates in the past year. At the Museum, as well as in the field, 
scientists continued their studies, prepared for new expeditions and 
published the results of their labors. 

1964 saw the publication of The Giant Panda, A Morphological 
Study of Evolutionary Mechanisms, by D. D wight Davis, Curator of 
Vertebrate Anatomy. This monumental work, published by the 
Museum Press after more than 25 years of work by the author, 
developed from the study of Su Lin and other pandas well remem- 
bered by Chicagoans from their residence at Brookfield Zoo. The 
book analyzes the structural differences between the panda and 
its ancestors, the bears, and discusses the way in which these dif- 
ferences arose. Only man and a few domestic animals have been 
more thoroughly studied from an anatomical point of view. 

Field Associates William S. Street and Mrs. Street began prep- 
arations for an expedition to Afghanistan in 1965, similar to their 
1962 expedition to Iran. Accompanied by Expedition Fellows Jerry 
Hassinger and Hans Neuhauser, they plan to spend at least six 
months in the field. Their base will be Kabul. 

Joseph C. Moore, Curator of Mammals, returned in March from 
a round the world study trip begun in 1963. He visited 27 museums 
and examined 178 specimens of the Beaked Whale, genus Meso- 
plodon, which is his chief research interest at the present time. Re- 
search Curator Phillip Hershkovitz concentrated his work on the 
marmosets of South and Central America. 

For a forthcoming revision of "Peters' Check List of The Birds 
of The World," Emmet R. Blake, Curator, Birds, completed the 
section on the American family Vireonidae, while Associate Curator 
Melvin A. Traylor completed the section on the waxbill family, 


Su Lin, source of much of the scientific data in D. Dwight Davis 
1964 publication, "The Giant Panda" 


Estrildidae. Blake, in cooperation with Miss D, Snyder of Salem 
Peabody Museum, is preparing a "field guide"for the Birds of Brit- 
ish Guiana. 

Loren Woods, Curator of Fishes, spent the first half of the year 
participating in the International Indian Ocean Expedition, spon- 
sored by National Science Foundation and UNESCO. Some 500 
scientists from several dozen institutions pooled their talents and 
efforts in this study of the Indian Ocean and its fauna. Woods spent 
some months at a Marine Laboratory in southern India, and then 
joined the Stanford University research schooner Te Vega, collecting 
on the reefs of Ceylon, in the Maldive Archipelago and around the 
island of Mauritius. 

The extremely rich frog fauna of Borneo, being studied by Robert 
F. Inger, Curator of Reptiles and Amphibians, has produced several 
valuable insights concerning the factors involved in animal distri- 
bution. For instance, two species of frogs which live in the same 
place and have the same habits provide an interesting exception to 
Cause's law, which holds that one species alone must inevitably 
triumph in a given niche. The Museum field station in Borneo was 
maintained during the year by William Hosmer of Melbourne and 
University of Chicago graduate student James Bacon. Associate 
Curator Hymen Marx and Research Associate George B. Rabb 
completed a review of the limits and phylogeny of the viper family, 

Curator Rupert L. Wenzel, Division of Insects, revised the family 
Streblidae, the batflies, in connection with his work on Central 
American insects. He described a new sub-family, five new genera 
and 55 new species. Henry S. Dybas, Associate Curator, spent sev- 
eral weeks in Kansas and Oklahoma observing the emergence of a 
17-year cicada brood. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates, Curator Emeritus Fritz 
Haas completed the s3niopsis of the fresh water unionid clams, a 
project begun in 1961 . Publication of this enormous work is expected 
to begin in 1965. Curator Alan Solem, whose recent work has been 
concentrated on the classification and revision of various land snails, 
completed the preliminary revision of the land snail family Heli- 

The installation of a case exhibiting "Cranes and their Allies" 
in 1964 completed the exhibit "Birds of The World," presenting the 
great range in size, structure, and color of the whole class Aves, the 
birds. Since there are 10,000 known species of birds, the exhibit is 


of necessity selective. It is arranged in groups of families and orders 
and presents a natural classification from the primitive birds to the 
advanced, from ostriches to sparrows. 

More than 50,000 specimens were added to the zoological col- 
lections in 1964. Many of these were gifts from interested friends 
of the Museum, and many were the result of Museum expeditions. 
They ranged from the most common to the rarest of animals, from 
single specimens to large collections. An extremely rare deep sea 
snail, Perotrochus adansonianus, from the deep waters off the West 
Indies, was presented by Professor H. A. Lowenstam of the Univer- 
sity of California. A specimen of a small insectivorous bat, Mystacina 
tuberculata, one of the two native land mammals of New Zealand, 
is the first representative of its genus and family in our collections. 
1686 reptiles and amphibians were added to the Museum collection 
from field work in Borneo. 


A Confrontation of Primates. 


The Museum Expands 

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Completion in 1965 

Library of the Museum 

Construction which would almost double the capacity of the 
library neared completion at the end of 1964. This expansion, 
coupled with the improvements in lighting and the addition of air- 
conditioning in much of the Library will greatly increase its ability 
to serve staff and public. Further, air-conditioning will reduce 
the deterioration of books — a serious concern in Chicago, if books 
are shelved under conditions of uncontrolled humidity and tempera- 
ture. Much of the year's work centered on the plans for utilizing 
the new space and preparations for moving many thousands of 
volumes into new stacks. 

Throughout the year, however, the main effort of the Library 
continued to be service to the Museum scientist and the many 
students and visitors who have found it to be one of the great natural 
history libraries of the world. Keeping abreast of new contributions 
to the natural sciences is, in itself, an enormous job. Publication 
in the biological sciences has increased by almost 50% in the past 
five years; in the four disciplines which directly concern the Library 
of the Museum, the increase has been comparable. Working with 
the scientific staff, the Library must use great care in selecting from 
this flood of new literature the most valuable and useful works for a 
natural history museum. The Library now contains more than 
165,000 volumes. 7200 volumes were classified last year (including 
4,000 which were recatalogued and reclassified) ; 9,000 serial publi- 
cations were received. For all these, more than 27,000 cards were 
filed into the general, departmental and divisional card catalogues, 
including several thousand analytics for articles and monographs. 
The figure of 4,000 volumes reclassified represents accelerated pro- 
gress in the program of reclassification to the Library of Congress 
system. This program is being aided by the portion of the Natural 
Science Foundation construction grant devoted to Library expansion 
and modernization. 

Many important gifts were made to the library by interested 
donors. Significant among the gifts was a collection contributed by 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller. The John Crerar Library continued its fine 
cooperation by transferring on permanent loan additional serial pub- 
lications in the botanical and geological sciences. Exchange arrange- 
ments with governments, universities and other scientific research 
organizations increased by almost 4%. There are now more than 


1300 exchange arrangements between the Museum and organizations 
throughout the world. 

Public Information Services 

The Museum's programs of research and pubHc education are 
the prime responsibilities of the four scientific and two educational 
departments and the library. In the pursuit of these two main 
purposes a number of collateral, but important, areas of public 
service have developed through the years. 

The Division of Public Relations activities range from publicizing 
our exhibits to prospective visitors, to the production of the Bulletin, 
and arrangements for press and other media coverage of our basic 
research projects. Each sphere of public relations effort contributes 
to a better public understanding of the Museum and of science. 
It is of particular interest that three Bulletin articles reporting Staff 
research were either reprinted in their entirety or extensively used 
as stories in local newspapers, then given national coverage through 
news services. 

The Divisions of Photography, Motion Pictures, and Illustra- 
tion are devoted to the production of graphic materials for research 
purposes, for exhibition, and for distribution to the public. During 
1964 photographs of our specimens and exhibits produced by the 
Division of Photography appeared in such diverse media as daily 
newspapers, textbooks, scientific monogi'aphs, educational filmstrips 
and slides, advertisements for commerce and industry, and trade 
exhibits and films. The Museum film, "Through These Doors," 
was shown to more than 20,000 persons in the United States by 
schools and other organizations to which it was lent without charge. 
Two prints of the film which were supplied to the United States 
Information Service for overseas screening were shown to an un- 
known number of individuals. Other films in the film library were 
used extensively in the Raymond Foundation's educational pro- 
grams. The Division of Illustration spent the major part of the year 
on illustration for research purposes, but still contributed to three 
exhibits and assumed major responsibility for the installation of one 
of them. 

The output of the Museum Press is integral to the research 
function of the Museum, for unpublished research is of little use to 
the scientific community. The largest part of the production time 
of the Division of Printing, therefore, is devoted to publication of 


scientific papers and monographs. The output of the Press goes 
well beyond research reports, however, and includes Staff writing 
for all age and educational levels. When the distribution of the 
Museum Bulletin, guidebooks and other adult popular publications, 
and Museum Storybooks is added to the distribution of scientific 
works, a substantial annual figure of more than 250,000 copies 

Many of our visitors wish to follow up their tour of the Museum 
with additional reading. The Book Shop's stock of more than 1,000 
different general books and textbooks is probably the most extensive 
selection of titles on natural history and anthropology in Chicago. 
A wide variety of natural history specimens, foreign handicrafts and 
other novelties also enables the visitor to take along an inexpensive 
memento. Sales of more than $197,000, the highest yet recorded, 
attest to the popularity of The Book Shop as one of the important 
elements of our information service. 

Cooperation With Other Institutions 

Maintaining the flow of ideas and information from scientist to 
scientist and from teacher to student is an essential function of the 
scientific community. It provides the material for advancement of 
knowledge, and the means of its preservation. Chicago Natural 
History Museum has close relations with many museums, univer- 
sities, and research institutions throughout the world. Specimens, 
books and other materials are borrowed, lent, and exchanged. Facil- 
ities are provided for visiting scientists and students. Often, close 
working relationships spring up between scientists at widely separ- 
ated institutions. 

A number of Museum staff members teach regular courses at 
the University of Chicago and other universities as well as supervise 
graduate work, give lectures and seminars and serve on academic 
committees. Among those who taught courses in the past year were 
Dr. Donald Collier, on Peruvian Archaeology, Mr. George I. Quimby, 
on Historic Period Archaeology, Dr. Kenneth Starr on the Prehistory 
of Eastern Asia. Drs. Collier and Starr taught Muscology. A 
graduate course on Phylogeny and Zoogeography was given to fifteen 
students from the University of Chicago by Curators Dennison, 
Dybas, Inger, Rand, Solem and Wenzel. Henry S. Dybas taught 
a course on Entomology at Northwestern University. For the first 


three months of the year, D. D wight Davis served as Acting Head 
of the Department of Zoology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. 

Other staff members served on particular programs and institutes. 
John Clark was Visiting Scientist on the National Science Founda- 
tion — American Geological Institute Program at Earlham College, 
Richmond, Indiana, and Bowling Green University, Bowling Green, 
Ohio. Harry Changnon conducted seven geology field trips, to such 
places as the Wisconsin Dells and other parts of the Chicago area, 
as part of a sequence of physical science lectures and field trips for 
local science teachers and students sponsored by the National Science 

Cooperative research projects pooling facilities, information, and 
brains, are an invaluable aid to scientific research. The Museum 
was engaged in a number of these in the past year, of which the 
following are a few examples. The Department of Zoology has 
been working closely with the National Institutes of Health, Middle 
American Research Unit based in the Panama Canal zone, with the 
U. S. Army, and with U. S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 
Cairo, Egypt, in studies to identify various mammals and birds as 
hosts of disease-carrying arthropods as well as the parasites them- 
selves. The identification of the rodent carrier of Bolivian hemor- 
rhagic fever by Research Curator Phillip Hershkovitz greatly aided 
the U. S. Public Health Service in its efforts to control this disease, 
which has a mortality rate as high as 19% among hospitalized cases. 
The Division of Fishes is acting in conjunction with the Smithsonian 
Institution Oceanographic Sorting Center, in the evaluation and 
distribution of materials collected in the International Indian Ocean 
Expedition. The Department of Anthropology and the Institute 
for Computer Research of the University of Chicago are developing 
data-processing methods for use in Archaeology. 

The Children's Orchestra, a newly established unit of the De- 
partment of Recreation, Chicago Park District, used the Museum's 
James Simpson Theatre for the establishment of an "all-city youth 
symphony orchestra." The Museum is pleased to have been able 
to lend assistance. Other gi^oups and organizations which used Mu- 
seum facilities for meetings during the year included the Illinois 
Audubon Society, Illinois Orchid Society, Kennicott Club, Chicago 
Nature Camera Club, Citizenship Council of the Board of Education, 
Children of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the 
Chicago ShelfClub. 


Activities of Staff Members in 

Scientific and Professional Societies 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator Emeritus, was elected Presi- 
dent-elect of the Society for American Archaeology at meetings in 
Chapel Hill, North CaroHna. Dr. Donald Collier, Chief Curator of 
Anthropology, was elected to the Executive Board of the American 
Anthropological Association. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Chief Curator of Geology, was elected Presi- 
dent of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology for the year 1964- 
1965. Dr. Edward Olsen, Curator, Mineralogy, was appointed a 
trustee of the Arizona State Meteorite Collection, purchased with 
Federal funds for the State of Arizona with the stipulation that an 
annual meeting of trustees govern its use. The meeting also serves 
as a discussion of meteorite collections in general. 

Austin L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology, as retiring President 
of the American Ornithologists' Union, becomes a permanent mem- 
ber of its governing board, the Council. Emmet R. Blake, Curator 
of Birds, has been elected an Honorary Member of the Asociacion 
Ornitologica del Plata (Buenos Aires) in recognition of his "valuable 
contributions to the knowledge of neotropical birds." Dr. Rand 
was elected a Corresponding member of the same society. Dr. Rob- 
ert Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles was elected Vice- 
President, and Loren Woods, Curator of Fishes, a member of the 
Board of Governors, of the American Society of Ichthyologists and 

Building Operations 

The principal activity of the year was the building addition to 
provide enlarged space for the Department of Geology, the Library, 
and the Division of Insects. This project, the first major construc- 
tion since the completion of the Museum building in 1921, was begun 
in June. By year end the basic construction was complete and re- 
modeling of surrounding areas had begun. The additional space 
created will add more than 15% to the research area of the Museum. 
A grant of $875,200 from the National Science Foundation, reported 
last year, provided funds for the construction. We extend deep 
appreciation to the National Science Foundation for this very signifi- 
cant contribution to our research potential. 


Another construction project completed in 1964 was the Robert 
R. McCormick Conservation Laboratory in the Department of An- 
thropology. The program of the laboratory has been discussed 
earlier in this report. 

The increase of more than 100,000 visitors in 1964 over 1963 
produced for our building operations forces welcome, but very real, 
burdens which were capably handled. A new contractor, Szabo 
Food Services, Inc., assumed responsibility for the management of 
the cafeteria and lunch room on June 1. Major alterations of our 
food service facilities are needed and we hope to be able to undertake 
these much needed improvements in the foreseeable future. 



View of new facility with its location shown on Museum floor plan. 




FOR THE YEARS 1964 AND 1963 

RECEIPTS 1964 1963 

Endowment income — 

From investments in securities $ 778,586 $ 735,842 

From investments in real estate 112,000 112,000 

$ 890,586 $ 847,842 

Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 361,267 $ 360,985 

Annual and sustaining memberships 35,086 33,610 

Admissions 48,529 47,413 

Sundry receipts 128,555 105,883 

Restricted funds transferred and expended 

through Operating Fund 448,511 213,041 

$1,912,534 $1,608,774 


Operating expenses — 

Departmental $ 749,876 $ 705,554 

General 625,539 628,055 

Building repairs and alterations 165,652 118,245 

$1,541,067 $1,451,854 

New geology and library facilities $ 223,193 

Collections — purchases and expedition costs 80,854 103,515 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 46,364 31,516 

Provision for mechanical plant depreciation 22,486 22,486 

$1,913,964 $1,609,371 

DEFICIT FOR YEAR $ 1,430 $ 597 







1964 1963 

Income from endowments $ 42,606 $ 38,386 

Expenditures 39,761 34,961 




From Specific Endowment Fund investments ... . $ 100,331 $ 96,087 

Contributions and grants for specific purposes ... . 485,612 130,229 

Operating Fund appropriation for mechanical 

plant depreciation 22,486 22,486 

Sundry receipts 63,115 63,656 

Gain on sale of restricted fund securities 2,732 1,456 

$ 674,276 $ 313,914 


Expended through Operating Fund $ 448,511 $ 213,041 

Added to Endowment Fund principal 63,000 73,000 

$ 511,511 $ 286,041 


The Trustees, 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

We have examined the accompanying comparative statement of receipts and 
expenditures — current funds of the Chicago Natural History Museum for the year 
ended December 31, 1964. Our examination was made in accordance with gen- 
erally accepted auditing standards, and accordingly included such tests of the 
accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we considered necessary 
in the circumstances. 

In our opinion, the statement mentioned above presents fairly the receipts 
and expenditures of the current funds of the Chicago Natural History Museum 
for the year ended December 31, 1964, in conformity with generally accepted 
accounting principles applied on a basis consistent with that of the preceding year. 

Arthur Young & Company 
January 16, 1965 



Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation Fund 

Cost of Museum Lecture Series $ 4,374.00 

Subsidy to Publication Program 1,996.42 

Frederick and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund 

Subsidy to Publication Program 2,555.11 

Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund 

Purchase of specimens 1,286.50 

Laboratory equipment and supplies 798.23 

Field trips 1043.78 

CoNOVER Game-Bird Fund 

Purchase of specimens 77.00 

Field equipment 246.80 

Expeditions and study trips 3,380.18 

Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund 
Fellowship grants to: 

Mrs. Lhadon N. Karsip 1,000.00 

Mrs. Georgette Katodka 900.00 

Douglas M. Lay 1,200.00 

Mrs. Priscilla Turnbull 875.00 

Group Insurance Fund* 

Group insurance cost 6,820.35 

Subsidy to Pension Fund 10,000.00 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund 

Preparation, care, and distribution of exhibits to 

Chicago schools 38,961.31 

Library Fund 

Purchase of books and periodicals 8,023.51 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and 
Children's Lecture Fund 
Subsidy to public school and children's lecture programs 42,525.05 

Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund 

Expeditions and field work 1,453.78 

Karl P. Schmidt Fund 

Study grant 275.00 

These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which 
they were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than 
$16,000,000 of unrestricted endowment funds was used in general Museum operation. 

* Established by Stanley Field 

t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones, 
Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald 


Contributions and Bequests 

The gifts of many individuals have built a great mu- 
seum. Contributions and bequests now and in the future 
will permit needed improvement of exhibits, expansion 
of the educational program, and increased support of 
scientific research. The following form is suggested to 
those who wish to provide for Chicago Natural History 
Museum in their wills: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Chicago Natural 
History Museum of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions to Chicago Natural History Museum 
are allowable as deductions in computing net income for 
federal income tax purposes. 



OFFICERS Stanley Field, Chairman of the Board* 

James L. Palmer, President 
Clifford C. Gregg, First Vice-President 
Joseph N. Field, Second Vice-President 
BowEN Blair, Third Vice-President 
Edward Byron Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 
E. Leland Webber, Secretary 

board of 


Lester Armour 
BowEN Blair 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Stanley Field* 
Clifford C. Gregg 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
William V. Kahler 

J. Roscoe Miller 
William H. Mitchell 
James L. Palmer 
John T, Pirie, Jr. 
John Shedd Reed 
John G. Searle 
John M. Simpson 
Edward Byron Smith 
Louis Ware 
J. Howard Wood 

* Deceased 



E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Director 


Donald Collier, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator Emeritus 

George I. Quimby, A.M., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Phillip H. Lewis, M.A., Curator, Primitive Art 

Fred M. Reinman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection 

Christopher C. Legge, M.A., Custodian of Collections 

RONNOG Seaberg, Assistant 

GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 

Theodore Halkin, B.F.A., M.S., Artist 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Susan Schanck, B.S., Artist-PreparatorH 

Stevens Seaberg, A.M., Artist-Preparator 

Christine S. Danziger, M.S., Conservator 

Agnes M. Fennell, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Philip J. C. Dark, Ph.D., Research Associate, African Ethnology 

Fred Eggan, Ph.D., Research Associate, Ethnology 

J. Eric Thompson, Dipl. Anth. Camb., Research Associate, Central American 

James R. Getz, B.A., Field Associate 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate 


Louis 0. Williams, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

John R. Millar, Chief Curator Emeritus 

In-Cho Chung, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Gabriel Edwin, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Patricio Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Dorothy Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium 

Robert G. Stolze, B.S., Herbarium Assistant 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

K on leave 



Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Walter L. Boyer, B.F.A., Artist 

Clare A. Rehling, Departmental Secretary 

Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Sidney F. Classman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Palms 
E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Ing. Agr. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate 


Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Curator, Mineralogy 

Bertram G. Woodland, Ph.D., Curator, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology 

John Clark, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Sedimentary Petrology 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Henry Horback, Assistant 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

William D. Turnbull, Associate Curator, Fossil Mammals 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Tibor Perenyi, Ph.D., Artist 

Winifred Reinders, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Ralph G. Johnson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleoecology 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, B.S., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Robert F. Mueller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

J. Marvin Weller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Stratigraphy 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 



Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Sc.D., Chief Curator 

Joseph Curtis Moore, Ph.D., Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Research Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Associate Curator, Birds 

M. DiANNE Maurer, A.B., Assistant, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Assistant Curator, Reptiles 

LOREN P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Ph.D., Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Lower Invertebrates 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

D. DwiGHT Davis, D.Sc, Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Mario Villa, Tanner 

Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Wanda O. Harrison, A.B., Departmental Secretary 

RuDYERD BouLTON, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Sc.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Bernard Greenberg, Ph.D., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Harry Hoogstraal, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

George B. Rabb, Ph.D., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles H. Seevers, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 



Harry G. Nelson, B.S., Associate, Insects 
Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 
DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 
Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 
Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 
William S. Street, Field Associate 
Janice K. Street, Field Associate 


Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 
David A. Ross, B.S.A., Preparator 
Ronald Lambert, Preparator 
Lido Lucchesi, Assistant Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 


Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief Edith Fleming, M.A. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. Maryl Andre, B.S. 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S. 

Elda B. Herbert, M.A., Secretary 


Meta p. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 

W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A., Associate Librarian 

Bertha W. Gibbs, B.A., B.S. in L.S., Reference and Inter-library 
loan Librarian 

Eugenia Jang, Serials Librarian 

Chih-wei Pan, M.S., Cataloguer 

George Stosius, M.E., In charge, Binding 

Esther P. Kerster, Secretary 



Edward G. Nash, A.B., Editor 
Sharon Poders, Assistant 


Paula R. Nelson 

Kathleen Wolff, A.B., Assistant 

Lois M. Buenger, B.A., in charge 


James I. Goodrick, Assistant to the Director 
Helen B. Christopher, Secretary to the President 
SusANMARY CARPENTER, B.A., Secretary to the Director 
Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 
Jessie Dudley, Receptionist 


Marion K. Hoffmann, Auditor 
Eleanor Sheffner, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 
William J. Wallace, Cashier^ 
Louise S. Hillmer, Bookkeeper 
Milton Beckwith, Cashier 


Uno M. Lake, A.B., Manager 


Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 

K on leave 



John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Assistant 
Ferdinand Huysmans, Dipl.A., Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

John W. Mover, in charge 

Harold M. Grutzmacher, in charge 


James R. Shouba, Building Superintendent 

Division of Maintenance 

GusTAV A. NOREN, Superintendent of Maintenance 

Division of Engineering 

Leonard Carrion, Chief Engineer 

Jacques L. Pulizzi, Assistant Chief Engineer 


George A. Lamoureux, Acting Captain 




Martin, Paul S., John B. Rinaldo, William A. Longacre, Leslie G. Free- 
man, Jr., James A. Brown, Richard H. Hevly, and M. E, Cooley. Appen- 
dices by Hugh C. Cutler and Stevens F, F. Seaberg 

Chapters in the Prehistory of Eastern Arizona, II. Fieldiana: Anthropology, 
vol. 55, 264 pp., 79 illus. 


Glassman, S. F. 

Two New Species of Palms from Nicaragua. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 1, 
8 pp., 2 illus. 

William, Louis O. 

Tropical American Plants, VI. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 2, 36 pp., 
7 illus. 


Denison, Robert H. 

The Cyathaspididae. A Family of Silurian and Devonian Jawless Vertebrates. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 13, no. 5, 167 pp., 72 illus. 

Woodland, Bertram G. 

The Nature and Origin of Cone-in-Cone Structure. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 13, 
no. 4, 121 pp., 65 illus. 


Davis, Dwight D. 

The Giant Panda. A Morphological Study of Evolutionary Mechanisms. Fieldi- 
ana: Zoology, Memoirs, vol. 3, 340 pp., 159 illus. 

Fleming, Robert L., and Melvin A. Traylor 

Further Notes on Nepal Birds. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 35, no. 9, 68 pp., 
4 illus. 

Inger, Robert F. 

Two New Species of Frogs from Borneo. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 44, no. 20, 
9 pp., 1 illus. 

Loomis, H. F. 

The Millipeds of Panama (Diplopoda). Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 47, no. 1, 
133 pp., 13 illus. 

Richards, O. W. 

New Species of Leptocera Olivier in the Burrows of the Pocket Gopher, Geomys 
Bursarius Illinoensis Komarek and Spencer, found in Illinois {Diptera: 
Sphaeroceridae) . Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 44, no. 19, 9 pp., 5 illus. 

Report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the Year 1963. 143 pp., 16 illus. 



Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin, vol. 35 (1964), 12 nos., 96 pp., illus. 

Articles and Reviews by Staff Members of Chicago Natural History 
Museum in Volume 35 of the Bulletin 

Blake, Emmet R. 

Birds of the World, no. 12, pp. 4-5, 4 illus. 
In Memoriam: Reuben M. Strong, no. 10, p. 8. 
Nests and Eggs, no. 4, p. 7, 2 illus. 

Clark, John 

Climates of the Past and Future, no. 3, pp. 6-7, 4 illus. 
Weathermen to the Past, no. 2, pp. 6-7, 2 illus. 

Davis, D. Dwight 

Report from Malaysia, no. 5, p. 6, 1 illus. 

Denison, Robert H. 

Armored Fishes of Devonian Seas, no. 3, pp. 2, 8, 2 illus. 

Edwin, Gabriel 

Some Uses of Holly, no. 12, p. 7, 4 illus. 

INGER, Robert F. 

Chicagoland's Reptiles and Amphibians, no. 7, p. 2, 3 illus. 

Moore, Joseph Curtis 

A Mysterious Encounter, no. 11, pp. 7-8, 1 illus., and cover picture. 

Nelson, Paula R. 

North American Man's Oldest Home?, no. 11, pp. 2-4, 3 illus. 

Olsen, Edward J. 

A World of Time, no. 7, pp. 3, 6, 7, 1 illus. 

QuiMBY, George I. 

The Griffin, no. 5, pp. 3-5, 1 illus. 

Rand, Austin L. 

Which End of the Egg Comes First?, no. 11, p. 4, 1 illus. 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

A Rare Fossil Jellyfish, no. 8, pp. 6-7, 1 illus. 
George Langford 1876-1 96 J^, no. 8, pp. 6, 8. 

Shouba, James R. 

Inner Space, no. 8, pp. 3, 8, 1 illus. 

SoLEM, Alan 

Giant Hunters of the Open Sea, no. 6, pp. 2-3, 2 illus., and cover picture. 

Starr, M. Kenneth 

Cat Dog Boy Girl, no. 9, pp. 3-5, 12 illus. 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

Water Birds, no. 8, p. 2, 1 illus., and cover picture. 

Williams, Louis O. 

Food for Central America, no. 10, pp. 2-3, 3 illus. 
Let's Go Uphill to Spring, no. 5, pp. 7-8, 1 illus. 


Woodland, Bertram G. 

Volcanoes; Earth's Fiery Activity, no. 1, pp. 5-8, 3 illus. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

The Ancient Fish Traps of Mecca, Part I, no. 2, pp. 2-3, 8, 2 illus. 
The Ancient Fish Traps of Mecca, Part II, no. 3, pp. 3-4, 8, 2 illus. 



Collier, Do.vald 

"Conference in Museum and Anthropology Research." Fellow Newsletter, 
American Anthropological Association, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 3 (also in Current 
Anthropology, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 206). 

Lewis, Phillip H. 

"A Sculptured Figure with a Modelled Skull from New Ireland." Man, vol. 64, 
article 176, pp. 133-136. 

QuiMBY, George I. 

"European Trade Objects as Chronological Indicators." The Minnesota His- 
torical Society, pp. 48-52. 

"The Stony Lake Mounds, Oceana County, Michigan." Michigan Archae- 
ologist, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11-16. 

"In Diving into the Past, Theories, Techniques, and Applications of Under- 
water Archaeology." Minnesota Historical Society, pp. 48-52. 

"The Gros Cap Cemetery Site in Mackinac County, Michigan." Michigan 
Archaeologist, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 50-57. 

Reinma.n', Fred M. 

"Maritime Adaptation on San Nicholas Island, California." U.C.L.A. Ar- 
chaeological Survey Annual Report 1 963-6 J^, pp. 51-77. 

Starr, Kenneth 

"A Critical Comment on the Prehistory and Early History of South China." 
Current Anthropology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 396-397. 


Williams, Louis O. 

"A Lectotype for the Genus Leucaena Benth." Taxon, vol. 13, p. 300. 
"Pines in Honduras." Economic Botany, vol. 18, pp. 57-59. 


Denison, Robert H. 

"The Early History of the Vertebrate Calcified Skeleton." Clinical Ortho- 
paedics and Related Research, no. 31, pp. 141-152, figs. 1-9. 

Olsen, Edward J. 

"Some Calculations Concerning the Effect of Nickel on the Stability of Cohe- 
nite in Meteorites." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 28, pp. 609-617. 


Woodland, Bertram G. 

"A Note on a New Type of Conical Structure in Shale." Jour. Sed. Petrology, 
vol. 34, pp. 680-683. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

Review of Problemes Actuels de Paleontologie (Evolution des Vertehres). Col- 
logues internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifigue, No. 104 
(edited by J. P. Lehman). Copeia, 1964 No. 4, pp. 731-732. 


Blake, Emmet R. 

"Addendas a la Avifauna Argentina." Boletin de la Academia Nacional de 

Ciencias, vol. 43, pp. 295-308. 
"Birds." New Frontiers in Science, pp. 36-38. 
"Oriole." New Dictionary of Birds, pp. 563-565. 

Haas, Fritz, and Alan Solem 

"Adelopoma costaricanum Bartsch & Morrison, 1932, Not an Inhabitant of 
the United States." Nautilus, Vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 68-69. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"Primates, Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy." Edinburgh University 
Press, vol. 15. 

Inger, Robert F., and Walter C. Brown 

"The Taxonomic Status of the Frog Cornufer dorsalis A. Dumeril. Copeia, 
vol. 2, pp. 450-451. 

SoLEM, Alan 

"A Collection of Non-Marine Mollusks from Sabah." Sabah Society Journal, 

vol. 2, nos. 1-2, pp. 1-40, 38 figs. 
"Foxidonta, a Solomon Island Trochomorphid Land Snail." The Veliger, 

vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 120-123, 5 figs. 
"Neotropical Land Snail Genera Labyrinthns and Isomeria: A Challenge to 

Scientist and Collector." American Malacological Union, Annual Reports 

for 196^, pp. 43-44. 
"New Hebridean Land Mollusks Collected by Felix Speiser from 1910-1912." 

Verhandlungzn Naturforschende Gesellschaft, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 161-186, 

2 figs. 
"New Records of New Caledonian Non-Marine Mollusks and an Analysis of 

the Introduced Mollusks." Pacific Science, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 130-137. 
"Shells and Their Keepers, a World Tour of Museums." American Mala- 
cological Union, Annual Reports for 196 If., p. 40. 


RoscoE, Ernest J. 

"Curse Not the Darkness — Youth and the Eclipse of Field Natural History." 

Turtox News, vol. 42, pp. 26-27. 
"Notes on the Bonneville Basin Quaternary Mollusca collected by Richard 

Ellsworth Call in the U. S. Geological Survey— U. S. National Museum 

Collections." Sterkiana No. 13, pp. 1-5. 
"Great Salt Lake — Where Has It Gone?" Utah Alumnus Magazine, vol. 40, 

no. 4, pp. 14-15. 
"Lakes." Earth Science Magazine, vol. 17, pp. 269-270. 


"The Paradox of Modern Science and the Well-rounded Student." Turtox 
News, vol. 42, pp. 294-295. 

Review of The Lying Stones of Dr. Johann Bartholomew Adam Beringer Be- 
ing His Lithographiae Wirceburgensis (by Melvin E. Jahn and Daniel J. 
Woolf). American Midland Naturalist, vol. 71, pp. 250-251. 

Review of Principles of Paleoecology (by Derek V. Ager). American Midland 
Naturalist, vol. 71, pp. 251-253. 

Review of The Fabric of Geology (edited by Claude C. Albritton, Jr.). Amer- 
ican Midland Naturalist, vol. 71, pp. 509-510. 

Review of Limnology in North America (edited by David G. Frey). Amer- 
ican Midland Naturalist, vol. 72, pp. 254-255. 

RoscoE, Ernest J., and Gordon Grosscup 

"Mollusca from East Tavaputs Plateau, Grand County, Utah." Nautilus, 
vol. 77, pp. 93-96. 

RoscoE, Ernest J., and Susan Redelings 

"The Ecology of the Fresh- Water Pearl Mussel Margaritifera margaritifera." 
Sterkiana, no. 16, pp. 19-32. 




Mr. and Mrs. Herbert 

Mrs. Victoria E. Buck 
John Baumgartner 
Mr. and Mrs. Abel E. 

Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 
D. Lee Guemple 
Mrs. Fred G. Gurley 
Mrs. David Haynes 
Mrs. Charles Heuer 
H. Hirsch 

Mrs. Georgette Kataoka 
George A. Laadt 
Col. Earl K. Learning 
Mrs. Charles T. G. Looney 
C. F. Merrill 
Mrs. C. Phillip Miller 
Samuel Miller 
Peter Moinichen 
Mrs. Philiminia Phillips 
Oriental Art Society 
Roderick S. Webster 
Dr. and Mrs. Louis O. 



Dr. Arthur S. Barclay 
Dr. Fred A. Barkeley 
H. R. Bennett 
University of California 
Prof. Zane B. Carothers 
Henry Dybas 
Dr. Gabriel Edwin 
Dr. George Eiten 
Dr. W. A. Eggler 
Rev. Dr. Hillary Jurica 
U. S. Forest Service 

A. H. Heller 
R. Krai 

Kendall Laughlin 
Dr. K. Lems 
University of Liverpool 
Dr. D. H. Van Der Sluijs 
Dr. J. A. Steyermark 
Stanford University 
R. G. Stolze 
Miss Barbara Spross 


John Alfirevic 
Roy Anderson 
The Australian Museum 
Lance Barr 

California Standard Co. 
Harry Changnon 
University of Chicago 
Cornell University 
D. Darrow 
Kenneth Davenport 
Thurlow G. Essington 
Albert Dewey 
Foothill High School 

Paleontology Club 
Mrs. Marie Fulta 
General Biological 

Supply House 
Gary Gillun 
Lawrence Goodman 
Oliver Hawk 
R. Holsman 
Prof. R. L. Langenheim, 

State University of Iowa 
Dr. Jackson 
Daniel E. Karig 
Mr. and Mrs. William D. 

Kenneth Kietzke 
Morris P. Kirk & Sons Inc. 
Erik Kjellesvig-Waering 
James Knoll 
Dr. R. L. Laury 
Roy Mapes 
Paul Moore 
John McArdle 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 

Harold F. Niles 
Victor Oakley 
O. A. Oaks 
Richard O'Brien 
Dr. Edward Olsen 
Wesley Olson 
Wilbur M. Olson 

D. A. Palmer 
Dr. R. A. Park 
Dr. James Quinn 
Byram Reed, Jr. 

E. J. Roscoe 
Elmer B. Rowley 
Bruce R. Erickson 
Bruce Saunders 
G. Schroeder 

Dr. Harold Wanless 
Loren Wood 
Dr. and Mrs. Bertam G. 


Dr. Alva Abundio 

Arctic Health 

Research Center 
James P. Bacon, Jr. 
Dr. Paul F. Basch 
F. Bonet 

Dr. Branley A. Branson 
John Q. Burch 
Carnegie Museum 
Stanley R. Carmey 
Chicago Zoological Society 
Stanley Cole 
Dr. Gordon R. Conway 
Dr. David Cook 
T. E. Crowley 
Donald Daleske 
Dr. D. Dwight Davis 
Stanley J. Dvorak 
Henry Dybas 
Wilmer E.Eigsti 
Dr. Alfred E. Emerson 
George W. Engelmann 
Lt. John J. Farbarik 
Dr. John H. Ferguson 
Dr. Henry Field 
Eskander Firouz 
Dr. Robert L. Fleming 
Florida State Museum 
Dr. Deane P. Furman 
Murray O. Glen 
Edward T. Haid 
Dr. Robert T. Hatt 
Peter J. Hocking 
Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 
Mrs. Faye B. Howard 
Game Council of Iran 
John G. Shedd Aquarium 
Kenneth Kietzke 
Dr. Glen M. Kohls 
Dr. N. L. H. Krauss 
Edward J. Lace 
Lincoln Park 

Zoological Society 
Arthur Loveridge 
Dr. Hans A. Lowenstam 
Dr. Waldemar Meister 
Walter B. Miller 



Dr. Charles F. Nadler 
Dr. Edward M. Nelson 
North Carolina 

State Museum 
David and Gordon Obed 
Miss Andrea Ouse 
Francisco Pacheco 
John Quimby 
Dr. Austin L. Rand 
Dr. H. A. Reid 
Fabian T. Resk 

Dr. K. Rohde 
J. D. Romer 
Miss Lillian Ross 
Dr. Janis A. Roze 
Santa Barbara Museum 

of Natural History 
Charles Seymour III 
Reay H.N. Smithers 
Harrison R. Steeves, Jr. 

P. Suppiah 
Dr. Walter Suter 
Robert Talmadge 
Dr. P. T. Thomas 
Donald B. Toeppen 
United States Fish and 

Wildlife Service 
Universitetets Zoologiske 

Mrs. Anne Uzzell 
Harold K. Voris 
James Weaver 
Dr. Edward F. Webb 

and Terry Webb 
Jay A. Weber 
Joseph Wilcox 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 


University of Arizona 

Dr. Donald Collier 
Dr. Robert H. Denison 
Henry S. Dybas 
Col. K. C. Emerson 
Dr. Frank L. Fleener 
James I. Goodrick 
Dr. ClifTord C. Gregg 
Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 
John R. Millar 
Dr. F. Miiller 
Northwestern University 

Dr. Austin L. Rand 
Gerbert Rebell 
Ernest J. Roscoe 
Mrs. Melvyn E. Stein 
Time Inc., Book Division 
Melvin A. Traylor 
Dr. J. Marvin Weller 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Alex K. Wyatt 
Dr. A. V. Zhirmunsky 




Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Edward E. Ayer,* 
Miss Kate S. Buckingham* 
Boardman Conover* 
Cornelius Crane* 
R. T. Crane, Jr.* 
Joseph N. Field* 
Marshall Field III* 
Stanley Field* 
Mrs. Stanley Field* 
Captain A. W. F. Fuller* 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 

* deceased 

Ernest R. Graham* 
Albert W. Harris* 
Norman W. Harris* 
Harlow N. Higinbotham* 
William V. Kelley* 
George M. Pullman* 
Frederick H. Rawson* 
Mrs. Anna Louise 

James Nelson Raymond* 

Robert R. McCormick 

Charitable Trust 
Martin A. Ryerson* 
Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson* 
James Simpson* 
Mrs. Frances Gaylord 

George T. Smith* 
Mrs. Mary D. Sturges* 
Mrs. Diego Suarez 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Professor H. O. Beyer 
C. Suydam Cutting 

His Majesty Gustaf VI, 
King of Sweden 


Stanley Field 

Mrs. Diego Suarez 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Charles H. Brewer 
Charles J. Calderini 
Philip M. Chancellor 
C. Suydam Cutting 

Lee Garnett Day 
Duncan S. Ellsworth 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 
G. Allan Hancock 


Mrs. Emily Crane Chadbourne 

Mrs. William H. Moore 
Mrs. Diego Suarez 
Harold A. White 


Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 
eminent service to the Museum 

Professor Henri Humbert 

Dr. Karl Keissler 



Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 

$75,000 to $100,000 

Philip M. Chancellor 

$50,000 to $75,000 

R. Bensabott* 
Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers* 
Thomas J. Dee* 
Chauncey Keep* 
Sterling Morton* 
Oscar E. Remmer* 
Mrs. Augusta N. 

Mr. and Mrs. William S. 


$25,000 to $50,000 

Mrs. Edith Almy Adams'* 
Mrs. Abby K. Babcock* 
Mrs. Timothy B. 

Walther Buchen* 
John Coats* 
Mrs. Annie S. Coburn* 
Charles R. Crane* 
Mrs. R.T.Crane, Jr.* 
C. Suydam Cutting 
Miss Shirley Farr* 
Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 
Arthur B. Jones* 
Walter P. Murphy* 
George F. Porter* 
Donald Richards 
Elmer J. Richards 
Dr. Maurice L. 

Julius Rosenwald* 
Karl P. Schmidt* 
John M. Simpson 
Solomon A. Smith 

Charitable Trust 
Arthur S. Vernay* 
Harold A. White 

$10,000 to $25,000 
Joseph Adams* 
Allison V. Armour* 
P. D. Armour* 
Sewell L. Avery* 
R. Magoon Barnes* 
Miss Florence Dibell 

Miss Caroline Frances 

Leopold E. Block* 
Mrs. Emily Crane 




in money or materials 


William J. Chalmers* 
The Chicago Zoological 

Miss Margaret B. Conover 
R. F. Cummings* 
R. T. Everard* 
Dr. Henry Field 
Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus* 
Mrs. Florence Hurst 

Samuel Insull* 
Dr. Berthold Laufer* 
Wallace W. Lufkin* 
Leon Mandel 
Cyrus McCormick 

Stanley McCormick 
John J. Mitchell* 
Stuart H. Perry* 
Lewis Reese* 
Mrs. George W. Robb* 
The Rockefeller 

Homer E. Sargent* 
Mrs. Charles H. 

Mrs. Oscar S. Straus* 
Silas H.Strawn* 
Walter A. Strong* 
Stewart J. Walpole* 
Rush Watkins 
Wenner-Gren Foundation 

for Anthropological 

Albert H. Wetten* 
James Witkowsky* 
Philip K. Wrigley 
William Wrigley, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 
George E. Adams* 
Milward Adams* 
American Friends of China 
Albert L. Arenberg 
Mrs. Claire S. Arenberg 
The Art Institute of 

A. C. Bartlett* 
Heber Bishop (Estate) 
Mrs. John Jay Borland* 
Edgar C.Borth* 
R. T. Crane* 
Dr. Jose Cuatecasas 
J. W. Doane* 
William A. Fuller* 
Dr. Jesse R. Gerstley* 

George Coe Graves II* 
Miss Laverne Hand 
Hayden B. Harris* 
Norman Dwight Harris* 
Mrs. Norman W. Harris* 
Frederick T. Haskell* 
Evett D. Hester 

C. L. Hutchinson* 
Henry P. Isham 
Edson Keith* 

J. C. Langtry 

Dr. Ernest Lundelius 

Mrs. M. Haddon 

William H. Mitchell 
Mrs. William H. Moore 
Mrs. Florine G. 

Seymour Oppenheimer 
John Barton Payne* 

D. K. Pearsons* 
H. H. Porter* 
Norman B. Ream* 
Alexander H. Revell* 
Mrs. Charles V. Riley* 
Prince M. U. M. Salie 
Dr. Jeanne S. Schwengel* 
John G. Searle 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff 
A. A. Sprague* 
William Benson Storye* 
Miss Elisabeth Telling 
Bruce Thome 
Lambert Tree* 
Louis L. Valentine* 
DeWitt Van Evera 
Mrs. Cyril L. Ward 
Mrs. Babs O. Weiss* 
Wistar Institute 
Alex K. Wyatt 

$1,000 to $5,000 
Dr. M. Acosta Solis 
Edward Alexander 
The American Museum 

of Natural History 
Lester Armour 
George F. Arnemarm 
A. G. Atwater 
Mrs. Edward E. Ayer* 
Herbert Baker 
Mrs. Herbert Baker 
Mrs. Roy Evan Ban- 
Samuel E. Barrett* 
Dr. William R. Bascom 

CONTRIBUTORS (continued) 

George A. Bates 
Holly Reed Bennett 
Dr. Louis B. Bishop* 
Mrs. Sherman C. Bishop 
Watson F. Blair* 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Stanley Field Blaschke 
Mrs. Helen M. Block* 
John Borden* 
Rev. Thomas Borgmeier 
Rudyerd Boulton 
Chares Edward Brown* 
Mrs. Walther Buchen 
William G. Burt 
Dr. Alvin R. Cahn 
Dr. J. Ernest Carman 
Joe Cervenka 
Harry Vearn Clyborne 
Mary Elizabeth Clyborne 
Charles B.Cory, Jr.* 
Alfred Cowles 
Templeton Crocker* 
Mrs. Robert F. 
Walter J. Cummings 
Dr. D. Dwight Davis 
Joseph Desloge 
Albert B.Dick, Jr.* 
O. C. Doering* 
Mrs. Ann S. Donnelley 
Elliott Donnelley 
Henry S. Dybas 
Emil Eitel* 
Dr. Alfred E. Emerson 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field, Jr. 
Mrs. Frederick S. Fish* 
Dr. Robert L. Fleming 
Dr. Roland W. Force 
Clarence L. Frederick 
Mrs. Helen Frederick 
Mrs. Anne Rickcords Gait 
Sidney D. Gamble 
William J. Gerhard* 
Mrs. Carolyn A. Getz 
James R. Getz 
Dr. Julian R. Goldsmith 
Dr. David C. Graham 
Henry Graves, Jr.* 
Dr. Clifford C. Gregg 
Mrs. Susie I. Grier* 
Miss Helen Gunsaulus* 
C. E. Gurlev 
WilHam F. E. Gurley* 

Byron Harvey III 
Arthur Wolf Herz* 
W. G. Hibbard* 
Mrs. Charles M. 

James J. Hill* 
Thomas W. Hinde* 
Frank P. Hixon* 
Miss Malvina Hoffman 
Mrs. John A. Holabird 
Charles Albee Howe 
Thomas S. Hughes* 
Huntington W. Jackson* 
F. G. James 
S. L. James 
Jewish Welfare Fund of 

Joseph H. King* 
CharlesK. Knickerbocker* 
James L. Kraft* 
George Langford* 
Lee Ling Yun 
Michael Lerner 
Alfred A. Look 
J. Edward Maass* 
Haddon H. MacLean 
Fred L, Mandel, Jr. 
George Manierre* 
Arnold H. Maremont 
Dr. Ruth Marshall* 
Alfred R. Martin* 
Dr. Paul S. Martin 
Hughston M. McBain 
Cyrus H. McCormick* 
Mrs. Cyrus McCormick* 
Arthur L. McElhose* 
Clarence B. Mitchell 
John W. Moyer 
Mrs. L. Byron Nash 
Henry W. Nichols* 
Mrs. Daniel W. Odell 
Mrs. Frances E. Ogden* 
Dr. William Clarence 

Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood* 
Mr. and Mrs. James L. 

Potter Palmer* 
Dr. Orlando Park 
Henry J. Patten* 
Langdon Pearse* 
Philip Pinsof 

Mrs. Clarence C. Prentice 
George I. Quimby 

Charles F. Rauchfuss* 
Charles E. Rajmiond 
Robert J. Reich 
Earle H. Reynolds* 
Roosevelt University 
Miss Lillian A. Ross 
Walter S. Ross 
William N. Rumely* 
Dr. Louis Schapiro* 
Henry C. Schwab* 
Martin C. Schwab* 
Charles H. Schweppe* 
Dr. Charles H. Seevers 
William W. Shaw 
John G. Shedd Aquarium 
Byron L. Smith* 
Edward Byron Smith 
Mr. and Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap Smith 
Solomon A. Smith* 
Dr. Alan Solem 
Albert A. Sprague* 
Harrison R. Steeves, Jr. 
Dr. Julian A. Steyermark 
Walter T. Stille 
Mrs. Mary Brown 

Roy E. Sturtevant 
Dr. Walter Suter 
Mrs. Margaret C. Teskey 
E. H. Thompson* 
Mrs. Louise E. Thome* 
Donald R. Thurow 
Dr. Harold Trapido 
Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. 
Robert Trier 
Fritz von Frantzius 
Louis Ware 
A. Rush Watkins 

Charitable Trust 
Leslie Wheeler* 
Dr. R. H. Whitfield 
Mrs. Laura Wielgus 
Raymond Wielgus 
Dr. J. Daniel Willems 
Dr. and Mrs. Louis 0. 

L. M. Willis* 
John P. Wilson* 
Albert B. Wolcott* 
Dr. C. W. Yarrington* 
Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
Kenneth V. Zweiner 

* deceased 



$25,000 to $50,000 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

The Searle Foundation 
Tiffany & Co. 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Field Enterprises Educa- 
tional Corporation 

General Electric X-Ray 

International Harvester 

Eli Lilly and Company 

$1,000 to $5,000 

The Atchison, Topeka 
and Santa Fe Railway 

Chicago Tribune 

L. A. Dreyfus Company 

Marshall Field & 

Membership in the Museum has been rising consistently, and in 1964 passed 
the 9,000 level. In the interest of economy we will no longer list Life, Associate, 
and Annual Members in the Annual Report. Deep appreciation is extended to 
our Members whose interest and financial support are essential to the progress and 
growth of Chicago Natural History Museum.