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nnual Report 1965 

ield Museum of Natural History 

On March 1, 1966, The Museum re- 
sumed its former name of Field Mu- 
seum of Natural History. We have 
used our "new" and more familiar 
name in this 1965 Annual Report. 





Field Museum of Natural History 


HAT IS A MUSEUM? If ten individuals were asked,^ — either mu- 
seum professionals or laymen — undoubtedly ten quite varying replies 
would be received. This is not surprising, nor is it necessarily a 
matter for concern, for a great American museum today is many 
things to many people. In this respect it is almost unique among 
our educational and cultural institutions. If ten respondents were 
to sit in discussion of their respective definitions, one clear and in- 
escapable conclusion would emerge — that a museum has, probably in 
as great a degree as any other secular institution, the power to alter 
individual lives. It is tempting, in a large metropolitan museum with 
millions of visitors, to think in terms of thousands instead of individ- 
ual persons, but in viewing the forest and missing the trees we lose 
sight of the deeply individual impact of a museum. 

A graphic example of this Museum's effect in children's formative 
years came to attention recently, when the chairman of the depart- 
ment of biology at one of our great universities said to me, "You 
know, my first interest in biology was stimulated by the small cases* 
you circulated years ago to the schools. I have always had a great 
affection for the Field Museum as a consequence." Last summer a 
student working with the aid of a General Biological Supply House 
"Turtox Scholarship" wrote, "My months with the Museum will 

* N. W. Harris Public School Extension exhibits 

always represent to me one of the most profitable periods of my life, 
and I feel that such an experience could not fail to benefit the lives 
of many others, if they were given the opportunity." 

In November a young Navy medical scientist wrote from Viet 
Nam, "Might I take this opportunity to thank the management and 
staff of Chicago Natural History Museum for the opportunites and 
experiences I gained as an employee and volunteer in the summers of 
'57, '59 and '63. I'll always hold Chicago as the beginning of my 
zoological career." A mother wrote in July, "Knowing we have our 
Museum helps ease the burden of teaching our deaf son about the 
world around him which eludes him sometimes. Teaching him the 
various species of animals, explaining the hows of a volcano, the why 
of a meteorite, the when of a dinosaur has been so much easier to show 
him as well as our hearing sons and daughter." 

The continual participation of people in various departmental 
programs emerges throughout the following pages. Graduate stu- 
dents on expedition or engaged in research projects in collaboration 
with our scientific staff; scientists — from more than 30 countries and 
most of the United States, in 1965; high ability high school students 
attending the Holiday Science Lectures; school groups participating 
in such Raymond Foundation workshops as "Animals Without Back- 
bones;" teachers attending a summer institute in geology at the 
Museum — all are integral to answering, "What is a Museum?" 

These and our other visitors combined to increase attendance to 
1,565,189 — continuing a seven-year upward trend. Almost the en- 
tire 33^^% increase over 1964 can be attributed to increased school 


As stated in the last several Annual Reports, the Museum enjoys 
almost unparalleled opportunities to broaden and strengthen its pro- 
gram in exhibition, education, research. The principal requirement, 
plainly stated, is radically increased annual income for both operating 
and capital expenses. Adequate income is not likely to be derived 
from any single source; it is thus essential that logical areas of respon- 
sibility be delineated. Our four major categories of operating expense 
are (1) operation of the building as a public exhibition museum; 
(2) exhibit revision; (3) scientific program; (4) educational program. 
For many years, a major portion of the cost of the first category has 
been covered by tax support through the Chicago Park District. 
The Commissioners of the Park District have been most helpful and 
sensitive to the needs of the Chicago museums. In late 1965 a very 

necessary increase in the levy was voted, funds from which increase 
will become available in 1967. Exhibit revision and our scientific and 
educational programs have traditionally been funded primarily from 
endowment income. It is quite clear, however, that the scientific 
activities of the Museum have grown to such a point that they tran- 
scend any logical level of local support. Increased federal support 
of our scientific program through grants from the National Science 
Foundation during the last ten years has been of inestimable value 
in preserving our research output. Even more recently, support from 
the Office of Naval Research, the National Institutes of Health, and 
the Office of the Surgeon General, United States Army, have broad- 
ened the federal contribution. This conforms to the pattern that has 
similarly emerged in the universities and independent research insti- 
tutions of the country during a comparable period. 

In summary, a dynamic and balanced program can be achieved 
by the Museum through continuation of Park District support, aug- 
mented local support from diverse segments of the community, and 
radically increased federal support of our nationally significant scien- 
tific program. 

Good progress was made during 1965 in enlarging our non-govern- 
mental base of support. Outstanding among the gifts received were 
those of Mr. John M. Simpson, the Searle Foundation, Henry P. 
Isham, William H. Mitchell, Joseph N. Field, Marshall Field & Com- 
pany, International Harvester Foundation, Wenner-Gren Founda- 
tion, Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street, and The Chicago Community 
Trust (Ruth Jones Allison Fund and John G. and Frances Searle 
Fund). A bequest of $1,000,000 from the late Stanley Field was the 
capstone of nearly sixty years of devoted service to the Museum and 
the natural sciences. A full list of those who contributed other than 
membership funds during the year is carried later in the report. Grate- 
ful appreciation is expressed to all who helped to build a better mu- 
seum through their generous gifts to the funds and to the collections. 

A severe loss was suffered in September through the death of 
Marshall Field. As a Trustee he maintained close touch with the 
Museum. His untimely death deprived Chicago and the Museum 
of many years of leadership. Two Trustees were elected at the De- 
cember meeting of the Board, Mr. Harry O. Bercher, President of 
International Harvester Corporation, and Mr. Remick McDowell, 
Chairman of the Board of the Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company. 

Two organizational changes during the year were important steps 
toward our goals for the future. The first was the consolidation of 
all financial operations of the Museum under the administrative juris- 

diction of Mr. Norman W. Nelson, Business Manager, who was ap- 
pointed on February 1. The second was the estabhshment of a 
Department of Planning and Development to coordinate various 
phases of institutional development, including public relations, mem- 
bership, and all other activities which communicate the Museum's 
program to the public. The appointment of Mr. Robert E. Coburn 
as Development Officer to head this department was announced in 
November to take effect January 1, 1966. Both the staff additions 
and the centralized administrative responsibilities thus created will 
greatly strengthen the Museum in the years ahead. 

As planning in all aspects of our work progresses, one common 
concern is the Museum building, now almost 50 years old. Moderni- 
zation of exhibits, restaurants, and educational service, and research 
areas all depend on allocation of space and correction of certain basic 
factors of obsolescence and deterioration. Since many of the prob- 
lems confronting us were highly technical in nature, a firm of con- 
sulting engineers, John F. Dolio & Associates, was engaged to aid in 
preparing a comprehensive building survey. Preliminary work had 
been completed at year end. 

School Programs 

Any review of a major metropolitan area education program, 
whether within the formal school structure or extracurricular, must 
take as its point of departure the juxtaposition of appalling needs and 
limited resources. A typical example is the increase of 60% in or- 
ganized group visitation to the Museum during the last two years. 
This very welcome increase in usage leaves us in an inescapable quan- 
dary. Our facilities and staff are clearly inadequate to handle such 
increased attendance, yet our responsibilities to the community are 
equally clear. The needed improvements in the building mentioned 
earlier impinge directly on this problem. Also needed are new ap- 
proaches to our educational services which can only be developed in 
close correlation with the schools. Minimal collaborative steps have 
been begun, but we hope for more consistent and positive action. 

To gain insight into ways in which the educational resources of 
the Museum can be most effectively utilized in meeting the problems 
of the culturally disadvantaged children of the Chicago area, Mr. 
Ernest Roscoe, of The Raymond Foundation, was assigned as a re- 
search associate. Urban Child Center of the University of Chicago, 
under the general direction of Dr. R. D. Hess. The five-month study 
was extremely helpful in focusing attention on problem areas to which 

we should be directing thought and action. There is much to be done. 
Another new program was a six-day summer course in earth science 
presented to elementary school teachers during July. This pilot 
course was well received, with the result that a six-week course has 
been planned for the summer of 1966. Financial support has been 
granted for the expanded program by National Science Foundation. 

The fourth annual Holiday Science Lectures, presented in collab- 
oration with the AAAS, with financial support from the NSF, offered 
a particularly distinguished speaker. Dr. Polykarp Kusch, Professor 
of Physics at Columbia University and 1955 Nobel Prize winner for 
physics. Dr. Kusch's series of four lectures entitled "The Magnetic 
Dipole Moment of the Electron," was given to several hundred high- 
ability high school students from the metropolitan area. 

Aside from these selected examples, the traditional internal and 
extension educational programs continued at an accelerated pace. 

Special Exhibits and Programs 

Two musical events were among the outstanding programs pre- 
sented at the Museum during the year. The Indiana University 
School of Music initiated a concert series in James Simpson Theatre 
which met with immediate popular and critical acclaim. Two con- 
certs by the Park District's Children's Orchestra were also held at 
the Museum. 

Other programs specifically designed for children were the Chi- 
cago Area Science Fair and Chicago Latin Day, both held in May. 
The two events demonstrated the achievements of Chicago high 
school students in scientific projects and classical languages. 

A number of shows were held through the year. In February, 
the Museum and the Chicago Nature Camera Club held the annual 
Chicago International Exhibition on Nature Photography. The 
May exhibit of children's art from the Junior School of the Art In- 
stitute, the June Chicago Shell Club and the Amateur Handcrafted 
Gem and Jewelry exhibits delighted Museum visitors. In Novem- 
ber, the Illinois Orchid Society presented its annual orchid show, 
filling the Museum's Hall 9 with hundreds of the colorful tropical 
blossoms. As it has for many years, the Museum continued its sup- 
port of the many naturalist groups in the Chicago area, such as the 
Audubon society, the Chicago Shell Club, the Kennicott Club and 



The Scientific Departments of a large museum must operate on a 
number of levels and in many directions in a successful year. Col- 
lecting, field study, laboratory research, writing, educating, care and 
preservation of collections, exhibit planning and development of the 
Departmental resources are all essential activities. The work of the 
Department of Anthropology in 1965 is a fine illustration of this. 

Chief Curator Donald Collier played an active role on the Com- 
mittee on Anthropological Research in Museums of the American 
Anthropological Association. A predoctoral fellowship program to 
increase the quantity and quality of ethnological research in museum 
collections throughout the United States was worked out with the 
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, which is 
generously subsidizing the program for a five-year period. 

In another educational program, designed to develop students of 
Anthropology on an undergraduate level. Chief Curator Emeritus 
Paul S. Martin trained eight students in the theory and practice of 
archaeology at the Museum's Field Station, Vernon, Arizona, as part 
of his summer research program. A pre-pottery site was investigated 


High-tcheeled chariot and riders, rubbing of tomb relief 

Southwest China, Latter Han Period, 2nd century A. D. 

and the present evidence indicates it was occupied around 500 B.C. 
The training program, supported by the Undergraduate Participation 
Program of the National Science Foundation, acquainted the stu- 
dents not only with the technical side of a dig — laying out grids, dig- 
ging test trenches, sorting and cleaning artifacts, etc. — but with the 
rigors, stresses and joys of camp life on a dig in difficult country and 
climate. The summer program is the sort of introduction to field 
work which many archaeologists never experience until well into 
their graduate studies. 

University courses rounded out the Department's educational 
effort. Dr. Collier, George I. Quimby, Curator, North American 
Ethnology and Archaeology until September, and later Research 
Associate in the same fields. Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator, Asian Eth- 
nology and Archaeology, taught courses in their fields at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. 

Mr. Quimby made an aerial survey of parts of Lake Michigan and 
Lake Superior, in a plane piloted by Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Fifield of 

Milwaukee, who graciously volunteered their help in Mr. Quimby's 
project. They were searching for underwater archaeological sites and 
for the hulk of La Salle's trading ship, the Griffin, the first sailing ves- 
sel on Lake Michigan, lost in a September storm in 1679. Later in 
the year, the Fifields and their son, C. Sprague Taylor, joined Mr. 
Quimby, James Getz, Field Associate of the Museum, Dr. James 
Fitting of the University of Michigan and others in investigating one 
such underwater site, an Indian village at Naomikong Point on the 
south shore of Lake Superior. They recovered pottery, hearths and 
stone tools to a distance of 100 feet from the beach. The village was 
of the Middle Woodland period, occupied about the time of Christ 
and subsequently submerged by the rising level of the lake. 

In June, Dr. Fred Reinman, Assistant Curator, Oceanic Archae- 
ology and Ethnology, left for Guam, in the Marianas, on a thirteen- 
month field trip. He was accompanied by his family, and later joined 
by Peter Newcomer, a graduate student at the University of Chicago, 
Reinman's field assistant. After a reconnaissance in which they 
found, mapped and studied more than 120 sites, they settled down 
to the excavation of selected sites on the coast and in the interior of 
the island. The work was supported by National Science Foundation. 

The sorely needed revision of exhibits in Hall C on the Stone Age 
of the Old World and an inventory of Field Museum's extensive Old 
World prehistory collections occupied newly appointed Dr. Glen Cole, 
Assistant Curator of Prehistory. Another new staff member, Leon 
Siroto, Assistant Curator of African Ethnology, worked on a reor- 
ganization of the African collections, with the help of Mrs. Helen 
Strotz, a volunteer. Basing his studies on his field work among the 
BaKwele people of the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), Mr. 
Siroto is examining the use of masks in the political systems of 
traditional African societies. 

The reorganization was only a part of the maintenance of our vast 
collections. Five years of preparation were climaxed in 1965 by the 
formal opening of the Robert R. McCormick Conservation Labora- 
tory. As research continues and new equipment is added to the 
laboratory, methods of preservation and conservation are becoming 
increasingly sophisticated and useful. A specialized conservation 
project was carried on by Dr. Hoshien Tchen, Consultant on the 
East Asian Collection, with the advice of Mr. Harold Tribolet of 
R. R. Donnelley and Sons, Chicago, a nationally known authority 
on the conservation of paper. Dr. Tchen is concerned with the pres- 
ervation of the Museum's outstanding collection of Chinese rubbings. 



The research on the Department of Botany's two massive and 
historically important floristic studies moved ahead in 1965. Mrs. 
Dorothy Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium, and Dr. Gabriel Ed- 
win, Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants, worked on several families 
of the Flora of Peru, a monumental work giving all the known plants 
of Peru, which the Museum began publishing in 1936, and which 
now contains over 6,000 printed pages in Fieldiana: Botany. Chief 
Curator Louis Williams worked on the Flora of Guatemala, a project 
begun in the late 1940s, now numbering some 2,500 published pages. 

The botanically little-known Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming 
were the site of a field trip by Dr. Ponce de Leon, Assistant Curator, 
Cryptogamic Herbarium and Mr. Robert Stolze, Herbarium Assis- 
tant, who collected both fungi and flowering plants and added greatly 
to the usefulness of the Museum collections from that area. 

The major field work, as usual, took place in Central America, 
where an expedition, headed by Dr. Williams, collected in Guate- 
mala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Mrs. Williams, Mrs. 
Gibson, Sr. Antonio Molina, Field Associate, and Mr. Chester Las- 
kowski, a graduate student at the University of Michigan who has 
worked with the Department of Botany for several years, were in the 
field for more than two months. 

1965 was the fourth year of a projected five-year cooperative study 
undertaken with Escuela Agricola Panamericana, in Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras. Sr. Molina, on the staff of the school, and an extremely 
capable and hardworking field botanist, is responsible for much of 
the success of the program to date. 

Other programs in Central America involved cooperation with the 
University of California, Los Angeles and the National Museum of 


Costa Rica. Dr. Williams has been working with Investigaciones de 
los Recursos Agricolas y Forestales de la Costa Atlantica (Nicaragua), 
a project of the United Nations; he has been identifying the plant 
material generated by the program. 

The Museum joined in very interesting and important project 
initiated by the Forest Products Laboratory, United States Forest 
Service, to study the woods of Peru. The Museum determined the 
trees in the study from extensive collections, made from selected trees 
at different times in the year, and supervised the distribution of dupli- 
cate specimens. A related program with Servicio Forestal y de Caza, 
Lima, Peru, is a study of tropical forestry. The tropical forests of 
South America must be counted among the greatest and least used 
natural resources left to man and cooperative studies on the develop- 
ment, conservation, and proper utilization of these forests will prove 
important not only to the American republics but to the world in 

Seventy-five accessions increased the Museum's Herbarium by 
some 42,000 specimens. Of these, nearly 28,000 came from the Cen- 
tral American collecting of the Department of Botany, and over 6,000 
from collecting in the Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming. Many 
other specimens were gifts and exchanges. 

In the Hall of Useful Plants (Hall 28), models of more than fifty 
kinds of fruit were exhibited. The fruits are shown in groups accord- 
ing to the basic structure of the flowers that produced them and illus- 
trate the wide, and sometimes deceptive, variety of forms that result 
from selective development or suppression of one or more parts of the 
usual floral anatomy as the fruit matures. 

Iparia National Forest, Amazonian Peru 



1965 was a year of consolidation and assimilation in the Depart- 
ment of Geology, after the addition of a large new storage area and 
the refurbishing of laboratories and offices. The collections have been 
transferred to their new location, along with the very large Walker 
collection from the University of Chicago, the cataloging of which 
will take many years of continuous effort. 

Chief Cuator Rainer Zangerl completed a manuscript describing 
a small shark from the Mecca and Logan Quarry shales of west- 
central Indiana. The shark presents some interesting implications 
about the origin of bone in vertebrate animals. Translation and 
editorial work also occupied the Chief Curator's time. Among other 
works, he is translating the unpublished "Comparative Odontology" 
by the late Professor Bernhard Peyer of the University of Zurich. 
The book will be published by the University of Chicago Press. 

Joining the staff at the end of June, Mr. Matthew Nitecki, Assist- 
ant Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, has been engaged in the study of 
various fossil sponges. The Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, Eugene 
Richardson, is studying the coal age fossils of the strip mines of north- 
ern Illinois. As in years past, the amateur collectors interested in 
this area have been an important aid to Richardson's scientific work. 
Richardson completed the scientific description of a small, worm-like 
fossil long known in the area as the "Tully Monster," because it was 
first found by an amateur collector, Mr. Francis Tully, of Lockport, 
Illinois. The official scientific name now also honors Mr. Tully, and 
the worm is known as Tullimonstrum gregarium. 

Another amateur, in a quite different aspect of Geology, has been 
the source of a number of large new gem stones in the Hall of Gems. 



Using rough material furnished by the Museum, Mr. Walter Kean 
of Riverside, Illinois, faceted six handsome stones with great skill. 
He has been working with the Curator of Mineralogy, Edward Olsen, 
whose research on several aspects of the chemistry of meteorites, con- 
ducted with Dr. Robert Mueller, Research Associate, has resulted in 
three papers on meteorites. 

Bertram Woodland, Curator of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrol- 
ogy, continued to work on the microstructures of the metamorphic 
rocks of the Royalton area in Vermont and the Central Black Hills 
of South Dakota. With Mr. Doy Zachry, formerly of the University 
of Arkansas, Woodland, Richardson and Zangerl engaged in a coop- 
erative project on the lithology of the Mississippian Fayetteville shale 
in Arkansas. 

The Curator of Fossil Fishes, Robert H. Denison, produced a 
manuscript on a peculiar jawless fish, Cardipeltis, based on the first 
known articulated specimen from the Lower Devonian (about 400 
million years ago) of Wyoming. In a continuing study of Ordovician 
vertebrates he collected and studied for several weeks in the Canon 
City area of Colorado. 

Seventeen years of study, mostly in the Big Badlands of South 
Dakota, on the geography and climate of that area during the Oligo- 
cene (38-26 million years ago) brought Dr. John Clark, Curator of 
Sedimentary Petrology, to the completion of a manuscript on the 
subject in 1965. 

Associate Curator of Fossil Mammals, William D. Tumbull, has 
been engaged in two major studies. The first is a comparative ana- 
tomical and functional analysis of the main adaptive types of chewing 
apparatus in mammals; the other is a descriptive and analytic study 
of the Potassium-Argon dated Grange Burn Pliocene mammal fauna 
in Australia. This work continues the cooperative effort with Dr. 
Ernest Lundelius of the University of Texas, which began with the 
1963-64 Australian Paleontological Expedition. 

An elaborate and extremely sensitive security system was in- 
stalled in the Hall of Gems in 1965, under the direction of Harry 
Changnon, Curator of Exhibits. The system gives 24-hour protec- 
tion to the many valuable stones in the collection. 

Top, Mississippian crinoids, from Iowa; middle, skull of Gorgosaurus, from the 
Cretaceous, found in Alberta, Canada; bottom, section of calico sandstone. 


Female Argiope argentata tvilh prey. Male spider is at lower right. Photo taken 
by Associate Curator Hymen Marx on a recent Field Trip to Barro Colorado Island, 
Canal Zone. 



The widespread and varied activities of the Department of Zool- 
ogy, the largest scientific department in the Museum, are most easily 
reported Division by Division. In general, some 80,000 specimens 
were added to the Departmental collections; the majority of these, 
predictably, were insects and lower invertebrates. A new exhibit, 
"The Flow of Information," was prepared and opened under the 
supervision of Chief Curator Austin L. Rand. The exhibit gives a 
graphic presentation of the way scientific work develops from pri- 
mary data to philosophic treatise and popular book. 

DIVISION OF MAMMALS— The major event of the year was the 
W. S. and J. K. Street Expedition to Afghanistan. Preparations 
began in February, and the group, which included Expedition Fel- 
lows Jerry Hassinger and Hans Neuhauser, left for Afghanistan on 
June 23. They were joined in Kabul by Dr. Robert Lewis of the 
American University of Beirut and his graduate student Mr. Sana 
Atallah, who were appointed Medical Entomologist and Expedition 
Preparator, respectively. The Expedition was extraordinarily suc- 
cessful : over 2,000 mammals were taken, along with many thousands 
of lice, mites, ticks and fleas associated with the mammals. Reptiles, 


snails and ecologically important plants were also collected. The 
final results of the Expedition, to be prepared by various experts, 
will be published in the Museum's Fieldiana series, and the informa- 
tion, particularly about the mammals and their ectoparasites, will be 
of great scientific and medical importance. 

At the Museum, various research projects continued during the 
year. Curator Joseph Moore worked on the living genera of Beaked 
Whales and Research Curator Philip Hershkovitz, under a contract 
with the National Institutes of Health, accelerated his definitive 
study of marmosets. Mr. Hershkovitz, whose work with the 
Public Health Service concerning Bolivian hemorrhagic fever was 
mentioned in last year's Report, did some similar work for Dr. R. 
H. L. Disney of British Honduras, who is working on the epidemic 
disease Leishmaniasis, in which some rodents are implicated. Asso- 
ciate Jack Fooden completed a four-month study trip to the museums 
of Europe in connection with his revision of the genus Macaca, the 
monkeys which play the most vital role in biological research. Asso- 
ciate Charles Nadler, who is investigating the value of the number 
and morphology of chromosomes as a taxonomic tool in studying the 
relationships among species of North American ground squirrels, 
spent three weeks walking through the Brooks Range in Alaska, 
with pack dogs and Eskimo guides, gathering material for his studies. 

DIVISION OF BIRDS— The 3,300 species and 8,200 races of birds 
currently recognized for Central and South America occupied Cura- 
tor Emmet R. Blake, as he completed reference files and preliminary 
studies for his Manual of Neotropical Birds, supported by a National 
Science Foundation grant. Including descriptions, diagnoses, ranges, 
recent synonyms, etc., the Manual is a basic reference work planned 
as an aid to the taxonomist, zoogeographer and parasitologist work- 
ing in the field or laboratory. 

Associate Curator Melvin A. Traylor completed a critical study 
of a large collection of birds from Szechwan, China, acquired by the 
Museum in the early 1930s. The report, scheduled for publication 
in the Fieldiana series, is expected to be of wide interest since the 
collection, of some 1,800 birds, was one of the last of any consequence 
to reach the Western World from China. Mr. Traylor also aided 
Daniel Parelius, the 17-year-old son of an American missionary in 
the Ivory Coast of Africa. Parelius wrote to the Museum, offering 
to obtain specimens for the collections. Traylor replied with detailed 
instructions on the preparation and shipping of specimens. The re- 
sulting collection of birds contains numerous new records for the 


Ivory Coast, and at least three new forms for the Museum's collec- 
tions. This fruitful collaboration between scientist and amateur col- 
lector is being continued in a report of the birds of the Ivory Coast. 

Inger and the late Professor Bernard Greenberg of Roosevelt Uni- 
versity, a Research Associate of the Museum, were engaged in a 
study of the ecology and taxonomy of the reptiles and amphibians 
of Borneo. Much of their work centered around the competition 
between species of frogs and the reproductive patterns of rain forest 
lizards. They found that the year 'round breeding of these lizards 
apparently buffers population fluctuation and may be one of the fac- 
tors contributing to the great diversity of faunas of the rain forest. 
Associate Curator Hymen Marx and George B. Rabb, Associate 
Director of Brookfield Zoo and a Research Associate of the Museum, 
continued their study of the phylogeny of the poisonous viperine 
snakes. Some of the data were used to test a recently developed 
method of determining phylogenies with the aid of computers. Mr. 
Marx also completed a check-list of the reptiles and amphibians of 
Egypt, as part of the long-standing cooperative effort with the U. S. 
Naval Medical Research Unit, No. 3, Cairo, Egypt. Inger was 
elected Vice-President and Marx a Governor of the American Society 
of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. 

DIVISION OF FISHES— Loren P. Woods, Curator, spent November 
and December on Cruise 12 of the Southeastern Pacific Biological 
Oceanographic Program sponsored by the National Science Founda- 
tion. The object of the cruise, on the research vessel Anton Bruun, 
was to study distribution and collect samples of fish from shore 
depths to the bottom of the Peruvian Trench (6,000 meters). Ex- 
tensive collections were made at San Felix Island and Juan Fernan- 
dez Islands, several hundred miles off the Chilean coast. 

DIVISION OF INSECTS — The enlargement and reorganization of 
the facilities of the Division of Insects was the major event of the 
year. Under a National Science Foundation grant, floor space was 
increased by 25 per cent and storage space for the collections by 40 
per cent. An expanded program of preparation and labeling of speci- 
mens was also undertaken, with the help of students, and summer 
employees under the direction of Associate Harry G. Nelson, Pro- 
fessor of Biology at Roosevelt University. For the first time in a 
number of years it was possible to prepare, process and distribute 
a great backlog of material for the collections. Associate Curator 


Anhinga anhinga 

Common name: variously, water turkey, darter, snake bird, anhinga. 

Painting by Karl Plath. 

Henry Dybas completed a paper on ptiliid (featherwing) beetles, in 
which he presented the first evidence of parthenogenesis, i.e., repro- 
duction from unfertilized eggs, in these beetles. Curator Rupert 
Wenzel continued to edit and write parts of the forthcoming book 
Ectoparasites of Panama, a collaborative project under the auspices 
of the Office of Research and Development, Office of the Surgeon 
General, U. S. Army. 

Haas completed a description of a new genus of land snails from Peru, 
and continued his invaluable work of processing accumulated mate- 
rials into the molluscan collections. Curator Alan Solem spent the 
latter part of the year collecting in Western Samoa, Fiji and New 
Zealand. He was joined by Mr. Laurie Price, of New Zealand, who 
assisted him. Solem discovered that the endodontinine land snails 
become extinct when the native vegetation is destroyed, but two 
other gi'oups, the charopinine endodontids and the partulid land 
snails, have successfully adapted to secondary growth and overgrown 
plantation areas, and are thus in no immediate danger of extinction. 
Solem was awarded a National Science Foundation grant in support 
of his work on the classification and zoogeography of the endodontid 
land snails. 

appointed Assistant Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy. Dr. Liem also 
serves as Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, University 
of Illinois College of Medicine. His current research project is on 
the evolutionary morphology of the fish family CiddidAie. 

The staflf lost a distinguished colleague in February with the death 
of D. Dwight Davis. Mr. Davis joined Field Museum staff in 1930 
and had served as Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy since 1941. His 
death, at the age of 56, cut short a career which had reached a height 
just two months before his death with the publication of a monu- 
mental work on the giant panda. Two other valued collaborators in 
our research program. Dr. Bernard Greenberg, Research Associate 
in Reptiles, and Dr. Charles H. See vers. Research Associate in In- 
sects, both of the faculty of Roosevelt University, died during 1965. 
Dr. Seevers' association with Field Museum extended over a period 
of 25 years and his contribution to the collections and research of the 
Division of Insects was immense. 



Much of the Library's work this year was connected with the 
utilization of the new space provided by the National Science Foun- 
dation construction grant. This involved the massive shift of many 
thousands of volumes into the new stack area and the geology library 
and the consequent enlargement and rearrangement of the Reading 
Room and cataloging and technical services areas. This has resulted 
in a much needed doubling of our work and study space. 

These tasks were, of course, carried out in addition to the primary 
concern of the Library: service to the scientific staff of the museum 
and to visiting scientists and students. The Library's acquisition pro- 
gram resulted in the addition of approximately 10,000 items to our 
collections. The reference department reported a substantial increase 
in the number of visitors and in the number of periodicals and books 
used. Library visitors came from most of the continental United 
States and from Canada, Germany, Japan, India, New Zealand, 
Australia, and Yugoslavia. 

The work of the catalog department was highlighted by the com- 
pletion of the Subject Headings Authority Catalog, five years in the 
making. This involved, among other things, a complete revision of 
our main subject catalog in the Reading Room and the addition of 
over 8,000 cross-reference and new subject cards. This has greatly 
increased its usefulness and accuracy. The department classified 

Audubon ' " ^-"^^ ' v'^—r^^.^,^ 



approximately 2,300 titles (4,500 volumes), including 1,400 reclassi- 
fied titles (3,100 volumes) . 1,800 analytics were prepared for articles 
and monographs in serial publications. Over 20,000 cards were added 
to our main, departmental, and divisional catalogs. 

Many valuable and important gifts were made to the Library by 
interested donors. Included among them were two very fine letters 
of John James Audubon, one the gift of Mr. Herbert R. Strauss and 
the other given anonymously. Gifts of this kind greatly enrich the 
value of our collections. 

Public Information Services 

The Public Information Services continued during the year to 
supplement our exhibits as one of the Museum's principal means of 
communicating technical and non-technical science information to 
the public. The Museum Press, the Book Shop, and Divisions of 
Photography, Motion Pictures, Illustration, and Public Relations 
combine to serve untold thousands of people in an impressive num- 
ber of ways. Each of these divisions provides opportunities for the 
individual discussed at the beginning of this report to broaden his 
use of the Museum through reference to a source of information spe- 
cifically oriented to his needs. A scholar seeking illustrative material 
for his forthcoming book; a teacher who wishes to go the extra step 
in preparation that means the difference between pedestrian and in- 
spired teaching; the parent who is willing to bring his child to the 
Museum to seek collateral reading material or natural history speci- 
mens for a school assignment; the scientist in an overseas Public 
Health Service unit who finds in the latest scientific publication of 
the Fieldiana series a research report that relates directly to his cur- 
rent investigations; the local newspaper reporter who calls to check 
out some scientific information he wishes to use — these, too, help to 
answer "What is a museum?" 

Building Operations 

The completion of construction under a National Science Foun- 
dation grant of new facilities for the Department of Geology, the 
Library of the Museum, and the Division of Insects was a major 
event of the year. The redesigning and reconstruction of Halls 9 
and 32 were begun in 1965. Hall 9 is to be used to house special 
exhibits and Hall 32 will contain a pioneering exhibit on Tibetan 



Comparative Statement of Receipts 

and Expenditures - Current Funds 

Years 1965 and 1964 


RECEIPTS 1965 1964 
Endowment income— 

From investments in securities $ 835,501 $ 778,586 

From investments in real estate 112,000 112,000 

$ 947,501 $ 890,586 

Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 358,663 $ 361,267 

Annual and sustaining memberships 45,431 35,086 

Admissions 50,036 48,529 

Unrestricted contributions and sundry receipts . . 276,429 128,555 
Restricted funds transferred and expended 

through Operating Fund 817,797 448,511 

$2,495,857 $1,912,534 


Operating expenses — 

Departmental $ 783,377 $ 749,876 

General 693,171 625,539 

Building repairs and alterations 176,266 165,652 

$1,652,814 $1,541,067 

New geology and library facilities $ 509,012 $ 242,377 

Collections — purchases and expedition costs 127,447 80,854 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 26,133 27,180 

Provision for heating plant renewal 22,486 22,486 

Appropriations — 

Proposed pension program 50,000 

Building and exhibit modernization 110,000 

$2,497,892 $1,913,964 

DEFICIT FOR THE YEAR $ 2,035 $ 1,430 

Certain reclassifications have been made in the amounts 
for 196 U to conform to the 1965 presentation. 




1965 1964 

Income from endowments $ 51,831 $ 42,606 

Expenditures 43,925 39,761 




From Specific Endowment Fund investments ... . $ 106,540 $ 100,331 

Contributions and grants for specific purposes . . . 648,840 485,612 
Operating Fund provision for heating[plant 

renewal 22,486 22,486 

Sundry receipts 70,169 63,115 

Gain on sale of restricted fund securities 1,091 2,732 

$ 849,126 $ 674,276 


Expended through Operating Fund $ 817,797 $ 448,511 

Added to endowment fund principal 55,000 63,000 

$ 872,797 $ 511,511 


EXPENDITURES $ (23,671) $ 162,765 

The Trustees, 

Chicago Natural History Museum: 

We have examined the accompanying comparative statement of receipts and 
expenditures — current funds of the Chicago Natural History Museum for the year 
ended December 31, 1965. Our examination was made in accordance with gen- 
erally accepted auditing standards, and accordingly included such tests of the 
accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we considered necessary 
in the circumstances. 

In our opinion, the statement mentioned above presents fairly the receipts 
and expenditures of the current funds of the Chicago Natural History Museum 
for the year ended December 31, 1965, in conformity with generally accepted 
accounting principles applied on a basis consistent with that of the preceding year. 

Arthur Young & Company 
January 17, 1966 


Use During 1965 of Income from Special 
Purpose Endowment Funds 

Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation Fund 

Cost of Museum Lecture Series $ 5,026.00 

Subsidy to Publication Program 2,076.88 

Frederick and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund 

Subsidy to Publication Program 2,681.45 

Emily Crane Chadbourne Zoological Fund 

Field Trips 605.33 

Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund 

Purchase of specimens 972.23 

Laboratory equipment and supplies 4,651.96 

CONOVER Game-Bird Fund 

Purchase of specimens 1,456.69 

Expeditions and study trips 1,250.00 

Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund 

Fellowship grant 725.00 

Group Insurance Fund* 

Group insurance cost 8,298.12 

Subsidy to Pension Fund 10,000.00 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund 

Preparation, care, and distribution of exhibits to 

Chicago schools 42,925.49 

Library FuNDf 

Purchase of books and periodicals 3,811.09 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and 
Children's Lecture Fund 
Subsidy to public school and children's lecture programs 44,237.35 

Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund 

Expeditions, field work, and professional meetings 1,153.60 

Karl P. Schmidt Fund 

Study grant 126.00 

These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which 
they were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than 
$17,000,000 of unrestricted endowment funds was used in general Museum operation. 

* Established by Stanley Field 

t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones, 
Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald 


Contributions and Bequests 

The gifts of many individuals have built a great mu- 
seum. Contributions and bequests now and in the future 
will permit needed improvement of exhibits, expansion 
of the educational program, and increased support of 
scientific research. The following form is suggested to 
those who wish to provide for Field Museum of Natural 
History in their wills: 

Form of Bequest 

I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of 
Natural History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions to Field Museum of Natural History 
are allowable as deductions in computing net income for 
federal income tax purposes. 




Donald Adler 
Miss Frances Badger 
Mrs. Estelle Bogden 
Mrs. Irene C. S. Britting- 

University of Chicago 
Sr. Juan Dubernard 
Winson Elting 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 
Dr. Julian R. Goldsmith 
Fred Harvey Collection 
Mrs. Albert Heller 

E. D. Hester 
Leo C. Hogle 
Prof. Bert F. Hoselitz 
Dr. F. Clark Howell 
Miss Elizabeth E. Hoyt 
Lawrence Kaplan 
Mr. & Mrs. J. J. Klejman 
Christopher C. Legge 
Oriental Art Society 
Mrs. Robert H. Perkins 
Hyman A. Pierce 
Mrs. Elizabeth Prindl 

M. Drexel Rutherford 

Mrs. Daniel Sayad 

Prof. L. Scherman 

Mr. & Mrs. Robert Strotz 

Robert Trier 

Mrs. John Paul Welling 

Wenner-Gren Foundation 

for Anthropological 

Raymond Wielgus 
Raymond Wielgus 

Product Models, Inc. 


Holly Reed Bennett 
Botanical Museum and 

Herbarium, Utrecht 
Henry P. Butcher 
University of California 
Henry Dybas 
University of Florida 
Dr. F. R. Fosberg 
Mrs. Dorothy Gibson 
Dr. Hugh litis 
Instituto de Botanica 


Dr. B. F. Kukachka 
Charles Lancaster 
Kendall Laughlin 
Dr. W. S. G. Maass 
New York Botanical 

Dr. Peter Raven 
Dr. Jonathan Sauer 
Mrs. Josephine S. Sennett 
Dr. Earl E. Sherff 

Stephen Spongberg 

Stanford University 

Robert Stolze 

U. S. Forest Service 

Dr. Paul Voth 

Dr. J. G. Wessels-Boer 

Donald Windier 

University of Wisconsin 

World Life Research 

Yale University 


William Branson 
Brigham Young 

Kenneth Davenport 
Darwin De Camp 
Depth Chargers, Inc. 
Mrs. Italia de Soriano 
Mrs. Cecilia Duluk 
Dr. Margaret Elliott 
General Biological 

Supply House 
Gary Gilman 
Jerry Herdina 
Dr. Dieter Heymann 
George Hug 

Dr. W. Hilton Johnson 
Father Hilary Jurica 
Kenneth Kietzke 
Mr. & Mrs. James 

Dr. Ilija Krstanovic 
Peter Kruty 
John L. Lester 
Dr. Willard P. Leutze 
Don Marcum 
Miss Vera G. Nichols 
Matthew H. Nitecki 
Mrs. Herbert Pearson 
Stanley Prior 

Diego R. Rangel 
Dr. William Reeder 
St. Paul Science 

Ralph D. Sanderson 
Bruce Saunders 
James Snyder 
Welland States 
Greg Streveler 
James Turnbull 
U. S. Geological Survey 
Dr. Edward Webb 
R. E. Wilmer 
Mr. & Mrs. F. A. Wolflf 




Kraig Adler 
Brother Donald 

Allen, CSC 
Arthur Allyn 
Bernard Benesh, 

Estate of 
C. W. Benson 
E. Bergeron 
Bruce Bickel 
Gordon Blade 
Dr. Ronald A. Brandon 
British Museum 

(Natural History) 
Walter O. Cernohorsky 
Chicago Zoological 

P. K. Chin 
Cornell University 
Coryndon Museum 
Mrs. Freddie Curtis 
Francis de Maeyer 
Miss Diane deVry 
Dr. Robert W. Dickerman 
Prof. & Mrs. Lawrence S. 

Mrs. Irene E. Draper 
Stanley J. Dvorak 
Howard W. Ehrlinger 
Prof. Alfred Emerson 
Colonel F. C. Emerson 
E. C. Fernando 

Dr. Robert L. Fleming 
Foresta Institute for 

Ocean and Mountain 

Mrs. Anne Funkhauser 
Mrs. Joseph B. Girardi 
Dr. Fritz Haas 
Dr. Richard Highton 
Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 
Leslie Hubricht 
Paul C. Hutchison 
Instituto Nacional de 


Ralph Johnson 
Dr. David L. Jameson 
Harold Kerster 
Kenneth Kietzke 
F. Wayne King 
Dr. David Kistner 
Dr. Glen M. Kohls 
Dr. N. L. H. Krauss 
Dr. C. V. Kulkarni 
Lim Boo Liat 
Lincoln Park Zoological 

Shou-hsian Mao 
Allen Markezich 
J. P. McHale 

Middle America 

Research Unit 
Dr. William W. Milstead 
Museo Civ. di Storia 

Robert Nathanson 
National Museum of 

Daniel Parelius 
Karl Plath 
Dr. Ursula Rowlatt 
Abundio Sagastegui Alva 
Khosrow Sariri 
Senckenberg Museum 
Mrs. Ellen Thorne Smith 
Smithsonian Institution 


Sorting Center 
Miss Barbara Sodt 
Dr. G. Alan Solem 
Harrison R. Steeves 
Ray Summers 
Dr. Walter Suter 
Robert Talmadge 
Mrs. Margaret Teskey 
U. S. Fish and Wildlife 

R. Vogelpoel 
Harold K. Voris 
Dr. David B. Wake 
Dr. J. G. Williams 


Mrs. William J. Bowe 
Dr. In-Cho Chung 
Miss Margaret Conover 
Christopher C. Legge 

Dr. Joseph Curtis Moore 
Miss Marion Pahl 
University of 

Rhode Island 
E. Stanley Richardson 

Ernest Roscoe 
Dr. G. Alan Solem 
Herbert R. Strauss 
David Techter 
Robert Trier 
Chester D. Tripp 




Robert S. Adler Family 

Elizabeth Ahrens 
Edward Alexander 
Mrs. C. H. Angell 
Edwin C. Austin 
Dr. Edward Berkwits 
Mr. & Mrs. Bowen Blair 
William McCormick Blair 
John J. Bransfield, Jr. 
Mrs. Walther Buchen 
Susanmary Carpenter 
Peder A. Christensen 
Roy W. Clansky, Jr. 
Margaret B. Conover 
John S. Coulson 
Bernard G. Croonquist 
Mrs. D. Dwight Davis 
Mrs. E. Dempsey 
Frederick Dicus 
Mrs. Alex Dixon 
Mrs. Martha D. Dobbins 
Mr. & Mrs. Gaylord 

Thomas E. Donnelley II 
Elliott and Ann 

Donnelley Foundation 
Robert T. Drake 
Henry Dybas 
Dr. & Mrs. F. F. Enck 
Walter Erman 
Joseph N. Field 
Thomas B. Fifield 
James R. Getz 
Robert Gibbons 
Marion G. Gordon 
Bernard C. Graff t 
Dr. Clifford C. Gregg 
Dr. Fritz Haas 
Mrs. Charles C. Haffner, 

John F. Hayward 
John Hiebert 
Louise Hillmer 
Marion K. Hoffmann 

Mrs. Rodney Hood 
Mr. & Mrs. Byron Hosier 
Dr. Robert F. Inger 
Henry P. Isham 
Wyatt Jacobs 
Morris Johnson 
Leroy Jones 

Mr. & Mrs. J. P. Kastens 
Vera R. Kendig 
Robert J. Kennedy 
Martha A. Knieps 
Commander John F. 

Hymen Marx 
John L. Means 
Midwest Chinese Student 

and Alumni Services 
William H. Mitchell 
Mr. & Mrs. S. L. 

Florence J. Moore 
G. Walker Morgan 
Dr. M. Graham Netting 
Harvey S. Olson 
Glen R. Ostdick 
James L. Palmer 
John Shedd Reed 
Dr. Maurice L. 

Mrs. Katherine Field 

Lillian A. Ross 
Melville N. and Mary F. 

Rochschild Fund 
Mrs. Clive Runnells 
John Schmidt 
Mrs. Karl P. Schmidt 
Robert Schmidt 
Dr. Francis O. Schmitt 
Herbert H. Schupp 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles W. 

Barry E. Semer 
Eleanor Sheffner 

Elizabeth Sheffner 

Mr. & Mrs. Jack Shovey 

Hubert and Wilma 

Silberman Charitable 

John M. Simpson 
C. W. Smith 
Edward Byron Smith 
Mr. & Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap Smith 
Dr. and Mrs. Daniel 

Dr. G. Alan Solem 
Pearl Sonoda 
Mrs. John V. Spachner 
Sydney Stein, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. William S. 

Dr. & Mrs. Roy E. 

Stuart Talbot 
Oliver S. Turner 
University Guild of 

Walter F. Wallace, Jr. 
Mrs. Cyril L. Ward 
Mr. & Mrs. Louis Ware 
Leslie H. Warshell 
David G. Watrous 
E. Leland Webber 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur D. 

Welton, Jr. 
Wenner-Gren Foundation 

for Anthropological 

Ira E. Westbrook 
Bradford Wiles 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Miriam Wood 
Perry S. Woodbury 
Mrs. J. M. Zander 
Dr. Rainer Zangerl 
Mrs. Ernest Ziesler 
Kenneth V. Zwiener 




Chicago Community Trust 
R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company 
I Marshall Field & Company 

International Harvester Company 
The Northern Trust Company 
The Searle Foundation 
Standard Oil (Ind.) Foundation, Inc. 
Arthur Young and Company 
Zenith Radio Corporation 


Century Equipment Company 
Marshall Field & Company 
General Biological Supply House 
C. E. Gurley 
Sol Gurewitz 

International Harvester Company 
Wenner-Gren Foundation for 
Anthropological Research 


Museum Publications: Fieldiana 

CoRRELL, Donovan S. 

Supplement to Orchids of Guatemala and British Honduras. Fieldiana: Botany, 
vol. 31, no. 7, 46 pp., 2 illus. 

Glassman, S. F. 

Preliminary Studies in the Palm Genus Syagrus Mart, and Its Allies. Fieldiana: 
Botany, vol. 31, no. 5, 20 pp., 7 illus. 

Smith, C. Earle, Jr. 

Agriculture, Tehuacan Valley. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 3, 46 pp., 

16 illus. 
Flora, Tehuacan Valley. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 4, 20 pp., 18 illus. 

Williams, Louis O. 

Tropical American Plants, VII. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 6, 8 pp., 1 illus. 

HoRBACK, Henry, and Edward J. Olsen 

Catalog of the Collection of Meteorites in Chicago Natural History Museum. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 15, no. 3, 145 pp. 

NiTECKi, Matthew H. 

Catalogue of Type Specimens in Chicago Natural History Museum, Porifera. 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 13, no. 6, 35 pp. 

Reed, Charles A., and William D. Turnbull 

The Mammalian Genera Arctoryctes and Cryptoryctes from the Oligocene and 
Miocene of North America. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 15, no. 2, 72 pp., 21 illus. 

Simmons, David Jay 

The Non-Therapsid Reptiles of the Lufeng Basin, Yunnan, China. Fieldiana: 
vol. 15, no. 1, 89 pp., 12 illus. 

Caldwell, David K. 

A New Sparid Fish of the Genus Diplodus from Bermuda. Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 44, no. 23, 10 pp., 1 illus. 

Inger, Robert F., and Hymen Marx 

The Systematics and Evolution of the Oriental Colubrid Snakes of the Genus Cala- 
maria. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 49, 300 pp., 73 illus. 

Marx, Hymen, and George B. Rabb 

Relationships and Zoogeography of the Viperine Snakes (Family Viperidae). 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 44, no. 21, 46 pp., 18 illus. 

Moore, Joseph Curtis, and George H. H. Tate 

A Study of the Diurnal Squirrels, Sciurinae, of the Indian and Indochinese Sub- 
regions. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 48, 351 pp., 33 illus. 

Parkes, Kenneth C, and Emmet R. Blake 

Taxonomy and Nomenclature of the Bronzed Cowbird. Fieldiana: Zoology, 
vol. 44, no. 22, 10 pp. 

Seevers, Charles H. 

The Systematics, Evolution and Zoogeography of Staphylinid Beetles Associated 
with Army Ants (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) . Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 47, 
no. 2, 213 pp., 23 illus. 


Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin 

VOL 36, 1965 

Clark, John 

Lucky Accidents, no. 5, pp. 6-8, 3 illus. 

Collier, Donald 
New Conservation Laboratory Opened, 
no. 9, pp. 2-3, 4 illus. 

Howell, Meta 

The Museum Library in Transition, 
no. 5, pp. 2-3, 7, 2 illus. 

INGER, Robert 

Cold Blood, Warm Climate, no. 11, 
pp. 2-3, 3 illus. 

Nelson, Paula 

Australian Expedition Discovers Land 
mark Fossil Site, no. 4, pp. 4-5, 
8 illus. 
Olsen, Edward J. 

Our Geologic Age, no. 7, pp. 3-5, 8, 
2 illus. 
QuiMBY, George I. 

Plains Art from a Florida Prison, no. 
10, pp. 2-5, 7 illus., and cover pic- 

Exploring an Underwater Indian Site, 
no. 8, pp. 2-4, 5 illus. and cover 

Underwater Archeology in Lake Mich- 
igan, no. 6, pp. 2-3, 8, 1 illus. 

Rand, Austin L. 

The Flow of Information, Zoology's 

Newest Exhibit, no. 12, pp. 4-5, 
1 illus. 
The Turkey Vulture's Sense of Smell, 
no. 3, p. 8, 1 illus. 

Reinman, Fred M. 

Fishing in Oceania, no. 3, pp. 3-5, 

6 illus. 

Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

Our Sudden Spate of New Fossils, no. 1, 
pp. 6-8, 2 illus. 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

The Flemings of Kathmandu, no. 7, 
pp. 6-7, 1 illus. 

Williams, Louis 0. 
Plants Without Names, no. 2, p. 7, 

1 illus. 
Thorn Apples Are Not for Eating, 

no. 8, p. 5, 2 illus. 

Wood, Miriam 

Members' Children Explore the World 
of Nature, no. 1, pp. 2-3, 8 illus. 

Woodland, Bertram G. 
Mountain Building I, no. 11, pp. 5-8, 

7 illus. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

D. Dwight Davis, 1908-1965, no. 3, 
pp. 6-7, 1 illus. 

The New Anatomy of the Geology De- 
partment, no. 2, pp. 4-6, 3 illus. 

Other Publications of Staff Members 


Cole, Glen 

"Recent Archaeological Work in Southern Uganda." Uganda Journal, vol. 29, 
no. 1, 149-161 pp. 

Collier, Donald 

Review of Arqueologia de Manabi (by Emilio Estrada). American Antiquity, 

vol. 30, pp. 362-363. 
Review of Indian Art in Middle America (by Frederick J. Dockstader). 

American Antiquity, vol. 31, pp. 127-128. 

Collier, Donald, and William N. Fenton 

"Problems of Ethnological Research in North American Museums." Man, 
vol. 65, art. 100, pp. 111-112. 

Lewis, Phillip H. 

Comment in "The Concept of Primitive Applied to Art." Current Anthro- 
pology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 435-436. 

Martin, Paul S. 

Review of Southwestern Archaeology (by John C. McGregor). Science, Sep- 
tember, 1965, vol. 149, pp. 1490-1491. 


QuiMBY, George I. 

"An Indian Earthwork in Muskegon County, Michigan." The Michigan 

Archaeologist, vol. 11, nos. 3 and 4, September-December, pp. 165-169. 

Ann Arbor, Michigan. 
"The Voyage of the Griffin: 1679." Michigan History, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 97- 

107. Lansing, Michigan. 

SiROTO, Leon, and Irvin L. Child 

"BaKwele and American Esthetic Evaluations Compared." Ethnology, vol. 4, 
no. 4, pp. 340-360. 

Review of Senufo Sculpture from West Africa (by Robert Goldwater). Amer- 
ican Anthropologist, vol. 67, pp. 563-565. 

Starr, Kenneth 

"Inception of the Rubbing Technique: a Review." Symposium in Honor of i 
Dr. Li Chi on His Seventieth Birthday, pp. 281-301, pis. 1-3. ] 

Edwin, Gabriel. 

"Styloceras: South American Relative of Buxus," Boxwood Bulletin, vol. 5, 

no. 2, 27 pp. 
In Maguire, "Botany of the Guiana Highlands, Part VI" (Ilex), Mem. N. Y. 

Bot. Card., 12, pp. 124-150. 
"A New Peruvian Ilex," Brittonia, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 284, 285. 

Williams, Louis O. 

"The Story of Two Sterile Specimens," Ann. Mo. Bot. Gdn., vol. lii, no. 3, 
pp. 485, 486. 

NiTECKi, Matthew H. 

Review of Atlas and Glossary of Primary Sedimentary Structures. Jour. 

Geol., vol. 73, p. 682. 
A New Mississippian demosponge from Arkansas (abstract). Geol. Soc. Amer. 

Bull. 1965 Ann. Meet., pp. 114-5. 
"The Mood of the Undergraduate." Academic Forum, vol. 1, pp. 20-22. 

Olsen, Edward J. 

"Atomic Clocks and How They Work." Gems and Minerals Mag., vol. 27, 
pp. 60-63. 

Richardson, E. S., Jr. 

"Out of the Sea: the Life Story of a Continent." World Book Ency., Year 

Book, 1965, 22 pp., illustr. 
Review of Fossils in America (by Jay Ellis Ransom), The Quarterly Review 

of Biology, vol. 40, no. 4, p. 378. 

TuRNBULL, William D., Ernest Lundelius, Jr., and Ian McDougall 

"A Potassium-Argon dated Pliocene Marsupial Fauna from Victoria." Nature, 
vol. 206 no. 4986, p. 816. 
Woodland, Bertram G. 

"The Geology of the Burke Quadrangle, Vermont." Vermont Geol. Surv. 
Bull. no. 28, 151 pp., 72 illus. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

"Radiographic Techniques," pp. 305-320. 

"Galvanoplastic Reproduction of Fossils." pp. 413-420; 

In: Handbook of Paleontological Techniques, Kummel and Raup, edit., Free- 
man & Co., San Francisco, 1965. 


Blake, Emmet R. 

Review of "The Birds of Colombia" (by R. Meyer de Schauensee). The Auk, 
vol. 82, pp. 516-518. 

FooDEN, Jack 

*Rhesus and Crab-Eating Macaques: Intergradation in Thailand." Science, 
vol. 143, no. 3604, pp. 363-365, 1 table, 2 figs. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

"The Importance of Taxonomy in Primate Research and Care." Bulletin 
Illinois Society for Medical Research — Chicago Branch — Animal Care Panel, 
no. 39, pp. 2 (unnumbered). 

"Primate Research and Systematics." Science, vol. 147, no. 3662, pp. 1156- 

INGER, Robert F. and William Hosmer 

"New Species of Scincid Lizards of the Genus Sphenomorphus from Sarawak." 
Israel Journal of Zoology, vol. 14, pp. 134-140. 

Moore, Joseph Curtis 

"D. Dwight Davis." Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 371-372. 

"Rebuttal on Identification of Mesoplodon specimen from North Long Branch, 
New Jersey." Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 46, no. 4, p. 701. 

Moore, Joseph Curtis, and Raymond M. Gilmore 

"A Beaked Whale New to the Western Hemisphere." Nature, vol. 205, 
no. 4977, pp. 1239-1240. 

Rand, Austin L. 

Italian edition of Birds in Summer (first published in 1962, Encyclopedia Brit- 
tanica Press), 31 pp. 

"Gulls and Terns — Family Laridae." Chapter in Water, Prey and Game Birds 
of North America, by Alexander Wetmore and Other Eminent Ornitholo- 
gists, National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C, pp. 376-397, 43 

Review of The Birds of the Palearctic Fauna. A Systematic Reference. Non- 
Passeriformes (by Charles Vaurie) . Natural History Magazine, vol. LXXIV, 
no. 10, pp. 8-9. 

♦"Preface," p. 6; "Asity," pp. 65-66; "Bird of Paradise," pp. 97-98; "Cuckoo- 
roller," pp. 171-172; "Ground Roller," pp. 342-343; "Mesite," pp. 454-455; 
"Drongo," pp. 850-851. In A New Dictionary of Birds (edited by A. Lands- 
borough Thompson). [London and New York.] 

*"Gnatcatcher and Kinglets: Family Sylviidae," in Song and Garden Birds of 
North America (edited by Alexander Wetmore). [National Geographic So- 
ciety , pp. 222-227. 

♦Review of Host Relationships of the Parasitic Cowbirds (by Herbert Fried- 
mann). The Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 39, p. 194. 

SoLEM, Alan 

"Land Snails of the Genus Amphidromus from Thailand (Mollusca: Pulmo- 
nata: Camaenidae)." Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 
vol. 117, no. 3519, pp. 615-628, 2 pis. 

*"Adelopoma costaricense Bartsch and Morrison, 1942, Not an Inhabitant of 
the United States," in Nautilus, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 68-69 (with Fritz Haas). 

*"Aminopina, an Australian Enid Land Snails," The Veliger, vol. 6, no. 3. 
pp. 115-120, 4 text figs. 


Traylor, Melvin a. 

"A Collection of Birds from Barotseland and Bechuanaland." The Ibis, 

vol. 107, pp. 137-172, 357-384. 
"First Male of Ploceus ocularis tenuirostris." Bulletin of the British Ornithol- 
ogists Club, vol. 85, pp. 115-116. 
"Winter Dress of Cisticolalchinianalbensoni." Bulletin of the British Ornithol- 
ogists Club, vol. 85, pp. 135-136. 
Review of The Birds of Natal and Zululand (by P. A. Clancey). The Wilson 

Bulletin, vol. 77, pp. 209-211. 
Review of A Check List of the Birds of the Bechuanaland Protectorate (by 

R. H. N. Smithers). The Ibis, vol. 107, p. 408. 
Review of Die Wirbeltiere des Kamerungebirges (by M. Eisentraut). The 

Auk, vol. 82, pp. 665-666. 
Review of The FrancoUns, a Study in Speciation (by Mrs. B. P. Hall). The 

Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 40, no. 1, p. 84. 
*"A New Race of Estrilda atricapilla Verreaux." Bulletin of the British Orni- 
thologists Club, vol. 84, pp. 64-65. 
*"A Peculiar Mutant Sunbird." Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club, 

vol. 84, pp. 11-15. 
*"Three New Birds from Africa." Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club, 

vol. 84, pp. 81-84. 
*Review of a Revised Check List of African Flycatchers, Tits, Tree Creepers, 
Sunbirds, White-eyes, Honey Eaters, Buntings, Finches, Weavers and Wax- 
bills (by C. M. N. White). The Auk, vol. 81, pp. 565-566. 
*"Ticks (Ixodidae) on Migrating Birds in Egypt, Spring and Fall 1962." Bulle- 
tin of the World Health Organization, vol. 30, pp. 355-367. [with Harry 
Hoogstraal et al.] 

Traylor, Melvin A., and Robert C. Hart 

"Some Interesting Birds from Barotseland." The Puku, Occasional Papers, 
Department of Game and Fisheries, Zambia, no. 3, pp. 133-141, 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

"Family Streblidae." A Catalogue of Diptera of America North of Mexico 

(edited by Alan Stone, et al.), Agric. Handbook no. 276, Agric. Res. Service, 

U. S. Department of Agriculture, p. 921. 
"Family Nycteribiidae." Ibid., p. 922. 

Woods, Loren P. 

"A New Squirrel Fish, Adioryx poco, of the Family Holocentridae from the 
Bahama Islands." Notulae Naturae, no. 377, pp. 1-5, 1 illus. 


RoscoE, Ernest J. 

"Elementary and Secondary Geological Education at the Chicago Natural 
History Museum." Journal of Geological Education, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 9-12. 

"Extracurricular Geology Programs at Chicago Natural History Museum." 
Journal of Geological Educdtion, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 55. 

"Ivory Tower, Main Street and the Dynamic Janus — The Science Teacher in 
Modern Society." Turtox News, vol. 43, pp. 216-217. 

Review of The Land and Wildlife of Africa (by Archie Carr). American 
Midland Naturalist, vol. 73, p. 504. 

Review of Animal Behavior (by Niko Tinbergen). American Midland Nat- 
uralist, vol. 74, pp. 253-254. 

♦Published in 1964, but not previously listed in the Annual Report. 


Board of Trustees, 1965 

James L. Palmer, President 

Clifford C. Gregg, First Vice-President 

Joseph N. Field, Second Vice-President 

BowEN Blair, Third Vice-President 

Edward Byrox Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 

E. Leland Webber, Secretary 


Lester Armour 
Harry O. Bercher 
BowEN Blair 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
Walter J. Cummings 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field* 
Clifford C. Gregg 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
Remick McDowell 

J. RoscoE Miller 
William H. Mitchell 
James L. Palmer 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
John Shedd Reed 
John G. Searle 
John M. Simpson 
Edward Byron Smith 
Louis Ware 
J. Howard Wood 


William V. Kahler 

* Deceased 


Staff, 1965 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Director 


Donald Collier, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator Emeritus 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Phillip H. Lewis, M.A., Curator, Primitive Art 

Fred M. Reinman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Leon Siroto, M.A., Assistant Curator, African Ethnology 

Glen H. Cole, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Prehistory 

Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection 

Christopher C. Legge, M.A., Custodian of Collections 

Joyce A. Korbecki, Assistant 

GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 

Theodore Halkin, B.F.A., M.S., Artist 

Walter C. Reese, Preparator 

Christine S. Danziger, M.S., Conservator 

Agnes M. Fennell, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Philip J. C. Dark, Ph.D., Research Associate, African Ethnology 

Fred Eggan, Ph.D., Research Associate, Ethnology 

J. Eric Thompson, Dipl. Anth. Camb., Research Associate, Central American 

George L Quimby, M.A., Research Associate, North American Archaeology and 

James R. Getz, B.A., Field Associate 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate 


Louis 0. Williams, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

John R. Millar, Chief Curator Emeritus 

William C. Burger, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Gabriel Edwin, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Patricio Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Dorothy Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium 

Robert G. Stolze, B.S., Herbarium Assistant 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator H 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter Huebner, Preparator 

Walter L. Boyer, B.F.A., Artist 

Sandra Biermann, Departmental Secretary, Botany 

1 on leave 


Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Sidney F. Glassman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Palms 
E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Ing. Agr. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate 


Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Curator, Mineralogy 

Bertram G. Woodland, Ph.D., Curator, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology 

John Clark, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Sedimentary Petrology 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits 

Henry Horback, Assistant 

Henry U. Taylor, Preparator 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

William D. Turnbull, Associate Curator, Fossil Mammals 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Matthew N. Nitecki, M.A., Assistant Curator of Fossil Invertebrates 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Tibor Perenyi, Ph.D., Artist 

Winifred Reinders, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Ralph G. Johnson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleoecology 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Wabring, B.S., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Robert F. Mueller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

J. Marvin Weller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Stratigraphy 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 


Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Sc.D., Chief Curator 

Joseph Curtis Moore, Ph.D., Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hbrshkovitz, M.S., Research Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Associate Curator, Birds 

M. DiANNE Maurer, A.B., Assistant, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Associate Curator, Reptiles 


LOREN P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Ph.D., Curator, Insects 

Hexry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Lower Invertebrates 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

Karel F. Liem, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Mario Villa, Tanner 

Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist 

Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist 

Wanda O. Harrison, A.B., Departmental Secretary 

Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Sc.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

George B. Rabb, Ph.D., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ronald Singer, D.Sc, Research Associate, Mammalian Anatomy 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Charles F. Nadler, M.D., Associate, Mammals 

Harry G. Nelson, B.S., Associate, Insects 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 

Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 

Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 

William S. Street, Field Associate 

Janice K. Street, Field Associate 

Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 
David A. Ross, B.S.A., Preparator 
Ronald Lambert, Preparator 
Lido Lucchesi, Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 


Miriam Wood, M.A,, Chief Edith Fleming, M.A. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. George R. Fricke, B.S., 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S. 

Elda B. Herbert, M.A., Secretary 


Meta p. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 

W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A., Associate Librarian 

Bertha W. Gibbs, B.A., B.S. in L.S., Reference and Inter-library 
loan Librarian 

Eugenia Jang, Serials Librarian 

Chih-wei Pan, M.S., Cataloguer 

Yoo L Peal, B.A., As.sistant Cataloguer 


Edward G. Nash, A.B., Editor 
Beatrice Paul, B. A., 'Assistant 


Kathleen Wolff, A.B., Associate Public Relations Counsel 

Lois M. Buenger, B.A., in charge 

Norman W. Nelson, B.S., C.P.A., Business Manager 
James L Goodrich, Assistant to the Director 
Helen B. Christopher, Secretary to the President 
Susanmary Carpenter, B.A., Secretary to the Director 
Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 
Jessie Dudley, Receptionist 


Marion K. Hoffmann, Auditor 
Eleanor Sheffner, Assistant Auditor 
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 
WiLLLAM J. Wallace, Cashier If 
Louise S. Hillmer, Bookkeeper 
Milton Beckwith, Cashier 


Uno M. Lake, A.B., Manager 

% on leave 


Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 

John Bayalis, Photographer 
Homer V. Holdren, Associate 
Ferdinand Huysmans, Dipl.A., Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

John W. Mover, in charge 

Harold M. Grutzmacher, in charge 


James R. Shouba, Building Superintendent 

Division of Maintenance 

GusTAV A. NOREN, Superintendent of Maintenance 

Division of Engineering 
Leonard Carrion, Chief Engineer 
Jacques L. Pulizzi, Assistant Chief Engineer 


George A. Lamoureux, Captain 


Volunteer workers provided considerable help to the Museum 
staff in the past year. Some of them are listed as Research Asso- 
ciates and Associates in the Staff List. Others include: Mrs. Alice 
Burke, Miss Diane De Vry, Stanley J. Dvorak, Russell Getz, Mrs. 
Joseph B. Girardi, James Granath, Sol Gurewitz, Mrs. Nancy Mahl- 
man, Leo Plas, Mrs. Robert Pringle, Mrs. Alice K. Schneider, Mrs. 
Helen Strotz, and William Walker. The Museum thanks them for 
their energetic and devoted aid.