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nnual Report 1965
ield Museum of Natural History
On March 1, 1966, The Museum re-
sumed its former name of Field Mu-
seum of Natural History. We have
used our "new" and more familiar
name in this 1965 Annual Report.
MARSHALL FIELD IV
Field Museum of Natural History
HAT IS A MUSEUM? If ten individuals were asked,^ — either mu-
seum professionals or laymen — undoubtedly ten quite varying replies
would be received. This is not surprising, nor is it necessarily a
matter for concern, for a great American museum today is many
things to many people. In this respect it is almost unique among
our educational and cultural institutions. If ten respondents were
to sit in discussion of their respective definitions, one clear and in-
escapable conclusion would emerge — that a museum has, probably in
as great a degree as any other secular institution, the power to alter
individual lives. It is tempting, in a large metropolitan museum with
millions of visitors, to think in terms of thousands instead of individ-
ual persons, but in viewing the forest and missing the trees we lose
sight of the deeply individual impact of a museum.
A graphic example of this Museum's effect in children's formative
years came to attention recently, when the chairman of the depart-
ment of biology at one of our great universities said to me, "You
know, my first interest in biology was stimulated by the small cases*
you circulated years ago to the schools. I have always had a great
affection for the Field Museum as a consequence." Last summer a
student working with the aid of a General Biological Supply House
"Turtox Scholarship" wrote, "My months with the Museum will
* N. W. Harris Public School Extension exhibits
always represent to me one of the most profitable periods of my life,
and I feel that such an experience could not fail to benefit the lives
of many others, if they were given the opportunity."
In November a young Navy medical scientist wrote from Viet
Nam, "Might I take this opportunity to thank the management and
staff of Chicago Natural History Museum for the opportunites and
experiences I gained as an employee and volunteer in the summers of
'57, '59 and '63. I'll always hold Chicago as the beginning of my
zoological career." A mother wrote in July, "Knowing we have our
Museum helps ease the burden of teaching our deaf son about the
world around him which eludes him sometimes. Teaching him the
various species of animals, explaining the hows of a volcano, the why
of a meteorite, the when of a dinosaur has been so much easier to show
him as well as our hearing sons and daughter."
The continual participation of people in various departmental
programs emerges throughout the following pages. Graduate stu-
dents on expedition or engaged in research projects in collaboration
with our scientific staff; scientists — from more than 30 countries and
most of the United States, in 1965; high ability high school students
attending the Holiday Science Lectures; school groups participating
in such Raymond Foundation workshops as "Animals Without Back-
bones;" teachers attending a summer institute in geology at the
Museum — all are integral to answering, "What is a Museum?"
These and our other visitors combined to increase attendance to
1,565,189 — continuing a seven-year upward trend. Almost the en-
tire 33^^% increase over 1964 can be attributed to increased school
As stated in the last several Annual Reports, the Museum enjoys
almost unparalleled opportunities to broaden and strengthen its pro-
gram in exhibition, education, research. The principal requirement,
plainly stated, is radically increased annual income for both operating
and capital expenses. Adequate income is not likely to be derived
from any single source; it is thus essential that logical areas of respon-
sibility be delineated. Our four major categories of operating expense
are (1) operation of the building as a public exhibition museum;
(2) exhibit revision; (3) scientific program; (4) educational program.
For many years, a major portion of the cost of the first category has
been covered by tax support through the Chicago Park District.
The Commissioners of the Park District have been most helpful and
sensitive to the needs of the Chicago museums. In late 1965 a very
necessary increase in the levy was voted, funds from which increase
will become available in 1967. Exhibit revision and our scientific and
educational programs have traditionally been funded primarily from
endowment income. It is quite clear, however, that the scientific
activities of the Museum have grown to such a point that they tran-
scend any logical level of local support. Increased federal support
of our scientific program through grants from the National Science
Foundation during the last ten years has been of inestimable value
in preserving our research output. Even more recently, support from
the Office of Naval Research, the National Institutes of Health, and
the Office of the Surgeon General, United States Army, have broad-
ened the federal contribution. This conforms to the pattern that has
similarly emerged in the universities and independent research insti-
tutions of the country during a comparable period.
In summary, a dynamic and balanced program can be achieved
by the Museum through continuation of Park District support, aug-
mented local support from diverse segments of the community, and
radically increased federal support of our nationally significant scien-
Good progress was made during 1965 in enlarging our non-govern-
mental base of support. Outstanding among the gifts received were
those of Mr. John M. Simpson, the Searle Foundation, Henry P.
Isham, William H. Mitchell, Joseph N. Field, Marshall Field & Com-
pany, International Harvester Foundation, Wenner-Gren Founda-
tion, Mr. and Mrs. William S. Street, and The Chicago Community
Trust (Ruth Jones Allison Fund and John G. and Frances Searle
Fund). A bequest of $1,000,000 from the late Stanley Field was the
capstone of nearly sixty years of devoted service to the Museum and
the natural sciences. A full list of those who contributed other than
membership funds during the year is carried later in the report. Grate-
ful appreciation is expressed to all who helped to build a better mu-
seum through their generous gifts to the funds and to the collections.
A severe loss was suffered in September through the death of
Marshall Field. As a Trustee he maintained close touch with the
Museum. His untimely death deprived Chicago and the Museum
of many years of leadership. Two Trustees were elected at the De-
cember meeting of the Board, Mr. Harry O. Bercher, President of
International Harvester Corporation, and Mr. Remick McDowell,
Chairman of the Board of the Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company.
Two organizational changes during the year were important steps
toward our goals for the future. The first was the consolidation of
all financial operations of the Museum under the administrative juris-
diction of Mr. Norman W. Nelson, Business Manager, who was ap-
pointed on February 1. The second was the estabhshment of a
Department of Planning and Development to coordinate various
phases of institutional development, including public relations, mem-
bership, and all other activities which communicate the Museum's
program to the public. The appointment of Mr. Robert E. Coburn
as Development Officer to head this department was announced in
November to take effect January 1, 1966. Both the staff additions
and the centralized administrative responsibilities thus created will
greatly strengthen the Museum in the years ahead.
As planning in all aspects of our work progresses, one common
concern is the Museum building, now almost 50 years old. Moderni-
zation of exhibits, restaurants, and educational service, and research
areas all depend on allocation of space and correction of certain basic
factors of obsolescence and deterioration. Since many of the prob-
lems confronting us were highly technical in nature, a firm of con-
sulting engineers, John F. Dolio & Associates, was engaged to aid in
preparing a comprehensive building survey. Preliminary work had
been completed at year end.
Any review of a major metropolitan area education program,
whether within the formal school structure or extracurricular, must
take as its point of departure the juxtaposition of appalling needs and
limited resources. A typical example is the increase of 60% in or-
ganized group visitation to the Museum during the last two years.
This very welcome increase in usage leaves us in an inescapable quan-
dary. Our facilities and staff are clearly inadequate to handle such
increased attendance, yet our responsibilities to the community are
equally clear. The needed improvements in the building mentioned
earlier impinge directly on this problem. Also needed are new ap-
proaches to our educational services which can only be developed in
close correlation with the schools. Minimal collaborative steps have
been begun, but we hope for more consistent and positive action.
To gain insight into ways in which the educational resources of
the Museum can be most effectively utilized in meeting the problems
of the culturally disadvantaged children of the Chicago area, Mr.
Ernest Roscoe, of The Raymond Foundation, was assigned as a re-
search associate. Urban Child Center of the University of Chicago,
under the general direction of Dr. R. D. Hess. The five-month study
was extremely helpful in focusing attention on problem areas to which
we should be directing thought and action. There is much to be done.
Another new program was a six-day summer course in earth science
presented to elementary school teachers during July. This pilot
course was well received, with the result that a six-week course has
been planned for the summer of 1966. Financial support has been
granted for the expanded program by National Science Foundation.
The fourth annual Holiday Science Lectures, presented in collab-
oration with the AAAS, with financial support from the NSF, offered
a particularly distinguished speaker. Dr. Polykarp Kusch, Professor
of Physics at Columbia University and 1955 Nobel Prize winner for
physics. Dr. Kusch's series of four lectures entitled "The Magnetic
Dipole Moment of the Electron," was given to several hundred high-
ability high school students from the metropolitan area.
Aside from these selected examples, the traditional internal and
extension educational programs continued at an accelerated pace.
Special Exhibits and Programs
Two musical events were among the outstanding programs pre-
sented at the Museum during the year. The Indiana University
School of Music initiated a concert series in James Simpson Theatre
which met with immediate popular and critical acclaim. Two con-
certs by the Park District's Children's Orchestra were also held at
Other programs specifically designed for children were the Chi-
cago Area Science Fair and Chicago Latin Day, both held in May.
The two events demonstrated the achievements of Chicago high
school students in scientific projects and classical languages.
A number of shows were held through the year. In February,
the Museum and the Chicago Nature Camera Club held the annual
Chicago International Exhibition on Nature Photography. The
May exhibit of children's art from the Junior School of the Art In-
stitute, the June Chicago Shell Club and the Amateur Handcrafted
Gem and Jewelry exhibits delighted Museum visitors. In Novem-
ber, the Illinois Orchid Society presented its annual orchid show,
filling the Museum's Hall 9 with hundreds of the colorful tropical
blossoms. As it has for many years, the Museum continued its sup-
port of the many naturalist groups in the Chicago area, such as the
Audubon society, the Chicago Shell Club, the Kennicott Club and
THE SCIENTIFIC DEPARTMENTS
The Scientific Departments of a large museum must operate on a
number of levels and in many directions in a successful year. Col-
lecting, field study, laboratory research, writing, educating, care and
preservation of collections, exhibit planning and development of the
Departmental resources are all essential activities. The work of the
Department of Anthropology in 1965 is a fine illustration of this.
Chief Curator Donald Collier played an active role on the Com-
mittee on Anthropological Research in Museums of the American
Anthropological Association. A predoctoral fellowship program to
increase the quantity and quality of ethnological research in museum
collections throughout the United States was worked out with the
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, which is
generously subsidizing the program for a five-year period.
In another educational program, designed to develop students of
Anthropology on an undergraduate level. Chief Curator Emeritus
Paul S. Martin trained eight students in the theory and practice of
archaeology at the Museum's Field Station, Vernon, Arizona, as part
of his summer research program. A pre-pottery site was investigated
High-tcheeled chariot and riders, rubbing of tomb relief
Southwest China, Latter Han Period, 2nd century A. D.
and the present evidence indicates it was occupied around 500 B.C.
The training program, supported by the Undergraduate Participation
Program of the National Science Foundation, acquainted the stu-
dents not only with the technical side of a dig — laying out grids, dig-
ging test trenches, sorting and cleaning artifacts, etc. — but with the
rigors, stresses and joys of camp life on a dig in difficult country and
climate. The summer program is the sort of introduction to field
work which many archaeologists never experience until well into
their graduate studies.
University courses rounded out the Department's educational
effort. Dr. Collier, George I. Quimby, Curator, North American
Ethnology and Archaeology until September, and later Research
Associate in the same fields. Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator, Asian Eth-
nology and Archaeology, taught courses in their fields at the Uni-
versity of Chicago.
Mr. Quimby made an aerial survey of parts of Lake Michigan and
Lake Superior, in a plane piloted by Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Fifield of
Milwaukee, who graciously volunteered their help in Mr. Quimby's
project. They were searching for underwater archaeological sites and
for the hulk of La Salle's trading ship, the Griffin, the first sailing ves-
sel on Lake Michigan, lost in a September storm in 1679. Later in
the year, the Fifields and their son, C. Sprague Taylor, joined Mr.
Quimby, James Getz, Field Associate of the Museum, Dr. James
Fitting of the University of Michigan and others in investigating one
such underwater site, an Indian village at Naomikong Point on the
south shore of Lake Superior. They recovered pottery, hearths and
stone tools to a distance of 100 feet from the beach. The village was
of the Middle Woodland period, occupied about the time of Christ
and subsequently submerged by the rising level of the lake.
In June, Dr. Fred Reinman, Assistant Curator, Oceanic Archae-
ology and Ethnology, left for Guam, in the Marianas, on a thirteen-
month field trip. He was accompanied by his family, and later joined
by Peter Newcomer, a graduate student at the University of Chicago,
Reinman's field assistant. After a reconnaissance in which they
found, mapped and studied more than 120 sites, they settled down
to the excavation of selected sites on the coast and in the interior of
the island. The work was supported by National Science Foundation.
The sorely needed revision of exhibits in Hall C on the Stone Age
of the Old World and an inventory of Field Museum's extensive Old
World prehistory collections occupied newly appointed Dr. Glen Cole,
Assistant Curator of Prehistory. Another new staff member, Leon
Siroto, Assistant Curator of African Ethnology, worked on a reor-
ganization of the African collections, with the help of Mrs. Helen
Strotz, a volunteer. Basing his studies on his field work among the
BaKwele people of the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), Mr.
Siroto is examining the use of masks in the political systems of
traditional African societies.
The reorganization was only a part of the maintenance of our vast
collections. Five years of preparation were climaxed in 1965 by the
formal opening of the Robert R. McCormick Conservation Labora-
tory. As research continues and new equipment is added to the
laboratory, methods of preservation and conservation are becoming
increasingly sophisticated and useful. A specialized conservation
project was carried on by Dr. Hoshien Tchen, Consultant on the
East Asian Collection, with the advice of Mr. Harold Tribolet of
R. R. Donnelley and Sons, Chicago, a nationally known authority
on the conservation of paper. Dr. Tchen is concerned with the pres-
ervation of the Museum's outstanding collection of Chinese rubbings.
The research on the Department of Botany's two massive and
historically important floristic studies moved ahead in 1965. Mrs.
Dorothy Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium, and Dr. Gabriel Ed-
win, Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants, worked on several families
of the Flora of Peru, a monumental work giving all the known plants
of Peru, which the Museum began publishing in 1936, and which
now contains over 6,000 printed pages in Fieldiana: Botany. Chief
Curator Louis Williams worked on the Flora of Guatemala, a project
begun in the late 1940s, now numbering some 2,500 published pages.
The botanically little-known Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming
were the site of a field trip by Dr. Ponce de Leon, Assistant Curator,
Cryptogamic Herbarium and Mr. Robert Stolze, Herbarium Assis-
tant, who collected both fungi and flowering plants and added greatly
to the usefulness of the Museum collections from that area.
The major field work, as usual, took place in Central America,
where an expedition, headed by Dr. Williams, collected in Guate-
mala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Mrs. Williams, Mrs.
Gibson, Sr. Antonio Molina, Field Associate, and Mr. Chester Las-
kowski, a graduate student at the University of Michigan who has
worked with the Department of Botany for several years, were in the
field for more than two months.
1965 was the fourth year of a projected five-year cooperative study
undertaken with Escuela Agricola Panamericana, in Tegucigalpa,
Honduras. Sr. Molina, on the staff of the school, and an extremely
capable and hardworking field botanist, is responsible for much of
the success of the program to date.
Other programs in Central America involved cooperation with the
University of California, Los Angeles and the National Museum of
Costa Rica. Dr. Williams has been working with Investigaciones de
los Recursos Agricolas y Forestales de la Costa Atlantica (Nicaragua),
a project of the United Nations; he has been identifying the plant
material generated by the program.
The Museum joined in very interesting and important project
initiated by the Forest Products Laboratory, United States Forest
Service, to study the woods of Peru. The Museum determined the
trees in the study from extensive collections, made from selected trees
at different times in the year, and supervised the distribution of dupli-
cate specimens. A related program with Servicio Forestal y de Caza,
Lima, Peru, is a study of tropical forestry. The tropical forests of
South America must be counted among the greatest and least used
natural resources left to man and cooperative studies on the develop-
ment, conservation, and proper utilization of these forests will prove
important not only to the American republics but to the world in
Seventy-five accessions increased the Museum's Herbarium by
some 42,000 specimens. Of these, nearly 28,000 came from the Cen-
tral American collecting of the Department of Botany, and over 6,000
from collecting in the Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming. Many
other specimens were gifts and exchanges.
In the Hall of Useful Plants (Hall 28), models of more than fifty
kinds of fruit were exhibited. The fruits are shown in groups accord-
ing to the basic structure of the flowers that produced them and illus-
trate the wide, and sometimes deceptive, variety of forms that result
from selective development or suppression of one or more parts of the
usual floral anatomy as the fruit matures.
Iparia National Forest, Amazonian Peru
1965 was a year of consolidation and assimilation in the Depart-
ment of Geology, after the addition of a large new storage area and
the refurbishing of laboratories and offices. The collections have been
transferred to their new location, along with the very large Walker
collection from the University of Chicago, the cataloging of which
will take many years of continuous effort.
Chief Cuator Rainer Zangerl completed a manuscript describing
a small shark from the Mecca and Logan Quarry shales of west-
central Indiana. The shark presents some interesting implications
about the origin of bone in vertebrate animals. Translation and
editorial work also occupied the Chief Curator's time. Among other
works, he is translating the unpublished "Comparative Odontology"
by the late Professor Bernhard Peyer of the University of Zurich.
The book will be published by the University of Chicago Press.
Joining the staff at the end of June, Mr. Matthew Nitecki, Assist-
ant Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, has been engaged in the study of
various fossil sponges. The Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, Eugene
Richardson, is studying the coal age fossils of the strip mines of north-
ern Illinois. As in years past, the amateur collectors interested in
this area have been an important aid to Richardson's scientific work.
Richardson completed the scientific description of a small, worm-like
fossil long known in the area as the "Tully Monster," because it was
first found by an amateur collector, Mr. Francis Tully, of Lockport,
Illinois. The official scientific name now also honors Mr. Tully, and
the worm is known as Tullimonstrum gregarium.
Another amateur, in a quite different aspect of Geology, has been
the source of a number of large new gem stones in the Hall of Gems.
Using rough material furnished by the Museum, Mr. Walter Kean
of Riverside, Illinois, faceted six handsome stones with great skill.
He has been working with the Curator of Mineralogy, Edward Olsen,
whose research on several aspects of the chemistry of meteorites, con-
ducted with Dr. Robert Mueller, Research Associate, has resulted in
three papers on meteorites.
Bertram Woodland, Curator of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrol-
ogy, continued to work on the microstructures of the metamorphic
rocks of the Royalton area in Vermont and the Central Black Hills
of South Dakota. With Mr. Doy Zachry, formerly of the University
of Arkansas, Woodland, Richardson and Zangerl engaged in a coop-
erative project on the lithology of the Mississippian Fayetteville shale
The Curator of Fossil Fishes, Robert H. Denison, produced a
manuscript on a peculiar jawless fish, Cardipeltis, based on the first
known articulated specimen from the Lower Devonian (about 400
million years ago) of Wyoming. In a continuing study of Ordovician
vertebrates he collected and studied for several weeks in the Canon
City area of Colorado.
Seventeen years of study, mostly in the Big Badlands of South
Dakota, on the geography and climate of that area during the Oligo-
cene (38-26 million years ago) brought Dr. John Clark, Curator of
Sedimentary Petrology, to the completion of a manuscript on the
subject in 1965.
Associate Curator of Fossil Mammals, William D. Tumbull, has
been engaged in two major studies. The first is a comparative ana-
tomical and functional analysis of the main adaptive types of chewing
apparatus in mammals; the other is a descriptive and analytic study
of the Potassium-Argon dated Grange Burn Pliocene mammal fauna
in Australia. This work continues the cooperative effort with Dr.
Ernest Lundelius of the University of Texas, which began with the
1963-64 Australian Paleontological Expedition.
An elaborate and extremely sensitive security system was in-
stalled in the Hall of Gems in 1965, under the direction of Harry
Changnon, Curator of Exhibits. The system gives 24-hour protec-
tion to the many valuable stones in the collection.
Top, Mississippian crinoids, from Iowa; middle, skull of Gorgosaurus, from the
Cretaceous, found in Alberta, Canada; bottom, section of calico sandstone.
Female Argiope argentata tvilh prey. Male spider is at lower right. Photo taken
by Associate Curator Hymen Marx on a recent Field Trip to Barro Colorado Island,
The widespread and varied activities of the Department of Zool-
ogy, the largest scientific department in the Museum, are most easily
reported Division by Division. In general, some 80,000 specimens
were added to the Departmental collections; the majority of these,
predictably, were insects and lower invertebrates. A new exhibit,
"The Flow of Information," was prepared and opened under the
supervision of Chief Curator Austin L. Rand. The exhibit gives a
graphic presentation of the way scientific work develops from pri-
mary data to philosophic treatise and popular book.
DIVISION OF MAMMALS— The major event of the year was the
W. S. and J. K. Street Expedition to Afghanistan. Preparations
began in February, and the group, which included Expedition Fel-
lows Jerry Hassinger and Hans Neuhauser, left for Afghanistan on
June 23. They were joined in Kabul by Dr. Robert Lewis of the
American University of Beirut and his graduate student Mr. Sana
Atallah, who were appointed Medical Entomologist and Expedition
Preparator, respectively. The Expedition was extraordinarily suc-
cessful : over 2,000 mammals were taken, along with many thousands
of lice, mites, ticks and fleas associated with the mammals. Reptiles,
snails and ecologically important plants were also collected. The
final results of the Expedition, to be prepared by various experts,
will be published in the Museum's Fieldiana series, and the informa-
tion, particularly about the mammals and their ectoparasites, will be
of great scientific and medical importance.
At the Museum, various research projects continued during the
year. Curator Joseph Moore worked on the living genera of Beaked
Whales and Research Curator Philip Hershkovitz, under a contract
with the National Institutes of Health, accelerated his definitive
study of marmosets. Mr. Hershkovitz, whose work with the
Public Health Service concerning Bolivian hemorrhagic fever was
mentioned in last year's Report, did some similar work for Dr. R.
H. L. Disney of British Honduras, who is working on the epidemic
disease Leishmaniasis, in which some rodents are implicated. Asso-
ciate Jack Fooden completed a four-month study trip to the museums
of Europe in connection with his revision of the genus Macaca, the
monkeys which play the most vital role in biological research. Asso-
ciate Charles Nadler, who is investigating the value of the number
and morphology of chromosomes as a taxonomic tool in studying the
relationships among species of North American ground squirrels,
spent three weeks walking through the Brooks Range in Alaska,
with pack dogs and Eskimo guides, gathering material for his studies.
DIVISION OF BIRDS— The 3,300 species and 8,200 races of birds
currently recognized for Central and South America occupied Cura-
tor Emmet R. Blake, as he completed reference files and preliminary
studies for his Manual of Neotropical Birds, supported by a National
Science Foundation grant. Including descriptions, diagnoses, ranges,
recent synonyms, etc., the Manual is a basic reference work planned
as an aid to the taxonomist, zoogeographer and parasitologist work-
ing in the field or laboratory.
Associate Curator Melvin A. Traylor completed a critical study
of a large collection of birds from Szechwan, China, acquired by the
Museum in the early 1930s. The report, scheduled for publication
in the Fieldiana series, is expected to be of wide interest since the
collection, of some 1,800 birds, was one of the last of any consequence
to reach the Western World from China. Mr. Traylor also aided
Daniel Parelius, the 17-year-old son of an American missionary in
the Ivory Coast of Africa. Parelius wrote to the Museum, offering
to obtain specimens for the collections. Traylor replied with detailed
instructions on the preparation and shipping of specimens. The re-
sulting collection of birds contains numerous new records for the
Ivory Coast, and at least three new forms for the Museum's collec-
tions. This fruitful collaboration between scientist and amateur col-
lector is being continued in a report of the birds of the Ivory Coast.
DIVISION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES— Curator Robert F.
Inger and the late Professor Bernard Greenberg of Roosevelt Uni-
versity, a Research Associate of the Museum, were engaged in a
study of the ecology and taxonomy of the reptiles and amphibians
of Borneo. Much of their work centered around the competition
between species of frogs and the reproductive patterns of rain forest
lizards. They found that the year 'round breeding of these lizards
apparently buffers population fluctuation and may be one of the fac-
tors contributing to the great diversity of faunas of the rain forest.
Associate Curator Hymen Marx and George B. Rabb, Associate
Director of Brookfield Zoo and a Research Associate of the Museum,
continued their study of the phylogeny of the poisonous viperine
snakes. Some of the data were used to test a recently developed
method of determining phylogenies with the aid of computers. Mr.
Marx also completed a check-list of the reptiles and amphibians of
Egypt, as part of the long-standing cooperative effort with the U. S.
Naval Medical Research Unit, No. 3, Cairo, Egypt. Inger was
elected Vice-President and Marx a Governor of the American Society
of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.
DIVISION OF FISHES— Loren P. Woods, Curator, spent November
and December on Cruise 12 of the Southeastern Pacific Biological
Oceanographic Program sponsored by the National Science Founda-
tion. The object of the cruise, on the research vessel Anton Bruun,
was to study distribution and collect samples of fish from shore
depths to the bottom of the Peruvian Trench (6,000 meters). Ex-
tensive collections were made at San Felix Island and Juan Fernan-
dez Islands, several hundred miles off the Chilean coast.
DIVISION OF INSECTS — The enlargement and reorganization of
the facilities of the Division of Insects was the major event of the
year. Under a National Science Foundation grant, floor space was
increased by 25 per cent and storage space for the collections by 40
per cent. An expanded program of preparation and labeling of speci-
mens was also undertaken, with the help of students, and summer
employees under the direction of Associate Harry G. Nelson, Pro-
fessor of Biology at Roosevelt University. For the first time in a
number of years it was possible to prepare, process and distribute
a great backlog of material for the collections. Associate Curator
Common name: variously, water turkey, darter, snake bird, anhinga.
Painting by Karl Plath.
Henry Dybas completed a paper on ptiliid (featherwing) beetles, in
which he presented the first evidence of parthenogenesis, i.e., repro-
duction from unfertilized eggs, in these beetles. Curator Rupert
Wenzel continued to edit and write parts of the forthcoming book
Ectoparasites of Panama, a collaborative project under the auspices
of the Office of Research and Development, Office of the Surgeon
General, U. S. Army.
DIVISION OF LOWER INVERTEBRATES— Curator Emeritus Fritz
Haas completed a description of a new genus of land snails from Peru,
and continued his invaluable work of processing accumulated mate-
rials into the molluscan collections. Curator Alan Solem spent the
latter part of the year collecting in Western Samoa, Fiji and New
Zealand. He was joined by Mr. Laurie Price, of New Zealand, who
assisted him. Solem discovered that the endodontinine land snails
become extinct when the native vegetation is destroyed, but two
other gi'oups, the charopinine endodontids and the partulid land
snails, have successfully adapted to secondary growth and overgrown
plantation areas, and are thus in no immediate danger of extinction.
Solem was awarded a National Science Foundation grant in support
of his work on the classification and zoogeography of the endodontid
DIVISION OF VERTEBRATE ANATOMY— Dr. Karel F. Liem was
appointed Assistant Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy. Dr. Liem also
serves as Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, University
of Illinois College of Medicine. His current research project is on
the evolutionary morphology of the fish family CiddidAie.
The staflf lost a distinguished colleague in February with the death
of D. Dwight Davis. Mr. Davis joined Field Museum staff in 1930
and had served as Curator of Vertebrate Anatomy since 1941. His
death, at the age of 56, cut short a career which had reached a height
just two months before his death with the publication of a monu-
mental work on the giant panda. Two other valued collaborators in
our research program. Dr. Bernard Greenberg, Research Associate
in Reptiles, and Dr. Charles H. See vers. Research Associate in In-
sects, both of the faculty of Roosevelt University, died during 1965.
Dr. Seevers' association with Field Museum extended over a period
of 25 years and his contribution to the collections and research of the
Division of Insects was immense.
Much of the Library's work this year was connected with the
utilization of the new space provided by the National Science Foun-
dation construction grant. This involved the massive shift of many
thousands of volumes into the new stack area and the geology library
and the consequent enlargement and rearrangement of the Reading
Room and cataloging and technical services areas. This has resulted
in a much needed doubling of our work and study space.
These tasks were, of course, carried out in addition to the primary
concern of the Library: service to the scientific staff of the museum
and to visiting scientists and students. The Library's acquisition pro-
gram resulted in the addition of approximately 10,000 items to our
collections. The reference department reported a substantial increase
in the number of visitors and in the number of periodicals and books
used. Library visitors came from most of the continental United
States and from Canada, Germany, Japan, India, New Zealand,
Australia, and Yugoslavia.
The work of the catalog department was highlighted by the com-
pletion of the Subject Headings Authority Catalog, five years in the
making. This involved, among other things, a complete revision of
our main subject catalog in the Reading Room and the addition of
over 8,000 cross-reference and new subject cards. This has greatly
increased its usefulness and accuracy. The department classified
Audubon ' " ^-"^^ ' v'^—r^^.^,^
approximately 2,300 titles (4,500 volumes), including 1,400 reclassi-
fied titles (3,100 volumes) . 1,800 analytics were prepared for articles
and monographs in serial publications. Over 20,000 cards were added
to our main, departmental, and divisional catalogs.
Many valuable and important gifts were made to the Library by
interested donors. Included among them were two very fine letters
of John James Audubon, one the gift of Mr. Herbert R. Strauss and
the other given anonymously. Gifts of this kind greatly enrich the
value of our collections.
Public Information Services
The Public Information Services continued during the year to
supplement our exhibits as one of the Museum's principal means of
communicating technical and non-technical science information to
the public. The Museum Press, the Book Shop, and Divisions of
Photography, Motion Pictures, Illustration, and Public Relations
combine to serve untold thousands of people in an impressive num-
ber of ways. Each of these divisions provides opportunities for the
individual discussed at the beginning of this report to broaden his
use of the Museum through reference to a source of information spe-
cifically oriented to his needs. A scholar seeking illustrative material
for his forthcoming book; a teacher who wishes to go the extra step
in preparation that means the difference between pedestrian and in-
spired teaching; the parent who is willing to bring his child to the
Museum to seek collateral reading material or natural history speci-
mens for a school assignment; the scientist in an overseas Public
Health Service unit who finds in the latest scientific publication of
the Fieldiana series a research report that relates directly to his cur-
rent investigations; the local newspaper reporter who calls to check
out some scientific information he wishes to use — these, too, help to
answer "What is a museum?"
The completion of construction under a National Science Foun-
dation grant of new facilities for the Department of Geology, the
Library of the Museum, and the Division of Insects was a major
event of the year. The redesigning and reconstruction of Halls 9
and 32 were begun in 1965. Hall 9 is to be used to house special
exhibits and Hall 32 will contain a pioneering exhibit on Tibetan
CHICAGO NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM
Comparative Statement of Receipts
and Expenditures - Current Funds
Years 1965 and 1964
RECEIPTS 1965 1964
From investments in securities $ 835,501 $ 778,586
From investments in real estate 112,000 112,000
$ 947,501 $ 890,586
Chicago Park District— tax collections $ 358,663 $ 361,267
Annual and sustaining memberships 45,431 35,086
Admissions 50,036 48,529
Unrestricted contributions and sundry receipts . . 276,429 128,555
Restricted funds transferred and expended
through Operating Fund 817,797 448,511
Operating expenses —
Departmental $ 783,377 $ 749,876
General 693,171 625,539
Building repairs and alterations 176,266 165,652
New geology and library facilities $ 509,012 $ 242,377
Collections — purchases and expedition costs 127,447 80,854
Furniture, fixtures and equipment 26,133 27,180
Provision for heating plant renewal 22,486 22,486
Proposed pension program 50,000
Building and exhibit modernization 110,000
DEFICIT FOR THE YEAR $ 2,035 $ 1,430
Certain reclassifications have been made in the amounts
for 196 U to conform to the 1965 presentation.
CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION
Income from endowments $ 51,831 $ 42,606
Expenditures 43,925 39,761
EXCESS OF INCOME OVER EXPENDITURES $ 7,906 $ 2,845
OTHER RESTRICTED FUNDS
From Specific Endowment Fund investments ... . $ 106,540 $ 100,331
Contributions and grants for specific purposes . . . 648,840 485,612
Operating Fund provision for heating[plant
renewal 22,486 22,486
Sundry receipts 70,169 63,115
Gain on sale of restricted fund securities 1,091 2,732
$ 849,126 $ 674,276
Expended through Operating Fund $ 817,797 $ 448,511
Added to endowment fund principal 55,000 63,000
$ 872,797 $ 511,511
EXCESS (deficiency) OF RECEIPTS OVER
EXPENDITURES $ (23,671) $ 162,765
Chicago Natural History Museum:
We have examined the accompanying comparative statement of receipts and
expenditures — current funds of the Chicago Natural History Museum for the year
ended December 31, 1965. Our examination was made in accordance with gen-
erally accepted auditing standards, and accordingly included such tests of the
accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we considered necessary
in the circumstances.
In our opinion, the statement mentioned above presents fairly the receipts
and expenditures of the current funds of the Chicago Natural History Museum
for the year ended December 31, 1965, in conformity with generally accepted
accounting principles applied on a basis consistent with that of the preceding year.
Arthur Young & Company
January 17, 1966
Use During 1965 of Income from Special
Purpose Endowment Funds
Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation Fund
Cost of Museum Lecture Series $ 5,026.00
Subsidy to Publication Program 2,076.88
Frederick and Abby Kettelle Babcock Fund
Subsidy to Publication Program 2,681.45
Emily Crane Chadbourne Zoological Fund
Field Trips 605.33
Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund
Purchase of specimens 972.23
Laboratory equipment and supplies 4,651.96
CONOVER Game-Bird Fund
Purchase of specimens 1,456.69
Expeditions and study trips 1,250.00
Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund
Fellowship grant 725.00
Group Insurance Fund*
Group insurance cost 8,298.12
Subsidy to Pension Fund 10,000.00
N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund
Preparation, care, and distribution of exhibits to
Chicago schools 42,925.49
Purchase of books and periodicals 3,811.09
James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and
Children's Lecture Fund
Subsidy to public school and children's lecture programs 44,237.35
Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund
Expeditions, field work, and professional meetings 1,153.60
Karl P. Schmidt Fund
Study grant 126.00
These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which
they were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than
$17,000,000 of unrestricted endowment funds was used in general Museum operation.
* Established by Stanley Field
t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones,
Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald
Contributions and Bequests
The gifts of many individuals have built a great mu-
seum. Contributions and bequests now and in the future
will permit needed improvement of exhibits, expansion
of the educational program, and increased support of
scientific research. The following form is suggested to
those who wish to provide for Field Museum of Natural
History in their wills:
Form of Bequest
I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of
Natural History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois:
Cash contributions to Field Museum of Natural History
are allowable as deductions in computing net income for
federal income tax purposes.
DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
Miss Frances Badger
Mrs. Estelle Bogden
Mrs. Irene C. S. Britting-
University of Chicago
Sr. Juan Dubernard
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller
Dr. Julian R. Goldsmith
Fred Harvey Collection
Mrs. Albert Heller
E. D. Hester
Leo C. Hogle
Prof. Bert F. Hoselitz
Dr. F. Clark Howell
Miss Elizabeth E. Hoyt
Mr. & Mrs. J. J. Klejman
Christopher C. Legge
Oriental Art Society
Mrs. Robert H. Perkins
Hyman A. Pierce
Mrs. Elizabeth Prindl
M. Drexel Rutherford
Mrs. Daniel Sayad
Prof. L. Scherman
Mr. & Mrs. Robert Strotz
Mrs. John Paul Welling
Product Models, Inc.
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY
Holly Reed Bennett
Botanical Museum and
Henry P. Butcher
University of California
University of Florida
Dr. F. R. Fosberg
Mrs. Dorothy Gibson
Dr. Hugh litis
Instituto de Botanica
Dr. B. F. Kukachka
Dr. W. S. G. Maass
New York Botanical
Dr. Peter Raven
Dr. Jonathan Sauer
Mrs. Josephine S. Sennett
Dr. Earl E. Sherff
U. S. Forest Service
Dr. Paul Voth
Dr. J. G. Wessels-Boer
University of Wisconsin
World Life Research
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY
Darwin De Camp
Depth Chargers, Inc.
Mrs. Italia de Soriano
Mrs. Cecilia Duluk
Dr. Margaret Elliott
Dr. Dieter Heymann
Dr. W. Hilton Johnson
Father Hilary Jurica
Mr. & Mrs. James
Dr. Ilija Krstanovic
John L. Lester
Dr. Willard P. Leutze
Miss Vera G. Nichols
Matthew H. Nitecki
Mrs. Herbert Pearson
Diego R. Rangel
Dr. William Reeder
St. Paul Science
Ralph D. Sanderson
U. S. Geological Survey
Dr. Edward Webb
R. E. Wilmer
Mr. & Mrs. F. A. Wolflf
LECTIONS OF THE MUSEUM-1965
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
C. W. Benson
Dr. Ronald A. Brandon
Walter O. Cernohorsky
P. K. Chin
Mrs. Freddie Curtis
Francis de Maeyer
Miss Diane deVry
Dr. Robert W. Dickerman
Prof. & Mrs. Lawrence S.
Mrs. Irene E. Draper
Stanley J. Dvorak
Howard W. Ehrlinger
Prof. Alfred Emerson
Colonel F. C. Emerson
E. C. Fernando
Dr. Robert L. Fleming
Foresta Institute for
Ocean and Mountain
Mrs. Anne Funkhauser
Mrs. Joseph B. Girardi
Dr. Fritz Haas
Dr. Richard Highton
Dr. Harry Hoogstraal
Paul C. Hutchison
Instituto Nacional de
Dr. David L. Jameson
F. Wayne King
Dr. David Kistner
Dr. Glen M. Kohls
Dr. N. L. H. Krauss
Dr. C. V. Kulkarni
Lim Boo Liat
Lincoln Park Zoological
J. P. McHale
Dr. William W. Milstead
Museo Civ. di Storia
National Museum of
Dr. Ursula Rowlatt
Abundio Sagastegui Alva
Mrs. Ellen Thorne Smith
Miss Barbara Sodt
Dr. G. Alan Solem
Harrison R. Steeves
Dr. Walter Suter
Mrs. Margaret Teskey
U. S. Fish and Wildlife
Harold K. Voris
Dr. David B. Wake
Dr. J. G. Williams
Mrs. William J. Bowe
Dr. In-Cho Chung
Miss Margaret Conover
Christopher C. Legge
Dr. Joseph Curtis Moore
Miss Marion Pahl
E. Stanley Richardson
Dr. G. Alan Solem
Herbert R. Strauss
Chester D. Tripp
Robert S. Adler Family
Mrs. C. H. Angell
Edwin C. Austin
Dr. Edward Berkwits
Mr. & Mrs. Bowen Blair
William McCormick Blair
John J. Bransfield, Jr.
Mrs. Walther Buchen
Peder A. Christensen
Roy W. Clansky, Jr.
Margaret B. Conover
John S. Coulson
Bernard G. Croonquist
Mrs. D. Dwight Davis
Mrs. E. Dempsey
Mrs. Alex Dixon
Mrs. Martha D. Dobbins
Mr. & Mrs. Gaylord
Thomas E. Donnelley II
Elliott and Ann
Robert T. Drake
Dr. & Mrs. F. F. Enck
Joseph N. Field
Thomas B. Fifield
James R. Getz
Marion G. Gordon
Bernard C. Graff t
Dr. Clifford C. Gregg
Dr. Fritz Haas
Mrs. Charles C. Haffner,
John F. Hayward
Marion K. Hoffmann
Mrs. Rodney Hood
Mr. & Mrs. Byron Hosier
Dr. Robert F. Inger
Henry P. Isham
Mr. & Mrs. J. P. Kastens
Vera R. Kendig
Robert J. Kennedy
Martha A. Knieps
Commander John F.
John L. Means
Midwest Chinese Student
and Alumni Services
William H. Mitchell
Mr. & Mrs. S. L.
Florence J. Moore
G. Walker Morgan
Dr. M. Graham Netting
Harvey S. Olson
Glen R. Ostdick
James L. Palmer
John Shedd Reed
Dr. Maurice L.
Mrs. Katherine Field
Lillian A. Ross
Melville N. and Mary F.
Mrs. Clive Runnells
Mrs. Karl P. Schmidt
Dr. Francis O. Schmitt
Herbert H. Schupp
Mr. & Mrs. Charles W.
Barry E. Semer
Mr. & Mrs. Jack Shovey
Hubert and Wilma
John M. Simpson
C. W. Smith
Edward Byron Smith
Mr. & Mrs. Hermon
Dr. and Mrs. Daniel
Dr. G. Alan Solem
Mrs. John V. Spachner
Sydney Stein, Jr.
Mr. & Mrs. William S.
Dr. & Mrs. Roy E.
Oliver S. Turner
University Guild of
Walter F. Wallace, Jr.
Mrs. Cyril L. Ward
Mr. & Mrs. Louis Ware
Leslie H. Warshell
David G. Watrous
E. Leland Webber
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur D.
Ira E. Westbrook
Dr. Louis O. Williams
Perry S. Woodbury
Mrs. J. M. Zander
Dr. Rainer Zangerl
Mrs. Ernest Ziesler
Kenneth V. Zwiener
DS OF THE MUSEUM-1965
Chicago Community Trust
R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company
I Marshall Field & Company
International Harvester Company
The Northern Trust Company
The Searle Foundation
Standard Oil (Ind.) Foundation, Inc.
Arthur Young and Company
Zenith Radio Corporation
DONORS OF MATERIALS FOR FIELD MUSEUM USE
Century Equipment Company
Marshall Field & Company
General Biological Supply House
C. E. Gurley
International Harvester Company
Wenner-Gren Foundation for
Museum Publications: Fieldiana
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY
CoRRELL, Donovan S.
Supplement to Orchids of Guatemala and British Honduras. Fieldiana: Botany,
vol. 31, no. 7, 46 pp., 2 illus.
Glassman, S. F.
Preliminary Studies in the Palm Genus Syagrus Mart, and Its Allies. Fieldiana:
Botany, vol. 31, no. 5, 20 pp., 7 illus.
Smith, C. Earle, Jr.
Agriculture, Tehuacan Valley. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 3, 46 pp.,
Flora, Tehuacan Valley. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 4, 20 pp., 18 illus.
Williams, Louis O.
Tropical American Plants, VII. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 31, no. 6, 8 pp., 1 illus.
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY
HoRBACK, Henry, and Edward J. Olsen
Catalog of the Collection of Meteorites in Chicago Natural History Museum.
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 15, no. 3, 145 pp.
NiTECKi, Matthew H.
Catalogue of Type Specimens in Chicago Natural History Museum, Porifera.
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 13, no. 6, 35 pp.
Reed, Charles A., and William D. Turnbull
The Mammalian Genera Arctoryctes and Cryptoryctes from the Oligocene and
Miocene of North America. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 15, no. 2, 72 pp., 21 illus.
Simmons, David Jay
The Non-Therapsid Reptiles of the Lufeng Basin, Yunnan, China. Fieldiana:
vol. 15, no. 1, 89 pp., 12 illus.
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
Caldwell, David K.
A New Sparid Fish of the Genus Diplodus from Bermuda. Fieldiana: Zoology,
vol. 44, no. 23, 10 pp., 1 illus.
Inger, Robert F., and Hymen Marx
The Systematics and Evolution of the Oriental Colubrid Snakes of the Genus Cala-
maria. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 49, 300 pp., 73 illus.
Marx, Hymen, and George B. Rabb
Relationships and Zoogeography of the Viperine Snakes (Family Viperidae).
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 44, no. 21, 46 pp., 18 illus.
Moore, Joseph Curtis, and George H. H. Tate
A Study of the Diurnal Squirrels, Sciurinae, of the Indian and Indochinese Sub-
regions. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 48, 351 pp., 33 illus.
Parkes, Kenneth C, and Emmet R. Blake
Taxonomy and Nomenclature of the Bronzed Cowbird. Fieldiana: Zoology,
vol. 44, no. 22, 10 pp.
Seevers, Charles H.
The Systematics, Evolution and Zoogeography of Staphylinid Beetles Associated
with Army Ants (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) . Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 47,
no. 2, 213 pp., 23 illus.
Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin
VOL 36, 1965
Lucky Accidents, no. 5, pp. 6-8, 3 illus.
New Conservation Laboratory Opened,
no. 9, pp. 2-3, 4 illus.
The Museum Library in Transition,
no. 5, pp. 2-3, 7, 2 illus.
Cold Blood, Warm Climate, no. 11,
pp. 2-3, 3 illus.
Australian Expedition Discovers Land
mark Fossil Site, no. 4, pp. 4-5,
Olsen, Edward J.
Our Geologic Age, no. 7, pp. 3-5, 8,
QuiMBY, George I.
Plains Art from a Florida Prison, no.
10, pp. 2-5, 7 illus., and cover pic-
Exploring an Underwater Indian Site,
no. 8, pp. 2-4, 5 illus. and cover
Underwater Archeology in Lake Mich-
igan, no. 6, pp. 2-3, 8, 1 illus.
Rand, Austin L.
The Flow of Information, Zoology's
Newest Exhibit, no. 12, pp. 4-5,
The Turkey Vulture's Sense of Smell,
no. 3, p. 8, 1 illus.
Reinman, Fred M.
Fishing in Oceania, no. 3, pp. 3-5,
Richardson, Eugene S., Jr.
Our Sudden Spate of New Fossils, no. 1,
pp. 6-8, 2 illus.
Traylor, Melvin a., Jr.
The Flemings of Kathmandu, no. 7,
pp. 6-7, 1 illus.
Williams, Louis 0.
Plants Without Names, no. 2, p. 7,
Thorn Apples Are Not for Eating,
no. 8, p. 5, 2 illus.
Members' Children Explore the World
of Nature, no. 1, pp. 2-3, 8 illus.
Woodland, Bertram G.
Mountain Building I, no. 11, pp. 5-8,
D. Dwight Davis, 1908-1965, no. 3,
pp. 6-7, 1 illus.
The New Anatomy of the Geology De-
partment, no. 2, pp. 4-6, 3 illus.
Other Publications of Staff Members
DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
"Recent Archaeological Work in Southern Uganda." Uganda Journal, vol. 29,
no. 1, 149-161 pp.
Review of Arqueologia de Manabi (by Emilio Estrada). American Antiquity,
vol. 30, pp. 362-363.
Review of Indian Art in Middle America (by Frederick J. Dockstader).
American Antiquity, vol. 31, pp. 127-128.
Collier, Donald, and William N. Fenton
"Problems of Ethnological Research in North American Museums." Man,
vol. 65, art. 100, pp. 111-112.
Lewis, Phillip H.
Comment in "The Concept of Primitive Applied to Art." Current Anthro-
pology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 435-436.
Martin, Paul S.
Review of Southwestern Archaeology (by John C. McGregor). Science, Sep-
tember, 1965, vol. 149, pp. 1490-1491.
QuiMBY, George I.
"An Indian Earthwork in Muskegon County, Michigan." The Michigan
Archaeologist, vol. 11, nos. 3 and 4, September-December, pp. 165-169.
Ann Arbor, Michigan.
"The Voyage of the Griffin: 1679." Michigan History, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 97-
107. Lansing, Michigan.
SiROTO, Leon, and Irvin L. Child
"BaKwele and American Esthetic Evaluations Compared." Ethnology, vol. 4,
no. 4, pp. 340-360.
Review of Senufo Sculpture from West Africa (by Robert Goldwater). Amer-
ican Anthropologist, vol. 67, pp. 563-565.
"Inception of the Rubbing Technique: a Review." Symposium in Honor of i
Dr. Li Chi on His Seventieth Birthday, pp. 281-301, pis. 1-3. ]
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY
"Styloceras: South American Relative of Buxus," Boxwood Bulletin, vol. 5,
no. 2, 27 pp.
In Maguire, "Botany of the Guiana Highlands, Part VI" (Ilex), Mem. N. Y.
Bot. Card., 12, pp. 124-150.
"A New Peruvian Ilex," Brittonia, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 284, 285.
Williams, Louis O.
"The Story of Two Sterile Specimens," Ann. Mo. Bot. Gdn., vol. lii, no. 3,
pp. 485, 486.
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY
NiTECKi, Matthew H.
Review of Atlas and Glossary of Primary Sedimentary Structures. Jour.
Geol., vol. 73, p. 682.
A New Mississippian demosponge from Arkansas (abstract). Geol. Soc. Amer.
Bull. 1965 Ann. Meet., pp. 114-5.
"The Mood of the Undergraduate." Academic Forum, vol. 1, pp. 20-22.
Olsen, Edward J.
"Atomic Clocks and How They Work." Gems and Minerals Mag., vol. 27,
Richardson, E. S., Jr.
"Out of the Sea: the Life Story of a Continent." World Book Ency., Year
Book, 1965, 22 pp., illustr.
Review of Fossils in America (by Jay Ellis Ransom), The Quarterly Review
of Biology, vol. 40, no. 4, p. 378.
TuRNBULL, William D., Ernest Lundelius, Jr., and Ian McDougall
"A Potassium-Argon dated Pliocene Marsupial Fauna from Victoria." Nature,
vol. 206 no. 4986, p. 816.
Woodland, Bertram G.
"The Geology of the Burke Quadrangle, Vermont." Vermont Geol. Surv.
Bull. no. 28, 151 pp., 72 illus.
"Radiographic Techniques," pp. 305-320.
"Galvanoplastic Reproduction of Fossils." pp. 413-420;
In: Handbook of Paleontological Techniques, Kummel and Raup, edit., Free-
man & Co., San Francisco, 1965.
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
Blake, Emmet R.
Review of "The Birds of Colombia" (by R. Meyer de Schauensee). The Auk,
vol. 82, pp. 516-518.
*Rhesus and Crab-Eating Macaques: Intergradation in Thailand." Science,
vol. 143, no. 3604, pp. 363-365, 1 table, 2 figs.
"The Importance of Taxonomy in Primate Research and Care." Bulletin
Illinois Society for Medical Research — Chicago Branch — Animal Care Panel,
no. 39, pp. 2 (unnumbered).
"Primate Research and Systematics." Science, vol. 147, no. 3662, pp. 1156-
INGER, Robert F. and William Hosmer
"New Species of Scincid Lizards of the Genus Sphenomorphus from Sarawak."
Israel Journal of Zoology, vol. 14, pp. 134-140.
Moore, Joseph Curtis
"D. Dwight Davis." Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 371-372.
"Rebuttal on Identification of Mesoplodon specimen from North Long Branch,
New Jersey." Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 46, no. 4, p. 701.
Moore, Joseph Curtis, and Raymond M. Gilmore
"A Beaked Whale New to the Western Hemisphere." Nature, vol. 205,
no. 4977, pp. 1239-1240.
Rand, Austin L.
Italian edition of Birds in Summer (first published in 1962, Encyclopedia Brit-
tanica Press), 31 pp.
"Gulls and Terns — Family Laridae." Chapter in Water, Prey and Game Birds
of North America, by Alexander Wetmore and Other Eminent Ornitholo-
gists, National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C, pp. 376-397, 43
Review of The Birds of the Palearctic Fauna. A Systematic Reference. Non-
Passeriformes (by Charles Vaurie) . Natural History Magazine, vol. LXXIV,
no. 10, pp. 8-9.
♦"Preface," p. 6; "Asity," pp. 65-66; "Bird of Paradise," pp. 97-98; "Cuckoo-
roller," pp. 171-172; "Ground Roller," pp. 342-343; "Mesite," pp. 454-455;
"Drongo," pp. 850-851. In A New Dictionary of Birds (edited by A. Lands-
borough Thompson). [London and New York.]
*"Gnatcatcher and Kinglets: Family Sylviidae," in Song and Garden Birds of
North America (edited by Alexander Wetmore). [National Geographic So-
ciety , pp. 222-227.
♦Review of Host Relationships of the Parasitic Cowbirds (by Herbert Fried-
mann). The Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 39, p. 194.
"Land Snails of the Genus Amphidromus from Thailand (Mollusca: Pulmo-
nata: Camaenidae)." Proceedings of the United States National Museum,
vol. 117, no. 3519, pp. 615-628, 2 pis.
*"Adelopoma costaricense Bartsch and Morrison, 1942, Not an Inhabitant of
the United States," in Nautilus, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 68-69 (with Fritz Haas).
*"Aminopina, an Australian Enid Land Snails," The Veliger, vol. 6, no. 3.
pp. 115-120, 4 text figs.
Traylor, Melvin a.
"A Collection of Birds from Barotseland and Bechuanaland." The Ibis,
vol. 107, pp. 137-172, 357-384.
"First Male of Ploceus ocularis tenuirostris." Bulletin of the British Ornithol-
ogists Club, vol. 85, pp. 115-116.
"Winter Dress of Cisticolalchinianalbensoni." Bulletin of the British Ornithol-
ogists Club, vol. 85, pp. 135-136.
Review of The Birds of Natal and Zululand (by P. A. Clancey). The Wilson
Bulletin, vol. 77, pp. 209-211.
Review of A Check List of the Birds of the Bechuanaland Protectorate (by
R. H. N. Smithers). The Ibis, vol. 107, p. 408.
Review of Die Wirbeltiere des Kamerungebirges (by M. Eisentraut). The
Auk, vol. 82, pp. 665-666.
Review of The FrancoUns, a Study in Speciation (by Mrs. B. P. Hall). The
Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 40, no. 1, p. 84.
*"A New Race of Estrilda atricapilla Verreaux." Bulletin of the British Orni-
thologists Club, vol. 84, pp. 64-65.
*"A Peculiar Mutant Sunbird." Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club,
vol. 84, pp. 11-15.
*"Three New Birds from Africa." Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club,
vol. 84, pp. 81-84.
*Review of a Revised Check List of African Flycatchers, Tits, Tree Creepers,
Sunbirds, White-eyes, Honey Eaters, Buntings, Finches, Weavers and Wax-
bills (by C. M. N. White). The Auk, vol. 81, pp. 565-566.
*"Ticks (Ixodidae) on Migrating Birds in Egypt, Spring and Fall 1962." Bulle-
tin of the World Health Organization, vol. 30, pp. 355-367. [with Harry
Hoogstraal et al.]
Traylor, Melvin A., and Robert C. Hart
"Some Interesting Birds from Barotseland." The Puku, Occasional Papers,
Department of Game and Fisheries, Zambia, no. 3, pp. 133-141,
Wenzel, Rupert L.
"Family Streblidae." A Catalogue of Diptera of America North of Mexico
(edited by Alan Stone, et al.), Agric. Handbook no. 276, Agric. Res. Service,
U. S. Department of Agriculture, p. 921.
"Family Nycteribiidae." Ibid., p. 922.
Woods, Loren P.
"A New Squirrel Fish, Adioryx poco, of the Family Holocentridae from the
Bahama Islands." Notulae Naturae, no. 377, pp. 1-5, 1 illus.
JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND FOUNDATION
RoscoE, Ernest J.
"Elementary and Secondary Geological Education at the Chicago Natural
History Museum." Journal of Geological Education, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 9-12.
"Extracurricular Geology Programs at Chicago Natural History Museum."
Journal of Geological Educdtion, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 55.
"Ivory Tower, Main Street and the Dynamic Janus — The Science Teacher in
Modern Society." Turtox News, vol. 43, pp. 216-217.
Review of The Land and Wildlife of Africa (by Archie Carr). American
Midland Naturalist, vol. 73, p. 504.
Review of Animal Behavior (by Niko Tinbergen). American Midland Nat-
uralist, vol. 74, pp. 253-254.
♦Published in 1964, but not previously listed in the Annual Report.
Board of Trustees, 1965
James L. Palmer, President
Clifford C. Gregg, First Vice-President
Joseph N. Field, Second Vice-President
BowEN Blair, Third Vice-President
Edward Byrox Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary
E. Leland Webber, Secretary
BOARD OF TRUSTEES
Harry O. Bercher
Wm. McCormick Blair
Walter J. Cummings
Joseph N. Field
Clifford C. Gregg
Samuel Insull, Jr.
Henry P. Isham
HuGHSTON M. McBain
J. RoscoE Miller
William H. Mitchell
James L. Palmer
John T. Pirie, Jr.
John Shedd Reed
John G. Searle
John M. Simpson
Edward Byron Smith
J. Howard Wood
William V. Kahler
E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Director
DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
Donald Collier, Ph.D., Chief Curator
Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator Emeritus
Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology
Phillip H. Lewis, M.A., Curator, Primitive Art
Fred M. Reinman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology
Leon Siroto, M.A., Assistant Curator, African Ethnology
Glen H. Cole, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Prehistory
Hoshien Tchen, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection
Christopher C. Legge, M.A., Custodian of Collections
Joyce A. Korbecki, Assistant
GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist
Theodore Halkin, B.F.A., M.S., Artist
Walter C. Reese, Preparator
Christine S. Danziger, M.S., Conservator
Agnes M. Fennell, B.A., Departmental Secretary
Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory
Philip J. C. Dark, Ph.D., Research Associate, African Ethnology
Fred Eggan, Ph.D., Research Associate, Ethnology
J. Eric Thompson, Dipl. Anth. Camb., Research Associate, Central American
George L Quimby, M.A., Research Associate, North American Archaeology and
James R. Getz, B.A., Field Associate
Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY
Louis 0. Williams, Ph.D., Chief Curator
John R. Millar, Chief Curator Emeritus
William C. Burger, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants
Gabriel Edwin, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants
Patricio Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium
Dorothy Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium
Robert G. Stolze, B.S., Herbarium Assistant
Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator H
Frank Boryca, Technician
Walter Huebner, Preparator
Walter L. Boyer, B.F.A., Artist
Sandra Biermann, Departmental Secretary, Botany
1 on leave
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany
Sidney F. Glassman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Palms
E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants
Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany
Earl E. Sherff, Ph.D., Research Associate, Systematic Botany
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany
Ing. Agr. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate
DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY
Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Chief Curator
Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Curator, Mineralogy
Bertram G. Woodland, Ph.D., Curator, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
John Clark, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Sedimentary Petrology
Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Curator of Exhibits
Henry Horback, Assistant
Henry U. Taylor, Preparator
Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes
William D. Turnbull, Associate Curator, Fossil Mammals
David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates
Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates
Matthew N. Nitecki, M.A., Assistant Curator of Fossil Invertebrates
Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils
Tibor Perenyi, Ph.D., Artist
Winifred Reinders, Departmental Secretary
Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology
Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates
Ralph G. Johnson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleoecology
Erik N. Kjellesvig-Wabring, B.S., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates
Robert F. Mueller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy
Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates
Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates
J. Marvin Weller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Stratigraphy
R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants
Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Sc.D., Chief Curator
Joseph Curtis Moore, Ph.D., Curator, Mammals
Philip Hbrshkovitz, M.S., Research Curator, Mammals
Emmet R. Blake, M.S., Curator, Birds
Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Associate Curator, Birds
M. DiANNE Maurer, A.B., Assistant, Birds
Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles
Hymen Marx, B.S., Associate Curator, Reptiles
LOREN P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes
Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes
Rupert L. Wenzel, Ph.D., Curator, Insects
Hexry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects
August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects
Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Lower Invertebrates
Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates
Karel F. Liem, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy
Sophie Andris, Osteologist
Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist
Mario Villa, Tanner
Peter Anderson, Assistant Taxidermist
Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist
Wanda O. Harrison, A.B., Departmental Secretary
Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds
Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Sc.D., Research Associate, Insects
Harry Hoogstraal, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects
Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles
Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects
Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles
George B. Rabb, Ph.D., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles
Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects
Ronald Singer, D.Sc, Research Associate, Mammalian Anatomy
Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects
Luis de la Torre, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals
Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy
Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes
Charles F. Nadler, M.D., Associate, Mammals
Harry G. Nelson, B.S., Associate, Insects
Karl Plath, Associate, Birds
DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds
Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects
Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds
Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate
Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate
Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate
William S. Street, Field Associate
Janice K. Street, Field Associate
DEPARTMENT OF N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION
Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator
David A. Ross, B.S.A., Preparator
Ronald Lambert, Preparator
Lido Lucchesi, Preparator
Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate
JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND FOUNDATION
FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURES
Miriam Wood, M.A,, Chief Edith Fleming, M.A.
Marie Svoboda, M.A. George R. Fricke, B.S.,
Harriet Smith, M.A. Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S.
Elda B. Herbert, M.A., Secretary
THE LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM
Meta p. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian
W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A., Associate Librarian
Bertha W. Gibbs, B.A., B.S. in L.S., Reference and Inter-library
Eugenia Jang, Serials Librarian
Chih-wei Pan, M.S., Cataloguer
Yoo L Peal, B.A., As.sistant Cataloguer
EDITORS OF MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS
Edward G. Nash, A.B., Editor
Beatrice Paul, B. A., 'Assistant
PUBLIC RELATIONS COUNSEL
Kathleen Wolff, A.B., Associate Public Relations Counsel
DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS
Lois M. Buenger, B.A., in charge
ADMINISTRATION AND RECORDS
Norman W. Nelson, B.S., C.P.A., Business Manager
James L Goodrich, Assistant to the Director
Helen B. Christopher, Secretary to the President
Susanmary Carpenter, B.A., Secretary to the Director
Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar
Jessie Dudley, Receptionist
Marion K. Hoffmann, Auditor
Eleanor Sheffner, Assistant Auditor
Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent
WiLLLAM J. Wallace, Cashier If
Louise S. Hillmer, Bookkeeper
Milton Beckwith, Cashier
THE BOOK SHOP
Uno M. Lake, A.B., Manager
% on leave
DIVISION OF ILLUSTRATION
Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator
DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY
John Bayalis, Photographer
Homer V. Holdren, Associate
Ferdinand Huysmans, Dipl.A., Assistant
Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography
DIVISION OF MOTION PICTURES
John W. Mover, in charge
DIVISION OF PRINTING
Harold M. Grutzmacher, in charge
James R. Shouba, Building Superintendent
Division of Maintenance
GusTAV A. NOREN, Superintendent of Maintenance
Division of Engineering
Leonard Carrion, Chief Engineer
Jacques L. Pulizzi, Assistant Chief Engineer
George A. Lamoureux, Captain
Volunteer workers provided considerable help to the Museum
staff in the past year. Some of them are listed as Research Asso-
ciates and Associates in the Staff List. Others include: Mrs. Alice
Burke, Miss Diane De Vry, Stanley J. Dvorak, Russell Getz, Mrs.
Joseph B. Girardi, James Granath, Sol Gurewitz, Mrs. Nancy Mahl-
man, Leo Plas, Mrs. Robert Pringle, Mrs. Alice K. Schneider, Mrs.
Helen Strotz, and William Walker. The Museum thanks them for
their energetic and devoted aid.