BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
[Document 15 — 1967|
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
FOR THE Year Ending December 31, 1966
July 19, 1967.
Hon. John F. Collins,
Mayor of Boston.
Dear ^Ir. ^NIayor:
I have the honor to submit herewith a report of the
activities of the Boston Pubhc Library for the year end-
ing December 31, 1966.
President of the Board of Trustees.
TRUSTEES OF THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
Term expires April 30, 1971
ERWIN D. CANHAM
Term expires April 30, 1968
EDWARD G. TVIURRAY
Term expires April 30, 1967
AUGUSTIN H. PARKER
Term expires April 30, 1970
SIDNEY R. RABB
Term expires April 30, 1969
PHILIP J. McNIFF
Director, and Librarian
Boston Public Library 3
Boston, July, 1967.
To the Board of Trustees of the Boston Public Library:
As Director, and Librarian of the Library I have the
honor to submit my first report covering the year January
1, 1966, to December 31, 1966.
It is significant that there has been considerable pro-
gress in regional library services and the utilization of
federal support in the year in which the members of the
Pubhc Library Division of the American Library Asso-
ciation adopted new Minimum Standards for Public
Library Systems, 1966. The systems concept of library
service permeates these new national standards and, as
indicated in the preface:
"The increasing interest of the federal government
in libraries, beginning with the Library Services Act
of 1956 and its subsequent extension and enlargement,
and followed in 1965 by the Higher Education Act
and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act —
both having important titles related to library de-
velopment — has had a powerful influence on library
The enrichment of the Library's resources and services
via federal government programs will be reported on
in the section dealing with acquisitions.
On October 26, 1966, in the office of Mayor John F.
Collins, a contract was signed between the Common-
wealth of Massachusetts and the City of Boston estab-
lishing the Eastern Regional Pubhc Library System.
This contract was a landmark in hbrary history for both
state and city. The formal establishment of this regional
system completes a regional development program which
began with the passage in 1960 of legislation granting
state aid to public libraries and authorizing the creation
of new patterns of cooperative library service. Under
the provision of Sections 19C and 19D of Chapter 760
of the Acts of 1960 of the Commonwealth of Massa-
chusetts, $950,000 will be available annually for the
full implementation of regional hbrary service for the
eastern part of the state.
4 City Document No. 15
The Boston Public Library will serve as the head-
quarters for a cooperative service program for some 200
Hbraries in 180 cities and towns in an area extending
from the New Hampshire border on the north to Cape
Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket on the south.
Sub-regional reference centers are to be established in
1967 in Andover, Lowell, Wellesley, Quincy, Taunton,
New Bedford, and Falmouth to complete the regional
framework which will provide 3,800,000 people equal
access to a high level of reference and research service
regardless of the size of the municipaUty in which they
A second highhght of the year 1966 was the resumption
of planning for the Central Library Addition. Phihp
Johnson of New York City had been selected by the
Trustees in 1963 to design the building, and active
planning for the project was undertaken in May of 1964.
Progress was suspended in 1965 due to revised cost
estimates which far exceeded the original. Permission
was granted in the spring of 1966 to undertake a thor-
ough review of the program and to have the architect
develop preliminary plans so that a realistic cost estimate
could be prepared and appropriate funds requested in
the 1967 capital outlay budget.
In the area of branch hbrary buildings steps were
taken to advance the Library's capital improvement
program. The long-delayed West End Branch, designed
by Maginnis and Walsh and Kenned}^ went out to bid
in the summer. Unfortunately, excessively high bids
were received and had to be rejected. After certain
design changes by the architect, a second bidding re-
sulted in a more favorable price. A contract was
awarded to the low bidder, and construction should be
completed by the end of 1967.
Sites and architects were selected for five additional
branch libraries, and funds for their construction are to
be requested in the 1967 capital outlay budget. These
new branches will replace inadequate and unsatisfactory
library units. The Brighton Bianch Library, which will
serve as Boston's first regional branch library, is being
Boston Public Library 5
designed by The Architects Collaborative Inc. The
architects appointed to design the remaining units are:
Eduardo Catalano for Charlestown; Kallmann and
McKinnell for Dudley Street; Holmes and Edwards for
Fields Corner; and Mitchell and Giurgola Associates for
the South End.
The Library staff has a duty to make the institution
dynamic; it must use a variety of means to extend
librar}^ services so that as many people as possible may
benefit from the use of available cultural and educational
resources. The Library has cooperated with community
organizations and activities; organized book, film, and
record programs within the hbrary units; and has
participated in regional services, such as film loan,
interlibrary loan, and telephone reference assistance.
Hours of library service were extended in five branch
libraries for the greater convenience of the citizens.
Beginning on October 8, the Brighton, Codman Square,
Egleston Square, Roslindale, and South Boston Branch
Libraries remained open on Saturday afternoons. Re-
sponse to these longer hours was most favorable. As
a further convenience bookmobile service on Boston
Common was restored after a hiatus of several years.
In recognition of the contributions of the Opera
Company of Boston, the Library arranged an exhibit,
''Salute to the Opera Company of Boston: Boston
Opera Then ;'ad Now," on the occasion of the staging
of the first United States production of Arnold Schoen-
berg's Moses and Aron. Other programs involving
community cooperation were : " Mexico Week in Boston,"
a National Library Week program arranged in co-
operation with the World Affairs Council; ''Freedom
from Racial Myths and Stereotypes Through Negro
History," in association with local Negro organizations;
the annual Jewish Book Month program, cosponsored
by the Boston Public Library and the Jewish Com-
munity Council of Greater Boston; and the sixth annual
6 City Document No. 15
Children's Book Fair, sponsored by the Library, the
Children's Book Council, Inc., the Massachusetts Bureau
of Library Extension, and the Boston Herald-Traveler.
Our Library programs have included a full range of
story hours, preschool programs. Never Too Late Group
meetings, listening and film programs, parents' discus-
sion groups, book talks, exhibitions, and visits of
classes, as well as local and foreign groups.
Indicative of the wide-ranging impact of hbrary
services is the fact that more than 291,000 people
attended the 13,443 film showings this past year. Of
these showings 1,092 took place in the Boston Public
Library system. The home use circulation of 61,414
recordings was supplemented by in-hbrary hstening
programs ranging from jazz — old and new — to chamber
music and symphonies. The elder citizens, the Never
Too Late Group, were provided a wide variety of
programs in the course of the year: illustrated lectures,
tours of local museums, choral concerts, talks b}' au-
thors, and reports on civic and urban reaewal develop-
The exhibits program serves to publicize the Library's
treasures and to alert casual viewers to the joys of
highly speciahzed interests. Among the treasures
exhibited during the year were: a show of some fifty
Daumier lithographs selected from the collection of
some 3,000 original hthographs to give a fresh ghmpse
of the artist's genius; books and manuscripts relating
to ships and the sea in an exhibit, ''Ships and the Sea:
A Tribute to Boston's Maritime Past"; a selection of
materials from the Rare Book Department for a display
entitled "Waiting for Spring: Books and Manuscripts
for the Gardener." Special interest exhibits included
books with fine bindings, the (rrandeur of Lace, Historic
Copley Square, and one celebrating the fiftieth anni-
versary of the Easter Rising and the Irish War of In-
dependence. One of the most successful author ex-
hibitions was "David McCord: A Portrait of the
Author." It comprised literary manuscripts, proof
sheets, books, a selection of his watercolors and drawings
along with some examples of his collecting tastes.
Boston Public Library 7
The celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of
the Wiggin Collection of Prints and Drawings as a
public collection within the Boston Public Library took
place on May 6 with a symposium, ''Art and Education."
A grant from the Albert H. and Jessie D. Wiggin
Foundation helped make the symposium possible.
The speakers were David McCord, essayist, poet, and
watercolorist ; David B. Little, Secretary and Registrar
of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston; and Sinclair H.
Hitchings, Keeper of Prints at the Boston Public
The opening on May 5 of a gallery specially designed
to house a series of eleven dioramas, "Printmakers at
Work," added a new dimension to the Albert H. Wiggin
Collection of Prints and Drawings. Commissioned by
Mrs. Sherburne Prescott (Marjorie Wiggin Prescott),
the eleven dioramas are based on experiences in the
lives of great printmakers and were designed by Louise
A revitalized publications program resulted in Francis
A. Comstock's A Gothic Vision: F. L. Griggs and His
Work, published jointly by the Boston Public Library
and the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; Art and Educa-
tion, the talks given at the symposium mentioned above ;
and English Literary Manuscripts in the Boston Public
Library: A Checklist. Catalogs of the ''Ships and Sea"
and "Waiting for Spring" exhibitions were prepared;
and the publication by G. K. Hall & Co. of A Catalog
of the Defoe Collection in the Boston Public Library will
assist the work of Defoe scholars.
The demand for expanded resources is due to a
number of factors: the population explosion, the publi-
cation explosion, the higher education explosion, the
rapidly diminishing world due to transportation and
communication advances, and the ever-expanding gov-
ernmental, business, and travel involvement in all parts
8 City Document No. 15
of the world. One need only reflect on the comment
made by the President's Committee on Education
Beyond the High School that we have become, without
realizing it, "a society of students." In 1900, shortly
after the Central Library Building was opened, only
one out of every twenty-five young people of college
age was in college; by 1960 the proportion was one out
of three; and it is predicted that by 1983 one out of
every two persons of college age will be in college.
Expansion in the formal educational program is ac-
companied by increased demands for information and
knowledge to meet the spiraUng qualifications for
advancement in business, industry, government, science,
and the professions. An ever-increasing flow of materials
— deahng with the histories and cultures of peoples in
all parts of the world, with scientific advancement, with
economic development, and with international and
local, state, and national governmental activities —
must be provided if the citizens are to make sound
judgments in this rapidly moving world.
Federal book credits, made available under the
Library Services and Construction Act, have enabled
the Library to expand its resources in a number of
areas. Gaps have been filled in a number of important
serial sets; other periodical sets, both English language
and foreign, have been acquired; important reference
sets have been added and microprint editions of re-
search materials, e.g., the complete file of United
Nations Documents, are now available. Arrangements
have been made to acquire over a two-year period the
complete output of the Readex Microprint Corporation.
This program includes approximately 1,000,000 titles
and is largely concentrated in the field of American
research materials. The Boston Pubhc Library is
assisting the Early American Newspapers project which
is being carried out in association with the American
Antiquarian Society. When this project is completed
all obtainable issues of nearly 2,000 newspapers will be
This federal support also allowed the Boston Public
Library to join some thirty-three university Ubraries,
the National Library of Australia, the New York PubUc
Boston Public Library 9
Library, and our own national libraries — the Library of
Congress, the National Agricultural Library, and the
National Library of Medicine — in participating in a
Latin American Cooperative Acquisition project. More
than 3,000 titles were received under this program.
The circulating collection of foreign language books
and the film collection were expanded under the LSCA
program. These federal book credits were made avail-
able to the Boston Public Library as the headquarters
library for regional service and as the library of last re-
course for the state.
A second federal program was utilized in January,
1966, when the Library became a participant in the
Israeli program of the Public Law 480 program. The
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of
1954 (Pubhc Law 83-480) allowed foreign countries in
underdeveloped areas to pay for United States surplus
agricultural products with local currencies. These cur-
rencies have to be spent mainly in the country of origin
and in waj's specified by Congress. Since the United
States was accumulating considerable excess credits in a
number of countries, an amendment was incorporated
in 1958 into the PL 480 Act as Section 104n, which
authorized the Library of Congress "to use foreign cur-
rencies within such appropriations as are made by
Congress for financing programs outside the United
States to purchase, catalog, index, and abstract books,
periodicals, and related materials determined to have
technical, scientific, cultural, or educational significance
in the United States; and to deposit such materials in
hbraries and research centers in this country specializing
in the areas to which they relate."
Participating libraries are selected with the advice of
appropriate committees of the Association of Research
Libraries or of joint committees of the ARL and learned
societies. For a token $500 annual payment Boston,
along with other research hbraries in the Israeli program,
received some twenty-three newspapers, 785 periodical
titles, and more than 1,000 monographic titles in 1966.
In addition, a cooperative cataloging project supported
by the participating libraries provides catalog cards for
these current Israeli publications at a greatly reduced cost.
10 City Document No. 15
The successful launching by the Library of Congress of
the National Program for Acquisitions and Cataloging
has far-reaching consequences for all libraries and es-
pecially for the ninety-two United States and Canadian
libraries, including the Boston Public Library, partici-
pating in the program. The Association of Research
Libraries, with the support of other organizations and
with the concurrence of the Librarian of Congress, was
influential in persuading the 89th Congress to amend
Title II of the Higher Education Act of 1965 by adding
Part C, ''Strengthening College and Research Library
Resources." It authorizes appropriations to enable the
Commissioner of Education to transfer funds to the
Librarian of Congress to:
(a) Acquire, so far as possible, all library materials
currently published throughout the world which are of
value to scholarship.
(b) Provide catalog information for these materials
promptly after receipt and distribute bibliograpliic in-
formation by printing catalog cards and by other means,
and enable the Library of Congress to use for exchange
and other purposes any of these materials not needed
for its own collection.
This program will enable this and other libraries to
ehminate backlogs of uncataloged and thus unusable
books ; it will expedite current cataloging and permit the
handling of the ever-increasing flow of material without
large additions to the staff; it will prevent unnecessary
duplication of effort; and it will provide a new tool for a
systematic acquisition program. Significant use has
been made of the Title IIC program in 1966, although
the maximum returns will not be felt until the total pro-
gram is in operation.
No attempt will be made to note in this report an
extensive list of significant acquisitions. However, the
acquisition of some 1,000 manuscripts and cognate
ephemera relating to Haiti, ranging from the early
seventeenth century to recent years, strengthened one
of the Library's most noteworthy collections. Virtually
complete collections of the writings of the eminent nine-
Boston Public Library 11
teenth -century Italian authors, Carducci and Leopardi,
were also acquired. A collection of 3,256 Italian opera
librettos was added to our music resources.
Building and Organization Changes
The overcrowded conditions in the Library make the
establishment of efficient work patterns most difficult.
The absence of adequate staff work space, the lack of
shelving for books, and pressures of increasing use are
further compounded by the necessity to evacuate the
Annex building, which is to be demolished to make way
for the Library Addition. The shifting of the Annex
book collection to a storage facility, the renovation of
the Lower Open Shelf area to house additional books,
and the building changes inherent in the setting up of a
new staff lounge, acquisition and book preparation areas
created a heavy work load for the mechanical and cus-
todial staff. The Buildings Department staff is to be
congratulated for doing an excellent job.
The former Branch Issue book stock, shelved in the
Annex, was merged with the Open Shelf collection, thus
doubling the number of volumes immediately available
for circulation in the Central Library. The new shelving
in the lower Open Shelf Room accommodated all the
fiction in the combined collections, and plans are being
developed to expand the shelving for the nonfiction.
The shift from Dewey to the Library of Congress
classification for the Open Shelf and branch collections
was a major decision. The use of one classification sys-
tem will simphfy cataloging and processing procedures,
make the transition from the general library to the re-
search collections easier for the user, and expedite the
full utilization of the benefits of the shared cataloging
being developed under the Title IIC section of the Higher
Education Act of 1965.
Microform services previously housed in the Patent
Room were expanded substantially with the acquisition
of the Readex Microprint collection and placed under
the jurisdiction of the Coordinator of Social Sciences.
Plans for a comprehensive Social Science Reference Ser-
vice will permit the reorganization of the serials docu-
12 City Document No. 15
The Science and Technology Department, which had
been located on the third floor in the middle of the fine
arts collections, was examined. A revised science and
technology reference collection was developed and trans-
ferred to the Patent Room. The nonreference books
were transferred to the Stack Service and serviced from
A gift of $1,000 was received from the Boston Chapter
of the Woman's National Book Association to establish
a book fund, the income to be used for the purchase of
books for the historical collection of children's books
which is being estabhshed to honor Ahce M. Jordan, first
Supervisor of Children's Services, Boston Public Library.
The sum of $250,000 was added to the Friedman
Building Fund, estabhshed on June 30, 1959, through
bequest by the will of Lee M. Friedman; an additional
$18,579 was added to the Lee M. Friedman Fund es-
tabhshed in 1962. The Arthur W. Heintzelman Fund
(not yet funded) received $370 from several contributors.
Gifts for current use included $1,600 from the Albert
H. and Jessie D. Wiggin Foundation to support the
Wiggin Gallery's twenty-fifth anniversary program;
$2,000 from Mrs. Marjorie Wiggin Prescott for the
pubhcation of a catalog of the Wiggin collection; $1,400
from Mrs. Prescott for the program for the opening of
the dioramas 'Trintmakers at Work"; $5,000 for the
Griggs Fund, a contribution from Francis A. Comstock;
$577.97 from Francis A. Comstock for the purchase of
books and prints; and $300 from the Boston Authors
Gifts of books, pamphlets, and other library materials
were received from a large number of individuals and
organizations. The Library is grateful for each of the
gifts of money and material received during the year
and wishes to record its appreciation of the generosity
of all who have contributed to the support of the Li-
brary's resources and programs. Among the useful
gifts were those received from :
American Legion, West Roxbury Post No. 167
Boston Public Library 13
Anthony, Julian D.
Baxter, Percival P.
Boston College Library
Boston Stock Exchange
Brazil, Consulate of U.S. in Boston
Carter, Catherine C.
Carter, Kathryn J.
Case, Mrs. Richard D.
Cohen, Yohanan, Consul of Israel
Consul General of Italy
Davidoff, Sydney E.
De Wolfe, Morton
Diario De Noticias
Fay, Ella V.
French Consulate in Boston
Friends of the Mattapan Branch Library
Governor Dummer Academy
Hale, Mrs. Joseph
Harvard College Library
Houghton Mifflin Company
Jackson & Moreland Division, United Engineers &
Jewish National & University Library
John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company
Johnson, Bessie M.
Lindahl, Wilham Allen (Collection)
McLaughhn, Louise E.
May, E. L.
Moore, L. W.
Nolan, Alfred A.
14 City Document No. 15
Pan American Union
Robart, E. Leslie
Shattuck, George C.
Smith, Charlotte B.
Smith College Library
Toledo Public Library
Carolyn Kirkham, Branch Librarian, Memorial
and Mt. Pleasant Branch Libraries, effective October 5,
Bradford M. Hill, Consultant to the Director (for
the Care of the Collections), effective March 22, 1966.
Ada A. Andelman, Supervisor of Home Reading
Services, effective April 30, 1966.
Sarah W. Flannery, Coordinator of the Humanities
and Curator of History, effective January 18, 1966.
Irene H. Tuttle, Branch Librarian, South Boston
Branch Library, effective March 31, 1966.
Ellen C. Peterson, Branch Librarian, Hyde Park
Branch Library, effective September 30, 1966.
Raymond B. Agler, Branch Librarian, Hyde Park
Branch Library, effective September 28, 1966.
Edward C. Fremd, Chief, Long Island Project,
effective September 28, 1966.
Philip Januszkiewicz, Acquisitions Librarian, Re-
sources and Acquisitions Department, effective August
Boston Public Library 15
A Data Processing Section was established to expedite
the procedures of Central Charging Records. Effective
September 28, 1966, Rodney D. Mosher was appointed
Data Processing Supervisor, in charge of this operation.
Mr. ]\Iilton E. Lord, Director Emeritus, conducted a
Seminar on Public Libraries at the Graduate School of
Library Science of McGill University in Montreal.
Mr. Lord has also been active in national and regional
Mr. PhiHp J. McNiff, the Director of the Library,
deUvered the Independence Day Oration in Faneuil
Hall on July 4. His topic was "Freedom and Respon-
Mr. John M. Carroll, Chief Librarian, Division of
Home Reading and Community Services, taught at
the Graduate School of Library Science of Simmons
College as did Miss Mildred C. O'Connor, Coordinator
of the Social Sciences, and Miss M. Jane Manthorne^
Coordinator of Work with Young Adults.
Miss Manthorne dehvered the Hewins-Melcher
Lecture at the meeting of the Round Table of Children's
Librarians during the annual conference of the New
England Library Association in Portsmouth.
I wish to take this occasion to express my appreciation
to the members of the Hbrary staff for their cooperation
and service during the past year and to thank the
members of the Board of Trustees for their support.
Philip J. McNiff,
Director, and Librarian.
City Document No. 1
Table 1. Circulation
Kirstein Business Branch
. . . 6,346
Adams Street .
Washington Village .
West Roxburv .
Hospital Librarj^ Service
. . . 2,767,185
Total, Branch Libraries
Total Book Circulation .
Boston Public Library
VOLUMES SENT ON INTER-LIBRARY LOAN
1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
902 1,111 1,277 5,349 6,126
Table 2. Growth of the Library
)me Reading and Community Services:
Volumes added 70,281
Volumes withdrawn .... 61,496
Total on iiand December 31 . . 756,563
iference and Research Services:
Volumes added 26,835
Volumes withdrawn .... 4,663
Total on hand December 31 . . 1,456,749
tal book stock 2,213,312
ms trips .
ntem slides .
ints and drawings
18 City Document No. 15
Table 3. Cataloging Statistics
Volumes processed 110,670
New titles cataloged 35,174
Original cataloging 8,923
LC cataloging 23,065
Rare book cataloging 1,044
LC cards processed for volumes cataloged 1965 . . . 2,091
Volumes reclassified 163
Microprints — Titles 23
— Boxes 1,429
— Cards 217
Microfilms — Titles 41
— Reels 320
Microfiche — Titles 1
— Sheets 466
LC cards processed 22,004
Typed cards 97,879
Mimeographed cards run 26,834
General Microfilm cards 721,260
Cards sent to National Catalog 28,973
Cards sent to National Union Catalog (withdrawn) . . 2,903
Table 4. Binding
1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
Volumes bound .... 22,269 18,772 20,788 18,459 31,292
Volumes repaired . . . .2,137 2,500 2,671 2,800 2,935
Photographs, plates, and maps
mounted 2,312 2,375 2,560 2,000 1,000
Boston Public Library
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