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eld Museum of Natural History 








Field Museum of Natural History 



HE QUIET, CLASSIC exterior of Field Museum belies the usual hum 
of activity within. Individuals and families; students and school 
groups; visiting scientists from throughout the world and graduate 
students using the research collections; readers in the library; users 
of the photographic collections and research personnel from industry 
— these and others brought Field Museum attendance to a 30-year 
high of almost 1,800,000 in 1966. 

While exhibits, educational programs, and research are the ulti- 
mate measures of a great science museum, its capacity to produce 
these "products" for its visitors rests on the museum organization 
itself: the people, collections, structure, and equipment. If any 
museum is to avoid mistaking form for substance it must build its 
strength in this order of priority. These elements of the organization 
must grow in strength and distinction in an order of magnitude 
comparable to its program. Thus this report is begun with deep 
gratitude to the Board of Trustees, Women's Board, and Members 
of Field Museum, who, sensitive to the material needs of the insti- 
tution, worked with the Staff to achieve tangible progress during 
the year 

Though emphasizing the Museum organization, the narrative 
must begin with an intangible — the return, on March 1, to the well- 
known name Field Museum of Natural History. In appreciation for 
the immense contributions made throughout the Museum's history 
by the Field family, and with particular recognition of the unparal- 
leled dedication of the late Stanley Field, the Board of Trustees 
unanimously voted early in the year, to return to the Museum's 
earlier name. The response of the community, overwhelmingly favor- 
able, seemed to be composed of almost equal parts of relief and affec- 
tion. For the Staff, the change dissolved a cloak of anonymity under 
which it had labored for 23 years. 

The Board of Trustees was strengthened by the addition of six 
new members, elected under the provisions of a change in the by-laws 
increasing the size of the Board from 21 to 27. Those elected were: 

William R. Dickinson, Jr. 

Marshall Field 

Paul W. Goodrich 

Gerald A. Sivage 

William G. Swartchild, Jr. 

E. Leland Webber 
At their request. Trustees William V. Kahler and Walter J. Cum- 
mings were elected Honorary Trustees. 

Another decision of the Board of Trustees, of signal importance 
to the strength of the Museum, was the authorization of a Women's 
Board. Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, an Associate in our Bird Divi- 
sion and a dedicated and loyal volunteer worker for the Museum for 
many years, was asked to head a committee to form the Board. The 
affirmative response was most gratifying and was clearly a combina- 
tion of respect for Ellen Smith and appreciation for Field Museum. 

Continued work on a survey of the building in consultation with 
John Dolio and Associates, Inc. was fruitful in delineating the major 
requirements for modernization of the Museum. It hardly need be 
stated that each step forward in the survey added liberal increments 
to the institution's capital needs, which were of multi-million-dollar 
dimensions with the survey yet incomplete. Perhaps the most sig- 
nificant, and certainly the most evident, building improvement com- 
pleted during the year was the cleaning of the north and south 
entrances — the first cleaning since completion of the Museum in 
1921. The removal of 45 years' accumulation of grime produced a 
dramatic transformation of the building's exterior. 

A major reorganization was accomplished in February with the 
establishment of a centralized Department of Exhibition. Prior to 
this time. Exhibition personnel had been attached to the respective 
scientific departments. Their consolidation into a single department 
was an important step toward accelerating and strengthening the 
Museum's exhibition program. 

As mentioned in last year's report, a Department of Planning and 
Development was established on January 1 headed by Mr. Robert E. 
Coburn. During the year, the Department became a going organiza- 
tion and an important factor in our public relations and fund-raising 

The financial needs of Field Museum that have been reported 
with unflagging regularity in the reports of the last several years were 
discussed with equal regularity at the monthly meetings of the Board 
of Trustees. Early in the year a Development Committee of the 
Board was formed, with Mr. Harry 0. Bercher as Chairman, to work 
with the Staff Department of Planning and Development as a means 
of meeting operating and capital requirements of the Museum. An 
important first step toward solving operating fund needs was the 
inauguration of a solicitation program of contributions from corpora- 
tions. By year's end more than 100 corporations and other business 
organizations had contributed. Of these, 35 were at a level of $1,000 
or more, which qualified the donors as Corporate Associates of the 

Museum. More than $49,000 was received from this source. Al- 
though no formal program of individual solicitation was undertaken, 
we are gratified that increased support was received from individuals. 
An organized solicitation of contributions from our Members is 
planned for 1967. As a condition precedent to this effort, increased 
effort was aimed at enlarging our Membership, which increased 20% 
during the year and stood at approximately 12,000 at year end. 

The Robert R. McCormick Trust made an extremely generous 
gift of $300,000 in support of our exhibition program. We are greatly 
indebted to the trustees of the McCormick Trust, who have granted 
in excess of $500,000 to the Museum during the last four years. Par- 
ticularly generous gifts were also received from Chicago Daily News 
Charities Fund, Chicago Sun-Times Charities Fund, Marshall Field 
& Company, International Harvester Foundation, The Peoples Gas 
Light & Coke Company, George A. Bates, William H. Mitchell, The 
Shinner Foundation, Mr. & Mrs. Jack C. Staehle, Mr. & Mrs. Wil- 
liam S. Street, Mr. & Mrs. Chester Dudley Tripp, The Chicago Com- 
munity Trust — John G. and Frances C. Searle Fund, Mr. & Mrs. 
Edward Byron Smith, and Solomon Byron Smith. The National 
Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, U. S. Army, 
Office of the Surgeon General, and U. S. Navy, Office of Naval Re- 
search, contributed significantly to the research funds of the Museum. 
A full list of individuals and corporations who contributed other than 
Membership funds during 1966 is carried on pages 30-32. 

Field Museum is in a period of transition. What has been accom- 
plished in recent years could not possibly have been done without the 
generous contributions of individuals and corporations in response to 
our statements of need for the institution. We have much yet to do. 
With the continuing help of all who wish nothing less than excellence, 
Field Museum will continue to move ahead. 


The formation of the Women's Board in May was a notable event 
for the Museum. Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith headed the group 
charged with the responsibility for establishing the Board, and a 
group of ladies who had expressed interest in Field Museum and its 
specialized areas of work were invited to membership. The charter 
membership of the Board stood at 164 at year end. 

A number of very successful events were held during the year, 
including a sponsorship of the Marshall Field & Company fall fashion 

showing, which was made available to the newly formed Board 
through the courtesy of the company. All costs were absorbed by 
Marshall Field & Company; thus, the entire proceeds of the benefit 
were made available, by decision of the Board's officers, to support 
the Museum's educational program for children. 

The interest and enthusiasm of the individual members of the 
Women's Board have been a stimulation to all of the staff who have 
had the privilege of working with them. 


Use of Field Museum by school groups continued to rise and 
reached a total attendance figure of 315,000, an increase of 50,000 
over the 1965 level. A significant portion of this increase can be 
directly attributed to various federal school aid programs, principally 
under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, which 
provide increased opportunity for educational enrichment through 
field trips. It is unfortunate, however, that no provision has been 
made in any of these federal programs to assist financially the mu- 
seums on which the very welcome but nonetheless very real logistic 
burdens are placed. 

Educational programs were presented in great variety and were 
restricted only by the staff limitations discussed in previous years. 

More than 50 different programs were available to school groups 
without charge on a reservation basis. The diversity of offerings 
may be seen by a sampling of program titles: Earth and Man, Ani- 
mal Migrations, How Plants Adapt to Surroundings, Ocean Life of 
Today, Cave Man to Civilization, Space Geology. More than 60,000 
students studied in the museum through these Raymond Foundation 
programs and hundreds of thousands of others benefited from the 
portable exhibits circulated to schools by the Harris Extension service. 

An excellent six-week summer course in Anthropology was con- 
ducted for a group of 25 high ability high school students selected 
from 200 applicants. Lectures, seminars, field trips, and an archaeo- 
logical excavation were conducted by a distinguished staff of an- 
thropologists from Field Museum and from outstanding universities. 
A summer institute in earth sciences was presented to 20 elemen- 
tary teachers and science consultants. The purpose of the institute 
was to broaden the teaching competence of the participants and 
to aid them in assisting in the improvement of science education in 
their local schools. Laboratory, lecture and field sessions combined 
to produce a successful six- week program. 

For the fifth consecutive year, the Museum collaborated with the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science in presenting 
the Holiday Science Lectures to approximately 800 selected science 
students of the metropolitan Chicago area. Dr. Paul Weiss, Pro- 
fessor of the Rockefeller University, New York, spent two days with 
the students lecturing on "Living Form, the Nature and Origin of 
Pattern." The Holiday Science Lectures and the two summer pro- 
grams were given with assistance from National Science Foundation. 

Taxidermist Carl Cotton, left, explains his work on Members' Night. 

Special Programs 

May 6 saw the largest attendance in the history of Field Museum's 
Members' Night; some three thousand Members' and friends, at-'' 
tended the evening, which was highlighted by a preview of a special 
exhibit of Maya stone rubbings in Hall 9 Gallery. They toured the 
research and preparation areas, as well, seeing such time-honored 
favorites as the taxidermy laboratory, and viewing current research 
projects of Museum scientists. 

Field Museum played host for the second year to the Showcase 
of Music Concerts, presented by the University of Indiana School of 
Music. The Museum Saturday Afternoon Lecture Series, held in 
the spring and fall, featured a series of lectures and films on nature 
and travel. The Chicago Area Teachers' Science Association Fair, 
with prize-winning science exhibits by Chicago and suburban stu- 
dents was held in May. The same month saw Chicago Latin Day, 
another annual student event. Kennicott Club, the Illinois Orchid 
Society, the Chicago Shell Club, the Audubon Society and similar 
groups continued to maintain close relations with the Museum. 

Rubbing from Maya 
Stone Carving 






Great as the geographical distances are between anthropological 
field sites scattered throughout the world, they are often not so stag- 
gering as the distances in time along the long span of human existence 
on this planet. In 1966, Field Museum anthropologists worked in 
settings as different as the hot, wet island of Guam and the Arizona 
desert. They studied periods ranging from the Old Stone Age of 
30,000 years ago, to the late 19th and early 20th centuries 

Dr. Glen Cole, Assistant Curator of Prehistory, carried out ar- 
chaeological research in Malawi, East Africa, in cooperation with 
Dr. Desmond Clark of the University of California, Berkeley. They 
excavated stone tools in stratigraphic context dating from about 
30,000 to 20,000 B.C. In addition, they carried out a successful re- 
connaissance for paleolithic sites in Tanzania, and Dr. Cole made a 
test excavation at Kalambo Falls, Zambia, in a deposit dating from 


35,000 to 25,000 B.C. It is expected that type collections of tools 
from these different excavations will be added to the Museum's 
African collections. 

Dr. Phillip H. Lewis, Curator of Primitive Art and Melanesian 
Ethnology, made a month's study trip to examine and photograph 
New Ireland specimens in German and Swiss museums. Analysis 
of the data collected will enable him to define the art style areas of 
this large Melanesian island. He plans to check these conclusions 
during a field trip to New Ireland in the near future. 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator Emeritus, completed a second 
and final season of excavation at Hay Hollow site, eastern Arizona. 
This research was supported by a grant from the National Science 
Foundation. Extraordinary and enthusiastic help was rendered by 
eight undergraduate students, whose presence was made possible 
by a grant from the Undergraduate Research Participation Program 
of the National Science Foundation. The students undertook indi- 
vidual research projects. The goal of the investigations was to de- 
termine the social and cultural changes that took place when the 
people of Hay Hollow site were shifting from a hunting-gathering 
subsistence to an agricultural base. From carbon 14 determinations, 
the site dates from about 200 B.C. to a.d. 200. 

Dr. Fred Reinman, Assistant Curator of Oceanic Archaeology 
and Ethnology, completed his archaeological field work on Guam in 
June. The expedition, supported by the National Science Founda- 
tion, located 136 sites and excavated five of these, ranging in time 
from the beginning of the Christian era to modern times. The re- 
mainder of the year was spent at the Museum in analyzing the large 
quantity of pottery, fishing gear, tools of stone, bone and shell, and 
food remains recovered from the prehistoric house sites. 

During the summer Dr. James W. VanStone, Associate Curator 
of North American Archaeology and Ethnology, worked on a long 
range project for the study of culture change during the 19th cen- 
tury among the Indians and Eskimos of southwestern Alaska, par- 
ticularly the effect of Western impact on these groups. He used 
archaeological techniques to supplement the available ethnographic 
and archival data. He excavated a historic Tanaina Indian village 
on Lake Clark and collected ethnographic data. The work was 
undertaken with the joint support of the National Museum of Can- 
ada and the University of Manitoba. Students from the latter in- 
stitution assisted. Toward the end of the summer he carried out 
additional surveys and collected settlement pattern data in the 
Nushagak River region where he hopes to do additional field work. 


There are many gaps in the Museum's ethnographic collections 
from Africa. In order to fill some of them Leon Siroto, Assistant 
Curator of African Ethnology, has been encouraging graduate stu- 
dents in anthropology and other persons going to Africa to collect 
needed material. Useful collections have already been made by 
Robert Asher of Chicago and William Sytek of the University of 

Mrs. Christine Danziger, Conservator, expanded the kinds of 
materials studied and treated in the Conservation Laboratory. The 
major part of her efforts was devoted to the cleaning and restoration 
of painted wood carvings and the treatment of leather specimens 

The educational effort of the Department of Anthropology con- 
tinued at a somewhat accelerated rate. Phillip Lewis and James 
VanStone were appointed Lecturers in Anthropology at the Univer- 
sity of Chicago. Also, at Northwestern University, Lewis gave a 
course on The Art of Non-literate Peoples. Chief Curator Donald 
Collier and Kenneth Starr, Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Eth- 
nology, gave courses at the University of Chicago. Of particular 
interest was the increase in emphasis on undergraduate work in An- 
thropology. Dr. Martin's Summer Course in Archaeology was given 
to eight talented undergraduates. Curators Collier, Starr, Cole and 
Siroto participated in the Raymond Foundation's Summer Science 
Course in Anthropology, for Chicago area high school students. 

Stuart Struever, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Northwestern University, super- 
vised a dig for high school students during a summer course in Anthropology given by 
the Museum's Raymond Foundation. The dig excavated an Indian village near 
Flossmoor. Here, Struever examines a hammerstone held by student Theresa Gentry. 


Lycaste \irginalis alba, the white nun orchid, national flower of Guatemala. 

The Museum's long term field and research program in the botany 
of the new world tropics gained momentum during 1966. Major 
field work was carried out in Central America and in Peru during the 
year. Dr. William C. Burger, Assistant Curator of Vascular Plants, 
Ing. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate, and Dr. Louis O. Williams, 
Chief Curator, collected in previously little known areas of Nicaragua 
and Costa Rica. Burger has begun work on an account of the vege- 
tation of Costa Rica, which has not been comprehensively studied for 
about 30 years. 

In 1966 Servicio Forestal y de Caza, of Peru, and Field Museum 
were engaged in a cooperative research project to study the forests 
and forest products of Amazonian Peru, a vast region mostly unex- 
plored botanically. The facilities of Servicio Forestal in Peru and 
the research capabilities of Field Museum in Chicago should make 
this a productive undertaking. Mr. Donald R. Simpson, who was 
appointed to the staff as Assistant Curator of Peruvian Botany, 
Dr. Williams and Mr. Schunke, began field work in this region at 
Iparia National Forest. Dr. Gabriel Edwin, Assistant Curator of 
Vascular Plants, also did field work in Peru in connection with his 
preparation of a study of the Scrophulariaceae for the Flora of Peru. 


The cooperative studies of the Central American flora carried out 
by Escuela Agrlcola Panamericana (Honduras) and Field Museum 
have continued to be productive of research materials. Staff and a 
graduate student were in the field at the beginning and again at the 
end of the year with Field Assistant Ing. Antonio Molina R. 

Dr. Patricio Ponce de Leon, Assistant Curator of the Crypto- 
gamic Herbarium, completed a monograph on the Geastraceae, a 
family of fungi. He began similar studies of the Lycoperdaceae, an 
allied family. Mrs. Dorothy N. Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium, 
has completed manuscript accounts of two families for both the Flora 
of Peru and the Flora of Guatemala. Mr. Robert G. Stolze, Her- 
barium Assistant, made a collecting trip to the high Beartooth 
Mountains in Montana and Wyoming, east of Yellowstone National 
Park. His collections increase the usefulness of the Museum's repre- 
sentation from the Rocky Mountains region. 

The Museum's botanical field program was highly productive. 
Nine-five accessions were made during the year, for a total of about 
43,000 specimens. Some 23,000 specimens came in from our coop- 
erative Central American program; about 6,000 from the Beartooth 
Mountains; and al- 
most 400 from the 
Street Expedition to 
Afghanistan, the re- 
mainder from gifts and 
exchanges. Original 
sets of Museum expe- 
dition collections are 
deposited in our her- 
barium while dupli- 
cates are sent to scien- 
tific institutions around 
the world. 

Technician Frank Boryca preparing a plant 
model for Botany exhibit. 


These dramngs of Tullimonstrum gregarium were done by students at Hyde Park 
High School from an unilltistrated scientific description written by Eugene Richard- 
son, Curator, Fossil Invertebrates. Top view is by Wanda Black, ventral view by 
Annette Stewart, lateral view by Sheila Fairbanks. The model (bottom) is by Dr. 
Tibor Perenyi, of the Museum. 


Dr. Robert F. Mueller, Research Associate in Mineralogy, and Dr. 
Edward J. Olsen, Curator of Mineralogy, have finished three major 
papers on their meteorite work. They have just undertaken a large 
project to study diffusion in stone meteorites. 

In 1966 Dr. Louis Fuchs of Argonne National Laboratory and 
Olsen discovered three new minerals in two of the Museum's meteo- 
rites. Brianite and panethite were found in the Dayton meteorite 
and krinovite in the Wichita County meteorite. They have not yet 
been found as terrestrial minerals. The former two have been com- 
pletely described and approved by the International Mineralogical 

Olsen also identified the amphibole richterite (soda tremolite) in 
the iron meteorite Wichita County. Amphiboles, which contain com- 
bined water, are extremely common in terrestrial rocks, but until 


The Chalmers Topaz, 5,890 
carats of blue topaz, cut for the 
Museum by Walter Kean. It 
is the world's largest faceted 
blue topaz. 

now, none has ever been found in a meteorite. This particular occur- 
rence gives information about the environment in which the meteo- 
rite was formed and about the abundance of water in primitive solar 

In conjunction with a group from Argonne National Laboratory, 
Olsen published work on the metal-chemical characteristics of ancient 
copper-based artifacts in the journal Science. Using highly sophisti- 
cated techniques, they measured impurities in the copper used in 
making the various artifacts, which ranged from Palestinian battle- 
axes to Mexican bells and Peruvian tools. The relative proportions 
of the impurities give clues to the type of ore-source and may ulti- 
mately lead to a geographic identification of the ore-sources. 

The collection of meteorites, one of the largest, and certainly one 
of the most useful collections in the world, containing representatives 
of more than half the known world total of meteorites, was entirely 
retrayed during the year. The late Mr. Henry Horback relabelled 
a major part of it. Several large iron meteorites which were badly 
rusted have been cleaned by the Conservation Laboratory of the 
Department of Anthropology. From rough material in our mineral 
collection, a 1400-carat white topaz was cut by Mr. Walter Kean. 
Thanks to arrangements made by Curator Olsen, a major meteorite 
exchange was completed with Arizona State University. 

Dr. Bertram G. Woodland, Curator of Igneous and Metamorphic 
Petrology, advanced his study of deformed metamorphic rocks from 
central Vermont. His particular problem is the microscopic investi- 
gation of the orientation of mineral grains in these rock specimens 
which will give clues to the deformational history of the area. Study 
of metamorphic rocks from the central Black Hills of South Dakota 
continued, and metamorphic rocks in the Blue Ridge area of North 
Carolina have been collected and examined. 

Dr. John Clark, Associate Curator of Sedimentary Petrology, ex- 
tended his study of Oligocene paleogeography from South Dakota 
into Nebraska and Wyoming. The 1966 field project with Orville L. 


Gilpin, Chief Preparator of Fossils, yielded new information and 
specimens of fossil vertebrates. Clark finished a paper on a new 
family of extinct insectivorous mammals. 

Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, 
and Professor Ralph G. Johnson of the University of Chicago, a Re- 
search Associate at the Museum, have continued their program of 
field and laboratory work on the rich fossil fauna of the Coal Age, 
using specimens collected from strip mines of the Peabody Coal 
Company, south of Chicago. 

Matthew H. Nitecki, Associate Curator of Fossil Invertebrates, 
has been working on the receptaculitids. He is undertaking a sys- 
tematic revision of the Middle Paleozoic forms, which are algae, not 
sponges as is generally assumed. During the summer of 1966, Nitecki 
did field work in the Ozark region of Missouri and the Mississippi 
valley region. 

Dr. Robert H. Denison, Curator of Fossil Fishes, completed a 
study of Ordovician vertebrates from western North America, based 
principally on collections made in 1949, 1964 and 1965. His paper 
describes the numerous fragmentary remains, considers their growth, 
and examines the histology of the various hard tissues of their skele- 
tons. During 1966 Denison also finished a description of the earliest 
known lungfish, specimens of which have been found at the Museum's 
quarry in the early Devonian rocks of the Bighorn Mountains of 

Associate Curator of Fossil Mammals, Dr. William D. Turnbull, 
continued work on two major studies : one on the mammalian masti- 
catory apparatus and a report on the mammalian tooth remains of 
the Hamilton Fauna (Late Pliocene) of Australia. Both are near 
completion. The study of the Hamilton Fauna is a joint project by 
Curator Turnbull and Dr. E. L. Lundelius, Jr., of the University of 
Texas. The animals they are describing are an important link in 
mammalian evolution in Australia. Specimens, however, are few. 
In 1963-64 Turnbull and Lundelius collected 145 teeth from over 
three tons of matrix. In order to provide a more adequate sampling 
of the fauna, they returned to Australia late in 1966 and processed 
several times the amount of matrix treated in the original trip. 

Dr. Rainer Zangerl, Chief Curator of Geology, worked on several 
Pennsylvanian sharks from the Mecca and Logan Quarry shales of 
Indiana; in particular, he analyzed the numerous specimens of Agas- 
sizodus. He also wrote a manuscript on the shell of turtles for the 
forthcoming Biology of Reptiles, Academic Press. 


The limpkin, found in Georgia and Florida, as well as Central and South America. 

A drawing by 
'O ^ 1 Douglas Tibbitts 

for Emmet R. 
Blake's Manual 
of Neotropical 



Chief Curator Austin L. Rand brought his Handbook of New 
Guinea Birds close to publication and opened a new exhibit on Con- 
vergence, showing how different animals — birds in the exhibit^ — 
evolve similar structures to deal with similar situations. Rand also 
finished the section Nedariniidae (sunbirds) for a forthcoming vol- 
ume of Peters' Checklist of the Birds of the World. 

DIVISION OF MAMMALS— Curator Joseph Curtis Moore reported 
on two genera of Pacific whales to the Eleventh Pacific Science Con- 
gress in Tokyo. He completed manuscript on the superfamily of 
beaked whales for publication in the Museum series Fieldiana. Re- 
search Curator Philip Hershkovitz neared the end of his book on 
the marmosets of South America. Associate Jack Fooden, working 
on macaque monkeys, left for Thailand at the end of the year. For 
four months he will be in the field investigating macaques in areas 
where two or more kinds occur together. He will seek evidence of 
intergradation or hybridization and look for interactions of members 
of two species meeting naturally in the field. Analysis of data from 
the W. S. and J. K. Street Expedition to Afghanistan occupied Jerry 
Hassinger and Hans Neuhauser. Hassinger, a Street Expedition 
Fellow, and a Thomas J. Dee Fellow of the Museum, has been work- 
ing on the terrestrial mammals of the area. Neuhauser, also a 
Thomas J. Dee Fellow, worked on the bats. Both men participated 
in the expedition in 1965. 


DIVISION OF BIRDS— The single most important acquisition of the 
year was a mounted specimen of the Great Auk received from the 
Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles, Brussels, in exchange for a 
suite of North American birds. There are only 78 Great Auk speci- 
mens left in the world, and this is only the tenth in North America. 
It probably came from Eldey Island, Iceland, prior to 1840. For 
some years in private hands, it passed to the Brussels museum and 
finally to Chicago. Emmet R. Blake, Curator of Birds, formally 
launched his research project on the birds of Central and South 
America, with an assistant from a National Science Foundation grant. 
The year was spent in intensive work on the more than 500 species 
of birds which will be covered in the first volume of The Manual of 
Neotropical Birds. Several volumes are expected in the next few 
years. Associate Curator Melvin A. Traylor completed a study of 
the evolution of the birds of the Andes Mountains and presented a 
paper on the subject at the International Ornithological Congress at 
Oxford. He worked also on the African Sylviidae (Old World 
Warblers) for Peters' Checklist of Birds of the World. 

Inger completed an ecological and taxonomic study of some 33,000 
frog specimens from Garamba National Park, Congo. Inger ob- 
served and collected in this Congolese National Park, and his field 
experiences have richly contributed to his forthcoming report on this 
varied African fauna. Inger left for Washington in September on a 
year's leave of absence. He was appointed Program Director of 
Environmental Biology, National Science Foundation. Associate 
Curator Hjmien Marx and Dr. George B. Rabb, Associate Director 
of Brookfield Zoo and a Research Associate of the Museum, studied 
the phylogenetic relationships of the poisonous viperine snakes. In 
another cooperative effort, Mr. Marx and Dr. Konrad Klemmer, of 
the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt-am-Main, are preparing a 
checklist of the poisonous snakes of the family Elapidae, which in- 
cludes the cobras, coral snakes and kraits. The cobras, because of 
their habits, size and proximity to densely populated areas, probably 
take a higher toll of human life than any other snakes, 

DIVISION OF FISHES— Curator Loren P. Woods continued revision 
of the Order Berycoidei for publication in the Sears Foundation 
Memoir Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. The berycoids are 
primitive, spiny-rayed fish. Additional work on the order involved 
examining and reporting on collections from the waters off Easter 
Island in the southeast Pacific and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean. 


DIVISION OF INSECTS— The most important event of the year was 
the pubhcation by Field Museum of Ectoparasites of Panama, the 
fruit of a cooperative project supported by U. S. Army Medical Re- 
search and Development Command, Office of the Surgeon General. 
Twenty specialists collaborated in writing the 850-page book which 
was edited by Curator Rupert Wenzel and Lt. Col. Vernon J. Tipton. 
It includes 18 papers dealing with the classification, biology and ecol- 
ogy of the mites, ticks, fleas, lice and other blood-sucking external 
parasites of vertebrates, chiefly mammals, that occur in Panama. 
The papers are based principally on extensive survey collections 
made by the Army, U. S. Public Health Service and Gorgas Memorial 
Laboratory from 1959 to 1962. More than 360 species of parasites 
are treated. Fifteen new genera and more than 115 new species are 
described. The book is the most comprehensive treatment of its kind 
for any tropical country. It will be used to assist in identifying po- 
tential disease carriers during bio-medical surveys being conducted 
along possible routes for a new trans-Isthmian canal. Remarkable 
progress was made in the processing of collections. A great backlog, 
however, of unprepared specimens totaling about three-quarters of 
a million insects remains to be processed. The backlog constitutes 
perhaps the major problem of the Division, a problem which must 
be solved if the rich collection resources are to be made available to 
research workers. The most important acquisition of the year was 
the Alexander Bierig Collection of over 30 thousand beetles. A small 
but highly significant exchange shipment of 25 histerid beetles from 
Dr. 0. Kryzhanovskij of the Zoological Institute of Leningrad repre- 
sents the first exchange of insect research material between Field 
Museum and the Leningrad Institute. 

Photo by Hymen Marx 

The saw-scaled viper, Echis carinatus, is one of the species being used in a study by 
Dr. George B. Rabb and Mr. Hymen Marx. 


The gentle jird, Meriones crassus, is a common Aotuuc rodent. It is one of over 100 
species of mammals reported on by Douglas Lay in the Museum's forthcoming 
Mammals of Iran, a Report of the Street Expedition to Iran. The Streets have led 
two expeditions for Field Museum recently, the latest, 1965, to Afghanistan, resulted 
in a significant increase in our knowledge of animals of this area. 

stantially completed the text for a monograph of Pacific Island endo- 
dontid snails. Many things go into the making of a scientific mono- 
graph and several assistants were occupied with illustration of shells 
and soft parts, preparation of charts, mounting, labeling, statistical 
calculations and so forth. Solem began another long range study, the 
problems associated with shell reduction in gastropods. Mr. Laurie 
Price, who has collected for Dr. Solem for some years, spent the 
Australian spring, from mid-October to mid-December, collecting in 

F. Liem completed his work on the functional morphology of the 
respiratory mechanisms of the amphibious fish Monopterus albus. 
He found that this Asiatic fish, which can live out of water for indefi- 
nite periods in moist land environments, breathes with its skin and 
the linings of the mouth, gill cavity and esophagus. Even in water, 
seventy-five per cent of the total oxygen requirement is gathered 
from the air and only twenty-five from water. Liem also completed 
functional anatomical studies on the kissing gourami Helostoma, and 
Luciocephalus pulcher, another air-breathing Asiatic fish. He began 
a study of the explosive adaptive radiation of the fish family Cichli- 
dae in Lake Tanganyika. 



As mentioned earlier, an initial step toward a more active exhi- 
bition program was taken early in the year with the establishment 
of a separate Department of Exhibition. Artists, preparators, and 
technicians previously assigned to one or another of the four scien- 
tific departments are now joined in a single force so that their diversi- 
fied talents and skills may be applied with greater coordination and 
flexibility in the exhibition program. 

The arrival from South America and subsequent exhibition of the Sierra 
Sagrada, piloted alone by Francis Brenton, caused considerable stir in 
Chicago during 1966. These photos show the boat as it came to the 
Museum. Brenton is at lower right, helping with the exhibit. 

A second preliminary step has been the creation of an Exhibition 
Committee, charged with over-all planning of a comprehensive, bal- 
anced program that best employs the resources of the Museum in 
providing for all who seek information about the natural world. 


Progress was made in two major undertakings begun before con- 
solidation of the exhibition staff; these are the revision of exhibits 
dealing with Tibet and work toward the completion of the Hall of 
Useful Plants. However, a large number of special exhibits and 
events absorbed much of the efforts of the exhibition staff. Some of 
these were annual events such as the 21st Chicago Exhibition of 
Nature Photography sponsored by the Chicago Nature Camera Club ; 
the 2nd Annual Chicago Shell Fair sponsored by the Chicago Shell 
Club; the 16th Annual Amateur Handcrafted Gem and Jewelry Com- 
petitive Exhibition sponsored by the Chicago Lapidary Club; draw- 
ings and other forms of art work by students of the Junior School of 
the Art Institute of Chicago ; and the all too brief Orchid Show spon- 
sored by the Illinois Orchid Society in November. 

An exhibition of paintings and drawings by Abelam and Kilengi 
people of the Territory of New Guinea obtained by Dr. Philip C. 
Dark, Research Associate, and Dr. Robert MacLennan, inaugurated 
the use of the Museum's new special exhibition gallery in Hall 9 on 
4 March. It was followed in May by a display of rubbings by Mrs. 
Merle Smith from Maya stone carvings. An exhibition of floral lino- 
block prints by Henry Evans, one of bird paintings by Mrs. Florence 
Guise, based in part on studies of specimens in the Museum's col- 
lections, and a display of work by students enrolled in a Summer Art 
Seminar sponsored by the Chicago Board of Education were others 
in the series of non-recurring special exhibits. The display in Stanley 
Field Hall of a catamaran made of two Indian dugout canoes assem- 
bled by Francis Brenton and sailed by him from Cartagena, Colom- 
bia, to Burnham Harbor in Chicago, created a great deal of public 
interest. Almost as sudden and unexpected was the opportunity to 
exhibit the work of Huang Chun-pi and Kao Yi-hung, two of 
Nationalist China's foremost painters in the classic tradition. Both 
artists were in attendance during the exhibition from November 10 
to 18 and demonstrated their methods of painting on two occasions, 
one of which was in Simpson Theatre for the general public. 

Several displays of recent accessions were exhibited in Stanley 
Field Hall. These were: a painting by M. Gudin, court painter to 
King Louis Phillipe of France, portraying a canoe race between In- 
dians and French sailors, which was presented to the Museum by 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller; selected minerals from a collection given by 
Mr. Glenn Commons; and a huge quartz crystal weighing 350 pounds 
obtained by purchase. A faceted blue topaz, the Chalmers topaz, 
weighing 5,890 carats, also obtained by purchase, was placed in a 
special display case on the south second floor gallery. 



Two illustrations from Die Saugethiere, The 
Library received an extremely rare, com- 
plete set of this work published from 1 775 to 

In 1966 the Museum Library experienced, more than ever before, 
the impact of the current emphasis on education and research. This 
increased pressure was felt, on the one hand, from greater numbers 
of readers, and on the other from the growing number of newly- 
acquired books and documents. Expanded research has accelerated 
the cooperative inter-library loan program. Reading Room attend- 
ance increased 21 per cent in 1966, and circulation rose over 38 per 
cent. Full use of the Library's resources cannot be computed accu- 
rately because Reading Room activities do not include statistics of 
the literature used in the departmental and divisional libraries by 
staff, visiting colleagues and students. Statistics also fail to reflect 
many other activities such as the consultation of reference works 
and the various abstracting and indexing services. With the appoint- 
ment, in October, 1966, of a full time assistant in the Reading Room, 
the service has become much more efficient. In addition, the two 
exhibit cases installed in the Reading Room for displays of special 
collections enable visitors to see our rare and unusual books, and at 
the same time serve an important function in the Museum's public 

The Library's acquisitions program has been moving at an accel- 
erated pace. During 1966 more than 11,200 books and periodicals 
were added to the collection. 

The usefulness of the card catalog has been extended by the ad- 
dition of 26,740 cards. The catalog is the key instrument for the 
retrieval of information from the Library's resources, which were 
augmented by the addition of 2,900 titles representing 6,100 volumes. 


There was most satisfactory progress on the Library's reclassifi- 
cation program, as well. 1,930 title cards corresponding to 4,280 
volumes were reclassified. It is expected that this herculean task 
will be completed within the next few years. 

Many gifts from individuals, governments and institutions were 
received. The most important is an extremely rare set of all seven 
volumes of Die Sdugethiere in Ahbildungen Nach Der Natur (trans- 
lated Animal Kingdoms), by J. C. D. von Schreber. These books, 
published between 1775 and 1835, were given to the Museum by 
Mrs. Frederick F. Sellers. To all those who have made donations 
to the Library, and to all those who have contributed by their efforts 
and interest, the Library wishes to extend its cordial thanks. 

Building Operations 

Hall 9 Gallery, designed to house special exhibits and to act as a 
rest area for visitors, was opened this year. Work on Hall 32, which 
will house a permanent exhibit on the civilization of Tibet, accel- 
erated. Well-appointed new offices for the Department of Develop- 
ment and Planning, which includes Public Relations and the Women's 
Board, and for the Raymond Foundation, were designed and com- 
pleted during the year. 

Public Information Services 

Field Museum Press published over 2,000 pages of scientific ma- 
terial in 1966, in fourteen papers and monographs of varying length. 
Responsible also for the Bulletin and a great deal of miscellaneous 
internal and external printing — brochures, pamphlets and the like — 
the Press had an active and productive year. The Division of Public 
Relations, intensifying its efforts to bring the story of Field Museum 
to the public, saw increased coverage of Museum work and events 
by the metropolitan press, the wire services, television networks and 
other media. The Museum Book Store, serving visitors to the Mu- 
seum and others, added two hundred titles to its stock of natural 
history books and increased its sales by fourteen per cent. The 
skilled members of the Divisions of Photography and Motion Pic- 
tures added their essential photographic art to the publishing and 
public relations programs, and continued their important contribu- 
tions to the research effort of the four scientific departments. 



Comparative Statement of Receipts 

and Expenditures - Current Funds 

Years 1966 and 1965 


RECEIPTS 1966 1965 
Endowment income — 

From investments in securities $ 917,002 $ 835,501 

From investments in real estate 112,000 112,000 

$1,029,002 $ 947,501 

Chicago Park District— tax collections 374,307 358,663 

Annual and sustaining memberships 59,244 45,431 

Admissions 51,406 50,036 

Unrestricted contributions and sundry receipts . . 304,703 276,429 
Restricted funds transferred and expended 

through Operating Fund 357,483 817,797 

$2,176,145 $2,495,857 


Operating expenses — 

Departmental $ 850,692 $ 783,377 

General 832,791 693,171 

Building repairs and alterations 234,692 176,266 

$1,918,175 $1,652,814 

New geology and library facilities $ 14,053 $ 509,012 

Collections — purchases and expedition costs 128,243 127,447 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 48,194 26,133 

Provision for heating plant renewal 22,486 22,486 

Pension appropriations contributed to 

pension trust in 1966 (Note) 50,000 50,000 

Appropriation for building and exhibit moderni- 
zation 110,000 

$2,181,151 $2,497,892 

DEFICIT FOR THE YEAR $ 5,006 $ 2,035 

Note: The Museum converted its group annuity pension plan on December SI, 
1966 into a contributory trusteed pension plan which provides for liberalized 
pension benefits. A substantial unfunded past service liability exists under the 
new plan, but current actuarial estimates hereof are not yet available. In 1966, 
a contribution of $150,000 was mxide to the pension trust to fund a portion of 
this liability. This amount was made up of $50,000 unthdrawn from unre- 
stricted endowment and $50,000 appropriated from income in each of the years 
1965 and 1966. 




1966 1965 

Income from endowments $ 54,747 $ 51,831 

Expenditures 45,311 43,925 




From Specific Endowment Fund investments .. . $ 112,256 $ 106,540 

Contributions and grants for specific purposes . . . 597,000 648,840 
Operating Fund provision for heating plant 

renewal 22,486 22,486 

Sundry receipts 70,169 

Gain on sale of restricted fund securities 471 1,091 

$ 732,213 $ 849,126 


Expended through Operating Fund $ 357,483 $ 817,797 

Added to endowment fund principal 65,000 55,000 

$ 422,483 $ 827,797 


EXPENDITURES $ 309,730 $ (23,671) 

The Board of Trustees, 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

We have examined the accompanying comparative statement of receipts and 
expenditures — current funds of the Field Museum of Natural History for the year 
ended December 31, 1966. Our examination was made in accordance with gen- 
erally accepted auditing standards, and accordingly included such tests of the 
accounting records and such other auditing procedures as we considered necessary 
in the circumstances. 

In our opinion, the statement mentioned above presents fairly the receipts 
and expenditures of the current funds of the Field Museum of Natural History 
for the year ended December 31, 1966, in conformity with generally accepted 
accounting principles applied on a basis consistent with that of the preceding year. 

Arthur Young & Company 
March 7, 1967 


Use During 1966 of Income from Special 
Purpose Endowment Funds 

Edward E. Ayer Lecture Foundation Fund 

Cost of Museum Lecture Series $ 5,339 

Frederick Reynolds and Abbey Kettle Babcock Fund 

Subsidy to Publication Program 2,847 

Mrs. Joan A. Chalmers Bequest Fund 

Purchase of specimens 6,776 

Laboratory equipment and supplies 1,926 

Emily Crane Chadbourne Zoological Fund 

Field trips 700 

CoNOVER Game Bird Fund 

Purchase of specimens 1,610 

Expeditions and study trips 2,389 

Thomas J. Dee Fellowship Fund 

Fellowship grants 4,536 

Group Insurance Fund* 

Group insurance cost 6,568 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension Fund 
Preparation, care and distribution of exhibits to 

Chicago schools 45,311 

Library FuNDf 

Purchase of books and periodicals 12,000 

James A. Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School 
and Children's Lecture Fund 
Subsidy to public school and children's lecture program 46,472 

Maurice L. Richardson Paleontological Fund 

Expeditions, field work, and professional meetings 2,939 

Homer E. Sargent Fund 

Purchase of specimens 650 

Karl P. Schmidt Fund 

Study grant 35 

These funds have been used in accordance with the stipulations under which 
they were accepted by the Museum. In addition, the income from more than 
$20,000,000 of unrestricted endowment funds was used in general Museum operation. 

* Established by Stanley Field 

t Established by Edward E. Ayer, Huntington W. Jackson, Arthur B. Jones, 
Julius and Augusta N. Rosen wald 


Contributions and Bequests 

The gifts of many individuals have built a great mu- 
seum. Contributions and bequests now and in the future 
will permit needed improvement of exhibits, expansion 
of the educational program, and increased support of 
scientific research. The following form is suggested to 
those who wish to provide for Field Museum of Natural 
History in their wills: 

Form of Bequest 

I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of 
Natural History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 

Cash contributions to Field Museum of Natural History 
are allowable as deductions in computing net income for 
federal income tax purposes. 


MUSEUM - 1966 


Mr. & Mrs. Richard 

Reed Armstrong 
Norman Asher 
Robert A. Asher 
Dr. William C. Burger 
Robert C. Campbell 
Mrs. Annette E. 

Walter A. Carpus 
Prof. Huang Chun-pi 
Dr. Donald Collier 
Cranbrook Institute of 

Jean M. F. Dubois 

Mrs. Robert C. Eichin 
Edwards D. Ford 
Morton Goldsholl 
James R. Groundwater 
Mrs. Nicholas Hopkins 
C. N. Hsu 
Laura S. Konsberg 
Duane F. Lambert 
Prof. Doo Hyun Lee 
Christopher C. Legge 
Dr. C. L. Lundell 
Captain Arthur L. 

Mrs. Walter H. Nadler 

Elmer T. Nelson 
Douglas Newton 
Merrell Petty 
Dr. Fred M. Reinman 
Donald Roll 
Robert G. Ruvel 
Victor E, Sabo 
Robert Trier 
William D. Turnbull 
Mrs. Joseph H. White 
Mr. & Mrs. Raymond J. 

Dr. & Mrs. Louis O. 

Prof. Kao Yi-hung 


Holly Reed Bennett 
Dr. Robert F. Betz 
Dr. William Burger 
Henry P. Butcher 
University of California 
Phil Clark 
A. H. Heller 
Dr. Hugh H. litis 
Miss Trudy Jenne 
Dr. N. L. H. Krauss 
Dr. B. F. Kukachka 

C. H. Lankester 

D. Roy Lent 

Francis F. Lukas 

Prof. Antonio Molina R. 

New York Botanical 

Dr. Gonzalo Ordetx 
Dr. Dale J. Osborn 
Dr. Peter H. Raven 
Rocky Mountain Forest 

& Range Experiment 

Dr. J. Rzedowski 
Dr. Jonathan Sauer 
Charles Schnell 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff 

Dr. H. Sleumer 
James Sleznick, Jr. 
Smithsonian Institution 


Sorting Center 
U. S. Forest Products 

Dr. U. T. Waterfall 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Dr. Sieghard Winkler 


American Museum of 
Natural History 

David Bardack 

Edward Bozman 

Neal Brown 

William Caulfield 

University of Chicago 

Glenn Commons 

Robert Corso 

Dr. John Cvejanovich 

Kenneth Davenport 

Darwin K. DeCamp 

Mrs. Italia B. de Soriano 

Miss M. Gertrude 

Dr. W. Elders 

Dr. Margaret Elliott 

Enrico Fermi Institute 

D. Erling 

Mr. & Mrs. J. C. Eraser 

John Funk 

Dr. E. C. Galbreath 

James Granath 

Dr. Clifford C. Gregg 

Randy Groom 

Gerald Gunderson 

Jerry Herdina 

Lee Hesselbring 

William Heston 

Dr. W. H. Johnson 

Malcolm Kerr 

Mr. & Mrs. James 

A. W. Kott 
Frederick G. Kott 
Mrs. Nellie Kott 

Robert J. Kott 

John Krztan 

The Guild Lapidary 

Paul Moore 

John K. Nelson 

Northwestern University 

Oriental Institute 

Mr. & Mrs. Ted Piecko 

Leo Plas 

Miss Nancy A. Ramsden 

Dr. Bruce Saunders 

Dr. James M. Schopf 

Mr. & Mrs. Staneck 

E. T. Tonry 

Ricardo Viarmontes 

Walter Voigt 

Dr. Bertram G. 

Loren Woods 



University of Arkansas 
Dr. Paul F. Basch 
Werner C. A. Boker- 

Dr. Walter C. Brown 
Dr. William Burger 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas D. 

Burke, Jr. 
California Academy of 

Chicago Zoological 

Dr. Glen H. Cole 
Dr. David Cook 
Stanley J. Dvorak 
Henry S. Dybas 
George Eickwort 
W. E. Eigsti 
Donald S. Erdman 
Dr. E. W. Eager 
Robert Faurot 
' Frederick R. Fechtner 
Paul E. R. Fechtner, Sr. 
E. C. Fernando 
- Dr. Robert L. Fleming 
Robert C. Frohling 
Mrs. Arthur Frost 
Dr. Malcolm D. Furniss 
Murray Glen 
Dr. John R. Hendrickson 

Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 

Gunnar Hoy 

Leslie Hubricht 

Philip Keller 

Arthur Kling 

Dr. N. L. H. Krauss 

Douglas Lay 

Dr. Karel F. Liem 

Lincoln Park Zoological 

Chapin Litten, Jr. 

Miss Laurie Litten 

Lund University 

Russell P. MacFall 

William MacLean 

Arthur G. Mathews 

Joseph McHale 

Dr. Frederico Medem 

J. L Menzies 

University of Michigan 

Prof. Rodger D. Mitchell 

Museum and Art 
Gallery, Durban, 
South Africa 

Prof. Harry G. Nelson 

Office de la Recherche 
Scientiflque et Tech- 
nique Outre-Mer 

Daniel Parelius 

Prof. Orlando Park 

Stewart Peck 

Dr. D. Reichle 

Dr. C. L. Remington 

Dr. K. Rohde 

Khosrow Sariri 

Mrs. Charles A. Seevers 

Dr. Roy Selby 

John G. Shedd 

Edwin T. Sherwin 
South African Institute 

for Medical Research 
Dr. Walter Suter 
Robert Talmadge 
Dr. Russell Tuttle 
U. S. Fish and Wildlife 

U. S. National Museum 
Urban Council & Urban 

Services, Hong Kong 
Dr. E. K. Urban 
Dr. Bernard Verdcourt 
Harold K. Voris 
Dr. John Wagner 
Dr. Milton W. Weller 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Charles E. Wood 
Alex K. Wyatt 
Mrs. Ann Frame Young 


University of Alberta 
(Canada), Depart- 
ment of Zoology 
Professor Chang 

Everett Claspy 
Dr. Donald Collier 
Consulate General of 

Dr. Ulrich F. Danckers 
Dr. Henry Field 
Dr. Clifford C. Gregg 
Dr. Fritz Haas 
Mrs. Wilfred Hambly 
Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 

Hunt Botanical Library 
Illinois Audubon Society 
Professor Taizo Inokuma 
Kyoto University — • 
Research Institute for 
Humanistic Studies 
Christopher C. Legge 
Wendell M. Levi 
Dr. Phillip H. Lewis 
Mrs. George Allen Mason 
Ministry of Finance — 
Government of 
Northern Ireland 
Ministry of Interior, 
Bangkok Thailand 

Mrs. John V. Murra 
Dr. Edward J. Olsen 
R. Pendergaast 
Dr. Austin L. Rand 
Ernest J. Roscoe 
Lillian A. Ross 
Mrs. Frederick F. Sellers 
Dr. Robert F. Tooper 
Robert Trier 
Chester Dudley Tripp 
United States Public 

Health Service — 


Disease Center 
E. Leland Webber 
Dr. Louis 0. Williams 


Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Coburn 
General Biological Supply House 

International Harvester Company 
Siemens-Reiniger Corporation 
Douglas Tibbitts 





George A. Bates 
Mr. & Mrs. Harry O. 

Margaret B. Conover 
Gaylord Donnelley 

Joseph N. Field 
Grainger Charitable 

The Hugh M. Hefner 


David M, Kennedy 
Robert M. McCormick 

Charitable Trust 
William H. Mitchell 
John Shedd Reed 
The Shinner Foundation 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward 

Byron Smith 
Mr. & Mrs. Solomon 

Byron Smith 
Mr. & Mrs. Jack C. 


Mr. & Mrs. William S. 

The Ruth and Vernon 

Taylor Foundation 
Mr. & Mrs. Theodore B. 

Tieken (H.B.B. 

Mr. & Mrs. Chester 

Dudley Tripp 
Trotting Charities, Inc. 
Mr. & Mrs. Louis Ware 
Kenneth V. Zwiener 



Mrs. Robert McCormick 

Mrs. James Alsdorf 
Mrs. John Ames 
Robert S. Adler Family 

Edward Alexander 
Mrs. A. Watson Armour 

Mrs. Lester Armour 
Edwin C. Austin 
Burton Babetch 
Mrs. Claude A. Barnett 
David Barnow 
Mrs. Warren Barr, Sr. 
Mrs. George R. Beach, Jr. 
Mrs. Laird Bell 
Mrs. B. E. Bensinger 
Mrs. John P. Bent 
Mrs. James S. Benton 
Mrs. Jacob Bischof 
Mr. & Mrs. Bowen Blair 
WiUiam McCormick Blair 
Mrs. Leigh Block 
Mrs. Philip D. Block, Jr. 
Frank Bouska 
Mrs. Arthur Bowes 
Mrs. Gardner Brown 
Mrs. Roger Brown 
Mrs. Daniel Bryant 
Mrs. Walther Buchen 
Mrs. Thomas B. Burke 
Cornelia Bussey 

Mrs. Kyle Adams Carney 
Mrs. James A. Cathcart 
Mrs. Robert V. Cave 
Mrs. Henry T. Chandler 
Chardin Anthropological 

Society of Loyola 

Peder A. Christensen 
Mrs. J. B. Clow 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. 

Mrs. Fairfax M. Cone 
Mrs. Peter Fries Connor, 

Arthur W. Consoer 
Contemporary Club of 

Mrs. James A. Cook 
Mrs. William S. 

Mrs. Norman Cram 
Mrs. Arthur Cushman 
Mrs. William B. Cutler 
Mrs. John B. DeLany 
Mrs. Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Mrs. Edison Dick 
Mrs. Arthur Dixon 
Wesley M. Dixon 
Mr. Edmund J. Doering 
Elliott and Ann 

Donnelley Foundation 
Mrs. Elliott Donnelley 
Mrs. Gaylord Donnelley 
Thomas E. Donnelley II 

Mrs. Querin P. Dorschel 
Mrs. H. J. Douglass 
Robert T. Drake 
Mrs. C. Michael Dunn 
Mr. & Mrs. R. Winfield 

Mrs. Winston Elting 
Walter Erman 
Mrs. Ralph Falk II 
Mrs. Howard Fenton 
Mrs. Calvin Fentress 
Dr. Alice J. Ferris 
Mrs. Joseph N. Field 
Mrs. Marshall Field 
Mrs. Gaylord Freeman, 

Gustave K. Franklin 
Mrs. Nicholas Galitzine 
Mrs. Carol Gaillard 
James R. Getz 
William J. Gibbons 
Alec Gianeras 
Mrs. Howard Goodman 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul W. 

Colin S. Gordon 
Mrs. Samuel G. Goss III 
William B. Graham 
Dr. Clifford C. Gregg 
Mrs. Harold F. 

Mrs. Robert C. Gunness 
Mrs. Charles C. Haffner, 



(Individuals' Contributions of less than $1000 continued) 

Mr. & Mrs. Maxwell 

Mrs. Burton W. Hales 
Hales Charitable Fund, 

Mrs. Paul V. Harper 
Employees of Harper & 

Row, Publishers 
Mrs. Byron Harvey 
Mrs. Richard Harza 
T. W. Havey 
Mrs. Marshall Haywood, 

John F. Hayward 
Mrs. Frederick Charles 

Mrs. James D. Hey worth 
Mrs. Joseph W. Hibben 
Mrs. W. Press Hodgkins 
Colonel Ralph B. Howe 
Mrs. Henry P. Isham 
Mrs. Ralph N. Isham 
Mrs. Willard Jaques 
Ralph S. Johns 
Morris Johnson 
William V. Kahler 
The Mayer & Morris 

Kaplan Foundation 
Florence M. Keebler 
Viola E. Keebler 
Mrs. John L. Kellogg 
Dan Kelly 
Mr. & Mrs. Keith 

Mrs. Ansel M. Kinney 
Mrs. Walter A. KraflFt 
Commander John F. 

Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, Jr. 
Mrs. Gordon Lang 
Dr. Eleanor I. Leslie 
Mrs. Nathaniel Leverone 
Mrs. Edward M. Levin, 

Mrs. Howard Linn 
Mrs. Franklin J. Lunding 
Mrs. James F. Magin 
Estate of Sol May 
Mr. & Mrs. Remick 


Mrs. Henry W. Meers 
Midwest Chinese Student 

and Alumni Services 
Mrs. J. Roscoe Miller 
Mrs. John T. Moss 
Mrs. Charles F. Murphy, 

Mrs. Wallace D. 

Mrs. W. Paul McBride 
Mrs. Brooks McCormick 
Mrs. Richard H. 

Mr. & Mrs. Norman W. 

Dr. M. Graham Netting 
Mrs. John Nuveen 
Mrs. James R. OfReld 
Mrs. Alfred O'Gara 
Mrs. Eric Oldberg 
Mrs. W. I. Osborne, Jr. 
Mrs. Walter Paepke 
Mrs. Donald Palmer 
Mr. & Mrs. James L. 

Mrs. Priest Palmer 
Daniel E. Pasowicz 
Mrs. John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Mrs. Fred A. Poor 
Mrs. James W. Pope 
Mrs. William A. P. 

Mrs. George A. Ranney 
Ruth Regenstein 
Mrs. Joseph E. Rich 
Mrs. Henry Richardson 
Dr. Maurice L. Richard- 
J. H. Riley 
Mrs. Katherine Field 

Mrs. Frederick Roe 
Melville N. and Mary F. 

Rothschild Fund 
Mrs. Arthur Rubloff 
Mrs. Clive Runnells 
Mrs. James Doyle Ryan 
Mrs. Donald Ryerson 
Mrs. John G. Searle 
Mrs. Charles Seevers 

Barry E. Semer 
Dr. Earl E. Sherff 
James G. Shakman 
Mrs. Gerald A. Sivage 
Mr. & Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap Smith 
Dr. & Mrs. Daniel 

Mrs. N. Starosselsky 
State Microscopical 

Society of Illinois 
Sydney Stein 
Mrs. Gardner H. Stern 
Mr. & Mrs. Alan T. 

Mrs. Henry H. Straus 
Mrs. Robert E. Straus 
Mrs. Roy E. Sturtevant 
Mrs. John E. Swearingen 
Mrs. Phelps H. Swift 
Stuart Talbot 
Mrs. A. Thomas Taylor 
Mrs. Bruce Thome 
Mrs. Newton Tobey 
Mrs. Thomas S. Tyler 
Mrs. Newland Van 

Walter F. Wallace, Jr. 
Mrs. Cyril L. Ward 
Mrs. George H. Watkins 
Mrs.«.W. A. P. Watkins 
David G. Watrous 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Leland 

Mrs. Edward K. Welles 
Mrs. John Paul Welling 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur D. 

Welton, Jr. 
Dr. Rupert L. Wenzel 
Mrs. Ira E. Westbrook 
Mrs. Jay N. Whipple 
Mrs. Richard W. Wilde 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Mrs. Jack A. Williamson 
Stephen A. Wilson 
Mrs. Arthur M. Wirtz 
Lloyd Wood 
Mrs. Frank H. Woods 
Perry Woodbury 
Mrs. Philip K. Wrigley 


Arthur Andersen & Co. 
Appleton Electric Company 
Borg-Warner Foundation, Inc. 
Carson Pirie Scott & Co. 

Chicago Title and Trust Company 

The Chicago Community Trust — 

John G. and Frances C. Searle Fund 


(Corporations' Contributions of $1000 or more continued) 

Columbia Pipe & Supply Co. 

The CT Foundation 

Chicago Daily News Charities Fund 

Chicago Sun-Times Charities Fund 

The A. B. Dick Foundation 

The Reuben H. Donnelley Corporation 

Draper and Kramer, Incorporated 

Marshall Field & Company 

First Chicago Foundation 

General Biological Supply House 

Harris Bank Foundation 
Hart Schaffner & Marx Charitable 

Illinois Bell Telephone Company 
Inland Steel-Ryerson Foundation, Inc. 

International Harvester Foundation 

Jewel Companies, Inc. 

The Jupiter Corporation 

M. S. Kaplan Company 

Kirkland, Ellis, Hodson, Chaffetz & 

La Salle National Bank 
Link-Belt Company 
John Mohr & Sons 
The Northern Trust Company 
The Peoples Gas Light and Coke 

The Quaker Oats Foundation 
Rollins Burdick Hunter Co. 
Sunbeam Corporation 
Texaco Inc. 


Anonymous (2) 

American Hospital Supply Corporation 

American National Bank and Trust 

Company of Chicago 
American Telephone and Telegraph 

Amsted Industries, Incorporated 
Baxter Laboratories, Inc. 
Fred S. Bremer Co. 
Leo Burnett Company, Inc. 
Cedarpine Foundation 
Chemetron Corporation 
Cherry Electrical Products Corp. 
Christiana Foundation, Inc. 
City Products Corporation 
James B. Clow & Sons, Inc. 
Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Chicago 
Container Corporation of America 
Corey Steel Company 
Corn Products Company 
Crane Packing Company 
Crown Zellerbach Foundation 
Edward Don & Company 
R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company 
Enco, Inc. 
First Federal Savings and Loan 

Association of Chicago 
F. C. B. Foundation, Inc. 
Clinton E. Frank, Inc. 
General American Transportation 

Peter Hand Brewery Co. 
The Harmony Company 
Hendrickson Mfg. Co. 
Household Finance Corporation 
Illinois Central Railroad 

International Minerals & Chemical 

Koppers Company, Inc. 
Lever Brothers Company Foundation, 

Marsh & Truman Lumber Co. 
Oscar Mayer Foundation, Inc. 
Estate of Leander J. McCormick 
The Merchandise Mart 
Miehle-Goss-Dexter Foundation 
Mohawk Electric Construction Co. 
Morton International, Inc. 
George Pick & Company 
The Pittsburgh Plate Glass Foundation 
John Plain Foundation 
Prairie Farmer Publishing Company 
Radio Steel & Mfg. Co. 
Sahara Coal Company, Inc. 
Santa Fe Foundation, Inc. 
Scribner & Co. 
Seyfarth, Shaw, Fairweather & 

Simoniz Company 
Sinclair Oil Corporation Foundation 
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill 
Skil Corporation 

Standard Oil (Ind.) Foundation, Inc. 
Standard Rate & Data Service, Inc. 
Swift & Company Foundation 
Szabo Food Service, Inc. 
United-Greenfield Charitable & 

Educational Foundation 
United States Gypsum Company 
Warwick Electronics Inc. 

Westinghouse Electric Corporation 
Arthiu" Young & Company 
Young & Rubicam, Inc. 


Museum Publications in 1966 

QuiMBY, George I. 

The Dumaw Creek Site. A Seventeenth Century Prehistoric Indian Village and 
Cemetery in Oceana County, Michigan. Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 56, 
no. 1, 91 pp., 34 illus. 


Standley, Paul C, Louis 0. Williams and Cyrus Longworth Lundell 

Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, part 8, nos. 1-2, 210 pp., 
61 illus. 

DeMar, Robert E. 

Longiscitula Houghae, A New Genus of Dissorophid Amphibian from the Per- 
mian of Texas. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 16, no. 2, 9 pp., 2 illus. 

The Phylogenetic and Functional ImpHcations of The Armor of The Dissorophi- 
dae. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 16, no. 3, 34 pp., 9 illus. 

Denison, Robert H. 

Cardipeltis: An Early Devonian Agnathan of the Order Heterostra^. Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 16, no. 4, 28 pp., 11 illus. 

Kjellesvig-Waering, Erik N. 

A Revision of the Families and Genera of the Stylonuracea (Eurypterida). 
Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 14, no. 9, 29 pp., 4 illus. 

Olson, Everett Claire 

Relationships of Diadectes. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 14, no. 10, 29 pp., 
10 illus. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

A New Shark of the Family Edestidae, Ornithoprion hertwigi From the Pennsyl- 
vanian Mecca and Logan Quarry Shales of Indiana. Fieldiana: Geology, 
vol. 16, no. 1, 43 pp., 26 illus. 

Dybas, Henry S. 

Evidence for Parthenogenesis in the Feathervnng Beetles, with a Taxonomic Re- 
view of a New Genus and Eight New Species (Coleoptera: Ptiliidae). Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 51, no. 2, 42 pp., 14 illus. 

Haas, Fritz 

On Some New Non-Marine Mollusks from Colombia and Peru. Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 44, no. 25, 11 pp., 10 illus. 

Inger, Robert F. 

The Systematics and Zoogeography of The Amphibia of Borneo. Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 52, 402 pp., 71 illus., 51 tables. 

SoLEM, Alan 

The Neotropical Land Snail Genera Labyrinthus and Isomeria (Pulmonata, 
Camaenidae). Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 50, 226 pp., 61 illus., 16 tables. 

Wake, David B. and Arden H. Brame, Jr. 

A New Species of Lungless Salamander (Genus Bolitoglossa) from Panama. 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 51, no. 1, 10 pp., 5 illus., 1 table. 


Wenzel, Rupert L., and Vernon J. Tipton, Editors 

Ectoparasites of Panama. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, 1966. 
xii + 861 pp., 93 pis., 154 text figs., 17 tables, 1 map. (With Foreword by 
Lt. Col. Harold D. Newson.) Including the following papers: 

Barrera, Alfredo 

New Species of the Genus Amblyopinus Solsky from Panama and Mexico 
(Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) , pp. 281-88, text figs. 31-33. 

Brennan, James M. and Conrad E. Yunker 

The Chiggers of Panama (Acarina: Trombiculidae) , pp. 221-66, text 
figs. 12-30. 

Emerson, K. C. 

Mallophaga of the Mammals of Panama, pp. 267-72. 
Fairchild, Graham B. 

Introduction, pp. 1-8. 

A Checklist of the Hippoboscidae of Panama (Diptera), pp. 387-92. 
and Charles O. Handley, Jr. 

Gazetteer of Collecting Localities in Panama, pp. 9-22, 1 map. 

Glen M. Kohls and Vernon J. Tipton 

The Ticks of Panama (Acarina: Ixodoidea), pp. 167-219, tables 4, 5. 

Furman, Deane P. 

The Spinturnicid Mites of Panama (Acarina: Spinturnicidae) , pp. 125- 
66, pis. 37-46. 

Guimaraes, Lindolpho R. 
Nycteribiid Batflies from Panama (Diptera: Nycteribiidae) , pp. 393-404, 
text figs. 35-37. 

Handley, Jr., Charles 0. 

Checklist of the Mammals of Panama, pp. 753-95. 
Hershkovitz, Philip 

Mice, Land Bridges and Latin American Faunal Interchange, pp. 725- 
51, text figs. 151-54. 

Strandtmann, Russell W., and Conrad E. Yunker 

The Genus Hirstionyssus Fonseca in Panama (Acarina: Dermanyssi- 
dae), pp. 105-24, text figs. 4-11. 

Tipton, Vernon J., Robert M. Altman and Charles M. Keenan 

Mites of the Subfamily Laelaptinae in Panama (Acarina: Laelaptidae), 
pp. 23-82, pis. 1-34, tables 1-3. 

and Eustorgio Mendez 

The Fleas (Siphonaptera) of Panama, pp. 289-385, pis. 47-93, text 
fig. 34. 

Wenzel, Rupert L. and Phyllis T. Johnson 

Checklist of the Sucking Lice of Panama (Anoplura), pp. 273-79. 

Alicja Kiewlicz and Vernon J. Tipton 

The Streblid Batflies of Panama (Diptera Calypterae: Streblidae), pp. 
405-675, text figs. 38-146, tables 6-10. 

and Vernon J. Tipton 

Some Relationships between Mammal Hosts and their Ectoparasites, pp. 
677-723, text figs. 147-50, tables 11-17. 

Vernon J. Tipton and Christina J. Fowler 

Appendix. Classified List of Hosts and Parasites, pp. 797-823. 

Yunker, Conrad E. and Frank J. Radovsky 

The Dermanyssid Mites of Panama (Acarina: Dermanyssidae), pp. 83- 
103, text figs. 1-3. 


Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin 

VOL. 37, 1966 

Dybas, Henry S. 

Featherwing Beetles, no. 4, pp. 3-4, 
3 illus, 

Edwin, Gabriel 

Deck the Halls, no. 12, pp. 7-9, 5 illus. 

Fawcett, W. Peyton 

An Ornament to The Age in Which We 

Live, no. 11, pp. 3-6, 9 illus. 
Conrad Gesner, no. 8, 5 pp., 3 illus. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

Museum Taxonomy Serves Medical 
Research, no. 9, pp. 4-7, 7 illus. 

Lewis, Phillip 

Paintings of New Guinea, no. 3, pp. 
4-6, 9 illus. 

Martin, Paul 

Putting Together the Pieces, no. 6, 
pp. 6-7, 2 illus. 

Marx, Hymen 

An Aquatic? Marvel — The Basilisk, 
no. 5, pp. 11-12, 2 illus. 

Olsen, Edward J. 
Gems and Minerals, no. 3, p. 7, 4 illus. 

Rand, Austin L. 

A New Zoology Exhibit in Which The 
Tongues of Certain Birds Are Used 
to Illustrate the Biological Principle 
of Convergence, no. 9, pp. 9-11, 

2 illus. 

Fauna of Southeast Asia, no. 4, p. 11, 

3 illus. 

The Question of Importance in Zool- 
ogy, no. 8, pp. 6-7, 1 illus. 

— and Jerry D. Hassinger 

Afghanistan — Report on Fauna from 
the Street Expedition, no. 10, pp. 
6-7, 1 illus. 

Richardson, E. S., Jr. 

The Tully Monster, no. 7, pp. 4-6, 

4 illus. 

Siroto, Leon 

Problem Piece: An Axe-Handle from 
Africa, no. 12, pp. 3-6, 9 illus. 

SoLEM, Alan 

Sacks of Exotic Dirt, no. 6, pp. 3-4, 
3 illus. 

Webber, E. Leland 

Field Museum Again: Name Change 
Honors Field Family, no. 3, pp. 2-3, 

5 illus. 

Woodland, Bertram G. 

Mountain Building II, no. 1, pp. 3-7, 

3 illus. 
Mountain Building III, no. 2, pp. 6- 

10, 5 illus. 
Mountain Building IV, no. 4, pp. 5-9 

5 illus. 

Mountain Building V, no. 5, 6 pp., 

6 illus. 

Woods, Loren 

A Voyage of the Anton Bruun, no. 2, 
3 pp., 3 illus. 


Annual Report 1965: Field Museum of Natural History, 42 pp., 9 illus. 

Other Publications of Staff Members 

Cole, Glen H. 

Precision and Definition in African Archaeology, prepared jointly with J. D. 
Clark, G. L. Isaac, and M. R. Kleindienst. South African Archaeological 
Bulletin 21, pp. 114-21. 

Collier, Donald 

Review of Colombia (by G. Reichel-Dolmatoff). American Anthropologist, 
vol. 68, pp. 1072-74. 

Review of Life, Land and Water in Ancient Peru (by Paul Kosok). Ameri- 
can Antiquity, vol. 31, pp. 761-63. 


Legge, C. C. 

William Diaper: a biographical sketch. Journal of Pacific History, vol. 1, 1966. 

Martin, Paul S. 

Review of Bat Cave (by H. W. Dick). Man, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 252. 

SiROTO, Leon 

Review of Peoples of Africa (James L. Gibbs, editor). Natural History, 
vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 58-59. 

Starr, Kenneth 

Review of Indian Archaeology Since Independence (by B. B. Lai). Journal 
of the American Oriental Society, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 225-29. 

Rubbings: An Ancient Chinese Art. Newsletter of the Midwest Chinese Stu- 
dent and Alumni Services, new series, vol. 9, nos. 3-4, pp. 1-3, pis. 1-5. 

VanStone, James W. 

The Changing Culture of the Snowdrift Chipewyan. National Museum of Can- 
ada, Bulletin 209 (Anthr. Ser. 74). 

Review of Archeology of the Yakutat Bay Area, Alaska (by Frederica DeLa- 
guna and others). American Antiquity, vol. 31, no. 4, p. 599. 

Review of Obshchestvennyi stroi Eskimosov i Aleutox ot maierinskogo roda k 
sosedskoi obshchine (by L. A. Fainberg). American Anthropologist, vol. 68, 
no. 3, pp. 782-83. 

Edwin, Gabriel 

New Species. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, vol. 53, Dec. 1966. 

Williams, Louis O. 

The Agonondras (Opiliaceae) of Mexico and Central America. Ciencia, vol. 

24, nos. 5-6, Feb. 1966. 
Guia bibliogrdfica sobre fanerogamas de Mexico. La Hacienda, vol. 61, no. 6. 

(with A. Robyns) Hibiscus luteus (Rolfe) and Comb. Nov. (Malvaceae). Annals 
of the Missouri Botanical Garden, vol. 53, May 1966. 

A new Homemania from Panama. Brittonia, vol. 18, no. 3, July-Sept. 1966. 
New Plants from South Mexico and Guatemala. Brittonia, vol. 18, no. 3, July- 
Sept. 1966. 

Clark, John 

Status of the generic nam£s Metacodon and Geolabis (Insectivora). Journal of 
Paleontology, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 1248-1251. 

Denison, Robert H. 

The origin of the lateral-line system. American Zoologist, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 369- 

70, figs. 1-2. 
(with V. J. Gupta) Devonian fishes from Kashmir, India. Nature, vol. 211, 

pp. 177-78, figs. 1-2. 
(with W. D. Ian Rolfe) The supposed fish Pseudodontichthys Skeels, 11962, 

is the phyllocarid crustacean Dithyrocaris. Journal of Paleontology, vol. 40, 

no. 1, pp. 214-15. 

NiTECKi, Matthew H. (with J. Keith Rigby) 

Vintonia doris, a new Mississippian demosponge from Arkansas. Joiu"nal of 
Paleontology, vol. 40, pp. 1373-78, pi. 173, 2 figs. 

"Paleontology" in 1966 ed. of Encyclopaedia Brittanica Junior. 

Olsen, Edward J. 

(with A. M. Friedman, M. Conway, M. Kastner, J. Milsted, D. Metta) Cop- 
per Artifacts: Correlation with Source Types of Copper Ores, Science, vol. 152, 
pp. 1504-6. 

(with K. Fredriksoon) Phosphates in Iron and Pallasite Meteorites, Geochimica 
et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 30, pp. 459-70. 

Rocks and Minerals, Rocks and Minerals Mag., no. 321, June. 

(with R. F. Mueller) Stability of Orthopyroxenes with Respect to Pressure, 
Temperature, and Composition. Journal of Geology, vol. 74, pp. 620-25. 

Articles on: Talc, Meteorites, Diamond, Mineral, Pyroxene, Iron Ore, Olivine, 
Feldspar, Geochemistry, Crystal, Gem. 1966 ed. Encyclopaedia Brittanica Jr. 

Richardson, E. S., Jr. 

(with Ralph G. Johnson) A remarkable Pennsylvanian fauna from the Mazon 

Creek Area, Illinois. Journal of Geology, vd. 74, no. 5, pp. 626-31. 
Animal or Plant? ETC: a Review of General Semantics, vol. 23 no. 4, pp. 


Zangerl, Rainer 

(with D. D wight Davis) Translation of Phylogenetic Systematics, by Willi 
Hennig, University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 263 pp., 69 figs., 1966. 

Blake, Emmet R. 

Foreword in The Birds of Guyana (by Dorothy E. Snyder). Peabody Museum 
of Natural History, Salem, Massachusetts, pp. 9-10. 

Brongersma, L. D., Robert F. Inger and Hymen Marx 

Proposed Use of the Plenary Powers to Conserve the Generic Name Calamaria 
Boie, 1827, and the Specific Name Calamaria linnaei Schlegel, 1837 (Reptilia, 
Serpentes). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 22, pp. 303-13. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

Catalog of Living Whales. United States National Museum Bulletin no. 246, 

viii + 259 pp. 
Comments on the Proposal for Conservation cf Pan Oken, 1 81 6, and Panthera 

Oken, 1816. The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 23, parts 2/3, 

pp. 67-69. 
Comments on the Proposal on Zorilla by Dr. Van Gelder and the Counter Pro- 
posal by Dr. China. The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 23, 

parts 2/3, pp. 74-75. 
Comments on the Proposed Suppression of Meles montanus Richardson, 1829, 

and M. jeffersonii Harlan, 1825. The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 

vol. 22, parts 5/6, pp. 336-39. 
On the Identification of Some Marmosets Family Callithricidae (Primates). 

Mammalia, vol. 30, pp. 327-32. 
On the Status of Procyon brachyurus Wiegmann and P. obscurus Wiegmann. 

The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 25, parts 5/6, p. 338. 
Review of Evolutionary and Genetic Biology, vol. 2, John Buettner-Janusch, 

editor. The American Biology Teacher, vol. 28, no. 7, p. 94. 
South American Swamp and Fcssorial Rats of the Scapteromyine Group (Crice- 

tinae, Muridae) with Comments on the Glans Penis in Murid Taxonomy. 

Zeitschrift fiir Saugetierkunde, vol. 31, pp. 81-149, 42 illus. 
Status of the Black-footed Ferret in Wyoming. Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 47, 

pp. 346-47. 
Taxonomic Notes on Tamarins, Genus Saguinus (Callithricidae, Primates), unth 

Descriptions of Four New Forms. Folia Primatologica, vol. 4, pp. 381-95, 

4 illus. 
Whatever Happened to Hairy Man? Letter to Editor, Science, vol. 153, p. 362. 


Inger, Robert F, 

Reptile. Encyclopaedia Britannica, pp. 173-91. 

The Reptiles. FoUett Beginning Science Books, pp. 1-32. 

and Bernard Greenberg 

Ecology and Competitive Relations Among Three Species of Frogs (Genus Rana). 
Ecology, vol. 47, pp. 746-59. 

and Alan E. Leviton 

The Taxonomic Status of Bomean Snakes of the Genus Pseudorabdion Jan and 
of the Nominal Genus Idiopholis Mocquard. Proceedings of the California 
Academy of Science, vol. 34, pp. 307-14. 

LiEM, Karel F. 

Sex Reversal. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, pp. 360- 

Review of The Future of Man (by P. Teilhard de Chardin). American Biol- 
ogy Teacher, vol. 28, pp. 817-18. 

Lloyd, Monte and Henry S. Dybas 

The Periodical Cicada Problem I. Population Ecology. Evolution, vol. 20, 

pp. 133-49. 
The Periodical Cicada Problem II. Evolution, vol. 20, pp. 466-505. 

Moore, Joseph Curtis 

Diagnoses and Distributions of Beaked Whales of the Genus Mesoplodon knoum 
from North American Waters. No. 3, pp. 33-61, 12 figs. Whales, Dolphins 
and Porpoises (Kenneth S. Norris, editor). University of California Press, 
789 pp., illus. 

Rand, Austin L. 

A display of the boat-billed Heron. The Auk, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 304-06, 

2 illus. 
Birds of Paradise. Animals, vol. 8, no. 13, pp. 346-55 (with 16 photos by 

Thomas Gilliard). 
Every Bird is Different from every other Bird. ETC: A Review of General 

Semantics, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 245-49 (reprinted from the Bulletin, Nov. 

In Memoriam: Reuben Myron Strong. The Auk, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 282-87. 
The Snipe Rediscovered. Audubon Magazine, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 351-54 (with 

illustrations by Guy Coheleach). 

Solem, Alan 

Land snails of the Genus Amphidromus /rom Thailand (MoUusca: Pulmonata: 

Camaenidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum, vol. 117, 

no. 3519, pp. 615-28, 2 pis., 2 tables. 
Some non-mxirine moUusks from Thailand, with notes on classification of the 

Helicarionidae. Spolia Zoologica Musei Hauniensis, Copenhagen, vol. 24, 

110 pp., 1 table, 24 figs., 3/pls. 
(with Adolf Zilch). Zum 80 Geburtstag von Fritz Haas. Archiv fiir Mollus- 

kenkunde, vol. 95, pp. 1-2. 

Traylor, Melvin a. 

The Race of Acrocephalus rufescens in Zambia. Bulletin of the British Orni- 
thologists' Club, vol. 86, pp. 161-62. 

Relationships in the Combassous (Sub-Genus Hypochera). Ostrich, supple- 
ment 6, Proceedings of the Second Pan-African Ornithological Congress, 
pp. 57-74. 

Review of A Revised Check List of African Non-Passerine Birds (by C. M. N. 
White). The Auk, vol. 83, pp. 492-93. 



Board of Trustees, 1966 

James L. Palmer, President 

Clifford C. Gregg, First Vice-President 

Joseph N. Field, Second Vice-President 

BowEN Blair, Third Vice-President 

Edward Byron Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 

E. Leland Webber, Secretary 


Lester Armour 
Harry O. Bercher 
Bowen Blair 
Wm. McCormick Blair 
William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
Paul W. Goodrich 
Clifford C. Gregg 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Henry P. Isham 
Remick McDowell 

J. RoscoE Miller 

William H. Mitchell 

James L. Palmer 

John T. Pirie, Jr. 

John Shedd Reed 

John G. Searle 

John M. Simpson 

Gerald A. Sivage 

Edward Byron Smith 

William G. Swartchild, Jr. 

Louis Ware 

E. Leland Webber 

J. Howard Wood 


Walter J. Cummings 
William V. Kahlbr 


WOMEN'S BOARD, 1966-1967 


Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, President 

Mrs. Walter A. Krafft, First Vice-President 

Mrs. Claude A. Barnett, Second Vice-President 

Mrs. George H. Watkins, Secretary 

Mrs. Thomas M. Ware, Assistant Secretary 

Mrs. Austin T. Cushman, Treasurer 

Mrs. Robert E. Straus, Assistant Treasurer 

Mrs. a. Watson Armour III Mrs. 

Mrs. Lester Armour Mrs. 

Mrs. Vernon Armour Mrs. 

Mrs. W. H. Arnold Mrs. 

Mrs. George R. Beach, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. George W. Beadle Mrs. 

Mrs. Laird Bell Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward H. Bennett, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. B. E. Bensinger Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard Bentley Mrs. 

Mrs. Harry O. Bercher Mrs. 

Mrs. Bowen Blair Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward McCormick Blair Mrs. 

Mrs. William McCormick Blair Mrs. 

Mrs. Joseph L. Block Mrs. 

Mrs. Leigh B. Block Mrs. 

Mrs. Philip D. Block, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. William J. Bowe Mrs. 

Mrs. Arthur S. Bowes Mrs. 

Mrs. T. Kenneth Boyd Mrs. 

Mrs. Gardner Brown Mrs. 

Mrs. Daniel C. Bryant Mrs. 

Mrs. Walther Buchen Mrs. 

Mrs. Thomas B. Burke Mrs. 

Mrs. Robert Wells Carton Mrs. 

Mrs. Henry T, Chandler Mrs. 

Miss Nora Chandler Mrs. 

Mrs. F. Newell Childs Mrs. 

Mrs. Robert E. Coburn Mrs. 

Mrs. Fairfax Cone Mrs. 

Mrs. Peter Fries Connor, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Thomas J. Coogan Mrs. 

Mrs. James A. Cook Mrs. 

Mrs. William S. Covington Miss 

Mrs. Norman L. Cram Mrs. 

Mrs. Emmett Dedmon Mrs. 

Mrs. Charles S. DeLong Mrs. 

Mrs. Edison Dick Mrs. 

Mrs. William R. Dickinson, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Arthur Dixon Mrs. 

Wesley M. Dixon, Jr. 
Wesley M. Dixon, Sr. 
Elliott Donnelley 
Gaylord Donnelley 
Thomas E. Donnelley II 


G. Corson Ellis 
R. Winfield Ellis 
Winston Elting 
John V. Farwell III 
John F. Fennelly 
Calvin Fentress 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 
A. W. F. Fuller 
Gaylord A. Freeman, Jr. 
Nicholas Galitzine 
James Gordon Gilkey, Jr. 
Julian R. Goldsmith 
Howard Goodman 
Paul W. Goodrich 
Donald M. Graham 
Clifford C. Gregg 
Stephen S. Gregory 
Harold F. Grumhaus 
Robert C. Gunness 
Robert P. Gwinn 
Burton W. Hales 
C. Daggett Harvey 
Frederick Charles Hecht 
Joseph W. Hibben 
Ben W. Heineman 
W. Press Hodgkins 
Frances Hooper 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
George S. Isham 
Henry P. Isham 
Henry P. Isham, Jr. 
Byron C. Karzas 
Russell Kelley, Jr. 


Mrs. John Payne Kellogg Mrs. 

Mrs. Walter A. Krafft Mrs. 

Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Gordon Lang Mrs. 

Mrs. Homer J. Livingston Mrs. 

Mrs. Franklin J. Lunding Mrs. 

Mrs. Wallace D. Mackenzie Mrs. 

Mrs. Vojta F. Mashek, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard D. Mason Mrs. 

Mrs. Narcissa Thorne Matchett Mrs. 

Mrs. David Mayer Mrs. 

Mrs. Frank D. Mayer Mrs. 

Mrs. Brooks McCormick Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. McCutcheon, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. McCutcheon, Sr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward D. McDougal, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Remick McDowell Mrs. 

Mrs. Henry W. Meers Mrs. 

Mrs. John R. Millar Mrs. 

Mrs. J. Roscoe Miller Mrs. 

Mrs. William H. Mitchell Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. Moss Mrs. 

Mrs. Charles F. Nadler Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard H. Needham Mrs. 

Mrs. John Nuveen Mrs. 

Mrs. Eric Oldberg Mrs. 

Mrs. Walter Paepcke Mrs. 

Mrs. Donald H. Palmer Mrs. 

Mrs. James L. Palmer Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. Pirie, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Clarence C. Prentice Mrs. 

Mrs. Frederick Childs Pullman Mrs. 

Mrs. Austin L. Rand Mrs. 

Mrs. George A. Ranney Mrs. 

Mrs. John Shedd Reed Mrs. 

Mrs. Joseph E. Rich Mrs. 

Mrs. T. Clifford Rodman Mrs. 

Mrs. Harold Russell Mrs. 

Mrs. George W. Ryerson Mrs. 

John G. Searle 
William L. Searle 
John M. Simpson 
Gerald A. Sivage 
Edward Byron Smith 
Farwell Dunlap Smith 
Solomon Byron Smith 
Lyle M. Spencer 
Jack C. Staehle 
Gardner H. Stern 
Adlai E. Stevenson III 
William S. Street 
Roy E. Sturtevant 
Carroll H. Sudler 
William G. Swartchild, Jr. 
John E. Swearingen 
GusTAVus F. Swift, Jr. 
Bruce Thorne 
Theodore B. Tieken 
Chester D. Tripp 
Thomas S. Tyler 
Derrick Vail 
Cyril L. Ward 
J. Harris Ward 
Louis Ware 

Hempstead Washburne, Jr. 
Hempstead Washburne, Sr. 
E. Leland Webber 
Edward K. Welles 
John Paul Welling 
Frank O. Wetmore II 
Julian B. Wilkins 
Philip C. Williams 
Jack A. Williamson 
J. Howard Wood 
Frank H. Woods 
Philip K. Wrigley 
Rainer Zangerl 
Ernest Zeisler 


Staff, 1966 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Director 


Donald Collier, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator Emeritus 

Kenneth Starr, Ph.D., Curator, Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Phillip H. Lewis, Ph.D., Curator, Primitive Art and Melanesian Ethnology 

James W. VanStone, Ph.D., Associate Curator, North American Archaeology and 

Fred M. Reinman, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Oceanic Archaeology and Ethnology 

Leon Siroto, M.A., Assistant Curator, African Ethnology 

Glen H. Cole, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Prehistory 

HosHiEN Tchen, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection 

Christopher C. Legge, M.A., Custodian of Collections 

Joyce A. Korbecki, Assistant 

GusTAF Dalstrom, Artist 

Christine S. Danziger, M.S., Conservator 

Agnes M. Fennell, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Philip J. C. Dark, Ph.D., Research Associate, African Ethnology 

Fred Eggan, Ph.D., Research Associate, Ethnology 

J. Eric Thompson, Dipl. Anth. Camb., Research Associate, Central American 

George I. Quimby, M.A., Research Associate, North American Archaeology and 

James R. Getz, B.A., Field Associate 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate 


Louis O. Williams, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

William C. Burger, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Gabriel Edwin, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Patricio Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Donald Ray Simpson, M.S., Assistant Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Dorothy Gibson, Custodian of the Herbarium 

Robert G. Stolze, B.S., Herbarium Assistant 

Valerie Connor, Departmental Secretary, Botany 

Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Sidney F. Glassman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Palms 
E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 


Donald Richards, Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Hanford Tiffany, Ph.D., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Ing. Agr. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate 


Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Chief Curator 

Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Curator, Mineralogy 

Bertram G. Woodland, Ph.D., Curator, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology 

John Clark, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Sedimentary Petrology 

Robert H. Denison, Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Fishes 

William D. Turnbull, Associate Curator, Fossil Mammals 

David Techter, B.S., Assistant, Fossil Vertebrates 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Matthew H. Nitecki, M.S., Assistant Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Winifred Reinders, Departmental Secretary 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

David Bardack, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vertebrate Paleontology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Ralph G. Johnson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleoecology 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, B.S., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Robert F. Mueller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Thomas N. Taylor, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleobotany 

J. Marvin Weller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Stratigraphy 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 


Austin L. Rand, Ph.D., Sc.D., Chief Curator 

Joseph Curtis Moore, Ph.D., Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Research Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., D.Sc, Curator, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., A.B., Associate Curator, Birds 

M. DiANNE Maurer, A.B., Assistant, Birds 

Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles (on leave) 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Associate Curator, Reptiles 

LOREN P. Woods, A.B., Curator, Fishes 

Pearl Sonoda, Assistant, Fishes 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Ph.D., Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Associate Curator, Insects 


August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Ph.D., Curator Emeritus, Lower Invertebrates 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

Karel F. Liem, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Mario Villa, Tanner 

Marilyn A. Grudzien, Departmental Secretary 

Rudyerd Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Sc.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Orlando Park, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

George B. Rabb, Ph.D., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles A. Reed, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ronald Singer, D.Sc, Research Associate, Mammalian Anatomy 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals 

Jack Fooden, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Charles F. Nadler, M.D., Associate, Mammals 

Harry G. Nelson, B.S., Associate, Insects 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 

Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 

Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 

Dale J. Osborn, Field Associate, Mammals 

William S. Street, Field Associate 

Janice K. Street, Field Associate 


John R. Millar, Chief 

Frank Boryca, Technician 

Walter L. Boyer, B.F.A., Artist 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Assistant to Chief of Exhibition 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator (on leave) 


Theodore Halkin, B.F.A., M.S., Artist 
Walter P. Huebner, Preparator 
Joseph Krstolich, Artist 
Marion Pahl, B.F.A., Staff Illustrator 
TiBOR Perenyi, Ph.D., Artist 
Walter C. Reese, Preparator 


Richard A. Martin, B.S., Curator 

Ronald Lambert, Preparator 

Lido Lucchesi, Preparator 

Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 


Miriam Wood, M.A., Chief Edith Fleming, M.A. 

Marie Svoboda, M.A. George R. Fricke, B.S. 

Harriet Smith, M.A. Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S. 

Elda B. Herbert, M.A., Secretary 


Meta p. Howell, B.L.S., Librarian 

W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A., Associate Librarian and Head Cataloger 

Bertha W. Gibbs, B.A., B.S. in L.S., Reference and Inter-library Loan Librarian 

Eugenia Jang, Serials Librarian 

Chih-\\-ei Pan, M.S., Cataloger 

Yoo I. Peal, B.A., M.Th., Assistant Cataloger 

Alfreda C. Rogowski, Departmental Secretary 

Editorial Office 

Ed\v.\rd G. Nash, A.B., Editor 

Beatrice Paul, B.A., Assistant 
Division of Printing 

Harold M. Grutzmacher, in charge 


Robert E. Coburn, Planning and Development Officer 

Phil Clark, B.A., Public Relations Counsel 

Dorothy M. Roder, Membership Secretary 

Ruth Montgomery, Secretary to the Women's Board 



Norman W. Nelson, B.S., C.P.A., Business Manager 

James I. Goodrick, Assistant to the Director 

Helen B. Christopher, Secretary to the President 

SUSANMARY CARPENTER, B.A., Secretary to the Director 

Marion G. Gordon, B.S., Registrar 

Lyle a. Hanssen, B.S., Chief Accountant 

Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

Jessie Dudley, Receptionist 


UNO M. Lake, A.B., Manager 


John Bayalis, Photographer 

Homer V. Holdren, Associate 

Ferdinand Huysmans, Dipl.A., Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate, Photography 

John W. Moyer, in charge 


James R. Shouba, Building Superintendent 

Gustav a. Noren, Superintendent of Maintenance 

Leonard Carrion, Chief Engineer 

Jacques L. Pulizzi, Assistant Chief Engineer 


George A. Lamoureux, Captain 


In 1966 volunteer workers were an invaluable help to the Museum 
staff. The Museum wishes to thank Mrs. Alice Burke, Mr. Stan- 
ley J. Dvorak, Dr. Margaret Elliott, Mrs. Joseph B. Girardi, Mr. 
James W. Granath, Mr. Sol Gurewitz, Mr. Tom Guensburg, Mrs. 
Diana Handler, Mrs. Ellen Hyndman, Mrs. Dorothy Karoll, Mr. 
Robert Miller Knowles, Mrs. Robert Pringle, Miss Pamela Rich, 
Mrs. Alice K. Schneider, Mr. Wayne Serven, Mrs. Gertrude Siegel, 
Mrs. Dorothy Stauffer, Mrs. Helen Strotz, Mr. Raymond J. Wielgus 
and Mrs. Barbara Wolfson for many hours of service.