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[Document 15 — 1970] 




For the Year Ending December 31, 1969 




Term expires April 30, 1973 


Vice President 

Term expires April 30, 1974 

Term expires April 30, 1972 

Term expires April 30, 1971 

Term expires April 30, 1970 

Director, and Librarian 

Boston Public Library 

Annual Report for 1969 

To the Board of Trustees of the Boston Public Library: 

As Director, and Librarian, I have the honor to submit 
my report for the year January 1 to December 31, 1969. 

This year saw considerable progress made in the long- 
range building program. The completion of two new 
branch libraries, one in the Fields Corner section and the 
other in Brighton, eliminated the two oldest and most 
unsatisfactory branch library installations. 

The new Brighton Branch was designed by Norman C. 
Fletcher of The Architects Collaborative of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. Michael Prodanou was the Associate 
Designer. The building, which provides 17,000 square 
feet of service space, was constructed by Michael Racioppi, 
Inc., of Boston, and the landscaping was done by Wyman 

Multileveled, it provides shelving for 80,000 volumes 
and was designed to adapt itself to the gentle contours 
of the site. The architects selected poured concrete as 
the exterior fabric of the building and used large windows 
plus two taU, periscope-like fins to bring in natural light. 
The interior follows a modified butterfly pattern. A 
modern, serviceable entrance is in the center, with a 
Children's Room in one wing, the Adult/Young Adult 
quarters in the second wing, and the meeting room and 
work areas in the third. The building is completely air- 
conditioned. Daylight fluorescent light supplements the 
natural light, and all reading areas are carpeted. 

The Fields Corner Branch, designed by Holmes & 
Edwards, Inc., of Boston, and constructed by D. 
Antonelhs, Inc., of Waltham, was opened on December 8. 
This neighborhood branch occupies some 8,530 square 
feet, houses over 24,000 volumes, and provides seating 
for over 100 readers. The building uses a one-story, 
slab-on-grade technique, with insulated masonry waUs on 
steel frames. Its complete electric heating and air-con- 
ditioning installation is a first for our branch libraries. 
The reading areas are carpeted, and lighting is provided 
by indirect fluorescent lights. 

4 City Document No. 15 

The year 1969 also saw considerable progress on new 
branch libraries for Charlestown and Grove Hall. These 
buildings, replacing older facilities, are expected to be 
completed in 1970. The restudy and redesign of the 
South End Branch were pushed forward, and occupancy 
is scheduled for 1971. 

A major event in the history of the Library took place 
on April 25, 1969, when the Trustees of the Library 
voted to award a contract to Vappi & Company, Inc., 
of Cambridge for the construction of the Addition to the 
Central Library building. Groundbreaking ceremonies 
took place on June 6 and the long-sought Addition was 
under way. The need for this substantial enlargement 
of the Central Library building is indicated (1) by the 
growth of the collections from 628,297 volumes in 1895 
when the present McKim, Mead & White building was 
opened to some 2,500,000 volumes today; (2) by the sub- 
stantial increase in use with more than 1,000,000 
persons a year entering the Library; and (3) by the 
steadily increasing role of the Library as a reference and 
information center. Philip Johnson is the principal 
architect for the Addition and has selected Architects 
Design Group, Inc., to be his associates in a joint venture. 

The new structure will contain some 480,000 square 
feet on ten levels. Its height and roof line will conform 
to the existing library, and its exterior will be faced with 
Milford pink granite taken from the same quarry which 
furnished the granite in the present building. The main 
entrance will be from Boylston Street and will directly 
serve the four public floors. At the year's end work on 
the foundation was proceeding on schedule. 

General Library Services 

This division reports that the calendar year 1969 was 
an uneasy one in which the social stresses of the times 
were strongly reflected in General Library Services 
activities. Among the bibliographical contributions of the 
division were: 

1. The preparation of a 152-page multimedia guide 
on materials available for work with young people on 
understanding the people, the institutions, the activities 
that make up the problems and pleasures of city living. 
This pioneer bibliography entitled "What Is a City.^" 

Boston Public Library 5 

was funded by a federal Library Services and Construc- 
tion Act Title I grant and edited by Miss Rose Moora- 
chian, Readers Advisor for Young Adults. The second 
part of the project, conceived by Miss M. Jane Manthorne, 
the Library's Coordinator of Young Adult Services, 
concerned itself with the views of young people on what 
the city means to them. Their responses in poetry and 
prose, and in paintings, were judged by a distinguished 
panel, and selections chosen were published in a companion 
volume entitled "What Is a City.^ Young People Reply." 
The judges were Miss Arlene Hope, Library Services 
Program Officer, Region I, United States Office of Educa- 
tion; Mr. David McCord, author, poet, and artist; 
Mrs. Ruth Hill Viguers, children's librarian, author, 
teacher, and former editor of "The Horn Book Magazine" ; 
and Mr. John Wilson, artist, illustrator, and teacher. 

2. A timely adult reading list on "Cities, Cities, 
Cities," which received wide acceptance and fulfilled a 
demonstrated need. 

3. The revised list, "Turned On," deahng with books 
and films on drugs, which was addressed to both the 
young reader and the professional working on the problem. 

A start was made on strengthening the collections of 
the General Library. A fivefold increase in the number 
of volumes for open shelf access has been programmed for 
the new building. A substantial increase in the numbers 
of large-print books — for people with limited vision — 
and of foreign language titles resulted from federal funds 
made available through the Massachusetts Bureau of 
Library Extension and the Board of Library Com- 

Circulation of materials for home use decreased. 
However, this is but one criterion of library use, and many 
aspects of library service are not reflected in a count of 
circulation. In the audio-visual area some 873,376 people 
were in attendance at the showing- of 22,156 films. The 
children's staff supplemented normal reading room and 
reference services as follows: 

Visits to classrooms .... 1,505 

Class visits to the library 
Story hours . 
Pre-school story hours 
Film showings 


6 City Document No. 15 

More than 400 other programs, which drew an estimated 
57,000 youngsters, included puppet and creative drama 
activities, original writing clubs, and summer reading 

In. the area of service to adults there were twelve 
Never Too Late groups functioning in the branches. 
Branch library activities included Friends of the Library 
meetings. Parents Discussion Groups, film programs, and 
lectures. The Central Library's Never Too Late series 
had a weekly attendance ranging from 120 to 240 inter- 
ested, appreciative, critical people. 

The Library again cosponsored with the State Bureau 
of Library Extension the Boston Herald Traveler Chil- 
dren's Book Fair. Together with other libraries in the 
Eastern Region and using the creative work which stu- 
dents had contributed to the "What Is a City?" project, 
the Library made a major contribution to the Boston 
Globe Book Festival. Under the sponsorship of the Young 
Adults Services, a film scenario was written, filmed, and 
released by youngsters associated with the East Boston 
Branch Library. Cooperation with tutorial programs and 
sponsorship of TV high school equivalency programs in 
four branch libraries are further examples of the service 
programs provided. 

Research Library Services 

The year under review was one of sustained pressure — 
pressure from increasing demands and pressure from 
diminishing space. The scope of collection coverage was 
broadened especially in the field of foreign acquisitions. 
With the assistance of federal and state funds the refer- 
ence resources were substantially improved. Many back 
files of important, journals and monographic series were 
acquired, and from the secondhand market and reprint 
publishers the Library has added significantly to its grow- 
ing collection of Africana and Afro-American holdings. 
The microfilm preservation program has continued apace. 
In 1969 forty-one local newspapers were filmed. Of these 
fifteen represented ethnic or foreign language papers, the 
other twenty-six being neighborhood community papers. 
The Sound Archive continues to grow through gifts and 

Boston Public Library 7 

Further consolidation of serial services took place within 
the year, and a decision was reached to use the Superin- 
tendent of Documents classification scheme for United 
States Government documents. A compilation of a Bos- 
ton and Massachusetts public affairs index was started, 
and the Fine Arts staff undertook to resurrect its Boston 
Architecture Index. 

At the request of Mrs. Serge Koussevitzky, a detailed 
inventory listing of the scores, books, recordings, por- 
traits, correspondence,, personal papers, and clippings 
belonging to her late husband was prepared by Mrs. 
Natalie Breed. This collection, which has been donated 
to the Library by Mrs. Koussevitzky, is an important 
addition to our music resources. Under the direction of 
the Keeper of Rare Books and Manuscripts, Mrs. C. M. 
Buerger prepared a prehminary listing of the papers pre- 
sented to the Library by Judge Ehjah Adlow. Other 
special projects included a pilot study on the handling of 
special gift collections of official and personal papers and 
the processing of a special collection of nineteenth- 
century theological pamphlets. 

Among the many gifts received during the year were a 
collection of 1,400 books on Asia and the social sciences 
from the library of Professor John Pelzel of Harvard Uni- 
versity; some nineteenth-century children's books from 
Mr. Sinclair Hamilton; a 1488 bible in the Bohemian 
language from Mr. Israel Perlstein; the library of Sara 
Ware Bassett, the gift of Mr. Frederick B. Taylor; the 
hbrary of Ehot Channing Clarke from Mrs. Louis F. 
Perry ; documents and papers relating to the Immigration 
Restriction League from Mr. Henry DeCourcy Ward. 

A trust fund was established to purchase books for the 
Kirstein Business Branch with a bequest of $7,864 from 
the estate of Mr. F. G. Kane. A bequest of $43,608.87 
received from the estate of David James estabhshed the 
David James Print Fund. 

Exhibits, as always, played an important role in the 
cultural contributions of the Library. Highlighting this 
year's program was the Library's salute to its good neigh- 
bor, the Old South Church, on its three hundredth anni- 
versary. The Trustees held a reception in the courtyard 
on June 17 for the clergy, deacons, members, and friends 

8 City Document No. 15 

of the Old South Church to mark the opening of an 
exhibition of the New England Library of the Old South 
Church. The Prince Library, as it is popularly called, 
was collected by the Reverend Thomas Prince, Minister 
of the Old South Church from 1718 to 1758. 

Among the special exhibitions in the Sargent Gallery 
were "Nineteenth-Century Concert Life in Boston"; 
"Notable Recent Additions to the Library's Collections"; 
"Dartmouth College: A Bicentennial Exhibition"; "Pi- 
rates and Privateers"; and "Five Centuries of Fine Bind- 

The display cases on the fu-st and second floors featured 
a wide variety of exhibits. The Science Reference staff 
arranged an exhibit for the 136th meeting of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science; the opening 
of the New Copley Square was signahzed by a "Copley 
Square" exhibition featuring photos, prints, watercolors, 
past and present; other programs ranged from "Black 
Inventors in American History" organized for Negro 
History Week to a Harrison Gray Otis exhibition on the 
occasion of the pubhcation by Houghton MifUin of 
Samuel Eliot Morison's biography of Mr. Otis and a 
salute to "Polish Music and Polish Musicians on the 
American Scene" cosponsored by the Massachusetts Fed- 
eration of Polish Women's Clubs. The arts were repre- 
sented by watercolors, prints and drawings on the 
"Boston Scene" by Polly Thayer (Mrs. Donald Starr) 
and by a ceramics collection of Mme. Bonanou-Papayan- 
naki of Athens which traced the history of pottery from 
3000 B.C. to the present. 

An exhibition entitled "Boston Town and City" was 
mounted in the Wiggin Gallery to celebrate the opening 
of the new Boston City Hall. "Masterworks of Lithog- 
raphy from the Albert H. Wiggin Collection" included 
works of Gericault Daumier, Redon, Toulouse-Lautrec, 
Shannon, and Bellows, and the exhibition of Arthur 
Polonsky's drawings continued the Library's program of 
featuring local artists. "Philipon's Printmakers" was 
organized by Weston Naef of Brown University, this 
year's visiting scholar. The exhibition takes its name 
from Charles Philipon, printmaker, publisher, and leader 
of the opposition to King Louis-Phihppe. 

Boston Public Library 9 

Eastern Massachusetts Regional Library System 

Interlibrary loan and fibn loans increased over the 
previous year, and expanded teletype service was naost 
useful in reference as well as loan services. Advisory 
service and workshops were provided by the regional 
staff, and bookmobile service to communities under 25,000 
population in the metropolitan area was begun. The 
operations of the two extension centers in North Reading 
and Fall River, formerly administered by the Bureau of 
Library Extension, are coordinated tlu'ough the regional 
bookmobile office in the Charlestown Service Building. 

Professional Activities 

The staff made many contributions to the local, state, 
and national library organizations and was represented 
at meetings of a number of learned societies. Mr. Macy 
Margolis attended a conference on "New Dimensions in 
Acquisitions" held in conjunction with the annual meet- 
ing of the American Library Association; Mr. B. Joseph 
O'Neil represented the Library at the Annual Conference 
of the Graduate Library School, University of Chicago — 
the topic of the conference was "Deterioration and 
Preservation of Library Materials"; Mrs. Beryl Robinson 
participated in Northeastern University's Writers Con- 
ference; and Mr. John Alden was invited to take part 
in a conference on Caribbean resources held at the Col- 
lege of the Virgin Islands. 

Miss M. Jane Manthorne addressed the Cape Cod 
Branch of the NAACP on "Black Americans: Many 
Voices, Many Messages"; Mrs. Laura Reyes spoke to the 
Women's National Book Association on the Library's 
Spanish Center; Mr. Sinclair Hitchings gave the opening 
lecture in the 1969 Adams National Historic Site Lecture 
Series — his topic was "Adams Historic Maps"; at the 
Association of College and Research Libraries Rare Books 
Section meeting Mr. John Alden read a paper on Thomas 
Prince and his library; Mr. Euclid Peltier moderated a 
panel on "Films for and by Children" for the Educational 
Film Library Association. 

The many programs and services of the Library could 
not be carried out without the outstanding contributions 

10, City Document No. 15 

made by the staff members in the Resources a.d Proc- 
essing Division, the Business Office, and the iiuiidings 
Department. The cooperation of the entire staff has 
been a major factor in the maintenance of hbrary service 
under trying space hmitations. I wish to express appre- 
ciation to the members of the Board of Trustees for 
their leadership and support. 

Philip J. McNiff, 
Director, and Librarian. 

Boston Public Library 11 

Table 1. Circulation 

1968 1969 

Central Library 535,492 520,330 

Kirstein Business Branch 8,512 8,698 

Adams Street 124,571 111,970 

Allston 48,505 44,740 

Bookmobile Service 351,577 320,481 

Brighton 55,929 73,684 

Charlestown 54,980 48,538 

Codman Square 102,541 83,908 

Connolly 58,757 48,206 

East Boston 50,050 35,423 

Egleston Square 57,929 43,287 

Faneuil 50,228 46,839 

Fields Corner (Dorchester) 64,034 57,551 

Hyde Park 119,648 111,831 

Jamaica Plain 74,863 68,641 

Lower Mills 63,011 55,204 

Maltapan 91,216 74,076 

Memorial 19,522 16,497 

Memorial Bookmobile . . . . . . 13,893 14,582 

Mt. Bowdoin 28,866 21,375 

Mt. Pleasant 25,830 25,690 

North End 56,151 35,651 

Orient Heights 37,664 32,581 

Parker Hill 40,119 39,480 

Roslindale 173,453 153,158 

South Boston 94,310 86,260 

South End 34,126 28,453 

Uphams Corner 61,882 54,561 

Washington Village 53,211 43,749 

West End 58,290 62,416 

West Roxbury 173,847 154,763 

Hospital Library Service 29,585 29,042 

Biblioteca Latina 1,659 5,217 

Total, Branch Libraries 2,270,277 2,027,854 

Total, Entire Library 2,814,281 2,556,882 


1968 1969 

Film and filmstrips 18,954 22,156 

Recordings 54,505 52,952 

Pictures 22,172 15,570 

Totals 95,631 90,678 

12 City Document No. 15 


1968 1969 

Interlibrary Loans 9,584 10,780 

Table 2. Growth of the Library 

1968 1969 

General Library: 

\'olumes Added 116,426 88,65:5 

Volumes Willidrawn 61,735 69,:i79 

Total on Hand December 31 .... 856,787 876,061 

Ilesearch Library: 

Volumes Added 58,197 107,967 

^'olumes Withdrawn 5,111 918 

Total on Hand December 31 .... 1,670,713 1,777,732 

Total Book Slock 2,527,518 2,653,793 


1968 1969 

Films 2,355 2,692 

Film-strips 113 132 

Ilecordings 21,389 19,319 

Lantern Slides 14,884 14,884 

Negatives ....:.... 2,130 2,130 

]>ictures 407,188 412,448 

Postcards 133,805 133,805 

Prints and Drawings 39,836 49,500 

Projected Books 178 178 

Microcards 11,283 11,283 

M icrofiche (sheets) 38,991 71,706 

Microfilms (reels) 25,664 29,546 

Microprint (boxes) 2,428 2,718 

Boston Public Library 


Table 3. Cataloging Statistics 



Volumes Processed .... 
New Titles Cataloged .... 



Original Cataloging .... 

LC Cataloging 

Rare Book Cataloging 











Table 4. Binding 



Volumes Bound 

40,823 49,319 

Table 5. Library Expenditures 


Salaries and Wages: 

City Appropriation $3,714,147 13 

Eastern Regional Public Library System . . . 14 1,4 12 78 

Trust Funds Income 2,916 65 

Total $3,861,506 56 

Books and Other Library Materials: 

City Appropriation $601,405 00 

Eastern Regional Public Library System . . . 645,236 14 

Trust Funds Income 74,214 27 

Gifts for Current Use 15,657 35 

Library Services and Construction Act Book Credits 313,002 30 

Total $1,649,515 06 

All Other Expenses: 

City Appropriation $597,104 75 

Eastern Regional Public Library System . . . 109,097 75 

Trust Funds Income 15,428 02 

Library Services and Construction Act Book Credits 11,819 85 

Total $733,450 37 

GRAND TOTAL . '. '. '. '. '. . $6,244,471 99 


$4,093,397 35 

190,485 74 

2,353 79 

$4,286,236 88 

$657,199 52 

530,273 86 

111,153 35 

10,676 60 

361,967 35 

$1,674,270 68 

$650,117 40 

100,435 10 

12,539 14 

4,119 72 

$767,211 36 

5,727,718 92 



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