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Full text of "Annual report"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06316 869 2 



Doc. I *£ 3- 



[DocumentI 1 — 1990] 




ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

FIRE DEPARTMENT 

for the period 
January 1, 1990, to December 31, 1990 




Boston, February 1, 1991 

Hon. Raymond L. Flynn, 
Mayor of Boston. 

Dear Mr. Mayor: 

I submit herewith the annual report of the Boston Fire Depart- 
ment for the period January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990. 

The replacement of fire apparatus has reached the one hundred 
percent status with the arrival of four 110' aerial ladder trucks in 
June of 1990. The average age of apparatus is now under five years. 

The auxiliary divisions maintain their high level of upgrading 
and significantly support our fire suppression companies. The on 
duty strength in any twenty-four-hour period remains close to 300 
firefighters and officers. 

Your continued and active support is sincerely appreciated by 
me and the entire membership of the Boston Fire Department. 

Respectfully submitted, 



Martin E. Pierce, Jr., 
Fire Commissioner/Chief. 



BOSTON FIRE DEPARTMENT 
Organization 



Commissioner 



TRAINING 
MAINTENANCE 
RESEARCH 



COMMISaCWER 



JTJ 



FAO 




CONST. 




WATER & 

HYDRANTS 



M.I.S.U I 



K 



PHOTOGRAPHER 




ANALYTICAL 
CHEMIST 



> 





MEDICAL 
STAFF 






1 




1 


HOSPITAL 
REP- Cll | 


ID. BOARD 



HEADQUARTERS STAFF 

Fire Commissioner, Leo D. Stapleton 

Chief of Operations, Deputy Chief, 
John D. White 

District Chief, Assistant to the Commissioner, 
Jeremiah J. Donovan 

Executive Assistant to the Commissioner, 
Gerard J. Horgan 

Department Medical Examiner, Alan W. Jenest, M.D. 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge Personnel Division, 
John A. Lockhead 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge Fire Prevention Division, 
Fire Marshal Martin Fisher 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge Special Services Division, 
Director of Civil Defense, Nino N. Tramontozzi 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge Training, Maintenance 
and Research Division, Martin E. Pierce 

Superintendent of Fire Alarm Division, 
Robert J. McCarthy 

Chaplains, Rev. Msgr. James J. Keating, Catholic 
Rabbi Ira A. Korff, Jewish 
Rev. Earl W. Jackson, Jr., Protestant 



4 City Document No. 1 1 

HEADQUARTERS DIVISION 

1) Executive Assistant's Office 

2) Public Information 

3) Accounting 

4) Budget/Fiscal Office 

5) Executive Secretary's Office 

6) Management Information Systems 

7) Payroll 

EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT'S OFFICE 

The Office of the Executive Assistant's first line of responsibility 
is to the Fire Commissioner/Chief of the Boston Fire Department. 
The office assists in the administration of the Department and 
makes recommendations for plans and policies. The Executive As- 
sistant acts as the Commissioner's liaison with various divisions of 
the Fire Department, City of Boston Departments, and state and 
federal agencies. 

Commissioner/Chief Leo D. Stapleton completed his goal of 
replacing the entire fleet of apparatus with the acquisition of four 
new 110' Aerial Ladder Trucks which were placed into service in 
June 1990. 

Boston's version of the final four ladder trucks were placed in 
service in Charlestown at Ladder Company 9, in Jamaica Plain at 
Ladder Company 10, in West Roxbury at Ladder Company 25, 
and in Hyde Park at Ladder Company 28. This brought the final 
replacement figures to thirty-three (33) Engine Pumpers, twenty- 
one (21) 110' Aerial Trucks, two (2) Rescue Companies, one (1) 95' 
Aerial Tower Unit and one (1) Air Supply Truck. 

The Marine Unit's new quarters will be available for operation 
before the end of 1991. The on duty force for suppression con- 
tinues to hover near 300 firefighters per shift. 

The Executive Assistant's Office oversees the work of all civilian 
employees. These divisions include the Executive Secretary's Of- 
fice, Accounting, Management Information Systems, and Payroll. 
Civilian personnel primarily work at Headquarters and assist De- 
partment members and the general public. 

The Office of the Executive Assistant is responsible for the op- 
erating budget and all capital bonding monies invested in the de- 
partment. The operating budget for the fiscal year 1990 was 
$85,510,887. Personal services encompassed the biggest part of 
the budget — $79,071,467. 



Fire Department 5 

BUDGET EXPENDITURES 

FY 1989 FY 1990 

Total Personal Services $73,516,905 $79,071,467 



Total Contractual Services 


2,578,899 


2,584,000 


Total Supplies and Materials 


1,957,210 


2,279,000 


Total Current Charges and Obligations 


867,514 


1,024,420 


Total Equipment 


667,550 


552,000 


Grand Total 


$79,588,078 


$85,510,887 



PUBLIC INFORMATION 

The Public Information Office serves as a connecting link be- 
tween the Boston Fire Department and the people living and 
working in Boston. 

Most surveys and requests for information are directed to this 
section. Research materials and information are gathered for doc- 
umentaries, newspaper or magazine articles, radio, and television 
programs. The Office acts as a liaison to the Greater Boston Fire 
Safety Council, a group of Greater Boston business people whose 
efforts assist the Boston Fire Department in fire safety education. 
Arrangements are made to provide fire prevention and fire safety 
materials to interested parties. 

Departmental swearings-in, promotional ceremonies and 
award presentations are coordinated. This section cooperates with 
the Department Chaplains, the Church Committee, and the 
Honor Guard in the preparation of dedications, memorials, fu- 
nerals, and other spiritual functions. 

HEADQUARTERS 

The Boston Fire Department Headquarters Division consists of 
five (5) sections under the direction of the Executive Assistant to 
the Commissioner. These sections insure that the Department is 
operated in an efficient manner. 

ACCOUNTING 

The Accounting Office is responsible for all fiscal expenditure 
forms and requests forwarded from the Boston Fire Department 
Budget Office. These include service orders, non orders, requisi- 
tions, purchase orders, change orders and contracts. 

Records are kept of all transactions, expenditures and charges 
as they occur. Balances are posted daily. The section is in constant 
communication with City Hall Departments such as Auditing, 
Budget, Purchasing and Treasury and vendors to secure informa- 
tion concerning payments, purchases and deliveries, account cod- 
ing, and other changes. 



6 City Document No. 1 1 

BUDGET/FISCAL OFFICE 

The Budget Office is responsible for overseeing fiscal reports 
generated by the Department, including projections, monthly 
progress reports, spending plans, and changes as well as informa- 
tion on the Mayor's priority goals. 

Requisitions, service orders, non orders and contracts are re- 
viewed and either approved or changes recommended. Quarterly 
meetings were held with program managers to review their ex- 
penditures and measurements. 

Annual budget requests for the Boston Fire Department are 
sent to this Office. The budget is then reviewed by the top level 
managers of the Department. The Fire Commissioner, when satis- 
fied with the fiscal year's budget, submits it to the Mayor for ap- 
proval. 

The budget contained fifty-one (51) measurement criteria and 
goals. Items measured include tracking the number and types of 
inspections done on a monthly basis by the Fire Prevention Divi- 
sion, reducing the number of incidents the Fire Department re- 
sponds to, and reviewing the average response time to an incident. 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY'S OFFICE 

The Executive Secretary's Office maintains all personnel 
records, accounts and reports pertaining to the Department. 

This section acts as the conduit for all matters relating to the 
personnel system including salary adjustments, the hiring of new 
employees, all firefighter indemnifications, civil service matters 
relative to appointments, and promotions. 

The staff interprets collective bargaining agreements that may 
result in step rate increases, vacation allowances, posting of vacan- 
cies, worker's compensation, bonuses, leaves of absence, and 
retirements. 

Motor vehicle accidents, damages to department property, 
third-party payments, and charges to the Massachusetts Turnpike 
Authority for departmental services are coordinated with the City 
of Boston Law Department. 

The personnel budget for each division of the department is 
prepared yearly. 

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS UNIT 

The Management Information Systems Unit (MISU) coordi- 
nates the electronic data processing operations of the Boston Fire 
Department. These operations include the development and 
maintenance of computer applications at Headquarters and Fire 
Alarm. 



Fire Department 7 

This past year the MISU developed and implemented the Haz- 
ardous Material Reporting System. The Boston Fire Department 
was one of the main contributors toward the development of this 
new standard for hazardous material reporting that will be used by 
over 13,000 fire departments across the nation. 

A new minicomputer, a Wang VS-65, was installed in Fire Head- 
quarters to replace the an processor. This new computer will allow 
the Headquarters Divisions to utilize a full range of office automa- 
tion applications. 

Department expenses were reduced by replacing an older 
printer with a new Genicom 4440 line printer. This change not 
only expands the printer's capabilities, but it will also result in 
significant savings over the life of the printer. 

The MISU continues to expand its microprocessor applications. 
The past year has seen the addition of Desktop Publishing and 
Harvard Graphics to support the needs of its members. 

PAYROLL 

The Payroll Division's responsibility is to ensure that Depart- 
ment personnel are paid accurately and on a timely basis. 

Employees are assisted in making decisions on payroll deduc- 
tions and medical and insurance options. 

A separate holiday payroll was initiated which enabled the City 
to meet the thirty (30) day payment as required by the Local 718 
contract. An acting out or grade and step rate file for each em- 
ployee was created and is maintained on the Wang network at 
Headquarters. 

On receipt of subpoenas and insurance claims, this division 
does the necessary research of employees' payroll records. 



PERSONNEL DIVISION 

1) Administration 

2) Medical Examiner's Office 

3) Selection Unit 

4) Personnel Assignment 

5) Employees Assistance Program 

PERSONNEL DIVISION 

The Personnel Division is divided into the following sections: 
Administration, Medical Examiner's Officer, Selection Unit, Per- 
sonnel Assignment and the Employees Assistance Program (EAP). 



8 City Document No. 1 1 

ADMINISTRATION 

The Administration section is responsible for liaison with vari- 
ous departments including: the Department of Personnel Admin- 
istration, Local 718, the Law Department, and other departments 
and local unions throughout the country. This division investigates 
charges and grievances and follows them through at Labor Rela- 
tions and Arbitration. A member of this office attends all Civil 
Service disciplinary hearings, Selection Unit appeals, M.C.A.D. 
cases, and court cases concerning the Boston Fire Department. 

MEDICAL EXAMINER'S OFFICE 

The Medical Examiner's Office handled 3,524 personnel con- 
tacts which included office visits, physicals, hepatitis B and flu 
shots. The total number of Medical Indemnification forms proc- 
essed was 1,770. This section is responsible for the security and 
maintenance of medical files for the Department. The Hospital 
Representative made numerous visits to hospitals to see members 
who have been admitted. 

SELECTION UNIT 

This unit is responsible for scheduling numerous examinations 
and tests including: medical tests, strength/agility tests with the 
State, physicals, screening interviews, and fingerprinting. Public 
lotteries are held to place candidates on a list with tied marks. 
Each person's application is reviewed and an in-depth background 
investigation is conducted. The Department of Personnel Admin- 
istration is contacted on all matters regarding hiring procedures. 
The Selection Unit acts as a liaison with medical facilities for drug 
testing purposes and also arranges drug tests for all Fire Fighters 
on Probation. Fire Departments across the country are contacted 
to compare hiring procedures. 

PERSONNEL ASSIGNMENT 

This Office is responsible for the assignment of all Pool and Act- 
ing Officers. These vacancies occur due to vacations, injured 
leave, department business and other circumstances. All promo- 
tions within the Department are coordinated with the Commis- 
sioner's Office, Executive Secretary's Office, and the Department 
of Personnel Administration. The assignment of all vacations 
within the Department is coordinated with the Deputy Chiefs in 
Divisions 1 and 2. The unit orders, assigns and distributes all 
badges, hat devices, and lapel devices. Forty (40) firefighters were 
appointed in 1990 to the Boston Fire Department. 



Fire Department 9 

EMPLOYEES ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (EAP) 

The Boston Fire Department/Local 718 EAP is a joint venture 
between the Department and Local 718. Its primary purpose is to 
assist the membership in addressing problems in the areas of: sub- 
stance abuse, marital, legal, stress and financial. These services 
are also offered to a member's family and retirees. 

The EAP staff maintains services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. 
The location of the EAP is at the Long Island Hospital. It is staffed 
with one officer and three firefighters who are certified in the EAP 
field. 

The staff addresses every fire house and fire college on an an- 
nual basis. Each new drill class is spoken with. Many smaller de- 
partments have been assisted in establishing EAPs. The BFD/ 
Local 718 EAP is responsible for assisting and establishing the 
International Association of Fire Fighters' Committee on EAPs. 



FIRE PREVENTION DIVISION 



1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 



General Inspections 

License and Permit Section 

Special Hazards 

Special Occupancies 

Night Inspection Division 

Plans Examiner 

Fire Prevention Records 

Fire Education 

High Rise Sprinkler Retro Fit 

Needless Alarm Reduction Program 

Chemist 

Fire Investigation Unit 

FIRE PREVENTION 



The Fire Prevention Division consists of many sections. The 
following contains a brief overview of each area. 

GENERAL INSPECTIONS 

The District Inspectors inspect smoke detectors for the sale of 
one- to five-family houses under Chapter 148 Section 26F They 
resolve complaints in their districts, review permits and licenses, 
and issue abatements for violations. 

The inspectors follow up on abatements that are sent in from 
the field. Non compliance cases and code violations are resolved 
through court action if necessary. Other City departments are no- 



10 City Document No. 11 

tified when a situation is observed that should be brought to their 
attention through Form 65s. The Fire Marshal meets with the 
Inspeetional Services Department Commissioner regularly to re- 
solve conflicts. 

Due to more efficient usage of personnel and consolidation of 
various inspeetional services activities, eight staff positions where 
phased out and personnel were used to fill needs elsewhere. This 
occurred with no reduction in assignments for the Fire Prevention 
Division. 

LICENSE AND PERMIT SECTION 

The License and Permit Section is responsible for conducting 
inspections of facilities, businesses, and construction sites where 
Fire Department permits are required. Permits are necessary for 
such activities as the storage and handling of flammable and com- 
bustible liquids, gasses, and solids; the construction or alteration 
of any structure; placement of dumpsters; the handling of asbes- 
tos; welding or cutting operations; the use, storage or handling of 
explosive materials; and the installation or subsequent impair- 
ment of fire protection or suppression systems. 

As a direct result of aggressive permitting by this section, espe- 
cially where construction and demolition take place, the fire inci- 
dence at construction sites has gone from common every day prac- 
tice to nil. A construction site has not required more than one 
alarm since Rowe's Wharf in 1986. 

A major part of making and keeping construction sites safe has 
been solving the winter heating problem of these sites. This solu- 
tion has involved substitution of steam and/or diesel in place of 
both random and universal use of propane to heat buildings open 
to the weather. This has been accomplished through the per- 
mitting process, and again active and aggressive enforcement. 

This section inspects licensed properties and serves as the Fire 
Commissioner's designee for the City as an appointed member of 
the Committee on Licenses. 

This office is involved in the ongoing restructuring and expan- 
sion of the permit and license system and utilizes its expertise to 
develop codes and procedures to respond to complex fire-related 
problems and hazards. As part of this, the Boston Fire Department 
Fire Prevention Code has been amended to reflect current think- 
ing and practices. 

SPECIAL HAZARDS 

527 CMR 9.00 mandated changes for underground storage 
facilities including requiring double walled tanks and piping, and 



Fire Department 11 

the retrofitting of old tanks with containment manholes, overfill 
and cathodic protection. Quick lube centers fall under the same 
regulations. Underground storage tanks continue to be a large 
part of the work schedule. All installers of underground tanks in 
Boston must have a G-12 license issued by the Board of 
Examiners. 

A joint venture with Boston Gas will see the first Compressed 
Natural Gas (CNG) facility opened in the spring of 1991 . Sixty (60) 
Boston Gas vehicles will operate using this fuel. Plans are also in 
the works to operate some refuse vehicles with natural gas. 

Self-service gas stations are now the responsibility of local Fire 
Departments. This involves the approval of plans through the final 
inspection before they are allowed to operate. A yearly inspection 
then follows. 

New permits have been developed which will provide more in- 
formation on hazardous materials. These hazardous materials 
range from flammable liquids, solids and gases to chemicals such 
as oxidizers, corrosives, poisons, anhydrous ammonia and chlorin- 
ated solvents. A sub-issue in this overall permit program is the 
issue of hazardous materials in laboratory settings. 

An aggressive education and inspection program has been im- 
plemented in the area of laboratory safety. The Safety Directors of 
the 25 largest educational, medical, and research facilities in the 
city attended several Boston Fire Department seminars to make 
sure that they understood the guidelines they would be required 
to follow concerning the requirements for storage and warning 
signage in laboratories. The NFPA Diamond Warning Systems, as 
well as biohazard and radiation warning signs, help fire fighters to 
better understand the materials involved. They can then take the 
proper precaution to protect life safety. 

SPECIAL OCCUPANCIES 

Company officers in the field complete quarterly inspections of 
hospitals and schools. Fire Prevention Inspectors assist them due 
to the complexity of the occupancies involved. Abatements are 
reviewed to insure that a location has complied with the Fire De- 
partment's findings. Consultation and suggestions are made con- 
cerning new construction or modifications to existing structures. 
Fire education for a specific occupancy is provided to assist the 
management in preventing fires. 

There are a number of different occupancies, that due to their 
size and potential life safety hazard, require special knowledge 
and are assigned full time inspectors by the Boston Fire Depart- 
ment. These include hospitals, hotels, schools, nursing homes, day 
care centers, and laboratories. Legally mandated, routine inspec- 
tions are made to insure code compliance, as well as a review of 
Fire Department responses to these locations. 



12 City Document No. 1 1 

NIGHT INSPECTION DIVISION 

The Night Inspection Division inspects approximately 1,600 fa- 
cilities with a capacity of fifty (50) or more people. All places of 
assembly are inspected quarterly. Places of assembly in hotels and 
theatres are inspected on a monthly basis. The busier night clubs 
are inspected weekend nights for overcrowding and other viola- 
tions. These events include concerts, live theater, the Boston 
Garden, Fenway Park, the Hynes Auditorium, and college arenas. 

The Fire Department has traditionally had a difficult time in- 
specting occupancies that are usually only operational or inhab- 
ited during non-business hours. In an effort to address this prob- 
lem, the Night Division will begin in 1991 to inspect homeless 
shelters, lodging houses and group homes. This will lead to a pro- 
jected 1,200 additional inspections. 

PLANS EXAMINER 

The Boston Fire Department Plans Examiner provides a com- 
prehensive review of building plans to insure compliance with 
State and City codes. These codes include the Massachusetts State 
Building Code, the Massachusetts Fire Prevention Regulations, 
Chapter 148 of the Massachusetts General Laws — better known 
as the Fire Prevention Laws, Fire Prevention Order 87-2 (Boston 
Fire Alarm Regulations) and the Boston Fire Department's Fire 
Prevention Code. 

Items reviewed include locations and requirements for fire hy- 
drants, Fire Department vehicular access, automatic sprinkler 
systems, fire alarm systems, and hazardous material storage. 
Proper installation of these items provides safer buildings for 
occupants and fire fighters. 

Meetings are held with building owners to discuss fire preven- 
tion strategies. Technical assistance is given to other City and State 
agencies. Involvement prior to building construction insures 
building designs are consistent with the Boston Fire Depart- 
ment's goal of protecting life and property. 

The Boston Fire Department Plan Examiner reviewed approxi- 
mately 1,000 building permit applications, 400 sprinkler permits, 
and attended over 500 job meetings relating to construction 
operations and Building and Fire Code Appeal hearings during 
1990. The Plans Examiner's main duty is to insure that construc- 
tion operations and fire protection installations comply with all 
applicable State and City codes. 

The Department is currently involved in a ten (10) year program 
that requires all buildings seventy (70) feet or over in height to be 
fully sprinklered. The Plans Examiner has a vital role in this pro- 
gram to insure that building and sprinkler designs are consistent 



Fire Department 13 

with the Department's goal of protecting the lives and property of 
Boston's citizens. 

Another section of plans review is the review of fire alarm sys- 
tems that are connected to Fire Alarm or to a central station. Fire 
Alarm personnel assigned to the Fire Prevention Division review 
plans and perform inspections. In 1990, 352 plans were examined, 
440 on-site inspections were performed and 61 boxes were tied 
into central stations or Fire Alarm through master boxes. 

FIRE PREVENTION RECORDS 

This section interacts with the public during business hours. 
They assist fire victims, citizens applying for permits and licenses, 
and provide research on inquiries. 

Company commanders are notified when inspections for cer- 
tain occupancies are required. Data, including inspection dates, is 
recorded for each occupancy. 

The records section is responsible for the collection or dis- 
bursement of Fire Prevention Division fees. Fees for permits, li- 
censes, smoke detector inspections, fire reports, and other miscel- 
laneous items are collected daily. In 1990, $1,147,701.19 was 
collected. 

Fire Department records are stored on microfiche for future 
needs. Fire reports, fire alarm dispatch slips, arson reports, chiefs 
reports, emergency medical reports, morning reports, abate- 
ments, permits, licenses, underground storage tanks, complaints, 
and interagency forms are among the documents that have been 
transferred to microfiche. 

The use of microfiche has made it easier to access old records 
and make copies of them. This system provides a legally accept- 
able document for court cases and the public. After discussions 
with the city archivist, it was decided, that microfiche records 
would be stored more efficiently and safely if there were two sets. 
One set is stored at Headquarters for easy access and the other set 
is stored at the city archives. 

FIRE EDUCATION 

The Office of Fire Education is responsible for promoting pub- 
lic awareness of fire safety and prevention. 

Fairs, community meetings, senior groups, health care facilities, 
schools, group centers, summer camps, tours, organizations, busi- 
nesses, and day care centers are used to promote fire education. 
Fire Department personnel share an understanding of the princi- 
ples involved with fire safety. 

Fire education covers topics such as smoke detectors, fire extin- 
guishers, escape planning, smoking, and cooking safety. Individ- 



14 City Document No. 11 

uals are encouraged to pass this information onto their family, 
friends, and neighbors. 

In 1990, the Fire Prevention Division continued its efforts in 
fire safety and has taken further steps by promoting fire safety 
through new modes of education. 

1) Public service announcements were given to radio stations 
and newspapers. 

2) Ten billboards were donated by Ackerly Communications 
with the message "Change Your Clock Change Your Battery". 

3) Posters of various sizes were distributed throughout the city 
to be posted in store fronts and work places. 

4) Posters were displayed in Post Offices and Turnpike Toll 
Booths. 

5) City Printing printed 3,000 coloring books on fire safety that 
were distributed in schools. A significant savings (80%) was made 
by reproducing them rather than buying from private distributors. 

6) Activity sheets for children were distributed to every gram- 
mar school in the city during the regularly scheduled February 
and October inspections. 

7) Boston Municipal Cable Channel 22 broadcast over fifty 
hours of fire safety information during October. 



HIGH RISE SPRINKLER RETROFIT LAW 

A serious fire at the Prudential in January 1986 led to a High 
Rise Sprinkler Law which was passed and signed into law in the 
Fall of 1987. It is officially known as Massachusetts General Law 
— Chapter 148 — Section 26AV4. 

The wording of the law was questioned and a legal opinion was 
sought on the condominium issue. Attorney General James Shan- 
non ruled favorably on this issue in the Spring of 1988. 

The owners of high rise buildings received literature about the 
law and were required to make decisions regarding the sprinkler- 
ing of their building. The compliance enforcement has met with 
great success. All "classic" high rise buildings (15 or more stories) 
are either fully sprinklered and alarmed or actively engaged in the 
process. The few buildings that are behind schedule will receive 
correspondence informing them of possible court action if they do 
not comply with the law. 

When all work is completed by 1998, the threat of a "towering 
inferno" will then be effectively eliminated in the City of Boston. 
It is not known at this time how the economy will affect the ability 
of these buildings to pay for the retro fit. In the absence of any 
changes to the law, the Boston Fire Department will continue to 
enforce all of its requirements. 



Fire Department 15 

NEEDLESS ALARM REDUCTION PROGRAM 

The Needless Alarm Reduction Program (NARP) started on 
September 1, 1987 with the institution of Fire Prevention Order 
87-2. Its intent was to reduce the number of responses of Boston 
Fire Department personnel and apparatus to needless alarms. 
Alarm system malfunctions caused by sprinklers, smoke detec- 
tors, and heat detectors at properties with central stations and 
master boxes are addressed by this program. 

An ordinance requiring mandatory fines for needless fire alarm 
responses was passed unanimously by the Boston City Council in 
1988. This legislation became an integral part of the Needless 
Alarm Reduction Program and became effective January 1, 1989. 

Numerous locations have made significant improvements to 
their safety systems, relocated smoke detectors, and decreased 
their sensitivity. Engineers, facility managers, and fire safety offi- 
cials have all helped make an impact on needless alarm reduc- 
tions. 

The fine process has made it financially prudent for many prop- 
erty owners to address their problem rather than continue to pay 
fees to the City. 

The Boston Fire Department has led the nation in addressing 
the needless alarm program at central station locations. However, 
Fire Prevention Order 87-2, and City of Boston Ordinance Title 
II, Chapter 4 addressed only alarm systems that sent a signal to a 
non-local site (mandatory for residential over 25 units). Local 
alarms (under 25 units) had not been addressed. In 1990, the De- 
partment reviewed industry literature and used its engineering 
expertise to begin to address the needless alarm problem at local 
alarm sites. 

As a first step to gather information needed for this study, the 
Boston Fire Department became the first Department in the na- 
tion to distinguish in its reporting system separate coding for local 
alarms. Information will be gathered in 1991 on local alarm prob- 
lems with the intent of finding solutions. These problems will be 
studied while working toward a continued reduction in needless 
alarms. 

CHEMIST 

The duties and responsibilities of the Chemist include the de- 
velopment and implementation of regulations based on the Fire 
Prevention Code, Article IX, Decorations, Furnishings and Inte- 
rior Finish, and Article XX, Hazardous Materials and the estab- 
lishment of an analytical laboratory to support fire investigation. 
The Chemist participates in ongoing programs in the Fire Preven- 
tion Division, the Training, Maintenance and Research Division 
and the Special Services Division. 



16 City Document No. 1 1 

FIRE PREVENTION LARORATORY 

The establishment of the Fire Prevention Laboratory was ac- 
complished in accordance with the order of the Fire Commis- 
sioner following the mandate of the Mayor in February 1984. The 
Laboratory is operated under the direction of a full time profes- 
sional forensic chemist. Laboratory reports and the testimony of 
the Senior Analytical Chemist are accepted in criminal cases pros- 
ecuted in Suffolk County. The Senior Analytical Chemist has re- 
sponded to major fires to assist the Fire Investigation Unit in its 
selection of material for analysis. This Laboratory has enhanced 
the ability of the Fire Department to successfully investigate and 
prosecute arson cases. 

CONTROL OF DECORATIONS, FURNISHINGS, 
AND INTERIOR FINISH 

The Department Chemist has continued the development and 
implementation of controls on combustible building contents un- 
der the authority of Article IX of the Fire Prevention Code. 

The regulations for upholstered furniture have received na- 
tional recognition and have played a major role in the develop- 
ment of standardized full scale test procedures. These new tests 
are the focus of a national effort to control furniture in hotels, 
hospitals, entertainment facilities and other regulated occupan- 
cies. 

A potential fire hazard in hospital bedding was uncovered and 
investigated in 1989. Hospitals were contemplating the use of 
foam pads of substantial size on top of mattresses to reduce the 
incidence of bed sores. Tests were performed with pads and hospi- 
tal mattresses and the potential fire hazard of the pads was con- 
firmed. It was further determined that some of the mattresses rou- 
tinely used by hospitals constituted a fire hazard. The existing 
regulation for mattresses for hotels and dormitories was extended 
to hospitals. The foam pads used in hospitals are regulated and the 
use is substantially reduced. 

In addition to classification of materials by performance of fire 
test, considerable effort was expended to inform and communi- 
cate with architects, designers, purchasing agents and sales orga- 
nizations the importance of the Fire Department regulations and 
procedures for compliance. 

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 

Fire Prevention concerns include the Laboratory Safety Pro- 
gram, the Regulations Controlling the Transportation of Hazard- 
ous Materials, and the permit/license controls for the storage and 
use of hazardous materials. 



Fire Department 17 

Training, Research, and Maintenance activities include being 
responsible for the specifications used to procure protective cloth- 
ing and equipment and field evaluations of newly developed pro- 
tective clothing. The Chemist takes part in the special training 
exercises conducted for fire companies and chief officers who re- 
spond to major hazardous materials incidents. He serves on com- 
mittees designated to prepare Standard Operating Procedures un- 
hazardous material incidents. 

Participation with Special Services involves the Title III, Super- 
fund Amendments and Reauthorization Act and serving as the 
Right-To-Know person on the Local Emergency Planning Com- 
mittee. The Chemist is currently designated as the Acting Munici- 
pal Coordinator for the Massachusetts Right-To-Know law. 

The Department has a technical specialist on-call for response 
to hazardous material incidents. Five (5) members of the fire fight- 
ing force have the technical expertise and training to handle these 
emergencies. 

FIRE INVESTIGATION UNIT 



The Fire Investigation Unit responded to 987 


incidents during 


1990, an increase of 218 responses from 


1989. 




The breakdown is as follows: 






Incendiary 




389 


Suspicious 




222 


Cause given 




193 


Undetermined 




48 


False Alarms 




54 


Threats/Attempts to Burn 




59 


Public Service 




10 


Miscellaneous 




10 


No Ignition Factor 




2 




987 


The above resulted in the following: 






Arrests 




64 


Court Cases 




193 


Convictions 




102 



Assistance is also given to Fire Prevention Inspectors when re- 
quested. A great deal of time is spent delivering subpoenaed mate- 
rial to various courts. 

The Unit sometimes receives requests for its presence at neigh- 
borhood meetings due to a devastating fire or a series of fires. The 
ability to have Spanish speaking and minority members of the Unit 
present at fire education meetings has greatly increased com- 
munication. 



18 City Document No. 1 1 

The Major Case Unit (MCU) continues to be a very effective 
tool in investigating major/suspicious fires. Their dedication to the 
job has helped to solve many cases. Staying with a case helps to 
bring a successful conclusion to many unsolved incidents. The 
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) assists on many of 
these cases. 

The Photo Unit responds to fire scenes, accidents and other 
emergency calls. They cover Department functions and dedica- 
tions. The photographers take pictures of code violations to assist 
Fire Prevention and produce videos of training, drills and other 
events. 

The Auto Arson Investigation Unit (A.A.I.U.) had a successful 
year with thirty-five convictions. Insurance companies refused 
many claims based on the Unit's investigations. 

The City of Boston had 1,533 vehicle fires during 1990, repre- 
senting a 17.2 percent reduction from 1989. This is the fourth 
consecutive year that a substantial decrease in the total number of 

vehicle fires occurred. 
I 

The breakdown of vehicle fires is as follows: 

Incendary 85 

Suspicious 854 

Undetermined 202 

Accidental causes 392 

1,533 

All vehicle fire cases were reviewed. This led to further investi- 
gation in 217 incidents and of these 58 cases were brought to court 
for criminal prosecution. To date, 33 of the cases have been suc- 
cessfully prosecuted. 

The reduction of vehicle fires has been the direct result of the 
implementation of the Auto Reporting Law and the combined ef- 
forts of the Fire Investigation Unit, the Boston Police detectives, 
and the Auto Arson Investigation Unit. The continued investiga- 
tions of vehicle fires will lead to a further reduction. 

A Juvenile Firesetters Program has been established through 
the efforts of this Unit, the Fire Education Office and Children's 
Hospital. The hospital will handle referrals for juvenile firesetters 
and keep the Unit informed as to their status. This gives the juve- 
niles an opportunity to receive treatment and not acquire a court/ 
criminal record. 

The same economic conditions that were present in the late 
1970s and early 1980s are reappearing. It seems there is now a 
trend toward more fires in small businesses — Mom & Pop stores, 
cleaners, restaurants, etc. They We closely monitored to see if 
any trends develop. Foreclosure notices are reviewed on a regular 
basis. 



Fire Department 19 

TRAINING MAINTENANCE & 
RESEARCH DIVISION 

1) Department Training Program 

2) Field Evaluation of Safety Equipment 

3) New Equipment 

4) Research and Evaluation 

5) Servicing and Repair Programs 

6) Harzardous Material Training Program 

7) Driver Safety and Training Program 

TRAINING, MAINTENANCE & RESEARCH DIVISION 

The primary functions of the Training, Maintenance, and 
Research Division are: 

1) To initiate and supervise the job development of the fire 
fighter, commencing with the probationary period and continuing 
throughout their career. 

2) To become involved in research programs designed to im- 
prove fire fighting techniques, fire fighting apparatus and equip- 
ment, and protection of fire fighters; to prepare specifications for 
new fire apparatus; and to test and evaluate new tools and appli- 
ances before recommending their use in the Department. 

DEPARTMENT TRAINING PROGRAM 

The recruit training for 1990 had one (1) drill class. This class 
commenced on April 25, 1990 with forty (40) members and gradu- 
ated June 29, 1990. A total of nine (9) weeks of intensive training 
was held at the John A. Martin Fire Academy, Moon Island. Every 
member who satisfactorily completed the drill school is now in an 
assigned company. In addition to the training of new recruit 
classes at the Fire Academy, a constant program of instruction and 
drills are held at both the company level and at the Academy. 

The portable maze, which was put into operation in 1988, con- 
tinues to move to the various districts throughout the city so that 
all members can fulfill their drill requirements on the Scott 4.5 - 
S.C.B.A., for the 1990 calendar year. 

Drills on the S.C.B.A. respiratory protective equipment were 
conducted by the training officers with every fire company in the 
city These drills are a basic review of the Standard Operating Pro- 
cedures, covering care, maintenance and operation of 4.5 air 
masks. 

Drills were conducted with the MBTA and various fire compan- 
ies at the Mattapan MBTA yard (PC.C. vehicles) and the Cleve- 
land Circle yard (L.R.V.s). The Dewey Square MBTA Station 
(South Station) was also used. 



20 City Document No. 1 1 

Foam drills were conducted throughout the city, keying in on 
the "Around the Pump Proportioned" 

All engine companies continued to drill on hydrant assist valve 
operations, drafting procedures and basic engine company evolu- 
tions. Ladder companies, including the Tower Company, were 
drilled on the ladder pipe operations and the raising and lowering 
of ground ladders. 

Rescue Survival Suit drills were conducted with various com- 
panies from July through October. These drills were held at Ja- 
maica Pond, Charlestown - off Pier 4, and Constitution Beach, 
East Boston. Drills are held on a seven day a week schedule at 
facilities such as the Tobin Bridge, the Callahan and Sumner Tun- 
nels, the L.N.G. facility and Logan Airport. 

There is an ongoing program for steam cleaning apparatus, as 
well as lubricating same, and checking for details. This is con- 
ducted at the Fire Academy by the Maintenance Division. Hydro- 
static testing of all cylinders is an ongoing process and every air 
cylinder is hydrostatically tested every three years. 

Fire College for all company officers and acting officers was 
conducted at Memorial Hall, Fire Headquarters. Subjects covered 
included structural hazards, lightweight trusses, vehicle hazards, 
liquefied flammable gases, hazardous materials, Personnel Divi- 
sion matters, Fire Prevention and the Hazardous Material Report- 
ing System. 

The C.P.R. First Responder Course was conducted for all mem- 
bers of the Department, along with an E.M.S. and Infectious Dis- 
ease Seminar. 

FIELD EVALUATION OF SAFETY EQUIPMENT 

Fifteen (15) sets of Morning Pride Turn Out Gear and Bristol 
Turn-Out Gear were evaluated. Summer and winter shirts from 
Tops Manufacturing were tested. Numerous Pride Elk Fire Flex 
Gloves were evaluated. 

NEW EQUIPMENT 

New Emergency One Aerial Ladders were placed in service at 
Ladder Companies 9, 10, 25, and 28. Members were trained on 
their operations by the Training Division. All ladder companies in 
the City are now equipped with Emergency One vehicles. 

Ladder tip strobe lights were placed on each ladder truck in the 
Department. Rescue Company One and Two received new glass 
cutting tools and Engine Company 55 received a new Ice Rescue 
Suit and accompanying line. A FYR float went to Engine Com- 
pany 9 and twelve (12) new Rabbit Tools (hydraulic door openers) 
were distributed throughout the Department. The extrication 
tools were continually updated. 



Fire Department 21 

RESEARCH AND EVALUATION 

Evaluation of various types of Bunker pants, coats and shirts are 
ongoing. Anti fog devices for Scott face pieces (Facepiece Appli- 
quay) continue to be evaluated. Testing of Kohler lights and vari- 
ous nozzles and Personal Alarm Devices (P.A.L. . 5) are currently 
in process. Class A foam systems have been given to Engine Com- 
panies 5 and 16 to be evaluated. 

SERVICING AND REPAIR PROGRAMS 

A service and repair program is conducted by this division on all 
fire fighting equipment, tools, and appliances at our repair facili- 
ties at Headquarters and the Fire Academy 

HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRAINING PROGRAM 

Under Title III, there are mandatory training requirements for 
fire personnel which involve a minimum of 24 hours per year for 
all members of the fire fighting divisions and 40 hours per year for 
members of special response teams. Training guides have been 
issued to each company and video tapes to each district for distri- 
bution to companies on a monthly schedule to meet the required 
drill period. 

DRIVER SAFETY AND TRAINING PROGRAM 

Driver training was scheduled by the District Fire Chiefs for 
companies in their districts during weekend day tours. Training is 
given to any fire company upon the recommendation of a Deputy 
Chief following an accident hearing. All new recruits received 
driver training at the Fire Academv beginning with the class of 
March 1989. 



FIRE FIGHTER 
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING ISSUED 

Fire Boots 297 pair 

Fire Coats 187 

Work Gloves 1,708 pair 

Leather Helmets with eye shields 68 

Fire Rated Trousers 1,674 

Fire Rated Summer Work Shirts 1,692 

Winter Sweat Shirts 1,685 

Tyveck Suits 48 

Haz-Mat Protectable Rubber Gloves 72 pair 



22 City Document No. 1 1 

DRESS UNIFORMS/SHIRTS ISSUED 

Officer D/B Sack Coats 10 

Fire Fighter Sack Coats 52 

Dress Trousers 122 

Navy Blue Serge Bell Caps 61 

White Bell Caps 41 

White Short Sleeve Dress Shirts 332 

White Long Sleeve Dress Shirts 178 

Light Blue Short Sleeve Dress Shirts 314 

Light Blue Long Sleeve Dress Shirts 12 
Navy Blue Short Sleeve Shirts 

with Fire Alarm logo 108 

SPECIAL SERVICES DIVISION 

1) Planning and Logistics 

2) Safety Operational Unit 

3) Fire Alarm Section 

SPECIAL SERVICES DIVISION 

The Special Services Division consists of three sections: Plan- 
ning and Logistics, Safety Operational Unit, Fire Alarm Dispatch 
and Construction. 

PLANNING AND LOGISTICS SECTION 

The Planning and Logistics Section is responsible for five (5) 
specific areas in the Department. 

1) Liaison 

2) Emergency Medical Services 

3) Underwater Recovery 

4) Local Emergency Planning 

5) Office of Civil Defense 

LIAISON 

During 1990, continued negotiations were carried on with the 
planning team of the Central Artery, Third Harbor Tunnel (CA/T) 
and the Central Artery North Area (C.A.N. A.) projects in order to 
address the fire and safety concerns brought about by the use of 
these Tunnels, Interchanges, Vent Buildings and Roadways. Nego- 
tiations have also continued with the Massachusetts Department 
of Public Works (MDPW) on the relocation of the New Northern 



Fire Department 23 

Avenue Bridge and the associated adjustments to the water sup- 
plies for fire fighting due to the loss of access to this area by our fire 
boats. 

Continued cooperation with all city and other governmental 
agencies regarding the interactions with the Boston Fire Depart- 
ment are progressing to insure that the citizens of the city are 
given the best possible services available. 

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES 

The Emergency Medical Services Office of the Boston Fire De- 
partment continued to train and retrain members of the depart- 
ment in the mandatory "first responder" courses during 1990. 
Thirty-three (33) new Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) 
completed Department training and then were tested and certi- 
fied by the State Office of Emergency Medical Services 
(O.E.M.S.). 

This section continued to assist department companies by re- 
supplying expendable materials used by the Fire Department at 
accident and other emergency scenes when fire personnel are first 
on scene and awaiting the arrival of Health and Hospitals E.M.S. 
personnel. 

The Emergency Medical Services Section has also participated 
in seminars and critiques concerning communicable diseases, 
trauma related incidents and other valuable information related to 
emergency assistance to persons injured or stricken and in need of 
immediate emergency care while waiting for transport to a medi- 
cal facility 



UNDERWATER RECOVERY TEAM 

The Underwater Recovery Team (U.R.T.) has been in transition 
within the department wherein three members have attended a 
course to become instructors for Public Safety (S.C.U.B.A.) Div- 
ers. This unit will now be training members of our Rescue Com- 
panies in Search and Rescue Dive techniques in order to give the 
department an added dimension in the possible rescue of persons 
trapped in a vehicle underwater or other type of drowning inci- 
dent. 

The Underwater Recovery Team continues to assist in the 
search and recovery of persons drowned and vehicles immersed in 
the harbor, ponds or rivers. They are involved in a program to 
survey the piers and wharfs looking for submerged objects. This 
should allow the Department's Marine Units and the Massachu- 
setts Port fire boat to travel safer in the harbor. 



24 City Document No. 11 

LOCAL EMERGENCY PLANNING 

The Local Emergency Planning Committee (L.E.PC.) has con- 
tinued to upgrade the local emergency plan for the City of Boston. 
The annual meeting of the Boston L.E.PC. was held on December 
12th 1990, at 1000 hours in Memorial Hall, Boston Fire Head- 
quarters. 

There was good attendance at the meeting at which the Title 
III, Special Hazard Inspector explained the modified procedures 
used to enable the L.E.PC. and the Fire Department to gain com- 
pliance with the provisions of the Superfund Amendment 
Reauthorization Act (S.A.R.A.). He also showed a copy of the new 
pre-incident plans issued to the District Fire Chiefs for each dis- 
trict and the Deputy Fire Chiefs for their respective divisions. 
These plans are used by the incident commander. A demonstra- 
tion of the Computer Aided Management of Emergency Opera- 
tions (CAMEO), currently in use by the L.E.PC, was given by the 
L.E.PC. Administrative Assistant/Senior Programmer. 

The Boston Fire Department responded to 738 incidents that 
involved hazardous materials during 1990. 

OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE 

The Office of Civil Defense maintains contact with Federal and 
State Offices of Civil Defense, as well as the general public and 
business community. Radiological monitoring and testing is pro- 
vided when needed within the city and is coordinated with the 
Police Department for the rotation and calibration of the 860 
Radiological Monitoring Survey Meters. 

The Emergency Operations Center (E.O.C.) at City Hall is be- 
ing moved to larger quarters to accommodate the expanded roles 
of the other city departments which work with the Civil Defense 
Agency. These quarters will allow for expanded staffing and better 
communications between all the city departments and any State 
and/or Federal agencies during times of crisis. 

Two new Radio Officers were appointed for the Civil Defense 
City Emergency Radio System. The Packet Radio System was 
tested and operational during the last drill. 

Records and reports are submitted on a quarterly basis to the 
Federal and State Offices of Emergency Preparedness. 

Participation in "disaster drills" involve various city depart- 
ments and allows an opportunity to coordinate emergency plan- 
ning. 

SAFETY OPERATIONAL UNIT 

The Safety Unit, under the direction of a Deputy Fire Chief has 
four District Fire Chiefs assigned, one to each working group 



Fire Department 25 

whose responsibility is to respond to all working fires and above, 
monitor the water supply and fire fighting evolutions at all inci- 
dents and the proper use of protective equipment and tools and 
appliances in an effort to reduce personal injuries and loss of time. 

This section field tests safety equipment and investigates all ac- 
cidents both personal and vehicle to determine if they were 
caused by defective equipment or procedures. 

After any major incident they review the procedures and recom- 
mend any changes that would make a safer environment for fire 
fighters to work in. 

FIRE ALARM SECTION 

The Fire Alarm Section is responsible for the installation, main- 
tenance and operation of the vast emergency communications 
network incorporated by the Boston Fire Department. This is ac- 
complished through the activities of four (4) subsections: Opera- 
tions, Radio Shop, Construction, and Inside Wiremen. 

FIRE ALARM OPERATIONS 

The Operating Force of the Fire Alarm Section dispatched ap- 
paratus to 45,380 incidents during 1990, of these 43 were working 
fires and 62 required transmission of multiple alarms. 

A Wang computer at Fire Alarm Headquarters was more fully 
utilized by adding the following enhancements: 

1 ) A special file was created for a more efficient retrieval of high 
rise buildings referenced by the nearest street fire box. This en- 
ables the dispatchers to quickly ascertain the necessity of dis- 
patching the additional units required to complement a full "Hi- 
Rise Response" to an incident. 

2) In compliance with Federal Law Sara Title III Community- 
Right-to-Know Law, a file containing all qualifying facilities was 
created which allows dispatchers to immediately inform respond- 
ing units of any pertinent information regarding a listed location. 
This should provide a high degree of safety for all personnel in- 
volved with a hazardous chemical incident. 

3) A program was developed for the Scuba and Metro Haz-Mat 
teams to provide a constant status and response procedure for all 
team members. 

A voice communications recording system reproducer was pro- 
cured from the Dictaphone Corporation for use in the Operations 
area. The major feature of this unit is the ability to play back re- 
corded audio tapes achieving a high quality reproduction of all 
messages during an incident. These cassette tapes are used exten- 
sively within the Department for fire investigations, training and 
critiques. 



26 City Document No. 1 1 

Additional facsimile machines were installed in the Personnel 
Division of Headquarters and the two fire fighting division head- 
quarters. This completes a means for providing an efficient 
method of transferring an extensive amount of information within 
all divisions of the Department. 

The Fire Alarm Operations area received a major facelift during 
1990. The entire upper area was replastered and painted restoring 
the architectural beauty of the Bulfinch-type ceiling. Also, an 
acoustical, moveable wall system was installed accomplishing a 
two-fold purpose, one being the quieting effect within the area, 
and secondly providing partitioned offices for the Chief Operator, 
plans examining and data processing. 

Fire Alarm Headquarters was toured by over three hundred at- 
tendees from the annual conference of the Associated Public 
Safety Communications Officers (APCO) which was held in 
Boston. These visitors came from all over the world representing 
many facets of public safety communications. Their comments 
were extremely complimentary regarding the condition of this fa- 
cility and its operation. 

Fire Alarm personnel are involved with nationally recognized 
associations concerned with the many facets of public safety com- 
munications by serving on various committees, attending semi- 
nars and participating in sponsored workshops. These activities 
afford the members an opportunity to keep abreast of the many 
advancements in emergency communications technology such as 
Computer Aided Dispatch systems, Enhanced 9-1-1 and fiber op- 
tic cable applications. 

FIRE ALARM CONSTRUCTION 

A new GMC Aerial Bucket/Line Truck was put into service ena- 
bling the extensive replacement of overhead cable and the under- 
ground and overhead multi-conductor cable throughout the city. 

Back Bay 385,000 feet 

Brighton 24,000 feet 

Dorchester/South Boston 218,000 feet 

Hvde Park/Roslindale 16,000 feet 

Roxbury 166,000 feet 

Total footage of conductors: 809,000 feet 

The relocation of the fire alarm cable and test post was com- 
pleted at Dorchester Avenue and West Fourth Street due to bridge 
reconstruction. 

Over 1,500 repairs were made to street boxes during 1990. 
These repairs include replacing box sections, light extensions, 
locks, terminal strips and painting. 



Fire Department 27 

Four additional Emergency Voice boxes were installed and sev- 
enty master/auxiliary boxes were connected to the municipal sys- 
tem resulting in a total of 1,151 master boxes and 1,354 street 
boxes in the system. Over 5,800 box tests were recorded, meeting 
the requirements of the NFPA standards. 

Fire Alarm personnel attended numerous meetings for the 
Central Artery/Third Harbor Tunnel project which involved re- 
viewing map layouts and recommending procedures for Federal, 
State, City and other agencies for new and reconstruction projects 
concerning the relocation of Fire Alarm equipment. 

RADIO SHOP 

The Radio Shop is responsible for the installation, maintenance 
and testing of all wireless communication equipment and associ- 
ated electronic hardware utilized by this Department. 

Voice pager units were issued to all District Fire Chiefs set on 
the radio dispatch channel which is activated simultaneously 
when any fire apparatus is dispatched in their district. This proce- 
dure allows the Chief to be immediately informed of an incident 
and eliminates the necessity of alarm operators making additional 
calls for notification. 

Radio Shop personnel were involved in a number of mainte- 
nance and upgrading projects. They relocated radio and public 
address system equipment to allow more efficient operation and 
easier access for maintenance, participated in a cooperative effort 
with telephone company personnel for upgrading radio loop cir- 
cuits, did periodic testing of fire subway radio systems and re- 
vamped the fire house alerting systems by replacing electron 
tubes with a solid state integrated circuit built by shop personnel. 

Activities 

Issued new portable radios 35 

Service to amplifiers and speakers 145 

Repairs and adjustments to paging units 182 

Repairs to portable and mobile radios 340 

Installed new radio equipment 36 

Issued replacement batteries for portable radios 36 

Repaired electronic sirens 22 

INSIDE WIREMEN 

The Inside Wiremen are responsible for the installation and 
maintenance of all electrical wiring and the associated apparatus 
and appliances including the internal Centrex telephone system 
of the Department. 



28 City Document No. 11 

The expanded use of computers within the Department re- 
quired the installation of cable and peripheral equipment at Fire 
Department facilities. A complete new speaker system was in- 
stalled at Engine 51's quarters, Engine 54 's house was rewired and 
the boiler room at Headquarters was completed. 

A "Gentran" emergency generator transfer switch, which al- 
lows a more efficient means of transferring from Edison power to 
the backup generator, was installed at three fire houses. A new 
"ship to shore" power exchange unit was installed at the Marine 
Unit. 

Motion actuated security lights were placed in strategic posi- 
tions in the parking lot of Fire Alarm Headquarters. 



STATISTICS 



30 



City Document No. 1 1 



TOTAL RUNS PER COMPANY 





TOTAL 




TOTAL 




TOTAL 


ENGINE 


RUNS 


LADDER 


RUNS 


MISC. 


RUNS 


2 


903 


1 


950 


CU1 


303 


3 


1,355 


2 


1,397 


HOI 


587 


4 


1,607 


4 


3,249 


H02 


604 


5 


1,249 


6 


2,307 


H03 


111 


7 


2,126 


7 


2,408 


MU 


203 


8 


806 


9 


1,005 


ROl 


1,688 


9 


801 


10 


2,195 


R02 


2,145 


10 


1,762 


11 


1,831 


TC 


1,931 


14 


2,316 


14 


2,361 


W12 


185 


16 


1,443 


15 


3,033 






17 


1,483 


16 


1,922 






18 


1,549 


17 


3,051 






20 


692 


18 


1,826 






21 


2,186 


19 


1,044 






22 


1,622 


21 


907 






24 


2,351 


23 


2,571 






28 


1,629 


24 


1,814 






29 


1,542 


25 


1,288 






30 


952 


26 


3,452 






32 


621 


28 


1,336 






33 


2,628 


29 


2,252 






37 


3,081 










39 


1,416 










41 


2,193 










42 


1,944 










48 


1,057 










49 


390 










50 


873 










51 


700 










52 


1,908 










53 


1,708 










FB 


81 










55 


719 










56 


689 











Note: This report tallies only responses to the scene of an 
incident. Covering is not recorded here. 



Fire Department 31 

COMPARISON OF INCIDENT TYPES 

1989 1990 









% of 




%of 




Type 


Description 


Total 


Incs. 


Total 


Incs. 


+ /- 


100 


Fires or Explosions 


6,604 


14.3 


6,354 


14.0 


- 250 


200 


Overpressure 














Ruptures 


17 


* 


17 


* 




300 


Rescue/EMS Calls 


6,170 


13.3 


6,865 


15.1 


+ 695 


400 


Hazardous 














Conditions 


6,064 


13.1 


5,723 


12.6 


- 341 


500 


Service Calls 


6,593 


14.3 


6,443 


14.2 


- 150 


600 


Good Intent Calls 


2,886 


6.2 


3,262 


7.2 


+ 376 


700 


False Alarms/Calls 


17,884 


38.7 


16,674 


36.7 


-1,210 


800 


Natural Disasters 


10 


* 


5 


* 


5 


900 


Other Situations 


37 
46,265 


.1 


37 
45,380 


.1 


- 885 


* No Significant % 













FIVE INCIDENT TYPES 
WITH THE MOST OCCURRENCES 

1990 



Rank Type 

1 710 

2 430 

3 733 



4 321 

5 592 







% OF 


Description 


Total 


Incs. 


False Alarm - Box 


6,662 


14.7 


Food on Stove 


3,003 


6.6 


Smoke Detector Device 






Operated — No Fire 


2,578 


5.7 


Medical Assist 


2,461 


5.4 


Public Service 


2,460 


5.4 



1989 

1 710 False Alarm - Box 6,471 14.0 

2 733 Smoke Detector Device 

Operated — No Fire 3,348 7.2 

3 430 Food on Stove 2,981 6.4 

4 731 Alarm System Malfunction — 

Smoke Detector 2,743 5.9 

5 592 Public Service 2,382 5.1 



32 



City Document No. 11 



COMPARISON OF ALARM LEVELS 
RY MONTH 

WORKING FIRES 
AND MULTIPLE ALARMS COMRINED 



Month 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 



1989 


1990 


Total 


YTD 


Total 


YTD 


12 


12 


8 


8 


8 


20 


6 


14 


14 


34 


11 


25 


7 


41 


11 


36 


9 


50 


6 


42 


2 


52 


6 


48 


6 


58 


6 


54 


3 


61 


8 


62 


4 


65 


9 


71 


7 


72 


10 


81 


9 


81 


9 


90 


16 


97 


15 


105 



COMPARISON OF ALARM LEVELS 



1989 



1990 



Working Fires 
Second Alarms 
Third Alarms 
Fourth Alarms 
Fifth Alarms 
Sixth Alarms 
Seventh Alarms 
Eighth Alarms 
Ninth Alarms 



41 


43 


34 


47 


9 


6 


7 


6 


2 


1 




1 


1 




1 


1 


2 





97 



105 



Fire Department 



33 



RANKING OF WORKING FIRES 
AND MULTIPLE ALARMS 
COMBINED BY DISTRICT 

1990 



Rank 

1 
2 
3 
4 



9 
10 
11 



District 

7 

8 

5 

1 

9 

6 
11 
10 

4 

3 
12 



Work 



Mult 



Total 



6 


13 


19 


9 


6 


15 


6 


6 


12 


2 


9 


11 


6 


5 


11 


1 


7 


8 


2 


6 


8 


4 


3 


7 


3 


3 


6 


1 


4 


5 


3 




3 



43 



62 



105 



1989 



ANK 


District 


Work 


Mult 


Total 


1 


11 


6 


11 


17 


2 


7 


8 


7 


15 


3 


3 


5 


7 


12 


4 


5 


1 


8 


9 




6 


3 


6 


9 


6 


1 


2 


5 


7 




4 


4 


3 


7 




12 


4 


3 


7 


9 


9 


2 


4 


6 


10 


8 


4 


1 


5 


11 


10 


2 


1 


3 



41 



56 



97 



34 City Document No. 11 

MUTUAL RESPONSES 



SPO> 


JSES To 


City/Town 


96 




City of Chelsea 


65 




City of Somerville 


38 




Town of Brookline 


31 




Town of Dedham 


24 


, 


City of Cambridge 


24 




City of Quincy 


20 




Town of Milton 


17 




City of Revere 


13 




Town of Winthrop 


10 




City of Newton 


4 




City of Everett 


2 




Citv of Lvnn 



CITY OF BOSTON G^^fes PRINTING SECTION