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Full text of "Annual report, [1st]- [1896/97]-"

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ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OK THE 



PEABODY HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

'( 

INCORPORATED AUGUST 15TH, 1896. 



OFFICERS, 

President, 

1st Vice President, 

2d Vice President, 

Treasurer, 

Assistant Treasurer, 

Recording Secretary, 

Corresponding Secretary, 

Curator, 

Librarian, 

Chairman Hospitality Com., 



igo6 — 1907. 

Fkancis H. Api'i.eton 

Thomas Carroll, 

Jeffkrson K. Cole 

Sylvan us L. Nkwhall 

Helen C. Allen 

Mary A. Fokness 

Mrs. Elizabeth C. Osborn 

Mary A. Osborn 

Mrs. Elizabeth C. Osborn 

Mrs. H. Maria Palmer 



DIRECTORS. 

Daniel H. Felton, Robert H. Gowing, P. H. O'Conor, 

Miss Mary W. Nichols, Mrs. Nancy J. Moulto.v, INIary Eliz. Poole, 
Richards B. Mackintosh, Mrs. Jos. G. Porter, Rkv. Oscar F. safford, 

DELEGATE TO THE BAY STATE LEAGUE. 

Rev. O. F. Safford. 



REGULAR MEETINGS 1906-1907. 



1906. 



May 2. Annual meeting. Annual Reports and election of officers. 

Aug. 29. Annual Field meeting at Felton's Corner, tlie home of Mr. D H, 
Felton being open to all. The meeting was held on the triangle, 
Gen. Francis Henry Appleton, Pres., presiding. The first speaker, 
Mr. Daniel H. Felton, spoke on the "Early Settlers" in that 
locality, of the " River-head," the old wharf, the clay pits, the 
Felton School, the Old Indian Pound and the Andover Turnpike. 
Mr. Ezra D. Hines of Danvers, next gave the histoiy of the Collins 
House, not far away, the headquarters of Gen. Gage at the begin- 
ning of the Revolution, 1774. Mr. Thomas Carroll then related 
the incident of Arnold's Army marching thru County, Sum- 
mit, Lowell and Prospect and Sylvan streets, then called the old 



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11 




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I]».s\vicli Road, on its way to Quebec in 1775. Deacon Chas. 
Whipple of Pike «fc WMiiiiple, gave an interesting account of his 
Carriage business, carried on since I80O, in the vicinity; the origi- 
nal building being on the triangle and burned in lS5o. 
Rev. O. F. Satl'ord called attention to the fact that until 1855, 
Feltou's Corner was the real center of the town of Dan vers, the 
first school and the homo of the first town clerk having been near- 
by. Gen. Ajipleton as Massachusetts Coninii.ssioner for the James- 
town Exposition made timely remarks in regard to the same. 
President Ajipleton spoke of the great loss tlie Society had sus- 
tained in the death of Mr. Nathaniel .Symonds, one of its most 
interested members. 

Refreshments were then served by Mrs. Maria H. Palmer, chair- 
man of Hospitality Committee, and assistants, and the company 
adjourned to visit Mr. Feltou's Home, the Felton Burial Ground, 
the Felton ^School House and the River Head. 

Nov. 20. President Francis Henry Appletou gave a most interesting talk 
ujion the Jamestown Exposition, illustratcul with lantern slides, 
showing views of buildings complete and in jirocess of construc- 
tion, the wonderful wall of tiowers surrouudiiig the enclosure, 
and many places of historical interest in Virginia. This was 
much enjoyed as at that time comparatively little was known 
about the Exjjosition. 

At the close of the lecture, remarks were made along the same 
lines by Mr. Arthur Lord, President of Plymouth Historical So- 
ciety, and by Hon. Dana Maloue, Attorney General, who spoke of 
the Deerlield Historical Society. 

Feb. 18. A meeting in commemoration of the birthday of George Peabody 
was held, Vice-President Thomas Carroll presiding and making 
the tlrst address, speaking of Mr. Peabody in connection with the 
Peabody High school. 

Mr. Fred W. Bushby followed, speaking of the purchase of three 
autograph letters of George Peabody by the Peabody Institute, 
also of his search in London for the Peabody Building and the 
Peabody Tablet in Westminster Abbey. 

Miss Mary M. Farley gave the genealogy of the Birthplace of 
George Peabody. 

Mrs. Joseph G. Porter read an interesting letter written by George 
Peabody to John W. Proctor of this town. 

Mr. Andrew Nichols of Danvers gave some personal reminiscences 
of Mr. Peabody and supi)lemeuted Miss Farley's paper with some 
(juotations from the Records. 

Mrs. Lyman P. Osboru read an entertaining account of the cele- 
bration of 185(3 in honor of George Peabody. 

Miss Mary W. Nichols of Danvers read a short poem written by 
her father, the late Dr. Nichols, for the celebration of 1850. 

Mrs. Lydia W. Thacher gave some personal recollections of Mr. 
Peabody and the celebration of 1856. 

iSIr. Otis Brown spoke of some incidents of the reception recep- 
tion of the body of George Peabody in Portland, in which he and 
others of this town had a jiart. 

Light refreshments followed adjournment. 
2 

Gift*"- 




FIRST HIGH SCHOOL, PEABODY MASS., 1850-1855 
FORMERLY CHAPEL OF UNITARIAN CHURCH ON CHURCH ST , NOW REMO/ED TO NO 26S WASHINGTON ST 
PHOTOG'lAPHED BY MR W. W. GOODMAN, PRESENT PRINCIPAL OF HIGH SCHOOL. 




PEASODY" high SCHOO ■ PEABODY, MASS —1855-1903. 
AND TOWN HALL ON STEVENS S I fi EEJ — IR55-I8R3. 

PHOTOGRAPHED BY MR, W W. WOODMAN, PR^.'ENT PRINTIPAL Of THE HIGH SCHOOL. 



Apr. 19. The graves of tlio Revolutionary Soldiers were decorated with 
flags as usual and laurel wreaths placed upon the monument. 
Our Society was represented at the meeting of the Bay State His- 
torical League, at Hyde Park, in the afternoon, hy Dr. Safford, 
Miss M. A. Forness and Mrs. L. P. Oshorn, who read a paper. 
The Rooms of the local Society were open to visitors during the 
afternoon and in the evening a meeting was held at which Mr. 
Oarroll presided and gave a most interesting talk upon the battle 
of Lexington and the part taken in it by our men from Danvei-s. 
Capt. Wm. F. Wiley spoke of the 19th of April in our Civil war 
and of the battle of Newbern in an extremely interesting way, 
especially appreciated by those members who had shared the 
experiences. After the reading of a poem on Our Flag by Mr. 
Jefferson K. Cole, the evening closed with the usual light refresh- 
ments. 

NEW MEMBERS. 

Nov. 20. 1906. Feb. 18, 1907. 

How. Benj. G. Hall, Mrs. Florence L. Ward, 

Mrs. Hannah G. Hall, Miss Sarah S. Moore, 

S. Chase Tucker, M. D., Mr. Edw. P. Hamblet, 

Miss Isabella A. Ward, Mrs. C. Isabel Hamblet. 

May 8, 1907. 

Miss Alice M. Patterson, M. D., Mr. Harry O. Gsgood, 

Mrs. Marcia M. Osgood. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

The Treasurer of the Peabody Historical Society respectfully submits the 

following report for the year ending iMay 1, 1907. 

Balance in hands of Treasurer at last report, . . $120.57 

Received for Admission and Dues, . . . • 130.50 

Gifts from members of the Society, . . 15.00 

Candle Sale, ..... 6.18 

Interest from Stimpson Fund, . . • 19.50 

Interest from Deposit in Warren F. C S. Bank, 3.28 

From Library at Washington, . . . 3.00 

From Sale of Post Cards, .... "^^"^^ ^o^o on 

Paid rent for one year to .\pril 1, 1907, . . • $150.00 

Electric Light for one year, . . . • 6.53 

Decorating Lexington Monument April 19, 1908, . 5.00 

Annual Dues to Bay State League, . . • 1-^|^ 

2 Doz. Flags for Graves of Revolutionary Soldiers, . 1.50 

Wreath for Funeral of Dr. Putnam, . . . 3.00 

Insurance, ....••• 1^.50 
Mrs. Brooks and F. S. Edgerly & Son for refreshments for 

Sept., Feb. and April meetings, . • ^..jo 

Expressing Chairs for Sept. meeting, . . • ^-'f^ 

Printing Ballots, . . . . • l-^^ 

300 Copies Annual Report, .... 1«-W 

Printing Postcards, . . . • , l-^-^O 
Envelopes,7:Postals, Stamps, etc., for the Secretaries and 

Treasurers, ...••• 14.701 

Balance in hands of Treasurer, . • . $373 30 

S. L. Newhall, Treas. 
Pearody, May 1, 1907. 



NECROLOGY. 

Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Courey, b. Oct. 31, 1833, d. Oct. 30, 1906 

Miss Susanna Mills, b. May 2, 1810, d. May 19, 1906 

Nicolas M. Quint, b. July 18, 1838, d. Oct. 29, 1906 

Benj. F. Southwick, b. July 5, 1835, d. Oct. II, 1906 

Nathaniel Symonds, b. Dec. 13, 1833, d. Aug. 29, 1906 

Mrs. Adelaide M. Tigh, b. Oct. 4, 1840, d. Nov. 5, 1906 



REPORT OF CURATOR AND LIBRARIAN. 

Durinfj the past year, our gifts from 26 members and 30 friends have as 
usual included bound volumes, pamphlets, manuscript papers, newspapers, 
clippings, articles for the cabinet and room, and photographs and money 
for post card plates. Among these special mention mi^lit be made of a 
cane, made of wood from the Chamber of Burgesses, where Patrick Henry 
made his still remembered speech, a most timely offering of Mr. Thomas 
Carroll, when interest was centered on the Jamestown Exposition. Also, an 
old Powder Horn, a relic of 1756 and 1757, with a rare etching upon it of 
Ft. William Henry where Lieut. Eleazer Lindsey and others from this towu 
were stationed. This was the gift of the late Mr. Alerson Galeucia. 

The "Parson Prescott" chair is of interest, being the original inspira- 
tion of the founding of our society. This was willed to the society by Miss 
Mills, in whose home it had been many years, and where, many times, as a 
descendant of Mr. Prescott, Senator Hoar came to call and occupy the chair. 
It was for the purpose of making a home in towu for this chair that the sug- 
gestion of an Historical Society was first made by Miss Mills. We have been 
honored by the Peabody Museum of Science by an invitation to loan our 
large buffalo skin with an Indian battle scene upon it, painted in black and 
blue and red, by the Indians. With the consent of the donor, Mr. D. H. 
Felton, thig was removed and maybe seen in its appropriate place in Salem. 

The Society room has beeu open as usual every Monday afternoon from 
2.30 to 5 o'clock, with members of the following committee in attendance: 
Mrs. Nancy J. Moulton, Miss Helen C. Allen, Miss Mary A. Osborn, Mr^. 
John Shanahan, Mrs. J. G. Porter, Mrs. J. J. Thorndike, Mrs. L. P. Osborn. 
Occasional teas have been served, and on one afternoon bayberry candles 
were made at the room and a sale of the candles, wax, berries, etc., was held, 
while the process of candle making by Miss Caroline M. Mudge of Dauvers, 
proved most entertaining. 

Classes from the public schools have made several visits to the room and 
the practical use of the treasures in our custody is gradually winning ap- 
preciation. Acknowledgment for photographs for new postals, is due Mrs. 
A. L. Newhall and Mrs. George H. Green, So. Peabody; Mrs. A. L. Arvedson, 
West Peabody; Miss Isabella A. Ward, Mr. Fred llagar, Gen. F. H. Apple- 
ton, Mr. W. W. Woodman and "Mikado," Program committee, for benefit of 
J. B. Thomas Hospital. 

Grateful acknowledgment is due contributors of the following items relat- 
ing to George Peabody and our High scliool and it is hoped that all missing 
links may be furnished by our interested friends. 

Gift Author Donor 

1788, '93, '95. Deeds re- 
lating to homes of 
Thomas I'eabody in 
Haverhill and Danvers 

now Peabody. Copied by A. Nichols. Andrew Nichols. 

4 



Gift 



Author 



Donor 



1795, Feb. 18. Birthplace 
of George Peabody. 
Its genealogy. 

1852, June 16. Centen- 
nial Celebration of 
Danversand Founding 
of Peabody Institute. 
Tickets to exercises of • 
Peabody Institute Li- 
brary Bookplates. 
Peabody Institute Li- 
brary Certificate. 
Peabody Institute Card 
Lists of Lectiires. (in- 
complete.) 

1856, Oct. 9. Peabody Ke- 
ception and Dinner 
Badges. 

Peabody Reception and 
Dinner Songs 
Peabody Reception. 
Poster or Chief Mar- 
shal's notice of. 
Engraving of Peabody 
Institute. 

1857, Aug. 13. Peabody 
Picnic, ace. of in news- 
paper clipping. 
Peabody Picnic Poster. 
Peabody Reception at 
Mrs. Eben Sutton's. 
Invitation to. 

1857-8. Framed Photo 
of Bust of George Pea- 
body by 

1857. Sketch of Sylves- 
ter Proctor's Drug 
Store, where George 
Peabody first worked. 

1857-8. Framed Photo 
of George Peabody 
from Daguerreotype. 

1866, Sept. 22. Queen 
Victoria's letter to 
Geo. Peabody. Fac- 
simile of 

1867. " Peabody " Coat- 
of-Arms label, used by 
Naumkeag Mills, New- 
buryport. 



Andrew Nichols 
Miss Mary M. Farley. 



Miss Geo. A. Osborne 
Mrs. Joel R. Peabody. 



F. S. Jones. 



Elbridge G. Perley. 



Andrew Nichols. 
Miss^Mary M. Farley. 



Lyman P. Osborn. 
Lyman P. Osborn. 
Mrs. M. O. Stevens. 

Lyman P. Osborn. 



Mrs. M, S. Buxton. 
Charles O. Warner. 



Miss Susanna Mills. 

( Mrs. Pickering Hart. 
I Miss Alice E. Trask. 

Horace Merrill. 



Lyman P. Osborn. 



Mrs. E. C. Osborn. 



Mrs. Lydia W. Thacher 



Mrs. Lyman Osborn. 



Miss Florence Torr. 



Peabody Institute. 



Lyman C. Osborn. 



Gift 

1867. Feb. 13. South 
Danvers Wizard with 
George Teabody's let- 
ter coucerning the 
Southern Fuud. 

1868. Card Photograph 
of George Peabody. 

1869. Framed Engrav- 
ing of photograph 
taken by 

1869, Dec. 18. George 
Peabody's Funeral in 
London, ace. of in 
Harper's Weekly. 

1870, Jan. 14. Descrip- 
tion of Preparations in 
Portsmouth for arrival 
of George Peabody's 
body. Clipping. 

1870, Feb. 5. Broadside 
with account of George 
Peabody's Funeral. 

1870, Feb. .^-9. Peabody 
Press with account of 
George Peabody's Fu- 
neral. 

1870, Feb. 8. Program 
of Funeral Service at 
South Church. Invi- 
tations to Funeral Ex- 
ercises and to Collation 
at Institute. 

Notice to Marshalls. 

Mourning Rosette and 
Baton. 

Photographs of Cata- 
falque in Institute. 

1871, Feb. 18. Peabody's 
14th Annual Birthday 

'Social Festival. Prog. 

1805, Feb. 16. Peabody 
Press with Sketch of 
George Peabody. 

1895, Feb. 18. George 
Peabody Cvintennial 
Cel. Badge, white. 
George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel. Badge, 
Blue. 

George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel., List of 
Committees. 



AUTHOB 



Mayall, of London. 



DoKOR 

Mrs. Lucy A. Davis. 
Mrs. S. L. Ferguson. 

Veteran Fire Association 
Charles O. Warner. 

Lyman P. Osborn. 
Harry O. Osgood. " 

Mr. Merritt Cook. 

Miss Alice E. Trask. 
Charles O. Warner. 
Miss Adaline A. Little. 
Mr. J. Henry Osgood, 
Miss Alice E. Trask. 

Charles O. Warner. 

Sylvanus L. Newhall. 

Miss Mary M. Farley. 

( Miss Adaline A. Little. 
I Mrs. M. O. Stevens. 

Lyman P. Osborn. 
Frank L. Ferguson. 
Lyman P. Osborn. 




TOWN OF PEABODY, 1906. WHEN COVERED WITH SNOW. 

PHOTOGRAPHED BV FRED D. HAGAR. 




House Xo. 31 V,\n\ St., removed trom ;^5 Main St., (now occupied by Mr. Daniel P. (.irosvenor) formerly Drug Store of 
Sylvester I'roctor, where (leorge Peabody first went to work, 1S06, at age of eleven. 
Photographed by George W. Hersey. 



In 1901, a committee was appointed to copy the Burial Ground Inscrip- 
tions and Bible Becords, tlirouohout the town. The following was con- 
tributed by Mr. Sylvanus L. Newhall. 

The Curtis-Very Burial Lot and Stone Tomb may be found in a small en- 
closure on Lynn street, near Lynn street court, about one and one-half miles 
from Peabody sijuare. The stones are of slate ; the decoration, a weepinfj 
willow. The tomb was built by Mrs. Esther, wife of Daniel Stone, Jr., and 
dauf^hter of Amos and Sally Very. Other particulars concernino- those in- 
terred here may be found at the Rooms of the Historical Society, and any 
information re<>arding them will be jri-jitefuUy received. 




CURTIS— VERY LOT AND STONE TOMB. 

IX Memory of 

Mr Amos Cuutis, 

who died 

May 13, 1828, 

aged 74 years. 



IN MEMORY OF 

Mrs Mai;y Russell, 

Relict of 

3/K ANDREW RirSSELL, 

who died 

Sept. 24, 1837, 

Aged (53. 

IX TOMB 



S.\MUEi, W. Fekhin, 
KsiHEK Eliza Stone, 
Joseph W. Stone, 
George W. K. Stonk, 



Sacked 

To the Memory of 

Mrs Betsey (Juktis 

relict of 

3/R AMOS CURTIS, 

who died 

Feb. 21, 1833, 

Aged 74 years. 



AMOS VERY, 

Aged 73. 
SALLY VERY, 

Aged 82. 

May The;/ KesC In Peace. 




Gift 
George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel. Menu. 

George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel., Order of 
Dances. 

George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel., Program 
of Exercises. 
George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel., Program 
of School Celebration. 
George Peabody Cen- 
tennial Cel., Ticket to 
Banquet. 
1901, Feb. 2. Accession 
of Edward VII. Lon- 
don 111. News, 

1901, Feb. 7. Funeral of 
Queen Victoria in 
London, 111. News. 

1901, Feb. 9. Funeral 
of Queen Victoria in 
London, Sphere. 

1902. Deed of right to 
Peabody Historical So- 
ciety to maintain 
marker at Birthplace 
of George Peabody. 



AtTTHOB Donor 

Miss E. C. Kimball. 

Adaline A. Little. 

Lyman P. Osborn. 

Adaline A. Little. 

Lyman P. Osborn. 

Mrs. J. G. Porter. 

Mrs. J. G. Porter. 

Mrs. J. G. Porter. 

Charles B. Farley. 



1850, June 3. Peabody High School opened with 40 pupils 
and was named for George Peabody. 



1858, March 11. Annual 
Report to Town and 
Order of Exercises at 
Examination of Pea- 
body High School. 

1862, July 22. Challenge 
by boys of P. H. S. to 
the Female Base Ball 
Players. 

1864, March 28. Order of 
Exercises at Exhibi- 
tion of P. H. S. 

1866, Nov. 10. P. H. S. 
Asso. "Constitution." 

1867, Feb. 18. P. H. S. 
Asso. 1st Annual Re- 
union. George Pea- 
body present. 

Ode. 



Mrs. Alice B. Luramus. 



Harry O. Osgood. 

Harry O. Osgood. 
Harry O. Osgood. 

( Chas. Bancroft 
Miss Sarah E.Perkins, '60 ( Harry O. Osgood. 



Gift 



Author 



DoKoiR 



1868, Feb. 18. P. H. S. 
Asso. 2iid Annual Re- 
union. 

Ode. 
Poem. 

1869. Feb. 18. P. H. S. 
Asso. i3rd Annual re- 
union. 

Ode. 
Ode. 

1876, Feb. 18. P. H. S. 
Asso. Reunion. 
Poem. 
Ode. 

1878, Feb. 18. P. H. S. 
Asso. Reunion. 

Ode. 
Poem. 

1879, Apr. May, June. P. 
H. S. Newspaper "The 
Review," vol. I. 1, 2 
and 3. 

1892, Oct. 21. Columbus 
Day P. H. S. Badge. 

1895, June 26. P. H. S. 
Alumni Asso. First 
Annual Reunion. 
Song. 

1897, June 15. Invita- 
tion to Reunion. 

1898. P. H. S. A. A. 
" Constitution and By- 
laws." 

1898, Feb. 18. P. H. S. 
A. A. 4th Annual Re- 
union. 
Ode. 

1900, June 1. P. H. S. 
50th Anui. Alumni As- 
sociation Reunion. 

1902, June 26. P. H. S. 
Graduation Exercises. 
Ode. 

1904. P. H. S. Gradua- 
tion Exercises. 
Song. 

1906. P. H. S. Gradua- 
tion Exercises. 
Ode. 



Miss Sarah J. Smith, '57 

Miss Sarah E. Perkins, '60 Harry O. Osgood. 



Miss Sarah E. Perkins, '60 

Miss H. F. Osborne, '62 Harry O. Osgood. 



Miss Martha O. Barrett 

Miss Carrie W. Bomer. Harry O. Osgood. 



Miss Susie Feltou. 

Miss Grace Goodrich. Harry O. Osgood. 



Charles C. Hills. 
Frank L. Ferguson, 



.,• o T Harry O. Osgood. 

Miss S. J. C. Needham, Lyman P. Osborn. 

Lyman P. Osborn. 



Harry O. Osgood. 
Harry O. Osgood. Harry O. Osgood. 

E. C. Osborn. 
Frank Augustus Ferrin. E. C. Osborn. 
Mary Eliza. Osgood. E. C. Osborn. 



Marguerite Bott. 
8 



E. C. Osborn. 



THE STORY OF OUR HIGH SCHOOL. 

BY MR. THOMAS CARROLL. 

In 1849 the number of inhabitants in the town of Dauveis was a little over 
six thousand. Early in the year a prominent citizen, John W. Procter, 
threatened to have the town indicted for not supportiii^^ a high school. At 
the second adjournment of annual Town meeting, held in Grauite Hall, 
North Parish, April 2, 1849— the school committee were iustructed to con- 
sider the matter of establishing two High schools and report at the next 
annual meeting. 

April 1, 1850 — Second adjournment of annual meeting held in Union Hall, 
South Parish. Report of the committee having been printed and circulated 
was brouf^ht before the meeting. 

April 8, 1850 — Town voted to establish two high schools, one in the North 
and one in the South Parish. Appropriation of -$4.50 per pupil was made; 
$3.50 of same to be paid to Districts, and balance used for High schools. 

We are concerned particularly with tlie High school in this section of the 
town which opened June 7, 1850, in a small, one story building, in the rear 
of the Unitarian church, which had been used by the church us a chapel or 
vestry. 

There was only one do or in the building, for ingress and egress. There 
were a couple of closets, near the teachers' platform, for storing the few 
pieces of physical and chemi^^al apparatus belonging to the school. There 
were no recitation rooms and lessons were heard in sight and hearing of all 
the pupils. There was seating capacity for forty-three scholars and about 
twenty-live attended the hrst year. The tirst teacher was Eugene B. 
Hinckley, a native of New Brunswick, Maine, who had recently graduated 
from Bowdoin College, in his own town. He was a man of distinguished 
appearance, dignified and athletic. There was an air of lofty austirity about 
him, which made him feared by the wrong doer, but to those who tried to 
walk in the straight way, he was kind, sympathetic and helpful. 

It seems incredible now that one person could teach so m my branches of 
study every day, with no assistance. There was no evasioa of a lesson at 
' any time. Every task had to be done and done right. There were two ses- 
sions a day: 9 to 12 in the morning— 1.30 to 4.^0 in the afternoon. The ex- 
periments in chemistry and physics were performed in the presence of the 
whole school. The hoy in the Latin reader got the swing of Virgil from 
hearing the older scholars recite, and his ear was familiar with the potency 
of X and the square of the hypothenuse long before he toolc up Algebra and 
Geometry. Every book in "the ^-Eneid was read and the study of Virgil 
began with the Georgics. Every fortnight the boys declaimed some stand- 
ard piece from the platform, the girls recitiug a poetical selection in the 
intervening week. 

On nearly every Saturday morning the whole school had a reading lesson. 
Each scholar stood up in turn and read a paragraph from a standard reader, 
the books were put away, words from the lesson given out and written 
down on slates by the whole school. The slates were then exchanged, the 
first scholar in line spelled a word from his neighbor's slate, gave the defini- 
tion and so on until the lesson was over. 

In the winter of 1854, the High schools of the South and North Parishes 
met together for the first time. " The meeting was held in the vestry of the 
South Church, on the Square, and the occasion was to receive the announce- 
ment of the gift of George Peabody to the two schools, whereby the most 
worthy scholars were to receive prizes or medals at the time of their gradu- 

9 



ation. The gathering was a pleasant one, the letter from Mr. Peabody was 
read by a Mr. Sylvester of the North Parish, speeches were made and an ode, 
written by Mrs. George !A. Osborne, was sung to the tune of Auld Lang 
Syne. 

Marcli 6, 1854, at a Town meeting held in Union Hall, was an article in 
the warrant " to see if the town will build two high schoolhouses," referred 
to committee. 

March 20, 1854, the Town voted to appropriate $12,000 to build two school- 
houses for the " Peabody " and " Molten " lligli schools. 

A building committee was chosen as follows: Henry Cook, Lewis Allen, 
Joseph Poor, Edward T. VValdron, Adiuo Page, Nathan Tapley, Joseph 
Mudge. 

April 10, 1854, additional appropriation of $7,000 was made, the buildings 
to be constructed so as to provide for town purposes. Five members were 
added to the building committee: Francis Dane, Dr. George Osborne, Isaac 
Hardy, Jr., Elijah W. Upton, Alonzo P. Phillips. 

At a special meeting held June 12, 1854, $;3,000 additional was appro- 
priated. 

It seems singular now in the light of these proceedings that before the 
buildings here voted for were ready to be occupied, the old town should be 
rent in twain and each of the two parts have a new High schoolhouse and a 
Town house combined, ready for occupancy after the parting of the ways. 
The population in this part of the town had increased more rapidly than' in 
the northern part. We were fast becoming a manufacturing community, 
while they were mainly agricultural. The statement was made that we 
ceased to have longer ;niy common interests and that each part would be 
benefited by division. The majority in the North parish were opposed to 
division while in this i);ut the majority favored it. The contest was fought 
with great feeling, ap])roaching to vehemence, but there was no bitterness 
after it was over, for in the very next year, 1856, the two communities united 
in the most harmonious and enthusiastic manner in giving George Peabody 
a royal welcome, on his first visit to his native town. 

One of the strongest arguments for division was the fact of two high 
schools in one town — miles apart. The act of incorporation of the Town of 
South Danveis was passed May 18, 1855. It was agreed that surplus reve- 
nues of the town of Dauvcrs be divided pro rata between the children from 
5 to 15 years of age. 

Before the new building was ready for occupancy, Mr. Hinckley resigned 
his i)osition as master of the high school, to the great regret of the people. 
His five years of teaching was confined to the little building where the 
school was started, but he left his impress on the community, an impress 
that time has not effaced. 

J. W. Colcord was the first master of the new high school, and he was 
succeeded by C. L. Cushman. Robert E. Babson was the next principal, 
and after hint came V. H. Dean. William L. Thompson taught during a 
part of the civil war, and Albert C. Perkins came after him. Next in succes- 
sion came Isaac N. Carleton and Henry Dame, to be succeeded by Byron 
(iroce, who taught with success for several years. James N. Ham is remem- 
bered here as a strong and efficient schoolmaster, whose term of service was 
among the longest of any. J. Y. Bergen, jr., was a finely equipped teacher 
and he was followed by Charles A. Holbrook. Next in order of teaching 
was John M. Nichols, whose faithful work is not forgotten. When Mr. 
Nichols resigned the committee elected W. W. Woodman, who, fortunately 
for the town and the .school, is still with us, enjoying the distinction of 
teaching in the old school and the new and doing good work in both. 

As the town grew in im])ortance and population, the number of scholars 
in the hi^h school increased in proportion. In 1883 the new town hall was 
built and the lower floor of the high school building, heretofore used for 

10 




PEABODY" high school, central ST-, PEABODY. MASS., 1903. 

PHOTOGRAPHED BY GEORGE W. HERSEY- 




mm^^ss^- cr-^n^^^i=:;:s=-^ssss£^^w^5' 



PEABODY TOWN HALL, LOWELL STREET, PEABODY, MASS., 1883. 
DONATED BY GEORGE H. JACOBS. 



town purposes, was ^iven over for the use of the school. Some years later 
the building- was enlarued, but even this failed to accommodate the influx 
of pupils desirous of gettiug a hioli school education. The maiu room was 
crowded and every class room was overflowino. The school committee re- 
peatedly called the attention of the town to the necessity of a new house 
with greater accommodations, and this movement grew, until the matter 
was brought before the town in March, 1901, when the committee was ap- 
pointed to consider the question of a new high school house. In the fol- 
lowing year the same committee was authorized to buy a suitable piece of 
land, erect a building thereon and furnish it; and the sum of $95,000 was 
placed at the disposal t)f the committee to carry out the wishes of the town 
to be increase<l two years later by an additional $10,000, so that the under- 
taking might be entirely complete. 

One of the pleasantest things which the committee have to dwell upon 
is — that they did not overrun their ai)propriation. On the contrary they 
had a handsome balance which they used in grading the grounds, layino- 
out walks and fencing the lot. 

Public announcemeut was made that the building would be open for in- 
spection <ni the afternoon of Thursday, September 1, and that in the even- 
ing, in the assembly hall, it would be turned over to the town authorities. 
The ceremony was simple, yet not lacking in dignity. The beautiful hall 
was tilled with an interested audience who had previously visited every 
room from the basement below to the laboratories above. On the platform 
were the board of selectmen, the school committee, the building committee 
and the architect. Tiiomas Carroll, acting chairman, introduced Hon. 
Amos Merrill as the representative of the committee for the occasion. The 
long and honorable career of Mr. Merrill, his valued services to the town in 
the dischai'ge of his duty in many positions of honor and trust, and the 
interest he had always taken in the schools made it eminently appropriate 
that he should be their spokesman in this affair. Mr. Merrill gave a brief 
statement of the work of the committee up to that time, and presented the 
keys of the building to Andrew N. .Jacobs, chairman of the selectmen, who, 
after a speech of acceptance, delivered them to John .1. Cahill, chairman of 
the school committee. Mr. Cahill made a neat response and the building 
was then in the hands of legitimate custodians. 



The following quotation may be found in the report of the School Com- 
mittee of Danvers for 1854. 

London, Nov. 30, 1853. 

To THE COMMITTKK OF THE " HoI/FON" AND " PeABODY " HiGH SCHOOLS I 

Gentlemen: — In acknowledging the compliment paid me by giving my 
name to the High School of tlie South Parish in Danvers, it is my wish to 
confer on the schools over which you preside some more substautial benefit 
than appertains to a name. 

I will transmit to you in the autumn of 1854 the sum of two hundred dol- 
lars, and I will continue to send the same amount annually (i)rovided the 
result shall be satisfactory), during my life, to be expended in prizes for 
distribution as rewards of merit to the pupils at their yearly examination. 
Very respectfully and truly yours, 

GEORGE PEABODY." 
11 



inh:' ^.. .^Jii 



"Aug. 5, 1867, Mr. Peabody established a fund of $2,000 for medals 'to re- 
place bis annual gift of $200.'— [See 'The Peabody Institute' in ' George 
Peabody Centennial Celebration,' p. 77, compiled by Gen. Francis H. Apple- 
ton. 

The medals were first given to the graduates of 1855 whose names may be 
found in the Reports of the School Committee for 1855 and 1856. 

In the Report of 1868 we find "The Trustees of the Institute have the 
committee's thanks for so readily co-operating with them in giving the In- 
stitute for the occasion (graduation exercises)." 

There is an appropriateness, too, in distributing the Peabody silver under 
a Peabody roof, and, as it were, in the donor's bodily presence. 

Additional interest attended the recent distribution of medals from the 
fact that the first impressions from the new dies were used. The old dies 
having become injured, it was found necessary to procure a new form. We 
are happy to report that the new model bears a favorable comparison 
with the old. 



Invitations have been received for and delegates have attended the fol- 
lowing meetings: 

1906. 
Jan. 2. Annual meeting of the " Bay State Historical League " at Ips- 
wich. Of this " League " oiir Society is a member and Dr. O. F. 
SafEord is our delegate and a member of the Board of Directors. 
June 12. Annual meeting of the " Haverhill Historical Society." 
July 18. Field meeting of the " Essex Institute," at Langsford's Grove, 

Lanesville. 
Nov. 24. " Bay State Historical League " meeting at Medford. 
Dec. 28. A session of the " American Historical Association " in Manning's 
Hall, Brown University, Providence, at the 22nd annual meet- 
ing. 
1907. 
Mar. 27. Old Planters' Society. Annual meeting in Salem. 
April 19. " Bay State Historical League " meeting at Hyde Park. 



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