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3 9999 06316 863 5 

DOCUMENT 11 -- 1976 





JULY 1, 1975 TO JUNE 30, 1976 

BOSTON, July 1, 1976. 

Mayor of Boston. 

Dear Mr. Mayor: 

I have the honor to submit herewith a report of the 
activities of the Boston Fire Department for the period 
July 1, 1975 to June 30, 1976. 

During this period, the department experienced the 
busiest year in its history and the manpower of the depart- 
ment was taxed to its utmost capacity. The members of 
the department are to be commended for their dedication 
during this trying period. 

The department will continue to provide the best in 
protection against fire by keeping abreast of all newly 
developed technology and providing the necessary leader- 
ship to effect the desired results. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Fire Commissioner. 

"" "-J? 

1975 - 1976 

Fire Commissioner, JAMES H. KELLY 

(retired July 11, 1975) 

Fire Commissioner, GEORGE H. PAUL 

(from July 11, 1975) 

Chief of Department, GEORGE H. PAUL 

Executive Secretary, ROSEMARY L. GRIFFIN 

Medical Examiner, RICHARD H. WRIGHT, M. D. 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge of Training and Research 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge of Fire Prevention Division, 

Deputy Fire Chief in Charge of Planning and Logistics 

Superintendent of Maintenance Division, WALTER J. 

Superintendent of Fire Alarm Division, JOHN M. 

Chaplains, REV. MSGR. JAMES J. KEATING, Catholic 
REV. JOHN E. BARCLAY, Protestant 

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Permanent employees 


Total Personal Services 



Light, heat, and power 

Repairs and maintenance of buildings and 


Repairs and servicing of equipment 

Transportation of persons 

Miscellaneous contractual services 

Total Contractual Services 


Automotive supplies and materials 

Heating supplies and materials 

Household supplies and materials 

Medical, dental, and hospital supplies 

and materials . . . . 

Office supplies and materials 

Miscellaneous supplies and materials . . . . 
Total Supplies and Materials 


Other current charges and obligations . . . 
Total Current Charges and Obligations 


Automotive equipment 

Office furniture and equipment 

Miscellaneous equipment 

Total Equipment 

Grand Total 



1974-1975 1975-1976 

$28,989,740.00 $36,063,842.00 

1, 589, 562. 00 1, 516,252. 00 

$30,579,302.00 $37,580,094.00 

93,186.62 102,601.00 

288,121.17 322,884.00 

245,300.00 154,959.00 

270,200.28 276,250.00 

2,000.00 2,155.00 

53, 087. 00 29, 257.00 

951,895.07 $ 888,106.00 

386,900.00 355,820.00 

187,454.98 164,395.00 

14,720.00 23,584.00 

1,620.00 716.00 

29,103.00 25,883.00 

482,220. 00 750,858. 00 

1, 102,017.98 $ 1, 321,256.00 

270, 790.00 235, 100.00 

270,790.00 $ 235,100.00 

104,000.00 84,614.00 

4,235.00 5,089.00 

77,000. 00 595, 528.00 

185,235.00 $ 685,231.00 

$33,089,240.05 $40,709,787.00 



1874-1876 Alfred P. Rockwell 

1877-1879 David Chamberlain 

1879-1883 John E. Fitzgerald 

1883-1885 Henry W. Longley 

1885-1886 John E. Fitzgerald 

1886-1895 Robert G. Fitch 

1895-1905 HenryS. Russell 

1905 Patrick J. Kennedy (Acting Feb. 17-March 20) 

1905-1908 Benjamin W. Wells 

1908-1910 Samuel D. Parker 

1910 Francis M. Carroll (Acting May 27-Sept. 16) 

1910-1912 Charles C. Daly 

1912-1914 Charles H. Cole 

1914-1919 John Grady 

1919-1921 John R. Murphy 

1921-1922 Joseph P. Manning (Acting Nov. 8-April 1) 

1922 William J. Casey (Acting April 1-August 24) 

1922-1925 Theodore A. Glynn 

1926 Thomas F. Sullivan (Acting Jan. 26-July 6) 

1926-1930 Eugene C. Hultman 

1930-1933 Edward F. McLaughlin 

1933-1934 Eugene M. McSweeney (Oct. 16- Jan. 5) 

1934-1938 Edward F. McLaughlin 

1938-1945 William Arthur Re illy 

1945-1946 John I. Fitzgerald (June 7, 1945-Jan. 7, 1946) 

1946-1950 Russell S. Codman, Jr. 

1950-1953 Michael T. Kelleher 

1953-1954 John F. Cotter 

1954-1959 Francis X. Cotter 

1959 Timothy J. O'Connor (March 2-Dec. 31) 

1960-1961 Henry A. Scagnoli 

1961-1966 Thomas J. Griffin 

1966 Henry A. Scagnoli (Acting July 1 -August 17) 

1966-1968 William J. Fitzgerald 

1968-1975 James H. Kelly 

1975 George H. Paul (From July 11) 

-'Previous to 1874, the Boston Fire Department was in 
charge of the Chief Engineer. 



1826-1828 Samuel D. Harris 

1829-1835 Thomas C. Amory 

1836-1853 William Barnicoat 

1854-1855 Elisha Smith, Jr. 

1856-1865 George W. Bird 

1866-1874 JohnS. Damrell 

1874-1884 William A. Green 

1884-1901 Louis P. Webber 

1901-1906 William T. Cheswell 

1906-1914 John A. Mullin 

1914 John Grady (1 day) 

1914-1919 Peter F. McDonough 

1919-1922 Peter E. Walsh 

1922-1924 John O. Taber 

1925-1930 Daniel F. Sennott 

1930-1936 Henry A. Fox 

1936-1946 Samuel J. Pope 

1946-1948 Napeen Boutlier 

1948-1950 John F. McDonough 

1950-1956 John V. Stapleton 

1956 Edward N. Montgomery 

1956-1960 Leo C. Driscoll 

1960-1963 John A. Martin 

1963-1966 William A. Terrenzi 

1966-1967 James J. Flanagan 

1967-1969 John E. Clougherty 

1969-1970 Joseph F. Kilduff 

1970 George H. Paul 
(From April 1, 1970) 




"John E. Fitzgerald Medal" 

Awarded to Fire Fighter ALLAN B. LLEWELLYN of 
Ladder Company 15 

"Walter Scott Medal for Valor" 

Awarded to Fire Lieutenant DANIEL J. HURLEY of 
Engine Company 37 

ROLL OF MERIT -- 1975 

Fire Fighter ROBERT M. GREENE of Ladder 
Company 23 

Fire Fighter WALTER T. MCGINN of Aerial 
Tower 2 

Fire Fighter CHARLES A. SEABOYER of Engine 
Company 18 

Fire Fighter ROBERT P. POST of Ladder 
Company 13 

"Distinguished Service Award" 

Awarded to District Fire Chief (Drillmaster) PAUL W. 
BUCHANAN of Training and Research Division 

Awarded to Fire Fighter ROBERT R. CUNIO of 
Ladder Company 20 

fire; department 

"Distinguished Service Award" 

Awarded to Fire Fighter DAVID A. CUNIO of 
Engine Company 25 

Awarded to Fire Fighter RICHARD L. STEDMAN of 
Engine Company 43 

Awarded to Fire Fighter KENNETH J. ROGERS of 
Engine Company 24 

Awarded to Fire Fighter THOMAS W. UNIACKE of 
Ladder Company 23 

Awarded to Fire Fighter PAUL J. MINTON of 
Ladder Company 17 

Awarded to Fire Fighter JOHN D. EGGLETON of 
Engine Company 16 

Awarded to Provisional Fire Fighter JOHN R. OLIVER of 
Engine Company 33 




July 25 


Fire Fighter, Engine Company 40 

August 3 


Fire Fighter, Headquarters Division 

September 13 


Head Clerk, Headquarters Division 

November 2 


Fire Apparatus Repairman, Maintenance Division 

November 28 


Fire Fighter, Engine Company 4 


February 20 


District Fire Chief (Drillmaster) 

Training and Research Division 

April 12 


Fire Fighter, Ladder Company 21 

May 5 
Maintenance Mechanic (Carpenter), Maintenance Division 

June 21 


Fire Fighter, Ladder Company 2 



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The Civil Defense section of the Boston Fire Depart- 
ment, in addition to its normal duties, has been given the 
responsibility of maintaining and supervising the Emer- 
gency Medical Assistance Program. 

The following is a synopsis of the training accomplish- 
ments of the Emergency Medical Assistance Program for 
the fiscal period 1975-1976: 

Greater emphasis was placed on the training and equip- 
ping of the Fire Fighting Force with regard to the provision 
of Emergency Medical Assistance (EMT), in order that the 
department may, in the most effective manner, meet its 
commitment as a provider of this essential service. The 
Boston Fire Department does not have the responsibility 
for the ambulance transportation in the City of Boston. 
However, with our thirty-nine fire stations all strategically 
located within a short distance from any location in the city, 
we are clearly in a position to provide fast response to 
calls for emergency medical assistance and therefore are 
nearly always at the scene of any emergency first and con- 
sequently in a position to render emergency care. 

In addition to over 300 Registered Emergency Medical 
Technicians, the department has improved its training 
posture in the assured availability of the Department of 
Transportation - 81 hour R. E. M. T. Course through the 
designation of two certified R. E. M. T. Instructor Coordi* 
nators to work full time in the program. 

The higher level of training on the part of the members 
of the Boston Fire Department has resulted in the necessity 
for upgrading and expansion of the medical equipment and 
materials on the fire companies. Large trauma boxes 
filled with every conceivable type of emergency medical 
material and equipment were provided to certain fir'e 
companies. Since it would be unrealistic to attempt to 
train all 1700 Fire Fighters in an 81-hour in-hospital 
Emergency Medical Technician Course, an additional and 
parallel approach to emergency care training was initiated 
by this department. This training consists of a 26 hour 
in-service course which is to be given to the entire depart- 
ment. This level of training is referred to as "The First 
Responder Course", and is also taught by our two Instruc- 
tor Coordinators. The basic scope of this First Responder 




Course consists of instructional and practical training in 
cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and all of the associated 
elements of emergency care training, such as, airway 
maintenance, breathing difficulties, control of bleeding, 
fractures, poisoning, drugs, burns, proper stabilization 
of the injured, extrication techniques, etc. Current 
progress in this program has resulted in 600 Fire Fighters 
being trained and certified as First Responders. 

This is an on- going program that will* result in all 
members of the department being trained and certified 
within the next sixteen months, as required under General 
Laws, Section 1 of Chapter 111. At this time retraining 
will continue so as to maintain a hold on this valuable emer- 
gency care resource. This in-service First Responder 
Course allows also for the recertification of those regis- 
tered emergency medical technicians within the firefighting 
ranks as they automatically are included in the program 
along with their fellow Fire Fighters. 




The primary function of the Training and Research Divi- 
sion, of which Deputy Fire Chief John R. Harrison is the 
Deputy Fire Chief in Charge, is two-fold: 

1. To initiate and supervise the job development of the 
fire fighter, commencing with the probationary period and 
continuing throughout his career. This, of course, entails 
the keeping of comprehensive records regarding the actual 
training of the various groups involved. 

2. To become involved in research programs designed to 
improve fire fighting techniques, fire fighting apparatus 
and equipment, and protection of fire fighters; to prepare 
specifications for new fire apparatus; to test and evaluate 
newly acquired fire apparatus; to test and evaluate new 
tools and appliances before recommending their use in the 

Secondary functions of this division are enumerated in 
the summary which follows: 

To properly fulfill its mission, this division must be 
constantly aware of advances made in engineering, science, 
and industry as they affect the techniques of fire fighting, 
fire protection, and fire extinguishment. This requires a 
program comprehensive enough to cover all phases of 
modern day fire fighting and the imparting of acquired in- 
formation to and the training of approximately two thousand 

The number of business and industrial employees train- 
ed by this division in fire protection and extinguishment 
has increased considerably over the past few years. 

In a department such as ours, close cooperation among 
the various divisions is essential in order for us to fulfill 
our obligations to the city. This division acknowledges 
and appreciates the assistance and cooperation of the Fire 
Prevention, Headquarters, Fire Fighting, Community Re- 
lations, Fire Alarm, Maintenance, Planning and Logistics, 
and Civil Defense Divisions in helping us meet our obliga- 

The following summary covers in general the activities 
of this division during the past fiscal year: 


Available Facilities 

1. Training and Research Division Office, 

Headquarters Building 

2. Fire Fighting Equipment Stockroom and Repair 

Facility, Headquarters Building 

3. Memorial Hall, Headquarters Building 

4. Pump Test Pit, Maintenance Division Yard 

5. John A. Martin Fire Academy, Moon Island 

6. Compressed Air Tank and Fire Extinguisher 

Recharging Station, Moon Island 

7. Compressed Air Cylinder Recharging Station 

(5000 lb. capacity), Headquarters Building 

8. Drill Tower, Engine 2, South Boston 

9. Drill Tower, Engine 29, Brighton 

Department Drilling and Training Program 

This division develops, formulates, and conducts drill- 
ing and training procedures covering the wide range of 
subjects, both basic and newly developed, that must be 
taught and reviewed to insure efficient operation at fires 
and other incidents requiring the response of the Fire De- 
partment. It is absolutely essential that personnel of our 
department be trained and continuously reviewed on the 
necessary tasks facing them in the fire service. A manual 
of standard operating procedures, previously established, 
covering the various activities of this department for the 
guidance of personnel and for uniform operations of the 
department was used in our training programs. These 
procedures are revised as required. Forty-four engine, 
twenty-eight ladder, two rescue, two aerial tower, two 
fireboat, and two light plant companies (making a total of 
eighty fire companies) were instructed during the past 
period covered in this report. 

1. Equipment Familiarization 

2. Apparatus Familiarization 

3. First Aid 

4. Provisional Appointees 

a. Drill School 

b. Physical Fitness Standards 

c. On- The- Job Training Program 

5. Officer Training Courses 

6. Safety Driving Program 



7. Exhibition Drill Team 

8. High Rise Buildings 

9. Buildings Under Construction 

10. Boston Gas Company 

11. Fire Science Courses 

12. State College Cooperative Plan 

13. Emergency Medical Technician Training 

Training Available to Outside Groups 

Minority Recruitment Program 

In conjunction with the Community Relations Office of 
this department, and with the cooperation of the Mass- 
achusetts Department of Education (State Fire Fighting 
Academy), the Division of Civil Service, the Boston 
Public Schools, the news media, and various community 
organizations, the program was continued to recruit 
minorities and others interested in becoming fire 
fighters and to prepare them for the fire fighter entrance 
examination. Volunteers from this department reported 
daily and evenings to this division and to their assigned 
locations to assist in the various aspects of this pro- 
gram. Classes were continued during this period and 
terminated in time for applicants to take the examination 
which was held on July 10, 11 and 12, 1975, both in 
English and Spanish. Over 30, 000 participated in the 

Basic Fire Fighting 

This department conducted courses of instruction in the 
fundamentals of fire fighting and fire safety for groups 
in the city and within the surrounding areas. The facili- 
ties of the fire academy, as well as the classrooms, 
are used. These groups included other fire departments, 
insurance companies, security agencies, police depart- 
ments, municipal organizations, hospitals, etc. In 
addition, members from the various surrounding fire de- 
partments have attended our fire college and probation- 
er's drill school. 


Inspections and Tests 




Annual surveys, inspections, and tests are carried out 
throughout the department to determine the condition of 
the various tools and appliances used in the fire service. 
It is of extreme importance that periodic tests and 
checks of equipment be carried out to also insure the 
safety of personnel who may be called upon to use this 

Servicing and Repair Programs 

In order to properly maintain and guarantee safe and 
continuous operation of fire fighting equipment, tools, 
and appliances, a year round servicing and repair pro- 
gram is conducted by this division at our repair facili- 
ties at Headquarters and at the Fire Academy. These 
facilities avoid delay and reduce the cost to the city of 
servicing and repairing this equipment. 

Inventory - Fire Fighting Equipment 

In order to carry on our servicing and repair programs 
and to insure the efficient operation of companies at 
fires, it is necessary for this division to maintain an 
inventory of fire fighting tools, equipment, and parts 
for same. This requires extensive record keeping and 
and constant review. 

Because of the energy crisis requirements, this divi- 
sion maintains records of all its issues and consumption 
of gasoline, oil and dies el fuel. 

Grid Maps 

A program of determining response routes, classifying 
streets for still alarm locations, hydrant locations, 
water main size, etc. on grid maps of the city was 



A very important function of this division is to conduct 
tests and experiments and thoroughly evaluate the merits 
of new equipment, materials, and appliances developed for 
the fire service. We are always alert to take advantage of 
progress made by manufacturers when the purchase of 




equipment becomes necessary, and manufacturers are en- 
couraged to submit samples of their products for test and 
evaluation. These responsibilities will be increased as 
the requirements for occupational safety under OSHA and 
NIOSH are put into effect. 

This division acknowledges the assistance and coopera- 
tion of the late District Fire Chief Paul W. Buchanan for 
his work in the research programs conducted by this divi- 
sion; Deputy Fire Chief Leo D. Stapleton for his time and 
effort in the field of respiratory protection and who, in 
his capacity on the NASA Advisory Committee on Breathing 
Equipment, attends meetings from time to time in various 
locations in the country; and Dr. Edward V. Clougherty, 
Department Chemist, who has provided technical service 
to this division in such areas as the development of speci- 
fications for protective clothing and equipment (coats, 
gloves, work clothing, helmets and boots), material ad- 
visory services, and testing and evaluation of same. 

In cases where funds are available, the City of Boston 
is compensated for research work performed by this de- 
partment in cooperation with private industry. 

Following are some of the research programs conducted 
by this division: 

Protective Breathing Equipment 

The research program on protective breathing equip- 
ment was continued in cooperation with Professor 
Burgess of the Harvard School of Public Health. 

Fieldtesting of various gas masks, experimental and 
otherwise, was continued. 

The two projects utilizing air sampling devices and 
particular sampling devices to measure carbon mono- 
xide and oxygen exposures of fire fighters at actual 
fires were continued. 

Special Order No. 9 was issued to the department on 
February 4, 1976 regarding the formation of a joint, 
nationwide committee by the National Fire Prevention 
and Control Administration (NFPCA) and the National 




Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to study- 
equipment used by fire fighters and to make recommen- 
dations. Members of the department were encouraged 
to make suggestions for improving our protective equip- 
ment and clothing, including breathing equipment. 
Deputy Chief Staple ton and Dr. Clougherty, Department 
Chemist, of this department have been appointed to this 

Scott Aviation, manufacturer of Scott Air- Pak, has re- 
ceived government approval of a new type air mask. 
Fifty of these were purchased and will be placed in ser- 
vice judiciously throughout the department for evaluation 
on their arrival. 

Protective Clothing and Equipment 
NASA Clothing and Equipment 

Fieldte sting and evaluation of protective clothing and 
equipment received from NASA in 1973 was continued. 

Work Clothes and Uniforms 

Fieldtesting and evaluation program was continued in 
an effort to obtain safer, suitable, non-hazardous, and 
flame retardant materials and products for fire fighters. 
Among the materials evaluated were Nomex, Dynel, and 
permapress. DuPont Company, J. P. Stevens Company 
and Monsanto Chemical Company have been very coope- 
rative in this regard. 

Fire Coats 

Various types of fire coats (including Vinyl and Nomex) 
continued to be fieldtested and evaluated in the depart- 
ment. New specifications were formulated by this divi- 
sion in an ever continuing effort to design and produce 
a coat suitable for fire fighting purposes which would 
be an improvement over the present type. Cooperation 
has been received from the Alb Rubber Company, the 
Globe Manufacturing Company, DuPont Company, the 
Bureau of Standards and NASA. In addition, the ex- 
perience and knowledge of this department has been 
provided to assist other fire departments in this field. 




Fire Helmets 

Fieldtesting was continued and will continue to be con- 
ducted on various models and various types of materials. 
Plastic fire helmets from MSA and Cairns Company 
are presently being fieldtested in various fire companies 
in the department. Non-metallic and other new designs 
are being examined. 

Fire Fighters' Work Gloves 

Fieldtesting of work gloves is being continued not only 
on original issue but also on a new type glove incor- 
porating non-skid surface material for better handling 
of tools, etc. 

Fire Boots 

Fieldtesting and evaluation on various types of boots 
and related equipment was continued. 

Miscellaneous Fire Fighting Equipment 

Testing and evaluation were continued on various tools 
and equipment, including nozzles, hose, fire extin- 
guishing compounds, rescue and forcibly entry tools, 

Plexi- Glass 

A problem plaguing fire departments since the incor- 
porating of plexi-glass for windows has been solved 
with the 'expert knowledge and help of the Moore Saw 
Company. The radical concept is the use of a zero 
degree or negative angle to the cutting tooth of the 
saw blade, thereby enabling a plunge cut. This pre- 
vents the skipping of the saw blade over the surface of 
the plexi-glass on lexan windows. 

Fibre Glass Handles 

Fibre glass handles for axes are being utilized. Their 
success has prompted experimentation with such 
handles for rakes. 




Specifications - New Apparatus and Equipment 

Specifications for fire fighters' masks, fire coats, work 
clothes and work gloves were covered elsewhere in this 

Consideration was also given to new types of fire equip- 
ment utilized by other cities or communities throughout 
the country, and careful study and tests were made 
where possible to obtain first hand knowledge of such 

Five new Ward LaFrance 1500 G.P.M. single stage 
pumpers were received and placed in service at 
Engine Company 16, 18, 24, 43 and 53. 

The Training and Research Division of this department 
compares favorably with the outstanding training setups 
throughout the country. We have every reason to believe 
that this Fire Department will continue to be trained and 
maintained at its present high caliber and that progress 
through teaching and training will be the forerunner of 
greater efficiency. 





From July 1, 1975 through June 30, 1976, receipts from 
licenses issued totaled $82, 965. 


Permit revenue from July 1, 1975 through June 30, 1976 
amounted to $109, 957. 78, including miscellaneous permits. 
Total revenue from all sources was $192, 922. 78. 

Plans Examiner 

During the past twelve months, the Plans Examiner has 
examined and approved 410 sets of plans. He is also re- 
quired to convey by telephone, information relative to 
applicable codes for specific occupancies. Review of 
plans are made for autonomous authorities, preliminary 
discussions are made relative to proposed structures 
with regards to requirements, and appearances are made 
at both state and local public hearings to voice opinions of 
the fire department. Asa result of a complaint or request, 
on-site inspections are made of various projects, parti- 
cularly in the area of self-service gasoline stations prior 
to their opening, to assure compliance with the fire preven- 
tion regulations of the state and the fire prevention orders 
of this department. Research work on existing and pro- 
posed code changes or additions are also part of the Plans 
Examiner's function. From time to time he is called on 
to read and comment on various items of interest to this 
department such as other city code requirements and pro- 
posed changes to accepted fire protection reference stan- 
dards. In addition, clerical work is necessary to maintain 
microfilm files on projects approved by this department. 

Chemist's Activity 

During the past twelve months, approximately 2000 
samples of various materials were submitted for testing 
and/or evaluation of manufacturer's test data. Among 
other things, these samples included vinyl and cloth up- 
holstery, synthetic drapery materials, inherently flame- 
proofed synthetic and treated natural fabrics, wall cover- 
ings, floor coverings, ceiling tiles, foamed cellular plas- 
tics and miscellaneous decorations. Approximately one 




hundred of the samples submitted were rejected for not 
meeting the strict requirements of the Boston Fire Preven- 
tion Code. 

In addition to responsibilities to the Fire Prevention Divi- 
sion, the Department Chemist continued to provide techni- 
cal support to the Training and Research Division. The 
responsibilities for the Training and Research Division in- 
clude the development of specifications for protective cloth- 
ing and equipment, including fire fighter turnout coats, 
helmets, gloves, boots and work uniforms. Operational 
features of polycarbonate helmets currently in service are 
being examined. New standards for fire fighter helmets 
are being evaluated. Specifications are being developed 
for safety shoes for fire fighters to use in place of protec- 
tive boots. 

Professional activities included participation in the follow- 
ing: National Fire Protection Association; Sectional Com- 
mittee on Protective Clothing and Equipment; American 
Society of Testing and Materials; Chairman, Committee on 
Fire Hazard Standards; Massachusetts Fire Prevention 
Association and Consumer Product Safety Commission; 
Member, National Advisory Committee for the Flammable 
Fabrics Act. 

Inspection Squad 

The Inspection Squad of this division is charged with the 
responsibility of investigating the cause and circumstances 
of every fire and explosion occurring within the city limits. 
These results of the investigation are to help determine 
whether such fire was caused by carelessness, design or 
is a violation of the law. These investigations are carried 
on for the use of the Boston Fire Department in removing 
causes of fires and explosions, apprehending of culprits 
responsible for fires and turning over of all facts and evi- 
dence in the course of their duties to the Office of the 
State Fire Marshal. Many hours are spent on these inves- 
tigations. Undetermined, suspicious and incendiary fires 
totaled 953. Injuries reported and investigated totaled 
141 with deaths attributed to fires totaling 44. Eighty- six 
arrests were made during the past twelve months and 226 
Municipal and District Court appearances. Eighty- eight 
appearances were made before the Superior Court. As a 




result of these appearances and arrests, we were able to 
get forty-five convictions. This work by the Inspection 
Squad in obtaining these convictions deserves a "well done" 
because in arson investigation and detection, they have 
succeeded in obtaining these convictions in one of the most 
difficult crimes there is to prosecute. 

Inspection Forces 

The Inspection Forces of this division have established a 
program of inspection designed so that the occupants of the 
premises to be inspected can make no advance preparations 
to circumvent the honest viewing of any location. The 
total number of inspections made by the Inspection Force 
totaled 20, 892. Places of assembly were also inspected 
by this force for a total of 2, 794. Additional inspections 
were made by the officers in the sub-districts where the 
places of assembly are located. In locations requiring a 
specialized knowledge, the Inspectors of this division 
specially trained in that field were assigned to make these 
inspections to ascertain that no fire hazard existed or con- 
tinued due to a lack of knowledge. All matters concerning 
other city departments "were reported by the Inspectors of 
this division on the necessary forms to the department 
charged with this responsibility. 

In-Service Inspections 

This department continued with its routine in-service 
inspections by company units of the department. Informa- 
tion and inspections recorded are appraised in this division 
and in those instances where further action is required, 
the inspection report is brought to the attention of Fire 
Prevention Inspectors for closer study of the problem. 
Findings are made known to the District Fire Chief and 
the fire company involved with recommendations and cor- 
rective action necessary. These inspections are in excess 
of 7, 000 in the course of a year. 


Every school in the city is inspected with frequency and 
regularity by a company officer within whose sub-district 
the school building is located and fire exit drills are held. 
The Fire Prevention Division maintained a program 




called the "Boston Junior Fireman" based on the Fire 
Marshal Plan which claimed national recognition since its 
inception in Boston in 1948. This plan, supported by the 
Sears Roebuck and Company, is aimed at the sixth grade 
pupil of public, parochial and private schools for fire pre- 
vention education. The approximate number of pupils 
lectured on fire prevention during the school year was 
19, 005. 

Photographic Activity 

This unit responds to all multiple alarms, accidents in- 
volving fire department vehicles or property, special 
calls for specific photographic records, fire prevention 
code violations and fire hazard conditions for correction 
or prosecution, provides I. D. card photographs, data 
assembly and lamination of I. D. cards for issuance to all 
members appointed or promoted. A total of 10,440 prints 
were made in the course of the past twelve months. 


The Night Division of Inspection concentrated its efforts 
in the area of high populations wherein our citizenry may 
be assembled for shopping, amusement or entertainment 
with particular emphasis in regard to "rock show" per- 
formances in the City of Boston. A new night inspection 
team has been put into service under the direction of a 
Fire Captain. These night teams consist of all Fire Pre- 
vention day Inspectors who work in alternate night shifts. 
The main purpose of these teams is to inspect all places 
of assembly within the City of Boston. 

Personnel has been assigned to new construction sites for 
the purpose of ensuring the available water supplies and 
the fire protection equipment, as well as seeing that good 
housekeeping, is being maintained at these sites. 

The vacant building program of inspections is still being 
maintained at a high level. Approximately 1000 vacant 
buildings have been inspected at least once. This allows 
the Fire Prevention Division to keep a very close watch 
on demolitions and removal of all debris from their loca- 
tions, thereby allowing for both the prevention of blight 
in the neighborhood and increasing the fire safety of the 





The Fire Prevention Division also keeps a close watch and 
supervision on all temporary closing of gasoline stations. 
This is in addition to the installations of Phase I and Phase 
II vapor recovery systems. 

Inspections were also conducted during the 1975-1976 year 
of all safety devices in relation to gasoline tank trucks and 
approximately 400 safety decals were affixed thereto. 

Inspections of approximately 225 lodging houses were 
made with regard to life safety before their annual licenses 
could be issued. 

Nursing Home Seminar 

Seminars were conducted which were a huge success. At 
these meetings, approximately 80% of the nursing homes 
in the City of Boston were represented. Various demon- 
strations were held to acquaint nursing home personnel 
with proper procedures in the event of fire. Pamphlets 
were distributed in both Spanish and English in relation to 
life safety in the nursing home in addition to two films re- 
lating to same. 

Massachusetts Fire Prevention Association Seminar 

This seminar was held at Florian Hall with Chief Officers 
from various parts of the Commonwealth in attendance. At 
this meeting a demonstration of gasoline tank trucks bottom 
loading was shown to the Chiefs. This meeting also proved 
very successful. 

Target Hazards 

In keeping with this program, the Fire Prevention Division 
is continuing on the inspections of large industrial com- 
plexes and warehouse areas, along with the hospitals and 
school inspections. These inspections are made by offi- 
cers of the Fire Prevention Division who are accompanied 
by the District Chief of the fire district concerned and the 
company officer in whose sub-district the bccupancy may 
be located. Some of the inspections made were follow-ups 
of last year and some are new ones that have been added. 




In the school inspections, a Lieutenant has been assigned 
with an Inspector from the Department of Public Safety to 
perform in-depth inspections of all public, parochial and 
private schools located within the confines of the City of 
Boston. These inspections are in addition to the regularly 
scheduled quarterly inspections required by law and per- 
formed by this division in conjunction with fire fighting 
officers from the fire districts concerned. The Lieutenant 
worked with the city officials of the School Department and 
the District Chiefs in the school desegregation program. 

Large Loss Fires 

During the past twelve months, the City of Boston experi- 
enced many spectacular fires involving various types of 
occupancies and particularly one large fire which attracted 
the attention of the country. That fire occurred in the 
Jamaica Plain section of the city and burned a very old 
landmark, namely, the Plant Shoe Manufacturing Company. 

Other tragic fires occurred in the Brighton section of the 
city in which six children perished. 

Another spectacular fire resulted in the loss of life of one 
civilian due to the collapse of a fire escape. As a result 
of this collapse, all fire escapes within the City of Boston 
were inspected within a ten day period. Many defects or 
malfunctions that were found were reported to the proper 
authorities or parties concerned. 

During the past twelve months, large loss fires encompass- 
ed all sections of the city that taxed the capabilities of the 
Boston Fire Department. In view of these large loss fires 
both in material things and human life, the Fire Prevention 
Division has "beefed-up" their inspection program and 
their community relations and educational program partly 
aimed at the minority groups located within our city and 
also those who do not speak our tongue. These educational 
programs and community relation programs have been 
aimed at the Spanish, Italian and Chinese speaking people 
and the black communities. This is being brought about 
by presentations and civic meetings of neighborhood com- 
mittees and through educational programs in the schools. 

The Fire Prevention Code has been rewritten and is now 




being reviewed by the Law Department in preparation for 
the City Council. 

At the present time the new Housing Court, under the direc- 
tion of Judge Garrity, has been extremely helpful and we 
have had a very fruitful year. 

Fire Prevention Activity 

The Fire Prevention Division again this year continued its 
efforts with an around-the-clock program of fire preven- 
tion 365 days. Financial assistance is obtained through 
funds donated by the Fire Prevention Council which is a 
citizen sustained group that aids in the purchase of educa- 
tional material in our fire prevention program. This in- 
cludes various news media, prizes, pamphlets and posters. 
Their assistance in our effort is extremely valuable. 


The Fire Prevention Division maintains a constant in- 
service training of all members assigned to this division. 
A weekly seminar is held for all members assigned to this 
division to keep them abreast of current changes in inspec- 
tion techniques, changes in rules and regulations and any 
changes in statute law. This includes the explanation, use 
and implementation of the new State Building Code with re- 
gards to changes as it affects the department. These 
seminars also are extended to members of the fire fighting 
force by holding instructional periods on the Fire Preven- 
tion Code with its enforcement and also instructional 
courses for officers of the department relative to their 
responsibilities in inspections and corrections and the 
issuance of all necessary notices ordering the correction 
or the appearance of delinquents into the various district 

A cooperating in-service training program is also held 
with the other various departments of city government in- 
volved in code enforcement, i. e. , Building Department, 
Housing Inspection Service and Health and Sanitation. 
Members selected to be Fire Inspectors assigned to the 
Fire Prevention Division start with a basic knowledge of 
fire fighting because of their service in the various fire 
companies. These men usually have a background know- 




ledge of building construction, electricity, plumbing and 
a knowledge of the various occupancies and their related 
fire hazards. As this division deals constantly with the 
public, these men must be able to portray a good example 
of the fire service to the citizenry of Boston. They must 
acquire a knack of explaining to the public how they should 
safely live, work and play to prevent fire from taking their 
lives, cause painful injuries and destroy property. In 
order to get this message across to the general public, a 
man must be adept in public relations so that the message 
we have to give is received in a proper manner. 

It must always be kept in mind that fire prevention is an 
intangible. Therefore, it is never known how many lives 
are saved or how much property is protected from destruc- 
tion by the inspections made and the corrections obtained 
during these inspections by members of this division. The 
work of the Arson Squad in the investigation of these 
serious fires and other fires occurring within the city 
which were incendiary, suspicious or undetermined and 
those fires which were a violation of law, resulted in the 
apprehension and convictions of forty-five persons. This 
work by the Arson Squad will prove to be a deterrent to 
others who for any reason hope to avoid punishment for 
the crime of arson or the violation of lav/ which jeopardizes 
public safety in this city. 

The constant supervision by the Night Club Inspectors and 
Theatre Inspectors results in the continuing correction of 
any violations or deficiencies or overcrowding in places of 
assembly. The thoroughness with which the Fire Preven- 
tion Inspectors follow through on the flameproofing of 
decorative materials used in the various occupancies with- 
in the city, i. e. , places of assembly, institutions, theatres, 
etc. , maintains a high level of safety to life from fire in 
these occupancies. Therefore, it is with great pride that 
I point out that the work performed by the members of this 
department and particularly the Inspectors assigned to the 
Fire Preventi6n Division, through their efforts have made 
the City of Boston a safer place in which to work, live and 




The activities of the Planning and Logistics Division have 
continued to be dedicated to those areas that are essential 
to the efficient operation of the department during times of 
emergencies. The division has kept up interest in explor- 
ing new ideas and instituting new programs that acquaint 
the members of the department with unusual features of 
the city. 

The in-service hydrant inspection program was reevaluated 
during the past year. It is felt that a better system of 
hydrant inspections can be done in the latter part of Septem- 
ber and into October. Therefore, the hydrant program 
this year will come after the pre-planning and inspection 
programs and it is our hope that we can alleviate some of 
the problems with frozen hydrants. 

This division attends numerous meetings with city, state 
and federal agencies throughout the year. A few of these 
include the following: 

Environmental Agency - relative to handling of oil spills 
that could pollute water supplies. 

M. B. T. A. - so as to continue our fire safety programs 
and the development of instructional programs on M. B. T. 
A. property relative to safe operations, knowledge of the 
third rail, understanding of new markings at street levels 
relative to emergency exits and standpipe locations. 

"With the extension of the standpipe between stations in the 
subway, it has become necessary for additional drills in 
the early morning hours when trains are not in service. 
These drills concentrated on the development of the best 
way to use the standpipe in those areas where there are 
unusual long runs as under the harbor and Fort Point 
Channel. In these areas the standpipe is in the vicinity of 
one mile in length and it can be a problem in filling the 
line unless personnel becomes familiar with the best 
means of utilizing it. 

Members of the department are being trained in the need 
of taking advantage of fire safety features in the subway 
during emergencies. It is impossible to use them effi- 
ciently if drills are not scheduled. These programs have 
been accepted by the department as worthwhile. 




During the past year new improvements have developed in 
the subway that can benefit our operations. An outstanding 
improvement is the improvements in radio communication. 
At the present time the department can use its Channel 2 
radios in all portions of the Orange and Blue Lines and 
work on the Green and Red Lines is proceeding with an 
anticipated completion of all lines by 1977. 

Public Works and Traffic Departments 

Numerous meetings relative to problems of the develop- 
ment of new traffic patterns in the city brought about by 
construction sites and neighborhood groups desirous of 
traffic changes, etc., were held. At these meetings we 
attempt to bring out the fire department's point of view. 

Several meetings were held last winter relative to the prob- 
lem of parking during the winter months. 


During this year contact was made with the M. D. C. and a 
program was established to inspect M. D. C. rinks. As a 
result of this program several existing hazards were dis- 
covered, resulting in corrections being made and new 
regulations adopted by the M. D. C. for all of their skating 

Response Cards 

Response assignments are being realigned to provide to 
the greatest extent the response of apparatus, as indicated 
on the assignment card, in an automatic manner. This 
will relieve the necessity for the Fire Alarm Office to 
make numerous phone calls. 

We anticipate in the future that progress will be made in 
our response cards for the development of a nine alarm 
response. The issuance of new assignment cards will 
follow and this is a long overdue improvement in the de- 

Pre- Planning Program 

These programs are continuing and are being expanded to 




include companies from outlying districts. 

The construction of new buildings in the city requires con- 
stant attention from this division. The fire companies are 
kept informed as to the progress being made and the free- 
dom of access for fire fighters to the structure in case of 
fire. The extension of the standpipes as the building pro- 
gresses and the provision of temporary Siamese connec- 
tions for supplying same are important. 

The establishment of contact with the construction superin- 
tendent enables us to bring to his attention any shortcom- 
ings that could hinder fire department operations. 

Relative to the above mentioned subjects, programs are 
developed to acquaint the first alarm companies. 

A program is now in operation that brings outlying com- 
panies into the downtown area for instructions on high-rise 
buildings and the M. B. T. A. The intent is to acquaint these 
companies with essential information relative to their 
operations at emergencies involving these structures. 
Prior to their involvement in these programs, companies 
were required to review the S. O. P. relative to operations 
in high-rise buildings. 

Relative to the M. B. T. A. members are acquainted with 
the new improvements in the fire safety improvements in 
the subway. This includes an explanation of the street 
signs that indicate an emergency exit or a standpipe loca- 
tion. Also, the method of opening the exit from the street 
level, the proper use of the standpipe system and a fami- 
larization for procedures to follow in case of an emergency 
in the subway. In many cases this is the first time these 
members have actually been acquainted with these features 
of the subway system or involved in anything related to 
high-rise buildings. 

For the rest of this year it is hoped to get as many com- 
panies as possible involved in these out-of-district pro- 
grams because it is our intention to acquaint all members 
of the department with all features of our city. 

This division conducts an elevator instruction program 
that is of tremendous value to our department. In many 




cases faulty installations have been found and brought to the 
attention of the proper authorities. In many cases during 
the construction stages, the temporary elevator is the only 
access to the upper floor. Programs are developed to 
bring first alarm companies to the site for instruction on 
their use. 

An understanding of the fire fighters keyed switch is essen- 
tial to the fire department's operations in high-rise build- 
ings. This is especially stressed in our instructions to 
companies relative to operations in buildings equipped with 
this device. 

Programs such as these are very beneficial to the fire de- 




The Maintenance Division is responsible for all testing, re- 
pair, maintenance and preventive maintenance of all fire 
apparatus and automotive equipment, and for repair and 
maintenance of all buildings and grounds. The foregoing 
includes 239 pieces of rolling stock, consisting of 138 
pieces of fire apparatus, 43 trucks of various description, 
58 automobiles, 2 fireboats and 42 buildings. In addition 
to meeting this heavy schedule, the division is also respon- 
sible for the compilation of specifications, procurement of 
new fire apparatus and all other vehicles, purchase and 
upkeep of firefighters' uniforms and fire clothing, supplies 
and materials necessary for efficient operations, and care 
of over 350, 000 feet of fire hose. 

The Maintenance Division consists of the main apparatus 
repair shop, small vehicle shop, machine shop, welding 
and metal shop, carpenter shop, hose and canvas shop, 
paint shop, plumbing shop, battery and ignition rooms, 
and the main stockroom. 

Personnel is comprised of fifty-eight civilian employees, 
proficient in various skills and crafts, twenty fire fighters, 
ten of which are assigned to the Emergency Motor Squad, 
which responded to over 8000 calls of varying emergencies 
throughout the city. 

An extensive program to upgrade the efficiency of the 
various departments within the fire service was initiated 
and carried on during the 1975-1976 period by the division 
as follows: 

Relocating of the Clothing Department to the Training 
Division stockroom. 

Building and setting up a new chemical and testing 
laboratory for the Department Chemist. This was 
accomplished by renovating part of the vacated Fire 
Alarm section on the first floor of the Headquarters 

Installation of an air filtration system for the filling 
of the new type air bottles to be used with the very 
latest type of breathing apparatus. 

Moving of the air bottle delivery truck and related air 
equipment to the Headquarters Building to cut travel 
time and mileage and improve efficiency. 



Relocating of the Medical Examiner from the second 

floor of the Headquarters Building to larger facilities 

on the first floor. 
Relocating of the Planning and Logistics Division to 

larger offices in the vacated Fire Alarm Office in 

the Headquarters Building. 
Relocation of the Public Relations Office to the vacated 

Medical Examiner's waiting room. 
Extensive renovations and complete painting of the 

Headquarters Building. 
Work has been started to construct a new photographic 

studio and work shop in the Headquarters complex. 

The Maintenance Division again took advantage of the 
various government programs including C.E.T.A., in 
which the department utilized men in the most efficient 
manner possible. The division acquired a great deal of 
miscellaneous materials and vehicles through the various 
government surplus programs. 

Purchase orders were issued for the following: 

3 - 100' Seagrave Aerial Ladder Trucks (4 door cab) 

8 - 1976 Ford Sedans - received and put into service 

5 - 1976 Ford Station Wagons - received and put into 

2 - 1976 Chevrolet Van Trucks - received and put into 

1 - 1976 Chevrolet One Ton Air Bottle Delivery Truck 
received and put into service 

1 - Surplus International Van - received and renovated 
for department plumbers 

1 - Surplus International Van - received and renovated 
for Scuba Divers 

5 - 1976 Ward LaFrance 1500 Gallon Pumpers - receiv- 
ed and put into service 

The upgrading of the 1963 Ward LaFrance Pumpers to 
provide better reserve apparatus was started by replacing 
booster tanks, making extensive body repairs and by re- 
powering Engine 49 and 107P spare with 6-71 Detroit 




New Programs 

An emergency program to manufacture and install both 
straight and curved windshields using plexiglass to provide 
protection against missiles being thrown was started. 

Carpenter Shop constructed thirty new reinforced cases to 
carry the new Marion Ventilator Resuscitator now being 
put into service. 

The division took an active part in the Bicentennial Program 
by designing and constructing sixty large signs to com- 
memorate this great occasion. These signs were installed 
on fire apparatus and fire houses. 

Every 1968 "Ward LaFrance Pumper has had a major engine 
tune up including new fuel injectors. 

All Allison H. T. 70 automatic transmissions have had a 
major preventive maintenance check and adjustments to 
assure continued reliability and good performance. 

27, 000 feet of new hose of various sizes was issued, in 
addition to 4200 feet of new special high pressure hose to 
be used on high rise buildings. 53, 800 feet of hose had to 
be repaired and 29, 250 feet of hose was condemned. 

The department is eagerly awaiting the delivery to ten new 
Seagrave 100' tractor drawn aerial ladders with four door 
totally enclosed cabs. These trucks are under construc- 
tion and the department will soon make inspection trips to 
assure these trucks comply with our specifications before 
delivery. The new rescue truck also under construction 
should be ready for inspection in the very near future. 

The Maintenance Division in the past year has made every 
effort to continue the dependable service that the fire ser- 
vice demands and has made extensive efforts to upgrade 
the various programs of preventive maintenance of the 
fire apparatus and the buildings. 




The Boston Fire Department responded to a total of 60,878 
incidents for the period July 1, 1975 through June 30, 1976, 
involving more than 243, 112 separate movements of appa- 
ratus. The Fire Alarm Office received and transmitted 
more than 674, 000 separate radio messages in the dispatch- 
ing of apparatus and for incidental department operations. 
There were 16,261 false incidents, for a total of 26.71% 
false incidents from all sources. 

During this period, there "were 145 second alarms, 37 
third alarms, 4 fourth alarms and 8 fifth alarms. There 
were 212 working fires requiring additional apparatus 
being dispatched to the fire but not considered multiple 

On June 30, 1975 there were a total of 2424 fire alarm 
boxes in service in the City of Boston. There were 17 new 
fire alarm boxes installed and 12 fire alarm boxes discon- 
tinued, for a net increase in boxes of 5. As of June 30, 
1976, there ■were 2429 fire alarm boxes in the City of 

The Fire Alarm Construction Force installed a total of 
35, 557 feet of underground cable for a total of 632, 188 
feet of conductors. A total of 625 feet of overhead wire 
and cable was installed for a total of 1250 feet of conduc- 
tors. A total of 1200 feet of overhead wire and cable were 
removed. Wire and cable removed was defective or 
damaged and in most instances was replaced. 

A new radio console for the Fire Department Channel 2 
(153. 89 mhz) system was installed in the M. B. T. A. sub- 
ways for better communications between our portable 
radios and the Fire Alarm Office. This installation con- 
sists of a seventy watt transmitter in the various stations 
of the subway. It allows us to communicate with the por- 
table radios in the subways by using various transmitters 
in the subways as needed through our console in the Fire 
Alarm Office. At present there are only five transmitting 
and receiving units in service. They are installed in the 
North Station, Essex Station of the Orange Line, Maverick 
Station, Aquarium Station and Bowdoin Station of the Blue 
Line. In the near future there will be five more installa- 
tions on the Green Line and four more on the Red Line. 




Formerly the Office of Community Relations, the Public 
Information Office is a consolidation of the personnel of 
the Public Relations and Community Relations Offices. 

Fundamentally they cover all the same areas and duties as 
were previously their individual responsibilities. 

During the past year this office was deeply involved in the 
minority recuitment program. Participation in this pro- 
gram taxed the resources of the Public Information Office 
as it was still responsible for the performance of its 
normal duties. 

All Public Information Office duties were performed in a 
professional and competent manner. Close liaison was 
maintained with the news media and the public was kept 
informed on all matters in which they were concerned.