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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

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Boston Public Library 



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TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL EEPOET 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



FEBRUARY 1, 1893, TO JANUARY 31, 1894. 




BOSTON : 

ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS. 
1894. 



TWENTY-FIKST ANNUAL EEPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



FEBEUART 1, 1893, TO JANUARY 31, 1894. 




BOSTON : 

ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS. 
1894. 



^ .^^ C^yJ* 






%\Kk 



Wfe. 



Office of the Board of Fire Commissioners, 

Old Court-House, Boston, February 1, 1894. 

Hon. Nathan Matthews, Jr., 

Mayor of the Gily of Boston : 

Sir : The Fire Commissioners herewith respectfully sub- 
mit their twenty-first annual report of the work done by this 
department for the year ending January 31, together with 
certain recommendations looking to the extension and larger 
efficiency of the service. 

Alarms and Losses. 

The department year has been a very busy one. The re- 
sources available for the extinguishment of fires have been 
severely taxed, and the necessity of substantially strength- 
ening them has been emphasized. There have been 1,718 
alarms, an increase of 306 over the year previous, and con- 
siderably more than double the annual average eight and 
nine years ago. This means more than a twofold increase 
in actual fire duty as compared with a few years ago, and a 
corresponding increase in the work of administering the eco- 
nomic and disciplinary affairs of the department. The losses 
on buildings and contents amount to $4,348,902, the lion's 
share of which is due to the conflagration of March 10, on 
Lincoln street and vicinity, whose sudden and sweeping 
character and large proportions are vividly remembered, as 
should also be the lessons and warnings as to building con- 
struction and arrangement that were written in such glowing 
characters by that event. 

Standing of the Department. 

The story of department enlargement is a very short one. 
There is little to add in this respect to what was stated in 
last year's report. The new headquarters are very near 
completion, and will soon be ready for occupancy by the 
Commissioners and Chief at least, and in the course of a few 
months it is hoped to install therein a new fire-alarm plant 
that shall embody the latest and best features in this im- 
portant branch of fire-service. Quite a handsome house at 
Ashmont will soon be ready for apparatus, and help to fill a 
gap in the fire protection of that section that is now alto- 



2 City Document No. 12. 

gether too large. No advance has been made toward the 
location and construction of a horse sanitarium, and the city 
is still paying rent for quarters that are far from satisfactory 
for this particular purpose. An appropriation of $50,000 
has been made for a new fire-boat, and the commissioners 
have set about securing the necessary plans and specifi- 
cations to give this sum practical utility as soon as possible. 
This piece of apparatus will constitute, when completed, a 
very valuable reenforcement. 

There is a great deal that needs to be done at the present 
time for the better protection of the city. The Boston and 
Maine system of railroads has already added sufficient hazard 
in Charlestown to make necessary another engine company 
somewhere in the vicinity of Prison Point, and the risk 
there is constantly increasing. An engine is needed some- 
where near Day street, in Roxbury. At Grove Hall the city 
has for several years owned a site for a ladder and chemical 
engine house, but there is no money to proceed with the 
work. Chemical engines are needed in West Roxbury, Dor- 
chester, and East Boston. A beo-inning has been made tow- 
ard rebuilding the house of Ladder 1, but there is the same 
need for replacing the house of Ladder 13 with a new one. 
The sum of $300,000 could be expended at the present time 
for new houses and apparatus without exceeding in the 
slightest the legitimate needs of the department. 

There are two matters of a very practical nature now be- 
fore the City Council, of which the Board would ask very 
careful consideration. One is a request to petition the Leg- 
islature for authority to cause buildings of a certain class to 
be equipped with metallic ladders and stand-pipes, the same 
as in certain Western cities, where their value has been de- 
monstrated many times over. The other is the proposition 
to run 12- inch pipes into the conflagration district from 
the harbor, for which the fire boat or boats will supply the 
power. The Board has made no suggestions that promise 
more protection for less money than these, and the sooner 
these systems are established the better it will be for all 
most deeply interested. Boston is behind even some of her 
smaller sister cities in these important respects. 

Since the reorganization of the department, twenty years 
ago, there has been no rearrangement of the fire districts 
except in some slight details. The number has not been in- 
creased, and it must be evident to all that with the great 
growth of Boston during that time, the old system has be- 
come unwieldy in some of its parts, and not as convenient 
as it should be in its operations. For instance, District 10 
includes half the territory of the city, and District 8 is not 



Fire Department. 3 

well arranged for the best service of a single chief. This 
matter has been the subject of frequent discussion by the 
Commissioners, and only lack of means has prevented them 
from making the changes which their judgment has so 
strongly urged. 

Apparatus, Equipment, etc. 

The department is not relatively as strong in apparatus as 
it was a year and a half ago. It is sound policy on the part 
of business concerns employing machinery to charge a cer- 
tain considerable percentage each year to depreciation : and, 
certainly, a fire department, which has at times to give its 
machinery exceptionally hard usage, cannot be exempt from 
this rule. No apparatus, in the strict sense of the term, has 
been purchased for about a year and a half ; and, although 
the repair-shop has kept the present supply in good 
working condition, a yearly addition is necessary to prevent 
the department from falling behind. There are needed at 
the present time three new first-size steam-engines, an aerial 
ladder truck, a chemical engine, etc. What could be done 
at comparatively small expense to help the material part of 
the service has been done. More three-horse hitches have 
been put in, and, where practicable, two-horse hitches have 
been placed on the down-town hose wagons, thus enabling 
the companies to carry a larger amount of hose. A water- 
tower attachment has been made to each of the aerial lad- 
ders, and a few coal and hose wagons have been purchased. 
A wrecking wagon has been ordered, which will be a unique 
but valuable feature of the service. 



Constitution of the Force. 

The men employed in various capacities to run the depart- 
ment number a trifle over 800. Of these, about 600 are 
permanent firemen and 120 call men. The complaints that 
come from some sections of weakness in the companies ap- 
pointed to protect their property can never be measurably 
satisfied until we have permanency throughout. The Com- 
missioners dislike to renew their annual protest against a 
continuance of the call system, but they consider it their 
duty to do so, knowing that it is out of place and an element 
of weakness in a large city department. As has been said 
before, the call men are all right, but the call system is all 
wrong, at least for Boston. The drill and engine schools 
have done good work, and a high degree of discipline and 
efficiency prevails throughout the force. 



City Document No. 12. 



Inspection of Wires. 

The work of this bureau is given in detail elsewhere, and 
shows a busy record for the year. Legislation is now in 
process which promises to relieve the city in a few years of 
the incubus of the overhead system of wires ; and, certainly, 
nothing can be done that will be more welcome to this de- 
partment. The wires have been among the most serious ob- 
stacles against which it has had to contend, and, to a greater 
extent than is known, the cause of many of the battles it has 
had to wage. 

Horses. 

The city owns 237 horses, and has in extra service, for 
winter use, 60 more. During the year, 37 new horses were 
purchased, 23 sold or exchanged, 5 died, of which 2 were 
killed. The number of horses receiving treatment was 185, 
resulting in 350 cases, of which 150 were treated at the Horse 
Infirmary, and 15 were horses received for extra service. 
The horses of the department have been, and are, in gen- 
erally excellent condition. During the year a horse-shoeing 
shop has been established at the Infirmary, and considerable 
work has been and is being 1 done there. 



The Department Allies. 

The Board desires to thank the police for their cordial and 
efficient assistance. It has been the policy the past year to 
extend the fire-lines more than formerly, thus making their 
duties somewhat more exacting ; but they have acted well 
up to the measure of their responsibility. The Fire Mar- 
shal's office has made a good record, and proved again its 
value as a cooperative bureau ; and the Protective Depart- 
ment has shown its usual promptness and efficiency. 



The Board of Fire Commissioners 

consists of three members. One member is appointed an- 
nually, for a term of three years from the first Monday in 
May each year. The nomination is made by the Mayor, 
subject to confirmation by the Board of Aldermen. 

Robert G. Fitch, Chairman, for three years from May, 
1892. Term expires May, 1895. 

John R. Murphy, for three years from May, 1891. Term 
expires May, 1894. 



Fire Department. 5 

George H. Innis, for three years from May, 1893. Term 
expires May, 1896. 

Salaries, $3,500 each. 

Benjamin F. Underhill, Jr., Clerk. Appointed by the 
Fire Commissioners. Salary, $2,400. 

Chief of Department. 
Lewis P. Webber, Headquarters, Old Court-House. 



District Chiefs. 



John F. Egan, Headqua 


rters, Engine-house 9 


C. H. W. Pope, 


1 Ladder 9 


Lewis P. Abbott, ' 


' Engine-house 25 


Wm. T. Cheswell, 


4 


John W. Regan, ' 


26 


John A. Muflen, 


1 


Patrick E. Keyes, 


3 


Edward H. Sawyer, ' 


' Hose-house 7 


Williston A. Gay lord, ' 


' H. andL. house 4 


J. Foster Hewins, ' 


' Engine-house 18 



Clerks. 

A. Charles Scott, Wm. E. Delano, Wm. McSvveeney, 
M. J. Lafferty, Geo. F. Murphy. 

D. J. Quinn, Messenger. 



Force and Pay-Roll. 

As established by the Board. 



1 Chief of Department 

1 Assistant Chief and Inspector of 
Hose and Harnesses 

9 District Chiefs .... 

1 Superintendent of Apparatus Re- 
pairs 

1 Clerk 

2 Clerks 
1 Clerk 
1 Clerk 
1 Messenger 



$3,500 per annum. 

2,400 " 

2,000 

2,000 
1,500 
1,000 

800 

600 
1,000 



City Document No. 12. 



1 detailed man as Clerk 


, Apparatus 




Repair-shop .... $750 per annum 


1 Veterinary Surgeon . 






1,800 




50 Captains . 






1,600 




33 Lieutenants 






1,400 




41 Engine-men 






1,300 




286 Permanent Men 






1,200 




53 " " 






1,100 




28 " " 






1,000 




44 Call Men . 






250 




41 " " . 






200 




42 " " 






175 




55 Permanent Substitute 


3 




900 




23 




720 




4 Call Captains . 




325 




1 Hostler 




624 




2 Watchmen 






1,000 





Fire Districts. 

The city is divided into ten fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. — Comprises all that part of Boston known as 
East Boston. 

District 2. — All that part of Boston formerly known as 
Charlestown. 

District 3. — All that part east of a line beginning at the 
Charles-river drawbridge, and running 
through the centre of Charlestown street, 
Haymarket square, and Washington to 
Summer street, and north of Summer street 
and the N.Y. & N.E. R.R. passenger 
depot to the water. 

District 4. — All that part west of District 3, and north of 
a line running through the centre of Winter 
and Park streets, and west of Beacon, to 
Arlington street, west side of Common- 
wealth avenue, to Chester Park, to water. 



District 5. — All that part south of Districts 3 and 4 to the 
centre of Dover-street drawbridge, and a 
line running through the centre of Dover, 
Berkeley, Boylston, east side of Common- 
wealth avenue, to Arlington, to Boylston 
street. 



Fire Department. 7 

District 6. — All that part of Boston known as South 
Boston, and divided from District No. 9 by 
Locust and Dorset streets. , • 



District 7. — All that part of Boston south of District 5, 
through the centre of Dover street, to the 
drawbridge ; thence by water to the centre 
of East Chester park ; thence through the 
centre of Albany and Northampton streets, 
Columbus avenue, West Chester park to 
east side of Commonwealth avenue to 
centre of Berkeley and Dover streets to the 
point of starting. 

District 8. — All that part south and west of District 7 to 
the boundary line of West Roxbury, and 
west of Washington street to the Brookline 
boundary line, and including all of Ward 
25, formerly Brighton. 

District 9. — All that part south of Districts 6 and 7 to 
West Roxbury line, running through the 
centre of Seaver street, Blue Hill avenue, 
Columbia, Geneva avenue, Olney, Bow- 
doin, Hancock, Freeport streets, to corner 
of Dorchester avenue, thence due east to 
the Avater. 

District 10. — All the southerly part of Boston south of 
Districts 8 and 9, including West Roxbury. 



City Document No. 12. 



Assignment of Districts. 

Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 



District. 


Chief in Command. 




1 


John P. Egan . . . 






2 


C H. W. Pope . . 






3 


Lewis P. Abbott . 






4 


Wm. T. Cheswell . 






5 


John W. Regan . . 






6 


John A. Mullen . . 






7 


Patrick E. Keyes . 






8 


Edward H. Sawyer 






9 


Williston A. Gaylord 




10 


J. Foster Hewins . 







Companies in District. 



Engines. 



5, *9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 36 

8, *25, 31 

Tower 1, *4, 6, 10 

7, *26, 35 

*1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

*3,22,23,33,Tower2 

13, 14, 29, 34, 37, 41 

12, 17, 21, 24, 42 

16, *18, 19, 20, 28, 30 



Chemical 
Engines, 



1 

2 

C.W.2,8 



3,6 

5, 10 

C.W.I 



Hook 

and 

Ladder. 



2 

*9 

8,14 

1 

17 

5 

3, 13, 15 

11, 12 

*4, 7 

6, 10, 16 



Hose. 



*7 



* Headquarters of District Chief. 

Water and Hydrants. 

The total number of hydrants in the city February 1 was 
6,373. In addition to these hydrants there are 238 fire reser- 
voirs in different sections of the city that contain from 300 to 
500 hogsheads of water, and can be used in an emergency. 

The number of hydrants established and abandoned during 
the year is as follows : 





Established. 


Abandoned. 






% 

o 


o 


ah 

go 


a 
o 

o 

« 


"a 
o 

H 

42 
12 
40 
70 
71 
20 
1 
4 

260 


u 
o 

1-1 

2 
1 
6 
2 
1 

12 


o 
1 

1 
1 

3 


Ss 
g° 
ra M 

4 
1 
4 
9 
6 
4 

28 


a 
o 

o 

M 

8 
3 
6 
5 
2 

24 


~3 
o 

15 
5 
16 
17 
9 
5 

67 


6 
+i a 

IBS 
a 

M 




20 
4 
2 
3 
4 


20 
6 
32 
61 
54 
14 


2 
2 
2 
6 
13 
4 


4 

1 

5 


27 
7 




24 




53 




62 




15 




1 




4 
39 




29 


4 








187 


193 







Fire Department. 



Total Number of Hydrants in Use January 31, 1894. 





>> 

u 
o 


o 


II 

pq 


a 
o 

m 


B 
O 

O 
ffl 


o 




691 
214 
138 
663 
575 
122 
79 


246 

93 

84 

195 

423 

468 

269 

16 


66 
21 
24 
63 
184 
166 
59 


l 


510 
259 
138 
95 
67 
48 
36 


1,513 

588 






384 




1,016 
1 249 






804 




443 








5 






3 

7 


g 










7 






7 
4 
2 


















4 






2 










1 
38 


1 




205 


58 


33 












2,692 


1,865 


616 


l 


1,202 


6,376 



In all cases the Water Board have cheerfully complied with 
the requests of this Board in the establishment of hydrants, 
whenever necessity required. 

The following property is in charge of the Board of Com- 
missioners of the Fire Department : 



10 



City Document No. 12. 



Engine-Houses. 



No. 1, 

2. 

3 

4 



10. 

11 . 

12 . 
13. 
14. 
15 . 
16. 
17. 

18. 

19 . 

20 . 

21 . 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 

26. 

27 . 

28 . 

29 

30. 

32 
33 



Location. 



Dorche-ter street 



Cor. of O and Fourth streets 
Bristol st. and Harrison ave. 
Bulfmck street ....... 



Marion street, E.B. . . . . . 

Leverett street . . 

East street .... . . . . . 

Salem street ......... 

Paris street, E.B 

River street 

Saratoga and Byron streets . . 

Dudley street 

Cabot street 

Centre street 

Dorchester avenue 

River street, Dorchester Dist. 

Meeting-house Hill, Dorches- 
ter Dist 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



Harvard street, Dor. Dist. . 
Norfolk street, " 

Walnut street, " 

Boston street, " 

Dartmouth street 

Northampton street .... 
Cor. Warren and Quincy sts. 
Fort Hill square 



Mason street 

Elm street, CharlestownDist., 

Centre street, W. Rosbury 
District . 



Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton 
District 



Mt. Vernon street, West Rox- 
bury District 



Bunker Hill street 



Cor. Boylston and Hereford 
streets . . . • 



4,000 
4,000 



1,647 



1,893 
2,568 
4,000 
1,886 

10,000 
7,161 
4,305 
5,627 
2,843 

12,736 



10,225 
7,683 
9,000 
9,355 
4,463 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 

6,385 
2,600 

10,377 

14,356 

16,275 
8,000 

5,646 



Remarks. 



Addition built, 1874. Municipal 
Court, South Boston, and two 
classes, Bigelow School, in this 
building. 



Ladder No. 3 in this building. 

Chemical Engine No. 1, Lancers' 
Armory, and water-tower in 
this building. 



Reconstructed, 1890-91. Ladder 
No. 2 in this building. 



Remodelled, 1870. 

Ladder No. 6 in this building. 
Ladder-House No. 7 on this lot. 



Ladder No. 8 and Ladder 14 in 
this building. 

Engine No. 35 in this building. 



Ladder No. 10 in this building. 
Ladder No. 11 in this building. 



Built, 1883-84. 

Ladder No. 15 in this building. 



Fire Department. 
Engine-Houses. — Concluded. 



11 





Location. 


No. of feet 
in lot. 


Remarks. 


No. 34. . . 


Western ave., Brighton. 






36. . . 




5,668 




37. . . 


Cor. Longwood and Brookline 


5,400 


Occupied by Chemical Eng. No. 3. 


38-39 . 


Congress street. 




40. . . 


Sumner St., East Boston . . . 


4,010 




41. . . 

42. . . 

43. . . 


Harvard ave., near Cambridge 
street, Brighton District . . 

Washington street, between 
Atherton and Beethoven . . 

Chemical Engine-Houses. 


6,112 

3,848 
5,225 


Chem. Eng. 6 in this building; 
built in 1892. 

Chem. Eng. 5 in this building; 
built in 1892. 


No. 1 . . . 






See Engine house 4. 


2. . . 




3,412 




3 . . . 


Cor. Longwood and Brookline 




See Engine-house 37. 

Ladder No. 16 in this building. 


Corab'ation 
"Wagon 1 . 


Poplar St., cor. of Washington, 


14,729 


No. 5 . . . 


Washington street, between 
Atherton and Beethoven . . 


3,848 


Engine No. 42 in this building. 


6. . . 


Harvard ave., near Cambridge 
street, Brighton District . . 


6,112 


Engine No. 41 in this building. 


7. . . 


Chelsea street, East Boston . . 


1,346 




8. . . 




1,804 




9 . . . 








10 . . . 




700 











Hose-Houses. 



No. 3. . 
5. . 

7. . 



Comb'ation 
Wagon 2 



Location. 



Winthrop street . 
Shawmut avenue . 
Tremont street . . 
North Grove street 

Fourth street . . . 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



4,350 
3,918 

3,101 



Remarks. 



Armory in building. 



Ladder No. 12 in this building. 



Remodelled, 1870. 



12 



City Document No. 12. 
Hook-and-Ladder Houses. 



No. 1 

2. 
3 

4, 
5 



10 . 

11 . 

12. 
13. 
14. 
15, 

16. 

17 , 



Location. 



Friend street 

Paris street, East Boston . 

Harrison avenue 

Dudley street 

Fourth street 

River street, Dorchester . 
Meeting-house Hill .... 

Fort Hill square 

Main street, Charlestown . 
Centre street, W.R. . . . 



Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton 
District 



Tremont street 

"Washington, near Dover street, 

Fort Hill square 

Boylston, cor. Hereford street, 

Roslindale 

Harrison avenue 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



1,676 



3,923 
2,469 



2,430 



1,007 



Remarks. 



See Engine-house 9. 
See Engine 3. 



See Engine-house 16. 
See Engine 17. 
See Engine Co. 25. 
Chemical 9 in this building. 
See Engine-house 28. 

See Engine-house 29. 

See Hose-house 7; rebuilt 1892. 

See Engine-house 25. 
Engine 33 in this building. 
See Combination Wagon 1. 
Built in 1892. 



Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land. 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 1,592 feet of land. 

Repair-shop , corner of Albany and Bristol streets ,20,547 feet. 

Hose. 
Amount of hose purchased and condemned since February 
1, 1893, to January 31, 1894, is as follows : 

Purchased. Condemned. 

14,000 feet. 13,850 feet. 
3,000 " 3,450 " 

1,000 " . 1,350 " 

143 " 123 " 



Leading, Cotton, 
" Rubber, 
Chemical, 
Suction, 



Total, 



18,143 " 



18,773 " 



Amount of hose in use and in storehouse February 1, 1894 





In use. 


In storehouse. 


Cotton, 


60,547 feet. 


9,100 feet 


Rubber, 


5,188 " 


1,550 " 


Chemical, 


4,745 " 


500 " 


Suction, 


977 " 


- 118 " 


Hand, 


3,061 " 





Total, 



74,518 



11,268 



Fire Department. 



13 



Recapitulation of the Number of Alarms of Fire, and the 
Losses and Insurance on the same, from 



Sept. 1, 1829, to August 31, 1830 . 

" 1830, " 1831 , 

" 1831, " 1832 , 

" 1832, " 1833 . 

" 1833, " 1834 , 

" 1834, " 1835 , 

«' 1336, " 1837 . 

" 1837, " 1838 . 

" 1838, " 1839 . 

" 1839, " 1840 . 

" 1840, " 1841 . 

" 1841, " 1842. 

" 1842, " 1843 . 

" 1843, " 1844. 

" 1844, " 1845. 

" 1845, " 1846. 

" 1846, " 1847. 

" 1847, " 1848. 

" 1848, " 1849 . 

" 1849, " 1850. 

" 1850, " 1851 . 

" 1851, « 1852. 

" 1852, " 1853. 

" 1853, " 1854 . 

" 1854, " 1855 . 

" 1855, " 1856 . 

" 1856, '« 1857 . 

" 1857, " 1858 . 

" 1858, " 1859 . 

" 1859, " 1860. 

" I860, " 1861 . 

" 1861, " 1862 . 

" 1862, " 1863. 

" 1863, " 1864. 

" 1864, " 1865 . 

" 1865, " 1866. 

" 1866, to Dec. 31, 1866 . . . 



Alarms 


Losses. 


Insurance. 


Population. 


110 


$118,540 


$52,750 


61,392 


62 


23,620 


4,320 




89 


68,195 


40,975 




159 


74,613 


25,713 




130 


69,405 


37,925 




109 


107,440 


45,970 


78,603 


159 


130,295 


55,125 




105 


32,118 


20,238 




96 


140,004 


61,191 




113 


77,973 


58,632 


85,000 


140 


102,975 


36,920 




194 


102,118 


44,533 




232 


128,666 


90,086 




267 


164,083 


95,252 




223 


234,591 


169,440 


114,366 


289 


226,338 


155,205 




270 


172,973 


87,159 




282 


222,273 


162,085 




339 


300,525 


216,992 




240 


123,660 


76,197 


138,788 


333 


386,107 


192,937 




169 


402,849 


215,315 




205 


515,167 


295,056 




195 


150,772 


106,880 




174 


537,604 


361,047 


160,508 


167 


409,353 


287,832 




164 


258,231 


233,787 




161 


390,657 


316,207 




166 


761,370 


646,210 




194 


521,383 


471,853 


177,902 


172 


617,213 


405,928 




172 


1,107,569 


806,433 




141 


367,429 


120,909 




188 


858,381 


493,369 




131 


559,749 


318,067 




221 


681 ,554 


474,171 


192,324 


64 


408,560 


383,700 





14 



City Document No. 12. 

Recapitulation. — Concluded. 



Jan. 1, 1867, to Dec. 31, 1867 

" 1868, " 1868 

" 1869, " 1869 

" 1870, " 1870 

" 1871, '* 1871 

" 1872, " 1872 

" 1873, " 1873 

" 1874, to April 30, 1874 

May 1, 1874, " 1875 

" 1875, " 1876 

" 1876, «' 1877 

" 1877, " 1878 

" 1878, " 1879 

" 1879, " 1880 

" 1880, " 1881 

" 1881, " 1882 

" 1882, " 1883 

" 1883, " 1884 

" 1884, " 18S5 

" 1885, " 1886 

" 1886, " 1887 

" 1887, " 1888 

" 1888, " 1889 

" 1889, " 1890 

«' 1890, to Jan., 1891 

Jan. 1, 1891, to Feb. 1, 1892 

Feb. 1, 1892, " 1893 

" 1893, " 1894 



Alarms. 



284 
293 
385 
497 
549 
640 
620 
291 
702 
483 
509 
514 
563 
571 
731 
595 
727 
793 
927 
785 
827 
975 
962 
963 
679 
1,230 
1,412 
1,718 



Losses. 



$402,115 

401,106 

447,723 

855,571 

704,329 

i 1,516,549 

2,680,953 

941,483 

1,228,403 

541,272 

481,354 

516,000 

403,451 

1,260,490 

1,183,818 

615,836 

814,154 

998,554 

1,593,393 

821,848 

911,999 

784,667 

1,078,333 

4,746,869 

556,597 

1,629,413 

1,926,897 

4,348,902 



Insurance. Population 



$340,775 

314,706 

335,975 

786,463 

534,991 

1,293,983 

2,010,633 

1,607,782 

3,677,008 

3,076,483 

2,827,528 

3,803,910 

3,591,948 

4,602,591 

6,543,006 

4,849,246 

7,299,353 

7,981,807 

8,068,295 

7,082,541 

6,771,654 

10,165,625 

12,146,904 

16,023,952 

9,397,054 

19,247,795 

22,674,186 

27,875,355 



250,750 



342,000 



362,000 



449,000 



Total number of actual fires 
Confined to one building 
Extended to others 
Wharves, vessels, grass, etc. . 
Out of the city 

Buildings. 

Slightly damaged . 
Considerably damaged 
Totally destroyed . 
Not damaged ... 



1,464 
1,056 

27 
302 

7 

691 
78 
26 

344 



lr The losses and insurance of the great fire of the 9th of November, 1872, are not included 
in the above table. The amount of property destroyed can be set down at $75,000,000; the 
area, 65 acres; buildings destroyed, 776, of which 709 were brick and stone, and 67 wood. 



Fire Department. 



15 





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16 



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Fire Department. 



17 






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•18 



City Document No. 12. 





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t- 


to 

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3 






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to 


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CO 


t— 


rH 


CO 


CO 


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to 


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19 



Table No. 5. 

Showing the Different Causes of Fires and Alarms, from 
February 1, 1893, to February 1, 1894. 

Alarms, accidental, automatic .... 13 

" needless ...... , 216 

false 38 

" out-of-town fire ..... 5 

Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle .... 28 

Boiling over of tar or fat . 9 

Bonfires — grass, rubbish, etc. 
Building fire with kerosene 
Chimneys, burning of soot in 
Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. 

" " fire 

" pipe or cigars . 

" smoking . 

" clothes too near stove 
Defective flue 

" stove-pipe 

" grate 

" furnace . 

Electric motor igniting car 
Electric wires 
Explosion of chemicals . 
Fireworks 

Friction of machinery . 
Gas, explosion of . 
" ignition of leaky pipe 
" jet setting fire 
Hot iron and coals igniting woodwork 
Incendiary . . . 

" supposed 

Ignition of spirit or chemicals 
Light mistaken for fire . 
Kerosene lamp, breaking or explosion 
" " upsetting of . 

" stove, careless use of and explosion 
Matches and rats . 

" careless use of . 

" children playing with 
Overheated stove . 

" furnace or oven . 

" steam-pipe or boiler 

Slacking of lime . 
Spontaneous combustion 



3 
51 

26 

5 

30 

9 

1 

24 

3 

3 

8 

33 

40 

10 

25 

6 

10 

8 

39 

11 

32 

18 

14 

4 

101 

33 

48 

32 

62 

58 

2({ 

17 

15 

7 



20 



City Document No. 12. 



Sparks from another fire 

furnace or stove 

engine 

locomotive 

forge 

chimney 

Unknown 

Upsetting stove 

Water-pipes, thawing out of 

Wood in oven igniting . 

Struck by lightning 

Total . 



Kespectfully submitted. 



1 

19 
4 

22 
8 

22 

241 

2 

16 
4 
6 

1,718 



Robert G. Fitch, 
John R. Murphy, 
George H. Innis, 

Fire Commissioners. 



APPENDIX. 



The following tables show the location of the several 
pieces of apparatus in service or reserved, together with the 
name of the builder and when put in service ; also a state- 
ment of the hydrants and reservoirs in use, the reports of 
Commissioner John R. Murphy on Foreign Fire-service, 
and the City Engineer on Tests of Engines, and the fires 
and alarms from February 1, 1893, to February 1, 1894: 



22 



City Document No. 12. 



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Fire Department. 



29 



SALT-PUXGS. 



District. 


Location. 


No. 


Miscellaneous. 


1 . 




1 

2 




2 


Engine-houses 27, 36. . . . 


District Chief's Pungs, 8. 
Spare Pung, 1. 
Caravan, 1. 


3 . 


4 


Engine-house 8 ...... . 




5.... ...... 








6 






Wagons (Dist. Chief's), 11. 
Wagons, Spare, 4. 


7 






7.... . . 


















Supply Wagons, 3. 


8.......... 








9 








9 








9... ..... 












10 










At Shop 


4 








3 








1 








1 





30 City Document No. 12. 



EEPORT OF COMMISSIONER JOHN R. MURPHY 
ON FOREIGN FIRE-SERVICE. 



July 30, 1893. 
To the Board of Fire Commissioners: 

Gentlemen : In accordance with a vote passed by you, I 
submit the following report in reference to the fire depart- 
ments and fire methods of the cities of London and Paris : 

I spent two weeks inspecting London's fire department, 
most of the time, with the exception of one day, unofficially. 

London has a population of about 4,250,000, and an area 
of 120 square miles. The Thames river, flowing through the 
city, although subject to considerable tide, makes a very 
valuable aid in case of fire. The streets are broad in the 
newer parts of the city. In the old city they are narrow. 
The buildings are so low and small in area that they do not 
present great difficulties in case of fire. 

The water-service is supplied by some eight private com- 
panies which, by act of Parliament, furnish water for fire 
purposes. 

The government of the city is complex. The old city of 
London, which comprises about a mile of territory, has a 
government of its own, with authority fixed by Parliament. 
The County Council, so called, governs the whole city (120 
square miles) on certain questions of a metropolitan nature, 
under a special act of Parliament. In addition they have 
governing boards, which they call vestries, some forty in 
number, that look after the local affairs of sections which 
would correspond to wards in an American city. Questions 
such as streets, lights, local sewers, and such matters come 
under their care. The fire department being a general rather 
than a local question, comes under the London County Coun- 
cil, and is governed by that body through a committee in the 
same way as the American fire departments were managed 
twenty years ago. 

The department consists of over 800 men, about 50 land 
steam fire-engines, 9 steam fire-engines on barges, used in 
river service, 9 large ladders, quite a number of hand-en- 
gines and hose-carts, most of which are in the same stations 
as the steam fire-engines, and 179 single ladders at fire-escape 
stations. The above includes men and apparatus in active ser- 
vice. These facts I obtained from one of the principal officers 
of the department, except that he said there were 155 fire- 
escape stations, while their annual report calls for 179. 



Fire Department. 31 

The ladder service consists of the 179 ladders which are 
at the fire-escape stations, some 7 fire ladders, each of which 
has one end on two wheels and the other end tied on ordi- 
nary four-wheeled carts, and 2 extension American ladders. 
Some, if not all, of these ladders are placed in sheds in the 
rear of the stations, and are not equipped for immediate ser- 
vice. The houses in which the men and apparatus are 
quartered are in excellent condition, and compare more than 
favorably with the houses of an American department. 
Glazed brick, which costs with us from $120 to $130 per 
thousand, is used on the interior, and most of the houses 
that I personally inspected could be justly entitled luxuri- 
ous in their appointments and appearance. The cost of their 
new fire stations alone averages about $40,000. As the price 
of building is low in London, that would be equal to from 
$60,000 to $80,000 with us. 

The number of men attached to a company is 12. The 
fire-escape stations are covered by details from the nearest 
company. Most, if not all, of these fire-escape stations have 
each a detail at night of from one to three men. In the day- 
time the greater part of them have no firemen present, and 
the ladder is wheeled to one side in the nearest convenient 
place where it can be stored, generally the yard of some 
public building. The ladders are mounted on two wheels 
and stand upright from them. They appear to be about 
forty feet in length when extended, and are wheeled to the 
fire by hand. The public are supposed to assist if needed, 
and an allowance of Is. is made to each of two citizens aiding, 
and of Is. 6d. to a third citizen, provided he also gave the 
alarm. Most of these fire-escape stations have no connec- 
tion with headquarters either by telephone or telegraph. In 
order to reach them a special messenger has to be sent. 

In each engine-house they receive alarms from what they 
call 8 to 11 "points," or what we would call fire-boxes. 
The boxes are small, with a glass front. In most cases they 
are without any sign or any way of alarming the public, to 
prevent a false alarm being sent in. You break the glass, 
and a knob with "pull" on it is there for you to give the 
alarm. Pulling the knob drops a disk similar to an annun- 
ciator in the nearest engine-house. 

The modus operandi at the station is as follows : Officer 
in charge is notified of an alarm by man on patrol,. and he 
rings for the men. If at night, they are sleeping (in the 
houses that I examined) on the third and fourth stories, a 
hundred feet or more in the rear. They jump out of bed, 
pull on their trousers, and in their stocking feet run down 
long corridors, come down the long flights of stairs to the 



32 City Document No. 12. 

floor (in some cases going to separate buildings for the 
horses from that where the engine is stationed), take otf 
the halters, take down the harnesses, put them on, place the 
bits in the horses' mouths, run out holding them by the heads 
and hitch them up. 

The water in the boiler of the engine is kept warm by gas 
conveyed to the fire-box by rubber hose. They unhitch the 
hose from the door of the fire-box, put in the shavings and 
wood, take a match and light it. The men go to racks 
upon the walls where their clothing is hanging, take their 
leather boots and pull them on, then put on their coats, 
buckle their belts, containing a small hatchet and other imple- 
ments, round their bodies, place their helmets on their 
heads, and then take their positions on the apparatus. The 
engine is a hose-wagon and engine combined, so that when 
the engine comes to a fire it is in the form of one piece of 
apparatus. * The time of hitching up in the house at night, I 
was informed, was from three to four minutes. I saw in the 
headquarters of the service a hitch-up made, with the men 
on the floor dressed, boots, helmets, all complete, with a hand- 
engine, where they had no trouble in the way of firing the 
boiler and harnessing the horses. This was practically what 
Americans would call a floor hitch, and the time was over 35 
seconds. A floor hitch in an American house can be made 
under far less favorable circumstances in from 2 to 6 
seconds ; a night hitch, with the men in bed, in less than 20 
seconds. 

English methods of getting apparatus to work at a fire are 
so slow that one does not ask how many minutes it takes 
before a company is at work, but what portion of an hour. 
American departments can best understand their slowness 
when they call to mind the fact that in every American city 
that claims to have a first-class department, an alarm from 
its dangerous boxes means that a company will arrive there 
with its engine in working order, and get its men inside the 
building, playing water on the fire, in less time than a 
London engine takes to hitch up. After the apparatus 
leaves the house it goes with considerable speed to the fire. 
Before leaving the house, however, the officer telephones the 
superintendent of the district, corresponding to the district 
chief with us, where he is going, and the superintendent 
telephones to have a second engine from his district follow 
the first. When the engines arrive at the fire, if more are 
wanted, a man is sent on horseback to the nearest fire 
station, which may be a mile away, and he telephones to the 
district superintendent how many more engines are wanted, 
and more engines are sent from time to time, as called for 



Fire Department. 33 

by telephone, each time the man going back on horseback to 
convey the order of his superior officer. If the fire is of such 
magnitude as to exhaust the engines of one district, then head- 
quarters, when telephoned, sends more from the next district, 
and so on until the engines of the whole city are at the fire. 

Some of the engines have the doors of the fire-boxes in 
the front part of the boiler, so that the engineman cannot 
reach them when responding to an alarm. Fully one-half, 
I should judge, of the entire London service is this way. 
The result is that, after they leave the house, it is impossible 
to feed the fire and get up steam on the way, and the engine, 
if going any distance, would, under these circumstances, 
arrive frequently at the fire without being in a condition to 
get to work immediately. 

The hand-engines are sent to alarms of fire from the 
nearest boxes to the engine station. To boxes at a distance, 
or when it is known that there is a fire in progress, steam- 
engines are sent. 

When the engine arrives at a fire it is attached to a 
hydrant in the following way : a pipe about two inches in 
diameter is screwed on to the hydrant, a piece of hose is 
screwed on to that and run into what they call a fire-dam or 
canvas box, which has to be set up. The water is let into the 
canvas box, and from this the engine runs its suction and 
draws its supply of water. At the fires I attended, one 
hydrant and one canvas box supplied one engine. In the 
meantime some of the men take the hose, which is in sepa- 
rate lengths and rolled up like a coil of ribbon. One man 
couples a length to the engine and runs with the end, then 
another man runs with a coil and couples it on to that and 
runs with it toward the fire, then the first comes with another 
coil and couples it on. This peculiar way of running a line 
is kept up until the requisite length of hose to reach the fire 
is obtained. The pipe is then screwed on, and, if the engine 
has sufficient steam, the company is ready for action. 

The hose couplings are two inches, the streams played 
from hydrants a half-inch, and the streams played by engines 
on land three-quarter inch. I was informed that they also 
used inch streams, but I did not see any nozzles of that size 
on the engines, neither did I see any in use at any of the 
fires I attended. Before an engine can get its supply of 
water it very often has to be turned on by an employee of the 
water service. If he is not there, he is either sent for or the 
firemen have appliances with which to turn it on. 

The smallness of the engines especially struck me. All 
their engines are single pump with small boilers, and a very 
few of them, about six, deliver a gallon and a half per 



34 City Document No. 12. 

stroke. The balance is divided between engines that deliver 
about a gallon and a gallon and a quarter. They are tested 
when purchased on the basis of 150 revolutions per minute, 
and their maximum and minimum according to the condition 
and age of the steamer is 120 and 90 revolutions. On the 
basis of 120 revolutions the maximum capacity of their 
engines is 120, 150, and 180 gallons per minute respec- 
tively. 

If ladders are needed at a fire they have to depend upon 
the small ladder carried by the steamer, which would not 
reach some of our second stories, or the ladder which comes 
from the fire-patrol station if the alarm was given from there. 
If more are needed they have to send to the nearest station 
a special messenger and have them come by hand. If the 
longer ladders are wanted they are brought by horses. 

In one of the engine stations I saw the method of convey- 
ing one of their long ladders. One end of the ladder is on 
two wheels, the other end is tied on a four-wheeled team 
which they call a van. If needed at a fire it is called by 
telephone, and the engine-horses are hitched to the van and 
they draw it there. I said to the man on duty, "If your 
horses draw this ladder to a fire, and the engine is wanted, 
what do you do? " He said, " We can't take it; we would 
have to fall back on a hand-hose cart." In other words, 
the ladders are brought to fires by hand, except the nine 
large ones, which are brought by horses when specially sent 
for by messenger. 

What they call a large ladder is about equal to one of our 
Bangor ladders, which we carry on our ladder trucks. Their 
way of carrying large ladders, while not quite so difficult as 
the carrying of ship-masts through the streets, is almost as 
cumbersome. It is impossible to convey the London ladders 
with that celerity which is essential in case of fire. 

The men of the London brigade are recruited from sailors. 
Twenty or thirty years ago, before the ocean steamship 
developed to such an extent, there might have been more 
grounds for this than there are to-day. Sailors on steam- 
ships are not sailors of the generations that have passed, and 
while it may be good judgment to have a proportion of the 
service sailors, it is not, in my opinion, good policy to have 
it so exclusively. The fireman in a modern city should not 
only have ability to climb, to handle ropes, as the old-time 
sailor, but should combine with that a mechanical ability 
which would make him familiar with buildings and their 
construction, and, as a climax, he should be possessed of 
the requisite daring and judgment to make of him what 
may be justly called a modern fireman. The men of the 



Fire Department. 35 

London service struck me as being strong, rugged, and pos- 
sessed of most of the requisites which make a fireman, but, 
by training, they have no knowledge of building construc- 
tion. This is an essential weakness. The physical and 
mental examinations which they go through are not so 
stringent as in Boston ; neither is their drill-school so well 
developed in its methods. 

The pay is 24s. ($5.76) a week when they first enter, 
with slight increases for the first few years. After that, in 
order to reach the maximum of pay, 37s. 6d. ($9) a week, 
they have to await vacancies and take the raise of pay in 
the order of seniority. It takes about fourteen years to reach 
the highest grade, and a fireman must serve twenty-eight years 
before he is entitled to a pension. Out of his salary the fire- 
man pays a small sum for his quarters in the engine-house. 

A curious fact connected with the service is the large 
number of changes that take place yearly. In the last year 
96 men out of a total of 825 left the service, and of this 
number 53 resigned. There is but one deduction from this 
extraordinary state of affairs, and it is that it comes either 
because of the peculiar roving disposition of the sailors that 
compose the service, or the small pay and the long service 
necessary in order to obtain the high pay. A service which 
changes like this cannot get the best results. It must be 
lacking in well-trained and experienced men. 

The engines of the service are too small in their capacity. 
While they meet the ordinary demands, when an extraordi- 
nary demand comes they are not sufficiently large in water- 
throwing capacity. It is pretty much the same as though 
an army had all light guns and none of heavy calibre. The 
reason given for the use of such engines is a desire to get 
quickly to a fire. Yet in their hitching and going to a fire 
they lose many minutes. In their methods after getting to 
a fire there is so much time wasted that it strikes an Amer- 
ican very unfavorably. 

This extreme smallness of engines is all the more remark- 
able when I saw engines of English make, of double the 
capacity, and even more, of the London engine, on exhibi- 
tion by makers and in service in other English cities, the 
weight of which was not much greater than that of the Lon- 
don brigade engines. London should send most of the 
engines that she has now to the outskirts, and in the five or 
six congested centres of that great city use engines of large 
water-throwing capacity and light in weight. 

The horses of the service are splendid animals. This is to 
be expected in a horse country like England. They are 
hired, not owned, by the service. 



36 City Document No. 12. 

The water service seemed to me to be sadly lacking in 
many respects. It should be owned by the people for the 
public benefit, not by private corporations for private gain. 
The system, to say the least, is peculiar. In many parts of 
London they have what they call " intermittent supplies ; " 
that is, the water is let on at a certain hour in the morning. 
For domestic purposes people fill the tanks in their houses, and 
then the water is shut oft'. The same rule of shutting off", 
except when needed, applies to water for fire service, and cases 
have occurred where engines have responded to fires and 
have been unable to get water, owing to the fact that the 
man to turn on the water was not present. A system of 
this kind means, even if the water is turned on either by a 
representative of the water department or a fireman, delays 
of a dangerous nature. The hydrants are used also by men 
who are not connected with the water department. The use 
of them should be restricted under the supervision of the 
fire service and the water companies. The smallness of the 
hydrants, which furnish only about a two-inch water supply, 
struck me unfavorably. The number of hydrants, when we 
consider the area of the city and its population and the fact 
that one engine alone can connect to a hydrant, is extraordi- 
narily small, and the result is that the engines cannot be 
massed sufficiently close to a fire to render full and efficient 
service. Their hydrants should be more numerous, and, like 
ours, post hydrants or their equivalent, so that four engines 
could be supplied from a hydrant instead of one. The can- 
vas box should be done away with, and the engine suction 
connected direct to hydrant. 

The hose is without jacket and lined with white rubber, 
which rubber dealers tell us is the weakest kind. The coup- 
lings are fastened by an old process long obsolete in America. 
Instead of using 2-inch couplings they should use at least 
2^-inch, if not larger, and increase the size of their hose. 
Their method of running off a line of hose at a fire by coup- 
ling each piece after they arrive there, is behind the times. 
They should have their line all ready to pull off at a 
moment's notice, and all coupled, just as it is in an Ameri- 
can service. Their system of combining hose and engine in 
one piece of apparatus could be, perhaps, economically used 
in the suburban parts of an American city, but in the heart 
of their city, as well as in Boston, the correct system is the 
engine and hose to be carried on separate pieces of appara- 
tus. The size of their streams is too small for large fires. 
Their hand-engines are relics of barbarism. They do not 
use chemical engines as in America, yet they need them far 
more than we do. 



Fire Department. 37 

Their fire-alarm boxes should all have signs telling 1 how to 
work them, and when the glass is broken a bell should ring, 
as on our keyless doors. I think that would prevent many 
false alarms. Out of about 4,164 alarms of fire in one year, 
1,029 were false — an extraordinary record, which can only 
be accounted for in part by the fact that in giving an alarm 
there is no way of notifying the police or public when a citi- 
zen is sending it in. 

Their system of sending apparatus to the fire is slow and 
complex. It is impossible for them to mass their service 
quickly in case of great need, either wholly or in part. The 
American system, which makes it possible to notify the 
whole service within a few minutes, if necessary, is as su- 
perior to theirs as day is to night. 

Their fire-escape stations with the men on duty at night 
should be covered in the day also, and so situated that all 
could be communicated with at once and notified other than 
by messenger if they are wanted. Either this should be done 
or the peculiar system as it now exists, which fritters away 
the strength of the department on unconnected bodies of 
men, should be abolished. If this is army discipline, it 
is a violation of the rules of warfare, which never allow, 
where it is possible to prevent, any portion of the army to 
have its communication cut off from the main body, its base 
of supplies. 

Fires sometimes are large and travel fast in London, and 
the occasion has arisen, and will arise again, when the ser- 
vices of all her men will be needed quickly ; yet it is impos- 
sible, under the present system, to obtain the whole service 
at once if wanted. 

The average number of boxes per square mile in London 
is about four, so that, in order to give an alarm, it is neces- 
sary, in many cases, to run a long distance. Boston, with 
one-ninth the population, and a little over one-fourth the 
area, has as many fire-alarm boxes in service as has London. 
The boxes should be thicker in London, owing to the density 
of its population, and people should not be compelled to run 
so far in order to send in an alarm, and thus lose valuable 
time. 

I investigated the question of patrolling the streets, and I 
found that the London brigade do no such thing. Statements 
have been publicly made in Boston that in London every 
fireman would be required to be familiar with every building 
in his district. This is not the fact. The firemen know 
nothing about the buildings ; neither do their officers. In 
this respect the London service could take pattern from an 
American department, where, in accordance with rules which 



38 City Document No. 12. 

they reduce to practice, the officers do understand, as far as 
in a human being lies, the construction of the buildings in 
their city. It is only fair, however, to say of the London 
service that their building construction is, in the main, of 
such a nature that the enforcement of a rule of that kind is 
not so necessary as it is in Boston. 

The ladder service of the London brigade is not abreast of 
their steamer service, It is true that their fires, owing to 
good construction, in many cases do not travel fast. This 
gives many chances to put them out by inside fighting. Yet 
they have plenty of fires where it is necessary to get at the 
fire by ladders from the outside, and as their fire ladders are 
not run by horses, valuable time is frequently lost in scien- 
tifically attacking the fire. In conversation with fire authori- 
ties in London, I was informed that they could accomplish 
all they desired from the ground. A statement of this kind 
shows the utter lack of knowledge of ladder service pos- 
sessed by foreign fire departments. London needs a first- 
class ladder service. Because of the lowness of its buildings 
there is not so much necessity for the heavy service of an 
American city ; yet one modelled on the American principle, 
which embraces separate companies with ladders and appa- 
ratus for ladder duty only, and with the men and apparatus 
drawn by horses to fires, would increase to a wonderful ex- 
tent the efficiency of the London brigade. 

One hears a great deal more about saving life than about 
the amount of property lost in foreign fire services. A life 
saved receives more attention in the columns of the press 
than a tire that involves large loss. It is a feeling that is to 
be admired. I gave special attention to this branch of the 
service. I found in London 179 ladder fire-escape stations 
to 120 square miles of territory, or over one ladder to the 
square mile. In case a ladder was needed, that would make 
it necessary at times to run a mile or over to notify the tire- 
escape station, and then to have the ladder run back by hand 
all that distance. This is a vital error. The ladders should 
be situated so as to be called electrically, and thus save an 
enormous waste of time. Many of the ladders are equipped 
with a chute, down which the people to be saved are sup- 
posed to be sent. I question the usefulness of these chutes. 
It requires more men to handle them quickly than are at- 
tached to the ladders. I noticed that some of the latest 
ladders placed in service were without these chutes, and, on 
inquiry, was informed that none of the new ladders were 
equipped with them. Possibly the service of chutes is being 
done away with. If they are, it is good judgment. 

For jumping-nets they have some made of canvas, such 



Fire Department. 39 

as the American fire departments have discarded. The 
pompier ladder service and the use of ropes in connection 
with life-belts, for saving life, as practised in our Boston 
service, is unknown, although very essential in case of 
emergency. I saw no guns for shooting life-lines; neither 
are the men drilled after the American life-saving system. I 
have no hesitation in saying that the American ladder service, 
both for fire and for life-saving, is immeasurably superior to 
the system in vogue in London. 

I was present at some fires in London and saw the depart- 
ment at work. The crowds congregate around the enoines 
close to the fire more so than in an American <"ity. I watched 
the methods of the department and failed to see, either in 
discipline or so-called scientific fire-fighting, where they 
equal the fire department of a large American city. 

Siamesing is not practised to any extent. They have 
some simple two-way Siamese, but I did not see them in 
actual work. They try to reach the inside of a building at 
a fire, the same as our firemen. They also attack from the 
street at various points ; but, unlike our firemen, they are not 
able, by means of an excellent ladder service, water-towers, 
engines with large streams and three-way and four-way 
Siamese, to direct their streams of water so as to go straight 
in in heavy volumes through the windows and openings, and 
strike at the heart of the fire. Streams directed from the 
street must necessarily lose much of their efficiency when 
they enter in a slanting direction. 

It would appear that the London department does not 
bother itself very much about science, for I was informed 
that they had lately tried hose unlined, which, for actual fire 
duty, is little better than no hose at all. All the fire 
departments from other cities outside of London that I met, 
without an exception, use hose unlined, which shows that 
scientific fire-fighting does not enter largely into the English 
fire departments. 

Regarding the discipline of the London service, there is 
nothing to make it superior in this respect to an American 
service. It may compare favorably, and no more. As in 
any large body of men, whether a fire service or an army, 
black sheep can be found, and men will take their chances of 
being caught in violation of the rules. A soldier on guard 
in the face of an enemy will desert his post for a short time, 
even when he knows the penalty is death. London has her 
share of delinquents. 

I saw 7 many things which, accustomed to the strictness of 
an American service, surprised me in London. T suppose 
they are allowable according to their rules. In some of the 



40 City Document No. 12. 

houses I saw the captain standing at the door on the main 
floor of the house, partly in uniform, smoking a pipe, with 
the men in groups lounging around doing the same. Some- 
times little children of two or three years of age would he 
seen playing around the engine. A happy family picture, 
yet hardly in accordance with strict discipline. I spoke to 
one of the memhers of the service in regard to this particular 
fact, and he seemed to take it as a matter of course. His 
reply was, "Why shouldn't we do it? The engine-house is 
our home." I believe that, in the matter of discipline, more 
is demanded and received in an American department than 
in an English service. 

The system of utilizing the Thames river for fire-fighting 
purposes is by having engines on barges, and towing the 
barges with steam-tugs. It is not so good as the American 

Goo 

system of having steamer and tug combined in what we call 
a fireboat. Such good results are not obtainable either in 
quick manoeuvring or general efficiency at a fire. 

London needs sliding-poles for its engine-houses, hanging 
harnesses, horses educated to run out at an alarm, an elec- 
trical system of sending in alarms which notify the whole 
service, two ways of sending them out, as in America, so 
that if one misses the second will not; an increased number 
of men in her companies, as, owing to details, :i company 
frequently goes to a fire with only a few men. In short, she 
should adopt American fire-department methods more fully 
than she has. 

From England we can learn much in the way of preven- 
tion of fires. In London, Liverpool, and in other large 
English cities which I visited, I saw no poles or electric 
wires of any kind in the streets. Everything was under- 
ground, and this is a remarkable evidence of the common- 
sense of the people, when we consider that in London alone 
over 40 different local governments have charge of the streets 
in matters of this kind. Their reasons for not allowing wires 
or poles on the streets are : First, danger from fire ; next, 
because it spoiled the beauty of the streets. Quite a number 
of wires are run over the house-tops, not as with us on heavy, 
wooden, inflammable structures, but on small iron posts with 
cross-arms of the same metal, some of them carrying moi*e 
than a hundred wires. The wires underground are in many 
cases laid in shallow iron trenches, placed under the side- 
walk about a foot below the surface, and the results from 
having the wires underground have been successful in the 
extreme. Seven years ago, during a storm, the wires of the 
whole London fire service were blown down, and they were 
without any fire alarm for some time. Immediately after 



Fire Department. 41 

that the post-office authorities allowed the fire department the 
use of their underground wires, and the result has been little 
or no expense in their maintenance and far better results in 
service. Before the London County Council the question of 
subways for the general use of underground wires of all 
kinds is under consideration, and subways are partly in use, 
from which the city receives rent. 

The number of police on duty in London as compared 
with Boston is very large, and is an excellent provision, not 
only from a police, but from a fire, standpoint. In old Lon- 
don, about a square mile in territory, there are a thousand 
police ; that is, more on duty in one mile than in the 
whole of Boston — 37£ square miles. The balance of the 
city, together with portions of the country, including ter- 
ritory 15 miles each side of Charing Cross as a centre, is 
covered by the metropolitan police, 15,000 to 16,000 in 
number. They come under the jurisdiction of the Home 
Secretary. A small portion of the metropolitan police look 
after the dockyards at Chatham and elsewhere. 

The benefit to be derived from their system of a numerous 
police service is that the streets are thoroughly patrolled, 
and if the police do their duty the chances of a fire being 
discovered in its earlier stages are greater with a large num- 
ber of police than with a small number. Of course, a fire 
may be burning in a building at night for a considerable 
length of time, and the smoke be drawn up by way of the 
roof through elevator shafts or other openings, and not be 
discovered even by the utmost vigilance of the police service 
until the building is all afire. These conditions exist in 
London, but in a modified form as compared with an Ameri- 
can city. There is no doubt that the thorough patrolling of 
a city, especially at night, prevents large fires by giving 
early alarms. Boston, which, like every other American 
city, needs to have its fires discovered and the department 
notified at once, is behind London in this respect. 

One never ceases admiring, the building construction of 
London from a fire standpoint. Wooden buildings are un- 
known, and wood enters into the interior construction to a 
small degree as compared with our American buildings. 
The roofs are of tile, slate, or metal, and are so constructed 
as to be easy of access from one building to another. 
Shingle and inflammable roofs such as we have would be a 
curiosity. 

Elevators are not used largely, neither are boilers for the 
purpose of giving steam-heat. The result is that the build- 
ings are not cut up with elevator-shafts and openings for 
running steam-pipes ; neither are the insides of the buildings 



42 City Document No. 12. 

in winter, by the use of steam, dried in such a way by ex- 
cessive heat as to make them easy food for fire. How differ- 
ent is it in all these particulars in America ! High buildings 
make elevators necessary ; the excessive cold of winter 
necessitates the use of steam-heat and fire of all kinds to 
such a degree that the interior of the buildings, being mostly 
of wood, are dried ; and as we lack that moisture and even- 
ness of climate which seem to be a feature of London, our 
liabilities to fire are greater than theirs, even if we were on 
equal terms with them in building construction. 

I talked with insurance men, and, in speaking of the 
merits of an American city and London from a fire stand- 
point, they said it was a mere matter of construction. The 
buildings are low and small in area, and the monumental 
effects which we get in some of our buildings are unknown. 
The only criticism I heard of the London buildings was from 
a member of the fire department, who, speaking of some late 
construction, — steel beams, tiling, and brick, — called it 
dangerous. Buildings of that kind pass with us for fire- 
proof. 

During the last fifty years London has increased in popu- 
lation and size in a way that reminds one very much of an 
American city. Authorities ascribe this to the fact that, in- 
stead of land being leased, many holders have been selling it 
outright. The result is that people desirous of owning their 
land and houses have come in large numbers and settled in 
London. 

Even if London had a building law only for the last fifty 
years, it would be to-day a city of excellent construction ; 
but the building law runs back to the days of King Charles, 
and the result is a perfect city so far as buildings are con- 
cerned. 

The causes of large fires in American cities are high build- 
ings on narrow streets with large floor areas, built partially of 
wood. London is not troubled with buildings of this kind, 
even of a fire-proof construction, because as far back as 1855, 
and probably even earlier, the building act passed by Par- 
liament had this clause : 

" Every warehouse or other building used either wholly 
or in part for the purposes of trade or manufacture, contain- 
ing more than 216,000 cubic feet, shall be divided by party 
walls in such manner that the contents of each division thereof 
shall not exceed the above-mentioned number of cubic 
feet." 1 

1 The building law as amended in 1890, however, somewhat chansred the provisions 
of this clause, and allowed 450,000 cubic feet to a building, by special vote of the 
county council, provided it is used for one business not of an inflammable nature. 
Openings are allowed in the party walls also under certain restrictions. 



Fire Department. 43 

This would allow a building to be built 60 feet front, 60 feet 
deep, and 60 feet high. In other words, a building of this 
kind would contain three floors of only 3,600 square feet to 
a floor, provided each story was 20 feet high. If a person 
desired a building of larger floor area than this, he would be 
compelled to build a less number of stories, or if he wanted 
more stories he would have to build them less than 20 feet 
high. 

With 3,600 square feet to a floor, buildings perfect in con- 
struction, no wood to speak of, the chances of large fires are 
small in the extreme. Contrast this with the large inflam- 
mable buildings which we have, many of them running over 
50,000 square feet to the floor, with six or seven stories of 
equal area loaded with inflammable goods, and you have the 
easy task which lies before the London fireman, and the 
herculean task which faces the American fireman. 

The largest store of its kind in London is Whiteley's, a 
large retail dry-goods house. Instead of having large open 
floors, acres in area, it is divided into numerous low and 
small buildings, averaging less than 1,000 feet in area to 
a floor, each building divided by brick walls of great thick- 
ness, and with double iron doors where openings are made 
from one store to another. Its lowness (a characteristic of 
the London building), the thick brick walls dividing it, the 
small areas of floor, and the sample-like appearance of its 
stock, would make it an easy building to handle in case of 
fire by an American department ; yet it has had numerous 
costly fires, even from an American standpoint. 

I noticed one other thing: which shows the ^ood business 
judgment of the mercantile community of London. This is 
a tendency to divide a large business into separate depart- 
ments, using one building for storage purposes, another for 
manufacturing purposes, and a third for showing the stock 
for sale. The tendency in an American city for using a 
building not only for sale purposes, but for storage and 
manufacturing, is not general in London. The result is a 
decrease in the fire hazard. 

Another important practice of theirs is that of not having 
large windows in their buildings. Their buildings do not 
present so much glass area in the front and sides as with us. 
When a fire occurs it is easier to confine it within the build- 
ing, as the small windows do not present such opportunities for 
large volumes of flame escaping and setting fire to buildings 
on the other side of the street. 

I have been at some pains to look into the question of the 
extension of fires in London from one building to another. 
Of the fires occurring while I was there, quite a proportion 



44 City Document No. 12. 

were large, and extended to buildings other than that where 
the fire originated. Three days after I sailed, on July 18, a 
fire occurred which involved 50 buildings, 40 of which were 
destroyed and 10 partially so. The loss according to the 
newspapers was $7,500,000 — an enormous amount from a 
London standpoint. The section where this fire occurred I 
had been through several times. It is in the heart of the 
city, close to the Mansion House and to the Bank of England. 
The buildings were low, well constructed, and small in area, 
and the only difficulty that they presented was the fact that 
they were partially stored with goods of an inflammable 
nature. The only way that I can account for such a disas- 
trous and extensive fire occurring in the heart of London 
among such small buildings is the fact that it was allowed to 
get great headway, owing to un-American methods of the 
London service. They are apt to place too much reliance on 
their building construction, and the slow burning of their 
fires. The fire service of London, excellent though it may 
be in many ways, is modelled with the idea of putting out 
most of the fires that occur, but it is not able to cope with 
large fires. What we want is their building construction, 
and what they want is our fire-department methods. There 
is some excuse for us because of the newness of our country, 
the rapid growth of our cities, and the fact that our age of 
wood is not a thing of the past. For London, the capital of 
a great country, the mechanical ability of whose people is 
unquestioned, whose common sense is shown in many ways 
that go to prevent fires, there is no excuse for its not adopt- 
ing American fire-fighting methods. 

It might not be out of place for me to say that I am on 
record while in London as giving my opinion of the London 
brigade to a prominent officer of a large insurance company. 
It was as follows: "That the department had not enough 
men, its apparatus was not heavy enough to cope with large 
fires, and that, although they had been more or less for 
tunate for some time past, yet, even in London, admirably 
though it was built, there were opportunities which might 
arise at any moment, and the service would not be able to 
cope with the crisis." I am free to admit that I do not be- 
lieve my opinion had much weight at that time, for it is to 
the credit of London citizens that their service stands high 
in their estimation ; yet my judgment was borne out in fact 
after my departure by the results of the fire which I have 
quoted above. The chances for large fires are not so numer- 
ous in London, because of construction, as they are with us; 
yet, because of their service, which is modelled for fighting 
small fires, there are many opportunities. The changes in 



Fire Department. 45 

business methods in America have increased our fire risk 
enormously in twenty years, and even in conservative London 
they have made the conditions different from what they were 
twenty and thirty years ago. It seems to me as if the au- 
thorities there had not realized this fact.. 

I was at a considerable disadvantage in Paris owing to my 
small knowledge of French, and at times it was necessary to 
pursue my inquiries through an interpreter. 

The area of the city is about 30 square miles and the 
population 2,500,000. It has beautiful squares and streets 
of more than average width. This is owing mainly to the 
relaying out of the city some years ago. The water service 
is good for a continental city, the engines connecting directly 
with the hydrants. The buildings, although tall, are small 
in area. 

The fire department consists of over 1,700 men of the French 
army under the usual officers, — colonel, majors, captains, 
etc. The men are young, but not as powerful-looking as 
those in an American service. Every three years the rank 
and file practically change, owing to the expiration of the 
army service term. They have a system, I was informed, 
which allows men to serve longer if they desire, and in this 
way, as the service is considered easy, they manage to keep 
many men of experience. 

I inspected their drill school. In a modified form it re- 
sembles an American school, yet it is not of so high a grade 
or so far-reaching in results as one of ours. 

They have about 12 fire stations or barracks in the whole 
of Paris. Connected with these or close by are the fire- 
houses, some of which are modelled on the American plan, 
with sliding poles, hanging harnesses, all complete, as intro- 
duced by them some few years since. 

The engines have double pumps some 12 or 14 in number, 
with a capacity of from 300 to 400 gallons a minute. They 
are excellent in their construction. 

The hose is carried on reels attached to wagons, and in 
the barracks, in addition, they have ladders stored which are 
drawn to fires by horses. They use hand-pumps and other 
small appliances to a great extent. Their large ladders are 
about fifty feet in length when extended ; some of them may 
be a little longer. A few men can handle them, but their 
methods are slow and complicated. The construction of the 
ladders, and the method of throwing them, render it impos- 
sible to place them in position at a fire with celerity. 

I looked in vain for pompier ladders. It is a popular 
belief on our side of the Atlantic that the American pompier 



46 City Document No. 12. 

ladder had its origin in France. If such is the fact, strange 
to say, the French people know nothing about them. They 
have a short ladder of the regular style, with a long hook on 
each side, which they use to scale with from one balcony to 
another. Their buildings are constructed in that way. This 
may have given the idea to America; but America has so 
improved upon it that even its originators would not rec- 
ognize it. 

The use of ropes, life-belts, etc., as practised in American 
departments, is unknown in Paris. Speaking of the Ameri- 
can method of using ropes in saving life, as shown at the 
congress of firemen in London, a captain of the Paris depart- 
ment expressed to me the greatest surprise at the ability 
shown by the American fireman. The rope drill, as prac- 
tised by us, is utterly unknown either in England or France. 

Siamese streams are not used in Paris. Once they had 
the appliances, but they claim they found no use for them. 

The American system of shut-off nozzles, and all those 
modern ideas of fire-fighting, which, in the aggregate, do so 
much to make a service efficient, I failed to find in either 
London or Paris. 

The hose used principally in Paris — and in this respect it 
is behind London — looks like a linen fabric unlined. They 
use some small lined hose, but I saw very little of it. 

Paris, like London, has no wires or poles on its streets to 
interfere with the proper working of its department at fires. 
There are some overhead wires, but these are carried in the 
least objectionable way to the firemen — on structures over 
the roof's of the buildings. 

There are but few fire-alarm boxes in Paris. These are 
small, with glass fronts, placed in a way that makes them 
hard to find. In addition, they have over a hundred stations 
scattered over the city, where they have small appliances and 
a few men. No outsider is allowed to enter the barracks of 
the Paris department without the consent of the commanding 
officer. After getting a written permit from the colonel in 
charge, I was shown the operations of the department by a 
captain in the service. I asked to be taken to one of these 
small outlying stations, and he said that there was nothing 
to see there, that they were doing away with them. 

They are putting in a new fire-alarm system winch con- 
sists of short posts, each about four feet high, on top of 
which is a square iron box with a glass front. The idea con- 
veyed b} r the sign attached to it is that the citizen giving the 
alarm must wait until the apparatus responds. 

In these boxes are telephones which, on breaking the 
glass, allow citizens to send in an alarm of fire. The sup- 



Fibe Department. 47 

position is that by this means they are able to get more de- 
tailed information of what is wanted. As far as I could find 
out, it was a peculiar kind of telephone, which would not 
allow the tire headquarters to talk hack to the party giving 
the alarm. They could make a signal which would notify 
that an alarm had been received all right, and that is all. If 
such is the case, it seems to me that if this telephone system 
is to be used at all, it should be of such a nature as to admit 
of conversation backward and forward between the party 
giving the alarm and the party receiving it. As fast as these 
boxes are placed in service, the stations, whose places they 
take, are abolished. The eventual result of this system, 
if carried out, will be that Paris will have a large num- 
ber of telephone stations from which to send in alarms of 
fire. The system, though not perfect, is yet worthy of con- 
sideration. In my supplementary report I shall give a more 
detailed account of it. 

A difficulty in all great cities, which we have felt first in 
America, is that of numerous fires occurring at one and the 
same time. London and Paris have been trying to cope with 
this difficulty, but the methods which they follow are not 
such as meet the case. The time is not far distant when 
London and Paris will be compelled to follow our example. 

When an alarm is received in a Paris station it is sent 
out in a manner somewhat similar to that of the London de- 
partment. They have the same circumlocution in receiving 
the alarm and notifying the various district headquarters and 
in sending back for more help by messengers. The same 
criticism can also be made of their service as of the London, 
viz., the impossibility of centralizing it at a moment's notice 
and using all the men and apparatus if needed. It is a 
peculiar fact, yet true, that, although the French have many 
American appliances for quick hitching and getting their 
apparatus to a fire, while they connect directly with the hy- 
drant and have their hose joined together ready for use, they 
fail in many ways. Their horses are not trained to run out 
to the harnesses, the halters have to be unhitched, and the 
men lead the horses out by hand. The engines have no 
method of keeping on steam while in quarters, and they do 
not make ready for use until after they arrive at a fire. 
There is an absence of that snap and vigor which character- 
ize an American service. It strikes me that the men are in 
the same position that we would be in if new and strange 
machinery was imported into one of our large mills and we 
had no men who were familiar with its operation. It would 
be necessary for us to import skilled labor from the country 
whence the machine came or wait until the intelligence of 



48 City Document No. 12. 

the American mechanic found out the secret. What they 
need in Paris, in addition to copying our ways and methods, 
is the ability to utilize them to the best advantage. 

When the Paris apparatus goes to a tire, it is in no great 
hurry. On arriving the men run off a line of unlined 
hose which looks to be 3^ to 4 inches in diameter. At 
the end of this large hose they have a brass cap which 
they screw on, and from this run small lines of hose, 
a trifle larger than ordinary garden hose. They can use 
two lines, possibly more, in this way from one large 
line of hose. Some of the small hose is rubber and some of 
it linen unlined, and with this kind of hose they fight a 
fire. The size of their engine streams varies from five- 
eighths of an inch to one inch. As they use unlined hose, 
with its faulty delivery and tendency to leak, and as the 
couplings are somewhat on the key-clutch principle, they 
cannot get efficient water-streams. In America we are par- 
ticular in the extreme not to allow hose to leak when carried 
through buildings, yet in Paris they seem to think nothing 
of this particular point. 

Fires very seldom extend beyond the room in which they 
originate, and the cases are rare in which it gets from one 
building to another. I was present at a small fire which 
took place in the basement of a hotel, with small stores in 
the lov\er story, and on the stories above were suites for 
tenants. It was curious to see the people looking down 
from the windows above at the firemen at work in the base- 
ment, apparently not in the least disturbed. They could do 
it with impunity, for the buildings are not built to burn. 
The firemen had an arrangement similar to an air-pump 
which supplies a diver with air, and were working it to fur- 
nish air to those who were in the cellar below. The smoke 
that came out from the cellar did not amount to anything in 
volume, and for about half an hour the apparatus and the 
men stood around there, and finally, when the fire seemed to 
be all out, a man came out who had over his head a diver's 
helmet made out of light metal. He evidently was the one 
who was in the thick of the smoke and to whom the air was 
being pumped. After him came more firemen, and in their 
hands they had the cause of the fire, about a bushel-basketful 
of excelsior, part of which was burned. 

My stay in Paris was a little over a week, and during that 
time I saw considerable of the fire service. The arrange- 
ment for furnishing air to those in cellars, such as they had 
on their apparatus, struck me as being too heavy for a 
man, especially in some cellars such as we have. The 
idea impressed me as excellent, and possibly might be 



Fire Department. 49 

used in American cities in cellar fires which did not travel 
fast. 

On all their apparatus the French carry oxygen for the 
purpose of reviving those who may have been affected by 
smoke. Here again is an excellent idea, but of its practica- 
bility a medical man would be best able to express an 
opinion. 

In their methods and as scientific fire-fighters, the French 
are somewhat like the English. Neither London nor Paris 
has had the daily practical experience that the American 
fireman has. We have learned the trade scientifically from 
daily combat with fires, unequalled in their fierceness and 
danger the world over, because of the construction of our 
cities. It is not science to use the hose they do, and it is 
not science to have a body of supposed trained men looking 
after the fire interests of a great city like Paris change so 
constantly. The trained, scientific fireman comes only with 
long years of practical experience. In this, both London 
and Paris seem to be sadly wanting. 

The buildings of Paris are better than those of London. 
Although higher, they are so arranged that all the rooms 
appear to have windows opening out of doors, and they are 
erected around interior courtyards. These courtyards, to- 
gether with many open spaces and broad streets, allow the 
tire department to reach fires easily and quickly. 

The officers and men of the Paris department, like those 
of London, know nothing about the construction of build- 
ings, neither do they make inspection of them, nor are they 
by rule compelled to have a knowledge of their interior or 
exterior construction. The London service is under civil- 
ians, and some people may give that as a reason for its 
action, but the Paris service is military, and so much is 
claimed for the military, that it is a strange comment that 
this most essential thing in fire -fighting, viz., that the offi- 
cers at least should inspect and know their buildings, is com- 
pletely ignored in Paris. They have plans on file at the 
headquarters of the public buildings and of theatres, and 
this is the nearest they come to paying any attention to 
building construction. I asked an officer how they found 
their way in a building on fire, and he replied that the 
owner or somebody round there showed them. 

Paris uses the army for a fire department, in my opinion, 
first, because of its cheapness; lastly, in order that so large 
a body of men may come under the jurisdiction of the na- 
tional government, not the municipality of Paris. The 
police come under the national government for the same 
reason. 



50 City Document No. 12. 

The life-saving appliances in Paris, from my limited ex- 
amination, can bear no comparison with those of an Ameri- 
can city. They are not even abreast of the London service ; 
in fact, the engine and fire appliances of Paris would hardly 
be large enough in number for an American city of 100,000 
population, and would not be for Paris, were it not for the 
wonderful building construction. 

In my opinion, it would be well for us to consider the 
question of a heavier system of policing and patrolling on 
the part of the lire department in the extreme hazardous 
sections of Boston. If foreign cities tind it beneficial, why 
not Boston ? 

In the engines which I saw in England, outside of 
London, the idea of having three pumps seemed to me to 
be an improvement on the average two-pump engines. In 
Paris, they have in service boilers on their engines of a 
water tubular pattern. Attached to the boilers is a light 
condenser to exhaust the steam back into the boiler, or they 
can exhaust into the air. 

It might be possible for an engine to be built with three 
pumps instead of two, and by adopting the system of water 
tubular boilers, get better results than we receive from our 
engines. The gain from an engine of this kind would be 
economy in the use of fuel, lightness in weight, and large 
water- throwing capacity. 

Water tubular boilers, I understand, have been tried in 
England in connection with fire-engines, and it is claimed 
that they are a success. We might submit the question rs 
to the feasibility of this proposition to the engineer of the 
city of Boston. In this connection it would be advisable 
also to have a scientific test made by him of the number of 
gallons per minute the engines of the Boston fire department 
are able to throw on a fire, not alone in theory, but in actual, 
practical work. The result of this test would best show the 
wisdom of trying this new system of engine. In connection 
with this test, the principles of getting the best results from 
two-way, three-way, and four-way Siamese streams could be 
obtained ; in fact, the whole question of water delivery could 
be investigated, especially the subject of a lighter substitute 
for the present heavy suction used in connecting an engine 
to the hydrant. 

There is no doubt that the great danger of Boston in the 
future is from the faulty construction of the past. It is 
essential that not only the officers, as is now the case, should 
have a thorough knowledge of construction of buildings, but 
that as far as possible it should extend to the men. Our 
patrol system makes it possible for a man to know the con- 



Fire Department. 51 

ditions that surround buildings on the outside. By allow- 
ing them access to maps it is possible for them, in theory, 
to obtain a knowledge of their inside construction. It seems 
to me that when promotions occur hereafter, it would be 
advisable to embody as part of the subjects in which the men 
should be examined, their knowledge of the results obtained 
from water, as developed by the tests which I have sug- 
gested, and also their knowledge of the outside and inside 
construction of buildings in the district where they have 
done duty. 

I noticed in Paris, in some of the large buildings which I 
personally examined, there were men attached to the store, 
who were formerly members of the Paris brigade. Their 
duty, I was informed, was to patrol all the floors of the 
building, and see that the goods were so placed, and every- 
thing carried on in such a manner, that the danger from tire 
was minimized. This is an idea that can be enlarged upon 
here in Boston. In each of our large establishments that are 
considered hazardous, a fire department can be formed out 
of the employees, and the organization be made under the 
supervision of an officer of our fire service. To get the best 
results from such an organization, it should be inspected at 
stated intervals by a fire official. This inspection should ex- 
tend to the fire appliances of the building. 

I have examined the building laws of Paris and London, 
as well as the laws governing explosives and petroleum, 
also their system of inspection, and other matters of im- 
portance, and will submit, as soon as possible, a separate 
report upon those subjects. 



52 City Document No. 12. 



SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT. 



There is no way of ascertaining the actual fire losses on 
property in London. The fire brigade keeps no record. 
They say that it is not their business to do so. Unlike us, 
they give no attention to this point. 

It is also absolutely impossible to obtain exact figures of 
the losses of insurance companies, for any year or series of 
years. It is the custom of every company (with some ex- 
ceptions) to publish full particulars of its receipts and loss 
payments as a whole, at home and abroad. But no company 
thinks to make public its experiences in any London district. 
The reason for this is, that if the experience be an adverse 
one, the company can quietly curtail its operations in that 
district ; and if favorable, it tan continue to make a profit 
without attracting too much attention. The correct figures, 
doubtless, are in the hands of some insurance managers, 
but they do not make them public. 

London is divided for insurance purposes by each company 
into practically three sections : the West End, for good resi- 
dential property ; the city, for large wholesale and retail 
warehouses, and storage risks ; and the East End, for manu- 
facturing and residential risks. 

The residential insurances are on a good paying basis. 
Although the rates vary from i- per cent, to 2 per cent., the 
loss ratio of the larger companies fluctuate between 5 and 15 
per cent, of the gross premium income of these West End 
branches. This statement applies to three of the principal 
insurance companies of London. Separate figures for the 
East End and city cannot be obtained, but the combined 
percentage for London is estimated as follows : 

During the last ten years the percentage of losses has fluc- 
tuated between 40 and 60 per cent, of the premiums. The 
loss for last year is estimated as not exceeding 50 per cent., 
and it varies from about 25 per cent, in one company to 
about 70 per cent, in two other prominent companies. This 
is based on the judgment of authorities. It is not too much 
to estimate 50 per cent, of the premiums as the loss. 

This is about the same showing on insurance profits as 
that made by the Boston insurance companies during the 
last ten years, with this difference, that the insurance rates 
are at least twice as high in Boston as they are in London. 



Fire Department. 53 

The yearly premium receipts for the London district in 
detail it was impossible for me to obtain, but it may be cal- 
culated on a basis off per cent, on the total insurance of the 
companies, based upon their contribution to the support of 
the London brigade. This would be about £1,432,000. 
The insurance companies are desirous of making as large a 
profit as possible in London, because the business there is 
usually reckoned to cover deficits in what they call the prov- 
inces and abroad. The business of the fire offices for the 
country and abroad shows a total loss of 13,000,000 on a 
premium income of 19,000,000. 

The insurance commissions paid to agents are reckoned at 
about 16 per cent. The expenses of management, it is 
claimed, are 18 per cent. 

According to the annual report of the London Salvage 
Corps, which is supported by the insurance companies to look 
after their property, it is estimated that 25 per cent, of the 
total number of fires in the metropolitan area have no in- 
surance. This is an extraordinarily large proportion, but 
the statement, coming from such an authority, cannot be 
questioned. Many small householders and business firms 
do not insure at all. 

The salvage corps' report draws attention to several pecu- 
liarities in fire risks. In 11 years the number of fires has 
increased 60 per cent., and the serious fires have fallen from 
14 to 6 per cent. The claim is made that this result is 
caused by the special attention given to the isolation of por- 
tions of large warehouses and storage premises, and also to 
a lately introduced system of patrolling and inspecting under 
the directions of the fire-insurance managers. The best re- 
sults have been shown in wharf and warehouse business. 

As near as I could ascertain, what they call warehouse 
business means a business carried on in any building occu- 
pied by a firm in the dry goods, furniture business, etc. 

They seem to have had a somewhat similar experience in 
London to what we have recently had in our American cities, 
doubtless coming; from the changes in business methods, to 
which I have heretofore alluded. 

About two years ago, the centre mile in London, around 
the Mansion House, was yielding large fire losses in what 
they called " warehouses," dealing in Manchester goods of a 
nature similar to dry goods. The insurance was raised 50 
per cent., the results showing a loss even then; and while 
I was staying in London the companies were considering the 
question of making a still further increase of 20 per cent, on 
insurance rates. Their method of increasing the rate was 
to take every warehouse dealing in Manchester goods, and 



54 City Document No. 12. 

raise the premiums in the proportion that I have mentioned. 
But they did not apply this increase to every business build- 
ing in the district. 

I found it impossible to obtain definitely the number of 
fires in London causing a loss of over $25,000, but doubt- 
less those marked "serious" in the brigade report are 
above that amount. In regard to notable fires, the reports 
of 1892 will show the cases of extension from one building 
to another. The construction of their buildings is of such 
a nature that the losses are confined generally to the build- 
ing in which the fire originates, although during my short 
stay there were a number of extension fires fully as large as 
would have occurred during the same time in any American 
city. 

For many years London has been singularly free from 
disastrous fires. Recently, however, she has had a different 
experience. The history of fires in great cities is more or 
less similar. They may have years free from conflagrations, 
and then they come with a vengeance. London has been no 
exception to the rule. 

It has been said again and again that conflagrations were 
limited to American cities, owing to the wooden and careless 
construction. London has been held up for our edification. 
Yet a week or so ago they had a large conflagration, and a 
few da} T s later they had another. Of the latter one it has 
been impossible for me to obtain the exact losses, owing to 
the peculiar methods that characterize the fire brigade's 
records. In this fire, the newspapers claim that the losses 
are between seven and eight millions. (See Plate No. 1.) 

The accompanying plan of the fire was sketched and 
afterwards verified by a competent engineer. The amount 
of territory burned over was large. Forty buildings 
were destroyed, and 20 partially so. The buildings 
were all very small in area. The heights of the build- 
ings ran from 31- to 5 stories, very few of them the latter 
height. The buildings were well constructed, in man}' 
cases occupied by offices, and presented no great diffi- 
culties in case of fire from the construction standpoint. 
The fire started in the corner of the building, at the 
point marked by a star, in the stationery shop of William 
Brown & Co. Owing to the slowness of the methods char- 
acterizing the fire departments on the other side, and the 
inflammable contents of the building, the fire, doubtless, got 
great headway. Even under these drawbacks it would 
seem, however, that, with so many partition walls, the fire 
should have been confined to its point of origin. If in such 
buildings as these in London, which are built not to burn, a 



M 





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avenue: 






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Fire Department. 55 

disastrous fire of this kind can occur, the wonder is that in 
American cities, with their large-area buildings and wooden 
construction, we have not had greater conflagrations. 

The history of fires in New York, Chicago, and Boston 
shows somewhat similar results. A few days ago New York 
(if you will remember) had a large fire, the loss upon 
which, according to reports, was over $2,000,000. I say, 
according to reports, because the final results, doubtless, 
will curtail that figure. (See Plate No. 2.) 

I submit a plan of that fire. The star marks the place 
where the fire started in Campbell & Co.'s paper-hanging 
establishment. The unbroken floor area of the building 
where the fire began was large. The result was inevitable, 
with such a large area filled with inflammable material. A 
great volume of flame was produced, and although 46 pieces 
of apparatus were on duty, the flames jumped a street 55 
feet wide, and burned over 20 buildings. 

If at this fire there had been other large-area buildings 
adjoining the territory burned over, it would have required 
all the efforts of the excellent New York service to have 
prevented further spread, and it is a question whether they 
would have succeeded in so doing. 

I submit a plan of a fire in Chicago that occurred some 
time ago, which still further illustrates the dangers from 
large floor areas and ill-constructed buildings. The star 
shows where the fire started. It began in a one-story frame 
shed in the rear of a block of five buildings full of windows, 
and from this block the flames jumped a street 80 feet wide 
and burned the low buildings on the other side, three and 
four stories high ; also the low buildings in the rear, on the 
other side of School street. The number of buildings 
affected in this fire was about 20. (See Plate No. 3.) 

Here, again, was a case that, owing to the fact that in the 
neighborhood there were only low three-story brick build- 
ings, the fire did not extend farther. The number of engines 
at this fire was thirty-four. It required the united efforts of 
a large part of the Chicago service to stop this conflagration. 

We have, as you well know, the same trouble in Boston 
that they have had in New York and Chicago ; but our large 
floor area buildings appear to be more poorly constructed 
than in the latter cities, and we are unfortunate in the sense 
that they are in the neighborhood of other large-area build- 
ings, and are surrounded by narrow streets. 1 submit 
a plan of the Hecht building fire. (See Plate No. 4.) 

The point where the tire was supposed to have started is 
shown by the star. It jumped across the small passageway 
(over the skylight), 8 feet in width, into the Summer-street 



56 City Document No. 12. 

building, which had no shutters. By the falling of the walls 
the tire went into the building next the one without the shut- 
ters, also into the annex buildings on the Federal-street side, 
connected with the main building by iron doors. The con- 
struction of this building was the usual American construc- 
tion which characterized buildings fifteen years ago, — plenty 
of wood, some' iron and brick. 

These three fires owe their spread to the vast volume of 
flame generated in a large floor area. In view of the con- 
struction of the buildings, and of the result of these fires, a 
great deal of credit should be given to the respective fire 
departments, especially so when we compare the fires with 
the plan of the fire in London, which spread as far and 
destroyed more buildings, With us they would be con- 
sidered, from their small size, numerous brick partitions and 
good construction, extremely easy to handle in case of fire. 

I personally inspected six of the most difficult " warehouse " 
risks in London. The business is similar to our large retail 
houses. The following are the risks. 

The Army and Navy stores pay an insurance of thirteen 
shillings to a hundred pounds-: 

Insurance. 

Whiteley's (special) 21s. 

Maple's shop and stores .... 10s. (id. 

Shoolbred's ....... 13s. 

J. & R. Morley 9s, 

Hitchcock Williams . . . . . Us. 

The plans of these buildings show the benefit accruing 
from the building laws, which limit not only areas, but the 
heights of the buildings, by the clause which says, " the 
cubical contents of any building shall not be over 216,000 
feet." This law also compels the use of fire-proof material, 
and limits the style of doors that shall be cut through walls. 

My personal inspection of these buildings showed that the 
floors were generally of concrete, the roofs of slate or metal, 
the ceilings concrete, arched bricking used everywhere, 
openings made in the walls protected by double steel doors, 
party walls of great thickness, subways from one building to 
another rather than passages overground, — in short, every- 
thing was done to produce perfect construction. The reason 
for this action of the occupants was that they might obtain 
low rates of insurance. Yet with all this excellence of 
construction in London, there are many large houses, as in 
Boston, who have to go abroad to obtain all the insurance 
they want. 

The buildings of Maple & Co., upholsterers, cabinet- 



56 City Document No. 12. 

building, which had no shutters. By the falling of the walls 
the tire went into the building next the one without the shut- 
ters, also into the annex buildings on the Federal-street side, 
connected with the main building by iron doors. The con- 
struction of this building was the usual American construc- 
tion which characterized buildings fifteen years ago, — plenty 
of wood, some iron and brick. 

These three fires owe their spread to the vast volume of 
flame generated in a large floor area. In view of the con- 
struction of the buildings, and of the result of these fires, a 
great deal of credit should be given to the respective fire 
departments, especially so when we compare the fires with 
the plan of the fire in London, which spread as far and 
destroyed more buildings. With us they would be con- 
sidered, from their small size, numerous brick partitions and 
good construction, extremely easy to handle in case of fire. 

I personally inspected six of the most difficult " warehouse " 
risks in London. The business is similar to our large retail 
houses. The following are the risks. 

The Army and Navy stores pay an insurance of thirteen 
shillings to a hundred pounds-: 

Insurance. 

Whiteley's (special) 21s. 

Maple's shop and stores .... 10s. tid. 

Shoolbred's ....... 13s. 

J. & E. Morley 9s. 

Hitchcock Williams ..... lis. 

The plans of these buildings show the benefit accruing 
from the building laws, which limit not only areas, but the 
heights of the buildings, by the clause which says, " the 
cubical contents of any building shall not be over 216,000 
feet." This law also compels the use of fire-proof material, 
and limits the style of doors that shall be cut through walls. 

My personal inspection of these buildings showed that the 
floors were generally of concrete, the roofs of slate or metal, 
the ceilings concrete, arched bricking used everywhere, 
openings made in the walls protected by double steel doors, 
party walls of great thickness, subways from one building to 
another rather than passages overground, — in short, every- 
thing was done to produce perfect construction. The reason 
for this action of the occupants was that they might obtain 
low rates of insurance. Yet with all this excellence of 
construction in London, there are many large houses, as in 
Boston, who have to go abroad to obtain all the insurance 
they want. 

The buildings of Maple & Co., upholsterers, cabinet- 



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Totals 2. Bufe-o/n&s. 

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pfl rc of ~»*um«* «s or &of or* per ccnt 
TOTAL MO-OF Bt/tLDOS. 82. 



Plate No. 6, 



Fire Department. 57 

makers, and general house furnishers, are divided into three 
divisions. I found the construction well-nigh perfect from 
a fire standpoint. In addition they seemed to have provided 
every appliance in the way of hose, night watchmen, etc., for 
meeting any possible emergency. (See Plate No. 5.) 

The average area of each building in division 1 is 1,256 
square feet; the heights of the buildings vary from 3 to 
4 stories, and in some instances they are 5 stories high. 
The stories are excessively low studded, and the 5-story 
building in this case, as in most London buildings, appears 
to be not higher than an average 3-story building in America. 
The total number of buildings occupied by Maple & Co. 
is 75 in one division, 12 in another, and 5 in a third. The 
result of having so many buildings divided by brick walls, 
with double iron doors covering the openings (and the size 
of these doors limited), is the general prevention of the 
spread of fire beyond the building where it originates. 

The theory of the construction of all large buildings in 
London is to be praised. It is the same principle which 
makes the modern ocean steamer well-nigh unsinkable. A 
series of water-tight compartments, with all connections 
provided with doors, has robbed the sea of many of its 
dangers. The same principle, with fire-proof construction, 
applied in buildings in London, has prevented the disastrous 
fires from large floor area buildings by which American cities 
have suffered. 

A few of the marked characteristics of Maple & Co.'s are 
concrete ceilings, in many cases stone stairs, windows pro- 
tected by iron shutters, and the isolation of the dangerous 
portions of the business in specially constructed buildings, 
so that in case of fire that particular portion of the business 
would be injured and no other = 

What is true of the construction of Maple & Co.'s is equally 
true, to a greater or less extent, of the plans of five other 
buildings. 

The Army and Navy Cooperative Society carries on gen- 
eral stores somewhat similar to one of our large retail dry- 
goods houses. Cne portion of their business is in stores 
between Victoria street, Howick place, and Artillery row ; 
the other portion between Francis street, Howick place, 
Spencer place, Greencoat row, and St. Margaret's place. 
The average area of the buildings in the first division is 1,090 
square feet ; the total number of the buildings is 49 in the 
first division, 23 in the second, and 10 in the third. The 
heights of the buildings are 3 stories, 4 stories, and in a few 
cases 5 stories. (See Plate No. 6.) 

In the examination that I made of these stores, it struck 



58 City Document No. 12. 

me that their construction was a little better than the aver- 
age London building. They were provided with brick 
arches, stone stairs, numerous thick brick partition walls, 
and an isolation in separate buildings, with brick arched 
floors of the departments where danger was to be expected 
from fire. The streets were fairly wide, especially so when 
the heights of the buildings are considered. In the immedi- 
ate neighborhood there appeared to be no other large build- 
ings. This reduces the danger. 

In William Whiteley's stores there have been many costly 
fires in times past, involving large losses, yet, owing to the 
method of subdivision into numerous small buildings by 
partition walls, the fires have never completely destroyed 
the whole property. It is divided into two distinct parts by 
Douglass place, under which subways are run. The total 
area of one part is 70,400 square feet, and it is divided into 
109 buildings. The area of part 2 is 72,000 square feet, 
divided into 40 buildings. Owing to the fact that the rate 
of insurance paid upon these buildings is 21 shillings, and 
the reputation they have enjoyed for large fires, my examina- 
tion was very thorough. The portion of the stores facing on 
Queen's row are of first-class construction, — concrete, stone 
floors, walls of great thickness, double doors protecting 
openings in the wall, and brick arches in the basement. In 
short, everything seemed to have been done to prevent the 
spread of tire. (See Plate No. 7.) 

Whiteley's stores are considered the most extensive of 
their kind in London. This business is like that of Jordan, 
Marsh, & Co , or R. H. White & Co., or even a little more 
extensive, as he deals in oils, paints, provisions, and flour, 
and has a book-bindery, a butcher shop, and other things 
that seem a little out of place in a dry-goods store. 

If the same buildings were in Boston they would be con- 
sidered a cheap fire risk. The owner, however, I am in- 
formed, has been unable to get all the insurance he wanted. 
The height of the buildings is so low (in some cases they 
hardly average as high as an ordinary American dwelling- 
house), and their construction is so good, that the tire 
department, either in Boston, New York, or Chicago, 
would have no trouble in preventing much damage in case 
of fire. 

The business quarters of Shoolbred & Co., drapers and 
house furnishers, face on Tottenham-court road, 82 feet 
wide; Grafton street, 49 feet wide ; Huntley street. 45 feet 
wide ; and University street, 44 feet wide. Four stories is 
the average height of all the buildings, and very low stories 
at that. Measured by the eye, they appear to be about 50 



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Plate No. 7. 



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Plate No. 10. 



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Fire Department. 59 

feet high, or even less. Here I found concrete ceilings in 
many parts, slate and metal roofs, thick brick walls with double 
fire doors protecting the openings, and a well-constructed 
building. The total area which the external walls of the 
building enclose is 72,000 square feet. The number of build- 
ings into which this area is divided is 56. (See Plate No. 8.) 

The buildings of Hitchcock, Williams, & Co., facing on 
Paternoster row, Paul's alley, and St. Paul's churchyard, are 
situated in a section where some disastrous tires have oc- 
curred. The total area of the buildings is 24,000 square 
feet. This area is divided into 30 buildings. The height 
runs from 3£ stories to 4, and in a few cases 5. The same 
good construction and the use of thick brick partition walls 
is to be found here. In fact, you find it everywhere in 
London. (See Plate No. 9.) 

Messrs. I. & R. Morley, situated on Gi'esham street, Mill 
street, and Wood street, is divided into twenty-eight differ- 
ent buildings. The total area within the external walls is 
35,100 square feet. The number of buildings into which 
this area is divided is twenty-eight ; average area of sub- 
divisions, 1,243 square feet. (See Plate No. 10.) 

My reasons for referring to these buildings are : first, to 
give an idea of their excellent construction ; next, to show 
the common-sense methods which characterize the business 
men of London in isolating the dangerous portions of their 
business, and in the use of brick partition walls, which is the 
greatest safeguard for the prevention of the spread of fire. 

Again, I desire to contrast the easy task which the London 
buildings present to the English fireman with the problem 
which faces the American fireman from poorly constructed, 
large-area buildings. 

To illustrate, and for comparison, I submit the following 
plans of American buildings : 

No. 11 represents a seven-story and basement, composition 
roof, iron shutters, mill construction, well-built building in 
Chicago. The fact that it is divided into four parts and is 
surrounded by broad thoroughfares, and its general good 
construction, makes it a very excellent fire-risk. 

No. 12 represents a second square or building in Chicago. 
It is divided into eleven different buildings, separated in the 
most part one from the other. It has the same good points 
that mark the first building. In addition to the excellent 
construction and the broad streets upon which the buildings 
face, which are marked characteristics in Chicago, the law re- 
garding the erection of standpipes is to be commended. 
Buildings' of a certain number of stories and over a certain 
floor area are required to have permanently fixed on the out- 



60 City Document No. 12. 

side pipes of the requisite diameter with connections at each 
story, andiron ladders with balconies. It places the Chicago 
Fire Department in such a position that when they arrive at 
a fire they have, by means of this law, water-towers all ready 
for use and ladders fixed in position with which they can 
reach the top of any building. The good point of this per- 
manent pipe, with its connections for hose, is the fact that it 
means no extra expense for water to owners or occupants. 
The engines make connections from the bottom and supply 
the water from the public mains. 

Nos. 13 and 14 are representative buildings in New York 
City. The widths of the streets on plan No. 13 are 100, 75, 
and 60 feet respectively. The building in question is large, 
situated on a corner and divided into three parts with double 
iron doors, which help wonderfully to protect from the exten- 
sion of fire. The general construction is good ; the height, 
7 stories in two of the parts and 8 stories in the third 
division. 

No. 14 represents one business facing on two streets of 100 
feet in width and one of 60. It varies in stories from one 
to five, as shown by the marginal figures. One portion 
divided from the main building by brick walls is 9 stories 
high. General construction fair. 

The New York and Chicago buildings represent the busi- 
ness of one firm. 

Plans Nos. 15 and 16 take in squares of property in Boston 
and represent the, business of different firms ; yet in single 
instances they show larger unbroken areas and that lack of 
division brick walls which characterize Plans 11, 12, 13, and 
14. The narrowness of the streets with us is remarkable. 

In No. 15 the numbers round the edge designate the stories. 
The large floor areas which characterize some of the build- 
ings are extremely noticeable. 

Plan No. 16 takes in a little more than one block or square, 
and has all the points that handicap a fire department that 
you find in plan No. 15. „ 

The scale of all these plans being drawn 70 feet to the 
inch, it is comparatively easy, by actual measurement, to 
estimate the areas of the respective buildings; and it does 
not require any expert knowledge to see the advantages of 
one city over the other. 

The following table gives the largest areas of the buildings 
in the plans submitted : 

Large area building in London plan . None. 

Largest area building in New York plan 

(unbroken by partition) . . . 22,800 sq. feet. 



S T R E E T 



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BOSTON h 

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Plate No, 15, 



Fire Department. 61 

Largest area building in Chicago plan 

(unbroken by partition) . . . 24,300 sq. feet. 

Largest area building in Boston plan 

(unbroken by partition) . . . 52,000 " 

New York has buildings of larger area than those of which 
plans are submitted, but in many cases they are of fire-proof 
construction, and the same is true of Chicago. 

The laws governing explosives, petroleum, etc., in London 
are very exhaustive, and contain points which I recommend 
to the Boston commission's consideration. 

I gave some attention, as instructed by the Board, to the 
Metropolitan Buildings Act and the various laws governing- 
buildings in' London. I have also made a comparison be- 
tween them and the New York and Boston building acts. 

There are 550,000 to 600,000 buildings in London, none 
of which are of wood, and of this great number previous to 
1890 there were only two or three that violate the law and 
exceed a greater dimension than 216,000 cubic feet, or an 
area of about 3,600 feet to a floor if there are three stories 
60 X 60 X 20. One of these buildings is a large gas retort 
and one an electric-light company station, for the building 
of which special parliamentary sanction had to be obtained. 

Fancy in Boston our being obliged to go to Washington 
in order to obtain permission to build a large-area building ! 
The twenty-ninth section of the London County Council Act 
of 1890, which allows buildings used for one business of a 
non-inflammable nature (by special permission of the county 
council) to be built containing 450,000 cubic feet (this is a 
building of about 77 feet front by 77 feet deep by 77 feet 
high), has only permitted the erection of 15 warehouses. 
In other words, there are in London only three buildings, built 
by special permission of the English Parliament, larger than 
216,000 cubic feet, and only 15 which reach the maximum of 
450,000 feet. If under the London law a larger floor area 
than about 3,000 square feet is to be obtained, the building 
must be two stories or one story in height according to the 
area of the floor desired. 

If our American cities were built on this plan, what a 
"wonderful improvement there would be in our fire records ! 

London's advantage at present is that she has been reaping 
the benefit of excellent laws for years, while in New York 
and Boston they are in their infancy. 

It would be well to look into the portions of the law which 
cover tire-escapes, theatres, protection of light wires used in 
electricity, of which Boston takes no notice, and the legal 
portion, especially that which refers to the court decisions. 



62 City Document No. 12. 

The area of light wells is not allowed to go below 100 
square feet in London, and must be built of fire-proof ma- 
terial. In Boston and New York they are not limited, and 
as a result we have reached a very poor state of things in 
this direction. Many of our so-called light wells are so small 
that they are like flues of a chimney. 

The building laws of Boston at the present time resemble 
in many particular points those of London. They are to be 
commended in the main. Doubtless, during the next year 
or two, experience will show necessary changes that should 
be made, if it has not already done so, and our laws will 
be the perfect ones that a city of Boston's wealth and popu- 
lation demands. 

New ^ire-Alarm System in Paris. 

Paris is divided into 24 districts. Each district has a 
central station equipped with the necessary fire apparatus 
and a number of men, some of whom are qualified to operate 
the electrical apparatus. 

These central stations vary somewhat in the extent of their 
equipment, the more important of them being denominated 
"casernes," and the others "post centrals," the latter being 
located in the less important districts, and only having elec- 
trical connection with the fire-alarm boxes in their district 
and the caserne most convenient to them. 

There is one central station, which is the headquarters of 
the entire system. 

Each caserne is connected not only with its dependent 
post central station and some fire-boxes, but to the main 
central station. The system is operated by two methods. 
By the use of a double wire cable, connections are made 
between the several stations, and so arranged that when 
standing at rest a ground circuit is formed through a set of 
electro-magnetic apparatus located in the central stations, 
termed in "this system the "Morse Special." 

This apparatus is controlled by mechanical devices in the 
fire-alarm boxes, which are set in motion by the person 
giving the alarm. An inscription on the outside of each box 
says that he is simply to break the glass inserted in the 
centre of the door to ensure the desired result. The act of 
breaking the glass produces three results, viz. : The door is 
thrown open and a mechanical gong on the inside of it is set 
ringing in the same manner and for the same purpose as those 
of the keyless doors used in the Boston system. A bell in 
the central station is also set ringing, indicating to the men 
in charge that a call has been made for some box in their 



Fire Department. 63 

district. The mechanism of the box is also started automati- 
cally, a part of which consists of a wheel somewhat like that 
in the old district box abandoned in Boston years ago. 

The revolution of this wheel transmits to the central 
station a series of arbitrary signals, which are recorded on 
paper by a Morse register, and when translated by code, in- 
dicate the box from which they were sent. By a further 
action of the signal wheel the " Special Morse " circuit is 
opened, and a metallic circuit established through the tele- 
phones, which also form a part of the equipment of each fire- 
alarm box. 

On the inside of each fire-alarm box are displayed further 
instructions to the senders of alarms, to the effect that they 
shall immediately communicate to the central station, by 
means of the telephone, the location and character of the fire 
or other cause for which the call was given. The boxes con- 
tain no receivers, consequently the person sending a message 
has no means of knowing whether he has been correctly un- 
derstood. He is only informed by an inductive sound in his 
transmitter, made by the person at the central station, that a 
message has been received. In addition the central stations 
are equipped with a telephonic system, and are able to talk 
with any other central, or with the grand central, as occasion 
requires. 

On the receipt of an alarm, the party receiving it at the 
central makes such a disposition of the apparatus as the size 
of the fire may require, by calling upon the posts de ville or 
apparatus houses within his district. If in his judgment 
there should be additional apparatus sent, he calls on the 
main central for further instructions. The whole matter of 
moving the apparatus is performed with the telephones, no 
use being made of the special Morse service except that of 
indicating the signal-box from which the call was sent. If, 
however, the telephone service should fail, they then use 
their Morse apparatus to transmit their messages between 
the central stations. 

Notwithstanding the fact that their wires are so placed 
beneath the streets as to secure almost absolute safety to 
them (chiefly on account of the subways for sewers through 
which they pass being so admirably constructed, and be- 
cause no high-tension currents from other service are being 
discharged into the earth, as in the city of Boston), they 
take every precaution to avert or correct any faults that 
might occasionally become manifest. 

Their lines and stations are tested every day during the 
stormy periods of the winter season, and once a week at 
other times. 



64 City Document No. 12. 

This system, as here described, appears to be well 
contrived, carefully constructed, and is, no doubt, success- 
fully operated. While it is probably everything that a city 
like Paris requires, with its practically incombustible build- 
ings and broad avenues, it is evident that the tinder-boxes 
of Boston would have little chance for safety should a fire in 
any of them be allowed to have its way while the apparatus 
was being instructed to proceed to the spot by any such 
elaborate process. 

The system which we have inaugurated of having a tele- 
phone in connection with the tire-alarm boxes in Boston on 
special circuits, independent of those now in use, should be 
extended, and the idea of using telephones for sending in 
alarms of fire after the box has been operated should be 
thoroughly investigated. To have telephones in all boxes 
would be at least a useful auxiliary to the present Morse 
key, and it seems to me as if it could be made as reliable, if 
not more so. It would serve one purpose, that of minimiz- 
ing the danger of losing an alarm when more than one box 
is pulled at the same time for the same fire. 

The idea which is embodied in the Paris service of auto- 
matically sending in an alarm by the mere breaking of the 
glass should be adopted in the American fire-alarm box. 
Considerable time would be saved over the present system, 
which necessitates opening the box and then pulling down 
the hook before an alarm is sent. 

The time has come for using a telephonic system as an 
auxiliary, or even more than an auxiliary, to the present 
system in use in American fire-alarm departments. It is 
true that we use it in our covering system between our 
various houses, but we should go one step further and see 
if there is not an advantage to be gained from embodying it 
in our public fire-alarm system. 

All the above statements I have endeavored personally to 
verity. The plans of the fires and of the buildings in Lon- 
don are verified by competent men. The information re- 
orardino- London insurance has been obtained from managers 
in the business of high standing. I have every reason to 
believe that it is reliable. London is a great centre for the 
insurance business, not only of England, but of other coun- 
tries. The methods of carrying it on are admirable, and the 
desire on the part of the managers appears to be to obtain a 
fair profit on their investments. 

In Boston our heaviest losses — and we are no exception 
to the rule — have been from dangerous fire-risks, well 
known to insurance and fire men. It will be years before 
we will reap the benefit of good building laws. In the 



Fire Department. 65 

mean time, buildings of bud construction, which have been 
built in years past, should be specially marked, and every- 
thing done to minimize the danger from them in case of fire. 
They should be patrolled, together with the dangerous sec- 
tions of the city. 

The plan of the Board to strengthen the service, both in 
water-supply and apparatus, in the heart of the city should 
be carried out, and the suburbs of the city receive just what 
they require at the present time, and not what their possible 
needs will demand some years from now. 

The plan of fixed pipes with water connections, and iron 
ladders and balconies on dangerous buildings, should be con- 
sidered, and, if found advisable, their adoption compelled by 
law. 

Wires running near dangerous risks should be put under- 
ground, or where that cannot be done, run over the tops of 
the buildings. 

Cooperation on the part of our citizens with the authorities 
to bring about the same favorable conditions as exist in 
other great cities will aid materially to reduce the fire-risks 
of Boston. 

Respectfully, 

John R. Murphy. 



66 City Document No. 12. 



REPORT OF THE CITY ENGINEER ON TESTS 
OF ENGINES. 

Engineering Department, 50 City Hall. 

Mr. Robert G. Fitch, 

Chairman Board of Fire Commissioners : 

Dear Sir : In compliance with your request of Septem- 
ber 21, 1893, a series of tests have been made of the differ- 
ent types and sizes of the steam fire-engines in use in your 
department, for the purpose of determining, as nearly as 
practicable, their capacity and efficiency under the conditions 
actually occurring at fires. 

Incidentally, tests were made of the comparative efficiency 
of 21-inch and 3-inch fire-hose, of the discharging capacity of 
the fire-hydrants, and of the efficiency of the water-tower. 
The tests were made under the immediate supervision of 
Assist. -Eng. Dexter Brackett, and the method of conducting 
the tests was as follows : 

All of the tests were made at the Water Department yard 
on Albany street. The engines tested were connected with 
and drew their supply from a Post hydrant located in the 
yard, and connected with the 12-inch main in Albany street 
by an 8-inch main 240 feet in length. 

The water-pressure at the hydrant was about 42 lbs. when 
the engines were not drawing. 

The hydrant has an inside diameter of 6| inches, with three 
outlets for hose connection, two of 4|--inch diameter and one of 
2^-inch diameter, each outlet having an independent valve. 

"The steamers were connected with one of the 41-incb out- 
lets by means of the ordinary 4-inch suction-hose, and with 
one or two exceptions, of which special mention is made 
hereafter, all valves on the supply-main and hydrant were 
kept wide open during the trials. 

Frequent pressures were taken by means of a gauge con- 
nected with a piezometer which was coupled to the hydrant 
nozzle and to which the suction-hose was connected. 

All water used in the boilers was carefully weighed and 
the quantity checked by meter measurement. All coal used 
by each engine was weighed, but no attempt was made to 
obtain the amount of ashes or unburnt coal. All gauges used 
were carefully tested by means of a Crosby gauge tester and 
the readings corrected when necessary. The hose used was 
new Callahan jacket hose having nominal diameters of 21- 
and 3 inches, but the actual inside diameters were 2.65 and 
3.30 inches, 



Fire Department. 67 

The length of hose used during the tests was usually 500 
feet for each line except when using the large Siamese nozzle, 
in which case lines 200 feet in length were used. During 
some of the first tests made the lengths of the lines were 400 
feet. 

At the Lincoln-street tire the average length of the 71 
lines of hose used was 530 feet and at the Tremont Temple 
fire it was 500 feet. 

Standard smooth nozzles were used in all tests, with a 
single exception, when a test was made to show the compara- 
tive efficiency of smooth and ring 1 nozzles. The quantity of 
water discharged by the steamers was calculated from ob- 
servations of the pressure, made by means of gauges at- 
tached to piezometers at the base of the play pipes using the 
well-established formula deduced from the experiments of 
Mr. J. li. Freeman. The experiments of Mr. Freeman, 
which were made with great care and covering a great variety 
of patterns of nozzles as well as a large range of pressures, 
proved that by carefully conducted observations the dis- 
charge from any of the standard nozzles can be determined 
within one-half of one per cent. 

Careful measurements were made of the diameters of the 
nozzles, and in nozzles of the same nominal diameter there 
was found a variation of .014 of an inch. 

The engine tests were conducted in the following manner : 

Steam was first raised in the boiler to a pressure at which 
the engine could do practical service ; the fire was then 
drawn and a new fire started with weighed fuel. As soon as 
the steam pressure began to rise the engine was started, and 
run with, as nearly as possible, a uniform steam and water 
pressure. 

Changes in the conditions were made at periods of from 
fifteen to thirty minutes, either by changing the sizes of the 
nozzles, the steam pressure, or the length or size of the lines 
of hose, the object of the tests being to ascertain the quantity 
of water which each engine was capable of throwing upon a 
fire in continuous service, and not the quantity which might 
possibly be discharged through a short line of hose or an 
open butt for one or two minutes. 

Observations of the steam and water pressures at the en- 
gine were made every minute, and of the water pressure at 
the nozzles every thirty seconds. In the tables giving the 
results of the trials averages of these observations are given. 

All coal used under the boilers and all water fed to the 
boilers were carefully weighed. Pressures were taken on the 
supply-main at the base of the hydrant, on the 2^-inch out- 
let of the hydrant and at a piezometer attached to the 4£-inch 



68 City Document No. 12. 

outlet with which the suction-pipe from the engine was con- 
nected. 

These pressures were taken to show the loss of pressure by 
friction in the hydrant and the available pressure in the 
steamer suction. In the tests of Engines Nos. 27, D, 36, 
and 15 pressures were also taken at the suction chamber of 
the engine. 

Calorimetric measurements of the amount of moisture in 
the steam furnished by the different types of boilers were 
made on Engines No. 27, No. 15, and No. 23. 

Indicator cards were taken from the steam cylinders of 
Engine D and Engine No. 15. 

The number of revolutions made by the engines were 
electrically recorded by an instrument made by an employee 
of the Fire Department. 

Each revolution of the engine closed a circuit and was 
recorded on a paper tape. By the use of a stop watch the 
number of revolutions per minute was easily and accurately 
determined. 

In order to obtain information in regard to the effect of a 
hydrant supply as compared with drafting, tests were made 
of Engines No. 43 and No. 36 taking water from a large 
box which was floated in the dock alongside of the Water 
Department wharf. The box was supplied with fresh water 
from a hydrant in the yard. 

Tests have been made of Amoskeag engines of four sizes, 
three sizes of Clapp and Jones engines, and two sizes of en- 
gines of the Silsby pattern. These comprise the patterns 
and sizes of engines which are now in general use by the 
department. 

Table No. 1 gives the general dimensions of these engines, 
and the statements and tables appended to this report give 
in detail the results of all the trials. 



Fire Department. 



69 



Table No. 1. 



1. 


2. 


3. 


4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


9. 


io. 


11. 


Sttlk 
or 

Engine. 


d 

a 

o 

a 

& 
01 

Q 


6 
!s 

05 

M 

a 

3 


.a 
a 


o 

si a 
■s M 


T3 

vi a 
OS 
s-, >> 
at o 

a ° 

a -2 
fl 10 


bo 

° 3 

a a 


6 
M 
o 

fin 


o 
© 

w 0) o 

6°^ 


o 

a! 
5^ 


a 

a ' 

m £ 

*>£ 
.So 

o a 










Lbs. 


In. 


In. 


In. 


Gals. 


In. 


Sq. ft. 


Amoskeag . . 
Amoskeag . . 
Amoskeag . . 
Amoskeag . . 
Clapp & Jones 
Clapp & Jones 
Clapp & Jones 
Clapp & Jones 
Silsby .... 
Silsby .... 
Silsby .... 


36 
D 
14 

27 
43 
21 
7 
15 
42 
23 
33 


664 
619 
354 
415 
566 
567 
531 
2162 
2159 
976 
813 


1890 
1886 
1870 
1872 
1893 
1893 
1890 
1893 
1893 
1890 
1888 


6,950 
7,150 

7,085 

6,475 
6,940 
7,970 


6.136 

6.888 

7.662 

7.651 

6.988 

6.998 

8.50 

9.005 


4.005 

4.249 

4.40 

4.50 

4.376 

4.375 

5.00 

5.49 


S.00 
8.00 
7.90 
7.89 
7.00 
7.00 
7.00 
S.00 


498 
562 
594 
619 
525 
524 
691 
957 


31.5 

30.5 

31.75 

32.0 

29.5 

29.5 

32.0 

35.5 

32.5 

36.0 

36.0 


101. 

85. 
74. 
85.5 
86.0 
86.0 
112.0 
140.5 
174. 


7,625 










225. 










229. 















Engine No. 36. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 498 
gallons. Tested November 8, 1893. 

The engine was started at 1.14-40 P.M., with steam at 
60 lbs. 

From 1.14-40 P.M. until 2.29-30 P.M., or 74 minutes 50 
seconds, water was forced through two 500-foot lines of hose 
and discharged through two 1-|- inch nozzles. The steam 
pressure during the greater portion of this time was from 
60 to 80 lbs. and the average water pressure at the engine 
130.9 lbs., with a discharge of 562 gallons per minute. The 
engine was shut down for 4 minutes 35 seconds for the pur- 
pose of changing the size of nozzles and removing the 
strainer in the suction-pipe, as there was a loss of from 3 to 
4 lbs. pressure between the hydrant and the suction chamber 
of the pumps. The engine w T as then run for 42 minutes 35 
seconds with a steam pressure of 106.3 lbs., water pressure 
at the engine 128 lbs. with a disch.-irge of 579 gallons per 
minute through nozzles 1^-inch and 1^-inch diameters. 

After the removal of the suction strainer the pressure in 



70 City Document No. 12. 

the suction chamber of the engine was practically the same 
as at the hydrant. A run of 8 minutes 20 seconds was then 
made using 500 feet of 2|-inchhose with a ll-inch discharge 
nozzle, followed by a run of 16 minutes using the same length 
of 3-inch hose with a ll-inch nozzle. 

During the first run with a water pressure of 244.5 lbs. at 
the engine the average water pressure at the nozzle was 
82.5 lbs., while during the second run the water pressure at 
the engine was about 40 lbs. less, but 14 lbs. more at the 
nozzle. 

The engine was then stopped, the fire drawn, and the size 
of the two exhaust pipes reduced from 11-inch to l|-inch 
diameters by plugging with w 7 edges. The engine was again 
started at 3.58 P.M., pumping through two lines 500 feet of 
2^-inch hose connected by a Siamese coupling with a l|-inch 
nozzle. 

Under these conditions a water pressure of 147 lbs. at the 
engine was maintained for 9 minutes 15 seconds discharging 
564 gallons per minute. The 1^-inch nozzle was then re- 
placed by two nozzles, 1^-inch and 1^-inch diameters, and 
the engine run for 17 minutes 30 seconds with a water pres- 
sure of 136.4 lbs. at the engine discharging 596 gallons per 
minute. 

On November 14th a second trial of this engine was made, 
drafting the water, with a lift of from 10 to 12.5 feet instead 
of taking the supplv from the hydrant under a pressure of 
35 lbs. 

For 62 minutes 20 seconds water was thrown from two 11- 
inch nozzles through 500-foot lines of hose, with an average 
steam pressure of 90 lbs., water pressure at the engine 111.4 
lbs., at the nozzles 46.2 lbs., with a discharge of 512 gallons 
per minute. 

A 1^-inch nozzle was then substituted for one of the V s - 
inch nozzles and the engine run for 28 minutes, giving an 
average steam pressure of 78.5 lbs., water pressure at the 
engine 110.8 lbs., and at the nozzles 35 and 46 lbs., with a 
discharge of 512 gallons per minute. With two lines 
siamesed using a ll-inch nozzle a discharge of 575 gallons 
per minute was maintained for 9 minutes with a nozzle 
pressure of 65.7 lbs. 

A comparison of the two tests of this engine seems to in- 
dicate that with the same steam pressure the water pressure 
at the engine will vary directly as the hydrant or supply 
pressure is increased or diminished. 

On the first trial the openings through the grate were so 
large that a large quantity of coal was wasted and grates 
with smaller spaces between the bars were substituted before 
the second trial. 



Fire Department. 71 



Engine Relief D. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 562 gal- 
lons. Tested November 6, 1893. 

The engine was started at 1.23-40 P.M., and after running 
4 minutes with one 500-foot line of 2^-inch hose with a 
1^-inch nozzle a second 500-foot line with a l|-inch nozzle 
was added, and with the exception of one minute when one 
line was shut off to stop a leak at a coupling these conditions 
were continued for 89 minutes 20 seconds with an average 
steam pressure of 77.5 lbs., water pressure at engine 118.3 
lbs., and water pressures at nozzles 39 and 51.2 lbs., with a 
discharge of 561 gallons per minute. 

Three-inch hose was then substituted for 2^- inch hose on 
one of the lines and a run of 18^- minutes was made, using 
a 1^-inch nozzle on the 3-inch line and a l|-inch nozzle on 
the 2l-inch line. 

The 3-inch hose with the larger size nozzle gave the larger 
nozzle pressure and a discharge about 30 per cent greater 
than the same length of 2^-inch hose. From 3.16 to 3.26 
P.M. the nozzle on the 2|-inch hose gave the larger pressure, 
probably caused by the partial closing of a valve on the dis- 
charge of the 3-inch line. With a li-inch nozzle connected 
with a single line of 3-inch hose 500 feet in length the dis- 
charge was about 478 gallons, while the same nozzle siamesed 
from two 500-foot lines of 2 J, -inch hose gave a discharge of 
533 gallons per minute. 

With two 200-foot lines siamesed into a l|-inch nozzle a 
discharge of 674 gallons per minute, with a nozzle pressure 
of 51.7 lbs., was maintained for 8 minutes 5 seconds. 

Indicator cards showing the pressure in the steam cylin- 
ders were taken at intervals of about 10 minutes, and from 
these observations the followino; results have been deduced. 

Time. Revs. Total Horse Per cent of 

per indicated power, indicated 

P.M. min. horse pump horse 

power. measurement. power. 

1.35 312 29.35 26.0 88.6 

1.45 324 35.00 29.8 85.2 

1.55 318 34.26 30.0 87.5 

2.15 306 29.71 25.8 87.0 

2.25 303 28.88 24.9 86.3 

2.35 318 32.12 28.6 89.0 

2.43 350 42.43 26.1 61.5 

2.49 324 34.90 30.5 87.5 

3.14 322 26.50 25.8 97.3 

3.39 260 38.99 33.6 86.2 

4.00 306 34.24 32.5 95.0 



72 City Document No. 12. 



Engine No. 14. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 594 gal- 
lons. Tested October 25, 1893. 

From 1.15 to 1.52-30 P.M., or for 37 minutes 10 seconds, 
two lines of 2^-inch hose each 400 feet in length, with 11- 
inch nozzles, were used, with an average steam pressure of 

79.2 lbs., average water pressure at the engine 108.5 lbs., 
and at the nozzles 46.5 lbs., giving a discharge of 512 gallons 
per minute. By closing a gate on the supply main the press- 
ure at the hydrant was reduced from 38 to 18 lbs. for 12 
minutes with a reduction of 5 lbs. in the boiler pressure, and 
the water pressure at the engine was reduced 16 lbs. 

A run of 52 minutes was then made using two 400-foot 
lines of hose, with nozzles ]i- and 1| inches in diameter. 
Under these conditions the average steam pressure was 

78.3 lbs., water pressure at the engine 104.8 lbs., and the 
discharge 528 gallons per minute. With a single line of 
hose 600 feet in length, with a 11-inch nozzle, 325 gallons 
per minute were discharged. Two 500-foot lines of 2^-inch 
hose with Siamese coupling and a 1^-inch nozzle gave a 
pressure of 45 to 49 lbs. at the nozzle and a discharge of 
about 490 gallons per minute. 

Using two 200-foot lines of 2|-inch hose with a lf-inch 
nozzle, a discharge of between 575 and 600 gallons per min- 
ute was maintained for a short time, but the steam pressure 
could not be maintained while running at this speed. 

Engine No. 27. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 619 gal- 
lons. Tested October 24, 1893. 

The test was commenced at 1.23-30 P.M., using 1\ and 
1| inch nozzles with 500-foot lines of 2^-inch hose. 

These conditions were maintained for 41^ minutes, the 
average steam pressure during this time being 62.7 lbs., 
the water pressure at the engine 110.3 lbs., and at the nozzles 
34 and 43.2 lbs., with a discharge of 520 gallons per minute. 
A run of 37^ minutes was then made with the same lengths 
of hose and two l|-inch nozzles. Trouble was experienced 
in maintaining the steam pressure, and at 2.42-45 P.M. the 
engine was stopped for 6| minutes for the purpose of clean- 
ing; the fire. 

The engine was then run for 55| minutes, pumping 
through a single line of hose with a 1^-inch nozzle. Under 
these conditions the average steam pressure was 79.8 lbs., 



Fire Department. 73 

the water pressure at the engine 187.7 lbs., at the nozzle 
57.7 lbs., with a discharge of 356 gallons per minute. Two 
trials were then made using a If -inch nozzle siamesed from 
two 200-foot lines of 2^-inch hose. 

In both instances a discharge of 600 gallons per minute 
was maintained for a few minutes, but the steam pressure 
could not be maintained. As in the case of Engine No. 23, 
tested October 30, an examination showed that there were 
leaks around the tubes in the upper head of the boiler which 
cut off the draft. 

These were repaired and a second test was made on 
November 3, 1893. 

Second test of Engine 27. 

The engine was started at 1 .06 P.M. After pumping for 
19£ minutes through two 500-foot lines of 2^-inch hose with 
1^-inch nozzles discharging during the last 16£ minutes 587 
gallons per minute, a 1^-inch nozzle was substituted on one 
of the lines, and these conditions were maintained for an 
hour. 

At 2.12 P.M. a change was made in the fireman, and in 12 
minutes the pressure of steam dropped from 85 lbs. to 30 
lbs., necessitating the shutting off of one of the lines for 4 
minutes. 

Fireman No. 1 took charge of the fire and ran until 2.41 
P.M. 

At 2.39-30 P.M. 1^-inch nozzles were placed on both 
lines. 

After 2.41 P.M., Fireman No. 2 being in charge of the 
boiler, the steam pressure dropped from 80 to 20 lbs. in 9 
minutes and the engine was shut down. A change was 
again made in the fireman, and from 2.51-15 to 3.08-50 P.M. 
the average steam pressure was 104.7 lbs., the water pres- 
sure at the engine being 134 lbs., at the nozzles 40.7 lbs., 
with a discharge of 596 gallons per minute. 

Three-inch hose was then substituted for 2^-inch in one 
line, and a test was made which well illustrates the benefit 
derived from the use of the larger-sized hose. With hose of 
the same length and nozzles of the same diameter the pres- 
sure at the nozzle of the 3-inch hose was 15.7 lbs. greater 
than at the nozzle of the 2J-inch line, and the discharge was 
about 20 per cent, greater. 

This test was followed by a run of 161 minutes, using a 1£- 
inch nozzle siamesed from two 500-foot lines of 2^-inch 
hose. 

During this time 566 gallons per minute were discharged, 
and an average steam pressure of 75.5 lbs. was maintained. 



74 City Document No. 12. 

With a nozzle If inches in diameter connected with two 
2<>0-foot lines of 2^-inch hose a discharge of 700 gallons per 
minute was maintained for about 12 minutes, but the boiler 
would not continue to supply steam in sufficient quantity to 
maintain the speed required, which was from 340 to 360 
revolutions per minute. 

Calorimetric tests of the amount of moisture in the steam, 
made during the first trial of this engine, gave an average of 
1.63 per cent, moisture. 

Engine No. 43. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 525 
gallons. Tested October 20, 1893. 

The engine was started at 12.54 P.M., using two 400-foot 
lines of 2^-inch hose with 11-inch nozzles. At 1 P.M. a 
piezometer coupling attached to the discharge outlet on the 
steamer blew off and 4 minutes were lost in reconnecting 
hose. 

The engine was then run for 48 minutes with a steam pres- 
sure of 73.2 lbs., with water pressure at the engine of 115.7 
lbs., and at the nozzles 54.7 lbs. With the same lengths of 
hose and 11-inch and l^-inch nozzles a run of about an hour 
was then made. 

The lengths of the lines of hose was then increased from 
400 to 500 feet and two li-inch nozzles used for 26 minutes 
50 seconds, giving an average steam pressure of 75.2 lbs., 
w 7 ater pressure at the engine 122.5 lbs., and at the nozzles 
50.7 lbs., equal to a discharge of 536 gallons per minute. 
The test was finished with a run of 24 minutes using a 1^- 
inch ring nozzle on one line and a ll-inch smooth nozzle on 
the other. In this case the smaller nozzle discharged the 
greater quantity of water, although the nozzle pressure was 
greater at the ring than at the smooth nozzle. 

On November 16th a test was made to determine the 
capacity of this engine when drafting from a tank. The 
water was raised from 12.5 to 13.5 feet and delivered through 
500-foot lines of hose. Nozzles \\ inches in diameter were 
used during the run of 26 minutes 10 seconds, interrupted 
for 2 minutes 10 seconds by the breaking of an oil-cup con- 
nection on the steam-pipe. 

During the first half of the run the steam pressure was 
98.2 lbs., the water pressure at the engine 93.1 lbs., and at 
the nozzles 38.5 lbs., while during the latter portion of the 
run the steam pressure was 87.5 lbs., the water pressure at 
the engine 87.1 lbs., and at the nozzles 33.5 lbs. 

During the above tests the engine did not work smoothly 



Fire Department. 75 

nor efficiently, and it was discovered that air was leak- 
ing into the suction through the relief valve. After 
this had been stopped a 16-minute test was made with 
the same nozzles and lengths of hose, and with a steam pres- 
sure of 109.3 lbs., the water pressure at the engine was 116.5 
lbs., and at the nozzles 47.2 lbs., discharging 517 gallons 
per minute. With nozzles 1^ inch and 1| inch in diameter 
the results were as follows : average steam pressure 105.9 
lbs., water pressure at the engine 112.4 lbs., at the nozzles 
37.5 and 48.2 lbs., discharging 547 gallons per minute. 

With 1,000 feet of 21- inch hose and a ll-inch nozzle 60.2 
lbs. nozzle pressure was given, with a water pressure of 215.7 
lbs. at the engine. With the same length of hose and a 1^- 
inch nozzle, the nozzle pressure was 43 lbs. and the discharge 
308 gallons per minute. 

Engine No. 21 . 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 524 gal- 
lons. Tested JVovember 9, 1893. 

This engine is a duplicate of Engine No. 43. The first 
test was made with two lines of 2^-ineh hose each 500 feet 
in length, with nozzles 1^ and 1\ inches in diameter. For a 
few minutes a steam pressure of 100 lbs. was maintained, but 
it fell rapidly, and after a run of 14^ minutes one line was 
shut off for 3 minutes in order to raise the steam pressure. 
The second line was again let on and for 48 minutes 35 
seconds the average steam pressure was 89.4 lbs., the water 
pressure at the engine 124.7 lbs., with a discharge of 575 gal- 
lons per minute. Two 1| inch nozzles were then used for 
41 minutes, the average steam pressure being 90.7 lbs., the 
water pressure at the'engine 140.2 lbs., at the nozzles 60 lbs., 
with a discharge of 582 gallons per minute. A second trial 
of 24 minutes 10 seconds, using l±-inch and l|-inch nozzles, 
was then made, during which a very uniform steam pressure 
of 112 lbs. was maintained, giving a water pressure at the 
engine of 138 lbs. and a discharge of 607 gallons per minute. 
Three short runs were made using a 1^-inch nozzle ; in the 
first case 21-inch hose was used, in the second trial 3-inch 
hose fitted with a bushing of the size of 2|-inch couplings, 
in the third test 3-inch hose with 3-inch couplings. 

The tests resulted as follows : 





Steam 


Water 


Water 


Discharge 




pressure 


pressure 


pressure 


per 




in 


at 


at 


minute. 




boiler. 


engine. 


nozzle. 






Lbs. 


Lbs. 


Lbs. 


Gallons. 


24-inch hose .... 


107.9 


221.4 


75.5 


407 


3 " " 2^-inch couplings 


114.9 


219.5 


101.5 


472 


3 " " 3 " 


118.8 


217.5 


105.0 


479 



76 City Document No. 12. 

With two 500-foot lines of 21-inch hose siamesed into a 
l^-inch nozzle the average steam pressure during a run of 11 
minutes 25 seconds was 102.3 lbs., the water pressure at the 
engine being 152.8 lbs., and at the nozzle 68 lbs , with a dis- 
charge of 576 gallons per minute. 

Engine No. 7. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 691 gal- 
lons. Tested October 19, 1893. 

The engine was started at 1.26-20 P.M. and run until 

2 P.M. with a steam pressure of 51 lbs., water pressure at 
the engine 98.4 lbs., using two 400-foot lines of hose with 
l|-inch nozzles. 

The steam pressure was then raised to 70 lbs., and with 
the same conditions of hose and nozzles for 19 minutes the 
water pressure at the engine was 124.2 lbs., and at the 
nozzles 57 lbs. 

A 1^-inch nozzle was substituted on one line, and during 
a period of 24 minutes, with steam at 65.2 lbs., the water 
pressure was 119.6 lbs. at the engine and the discharge was 
581 gallons per minute. 

The steam pressure was then raised to 85 lbs., and for 45 
minutes an average water pressure of 147 lbs. was main- 
tained at the engine, giving a discharge of 640 gallons per 
minute. 

With a lf-inch nozzle, using two 200-foot lines of 2^-inch 
hose, a discharge of 725 gallons per minute was maintained 
for 9 minutes, and with a 2-inch nozzle the discharge for 
12 minutes was at the rate of 697 gallons per minute. 

Engine No. 15. 

Calculated capacity at 300 revolutions per minute 957 gal- 
lons. Tested November 13, 1893. 

This engine is a type of the largest capacity engines in 
use in the city. During the first test of 64 minutes 10 
seconds' duration three 500-foot lines of hose were used, two 
of them 2\ inches in diameter with l|-inch nozzles, and one 

3 inches in diameter with 1^-inch nozzle. 

With a steam pressure of 107.4 lbs., pressures of 53.5 lbs. 
were obtained at the 11-inch nozzles and 55.7 lbs. at the 
11-inch nozzle, giving a total discharge of 900 gallons per 
minute. 

The engine was shut down for 26 minutes to repair a 
broken boiler feed-pipe. Four lines were then attached, and 
with three 11-inch nozzles and one 1^-ineh nozzle the dis- 



Fire Department. 77 

charge was 978 gallons per minute. With three 200-foot 
lines of 2\ hose siamesed into a l|-inch nozzle, and a 500-foot 
line of 3-inch hose supplying a 1^-ineh nozzle, the average 
steam pressure for 11 minutes 50 seconds was 98.2 lbs., with 
the water pressure at the engine 96.6 lbs., giving a dis- 
charge of 1,022 gallons per minute. 

Three 200-foot lines of 2|-inch hose and one 450-foot 
line of 3-inch hose siamesed into a 2-inch nozzle gave for 12\ 
minutes, with a steam pressure of 95.3 lbs., a discharge of 
989 gallons per minute. Indicator cards showing the pres- 
sure in the steam cylinders were taken at frequent intervals, 
from which the horse power developed has been calculated. 



Mme. P.M. 


Revolutions 
per minute. 


1.38 


294 


1.48 


300 


1.57 


304 


2.05 


294 


2.20 


262 


2.27 


294 


3.00 


315 


3.09 


326 


3.14 


348 


3.21 


336 


3.27 


330 


3.45 


346 


3.50 


334 


4.10 


332 



Total indi- 
cated horse 
power. 


Horse power, 

pump 
measurement. 


Per cent, of 

indicated 

horse power. 


84.86 


64.9 


76.5 


84.15 


60.9 


72.4 


85.88 


60.9 


70.9 


Missed 






59.75 


41.2 


69.0 


83.21 


57.8 


69.4 


61.68 


40.2 


65.1 


79.46 


47.7 


60.0 


85.05 


47.6 


56.0 


85.98 


53.2 


61.9 


59.41 


43.9 


74.0 


83.90 


54.4 


64.9 


74.55 


46.3 


62.2 


84.31 


56.0 


66.4 



Calorimetric tests of the amount of moisture in the steam 
gave an average of 1.80 per cent, moisture. 

Engine No. 42. 
Tested October 26, 1893. 

For about one hour water was discharged from two 1^-inch 
nozzles, using 400-foot lines of 2|-inch hose. 

The averages for 50^- minutes were : steam pressure 78.9 
lbs., water pressure at engine 101.6 lbs., at the nozzles 46.5 
lbs., with a discharge of 515 gallons per minute. Substitut- 
ing a 1^-inch nozzle on one line a run of 37 minutes 50 
seconds, with an average steam pressure of 74.5 lbs., gave a 
water pressure at the engine of 102.2 lbs., at the nozzles 
38.0 and 48.5 lbs., with a discharge of 550 gallons per 
minute. With a 500-foot line of 3-inch hose with a l|-inch 
nozzle the water pressure at the engine for 9^- minutes was 



78 City Document No. 12. 

86.4 lbs., at the nozzle the pressure was 71 lbs., and the dis- 
charge 31)5 gallons per minute. With l|-inch nozzles, the 
same sizes used during the first test, but with one 3-inch and 
one 2^-inch line of hose, the lines being 100 feet longer than 
before, a 12-minute run gave an average steam pressure of 
71.2 lbs., water pressure at engine 96.8 lbs., and a discharge 
of 502 gallons per minute. 

Using a 1^-inch nozzle with 500 feet of 3-inch hose 441 
gallons per minute were discharged with a nozzle pressure 
of 40 lbs. 

With 500 feet of 2|--inch hose and a l|-inch nozzle the 
pressure at the nozzle was 48.5 lbs., giving a discharge of 327 
gallons per minute for 10 minutes. With the same length 
of 3-inch hose with same pressure at the engine the discharge 
was about 30 per cent, greater and the nozzle pressure 20 
lbs. more. 

The test concluded with a run of 11 minutes, using one 500- 
foot line of 2^-inch hose with a l^-inch nozzle, and one 500- 
foot line of 3-inch hose with a 1^-inch nozzle, and in this 
case the pressure at the l|-inch nozzle was 4 5 lbs. larger 
and the discharge 30 per cent, more than from the 2|-inch 
hose. 

Engine No. 23. 

Tested October 30, 1893. 

The first run was made using 500-foot lines of hose and 
11-inch nozzles. For 27^ minutes the average steam pressure 
was 72.8 lbs., water pressure at the engine 104.0 lbs., and at 
the nozzles 41.5 lbs., with a discharge of 484 gallons per 
minute. 

Run No. 2 with the same lines of hose, but with l|-inch 
and 1^-inch nozzles, gave for 37 minutes an average steam 
pressure of 55.2 lbs., water pressure at engine 86.4 lbs., 
nozzle pressures of 27.5 and 32.75 lbs., and a discharge of 
460 gallons per minute. 

During this run difficulty was experienced in maintaining 
the steam pressure, and at 2.26 P.M. one line of hose was 
shut off and for about 30 minutes one 500-foot line of 2A~ 
inch hose was used with 1^-inch nozzle. For 14£ minutes 
of this time the average steam pressure was 53.0 lbs. , water 
pressure at the engine 124.1 lbs., water pressure at the noz- 
zle39.75 lbs., and for the last 12^ minutes the average steam 
pressure was 65.4 lbs., water pressure at the engine 157.4 
lbs., and at the nozzle 51.25 lbs. 

Another attempt was made to use two lines with 1^ and 
1^ inch nozzles, but in 10 minutes the steam pressure 
dropped from 70 to 35 lbs., and the engine was shut down 



Fire Department. 79 

and the fire drawn from under the boiler. After washing 
out the tubes a new fire was built and another attempt made 
to run the engine under the same conditions, but the steam 
pressure could not be maintained above 60 lbs., and after 
running for 40 minutes the trial was ended. 

An examination and water-pressure test of the boiler made 
after the trial showed that there were leaks around the tubes 
in the upper head of the boiler. These leaks cut off the 
draft so that steam could not be made in sufficient quantity. 

These leaks were repaired and a second trial was made on 
November 1. 

2d Test of Engine 23. 

Two 500-foot lines of 2|-inch hose with nozzles 1| inch 
and 1^ inch in diameter were used. The engine ran for 49 
minutes, when it was disabled by the breaking of a small 
tooth in one of the rotary cams in the steam cylinder. 
During a period of 43J minutes the average steam pressure 
was 91.4 lbs., water pressure at the engine 136.6 lbs., and 
the discharge 590 gallons per minute. With the same con- 
ditions of hose and nozzles the steam pressure was from 35 
to 40 lbs. more than could be obtained at the previous trial. 



Tested October 3J, 1893. 

This engine was a duplicate of Engine No. 23. For 4 
minutes 40 seconds two 500-foot lines of 2^-inch hose with 
l-|-inch nozzles were used. The average steam pressure be- 
ing 88.4 lbs., water pressure at engine 139.69 lbs., and at 
the nozzles 60 lbs., discharging 582 gallons per minute. A 
1^-inch nozzle was then substituted on one line and for 21 
minutes, with the average steam pressure at 79.7 lbs., the 
water pressure at the engine was 141.1 lbs. and the dis- 
charge 612 gallons per minute. 

With 500-foot lines of hose and two 1^-inch nozzles an 
average steam pressure of 70.7 lbs. was kept up for 41^ 
minutes, divine- a water pressure of 127.6 lbs. at the engine 
and 42.5 lbs, at the nozzles, with a discharge of 611 gallons 

7 O O 

per minute. At 2.27-30 P.M. a coupling on the pump re- 
lief pipe broke and the test vvas interrupted for 17^ minutes 
while temporary repairs were being made. A run of 17 
minutes 20 seconds was then made with hose and nozzles the 
same as before the accident, the average steam pressure being 
78.9 lbs., water pressure at the engine 120.2 lbs., at the 
nozzles 40.2 lbs., with a discharge of 594 gallons per minute. 
Three-inch hose was then substituted for 2|-inch on one line 



80 City Document No. 12. 

and for 19^ minutes the average steam pressure was 82. G 
lbs., the water pressure at the engine 124.5 lbs. Although 
the nozzles were of the same size the gauge upon one showed 
a pressure 14.5 lbs. larger than the other and a discharge of 
14 per cent, greater in favor of the 3-inch hose. 

At 3.27-30 P.M. the engine suddenly stopped while run- 
ning at the rate of about 800 revolutions per minute, and 
on examination two of the teeth of the rotary steam-cam were 
found to be broken in a similar manner to those of Engine 
No. 23. 

Test of the Water-Tower. 

A test of the Hale Water-Tower was made on November 
17, water being supplied to the tower by Engines 15, 43, 
and Relief D. 

Water pressures were taken at the steamers, at piezom- 
eters attached to the hose connections on the tower, at a 
gauge connected with the supply-pipe at the base of the 
tower and at the nozzle. 

[n order to make the nozzle gauge accessible for taking 
the pressures, the tower was not raised, and in actual service 
the pressures at the base of the tower and at the steamers 
would be about 25 lbs. more than the figures given in the 
tables in order to obtain the same effective pressures at the 
nozzle. 

The trial developed the fact that there was a great loss of 
pressure due to the friction through the 3|-inch hose between 
the base of the tower and the nozzle. With a 2-inch nozzle 
discharging 1,000 gallons per minute with a pressure of 57 
lbs. at the nozzle a pressure of 107 lbs. was required at the 
base of the tower, and in some instances there was a friction 
loss of 80 lbs. between the base of the tower and the nozzle. 

Under these conditions an excessive pressure was required 
at the engines to give effective pressures at the tower 
nozzle. 

If we assume two engines each connected to the tower by 
two 300-foot lines of 2i-inch hose, a water pressure of 100 
lbs. at the engines would give a pressure of but 30 lbs. on the 
2-inch nozzle with the tower raised, and a discharge of 725 
gallons per minute. 

With a l|-inch nozzle the pressure would be about 40 lbs., 
with a discharge of 625 gallons per minute. 

An experiment was made to show the effect of connecting 
one line from a steamer to the tower with a second line 
supplying a ll-inch nozzle. The small differences between 
the pressures at the steamer and the piezometer connections 



Fire Department. 81 

at the tower show that the greater part of the amount 
pumped by the steamer was discharged from the 1^-inch 
nozzle. 

Changes are now being made in the tower to increase its 
efficiency, and it is proposed to make a second test alter the 
improvements have been made. 

The accompanying table gives the details of the test made 
on November 17. 

Capacity of Hydrants. 

During all the tests, except when drafting, the engines 
were attached to a Post hydrant which was located at the 
end of an 8-inch pipe, 240 feet long, connected with a 12-inch 
main in Albany street. 

The hydrant, as before described, had an inside diameter 
of 6§ inches, a 6-inch rubber valve, and three outlets for 
hose connections, each controlled by an independent valve. 
Two of these outlets were 4| inches, the other 2\- inches in 
diameter. 

Pressures were taken on the 8-inch pipe at the base of the 
hydrant and on a piezometer attached to the steamer suction, 
in order to determine the loss of pressure in passing through 
the hydrant. 

These experiments show that the friction loss in the hy- 
drant was 4 lbs. for a discharge of 500 gallons per minute 
and 16 lbs. for a discharge of 1,000 gallons, also that a large 
proportion of the total loss is in the outlet valve. 

During the trial of the water-tower, all three of the en- 
gines used were for a portion of the time connected with this 
Post hydrant, and the lowest pressure taken at the piezometer 
coupling was 20 lbs., showing that hydrants of this pattern 
will furnish an ample supply for three steamers. Owing to 
the lateness of the season, the experiments on the capacity 
of hydrants were not completed and no tests were made of 
the friction loss in the 2^-inch reducers which are used on 
the engine suctions. 

Friction in Hose. 

The experiments were not conducted with special reference 
to obtaining information on this point, but in general they 
confirm the more careful experiments made by Mr. John R. 
Freeman and reported in a paper presented by him to the 
American Society of Civil Engineers. 

Experiments were, however, made to show the comparative 
value of 2^-inch and 3-inch hose and the effect of using 21- 
inch couplings on the 3-inch hose. 



82 City Document No. 12. 

Table showing the comparative efficiency of 21-inch and 
3-inch hose. Lines in all cases 500 feet in length. 



Number 
of ex- 
periment. 


Diameter of 

discharge 

nozzles. 


Water 
At 
steamer. 


pressures in lbs. 

At nozzle. 
3-in. hose. 2J-in. hose. 


Discharge in gallons. 
3-in. hose. 2|-in. hose. 


1 


Uin. 


128.1 


55.0 


39.2 


347 


293 


2 


U in. 


124.5 


57.5 


43.0 


355 


307 


3 


Uin. 


96.8 


50.7 


38.5 


268 


234 


4 


Uin.) 
H in. f 


110.9 


44.0 


44.5 


311 


251 


5 


14 in. J 


90.4 


41.2 


36.7 


301 


228 


6 

7 


Uin. 
U in. 


217.5 
221.4 


105.0 


75.5 


479 \ 3 -\ n 
(.3-in 

407 


. hose. 

. couplings. 


8 
9 


Uin. 
li'in. 


219.5 
204.0 


101.5 
96.5 




472 jg; 11 ?- 

1 2£-in 
460 


hose, 
.couplings. 


10 


Uin. 


158.6 


71.0 




395 




11 


Uin. 


151.6 


68.2 




387 




12 


Uin. 


224.0 




74.7 




405 


13 


U in. 


157.4 




51.2 




335 


14 


Uin. 


151.1 




48.7 




327 


15 


Uin. 


124.1 




39.7 




295 



In the first three experiments given in the above table, two 
lines of hose each 500 feet in length were attached to a 
steamer, and nozzles of the same diameter attached to each 
line. 

With the same pressure at the steamer, the pressures at 
the nozzles on the 3-inch lines of hose were from 12 to 15 
lbs. greater than on the 2|~inch lines. In the fourth and 
fifth experiments, l-|-inch nozzles were used on the 3-inch 
hose and 11-inch nozzles on the 21-inch. It will be noticed 
that the effective pressure at the 11-inch nozzle on the 3-inch 
hose was as large as at the 1^-inch nozzle on the 21-inch hose, 
while the discharge from the nozzles on the 3- inch hose was 
between 20 and 25 per cent. more. 

A comparison of experiments 6 and 8 shows the effect 
of using 2l-inch couplings on 3-inch hose, and it will be 
noticed that with the same pressure at the engine, the nozzle 
pressure is about 5 lbs. less when using the 2^-inch coup- 
lings, or for a 500-foot line of hose about \ lb. loss at each 
2l-inch coupling when discharging 475 gallons per minute. 

The loss of pressure per 100 feet in the different sizes of 
hose is approximately as follows : 



2 £ in. hose 

3-in. hose, 2£-in. couplings 

3-in. hose, 3-in couplings 



250 gallons 


300 gallons 


per minute. 


per minute. 


13 lbs. 


18 lbs. 


8 lbs. 


10.7 lbs. 


8 lbs. 


10.5 lbs. 



Fire Department. 83 

The advantage of using 3-inch hose is illustrated by the 
following example : with a steamer using a line of hose 600 
feet in length, with a 1^-inch smooth nozzle discharging 
300 gallons per minute, a quantity none too large for the 
needs of the present fire-service, a water pressure of 150 lbs. 
at the steamer would be required if 2J-inch hose were used, 
while with 3-inch hose the same results would be attained 
with a pressure of 105 lbs. at the steamer. 

The advantage of the use of 2^-inch couplings would be 
that no time would be lost in attaching reducing couplings 
or in finding hose of the needed size, while the loss of pres- 
sure due to the 2^-inch couplings would be insignificant in 
ordinary use. 

Without doubt the 3-inch hose is not so easily handled on 
ladders or in buildings, but great benefit could be derived 
by using from 300 to 500 feet of 3-inch hose from the 
steamer, with one or two lengths of 2^-inch hose attached 
for the hoseman's use. 

General Results and Conclusions. 

The following tables, condensed from the tables giving 
the details of the tests, show, in a convenient form, the 
results obtainable from the different steamers tested. 

Table No. 2 gives the length of the trials, average steam 
and water pressure at the engine, the quantities pumped, 
coal used, water evaporated, etc. 

Table No. 3 gives the results obtained by each engine 
under different conditions of steam pressure, length of hose, 
diameter of nozzles, etc., with the time during which the 
engine was operated under those conditions. 

It will be seen from an inspection of column 9 of Table 
No. 2 and column 4 of Table No. 3, that engines Nos. 36, D, 
21, 43, and 15 equalled or exceeded their calculated capac- 
ity at 300 revolutions per minute for runs of from 35 to 89 
minutes, and that the average amount pumped per minute 
by Engines 21, 36, and 43, for the whole time while the 
pumps were working, was in excess of their calculated 
capacity. 

The tests also show that the smallest-size engines in use 
in the department are capable of delivering through 500- 
foot lines of hose two good fire streams, and that the large- 
size Clapp & Jones engines will deliver from 900 to 975 
gallons per minute, equal to three good 1^-inch streams. 

It must be remembered that in all cases the engines 
tested drew their water-supply from a hydrant under a 
pressure of from 30 to 40 lbs., and that the steamers of the 



84 Citt Document No. 12. 

same class would not be able to deliver as powerful streams 
if obliged to draft their supply. 

This statement is verified by the results of tests of En- 
gines 36 and 43. 

I wish to call your attention to the desirability of using 
two lines of hose with Siamese connections in cases where 
the steamers are so located that lines more than 500 feet in 
length are required to reach a fire, or where very powerful 
streams are needed. 

Take the case of Engines 36 or 21, the smallest size in 
use by the department, with a single line of 2|-inch hose 
800 feet long, a water pressure of 150 lbs. at the engine 
would give, with a ll-inch nozzle, a pressure of but 30 lbs. 
at the nozzle, while the same engine pressure, using two 
lines of the same length siamesed into a 50-foot line with a 
lf-inch nozzle, a nozzle pressure of 55 lbs. would be ob- 
tained. In the first case, the discharge would be about 250 
o-allons per minute, and the stream would not be effective 
above the third story, while in the latter case a stream dis- 
charging 425 gallons per minute would be available 80 feet 
above the ground. 

The results given in regard to the coal burned and water 
evaporated by the boilers confirms what was noticed during 
the trials, viz., that steam was more easily made and main- 
tained by the Clapp & Jones boilers than by those of the 
Amoskeag engines. 

The evaporation per pound of coal from and at 212 degrees 
varied from 2.26 lbs. in the case of Engine No. 36 to 5.87 
lbs. for Engine No. 43. 

The slip, or loss through the valves and pistons of the 
pumps, varied from 3 to 8 per cent, of the calculated dis- 
placement of the pump plungers. 

Engines Nos. 36 and 43 showed a loss of about 5 per cent, 
when taking their supply from the hydrant, and 8 per cent, 
when drafting. 

The question is sometimes raised as to whether the supply 
of water at the hydrants is sufficient for the supply of the 
steamers. 

It seems to me that the engineers would have more posi- 
tive information on this point, if a combined pressure and 
vacuum gauge were attached to the suction chamber of all 
engines. This plan has been adopted in Detroit with good 
results. 

The statements, which have been made on a previous 
page, in regard to the advantages of using 3-inch hose, are 
applicable in the consideration of the desirability of placing 
3 or 4 inch iron stand-pipes on the outside of all high build- 
ings for the use of the Fire Department. 



Fire Department. 85 

A considerable number of these pipes have been placed 
upon buildings by property owners, but they are not under 
the control of the Fire Department, are sometimes not 
furnished with proper hose connections, often are not put 
up in connection with fire-escapes, and are not as efficient 
an aid to the department as they should be. 

These stand-pipes should be erected under the supervision, 
and be placed under the inspection and control, of the Fire 
Department. 

The appended tables give full details of the experiments, 
and, as much care was taken to avoid errors in the obser- 
vations, it is thought that they will have much value for the 
purpose of comparison with future records of a similar 
character. 

I desire to extend my thanks to the members of the Fire 
Department, who have given me many valuable suggestions 
and great assistance during the progress of the trials. 

Yours respectfully, 

William Jackson, 

City Engineer. 



HALE WATU1S TOWEK, NO. 



TESTED NOVEMBER 17, 1803. 



















Sal, 


" 3fc 


a 








Engine Nu 


15. GUPF St JONSB. 














Enhine D. 












Engine No. 43. C'lapp & Jones. 




\V*TEIl-T<»WEB. 








Eiperiuienl 

Ended. 


Elapsed 
Time. 


£ £ 
B= 


a 1 


|h 


Line No. 1. 


Line No. 2. 


Line No. 3. 


Line No. 4. 


■ 


£H 


J 


Line No. 5. 


Line No. 6. 


a| 


£W 


l'l 


Line No. 7. 


I.INE SO, V 


Lbs. 


| 

5 


SB 






Feet. 


£ Z 
Lbs. 


Feet. 


go 


J-' 
Feet. 


gc 


si 


Lbs. 


J cl 
Feel 


is 

£ Z 


a 

Itiehes. 


l.l.s. 


5 - 

Oalls. 


Feel. 


go 


Feet 


- : 

a. 


B 


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Gillie. 


Fl , 1 


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1 


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Lbs. 


Lbs. 


Fee,. 


l.bs. 


1A.». 








Lbs. 


„„,,. 


I,,,,.. 


b*. 




4 2 
44 


30 


10 


47 


10 


2 


40 








22.0 
115.5 






























































03 8 


2 00 


III ,1 




10 


102.G 




200 












200 


08.2 




















747 


IK 

in 


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4'.l 


111 


III 
III 


41) 
54 




1 

5 


r.ii 








111 - 


IOC. 2 




200 


llll. 7 










200 


02.5 










































0,4 






7..1 


III 
HI 
M 
II 


54 

7.4 

In 
15 

14 


30 

50 

50 


10 

11 
11 
11 
II 
11 
11 
11 
11 


54 

Hi 
r. 

IS 

l'i: 
27, 
J7 
27 
11) 


mi 

-,n 
.mi 

in 


5 
10 

5 
2 

2 
2 

1 


mi 
10 









1 1 7, 5 
IOC 7 
si;.:; 
82 .' 
90.8 
113 7 
114.0 
80.0 


110 2 
137.0 
111.2 
115.2 
13S.G 
158.7 

mi 7 
120.7 


298 

287 
2!li; 
274 

2711 

.'HI 


2 
2 


ID 
10 

00 

III 


01.7 

87.(1 
81.0 


2110 
21 10 
200 
200 
200 
2110 
200 
200 


88.4 
83.1 
71.0 
82.8 

71 1 

51.7 


200 
200 

200 
200 
200 

21 in 
200 
21 ID 


89.2 
83.1 
72.0 
82.0 
70.2 

52 ii 

linn 


200 
200 
200 


84.5 










































mi 
34 7, 

si, 1 
111 7 

,12 1 

58 7 

7,1, I 
85 


2 nu 
2.011 
LM,.I 
2 nil 
2.00 

2 , i, i 
2.00 
LMill 
2.00 

2 nil 


■ 
47, I 
4 7. 7 
(.' - 
114.1 
,1, 
I.l i, 

l'l 2 






































































































40 

0,-. 


29.1 


II 
















































:; 






















2.-.0 




1.131 


411.2 


21 ; 7 


7,1111 




1DS.7. 


99.1 




MOD 




1.141 


in 8 


274 


,1111 


104.1 


mil 




10 






is 




2 










M7.r, 


I0.-..2 










200 


107.9 


L'i III 








85.0 


.,.;.ii 


2111 


25(1 




1.131 


i;l 11 


.1117, 


500 


1011 1 


110.0 


117 II 


230 


llllll 




111 


(11. 1 


302 


S. Ill 




102 


2 nil 


7.1.2 


117.2 


■ 


18 

21 


30 




21 
30 


.in 


II 
8 


mi 
:10 


27 II 
25.5 


29 7. 


20.2 

24.1 


112.0 

109.0 


ills :, 
I71.il 


24C 
240 








200 

21 III 


112 11 
III! 7, 


200 

200 


112.8 

MS.O 


... 




85.0 

S7.I 


1112.'.' 


270 


27,0 

27,11 




l.llll 
1.131 


08.0 

711 1 


310 

ills 


7,111. 


114. 7. 
117 7. 


11 l'i 7. 
111111 


122.11 
1411 2 


268 


Him 
300 




1 141 
1.111 


112 il 

70.0 


nu.-, 

1124 


SI ,1 1 


115.11 
1 15 7 


II IS. 7, 
114 


2 nu 
2.00 


7.4 n 
59 -' 


.,-; 








1,022 










30 


50 




,-,ii 


24.1 


27 ii 


211.1 


115.5 


181 2 










21 ID 


113.2 


200 


1 12.0 






llll ll 


llll D 




2.MI 




1.131 


,11 II 


1127. 




1211.7. 


105.0 


150.1 


298 


mm 




1.141 


74.1 


.1.1 1 


8,m 


IIS 2 


MIL 


2 1 Ii 1 


...' ■' 


1,117.4 




30 


:,ii 




38 


mi 


7 


40 


27.1) 


28.3 


20 - 


109 2 


1511.2 






llll 


lls.i; 










21 in 


lis ll 


83.4 


III.", .-, 


254 


27.0 




l.llll 


72.7 


1121 


500 


122 11 


108.1 


lis 11 


292 


300 




1 141 


72 .1 


329 


-nil 


1 111.7 


119.1 


2.00 


mi i 


1. 117.11 




3* 


30 




411 




1 


30 








llll :. 


175.7 






llll 


117 1 










2IID 


117.) 


S2 :. 


110.5 




250 




l.llll 


7H.7, 


1 


7,1111 


lis II 


in; 7 


181.1 














Mill 


115.2 


I2'l 


2 nil 


- 


1,1112 




40 






41 




1 




211.1 


31.9 


32.2 


110.5 


lss.2 






II) 


154.0 










2110 


154.2 


s7.ll 
















5111) 


?,. =' ; i 


105 D 


230 1 
















SA 


150.0 


2. nn 


78 i' 


1.1711 




41 

42 

41; 

4'J 


60 

30 




41' 
40 
41) 
50 


50 
30 

mi 


1 
4 

2 
1 


:,ii 
Hi 


24.0 

42.1 
21). 1 


12.1 


23 i; 
42.3 

27 2 


93.fi 
101.5 


1711 2 
1411 2 






-III 
llll 


104.0 










21 ID 


163 2 

llll :. 


84.fi 

7S s 

mi. ii 
90.0 


124.3 




250 




1.259 


7.11 ll 
19.9 


1140 

211) 


.-.no 

51)0 


100.9 


111.7 
93.(1 
47.2 


247.. 1 
181.1 

ill) 1 














300 
800 


110.7 
311.4 


mill 
mi.. 

ia 


2 llll 

2 nn 

2 279 


47.2 
20.0 


11,11 


i 




lliii. 
300 




1 2(13 
1 2113 


52 'i 
25.8 


Ills 
244 


H.-7 




















250 




1. 27.11 


,11 




50 


III! 




-,i; 




5 


in 


26 i; 


."i .-, 


28 2 


in.:. 


1011.0 






III 


85.2 


2011 


87.5 


21 ID 


SS.7 


L'i ID 


89.0 


117.0 


108.7 




27,11 




I.L'.-.D 


44.1 


llll) 


501) 


89 .: 


2119 


i. ■ 1 




300 




1.203 


21 ll 


2111 


Mill 


7.11.1 


- 


2.279 


L'i S 


1,11.111 




1(1 






57 
















11)2.0 






00 


89.1 


200 
















































SDD 


-7 ' 


Ml . 


2.2711 


'III 1 












:.s 


llll 


l 


mi 


33.1 


340 


33.2 


97.5 


122.7 


26(1 




DO 


103.1 


200 


99.7 


200 


104.7 


21 III 


102.8 


03. 2 


109 D 




250 




1 27.11 


411.3 


332 


500 


103 7. 


36.5 
















S ,ll 


114.7 


hid r. 


2.271. 


."., 2 


in". 














































* 


'' 1.42 


M 1,. 1 II 


30 I' M 


I,.-, 1,1.1 -1 I.ImI III 


Bliut dowi 







































HALE WATEK TOW UK, NO. 



TESTED NOVEMBER 17, 1S03. — Continued. 



H. Mill. Sec. Miu. r Sec.: Lhs. I.i.j. 

32.1 34.0 

30.1 31.3 

20.1 24.ii 

26.1 28 



42.5 



34.2 

2!' 7 
23.1 
24.1 



34.1 
33.0 



35.0 
35.0 



35 1 : 
36.1 30.0 



34.2 
34.2 



200 113.2 
20" 109.1 



128.2 
144.0 



107.4 
109.0 



L09.7 
110.1 
123.3 
123.9 



05.2 

82.5 
82.0 
90.0 





... 



212.0 
122 :. 



113.0 
148.6 
147.2 
142.1; 
140 4 
140 2 
183 5 
174 II 
177. II 



IJi. 



117.0 
114.0 
113.9 

127.4 
102.2 
52.11 
(8 -' 



11" ii 
ISO.'.! 
109.0 
I 18.5 



850 


lis Ii 


350 


89.7 


350 


91.1 


350 


"0.0 


3.-.U 


49.5 








74.5 
107.2 

90.0 
117.11 
105.7 
110 
110.5 



121.0 
116.0 

113.0 
108 :: 
91.5 



112.5 
100.0 



Clait .V JOJCES. 



151.3 
145.1 
150.1 
140.1 
135.1 



99.1 

140.1 
145.1 



168.5 
145.1 
155.S 
152.4 
192.6 
207.6 
190.1 
109.1 
99.1 



WiTER-Tow^B 



s" 9 
90.8 
102 ii 



1 263 50 3 
1 203 
1.263 
1.208 
1.203 



116.7 




1111.2 




114 G 




1 1 s 




115 1 




89 1 




87 




50 3 




45.4 




4:'. 





95 3 

98 ii 



44.2 
[08 ii 



118.1 

117 ;; 



114 ii 
107.7 



G3.8 


383 


800 


1 S9 v 


12;::; 


59 6 


370 


son 


119.7 


96.0 


60.6 


.17.: 


800 


76.2 


46.2 




358 


800 


45.2 


44.0 


52 2 


346 


800 


45 ii 


in 



114 G 

in.; 









35 












200 


51 7 


;,ii 




200 


49.2 


in 









" 


" 


Inches. Lbs. 




2.27" 41.4 


1,212 


2 27" ::.- i 


1,109 



2 27" 4" 1 
2 2 7" 15.0 



2.270 14U 


2 27" 28 J 


2.279 32.5 


2 27!' 33.9 



1,265 



2 01 


20 5 






56 4 


• 


2.00 


61.2 


1,039 


2 00 


01.4 


1 040 




51 2 


979 


S.OO 


00 2 


1,030 


2.00 


58 


1,013 



HALE WATER TOWEK, NO. 2. TESTED NOVEMBER 17, 1 893. -Concluded. 



Km. ink No. Jr.. Cl.ut S: Jone- 



H. Miu. >■ '■- Mm ><■■ I.1-. 



LINE No. 1. Line No. 2. Line No. 3. Line No. 4. 



Feet. Lbs. Feel. Lb 



3 


20 




.". 


3 


21 




1 


3 


22 




1 


3 


29 


20 


' 



• 30 38.1 (0.0 39.8 



41.1 42 1 42. : 
42.1 42.1 4:':: 



20 3D. 4 36 : 34 - 



411 40.0 41.3 

::- l 11 .1 41.3 



1 


80 


7 


30 


1 


10 


1 


50 




30 



8.8 40.8 40.6 
0.1 38.0 88.3 



! 35 35 ! 







4 


OS 


3 




3 




4 


01 


40 1 


4u . . . 


i 


40 


4 


06 


1 


20 


on 




4 


UN 


.. 2 






81.0 
110.5 
1,0.5 

in; >i 

107 5 



Feet. LbB. Fuel. Lbe. Lba 



90.0 


200 


87 1 


121.8 


200 


121.1 


1IM.0 


200 


162 i; 


105 11 


200 


103.9 


101.1 


200 


103 :i 


07.2 


200 


97.4 


66.0 


200 


69.6 



ESOINE D. AJI 



1-1n(.t.v i: N'ii i .. i i . , 



87 G 

I -7 7 



Feet. Li.-. [i, 

200 42.9 . . 



50 4.1.3 120 



350 02.0 

350 58 : 



I..- Inches. 



i-g 


II 


la 


5 - 


I be, 


a ,[!. 








250 45 1 
309 250 62 9 



p 


I 


s 


5 










Lbe. 


Ioebee. 


1.1.--. 


G»U». 














4 1 6 


2.00 


21.4 
12.4 


016 
167 




i - 


19.0 


125 



' - 


19.0 


125 




35.4 




1 752 


41.1 


2 


1 752 


35.1 


571 


1.752 


15.4 


380 









1.752 


15 .: 


1.752 


i'- : 


1.752 


.in 6 


1.752 


59 .-i 


1.752 


: j 


1.752 


95.5 


1 762 


80 .' 


1.752 


70.0 


752 


■ - 2 


1 752 


- 



59.5 


1.752 


74.5 


1 762 


77.11 


1.752 



Fire Department. 



87 







TJ J 








































S 5 " a) 3 




co 


CO 


^n 


CO 


o 


rH 


■* 


■* 


to 


o 


o 


CO 


7-t 


CO t- 


















CN 




00 












01 


Tf CO 
















** 










en 


o> 










1-1 


KH 










































































Op. p. 






































fl » 








o 




o 


O 


o 


o 


c 


O 


3 


o 


Cj 


© © 








































--go 

= g °©o 

/^ o 2 


















-r 




































































IN 




CO 




o 


en 






en i 














□0 


10 




•- 


o> 


CO 


























































































© 


-f 


00 


IA 


'~ 


CO 


t ~ 


t " 


1^ 






en 










S en 








































ii • o o *-. 

a> P-" t. IN 






f_ 




^. 




IN 


CO 


o 


en 


CO 


CO 


ie> 


,_, 










©9 


Wat 

Eva 

per 

Coal f 

and at 




en 


00 


oo 


»o 


** 


CI 


fc- 


rH 


t^ 


















H 


hj 


-* 


»o 


cq 


CO 


■* 


•<«< 


CO 


"* 


en 


en 


en 


CO 


CO 


















































T3 
















































































Wate 
vapoi 
ser lb 
Coal 


















CO 




CO 


en 




CO 












A 


-* 


— 




CO 
(N 


CO 


»T3 

CO 


CO 


co 


en 
en 


en 
en 




en 


en 












H 








































Total 
Water 
Evapo- 
rated. 












3 




lO 


en 


en 


CO 


o 


CO 


00 


























o 




t— 


















rH 


05 


r-i 






o 


-. 




en 


en 


















H 


>o 


*a 


-p 


CO 


CO 


oi 


lO 


en 


CO 


*a 


-o 


CO 


00 
































-K 




o 


CO 




:- 


-« 






*S'S 




















CO 


CO 


CO 


o 




ce 


© 




© 


,P 


■* 


o 


t- 


o 


CO 


00 


t- 


--; 








rH 










rH 


E-iOg 


hH 








IN 










en 


ei 


CN 


CI 


en 






















































































Avera 
Quanti 
Pump 
per 
Minut 
















CN 


^i 


U0 


io 


en 


CO 


o 


cr 


© 












































lO 


U3 


"* 


T|l 


-tf 


-r 


in 


o 


ia 


lO 


*a 


"1 


en 










o 




































«'S5 


a 






^ 
























CO 






























01 
















































£ii 






































c3 

O 






































00 


<o 




00 


-* 


CO 


on 


o 


00 




en 






CO 






Can 


















I-H 








1-1 










a> o> .• 






































Averag 

Water 

Pressui 

at 
Steame 




en 


CO 






in 






CO 




CO 


en 


o 


oo 


e 


en 


















CN 




CO 


00 


CO 


CO 


CO 


en 


-t 














CO 






1 


CN 


01 





















i-l 




































a> ai 






































60 « t. 
a = 3 












































































































so 


0) a> tn 


►J 


to 






t- 




If3 


t- 




00 




en 


en 


o 


o- 


© 

rH 






Length of 

Time Pumps 

Running. 


•spuooog 


o 


© 


lO 


ie> 
id 


© 


IQ 


as 

CO 




5 


o 
■^ 


•* 


>a 




3 


© 




U3 


•sajnuij^ 


to 


IN 


o 

CO 


a 
o 


Iffl 


00 




en 


en 

o 


CO 


3 


CO 

o 


CO 

en 


E 


© 






•g.inou 


en 


N 


en 


(N 


IN 


- 1 


CN 




en 


en 


en 


CO 


en 





^ 








•spaooag 


o 


o 


o 


O 


O 


.n 




o 




o 


o 


o 


© 


O 


© 




•* 


a 
_o 

go 5 


-* 


CO 


1-1 


CO 


CO 


-c 




CO 




CO 


^ 




1-1 




en 




•S3;na[j^ 


uo 


iO 


U0 


s 


CO 


en 


© 

CN 


en 

>o 


o 


en 


en 


CO 

en 


© 


o 


CO 






3 Eh 
ft 




































•s.inoH 


en 


IN 


IN 


CO 


IN 


- 


en 




CO 


en 


CO 


CO 


CO 


01 


rt 




W 


•o^i iNarexavdaQ 


t- 


CO 

rjl 


en 


■H. 


CN 


CO 
Ol 


CO 
CO 


CO 

en 


en 


A 


CO 

CO 


en 


ie> 


© 

CO 


CO 

-* 










a> 






















o> 






a) 






DC 


55 


a 
o 

1-5 


= 


01) 

a 












M 






a 
o 

rj 


s 


S 1 § 




Sn 


55 


<i>i 




M 


: 












- 


s 


da 

p. 




- 


da 

p. 






W 




- 


a 






I 


5 


S 


a 






p. 


- 


£ 












O 




<1 




m 








<4 






o 




<J 


o 






a 


H 


o> 


o 


** 


■n' 


to 
















CO 


-* 


© 






f ft 






en 


-l 


en 


CO 


CO 






















^ ° 


H 

Eh 




































A 


4* 












_ 


> 










„ 


M 


„ 














































O 














'A 



















88 



City Document No. 12. 



TABLE No. 3. 



1. 


2. 


3. 


4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 


6 
to 
a 
g 

3 


Cal. 
Capacity 
at 300 
Revo- 
lutions. 


Time. 


Total 

Discbarge 

per 

Minute. 


0) 

a 

3 

o 

d 

to 


Lenath 

of 
Lines. 


Diameter 

of 
Nozzle. 


Discharge 

per 

Minute 

each 
Nozzle. 


Average 
Steam 

Pressure 

in 
Boiler. 


Average 
Water 
Pressure 

at 
Engine. 




Gallons. 


Min 


Sec. 


Gallons. 


Feet. 


Inches. 


Gallons. 


Pounds. 


Pounds. 


36 

36 

36 
36 
36 
36 


498 

498 

498 
498 
498 
498 


74 

42 

IT 
16 
9 
8 


50 
35 
30 

15 

20 


562 

579 

596 
460 
564 
425 


2 

2 

2 
1 
2 
1 


1 500 
j 500 

I 500 
| 500 

I 500 
j 500 

*500 

I 500 
| 500 

500 


li 

n 
i| 

ii 

H 

Siamesed 


281 I 
281 j 

278 ) 
301 ( 

310 > 
286 . ( 


70.0 

106.3 

123.7 
100.7 
103.3 
111.4 


130.9 

128.0 

136.4 
204.3 
147.1 
244.5 



498 
498 



62 j 20 

28 I . . 

15 j 05 

9 . . 



Drafting prom Tank. 
14 



532 
379 
575 



500 
500 



500 
500 



500 
500 



Siamesed 
H 



256 
256 



90.0 

78.5 
112.0 
123.6 



D 


562 


D 


562 


D 


562 


D 


562 


D 


562 



562 
478 
533 

674 
353 



500 
500 



*500 
500 



500 
500 



200 
200 



Siamesed 



Siamesed 
II 



77.5 

72.6 

87.6 
80.0 

75.3 
88.3 



14 


594 


52 




528 


2 


( 400 
/ 400 


1* 

14 


278 ) 
250 j 


78.3 


104.8 


14 


594 


37 


10 


512 


2 


( 400 
1 400. 


11 I' 


256 i 
256 j 


79.2 


108.5 


14 


594 


24 


50 


325 


1 


600 


n 




82.9 


178.4 


14 


594 


13 


30 


495 


2 


I 500 
j 500 


Siamesed 


::::! 


78.2 


122.2 


14 


594 


12 




466 


2 


I 400 
j 400 


14 

14 


233 I 
233 | 


74.0 


92.6 



* Three-inch hose. 



Fire Department. 

Table No. 3. — Continued. 



89 



1. 


2. 


3. 


4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 


6 

H 


Cal. 
Capacity 
at 300 
Revo- 
lutions. 


Time. 


Total 

Discharge 

per 

Minute. 


CD 

a 

o 
6 


Length 

of 
Lines. 


Diameter 

of 
Nozzle. 


Discharge 

per 

Minute 

each 
Nozzle. 


Average 
Steam 

Pressure 

in 
Boiler. 


Average 
Water 
Pressure 

at 
Engine. 


S 


Gallons. 


Min 


Sec. 


Gallons. 


Feet. 


Inches. 


Gallons. 


Pounds. 


Pounds. 


14 


594 


9 


30 


427 


2 


1 400 
\ 400 




213.5 j 
213.5 \ 


67.8 


67.4 


14 


594 


7 




5S0 


2 


\ 200 
i 200 


Siamesed 
IS 


::::! 


63.5 


80.7 


14 


594 


6 


iS 


460 


2 


j 450 
| 550 


Siamesed 


. . . . ) 

. . . . ) 


62.6 


107.3 


14 


594 


4 


30 


506 


2 


I 400 
\ 400 


li 
i§ 


253 ( 
253 i 


52.8 


109.7 


14 


594 


3 


15 


477 


2 


\ 500 
1 500 


Siamesed 
1J 


: : : : 1 


69.0 


116.4 


14 


594 


3 




575 


2 


< 200 
} 200 


Siamesed 


::::! 


45.0 


so.o 



619 

619 

619 
619 
619 



55 


45 


41 


30 


37 


30 


15 


20 


6 





356 
520 

496 

687 

607 



First Trial. 
II 



1 


500 


2 


( 500 
j 500 


2 


( 500 
) 500 


2 


I 200 
I 200 


2 


( 200 
1 200 



Siamesed 
li 



Siamesed 
IS 



273 

247 



248 

248 



79.8 

62.7 

70.4 
84.5 
86.7 



116.7 
110.3 

110.8 

119.5 



619 
619 
619 
619 
619 
619 
619 
616 



41 


10 


18 




17 


35 


16 


30 


16 


20 


11 


50 


11 


20 


7 


20 



594 
640 
596 
587 
566 
609 
604 
576 



Second Trial. 
II 



2 


\ 500 
i 500 


2 


) *500 

I 500 


2 


j 500 
( 500 


2 


J 500 
I 500 


2 


( 500 
) 500 


2 


I 500 

\ 500 


2 


( 500 
( 500 


2 


I 500 
| 500 



Siamesed 
H 



285 
309 



347 
293 



293.5 
293.5 



292 
317 



290 
314 



78.7 
82.0 
104.7 
97.5 
75.5 
93.3 
72.5 
79.4 



142.7 
128.1 
134.0 
148.4 
154.7 
147.8 
147.1 
131.3 



* Three-inch hose. 



90 



City Document No. 12. 



Table No. 3. — Continued. 



1. 


2. 


3. 


4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 


6 


Cal. 
Capacity 
at 300 ' 
Revo- 
lutions. 


Time. 


Total 

Discharge 

per 

Minute. 


a 
a 

3 

o 
6 


Length 

of 
Lines. 


Diameter 

of 
Nozzle. 


Discharge 

per 

Minute 

each 
Nozzle. 


Average 
Steam 

Pressure 

in 
Boiler. 


Average 

Water 

Pressure 

at 
Engine. 


as 

S5 


Gallons. 


Min 


Sec. 


Gallons. 


Feet. 


Inches. 


Gallons. 


Pounds. 


Pounds. 


43 
43 
43 
43 


525 
525 
525 
525 


57 
48 
26 
20 


30 

50 
10 


577 
556 
536 
535 


2 
2 
2 
2 


J 400 
| 400 

t 400 
1 400 

I 500 
/ 500 

t 500 
| 500 


11 

n 

i* 
n 

ii 

li 

lJRing 

H 


303 I 
274 | 

278 ) 
278 | 

268 f 
268 ( 

263 > 
272 i 


70.8 
73.2 
75.2 
72.9 


116.7 
115.7 
122.5 
133.5 



43 


525 


43 


525 


43 


525 


43 


525 


43 


525 



524 
524 
524 
524 



524 
524 
524 
524 
524 



16 




13 


50 


12 


40 


11 


20 


3 


45 



48 


35 


41 




24 


10 


11 


25 


10 


45 


8 


15 


8 


10 


7 


30 


5 


10 


3 


40 



517 

547 

435 

467 
304 

575 
582 
607 
576 



472 
407 
479 

277 
294 



Drafting from Tank. 
li 



2 


( 500 
| 500 


2 


I 500 
( 500 


2 


( 500 

I 500 


2 


( 500 
\ 500 


1 


1,000 



258.5 ) 
258.5 ( 



261 

286 



217.5 

217.5 



233.5 
233.5 



09.3 


116.5 


L05.9 


112.4 


87.5 


87.lt 


98.2 


93.lt 


113.3 


205.7 



2 


( 500 
) 500 


2 


( 500 
/ 500 


2 


I 500 
} 500 


2 


( 500 
I 500 


2 


t 500 
} 500 


1 


J500 


1 


500 


1 


*500 


1 


500 


1 


500 



Siamesed 
li 



275 
300 



291 ( 
291 ) 



315 

292 



89.4 

90.7 

112.0 

102.3 

82.3 

114.9 

107.9 
118.8 
42.2 
44.0 



124.7 
140.2 
138.1 
152.8 

127.0 

219.5 
221.4 
217.5 
109.1 
117.4 



* Three-inch hose. 

t Air leaking into the suction through the relief valve. 

X Three-inch hose fitted with 2^-inch couplings. 



Fire Department. 



91 



Table No. 3. — Continued. 



1. 


2. 


3 




4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


6 
15 


Cal. 
Capacity 
at 300 
Revo- 
lutions. 


Time. 


Total 

Discharge 

per 

Minute. 


a 

3 


Length 

of 
Lines. 


Diameter 

of 
Nozzle. 


Discharge 

per 

Minute 

each 
Nozzle. 


fc 








o 






















Gallons. 


Min 


Sec. 


Gallons. 


£ 


Feet. 


Inches. 


Gallons. 


7 


691 


45 




640 


2 


t 400 
j 400 


11 

14 


338 | 

302 i 


7 


691 


33 


40 


504 


2 


( 400 

I 400 


i| 
14 


252 I 
252 j 


7 


691 


24 




581 


2 


( 400 
\ 400 


14 


306 / 
275 J 


7 


691 


19 




563 


2 


I 400 
j 400 


14 
1'4 


281.5 ( 
281.5 \ 


7 


691 


12 




697 


2 


I 200 
< 200 


Siamesed 
2 




7 


691 


9 




725 


2 


| 200 
I 200 


Siamesed 


. . . . 1 
. . . . ( 



Average 
Steam 

Pressure 

in 

Boiler. 



Pounds. 



85.1 
51.0 
65.2 
70.0 
61.4 
89.8 



10. 



Average 

Water 

Pressure 

at 
Engine. 



Pounds. 



147.0 
98.4 

119.6 

124.2 
86.7 

123.4 



64 


10 


35 


35 


12 


30 


11 


50 


4 


50 



50 


30 


37 


50 


14 


20 


12 




11 




10 




9 


20 


7 


40 


4 


20 



1,022 



550 
441 
502 



327 
395 

387 

527 



3 


1 500 
]*500 
( 500 


4 


r 500 

J 500 

; *soo 

[ 500 


4 


f 200 
J 200 
1 200 
[*450 


4 


f 500 

J 500 
) 500 
L*500 


2 


J *500 

j 500 1 



Siamesed 



Siamesed 
13 



2 


( 400 
I 400 


2 


( 400 
j 400 


1 


*500 


2 


( 500 

| *500 


2 


( 500 

/ *500 


1 


500 


1 


*500 


1 


500 


2 


( 400 

| *500 



275 
350 
275 

235 ") 

236 I 
271 f 
236 j 



752 
270 j 



426 
323 



257.5 

257.5 



262 

288 



234 

26S 



228 
301 



243 

284 



107.4 



115.1 

78.9 

74.5 
86.6 
71.2 

66.1 

83.8 
86.4 
86.0 

66.0 



130.3 



101.6 

102.2 
143.4 

96.8 

90.4 

151.1 
158.1 
151.6 



* Three-inch hose. 



92 



City Document No. 12. 



Table No. 3. — Concluded. 



23 

33 

33 

33 

33 

33 
33 



1. 


2. 


3. 


4. 


5. 


6. 


7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 


6 


Cal. 
Capacity 
at 300 
Revo- 
lutions. 


Time. 


Total 

Discharge 

per 

Minute. 


a 

o 

d 


Length 

of 
Lines. 


Diameter 

of 
Nozzle. 


Discharge 

per 

Minute 

each 
Nozzle. 


Average 

Steam 
Pressure 

in 
Boiler. 


Average 
Water 

Pressure 

at 
Engine. 




S5 


Gallons. 


Min 


Sec. 


Gallons. 


Feet. 


Inches. 


Gallons. 


Pounds. 


Pounds. 


23 

23 

23 
23 

23 




37 

27 

14 

12 

10 


30 

30 
25 


460 

484 

295 
335 

470 


2 

2 

1 
1 

2 


t 500 
i 500 

4 500 
{ 500 

500 

500 

I 500 
| 500 


1* 
11 


245 ) 
215 \ 

242 ) 
242 J 

251 ) 
219 ( 


55.2 

72.8 

52.9 
65.4 

44.6 


86.4 

104.0 

124.1 
157.4 

82.3 



43 30 



Second Trial. 



( 500 



41 


30 


21 




19 


30 


17 


20 


5 


40 


4 


40 



611 

612 

662 

594 
403 
582 



2 


I 500 
< 500 


2 


( 500 
I 500 


2 


( 500 
| *500 


2 


J 500 
| 500 


1 


500 


2 


( 500 
I 500 



305 
285 



305.5 
305.5 



294 
318 



307 
355 



297 
297 



291 
291 



91.4 

70.7 

79.7 

82.6 

78.9 
86.7 
88.4 



136.6 

127.6 

141.1 

124.5 

120.2 
207.8 
139.6 



* Three-inch hose. 



Fire Department. 



93 




















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94 



City Document No. 12. 



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95 



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Fire Department. 



117 



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118 



City Document No. 12. 



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Fire Department. 



119 



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Si* OS 



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s a 



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120 



City Document No. 12. 



ui in 'O t- 10 

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Fire Department. 



121 



m C rrn= -— cos .; 
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s e a a 

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122 



City Document No. 12. 



ce 



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FIRES AND ALARMS 



FEBRUARY 1st, 1893, TO JANUARY 31st, 1894. 



FEBRUARY. 

I, 1st, 2-45 A.M. Box 18. 

No. 11 Bkattle st. Owned by Goodwin & Rimbach ; loss, $25 ; in- 
surance, $12,500; occupied by Goodwin & Rimbach, as hotel; origi- 
nated in basement ; cause, careless use of pipe in clothing. 

Wednesday, 1st, 8-01 A.M. Box 67. 

No. 9 Burroughs pl. Owned by Homoeopathic Medical Dispensary ; 
loss, $260 ; insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by Julia A. Raney, as dwelling ; 
loss, $160; insurance, $600; originated in basement; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 1st, 10-15 A.M. Box 428. 

No. 87 Decatur st. Owned by M. J. Doran; loss, $10; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by M. J. Doran, as provisions; insurance, $1,000; 
originated in basement; cause, gas explosion. 

Wednesday, 1st, 5-17 P.M. Still. 
No. 47 Wareham st. Automatic alarm, needless. 

Wednesday, 1st, 5-50 P.M. Box 39. 

No. 175 Tremont st. Owned by James L. Little estate ; loss, 
$1,582; insurance, $100,000; occupied by A. V.Doyle, as millinery; 
loss, $1,824; insurance, $3,000; occupied by Miss Chenet, as music 
rooms ; loss, $50 ; insurance, $300 ; occupied by H. H. Litchfield, as 
real-estate office; loss, $100; insurance, $2,000; occupied by M. L. 
McKean et al., as milliner, etc.; loss, $170; insurance, $34,700; 
originated on 5th floor ; cause, careless use of matches. 

Wednesday, 1st, 6-10 P.M. Box 636. 

Nos. 159 and 161 Havre st. No. 159 owned by Edward Kenney; 
loss, $40; insurance, $1,000; No. 161 owned by Sarah McGivern; loss, 
$34; insurance, $1,600; No. 159 occupied by M. E. Gagen, as dwell- 
ing; No. 161 occupied by Sarah McGivern, as dwelling; insurance, 
$400; originated in basement ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 1st, 8-19 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 55 Broadway extension. Owned by S. A. Way estate; occu- 
pied by E. Mann, as bottle dealer; originated on 1st floor; cause, over- 
heated stove-pipe. 

Wednesday, 1st, 11-42 P.M. Box 29. 
False alarm. 



Fire Department. 131 



Thursday, 2d, 11-27 A.M. Still. 

No. 66 Allen st. Owned by D. G. Gilbert; insurance, $1,000; oc- 
cupied by K. Campbell, as dwelling ; originated in basement ; cause, 
hot ashes igniting woodwork. 

Thursday, 2d, 2-40 P.M. Box 53. 

Boylston and Washington sts. Cause, electric motor igniting car 
of West End Railroad. 

Thursday, 2d, 9-09 P.M. Box 7. 

No. 85 Allen st. Owned by H. L. Eisner; occupied by Sarah 
Ingles, as dwelling ; originated in basement ; cause, hot ashes in wooden 
receptacle. 

Friday, 3d, 0-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 44 Howard st. Owned by W. E. Bicknell ; loss, $20; insur- 
ance, $6,000 ; occupied by Somerset Clothing Co , as clothing store ; 
loss, $60 ; insurance, $4,000 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, gas jet 
igniting woodwork. 

Friday, 3d, 3-30 P.M. Box 13. 

No. 3 Lothrop pl. Owned by Wm. J. Partridge ; loss, $230 ; insur- 
ance, $12,000; occupied by Michael Gagan, as dwelling; loss, $114; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 3d, 5-13 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 Crescent PL. Owned by C. Barchaglip; insurance, $4,500 ; 
occupied by S. M. Freeman et al., as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, careless use of candle. 

Friday, 3d, 8-35 P.M. Still. 
Irvington st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Friday, 3d, 9-09 P.M. Box 121. 

No. 132 A ST. Owned by James Quinn ; loss, $192; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by James Quinn, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, careless use of matches. 

Remarks. — Hoseman J. F. Hennessey, of Engine No. 15, was slightly 
injured in the foot with pick of an axe. 

Saturday, 4th, 6-07 P.M. Box 35. 

No. 252 Washington st. Owned by J. A. Codman ; loss, $486; 
insurance, $15,000; occupied by J. A. Cummings Printing Co., as 
printers; loss, $5,858; insurance, $15,000; originated on 3d floor; 
cause unknown. 

Saturday, 4th, 3-20 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 15 Motte ST. Owned by S. A. Way estate; insurance, $1,500; 
occupied by L. Daniels, as tailor shop ; insurance, $500 ; originated on 
2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 5th, 8-15 A.M. Box 799. 

Williams court. Owned by Boston Herald Co. ; occupied by Bos- 
ton Herald Co., as pressroom; originated in basement ; cause, ignition 
of oily waste from lamp. 



132 City Document No. 12. 

Sunday,' 5th, 1-33 P.M. Box 68. 

No. 699 Harrison ave. Owned by A. P. Leary ; insurance, „ 
occupied by J. Lucas, as provisions ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, 
overheated stove. 

Sunday, 5th, 3-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 24 West Fifth st. Owned by J. S. Whitney; loss, $5; occu- 
pied by Patrick Dillon, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
thawing water-pipes. 

Sunday, 5th, 8-31 P.M. Box 127. 

No. 141 West Seventh st. Owned by H. Dickmyer; loss, $5; 
occupied by H. Dickmyer, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
thawing water-pipes. 

Monday, 6th, 1-31 A.M. Still. 
No. 131 West Chester park. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Monday, 6th, 3-51 P.M. Box 966. 

No. 1028 Washington st. Owned by John G. Karle ; loss, $675 ; 
insurance, $2,000; occupied by E. A. Coville, as dwelling; loss, $408; 
insurance, $1,500; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 6th, 5-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 3 Allston st. Owned by Sargent heirs; insurance, $7,000; 
occupied by A. J. Williams, as dwelling; insurance, $1,500; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, ignition of oil from furnace. 

Monday, 6th, 6-07 P.M. Box 221. 

No. 4 Hampshire court. Owned by Thomas H. Hall ; loss, $233 ; 
insurance, $2,000; occupied by Mary McGlinn, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
orginated on 1st floor ; cause, thawing water-pipes. 

Monday, 6th, 8-33 P.M. Box 339. 
Geneva ave. Cause, sparks from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 7th, 1-30 P.M. Still. 
Mercer st. Owned by Thomas Pray; loss, $20; unoccupied; boat- 
house ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, set by boys. 

Tuesday, 7th, 7-37, 8-11, 8-13 P.M. Box 51. 
Nos. 275 to 285 Congress st. Owned by John Dickey ; loss, $9,045 ; 
insurance, $83,000; occupied by Stearns Shoe Company, as boots and 
shoes ; loss, $10,219 ; insurance, $83,500 ; occupied by A. W. Clapp & 
Co.. as boots and shoes; loss, $4,300; insurance, $66,500; occupied by 
J. H. Bussell & Co., as boots and shoes ; loss, $125 ; insurance, $12,000 
•occupied by C. E. Riley & Co., as machinery; loss, $6,500; insurance 
:$38,000; occupied by C. F. Daniels & Co., as slippers; loss, $17,694 
insurance, $123,000; occupied by John A. Lowell & Co., as printers; 
loss, $887; insurance, $7,500; occupied by Haynes, Sparrell & Co., as 
looots and shoes ; loss, $7,062 ; insurance, $42,000 ; occupied by Simons, 
Hatch & Whitten, as storage; loss, $65,818; insurance, $103,000; occu- 
pied by Hutchinson & Littlefield, as boots and shoes; loss, $1,089; in- 
surance, $38,000; occupied by J. T. Meader & Co., as hides, etc. ; loss, 
$60 ; insurance, $12,000. Originated on 6th floor; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 133 



Tuesday, 7th, 7-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 45 West Second st. Owned by J. Costello ; occupied by J. 
Moran, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, upsetting kerosene 
lamp. 

Tuesday, 7th, 11-51 P.M. Box 61. 

No. 134 Eliot st. Owned by Hollingsworth heirs ; loss, $67 ; insur- 
ance, $3,500; occupied by E. W. Seldon et al., as carpenter; loss, 
$83 ; insurance, $3,000 ;' originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 8th, 9-54 A.M. Box 134. 

No. 41 West Seventh st. Owned by Geo. Johnson ; loss, $350 ; 
insurance, $1,800; occupied by C. J. McGee, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
insurance, $400 ; originated on 1st floor; cause, thawing water-pipes. 

Remarks. — Hoseman J. F. Sullivan, of Engine No. 15, fell from the 
i*oof and broke his arm in two places, caused by dog of ladder giving 
way. 

Wednesday, 8th, 5-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 220 Hancock st. Owned by D. B. Stedman, jr. ; loss, $137 ; in- 
surance, $4,400; occupied by W. J. Delap, as dwelling; loss, $200; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, supposed mice and matches. 

Thursday, 9lh, 0-10 A.M. Box 72. 

No. 1070 Washington st. Owned by A. Hall ; loss, $16 ; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by E. Bassett, as dwelling; loss, $4; originated on 
3d floor; cause, careless smoking in bed. 

Thursday, 9th, 4-07, 4-30 A.M. Box 47. 

Nos. 361 and 365 Purchase st. No. 361 owned by G. W. Taylor; 
loss, $4,565; insurance, $10,000; No. 365 owned by Moses Williams 
estate; loss, $150; insurance, $18,000: No. 361 occupied by Timothy 
Remick, as wool storage ; loss, $25,000 ; insurance, $55,000 ; occupied 
by J. C. Gerlack, as offices, etc.; loss, $1,876; insurance, $5,600; 
originated on 4th floor ; cause, supposed electric wires. 

Thursday, 9lh, 4-57 A.M. Box 38. 
India wharf. Cause, needless alarm from Rogers Auxiliary System. 

Thursday, 9th, 5-12 A.M. Box 48. 

N. Y. & N. E. Railroad wharf. Owned by N. Y. & N. E. Rail- 
road; loss, $400; insurance, $10,200; occupied by N. Y. & N. E. R.R., 
as storage of oil; loss, $219; insurance, $1,600; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, supposed overheated stove. 

Thursday, 9th, 10-17 A.M. Box 799. 
Smoke mistaken for fire. 

Thursday, 9th, 10-25 A.M. Still. 
No. 48 Buckingham st. Owned by P. G. Peabody; loss, $10; in- 
surance, $3,000 ; occupied by H. A. Ivis, as dwelling ; originated in 
basement; cause, defective chimney. 

Thursday, 9th, 8-12 P.M. Box 62. 
No. 155 Eliot st. Owned by J. R. Brackett; loss, $265; insurance, 
$15,000 ; occupied by C. A. Bray, as stove store ; loss, $567 ; insurance, 
$2,000; originated in basement ; cause, overheated furnace. 



134 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 10th, 1-27 A.M. Box 315. 

No. 3 Brook ave. Owned by C. F. Barton; loss, $30; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by B. Rottler, as tailor shop; loss, $150; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, careless use of match or cigar in sawdust spittoon. 

Friday, 10th, 1-27 A.M. Box 35. 
Defect in repeater at fire-alarm office on box 315. 

Friday, 10th, 2-20 A.M. Box 47. 

No. 31 Hartford st. Owned by C. R. Chase ; loss, $275 ; insur- 
ance, $5,000; occupied by Frank Burgess, as Boston Gear Works; 
loss, $99; insurance, $7,000; originated on 2d floor ; cause, overheated 
stove. 

Friday, 10th, 4-15, 4-19 A.M. Box 48. 

Nos. 246 and 248 Purchase st. Owned by Horace Billings ; loss, 
$1,845; insurance, $30,000; occupied by Hechman, Bissell & Co., as 
hides, leather, etc.; loss, $10,857; insurance, $95,000; occupied by 
G. H. Goodhue, as wools, etc. ; loss, $1,200; insurance, $20,000; occu- 
pied by G. J. Hopkins, as leathers; loss, $46; insurance, $10,000; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 10th, 5-43 A.M. Box 47. 
No. 143 High st. Sparks from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Friday, 10th, 8-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 85 Chandler st. Owned by C. Shea; loss, $34; insurance, 
$7,000; occupied by C. Shea, as dwelling; loss, $60; insurance, $1,500; 
originated in basement ; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — Catherine Shea was burned to death. 

Saturday, 11th, 10-45 A.M. Box 428. 
Chelsea st. Cause, boys setting fire to rubbish on oil-wharf. 

Saturday, 11th, 0-49 P.M. Box 49. 

No. 16 Summer st. Owned by Dudley D. Pickman; insurance, 
$20,000; occupied by C. Green & Co., as clothing; insurance, $45,000; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, careless use of cigarette. 

Sunday, 12th, 0-59 P.M. Box 39. 

No. 145 Tremont st. Owned by E. E. Pratt; loss, $990; insurance, 
$20,000; occupied by E. J. States, as fancy goods; loss, $221; insur- 
ance, $7,500 ; occupied by Cleanfast Hosiery Company, as salesroom ; 
loss, $223; insurance, $8,200; originated in basement; cause, electric 
wires. 

Monday, 13th, 4-33 P.M. Box 135. 

No. 169 K ST. Owned by Andrew Mahoney; loss, $800; occupied 
by Andrew Mahoney, as dwelling; loss, $50; originated in basement; 
cause, overheated furnace-pipe. 

Remarks. — Ladderman D. J. Calden, of Truck No. 5, was slightly in- 
jured by falling ceiling. 

Monday, 13th, 5-44 P.M. Box 224. 

No. 6 Brown st. Owned by G. Goodnough ; loss, $19 ; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by P. Murphy, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 
3d floor ; cause, defective flue. 



Fire Department. 135 



Monday, 13th, 6-09 P.M. Box 16. 

No. 61 Elm st. Owned by R. E. Demmon ; insurance, $8,000; oc- 
cupied by Wm. R. Schaefer & Son, as gun store; insurance, $30,000: 
originated on 4th floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Monday, 13th, 6-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 67 Bromfield st. Owned by Horticultural Society; occupied 
by Peck & Sutherland, as florists ; originated in basement ; cause, 
electric wires. 

Tuesday, 14th, 11-11 A.M. Box 41. 

No. 339 Washington st. Owned by J. Donaldson ; loss, $184 
insurance, $20,000; occupied by Goddard Ci'edit Company, as jewellers 
loss, $939; insurance, $1,000; occupied by P. Newman, as jewellers 
loss, $10; insurance, $1,100; originated on 3d floor; cause, careless 
use of lamp. 

Tuesday, 14th, 4-56 P.M. Box 436. 

No. 336 Bunkek Hill st. Owned by William Wright ; insurance, 
$800; occupied by Stephen McDonald, as dwelling; loss, $20; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, clothes hanging too near stove. 

Tuesday, 14th, 10-24 P.M. Box 53. 

No. 207 Tremont st. Owned by J. M. Little estate; insurance, 
$12,000 ; occupied by George Sawyer, as eating-house ; loss, $5 ; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 14th, 10-29 P.M. Box 268. 
False alarm. 

Wednesday, 15th, 1-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 1821 Washington st. Owned by C. A. Richards heirs: loss, 
$75 ; insurance, $20,000 ; occupied by A. W. Cutter, as dwelling ; cause, 
soot in chimney burning. 

Wednesday, 15th, 7-13 P.M. Box 83. 

No. 108 W. Chester park. Owned by J. T. Ellis; loss, $17; 
insm*ance, $7,000; occupied by M. Blount, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Wednesday, 15th, 11-59 P.M. Box 17. 

No. 60 Union st. Owned by James Davis; loss, $12; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by R. A. & R. F. Richards, as tin plate; insurance, 
$39,000 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, ignition of phosphorus. 

Thursday, 16th, 1-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 283 Franklin st. Owned by H. G. Dorr; insurance, $9,000; 
occupied by B. M. Hanson, as toilet soaps; originated on 5th floor; 
cause, upsetting kerosene stove. 

Thursday, 16th, 4-07 P.M. Box 624. 

Cunard wharf. Owned by Cunard Steamship Company; loss, 
$25 ; insurance, $50,000 ; occupied by Cunard Steamship Company, as 
baggage-room ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, spontaneous combustion. 



136 City Document No. 12. 



Thursday, 16th, 7-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 75 Pleasant st. Owned by M. Cutter heirs; loss, $7; insur- 
ance, $8,500; occupied by Mrs. Albert Lee, as dwelling; loss, $30; in- 
surance, $50; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 16th, 7-55 P.M. Box 12. 

No. 83 Endicott st. Owned by Arthur Devlin heirs; insurance, 
$2,400 ; occupied by D. Neutille, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Friday, 17th, 11-59 A.M. Still. 

Cove st. Cause unknown. 

Remarks. — This fire occurred in a wagon owned by G. O. Martin; 
damage, $3. 

Friday, 17th, 0-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Shepard st. Owned by A. J. McMurtry ; loss, $5; insur- 
ance, $2,500 ; occupied by George Darlow & Sons, as dwelling, etc. ; 
insurance, $2,000; originated in basement; cause, ignition of oakum 
from sparks. 

Friday, 17th, 4-21 P.M. Box 51. 

No. 148 Purchase st. Owned by James S. Stone ; insurance, 
$40,000; occupied by Ginn & Co., as publishers; insurance, $60,250 ; 
originated in basement ; cause, ignition of kerosene in lamp. 

Friday, 17th, 4-43 P.M. Box 4. 

No. 4 North Hudson st. Owned byR. I. Burbank; loss, $12; in- 
surance, $1,500; occupied by several families, as dwellings; originated 
in basement ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Friday, 17th, 7-13 P.M. Box 58. 
Furnace st. Owned by J. J. Falvy ; loss, $350 ; insurance, $500 ; oc- 
cupied by W. Tinsdale, as stable ; loss, $100 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause 
unknown. 

Saturday, 18th, 3-28 A.M. Box 62. 
No. 208 Pleasant st. Owned by E. L. Bartlett ; loss, $50 ; insur- 
ance, $10,000 ; occupied by R. Klitzke, as bakery ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
originated in basement ; cause, overheated boiler. 

Saturday, 18th, 5-47 A.M. Box 726. 
Furnace st. Cause, rekindling of hay from stable, Box 58, on the 
17th inst. 

Saturday, 18th, 8 A.M. Still. 
No. 84 Hawley st. Cause, break in automatic circuit. 

Saturday, 18ih, 11-21 A.M. Box 134. 
No. 41 Baxter st. Owned by J. Russell ; loss, $8 ; insui'ance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by A. Hain, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 18th, 4-10 P.M. Box 995. 
Nos. 86 and 88 Norfolk st. Owned by G. E. Chipman ; loss, 
$2,500 ; insurance, $2.500 ; occupied by J. J. Kenney, as plumber ; 
loss, $1,000; occupied by Sin Hi, as laundry; occupied by R. C. 
Henderson, as fish store ; occupied by Salvation Army, as hall ; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; causej overheated stove. 



Fire Department. 137 



Saturday, 18th, 4-27 P.M. Box 844. 

No. 5 Waxford st. Owned by Brighton Abattoir Company; in- 
surance, $1,500; occupied by William Shaughnessey, as dwelling; loss, 
$5; originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated stove. 

Saturday, 18th, 10-59 P.M. Still. 

No. 26 Wales st. Owned by W. O. Robson ; loss, $54 ; insurance, 
$5,500; occupied by S. M. Hyams, as dwelling; loss, $45; insurance, 
$2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, defective fireplace. 

Sunday, 19th, 8-54 A.M. Box 4. 

Boston & Maine Railkoad bridge. Insurance, $14,000; cause, 
overheated stove igniting mail-car on the bridge. 

Sunday, 19th, 2-10 P.M. Still. 

Story pl. Owned by S. M. Weld ; insurance, $2,500 ; occupied by 
S. M. Weld, as dwelling; insurance, $1,500; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, ignition of rags in woodbox. 

Monday, 20th, 3-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 614 Shawmut ave. Owned by William Colwell ; loss, $3; 
insurance, $12,000; occupied by J. Taylor, as restaurant ; loss, $5; in- 
surance, $500; originated on 1st floor; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Monday, 20th, 7-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 28 Buckingham st. Owned by B. Ruther ; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by J. H. Bell, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, thawing water-pipes. 

Tuesday, 21st, 8-36 A.M. Box 261. 

No. 2943 Washington st. Owned by George Hefler ; occupied by 
George Hefler, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, thawing 
water-pipes. 

Tuesday, 21st, 8-06 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 104 Warrenton st. Owned by W. H. Chadbourne ; insurance, 
$12,000; occupied by M. Sullivan, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 
5th floor ; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 22d, 0-h A.M. Box 635. 

No. 225 Marion st. Owned by Michael J. Gaffigan ; loss, $15; in- 
surance, $800; occupied by M. Stannard, as dwelling; loss, $10; orig- 
inated on 2d floor ; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 22d, 4-45 A.M. Box 635. 

Rear 225 Marion st. Cause, rekindling of remains of mattress 
from previous fire. 

Wednesday, 22d, 10-33 A.M. Box 937. 

No. 6 Lincoln st. Owned by James Ryan ; loss, $25 ; insui-ance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by George McCarthy, as dwelling ; originated in base- 
ment; cause, children and matches. 

Wednesday, 22d, 1-43 P.M. Box 525. 
Moreland PL. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 



138 City Document No. 12. 

Wednesday, 22d, 7-09 P.M. Box 112. 
False alarm. 

Thursday, 23d, 10-45 A.M. Still. 
Boylston ST. Cause, elective motor igniting car of West End R.R. 

Thursday, 23d, 1-29, 1-47 P.M. Box 9. 

Fiske's wharf. Owned by Fiske's Wharf Warehouse and Storage 
Company; loss, $2,907; insurance, $5,000; occupied by Pearson Cor- 
dage Company, as Sisal hemp ; loss, $9,559 ; insurance, $43,000 ; occu- 
pied by Haverhill Paper Company, as paper stock; loss, $1,977 ; insur- 
ance, $3,100; occupied by Glen Manufacturing Company, as paper 
stock ; loss, $1,778; insurance, $1,500; occupied by W. L. Montgomery 
& Co., as sumac; loss, $100; occupied by B. F. Smith, as sumac; in- 
surance, $5,000 ; occupied by J. T. Glines & Co., as coffees ; insurance, 
$1,500; occupied by B. H. Warner, as salt; insurance, $1,500; occupied 
by R. Briggs & Co., as crockery; insurance, $6,000; originated on 2d 
floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 23d, 6-01 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 1 Willard ST. Owned by M. Pinchansky; insurance, $4,000; 
occupied by M. Rosenberg, as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; cause, 
careless use of lamp. 

Thursday, 23d, 6-03 P.M. Box 5. 
Cause, given for above fire at 18 Willard st. ; needless. 

Thursday, 23d, 9-32 P.M. Box 8. 

No. 129 Portland st. Owned by Wm. Sohier heirs; insurance, 
$25,000; occupied by L. Collins, as iron worker; insurance, $4,500; 
originated on 3d floor ; cause, sparks from forge. 

Friday, 24th, 10-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 19 Bkimmer st. Owned by M. A. Wales; occupied by M. A. 
Wales, as dwelling; cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Saturday, 25th, 9-57 A.M. Still. 

Cor. of Bennet and Ash sts. Owned by Boston Dispensary Com- 
pany ; loss. $15 ; insurance, $25.000 ; occupied by Boston Dispensary Com- 
pany, as dispensary ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, overheated pipe from 
furnace. 

Saturday, 25th, 3-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 McLellan st. Owned by A. S. Connelly; loss, $50; insur- 
ance. $1,500; occupied by John Mahoney, as dwelling; loss, $25; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Saturday, 25th, 4-15 P.M. Box 12. 

No. 55 Charlestown st. Owned by Hunnewell heirs ; insurance, 
$6,500; occupied by William Highton & Sons, as hot-air apparatus; 
insurance, $2,500 ; occupied by Derby & Kilmer, as office furniture ; 
loss, $40 ; insurance, $500 ; originated in basement ; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Saturday, 25th, 6-22 P.M. Box 212. 

Albany and Hampden st. Owned by Boston Lead Company; oc- 
cupied by Boston Lead Company, as manufactory; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause, spontaneous combustion. 



Fire Department. 139 



Sunday, 26th, 4-27 A.M. Box 66. 

No. 44 Middlesex st. Owned by C. H. Barker; insurance, $2,500; 
occupied by Mrs. Morrison, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated in base- 
ment ; cause, hot ashes in wooden receptacle. 

Sunday, 26th, 9-27 P.M. Still. 

No. 14 Nawn st. Owned by Owen Nawn; occupied by J. Driscoll, 
as dwelling ; cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Sunday, 26th, 9-38 P.M. Box 5. 

Lowell st. Owned by C. Welensky; loss, $15; insurance, $5,000; 
occupied by I. Wrofsky, as dwelling ; loss, $20 ; insurance, $500 ; 
originated on 3d floor; cause, upsetting of kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 27th, 2-35 A.M. Still. 

No. 16 Green ST. Owned by Robert Shaw heirs ; occupied by W. 
F. Baxter, etc., as eating-house ; insurance, $1,000; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, careless use of kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 27th, 7-01 P.M. Box 54. 

No. 157 Kingston st. Owned by Thorndike heirs ; insurance, 
$8,000 ; occupied by I. Fliescher, as tailor shop ; loss, $397 ; insurance. 
$1,000; occupied by A. Shuman & Co., as clothing; loss, $219; insur- 
ance, $6,250 ; occupied by G. D. Emerson et al. ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$2,600; originated on third floor ; cause unknown. 

Monday, 27th, 8-50 P.M. Box 36. 
No. 28 State st. Cause, sparks from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 28th, 10-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 Cooper st. Owned by Rosanna Meighan ; loss, $40 ; insur- 
ance, $2,500 ; occupied by John Bench, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor ; cause, defective chimney. 

Tuesday, 28th, 11-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 446 Qltncy ST. Owned by J. H. McGrady; loss, $70; insur- 
ance, $7,000; occupied by J. H. McGrady, as dwelling; loss, $170; in- 
surance, $2,500; originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 



MARCH. 



Wednesday, 1st, 0-43 A.M. Box 718. 

Young's Hotel, Court Sq. ; cause, smoke from stove mistaken for 
fire. 

Wednesday, 1st, 6-42 A.M. Still. 

No. 1831 Washington st. Owned by C. A. Richards heirs ; loss, 
$75; insurance. $19,977; occupied by J. and E. Campers, as cigars; 
loss, $70; insurance, $600; originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use 
of cigar, thrown in sawdust. 

Wednesday, 1st, 1-51 P.M. Box 13. 

Nos. 93 and 101 Cross st. Owned by M. Williams estate ; loss, $191 ; 
insurance, $5,000; occupied by P. Derby & Co. et al., as furniture 
factory; loss, $2,438; insurance, $18,500; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
careless use of matches. 



140 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 1st, 1-51 P.M. Still. 

No. 253 Dover st. Owned by J. L. Plimton; loss, $254; insurance. 
$6,000; occupied by Wm, Wotowicz, as dwelling; loss, $75; originated 
on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 1st, 7-33 P.M. Box 424. 

No. 61 Bunker Hill st. Owned by L. B. Cobb; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by L. B. Cobb, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; cause, soot in 
chimney burning. 

Wednesday, 1st, 11-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 8 Wolfert court. Owned by Thomas Hall ; loss, $10 ; insur- 
ance, $2,000; occupied by S. McDonald, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, upsetting kei'osene lamp. 

Thursday, 2d, 10-56 A.M. Box 112. 

No. 23 Colony st. Owned by O. C. R.R. Corporation ; loss, $5 ; 
occupied by P. Mullen, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, 
thawing water-pipes. 

Thursday, 2d, 11-16 A.M. Box 521. 

No. 199 Green st. Owned by R. Meehan ; loss, $263 ; insurance, 
$1,000 ; occupied by L. Tobin, as carpenter ; loss, $195 ; insurance, $500 ; 
occupied by E. W. Batson, as carpenter; loss, $70; insurance, $500; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 2d, 11-55 A.M. Still. 
No. 75 Chauncy st. Cause, boy playing with automatic signal-box. 

Thursday, 2d, 0-21 P.M. Box 839. 

Western ave. Owned by Geo. W. Hollis; insurance, $5,000; occu- 
pied by G. A. Cather, as wheelwright ; loss, $495 ; insurance, $400 ; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, overheated stove. 

Thursday, 2d, 5-55 P.M. Still. 
Boylston ST. Cause, electric motor igniting West End car. 

Thursday, 2d, 8-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 21 Kendall st. Owned by G. H. Peters; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by A. Riles, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, defective chimney. 

Thursday, 2d, 10-45 P.M. Box 26. 

No. 76 Phillips st. Owned by Boston Co-operative Building Com- 
pany ; loss, $45 ; insurance, $1,250 ; occupied by D. C. Crawford, as ice 
cream; loss, $15; insurance, $300; originated in basement; cause, 
overheated stove. 

Friday, 3d, 7-40 A.M. Still. 
South st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Friday, 3d, 9-39 A.M. Box 15. 

No. 47 Fulton st. Owned by W. Gleason ; insurance, $12,000; 
occupied by E. W. Tyler, as pork products; insurance, $1,000; origi- 
nated on 1st floor ; cause, hanging-lamp igniting ceiling. 



Fire Department. 141 



Friday, 3d, 6-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 29 Norman st. Owned by C. Hollander-; insurance, $9,000; 
occupied by L. Betosky, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 4th, 7-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 23 Washington ST. Owned by J. F. Dacey; insurance, $4, COO ; 
occupied by J. F. Dacey, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; originated in 
basement ; cause, overheated furnace. 

Sunday, 5th, 10-02 A.M. Box 792. 

No. 96 Portland st. Owned by J. W. Tufts & Co. ; loss, $100 ; in- 
surance, $45,000; occupied by J. W. Tufts & Co., as soda-water appa- 
ratus; originated in basement; cause, ignition of oily waste. 

Remarks. — H. McElroy was severely burned, and removed to the 
Massachusetts General Hospital. 

Sunday, 5th, 3-38 P.M. Box 4. 

Boston & Maine Railroad yard. Owned by Boston & Maine 
Railroad; loss, $100; occupied by Boston & Maine Railroad, as tool- 
house ; loss $50 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, defective chimney. 

Sunday, 5th, 4-03 P.M. Box 54. 

Nos. 61 and 63 Harrison ave. Owned by J. C. Joy; loss, $214; 
insurance, $18,000; occupied by S. Flashman & Co., as cigars; loss, 
$3(J0; insurance, $3,000; occupied by G. E. Fharter et al., as locksmith, 
etc. ; loss, $57 ; insurance, $1,000 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, rats and 
matches. 

Sunday, 5th, 5-51 P.M. Box 134. 

No. 135 Bowen st. Owned by P. Gorham ; loss, $10 ; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by C. Doyle, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 3d 
floor; cause, children and matches. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Doyle was severely burned by the flames while 
trying to extinguish the fire. 

Sunday, 5th, 5-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 17 Morton st. Owned by J. Rosenthal ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by M. Fisher, as dwelling; loss, $2; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 5th, 7-49 P.M. Box 214. 
No. 1959 Washington st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Sunday, 5th, 8-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 8 Stillman st. Owned by F. B. Jacobs; insurance, $2,500; 
occupied by S. Goldstein, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; originated on 
2d floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 6th, 10-45 A.M. Box 519. 

No. 3274 Washington st. Owned by M. Gately ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by E. L. Thurlow et al., as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; 
originated on 3d door; cause, spontaneous combustion. 



142 City Document No. 12. 



Monday, 6th, 0-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 10 Fay st. Owned by Max Levan; loss, $85 ; insurance, $2,500 ; 
occupied by S. Spear, as dwelling; loss, $135; insurance, $600; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene stove. 

Monday, 6th, 7-11 P.M. Box 6. 
No. 9 Willard ST. Needless alarm. Plumber's pot on the roof. 

Monday, 6th, 7-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 20 Bowdoin ST. Owned by Parsons heirs ; loss, $16 ; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by Mary Hoyt, as dwelling; loss, $25; insurance, 
$2,000; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 6th, 10-07 P.M. Box 133. 

E. Ninth st. Owned by F. Dwelly ; loss, $5 ; occupied by F. Dwelly, 
as boat-house; originated on 1st floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 6th, 10-31 P.M. Box 523. 

No. 651 Centre st. Owned by I. Myrick ; loss, $221 ; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by Norcross & Myrick, as stable; loss, $50; insur- 
ance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 7th, 3-05 A.M. Box 412. 
No. 70 Lawrence st. Needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 7th, 7-18 P.M. Box 6. 
No. 95 Lowell st. Cause, careless use of lamp ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 8th, 7-45 A.M. Still. 
No. 109 State st. Cause, crossing of telegraph wires. 

Wednesday, 8th, 11-10 P.M. Box 989. 
Cedar Grove Cemetery. Owned by Cedar Grove Cemetery Asso- 
ciation ; loss, $2,000 ; insurance. $2,000 ; occupied by Cedar Grove Cem- 
etery Association, as stable and greenhouses; loss, $3,000; originated 
in greenhouse, extended to adjoining buildings ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 9th, 8-45 A.M. Box 2. 
False alarm. 

Thursday, 9th, 8-22 P.M. Box 621. 
No. 209 Maverick st. Owned by J. H. Critchett; loss, $50; occu- 
pied by J. E. Floyd, as storage; loss, $116; originated in basement; 
cause, slacking of lime. 

Thursday, 9th, 9-17 P.M. Box 239. 
No. 816 Shawmut ave. Owned by Robinson heirs; loss, $6; insur- 
ance, $750; occupied by Wm. Bragg 'et al., as blacksmith, etc. ; insur- 
ance, $500; originated on roof; cause, electric wires. 

Thursday, 9th, 11-29, 11-37 P.M. Boxes 922, 324. 

Longfellow st. Owned by Geo. A. Cox; loss, $1,500; insurance, 
$2,500 ; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — This fire occurred in an unfinished wooden building, and 
extended to an adjoining structure in process of erection, the first being 
entirely consumed, the second considerably damaged. 



Fire Department. 143 



Thursday, 9th, 11-31 P.M. Still. 

No. 545 Washington st. Owned by C. F. Adams estate ; loss, $15 ; 
insurance, $44,000 ; occupied by B. F. Keith, as theatre ; insurance, 
$25,000 ; originated on 4th floor ; cause, electric wires. 

Friday, 10th, 3-26 AM. Box 632. 

No. 36 Decatur st. Owned by F. E. Gueth ; loss, $1,368 ; insurance, 
$4,200; occupied by F. E. Gueth, as bakery; loss, $898; insurance, 
$3,200 ; originated in basement ; cause, boiling over of kettle of fat. 

Friday, 10th, 3-38 A.M. Box 149. 

Congress st. Owned by N. Y. & N. E. R.R. ; loss, $100; insur- 
rance, $100 ; occupied by N. Y. & N. E. R.R., as sheds ; loss, $350 ; in- 
surance, $350 ; originated in shed ; cause, spai'ks from boiler-furnace. 

Friday, 10th, 6-40 A.M. Box 23. 

No. 13 Green st. Owned by N. Whiting; loss, $50; insurance, 
$20,000; occupied by H. Solomon et al., as tailor; loss, $140; insur- 
ance, $5,750; originated on 4th floor; cause, sparks from forge. 

Friday, 10th, 4-24, 4-28, 4-31, 4-34, Box 52. 4-39, Box 34. 4-51, 

Box 56. 

Lincoln, Essex, Tufts, and Kingston sts. 

Nos. 63 to 97 Lincoln st. Owned by F. L. Ames, 8 stories, stone 
and brick. Size 156 by 209 ; loss, $365,100 ; insurance, $651,750 ; occu- 
pied by Paragon Needle Company, as office ; loss, $4,263 ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by J. S. Fogg & Co., as boots and shoes ; loss, $16,789 ; 
insurance, $15,000 ; occupied by Hanover Shoe Company, as boots and 
shoes ; loss, $6,115 ; insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by O. Kreisman, as boots 
and shoes ; loss, $5,171 ; insurance, $4,000 ; occupied by Ewing Bros., as 
blankets; loss, $6,000; insurance, $6,000; occupied by American Pin 
Company, as office ; loss, $2,000 ; insurance, $2,000 ; occupied by R. M. 
Appleton & Co., as office; loss, $1,351; insurance, $1,500; occupied 
by C. W. Spurr, as office; loss, $1,000; insurance, none; occupied by 
Sash Balance Company, as office; loss, $500; insurance, none; occu- 
pied by W. C. Brien Shoe Company, as office ; loss, $5,000; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by T. C. Peters, as office; loss, $1,300; insurance, 
$1,300 ; occupied by Merrick Thread Company, as office ; loss, $37,253 ; 
insurance, $28,000 ; occupied by Hand Lasting Machine Company, as 
office; loss, $1,472; insurance, $2,000; occupied by Union Hammock 
Company, as office; loss, $1,500; insurance, $1,500; occupied by M. 
A. Packard, as office ; loss, $675 ; insurance, $500 ; occupied by 
National India Rubber Company, as office; loss, $14,019; insurance, 
$30,000 ; occupied by W. C. Rogers Company, as office ; loss, $3,000 ; 
insurance, $1,000; occupied by Woonsocket Rubber Company, as sales- 
room; loss, $21,648; insurance, $49,250; occupied by Barbour Bros., 
as linen threads ; loss, $55,718 ; insurance, $50,500 ; occupied by Ama- 
zon Machine Companj^, as workrooms ; loss, $3,500 ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by Redpath Bros., as boots and shoes; loss, $75,000; insur- 
ance, $34,750 ; occupied by B. F. Jacquith & Co., as rubber goods ; loss, 
$60,393; insurance, $62,000; occupied by H. Partridge & Co., as 
fancy goods; loss, $144,675; insurance, $154 250; occupied by J. F. 
Ryan, hair-dresser, as workroom; loss, $1,000; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied by Metropolitan Sewage Testing Department ; loss, $40,000 ; 
occupied by Hathaway, Soule & Harrington, as boots and shoes; loss, 
$72,163; insurance, $67,500; occupied by Lariat Manufacturing Com- 



144 City Document No. 12. 



pany, as warei'ootns : loss, $4,000 ; insurance, $4,000 ; originated on 
third floor, extended to other buildings ; cause unknown . 

The following-named persons were more or less injured by being 
burned, or in jumping from the windows: Miss Margaret Flynn, Miss 
Margaret Love, Miss Ada Perrins, Miss Richards, Miss B. Alvis, Miss 
M. Richards, Miss L. Scott, Miss L. Rideout, Miss Leahy, Mr. David 
Turner, Mr. Joshua Shepard, Mr. John F. Ryan, Mr. Charles Wells- 
worth, Mr. Michael Harkins, Mr. Michael Devlin, Mr. F. Marshland, 
Mr. Francis Partridge, Mr. Theodore Crocker, Mr. Charles Gaskins, 
who died soon after his arrival at the hospital. 

The following-named persons were killed outright: Mr. L. Redpath, 
Mr. Charles Odiorne, Mr. Harry Turner, Mr. F. Meadowcroft, Mr. 
Louis Cotting. 

The following members of the department were injured: J. B. Har- 
vey, jr., of Truck 17, T. J. Giblin, of Engine 7, P. M. Sullivan, of En- 
gine '4, T. C. Twiss, of Hose 10, R. J. Restarrick, of Truck 9, and B. 
Pond and L. Rich, of Engine 1, of Somerville. 

Efficient and valuable assistance was rendered by engines from Cam- 
bridge, Somerville, Chelsea, Lynn, Maiden, Salem, Milton, Quincy, 
Medford, Everett, Fall River, Newton, Brookline, and Providence. 

Nos. 66 to 104 Lincoln st. Owned by J. S. Farlow heirs; loss, 
$214,149; insurance, $184,000; occupied by Singer Manufacturing 
Company, as sewing-machines; occupied by Baxter, Stoner & Co., as 
sole leather; loss, $97,825; insurance, $93,000; occupied by Swain, 
Fuller & Co., as shoe machinery; loss, $8,000; insurance, $6,500; oc- 
cupied by Union Machine Company, as sewing-machines; loss, $4,011 ; 
insui*ance, $2,500 ; occupied by Corrugated Wire Company, as wire for 
shoes ; loss, $6,894 ; insurance, $7,250 ; occupied by D. Knox & Son, 
as shoe machinery ; occupied by Wire Grip Fastening Company, as 
shoe machinery; loss, $21,482; insurance, $16,000; occupied by Rock- 
ingham Company, as shoe machinei'y; loss, $2,000; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by C. E. Dingley et al., as machinery; loss, $2,300; insur- 
ance, none; occupied by J. H. Fitz, as shirt factory; occupied by 
Brown, Durrell & Co., as storage ; see Kingston st. ; occupied by M. S. 
Cahill & Co., as shoe findings; loss, $13,118; insurance, $13,240; occu- 
pied by H. W. Eddy, as shoe findings; loss, $1,585; insurance, $1,500; 
occupied by Power Punch Machine Company, as machine shop; loss, 
$7,200 ; insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by C. L. Richards, as grocer ; loss, 
$13,600; insurance, $10,000; occupied by Scott & Williams, as knit- 
ting-goods; loss, $1,086; insurance, $1,000; occupied by A. L. Per- 
kins & Co., as shoe tools; loss, $1,500; insurance, $1,500; occupied by 
Standard Rivet Company, as workrooms ; loss, $4,786 ; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by Merrick Sewing Machine Company, as work- 
rooms; loss, $23,400; insurance, $16,000 ; occupied by Goodyear Rub- 
ber Shoe Company, as boots and shoes ; loss, $28,025 ; insurance, 
$22,750 ; occupied by Lewis & Pike, as boots and shoes ; loss, $619 ; in- 
surance, $1,250. 

Nos. 104 to 132 Kingston st. Owned by Boston Real Estate Trust 
Company; loss, $166,172; insurance, $270,000; occupied by Brown, 
Durrell & Co., as small wares; occupied by Willimantic Thread Com- 
pany, as salesroom; loss, $67,267; insurance, $77,500; occupied by H. 
P. Emerson & Co., as small wares; loss, $25,479; insurance, $29,000 
occupied by Brainard & Armstrong, as spool silks; loss, $24,163 
insurance, $35,000; occupied by Day, Callaghan & Co., as cloaks, etc. 
loss, $85,581; insurance, $75,000; occupied by Richardson, Howe & 
Lovejoy, as ladies' wraps ; loss, $65,498 ; insurance, $57,300 ; occupied 
by T. D. Whitney & Co., as salesroom ; loss, $100; insurance, $500. 

Nos. 128 to 132 Essex st. Owned by James L. Little ; loss, $9,418 ; 
insurance, $35,000 ; occupied by Walter C. Barnes, as paper boxes ; 
loss, $15,265; insurance, $12,300; occupied by A. S. Morrison & Bros., 



Fire Department. 145 



as hosiery; loss, $8,949; insurance, $11,500; occupied by D. D. Fiske, 
as dining-rooms ; loss, $1,825; insurance, $3,500. 

Nos. 108 to 112 Lincoln st. Owned by Peter B. Brigham heirs; 
loss, $36,119; insurance, $30,000; occupied"by Globe Buffer Company, 
as flag factory; loss, $29,904; insurance, $14,400; occupied by S. B. 
Rogers & Co., as leather-board; loss, $6,667; insurance, $8,000; occu- 
pied by Boston Lastipg Machine Company, as machine shop ; loss, 
$4,600 ; insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by Flagg Manufacturing Com- 
pany, as machinists; loss, $18,000; insurance, $8,000; occupied by 
Copeland Treeing Company, as machinists ; loss, $350 ; insurance, 
$350; occupied by Union Edge Setting Company, as office, etc.; loss, 
$5,000 ; insurance, $4,000 ; occupied by Hawkins Machine Company, as 
salesroom : loss, $2,800; insurance, $2,500; occupied by National Fibre 
Board Company, as leather-board ; loss, $3,752 ; insui-ance, $4,000. 

Nos. Ill and 113 Lincoln st. Owned by United States Hotel Com- 
pany; loss, $4,400; insurance, $5,200; occupied by James Sullivan, as 
liquors; loss, $7,000; insurance, $8,000 ; occupied by O. A. Ward, as 
grocer; loss, $135; insurance, $500; occupied by Thomas Gibbons, as 
jjainters ; occupied by G. H. Binney et al., as storage, etc.; loss, 
$1,321; insurance, $1,400; occupied by Mr. Hughes, as dwelling. 

No. 109 Lincoln st. Owned by United States Hotel Company ; loss, 
$2,400; insurance, $2,800; occupied by O. B. Canwell, as restaurant; 
loss, $800 ; insurance, $400. 

Nos. 131 and 133 Essex st. Owned by Ludlow Manufacturing 
Company; loss, $63,103; insurance, $50,000; occupied by Enterprise 
Rubber Company, as boots and shoes ; loss, $17,805 ; insurance, $15,000 ; 
occupied by Ludlow Manufacturing Company, as twines ; loss, $8,553 ; 
insurance, $12,000; occupied by W. G. Turner, as shoe factory; loss, 
$7,141; insurance, $8,000; occupied by E. W. Jones et al., as jewelry; 
loss, $700 ; insurance, $3,700. 

Nos. 52 to 56 Lincoln st. (Water damage.) Owned by A. T. 
Brown; loss, $2,800; insurance, $45,000; occupied by Farnesworth, 
Hoyt & Co., as boots and shoes ; occupied by George E. Keith & Co., as 
boots and shoes ; occupied by L. A. Crossette, as boots and shoes ; occu- 
pied by Standard Smoke Consumer Company, as office. 

Nos. 124 to 126 Essex st. (Water damage.) Owned by J. L. 
Little ; occupied by Pierce & Cox, as plumbers ; loss, $75 ; insurance, 
$2,600; occupied by Thomas C. Lowe, as carpenter; loss, $10; insur- 
ance, $200 ; occupied by Mary McCarthy, as dwelling. 

Nos. 107 and 109 Kingston st. (Water damage.) Owned by 
Boston Real Estate Trust Company; loss $1,057; insurance, $80,000; 
occupied by Claflin, Young & Stanley, as underwear; loss, $3,200 ; in- 
surance, $165,500; occupied by A. W. Rice & Co., as dry goods ; loss, 
$1,075; insurance, $35,000; occupied by Creed, Kellogg & Co., as 
jewelry; loss, $5,468; insurance, $10,000; occupied by Williams, 
Savage & Co., as silks; loss, $15; insurance, $6,000; occupied by 
Frost Hill Spring Company, as towels; loss, $30; insui-ance, $1,000; 
occupied by Holmes & Co., as Athletic Company; loss, $700; insur- 
ance, $20,000 ; occupied by A. G. Cheever & Co., as paper boxes ; loss, 
$425; insurance, $6,000; occupied by J. W. Smith & Co., as suspend- 
ers; loss, $135; insurance, $13,500. 

Nos. 55 to 59 Lincoln st (Water damage.) Owned by Edward 
I. Browne; loss, $1,940; insurance, $11,500; occupied by R. W. Cone 
& Co., as boots and shoes; loss, $491; insurance, $5,800; occupied by 
Riley-Pebbles Company, as boots and shoes; loss, $341; insurance, 
$1,250; occupied by Lilly, Brackett & Co., as boots and shoes; loss, 
$141 ; insurance, $500 ; occupied by Tubular Rivet and Stud Company, as 
shoe findings; loss, $408; insurance, $11,500; occupied by E. C. 
Schluecker, as machinery ; loss, $714; insurance, $9,000; occupied by 
Mellen, Bray & Co., as machinery; loss, $453; insurance, $20,000. 



146 Crrr Document No. 12. 



Nos. 127 and 129 Kingston st. (Water damage.) Owned by Fifty 
Associates, C. U. Cotting, agent; loss, $223; insurance, $40,000; occu- 
pied by C. E. Walker & Co., as toys ; occupied by Coates Thread Com- 
pany, as threads. 

Nos. 135 and 137 Kingston st. (Water damage.) Owned by Cot- 
ting & Welch, trustees; loss, $162; insurance, $5,000; occupied by J. 
B. Smith, as dry goods ; insurance, $35,000. 

Kos. 121 and 125 Kingston st. (Water damage.) Owned by Fifty 
Associates, C. U. Cotting, agent; loss, $162; insurance, $45,000 ; occu- 
pied by Eppler Welt Machine Company, as salesroom ; loss, $87 ; insur- 
ance, $25,000; occupied by Cushman Bros. & Co., as window shades; 
insurance, $13,000; occupied by A. S. Young, as clothing; insurance, 
$13,000; occupied by H. O. Trafton & Co., as linen and ribbons; in- 
sui'ance, $19,000; occupied by T. O. Gardner, as infants' clothing; in- 
surance, $15,000; occupied by Epplei-, Adams & Co., as sewing- 
machines; insurance, $51,000. 

Nos. 138 to 144 Kingston st. Owned by United States Hotel Com- 
pany; loss, $4,659; insurance, $15,000; occupied by Emergency Hos- 
pital Company, as hospital; loss, $1,300; insurance, $17,800. 

Essex st. Owned by William E. French ; loss, $581 ; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by William E. French, as distillery; loss, $12,684; 
insurance, $12,000. 

No. 131 Kingston st. (Water damage.) Owned by A. P. Loring; 
loss, $471 ; insurance, $40,000 ; occupied by Fiedler Moeldner, as dress 
trimmings; insurance, $15,000; occupied by D. L. Sheplie, as hat 
factory ; loss, $500 ; insurance, $50,000. 

No." Ill Kingston st. (Water damage.) Owned by I. Atkins heirs; 
loss, $39; insurance, $2,500; occupied by VV. H. Meldram, as lubrica- 
tors ; occupied by J. D. Kenney, as painter ; occupied by J. A. Driscoll, 
as locksmith ; occupied by G. H. Simmons, as carpenter. 

Beach, Kingston, and Lincoln sts. Owned by United States Hotel 
Company; loss, $14,195; insurance, $115,000; occupied by United 
States Hotel Company, as hotel ; loss, $3,302; insurance, $70,500; oc- 
cupied by Hastings & Co., as butter store; loss, $115; insurance, 
$1,400; occupied by C. W. Smith, as fruits; occupied by C. E. Spear, 
as provisions; loss, $100; occupied by various parties, as offices and 
stores; no loss ; insurance, $12,600. 

Nos. 118 and 128 Lincoln st. Owned by C M. Barnard; loss, 
$2,800; insurance, $30,000; occupied by Proctor, Hunt & Co., as 
leathers; loss, $10,344; insurance, $124,500; occupied bj- C. F. Hovey 
& Co., as storage ; loss, $10,160 ; insurance, $250,000. 

Friday, 10th, 5-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 13 Green st. Owned by N. Whiting; insurance, $20,000; oc- 
cupied by H. Solomons, as tailor ; insurance, $700 ; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Saturday, 11th, 9-02 A.M. Still. 

No. 210 Dover st. Owned by L. C. Hutchings ; loss, $10; insur- 
ance, $6,500; occupied by M. Singleton, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, careless smoking on lounge. 

Sunday, 12th, 10-20 A.M. Still. 

Nos. 166 and 168 High st. Owned by D. Webster King; insurance, 
$40,000 ; occupied by D. Webster King, as glue storage ; insurance, 
$15,000; originated in basement; cause, spontaneous combustion. 



Fire Department. 141 



Monday, 13th, 4-19 P.M. Box 57. 

No. 75 Harvard st. Owned by K. Sullivan; loss, $29; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by J. Sullivan et aL, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 3d floor; cause, building fire with kei'osene. 

Remarks. — Margaret Lane was severely burned and removed to 
the hospital. 

Monday, 13th, 8-07 P.M. Box 47. 

No. 465 Atlantic ave. Owned by Dillon heirs; insurance $8,000 ; 
occupied by W. W. McNaught, as junk store; loss, $150; insurance, 
$12,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Monday, 13th, 9-03 P.M. Box 928. 

No. 23 Park st. Owned by J. W. Calnan ; loss, $1,200 ; insurance, 
$9,000; unoccupied dwelling ; originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 14th, 0-41 P.M. Box 15. 

No. 150 Commercial st. Owned by Wm. Gaston; insurance, 
$8,000; occupied by Smith Bros., as fruits, etc.; originated in base- 
ment; cause, careless use of candle. 

Tuesday, 14th, 0-49 P.M. Box 131. 

No. 208 H st. Owned by H. J. Bowen ; loss, $5 ; occupied by Annie 
Rowell, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 2d floor; cause, clothes 
taking fire from stove. 

Tuesday, 14th, 6-41 P.M. Still. 

No. 137 Beach st. Owned by W. S. Hills; loss, $15; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by M. Sullivan et al., as dwelling; originated on 
1st floor ; cause, hot ashes in wooden receptacle. 

Tuesday, 14th, 11-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 3 Eaton pl. Owned by Baitler & Gordon; loss, $10; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by L. Baer, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, rats and matches. 

Wednesday, 15lh, 8-06 A.M. Still 
No. 520 Harrison ave. Cause, breaking automatic wires. 

Wednesday, 15th, 8-13 A.M. Box 154. 
No. 680 East Ninth st. Cause, burning fat in stove oven. 

Wednesday, 15th, 8-37 A.M. Box 5. 

No. 51 Wall st. Owned by Hurley heirs ; loss, $298 ; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by M. Goldfield, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated 
on 4th floor ; cause, ignition of kerosene stove. 

Wednesday, 15th, 0-31 P.M. Box 271. 

No. 22 Valentine st. Owned by L. B. Abbott; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $10,000; occupied by W. G. Maddox, as dwelling; loss, $25; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Wednesday, 15th, 6-58 P.M. Box 424. 

No. 68 Tremont st. Owned by F. J. Murphy ; cause, soot in chim- 
ney burning ; needless. 



City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, loth, 10-42 P.M. Box 129. 
No. 100 C ST. Owned by F. O'Brien; loss, $198; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by D. Downing, as dwelling; loss, $50; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 16th, 0-47 A.M. Box 131. 
No. 10 Douglass st. Owned by Geo. Martin ; loss, $300 ; insur- 
ance, $500; occupied by Geo. Martin, as stable; loss, $1,000; insur- 
ance, $t,100; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 16th, 11 A.M. Still. 

No 181 Medford st. Owned by Belough estate ; loss, $5 ; insur- 
ance, $800; occupied by J. H. Walters, as stable; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, upsetting stove. 

Thursday, 16th, 3-32 P.M. Still. 
No. 19 Eutaw ST. Owned by C. Blackstock; loss, $41; insurance, 
$3,500; occupied by C. Blackstock et al., as dwelling; loss, $30; in- 
surance, $700; originated on 3d floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Thursday, 16th, 7-20 P.M. Box 99. 
No. 229 Newbury st. Owned by W. B. Hopkins ; cause, soot in 
chimney burning ; needless. 

Friday, 17th, 6-48 A.M. Box 74. 
No. 2 East Canton st. Owned by Lawrence heirs; loss, $535; in- 
surance, $25,000 ; unoccupied dwelling ; originated on 5th floor ; cause, 
hot ashes in wooden receptacle. 

Friday, 17th, 7-14 P.M. Box 637. 
No. 155 Liverpool st. Owned by L. Cahill ; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied bj J McCarthy, as blacksmith ; originated in yard ; extended 
to building ; cause, incendiary. 

Friday, 17th, 8 A.M. Still. 
No. 7 Bennet ave. Owned by D. Flynn ; insurance, $1,000; occu- 
pied by A. Chaffelo, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, careless use of candle. 

Friday, 17th, 8-20 P.M. Still. 

B. & M. Railroad track. 

Bemarks, — Fire in freight-car, owned by B. & M. R.R. ; cause un- 
known. 

Friday, 17th, 9-03 AM. Box 49. 

Nos. 11 and 13 Summer st. Owned by A. Shuman ; insurance, 
$4U,000; occupied by Call & Tuttle et al., as tailors, etc.; insurance, 
$11,500; originated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 17th, 10-44 P.M. Box 114. 
No. 170 Bolton st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire; needless. 

Friday, 17th, 11-30 P M. Still. 
No. 350 Boylston st. Owned by F. Dupee ; loss, $350 ; insurance, 
$17,500; occupied by E. A. Parsons, as dress-maker; loss, $2,307; in- 
surance, $10,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, electric heating-iron 
igniting goods. 



Fire Department. 149 



Saturday, 18th, 6-52 P.M. Box 64. 

No. 898 Washington st. Owned by J. Wilson ; occupied by W. B. 
Norton, as restaurant; cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Saturday, 18th, 7-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 261 Rutherford ave. Owned by J. Palmer; insurance, 
$2,300; occupied by J. Palmer, as blacksmith; insurance, $7,500; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, spontaneous combustion in oily waste. 

Saturday, 18th, 8-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 23 Essex st. Owned by H. Crane; loss, $10; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by J. L. Armstrong:, as dwelling; loss, $200; insur- 
ance, $700; originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Sunday, 19th, 0-52 A.M. Box 54. 

No. 19£ Beach ST. Owned by P. Fay; insurance, $6,000; occupied 
by W. C. Bulvan et al., as sofa beds; loss, $125; insurance, $1,000; 
originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 19th, 7-24, 7-35, 7-43 A.M. Boxes 729 and 35. 

Nos. 76 to 88 Tremont st. Owned by Evangelical Baptist Society; 
insurance, $121,000 ; occupied by Evangelical Baptist Society, as Trem- 
ont Temple; occupied by F. L. Lubin, as trusses, etc. ; loss, $2,000; in- 
surance, $4,000; occupied by R. C. Sargent, as dentist; loss, $292; 
insurance, $500; occupied by S. C. McDonnell, as gloves, etc.; loss, 
$8,645; insurance, $12,650; occupied by Federhen& Sons, as opticians; 
loss, $2,744; insurance, $1,800; occupied by W. G. Corthell ; loss, 
$1,000; insurance, $1,000. 

Nos. 60 to 70 School st. and Tremont st. Owned by H. D. Parker 
heirs; loss, $9,037; insurance, $363,000; occupied by J. R. Whipple, 
as hotel ; loss, $6,150; insurance, $155,250; occupied by S. A. Beckard, 
as gents 1 goods ; loss, $5,803 ; insurance, $32,000. 

No. 98 Tremont st. Occupied by W. S. Butler, as dry goods; loss, 
$9,000; insurance, $160,000. 

Nos. 4 and 6 Bosworth ST. Occupied by W. D. Park, as hotel ; 
loss, $56 ; insurance, $12,000 ; originated on 2d floor of Tremont Tem- 
ple; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 19th, 10-42 A.M. Still. 

No. 302 Federal st. Owned by J. Tirrell ; insurance, $15,000 ; oc- 
cupied by J. S. Newell & Co., as machinists; insurance, $25,000; orig- 
inated in basement; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 19th, 10-50 A.M. Still. 
No. 64 Winthrop ST. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Sunday, 19th, 2-52 P.M. Box 188. 

Willow court and Boston st. Cause, soot in chimney burning ; 
needless. 

Sunday, 19th, 4-42 P.M. Box 78. 

No. 102 E. Brookline st. Owned by L. A. Bodrie ; loss, $20; in- 
surance, $5,000; occupied by G. Gould, as outhouse ; loss, $50; insur- 
ance, $2, 0C0; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 



150 City Document No. 12. 



Sunday, 19th, 10-54 P.M. Box 23. 

No. 30 Crescent pl. Owned by Brown heirs ; loss, $85 ; insurance, 
$8,000; occupied by H. Sampson, as dwelling; loss, $25; insurance, 
$500; originated on 2d floor; cause, careless use of lamp. 

Monday, 20th, 5-22 P.M. Box 249. 

No. 54 Conant ST. Cause, child playing with matches igniting his 
clothing. 

Monday, 20th, 6-22 P.M. Box 16. 

No. 106 State st. Owned by C. U. Cotting, trustee; loss, $750; 
insurance, $3,000 ; occupied by J. H. Moulton, as express office ; loss, 
$100; occupied by Mc Adams & Hall, as stationers; loss, $2,164; in- 
surance, $4,800; originated on 1st floor; cause, breaking kerosene 
lamp. 

Tuesday, 21st, 3-41 A.M. Box 86. 

No. 1625 Washington ST. Owned by Smith heirs ; loss, $300; in- 
surance, $9,500; occupied by C. E. Bryant, as billiards; loss, $60; 
insurance, $2,100; originated on 1st floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Tuesday, 21st, 4 A.M. Box 336. 

No. 6 Merrill st. Owned by S. P. Bancroft; loss, $1,417; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by C. R. McDowell, as dwelling; loss, $1,586; 
insurance, $2,700 ; originated on 2d floor; cause, overheated furnace- 
pipe. 

Tuesday, 21st, 5-37 P. M. Box 41. 

No. 7 Spring lane. Owned by Old South Church Society; loss, $54 ; 
insurance, $12,000; unoccupied; originated on 2d floor; cause, igni- 
tion of leaky gas. 

Wednesday, 22d, 1-22 A.M. Still. 

No. 7 Baldwin pl. Owned by A. Finklestein ; loss, $50; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by H. Levinson, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated 
on 4th floor; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Wednesday, 22d, 11-16 A.M. Box 217. 

No. 1232 Tremont ST. Owned by Crossing heirs ; loss, $50 ; insur- 
ance, $2,400; occupied by F. Cannon, as dwelling; originated in base- 
ment; cause unknowm. 

Wednesday, 22d, 0-26 P.M. Box 127. 

No. 67 Baxter st. Owned by H. Orchard ; loss, $20 ; insurance. 
$1,500; occupied by S. McKinley, as dwelling; originated in base- 
ment; cause, defective chimney. 

Wednesday, 22d, 3-29 P.M. Box 259. 
No. 25 Amory st. Cause, explosion of malt mill in brewery. 

Wednesday, 2 2d, 9-51 P.M. Box 213. 

No. 16 Adams st. Owned by J. Casey; loss, $12; insurance, 
1,200; occupied by B. Concannon, as dwelling; loss, $7; insurance, 
; originated on 2d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 



Fire Department. 151 



Thursday, 23d, 9-25 A.M. Box 92. 
No. 673 Boylston ST. Owned by Newcomb & Frost; loss, $143 ; 
insurance, $15,000; occupied by I. W. Upham et al , as dwelling; in- 
surance, $6,900 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, defective chimney. 

Thursday, 23d, 6-10 P.M. Still. 
No. 453 Broadway. Owned by G. H. Sayward; occupied by A. R. 
Specht, as hair goods; originated in basement; cause, hot ashes in 
wooden receptacle. 

Thursday, 23d, 6-48 P.M. Still. 
No. 135 London st. Owned by N. E. Wheaton; loss, $45; insur- 
ance, $3,500; occupied by N. E. Wheaton et al , as dwelling; loss, 
$30 ; insurance, $2,400 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, upsetting of 
kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 25th, 2-07 P.M. Box 465. 
Hadley st. Cause, bonfire ; boys and matches. 

Saturday, 25th, 7-53 P.M. Still. 
No. 23 E. Springfield st. Owned by A. Morrisey ; insurance, $5,000 ; 
occupied by A. C. Sheridan, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated on 3d 
floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 26th, 0-30 A.M. Box 972. 
Bellows court. Owned by Geo. Erhart; loss, $1,342; insurance, 
$3,500; unfinished dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, upsetting 
of stove used to dry plastering. 

Sunday, 26th, 2-16 A.M. Box 37. 

No. 210 State st. Owned by K. W. Sears estate; loss, $825 ; in- 
surance, $6,000; occupied by O. W. Alden & Co., as teas and coffees; 
loss, $3,000 ; insurance, $5,U00 ; occupied by Barrows & Ryan, as teas, 
etc.; loss, $615; insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause 
unknown. 

Sunday, 26th, 3-29 A.M. Still. 

No. 47 Piedmont st. Owned by J. Smith; loss, $5; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by J. E. Knight, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, careless use of matches. 

Sunday, 26th, 9-34 A.M. Box 36. 

No. 45 Court st. Owned by A. Tomfohrde ; loss, $2,430; insur- 
ance, $20,000; occupied by A. Tomfohrde, as dining-room; loss, 
$1,200; insurance, $5,000; originated in basement; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 26th, 6-37 P.M. Still. 
Washington st. Owned by E. Bangs; insurance, $80,000; occu- 
pied by M. Clark, as hotel; insurance, $60,000; originated in base- 
ment; cause, overheated stove. 

Sunday, 26th, 10-07 P.M. Still. 
No. 149 Broad st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 



152 City Document No. 12. 



Monday, 27th, 10-17 A.M. Box 59. 

No. 264 Federal st. Owned by T. C. Wales estate; loss, $22; in- 
surance, $2,000 ; occupied by P. Leahy, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 4th floor ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Monday, 27th, 7-46 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 201 Eliot ST. Owned by J. Stevenson; insurance, $1,500; oc- 
cupied by E. Smith, as dwelling; loss, $2; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Tuesday, 28th, 0-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 128 Poplar st. Owned by E. C. Wheeler; insurance, $1,500; 
occupied by H. D. Silk, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, 
spontaneous combustion in oily rags. 

Tuesday, 28th, 0-51 P.M. Box 421. 

No. 26 Main st. Owned by J. S. Whiting; loss, $30; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by W. A. Pierce, as plumber; loss, $48; insur- 
ance, $600; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of naphtha lamp. 

Tuesday, 28lh, 2-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 26 Main st. Cause, ignition of refuse from previous fire. 

Tuesday, 28th, 2-53 P.M. Still. 

No. 5 Exeter st. Owned by G. S. Hale; occupied by G. S. Hale, 
as dwelling; cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Tuesday, 28th, 3-51 P.M. Box 631. 

Nos. 92 and 94 Sumner st. Owned by L. F. Lambert; loss, $642 
insurance, $7,000; occupied by E. Murphy, as dwelling; loss, $76 
insurance, $1,500; occupied by P. J. Culnane, as dwelling; loss, $25 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 28th, 8-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 32 Bowers st. Owned by H. J. Wright; loss, $63; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied byH. M. Shaw, as dwelling; loss, $50; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 29th, 0-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 194 Harrison ave. Owned by Geo. C. Lord; loss, $69; in- 
surance, $5,600 ; occupied by R. Tower, as dwelling ; loss, $32 ; 
insurance, $1,500; originated on 3d floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Wednesday, 29th, 8-28 A.M. Box 414. 
Cause, a loaded team backed against the box breaking the connec- 
tions. 

Wednesday, 29th, 11-39 A.M. Box 136. 
No. 589 East First st. Owned by F. W. Bowles ; loss, $10 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by Chas. Reiley, as dwelling; loss, $5; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, rats and matches. 

Wednesday, 29lh, 3-05 P.M. Still. 
Byron st. Owned by F. Farrell ; loss, $50 ; insurance, $1,000 ; oc- 
cupied by T. Sexton, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, chil- 
dren and matches. 



Fire Department. 153 

Wednesday, 29th, 6-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 244 Federal st. Owned by N. Y. & N. E. R.R. ; loss, $10 ; in- 
surance, $15,000; occupied by L. Sahken et al., as tailor, etc.; loss, 
$20 ; insurance, $8,750 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, supposed incen- 
diary. 

Wednesday, 29th, 7-08 P.M. Box 679. 

Gladstone st. Grass fire ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 29th, 8-22 P.M. Box 9. 

No. 2 Hanover ave. Owned by M. Doherty heirs ; insurance, 
$4,500; occupied by M. J. Ryan, as dwelling; originated on 4th floor; 
cause, careless use of matches. 

Wednesday, 29th, 10-26 P.M. Box 66. 

No. 50 Middlesex st. Owned by H. Mather; occupied by E. 
Seales, as dwelling; loss, $8; originated on 3d floor; cause, breaking 
kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 30th, 0-50 A.M. Still. 

Exeter st. Owned by Boston Athletic Association; insurance, 
$110,000; occupied by Boston Athletic Association, as club-house; in- 
surance, $30,000; originated in basement; cause, spontaneous combus- 
tion. 

Thursday, 30th, 8-10 A.M. Box 424. 

Tufts and Vine sts. Owned by St Catherine Parish ; occupied by 
St. Catherine Parish, as church ; originated in church ; cause, curtain 
igniting from gas-jet. 

Thursday, 30th, 8-40 P.M. Still. 
Hanover st. Cause, electric motor igniting car of West End R.R. 

Friday, 31st, 2-30 A.M. Box 62. 

Nos. 128 and 130 Eliot st. Owned by Hollingsworth estate; loss, 
$25; insurance, $20,000; occupied by A. H. Washburn, as dwelling; 
insurance, $5,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of 
matches in sawdust. 



APRIL. 



Saturday, 1st, 2-401 A.M. Box 249. 

No. 66 Chestnut ave. Owned by J. McDougall ; loss, $60 ; insur- 
ance, $6,000; occupied by W. R. Matthews, as dwelling; insurance, 
$1,000 ; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 1st, 3-50 P.M. Box 563. 
Temple st. Cause, brush fire ; needless. 

Saturday, 1st, 8-35 P.M. Box 72. 

No. 1054 Washington st. Owned by E. D. Morse; loss, $75; in- 
surance, $10,000; occupied by M. S. Woolstoncraft, as dwelling; loss, 
$111; insurance, $5,000; oi'iginated on 4th floor; cause, gas-jet ignit- 
ing curtain. 



154 City Document No. 12. 



Sunday, 2d, 3-47 A.M. Still. 

No. 39 Maverick sq. Owned by J. Foltz ; loss, $50; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by L. D. Bemis, as dwelling ; loss, $25 ; originated on 
3d floor ; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 2d, 6-48 A.M. Box 92. 

No. 116 Huntington ave. Owned by Wildes estate; loss, $50; 
insurance, $20,000 ; occupied by Orra Paige, as dwelling ; loss, $15 ; in- 
surance, $9,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene 
stove. 

Sunday, 2d, 11-45 A.M. Box 647. 

No. 98 Condor st. Owned by Boston and Lockport Block Co. ; loss, 
$957 ; insurance, $3,500 ; occupied by Boston and Lockport Block Co., as 
factory; loss, $4,900; insurance, $19,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
spontaneous combustion. 

Sunday, 2d, 3-27 P.M. Box 528. 
Walkhill st. Grass fire ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 2d, 4-33 P.M. Box 451. 

No. 82 Medford st. Owned by M. J. Moore ; insurance, $4,000; 
occupied by J. Collins et al., as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, breaking bottle of naphtha over stove. 

Remarks. — Mr. and Mrs. Collins were severely burned, the latter 
dying from injuries the next day. 

Sunday, 2d, 6-39 P.M. Box 544. 
Weld st. 

Remarks. — Fire in pile of cord wood owned by J. A. Whittemore ; 
damage, $25 ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 2d, 7-08 P.M. Still. 

No. 6 Crescent pl. Owned by P. Leventhal ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$7,000 ; occupied by D. Kallen, as dwelling ; loss, $15 ; originated on 4th 
floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 2d, 9-05 P.M. Still. 
Warren st. Cause, electric motor igniting car of West End R.R. 

Sunday, 2d, 10-05 P.M. Box 527. 

No. 73 Jamaica st. Owned by J. J. Dolan ; loss, $25 ; hen-house ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 2d, 10-20 P.M. Box 14. 

No. 65 Eastern ave. Owned by M. E. Crotty ; loss, $127 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000; occupied by J. Robinson, as dwelling; loss, $50; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 3d, 4-16 P.M. Box 21. 
Needless alai-m. 

Monday, 3d, 11-08 P.M. Box 917. 

No. 1262 Dorchester ave. Owned by L. Jones ; insurance, $4,000 ; 
occupied by J. Hannahan, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on roof; 
cause, sparks from chimney. 



False alarm. 



Fire Department. 155 

Tuesday, 4th, 1-15 P.M. Box 873. 



Wednesday, 5th, 8-45 A.M. Still. 

O. C. R.R. track; cause, sparks from locomotive igniting pile of 
sleepers; damage, $25. 

Wednesday, 5th, 11-10 A.M. Still. 

No. 127 Paris ST. Owned by J. English heirs; loss, $58; insurance, 
$2,500 ; occupied by J. English, as dwelling; loss, $45; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, ignition of oil stove. 

Wednesday, 5th, 8-20 A.M. Box 726. 

No. 388 Federal st. Owned by Boston Fire Brick Company ; in- 
surance, $39,040 ; occupied by Boston Fire Brick Company, as store- 
house ; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 5th, 9-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 338 Washington st. Owned by E. D. Sohicr heirs ; loss, $15 ; 
insurance, $3,000 ; occupied by E. F. Perry, as periodicals ; insurance, 
$500 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, lamp igniting ceiling. 

Tliursday, 6th, 5-27 A.M. Box 83. 
Cause, smoke mistaken for fire ; needless. 

Thursday, 6th, 6-51 P.M. Box 126. 

No. 387 W. Broadway. Owned by F. B. James ; loss, $5 ; in- 
surance, $1,800; occupied by H. J. Poland, as restaurant; loss, $33; in- 
surance, $1,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 6th, 7-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 9 Windsor st. Owned by B. F. Parker; insurance, $2,706; 
occupied by A. Abrams, as dwelling; insurance, $3,000; originated on 
2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 6th, 8-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 58 Orleans st. Owned by J. O'Connor; cause, burning shav- 
ings in furnace ; needless. 

Friday, 7th, 4-29 A.M. Box 98. 

No. 212 Camden st. Owned by National Cordage Company; oc- 
cupied by National Cordage Company, as factory ; originated on 1st 
floor ; cause, friction of machinery. 

Friday, 7th, 3-44 P.M. Box 634. 

No. 156 Meridian st. Owned by M. D. Blackington; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by East Boston Furniture Company, as salesrooms; 
insurance, $17,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, ignition of kerosene 
stove. 

Saturday, 8lh, 2-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 17 Walnut pl. Owned by C. P. and C. D. Flagg; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by Wm. Gorham, as dwelling; loss, $50; originated 
on 2d floor; cause, children and matches. 



156 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 8th, 8-56 P.M. Box 57. 

No. 117 Albany st. Owned by I. Trafton; loss, $48; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by D. McCarthy, as stable ; originated in shed ; cause, 
careless use of pipe in bedding. 

Sunday, 9th, 3-50 A.M. Still. 

No. 61 Maverick sq. Owned by M. Dyer heirs; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by M. Coffey et al.,a,s dwelling; insurance, $1,000; originated 
on 2d floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — J. F. Feeley was slightly burned. 

Sunday, 9th, 11-10 A.M. Still. 
Centre pl. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Monday, 10th, 0-28 A.M. Box 15. 

No. 222 Commercial st. Owned by Lewis Wharf Corporation ; 
insurance, $1,000; occupied by S. Sullivan, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, smoking in bed. 

Tuesday, 11th, 0-44 P.M. Still. 
Longwood ave. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting grass. 

Tuesday, 11th, 5-15 P.M. Still. 
Neponset ave. Grass fire; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 11th, 10-30 P.M. Still. 
No. 276 Commonwealth ave. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Tuesday , 11th, 1 0-51 P. M. Box 6. 

No. 112 Leverett st. Owned by J. J. 0'Day;loss, $564; insur- 
ance, $3,000 ; occupied by J. H. Ricker, as provisions ; loss, $400 ; 
insurance, $1,500; occupied hj E. B. Thornton, as bakeiy; loss, $23; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 12th, 9-10 A.M. Still. 
No. 377 Beacon st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Wednesday, 12th, 10-06 A.M. Box 551. 
Park st. Cause, bonfire ; burning brush. 

Wednesday, 12th, 11-31 A.M. Box 462. 

No 14 Dunstable st. Owned by Winchester heirs; loss, $42; in- 
sui'ance, $6,00U ; occupied by J. G. Crawford et al., as machinist, etc. ; 
insurance, $9,000; originated on outside of building; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 12th, 11-35 A.M. Still. 

No. 103 Moreland ST. Owned by B. Sargent ; loss, $17 ; insurance, 
$6,000; occupied by J. Arnold, as dwelling; loss, $31 ; insurance, 
$2,000 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Wednesday, 12th, 4-35 P.M. Box 563. 
LaGrange st. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting rubbish. 



Fire Department. 157 



Wednesday, 12th, 8-58 P.M. Box 85. 

No. 9 Paul st. Owned by H. G. Boles; loss, $10; insurance, 
$12,000; occupied by T. Jennings etal., as dwelling; loss, $75; orig- 
inated on 2d floor ; cause, bi'eaking kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 12th, 9-12 P.M. Box 543. 
LaGrange st. Brush fire in the woods ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 12th, 10-30 P.M. Box 613. 

Simpson's wharf, Marginal st. 

Remarks. — Fire on board the Schooner "Jacob Reed." Damage, 
$250; insurance, $4,000; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 13th, 0-42 A.M. Box 126. 

No. 339 Broadway. Owned by Wm. Sohier heirs; loss, $1,008; 
insurance, $20,000 ; occupied by J. Podolski, as tailor; loss, $680 ; in- 
surance. $2,000 ; occupied by Murray & Irwin, as billiards ; loss, 
$142; insurance, $1,500 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 13th, 8-44 A.M. Box 46. 

No. 103 Milk st. Cause, explosion of chemicals. 

Remarks. — R. B. Griffin was fatally burned by the explosion. 

Thursday, 13th, 11-44 A.M. Still. 
No. 101 Cottage st. Cause, burning of meat on stove. 

Thursday, 13th, 0-21 P.M. Box 129. 

No. 294 Dorchester ave. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for 
fire. 

Thursday, 13th, ' 6-32 P.M. Still. 
No. 35 Hartford st. Needless; no fire. 

Friday, 14th, 11-38 A.M. Still. 

No. 6 Fellows court. Owned by E. Gilbreath ; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by J. Cantello, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
defective flue. 

Friday, 14th, 3-30 P. 31. Still. 
Beech and Washington sts. Brush fire ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 14th, 5-43 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Erie pl. Owned by M. A. Wilson ; loss, $25 ; occupied by M. 
A. Wilson, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, ignition of gas- 
oline stove. 

Friday, 14th, 6-25 P.M. Box 92. 

No. 687 Boylston st. Owned by H. B. Williams; loss, $1,325; in- 
surance, $100,000 ; occupied by E. Tompkins et al., as dwelling; loss, 
$4,986; insurance, $60,500: originated on 4th floor ; cause, cai'eless use 
of taper, igniting curtain. 



158 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 14th, 9-15 P.M. Box 16. 

Merchants row and Chatham st. Owned by Thorndike estate ; 
loss, $1,797; insurance, $10,000; occupied by C. E. Hodgkins, Jr., as 
dining-rooms ; loss, $646 ; insurance, $8,000 ; occupied by D. W. & 
J. L. Ellis, as butter and eggs; loss, $738; insurance, $10,000; occu- 
pied by J. L. Dolbeare, as cigars, etc.; loss, $13; insurance, $400; 
occupied by Cushing & Currier, as produce ; loss, $95 ; insurance, 
$1,600; originated on 4th floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, loth, 6-40 A.M. Box 244. 

No. 76 Circuit st. Owned by P. Leach ; loss, $90 ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by G. H. Newton, as dwelling; loss, $200 ; originated 
on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 15th, 8-31 P.M. Box 4. 

No. 124 Charlestown st. Owned by A. Curran; loss, $24 ; insur- 
ance, $3,000 ; occupied by A. Curran, as dwelling ; originated on 4th 
floor; cause, careless use of lamp. 

Monday, 17th, 1-25 A.M. Box 38. 

Central wharf. Owned by Merchants and Miners Transpoi'tation 
Company ; insurance, $150,000. 

Remarks. — Fire on board the Steamship "Chatham," caused by 
spontaneous combustion in cotton. 

Monday, 17th, 3-50 A.M. Still. 
Allbright court. Owned by J. Allbright; loss, $10; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by E. T. Pond, as stable ; loss, $10; insurance, $800 ; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, defective boiler-setting igniting flooring. 

Tuesday, 18th, 9-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 11 Harwich st. Owned by French & Son, agents; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by W. J. Look, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 
1st floor; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 19th, 6-02 A.M. Still. 
Norfolk st. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting manure pile. 

Wednesday, 19th, 7-53, 8-03 A.M. Boxes 417 and 411. 
Austin st. Owned by State of Massachusetts ; loss, $1,000 ; occu- 
pied by State of Massachusetts, as prison; loss, $1,400; originated on 
2d floor of workshops ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 19th, 1-50 P.M. Still. 
Church and Winter sts. Owned by Robinson heirs; loss, 
$5; insurance, $2,500 ; occupied by J. Cleary, as dwelling; originated 
on roof ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Wednesday, 19th, 8-32 P.M. Box 221. 
False alarm. 

Wednesday, 19th, 9-04 P.M. Box 455. 
No. 100 Arlington ave. Owned by J. T. and F. O. Reed; insur- 
ance, $2,500; occupied by N. E. Carving Company, as factory; insur- 
ance, $15,100; originated in boiler-room; cause, sparks from boiler 
furnace. 



Fire Department. 159 

Thursday, 20th, 0-18 A.M. Box 527. 

No. 1 St. Joseph st. Owned by Thos. McGuinness; loss, $90; in- 
surance, $3,500; occupied by C. O. Leary et at., as dwelling; loss, 
$50; insurance, $500; originated on 1st floor; cause, supposed mice 
and matches. 

Thursday, 20th, 10-45 A.M. Box 421. 

No. 29 Joiner st. Owned by M. E. Downer; loss, $10; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by Ellen Dunn, as dwelling; originated on roof; 
cause, sparks from chimney. 

Thursday, 20th, 11-30 A.M. Still. 
Orleans st. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting manure pile. 

Thursday 20th, 0-22 P.M., Box 265. 

No. 257 AVarren st. Owned by Geo. Hinman; loss, $250; insur- 
ance, $5,000 ; occupied by Geo. Hinman, as dwelling ; loss, $374 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; originated on 3d floor; cause, cai'eless use of lamp. 

Thursday, 20lh, 5-50 P.M. Still. 
Nos. 27 and 29 Purchase st. Automatic alarm; cause unknown. 

Friday, 21st, 3-12 A.M. Box 18. 

No. 51 Portland st. Owned by M. D. Kimball ; loss, $782 ; insur- 
ance, $27,350; occupied by Jenkins Bros. & Co., as coffin supplies; 
loss, $3,215; insurance, $32,100; occupied by Casino Art Co., as 
office; loss, $60U; insurance, $2,250; occupied by Hub Protective Co., 
as salesroom ; loss, $30 ; insurance, $3,500 ; originated on 5th floor ; 
cause, electric wires. 

Friday, 21st, 8-41 A.M. Box 241. 

No. 10 Moreland st. Owned by A. R. Wentworth ; occupied by 
G. S. Harris, as dwelling ; cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Friday, 21st, 10 A.M. Still. 

No. 517 Main ST. Owned by Cunningham heirs; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by Charlestown Stove Company, as stoves, etc. ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, overheated stove-pipe. 

Friday, 21st, 3-50 P.M. Still. 
Harrison ave. Cause, electric wires in West End Power House. 

Friday, 21st, 9-36 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Cedar st. Owned by A. White ; loss, $26 ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by A. White, as dwelling; loss, $98; insurance, $2,500; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, careless use of lamp. 

Friday, 21st, 10-08 P.M. Box 68. 

No. 5 Plympton ST. . Owned by M. Welch ; occupied by Baldwin 
& Emerson, as stable; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of 
kerosene stove. 

Remarks. — Frank Reynolds was severely burned about the limbs. 



160 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 22d, 1-20 A.M. Box 49. 

Nos. 43 to 47 Franklin ST. Owned by J. Simmons estate; insur- 
ance, $200,000 ; occupied by Everett Press Company, as printers ; loss, 
$73; insurance, $23,000; originated on 4th floor; cause, supposed rats 
and matches. 

Saturday, 2 2d, 7-34 P.M. Box 52. 

No. 129 Summer st. Owned by Lawrence heirs; loss, $262; insur- 
ance, $22,000 ; occupied by Weiss & Schmidt, as caps, etc. ; loss, 
$100; insurance, $3,000; originated on 5th floor; cause, hot ashes in 
wooden receptacle. 

Saturday, 22d, 9-19 P.M. Box 818. 

Cottage Farm station. Cause, sparks from pipe igniting waste 
in round-house. 

Saturday, 2 2d, 11 P.M. Still. 

No. 32 Shepard st. Owned by J. Welch heirs ; loss, $75 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by Mrs. Dungan, as dwelling; oi'iginated on 
1st floor; cause, careless use of pipe. 

Sunday, 23d, 9-05 P.M. Still. 
No. 34 Main st. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Monday, 24th, 3-43 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 124 Leverett st. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for 
fire. 

Monday, 24th, 9-26 P.M. Box 126. 

No. 374 Broadway. Owned by E. H. Brainard ; occupied by J. H. 
Gavin, as apothecary; loss, $15 ; originated on lstfloor ; cause, upsetting 
kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 24th, 10-04 P.M. Box 142. 

No. 68 Dove st. Owned by J. Coughlin ; loss, $20 ; insurance, 
$1,400 ; occupied by R. Frayer, as dwelling ; loss, $5 ; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, upsetting keix>sene lamp. 

Tuesday, 25th, 7-29 P.M. Box 41. 

No. 364 Washington st. Owned by Ticknor estate; insurance, 
$30,000; occupied by G. W.Davis, as gold-beater; insurance, $1,500; 
originated in basement; cause, friction of machinery. 

Wednesday, 26th, 0-12, 0-19 P.M. Box 419. 

Rutherford ave. Owned by Boston & Maine Railroad ; loss, 
$3,682; insurance, $8,000; occupied by Hosmer, Robinson, et al., as 
hay storage ; loss, $7,105; insurance, $32,150 ; originated in hay sheds ; 
extended to freight cars on tracks ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 26th, 10-42 P.M. Box 12. 

No. 153 Endicott st. Owned by M. and A. Massele ; loss, $50; 
insurance, $6,000; occupied by R. Vazella. as grocery; loss, $141 ; in- 
surance, $1,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 27th, 6-05 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 207 Eliot st. Owned by J. Stevenson; cause, careless use of 
lamp igniting alcohol. 



Fire Department. 161 



Thursday, 27th, 6-32 P.M. Box 631. 
No. 41 Sumner st. Owned by J. Morrison; insurance, $2,450; 
occupied by Boston Caulkers Association, as club-room ; originated on 
2d floor ; cause, pipe igniting clothing. 

Thursday, 27th, 7-47 P.M. Box 127. 
Cause, boy named Wm. Sweeney, aged 14 years, playing with trolley 
wire ; killed by electric shock ; needless alarm. 

Friday, 28th, 11-35 A.M. Still. 
No. 29 Fort ave. Owned by M. J. Scanlan; loss, $96; insurance, 
$6,000 ; cause, sparks from pipe igniting turpentine. 

Friday, 28th, 1-35 P.M. Box 416. 
Nos. 77 and 79 Main st. Owned by Wm. Hunt heirs ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by Brintnall & Osgood, as paper-hangings; loss, 
$189; insurance, $3,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of 
matches. 

Friday, 28th, 4-45 P.M. Still. 
No. 1198 Harrison ave. Owned by O. H. Davenport; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by Wm. Boyd, as plumber ; loss, $10 ; insurance, $200 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of candle. 

Friday, 28th, 6-44, 6-47 P.M. Box 96. 
Nos. 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8 Stanhope st. 3 Owned by Prov. Div. O. C. 
R.R. ; loss, $3,630; insurance, $10,000; occupied by Prov. Div. O. C. 
R.R. freight sheds ; loss, $1,017 ; insurance, $40,000; 2 and 4 owned by 
F. H. Peabody; loss, $135; insurance, $9,000; occupied by F. H. Pea- 
body as a stable; 7 occupied by W. A. Potter, heirs; loss, $67 ; insur- 
ance, $9,000 ; occupied by A. G. Weeks, as a stable ; 8 owned by R. E. 
Robbins ; loss, $38 ; insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by R. E. Robbins as a 
stable; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 29th, 3-56 P.M. Box 113. 

West First st., near A. Owned by Downer Kerosene Oil Company ; 
loss, $2,500 ; occupied by West & Jenny, as camphor works ; loss, 
$967; insurance, $6,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of 
chemicals. 

Remarks. — Thomas W. Hanley and Geo. Sike were severely injured 
and the building completely demolished by the explosion. 

Saturday, 29th, 9-55 P.M. Still. 
No. 318 Sumner st. Owned by C. J. Brown; loss, $27; insurance, 
3,000; occupied bj T J. E. Mclntire, as dwelling; loss, $75; insurance, 
originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 



Saturday, 29th, 10-55 P.M. Box 133. 
Cause, false alarm. 

Sunday, 30th, 9-59 A.M. Box 129. 
No. 34 Sixth st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Sunday, 30th, 11-25 A.M. Box 528. 
No. 3851 Washington st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Sunday, 30th, 4-17 P.M. Box 23. 
No. 3 Bowdoin sq. Owned by M. M. Cunniff; loss, $510; insur- 
ance, $75,000 ; occupied by Cobb, Bates & Yerxa, as grocery ; loss, 
$1,075; insurance, $16,800; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 



162 City Document No. 12. 



MAY. 



Monday, 1st, 11-06 A.M. Still. 
No. 51 Oliver ST. Cause, candle igniting cotton waste. No damage. 

Tuesday, 2d, 2-14 A.M. Box 642. 

No. 319 Saratoga st. Owned by H. Weston ; loss, $160 ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by M. C. George, as dwelling; loss, $108; insurance, 
$500; originated in basement; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 2d, 7-50 P.M. Still. 
No. 71 Trenton ST. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Wednesday, 3d, 1-20 P.M. Box 259. 

No. 227 Centre st. Owned by S. P. Fenno; loss, $350; insurance, 
$750 ; occupied by J. P. Fenno et al., as hay-shed, etc. ; loss, $650 ; in- 
surance, $1,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, incendiary. 

Thursday, 4th, 8-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 607 Washington st. Cause, electric wires igniting woodwork. 
No damage. 

Thursday, 4th, 9-32 A.M. Box 435. 

Medford ST. 

Remarks. — This alarm was occasioned by a landslide on the new 
park lands, which was supposed to have buried some children, and was 
given to summon help to rescue them ; it was needless. 

Thursday, 4lh, 10-49 A M. Box 113. 

N. Y. & N. E. Railroad. Cause, overheated stove in caboose car 
No. 16 ; damage, $75. 

Thursday, 4th, 3-18 P.M. Still. 
Nos. 45 and 47 Federal st. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken 
for fire. 

Friday, 5th, 6-51 P.M. Box 24. 
No. 12 Chambers st. Cause, explosion of kerosene lamp ; no 
damage. 

Friday, 5ih, 7 P.M. Still. 
.No. 101 Lowell st. Cause, ignition of kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Friday, 5lh, 7-50 P.M. Still. 

Cor. of I and Third sts. Owned by A. J. Brennan; loss, $5; 
occupied by A. J. Brennan, as out-building; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, incendiary. 

Saturday, 6th, 7-24 P.M. Still. 

No. 11 Oneida st. Cause, explosion of lantern; no damage. 

Saturday, 6th, 10 P.M. Still. 

No. 23 Linden Park st. Owned by W. A. Gaston ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by R. Doolan. as dwelling; loss, $15 ; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 



Fire Department. 163 



Sunday, 7th, 4-50 A.M. Box 142. 

Nos. 336 and 338 West Fifth st. Owned by I. L. Moore ; loss, $28 ; 
insurance, $2,000 ; occupied by Royal Compound Coffee Company, as 
factory; loss, $10; originated on 1st floor; cause, sparks from coffee- 
roaster. 

Sunday, 7th, 6-51 P.M. Still. 
No. 407 Atlantic ave. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Sunday, 7th, 9-07, 9-18 P.M. Box 47. 

Nos. 163 to 167 Oliver st. Owned by Wm. B. Crocker ; loss, $1,389 ; 
insurance, $30,000 ; occupied by Electrical Forging Company, as factory ; 
insurance, $31,000; occupied by Standard Chemical Company, as labo- 
ratory; insurance, $2,000; occupied by Wheelman Company, as print- 
ing; loss, $1,219; insurance, $14,300; originated on 3d floor; cause 
unknown. 

Nos. 165 and 167 High st. Owned by E. F. Billings; loss, $50; 
insurance, $28,000 ; occupied by Billings, Clapp & Co., as chemicals; 
insurance, $75,000. 

Nos. 129 to 139 Oliver st. Owned by E. J. Brown; loss, $123; 
insurance, $12,000. 

Nos. 155 and 157 High st. Owned by Franklin Fuller ; insurance, 
$11,000 ; occupied by Bradley, Hastings & Co., as hardware ; insurance, 
$60,000. 

Monday, 8th, 3-44, 3-49, 4-06 A.M. Box 47. 

Nos. 161 and 163 High st. Owned by C. B. Chase; loss, $6,789; 
insurance, $18,000 ; occupied by Wm. Jessop & Son, as iron and steel ; in- 
surance, $57,000; occupied by Kingsbury & Davis, as paper boxes; in- 
surance, $1,200; occupied by Ellis Lubricator Company, as oil cups ; 
insurance, $6,000 ; occupied by Massachusetts Electrical Engineering 
Company, as machine-shop ; loss, $3,342 ; insurance, $6,250 ; occupied 
by Shawmut Fuse Company, as fuse wires ; insurance, $3,000 ; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, electric wires igniting woodwork. 

Monday, 8th. 8-37 A.M. Still. 

No. 279 Columbus ave. Cause, overheated gasoline stove; no 
damage. 

Monday, 8:h, 4-43 P.M. Box 996. 

Norfolk st. Brush fire ; cause unknown. 

Monday, 8lh, 5-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 76 Dover st. Owned by L. Wyzanski ; loss, $48 ; insurance, 
$6,000; occupied by M. E. Phipps, as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, plumber's pot igniting woodwork. 

Tuesday, 9th, 11-51 A.M. Box 43. 

No. 523 Washington st. Cause, match thrown in waste-basket; 
no damage. 

Tuesday, 9th, 7-14 P.M. Still. 

No. 667 Bennington st. Cause, defect in chimney ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 9th, 7-40 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 84 Leverett st. Owned by C. Berry & Company; insurance, 
$1,000 ; occupied by C. Berry & Company, as liquors ; insurance, $2,000 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, gas-jet igniting woodwork. 



164 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 9th, 10-57 P.M. Box 34. 

State House extension, Derne st. Cause, incendiary; no 
damage. 

Tuesday, 9th, 11-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 669 East Broadway. Owned by E. J. McKenney ; loss, $5 ; 
insurance, $2,500 ; occupied by J. P. Kaulbach, as periodicals ; loss, $3 ; 
insurance, $450; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene 
lamp. 

Wednesday, 10th, 9 A.M. Box 4. 

No. 6 Endicott court. Cause, soot in chimney burning; no 
damage. 

Wednesday, 10th, 1-40 P.M. Box 419. 
Cause, bonfire of rubbish in prison yard. 

Wednesday, 10th, 7-13 P.M. Box 532. 
Mt. Hope cemetery. Burning of pile of rubbish ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 10th, 11-58 P.M. Box 28. 

Nos. 35 to 49 North st. Owned by J. P. Squires estate ; loss, $424 ; 
insurance, $40,000; occupied by Lyon & Sworoski et al., as tailors, 
etc.; loss, $1,083; insurance, $11,900; originated on 3d floor; cause, 
supposed mice and matches. 

Thursday, 11th, 1-35 A.M. Box 217. 

No. 220 Ruggles ST. Owned by Hughes & Clark ; loss, $50 ; in- 
surance, $1,800; occupied by J. M. Hunter, as dwelling; loss, $61 ; in- 
surance, $1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, supposed rats and 
matches. 

Thursday, 11th, 2 A.M. Still. 

West Third st. Owned by T. K. Neal ; loss, $10 ; occupied by 
T. K. Neal, as stable; originated in manure pit; cause, careless use of 
matches. 

Thursday, 11th, 4-53 P.M. Still. 

No. 26 Trenton st. Owned by G. W. Bennett ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$300; occupied by D. E. Crowell, as stable; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, children and matches. 

Thursday, 11th, 5-01 P.M. Box 249. 
No. 49 Ward st. Cause, children and matches ; no damage. 

Thursday, 11th, 8-40 P.M. Box 47. 

Nos. 389 and 391 Atlantic ave. Owned by J. O'Connor ; loss, $200 ; 
insurance, $400 ; No. 397 owned by J. W. Hildreth ; loss, $117 ; insurance, 
$3,500; occupied by O'Connor Bros., as junk-store; loss, $775; insur- 
ance, $75 ; originated on 3d floor, extended to adjoining building, No. 
397, slightly ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 11th, 9-32 P.M. Box 242. 

No. 18 Blue Hill ave. Cause, gas-jet igniting curtain ; no dam- 
age. 

Friday, 12th, 8-45 A.M. Box 13. 
No. 104 Richmond st. Cause, defect in chimney ; no damage. 



Fire Department. 165 



Friday , 12th, 9-05 A.M. Still . 
Washington st. Cause, electric wires igniting cut-out box of West 
End R.R. 

Saturday, 13th, 2-10 A.M. Box 416. 

Nos. 70 TO 74 Main st. Owned by Little heirs ; loss, $272 ; insur- 
ance, $7,000; occupied by J. J. Callahan, as printer; loss, $2,327; in- 
surance, $2,000; occupied by M. E. Nichols, as dry goods; loss, $375; 
insurance, $4,500; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 13th, 8-54 A.M. Box 15. 
No. 108 Fulton st. Cause, careless use of matches; no damage. 

Saturday, 13lh, 11-52 A.M. Still. 
No. 500 Harrison ave. Cause, burning paint from pots; needless. 

Sunday, 14th, 6-41 A.M. Box 561. 
Corey and Garden sts. Cause, soot in chimney burning ; no damage. 

Sunday, 14th, 6-59 A.M. Box 54. 

No. 90 Essex st. Owned by W. J. Wilson; loss, $531; insurance, 
$7,000; occupied by G. W. Capen, as salesroom; loss, $1,500; insur- 
ance, $2,500; occupied by McGuiness & Co., as liquors; loss, $224; 
insurance, $6,000; occupied by Boston Coat and Apron Supply Com- 
pany, as workrooms ; loss, $25 ; insurance, $500 ; originated on 2d floor; 
cause unknown 

Sunday, 14th, 11-41 A.M. Box 254. 

No. 3 Albert st. Owned by C. W. Norris ; insurance, $1,500; occu- 
pied by T. Muldoon, as dwelling; insurance, $600; originated on 2d 
floor ; cause, overheated stove igniting woodbox. 

Sunday, 14th, 12 M. Still. 
No. 476 Shawmut ave. Needless alarm. 

Sunday, 14th, 4-39 P.M. Box 52. 

No. 39 Kingston st. Owned by Z. A. Willard; loss, $428; insur- 
ance, $20,000 ; occupied by W. B. Witherell Company, as woollens ; loss. 
$410; insurance, $13,250; occupied by Day, Callaghan & Co., as ladies' 
cloaks; loss, $i,050; insurance, $10,000; occupied by Gowing, Sawyer 
& Co.; loss, $231; insurance, $26,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, 
ignition of sawdust in wooden spittoon. 

Sunday, 14th, 6-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 408 Federal st. Cause, spontaneous combustion in rubbish ; 
no damage. 

Sunday, 14th, 1 1-59 P.M. Box 431 . 
No. 9 Russell st. Cause, smoke from chimney ; no damage. 

Monday, 15th, 3-50 P.M. Box 212. 

No. 10 Pf.rch st. Owned by E. K. Jewett ; occupied by G. W. 
Fudge, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 3d floor; cause, children 
and matches. 



166 City Document No. 12. 

Tuesday, 16th, 8-56 A.M. Box 12. 

No. 2 Douglass court. Owned by J. Longmia; insurance, $2,500; 
occupied by C. Longmia, as dwelling ; loss, $5 ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, clothes igniting from stove. 

Tuesday, 16th, 8-36 P.M. Box 425. 

No. 66 Monument st. Owned by M. J. Kelley; loss, $35; insur- 
ance, $2,700; occupied by L. T. Barnard, as dwelling; loss, $200; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, kerosene-lamp explosion. 

Tuesday, 16th, 9-05 P.M. Box 469. 
Bow and Harvard sts. Owned by J. B. Clapp & Son ; insur- 
ance, $12,000; occupied by C. L. Burns, as store and dwelling; insur- 
ance, $700 ; originated in basement; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

■ Wednesday, 17th, 3-16 A.M. Box 5. 
No. 22 Lancaster st. Cause, breaking kerosene lamp; no damage. 

Wednesday, 17th, 3-30 A.M. Still. 
No. 104 East Newton st. Cause, slacking of lime owned by H. J. 
Adams ; damage, $5. 

Wednesday, 17th, 5-47 A.M. Still. 
Cambridge st. Owned by Samuel Leonard ; loss, $75 ; occupied by 
Mrs. A. Pettee et al., as dwelling; loss, $50; insurance, $500; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Wednesday, 17th, 7-18 A.M. Box 53. 
No. 611 Washington st. Owned by Parker heirs; loss, $362; in- 
surance, $135,000 ; occupied by C. G. Whitcomb, as jeweller ; loss, $25 ; 
originated on 6th floor ; cause, electric wires. 

Thursday, 18th, 3-28 A.M. Box 36. 
No. 286 Washington st. Cause, light mistaken for fire. 

Thursday, 18th, 9-10 A.M. Still. 
No. 7 Billerica ST. Cause, molasses boiling over on stove; no 
damage. 

Friday, 19th, 0-01 A.M. Box 835. 

No. 638 Cambridge st. Owned by Samuel Leonard; loss, $100; 
occupied by A. Pattee et al., as dwelling; loss, $85; insurance, $500; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Friday, 19th, 4-39 P.M. Box 241. 
Nos. 185 to 191 Warren st. Owned by Hugh Nawn heirs ; loss, 
$145 ; insurance, $6,000 ; occupied by E. W. King, as furniture ; loss, 
$52 ; insurance, $700 ; occupied by J. Philbrick, as carpenter ; loss, $25 ; 
insm-ance. $300; occupied by A. M. Strange, as painter; loss, $19; in- 
surance, $300 ; originated on 1st floor of No. 185, extended to adjoining 
buildings ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 19th, 9-19 P.M. Box 35. 
No. 37 Tremont st. Owned by Hammond estate; loss, $180; in- 
surance, $18,000; occupied by U. Kenison & Son, as chiropodists; 
loss, $66; insurance, $5d0; occupied by A. A. Mills, as art store; loss, 
$365 ; insurance, $3,500 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, supposed rats 
and matches. 



Fire Department. 167 



Friday, 19th, 10-38 P.M. Box 121. 

No. 122 West First st. Owned by Downer Kerosene Company; 
loss, $1,500; insurance, $500; occupied by Blaisdell Bros., as stable, 
etc.; loss, $4.021 ; insurance, $6,250; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
boiling over of oil on stove. 

Saturday, 20th, 8-59 A.M. Box 945. 
No. 374 Ashmont st. Cause, ignition of manure pile ; damage, $10. 

Saturday, 20th, 3 P M. Still. 
Cottage st. Brush fire ; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 20th, 8-39 P.M. Box 46. 

Nos. 36 to 42 Oliver st. Owned by M. Kimball estate ; loss, $193 ; 
insurance, $40,000; occupied by E.Smith & Co., as foundry; loss, $75; 
insurance, $7,000 ; occupied by W. J. Windram & Sons, as slipper pat- 
terns ; loss, $12; insurance, $6,500; occupied by Mclndoe Brothers, as 
printers; loss, $35; insurance, $13,500; originated on 4th floor ; cause, 
overheated smelting-furnace. 

Sunday, 21st, 7-13 A.M. Still. 
No. 175 Athens st. Cause, explosion of gasoline stove ; no damage. 

Sunday, 21st, 9-47 A.M. Box 66. 
No. 52 Middlesex st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Sunday, 21st, 11-44 A.M. Box 541. 
Mt. Hope cemetery. Cause, brush-fire igniting fence ; damage, $50. 

Sunday, 21st, 3-55 P.M. Still. 

Neponset-river bridge. 

Remarks. — This fire was on the Quincy side of bridge. Engine No. 
20 was called on a still, but an alarm was subsequently given in Quincy, 
when Engine No. 20 returned to quarters. 

Sunday, 21st, 7-55 P.M. Still. 
Collins st. Brush fire; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 21st, 8-08 P.M. Box 78. 
No. 74 East Newton st. Owned by W. A. England ; loss, $15 ; in- 
surance, $7,000 ; occupied by Harris Stocker, as dwelling; loss, $41; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Sunday, 21st, 8-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 102 West Newton st. Owned by E. Davis ; occupied by W. H. 
Pratt, as dwelling ; loss, $50 ; insurance, $2,000 ; originated on 2d floor ; 
cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Monday, 22d, 4-53 P.M. Still. 
No. 120 Tudor st. Cause, friction of machinery; no damage. 

Monday, 2 2d, 5-46 P.M. Box 221. 
No. 2 Elmwood pl. Owned by Mrs. J. G. Bartholomess ; loss, 
$222; insurance, $1,000; occupied by T. H. Flannery, as dwelling; 
loss, $200; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 



168 City Document No. 12. 



Monday, 22d, 11-01 P.M. Box 26. 

No. 29 Anderson st. Cause, incendiary. 

Remarks. — This five was on premises owned by L. H. Tasker, and 
damaged the plank-walk to the amount of $40. 

Tuesday, 23d, 3-01 A.M. Box 78. 

No. 39 East Brookline st. Owned by John Haggerty ; occupied by 
John Haggerty, as ashhouse ; loss, $75 ; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
hot ashes in wooden receptacle. 

Tuesday, 23d, 3-13 A.M. Box 86. 

No. 1625 Washington st. Owned by S. Smith heirs ; loss, $360 ; in- 
surance, $9,500 ; occupied by Charles E. Bryant, as billiard-hall; loss, 
$50; insurance, $2, 1UU ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, unknown. 

Tuesday, 23d, 8-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 819 East Foprth st. Owned by C. H. Spaulding; loss, $38; 
insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by W. A. Murphy, as dwelling ; loss, $160 ; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, careless use of 
matches. 

Tuesday, 23d, 10-25 A.M. Box 23. 

No. 15 Cambridge st. Owned by F. H. Moore; loss, $15; insur- 
ance. $25,000; unoccupied store ; originated on awning; cause, careless 
use of matches. 

Tuesday, 23d, 11-1,9 A.M. Box 112. 

No. 15 Swan st. Cause, children setting fire to old mattress; no 
damage. 

Tuesday, 23d, 0-21 P.M. Box 17. 

Nos. 78 and 80 North ST. Owned by F. J. Smith ; loss, $25 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000 ; occupied by Andrews & Sharkey, as carpenters ; insur- 
ance, $100 ; originated on roof; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Tuesday, 23d, 7-45 P.M. Still. 
No. 37 Orleans st. Cause, sparks on roof ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 23d, 10-16 P.M. Still. 

No. 3 Washington pl. Owned by M. Mahoney; loss, $5; occu- 
pied by M. Mahoney, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated in basement; 
cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — Mrs. M. Mahoney, aged 65, was fatally burned, dying 
soon after her removal to the hospital. 

Wednesday, 24th, 1-12 A.M. Box 127. 

Nos. 144 and 146 West Ninth st. Owned by Henry Faxon ; loss, 
$392; insurance, $1,000; owned by W. H. Bessom; loss, $18; insur- 
ance, $500; occupied by Kasauof & Co., as bakery; loss, $186; insur- 
ance, $200: orinated on 1st floor of No. 146, extended to adjoining 
building; cause, ignition of gasoline lamp. 

Wednesday, 24th, 7-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 2073 Washington st. Owned by H. W. Savage ; occupied by 
B. L. Soberski, as furnishing-goods : loss, $50; insurance, $4,000; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, gas-jet igniting goods. 



Fire Department. 169 

Thursday, 25th, 10-31 A.M. Box 212. 
Albany st. Cause, upsetting tar-kettle in yard of City Hospital. 

Thursday, 25th, 0-43 P.M. Box 915. 

East st. Owned by W. B. Whittaker; loss, $15; insurance, $500; 
occupied by W. B. Whittaker, as carpenter ; originated on outside ; cause 
unknown. 

Thursday, 25th, 1-18 P.M. Box 428. 

No. 183 Chelsea st. Cause, fumigating the house; no damage. 

Thursday, 25th, 2-08 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 Margaret st. Owned by Wm. J. Flynn ; loss, $40 ; insurance, 
$2,500 : occupied by seA^eral families, as dwellings ; originated on roof ; 
cause, children setting fire to old mattress. 

Thursday, 25th, 8-25 P. M. Box 225. 

No. 134 Norfolk ave. Owned by Thomas Lynch; loss, $52; 
insurance, $3,-171 ; occupied by M. Heffernan, as dwelling; loss, $110; 
insurance, $500; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 26th, 0-37 A.M. Box 944. 

No. 573 Adams ST. Owned by Edward Lewis, jr. ; loss, $650; insur- 
ance, $800; occupied by Catherine Jones, as dwelling; loss, $750; 
insurance, $1,200 ; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 26th, 9-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 179 Buoadway. Owned by A. Heyle; loss, $20; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by A. S. Amheran, as bakery; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel. 

Friday, 26lh, 10-49 A.M. Box 29. 

No. 62 Beacon st. Owned by J. Stephenson; insurance, $13,000; 
occupied by A. Scholl, as photographer; loss, $50; originated on 5th 
floor; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Friday, 26th, 2-23 P.M. Still. 

No. 160 Pleasant st. Owned by W. A. Hayes, agent; in- 
surance, $5,000; occupied by F. A. Conant, as grocery; loss, $10; 
insurance, $1,000 ; originated in basement ; cause, explosion of gas meter. 

Friday, 26th, 11-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 6 Stillman st. Owned by R. Roach; loss, $14; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied b}- M. Bei'man, as dwelling; loss, $50; insur- 
ance, $500; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 27th, 11-28 A.M. Box 726. 
No. 393 Federal st. Cause, friction of machinei-y ; no damage. 

Saturday, 27th, 3-40 P.M. Box 78. 

No. 673 Albany st. Owned by H. L. Ha}'ford ; insurance, $5,500; 
occupied by John Leland. as dwelling; loss, $5 ; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, children and matches. 



170 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 27th, 8-08 P.M. Still. 

Boston Sugar Refinery. Cause, lightning overcharging electric 
wires. 

Saturday, 27th, 8-13 P.M. Still. 

Highland st. Owned by Alex. Glover ; loss, $21 ; insurance, $2,400 ; 
occupied by Alex. Glover, as dwelling; loss. $22; insurance, $1,500; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, struck by lightning. 

Saturday, 27th, 8-17 P.M. Box 193. 

No. 25 Sagamore st. Owned by J. H. Skinner; loss, $30; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by J. H. Skinner, as dwelling; less, $113; 
insurance, $1,500 ; cause, struck by lightning. 

Saturday, 27th, 8-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 8 H/VSKiNS ST. Owned by Callahan heirs; loss, $25; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by Mary Myers, as dwelling ; originated on roof ; 
cause, struck by lightning. 

Sunday, 28th, 3-48 A.M. Box 57. 

No. 34 Tyler st. Owned by J. B. Shalam ; loss, $887 ; insurance, 
$8,000; occupied by L. N. Lambert, as dwelling; loss, $67; insur- 
ance, $500; occupied by L. F. Barrett, as dwelling; loss, $100; 
insurance, $500; originated on 1st floor, extended to adjoining 
building; cause unknown. 

No. 32 Tyler st. Owned by Win. Simms ; loss, $232; insurance, 
$1,500; occupied by R. H. White, as carpenter. 

Sunday, 28th, 7-13 A.M. Box 18. 

No. 20 Tremont row. Owned by J. S. Bailey ; insurance, $20,000; 
unoccupied store ; originated on 1st floor; cause, spontaneous combus- 
tion in oily rags. 

Sunday, 28th, 10-33 A.M. Box 41. 

No. 18 Arch st. Owned by J. T. Phelps ; insurance, $26,000 ; occu- 
pied by L. P. Cowles et al., as printers; insurance, $3,200; origi- 
nated on 4th floor; cause, spontaneous combustion in oily waste. 

Monday, 2,9th, 10-44 A.M. Box 819. 
Western ave. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Monday, 29th, 6-38 P.M. Still. 

No. 165 F ST. Cause, spontaneous combustion in oily rags ; no 
damage. 

Monday, 29ih, 9-27 P.M. Box 256. 

Heath st. Cause, burning rubbish ; no damage. 

Monday, 29 h, 9-48 P.M. Box 453. 

No. 537 Main st. Owned by N. Hannon ; loss, $26; insurance, 
$1,200; occupied by E. Young, as dwelling; loss, $60; insur- 
ance, $500; originated on 3d floor; cause, kerosene lamp explosion. 



Fire Department. 171 



Monday, 29th, 10 P.M. Still. 

No. 74 Warren st. Cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — Mrs. James Wilkes was seriously burned by her clothing 
taking- fire, and James Wilkes was badly burned trying to extinguish 
the flames. 

Tuesday, 30th, 5-18 A.M. Box 64. 

No. 929 Washington st. Owned by J. M. Clark ; loss, $197 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000 ; occupied by J. P. Lang el al., as bakery, etc. ; loss, $150 ; 
insurance, $2,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, kettle of fat boiling 
over. 

Tuesday, 30th, 8-08 A.M. Still. 

No. 118 West Concord st/ Owned by M. P. Kelley; loss, $50; 
insurance, $6,000; occupied by S. S. Kelley, as dwelling; loss, 
$75 ; insurance, $2,350; originated on 2d floor; cause, careless use of 
matches. 

Tuesday, 30lh, 10-07 A.M. Still. 

No. 454 Broadway. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire; no damage. 

Tuesday, 30th, 7-45 P.M. Box 88. 

No. 482 Columbus AVE. Owned by J. B. Tuttle; loss, $45 ; insur- 
ance, $10,000; occupied by J. B. Tuttle, as dwelling; loss, $25; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Tuesday, 30th, 8-43 P.M. Still. 
No. 228 West Third st. Cause, spontaneous combustion in manure 
pile. 

Wednesday, 31st, 11-19 A.M. Box 37. 

No. 171 Milk ST. Owned by Hunnewell heirs; insurance, $10,000; 
occupied by E. & F. King & Co., as paints, etc.; loss, $322; insur- 
ance, $33,000 ; originated in basement ; cause, overheated steam-pipes. 

Wednesday, 31st, 7 P.M. Box 922. 

No. 4 Duncan st. Owned by K. Landrigan ; loss, $20 ; insurance, 
$1,800; occupied by James Keenan, as dwelling, loss, $5 ; originated 
on 2d floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Wednesday, 31st, 8-05 P.M. Box 47. 

No. 271 Franklin st. Owned by J. A. Nowell ; insurance, $32,965 ; 
occupied by Ashton Valve Company, as factory; loss, $634; insurance, 
$37,383 ; originated on 4th floor; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 31st, 11-05 P.M. Box 548. 

No. 2 Lamartine-st. court. Owned by George Lang; loss, $22; 
insurance. $1,600 ; occupied by F. Burket, as dwelling; loss, $25 ; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of pipe in clothing. 



JUNE. 

Thursday, 1st, 6 A.M. Box 15. 

Commercial wharf. 

Remarks. — Fire on board steamer " Longfellow," caused by over- 
heated stove-pipe ; no damage. 



172 City Document No. 12. 

Thursday, 1st, 7-40 A .M. Box 948. 
Ko. 241 Neponset ave. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Thursday, 1st, 10-50 A.M. Box 77. 

No. 113 E. Dedham st. Owned by Holt, Adams & Co. ; occupied by 
Holt, Adams & Co., as storage; originated on outside of building; 
cause, incendiary. 

Thursday, 1st, 11-47 P.M. Box 45. 

Congress and Franklin sts. Owned by E. W. Pratt; loss, $1,731 ; 
insurance, $30,000 ; occupied by McKenney & Waterbury, as gas fixtures ; 
loss, $2,500; insurance, $25,000; occupied by Marshall & Son, as paper 
boxes ; loss, $230 ; insurance, $20,300 ; occupied by H. A. Flick, as 
paper boxes; loss, $860; insurance, $1,000; occupied by W. B. Jones, 
as paper stock; loss, $130; insurance, $300 ; originated on fifth floor ; 
cause, hot ashes from forge igniting woodwork. 

Friday, 2d, 2-55 P.M. Still. 
Williams st. Manure pile; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 3d, 6-16 A.M. Box 51. 

Nos. 291 and 293 Congress St. Owned by O. Ditson estate; loss, 
$274 ; insurance, $30,000 ; occupied by Boston Plate Glass Company, as 
glass, etc.; loss, $1,718; insurance, $32,500 ; oi'iginated on 2d floor; 
cause unknown. 

Saturday, 3d, 6-19 A.M. Still 

Exeter st. Automatic alarm from B.A A. Club-house ; accidental. 

Saturday, 3d, 7-55 A.M. Box 794. 
False alarm. 

Saturday, 3d, 9-53 P.M. Still. 

No. 20 Leverett st. Owned by J. Wolfe heirs; insurance, $1,500 ; 
occupied by P. Maguire, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; originated on 
first floor; cause, children and matches; no damage. 

Sunday, 4th, 0-05 A.M. Box 421. 

No. 30 City sq. Owned by M. Roughan ; insurance, $5,000; 
occupied by Mary Cosgrove, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 4th 
floor; cause, explosion of lamp. 

Sunday. 4th, 0-47 A.M. Box 72. 

No. 2 Davis st Owned by J. M. Way; loss, $440 ; insurance, 
$6,000 ; occupied by M. J. Flanagan, as dwelling ; loss, $60 ; insurance, 
$500; originated on 4th floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Minnie Marston was fatally injured by jumping from 
a window. 

Sunday, 4th, 1-35 P.M. Box 427. 

No. 2 Mansfield pl. Owned by C. G. Mansfield ; occupied by 
George T. Pratt, as dwelling; cause, upsetting kerosene stove; no 
damage. 

Sunday, 4th, 8-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 1229 Washington st. Owned by Minot heirs; loss, $15: insur- 
ance, $7,600; occupied by E.C. Sprague, as dwelling; loss, $38; insur- 
ance, $2,500; originated on 4th floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 



Fire Department. 173 



Monday, 5lh, 3-32 A.M. Box 16. 

Nos. 52 to 60 Elm St. Owned by Fifty Associates ; loss, $866 ; insur- 
ance, $33,000 ; occupied by A. H. Davenport, as furniture ; loss, $587 ; 
insurance, $114,000; originated on 4th floor ; supposed cause, careless 
use of cigar. 

Monday, 5th, 8-34 A.M. Box 52. 

Nos. 27 and 29 Kingston st. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken 
for fire. 

Monday, 5th, 11-15 A.M. Still. 
No. 75 Paris st. Cause, children playing with matches ; no damage. 

Monday, 5th, 2-07 P.M. Still. 
No. 262 Commonwealth ave. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Monday, 5th, 2-29 P.M. Still. 
No. 32 Thayer st. Cause, overheated thermostat. 

Monday, 5th, 4-13 P.M. Box 89. 

No. 80 Commonwealth ave. Cause, back draught from furnace; 
needless. 

Tuesday, 6th, 9-56 A.M. Box 24. 

No. 2 McLean court. Owned by George Sai-gent; loss, $540 ; in- 
surance, $2,200; occupied by J. Donohoe, as dwelling; loss, $100; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, ignition of kerosene stove. 

Tuesday, 6th, 9-56 A.M. 

Incorrect winding from Box 24 caused the apparatus to respond to 
Box 241. 

Tuesday, 6th, 1-03 P.M. Box 249. 

Station ST. Owned by Burkhardt Brewing Company ; loss, $25 ; 
occupied by Burkhardt Brewing Company, as storage ; insurance, 
$4,000; originated on roof; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Tuesday, 6th, 3-27 P.M. Box 98. 

No. 383 Northampton st. Owned by M. Rosenfield ; loss, $75; 
insurance, $4,000; occupied by Ella Evans, as dwelling; loss, $125; 
originated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 6th, 3-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 151 Broadway. Owned by F. Topham ; insurance, $1,500; 
occupied by J. F. Brennan, as dwelling; loss, $5 ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Tuesday, 6th, 7-40 P.M. Box 72. 

No. 19 Lucas st. Owned by L. Ware ; loss, $19 ; insurance, $5,000 ; 
occupied by K. Pollock et al., as dwelling ; loss, $100 ; insurance, $500 ; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Tuesday, 6th, 9-55 P.M. Box 72. 

No. 1098 Washington st. Owned by J. Parker estate ; loss, $3 ; 
insurance, $100,000 ; occupied by S. Abbott et al., as dwelling; loss, 
$45; insurance, $17,500; originated on 2d floor; cause, gas-jet igniting 
curtain. 



174 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 7th, 10-02 A.M. Still. 

No. 185 Kneeland ST. Owned by O. C. R.R. Corporation ; loss, $5 ; 
insurance, $100,000 ; occupied by G-. F. Lowell, as restaurant; insurance, 
$5,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated stove. 

Wednesday, 7th, 0-35 P.M. Still. 
No. 18 Atlantic st. Cause, boys setting fire to fence ; damage, $20. 

Wednesday, 7th, 4-52 P.M. Box 461. 

No. 525 Ruthekford ave. Owned by A. H. Allen estate; loss, 
"32; insurance, $11,500; occupied by J. F. McKenna, as dwelling; 
loss. $25; occupied by M. Riley et at., as dwelling, etc.; loss, $10; 
insurance, $7,500 ; originated on 4th floor ; cause, hot ashes in wooden 
barrel. 

Wednesday, 7th, 7-27 P.M. Box 214. 

No. 1920 Washington st. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Thursday, 8th, 11-15 A.M. Still. 
No. 40 Leverett st. Cause, children playing with matches. 

Friday, 9th, 0-57 A.M. Box 13. 

No. 148 Richmond st. Cause, spontaneous combustion in oily rags ; 
no damage. 

Friday, 9th, 4-07 P.M. Still. 

No. 1 Salem Hill court. Owned by T. F. Holding estate ; loss, $25 ; 
occupied by C, A. Aldrich, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
children and matches. 

Saturday, 10th, 10-57 A.M. Box 965. 

No. 317 Codman ST. Owned by H. L. Pierce; occupied by Bird & 
Green, as morocco dressing ; oi'iginated on roof ; cause, sparks from 
chimney; no damage. 

Saturday, 10th, 4-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 56 Orleans st. Owned by J. O'Connor; loss, $15; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by J. O'Connor, as wheelwright; originated on roof; 
cause, sparks from chimney. 

Saturday, 10th, 6-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 152 Liverpool ST. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Sunday, 11th, 10-04 A.M. Box 72. 

No. 1070 Washington st. Cause, cigarette thrown on awning ; 
damage, $12. 

Sunday, 11th, 0-29 P.M. Box 127. 

No. 198 E ST. Owned by John Rule ; loss, $25 ; insurance, $5,000 ; 
occupied by M. Conway, as dwelling ; oi'iginated on outside ; cause, 
children and matches. 

Monday, 12th, 0-48 A.M. Still. 

No. 33 Summer st. Owned by Gardner estate; occupied by C. F. 
Ho vey & Co., as dry goods; originated in basement; cause unknown; 
no damage. 



Fire Department. 175 



Monday, 12th, 6-47 A.M. Box 965. 

Codman ST. Owned by P. J. Lyons ; loss, $200 ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by P. J. Lyons, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 3d 
floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Monday, 12th, 9-28 A.M. Still. 

No. 319 West Fourth st. Owned by John Cathcart; loss, $10; 
insurance, $1,500; occupied by J. J. McNamara, as dwelling; origi- 
nated in basement; cause, defective flue. 

Monday, 12th, 5-52 P.M. Box 416. 

No. 36 Rutherford ave. . Owned by P. Barr ; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$1,600; occupied by P. Barr, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause, 
sparks from chimney. 

Monday, 12th, 9-03 P.M. Still. 

No. 336 Bennington st. Owned by M. ODonnell ; loss, $10; in- 
surance, $500; occupied by John Carter, as dwelling; loss, $35; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, upsetting kerosene stove. 

Tuesday, 13th, 3-25 A.M. Box 613. 

Simpson's Dry-dock. Cause, spontaneous combustion on board 
barque " P. J. Palmer; " damage, $25. 

Wednesday, 14th, 8-30 A.M. Still. 
No. 56 West Canton st. Cause, gas explosion; no damage. 

Wednesday, 14th, 10-13 A.M. Box 196. 
No. 267 Boston st. Cause, breaking kerosene lamp ; no damage. 

Wednesday, 14th, 9-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 1838 Washington st. Owned by Lawrence heirs; loss, $123; 
insurance, $22,500 ; occupied by A. G. McMillar, as barber shop ; loss, 
$125; insurance, $2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Wednesday, 14th, 10-421 P-M. Box 53. 

No. 13 Beach st. Owned by W. S. Hennessey; insurance, $15,000; 
occupied by W. S. Hennessey, as liquors; loss, $100; insurance, 
$5,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of candle. 

Thursday, 15th, 7-35 A.M. Box 632. 

No. 176 Border st. Owned by J. Robbins ; insurance, $2,000; oc- 
cupied by J. Cunningham, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Thursday, 15th, 10-27 A.M. Still. 
No. 4i Beacon ST. Cause, fall of ceiling breaking automatic wires. 

Thursday, 15th, 5-31h P-M. Box 425. 
No. 42 Cottage st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 



176 City Document No. 12. 



Thursday, 15th, 10 P.M. Still. 

Walnut st. Owned by P. J. Hoey; insurance, $1,000; occupied 
by J. J. Conley, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Friday, 16th, 2-27 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Peabody st. Owned by J. Winlock ; insurance, $3,000 ; oc- 
cupied by J. O'Connell, as dwelling; loss, $o ; insurance, $1,000; 
originated in basement; cause, explosion of kerosene stove, 

Friday, 16th, 6-06 P.M. Box 17. 

No. 3 Salem pl. Owned by J. Morrisey ; insurance, $4,000 : occu- 
pied by J. Morrisey, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause, fire- 
crackers ; no damage. 

Friday, 16th, 7-14h P.M. Box 114. 

No. 275 W. Second st. Owned by James Doody ; loss, $5 ; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by T. J. Cahill, as dwelling; originated on 
roof; cause, fire-crackers. 

Friday, 16th, 8-15 P.M. Still. 
South st. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 9-35 P.M. Still. 
Havre st. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 9-55 P.M. Still. 
Federal and Shaving sts. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 9-55 P.M. Still. 
Federal st. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 9-55 P.M. Still. 
Orleans st. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 10-03 P.M. Still. 
Lowell st. Cause, bonfire in street 

Friday, 16th, 10-041 P.M. Box 456. 
False alarm. 

Friday, 16th, 10-15 P.M. Still. 
Jeffries wharf. Cause, bonfire on the wharf. 

Friday, 16th, 10-15 P.M. Still. 
East Lenox and Reed sts. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 10-55 P.M. Still. 
Chelsea st. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Friday, 16th, 10-561 P.M. Box 435. 
Medford st. Cause, bonfire on vacant land ; needless. 



Fire Department. 177 



Friday, 16th, 11-23 P.M. Box 112. 
Gold st. Cause, bonfire on bridge ; needless. 

Saturday, 17th, 0-30 A.M. Still. 
Paris and Marion sts. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Saturday, 17th, 1-15 A.M. Still. 
Curve and Albany sts. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Saturday, 17th, 2-21 A.M. Box 62. 
No. 2 Park sq. Cause, hot ashes igniting barrel in yard. 

Saturday, 17th, 3-55 A.M. Still. 
Oak and Tyler sts. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Saturday, 17th, 10-20 A.M. Still. 
Paris and Porter sts. Cause, bonfire in street. » 

Saturday, 17th, 10-37 A.M. Box 249. 

No. 635 Parker st. Owned by B. Harvey; loss, $50; insurance, 
.$1,000; unoccupied dwelling; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 17th, 1-27 P.M. Still. 

No. 299 Tremont st. Cause, fire-crackers igniting awning; dam- 
age, $5. 

Saturday, 17th, 3-10 P.M. Still. 

Adams sq. Cause, trolley-wire igniting switch-boxes of West End 
R.R. 

Saturday, 17th, 4-59, 5-14 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 180 Portland st. Owned by P. Brigham heirs ; loss, $733 ; in- 
surance, $75,000; occupied by Indianapolis Cabinet Co., as salesroom; 
loss, $5,270; insurance, $6,000; occupied by Heywood Bros., as 
furniture; loss, $885; insurance, $47,000; occupied by A. J. Tuttle, as 
cutlery; loss, $100; insurance. $1,000 ; originated in basement ; cause, 
electric wires. 

Saturday, 17th, 8-55 P.M. Still. 

Broadway extension. Cause, bonfire in street. 

Saturday, 17th, 9-35 P.M. Box 127. 
West Ninth and E sts. Cause, bonfire in street; needless. 

Sunday, 18th, 1-46 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 280 Boylston st. Owned by Lucy Willard; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $1,300; occupied by L. Willard, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, incendiary. 

Monday, 19th, 4-17 P.M. Box 628. 

No. 188 Sumner st. Owned by Wm. P. Kuhn ; insurance, $16,000 ; 
occupied by M. F. Farrell, as plumber; loss, $2; originated in base- 
ment ; cause, ignition of gasoline vapor. 



178 City Document No. 12. 



Monday, 19th, 5-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 42 Ward st. Owned by M. H. Keenan ; loss, $5; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by H. Vennau, as dwelling; originated on roof; 
cause, sparks from chimney. 

Monday, 19th, 9-10 P.M. Still. 
Bickford ST. Cause, bonfire on the dump. 

Tuesday, 20th, 1-11 A.M. Box 612. 

Boston harbor, off Jeffries point. Cause, supposed incendiary. 
Remarks. — Fire on board the barge owned by S. W. Warren, lying 
off Jeffries point; damage, $2,000; insurance, $1,000. 

Tuesday, 20th, 6-20 A.M. Box 93. 
No. 635 Tremont st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 20th, 3-14 P.M. Box 419. 

No. 281 Rutherford ave. Owned by F. O. and J. T. Reed; loss, 
$25; insurance, $1,000; occupied by C. A. Armstrong, as stable; loss, 
$10; originated on outside; cause, sparks from tire furnace. 

Tuesday, 20th, 7-25 P.M. Still 

No. 343 Shawmut ave. Owned by G. W. Black ; unoccupied 
stable ; originated in basement ; cause, incendiary ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 20th, 10-19 P.M. Box 13. 

No. 223 Hanover st. Owned by J W. Shute ; insurance, $4,500 ; 
occupied by A. Brogi & Co., as hat store; loss, $63; insurance, $1,500; 
originated in basement; cause, gas-jet igniting woodwork. 

Wednesday, 21st, 8-30 A.M. Still. 
Norwood st. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting sleepers. 

Wednesday, 21st, 9-01 A.M. Box 4. 
No. 219 Endicott st. Owned by A. Bruno; loss, $25; insurance, 
$500; occupied by A. Bruno, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 2d 
floor ; cause, .breaking kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 21st, 0-26 P.M. Still. 
American Sugar Refinery, Lewis st. Cause, accidental cross- 
ing of automatic wires. 

Wednesday, 21st, 2-20 P.M. Still. 
Foundry st. Cause, bonfire of old building-material. 

Wednesday, 21st, 9-22 P.M. Still. 
No. 766 Washington st. Owned by H. Sigourney; loss, $1.0; in- 
surance, $6,000; occupied by A. Corry et al., as liquors, etc.; loss, 
$23 ; insurance, $4,560 ; originated on outside ; cause, explosion of 
lamp in illuminated sign. 

Wednesday, 21st, 9--4T P.M. Box 69. 

No. 322 Albany st. Owned by G. N. Black; loss, $10; insurance, 
$25,100; occupied by J. Riley, .as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, breaking kerosene lamp.. 



Fire Department. 179 

Thursday, 22d, 1-27 P.M. Box 14. 
No. 31 Fleet st. Cause, gas explosion; no damage. 

Thursday, 22d, 5 P.M. Still. 

No. 39 Kingston ST. Ignition of rubbish ; cause unknown ; no 
damage. 

Friday, 23d, 2-19 A.M. Box 7. 

Allen and Brighton sts. Owned by H. Marston ; loss, $100; 
insurance, $3,000; occupied by Blake Bell Company, as foundry; loss, 
$109 ; insurance, $5,000; originated in basement; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Saturday, 24th, 6-45 A.M. Still. 

Nos. 55 and 57 Oliver st. Owned by J. B. Glover; insurance, 
$17,000 ; occupied by A. Beckler, as brass goods ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$2,000 ; originated on 3d floor; cause, gas-jet igniting woodwork. 

Saturday, 24th, 1-36 P.M. Box 928. 

No. 33 Mill st. Owned by J. M. Olmstreet; occupied by J. M. 
Olmstreet, as stable; originated on 2d floor; cause, children and 
matches ; no damage. 

Saturday, 24th, 3-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 17 Kittredge ST. Cause, explosion of gasoline ; no damage. 

Saturday, 24th, 3-24 P.M. Box 26. 

No. 3 Cambridge-st. ave. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken 
for fire. 

Sunday, 25th, 11-45 A.M. Still. 
Main st. Cause, electric motor igniting car ; damage, $25. 

Sunday, 25th, 6-45 P.M. Box 5. 

Remarks. — This alarm was pulled by a citizen under the impression 
that it was a police patrol-box to summon the patrol to care for a man 
injured by electric car on Lowell street. 

Sunday, 25th, 9-32 P.M. Box 212. 

No. 66 Hampden st. Owned by G. Carbis ; occupied by John 
Little, as dwelling ; loss, $10 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, upsetting 
kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 26th, 11-37 A.M. Still. 

No. 168 Tremont St. Cause, sparks from chimney ; no damage. 

Monday, 26th, 9-18 P.M. Box 12. 
No. 18 Cooper st. Cause, explosion of gasoline ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 27th, 4-43 P.M. Still. 

No. 142 Friend st. Owned by A. W. Hastings ; loss, $53 ; insur- 
ance, $10,000 ; occupied by A. W. Hastings, as sash and blinds ; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause, dropping kerosene lantern. 



180 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 27th, 8-03 P.M. Box 215. 

No. 5 Warwick st. Owned by M. Marks ; loss, $53 ; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by Andrew Redman, as dwelling ; loss, $15 ; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 28th, 1-16 A.M. Box 62. 

No. 201 Eliot st. Owned by J. Stevenson; loss, $2; insurance, 
$2,500 ; occupied by H. R. Baxter, as dwelling ; loss, $60 ; insurance, 
$1,000 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 28th, 1-37 A.M. Box 35. 

No. 37 Tremont st. Owned by Hammond estate ; loss, $4,201 ; in- 
surance, $17,820 ; owned by Weld & Welch, trustees ; loss, $73 ; insur- 
ance, $12,000 ; occupied hy A. A. Mills, as art store ; insurance, $3,135 ; 
occupied by A. W. Merrill, as artist; loss, $150; occupied by J. J. 
Connelly, as auctioneer; loss, $179; insurance, $8,000; occupied by A. 
Benari et al., as liquors ; loss, $100 ; insurance, $3,000; originated on 
3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 28th, 1-50 P.M. Still. 
Orleans st. Cause, spontaneous combustion in manure pile. 

Thursday, 29th, 7-50 P.M. Box 57. 

No. 25 Hudson st. Owned by Newton Associates ; insurance, 
$16,000; occupied by A. Vraforo, as tailor; loss, $85; insurance, 
$2,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, fireworks. 

Friday, 30th, 0-42 P.M. Box 143. 

No. 5 Grimes st. Owned by Wm. Loveless ; loss, $15 ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by T. E. Doherty, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated 
on 3d floor; cause, children and matches. 



JULY. 

Saturday, 1st, 8-25 A.M. Still. 

No. 7.i£ Cambridge st. Owned by French & Son ; occupied by A. M. 
Shea et al., as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; cause, kerosene stove 
igniting curtain. 

Saturday, 1st, 9-17 P.M. Box 68, 

No. 600 Harrison ave. Owned by J. J. Williams ; occupied by 
P. K. McCarthy, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 1st, 9-59 P.M. Box 83. 

No. 32 Northfield st. Owned by R. O'Brien ; loss, $27 ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by F. McGillen, as dwelling ; loss, $25 ; originated on 
3d floor ; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 2d, 11-18 A.M. Box 436. 

No. 15 Walnut st. Owned by P. Killilea; insurance, $2,000; occu- 
pied by P. Killilea et ah, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, 
children playing with matches. 



Fire Department. 181 

Sunday, 2d, 0-12 P.M. Box 13. 
No. 183 North st. Cause, hot ashes in wooden box; no damage. 

Sunday, 2d, 4-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 6k CROSS ST. Owned by J. L. Romm ; loss, $20 ; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by several families, as dwelling; originated on roof; 
cause, boys setting fire to old mattress. 

Sunday, 2d, 5-40 P.M. Box 65. 
No. 38 Oswego st. Cause, building fire with kerosene ; no damage. 

Sunday, 2d, 10-05 P.M. Box 521. 

No. 143 Boylston ave. Cause, upsetting kerosene lamp ; no 
damage. 
Remarks. — A domestic named Honorah Ahlbery was fatally burned. 

Monday, 3d, 8-12 P.M. Box 112. 

No. 26 Colony st. Cause, fireworks igniting mattress on roof; no 
damage. 

Monday, 3d, 8-44 P.M. Still. 

No. 44 Monmouth st. Owned by J. McPherson ; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by F. H. Jorth, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, dropping match in can of powder. 

Monday, 3d, 10-44 P.M. Box 512. 

No. 40 Boylston st. Owned by Boylston estate ; loss, $10; occupied 
as hennery ; originated on 1st floor; cause, incendiary. 

Monday, 3d, 11-21 P.M. Box 13. 
No. 31 North sq. Cause, breaking kerosene lamp ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 4th, 0-07 A.M. Still. 

No. 23 Mill St. Owned by B. Flannagan; loss, $10; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by B. Flannagan, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated 
on 3d floor; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 2-32 A.M. Box 456. 
False alarm. 

Tuesday, 4th, 2.55 A.M. Box 368. 

Norfolk st. Owned by Geo. W. McCauley ; loss, $100; unoccupied 
dwelling; originated in shed in rear; cause, incendiary. 

Tuesday, 4th, 3-14 A.M. Still. 
No. 4198 Washington st. Owned by H. Lindell ; occupied by A. S. 
P. Weeks, as blacksmith ; originated on outside ; cause, incendiary. 

Tuesday, 4th, 8-28 A.M. Still. 

No. 95 W. Brookline st. Owned by L. Leftovitch ; occupied by A. 
Cutler, as dwelling; originated on 4th floor; cause, gas-jet igniting 
curtain. 



182 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 4th, 9-37 A.M. Box 226. 

No. 94A Blue Hill ave. Owned by Mary Kelley ; loss, $13; insur- 
ance, $4,500; occupied by E. J. Flynn, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 9-58 A.M. Still. 

Remarks. — Fire on board the schooner " Glenmere," lying at the 
State docks, caused by overheated stove in cabin ; damage, $1,000 ; 
owned by St. John, N.B., parties. 

Tuesday, 4th, 10-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 151 Tremont st. Owned by Hill heirs ; occupied by L. A. Dan- 
dridge, as dwelling ; originated on 5th floor ; cause, children and 
matches. 

Tuesday, 4th, 10-55 A.M. Box 427. 

No. 2 Bunker Hill st. Owned byM. J. Roughan ; loss, $10 ; insur- 
ance, $15,000; occupied by M. J. Roughan, as saloon ; loss, $20; insur- 
ance, $7,500; originated on aw r ning; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 11-55 A.M. Still. 

No. 128 Havre st. Owned by J. McLaughlin ; occupied by P. J. 
McLaughlin, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 11-55 A.M. Still. 

No. 151 Northampton st. Owned by L. Abrahams; loss, $15; in- 
surance, $4,000; unoccupied dwelling; originated on outside ; cause, 
fire-crackers in wooden conductor. 

Tuesday, 4th, 0-49 P.M. Box 216. 

No. 289 Ruggles ST. Owned by E. Bampton ; loss, $15; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by G. E. Malder, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 0-53 P.M. Box 53. 

No. 36 Essex st. Owned by A. P. Morse ; loss, $83 ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; unoccupied ; originated on roof ; cause, fireworks. 

Tuesday, 4th, 1-05 P.M. Box 634. 

No. 51 Bennington st. Owned by I. Adamson heirs; loss, $15; 
insurance, $1,500; occupied by D. L. Adamson, as dwelling; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on roof; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 1-17 P.M. Box 2. 

No. 498 Commercial st. Owned by A. Robbins estate ; loss, $85 ; 
insurance, $11,000; occupied by A. W. Hastings, as doors and sashes; 
originated on roof; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 2 P.M. Box 61. 

No. 99 Pleasant st. Owned by J. M. Wade ; occupied by J. Jelb- 
flosch, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause, fireworks; no damage. 

Tuesday, 4th, 2-11 P.M. Box 114. 

No. 319 D st. Owned by M. J. Ryder; occupied by M. J. Ryder, as 
stable ; originated on 1st floor ; set by children. 



Fire Department. 183 

Tuesday, 4th, 2-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 81 W. Canton st. Cause, fire-crackers on roof of shed; no 
damage. 

Tuesday, 4th, 2-55 P.M. Box 7. 

No. 2 Poplak PL. Cause, hot ashes igniting barrel in yard; no 
damage. 

Tuesday, 4th, 3-24 P.M. Box 432. 

No. 3 Avon pl. Owned by Wm. Kaymond; loss, $5; insurance, 
$500; occupied by James Farley, as dwelling; originated on roof ; cause, 
fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 3-28 P.M. Box 41. 

No. 277 Washington st. Owned by W. L. Wainwright; loss, $559 ; 
insurance, $4,000; occupied by F. A. Andrews, as jeweller; loss, $297 ; 
insurance, $1,200; originated on 3d floor; cause, ignition of benzine. 

Tuesday, 4th, 4-20 P.M. Box 457. 
Cause, fire across the city limits, in Somerville. 

Tuesday, 4th, 4-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 38 Warren st. Owned by A. Teel ; loss, $5 ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
occupied by A. Teel, as carriage shed; originated on roof; cause, fire- 
crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 7-04 P.M. Box 573. 

Lamartine st. Occupied by Wm. Anderson, as grocer; loss, 
$12; insurance, $1,000; originated outside; cause, fire-crackers ignit- 
ing awning. 

Tuesday, 4lh, 8-57 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 Fulton st. Owned by D. H. Baxter ; occupied by D. EL Baxter, 

as stable; originated on roof; cause, fireworks. 

Tuesday, 4th, 9-36 P.M. Box 212. 

No. 805 Albany st. Owned by J. Morrill ; occupied by M. J. 
O'Brien, as junk-shop; originated on roof; cause, fire-crackers. 

Tuesday, 4th, 10-02 P.M. SHU. 

No. 297 Border st. Owned by J. M.-Kenniston ; insurance, $300; 
occupied by R. J. Kenniston, as blacksmith ; loss, $5; insurance, $500 ; 
originated on roof ; cause, fire-crackers. ♦ 

Tuesday, 4th, 11-13 P.M. Box 368. 

Norfolk st. Owned by Geo. W. McCawley ; unoccupied dwelling ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, incendiary. 

Tuesday, 4th, 11-48 P.M. Still. 

No. 75 Westminster st. Owned by J. L. Noyes ; loss, $75; occu- 
pied by J. L. Noyes, as dwelling; loss, $300; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, supposed rats and matches. 

Wednesday, 5th, 5-09 A.M. Box 7. 

No. 79 Poplar st. Owned by R. Leibson ; loss, $65 ; insurance, 
$4,500; occupied by R. Leibson, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, incendiary. 



184 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 5th, 11-13 A.M. Box 212. 

No. 57 Hampden st. Owned by Miss Rigby ; loss, $8; insurance, 
$5,100; occupied by R. H. Mullen, as dwelling; originated on roof; 
cause, spai'ks from chimney. 

Wednesday, 5th, 2-15 P.M. Still. 

Temple PL. Cause, spontaneous combustion of rags on roof; no 
damage. 

Wednesday, 5lh, 7-49 P.M. Box 73. 

No. 303 Shawmut ave. Owned by H. N. Flagg; loss, $60; insur- 
ance, $68,000; occupied by C. A. Carter, as dwelling; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Wednesday, 5th, 8-58 P.M. Box 49. 

Arch and Otis sts. Owned by F. Waterman heirs ; loss, $1,446 ; in- 
surance, $45,000 ; occupied by H. T. Edwards, as electric fixtures ; loss, 
$3,300; insurance, $4,000; occupied by J. Rothwell & Co., as clothing; 
loss, $4,000 ; insurance, $235,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, electric 
wires. 

Wednesday, 5th, 9-57 P.M. Box 615. 

No. 245 Webster st. Owned by M. S. Anderson ; loss, $75 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by J. McCully, as dwelling; loss, $423; insur- 
ance, $2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, kerosene-lamp explosion. 

Thursday, 6th, 0-38 A.M. Box 93. 

No. 576 Tremont st. Owned by J. C. Haynes ; loss, $187 ; insurance, 
$400 ; occupied by R. & W. Ritchie, as paint-shop ; loss, $290 ; insur- 
ance, $500 ; occupied by G. Ritchie, as periodicals ; loss, $600 ; insurance, 
$1,000; originated in basement; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 6lh, 9-34 A.M. Box 214. 

No. 1904 Washington st. Owned by M. Rubolitz; occupied by A. 
E. Marr, as dwelling; loss, $10; insurance, $2,000; originated on 5th 
floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 6th, 1-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 14 Wordsworth st. Owned by C. Pfieffer; loss, $15; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by S. Fitzgerald, as dwelling; loss, $15; origi- 
nated on second floor ; cause, careless use of pipe in clothing. 

Thursday, 6th, 9-28 P.M. Box 636. 

No. 170 Bremen st. Owned by J. W. Holbrook; insurance, $200; 
occupied by B. Myer, as junk-shop ; originated on outside ; cause, in- 
cendiary. 

Friday, 7th, 10-10 A.M. Box 129. 
No. 44 West Sixth st. Owned by M. Hickey; occupied by Wm. 
Barrett, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 1st floor; cause, children 
and matches. 

Friday, 7th, 8-32 P.M. Box 15. 

No. 110 Commercial st. Owned by H. F. Ross; loss, $424; insur- 
ance, $6,000 ; occupied by Butler, Blethen & Butler, as fruits, etc. ; 
loss, $67 ; insurance, $2,500; occupied by E. C Miller, as cigars, etc. ; 
loss, $748; insurance, $4,000 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 185 



Friday, 7th, 10-44 P.M. Box 35. 

Tremont and Beacon sts. Cause, spontaneous combustion in rags 
in bath-rooms of Tremont House ; no damage. 

Saturday, 8th, 4-19 P.M. Still. 

Foundry st. Owned by South Boston Iron Company ; occupied by 
South Boston Iron Company, as storehouse ; originated on roof ; cause, 
sparks from locomotive. 

Saturday, 8lh, 5-31 P.M. Box 37. 

No. 134 Milk st. Owned by A. J. Burbank ; loss, $75 ; insurance, 
$5,000 ; occupied by A. Klipstein, as chemicals, etc. ; loss, $50 ; insur- 
ance, $28,100; originated on 2d floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Saturday, 8th, 6-34 P.M. Box 86. 

No. 9 Worcester sq. Owned by O. Lappen ; loss, $17; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by N. Manning, as dwelling; loss, $32; insurance, 
$3,000; originated on third floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Saturday, 8th, 11-55 P.M. Still. 

Waverley pl. Owned by D. Stanbury ; loss, $10 ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
occupied by J. McDonald, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
breaking kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 9ih, 10-24 A. 31. Box 6. 

No. 48 Barton ST. Owned by D. Livingstone ; loss, $46 ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by M. Negles, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 
1st floor; cause, kerosene stove taking fire. 

Sunday, 9th, 0-06 P.M. SHU. 

No. 11 CROSS ST. Owned by J. Colbert; loss, $20 ; insurance, $4,000 ; 
occupied by H. Hyman, as dwelling; originated on 4th floor; cause, 
children and matches. 

Sunday, 9th, 8-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 24 Somerset st. Owned by A. O.Richardson; occupied by 
M. Thomas, as dwelling; loss, $33; insurance, $2,000; originated on 
3d floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Sunday, 9th, 11-54 P.M. Box 53. 

No. 27 Hayward pl. Owned by J. Stetson ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$6,000; occupied by A. Dreyfus, as restaurant; loss, $75; insurance, 
$6,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, careless use of cigar igniting 
curtain. 

Tuesday, 11th, 1-02 A.M. Box 16. 

Nos. 20 and 22 North st. Owned by Hammond estate ; loss, $107 ; 
insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by N.E. Dressed Meat Company, as cold 
storage ; loss, $60 ; insurance, $60,000 ; originated in basement ; cause, 
sparks from furnace. 

Tuesday, 11th, 9-06 A.M. Box 529. 
Glenside st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 



186 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 11th, 10-34 A.M. Box 236. 

No. 198 Cabot st. Owned by C. Cleary; loss, $131; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by J. Evans, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 
outside ; cause, children and matches. 

Tuesday, 11th, 11-50 A.M. Still. 

No. 21 Bowers St. Owned by Thomas Shea; loss, $35; insurance, 
$600; occupied by C. H. Seiton,"as paint-shop; loss, $178; insurance, 
$700; originated on 1st floor; cause, boiling over of kettle of wax. 

Tuesday, 11th, 0-11 P.M. Box 129. 

____ No. 57 West Fifth st. Owned by J. Murphy ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
"',500; occupied by J. Murphy, as dwelling; loss, $47; insurance, 
originated on 3d floor; cause, defective flue. 



Tuesday, 11th, 1-56 P.M. Still. 

No. 137 Dorchester ave. Owned by T. Leavitt ; loss, $125; in- 
surance, $2,500 ; occupied by Ellen Carr, as variety store ; loss, $65 ; 
insurance, $800; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 11th, 3-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 59 West Third st. Owned by C. W. Loring; occupied by 
McVey & Crowley, as blacksmiths; originated on roof; cause, sparks 
from foi'ge. 

Tuesday, 11th, 4-11 P.M. Still. 

No. 11 India sq. Cause, ignition of gas from lantern. 

Tuesday, 11th, 6-04 P.M. Box 539. 

Hyde Park ave. Owned by L. Ramsay; occupied by Mrs. Demer- 
ritt, as dwelling; originated in shed; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 11th, 10 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Colton'st. Owned by L. J. Logan ; occupied by B. Connol- 
ley, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, breaking kerosene 
lamp. 

Wednesday, 12th, 3-10 A.M. Box 546. 

Montgomery st. Owned by L. Chapelle ; loss, $250 ; occupied by 
L. Chapelle, as stable-shed; insurance, $200; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, incendiary. 

Wednesday, 12th, 7-25 AM. Still. 

Nos. 38 and 40 Church st. Owned bv T. J. Homer, trustee; loss, 
$20 ; insurance, $2,500 ; occupied by M. Moley, as dining-rooms ; orig- 
inated on 1st floor; cause, overheated stove-pipe. 

Wednesday, 12th, 9 A.M. Box 35. 

Nos. 24 and 26 Tremont st. Cause, ignition of chemicals on stove ; 
no damage. 

Wednesday, 12th, 9-39 A.M. Box 87. 

No. 1 Parnell st. Owned by D. Coyne estate; loss, $424; insur- 
ance, $3,000 ; occupied by C. Coyne, as dwelling; loss, $435; insur- 
ance, $1,000; originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 187 



Wednesday, 12th, 0-07 P.M. Box 854. 

No. 4 Rockland st. Owned by Wm. Wild; loss, $20; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by W. Beal, as dwelling ; loss, $20 ; insurance, $ -100 ; 
originated in basement; cause, ignition of kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday , 12th, 3-20 P. M. Still . 
No. 46 Wareham st. Automatic alarm ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 12th, 4-29 P.M. Box 256. 

No. 11£ Bickford st. Owned by J. S. Bradbury; loss, $20; insur- 
ance, $1,500 ; occupied by S. Snyder, as dwelling ; loss, $25 ; originated 
on 3d floor ; cause, ignition of kerosene stove. 

Remarks. — Hoseman D. J. O'Dea, of Engine No. 12, fell from Truck 
No. 12 while responding to the alarm, and was run over by the truck, 
breaking his left leg and injuring the right severely. 

Wednesday, 12th, 8-50 P.M. Box 336. 

Montgomery st. Owned by N. Y. & N. E. R.R. ; occupied by N. Y. 
& N. E. R.R., as depot; originated on 1st floor; cause, electric wires. 

Wednesday, 12lh, 9-25 P.M. Box 454. 

Alford st. Owned by Metropolitan Sewage Commission ; loss, $20 ; 
occupied by Metropolitan Sewage Commission, as oil-sheds; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, sparks from furnace. 

Thursday, 13th, 8-52 A.M. Box 146. 

No. 762 E. Eighth st. Owned by J. McNamara; occupied by A. 
Hookway, as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; cause, children and 
matches. 

Thursday, 13th, 4-44 P.M. Box 561. 

Vermont ave. Cause, explosion of plumber's furnace ; no damage. 

Thursday, 13th, 5-39 P M. Box 157. 

No. 244 West Fifth st. Owned by Pearce Brothers ; occupied by 
M. Scheft'erin, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — Lieutenant Flanagan, of Chemical Engine No. 8, and a 
citizen named D. F. O'Neil were slightly injured by a collision between 
the engine and a wagon driven by O'Neil. 

Thursday, 13th, 9-31 P.M. Box 13. 
No. 141 Richmond st. Cause, burning of oily rags; no damage. 

Friday, 14th, 0-48 P.M. Still. 

No. 9 Fay st. Owned by M. Cohen; loss, $10; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied by G. Cohen, as dwelling; loss, $6; insurance, $300 ; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene stove. 

Friday, 14th, 2-37 P.M. Still. 

No. 851 Harrison ave. Owned by C. E. Cotting ; insurance, $6,500 ; 
occupied by A. McKeon, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause 
unknown. 



188 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 14th, 7-22 P.M. Box 54. 

No. 65 Essex st. Owned by M. D. Kimball heirs ; loss, $375 ; in- 
surance, $47,500; occupied by L. Sneider et al., as tailors, etc.; loss, 
$5,058 ; insurance, $14,725 ; occupied by Wheeler Manufacturing Com- 
pany, as workrooms; loss, $74; insurance, $3,000; originated on 5th 
floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 14th, 8-33 P.M. Box 9. 

No. 436 Commercial st. Owned by N. Billezia; loss, $32; insur- 
ance, $7,000; occupied by L. Miller, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated 
on 4th floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Saturday, 15th, 1-49 P.M. Box 127. 
Cause, false alarm given by boys. 

Saturday, 15th, 2-45 P.M. Box 838. 
Lincoln st. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting grass. 

Saturday, 15th, 3-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 71 Warren st. Cause, sparks from furnace igniting awning ; 
damage, $15. 

Saturday, 15th, 3-56 P.M. Box 125. 

No. 21 Earl st. Owned by J. Sweeney; insurance, $800; occupied 
by J. Sweeney, as dwelling; loss, $200; originated on roof; cause 
unknown. 

Saturday, 15th, 5-15 P.M. Box 69. 

No. 390 Albany st. Owned by Prescott & Hobbs ; loss, $150 ; oc- 
cupied by G. W. McCawley, as lumber; loss, $625; insurance, $4,500; 
originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 15th, 9-35 P.M. Still. 
No. 81 Bristol st. Owned by J. F. Paul ; occupied by J. F. Paul, 
as dry-house ; originated on roof ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Saturday, 15th, 11-31, 11-44 P.M. Box 37. 

Nos. 1 and 3 Commercial st. Owned by Quincy estate ; loss, $2,603 ; 
insurance, $23,500; occupied by H. Callender & Co., as grocers; loss, 
$21,373; insurance, $50,000; occupied by Call & Stevens, as produce; 
loss, $47; insurance, $4,000; occupied by G. H. Cheever et al., as 
produce ; loss, $155 ; insurance, $225 ; occupied by Fisher & Wise, as 
mill agents; loss, $152; insurance, $350; originated on 2d floor; cause 
unknown. , 

Sunday, 16th, 11-57 A.M. Box 91. 

No. 11 Albemarle st. Cause, smoke from stove; needless alarm. 

Monday, 17th, 8-56 P.M. Box 637. 
No. 263 Meridian st. Owned by W. Snelling; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$5,250; occupied by J. E. Sowden, as groceries; loss, $10; insurance, 
$2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Tuesday, 18th, 10-40 A.M. Still. 
No. 21 Trumbull st. Owned by J. Goldie ; insurance, $2,000 ; oc- 
cupied by A. Brennan, as dwelling; loss, $100; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, children and matches. 



Fire Department. 189 



Tuesday, 18th, 1-18 P.M. Box 2. 

No. 4 Phipps pl. Owned by Wm. Bagley; loss, $59; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by Mary Anderson, as dwelling; loss, $12 ; insurance, 
$500; originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 18th, 5-39 P.M. Box 919. 

No. 179 Freeport ST. Owned by D. Whelton ; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$1,400; occupied by M. Carey, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause, 
sparks from chimney. 

Tuesday, 18th, 5-48 P.M. Box 2. 

No. 4 Piiipps pl. Owned by Wm. Bagley ; insurance, $3,000; occu- 
pied \>y M. Anderson, as dwelling; loss, $75; insurance, $500; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Tuesday, 18th, 7-32 P.M. Box 539. 

Green Hill ave. Owned by P. Conly ; occupied by P. Conly, as 
dwelling; originated on 3d floor; cause, careless smoking in bed. 

Wednesday, 19th, 0-23 P.M. Box 127. 
No. 89 West Eighth st. Cause, smoke from chimney ; needless. 

Wednesday, 19th, 0-48 P.M. Box 127. 
No. 89 West Eighth st. Cause, smoke from chimney; needless. 

Wednesday, 19th, 1-02 P.M. Box 52. 

Nos. 36 and 38 Lincoln st. Owned by Harris estate; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by Harris estate, as storeroom; insurance, $5,000; 
originated on 5th floor ; cause, electric wires. 

Wednesday, 19th, 7-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 17 Cove pl. Owned by M. B. and C. P. Cummings ; loss, $50 ; 
insurance, $1,500; occupied by W. S. Sheridan, as dwelling; originated 
on 4th floor; cause, defective flue. 

TMirsday, 20th, 0-45 P.M. Box 925. 
Josephine, Ditson, and Leroy sts. Owned by W. L. Libby ; loss, 
$2,259; insurance. $6,000; owned by T. R. Emery; loss, $885; insur- 
ance, $3,000; owned byH. N. Siebert; insurance, $3,000; owned by A. 
C. Armstrong; insurance, $2,000; occupied by T. R. Emery, as dwell- 
ing; loss, $600; insurance, $1,000; occupied by H. N. Siebert, as 
dwelling; occupied by A. C. Armstrong, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor, extended to adjoining building; cause, careless use of matches. 

Thursday, 20th, 1-15 P.M. Box 424. 

No. 3 Crimmins pl. Owned by L. B. Coleman ;*loss, $30 ; insurance, 
$7,000; occupied by J. Sullivan, as dwelling; loss, $30; originated on 
1st floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Friday, 21st, 0-35 P. M. Still. 
Dudley and Warren sts. Cause, ignition of electric car from motor. 

Friday, 21st, 7-01 P.M. Box 113. 

No. 184 West First st. Owned by A. P. Morse; unoccupied 
stable; originated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of matches. 



190 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 21st, 9 P.M. Still. 

No. 63 Webster st. Owned by L. W. Wolfson; insurance, $1,700; 
occupied by J. Aronson, as dwelling; loss, $3; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, candle igniting curtain. 

Friday, 21st, 10-51 P.M. Box 254. 

Pynchon and Cedar sts. Owned by H. W. Habich & Co. ; loss, 
$135; insurance, $-53,910; occupied by Norfolk Brewing Company, as 
storehouse; originated on 4th floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 22d, 2-54 A.M. Box 37. 

No. 57 So. Market st. Owned by M. A. Clark; loss, $75; insur- 
ance, $5,000; occupied by W. F. Hall, as truckman; loss, $25; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, rats and matches. 

Saturday, 22d, 7-35 A.M. Still. 

No. 51 Northampton st. Owned by J. R. Magullion ; occupied by 
T. J. Williams, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 2 2d, 11-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 16 Winchester st. Cause, upsetting kerosene stove ; no 
damage. 

Saturday, 22d, 2-05, 2-09 P.M. Box 14. 

Nos. 269 and 273 Commercial st. Owned by G. W. Taylor; loss, 
$1,900; insurance, $10,000; occupied by J. A. Folsora & Co., as drug- 
gists ; insurance, $3,500 ; occupied by Minard Liniment Company, as 
liniment; loss, $1,674 : insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by Standard Clothing 
Company et al., as tailor-shop; insurance, $11,597; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Remarks. — By the breaking of a ladder of Truck No. 8, Hoseman 
Ryan, of Engine No. 25, was thrown to the sidewalk and seriously hurt. 
Sub. Sweeney, of the same company, and Ladderman Cottell, of H. & 
L. No. 8, were slightly injured from the same cause. 

Saturday, 22d, 4-15 P.M. Still. 

Boston & Albany freight yard. In freight car; cause unknown; 
damage, $100. 

Saturday, 2 2d, 6-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 490 Harrison ave. Cause, crossing of automatic wires. 

Sunday, 23d, 11-24 A.M. Box 29. 

No. 30 Chestnut st. Owned by Chas. Kennard; loss, $572; insur- 
ance, $5,000; unoccupied dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
slacking of lime. 

Sunday, 23d, 1-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 381 Main st. Cause, smoky kei*osene lamp. 

Sunday, 23d, 2-39 P.M. Box 451. 

No. 157 Medford st. Owned by R. A. Ballou ; loss, $15 ; insurance, 
$1,750; occupied by J. Coffin et al., as dwelling; originated on roof; 
cause, struck by lightning. 



Fire Department. 191 



Sunday, 23d, 8-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 369 Tremont ST. Owned by C. A. Baker; occupied by J. O. 
Shea, as dwelling ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Monday, 24lh, 3-34 A.M. Box 15. 

Nos. 13 and 14 Commercial wharf. Owned by Commercial 
Wharf Corporation; loss, $170; insurance, $2,000; occupied by O. 
Hodgkins, as paper stocks ; loss, $1,492; insurance, $2,250 ; originated 
on 4th floor ; cause, electric wires. 

Tuesday, 25th, 10-47 A.M. Box 146. 

No. 156 O ST. Owned by E. W. Hall ; loss, $65 ; insurance, $3,500 ; 
occupied by J. Ninen, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, children and matches. 

Tuesday, 25th, 10-04 P.M. Still. 

No. 23 West First st. Owned by P. Lally ; insurance, $11,000; 
occupied by Pratt Manufacturing Company, as shoe-findings ; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, sparks from forge. 

Wednesday, 26th, 2-50 A.M. Still. 

No. 79 Pitts st. Owned by A. McLane ; occupied by H. S. Polsey, 
as confectioner; originated on 3d floor; cause, hot ashes igniting coke. 

Wednesday, 26th, 9-30 A.M. Box 53. 

No. 623 Washington st. Owned by L. M. Crabtree; insurance, 
$60,000 ; occupied by J. F. Reynolds, as hotel ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$75,000; originated on outside; cause, match igniting awning; care- 
lessness. 

Wednesday, 26th, 10-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 158 Havre st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Wednesday, 26th, 3-44 P.M. Box IS. 

No. 46 Brattle st. 

Bemarks. — J. McDonald, an employe of the Lovell Arms Company, 
exploded a small quantity of powder while filling cartridges. He was 
slightly injured and removed to hospital. Captain Quigley, of Engine 
No. 6, was slightly hurt by falling on street while responding to the 
alarm. 

Thursday, 27th, 10-23 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 68 Nashua st. Owned by H. Williams ; occupied by J. Hamil- 
ton, as dwelling ; loss, $5 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, breaking kero- 
sene lamp. 

Thursday, 27th, 10-38 P.M. Still. 

Hotel Vendome. Cause, match thrown on awning; carelessness. 

Friday, 28th, 6-38 A.M. Box 57. 

No. 95 Hudson st. Owned by D. F. Hinckley; occupied by M. 
Jobitsch, as dwelling; loss, $5; insurance, $500; originated on 4th 
floor; cause, smoking in bed. 

Friday, 28th, 9-35 A.M. Box 129. 

No. 11 B ST. Owned by J. Holland; occupied by several families, 
as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, children and matches. 



192 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 28th, 11-08 A.M. Box 19. 

No. 35 Cross ST. Owned by A. Sussu ; loss, $35 ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by H. Goldman, as dwelling; loss, $35; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, sparks from chimney flue. 

Friday, 28th, 7-31 P.M. Box 17. 
No. 57 Salem st. Cause, smoke from kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 29th, 7-30 A.M. Box 4. 
No. 170 Canal st. Cause, ignition of fat on stove ; no damage. 

Saturday, 29th, 8-40 A.M. Still. 
No. 150 Pleasant st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Saturday, 29th, 8-50 A.M. Still. 
No. 28 Sullivan st. Cause, smoke from kerosene stove. 

Saturday, 29th, 5 P.M. Still. 
No. 29 Purchase st. Cause, breaking steam connection to boiler. 

Sunday, 30th, 5-08 P.M. Still. 

No. 63 Leverett st. Owned by L. R. Cutter; occupied by M. 
McAvoy, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, incendiary. 

Sunday, 30th, 11 P.M. Still. 

No. 10 Ridgeway lane. Owned by L. Norcross; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $2,000; occupied by H. P. Bradstreet, as dwelling; originated on 
roof ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Monday, 31st, 10-28 A.M. Box 146. 

No. 775 East Sixth st. Cause, children and matches ; needless 
alarm. 

Monday, 31st, 9-36 P.M. Box 83. 

No. 100 Camden st. Cause, gas-jet igniting curtain ; needless alarm. 

Monday, 31st, 11-50 P.M. Still. 
Allston. Freight car on B. & A. R.R. ; cause unknown. 

Appendix. 

In addition to the alarms enumerated above, there were 138 bonfires 
during the month to which the department was called, 131 being still 
alarms and 7 bell alarms. The majority of these bonfires were July 3, 
4, and 5. 



AUGUST. 



Tuesday, 1st, 0-32 P.M. Box 232. 

No. 3 Edwards pl. Owned by J. A. Edwards; loss, $125; insur- 
ance, $1,200; occupied by H. Crossen, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene stove. 

Remarks . — Mrs. Crossen was severely burned by burning oil. 



Fire Department. 193 

Tuesday, 1st, 9-20 P.M. Still. 
Pope st. Cause, rubbish set on fire by boys. 

Wednesday, 2d, 7-13 P.M. Box 72. 

No. 1060 Washington st. Cause, gas-jet igniting drapery; no 
damage. 

Wednesday, 2d, 7-39 P.M. Box 432. 
No. 65 Sullivan st. Cause, upsetting kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Wednesday, 2d, 8-40 P.M. Box 17. 

No. 69 Washington st. Owned by Wilde estate; loss, $204; in- 
surance, $12,500; occupied by C. Safford, as chemicals; originated on 
4th floor; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 2d, 10-37 P.M. Still. 

No. 844 E. Broadway. Owned by J. Mclntyre ; loss, $5 ; insur- 
ance, $5,000 ; occupied by J. Mclntyre, as dwelling ; loss, $27 ; insui*- 
ance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor: cause, explosion of kerosene 
lamp. 

Wednesday, 2d, 11-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 16 Kneeland st. Owned by L. Ware ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$15,000 ; occupied by M. J. McLaughlin, as restaurant ; insurance, $2,000 ; 
originated on awning, 1st floor; cause, careless use oi matches. 

Thursday, 3d, 2-35 A.M. Box 73. 

No. 3 Union Park st. Owned by S. D. Whitmore, agent; loss, 
insurance, $1,000; occupied by Len Soo, as laundry; loss, $25; 
originated in basement; cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel. 

Thursday, 3d, 9-34 A.M. Box 635. 

No. 26o Paris st. 

Remarks. — A child of Joseph Hankard was fatally burned by ignit- 
ing its clothing with coals pulled from stove. 

Thursday, 3d, 11-30 A. 31. Still. 

No. 374 Tremont st. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for 
fire. 

Thursday, 3d, 0-09 P.M. Box 9. 
No. 1 Webster pl. Cause, ignition of kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Thursday, 3d, 0-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 33 Grove st. Cause, light from kerosene stove mistaken for 
fire. 

Thursday, 3d, 1 P.M. Still. 

No. 84 Leverett st. Owned by C. Berry & Co. ; loss, $25 ; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by C. Berry & Co., as liquors; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on roof; cause, sparks from plumbers' furnace. 

Thursday, 3d, 6-41 P.M. Box 61. 

No. 18 Indiana pl. Owned by M. E. Bramen ; insurance, $5,000 ; 
occupied by J. F. Dorr, as dwelling; insurance, $1,500; originated in 
basement ; cause, gas explosion. 



194 City Document No. 12. 



Thursday, 3d, 7-52 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 23 Willard ST. Owned by L. Silverman ; loss, $125 ; insur- 
ance, $1,200; occupied by H. Pinansky, as dwelling; loss, $10; insur- 
ance, $500; originated on 2d floor; cause, ignition of naphtha gas. 

Thursday, 3d, 8-33 P.M. Box 87. 

No. 633 Shawmut ave. Owned by G. P. French; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by B. J. Thompson, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Friday, 4th, 5-30 A.M. Box 56. 

Nos. 155 to 159 Beach st. Owned by H. G. Hall; loss, $750; 
insurance, $10,000; occupied by A. Balkan, as tailor; loss, $306; in- 
surance, $1,000; occupied by J. W. Simmons, as clothing; loss, $646; 
insurance, $9,000; occupied by J. Peary & Bros, et als., as clothing; 
loss, $1,733; insurance, $18,700; originated on 2d floor; cause, un- 
known. 

Friday, 4th, 0-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 36 E. Chester park. Owned by Joshua Merrill ; loss, $50 ; 
insurance, $7,000; occupied by J. Merrill, as dwelling; insurance, 
$3,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Saturday, 5th, 8-56 P.M. Still. 
Chestnut pl. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Sunday, 6th, 2-24 A.M. Box 215. 

No. 961 Tremont st Owned by Luther Farwell ; loss, $295 ; in- 
surance, $4,000; occupied by M. A. Dolan, as grocery; loss, $325; 
insurance, $600 ; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 6th, 6-20 P.M. Box 219. 

No. 176 Ward st. Owned by M. Egan ; loss, $86 ; insurance, 
:$1,500; (Occupied by M. Egan, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated on 
roof ; cam&e„ struck by lightning. 

Sunday, 6th, 6-33 P.M. Box 69. 

No., '486 (Harrison ave. Owned by C. H. Bacon; loss, $800; insur- 
ance.: $20,000:; occupied by Moore & Sweeney, as wood-workers ; loss, 
$3,209 ; insurance., $14,300 ; originated on 4th floor ; cause, struck by 
lightning. 

Monday, 7th, 0-14 A.M. Still. 

No. 63 'Liverpool st. Owned by John Hurley; loss, $5 ; occupied 
by L. ZoEes, as junk store ; originated on 2d floor; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Monday^ 7th, 4-37 A.M. Still. 

Essex and Kingston sts. Cause, slacking of lime ; no damage. 



i, 7th, 5-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 107 Salem st. .Owned by M. Levy; loss, $60; insurance, 
$17,000; ^occupied by M. Lubelsky, as paints, etc. ; loss, $35 ; insurance, 
$750 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, ignition of benzine vapor. 



Fire Department. 195 



Tuesday, 8th, 3-48 P.M. Box 521. 

No. 50 Call st. Owned by B. F. Paige ; loss, $10 ; insurance, 
$1,500; occupied by Norfolk Cleansing Company, as work-rooms; in- 
surance, $500 ; originated on roof ; cause, sparks from locomotive or 
chimney. 

Tuesday, 8th, 4-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 46 Wareham st. Cause, defective automatic wires ; accidental. 

Tuesday, 8th, 5-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 123 Meridian st. Owned by S. S. Hoffses ; loss, $5; insur- 
ance, $3,000 ; occupied by Monroe & Davis, as boots and shoes ; insui'- 
ance, $4,500 ; originated in basement ; cause, ignition of gas from leak 
in meter connections. 

Tuesday, 8th, 5-14 P.M. Box 276. 
No. 2336 Washington st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Wednesday, 9th, 9-19 A.M. Box 644. 
No. 143 Eutaw ST. Cause, ignition of kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Wednesday, 9th, 4 P.M. Box 521. 

No. 195 Green st. Owned by J. A. Dixon; loss, $425; insurance, 
$800. No. 8 Union ave. Owned by E. Rowen ; loss, $56 ; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by J. A. Dixon, as stable; loss, $69; insurance, 
$150; occupied by J. M. Coleman, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor. 
No. 195 Green st. ; extended to No. 8 Union ave. ; cause, children and 
matches. 

Wednesday, 9th, 5-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 11 Brattle st. Owned by Goodwin & Rimbach ; insurance, 
$12,500 ; occupied by Goodwin & Rimbach, as hotel ; originated in 
basement ; cause, sparks from furnace. 

Wednesday, 9th, 5-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 69 Salem st. Owned by J. Ginsberg; insurance, $4,500; oc- 
cupied by M. Slobodkin, as dwelling; insurance, $600; originated on 
3d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Wednesday, 9th, 7-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 67 Indiana pl. Owned by R. Hill; loss, $20; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by R. Hill, as dwelling ; loss, $20 ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause curtain igniting. 

Wednesday, 9th, 10-13 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 5 Motte ST. Owned by C. G. Way; insurance, $15,000; occu- 
pied by S. Callish & Co., as tailors; insurance, $1,500; originated on 
4th floor ; cause, unknown. 

Thursday, 10th, 9-46 P.M. Box 4. 

No. 115 Haverhill st. Owned by B. R. Mitchell ; occupied by J. 
M. Ballou, as restaurant ; loss, $25 ; insurance, $800 ; originated in 
basement; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 10th, 10-08 P.M. Box 68. 
Wareham st. Owned by J. J. McNutt; occupied by J. J. McNutt, 
as wood-worker; originated in basement; cause, sparks from fireplace. 



196 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 11th, 11^59 A.M. Box 5. 

No. 52 Nashua st. Owned by James Driscoll ; loss, $15 ; insur- 
ance, $2,500 ; occupied by James Driscoll, as dwelling ; originated in 
basement; cause, defective chimney. 

Saturday, 12th, 9-55 P.M. Box 56. 

B. & A. Railroad yard. Cause, electric wires igniting woodwork 
of cable house. No damage. 

Sunday, 13th, 1-35 A.M. Still. 

No. 15 Cambridge st. Cause, cigar thrown from window on 
awning. 

Sunday, 13th, 0-55 P.M. Still. 
Geneva ave. Cause, set by boys in rubbish pile. 

Sunday, 13th, 4-26 P.M. Box 978. 

River st. Owned by Abbott Bros. ; occupied by Abbott Bros., as 
ice-house ; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 13th, 10-18 P.M. Box 86. 

No. 1560 Washington st. Owned by L. McEntee ; loss, $3 ; insur- 
ance, $6,000; occupied by John Foley, as dwelling; loss, $5; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Monday, 14lh, 4-11 P.M. Box 458. 

No. 478 Main st. Owned by Allen heirs ; insurance, $3,500 ; occu- 
pied by J. McKean, as storage ; loss, $25 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause 
unknown. 

Monday, 14th, 4-45 P.M. Box 541. 

Canterbury st. Owned by M. J. Kenney; insurance, $300; occu- 
pied by T. F. Welch, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, 
children and matches. 

Monday, 14th, 8-13 P.M. Box 56. 
No. 196 Kneeland st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. No damage. 

Monday, 14th, 8-30 P.M. Still. 
Mason st. 

Bemarks. — Ignition of fuel under boiler of Engine No. 26 from 
sparks left in fire-box. 

Tuesday, 15th, 8-20 A.M. Still. 

No. 4259 Washington st. Owned by Wm. Abe ; insurance, $9,000 ; 
occupied by Wm. Abe, as groceries; insurance, $1,000; originated in 
basement ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, loth, 0-01 P.M. Box 416. 

Nos. 88 and 90 Main st. Owned by J. Stone estate; loss, $50; 
insurance, $4,500; occupied by J. Lane et als., as dwelling; originated 
on outside ; cause, careless use of matches thrown in rubbish. 

Tuesday, 15th, 1-10 P.M. Still. 

Columbus ave. and Church st. Cause, electric motor igniting 
West End ear. 



Fire Department. 197 

Tuesday, 15th, 1-25 P.M. Still. 
Park sq. Cause, electric motor igniting car of West End R.R. 

Tuesday, 15th, 9-08 P.M. Box 64. 

No. 72 Shawmut ave. Owned by J. Cohen ; loss, $175 ; insurance, 
$40,000; occupied by I. Sprigall, as clothing; loss, $175; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 16th, 2-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 217 North st. Owned by Barnes estate ; insurance, $4,500 ; 
occupied by J. F. Mansfield & Co., as leathers; insurance, $9,500; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, fireworks igniting woodwork. 

Wednesday, 16th, 4-32 A.M. Box 648. 

No. 308 Lexington st. Owned by A. Parow; loss, $2; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by A. Parow, as dwelling ; originated in basement ; 
cause, spontaneous combustion in rags. 

Wednesday, 16th, 8-33 A.M. Box 454. 

No. 29 Beecham st. Owned by B. F. Brown; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by P. Geary et als., as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause, careless smoking in bed. 

Wednesday, 16th, 9-22 A.M. Box 65. 

No. 52 Oswego st. Cause, explosion of kerosene stove. No 
damage. 

Wednesday, 16th, 11-20 A.M. Still. 

No. 2 W. Broadway. Owned by J. E. Thacher ; insurance, $3,500 ; 
occupied by E. Daly, as apothecary; loss, $21; insurance, $1,000; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 16th, 11-25 P.M. Still. 
Third-st. bridge. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting bridge. 

Thursday, 17th, 10-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 11 North ave. Owned by J. J. Fitzgerald; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by J. J. Hoar, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, overheated steam-pipes. 

Thursday, 17th, 11-18 A.M. Box 19. 

Nos. 22 to 28 Charlestown st. Owned by A. Wentworth ; insur- 
ance, $2,000; occupied by Holmes & Blanchard, as machinists; loss, 
$25 ; insurance, $24,000 ; originated on 6th floor ; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Thursday, 17th, 0-14 P.M. Still. 

Chelsea bridge. Cause, careless interference with automatic wires. 

Thursday, 17th, 4-57 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 Cottage pl. Owned by J. J. Mundo ; loss, $150 ; insurance, 
$2,800; occupied by P. E. Keyes, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel. 



198 City Document No. 12. 



Thursday, 17th, 9-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 385 Atlantic ave. Remarks. — Miss Laura A. Jefferson satu- 
rated her clothing with kerosene and set the same on fire, burning her- 
self so badly that she died from her injuries. H. C. Barrett was severely 
burned while trying to extinguish the flames. 

Friday, 18lh, 1-56 A.M. Box 136. 

E. Third, near K st. Owned by Bay State Iron Association ; loss, 
$1,000; occupied by G. T. Lancaster, as wood-worker; insurance, 
'""I ; originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 



Friday, 18th, 6-03 P.M. Box 65. 
No. 177 Albany st. Cause, children and matches. No damage. 

Saturday, 19th, 2-37 P.M. Still. 
No. 145 Tremont st. Cause, matches thrown on awning. 

Saturday, 19th, 3-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 72 Monument ave. Owned by M. Kelly; loss, $10; insurance, 
$8,000; occupied by T. McCarthy, as dwelling; loss, $15; originated 
on 3d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Saturday, 19th, 7-37 P.M. Box 634. 
No. 171 Border st. Cause, ignition of shavings in tire furnace. 

Sunday, 20th, 8-05 A.M. Still. 

No. 93 Revere st. Cause, back draught from chimney. No 
damage. 

Sunday, 20th, 10-58 A.M. Box 856. 
Kinross road. Cause, cloths igniting from stove pipe. No damage, 

Sunday, 20th, 7-45 P.M. Still. 
Barnes st. Cause, set by boys in rubbish. 

Sunday, 20th, 9-16 P.M. Box 416. 
No. 55 Main st. Cause, smoke from oven mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 22d, 0-54 A.M. Box 245. 

No. 1350 Tremont st. Owned by T. Sproule ; loss, $325; insur- 
ance, $6,000 ; occupied by Bryan & Mitchell, as boots and shoes ; loss, 
$175; insurance, $11,500; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 22d, 6-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 25 Harwich st. Owned by G. W. Whitten ; loss, $25 ; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by J. R. Bonner, as dwelling; loss, $5; origi- 
nated in basement; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 23d, 10-55 A.M. Still. 
No. 339 Chelsea st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Wednesday, 23d, 7-56 P.M. Box 556. 
Cause, false alarm. 



Fire Department. lt>9 

Wednesday, 23d, 8-55 P.M. Still. 
No. 88 Meridian st. Cause, upsetting kerosene lamp ; no damage. 

Thursday, 24th, 1-22 P.M. Box 127. 
No. 5 Bill's court. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for fire. 

Thursday, 24th, 6-50 P.M. Still. 
No. 69 Warwick st. Cause, children and matches ; no damage. 

Thursday, 24th, 8-50 P.M. Box 4. 

No. 61 Haverhill st. Owned by A. Wentworth ; insm-ance, 
$1,500; occupied by Peterson & Co., as mouldings; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by H. W. Robinson, as furniture; loss, $ll»0; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by Hartin Bros., as liquors; loss, $210; insurance, 
$1,500; originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 25th, 10-14 A.M. Box 263. 
No. 31 Cranston st. Cause, careless use of matches ; no damage. 

Friday, 25th, 0-35 P.M. Still. 
No. 16 Holborn st. Cause, back draught from chimney ; no dam- 
age. 

Friday, 25th, 2-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 1 Lindell court. Owned by C. H. Tipliff; insm-ance, $5,000; 
occupied by Alice West, as dwelling; loss, $20 ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, curtain igniting from fiat-iron. 

Remarks. — Miss Alice West was slightly injured while trying to ex- 
tinguish the flames. 

Friday, 25th, 11.40 P.M. Still. 

E. Charlesgate and Beacon sts. Cause, spontaneous combustion 
in oily rags ; no damage. 

Saturday, 26th, 7-55 A.M. Still. 
No. 215 Friend st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Saturday, 26th, 2-10 P.M. Still. 
No. 31 School st. Cause, light from kerosene stove mistaken for 
fire. 

Saturday, 26th, 8-25 P.M. Box 71. 
No. 36 Dwight st. Owned by S. Strauss ; loss, $95 ; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by W. Gouch, as dwelling; loss, $100; insurance, 
$3,000 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 27th, 6-15 A M. Still. 
No. 480 Broadway. Cause, gas-jet igniting woodwork; no damage. 

Sunday, 27th, 1-45 P.M. Box 6. 
No. 9 Barton st. Owned by M. L. Hootstein ; loss, $25 ; insm-ance, 
$9,000; occupied by J. Lavine, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, upsetting kerosene stove. 

Sunday, 27th, 3-55 P.M. Still. 
Head pl. Cause, ignition of rubbish in ash-can in street. 



200 City Document No. 12. 



Sunday, 27th, 5-45 P.M. Still. 

' Eastern railroad wharf. Cause, bursting of steam-pipe on tow- 
boat " Curlew." 

Sunday, 27th, 8-43 P.M. Still. 

No. 3 Lemont st. Owned by T. Reilley ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by A. S. Nyman, as dwelling; loss, $20; insurance, 
" " ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, careless use of matches. 



Monday, 28th, 9-50 A.M. Still. 
No. 315 Sumner st. Cause, defective chimney ; no damage. 

Monday, 28th, 8-47 P.M. Still. 
No. 70 Broad st. Cause, cigar thrown on awning. 

Tuesday, 29th, 12 M. Still. 
Alford st. Cause, electric wires igniting bridge. 

Tuesday, 29ih, 0-06 P.M. Box 144. 
No. 797 East Third st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Tuesday, 29th, 4-36 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 87 Leverett st. Owned by H. Frye ; loss, $175 ; insurance, 
$7,400; occupied by J. Winstein, as dwelling; insurance, $500; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, unknown. 

Tuesday, 29th, 4-45 P.M. Still. 
Old Harbor and Eighth sts. Cause, set by boys in hollow tree. 

Tuesday, 29th, 5-21 P.M. Box 212. 
No. 57 Hampden ST. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 29th, 6-58 P.M. Still. 

No. 531 Dorchester ave. Cause, overheated stove-pipe; no dam- 
age. 

Tuesday, 29th, 8 P.M. Still. 
No. 185 Chelsea st. Cause, soot in chimney burning. 

Tuesday, 29th, 9 P.M. Still. 

No. 928 Tuemont ST. Owned by D. Thayer; insurance, $5,000 ; oc- 
cupied by J. Caller, as dwelling; loss, $8; insurance, $1,000; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 30th, 8-58 A.M. Box 639. 

No. 197 London st. Owned by E. Sloan ; insurance, $2,500 ; occu- 
pied by A. McCormack, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, rats and matches. 

Wednesday, 30th, 10-40 A.M. Still. 
No. 49 A ST. Cause, children and matches ; no damage. 



Fire Department. 201 



Wednesday, 30th, 6-45 P.M. Box 618. 

No. 10 Cottage st. Owned by P. Judge ; loss, $80 ; insurance, 
$8,500 ; occupied by Geo. Kinder, as dwelling ; loss, $200 ; insurance, 
$1,500; occupied by R. Smith, as dwelling; loss, $13; insurance, 
$1,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 31st, 3-30 A.M. Box 157. 

No. 246 Gold st. Owned by A. Mitchell; loss, $129; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by B. J. McNally, as dwelling; insurance, $600; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Thursday, 31st, 2-42 P.M. Box 65. 
No. 153 Albany st. Cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel ; no damage. 

Thursday, 31st, 3-24 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 44 Lowell ST. Owned by S. Livingstone ; loss, $43 ; insurance, 
$4,977; occupied by S. Livingstone, as dwelling; oi'iginated on 4th 
floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Thursday, 31st, 6-45 P.M. Still. 

Dudley and Hampden sts. Cause, electric motor igniting car of 
West End Road ; damage, $15. 

Thursday, 31st, 8-06 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 48 Lowell st. Owned by I. Moskovtze ; loss, $25; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by Krensky & Moskovtze, as groceries ; loss, $150 ; 
insurance, $1,800; originated in basement; cause, careless use of 
matches. 

Thursday, 31st, 8-14 P.M. Box 68. 

No. 439 Albany st. Owned by West End Corporation ; occupied by 
West End Corporation, as oil storage; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
unknown. 

Thursday, 31st, 8-30 P.M. Box 835. 

Hill st. Owned by James Muldoon ; loss, $50 ; occupied by James 
Muldoon, as tool-house; loss, $100; originated on 1st floor; cause 
unknown. 



SEPTEMBER. 



Friday, 1st, 8-50 A.M. Still. 

No. 1245 Washington st. Owned by D.J. Puffer; loss, $50; insur- 
ance, $8,000; occupied by M. Kane, as dwelling; loss, $41 ; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Friday, 1st, 4-58 P.M. Box 186. 

No. 771 Dorchester ave. Owned by T. Lane ; loss, $169 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000; occupied by A. Rolland, as dwelling; loss, $135; insur- 
ance, $800 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, ignition of kerosene stove. 

Friday, 1st, 7-07 P.M. Box 617. 

Grand. Junction wharf. 

Remarks. — Spontaneous combustion in oily waste on board grain 
elevator " Nile," owned by Boston Tow Boat Company, lying at the 
wharf; damage, $600; insurance, $24,000. 



202 City Document No. 12. 

Friday, 1st, 7-50 P. 31. Box 125. 

No. 265 Dorchester ave. Owned by L. E. Jones; loss, $15; occu- 
pied by C. W. Doyle, as blacksmith; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
sparks from forge. 

Friday, 1st, 8-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 844 Albany st. Owned by Sullivan Bros. ; occupied by J. 
McKee, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, children and 
matches. 

Friday,' 1st, 9-07 P.M. Still. 

No. 289 West Chester park. Owned by Hazen estate; loss, $16; 
insurance, $15,000 ; occupied by A. H. Sullivan et als., as dwelling ; loss, 
$30 ; insurance, $3,000 ; originated in basement ; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Saturday, 2d, 11-20 A.M. Still. 

No. 11 Grove st. Owned by S. Wheeler; loss, $10 ; occupied by L. 
Ruffan, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Saturday, 2d, 6-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 3 Sun Court st. Owned by M. A. Dolan ; insurance, $1,500; 
occupied by D. Magno el als., as dwelling; loss, $2, originated on 3d 
floor; cause, mice and matches. 

Saturday, 2d, 8-04 P.M. Box 114. 

No. 209 West Second st. Owned by P. Doyle ; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by P. Doyle, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, upsetting kei'osene lamp. 

Sunday, 3d, 0-12 P.M. Box 216. 

No. 49 Ward st. Owned by Wm. J. Stevens ; loss, $200 ; unoccupied 
stable ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Sunday, 3d, 8-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 48 Phillips st. Owned by R. W. Light; loss, $10; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by F. G. Mahoney, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, defective chimney. 

Monday, 4ih, 8-18 A.M. Box 75. 

No. 348 Shawmut ave. Owned by J. Maguire ; loss, $227 ; insur- 
ance, $9,000; occupied by J. Maguire, as dwelling; loss, $533; insur- 
ance, $1,500; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Piemarks. — Lieutenant Smith and Ladderman Harvey were injured by 
being thrown from Chemical Engine No. 2 while responding to this 
alarm. 

Monday, 4th, 10-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 100 Portland st. Cause, needless ; no Are. 

Monday, 4th, 0-20 P.M. Box 129. 

Dorchester ave. 

Remarks. — Sparks from locomotive igniting roof of shed for storage 
of hand-car on Old Colony R.R. ; no damage. 

Monday, 4th, 6-10 P.M. Still. 
Magazine and Eustis sts. Cause, bonfire set by boys. 



Fire Department, 203 



Tuesday, 5th, 0-47 A.M. Box 54. 

No. 32£ Harrison ave. Owned by J. Dickerman ; loss, $5 ; insur- 
ance, $8,500 ; occupied by Quing Sang Lung, as teas, etc. ; originated in 
basement ; cause, explosion of gasoline stove. 

Tuesday, 5th, 3-22 A.M. Box 65. 

No. 317 Harrison ave. Owned by Louis Ginsberg; loss, $523; in- 
surance, $8,500 ; occupied by Kasanoff & Co., as bakery ; loss, $220 ; in- 
surance, $800; originated in basement; cause, overheated baker's oven. 

Tuesday, 5th, 4-56 A.M. Box 461. 

No. 11 Caldwell st. Owned by J. Fisher; loss, $21; insurance, 
~ ' ; occupied by John Fisher, as cooper; loss, $10; insurance, $300; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 5th, 7-38 A.M. Still. 
No. 70 Broad st. Cause, ignition of gasoline vapor; no damage. 

Tuesday, 5th, 9-30 A.M. Still. 
No. 10 Church st. Cause, smoke from stove mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 5th, 10-25 A.M. Still. 

No. 548 Washington st. Cause, careless use of matches in rubbish ; 
no damage. 

Tuesday, 5th, 10-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 555 Washington ST. Cause, match thrown on awning ; no 
damage. 

Tuesday, 5th, 8-20h P.M. Box 49. 

Nos. 45 and 47 Franklin st. Owned by Simmons estate ; loss, 
$2,993; insurance, $200,000; occupied by Boston Bank Note Company, 
as engravers ; loss, $8,000 ; insurance, $23,000 ; occupied by Wm. Ames, 
as designer ; loss, $750 ; insurance, $750 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause 
unknown. 

Tuesday, 5th, 8-55 P.M. Box 62. 

Nos. 23 and 25 Piedmont st. Owned by M. M. Fittie ; occupied by J. 
F. Gordon, as grocery, etc.; loss, $700; insurance, $700; occupied by 
M. Brooks, as dwelling ; loss, $100 ; insurance, $600 ; originated on 1st 
floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 5th, 9-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 26 Kneeland st. Owned by B. C. Hincke ; insurance, $20,000 ; 
occupied by P. Stewart, as restaurant; loss, $16; insurance, $1,650; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, gas stove igniting woodwork. 

Tuesday, 5th, 9-37 P.M. Box 125. 

No. 893 Dorchester ave. Owned by G. H. Billings ; loss, $75 ; 
occupied by G. H Billings, as steel works; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, overheated furnace. 

Remarks. — Ladderrnan M. Norton of H. & L. No. 5 was slightly in- 
jured by coming in collison with an iron stay. 



204 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 6th, 10-20 A.M. Still. 

No. 17 West Dedham st. Owned by M. Smith ; loss, $10 ; insurance, 
$6,000; occupied by L. Marshall, as dwelling; loss, $32; insurance, 
$1,500 ; originated on 4th floor ; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 6th, 0-21 P.M. Box 636. 

No. 169 Paris st. Cause, boys setting fire to hen-house ; damage, 
$10. 

Wednesday, 6th, 1-30 P.M. Still. 

Dartmouth-st. Bridge. Cause, sparks from locomotive ; no 
damage. 

Wednesday, 6th, 2-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 34 Worcester st. Owned by J. O'Shea; occupied by S. Jack- 
son, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause unknown ; no damage. 

Wednesday, 6th, 7-25 P.M. Box 317. 

Bird-st. Station, N. Y. & N. E. RE. Cause, breaking kerosene 
lamp ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 6th, 8-58 P.M. Box 214. 

No. 2054 Washington st. Owned by J. F. Bush ; loss, $9 ; insur- 
ance, $7,500; occupied by A. Lavine, as grocery; loss, $75; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 7th, 0-35 A.M. Still. 
Harrison ave. Cause, bonfire set by boys. 

Thursday, 7th, 1-34 A.M. Box 823. 

Grant pl. Owned by A. Hill; loss, $75; insurance, $1,000; occu- 
pied by A. Hill, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
unknown. 

Thursday, 7th, 7-40 P.M. Still. 

NO. 9 Tremont row. Cause, soot in chimney burning ; no damage. 

Friday, 8th, 3-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 129 Warren ave. Cause, smoke from chimney mistaken for 
fire. 

Friday, 8th, 9-30 A.M. Still. 

Remarks. — Steam from a coal pile in the yard of the House of Cor- 
rection mistaken for fire. 

Friday, 8th, 10-32 A.M. Still. 
No. 50 Washington st. Cause, overheated thermostat; 

Friday, 8th, 10-36 A.M. Still. 

No. 7 U High st. Owned by J. Jacobs; insurance, $1,500; occu- 
pied by S. Powers, as cobbler shop; loss, $10; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, careless use of pipe. 

Friday, 8th, 4-37 P.M. Still. 

Market-st. bridge. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting 
bridge ; no damage. 



Fire Department. 205 



Friday, 8th, 9-05h P.M. Box 263. 

No. 2 Perkins ST. Owned by N. Curtis heirs ; loss, $2,350 ; insur- 
ance, $6,500; occupied by S. H. Kimball, as dwelling; loss, $3,178; 
insurance, $2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 8th, 9-40 P.M. Box 6. 
No. 124 Leverett st. Cause, careless use of candle ; no damage. 

Saturday, 9th, 0-14 A.M. Box 129., 

No. 222 Foundry st. Owned by J. L. Jones; loss, $290; insur- 
ance, $3,000; unoccupied dwelling ; originated on 1st floor; cause, in- 
cendiary. 

Remarks. — Ladderman Griffin of H. & L. No. 5 slightly injured his 
wrist. 

Saturday, 9th, 7-29 A.M. Still. 

No. 3 Hillside pl. Owned by Niles Bros. ; loss, $5 ; insurance, 
$1,600; occupied by W. H. Whiting, as dwelling; originated on 3d 
floor; cause, upsetting kerosene stove. 

Saturday, 9th, 10-41 A.M. Box 853. 
Foster st. Cause, bonfire, burning rubbish. 

Saturday, 9th, 8-10 P.M. Box 436. 

No. 6 Marshall pl. Owned by J. F. Bastin ; loss, $25 ; insm-ance, 
$1,000; occupied by R. Hennessey, as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 9th, 8-59 P.M. Box 227. 
No. 32 George st. Cause, spontaneous combustion ; no damage. 

Sunday, 10th, 0-40 A.M. Still. 
No. 27 Alger st. Cause, breaking lighted lantern ; no damage. 

Sunday, 10th, 4-50 A.M. Still. 

So. Boston flats, Boston Harbor. 

Remarks. — Slacking of cargo of lime on board the schooner " Willie 
G.," owned by Thomas Gould, of Boothbay, Me.; damage to cargo, 
$150 ; damage to schooner unknown. 

Sunday, 10th, 10-52 A.M. Still. 

No. 4 Pepperell pl. Owned by Wm. B. Harding ; loss, $5 ; insur- 
ance, $2,500; occupied by C. Cronin, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated 
on 3d floor; cause, careless use of pipe. 

Sunday, 10th, 2-41 P.M. Still. 

No. 10 Willard pl. Owned by J. S. Gill; loss, $15; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by E. Dennie, as dwelling; loss, $10; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, gas stove igniting woodwork. 

Sunday, 10th, 4 P.M. Still. 
No. 42 Piedmont st. Cause, smoke from kerosene stove. 

Sunday, 10th, 6-21 P.M. Box 12. 
No. 21 Cooper st. Cause, dropping kerosene lamp ; no damage. 



206 City Document No. 12. 

Sunday, 10th, 6-44 P.M. Box 651. 
Bennington st. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Sunday, 10th, 6-59 P.M. Box 24. 
No. 20 Blossom st. Cause, ignition of kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Sunday, 10th, 7-28 P.M. Still. 

No. 61 Salem st. Owned by Ginsberg estate; loss, $13; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by S. Kaparonski, as dwelling; loss, $20; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, candle igniting curtain. 

Sunday, 10th, 7-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 26 Prince st. Owned by J. Lythgoe ; loss, $10; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by L. Finklestein, as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, candle igniting woodwork. 

Monday, 11th, 8-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 95 Orleans st. Owned by J. F. McCrystal ; loss, $45 ; insur- 
ance, $1,800; occupied by J. J. Toohig, as grocer; loss, $5; insurance, 
$700 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, careless use of kerosene oil. 

Monday, 11th, 8-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 7 Bartlett pl. Cause, spai-ks from chimney igniting drapery ; 
no damage. 

Monday, 11th, 0-16 P.M. Box 648. 

No. 278 East Eagle st. Owned by Jewett Lumber Company; 
loss, $30; insurance, $4,000; occupied by H. Edwards, as dwelling; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, defective flue. 

Monday, 11th, 0-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 26 Franklin st. Owned by Samuel Hano ; loss, $15 ; occupied 
by Samuel Hano, as office ; originated on awning ; cause, sparks from 
loeomotive. 

Monday, 11th, 6-37 P.M. Still. 

A st. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Monday, 11th, 9-21 P.M. Box 24. 
No. 14 Parkman st. Cause, upsetting kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 12th, 3-42 P.M. Box 451. 

No. 94 Medford st. Owned by C. O. Raymond ; loss, $20 ; insur- 
ance, $1,800; occupied by J. Rogers, as dwelling; originated in base- 
ment; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — Engineman Gallagher, of Engine No. 36, slightly injured 
in foot by chuck. 

Tuesday, 12th, 8-05 P.M. Still. 
No. 27 Leverett st. Cause, match thrown on awning; no damage. 

Wednesday, 13th, 2-48 A.M. Still. 

Milton, Mass. Cause, call for aid from Milton; Engine No. 16 
responded. 



Fire Department. 207 



Wednesday, 13th, 5-16 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 22 Park SQ. Owned by Lawrence heirs; insurance, $60,000; 
occupied by Crawford Shoe Company, as salesroom ; loss, $40 ; insur- 
ance, $11,000; originated on awning - ; cause, matches thrown from 
window. 

Wednesday, 13th, 5-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 37 Decatur st. Owned by F. Casey; insurance, $2,000; occu- 
pied by E. M. Gorman, as grocery ; loss, $15 ; insurance, $7,500 ; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 13th, 6-10 P.M. Still. 
No. 8 Cushman AVE. Cause unknown ; no damage. 

Wednesday, 13th, 9-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 1222A Washington st. Cause, brick falling in chimney flue ; 
no fire. 

Thursday, 14th, 6-5.9 A.M. Still. 

No. 1 Bartlett pl. Owned by N. Freedman; insurance, $4,500; 
occupied by N. Pinofsky, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, ignition of kerosene stove while filling. 

Thursday, 14th, 4-08 P.M. Box 13. 

No. 10 Langdon pl. Cause, careless use of pipe in clothing. 
No damage. 

Thursday, 14th, 5-14 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 134 Eliot st. Owned by A. L. Hollingsworth ; loss, $107 ; in- 
surance, $3,433; occupied by E. W. Seldon, as carpenter; loss, $147; 
' insurance, $1,000; occupied by A. Mclnness, as painter ; loss, $3; in- 
surance, $600 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, careless use of naphtha. 

Thursday, 14th, 8-15 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 115 Albany st. Cause, breaking of kerosene lamp. No 
damage. 

Friday, 15th, 1-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 673 Saratoga st. Owned by J. McCormack ; loss, $2 ; insur- 
ance, $3,000; unoccupied dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
incendiary. 

Friday, 15th, 10-05 A.M. Still. 

No. 35 Porter st. Cause, ignition of kerosene stove. 

Friday, 15th, 1-40 P.M. Still. 
Tremont st. Cause, electric motor igniting car of West End R.R. 

Friday 15th, 3-46 P.M. Box 16. 

No. 28 Union st. Owned by D. W. Cushing, loss, $10; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by D. VV. Cushing & Co., as stoves, etc.; originated 
in basement ; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 16lh, 1-35 A.M. Still. 
No. 48 Linwood st. Cause unknown, grass fire. No damage. 



208 City Document No. 12. 

Saturday, 16th, 4-28 P.M. Box 421. 

No. 5 Chelsea st. Owned by P. O'Riovdan ; insurance, $8,000; 
occupied by J. Twohig, as dwelling; originated on 4th floor; cause 
unknown. No damage. 

Saturday, 16th, 8-15 P.M. Still. 
Poplar st. Cause, bonfire in hollow tree. 

Saturday, 16th, 8-37 P.M. Box 457. 
False alarm. 

Saturday, 16th, 11-10 P.M. Still. 
No. 167 Hanover st. Cause, electric wire igniting rubbish. No 
damage. 

Sunday, 17th, 7-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 288 Hanover st. Owned by William Ross; insurance, $6,500; 
occupied by M. Slutzky, as furnishing goods ; loss,-$25 ; originated on 
awning ; cause, match or cigar thrown from window. 

Monday, 18th, 2-20 A.M. Still. 
No. 256 Federal st. Cause, tramp baking potatoes under the 
stable. 

Monday, 18th, 8-10 A.M. Box 56. 

Remarks. — Explosion of " Pintsch " gas tank in car of N. Y., N. H. 
& H. R.R., Kneeland-street depot. No fire. 

Monday, 18th, 1-30 P.M. Still. 
No. 5 Groton st. Overheated boiler. No fire. 

Monday, 18th, 9-28 P.M. Box 363. 
Spencer st. 

Remarks. — Fire in hay-stack owned by M. O'Connell ; damage, $25 ; 
noinsm-ance; cause, incendiary. 

Tuesday, 19th, 6-50 A.M. Still. 
Cottage Farm bridge. Cause, sparks from locomotive igniting 
bridge. No damage. 

Tuesday, 19th, 6-27 P.M. Box 5. 
No. 73 Lowell st. Owned by M. Levine; loss, $75; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by S. Hirsfeld, as dwelling; loss, $99; insurance 
; originated on 2d floor; cause, breaking kerosene lamp. 



Tuesday, 19th, 6-30 P.M. Box 6. 
Given for previous fire at No. 73 Lowell st. Needless. 

Tuesday, 19th, 9-30 P.M. Box 57. 
No. 57 Harvard st. Cause, breaking kerosene lamp. No damage. 

Wednesday, 20th, 5-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 15 Pitts st. Owned by T. Burns ; loss, $15 ; insurance, $8,000; 
occupied by T. Burns, as dwelling; loss, $55; insurance, $1,800; origi- 
nated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 209 

Wednesday, 20th, 6-55 P.M. Still. 
No. 196 Kneelaxd st. Cause, cigar or match thrown on cloth 
sign. No damage. 

Wednesday, 20th, 9 P.M. Still. 
Porter st. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Wednesday, 20th, 9-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 1 Chambers st. Owned by J. B. Osborn ; occupied by A. 
Yeretsky, as tailor: loss, $15; insurance, $4,000; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, spontaneous combustion in oily rags. 

Thursday, 21st, 0-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 274 Bunker Hill st. Cause, naphtha lamp igniting woodwork. 
No damage. 

Thursday, 21st, 9-15 P.M. Still. 
Warren ave. Cause, bonfire to burn rubbish. 

Friday, 2 2d, 4 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Jefferson pl. Cause, boys setting fire to waste paper. No 
damage. 

Friday, 22d, 6-31 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 70 Brighton st. Cause, candle igniting window curtain. No 
damage. 

Friday, 22d, 10-06 P.M. Box 96. 

Columbus ave. Cause, falling of trolley wire of West End road. 
No fire. 

Friday, 22d, 11-59 P.M. Still. 

No. 69 Charlestown st. Cause, sparks igniting ashes under boiler 
furnace. No damage. 

Saturday, 23d, 0-20 P.M. Still. 
Prince st. Cause, boys setting fire to kerosene in the street. 

Saturday, 23d, 8-30 P.M. Still. 
No. 104 Dover st. Cause, gas-jet igniting woodwork. No damage. 

Saturday, 23d, 8-59 P.M. Box 465. 
Crescent ave. Owned by A. Young; loss, $400; insurance, $800; 
owned by H. Cousens ; loss, $45 ; insurance, $800 ; occupied by A. 
Young, as stable; loss, $943; insurance, $1,400; occupied by O. Has- 
kell, as stable; loss, $200; insurance, $500; occupied by A. Folsom 
et als., as stable; loss, $75; insurance, $950; originated on 1st floor, 
extended to adjoining building ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 24th, 12 M. Still. 
No. 436 Harrison ave. Cause, bonfire to burn rubbish. 

Sunday, 24th, 5-26 P.M. Box 6. 
Barton court. Cause, boys burning old mattress in open lot. 

Sunday, 24th, 10-09 P.M. Still. 
U.S. Hotel, Beach st. Cause, automatic alarm. 



210 City Document No. 12. 



Monday, 25th, 1-45 P.M. Box 71. 

No. 485 Tremont st. Owned byWm. Minot, trustee; loss, $819; 
insurance, $6,000; occupied by P. Wentzel, as naphtha cleansing; loss, 
$300; occupied by A. Wilson, as dwelling; loss, $100; originated on 
1st floor ; cause, gas-jet igniting naphtha vapor. 

Remarks. — Mr. Wentzel was severely, and Ladderman Hines of H. 
&L. No. 17, slightly burned. 

Monday, 25th, 8-52 P.M. Box 16. 
No. 25 Dock sq. Cause, electric wire igniting awning; no damage. 

Tuesday, 26th, 6-03 A.M. Box 413. 

No. 58 Austin st. Owned by S. R. Mann estate ; loss, $20 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by M. Flannagan, as dwelling; originated on 
2d floor; cause, children and matches. 

Tuesday, 26th, 11-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 31 New Walnut park. Owned by Holmes Brothers; loss, 
$10; insurance, $3,000; occupied by Wm. George, as dwelling; loss, 
$5 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, careless use of matches. 

Tuesday, 26th, 4-29 P.M. Box 236. 

No. 225 Vernon st. Owned by Geo. Lenth ; loss, $306 ; insurance, 
$4,000; unoccupied store; originated on 1st floor; cause, ignition of 
gasoline furnace. 

Tuesday, 26th, 5-10 P M. Still. 

No. 16 Cross st. Cause, matches thrown in rubbish ; no damage. 

Tuesday, 26th, 10-08 P.M. Still. 
Tremont row. Cause, electric motor igniting car. 

Tuesday, 26th, 10-45 P.M. Still. 
No. 63 Lowell st. Cause, explosion of kerosene lamp ; no damage. 

Wednesday, 27th, 6-17 A.M. Box 78. 
No. 82 E. Brookline st. Owned by L. Pokiorsky; loss, $12; in- 
surance, $4,000; occupied by L. Pokiorsky, as dwelling; loss, $18; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, unknown. 

Wednesday, 27th, 8-09 A.M. Still. 
Cause, round on tapper, Box 52. 

Wednesday, 27th, 10-21 A.M. Box 416. 
No. 50 Pleasant st. Owned by J. R. Murphy ; loss, $20; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by J. I. Quigley et als., as dwelling; loss, $53; 
insurance, $8,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Wednesday, 27th, 11-58 A.M. Box 7. 
No. 23 Spring st. Cause, boys setting fire to rubbish; no damage. 

Wednesday, 27th, 5-48 P.M. Still. 
No. 6 N. Hudson st. Owned by H. F. Sheeran ; loss, $30 ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by P. Lees, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated in 
basement; cause, set by boys. 



Fire Department. 211 

Wednesday, 27th, 6-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 81 Maverick st. Owned by E. Sloan; insurance, $2,500; oc- 
cupied by E. Sloan, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, soot from chimney igniting sofa. 

Wednesday, 27th, 6-19 P.M. Box 136. 
No. 4 Bay State pl. Cause, upsetting kerosene lamp; no damage. 

Wednesday, 27th, 7 P.M. Still. 
No. 54 Stanhope st. Cause, burning paper in furnace ; no fire. 

Wednesday, 27th, 8-11 P.M. Box 57. 
No. 48 Hudson st. Cause, breaking kerosene lamp; no damage. 

Wednesday, 27th, 9-22 P.M. Still. 
No. 23 Spring st. Cause, boys setting fire to rubbish ; no damage. 

Thursday, 28th, 0-50 A.M. Box 54. 

No. 19£ Beach st. Owned by P. Fahey; loss, $129; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by W. C. Bulvan, as carpenter ; loss, $225 ; insurance, 
i ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, unknown. 



Thursday, 28th, 1-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 269 Commercial st. Owned by G. W. Taylor; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by J. Folsom, as apothecary; loss, $18; insurance, 
$2,500 ; originated on awning ; cause, cigar or match thrown from 
window. 

Thursday, 28th, 6-25 P.M. Still. 

Tremont row. Cause, electric motor igniting car of West End R.R. 

Thursday, 28lh, 9-50 P.M. Still. 
No. 127 Centre st. Cause, gas-jet igniting curtain; no damage. 

Friday, 29th, 2-56 A.M. Box 53. 

No. 5 Rowe PL. Owned by E. Sears ; loss, $541 ; insurance, $4,000 ; 
occupied by A. C. Cohen, as shirt factory; loss, $4,500; insurance, 
$9,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 29th, 8-22 A.M. Box 87. 
No. 10 Dillon st. Cause, children and matches ; no damage. 

Friday, 29th, 8-22 A.M. 
Cause, defective winding from Box 87 received Box 57. 

Friday, 29th, 3-39 P.M. Box 24. 
No. 14 Parkman st. Cause, upsetting kerosene stove ; no damage. 

Friday, 29th, 5-25 P.M. Still. 
No. 9 Knox st. Cause, smoke from kerosene lamp. 

Friday, 29th, 6-45 P.M. Still. 
No. 74 Boylston st. Cause, light mistaken for fire. 



212 City Document No. 12. 

Friday, 29th, 9-14 P.M. Box 56., 
No. 802 Federal st. Cause, lamp igniting naphtha vapor. 

Saturday, 30th, 3-20 A.M. Still. 
Kneeland-st. Depot. Cause, overheated oven ; no damage. 

Saturday, 30th, 11-10 A.M. Still. 
No. 436 Harrison ave. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Saturday, 30th, 5-50 P.M. Still. 
No. 436 Harrison ave. Cause, bonfire, set by boys. 

Saturday, 30lh, 6 P.M. Still. 
Holland st. Cause, bonfire in pile of brush. 



OCTOBER. 



Sunday, 1st, 3-13 A.M. 2d alarm, 3-23 A.M. Box 84. 

No. 483 Beacon st. Owned by C. W. Claggett; loss, $4,000; in- 
surance, $25,000; occupied by J. R. Fuller, as dwelling; originated in 
basement; cause, supposed spontaneous combustion. 

Sunday, 1st, 9-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 80 Cottage st. Owned by Mrs. Ann McKillope; loss, $5; 
insurance, $1,000; occupied by Wm. Whalen, as dwelling; originated 
on cellar floor; cause, kerosene lamp fell on hot stove and broke. 

Sunday, 1st, 6-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 30 Eustis ST. Owned by A. C. Paul; occupied by A. C. Paul, 
as dwelling ; originated in chimney ; cause, foul chimney filling house 
with smoke. 

Remarks. — No fire. 

Sunday, 1st, 9-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 55 Matn ST. Owned by E. J. Clous estate ; insurance, $1,600 ; 
occupied by Annie Keaney, as bakery; insurance, $1,300; needless. 

Sunday, 1st, 10-11 P.M. Box 416. 

Nos. 91 and 93 Main st. Owned by B. F. Austin estate; loss, $25; 
owned by J. Mumler; loss, $15; insurance, $1,500; occupied by 
B. F. Webster, as shoe store; insurance, $3,000; occupied by J. Mum- 
ler, as ice-cream saloon ; insurance, $3,000 ; originated on outside of 
building; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 1st, 11-21 P.M. Box 64. 

No. 5 Orange lane. Owned by Michael J. O'Brien ; loss, $25 ; in- 
surance, $666 ; occupied by Michael Higgins, as dwelling; originated 
on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Monday, 2d, 7-25 A.M. Box 42. 

Nos. 35 to 41 Winter st. Owned by Dr. Inches et als. ; occupied by 
D. Conrad & Son, as dress goods; originated on outside of building in 
switch box ; cause, short circuit; needless alarm. 



Fire Department. 213 



Monday, 2d, 9 A.M. Still. 
No. 6 Buckingham pl. Originated in chimney; cause, burning 
out; needless. 

Monday, 2d, 1-15 P.M. Still. 
No. 5 Morton st. Owned by Moses Caupleman ; insurance, $3,500 ; 
occupied by Moses Caupleman, as tenement; originated in basement; 
cause, lighted kerosene-oil lamp set fire to water-closet. 

Monday, 2d, 2-30 P.M. Still. 
No. 5 No. Margin st. Owned by J. Rubinovitz ; insurance, $1,500; 
occupied by J. Deutch, as dry goods ; insurance, $1,000 ; originated on 
first floor, back room; cause, baked beans burning in stove. 

Tuesday, 3d, 12-32 AM. Box 435. 
No. 425 Medford ST. Owned by Philadelphia & Boston Brick Com- 
pany ; insurance, $4,000; vacant; originated on steam-box; cause, 
sparks from locomotive. 

Tuesday, 3d, 6-05 A.M. Still. 
B. & A. Freight Yard. Owned by B. & A. R.R. Corporation; oc- 
cupied by B & A. R.R. Corporation, as freight car; originated in car; 
cause, hot-box. 

Tuesday, 3d, 7-15 A.M. SHU. 

No. 372 Bunker Hill st. Owned by George T. Lenord; loss, $2; 
vacant; originated on first floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Tuesday, 3d, 10-30 A.M. Still 

Taylor ST. Owned by A. T. Stearns Company; occupied by A. T. 
Stearns Company, as storehouse ; originated on roof ; cause, spark 
from soldering-pot. 

Remarks. — Put out by workman; department not notified of this fire 
and did not respond. 

Tuesday, 3d, 12-05 P.M. Still. 
No. 244 Federal st. Owned by N. Y. & N. E. R.R. Corporation; 
insurance, $15,000; occupied by Hapland & Maranis, as tailor; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by W. O. Tuttle, as beer bottler; insurance, 
$9,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, defective gas-pipe. 

Tuesday, 3d, 5-25 P.M. Box 93. 
No. 592 Tremont st. Owned by H. Crocker; insurance, $7,500; 
occupied by L. M. Thurber, as dwelling; loss, $16; insurance, $2,000; 
originated on first floor; cause, curtain igniting from gas-jet. 

Tuesday, 3d, 8-40 P.M. Still. 
Rear No. 6 Pike st. Owned by Wm. Manning heirs; occupied by 
Mrs. M. Monahan, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on first floor; 
cause, overturning kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 4th, 2-38 A.M. Box 263. 
Perkins st. Needless. 

Wednesday, 4th, 3-37 P.M. Still. 

No. 27 Bowker st. Owned by Wilde estate; occupied by Donovan 
& Co , as horse-shoers ; originated in blacksmith shop ; cause, spark 
from forge. 



214 City Document No. 12. 

Wednesday, 4th, 8 P.M. Still. 

Opposite 1175 Washington st. Cause, electric motor igniting car 
of W. E. R.R. Company. 

Thursday, 5th, 1-28 P.M. Box 929. 

No. 384 Freepokt st. Owned by Boston Gas Compan} 7 ; loss, $125 ; 
insurance, $3,500 ; occupied by W. G. Jigger, as dwelling; occupied 
by Peter Gavey, as dwelling; loss, $50; occupied by John Fitzgerald, 
as dwelling; loss, $25; insurance, $700; originated on 1st floor; cause 
unknown. 

Thursday, 5th, 7-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 90 Broad st. Owned by W. H. Hill estate ; loss. $31 ; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by Edgar L. Turner, as jjrinter; loss, $36; in- 
surance, $1,500; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 6th, 12-10 A.M. Box 41. 
Cor. Milk and Washington sts. False alai-m. 

Friday, 6th, 2-04 P.M. Still. 

No. 245 Boston st. Owned by Mr. Johnson ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by Thomas H. Obrine, as dwelling; originated on 
1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene-oil stove. 

Remarks. — Mrs. M. V. Obrine was badly burned on the arms and face 
while extinguishing the fire. 

Friday, 6th, 4-04 P.M. Still. 

No. 52 Elm st. Owned by H. and G. Nutting; insurance, $2,800; 
occupied by H. and G. Nutting, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, smoky flue. 

Remarks. — No fire. 

Friday, 6th, 5-50 P.M. Still. 

Cor. Dorchester ave. and Broadway. Cause, electric motor 
igniting car of W E. R.R. Company. 

Saturday, 7th, 9-33 A.M. Box 114. 

West First, between D and E sts. Owned by Jenny Manufactur- 
ing Company; loss, $215; insui*ance, $1,250; occupied by -Jenny 
Manufacturing Company, as oil works ; originated on floor of boiler- 
room ; cause, oil igniting from boiler furnace fire. 

Saturday, 7th, 2-53 P.M. Still. 

Cor. Franklin and Ash sts. Originated in the street ; cause, boys 
setting fire to some varnish in the street. 
Remarks. — Barrel varnish dropped from team and burst on the street. 

Saturday, 7th, 6-47 P.M. Still 
Opposite Bragdon st. Cause, fire in an old tree, set by children. 

Saturday, 7th, 7-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 28 Burke st. Owned by John Dolan: insurance, $1,500; oc- 
cupied by Daniel O'Neil, as dwelling; originated in cellar; cause, 
incendiary. 



Fire Department. 215 



Saturday, 7th, 9-22 P.M. Box 7. 
No. 2 Livingston st. Needless. 

Saturday, 7th, 11-15 P.M. Telephone alarm. 

Remarks. — Call received at Engine House No. 28 from fire-alarm 
office directing them to Box 545 ; on reaching there found no one near 
the box and no cause for the alarm. 

Saturday, 7th, 11-16 P.M. Box 428. 

No. 97 Decatur st. Owned by Daniel O'Neil ; loss, $30 ; insur- 
ance, $2,300; occupied by Daniel O'Neil and others, as dwelling; loss, 
$90; insurance, $500; originated in basement; cause, hot pipe left in 
coat pocket. 

Sunday, 8th, 2-39 A.M. Box 73. 

No. 11 Bradford st. Owned by Geo. H. Greene; loss, $52; insur- 
ance. $2,000; occupied by C. Guthrie, as lodging; loss, $40; origi- 
nated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 8th, 3-39 A.M. Box 613. 
Marginal st. False alarm. 

Sunday, 8th, 3-43 A.M. Box 65. 

No. 9 Genesee st. Owned by Cornelius Murray; loss, $369; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by Mary McLaughlin, as dwelling; originated 
in basement; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — Second alarm given by mistake. 

Sunday, 8lh, 3-45 A.M. Box 45. 

Federal, cor. Franklin st. 

Remarks. — Engines 25 and 35, H. & L. 8, received one round on tap- 
per and responded, but services not required, as no alarm had been 
pulled from the box. 

Sunday, 8th, 10-55 A.M. Still. 

No. 556 Dudley st. Owned by Cheever Newhall ; occupied by G. 
L. McGregor, as grocery. 

Remarks. — Smoking kerosene lamp in grocery, extinguished by 
hoseman McCarthy, of Engine No. 12. 

Sunday, 8th, 12-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 18 Dartmouth pl. Originated in chimney; cause, burning 
out; needless. 

Sunday, 8th, 12-44 P.M. Box 71. 

No. 22 Clarendon st. Owned by J. F. Paul; loss, $60; insurance, 
$5,000 ; occupied by F. Blood, as dwelling ; loss, $40 ; originated on 
3d floor; cause, upsetting kerosene-oil stove. 

Sunday, 8th, 1-44 P.M. Box 92. 

No. 118 Huntington ave. Owned by G. W. Wilds; insurance, 
$20,000; occupied by B. Bradley, as hotel; insurance, $9,000; origi- 
nated on 4th floor; cause, lace curtain igniting from lighted lamp. 



216 City Document No. 12. 

Sunday, 8th, 2-12 P.M. Still. 
Friend st. Originated on vacant lot ; cause, rubbish, set by boys. 

Sunday, 8th, 2-47 P.M. Still. 

Federal-st. bridge. Originated on cable house, W. E. R.R. ; 

cause, electric current from broken trolley-wire ; no damage. 

Sunday, 8th, 7-04 P.M. Box 421. 

No. 13 Main st. Owned by M. D. Green ; loss, $55 ; insurance, 
$700; occupied by Joshua Lee, as dwelling; loss, $25; occupied by J. 
A. Lew & Son, as clothing ; originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Monday, 9th, 7-07 A.M. Still. 

Cor. No. 40 Parkman and No. 36 North Anderson sts. Owned 
by E. W. Ridgeway; loss, $4; insurance, $1,500; owned by Thomas 
Kelty; loss, $8; insurance, $2,000; occupied by C. S. Bailey, as dwell- 
ing; occupied by J. Madden, as dwelling; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, lamp set fire to ceiling. ■ 

Monday, 9th, 9-50 A.M. Box 5. 

No. 52 Billerica ST. Owned by D. Crane; loss, $198; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by M. A. Wutuck, as dwelling; loss, $215; insur- 
ance, $500; originated on 3d floor; cause, kerosene-oil stove. 

Monday, 9th, 6 P.M. Still. 

No. 129 London st. Owned by S. S. Hoffses; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by Woodside Bros., as printing-office ; insurance, $850; orig- 
inated on 1st floor; cause, lamp explosion. 

Monday, 9th, 7-09 P.M. Still. 

No. 135 Border st. Owned by A. McLean ; occupied by A. 
McLean, as planing-mill ; originated in chimney ; cause, soot burning 
in chimney. 

Monday, 9th, 9-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 17 Nassau st. Owned by Mrs. Cotter; loss, $30; insurance, 
$8,000; occupied by M. C. Hatch, as dwelling; loss, $30; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, lace curtains igniting from lamp. 

Tuesday, 10th, 10-55 A.M., 2d alarm, 11-07 A.M. Box 5. 

Nos. 116 to 124 Merrimac st. Owned by Baptist Evangelical Soci- 
ety; loss, $4,632; insurance, $25,000; No. 19 South Margin St., owned 
by I. Mandelzweig; loss, $55; insurance, $3,500; occupied by J. H. 
Roberts & Co., as machinists; loss, $15,013; insurance, $31,500; occu- 
pied by I. Mandelzweig, as dwelling; originated on 5th floor; cause 
unknown. 

Tuesday, 10th, 2-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 713 East Fourth st. Owned by W. G. Doe; loss, $5; insur- 
ance, $2,500;, occupied by Arey Bros., as plumbers; originated on out- 
side ; cause, lighted cigar thrown in a box of straw. 

Tuesday, 10th, 3-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 41 Wall st. Owned by L. R. Cutter ; occupied by Mary Shaw, 
as dwelling; originated on 4th floor; cause, careless use of matches. 



Fire Department. 217 



Tuesday, 10th, 11-57 P.M. Still. 

No. 786 East Fourth st. Owned by Richard Hussey; loss, $120; 
insurance, $9,000; occupied by C. J. Morton, as dwelling; loss, $25; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, lighted match dropped in wood-box. 

Wednesday, 11th, 10-45 A.M. Still. 
Cow island. Cause, grass fire. 

Wednesday, 11th, 2-42 P.M. Box 541. 
Canterbury st. Cause, fire in peat bog. 

Wednesday, 11th, 4-01 P.M. Box 546. 
Cow island. Cause, needless. 

Wednesday 11th, 4-50 P.M. Still. 
No. 80 Portland st. Owned by John M. Robbins, trustee; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by H. M. Flynn & Co., as liquors; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated chimney. 

Wednesday, 11th, 9-30 P.M. Still. 
No. 80 Kneeland st. Owned by Lewis E. Coffin ; insurance, 
$16,000; occupied by P. Sullivan, as barber shop; insurance, $150; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, fumigating. 

Thursday, 12th, 7-01 A.M. Box 5. 

No. 36 Nassau ST. Owned by Henry Randall heirs ; insurance, 
$2,400; No. 88 owned by A. O'Brien; loss, $30; insurance, $2,000; oc- 
cupied by John Roberts, as dwelling and workshop ; originated in ell 
on 1st floor; cause, explosion of naphtha. 

Remarks. — John Roberts, the occupant, was fatally burned at this 
fire. 

Thursday, 12lh, 2-02 P.M. U.S. Automatic. 

Nos. 25 TO 29 Beach st. Owned by W. P. B. Weeks ; insurance, 
$80,000; occupied by Geo. F. Hewitt, as liquor store; insurance, 
$53,000; occupied by P. Logowski, as tailor shop; originated on 5th 
floor; cause, paper-hanger breaking wire of U.S. automatic. 

Thursday, 12th, 4 P.M. Still. 
Off Baker st. Cause, fire in woods at Martin Luther Home. 

Thursday, 12th, 6-15 P.M. Still. 
No. 150 Tremont st. Owned by Lawrence estate ; insurance, $10,000 ; 
occupied by Julius Fillner, as restaurant ; insurance, $5,000 ; occupied 
by Adams & llsley, as harnesses; insurance, $20,000; occupied by 
Brand & Soule, as dentists ; loss, $5 ; insurance, $5,000 ; originated on 
awning, 1st floor; cause, cigar or match thrown from window above. 

Thursday, 12th, 7-41 P.M. Box 23. 

Nos. 9 and 11 Cambridge st. Owned by Shaw estate; occupied by 
Joseph Cleve, as liquor store ; insurance, $4,000 ; originated in base- 
ment; cause, explosion of plumber's gasoline pot. 

Remarks. — Charles Remington and Patrick Whalen had their hands 
burat when gasoline pot exploded. 

Thursday. 12th, 7-50 P.M. Still. 
Tkemont st. Cause : burning out of rheostat of W. E. R.R. electric 
car. 



218 City Document No. 12. 



Thursday, 12th, 8-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 150 Tkemont st. Owned by Lawrence estate ; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by Julius Fillner, as restaurant ; insurance, $-5,000; 
occupied by Adams & Jlsley, as harness- maker ; insurance, $20,000; 
occupied by Brande & Soule, as dentists ; insurance, $5,000 ; originated 
in chimney; cause, burning of soot in chimney. 

Thursday, 12th, 9-16 P.M. Box 67. 

No. 1 Common st. Owned by Fifty Associates; loss, $600; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by L. S. Wilkes, as tailor shop ; loss, $058; in- 
surance, $7,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 12th, 9-16 P.M. Box 6. 
Needless. 
Remarks. — Inaccurate winding from Box 67. 

Friday, 13th, 12-10 P.M. Still. 

East st. Owned by Geo. Cavanaugh ; insurance, $5,000 : occupied 
by E. Butterfield, as dwelling; loss, $15; insurance, $3,000; orig- 
inated on 2d floor; cause, gas-jet igniting curtain. 

Friday, 13th, 1-36 P.M. Still. 

Central wharf. Owned by Central Wharf Corporation; unoccu- 
pied ; originated in oil and lamp room ; cause, spontaneous combustion 
among oily waste. 

Friday, 13th, 2-07 P.M. Box 16. 

Nos. 50-51 N. Market st. Owned by Mrs. John Cumiuings; insur- 
ance, $8,000; occupied by N. E. Hollis, as meat store; insurance, 
$1,500; originated in basement, cause, smoky chimney-flue. 

Remarks. — Hosemen Gillen and Solari thrown from hose wagon of 
Engine 4 at corner Hanover and Court streets. Gillen slightly injured 
and Solari severely injured. 

Friday, 13th. 6-53 P.M. Box 52. 

No. 289 Devonshire st. Owned by Charles O. Rogers; loss, $583; 
insurance, $21,000 ; occupied by Kosnosky Bros, and Blumberg, as ladies' 
wrappers; loss, $2,146; insurance, $5,000: occupied by J. C. Meyers 
& Co., as spool silk ; insurance, $23,000 ; occupied by M. C. Hood & Co., 
as cologne; insurance, $1,000 ; originated on fourth floor; cause un- 
known. 

. Friday, 13th, 7-15 P.M. Still. 

Mt. Hope Cemetery. Originated in rubbish and brush in the ceme- 
tery ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 13th, 9-40 P.M. Still. 
Providence Depot, Park sq. Owned by N. Y.. N. H., & H. R.R. ; 
insurance, $100 000; occupied by N. Y., X. H., & H R.R., as passen- 
ger station ; originated on second floor ; cause, spontaneous combus- 
tion of cotton waste. 

Saturday, 14th, 6-04 A.M. Box 68. 
No. 618 Harrison ave. Owned by city of Boston; loss, $230; in- 
surance, $1,000; occupied by Warley&Co., as metal workers; occupied 
by G. N. Rost et als., as woodworkers; loss, $250; insurance, $3,200; 
originated on first floor ; cause, sparks from fire-box. 



Fire Department. 219 



Saturday, 14th, 1-07 P.M. Still. 

"No. 109 State st. Owned by Mrs. Rose Salto n stall ; insurance, 
$20,000 ; occupied by Western Union Telegraph Company, as telegraph 
office ; no fire ; cause, testing line and mistaken for a call for help. 

Sunday, 15th, 12-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 16 Knowlton st. Owned by Arthur O'Neil ; loss, $5 ; occupied 
by John A. Hennessey, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, de- 
fective chimney. 

Sunday, 15th, 3-27 P.M. Box 522. 

Off Paul Gore st. Owned by Owen Nawn ; loss, $75 ; occupied 
by Owen Nawn, as blacksmith shop ; loss, $75 ; originated on ground 
floor ; cause, sparks from forge. 

Sunday, 15th, 5-56 P.M. Still. 

No. 92£ Staniford st. Owned by A. B. N. Chapin ; loss, $100 ; in- 
surance, $10,000 ; occupied by J. Simon, as boots and shoes ; loss, $600 ; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on first floor; cause, supposed explosion 
of kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 16th, 11-21 A.M. Still. 

No. 896 East Fourth st. Owned by Catherine M. Winniatt; loss, 
$10; insurance, $2,000; occupied by Michael Fogarty, as dwelling; 
originated on basement floor; cause, sparks from a furnace igniting 
excelsior. 

Monday, 16th, 1-26 P.M. Still. 

No. 51 Green st. Owned by I. A. Rich; loss, $460; insurance, 
$9,000; occupied by N. Bourees, as confectionery; loss, $694; insur- 
ance, $1,500; originated on first floor; cause, unknown. 

Monday, 16th, 5-55 P.M. Still. 
Fisher ave. Originated in chimney ; cause, soot in chimney on fire. 

Monday, 16th, 7-52 P.M. Still. 
Tremont st. Cause, burning of motor on West End R.R. car. 

Monday, 16th, 8-54 P.M. Box 927. 

No. 21 Beech st. Owned by J. J. Breach; loss, $7,140; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by J. J. Breach, as dwelling ; loss, $1,000; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 1st floor ; cause, unknown. 

Tuesday, 17th, 9 AM. Still. 
No. 419 Shawmut ave. Cause, chimney burning out. 

Tuesday, 17th, 5 P.M. Still. 

Off Amory ST. Owned by McBurney estate; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by Luigi Mutrick, as dwelling; insurance, $2,000 ; originated 
in closet, 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 17th, 6-20 P.M. Box 186. 

No. 3 Dorset st. Owned by J. W. Hill ; loss, $7 ; insurance, $3.500 ; 
occupied by J. W. Hill, as dwelling; loss, $10 ; insurance, $1,000 ; orig- 
inated on 2d floor; cause, lighted match igniting window-curtain. 



220 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 17th, 9-06 P.M. Box 544. 

Centre st. Fire in small piece of woods on Skinner estate ; cause 
unknown. 

Wednesday, 18th, 6-58 P.M. Box 9. 

Nos. 20 and 22 Fleet st. Owned by Thomas McCormick ; loss, $21 ; 
insurance, $7,500; occupied by Gustavo Piscapo, as bakery; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by Philipi Delvisiovo, as dwelling; loss, $25; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, breaking kerosene-oil lamp. 

Thursday, 19th, 6-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 20 Walpole ST. Owned by James Roston; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied by Mrs. Ellen Lynch, as dwelling; loss. $10; originated on 
2d floor; cause, overheated kerosene lamp taking fire. 

Friday, 20th, 9-20 A.M. Box 423. 

No. 7 Mt. Vernon pl. Owned by A. & L. Conroy; loss, $20; in- 
surance, $2,000; occupied by Robinson & Woods, as stable; originated 
on roof ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Friday, 20th, 11 A.M. Still. 

No. 33 Hawley st. Owned by Harvard College Association ; insur- 
ance, $20,000 ; occupied by Suburban Light and Power Company, as 
central station; insurance, $21,000; originated in basement; cause, 
felt igniting on steam-pipe. 

Friday, 20th, 12-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 57 Williams st. Owned by Mrs. Carrie E. Stearns; loss, $50; 
insurance, $1,000; occupied by H. Sanderman, as dwelling; insurance. 
$50d; originated on outside front door; cause, fire dropped from a 
roofei^s furnace. 

Saturday, 21st, 8-57 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 48 Lowell st. Owned by Simon Muskovtze ; loss, $95 ; insur- 
ance, $3,975; occupied by M. Cohen, as dwelling; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, explosion of lamp. 

Sunday, 22d, 10-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 27 Leverett st. Owned by Hill heirs ; occupied by P. F. 
Dowling, as fish market ; originated in chimney ; cause, smoky chimney. 

Sunday, 2 2d, 6-34 P.M. Box 36. 

No. 28 Court st. Cause, smoky chimney. 
Remarks. — Needless. 

Sunday, 2 2d, 7-51 P.M. Box 221. 
No. 37 Elm wood st. Needless. 

Sunday, 2 2d, 8 P.M. Still. 
Centre st. Originated in woods off Centre st. ; cause unknown. 

Monday, 23d, 1-53 A.M. Still. 

No. 778 Dudley ST. Owned by J. H. Upham ; insurance, $500; oc- 
cupied by Welsh & Wilson, as express office; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, lighted cigar in box of sawdust. 



Fire Department. 221 



Monday, 23d, 6-38 P.M. Box 6. 

East Cambridge, Mass. 

Remarks. — Call for help to East Cambridge. Substitute Coleman of 
Engine 4 injured by being cut on hand with glass. 

Monday, 23d, 9-15 P.M. Still. 
No. 101 Border st. False alai-ni. 

Monday, 23d, 9-55 P.M. Box 68. 

No. 647 Harrison ave. Owned by R. M. Demmon ; loss, $337 ; in- 
surance, $5,000; occupied by P. T. Sullivan, as grocery store; loss, 
$1,050; insurance, $2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 24th, 1-07 A.M. Box 72. 

No. 1135 Washington st. Owned by Al Watts; loss, $396; insur- 
ance, $25,000; occupied by H. M. Temple, as hotel; loss, $116; insur- 
ance, $6,600; originated on 3d floor; cause, defective chimney. 

Tuesday, 24th, 6-44, 6-57, P.M. Box 8. 

Cor. Causeway and Portland sts. Owned by H. H. Hunnewell 
estate ; loss, $4,835 ; insurance, $56,500 ; occupied by Dei'by, Kilmer, 
& Pond Desk Co., as desks; loss, $6,084; insurance, $9,000; occupied 
by Hartford Woven Mattress Company, as mattresses; loss, $1,381; in- 
surance, $2,000; occupied by National Casket Company, as caskets; 
loss, $2,500; insurance, $35,000; occupied by W. A. Holmes, as 

froceries; loss, $500; insui*ance, $11,000; occupied by J. W. Scott, as 
ining-room; loss, $198; insurance, $2,500; originated on 2d floor, 
rear; cause, spontaneous combustion oiled rags. 

Tuesday, 24th, 10-10 P.M. SHU. 

No. 1145 Washington st. Owned by Al Watts; occupied by H. 
M. Temple, as hotel ; originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated boiler. 
Remarks. — Loss included in report of Box 72 same day. 

Tuesday, 24th, 11-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 1145 Washington st. Owned by Al Watts; occupied by H. 
M. Temple, as hotel ; originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated boiler. 
Remarks. — Loss included in report of Box 72 same day. 

Wednesday, 25th, 9-25 A.M. Box 418. 

Fitchburg R.R. yard. Owned by Fitchburg R.R. Company ; loss, 
$20; insurance. Blanket policy; occupied by J. P. Fenno, as hay car; 
loss, $10; originated inside freight car; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 25th, 9-25 A.M. Box 618. 
Remarks. — Imperfect winding from Box 418. 

Wednesday, 25th, 12-42 P.M. Still. 

No. 93 Warren st. Owned by Donald Kennedy heirs; occupied 
by several families, as family hotel ; loss, $15 ; originated on 1st floor; 
cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 25th, 7-10 P.M. Box 13. 

Nos. 120 and 122 North st. Owned by Hemenway estate; in- 
surance, $12,000; occupied by Seavey & Co., as kitchen ware; insur- 
ance, $25,000; originated in basement; cause, probably incendiary. 



222 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 25th, 7-19 P.M. Box 254. 

No. 1 Culbekt pl. Owned by T. J. Gargan ; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by Lewis Hartley, as dwelling; less, $10; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, lighted match in a basket of clothes. 

Wednesday, 25lh, 8-03 P.M. Still. 

Washington St., opp. Nawn st. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company; 
occupied by W. E. R.R. Company, as electric car; loss, $5; cause, de- 
fective motor on a W. E. R.R. electric car. 

Wednesday. 25th, 8-10 P.M. Box 452. 

No. 5 Jennings pl. Owned by Mrs Wm. Jennings; loss, $192; 
insurance, $2.501) ; occupied by VVm. Fay et al., as dwelling; loss, 
$100; originated on third floor; cause, upsetting of lamp. 

Wednesday, 25th, 8-43 P.M. Still. 

Cor. Washington st. and Temple pl. Cause, burning out of 
motor on W. E. R.R. car. 

Thursday, 26th, 1-10 A.M. Box 53. 

No. 661 to 667 Washington st. Owned by Boylston Market Asso- 
ciation ; loss, $150; insurance, $21,500; occupied by F. H. Chamber- 
lain, as gent's furnishing; loss, $500; insurance, $12,700; occupied by 
H. P. Veith, as restaurant; loss, $300; insurance, $3,000; occupied by 
R. R. Sheldon, as theatre; insurance, $12,000; occupied by Oliver 
Green, as music store ; insurance, $2,000 ; originated in basement ; 
cause unknown. 

Thursday, 26th, 5-20 P.M. Box 87. 

No. 86 Lenox st. Cause, leak in joint of gas-pipe. 
Remarks. — No fire. 

Friday, 27th, 12-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 84 Court st. Owned by W. N. Prescott; occupied by C. L. 
Porter, as dining-room; originated in basement; cause, escaping steam 
from boiler. 

Friday, 27th, 4-47 A.M. Box 637. 

No. 3 Saratoga st. Owned by Methodist Church; loss, $3,580; 
insurance, $22,500; occupied by M. E. Church, as church; loss, $215; 
insurance, none; originated on 1st floor, hallway; cause unknown. 

Friday, 27th, 10-53 A.M. Box 49. 

No. 4 Winter st. Owned by J. H. Smith ; loss, $174 ; insurance, 
$32,000; occupied by A. R. Specht, as hair and wig stoi*e ; loss, $900; 
insurance, $2,500; originated on first floor; cause, breaking of alcohol 
lamp. 

Remarks. — Miss Burke severely burned while exhibiting the curling 
machine; Mr. Specht also burned on hands and face. 

Friday, 27 th, 5-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 9 Portland st. Owned by C. H. White; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by C. H. White, as stove store; originated on roof; cause, 
hot ashes thrown in barrel of rubbish. 



Fire Department. 223 



Friday, 27th, 8 P.M. Box 64. 

.No. 5 Motte ST. Owned by C. G. Way; loss, $415; insurance, $15,- 
000 ; occupied by S. Calish, as tailor shop ; loss, $359 ; insurance, $1,500 ; 
occupied by David Marks, as tailor shop; insurance, $1,000; occupied 
by Rice, Sawyard, & Co., as clothing; loss, $250; occupied by Spitz 
Bros. & Mork, as clothing; loss, $69; insurance, $3,600; occupied by 
James Rothwell & Co , as clothing; loss, $45; insurance, $25,000; oc- 
cupied by J. R. Campbell; loss, $350; originated on fourth floor; 
cause unknown. 

Friday, 27th, 8-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 74 Cedar st. Originated on lot off Cedar st. ; cause, burning 
old rubbish. 

Saturday, 28th, 12-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 283 Quincy st. Owned by L. W. Eddy & Co. ; insurance, 
$125; occupied by L. W. Eddy & Co., as carpenter shop; insurance, 
$325 ; originated on roof ; cause, sparks from locomotive. 

Saturday, 28th, 5-29 P.M. Box 19. 

No. 154 Blackstone st. (awning in front of). Owned by Mrs. 
Mary Cheever; loss, $65; insurance, $6,000; occupied by Geo. H. 
Mason & Co., as tin- ware manufacturing; awning owned by Edw. 
L. Shaw & Co., as meat stand; loss, $30; insurance, $25,000; origi- 
nated on awning on the street; cause, naphtha torch igniting awning. 

Saturday, 28th, 10-29 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 4 Seneca st. Owned by heirs of John Britt; loss, $600; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by Miss Egelstine, as dwelling; originated in 
basement ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 29th, 4-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 384 Warren st. Owned by Bacon & Tarbell ; occupied by 
Bacon & Tarbell, as livery stable ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, 
lighted match in box of sawdust. 

Sunday, 29th, 10-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 1277 Washington st. Originated on first floor; cause, over- 
heated stove. 

Remarks. — Needless alarm. 

Monday, 30lh, 6-39 A.M. Box 436. 

No. 43 Auburn st. Owned by S. M. Jones; loss. $43; insurance, 
$1,500; occupied by Mrs. M. M. Dodge, as boarding-house; loss, $40; 
originated on second floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 30th, 2-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 102 Salem st. Owned by Max Lipman ; loss, $85 ; insurance, 
$4,500; occupied by Samuel Liosenbaum, as tenement; loss, $15; orig- 
inated on third floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 30th, 4-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 28 Walker st. Owned by Walker heirs; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied by Mrs. L. Church, as dwelling; originated in basement; 
cause, burning wooden front of fireplace. 



224 City Document No. 12. 



Monday, 30th, 4-45 P.M. Watkins Automatic 238-5. 

No. 50 Arch st. Owned by M. J. Sears ; occupied by Robert Bur- 
len, as book-bindery ; insurance, $18,000; originated on fifth floor; 
cause, gas jet overheated thermostat. 

Tuesday, 31st, 12-47 A.M. Box 221. 

Rear 15 Ward st. Owned by H. W. Holland ; insurance, $500 ; 
occupied by Peter Kearns, as stable ; insurance, $600 ; originated on 
1st floor; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 31st, 12-52 A.M. U.S. Automatic. 

No. 472 Washington st. Owned by various parties ; loss, $78 ; in- 
surance, $500,000; occupied by Jordan, Marsh, & Co., as dry-goods 
store; loss, $1,600; insurauce, $1,000,000 ; originated on second floor; 
cause, dry goods coming in contact with gas jet. 

Tuesday, 31st, 5-12 A.M. Box 315. 

No. 11 Brook ave. Owned by W. F. Whitney; loss, $250; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by Parker Moland, as dwelling; loss, $57; in- 
surance, $1,000; originated under second floor; cause, rats and 
matches. 

Tuesday, 31st, 7-18 A.M. Box 36. 

No. 180 to 188 Washington st. Owned by Robert Codman; in- 
surance, $12,000; occupied by A. J. Wilkinson & Co., as hardware 
store; insurance, $25,000; originated on roof; cause, sparks from 
smoking pipe. 

Tuesday, 31st, 12-43 P.M. Box 638. 
Border st. Owned by Boston Tow Boat Company ; loss, $10 ; oc- 
cupied by same, as an old shanty ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, over- 
heated stove. 

Tuesday, 31st, 5-29 P.M. Box 5. 

Nos. 91 and 93 Causeway and 203 Portland sts. Owned by H. 
H. Hunnewell; insurance, $56,500; occupied by National Casket Com- 
pany et al., as warerooms ; insurance, $22,000; originated on fourth 
floor ; cause unknown ; supposed incendiary. 

Tuesday, 31st, 7-27 P.M. Box 38. 

So. side Long wharf. (Naphtha launch.) Owned by U. S. Gov't 
Light House Dept. sch. "Clover;" loss, $5; originated on naphtha 
launch ; cause, naphtha ignited while filling tank. 

Remarks. — Capt. Owens' son, of schooner "■ Clover," slightly burned 
on hands and face. 



NOVEMBER. 

Wednesday, 1st, 1-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 201 Hampden st. Owned by Andrew McDermott; occupied by 
D. Putnam, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, soot in chimney 
taking fire. 



Fire Department. 225 



Wednesday, 1st, 7-01 P.M. Still. 

Nos. 534 to 538 Main st. Owned by Hugh Daley; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by Evangelist Society, as meeting hall; loss, $5; oc- 
cupied by R. Dowd, as stove store ; insurance, $3,000 ; originated in 
transparency ; cause, explosion of lamp. 

Wednesday, 1st, 9-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 1811 Washington st. Owned by C. A. Richards estate; insur- 
ance, $8,000; occupied by Mrs. Gillen, as restaurant; no fire; cause, 
burning sulphur to exterminate cockroaches ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 1st, 9-45 P.M. Box 9. 

No. 36 Fleet st. Owned by Thomas McCormick; loss, $2; insur- 
ance, $20,000 ; occupied by various parties, as tenements ; originated on 
roof; cause, mattress set on fire by boys. 

Thursday, 2d, 5 A.M. Box 62. 
No. 124 Eliot st. Owned by S. Jenison ; loss, $73 ; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by L- Schuhman, as restaurant; loss, $600; insur- 
ance, $3,000 ; occupied by John McFadden, as curtains ; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated steam-pipes. 

Thursday, 2d, 1-10 P.M. Box 541. 
Canterbury st. Brush fire ; needless alarm. 

Thursday, 2d, 5-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 40 Porter st. Owned by L. P. Bogett ; loss, $10 ; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by Lewis Jacobs, as dwelling ; loss, $43 ; insui'ance, 
$1,500; originated on 2d floor; cause, lace curtain coming in contact 
with gas jet. 

Thursday, 2d, 7-20 P.M. Still. 

Railroad off Morton st. Fire in pile of sleepers on side of rail- 
road ; cause, sparks from locomotive. 

Thursday, 2d, 7-20 P.M. Still. 
Arnold st. Brush fire ; needless alarm. 

Friday, 3d, 2-28 P.M. Box 657. 
Curtis ST. Owned by J. W. Anderson ; loss, $24 ; insurance, 
$1,500; occupied by J. W. Anderson, as dwelling; insurance, $400; 
occupied by Edwin Hamilton, as dwelling; loss, $37; insurance, $500; 
orginated on 2d floor ; cause, igniting of matches on mantel-piece. 

Friday, 3d, 7-40 P.M. Box 23. 
No. 17 Cambridge st. Owned by F. H. Moore ; occupied by M. N. 
Curley, as liquors ; originated on awning ; cause, match thrown from 
window above ; needless alarm. 

Friday, 3d, 8-30 P.M. Box 77. 
Albany and Dedham sts. False alarm. 

Friday, 3d, 12-56 P.M. Still. 
No. 20 Adams pl. Owned by Mrs. Elizabeth R. Hayes ; loss, $50 ; 
insurance, $1,500; unoccupied; originated on 2d floor; cause, defective 
open grate. 



226 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 4th, 8-12 A.M. Box 83. 

Tremont St., opp. Lenox st. Needless alarm; cause, vapor mis- 
taken for fire. 

Saturday, 4th, 9-50 A.M. Still. 

No. 22 Cunard ST. Owned by E. J. Hadley ; insurance, $12,000 ; 
occupied by M. Asperland, as dwelling; loss, $11; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, naphtha taking fire while cleaning lounge. 

Saturday, 4th, 6-10 P.M. Still. 

Opposite 1171 Washington st. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company; 
occupied by same, as electric oar ; originated under the floor ; cause, 
defective motor. 

Saturday, 4th, 8-48 P.M. Box 19. 

No. 13 Haverhill st. Owned by A. Wentworth ; loss, $92; insur- 
ance, $1,000; occupied by Symons & Cook, as candy manufacturers ; 
loss, $50; occupied by A. Leavitt, as church organs; loss, $125; insur- 
ance, $500; originated on 3d floor; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Sunday, 5th, 3-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 197 Maverick st. Owned by W. S. Pratt; insurance, $15,000; 
occupied by same, as whiting factory; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
igniting of bagging near furnace. 

Sunday, 5th, 4-02 A.M. Box 19. 

No. 5 Charlestown st. Owned by R. Hollings heirs ; insurance, 
$10,000 ; occupied by Wm. F. Wills, as liquors ; loss, $69 ; insurance, 
$1,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, gas jet igniting drapery behind 
bar. 

Sunday, 5th, 11-33 A.M. Still. 

No. 823 East Second st. Owned by Thomas Mullen ; occupied by 
Edward Debruym, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, over- 
heated stove. 

Sunday, 5th, 4-13 P.M. Still. 

B. & M. Freight yards, Marginal st. Owned by B. & M. R.R. 
Company; occupied by same, as freight car; loss, $3 ; originated on 
freight car ; cause, breaking of carboy of vitriol. 

Monday, 6th, 3-20 P.M. Still. 
Off Trinity pl. Bonfire. 

Tuesday, 7th, 7-15 A.M. Box 635. 

B. & A. Freight yard, off Bremen st. Owned by B. & A. R.R. 
Corporation ; occupied by John Crone, as carload of hay ; originated 
in car ; cause, set by boys. 

Tuesday, 7th, 3 P.M. Still. 

Rear No. 488 Neponset ave. Owned by Geo. E. Frost ; pile of 
soft coal ; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Tuesday, 7th, 8-45 P.M. Still. 
Cor. F and W. Seventh sts. Bonfire. 



Fire Department. 227 



I, 8lh, 5-28 P.M. Box 9. 

No. 409 Commercial st., Warehouse No. 4, Constitution 
Wharf. Owned by Constitution Wharf Company ; loss, $621 ; insur- 
ance, $11,000 ; occupied by Chas. Boyce, as storage of tow ; loss, $1,647 
insurance, $8,500; occupied by Manley Bros., as hemp; loss, $184 
insurance, $1,500; occupied by Pearson Cordage Company, as hemp 
loss, $65; insurance, $36,500 ; occupied by Barring Bros., as hemp 
loss, $618 ; insurance, $28,800 ; occupied by National Cordage Com- 
pany, as hemp; loss, $6,698; insurance, $121,500; occupied by Thomas 
E. Bixby, as cocoa; loss, $8,197 ; insurance, $47,000 ; occupied by Plym- 
outh Cordage Company, as hemp; loss, $130; $43,200; occupied by 
Curtis & Aldrich, as starch; loss, $50; insurance, $1,000; occupied by 
Nash, Winslow, & Co., as dextrine; loss, $17; insurance, $900; orig- 
inated on 6th floor ; cause, probable friction from pulleys. 

Wednesday, 8th, 7-18 P.M. Box 241. 

No. 18 Circuit st. Owned by Henry Sears ; loss, $75; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $48; insurance, $1,500; 
originated in basement; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Thursday, 9th, 2-59 A.M. Box 65. 

No. 30 OSWEGO ST. Owned by Nathan Hurbert; loss, $520 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000 ; occupied by L. Dawson, as dwelling ; occupied by David 
Rhuken, as dwelling; originated on attic floor; cause, hot ashes 
dumped on floor. 

Thursday, 9th, 9-07 A.M. Box 1 7. 

No. 105 Blackstone st. Owned by H. M. Clark; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by same, as stoves ; insurance, $18,000; originated 
in cellar; cause, upsetting of kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 9th, 12-10 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 149 Albany st. Owned by Chas. G. Beriy ; insurance, $4,000 ; 
occupied by Josephine O'Connor, as dwelling ; occupied by Mary 
Ormsby, as dwelling; occupied by William Dugan, as dwelling; orig- 
inated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 9th, 12-46 P.M. Box 534. 
Off Brown ave. Brush fire. 

Thursday, 9th, 6-55 P.M. Still. 
Morton st. Bonfire ; cause, set by boys. 

Thursday, 9th, 8-27 P.M. Still. 
No. 9 Hawthorne st. Bonfire. 

Thursday, 9th, 9-12 P.M. Box 216. 
No. 28 Greenleaf st. Owned by G. R. Esterbrook; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by A. Burhardt, as dwelling ; originated in chimney ; 
cause, soot burning in chimney. 

Friday, 10th, 12-29 A.M. Box 18. 
No. 73 Cornhill. Owned by H. Wheelwright; loss, $245; insur- 
ance, $7,000 ; occupied by P. Boodro, as barber; loss, $100; occupied 
by A. M. Phelps, as printer; loss, $77 ; insurance, $900; originated on 
2d floor; cause, oil lamp setting lathing on fire. 



228 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 10th, 5-45 A.M. Still. 

Centre st. Owned by City of Boston ; loss, $50 ; occupied by 
Sewer Department, as tool-house ; loss, $150; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, overheated stove. 

Friday, 10th, 8-53 A.M. Still. 

No. 122 Leverett st. Owned by A. Berkruan ; unoccupied ; origi- 
nated on 4th floor ; cause, plumber's furnace upsetting. 

Friday, 10th, 2 P.M. Still. 
Dorchester ave. Brush fire ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 10th, 2-10 P.M. Box 81. 

No. 351 Columbus ave. Owned by W. E. L. Dillaway ; loss, $400 ; 
occupied by E. O. Sabine, as lodging-house ; loss, $350 ; insurance, 
$2,500 ; originated on 3d floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Friday, 10th, 7-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 185 Medford st. Owned by S. H. Fall ; insurance, $2,500; oc- 
cupied by Patrick McGowen, as cuiTier shop ; insurance, $11,600 ; origi- 
nated in rubbish on roof ; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Friday, 10th, 8-40 P.M. Box 41. 

Boston Post Office building. Owned by United States Govern- 
ment; loss, $50; occupied by United States Post Office, as post-office ; 
originated in basement; cause, lighted match thrown in rubbish on 
floor. 

Friday, 10th, 8-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 321 Border st. Owned by J. H. Stevenson ; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by John McKay, as tenement ; occupied by W. A. Clifford, 
as tenement ; insurance, $500 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, soot burn- 
ing in chimney. 

Saturday, 11th, 10-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 5 Ward court. Owned by Mrs. A. E. Foss; loss, $5; insur- 
ance, $1,200 ; occupied by N. Bullard, as dwelling ; loss, $20 ; originated 
on 3d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Saturday, 11th, 11-05 A.M. Still. 

No. 13 North Anderson ST. Owned by Parkman heirs; occupied 
by William Coliton, as blacksmith ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, sparks 
from forge. 

Saturday, 11th, 2-11 P.M. Box 112. 

No. 158 Dorchester ave. Owned by Lord heirs; occupied by 
Cohen & Slivinsky, as clothing; loss, $10 ; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
child playing with matches. 

Saturday, 11th, 6-35 P.M. Still. 
No. 52 West Dedham st. Needless alarm ; cause, fumigating house. 

Sunday, 12th, 1-20 A.M. Box 122. 

No. 250 Dorchester st. Owned by Mrs. Hannah Spence; loss, 
insurance, $4,500 ; occupied by Simon Cohen, as groceries ; loss, 
5 ; insurance, $800 ; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 229 



Sunday, 12th, 1-25 A.M. Box 634. 
Central sq. Owned by Universalist Society; loss, $3,982; insur- 
ance, $18,000 ; occupied by L. J. Wyzanski, as fancy goods ; loss, $138 ; 
insurance, $17,500 ; occupied by Odd Fellows Hall, as hall ; insurance, 
$600 ; occupied by Outing Club, as club-room ; loss, $750; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by Knights Golden Eagle, as hall; insurance, $400; 
occupied by Odd Ladies, as lodge-room; loss, $10; insurance, $150; 
originated on 4th floor; cause, unknown. 

Sunday, 12th, 11-30 A.M. Still. 
Wilder st. Rubbish on the dump ; originated on dump ; set by 
unknown person. 

Sunday, 12th, 12-38 P.M. Box 458. 
False alarm. 

Sunday, 12th, 4-30 P.M. Box 635. 
B. & A. R.R., off Brkmen st. Owned by Central Vermont R.R. Cor- 
poration ; occupied by John Crowe, as load of hay ; originated in car 
of hay ; cause, set by boys. 

Sunday, 12th, 5-15 P.M. Still. 
Selden st. Brush fire. 

Sunday, 12th, 10-06 P.M. Box 26. 
No. 2 Lindall pl. Owned by Lewis Appleton ; occupied by 
same, as dwelling; loss, $5 ; insurance, $1,000 ; originated on 4th floor; 
cause, kerosene lamp breaking. 

Monday, 13th, 8-30 A.M. Still. 
No. 5 Shawmut st. Owned by James Stevenson ; insurance, $12,- 
000; occupied by D. Mack, as dwelling; loss-, $11; insurance, $400; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, spark from pipe setting fire to lace 
curtains. 

Monday, 13th, 10-10 A.M. Still. 
Highland ave. Owned by F. A. Davis ; insurance, $1,500; occu- 
pied by A. Norcross & Co., as laundry; insurance, $500; originated in 
basement ; cause, gas meter taking fire from candle. 

Monday, 13th, 12-49 P.M. Still. 
No. 27 Magazine st. Owned by W. B. Wallace; loss, $50; insur- 
ance, $2,000 ; occupied by Henry Nichols, as dwelling ; loss, $28 ; in- 
surance, $500; originated on 2d floor; cause, children and matches. 

Monday, 13th, 4-50 P.M. Still. 
No. 2 Monument pl. Owned by William Shannon ; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by John Condis, as dwelling; originated on roof. 

Monday, 13th, 5-33 P.M. Box 127. 
No. 125 West Eighth st. Owned by Mrs. Mary McCabe ; loss, 
$20; insurance, $1,000; occupied by John Mitz, as dwelling; originated 
in cellar; cause, children and matches. 

Tuesday, 14th, 12-01 A.M. Box 823. 
No. 3 Hefferron pl. No. 3, owned by James M. Flynn ; loss, $500 ; 
insurance, $500; unoccupied; originated on top floor; No. 2, owned by 
James Hefferron; loss. $165; insurance, $1,000; occupied by James 
Hefferron, as dwelling; loss, $50 ; insurance, $800; originated on top 
floor, No. 3 ; cause, supposed incendiary. 



230 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 14th, 2-21 P.M. Box 134. 

No. 168 Bowen ST. Owned by Margaret Nain ; loss, $55 ; insurance. 
$1,500; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $55; insurance, $500; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, benzine vapor igniting from a lamp. 

Tuesday, 14th, 7-10 P.M. Box 424. 

No. 141 Chelsea ST. Owned by Mrs. A. A. Mulhern ; loss, $42; 
insurance, $2,000 ; occupied by same, as dwelling ; loss, $40 ; insurance, 
$1,000; originated in basement; cause, explosion of lamp. 

Tuesday, 14th, 9-15 P.M. Box 67. 

No. 758 Washington st. Owned by Blanch ard heirs ; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by T. Daley, as liquors; insurance, $10,000; occupied 
by H. E. Rand, as barber shop ; insurance, $1,000; occupied by F. C. 
Reynolds, as tenement ; cause, smoke mistaken for fire. 

Tuesday, 14th. 9-49 P.M. Box 454. 

No. 29 Beacham st. Owned by B. F. Brown ; loss, $15 ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by John Kelty and others, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, overheated stove. 

Wednesday, 15th, 8-20 A.M. Still. 

No. 67 Rutherford ave. Owned by Lawrence White ; loss, $15 ; 
insurance, $2,000; occupied by Mary O'Brien, as dwelling; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause, defective chimney. 

Wednesday, 15th, 11-15 A.M. Box 245. 

No. 706 Parker st. Owned by Mary J. Osborne ; insurance, $3,500 ; 
occupied by C. E. Tuttle, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; originated 
in basement; cause, gas igniting from candle while working on pipes; 
needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 15th, 12-08 P.M. Box 451. 

No. 9 Fremont pl. Owned by P. O. Reardon ; loss, $21 ; insurance, 
$2,250; occupied by John Harney et als., as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause, hot ashes in wooden box. 

Wednesday, 15th, 2-40 P.M. Still. 
No. 44 Pembroke st. Needless alarm; cause, chimney fire. 

Wednesday, 15lh, 4-55 P.M. Automatic. 

Nos. 646-658 Washington st. Owned by John H. Pray & Sons 
Company; insurance, $150,000 ; occupied by same, as carpets; insur- 
ance, $350,000; occupied by H. W. Berry, as pianos; loss, $100; insur- 
ance, $8,000 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, igniting fumes of alcohol 
lamp. 

Wednesday, 15th, 5-44 P.M. Box 87. 
No. 59 Kendall st. Owned by B. E. Stark ; loss, $522 ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by G. W. Jennings, as dwelling; loss, $20 ; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 231 



Wednesday, 15th, 11-25 P.M. Box 47. 
Nos. 109 and 111 Purchase st. Owned by J. M. Currier; loss, 
$2,000 ; insurance, $15,000 ; occupied by Frank Young;, as oil store ; loss, 
$883 ; insurance, $10,655 ; occupied by H. C. Mandell, as printers ; loss, 
$150 ; insurance, $4,500 ; occupied by C. N. Brown & Co., as machinists ; 
insurance, $3,525; occupied by Rossney Manufacturing Company, as 
gas appliances; loss, $190; insurance, $1,500; occupied by C. Little- 
john, as paper stock; loss, $229; insurance, $1,500; occupied by W. T. 
Page & Co., as shippers; loss, $3,268; insurance, $6,000 ; occupied by 
H.°Rotman, as machines; loss, $40; insurance, $1,000; occupied by 
Franklin Typewriter Company, as factory; loss, $1,537; insurance, 
$8,000 ; originated on 5th floor ; cause, probably incendiary. 

Thursday, 16th, 8-10 A.M. Automatic. 
No. 230 Rutherford ave. False alarm. 

Thursday, 16th, 9-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 413 Western ave. Owned by James A. Hathaway; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by M. Strahan, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, spontaneous combustion of oily rags. 

Thursday, 16th, 3-40 P.M. Box 426. 

No. 9 Adams st. Owned by J. F. Hunnewell ; loss, $53; insurance, 
$4,500 ; occupied by B. F. Nutter, as lodgings ; originated in basement ; 
cause, explosion of gas. 

Thursday, 16th, 3-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 274 Franklin st. Owned by Guild estate; insurance, $10,000; 
occupied by Smith & Winchester, as plumber's supplies ; originated 
on 4th floor ; cause, short circuit motor wires igniting woodwork. 

Thursday, 16th, 7-37 P.M. Still. 

No. 369 Atlantic ave. Owned by Franklin King; insurance, 
$10,000 ; occupied by Alden Spear's Sons &Co., as oils, etc. ; insurance, 
$7,500; originated in cellar; cause, spontaneous combustion among 
rubbish in oil barrel. 

Thursday, 16th, 10-08 P.M. Still. 

Frost's wharf, near Neponset ave. Owned by Frost & Co. ; 
originated in pile of coal on the wharf; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Thursday, 16th, 11-22 P.M. Box 217. 

No. 1209 Tremont st. Owned by Campbell Bros. ; loss, $216 ; in- 
surance, $800; occupied by Henehy Bros., as carriage painters; loss, 
$45 ; insurance, $700 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, hot ashes on floor. 

Friday, 17th, 1-19 A.M. Box 427. 

Rear No. 119 Chelsea st. Owned by J. Reardon ; loss, $15; oc- 
cupied by J. F. Reynolds, as ash-shed; originated in ash-shed; cause, 
supposed incendiary. 

Friday, 17th, 9-35 A.M. Still. 

No. 9 Mt. Vernon ave. Owned by James Stevenson ; insm*ance, 
$4,000; occupied by John Connors, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated 
in basement ; cause, spark from opening in chimney. 



232 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 17th, 10-48 A.M. Box 14. 

No. 309 North st. Owned by D. Twigg estate ; loss, $28 ; insur- 
ance, $7,000; occupied by Michael Angelus, as tenement; loss, $10; 
originated on 3d floor ; cause, probably pipe-smoking in bed. 

Friday, 17th, 2-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 76 Dartmouth st. Needless alarm ; cause, smoky furnace. 

Friday, 17th, 3-25 P.M. Box 528. 

No. 3797 Washington st. Owned by R. S. Cochrane ; loss, $105 ; 
insurance. $1,200; occupied by Mrs. Cunningham, as dwelling; loss, 
$25 ; originated on roof ; cause, spark from locomotive. 

Friday, 17th, 3-49 P.M. Box 636. 

No. 52 Porter st. Owned by Thomas Canty ; loss, $48 ; insurance, 
$800 ; occupied by same, as dwelling ; loss, $58 : insurance, $500 ; 
originated in basement; cause, lighting fire with kerosene. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Delong, 72 years old, fatally bm'ned. 

Friday, 17th, 5-11 P.M. Box 612. 

No. 2 Everett pl. Owned by James Sproul ; insurance, $700 ; oc- 
cupied by same, as dwelling ; needless alarm ; cause, smoke mistaken 
for fire. 

Friday, 17th, 5-37 P.M. Box 76. 

No. 70 West Newton st. Owned by Bowman ; loss, $7 ; in- 
surance, $5.000 ; occupied by A. E. Allen, as lodgings ; loss, $35 ; insur- 
ance, $1,000 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, window curtain in contact 
with gas jet. 

Friday, 17th, 8-25 P.M. Box 52. 

No. 42 Lincoln st. Owned by Harris estate ; loss, $308 ; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by Wolfson Rubinovz, as clothing; loss, $2,750; in- 
surance, $8,000 ; occupied by Henry Krey. as hats, caps, etc.; loss, 
$550; insurance, $6,500; occupied by National Thread Company, as 
salesroom ; insurance, $9,500 ; occupied by R. D. Green, as shoe findings ; 
insurance, $14,250; originated on 4th floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 17lh, 9 P.M. Box 214. 

No. 3 Arnold st. Owned by Richard Stokes; loss, $30; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by Harvey Curran, as dwelling; loss, $20; insurance, 
" " ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 



Friday, 17lh, 9-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 22 Cambria st. 

Needless alarm; cause, fumigating house. 

Friday, 17th, 10-30 P.M. Box 6. 

No. 37 Barton st. Owned by Burkeman Bros.; unoccupied ; origi- 
nated in basement; cause, incendiary. 

Friday, 1 7th, 1 0-39 P.M. Still. 

Rear No. 84 LevErett ST. Originated in rubbish in yard ; no 
damage ; cause, incendiary. 



Fire Department. 233 



Friday, 17th, 11-28 P.M. Still. 

No. 211 Tremont st. Owned by C. U. Cutting, agent; loss, $11 ; 
insurance, $27,000 ; occupied by Heliotype Printing Company, as print- 
in g-office ; insurance, $24,000; occupied by F. H. Kilbourne, as piano 
store ; insurance, $5,700 ; originated in Hotel Pelham ; cause, burning 
paper in the fireplace and extended to No. 211. 

Saturday, 18th, 10-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 120 Havre st. Owned by Thomas Lane; occupied by Thomas 
Lane, as clothes yard; originated in yard; cause, burning old rubbish. 

Saturday, 18th, 12-52 P.M. Box 819. 
Off Western ave. Grass fire ; originated in grass ; cause, set by 
boys. 

Saturday, 18th, 5 P.M. Still. 

Rear 97 Silver st. Owned by Timothy Dempsey ; occupied by 
Mrs. Mary Roche, as dwelling; originated in chimney; cause, soot 
burning. 

Saturday, 18th, 5-25 P.M. Box 112. 

No. 177 Dorchester ave. Cause, sparks from chimney; need- 
less alarm. 

Saturday, 18th, 6-36 P.M. Still. 
No. 1210 Tremont st. Cause, smoking chimney; needless alarm. 

Saturday, 18th, 8-23 P.M. Box 529. 
Franklin park. Brush fire; cause, unknown. 

Saturday, 18th, 8-32, 8-41 P.M. Box 4. 

No. 43-49 Beverly st. Owned by James Wight; loss, $2,383; in- 
surance, $12,000; occupied by A. M. Wood & Co., as wheel manufact- 
ures; loss, $1,198; insurance, $2,500; occupied by N. E. Machine 
Company as machinery; loss, $1,250; insurance, $3,000; occupied by 
Morris Page, as furniture manufacturer; loss, $134; insurance, $1,100; 
occupied by J. L. Tyler, as trunk manufacturing ; loss, $292; insurance, 
$2,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 19th, 4-48 P.M. Box 61. 

No. 4 Winchester st. Owned by James Stevenson ; loss, $78 ; in- 
surance, $20,000 ; occupied by Mrs. M. Sullivan; loss, $100; occupied 
by Mrs. A. Sullivan ; insurance, $100 ; originated on 4th floor ; cause, 
rats and matches. 

Remarks. — Substitute Sullivan, of Engine No. 26, was thrown from 
hose wagon, breaking his arm. 

Sunday, 19th, 6-10 P.M. Box 76. 

No. 196 W. Springfield st. Owned by S. Alexander; loss, $55; 
insurance, $6,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $75; insur- 
ance, $1,000; originated on 5th floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 19th, 9-04 P.M. Box 214. 

No. 24 Woodbury st. Owned by J. H. Russell, agent; loss, $22; 
insurance. $1,500; occupied by Maiy Wilson, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, breaking of kerosene lamp. 



234 City Document No. 12. 



Sunday, 19th, 9-20 P.M. Still. 

■ No. 21 Newland ST. Owned by P. O'Loughlin; insurance, $2,500; 
occupied by A. H. Scales, as dwelling; loss, $30; originated on 1st' 
floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 20th, 5-09 P.M. Still. 

No. 69 Salem st. Owned by Louis Ginsberg ; insurance, $6,500 ; 
occupied by J. Silverman, as tenement ; oi - iginated on 1st floor ; cause, 
smoky stove. 

Monday, 20th, 6-52 P.M. Still. 

No. 9 Warwick st. Cause, fumigating a house ; needless alarm. 

Monday, 20th, 11-40 P.M. Still. 
Newton and Washington sts. False alarm. 

Tuesday, 21st, 2-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 11 Hawthorn st. Cause, burning rubbish in street; needless 
alarm. 

Tuesday, 21st, 10-10 A.M. Still. 

No. 234 Newbury st. Originated in chimney; cause, burning out; 
needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 21st, 1-48 P.M. Box 315. 

Rear No. 70 E. Cottage st. Owned by Batchelder heirs ; occupied 
by H. G. Jordan, as coal-shed; originated on roof; cause, sparks from 
locomotive. 

Tuesday. 21sl, 4-34 P.M. Box 76. 

No. 126 W. Newton st. Owned by T. Kingsbury; loss, $20; insur- 
ance, $2,000 ; occupied by same, as dwelling ; insurance, $800 ; origi- 
nated on 1st floor ; cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel. 

Tuesday, 21st, 5-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 11 Bradford st. Owned by G. H. Green; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by P. Guthrie, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, breaking of kerosene lamp. 

Tuesday, 21st, 10-35 P.M. Still 

No. 156 Leverett st. Owned by Breen heirs; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by F. A. McLaughlin, as dwelling; originated on roof; cause, 
sparks from chimney. 

Wednesday, 22d, 1-21 P.M. Box 69. 

No. 18 Ashland pl. Owned by A. E. Scott, agent; loss, $900; in- 
surance, $6,000: occupied byF. M. Davis, as lodging-house ; loss, $500; 
insurance, $2,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, overheated furnace. 

Wednesday, 22d, 4-54 P.M. Box 748. 
Phillips School-house. Cause, set by boys; false alarm. 

Wednesday, 22d, 5-05 P.M. Still. 

Washington & Pelham sts. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company; 
occupied by same, as electric car; originated in car; cause, defective 
motor. 



Fire Department. 235 



Wednesday, 22d, 8-54 P.M. Box 425. 

Nos. 187-189 Medford st. Owned by Mrs. M Fall ; loss, $475; in- 
surance, $2,500 ; occupied by Patrick McGown, as leather-dresser ; loss, 
$501 ; insurance, $11,600 ; occupied by Edward Jewell & Co., as leather 
to be dressed; loss, $1,011; insurance, $8,000; originated in boiler- 
room ; cause, overheated boiler. 

Remarks. — Laddermen Mitchell, Restarick, Young, and Becker, of 
Ladder No. 9, cut by glass. 

Wednesday, 22d, 10-29 P.M. Box 53. 

Nos. 11-23 Eliot st. Owned by C. H. Dill ; loss, $1,173 ; insurance, 
$100,000; occupied by Plymouth Rock Pants Company, as workshop ; 
loss, $3,500; insurance, $48,500; occupied by American Furniture 
Company, as salesroom; loss, $150; insurance, $5,000; occupied by 
Chandler & Barber, as hardware ; insurance, $27,500; originated on 
5th floor ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 23d, 6-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 243 Border st. Owned by Mrs. M. O'Brien ; insurance, $2,000 ; 
occupied by same, as dwelling; originated in chimney; cause, burn- 
ing of soot. 

Thursday, 23d, 10-58 A.M. Box 54. 

No. 75 Beach st. Owned by Dr. Walsh ; loss, $15 ; insurance, $6,000 ; 
occupied by Mrs. M. Gallagher, as dwelling; occupied by Philip 
Young, as barber shop ; insurance, $500 ; originated in basement ; 
cause, overheated furnace. 

Thursday, 23d, 5-27 P. M. Box 125. 

Rear No. 63 Alger st. Owned by James Briggs ; loss, $5; occu- 
pied by Roger McCarthy, as stable ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, set 
by boys. 

Thursday, 23d, 8-23 P.M. Box 78. 

No. 58 E. Newton ST. Owned by W. Miller; insurance, $4,000; 
occupied by L. J. Steinburg, as dwelling; cause, gas explosion. 

Friday, 24th, 11-35 A.M. Still. 

United States Hotel, Beach st. Owned by Boston Hotel Com- 
pany; insurance, $170,000; occupied by same, as hotel; insurance, 
$38,000; originated in basement; cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel. 

Saturday, 25th, 7-40 A.M. Still. 

Rear No. 8 Milk st. Owned by Professor Minor; loss, $5; occupied 
by same, as boot-black stand; loss, $5; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
overheated stove. 

Saturday, 25th, 1-32 P.M. Still. 

No. 50 Mt. Bowdoin ave. Owned by Thomas O'Callaghan ; loss, 
$40; insurance, $11,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $52; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, children playing with 
gas jet. 

Saturday, 25th, 4-35 P.M. Box 73. 

No. 1323 Washington st. Owned by W. T. Haskell estate; insur- 
ance. $65,000; occupied by Amy Smith et als., as dwelling; loss, $25; 
insurance, $6,500; originated on 2d floor; cause, throwing lighted 
match on lounge. 



236 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 25ih, 8-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 66 Orleans st. Owned by B. & M. R.R. Company ; insurance, 
occupied by J. H. Small, as hay and grain; insurance, $1,000; 
cause, reflection of lantern in stable ; needless alarm. 

Saturday, 25th, 10-15 P.M. Box 126. 

No. 148 F ST. Owned by Mrs. French ; loss, $20 ; insurance, $2,-500 ; 
occupied by N. T. Howard, as paint-shop: loss, $31 ; insurance, $500; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Saturday, 25th, 11-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 1 Peaceable st. Owned by G. A. Fuller; loss. $3 ; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by W. F. Rodd, as blacksmith; originated on 1st 
floor ; cause, fire from forge. 

Sunday, 26th, 12-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 3779 Washington st. Owned by Mrs. A. McNulty ; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; insurance, $750; originated on 
chimney ; cause, accidental. 

Sunday, 26th, 1-55 P.M. Still. 

Junction Bkookline ave. and Minor st. Brush fire ; originated 
on marsh; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 26th, 3-33 P.M. Box 54. 

No. 17 Oxford st. Owned by Geo. Goodenough ; insurance, $3,700 ; 
occupied by Mrs. Harry J. Oliver, as lodging-house; loss, $30; insur- 
ance, $1,000; originated on 4th floor; cause, match dropped on bed. 

Sunday, 26th, 5-26 P.M. Still. 

No. 54 Bowdoin ST. Owned by New Jerusalem Church ; loss, $3 ; 
insurance, $8,000; occupied by Geo. A. Tuttle, as dwelling; loss, $73; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, child and matches. 

Sunday, 26th, 5-28 P.M. Still. 

No. 16 Bennett st. Owned by I. F. Dabson ; insurance. $6,000; 
occupied by James Drinen, as bakery; loss, $15; occupied by J. W. 
Ritchie, as dwelling ; originated on awning ; cause, cigar thrown on to 
awning. 

Sunday, 26th, 5-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 1 Highland pl. Owned by Alonzo Dexter ; insurance". $2,500 ; 
occupied by M. S. Simmons, as dwelling; loss, $11 ; insurance, $1,000; 
originated on 3d floor ; cause, lace curtain and gas jet. 

Sunday, 26th, 8-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 133 B ST. Owned by J. C. Meins ; loss. $5; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by Patrick Wren et als., as dwelling; insurance, $500; 
originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 26th, 8-30 P.M. Still. 

Opposite 314 Dover st. Originated in street ; cause, boys burning 
rubbish. 



Fire Department. 237 



Monday, 27th, 5-51 A.M. Box 113. 

No. 133 B st. No. 133 owned by Jane C. Meins ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
No. 135 owned by Jane C. Meins; loss, $160; insurance, $1,000; No. 
131 owned by Jane C. Meins; insurance, $1,500; No. 133 occupied by 
Patrick Wren, as dwelling; loss, $57; insurance, $500 ; No. 133 occu- 
pied by James Dolan, as dwelling; loss, $20; insurance, $500; No. 131 
occupied by Jessie R. Mason, as dwelling; loss, $5; insurance, $500; 
No. 131 occupied by John Carty, as dwelling; loss, $29; insurance, 
$500 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Remarks. — Suspicious circumstances in connection with this fire, 
there being three different fires within twenty-four hours. 

Ladderman J. VV. Bird, Truck 5, had thumb cut by an axe. 

Monday, 27th, 10-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 87 Liverpool st. Owned by John D. Hurley; insurance, 
$1,800; occupied by Ed. Holland, as tenement; originated on 3d floor; 
cause unknown. 

Monday, 27th, 11-02 A.M. Still. 

Park sq. Owned by West End R.R. Company ; occupied by same, 
as electric car ; originated on car ; cause, overheated rheostat. 

Monday, 27th, 4-45 P.M. Box, none. 

No. 23 Pitts st. Owned by A. N.Funklestein ; loss, $16 ; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by David Campbell, as dwelling ; loss, $6 ; insurance, 
$1,000; originated on 4th floor; cause, supposed breaking of lamp. 

Remarks. — David Campbell severely burnt, hospital, died after- 
wards. Margaret Campbell found burnt to death. Department did 
not receive a call to this fire ; burnt itself out. 

Monday, 27th, 5-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 10 Whittier st. Owned by T. Hall, agent; insurance. $2,000; 
occupied by E. B. Allen, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
match dropped on a broom. 

Monday, 27th, 7-05 P.M. Box 4. 

Nos. 147-153 Causeway st. Owned by Thomas Butler; loss, 
insurance, $4,000 ; occupied by Max Goldburg, as clothing ; loss, 
insurance, $800 ; occupied by Anderson & Knights, as bai'ber shop ; 
loss, $35 ; insurance, $200 ; occupied by P. Kearins, as liquors ; loss, 
$75 ; insurance, $3,000 ; originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 27th, 7-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 285 Main st. Owned by Isaac Klous ; occupied by A. Taylor, 
as dining-room; loss, $10; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of 
oil-stove in the window. 

Monday, 27th, 8-29 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 26 Lowell st. Owned by John Riley; insurance, $3,000; occu- 
pied by Samuel Cohen, as shoe store; loss, $75; insurance, $300; 
originated in basement; cause, breaking of oil lamp. 

Tuesday, 28th, 3-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 155 W. Broadway. Owned by Bridget Neary; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by Miss E. M. Lane, as dry goods; loss, $2; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause, unknown. 



238 City Document No. 12. 

Tuesday, 28th, 8-31 A.M. Still. 
Old Colony Railroad Repair Shop. Needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 28th, 11-19 A.M. Box 76. 

No. 704 Tremont st. Owned by E. F. Coleman ; loss, $20 ; insur- 
ance, $5,000 ; occupied by European staff of physicians, as dwelling ; 
originated on 1st floor ; cause, overheated furnace. 

Tuesday, 28th, 3-45 P.M. Watkins" 1 Automatic. 

No. 103 Endicott st. Owned by Waite & Bond ; insurance, $20,000 ; 
occupied by same, as cigar factory ; originated in basement ; cause, over- 
charged thermostat. 

Tuesday, 28th, 5-01 P.M. Box 827. 

No. 27 Mechanic st. Owned by Nahum Thayer ; loss, $60; insur- 
ance, $3,300; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $10; insurance, 
; originated on 1st floor; cause, drying clothes near hot stove. 



Tuesday, 28th, 8-27 P.M. Box 28. 

No. 51 Commercial ST. Owned by Silas Pierce ; loss, $142 ; insur- 
ance, $15,000; occupied by Webster Form Company, as Form Manu- 
factory; loss, $1,135; insurance, $2,400 ; occupied by Utley & Rogers, 
as commission merchants; loss, $500; insurance, $10,000; occupied by 
E. M. Hastings, as wood-carver ; loss, $13; insurance, $800; occupied 
by H. R. Atwood, as oyster dealer; insurance, $1,500; originated on 
5th floor; cause, probably incendiary. 

Wednesday, 29th, 6-50 P.M. Box 191. 

No. 14 Howes st. Owned by L. M. Baker; occupied by A. M. 
Graham, as dwelling; originated on front porch; cause, breaking of 
kerosene oil lamp. 

Wednesday, 29th, 10-24 P.M. Box 54. 

Nos. 63-65 Essex st. Owned by Kimball heirs ; loss, $1,775; insur- 
ance, $47,500; occupied by Whitney Bros., as paper dealers; loss, $60; 
insurance, $16,000; occupied by Wheelock Manufacturing Company, as 
factory; loss, $5,541; insurance, $11,500; occupied by E. L. Joslin & 
Co., as dress forms; loss, $193; insurance, $1,000; occupied by L. 
Sneider & Co., as tailor; insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; 
cause unknown. 

Thursday, 30th, 11-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 168 Lincoln st. Owned by A. D. Puffer; loss, $85; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by C. L. Richardson, as grocer; insurance, $13,500; 
occupied by A. McDonald, as awnings; loss, $15; insurance, $1,200; 
occupied by H. H. Tilton, as fireworks; loss, $300; occupied by M. 
Hollyer, as store-room; insurance, $800; occupied by T. D. Cook, as 
store-room; loss, $50; insurance, $300; originated on 2d floor: 
cause unknown. 

Thursday, 30th, 3-45 P.M. Box 21. 

No. 98 Court st. Owned by Shaw heirs; loss, $73; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by S. J. Doughaw, as photographer; insurance, 
$1,500; originated on 3d floor; cause, incendiary. 



Fire Department. 239 



Thursday, 30lh, 5-11 P.M. Still. 

No. 20 Adams pl. Owned by Elizabeth R. Hayes; insurance, $1,- 
450 ; unoccupied ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, upsetting of stove 
for di*ying plastering. 



DECEMBER. 



Friday, 1st, 2-52 A.M. Box 361. 

Talbot ave. Owned by J. A. Hendrie & Bro. ; loss, $868 ; insur- 
ance, $12,000; occupied by same, as restaurant; loss, $50; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Friday, 1st, 3-05 A.M. Box 927. 
Learned & Dickens sts. No 30 Learned st. ; owned by Edward 
Mahan ; loss, $250 ; insurance, $250 ; No. 3 Learned court, owned by Mar- 
tin Maguire; loss, $175; insurance, $1,200; rear Leai-ned st., owned by 
Margaret Mahan ; loss, $80; insurance, $1,000; rear 42 Dickens st., 
owned by Johannah Denehy ; loss, $325 ; insurance, $2,000 ; No. 30, oc- 
cupied by Edward Mahan, as stable ; loss, $440 ; insurance, $470 ; No. 3, 
occupied by Martin Maguire, as dwelling; loss, $30; rear unoccupied, 
as dwelling; rear 42, unoccupied, as stable; originated in stable, No. 
30 Learned st. ; cause, incendiary. 

Friday, 1st, 3-17 A.M. Box 218. 

Nos. 2278-2280 Washington st. Owned by Moses heirs; loss, 
$435; insurance, $13,000; occupied by Thomas Doyle, as undertaker; 
loss, $400; insurance, $1,250; occupied by Cohen & Finklestein, as 
clothing; loss, $1,633; insurance, $10,000; originated in basement; 
cause, overheated furnace-pipe. 

Friday, 1st, 6-55 A.M. Still. 

No. 760 Washington st. Owned by Blanchard heirs ; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied b} r T. Daly & Co., as liquors; insurance, $10,000; oc- 
cupied by H. E. Rand, as bai*ber shop; insurance, $1,000; originated in 
cellar; cause, gas explosion. 

Remarks. — John McCarthy severely burned by explosion of gas. 

Friday, 1st, 9-17 A.M. Still. 

No. 63 Salem st. Owned by L. Ginsburg; insurance, $2,000; occu- 
pied by Joseph Stengle, as tenement; originated on top floor ; cause, 
upsetting of kerosene-oil stove. 

Friday, 1st, 4-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 63 Phillips st. Owned by Elizabeth Adams ; occupied by G. E. 
Roberts, as dwelling ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, kerosene-oil stove 
taking Are. 

Remarks. — Hoseman Kelley, of Hose 8, fractured his foot in stepping 
off the wagon. 

Friday, 1st, 9-22 P.M. Box 122. 

Alger st. Owned by E. W. Walker; loss, $643 ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
occupied by same, as stable; loss, $300; insurance, $2,300; occupied by 
Mrs. J. C. Clancey, as stable; loss, $155; insurance, $1,000; originated 
on 2d floor; cause unknown. 



240 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 1st, 10-35 P.M. Still. 

Wren st. Owned by Mary A. Farrington ; loss, $9; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by Judge Howard, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, upsetting lamp. 

Saturday, 2d, 7-28 A.M. Box 453. 

Nos. 51o-517 Main st. Owned by Cunningham heirs; loss, $12; in- 
surance, $2,000 ; occupied by J V. Steel, as stoves; loss, $10; insur- 
ance, $3,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of oil stove. 

Saturday, 2d, 7-39 A.M. Box 61. 

No. 83 Pleasant st. Owned by G. R. White ; loss, $25 ; insurance, 
$6,000; occupied by Mrs. J. Robertson, as bakery; insurance, $1,000; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, gas jet igniting clothing. 

Saturday, 2d, 10-46 A.M. Still. 

No. 18 Hayward pl. Owned by Mrs. E. Pitt; insurance, $5,000; 
occupied by Geo. A. Harris, as caterer; insurance, $1,000; originated 
in chimney ; cause, smoky chimney. 

Saturday, 2d, 4-26 P.M. Box 76. 

No. 94 Pembroke st. Owned by A. H. Stearns; loss, $119; insur- 
ance, $5,000; occupied by J. Holland, as dwelling; loss, $75; insur- 
ance, $3,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, defective furnace. 

Saturday, 2d, 9-30 P.M. Box 465. 

B. & M. R.R., Cambridge-st. yard. Owned by Pullman Car Com- 
pany (palace car "Maud"); loss, $25; originated in oil tank ; cause, 
explosion of oil tank. 

Sunday, 3d, 1-08 A.M. Box 432. 

Rear Nos. 1-3 Mason pl. No. 1, owned by M. L. White ; loss, $20 ; 
No. 3, owned by Mrs. I. W. Derby ; loss, $20 ; No. 1, occupied by same, 
as ash-house ; No. 3, occupied by same, as ash-house ; originated in ash 
barrel; cause, hot ashes thrown into wood barrel. 

Sunday, 3d, 2-25 A.M. Box 925. 

Rear Bowdoin st. Owned by a land company ; occupied by un- 
known, as storage of paints ; originated in cellar ; cause, spontaneous 
combustion oily rags. 

Sunday, 3d, 11-24 A M. Box 121 . 

No. 40 Athens st. Owned by Margaret Flahei'ty; loss, $830; in- 
surance, $3,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $100; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Monday, 4th, 4-59 A.M. Still. 
No. 12 Green st. Owned by R. G. Shaw heirs , loss, $212 ; insurance, 
$8,000 ; occupied by N. B. Nalbandian, as fruits ; loss, $100 ; insurance, 
$600 ; occupied by J. Murdock, as lodgings ; loss, $20 ; originated on 
1st floor ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Tuesday, 5th. Still. 

No. 414 Parker st. Owned by John Sheehan ; insurance, $5,000 ; 
occupied by same, as dwelling ; insurance, $2,000; originated in chim- 
ney; cause, soot burning. 



Fire Department. 241 



Tuesday, 5th, 4-23 A.M. Box 62. 

No. 154 Boylston st. Owned by Welch estate ; loss, $2,751 ; in- 
surance, $20,000 ; occupied by Murdock Grate Company, as salesroom ; 
loss, $21,833 ; insurance, $39,500 ; occupied by Howard Dental Com- 
pany, as office ; loss, $700 ; insurance, $2,500 ; originated in basement ; 
cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 5th, 3-20 P.M. Still. 

Charles st. Owned by West End Railroad Company; occupied by 
same, as electric car; originated under car; cause, electricity. 

Tuesday, 5th, 3-41 P.M. Still. 

No. 23 Margaret st. Owned by M. Berenson ; insui'ance, $8,500 ; 
occupied by same, as tenement ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, children 
and matches. 

Tuesday, 5th, 5-03 P.M. Still. 

India wharf. Owned by Portland Steamboat Packet Company ; 
loss, $260; insurance, $196,500; occupied by same, as steamboat " Port- 
land ; " originated on saloon deck ; cause, smoke-pipe igniting wooden 
partition. 

Tuesday, 5th, 6-34 P.M. Box 25. 

West End City Stable yards. Owned by City of Boston ; loss, 
$20 ; occupied by Board of Health, as office ; loss, $50 ; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Tuesday, 5th, 9-06 P.M. Watkins Automatic. 

No. 36 Charlestown st. Owned by Ai'ioch Wentworth ; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by Holmes & Blanchard, as machinery; insurance, 
$24,000; originated on top floor; cause, water leaking in thermostat. 

Tuesday, 5th, 11-42 P.M. Box 633. 
Gove st., near Paris. False alarm. 

Wednesday, 6th. Still. 

No. 44 Middlesex st. Owned by George J. Wardwell ; insurance, 
$2,500 ; occupied by Mrs. Mary Kemp, as lodgings ; loss, $15 ; originated 
on 2d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 6th, 1-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 56 Moreland st. Owned by John P. Manning ; occupied by 
same, as dwelling : originated in basement ; cause, explosion of gas. 
Remarks. — No fire; house shattered by explosion. 

Wednesday, 6th, 11-20 A.M. Box 74. 

No. 13 Dedham st. Owned by M. H. Williams ; insurance, $25,000 ; 
occupied by Mrs. F. L. Rogers, as dwelling; insurance, $1,500; occu- 
pied by Miss G. E.Jameson, as dwelling; insurance, $1,000; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene-oil stove. 

Wednesday, 6th, 12-12 P.M. Box 618. 

No. 41 Haynes st. Owned by Elbe Scribner heirs ; occupied by 
William Johnson and others, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, children and matches. 



242 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 6th, 2-17 P.M. Box 56. 

Nos. 155 and 157 Kneeland st. Owned by Boston & Albany R.R. 
Company ; loss, $239 ; insurance, $3,800 ; occupied by H. Collin, as 
cigars; loss, $2,500; insurance, $6,000; occupied by S. M. Caro & Son, 
as clothing; insurance, $3,500 ; originated in basement; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 6th, 5-11 P.M. Box 549. 

No. 78 Call st. Owned by John Nolan ; insurance, $800 ; occupied 
by same, as dwelling; originated in basement; cause, combustion of 
oily rags. 

Wednesday, 6th, 6-35 P.M. Still. 

New Public Library, Boylston st. Owned by City of Boston ; oc- 
cupied by same, as library ; needless alarm ; cause, supposed fire. 

Thursday, 7th, 5-33 A.M. Box 135. 
No. 518 and 519 East Eighth st. Owned by McMahon heirs ; loss, 
$504; insurance, $3,000; occupied by M. D. Everson, as groceries; 
loss, $900; insurance, $1,000; occupied by A. C. Hollfelder, as dwell- 
ing; loss, $10; originated on 1st floor; cause, dropping of lighted 
kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 7th, 6-13 A.M. Box 633. 
Cor. Maverick and Decatur sts. Owned by Methodist Society; 
loss, $4,125; insurance, $21,000; occupied by same, as Bethel; loss, 
$466 ; insurance, $5,000 ; originated in boiler-room ; cause, overheated 
boiler. 

Thursday, 7th, 10-21 A.M. Box 629. 

Rear No. 78 Border st. Owned by Wm. M. McKie, steamboat 
"Bangor;" loss, $27,000; insurance, $85,000; occupied by Atlantic 
Works, as boiler and tools ; loss, $2,250 ; insurance. $40,000 ; occupied 
by Fletcher Machine Company, as machinery -room ; loss, $1,230; in- 
surance, $50,000; originated on main deck; cause, spontaneous com- 
bustion of painter's supplies. 

Remarks. — John Muir was burned about the face and hands. 

Thursday, 7th, 12-20 P.M. Still. 

No. 61 Beach st. Owned by James W. French & Sons; insurance, 
$5,500; occupied by John Mellow, as lodgings; loss, $39; insurance, 
$1,500 ; originated on 3d floor ; cause, woman's dress taking fire. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Louisa Bovven burned to death by her dress. 

TJiursday, 7th, 5 P.M. Box 336. 
No. 201 Washington st. Owned by J. 1. Stewart ; loss, $25 ; insur- 
ance, $11,000; occupied by Fred. Brown, as dwelling; loss, $44; insur- 
ance, $2,000 ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Thursday, 7ih, 5-03 P.M. Still. 
Columbus ave. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company ; occupied by 
same, as car ; originated in car ; cause, hot box. 

; Thursday, 7th, 8-40 P.M. Still. 
Warren drawbridge. Cause, leak in gas main ; needless alarm. 

Thursday, 7th, 9-20 P.M. Box 212. 
No. 18 Orange court. Owned by Bridget Donlon heir's ; loss, $200 ; 
occupied by James Donlon, as dwelling; loss, $25 ; originated on 1st 
floor; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 243 



Thursday, 7th, 9-25 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 High st. Owned by Alfred A. Dow; occupied by F. W. 
Micher, as leather; originated on 5th floor; cause, light mistaken for 
fire ; needless alarm. 

Thursday, 7th, 9-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 16-24 Oliver st. Owned by Alvah A. Burrage ; occupied by 
Walworth Manufacturing Company, as store ; insurance, $152,000 ; 
originated on roof; cause, sparks from chimney. 

Friday, 8th, 6-28 A.M. Box 215. 

No. 102 Hammond st. Owned by P. B. Watson; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by F. D. Wyman, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 2d 
floor ; cause, hot ashes in wooden box. 

Friday, 8th, 10-04 A.M. Box 74. 

No. 40 East Canton st. Owned by S. L. Boland; loss, $100; in- 
surance, $3,000 ; occupied by same, as dwelling ; loss, $40 ; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, defective furnace. 

Friday, 8th, 8-50 P.M. Box 12. 

Nos. 38 and 40 Beverly st. 38-40, owned by Henry Murray; loss, 
$421 ; insurance, $1,000; 34-36 owned by J. G. Lamont; loss, $41 ; in- 
surance, $500; 38-40, occupied by E. Betts, as stair-builder; 38-40, 
occupied by T. Wilson, as carpenter; loss, $623; insurance, $1,300; 
38-40, occupied by Guindon & Durant, as coppersmiths ; loss, $485 ; in- 
surance, $8,200; 34-36, occupied by J. G. Lamont, as cornices; 34-36, 
occupied by R.'H. Hill, as carver; loss, $15 ; insurance, $125 ; originated 
on 2d floor; cause, defective chimney. 

Friday, 8th, 8-54 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 121 Eliot st. Owned by James Stevenson; loss, $75; insur- 
ance, $5,500; occupied by MeKenzie & El wood, as carpenters ; loss, 
$25; occupied by Healy & Co., as gas-fitters; loss, $180; insurance, 
$400; occupied by Perkins, as wall paper; insurance, $1,500; occupied 
by M. Matthews, as restaurant; insurance, $500; originated on 2d 
floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 9th, 1-19 A.M. Box 214. 

Rear No. 2 Hunneman st. Owned by Louis Bernson ; loss, $100; 
insurance, $500; occupied by Joseph Harris, as stable; loss, $349; in- 
surance, $1,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, incendiary. 

Remarks. — One horse smothered and one burned. 

Saturday, 9th, 9-04 A.M. Box 41. 

No. 150 Devonshire st. Owned by Equitable Life Assurance 
Society; insurance, $100,000; occupied by same, as boiler-room; orig- 
inated in basement ; cause, burst steam-pipe mistaken for fire ; needless 
alarm. 

Saturday, 9th, 5-37 P.M. Box 65. 

No. 41 Lincoln st. Owned by Daniel Madden; loss, $6 ; insurance, 
$3,500; occupied by Patrick Kane, as tenement; loss, $4; originated on 
2d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Saturday, 9ih, 8-29 P.M. Box 528. 
False alarm. 



244 City Document No. 12. 

Sunday, 10th, 1-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 34 Sheafe st. Owned by John Fan-en ; loss, $15 ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; originated in cellar; cause, 
imperfect furnace. 

Sunday, 10th, 5-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 522 Dorchester ave. Owned by Martha T. Abbott; occupied 
by Mrs. Smith and others, as dwelling ; originated in cellar ; cause, set 
by a boy. 

Monday, 11th, 2-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 21 East Lenox st. Owned by T. L. Connolly ; loss, $10 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by Mrs. Mary Merrill, as dwelling; originated 
on 2d floor ; cause, drying wood in oven. 

Monday, 11th, 6-14 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 5 Tennyson st. Owned by James Stevenson ; loss, $100 ; occu- 
pied by James Bailey, as lodgings; loss, $200; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, overheated stove. 

Monday, 11th, 7-56 P.M. Box 24. 

No. 75 Cambridge st. Owned by E. C. Granville; loss, $27 ; insur- 
ance, $500; occupied by Mrs. Rose Quinn, as dwelling; loss, $50; 
occupied by J. Dacey, as dwelling ; loss, $5 ; originated on 3d floor ; 
cause, overheated stove. 

Monday, 11th, 8-21 P.M. Box 57. 

No. 58 Harvard st. Owned by J. Quinn ; loss, $335 ; insurance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by Mrs. C. Randall, as lodgings ; loss, $100 ; orig- 
inated on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — John Gerry was found burned to death. 

Monday, 11th, 8-52 P.M. Box 243. 

No. 8 Roxbdrv terrace. Owned by Thomas Hall, agent; loss, 
$247 ; insurance, $3,800 ; occupied by R. McPherson, as dwelling; loss, 
$100; insurance, $500; originated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — Box 221 pulled for same fire. 

Monday, 11th, 8-55 P.M. Still. 
No. 585 Washington st. Owned by A. Shuman ; loss, $33 ; insur- 
ance, $49,000; occupied by Chas. Green & Co., as tailors; insurance, 
$15,000 ; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 11th, 11-45 P.M. Still. 
154 Chandler st. Needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 12th, 8-50 A.M. Still. 
No. 8 Huckins ave. Owned by F. W. Todd ; loss, $30 ; insurance, 
$3,700; occupied by H. M. Amsbury, as dwelling; loss, $50; orig- 
inated on third floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 12th, 4-15 P.M. Box 24. 

No. 30 Garden st. Owned by C. E. Stratton ; loss, $95 ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by Miss Julia S. Williams, as dwelling; originated on 
3d floor; cause, child playing with matches. 

Remarks. — An orphan child, three years old, named John Smith, 
found burned to death. 



Fire Department. 245 



Tuesday, 12th, 5-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 10 Staniford st. Needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 12th, 5-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 76 Winthrop ST. Owned by Gibby & Caldwell; unoccupied; 
originated on 2d floor; cause, fire in open grate igniting woodwork. 

Tuesday, 12th, 7-02 P.M. Box 125. 

No. 3 Woodward st. Owned by Martha T. Abbott; occupied by 
Michael Powers, as dwelling; originated in cellar; cause, set by boys 
in wood-pile. 

Tuesday, 12th, 8-56 P.M. Still. 

Rear No. 625 Dorchester ave. Owned by L. H. Hempe; loss, 
$20 ; occupied by same, as carpenter ; loss, $5 ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, overheated stove. 

Wednesday, 13th, 8-25 A.M. Still. 

Cor. Foundry and Division sts. Owned by Win. J. Loney ; occu- 
pied by M. Renison & Co., as wheelwrights; originated on roof; cause, 
sparks from chimney. 

Wednesday, 13th, 8-51 A.M. Box 214. 

No. 1999 Washington st. Owned by Davis estate ; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by H. M. Hall, as boots and shoes; loss, $147; in- 
surance, $4, 000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, Brookline Gas Com- 
pany's employees. 

Wednesday, 13th, 9-26 A.M. Still. 
Cor Mill and Webster st. False alarm. 

Wednesday, 13th, 9-54 A.M. Still. 

No. 42 Berlin st. Owned by A. Conant; loss, $12; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by James Shay, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, thawing of water-pipes. 

Wednesday, 13th, 3-40 P.M. Still. 

Opp. 1764 Washington st. Originated on cut-out box ; cause, 
overcharged wire. 

Wednesday, 13th, 4-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 154 Tremont st. Owned by Lawrence estate; insurance, 
$100,000; occupied by Julius Fellner. as restaurant; insurance, $5,000; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, gas-jet igniting gauze ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday 13th, 5-35 P.M. Still. 

No. 17 Exeter st. Owned by L. M. Chamberlain; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by Mrs. M. A. Snow, as dwelling; insurance, $5,000 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, thawing of water-pipes. 

Wednesday, 13th, 5-54 P.M. Box 69. 

No. 35 Rochester st. Owned by Mrs. M. O'Connell; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; insurance, $2,000 ; originated 
in chimney; cause, soot burning. 



246 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 13th, 7-48 P.M. Box 64. 

No. 16 Indiana pl. Owned by Frederick Jenkins estate ; loss, 
$375; insurance, $4,000; occupied by Mrs. Julius Arkin, as dwelling; 
loss, $125; insurance, $1,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, hot ashes 
in wooden box. 

Wednesday, 13th, 9-12 P.M. Box 53. 

No. 208 Tremont St. Owned by James Stevenson ; loss, $9 ; in- 
surance, $15,000 ; occupied by Mrs. Dr. Barden, as office ; loss, $18 ; 
insurance, $635. 

Wednesday, 13th, 10-48 P.M. Box 134. 

No. 118 Gold st. Owned by E. W. Barry; loss, $5; occupied by 
J. Barry, as stable; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 14th, 3-40 A.M. Box 315. 

No. 125 Brook ave. Owned by Patrick Meegan ; loss, $18 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000 ; occupied by same, as dwelling ; loss, $4 ; insurance, 
$1,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, upsetting kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 14th, 7-25 A.M. Still. 

India wharf. Owned by Metropolitan Steamship Company ; occu- 
pied by freight and passenger boats ; originated between decks ; cause, 
probably spontaneous. 

Thursday, 14th, 7-58 A.M. Box 418. 

Fitchburg R.R. yard. Owned by Central Vt. R.R. Company; 
blanket policy ; occupied by Nelson & Clark, as potato car; loss, $10; 
originated in car ; cause, overheated stove. 

Thursday, 14th, 9-05 A.M. Box 73. 

No. 1296-1300 Washington st. Owned by L. R. Cutter; loss, 
$1,550; insurance, $30,000; 1296, owned by L. R. Cutter; 1300, occu- 
pied by Nathan Hilton et als., as dwelling and restaurant; loss, $115 ; 
insm-ance, $1,100; 1296, occupied by L. Marks, as dwelling; loss, $38; 
insurance, $1,800; originated on 2d floor; cause, defective flue. 

Thursday, 14lh, 9-38 A.M. Box 129. 

No. 40 W. Fifth st. Owned by Morris Curry; loss, $21; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by John Ring, as dwelling; originated on 2d 
floor ; cause, spai'ks from stove. 

Thursday, 14th, 10-05 A.M. Still. 

Mason st. Owned by City of Boston ; occupied by Fire Department, 
as Engine 26 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, igniting of fuel in boiler. 

Thursday, 14th, 12-47 P.M. Box 25. 

No. 28 N. Anderson st. Owned by W. Shapiro ; loss, $187 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000; occupied by Mrs. G. Simmons, as dwelling; loss, $150; 
occupied by Mrs. C. Mahan, as dwelling; loss $5 ; occupied by Mrs. 
Colsen, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 1st floor; cause, thawing 
of water-pipes. 



Fire Department. 247 



Thursday, 14th, 2-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 15 Tremont row. Owned by P. C. Brooks ; occupied by Wil- 
son Bros., as jewelry; originated in basement; cause, overheated 
chimney. 

Thursday, 14th, 3-18 P.M. Box 57. 

No. 100 Tyler st. Owned by Dr. Rohan ; loss, $175; insurance, 
$9,000; occupied by same, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
thawing water-pipes. 

Thursday, 14th, 4-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 141 Roxbcry ST. Occupied by St. Luke Home, as hospital ; 
originated in chimney ; cause, soot burning. 

Thursday, 14th, 5-52 P.M. Automatic. 

No. 297 Congress st. Owned by Mrs. Grace D. C. Estes; insur- 
ance, .$35,000; occupied by various parties, as printers, etc.; origi- 
nated on 6th floor; cause, overheated thermostat; needless alarm. 

Thursday, 14th, 6-38 P.M. Box 48. 

No. 33 High st. Owned by James S. Stone; occupied by M. H. 
Merriam, as shoe findings; originated on 2d floor; cause, open fire in 
grate mistaken for a fire ; needless alarm. 

Thursday, 14th, 8-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 69 Adams st. Owned by F. W. G-. May; insurance, $2,500; 
occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $20; insurance, $2,800; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, defective fireplace. 

Thursday, 14th, 10-15 P.M. Still. 

Tremont row. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company: occupied by 
same, as car; originated under body of car; cause, electricity. 

Friday, 15lh, 5 A.M. Still. 

No. 109 River st. Owned by Patrick Fallon; occupied by same, as 
dwelling; originated in cellar ; cause, defective stove-pipe. 

Friday, 15th, 10-43 A.M. Still. 

No. 493 Washington st. Owned by Blake heirs ; loss, $3 ; insur- 
ance, $60,000; occupied by Freeman & Taylor, as jewellers; insurance, 
$12,000; originated on 3d floor; cause, explosion of oil-stove. 

Friday, 15th, 5-07 P.M. Box 214. 

No. 641 Shawmut ave Owned by L. Lowell; loss, $20; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by F. Sprueill, as wood and coal; loss, $15; origi- 
nated in cellar.; cause, kerosene-oil stove taking fire. 

Friday, 15th, 6-20 P.M. Still. 

Washington st. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company; occupied by 
same, as electric car ; originated under car ; cause, electricity. 

Friday, 15th, 8-15 P.M. Still. 
No. 166 West Chester park. Needless alarm. 



248 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 16th, 12-52 A.M. Still. 

No. 271 Albany st. Owned by Armstrong Transfer Company ; loss, 
$302; insurance, $50,000; occupied by same, as stable; loss, $182; in- 
surance, $70,000 ; originated in basement ; cause, spontaneous com- 
bustion in canvas covers. 

Saturday, 16th, 8-30 A.M. Still. 
No. 1217 Washington st. Needless alarm. 

Saturday, 16th, 3-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 65 Bedford st. Owned by Fred L. Ames estate ; insurance, 
$423,750; occupied by R. H. White & Co., as wholesale store; in- 
surance, $600,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, burning out of fire- 
alarm box No. 793. 

Saturday, 16ih, 5-44 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 South Margin st. Owned by John Cohen ; occupied by 
Mrs. Wiseman, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, gas leak. 

Saturday, 16th, 6-20 P.M. Still. 

Rear No. 37 Anderson st. Owned by R. H. Bowman; loss, $45; 
insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by Mrs. I. Smith, as dwelling ; originated 
on 2d floor; cause, explosion of oil lamp. 

Saturday, 16th, 9 P.M. Still. 

No. 576 Washington st. Owned by A. Wentworth ; loss, $40 ; in- 
surance, $10,000; occupied by Cushing Process Company, as liquors; 
insurance, $10,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, woodwork near 
chimney. 

Saturday, 16th, 10-13 P.M. Still. 

No. 729 Washington st. Owned by Peter Parker heirs ; insurance, 
$27,250; occupied by Standard Furniture Company, as furniture 
store; insurance, $10,000; occupied by C. W. Wingate, as jewelry; 
insurance, $2,500; originated on outside of building; cause, electric- 
light wires crossed. 

Remarks. — Ladderman McDonough, of Ladder 17, slipped on icy 
pavement and injured his shoulder. 

Saturday, 16th, 10-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 26 North Anderson st. Owned by W. Shaperio ; loss, $30 ; 
insurance, $3,000; occupied by M. Murray, as dwelling; originated in 
basement ; cause, lamp setting fire to chimney. 

Sunday, 17th, 12-05 A.M. Still. 

No. 729 Washington st. Owned by Peter Parker heirs; insurance, 
$27,250; occupied by Standard Furniture Company, as furniture; in- 
surance, $10,000; occupied by C. W. Wingate, as jewelry; insurance, 
$2,500; originated on outside of building; cause, electric-light wires. 

Sunday, 17th, 2-18 A.M. Still. 
No. 5 Norman st. Owned by S. Sodekson ; oocupied by J. Jacobs, 
as club-room; originated on 1st floor; cause, breaking of lamp. 

Sunday, 1 7th, 5-50 A . M. Still . 

No. 176 Tremont st. Owned by Abbey, SchoeflVl, & Grau ; occu- 
pied by same, as Tremont Theatre ; originated on outside of building ; 
cause, short circuiting: of electric wires. 



Fire Department. 249 



Sunday, 17th, 5-38 P.M. Still. 

No. 7 Samoset pl. Owned by J. McBride ; loss, $10; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by M. Clark, as tenement; loss, $5; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, upsetting of kerosene lamp. 

Monday, 18th, 8-23, 8-26 A.M. Box 35. 

No. 14 Boswokth ST. Owned by G. D. Sargent; loss, $155; in- 
surance. $12,000; occupied by Boston Press Club, as club-room; loss, 
$311; insurance, $3,000; originated on 4th floor; cause, supposed 
electric wire. 

Remarks. — Policeman Morrissey, Station 2, pulled the second time, 
because apparatus did not respond as quick as he thought they should, 
causing second alarm to be given. 

Monday, 18th, 12-02 P.M. Box 428. 

Chelsea drawbridge. Owned by City of Boston ; occupied by 
same, as drawbridge ; originated on bridge ; cause, burning of electric 
wires of Lynn & Boston R.R. 

Monday, 18th, 2-35 P.M. Still. 

Cok. Tremont and Mason sts. Owned by West End R.R. Com- 
pany ; occupied by same, as car ; originated in car ; cause, burning out 
of rheostat. 

Tuesday, 19th, 6-36 A.M. Box 981. 

Ericson st. Owned by Putnam Nail Company ; loss, $237 ; in- 
surance, $100,000; blanket policy; occupied by same, as storage of 
naphtha; loss, $3,123; insurance, $300.000 ; blanket policy ; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, leak in pipe connection. 

Tuesday, 19(h, 12-27 P.M. Box 37. 

Nos. 80 and 82 So. Market st. Owned by Wm. P. Kuhn ; loss, 
$2,131; insurance, $8,000; occupied by R. T. & M. K. Green, as eggs, 
butter, etc. ; loss, $20,410 ; insurance, $42,000 ; occupied by Eldridge, 
Baker, & Bair, as groceries ; loss, $615 ; insurance, $50,000 ; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, probably, electric-light wires. 

Tuesday, 19th, 12-27 P.M. Box 35. 

No. 29£ Tremont st. Owned by Corey heirs ; occupied by Page & 
Waining, as dentists ; originated on 2d floor ; cause, breaking of oil 
lamp. 

Tuesday, 19th, 3-20 P.M. Still. 

Reed st. Owned by Hiram Johnson; occupied by A. W. Davis, as 
blacksmith; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 19th, 4-56 P.M. Automatic. 
Nos. 82 and 84 Canal st. Cause unknown ; false alarm. 

Tuesday, 19th, 6-17 P.M. Box 54. 

No. 19 Harrison ave. Owned by John H. Pray & Sons Co. ; loss, 
$389 ; insiu*ance, $20,000 ; occupied by Basch & Goldstein, as hats 
and caps; loss, $1,617; insurance, $2,000; originated on 3d floor; 
cause unknown. 



250 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 20th, 5-06 A.M. Box 28. 

New England House, Blackstone st. Owned by David Williams 
estate; insurance, $25,000; occupied by C. H. Parker & Co., as hotel; 
insurance, $10,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Wednesday, 20th, 6-07 A.M. Still. 
No. 1246 Washington st. Cause, supposed fire ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 20th, 6-13 P.M. Still. 

No. 62 Boylston ST. Owned by Chas. F. Adams estate; loss, $12; 
insurance, $50,000 ; occupied by Boylston Art Studio, as studio ; loss, 
$75 ; insurance, $2,500 ; originated on 5th floor ; cause, overheated 
furnace. 

Wednesday, 20th, 8-52 P.M. Box 513. 

No. 156 Lamartine st. Owned by J. W. Proctor; insurance, $15,- 
000; occupied by several parties, as dwelling; originated in basement; 
cause, hot ashes in wooden barrel. 

Thursday, 21st, 2-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 34 Staniford st. Owned by Mrs. Crosby; loss, $195; in- 
surance, $5,000; occupied by Mary Whipple, as dwelling; loss, $275; 
insurance, $1,500; originated en 2d floor; cause, supposed smoking in 
bed. 

Thursday, 21st, 8-54 A.M. Still. 

No. 36 White ST. Owned by Wm. Fletcher; loss, $20; insurance, 
$1,200; occupied by Wm. A. Kose el als., as tenements ; insurance, 
$ 1,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, overheated stove-pipe. 

Thursday, 21st, 1-12 P.M. Box 618. 

No. 140 Marginal st. Owned by Quinn & Fitzpatrick ; insurance, 
$2,000 ; occupied by Timothy Fanny, as tenement ; originated on 3d 
floor; cause, children and matches. 

Thursday, 21st, 6-02 P.M. Box 35. 

No. 5 Tkemont st. Owned by Chadwick heirs; occupied by same 
et als., as offices ; originated in chimney; cause, burning out. 

Thursday, 21st, 7-23 P.M. Box 73. 

No. 1 Union park. Owned by A. D. Whilmore ; insurance, $10,000; 
occupied by H. M. Pitt et als., as dwelling; loss, $75; originated on 
1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 21st, 8-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 1114 Washington st. Owned by Curtis estate ; loss, $24; in- 
surance, $1,700; occupied by E. J-. Mansfield, as plumber; loss, $15; 
insurance. $150; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 21st, 9-12 P.M. Box 214. 

No. 2081 Washington st. Owned by R. Howard; loss, $342; in- 
surance, $12,000; occupied by A. Simonds, as gent's furnishing goods ; 
loss, $900; insurance, $J,500; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 251 



Thursday, 21st, 11-22 P.M. Box 641. 
Nos. 348 and 350 Meridian st. Owned by Masonic Building Asso- 
ciation ; loss, $983; insurance, $50,000: occupied by Masonic Lodge, 
as lodge-room ; loss, $350 ; insurance, $7,000 ; occupied by Smith 
Bros., as grocers; loss, $304; insurance, $1,500; originated in base- 
ment ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 2 2d, 5-08, 5-16, 5-19, 5-37 P.M. Box 8. 

Nos. 82-98 Canal, 173-177 Friend st. Owned by Wakefield heirs ; 
C. U. Cotting, agent; loss, $39,647; insurance, $89,000; occupied by 
Standard Wire Mattress Company, as factory; loss, $1,298; insurance, 
$1,500 ; occupied by Boston Chair Company, as salesroom ; loss, $12,700 ; 
insurance, $12,700; occupied by Dutton & Thompson, as storage; loss, 
$294; insurance, $850; occupied by X. E. Spring Bed Company, as 
facfcny; loss, $329; insurance, $400; occupied by Geo. W. Bent, as 
mattresses, etc.; loss, $7,887; insurance, $9,000; occupied by J. M. 
Wood, as lumber; loss, $484; insurance, $625; occupied by W. W. 
Cain & Co., as desks; loss, $200; occupied by Levi Boles & Co., as 
sashes, doors, etc. ; loss, $8,872 ; insurance, $15,500 ; originated on 4th 
floor; cause unknown. 

Bemarks. — A man named Sheehan lost his life, being found by fire- 
man burned to death. 

Friday, 2 2d, 6-10 P.M. Still. 
No. 1131 Tremont st. Owned by Hook estate; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by M. Crahan, as machinist ; loss, $25 ; insiminee, $ 1 ,000 ; orig- 
inated in basement ; cause, spontaneous combustion of oily waste. 

Friday, 2 2d, 6-59 P M. Still. 
City SQ. Owned by W. E. R.R. Co. ; occupied by same, as electric 
car; loss, $15; originated in car; cause, defective motor. 

Friday, 2 2d, 8-06 P.M. Box 5. 
No. 12 Lowell st. Owned by K. Welensky : loss, $70 ; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $75; originated on 1st 
floor ; cause, supposed, from overheated stove. 

Saturday, 23d, 12-21 A.M. Box 429. 
Chelsea bridge. Owned by B. & M. R.R. Co.; loss, $400; 
insurance, $4.000 ; occupied by same, as freight-office ; loss, $30 ; orig- 
inated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 23d, 6-27 A.M. Watkins Automatic. 
No. 297 Congress st. Owned by Dana Estes ; insurance. $35,000; 
occupied by various parties, as machinists, etc. ; originated on 4th floor ; 
cause, overheated thermostat. 

Saturday, 23d, 6-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 395 A W. Broadway. Owned by Geo. H. Bond; occupied by 
John Fields, as dwelling, loss, $50 ; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
explosion of a kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Mattie .J. Fields severely burned ; removed to hos- 
pital. John Fields slightly burned on hands and lace. 

Saturday, 23d, 4-39 P.M. Box 51. 
Lot rear No. Ill Purchase st. Originated on vacant lot ; cause, 
tar in kettle igniting; needless alarm. 



252 • City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 23d, 8-42 P.M. Box 66. 

No. G8 Albion st. Owned by Harris Pearl stein ; loss, $3; insur- 
ance, $3,000; occupied by S. Schochen, as grocery; insurance, $500; 
occupied by David Barney, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
man throwing lamp at another man. 

Remarks. — A colored man named David Quash badly burnt by being 
struck by lamp on the head. Died afterwards in hospital from the 
effects. 

Sunday, 24th, 12-32 A.M. Box 214. 

Nos. 1808 and 1810 Washington st. 1808 and 10, owned bv 
Mrs. Mary Woodbury; loss, $620; insurance, $1,500; 1814, owned 
by Thomas Kingsbury; loss, $68; insurance, $2,500; 1808 and 10, 
occupied by Susan Broderick, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 1st 
floor ; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 24th, 12-51 A.M. Box 146. 

No. 2 Cordage coukt. Owned by Boston Cordage Companj r ; 
occupied by Michael Coleman, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, breaking of kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 24ih, 6-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 11 Lawkence st. Owned by Mrs. S. A. Downer; loss, $40; 
insurance. $8,000 ; occupied by G. 1. Kobbins, as boarding-house ; loss, 
$15; insurance, $2,500; originated on 1st floor; cause, defective flue. 

Sunday, 24th, 12-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 197 SuMNEit ST. Owned by Lombard Mfg. Company; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied byE.B. Express Company, as office; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, smoky stove-pipe ; needless alarm. 

Sunday, 24th, 1-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 27 East st. Owned by C. G. Way; insurance, $15,000; occu- 
pied by L. W. Ferdinand, as hardware ; insurance, $8,000; occupied by 
Aarious parties, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, igniting of 
fat in oven. 

Sunday, 24th, 2-33 P.M. Box 219. 

No. 127 Longwood AVE. Owned by Barnard Riley; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss. $15; insurance, $500; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, breaking of kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 24th, 4-50 P M. Still. 

No. 109o Washington st. Owned by Polly Stevens heirs ; 
insurance, $10,000; occupied by S. B. Billings, as provisions; in- 
surance, $1,800; originated on outside of building; cause, electric 
wire. 

Sunday, 24th, 5-54 P.M. Box 217. 

Rogers court. Owned by H. E. Rogers ; unoccupied, as storage ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, set by boys in an old lounge. 

Sunday, 24th, 6-04 P.M. Box 642. 

No. 258 Paris ST. Owned by Alerrerlane Safirano ; loss, $43 ; insur- 
ance, $800 ; occupied by same, as dwelling ; originated on 1st floor ; 
cause, candle setting fire to drapery. 



Fire Department. 253 



Monday, 25th, 2-49 A.M. Box 917. 

Rear No. 7a Freeport st. Owned by John Donohoe ; loss, $75 ; oc- 
cupied by John Dugan, as wood-shed; loss, $5; originated in wood- 
shed ; cause unknown. 

Monday, 25th, 6-54 A.M. Box 545. 

No. 793 Centre st. Owned by W. A. Nolte ; loss, $50 ; insurance, 
$3,500; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $90; insurance, $1,000 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, overheated dry-room. 

Monday, 25th, 6-40 P.M. Box 5. 

No. 18 Lowell st. Owned by L. Appleton ; loss, $40 ; insurance, 
$5,00<>; occupied by Jacob White, as crockery ; insurance, $500; orig- 
inated on 1st floor; cause, breaking of oil lamp. 

, Monday, 25th, 7-46 P.M. Box 461. 

No. 3 Sherman st. Owned by Osgood & Hart; loss, $20; insur- 
ance, $4,000 ; occupied by same, as iron foundry ; insurance, $6,000 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, sparks from furnace. 

Monday, 25th, 11-55 P M. Box 288. 

No. 321 A Centre st. Owned by Workingmen's Institute; loss, 
$20; insurance, $1,500; occupied by (J. C. Trinite, as dwelling; loss, 
$16; originated on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 26th, 12-02 A.M. Still. 

No. 272 Centre st. Owned by Frank W. Wise ; loss, $75 ; insur- 
ance, $3,500; occupied by Martha Keyes, as dwelling; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 26th, 9-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 16 Rochester st. Owned by Aron Actelman ; insurance, 
$3,500 ; occupied by Abraham Cohen, as dwelling ; loss, $3 ; originated 
on 2d floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Tuesday, 26th, 9-50 A.M. Still. 

Warren bridge. Originated on bridge ; cause, W. E. trolley 
wire dropped on a team. 

Wednesday, 27th. Still. 

No. 137 Highland st. Owned by Ed. Harrington ; loss, $90 ; insur- 
ance, $4,000; occupied by C. Clarkson, as dwelling; originated on 1st 
floor ; cause, defective furnace-pipe. 

Wednesday, 27th, 12-05 A.M. Still. 

No. 350 Tremont st. Owned by Harriet Ryder; loss, $12; insur- 
ance, $3,500 ; occupied by f)r. Follouch, as lodging-house; loss, $10; 
insurance, $1,500; originated on 3d floor; cause, gas jet igniting lace 
curtains. 

Wednesday, 27th, 3-35 P.M. U.S. Automatic. 

No. 26 Summer and 92 Hawley sts. Owned by Mason estate ; oc- 
cupied by G. R. Fiske & Co., as millinery; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, cutting automatic wire by accident. 



254 City Document No. 12. 



Wednesday, 27th, 4-56 P.M. Box 814. 

Off Brighton ave. Owned by Arthur Timmins ; insurance, $5^000 ; 
occupied by same, as stable ; insurance, $5,000 ; originated on outside 
of building; cause, Brookline Electric Light wire. 

Wednesday, 27th, 5-26 P.M. Still. 

No. 289 Main st. Owned by Geo. H. Denver; loss, $25; insui'ance, 
$3,000 ; occupied by Annie Porchela, as fruit store ; loss, $25 ; originated 
on 1st floor; cause, explosion of gasoline lamp. 

Remarks. — Joseph Porchela burned on hands while throwing lamp 
into the street. 

Wednesday, 27th, 6-07 P.M. Box 19. 

No. 5 Merrimac st. Owned by Lyman heirs ; loss, $100 ; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by Cohen Bros., as tailor shop; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied by James Rothwell & Co., as tailor shop; loss, $150; insur- 
ance, $25,01)0 ; occupied by Levensberg & Rosnosky, as tailor shop ; 
loss, $303; insurance, $3,000; originated on 5th floor; cause, supposed 
incendiary. 

Wednesday, 27th, 6-39 P.M. - Still. 

No. 69 Bowers st. Owned by Geo. R. Flynn ; loss, $25 ; insui-ance, 
$2,000; occupied by Wm. Buchanan, as dwelling; loss, $10; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Thursday, 28th, 9-53 A.M. Box 252. 

No. 2757 Washington st. Owned by R. & C. Rebethge ; loss, $47 ; 
insurance, $4,500 ; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, $56; insur- 
ance, $800; originated on 1st floor; cause, explosion of kerosene-oil 
stove. 

Thursday, 28th, 2-59 P.M. Box 816. 

B. & A. R.R. yard, Allston. Owned by B. & A. R.R. Company ; 
occupied by same, as freight car; insurance, $100; originated in loose 
hay ; cause, sparks from locomotive. 

Thursday, 28th, 9-45 P.M. Box 136. 

East First st., between K and L. Owned by M. J. McSolla; loss, 
$293; insui*ance, $1,000;. occupied by same, as stable; loss, $50; origi- 
nated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — Lieut. E. H. Whitney, of Ladder 5, injured shoulder, 
falling through scuttle. Ladderman Michael Norton, Ladder 5, received 
cut on knee, falling down. 

Friday, 29th, 10-12 A.M. Still. 

No. 71 W. Lenox st. Cause, smoke mistaken for fire; needless 
alarm. 

Friday, 29th, 12-35 A.M. Box 43. 

No. 24 Bedford st. Owned by Robert Codman ; loss, $396; insur- 
ance, $13,000; occupied by Mazur & Silbert, as ladies 1 garments; loss, 
$2,425; insurance, $7,000; originated on 4th floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 29th, 12-25 P.M. Still. 

Cor. Dudley st. and Blue Hill ave. Owned by W. E. R.R. Com- 
pany ; occupied by same, as electric car ; loss, $5 ; originated under car ; 
cause, defective motor. 



Fire Department. 255 



Friday, 29th, 3-08 P.M. Box 74. 

No. 1 James st. Owned by W. Warren, trustee ; loss, $220 ; insur- 
ance, $10,000; occupied by Fred Haskell, as lodging-house; loss, 
insurance, $3,000 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause" unknown. 



Friday, 29th, 9-50 P.M. Box 62. 

No. 230£ Tremont st. Originated on 2d floor; cause, burning 
phosphorus ; needless alarm. 

Saturday, 30th, 1-17 A.M., 1-32 A M. Box 45. 

No. 86-92 Federal st. Owned by Jonas Fitch estate; loss, $2,249; 
insurance, $32,000; occupied by Hill & Hill, as harnesses; loss, $409; 
insurance, $26,000; occupied by Batchelder & Lincoln, as boots and 
shoes; insurance, $20,500; occupied by J. A. Hearn & Co., as binders; 
loss, $9,358; insurance, $25,500; occupied by Carter, Rice, & Co., as- 
stock in J. A. Hearn's, in construction; loss, $229; insurance, $1,000; 
occupied by Wright & Potter, as stock in J. A. Hearn's, in construction ; 
loss, $600 ; occupied by De Wolfe, Fiske, & Co., as stock in J. A. Hearn's, 
in construction; loss, $3,248; insui'ance, $3,500; occupied by D. C. 
Heath & Co., as stock, in J. A. Hearn's, in construction ; loss, $450 ; oc- 
cupied by F. Triflit, as stock in J. A. Hearn's, in construction ; loss, $123 ; 
occupied by A. Storrs Bement Co., as stock in J. A. Hearn's, in con- 
struction; loss, $15; occupied by Boston Printing Company, as stock in 
J. A. Hearn's, in construction; loss, $10; occupied by Jones Manufac- 
turing Company, of New York, as stock in J. A. Hearn's, in construction ; 
loss, $805; insurance, $1,500; occupied by Bates, Kimball, & Guild, as 
stock in J. A. Hearn's, in construction; insurance, $1,000; occupied by 
Rand Avery Supply Company, originated on 5th floor ; cause 
unknown. 

Saturday, 30th, 8-30 A.M. Still. 

Mason st. Originated in ash-can in the street; cause, a match 
thrown in the ash-can with rubbish. 



Saturday, 30th, 11 A.M. Still. 

No. 13 Blossom st. Owned by Mrs. Allen, H. L. Marcy, agent; 
occupied by J. Rothschild, as fruit and candy; loss, $12; insurance, 
$200 ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, supposed incendiary. 

Saturday, 30th, 3-07 P.M. Watkins Automatic. 

Nos. 151 and 153 Milk st. Originated on 4th floor ; cause unknown ; 
needless alarm ; person pulling switch of automatic alarm. 

Saturday, 30th, 4-23 P.M. Box 412. 

No. 91 Causeway st. Owned by H. H. Hunnewell estate ; loss, $71 ; 
insurance, $46,000; occupied by W. A. Holmes, as grocery; loss, $100; 
insurance, $11,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, lighting gas in win- 
dow, setting fire to draperies. 

Saturday, 30th, 5-14 P.M. Box 417. 

No. 1 Jackson ave., off Charter st. Owned by Dominico 
Agrippinco ; insurance, $3,000 ; occupied by various parties, as tene- 
ments ; originated on 3d floor; cause, light mistaken for tire. 



256 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 30th, 7-52 P.M. Box 51. 
No. 102 axd 104 High st. Owned by H. G. Weeks; loss, $1,630; 
insurance, $12,000; occupied by "Messiah Herald," as editor's office; 
loss, §13; insurance, $400; occupied by H. Leonard, as surcingles; loss, 
$3,300; insurance, $4,500; occupied by Standard Clothing Company, as 
tailor shop; loss, $275; insurance, $1,000; occupied by G. D. Hall, as 
restaurant; loss, $50; insurance, $1,000; occupied by N. Ethier, as 
barber shop ; loss, $10; insurance, $1,200; occupied by Gov't Water- 
proof Paint Co., as paints; loss, $125; insurance, $2,000; occupied by 
L. D. Shields, as printer; loss, $32; insurance, $900; originated on 3d 
floor; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 30th, 8-28 P.M. Box 41. 

Nos. 32 and 34 Hawley st. Owned by Harriet N. March; loss, 
$2,200; insurance, $25,000; occupied by Library Bureau, as paper 
stock; loss, $228; insurance, $1,000; occupied by William A. Orcutt. 
as stamp and book-lettering; loss, $900; insurance, $1,000; occupied 
by Columbian Engraving Company, as engraving; loss, $760; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by Holland & Daniels, as window shades; loss, $50; 
insurance, $3,000 ; occupied by King & Merrill, as pens, pencils, etc. ; 
loss, $908; insurance, $47,350; occupied by Daniel Pratt's Sons, as 
clocks, etc.; loss, $1,294; insurance, $27,500; occupied by J. A. 
Currier, as printei's; loss, $74; insurance, $1,110; occupied by Lochlan 
Wallace, as paper ruler; loss, $:>12; insurance, $3,000; originated on 
6th floor; cause unknown. 

Remarks. — Alarm came in while apparatus was working at fire, 102 
High street, and apparatus responded. 

Saturday, 30th, 10-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 12 Fay st. Originated in chimney; cause, burning soot; need- 
less alarm. 

Sunday, 31st, 5 A.M. Box 257. 
No. 7 Maywood st. Owned by M. M. Morris; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $500 ; occupied by same, as blacksmith ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, sparks from foi'ge. 

Sunday, 31st, 9 A.M. Still. 
No. 77 Cambridge st. Owned by J. French & Son : occupied by 
Mrs. M. A. Leavitt, as dining-room ; loss, $25 ; insurance, $1,000. 

Sunday, 31st, 4-15 P.M. Still. 
No. 336 Tremont st. Owned by C. F. Darling; insurance, $5,000; 
occupied by E. L. Brash, as lodgings; loss, $13; insurance, $1,200; 
originated on 4th floor; cause, careless smoking. 

Sunday, 31st, 6-20 P.M. Box 17. 
No. 17 Endicott st. Owned by Jacob Schuh ; loss, $15 ; insurance, 
$4,500; occupied by Hattie Sutton, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated 
on attic floor; cause, breaking of kerosene lamp. 



JANUARY, 1894. 

Monday, 1st, 4-08 A.M. Box 157. 
No. 66 F ST. Owned by Maurice English; loss, $348; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by W. J. Thorburn, as bakery; insurance, $1,500; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 



Fire Department. 257 

Monday, 1st, 10-50 A.M. Still. 

B, near Congress st. Owned by N. Y. & N. E. Railroad. Occu- 
pied by same, as coal-shed ; originated in shed ; cause, spontaneous 
combustion. 

Monday, 1st, 1-06 P.M. Box 134. 

No. 45 Baxter st. Originated on 2d floor; cause, smoke from 
wood drying in oven ; needless. 

Monday, 1st, 3-49 P.M. Box 267. 

Nos. 45 and 47 Warren st. Nos. 45 and 47, owned by Milton heirs ; 
loss, $519 ; insurance, $2,000 ; No. 47, occupied by Frank J. Shea, as 
paints, etc. ; loss, $1,358; insurance, $1,300; No. 45, occupied by Fred- 
erick Slader, as gas-fixtures ; loss, $50 ; insurance, $500 ; originated on 
1st floor, No. 47 ; cause, vapor from naphtha igniting from gas stove. 

Tuesday, 2d, 1-17, 1-25, 1-29, 1-38 A.M. Box 735. 

Rear No. 596 Washington st. Originated in basement; cause 
unknown. 

Rear No. 596 Washington st. Owned by Harriet C. Baldwin ; 
occupied by John Stetson, as theatre; loss on building, $18,000; insur- 
ance, $20,000; loss on contents, $5,000; occupied by Hanlon Bros., as 
theatrical company; loss on contents, $7,500; insurance, $7,500. 

Rear No. 596 Washington st. Owned by Silsby heirs ; occupied 
by John Stetson, as theatre entrance; loss on building, $14,160: insur- 
ance, $15,000 ; loss on contents, $16,000. 

Nos. 602-612 Rear Washington st. Owned by Harriet C. Baldwin ; 
occupied by J. Benari, as boots and shoes ; loss on contents, $150 ; insur- 
ance, $21,000; occupied by Geo. E. Wyeth, as hats and furs; loss on 
contents, $319; insurance, $3,000; occupied by O'Neil & Dowsley, as 
milliners ; loss on contents, $100 ; insurance, $3,000. 

Nos. 594-598 Washington st. Owned by Harvard College ; unoc- 
cupied; loss on building, $960; insurance, $95,000. 

Nos. 7 and 9 Hayward pl. Owned by C. R. Whittier ; occupied by 
Miller & Co., as printers ; loss on buildings, $85 ; insurance, $7,000 ; in- 
surance on contents, $1,500. 

Nos. 11 and 13 Hayward pl. Owned by Thomas Monahan ; occupied 
by G. N. Morgan, as club-rooms ; loss on building, $303 ; insurance, 
$6,000; loss on contents, $500 ; insurance, $5.000 : occupied by W. H. 
W. Teele, as brass bedsteads ; loss on contents, $2,038 ; insurance, $3,500. 

Nos. 15 and 17 Hayward pl. Owned by John Stetson; occupied by 
John Stetson, as theatre entrance ; loss on building, $5,500 ; insurance, 
$1,500; loss on contents, $1,000. 

Nos. 19 and 21 Hayward pl. Owned by John Stetson ; occupied by 
John Stetson, as storage of scenery ; loss on building, $9,000 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; loss on contents, $3,000; occupied by H. Brock, as 
dwelling ; loss on contents, $400. 

Nos. 23 and 25 Hayward pl. Owned by Freeman Wright ; occupied 
bv same, as furs, etc.; loss on building, $212; insurance, $8,000; loss 
on contents, $1,060; insurance, $37,700. 

Nos. 27 and 29 Hayward pl. Owned by John Stetson ; occupied by 
Dreyfus, as cafe ; loss on building, $25 ; loss on contents, $231 ; in- 
surance, $8,000. 

Nos. 36 and 38 Essex st. Owned by A. P. Morse ; occupied by G. A. 
Burleigh, as boots & shoes; loss on building, $1,300; insurance, 
$3,000; loss on contents, $15; insurance, $1,200. 

Nos. 40 and 42 Essex st. Owned by Harriet C Baldwin ; occupied 
by J. B. Reagan, as boots and shoes; loss on building, $51; insurance, 
$16,500; loss on contents, $100; insurance, $4,000. 



258 City Document No. 12. 



Nos. 30-34 Essex st. Owned by Harriet C. Baldwin ; occupied by J. 
Stetson, as theatre entrance ; loss on building, $266 ; insurance, $20,000 ; 
loss on contents, $1,000. 

Nos. 26 and 28 Essex st. Owned by A. T. Brown ; occupied by 
Cable Rubber Company, as salesroom; loss on building, $18; insur- 
ance, $10,000; insurance on contents, $8,000. 

Nos. 616-622 Washington st. Owned by Hunnewell estate ; occu- 
pied by R. T. Almy & Co., as clothing; loss on building, $59; insur- 
ance, $94,500 ; insurance on contents, $60,000. 

Harrison ave. Owned by John Stetson ; occupied by same, as 
theatre; loss on building, $7,000; insurance, $750; loss on contents, 
$15,000. 

Remarks. — Ladderman J. Meehan, Ladder No. 17, injured in the 
back. Hoseman J. Madison, Chemical No. 2, injured in the back and 
groin. 

Tuesday, 2d, 5 A.M. Still. 

No. 634 Washington st. Owned by C. U. Cotting, trustee; insur- 
ance, $75,000; occupied by C. H. McKenney & Co., as lamps, etc.; 
loss, $48 ; insurance, $34,000 ; originated on outside of building, on awn- 
ing ; cause, sparks from steam fire-engine. 

Tuesday, 2d, 2-03 P.M. Box 221. 

Hampshire st. Owned by Roxbury Carpet Company; insurance, 
$10,000; occupied by same, as factory; insurance, $12,000; originated 
on 3d floor; cause, hot journal. 

Tuesday, 2d, 2-25 P.M. Still. 

Nos. 41 and 43 Leverett st. Owned by Fleet heirs; loss, $173; 
insurance, $800; occupied by Cohen Bros., as cloak manufacturers; 
occupied by A. J. Sears, as dwelling; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
defective chimney. 

Tuesday, 2d, 5-52 P.M. Box 516. 

No. 3494 Washington st. Owned by James Dolan; loss, $25; 
insurance, $3,000 ; occupied by Patrick Kilsoe, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
originated on 3d floor ; cause, lighted pipe left in coat pocket. 

Wednesday, 3d, 1-31 A.M. Box 412. 

No. 27 Norman st. Owned by A. J. Hollander; loss, $300; insur- 
ance, $9,000 ; occupied by J. L. Brockway, as grocery ; loss, $893 ; 
insurance, $3,500; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 3d, 1-40 A.M. Box 137. 

Nos. 687 and 689 E. Fourth st. Owned by W.S. Blanchard; loss, 
$216 ; insurance, $4,500 ; occupied by J. F. Foster, as bakery and dwell- 
ing; loss, $10; originated in cellar; cause, probably dropping lighted 
match carelessly. 

Wednesday, 3d, 9-23 A.M. Box 493. 

Austin st. Owned by B. & M. R.R. Company; loss, $50; occupied 
by same, as coal-shed ; loss, $300; originated on roof; cause, boiling 
over of roofer's tar-kettle. 



Fire Department. 259 



Wednesday, 3d, 4-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 1308 Washington st. Owned by J. H. White, trustee ; loss, $30 ; 
insurance, $7,500; occupied by A. Moran, as lodging-house; loss, $75; 
insurance, $1,800; originated on 2d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene 
lamp. 

Wednesday, 3d, 5-34 P.M. Box 512. 

No. 20 Spring Park ave. Owned by J. C. English ; insurance, $1,000 ; 
occupied by same, as stable; insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor; 
cause, overturning of lantern. ■ • - ■' ■■■' 

Wednesday, 3d, 8-22 P.M. Box 276. 

No. 8 Guild row. Originated on roof; cause, electric wh*es burn- 
ing insulation. 

Wednesday, 3d, 8-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 83 Beach st. Owned by A. W. Russell ; insurance, $8,500 ; oc- 
cupied by W. J. Clark, as restaurant; insurance, $400; originated on 
1st floor ; cause, towels dropping on stove. 

Thursday, 4th, 3-04 A.M. Box 127. 

Rear No. 194 E st. Originated on 1st floor; cause, igniting of 
pan of fat on stove ; needless. 

Thursday, 4th, 5-35 A.M. "U. S. Automatic. Box 98-6. 5-45 A.M. 
Box 46. B. F. D. 

No. 12 Pearl st. Owned by Mass. R. E. & Trust Company; loss, 
$1,053; insurance, $52,500; occupied by Chas. F. Warner, as baking- 
powder factory ; loss, $500; occupied by Ed. S. Shaw, as office; loss, 
$50; insurance, $300; originated on 6th floor; cause, gas-stove. 

Thursday, 4th, 5-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 298 Main st. Owned by Geo. M. Starbard ; insurance, $4,000; 
occupied by Mrs. D. Mahoney, as boarding-house; originated in chim- 
ney ; cause, smoky chimney. 

Thursday, 4th, 4-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 116 Prince st. Owned by Antonio Wechrichia; insurance, $7,- 
000; occupied by same, as tenement; loss, $5; originated on 3d floor; 
cause, children and matches. 

Thursday, 4th, 5-50 P.M. Box 85. 

No. 82 Albion st. Owned by M. Moskoot; insurance, $5,000; occu- 
pied by D. Levy, as dwelling; loss, $186; insurance, $1,000; originated 
on 3d floor ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 4th, 7-45 P.M. Still. 

Cor. Washington and Castle sts. Owned by West End R.R. 
Company ; occupied by same, as car ; originated in car ; cause, over- 
heated bearing. 

Friday, 5th, 2-15 P.M. Still. 

Nos. 66 and 68 F st. Owned by Maurice English ; loss, $15 ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by W. J. Thorburn, as bakery; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, defective baker's oven. 



260 City Document No. 12. 



Friday, 5th, 5-17 P.M. Box 412. 

No. 44 Lowell st. Owned by S. Levingston; loss, $56 ; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by A. Rubenstein, as dwelling; loss, $50; originated 
on 1st floor ; cause unknown. 

Friday, 5th, 8-27 P.M. Box 412. 

No. 150 Merrimac st. Owned by John Harvey ; insurance, $4,000 ; 
occupied by Mark Janousky, as dwelling ; originated on 3d floor ; 
cause, candle igniting table-cloth. 

Friday, 5th, 10-35 P.M. Still. 
No. 30 Pitts st. Cause, burning soot in chimney ; needless alarm. 

Friday, 5th. Still. 

No. 248 Federal ST. Owned by Waldo Bros.; insurance, $1,200; 
occupied by same, as brick, sand, etc. ; loss, $13; insurance, $28,000; 
originated on 2d floor ; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 6th, 10-30 A.M. Box 47. 

Nos. 28-32 Hamilton st. Owned by Moses Kimball ; loss, $1,326 ; 
insurance, $15,000; occupied b} T Waite, Williams, & Co., as oil store; 
loss, $824 ; insurance, $9,000 ; occupied by Boston Coupling Company, as 
Fire Department supplies ; loss, $26 ; insurance, $4,000 ; occupied by 
Maryland Meter Company, as meters; insurance, $1,500; originated in 
basement; cause, sparks from boiler-room. 

Saturday, 6th, 12-50 P.M. Still. 

No. 38 Decatur st. Owned by Fannie E. Gueth; loss, $40; insur- 
ance, $1,700; occupied by Mary Doyle, as dwelling; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause, children and matches. 

Saturday, 6th, 6-21 P.M. Box 129. 

Bear No. 16 Gold st. Originated on 2d floor; cause, breaking 
of kerosene-oil stove ; needless alarm 

Saturday, 6th, 9-27 P.M. Box 52. 

Nos. 74-78 Summer st. Owned by Edward Bangs ; loss, $740 ; in- 
surance, $25,000 ; occupied by Cushing, Olmstead, & Snow, as whole- 
sale clothing; loss, $2,788; insurance, $213,000; originated on 5th 
floor ; cause unknown. 

Saturday, 6th. Box 85. 

No. 63 India pl. Owned by C. H. Cahill ; loss, $451 ; insurance, 
$7,000; occupied by Mrs. F. E. Hodgdon, as Lodging Company; loss, 
$100; originated on 3d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Sunday, 7th, 3-12 A.M. Box 74. 

No. 24 E Canton ST. Owned by R. E. Townsend, agent; loss, 
$175; insurance, $2,600 ; occupied by A. T. David, as lodging-house; 
loss, $90; originated on 3d floor ; cause, explosion of kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — A man named Edward Greydon was overcome by smoke. 

Sunday, 7th, 4-30 A.M. Still. 

No. 471 Main ST. Owned by A. E. Driscoll ; loss, $40; insurance, 
$1,000; occupied by J. Schwartz, as clothing store; insurance, $500; 
originated in basement; cause, explosion of lamp. 



Fire Department. 261 



Sunday, 7th, 6-40 A.M. Box 56. 
Nos. 188-192 Kneeland st. Owned by M. Doherty heirs ; loss, 
$60; insurance, $60,000; occupied by H. Uoherty, as liquors; insurance, 
$32,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, spontaneous combustion oily 
rags. 

Sunday, 7th, 10-18 A.M. Still. 

Rear No. 30 Dorchester ave. Owned by EL G. Jordan ; occupied 
by same, as coal-shed; originated in shed; cause, spontaneous combus- 
tion. 

Sunday, 7th, 5-01h P-M. Box 415. 

No. 88 Poplar st. Owned by D. Kerner; occupied by Mary B. 
Lovitch, as groceries; loss, $13; insurance, $250; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, lighted match carelessly thrown among paper. 

Sunday, 7th, 5-04 P.M. Still. 
No. 91 Green st. Owned by J. B. Ames; insurance, $35,000; 
occupied by W. D. Barker, as dwelling; loss, $5; originated on 3d 
floor ; cause, gas jet igniting curtain. 

Monday, 8th, 12-35 P.M. Still. 
No. 227 Dudley st. Owned by J. L. Karrick ; loss, $30 ; insurance, 
$15,000; occupied by Bennett Norwitch, as dwelling; originated on 2d 
floor; cause, careless use of matches. 

Monday, 8th, 1-14 P.M. Still 

No. 1 Hunneman ST. Owned by J. C. Smith ; occupied by same, as 
storeroom; originated in chimney; cause, soot burning. 

Monday, 8th, 1-28 P.M. Still. 
No. 5 Holbkook ave. Owned by Nathan Holbrook; insurance, 
$8,000; occupied by Henry D. Murphy, as dwelling; loss, $63; insur- 
ance, $900; originated on 2d floor; cause, children and matches. 

Monday, 8th, 7-02 P.M. Box 74. 

No. 659 Harrison ave. Owned by James Finnegan ; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by John Dunn, as dwelling; loss, $25; originated on 
2d floor ; cause, upsetting of kerosene lamp. 

Tuesday, 9th, 4-45 A.M. Still. 

No. 5 Haynes st. Owned by B. & M. R.R. ; insurance, $2,000; 
occupied by Peter Judge and others, as stables ; insurance, $1,500 ; orig-- 
inated in hay loft ; cause, incendiary. 

Tuesday, 9th, 9-08 A.M. Box 965. 

Codman St. Owned by City of Boston ; loss, $100 ; occupied by same, 
as engine-house and for stone-crusher; originated on roof; cause, over- 
heated smokestack. 

Tuesday, 9th, 11-58 A.M. Box 68. 

No. 605 Harrison ave. Owned by Wm. 0*Connell ; insurance, 
$35,000 ; occupied by Lizzie Quinn, as dwelling; loss, $5 ; originated in 
basement; cause unknown. 



262 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 9th, 6-55, 7 P.M. Box 49. 

No. 3 Winter st. Owned by Hodges heirs ; insurance, $70,000 ; 
occupied by Scott Leighton, as artist studio ; loss, $8,000 ; insurance, 
$7,OU0; occupied by J. L. Weinz, as jeweller; loss, $20; insurance, 
$800 ; originated on 5th floor ; cause unknown. 

Tuesday, 9th, 8-39 P.M. Box 827. 

No. 3 No. Beacon st. Owned by Dr. Hunt; loss, $100; insurance, 
$3,000; occupied by J. A. Ashton, as groceries; loss, $12; insurance, 
$1,000 ; originated on 1st floor; cause, defective flue. 

Wednesday, 10th, 4-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 36 Village st. Owned by Mrs. J. A. Walsh ; insurance, 
$4,000; occupied by J. H. John, as lodging-house; insurance, $800; 
originated in chimney ; cause, soot burning in chimney. 

Wednesday, 10th, 4-24 P.M. Box 67. 

■ No. 823 Washington st. Owned by David Hunt; loss, $35; insur- 
ance, $2,000; occupied by Geo. W. Vinning, as photographer; loss, 
$25 ; occupied by Miss L. J. McKinnon, as employment office ; origi- 
nated on 3d floor; cause, curtain in contact with electric carbon. 

Wednesday, 10th, 4-28 P.M. Box 86. 

No. 478 Shawmut ave. Owned by J. L. Simonds; loss, $175; in- 
surance, $4.000 ; occupied by F. Guyon, as lodging-house; loss, $15U; 
insurance, $1,500 ; originated in basement ; cause, explosion of kerosene- 
oil stove. 

Wednesday, 10th, 4-40 P.M. Still. 

No. 1786 Washington st. Originated in chimney ; cause, burning 
out ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 10th, 5-25 P.M. Box 412- 

No. 44 Lowell st. Owned by S. Livingston ; insurance, $5,000 ; 
occupied by T. Sheridan, as dwelling; insurance, $500; originated on 
2d floor ; cause, breaking of lamp. 

Wednesday, 10th, 6-30 P.M. Still 

■No. 9 Braintkee st. Owned by Samuel Hano ; insurance, $3,000 ; 
occupied by M. Fitzpatrick, as bowling-alley ; originated on 1st floor; 
cause, spontaneous combustion oily rags. 

Wednesday, 10th, 8-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 31 Green st. Owned by A. Brown heirs ; occupied by J. 
Cuneo, as barber shop; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 11th, 1-58 A.M. Still. 
Amory st. Oi-iginated in an old tree ; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 11th, 9-01 A.M. Box 463. 

'Freedom court. Owned by J. B. Lord ; occupied by J. Em- 
mons, as wagon-shed ; loss, $100; originated in a meat wagon ; cause 
unknown. 

Thursday, 11th, lV-44 A.M. Still. 

No. 84 Canal st. Cause, bales of wet husk steaming; needless 
alarm. 



Fire Department. 263 



Thursday, 11th, M. Box 18. 

No. 23-29 Brattle st. Owned by C. Crowningshield ; loss, $255 ; 
insurance, $12,500; occupied by Marston & Co., as dining-room; loss, 
$390; insurance, $25,000; originated on 1st floor; cause, kettle of fat 
taking fire. 

Thursday, 11th, 4-53 P.M. Box 65. 

Leigh-st. Freight-house, No. 6. Owned by B. & A.R.R. Company ; 
occupied by same, as freight-house ; originated on 1st floor ; cause, ig- 
niting of alcohol while thawing out meter. 

Thursday, 11th, 4-59 P.M. Box 54. 
False alarm. 

Thursday, 11th, 11-10 P.M. Still. 

Broadway, near Dorchester st. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company ; 
occupied by same, as electric car; originated on car; cause, burning out 
of fuse. 

Friday, 12th, 9-50 A.M. Box 817. 

Haskell road. Owned by Bert Fuller; loss, $170; insurance, 
$6,500; unfinished dwelling; originated in basement; cause, overheated 
furnace. 

Friday, 12th, 10-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 55 Cambridge st. Owned by J. B. Osborn; loss, none; insur- 
ance, $7,000; occupied by Mrs. W. Dimond, as dwelling; originated on 
second floor; cause, explosion of can of naphtha. 

Friday, 12th, 11-26 A.M. Box 65. 

No. 177 Albany st. Owned by E. Lissner; loss, $5; insurance, 
$4,500; occupied "by James Rose and others, as dwelling; originated in 
wood-shed ; cause, hot ashes in a wooden barrel 

Friday, 12th, 7-30 P M. Still. 

No. 1202 Washington st. Owned by J. L. Stevenson; loss, $50; 
insurance, $20,000; occupied by Caldwell & Co., as hotel; loss, none;, 
insurance, $6,000; originated on first floor; cause, defective chimney. 

Friday, 12th, 9-55 P.M. Still. 

No. 6 Percival pl. Owned by Frederick L. Crane; loss, none; 
insurance, $500 ; occupied by M. Flynn, as dwelling; originated in 
chimney; cause, burning of soot. 

Friday, 12th, 11-55 P.M. Still. 

Maverick House, Mavekick sq. Owned by Sturtevant heirs ; 
occupied by A. B. Foster, as hotel; originated in chimney; cause, 
burning soot. 

Friday, 12th. Still. 

Nos. 775 and 777 Washington st. Owned by J. M. Clark ; loss, none ; 
insurance, $6,000; occupied by H. P. Bobbins and others, as drugs, 
etc.; loss, none; insurance, $7,150; originated in chimney; cause, 
burning soot. 

Saturday, 13th, 8-50 A M. Still. 

No. 4 Gloucester st. Owned by W. P. W alley ; loss, none ; insur- 
ance, $10,000 ; occupied by same, as dwelling; loss, none; insurance, 
$8,000 ; originated in chimney ; cause, burning out. 



264 City Document No. 12. 



Saturday, 13lh, 10-19 A.M. Box 336. 

Nos. 22 and 24 Merrill st. Owned by J. M. Way estate ; loss, $1,442 ; 
insurance, $4,000 ; occupied by M. A. Hawkins, as dwelling ; loss, 
$160; insurance, $1,000; occupied by W. T. Day, as dwelling; loss, 
$200 ; insurance, none ; originated on second floor ; cause, carelessness 
in thawing water-pipe. 

Saturday, 13th, 10-23 A.M. Still. 

Norfolk st. Owned by Methodist Church Association ; loss, $73 ; 
insurance, $2,000 ; occupied by Rev. M. Perrotts, as dwelling; origi- 
nated on first floor ; cause, bursting of water-back. 

Saturday, 13th, 12-03, 12-11 P.M. Box 276. 

Guild row and Dudley st. Owned by First Universalist Church ; 
loss, $15,000; insurance, $16,000; occupied by same, as church; loss. 
$6,699; insurance, $7,500 ; originated in basement; cause, overheated 
furnace. 

Saturday, 13th, 1-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 375 Dorchester st. Owned by Adam Hagerty ; occupied by J. 
R. Gilbert, as dwelling; originated in cellar; cause, thawing water- 
pipes. 

Saturday, 13th, 5-14 P.M. Box 428. 

No. 21 Medford st. Owned by P. Maguire; loss, $226; insurance, 
$2,000; occupied by P. Callahan, as dwelling; loss, $25'; occupied by 
Thomas Kenney, as dwelling ; loss, $50 ; originated in cellar ; cause, 
thawing water-pipes. 

Saturday, 13th, 6-07 P.M. Box 465. 

No. 3 Clinton pl. Originated in chimney; cause, burning out; 
needless. 

Saturday, 13th, 11-41 P.M. Still. 

No. 447 Washington st. Owned by J. C. Coppenhagen heirs; 
insurance, $15,000; occupied by Filene, as ladies' garments; insurance, 
$15,000; originated in chimney; cause, building fire under boiler; 
needless. 

Saturday, 13lh, 11-56 P.M. Box 366. 

Milton, Mass. Cause, fire in Milton, Mass.; service not needed; 
needless. 

Sunday, 14th, 1-25 A.M. Still. 

No. 129 Meridian st. Owned by Samuel Heffses; insurance, 
$6,600; occupied by L. J. Lyons, as clothing; insurance, $9,000; 
originated on first floor; cause, lighted match or cigar thrown into 
wooden box. 

Sunday, 14th, 4-16 A.M. Box 991. 

No. 3 Ballou PL. Mrs. S. Azaride; loss, $250; insm-ance, $3,750; 
occupied by same, as dwelling ; insurance, $700 ; originated in cellar ; 
cause, supposed incendiary. 

Sunday, 14th, 11 A.M. Still. 

No. 8 Commonwealth ave. Originated in chimney; cause, burn- 
ing out ; needless. 



Fire Department. 265 



Sunday, 14th, 12-15 P.M. Still. 

No. 144 Dorchester ave. Owned by William Peard; occupied by 
T. E. Johnson, as dwelling; originated in chimney; cause, smoky; 
needless. 

Sunday, 14th, 1-30 P.M. Still. 

No. 91 Hudson st. Owned by C. M. Rogers; loss, $10; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by Thomas J. Cavanaugh, as dwelling ; originated on 
first floor ; cause, thawing out water-pipe. 

Sunday, 14th, 3-01 P.M. Box 822. 

No. Harvard st. Owned by Bishop & Cummings ; loss, $25 ; 
occupied by same, as contractors ; originated on roof ; cause, sparks 
from chimney. 

Sunday, 14th, 6-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 1521 Washington st. Owned by W. T. Hart; loss, $25; insur- 
ance, $70,000 ; occupied by Geo. H. Gardiner et als., as hotel; insur- 
ance, $9*000 ; originated on third floor ; cause, hot ashes in wooden box. 

Sunday, 14th, 6-25. P.M. Box 21. 
No. 114 Sudbury st. Cause, smoky chimney; needless. 

Monday, 15th, 3-07 P.M. Box 425. 

No. 28 Cottage st. Owned by Thomas Welch ; loss, $30 ; insur- 
ance, $1,500; occupied by P. O'Connor and others, as dwelling; loss, 
$10; originated on third floor; cause, pipe left in overcoat pocket. 

Monday, 15th, 7-51 P.M. Box 28. 

No. 39 Merchants row. Owned by B. G. Boardman estate ; loss, 
$100; insurance, $10,000; occupied by John Munroe, as rattan-worker; 
loss, $213 ; insurance, $725 ; originated on fifth floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 15th, 8-35 P.M. Box 726. 
No. 394 Federal st. False alarm. 

Monday, 15th, 9-41 P.M. Box 219. 

Off Huntington ave., near Ward st. Owned by A. Foleom 
estate; loss, $15; unoccupied, as storage building; originated on first 
floor ; cause, incendiary. 

Monday, 15th, 10-19 P.M. Still. 

Nos. 21 and 23 W. First ST. Owned by Patrick Lally; insurance, 
$20,000 ; occupied by same, as blacksmith ; originated on first floor ; 
cause, bursting of steam-pipe ; needless. 

Tuesday, 16th, 9 A.M. Still. 

No. 20 Florence st. Owned by J. M. Wade ; insurance, $4.000 ; 
occupied by J. Welch, as coal and wood; originated in yard; cause, 
destroying an old mattress by Are. 

Tuesday, 16th, 12-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 10 S. Eden st. Owned by A. H. Allen estate ; insurance, 
$700 ; occupied by Richard White, as dwelling ; originated on 2d floor ; 
cause, smoking stove ; needless alarm. 



266 City Document No. 12. 



Tuesday, 16th, 5-59 P.M. Still. 

No. 3 Beach-st. pl. Originated in chimney ; cause, sparks coming 
from chimney; needless. 

Wednesday, 17th, 5-41 A.M. Box 23. 

No. 8 and 9 Bowdoin SQ. Owned by C. Shimmans heirs; loss, 
$8S9 ; insurance, $15,000; occupied by G. K. Saville, as hotel; loss, 
$440; insurance, $10,000; originated on 2d floor; cause, careless use of 
matches. 

Wednesday, 17th, M. Still. 

No. 10 Asylum st. Owned by Sarah Irwin; loss, $45; insurance, 
$5,000; occupied by same, as lodging-house; loss, $30; originated on 
1st floor; cause, children and matches. 

' Wednesday, 17th, 6-58 P.M. Still. 

Trvington st. Owned by J. R. Coolirlge ; insurance, $70,000 ; 
occupied by Church Organ Company, as factory ; loss, $2U ; insurance, 
$151,000; originated in basement; cause, back draft from furnace. 

Thursday, 18th, 6-05 P.M. Still. 

Opposite No. 7 Monmouth st. Originated in street; cause, set by 
boys ; bonfire. 

Thursday, 18th, 8-25 P.M. Still. 

Nos. 44-48 Portland st. Owned by A. D. Puffer & Son; oc- 
cupied by same, as soda fountains; originated on 3d floor; cause, hot 
ashes in wood-box. 

Friday, 19th, 6-15 A.M. Box 645. 

No. 412 Border st. Originated on 1st floor; cause, burning barrel 
on floor to give light; needless alarm. 

Friday, 19th, 4-10 P.M. Still. 

No. 296 Beacon st. Owned by O. VV. Holmes; insurance, $15,000; 
occupied by same, as dwelling; insurance, $8,500; originated in chim- 
ney; cause, burning out. 

Friday, 19th, 6-25 P.M. Box 68. 

No. 119 Malden st. Owned by J. J. McNult; loss, $261; in- 
surance, $2,800; occupied by same, as stable; originated on 2d floor; 
cause unknown 

Remarks. — No division of losses. 

Saturday, 20th, 10-46 A.M. Box 156. 

No. 771 E. Fourth st. Owned by A. C. Page; loss, $510; in- 
surance, $3,000 ; occupied by Thomas Burns, as dwelling; loss, $50 ; 
insui'ance, $500; originated on 3d floor; cause, explosion of kerosene- 
oil stove. 

Sunday, 21st, 12-44 A.M. Box 36. 

No. 244 Exchange st. Owned by Mrs. Sarah Garrett; loss, $285; 
insurance, $5,000 ; occupied by W. W. Ginns, as boots and shoes ; in- 
sui'ance, $1,600; originated on 3d floor; cause, unknown; supposed 
incendiary. 



Fire Department. 267 



Sunday, 21st, 8-16 A.M. Box 93. 
No. 25 Dartmouth st. Owned by R. Morrison ; insurance, $9,000; 
occupied by A. Martin, as dwelling; loss, $50; insurance, $1,200; 
originated on 3d floor; cause, upsetting of kerosene-oil stove. 

Sunday, 21st, 9-10 A.M. Still. 
Parkway on Pond st. Owned by City of Boston ; originated in 
rubbish ; cause, carelessness. 

Sunday, 21st, 2-26 P.M. Box 42. 
Hamilton pl. Owned by Music Hall Association; loss, $1,375; in- 
surance, $100,000; occupied by Music Hall Corporation, as hall; origi- 
nated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 

Sunday, 21st, 4-36 P.M. Box 93. 
No. 155 W. Canton st. Owned by H. G. Emery; loss, $24; in- 
surance, $6,000; occupied by S. M. Walsh, as dwelling; loss, $10; 
insurance, $1,200; originated on 3d floor; cause, curtain igniting from 
gas jet. 

Sunday, 21st, 6-25 P.M. Still. 
No. 1074 Washington st. Cause, tramp rang door bell and told 
occupants the house was on fire ; false. 

Sunday, 21st, 9-09 P.M. Box 46. 
Nos. 17 and 19 Peakl st. Owned by Massachusetts Peal Estate 
Company; loss, $7,209; insurance, $55,000; occupied by W. Tracey 
Eustis, as office; loss, $39; insurance, $250; occupied by W. H. Whit- 
more, as office ; loss, $631 ; insurance, $3,769 ; occupied by James W. 
Eustis, as hardware specialties ; loss, $253 ; insurance, $2,000 ; occupied 
by Gamewell Auxiliary Fire Alarm, as office; loss, $120; insurance, 
$500 ; originated on 1st floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Sunday, 21st, 9-55 P.M. Still. 
No. 18 Bedford st. Cause, smoking chimney; needless alarm. 

Monday, 22d, 10-45 A.M. Box 965. 
Codman st. Owned by City of Boston; loss, $10; occupied by 
same, as engine-room ; originated on roof ; cause, overheated smoke- 
stack. 

Monday, 2 2d, 5-54 P.M. Still 

Cor. Vernon and Simmons sts. Originated on open lot; cause, 
set by boys; bonfire. 

Monday, 22d, 8-20 P.M. Still. 
No. 14 School st. Originated in cellar; cause, smoke from 
furnace; needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 23d, 1-40 A.M. Still. 

No. 130 Eliot ST. Owned by Hollingsworth estate; insurance, 
$20,000; occupied by L. Kennedy, as liquors; insurance, $5,000; origi- 
nated on 1st floor; cause, careless use of matches. 



268 City Document No. 12. 

Tuesday, 23d, 6-18 P.M. Box 525. 
Pond, near Orchard st. False alarm. 

Wednesday, 24th, 8 A.M. Still. 

Burnham's wharf, Swett ST. Owned by Burnham & Co. ; oc- 
cupied by same, as coal-wharf; insurance, $28,000; originated on coal- 
pile ; cause, spontaneous combustion. 

Wednesday, 24th, 11-15 A.M. Still. 

No. 5 Ferdinand st. Originated in chimney ; cause, soot burning ; 
needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 24th, 6-18 P.M. Box 146. 

No. 672 E. Sixth st. Owned by Niles Bros ; insurance, $8,000; 
occupied by T. H. Sullivan, as dwelling; loss, $300; originated on 1st 
floor; cause, upsetting a piano lamp. 

Wednesday, 24th, 8-18 P.M. Box 484. 

No. 5 Union court. Owned by Mrs. T. Riley ; loss, $8 ; insurance, 
$2,500; occupied by John Harris, as dwelling; loss, $10; originated on 
3d floor; cause, child knocking over lamp. 

Remarks. — A child of John Harris slightly burned on the head. 

Wednesday, 24th, 10-45 P.M. 

Brockton, Mass. 

Remarks. — Engine No. 15 sent to Brockton, Mass., by order of Chief 
Webber, in answer to call for assistance. Company gone 8 hours, 
working about 2£ hours at fire. 

Thursday, 25th, 12-40 A.M. Still. 
No. 200 Dartmouth st. Cause, smoky furnace ; needless alarm. 

Thursday, 25th, 9-30 A.M. Still. 

Rear No. 83 Silver st. Owned by Frank T. McKenna; occupied 
by same, as storehouse for old iron; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
spontaneous combustion oily iron chips. 

Thursday, 25th, 10-58 A.M. Still. 

No. 15 Knox st. Owned by S. W. Winslow; loss, $35; insurance, 
$3,500 ; occupied by Daniel Sheehan and others, as dwelling ; origi- 
nated on 2d floor ; cause, boiling over of pot of fat. 

Thursday, 25th, 11-34 A.M. Box 73. 

No. 3U Shawmut ave. Owned by J. P. Hawes; loss, $50; insur- 
ance, $10,000; occupied l»y Hannah Basson, as dwelling; loss, $35; in- 
surance, $1,500; originated in cellar; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 25ih, 5-33 P.M. Still. 

Cor. Rked and Thorndike sts. Owned by T. L. Connelly; un- 
finished dwelling; cause, steam mistaken for fire ; needless alarm. 



Fire Department. 269 



Thursday, 25th, 8-45 P.M. Still. 

No. 2 Notes pl. Owned by Mrs. Ellen Woods ; occupied by same, 
as dwelling ; originated on cellar stairs ; cause, falling and breaking 
of kerosene lamp. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Ellen Woods fell coming up cellar stairs with 
lighted lamp and was slightly burned. 

Thursday, 25th, 9-10 P.M. Box 414. 

No. 122£ Levekett st. Owned by Berkman Bros. ; loss, $75 ; in- 
surance, $7,500; occupied by same, as clothing; loss, $2,900; insur- 
ance, $9,000; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 

Thursday, 25th, 11-54 P.M. Still. 

No. 54 S. Margin st. Owned by Mary A. Daniels; insurance, 
$4,000 ; occupied by David Siske, as dwelling ; originated on 4th 
floor ; cause, smoking in bed. 

Friday, 26th, 2-47 A.M. Box 61. 

No. 8 Osborne pl. Owned by Horace Kelley ; loss, $4 ; insurance, 
$1,200; occupied by Michael J. Maloney, as dwelling; loss, $25; orig- 
inated on 2d floor; cause unknown. 

Friday, 26th, 12-57 P.M. Box 85. 

No. 84 Albion st. Owned by M. G. Gordon; insurance, $6,000; 
occupied by Philip Markel, as tenement; originated on 1st floor; cause, 
lighting a tire with kerosene. 

Remarks. — Philip Markel burned on both hands; Mrs. Philip Markel 
burned on left wrist ; Miss Mary Markel burned on both arms ; Bernard 
Markel burned on both hands. 

Friday, 26th, 1-07 P.M. Still. 

No. 4 Crescent pl. Owned by Hyman Cohen ; loss, $15 ; insur- 
ance, $6,500; occupied by Louis Levenson, as dwelling; originated on 
2d floor ; cause, careless use of matches. 

Friday, 26th, 2-30 P.M. Box 213. 
Cause, broken hydrant ; needless alarm. 

Saturday, 27th, 3-18 A.M. Box 431. 

No. 22 N. Mead st. Owned by A. H. Allen estate; loss, $76; 
insurance, $2,000 ; occupied by C. Donovan, as dwelling ; loss, $25 ; 
originated on 1st floor; cause, rats and matches. 

Saturday, 27th, 10-20 A.M. Still. 
Simmons st. Cause, accidental while repairing wire ; false alarm. 

Saturday, 27th, 2-05 P.M. Still. 

No. 150 Warren ave. Originated in basement; cause, gas explo- 
sion; needless alarm. 

Saturday, 27th, 7-07 P.M. Box 414. 

No. 12 Ashland st. Owned by Betsey Levinstin ; loss. $298; in- 
surance, $7,000; occupied by Louis Levinstin, as dwelling; loss, $300; 
insurance, $1,000; originated on 2d floor front; cause unknown. 



270 City Document No. 12. 

Sunday, 28th, 8-20 A.M. Still. 
No. 81 Dover st. Owned by J. M. Rothenburg ; no claim; occu- 
pied by Welsh & Henderson, as liquors; no claim; originated in base- 
ment; cause, hot ashes placed in wooden barrel. 

Sunday, 28th, 2-39 P.M. Box 451. 
No. 2 Crimmins pl. Originated on 1st floor; cause, fat boiling over 
on stove ; needless alarm. 

Sunday, 28th, 7-05 P.M. Still. 
No. 869 E. Fourth st. Owned by Martin Peterson ; loss, $36 ; insur- 
ance, $5,500; occupied by B. F. Wheeler, as dwelling; loss, $40; 
originated on 3d floor; cause unknown. 

Monday, 29lh, 12-42 P.M. Box 96. 

No. 20 Cazenove st. Owned by L. H. Browne; loss, $1,698; in- 
surance, $15,000 ; occupied by H. E. Silver et al., as dwelling; loss, 
$161; insurance, $1,500; originated in basement; cause, incendiary. 

Monday, 29th, 2-50 P.M. Still. 
Federal st. Owned by W. E. R.R. Company; occupied by same, 
as electric car; originated under car; cause, burning out of fuse. 

Monday, 29th, 8 P.M. Still. 
Mill st. Cause, hot ashes thrown against building ; needless alarm. 

Tuesday, 30th, 6-50 A.M. Still. 

Second st., near M st. Owned by C. H. Adams : unfinished dwell- 
ing ; originated in cellar ; cause, slacking lime near loose shavings. 

Tuesday, 30th, 5-05 P.M. Still. 
No. 607 Tremont st. Cause, supposed fire ; needless alarm. 

Wednesday, 31st, 4 A.M. Automatic. 
Hoosac Tunnel Dock. Cause unknown ; false alarm. 

Wednesday, 31st, 4-17 A.M. Box 412. 
No. 38 Wall st. Owned by M. Swartz ; loss, $250; insurance, 
$3,500; occupied by M. Abramovich, as dwelling; originated on 2d 
floor; cause unknown. 

Wednesday, 31st, 4-31 P.M. Box 212. 
No. 17 Chad-wick st. Owned by John Quirk ; occupied by M. J. 
Burke, as tenement; originated in chimney ; cause, soot burning. 

Wednesday, 31st, 6-36, 6-44 P.M. Box 634. 
No. 212 Border st. Owned by John S. Weeks heirs; loss, $2,300; 
insurance, $5,000; occupied by eJames Gurney & Co., as foundry; loss, 
insurance, $1,717; originated on 1st floor; cause unknown. 



Fire Department. 271 



Wednesday, 31st, 6-51 P.M. Box 521. 

No. 118 Green st. Owned by Thomas Decatur; loss, $40; insur- 
ance, $13,000; occupied by Miss J. J. Horen, as dwelling; loss, $70; 
insurance, $700; originated on 2d floor; cause, match igniting curtain 
by carelessness. 

Wednesday, 31st, 7-05 P.M. Box 645. 
Cause, some malicious person pulled box; false alarm. 

Wednesday, 31st, 7-17 P.M. Still. 

No. 238 Cabot st. Owned by Bishop estate; insurance, $3,000; 
occupied by John Kenney, as dwelling; originated on 2d floor; cause, 
breaking kerosene lamp. 

Wednesday, 31st, 8-01 P.M. Box 86. 

Washington, near Concord st. Owned by W. E. R.R. Com- 
pany ; occupied by same, as electric car ; originated on car ; cause, 
defective motor. 

Wednesday, 31st, 10-30 P.M. Box 215. 

No. 957 Tremont st. Owned by E. Farwell ; insimxnce, $5,000 ; 
occupied by Bridget Lang, as dwelling ; originated in chimney ; cause, 
soot in chimney. 



272 City Document No. 12. 



REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR OF WIRES. 



To the Board of Fire Commissioners : 

Gentlemen : I have the honor to present to you my 
annual report for the year ending January 31, 1894. In 
addition to the work done by this bureau, I have endeavored 
to obtain for your information an accurate statement from 
the various companies of this city, as to the extent of their 
service, and I am pleased to say that with the exception of 
the Steam and Power Company, all have kindly complied with 
my request. I desire to again call your attention to the laws 
governing this department. While it obliges me to examine 
all wiring for light and power service, and report defects to 
interested parties, it does not provide for their enforcement. 
In view of this fact I would suggest that your Board take 
such action as may be necessary to enable this bureau to 
more fully carry out the requirements for which it was 
created. We have received during the year 2,276 notices of 
installations, which probably is not more than one-half of 
the amount of work done during that time. As I. cannot 
compel any one to notify us of their intentions, I would 
recommend that such action be taken as will oblige an in- 
spection and a certificate of approval issued before current 
is allowed to be used or enter buildings. During the year 
thirty-six fires have been reported at this office as having 
been caused by electricity. An immediate examination 
has been made in each case, and no doubt exists that 
twenty-three of these reports are correct. Twelve of these 
places had been examined previous to the fires being 
reported, and defects noted in eight of them, and the 
proper parties informed of the same. 

Isolated plants have undergone some changes, but most of 
them still remain in an unsatisfactory condition. 

As I have previously reported, overhead wires are run in 
a very careless manner, and consequently must be a great 
hindrance to the Fire Department, in many places crossing 
buildings less than two feet from the roof: and there should 
be definite regulations controlling this class of work, and a 
penalty attached for non-compliance to proper rules and reg- 
ulations. 

As a rule new wiring is being done in a satisfactory manner, 
but the old work is found to be in a very poor condition. This 
class of work should receive more attention than I am able 



Fire DeparTxMent. 273 

to give it with the present force of examiners, their time being 
fully occupied in looking after new installations. In view of 
the above fact,. I would recommend that your honorable 
Board consider the advisability of increasing the number of 
examiners. 

Number of buildings examined .... 2,187 

Defects reported ...... 364 

Defects remedied ...... 123 

Isolated plants examined ..... 135 

Arc lights examined ...... 1,424 

Incandescent lights examined . . . . 67,219 

Motors examined . . . . . . 527 

Notice of installation received .... 2,276 

Number of buildings from which dead and aban- 
doned wires have been removed . . . 891 
Amount of wire removed . . ' = miles 67 
Reports of defective wires received . . . 841 
Reports of same sent to owners .... 504 

Number of poles in use by the various companies, 

independent of the West End Street Railway . 12,048 
Plans of streets, showing locations of poles which 
have been granted by the Board of Aldermen 
during the year now complete, and filed in this 

office" . 781 

The Edison Electric Illuminating Company had installed, 
January 1, 86,631 incandescent lamps, 710 arc lamps, and 
1,251 motors, with a total horse-power of 3,999. They have 
47 miles of underground conductors. During the past year 
their overhead system has been entirely removed and 
replaced with underground. 

The Brookline Gas Light Company have overhead wires, 
all on poles, 52 miles, but none underground. They have in 
use 2,663 incandescent lamps and 126 arc lamps. 

The Church Green Light and Power Company are fur- 
nishing current for 2,200 incandescent lamps and 21 electric 
motors. 

The Suburban Light and Power Company have about 90 
miles of overhead wire connected with their two stations, and 
are furnishing current for 275 arc, 7,000 incandescent lamps, 
and 60 motors. Their wires are mostly on house-tops. 

The Boston Electric Light Company are operating five 
stations in this city, the total horse-power capacity of which 
is 6,000, with room for extension, as may be needed. They 
have about 625 miles of overhead wires for arc, incandes- 
cent, and power currents. They are engaged at the present 



274 City Document No. 12. 

time in laying about 3^ miles of underground wire conduits 
for the high tension arc current. They have a capacity for 
4,000 l(f ampere, 45 volt, 2,000 C. P. lamps, of which the 
city is using about 1,350. They are furnishing some 25,000 
16 C. P. alternating incandescent lamps partly to the city and 
partly to commercial customers, and furnish about 1,000 
electrical horse-power to various customers, about 800 of 
which is from the 500-volt current, the balance from the al- 
ternating current. 

The Charlestown Gas and Electric Light Company are 
running one 65-light, one 50-light, nine 30-light dynamos, 
and one 650-li°;ht alternating dynamo, with about 60 miles 
of overhead wire. 

They furnish the city with 140 arc lights, and 113 com- 
mercial arc lights and 435 incandescent lights. 

West End Street Railway Company have in Boston 
75.2 miles of trolley, 105.3 of feeders, and 46.7 overhead 
returns ; in Charlestown, 5.1 miles of trolley, 11.5 of feeders, 
and 5.5 overhead returns; in Allston and Brighton, 6.4 
miles of trolley, 11.7 of feeders, and 3.5 of overhead returns. 
The Central Power Station capacity in amperes 18,500 — 
12,400 horse-power. Allston Power Station capacity in 
amperes 1,800 — 1,200 horse-power. Charlestown is fed in 
pait from the Cambridge station, which will rate 3,750 
electrical horse-power. These are conservative figures and 
are frequently worked over on station loads. 

The New England Telephone and Telegraph Company, the 
total length of conduit is 24.46 miles; the total length of 
duct, 201.35 miles; number of manholes, 508. 

The underground cables of this company vary from 20 to 
200 wires, and the total length of cables is 73.58 miles, 
while the number of miles of wire underground is 8,361.1. 

Western Union Telegraph Company have overhead about 
119 miles of wire, and underground about 700 miles, and 
estimate that 90% of the wires connecting the depots is 
underground. 

Mutual District Messenger Company have about 240 
miles of wire on house-tops, but none underground. They 
have 4,100 call-box connections, and private connections 
with banks, hotels, City Hall, and State House. 

Postal Telegraph Company have 244 miles of overhead 
wire, and about 40 miles in aerial cables, and are preparing at 
the present time to petition for the right to put 90% of their 
wires underground. 

Boston District Messenger Company have some 150 miles 
of overhead wire, and 2,500 call-boxes in this city. 

Boston Electric Protective Association have about 15 



Fire Department. 275 

miles of wire overhead, and enter something over a hundred 
buildings. 

Holmes Protective Company have no wires underground, 
but are operating about 70 miles of open wire and 35 miles 
in cables, and enter about 150 buildings. 

Boston Auxiliary Fire-Alarm Company have their system 
installed in 137 buildings in this city and connected with 
124 special boxes; 14 of this number of fire-alarm boxes are 
connected with the central office by two special circuits of 
about eight miles of overhead wire. 

Automatic Fire-Alarm and Extinguisher Company have 
about 53 miles of overhead wire connecting their office with 
232 buildings and 18 engine-houses. One hundred and 
fifteen fires have been reported by their system, and 49 of 
them extinguished without the sounding of the city alarm. 

United States Electric Fire-Signal Company are operat- 
ing about 15 miles of overhead wire, connecting 70 buildings, 
9 engine-houses, and 57,884 thermostats with their central 
station. 

The above figures are taken from statements submitted 
this bureau by the several companies at my request. 

Fire-Alarm Branch. 

New construction in this branch during the past year has 
been chiefly confined to Dorchester, all the circuits having 
been rebuilt and two new box circuits and one telephone 
circuit added to the service, for the purpose of providing 
greater protection to the district by placing a less number of 
boxes in each circuit, and altering their connection in accord- 
ance with the custom hitherto followed in the construction 
of all new work in recent years. 

The reconstruction of circuits 9, 10, 24, and 38 has been 
done with new wire throughout, including all loops and 
drops, and the covered pipe wires used in making connec- 
tions with the boxes. 

The new box circuits are numbered 30 and 31. The tele- 
phone circuit has been run to the house of Engine Company 
No. 19, and is so constructed as to admit of a multiple connec- 
tion of the instruments which are at present placed in series. 

Telephone circuits 5, 6, and 24, running respectively to 
South Boston, Roxbury, and the South End, and 27, connect- 
ing with houses of the Inspector and Deputy Inspector of 
Wires and chief of the department, have been changed from 
series to multiple connection, as experience has demonstrated 
that the efficiency of the service is greatly increased thereby, 
the interference caused by induction in the lines being 
almost entirely eliminated. 



276 City Document No. 12. 

Telephone circuits 7, 9, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, and 25 have 
also been reconstructed and made metallic, and are ready to 
be connected in multiple as soon as the work can be taken 
up. 

Twenty-one high-resistance generators (one thousand 
ohms) have thus far been used in the multiple connections. 

A new telephone has been placed in the house of Commis- 
sioner Murphy and connected with No. 11 circuit. 

Circuits 4, 14, 20, 21, 22, 39, and 41 have been recon- 
structed from City Hall to Peinberton square. 

The wires running along the line of Fourth street, from 
Dorchester to I street, comprising a part of circuits 1,11, 
and 42, and telephone circuits 5,9, and 14, have been renewed 
and transferred from roof structures to new poles. 

Circuits 1, 11, and 42 have also been rebuilt from the 
corner of Dorchester avenue and Sixth street, to a point at 
the corner of Eighth and Mercer streets. Circuits 3 and 25 
have been extended from Dover to Northampton street on 
account of rebuilding of Dover-street bridge, and the sub- 
marine cable and old wires have been removed from the 
bridge for the same cause. 

Circuits 1, 11, and 42 have been removed from roof 
fixtures and transferred to a line of poles along Eighth street, 
from H to L street, new wire being substituted for the old. 

New wires have been run on Bunker Hill street, between 
Lexington and Quincy streets, and connected into circuits 
12, 16, 39, and telephone circuit 1. Special circuits have 
been run from houses of Engines 7 and 15, connecting with 
call bells at Federal-st. bridge, for the purpose of facilitat- 
ing their passage over the draw when responding to alarms. 
The box gong service has been extended to the house of 
Ladder No. 16, and new mechanical spring-gongs have been 
substituted for the direct-acting apparatus in the Dorchester 
houses connected with No. 38 circuit. 

A cable containing thirty conductors has been run from 
the basement of City Hall to the head-room in the dome, 
connecting with the underground cable and circuits 7, 8, 9, 
10, 13, 19, 23, 24, 30, 31, 38, and 44, and telephone cir- 
cuits 6 and 19 are now working through the same from head- 
quarters to Waltham street. A conduit containing four 
ducts for underground service has been constructed from 
Harrison avenue through Bristol street to the new head- 
quarters building, with two manholes for running the cables 
when desired. 

The underground service in the above-named circuits has 
been successfully carried on during the past year, and ar- 
rangements are being made for considerable extension in this 



Fmu Department. 277 

direction in the coming season. Box 54 has been placed on 
an ornamental street lamp-post on Oxford, near Beach street, 
and connected into the underground cable at that point. 
Work is now in progress for establishing several more posts 
with signal-boxes attached along this line, and it is expected 
that they will be in service at an early day. 

It is intended to further increase the efficiency of the ser- 
vice by making use of telephones in addition to the boxes 
connected with the underground wires. This will be accom- 
plished by placing the telephones in the lower part of the 
outside shells and operating them by an independent wire, 
which will form a circuit entirely distinct from those of the 
fire alarm, notwithstanding that it will run through the same 
conduit with them. 

The boxes throughout the city have been repainted. 

One hundred and one new poles have been set, one hun- 
dred and twenty-five old ones painted, and sixty taken down, 
during the year. 

Eleven hundred and ninety-five cross-arms and two hun- 
dred and fifty extensions have been placed on poles belong- 
ing to this branch and those of other companies doing 
business in the cit3 r . 

Forty old structures have been removed from buildings, 
and twenty-five new ones constructed at such points as were 
necessary to complete the new construction and repair work 
herein referred to. 

Seven new boxes have been added to the service by this 
branch, and three have been put in by the Auxiliary Com- 
pany since my last report. 

A nineteen-conductor aerial cable was run from City Hull 
to Horticultural Hall to connect the circuits destroyed by the 
Tremont Temple fire. Twenty-five hundred feet of ten- 
conductor cable have been used in short lengths in various 
places, chiefly for connecting apparatus in the department 
houses. 

A submarine cable with seven conductors has been laid 
across the draw at Federal-st. bridge. 

One hundred and thirty miles of galvanized, nineteen 
miles of covered iron, and fifty -five hundred feet of Clark wire 
have been used during the year. 

A two-horse team has been added to the construction 
division and located in Charlestown, stalls for the accommo- 
dation of the same having been constructed in the house of 
Hose Company No. 3. 

A storeroom and workshop has been established at 256 
Hover street, and the work of the branch has been greatly 
facilitated thereby. Much work has been done here on 
stormy days, and the shop has been thoroughly equipped 



278 City Document No. 12. 

with many appliances necessary for the comfort and conven- 
ience of the employees. 

The dynamo service referred to as an experiment in my 
previous report has continued in successful operation dur- 
ing the year, and has now thoroughly demonstrated that its 
use throughout the entire system at the new headquarters 
w T ill he of the greatest benefit to the service. I have 
recently put in two additional motor-dynamos, connecting 
the two new Dorchester circuits, 30 and 31, with one of them, 
and making use of the other for supplying current for oper- 
ating the group of box-gong circuits. The full capacity of 
these three dynamos is in excess of the requirements of all 
the circuits now in service, as far as current is concerned ; 
but 1 do not consider it advisable to go much further in this 
direction until facilities have been provided for obtaining 
power to run them from additional sources, and the transfer 
of circuits from one dynamo to another when desired. The 
matter is now under consideration, and it is intended that the 
new headquarters will be fully equipped with all the neces- 
sary appliances to accomplish this purpose. 

A new combination four-dial transmitter has been put in 
service at the central office for operating the box-gong cir- 
cuits. 

It is of the most elaborate design and beautiful finish, and 
is capable of giving four successive combinations of four 
numbers each when desired. In appearance and operation 
it is unsurpassed by any apparatus of its kind in the country. 

A set of apparatus, consisting of receiving relays, auto- 
matic repeater, testing appliances etc., has been placed in 
the house of Engine Company No. 9, in East Boston, and is 
now ready to be connected for service. This is intended to 
serve as an isolated fire-alarm plant to be operated independ- 
ently for the protection of the district in the event of the 
destruction of the lines of communication between it and the 
central office. 

The service has been unexceptionably free from damage 
caused by storms during the past year, there being at no 
time any considerable number of the circuits affected suffi- 
ciently to interfere with their successful operation. 

This result may be attributed not only to the fact that 
severe storms have been less prevalent in this vicinity than 
in some previous years, but to the improved methods em- 
ployed, and thorough manner of doing the work in the con- 
struction and maintenance of the system; 

Respectfully submitted, 

B. S. Flanders, 

Inspector of Wires. 



Fire Department. . 279 



BUREAU FOR THE INSPECTION OF WIRES. 



The force employed is as follows : 

Inspector. 
Brown S. Flanders. 



Deputy Inspector. 
Cyrus A. George. 

Assistant Deputy Inspector. 
William H. Godfrey. 

Inspector of Wires Branch. 

Clerk. 
John B. Shea. 

Draughtsman. 
James T. Ball. 

Examiners. 

James E. Cole, Jeremiah A. Field, 

James J. Dunlea, Walter J. Burke. 

Fire-Alarm Branch. 

Operators. 
Charles M. Chaplin, James L. Gethins, 

Uzziel Putnam, Richard Donahue, 

James L. Crowley, Jona. M. Morris. 

Assistant Operator. 
Wm. H. Johnson. 

Battery man. 
John B. Jeffers. 

Assistant Batteryman. 
Jeremiah E. O'Brien. 

Foreman of Construction. 
Hiram W. Cherrtngton. 



280 City Document No. 12. 

Repairers. 

G. J. H, Gutbrmuth, Granville S. Menuell, 

John Flavell, Issachar Wells, 

Wm. H. Barker, David Isaacs, 

E. M. Illingworth, Daniel F. McCarty, 

Thomas P. Bannon, Peter M. Kendrick, 

Thomas M. Kaine, Thomas J. Lythgoe, 

James Friel, Thomas C. Harrington. 

Care of Clocks. 
Wm. J. Reagan. 

A constant watch is kept at the headquarters, City Hall, 
night and day, by the operators. Each set of operators have 
assigned to them certain hours of duty, during which time 
they are responsible for the correct working of the apparatus 
in giving alarms, and all testing of the circuits and other de- 
tails pertaining to the service. No operator is permitted to 
sleep during his watch, unless expressly relieved by some 
one else, and by consent of the Inspector. 

Each operator is accountable to the Inspector for any 
mistakes that may occur at the office during his hours of 
duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each 
alarm, and of the station from which it originates, and all 
other necessary information. 

There are 564 fire-alarm boxes now in service. 

The following boxes are private property : 38 duplicate, 
115, 149, 152, 2-7, 228, 244, 271, 279, 281, 283, 299,422, 
442, 443, 511, 533, 617, 623, 624, 626, 629, 698, 711, 714, 
715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 
729, 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 737, 738, 739, 741, 742, 743, 
744, 745, 746, 778, 779, 789, 791, 792, 793, 794,795, 796, 
797, 798, 799, 816, 838, 842, 919, 927, 974. 

Stock and Fixtures. 

Magnetic fire-alarm apparatus, the whole cost of which 
is about $161,000. Working lines of wire, about 705 miles ; 
signal-boxes in use, 564 ; striking-machines, 23 ; gongs, 135 ; 
box gongs, 69 ; tappers, 11 ; vibrators, 5 ; local registers in 
department houses, 44; one electric watch-clock; two re- 
peating machines for striking signals; relays in use, 74; 
eighteen-pen registers, 2 ; office bells in use, 7 ; telegraph 
keys in use, 36 ; main circuit annunciators, 2 ; local ditto, 2 ; 
fuse-boards, 2; telephones in use, 85; 2 switch-boards; 40 



Fire Department. 281 

galvanometers; 1 fire apparatus covering map; 2 poi table 
rheotropes ; 1 typewriter; 1 chronometer; 1 telephone 
switch-board at headquarters ; 1 ditto in chief's office ; 1 set 
telegraphic apparatus in inspector's house ; 9 sets telegraphic 
apparatus in assistants' houses ; 2,046 battery-cups in use at 
central office ; 50 cups dry battery in house of Engine No. 
15 ; 50 ditto in house of Engine No. 10; 50 ditto in house 
of Engine No. 14 ; 50 ditto in house of Engine No. 23 ; GO 
ditto in house of Engine No. 25 ; 80 ditto in house of 
Engine No. 9; 14 spare battery-cups; 203 spare porous 
cups ; 239 spare battery-cups at shop ; 300 lbs. sulphate of 
copper; 300 lbs. zinc; brackets, wire, insulators, etc., office 
furniture, bedsteads, bedding, and sundry other articles. 

In Inspector's Office. 

1 high-current testing-board ; 1 volt-meter ; 1 Am-meter ; 
1 mil-am-meter ; 2 high resisting generators ; 1 rheostat ; 1 
chlo. silver dry-cell battery ; 1 typewriter; 1 copying-press: 
1 safe. 

Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-Alarm Telegraph is connected with the following; 

bells: 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hiil School-house, Charlestown, 2,009 lbs., owned 
by city. 

Chapman School-house, Eutavv street, East Boston, steel, 
3,109^ lbs., owned by city. 

Chemical Engine-house No. 4, West Roxbury, owned by 
city, weight 1,059 lbs. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting-House Hill, Dorchester, 
composition, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by city. 



282 City Document No. 12. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 30, West Roxbury, 300 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 40, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 

Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs., owned by city. 

Lewis School-house, Dale street, Boston Highlands, compo- 
sition, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 

Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 
lbs. 

Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 
2,470 lbs., owned by city. 

Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 

from service, are located as follows : 

Fire-Alarm Repair-shop, bell formerly used on Phillips 
School-house, composition, 900 lbs. ; bell formerly used on 
house of Chemical Engine 5 ; one composition, 400 lbs., 
formerly used on house of Chemical Engine No. 4 ; one 
composition, 400 lbs., formerly used on house of Chemical 
Engine No. 6 ; and two small bells from other locations. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

George-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 
4,160 lbs. 

Hook and Ladder house, No. 4, Dudley street, Boston High- 
lands, composition, 3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 
3,400 lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composi- 
tion, 3,110 lbs. 

Quincy School-house, Tyler street, composition, 2,941 lbs. 

Rice School-house, Appleton street, composition, 3,042 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Highlands, composition, 4,083 
lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 



Fire Department. 283 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Walpole street, Boston Highlands, composition, 2,958 lbs. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 

Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, 40 in number, are taken care 
of by the Fire Department. 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Lynde-street Church. 

Odd Fellows Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State-House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned. by city. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

Bigelow School-house, owned by city. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School-house, Washington Village, owned by city. 

.East Boston. 

Central Square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Boston Highlands. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 
Metropolitan stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 
Roxbury High School, owned by city. 



284 City Document No. 12. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by city, 
JVeponset Church. 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Oharlestown. 

Bunker Hill Church. 

City Hall, owned by city. 

Harvard El ill Church. 

High School-house, owned by city. 

Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church. 
Unitarian Church. 

Brighton. 

Bennett School-house, owned by city.