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BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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ANNUAL EEPOET 



FIRE DEPARTMENT, 



YEAR 1895 




BOSTON: 

ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS. 

1896. 



. : .-..••./ 



^TW 



Office of the Fire Commissioner, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 27, 1896. 

His Honor Josiah Quincy, Mayor: 

Sir : Respectfully submitting the statistics of this depart- 
ment for 1895, I beg to call your attention to the favorable 
showing made by the figures of losses and insurance. But 
good fortune in the immediate past furnishes no ground for 
hoping that the millennium has come ; for as long as we have 
much faulty construction still allowed by law, with large 
floor areas, and the possibility of securing alarms only after 
fires have gained good headway, we may at any time expect 
a conflagration in spite of all the earnest efforts of the depart- 
ment. The reduced cost of some materials and curtailment 
of expenses at headquarters have enabled us to make such 
repairs on engine-houses as the health and comfort of the 
men and protection of the property absolutely required ; and 
now the houses are in fair working order with the exception 
of Ladder-House 13, on Washington street, near Dover, and 
Engine-House 30, on Mt. Vernon street, West Roxbury, 
both of which are not worth repairing, having been condemned 
by the Building Commissioner ; and I strongly recommend 
that means be provided for new houses for these two (2) 
companies. Some years ago land was bought at Grove Hall 
for a ladder truck, and now lies unoccupied, though the 
necessity has not been removed ; and the proper protection 
of that locality strongly calls for the completion of the plan 
to furnish the people there with adequate apparatus. There 
are thirty-two thousand (32,000) dollars remaining from a 
larger sum provided some time since for land and house for 
an engine company to be placed at the North End, and I 
earnestly recommend that said $32,000, with $18,000 addi- 
tional, be devoted to a system of underground pipes to carry 
salt water from our harbor to the more congested parts of 



2 City Document No. 11. 

the city in accordance with the plan made by the City Engi- 
neer, the adoption of which I have already strongly recom- 
mended. A veterinary hospital and training school is much 
needed, as at present the quarters hired on Nawn street, 
lloxbury, at $720 per annum, for the use of sick and disabled 
horses, are entirely inadequate and unfit for the purpose. At 
one time land was secured on Swett street, and plans made 
for a suitable hospital, and I beg to have the matter taken up 
and carried to a successful solution in accordance with orig-i- 
nal plans calling for twelve thousand (12,000) dollars. 

There are many localities where the recent growth of 
population justifies, in the minds of the inhabitants, an appeal 
for increased fire protection ; but I think the present appa- 
ratus adjacent to such localities sufficient to prevent any 
serious fire, and I do not believe the interests of the city call 
for any extended addition to the present force ; but I do 
strongly recommend such strengthening of the present depart- 
ment as I have already suggested ; for, with these additions 
and improvements, we will, I think, be justified in hoping' 
for continued good fortune if citizens will do their part by 
giving us promptly the first alarm ; and in my opinion the 
interests of all call for perfection of the present force rather 
than for more extension. 



Fire Department. 







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City Document No. 11. 



Table No. 2. 



Showing the different Causes of Fires and Alarms, from 
February 1, 1895, to February 1, 1896. 

Alarms, accidental, automatic . 

" needless . . . 

" false .... 

" out-of-town 
Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle 
Boiling over of tar or fat . 
Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc. . 
Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. 

" " " fire . 

" " " pipe or cigars . 
Chimneys, soot burning . . , 

" defective 

Clothes too near stove 
Defective flue 

" stove-pipe 

" grate 

" furnace . 

Electric motor igniting car 

" wires 
Explosion and igniting of chemicals 
Fireworks .... 
Friction 

Fumigating .... 
Gas, explosion of . 
" ignition of leaky pipes 
" jet setting fire 

" stove, careless use of and explosion 
Incendiary .... 

" supposed 
Kerosene lamp, explosion or breaki 
" " upsetting 

" stove, careless use of and explosion 
Light mistaken for fire 
Lightning .... 
Matches and rats . 

" careless use of . 

" children playing with 
Naphtha, careless use of and ignition 
Overheated stove 

" steam-pipe or boiler 

Bekindling of ruins of previous fire 
Slacking: of lime 



32 

114 

22 

12 

34 

21 

339 

34 

6 

32 

59 

20 

8 

35 

6 

2 

4 

30 

52 

11 

45 

3 

4 

5 

11 

62 

24 

28 

19 

92 

42 

59 

24 

2 

34 

73 

48 

20 

26 

11 

1 



Fire Department. 



Smoky chimney 

" furnace or stove . 
Sparks from another tire . 

" " furnace or stove 

«' " chimney 

" " locomotive . 

" " forge . 

Spontaneous combustion . 
Steam escaping 
Unknown 

Water-pipes, thawing out 
Wood in oven igniting . 

Total . 

Total number of actual fires 
Confined to one building 
Extended to others . 
Wharves, vessels, grass, etc. 
Out of the city 



29 
21 

6 
16 
34 
24 

7 
68 

6 

241 

39 

4 

2,009 

1,675 
1,285 

39 
339 

12 



Buildings. 



Slightly damaged . 
Considerably damaged 
Totally destroyed . 
Not damaged . 



736 
70 

27 
560 



Fire Commissioner Henry S. Russell was appointed Janu- 
ary 21, 1895. Present term expires May, 1898. Salary, 
$5,000. 

Benjamin F. Underbill, Jr., Clerk, appointed by the Fire 
Commissioner. Salary, $2,400. 



Chief of Department. 

Lewis P. Webber, Headquarters, Bristol street. 

First Assistant Chief, John W. Regan, Headquarters, 
Engine-house 26, Mason street. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 4, Wm. 
T. Cheswell, Headquarters, Engine-house 4, Bulfinch 
street. 

District Chiefs. 

Peter F. McDonough, Headquarters, Ladder-house 2. 

C. H. W. Pope, " "9. 

John F. Egan, ' " " 8. 

John F. Ryan, " Engine-house 2G. 



City Document No. 11. 



John A. Mullen, Headquarters, 


Engine-house 1 


Patrick E. Keyes, " 


3 


John Grady, " 


13 


Edward H. Sawyer, " 


Ladder-house 4 


Williston A. Gaylord, " 


Engine-house 18 


Nathan L. Hussey, " 


41 


Lewis P. Abbott, " 


28 



Wm. E. Delano, M 



D. 



Clerks. 

J. Lafferty, Geo. F. Murphy, James 

P. Maloney. 
J. Quinn, Messenger. 



Force and Pay-Roll . 



Chief of Department 


$3,500 per 


annum 


First Assistant Chief . 


2,400 


a 


Second Assistant Chief 


2,200 


a 


11 District Chiefs . 


2,000 


a 


Superintendent of Repair-shop 


2,000 


n 


Second Assistant Superintendent o] 






Repair-shop . 


1,300 


a 


Veterinary Surgeon 


1,800 


C i 


2 Clerks . . . . 


1,000 


a 


1 Clerk .... 


900 


a 


1 Clerk .... 


600 


a 


1 Messenger . 


1,000 


i i 


1 detailed man as Clerk, Apparatus 


i 




Repair-shop . 


1,000 


(« 


51 Captains .... 


1,600 


cc 


41 Lieutenants 


1,400 


a 


45 Engine-men 


1,300 


a 


305 Permanent Men 


1,200 


1 1 


50 " " . 


1,000 'foo.n 


48 " " . 


1,000 


a 


1 Permanent Man 


. 912.50 


ic 


31 Call Men .... 


250 


c t 


36 " " . 


200 


a 


36 " " . 


175 


it 


40 Permanent Substitutes 


900 


a 


15 


720 


a 


3 Call Captains . 


325 


it 


1 Hostler .... 


624 


a 


2 Watchmen 


1,000 


a 


1 Driver for Chief of Department 


1.95 per 


day. 


12 Drivers for District Chiefs 


1.75 



Fire Department. 7 

Fire Districts. 
The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District 4. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park, and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 

The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter, and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle, Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue, and Berkeley 
street. 

District 6. 

All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 

District 7. 

The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte, and Way streets, 
and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel and South 
bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and on the 
west by the Charles rivet. 

District 8. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by the old boundary line between Roxbury and 



8 City Document No. 11. 

West Roxbury, and on the west by the Brookline line, Bea- 
con and Deerfield streets. 

District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, .Dorset and Locust streets, on the east 
by Dorchester ba} T , on the south by Freeport, Hancock, 
Bowdoin, Olney, and Columbia streets, and on the west by 
Blue Hill avenue, Seaver and Washington streets. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Colum- 
bia, Olney, Bowdoin, Hancock, and Freeport streets, on the 
east by Doi'chester bay, on the south by the Neponset river 
and the Hyde Park line, and on the west by Back street and 
Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 

All that part of Boston known as Brighton, and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by the old boundary line between Roxbury and 
West Roxbury and Seaver street, on the east by Blue Hill 
avenue and Back street, on the south by the Hyde Park and 
Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and Brookline 
lines. 

In all cases where streets are designated as boundaries, 
the centre of the street will be the dividing line. 



Fire Department. 



Assignment of Districts. 



Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 



Chief in Command. 



Peter F. McDonough 
C. H. W. Pope . 
John F. Egan . . 
Wm. T. Cheewell 
John F. Ryan . . 
John A. Mullen . 
Patrick E. Keyes 
John Grady . . . 
Edward H. Sawyer 
Williston A. Gaylord 
Nathan L.Hussey . 
Lewis P. Abbott . 



Companies in District. 



Engines. 



5, 9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 36 

8, 25,31 

*4, 6, 10 

7, *26, 35 

*1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

*3, 22, 33 

*13, 14, 37 

12, 21, 23, 24 

16, 17, *18, 19, 20 

29, 34, *41 

*28, 30, 42,45 



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7 


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4 


3, 13, 15 






3 


12 


7 




10 


*4 








6,7 




1 


6 


11 






5 


10,16 







3 £ 



' Headquarters of District Chief. 



10 



City Document No. 11. 



The following property is in charge of the Fire Com- 
missioner : 

Engine-Houses . 





Location. 


No .'of feet 
in lot. 


Remarks. 


No. 1 . . . 




5,698 




2 . . . 


Cor. of and Fourth streets . 


4,000 




3. . , 


Bristol st. and Harrison ave. . 


4,000 


Ladder No. 3 in this building. 


4. . . 
5 . . . 




6,098 
1,647 


Chemical Engine No. 1, Lancers' 
Armory, and water-tower in 
this building. 


6. . . 




- 2,327 




7 . . . 




1,893 

2,568 




8. . . 






9. . . 




4,000 


Ladder No. 2 in this building. 


10 . . . 




1,886 
10,000 




11. . . 


Saratoga and Byron streets . . 




12 . . . 


Dudley street 


7,161 




13. . . 




4,305 




14 . . . 




5,627 
2,843 




15 . . . 






16 . . . 


River street, Dorchester Dist., 


12,736 


Ladder No. 6 in this building. 


17 . . . 


Meetinghouse Hill, Dorches- 


9,450 
10,225 




18. . . 


Harvard street, Dor. Dist. . . 




19. . . 


Norfolk street, " . . 


7,683 




20. . . 


Walnut street, " 


9,000 




21 . . . 


Bostou street, " . . 


9,355 




22. . . 




4,463 




23 . . . 




3,445 




24. . . 


Cor. Warren and Quincy sts. . 


4,186 




25. . . 




4,175 


Ladder No. 8 and Ladder No. 14 
in this building. 


26 . . . 




6,385 




27. . . 


Elm street, Charlestown Dist., 


2,600 




28. . . 


Centre street, W. Roxbury 


10,377 


Ladder No. 10 in this building. 


29. . . 


Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton 


14,356 
16,275 


Ladder No. 11 in this building. 


30. . . 


Mt. Vernon street, W. Rox- 


32. . . 




8,000 




33. . . 


Cor. Boylston and Hereford 


5,646 


Ladder No. 15 in this building. 



Fire Department. 
Engine-Houses. — Concluded. 



11 



37 . . 

38-39 

40 . . 

41 . . 

42. . 

43. . 

45 . . 

1. . 

2. . 

3. . 

4. . 

5. . 



10. 
11 . 



Western ave., Brighton 
Monument street . . . . 



Cor. Longwood and Brookline 
avenues 



Congress street ..... 
Sumner St., East Boston 



Harvard ave., near Cambridge 
street, Brighton District . . 



Washington street, between 
Atherton and Beethoven . . 



Andrew square 

Poplar St., cor. Washington, 
W. Roxbury 

Chemical-Engine Houses. 

Bulfinch street 

Church street ........ 



Cor. Longwood and Brookline 
avenues . 



Shawmut avenue . 



Washington street, between 
Atherton and Beethoven . . 



Harvard ave., near Cambridge 
street, Brighton District . . 



Chelsea street, East Boston 

B street 

Main street • . . 

Eustis street ....... 

North Grove street .... 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



4,637 
5,668 

5,400 
4,000 
4,010 

6,112 

3,848 
5,225 

14,729 



3,412 



1,346 
1,804 



700 
3,918 



Chem. Eng. 3 in this building. 

Chem. Eng. 6 in this building. 
Chem. Eng. 5 in this building. 

Ladder No. 16 in this building. 
See Engine-house 4. 

See Engine-house 37. 

See Engine No. 42. 
See Engine No. 41. 

See Ladder-house 9. 



Hose-Houses. 





Location. 


No. of feet 
in lot. 


Remarks. 


No. 3 . . . 
7 . . . 




5,230 













12 



City Document No. 11. 
Combination-Wagon Houses. 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



No. 1 

2 



Dorchester avenue, Ashmont , 
Fourth street 



4,875 
3,101 



Hook-and-Ladder Houses. 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



No. 1 
2 
3 
•4 
5 



Friend street 

Paris street, East Boston . 

Harrison avenue 

Dudley street 

Fourth street 

River street, Dorchester , 
Meeting-house Hill . . . , 
Fort Hill square . . . . . 
Main street, Charlestown . 
Centre street, W.R. . . , 



Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton 
District 



Culvert street 

Washington, near Dover street, 

Fort Hill square 

Boylston, cor. Hereford street, 

Roslindale 

Harrison avenue 



1,676 



3,923 

2,469 



2,430 



1,007 



2,250 



See Engine-house 9. 
See Engine 3. 



See Engine-house 16. 
See Engine 17. 
See Engine Co. 25. 
Chemical 9 in this huilding. 
See Engine-house 28. 

See Engine-house 29. 
On leased land. 

See Engine-house 25. 
Engine 33 in this building. 
See Engine 45. 



Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land. 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 1,592 feet of land. 

Headquarters Building and Repair-shop, corner of Albany 
and Bristol streets, 20,547 feet. 

Water Tower No. 2 and wrecking wagon are in Head- 
quarters Building. 

4,350 feet of land on Tremont street on which quarters 
are now building for Ladder 12 and Hose 7. 

5,624 feet of land on Washington street, Dorchester, pur- 
chased as a site for a ladder-house. 



Fire Department. 



13 



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19 



New Apparatus purchased during the Year. 

1 third-size Clapp & Jones engine. 
1 first-class " " " 

1 first-size La France " 

2 double-tank chemical engines. 

3 two-horse hose-wagons. 

2 coal-wagons. 

3 District Chief's wagons. 
1 fire-boat. 

1 manure-wagon. 



Hose. 

Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the 
year : 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 7,000 feet. 10,750 feet. 

" rubber, 1,500 " 350 " 

Chemical, 2,000 " 650 " 

Suction, 214 " 120 " 



Totals, 10,714 



11,870 " 



Amount of hose in use and in storehouse February 1, 

1896: 

In Use. In Storehouse. 

Cotton, 70,150 feet, 3,350 feet. 

Rubber, 4,650 " 4,200 " 

Chemical, 5,750 " 1,250 " 

Suction, 998 " 164 " 



Totals, 81,548 



8,964 



Horses. 



Purchased during the year . 


. 63 


Sold or exchanged 


. 40 


Died . . ' . 


7 


Killed, for cause . 


4 


Number in the department . 


. 271 



Water and Hydrants. 

The total number of hydrants in the city February 1 was 
6,756. In addition to these hydrants, there are 224 fire 
reservoirs in different sections of the city that contain from 
300 to 500 hogsheads of water, and can be used in an emer- 
gency. 



20 



City Document No. 11. 



The number of hydrants established and abandoned during 
the year is as follows : 



Boston (City Proper) 
South Boston .... 

East Boston 

Roxbury 

Dorchester 

"West Roxbury . . . 

Brighton 

Gallop's Island . . . 
Charlestown . . . . 

Totals 



Established. 



Abandoned. 



2 * 

o J 



4 
3 
3 

39 
110 
53 
29 
1 
2 



Total Number of Hydrants in use January 31, 1896. 



Boston (City Proper) 
South Boston .... 
East Boston .... 

Roxbury 

Dorchester 

West Roxbury . . . 

Brighton 

Brookline ...... 

Chelsea 

Quincy 

Deer Island ...... 

Long Island 

Thompson's Island . 
Gallop's Island . . . 
Rainsford Island . . 
Charlestown .... 



Totals 



Lowry. 



704 
220 
140 
661 
580 
130 



2,735 



283 
102 
104 
261 
550 
546 
304 



2,259 



Boston 
Lowry, 



58 
23 
24 

77 
226 
183 

64 



Boston 
Y. 



454 

247 

129 

87 

59 

44 

30 

3 

7 



1,499 

593 

397 

1,086 

1,415 

903 

476 

8 

7 



1 
338 



6,756 



Fire Department, 21 



FIRE-ALARM BRANCH. 



The woodwork and other fittings for the new office were 
completed, and the apparatus placed in position, early in the 
year, and wiring for the same was commenced on the 15th 
of March. 

The extent of this work, which was done by the contractor, 
and the care required to be exercised in carrying it out, , 
necessarily consumed considerable time, and it was not com- 
pleted until the middle of May. More than 50,000 feet of 
wire were nsed in making the connections. The office is 
constructed for eighty circuits, which are divided into three 
systems : Fifty circuits are equipped with apparatus for 
receiving alarms from the boxes, twenty for striking them 
out on the bells and gongs, and ten for operating the box- 
gongs in department houses. 

The battery-room is equipped with stands having sufficient 
capacity to hold fifty-six motor-generators, a power service- 
board so constructed that current for driving the motors may 
be taken from four independent sources, and a board which 
provides for a distribution of the generator currents in such 
a manner that any desired combination can be made of the 
eighty circuits at any time without interference with the 
operation of the system. 

On the 20th of Ma} r the old plant at the City Hall, which 
had done effective service for more than thirty years, ended 
its official existence, and the new office was duly installed. 

The transfer of the circuits was made in three hours from 
the time the first connection was made, careful preparations 
for making the changes having been made previously. 

Notwithstanding the fact that the new plant was equipped 
with entirely new apparatus, the different construction and 
operation of which involved a complete change in the 
methods to be employed, no material interruption to the 
successful working of the system was experienced at the time 
of its installation, and the minor faults in construction which 
developed later being eliminated, it was soon placet! on a 
perfect working basis, and so continued up to the present 
time. 

The dynamo service, which has been referred to as an 
experiment, in previous reports, has demonstrated by results 
that a great improvement has been made in this respect, and 



22 City Document No. 11. 

the advantages gained by substituting it for the old form of 
batteries have become more clearly apparent by its continued 
use. 

A new switch-board, constructed for ninety circuits, sup- 
plied with three banks of connecting plugs and three sets of 
transmitters and telephones, has been leased from the New 
England Telephone Company. It is equipped with all the 
appliances used in modern exchange business, and. by its use 
the telephone work of the department has been greatly 
facilitated. 

The reconstruction of overhead circuits during the year 
has been done chiefly in Roxbury and West Roxbury. 

In these districts three new bell circuits have been built, 
'and box circuits 7, 8, 13, and 23 partially reconstructed. 

Circuit No. 74, in West Roxbury, has been extended to 
the house of Engine No. 30, and a box-gong of the regular 
pattern placed in quarters and connected for service. 

The wires running along the Parkway in Jamaica Plain 
have been replaced by an underground cable 2,977 feet in 
length, containing 17,862 feet of conductors. 

Circuits running to Charlestown and Brighton, which were 
rebuilt in 1894, have been divided, and connected indepen- 
dently in the new office. By this division a new box-gong 
circuit was created, and the apparatus houses in Brighton 
connected therewith. 

The box-arms' service is now extended to the entire de- 
paitment. 

All the boxes in Brighton and Charlestown ai*e now con- 
nected into circuits by themselves, and the bells and gongs 
into new circuits, which are used exclusively for striking 
alarms. 

A similar arrangement has been effected by new construc- 
tion in South Boston, which completes the elimination of 
the bells and gongs from the box circuits throughout the 
entire system. 

The alarm service has been extended by placing a bell, 
formerly used on the Phillips School-house, in a new tower 
which was constructed on the house of Engine No. 41 at 
Allston, and gongs into the office of Commissioner of Wires, 
house of District Chief Hussey, Austin & Gove's office, East 
Boston, and the pumping-station on Wayne street. 

Sixteen new circuits have been created, and placed entirely 
underground. Three of these are connected with lamp-post 
boxes, and the others w r ith telephones located therein and 
various department houses. One new overhead telephone 
circuit has been built, and the service extended by placing 
telephones in the residence of the Chief of Department, 



Fire Department. 23 

house of Engine 25, Veterinary Surgeon, Hook and Ladder 
No. 7, head-room at City Hall, and basement terminal room 
at Bristol street, Headquarters Building. 

Stands and telephones have also been placed on the various 
desks at headquarters. 

The rebuilding of Chelsea bridge has occasioned much 
work for this branch during the year, as it has been neces- 
sary to make temporary changes in the arrangement of the 
wires from time to time as the work progressed. Wires and 
cables have been placed, and submarine cables taken up and 
relaid to meet the existing conditions, the final work being 
completed late in the season. 

The poles formerly supporting the wires at this point have 
been abandoned, with the exception of some iron posts on 
the Boston end as far as the draw, and the circuits are now 
carried on these standards and along the timbers, under the 
bridge, through a 19-conductor cable 2,600 feet in length. 

Submarine cables have been taken up at bridges on Fed- 
eral, Congress, and Tenean streets and Mt. Washington 
avenue. 

The cable on Federal street was removed on account of 
becoming defective, and the others because routes of cir- 
cuits were changed in such a manner that their continued 
use at those localities was rendered unnecessary. The dam- 
aged cable at Federal street was replaced by one of these, 
and the other two were used at Chelsea bridge. 

A new cable, 300 feet in length, has also been laid at 
Meridian-street bridge. 

A new frame has been built to support the bell in the 
tower on the Noble School-house, on Princeton street, Fast 
Boston, and the usual routine work has been done, repairing 
circuits and making such changes in their locations as have 
been made necessary by conditions which have developed 
from time to time in various parts of the city. Six new 
boxes have been established and connected with the service 
during the year. 

Ninety miles of No. 9 wire and 16,199 feet of Clark and 
Kerite wire, 1,881 feet 10-conductor, and 2,668 feet 19-con- 
ductor overhead cable have been used in completing the 
work herein referred to. 

Two cables, with 10 and 19 conductors, respectively, have 
been run through the subway from headquarters to the appa- 
ratus repair-shop. Nine new roof structures have been built, 
19 poles set, 39 structures removed, and 12 poles taken 
down since last report. 

The total amount of old wire taken down during the year 
is 589,230 feet : of this amount 195,000 feet were removed 



24 City Document No. 11. 

from the underground district for 1895, 204,700 feet from 
the 1894 district, and the remainder from other parts of the 
city. 

Plans were made and cables purchased early in the year 
'for completing the underground construction in the district 
prescribed for 1895. Before any part of this work had been 
done, however, a notice was received from the Commissioner 
of Wires that it would be necessary to make some changes 
in the original plans on account of conditions which were not 
considered at the time of the first arrangement. In conse- 
quence of this request the 61-conductor cable which was laid 
in 1894 was drawn out of the ducts in Tremont street, from 
Compton to LaGrange streets, through LaGrange and Beach 
streets to Harrison avenue, amounting to 3,659 feet. 

The cable thus removed was laid in other places entirely 
outside of the 1895 district, and a cable containing 19 con- 
ductors was bought and run in its place from the starting- 
point on Tremont street to a terminal box in the house of 
Police-station No. 4, on LaGrange street. In order to con- 
form to the new arrangements of the Wire Department it 
also became necessary to use smaller cables in some other 
portions of the proposed routes in the district ; consequently 
a cable with 37 conductors was purchased and laid, leaving 
the 61 conductors to be placed outside the district in connec- 
tion with the one which was drawn out as before mentioned. 

The total amount of cable of all kinds laid during the 
year, including the 61 conductor taken up from Tremont 
street, is 27,849.5 feet. 

These cables vary in their capacity, containing from 10 to 
61 conductors, and have been placed as follows : 

Kerite and okonite, 61 conductors, on Tremont, Berkeley, 
Beacon, Charles, Mt. Vernon, Joy, Myrtle, Derne, Bowdoin, 
Cambridge, and Court streets, Tremont row, Brattle, Ex- 
change, State, and Congress streets, — 13,005 feet. 

Kerite, 37 conductors, on Harrison avenue, Chauncy, 
Arch, Franklin, Pearl, Atlantic avenue, and High streets, — 
5,503.5 feet. 

Kerite, 19 conductors, on Tremont and LaGrange streets, 

— 3,408 feet. 

Clark, 10 conductors, on Winter, Essex, Appleton, and 
Eliot streets, including short leads and side connections, 

— 2,954.8 feet. 

Safety, 6 conductors, on Parkway, Jamaica Plain, — 
2,977 feet. 

They have been laid in ducts belonging to the New Eng- 
land Telephone Company, with the exception of 3,334 feet, 
which are placed in ducts constructed b} T this department. 



Fire Department. 25 

Twenty-one boxes and 13 department houses have been 
connected with the underground service in the past year. 

Nine of the boxes are located on streets, and the others 
are inside theatres, stores, and other buildings. 

Underground telephone service has been extended to boxes 
42, 56, 57, 61, 72, and 85, all of which are placed on lamp- 
posts in their respective locations. 

The total length of cables now underground is 55,900 
feet. 

Total length of conductors, 2,313,984 feet. 

They are laid in ducts, of which 43,520.8 feet belong to 
the Telephone Company and 7,890 feet to this department. 

The fire-alarm ducts are contained in 4,015 feet of con- 
duits, about one-half of which were built in the past year. 

Notwithstanding that the changes in the original plans 
above noted occasioned a large amount of extra labor and 
an increased expense in doing the undergound work, it was 
all completed within the time required by law, and all the 
overhead wires and abandoned structures have been taken 
down. 

The benefit of this extra work will be fully experienced 
when the territory in which it was done shall be included in 
a district to be designated by the Commissioner of Wires at 
some future time. 

The service has been uniformly successful during the year, 
no accidents to any portion of the cables having occurred of 
sufficient magnitude to materially interfere with their work. 

Neither have the overhead wires in the outlying districts 
been seriously affected by storms at any time, and, every- 
thing being considered, it may be said that the system has 
made a good record for itself since the last report. 

The force employed is as follows : 

Superintendent. 
Brown S. Flanders. 

Assistant Superintendent. 
Cyrus A. George. 

Operators. 
Charles M. Chaplin, James L. Gethins, 

Uzziel Putnam, Richard Donahue, 

James L. Crowley, Jona. M. Morris. 

k 

Assistant Operators. 
John B. Jeffers, John Flavell. 



26 City Document No. 11. 

Care of Dynamos. 
John Galway. 

Foreman of Construction. 
Hiram W. Chekrington. 

Repairers. 
G. J. H. Gutermuth, E. M. Illingworth, 

Wm, H. Barker, Jerry Hurley, 

Granville S. Mendell, Daniel F. McCarty, 
Issachar Wells, Peter M. Kendrick. 

A constant watch is kept at the headquarters, Bristol 
street, night and day, by the operators. Each set of oper- 
ators have assigned to them certain hours of duty, during 
which time they are responsible for the correct working of 
the apparatus in giving alarms, and all testing of the cir- 
cuits and other details pertaining to the service. No oper- 
ator is permitted to sleep during his watch, unless expressly 
relieved by some one else, and by consent of the Super- 
intendent. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for 
any mistakes that may occur at the office during his hours of 
duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each 
alarm, and of the station from which it originates, and all 
other necessary information. 

There are 572 fire-alarm boxes now in service. 

The following boxes are private property : 38 duplicate, 
115, 149, 152, 227, 228, 244, 271, 279, 281, 283, 299, 422, 
442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 511, 533, 617, 623, 624, 
626, 629, 698, 711, 714, 715, 716, 718, 722, 723, 724,725, 
726, 727, 728, 729, 731, 732, 733, 735, 737, 738, 739, 741, 
742, 744, 745, 746, 766, 778, 779, 789, 791, 792, 794, 795, 
796, 797, 799, 816, 838, 842, 919, 927, 974. 

Stock and Fixtures. 

Magnetic fire-alarm apparatus, the estimated value of 
which is $171,000. Working lines of wire, about 1,000 
miles ; signal-boxes in use, 572 ; striking-machines, 24 ; 
gongs, 125; box-gongs, 75; tappers, 3; local registers in 
department houses, 50 ; two clocks ; two four-dial repeating- 
machines for striking signals ; one old three-dial ditto ; relays, 
70; 1 fifty-pen register ; 1 ten-pen ditto; chime-bells, 10; 
other bells, 21; telegraph keys, 70; main circuit annun- 



Fire Department. 27 

ciators, 70 ; local ditto, 70 ; fuse-boards, 2 ; telephones in 
use, 103 ; 2 switch-boards ; 83 galvanometers ; 1 voltmeter ; 
1 mil-ammeter ; .1 rheostat and bridge ; 1 indicator ; 84 bat- 
tery rheostats ; 27 motor-generators ; 2 generator stands ; 1 
power-service board ; 1 distributing board ; 1 fire apparatus 
covering map ; 2 portable rheotropes ; 1 typewriter ; 1 copy- 
ing-press ; 1 safe ; 1 chronometer ; 1 set telegraphic appara- 
tus in Superintendent's house ; 5 sets telegraphic apparatus 
in assistants' houses; brackets, wire, insulators, etc., office 
furniture, bedsteads, bedding, and sundry small articles. 

Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells : 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, 2,009 lbs., owned 
by city. 

Chapman School-house, Eutaw street, East Boston, steel, 
3,109£ lbs., owned by city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting-House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs.,owmed by city. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house Xo 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, coinposi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton', steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 30, West Roxbury, 300 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 40, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 



28 City Document No. 11. 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs., owned by city. 
Lewis School-house, Dale street, Boston Highlands, compo- 
sition, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 

lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 

lbs., owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Fire-alarm Repair-shop, bell formerly used on house of 
Chemical Engine 5 ; one composition, 400 lbs., formerly 
used on house of Chemical Engine No. 4 ; on ecomposition, 
400 lbs. , formerly used on house of Chemical Engine No. 6 ; 
and two small bells from other locations. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 800 pounds. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

George-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 
4,160 lbs. 

Hook-and-Ladder House, No. 4, Dudley street, Boston High- 
lands, composition, 3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 
3,400 lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composi- 
tion, 3,110 lbs. 

Quincy School-house, Tyler, street, composition, 2,941 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Highlands, composition, 4,0c$3 
lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 
lbs. Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 



Fire Department. 29 

Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, forty in number, are taken 
care of by the Fire Department ; 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Lynde-street Church. 

Odd Fellows Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State-House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by city. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

Bigelow School-house, owned by city. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School-house, Washington Village, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Central Square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Boston Highlands. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Roxbury High School, owned by city. 

Dorchester. 
Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner) , owned by city. 
Neponset Church. 



30 City Document No. 11. 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Charlestown. 

Bunker Hill Church. 

City Hall, owned by city. 

Harvard Hill Church. 

High School-house, owned by city. 

Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church. 
Unitarian Church. 

Brighton. 

Bennett School-house, owned by city. 

After a year's experience here, I can heartily commend the 
officers and men of the department for uniform energy and 
intelligence in their work, and earnest endeavor to under- 
stand and carry out the requirements of the Commission. 

Your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Bussell, 

Commission er. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAE 1896-7. 




BOSTON: 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE, 

1897. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



FOB THE 



YEAR 1896-7 




BOSTON: 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE, 

1897. 



Office of the Fire Commissioner, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 15, 1897. 

His Honor Josiah Qunsrcv, Mayor: 

Sir : Again I can with much satisfaction call your atten- 
tion to the result of our work during the past year, as shown 
by the figures of losses sustained, our record being better 
than that of our sister cities, population considered ; but, 
while the conflagration, which may at any time attack us, 
has riot as yet assumed proportions beyond our control, we 
can only hope that continued good fortune may attend our 
efforts. As far as our finances would allow, after repairing 
and keeping the houses in good, order, the department has 
been strengthened by additional equipment and apparatus ; 
and, in my opinion, further improvement in that direction 
should be made before the department is enlarged b}^ addi- 
tional companies, excepting the one contemplated at Grove 
Hall, where land purchased for the purpose by the city is 
awaiting occupancy, and where the neighborhood needs pro- 
tection. Much expert advice has been received concerning 
the fire-alarm branch, and all but one of the practical sug- 
gestions have been adopted, the one exception calling for 
some $150,000, and relating to work which will be done by 
degrees as the wires are placed under ground. My opinion, 
formed during my first year's experience concerning the 
excellence and efficiency of this branch, has only been con- 
firmed by further knowledge of it ; for, while I cannot judge 
of the technical merits and faults of the system, I do well 
know that in doing its work of receiving and giving out 
alarms the practical results have been in every way most 
satisfactory, all statements to the contrary notwithstandi ng 



2 City Document No. 11. 

Besides the need of a piece of apparatus (combination wagon 
or ladder truck) for the neighborhood of Grove Hall, Dor- 
chester, I beg leave to urge the necessity of a new and 
enlarged house in place of that now occupied by Engine 30 
in West Roxbury, not only to provide decent quarters for 
the men and engine, but in order to make possible the 
strengthening of equipment much needed by this growing 
and widely scattered community. Nothing has been done 
for Ladder Company 13, on Washington, near Dover Street, 
the house of which is not only unsafe but a disgrace to the 
department and the city, as well as being too small for a 
company properly equipped for the work required. Again 
it is my duty to call your attention to the crying want of a 
veterinary hospital, and to ask that the 811,400 saved from 
the appropriation for building the new house for Ladder 12 
on Tremont Street be utilized for that purpose. But all pos- 
sible improvement in apparatus and equipment may in some 
cases be of little avail without the enforcement of more 
stringent building laws, in the past opposed bjr the very 
citizens who ought to be the first to insist upon the best. 



Fire Department. 



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City Document No. 11. 



Table No. 2. 

Showing the different Causes of Fires and Alarms, from 
February 1, 1896, to February 1, 1897. 

Alarms, accidental, automatic . 

" needless . . ■ . 

" false .... 

" out-of-town 
Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle 
Boiling over of tar or fat . 
Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc. 
Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. 

" " " fire . 

" " " pipe and cigars 
Chimneys, soot burning . 

" defective . 

Clothes too near stove 
Defective flue .... 

" stove-pipe 

" grate 

" furnace 

Electric motor igniting car 

" wires .... 
Explosion and igniting of chemicals 
Fireworks .... 
Friction ..... 
Fumigating .... 
Gas, explosion of . 

" ignition of leaky pipes 
" jet setting fire . 

" stove, careless use of and explosion 
Incendiary .... 

" supposed 
Kerosene lamp, explosion or breaking 
" " upsetting . 

" stove, careless use of and explosion 
Light mistaken for fire 
Lightning .... 
Matches and rats 

" careless use of . 

" children playing with . 
Naphtha, careless use of and ignition 
Overheated stove or furnace 

" steam-pipe or boiler 

" chimneys 



Fire Department. 



Overheated rheostat or thermostats . 


13 


Rekindling of ruins of previous fire . 


3 


Slacking of lime . . . . 


4 


Smoky chimney . 
" furnace or stove . 


31 
26 


Sparks from another fire . 


3 


" " furnace or stove . 


10 


" " chimney 

" " locomotive . . . . 


18 
42 


" " forge . 
Spontaneous combustion . 


10 

77 


Steam escaping . 

Unknown ..... 


11 
. 147 


Water-pipes, thawing out 
Wood in oven igniting 


42 

2 


Total 


. 2,066 


Total number of actual fires 


. 1,721 


Confined to one building . . 


. 1,320 


Extended to others .... 


48 


Wharves, vessels, grass, etc. . - . , 


. 353 


Out of the city. . 


14 


Buildings. 




Slightly damaged . . . 
Considerably damaged . . . . 
Totally destroyed .... 
Not damaged ...... 


.. 746 

. . 104 

33 

. 568 


Extinguished by 




Extinguishers ...... 


. 472 


Buckets of water . 


. 260 


Chemical engines 
Hydrant stream . 


. 241 
. 186 


Steamers ...... 


. 303 


Police ...... 


23 


Citizens ...... 


. 236 


Total . . 


. 1,721 


Organization. 





Fire Commissioner Henry S. Russell, appointed January 
21, 1895; term expires May, 1898. 
Benjamin F. Underbill, Jr., secretary. 



City Document No. 11. 



Chief of Department. 

Lewis P. Webber, Headquarters, Bristol street. 

First Assistant Chief, John W. Regan, Headquarters, 
Engine-house 26, Mason street. 

Second Assistant Chief and- Chief of District No. 4, Wm. 
T. Cheswell, Headquarters, Engine-house 4, Bulfinch street. 

Brown S. Flanders, Superintendent of Fire Alarms. 

Cyrus A. George, Assistant Superintendent of Fire 
Alarms. 



District Chiefs. 

Peter F. McDonough, Headquarters, 
C. H. W. Pope, 

John F. Egan, " 

John F. Ryan, " 

John A. Mullen, " 

Patrick E.. Keyes, " 

John Grady, " 

Edward H. Sawyer, " 

Willis ton A. Gay lord, " 

Nathan L. Hussey, " 

Lewis P. Abbott, " 
Henry M. Hawkins, 



Ladder-house 2. 
9. 



Engine-house 26. 

1. 

8. 

Ladder-house 12. 

4. 

Engine-house 18. 

41. 

» 28. 

Superintendent of Repair Shop. 



Eugene M. Byington, Asst. Superintendent of Repair Shop. 



Clerks. 

Wm. E. Delano, M. J. Lafferty, Geo. F. Murphy, James 

P. Maloney. 

D. J. Quinn, Messenger. 



Force and P ay-Roll. 



Commissioner 

Secretary 

Chief of Department 

First Assistant Chief 

Second " " 

Superintendent of Fire Alarms 

Assistant Supt. " " " . 

11 District Chiefs . 

Superintendent of Repair Shop 

Assistant Supt. " " " 

Veterinaiy Surgeon 



$5,000 per 


annum 


2,400 


it 


3,500 


it 


2,400 


tt 


2,200 


tt 


3,200 


tt 


2,000 


tt 


2,000 


tt 


2,000 


tt 


1,600 


tt 


1,800 


tt 



Fire Department. 



2 Clerks 


$900 per annum. 


1 Clerk 


1,000 


1 Clerk .... 


1,300 


1 Messenger .... 


1,000 


1 detailed man as Clerk, Repair 




Shop .... 


1,300 


51 Captains .... 


1,600 


57 Lieutenants 


1,400 


43 Engineers .... 


1,300 


40 Assistant Engineers . 


1,200 


431 Permanent men : 




288 at 


1,200 


42 » 


1,100 


46 « 


1,000 


55 " 


900 


1 Call Captain 


325 


88 Call men: 




27 at 


250 


61 " 


200 


1 Driver for Chief of Department . 


1.95 per day. 


2 Drivers for Assistant Chiefs 


1.75 « 


11 Drivers for District Chiefs 


1.75 « 


2 Watchmen 


1,000 per annum 


2 Hostlers, average 


2.10 per clay. 


Fire Alarm Fo] 


ICE. 


6 Operators .... 


•$1,600 per annum 


2 Assistant Operators . 


1,200 


1 Foreman of Construction . 


1,800 


1 Dynamo Man 


2.00 per day. 


16 Repairers, average 


2.81 " 


Repair Shop Empi 


,OYEES. 


1 Engineer .... 


13.00 per day. 


1 Assistant Engineer 


900 per annum 


1 Harness Maker . 


4.00 per day. 


2 Painters average 


3.12 « 


2 Wheelwrights average 


3.25 


6 Machinists, average . 


3.17 « 


4 Blacksmiths, average . 


3.19 » 


2 Blacksmiths helpers, average 


2.50 


4. Laborers .... 


1.94 " 



805 Total force. 



8 City Document No. 11. 

Fire Districts. 
The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District If. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park, and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 

The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter, and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle and Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue, and Berke- 
ley street. 

District 6. 

All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 

District 7. 

The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte, and Way streets, 
and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel and South 
bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and on the west 
by the Charles river. 

District 8. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by the old boundary line between Roxbury and 
West Roxbury, and on the west by the Brookline line, Bea- 
con and Deerfield streets. 



Fire Department. 9 



District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets, on the east by 
Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, Bow- 
doin, Olney, and Columbia streets, and on the west by Blue 
Hill avenue, Seaver and Washington streets. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Colum- 
bia, Olney, Bowdoin, Hancock, and Freeport streets, on the 
east by Dorchester bay, on the south by the Neponset river 
and the Hyde Park line, and on the west by Back street and 
Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 

All that part of Boston known as Brighton, and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by the old boundary line between Roxbury and 
West Roxbury and Seaver street, on the east by Blue Hill 
avenue and Back street, on the south by the Hyde Park and 
Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and Brookline 
lines. 

In all cases where streets are designated as boundaries, 
the centre of the street will be the dividing line. 



10 



City Document No. 11. 



Assignment of Districts. 

Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 





Chief in Command. 


Companies in Districts. 


District. 


Engines. 


"3S 
o 


O c3 

w 


o 

— 


a 

.Z ii 

- T. 

s 


- s 

m o 


1 

2 


Peter F. McDonough. . . 


5,9,11,40 

27,32,36* 

8, 25, 44 

*4, 6, 10 

7, *26, 35 

*1,2, 15,38,39,43 

*3, 22, 33 

13, 14, 37 

12, 21, 23, 24 

16, 17, *18, 19, 20. 

29, 34, *41 

*28. 30, 42, 45 


7 
9 

1, 11 
2 
8 
4 

3,12 
10 

6 

5 


#2 

*9 

*8, 14 

1 

17 

5 

3, 13, 15 

*12 

*4 

6,7 

11 

10,16 


3 


2 
1 




3 






4 

5 


Wm. T. Cheswell 


1 


6 






7 

8 




2 


9 

10 

11 

12 


Williston A. Gaylord.... 
Lewis P. Abbott 





* Headquarters of District Chief. 



Fire Department. 



11 



The following property is in charge of the Fire Com- 
missioner : 

Engine-Houses . 



No. 1 

2 

3 

4 



Dorchester street 

Cor. of O and Fourth streets 
Bristol st. and Harrison ave. 
Bulrineh street 



Marion street, E.B 

Leverett street 

East street 

Salem street 

Paris street, E.B 

River street 

Saratoga and Byron streets . 

Dudley street 

Cabot street 

Centre street 

Dorchester avenue 

River st., Dorchester Dist.. 

Meetinghouse Hill, Dorches- 
ter Dist 



Harvard street, Dor. Dist 

Norfolk street, " — 
Walnut street, " — 

Boston street, " — 

Dartmouth street 

Northampton street 

Cor. Warren and Quincy sts 
Fort Hill square 



Mason street 

Elm St., Charlestown Dist. . 



Centre street, W. Roxbury 
Disti'ict 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton 
District 



Mt. Vernon street, W. Rox- 
bury District 



Bunker Hill street. 



Cor. Boylston and Hereford 
streets 



5,«98 
4,000 
4,000. 
6,098 

1,647 
2,269 
1,893 
2,568 
4,000 
1,886 

10,000 
7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,843 

12,736 

9,450 
10,225 
7,683 
9,000 
9,355 
4,463 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 

5,623 
2,600 

10,377 

14,358 

16,275 



Ladder No. 3 in the building. 

Chemical Engine No. 1, Lan- 
cers' Armory, and water- 
tower in this building. 



Ladder No. 2 in this building. 



Ladder No. 6 in this building. 
Ladder-house No. 7 on this lot. 



Ladder No. 8 and Ladder No. 
14 in this building. 



Engine No. 35 in this building. 



Ladder No. 10 in this building. 
Ladder No. 11 in this building. 



Ladder No. 15 in this buildin s- 



12 



City Document No. 11. 
Engine-Houses . — Concluded. 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



Remarks. 



No. 33... 
34... 
35... 

36-37 
38... 

39... 

40... 

41... 
42... 

1... 

2. . . 
3... 

4... 
5... 

6.. . 

7... 

8... 

9... 
10.. 
11... 
12... 



Western ave., Brighton . 
Monument street 



Cor. Longwood and Brook 
line avenues 



Congress street 

Sumner St., East Boston 

Harvard ave., near Cam- 
bridge St., Brighton Dist. . . 

Washington street, between 
Atherton and Beethoven. . . 



Andrew square. 



Poplar St., cor. Washington, 
W. Roxbury 



Chemical-Engine Houses. 

Bulftnch street 

Church street 



Cor. Longwood and Brook- 
line avenues 



Shawinut avenue. 



Washington street, between 
Atherton and Beethoven. . . 

Harvard ave., near Cam- 
bridge St., Brighton Dist.. . 

Chelsea street, East Boston.. 

B street 

Main street 

Eustis street 

North Grove street 

Tremont street 



4,637 
5,668 

5,400 
4,000 
4,010 

6,112 

3,848 
5,133 



3,412 



1,346 
1,804 



1,754 
3,918 



Chem. Eng. 3 in this building. 



Cheni. Eng. 6 in this building. 
Chem. Eng. 5 in this building. 



Ladder No. 16 in this building. 



See Engine-house 4. 



See Engine-house 37. 



See Engine No. 42. 
See Engine No. 41. 



See Ladder-house 9. 



See Ladder-house Vf. 



Hose-House. 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



Winthrop street . 



3,000 



Fire Department. 



Combination-Wagon Houses. 



No. 1. 
2. 



Dorchester avenue, Ashmont. 
Fourth street 



No. of 
feet in lot. 



4,875 
3,101 



Hook-and-Ladder Houses. 



No. of 
feet in lot. 



No. 1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10, 
11. 

12, 
13, 
14, 
15, 
16 
17, 



Friend street 

Paris street, East Boston . 

Harrison avenue 

Dudley street 

Fourth street 

River street, Dorchester. . 

Meeting-house Hill 

Fort Hill square 

Main street, Charlestown . 
Centre street, W.R 



Chestnut Hill avenue, Brigh- 
ton District 



Tremont street 

Washington, near Dover st. 

Fort Hill square 

Boylston, cor. Hereford St. . 

Koslindale 

Harrison avenue 



1,676 



3,923 
2,469 



4,290 



4,350 
1,007 



See Engine-house 9. 
See Engine 3. 



See Engine-house 16. 
See Engine 17. 
See Engine Co. 25. 
Chemical 9 in this building. 
See Engine-house 28. 

See Engine-house 29. 
Chemical 12 in this building. 

See Engine-house 25. 
Engine 33 in this building. 
See Engine 45. 



' Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land. 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 feet of land. 

Headquarters Building and Repair-shop, corner of Albany 
and Bristol streets, 23,663 feet. 

Water Tower No. 2 and Wrecking Wagon are in Head- 
quarters Building. 

6,624 feet of land on Washington street, Dorchester, pur- 
chased as a site for a ladder-house. 



14 



City Document No. 11. 



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19 



New Apparatus purchased during the Year. 

2 second size Manchester Locomotive Works engines. 
1 first " " " " engine. 

1 one-horse chemical engine. 

2 two-horse hose wagons. 
2 District Chiefs' 



Hose. 

Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the 
year: 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 26,620 feet. 9,100 feet. 

" rubber, .... " 700 " 

Chemical, 1,000 " 300 » 

Suction, 184 » 137 « 



Totals, 27,804 « 



10,237 » 



Amount of hose in use and in storehouse February 1, 1897 : 





In Use. 


In Storehouse. 


Leading cotton, 


81,000 feet. 


10,500 feet. 


" rubber, 


2,700 « 


5,400 " 


Chemical, 


5,950 « 


1,300 « 


Suction, 


996 " 


233 " 



Totals, 90,646 



17,433 « 



Horses. 



Purchased during the year . 


. 47 


Sold or exchanged 


23 


Died 


4 


Killed, for cause . 


4 


Number in the department . 


. 287 



20 City Document No. 11. 



FIRE-ALARM BRANCH. 



Work of new construction, renewal and extension for the 
maintenance of the efficiency of the overhead wires of the 
Fire- Alarm service has been carried on as usual during the 
year. 

The new construction has been confined chiefly to Rox- 
bury and West Roxbury, the other work being done in such 
portions of the city as conditions required. 

About forty-five miles of new wire have been used and 
514,639 feet of old wire taken down. 

The underground district for 1896, as prescribed by the 
Commissioner of Wires, lies within the lines of the follow- 
ing streets : 

Beginning at the water, along Broad street to Franklin, 
Washington, Bro infield, Tremont, Court, Hanover, Washing- 
ton to Charlestown street, to the water. 

All work in this district was completed within the time 
required by law, with the exception of a small number of 
abandoned poles and roof fixtures that are to be removed in 
a short time. 

Some underground work has also been done outside the 
district. 

Cables with capacities varying from 10 to 61 conductors 
were used and laid in subways belonging to the New 
England Telephone Company, with the exception of 2,467 
feet, which were constructed by this department. Five 
man-holes have been built and 55 service connections made 
therewith. 



Total length of cables laid in district . 
Laid outside district .... 
Total length conductors in district 
Conductors outside district 
Total length cables now underground 
Total length conductors 



20,143 feet. 

5,190 

509,671 

91,976 

81,233 

2,915,631 



The underground service has been extended to 31 boxes 
and 3 department houses and 20 new boxes have been estab- 
lished during the year. 

There are 583 fire-alarm boxes now in service. 



Fire Department. 21 

The following' boxes are private property : 38 duplicate, 

115, 119, 149, 152, 161, 227, 228, 244, 271, 279, 281, 283, 

299, 358, 422, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 511, 533, 

617, 619, 623, 624, 626, 629, 698, 711, 714, 715, 716, 718, 

722,'724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 731, 733, 735, 737, 738, 

739, 741, 742, 744, 745, 746, 766, 769, 778, 779, 789, 791, 

792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 799, 816, 838, 842, 919, 927, 
967, 971, 974. 

Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells : 

Adams Schoobhouse, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, 2009 lbs., owned 
by city. 

Chapman School-house, Eutaw street, East Boston, steel, 
3,109^- lbs., owned by city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting-House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026, lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 30, West Roxbury, 300 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 40, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 
by city. 



22 City Document No. 11. 

Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs., owned by city. 
Lewis School-house, Dale street, Boston Highlands, composi- 
tion, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 

lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 

lbs., owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Fire-alarm repair shop, bell formerly used on house of 
Chemical Engine 5 ; one composition, 400 lbs., formerly 
used on house of Chemical Engine No. 4 ; one composition, 
400 lbs., formerly used on house of Chemical Engine No. 
6 ; and two small bells from other locations. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

George-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 
4,160 lbs. 

Hook-and-Ladder House, No. 4, Dudley street, Boston High- 
lands, composition, 3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel 3,400 
lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 
3,110 lbs. 

Quincy School-house, Tyler street, composition, 2,941 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Highlands, composition, 4,083 
lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 



Fire Department. 23 



Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, forty in number, are taken 
care of by the Fire Department : 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State-House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by city. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

Bigelow School-house, owned by city. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School-house, Washington Village, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Central Square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Boston Highlands. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Roxbury High School, owned by city. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by city. 
Neponset Church. 



24 City Document No. 11. 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Charlesbown. 

Bunker Hill Church. 

City Hall, owned by city. 

Harvard Hill Church. 

High School-house, owned by city. 

Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church. 

Unitarian Church. 

Congregational Church (Rosliudale), owned by city. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by city. 

To the officers and men of the department I can heartily 
express my entire satisfaction with the spirit and manner of 
their work, and thank them for their successful efforts 
to sustain our good name and reputation ; and I cannot too 
strongly express to yourself my gratitude for the uniformly 
generous support and confidence with which you have 
favored me. 

Your very obedient servant, 

Henky S. Russell, 

Commissioner. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1897-98 




BOSTON: 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE. 

1898: 



24 

Til 
Un 







Bt 



str 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1897-98. 




BOSTON: 
MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE. 

1898: 



Office of the Fire Commissioner, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 17, 1898. , 

His Honok Josiah Quincy, Mayor : 

Sir : Good fortune during the past year has enabled this 
department to again present a satisfactory showing ; and for 
how many years such fortune should have all credit for 
small fire losses I do not pretend to judge ; but there must 
be a point at which eternal vigilance and activity, good gen- 
eralship, zealous leaders and anxious followers and an ex- 
cellent and entirely successful system for receiving and 
transmitting alarms, together with thorough equipment and 
appliance for fire duty may claim at least a small share of 
credit for favorable results. But with all the vigilance, dis- 
cipline and equipment possible, we cannot hope to long retain 
our present record when citizens keep hot ashes in wooden 
barrels, or delay in giving us alarms until after they have let 
a small blaze grow to an incipient conflagration through their 
vain efforts to perform their own fire fighting ; or while real 
estate owners can legally build tinder boxes in the shape of 
tenement houses, or leave old wooden fire-traps standing in 
the midst of large and valuable buildings ; for some day, with 
bad luck and weather, we are sure to find ourselves burdened 
with heavy fire loss, unless our law-makers eradicate the 
existing evils, which may, at any time, postpone to the far 
future that millennium for underwriters which every fire de- 
partment should strive to establish. The wooden camps 
pitched in some of our outskirts, as well as much of South 
Boston, offer a tempting harvest for fire, and cannot fail to be 
gathered as soon as the conditions of wind and weather are 
favorable, in spite of all possible firemen and fire apparatus. 

The so-called fire-limit should, I think, be speedily drawn 
far beyond its present line in order to bring within the 
restriction of the building law that territory which at present 



2 City Document No. 13. 

is treated as a country district, and in reality is fast becoming 
a terror to all firemen. 

Nothing has knowingly been left undone which could in- 
crease the efficiency of this department or make the houses 
more healthy, serviceable and comfortable for the men ; and 
now a veterinary hospital is our only crying want, the old 
barn at present used for that purpose being the one' spot in 
our whole outfit not suitable for the important work required 
of it ; and I strongly recommend an additional ladder-truck 
for that part of our territory now covered by Engines 38, 39, 
on Congress street, for the reason that many large buildings 
have been erected in that vicinity, which, in case of need, 
would require nearer ladder service than at present afforded. 

The fire-boat (Engine 31) has not yet been accepted, be- 
cause she requires, in my opinion, some change in her engines 
to enable her to successfully cope with that class of fires 
which requires speed and quick handling ; and, therefore, the 
time for her completion has been extended to May. 

The underground 12-inch pipe for the salt water sys- 
tem has been laid for 3,800 feet through Congress street, 
Post Office square and Central street, still requiring some 
300 feet at a cost of about $7,500 to connect it at each end 
with the water where the fire-boats are expected to provide 
the power necessary to force water through the various hy- 
drants to a height equal to or beyond that attained by a 
street engine. 

Our two (2) horseless propellers have given very satisfac- 
tory proof of their ability to move speedily and handily 
through all conditions of streets, as well as of their power to 
throw extraordinary streams of water after reaching the 
scene of action. 

No fire-alarm box has failed to properly send in the alarm 
to these headquarters ; and, while six million five hundred 
thousand (6,500,000) blows have been struck on the various 
bells and gongs in transmitting alarms from these head- 
quarters to the different companies, the mechanical and 
electrical system has worked with such exact precision that 
no engine or ladder has been at any time seriously at fault in 
responding. 



Fire Department. 3 

I know of no case where the officers and men have not 
done excellent work when called upon, and trust Your 
Honor shares my confidence that, barring accidents and mak- 
ing allowance for the fallibility of man, our department will 
continue to deserve the good-will of our fellow-citizens, 
which, during the past week, has been made so apparent 
through the sympathy and help extended by them to the 
families of our six men who lost their lives while on duty at 
the recent fire in Merrimac street. 

Organization. 

Commissioner, Henry S. Russell, appointed January 
21, 1895 ; term expires May, 1898. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Underhill, Jr. 

Chief of Department, Lewis P. Webber, Headquarters, 
Bristol street. 

Assistant Chief, William T. Cheswell, Headquarters, 
Engine-house 26, Mason street. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 6, John 
A. Mullen, Headquarters, Engine-house 1, Dorchester 
street. 

Superintendent of Fire Alarms, Brown S. Flanders. 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire Alarms, Cyrus A. 
George 

Consulting Electrician, Henry F. Cottle. 

Superintendent of Repair Shop, Henby M. Hawkins. 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair Shop, Eugene M. 
Byington. 

Veterinary Surgeon, George W. Stimpson. 

Medical Examiner, Rue us W. Sprague. 

Purchasing Officer, Charles A. Straw. 

Storekeeper, Geobue R. Knight. 

Clerks. 

Wm. E. Delano, M. J. Lafferty, Geo. F. Murphy, James P. 

Maloney. 

D. J. Quinn, Messenger. 

District Chiefs. 

John F. Ryan, Headquarters, Ladder-house 2. 

C H. W. Pope, " "9. 



City Document No. 13. 



Joseph M. Garrity, Headquarters, 

Peter F. McDonough, " 

Nathan L. Hussey, " 

Patrick E. Keyes, " 

John Grady, " 

Edward H. Sawyer, " 

Williston A. Gaylord, " 

George F. Griffin, "■ 

Lewis P. Abbott, " 



Ladder-house 8. 

Engine-house 4. 

26. 

3. 

Ladder-house 12. 

4. 

Engine-house 18. 

41. 

28. 



Force and Pay-Roll. 



Commissioner 
Secretary . 
Chief of Department 
First Assistant Chief 
Second " " . 

Superintendent of Fire Alarms 
Assistant Supt. " " " 

Consulting Electrician 
Superintendent of Repair Shop 
Assistant Supt. " " " 
Veterinary Surgeon 
Medical Examiner 
Purchasing Officer 
Storekeeper 
2 Clerks 
1 Clerk. 
1 Clerk. 
1 Messenger . 

11 District Chiefs 

54 Captains 

62 Lieutenants 

43 Engineers . 

46 Assistant Engineers 

454 Permanent men 
297 at 

39 " 

52 « 

37 « 

29 " 



92 



1 

26 

65 

1 



at 



Call 



Driver for Chief of Department 



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annum 


2,400 


44 


3,500 


44 


2,400 


u 


2,200 


u 


3,200 


u 


2,000 


ct 


800 


44 


2,000 


u 


1,600 


44 . 


1,800 


44 


600 


u 


1,600 


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1,400 


IC 


900 


44 


1,000 


44 


1,300 


44 


1,000 


44 


2,000 


44 


1,600 


a 


1,400 


a 


1,300 


a 


1,200 


a 


1,200 


(4 


1,100 


44 


1,000 


44 


900 


44 


720 


44 


325 


44 


250 


44 


200 


44 


1.95 per 


day. 



Fire Department. 



2 Drivers for Assistant Chiefs 

10 Drivers for District Chiefs . 

2 Watchmen . . . . 

2 Hostlers, average 

Fire Alarm Force. 

6 Operators . 

2 Assistant- Operators . 

1 Foreman of Construction 

1 Dynamo man 

18 Repairers, average 



1.75 per clay. 
1.75 
1,000 per annum. 
2.10 per clay. 



£1,600 per annum. 
1,200 
1,800 
2.00 per day. 

2.83 



Repair Shop Employees. 



1 Engineer 

1 Assistant Engineer 

1 Harness-maker . 

2 Painters, average 
2 Wheelwrights, average 
6 Machinists, average 
4 Blacksmiths, average . 
2 Blacksmiths' helpers, average 
4 Laborers .... 



$3.00 per day. 
9.00 per annum. 
4.00 per day. 
3.12 
3.25 
3.17 
3.19 
2.50 
1.94 



849 Total force. 

Fire Districts. 

The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District If. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 



City Document No. 13. 



District 5. 



The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle and Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue and Berke- 
ley street. 

District 6. 

All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 

District 7. 

The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte and Way 
streets, and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel 
and South bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and 
on the west by the Charles river. 

District 8. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by Atherton and Mozart streets, Chestnut 
avenue, Sheridan and Centre streets, Hyde square, Perkins, 
Catalpa and Castleton streets, across Jamaicaway to the 
Brookline line, and on the west by the Brookline line, 
Beacon and Deerfield streets. 

District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets, on the east 
by Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, 
Bowdoin, and Quincy streets, Columbia road, and on the 
west by Seaver street, Columbus avenue and Washington 
street. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Seaver 
street, Columbia road, Quincy, Bowdoin, Hancock, and 
Freeport streets, on the east by Dorchester bay, on the 
south by the Neponset river ami the Hyde Park line, and on 
the west by Harvard street and Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 
All that part of Boston known as Brighton, and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 



Fire Department. 7 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by a line from the Brookline line across Jamaica- 
way to Castleton street, through Castleton, Catalpa and Per- 
kins streets, Hyde square, Centre and Sheridan streets, 
Chestnut avenue, Mozart and Atherton streets, Columbus 
avenue and Seaver street, on the east by Blue Hill avenue 
and Harvard street, on the south by the Hyde Park and 
Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and Brookline 
lines. 

In all cases where streets are designated as boundaries, 
the centre of the street will be the dividing line. 

Assignment of Districts. 
Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 





Chief in Command. 


Companies in Districts. 


District. 


Engines. 


"3 9 
2 to 

c a 

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m 




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5, 9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 36 

8, 25, 44 

*4, 6, 10 

7, *26, 35 

*1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

*3, 22, 33 

13, 14, 37 

12, 21, 23, 24 

16, 17, *18, 19, 20 

29, 34, *41 

*28, 30, 42, 45 


7 
9 

1, 11 
2 

8 

4 

3,12 

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1 

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*12 

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11 

10,16 


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1 




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5 

6 

7 

8 


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Joseph M. Garrity 

Peter F. McDonough . 

Patrick E. Keyes 


1 
2 


9 

10 

11 

12 


Edward H. Sawyer 

Williston A. Gaylord.. 
George F. Griffin 





* Headquarters of District Chief. 

The following-named members have received medals from 
the Massachusetts Humane Society for saving life at fires 
during the year : 

Captain John I. Quigley, Engine Company 4. 

Hoseman John Hogan, Engine Company 4. 

Ladderman James F. Bailey, Ladder Company 17. 



8 City Document No. 13. 

The following property is in charge of the Fire Com- 
missioner: 

Houses. 



Location. 


No. of feet 
in lot. 


Occupied by. 




5,698 
4,000 




1. 


Corner of O and Fourth streets 


Engine 


2. 


Bristol street and Harrison avenue . . 


4,000 


Engine 


3 and Ladder 3. 




6,098 


Engine 






1,647 


Engine 


5. 




2,269 
1,893 
2,568 


Engine 


6. 




7. 




Engine 


8. 




4,720 
1,886 


Engine 
Engine 






10. 




10,000 
7.320 










12. 




4,832 




13. 




5,713 
2,843 
12,736 


Engine 
Engine 
Engine 


14. 




15. 


River street, Dorchester District. . . . 


16 and Ladder 6. 


Meeting-house Hill, Dorchester Dist.. 


9,450 


Engine 17 and Ladder-house 7 on 
this lot. 


Harvard street, Dorchester District. . 


10,225 


Engine 


18. 


Norfolk street, " 


7,683 


Engine 


19. 


Walnut street, " 


9,000 


Engine 


20. 


Boston street, " 


9,355 


Engine 


21. 




4,463 


Engine 


22. 




3,445 

4,186 




23. 


Corner Warren and Quincy streets.. 


Engine 


24. 




4,175 
5,623 
2,600 












Elm street, Charlestown District 


Engine 


27. 


Centre street, West Roxbury District, 


10,377 


Engine 


2S and Ladder 10. 


Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton District, 


14,358 


Engine 


29 and Ladder 11. 


Mt. Vernon St., W. Roxbury District, 


16,275 


Engine 


30. 


Bunker Hill street - 


8,188 




32. 


Corner Boylston and Hereford sts 


5,646 


Engine 


33 and Ladder 15. 




4,637 




34. 




5,668 


Engine 


36 and Combination 5. 



Fire Department. 
Houses. — Concluded. 



So. of feet 
in lot. 



Occiipied by. 



Cor. Longwood and Brookline aves. . 

Congress street 

Sumner street, East Boston 

Harvard avenue, near Cambridge st., 
Brighton District 

Washington street, between Atherton 
and Beethoven 

Andrew square 

Poplar street, cor. Washington, West 
Roxbury 

Church street 

Shawmut avenue 

Chelsea street, East Boston 

B street 

Eustis street 

North Grove street 

Winthrop street 

Friend street 

Dudley street 

Fourth street 

Main street, Charlestown 

Tremont street 

Washington, near Dover street. . . . 

Harrison avenue 

Dorchester avenue, Ashmont 

Fourth street 



5,400 
4,000 
4,010 

6,112 

3,848 
5,133 

14,729 
3,412 
889 
1,346 
1,804 
1,754 
3,918 
3,000 
1,676 
3,923 
2,469 
4,290 
4,350 
1,007 
2,134 
4,S75 
3,101 



Engine 37 and Chemical 3. 
Engine 38 and Engine 39. 
Engine 40. 

Engine 41 and Chemical 6. 

Engine 42 and Chemical 5. 
Engine 43 and Combination 3. 

Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 
Chemical Engine 2. 
Chemical Engine 4. 
Chemical Engine 7. 
Chemical Engine 8. . 
Chemical Engine 10. 
Chemical Engine 11. 
Hose 3. 
Ladder 1. 
Ladder 4. 
Ladder 5. 

Ladder 9 and Chemical 9. 
Ladder 12 and Chemical 12. 
Ladder 13. 
Ladder 17. 
Combination 1. 
Combination 2. 



Fuel-house, Dorchester street, 1,610 feet of land. 

Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land. 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 feet of land. 

Headquarters Building and Repair-shop, corner of Albany 
and Bristol streets, 23,663 feet. 

Water Tower No. 2 and Wrecking Wagon are in Head- 
quarters Building. 

6,874 feet of land on Washington street, Dorchester, pur- 
chased as a site for a ladder-house, which is now in process 
of construction. 

12,251 feet of land on Centre street, West Roxbury, pur- 
chased as a site for Engine-House 30, which is now in pro- 
cess of construction. 



10 



City Document No. 13. 



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15 



Ladder Trucks. — In Reserve. 



Description. 


Builders. 




Weight as 

drawn to 

Fires. 


Relief C, formerly old No 2. 
Relief A, old 3 






Lbs. 
8 375 


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Abbott-Downing Co. . . 


9 535 


Old Ladder 11 


8,065 





16 



City Document No. 13. 





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17 



New Apparatus Purchased duping the Year. 

2 double-extra first-size self-propelling steam fire-engines. 

3 large sized hose-wagons. 

2 traverse-runner pungs. 

3 combination chemical and ladder trucks. 
1 fire-alarm wagon. 

1 platform gear-wagon. 



Hose. 

Amount of hose purchased and condemned during tht 
year : 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 10,400 feet. 12,000 feet. 

rubber, 4,800 " 1,200 " 

Chemical, — " 400 ■■" 

Suction, 68 " 141 " 



Totals, 15,268 " 



13,741 » 



Amount of hose in use and in storehouse, February 1, 
1898: 



In Use. 

Leading cotton, 77,400 feet. 

" rubber, 6,450 " 

Chemical, 6,750 " 

. Suction, 948 " 


In Storehouse. 

12,250 feet 
5,200 " 
350 " 

258 " 


Totals, 


91,548 " 
Horses. 


18,058 " 



Purchased during the year 
Sold or exchanged 
Died . . ' . ■ . 
Killed, for cause . 
Number in the department 



76 

33 

1 

5 

324 



18 



City Document No. 13. 



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19 



Causes of Fires and Alarms, from Feb 


fuary 


1, 1897, to 


February 1, 1898. 


Alarms, accidental, automatic ... 41 


" false 






24 


" out-of-town 






21 


Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle 






26 


Back draft ..... 






1 


Boiling over of tar or fat . 






30 


Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc. 






. 278 


Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. . 






51 


" " " pipe and cigars 






36 


Chimneys, soot burning . 






70 


" defective 






27 


Clothes too near stove 






16 


Defective flue ..... 






.8 


" stove-pipe 






9 


" grate .... 






3 


" furnace . . . 






2 


" sprinkler . 






1 


Electric motor igniting car 






25 


" wires . . . . . 






78 


Explosion and ignition of chemicals . 






16 


Fireworks ..... 






35 


Friction ...... 






4 


Fumigating ..... 






3 


Gas, explosion of 






5 


" ignition of leaky pipes 






8 


" jet setting fire .... 






44 


'" stove, careless use of and explosion 






14 


Incendiary ..... 






38 


" supposed 






18 


Kerosene lamp, explosion or breaking 






91 


" " upsetting 






37 


" stove, careless use of, and explo 


sion 




59 


Light mistaken for fire 






20 


Lightning ..... 






1 


Matches, and rats ..... 






26 


" careless use of . . . . 






94 


" children playing with . 






51 


Naphtha, careless use of and ignition 






12 


Overheated stove or furnace 






64 


" steam-pipe or boiler 






15 


" chimneys 






6 


Use of kerosene to light fire 






5 


Drying plastering ..... 






12 



20 



City Document No. 13. 



Rekindling of ruins of previous fire . 


4 


Slacking of lime .... 
Smoky chimney . . . . . 
" furnace or stove . . . . 


7 
49 
41 


Sparks from another fire . 


2 


" " furnace or stove . 


11 


" " chimney 

" " locomotive . . . . 


26 
33 


" " forge . . . . . 


8 


Spontaneous combustion . 


40 


Steam escaping . . . . . 
Unknown ...... 


8 
219 


Water-pipes, thawing out 
Plumbers' stove upsetting 


. . 17 

7 


Total . . 


. 1,877 


Total number of actual fires 


. 1,577 


Confined to one building . 


. 1,270 


Extended to others .... 


29 


Wharves, vessels, grass, etc. 


. 278 


Out of the city .... 


. . 21 


Buildings. 




Slightly damaged .... 
Considerably damaged 
Totally destroyed .... 
Not damaged ..... 


. 717 

72 

20 

. 530 


Extinguished by 




Extinguishers ..... 
Buckets of water . . * 


. 355 

. 260 


Chemical engines .... 


. 237 


Hydrant stream .... 
Steamers . . 


. 165 

. 278 


Police ...... 


7 


Citizens ...... 


. 275 



Total 



1,577 



Fieb Department. 21 



FIRE-ALARM BRANCH. 



The efficiency of the overhead service has heen improved 
during the past year by the construction of a new circuit in 
West Roxbury, with which a portion of the boxes in that 
district have been connected. There were used for this work, 
including some renewals and extensions in other parts of the 
city, 129,360 feet of wire. Old wire taken down in 1897, 
underground district, 67,380 feet ; outside district, 93,050 
feet. 

The underground district for 1897, as prescribed by the 
Commissioner of Wires, lies within the lines of the follow- 
ing streets : 

Beginning at Warren bridge, along Charlestown street to 
Washington, Hanover, Court, Tremont, Park, Beacon, Joy 
and Cambridge streets to Charles river. 

All work within this district was practically completed in 
the time designated, and in addition to this nearly as much 
cable has been laid outside, chiefly on Tremont street, south 
of Dover street, and in some streets on the Back Bay. 

The cables used have been from ten to thirty-seven con- 
ductors, and are laid in ducts belonging to the New England 
TelejDhone Company, with the exception of 4,911 feet, which 
are owned by this department. 

"Total length of cables laid in district . 13,016.4 feet. 

Length of conductors .... 365,621.5 

Cables laid outside district . . . 12,876.1 

Length of conductors .... 246,736.4 

Total length cables now underground . 107,125.5 

Total length conductors .... 3,527,988.9 

The underground service has been extended to thirty-eight 
boxes, twenty of which are placed on lamp-posts, two depart- 
ment houses, two police stations, and an emergency station 
of the Boston Elevated Railway Company, on Portland street. 
Eight testing stations have been established, four manholes 
built and forty-one service connections made, twenty-two of 
the latter being done outside the district. 

All the fire-alarm boxes north of Dover and Berkeley 
streets are now connected with the underground service, with 
the exception of boxes 95 and 766. There have been 966 



22 City Document No. 13. 

bell alarms given during the j^ear which required 6,506,684 
blows to be struck by the various apparatus of the system. 
Nineteen new boxes have been established, making a total of 
601 boxes now in service. 

The following boxes are private property : 38 duplicate, 
115, 119, 149, 152, 161, 165, 227, 228, 244, 271, 279, 281, 
283, 299, 358, 422, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 511, 
533, 617, 619, 623, 624, 626, 629, 698, 711, 714, 715, 716, 
718, 722, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 733, 735, 737, 738, 
739, 741, 742, 744, 745, 746, 766, 769, 778, 779, 789, 791, 
792, 793, 794, 797, 799, 816, 836, 838, 842, 864, 865, 919, 
927, 967, 971, 974. 

Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells: 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, 2,009 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Chapman School-house, Eutaw street, East Boston, steel, 
3,109^ lbs., owned by city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting-House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition. 4,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 30, West Roxbury, 300 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 40, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 



Fere Department. 23 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 

by city. _ - 

Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs., owned by city. 
Lewis School-house, Dale street, Boston Highlands, com- 
position, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Fire-alarm repair shop, bell formerly used on house of 
Chemical Engine 5 ; one composition, 400 lbs., formerly 
used on house of Chemical Engine No. 4 ; one composi- 
tion, 400 lbs., formerly used on house of Chemical Engine 
No. 6 ; and two small bells from other locations. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

George-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 
4,160 lbs. 

Hook-and-Ladder-House, No. 4, Dudley street, Boston High- 
lands, composition, 3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 
3,400 lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composi- 
tion, 3,110 lbs. 

Quincy School-house, Tyler street, composition, 2,941 lbs. 

^Smith-street School-house, Highlands, composition, 4,083 lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 



24 City Document No. 13. 



Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, thirty-nine in number, are 
taken care of by the Fire Department : 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State-House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, corner Hanover and Clark streets, 

owned by city. 
Shawmut-avenue Church. 
Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 
Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

Bigelow School-house, owned by city. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School-house, Washington Village, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Central Square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Roxbury. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by city. 
Neponset Church. 



Fire Department.. 25 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Charlestown. 

Bunker HiU Church. 

City Hall, owned by city. 

Harvard Hill Church. 

High School-house, owned by city. 

Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church. 

Unitarian Church. 

Congregational Church (Roslindale), owned by city. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by city. 

Your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Russell, 

Commissioner. 



v 6 i 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAE 1898-99 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PKINTING OFFICE 

1899 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



FOB THE 



YEAE 1898-99 




BOSTON 
MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

189 9 






4,^6-c^^v-c-Jr 



live. 



( v , I *U » , 



r 



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I 



Headquarters Fire Department, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 8, 1S99. 

His Honor Josiah Qulncy, Mayor: 

Sir, — While, by the good fortune which has favored this 
department during recent years, we are again able to show a 
fair result of last year's work, I regret to point to the dangers 
referred to in my last report as in no degree lessened, and 
can only hope that by continued vigilance and promptness, 
.we may, at least, postpone that conflagration at all times 
threatening through the presence of fire-traps and tinder- 
boxes in many parts of the territory supposed to be pro- 
tected by this department. 

The salt-water service from Atlantic avenue through 
Congress street, Post Office square and Central street, to 
Central Wharf has been perfected, with hydrants, electrical 
connections, etc., complete, to be used by the two fire-boats 
when needed to prevent conflagrations, if possible, in the 
district covered, but not for ordinary fire duty, and if it is 
deemed advisable to extend such service which, on trial, has 
proved eminently successful in throwing some 3,000 gallons 
per minute to the height of a ten (10) story building, I 
would recommend that a 16-inch pipe be laid from Central 
Wharf through Atlantic avenue, India and Franklin to Con- 
gress street, from Congress street through Atlantic avenue, 
Summer, Bedford, Chauncy, Summer, Hawley and Milk 
streets to Congress street to cover a thickly-congested terri- 
tory to which, at any time, we may be called to fight a con- 
flagration. 

The new house for Engine 30 on Centre street, West 
Roxbury, John A. Fox, architect, was occupied on June 1, 
to the satisfaction of all concerned, and on November 8, the 
company for Combination 6 was organized and established 
in new quarters at Grove Hall, Dorchester, Perkins &Betton, 
architects, much to the relief of a long-expectant neighbor- 
hood. 



2 City Document No. 13. 

The second fire-boat, Engine 31, after many trials, is now 
in service, and owing to her small draft of some four feet 
is able to protect the shallow portions of our water front 
beyond the reach of the deeper boat. 

I would strongly urge that our wires of the Fire-alarm 
branch be placed under ground from Dover street bridge to 
Tremont street, up Tremont to Roxbury, from Roxbury 
to Washington, down Washington to Eustis, from Eustis to 
Harrison avenue, down Harrison avenue to Northampton, 
through Northampton to Albany, down Albany to the point 
of starting. And also in Charlestown from Warren bridge 
through City square to Park street, through Park to Henley, 
through Henley to Chelsea, through Chelsea street to Chelsea 
bridge, inasmuch as the storms of the past year have clearly 
demonstrated the advantage of such action, both for economy 
and for the efficiency of this very important branch of the 
department. 

But little new construction work has been done by this 
branch in the past year, owing to the fact that nearly the 
whole of the underground work called for in the district for 
1898, as prescribed by the Commissioner of Wires, was com- 
pleted during the season of 1897, bounded as follows : Be- 
ginning at Charles river, by Cambridge, Joy, Beacon and 
Charles streets, Park square, Columbus avenue, Ferdinand 
street, Castle square, Tremont and Berkeley streets back to 
the river. 

This completes the underground district as originally pre- 
scribed by act of the Legislature, passed in 1894. 

The electrical service established in connection with the 
salt-water pipe-line system consists of a circuit contained in 
a five conductor cable, drawn through ducts that were laid hi 
the same trench as the water-pipes and at the same time ; the 
circuit thus constructed is connected with a break key en- 
closed at each post hydrant, also with a device by which tele- 
graphic instruments can be placed in circuit at any time ; so, 
by making use of the first the prescribed signal code can be 
transmitted to the fire-boat station by any one, and, by the 
other, messages of any character may be sent by men 
trained for the purpose. 



Fire Department. 3 

The circuit is also extended to the fire-alarm headquarters 
by which communication is established between headquarters, 
the boat-station and any hydrant that may be connected at 
the time. 

Two thousand, five hundred and sixty feet of cable, con- 
taining 27,800 feet of conductors, were used in this con- 
struction. 

Much extra work was caused by the two heavy storms of 
the year ; that of January 31 was especially disastrous to 
the overhead service, as the wires, poles and fixtures erected 
for their support were broken, torn down, and otherwise 
demoralized to a greater extent than ever occurred on any 
previous occasion since the fire-alarm system was established. 

The damage resulting from the November storm was much 
less in extent, but a great amount of emergency work was 
made necessary by it before the circuits were restored to 
their normal condition. 

The whole fire-alarm system has continued to show its 
excellence through alarm-boxes and transmitters, the former 
never failing to properly send in the alarms, while the latter, 
in sending them out, has struck 7,300,000 blows without 
serious mistakes in directing the engines and other apparatus. 

Referring to my report of last year, I would again recom- 
mend that an additional ladder company be placed in the 
territory adjacent to Engines 38-39, on Congress street, to 
provide necessary ladder service for the many large buildings 
in that neighborhood. 

Several of the outlying districts have received increased 
protection through additional horses and chemicals in the 
companies at present protecting them, and I cannot see the 
necessity of providing new companies for such districts, 
although I well know that every new hamlet prefers to de- 
pend on the protection of the Fire Department, rather than on 
that of insurance companies, and after pitching their wooden 
camps expect the city to provide adjacent engines and other 
fire apparatus. 

Of the officers and men throughout the department, I 
can speak only in terms of praise for the vigilance and 
zeal shown on all occasions, as well as for their interest in 



4 City Document No. 13. 

maintaining a high standard of discipline and conduct as 
firemen and citizens. 

Organization. 

Commissioner, Henry S. Russell ; term expires May, 
1901. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Underhill, Jr. 

Chief of Department, Lewis P. Webber. 

Assistant Chief, William T. Cheswell. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 6, John 
A. Mullen. 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Brown S. Flanders. 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Cyrus A. 
George. 

Consulting Electrician, Henry F. Cottle. 

Superintendent of Repair-shop, Henry M. Hawkins. 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop, Eugene M. 
Byington. 

Hydraulic Engineer, Greely S. Curtis. 

Veterinary Surgeon, George W. Stimpson. 

Medical Examiner, Rupus W. Sprague. 

Purchasing Officer, Charles A. Straw. 

Storekeeper, George R. Knight. 

Foreman of Hose and Harness Shop, Patrick B. 
Hannon. 

Clerks. 

Wm. E. Delano, M. J. Lafferty, Geo. F. Murphy, James P. 
Maloney, D. J. Quinn. 

District Chiefs. 

John F. Ryan, Headquarters, Ladder-house 2. 

C. H. W. Pope, « « 9. 

Joseph M. Garrity, " "8. 

Peter F. McDonough, " Engine-house 4. 

Nathan L. Hussey, " " 26. 

Patrick E. Keyes, " " 3. 

John Grady, " Ladder-house 12. 

Edward H. Sawyer, " " 4. 

Williston A. Gaylord, " Engine-house 18. 

George F. Griffin, " " 41. 

Lewis P. Abbott, " " 28. 



Force and Pay-roll. 



Commissioner 

Secretary 

Chief of Department 

First Assistant Chief 

Second " " 



$5,000 per annum, (less 7i per cent.) 
2,400 " " " 

3,500 • 
2,400 
2,200 " 



Fire Department. 



Superintendent of Fire-alarms 
Assistant Superintendent of Fire 

alarms .... 
Consulting Electrician . 
Superintendent of Repair-shop 
Assistant Superintendent of Re 

pair-shop 
Hydraulic Engineer 
Veterinary Surgeon 
Medical Examiner 
Purchasing Officer 
Foreman of Hose and Harness 

shop 
Storekeeper 

1 Clerk 

2 Clerks 
1 Clerk 
1 " 

11 District Chiefs 
54 Captains 
63 Lieutenants . 
43 Engineers 
43 Assistant Engineers 
2 

441 Permanent men. 

308 at . 

51 at . 

42 at . 

40 at . 

88 Call men. 
1 at . 
20 at . 
67 at . 

1 Driver for Chief of Departs 

ment .... 

2 Drivers for Assistant Chiefs 
11 Drivers for District Chiefs 

2 Watchmen 

2 Hostlers, average . 



$3,200 per annum. 



2,000 

800 

2,000 

1,600 
1,400 
2,000 
600 
1,600 

1,400 
1,400 
1,000 
1,100 
1,200 
1,500 
2,000 
1,600 
1,400 
1,300 
1,200 
900 

1,200 

1,100 

1,000 

900 

325 
250 

200 



1.95 per day. 
1.75 
1.75 

1,000 per annum. 
1.98 per day. 



(less 7^ per cent.) 



Fire-alarm Force. 



6 Operators 

2 Assistant Operators 

1 Foreman of Construction 

1 Dynamo man 

17 Repairers, average 



[?1,600 per annum. 
1,200 
1,800 

2.75 per day. 
2.93 



Repair-shop Employees. 

i per day. 
per annum 
per day. 



1 Engineer 


. $3.00 


1 Assistant Engineei 


900 


1 Painter . 


3.75 


1 Painter . 


2.50 


2 Wheelwrights 


3.25 


4 Machinists 


3.25 


2 


3.00 


2 Blacksmiths . 


3.50 


1 Blacksmith . 


3.25 


1 


2.50 


2 Blacksmith's helpe 


>rs . . 2.50 


4 Laborers, average 


2.05 


833 Total force. 





(less 5 per cent.) 
(less 7^ per cent. ) 

(less 5 per cent. ) 
(less 7i per cent.) 

(less 5 per cent.) 
(less H per cent.) 

(less 5 per cent.) 



6 City Document No. 13. 

Fire Districts. 
The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District If.. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by winter, Park and- Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 

The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle and Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue and Berke- 
ley street. 

District 6. 

All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 

District 7. 

The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte and Way 
streets and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel 
and South bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and 
on the west by the Charles river. 



Fire Department. 



District 8. 



The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by Atherton and Mozart streets, Chestnut 
avenue, Sheridan and Centre streets, Hyde square, Perkins, 
Catalpa and Castleton streets, across Jamaicaway to the 
Brookline line, and on the west by the Brookline line, 
Beacon and Deerfield streets. 



District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets, on the east 
by Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, 
Bowcloin, and Quincy streets, Columbia road, and on the 
west by Seaver street, Columbus avenue and Washington 
street. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Seaver 
street, Columbia road, Quincy, Bowcloin, Hancock, and 
Freeport streets, on the east by Dorchester bay, on the 
south by the Neponset river and the Hyde Park line, and on 
the west by Harvard street and Blue Hill avenue. 



District 11. 

All that part of Boston known as Brighton, and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 



District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by a line from the Brookline line across Jamaica- 
way to Castleton street, through Castleton, Catalpa and Per- 
kins streets, Hyde square, Centre and Sheridan streets, 
Chestnut avenue, Mozart and Atherton streets, Columbus 
avenue and Seaver street, on the east by Blue Hill avenue 
and Harvard street, on the south by the Hyde Park and 
Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and Brookline 
lines. 

In all cases where streets are designated as boundaries, 
the centre of the street will be the dividing line. 



City Document No. 13. 



Assignment of Districts. 



Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 





Chief in Command. 


Companies in Districts. • 


District. 


Engines. 


o'Sb 
a a 

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John V. Kyan 

C. H.W.Pope 

Joseph M. Garrity. . . 
Peter P. McDonough, 
Nathan L. Hussej- . . . 

John A. Mullen 

Patrick E. Keyes 


5,9,11,40 

27, 32, 36 

S, 25, 31, 44 

*4, 6, 10 

7, * 26, 35 

* 1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

* 3, 22, 33 

13, 14, 3.7 

12,21,23,24 

16, 17, * 18, 19,20 

29, 34, * 41 

*28, 30,42, 45 


9 

1, 11 
2 
8 
4 

3, 12 
10 

6 

5 


*2 

*9 

*8, 14 

1 

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5 

3, 13, 15 

*12 

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6,7 

11 

10, 16 


4 
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2,3 

6 

1 




2 




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4 


1 


5 




6 






2 


8 




9 


Edward H. Sawyer.. 
Williston A.Gaylord, 
George F. Griffin .... 
Lewis P. Abbott 




10 




11... 

12 









* Headquarters of District Chief. 

The following property is in charge of the Fire Com- 
missioner : 

Houses. 



Location. 


No. of feet 
in lot. 


Occupied by. 




5,698 
4,000 
4,000 
6,098 
1,647 
2,269 
1,893 
2,568 
4,720 


Engine 1. 

Engine 2. 

Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 

Engine 4, Chemical 1 and Tower 1. 

Engine 5. 


Bristol street and Harrison avenue. . . 
Marion street, East Boston 




Engine 7. 
Engine 8. 











Fire Department. 
Houses. — Continued. 



No. of feet 
in lot. 



Occupied by. 



River street. 



Saratoga and Byron streets, East 
Boston 



Dudley street 

Cabot street 

Centre street 

Dorchester avenue 

River street, Dorchester District 

Meeting House Hill, Dorchester Dist. 

Harvard street, Dorchester District.. 
Norfolk street, " 

Walnut street, " 

Columbia road, " 

Dartmouth street 

Northampton street 

Corner Warren and Quincy streets. .. 

Fort Hill square 

Mason street 

Elm street, Charlestown District 

Centre street, West Roxbury District, 
Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton District. 
Centre street, West Roxbury District. 
Bunker Hill St., Charlestown District, 

Corner Boylston and Hereford sts 

Western avenue, Brighton 

Monument st., Charlestown District. 
Cor. Longwood and Brookline aves.. 

Congress street 

Sumner street, East Boston 



Harvard avenue, near Cambridge st. 
Brighton District 



Washington street, between Atherton 
and Beethoven 



Andrew square. 



Poplar, cor. Washington street, West 
Roxbury 



Church street 

Shawmut avenue. 



1,886 

10,000 
7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,843 

12,736 
9,450 

10,225 
7,683 
9,000 
9,355 
4,463 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 
5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 
8,188 
5,646 
4,637 
5,668 
5,400 
4,000 
4,010 

6,112 

3,848 
5,133 

14,729 
3,412 



Engine 10. 

Engine 11 and Combination 4. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder-house 7 on 
this lot. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 22. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25, Ladder 8 and Ladder 14. 

Engine 26 and Engine 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30. 

Engine 32. 

Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 

Engine 34. 

Engine 36 and Combination 5. 

Engine 37 and Chemical 3. 

Engine 38 and Engine 39. 

Engine 40. 

Engine 41 and Chemical 6. 

Engine 42 and Chemical 5. 
Engine 43 and Combination 3. 

Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 
Chemical Engine 2. 
Chemical Engine 4. 



10 



City Document No. 13. 



Houses. — Concluded. 



Location. 


No. of feet 
in lot. 


Occupied by. 




1,346 
1,804 
1,754 
3,918 
1,676 
3,923 
2,469 
4,290" 
4,350 
1,007 
2,134 
4,875 
3,101 
6,874 
3,000 


Chemical Engine 7. 
Chemical Engine 8. 










Chemical Engine 11. 






















Washington, near Dover street 


Ladder 13. 




Combination 1. 
Combination 2. 


Washington street, Dorchester 


Combination 6. 
Combination 7. 







Fuel-house, Dorchester street, 1,610 feet of laud 

Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land. 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 feet of land. 

Headquarters building and repair-shop, corner of Albany 
and Bristol streets, 23,663 feet. 

Water Tower No. 2 and Wrecking Wagon are in Head- 
quarters building. 

Old house of Engine 30, on Mt. Vernon street, West 
Roxbury, 16,275 feet of land. 



Fike Department. 



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17 



New Apparatus Purchased During the Year. 

2 combination chemical and ladder trucks. 
4 pairs 35-gallon chemical tanks. 

1 combination steel Babcock chemical and hose-wagon. 

2 large sized hose-wagons. 

Hose. 

Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the year : 



Purchased 






Condemned 


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7,750 feet 


" rubber, 


2,000 


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9,304 " 



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11,600 feet. 


" rubber, 


8,800 


i< 


3,200 " 


Chemical, 


8,400 


u 


500 " 


Suction, 


936 




244 " 


Totals, 


94,886 


15,544 " 



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Purchased during the year 


61 


Sold or exchanged . 


31 

8 

11 


uiett ..... 

Killed for cause 


Number in the department 


. 335 



18 



City Document No. 13. 







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Fire Department. 



19 



Causes of Fires and Alarms from February 1, 1898, to 
February 1, 1899. 

Alarms, accidental, automatic . . . . 73 

" false 2*6 

" out-of-city . . . . . . 10 

Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle . . . . . 27 

Back draft ..." 2 

Boiling over of fat or tar ...... 33 

Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc. ...... 179 

Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. .... 35 

" " " pipes and cigars in smoking ... 47 

Chimneys, soot burning . . . . . . 95 

" defective ....... 17 

" overheated ....... 4 

" collapse of . . . . . . . 1 

Clothes too near stove . . . . . . . 11 

Collapse of buildings ....... 1 

Defective flue . . . . . . . . 11 

" stove-pipe ....... 3 

" grate or fire-place ...... 8 

" furnace ........ 2 

' ' sprinkler ... . . . . 3 

Electric motor igniting car . . . . . . 17 

" wires ........ 65 

Explosion and ignition of chemicals .... 9 

Fireworks ..:...... 37 

Friction ......... 1 

Fumigating ......... 4 

Gas, explosion of ....... . 9 

" ignition of leaky pipes . . . . . . 9 

" jet setting fire ....... 59 

Ignition of dust in blower ...... 4 

Incendiary . . . . . . . . . 26 

" supposed . . . . . . . 18 

Lamp, explosion . . . . . . . . 67 

" upsetting and breaking . . . '. . .104 

Light mistaken for fire . . . . . . .15 

Lightning . ........ 2 

Matches and rats . . . . . . . . 30 

" " children 78 

" careless use of . . . . . . 107 

Monkey throwing sawdust in lamp . . . . . 1 

Naphtha, careless use of, and ignition . . . . 24 

Oil stove " " " " explosion .... 72 

Gas stove " " " " " . . . . 3 

Plastering, drying ........ 6 

Overheated boiler or steam-pipe . . . . . 16 



20 



City Document No. 13. 



Overheated oven ... 










5 


" stove or furnace . 








55 


Railroad whistle blowing for flag raising 








1 


Rekindling of ruins of previous fire 








2 


Plumber's stove upsetting 








9 


Slacking of lime 










5 


Smoky chimneys . 










34 


" stove or furnace . 










53 


Sparks from another fire 










1 


u 


' furnace or stove . 










12 


cc 


' chimney 










27 


u 


forge . 










10 


u 


' a gun 










1 


a 


' engine or locomotive 










25 


Spontaneous combustion - . 










39 


Steam escaping 










13 


Street fight .... 










2 


Testing-box .... 










1 


Test-alarm .... 










1 


Team striking and breaking box 










1 


Unknown .... 










274 


Use of kerosene to light fire . 










4 


Water-pipes, thawing out 










33 


" " busting of 










1 


Total .... 


1,980 


Total number of actual fires . 










1,699 


Confined to one building 










1,409 


Extended to others 










39 


Wharves, vessels, grass, etc. . 










241 


Out of the city 










10 


Buildings. 


Slightly damaged . . . . . . . .797 


Considerably damaged . . . . . . .103 


Totally destroyed 24 


Not damaged ........ 564 


^^— 


Extinguished by 


Extinguishers 425 


Buckets of water ....... 


253 


Chemical engines ....... 


282 


Hydrant stream ....... 


141 


Steamers ........ 


294 


Miscellaneous, brooms, stamping out and smothering 


58 


Citizens ........ 


236 


Total . . . . 


1,689 



Fike Department.' 21 

The following Fire-alarm boxes are private property: 115, 

119, 149, 152, 161, 165, 212, 227, 228, 244, 271, 279, 281, 

283, 299, 358, 422, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 511, 

533, 617, 619, 623, 624, 626, 629, 698, 711, 714, 715, 716, 

718, 722, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 731, 732, 733, 735, 

737, 738, 739, 741, 742, 744, 745, 746, 766, 767, 769, 773, 

778, 779, 789, 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 797, 799, 816, 828, 
838, 842, 864, 865, 919, 927, 967, 971, 974. 

Alakm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells : 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, composition, 2,009 
lbs., owned by city. 

Chapman School-house, Eutaw street, East Boston, steel, 
3,1 09^ lbs., owned by city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house, Mt. Vernon street, West Roxbury, steel, 1,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 40, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 
by city. 



22 City Document No. 13. 

Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Lewis School-bouse, Dale street, Boston Highlands, composi- 
tion, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 

lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Fire-alarm repair-shop, bell formerly used on house of 
Chemical Engine 5 ; one composition, 400 lbs., formerly 
used on house of Chemical Engine No. 4 ; one composi- 
tion, 400 lbs., formerly used on house of Chemical Engine 
No. 6, and two small bells from other locations. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 2,911 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs., owned by city, taken down 
and stored by Public Buildings Department. 

George-street School-house, Boston Highlands, composition, 
4,160 lbs. 

Hook-and-Ladcler House No. 4, Dudley street, Boston High- 
lands, composition, 3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 3,400 
lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 
3,110 lbs. 

Quincy School-house, Tyler street, composition, 2,941 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Highlands, composition, 4,083 
lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs.. 



Fire Department. 23 



Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, thirty-nine in number, are 
taken care of by the Fire Department: 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by city. 

Shawmut-A venue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

JBigelow. School-house, owned by city. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School-housf, Washington Village, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Central-square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Boston Highlands. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by city. 
Neponset Church. 



24 City Document No. 13. 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Charlestown. 
Bunker Hill Church. 
City Hall, owned by city. 
Harvard Hill Church. 
High School-house, owned by city. 
Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 
Dr. Strong's Church. 
Unitarian Church. 
Congregational Church (Roslindale), owned by city. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by city. 

Your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Russell, 

Commissione?-. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIEE DEPAKTMENT 



YEAR 1899-1900 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PKINTING OFFICE 

1900 



j!) ANNUAL REPORT 



FIEE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1899-1900 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

1900 



1 irCMrMw *. T 



I )oo 



Headquarters Fire Department, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 14, 1900. 

His Honor Thomas N. Hart, Mayor: 

Sir, — While the losses by fire for last year exceed those 
of several years passed, we can derive some satisfaction from 
the fact that there were 2,444 alarms, with an attendant loss 
of $1,630,149, averaging $677.27; while in 1898, 1,980 
alarms with a loss of $1,441,261 averaged -$727.90. In 
sending out these alarms from headquarters 9,792,000 
electric blows have been necessary, while for the previous 
year 7,355,000 blows did the work ; and it is unnecessary 
for me to say that the successful work done by the depart- 
ment in handling this number of fires, increased in magnitude 
as well as in number, has strengthened my confidence in the 
hope that the dreaded conflagration against which we are 
daily preparing may still be delayed through the activity and 
zeal of our officers and men and the increased strength of our 
apparatus. 

The fire-alarm branch of the department deserves much 
praise for its successful work in receiving and transmitting 
this unusual number of alarms during the past year ; there 
having been no important failure in any part of the intricate 
system established and maintained by it. There are 624 fire- 
alarm boxes in service from which all information of fires is 
received, and in which there has been only one failure during 
the year ; the total length of wire conductors now under- 
ground is 761 miles with some 800 miles of wire stretched 



2 City Document No. 15. 

on poles, and I hope that during all future years we may be 
able to place an additional amount below ground until the 
whole system is so covered. 

I cannot too often or too strongly impress on our fellow- 
citizens the necessity of outside standpipes on high buildings, 
for adequate fire-escapes and for a change in the so-called 
fire limit for preventing the erection of wooden buildings, 
which now in our country districts offer tempting food for 
conflagration and disaster. 

In my opinion the principle on which the department has 
been conducted during the last five years has, by its results, 
proved itself a good one, our efforts having been devoted to 
strengthening the force within its present limits, rather than 
enlarging it by additional houses and companies at necessarily 
a great expenditure of money ; and to-day I cannot recom- 
mend any additional houses, other than one for a ladder truck 
to be located near the present engine-house of companies 
38-39 on Congress street, South Boston, for the protec- 
tion of the many large buildings lately placed in that 
vicinity. 

While I appreciate the possible advantage of the salt-water 
system already extending from Central Wharf up Central 
street through Post Office Square and Congress street to 
Atlantic avenue, I feel that property-owners should equip 
their buildings with outside standpipes, made available to the 
apparatus of this department, before the city should be 
called on to lay out much money on the further adoption of 
that system. 

Organization. 

Commissioner, Henry S. Russell ; term expires May, 
1901. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Underhill. 

Chief of Department, Lewis P. Webber. 

Assistant Chief, William T. Cheswell. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 6, John 
A. Mullen. 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Brown S. Flanders. 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Cyrus A. 
George. 

Consulting Electrician, Henry F. Cottle. 

Superintendent of Repair-shop, Henry M. Hawkins. 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop, Eugene M. 
Byington. 

Hydraulic Engineer, Greely S. Curtis. 

Veterinary Surgeon, George W. Stimpson. 



Fere Department. 3 

Medical Examiner, Rufus W. Sprague. 
Purchasing Officer, Charles A. Straw. 
Storekeeper, George R. Knight. 

Foreman of Hose and Harness-shop, Patrick B. 
Hannon. 

Clerks. 

William E. Delano, M. J. Lafferty, George F. Murphy, 
James P. Maloney, D. J. Quinn. 



John F. Ryan, 
C. H. W. Pope, 
Joseph M. Garrity, 
Peter F. McDonough, 
Nathan L. Hussey, 
Patrick E. Keyes, 
John Grady, 
Edward H. Sawyer, 
Williston A. Gaylord, 
George F. Griffin, 
Lewis P. Abbott, 



District 


Chiefs. 




gad quart 


ers, 


Ladder-house 2 


it 




9 


tt 




8 


It 

u 




Engine-house 4 
26 


u 




3 


(C 




Ladder-house 12 


u 




4 


a 
tt 




Engine-house 18 
41 


u 




28 



Force and Pay-roll. 

Commissioner 

Secretary . 

Chief of Department 

First Assistant Chief 

Second " " 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms 

Superintendent of Repair-shop 

Asst. " " " 

Hydraulic Engineer 

Veterinary Surgeon 

Medical Examiner 

Purchasing Officer 

Foreman of Hose and Harness Shop 

Storekeeper 

1 Clerk 

1 « 

O tt 



. $5,000 


i>er 


annum 


. 2,400 


« 


u 


. 3,500 


a 


u 


. 2,400 


tt 


a 


. 2,200 


tt 


(i 


. 3,200 


u 


u 


, 2,000 


a 


it 


. 2,000 


tt 


u 


. 1,600 


a 


(( 


. 1,400 


u 


(1 


. 2,000 


tt 


u 


600 


a 


u 


. 1,600 


u 


u 


. 1,400 


u 


u 


. 1,400 


u 


u 


. 1,500 


" 


(4 


. 1,200 


u 


1( 


. 1,100 


u 


it 


. 1,000 


" 


it 



City Document No. 15. 



11 District Chiefs 


. $2,000 per 


annum. 


53 Captains . 


. 1,600 " 


65 Lieutenants . 


. 1,400 " 


44 Engineers . ... 


. 1,300 " 


43 Assistant Engineers 


. 1,200 " 


3 " " 


. 1,000 " 


459 Permanent men. 




341 at 


. 1,200 " 


42 at 


. 1,100 " 


39 at 


. 1,000 " 


28 at 


900 " " 


9 at 


720 " " 


86 Call-men. 




1 at 


325 « 


18 at 


250 " " 


67 at 


200 " " 


2 Drivers for Assistant Chiefs 


1 75 per day. 


11 Drivers for District Chiefs 


. 1 75 » 


2 Watchmen 


. 1,000 per annum 


3 Hostlers (average) . 


1 95 per day. 


1 Horse-shoer . 


. 3 00 « 


Fire-alarm I 


'ORCE. 


6 Operators 


. $1,600 per annum 


2 Assistant Operators 


. 1,200 » 


1 Assistant Operator . 


2 75 per day. 


1 Foreman of Construction 


1,800 per annum 


17 Repairers (average) 


. 2 93 per day. 


Repair-shop Em 


PLOYEES. 


1 Sanitary Engineer . 


. $1,300 per annum 


1 Engineer 


. 3 00 per day. 


1 Assistant Engineer 


. 2 50 ' 




1 Painter .... 


. 3 75 ' 




1 "... . 


. 2 50 ' 




2 Wheelwrights 


. 3 25 ' 




4 Machinists 


. 3 25 ' 




2 ... 


. 3 00 ' 




2 Blacksmiths . 


. 3 50 ' 




1 Blacksmith 


. 3 25 ' 




1 ... 


. 2 50 ' 




2 B lacks mith's-helpers 


. 2 50 ' 




1 Hose and harness-repairer 


. 1 50 < 




4 Laborers, (average) 


. 2 10 ' 




854 Total force. 




/ 



Fire Department. 5 

Fire Districts. 

The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charles town. 

District 3. 
The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District Jj.. 
The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 
The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle and Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue and Berke- 
ley street. 

District 6. 
All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 

District 7. 
The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte and Way 
streets and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel 
and South bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and 
on the west by the Charles river. 

District 8. 
The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by Atherton and Mozart streets, Chestnut 
avenue, Sheridan and Centre streets, Hyde square, Perkins, 
Catalpa and Castleton streets, across Jamaicaway to the 
Brookline line, and on the west by the Brookline line, 
Beacon and Deerfield streets. 



6 City Document No. 15. 

District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets, on the east 
by Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, 
Bowdoin, and Quincy streets, Columbia road, and on .the 
west by Seaver street, Columbus avenue and Washington 
street. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Seaver 
street, Columbia road, Quincy, Bowdoin, Hancock, and 
Freeport streets, on the east by Dorchester bay, on -the south 
by the Neponset river and the Hyde Park line, and on the 
west by Harvard street and Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 
All that part of Boston known as Brighton and extending 
east as far, as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by a line from the Brookline line across Jamaica- 
way to.Castleton street, through Castleton, Catalpaand Per- 
kins streets, Hyde square, Centre and Sheridan streets, 
Chestnut avenue, Mozart and Atherton streets, Columbus 
avenue and Seaver street, on the east by Blue Hill avenue 
and Harvard street, on the south by the Hyde Park and 
Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and Brookline 
lines. 

In all cases where streets are designated as . boundaries, 
the centre of the street will be the dividing line. 



Fire Department. 



Assignment of Districts. 



Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 





Chief of Command. 


Companies in Districts. 


District. 


Engines. 


r-1 J) 

g a 
3 n 
o 


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M d 

Oh-} 

o 
K 


O OJ 

£ ft 


si 


1 


John F. Ryan 

C H. W. Pope 

Joseph M. Garrity. . . 
Peter F. McDonough, 
Nathan L. Hussey. .. 

John A. Mullen 

Patrick E. Keyes — 


5, 9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 36 

8, 25, 31, 44 

*4, 6, 10 

7,* 26, 35 

* 1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

* 3, 22,33 

13, 14, 37 

12, 21, 23, 24 

16, 17, *18, 19, 20 

29, 34, * 41 

*28, 30, 42, 45 


9 

1 

2 
8 
4 
3,12 
10 

6 
5 


*2 

*9 

*8, 14 

1 

17 

5 

3, 13, 15 

*12 

*4 

6,7 

11 

10, 16 


4 

5, 7 

8 
2,3 

6 
1 




2 




3 




4 


1 


5 




6 




7 


2 


8 




9 


Edward H. Sawyer.. 
WillistonA. Gay lord, 
George F. Griffin . . . 
Lewis P. Abbott 




10 




11 




12 









* Headquarters of District Chief. 

The following property is in charge of the Fire Com- 
missioner : 

Houses. 



Location. 


No. of 

feet in 

lot. 


Assessed 
Valuation. 


Occupied by 




5,698 
4,000 
4,000 
6,098 

1,647 
2,269 
1,893 
2,568 
4,720 
1,886 


$25,800 
16,400 
30,000 
90,000 

9,000 
35,000 
35,400 
18,300 
28,600 
19,600 


Engine 1. 
Engine 2. 
Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 


Bristol street and Harrison avenue . . 




Tower 1. 
Engine 5. 










Engine 8. 













City Document No. 15. 



Houses. — Continued. 



No. of 

feet in 

lot. 



Assessed 
Valuation, 



Occupied by 



Saratoga and Byron streets, East 
Boston 

Dudley street 

Cabot street 

Centre street 

Dorchester avenue 

River street, Dorchester District 

Meeting House Hill, Dorchester Dist., 

Harvard street, Dorchester District. . 
Norfolk street " " .. 

Walnut street " " 

Columbia road " " 

Northampton street 

Corner Warren and Quincy streets .. 
Fort Hill square 

Mason street 

Elm street, Charlestown District 

Centre street, West Roxbury District, 
Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton District, 
Centre street, West Roxbury District, 
Bunker Hill st., Charlestown District, 
Corner Boylston and Hereford sts. . . 

Western avenue, Brighton 

Monument St., Charlestown District.. 

Cor. Longwood and Brookline aves.. 

Congress street 

Sumner street, East Boston 

Harvard avenue, near Cambridge St., 
Brighton District 

Washington street, between Atherton 
and Beethoven 

Andrew square 

Poplar, corner Washington street, 
West Roxbury 

Church street 

Shawmut avenue 

Chelsea street, East Boston 



10,000 

7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,813 
12,736 
9,450 

9,440 
7,683 
9,000 
12,661 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 

5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 
8,188 
5,646 
4,637 
5,668 

5,400 
4,000 
4,010 

6,112 



$37,500 

24,900 
16,000 
14,600 
18,700 
18,500 
17,300 

17,800 
14,200 
9,200 
18,300 
13,200 
18,100 
77,700 

113,000 
18,000 
28,300 
37,200 
24,700 
26,200 
66,000 
17,800 
21,000 

12,600 
34,000 
18,000 

25,500 



3,848 


22,900 


5,133 


20,100 


14,729 


18,700 


3,412 


23,600 


8S9 


5,700 


1,346 


10,400 



Engine 11 and Combina- 
tion 4. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder- 
house 7 on this lot. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25, Ladder 8 and 
Ladder 14. 

Engine 26 and Engine 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30. 

Engine 32. 

Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 

Engine 34. 

Engine 36 and Combina- 
tion 5. 

Engine 37 and Chemical 3. 

Engine 38 and Engine 39. 

Engine 40. 

Engine 41 and Chemical 6. 

Engine 42 and Chemical 5. 

Engine 43 and Combina- 
tion 3. 

Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 
Chemical Engine 2. 
Chemical Engine 4. 
Chemical Engine 7. 



Flee Department. 



Houses. — Concluded. 



No. of 

feet iu 

lot. 


Assessed 
Valuation. 


1,804 


$7,800 


1,754 


7,600 


1,676 


32,400 


3,923 


25,900 


2,469 


See Engine 
1. 


4,290 


18,000 


4,350 


25,700 


1,007 


13,100 


2,134 


25,500 


4,875 


22,400 


3,101 


11,000 


6,874 


21,400 


3,000 


13,200 


3,918 


18,000 



Occupied by 



B street 

Eustis street 

Friend street 

Dudley street 

Fourth street 

Main street, Charlestown 

Tremont street 

Washington, near Dover street 

Harrison avenue 

Dorchester avenue, Ashmont . . 

Fourth street 

Washington street, Dorchester 

Winthrop street 

North Grove street 



Chemical Engine 8. 
Chemical Engine 10. 
Ladder 1. 
Ladder 4. 
Ladder 5. 

Ladder 9 and Chemical 9. 

Ladder 12 and Chemical 
12. 

Ladder 13. 

Ladder 17. 

Combination 1. 

Combination 2. 

Combination 6. 

Combination 7. 

Combination 8. 



Assessed Valuation. 

Fuel-house, Dorchester street, 1,610 feet of 

land $3,300 00 

Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land . 3,200 00 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 

feet of land 7,000 00 

Headquarters building and repair-shop, corner 

of Albany and Bristol streets, 23,663 feet . 185,000 00 

Engine No. 22, Water Tower No. 2 and 
Wrecking Wagon are in Headquarters 
building ....... 

Old house of Engine 30, on Mt. Vernon street, 

West Roxbury, 16,275 feet of land . . 5,400 00 

Veterinary Hospital, Atkinson street, 64,442 

feet of land " . . . . . . 39,110 00 

7,500 feet of land on Warren avenue, pur- 
chased as a site for new house for Engine 22, 18,600 00 



10 



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Fere Department. 



IT 



New Apparatus purchased during the Year. 

2 pairs 35-gallon chemical tanks for ladder-trucks. 

1 large-sized hose-wagon. 

1 combination ladder and chemical engine. 

Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the 
year: 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 4,250 feet 8,050 feet. 

rubber, 2,100 » 2,350 « 

Chemical, 2,000 « 850 « 

Suction, 76 " 58 " 



Totals, 



8,426 



11,308 " 



Amount of hose in use and in store February 1, 1900. 



In use. 


In store. 


Leading cotton, 78,050 feet. 


7,200 feet 


" rubber, 8,450 " 


2,600 « 


Chemical, 8,950 " 


1,200 " 


Suction, 946 " 


152 » 



Totals, 



96,396 



11,152 « 



Horses 

Purchased during the year 
Sold or exchanged 
Died . ... 
Killed for cause . 
Number in the department 



43 

18 

3 

7 

350 



18 



City Document No. 15. 



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Fire Department. 



19 



Causes of Fires and Alarms from February 1, 1899, 
to February 1, 1900. 



Alarms, accidental, automatic .... 


81 


" false . . • . . . . 


23 


" out-of-city ...... 


24 


Accidental breaking of box . ." . . 


2 


Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle ... 


28 


Back draft ....... 


1 


Boys setting off cannon crackers 


1 


Boiling over of fat or tar ..... 


34 


Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc., set by boys . 


283 


Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. . 


58 


" " " pipes and cigars in smoking 


34 


" " " fire . . . . . 


3 


" " " blow-pipe ..... 


1 


Chimneys, soot burning ..... 


97 


" defective ...... 


32 


" overheated ..... 


6 


Chinaman being robbed 


1 


Clothes too near stove ..... 


10 


Defective flue . . . . . 


6 


" stove-pipe . . 


3 


" grate or fireplace .... 


6 


" furnace ...... 


2 


" sprinkler . . . . . 


2 


Electric motor igniting car .... 


20 


" wires . . - . . . 


37 


Explosion and ignition of chemicals . 


9 


Fireworks ....... 


61 


Friction ........ 


7 


Fumigating ....... 


2 


Gas, explosion of ..... . 


2 


" ignition of leaky pipes .... 


3 


" jet setting fire ...... 


58 


Incendiary ....... 


43 


" supposed ..... 


18 


Lamp explosion ...... 


69 


" upsetting and breaking .... 


116 


Light mistaken for fire . . . ... 


16 


Lightning 


1 


Matches and rats ...... 


29 


" " children 


87 


" careless use of 


138 


Meat burning on stove ..... 


3 


Naphtha, careless use of, and ignition 


11 



20 



City Document No. 15. 



Oil stove, careless use of, and explosion . 


67 


Gas stove, " " " " " 


10 


Overflow of sewer-pipe .... 


1 


Plastering, drying ..... 
Overheated boiler or steam-pipe 


5 
11 


" coke ..... 


2 


" motor ..... 


1 


" oven ..... 


5 


" stove or furnace 


67 


Rekindling of ruins of previous fire . . ' 
Plumber's stove upsetting 
Slacking of lime ..... 
Smoky chimneys . . 

" stove or furnace .... 


4 

6 

3 

42 

47 


Sparks from another fire . 


24 


" " furnace or stove . 


26 


" " chimney .... 
" " forge ..... 
" " a flash-light .... 
" " engine or locomotive 


34 

6 
1 

76 


Spontaneous combustion .... 


57 


Steam escaping ..... 

Street fight ...... 

" Stop thief," mistaken for call of "fire " . 


5 
1 
1 


Testing-box ...... 


L 


Trench caving in .... . 
Unknown ...... 


1 

. 439 


Upsetting of stove ..... 
Use of kerosene to light fire 


2 
2 


Water-pipes, thawing out .... 
Wood drying in oven .... 


26 

2 


Total . . . . 


. 2,443 


Total number of actual fires . . 


. 2,130 


Confined to one building .... 


. 1,673 


Extended to others ..... 


52 


Wharves, vessels, grass, etc. 


. 405 


Out of the city ..... 


24 


Buildings. 
Slightly damaged ...... 

Considerably damaged .... 

Totally destroyed ..... 

Not damaged ....... 


. 965 

. 139 

37 

. 684 



Fire Department. 21 

Extinguished by 
Extinguishers . . . • • • • .469 

Buckets of water ....... 252 

Chemical engines ....... 407 

Hydrant stream ....... 222 

Steamers ......... 386 

Miscellaneous, brooms, stamping out and smothering, 118 

Citizens 273 

Sprinklers ........ 3 



Total 2,130 

Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells : 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, composition, 2,009 
lbs., owned by city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 

Engine-house, Mt. Vernon street, West Roxbury, steel, 1,000 
lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 40, Orleans street, East Boston, composi- 
tion, 817 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 
by city. 

Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Lewis School-house, Dale street, Boston Highlands, composi- 
tion, 3,104 lbs., owned by city. 



22 City Document No. 15. 

Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 

lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Berkeley Temple, composition, 2,941 lbs. Formerly used on 
Quincy School-house. 

Chapman School-house, steel, 3,109£ lbs., taken down and 
stored by Public Buildings Department. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 2,911 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 21, Boston street, Dorchester, composition, 
3,026 lbs. 

Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs. 

Hook-and-ladder House No. 4, Dudley street, Boston High- 
lands, composition, 3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 3,400 
lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 
3,110 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Highlands, composition, 4,083 
lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 



Fibe Department. 23 



Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, thirty-eight in number, are 
taken care of by the Fire Department : 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows' Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by city. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South, Boston. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School- house, Washington Village, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Central-square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Boston Highlands. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by city. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by city. 
Neponset Church. 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 



24 City Document No. 15. 

Charlestown. 
Bunker Hill Church. 
City Hall, owned by city. 
Harvard Hill Church. 
High School-house, owned by city. 
Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 
Dr. Strong's Church. 
Unitarian Church. 
Congregational Church (Roslindale), owned by city. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by city. 

The following Fire-alarm boxes are private property : 115, 

149, 152, 161, 163, 164, 165, 212, 227, 228, 244, 271, 279, 

281, 283, 299, 342, 358, 422, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 

449, 495, 511, 533, 617, 619, 623, 624, 629, 698, 711, 714, 

715, 716, 718, 722, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 731, 732, 

733, 735, 737, 738, 739, 741, 742, 744, 745, 746, 755, 758, 

759, 762, 766, 767, 769, 773, 778, 779, 789, 791, 792, 793, 

794, 795, 797, 799, 816, 828, 838, 842, 864, 865, 919, 927, 
967, 969, 971, 974. ' 

Your obedient servant, 

Hekry S. Russell, 

Commissioner. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIEE DEPAKTMEOT 



YEAR 1900-1901 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

1901 



. 



& 



<f 
w 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIKE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1900-1901 






BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

1901 






'T 



Fire Commissioner, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 20, 1901. 

His Honor Thomas N. Hart, Mayor: 

Sir, — No radical change has been made in this Depart- 
ment during the last year ; the practice of strengthening, as 
far as possible, the present locations by equipment, rather 
than by the building of new houses for new companies, has 
been followed ; and, in my opinion, should be adhered to for 
some years to come, inasmuch as the present Department is 
sufficient to provide reasonable protection in the various 
districts ; and it does not seem fair to expect the City to 
furnish engine and ladder companies for the purpose of pro- 
viding the outlying districts with that protection which is 
necessary to prevent conflagrations in the business quarters. 
While the losses on buildings during the year have been some 
$170,000 less than those of 1899, the losses on contents have 
exceeded those of 1899 by some $240,000; which figures 
may show the effect of large streams of water, without which 
a conflagration has the advantage. It is a source of con- 
gratulation that no fire has " got away " from the Department, 
although we are well aware that the dreaded conflagration 
may at any time assume proportions not reached of late. 



2 City Document No. 15. 

Our Roll of Merit contains the names of : 

N. L. Hussey - Engine 23. 

E. H. Sawyer Ladder 4. 

E. H. Sawyer " 4. 

J. F. Bailey Ladder 17. 

Eugene Rogers " 1. 

Captain Peter Callahan . . Engine 4. 

Lieut. J. A. Kelley . . . Chemical 1. 

T. J. Heffron Engine 4. 

J. E. Downey " 6. 

F. F. Leary Ladder 12. 

Florence Donoghue . . . Combination 8. 

Captain J. J. O'Connor . . Engine 7. 

Lieut. J. F. McMahon . . Combination 8. 

M. A. Kenealy Engine 7. 

D. Driscoll " 7. 

W. H. Magner Ladder 8. 

All of whom have distinguished themselves by exception- 
ally good work on occasion ; but the success in putting out 
fires, which the Department has attained, has been owing to 
the perpetual vigilance and uniform zeal of all the officers 
and men without distinction. Hoseman Herbert Pierce of 
Engine 42 and Hoseman Patrick J. McCarthy of Engine 8 
have died during the year from injuries received while on 
active duty. 

Ninety-six (96) members were injured, and were off duty 
a total of 2,973 days, an average of 31 days each. 

The Fire-Alarm Branch of the Department has continued 
its good work during the last year, having successfully 
struck 9,260,476 blows in performing its .duty ; and no fire- 
alarm box has failed in its work of properly transmitting 
alarms from the street to headquarters. 

The new Veterinary Hospital has answered all require- 
ments, nd- horse, among the 358 empkyed, having died of 
disease during the year. 

The large self-propelling engines have continued their good 
service, and certainly are a marked success in dealing with 
fire through their large streams, while their motive power has 
proved very effective. 

The electric signal, by means of wire inserted through the 
hose giving direct communication with the engine, has proved 
of much service in preventing the delay necessarjr when 
water has to be called for by messenger, it having been 
adopted for 10 engines in the City proper. 



Fire Department. 3 

The adoption of rubber tires has greatly increased the ease 
of travel of apparatus, as well as saved much wear and tear, 
and their further adoption will be continued as fast as 
practicable. 

The adoption of outside standpipes on high buildings does 
not progress as fast as the interests of property would seem 
to demand ; while fire-escapes, where built, are often of a 
character to insure disaster to those citizens of ordinary voca- 
tions who may be required to use them ; in my opinion, the 
best outside escape is that at present attached to the Franklin 
School on Waltham street. 

Besides the danger from the many well known fire-traps 
throughout the city, the large buildings of iron construction, 
when used for the storage of wool and other combustible 
material, add, in my opinion, to the gravity of the situation 
by their readiness to twist and fall when subjected to severe 
heat, and thus become a menace to a fire department. 

The wooden villages springing up in the country districts 
continue to offer ready fuel for the flames ; but as long as 
owners prefer to oppose all attempts to extend the lines on 
which brick buildings must be built, the Fire Department and 
insurance companies must stand in the gap as best they can. 

Organization. 

Commissioner, Henry S. Russell; term expires May, 
1901. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Underhill. 

Chief of Department, Lewis P. Webber. 

Assistant Chief, William T. Cheswell. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 6, John 
A. Mullen. 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Brown S. Flanders. 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Cyrus A. 
George. 

Superintendent of Repair-shop, Henry M. Hawkins. 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop, Eugene M. 
Byington. 

Hydraulic Engineer, Greely S. Curtis. 

Veterinary Surgeon, George W. Stimpson. 

Medical Examiner, Rupus W. Sprague. 

Purchasing Officer, Charles A. Straw. 

Storekeeper, George R. Knight. 

Foreman of Hose ' and Harness-shop, Patrick B. 
Hannon. 

Consulting Electrician, Henry F. Cottle [absent]. 

Master Carpenter, Thomas C. Haney. 



City Document No. 15. 



Clerks. 



William E. Delano, M. J. Lafferty, George F. Murphy, 
James P. Maloney, D. J. Quinn. 





District Chiefs. 








John F. Ryan, 


Headquarters, 


Ladder-house 2 


C. H. W. Pope, 


t 








9 


Joseph M. Garrity, 


' 








8 


Peter F. McDonough, 


c 






Engine-house 


Nathan L. Hussey, 


' 








26 


Patrick E. Keyes, 


I 








22 


John Grady, 


; 






Ladder-house 12 


Edward H. Sawyer, 


' 








4 


Williston A. Gay lord, 


i 






Engine-house 18 


Hiram D. Smith, 


' 








41 


Lewis P. Abbott, 


u 






28 


Force and Pay-roli 


j, February 1, 1901. 


Commissioner 






•*5,000 ] 


;>er annum. 


Secretary 






2,500 


u ( 




Chief of Department 






3,500 


" ' 




First Assistant Chief 






2,400 


" ' 




Second " " 






2,200 


" ' 




Superintendent of Fii 


e-alarms 




3,200 


U i 




Assistant Superintendent of F 


ire-alarms, 


2,000 


C£ b 




Superintendent of Repair-shop 




2,000 


" ' 




Asst. Superintendent 


of Repair 


-shop 


1,800 


" ' 




Hydraulic Engineer 






1,600 


" ' 




Veterinary Surgeon 






2,000 


u i 




Medical Examiner 






900 


k ' ' 




Purchasing Officer 






1,600 


" ' 




Foreman of Hose and Harness 


Shop 


1,400 


" ' 




Storekeeper . 






1,400 


ct ; 




Master Carpenter . 






1,300 


U l 




Bookkeeper . 






1,650 


u ( 




3 Clerks . 






1,400 


" ' 




1 Clerk 






1,100 


U l 




11 District Chiefs 






2,000 


a i 




53 Captains 






1,600 


a ( 




66 Lieutenants 






1,400 


" ' 




47 Engineers 






1,300 


a < 




40 Assistant Engineers 




. 1,200 


U l 




_J. (t it 








1,100 


" ' 





Fire Department. 



470 Permanent men. 



356 at ...... . 1,200 per annum 


37 at . 1,100 " 


30 at 1,000 " 


27 at 900 « 


20 at 720 " 


83 Call-men. 


1 at 325 " 


14 at 250 " 


68 at 200 « 


11 Chiefs' Drivers .... 1 75 per day 


2 Watchmen ..... 1,000 per annum 


3 Hostlers (average) . . . .- 195 per day. 


1 Horseshoer 3 00 " 


Fire-alarm Force. 


6 Operators $1,600 per annum. 


3 Assistant Operators . . . 1,200 " " 


1 Foreman of Construction . . . 1,800 " " 


17 Repairers (average) ... 2 94 per day. 


Repair-shop Employees. 


1 Sanitary Engineer . . . . $1,300 per annum. 


1 Engineer 3 00 per day. 


1 Assistant Engineer . . . . 2 50 ' 




1 Painter ...... 3 75 ' 




1 2 50 ' 




• 2 Wheelwrights 3 25 




4 Machinists 3 25 




1 Machinist 3 00 




2 Blacksmiths . . . . .. 3 50 ' 




1 Blacksmith . 3 25 




3 Blacksmiths' helpers . . . 2 50 ' 




1 Hose and harness-repairer . . 1 50 ' 




5 Laborers (average) . . . . 2 04 ' 




863 Total force. 


Force and Pay-roll, February 1, 1900. 


Commissioner $5,000 per annum. 


Secretary ...... 2,400 " " 


Chief of Department . . . . 3,500 " " 


First Assistant Chief .... 2,400 " « 


Second " " .... 2,200 « 


i 



6 



City Document No. 15. 



Superintendent of Fire-alarms 
Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, 
Superintendent of Repair-shop 
Asst. Superintendent of Repair-shop 
Hydraulic Engineer 
Veterinary Surgeon 
Medical Examiner . 
Purchasing Officer. 
Foreman of Hose and Harness Shop 
Storekeeper 
1 Clerk 

1 » 

2 " 
1 " 

11 District Chiefs 
53 Captains 
65 Lieutenants 
44 Engineers 
43 Assistant Engineers 
3 

459 Permanent men. 

341 at . 

42 at . 

39 at . 

28 at . 

9 at . 

86 Call-men. 

1 at . 
18 at . 
67 at . 

2 Drivers for Assistant Chiefs 
11 Drivers for District Chiefs 

2 Watchmen 

3 Hostlers (average) . 

1 Horseshoer 

Fire-alarm Force 
6 Operators 

2 Assistant Operators 
1 Assistant Operator . 
1 Foreman of Construction 

17 Repairers (average) 



Repair-shop Employees 



1 Sanitary Engineer 
1 Eno-ineer 



3,200 per annum 


2,000 " 


a 


2,000 « 


u 


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c. 


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1 75 per day 


1 75 


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1,000 per annum 


1 95 per day 


3 00 


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$1,600 per annum. 


1,200 » 


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1,800 per annum. 


2 93 pei 


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as. 

$1,300 per annum. 


3 00 per day. 



Fire Department. 



2 


50 pei 


3 


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2 


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1 Painter . 
1 

2 Wheelwrights 
4 Machinists 
2 " 
2 Blacksmiths 

1 Blacksmith 
1 

2 Blacksmiths' helpers 
1 Hose and Harness-repairer 
4 Laborers (average) . 

854 Total force. 

Fire Districts. 

The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District 4' 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park, and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 

The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle, and Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue and Berke- 
ley street. 

District G. 

All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 



City Document No. 15. 



District 7. 



The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte, and Way 
streets and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel 
and South bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and 
on the west by the Charles river. 

District 8. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by Atherton and Mozart streets, Chestnut 
avenue, Sheridan and Centre streets, Hyde square, Perkins, 
Catalpa and Castleton streets, across Jamaicaway to the 
Brookline line, and on the west by the Brookline line, 
Beacon and Deerfield streets. 

District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets, on the east 
by Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, 
Bowdoin, and Quincy streets, Columbia road, and on the 
west by Seaver street, Columbus avenue and Washington 
street. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Seaver 
street, Columbia road, Quincy, Bowdoin, Hancock, and 
Freeport streets, on the east by Dorchester bay, on the south 
by the Neponset river and the Hyde Park line, and on the 
west by Harvard street and Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 

All that part of Boston known as Brighton and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by a line from the Brookline line across 
Jamaicaway to Castleton street, through Castleton, Catalpa, 
and Perkins streets, Hyde square, Centre and Sheridan 
streets, Chestnut avenue, Mozart, and Atherton streets, 
Columbus avenue and Seaver street, on the east by Blue 
Hill avenue and Harvard street, on the south by the Hyde 
Park and Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and 
Brookline lines. 



Fire Department. 



9 



In all cases where streets are designated as boundaries, 
the centre of the street will be the dividing line. 

Assignment of Districts. 

Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 





Chief in Command. 


Companies in Districts. 


District. 


Engines. 


"3 * 

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John F. Ryan 

C.H. W. Pope 

Joseph M. Garrity. .. 
Peter F. McDonough 
Nathan L. Hussey . .. 

Patrick E. Keyes 


5, 9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 36 

8, 25, 31, 44 

*4, 6, 10 

7,* 26, 35 

* 1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

3, *22, 33 

13, 14, 37 

12,21,23,24 

16, 17, * 18, 19, 20 

29, 34, * 41 

*28, 30, 42, 45 


9 

1 
2 

8 

4 

3,12 

10 

6 

5 


*2 

*9 

*8, 14 

1 

17 

5 

3, 13, 15 

*12 

*4 

6,7 

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10, 16 


4 
5, 7 

8 

2,3 

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1 

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3 




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1 


5 




6 








8 




9 


Edward H. Sawyer . . 
Williston A. Gaylord 




10 




11 




12 









* Headquarters of District Chief. 

The following property is in charge of the Fire Commis- 
sioner : 

Houses. 



Location. 


No. of 

feet in 

lot. 


Assessed 
Valuation. 


Occupied by 




5,698 
4,000 
4,000 
6,098 

1,647 
2,269 
1,893 
2,568 


$25,800 
16,400 
30,000 
90,000 

9,000 
35,000 
35,400 
18,300 


Engine 1. 




Bristol street and Harrison ave 


Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 

Engine 4, Chemical 1 and 
Tower 1. 

Engine 5. 

Engine 6. 















10 



City Document No. 15. 



Houses. — Continued. 



No. of 

feet in 

lot. 



Assessed 
Valuation, 



Occupied by 



Paris St., East Boston 

River st 

Saratoga and Byron sts., East Boston, 



Dudley st 

Cabot st 

Centre st 

Dorchester ave 

River St., Dorchester District 



Meeting House Hill, Dorchester Dis- 
trict 



Harvard St., Dorchester District. 
Norfolk St., " " 

Walnut St., " " 

Columbia road, " " 

Northampton st 

Corner Warren and Quiney sts. . . 
Fort Hill sq 



Mason st 

Elm St., Charlestown District 

Centre st., Jamaica Plain 

Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton District 
Centre st., West Roxbury District — 

Bunker Hill st., Charlestown District, 
Corner Boylston and Hereford sts. . . 

Western ave., Brighton 

Monument st., Charlestown District. . 

Cor. Longwood and Brookline aves. . . 

Congress st 

Sumner St., East Boston 



Harvard ave., near Cambridge St., 
Brighton District 



Washington, between Atherton and 
Beethoven sts 



Andrew sq. 



Washington, corner Poplar st., 
Roslindale 



Church st 

Shawmut ave. 



4,720 
1,886 
10,000 

7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,843 
12,736 

9,450 

9,440 
7,683 
9,000 
12,661 
3,445 
4,186 
4,175 

5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 

8,188 
5,646 
4,637 
5,668 

5,400 
4,000 
4,010 

6,112 

3,848 
5,133 

14,729 

3,412 

889 



28,600 
19,600 
37,500 

24,900 
16,000 
14,600 
18,700 
18,500 

17,300 

17,800 
14,200 
9,200 
18,300 
13,200 
18,100 
77,700 

113,000 
18,000 
28,300 
37,200 
24,700 

26,200 
66,000 
17,800 
21,000 

12,600 
34,000 
18,000 

25,500 

22,900 
20,100 

18,700 

23,600 

5,700 



Engine 9 and Ladder 2. 

Engine 10. 

Engine 11 and Combina- 
tion 4. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder- 
house 7 on this lot. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25, Ladder 8 and 
Ladder 14. 

Engine 26 and Engine 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 2S and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30 and Combina- 
tion 9. 

Engine 32. 

Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 

Engine 34. 

Engine 36 and Combina- 
tion 5. 

Engine 37 and Chemical 3. 

Engine 3S and Engine 39. 

Engine 40. 

Engine 41 and Chemical 6. 

Engine 42 and Chemical 5. 

Engine 43 and Combina- 
tion 3. 

Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 

Chemical Engine 2. 

Chemical Engine 4. 



Fire Department. 



11 



Houses. — Concluded. 



No. of 

leet in 

lot. 



Assessed 
Valuation. 



Occupied by 



Chelsea St., East Boston — 

Bst 

Eustis st 

Friend st 

Dudley st 

Fourth st 

Main st., Charlestown 

Tremont st 

Washington, near Dover st. 

Harrison ave 

Dorchester ave., Ashmont. . 

Fourth st 

Washington gt., Dorchester 

Winthrop st 

North Gi-ove st 



1,346 
1,804 
1,754 
1,676 
3,923 
2,469 

4,290 
4,350 

1,007 
2,134 
4,S75 
3,101 
6,874 
3,000 
3,918 



10,400 

7,800 

7,600 

32,400 

25,900 

See Engine 
1. 

18,000 

25,700 

13,100 
25,500 
22,400 
11,000 
21,400 
13,200 
18,000 



Chemical Engine 7. 
Chemical Engine 8. 
Chemical Engine 10. 
Ladder 1. 
Ladder 4. 
Ladder 5. 

Ladder 9 and Chemical 9. 

Ladder 12 and Chemical 
12. 

Ladder 13. 

Ladder 17. 

Combination 1. 

Combination 2. 

Combination 6. 

Combination 7. 

Combination 8. 



Assessed Valuation. 

Fuel-house, Dorchester street, 1,610 feet of 

land $3,300 00 

Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land . 3,200 00 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 

feet of land 7,000 00 

Headquarters building and repair-shop, corner 

of Albany and Bristol streets, 23,663 feet . 185,000 00 
Engine No. 22, Water Tower No. 2 and 

Wrecking Wagon are in Headquarters 

building. 
Veterinary Hospital, Atkinson street, 64,442 

feet of land 39,110 00 

7,500 feet of land on Warren avenue . . 18,600 00 

Partially erected house for Engine 22, cost to 

date . 24,388 22 



12 



City Document No. 15. 



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Fire Department. 



19 



New Apparatus Purchased during the Year. 

2 pairs 35-gallon chemical tanks for ladder- trucks. 

1 large-sized hose-wagon. 

1 combination ladder and chemical engine. 



Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the 
year : 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 16,000 feet. 6,500 feet. 

rubber, 1,350 » 

Chemical, 1,000 « 450 " 

Suction, 205 " 56 " 



Totals, 



17,205 



8,356 



Amount of hose in use and in store February 1, 1901. 



In use. 

Leading cotton, 80,650 feet. 

rubber, 7,300 " 

Chemical, 9,550 " 

Suction, 946 " 



Totals, 



3,446 " 



In store. 

14,850 feet. 
1,750 " 
1,150 « 
201 « 



17,951 " 



Horses. 



Purchased during the year 
Sold or exchanged 
Died .... 
Killed for cause . 
Number in the Department 



48 

30 

3 

358 



20 



City Document No. 15. 





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1,242,950 
127,050 
646,550 
395,093 
430,800 
284,975 
345,875 
448,700 
226,275 
1,031,750 

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3 


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1,142,914 

1,242,308 

1,245,300 

841,900 

888,364 

640,219 

1,337,850 

528,969 

1,526,450 

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13,840 

118,128 
42,121 

327,212 
82,488 
48,323 
50,181 
30,845 

206,533 

58,164 


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67,740 
23,792 
41,168 
25,445 
81,599 
42,837 
41,547 
14,555 
19,755 
64,689 

51,142 


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October 

November 

1901. 


c 





Fire Department. 



21 



Causes of Fires and Alarms 
to February 



from February 1, 1900, 
1, 1901. 



Alarms, accidental automatic 
" false .... 

" out-of-city . 

Accidental breaking of box 
Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle 
Boiling over of fat or tar 
Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc., set by boys 
Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. 



cigars 



chemicals 



" " pipes and 
Chimneys, soot burning 
" defective 

" falling 

Hot iron igniting woodwoi 
Clothes too near stove 
Defective flue . 

" stove-pipe 
" gas-pipe 
" gas-meter . 
" gas-jet 
Electric motor igniting car 

" wires . 
Explosion and ignition of 
Fireworks 
Friction . 
Fumigating 
Gas, explosion of 
" ignition of leaky pipes 
" jet setting fire 
Incendiary 

'* supposed 
Lamp explosion 

" upsetting and breaking 
" thrown at a person 
Light mistaken for fire 
Lightning 
Matches and rats 
" " children 
" careless use of 
Meat burning on stove 
Naphtha, careless use of, and ig 
Explosion of tank 

" " boiler . 

" " gunpowder 



in smoking 



niLion 



98 

33 

17 

1 

32 

31 

232 

58 

52 

86 

30 

1 

5 

19 

11 

5 

3 

1 

6 

11 

51 

4 

■47 

6 

2 

5 

7 

56 

35 

18 

58 

68 

3 

22 

2 



133 

8 
15 

1 
1 
1 



22 



City Document No. 15. 



Explosion of can of milk . 

" " hot water heater . 
Oil- stove, careless use of, and explosion 
Gas stove, " " " " " 

Plastering, drying . 
Overheated boiler or steam-pipe 
" coke 

" oven 

" stove or furnace 

Rekindling of ruins of previous fire 
Plumber's stove upsetting 
Slacking of lime 
Smoky chimneys 

" stove or furnace . 
Sparks from another fire . 

" " furnace or stove . 

" " chimney 

" " forge 

" " engine or locomotive 
Spontaneous combustion . 
Steam escaping 

Street fight .... 
" Police," mistaken for call of " fire 
Thawing out beer-pipes 
Unknown .... 

Upsetting of stove . 
Water-pipes, thawing out 
Wood drying in oven 

Total .... 



1 

1 

70 

18 

6 

22 

1 

5 

43 

4 

5 

3 

35 

64 

13 

14 

37 

11 

34 

51 

11 

2 

3 

1 

531 

3 

28 

2 



2,411 



Extinguished by 



Extinguishers . 








390 


Buckets of water 








251 


Chemical engines 




. 




453 


Hydrant stream 








208 


Steamers . 








375 


Miscellaneous, brooms, 


stamping out and j 


jmotherii 


'g'' 


108 


Citizens . 








287 


Sprinklers 




• 




2 



Fire Department. 23 



Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 

bells : 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 

" 2,995 lbs., owned by City. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Chaiiestown, composition, 2,009 
lbs., owned by City. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by 
City. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion', 3,061 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
City. 

Engine-house, Mt. Vernon street, West Roxbury, steel, 1,000 
lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 
owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 
by City. 

Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 
owned by City. 

Lewis School-house, Dale street, Roxbury, composition, 
3,104 lbs., owned by City. 

Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 lbs. 

Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 
2,470 lbs., owned by City. 

Saratoga street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 
owned by City. 

Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 
owned by City. 

Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 
owned by City. 



24 City Document No. 15. 

Bells owned by the City, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Berkeley Temple, composition, 2,941 lbs. Formerly used on 
Quincy School-house. 

Chapman School-house, steel, 3,109i lbs., taken down and 
stored by Public Buildings Department. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 2,911 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 21, Columbia road, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs. 

I^aneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs. 

Fire Alarm Shop, bell formerly used on house of Enghie No. 
40, composition, 817 lbs. 

Ladder House No. 4, Dudley street, Roxbury, composition, 
3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 3,400 
lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 
3,110 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Roxbury, composition, 4,083 lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly \ised on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 

Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, thirty-eight in number, are 
taken care of by the Fire Department : 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by City. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows' Hall, Tremont street, owned by City. 

Old South Church, owned by City. 

Old State House, owned by City. 

Park-street Church. 



Fire Department. 25 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by City. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by City. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by City. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by City. 

South Boston. 

Gaston School-house, owned by City. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by City. 

Phillips Church, owned by City. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by City. 

Ticknor School-bouse, Washington Village, owned by City. 

East Boston. 
Central-square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by City. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by City. 
Trinity Church, owned by City. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by City. 

Roxbury. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by City. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by City. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by City. 
Neponset Church. 

Tileston School (Mattapan), owned by City. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Charlestown. 
Bunker Hill Church. 
City Hall, owned by City. 
Harvard Hill Church. 
High School-house, owned by City. 
Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church. 

Unitarian Church. 

Congregational Church (Roslindale), owned by City. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by City. 



26 City Document No. 15. 

The following Fire-alarm boxes are private property: 113, 
115, 119, 149, 152, 161, 163, 164, 165, 212, 227, 228, 244, 
271, 279, 281, 283, 299, 342, 358, 422, 442, 443, 445, 446, 
447, 448, 449, 466, 469, 495, 511, 533, 617, 619, 623, 624, 
629, 698, 711, 714, 715, 716, 718, 722, 724, 725, 726, 727, 
728, 729, 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 737, 738, 739, 741, 742, 
744, 745, 746, 755, 758, 759, 762, 766, 767, 769, 773, 778, 
779, 789, 791, 792,793, 794, 795, 797, 799, 816, 828, 838, 
842, 864, 865, 919, 927, 967, 969, 971, 974. 

Pray accept for yourself my full appreciation of the uni- 
form support with which you have favored me. 

Your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Russell, 

Commissioner. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1901-1902 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PEINTING OFFICE 

1902 



*? 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1901-1902 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

1 902 






Pfo V - 



Fire Commissioner, 
Bristol Street, Boston, February 26, 1902. 

His Honor Patrick A. Collins, Mayor : 

Sir, — By good fortune, constant vigilance and powerful 
apparatus we have been able to pass through the year with- 
out a conflagration, in spite of the many old fire traps 
scattered throughout the city, to say nothing of the new 
buildings, of faulty construction, which our present laws 
allow to be erected within the city limits. As long as real 
estate owners pursue the narrow policy of opposing all laws 
which look to the preservation of life and property, the Fire 
Department will be handicapped in its duty. The department 
has done satisfactory work during the year, and I see no rea- 
son to change my opinion that, by strengthening the compa- 
nies already established, we have attained an efficiency which 
can provide all reasonable protection to the different sections 
of the city, without taxing our fellow-citizens for new houses, 
apparatus and men, not necessary for a satisfactory perform- 
ance of our duty. 

Our Roll of Merit contains the names of : 

Nathan L. Hussey .... Engine 23. 
Edward H. Sawyer .... Ladder 4. 
Edward H. Sawyer .... "4. 



City Document No. 16. 



James F. Bailey . 
Eugene Rogers 
Peter Callahan 
Joseph A. Kelley 
Timothy J. Heffron 
James E. Downey 
Frederick F. Leary 
Florence Donoghue 
James J. O'Connor 
James F. McMahon 
Martin A. Kenealy 
Denis Driscoll 
William H. Magner 
Thomas J. Muldoon 
Dennis McGee 
Joseph P. Hanton 
Michael J. Teehan 



Ladder 17. 

" 1. 
Engine 4. 
Chemical 1. 
Engine 4. 

» 6. • 
Ladder 12. ■ 
Combination 8. 
Engine 7. 
Combination 8. 
Engine 7. 

« 7. 
Ladder 8. 
Chemical 8. 
Combination 5. 
Ladder 17. 

" 17. 



All of whom have distinguished themselves by exception- 
ally good work on occasion ; but the success in putting out 
fires, which the department has attained, has been owing to 
the perpetual vigilance and uniform zeal of all the officers 
and men without distinction. 



Organization. 

Commissioner, Henry S. Russell; term expires May, 
1904. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Underhill. 

Chief of Department, William T. Cheswell. 

Assistant Chief, John A. Mullen. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 5, 
Nathan L. Hussey. 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Brown S. Flanders. 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Cyrus A. 
George. 

Superintendent of Repair-shop, Henry M. Hawkins. 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop, Eugene M. 
Byington. 

Hydraulic Engineer, Greely S. Curtis. 

Veterinary Surgeon, George W. Stimpson. 

Medical Examiner, Rufus W. Sprague. 

Purchasing Officer, Charles A. Straw. 

Storekeeper, George R. Williams (detailed). 



Fire Department. 3 

Foreman of Hose and Harness-shop, Patrick B. 
Hannon. 

Consulting Electrician, Henry F. Cottle (absent). 
Master Carpenter, Thomas C. Haney. 

Clerks. 

George F. Murphy, Daniel J. Quinn, Michael J. Lafferty, 
James P. Maloney. 





District Chiefs. 








Patrick E. Keyes, 


Headquarters, 


Ladder-house 2 


C. H. W. Pope, 


tt 




tt 


9 


Joseph M. Garrity, 


tt 




tt 


8 


Peter F. McDonough, 


a 


Engine-house 4 


Edwin A. Perkins, 


tt 




tt 


1 


John Grady, 


tt 




u 


22 


Hiram D. Smith, 


tt 


Ladder-house 12 


Edward H. Sawyer, 


tt 




(( 


4 


Williston A. Gay lord, 


tt 


Engine-house 18 


John F. Ryan, 


tt 




tt 


41 


Lewis P. Abbott, 


tt 




tt 


28 


Force and Pay-roll, February 1, 1902. 




Commissioner 


. . . 


$5,000 


jer 


annum. 


Secretary 




. 2,500 


K 


u 


Chief of Department 




3,500 


u 


u 


Assistant Chief 




. 2,400 


tt 


u 


Second Assistant Chief 




2,200 


tt 


u 


Superintendent of Fire 


-alarms 


3,200 


tt 


u 


Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms 


, 2,000 


tt 


(( 


Superintendent of Repair-shop 


2,000 


a 


u 


Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop 


1,800 


u 


u 


Hydraulic Engineer 




1,600 


u 


a 


Veterinary Surgeon 




2,000 


u 


u 


Medical Examiner 




900 


u 


u 


Purchasing Officer 




1,600 


u 


a 


Foreman of Hose and Harness Shop 


1,400 


u 


t( 


Storekeeper . 




1,200 


u 


u 


Master Carpenter . 




1,300 


u 


tt 


Bookkeeper . 




1,650 


a 


tt 


3 Clerks . 




1,400 


it 


tt 


11 District Chiefs 




2,000 


u 


tt 


52 Captains 




1,600 


u 


tt 


68 Lieutenants 




1,400 


u 


tt 



City Document No. 16. 



46 Engineers 


. 11,300 


per 


annum 


41 Assistant Engineers 


. 1,200 


(C 


« 


1 Assistant Engineer 


. 1,100 


t( 


tc 


u tc 


. 1,000 


u 


l( 


u u 


900 


u 


u 


476 Permanent men. 








366 at 


. 1,200 


u 


u 


26 at 


. 1,100 


ic 


u 


32 at 


. 1,000 


u 


it 


27 at 


900 


l( 


u 


25 at 


720 


(C 


u 


83 Call-men. 








1 at 


325 


u 


It 


14 at 


250 


ti 


u 


68 at 


200 


C( 


u 


12 Chiefs' Drivers 


1 


75 


per day. 


1 " ' " . . 


2 


25 


tt 


2 Watchmen 


. 1,000 


per 


annum 


3 Hostlers (average) . 


1 


95 


per day 


1 Horseshoer . 


3 


00 


tt 



Fire-alarm Force. 



6 Operators 
3 Assistant Operators 
1 Foreman of Construction 
17 Repairers (average) 



Repair-shop Employees. 



Sanitary Engineer 
Engineer 
Assistant Engineer 
Painter . 



1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

2 Wheelwrights 

4 Machinists 

1 Machinist 
1 

2 Blacksmiths 
1 Blacksmith 
8 Blacksmiths' helpers 
1 Hose and harness-repairer 
4 Laborers (average) . 



1,600 


per 


annum 


1,200 


u 


C( 


1,800 


(i 


tc 


2 


94 per day 


3. 

1,300 


per 


annum 


3 


00] 


aer day 


2 


50 


u 


3 


75 


u 


2 


50 


(I 


3 


25 


(I 


3 


25 


ct 


3 


00 


u 


2 


75 


u 


3 


50 


u 


3 


25 


(I 


2 


50 


(I 


1 


50 


u 


2 


05 


u 



870 total force. 



Fire Department. 



Force and Pay-roll, February 1, 1901. 



Commissioner . 


. $5,000 


per 


annum. 


Secretary ..... 


. 2,500 


tt 


it 


Chief of Department 


. 3,500 


tc 


u 


Assistant Chief . 


. 2,400 


tt 


a 


Second Assistant Chief 


. 2,200 


tt 


tc 


Superintendent of Fire-alarms 


. 3,200 


tc 


tt 


Assistant Superintendent of Fire-al 


arms, 2,000 


It 


tt 


Superintendent of Repair-shop 


. 2,000 


tt 


tt 


Assistant Superintendent of Repair- 


shop, 1,800 


it 


tt 


Hydraulic Engineer 


. 1,600 


tt 


tt 


Veterinary Surgeon 


. 2,000 


tt 


tt 


Medical Examiner 


900 


a 


tt 


Purchasing Officer 


. 1,600 


tt 


tt 


Foreman of Hose and Harness Shop 


. 1,400 


tt 


tt 


Storekeeper ..... 


. 1,400 


tt 


tt 


Master Carpenter . . . . 


. 1,300 


tt 


tt 


Bookkeeper . . . - . 


. 1,650 


u 


tt 


3 Clerks 


. 1,400 


u 


tt 


1 Clerk 


. 1,100 


'tt 


tt 


11 District Chiefs 


. 2,000 


tt 


tt 


53 Captains 


. 1,600 


tt 


tt 


66 Lieutenants .... 


. 1,400 


tt 


tt 


47 Engineers .... 


. 1,300 


tt 


tt 


40 Assistant Engineers 


. 1,200 


tt 


tt 


zj. ' " " 


. 1,100 


a 


tt 


470 Permanent men. 








356 at 


. 1,200 


tt 


tt 


37 at 


. 1,100 


tt 


tt 


30 at . . . 


. 1,000 


tc 


tt 


27 at 


900 


tc 


tt 


20 at 


720 


tt 


tt 


83 Call-men. 








1 at 


325 


tt 


tt 


14 at 


250 


tt 


t< 


68 at 


200 


cc 


tt 


11 Chiefs' Drivers 


1 


75 


Der day. 


2 Watchmen . . . , . 


. 1,000 


per 


annum. 


3 Hostlers (average) . 


1 


95 


per day. 


1 Horseshoer .... 


3 


00 


tt 


Fire-alarm F 


ORCE. 






6 Operators . 


. $1,600 


per 


annum. 


3 Assistant Operators 


. 1,200 


tt 


tt 


1 Foreman of Construction 


. 1,800 


a 


tt 


17 Repairers (average) 


2 


94 


per day. 



City Document No. 16. 



Repair-shop Employees. 



1 Sanitary Engineer . 
1 Engineer 


1 Assistant Engineer 
1 Painter . 


1 "... 


2 Wheelwrights • 
4 Machinists 


1 Machinist 


2 Blacksmiths . 


1 Blacksmith 


3 Blacksmiths' Helpers 

1 Hose and harness-repairer 

5 Laborers (average) 


863 total force. 



,300 per 


annum. 


3 00 


Der day 


2 50 


u 


3 75 


u 


2 50 


t( 


3 25 


a 


3 25 


u 


3 00 


It 


3 50 


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Fire Districts. 
The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory hounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District Jf. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park, and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 

The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, 
Winter and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point 
channel, on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, 
Castle, and Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue and Berke- 
ley street. 



Fire Department. 



District 6. 



All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 

District 7. 

The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street, 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte, and Way 
streets and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel 
and South bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and 
on the west by the Charles river. 

District 8. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by Atherton and Mozart streets, Chestnut 
avenue, Sheridan and Centre streets, Hyde square, Perkins, 
Catalpa and Castleton streets, across Jamaicaway to the 
Brookline line, and on, the west by the Brookline line, 
Beacon and Deerfield streets. 

District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts 
avenue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets, on the east 
by Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, 
Bowdoin and Quincy streets, Columbia road, and on the 
west by Seaver street, Columbus avenue and Washington 
street. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Seaver 
street, Columbia road, Quincy, Bowdoin, Hancock, and 
Freeport streets, on the east by Dorchester bay, on the south 
by the Neponset river and the Hyde Park line, and on the 
west by Harvard street and Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 

All that part of Boston known as Brighton and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Roxbury, bounded 
on the north by a line from the Brookline line across 
Jamaicaway to Castleton street, through Castleton, Catalpa, 



8 City Document No. 16. 

and Perkins streets, Hyde square, Centre and Sheridan 
streets, Chestnut avenue, Mozart, and Atherton streets, 
Columbus avenue and Seaver street, on the east by Blue 
Hill avenue and Harvard street, on the south by the Hyde 
Park and Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and 
Brookline lines. 

Assignment of Districts. 

Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows: 





Chief in Command. 


Companies in Districts. 


District. 


Engines. 


o 


o 
•a 

oi 

Hi 


a 
o 

a 

S 
o 


■S o 


1 


Patrick E. Keyes. .. 

C. H. W.Pope 

Joseph M. Garrity. .. 
Peter F. McDonough, 
Nathan L. Hussey. .. 
Edwin A. Perkins... 


5, 9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 36 

8, 25, 31, 44 

* 4, 6, 10 

7,* 26, 35 

*1, 2, 15,38,39,43 

3, *22, 33 

13, 14, 37 

12, 21, 23, 24 

16, 17, * 18, 19, 20 

29, 34, * 41 

*28, 30, 42, 45 


9 

1 

2 
8 
4 
12 
10 

6 
5 


*2 

*9 

*8, 14 

1 

17 

5 

3, 13, 15 

*12 

*4 

6,7 

11 

10, 16 


4 

5,7 

8 

2,3 

10 

6 

1,11 

9 




2 




3 




4 


l 






6 




7 


2 


8 


Edward H. Sawyer.. 
Williston A. Gaylord, 
John F. Ryan 




9 

10 




11 




12 









* Headquarters of District Chief. 

The following property is in charge of the Fire Commis- 
sioner : 

Houses. 



Location. 


No. of 

feet in 

lot. 


Assessed 
Valuation. 


Occupied by 


Dorchester and Fourth sts 


8,169 

4,000 
4,000 
6,098 


$25,800 

16,400 
30,000 
96,000 


Engine 1 and Ladder- 
house 5 on this lot. 




Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 
Engine 4, Chemical 1 and 


Bulfinch st 




Tower 1. 



Fire Department. 



Houses. — Continued. 



No. of 

feet in 

lot. 



Occupied by 



Marion at., East Boston 

Leverett st 

East st. 

Salem st 

Paris st., East Boston 

River st 

Saratoga and Byron sts., East Boston, 

Dudley st ■ 

Cabot st 

Centre st 

Dorchester ave 

Kiver st., Dorchester District 

Meeting House Hill, Dorchester Dis 
trict 

Harvard st., Dorchester District 

Norfolk st., " " 

Walnut St., *' " 

Columbia road, " " 

Warren ave 

Northampton st 

Corner Warren and Quincy sts 

Fort Hill sq 

Mason st 

Elm st., Charlestown District 

Centre st., Jamaica Plain 

Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton District, 
Centre St., West Roxbury District. 

Bunker Hill St., Charlestown District, 
Corner Boylston and Hereford sts. . . 

Western ave., Brighton 

Monument St., Charlestown District, 

Corner Longwood and Brookline 
aves 

Congress st 

Sumner st., East Boston 



7,320 
4.S32 
5,713 
2,803 
12,736 

9,450 

9,440 
7,683 
9,000 

10,341 
7,500 
3,445 

4,186 
4,175 

5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 

8,188 
5,646 
4,637 
5,668 

5,231 

4,000 
4,010 



9,000 
35,000 
35,400 
20,300 
29,200 
20,000 
38,500 

24,900 
16,000 
14,600 
18,700 
19,200 

17,300 

18,300 
14,200 
9,800 

17,100 
67,000 
13,200 
18,100 
81,800 

113,000 
18,000 
28,300 
37,200 
25,000 

26,200 
66,000 
17.S00 
21,000 

13,200 

37,000 
18,000 



Engine 5. 

Engine 6. 

Engine 7. 

Engine 8. 

Engine 9 and Ladder 2. 

Engine 10. 

Engine 11 and Combina- 
tion 4. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder- 
house 7 on this lot. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20 and Combina- 
tion 11. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 22 and Ladder 13. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25, Ladder 8 and 
Ladder 14. 

Engine 26 and Engine 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 2S and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30 and Combina- 
tion 9. 

Engine 32. 

Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 

Engine 34. 

Engine 36 and Combina- 
tion 5. 



Engine 37 and Combina- 
tion 10. 



Engine 38 and Engine i 
Engine 40. 



10 



City Document No. 16. 



Houses. — Concluded. 



Location. 



No. of 

feet in 

lot. 



Occupied by 



Harvard ave., near Cambridge St., 
Brighton District 

Washington, between Atherton and 
Beethoven sts 

Andrew sq 

Washington, corner Poplar St., 
Koslindale 

Church st 

Shawmut ave 

Chelsea St., East Boston 

Bst 

Eustis st 

Friend st 

Dudley st 

Main st., Charlestown 

Tremont et 

Harrison ave 

Dorchester ave., Ashmont 

Fourth st 

Washington st., Dorchester 

Winthrop st 

North Grove st 



,133 

,729 

,-112 



754 
,676 



290 
,311 



2,134 
4,875 
3,101 
6,874 
3,000 
3,918 



25,500 

22,900 
20,100 

22,400 
23,600 
5,700 
10,400 
7,800 
7,600 
32,400 
25,900 
18,000 
25,700 

25,500 
22,900 
11,000 
21,400 
13,200 
18,000 



Engine 41 and Chemical 6. 

Engine 42 and Chemicals. 

Engine 43 and Combina- 
tion 3. 

Engine 45 and Ladder 16. 

Chemical Engine 2. 

Chemical Engine 4. 

Chemical Engine 7. 

Chemical Engine 8. 

Chemical Engine 10. 

Ladder 1. 

Ladder 4. 

Ladder 9 and Chemical 9. 

Ladder 12 and Chemical 
12. 

Ladder 17. 

Combination 1. 

Combination 2. 

Combination 6. 

Combination 7. 

Combination 8. 



Assessed Valuation . 

Fuel-house, Dorchester street, 1,610 feet of land, $3,300 00 
Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land . 3,200 00 

Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 

feet of land 7,800 00 

Headquarters building and repair-shop, corner 

of Albany and Bristol streets, 23,679 feet . 185,000 00 
Water Tower No. 2 and Wrecking Wagon are 

in Headquarters building. 
Veterinary Hospital, Atkinson street, 64,442 

feet of land 36,100 00 

Fuel-house, Washington, near Dover street, -^ 

1,007 feet of land 13,100 00 

9,300 feet of land on Saratoga street . . 4,200 00 

Partially erected house for Chemical 7, cost to 

date 12,931 70 

11,363 feet of land on Pittsburgh street . 17,000 00 
Partially erected house for Ladder 18, cost to 

date 13,705140 



Fire Department. 



11 



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18 



City Document No. 16. 



New Apparatus Purchased during the Year. 

1 second-size Amoskeag engine. 

3 district chiefs' wagons, with rubber tires. 

1 extra first-size Amoskeag engine. 

2 hose-wagons. 

2 combination ladder and chemical trucks. 



Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the 
year: 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 13,000 feet. 6,350 feet. 

rubber, 500 " 2,300 " 

Chemical, 2,000 " 1,500 « 

Suction, 62 " 198 « 



Totals, 



15,562 



10,348 



Amount of hose in use and in store February 1, 1902 : 



In Use. 

Leading cotton, 86,300 feet. 

" rubber, 5,550 " 
Chemical, 10,250 « 

Suction, 905 " 



Totals, 



103,005 



In Store. 

15,700 feet. 
1,400 " 
1,400 « 
106 " 



18,606 



Horses. 



Purchased during the 


year 


75 


Sold or exchanged . 




39 


Died 




9 


Killed for cause 




8 


Killed in service 




3 


Number in the department 


. 374 



Fibe Department. 



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20 



City Document No. 16. 



Causes of Fiees and Alarms from February 1, 1901, 
to February 1, 1902. 

Alarms, accidental automatic 
" false .... 
" out of city . 
Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle 
Boiling over of fat or tar 
Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc., set by boys 
Careless use of lamps, candles, etc 

" " " pipes and cigars in smoking 

Chimneys, soot burning . 

" defective 

Clothes too near stove- 
Defective flue . 

" stove-pipe 

" gas-pipe . 
Electric motor igniting car 

" wires . 
Explosion and ignition of chemicals 

" of bottle of whiskey in oven 
Fireworks 
Friction . 
Fumigating 
Gas, explosion of 
" jet setting fire 
" stove, careless use of, and expl 
Hot iron igniting woodwork 
Incendiary 

" supposed 

Kerosene used to light fire 
Lamp explosion 

" upsetting and breaking 
Light mistaken for fire 
Lightning 
Matches and rats 

" " children 

" careless use of 
Meat burning on stove 
Naphtha, careless use of, and ignition 
Oil stove, careless use of, and explos 
Overheated boiler or steam-pipe 

" stove or furnace 

Plastering, drying . . . 

Plumber's stove upsetting 
Rekindling of ruins of previous fire 



Fire Department. 



21 



Slacking of lime 
Smoky chimneys 

" stove or furnace . 








2 
47 

73 


Sparks from another fire . 








4 


" " chimney 

" " engine or locomotive 








44 

29 


" " forge 








8 


" " furnace or stove . 








11 


" " open grate 
" " trolley wire . 
Spontaneous combustion . 








3 

1 

44 


Steam escaping 

Street fight .... 

Unknown . . ... 








10 

1 
526 


Water-pipes, thawing out 








24 


Wood drying in oven 








4 


Total . . . . • .■ . 


2,225 


Extinguished by 


Extinguishers . . . . . . . .403 

Buckets of water . . .... 244 


Chemical engines ....... 399 


Hydrant stream . . . . . . 172 


Steamers ........'. 340 


Miscellaneous, brooms, stamping out and smothering, 88 
Citizens ...... .248 


Sprinklers .... 








4 



The following is a memorandum of construction, extension 
and renewal work done for the maintenance and operation of 
the Fire-alarm branch of the department for the year: 

feet. 



Overhead wire run 




182,160 


" " taken down . 




204,600 


" cable put up 




18,521 


Conductors in same . 




125,545 


Overhead cable taken down 




11,547 


Conductors in same 




80,579 


Underground cable laid in N. 


E. tele- 




t phone ducts . 




15,317.7 


Underground ducts put in by this de- 




partment 




3,599.8 


Total ducts owned by city . 




13,280.8 


Total underground cable laid 




28,650 


Conductors in same . 




521,920 



22 City Document No. 16. 

Total cable under ground February 1, 

1902 174,170.5 feet. 

Conductors in same .... 4,734,843.9 " 

Service connections made ..... 23 

Boxes built over ...... 115 

New boxes added to service, including 3 auxiliary, 6 

Boxes equipped with keyless doors ... 92 
Boxes placed on lamp-posts and connected under 

ground ........ 9 

Lamp-post boxes used in resetting broken posts . 4 

Boxes in service February 1, 1902 . . . 632 

Cross-arms used . . . . . . . 402 

Poles transferred to N. E. Telephone Company . 459 
Bell-alarms struck from January 1, 1901, to Janu- 
ary 1,1902 . . . ' . . . . 1,349 

Blows struck on bells, gongs and tappers . . 9,244,766 

Alarm Bells. 

The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 
bells : 

Adams school-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by City. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, composition, 2,009 
lbs., owned by City. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 
lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
City. 

Engine-house, Mt. Vernon street, West Roxbury, steel, 1,000 
lbs., owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs,, 
owned by City. 

Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 
by City. 

Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 
owned by City. 



Fire Department. 23 

Lewis School-house, Dale street, Roxbury, composition, 

3,104 lbs., owned by City. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by City. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by City. 
Warren School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by City. 

Bells owned by the City, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Berkeley Temple, composition, 2,941 lbs. Formerly used on 
Quincy School-house. 

Chapman School-house, steel, 3,10 9£ lbs., taken down and 
stored by Public Buildings Department. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 2,911 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 21, Columbia road, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs. 

Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs. 

Ladder House No. 4, Dudley street, Roxbury, composition, 
3,509 lbs; 

Lawrence School-house, B street, South Boston, steel, 3,400 lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 
3,110 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Roxbury, composition, 4,083 lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Vil- 
lage, steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 

Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, thirty-eight in number, are 
taken care of by the Fire Department : 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 
Charles-street Church. 



24 City Document No. 16. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by City. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows' Hall, Tremont street, owned by City. 

Old South Church, owned by City. 

Old State House, owned by City. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by City. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by City. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by City. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by City. 

South Boston. 

Gaston School-house, owned by City. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by City. 

Phillips Church, owned by City. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by City. 

Ticknor School-house, Washington Village, owned by City. 

East Boston. 

Central-square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by City. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by City. 
Trinity Church, owned by City. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by City. 

Roxbury. 

Winthrop-street Church, owned by City. 

West End stables, Tremont street, owned by City. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by City. 
Neponset Church. 

Tileston school (Mattapan), owned by City. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 

Charlestown. 

Bunker Hill Church. 

City Hall, owned by City. 

Harvard Hill Church. 

High School-house, owned by City. 

Unitarian Church. 



Fire Department. 25 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church (South Evangelical), owned by City. 

Unitarian Church. 

Congregational Church (Roslindale), owned by City. 

Brighton. 
Bennett School-house, owned by City. 

The following Fire-alarm boxes are private property : 113, 
115, 117, 119, 149, 15-2, 161, 163, 164, 212, 227, 228, 244, 
271, 275, 281, 283, 299, 342, 422, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447, 
448, 449, 466, 495, 511, 533, 617, 619, 623, 624, 629, 698, 
711, 714, 715, 716, 718, 722, 724, 725, 727, 728, 729, 731, 
732, 733, 734, 735, 737, 739, 741, 742, 744, 745, 746, 755, 
758, 759, 762, 766, 767, 773, 778, 779, 789, 791, 792, 793, 
794, 795, 797, 799, 816, 828, 838, 842, 864, 865, 919, 927, 
967, 969, 971, 974. 

Your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Russell, 

Commissioner. 



^T 



=1 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIEE DEPAETME1STT 



YEAR 1902-1903 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

1903 



ANNUAL REPORT 



FIRE DEPARTMENT 



YEAR 1902-1903 




BOSTON 

MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

1903 



1 ti<w-MK . "Taw^ Uju^a^7v^4**r 



FlBE COMMISSIONEB, 

Bbistol Stbeet, Boston, February 17, 1903. 

His Honor Patrick A. Collins, 

Mayor of the City of Boston : 

Sir, — The dreaded conflagration has not overtaken us 
yet ; and, while good fortune has played a part in the satis- 
factory result attained, the activity and ability with which 
the members of this department have handled the strength- 
ened apparatus are, in my opinion, the main cause of our 
success ; but it is a little discouraging to see how year 
after year the old conditions continue by the building of 
wooden structures close together in those parts of the city 
which offer tempting bait for conflagrations, not to mention 
the tinder-boxes in the heart of the city. 

The different branches of the department continue to give 
entire satisfaction, the Fire-alarm branch having struck 
10,734,947 blows during the year in its manipulation of our 
electrical plant, while the active fighting force has shown 
every disposition to deserve the high -praise already accorded 
it by its fellow-citizens. Of the 384 horses in the service, 
only one has died of disease. f 

The fire losses during the year are $68,100 less than those 
of 1901, although we have had 391 more alarms than in that 
year. 



2 City Document No. 16. 

I beg leave to express to your good self my grateful 
appreciation of the uniform encouragement and support with 
which I have been favored. 

Our Roll of Merit contains the names of: 



Nathan L. Hussey 
Edward H. Sawyer 
Edward H. Sawyer 
James F. Bailey 
Eugene Rogers 
Peter Callahan 
Joseph A. Kelley 
Timothy J. Heffron 
James E. Downey 
Frederick F. Leary 
Florence Donoghue 
James J. O'Connor 
James F. McMahon 
Martin A. Kenealy 
Denis Driscoll 
William H. Magner 
Thomas J. Muldoon 
Dennis McGee 
Joseph P. Hanton 
Michael J. Teehan 



Engine 23. 
Ladder 4. 
4. 
Ladder 17. 

1. 
Engine 4. 
Chemical 1. 
Engine 4. 
6. 
Ladder 12. 
Combination 
Engine 7. 
Combination 
Engine 7. 

" 7. 
Ladder 8. 
Chemical 8. 
Combination 
Ladder 17. 

» 17. 



All of whom have distinguished themselves by exception- 
ally good work on occasion ; but the success in putting out 
fires, which the department has attained, has been owing to 
the perpetual vigilance and uniform zeal of all the officers 
and men without distinction. 



Organization. 

Commissioner, Henry S. Russell; term expires May, 
1904. 

Secretary, Benjamin F. Underhill. 

Chief of Department, William T. Cheswell. 

Assistant Chief, John A. Mullen. 

Second Assistant Chief and Chief of District No. 5, 
Nathan L. Hussey. 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Brown S. Flanders. 



Fire Department. 3 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, Cyrus A. 
George. 

Superintendent of Repair-shop, Henry M. Hawkins. 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop, Eugene M. 
Eying ton. 

Hydraulic Engineer, Greely S. Curtis. 

Veterinary Surgeon, George W. Stimpson. 

Medical Examiner, Rufus W. Sprague. 

Purchasing Officer, Charles A. Straw. 

Storekeeper, George R. Williams. 

Foreman of Hose and Harness-shop, Patrick B. 
Hannon. 

Master Carpenter, Thomas C. Haney. 

Master Painter, David J. Fitzgerald. 

Clerks. 

George F. Murphy, Daniel J. Quinn, Michael J. Lafferty, 
James P. Maloney. 



Patrick E. Keyes, 
€. H. W. Pope, 
Joseph M. Garrity, 
Peter F. McDonough, 
Edwin A. Perkins, 
John Grady, 
Hiram D. Smith, 
Edward H. Sawyer, 
Williston A. Gaylord, 
John F. Ryan, 
Lewis P. Abbott 



District Chiefs. 
Headquarters, Ladder-house 



2 

9 

8 

Engine-house 4 

" . 1 

22 

Ladder-house 12 

4 

Engine-house 18 

41 

28 



Force and Pay-roll, February 1, 1903. 

Commissioner ..... $5,000 per i 

Secretary . . . . . 2,500 

Chief of Department . 3,500 

Assistant Chief . 2,400 

Second Assistant Chief . . . 2,200 

Superintendent of Fire-alarms . . 3,200 

Assistant Superintendent of Fire-alarms, 2,000 

Superintendent of Repair-shop . . 2,000 

Assistant Superintendent of Repair-shop, 1,800 

Hydraulic Engineer .... 1,600 



City Document No. 16. 



Veterinary Surgeon 
Medical Examiner 
Purchasing Officer 
Foreman of Hose and 
Storekeeper 
Master Carpenter 
Master Painter . 
Bookkeeper 
3 Clerks 

11 District Chiefs 
51 Captains 
69 Lieutenants 
46 Engineers . 
38 Assistant Engineers 

1 Assistant Engineer 

2 Assistant Engineers 
493 Permanent men. 
371 at 

33 at 
24 at 
41 at 
24 at . 
'81 Call-men. 

1 at . 

12 at 
68 at 
11 Chiefs' Drivers 

2 " " 

2 Watchmen 

3 Hostlers (average) 
1 Horseshoer 



Harness Shop 



2,000 
900 


per annum 

u 


1,600 
1,400 




1,200 
1,300 




1,300 
1,650 




1,400 


u 


2,000 
1,600 
1,400 
1,300 
1,200 
1,100 
1,000 


u 
u 
u 

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it 

a. 


1,200 
1,100 
1,000 


« 


900 


u 


720 


u 


325 


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a 


200 


(( 


1 

2 


75 per day 
25 


1,000 

1 

3 


per annum 
95 per day 
00 « 



FlRE-ALARM FORCE. 

6 Operators ..... $1,600 per annum. 
3 Assistant Operators . . . 1,200 " 

1 Foreman of Construction . . 1,800 " 
17 Telegraphers and Linemen (average), 2 94 per day. 



Repair-shop Employees. 



1 Sanitary Engineer 

1 Engineer 

1 Assistant Engineer 

1 Painter 

1 . . 



L,300 per annum. 
3 00 per day. 

2 50 « 

3 75 » 
2 50 " 



Fire Department. 



2 Wheelwrights 


3 25 


per day 


4 Machinists ... 


3 25 


u 


1 Machinist 


3 00 


u 


1 .... 


2 75 


(t 


2 Blacksmiths 


3 50 


IC 


1 Blacksmith 


3 25 


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3 Blacksmiths' Helpers . 


2 50 


u 


1 Hose and Harness-repairer . 


1 50 


« 


4 Laborers (average) 


2 05 


t « 


3 total force. 







Fire Districts. 
The city is divided into twelve fire districts, as follows : 

District 1. 
All that part of Boston known as East Boston. 

District 2. 
All that part of Boston formerly known as Charlestown. 

District 3. 

The territory bounded on the north and east by the water 
front, on the south by Summer street, and on the west by 
Washington and Charlestown streets. 

District 4- 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river, 
on the east by Charlestown and Washington streets, on the 
south by Winter, Park and Beacon streets, and on the west 
by the Charles river and Berkeley street. 

District 5. 

The territory bounded on the north by Beacon, Park, Win- 
ter and Summer streets, on the east by Fort Point channel, 
on the south and west by Broadway, Way, Motte, Castle and 
Ferdinand streets, Columbus avenue and Berkeley street. 



District 6. 

All that part of Boston known as South Boston, and run- 
ning south as far as Dorset and Locust streets. 



City Document No. 16. 



District 7. 



The territory bounded on the north by Berkeley street r 
Columbus avenue, Ferdinand, Castle, Motte and Way 
streets and Broadway, on the east by Fort Point channel and 
South bay, on the south by Massachusetts avenue, and onthe- 
west by the Charles river. 

District 8. 

The territory bounded on the north by the Charles river 
and Massachusetts avenue, on the east by Washington street, 
on the south by Atherton and Mozart streets, Chestnut ave- 
nue, Sheridan and Centre streets, Hyde square, Perkins,. 
Catalpa and Castleton streets, across Jamaicaway to the 
Brookline line, and on the west by the Brookline line, Beacon 
and Deerfield streets. 

District 9. 

The territory bounded on the north by Massachusetts ave- 
nue, South bay, Dorset and Locust streets,, on the east by 
Dorchester bay, on the south by Freeport, Hancock, Bowdoin 
and Quincy streets, Columbia road, and on the west by Seaver 
street, Columbus avenue and Washington street. 

District 10. 

That part of Dorchester bounded on the north by Seaver 
street, Columbia road, Quincy, Bowdoin, Hancock and Free- 
port streets, on the east by Dorchester bay, on the south by 
the Neponset river and the Rjde Park line, and on the west 
by Harvard street and Blue Hill avenue. 

District 11. 

All that part of Boston known as Brighton, and extending 
east as far as Deerfield and Beacon streets. 

District 12. 

All that part of Boston known as West Rdxbury, bounded 
on the north by a line from the Brookline line across Jamaica- 
way to Castleton street, through Castleton, Catalpa and 
Perkins streets, Hyde square, Centre and Sheridan streets, 
Chestnut avenue, Mozart and Atherton streets, Columbus 
avenue and Seaver street, on the east by Blue Hill avenue 



Fire Department. 7 

and Harvard street, on the south by the Hyde Park and 
Dedham lines, and on the west by the Newton and Brookline 
lines. 

In all cases where streets are designated as boundaries, the 
centre of the street will be the dividing line. 

Assignment op Districts. 

Each district is placed under the charge of a District 
Chief, as follows : 





Chief in Command. 


Companies in Districts. 


District. 


Engines. 


r3 & 

o 


O 

•a 
■d 

03 


a 
.2 

3 

a 

o 
O 


'- ^ 
-tJ o 


1 


Patrick E . Keyes — 

C H. W.Pope 

Joseph M. Garrity... 
Peter F.McDonough , 

Nathan L. Hussey 

Edwin A. Perkins 


5, 9, 11, 40 

27, 32, 86 

8, 25, 31, 44 

* 4, 6, 10 

7, * 26, 35 

* 1, 2, 15, 38, 39, 43 

3, * 22, 33 - 

13, 14, 37 

12, 21, 23, 24 

16, 17, * 18, 19, 20 

29, 34, * 41 

* 28, 30, 42, 45 


7 
9 

1 

2 
8 
4 
12 
10 

6 
5 


*2 

*9 

*8, 14 

1 

17 

5,18 

3, 13, 15 

*12 

*4 

6,7 

11 

10, 16 


4 

5,7 

8 

2,3 

10 

6 

1,11 

9 




2... 

3 




4 


1 


5 




6 


3 




2 


8 


Edward H. Sawyer.. 
Williston A.Gaylord, 

John F. Ryan 

Lewis P. Abbott 




9 




10 




11 




12 









* Headquarters of District Chief. 

The following property is in charge of the Fire Commis- 
sioner : 



Houses. 



Location. 


Number 
of feet 
in lot. 


Assessed 
Valuation. 


Occupied by 




8,169 

4,000 
4,000 


$25,800 

16,400 
30,000 


Engine 1 and Ladder- 
house 5 on this lot. 

Engine 2. 

Engine 3 and Ladder 3. 









City Document No. 16. 

Houses. — Continued. 



Location. 



Number 
of feet 
in lot. 



Assessed 
Valuation, 



Occupied by 



Bulfinch st 

Marion St., East Boston 

Leverett st 

East st 

Salem st 

Paris St., East Boston 

River st 

Saratoga and Byron sts., East Boston, 

Dudley st 

Cabot st 

Centre st 

Dorchester ave 

Corner River and Temple sts 

Meeting House Hill, Dorchester Dis- 
trict 

Harvard St., Dorchester District 

Norfolk st., " " 

Walnut St., " " 

Columbia road " " 

Warren ave 

Northampton st 

Corner Warren and Quincy sts 

Fort Hill sq 

Mason st 

Elm St., Charlestown District 

Centre St., Jamaica Plain 

Chestnut Hill ave., Brighton District, 
Centre st., West Roxbury District 

Bunker Hill st. .Charlestown District, 

Corner Boylston and Hereford sts.. . . 

Western ave., Brighton 

Monument St., Chariestown District, 

Corner Longwood and Brookline 
aves 



6,098 

1,647 

2,269 
1,893 
2,568 
4,720 
1,886 
10,000 

7,320 
4,832 
5,713 
2,803 
12,736 

9,450 

9,440 
7,683 
9,000 

10,341 
7,500 
3,445 

4,186 
4,175 

5,623 
2,600 
10,377 
14,358 
12,251 

8,188 
5,646 
4,637 
5,668 

5,231 



96,000 

9,000 
35,000 
35,400 
22,800 
29,200 
20,000 
38,500 

25,000 
16,000 
14,600 
20,000 
19,200 

17,300 

18,300 
14,200 
16,800 

17,100 
62,500 
13,200 
18,100 
88,100 

113,000 
18,000 
28,300 
37,200 
25,000 

26,200 
66,000 
17,800 
21,000 

13,200 



Engine 4, Chemical 1 and 
Tower 1. 

Engine 5. 

Engine 6. 

Engine 7. 

Engine 8. 

Engine 9 and Ladder 2. 

Engine 10. 

Engine 11 and Combina- 
tion 4. 

Engine 12. 

Engine 13. 

Engine 14. 

Engine 15. 

Engine 16 and Ladder 6. 

Engine 17 and Ladder, 
house 7 on this lot. 

Engine 18. 

Engine 19. 

Engine 20 and Combina- 
tion 11. 

Engine 21. 

Engine 22 and Ladder 13. 

Engine 23. 

Engine 24. 

Engine 25, Ladder 8 and 
Ladder 14. 

Engine 26 and Engine 35. 

Engine 27. 

Engine 28 and Ladder 10. 

Engine 29 and Ladder 11. 

Engine 30 and Combina- 
tion 9. 

Engine 32. 

Engine 33 and Ladder 15. 

Engine 34. 

Engine 36 and Combina- 
tion 5. 

Engine 37 and Combina- 
tion 10. 



Fire Department. 
Houses. — Concluded. 



Number 
of feet 
in lot. 



Assessed 
Valuation 



Occupied by 



Congress st 

Sumner st., East Boston 

Harvard ave., near Cambridge St., 
Brighton District 

Washington, between Atherton and 
Beethoven sts 

Andrew sq 

Washington, corner Poplar st., Ros- 
lindale 

Church st 

Shawmut ave 

Saratoga st., East Boston 

B st 

Eustis st 

Friend st 

Dudley st 

Main st., Charlestown 

Tremont st 

Harrison ave 

Pittsburgh St., South Boston 

Dorchester ave., Ashmont 

Fourth st 

Washington st., Dorchester 

Winthrop st 

North Grove st 



4,000 
4,010 

6,112 

3,848 
5,133 

14,729 
3,412 
889 
9,300 
1,804 
1,754 
1,676 
3,923 
4,290 
4,311 

2,134 
11,363 
4,875 
3,101 
6,874 
3,000 
3,918 



37,000 
18,000 



22,900 
20,100 

22,400 
23,600 
5,700 
25,600 
7,800 
7,500 
34,000 
26,000 
17,700 
25,700 

24,100 
29,400 
22,900 
11,000 
21,400 
13,200 
18,000 



Engine 38 and Engine 39. 
Engine 40. 

Engine 41 and Chemical 6. 

Engine 42 and Chemical 5. 

Engine 43 and Combina 
tion 3. 

Engine 45 and Ladder 16.. 

Chemical Engine 2. 

Chemical Engine 4. 

Chemical Engine 7. 

Chemical Engine 8. 

Chemical Engine 10. 

Ladder 1. 

Ladder 4. 

Ladder 9 and Chemical 9. 

Ladder 12 and Chemical 
12. 

Ladder 17. 

Ladder 18. 

Combination 1. 

Combination 2. 

Combination 6. 

Combination 7. 

Combination 8. 



Fuel-house, Dorchester street, 1,610 feetof land, 
Fuel-house, Salem street, 417 feet of land 
Fuel-house, Main street, Charlestown, 2,430 

feet of land ...... 

Headquarters building and repair-shop, corner 

of Albany and Bristol streets, 23,679 feet . 
Water Tower No. 2 and Wrecking Wagon are 

in Headquarters building. 
Veterinary Hospital, Atkinson street, 64,442 

feet of land ...... 

Fuel-house, Washington, near Dover street, 

1,007 feet of land 



Assessed Valuation. 



$3,300. 
3,400. 

7,200. 

185,000. 



36,300. 
13,500. 



10 



City Document No. 16. 



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1? 



New Apparatus Purchased during the Year. 

1 extra first-size Amoskeag engine (second-hand). 

4 first-size hose wagons with rubber tires. 

1 aerial truck. 

1 combination truck. 



Amount of hose purchased and condemned during the 
year: 

Purchased. Condemned. 

Leading cotton, 10,500 feet. 6,100 feet. 

rubber, 1,300 " 1,800 " 

Chemical, 1,000 « 1,100 « 

Suction, 198 " 105 » 



Totals, 



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9,105 » 



Amount of hose in use and in store February 1, 1903 : 



In Use 

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" rubber, 
Chemical, 
Suction, 


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5,250 
10,450 
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In Store. 

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2,150 » 
950 « 
148 " 

21,298 " 




Totals, 


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Horses. 








Purchased during th 

Sold or exchanged . 

Died 

Killed for cause 

Killed in service 

Number in the depar 


3 year 
;ment 










60 
41 

1 

9 

1 

382 



18 



City Document No. 16. 



Expenditures for the Year. 

Salaries 

Repairs of apparatus 

" " houses . 
New apparatus 

" hose 
Repairs of hose 
Fuel . 

Electric and gas-lighting 
Printing and stationery 
Furniture and bedding 
Small supplies 

Horses — purchase and exchange 
Horse-hire and keeping 
Hay, grain and straw 
Washing 
Shoeing 

Harnesses and repairs 
Oils, chemicals, etc. 
Hats, badges and button 
Ladders and repairs 
Tools for repair-shop and mechanics 
Extra service 
Reservoirs and hydrants 
Contingencies 
Pensions 

Rent for buildings, telephones, etc 
Construction and material, fire-alarm brand: 
Underground construction 
Salt water fire-service 



Income. 

Sale of manure ..... 
Rent ....... 

Old material ..... 

Licenses for the sale of fireworks and gun- 
powder ....... 

Bath department, steam for Dover street bath- 
house . . . . . . 



)89,416 


45 


40,376 


20 


18,941 


98 


11,353 


52 


18,110 


37 


850 


12 


30,146 


88 


11,484 


30 


2,368 


08 


2,938 


75 


8,775 


48 


8,584 


77 


3,038 


21 


43,181 


60 


3,641 


95 


17,528 


73 


2,995 


20 


2,889 


39 


1,025 


91 


189 


33 


744 


30 


1,548 


93 


45 


32 


5,606 


72 


64,478 


63 


8,365 


01 


7,260 


72 


11,514 


35 


1 


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10 


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20 



City Document No. 16. 



Causes of Fires and Alarms from -February 1, 1902, 
to February 1, 1903. 



Alarms, accidental automatic .... 


96 


" false . . . . 


78 


" out of city . . - . 


24 


Ashes, hot, in wooden receptacle 


39 


Boiling over of fat or tar ..... 


32 


Bonfires, grass, rubbish, etc., set by boys . 


362 


Boys breaking windows ..... 


1 


Careless use of lamps, candles, etc. . 


48 


" " " pipes and cigars in smoking 


47 


Chimneys, soot burning ..... 


98 


" defective ...... 


39 


Clothes too near stove ..... 


9 


Cry of " Help " mistaken for fire 


1 


Defective flue ....... 


12 


" stove-pipe. . . . . . 


4 


" furnace ...... 


6 


" fireplace ...... 


6 


" oven 


2 


" automobile ..... 


1 


" gas-pipe ...... 


14 


Electric motor igniting car .... 


4 


" wires ....... v 


32 


Explosion and ignition of chemicals 


8 


Fireworks ....... 


30 


Friction ........ 


4 


Fumigating ....... 


6 


Gas, explosion of ..... . 


3 


" jet setting fire ...... 


39 


" stove, careless use of, and explosion . 


16 


Hot iron igniting woodwork .... 


3 


Incendiary ....... 


47 


" supposed ..... 


21 


Kerosene used to light fire .... 


1 


Lamp explosion ...... 


53 


" upsetting and breaking .... 


71 


Light mistaken for fire . . . . . 


16 


Lightning ....... 


3 


Matches and rats ...... 


24 


" " children ..... 


82 


" careless use of . 


163 


Meat burning on stove ..... 


6 


Naphtha, careless use of, and ignition 


29 


Oil stove, careless use of, and explosion . 


92 



Fire Department. 



21 



Overheated boiler or steam-pipe 

" stove or furnace 

Plastering, drying . 
Plumber's stove upsetting 
Set by boys .... 
Slacking of lime 
Smoky chimneys 

" stove or furnace . 
Sparks from another fire . 

" " boiler . 

" " chimney 

" " engine or locomotive 

" " forge . 

" " furnace or stove . 

" " open grate . 

" " trolley wire . 

Spontaneous combustion . 
Steam escaping 

Train wreck .... 
Unknown . . . . 

Water-pipes, thawing out . 
Water-back bursting 

Total .... 



19 
41 

6 

6 

87 

1 

48 

68 

3 

6 

41 

29 

10 

22 

2 

1 

58 

9 

1 

465 

19 



2,616 



Extinguished by 

Extinguishers ..... 

Buckets of water .... 

Chemical engines .... 

Hydrant stream .... 

Steamers ...... 

Miscellaneous, brooms, stamping out and smothering, 

Citizens . 

Sprinklers ..... 

Summary of construction, extension, renewal and 
work done for the maintenance and operation of the 
alarm branch for the year ending January 31, 1903 : 

Overhead wire used, chiefly for rebuild- 
ing the lines in Charlestown and 

East Boston 366,960 

Old wire taken down .... 385,440 

Cable run overhead .... 9,070 

Conductors in same .... 54,521 

Overhead cable taken down . . 4,295 



420 
276 
450 
198 
381 
171 
301 
6 

repair 

Fire- 



feet. 



13,524.9 

3,257 
16,537.8 
19,471 
493,375 


it 

u 
u 
ti 

u 


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22 City Document No. 16. 

Conductors in same .... 24,376 feet. 

Underground cable laid in N. E. tele- 
phone ducts ..... 

Ducts put in by this department . 

Total ducts owned by city . 

Total underground cable laid 

Conductors in same .... 

Total cable under ground February 1, 
1903 

Conductors in same 

Service connections 

Boxes rebuilt 

Cross-arms used 

New boxes added to service, including 15 with 
auxiliary attachment 

Boxes changed to keyless door 

Boxes changed to lamp-posts 

New lamp-posts set 

Lamp-posts set to replace posts broken by accident, 6 

Boxes in service ...... 647 

Bell alarms struck in year ending December 31, 

1902 * . . 1,566 

Blows struck on bells, gongs and tappers . 10,734,147 



Alarm Bells. 
The Fire-alarm Telegraph is connected with the following 

bells : 

Adams School-house, Sumner street, East Boston, steel, 
2,995 lbs., owned by city. 

Bunker Hill School-house, Charlestown, composition, 2,009 
lbs., owned by city. 

City Hall, Charlestown, composition, 3,600 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 16, Temple street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 4,149 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 17, Meeting House Hill, Dorchester, com- 
position, 4,000 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 19, Mattapan, Dorchester, composition, 
2,927 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 20, Walnut street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,061 lbs., owned by city. 

Engine-house No 28, West Roxbury, composition, 4,000 lbs., 
owned by city. 

Engine-house No. 29, Brighton, steel, 1,535 lbs., owned by 
city. 



Fire Department. 23 

Engine-house, Mt. Vernon street, West Roxbury, steel, 1,000 

lbs., owned by city. 
Engine-house No. 34, Brighton, composition, 1,501 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Engine-house No. 41, Allston, composition, 900 lbs., owned 

by city. 
Engine-house No. 45, Roslindale, composition, 1,059 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Lewis School-house, Dale street, Roxbury, composition, 

3,104 lbs., owned by city. 
Maverick-street Church, East Boston, composition, 2,000 lbs. 
Princeton-street School-house, East Boston, composition, 

2,470 lbs., owned by city. 
Saratoga-street M. E. Church, East Boston, steel, 1,968 lbs., 

owned by city. 
Warren School-house, Charles town, composition, 3,000 lbs., 

owned by city. 

Bells owned by the city, which have been disconnected 
from service, are located as follows : 

Berkeley Temple, composition, 2,941 lbs. Formerly used on 
Quincy School-house. 

Chapman School-house, steel, 3,109^' lbs., taken down and 
stored by Public Buildings Department. 

Engine-house No. 1, Dorchester street, South Boston, com- 
position, 2,911 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 2, composition, 800 lbs. 

Engine-house No. 18, Harvard street, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,184 lbs. 

Engine-house, No. 21, Columbia road, Dorchester, composi- 
tion, 3,026 lbs. 

Faneuil Hall, steel, 5,816 lbs. 

Ladder-house No. 4, Dudley street, Roxbury, composition, 
3,509 lbs. 

Lawrence School-house, B street,South Boston, steel, 3,400 lbs. 

Lincoln School-house, Broadway, South Boston, composition, 
3,110 lbs. 

Smith-street School-house, Roxbury, composition, 4,083 lbs. 

Ticknor School-house, Dorchester street, Washington Village, 
steel, 2,995 lbs. 

Trinity Church, Trenton street, East Boston, composition, 
1,760 lbs. Formerly used on Castle-street Church. 

Van Nostrand's Brewery, Charlestown, composition, 818 lbs. 
Formerly used on Boylston School-house. 

Wells School-house, Blossom street, composition, 1,675 lbs. 

Winthrop School-house, Charlestown, composition, 3,000 lbs. 



24 City Document No. 16. 



Public Clocks. 

The following public clocks, thirty-eight in number, are 
taken care of by the Fire Department: 

City Proper. 

Arlington-street Church. 

Charles-street Church. 

Christ Church, Salem street, owned by city. 

Commercial Wharf. 

Odd Fellows' Hall, Tremont street, owned by city. 

Old South Church, owned by city. 

Old State House, owned by city. 

Park-street Church. 

Suffolk County Jail, owned by city. 

St. Stephen's Church, Clark street, owned by city. 

Shawmut-avenue Church. 

Tremont M. E. Church, owned by city. 

Young Men's Christian Union, owned by city. 

South Boston. 

Gaston School-house, owned by city. 

Lincoln School-house, owned by city. 

Phillips Church, owned by city. 

St. Augustine Church, Dorchester street, owned by city. 

Ticknor School-house, Washington Village, owned by city. 

East Boston. 

Central-square Church. 
London-street Church, owned by city. 
Lyceum Hall, owned by city. 
Trinity Church, owned by city. 
Orient Heights Church, owned by city. 

Roxbury. 

Winthrop-street, Church, owned by city. 

Boston Elevated Railway Car-house, Columbus avenue. 

Dorchester. 

Baker Memorial (Upham's Corner), owned by city. 
Neponset Church. 

Tiles ton school (Mattapan), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church (Milton Lower Mills). 



Fire Department. 25 

Charlestown. 

Bunker Hill Church. 

City Hall, owned by city. 

Harvard Hill Church. 

High School-house, owned by city. 

Unitarian Church. 

West Roxbury. 

Dr. Strong's Church, (South Evangelical), owned by city. 
Unitarian Church, Jamaica Plain, owned by city. 
Congregational Church (Roslindale), owned by city. 

Brighton. 

Bennett School-house, owned by city. 

The following Fire-alarm boxes are private property : 113, 
117, 119, 149/152, 161, 163, 164, 166, 212, 223, 227, 228, 

244, 271, 281, 283, 297, 299, 342, 422, 434, 442, 443, 445, 

446, 447, 448, 449, 466, 467, 468, 495, 511, 533, 617, 619, 

624, 629, 698, 711, 714, 715, 716, 718, 722, 724, 725, 727, 

728, 729, 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 736, 737, 739, 741, 742, 

744, 745, 746, 755, 758, 759, 762, 766, 767, 773, 778, 779, 

789, 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 799, 816, 828, 838, 
842, 864, 865, 919, 927, 967, 969, 971, 974. 

Your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Russell, 

Commissioner. 



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