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Full text of "Annual report of the American Baptist Missionary Union"



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 




THl RTY-SIXTH 

ANNUAL EEPORT: 






WITH THE 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE AIInUAL MEETINGS, 



BUFFALO, N. Y., MAY 14-17, 1850. 



A r^^ 



B O S T O N : 
MISSIONARY KOOMS, 33 SOMERSET STREET. 

1850. 



DamreU & Moore, ^'rin^e^^, 1(3 DeTcDShiie Strtet. 



AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONARY UNION. 



THIRTY-SIXTH 



ANNUAL REPORT: 



WITH THE 



PEOCEEDINGS OE THE ANNUAL MEETINGS, 



BUFFALO, N. Y., MAY 14-17. 1850. 



BOSTON: 

MISSIONARY ROOMS, 33 SOMERSET STREET. 
1850. 



INDEX. 



Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Board, 3 

Resuscitation of the Ava Mission, 6 

Comparative Claims of Missions to Reinforcement, 13 

Reports of Committees : — Maulmain Missions, 5 ; Ava Mission, 9 ; Rein- 
forcements and Appropriations 1850-1, 11 ; German Mission, 12 ; Com- 
parative Claims of Missions to Reinforcement, 18; Indian Missions, 19 ; 
Siam and Chinese Missions, 20 ; Publications, 21 ; Assam and Teloogoo 
Missions, 22 ; Karen Missions, 23 ; Agencies, 24 ; Obituaries, 25 ; Bassa 
Mission, 26; French and Greek Missions, 27; Burmese Missions, 29; 

Finances, 30 

Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Union, 32 

Members present, 32 

Report of the Board to the Union, 35 

Report on Change of Time for holding the Annual Meetings, 36 

Report on the Apportionment of Members of the Board, 37 

Election of Officers, 38 

" " Managers, 38 

Reinforcements and Appropriations for 1850-1, 39 

Designation of Missionaries, 43 

Instructions of the Executive Committee, 43 

Meeting of the Board for 1850-1, 48 

Election of Officers, 48 

" " Executive Committee, Secretaries, Treasurer and Auditors, 49 

Thirty-sixth Annual Report, 50 

Home Operations: — Missionary Rooms, 50; Financial Operations, 51; 
Agencies, 54; Publications, 55 ; Missionaries Appointed, 57; Member- 
ship of the Union, 57 

Operations of the Missions: — Maulmain Burman, 58; Maulmain Karen, 
60; Tavoy, 64; Arracan, 66; Sandoway, 69; Siam, 70; China, 73; 
Assam, 76 ; Teloogoos, 79 ; Bassas, 81 ; France, 81 ; Germany, 87 ; 
Greece, 91 ; Ojibwas, 93 ; Ottawas, 93 ; Tuscaroras, 94 ; Shawanoes, 95 ; 

Cherokees, ; 96 

Recapitulation, 98 

Table of the Missions, Sfc, 99 

Report of the Treasurer, 100 

Appendix. — Constitution of the Union, 104; Preachers at Triennial and 
Annual Meetings, 107 ; Officers of the Union, 108 ; Life Members of 
the Union, 109 



' ANNUAL MEETINGS. 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS. 



Buffalo, Tuesday, 31<nj 14, 1850. 

At 10 o'clock, A. 51., the Board of Managers of the American Baptist 
Missionary Union, held its thirty-sixth annual meeting with the Washington 
Street Baptist Church, Buffalo, N. Y. 

A letter from the Hon. James H. Duncan, Chairman of the Board, assigning 
reasons for his absence from the meeting, was read, and on motion, Rev. Elisha 
Tucker, D. D., of 111., was appointed Chairman, />ro tern. 

The services were commenced with singing, and prayer by Rev. B. T. Welch, 
D. D., ofN. Y. 

A season of prayer was then observed for the blessing of God on the 
deliberations of the Board and the Union, and upon the missions under their 
direction. Rev. 0. C. Comstock, D. Ives, and R. H. Neale led in prayer. 

The Recording Secretary being temporarily absent. Rev. Jirah D. Cole, of 
N. Y., was appointed Recording Secretary, joj'o tern. 

The roll of the Board was then called, and the following members answered 
to their names : 



Ministers. 
T. F. Caldicott, 
Jonah G. Warren, 
liEvi Tucker, 
A. D. Gillette, 
C. B. Davis, 
Elisha Cushman, 
Isaac Wescott, 
J. L. Burrows, 
E. Tucker, 
L. F. Beecher, 
R. H. Neale, 
DwiGHT Ives, 

E. G. EORINSON, 



Ministers. 
Alfred Bennett, 
William R. Williams, 
Morgan J. Rhees, 
E. L. Magoon, 
John Jennings, 
E. E. L. Taylor, 

J. G. COLLOM, 

S. W. Adams, 
L. Raymond, 

N. COLYER, 

J. N. Granger, 
C. P. Sheldon, 
M. Allen. 



Laymen^ 
Wm. Bucknell, Jr., 
D. Sanderson, 
J. Borden, 
T. Wattsc^-, 
B. Greenough, 
John Conant, 
D. R. Barton, 
Geo. James, 
J. N. Wilder, 
D. M. Wilson. 



The Chairman made a brief and appropriate address to the Board. 



4 TMrty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [May, 

Letters, accounting for absence from the meeting, were read from Eev. F. 
Wayland, D. D., of K. I., E. Hutchinson, of Vt., and C. Evans, of Mich. 

The times of meeting were fixed at 9 A. M., and 2^, and 7^- P. M.; and of 
adjournment at 12|, and 5 o'clock, P. M. 

V. K. Hotchkiss, C. P. Sheldon, E. Bright, Jr., and R. E. Eddy were 
appointed a Committee to make arrangements for the devotional and public 
missionary meetings to be held during the session. 

The Treasurer, R. E. Eddy, Esq., read his Annual Report, showing the 
expenditure during the year ending March 31, 1850, of S84,147.23, and 
the receipt, during the same period, of $87,537.20, exclusive of grants made 
by the U. S. Government and coordinate Societies. 

The report of the Auditing Committee, Messrs. Charles D. Gould and 
Joshua Loring, was read. 

The reports were laid on the table. 

The Annual Report of the Executive Committee was read by Rev. E. Bright, 
Jr., one of the Corresponding Secretaries, assisted by Rev. B. Stow, D. D., — 
Rev. S. Peck, D. D., being absent on account of severe illness. 

This report, with that of the Treasurer and the Auditing Committee, was 
on motion referred to the following committees : 

1. On, Obituaries. — H. J. Ripley, L. Raymond, J. B. Olcott. 

2. On Finances. — D. R. Barton, D. M. Wilson, J. Borden, L. D, Boone, 
B. Greenough. 

3. On Publications.— A. S. Train, H. Fletcher, H. Y. Jones, J. T. 
Seeley, W. Bucknell, Jr. 

4. On Agencies. — C. B. Davis, E. Cushman, J. L. Moore, S. Tucker, 
D. Bowen. 

5. On Burmese 3Iissions. — E. G. Robinson, N. G. Lovell, H. Davis, 
T. Wattson, S. N. Kendrick. 

6. On Karen Missions. — S. F. Smith, E. E. Cummings, J. G. Collom, 
R. R. Raymond, M. Allen. 

7. Siam and Chinese Missions. — 0. C. Comstock, W. Clarke, S, J. 
Drake, J. C. Foster, T. D. Chollar. 

8. Assam and Teloogoo Missions. — D. Ives, J. Smitzer, H. I. Parker, 
J. Jennings, S. Haskell. 

9. Bassa 3Iission. — R. Babcock, D. C. Eddy, S. B. Page, N. Hooper, 
S. D. Phelps. 

10. German Mission.— L. Tucker, B. T. Welch, I. Wescott, W. Doug- 
lass, T. 0. Lincoln. 

11. French and Greeh Missions. — L. F. Beecher, I. Harris, H. Seaver, 
G. W. Harris, J. Hall, J. Reed. 

12. Indian Missions. — J. N. Granger, N. Colver, A. Bennett, A. D. 
Gillette, S. W. Adams, J. N. Wilder, Jesse Elliott, E. E. Cummings, T. 0. 
Lincoln. 

Adjourned till 2i o'clock, P. M. Prayer by Rev. L. Leonard, of N. Y. 



1850.] Thirty-sixtli Annual Meetlnfj of the Board.. 5 

Tuesday Afterxoox, 2^^ o'clock. 

The Board met. Prayer bj llev. L. Kaymond, of 111. 

It was resolved, that all coiiimittees be nominated by the Chair, and appointed 
by the Board. 

A report on the Comparative Claims of Missions to Pteinforcement, was 
read, and referred to J. Stevens, L. Tucker, A. Wheelock, L. Stone, and A. 
P. Mason. 

The Committee appointed last year on the Claims of the Jlaulmaia Missions, 
reported. The report was adopted. 

The committee appointed at the last meeting of your body, with instructions to 
inquire into the relative claims to reinforcement and support of the Maulmain, 
Burman, and Karen IMissions, and to offer such suggestions to the Executive 
Committee, relating to these missions, as the facts In the case might seem to require, 
respectively present the following report : 

Your committee have attended to the duty assigned them : several meetings 
have been held, and a sub-committee have visited the Missionary Rooms, in 
Boston, where every facility was afforded them for obtaining a full understanding 
of the whole subject. They have also been favored with a personal interview 
with both the Corresponding Secretaries, and with Rev. Messrs. Vinton, Osgood 
and Haswell, returned missionaries. They also' addressed a fraternal letter to the 
Executive Committee, whose reply, your committee are happy to state, shows 
that that body entertain similar views to those to which your committee have 
been led. 

Your committee believe that the Executive body are prepared to sustain both 
these important missions, to the fullest extent allowed by the contributors to the 
Union. Your committee do not find that any further action of the Board, upon 
the subject assigned to them, is required. 

All which is respectfully submitted- S. H. Cone, Ckairnian. 

James N. Geaxger, Secretary. 

A paper on the Resuscitation of the Ava Mission, was read by Rev. E. 
Bright, Jr., and was referred to a Committee consisting of W. R. Williams, P. 
Church, J. L. Burrows, A. M. Beebee and H. T. Love. 

A paper on the Reinforcements and Appropriations for 1S50-1, presented 
by Fwev. E. Bright, Jr., from the Executive Committee, was referred to J. G. 
Warren, M. Stone, D. B. Cheney, N. Crosby and J. F. Wilcox. 

On motion of Rev. S. S. Cutting, a Committee of nine was appointed, to 
inquire into the expediency of changing the time of holding the Annual 
Meeting of the American Baptist Missionary Union, from the month of May 
to the month of September or October; and S. S. Cutting, S. B. Webster, 
P. Work, G. W. Bosworth, L. PL Moore, Z. Freeman, A. D. Gillette, 
J. Schofield, J. Conant and S. J. Drake, were appointed the Committee. 

The Committee on Devotional Exercises reported the following recom- 
mendations : 

1. That this evening's services be devoted to addresses and prayer, in concert 
with our missionaries at their different stations. 

2. That on Wednesday evening missionary meetings be held in' the Wash- 
ington Street Baptist Church, and in the North Presbyterian Church: — that 



6 Tlilrty- Sixth Aitnual fleeting of the Board. [J^'^^Jj 

Rev. J. W. Parker, J. Wade and E. Kincaid, be Invited to address the meeting 
in the Baptist Church ; and Rev. M. Bronson, A. Sutton and J. M. Haswell to 
address that in the Presbyterian Church. 

3. That the Board recommend to the Union that the Annual Sermon be 
preached on Thursday evening, at 7h o'clock. 

4. That they further recommend to the Union, that the designation and 
farewell services, connected with the departure of the missionaries during the 
ensuing season, behold on Friday afternoon, and that they consist of the reading 
of the Instructions of the Executive Committee, — the designation prayer, some 
parting words from the missionaries, and the farewell address to them and to the 
Union, by Hon. G. N. Briggs, President of the Union. 

The report was adopted. 

Adjourned till 7^ o'clock, P. M. Prayer by Rev. N. Colver, of Mass. 



Tuesday Evening, 7^ o'cloch. 

The Board met. The services of the evening were devoted to addresses and 
prayer, in concert Vv'itb our brethren at the missionary stations, in accordance 
with the recommendation of the Committee on Devotional Exercises. 

Addresses were made by Eev. J. M. Haswell, of the Burman Mission ; 
M. Bronson, of the Assam Mission ; and E. Kincaid, reappointed mission- 
ary to Ava ; and prayer was offered by Ptev. B. Stow, D. D., A. D. Gillette 
and N. Colver. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock, to-morrow morning. 



Wednesday Morning, Hay 15. 

The Board met at 9 o'clock, A. M., and the meeting was opened with 
singing, and prayer by Picv. S. Tucker, of 111. 

The Piecording Secretary was present, and assumed the duties of his office. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and approved. 

The Committee on tlie Resuscitation of the Ava Mission reported through Rev. 
W. R. Williams, D. D., chairman. 

The resolution and report were adopted. 

IlESUSCITATIOX OF THE AYA MISSION. 

Soon after the reappointment of the Rev. E. Kincaid, as a missionary to Ava or 
some other place in the northern part of Burmah, the Executive Committee were 
requested to send a missionary-physician to the same field and at the same time. 
The brother who applied for the appointment, besides the qualifications which might 
ordinarily be looked for in a candidate for such service, had the advantage of an 
intimate knowledge of the Burmese people and language. For these reasons, and 
from the conviction that his medical skill would prove a shield to the mission, nearly 
every pastor and several laymen of Philadelphia manifested a lively interest in his 
appointment : and the Committee would have complied with their wishes could it 
have been made probable that a Christian missionary might perform his work 
within the empire, or that the brother would be a successful preacher in one of the 
ceded provinces. In the absence of such information they were unprepared to 
incur the expense and hazard of the experiment without special authorization from 



1850.] Resuscitation of the Ava 3Iission. 7 

tlie Board. They thought it would be better for Mr. Kincald first to go to Maul- 
main or Akyab, carrying -with him the assurance that the medical missionary should 
be appointed on his sending home a carefully formed opinion that the way was 
open for resuming labor in Burmah Proper. Under these circumstances it was 
proposed that so much of the subject as refers to the practicability of resuscitating 
the Ava Mission, and the importance of taking more vigorous measures speedily to 
accomplish it, be laid before the Board at the present session ; and the Committee, 
in doing so, are expected to refer to some of the facts and principles which deserve 
a place in the deliberations that may be given to the question. 

Considerations of grave import and high interest favor the reoccupancy of Ava, 
and other places in Burmah Proper, at the earliest practicable time. These are to 
be found in the relations which American Baptists sustain to the evangelization of 
the empire ; in the character and number of its population ; in the relative position 
of the country; in the necessities of its Christian disciples; and in the expectation 
of the Christian world. The Committee have referred to the intluence which these 
considerations have had on their own minds, in the report on the Comparative 
Claims of Missions to Reinforcement. No missionary field can have stronger 
claims on this Board; and if the opportunity for replanting the mission were 
within reach, it would baffle the wisdom of the wisest to show that the work might 
be left undone without incurring the displeasure of Him whom we serve. 

But is Ava, or any other point in Burmah Proper, accessible to the Christian 
missionary as a field of missionary labor ? The information needed in examining 
this question, can be cjrawn from no higher sources than the statements of the men 
who now are or have been connected with the missions in Burmah. From them 
the Board have learned that, as a result of the revolution of 1837, in which Thur- 
rawadi usurped the throne and expressly prohibited evangelical labor,* the peril of 
conducting the work became so great as to induce every missionary to leave the 
country. Ava was abandoned in that year, and Rangoon in 1838 ; but the mission- 
aries proceeded to the Tenasserlm provinces, with the design of seizing the first 
opportunity of returning to their stations. Mr. Kincald and Mr. Abbott went to 
R.uigoon In 1839, with the hope of recovering their positions. Referring to this 
visit JMr. Abbott said : " I became more fully convinced than ever of the impossi- 
bility of doing anything directly for the Karens under the present government, 
T/ithout involving them in sufferings more serious than they have ever yet expe- 
rienced." And in a letter dated Akyab, 1840, Mr. Kincald said : " Brother Abbott 
and I had been laboring as we could in Maulmain and the villages, waiting for 
some change in Burman affairs. We spent some time in RangoQn, but in the end 
were convinced that it was quite useless to remain, as nothing worthy of being 
called missionary work could be accomplished. Like the merchants we could sit 
in our houses, and, if this were all that was necessary, we could keep the ground. 
There is no difficulty about living in Burmah, but we could not teach the people, 
for the people dare not come near us. While this state of things existed, and there 
were other large fields open to our efforts, it seemed not the part of wisdom to 
remain idle in Burmah. The command is plain, ' If they persecute you in one city 
flee to another.' When, In the providence of God, Burmah shall be open to our 
Intercourse with the people, in a very few days we could go over to Basseln, or by 
the Aiag pass could go directly to Ava." These were the facts and opinions 
which led the missionaries to abandon their stations in Burmah, and subsequently to 
plant others in the ceded provinces. 

* See an article by Rev, E. Kincaid, on Revolutions in Burmah, in Missionnr r Magazine 
for IS4G, p.- 10.5. 



8 Thirty-Sixth Annual 3Ieeting of the Board. [May, 

From that time to the present the missionaries, both Burman and Karen, have 
manifested earnest soHoitude for the renewal of operations in Burmah. Mr. Ini-alls 
was desirous of being located there in 1844, and Messrs. Vinton, Stevens and Ingalls 
went to Rangoon in the dry season of 1844-5 to ascertain the practicability of 
occupying it; but they found nothing to justify the experiment. Early in 1846 
tidings reached this country that the reign of the intolerant Thurrawadi had been 
superseded by a regency, in which the intelligent and magnanimous Mekara was 
said to hold a conspicuous place, and in 1847 Dr. Judson removed to Rangoon with 
the hope of renewing the work of evangelization. The aged governor received him 
favorably, " not as a missionary," however, " but as a minister of a foreign religion, 
ministering to foreigners resident in the place, and as a dictionary -maker, laboring to 
promote the welfare of both countries." After residing in the city a few weeks. Dr. 
Judson wrote, under date of March 28 : " The present administration of government, 
though rather more friendly to foreigners, is more rigidly intolerant than that of the 
late king Thurrawadi. Any known attempt at proselyting would be instantly amena- 
ble at the criminal tribunal, and would probably be punished by the imprisonment or 
death of the proselyte, and the banishment of the missionary." Dr. Judson was not 
allowed to wait long for an illustration of the hostile disposition of the government. 
His Sabbath services were broken up ; and he concluded that a footing in Rangoon 
could be obtained only by securing some countenance at Ava. The aged governor 
consented to the measure, and arrangements were made for visiting the capital ; 
but the journey was prevented by an unforeseen deficiency of funds, and an unfa- 
vorable change in the administration of the government of Rangoon. The lack of 
funds was made up as soon as the Committee knew of its existence, but Dr. Judson 
returned to Maulmain in September, 1847. No attempt has since been made to 
resume missionary operations at Rangoon, and no change is known to have taken 
place in the policy of the Burmese government. 

Mr. Abbott returned to Sandoway in November of 1847, determined, if possible, 
to plant a missionary station at some point in the province of Bassein or Rangoon 5 
and the Committee gave him assurance of every help at their command. His heart 
yearned with paternal solicitude over the thousands of Karen disciples who needed 
his succor; and it was his intention to seek a foothold in Burmah Proper, through 
what might appear to be the most favorable route after re-surveying the ground. 
The first attempt was made in December, 1848, by way of Bassein river; the 
second early in 1849, by crossing the hills at the head of the river ; but both attempts 
were unsuccessful. Dread of impeachment before the king, led the governor of 
Bassein to refuse the missionary admission within his territory in the first instance, 
and to drive him out of it in the second. But Mr. Abbott has some reason to hope 
that these attempts will, in the end, open the way for him to reenter Burmah. His 
latest letters, however, speak of the measure as being now impracticable ; and 
within the last six months missionaries at Akyab, Maulmain and Tavoy, have spon- 
taneously given the same opinion. One of them, Mr. Ingalls, of Akyab, in a letter, 
dated December 24, 1849, suggests a commercial treaty, between the government 
of the United States and the court of Ava, as the only feasible plan of regaining 
our ground in the empire; and measures have been taken to bring the subject to 
the notii.'C of our government. 

The Committee have thus alluded to the history of the abandonment of Ava and 
Rangoon, and the attempts made to reciccupy them, not because they suppose that 
history to prove Burmah to be inaccessible, or that no direct effort should now be 
made to regain the ground. On the contrary, an appointment was given to Mr. 
Kincaid for this object with all cordiality and without hesitation. But when it was 
proposed to send with him a medical helper, — thus becoming responsible for his 



1850.] Report on Resuscitation of the Ava 3Iission. 9 

support during life, -while no such helper was needed in any of the missions of the 
ceded provinces, — the Committee felt bound to wait for the instructions of the 
Board, or for evidence that missions would be tolerated by the Burmese government. 

They also felt the necessity of estimating the probabilities of meeting the addi- 
tional expenditures involved in the reoccupancy of Burmah, — for the appropriations 
desired by existing missions, together with the sending forth of missionaries ready 
to return and those under appointment, will swell the expenditure of the year ending 
April 1, 1851, from $10,000 to $15,000 beyond that of the last year. 

But the Board may deem it wise to direct an expenditure beyond the demands 
of existing operations, in order to give the fairest trial to the intensely interesting 
project of resuscitating the Ava Mission. In that event, the Committee will implic- 
itly and heartily comply with such instructions ; and in any event, they will not 
cease to pray that Burmah may speedily throw open all her gates to the Christian 
missionary, exclaiming, " How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him 
• • • • that publisheth salvation ! " 

On behalf of the Committee, 

Edw. Bright, Jr., Cor. Sec. 

The committee to whom was referred the paper of the Executive Committee on 
the Resuscitation of the Mission to Ava, would respectfully submit to this Board the 
following report : 

The subject is one of grave import, and is not without its peculiar difficulties. 
The renewal of aggressive operations on the part of our mifslons against the heathen- 
ism of Burmah Proper, has been for some years the theme of solicitude, discussion 
and prayer. It seemed a reproach on American Baptists, that whilst their labors had 
been drawn off or excluded from these territories, some members of the much older 
Romish missions remained in comparative security ; although it was understood they 
so remained in virtual inertness, mute and bound, as to any efforts at proselytism. 
Our own labors among the Karens, a noble though a subjugated race of the popula- 
tion of Burmah, had been and yet are crowned with signal benediction. And the 
recent journals of Roman Catholic missions show, that to tuis tield, in which our 
triumphs have far outstripped anv Burman results of their labors, our success has 
provoked them, and in consequence, Romish priests are now going thither to rival, 
to thwart, and, if it may be, to supplant us. 

A brother beloved, who, after long toll in the East, had been spending years 
amongst us, feeding and kindling missionary zeal in this his native country, finds 
himself now In a state to attempt the resumption of his eastern tasks ; and his heart 
yearns to preach Christ at Ava Itself, the imperial capital of Burmah. A large por- 
tion of his family will accompany him: and it is thought that their very presence, 
with the husband and father, will be to Burman suspicion a pledge of the honest 
and unworldly character of his mission. But, severed there, as this family would be 
from such medical relief as is accessible at many other mission stations, it seems de- 
sirable that they should not be sent out so unprovided in their perilous loneliness, 
and where sickness so likely to befall them would become doubly fearful and need- 
lessly fatal. A brother who was in youth long a resident of that country, speaking 
several of its tongues, of approved medical skill, and a kinsman of the missionary, 
and himself of allowed piety and devotion, offers himself and family to attend the 
venture. Brethren in Philadelphia, long the city of his residence, urge his appoint- 
ment and most forcibly. 

On the other hand the Executive Committee at Boston find themselves sur- 
rounded by peculiar embarrassments. Recognizing the worth and medical skill and 
disinterestedness of the missionary physician, thus nominated for appointment, the 



10 TJdrty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [Maj, 

brethren left in the keeping of our Mission Rooms are like Paul the Apostle, 
burdened with tnat charge, so anxious though so blessed a one : " the care of all the 
churches cometh upon " them. They must look "with earnest solicitude to the efTect 
of every new station, established or reoccupied, upon the churches at home, as win- 
ning thi ir decided sanction and support; and upon the missionary churches and la- 
borers alroad, as it may propitiate their judgment, and as it may aid their work on 
the one hand, or on the other hand lesson and divide their resources. 

Our churches In this country have spoken with some distinctness their opinion, 
that the press and the school and the tract may have sometimes crowded dispro- 
portionately on the old apostolic method — the simple preaching of Chri^t's word ; 
and that the Execuiive Committee should therefore sedulously seek to restore the 
balance that may have been disturbed, between such ministerial and other forms of 
missionary labor. The physician in the present case would not go out as an or- 
dained minister. Again, whilst opinions expressed on the part of some brethren, as 
our excellent brother Kincaid himself, and others more or less conversant wlthBur- 
mah, favor the conclusion that Ava is open as a missionary station, several of our 
missionary brethren In Burmah Itself seem to hold an opposite sentiment. If the 
doors of the imperial capital be found yet hopelessly sealed, the casting of the mis- 
sionary enterprise which makes the experiment Into so large and costly a shape, 
would be occasion hereafter of some regret if not complaint. It is allowed that, if 
the gates be found open, a physician may be himself one of the strongest commen- 
da^tlons and safeguards at Ava to a preaching missionary. The Luke, " the beloved 
physician," may not only minister to the bodily infirmities of the Paul, but be the 
usher and defender and patron of the Apostle. But this Is an uncertain result, re- 
mole and problematical ; whilst the pecuniary burdens consequent upon the meas- 
ure would be certain and immediate and permanent. The Executive Committee 
are willing that our brother Kincaid should go forward; and if on trial he find his 
hopes as to the accessibility of the capital to be warranted, that, upon his sending 
back the requisite statements, the appointment of the missionary physician should be 
made, and the entire missionary staff required at the capital be thus completed. 

Now it is the duty of the churches of Christ to cultivate a holy spirit of enterprise, 
and a generous, trusting faith In the God whose promises were never small, and whose 
strength Is not yet spent* But he is also a God of counsel, and would have his 
people walk wisely and in lowliness before him. Whilst he blesses the simple trust 
that is the best basis ot missions, he does not approve the kindled imagination and 
the glowing and self-reliant impulses that are often mistaken for simple faith, but 
which n.ay be more truly entitled the romance of missions. Ava must have great 
influence ; and deserves from us great remembrance and greatest prayers. In the 
first preei/lilng of his gospel, Christ bade the apostles begin at Jerusalem, the Ava 
of Judaism ; and Paul, Christ's great apostle to the uneircumclsion, yearned through 
weary jean to visit Rome, the metropolis of that Gentllism which he especially sought 
to convert. To that Burman race for whom your missionaries have translated the 
Bible,, and so long prayed and toiled — the imperial Ava is both a Jerusalem and a 
Rome, — the seat of civil dominion and the proudest fastness of spiritual delusion and 
despotism. But as God In the early ages of the church soon scattered the apostles 
from Jeiusalem; and made some of the greatest triumphs over Gentllism to be 
won far away from Rome ; so it may be in the labors of the nineteenth century 
upon heathen Bui-mah. The capital having early repelled, may long and obstinately 
exclude what the nation is yet to receive at other points more vulnerable, and through 
channels which no desj)otism can always guard and close. And while Faith is 
daring as against the world, she must be docile and submissive as before the Provi- 
dence that wields the world and guides the church. 



1850.] Beport on Reinforcements and Appropriations. 11 

Your committee have felt the solemnity, the special difficulties, and the vast re- 
sponsibilities that cluster around a wise decision of the pending question. Appre- 
hending in the expected larger expenditures of the coming year requisite for exist- 
ing appointments, a very heavy draught upon your treasury, they yet desire to 
extend, where God seems to beckon us to the work, the cords of the missionary en- 
terprise. But if in stretching out these cords the churches do not actually lengthen 
them by enlarged zeal, contributions and prayer, then the cord so extended at one 
spot will be only tightened at another, and perhaps with the result at this latter 
point to cripple, and it may be to strangle, other branches of our missions where the 
station is less than the present, one of uncertain enterprise, and where the demands 
for help are loud, imperative and unquestionable. Strongly as we may be attached 
to new enterprises of high adventure and large promise — and we are bound to 
them by every tie of Christian sympathy and pious hope — yet we must not forget 
that to the existing stations we are held not only by all those above-named ties, but 
by the added and stronger bonds of the explicit, solemn and repeated pledges we 
have given — pledges we can neither easily discharge nor iunofently forget. 

Some of your committee have leaned, therefore, to the recommendation of the 
Executive Committee, that our brother Kincaid's experiment be first made ; and that 
the appointment of a physician be reserved as a contingency to depend on the suc- 
cess of the experiment at Ava. But to conciliate as far as is possible the wishes of 
all, your committee have concluded to unite in recommending yet another modifica- 
tion. It is, that the Board now recommend to the Executive Committee, to appoint 
a missionary physician : but that, from a regard to the growing demand of the 
churches at home for preachers as laborers in the missionary field, this appointment 
of a physician be with the explicit condition, that if the attempt to plant a station at 
Ava should be in Divine Providence frustrated, then such physician's relations to 
this Board cease. In suggesting this, the committee would expressly protest against 
any misconception. They have formed from concurrent testimony a high estimate 
of the worth of the brother, of his medical skill, and of his pious consecration. But 
they understand that he would be at no loss to secure, in the British colonial or con- 
sular establishments, an appointment with higher remuneration than we can offer, 
and would not therefore incur pecuniary loss or wrong. On the other hand, our mis- 
sions in the ceded provinces, apart from Burmah Proper, do not, it is understood, 
require the increased burden of such medical laborer to be attat^hed to the mission. 
Your committee make, with great' distrust and after protracted and anxious dis- 
cussion, the preceding suggestions as aflbrding what seemed the most feasible, har- 
monious and safe disposal of the question. 

Resolved, That the Board -will sustain the Executive Committee, in vigorous 
efforts to resume missionary operations in Burmah Proper, and will justify (he 
Committee in the appointment of a medical helper, to accompany the Bev. Mr. 
Kincaid in his attempt to reenter that field, on such conditions as are suggested 
by the lleport of the Committee of five on the part of this Board. 

The Committee on Beinforcements and Appropiatioiis for 1850-1, reported 
through Ilev. J. G. Warren, chairman. 

The report and resolutions were adopted, and the paper from tl;e Executive 
Committee on the subject, directed to be read to the Union on Friday morning. 

Your committee have examined with as much care as the time would allow, the 
facts and reasonings of the paper submitted to its consideration, and are prepared 
to sym[)athize mo.-t heartily with the Executive Committee in their perplexity. 

The history of the past, the moderate advance which from year to year has been 



12 Tldrty- Sixth Annual 3Ieeting of the Board. U^^J^ 

made in the offerings to the missionary cause, and the pressing claims of other 
departments of benevolent and Christian enterprise, seem to forbid any considerable 
advance in the expenditures of the coming over those of the past year. Any scale 
of increase unwarranted by the liberality of the churches and involving the Union 
in debt, should, in our judgment, be adopted with caution ; and in no case could 
be justified only by the sternest necessity. Still we solemnly believe our motto 
should be onward. Omvard, onward, in an enterprise like this, indicates the only 
policy that can ensure success, or that is at all in keeping with the magnitude of the 
objects to be realized. To devise small things is to go backward. To devise 
liberal things is to go forward. 

Our God has gone out before us, so as he never went out before the church in 
any former period. Is it not alike our duty and our honor to follow ? As the 
leaders of the sacramental host of God's elect, is it not the duty of the members of 
this Board and this Union, to go out before the people ? and so surely as they do 
it, in the spirit of self-sacrifice, will not the people follow ? God by his acts has 
created a demand upon us, and thereby assured us of his confidence in our 
ability and our readiness to meet it. It is our prerogative, by our liberal plans 
and our personal zeal, to create a demand on the resources of the saints, and 
thereby show that we believe them both able and willing to meet that demand. 
God says to us, " Come and see what I am doing, and have a part with me." 
It is our privilege to say to our brethren of like precious faith, Come and see what 
we are doing, and share with us in the Godlike achievement. 

The world is perishing. The heathen are calling for the bread of life. Doors 
of usefulness, wide and effectual, are opened in every land. The Spirit is poured 
out from on high, and convei'ts are multiplied. Our missionaries are fainting on 
the field and crying to us for helpers. Stations, where holy men of God toiled 
and died, are vacant and must be manned anew. Our churches have means 
enough, and more than enough, for every emergency. Your committee •'would 
therefore recommend the adoption of the following resolutions : 

Resolved, as the sense of this Board, That the exigencies of the times and the 
claims of our missions demand for the coming year an outlay of at least twenty 
thousand dollars, over and above the expenditures of the last year. 

Besolved, That by our personal sacrifices, by our influence in the pulpit and out 
of it, by encouraging in every possible way those self-denying men v/ho. In the 
capacity of agents, gather up the offerings of our churches, and above all by devout 
prayer to the God of Missions, whose are the silver and the gold, and in whose 
hands are the hearts of all men, we will seek to meet this claim and swell the 
income of the present year to the requisite amount. 

Resolved, That the paper now under our notice be read before the Union on 
Friday morning, and submitted to the deliberation and action of that body. 

The Committee on the German Mission reported tbrougli Eev. L. Tucker, 
D. D , chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee to whom was referred that part of the report of the Executive 
Committee relating to the German Mission, submit the following : 

It is with emotions of unmingled pleasure, and with unfeigned gratitude to God, 
that we learn that the same eminent success which attended the first efforts of our 
beloved brother Oucken, to preach the gospel to his countrymen, still continues to 
be enjoyed by himself and his coadjutors ; and that the mission shares largely in 
the divine favor. In many respects this may be regarded as the most important 
mission established within the present century. 



1850.] Comparative Claims of Missions to Beinf or cement. 13 

Acting in the very heart of Europe, — characterized by thoughtfulne'ss, integrity, 
perseverance, an unconquerable love of literature and vastness of learning, — the 
German mind is fitted to exert a controlling influence over the nations of 
continental Europe. 

In reading the history of the German churches, the labors of the missionaries 
and pastors, the persecutions endured by some, and the self-denying and self- 
sacrificing spirit manifested by private members, we are reminded of the history 
of the apostolic churches. 

A distinguishing feature of this mission is the fact that the general intelligence 
of the people renders unnecessary much of the preparatory labor required among 
ruder nations. Our missionaries are not obliged to begin their work with the 
alphabet of literature, and perform a tedious amount of preparatory instruction, 
before men can be sufficiently enlightened to comprehend the truths of revelation. 
And though we now find access chiefly to the humbler classes of society, the truths 
of the gospel are powerful enough to subdue the most cultivated minds that now 
sway German thought, and through that the thought of the world. Such a result, 
though it may be far distant in our sight, is not beyond the vision of faith. 

The millions of Germany are now accessible to missionary labor ; and to human 
perception, men and means only are needed to emancipate tliem from the power 
of a transcendental theology, and to work a reformation as spiritual and as perfect 
as that of Luther was political and incomplete. Men they seem to have among 
themselves, and this is one of the most encouraging features in the mission ; but 
though their liberality is truly apostolic, their means are very limited. How 
fervently, therefore, ought we to pray the Lord of the harvest to raise up faithful 
men and send them into this ripened field, and to incline the hearts of his people 
to sustain them. 

Present appearances indicate that Austria is to be converted to the truth through 
the agency of German Christians. Rare facilities also exist for carrying the 
gospel into Hungary, Prussia, Silesia, Denmark, Holland, and other continental 
countries. 

While br. Oucken, the pioneer in this interesting mission, and his successful 
and indefatigable fellow laborers are worn with toil, calls lor help are multiplying, 
new fields are opening daily, and the fruits of their labor are abundant and glorious. 

Your committee do no'; feel at liberty to suggest any alteration in the mode of 
prosecuting a mission which has been so eminently successful, and conducted, so 
far as they are able to judge, with great wisdom and zeal. They would therefore 
recommend it, and the faithful laborers engaged in it, to the liberal support of the 
American churches. 

The Committee on Comparative Claims of the Missions to Reinforcement re- 
ported through llev. J. Stevens, chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

COMPARATIVE CLAIMS OF MISSIONS TO REINFORCEMENT. 

Claims to reinforcement may be founded on the state of the missions in them- 
selves considered, or on the number, character and position of the people to. whom 
they are sent. With respect to claims of the former class, there appears to be at 
present no occasion for extended remark. They pertain ordinarily to states and 
times of destitution and feebleness. They involve considerations aifecting the con- 
tinuance of missions, not so much their effectiveness as bearing on the work to be 
performed. The missions of the Union are not, at this time, in a state to demand 



14 TMrty-Sixtli Annual fleeting of the Board. [^^aj, 

of us an anxious and labored adjustment of tlte'r comparative claims to succor. 
Measures are In progress which, with the blessing which has attended our efforts 
since the reorganization of the Union, and in the same ratio of advancement, will 
place all the missions of the Board, within a very short period, not only above any 
gloomy forebodings of abandonment or extinction, but in a whole and healthful con- 
dition for aggressive movement. What will better comport with the present stage 
of our operations, is a consideration of the claims of missions to enlargement, in 
regard to the people whom they are laboring to enlighten and save. 

1. Missions to Indian Tribes. These are the Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawanoe, and 
Cherokee Missions. 

The Ojibwa iMIssion, located near Lake Superior, with two missionaries and two 
assistants, restricts its operations necessarily to the few and scattered wanderers of 
the tribe who roam in that vicinity, having with rare exceptions no certain dwel- 
ling place. Even the larger bands, amounting In the aggregate to some thousands, 
are dispersed abroad, on the north and west of the Superior, over as many thousand 
sc^uare miles. 

The Ottawa and Shawanoe Missions, with four missionaries, six or eight female 
assistants, and several native helpers, are an adequate provision for the 1,500 or 
2,000 individuals demanding their care. 

In the Cherokee Mission, embracing three missionaries and as many assistants 
and five native preachers with a printing department, it might be pertinent to in- 
quire whether enlargement or reduction, on the part of the Union, would be more 
safe and salutary. The Cherokee churches are rapidly attaining an age and 
strength adequate to their own self-support and prosperous extension, to the main- 
tenance of their own native pastors and for home evangelization. It might be 
wise to encourage them, if encouragement were necessary, to rely more extensively 
on themselves. 

2. Missions in Europe. The reinforcements required by the European Missions 
will be, mainly, in funds. God is raising up in France and Germany able and 
faithful men. His method, we may assume, if the end is to be accomplished, will 
be substantially the same in Greece. 

With respect to the amount of our appropriations, the Imiitatlon is not to be 
found in the extent of demand, nor in the prospect of correspondent returns. The 
work is large. God has set before our brethren, and before us, an open door, in 
times most eventful and auspicious, among communities and races who of themselves 
might best command our sympathies and challenge hope, and who in their relations 
to others are representatives, heads of influence, of the three ecclesiastical commu- 
nions of Europe, — Protestant, Papal and Greek. Our brethren, zealous, cour- 
ageous, self denying, and ready to every good work, cannot accomplish this warfare, 
in its beginnings at least, at their own charges. They are the poor of this world, 
though making many rich. The limitation is the inadequacy of our income, as 
compared with the claims of the heathen world. We now appropriate to these 
missions one eighth of our annual ingatherings. That proportion of our increa?e is 
the least we can impart to their need, the work continuing to advance and yielding 
an hundred fold. 

3. In Africa we have but one mission, the Bassa, now vacant, dependent for its 
existence on native laborers. 

If the Bdssa Mission is to be continued and effectively conducted, it must have 
the labor also and tlie supervision of American missionaries. Tiie number of mis- 
sionaries to be sent may be estimated by the nature and extent of the work de- 
signed to be wrought in a given period, in connection with the liability of its 



ISoO.] Comparative Claims of 2Iissions to Bewforcement. 15 

retardation or interruption by the sli'kness or death of the laborers. The work is 
abundantly large for many hands. The Bassas number in population 120,000. 
They are now within the territory and subject to the jurisdiction of Liberia. The 
influence to be reciprocated between the immigrant and the native population, and 
from Liberia inward upon other races and tribes, is now receiving its life and fea- 
tures. What is to be done must be done quickly. And the Bassas are worthy. ^ 
Compared with other African races they are intelligent and energetic, inclined to 
the arts of peace, accessible, desirous of culture, and open to the teachings of the 
gospel. We have gained their confidence and regard. Their language we have 
reduced to writing. Schools are now in progress. Some have learned from the 
heart the way of life ; a few have become spiritual guides to their countrymen. 
Few missions promise, for labor bestowed, an earlier or richer equivalent. The 
infusion of their character, christianized and nurtured in knowledge, would be no 
disparagement to their brethren transplanted from other Christian shores; much 
less would they fail to be ministers of light and salvation to kindred races, natives 
of Africa, so long the theatre of spoil and outrage, to whom we owe, in common 
with other Christian nations, more than large redress. 

As to danger of retardation or interruption of the work from sickness or death 
of missionaries, what at first might seem a rea^^on for sending but few laborers is 
more justly a motive for their multiplication. The greater the peril to health and 
life, the more abundant, if indeed we intend to achieve the work, should be the 
supplies of Avorkmen. There ought to be relays of laborers. In the Bassa Mission, 
if in any, missionaries should be sent two and two, and the force should be speedily 
duplicated. The number ought to be ample to allow of frequent removals and 
substitutions, for the renewal of health and vigor, without causing the work to 
cease. This will save, and would have saved, valuable lives. 

4. Missions in Asia. 

Pursuing inversely the order of their institution ; — the Teloogoo Mission was rees- 
tablished too recently to add to, or change, materially, the views which in 1848 led 
the Board to direct its resuscitation. The reorganization of the mission has been 
effected. Two missionaries are in the field, bending assiduously to its culture. 
With discouragements such as are common to the process of evangelizing the 
heathen, they have also in fair proportion their grounds of hope. In some of its 
aspects the field is one of marked promise. Our missionaries stand on vantage 
ground gained by fifty years' toil. During all that protracted period the preparatory 
work, for the demoUtion of idolatry in India, and the bringing in of Christianity, 
has been surely advancing, and the crisis is near at hand. Hopeful and expectant 
we wait on God. Meanwhile we must strengthen and extend our ajipliances. We 
must aim not only to give the mission stability and security against a second and 
fatal abandonment, but effectiveness proportionate to its largeness of assured re- 
sults. We owe something to the maintenance of good faith. The reestablishment 
of the mission was grounded on the express stipulation that it should be vigorously 
sustained. For the present necessity the missionary force should be doubled. The 
future we may leave to future progressive manifestations of the divine will. 

The field of operations in the Assam Mission is the valley of the Brahmaputra, 
an area of moderate extent and weU defined, enclosing an easily accessible popu- 
lation of mors than a million of souls, and radiating, as from a centre, a com- 
manding influence upon the surrounding hill tribes. It connects also, by thorough- 
fares, with Manipur and the upper provinces of Burmah, and, less directly, with 
Thibet and the Chinese empire. It is subject, as also the Teloogoo country, to 
British rule. The people of Assam, fettered by caste and by appetite, and under 
the domination of a wily priesthood, are nevertheless, as compared with other races 



16 Tldrty-Sixtli Annual Meeting of the Board. [Maj, 

of India, wanting neither In strength, quickness nor nobleness. They are suscep- 
tible of a generous culture ; a choice field, on which to develop the beneficent, 
diversified Influences of the Christian faith, and the adaptedness of the scheme of 
Christian Missions to spread them abroad. Into ihis field of hopeful promise, by a 
series of providences most unlooked for, but not of doubtful Interpretation, the 
missionaries of the Board were led In 1835, while it yet lay In Its unbroken native 
wlidness. It was committed to our hands for culture. AVe accepted the charge. 
From that day to the present we have been laboring, though with a very Inadequate in- 
strumentality, to fell the forest and sow the seed. God has recompensed abundantly 
our toil. The limitations of our work for Assam are not to be found in Assam, but 
in the bounds of our available resources, and the antagonist claims of other fields. 

Of China, wiih its vast extent of territory, its countless Inhabitants, its growing 
proximity and ease of access from our western shores, its advanced civilization and 
intelligence, Its freedom from caste and comparative looseness of attachment to its 
existing systems of religious faith, Its quick appreciation of the teachings of Chris- 
tianity, of salvation by Jesus Christ, the nature, necessity and way, and Its read- 
iness to accede to Its proifer as Illustrated in numerous instances, vieing In Its pre- 
paredness for the gospel with every olher Asiatic people, one race only excepted ; 
of China the claims to evangelical efforts would seem to challenge. If not exclu- 
sively, our largest sympathies and resources, were It not that these claims are simul- 
taneously and coordinately addressed to other Missionary Instltut'ons, of this and 
other lands ; and were they not, abo, more definitively restricted, under the provi- 
dence of God, to such communiiies, or sections ol the people, as speak the dialects 
which the missionaries of this Union have learned to use. 

The Union has two missions in China, on its southern and eastern borders, at 
Hong Kong and Ningpo. Each mission is well planted, each is ministering the 
gospel in a dialect spoken by many millions of people, and, compared with the 
force provided, each with promise of good success. The Hong Kong Mission, in 
the number of hojDeful converts, has in China, we believe, no parallel. What is 
demanded of us, and what of Itself will involve no ordinary amount of well-directed, 
strenuous effort, is so to sustain these missions that they maj^ prosecute their work 
effectively; promoting at the same time, in common with others, the general 
envangelizatlon of China, by the spread of the written word, and, mediately, by 
such native Instrumentality as the Head of the church may ordain. 

The Slam Is our oldest Asiatic Mission next to the Burman. Situate between 
China and Burmah, Slam is also midway, compared with them, In general science 
and the arts ; and, so far as may be inferred from the past, in Its spirit of tolerance 
as respects foreign systems of faith. It Is less haughty and opinionated than either, 
and more open to light and docile of teaching from abroad. Its estimated 
population Is from three to five millions. Its climate is singularly uniform through- 
out the year, and is pronounced by the oldest foreign residents, comparatively 
not insalubrious. The mission at Bangkok has the confidence and protection of 
the Government. It commands the respect of the people. Its object, spirit, and 
manner of operation, and Its principles, both of doctrine and precept, are widely 
known. The New Testament Scriptures have been translated and printed, with 
numerous religious tracts, and scattered abroad. A spirit of inquiry has been 
awakened. Individuals have come from the interior, several days' journey distant, 
seeking the foreign teacher. A vast amount of ])reparatIon for the wide dissemi- 
nation of tlie gospel has been effected. That it has been perfected only in solitary 
cases through faith unto salvation, is attributable not so much to the grossness of 
heart, the dullness or the stupidity of the Siamese, we are constrained to believe, 
as to our own languor of faith and zeal. The Siam JMissIon has not been duly 



1850.] Comparative Claims of Missions to Beinfoi' cement. 17 

riiistained. The oldest member of it, and tlie founder, has virtually, so far as con- 
cerns the ministry of the gospel, with temporary intermissions labored alone. 
How shall tliey hear without a j)reacher ? Xind how shall they preach except they he 
sent ? 

Connected with the Siam Mission is a Chinese department, with a Chinese 
church and Chinese native assistants, but not with an American missionary. In 
Siam, also, are Peguans, some of whom have received the gospel ; and far inward, 
along the northern and western frontiers, are Siamese Karens, now connecting by 
mountain passes with Burniah, but more accessible, it may be found, for American 
missionaries by way of the tributaries of the Meinam. 

The evangelizing of Burmah, (meaning by Barmali the Burman Empire as con- 
stituted when it was first entered by the missionary, extending to the Bay of 
Bengal on the west, and southward to the Malayan peninsula, embracing Arracan 
and Tenasserim,) the evangelizing of Burmah may be regarded, so far as concerns 
the present comparison, as one enterprise, though prosecuted for the greater 
efficiency in several separate missions. 

The claims of this enterprise on American Baptists are marked and peculiar. 
Apart from all that gives it interest and attractiveness in the number, character 
or relations of the diversified population of Burmah, amounting at a moderate 
estimate to some six or eight millions, Burmans, Karens, Peguans, Toungthoos, 
Kemmees, Salongs and Shyans ; — apart, also, from whatever in the physical features 
of the country, its healthfulness and accessibleness, or in its civil, political and 
religious constitution invites to the prosecution of the work ; — the assignment of it 
to us was so evidently of God, and its progress to the present day has borne such 
marks of his presence and power, we can only regard the service as a divine com- 
mission to be sacredly discharged, a work to be prosecuted zealously and 
unremittingly until it is done. To accomplish this enterprise was the primary 
object for which the General Convention was constituted. Its execution is reserved 
to us by the general consent of the Christian world. The claims of the Burman 
Missions to the support of the Union, if we view them from this point, are not com- 
parative, but absolute. The question before us is, simply. How may these claims 
be best fulfilled? 

Assuming that Burmah is to be evangelized by American Baptists, by the 
will of God, — the following general principles, among others, are obvious to be 
noted in respect to the mode of procedure. 

1. The scale of preparation, the general outline of plan, the entire array and 
bearing of the enterprise, and of all engaged in its prosecution, should be adjusted 
to the work, whatever its largeness or difficulty, as to a work sure to be done. 
There ought to be a boldness of conception, a directness of measures, and a 
generosity of supply of stores and men, commensurate with the end to be o-ained, 
and with the purpose, under God, of attaining It. Supplies should not be stinted 
to the obvious existing demand, the demand being restricted not by the nature of 
the enterprise, but by adventitious temporary circumstances. There should be a 
forestalling in supply, a forestalling not of necessity merely, but of opportunity. 
Burmah Proper at this moment is apparently shut to the missionary, but God will 
open It. Supplies should be in prospect of its being opened. Arracan and 
Tenasserim bordering on it, should be surcharged with men. Labor, there, cannot 
be applied in vain ; while men will be in training for " the regions beyond." 

So, too, on the reopening and reoccupancy of Burmah Proper, our aim and effisrt 
should be not penurlousness, but exuberance of supply ; our measure not what we 
may safely withhold, but what effectively bestow ; our object not tolerance, but con- 
quest. A hesitating, doubtful tenure of two or three widely-sundered positions, is 



18 Tldrty-Sixtli Annual Meeting of the Board. [J^'^aj, 

umvortliy of tlie enterprise. The Irrawaddy, in the shortest tune possible, sliould 
be lined with mission stations. The plan^of depositing the printed word of Cod in 
ever}' city and village, by missionaries and native assistants, projected years since, 
should be put in effect. The sound should go out into all the land. 

2. In distributing supplies and extending our line of operations, while we are 
slow to abandon what, with much toll and hurt perhaps, we have won, we must be 
prompt to push our successes, seizing our opportunity and pressing on where God 
leads the way. " Work where God works and when God works ;" — no rule is more 
just, rightly interpreted ; none surer to profit, rightly applied. The bearing of this 
rule applied to the evangelizing of Burmah, none conversant vath the enterprise 
can mistake. Our thought In sending the missionary, was to evangelize Burmans. 
It Is part of our purpose still. AVe believe it is God's purpose. Our brethren who 
toil in this part of the vineyard, work where and as their Lord appointed, and 
shall not lose their reward. They are to be sustained, and their number, as we 
have intimated, is to be multiplied in generous measure, God adding to their 
bounds and to their increase. Meanwhile, on either hand, in the paths of the 
wilderness, on the plains and among the hills, are seen the footsteps of a present 
God travelling in the greatness of his strength ; and a people unthought of, unknown, 
but almost equalling the Burmans in multitude, come bending to serve him. They 
come as clouds, and as doves to their vv'Indows ; their converts are as the drops of 
the morning. We magnify the grace of our God ; we adore his sovereignty. " He 
hath mercy on whom he hath mercy ; as he hath also said, I will call them my 
people, which were not my people." 

The claims of the Karen Missions upon the Missionary Union, to a free, earnest, 
unmeasured support, so far as may promote their effective working, are paramount 
to every and all other. Beyond all known precedent, the Karens are a peoijle for 
whom the Lord has prepared his way. Were the instrumentality adequate, were 
the company of preachers great, like the multitude of companies of hearers, the 
millions of Karens of even the present generation would receive the gospel of the 
Son of God. A nation would be born in a day. 

On behalf of the Committee, 

S. Peck, Cor. Sec. 

The committee to whom was referred the paper on the Comparative Claims of 
Missions to Reinforcement, beg leave to report : 

1. That they regard the subject of the paper as one of the gravest importance and 
responsibility. 

2. That the proper adjustment of these claims, from the nature of the case, 
requires a careful and minute survey of the intrinsic claim of the several missions. 

3. That these intrinsic claims, for the most part, can be presented by no others so 
well as by our missionaries connected with the several missions ; and that the com- 
parative claims of the several missions can be adjusted by none so well as by the 
Executive Committee, who are charged with the immediate supervision of the Avhole 
■work. 

4. That, as it regards the distribution both of laborers and of supplies, the success 
of the enterprise will be likely to be promoted by a generous confidence in the Exec- 
utive Committee, from our brethren who labor abroad and from those who contribute 
at home. 

5. That we recommend the paper submitted to our examination, in its general 
outlines, as to principles, specifications and conclusions, to the approval and adoption 
of the Board, with the simple suggestion of the inquiry, whether Burmah Proper 
and the Peguan department do not require greater immediate attention than is 
specified in the paper. 



1850.] Report on Indian Missions. 19 

The Committee on Indian Missions reported through Rev. J. N. Granger, 
chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee to whom was referred so much of the Annual Report as relates 
to the Indian Missions, respectfully present the following report: 

There are at present four Indian missions under the patronage of this Board : 
the Mission to the Tuscaroras, in the State of New York, having passed under the 
control of the New York Baptist Convention. A peculiar interest attaches to these 
missions. The question of their separation from the Board has been often consid- 
ered, but there has always been manifested on the part of the friends of the Union, a 
great unwillingness that any such measure should be adopted. There is in almost 
every mind a feeling of obligation to make some atonement, by means of Christian 
charity and liberality, for the grievous wrongs which the aborigines of this country 
have received at our hands. And were the expense attending the support of these 
missions much greater than it is, your committee suppose that it would be- the duty 
of the Board, a duty in the discharge of which they would be sustained by the wishes 
and approval of the entire body of our contributors, to extend a generous support 
to these missions so long as the missionaries desire to hold their present connection 
with this body. And so long as on this continent, and even on the territory of 
States included in the home field of the Union, heathen tribes exist who are depend- 
ent upon us for the bread of life, a great missionary organization Uke this cannot 
well become insensible to their appeals, and confine its attention to the heathen of 
other continents. While our ears are open to the faintest cry which comes from 
the far east, we cannot close them against the voices of the dying multitudes close at 
hand. 

The Mission to the Ojibwas, at Sault de Ste Marie, and the Mission to the Ottst- 
was in Michigan, are exerting a steadily Increasing Influence by means of school 
education, instruction In the arts of civilized life, and the preaching of the gospel. 
The last named tribe is now greatly reduced in numbers. The mission must ere 
long be brought to a close, by the extinction of the tribe Itself, unless the few 
survivors can be Induced to remove to the Indian Territory. 

The results of the labors of our missionaries, connected with the Shawanoe Mission, 
are an Illustration of the superior advantages of mission labor in the Indian Terri- 
tory. The people are advancing In the knowledge of civilized life and of the 
Christian religion. 

The same remarks may be made respecting the Cherokee Mission. 

The Annual Report presents a view of the connection of slavery with the churches 
under the charge of this mission. Your committee have given careful attention to 
this subject, and, besides that portion of the Report now named, have read the 
correspondence between the Executive Committee and the mission ; and your 
committee desire to state that they fully approve of all the steps wlilch the Exec- 
utive Committee have taken, with a view to ascertain and to present to this Board 
the facts relating to the subject. The Inquiries presented by the Executive Com- 
mittee to the mission, have related to all the parts of the subject, and the missionaries 
appear to have taken pains to supply the information desired. The report presents 
a brief, but exact statement of the case. No missionary, no assistant missionary, or 
native preacher, owns slaves. Of about 1,200 members in the churches, only four 
own slaves, — three of whom were slave owners by inheritance, before they became 
members of the churches. 

So far as the Influence of the Executive Committee, acting in concert with the 
missionaries, is concerned, your committee find good reason for repeating and 
3 



20 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [May, 

endorsing the language of the Annual Report : " Things are in a fair train to lead 
to the utter extinction of this evil in the Cherokee churches. The Instructions of 
the missionaries and other influences at work in them, [the churches,] are tending 
in the right direction. The Committee desire to give the mission their full and 
hearty cooperation in respect to the result aimed at, — viz. a complete separation of 
the churches from every form of slavery." 

This language Is based upon a principle recognized by your committee, that the 
entire removal of American slavery from churches, whose ministers receive their 
pecuniary support, either In whole or In part, from this body, is an indispensable 
condition on which this Board will continue to extend Its aid. They desire to 
recommend that this Board approve of the measures which the Executives have 
already adopted, and that they be instructed to employ all proper means to guard 
against any extension of slavery In these churches, and also to provide for the entire 
removal of the evil at the earliest possible day. 

The Committee on Finances reported through D. R. Barton, Esq., chairman. 

The report and resolutions were re-committed. 

The Committee on changing the time of holding the Annual Meeting of the 
American Baptist Missionary Union, reported through Rev. S. S. Cutting, 
chairman. 

The report was directed to be read to the Union, with the recommendation 
that the subject receive its serious consideration during the present session. 

Adjourned till 2\ P. M. Prayer by Rev. W. Hague, D. D., of Mass. 



The Board met. Prayer by Rev. E. E. Cummings, of N. H. 
The Committee on the Siam and Chinese Missions reported through Rev. 0. 
C. Comstock, chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee to whom was referred so much of the Report of the Executive 
Committee as relates to the Slam and Chinese Missions, respectfully report : 

That the Mission to Siam Is marked by encouraging events and indications ; and 
your committee most cordially approve of the late appointment of another mission- 
ary, Rev. William Ashmore, for that extensive field of missionary labor. 

The report respecting the Mission to China, furnishes much ground of gratitude 
and encouragement. It should Induce augmented and persevering efforts to evan- 
gelize that ancient and vast empire. The painful and protracted illness of nearly 
all our beloved missionaries at these stations, has demanded and received, the 
tenderest sympathies of their brethren and friends, while the restoration to health 
and usefulness of these devoted servants of God, calls for renewed thankfulness and 
praise. 

Your committee would further say, that the present political and commercial 
condition of the greater portion of the world, and especially many relations of much 
of it to our own favored country, are among the signs of the times which loudly 
call on the lovers of ZIon and of man, to task their faculties, appropriate their means, 
and wield their influence, toward the consummation of the gracious predictions and 
promises of Jehovah concerning Israel and the nations. 

We cannot, without disregarding our feelings, withhold an expression of our 



1850.] Report on Publications. 21 

hearty approval of those operations of the missions, to which our particular attention 
has been directed ; nor would we ever forget that all their prosperity has been 
derived from the blessing of Almighty God, and that all our future success will 
hang upon the pleasure of his throne. 

The Committee on Publications reported through Rev. A. S. Train, chairman. 
The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee on Publications respectfully submit the following : 

The portions of the Report submitted to their consideration relate to the following 
topics ; viz., the change in the proprietorship of the Macedonian, and the method 
of publishing that paper and the Magazine; the circulation of these periodicals; 
their gratuitous distribution ; and Mr. Gammell's history of our missions. 

The Union is now the exclusive proprietor of both its periodicals. They are 
printed in the best manner, at the least cost, and the subscription price is graduated 
to the lowest terms upon which they can be made to support themselves. All this 
is precisely as it should be. It regards these publications as agencies for the benefit 
of the cause they advocate ; to be employed as widely and vigorously as may be, 
within this limit of their self-support. It arranges the merely business transactions 
connected with them, upon the principles which should govern every intelligent 
Christian in all such transactions. It aims to do the best thing, in the best manner, 
and at the least expense. Upon these principles all the purely business transactions 
of the Union should at all times be conducted. 

Notwithstanding the character which these periodicals have acquired, and the 
cheapness at which they are aiforded, their limited circulation continues to be a 
matter of serious regret. We have reason to be grateful that within the present 
year the edition of the Mairazine has increased to 5,000 copies, and that of the 
Macedonian to nearly 30,000. Still it is difficult to beheve that of the 150,000 
families to which this Union has a right to look for encouragement and support, 
more than 100,000 of them take neither of its periodicals : that of the 3,500 churches, 
in more than 2,000 of them neither of these periodicals has a subscriber. Yet 
with all this, it is farther to be regretted, that complaints are still occasionally urged, 
because the gratuitous circulation of the Magazine has been discontinued. It is 
not the place of your committee to inquire with reference to the motives which 
have induced any minds to doubt the wisdom of discontinuing this gratuitous dis- 
tribution. But it is pertinent for them to say, that in their judgment, that distri- 
bution was wisely discontinued, and that it cannot be revived without incurring a 
current expenditure of from $1,000 to $2,000 per annum. It surely cannot be the 
part of wisdom, or of duty, for this Union to incur this additional expense for this 
mere purpose of gratuity. 

The Macedonian is sent gratuitously to every pastor whose address is known, and 
who does not receive It in some other way. This is well and should be continued. 
Its facts are briefly and clearly stated to the masses of our people ; to those niasses 
its appeals are made ; Into those masses Its earnest spirit should be Infused. Bu* 
no pastor can have that knowledge of our work which his responsibilities demand, 
without the regular and careful perusal of the Magazine. No layman can dis- 
charge his duty to the cause, who does not by such perusal keep alive within him- 
self a vivid apprehension of the condition, the necessities and the encouragements 
of that cause. 

By many the monthly visit of the Magazine is hailed with gladness. It stirs 
afresh the fountains of feeling, furnishes topics for reflection and remark, and is 
regarded as a source of unfailing interest at the Monthly Concert. It should be so 



22 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [May, 

regarded by all. And instead of the occasional complaint that its gratuitous dis- 
tribution has been discontinued, it would be wise for pastors to place their own 
names at the head of ^be subscription list in their several churches, and thus ac- 
complish the double purpose of securing its benefits for themselves and inducing 
others to secure them. 

We all know the power of example, and that power may be as effective in this 
work as elsewhere in the world. In a church which was making a large annual 
increase of its missionary contributions, one of our most intelligent laymen re- 
marked to his pastor, " You do n't know how greatly in this matter we are indebted 
to your example. Others have preached well about missions here, but when, in 
addition to the preaching, we saw that with limited means you were heading the 
list from year to year, with a generous subscription, we felt that something was to 
be and would be done." And in all sober earnest that church began its work. 

Let pastors pursue a similar course with reference to the Magazine. Let their 
names, if need be, head the list of its subscribers. Let their example as their pre- 
cept say, this is a periodical of which no Christian family can aiford to be deprived. 
And we may hope ere long to find that instead of 5,000 subscribers it has 50,000. 

Very much the same is to be said of Mr. Gammell's history of our missions. Its 
literary merits are of the first order. Its value as a history is sufliciently tested by 
the most competent authorities. And it is safe to say, that with all our commen- 
dations, we are in little danger of placing an undue estimate upon its value. It is 
a pleasure to know of the sale of 6,000 copies. But when we remember these 3,500 
churches and 150,000 families, we are ready to exclaim concerning these 6,000 
copies, " What are these among so many ! " and to pray that they may be multiplied 
among the multitudes, until every heart has tasted and been refreshed. 

Your committee regret to learn that with all efforts to prevent it, the Magazine 
has in some instances continued to fail to reach its subscribers in season for the 
monthly concert. 

They, therefore, take the liberty in conclusion to suggest 

1. That vigorous efforts be continued to place a copy of the Macedonian in every 
family connected with our churches and congregations. 

2. That pastors interest themselves to increase the circulation of the Magazine, 
by placing their own names at the head of the list of subscribers in their several 
churches, or by such other methods as they shall deem most effective. 

3. That especial care be taken to have the Magazine forwarded to the several 
places of its destination, in season to be received at least three days prior to the 
monthly concert. 

The Committee on the Assam and Teloogoo Missions reported through Rev. 
J. Jennings. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

Tha committee to whom was referred so much of the report of the Executive 
Committee as relates to the Assam and Teloogoo Missions, submit the following : 

The mission to the Teloogoos has been so recently and fully discussed by the 
Board, that your committee deem it only necessary to say, that from the state .of the 
church, the prosperity of the schools, the prevailing desire for books, and especially 
, from the increase of preaching, we have reason to hope for a large measure of suc- 
cess. 

One of the laborers in the Assam Mission has recently found his grave in the 
deep. This mission has powerful obstacles with which to contend. Caste, Shaster 
and Priest, exert a formidable influence against the missionary. Still the measure 



1850.] Report on Karen Missions. 23 

of success already obtained is such as should encourage us to go forward and fullj 
sustain the mission. 

On account of the difficulty of reaching the people, as in other missions, our hope of 
success in Assam must largely rest upon efforts for the young. God has smiled upon 
the schools. Several of their members have been converted. Their representa- 
tives are with us to-day. The spirit of inquiry is increasing among the people, and 
we hope the day is at hand when the iron bands of superstition will be burst asun- 
der by the Spirit of God, and a glorious harvest gathered in. 

We learn with great pleasure that it is the intention of the Executive Committee 
to send three men to Assam, with special reference to the increase of the preaching 
force of the mission. The preached gospel, attended by the influences of the Holy 
Spirit, is our main dependence in all our labors. 

The central position of Assam, and its proximity to other promising yet unoccu- 
pied fields, make it one of our most important missions. Moreover, with even ordi- 
nary progress, we may hope that soon our brethren here and those in Burmah will 
meet, and thus join field to field in the good work. 

Your committee are impressed more than ever with the fact that in all the field, 
both at home and abroad, we must have the divine influence. Paul may plant and 
ApoUos water, but God must give the increase. 

The Committee on the Karen Missions reported through Kev. S. F. Smith, 
chairman. 
The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee on the Karen Missions submit the following report : 
The Karens are distributed into two branches, the Pwos and the Sgaus, who are 
about equally divided. They are found in and around Maulmain, Tavoy, Mergui, 
Rangoon, and on the borders of Siam, along the mountain sides and on the banks 
of the rivers, in all southern Burmah. They speak two different dialects. Hence, 
for the present, different books are to be provided for each, and different teachers 
are required to be devoted to their interests. Attention had been paid by the missions 
to both branches. But the larger measure of labor had been bestowed upon the 
Sgaus, and among them has been enjoyed the largest measure of success. It is now 
about twenty years since the Karens were introduced to the mission under the 
labors of the lamented Boardman. They have seemed from the beginning a peo- 
ple prepared of the Lord. The progress of the gospel among them has been a per- 
petual triumph. While in some of the missions, much preparatory labor was to be 
performed, here God had opened the way of the gospel as if almost by miraculous 
interposition. The reaper has quickly followed the sower, and he that came to cast 
in the seed has filled his bosom with the sheaves. 

, In the various divisions of the Karen field, at least eighty-five Christian churches 
have been organized. More than 12,000 persons have given evidence of regenera- 
tion, of whom upwards of 7,000 have been baptized. Hundreds of these converts 
have departed in faith, the first-fruits of the Redeemer's triumph among them. 
Thousands remain, to take part in promoting the conquests of the gospel, and to aid 
in leading their countrymen to Christ. 

The Karens, to whom the gospel has come, are assuming, under the superin- 
tendence of the several missions, the characteristics of a truly Christian people. 
The feature which seems fraught with the deepest interest and encouragement, in 
this respect, is that the Karen churches are coming up to the work of sustaining 
their own religious and educational institutions. The Sandoway Mission, having 
peculiar facilities in this regard, has nobly undertaken the work. Here the con- 



24 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [May, 

verts have erected chapels, sustained schools, and, in some instances, supported their 
own pastors, and sent forth native laborers, with comparatively little aid from the 
mission, to the destitute population around them. The Karen churches in connec- 
tion with Maulmain and Tavoy, according to their numbers and ability, have not 
been wanting in similar endeavors. The whole system of efforts necessary to the 
piety, intelligence, elevation and prosperity of a truly Christian people, has been in 
several places set in order, and the blessing of the Divine Spirit accompanies the 
work. 

Still the superintendence of American missionaries cannot be dispensed with. 
The Karen Christian communities, in their infant state, need the vigilant eye and 
the steady hand of men of large experience, sound judgment, and great practical 
wisdom and efficiency. 

The committee have no new measure to recommend. They congratulate the 
Board on the signal success which has crowned their endeavors in these fields, and 
urge the continued prosecution of their efforts on similar principles. 

The Committee on Agencies reported, through Rev. C. B. Davis, chairman. 
The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee to whom was assigned the section of the Annual Report relating 
to Agencies, present as follows : 

Your committee would rejoice if wisdom were given them to report a plan of 
agencies liable to no objections in principle, and no default or friction in action, — 
but such a consummation will long be deferred. At present, our aim must be an 
approximation towards the least objectionable and the most efficient system of home 
operations ; and, with this system in view, we are unprepared to advise any mate- 
rial departure from our existing order of agencies. It is not so much a new plan of 
measures, as the missionary heart, universally diffused, that is needed. To secure 
this chief object, the suggestions in the Report submitted to your committee claim 
earnest consideration. We commend the vigorous use of the press, both in its sheet 
and its volume issues ; but with all the difficulties and evil prejudices inwrought with 
the subject, we more especially commend the agency of living men of God, as indis- 
pensable to enlisting the great masses of our churches in the successful prosecution 
of the home work of missions. We doubt if any uniform method of procedure 
can be devised to meet the different circumstances and exigencies of the widely 
different sections of country embraced in this organization, nor are we sure that 
such uniformity of means, if practicable, is of very essential importance. But we 
would plead before all churches, and particularly before all pastors of churches, for 
much thought, much prayer, much reading, much preaching, much conversation, 
much giving, and much weeping at the cross of Christ over the impending religious 
destinies of mankind. If these simplest works of our faith are habitually performed 
by all Christian disciples, we are certain that the happiest home and foreign results 
must follow, and that the Master will say, Well done. 

The committee venture to suggest, that, while there should be no abatement of 
our agencies in the eastern and middle States, but rather a vast increase of home 
efficiency here, whether we ought not to furnish an extended and thorough living 
agency to the new and great western States, — an agency attended, perhaps, for the 
first ten years, with as much outlay as income, but which in all after years may 
yield the thirty, sixty, and hundred fold for all the toil and expenditure incurred. 
We think it time to say practically, that the value of a travelling and preaching 
agency depends only in part on immediate receipts. Over an immense portion of 
the field of our home operations, we believe the most important present agency is 
in sowing the seed of future harvests. 



1850.] Report on Obituaries. 25 

We add our profound conviction of the utter impotence of all human agencies 
and might, unless interpenetrated and made effectual by the Spirit from on high, — 
for which infinite blessing may every heart supplicate God. 

The Committee on Obituaries reported through Kev. H. J. Ripley, D. D., 
chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The Committee on Obituary Notices would acknowledge, with devout gratitude, 
the favor of Divine Providence in removing from active service, during the past 
year, so few of the persons who have held appointments under the Missionary 
Union. Two female assistant missionaries have finished their labors on earth and, 
we humbly trust, have entered into the joy of the Lord. 

Mrs. Osgood, wife of Rev. S. M. Osgood, formerly of the Maulmain Mission and, 
since his return to this country, an age./t in the employ of the Board, had sreatly 
endeared herself to her missionary associates. She was a most valuable assistant 
to her husband in the multifarious cares which devolved on him as in some sort a 
commissary of the missionary corps in Maulmain, as well as in more direct endeavors 
to teach the way of life. 

Mrs. Moore, who left this country in October, 1848, to join the Arracan Mission, 
has been summoned from earth too soon for the Christian public to learn her worth, 
but not too soon for her immediate friends to experience the bitterness of disap- 
pointed hope. 

Quite recently, Intelligence has reached this country of the decease of Rev. Cyrus 
Barker, of the Assam Mission. He had for years been struggling with disease, and 
was on his homeward voyage in pursuit of health. During the voyage, on the 31st 
of January last, wlule in the channel of INIozambique, the storm of earth for him 
subsided into the calm of heaven. Of his useful labors our missionary records 
contain ample testimony. Of his devotion to the cause of Christ among the heathen, 
and of the eminently Christian spirit in which he met the summons of death, the 
committee are happy in being furnished with attestations, in a letter just received 
from his affiicted widow. As this letter has not been made public, your committee, 
trusting that they shall not thereby violate the proprieties of the present occasion, 
avail themselves of It as enabling them to pay a just tribute to the memory of a 
modest and laborious missionary. 

For some time after br. Barker's embarkation, his health seemed to be improving ; 
but about the 20th of January, most unfavorable symptoms appeared. Durintj the 
wanderings of his mind, he was conversing, as he supposed, with persons who 
required Insti-uctlon concerning their sinfulness and their need of salvation by 
Christ; then again he seemed to himself to be surrounded by the native Christians, 
inquiring into their spiritual state. " In reply to an inquiry as to his hopes and 
feelings," Mrs. Barker writes, " he said, ' I have endeavored devoutly and sincerely 
to commit my soul to Jesus; but I make no account of what I have done, but all 
account of what the blessed Saviour has done. He that belleveth In Christ shall 
never die. Let his blessed will be done.' The night before his death he said to 
me, ' I begin to feel that I am sinking. Blessed be the Lord : his will be done.' 
Then his mind wandered and he conversed with new missionaries who, he said, bad 
joined us. Again he recovered his recollection and begged me to assure the dear 
church in Gowahatti of his unabated and warm affection, of his gi-eat interest in 
them and constant desire for their spiritual prosperity." After acknowlcduing the 
sympathetic interest which all on shipboard expressed in her aftiiction, from the 
captain to the common sailor, our bereaved sister adds, " I have now a request to 



26 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [^^-J* 

make of you and of those who care for the heathen, that you will pray for me and 
my fatherless children ; and that they will send a missionary to Gowahatti imme- 
diately. Help came too late to relieve my dear husband ; and shall br. Danforth 
be left alone to suffer in the same way, and through excessive labor, care and 
responsibility, be brought to an early grave ? " 

The Committee on the Bassa Mission reported through Rev. E.. Babcock, 
D. D., chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The Committee on the Mission to the Bassas, have given to the subject of that 
mis-ion the utmost attention in their power, and beg leave to submit a few consid- 
erations which seem to them of transcendent importance and interest in the present 
exigency. 

First of all, they are unanimous in the expression of their satisfaction with the 
spirit of that part of the Annual Report embracing this mission. It breathes a 
yearning kindness for poor Africa, and her darkened millions, and of regret at the 
failure of their efforts and hopes to do something efficient for their enlightenment. 
Still it would be useful, and your committee have thought it important, that along 
with the going fjrth of this document there should be some fuller development of 
the real and mournful state of the case, as the facts connected with it sufficiently 
indicate. All the information within their reach has therefore been laid under 
contribution by yoar committee, and they beg leave with freedom, but without the 
sliohtest disposition to imply or express censure, to offer briefly the results of their 
inquiries. 

This seems to be the only one of our missions, devoted to the evangelization of 
probably a fifth part of the entire heathen world. When it is further considered, 
that we, of all others, are more peculiarly obliged, — both from the duty of repairing 
dreadful injustice, and from the peculiar facilities within our reach for diffusing the 
blessings of civilization and Christianity among them, — than any other nation to put 
forth our utmost endeavors to spread among Africans the knowledge of the gospel, 
it must be confessed that the present position of our mission here is intensely painful. 
For more than a year past, no American missionary has been in our employ in 
Africa, and the few and feeble native assistants, uncheered and unguided by such 
help as their case seems most imploringly to demand, are in danger of yielding to 
utter discouragement. Probably little more than twelve hundred dollars, have, the 
last year, been remitted to this mission, for the support of schools, preachers and 
assistants; aad the reduction which has been rapid for some years past, will soon 
reach, if past tendencies are unchecked, an entire extinction. 

It may reasonably be asked, why should such a state of things be permitted ? 
The mission established fifteen years since, has been eminently successful, consid- 
ering the small amount which has been expended on it. The language of a numerous, 
efficient and hopeful tribe, has been thoroughly mastered, elementary books of 
instruction prepared and published, a dictionary has been compiled, and large 
portions of the Scriptures, ti:;anslated and revised, have long been ready for publi- 
cation, and are in danger of being hopelessly lost if not soon printed. Nor has the 
the mortality of American missionaries been so uniform or fearful, as to furnish 
adequate reasons for such an abandonment as now seems to impend. Br. Clarke 
lived and labored ten years here without one interval of relief by a return to this 
country, and the widow of the lamented Crocker waits with heroic impatience but 
the appointment of an American missionary to this field, to return again to her 
loved and chosen labors in it. Can it be impossible, under such circumstances, to find 



1850.] Report on French and Greek Missions. 27 

men, fit and willing, to cast themselves into this breach, and speedily, with God's 
blessing, stay the progress of ruin ? 

The providence of God is just offering for our acceptance a most eligible site for 
an educational establishment, and perhaps for the seat of the printing department, 
and the permanent residence of a portion if not all of the American missionaries here 
required, on Factory island, a tract of fifty or sixty acres of fertile land, in the very 
mouth of the St. John's River, where a stone edifice, of large expense in its original 
construction, is now understood to be procurable at comparatively trifling expense ; 
and may very probably furnish the nucleus of a permanent mission printing and 
educational establishment, where scores and hundreds of native converts may be 
prepared for extensive usefulness among their benighted countrymen. If the future, 
like the past, shall prove the comparative salubrity of this position on the coast, even 
for American missionaries, and the Executive Committee shall feel warranted to 
possess themselves of this position, perhaps we may congratulate ourselves with the 
hope that the days of feebleness and discouragement are ended, and that a glorious 
day is dawning, which will witness the fulfilment of the promise, " Ethiopia shall soon 
stretch out her hands unto God." 

With confident assurance that the Board will cheerfully authorize such additional 
expenditure as may be deemed wise by the Executive Committee for preserving 
what has been gained, and resuscitating the waning fortunes of this mission, your 
committee refrain from appending any resolution to their report, and respectfully 
submit the above suggestions to your consideration. 

The Committee on the French and Greek Missions reported through Kev. L. 
F. Beecher, chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee to whom was referred so much of the Annual Report as relates to 
the French and Greek Missions, beg leave to report that they are exceedingly 
happy to find that the French Mission appears to have got out of the straits, and 
away from the winds, which prevail along shore, into deep water and plain sailinc. 
For many years associated with the Greek Mission, in the minds of its friends, on 
account of its numerous embarrassments and its limited apparent success, it seems 
now to have secured a strong foothold upon the soil, and a place in the affec- 
tions of many of the French people. We hear, on every hand, of an efficient 
distribution of labor, of new centres of operation, of new organizations to "-ive 
solidity and permanency to the conquests already achieved, and of new laborers, 
and increasing numbers converted to the truth. The efforts at the capital, though 
attended with some success, have been suspended, and the laborers transferred to 
more productive and less expensive fields. 

Young men are offering themselves as laborers in new and interesting fields of 
missionary enterprise, or as students, to prepare themselves for missionary work. 
The churches are increasing in number and in their membership, and the seed 
which has been buried long, is germinating, and the fruit appears. We are the 
more happy to acknowledge these tokens of Divine favor, because France is a 
field in which faithful men have labored under many discouragements, and with 
little to cheer them. 

Of the importance of this field it is not necessary for us to speak. The eyes of 
the world are upon it, and the influence of evangelical sentiments, if once firmly 
established here, will reach points which can be touched through no other ao-encies. 
While a purer faith will prove the surest safeguard of the nation, it becomes us to 
consider well, whether her peculiar position does not give to her the power of 



28 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [M^'J? 

repaying, to evangelical Christendom, all that may be done for herself, in crippling 
the power of the Papacy, a power which looks to France mainly for deliverance 
and protection. We bespeak for the mission in France a large share In the fervent 
prayers and liberal benefactions of all the people of God, and we trust the day is 
not far distant when It shall equal that of Germany, both in the magnitude of la- 
bor attempted and In the amount of good accomplished for God. 

The committee acknowledge they have felt no little embarrassment In attempting 
to settle the principles by which a missionary body like this should be guided, in 
deciding such a question as is brought before them by the present and past con- 
dition of the Greek Mission. They feel the full force of what has been so often 
said in reference to its apparent want of success. They know that it has had to 
meet and surmount difficulties of greater magnitude than usually fall to the lot of 
laborers even in the foreign field. They know that the gospel is now, as it was in 
the days of Its first proclamation, to the Jews a stumbling block, and to the Greeks 
foolishness : but they also know, and they dare not disregard the fact, that it is to 
all, both Jews and Greeks, the power of God and the wisdom of God. Your com- 
mittee are satisfied, however, that the number of persons who give evidence of con- 
version, in any given period, is not the only thing upon which to predicate the 
success or failure of missionary labor. While one man may strike Into a soil pre- 
pared by a long series of favoring providences, another may strike into a richer 
soil, so overrun with weeds and so hedged in with difficulties, as to require a long 
and tedious preparatory labor before he can cast In the seed and reap the harvest. 
While one is gathering in his ten fold for the seed sown, receiving in a short time 
all that the nature of the soil will ever give him, the other may be preparing 
ground for seed which shall ultimately give back to him and to the church an hun- 
dred or even a thousand fold. 

While we are not permitted to speak of the Greek Mission in the same terms 
which can be employed of other and more favored localities, yet we are glad to be 
able to testify to the entire competency and faithfulness of the missionaries there 
employed, and we are inspired with the greater measure of hope in reference to 
the future from their unwavering faith and their untiring perseverance. Yonr 
committee do not feel willing, under the circumstances, to utter one word which 
shall look to the immediate abandonment of that mission. The future they leave 
to the future, but the present is too hopeful for either despair or despondency. 
The darkness which overhangs the mission is not universal. The parting clouds 
have shown the Sun of Righteousness already in his course through the moral 
heavens, and a single ray, clear and bright, has fallen upon the land once bathed 
in its heavenly light. 

Obstructions imposed by government have been removed. The leaven of the 
gospel has already begun to work. Access to the Greek people may be had in 
any desired measure, and the germs of more liberal principles, both in civil and 
ecclesiastical affairs, are beginning to appear. The confidence of the people, which 
was for a season withdrawn from the missionaries, has been regained ; all the means 
and appliances for successful missionary labor have been perfected, and more 
than all and better than all, God has distinctly shown his hand, rifting the cloud 
and pointing to the open sky. 

In view of these facts your committee dare not take the responsibility, till the 
Master of the vineyard give evidence of his impatience, of saying, " Cut It down;" 
but recommend, rather, that we dig about it more perseveringly, and enrich it more 
liberally, and if It bear fruit, well, — and If not, " after that thou shalt cut It down." 



1850.] R&port on Burmese Missions. 29 

The Committee on the Burmese Missions reported through Rev. E. G. Robin- 
son, chairman. 

The report was adopted and ordered to be printed. 

The committee on the Burmese Missions respectfully submit the following report : 

The missions among the Burmese, though first in our affections and more tenderly 
cherished perhaps than any other, have seemed to be in danger, within a few years 
past, of losing a portion of the regard they had so long retained. Other fields, of 
apparently easier culture and promising more immediate and more abundant fruits, 
have seemed to present superior claims. The long period elapsing between seed 
time and harvest among the Burmese, has often been spoken of in comparison with 
the field, already sown of God and white to the harvest, among the Karens. We 
have thus been in danger of undervaluing what has really been accomplished among 
the Burmese. 

The additions to the Burman churches at Maulmain and Amherst, within the 
past year, it is true, have been small in camparison with those of some of the other 
missions. There has, nevertheless, been progress. The bread cast upon the 
waters from the schoolroom and the printing office must, hereafter, when the many 
days shall have passed, be found again. The facilities for diffusing truth among the 
Burmans, on the printed page, from Maulmain, and the extent to which these fa- 
cilities have been improved, it seems to your committee, afford the strongest en- 
couragement to believe that the " set time " to favor this people must come at no 
distant day. 

Burmah Proper has been, and perhaps now is, barred against us. Our mission- 
aries, as teachers of religion, may still be, as heretofore, strictly prohibited from 
entering it. But at Maulmain the gospel can be preached to the Burmans to an 
extent that has not yet been fully improved. That city, it may safely be said, con- 
tains an average number of one thousand Burmans from the villages and towns of 
the interior. The great body of these visitors to the city are easily accessible to the 
living preacher, and no inconsiderable portion of them resort thither with the inten- 
tion of seeing and hearing for themselves of the " new religion." These persons, 
consisting of merchants, boatmen and common laborers, have heard something of 
Christianity through the books and tracts that have already been carried into the 
interior by former visitors, but come to Maulmain desirous to see and hear the 
teacher himself. To this class of persons no little attention, it is true, is given by 
the native assistants ; but the need of the guiding mind of a judicious missionary 
who should be exclusively devoted to preaching in Burmese, is constantly appa- 
rent, is deeply felt, and earnestly urged on the attention of the Executive Committee. 

The mission among the Burmans in Arracan, seems to have been highly prosper- 
ous during the past year. Among the additions to the church at Akyab, there have 
been some that give promise of very considerable usefulness. The buildin" of the 
mission chapel at Akyab, by funds collected entirely from the population of the 
place, has marked this station as one from which the most cheering accounts are to 
be anticipated. Our missionaries at this post, alluding in their correspondence to 
indications of coming good, appear to cherish high hopes for the future. The pros- 
pects at Ramree are, also, highly encouraging. 

The Kumees, though neither a branch of the Burman people, nor speaking any 
dialect of the Burme-e tongue, are yet so connected with the mission at Akyab as 
to be considered belonging to that station. This people have been permitted at 
last, we trust, to look upon their long expected and long promised teacher. A mis- 
sionary has been sent out to them during the year, who Is, probably, already on the 
ground, and engaged, we may suppose, with the teacher that awaited his arrival, in 



30 TMrty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Board. [May, 

the acquisition of their language. May the results from his labors be commensu- 
rate with the interest that will be felt in them by all our churches. 

Your committee, in concluding their report, would say, that while remembering 
with gratitude the reinforcement that has been sent to the Burmese department in 
Arracan, they cannot but hope that some more express provision than now exists, 
may be made for the Burmans at Maulmain. We remember with solicitude the 
latest sad tidings received from the venerable founder of the missions to the Bur- 
mans ; and our prayer is that, if he still lives, he may yet be spared to see the people, 
for whom he and others now with us have spent their best strength, flying as a cloud 
to the house of the Lord. 

The Committee on Finances, to whom was re-committed the report made this 
morning, again reported through D. E,. Barton, Esq., chairman. 

The first resolution presented was lost, and the other two, with the report, 
were adopted. 

The committee to whom was referred so much of the Report of the Executive 
Committee as relates to the subject of finance, beg leave to submit the following : 

They feel themselves relieved of a part of the duty that would otherwise belong 
to them, by the appointment of a committee on the subject of agencies, who will 
recommend the best means of meeting the expenses of the current year. While, 
therefore, they have no report to make on that subject, they are free to declare 
that they could not, if desired, recommend any better plan than the one reported 
last year, to which the attention of the Board was called yesterday by the Home 
Secretary. Three points have received more particular consideration. 

1. The practice of leaving so large a part of the yearly collections till the last 
month. The report informs us that more than $36,000, — considerably more 
than one-third of the whole sum raised during the year, — were contributed during 
the month of March. This must prove a serious inconvenience to the Treasurer, 
inasmuch as the drafts upon him are very equally distributed through the year, 
obliging him to negotiate loans to meet them. The accumulation of such a debt 
must cause anxiety in the minds of the Executive Committee and the Treasurer, 
knowing that a slight reverse in financial affairs may prevent the making up of the 
needed amount, and produce most disastrous consequences. Your committee 
would recommend to the Board, to devise some plan for making the collections at 
all seasons of the year and reheving the Executive Committee from the anxiety 
and responsibility resting upon them in the existing state of things. 

2. They call attention to the practice, on the part of individuals and societies, of 
marking out the specific channel in which their contributions are to flow. While no 
one doubts the right of every person to direct the application that shall be made of 
his donations, it is easy to see that such a course may at times embarrass the Board. 
Suppose one of our beloved missionaries, who had labored long and successfully in 
some interesting field, seeing converts multiplied and churches planted, should be 
permitted to visit his native land and address many of the churches. The interest 
he would excite in the special object of his labors might be of such a character and 
extent, as to cause an undue share of the contributions of these churches to be direct- 
ed in that channel, leaving other stations, that have not the direct aid of such an 
advocate, insufficiently provided for. The brethren to whom you have committed 
this trust are able to survey the whole field and to act for the best interests of every 
part. 

3. The debt of the Union existing at the close of the financial year is stated to 
be $21,501.09. It is a cause of gratitude to God, who inchnes the hearts of the 



1850.] TUrty-Sixih Annual Meeting of the Board. 31 

children of men, that it has been reduced more than one-third during the last four 
years; but still a large balance remains due, and it must be the desire of the Board 
to adopt some decided and practical mode of extinguishing it. The committee 
would recommend, as the most feasible plan, the appropriation of the avails of the 
Farwell estate and of the Grand Rapids lands, as fast as they may be realized. 

With respect to the expenses of doing the business at the Missionary Rooms, your 
committee have examined the items, and see no way in which they can be curtailed 
without inconvenience, neither have they any change to recommend in the mode of 
transacting the business. 

Your committee beg leave to submit the following resolutions : 

1. Resolved, That the Executive Committee adopt some effectual plan by which 
the pastor of every church connected with this Union, shall be considered a local 
agent for collecting the funds intended for the support of foreign missions, and 
cause the same, as far as practicable, to be transmitted monthly during each finan- 
cial year. 

2. Resolved, That the Board have entire confidence in the Executive Com- 
mittee that they will make the best disposition of the entire funds that may be 
contributed for the objects of this society, and would recommend to all donors to 
place their contributions in the hands of said Committee without specific instructions 
as to their final disposition. 

8. Resolved, That the avails of the Farwell estate and the Grand Rapids lands 
be appropriated as a sinking fund, for the li(^uidation of the debt standing acrainst 
the Missionary Union on the 3ist day of March, the present year. 



That the report of the committee on the Resuscitation of the 
Ava Mission ; so much of the report on Indian Missions, as relates to the 
Cherokee Mission ; and the report on the Bassa Mission be read to the Union. 

Resolved, That the reports of the Treasurer and Executive Committee be 
accepted, and printed with the proceedings of the Board. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer and Corresponding Secretary be instructed to 
present abstracts from their reports to the Union. 

Resolved, That the Chairman and Recording Secretary of the Board, be 
instructed to report to the Union the proceedings of the Board. 

Adjourned till 7^ P. M. Prayer by Rev. S. J. Drake, of N. J. 



Wednesday etening, 7^ o'clock. 

The Board met. After singing, Rev. T. F. Caldicott, of Mass., led in prayer. 

Rev. J. W. Parker, of Mass., made an interesting statement of what he had 
seen and heard during a recent visit to the French and German Missions. 

Rev. J. Wade, of the Karen Mission ; Rev. E. Kincaid, reappointed mis- 
sionary to Ava, and Lucien Hayden, one of the Assamese converts, addressed 
the meeting. 

A collection was taken amounting to SI 20. 

Adjourned with the benediction by the Chairman. 

M. J. Rhees, Rec. Sec. 



S2 



Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Union. 



[May, 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE MISSIONARY UNION. 



Buffalo, May 16, 1850. 

The American Baptist Missionary Union assembled tbis day at 10 o'clock, 
A. M., in tbe meeting-house of the Washington Street Baptist Church, to hold 
its thirty-sixth annual meeting. 

The President of tbe Union, Hon. George N. Briggs, of Massachusetts, took 
the chair. 

Rev. Amos Sutton, missionary to Orissa, India, offered prayer. 

The President then made an appropriate and able address, introductory to the 
business of the meeting. 

Rev. Messrs. D. B. Cheeney, of 0., J. S. Shailer, of Mass., S. L. Caldwell, 
of Me., W.F. Hansen, of N. Y., Mr. J. Hanna, of Pa., Mr. A. M. Gammell, 
of R. I., Mr. H. B. Glover, of Mich., were appointed a committee to ascertain 
the names of the members present, and subsequently reported as follows : 

The whole number of names enrolled is 374, of whom 277 are ministers of the gos- 
pel, and 97 laymen. From Maine there are nine members; New Hampshire, six; 
Vermont, six ; Massachusetts, sixty-four ; Connecticut, seven ; Rhode Island, six ; 
New York, one hundred and sixty; New n Jersey, sixteen; Delaware, one; Penn- 
sylvania, sixteen ; Ohio, fifty-two ; Michigan, fourteen ; Indiana, one ; Illinois, ten ; 
Wisconsin, two ; Canada West, one ; Returned Missionaries, three. 



Samuel L. Caldwell, 
Caleb B. Davis, 
Byron Greenough, 



Henry lUsley, 
Jolin L. Sanborn, 
Sylvanus G. Sargent, 



Jacob R. Scott, 

Samuel K. Smith, 

N. Marshjnan Williams. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



J. M. Chick, 
E. E. Cummine 



King S. Hall, 
Noah Hooper, 



Thomas O. Lincoln, 
Gilbert Robbins. 



Nathan H. Bottom, 
John Conant, 



Horace Fletcher, 
Joseph C. Foster, 



John Goadby, 
Hervey I. Parker. 



John Allen, 
Robert W. Ames, 
A. J. BcUows, 
Foronda Bestor, 
Jefferson Borden, 
G. W. Bosworth, 
Joseph A. Brabrook, 
George N. Briggs, 
Edward Bright, Jr., 
Thomas F. Caldicott, 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Asahel Chapin, 
WUliam C. Child, 
Pharcellus Church, 
Nathaniel Colver, 
G. W. Cochrane, 
Joseph W. Eaton, 
Daniel C. Eddy, 
Richard E. Eddy, 
Albert Field, 
James Fosdick, 



Lewis Gage, 
Amory Gale, 
Daniel Goddard, 
William Hague, 
Dudley C. Haynes, 
WiUiam H. Jamieson, 
John Jennings, 
George W. Little, 
N. G. LoveU, 
Horace T. Love, 



1850.] 



Members present at the Annual Meeting. 



33 



Bradley Miner, 
Alan'^on P. Mason, 
J. Warren Merrill, 
George Millard, 
RoUin H. Neale, 
"WiUiam Ne-^vton, 
J. W. Olmstead, 
J. W. Parker, 
John Parkhurst, 
George W. Patch, 
Andrew Pollard, 
George W. Reed, 



Elisha Cushman, 
D wight Ives, 
John N. Murdock, 



Isaac J. Burgess, 
WiUiam Douglass, 



Henry Richards, 
Humphrey Richards, 
Henry T. Ripley, 
Daniel Sanderson, 
Horace Seaver, 
WiUiam H. Shailer, 
Julius S. Shailer, 
Thomas Shaw, 
Benjamhi Smith, 
C. B. Smith, 
Philip Smith, 

CONNECTICUT. 

Harvey Miller, 
S. Dryden Phelps, 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Samuel W. Field, 
James N. Granger, 



S. F. Smith, 
John Spence, 
Oakman S. Steams, 
Baron Stow, 
James N. Sykes, 
John C. Stockbridge, 
Arthur S. Train, 
Levi Tucker, 
Daniel White, 
Samuel K. White, 
James F. Wilcox. 



Charles Weeks, 
Samuel M. AVhiting. 



Pardon Miller, 
Samuel Richards. 



NEW YORK.. 



S. S. Ainsworth, 
George C. Baldwin, 
V. Bemis, 

Samuel M. Bainbridge 
Alfred Bennett, 
Dolphas Bennett, 
L. F. Beecher, 
A. M. Beebee, 
A. M. Beebee, Jr., 
Charles L. Bacon, 
Isaac Butterfield, 
L. C. Bates, 
E. L. Benedict, 
Jirah Blackmer, 
David R. Barton, 
A. C. BarreU, 
John Bush, 
George Bridge, 
Henry Bowen, 
David Burbank, 
James BaUard, 
Peter Balen, 
Harris M. Baldwin, 
Leroy Chm-ch, 
William D. Corbin, 
William B. Curtis, 
A. J. Chaplin, 
Thomas D. Chollar, 
Lvman Clark, 
William Clarke, 
Russel Chappell, 
Martin CoLman, 
SewaU S. Cutting, 
Zenas Case, 
Charles N. Chandler, 
Caleb B. Crumb, 
W. B. Curtis, 
C. G. Carpenter, 
Smith Chapman, 
E. W. Clark, 
Jirah D. Cole, 



Francis C. Dusenberry, 
William Dayton, 
Harrison Daniels, 
Henry Davis, 
William B. Downer, 
James Edmunds, 
Jesse Elliott, 
H. B. Ewell, 
C. M. Fuller, 
Charles A. Fox, 
Hosea Fuller, 
Zenas Freeman, 
B. Farr, 
Timothy Fuller, 
M. P. Forbes, 
Charles Graves, 
Joel H. Greene, 
Samuel Gilbert, 
Oliver W. Gibbs, 
H. L. Gross, 
Salem T. Griswold, 
Eliab Going, 
Caleb G. Guro, 
Elon Galusha, 
WiUiam F. HanseU, 
James L. Hodge, 
Edward L. Harris, 
George F. Hurd, 
Ira Harris, 
Daniel Harrington, 
Martin Holmes, 
R. Harmon, Jr., 
V. R. Hotchkiss, 
Leland I. Huntley, 
Charles W. Hewes, 
James Ives, 
Silas lUsley, 
Ira Justin, 
Reuben Jeffrey, 
A. S. Kneeland, 
A. C. Kendrick, 



Daniel W. Litchfield, 
I. R. Larcombe, 
Reuben P. Lamb, 
Lewis Leonard, 
John H. Morrison, 
Jerome T. Mason, 
Reuben Morey, 
S. R. Martin, 
ALmon C. MaUory, 
W. Metcalf, 
WUliam McCarthy, 
James McLaUen, 
J. S. Maginnis, 
James Nickerson, 
John A. Nash, 
Philetus Olney, 
J. W. Osborn, 
SewaU M. Osgood, 
James B. Olcott, 
Charles Pohlman, 
R. M. Pease, 
Bela Palmer, 
Spencer Pomroy, 
Daniel G. Powers, 
Warren F. Parish, 
William F. Purrington, 
Alfred Pinney, 
WUliam Rees, 
Charles B. Read, 
Daniel D. Read, 
Hubbard Russel, 
Nathan A. Reed, 
James Reed, 
Rufus Reed, 
John T. Seeley, 
John Smitzer, 
Justin A. Smith, 
Lyman Smith, 
Harry Smith, 
Jacob T. Stone, 
Joseph W. Spoor, 



34 



Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Union. 



[May, 



Elijah F. Smith, 
Howell Smith, 
Smith Sheldon, 
Clesson P. Sheldon, 
H, K. Stimson, 
Philetus B. Spear, 
Benjamin E,. Swick, 
Henry Stanwood, 
S. M. Stimson, 
Alvah Strong, 
Oren Sage, 
Cliarles Sherman, 
William N. Sage, 



Israel Starkey, 
John G. Stearns, 
Marsena Stone, 
David T. Taylor, 
E. Turney, 
Dwight O. Taylor, 
Jefferson Tillinghast, 
E. E. L. Taylor, 
H. Tetft, 
T. Thomas, 
Samuel White, 
Lyman Wright, 

NEW JERSEY. 



John N. Wyckoff, 

A. Wheelock, 
John W. Wiggins, 
William H. Wyckoff, 
Isaac Wescott, 
Benjamin Warren, 

B. T. Welch, 
William K. Webb, 
Hezekiah West, 
Channcey Wardner, 
Gibbon Williams, 
Jonas Woodward. 



J. Q. Adams, 
Jona. G. Collom, 
Simeon J. Drake, 
Henry C. Fish, 
Zelotes Grenell, 
Josiah Hatt, 



Henry V. Jones, 
P. Mason, 
A. F. Randolph, 
Peter P. Runyon, 
David B. Stout, 



Samuel Smith, 
William H. Turton, 
Thomas Taylor, 
D. M. Wilson, 
WiUiam V. Wilson. 



DELAWARE. — Morgan J. Ilhees. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 



Rufus Babcock, 
William Bucknell, Jr., 
J. Lansing Burrows, 
Park H. Cassaday, 
John Dawson, 
John R. Downer, 



A. D. GiUette, 
John Hanna, 
John S. Holme, 
John Jones, 
Eugenio Kincaid, 



Edgar M. Levy, 
George I. Miles, 
William Penney, 
Harvey Silliman, 
Thomas Wattson. 



L. An dress, 
William Ashmore, 
James R. Abbott, 
Dudley Andrews, 
Seymour W. Adams, 
Aaron D. Abbott, 
John G. Bowen, 
Henry A. Bowen, 
Isaac Bloomer, 
C. J. Bowles, 
Charles A. Dean, 
David B. Cheeney, 
Charles A. Clark, 
Ira Corwin, 
Eben Crane, 
Jefferson Chambers, 
Hervey S. Dale, 
Jona. B. DibeU, 



P. C. Dayfoot, 
Joseph Elliott, 
F. R. Freeman, 
James Goodrich, 
James M. Hoyt, 
Jeremiah Hall, 
Roswell N. Henderson, 
Thomas E. Inman, 
W. G. Johnson, 
George James, 
P. P. Kennedy, 
John Kelly, 
Joseph C. Miller, 
John L. Moore, 
Stephen B. Page, 
Lewis Ranstead, 
E. G. Robinson, 

MICHIGAN. 



D. A. Randall, 
Edward Royce, 
Benjamin Rouse, 
H. C. Skinner, 
J. B. Sackett, 
John Stevens, 
Frederic Snyder, 
Andrew M. Torbet, 
V. R. Wall, 
Lyman Wilder, 
Silas B. Webster, 
Jeremiah W. Wetherby, 
Moses White, 
D. D. Walden, 
William White, 
N. N, Wood, 
Archibald Williams. 



Marvin AUen, 
F. L. Batchelder, 
O. C. Comstock, 
Supply Chase, 
Samuel Graves, 



Samuel Haskell, 
G. W. Harris, 
John Harris, 
E. H. Hamlin, 
Jeremiah S. Hamilton, 



T. Z. R. Jones, 
L. H. Moore, 
U. B. Miller, 
William Taylor. 



INDIANA. — J. A. Dixon. 



Levi D. Boon, 
Nathaniel Crosby, 
Robert F. ElUs, 
Frederick Ketcham, 



Walter Levesse, 
Lewis Raymond, 
James Schofield, 



Luther Stone, 
Elisha Tucker, 
SUas Tucker. 



1850.] Meport of the Board. 35 

■WISCONSIN. 

James Delany, Perley Work. 

CANADA WEST. — James Piper. 

RETURNED MISSIONARIES. 

Miles Bronson, James M. Haswell, Jonathan Wade. 

Rev. IM. J. Rbees, Secretary of the Board of Managers, read the following 
communication from that body, which was accepted. 

To the American Baptist Missionary Union, the Board of Managers respectfully 
present the following report : 

During the past year the blessing of God has rested upon the missions under the 
care of the Union. The missionaries have been prospered in their labors, and 
many souls have been brought to the knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus. The 
Executive Committee have exercised a careful supervision of the missions, and have 
reinforced them to the extent of the means at their disposal. 

At the meetings of the Board, on the 14th and 15th inst., that Committee re- 
ported its doings ; which, after a careful revision by special committees, and free 
discussion in the Board, have been approved by that body. An abstract of the Re- 
port itself, and also of the Treasurer's Report, will be read to the Union. Reports 
from some of these special committees, will be submitted to the Union for the infor- 
mation of all its members, and for their consideration. 

1. One of these is on the Resuscitation of the Ava Mission, upon which the 
Board resolved to reenter Burmah Proper and resume that mission. 

2. Another is on the Indian missions, so far as relates to the Cherokee Mission, 
and which the Board believe presents that subject in its true light. 

3. The report on the Bassa Mission will also be presented, as an important docu- 
ment to awaken sympathy for ignorant and down-trodden Africa. 

4. A report on the subject of a change in the time of holding the Annual Meet- 
ings of the Union, with a view to facilitate its financial operations, is also submitted 
for consideration. 

5. A paper from the Executive Committee, on Reinforcements and Appropria- 
tions for 1850-1, the Board recommend to have read and made the order of the 
day for the Friday morning session of the Union. 

6. The Board recommend that the Annual Sermon be preached on Thursday 
evening, at Ih o'clock; and that the designation and farewell services connected 
with the departure of the missionaries during the ensuing season, be attended to on 
Friday afternoon ; and that these services consist of the reading of the instructions 
of the Executive Committee, the designation prayer, some parting words from the 
missionaries, and the farewell address to them and to the Union, by Hon. G. N. 
Briggs, President thereof 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

Elisha Tucker, Chairman. 
M. J. Rhees, Rec. Secretary. 

Resolved, That a Committee, consisting of one from every State embraced in 
the home field of the operations of this Union, be appointed, to nominate twenty- 
five persons to be elected as members of the Board of Managers. Rev. Messrs. 
0. C. Comstock, of Mich., J. N. Murdock, of Ct., J. N. Granger, of R. I., C. 
B. Davis, of Me., E. E. Cummings, of N. H., M. J. Rhees, of Del., J. A. 
4 



S6 TUrty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Union. [May, 

Dixon, of la., J. Delany, of Wis., E. M. Levy, of Pa., and Messrs. E. F. 
Smith, of N. Y., D. Sanderson, of Mass., B. Rouse, of 0., P. P. Runyon, of 
N. J., N. H. Bottom, of Vt., were the committee. 

Resolved, That the President nominate all committees during this session of 
the Union, unless otherwise ordered. 

Voted, That 4 o'clock, this afternoon, be assigned as the time for electing 
the oflBcers of the Union for the ensuing year, including the Board of Managers. 

Eev. Messrs. A. C. Kendriek, D. D., of N. Y., F. Snyder, of 0., J. W. 
01mstead,of Mass., G. I. Miles, of Pa., J. R. Scott, of Me., H. Miller, of Ct., 
T. Z. R. Jones, of Mich., were appointed a Committee to designate the place for 
the next annual meeting ; also to nominate some person to preach the annual 
sermon. 

Voted, That the time of holding our sessions during this anniversary, be from 
9 o'clock A. M. to 12i P. M. ; from 2| P. M. to 5 P. M., and at 7^ in the 
evening. 

Voted, That the Committee on nomination be requested to prepare printed 
ballots of such persons as they may nominate to serve on the Board of Managers. 

The Treasurer of the Union, R, E. Eddy, Esq., presented an abstract of his 
Annual Report to the Board of Managers, which was accepted. 

The Home Corresponding Secretary read an abstract of the Annual Report of 
the Executive Committee to the Board of Managers, which was also accepted. 

The report of the Committee on the Resuscitation of the Ava Mission, referred 
to the Union by the Board, was read and adopted. 

The report of the Committee on changing the time of holding our Anniver- 
sary, was read and discussed. 

The committee to whom was referred the subject of a change of the time of hold- 
ing the annual meeting of the American Baptist Missionary Union, from the month 
of May to the month of September or October, are imanimously agreed in the fol- 
lowing report : 

They are not prepared to recommend any action at this time upon the subject ; 
they believe, however, that its grave importance commends it to the consideration 
of the members of the Union. That the present system is attended with serious 
disadvantages is very clear : whether another could be devised which should obviate 
these, without creating others equally or more serious, is the difficult question. The 
month in which the annual meeting is now held, is crowded with anniversaries of 
leading institutions, and is a month of pressing engagements with business men of 
almost every vocation. But these are not the chief difficulties. The chief diffi- 
culties relate to the financial affairs of this body. The members of the Union have 
observed, with regret and alarm, a large and annually increasing sum in the receipts 
of the Union, crowded into the last month of the financial year. Of the receipts 
reported by the Treasurer, yesterday, $36,257.69, or more than two-fifths of the 
entire donations of the year, were reported as received during the single month of 
Mai'ch. It is doubted whether this evil can be cured while the annual meeting 
remains so near the close of the winter months. It is in these months that the collec- 
tions in the principal towns and cities must be made, and though by increased pains- 
taking the evil may be partially met, by pressing collections elsewhere in other 
seasons, the collections in these cities and towns will always rise to so large a propor- 
tion as to give this inevitable feature to our financial affairs, so long as our financial 
year closes as now. 



1850.] Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Union. 37 

The dangers of sucli a system are apparent. The first six months of the financial 
yeai- pass away with small receipts, but the expenditures do not wane in the same 
proportion. It becomes necessary, therefore, to commence the last half of the year 
by borrowing large sums in anticipation of receipts to come in at the very end of 
the year, occasioning not inconvenience only, but the necessity of expending large 
amounts in payment of interest. These receipts, as has b^en said, come in large 
proportions from commercial towns and cities. Let, then, sudden revulsions occur 
in commercial affairs in the months of January or February, and revulsions in the 
financial affairs of this body become inevitable. We have strained our present sys- 
tem to its utmost tension. God has mercifully delivered us at the latest moment, 
but it seems too much like tempting Him to continue the system without some at- 
tempts to provide a remedy for evils so manifest and so threatening. It Is further 
worthy of notice, that under the present system the influence of the annual meeting 
upon the raising of funds is almost entirely lost. We come to our joyous gatherings, 
and then go home to six months of inactivity. Would it not be better if In some 
way we could make the incitements of these occasions our aids in the chief harvest 
time of the year ? 

But this Is only one view of this difficult question. On the other hand, we have 
hitherto held our annual meetings in the spring, and the annual meetings of our As- 
sociations and State Conventions are adjusted to this arrangement. September and 
October are crowded with meetings of these bodies, and though it might be hoped 
that some week In these months would be cheerfully yielded to an Imperious neces- 
sity, it Is only such a necessity which would justify the call for such a concession. 
Other objections there are, scarcely necessary to be considered In detail, which will 
occur to every mind. In the face of such objections no change should be made with- 
out the gravest consideration. Your committee recommend such consideration, 
under the light both of our past experience, and of the future developments of prov- 
idence. 

Your committee will only say, further, that should a change at any time be made, 
they would recommend that the arrangement should involve, as an essential and im- 
portant part, the holding of a missionary meeting In the month of May, in connec- 
tion with other leading anniversaries, — a meeting which in their opinion could be 
made of great interest and Importance. 

Resolved, That the report of the Committee on changing the time of holdino- 
our Anniversary, be referred to a Committee of nine, with instructions to report 
at our next annual meeting. 

Adjourned till 2^ o'clock, P. M. Prayer by Rev. H. J. Eipley, D. D., of 



TUURSDAY AFTERNOON, 2^ o'clock. 

The Union convened, and Rev. J. Stevens, of 0., offered prayer. 

The Committee, appointed at our last annual meeting, to equalize the appor- 
tionment of members of the Board among the several States embraced in the 
home field of this body, reported as follows, and the report was adopted : 

Your committee are unable to fix upon any plan, or ratio of apportionment, other 
than that which has already been adopted by the practice of the Union, The 
committee, therefore, recommend, that the subject be left without any new order 
being established by the Union, and that the vacancies be filled by men from the 



38 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Union. [May, 

States now represented In the Board of Managers, and according to the ratio of 
apportionment hitherto adopted. 

So much of the report of the Committee of the Board on Indian Missions, as 
pertains tp the Cherokee Mission, was read and accepted. 

The hour assigned for the election of the officers of the Union having arrived, 
Rev. S. Graves, of Mich., and Messrs. W. N. Sage, of N. Y., J. M. Hoyt, of 0., 
P. Mason, of N. J., Wm. Newton, of Mass., P. Miller, of R. I., and James 
Schofield, of III, were appointed to collect and count the votes, and they 
subsequently reported that the following were duly elected : 

Hon. George N. Briggs, of Mass., President. 

Eev. Bartholomew T. Welch, D. D.,of N. Y., | y.^^ Presidents. 

Rev. Elisha Tucker, D. D., of III, ) 

Rev. William H. Shailer, of Mass., i^ecort^in^r iSecrefar?/. 

The Committee to nominate twenty-five persons to serve on the Board of 
Managers, reported, and the report was accepted. 

Rev. Messrs. H. C. Fish, of N. J., S. Chase, of Mich., R. F. Ellis, of 111., 
P. C. Dayfoot, of 0., and Messrs. A. J. Bellows, M. D., of Mass., S. Sheldon, 
of N. Y., and P. H. Cassady, of Pa., were chosen to collect the votes for persons 
to serve, during the three years ensuing, on the Board of Managers, and subse- 
quently reported that the election was as follows : 

Ministers. 
J. Sewall Eaton, Portland, Me., Asahel C. Kendrick, Hamilton, N, Y., 

Ebenezer E. Cummings, Concord, N. H., James L. Hodge, Brooklyn, N. Y., 
Pharcellus Church, Boston, Mass., Levi Tucker, Boston, Mass., 

Heman Lincoln, Philadelphia, Pa., Morgan J. Rhees, Wibnington, Del., 

Francis Wayland, Providence, P.. I., Abraham D. Gillette, Philadelphia, Pa., 
Alfred Bennett, Homer, N. Y., David B. Cheeney, Columbus, O., 

Bradley Miner, Pittsfield, Mass., Timothy P. Cressey, Indianapolis, la., • 

William R. Williams, New York., Oliver C. Comstock, Marshall, Mich. 

Laymen. 
James H. Duncan, HaverhiU, Mass., Roswell S. Burrows, Albion, N. Y., 
Jonathan Bacheller, Lynn, Mass., David Scribner, Topsham, Me., 

Albert Day, Hartford, Ct., William Bucknell, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa., 

Ira Harris, Albany, N. Y., William Gammell, Providence, R. I. 

David A. Bokee, Brooklyn, N. Y., 

The report, referred to the Union by the Board, on the Bassa Mission, was 
read and discussed. 

The Committee appointed to designate the place and to nominate a preacher 
for the next annual meeting, reported : — recommending that the meeting be held 
in Boston, Mass.; that Rev. William Hague, D. D., of N. J., preach the annual 
sermon, and that Rev. V. R. Hotchkiss, of N. Y., be his alternate. The 
report was adopted. 

Adjourned till 1\ o'clock, this evening. Prayer by Rev. James Piper, of 
Canada West. 



1850.] Bewf or cements and Appropriations for I'&b^-l. 89 

Thursday evening, 1^ o^cloch. 
After prayer by Kev. William Taylor, of Mich., the Annual Sermon was 
preached, by Rev. E. L. Magoon, of N. Y., from Matt. xx. 26, 27, and 28. 
Adjourned. Rev. B. T. Welch, D. D., offered prayer. 



Friday morning, 9 o'cloch. 

The Union met pursuant to adjournment, and prayer was offered by Rev. C. 
G. Carpenter, of New York. 

The records of yesterday were read and approved. 

The following were appointed the Committee on changing the time of the 
anniversary. Rev. Messrs. J. W. Parker, of Mass., J. Stevens, of 0., H. 
Fletcher, of Vt., M. Allen, of Mich., A. D. Gillette, of Pa., S. S. Cutting, of 
N. Y., J. D. Cole, of N. Y., M. J. Rhees, of Del., and Mr. D. M. Wilson, of 
N.J. 

Voted, That the report on the Bassa Mission be accepted. 

The following resolution was offered by Rev. B. Stow, D. D., and adopted. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the American Baptist Missionary Union are due, 
and are hereby tendered to the Rail Road and Steamboat companies which, with 
great liberality, have conveyed the members over their different routes at reduced 
fare. 

George James, Esq., of 0., offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted. 

Resolved, That a Committee of three be appointed to report at the next annual 
meeting, on the subject of making special provision for the support and educa- 
tion of the children of those missionaries who may die in the service of the Union. 
Rev. Messrs. B. Stow, D. D., J. G. Warren and E. E. Cummings, were the 
Committee chosen. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. M. J. Rhees, was adopted. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be presented to the members of the 
Washington Street Baptist church and congregation, and to the citizens of Buffalo, 
for their generous Christian hospitality extended to the members of the Union 
during its present session. 

The special report of the Executive Committee, on the Reinforcements and 
Appropriations for 1850-1, and which was recommended to be made the order 
of the day, on Friday morning, was read by the Home Corresponding Secretary. 

EEINFORCEMENTS AND APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1850-1. 

The missions have sent home estimates of reinforcements and appropriations 
needed within the year ending March, 1851 ; and if taken as they stand its exjiend- 
ituves cannot be less tban.from Si 20,000 to $125,000. The question, therefore, 
is submitted to this body, Shall the Board assume the responsibility of making the 
reinforcements and appropriations asked by the missions, or shall their estimates 
be reduced ? 

It may be well to state, that every mission is expected to furnish a minute annual 
estimate of Its expenses for the year on which it Is about to enter. These estimates 
are revised, first by the Secretaries and Treasurer, and afterwards by the Executive 



40 Thirty- Sixtli Annual 3Ieetmg of the Union. \]^^Ji 

Committee, — when sucli items are rejected or retrenched, as may be with the least 
injury to the missions, until the schedule of appropriations corresponds with the 
probable receipts for the same year. But the Committee are now perplexed. They 
are not prepared to reduce the appropriations, or to make them the basis of the 
year's expenditure. 

1. They hesitate to enlarge the expenditure. The ratio of increase in the 
contributions of the last four years, is not favorable to a large advance the present 
year. The effort to pay the debt of $40,000, swelled the donations and legacies of 
the year in which it was made, to upwards of $100,000 ; but that was $28,000 more 
than the Triennial Convention received in any previous year, and $42,000 above 
the average of the four years next preceding the reorganization. In the year 
ending with March, 1847, — the first of the Missionary Union, — the amount of 
donations and legacies was $85,000, and it has risen in no subsequent year higher 
than $89,000. The average for each of the last four years, has been $86,664.91 ; 
and little more has been done in the year ending with March, 1850, than to maintain 
this average. While these statements show an increase of nearly $30,000, over the 
average of the four years ending with March,1846, there isdittle in them to authorize 
the expectation of sustaining an advance of twenty thousand dollars in the annual 
expenditures. 

Again : Kindred objects of benevolence will make larger drafts on the contribu- 
tions of the churches than they have done. The unequalled growth and vast 
responsibilities of our own country, have invested the work of home evangelization 
with an interest and importance that must command for It the earnest sympathy of 
every heart animated by Christian philanthropy or true patriotism. But besides 
the claims of new States and territories, five of the older States are now engaged 
in endowing six Colleges and Theological Seminaries ; and from these States, — 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, — the Union has 
received, during the past four years, nearly three-fourths of all that has been 
contributed to its Treasury. Such enterprises will in the end subserve the evan- 
gelization of the world, but their immediate effect will be unfavorable to the foreign 
missionary treasury. How, then, can an advance of twenty thousand dollars, in 
the expenditures of the current year, be provided for ? 

2. But, on the other hand, the Committee are unprepared to reduce the appro- 
priations asked by the missions, for reasons founded in the objects for which the 
increase Is desired, and in the fruits of the missions. The objects are purely evan- 
gelical. Mission schools, except the theological, are necessarily of a mixed chara(;ter, 
and have always occupied a secondary place among the means of evangelization, — 
receiving, exclusive of grants made by the United States government for educa- 
tional purposes among the Indian tribes, no more than a twelfth part of the funds 
paid Into the treasury. It is not for schools that additional means are now sought, 
but for the sending forth of men to preach the unsearchable riches of Christ as God 
giveth the opportunity. Some of these men have been seeking health under the 
genial influences of their eai-ly homes, and others have been recently appointed to 
fields in which overburdened laborers have fallen, or are now sinking under their 
cares. The contemplated reinforcement of the present year, including returning 
missionaries, is twenty-one, — seventeen of whom will be ready to sail the ensuing 
summer or autumn, and the Committee have hope of obtaining the services of the 
remaining four. The new laborers are designed for the Assamese, Burmese, 
Karens, Chinese and Bassas ; and, assuming that Ava can be reticcupied, it would 
be difficult to decide from which of these nations the additional missionary might be 
the most safely withheld. 

But with respect to the fruits of the missions. They furnish the strongest proofs 



1850.] Reinforcements and Appropriations for 1850-1. 41 

of philanthropic enrleavor and large success. The history of these missions, recently 
written, commands for them the respect of the Christian world, and we are so 
thoroucrhly committed to their support that there seems to be no alternative but to 
learn how much they need and to supply it. They have just passed through a year 
in which not one of them is known to have made a retrograde movement ; all, with 
the exception, perhaps, of the Ojibwa, the Ottawa and the Bassa, have advanced ; 
and several of them have made developments of spiritual life and power such as, 
in some respects, have had no parallel in any previous year. 

There have been years in which larger accessions were made to the membership 
of the churches ; but in their influence on the communities among whom they are 
planted, the number and character of the native laborers, the manifestations of 
Christian beneficence among the converts, and the evident approach of native 
churches towards the power of self-support, the past year has been one of unex- 
ampled interest to the missions. These points have received their most impressive 
illustrations in the Cherokee Mission, among the Indian tribes ; in the German and 
French missions, on the continent of Europe ; and in the Karen missions, of south- 
eastern Asia. The Cherokee Mission is said to number more converts to Christianity, 
and to exert a stronger influence on the mass of the people, than any other mission 
among the aboriginal tribes of this continent. The pastors and churches of Germany 
are sending forth influences that bid fair to confer on central Europe the inestimable 
blessings of a pure Christianity ; and the heroic men connected with the Mission to 
France, have brought out so many hidden proofs of spiritual power, that multitudes 
have heard the report of them with unbounded surprise. The Karen Mission at 
Sandoway, discloses some of the sublimest achievements of modern missionary efFoi^t. 
It tells us of more than forty Christian pastors, who voluntarily agree to depend for 
their support on as many Christian churches, in the jungles of Arracan and southern 
Burmah, the richest of which is worth less than a thousand dollars ! It tells us, too, 
of Christian villages in the same regions, in nearly all of Avhich Christian chapels 
have been built and Christian schools are sustained at the expense of a people who 
were regarded, only a few years ago, as the outcast race of an idolatrous land. In 
view of such results, wrought through missions in both hemispheres, can we do less 
than to give them enough to supply their necessities ** 

The Committee were instructed, at the last annual meeting, to gather information 
from all the missions as to the amount of money contributed by the converts for 
benevolent objects ; and in answer to this call the missionaries have sent home 
many of the most instructive and encouraging statements ever received from their 
fields. Some of these have been published in the periodicals of the Union, and 
others are contained in the Annual Report submitted at the present meeting. From 
them it will be seen that the religion which we send to the nations prompts converts 
from heathenism to such deeds of beneficence, that to their power, yea, and beyond 
their power, they are willing of themselves to seek and to seize opportunities to 
relieve the sufTering which surrounds them, and to spread the knowledge of Christ 
to the regions beyond. This large-hearted benevolence is developed in every 
mission, in every church, by nearly every member ; and as a means of spiritual 
enlargement and Christian civilization in heathen nations, its great importance will 
be seen in every year's experience. It should not be lost upon us ; but as an evident 
and precious fruit of wise and faithful missionary effort in time past, it should prove 
ample encouragement to increased activity and self-denial at home ; and, as an 
example of the power of Christianity to fill the heart with generous impulses even 
in the most unfavorable circumstances, it might lead us to inquire how far we are 
under obUgation to practise the beneficence which we teach the heathen. 

This leads the Committee to state another consideration, in view of which they 



42 TMrty-Sixtli Annual Meeting of the Union. [^3,y, 

dirlnk from reducing the appropriations of the year. There are 3,500 Baptist 
churches, with 285,000 members, in the home field of the Missionary Union. But 
one half of the receipts of the past year were the contributions of persons in less 
than one hundred churches ; of the remainder, one half was contributed by less 
than three hundred churches ; and the balance came from about one thousand 
churches : leaving upwards of two thousand churches with at least 1 75,000 members 
that must have contributed absolutely nothing directly for the evangelization of 
the heathen, — an object which is to be accomplished, not by the use of any one 
means, but by the use of all the means employed in the work of home evangelization. 

The duty of doing this work, of preaching the gospel to every creature, in obedi- 
ence to the great command of Jesus Christ, rests somewhere ; and on whom, if not 
upon American Christians ? To whom has it been more freely given ? To whom 
have been more largely committed the means, the instruments and the opportunities 
of extending it to the nations ? Possessing the rarest facilities for the widest mis- 
sionary effort, and the ability to meet its largest demands, ought not every church 
in this land, to be heedful of the voice with which Divine Providence seems audibly 
to speak, saying : If tliou altogether boldest thy peace at this time, then shall there 
enlargement and deliverance arise from another place ; but thou shalt be destroyed ; 
— and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this ? 

With these considerations, which seem alternately to urge them forward and to 
drive them backward, the Committee pause. Shall they, in view of the blessed 
history and pressing wants of the missions, and of the power and duty of Christian 
men and women, advance where God seems to open and lead the way, or, warned 
by the risks of a sudden enlargement, shall they draw back ? 
For the Committee, 

Edw. Bright, Jr., Cor. Sec. 

Ptov. Jonali Gr. Warren, of N. Y., offered the following resolution, which 
after an interesting discussion, which occupied most of the session, was adopted. 

Resolved, That as members of the American Baptist Missionary Union, we 
will emulate the spirit and deeds of our faithful missionaries ; and prompted by 
the calls of Providence and our own sense of duty, will respond liberally to the 
increasing demands made upon our resources, in striving to increase the income 
of the Treasury for the present year by at least twenty thousand dollars. 

The following resolution, offered by Ptev. A. D. Gillette, of Pa., was adopted. 

Resolved, That as members of this Union and friends of missions in general, 
Tre deeply regret the absence of our esteemed Secretary, Piev. S. Peck, D. D., 
and more deeply deplore the afflictive dispensation which has fallen upon him ; 
and we sincerely pledge him our kindest sympathies, and earnest prayers for his 
speedy restoration to health and usefulness in Zion. 

Voted, That we adjourn. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Burtis, of the Presbyterian 
church, Buffalo. 



Feiday aftebnoon, 2^ o'cloch. 

The Union assembled, and prayer was offered by Rev. M. J. Rhees. 

Rev. S. S. Cutting offered the following resolution, which was adopted. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Union are presented to the choir of this 
church for their attendance on the meetings of this body, and the interest which 
tiiey have given to its religious services. ' 

The records of the morning were read and approved. 



1850.] InstruStions of the Executive Committee. 43 

The services of designation, in respect to several returned missionaries and 
ijiissionaries under appointment, were then held. Of the former, there were 
Rev. Messrs. Wade, Kincaid, Bronson, their wives, and Mrs. Cutter ; and of 
the latter, Rev. Messrs. Ward, Whiting, Ashmore and Thomas, with their 
companions. 

The Foreign Secretary being absent from the meeting, in consequence of ill- 
health, the Instructions of the Executive Committee to the missionaries, were 
read by the Home Secretary. 

INSTRUCTIONS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

The missionaries about to sail for Asia, in company with Rev. Messrs. Wade, 
Kincaid, Vinton and Bronson, their wives and Mrs. Cutter, are brethren William 
Ward, Samuel M. Whitino;, William Ashmore, and Benjamin C. Thomas. The 
designation of Mr. Ward and Mr. Whiting is to Gowahatti and Sibsagor — stations 
of the Mission to Assam, the valley of the Brahmaputra — a field embracing a mil- 
lion and a half of souls, and from which the work of evangelization mioht be 
extended northward and southward and eastward, among tribes accessible to the 
Christian missionary. Mr. Ward goes to the place now made vacant by the death 
of ]Mr. Barker, to stand by the side of Mr. Danforth, the only missionary In charge 
of a station surrounded by a population of more than half a million of people. Mv. 
Whiting will be associated with Messrs. Brown and Cutter at Sibsagor, a station 
three hundred miles north-east of Gowahatti, where he will find one laborer absorbed 
with the great work of translating the Scriptures into Assamese, another with the no 
less Indispensable service of printing them, and some hundreds of thousands of 
heathen willing to hear "the glorious gospel of the blessed God." Mr. Ashmore is 
to join the Mission to Slam, to fill the place once occupied by Mr. Dean and after- 
wards by Mr. Goddard. There he will receive the fellowship and counsel of 
brethren connected with the Siamese department of the same mission ; but on him 
win rest the sole responsibility of guiding a church embracing thirty members, and 
of making the truth known to the thousands of Chinese residing in Bangkok. Mr. 
Thomas will be connected with the Tavoy Mission, as fellow laborer with Mr. 
Brayton, in the province of Mergui, and with special reference to the Karens and 
Salongs. The station thus reinforced will have no more than two missionary fami- 
lies, upon whom will devolve the care of the churches now gathered, and the 
instruction of unevangellzed Karens and the Salongs, — a people living on the 
islands between Mergui and Pinang, fishermen, lower in civlhzation than the 
Karens, yet possessing a written language and furnishing ample enqouragement 
for missionary labor. 

Thus every laborer, now set apart to the missionary work, goes to a mission in 
which are the manifestations of a present God ; and each goes to engage in the 
highest department of missionary service, the preaching of Christ and Him crucified. 

Dear brethren, these are the fields and this the work of which we put you in 
charge. In entering upon these fields and In fulfilling this service, 

I. Keep ever In mind the design of your appointment. You are sent, in pursu- 
ance of the object for which the Missionary Union was constituted, " to diffuse the 
knowledge of the religion of Jesus Christ." This appointment involves several 
particulars. You are sent to Assam and Siam and Mergui. Your work is there — 
the foreign not the home work of missions. Henceforward your thoughts, your 
plans, your labors, and your hopes of usefulness mainly, must be there also. Your 
influence may not be confined there ; your love and faith, your patient continuance 



44 Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Union. \]^^Jy 

in well doing, your constancy in trial and suffering, your limited or abundant 
success, may incidentally, will assuredly^ we would say, react on the home field. 
But this is not the end of your being sent, — to do us good, to do our liome iDork. We 
would value your aid, but we cannot claim it. The work abroad claims all your 
strength. It is greater than our work, and there are fewer to do it. Tell us that 
you need helpers, tell us that you need the means of efficient labor ; but lay on us, 
and leave on us, the responsibility of sending the men and means. 

You are sent to the heathen population of Siam and Assam and Mergui. You 
may meet, at least in Assam, with a community, not of large extent, bearing the 
Christian name, speaking your own native language, proffering to you the sympa- 
thies and courtesies of civilized life, and expecting from you in turn the attentions 
and services of a minister of Christ. Their distinguished moral worth, their 
benevolent interest and large liberality in furthering the designs of your mission ; 
t'leir seeming reliance on and cleaving to you, for their own spiritual edification, 
may assert stronger claims ; and pressed by social, generous and even Christian 
impulses, without due forethought you may bestow on a few already instructed, or 
with the means of instruction in the way of life, the time and thought that belong 
to the multitudes of outcasts who throng around them. Unwittingly you may rob 
the heathen. Brethren, you are sent to the heathen, you are debtors to the heathen. 
Take heed that ye be faithful stewards, defrauding no man, fulfilling the service 
whereunto you now are appointed. 

You are sent to diffuse among these heathen the knowledge of the religion of 
Jesus Christ ; not earthly science, not art, not civilization. These follow in your 
train. The gospel p?"o??u'ses the life that now is, as well as that which is to come 
But these are not your aim. Your knowledge, the knowledge you seek to commu- 
nicate, is the knowledge of Jesus Christ ; Christ and him crucified ; Christ first, 
Christ last, the alpha and the omega, the beginning and the ending of your mission. 

What this knowledge is, what its essential truths, where the depository whence, 
and whence only, these are to be drawn, what its effectual working and manifestation, 
and by whose energizing, life-giving power, we need not now rehearse to you. 
God has called you, as we trust, and by his servants put you into the ministry ; who 
have also extended to you the fellowship of the churches, and given their solemn 
charge. 

n. Keeping distinctly in view the design of your appointment, consider, next, 
what are the essential preliminaries to its effective prosecution, and spare no 
personal effort or sacrifice to secure them. The most obvious of these is a know- 
led<fe of the language, character, and state of the people to whom you are to 
communicate the knowledge of Christ. You must know their language, not 
simply to read it, or to understand it read or spoken ; but to speak it correctly, 
fluently, as your own native tongue. And to do this you must mingle and con- 
verse Avith the people. Dictionaries and grammars and reading books and pundits 
will not do it. They may make you correct critics, but stammering preachers. 
Our earlier missionaries, without grammar or dictionary, except as made by them- 
selves, have not betrayed any special unfamiliarlty with the languages of the 
heathen among whom they have preached the word. Every heathen was a teacher, 
every conversation a lesson. It was the same in respect to the character and state 
of the people. The sayings and doings of the heathen, their daily employment, 
their social habits, their religious observances, their civil institutions, the subjects of 
their ruling thoughts and fears, these were continually and carefully under their 
eye. All sights, all sounds, all associations were linked with the heathen whom they 
sought to instruct and save. And here lay one of the secrets of their large success. 
This made them, as concerns success, native preachers. 



1850.] Instructions of the Executive Committee. 45 

There is no special reason known to us, while these preliminary duties, of which 
we have spoken, should be urged upon you, Christian brethren, more than upon 
any other candidates for missionary service. We give them this prominence from a 
deep conviction of their preeminent importance, and from knowing how liable one 
is to fail of their adequate fulfilment. 

III. Our third suggestion relates to the doing of the work for which you are sent, 
— diifusing among the heathen the knowledge of the religion of Jesus Christ. How 
shall this work be done ? Our answer is. Preach the word. As ye go, preach. 
You are appointed of God to the ministry of the gospel. What does this mean ? 
What does the preaching of the gospel mean at home, among ourselves ? 

It does not mean writing works for the press, writing books, good books, for a 
people just emerging from barbarism; supplanting fabulous and demoralizing 
legends by providing a Christian literature, — this is to do a good service, a great 
service ; but it is not " preaching the word." 

Writing religious books, or tracts, though full of the word and spirit of the gospel, 
or even translating the lively oracles of God, is not preaching the word. All this 
is work to be done ; the translating of the Scriptures, and preparation of Christian 
tracts, are means, — a most important, indispensable means of difiusing the know- 
ledofe of Christ among the heathen, and men must be sent to prepare and use them; 
but this work does not belong necessarily to the gospel minister ; it may be done 
by others not put into the ministry : and hence translating the Scriptures, the highest 
order of book-making, is not ordinarily contemplated in setting a Christian minister 
apart to the missionary work. If made his duty, under the providence of God, it is 
by a new and special assignment. 

Nor does preaching the gospel mean school-teaching. Schools must be taught ; 
but the teaching of theological schools even, most suitably committed to gospel 
ministers, is a service altogether and confessedly distinct from preaching the gospel. 
We wish to be understood on this point. We ascribe to school teaching, rightly 
conducted, a most important agency in diffusing among the heathen the gospel of 
Christ. Schools help in various ways. In addition to the good which they directly 
communicate in knowledge and discipline, they separate the young to some extent 
from the revolting abominations of heathenism, encircling them, instead, with the 
atmosphere and sunlight of truth and purity. They sometimes present to the 
Christian laborer, his most promising field for culture, the most mellow, most free 
from noxious weeds, most sure of ripening precious fruits ; the more precious as 
the culture is more constant and prolonged. Schools, too, are nurseries to congrega- 
tions, — auditories for hearing the word. Of themselves they constitute a most 
interesting auditory to the preacher ; they are nuclei for the aggregation of others. 
They are forerunners often, of the faith of the gospel ; though the teaching most 
common to them is not the gospel, nor, as we esteem it, the necessary precursor of 
the gospel. But schools may engross, it is quite possible they have engrossed, in 
some instances, an undue proportion of the missionary's time and labor. Apart 
from their pecuniary expense, drawing largely upon resources demanded elsewhere, 
they make stUl heavier drafts, both in teaching and superintending, on strength 
and time which were intended to be given to the direct ministration of the gospel. 
On your part, brethren, it would be an unauthorized substitution, and as unwise, it 
might prove, as unauthorized. 

Preaching the gospel, in the ordinary sense of the term, is not colporting, nor 
the superintending of churches or preachers. Much of this work may fall to the 
lot of the missionary preacher. Every preacher may be a colporteur ; would that 
every missionary had native churches and preachers to superintend. But native 



46 Tliirty-Sixth Annual 3feeting of the Union. [May, 

preachers can not do Ms preaching. Not only should he point, but lead the way. 
Paul, who had the care of the churches, preached nevertheless as did other evan- 
gelists, laboring more abundantly than they all. You, brethren, are not to preach 
hy proxy. You are sent to the heathen, face to face ; and from your lips must fall on 
their ear the words which shall make wise through faith to salvation. See that j on 
make full proof of your ministry ; and if the heathen perish, let it not be laid to 
your charge. 

In ministering the gospel orally to the heathen, be careful to render, both in 
form and faith, due lionor to God's own appointment. Preach the word ; it is God's 
pleasure by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. Preach it 
purely, faithfully. Preach it with all plainness and directness ; the word of God 
is the sword of the spirit. Pluck it forth from its scabbard ; make it bare. Preach 
in faith, believing assuredly that the word shall not return void. To some it may 
prove a savor of death unto death ; but so many as are ordained unto eternal life 
shall believe. Beware of substituting for God's wisdom man's inventions. It has 
been said by some, the teacher must go before the preacher ; man's word before 
God's word. Believe it not ; the gospel can work its own way ; this is God's plan. 
Christianity will civilize ; civilization cannot christianize. Apparent failures in 
preaching the gospel have their own cause. Preach the word faithfully, plainly, not 
only to your own understanding of what you say, but to the just apprehension of 
your hearers. See that the very thought, the thought as God meant it, be appre- 
hended by your hearers. See, too, so far as may depend on your instrumentality, 
that it be not only apprehended but retained. Let it be lodged in the understand- 
ing of your hearers ; fastened as in a sure place. This may demand unwearied 
repetitions, precept upon precept, line upon line ; this may circumscribe to compar- 
atively narrow bounds your preaching circuit ; the heathen are dull of hearing. Yet 
if this is God's method, be it bounded. Preach to thousands if you cannot to 
milhons. Bear salvation to hundreds if not to thousands. 

Illustrations of the justness of the views now presented, are abundantly furnished 
in the labors and successes of the missionaries now with you. They have wielded 
this sword of the Spirit, and it has proved mighty. With Burmans and Karens 
and Assamese, wherever they have gone preaching the word, lo ! God has been with 
them, working with them, and confirming, authenticating the word as his word, with 
wonders and signs following. In the preaching of the word by them its ministers, 
he has vindicated the wisdom of his plan, he has verified his faithfulness, he has 
maonified the riches of his grace. ' What a multitudinous array of witnesses might 
they set before us, fruits of their ministry, and of their faithful coadjutors, to attest 
the power of a preached word, made quick by God's spirit.' They have wrought 
other labors, diverse in character and greatly useful ; but so far as they have been 
honored to win souls, whether in city or jungle, on hill or plain, by the wayside, in 
the zayat, or in the school, the weapon of their success has been eminently 
the j)reached word, — speaking the word in God's appointed way, to the ear, the 
eye, the conscience of the stricken sinner standing with them before God. 

But there are higher proofs of the preeminent excellence and power of the work 
to which you are set apart. Jesus Christ, in whom were hid all the treasures of 
wisdom and knowledge, went about the cities and villages of his missionary field 
preaching the gospel ; and when his mission was fulfilled, he commanded others to 
do the same work, throughout and to the end of the world. You know how the 
first missionaries, under this commission, went forth, and how they labored. Trust- 
ing in the promise of Him to whom all power had been given, they demonstrated in 
every place that the preaching of the cross was none other than " the power of God 
and the wisdom of God." 



1850.] Instructions of the Executive Committee. 47 

Serving the same Lord, authorized by the same commission, sustained by the 
same promise, animated, as we trust, by the same spirit, you are sent, dear brethren, 
to preach Christ crucified to the heathen, — to tread " the dark and death-fraught 
wilderness," bearing a message which giveth light, Hfe — immortalit}^ You go, not 
knowing the things which shall befall you there ; but you will find no spot not 
embraced within the field of Christian enterprise ; none in which the deep sympathy 
of a multitude of Christian hearts will not reach you; none In which Christ will 
not be with you as your shield and strength. To Him we commit you ; to Him 
who has said, " I am with you alway ; " to him " who is able to keep you from 
falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding 

joy-" 

To you, Christian brethren, who are about to return to your missions, we have 
nothing to say on this occasion in the form of instruction ; but we embrace the 
opportunity to express thus publicly our gratitude to God for all the proofs of his 
favor towards you. " The right hand of his righteousness " has directed your labors 
among heathen nations, and crowned them with larger success than you hoped for 
on entering the missionary service. With health invigorated you again go forth 
to reap the fields in which you were among the first to cast the precious seed. But 
how great the contrast between the scenes which now await you and those which 
met you then ! When the oldest of your number first went foi'th there were to be 
found in all the Burman empire, the seat of our only eastern mission, three mission- 
aries and a solitary church of eighteen members. Now you go to missions numbering 
more than one hundred and seventy-five missionaries and native laborers, with 
sixty or seventy churches, and at least seven thousand Christians to hail your coming. 
The contrast holds, too, in what you leave at home. Then, by the Baptists of these 
United States, SG,000 were contributed in a year for foreign missions ; our annual 
income is now more than $100,000. Cheered by these contrasts, we separate. We 
look forward, not with the hope of seeing your faces again on earth ; but we look 
beyond it, expecting to meet you before the throne of Him whom you serve, — there, 
with its results before us, to contemplate the grandeur and gloi-y of the missionary 
enterprise and of Him by whom it was planned and perfected. 

" Oh then, 
Your hearts will glow with gratitude and love ! 
And through the ages of eternal years, 
Thus saved, your spirits never shall repent 
That toil and suffering once were yours below ! " 

The prayer of designation was offered by Rev. Alfred Bennett, of N. Y. 

The missionaries severally addressed the meeting, also one of the Assamese 
converts ; — to whom the President of the Union responded, and gave the hand 
of fellowship, and assurance of sympathy and prayer. 

The audience then united in prayer with Rev. J. Wade, and the Union 
adjourned to meet in Boston, Mass., on the third Thursday of May, 1851. 

Wm. H. Shailer, Recording Secretary. 



4^ 



Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the .Union. 



[May, 



MEETING OF THE BOARD FOR 1850-1. 



Bdffalo, Friday evening, 3Iay 17, 1850, 

In accordance witli tlie requirements of the Constitution of the American 
Baptist Missionary Union, the Board of Managers met after the adjournment 
of the Union, at 7^ o'clock, P. M. 

The Chairman of the Board being absent, Hon. Ira Harris, of xilbany, N. 
Y., was appointed Chairman, ^ro tern. 

The meeting was opened with prayer, by Rev. 0. C. Comstock, of Mich. 

The roll was called, and the following members were found to be in attend- 
ance : 



Caleb B. Davis, 
E. E. L. Taylor, 
L. Raymond, 
J. N. Granger, 
•M. Allen, 

M. J. E.HEES, 

O. C. Comstock, 

B. Greenough, 
J. Borden, 
G. James, 



Ministers, 
John Jennings, 
j. g. collom, 

N. COLVER, 

E. G. Robinson, 

P. Church, 

A. D. Gillette, 

Laymen. 
D. Sanderson, 
D. R. Barton, 
Ira Harris, 



Elisha Cushman, 
J. Lansing Burrows 
R. H. Neale, 
E. Tucker, 
A. Bennett, 
D. B. Cheeney. 



J. Conant, 
T. "Wattson, 
R. S. Burrows. 



Rev. Messrs. J. N. Granger, E. Tucker, D. D., A. D. Gillette, R. H. 
Neale, 0. C. Comstock and A. Bennett, and Mr. T. Wattson, were appointed a 
Committee to nominate an Executive Committee, two Corresponding Secretaries, 
a Treasurer and an Auditing Committee. 

On motion, Mr. R. S. Burrows and Rev. J. L. Burrows were appointed tell- 
ers, to conduct the election of Chairman and Recording Secretary. 

The Committee to nominate an Executive Committee and OflScers, reported. 

The report was accepted, and the Board proceeded to the election of the Com- 
mittee and Officers. 

Rev. Messrs. E. E. L. Taylor, and A. D. Gillette, were appointed tellers. 

The tellers to conduct the election of Chairmain and Recording Secretary, re- 
ported the following persons duly elected : 

Hon. Ira Harris, LL. D., of N. Y., Chairman. 
Morgan J. Riiees, of Del., Recording Secretary. 



1850.] 



Meeting of the Board for 1850-1. 



49 



The tellers to conduct tlie election of an Executive Committee, reported the 
election of the following : 



Baron STO^y, D. D., 
Joseph W. Parkek, 
William H. Shailer, 

Heman Lincoln, 
Simon G. Shipley, 



Laymen. 



Robert E. Pattison, D. D., 
RoLLiN H. Neale. 



Joseph W. Converse, 
Benjamin Smith. 



Solomon Peck, D. D., CorresjMnding Secretary for Foreign Department. 
Edward Bright, Jr., Corresjoonding Secretary for Home Department. 
Richard E. Eddy, Treasurer. 
Charles D. Gould, 
Joshua Loring, 



Auditors. 



Resolved, That the salaries of the Corresponding Secretaries and Treasurer 
be fixed at $1,500 for the ensuing year. 

Resolved, That a Committee of three be appointed to take into consideration 
the subject of salaries, and to report at the next meeting of the Board. 

Eev. Messrs. J. N. Granger and D. B. Cheeney, and Mr. J. Borden, were 
appointed the Committee. 

Resolved, That when we adjourn, we adjourn to meet on the Tuesday before 
the third Thursday in May, 1851, in the city of Boston. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of the meetings of the Board and of the 
Union, with the documents, be published under the direction of the Executive 
Committee. 

Adjourned. Prayer 'by Rev. N. Colver, of Mass. 

M. J. RuJiES, Recording Secretary. 



THIRTY-SIXTH ANNUAL KEPORT. 



Mr. Chairman: 

No member of the Board, or any individual to whom they committed 
any official trust at home, has died within the past year. Early in the 
year the Burmese missions of Maulmain and Arracan were bereaved of 
two of their female assistant missionaries, — Mrs. S. M. Willsey Osgood 
and Mrs. L. C. Irish Moore ; and the sad intelligence has recently been 
received that Rev. Cyrus Barker, of the Assam Mission, died at sea, 
while returning home, on the 31st of January. But the Committee have 
seen cause for special thanksgivings to God, that so few of the laborers, 
in the home and foreign fields, have died in a year when " the slain of 
the Lord have been from one end of the earth even unto the other end 
of the earth." 



MISSIONARY ROOMS. 

The professional duties of Rev. R. E. Pattison, D. D., made it 
necessary for him to decline the service in the Executive Committee, to 
which he was elected at the annual meeting of the Board, and subse- 
quently Rev. William Leveretfc and George Cummings, Esq., resigned, — 
both having removed from the vicinity of Boston, The vacancies were 
filled by the reelection of Dr. Pattison, who has accepted the appoint- 
ment, and by the election of Rev. Rollin H. Neale and Mr. Benjamin 
Smith. 

The Committee have held their stated meetings weekly throughout 
the year, besides such special meetings as seemed to be required ; and 
the subjects claiming their attention have been disposed of, after much 
careful consideration, with entire unanimity. 

The health of the Foreign Secretary became so seriously impaired 
early in the last summer, that the Committee requested him to abstain 
from all labor in his department until such time as his medical advisers 
might think it safe for him to resume his duties. He consequently 
spent the m^onths of July and August in freedom from labor, and then 
entered upon his duties with health much improved. He continued in 



1850.] Financial Operations, 51 

the active labors of his office till early in April, when he was seized with 
an alarming illness which still confines him. The Committee regret that 
this afflictive visitation has deprived them of his invaluable aid in pre- 
paring a large part of the documents for this meeting, and the Board 
of his presence and assistance in the services of their anniversary. 



FINANCIAL OPERATIONS. 

The receipts of the year have been as follows : 

Donations from Individuals, Churches, and Sabbath Schools, $83,097 58 

Legacies, 3,755 42 

Income of the Farwell estate, 880 80 • 

On account of sale of Grand Rapids land, 500 00 

Profits of Missionary Magazine, 1 84 20 

Interest on Fund for support of Officers, 1,219 20 

Grants of the United States Government, 4,000 00 

" " American and Foreign Bible Society, 9,000 00 

" " " Tract Society, 2,200 00 

Making the receipts, from all sources, $104,837 20 

The expenditures have been for 

Purposes described In the Treasurer's Report, $84,147 23 

Civilization of North American Indians, 4,000 00 

Translation, printing and distribution of Scriptures in Nel- 
lore, Burmah, Assam, Slam, China, France and Ger- 
many, 9,000 00 

Tracts in China, Siam, Assam, Nellore, France and Ger- 
many, 2,200 00 

Salaries of Secretaries and Treasurer, 2,100 00 

Making the expenditures of the year, $101,447 23 

And leaving a balance of 3,389 97=$104,837 20 

with which the debt existing at the beginning of the year has been re- 
duced to $21,501 09. 

This statement shows the amount received in donations and legacies^ 
to be about two thousand dollars less than it was in the year preceding ; 
and the receipts from all sources to be $679 09 below those of that 
year. Nevertheless the past year has been one of progress : the do- 
nations, the voluntary contributions of the living for the ordinary oper- 
ations of the year, having been larger than in any other since the or- 
ganization of the Triennial Convention. The comparative deficiency of 
receipts is to be ascribed to the fact that the avails of legacies have been 
nearly three thousand dollars less during the past year, than they were 
in the year ending with March, 1849. 

The contributions to the treasury from the States of Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Illinois and Iowa, 
have exceeded those of the preceding year. The falling ofi" in other 
5 



52 



Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. 



[May, 



States maybe accounted for by other causes than a declining interest in 
the missionary enterprise. In some of them the agencies of the Union 
have been less actively employed than formerly, and one or two of them 
have suffered much from commercial depression.* 

Of the receipts of the year over ^36,000 Avere contributed in the 
month of March, and the Committee are apprehensive that there is an 
increasing tendency to postpone efforts in behalf of the missions to the 
last month of the fiscal year. This course is embarrassing to the Trea- 
surer, who is thus brought to the necessity of borrowing large sums 
from the first of October to the first of March, and it is also fraught 
•with danger. If more than one third of the ordinary donations are re- 
served to so late a period, a sudden revulsion in the business commu- 
nity, though only slight and transient, might involve the Union largely 
in debt. If means can be devised whereby the income of the several 
months shall be more perfectly equalized, a most important object will 
be secured. 

Sabbath Schools have paid $2,713 23 into the treasury within the 
year. Most of this sum has been applied, at the request of the donors, 
towards the support of the mission schools ; and no contributions have 
been received and expended with greater pleasure. 

The Report of the Treasurer shows a larger expenditure under the 
heads of Agencies, Publications, Secretaries' and Treasurer's depart- 
ments, and Miscellaneous Expenses, than for the year ending with 
March, 1849. But if from the $14,668 20, charged under those 
heads, the expenses incurred in preceding years, and not before ac- 
counted for, be deducted, the actual cost of conducting the business of 
the Board will appear to have been about the same as in the previous 
year. 

Some anxiety has been expressed, lest the expenses incurred in doing 
the business at the Rooms might be unnecessarily increased. But it is 



* The following table shows the amount of donations and legacies from different States 
in each of the last four years : 



States. 


184&-7. 


1847-8. 


1848-9. 


"1849-50. 




S4,676 82 

2,237 50 

1,938 9-5 

21,383 94 

6,185 13 

6,236 61 

20,191 46 

2.181 Go 

11,352 67 

300 00 

2,607 31 

102 00 

360 86 

968 55 

73 04 

98 34 

4,115 01 


^0,388 23 

2,527 67 

2,610 53 

23,928 42 

4,613 25 

4,248 45 

22.708 15 

2,625 77 

5,147 89 

200 00 

6,429 00 

854 50 

696 49 

781 63 

146 75 

15 49 

2,971 39 


S6,052 28 

2,210 59 

1,964 73 

23,483 47 

6,444 68 

5,039 74 

24,707 14 

3,229 83 

4,806 56 

200 00 

6,635 85 

832 01 

936 18 

904 42 

5 00 

43 93 

1,406 58 


^4,506 87 




1,856 32 




1.452 36 




24,316 48 


Hhode Island 


4,671 18 




5,602 06 




25,908 06 




2,286 11 




6,340 13 


Delaware, .••• 


600 13 




5,740 52 




820 52 




1,032 64 
579 95 


Michigan, 




70 35 


Miscellaneous, 


1,069 32 


Totals, 


,!^85,UU9 24 


,K85,894 42 


,^^88,902 99 


,^86,853 00 



1850.] Financial Operations. h2l. 

the deliberate opinion of the Committee that the number of persons 
employed is no greater than the complicated and laborious service im- 
posed upon them demands. The salary of the Purchasing., and For- 
warding Agent, Mr. Thomas Shaw, is placed to the account of the Mis- 
sions, because most of the goods passing through his hands are pur- 
chased and shipped for the individual pecuniary advantage of the 
missionaries ; and nearly one third of the clerk hire is charged to the 
account of the Magazine and Macedonian, because those periodicals 
absorb a corresponding amount of time. 

The Committee, in connection with the Board of the Massachusetts 
Baptist Convention, petitioned the Legislature of Massachusetts for an 
act releasing the estate of the late Mrs. Farwell from the trust in 
which it was involved, and the petition has been granted. The condi- 
tions imposed by the Legislature direct the payment to the Convention 
of $6,666 67, — a sum, the interest of which, at six per cent, is equal to 
the annuity of $400. The Treasurer has been authorized to make this 
pavment, and measures have been taken to effect the sale of the estate. 

The debt of the Union, April 1, 1846, was $34,855 09, and at the 
close of the last financial year it stood at $21,501 09; showing a re- 
duction of more than one third in four years, besides the payment of the 
current expenditures of each year. The importance of liquidating the 
debt has at no time been overlooked by the Committee, and in their 
judgment it would be advisable to charge the avails of the Grand Rapids 
land and the Farwell estate with its payment. It is believed that these 
will prove sufficient to cancel the entire debt, and by giving them such 
direction more than one important object will be secured. 

The Committee desire to call the attention of the Board to a source 
of embarrassment in conducting the work assigned them, namely, the 
practice of making donations for specific objects rather than for the 
general purposes of the Union. No missionary has been assigned to 
any individual or church since the rules directing the course of the 
Committee in that particular, were adopted by the Board at Cincinnati ; 
and no injury is likely to result from inviting the Sabbath Schools to 
support the mission schools, or from designating a mission as the object 
to which any contribution is to be applied. But when the specifications 
have reference to objects less general, and involving smaller annual ex- 
penditures, there is danger of being led into enterprises of doubtful pro- 
priety, and of providing some favorite objects with means beyond any 
existing demand. So long, therefore, as the entire contributions fall 
short of the aggregate necessities of all the missions, is it not highly 
important that the Committee should be free to appropriate them ac- 
cording to the relative claims of the several objects- before them? 
Contributors have an undoubted right to name the purpose to which 
their gifts shall be applied, and such designations, when made, should 
be strictly followed. Nevertheless it is a right the exercise of which, 
when unattended by any discretionary provision, has led to results that 
it would be well to avoid. 



54 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report, [May, 

AGENCIES. 

The agents employed through the year have been Rev. Alfred 
Bennett, Rev. Sewall M. Osgood, Rev. Joseph Wilson, Rev. Orrin 
Dodge, and Rev. James F. Wilcox. Besides these brethren, Rev. John 
Stevens was occupied, part of the time, till January, 1850, in superin- 
tending the Cincinnati edition of the Macedonian ; Rev. Greenleaf S. 
Webb and Rev. Oren Tracy devoted a few of the first weeks of the year 
to their respective districts, and then resigned the service. Rev. J. M. 
Courtney spent five months in visiting churches and associations in Ohio. 
Rev. William Penney has been employed since December, 1849, in 
western Pennsylvania, and Rev. Joseph W. Eaton in Rhode Island and 
eastern Massachusetts. Other individuals have performed temporary 
service in different sections of the country ; and of the missionaries now 
at home. Rev. J. H. Vinton, Rev. M. Bronson, and Rev. J. M. Has- 
well, have devoted a considerable part of their time to collecting funds 
and diffusing a missionary spirit in the churches. 

The general character of the labor performed by the agents, the 
amount of time spent in the service, and the whole number of churches 
visited, have been about the same as in the preceding year. But a 
wider territory has been travelled over, and a larger proportion of labor 
has been done by occasional agents. The resignation of three agents, 
successfully occupying important districts, and one of them for many 
years closely identified with the growth of the missionary spirit in Ohio, 
made it necessary for the Committee to secure the temporary help of 
those who were wilHng to lend their aid. Several associations in Canada 
West, and the State Conventions of Indiana, Michigan and Illinois, have 
been attended by Rev. A. Bennett, and Rev. S. M. Osgood devoted 
part of the autumn and winter in promoting the interests of the Union 
in Ohio and Indiana. Mr. Bennett was accompanied by Rev. M. Bron- 
son. Both were received with great cordiality, and many good results 
are anticipated from the services they rendered. 

The Committee were instructed, at the last meeting of the Board, 
*' to inquire into the expediency of modifying our system of agencies," 
and to report at the present time. Much inquiry has been directed to 
the subject thus referred, but without reaching such conclusions as 
would justify the Committee, at this time, in recommending any essen- 
tial modification. The system now pursued, and the only system of 
means under the control of the Board, embraces the correspondence of 
the Missionary Rooms, the periodical publications of the Union, and the 
employment of district agents who are expected to promote their work 
chiefly by personal intercourse with the pastors and churches. If this 
system, embracing the written letter, the printed sheet, and the travel- 
ling agent, be viewed merely in theory, it might be difficult to suggest 
any modification that could give it greater completeness or efficiency. 
But practically it is attended with one serious embarrassment; viz., the 
difficulty of securing the services of a sufficient number of well qualified 
agents from year to year. This embarrassment arises from the nature 
of the service, the inroads it makes on the enjoyments of home and 



1850.] Publications. 55 

habits of study, and from the views with which it is very generally 
regarded. Experience shows that a sufficient number of missionaries, 
to do the work of evangelization among the heathen, can be more easily 
obtained than the smaller number of thoroughly qualified agents for the 
home work. 

This difficulty might be mitigated by diminishing the number of 
agents. But this would be rather a submission to the evil complained 
of than its removal. The present number of agents address not more 
than one third of the churches in the home field, and of the remaining 
two thirds not more than one fifth have pastors who will do the work 
without an agent's aid. Or the evil might be removed by effecting 
such a change in the duties of agents as would give them wider spheres 
of operation, and allow them to perform more of their labor by corres- 
pondence. Many weighty reasons might be assigned in favor of such 
a modification, but the Committee are not prepared to recommend its 
adoption at present. They would not relinquish the idea as impracti- 
cable, but hold it as a subject of future inquiry. Every year deepens 
the conviction that the employment of agents is indispensable to the 
home work ; and means should be devised for securing the services of a 
sufficient number of men adapted to the service. 

The Committee were also instructed to report at this time, " whether 
any improvement in the present plan of raising funds for the Union can 
be made, and if so to report a plan." The plan now rehed upon for 
the supply of the Treasury includes such agencies as are under the 
direction of the Union, and such as are employed by individuals and 
churches on their own responsibility. The Committee have already 
stated that they are not now prepared to suggest any essential change 
in the first class of agencies ; and as to the other class of means they 
are unable to report better than those presented at the last annual meet- 
ing.* A monthly missionary sermon from every pastor, a missionary 
periodical in every family, stated contributions from every Christian, a 
penny-a-week collection in every Sabbath School, and the missionary 
concert of prayer in every church, will secure to the missions all the 
money needed to supply every want. This plan is simple, economical, 
practicable. It has been proved ; and when it shall be adopted and 
acted upon in every place, there will be no need of any other agency, 
on the part of the Union, than the written letter and printed sheet. 
But the Committee have learned that the most wisely adjusted frame- 
work has no power to sustain the missionary enterprise, without the ani- 
mating influence of a living missionary heart. The great desideratum 
in the home work of missions is such a heart in the bosom of every man 
who has received a commission from Christ to be his ambassador. 



PUBLICATIONS. 

Of the thirty-fifth annual report, 1,500 copies have been circulated, in 
addition to the Magazine edition of the same document. The paper pre- 
sented at the last annual meeting on the " means essential to the right 

• See Occasional Publications, No. 2. 



56 Thhty-Sixth Annual Report. [Maj, 

prosecution of the missionary work in churches," was printed, as No. 2 
of the Occasional Pubhcations, and 3,000 copies have been distributed 
agreeably to the directions of the Board. The monthly circulation of 
the Magazine, for the year ending with December, 1849, was about 
4,000 copies, and its net profits were $184.20. The monthly issue of 
the Macedonian, Boston edition, in the same year, was 14,000, and the 
balance in its favor Avas $179.42. The average circulation of the Cin- 
cinnati edition of the Macedonian, in 1849, was 5,000 copies, and the 
balance against it, for the six years of its publication, including the sums 
received on the succeeding volume, was $173.61. 

The new arrangement for publishing the Magazine and Macedonian 
was entered upon in January last, after careful inquiry as to the best 
method of securing the objects contemplated by the Board. Regarding 
these periodicals as agencies for promoting the cause of missions, and as 
objects of common interest to all who contribute to it, — to be conducted, 
therefore, so as to be a source neither of direct expense nor profit to the 
Treasury, it was determined to reduce the Magazine to the lowest price, 
and to increase the Macedonian to the largest size, at which they could 
be printed and circulated without ultimate loss. It was also deemed im- 
portant to have the periodicals printed at the same office, and to have 
the work done in the best manner and at the lowest rates. Accord- 
ingly, three respectable establishments were requested to give the terms 
on which they would print both, with certain stipulations, for three years 
from January 1, 1850. On receiving these proposals, it was found that 
Messrs. Damrell & Moore had offered the lowest terms, and a contract 
was closed with them. 

Such a disposal of the printing did much towards securing to the 
Union the proprietorship of the Macedonian on reasonable terms ; and 
the price of it, together with the balance against the Cincinnati edition, 
which was discontinued at the close of its sixth volume, will chiefly be 
paid by the balance in favor of the Boston edition at the end of 1849, 
and the profits of the Magazine the same year. 

The Magazine continues to be edited by the Foreign Secretary, and 
in addition to editing the Macedonian, the Home Secretary has the im- 
mediate care of the publication of both periodicals. It has been the aim 
of the Committee to use every means consistent with the principle of self- 
support, to increase the value and the circulation of both publications. 
Agencies, at which monthly packages are delivered at the expense of 
the pubhcations, have been established at twenty-five places in twelve 
different States ; and the monthly issue of the Magazine has now reached 
5,000, and that of the Macedonian nearly 30,000. This measure of in- 
crease, however, does not correspond with the magnitude of the object 
for which they plead, or with the influence which they ought to exert. 

The wisdom of discontinuing the gratuitous distribution of the Maga- 
zine has been doubted. It is urged that some plan by which every pas- 
tor, and every annual contributor of a given sum, might receive it without 
charge, would effectively subserve the missionary work. But such a 
distribution would depreciate the paying subscription list, and make a 
direct draft on the Treasury of from $1,000 to $2,000 a year. The 



1850.] 3£issionaries appointed. 57 

Macedonian has been sent, since the beginning of the present volume, to 
every pastor whose address could be ascertained, and not known to re- 
ceive it in some other way. This has been done for the benefit both of 
that periodical and of the cause of missions. The same course could be 
continued at an annual cost of about three hundred dollars, and it is 
worthy of consideration, in view of its relations to the home work of 
missions, whether this would not be expedient. 

The publishers of Professor Gammell's History of Missions have 
issued the sixth edition of that work, and sold neai-ly six thousand copies. 
Several of our missionaries, to whom it has been submitted, have attest- 
ed the substantial accuracy of the narrative. It has been received with 
marked favor both by the religious and hterary public, and has met the 
unqualified comni'.'ndation of the highest critical journals. As a stand- 
ard history of our missions, worthily commemorating the past and fitted 
to enkindle new zeal for the future, the importance of giving it the 
widest circulation can hardly be over-estimated. 



MISSIONARIES APPOINTED. 

The missionaries and assistant missionaries appointed during the year 
have been, 

Rev. Harvey E. Knapp and Mrs. E. R. Keyes Knapp, to the Arra- 
can Burmese Mission, and to labor among the Kemees. 

Rev. Harvey E. Campbell, and Mrs. C. C. Conant Campbell, to the 
Arracan Burmese Mission, and to labor among the Burmese of Ramree. 

Miss H. Elizabeth T. Wright, to the Maulmain Karen Mission, to be 
associate teacher in the Karen Normal school. 

The individuals above named sailed from Boston on the 18th of 
October, 1849. 

Rev. Eugenio Kincaid, with Mrs. B. McBain Kincaid, has been reap- 
pointed missionary to Ava, or some other place in the northern part of 
Burmah Proper. 

Rev. William Ward, and Rev. Samuel M. Whiting, have also been 
appointed missionaries to Assam ; Rev. William Ashmore to the Chinese 
department of the Siam Mission ; and Mr. Benjamin C. Thomas to the 
province of Mergui, including the Salongs. These brethren, with the 
same number of assistant missionaries, are expected to sail the ensuing 
summer and autumn for their respective stations. 



MEMBERSHIP OF THE UNION. 

The whole number of members now in the Missionary Union, is 2,530 ; 
— of whom 1,873 have been made members by Churches, Associations, 
Co.iventions, and other religious bodies, and 639 by their own or the 
contributions of personal friends.* 

* In a few instances it is not known by whom individuals were made life members. 



58 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report, [May, 



MATJLMAIN BURMAN MISSION. 

Maulmain. — Rev. Messrs. A. Jtjdson, E. A. Stevens, and L. Stilson, Mr. T. S. 
Ranney, printer, and their wives ; Rev. T. Simons, Miss L. Lillybridge, teacter. 

Ten native assistants. 

Amherst. — Three native assistants. 

In this country, Rev. Messrs. J. Wade and J. M. Haswell, and their wives ; on 
their way from Burmah, Rev. H. Howard and wife. 

Two stations ;* eight missionaries and eight female assistants ; thirteen native as- 
sistants. 

The connection of Rev. S. M. Osgood with the Maulmain Mission 
was closed in October, in view of his constitutional tendency to disease 
in a tropical climate. Mrs. Osgood, after many years of faithful service 
in Assam and Burmah, deceased at Wyoming, N. Y., in July. Mr. 
and Mrs. Haswell arrived in this country in June last, and will probably 
be detained for the benefit of their health through another cold season. 
The return of Mr. and Mrs. Howard is in consequence of the long con- 
tinued illness of Mrs. H., Mr. Howard's health being also much im- 
paired. Mr. Wade is transferred from Tavoy to Maulmain, to labor 
among the Burmese population of the city, this arrangement being fa- 
vorable to his health, and the wants of Tavoy station being compara- 
tively supplied. 

The duties performed in past years by Mr. Howard are now devolved, 
in the Burmese Boarding school, upon Mr. Stilson, and in the EngUsh 
church on Mr. Simons. With these exceptions, the course of labor at 
Maulmain and Amherst is substantially as reported last year. Dr. Jud- 
son continues in charge of the Burmese church, and is also preparing and 
carrying through the press his Burmese and English Dictionary. Mr. 
Simons, in addition to his labors among the English, visits more or less 
extensively among the Burmese population. To Mr. Stevens is assigned 
the care of the Maulmain preaching assistants, and the theological school, 
and of the church, assistants and school at Amherst, with the editing of 
the monthly Religious Herald in Burmese. He also preaches on the 
Sabbath, alternately with Dr. Judson, to the Burmese chapel congrega- 
tion, and at other times at out-stations and in the city, occasionally mak- 
ing excursions into the jungle. Mr. Stilson has been employed in pre- 
paring books and maps, and in teaching, but has conducted the native 
Sabbath school, and on Sabbath evenings has regularly preached at one 
of the day school stations. To Mr. Ranney, besides other more general 
interests, belongs the care of the binding and printing departments and 
the depository for both the Maulmain missions. Miss Lillybridge has 
found her principal occupation in the female department of the board- 
ing school, but, with one or other of her missionary sisters, has devoted 
portions of time to visiting Burman females at their dwellings. 

The mission speak, also, of the services of Mr. Mason of the Tavoy 

• The Mission name no " out-stations," though several preaching places might properly 
be so designated. 



1850.] Maulmain Biirman Mission. 5^ 

Mission ; who, residing at Maulmain, throughout the year, and occu- 
pied principally in translating the Scriptures into Karen, has ordinarily 
made two circuits on the Sabbath among the Burmese, preaching and 
distributing tracts. 

The native assistants preach almost daily at zayats in the city, when 
not employed in adjacent places, or in visiting more distant villages in 
the dry season. Two are stationed at Obo, the north-eastern suburb of 
Maulmain. 

At Amherst, in the absence of the pastor. Sabbath services are regu- 
larly conducted by Moung Oung Men, with occasional help from other 
native brethren. 

Churches. — Compared with the extent of preaching in and around 
Maulmain, the accessions to the churches within the year have not been 
large ; sufl&cing however to indicate the presence and power of the Holy 
Spirit. The number admitted by baptism is nineteen, distributed as 
follows : 

The ilaulmain Burmese chiirch, . . 3 Whole number 141 

Maulmain, English church, 9 " " 25 

Ajuherst " 7 " " 46 

Total, 19 " " 212 

The average aggregate attendance at public worship has been, in the 
same connection, about 350. The Maulmain Burmese Sabbath school 
has had eighty pupils, and the Amherst fifty. Another church, it has 
been suggested, might be advantageously organized in the southern sec- 
tion of Maulmain, and a preaching missionary stationed permanently in 
that vicinity.* Urgent representations are also made of the importance 
of employing one missionary exclusively in visiting and preaching in the 
city in company with the native assistants, as tending greatly to enhance 
their usefulness. 

Schools. — The theological class has consisted of four pupils, three of 
whom were from Burmah Proper ; their attention has been given to the 
study of the Scriptures, particularly the New Testament. The Board- 
ing school has numbered sixty boarding and forty day scholars ; the 
Eurasian department, of from twelve to twenty pupils, having been closed. 
At five day schools the aggregate attendance has been 103 boys and 
thirty-eight girls. The day school at Amherst has averaged fifty boys 
and ten girls. Whole number of pupils about 300. 

Publications. — The number of volumes printed in the year ending 
July 1, 1849, in four languages, was 1,900, and of tracts, 9,300 ; mak- 
ing pages 1,096,900. Whole number of pages from the beginning, 
92,590,237. Issues from the depository, of books and tracts, 19,969. 

In the printing office are seven fonts of type in native languages, and 
six in English ; also a font of music, made wholly by a native. A bind- 
ery and type foundry are connected with the establishment. There is 
also a lithographic and copper-plate printing department, conducted by 
Mr. Stilson. 

• This place, it is expected, will be supplied by Mr. "Wade. 



60 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

Contributions. — The contributions to the Burmese Missionary Society 
for the year 1848-9, were as follows : 

Maulmain Burmese church, 153 7 

Other contributors, 205 9 

Total receipts, 359 

The receipts of the Maulmain Missionary Society for the year ending Oct. 31, 

including the Karen Mission, were 2,665 

Receipts of the Burmese Boarding school, less rs. 130 mcluded in the above, 776 

Total, rupees, 3,800 

In addition to the above, about rs. 100 per annum, are raised for 
contingencies in the Burman chapel worship, and rs. 2,000 for similar 
purposes connected with the English congregation, besides a special 
contribution the past year of rs. 400 for repairs on the English chapel. 

The contributions of the native church have in some years amounted 
to rs. 2^0. Similar aid may reasonably be expected from year to year. 



MAULMAIN KAREN MISSION. 

Maulmain (Newton.') — Rev. Messrs. J. G. Binney, N. Haeris, W. Moore, and 
their v^ives ; Miss M. Vinton and Miss H. E. T. Weight, teachers. 

In this country. Rev. J. H. and Mrs Vinton. 

Three native assistants. 

Kaukoo, Dong Yan and Balugoon, out-stations ; six native assistants. 

Neioville. — Ko Panlah, native preacher ; five native assistants. 

Chetthingsville, — Prahhai, native preacher ; four native assistants. 

Bootah. — Tahoo, native preacher. 

Rangoon. — Kyahpah and Aupatc, native preachers; eleven native assistants. 

1 station and 7 out-stations ; * 4 missionaries and 6 female assistants ; 5 ordained 
native preachers ; 3 teachers and 26 other native assistants. 

Mr. and Mrs. Vinton expect to resume their labors in the mission 
before the close of the current year. Miss Wright, lately appointed 
assistant teacher in the Karen Normal School, left this country for 
Maulmain, in company with other missionaries, in October. 

Churches. — The usual visitation to the churches was made in the early 
months of 1849, Mr. Binney proceeding to Newville and Chetthingsville, 
and their branches : Mr. Moore to Dong Yan and other Pwo churches ; 
and Mr. Harris to Bootah, &c., on the Attaran river and to Balugoon. 
They found the churches generally in a prosperous state, although some, 
as at Newville f and Krai, had been subject to severe trials. J All had 

* The number of places of stated preaching is thirty-five, including twenty in 
Burmah Proper. All the assistants itinerate more or less. 

t See letter of Mr. Binney, Miss. Mag. 1849, pp. 284-5. Also letter of Mr. Moore, 
ib., pp. 286-7. 

J Mr. Binney writes of Newville church : " The church at Newville has been 
passing through a furnace the past two years. The greater part of the members are 
tried, steadfast Christians. They would be a blessing to tuiy church. A few are, I 
fear, deceived ones. There is a class between the two who appear to be really Christ's 
people ; but they have failed amid their many temptations. Seven were excluded ; 



1850.] Maulmain Karen Mission. 61 

received additions by baptism. At the close of the rainy season reports 
were still more gratifying ; embracing, however but few particulars from 
Rangoon. 

TABLE OF CHURCHES AND BAPTISMS. 

Churches. Baptisms. Excluded. Total. 

Newton, 16 144 

Newville, 27 10 246 

Chetthingsville, 5 4 115 

Bootah, 3 161 

Kaukoo 8 65 

Dong Yan, 9 99 

Balugoon, 1 17 

Rangoon (2 chhs.) *114 861 

Total, nine chiurclies, 69 14 1,708 

The annual meeting of the Maulmain Association, composed of the 
above named churches, except those in Burmah Proper, and embracing 
Burmese churches, — in all seventeen churches and branches, with more 
than a thousand members, — was holden at Bootah on the 10th and 11th 
of January. 

Schools. — The Theological Seminary, in charge of Mr. Binney, com- 
pleted its eighth session Oct. 1. Number of students twenty-seven ; of 
these, ten were from Arracan or its borders, two from Tavoy, two from 
Amherst province, and the rest from Rangoon and its vicinity. The 
studies were the same as in former sessions, and the progress of the 
pupils satisfactory. Members of the oldest class were not present ; all 
but two, who were sick, being employed as teachers in the jungle. The 
second class would be equally in demand the ensuing (last) dry season. 

The Normal School is doing well. Number of pupils thirty-six, 
including fourteen girls. They all read English with considerable ease, 
and are required to understand what they read. Nineteen are members 
of the church. The oldest class have been over the Old Testament, 
with the exception of the Minor Prophets. They can answer historical 
questions, and understand many of the more difficult points from Genesis 
to Daniel. Efficient help has been rendered Mrs. Binney by Miss 
A^inton throughout the year. On the return of Mr. Vinton, who will 
need Miss Vinton in the jungle schools, her place is to be occupied by 
Miss Wright. 

The average attendance of pupils at the Sgau boarding school, under 
Mr. Harris's care, during the rainy season, was fifty, all but eight of whom 

the others appeared so full}- and deeply penitent, that the church allowed them to 
remain on their making a public confession." At Krai there had been <' much division, 
and some instances of open transgression which required prompt discipline." At 
Chetthingsville " they had been blessed throughout the year with a very strict disci- 
pline, but it had been tempered with kindness and forbearance truly praiseworthy. 
The fruit of it was apparent in the whole church." Of Dong Yan church, Mr. Moore's 
report is much lUce that of Newville. " Some of the confessions were sad ; in most 
cases, however, there appeared true contrition. The line of distinction between 
church members and the world is nowhere more plainly marked than in this country. 
Some of them furnish bright examples of piety, and manifest to all by whom they 
are surrounded that they live near to God." 

* Included in the statistics of the last report. 



62 TUrty-SixtJi Annual BejMrt. [May, 

have been received to membership in the church. Eleven were added to 
the church last term. The Pwo Karen school, in the care of Mr. Moore, 
had thirty-three boarding pupils. Five day schools were taught in the 
jungle a third of the year, with an average attendance of fifty-five. 
Whole number of pupils, exclusive of Seminary students, 174. Several 
schools are taught in Rangoon district, the statistics not communicated. 
Native Contributions. — The following table shows the contributions of 
native churches for the year ending April 1, 1849 : 

rs. an. pi. 

Churches in Burmah Proper, in care of Aupaw, 120 

" " " " Kyahpah 200 

Church at Newton, 28 12 2 

" Chetthingsville, 27 14 1 

NewviUe 129 6 II 

Krai 100 11 

Bootah 26 11 3 

" Toonatu, 5 10 6 

•' Balugoon, 7 

Amherst, 2 11 7 

" Dong Yan, ,. 61 

" Kayen 25 4 3 

" Krungpung 2 8 

Total, (equal to $334.96,) 736 14 8 

The above does not include the amount given to the poor, nor presents 
to their preachers, nor any thing done for their chapels. Nor does it 
include any thing contributed by the missionaries, even at the monthly 
concert.* Provision has since been made by some of the churches in 
aid of the mission schools, and arrangements are contemplated for com- 
mitting to some of the abler churches the support of their own pastors. 
These arrangements, however, if made, will not supersede the necessity 
of careful supervision by the missionaries. " The more I see of these 
Christian churches and assistants," says Mr. Binney, " the more deeply 
I am convinced that they need for a few years the utmost vigilance of 
your strongest men. Better material was never put into the workman's 
hands, but they have ' hard hearts and crooked ears,' and if neglected 
or but half superintended, the result will be but too manifest before 
many years shall have passed." 

* " One fact," adds Mr. Bitiney, " should be noticed in the above. The churches 
that have given are those to which your missionaries have been able to give the 
most careful supervision. Nor are the churches at Rangoon an exception to this 
remark. Since Mr. Vinton left us they have not been visited ; but through my 
pupils, visitors from Rangoon and correspondence, no small amount of time has 
been devoted to them." 



64 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

TAVOY (KAREN) MISSION. 

Tavot.— Rev. Messrs. C. Bennett, E. B. Cross, J. Benjamin, and their wives. 
Rev. F. and Mrs. Mason, temporarily at Maulmain. 
Ten out-stations ; fourteen native preachers and assistants. 
Mergui. — Rev. D. L. Bratton and Mrs. Bkayton. 
Pour out-stations ; five native assistants. 

2 stations and 14 out-stations ; 5 missionaries, one a printer, and 5 female 
assistants ; 19 native assistants. 

Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin arrived at Tavoyin April of last year. Mrs. 
Brayton, on the recovery of her health, sailed for Burmah in Oct. Mr. 
and Mrs. Wade return to Burmah the current year ; but are expected, 
in accordance with their expressed wishes, to labor, as before stated, in 
connection with the Burman Mission at Maulmain. 

The labors of the Tavoy station and out-stations have devolved on 
Messrs. Bennett and Cross, and those at Mergui and its dependencies 
on Mr. Brayton. The northern and eastern churches were visited by 
Mr. Bennetc, the southern Tavoy churches by Mr. Cross, and the 
residue in Mergui province by Mr. Brayton. A tour of exploration was 
also made by Mr. Brayton along the borders of Siara, The churches in 
the northern section were found in an unsettled and somewhat dilapidated 
state, in consequence of the wide dispersion of the people through fear 
of the small pox. The six churches in the neighborhood of Pyeekhya 
were in a more prosperous condition, maintaining among themselves a 
proper discipline, and manifesting a good degree of interest for the 
conversion of the heathen around them. 

Those of the extreme south, visited by Mr. Cross, were in a less 
orderly condition. Several of the churches have erected new chapels 
or repaired the old. The Ulah church, (Pwo Karen,) during Mr. 
Brayton's absence in this country, " had experienced some signal favors 
and passed through sore trials." Five had been excluded, and two 
others restored. The church at Palaro river is of recent formation, and 
consists of Pwo Karens. 

Schools. — The school for native assistants has numbered the past year 
nineteen pupils, whose progress in study has given increased gratifica- 
tion. The English and Burmese school has enrolled nearly fifty pupils, 
with an average attendance of forty. A Karen school, of about twenty 
girls and ten boys, has been taught by Mrs. Bennett. Mr. Brayton 
conducted a boarding school at Mergui during the rains, of forty pupils.* 
Schools were taught also at the out-stations by native assistants. 

The whole number of schools including four boarding schools was 
twenty, and of pupils 377. 

* The first and great object of the school, as is usual, was •' to convey Bible truth 
to the understanding and the heart." The text books were Matthew, John, Luke 
and Acts, all of the Scriptures that had been printed in the Pwo dialect, on which 
three hours were spent daily. Religious meetings were also held every evening in 
the week. Such instruction was given in scientific studies as the circumstances of 
the school permitted ; and the proficiency of the pujiils, especially in arithmetic, was 
satisfactory. 



1850.] 



Tavoy Karen Mission. 



65 



Publications. — The principal publications of the Tavoy press, the past 
year, Ave re the Book of Genesis, in Sgau Karen, 1,000 copies; the 
Psalms in the same dialect, and the Karen and English vocabulary. 
The whole amount of printing reported, was 2,096,960 pages, and of 
issues 819,676. 

Contributions. — The amount of donations and subscriptions to the 
Tavoy Missionary Society the past year, was rs. 669.12.3., of which rs. 
201 were from native sources. The contributions made in connection 
with Mergui station are not reported. 

Churches. — The following table gives a statement of the churches 
and schools in connection with Tavoy station : 



Churches. 


Nat. Asst^s. 


Baptisms. 


Whole No. 


Schools. Pupils. 


Contributions. 


Tavoy, 


. . 2 Burman . 




.. 18 .. 


.. 3 


... 80 . 




Mata, 


..3 Karen . 





.. 407 .. 
.. 36 .. 


.. 4 


... 50? . 
... 20? . 


.. 45 8 


Newville, . . . 




.. 4 5 


Yaville, .... 


..1 " 


. . . 


. . 54 . . 


1 


.... 20 . 


.. 11 1 6 


Laulu, 


..1 " 


. . . 


.. 25? .. 






7 4 


Pyeekhva, .. 


..1* " 


... 17 .. 


.. 125 .. 


.. 1 


... 49 . 


.. 33 5 6 


Patsaixoo, 


. .1 " 


... 5 .. 


.. 86 .. 




... 24 . 


.. 15 6 


Palouk, .... 


..1 " 


... 2 .. 


.. 31 .. 




... 12 . 


8 


Katay 


..1 " 


... 1 .. 


.. 24 . 


1 


... 12 . 


.. 10 6 10 


Themboung, 


..1 " 


. .. 


.. 16 .. 


1 


6 . 


4 10 4 


Kabin, 


. .1 « 





50 .. 


.. 1 


... 7 .. 


7 15 1 


Churches 11 


U 


25 


872 


15 


280 


147 14 3t 



Mr. Brayton gives the following statistics of the Mergui stations, 
exclusive of Themboung and Kabin named in the preceding table : 



Out-stations. 

Mergm, 

Ulah, 

Kabin, 

Themboung, . 
Palaw, 


C/ihs. 
.. 1 .. 

. 1 .. 


Nat 


Asst's. 
1 . 
1 . 

1 . 
1 . 
1 .. 


Baptism 
... 8 

'.'. 3 '. 


s. Wiole No. 
... 54 ... 

... 7 . . " 


Schools. 
1 Bd. sc. 
1 day " 

1 " 
1 " 
1 " 


Pupils. 
... 40 
... 10 

... 25 


Mamaza, 

Tenget, 


... 15 
... 7 



Totals, 



20 



377 



Siamese Karens and Salongs. — Early in 1819, Mr. Brayton ascended 
the Tenasserim, crossed the mountains, and penetrated to the Longwo 
or Meinam river, in Siam, striking it at Paunchate, a Taling settlement, 
twenty days' journey above Bangkok. His intention was to proceed 
to Prat-thoo-wan, a Pwo Karen city, about eight- or ten days' travel 
above Paunchate, and the central point of the Siamese Karens. In this 
he was disappointed in consequence of the sickness of some of his 
attendants. He sent, however, an experienced Karen preacher, who 
travelled among them about a month and was cordially received. Mr. 
Brayton reports a large Pwo Karen field there, now wholly uncultivated ; 



* Ordained preacher. 

t Other native contributions to the Tavoy Missionary Society increased the above sum to 
rs. 204. 



66 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [^^^'J? 

■which he is exceedingly anxious to enter. The point most favorable for 
entrance, he thinks, may be Maulmain, Amherst or Yeh. Some of the 
Siamese Karens have also been seen at Bootah by Mr. Harris, who had 
come, some six, some ten days' journey to " spy out the land," with a 
view to emigrating to Tenasserim, if they were pleased with it. Mr. 
Harris hopes soon to make a tour among these Karens, bordering on the 
mountains and Siam. 

Of the Salongs little information has been received in addition to 
former communications. Mr. Brayton renews the epxression of his 
belief that " there is great encouragement in behalf of that people." 
Our first introduction to them was through Mr. Wade, who (in 1844) 
represented them as a " people dwelling on the islands between Mergui 
and Pinang, far below the Karens in knowledge and civilization, 
despised, abused, and robbed by Chinese, Malays, and all the surround- 
ing tribes ; their only means of livelihood, fishing and fabricating a 
species of mats." Their number has been estimated at 10,000. Their 
language has been reduced to writing by Mr. Stevens, Avho employed 
the Pwo Karen characters ; and a primer, with some grammatical 
notices, has been prepared, which may be found of use to any who may 
study the language. Mr. Brayton has repeatedly visited them ; some 
have been taught in the Mergui schools. Some have listened to the 
gospel of Christ ; and a church has been constituted of believers, 
numbering twenty-nine at the last report. 

The Committee have appointed Mr. Benjamin C. Thomas, of the senior 
class in the Newton Theological Institution, as a missionary with special 
reference to the Karens of Mersui and the Salongs. 



ARRACAN MISSION. 

Akyab. — Rev. C. C. Moore. Rev. L. Ingalls on his way to the United States. 

Out-station, Cmda. 

Ramree. — Moung Pyoo, native preacher, and other native assistants. 

On their way to the station, Rev. Messrs. H. E. Knapp and H. M. Campbell, and 
their wives. 

Two stations, 1 out-station ; 4 missionaries and 2 female assistants ; 6 native as- 
sistants. 

Mr. and Mrs. Moore arrived at Akyab last year, March 5. The latter 
was early removed from her work by death, Nov. 5. Mr. Ingalls, after 
exposure to the toils of the missionary field for fourteen years, is about 
to return temporarily to the United States. Mr. Knapp, specially des- 
ignated to labor among the Kemees, has probably before the present 
time reached his destination. Mr. Campbell, who left Boston in the 
same vessel, Oct. 18, is under appointment to the Burmese in Ramree 
district. Moung Pyoo was ordained on the first Sabbath in January, in 
reference to the pressing wants of that region, and set out on the 16th, 
for his field of labor. 

Baptisms. — On the Sabbath following the arrival of Mr. Moore, four 
young men, previously examined by Mr. Ingalls, were baptized at his 
request by Mr. M. They are regarded as men of promise, and are 



1850.] Arracan Mission. 67 

now in school. On the 22(i of the same month an interesting convert 
was examined at the same station from Kondeing, a village five days' 
journey from Akyab. He is a learned man, sixty-one years of age, and 
formerly occupied an honorable place among the distinguished men of 
his nation. He first heard the gospel six years ago from Mr. Comstock, 
who visited his village three or four times and gave him a New Testa- 
ment. He immediately received the word and commenced proclaiming 
its glad tidings. This man has persuaded twenty families of the village 
to embrace the new religion with him ; and several of the inhabitants 
came with him to receive further instruction and to be baptized. 

Another promising convert is Tha 0, a young man from Ramree, a 
preacher by profession. There is a class of men in Arracan, to which 
he belongs, who gain a livelihood by preaching at funerals. When a 
native dies the neighbors assemble for several nights in succession at the 
house of the deceased, and one of these "preachers" entertains the 
company till a late hour by reciting in a plaintive strain passages from 
the sacred books. This young man had acquired great celebrity by this 
employment. He was baptized in October last in the " new chapel " 
at Akyab, and a large and solemn assembly witnessed the rite. 

The most cheering prospects are opening before the misssion in Ar- 
racan. Mr. Ingalls remarks : " I have never seen so many indications 
of good in Burmah since I entered the empire as now. We are daily 
at the work of demolishing the false system that now enslaves these 
multitudes. Some of the most talented Burmans, though not publicly 
Christians, join us and deal heavy blows. There is a wide-spread im- 
pression that Boodhism is a system of lies and deception, and that the 
religion of Christ will soon prevail. Many have forsaken idolatry who 
have not yet embraced Christianity. Since the last report twenty-two 
have been baptized, and five have died." 

The Akyab chapel above alluded to, 45 by 30 feet, built of the best 
material and roofed with tin, has been completed the past year. It con- 
tains a baptistery of brick. The cost was about rs. 1,200. 

At Ramree many are inquiring the way of salvation. A year since, 
the native teacher reported that more than sixty people came to his 
house habitually for prayer. A Keyzon was sent thither at a later 
period, and wrote in September that he was preaching to assemblies 
numbering from 800 to 400 daily. 

Kemee Department. — Tidings from the Kemees continues to be 
favorable. A class of Kemee pupils has been instructed at Akyab ; 
and they have now a teacher and a school among themselves. The 
whole influence of the Kemee chief is on the side of Christianity. 
The Burman head-man associated with him is equally desirous that his 
district be occupied by missionary laborers, and promises to build a 
zayat. Head-men from several other districts are equally urgent. 

Contributions. — Of the sum expended in constructing the Akyab 
chapel, the church contributed about rs. 11 o, 4 an.; East Indians, 
70 ; Mussulmans, 50 ; Chinamen, 10 ; Burmese, 353, 8 ; English resi- 
dents, 330. The liberality of the native Christians in this work was 
very striking. Even aged widows, who had no means of support, were 
anxious to give a little. 
6 



1850.] Sandoway (Karen) Mission. 69 



SANDOWAY (KAREN) MISSION. 

Sandoway. — Rev. E. L. Abbott, Rev. Messrs. J. S. Beecher and H. L. Van- 
Meter, and their wives. 

1 station, 36 out stations ; 3 missionaries, 2 female assistant missionaries. 44 native 
preachers and assistants. 

The Karen department heretofore belonging to the Arracan Mis- 
sion has been constituted the Sandoway Mission. Mr. and Mrs. 
Van Meter since their arrival at Sandoway, have been principally 
occupied in the study of Pwo Karen. Their coming and designation 
were welcomed by the Pwos with great rejoicings. About 300 are 
in connection with the Sandoway churches, and 200 were waiting for 
baptism, and had been anxiously looking for a missionary to them for 
years. A small school of six or seven was organized at the station 
during the rains ; other schools were taught by Pwo assistants at out- 
stations, and two or more assistants were employed in preaching. 

In the Sgau Karen department, the representations made in the last 
report have been abundantly confirmed by later communications. The 
number of churches at the close of 1848, was thirty-six ; of native preach- 
ers, forty-four ; of scholars in day schools, 421. The number of baptisms 
during 1848, was 373 ; of deaths, seventy-two ; of exclusions, twenty-four 
Whole number of members reported, 4,341 ; estimated number, 4,500 
The whole number baptized in connection with the Sandoway Mission 
from the beginning, is more than 5,500, of whom 700 or 800 have died 
There are reported also 5,124 unbaptized Christians, " who have main 
tained as religious a hfe in all respects as the members of the churches, 
only not baptized." Twelve chapels, of superior construction have 
been completed, each accommodating several hundred worshippers ; and 
nearly twenty of an inferior order. Forty native assistants have been 
with Mr. Abbott at Ong Kyoung, making good progress in their studies. 
" But few cases of discipline," says Mr. Abbott, " less, I should think, 
than among the same number of churches in America. Additions are 
being made year by year ; day schools are established in nearly every vil- 
lage ; and the people are increasing in knowledge, and walking in the 
fear of the Lord." 

Contributions. — The converts manifest a rare spirit of liberality. 
They have been particularly encouraged to contribute to the institutions 
of education and rehgion among themselves. In 1848 they sustained 
for a period of four months or more, nineteen schools, with an average 
of twenty-two scholars. In nearly every Christian village they have 
erected houses for worship, which are durable and commodious in pro- 
portion to the number and ability of the converts. During Mr. Abbott's 
absence the Christians of two villages, by their own contributions and 
almost entirely by their own labor, erected two chapels, either of which 
could not have been built by the mission for less than $400. Besides 
this, they supported three preachers at an expense of about sixty rupees 
each, and two schools, one of seventy-five and the other of fifty scholars. 
One of these churches then numbered about sixty famihes, and the other 



70 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

forty. Some of the churches now support their pastors entirely. In 
1848 forty native assistants were supported in connection with the San- 
doway station at an expense to the Union of only 600 rupees. This 
system of self-support is working well. And did the Burman Government 
and their own mode of life permit the Karens to congregate together in 
villages of moderate size, they would soon, it is believed, not only support 
their own pastors, but aid in sending the gospel to the heathen around 
them. 

This feature in the progress of the missions is hailed with unmingled 
satisfaction. This mission is the first under our charge so fully to 
develop the principle of self-support. To provide for the support of 
their own religious institutions, is one of the most decided indications 
that a people have become truly a Christian people ; and the Committee 
have strong hope that the time is not far distant when churches in all 
the missions will be able to follow the encouraging example of the converts 
at Sandoway. 

Barmah Proper. — Since the period embraced in our last report, Mr. 
Abbott has attempted to reenter Burmah Proper by ascending the 
Bassein river. He has been invited by the governor of the district 
living east of the Bassein. But his course was arrested. The governor 
of Bassein province refused permission, proposing however to lay the 
case before the king at Ava. 

A few weeks afterwards, Mr. Abbott made a second attempt, by 
another route, crossing the hills from the head of Baumea river. In 
this also his scheme was frustrated. The governor of the district which 
he first entered, was too timid to allow him to remain ; and though 
treated with courtesy in other respects, the head men of the village and 
the Karen pastor were made responsible for his immediate return. AVith 
a heavy heart he retraced his steps to the sea, holding himself in readi- 
ness, however, to renew the attempt at the first more favorable moment. 



MISSION TO SIAM. 

Bangkok (Siamese department.) — Rev. Messrs. J. T. Jones and S. J. Smith, Mr. 
J. H. and Mrs. Chandler, Mrs. Jones and Miss H. H. Morse. 

( Chinese department.) Four native assistants. 

Out-stations. — Leng-kia-chu, Bang-chang. 
1 station and 2 out-stations ; 3 missionaries and 3 female assistants ; 4 Chinese 



Mr. Smith arrived at Bangkok June 22. 

The daily morning worship with those in the employ of the mission 
has been continued, a part meeting with Mr. Jones and a part with Mr. 
Chandler. The Sabbath services have been conducted by Mr. Jones 
as heretofore. The attention to religious instruction and preaching has 
been good. The truth has evidently made a good impression on some 
minds. The demand for tracts and books continues to increase, and a 
knowledge of the way of salvation through Christ is rapidly diifusing 
itself among the people. In January and February last Mr. Chandler 



1850.] Mission to Siam. 71 

proceeded up the Meinam river on a tour of distribution. The excursion 
occupied thirty-three days, and is the most extensive missionary tour 
ever made in Siam. In September Mr. C. undertook a second tour in 
another direction. More than two thirds of the places visited in these 
excursions were new to the missionaries, none having passed over the 
ground before. The people in some few places were afraid to take books, 
but generally they received them with gladness. 

There was never a time, perhaps, when the people of Siam were so 
accessible to missionary efforts as now. Missionaries are free to travel 
throughout the country, and books are taken, and it is beheved read, by 
all classes, from the lowest of the people to the king on his throne. 
Not long since an aged Siamese died at the mission compound, who, 
though he had not seen a Christian missionary, had read the " foreigner's 
books," and for years had worshipped only the true God. He had come 
five days' journey to seek the teacher. He displayed much knowl- 
edge of Christian doctrine, and before he was fatally attacked by chol- 
era was receiving farther instruction, preparatory to his admission to 
the church by baptism. 

Since the departure of Mr. Goddard in March, 1848, the care of the 
Chinese department has devolved upon the missionaries to the Siamese. 
Within that period Mr. Jones has baptized eight persons at Bangkok, 
five Chinese, two half Chinese and one Burman, besides one aged man, 
Pe-kua, at Bang-chang. Four have been baptized Avithin the year. 
Four have died.* Among these was Chek Su, the faithful tract dis- 
tributor at Leng-kia-chu.f The present number of native members is 
twenty-nine. Another person gives good evidence of a change of heart, 
and one or two more profess to believe the Christian doctrine. The 
church was commenced in 1833 by the baptism of three persons. 
Fifty-six in all have been baptized. 

The two out-stations, Leng-kia-chu and Bang-chang, have been visited 
three times the past year by the missionaries, and Hongkit spent two 
weeks at Leng-kia-chu and six at Bang-chang. The labor at these sta- 
tions was ordinarily performed by Chek Su, Chek Suan, and Chek Pit, 
tract distributors, who conducted daily worship and Sabbath services. 
This department of the mission demands immediate reinforcement. So 
painful had the impression become in the minds of Mr. and Mrs. Jones, 
that some spiritual guidance was needed by the native Christians, that 
the latter had been giving her earnest attention to the study of the 
Chinese language, that she might be qualified to counsel and instruct 
them. The Committee have recently appointed Rev. William Ash- 
more, of Ohio, to take charge of this branch of the mission, who will 
sail, if Providence permit, the present season. This accession, at the 
present crisis, Avill be peculiarly opportune. 

Printing department. — A revised edition of the New Testament has 

* The Chinese church, with the assistance of others, have purchased a small lot of 
land for a burial-place. The Siamese burn their dead, a custom peculiarly repulsive 
to the Chinese, who show great veneration to the remains of their deceased friends. 

t Since the presentation of the Report intelligence has been received of the death 
of Hongkit. He was an excellent assistant, and was chiefly employed at Bangkok. 



T2 TTiirty-Sixih Annual Report. [May, 

been commenced, and printed as far as Romans. The edition is of 
8,000 copies to the end of John, and 2,000 to the end of Romans ; 
1,500 will be printed from Corinthians to Revelation. One thousand of 
each of the Gospels have been bound separately, and 1,000 of the Gospels 
and Acts. The following table shows the amount of Siamese printing. 

Books and Tracts. Copies. Pages, 12mo. 

Old Test. Biography, Vol, 2, 3,000 342,000 

Golden Balance, 3,000 96,000 

Book of Parables 3,000 112,000 

Gospel by Matthew 1,000 115,500 

" " Mark, 1,000 69,000 

" « Luke, 1,000 118,500 

" " John, 1,000 94,500 

Gospels and Acts, 1,000 502,000 

New Testament, 29 forms 1,000 522,000 

Siamese Almanac, (1850,) 7,000 242,667 



Total in Siamese, 22,000 2,214,167 

A few publications have been issued in Chinese. The second part of 
the Chinese and English vocabulary, prepared by Mr. Goddard, has 
been completed, and the work bound up for use. Two Chinese tracts 
have been reprinted, one of 2,000, the other of 500 copies. Two 
boxes of Chinese books have been received from China. 

The number of Siamese tracts and books distributed during the year 
has been 17,672; and of Chinese about 3,500. 

Some additional improvements have been made in the Siamese type, 
and new type has been cast nearly equal to a common font. The pre- 
sent type is accurate and handsome, but too small for general readers ; 
and a new font of a larger size is in course of preparation. 

Contributions. — The church have exhibited a degree of liberality 
strongly evincing their sincerity. The members are generally poor. 
The income of Hongkit, about eighty-four dollars a year, was double 
that of any other native Christian ; yet they contributed in 1848, for 
the spread of the gospel, nearly forty-two ticals, about two ticals, or one 
dollar and twenty cents, for each member, exclusive of donations for 
sick and indigent members, burials, &c. The same year 202 ticals 
were paid for building an asylum, &c., for aged and infirm members, of 
which the church gave sixteen. The remainder was contributed by 
British merchants, missionaries, and others. In 1849, Hongkit, the 
principal assistant, was supported without expense to the mission treas- 
ury, at 144 ticals per annum ; also two schools, male and female, con- 
taining twenty or thirty pupils who were taught, and furnished with 
books and paper, and more or less with food and clothing, for more than 
half the year. 



1850.] Mission to China. 



MISSION TO CHINA. 

Hongkong. — Rev. Messrs. "W. Dean and J. Johnson. 

Chek-chu, Long Island, Tu-kia-wan, out-stations ; A Sun, A Tui, Ko A Bak, native 
assistants. 

NiNGPO. — Rev. Messrs. J. Goddaed and E. C. Lord, D. J. Macgowan, M. D., and 
their wives. 

Tszki, out-station ; Chin CMng Taw, native assistant. 

2 stations and 4 out-stations ; 6 missionaries and 3 female assistants; 7 native 
assistants. 

Hongkong. — Preaching in Chinese has been maintained at Hong- 
kong, Chek-chu and Long Island. The services at the mission chapel 
at Hongkong have been attended bj from thirty to fifty Chinese, be- 
sides the school boys from Tu-kia-wan. After the morning -worship 
these boys repeat their catechism and Scripture lessons to Mr. Johnson, 
and at 2 P. M., with a company of adult Chinese, meet at the school 
house in a Bible class. Morning and evening worship is conducted 
with the Chinese teachers and domestics. 

The out-station at Check-chu has been occupied by A Sun. He 
has conducted daily worship and preached at his house on the Sabbath. 
The attendance has varied from six to thirty. The inhabitants of the 
village and the people of the boats in the harbor have been visited at 
their dwellings and supplied with tracts by the assistant. A few have 
manifested some interest in respect to the truth, but none are known to 
have given evidence of a transformation of character and life. 

The station at Long Island has been occupied by A Tui, with 
occasional visits from the other assistants. A school of twenty boys was 
maintained there most of the last year, and the station enjoyed its 
usual prosperity. 

A school has been kept during the year at Tu-kia-wan, on the main 
land opposite Hongkong. The number of pupils increased from 
tAvelve to twenty. They are now under the charge of Ko A Bak, who 
conducts worship with them and some of their parents every evening, 
and goes over with them to the public worship in the chapel at Hong- 
kong on the Sabbath, No change is reported in the Hongkong church. 

Frinting. — The Union have no press for Chinese printing except at 
Bangkok, it being less expensive in China to employ native workmen. 

Books. PagM. Copies. Pages. 

Matthew, wdth Notes, revised 170 3,000 510,000 octavo. 

Christian Manual and Chronology, ... 40 3,000 120,000 " 

Genesis, Chap. 1-5 (Tract form), .. . 30 

Of Matthew 1,000 copies additional were printed at the expense of 
other missionaries. Explanatory notes to the revised edition of Genesis 
have been prepared, and sent to the printer, to chapter 24th, making 
100 pages, 8vo. A revised edition of the Acts is also printed, " with- 
out note or comment," and the Gospel by John, Mr. Goddard's transla- 



74 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

tion, has been reprinted. In addition to these, there have been printed 
during the year about 20,000 copies of different tracts, previously 
prepared by members of the mission. 

Contributions. — The church was estabhshed in 1842. Converts were 
taught from the beginning their duty to contribute of their substance to 
aid in the conversion of others. The contributions at the Monthly Con- 
cert have been as follows :— In 1843, p2.09 ; '44, $84 ; '45, $25.24 ; 
'46, no report ; '47, $20.12 ; '48, $39.'81 ; '49, nine months, $30.13,— 
besides $40 towards building a chapel at Tung Chid. The entire pro- 
perty of the native members of the church does not exceed $1,000, and 
the annual earnings of each man are on an average less than $80. 

NiNGPO. — In August last Mr. Goddard was afflicted with severe 
sickness of a pulmonary character. His health has since improved. 
Mrs, Goddard continues to suffer much from the disease which drove 
her from Siam. Mr. Lord was in feeble health the last summer ; Mrs. 
Lord has also been dangerously ill, and Dr. Macgowan has passed 
through a severe attack of fever. 

Religious services. — Regular Sabbath services in Chinese have been 
held in the chapel, which is situated on one of the chief streets of the 
city. The services have been conducted by Mr. Lord and Dr. Mac- 
gowan in turn, aided by the native assistant. The audience has varied 
from thirty to sixty. Some have seemed to listen with attention, and 
stopped to converse at the close of the services. They have evidently 
gained some hold of the fundamental truths of the gospel. Others 
probably have come in only to satisfy a vacant curiosity. It is an 
interesting fact, indicating the progress of Christian ideas, — that when 
the gong is struck for service on the Sabbath, a congregation very soon 
assembles ; whereas the striking of the gong at the same hour any other 
day scarcely brings together persons enough for a social conversation. 
The people have evidently learned to make a distinction between the 
Sabbath and other days. A daily service has also been conducted since 
June last at the chapel by the three missionaries in turn, with the aid 
of the native helper. The attendance on these services is irregular and 
less than on the Sabbath. 

Bible classes have been kept up during the year by Dr. Macgowan 
and Mr. Lord, except when prevented by sickness. The former meets 
on the Sabbath, and is attended by eight or ten adults, who commit to 
memory select portions of Scripture, which are explained by the teacher. 
Mr. Lord's class meets on Thursday, and consists of from four to six 
individuals. 

Medical treatment. — There is a dispensary at the chapel, chiefly 
under the care of a native physician. Dr. Macgowan has another at 
his own house, where he receives patients every day at noon. Chinese 
to the number of 12,956 during the year, availed themselves of the 
medical skill of Dr Macgowan, to whom, as opportunity presented, tracts 
were given and the gospel explained. The native assistant resides at 
the chapel to converse with all who call and to give them tracts. 

Day school. — A day school under the supervision of Mr. Lord has 
been taught at the chapel by a native teacher during the year ; average 



1850.] Mission to China. 75 

attendance, twenty. The children are instructed in both native and 
Christian books, and the school is opened and closed with praj^er. 

Out-station. — Some missionary work has been performed at Chinhai, 
a walled city at the mouth of the river, and at Chusan, by persons who 
have visited those places for the benefit of their health. Tsz'ki, a 
walled city about fifteen miles up the river, has been regarded as an 
out-station. It containes a population of probably between fifty and 
one hundred thousand. " A good idea of the toleration enjoyed by 
Christian missionaries in China," says Dr. Macgowan, " is afforded by 
the fact, that we are allowed to proclaim the gospel in the temple of 
the tutelary god of the city. In this large building, which here, as in 
every Chinese city, is the principal place, we are expected to address 
the people whenever we visit them. They, in fact, lead the way 
thither, and give all the outward attention and respect which could be 
expected from a promiscuous audience." The church at Ningpo has 
assumed the expense of sustaining this out-station, — the contributions 
of the monthly concert ($84) being sufficient to pay the salary of the 
native assistant. 

Books and Tracts. — Tavo tracts have been prepared and printed dur- 
ing the year ; — one explaining the place, time, and nature of the 
public religious services of the mission, and giving an outline of the 
gospel. It was prepared by the native assistant, and contains twenty 
pages, 16mo. The number of copies printed is 2,000. The other 
tract is the first chapter of Genesis, with an introduction and brief notes 
by Mr. Goddard, fourteen pages, ICmo., of which 5,000 copies have 
been printed. The printer has also in his hands another tract by Mr. 
Goddard, consisting of the first five chapters of Genesis, with notes and 
the same introduction, which will cover forty pages. The brethren 
have received from Hongkong and distributed 1,32".^ copies of portions 
of the, Scriptures containing 42,020 pages, and 47,364 pages of tracts. 

Results. — In May last an aged Chinaman was baptized. He had 
attended worship for more than a year, and for several months given 
evidence of a saving change. He was formerly a patient of Dr. 
Macgowan. About the close of September he was taken sick, and 
died. He manifested great composure in the prospect of dissolution, 
having a desire to depart and be with Christ. We .trust he has been 
gathered in as a first fruit from Ningpo. Three or four others give 
encouragement, and the knowledge of the truth is manifestly prevailing 
among the people. The church numbers eight persons, and the usual 
congregation on the Sabbath amounts to forty, among whom are one 
or two females. 



T6 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. \)>^^Jt 



MISSION TO ASSAM. 

SiBSAGOR. — Eev. N. Brown, Mr. O. T. Cutter, and their wives. Mrs. Cutter 
now in this country. 

NowGONG. — Rev. I. J. Stoddard and wife. Rev. M. Bronson and wife now in 
this country, one other female assistant. 

GowAHATTi. — Rev. A. N. Danforth and wife. Mrs. Barker now on her way to 
the United States. 

3 stations ; 5 missionaries, 1 a printer, and 6 female assistant missionaries ; 4 
native assistants. 

It was stated in the last report that Mr. Barker, who for years had 
been struggling against disease, had been obliged to take a voyage along 
the coast of Bengal Bay, in the hope of avoiding the necessity of a 
more protracted absence from his field of labor. The hope of perma- 
nent benefit, however, proved futile, and he left Gowahatti Oct. 29, 
with his family, to return to the United States by way of England. 
After embarking, his health improved, but on the 20th of January 
■unfavorable symptoms began to appear. He died January 31, and his 
body was committed to the deep till the sea shall give up its dead. 

Mrs. Brown arrived at Sibsagor the 28th of June. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bronson and Mrs. Cutter are expecting to return to Assam in the month 
of July. The Committee have also appointed Mr. William Ward, of the 
senior class in Madison University, to join the station at Gowahatti, 
and Mr. S. M. Whiting, of the senior class in Newton Theological 
Institution, to be associated with Mr. Brown at Sibsagor. They will sail 
likewise in July ensuing. 

Sibsagor. — On the 9th of December Mr. Brown baptized two 
converts. The third edition of the New Testament was in course of 
printing at that date, and a new edition of the Hymn Book, which will 
be enlarged about one third. With the additional helpers about to be 
sent forth, Mr. Brown will be able to devote himself to the translation 
of the Old Testament. 

NowGONG. — This station was commenced in October, 1841. Mr. 
Stoddard has been alone in the charge of it during the year. The 
number in the Orphan Institution is forty, of whom ten are girls. Two 
buildings have been completed for their due separation and accommo- 
dation. Five of the pupils have been baptized, and two have died. 
The school includes children of all the Hindoo castes, from the brahmin 
down to the lowest grades, together with Cachari and Mussulman 
children. The Committee have been anxious to secure a competent 
layman to take charge of the school ; but as yet their efforts have not 
been crowned with success. 

The Nowgong church has passed through some trials, but on the whole 
is in a prosperous state. One member was excluded in June last, having 
renounced the religion of Jesus Christ. On the same day a very prom- 
ising boy of the school was baptized. Others are inquiring and praying, 
and for many months a serious feeling has been manifest among the boys 
and girls. 



1850.] Mission to Assam. 77 

GoAVAHATTl. — Mr. Danforth has had the sole care of the station since 
the departure of Mr. Barker. For the girls' boarding school a good 
brick building has been erected, thirty by sixty feet, the cost of which 
was about 700 rupees. About 600 rupees have already been realized 
from the gentlemen and ladies of Assam. The school is in a flourishing 
condition. There is also a boys' school, which is doing well. It numbers 
forty pupils. The scholars come to the bungalow daily, morning and 
evening, where worship is conducted by Mr. Danforth. 

There is a great demand among the people for schools. Some time 
since, thirty very promising lads, from twelve to fifteen years of age, 
came thirty miles to the station. They were the representatives of 
eighty who had formed themselves into a school, and came to beg for 
books and a teacher. They were dismissed with a few copies of Luke's 
Gospel, and a promise to visit them, — the only encouragement which 
could be given. The entire district is accessible to the preaching of the 
word. 

New fields of labor. — A large and interesting field is opening for 
spiritual cultivation from Nowgong station, among the Mikirs, Nagas, 
Kukis and Garrows, mountain tribes on the south-eastern borders of 
Nowgong district. Several British military posts have been established 
among them, and two schools ; and several thousands of them acknowl- 
edge British authority and ask for British protection. They speak a 
dialect of their own, and do not understand the Assamese. A young 
and promising girl from these hills is now in the Orphan Institution. 

The Mikirs number 11,000 in the Nowgong distiict, and perhaps 
7,000 or 8,000 out of it. They would be more likely, it has been 
said, than any other tribe to reward missionary efforts. There are 
two tribes of Nagas, the Angami Nagas and the Rengma Nagas, — the 
former numbering nearly 70,000, the latter perhaps not exceeding 8,000. 
Many of the former dwell in densely populated villages along the salu- 
brious hill-sides ; and though fond of the turbulent liberty they enjoy, 
are inoffensive to strangers, and inclined to court the friendship of civil- 
ized foreigners for the advantage of traffic. The Rengmas are inter- 
mixed with the Mikirs, and the same mission arrangements might 
accommodate both tribes. 

The Kukis, on the Cachar hills, are mild in their manners, but in a 
state of great rudeness. They do not number more than 4,000, but are 
yearly increasing by emigration from the Tripural hills. 

The Lalungs constitute a numerous population at the foot of the hills, 
numbering nearly 25,000 persons, and are understood to be well dis- 
to receive missionary instruction. 

The Cacharis, in the neighborhood of Gowahatti, are said to resemble 
the Karens in physical condition and mental character. They have a 
language of their own, but it is used only amongst themselves. They 
all speak Assamese. They are not Hindoos, and are of course free 
from the fetters of caste. They are the most athletic, industrious and 
robust people in Assam ; a quiet, agricultural tribe, scarcely possessing 
an instrument of war or the knowledge of a war song or a war dance. 
They are even more accessible than the Assamese, and any number of 



1850.] Mission to the Teloogoos. 79 

youth could be obtained from among them for instruction. They have a 
principal locale at Chatgari, a frontier district about thirty or forty 
miles from Gowahatti, where they number about 30,000 souls. Hindoo 
priests are at present doing all in their power to bring them Avithin the 
pale of Hinduism, and have already made a large number of converts. 
The boys in the boarding school are mostly from this tribe. Who can 
tell but God will bless missionary efforts among these tribes as he has 
among the Karens ? 

The cry for assistance from this mission has been long and loud. The 
shattered health of the missionaries has removed several of them 
successively from the field of labor, and the harvest has whitened over 
the hills and plains of Assam with none to put in the sickle and reap. 
The brethren have not alone called for help. The miseries of heathen- 
ism have not set forth the sole argument. Native youth have indited 
the most affecting communications to the Christians of America, praying 
for gospel truth. " The Assamese people," says one of them, " are not 
dying for worldly riches, but they are dying for the bread of life, which 
came down from heaven not alone for the Americans but also for the 
poor heathen." " More than two thirds of the country," says another, 
' is lying desolate for want of preachers ; therefore it is a very great 
grief to our souls ; for the Lord Jesus did not pour out his precious 
blood on the cross for us only^ but for all the world, i. e. for every one 
that believeth on him. But how can they believe unless they hear the 
gospel ? And how can they preach unless they be sent from American 
churches ? ' " 



MISSION TO THE TELOOGOOS. 

Nellore. — Rev. Messrs. S. S. Day, and L. Jewett, and their wives. 
Mrs. Day at present resides in this country. 

1 station : 2 missionaries, and 2 female assistants ; besides Rev. S. and Mrs, 
Van Husen, in the United States. 

The earliest missionaries to the Teloogoos, Messrs. Day and Abbott, 
were designated to that field in September, 1835. The designation of 
Mr. Abbott on further consideration was changed to the Karens, and 
Mr. Day proceeded to his work alone. After various inquiries and jour- 
neys and several changes of residence, he finally established the mission 
at Nellore, in Feb., 1840. A few weeks afterwards, he was joined by 
Mr. and Mrs. Van Husen. The first Teloogoo convert was baptized in 
September, 1840. In 1843 three more were added to the church. 
Schools were also established in the city and in the surrounding country. 
But the failing health of Mr. Van Husen compelled him to relinquish 
his labors, and he arrived home in Oct. 1845. In December of the 
same year, Mr. Day also was obliged to retire, and reached the United 
States in June, 1846. The mission, left in charge of two Eurasian 
Christians, consisted of five schools, numbering on an average twenty- 
five scholars each, and a church of six or seven natives. 

Mr. Day and Mr. and Mrs. Jewett, sailed for Madras, Oct. 10, 1848, 



80 Thirty-Sixth Annual Beport. [May, 

and reached Nellore, April 16, 1849. The mission had been without 
American helpers a little more than three years. The first view of 
things was disheartening. Influences hostile to the prosperity of the 
mission had been in operation for so long a period, that a cloud hung 
over its prospects. The cloud, however, soon began to be lifted up. 
The Teloogoo country is now a field of encouraging promise. 

Church. — The native church was found to be scattered, but not lost. 
The converts, left without instruction, had swerved from the gospel. 
Discipline was required ; but there remained enough to form the nucleus 
of a fresh ingathering of disciples. 

Schools. — Over 250 children are now receiving daily Christian in- 
struction, as a part of their stated lessons. A Sabbath school is held 
at Nellore, at which 200 pupils from the day schools are present. 
Schools could be established in any number, the books furnished by the 
mission composing a part or the whole of the studies of the pupils. Re- 
quests come from different villages for their establishment. Recently 
three chief men and forty-four other individuals united in asking that a 
school might be estabhshed among them. The request was complied 
with, and more than forty are now in attendance. 

The schools are, one English school, one school for girls, and 
eight day schools for boys. In the English school a large number 
of the pupils have become familiar with the book of Genesis, the parables 
and some of the Messianic Psalms. The native schools, though in- 
gtructed by native teachers, are under the constant supervision of the 
missionaries. And the Christian books used, and the religious instruc- 
tion given in them day by day, render them an important engine in pro- 
moting the advancement of Christianity. 

Preaching. — Previous to June last the missionaries had been at three 
heathen festivals, one of which called together, as was supposed, 30,000 
or 40,000 persons. They preached to individuals and to groups, 
amounting in all to several thousands, and distributed many Christian 
books. Not a copy of a bound volume was torn, nor a disrespectful 
word uttered concerning the missionaries or their religion. On the Sab- 
bath, Mr. Day preaches in the chapel, and Mr. Jewett goes out into the 
highways calling upon the people to forsake their idols and turn to the 
true God. The latter preached his first regular Teloogoo sermon in the 
chapel Dec. 3. A few encouraging cases of inquirers exist, but none 
are known to have become truly converted. 

Brahminism is evidently on the decline. The priests are unable to 
support it. The early writings of their own sect furnish a refutation of 
some of its principal errors. A remarkable interest is also manifested 
by the Mohammedans. Some of their children are in Christian schools. 
On the last day of the great Mohammedan feast, Nov. 26, Messrs. Day 
and Jewett, went among the people, preached and talked from 11 A. M. 
to 6 P. M., and gave away 180 portions of Scripture and 250 tracts, 
of which perhaps one third were in Hindustani, the language of the Mo- 
hammedans throughout India. Many afterwards came to the mission 
house for books, and seemed intent on becoming acquainted with the 
Christian Scriptures. Mr. Jewett remarks : " This may be a new era in 



1850.] Mission to France. 81 

the history of this mission ; henceforth the followers of the false prophet 
may receive the truth from us." 



MISSION TO THE BASSAS. 

Bexley. — J. Vonbnmn, native preacher. Two other native assistants. 
Little Bassa. — L. Kong Crocker, native assistant. 
Harristown. — 1 native assistant. 

Mrs. M. B. Crocker and Mrs, L. G. Clarke, resident in this country, 
1 station ; 2 out-stations ; 2 female assistant missionaries ; 1 native preacher and 4 
native assistants. 

Mr. Vonbrunn preaches on the Sabbath, and prayer meetings are held 
twice every week. The schools at Bexley and Little Bassa are regu- 
larly maintained ; the former numbering twenty-three pupils under the 
care of Mr. Vonbrunn and two assistants, the latter numbering sixteen 
in charge of Mr. L. K. Crocker. There are one or two other native 
teachers in neighboring villages, originally in the employ of Mr. Clarke. 
A correspondent of another religious communion reports favorably of the 
proficiency of the pupils, and also of the native converts, " who are 
adorning their profession and promise future usefulness." The native 
assistants have conducted the affairs of the mission with faithfulness. 

The Committee have recently given particular attention to the state 
of this mission. It is now nearly two years since it was left entirely in 
charge of native assistants. To be conducted with efficiency other la- 
borers are needed. The Committee have spared no pains to procure two 
suitably qualified American missionaries. Hitherto they have been un- 
successful, but they are now in correspondence with one or two individ- 
uals from whom a favorable response is hoped. 

The thought of relinquishing what has been already accomplished 
here, is not to be entertained. More lives may perhaps be sacrificed in 
the enterprise. But he who falls early in the service of the divine Mas- 
ter will be the earlier crowned. The wrongs which Africa, above all 
other countries, has suffered at the hands of this nation demand of us an 
early and substantial restitution. The best restitution we can give is 
to use our most earnest endeavors to deliver the continent from the 
enthralment of sin, and to set her emancipated sons as jewels in the 
Saviour's diadem. 



MISSION TO FRANCE. 

Northern Department. 

DouAi (Nord). — Rev. E. Willard, Mrs. Willard. Rev. R. Flamant, native 
preacher ; F. Lemaire, E. Demoulin, H. Boileau, students and assistants, 

MoucHiN, near Orchies, Denain, Helesmes, &c, {Nord). — Rev. J. Thieffry, native 
preacner. 

Verberie and Meux, fOisej.— Rev, J. B. Cretin, nati-s^e preacher. 

Servais and La Fere, (Aisne).—Rev. J. Foulon, native preacher. 

Chauny, Genlis, &c.— iJey. V. Lepoids, native preacher; S. Besin, P. Ledouble, 
— Louvet, E. Doumin, colporteurs. 



82 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

Chert, Athies, &c. — Rev, J. B. Pruvots, native preacher ; L. Lefevre, colporteur. 
South Eastern Department. 
Lyons. — Rev. T. T. Devan and Mrs. Devan. 

St. Etienne. — Rev. C. Geyer, native preacher ; A. Berthond, colporteur. 
Feurs. — S. Milliaud, colporteur. 

10 stations ; 8 or more out-stations ;* 2 missionaries and 2 female assistants ; 17 
native preachers and assistants. 

It was stated in the last Annual Report that Dr. Devan, then at 
Paris, was about to visit some of the southern departments of France, 
agreeably to a plan concerted before his departure from this country, 
to form acquaintance with Baptist families dispersed at different points, 
and to establish with them, should Providence favor, a permanent con- 
nection. A colporteur, who had been sent before on a tour of exploration, 
had already made some favorable returns. The results of exploration 
have proved that in the portion of France alluded to, there is a great 
destitution of the gospel. The field is on this account one of interest 
and promise ; and with the means and laborers at the command of the 
mission, it presents stronger claims and a more encouraging prospect 
than is afforded by Paris and its vicinity. Hence, in view of the 
interests of the mission and the greatest efficiency of the laborers, the 
effort at Paris has been for the present suspended, and the field at the 
South, where an American missionary is needed to take charge of the 
native laborers, has taken its place. f In accordance with this arrange- 
ment, the French Mission has been divided into two departments, — the 
department of the North, under the charge of Mr. Willard, atDouai; 
and the department of the South East, under the charge of Dr. Devan, 
at Lyons. 

The labors of Dr. Devan at Paris continued thirteen months. The 
field is represented as one of great difficulty, but it was cultivated with 
untiring energy and activity. The place of meeting on the Sabbath 
was small and badly located, and the attendance not large. During 
the stay of Dr. D., he baptized five individuals in the city, three men 
and two women. A man was also baptized who came from the out- 
station at Suresne. Two others show evidence of having became truly 
religious, within the period, but for personal reasons were left unbaptized. 
The seed sown may yet bear glorious fruit, and the laborer return to 
fill his bosom with the sheaves. 

Northern Department. — In this part of the mission the native 
laborers are concentrating their operations in the departments of Aisne 
and Oise, and their efforts are attended with increasing success. The 

* Number of preaching places more than sixty. 

tRev. J. W. Parker, of the Executive Commitiee, v^ho visited the Erench and 
German missions the last year, wrote as follows : — " There was no promise of advance- 
ment at Paris without a great increase of expenditure, and the appointment of an 
able native preacher. We knew of no one who could be put into that field, who was 
not already more usefully employed than he could be in Paris. The recent increase 
of interest in the South, in the department of Montbrison, seemed to open a door for 
Dr. Devan. And after earnest prayer for direction, and consultation with the 
missionary brethren, it was thought best to suspend operations at Paris. All con- 
curred in this opinion, and accordingly Dr. Devan gave up the chapel and ceased 
preaching the last of August." 



1850.] Mission to France. 83 

first Association of French Baptists was formed at Verberie on the 6th 
of June. JSTearly all the laborers were present. The session continued 
several days, and the various interests of the mission were discussed 
with spirit and earnestness. The brethren evinced a deep interest in 
the progress of the work among their countrymen. The churches are 
agreed in their articles of faith, which are very simple and evangelical. 
In the month of August I. Foialon was ordained at Genlis. Immediately 
after his ordination he administered the ordinance of baptism to eight 
candidates. In October last a ministerial conference was organized 
under the happiest auspices, from which much benefit is anticipated 
both to the ministers and the churches. At Douai, department da Nord, 
the church holds its meetings at the house of Mr. Willard. Four young 
brethren are studying with him for the gospel ministry. They also 
assist in preaching on the Sabbath, besides going out to the villages in 
the vicinity where their labors are highly appreciated among the 
peasantry. 

In the department of Aisne, Mr. Lepoids has met with some oppo- 
sition. The clergy published two pamphlets, one of them expressly 
against him ; but these things have turned out rather unto the further- 
ance of the faith. Nine persons were baptized by him in December, 
and other candidates were waiting. Eighteen have been baptized in 
his field within the last year. 

In Mr. Foulon's district the prospect is very encouraging, especially 
at La Fere. At Servais in January last there were twenty-one can- 
didates for baptism. In May, fourteen were baptized in the presence 
of more than one thousand spectators. Mr. Lefevre has occupied a 
large field as an evangelist, and his. encouragement has been great. 
Mr. Pruvots has visited the region several times, and has aided in 
organizing a church at Chery and another at Athies. He has also 
ba}itized several persons, but from the last two brethren no regular 
report has been received. 

In the department of Oise, (Meux and Verberie,) Mr. Cretin has 
been left with a single youth to aid him, Mr. Lemaire having gone to 
Douai to study. Some parts of this field are very promising and a 
reinforcement is much needed. There is a remarkable religious in- 
terest at Bene, Guiscard, the fruit of the labors of col])orteurs. The 
opposition of the clergy, who are again in the ascendant, has been 
aroused ; but the people hunger for the bread of life, and no perse- 
cution will prevent their seeking it. Sinceny also, near Chauny, is a 
place of great promise; Denain likewise, where Mr. Thieffry baptized 
five in June last, Mr. Willard writes : " The Spirit of God is abroad 
in this land, turning the hearts of these perishing multitudes to the 
Saviour of sinners. Our brethern are so entirely occupied that they 
seldom send me any details. They come home from their courses at 
midnight, and in the morning they sometimes scribble a line to say 
that all goes well, — and start again on a new course. The encourage- 
ment is very great here now ; I wish Ave had a few more men of the 
right stamp. But I am persuaded the Lord will find them for us when 
he judges it best." 

7 



Place 


5 to be visited. 


Members. 


Baptized. 


Candidates. 


i, 


. 12 


.... 35 


2 ... 




;, 


. 16 


.... 80 


20 ... 


37 




. 13 


.... 33 


16 ... 


26 




. 10 


.... 37 


13 ... 


7 


L 


. 5 


.... 18 


6 








.... 8 


1 ... 


2 



84 TJdrty-Sixth Annual Re'port. [May, 

The number of French brethren employed in this department is 
fourteen ; six ordained ministers and eight evangelists, including stu- 
dents and a professor of French, who is also a student. The follow- 
ing is a view of the operations of the last year : 



V. Lepoid's do., Aisne, 

I. Foulon's do., do., 

L. Lefevre's do., do., 

J. Thieffiry's do., Nord; 
Douai, " 

56 211 58 72 

" Seventy-two candidates for the ordinance," says Mr. Willard, " is no 
great thing compared with what others have been permitted to gather 
in. Br. Oncken cultivates a favored portion of the missionary patri- 
mony ; many others also are much before us, and I am glad. May 
God grant to every one of our dear brethren an hundred fold more 
abundantly than hitherto. He will in due time bless this land also. 
Be not discouraged. The salvation of fifty souls is no small thing in 
itself, and then, you are doing and must for a long time yet do a 
preparatory work in France. There is no way, apparently, to force 
things here more than elsewhere. Brethren, this is a strangely 
difficult work ; but it is now begun and it is not the will of our 
Heavenly Father that it should ever be arrested. Pray more earnestly, 
give a httle more liberally, do what you can for this enterprise. Yet 
a few years, and I trust that none of you will blush to speak of your 
mission in France." 

Mr. Parker also writes as follows : " The scenes which I witnessed gave 
me a deep impression of the importance of the French Mission. The 
men who are laboring there have a strong hold upon the minds of a 
great multitude of people. The peasantry have confidence in them ; and 
just so soon as they gain knowledge enough to see that there is a way 
of salvation out of the papal church, and know what the way is, multi- 
tudes will embrace the Saviour. The field is white and waiting for the 
reaper's hand. The Lord is there, preparing the hearts of the people 
to hear and believe the truth. 

" The stream of evangelical influence that has flowed on, almost un- 
noticed and so quiet, is deep and broad. The last two years are 
showing the fruits of previous labor. There is much more done in the 
departments of Aisne and Oise, by the agency which we employ and 
sustain, than is accomplished in any other department of France by any 
other society whose reports have awakened so much surprise and 
interest in this country." 

The cholera has made fearful ravages in France during the year, 
but not an individual connected with the mission, and but few members 
of the churches, were taken away by it. 



K i 3 v^ 



V*^ CBaisiea" V_^ < 




86 Thirty-Sixth Annual He'port, [May, 

South Eastern Department. — In pursuance of the plan to establish 
a centre of missionary operations in the south of France, Dr. Devan 
undertook a tour of exploration, from which he returned in June last to 
Paris. The cities and larger places which he visited, were St. Etienne, 
Eeurs, Montbrison, Lyons, Vienne, Valence, Montelimart, Ardeche, 
Avignon, Marseilles, Montpellier and Nismes. The region is mostly 
one of great spiritual destitution. Few persons of experimental piety 
are found in it, and previous to the visit of the colporteur sent out 
previously by Dr. Devan, none were known maintaining like views with 
us. But by Him Avho comprehends the necessities of his own cause, 
a co-laborer was raised up in the first of these cities, an earnest, 
we hope, as well as an element, of future good. At St. Etienne 
in this district, is a congregation of some 1,000 or 1,200 Germans, 
to whom Mr. Geyer was accustomed to preach once everj^ Lord's 
day. Mr. Geyer is a German by birth, but speaks French fluently. 
He is ardent, pious and eloquent, an acceptable preacher, and 
much beloved by the people. He was ordained nearly two years 
since at Lyons, and was a laborer of the Evangelical Society of 
Geneva. Through the colporteur above alluded to. Dr. Devan had 
been brought into correspondence with this minister during the winter ; 
and ihe termination of the correspondence was a request on his y)art for 
baptism. He had already signified his entire assent to the doctrines 
of the American Baptist churches. On the arrival of Dr. D. at St. 
Etienne, at his request Mr. Geyer invited all who harmonized with him 
in their sentiments on baptism, to meet him. There were five others, 
all men. They had unanimously adopted the above confession of faith 
and desired baptism. Accordingly, on the morning of April 17, 1849, 
Dr. Devan buried in baptism Mr. Charles Geyer, and then led to him 
in succession the five others, whom he baptized. On the evening of 
the following day they were organized into a church, and elected Mr. 
Geyer their pastor. 

Mr. Geyer was immediately employed by Dr. D. as a native laborer. 
His field is St. Etienne; to visit Feurs, once a week, and, if possible, 
Montbrison. He will be aided by Alexandre Berthond, one of the 
baptized, a colporteur-evangelist, a man capable of conducting a re- 
ligious meeting with acceptance. At Feurs, Salomon Milliaud, another 
of the baptized, equally or more capable than the former, will reside 
and colport in the vicinity as he may be able. He is a converted 
Jew, thirty-three years of age. In May last four others were baptized 
at St. Etienne, and two at Feurs. 

In the other cities named in the itinerary. Dr. D. reports only the 
spiritual destitution of the people. 

In October last one of the colporteurs reported a promising state of 
things in his field of labor. Several individuals and some families seem 
to be opening their eyes to the truth, and anxiously desire the Scrip- 
tures and religious instruction. 

In a letter dated March 2, Dr. D. expresses feelings of en- 
couragement in regard to his field of labor. In a quarter of the city 
of St. Etienne inhabited by the poorer class of workmen, a meeting has 



1850.] Mission to Crermany. 87 

been commenced by the mission at the request of the people themselves. 
This meeting has been attended bj sixty or seventy persons, two thirds 
of them men. Desirous of better accommodation they proposed a sub- 
scription among themselves, on the principle of a weekly contribution, 
which was soon made up to sixty-eight francs a year ; their rent is 
only sixty francs. The people at St. Etienne are in like manner dis- 
posed to aid themselves, and will probably nearly pay the rent of their 
hall for worship. The principle of selfsupport is earnestly urged upon 
all. The church now consists of seventeen members The congrega- 
tion is increasing. One of the laborers says : "I see amidst all the 
darkness that surrounds us, that the Lord has a great people at St. 
Etienne. Let us press into the ranks, pray the Lord for his blessing, 
and labor in his name." 

Dr. Devan having been appointed to take charge of the missionary 
operations so happily commenced in south eastern France, will re- 
move to Lyons, and from this point pursue his labors as the provi- 
dence of God may direct. 



MISSION TO GERMANY. 

Hamburg. — Rev. Messrs. J. G. Oncken, /. Kohner, C. Schaufflek, Jr. 
Bremen. — Rev. J. L. Hinrichs. 

Oldenburg, (Duchy of Oldenburg). Weichart, Oncken. 

Jever, Halsbeck, &c, — Rev. A. F. Remmers. 

Seefeldt, (Duchy of Oldenburg.) Schiebeck, 

Hanover. Menger. 

EiMBECK, (Hanover.) — Rev. C. Steinhoff. 
Oxhfreesen, (Hanover.) — Rev. J. II. Sander. 

Marburg, Cassel, &c. (Hesse.) Grummell. 

Berlin, (Prussia.) — Rev. G. W. Lehmann, Metzkau, Weise, kc. 

Bitxerfeldt, (Prussia.) — Rev. F. C. Werner. 
Memel, (Prussia.) 

Elbing, (Prussia.) Wiebe. 

Templin, (Prussia.) Kemnitz. 

Zakerick, Prussia.) Koppen. 

Breslau, (Prussia.) Straube. 

LiEGXiTZ, (Prussia.) ■ Kliaker. 

Stettin, (Prussia.) Rev. T. A. Gultzau. 

Allenstein, (Prussia.) Vrmnitz. 

Voigtsdorf, (Prussia.) — Rev. J. Straube. 
Anclam and Lassan. 

Rummelsburg, (Prussia.) Tilgner. ' 

Stolzenburg, (Prussia.) Weist. 

ToRNOw, (Prussia.) Abendroth. 

Baireuth, (Bavaria.) Knauer. 

Heissfeld. Burbeck. 

Stuttgard, (Wurtemburg.) '— Koner. 

Vienna, (Austria.) 

Aalborg, (Denmark.) F'oltved. 

Amsterdam, (Holland.) Leifde. 

Gasselten, — Rev. J. E. Feisser, Nieworn. 



88 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

34 stations ; * 3 missionaries and 28 other native preachers and assistants ; besides 
several colporteurs, &c. 

The net addition to the number of native preachers and colporteurs is thirteen. 

The tidings received from this mission since our last annual report, 
have been of the most cheering character. The political revolution in 
Prussia had a most important influence on the cause of religion. Its 
first effect was to secure the perfect equality of all religious sects. Not 
knowing how long this freedom would last, our brethren made the best 
use of the golden opportunity. Mr. Oncken wrote in May, 1849 : " We 
have raised the standard of the cross in every direction, and in the midst 
of the enemies of the Lord and his anointed. In the capital of Austria, 
in Hungary, among the Catholics of the Silesian mountains, and in num- 
berless places of Germany, the glad tidings of salvation have reached 
the ears of hundreds of thousands who never before had the truth pre- 
sented to their minds in its simplicity and beauty. Fifty brethren have 
been engaged in this holy crus'ade against sin and Satan. 800,000 
tracts and 20,000 copies of the Holy Scriptures have been put in circu- 
lation within the last sixteen months. Wherever we have gone the Lord 
has gone with us, and the word has been confirmed with signs and won- 
ders following." And again, under date of Dec. 14 : " About forty 
missionaries and colporteurs, nearly half a million of tracts and other 
publications, and 22,000 copies of the Holy Scriptures, have during the 
year now drawing to a close disclosed the untold tale of Christ's love to 
sinners, among the miUions in Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Hungary, 
Austria, Holland and -Switzerland." 

The church at Hamburg numbered at the close of the year 456 mem- 
bers ; 112 converts were added to it during the year, and others at its 
close were waiting for baptism. Many from this church go out as occa- 
sional colporteurs. From twenty to thirty often spend the Sabbath in 
neighboring cities and villages, where they gather Sabbath schools, con- 
duct religious services, and engage in personal coversation with individ- 
uals. Ten preaching places are thus supplied. By these labors many 
have become Christians, who have united with the Hamburg church. 
Mr. Schaufiler has been appointed one of its three pastors, to reheve 
Mr. Oncken, whose multiphed laborsf are wearing upon his health and 
endangering his life. 

* Connected with these are sixty or more places for stated preaching. 

f The nature and multiplicity of Mr. Oncken's labors are partly indicated in his 
letter of February last. " Three months of my time during the last summer were 
fully occupied in visiting our stations in Bremen, in the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, 
in East Friesland, Mecklenburg, Holstein, Schleswig, Prussia, Hanover, Hesse, at 
Frankfort on the Maine, &c. My principal objects in these tours were to set all things 
in order in the churches, where this was required, — to form new churches, to see that 
suitable pastors and deacons were chosen by the churches, to form Sabbath schools, 
and to stir the churches up to greater and more united efforts for the spread of the 
gospel. These objects have to a good extent been realized, and the most happy 
results have been already witnessed in the s^iread of the truth and in the conversion 
of many sinners to God. I had also many opportunities of preaching the gospel to 
large assemblies, especially in large towns, where I hired generally a large saloon, 
of which public notice was given in the newspapers. At Marburg, a niimber of the 
students of the Hessian University in that place attended our services. And at Bre- 
men, Varel, (my native place,) and Cassel, a large number of state-church behevers, 
and others who never heard the gospel before, were present." 



1850.] 



Mission to G-ermany. 



89 



In the Duchy of Oldenburg, twenty-seven converts have been bap- 
tized at Halsbeck and a church constituted, who have commenced build- 
ing a chapel, — the first in this part of the country. More than seventy 
have been baptized in this region during the year. Thirteen were bap- 
tized by Mr. Oncken in Hesse, at Cassel, Spangenburg, and Witzenhau- 
sen. " The Lord," Mr. Oncken writes, Feb. 13, " has done great things 
in Hesse. Ten years ago I baptized by night the first five converts at 
Marburg, and now there are about two hundred behevers joined in 
Christian fellowship in different parts of the country." 

The church at Berlin received sixteen new members during the quar- 
ter ending with July last. Some have been excluded. Net increase 
during the year, thirteen. The out-stations are in a more flourishing 
condition. In Seegefeld, Spandau, Dalgow, Cremmen and Gesund- 
brunnen, regular services are reestablished, and brethren sent every 
Sabbath from BerUn to conduct them. Other brethren are sent to 
places still more remote. In Mariendorf five have been recently bap- 
tized, and at Templin six. Others have applied for baptism. The net 
increase of all the churches in Prussia to Dec, 31, was 179 ; and the 
number of members of the fifteen churches, with fifty-four places for 
stated preaching, 1,016. The church at Stolzenberg, in East Prussia, 
has been specially blessed. It was formed the last year, and at the 
close of it numbered seventy members. Several other new places have 
been occupied within the year. 

Some of the churches have suffered painful bereavements, especially 
those at Stettin and Berlin. Mr. Lange died at Hamburg, deeply 
lamented, the 19th November. He was the first person baptized by 
Mr. Oncken, and the earliest convert at Hamburg. 



Churches. 



TABLE OF CHURCHES AND BAPTISMS IN PRUSSIA. 

Founded. 



Berlin, 1837 

Bitterfeld, 18i0 

Memel, 1843 

Elbino-, 1844 

Templin, 1845 

Zackerick, 1845 

Breslaii, 1846 

Liegnitz.t 1848 

Stettin, 1846 

AUenstein, 1847 

Voigtsdorf, 1848 

Anclam and Lassan, 1848 

Rumraelsburg, 1841 

Stolzenburg, 1849 

Tornow, 1849 





45 ... 




69 ... 




30* ... 




54 ... 




21 ... 




. 10* ... 




11 ... 




155 ... 




5 ... 




19* ... 




28 ... 




203* ... 




70 ... 




39 ... 



Pupils in 
S. Sch. 



. 114 



30 



Totals, Clilos. 14. 



258 



353 



The whole number of baptisms in the German Mission reported the 
past year, was 453. Present number (estimated) 2,800. 

Contributions. — A beginnmg has been made in leading the churches 



* Report of last year. 

t Still a branch, of Breslau chiirch. 



90 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

to benevolent contributions, and from a few of them* some favorable re- 
ports have been received in this respect. Most of the churches, how- 
ever, are engaged at present in building chapels for themselves ; and 
they are obliged to pay taxes to the State-church, besides sustaining 
their own worship and other expenses. They contribute for the support 
of their poor members. They also perform much gratuitous labor for 
the cause of religion, and give freejy toward the support of colporteurs 
or other spiritual laborers in destitute places around them. Mr. Weist, 
of Stolzenburg, in East Prussia, Avas sent thither at the charge of the 
church in Berhn. The associated churches in the north-west have de- 
cided to support two missionaries, one of whom is already at his work. 

Associations. — We have before had occasion to speak of the Rev. Mr. 
Parker's visit to Europe last year. The principal stations visited in 
Germany, were Hambui-g, Berlin and Stettin. At this latter place the 
Prussian Baptist Association! held its first session. The meeting was 
one of deepest interest. Most of the missionaries in this part of the field 
were present. Many subjects relating to church order and Christian 
obligation were discussed. The discussions were conducted in a truly 
Christian spirit. The brethren sat with their Bibles open before them, 
to which they constantly referred. They seemed desirous of making 
the Scriptures their sole guide in all their decisions. They often in- 
quired concerning the practice of the American churches, and sought 
the opinion of their American brother. The conclusions at which they 
arrived were all in accordance with correct Christian principles. The 
influence of the meeting was most happy, producing harmony of views 
among all the brethren. 

The fruits of religion appear among our brethren of Germany in ways 
characteristic and marked, yet honorable to their profession and edify- 
ing. Their brotherly love is truly refreshing. A Moravian, on being 
received to their fellowship, said, he had never seen or experienced so 
much fraternal affection as in a few weeks after his connection with 
them. A physician at Hamburg, of infidel opinions, remarked to Mr. 
Oncken : " I know nothing about your gospel ; but I have to go about 
among a great many poor people, and there are none in Hamburg like 
those connected with the Baptist church. They appear so neat and 
cheerful, they are so respectful and intelligent, their families are so well 
regulated,^ and children so much more obedient than others, that I know 
when I enter a house whose inmates belong to the Baptist congregation." 
A few days after this commendation, he published an article in a paper 
■which he edited, advocating the fullest toleration for this sect of Chris- 
tians, on account of their beneficial influence on the social condition of the 
people. 

* Berlin, Bitterfeld, Memol, Elbing, Zackerick and Stettin. 
t See our last annual Keport. 



1850.] Mission to Q-reeee. 91 



MISSION TO GREECE. 

Corfu. — Rev. A. N. Arnold and Mrs. Arnold; Mrs. H. E. Dicksok. 

PiR.EU3. — Rev. R. F. BuEL and Mrs. Buel. 

2 stations : 2 missionaries, and 3 female assistants. 

Corfu. — Two promising young men were baptized at Corfu by Mr. 
Arnold July 4. One of them had been a candidate for baptism three 
years. He is now studying with Mr. Arnold, preparatory to evangelical 
labor among his countrymen. The church consists of five members, besides 
those composing the mission family. Of these, two reside in Corfu and 
three in Zaute. Two are lonians, one is English, one Anglo Ionian, 
and one a past assistant missionary of the Union. The public service 
in English is continued without material change. At the Greek 
preaching on the Sabbath the attendance is small. 

The missionary concert has been regularly observed ; ordinary attend- 
ance fifteen, about the same as at the weekly lecture. Most of the at- 
tendants are soldiers. The monthly collections have averaged about 
$0.50. Other contributions are made for the missionary cause. The 
amount for sixteen months, ending Jan. 1, 1850, was $155.11. 

PiR.^us. — Mr. Buel continues to preach on the Sabbath, as usual. 
The audience numbers about fourteen. Among them are teachers, edi- 
tors of newspapers, lawyers, university students, and others of the most 
respectable class. One Sabbath the demarch and a Greek priest, chap- 
lain in the navy, were present. The former, a few days afterwards, 
expressed his unqualified approval of what he had heard. Mr. B. has 
preached a series of sermons on our Lord's temptation, which were 
listened to with marked attention. Some of the hearers have suggested 
to him to print them for distribution, and have offered to become sub- 
scribers. 

Mi-s. Buel has continued her week-day and Sabbath classes, and vis- 
ited the afflicted and sick, as occasion permitted. Her readhig of the 
word of God, and the spiritual instruction which she gives at these in- 
terviews, have an important influence, and may be the means of leading 
some to be wise unto salvation. 

The state' of things at Zante and at Patras is represented as favorable. 
A Sabbath Bible class is kept up at the latter, by a late assistant of the 
mission, and the Scriptures are distributed. An application for bap- 
tism has been made from both places. 

At the last annual meeting of the Board of Managers an inquiry 
was suggested as to the expediency of withdrawing the Greek Mis- 
sion, if its then " discouraging aspects should continue.'' Against 
such an abandonment of the field there are various considerations. Civil 
and religious liberty is there making progress. There is now no open 
opposition to evangelical preaching in Greece. The missionaries have 
won the confidence of the people, the language is familiar to them, a 
foothold has been gained, and more than all, God has set his seal of ap- 
proval to the enterprise by cases of hopeful conversion. The Committee 
have deemed that so much, already achieved, ought not to be relin- 



92 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. • [May, 

quished. And reljing on Him who watches over the seed time, and 
■who brings forward the harvest in its season, they have adjusted 
arrangements with a view to the continuance of the mission, and, by a 
small increase of appropriation, to its increased efficiency. A native 
assistant, as suggested by Mr. Arnold, is now supported by the Union, 
a candidate for the work of the ministry. " I am debtor," said the 
apostle, " both to the Jew and to the Greek." 

The following remarks on this subject, by Mr. Arnold, are worthy of 
serious consideration. 

" We must sorrowfully confess that missionary labor in this field has not heretofore 
brought forth fruit answerable to the expectations, much less to the desires, of those 
who have cooperated in the work. This is a lamentation, and shall be for a lamen- 
tation. It is a trial of our faith ; — but we protest against its being regarded as a 
command to withdraw, or a permission to despair. Were we to grant that the appa- 
rent want of promise of this field, viewed in connection with the brighter prospects 
that elsewhere open before us, and the limited means which it has pleased God to 
put into the hands of the Union, might be a sufiicient reason for not undertaking, at 
this moment, a new mission to the Ionian Islands, there would yet remain ample 
ground on which we might earnestly contend for the continuance of the mission 
ah-eady established. The question of begiiining has been decided. Providential cir- 
cumstances led to the occupation of this field. Is there a clear voice of Divine Prov- 
idence bidding us abandon the work we haA^e begun ? Our missionaries there do not 
hear it. Has God withdrawn the hopes and the hearts of his people from this part 
of the great field ? Such a withdrawal may have taken place in many minds, and 
yet not be of God. But it has not taken place in all. And we will persist in be- 
lieving that it has not taken place in most, that it has not taken j^lace so extensively 
as to make the recall of our missionaries an inevitable measure, till the unanswerable 
evidence of facts compels us to the opposite conclusion. We will not believe that 
the resolution to withdraw from any field of begun missionary labor, on account of 
confessed want of success, will be u'revocably adopted, until such thoughts as these 
have been solemnly pondered : whether such a withdrawal can be made without 
danger of reflecting dishonor on Christ and his truth ; whether the principles on 
which it is made, if applied from the beginning, would not have led to the successive 
abandonment of many fields which God has afterwards signally fertilized with the 
copious dew of his blessing ; whether the precedent of such an abandonment wotild 
not tend to prodiice such disastrous results as these, — on the part of missionary la- 
borers abroad, either, on the one hand, a feeling of uncertainty, unfavorable to exten- 
sive plans of usefulness, untiring perseverance in prosecuting them, and unreserved 
devotion to their work ; or, on the other, a feverish anxiety for speedy results, un- 
favorable not only to theii- own comfort and health, but much more to deliberateness 
of judgment, discretion of procedure, and the purity and permanency of these re- 
sults ; — and, on the part of missionary contributors at home, either, on the one hand, 
the disaff'ection of a few and the discouragement of many ; or, on the other, fickle- 
ness and impatience ; the fruit of that sin of unbelief wliich so easily besets us all ; — 
whether, in fine, such a precedent would not be too likely to end in the diminution 
of funds at home and of fruits abroad, of faith in God on our part and favor towards 
us on his ; — till these things, we say, have been duly considered, we trust such a 
measure will not be taken ; and when these things have been duly considered, we are 
persuaded that neither the Greek Mission, nor any other, will be disbanded without 
some sounder and safer reason than the want of success. 

Before the last anmversary of the Union, at which the existence of this mission 
trembled for a while in so doubtful a scale, our missionaries were rejoicing in the 
baptism of one interesting convert. Before the report of that meeting reached them 
two more had been baptized. All the three are young men. One is an experienced 
and devoted teacher. Another has likewise had experience as a teacher, but his 
desh-e now is to teach and to preach Jesus Christ to his countrjonen, — a work for 
which the proAddence and grace of God seem to have prepared liim. Had the deci- 
sion to recall our missionaries from this field jjassed at the Pliiladelphia meetings, it 
would haye been to them a message to leaA^e these beloved brethren, as sheep having 
no shepherd ; and could they have been siwe that it was a message from God ? It 
may be that they would have ventured to doubt, and to inquire whether deliverance 



1850.] Ottaivas in Michigan. 93 

might not possibly arise from some other quarter. But thanks be to God, they were 
not called to that trial. And this renewed deliverance cannot but strengthen their 
hope of the permanence of the mission. For if, Avhen it seemed to be altogether 
unfruitful, the counsel to cut it down Avas rejected, and the resolution was adopted 
to ' let it alone this year also,' much more may it be hoped that when it has borne 
a Utth' fruit it may be spared, and purged that it may bear more and more, until at 
last it shall be confessed, to the glory of God, that it has borne tnuch fi'uit." 



MISSION TO THE OJIBWAS. 

Satjlt de Ste. Marie. — Rev. A. and Mrs. BiNGHAk. 

TiKUAMiNA. — Rev. J. D. Cameron ; Shegud, native assistant. 

Michipicoton. 

2 stations and 1 out-station ; 2 missionaries, 1 female assistant, 1 native assistant. 

Kev. A. J. Bingham, who was reported last year as an assistant in 
the mission, has closed his connection with it, the amount of labor re- 
quired not justifying the employment of such an additional helper. 

The day school has continued in a prosperous state. The attendance 
during the last quarter was fifty-three. The boarding department has 
also been retained, the plan of its removal to Tikuamina having neces- 
sarily been relinquished. The Sabbath school and Bible class have 
both been kept up, but with a diminished attendance. A portion of the 
pupils have withdrawn to similar institutions, established in the neigh- 
borhood by persons not connected with the mission. 

Mr.' Bingham has preached to the Indians as usual, through an inter- 
preter, and made some trips to other settlements. Mr. Cameron has 
labored at Tikuamina and White Fish Point. The church numbers 
thirty, besides those at Fort William and Michipicoton, from whom 
nothing has been heard the last year. Two members have died ; one 
of them a woman of eighty years of age, the first Ojibwa convert. 
Her faith in the Redeemer was unshaken, and her pathway brightened 
as she drew near to her journey's end. The condition of the members 
generally, as to spirituality, is more favorable than at the last report. 

The Tikuamina brethren forAvarded a donation to Mr. Bingham last 
winter, valued at $4.51, and the missionary then in charge at the same 
place, a gold watch chain, valued at $20. 



OTTAWAS IN MICHIGAN. 
Richland. — Rev. L. and Mrs. Slater. 

The Ottawa tribe on the peninsula of Michigan numbers about 4,000 
souls. They are scattered in various settlements ; and at several posts 
are missionaries of difierent Christian denominations. About two thirds 
of the number are heathen, and one third nominal Christians. The 
number residing at Richland, under charge of Mr. Slater, is 104. 
They have 350 acres of land and a meeting-house. Mr. S. has 
sustained a school among them the last winter, and the children, in 
connection with white youths, have made good progress. Two of the 



94 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [May, 

scholars are acting as interpreters and teachers in neighhoring mission- 
ary stations. They have also a school in the sunnmer, instructed by a 
female teacher. There is a church of eighteen members, and some 
candidates for baptism. The attendance on public worship is good. 
On the repeated solicitation of the white population Mr. Slater preaches 
to them in English every Sabbath afternoon, and to the Indians, in the 
native tongue, without an interpreter, morning and evening. There is 
also a Sabbath School. One native female has died during the year, 
in the faith of the gospel, and cheered by the hope of a glorious immor- 
tality. 

The Indians spend their time chiefly in hunting and fishing. During 
the summer most of them raise each from five to ten or twenty bushels of 
corn. They are rapidly wasting away, and have no encouragement, in 
their present position, for self cultivation. There is said to be not a single 
prosperous mission, of any denomination, among them, on the peninsula. 
The whites exert upon them an injurious influence, but oppose their re- 
moval to the Indian Territory, chiefly on account of the small trade with 
them in peltry and fish, and especially the annuity which is paid them, 
amounting to $10 each for every man, woman, and child. The opinion 
of Mr. Slater is, that it would be for the advantage of the Indians to be 
removed to the Indian territory. The last autumn he called a general 
council and represented to them the advantages of the measure. The 
elective chief, and most of those present, consented to go. They lack 
energy, however, and are still in an unsettled state. 



TUSCARORAS IN NEW YORK. 
ToNA WANDA. — Rev. A. and Mrs. Warren. 

The appropriation of the United States government for the Tusca- 
roras was received on condition that educational operations, to a certain 
specified amount, should be sustained among them. This appropriation 
has been expended for some time through the agency of the NeAV York 
State Convention. In the present unsettled state of the Indians, their 
minds being full of excitement in regard to the question of removal, the 
amount of school instruction required could not be given. Mr. Warren, 
by advice, gave to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs a full statement 
of the labors of the mission, and of the causes of a suspension of the 
full amount of accustomed teaching. The decision of the Commissioner 
was, that under these circumstances the government funds could not be 
drawn. Hence the government appropriation of the year was refunded 
in February last. 

The station having come under the care of the Board of the New 
York State Convention, its interests will hereafter be consulted by that 
body. 



1850.] Shawanoe Ifission. 95 



SHAWANOE MISSION. 

Shawanoe. — Rev. F. and Mrs. Barker ; 1 native assistant. 

Delaware. — Rev. J. G. and Mrs. Pratt; Miss E. S. Morse. Charles JohnnycaJce, 
native assistant. 

Ottawa. — Rev. J. and Mrs. Meeker ; Mr. J. T. and Mrs. Jones. Shawbundy, native 
preacher. 

3 stations ; 3 missionaries and 5 female assistants ; 3 native assistants. 

The stations have been visited during the year hy cholera ; but none 
of the members of the mission families have been swept awaj. 

Shawanoe. — The boarding school at ShaAvanoe remains nearl_y the 
same as last year. The scholars have made commendable advancement, 
and in the moral training the mission has received a good degree of 
help from their parents. In this respect there is a striking contrast 
between the present and the past. Religious services have been regu- 
larly sustained, and translations of portions of the Scriptures have been 
circulated. There is a gradual giving way of paganism. Some have 
come over to the Christian faith, and the views of others are materially 
modified. The native brethren manifest a becoming zeal, and corres- 
pondingly labor to give the gospel to their countrymen. The members 
of the church have contributed, for various missionary objects, $21 87. 
Five have been added to the church. Six have been excluded, and two 
have died. The present number is thirty-four. 

Delaware. — During the past year the Sabbath congregation, though 
not large, has been respectable. The school occupies a promising field 
of usefulness. Miss Morse continues her labors unremittingly in this 
department, and the children are advancing in their studies and deport- 
ment. The mission is constantly urged to enlarge its school operations. 
Not only the members of the church, but heathen Indians also, wish 
to place their children under Christian teachers. Three have been bap- 
tized. Two of the church have died. The present number is twenty- 
six. 

The Delaware people are much scattered ; some are so remote from 
the place of meeting as to be unable to attend if they had the dispo- 
sition. On this account it is common to hold special meetings twice a 
year, continuing two or three days, to which all are invited. A sub- 
scription is made to furnish the requisite provisions for all who come 
near the place of meeting, in the hope that they may be spiritually 
benefitted. The last year the native brethren furnished for this pur- 
pose and other items $60. 

At a meeting of this kind held last autumn, the attendance numbered 
between three and four hundred persons, including the principal chief 
and several of the leading men of the nation, who came the fii-st day 
and remained until the last. Many were affected to tears ; the impres- 
sion left was good, promising still more for the future. 

Ottawa. — The labors of this station have been pursued with dili- 
gence as in former years. There is no school, but regular preaching is 
maintained on the Sabbath, and rehgious meetings are held weekly at 



96 Thirty-Sixth Annual Report. [M^^'J* 

different places. There is also English preaching, occasionally, at the 
Sac and Fox agency, fifteen miles distant. The church numbers fifty- 
nine. Two have been baptized and two have died. The church has 
contributed $100 for the support of a native assistant, and $75 for 
other home objects of benevolence. The press and types having been 
brought from Delaware, Mr. Meeker expects soon to complete the 
second edition of the Ottawa First Book, Ottawa Hymn Book, &c. 

The Indians at Ottawa are becoming every year more civilized, and 
are endeavoring to imitate the whites in every respect. There is a 
spirit of worldliness in the church, but the members are strictly moral, 
and conscientiously refrain from violating the Sabbath. They attend 
religious meetings and keep up family prayer. Nearly every man and 
woman in the nation lay aside their employment on the Sabbath, and 
are temperate, industrious and moral. 



MISSION TO THE CHEROKEES. 

Cherokee. — Rev. Messrs. E. Jones and W. P. TJpham ; Mr. H. Upham, printer ; 
and their wives. 

Delaware Town. — Johii Wickliffe, Oga7ia\/a, native preachers. 

DsiYOHEE. — Dsulaskee, native preacher. 

Taquohee. — Tanenole, native preacher. 

Flint. — Lewis Doioninrj and D. M. Foreman, native preachers. 

5 stations, 7 out-stations ; 3 missionaries, 1 a teacher, 1 a printer, 3 female assist- 
ants ; 6 native preachers. 

This mission has enjoyed great spiritual prosperity. Religious ser- 
vices of. several days' continuance have been held at several of the sta- 
tions and out-stations, all of which have been attended by the divine 
blessing. Two native preachers have been ordained, David M. Fore- 
man and Dsulaskee. The presbytery forming the ordaining council, in 
the case of the latter, was composed of Mr. Jones and the five native 
preachers then belonging to the nation. From Feb. 21 to Sept, 2, 1849, 
the number of persons baptized was eighty-six ; thirty males and fifty-six 
females ; four were blacks and two Creeks, the rest Cherokees. 

In September rehgious services were held for four successive days at 
Delaware Town; on Saturday and Sabbath it was estimated that 1,200 
or 1,800 persons were present. More than 100 asked for an interest in 
the prayers of Christians. Six Cherokee men and six women were bap- 
tized. The next week a similar series of religious meetings occurred at 
Verdigris ; here eleven persons were baptized, ten Cherokees and one 
black, and about twenty-seven desired prayers : some of the latter had 
been among the boldest in wickedness. In October the religious as- 
semblage was at Dsiyohee, that station and Taquohee joining in the ser- 
vice. The meeting-house has had twenty-four feet added to its length, 
making it about seventy-two by twenty-four feet. The word was 
preached with much feeling and power ; the meeting-house was crowded, 
and hundreds gathered around the outside. Here Dsulaskee received 
ordination. Nine were baptized, three Cherokee men, five women, and 
one black woman. In this service the newly-ordained brother performed 



1850.] Mission to the CheroJcees. 97 

a part. The same evening about eighty came to ask for prayers. 
Thus we report this year 118 persons baptized. 

An intense and continued interest has been manifested in various 
parts of the country, extending over 100 miles from north to south, and 
from 50 to 100 from east to west. The number of members in the 
Cherokee churches is estimated at 1,200, exact returns not having been 
sent. Year after year God has poured upon them his reviving influ- 
ences. 

Printing. — During the year the mission have issued a tract on Tem- 
perance, 12 pages, 12mo., 2,000 copies, and the Epistles to the 
Hebrews and Romans in Cherokee, 72 pp., 24mo., 5,000 copies. First 
Corinthians is in type and nearly ready , for the press ; also a tract 
of eight pages in Cherokee. 

School. — The school at Bushyheadville numbers sixty-five, of whom 
twelve are boarding scholars. The pupils make good proficiency. Two 
of the past pupils have received certificates as teachers of public schools 
taught in the nation. 

Contributions. — The amount contributed for the spread of the gospel 
may seem small when considered with reference to the popular accounts 
of Cherokee civilization. But these regard only a small minority of 
wealthy persons, who by no means represent the character and circum- 
stances of that class from whom the most of the church members are 
drawn. 

The amount of money collected by the native Missionary Society the 
past year was $49.60 ; out of which |30 were applied to pay a balance 
due from the Society on account of a payment of $100 in 1846 to con- 
stitute John Ross, Esq., principal chief of the nation, a life member of 
the Missionary Union, leaving a balance of $14.60 on hand. Ten or 
twelve dollars have also been raised on account of the present year. 
At a late meeting the preachers and others entered very cordially into 
the spirit of the missionary enterprise, and determined to urge the sub- 
ject on the attention of the people. 

In addition to the direct contribution of money, much is done in 
erecting houses of worship, and in making provision for the expenses of 
the large occasional meetings. The amount of these expenditures, 
though not capable of being stated in detail, is considerable, and in- 
volves much exertion and self-sacrifice, from which the brethren show 
no disposition to shrink. 

The Committee have endeavored to ascertain all the facts pertaining 
to the subject of slavery in this mission. They have learned that no 
missionary of the Union, nor any native assistant, is a holder of slaves. 
The sentiments and influences of the missionaries and native assistants 
" are decidedly and steadfastly opposed to slavery ; and the direct ten- 
dency of their influence is to extend their own sentiments and views." 
Their " sincere desire and earnest prayer is, that it may be speedily 
brought to an end." 

The whole number of native church members owning slaves is four. 
Three of them received their slaves by inheritance ; in the case of the 
fourth, who has three slaves, one was raised in the family, one was 



98 Tliirty-Sixih Annual Re2wrt. [May, 

bi;ought into the family ten years since, during the hfetime of her de- 
ceased husband, and the third is a small child. These slaves, say the 
missionaries, are treated as members of the families, with equal kind- 
ness, and enjoy the same religious privileges and instruction as the other 
members. 

The Committee are of the opinion that things are in a fair train to 
lead to the utter extinction of this evil in the Cherokee churches. The 
instructions of the missionaries, and other influences at work in them, 
are tending in the right direction. The Committee desire to give the 
mission their full and heartj^ cooperation in respect to the result aimed 
at, viz., a complete separation of the churches from every form of slavery ; 
and they cherish the belief that the time is not distant when every re- 
maining bond will be loosed, and the gospel will have free course and 
be yet more abundantly glorified. For this let every Christian pray. 



RECAPITULATON. 

The number of missions in the charge of the Union, is 17 ; of sta- 
tions and out-stations 155, besides more than 150 places for stated 
preaching ; of missionaries 56, — of whom are preachers 52 ; of female 
assistant missionaries 55, with 195 native preachers and other assistants ; 
whole number of laborers 306. The number of churches is 141, with 
more than 12,500 members ; and of schools 106, with 2,772 pupils. The 
number of additions to the churches on profession of faith is 1,237 ; and 
the number of pages printed is 17,814,411. 

By his blessing on the labors of the year, God has furnished fresh in- 
centives to our faith and zeal. Darkness has been giving way to the 
dominion of light, and idolatry and ignorance to knowledge and holiness. 
Additions by baptism have been made in nearly all the missions. The 
fruit of their labors is seen in more than 12,500 Christian coverts, who 
now adorn their profession on earth ; and in a great number who shine, 
as the sun in the firmament, in the kingdom of heaven. 

In view of such results, let us join in the devout ascription : " Not 
unto us, not unto us, but unto thy name give glory." 



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100 Report of the, Treasurer. [May? 



REPORT OF THE TREASURER. 



EXPENDITURES OF THE UNION DURING THE YEAR ENDING MARCH 31, 1850. 

Maulmain Mission. 

Remittances, drafts, and purchases, $10,337 64 

Outfit and expenses of Miss H. E. T. Wright,-^ 210 14 

Passage of JNIiss Wright and two Karens from Boston to 

Calcutta, 717 17 

Passacfe of Mr. Haswell and family from St. Helena to the 

U. S. 200 00 

$11,464 95 

Tavoy Mission, including Mergui. 

Remittances, drafts, and purchases, 6,285 97 

Passage of Mrs. Brayton and daughter from Boston to Cal- 
cutta, 380 60 

Passage of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin from Calcutta to Tavoy, 135 53 

6,802 10 

Arracan Mission. 

Remittances, drafts, and purchases, 5,726 99 

Outfit and expenses of Mr. and Mrs. Campbell 600 06 

Do. do. Mr. and Mrs. Knapp, . 583 99 

Passage of Mr. and Mrs. Campbell and Mr. and Mrs. Knapp 

from Boston to Calcutta, 1,016 12 

7,927 16 

Assam Mission. 

Remittances, drafts, and purchases, 9,689 19 

Passage of two Assamese boys from Calcutta to the U. S.,- • 250 00 

9,939 19 

Siam Mission. 
Remittances, drafts, and purchases, 2,886 83 

/ 

China Mission. 

Remittances, drafts, and purchases, 10,038 65 

Teloogoo Mission. 

Remittances, drafts, and purchases, 1,348 75 

Expenses of Mr. Van Husen's family, 372 50 

1,721 25 

Bassa Mission. 

Drafts and payments, 1,684 63 



1850.] Report of the Treaswrer. 101 

Mission to Greece. 
Kemittances, drafts, and purchases, 3,016 98 

Mission to France. 

Remittances and payments, 6,590 15 

Rev. J. W. Parker's expenses, in part, 100 00 



German Mission. 



Remittances and payments, 3,234 29 

Rev. J. W. Parker's expenses, in part, 100 00 



6,690 15 



5,334 29 



Cherokee Mission. 

Drafts and purchases, 2,399 82 

Shawanoe Mission. 

Drafts and purchases, 3,5 72 54 

Less this amount received from the United States, 1,950 00 



Mission to the Ojibwas. 

Drafts, 1,750 49 

Less this amount received from the United States, 1,700 00 



Mission to the Ottawas in Michigan. 
Drafts, $350, defrayed by U. S. appropriations, 

Agencies. 

Salary of Rev. J. Stevens, 1 year, 4 1-2 months, 1,000 00 

Travellino; expenses, &c. of do., 137 17 

Salary of" Rev. S. M. Osgood, 1 year, 680 00 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 98 59 

Salary of Rev. O. Dodge, 1 year. 800 00 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 79 20 

Salary of Rev. J. F. Wilcox, 1 year, 783 33 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 170 06 

Salary of Rev. J. Wilson, 1 year, 600 00 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 195 25 

Salary of Rev. A. Bennett, 10 months, 500 00 

Travelling expenses of do. West, with Mr. Bronson, 78 00 

Salary of Rev. G. S. Webb, 9 months, 566 67 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 78 20 

Salary of Rev. Wm. Penney, 3 months, 10 days, 166 00 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 23 80 

Salary of" Rev. J. W. Eaton, 3 months, 150 00 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 45 00 

Salary of "Rev. O. Tracy, 1 1-2 months, 75 00 

Travelling expenses, &c. of do., 31 79 

Temporary Agencies, 587 70 

Deputations to attend anniversaries, &c, 176 63 

Rev. E. Bright, jr.'s travelling expenses, 117 08 



1,622 54 



50 49 



7,139 47 



102 Report of the Treasurer. [May, 

Publications. 

Gratuitous circulation of the Macedonian in the North-west- 
ern States, 60 00 

Thirty-fifth Annual Report, 1,500 copies; Abstract of do., 

750 copies, 157 24 

Occasional Publications, No. 2, 49 99 

Extra expense of Magazine for July, 1849, 229 83 

245 volumes of the Magazine for file and distribution, 122 50 

Pamphlets and Circulars at Cincinnati, during Mr. Stevens' 

agency, 125 00 

Circulars from the Rooms, 22 85 



Secretaries' Department. 

Salary of Rev. S. Peck, for the year ending March 31, 
1850, $1,400,— less $700 received from fund for this pur- 
pose, 700 00 

Salary of Rev. E. Bright, Jr., $1,400,— less $700 as above, 700 00 
Clerk hire, 385 00 



Treasurer's Department. 

Salary of the Treasurer for the year ending March 31, 
1850, $1,400,— less $700 received from fund for this pur- 
pose, 700 00 

Clerk hire, 500 00 



767 41 



1,785 00 



1,200 00 



Miscellaneous Expenses. 

Rent of rooms, 600 00 

Furniture, fixtures, fuel, and light, 178 16 

Blank books and stationery, 127 38 

Periodicals, &c., 32 75 

Books for Library, • 96 63 

Engraving, printing, and paper for certificates of L. M.,- • • • 669 91 

Fire-proof safe for books and papers, 125 00 

Postage of letters, papers, and pamphlets, • • • ■ 358 90 

Freight, cartage, insurance, wrapping paper, twine, &c.,- • • 180 82 

Interest on money borrowed, 573 87 

Ceunterfeit money, discount on drafts and bank notes, • • • • 205 40 

Copying records and documents, 100 00 

Legal documents and counsel, 13 60 

Messenger and porter, and care of rooms, 163 60 

Hannah Harpham's annuity, 50 00 

Travelling expenses of For. Secretary, 45 00 

Expense attending annual meeting of the Union, and com- 
mittee meetings in behalf of the Board, 248 80 

Incidental expenses, 6 50 

3,776 32 

Amount of expenditures of the Union, $84,147 23 

Balance for which the Union was in debt, April 1, 1849,- • 24,891 06 

$109,038 29 



1850.] Report of the Treasurer. 103 



RECEIPTS OF THE UNION DURING THE YEAR ENDING MARCH 31, 1850. 

Donations as acknowledged in the Missionary Magazine, • '$83,097 58 
Legacies, " " " " • • 3,755 42 

Received on account of the Grand Rapids claim, Mich., • • • 500 00 

do. from the Missionary Magazine, 184 20 

87,537 20 

Balance for which the Union is in debt, April 1, 1850,- • 21,501 09 

$109,038 29 
Permanent Fund 

This fund amounts, as last year, to $20,000 GO 

Fund for Officers. 

Balance on hand April 1, 1849, $80 00 

Received during the year for income of permanent fund,- • 1,320 00 

Net income of the Farwell estate, 880 80 

2,280 80 

Paid balance of salaries of Secretaries and Treasurer,- • • • 2,100 00 

Balance on hand April 1, 1850, $180 80 

Karen Mission Fund. 
This fund amounts, as last year, to $5,000 00 

Richard E. Eddy, Treasurer A. B. M. Union. 
Missionary Rooms, Boston, April 1, 1850. 



The Auditing Committee having examined the foregoing account with the vouch- 
ers, hereby certify that they find the same correct ; and that a balance of twenty-one 
thousand five hundred one dollars, nine cents, was due from the American Baptist 
Missionary Union, on the first of April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty. 

They have also examined the evidences of stocks, &c., belonging to the Union, 
and find that they agree with the statements on the Treasurer's books. 



Charles D. Gould, 
Joshua Loring, 



[■ Auditing Committee. 
Missionary Rooms, Boston, May 3, 1850. 



104 Appendix. [May, 

APPENDIX. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE MISSIONARY UNION. 

Of the Union. 

1. This association shall be styled The American Baptist Missionary 
Union. 

2. The single object of this Union shall be to diiFuse the knowledge of the 
religion of Jesus Christ, by means of missions, throughout the world. 

3. This Union shall be composed of Life Members. All the members of the 
Baptist General Convention who may be present at the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be members for life of the Union. Other persons may be constituted Life 
Members by the payment, at one time, of not less than one hundred dollars. 

4. The Union shall meet annually on the third Thursday of May, or at such 
other time, and at such place, as it may appoint. At every such annual meeting 
the Union shall elect by ballot a President, two Vice Presidents, a Recording 
Secretary, and one third of a Board of Managers. 

At a meeting to be held immediately after the adoption of this Constitution, the 
Union shall elect an entire Board of Managers, consisting of seventy-five persons, 
at least one third of whom shall not be ministers of the gospel. Said Board shall 
be elected in three equal classes, the first to go out of office at the first annual 
meeting ; and thus, in regular succession, one third of the Board shall go out of 
office at each annual meeting, and their places shall be supplied by a new election. 
In every case, the members whose term of service shall thus expire, shall be re- 
ehgible. 

6. The President, or in his absence one of the Vice Presidents, shall preside in 
all meetings of the Union. 

6. All the officers of the Union and its Board of Managers shall continue to dis- 
charge the duties assigned to them respectively, until superseded by a new election. 

7. Special meetings of the Union shall be called by the President, or, in case of 
his death or absence from the country, by either of the Vice Presidents, upon 
application from the Board of Managers. 

Of the Board-of Managers. 

8. All members of the Union may attend the meetings of the Board of Managers, 
and deliberate on all questions, but members of the Board only shall vote. 

9. Immediately after the annual meeting of the Union, the Board of Managers 
shall meet and elect by ballot a Chairman; a Recording Secretary; an Executive 
Committee of nine, not more than five of whom shall be ministers of the gospel ; as 
many Corresponding Secretaries as they may judge to be necessary; a Treasurer; 
and an Auditing Committee of two, who shall not be ministers of the gospel. At 
this meeting the Board shall determine the salaries of the Corresponding Secretaries 
and Treasurer, and give such instructions to the Executive Committee as may be 
necessary to regulate their plans of action for the ensuing year. The Board shall 
also have power, whenever they think it necessary, to appoint an Assistant Treas- 
urer, and to specify his duties and fix his compensation. 

10. The Board shall meet annually at such place as may have been appointed 
for the annual meeting of the Union, at least two days previous to such meeting, 
to hear the reports of the Executive Committee, the Treasurer, and the Auditing 
Committee, and to review with care the proceedings of the past year, the result of 
which shall be submitted to the Union. 

11. Special meetings of the Board may be called by the Executive Committee, 
whenever, in their judgment, occasion may require. A printed notice of the time, 



1850.] Appendix. 105 

place, and object or objects of such meetings, shall be sent, at least six weeks in 
anticipation, to every member of the Board. 

12. All officers appointed by the Board shall continue to discharge the duties 
asisgned to them respectively, until superseded by a new election. At all meetings 
of the Board fifteen shall be a quorum for ' 



Of the Executive Committee. 

13. The Executive Committee shall hold its meetings at such times and places 
as they may appoint. A majority of the whole number shall be a quorum for 
business. The Corresponding Secretaries and Treasurer shall not be members of 
the Committee, but they shall attend its meetings, and communicate any inform- 
ation in their possession pertaining to their respective departments, and aid the 
Committee in its deliberations. The Committee shall have power to appoint its 
own Chairman and Recording Secretary, and to fill any vacancy that may occur in 
their own number. 

14. It shall be the duty of the Executive Committee to carry into eifect all the 
orders of the Board of Managers; to designate, by advice of the Board, the places 
where missions shall be attempted, and to establish and superintend the same ; to 
appoint, instruct, and direct all the missionaries of the Board, and to fix their com- 
pensation ; to direct the Corresponding Secretaries and Treasurer in the discharge 
of their duties ; to make all appropriations to be paid out of the Treasury ; to 
appoint agents for the collection of funds, and to prescribe their duties and arrange 
their compensation ; and in general to perform all duties necessary to promote the 
object of the Union, provided the same be not contrary to this Constitution or the 
instructions of the Board of Managers. 

15. The Executive Committee shall present to the Board of Managers, at its 
annual meeting, a report containing a full account of their doings during the pre- 
ceding year; of the condition and prospects of every missionary station; of their 
plans for the enlargement or contraction of their sphere of operations ; and in 
general giving all such information as will enable the Board to decide correctly 
respecting the various subjects on which it is their duty, as the agents of the Union, 
to form or express an opinion. 

16. The Executive Committee shall have power, by a vote of two-thirds of the 
whole number, to remove, for sufficient cause, any Corresponding Secretary, Treas- 
urer, Auditing Committee, or Missionary, and to appoint others in their places , 
being always responsible for such exercise of their power to the Board of Managers. 

1 7. In case of the death or resignation of a Corresponding Sem-etary, Treasurer, 
or member of the Auditing Committee, the Executive Committee shall have power 
to supply the vacancy until the next meeting of the Board of Managers. 

Of the Corresponding Secretaries. 

18. The Corresponding Secretaries shall conduct the correspondence of the 
Board and of the Executive Committee, excepting such as shall relate to the Treas- 
urer's department, and perform such other duties as the Board or the Executive 
Committee may from time to time require. They shall preserve copies of all their 
official correspondence, which shall at all times be accessible to any member of the 
Board or of the Executive Committee. 

Of the Treasurer. 

19. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer, to take charge of all moneys and other 
property contributed to the Treasury of the Union, and to give receipts therefor; 
to keep safely all the moneys and funds of the Union, and all their evidences of 
property ; to keep fair and accurate accounts of all moneys received and expended ; 
to invest and deposit moneys, and make payments and remittances according to 
the directions of the Executive Committee ; to exhibit his books, accounts, vouchers, 
and evidences of property, whenever required, to the Board or to the Executive 
and Auditing Committees ; to make out an annual statement of receipts and pay- 
ments, and of the condition of the permanent funds and other property, for the 
information of the Board of Managers ; and to perform such other acts as may be 
necessary to the faithful discharge of the duties of his office. 



106 Appendix. [May, 

Of the Auditing Committee. 

20. The Auditing Committee shall not be members of the Executive Committee, 
but shall at any time, when requested, attend its meetings to give information 
respecting the state of the Treasury. It shall be their duty once a month to 
examine the books of the Treasurer, particularly and thoroughly, with all the 
vouchers and evidences of property thereto belonging. A certificate of the result 
of this examination shall be entered upon the books of the Treasurer, and a copy 
furnished to the Executive Committee to be entered upon their records. They 
shall also examine the annual statement of the Treasurer, and give a written cer- 
tificate of the result to be entered upon the records of the Board of Managers. 

Miscellaneous. 

21. The President; Vice Presidents, and Recording Secretary of the Union, 
the members of the Board of Managers, the Executive Committee, the Correspond- 
ing Secretaries, the Treasurer, the Auditing Committee, and all missionaries, em- 
ployed by the Executive Committee, shall be members in good standing of regular 
Baptist churches. 

22. All moneys contributed to the Treasury of the Union shall be expended 
at the discretion of the Executive Committee, except such as may be appropriated 
by the Board of Managers for the salaries of the Corresponding Secretaries and 
Treasurer; but moneys or other property given for specified objects shall be 
appropriated according to the will of the donors, provided such an application shall 
not be contrary to the provisions of this Constitution or to the instructions of the 
Board of Managers, in which case they shall be returned to the donors or their 
lawful agents. 

23. The Union, the Board of Managers, and the Executive Committee, shall 
each have power to adopt such By-Laws or Rules of Order as may be necessary 
for the government of their own proceedings, provided always that no such regula- 
tions shall contravene any part or principle of this Constitution. 

24. Alterations may be made in this Constitution only upon recommendation by 
the Board of Managers, and at an annual meeting of the Union, by a vote of two- 
thirds of the members present. 



1850.] 



Appendix. 



107 



PREACHERS AT TRIENNIAL AND ANNUAL MEETINGS. 



Texts. 


Meetings. 


Places. 


Times. 


Matt. 28: 20. 


Convention,- ■ 


Philadelphia, 


May, 1814 

" 1817 

April, 1820 




u 


u 


Acts 28: 15. 


" 


Ayashington,D.C. ■ 


" 1828 


Matt. 28: 19. 


« 


New York, 


« 1826 




Board, 


B0.st0D, ••■- 


« 1827 


Phil. 2 : 16. 




New York, 


« 1828 




Convention,. . 


Philadelphia, 


« 1829 


An address, 


Board, 


Hartford. Ct. 


« 1830 


Ps. 67:1, 2. 


" 


Providence, R. I. ■ • 


« 1831 


Rom. 7:13. 


Convention,- ■ 


New York, 


« 1832 


1 John 2:6. 


Board, 


Salem. Mass. 


« isas 


2 Cor. 10 : 15, 16. ■ ■ 


" 


New York, 


" 1834 


Acts 9:6. 


Convention,-- 


Richmond, Va. 


« 1835 


Luke 10: 2. 


Board, 


Hartford, Ct. 


" 1836 


Ps. 72:19. 




Philadelphia, 


« 1837 


Acts 12: 24. 


Convention,. 


New York, 


" 1838 


Luke 24: 46,47.- •■ 


Board, 


Philadelphia, 


" 1839 


JohQ3:8. 


" 


New York, 


« 1840 


.John 12: 32. 


Convention,. ■ 


Baltimore, 


" 1841 


Ps.87:7. 


Board, 


New York, 


« 1842 


Col.l: 29. 




Albany, N. Y. 


« 1843 


1 Cor. 1 : 21. 


Convention... 


Philadelphia, 


« 1844 








" 1845 
May, 1846 


1 Tim. 1:11. 


Convention,- • 


Brooklyn, N. Y. . . . 


Matt. 27 : 45, 51-53. 


Union, 


Cincinnati, Ohio . . 


" ' 1847 


Gal. 2:9. 


" 


Troy, N. Y. 


« 1848 


Phil. 2: 5. 


" 


Philadelphia, 


" 1849 


Matt. 20 : 26-28.- •• 


" 


Buffalo, N.Y. 


" 1850 


appointed preacher 


having failed. 







Richard Furman, D. D., S. C. 

Thomas Baldwin, D. D., Mass. - - . 

0. B. Brown, D. C. 

William Staughton, D. D., D. C- - ■ 

Jesse Mercer, Ga. 

William Yates, India, 

William T. Brantly, Pa. 

Baniel Sharp, D. D., Mass. 

C. G. Sommers, N. Y. 

R. Babcock, Jr.,* Mass. 

F. Way land, D. D.,* R.I. 

Baron Stow, Mass. 

William R. Williams, N. Y. 

S. H. Cone, N.Y. 

Elon Galusha, N. Y. 

Charles G. Sommers, N. Y. 

Baron Stow, Mass. 

James B. Taylor, Va. 

B. T. Welch, D. D., N. Y. 

Richard Fuller, D. D., S. C. 

R. E. Pattison, D. D., R.I. 

Pharcellus Church, N.Y. 

5. W. Lynd, D. D., Ohio. 

G. B. Ide. Pa. 

6. W. Eaton, D. D., N. Y. 

Baron Stow, D. D.,* Mass. ^ - • 

J. N. Granger, R. I. 

M. J. Rhees, Del. 

E. L, Magoon, N. Y. 

*Thei 



IQB 



leers of the Union. 



[May, 



OFFICERS OF THE MISSIONARY UNION. 



Hon. GEORGE N. BRIGGS, of Mass., President. 
BARTHOLOMEW T. WELCH, D. D., of New York, 
ELISHA TUCKER, D. D., of Illinois, 
Rev. WILLIAM H. SHAILER, of Mass., Recording Secretary. 



Vice Presidents. 



Board of Managers. 
IRA HARRIS, L L. D., Chairman. Rev. MORGAN J. RHEES, Becording Secretary. 



Ministers. 
Caleb B. Davis, Paris, Me, 
Edmund Worth, Fisherville, N. H. 
Daniel Sharp, Boston, Ms. 
John Jennings, Worcester, Ms. 
John P. Tustin, Warren, R. I. 
Elisha Cushman, Deep River, Ct. 
Edward Lathrop, New York, 
Elisha E. L. Taylor, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Isaac Wescott, Stillwater, N. Y. 
Jonathan G. Collom, Greenwich, N. J. 
Cornelius A. Thomas, Brandon, Vt. 
J. Lansing Burrows, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Horatio G. Jones, Leverington, Pa. 



Seymour W. Adams, Cleaveland, O. 
Lewis Raymond, Chicago, 111. 
Charles Evans, Saline, Alich. 

Laymen. 
Anthony Colby, New London, N. H. 
Byron Greenough, Portland, iVle. 
Asa Wilbur, Boston, Ms. 
Daniel Sanderson, Brookliue, Mb. 
John Conant, Brandon, Vt. 
Parkes Loomis, Suttteld, Ct. 
John N. Wilder. Albany, N. Y. 
Wilson Jewell, Philadelphia, Pa. 
John C. Davis, " 



Nathaniel Colver, Boston, Ms. 
Eollin H. Neale, " 

Samuel B. Swaim, Worcester, Ms. 
James N. Granger, Providence, R. I. 
Dwight Ives, Suttield, Ct. 
Spencer H. Cone, New York, 
Clesson P. Sheldon, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Jay S. Backus, New York, 
Daniel G. Corey, Utica, N. Y. 
D. B. Stout, Middletown, N. J. 
George B. Ide, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Xjjisnu iucKer, viiictigo, in. 
Marvin Allen, Adrian, Mich. 

Laymen. 
Jefferson Borden, Fall River, Ms. 
Isaac Davis, Worcester, Ms. 
John A. Gault, Concord, N. H. 
Varnum J. Bates, Providence, R. I. 
David R. Barton, Rochester, N . Y. 
William Colgate, New York, 
D. M. Wilson, Newark, N. J. 
Thomas Wattson, Philadelphia, Pa. 
George James, ZanesvUle, O. 



3Iinisters. 
J. Sewall Eaton, Portland, Me. 
Ebenezer E. Cummings, Concord, N. H. 
Pharcellus Church. Boston, Ms. 
Heman Lincoln, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Francis Wayland, Providence, R. I, 
Alfred Bennett, Homer. N. Y. 
Bradley Miner, PiltsHeld.Ms. 
William R. Williams, New York, 
Asahel C. Kendrick, Hamilton, N. Y. 
James L. Hodge, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Levi Tucker, Boston, Ms. 
Morgan J. Rhees, Wilmington, Del. 
Abraham D. Gillette, Philadelphia, Pa. 



David B. Cheeney, Columbus, O. 
Timothy R. Cressey, Indianapolis, la. 
Oliver C. Comstock, Marshall, Mich. 

Laytnen. 
James H. Duncan, Haverhill, Ms. 
Jonathan Bacheller, Lynn, Ms. 
Albert Day, Harttord, Ct. 
Ira Harris, Albany, N. Y. 
David A. fiokee, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Roswell S. Burrows, Albion, N. Y. 
David Scribner, Topsham, Me. 
William Bucknell, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa, 
William Gammell, Providence, R. I. 



Executive Committee. 
, HEMAN LINCOLN, Chairman. Rev. WILLIAM H. SHAILER, Recording Secretary. 



Laymen. 
Heman Lincoln, 
Simon G. Shipley, 
James W. Conveese, 
Benjamin Smith. 



Ministers. 
Baron Stow, 
Joseph W. Parker, 
William H. Shailer, 
Robert E. Pattison, 
RoLLiN H. Neale. 

Executive Officers. 

Solomon Peck, Corresponding Secretary for the Foreign Department. 
Edward Brigut, Jr., Corresponding Secretary for the Home Department. 
Richard E. Eddy, Treasurer. 



Auditing Committee. 
Charles D. Gould, Joshua Loeino. 



1850.] 



lAfe Members of the Union. 



im 



LIFE MEMBERS OF THE MISSIONARY UNION. 



BT THE PATMENT OF ONE HUNDKED DOLLAES. 



Abbott Rev. E. L., Sandowav, Arracan. 
Abbott Charles F., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Abbott Rev. Aaron D., Tyro, O. 
Adams Rev. Paul S., Newburyport.Ms. 
Adams George, New York city. 
Adams Nathaniel, Roxbiiry, Ms. 
Adams Rev. John Q., Caldwell, N. J. 
Adams Rev. Seymour W., Cleveland, O. 
Adams Rev. J. N., GilbertsvUle, N. Y. 
Adams Mrs. J. N. 

Adsett Rev. Samuel S., Sennett, N. Y. 
Ainsworth Rev. Spencer S., Panama, N. Y. 
Ainsworth Rev. S. C, Brookfield, N. Y. 
Ainsworth Luther, Cabotville, Ms. 
Alcott Rev. Denison, Westmoreland, N. Y, 
Alden Rev. John, Westfield, Ms. 
Aldrich Rev. J., Framingham, Ms. 
Alexander James, Oswego, N. Y. 
Alger Heniy, Rockport, O. 
Alger Mrs. Susan, Rockport, O. 
Allird Rev. Samuel R., Chester Village, Mb. 
Allen Rev. L. B., N- Yarmouth, Me. 
Allen Rev. Marvin, Detroit, Mich. 
•Allen Rev. Ira M., New York city. 
Allen Ethan, Norwich, Ct. 
Allen Mrs. Sarah E., Norwich, Ct 
Allen Joseph, Rutland, Vt. 
Allen Rev. John, Groton, Ms. 
Allen Thomas, Wilmington, Del. 
Allen Rev. Amos, Sedgwick, Me. 
AUen Rev. Barna, Whiting, Vt. 
Allen Lauraett, Worcester, Ms. 
Aller Amos, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Allgood Rev. William, West Union, O. 
AUmg Henry. 

Allison Rev. J. V., West Chester, Pa. 
Alton Rev. S. D., Fulton Haven ^ O. 
Ambler Rev. J. V., Lanesboro', Ms. 
Ammidown Holmes, Boston, Ms. 
Amory Peter B., New York city. 
Amoiereux James A., S. Hadley Falls, Ms. 
Andem Rev. Jame , North Bridgewater, JIs. 
Anderson George W., Lewisburg, Pa. 
Anderiion M. B., New York city. 
Anderson Rev. 'I'homas D., Roxbury, Ms. 
Anderson Lucy S., " 

Andress Rev. L., Ashtabula, O. 
Andrews William, Providence, R. L 
Andrews Rev. Emerson, Fhilajielphia,Pa. 
Andrews Rev. D., East Euclid, O. 
Angler Rev. Aaron, Cato, N. Y. 
Angell George M., M. D., Providence, R. L 
Anthony Lorenzo D., Providence, R. L. 
Appleton John W., Portland, Me. 
Appleton Daniel, Buxton, Me. 
Appleton George, Haverhill, Ms. i 

Armington S. L., Ludlow, Vt 
Armstrong Rev. A., Imlaystown, N. J. 
Arnold Rev. A. N., Corfu, Ionian Islands. 
Arnold William E., Rochester, N. Y. 
Arnold Mrs. Frances R., Providence, R . L 
Arnold Alanson, Manchester. N. Y. 
Arnold Noah J., Providence, R I. 
Arrison Matthew, Philadelpliia, Pa, 
Arrison Mrs. Matthew, " 
Arthur Rev. Wm., Hoosick, N. Y. 
Asher Rev. Jeremiah, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Ashley John J., Catskill, N. Y. 
Atkins Joseph, Brooklvn, N. Y. 
Ashmore Rev. William, Bangkok, Siam. 
Atkinson Taylor B., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Atwood Rev. John, Concord, N. H. 
Auner Charles H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Austin Rev. Linus S., Akron, O. 
Avery Eleazer J., Addison, Me. 
Avery Rev. Samuel W., Lubec, Me. 
Ayer Rev. OUver, Dover, N. H. 
Ayers Oliver, Bos'on, Ms 
Ayres Benjamin F., Roxbury, Ms. 
Babcock Rutiis, D. D., Philadelphia, Pa, 
Babcook Charles, New Hartford, N. Y. 
Babcock Gec.rge,Brookline, Ms. 
Babcock Miss Lucy, Brook line, Ms. 
Bacheller Jonathan, L\nn, Ms. 
Backus Rev. Jay S., New York city 
Bacon Rev. C. L., Trumansburg, N. Y. 



Bacon Joel S^ D. D., Washington, D. C. 

Bacon Rev. William, Di\ iding Creek, N. J. 

Badger Charles, Boston, JIs. 

Bailey Rev. Silas, D. D., Granville, O. 

Bailey Rev. Ephraim K., Jattrey, N. H. 

Bailey Rev. Alvin, Jacksonville, 111. ^ 

Bailey Beniamin D., Providence, R. 1. 

Bailie David, New York city. 

Bainbridge Rev. Samuel M., East Avon, N. Y. 

Baker Rev. J., Lambertville, N.J. 

Baker Rev. N., Seneca Falls, N. Y. 

Baker Theodore, Norwalk, O. 

Baker Samuel S., Wick lord, R. L 

Baker Ransom P., Fall River, Ms. 

Baker Rev. John H. 

Balen Peter, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Baldwin Rev. Elijah, Butternuts, N.Y. 

Baldwin Mrs. M. D., Boston, Ms. 

Baldwin Rev. G. C, Trov, N. Y. 

Baldwin Harris M., New York city. 



Ballard Loomis, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Banvard Rev. Joseph, Boston, Ms. 
Banvard Mrs. Martha, " 
Barber Aaron, Waterford, C. W. 
Barbour Harriet L., Hartford, Ct. 
Barker Rev. E. P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Barker Rev. E. M., Sampton, N. J. 
Barker Jacob S., New York city. 
♦Barker Rev. Cyrus, Gowahatti, Assai 
Barker Simeon, Providence. R. I. 



Barney Mrs. 

Bamaby Rev. James, West Harwich, Ms. 

Barnes William, Cabotville, Ms. 

Barnhurst Joseph, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Barrass Rev. Thomas, Baptistlown, N. J. 

Barrass William, Flemington, N. J. 

Barren Rev. A. C, Warsaw, N. Y. 

Barren Charles. Portland, Me. 

Barren David, Fredonia, N. Y. 

Barrett L., Belchertown, Ms. 

Barron William, Topsham, Me. 

Barron Rev. OUver, Sandbornton, N. H. 

Barrows Rev. Allen, Machias, Me. 

Barrows Rev. L., Dexter, Me. 

Barstow BIrs. Sarah A., Boston, Ms. 

Barter John, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Barton David R., Rochester, N. Y. 

Barton Mrs. Sarah M., " 

Bartlett Rev. C. P., Corinth, Me. 

Bartlett Rev. Daniel, Blue Hin, Me. 

Bartlett James, Brookline, Ms. 

Bassett Z. D., Hyannis, iMs. 

Batchelder Rev. F. L., Grand Rapids, Mich, 

Bates Varnum J., Providence, B. L 

Bates Mrs. Joanna, " 

Bates Rev. Luman C, Canal, N. Y. 

Battey Wm. E., Fall River. Ms. 

Beach Orrin M., Albany, N. Y. 

Beal Mrs. Margaret, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Beam Jacob, Beamsville, Canada. 

Beck Rev. L. G., Flemington, N.J. 

Beckwith Miss Abby G., Providence, R. L 

Beckwith Jason, New London, Ct. 

Bedlow Comenus, Portland, Me. 

Beebee Alexander M., irtjca, N. Y. 

Beebce Rev. Alex. M., Jordan, N. Y. 

Beebee George W., Ra\erswood, N. Y. 

Beecher Rev. I. F., Albany, N. Y. 

Beecher Mvs. Mary C, " 

Beecher Miss Mary C.. " 

Beers John, Dundee, N. Y. 

Belcher Joseph D. D., East Thomaston,Me. 

Belden Rev. A. R„ Mentz, N. Y. 

Bellamy Rev. Rufus K., Chicopee Falls, Ms. 

Bellows Dr. Albert J., Charlestown, Ms. 

Bemis Rev. V.. Franklinville, N. Y. 

Benedict Pev. David. I'awtucki t, R. I. 

Benedict Rev. E. L., Castle Creek, N. Y. 

Benedict Stephen G., Pawtuckct, K. I. 

♦Benedict Rev. George, New York city. 



110 



Life Members of the Union. 



[May, 



Benedict Stephen, Pawtucket, K. I. 
Benjamin Wm. P., New London, Ct. 
Beniamin Rev. Judson, Tavoy, Burmah. 
Benjamin Mrs. Susan R., " 
Bennett Rev. Alfred, Homer, N. Y. 
Bennett Miss Elsina, 
Bennett Rev. Cephas, Tavov, Burmah. 
Bennett Edward A. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bennett Dolphus, Utica. N. Y, 
Bennett Rev. Olney, McDonouph. N. Y. 
Bentley Rev. William, Wetherstield, Ct. 
Benton John, Sherburne, N. Y. 
Bernard Rev. D., Akron. O. 
Berry Z. E., Worcester. Ms. 
Berry Rev. Jonathan. Cincinnati, O. 
Berry Rev. Charles, Crownpolnt, N. Y. 
Besse Rev. Sylvester, lincoln. Me. 
Bestor Rev. Foronda, Chesterfield. Ms. 
Bevan Rev. Isaac, Newburgh, N. Y. 
Bevau J.. Cincinnati, O. 
Biddle William. Hamilton, N. Y. 
Bilden Rev. J., Freehold, N. J. 
Bingham Rev. A. J , Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Binney Rev. J. G., Maulmain, Burmah. 
Bishop Rev. J. J.. Belleville. N Y. 
Bishop Nathan, Pro^•idence, R. I. 
Bixby Rev. Moses, Willistnn, Vt. 
Blackmer Jirah, Wheatland, N Y. 
Blackinton Sandford, North Adams, Ms. 
*Blackington Otis, " " 

Blain Mrs. Amev Ann, Charlestown, Ms. 
Blake David B., Providence, R. I. 
Blanchard Bev. Charles, Trenton, Me. 
Bleecker Garret N.. New York city. 
Bleecker G. W., Brooklvn, N. Y. 
Bliss Rev. G. R., Lewisburg. Pa. 
Blodgett James D.. Haverhill. Ms. 
Blodgett Rev. John, Centerville, Q. 
Blood Sylvester, Ballston Spa, N. Y. 
Blood Isaiah, " " 

Bloomer Rev. T., Kinssville, O. 
Boardman George D., Worcester, Ms. 
Bogart Rev. William, Barkersville, N. Y. 
Boise James R., Providence, R. I. 
Boise Mrs. Sarah G., " 

Bokee David A., Brooklvn, N. Y. 
Bolles James G., Hartford, Ct. 
BoUes Mrs. Orra A., " 

Bolles Mrs. Sarah N., Providence, R. L 
Bond Rev. E. P., Lawrenceburg, la. 
Bond Rev. Phineas, Rumney, N. H. 
Bond Daniel, Claremont, " 

Bond Job, " « 

Boomer William, Fall River. Ms. 
Boon Levi D., M. D., Chicngo, 111. 
Booth Mrs. Maria, Poushkeepsie, N. T. 
Booth Rev. John, Clinton, Mich. 
Booth Justus, Pine Plains, N. Y. 
Borden Jefterson, Fall River, Ms. 
Borden Cook, '• 

Borden Susan P., " 

Borden Miss Ellen, « 
Borden Miss Eliza O., « 
Bosworth Rev. G. W., Boston, Ms. 
♦Boswell Rev. James A., N. H. 
Bottom Nathan H., Shaftesbury, Vt. 
Boulden Mrs. Susan„Wilmin2ton, Del. 
Bourn Rev. C. C, Harpersville, N. Y. 
Bouten Ebenezer, New York city. 
Bowdlear William A.. Roxbury, Ms. 
Bowen Rev. H., Chili, N. Y. 
Bowen Miss Lydia M., Providence, R. I. 
Bowen Rev. J. C.. Middletown, O. 
Bowers Charles, Boston, Ms. 
Bowers Rev. Charles M., Clintnnville, Ms. 
Boyakin W. F., Jacksonville, 111. 
Boyce James, Providence, R. I. 
Boyce Mrs. Albina Smith, Providence, R. I. 
Boyce Peter, Marion, N. Y. 
Boyd Rev. J., Kennebunkville, Me. 
Boyington Wm. W., Springfield, Ms. 
Boynton Nehemiah, Chelsea, Ms. 
Boynton Mrs. A. C, Franklin, O. 
Brabrook Rev. B. F., Davenport, Iowa,. 
Brabrook Joseph A ., Lowell Ms. 
Bradbury Rev. C. W., Cdlitbrnia 
Braddock John, Hartford. Ct. 
Bradford Rev. S. S., Pawtucket, R. L 
♦Bradford Rev. Z., Providence, " 
Bradford Mrs. Z. " " 

Bradford Rev. L., Monaon. Me. 
Bradish Levi J., Boston, Ms. 
Bradley Mrs. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bradley Rev. J. E., Lewisburg, Pa. 
Brainerd Samuel, Haverhill.Ms. 
Brandt Rev. Thomas, Westport, N. Y. 
Brayton Rev. Durlin L.. Mergui, Burmah. 
Brayton Mrs. Mary H. F.. " 
Brayton Mi'js Mary, Cleveland, O. 
Brayton Philip F., Providence, R. I. 
Breed Rev. Joseph B., Allegheny city, Pa. 
Breed Horace A., Boston, Ms. 
Bridge Rev. George, .Macedon, N. Y. 
Brierley Rev. Benjamin. California. 
Briggs jftev. Avery, Fairfield, N. Y. 
Briggs George N., Pittsfield, Ms. 
Briggs Mrs. Harriet H., •• 



Briggs Ebenezer, Middleboro', Ms. 

Brigham Salmon, Madison, N. Y. 

Bright Rev. Edward, Jr., Boston, Ms. 

Bright Rev. Thomas, Adams Centre, N. Y. 

Brinkerhoff Rev. C, Jacnbstown, N. J. 

BViton Rev. Thomas, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bromley Rev. Henry, Wethersfield, Ct. 

Bronson Ithiel, W. Meredith, N. Y. 

Bronson Rev. Miles, Nowgong, Assam. 

Bronson Mrs. Ruth M. L., " 

Bronson Rev. Benjamin F.. Ashland. Ms. 

Bronson Rev. Samuel J., Millbury, Ms. 

Brooks John, Roxbury, Ms. 

Brooks Kendall, " 

Brooks Rev. Kendall, Jr., Eastport, Me. 

Broom Rev. H., Camhridse, O. 

Browe Rev. Edwin S., New Brunswick, N.J. 

Brown Rev. Nathan, Sibsagor, Assam. 

Brown Mrs. Eliza W. B., 

Brown Rev. Philip P., Fabius. N. Y. 

Brown Lewis J., Philadelphia, Pa. 

•Brown Robert, Norwich , Ct 

Brown Hugh H., Providence, R. I. 

Brown Josiah, Haverhill, Ms. 

Brown Rev. E. T., Wooster, O. 

Brown William, Cambridge, Ms. 

Brown John S., Fisherville, N. H. 

Brown James F., Spread Eagle, Pa. 

Brown Samuel, Elbridee, N. Y. 

Brown Dana, Nashua, N. H. 

Brown Isaac C, Carmel, N. Y. 

Brown Rev. Wm. L., Westboro', Ms. 

Brown Rev. Freeman G., Dorchester, Ms. 

Brown Mrs. Sophia C, Fishor\ilIe, N. H. 

Brown Rev. Amasa, South Gardner, Ms. 

Brown Rev. Allen. Providence, R. I. 

Brown John, Patterson, N. Y. 

Brown Rev. J. Newton, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Brown Rev. Henry, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Brown James, Madison, N. Y. 

Brown Jeremiah, Hartford, Ct. 

Brown William, Fall River, Ms. 

Brown Rev. Wm. F.. Upper Pitts Grove, N. J. 

Brown Mrs. James. Providence, R. I. 

Brownson Rev. I. K., New Woodstock, N. Y. 

Bruce John M., New York city. 

Bruce John M., Jr., " 

Bruce Mrs. John M., " 

Bryant Southworth, Chelsea, Ms. 

Bryant Rev. D., Cincinnati, O. 

Bucknell William, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bucknell Joseph W., " 

Bucknell William. Reading, O. 

Bucknell Mrs. Sarah W., Cincinnati, O. 

Budlong James E., Providence, R. I. 

Buel Rev. Rufus F., Piraeus, Greece. 

Bullock R. M., Hemlock Lake, N. Y. 

BuUuck Rufus, " •' « 

Bump Nathaniel, Providence, R. I. 

Burbank David, Wyoming. N. Y. 

Burchard Seneca B., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Burdick Perrin, New York city. 

Burgess Henry, Hartford, Ct. 

Burgher Wm. H., New York city. 

Burk James, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Burlingham Rev. A H,, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Burnett Rev. Charles C, Worcester, Ms. 

Burnett Eli S., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Burpee Heman, East Thomaston, Me. 

Burroughs Rev. David, Amherst, N. H. 

Burrows Rev. J. Lansing, Philadelphia, Fa. 

Burroughs Rev. I. C, West Troy, N. Y. 

Burrows Rev. Baxter, Ludlow, Vt. 

Burrows Richard, Boston, Ms. 

Burrows John R., Providence, R. I. 

Burr David M., Glovcrsville, N. Y. 

Burr Norraand, Hartford, Ct. 

Burt Edwin C, Brooklvn, N. Y. 

Burt James, Brooklvn, N. Y. 

Burt William A., Mt. Vernon, Mich. 

Bush John, Butfalo, N. Y. 

Butcher Washington, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Butler James H.Providence, R.I. 

Butler Rev. Nathaniel, Turner, Me. ■ 

Butterfield Rev. Isaac, Oswego, N. Y. 

Butts Peleg, Jr., New Bedford, Ms. 

Butts William D., Charlestown, Ms. 

Byram Rev. B. P., Amesbury, Ms. 

Caldicott Rev. T. F., Charlestown, Ms. 

Camp Rev. Nelson, Delphi, N. Y. 

Cannon Rev. J., Zast Poultney, Vt 

CannoH John. 

Capron Rev. Benjamin W., Port Byron, N. Y. 

Capron Rev. Orion H. 

Capron Rev. Barton, Navarino, N. Y. 

Card Rev. Wm, H. 

Carleton Rev. George J., West Cambridge, JIs. 

Carleton Mrs. Jane T., " 

Carleton George R., " 

Carleton Miss Frances, " 

Carleton Rev. Michael, Salem, Ms. 

Carleton John, " 

Carleton Charles G., Phelps, N. Y. 

Carpenter Rev.'Mark, New London, N. H. 

Carpenter Mrs. Mark, " 

Carpenter Mrs. Ruth, Maryland, N. Y. 

Carpenter Rev. Calyia G., Phelps, N. Y. 



1850.] 



Life Members of the Union. 



Ill 



Carpenter Cyrus, Boston, Ms. 

Carpenter Daniel T., Pawtucket.E. I. 

Carpenter Rev. George, Westminster, Ms. 

Carpenter Rcv. B. B., Griggsville, 111. 

Carpenter Rev. J. M., Perth Amboy, N. J. 

Carr Julin £., Fall River, Ms. 

Carr Alexander, " 

Carter Joseph, Charlestown, Ms. 

Carter EUwaid, Troy, N. Y. 

Case Alonzo, Jordan, N. Y. 

Case Kev. Isaac, Readtiela, Me. 

Case Rev. Zenaa, Jr., Adams Basin, N. Y 

Case Rev. Stephen, Mount Salem, N. J. 

Case Rev. Cyrus, Greene, Me. 

Cassady P. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Caswell Alexis, D. D., Providence, K. L 

Caswell Rev. Lewis E., Boston, Ms. 

•Cate Rev. George W., Barre, " 

Cauldwell Wm. A., New York city. 

Cauldwell Mrs. Elizabeth, •' 

Cauldwell Ebenezer, " 

Cauldwell Miss Hannah, " 

Caldwell Kev. S L., Bangor, Me. 

Cauldwell E. B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Cauldwell Miss Elizabeth, New York city. 

Cauldwell Joseph, Whitesboro', N. Y. 

Cauldwell Miss Ann Jane, New York city. 

Cells Rev. Jeremiah, Aurora, la. 

Chace Prof. George I., Providence, R. I. 

Chace Mrs. George I., " 

Chaffin A. W., Boston, ATs. 

Chalfant Jacob M., Wilmington, Del. 

Challis Rev. James M., Marleton, N. J. 

Chamberlain Rev. Joseph H., New Berlin, N. Y. 

Chamberlin Edward, Boston. Ms. 

Chamberlain Rev. P., Sharon, Vt. 

Chambers Rev. J., McConnellsville, O. 

Champlin Rev. J. T., Waterville, Me. 

Champlin Arnold, Whitesboro', N. Y, 

Chandler Rev. Charles N., Rockport, N. Y. 

Chandler David, Portland, Me. 

Chandler William, Nashua, N. H. 

Chandler Judah, Portland, Me. 

Chandler Rev. G. C, Franklin, la. 

Chaplin Rev. A. Judson, Dover Plains, N. Y. 

Chaplin Rev. Jeremiah, Norwalk, Ct 

Chapin Rev. Asahel, Holyoke, Ms. 

Chapman Rhodes B., Slatersville.R. I. 

Chapman Mrs. Avis W., " 

Chapman Rev. J. S., Tobehanna, N. Y. 

Chapman Rev. Nathan E., Washington, N. H, 

Chapman Smith, Wyoming, N. Y. 

Chappell Russell, Auburn, N. Y. 

Chase Irah, D. D., Boston, Ms. 

Chase Rev. Peter, Franklin, Vt. 

Chase Rev. R., Wells, Me. 

Chase Rev. Supply, Northville, Mich. 

Chase Adrian, Haverhill, Ms. 

Chase Mrs. Jerusha W., Winthrop, Me, 

Charlock Jacob, New York city. 

Cheever Daniel, Delavan, 111. 

Cheney Rev. D. B., Columbus, O. 

Chick Kev. John M., Petei borough, N. H. 

Child Rev. Wm. C., Charlestown, Ms. 

Childs Rev. T. P., Covington, O. 

Childs Mrs. Mary W., Hartford, Ct. 

Chisam Kev. S., Jetferson, Me, 

Chollar Thomas D., Homer, N. Y. 

Church Pharcellus, D. D., Boston, Ms. 

Church Mrs. Chara E., " 

Church Rev. Isaac M., Cape Island, N. J. 

Church Rev. LeRoy, Hudson, N. Y. 

Churchill Wm., Bnokline, Ms. 

Churchill Amos, Hubbardston, Vt. 

Clapp Benjamin, Fishkill, N. Y. 

Clapp Rev. William S., New York city. 

•Clapp Miss Jane R., Providence, R. I. 

Clark Rev. Charles, Adams, N. Y. 

Clark Rev. Henry, Pittsfleld, Ms. 

Clark David, West Cambridge, Ms. 

Clark John H. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Clark Rev. Elbert W., China, N. Y. 

Clark George, Portland. Me. 
d.C 
York city. 

Clark Miss Emma E., 

Clark Koval, Banaor, Me. 

Clark Susan W., Wilmington, Del. 

Clark Ebenezer, Manchester, N. H. 

Clark John W. Hartford , Ct. 

Clark Jonas W. Portland, Me. 

Clarke Rev. Wm., Cazenovia, N. Y. 

Clarke Rev. Jliner G, \V^ood stock, Ct 

Cleaves Samuel, Portsmouth, N. H. 

Clift Rev. Benjamin H. 

Cobb Wm., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Cobb Lemuel, Portland. Me. 

Coburn Rev. Joase M„ Pittslield, N. H. 

Cochrane G. W., Methuen, Ms. 

Coffey Rev. Reuben, White Hall,Ia. 

Coffin Mrs. Ann D., Philadelphia, Fa. 

Coggshall Rev. J. M., Hornby, N. Y. 

Cogswell Robert, Salem, Ms. 

Colbum B. C, Hillsboro', O. 

Colbum Mrs. Hester A., Hillsboro*, O. 

Colbum Rev. Alfred, Sharon, Ms. 

Colby Anthony, New Loudon, N. H, 



Colby Mrs. Eliza, New London, N. H. 

Colby Gardner, Newlon, Ms. 

Colby Mrs. S., " 

Colcord John W., Portland, Me. 

Cole Rev. JirahU.,Nunda,N Y. 

Cole Rev. T. J., Lansing, N. Y. 

Colgate James B., New York city. 

Colgate Mary, " 

Colgate Wm., New York city. 

Colgate Mrs. Jane, " 

Colgate Samuel, " 

Coliamore John, S. Scituate, Ms. 

CoUamore Mrs. Polly, " 

CoUett Wm. K., Lebanon, 0. 

Collier Wm. K., Boston, Ms. 

Collins Rev. Andrew, Pa. 

Collins Rev. David B., Worcester, N. Y. 

Collom Rev. Jonathan G., Greenwich, N. J. 

Colman Rev. Martin, Elba, N. Y. 

Coltou J. H.. Windsor, Vt. 

Colver Rev. Nathaniel, Boston, Ms. 

Colver Mrs. Sarah B., " 

Colver Rev. Charles K., Worcester, Ms. 

Colver Mrs. B. B. H., 

Comstock Rev. O. C, Marshall, Mich. 

Conant John, Brandon, Vt. 

Conant T. J., D. D., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Conant Levi, Boston, Ms. 

Cone Spencer U., U. D., New York city. 

Cone Mrs. Sally Wallace, " " 

Cone Spencer H., Jr., " " 

Cone Edward W., " 

Cone Spencer Wallace, Somerville, N.J. 

Cone Amelia M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Cougar Hanford, (Jle\ eland, O. 

Converse Joseph, Worcester, Ms. 

Converse James W., Jamaica Plain, Ms. 

Cook Rev. G., Cape Neddick, Me. 

Cook Josiah W., Cambridge, Ms. 

Cook Mrs. JosiahW., " 

Cook Rev. B., Cabot, Ms. 



CooUdge David, Brookline, 

Coolidge D. Sullivan, " 

Coolidge John, Watertown, Ms. 

Coombs Rev. Stephen, Woodstock, N. H. 

Cooper William, New York city. 

Cooper M. S., Wilmington, Del. 

Copeland Calvin, Dexter, Me. 

Copeland Mrs. Susan D., " 

•Copeland Rev. Nathaniel, Albion, Me. 

Corbeit Rev. Benjamin S., Andover, Ms. 

Corbin Rev. W. IJ., Henrietta, N. Y. 

Corey Elijah, Brookline, Ms. 

Corey Rev. Sydney A., New York city. 

Corey Rev. Daniel G., Utica, N. Y. 

Corlew Elijah J. S., Boston, Ms. 

Corliss Briton, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Cormac Rev. William, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Corning Ephraim, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Corwin Rev. Ira, Marietta, O. 

Corwin Rev. David, GloversviIIe,N. Y. 

Corwin Mrs. Roxana B., " 

Cote E. H. O. (Swiss miss'y,) Canada. 

Cotter Joseph, Uamariscotta, Me. 

Cotterell Thomas, Unionville, N. Y. 

CottereU Miss Mary, Greenwich, N. Y. 

Cotton J. H., Windsor, Vt. 

Counce John H., Warren, Me. 

Courtney Rev. J. M., Lancaster, O. 

Courtney Mrs. Hanuah, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Covell Rev. Lemuel, New York city. 

Cowan James, New York city. 

Cox Rev. Charles, Baptisttown, N. J. 

Coxey James, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Crandall Rev. Edward B., Petersburgh, N, Y. 

Crane Wm. Baltimore, Md. 

Crane Rev. Origen, Weston, Ms. 

Crane Mrs Abby S., Canton, Ms. 

Crane Rev. Wheeler I., Pulaski, N, Y. 

Crane Kev. Denzen M., Northampton, Ms. 

Crane Rev. E., Garrettsville, O. 

Crawford George, Cincinnati, O. 

Cressey Rev. T. R, Indianapolis, la. 

Creswell S. J., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Crooker, Josiah F., Providence, K. L 

Crosby Nathaniel, Belvidere, 111. 

Crosby Mrs. Achsa. " 

Cross Rev. E. B., Tavoy, Burmah. 

Crowell Rev. Wm., Waterville, Me. 

Crozer John P., .Marcus Hook, Pa. 

Crumb Caleb, May ville, N. Y. 

Crumb Rev. J W., Kingsbury, N. Y. 

Cudworth Nathaniel, N. Sprmgfield, Vt. 

Cummings John, Wobum, Ms. 

Cummings George, Cambridge, Ms. 

Cummings Mrs. Abigail, " 

Cummings Rev. Ebenezer E., Concord, N. H. 

Cummings Daniel, Portland, Me. 

Cummings Mrs. Elizabeth, " 

Cummings Daniel, Chelsea, Ms. 

Cunningham Rev. Orlando, Sterling, Ms. 

Currier Edmund, Salem, Ms. 

Currier Ebenezer, Chelsea, Ms. 

Currier John, Newbury port, Ms. 



112 



lAfe Members of the Union. 



[May, 



Currier Kev. Joshua, LaMotte, Iowa. 

Curtis Kev. Wm. B., Ballston Spa, N. Y. 

Curtis J eremiah, Bangor, Me. 

Curtis Airs. Wm. B., 

Cushing Samuel T., Boston, Ms. 

Cushing Mrs. Sarah Wy " 

Cushmau Kev. Klisha, Deep River, Ct. 

Cutter O. T., Sibsagor, Assam. 

Cutting Kev. S. S., New York city. 

Cyr Kev. Narcisse, Grand Ligne, Canada. 

Dags John, Peufield, Ga. 

DaggJ.L.,D.D., " 

Dale Rev.H. S., Newport, O. 

Damon Benjamin, Concord, N. H. 

Damon Samuel, Holden, Als. 

Damrell Win. S., Boston, Ms. 

Dana John B., Cambridge, Ms. 

Dant'orth Kev. George F., Salem, Ms. 

Dantorth Rev. A. H., Gowahatti, Assam. 

Daniels Dexter, Providence, R. I. 

♦Daniels Geoige P., " 

Daniels Thomas E., Worcester, Ms. 

Daniels Lucy, " 

Daniels Rev. Harrison, Albion, N. Y. 

Daniels Wm., New York city. 

Darby Kev. Chauucy, McGrawville, N. Y. 

Darby Susan, Wilmington, Del. 

Darrow Rev. Francis, Waterford, Ct. 

Davenport Rev. Jidward, Colerain, Ms. 

Davis Kzra P., New York city. 

Davis Rev, Henry, Rochester, N. Y. 

Davis John C, Philadelpliia, Pa. 

Davis Isaac, Worcester, Ms. 

Davis Mrs. Isaac, 

Davis Rev. Sylvester. 

Davis Rev. C. B., Paris, Me. 

Davis Mis. Louisa G., " 

Davis G. F., Cincinnati, O. 



Davis George R., Troy, N. Y. 
Davis Rev. £. S., Little Falls, N. 
Davis Rev. Luke, Phelps N. Y. 



Davis Evan, New York city. 

Davis Joel,Fitchburg, Ms. 

Davis Rev. Judson, Maryland, N. Y. 

Davis Rev. John, Lambertville, N. J, 

Davis Mrs. Eliza H., Boston, Ms, 

Davol John, Fall River, Ms. 

Dawley J. E., Jr., " 

Dawson Jno., M. D., Philadelphia, Pa, 

Day Albert, Hartt'ord, Ct. 

Day Mrs. Harriet, " 

Day Albert F., " 

Day Charles G., " 

Day Horatio E., " 

Day Daniel, Nobleboro', Me, 

Day Rev. Wm., Levant, Me. 

Day Rev. Gershoni B., Sherman, Mich. 

Day Rev. Samuel S., Nellore, India. 

Day Rev. Horace G., Schenectady, N. Y. 

Day Prof. Henry, Georgetown, Ky. 

Dayfoot Rev. P. C, Norwalk, O. 

Dayton Wm., Alden, N. Y. 

Dean Charles A., Cleveland, O. 

Dean Peter W., Grafton, Vt. 

Dean Mrs. Philauda W., Grafton, Vt. 

Dean Rev. Ezra, Auburn, N. Y. 

Dean Rev. Wm., Hong Kong, China. 

Dean Isaiah, Cazenovia, N. Y. 

Dean Benjamin W., Grafton, Vt. 

Dean William, Springheld, N. Y. 

Dearborn Rev. S., Marlborough, N. H. 

Dearborn Wm., Brookline, Sis. 

Dearborn Isaac, " 

Decker Abel, New York city. 

Deland Charles, Lodi, N. Y. 

Delany Rev. James, Waukesha, Wis. 

Deming Amos, Savoy, Ms. 

Denison Rev. Nathan, Haidwick, Vt. 

Denison Rev. A. E., Wallingtbrd, Ct 

Denison Gorham, Stillwater, N. Y. 

Denison Rev. Wm., HuraphreysTille, Ct 

Denison Rev. Frederick, Westerly, R. I. 

Dennis Rev. Wm. L., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dennis Rev. Robert. 

Devan Rev. Thomas T., France. 

*Devan Mrs. Lydia, " 

Dewees Samuel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

DeWit Rev. J. V., Virgil, N. Y. 

•Dexter John, Providence, B. I. 



Dexter Lev: C, Providence, R. I. 
Dickerson James S., New York city. 
Dickinson Rev. Edward W., Elmira, N. Y. 
Dickinson John C, Hartford, Ct. 
Dillaway Rev. Samuel C. Granville, N. Y. 
Dimock Joseph W.. Hartford, Ct. 
Dixon Rev. J. A.. Terre Haute, la. 
Dobson Wm., New York city. 
Dodge Rev. H. B., Plattsburgh, N. Y. 
Dodge Hezekiah, Portland, Me. 
Dodge Ebeuezer, Salem, Ms. 
Dodse Rev. Ebenezer, Jr.,New London, N. 
Dodge Mrs. Sarah, " ' 

Dodge Rev. Orrin, Ballston Spa, N. Y. 
Dodge Mrs. Laura A. " 

Dodge Rev. John A., Kecsville, N. Y. 



Dorrance Rev. George W., Fiskdale. Ms. 
Douglass Rev. Wm., Providence, R. I. 
Douglass Rev. Wm H., Delphi, N. Y. 
Dowley John, New York city. 
DowUng Rev. Thomas, Willimantic, Ct. 
DowUng John, U. U., New York city. 
Downer Wm. B., Rochester, N. Y. 
Downer Rev. J. R., Alleghany, Pa. 
Downmg Georae, Chester Co., Pa. 
Doyle Hugh, Philadelphia, Pa- 
Drake R«v. S. J., Plaiutteld, N. J. 
Drake Levi F., Poitland, Me. 
Draper Rev. Amos P., Ontario, N. Y. 
Drew Clement, Boston, Ms. 



Dudley Rev. Ira, Colosse, 

Dugan Wm. T., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Dunbar Rev. Albert, Patten, Me. 

Duncan James H., Haverhill, Ms. 

Duncan Rev . John, Lowell, Ms. 

Duncan William, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dunham Jephtha.New Brunswick, N. J. 

Dunham Daniel, Pawtucket, R. L 

Dunlevv A. H., Lebanon, O. 

Dunn Drake, Plaintield, N. J. 

Dunn Rev. L. A., Fairfax, Vt. 

Durand Henry M., Maulmain, Burmah. 

Durbrow Wm. New York city, 

Durbrow Joseph, " 

Durant Clark, Albany, N. Y. 

Durant Thomas P., Boston, Ms. 

Durfee Benjamin, New Bedford, Ms. 

Durfee Santord, Providence, R. I. 

Durnell James, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dusenbury Rev. F., Etna, N. Y. 

Dye Rev. Walter G., Fabius, N. Y. 

Eames Robert W., Roxbury, Ms. 

Earle Rev. Joseph, Ouanesburg, N. Y. 

Earp Mrs. R., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Eaton George W., D. D., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Eaton Rev. Joseph W., Roxbury, Ms. 

Eaton Rev. J. Sewall, Portland, Me. 

Eaton Rev. Kdwin, Bellevue, O. 

Eaton Rev. H., Chester, N. H. 

Eaton Rev. William H., Salem, Ms. 

Eastman Henry, Zanesville, O. 

Eastwood Rev. M., Mt Holly, N.J. 

Eddy Richard E., Boston, Ms. 

Eddy Mrs. Emily A., Boston, Mb. 

Eddy John, Fall River, Ms. 

Eddy Rev. Daniel C, Lowell, Ms. 

Eddy Mrs. Elizabeth, 

Eddy Rev. Hemion J., New York city. 

Edington Mrs. Charlotte M., New York city. 

Edmands Thomas, Newton, Ms. 

Edmond Francis, Roxbury, Ms. 

Edmonds Miss Sarah E., West Chester, Pa. 

Edwards Robert, New York city. 

Edwards Rev. B. A., Watertown, Ms. 

Edwards Hervey, Fayetteville, N. Y. 

Eldridge Mrs. Amelia M., Biidport, Vt. 

Elliott Lemuel H., Providence, R. I. 

Elliott Rev. Jesse, Wyoming, N. Y. 

ElUs Rev. R. F. 

Ellsworth Nathaniel, Portland, Me. 

Elwell Rev. Henry B., Pavilion, N. Y. 

Ely Rev. Richard M., Mt. Holly, Vt. 

Emerson Rev. Charles, Machias Port, Me. 

Emmons Rev. Francis W. 

Erwin Rev. T. M., Steubenville, O. 

Estee Rev. S. A., York, N. Y. 

Estep Rev. James. 

Estey Jacob, Brattleboro', Vt. • 

Evans Jacob, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Evans Dr. Horace, " 

Evans Joseph T., New York city. 

Evans Rev. Charles, Brooklyn, N. T. 

Eveleth Samuel, Boston, Ms. 

Everett Aaron, " 

Everts Rev. W. W., New York city. 

Everts Mrs. M. K., " 

Ewart T. W Marietta, O. 

Ewart Mrs. Grace U., Marietta, O. 

Ewing John, Cincinnati, O. 

Facer Rev. Thomas H., Gros Lake, Mich. 

Fairbanks Benjamin, Jersey City, N. J. 

Fairbanks Willard W., Taunton, Ms. 

Farnsworth Jostph D., M. D., Fairfax, Vt. 

Farr Barnuel, Albion, N. Y. 

Farrar John A., Boston, Ms. 

Faunce Stephen, Roxbury, Ms. 

Faulkner David, Maiden, Ms. 

Fay Rev. Eliphaz,Poughkeep8ie, N. Y. 

Felch Rev. Alvin, Bowdoinham, Me. 

Feller Madam Henrietta, (Swiss miss'y,) Canada. 

Fellows James, New York city. 

Fenner Rest, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ferguson Rev. Nelson, Warren. N. Y. 

Fernald Edwin, Portland, Me. 

Fernald Mrs. Abigail, " 

Ferrier.Tohn M.,New York city. 

Ferris Rev. I., Newtown, O. 

Field Rev. Samuel W., Providence, R. I. 

Field Albert, Taunton, Ms. 



1850.] 



Life Members of the Union. 



113 



Field Rev. Moses, West Haven, Vt. 

Fifield Moses B., Cincinnati, O. 

Finley Rev. John, Memphis, Tenn. 

Fish Rev. H. C., Somerville.N. J. 

Fish Rev. Samuel, Halitiix, Vt. 

Fisher George, Cazenovia.N. Y. 

Fisher Rev. Abiel, South Milford, Ms. 

Fitch Ahira, Buckport, N. Y. 

Fitts Rev. Herv ey, Ashland, Ms. 

Flanders Rev. Charles W., Beverly, Me. 

Flanders Mrs. Mary L. O B., " 

Flannigan John, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Flanuigan James, " 

Fletcher Richard, Boston, Ms. 

Fletcher Rev. Horace, Townsend, Vt 

Flinn Jacob, Dorchester, Ms. 

Fly Rufus, Danmriscotta, Me. 

Foley Ths W., Providence, R I. 

FoUet Silas. Thettbrd, Vt. , „, , 

FoUett Miss Miranda, Staten Island, N, J. 

FoUwell N. W., Romulus, N. Y. 

Foot Rev. David, La Grange, N. Y. 

Forbes Rev. M. P., Pheliis, N. Y. 

Forbes Rev. JJerrill, Marion, N. Y. 

•Forbes C, Cincinnati, O. 

Forbush Rev. J. E., Boston, Ms. 

Forbush James E., Jamaica Plain, Ms. 

Ford John M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ford Henry Clay, " 

Ford Isaac, " 

Ford .Miss Sarah B., Boston, Ms. 

Fosdick James, Charlestown, Ms. 

FosdickWm., " , ^^ 

Foster Rev. J. C, Brattleboro', Vt. 

Foster Thomas S., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Foster Rev. Nahum P., Cornish, N. H. 

Foster Thomas P , Boston, Ms. 

Fowler Gamaliel, Sutfiold, Ct. 

Foulon Rev. I., Genlis, France. 

Fox Albert R., Sand Lake, N. Y. 

Fox Rev. Charles A., Binghamton.N. Y. 

Fox Rev. Norman, Ballston Spa, N. Y. 

Fox Mary A., Sand Lake, N. Y. 

Frazyer Edward, New York city. 

Freeman Rev. Zenas, Hamilton, N. Y. 

Freeman Rev. Timothy G., Natchez, Miss. 

Freeman Rev. Edward, Hope, Me. 

Freeman Rev. F. R., Attica, O. 

•French Enoch, Fall River, Ms. 

French Stephen L., " „ 

French Rev. David P., Goffstown.N. H. 

French Job B., Fall River, Ms. 

French Rev. Enos, " 

Fry Job, Athol, Ms. 

Frey Robie, Montville, Me. 

Frey Rev. Eli, Rainsboro', O. 

Frothiugham Stephen, Portland, Me. 

Fuller C,M. Jr., Pike, N.Y. 

Fuller Rev. Hosea, Eden, N. Y. 

Fuller Rev. H. B., Loudonville, O. 

Fuller Rev. Robert, Cambridge, Ms. 

Fuller Rev. George W., Birmmgham, O. 

Fuller Rev. Timothy, West Henrietta, N. Y. 

Fulton Rev. John I., Leesville, N. Y. 

Gage Lewis, Methuen, Ms. 

Gage Rev. David, New Boston J!J. H. 

Gale Rev. Solomon, Cornwall Hollow, Ct. 

Gale Rev. Amory, Ware Village, Ms. 

Gallagher J. M., Springfield. Ms. 

Gallup Ezra S„ Homer, N. Y. 

Galusha Rev. Elon, Lockport, N. Y. 

Gamraell Prof. Wm., Providence, R. 1. 

Gammell Asa Messer, Warren, R. I. 

Gardiner Wm. M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gardiner Richard, " 

Gardner Rev. Jacob, Easton, Ct. 

Garnett Rev. William, Galway, N.Y. 

Garnsey E. D., Burnt Hills, N. Y. 

Gairett Wm. E.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Garrett George H.. " 

GasktU Rev. Job, Columbus, N. Y. 

Gates Rev. George W., Cooperstown, N. Y. 

Gates Rev. Wm., Union, N. Y. 

Gates Rev. Alfred, Southwick, Ms. 

Gause Owen B., Wilmington, Del. 

Gault George, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Gault John A., Concord, N. H. 

Gault Mrs. Eleanor J., " 

George Moses D., Haverhill, Ms, 

Gebhart Herman, Dayton, O. 

George Charles, Philadelphia, Pa. 

GereJsaac, Galway Corners, N. Y 

Geyer Rev. Charles, St. Etieune ^ 

Gilbert Joseph B., Hartford, Ct. 

Gilbert Edward, Utica, N. Y. 

Gilbert Timothy, Boston, Ms. 

♦Gilbert Joshua, New York city. 

Gilbert Rev. S., Greece, N. Y. 

Gibbs Oliver W., Montezuma, N. Y. 

Gibbs Samuel E., Troy, N. Y. 

Giles Alfred E., Boston, Ms. 

Gillette Rev. A. D-, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gillette Mrs. A. D., " ^ 

Gillpatrick Rev. James, Topsham, Me. 

Gillpatrick Mrs. Jane M., '• 

GUlman George H. New York city. . 

Glover Rev. Samuel, Cambridge, Ms 



Goadby Rev. John, Poultney, Vt. 

Goddard Daniel, Worcester, Ms. 

Goddard Isaac, Providence, R. I. 

Goddard Rev. Josiah, Ningpo, China. 

Goddard Rev. David. ' 

Godding Rev. Rufus, Burk, Vt. 

Going Rev. Ezra, Granville O. 

Going Rev. Eliab, Wiilink, N. Y. 

Goo Rev. Peter, Vernon, N. Y. 

Goodfellow James, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Goodnow Joseph, Charlestown, Ms. 

Goodwin George C, '• 

Gorman Rev. Samuel O., Dayton, 0. 

Gould Frederick, Boston, Ms. 

Gould Rev. Asa H., Baring, Me. 

Gould Charles D., Boston, Ms. 

Gould Dr. Augustus A., Boston, Ms. 

Gowen John U., Saco, Me. 

Grafton Rev. Benjamin C, Cambridge, Ms. 

Grafton Daniel G., Boston, Ms. 

Granger Rev. James N., Providence, R. I. 

Granger Mrs. Anna B., " " 

Granger James N. Jr., " " 

Granger Rev. A. H., Warren, Me. 

Granger Reuben, SutReld, Ct. 

Grant Rev. Wm. O., Litchfield, Me. 

Grant Rev. Stillman B., North Granville, N. Y. 

Graves Rev. Joseph M., Bristol, R. I. 

Graves Amos, Homer, N. Y. 

Graves Rev. Charles, Cassville, N. Y. 

Graves Rev. Samuel, Ann Arbcrr, Mich. 

Gray Rev. E. H., Bath, Me. 

Greely Jona., New London, N. H. 

Green Thomas L., Albany, N. Y. 

Green Rev. James W., " 

Green Rev. J. H., La Grange, N. Y. 

Green Arnold, Providence, R. I. 

Green Mrs Cornelia E., Providence, B.L 

Green Miss Francis Mary, " 

Green David C, " 

Green Rev. C. H., Windham, Vt. 

Green Rev. J. R., Passumpsic, Vt: 

Green Samuel S. Boston, Ms. 

Green Elijah D., Calais, Me. 

Greenough Byron, Portland, Me. 

Greenwood Joseph C, Albaiij, N. Y. 

Gregory Rev. John M., Hoosick, N.Y. 

Gregory Clark B., Albany, N. Y. 

Gregory Rev. Seth, New Lisbon, N. J. 

Grenell Rev. Zelotes, Paterson, N. J. 

Grey Rev. Albert, Fayette, N. Y. 

Griffin P., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Griffith Rev. Levi, New JNIarket, O. 

Griffith Rev. Thomas S., Red Bank, N.J. 

Griffith Joseph, Newark, Del. 

Griggs Samuel. Rutland, Vt. 

Griggs David R., Brookline, Ms. 

Griggs John W., Cincinnati, O. 

Griggs Thomas, BrookUne, Ms. 

Grinell Rev. Levi O., Elbridge,N. Y., 

Griswold Wareham, Hartford, Ct. 

Griswold Rev. Salem T., Perrinton, N. Y. 

Grose Rev. Henry L., North East, " 

Gross Rev. Alba, Napierville, HI. 

Grow Rev. James, Thompson, Ct. 

Grubb Wm.- Boston, Ms. 

Guilford Rev. Wm. M., N 

Gurr Rev. C. G., Milton, 1 

Hackttt Rev. Horatio B., D. D., Newton, Ms. 

Hackett Rev. Otis, Janesville, Wis. 

Half Rev. H, H., Sentca Falls, N. Y. 

Hagar Wm., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Hague Rev. Wm., D, D., Newark, N. J. 

Hague James, Newark, N. J. 

Hail George, Providence, R. I. 

Hale James, Haverhill, Ms. 

Hale Rev. Sumner, Fitchburg, Ms. 

Hall Abiatha, Fall River, Ms. 

Hall Edwin, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hall Rev. Franklin P., Fairfield, O. 

Hall Rev. Silas, North Middleboro', Mb. 

Hall Enoch, Worcester, Ms. 

Hall Rev. Jeremiah, Norwalk, O. 

Hall Rev. King S., Hopkinton, N. H. 

Hall Rev. Daniel. New York city. 

Hall Georee, Philadelphia. Pa. 

Hall William, Daniariscoita, Me. 

Hallman Mary, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Hamilton Orris. 

Hamlin Rev. E. H., Jackson, STich. 
Hammett Rev. Joseph, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hammond Andrew W., Haverhill, Ms. 
Hammond V^m., Dorchester, Ms. 
Hand Joseph U., Bridgeport, Ct. 
Hanks George L., Cincinnati, 0. 
Hanna Isaac H. O., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hansen Wm. S., PhUadelphia, Pa. 
Hansen Standish F., Philadelphia, Pa. 
HanseU Rev. Wm. F., Poughkeepsie,N. Y. 
Harmon Rawson, Jr., Mumford, N. Y. 



narriB x\ev. &.„., .h.aci.ci, i.. ii. 

Harris Rev. Edward I*, Rushford, N. Y. 



114 



Life Members of the Union. 



[May, 



Harris Ira, Albany, N. Y. 

Harris Rev. Joiin, Battle Creek, Mich. 

Harris T., Cincinnati, O. 

Harris Kev. George W., Detroit, Mich. 

Harris T. J., Claremont, N. H. 

Harris Richard, New I^ondon, Ct. 

Harrison Rev. Joiin C, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Harrison Samuel A., " 

Hart Henry B., Portland, Me. 

Hartshorn Rev. Chancellor, Madison, N. Y. 

Hartshorn Rev. Joseph C, South Reading, Ms. 

Hartwell John B., Providence, R. I. 

Hartwell Mrs. Harriet H., 

Harvey Rev. Hezekiah, Homer, N. Y. 

Harvey Rev. Adiel, Plvraouth, Ms. 

Harvey Rev. Altrcd, Wesierloo, N. Y. 

Hascall Rev. Daniel, Hamilton, N. Y. 

Haskell Rev. Abel, Cauandaigua, N. Y. 

Haskell Kev. Eli, Cheshire, N. Y. 

Haskell Rev. Samuel, Detroit, Mich. 

Haskell Cieorge, .AI. D., Belvidere, lU. 

Hassall John 1^, Phili^delphw, P. 

Hastings Joseph, Troy, N. Y. , 

Haswell Rev. J. M., Amherst, Burmah. ' 

Haszard Wanton R., Providence, R. 1. 

Hatch Rev. Salmon, Canaan, N. Y. 

Hathaway Miss Mary, New York city. 

Hatt Rev. George, New York city. 

Hatt Rev. Josiah, lloboken, N. J. 

Hatt .Mrs. Jlary ihomas, Hoboken, N.J. 

Hatt John A., New York city. 

HattJoel, Orange, N. J. 

Haven Mrs. Sarah I,.. Framingham, Ma. 

Haviland John, New York city. 

Hawes Rev. Henry, Richmond, Me. 

Hay Joseph, Portland, .Me. 

Hayden Rev. Lucieu, Saxton's River, Vt 

Havden Charles H., Eastport, Me. 

Hayden Isaac S., Hurttbrd, Ct. 

Hayden Daniel S., Eastport, Me. 

Ha>hurst Kev. L. W., Waterville, N. Y. 

Havnes Kev. D. C, Barnstable, Ms. 

Hai'nes Rev. Arus, Jersey City, N. J. 

HaJ'nes Aaron, Calitbrnia. 

Haynes kev. Hiram, Preston Hollow, N. Y. 

Heath John P., Haverhill, Ms. 

Heath Rev. Wm., South Reading, Ms. 

Hedge Rev. T. P., Delphi, la. 

Hendee Rev. David, Eden, Mich. 

Heddin Rev. Benjamin F. 

Hendricks Rev. Joel, Benncttsville, N. Y. 

Hendrickson Rev. George F., N. J. 

Heoredh Grorge, Portsmouth, O. 

Herrick Rev. J. S., Warner, N. H. 

Hewes John M., Roxbury, Ms. 

Hewes Rev. C. W., Lansingburgh, N. Y. 

Hewett Rev. C. A.. Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

Hewett Edmund, Gal way Corners, N. Y. 

Hewiiis Luther G., New Bedford, Ms. 

Higgins Adolph, Hoboken, N. J. 

Higgins Rev. George, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hill Rev. Benjamin M., New York city. 

Hill Samuel, Boston, Ms. 

Hill Mrs. Mary B., " 

Hill Miss .Mary B., " 

Hill Francis W., 

Hill Wm. B., " 

Hill Samuel, Jr., 

Hill Nathaniel, Boston, Ms. 

Hill James W., " 

Hill S. P., Cnarlestown, Ms. 

Hill Mrs. Rebecca, Essex, Ct. 

Hill Isaac, Canton, N. Y. 

Hill Rev. Daniel .S., Plainfield, N. J. 

Hill Rev. L. D., Woon socket, R. 1. 

Hill Charles, Saco, Me. 

Hill P. E., West Bridgewater, Ms. 

Hillard Jonathan, Fall River, Ms. 

Hillman Samuel T., New York city. 

Hillman Mrs. Catherine, " 

Hillman Wm., " 

Hinman D. B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hires Rev. W. D., Samptown, N. J. 

Hiseox Rev. Edward T., Norwich, Ct. 

Hoag Benjamin, Burlington, N. Y. 

Hoard Samuel. Chicago, III. 

Hodae Rev. Edward, Fairfield, Mich. 

Hodge Rev. H. D., Dnnbarton, N. H. 

Hodge Rev. M. G., Colchester. Vt. 

Hodge Rev. J. L., Brooklvn, N. Y. 

Hodges Rev. C. W., East Bennington, Vt 

Hodges Rev. Joseph, Jr., East Brooklield, Ma. 

Hoibrook Samuel F., Boston, Ms. 

•Holden Thomas R., Providence, R. I. 

Holland Wm. A., Boston, Ms. 

Holman Thomas, Jr., Stafford, Ct. 

Holme John S., Holmesburg, Pa. 

*Holt Moses K., Haverhill, Ms. 

Homes Rev. .Martin W.. .Middlesex, N. Y. . 

Hooper Rev. Noah, Jr., Somersworth, N. H. 

Hope Rev. James M., Keokuk, Iowa. 

Hopki MS Rev. Charles, Jr., Williara8burgh,N.Y. 

Hopkins Thomas. Troy. N. Y. 

Hopper Samuel N., Philadelphia, Pa. • ; : , 

Rosea Samuel, Boston, Ms. 

Hosford Rev. Isaac D., Laporte, la, 

Hosmer Ashbel A.,.Mumlbrd, N. Y. 



Hotchkiss Eev. V. E., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Hotchkiss Mrs. V. R., " 

Hotchkiss Rev. L., >Iedina, Mich. 

Houghton Rev. George W., Pleasant Valley, N. Y. 

Hovey Rev. Alvah, Newton Ms. 

Hovey Elbridge A., Roxbury, Ms. 

Hovey Wm. B., Cambridge, Ms. 

Howard Rev. W. G., Albany N. Y. 

Howard Rev. Leland, Rutland, Vt. 

Howe Joseph J., Boston, Me. 

Howe Rev. Wm., " 

Howe Phineas, Graf ton, Ms. 

Howell Kev. David, Southport,N. Y. 

Howell David, Eimira, N. Y. 

Hoyt James M., Cleveland, O. 

Hubbell C, Cincinnati, O. 

Hubhell Alrick, Utica, N. Y. 

Hubbard Rev. John, Brunswick, Me. 

Hufiinan Wm. P., Dayton, O, 

Humphris Edward, Roxbury. 5Is. 

Humphrey 1- riend, Albany, N. Y. 

Humphrey Mrs. F., " 

Hunt Jerathmael, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Hunt Thomas, New York city. 

Hunt Wil-ou G., 

Hunt Edward 1., Newark, N. J. 

Hunt Miss Araoella F., New York city. 

Huntington Philip, Haverhill, Ms. 

Huntley Rev. Leland J., Holland Patent, N. Y. 

Hurlburt Thomas Purser, Brooklyn, K.Y. 

Hurlburt Elislia Dennison, " 

Hurlburt Rev. £ ., Elizabethtown , " 

Hdrd George F., Fayetteville, " 

Hutchinson Rev. Elijah, Windsor, Vt. 

Hutchinson Kev. Win., N. Granville, N. Y. 

Hyde Ami>s, Lowell, Ms. 

Ide George B., D. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

llsley Henry, Jr., Portland, Me. 

lUsley Rev. Silas. 



Ingalls Rev. Lovell, Akyab, Arracan. 
Ingalls O. H., Bangor, Me. 
Inglis Rev. James, Detroit, Mich. 



Ingmire Rev. Frederick W., Lockport, III. 

Inman Rev. T. E,, Westfield, O. 

Irish Peter D., New London, Ct. 

Irish Mrs. Sarah P. , " 

Irish William O., " 

Irish Miss Sarah £., " 

Irish Benjamin, " 

Ives Rev. Dwight, Sufficld, Ct. 

Ives Mrs. Julia A., " 

Jackson Rev. Henry, Newport, R, I. 

Jackson Rev. David S., Castlecreek, N. Y. 

Jackson Ellas, West Meredith, N. Y. 

Jackson J. C., Hartford, Ct. 

Jacobs Rev. Wm. B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Jacobs Rev. Edwin T., East Green, N. Y. 

Jacobs Stephen, New York city. 

Jacox Isaac, Cold Springs, N. Y. 

James Israel £., Philadelphia, Pa. 

•James J. Sexton, M. D., Shanghai, China, 
James Charles S., Philadelphia, Pa. 
James George, Zanes\ ille, O. 
Jameson Humphrey, Calitiarnia. 
Jameson Wm. H., Boston, Ms. 
Jameson .Mrs. Wm. H., " 
Jameson Rev. T. C , Providence, R. I. 
Jameson Mrs. T. C, " 

Jarmon Reuben, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Jastram George B., Providence, R. I. 

Jayne David, M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Jayne Mrs. Mary W., '■ 

Jeffreys Rev. Reuben, Albany, N. Y. 

Jenkins Francis, Gowahatti, Assam. 

Jenkins Rev. John S., Paikesburg, Pa. 

Jenks John W. P., Middleborough, Ms. 

Jennings Rev. John, Worcester, Ms. 

Jewell Wilson, M. D., Philadelphia, Fa. 

Jewett Rev. Lyman, Nellore, India. 

Jewett Mrs. Euphemia, " 

Johnson Rev. A., Blue Rock, O. 

Johnson Ralph, Norwich Village, N. Y. 

Johnson Rev. Solomon B., Muscatine, Iowa. 

Johnson Adam, Reading, Pa. 

Johnson Noble S , Cheviot. O. 

Johnson Rev. Win., Waterboro', Me. 

Johnson Ephraim, Portland. Me. 

Johnson Rev. George J.,Burlmgtjn,Iowa. 

Johnson Elias,Tioy,N. Y. 

Johnson Rev. J. R., Henderson, N. Y. 

Johnstone Aiidrew, Newark, N. J. 

Johnstone Robert, '■ 

Johnston John , Philadelphia, Pa. 

Jolls John F., Providence, R. I. 

Jones Rev. Ahira, Hallowell, Me. 

Jones Alfred, New York city. 

Jones James L., Chelsea, Ms. 

Jones Rev. John T., Bangkok, Siam. 

Jones Wm. G., Wilmington, DeL 

Jones Washington, " 

Jones Rev. Henry Y., Piscataway, N. J. 

Jones David, Newark, N.J. 

Jones Rev. Evan, Cherokee, C. N. 

Jones Rev. H. G., Leverinpton, Pa. 

Jones Rev. Josiah F., Williamsburg, N. Y. 

Jones Rev. Aaron B., Solon, N. Y. 

Jones John B., Roxbury , Mi. 



1850.] 



Life Members of the Union. 



115 



Jones Rev. C, Saline, Mich. 
Jones Daniel D., New York city. 
Jones Rev. Steplien, IJUIsdule.iV. Y. 
Joues Rev. Zebulou, llaniijton Falls, N. H. 
Jones Rev. T. Z. R., Kalania^oo, Jlich. 
Jones Rev. Jolm, Willistown, fa. 
Jones Rev. Rufus, Athens, Me. 
Jones ■Wm.,Troj,N.Y. 
Jones Lewis, Boston, Ms. 
Jordan John, Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Joy Rev. A., Cornish, Me. 

Judd Rev. Orren B., New York city. 

Judson Adoniram, D. 1)., Maulmain, Burmah. 

Justin Rev. Ira, Hemlock Lake, N. Y. 

Kain Rev. Charles, Jr., JIuliica Hill, N. J. 

Kalloch Rev Amariah, California. 

Kalloch Rev. Joseph, South Thomaston, Me. 

Keach Rev. Israel, Half Moon, N. Y. 

Keely Rev. George, Haverhill, Ms. 

Keely John, ' " 

Keely Rev. Josiah, Wenhani, Ms. 

Keely Rev. Thomas E., ICingston, Ms. 

Keen Wm. W., Philadelphia, Va. 

Keen Mrs. Susan B,, " 

Keen George B., " 

Keen Joseph, " 

Keen Charles B., " 

Kegwin Erastus E., Voluntown, Ct. 

Keith William, Boston, Ms. 

Kelly Mrs. Mary M., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Kelly Samuel R.,New York city. 

KeUy William, 

Kelly Robert, " 

Kelly Mrs. RobertW. " 

Kelly Rev. J. M-, Hanging Rock, O. 

Kelly J. V. D., SomerviUe, N. J. 

Kelly Rev. John, New Haven, O. 

Kelly John S., Brighton, Ms. 

Kemp Nathaniel P., Boston, JIs. 

Kempton Rev. George, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kerapton Mrs. Sarah, Philadelphia, Pa. 

'Kendrick Nathaniel, D. 1)., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Kendrick Rev. Asahel C, D. D., 

Kendrick Rev. Ariel, Cavendish, Vt. 

Kendall Charles S., Boston, Ms. 

Kendall Rev. Henry, China. Jle. 

Kannard Rev. J. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kennard Mrs. B., " 

Kenney Rev. Ira E., Tisbury, JIs. 

*Kent Remember, Pawtucket. R. I. 

Ketchum Rev. Frederick, 111. 

Ketchum Rev. Jonathan, Wayne Hotel, N. Y. 

Ketchum James, Dover Plains, N. Y. 

Keyes Rev. C. B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kidder Rev. Franklin, Busti, N. Y. 

Kilton John, Boston, Ms. 

Kimball Rev. Willard. Brandon, Vt. 

Kimball Rufus, Haverhill, Ms. 

Kimball Eliphalet, Lyme, N. H. 

Kimball Mary S., Cincinnati, O. 

Kincaid Rev. Eugenio, Ava, Burmah. 

Kincaid Mrs. E., 

King Augustin, Dayton, O. 

King Rev. John, Trenton, Me. 

Kingman Rev. L., North Bangor, Me. 

Kinssbury Jesse, Boston, Ms. 

Kingsbury Rev. S. A., Nobleboro', Me. 

Kingsbury Rev. Samuel, Brookline, Vt. 

Kingsbury Rev. Arnold, Albany, N. Y. 

Kingsley Rev. A. C , Parma Centre, N. Y. 

Kinne Rev. Niles, Beloit, Wis. 

Kirk Rev. A. G., New Castle, Pa. 

*Knapp Rev. B. S., Jeffersou, O. 

Knapp Rev. Harvey E., Akjab, Arracan. 

Knapp Rev. Henry R., Portersville, Ct. 

Knapp Joel, Edwardsburg, Mieh. 

Kneeland Rev. A. S., Canandaigua, N. Y. 

Knight Rev. Benjamin, Beverly, Ms. 

Knowles Levi, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Knowles Miss Susan E., Providence, R. I. 

Knowles Miss Sarah A ., " 

Knox Rev. George, Lewiston Falls, Me. 

Ko A-Bak, Hong Kon", China. 

Ko Thah-a,Rangoon, Burmah. 

Kone Louk, Maulmain, Burmah. 

Ky-ing, Canton, China, 

Ladd Rev. James S., Sag Harbor, N Y. 

Iramb Rev. A., Whitingham, Vt. 

Lamb Rev. R.P., Newark, N. J. 

Xamson Nathaniel, Shelburne Falls, Ms. 

Lamson Ebenezer G., " 

Larason Rev. Wm., Portsmouth, N. H. 

Lamson Mrs. Olive, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lane Rev. Benjamin I. 

Lane W. H., Whitesboro', N. Y. 

Lane Calvin S., Boston, Ms. 

Langley Joshua H., Providence, R. L 

Langtry William, Bethel, O. 

Larcombe Richard J., New York city. 

Larcombe Rev. Thomas. Philadelphia. 

Lathrop Rev. Edward, New York city. 

Lathrop Mrs. Edward, " 

Lathrop Rev. James M., Springfield, Ms. 

Lawrence Rev. Manasseh, Sumner, Me. 

Lawrence Rev. Luther W., Belvidere, 111. 



Lawton Rev. J. W., Leeds, Me. 



Leach Rev. Beriah N., Middletown.Ct. 

Lee George, East Bloomiield, N. Y. 

Lee Franklin, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lee R. W., Cincinnati, O. 

Leighton Rev. Samuel S., Concord, N. H. 

Leland Rev. Ira, Lexington, Ms. 

Leonard Rev. L. G., Zanesville, O. 

Leonard Rev. Lewis, New Bedford, Ms. 

Leonard Job M., Taunton, Ms. 

Lerned Rev. J. H., Brentw ood.N. H. 

Lester Samuel C, Auburn, N. Y. 

Levering Rev. Andrew, Pottsville, Pa. 

Leverett Rev. Wm., Grafton, Ms. 

Levesse Rev. Walter. LasaUe, 111. 

Levy Rev. Edgar M., West I'hiUidelphia, Pa. 

Lewis Rev. Daniel D., Piscataway, Md. 

Lewis Rev. Richard, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lewis Elijah, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lewis Alex, k, " 

Lewis Mrs. Sarah A., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lewis Rev. Lester, Bristol, Ct. 

Lewis George W., Fredonia, N. Y. 

Lincoln Heman, Boston, 3Is. 

Liueoln Mrs. Hetty G., Boston, J[s. 

Lineuln Rev. T. O., -Manchester, N. H., 

•Lincoln Mrs. Malvina W., Manchester, N. H 

Lincoln Jlrs. Jane B., Manchester, N. Y. 

Lincoln Rev. Heman, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lincoln Joshua, Boston, Ms. 

Lincoln Henry E., " 

Lindsay Wm., Fall River, Ms. 

Lindsley Peter, Newark, N. J. 

Linnard James M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Linnard Mrs. Ann, " 

Litchfield Elisha, Cazenovia, N. Y. 

Litchtield Rev. D. W., Benton, N.. Y. 

Little George W., Charlestown, Ms. 

Locke Rev. W. E., Scotch Plains, N. Y. 

Loomis Rev. J. R., Waterville, Me. 

Loomis Parks, Sutfield, Ct. 

Loring James, Boston, Ms. 

•Loriug Rev. Horatio, Ny Utica, N. Y 

Loring Joshua, Chelsea, Ms. 

Loring James, " 

Loring Jonathan, Boston, Ms. 

Love Rev. Horace T., North Adaras, Ms. 

LoveU.L. O., North Attleboro', JIs. 

Lovell Laura H., Fall River, Ms. 

Lovell Rev. Nehemiah G., North Attleboro', M». 

Lovell Rev. A. S., Mansiield, Ct. 

Lovis George, Hartford, Ct. 

Loxley Rev. B. R., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Luddington Samuel, Kinderhook, N. Y. 

Ludlow John R., New York city. 

Ludlow R. M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lyle Robert, New Brunswick, N. J, 

Lyle Rev. George, Williamstown, Ms. 

Lyman Julia E., Hartford, Ct. 

Lynn Leonora, St. Louis, Mo. 

Lyon David, New Y^ork city. 

Lyon Rev. P., Virgil, N. Y^ 

Lyon Merrick, Providence, R. I. 

Lyon Rev. Joel, North Bergen, N. Y. 

Macdonald Alex., New York city. 

Macgowan D. J., M. D., Ningpo, China. 

Blacgowan Jlrs. M. A O., " 

Mac lUvaine J. K., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Maclay Archibald, D. D., New York city. 

•Macomber Ichabod, Jamaica Plain. 

Madara Daniel P., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Maghee Thomas H., New York city. 

Jlaginnis John S., D. D., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Magoon Rev. E. L., New York city. 

Malcom Howard, D. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Malcom Rev. Thomas S., " 

Mallory Rev. Almond C, North Urbana. 

Jlalloiy Rev. James. 

Mangam W. D., New York city. 

Mann Nehemiah P., Boston, Ms. 

Mannins William, Chelsea, Ms. 

Mansflefd Edward, South Reading, Ms. 

Marchant Isaac W., Providence, R. L 

Marchant Henry, Providence, R. I. 

Marsh Rev. Asa, Blairsville, la. 

Marshall Rev. Enos, Sennett, N. Y. 

Martin R. W.. New York city. 

Martin Wm. R., 

Martin S. R., " 

Jlartin Mrs. Margaret, Elbridse, N. Y. 

Martin Sanford L., Lamoille, 111, 

Martin Rev. Edward W., Mud Creek, N. Y. 

Martin Phillip W.. Providence, R. 1. 

Mason J. M. E., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mason Rev. Francis, Tavoy. Tenasserim. 

Mason Rev. Alanson P., Fall River, Ms. 

Mason Rev. J. O., Springfield, Ms. 

Mason Rev. Jerome T., Galesville.N. Y, 

JIason Nathan, Providence, R. I. 

jMason David G., Swanzey , N. H. 

Mason Mrs. David G., " 

Mason Ephraim B., Boston. Ms. 

Mason Z. M., Auburn, N. Y. 

Mason James.Brooklyn. N. Y. 

Meixell Joseph, Lewigburg, Pa. 



116 



Life Members of the Union. 



[May, 



Mason George, Providence, R, I. 
Mason Pethuel, Somerville, N. J. 
Mather Kev. A. P., Black Rock, N. Y. 
Mattiews Rev. G. P., Liberty, Me. 
Maul Rev. Wm., Bri<igeton,N. J. 
May Robert S., Roxbury , Ms. 
Mayo John, New York city. 
McCall Nelson, Rushiord, N. Y. 
McCarthy Rev. Wm., Farraersville, N. Y. 
McCormick Richard C, New York city. 
*McCoy Rev. Isaac, Louisville, Ky. 
McFarland Rev. David, Mexico, N. Y. 
McGear Rev. D. L., Grafton, Ms. 
Mcintosh Wm. C, Philadelpliia, Pa. 
Mcintosh Mrs. Mary, " 

McLallen James, Trumansburg, N. Y. 
McLeod George, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Mears Elijah, Boston, Ms. 
Mecuen Edward F., Roxbury, Ms. 
Medbery Rev. Nicholas, Newburyport, Ms. 
Medcalf Benjamin U., Daraariscotta, Me. 
Meixell Joseph, Lewisburg, Pa. 
Merriam Rev. Asaph, Bolton, Ms. 
Merriam Rev. F., Searsmont, Me. 
Merriam Rev. Isaac, Raleigh, N. C. 
Merrill J. Warren, Charlestown, Ms. 
Merrill Henry, Newburyport, Ms. 
Merrill Mrs. Mary B., " 
Merrill Joseph, Galesburg, Mich. 
Messenger Foster C, WUraington, Del. 
Messer Rev. Amos P., Entield, Me. 
Messer Mrs. Sally S., New London, N. H. 
Messer Rev. Alvan, Enfield, Me. 
Metcalf Rev. Whitman, Springrtlle, N. Y. 

»,'n. y. 



Metoalt Georee P., Brattleboro', Vt.^ 

Wm, S., Singsing, 
Mikels Lvdia A., Rondout, N. Y. 



Mikels Rev. Wm. 



Milbank Jeremiah, New Y'ork city. 

Milbank Mrs. Jeremiah, " 

Miles Rev, George I., Philadelphia, Pa. 

MiJe^Rev. S. W., Meriden, N. H. 

Millard George, North Adams, Ms. 

Miller Charles T., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Miller Pardon, Providence , R. I. 

Miller Rev. Charles. Bloomfield, Me. 

Miller Miss Anieartha, New York city. 

Maier Rev. U. B., Niles, Mich. 

Miller Rev. D., Addison, Vt. 

Miller Hiram, Troy, N. Y. 

Miller Frederick, Providence, K. L 

Miller Miss Lucinda, Lowell, Ms. 

♦MiUs Peter, Zanesville, O. 

Mills Rev. Robert C, Salem. Ms. 

Milne Rev. Alex'r., Schodack, N. Y. 

Miner Rev. Asa B., Italy Hill, N. Y. 

Miner Rev. H., Gorham, N. Y. 

Miner Rev. Bradlev, Pittsfield, Ms. 

Miner Rev. A., Rushfbrd, N. Y. 

Miner Rev. S. G., Carrolton, 111. 

Mmer Rev. Noyes W., East Longmeadow, M 

Mingle P. B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Miriek Rev. Stephen H., Charlotteville, Va. 

Mitchell Mrs. Catharine, New York city. 

Mitchell George, Bristol, Ct. 

Montague Rev. O., TroopsvlUe, N. Y. 

Montgomery Wm., Danbury, Ct. 

Montgomery Mrs. Susan H., " 

Moore James, Sen., Milton, Pa. 

Moore Rev. Lyman H., Ypsilanti, Mich. 

Moore Kev. J. L., Springlield, O. 

Moore Mrs. Elizabeth, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Moore Rev. William, Maulmaiu, Burmah. 

Moore Francis W., New York city. 

Morey Rev. Reuben, Wyoming, N. Y. 

Morgan T.F., Cincinnati. O. 

Morgan Mrs. Ann B., " 

Morrill Otis H., Lowell, Ms. 

Morse Adolphus, Worcester, Ms. 

Morse Rev. B. C, Piqua, O. 

Morton Rev. Charles, Newark, N. J. 

Morto-.i Rev. Z., Alfred, Me. 

Mosely Arunah, Pcntield, N. Y. 

Mowrey Henrv, Philadelpliia, Pa. 

Moxlev Rev. O. W,, Pari<^hville,N. Y. 

Muddimaii, Rev. Wm., Livt-rpool, O. 

Mudge C. Wheatland, N. Y. 

Mulhern Rev. D., Ozaukee, Wis. 

Mulford John, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mulford Rev. C. W., Fleniinpton, N. J. 

Multbrd Mrs. Elizabeth T., FIcmington, N.. 

MuUbrd George W., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Munaer Mrs. Ruth, Claremont, N. H. 

Munn Stephen B., New York city. 

Munn Mrs. Sarah P. " 

Munn Wm. H,, " 

Munn Mrs. Mary Warren, New York city. 

Munn Wm. H., Jr., " 

Munroe John, Elhridge, N. Y. 

Munroe Mrs. Hannah, " 

Munfoe James, New Bedford, Ms. 

Murdock Rev. John N., Hartford, Ct 

Murphy John K., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Murphy Wm. D.. New York city. 

Murray John, Chaiiestown, Ms. 

Myah A., W.aulmain, Burmah. 

Myers Mrs. T. A.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Muzzcy Rev. Lawson , Norwich, Ct. 

Naphey Abraham, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Nash Rev. J. A., Watertown, N. Y. 
Neale Rev. RoUin H., Boston, Ms. 
Nearing Alfred, New York city. 
Nelson Rev. E., Jliddleboro', Ms. 
Nelson Nathaniel, New Bedford, Ms. 
Nelson Mrs. Rebecca C, Middleboro', Ms. 
Newell Asa, Providence, R. L 
Newell Rev. Isaac D., Upper Alton, HI. 
Newland David, Stillwater, N. Y. 
Newland Ephraim, Stillwater, N. Y. 
Newton Wm., Worcester, Ms. 
Newton Alice, New York city. 
Newton Rev. Baxter, North Leverett, Ms. 
Nice Rev. George P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Nice Rev W. J., Holndell, N. J. 
Nichols Rev. C. R., Keesville.N. Y. 
Nichols Charles H., Boston, Ms. 
Nichols Mrs. W. M., 
Nichols Mrs. Eliza A. W., Boston, Ms. 
NickersOD Rev. James, Cazenovia, N. Y. 
Nickerson Thomas, Boston, Ms. 
Nickerson Rev. Alexander, Valparaiso, la. 
Nickerson Mrs. Elizabeth. Cazenovia, N. Y. 
NornmndeauRev. Leon, Grand Eigne, Canada. 
Normandeau Mrs. C. A., " " 

Norris George L., Boston, Ms. 
Norris Rev. Wm., Northwood, N. H. 
Nott Rev. H. G., Kennebunk Port, Me. 
Numan Abraham, Troy, N. Y. ' 

Nutter Rev. David, Sedgwick, Me. 
O'Brien Mrs. M. L., Beverly, Ms. 
Olcott Rev. James B., Parma, N. Y. 
Oldring Henry, New York city. 
Olrastead Rev. J. W., Boston, Mass. 
Olney James, Pawtucket, R. I. 
Olney Rev. Philetus B., Wayne, N. Y. 
Omberson Wm. J., New York city. 
Oncken Rev. J. G., Hamburg, Germany. 
Ondeidonk Peter C, New Brunswick, N. J. 
Orcut Dan, Claremont, N. H. 
Osborn Rev. L., Franklin, O. 
Osborn Rev. Jedediah W., Scipio, N. Y. 
Osgood Rev. S. M., Wyoming, N. Y. 
* Osgood Mrs. Sarah M. W., " 

Oseood Benjamin, Methuen,Ms. 
Osgood J. R., Indianapohs, la. 
Osgood Ora, " 

Osgood Luther, Verona, N. Y. 
Osier Hugh, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Oviatt Nathaniel, Riclifield, O. 
Owen Rev. E. D.. Indianapolis, la. 
Packer Rev. Daniel, Mt. Holly, Vt 
Page Rev. Stephen B., Newark, O. 
Page Abel, Haver hill, Ms. 
Page Rev. Christian J., Milestown, Pa. 
Palmer Rev. Bela, Fenner, N. Y. 
Palmer Rev. A. G., Stonington, Ct 
Palmer Mrs. Sarah C, Roxbury, Ms. 
Palmer Rev. A. R., Marcellus, N. Y. 
Palmer Rev. Wm., Norwich, Ct 
Palmar Rev. Nelson, Madison, N. Y. 
Pancost Edwin. Rochester, N. Y. 
Parke Rev. F. S., Clifton Park, N. Y. 
Parker Rev. J. W., Cambridge, Ms. 
Parker Mrs. M. A., " ^^ 

Parker Rev. Henry I., Burlington, Vt 
*Parker Caleb, Roxbury, Ms. 
Parker Caleb, Jr., 
Parker Rev. Addison, Palmer.Ms. 
Parker Rev. Aaron, Coventry, N.Y. 
Parker Rev. S. Stiles, New Brunswick.N. J. 
Parker Asa, Essex, Ct 
Parkhurst Rev. J. W., Newton, Ms. 
Parkhurst Mrs. Mary W., " 
Parkhurst Rev. John, Chelmsford, Ms. 
Parkhurst 3Irs. CeUa, 
Parlen Horace, Winthrop, Me. 
Parmly Rev. W. H., Shelburne Falls, Ms. 
Parmly Katharine D-, Shelburne Falls, Ms. 
Parmlev Rev. D. S., Pemberton, N. J. 
Parrisli Rev. W. F., Mendon, N. Y. 
Parsons Rev. S. S., Parma, N. \ . 
Parsons Silas, Swanzey, N. H. ' ., „ 
Parsons Mrs. Patience, Swanzey, N. H. 
Parsons William, Brooklyn, N. ^ • 
Pasco Rev. Cephas, Egremont, JIs. 
Patch Rev. George W., JIarblehead, Ms. 
Patch Abijah, Boston, Ms. 
Patti n Rev. Alfred S., West Chester, Pa. 
Piittrngill Lenuel, New Lisbon, N. Y. 
Pottenffill Lemuel C, Mount Vision, N. ^. 
'Pattisbn Rev. Wra.,New Britain, Ct 
Pattison Rev. Wm. P., " „ . ,, 
Pattison R. E., D. D.,Newton Centre, Ms. 
Pattison Miss Sarah Lavinia, ' 
Pattison Mrs. R. E., 
Paul Thomas, Boston, Ms. 
Paulding Theophilus Philadelphia, Pa. 
Payne Mrs. Betsey, Hamilton, N. Y. 
Peabodv Francis Bolles, Amherst, N. H. 
Peak John H., Boston, Ms. 
Peak James M., Boston, Ms. 
Pearce Rev. Wm., Marietta, O. 
Pease R. M., Albany, N. Y., 
Peck Rev. Solomon, D. D., Boston, Ms. 
Peck Mrs. Elizabeth R. H., 
• Peck George B., Providence, B. I. 



1850.] 



Life Members of the Union. 



117 



■Peck Rev. John, New Woodstocic, N. Y. 
»Peek Rev. Philetus B., Owego, N. Y. 
Peck David A., Clifton Park, JST. Y. 
Peck John, 



Pennell Edward, Portland, Me. 

Penney Rev. Wm., Mc Keesport, Fa. 

Perkins Rev. A., Uanbury, Ct. 

Perkins Samuel S, Boston, Ms. 

Perkins Jabez, Topshani, Me. 

Perkins Rev. N. M., Waterbury, Ct. 

Perry V., Jlaoedon, N. Y, 

Perry Rev. Klisha G.. Sand I.ake.iN. Y. 

Person Rev. Ira, Milford , N. H. 

Pettenaill Daniel, Haverhill, Ms. 

Phelps Rev. S. D., New Ha\en, Ct. 

Phelps Mrs. S. Emilia, 

Phillips Rev. D. W., South Reading, Ms. 

Phillips Rev. William, Providence. R, I. 

Phippen Rev. George, Tyringham, Ms. 

Picard Rev. Richard, Frankftrt, Pa. 

Pier Sylvester, New York city. 

Pierce Mrs Emily A., " 

Pierce Alvah, Hamilton, N. Y. 

Pierce Mrs. Caroline. Hamilton, N. Y. 

Pierce Daniel, Dorchester, Ms. 

PiKe Jonathan, Providence, R. I. 

Pike Miss Ann Eliza W., Providence, R. I. 

Pike Albert B. H., " 

Pillsbury Rev. P., Me. 

Pillsbury Samuel, Saco, Me. 

Pinney Rev. Alfred, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Pinnev Mrs. Olivia, 

Pixley Rev. Josejih B., Hardwick, N. Y. 

Piatt Nathan C, New York city. 

Piatt Mrs- Jane D., 

Piatt Rev. Edward F., Catsklll, N. Y. 

Piatt Wm. H., New York city. 

Piatt Spencer C, 

Platts Rev. C, Homer, O. 

Plumroer John L., Roxbury, Ms. 

Pogue Mrs. Elizabeth, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Pohlraan Charles, Albany, N, Y. 

Poiueer J. R., Cincinnati, O. 

Poland Rev. James W., Goffstown, N. H. 

Pollard Rev. Andrew, Taunton, Ms. 

Pollard S. S., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Pomroy S.. York, N. Y. 

Pond Moses, Boston, Ms. 

Poole Samuel, Roxbury, Ms. 

Pope William G. E., New Bedford, Ms; 

Porter Rev. Lemuel, Lowell, Ms. 

Porter Mrs. W. Maria, " 

Porter Benjamin, Dan vers, Ms. 

Porter Rev. Charles G., Bangor, Me. 

Post Reuben, Essex, Ct. 

Post Jared C, Albany, N. Y. 

Powell Rev. Thomas, Hennepin, HI. 

Powell Wm., Cincinnati, O. 

Powers Rev. lugraham. West Merideth, N. Y. 

Powers Mrs. Ingraham, " 

Powers Daniel G., Panama, N. Y. 

Pratt Rev. D. D., Nashua, N. H. 

Pratt Mns. D. D., 

Pratt C. M., New England Village, Ms. 

Prentiss Thomas. 

Prescott Wm. R., Hallowell, Me. 

Pullen Gilbert, Augusta, Me. 

Purington Rev. W. F., Prattsburi, N. Y. 

Purinton Rev. Thomas, Mc Lean, N. Y. 

Purinton Rev. Daniel B., Groton, N. Y. 

Purinton Rev. J. M., Kingswood, Va. 

Purkis Miss Mary A.. Providence, R. I, 

Purser Thomas, iirooklyn, N. Y. 

Purser Mrs. Mary, " 

Putnam Rev. Damel, taton, N. Y. 

Putnam Rev. Benjanrin, BiUerica, Ms. 

Putnam John, Boston, Ms. 

Pyiier Ri^v. ,);imcs, Toronto, C. W. 

Radford Mi?s Mary, Portland, Me. 

Ramsav Perley A., Boston, Ms. 

Rand Rev. Thomas, West Springfield, Ms. 

Rand Mrs. Margaret E. Hathaway, New York city. 

Randall Rev. S. B., Maiden, Ms. 

Randall Charles, Norwich, N. Y. 

Randall John A. C, Boston, Ms. 

Randall Daniel M., Norwich, N. Y. 

Randall Rev.D. A., Medina, O. 

Randall George W., Cambridge, Ms. 

Randolph David Fitts, New Brunswaek, N. J. 

Randolph Ambrose F., " 

Randolph J. D. F., Brooklyn ,N. Y. 

Ranney Stephen E., Hartford, Vt. 

Ranslead Rev. L., Warren, O. 

Rathbone Elizabeth M., Wateiford,N. Y. 

Rayiield W. W., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Raym.ond Stephen, Penn Yan, N. Y. 

Raymond Mrs. Mary Ann, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Raymond Rev. Lewis, Chicago, 111. 

Raymond Rev. .7. H., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Raymond Rev. Robert R , Syracuse, N. Y. 

Bead James H., Providence, R. I. 

Read Mrs. Hannah C. E., Providence, E. I, 

Read George, Deep River, Ct. 



Read George W., Fall River, Ms. 

Read Rev. Charles B., Honeove Falls.N. Y. 

Reed Jacob, Philadelphia, Pa." 

Reed Rufiis, Albion.-:, y. 

Rcwl K> V. \>. |]., (inat Bend.N. Y. 

Rte.l li.v. Xatlian A., Fraiikliiivale, N. Y. 

«Kt-.l lu-v. Cakb, \Vrst;nnrt-lulid,N. Y. 






Ri-idiU'V. Jai 

Reed Hev. Daniel D., Champion, N.Y. 

Reed J. C, Cincinnati, O 

Rees Rev. Wni. Rucliester, N. Y. 

Reid Rev. Wm., Bridgeport, Ct 

Relyea Solomon S., Harlem, N.. Y. 

Remington Rev. Stephen, New York city. 

Reynolds .Mrs. Susan D., Boston, Ms. 

Reynolds Joseph, Amenia. N. Y. 

Rhees Rev. Morgan J., Williamsburg, N Y. 

Rhees Mrs. .Marv Ann, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rhodes Christopher, Providence, R. I. 

Rice Mrs. Catherine, Hartford, Ct. 

Ri ce Mrs. Martha F.. " 

Rich George B., New Haven, Ct. 

Riendeau Rev. Toussein, Grand Ligne, Canada. 

Richards Rev. John M., Philadelphia. Pa. 

Richards Rev. Wm. C, Lvnn, Ms. 

Richards Henry, Fall River, Ms. 

Richards Rev. Humphrey, Neponset, Ms. 

Richards Edwin S.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Richards Wm.H., Jr., 

Richards Mrs. Elizi-beth , " 

Richardson Alfred, Portland, Me. 

Richardson James M., West Cambridge, Ms, 

Richardson Rev. Phinea.s: HoUis, N. H. 

Richardson Kcv. J. G., Lawieiicc, Ms. 

Richards.m Rev. Daniel F., N. II. 

Richardson John F., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Richardson Thomas, Boston, Ms. 

Richardson Isaac JI., New Bedford, Ms, 

Richardson W. H., Hartford, Ct. 

Richardson Wm. T., Cambridge, Ms. 

Richmond Rev. J. L., Perinton, N. Y. 

Ricker Rev. Joseph, Belfast, Me. 

Riley Rev. G. W. Paris, 111. 

Ring Mrs. Hairnah W., New York city, 

Ripley Mrs. Abigail, Boston, Ms. 

Ripley H. J., D. D., Newton, Ms. 

Riirley Rev Thomas B., , Tenn. 

Ripley Peter, Cohasset,M3. 

Riplev Mi.ss Mary G., " 

Rittenhouse Miss S. B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Robarts Walter S., " 

Roberts Rev. Thomas, Holmesburg, Pa. 

Roberts Waterman, Hartford, Ct. 

Robertston Rev. Henry, Franklin, N. Y. 

Rohbins Charles, Providence, R. L 

Robbins Rev. Gurdon, Hartford, Ct. 

Rnbbius Rev. Gilbert, Keene, N. H. 

Robinson Rev. Ezekiel G., Cincinnati, O. 

Robinson George W., Boston, Ms. 

♦Robinson Guidon, Lebanon, Ct. 

Robinson Rev. Asa A., West Springfield, Ms. 

Robinson T. B., Levant, Me. 

Robinson Rev. Sam. .el, St. John's, N. B. 

Robinson Harvey, Cliicopee Falls, Ms. 

Robinson David, Portland, Me. 

Robinson Sylvtster, Wakefield, R. 1. 

Robinson Rev. Daniel, Hillsdale,N. Y. 

Robinson R. L., Portland, Me. 

Robinson Mrs. Harriet P., Cincinnati, O. 

Rockwood Rev. Joseph M.,Belchertown,MB. 

Rogers Rev. John, Paterson, N. J. 

Rogers Mrs. Elizabeth, Providence, R. I. 

Rogers John C. Deep River, Ct. 

Rogers Heniy H., Waterford, Ct. 

Posers Miss Eleanor F., Providence, Ct. 

Rollinson Rev. Wm., Racine, Wis. 

Ross John, Cherokee, C. N. 

Root Josiah G., Albany, N. Y. 

Rostan Miss Louise, New York city. 

Rouse Bcn.iamin, Cleveland, O. 

Rousey Rev. Louis, Grand Ligne, Canada. 

Roy Rev. W. A., Charlottesville, Va. 

Royce Rev.E., Bellevue, O. 

Royce Rev. Lorenzo D., Thomaston, Me. 

Rowan I'hineas, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rue Rev. Joshua E., Scotch Plains, N. J. 

Rugg Georee W., Worcester, Ms. 

RnnvonPcter P., New Brunswick, N. J. 

Run.yon Richard E., 

Russell Uuhbaid, Albany, N. Y. 

Ruth Isaac, Paoli, Pa. 

Sabin Rev. Alvah, Georgia, '^'t. 

Sabin Rev. R., Hunts' Hollow, N. Y. 

Sackctt Rev. .1. B., Kingsville, O. 

Sage Oren, Rochester, N. Y. 

Sage Wm. N., 

Sage Rev. O. N.. Cincinnati, O. 

SngeMis.E. B., " 

Sai lor John , Philadelphia , Pa. 

Salisbury Luther. Providence. R. I. 

Samson Rer. Hfor.,,. W , AV.,.|,ing:on. D. C. 

Sanborn Kiv.! ,i; :. , \\ ,i ilH>ro',Me. 

Sanderson Hr ; • ^ Ms. 

Sanderson I :- ' - nbornton, N.H, 

SandsEzi-a, I'liih-I'ii I i:,. I'a 
Sargent Rev. Aaron, VVithamsville, O. 



118 



Life Members of the Union. 



[May, 



Sargent Rev S. G., Frankfort, Me. 

SarL'cnt Kev. James, Grcentield, O. 

Sarles Rev. John Wesley, Jjiuoklyu, N. Y. 
■ Sailes Airs. J. VV., 

Savage Rev. Edward, I'itchburg, Ms. 

Savage Mrs. Sarah F., i itchburg, Ms. 

S.ivai.'e Moses 13., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Sawy'er Rev. Reuben, Chester, Vt. 

Sawyer Euoeh, Amesbury, Ms. 

Sawyer Rev Isaac, Nantucket, Ms. 

Sawyer Re\-. Conaiit, J ay, N. Y. 

Sawyer Kev. i:., SmiiliviUe, N. Y. 

Sawyer Amos, Salem, Ms. 

Sawyer :.irs. Hannah. " 

Sawyer Miss Mary, " 

Sawyer Mrs. Sarali A., Lancaster, Ms. 

Scholield Rev. James, Fresport, ill. 

Scott Rev. Jacob R., Portland, Me. 

Scott -Mrs. fliartha E., 

Scott Rev. James, Newburg, N. Y. 

Scribner David, Topsliam, Ale. 

Scarritt Rev. J. J., Flat Brook, N. Y. 

Sears Barnas, D. D., Newton, Ms. 

Sears Rev. Edward G.,New ilampton.N. H. 

Seaver Joseph H., Salem, Ma. 

Seaver Rev. Horace, Chelsea, Ms. 

Seavey Ebeu, Portland, Me. 

Seaverus Thomas, Brookline, Ms. 

Seccomb Edward R., " 

Setldinger Matthias, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Seddinger Mrs. Jane L., " 

Sedwick Rev. Wni., AdamsviUc, O. 

Sedwick Rev. G. C, Duncan's Falls, O. 
Seeley Jesse N., Keokuk, Iowa.. 

Seelcy Rev. John T., New York city. 

Shadraoh Rev. Wra., Lewisbiug, Pa. 
Shartracli Mrs. Mary, " 

Shailer Rev. Wm. H., Brookline, Ms. 

Siiailer Mrs. Elizabeth P., 

Shailer Hezekiah, " 

Shailer Rev. Nathan E., Deep River, Ct. 

Shailer Rev. Julius S., Roxbury, Ms. 

Shailer Rev. Simon, Haddam, Ct. 

Shailer Rev. IJavis T., North Becket.Ms. 

Shardlow Samuel, New York city. 

Sharp Daniel, D. D., Boston, Ms. 

Sharp Mrs. Ann, " 

Shaw Thomas, " 

Shaw Alpheus, Portland, Me. 

Shaw Rev. B. F., China, Me. 

Shaw Miss Harriet N., Providence, R. I. 

Shaw Mrs. Oliver, " 

Shaw Charles, " 

Shaw John, Slatersville, R. I. 

Sheardown Rev. Thomas S., N. Y. 

Shearer John, Victoria, P. O., Canada W. 

Shed Rev. Philander, Dundee, N. Y. 

Shed Ira, Arcade, N. Y. 

Sheldon Chauney, Suffield, Ct. 

Sheldon D. N., D. D., Waterville, Me. 

Sheldon Rev. Clesson P., Buttalo, N. Y. 

Sheldon Gaylor, Albany, N. Y. 

Sheldon Smith, 

Sheldon A., Adams, N. Y. 

•Sheldon Asa, Utica, N. Y. 

Shelton Mrs. Fanny, L!oston,Ms. 

Shepard Michael, Salem, Ma. 

Shepard Jonathan, Wrentham, Ms. 

Shepardson Rev. D., Cincinnati, O. 

Shepardson, Mrs. H. B., 

Shepherd Francis, Bangor, Me. 

Sheppai-d J. W., Cincinnati, O. 

Shermer Henry B., Philadelphia,Pa. 

Shermer Wm., Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sherwin Miss Miranda, Fitchburg, Ms. 

Slierwin Joseph, Boston, Ms. 

Sherwood Mrs. Lydia, Bridgeport, Ct. 

Shipley Simon G., Boston, Ms. 

Shipley Mrs. Abby C, Boston, Ms. 

Shook Rev. Cyrus, Kingston, N. Y. 

Shotwell Rev. Samuel R., Whitesboro', N. Y. 

Shotwell Rev. John M., Westmoreland, N. Y. 

Shuck Rev. J. Lewis, Shanghai, China. 

Shute Rev. Samuel M., Philadelphia, Fa. 

Sibley Rev. Clark, Harvard, Ms. 

Silliman Ezra, Bridgeport, Ct. 

Silliman Rev. 11., Erie, Pa., 

Simmons Rev. J. P., Cortlandville, N. Y. 

Simons Augustus, South New Berlin, N. Y. 

Simpson Daniel P.. Boston, Ms. 

Skeiding Arthur E., New York city. 

Skerry Robert, Salem, Ms. 

Skinner P. C. Windsor, Vt 

Skinner John P., " 

Skinner Mrs. J. P., « 

Skinner H. P., Hudson, N.Y. 

Skinner .lohn, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Skinner Rev. Henry C, Mauraee city, O. 

Slocum Alfred. Hamilton, N. Y. 

Small Rev. Daniel, Thomaston, Me. 

Smith Rev. S. F., Newton, Ms. 

Smith Mrs. S. P., 

Smith Rev. A. M., Hartford, Ct. 

Smith Mrs. Julia L., 

Smith Thomas P., Boston, Ms. 

Sn'.ith Benjamin, Washington, N. H. 

Smith John. Cincinnati, O. 

Smith Mrs. Catharine, Cincinnati, O. 



Smith John J., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Smith George W., Brainerd Bridge, N. Y. 

Smith Samuel, Piscataway, Md. 

Smith Rev. Francis, Providence, R. L 

Smith Pl.ilip, Fall River, Ms. 

Smith Rev. John, Chilicothe, O. 

Smith John H., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Smitli Eibridge, Cambridgeport, Ms. 

Smith Rev. N. W., Passumpsic, Vt. 

Smith Rev. Howell, Trumansburg, N. Y. 

Smith RuUin C, Detroit. Mich. 

Smith Rev. Eli B., D. D., New Hampton, I 

Smith Rev. Josiah T., Sandistield, Ms. 

Smith Rev. W. W., Jersey city, N. J. 

Sm'th Rev. Thomas, Jr., Newcastle, Ky. 

Smith Rev. H., Pike, N. Y. 

Smith Wm. T., Cleveland, O. 

Smith John L., Voluntown, Ct. 

Smith Rev. L., Essex, N. Y. 

Smith Elijah F., Rochester, N. Y. 

Smith N., Calais, Me. 

Smith Benjamin, Boston, Ms. 

Smith Rev. C. Billings, Maiden, Mb. 

Smith Mrs. Abigail W., " 

Smith Rev. Joseph, Woonsockct, R. I. 

Smith Rev. Levi, Ira, Vt. 

Smith Samuel K., Portland, Me. 

Smith James Wheaton, Newton, Ms. 

Smith Chauney G., Harttbrd, Ct. 

Smith Waldo W., Chicago, III. 

Smith Henry N., Chatham, N. Y. 

Smith Gurdon, Essex, Ct. 

Smith Rev. Wm. S., Oxford, N. Y. 

Smitii Rev, Alex., Camillus, N, Y. 

Smitli Richard. Madison, N. Y. 

Smith Rev. Justin A., Rochester, N. Y. 

Smith John Englesh, New York city. 

Smitzer Kev. John, Manlius, N. Y. 

Smitzcr Mrs. Jilary H., " 

Snow Zonas, Chelsea, Ms. 



Solomon George I. 

Sommers Rev. Charles G., New York city. 

Sommers Thomas S., " 

Soulden William, Albany, N. Y. 

Sourhworth James E., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Spalding Amos Fletcher, Boston, Ms. 

Spalding Amos, Billerica, Ms. 

Spalding Mrs. Mary, " 

Spalding Benjamin, Boston, Ms. 

Spalding Mrs, Sarah, " 

Spaulding Rev. Royal C, Houlton, Me. 

Spear Abraham, Palmyra, N. Y. 

Spear Rev. Philetus B., Hamilton, N. Y. 

Spear Mrs. Clarissa, Fairport, N. Y. 

Speir John, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Spelman S., Granville, O. 

Spence John, Boston, Ms. 

Spence Rev. George S. G., Augusta, Me. 

Spence Mrs. Abby R., 

Spencer Rev. Wm. H.,New York city. 

Spencer Rev. Horace, Avoca, N. Y. 

Sperry Rev. Obed, Romulus, N. Y. 

Spink N. N., Wickford, R. I. 

Sprague Rev. B. D., Bath, O. 

Spratt Rev. George M., Fairport, N. Y. 

Sproul Rev. Samuel, Bordentown, N. J. 

Staekpole Reuben M., Roxbury, Ms. 

Stanly D. G., Marietta, O. 

Stan wood Rev. Henry, Rush, N. Y. 

Staples Charles, Portland, Me. 

Starks Israel, Sweden, N. Y. 

Stathem D. E., Cheviot, O. 

Steadman Ezra, Owego, N. Y. 

Stearns George W., Brookline, Ms. 

Stearns Rev. John G., Reed's Corner,N. Y. 

Stearns Rev. Myron N., West Plattsburg, N. Y 

Stearns Rev. O. O., Manchester, N.H. 

Stearns Rev. Oakman S., Southbridge, Ms. 

Stebbins Rev. James H., Phelps, N.Y. 

St. Clair Rev. C. P., Cooper. Me. 

Stedman Henry, Wilmington, Del. 

Steinmets Adam, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Stelie Rev. Lewis F., Herbertsville, N. J. 

Stelle Peter R., New Brunswick, N. J. 

Stelie Bergen, " 

Stephens Samuel, Eastport, Me. 

Stevens Rev. Luther Carey, West Jefferson, Ma 

Stevens Rev. E. A., Maulmain, Burmah. 

Stevens Rev. John, Cincinnati, O. 

Stevens Mrs. M. A., " 

Steven.s Gilbert, Deep River, Ct. 

Steward Rev. Ira R., New York city. 

Steward Rev. David, North Newport, Me, 

Stites Rev. Searins, Trenton, N. J. 

Still man O. M., Westerly, R. I. 

Stilson Wm., .Meredith, N. Y. 

Stillwell Samuel S., Providence, R. 1. 

Stillwell Albert G., Providence R. L 

Stilson Nathan, I ranklin, N. Y. 

Stilson Mrs. Sophia, West Meredith, N. Y. 

Stimson Rev. Hiram K., Wheatland, N. Y. 

Stimson Rev. S. M., Batavia, N. Y. 

Stockbridge Rev. John C, Woburn, Ms. 

Stockbridge Rev. Joseph N., XI. S. Navy. 

•Stockbridge Wm., North Yarmouth, Me. 

Stoddard Rev. Ira J., Nowgong, Assam. 



1850.] 



Life Members of the Union, 



119 



Stoddard Thomas P., New York city. 
Stone Eben, Newton, Ms. 
Stone Josiah, Watertown, Ma. 
Stone Daniel, Worcester, iMs. 
Stone Rer. Marsena, Norwich, N. X. 
Stone Rev. J. A. B., Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Stone Rev. James R., New York city. 
Stone Rev. Luther, Chicago, lU. 
Stone Ephraim, M. D., Boston, Ms. 
Stone Mrs. Susan P. ^ 

Stone WilUara P., Owego, N. Y. 
Stone Mrs. Damaris, Swanzey, N. U. 
Stone Jacob T., Homer, N. Y. 
Storer Rev. Joseph, Hudson, N.H. 
Story Simeon N., Worcester, Ms 
Stout George H., New Brunswick, N. J. 
Stout Rev. D. B., Middletown, N. J. 
Stout Abrara, Hobokcn, N. J. 
Stout Charles B., New York city. 
Stoutenborough Alfred, Paterson, N. J. 
Stow Rev. Baron, D. D., Boston, Ms. 
Stow Mrs. Elizabeth L., " 
Stow Rev. Phineas, '• 

Slow Rev. Wm., Charlestown, Ms. 
Stowell Rev. A. H., Saratoga feprmgs.N. Y. 
Stowell Rev. A. B., Factory viUe,N. Y. 
Stowell Nathaniel, Worcester, Ms. 
Strong Alvah, Rochester, N.Y. 
Stubbert Rev. W. F., South Abmgton, M* 
Sturdevant Lewis J. , Portlar d, Ale. 
Sumner Geo. O., M. D., New Haven, Ct 
Sunderlin Rev. Alonzo W., Penn \ an, N. Y. 
Sutherland Rev. Simon, Starkey, N. Y. 
Suydam S., Dayton, O. 
Swaim Rev. Samuel B., Worcester, Ms. 
Swaira Thomas, Pemberton, N. J. 
Swaim Mrs. Mary, Pemberton, N. J. 
Swaim Rev. Thomas, Jr., Washington, Pa. 
Swain Rev. A. M., Brentwood, N. H. 
Swallow Wm., * lemington, N. J. 
Swan Rev. J. S., New London, Ct. 
Swartwout Peter, Half JNIoon, N. Y. 
Sweet Rev. Joel, Berwick, III. 
Swick Rev. B. R., Bath, N. Y. 
Sj-kes Rev. James N., Chelsea, Ms. 
Sylvtster John. Wiscasset, Me. 
Sym Rev. Wm., Russelville, Ky. 
• Svraonds James M., Amesbury, Ms. 
Taggart Rev. Joseph W., New Y'ork city. 
Tafmadge Mrs. Julia M., " 

Tapley Joseph, Lowell, Ms. 
Taylor Rev. Alfred H., Wickford, R. I. 
Taylor Rev. E. E. L., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Taylor Isaac E., New York City. 
Taylor Stephen W., Lewisburg, Pa. 
Taylor Rev. O. D., Webster, N. Y. 
Taylor Rev. Thomas R., Camden, N. J. 
Taylor Rev. Wm., Schoolcraft, Mich. 
Tayler Jeremiah B., New York city. 
Taylor Rev. David, Ovid, N. Y. 
Teasdale Rev. Thomas C, Springfield, III, 
Teasdalc Rev. John, Stanliope, N. J. 
Teeple Rev. J. J., Morrisville, N. Y'. 
Teftt Hannah, Green wich, N . Y. 
Tenbrook Rev. Andrew, Ann Arhor,Mion. 
Tennv Charles, South Chili, N. Y. 
Terrv Samuel H., New York city. 
Thayer Eli, Worcester, Ms. 
Thayer William, Chicopee, Ms. 

Thomas Thomas, New York city. 

Thomas Mrs. Isabella, " 

Thomas Cornelius W., " 

Thomas Mrs. JIargaret I., " 

Thomas Augustus, " 

Thomas Miss Fanny M. " 

Thomas Miss Anna, " 

Thomas Mrs. Catharine, " 

Thomas Augustus Henry, " 

Thomas John, Cincinnati, O. 

Thomas Nathan, New Haven, Ct 

Thomas W. P., East Avon, N. Y. 

Thomas Rev. Cornelius A., Brandon, vt. 

Thompson Rev. Charles, Winchester, 111. 

Thompson Mrs. Huldah E., New London, Ct. 

Thorn John, Utica, N. Y. 

Threslier Rev. E.. Dayton, 0. 

Thresher Mrs. Elizabeth F., Dayton, 0. 

Thurber Charles, Worcester, Ms. 

Thurber Mrs. Abigail, " 

Thurber Mrs. Lucinda A., " 

Thurber Marion Frances, " 

Ticknor Wm. D., Boston, Ms. 

Tidd John, Wohurn, Ms. 

Tiebout Adam T., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Tilley Rev. William, Sidney, Me. 

Tillinghast Jefferson, Norway, N. Y. 

Tilton Rev. Josiah H., Holden, Ms. 

Tillinghast Charles E., Providence, K. 1. 

Tindall Samuel, Wilmington, Del. 

Tingley Rev. Timothv C, West Wrentham, Ms. 

Tingley Mrs. Nancy B. " 

Tisdale Robert, New Corydon, la 

Tobev Rev. Zalmon, Pawtucket, K- L 

Todd Wm. W., New York city. 

Todd Mrs. Maria C, 

ToddWm.J., " 

Todd James L., " 

10 



Todd Miss Sarah, New York city, 
Tolan Rev. W. B., Morristown, N. J. 
Tolman Rev. John N., Carrolton, HI. 
Tolman Thomas, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Tonkin Rev. Henry, Wilton, N. H. 
Torbett Rev. A. My Medina, C. H., O. 
Townsend James H., New Y^orkcity. 
Townsend Palmer, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Townsend Ashly , Pavilion Centre , N. Y. 
Tozier Reuben , Fairfield. 5Ie. 
Tracy Rev. Oren, Athol, Ms. 
Tracy Rev. Leonard, New Hampton, N. H. 
Train Rev. Arthur S., Haverhill, INIs. 
Trask Rev. Enos, Nobleboro', Me. 
Trask Rev. Ebenr. G., Guilford, Me. 
Tremain Porter, Fayetteville, N. Y. 
Trevor Samuel, Cincinnati, 0. 
Trevor John B., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Trevor John B., Jr., " 
Trowbridge Samuel, Newton Centre, Ms. 
Truman Edward D., Owego, N. Y. 
Tryon Mrs. Eveline, Ballston Spa, N. Y. 
Tucker Rev. Charles, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Tucker Elisha, D. D., Chicago, IlL 
Tucker Mrs. Elisha, " 

Tucker Levi, M. D., Boston, Ms. 
Tucker Mrs. Jeannette L., " 
Tucker Rev. Alanson, Adrian, Mich. 
Tucker Rev. Silas, Napierville, 111. 
Tucker J., Henry, Cumberland, Md. 
Tucker Elisha, Middleboro', Ms. 
Tufts Mrs. Mary, Fitchburg, Ms. 
Tufts Otis, Boston, Ms. 
Turn bull Rev. Robert, Hartford, Ct. 
Turner Alfred R., Boston, Ms. 
Turney Rev. Edmund, Utica, N. Y. 
Turton Rev. Wm. H., Elizabethtown, N. J. 
Tuslin Rev. Josiah P., Warren. R. I. 
Tustin Thomas, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Tustin John, " 

Tustin Rev. W. H., Newark, N. J. 

Tuxburv Isaac, Amesbury, Ms. 

Twiss Rev. D. F., Dickertow n , N. J. 

Twiss Rev. John S., Union city, Mich. 

Tyler Duty S., North Adams, Ms, 

Tyler Blinn, Essex, Ct. „ 

XJnderhill Peter S., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

TJpham Joshua, Salem, Ms. 

Uphnm Rev. James, New Hampton, N. H. 

TTpham Rev. WiUard P., Cherokee, C. N. 

Upton James, Salem, Ms. 

Upton Rev. John, W eare, N. H. 

Upton David P., Roxbury, Ms. 

Underbill Edward B., London, England. 

Valentine D. T., New York city. 

Valputine Elmer, Northboro', Ms. 

Valentine Elijah F., Cambridge, Ms. 

Van Buien, J. B., Hudson, N. Y. 

Van De Boe Adam, Claverack, N. Y. 

Vanderlip George M., >. ew \ ork city. 

Vandewerken Elbridge, " 

Van Giezen Henry, Patterson, N. J. 

Van Housen Rev. .1. B., Broom, N. Y. 

Van Husen Theodore, Albany, N. Y. 

Van HuEen Mrs. Joanna B.,LeRoy,N. Y. 

Van Meter Rev. Henry L., Sandoway, 

Vassar jMatthew, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Vansomerin George, Madras, India. 

A'^errinder Rev. Wm., Jersey City, N. J. 

Vinal Albert. Cambridge, Ms. 

Vinal Mrs. Albert, '^ 

Vincent Joseph R., Westerly, R. I. 

Vinton Rev. J. H., Maulmain, Burmah. 

Vinion Mrs. CalistaH., " 

Voeell Rev. H. C.,Rome,N. Y. 

Vrooman Rev. J. B., Clyde, N. Y. 

Wade Rev. Jonathan, Maulmain, Burmah. 

Wade Mrs. Deborah B. L., " 

Wade Amasa, Ontario, N. Y. . „ . , „ 

Wadsworth Rev. Samuel, North Fairfield, O. 

Wakefield Terence, Boston, Ms. 

Wakefield John, East Thomaston, Me. 

Wakeman Rev. L. H. 

Walden Rev. J. H.. Portsmouth, O. 

Walden Mrs. Clarissa L., " 

Walker Samuel, Roxbury, Ms. 

WalkerRev. John,BarTe, Ms. 

Walker Rev. Obed, Waldohoro', Me. 

Walker Rev. Wm. C, Jlvstic, Ct. 

Walker Jane P., Central Falls, R.I. 

Walker Rev. Joseph, Fairmont, Va. 

Wal'.cer Samuel T., Marcus Hook, Pa. 

Wallace Thomas, New York city. 

Walraven Lewis Y., Philade'phia, Fn. 

Walter Rev. John P., Dover, Del. 

Walton Joseph B., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ward Walter, " 

Ward Andrew, Salem, Ms. 

Ward Israel, Jr., " 

Ward Uzal D., New York city. 

Ward William, Assam. 

Ward George, Middleboro', Ms. 

Ward Mrs. Caroline, " 

Wardner Rev. Chauncy, Covert, N. Y. 
Wadsworth Joseph, Becket, Ms. 
Wame Rev. Joseph A., Frankford, Pfc 
Warner Calvin, Tioy, N. Y. 



120 



Life Members of the Union. 



"Warner James, Zanesville, O. 

Warren Charles, Worcester, Ms. 

Warren Rev. Benjamin, Ransomville, N. Y. 

Warren Edward, fall River, Ms. 

Warren Rev, John, Carmel, N. Y. 

Warren Rev. John, Jr., Fishkill, N. Y. 

Warreo Rev. Jonah G., Troy, N. Y. 

Warren Mrs. J. G., Troy, N. Y. 

Warriuer Rev. Norman, Harding, IlL 

Washburn Rev. Job, Thomaston, Me. 

Washburn Henry S., Worcester, Ms. 

Waterbury Nathaniel, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Waterhouse J. W., Portland, Sle. 

Waterman Caleb, Coventry, R. L 

Waters Moses, LowvUle, N. Y. 

Watrouse Rev. A. D., , Ct. 

WntsonRev.R. y., Hancock, Me. 
Wattson Thomas, Philadelnliia. Pa. 
Wattson Mrs. Mary, " 
!W»y'and Rev. F.', Saratoga, N. Y. 
Way and Rev. Francis, D. D., Providence, K. I. 
Wayland Mrs . H. S., H., " 

Wayland H. Lincoln, Providence, R. I. 
Way and Francis, Jr., Providence, R. I. 
Wayland Miss Ann E., Saratoga, N. Y. 
Weatherby Miss Mary, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Weatherby Rev. Jeremiah, Conneaut, O. 
Weaver Rev. Charles S., Voluntown, Ct. 
Weaver W. A., New London, Ct. 
Weaver IN ehemiah K., Woon socket, R. L 
^ebb Rev G. S., Philadelphia, Pa. 

S^''^ ?/'"• ^^•"- ^'■' J-yons, N. Y. 

Webb Moses F., New Brunswick, N. J. 
Webb Rev. J. N., Ogdensburgh, N. Y 
Webb Mary, Boston, Ms. 
Webb Daniel, Le Roy, N. Y. 
Webster Rev. Silas B., Norwalk, O. 
Weckerly Daniel, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Wedge Rev. Albert, PenUletou, la. 
Wedgewood Rev. John M., Stratham, N. H. 
Weed Monroe, Hamilton, N. Y. 
Weeden Stephen R., Providence, R. I. 
Weeks Charles, Hartford, Ct. 
Welch Rev. James E., Mo. 
Welch Rev. B. T., D. D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Welch Mary A., • " 

Weld Nathaniel, Jamaica Plains, Ms. 
Wellington Isaac, N. Troy, N. Y. 
Welsh Kev. John C, Providence.E. L 
Wescott Rev. Isaac, Stillwater, N. Y. 
Wetmore Ebenezer B., Worcester, Ms. 
West John, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
West Rev. Hezekiah, Mecklenberg, N. Y. 
Weston Rev. Henry G., Peoria, 111. 
Weston Rev. Rodolphus, Carthage, Dl. 
Wheaton J. B., Columbus, O. 
Wheaton Rev. Wm. S., Cincinnati, O. 
Wheeler Nelson, Worcester, Ms. 
Wheeler Rev. O. C, Calilbmia. 
Wheeler Rev. Benjamin, Plaistow, N. H. 
Wheeler James P., Eastporf, Me. 
Wheeler Abijah, Cleveland, O. 
Wheeler George C, Penn Yan N. Y. 
Wheeler Jesse, Watertown, Ms. 
Wheelock Rev. Alonzo. Elbridge, N. Y. 
Wheelock Dwight, Boston, Ms. 
Whipple John G., New York city. 
White Daniel, Charlestown, Ms. 
White Roxana, " 

White Samuel K., " 
White Daniel F., '• 
White Josiah J., " 

White Sampson, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
White Rev. Samuel, Staten Island, N.Y. 
White Ebenezer Davis, Newton, Ms. 
White Thomas, Philadelphia, Pa. 
White Mrs. Mary, 
White Moses, Cleveland, O. 
White John D., Marcus Hook, Pa. 
White Heman L., Roxbury, Ms. 
White J. C, Bangor, Me. 
White Rev. J., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
White Thomas P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
White Rev. William, Haysville,0. 
Whiting Rev. Samuel M., Sibsagor, Assam. 
Whitman Mrs. Emily, Hartford, Ct. 
Whitman Rev. Seth S., Belvidere, 111. 
Whitman Hiram, " 

Whitney Rev. L., Greenfield, O. 
Whitney E. S., New York city. 
Whitney Raymond, Bridgeport, Ct. 
Whittemore Asa D., Worcester, Ms. 
Whittcmore A. M., Essex, Ct. 
Whittier Leonard, Haverhill, Ms. 
Wiggin Kev. John W., Manchester, N. Y. 
Wight Leonard B., Wales, Ms. 
Wilber Rev. O., South Richland, N. Y. 
Wilber Curtis, Troy, N. Y. 



Wilbur H. R., Boston, Ms. ' 

Wilcox Rev. James F., Springfield, Ms. 

Wilder J. N., Rochester, N. Y. 

Wilder Delia, 

Wilder Rev. L., Berlinville, O. 

Wildman Rev. Nathan. Labanon, Ct. 

Wiley James, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Wilkms Rev. Stephen, N. Y. 

Wilkinson Christopher, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Willard Rev. George A., Compton, R I. 

Willard Levi. 

Willard Rev. C. M.,Fitzwilliam, N. H. 

Willard Rev. Benjamin, Wilbraham. Mj. 

Willard Lucius A., Providence, R. L 

Willey James, Concord, N. H. 

Willet Rev. Charles, New London, Ct. 

Williams Rev. Wm. R., D. D., New York city. 

Wilhams Wm., New York city. 

Williams Rev. Gibbon, " 

Williams Rev. Benjamin S., N. Y. 

Williams John M. S., Vvorcester, Ms. 

Williams Rev. N. W., Hampden, Me. 

Williams Rev. N. M., Saco, Me. 

Williams Rev. S., Pittsburg, Pa. 

Williams Rev. A., PainsviUe, O. 

Williams Walter S., Hartford, Ct. 

Williams Richard P., Essex, Ct., 

Williams Mis. Louisa, " 

Williams Rutus, Jewett city, Ct. 

Wilson Miss Siary B. 

Wilson Francis N., Catskill, N. Y. 

Wilson James, New York city. 

Wilson Rev. Adam, Portland, Me. 

Wilson Rev. William V., Key Port, N. J. 

Wilson D. M., Newark, N. J. 

Wilson Mrs. Hannah M., Newark, N. J. 

Wilson Henrietta, " 

Wilson Clement A., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Wilson Rev. Charles E., Bridgeton, N. J. 

Wilson Rev. Joseph, Waldoboro', Me. 
Wilson Rev. Franklin, Baltimore, Md. 
Wilmarth Rev. I. M., Grafton, Vt. 
Winans E., Lima, N. Y. 
Winchell Rev. R.,Lockport, N. Y. 
Winchell Miss Ann, New York city. 
Winegar Rev. Reuben, RensselaerviUe,N. Y. 
Wines Rev. Wm. H., Albany, N, Y. 
Wing John, Hartford, Ct. 
Winship Joseph, " 
WinsorMiss Susan, Providence, R. I. 
Winter Rev. Thomas. Roxborough, Pa. 
Winter Rev. J., Massillon, O. 
Winter Rev. E. T. 
Winterton Wm., New York city. 
Wicherbee J. B., Jamaica Plains, Ma. 
Withington Elijah, New York city. 
Withington Mrs. Mary, " 
Wolcott Epaphras, Rochester, N. Y. 
Wood Ephraim, Camden, Me. 
Wood Daniel, Labanon, Me. 
Wood Rev. N. N., Johnstown, O. 
Wood Rev. N. Milton, Bloomfield, Me. 
Wood Joseph T., Middleboro', Ms. 
Wood Mrs. Caroline L., Bloomfield, Me. 
Woodbury William W., Suffield, Ct. 
Woodin Rev. Peter, Ostrego, N. Y. 
Woodman Joshua. Cornville, Me. 
Woodman Mrs. Sarah, " 
Woods Alva, D. D., Providence, R. I. 
Woodward Calvin, Taunton, Ms. 
Woodward Rev. Jonas, Peniield, N. Y. 
Woodwarth James S., Worce.ster, Ms. 
Woodworth Wm., Lafayette, la. 
Woolcott Mrs. Naomi, Sochester, N. Y. 
Woolsey Rev. James J., Norfolk, Ct. 
Wooster Rev. Henry, Deep River, Ct 
Worden Rev. J. B., Jackson, Pa. 
Work Rev. Perley, Sheboigan, Wis. 
Worrell George P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Worth Rev. Edmund, Fisherville.N. H. 
Wright Miss H. E. T., Burmah. 
Wright Rev. Lyman, Faj etteville, N.Y. 
Wright Eber,Cabotville, Ms. 
Wriaht Rev. Thomas G., Claremont, N. H. 
Wyckotf Wm. H., New York city. 
WyckotfMrs. Sarah, 
Wyckoff George " 

Wyckoff John N., Brooklvn, N. Y. 
WyckoflRev. Cornelius P., Auburn, N. Y. 
Yeomans Henry P., Providence, E. I. 
Yeomans Miss Mary A. B., Providence, R. I. 
York Charles, Norwich, N. Y. 
York John, Zante, Ionian Islands. 
Young Edwin, Philadelphia. Pa. 
Young John C, New York city. 



HISTOHY OF 

AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONS, 

IN ASIA, AFRICA, EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA. 

BY WILLIAM GAMMELL, A.M.. 
With Seven Maps. 12mo. Price Seventy-five Cents. 

TESTIMONY OF MISSIONARIES IN TAVOR OF THK AV-^OKK. 

The publishers have been favored with the following highly commendatory letters 
from missionaries, who have been long in the field, and are presumed to be better ac- 
quainted with the subject and capable of judging of the accuracy of the work, than 
other individuals. Their unequivocal testimony to the fidelity of the work must be grati- 
fying to every well-wisher of the cause, and commend it to the attention of all interested 
in the cause of missions. 

Since the return of Messrs. Osgood and Vinton, they have, in varioixs ways, been 
serving the interests of the Board, especially in the circulation of the History, deeming 
it an efficient instrument in promoting their benevolent designs. 

[From Rev. J. II. Vinton, of the Maulraaln and Karen Mission.] 

I am so much interested in the circulation of Prof. Gammell's History of Missions, 
that I am resolved to give away every fifth copy. I cannot aftbrd to make any profit 
in the sale of such a work. It is, as a whole, the most reliable- History of the Missions 
I have ever read, and could it be put in the hands of over;,': ii^n iri the denomination, 
you might then almost dispense -with all other agencies, exce^T^he INIagazine and Mace- 
donian, which would still be needed, as a continuation of the History so well begun. 
[From Hey. S. M. Osgood, of tbu Rurmati Slii^sion.] 

Accompanying is an order for One Hundred and Fifty copies of Prof. Gammell's 
History of American Baptist Missions. I read this History \A'ith great interest imme- 
diately after its publication, and having been for more than twelve years connected with 
the Mission iT«,Burmah, am happy to be able to bear decided testimony to its authenticity, 
so far as my obsei'vation extends. I am also highly gratified with its adaptation to the 
wants of the denomination in this department of literature. We have long needed just 
such a work — a work not onlj' intrinsically valuable as a Hiistory, but written in a style 
sufficiently attractive to ensure its being read, not only by I'astors, but by the members 
of our Church, and friends of Missions, young and old. I am happy to be able to say, that 
within the circle of my acquaintance, the History meets Avith general favor, and I sincere- 
ly hope that its circulation may be gi-eatly extended. I have already disposed of nearly 
Four Hundred and Fifty copies, and shall continue to interest iriyself in its circulation. 
[From Rev. E. Kincaid.] 

As I have labored more or less at all the stations in Binmah, not ohly at liangoon 
and Ava, but also in the Tenasserim and Arracan Provinces, I could not but admire tlg^,^-. 
singular accuracy with which all the leading facts of these Missions are detailed in Prof.' 
Gammell's History of American Baptist Missions. I have not found a single error of any 
importance. I hope our religioiis papers will n.ot fail to let this worlc be kno^vn among 
the churches. It furnishes the information so much needed. 

[From the Rev. J. "Wade, of the Burman Mission.] 

So far as I have examined Gammell's History, I can most cordially recommend it 
to the public as being a very truthful and well written work. 

Availing myself of occasional opportunities to peruse it, I selected those chapters 
which treat of the Missions with which I am personally acquainted, and Avas delighted 
to find nothing on which the reader might not rely as being substantially correct. 1 
consider it an excellent work. 

[From tlie Baptist Magazine.] 

We welcome with unfeigned pleasure this new contribution to the literatxire of 
(Jhristian Missions. For its plan and execution, and for the interest which it gathers 
around subjects in themselves deeply interesting and truly sxrblime, it will be attractive 
no less to the readers of general literatixre, than those who approve and love the work 
of missions. The author relates the history of the several missions in his own Avords, 
presenting a concise and luminous nan-ative of each. The volume is written in an easy 
and elegant style, and is worthy of the high station and name of the author. 
[From the N. Y. Recorder.] 

Prof. Gammell is a writer of rare taste. The preparsition of such a Avork could not 
have fallen into better hands. The reader is borne along from chapter to chapter Avith 
a narrative which Avhile it fully satisfies his desire to knoAV, commends itself as fentircly 
truthful and trustworthy. The facts recorded are as carefully stated, as the style of 
the work is chastened and pure. No Baptist family should be Avithout it. 

^W TJie worJc is printed in- handsome style, and sold at the very loio price of 75 cents jKr 
copy. Pastors, agents and others v:ho nint/ cnyafje in its circulation, will be supplied on very 
Ulyernl terms hi/ the dozen or hundred. 

GOULD, KENDALL, & LINCOLN, 

59 Wasuinoton Street, Boston.