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January 15 and 16, 1884. 

washington city : 

Colonization Building, 450 Pennsylvania Avenue, 




The American Colonization Society. 


PresttUni>-lion. John H. B. Latrobk. 
Secretary and Treasurer.-— W 11.1.1 AH CoPPINGER. 


Harvey Lindsly, M. D., LL. D.. Chairman. 
Hon. Peter Parker, Rev. Thomas G. Addison, D. D. 

Judge Charles C. Nott, Rev, Byron Sunderland, D. D 

Reginald Fendall, Esq^ Judge AlexAndkr R Hagner. 


I give and bequeath to The American Colonization Society 
the sum of dollars. 

(If the bequest is of personal or real estate so describe it thai it 
can be easily identified). t 


So numerous have the applications become, that The American 
Colonization Society will hereafter give the preference, all other 
things being equal, to those who will pay a part of the cost of their 
passage and settlement in Liberia. Persons wishing to remove 
to that Republic should make application, giving their name, age and 
circumstances, addressed to William Coppinger, Secretary and Treas- 
urer, Colonization Rooms, Washington, D. C. 


The American Colonization Society is ready to receive, in- 
vest and set apart, for the promotion of common-school education in 
Liberia, all such sum or sums of money as may be given or bequeath- 
ed to it for that purpose. 

Funds for Liberia College may be remitted to Charles E. 
Stevens, Esq., Treasurer, No. 40 State Street, Boston. The best form 
of donations and bequests is "The Trustees of Donations for 
Education in Liberia." 





January 15 and 16. 1 884 . 



J /f <^ f 

Hami'Ton, Va. 

American Colonization Society. 







Hon. Henry A. Foster, N. Y. 1874. 

Hon. James Garland, \'ir(,'inia. 1874. 

Thomas R. Hazard, Esq., R. I. 1875. 

Rev. Robert Ryland, D. D... Ky. 1875. 
Hon. Frederick P. Sunton, D. C. 1876. 
Hon. Horatio Seymour, N. Y. 1876. 

Rev. Bishop M. Simpson. D. D., Pa 1876. 
Rev. James C. Finley, Illinois. 1877. 

Hon. Joseph B. Crockett. Cal. 1877. 

Hon. Henry M. Scheiffehn, N. V. 1877. 
Rev. J. Maclean.D. D. LL D.. N. J. 1878. 
Hon. James R. Doolittle, Wis. 1878. 

Samuel A. Crozer. Esq ., Pa. 1S80. 

Hon. Fred. T. Frelinghuysen, N. J. 1880. 
Rev. S. Irenaeus Prime, D. D.,N.Y. 1881. 
Robert Arthington, Esq., England. 1882. 
Rev. Edward P. Humphrey, D. D.Ky. 1S84. 
Harvey Lindsly.M. D., LL. D.,D. C. 1884. 
Rev. Bishop R. S. Foster, D.D., Mass. 1884. 
Rt. Rev. Wm. B. Stevens, D. D.,Pa. 1884. 

Hon. Eli K. Price, Pennsylvania. 
Ri. Rev. Gregory T. Bedell,D. D., O. 
Rt. Rev. M. A. DeW. Howe,D.D.,Pa. 
Samuel K. Wilson, Esq., N. J. 
Rev. Samuel E. Appleton, D. D. Pa. 
Rev. Jabez P. Campbell, D. D., Pa. 
Rev. H. M.Turner,D. D.,LL. D,Ga. 
Prest E. G. Robinson, LL. D.,R. I. 
Rev. Joseph F. Elder, D. D., N. Y., 
Rev. William E. Schenck, D. D., Pa. 
Hon. Richard W. Thompson, Ind. 
Admiral Robert W. Shufeldt, D. C. 
Francis T. Iving, Esq., Maryland. 
Rev. Sam'l D. .\lexander, D. D.,N. Y. 
Rev. Bishop H. W. Warren, D.D.Ga- 
Henry G. Marquand, Esq., N. Y. 
Rev. George D.Boardman, D.D., Pa. 
Rev. Bishop E.G. Andrews, D.D.D.C. 
Rev. Edward W. Blyden.D.D Liberia. 
Rev. Otis H. Tiffany, D. D.,N. Y 

The fig^ures before each name indicate the year of first elec 


LIFE niRinoRS. 

1S40. Thomas R. Hazard, Esq R. /. 'So. CHAkLKS H. Nichols, M.D V. K. 

1851. Rer. John Maclean, D.D. LL.D.. .v. 7. 1369. Rev. S. Iren.i-us ?r[mf. D. D. .V. V. 

1352. James Hall. M. D Md. 1S70. Daniel Price, Esq .V. J. 

1853. Alexa.nder DiNCAN, Esq R.l. iS;!. Rev. William H. Steele, D. D. A^. 7. 

1864. Alexander Guy, M.D Ohio. 1371. Ri. Rev. H. C. Potter, D. D..A^.K. 

i368. Edward Coles, Esq Pa 187!. Rev. Gkorge W.Samson, D. D. .(V.K. 

1869. Rev. JusEPH F. Ti TTLK, D. D InJ. 1878. Rev. Edw'd W. Appleton, D. D., Pa. 

iS8v Rev. Iambs Sali . D. D., Pti. 

r)ELKG.\TKS FOR 1884. 

Penn^ma *ma Coi.^Nr/ATo.v SotiEi\ Rcv. .■^;iimicl F. Applelon. I). D.. Rev. William 
K. Schcnck, D. D.. Rev Wilbur F. F.icldock. U. P.. Rev. Edward W. Syle. D. D., Edward 
-S. Morris, Es.) . John Welsh Dulles. Esq. 

Sixty-Seventh Annual Report. 

Presented January IS, 1884. 

The Amf.rican Coloxizaiion Society, at the threshold of its 
Sixty-Seventh Annual Report, records the chasm which death has 
made in the ranks of its Vice-Presidents within the year. 


1. Hon. William E. Dodoe, of New York, elected in i860, was 
among the early friends of the Society, and throughout his more than 
half a century of eminently energetic and successful business life, 
kept up an active practical interest in its work. His earnest solicitude 
for the salvation of souls and the elevation of humanity was bounded 
by no sect and limited to no race, and his heart and parse were open 
and his tongue was ready to speak for any and every good cause. He 
leaves behind him the blessed memory of the just. 

2. Hon. LuciL'.^ O. C. Elmer, of New Jersey, elected in 1813, 
was an able advocate and liberal supporter of African Colonization. 
Of great modesty, courteous and congenial above most men, he had 
the respect of all classes of the people to an extent rarely equaled. 
Acts of benevolence marked his pathway through his protracted and 
distinguished career. 

3. Judge G. Washingion Warren, of Massachusetts, elected 
in 1879. manifested his interest in the various ways open to a public 
spirited citizen. At our Fifty-Sixth and Sixty-Third Anniversaries 
he delivered addresses marked by the breadth of research, closeness 
of reasoning, strength of argument, and force of appeal that were so 
characteristic of the man. These addresses rank among the most 
valuable in the long series wherewith learned, eloquent and Godly 
men have enriched the Society's annals. A member of the Board of 
Trustees of Donations for Education in Liberia, President of the 
Massachusetts Colonization Society, and a frequent Delegate in the 
Board of Directors of this Society, Judge Warren will be greatly 
missed, and his bright example will long abide in grateful remem- 

All honor to the memory of those whose years of strength have 
been given to God, and whose old age is mellow with the spirit of 
Christ and the hope of life eternal. 



The receipts during the year i88} have been :— 

Donations $8,40950 

Legacies 2,65480 

Emigrants in aid of passage 53600 

Education in Liberia 1,018 40 

Other sources 1,475 17 

Receipts 14.09187 

Halance I January, 1383 ''•-465 

Making the resources M.;7f'' 5^ 

The disbursements have been i'^-798 oe 

Balance 31 December, 1883 $ 3.97I 50 

The Pennsylvania Colonization Society, with a liberality worthy 
of the character of its members and meriting our highest praise, has 
contributed during the past twelvemonth $3,600 toward the passage 
and settlement of emigrants. 


The bark Monrcnua, which was stated in our last Report to have 
sailed November 1. arrived out safely. Her passengers landed on the 
morning of December 18. and later in the day embarked on the river 
steamer St. Paul's for Brewerville, where preparations had been made 
for their settlement. 

Our customary Spring expedition was unavoidably delayed until 
July 16, when the bark Montin-i'a left New York with twenty-two 
emigrants, and the Fall expedition, comprising twenty-one emi- 
grants, was sent by the same vessel from New York, December i. 
These people, a selection from many applicants, removed from the 
following named places, viz. : Hyde Park, Mass., i: Richmond. Va., 
i; Indian Ridge, 12; Winfall, 6, and Charlotte, N. C, i; Grarigers- 
ville, Geo., i ; Montgomery, Ala., 7: Edwards, Miss., i : Little Rock. 
Ark., 3 ; Chicago. 111., 7 ; Topeka, 2 ; Wyandotte, 7. and Columbus, 
Kansas, i: and Lincoln, Neb., 3. Thirty- rive are 12 years old and 
over, fifteen are between 2 and 12 years of age. and three are in- 
fants. Ten are to settle m Monrovia, and all the others at Brewer- 
ville. Oi the adult males, two are ordained ministers of the Gospel, 
two are school teachers, ten are carpenters, and one is a stone-mason. 
Four voung men are fruits of the enlarged education to which colored 
youth are now admitted — one each coming from institutions at Rich- 
mond, Charlotte, Atlanta, and Natchez. 

Among the Liberians who returned to their homes by tiie July 
voyage of the Motirm'ia were Mr. Albert B. King, Principal of the 


Alexander High School, and Dr. Hilary J. Moore— the latter named 
having just completed his medical education at Dartmouth College 
and the Long Island College Hospital. He was born in Liberia, and 
Prof. King has resided there for twenty-five years. Both are grad- 
uates of Liberia College. The passengers by the Monrcnna, Decem- 
ber I, included Rev. W. W. Colley and Rev. J. H. Pressley and their 
wives, missionaries of the Foreign Mission Convention— a recent or- 
ganization of colored Baptists of the United States. They dedicate 
their lives to labor in Africa for the elevation of their race. 

An intelligent Liberian writes: "The new-comers are doing well. 
I lately visited them and hence am able to make this statement. The 
thrifty ones have built their houses, and are reaping breadstuffs of 
their own planting," Hon. John H. Smyth. American Minister Resi- 
dent and Consul General, wrote under date of Monrovia, July 22: — 
"Since my return I have visited Brewer\'ille twice, and am pleased to 
say that I regard that settlement as a steadily advancing and prosper- 
ous one. After an experience of nearly five years in Liberia, I am 
quite satisfied that any reasonably industrious and fairly healthy man 
can make as good and comfortable provision for himself, with capacity 
of proprietorship, as in our own country'." 

Emigration to Liberia every year under the auspices of this So- 
ciety has been uninterrupted for the past sixty-three years. I'hose 
now reported make the number sent since the war to be 3,657, and a 
total from the beginning of 15,655, exclusive of 5,722 recaptured Afri- 
cans which we induced and enabled the Government of the United 
States to settle in Liberia, making a grand total of 21,377 persons to- 
whom the Society has given homes in Africa. 


Not the least among the remarkable movements of the day is the 
growing desire on the part of the people of color to emigrate to Libe- 
ria. Many thousand names are on the roll of this Society, and these 
the names of the best and most industrious colored men, who solicit 
us to aid them and their families to remove to Africa. All are pure- 
ly spontaneous and voluntary applicants. Ever\- week swells the num- 
ber of those who want to go, and" who would be accessions of value to 
the population of the New Republic. And this movement must be 
expected to take larger proportions continually, just as the emigra- 
tion from European lands to the United States has swollen in the 
course of the last thirty years. Whether it be thought wise in the 
colored man to leave this country or not, ever)' jear must be expected 
to show increasing numbers depart, and a tide of emigration set east- 


ward, not as large but just as constant as the great tide which runs 
westward with such mighty volume and force. 

A few brief extracts from the letters of recent applicants are ap- 
pended : 

FtLnn Xe'iL' York City. 

" Permit me. through the medium of these few lines, to make an 
earnest appeal, hoping to meet your approval. I have a strong de- 
sire to go to Liberia, as I feel confident that there are greater chances 
of promotion there than here. I have filled positions as clerk and 
teacher, testimonials of which I can produce. I would feel greatly 
indebted to you, if you would aid me in getting to Liberia. .1. w. k." 

From Pittsburgh, Pa. 
" Will you please for\vard to me all the information possible about 
Liberia, for I am preparing to remove there. 1 am not the only one. 
There are others like me who want to go to that country. r. h." 

From Elizabeth City, Xorth Carolina. 

" I send you a list of over fifty names of the smartest and best peo- 
ple of this region who want to go to Liberia. I believe five hundred 
good men and their families would go there if they were furnished 
the means. .\. e ." 

From Mobile, Alabama. 

" I have a wife and four children, and want to go to Liberia with 
my family, bnt we are not able to do so now. We must get to Libe- 
ria if it takes the next thirty years to come. I am sending my child- 
ren to school. I want to get them to Liberia as soon as possible- 
especially so that they may receive a good education, and also live 
well and prosper, which we cannot hope to do in this country', s. (." 

From Little Rock, Ark. 

•'I am trying hard to get off to Liberia. Some of the Eureka 
Liberia Exodus Association, at Plumerville. Conway Co., may be 
ready to start this year. Whether they are or not. I am determined 
to go at once. I have cropped two years with Liberia in view and 
with poor success : one year a drought and the next year a good crop 
and cotton worth nothing. We black people have a very hard time 
any way of making money. When can you assist us to go.^ We all 
can read and write. .\. J. F."' 

From Tofieka, A'a/isas. 

" I enclose a list of i lo names, and there are a dozen or more fami- 
lies besides that are ready to start for Liberia at any time. Emigra- 
tion to Africa is becoming very popular. We are holding meetings- 


We want to know what it will cost each person or family from here 
going by your Society. Remember we are poor, and if it costs much 
we will have to indefinitely postpone the matter of removal, (i. c." 

From letters from Barbadoes it appears that there would be a 
considerable influx of enlightened Negroes from that Island into 
Liberia, should the aid required fo: that purpose be furnished. 


Intelligence from Liberia indicates decided and favorable progress. 
President Gardner, in his last Annual Message, says : — " The past year 
has been crowned with marked evidences of national prosperity as well 
as of individual thrift and enterprise. Agricultural activity has not 
only kept pace with but has considerably exceeded that of the precedmg 
several years, both as to the quantity as also to the variety of the pro- 
ductions raised. The rice crop, as well as that of breadstufTs gener- 
ally, have been unusually favorable, while the exportable articles of 
cofTee, sugar, rubber, palm oil, palm kernels, camwood, &c., have never 
been shipped in such large quantities before." 

Financial affairs have improved. The "gold law " and the effi- 
cient administration of the Treasury by Secretary W. T. Worrell (who 
went to Liberia a poor boy from North Carolina) have been beneficial. 
The act imposing a heavy duty on the importation of ardent spirits 
went into operation October i, and with salutary effects. 

The interior immediately in the rear of the coast line of Liberia 
for hundreds of miles, is easy of access. Paths lead out in every di- 
rection, and the natives are not only approachable but as peaceful as 
any upon the Continent. The Government has inaugurated treaties 
with many of the tribes, and a definite understanding and their good- 
will have been obtained. Calls are frequent from these people for in- 
^ struction in divine truth and the useful arts, that the Christianizing 

I and civilizing power of true religion and advanced industrial skill may 

f be employed in the regeneration of that inviting region. Numer- 

ous Aborigines, in order to secure the advantages of proximity 
to the civilized settlements, are flocking from the interior and build- 
ing villages near the Liberians. Zodaque. a Pessah Chief, has 
lately arrived with some two hundred followers and located near 
Crozerville. Another Chief, with about three hundred refugees from 
heathenism, is expected soon to settle in the same neighborhood. 

As to this interesting population, whose improvement and eleva- 
tion is declared in the Constitution to be a cherished object of Libe- 
ria, President Gardner happily remarks: — "The importance of in- 
creasing our friendly intercourse with the powerful tribes of the coun- 
try is a matter that cannot claim too much of our attention. So im- 


portant do I regard our relations with these our brethren, and so de- 
sirous am I of seeing this vast Aboriginal population share with us the 
rights, privileges and advantages of 'c ivilization and a Christian gov- 
ernment, thus giving strength and permanency to our Republican in- 
stitutions on this coast, that I consider it really the great work of Li- 
beria, at present, to pursue such a policy as will cement into one mass 
the many tribes about us. and bring them under the moulding influ- 
ence of our laws and religion." 

A striking feature of the new commercial treaty between Spain 
and Liberia is that Spain agrees to guarantee as lull and complete pro- 
tection of life and property to free Negroes visiting, for any lawful 
purpose, Cuba or Porto Rico, as has heretofore been granted to any 
foreigners visiting any part of the Spanish dominions. 

Though Methodism in Liberia is coeval v. ith the country itself, 
the first church having been formed on the ship Elizabeth, that bore 
the pioneer company of emigrants to Western Africa, yet the semi- 
centenary of Methodism in Liberia was celebrated at Monrovia 
on Sunday, July 22. Rev. Charles A. Pitman, a native African, de- 
livered the discourse, and a collection of over three hundred dollars 
was taken for the promotion of ministerial education. The necessity 
for an independent organization of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
in Liberia, as essential to vigorous life and local activity, is forcibly 
presented in a circular letter adopted at the last session of the Libe_ 
rian Annual Conference, advising that the Methodist Episcopal 
Church on the West Coast of Africa " petition the General Conference 
of 1884 to set us apart with full power to act under a proper church 
government, and one that may be suited to the situation of this 
country, in order that our beloved Zion may grow and prosper." 

In consequence of serious illness. President Gardner tendered 
his resigditi ).i to the L';jji::lature, and V'ice-Presidcnt Russell suc- 
ceeded liim, January 20. In accepting the resignation, Mr. Gardner 
was granted a pension of $1,000 a year during life, and the expenses 
of removal from Monrovia to his residence in Grand Bassa county 
were ordered to be defrayed from the Government treasury, he being 
the last survivor of the signers of the Declaratio:i of Independence. 


The biennial election for President, held on the first Monday in 
May resulted in the unanimous choice of Hon. Hilary R. W.John- 
son—the nominee of the two leading political parties in Liberia. 
Such a thing has not occurred since the nomination of Governor 
Roberts in 1S47. and Mr. Johnson is the tSrst native Liberian who 
has been elevated to the Presidency. The President elect is a son of 


the illustrious Elijah Johnson, and was born June ist. 1837, at 
Monrovia, where he was educated, graduating at the Alexander 
High School in 1857. He was private Secretary to President Benson 
for seven years, visiting Europe with him in 1862, and he accompanied 
President Roye to England and the United States in 1870. Mr. John- 
son was a member of the House of Representatives in 1861. and Sec- 
retary of State in 1S63. 1866 and if^'67, and again in 1872 and 1873. 
He has also been Principal of the Preparatory Department of Liberia 
College, and for eleven years Professor of Philosophy and Belles 
Lettres in that Institution. Liberia College conferred upon him the 
degree of Master of Arts, in 1872, and that of Doctor of Laws, in 1882 


Referring to the detailed statement under this head in our last 
Report, it seems proper now to give very briefly the proceedings 
which have since taken place. 

First. At the Annual Session of the Legislature of Liberia, 
which began December 4, 1882, President Gardner sent in the 'Draft 
Convention " drawn by A. E. Havelock. Esq., Governor of Sierra 
Leone and British Consul for Liberia, in which it is proposed to de- 
finitely settle the Northwest boundary' of Liberia by making the Mar- 
fah river the said boundary'. After mature consideration, it was 

■■ Resoh'ed, That while the Senate is willing to yield such territo- 
ries as arbitration may decide is not Liberia's, or even to agree to a 
fair and honorable compromise not in violation of the Protocol of 
1 87 1, yet it decides that it would be unfaithful to its high trust to ac- 
cept of terms that would sweep away one of these territories, and 
leave us stript of our righ ts and our territories, and the national treas- 
ury imperilled in consequence." 

Second. Under date of January 26, 1883, the Government of Li- 
beria communicated to Governor and Consul Havelock a copy of the 
action of the Senate declining to ratify the " Draft Convention," but 
expressing a ^eadine^s 10 adjust the question on the basis formulated 
by England in 1871, or other arbitration, or on an honorable compro- 

T/iird. Governor and Consul Havelock replied March 9, 1883, 
that "Her Majesty's Government cannot, in any case, recognize any 
rights on the part of Liberia to any portions of the territories in dis- 
pute." and that " Her Majesty's Government consider that they are 
relieved from the necessity of delaying any longer to ratify an agree- 
ment made by me (Governor Havelock) with the Galiinas. Gbemah 
and Mannah river Chiefs on the 30th March, 1882, whereby they 
ceded to Her Majesty the coast line of their territories up to the 
right bank of the MannaK river." 

-12 >1\ 1 \ --1- \ KN 1 H ANN! Al, KKHOkl oK 

Fourth. A printed copy of the Aj^^reement referred to and also 
of a Proclamation by Governor Havelock, bearing date March 19 
1XS3. the latter announcing the confirmation of the aforesaid agree- 
ment and proclaiming the land therein described as part of the 
Colony of Sierra Leone, were enclosed in Governor and Consul 
Havelock's dispatch of March 19. 1S83. Atttr calling attention to 
these documents and declaring that the coast line thus ceded " is 
now and must remain British territory." he remarks: — ' I am desired 
to say that Her Majestys Government are prepared, whenever the 
Liberian Government choose to sign a Convention, to recognize that 
the territory of the Repuolic shall extend to the south bank of the 
Mannah river." 

Fifth. It is understood that Governor and Consul Havelock ad- 
dressed a communication, in October, to the Secretary of State of 
Liberia, requesting an early reply to his dispatch of March 19. 1883, 
and suggesting that the next step is to be taken by the Government 
of Liberia for the recognition by England of the Northwest boundary 
lint' of the Republic. 

It cannot but be observed that while awaiting the ratification by 
the Liberian Legislature of j. • Draft Convention" intending to transfer 
the disputed territories to Great Britain. Governor and Cor.sul Have- 
lock proceeded to those very same territories, and alleges to have 
bought them on the 33th March. 1882. from the Kings and Chiefs of 
the country. 

The Liberian ( lovernment maintains i'.s position with firmness. 
It has prepared "A memf)randum and protest against the action of 
the British authorities in the Northwestern territories of the Repub- 
lic," "solemnly appealing to the high sense of justice of the Cabi- 
nets, which she has a right to consider as animated towards her by 
the same sentiments of elevated equity and friendship as in the past, 
and imploring their mediation to avert a course of events which 
threaten her destruction." 

It is gratifying to record the kind and generous efforts of the 
Government of the United States with a view to obtain a just ar- 
rangement of the differences between the Governments of England 
and Liberia, and thus remove a formidable hindrance to the extension 
and prosperity of the young Republic. It c.iw further manifest its 
powerful sympathy by the early dispatch of a naval steamer to the 
West African coast, and the establishment of a coaling station at 
Monrovia in the interest of American commerce. 


President BIyden arri\-ed at Monrovia on the 3d of June, having 

IHK AMKRKAN (. ( )1,()M/ A I K i N i-OCIKTV. I3 

spent ten days in England on his way from the United States. Pro- 
fessors Stewart and Browne landed at Monrovia from the steamship 
Nubhi. from Liverpool, on the 7th of August ; and Miss Davis reached 
the same city by the bark Monrovia, from New York, on the 21st of 
August. They were all warmly received Ly the authorities of Liberia 
College, and cordial public receptions were extended them by leading 
citizens. The Legislature of Liberia, at its last session, established 
nine scholarships in the College. There are sixty-eight pupils in the 
Institution, as follows : 16 in the College proper, 34 in the Prepara- 
tory Department, and 18 in the Female Department, 

Liberia College can boast, at present, of but few Alumni, but it is 
rising in the estimation of Liberians and Natives, and seems destined 
to become an important factor in the enlightenment of Western Af- 
rica. Why might it not be raised into a University into which young 
men should be brought and trained foK the liberal professions ? While 
millions of dollars are being given to endow institutions of learning 
in the United States, will not some generous person consider the 
needs of the teeming population within and around Liberia, and pro- 
vide the means for their higher education ? 

Favorable reports have been received of the schools maintained 
by this Society. Our Agent in Liberia writes : "I lately examined 
your school at Brewerville, where I found thirty scholars of ages va- 
rying from six to eighteen years — all apt and bright. They acquitted 
themselves creditably in an examination in the several studies pursued. 
This settlement is stretching out so far inland that the establishment 
of another school has become a matter of importance. I also made 
a satisfactor>' visit to the Society's school at Arthington, finding it 
scarcely adequate to the needs of that thriving place. Arthington is 
a great success. Some of our largest coffee planters are in that settle- 
ment, though it is only twelve years old. The whole country marvels 
at its growth." The Government schools are gradually increasing and 
improving in their facilities and in the regard of the people. 

Edward S. Morris, Esq. of Philadelphia, Pa., has established a 
school at Arthington, of which the teacher reports to its patron as fol- 
lows : " The children are anxious to learn, and handle their books with 
care. Another son of a Chief entered school this month, making five 
in all. Including these, there are now eighty children in the school, 
more than half of whom are natives. Eight of the native boys have 
joined church. They had not heard the name of Jesus till they heard 
it in your school. The Lord is blessing your work here, and its influ- 
ence is spreading far and wide in this dark land." 


Dr. James S. Smith of Grand Bassa county, writes to Geo. W. S. 
Hall. Esq. of Baltimore, in relation to an enterprise for the Christian 
education of the women of Liberia: " Agreeably to Miss Scott's re- 
quest I forward, enclosed, an authenticated copy of the Deed for ' All 
Saints Hall.' I may here remark that the land is not oniy deeded, 
but a neat wooden building, thirty feet in length and eighteen in 
width, one and a half stories high, is erected on the premises, with suit- 
able out-buildings, faced by a well-cultivated flower garden. There is 
a gurgling brook immediately in front of the main building, and in 
the rear a variety of vegetables and fruits, giving promise of good 
things to come. In every respect. " All Saints Hall,' at Beulah, is a 
bright spot on this Continent." 


Humanity is greatly cheered by the progress in exploration, in 
opening channels of trade, and in missionary and colonization opera- 
tions in Africa. It is only seven years since Stanley journeyed down 
the Congo and told the world where it came from, and already it is 
becoming a route for travel, and the sites for future towns are fixed 
on its banks. States and kingdoms are revealed, capable of furnish- 
ing vast supplies of the most valued pr.>Juctions for the arts and man- 
ufactures of Europe and America, and of receiving and consuming 
the articles into which they may be wrought by their superior skill. 

■' The growing sense of justice m Christian nations toward .Africa, 
creates confidence that they will seek to repair the mighty wrongs of 
which she has been the victim ; that their future commerce with her 
will be founded upon principles of just reciprocity : that henceforth 
they will go to her in peace and charity, give to her the light of the 
oracles of God. encourage her to throw oH the badges of her shame, 
and to clothe herself in garments of honor and of praise." 

The borders of Africa have been invaded, but the interior has 
never been overcome by conquest or commingled by immigration. It 
is the doctrine of this Society, held from the beginning and illustrated 
by constant experience, that the great evils of Africa can mainly be 
met and overcome by the Christian colony under government of Af- 
ricans. The chapter of what has been endured and achieved by its 
representatives in the founding of the Republic of Liberia will be one 
of imperishable glory in the annals of this Society. There are indi- 
cations that days of early advance are before it, and the speedier suc- 
cesses of the near future will justify a colonizing policy of the boldest 
and broadest character. 




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Washington', D. C, January 13, 1884. 

The Sixty-Seventh Anniversary' meeting of the American Col- 
onization SociETV was held this evening, at 7.30 o'clock, in Foun- 
dry Methodist Episcopal Church: the President, Hon John H. B. 
Latrobe, in the chair. 

Bishop E. G. Andrews, D. D., conducted the devotional exercises- 
including the reading of the second Psalm and prayer. 

The President presented the Sixty-Seventh Annual Report Of 
the Society : an extended abstract of which had been printed and 
distributed in the pews. 

Rev Otis H. Tiffany, D. D., delivered the .Annual Discourse. 

The benediction was pronounced by Bishop Andrews, and the 
large and interested audience withdrew. 

Colonization, January 15, 1884. 

The Annual Meeting of the Amf.rican Colonization Society 
was held to-day at 3 o'clock \\ .M., agreeably to article 4 of the Consti- 
tution, and in pursuance of notice published in the African Repository, 
New York Obser\ er, and other papers. 

In the absence of the President, Rev. Samuel E. Appleton. D. D., 
senior Vice President in attendance, took the chair, and called the 
Society to order. 

The Minutes of the Anniversary- meeting of the 13th inst. and of 
the unprinted parts of the Minutes of the annual session ot January 
i6, 1883, were read, and the Minutes were approved. 

Reginald Fendall, Esq., Edward S. Morris, Esq.. and Rev. Thomas 
G. Addison. D. D., were appointed a Committee to nominate the 
President and Vice Presidents for the ensuing year. 

On motion, it was 

Resolved, That the sincere thanks of the Society be tendered to Rev. Otis H. Tiffany, D. 

D. , for his able, eloquent and appropriate Discourse delivered at our Sixty-Sev- 
enth .\nniversar/, and that a copy of it be requested for publication. 
Rtiolvcd, That the thanks of the Society are cordially tendered to the Pastor, officers and 

members of Foundry Methodist Episcopal Church, for the freely proffered use of 

lis commodious house of worship for our Anniversary. 

Mr. Fendall. chairman of the Committee on Nominations, pre- 
sented and read a report, recommending the re-election of the present 



President and Vice Presidents, and nominating as additional Vice 
Presidents— Rev. George Dana Boardman.D. D., of Pennsylvania: Rev. 
Bishop E. G. Andrews, D. D., of District of Columbia ; Rev. Edward 
VV. Blyden, D. D., of Liberia, and Rev. Otis H. Tiflfany, D. D., of New 

York ; as follows : — 






■ 872. 




Hon. Henry A. Foster, N. V. 
Hon. James Garland, \'irginia. 
Thomas R. Hazard, Esq., R. I. 
Rev. Robert Ryland, D. D.., Ky. 
Hon. Frederick P. Stanton, D. C. 
Hon. Horatio Seymour, N. Y. 
Rev. Bishop M. Simpson, D. D., Pa 
Rev. James C. Finley, lUinois. 
Hon. Joseph B. Crockett. Cal. 
Hon. Henry M. Scheiffel.n, N. V. 
Rev. J. Maclean,D. D. LI. D., N. J. 
Hon. James R. Doolittle, Wis. 
Samuel A. Crozer, Esq., Pa. 
Hon. Fred. T. Frelinghuy^en, N". J. 
Rev. S. Irenaeus Prime, D. D.,N.Y. 
Robert Arthington, Esq., England. 
Re v. Ed ward P. Humphrey, D. D,Ky. 
Harvey Lindsly.M. D.,LL. D..D. C. 
Rev. Bishop R. S. Foster, D.D., Mass. 
Rt. Rev. Wm. B. Stevens, D. D.,Pa. 



Hon. Eli K. Price, Pennsylvania. 
Rt. Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, D. D., O, 
Rt. Rtv. M. A. DeW. Howe, D.D.,Pa. 
Samuel K. Wilson, Esq., N.J. 
Rev. Samuel E. Appleton, D. D. Pa. 

Rev. Jabez P. Campbell, D. D., Pa. 

Rev. H. M. Turner, D. D.,LL. D,Ga. 

Prcst. E. G. Robinson, LL. D.,R. I. 

Rev. Joseph F. Elder, D. D., N. V., 
Rev. William E. Schenck, D. D., Pa. 

Hon. Richard W. Thompson, Ind. 
Admiral Robert W. Shufeldt, D. C. 

Francis T. King, Esq., Maryland. 
Rev. Sam'l D. Alexander, D. D.,N. V. 
Rev. Bishop H. W. Warren, D.D.,Ga. 
Henry d. Marquand, Esq., N. V. 

Rev. Cieorgf D. Boardman, D.D., Pa. 
Rev. Bishop E.G. Andrews, D.D,D.C. 
Rev. Edward W. Hlyden, D.D.Liberia. 
Rev. Otis H. Tiffany, D. D, N'.V. 

The figures before each name indicate the year of first election. 

Whereupon, on motion, it was 

AV.v,i/7'iv/, That the report be accepted and approved, and that the Societ\ 
sons nominated bv the Committee. 

the per. 

On motion, adjourned. 

Wm. Copi'1N(;ek, Secretary . 


Washington, D. C, January /j, 1884. 

The Board of Directors of The American Colonization 
Society met this day at 12 o'clock m. in the Colonization Building. 
No. 450 Pennsylvania Avenue. 

In the absence of the President of the Society, Rev. Samuel E. Ap- 
pleton, D. D., was chosen to preside ; and at his request. Rev. John 
VV\ Chickering, D. D., -ed in prayer. 

Mr. William Coppinger was appointed Secretary* of the Board. 

The unprinted parts of the Minutes of the last meeting were read, 
and the Minutes were approved. 

The Secretary read a telegram from the President of the Society, 
as follows: "Baltimore, January li, 1884. The inclement weather de- 
tains me in my house most reluctantly. John H. B. Latrobe." 

Rev. Dr. Syle, Mr. Fendall and Rev. Dr. Addison were appointed 
a committee on Credentials ; who retired and subsequently reported 
through their chairman the following named Delegates appointed 
for the year 1884, viz: 

Penns\ L\ ASIA CoLOMZATio.N So(.iETv. — Rev. Samuel E. .\pppleton, D. D., *Rev. 
William E. Schenck, D. O . *Rev. Wilbur F. Paddock. D. D.. Rev. Edward W . Syle. 
U. D., ♦Rev. Edward W. Appleton. D. D.. Edward S. Morris. Esq., John Welsh Dulles. 

The following named were stated to be in attendance, viz : 

Lii H Director- Rev. James Saul. D. D., 

ExKCiTivK CoMMiTTF.E. — Hon. Peter Parker, Jud;;e Charles C. Nott, Reginald 
Fendall, Esq., Rev. Thomas G. Addison. D. D.. Rev. Hvron Sundt-rland. D D.. Judge 
Ale.xander B. Hagner. 

Whereupon, on motion, it was 

Risohfii, That the report of the Commitee on Credentials be accepted and approved, and 
the gentlemen named be received. 

On motion, it was 

Resolved, That Rev. John W. Chickering, D. D., and Prof. William B. Wedgwood be in- 
vited to seate in the Board and to participate in our deliberations. 

The Secretar>' presented and read the Si.xty-Soventh Annual Re- 
port of the American Colonization Society. 
Whereupon, on motion, it was 

Resolved, That the Annual Report be accepted and referred to the standing Committees 
according to its several topics. 

•Not present. 


The Secretary presented and read the Statement of the Execu- 
tive Committee for the past year. 

The Treasurer presented and read his Annual Report— with certi- 
ficate of audit, a list of the property of the Society, and a state- 
ment of receipts by States in the year 1883. 

Whereupon, on motion, it was 

Rcsclvfti, That the Statement of the Executive Committee and the Treasurer's Report 
for the year 1883, with the accompanying annual papers, be accepted, and that so 
much of them as relate to Foreign Relations. Finance, Auxiliary Societies, Agen- 
cies, Accounts, Emigration, and Education, be referred to the several standing 
Committefs in charge of those subjects respectively. 

The Standing Committees were appointed, as follows:— 

Co.MMiTTRE ON FoREK.N Relations. -judge Alexander B. Hagner, Rev. Byron 
Sunderland, D. D. 

CoMMii lEE ON Finance. -Reginald Kendall. Esq., Edward S. Morris, Esq., John 
Welsh Dulles, Esq. 

CoM.MiiTEK ON AfxiLiARv Soci E T I Es. — Judgc .Alexander B. Hagner, John Welsh 
Dulles, Esq.. Rev. Thomas G. Addison. D. D., 

Committee ON AcNCiKs. — Edward S. Morris. Esq., Rev. Edward W. Syle, b. 
D., Rev. Thomas G. Addison, D. D. 

Committee on Accoints.— Reginald Fendall, Esq., Edward S. Morris, Esq., John 
Welsh Dulles Esq., 

Committee on Emk.kation. -Rev. Thomas G. Addison, D. D., Edward S. Morris, 
Esq.. Rev. Byron Sunderland, D. D. 

CoMMiTTF.E ON Enrc\Tio\. — Rev. Byron Sunderland. D. D.. John Welsh Dulles 
F;sq., Edward S. Morris, Esq. 

On motion, it was 

Rciclvi;{, That Rev. Alexander Crummell. D. D.. and Rev. William H. Wilson be invited 
to seats in the Board and to participate in our deliberations. 

On motion, it was 

Kesolvcd^ That a Committee be appointed to nominate the Executive Committee and 
the Secretary and Treasurer for the ensuing year. 

Rev. Drs. Saul and Syle and Mr. Morris were appointed the 

The following letter from the President of the Society was read: — 
Baltimore, January lo, /SS^. 
William Copimnger, Esq. Sec. A. C. S. 
Afy Dear Mr. Coppi7igcr : 

You will receive by Express a box whose contents may remind you 
of an old friend. I thought I had gone to the extreme of vanity 
when I sent you my photograph for your office ; nor did I expect ever 
to perpetrate the likeness in oil. The kindness, however, of the Di- 
rectors at their last meeting, in my absence, has tempted me to use an 
idle accomplishment to this extent, in the hope that my "counterfeit 
presentment" may recall to our successors one of the greatest honors 
of whose life has been to be President of the American Colonization 

Most truly your friend, 

John H. B. Latrobe. 


Whereupon, the following letter, in reply, was approved and a 
copy ordered to be communicated : — 
Hon. Johx H. B. Latrobe, 

President American Co/otizzaf/ou Socieh'. 

Sir : The receipt of your Portrait was regarded as one of those 
events in the affairs of the American Colonization Society which calls 
for formal and expressive action. 

Your coadjutors and friends, dwelling upon the fact of your long 
membership and presidency, on the fact chat your useful life has been 
spared to continue the good work of your illustrious predecessors, 
Bushrod Washington, Charles Carroll. James Madison and Henry- 
Clay, congratulate you and themselves that a kind Providence has 
preserved, sustained and supported you through a long period of unself- 
ish usefulness to others and honor to yourself. 

The Board of Directors are very much gratified by your gift and 
the value of your Portrait is enhanced by the reflection that your own 
hand held the brush and your own head and heart guided it, in the 
accomplishment of that difficult task, transferring on canvas "a count- 
erfeit presentment" so closely resembling the original that we feel that 
your Portrait will be more than the picture of him who for over thirty 
years held the helm. We feel that it will look down on our success- 
ors when we all are gathered to our fathers, will recall your benevo- 
lence and beneticence and inspire them to emulate your example. 

Rev. Dr Saul, chairman of the special Committee on Nominations, 
presented a report recommending the re-election of the foUowmg.- 

Seciikt.\k\ AM) Tkea^i Ki-.k. -William Coppin^cer, Esq., 

E\Kri iivK CoM\ii!rRF..--H.irvcy l.indsly. .M, O , LI,. D . Hon. Peter Parker. 
Jud;;.; Charlc-. C. -Vott. Resinild Feniill, E-iq,. Rev. Thomas C".. .\ddison. D. D.. Rev. 
Byron SuaJvrl.inJ. D. D., .liidi.'e .Vlcxander H. Ha«ner. 

Whereupon, on motion, it was 

Ris.'!;,,L Thai Uiv Report be accepted and .ippri)\cd, and that the Hoard elect the per 
sons nominated by the Committee 

Letters were presented excusing their absence from the meeting; 
from the following named Directors, viz; Dr. Harvey Lindsly, LL. D., 
fan. 2: Dr. James Hall. Jan. 3: Rev. S. Ireneus Prime. D. D.. Jan. 5, 
Rev. John Maclean, D. D.. LL. D., Jan., 1 2: and Rev. Edward W. Apple- 
ton, D. D.. Jan. 1 2: and from Delegates Rev. Wilbur F. Paddock, D. D., 
Jan, 14, and Rev William E. Schenck, D. D., Jan. 14. 

On motion, it was 

Risi'iviui, That the Board do now adjourn to meet in these rooms to-morrow mornin^f at 
It o'clock. 


WASHlNcilON. D C, January 16, 1884. 
The Hoard of Directors met this morning at the appointed hour in 
the Colonization Building, Rev Dr .\ppleton in the chair. 



Prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Sunderland. 

The Minutes of yesterday's meeting were read and approved. 

Mr. Fendall. chairman of the standing Committee on Finance, 
presented and read the following report, which was, on motion, accept- 
ed and approved :- 

The Committee on Finance respectfully n port that they have examined the secur. 
ities of the Society and find them correct. 

Mr. Morris, chairman of the standing Committee on Agencies, 
presented and read the following report, which was, on motion, accept- 
ed, and the accompanying resolution was adopted: — 

The Committee on Agencies beg to report as follows:- 
A'cWrvv/. That the whole subject of .\gea:ies b; referred '.o th- Kxecutive Committee 
with the recommendation that earnest efforts be made, in every judicious way, to 
increase the income of the Society, by the employment of Agents — when likely to be 
advantageous, by circulars, and by personal appeals to friends of the cause, and when 
practicable, by publications in the public press, both secular an-l religious. .\t the 
same time imparting required intelligence to the cilorel p ' jple looking to Africa 
a-s their home, impressing upon them the fact that in the cultivation of Liberia's fer- 
tile soil they will reap a rich harvest 

Mr. Fendall, chairman of the standing Committee on Accounts, 
presented and read the following report, which was. on motion, ac- 
cepted and approved: — 

The Committee on Accounts have examined the Treasurer's Account for the year 
1883, and the vouchers for the expenditures, and rind the same correct. 

Rev. Dr. Addison, chairman of the standing Committee on Emi- 
gration, presented a report, which was, on motion, accepted and the 
recommendation was adopted, viz ; — 

The Committee on Emigration respectfully Report ; That the lapse of a year has made 
no change in the outlook of the .American Colonization Society. 

We face the same old responsibilities. Men are appealing to us for passage to Liberia ; 
and every ship from Liberia brings to us the prayer "Send out more Emigrants." Why do 
we not heed these appeals wrung from human hearts by dire necessities too sad for words ? 
Why ? Because another cry for help is not heeded— a long, earnest, almost despairing cry 
-the vain cry of this Society to American Christians for their prayers and their money in 
this supreme hour of our need. We say to the .\frican exiles among us — " Suppress your 
noble aspirations, suffer and die where you are, and transmit to your children woes that 
have cursed and crushed their fathers. ' We say to poor Liberia ■" We cannot aid you. 
Perish unbefriended, let the light of your civilization and your Christianity go out forever." 
.\nd we are compelled to say all this because there are no hearts in Christian America to re- 
spond to our pleadings for the saddest, the most touching and yet most promising mission- 
ary venture of this century. 

We tell the philanthropists and Christians of this land that in our day no holier crv for 
111 Ip has echoed through the night of human misery than the cry of the oppressed and out 
raged Negro. Last year the needs of our Society were urgent. We feel that they are more 
urgent to-day. The rapacity of England's commercial greed is destroying the Republic of 
Liberia. Some forty miles of her seaboard have been taken from her, and a larger and still 
more valuable part is threatened with speedy seizure by the same Power. .And thus all that 
has been done on that Continent by our benevolence wi 11 soon be lowed up The African 
Republic will be a thing of the past, will live in history only as a dark reproach to American 
Christianity. There must be a revival of interest in this great cause, an awakened sense of 
obligation to the despised and unrewarded people whose right hands have helped to rear 
the colossal fabric of our material prosperity. The despondent heart of Liberia must be 



cheered by our sympathy. She must be strengthened by our benevolence. - A strong pub 
lie sentiment here must protest ag linst the encroachments of England and arouse our own 
Government to a more bold and imperative policy in regard to the rights of the Nation's 
wards on the coast of .Africa. 

If Christian men shall continue to regard the cause with the old cruel indifTereete. it 
will soon be tiw Lite to help our .\frican fellow-citizens to free and happy homes in their 
Fatherland, too late to discharge our solemn obligations to thejjeople we have already sent 
there, and too late to aid the grand enterprise of love for which this old Society has lived 
and worked for sixty-seven years. 

Your Committee therefore renew ihe recommendation of the last Report : "That this 
great cause be brought before the people and pressed upon their attention with renewed 
zeal by every possible agency within the reach of the Society's means." 

Rev. Dr. Sunderland, chairman of the standing Committee on 
Education, presented and read the following rep>ort, which was, on 
motion, accepted and approved: — 

The Committee on Education beg leave to Report : That they have examined with most 
gratifying interest the records for the past year of the cause of education in Liberia, and 
rejoice to state that there is an increasingly intense desire for the advantages of education 
on the part of the people for the youth of Liberia, and'on the part of the chiefs of the native 
tribes adjacent, and a corresponding demand for the facilities of education as it is popular- 
ly understood in our own country. 

We find evidence of new life and energy in the events which have transpired the last 
year in connection with the Liberia College. President Blyden has resumed his duties in 
the College, after his protracted absence in this country. Two new professors, Messrs, 
Stewart and Browne, from this country, have been added to the faculty Miss Davis, also 
from this country, ha.s entered on her duties in the Female department of the College. 
The Institution has now sixty eight pupils under its tuition : i6 in the College proper, 34 
in the Preparatory course, and 18 in the Kema e department. At its last session the Leg- 
islature of Liberia established nine scholarships in the College. Ic is hoped that by the 
fostering care of enlightened Christian philanthropic generosity, this Institution may long 
prove a grand light-house of learning and intelligence on the coist of a great Continent, 
on which the eyes of the whole civilized world are now turning with a new interest and 

Very encouraging reports also come to us of the condition of the schools maintained by 
this Society in that distant Ijnd at Brewerville and .Arthington; and also from the Gov- 
ernment schools, which are said to be increasing in numbers, improving in facilities and 
extending in the popular regard. Mr. Morris's school, also located at Arthington, is do- 
ing a noble work. Five sons of chiefs are students here among the 86 pupils of this al- 
ready flourishing institution. Miss Scott has also entered on a very remarkable and promis- 
ing enterprise at Beulah, where she proposes to erect a Seminary for the education of girls 
— the daughters of Liberia— and the work ha.s already progressed with the most gratifying 

The influence of these schools upon the cause of popular and higher education must 
be most propitious, and annually increising. At the begiiming of those cauacs which are 
to end in the enlightenment, civilization and Christianization of .\frica, they are the wel- 
come harbingers of a glorious future among a people long sitting in darkness, but whose 
light is sure to come at as the breaking forth of the morning. 

On motion, it was 

Retoived, That the .\nnual Report of the Society be referred to the Executive Committee 
for publication. 



On motion, it was 

Ri'solvt'd, That ihe cordial thanks of the Board are tendered to Rev. Samuel E. Appleton, 
D. D., for the abU- and impartial manner with which he has presided on the pres- 
ent occasion. 

The Board united in prayer, led by Rev Dr. Saul, and then ad- 

Wm. Coppinger, Secretary. 

The American Colonization Society. 


1S40. Thomas R. IIazard, Esq R. I. 1869. Charles H. Nichols, M.D N.Y, 

tSsi. Rev. John Maclean, D.D.LL.D.. AT. 7. 

1853. James Hall, M. D Md. 

1853. Alexander Diwcan, Esq R. 1. 

1864. Alexander Guy, M.D Ohio. 

1868. Edward Coles, Esq Pa. 

1869. Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D. D Ind. 

1869. Rev. S. iRBNiEus Prims. D. D. N. Y. 

1870. Daniel Price, Esq N.J. 

1871. Rev. William H. Steele, D. D. A'^. J. 
1871. R't. Rev. H. C. Potter, D. X)..N.Y. 
1873. Rev. George W.Samson, D. D. N.Y. 
1878. Rev. Edw'd W.Appleton.D. D.,/>a. 

1883. Rev. Jambs Saul, D. D., Pa. 


Pennsylvania Colonization Society.— Rev. Samuel E. Apple- 
ton. D. D.. Rev. William E. Schenck. D. D„ Rev. Wilbur F. Paddock, 
D. D.. Rev. Edward W. Syle, D. D.. Edward S. Morris, Esq., John 
Welsh Dulles, Esq. 


From Liverpool, every Saturday. — Letters, each half ounce, or frac- 
tion thereof, five cents. Newspapers, one cent for every two 


Published quarterly by The American Colonization Society, is 
intended to record the Society's proceedings, and all movements for 
the civilization and evangelization of Africa. It is sent, without chaise 
when requested, to the officers of the Society and of its Auxiliaries, to 
life members and to annual contributors of ten dollars and upwards to 
the funds of this Society. To subscribers it is supplied at One Dollar 
per annum, payable in advance. Orders or remittances for it should 
be sent to William Coppinger, Secretary and Treasurer, Coloniza- 
tion Rooms, Washington, D. C. 




Organited, January i, 1817. Incorporated, March aa, 1837. 

Articlb I. This Society shall be called " The American Colonization Society." 
Article 2. The objects of this Society shall be to aid the Colonization of Afnca by 
voluntary colored etnigranta from the United States, and to promote there the extension of 
Christianity and civilization. 

Articlb 3. Every citizen of the United States who shall have paid to the funds of the 
Society the sum of one dollar, shall be a member of the Society for one year from the time 
of such payment. Any citizen who shall have paid the sum of thirty dollars, shall he a 
member for life. And any citizen paying the sum of one thousand dollars, shall be a Di- 
rector for life. Foreigners may be made members by a vote of the Society or of the Directors 
Articlb 4. The Society shall meet annually at Washington on the third Tuesday in 
January, and at such other times and places as they shall direct. At the annual meeting, a 
President and Vice-Presidents shall be chosen, who shall perform the duties appropriate 
to those oflBces. 

Articlb 5. There shall be a Board of Directors composed of the Directors for life, and 
of Delegates from the several Au.xiliary Societies. Each of such Societies shall be entitled 
to one delegate for every five hundred dollars paid into the treasury of this Society within 
the year ending on the day of the annual mt«ting. 

Article 6. The Board shall annually appoint one or more Secretaries, a Treasurer, 

and an E.xecutive Committee of seven persons; all of whom shall, ex-ojfcj'a, be members of 

the Board. The President of the Society shall also be a Director, ex-cfficio, and President 

of the Board; but In his absence at any meeting a Chairman ihall be appointed to preside. 

I Article 7. The Board of Directors shall meet in Washington at twelve o'clock M., on 

I j the third Tuesday of January in each year, and at such other times and places as it shall ap- 

i point, or at the request of the Executive Committee, and at the request of any three of the 

!• Auxiliary Societies, communicated to the Corresponding Secreury. Seven Directors shall 

form a quorum for the transaction of business. 

Article 8. The Executive Committee shall meet according to its own appointment or at 

the call of tlie becretary. This Committee shall have discretionary power to transact the busi- 

Ij ne<!sof the Society, subject only to such limitations as are found in its charter,in this Coosti- 

I' tu'.ion, and in the votes that have been passed, or may hereafter be passed, by the Board of 
} Directors. The Secretary and Treasurer shal! be members of the Committee ex-ojicio, with 
j th<" right to deliberate, but not to vote. The Committee is authorized to fill all vacancies 
' in its own body; to appoint a Secretary or Treasurer whenever such oflices are vacant; and 
j to appoint and direct such Agents as may be necessary for the service of the Society. At 
j ev<>r>' annual meeting, the Committee shall report their doings to the Society, and to the 
' Board of Directors. 

i Article 9. This Constitution may be amended upon a proposition to that effect, made ,; 

I and approved at any meeting of the Board of Directors, or made by any of the Auxiliary \\ 
(j Societies representeil in the Board of Directors, transmitted to the Secretary, and published l| 
ij in the official patK-r of the Society three months before the annual meetine; provided such || 
t amendment receive the sanctioo of two-third* of the Board at its next anmial meeting. |