(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Annual report of the Boston Water Board, for the year ending .."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06660 948 6 






'■ -: 1 *^' li ■ N: p»' r"; '^^ f- i 



WATER BOARD 













// 






• 



^0sf0NIA^"/% 

:>aOTITA.A.D.i/5?/ 




187 


. 





9^0<!sMwy^ 



RESENTED TOTHe|q*^^J^ ^0- 




V/?'^ 



V(s^3^-'^^km\j'^Jx}:^^Q^m^ 



M^...^ JkAj. ,._ _b^i^£:::\_o^„ 



/^ ^ 



With Compliments of 

Boston Water Board, 



\ 



Digitized by the Internet Arcinive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofbo1879bost 



THIRD ANNUAL REPORT 



Boston Water Boaed, 



TEAR ENDING APRIL 30, 1879. 




BOSTON: 
ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

Xo. 39 ARCH STREET. 
18 79. 



/i' 



[Document 79 — 1879.] 



CITY OF 




THIRD ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

BOSTON WATER BOARD, 

FOR THE TEAR ENDING APRIL 30, 1879. 



Office of the Boston Watee Board, 

May 1, 1879. 

To the City Council of the City of Boston : — 

The Boston Water Board respectfully submit their third 
annual report, and transmit to the City Council reports from 
the City Engineer and the Water Registrar, as required by 
the ordinance establishing the Board. They also present 
reports from the Clerk of the Board, from the Clerk and 
Registrar of the Mystic Department, from the Superintend- 
ents of Eastern and Western Divisions of the Cochituate, 
and the Superintendent of the Mystic Water Works. 

The Board have still to say, that it has consumed a great 
deal of time, and required almost constant thought, to look 
after, and properly investigate the numerous claims for 
damages occasioned by the action of the city in providing 
an additional supply of pare water; and they feel justified 
in remarking that this has been a service, the difficulties of 
Avhich can hardly be appreciated except by those who have 
had similar work to do. They hope and believe that they 
have been reasonably successful, in rendering a full equiva- 



2 City Document No. 79. 

lent to individuals for all interference with their rights and 
property which a great public necessity made necessary, at 
the same time that they have protected the interests of the 
city, and saved its treasury many times from the payment of 
exorbitant and improper demands. The whole number of 
claims settled up to May 1, 1879, is 204. The amount paid 
for land and water damages to same date, $930,527.23. 

In former reports of the Board the Council were informed 
that changes were gradually being made in the business of 
the Water Department, which seemed to be desirable and 
necessary ; and that, notwithstanding the greater part of the 
time of the Board was devoted to the new supply works, and 
the questions and settlements connected therewith, steady 
progress in this direction was being made. They now add 
their belief that these changes are making the department 
more effective and less expensive. 

The Board was organized on the 1st day of August, 1876, 
and early in the year 1877 the powers given them in the 
ordinance were changed and limited by a special order of the 
City Council, known as the retrenchment order. The sum 
authorized to be expended for clerk-hire was fixed ; for a 
while the employment of labor was restricted, except as 
authorized by the Committee on Water ; and the report of 
the Committee on Retrenchment, which was accepted by the 
City Council, promised later on in the season another report 
on the question of still further reducing the number of em- 
ployes, and on the consolidation or abolishment of some of 
the departments. Under these circumstances, in making 
their first annual report, May 1877, the Board could only 
indicate what were their intentions in relation to a reorgani- 
zation, and especially in relation to a new system of book- 
keeping, which they early concluded was necessary ; and, 
after referring to the retrenchment order as interfering with 
their plans, they added that they could only be matured and 
presented at some future time for the consideration of the 
Council. 

Early in February, 1878, they sent a communication to 
the Council, asking for authority to employ an expert ac- 
countant, and an order was passed soon after, granting such 
authority, and appropriating $500 to be used for the purpose. 
An expert was at once employed, and a system of book- 
keeping adopted which is now in use, and which, it is 
believed, is a marked improvement upon the one it super- 
sedes. 

The adoption of a new system of keeping accounts 
brought up an old question, which had been many times dis- 
cussed by former Water Boards, and which was of great 



Report of the Water Board. 3 

interest to this Board on account of its bearing upon another 
question, to wit, a change in the tariff of water rates. The 
question was, Shall the income of the Water Department 
be used in payment of the city debt, other than the outstand- 
ing water loan, or water scrip? 

For many years, beginning with 1858, the City Auditor, 
in making up his estimates of the amount which would be 
required to carry on the government for the year, had de- 
ducted from the sum of the interest on the general city debt, 
an amount which would cover the interest on the difference 
between the whole amount expended by the city for the 
Cochituate Water Works, and the amount of the outstanding 
water loan ; presuming that the Council would direct so 
much of the interest on the general debt to be taken from 
the income of the Cochituate Water Works ; the theory be- 
ing, that so much of the general city debt had been incurred 
for the benefit of the water works, and was due from the 
Water Department to the Treasury. These estimates of the 
Auditor had each year been referred by the Council to a 
joint special committee, who had adopted his policy, and 
made reports in accordance therewith, which reports had 
been accepted by the City Council, and orders passed direct- 
ins: the manner in which the income of the water works 
should be used. 

In 1877 the joint special committee on the Auditor's 
estimates, of which the present Mayor was chairman, having, 
as they said, fully considered the matter, recommended that 
" all the expenditures for carrying on, maintaining, and extend- 
ing the Cochituate Water Works, with the interest on the 
Cochituate Water Loans and the cost of the works, and 
premium and exchange with which a part of said interest is 
paid, be defrayed from the revenue received from said works." 
— [See City Document, No. 40, 1877, pages 6 and 7.] 
Previous to this time the form of report had been different. 
Special appropriations for the waterworks and water interest 
had been made, and authority given in the order levying a 
tax for the year, to use the income of the works, as estimated, 
by the Auditor, in payment of interest. 

It had seemed to this Board at least questionable whether 
the income of the water works could rightfully be used to 
pay interest on a sum assumed to be due from the water 
works to the Treasury Department, or whether any water 
debt existed except the outstanding water scrip ; and in- 
asmuch as the income, if so used, would leave the surplus 
too small to admit of a reduction of the water rates, — a very 
desirable thing to be accomplished if possible, — they had 
repeatedly objected to such use, and had pressed their 



4 City Document No. 79. 

opinion on the subject quite as far as propriety or a decent 
respect to the judgment of other city officials, and the City 
Council, would warrant. 

Late in 1876 the Joint Standing Committee on Water 
made a report on the petition of the Standard Sugar Refinery, 
and others, foi- a reduction in the price of water furnished 
through meters, recommending a reference of the matter to 
this Board, with the request that a reduction not exceeding 
one cent per one hundred gallons be made in the price of 
metered water, after April 1, 1877. The committee had 
given the petitioners a public hearing, which was very 
fully attended, and the reasons given by the petitioners for 
claiming a reduction were such as could only be answered 
by a statement that the water supply would not be equal to 
the increased consumption, or that the reduced income would 
be insufficient to meet the requirements of the statute. The 
first of these objections could be overcome by the early com- 
pletion of the Sudbury-river conduit, and the last only by 
a change in the policy of using a portion of the income of 
the Cochituate Water Works, for the payment of a portion of 
the interest on the general city debt. The Board had no, 
doubt as to the sufficiency of the supply of water ; but, as it 
was evident that the income of the works would again be 
required by the Council to contribute towards the interest on 
the city debt, their only course was to figure upon that 
basis, and a reduction of one-half cent per hundred gallons 
was all that could safely be made. 

In the report of the Committee on Water this good reason 
was given for making a distinction in favor of those to whom 
water was furnished through meters, while no reduction was 
proposed in the price of water supplied for ordinary house- 
hold and domestic purposes, viz. : the meter-takers were 
paying twenty-five per cent, of the entire yearly revenue, 
and using only 16|^ per cent, of the total consumption of 
water. 

The Act of the Legislature, passed March 31, 1875, estab- 
lishing the Boston Water Board, contains this provision : 
"Said Board may also establish and regulate the price or 
rents for the use of water, subject to the provisions of sec- 
tions 12 and 13 of Chapter 167 of the Acts of 1846; and 
the words, 'Boston Water Scrip,' in said sections, shall be 
construed to include the whole amount of outstanding loans 
representing the cost of the water works." Immediately 
after the first organization of the Board, the old rates were 
established until otherwise ordered ; and in the first report 
of the Board they say that careful ctmiparisons and calcula- 
tions will be necessary in determining what changes can and 



Eeport or THE Water Board. 5 

ought to be made. They were soon convinced that a new 
tariif of water rates was much needed ; and time has in- 
creased the evidence that complaints and murmurings over 
water bills, frequently made, are not always without reason. 
To prepare such a tariff two things are necessary : time to 
investigate, make comparisons and calculations, and the assur- 
ance that the condition of the income, rents, and receipts will 
be such as to warrant reduced prices, without violating the 
provisions of the statute referred to. With this duty press- 
ing upon them, the Board, at the commencement of the 
present year, determined to make a strong effort to effect a 
change in the policy of using the income of the water works 
to pay interest on an assumed debt, and such arguments 
as they could use were brought to bear upon the Auditor in 
season to influence him in making up his annual estimates. 
On the 4th of January, before the present city government 
was organized, the following vote was passed ; — 

''Voted, That the Auditor of Accounts be requested to furnish the 
Board with a written statement, showing the amounts of interest trans- 
ferred from City Interest to Cochituate Water Interest, in each year 
since the establishment of the Cochituate Water Works, and vip to 
January 1, 1879; also the rate of interest and the amounts on which 
the interest was cast in each year." 

It will be needless to present the figures and statements 
which were afterwards prepared and made by the Board to 
show the effect of the former policy on the water accounts, 
for they found their way into the " Sunday Herald," of Feb- 
ruary 23, 1879, and were used again in a communication 
from His Honor The Mayor to the City Council, on the 21st 
of April, 1879. The important point lies in the fact that 
on the 24th of January, 1879, the Auditor informed the 
Board that, after consultation with the Mayor and the City 
Solicitor, he had decided that a tax should be levied for all 
interest on the city debt over the amount which might be 
due on the water scrip, and that he should make his estimate 
accordingly. This decision seemed to be a warrant at least 
for a further reduction of the meter rates and the next day 
the following vote was passed by the Board : — 

''Voted, That on and after the 1st day of April, 1879, the rate for 
metered water be fixed at two "(2) cents per one hundred gallons, in- 
stead of two and one-half (2^) cents, as heretofore," 

— thus making good the promise in former reports, that 
such a reduction should be made, as soon as it could be done 



6 City Document No. 79. 

in unquestioned compliance with the statute under which the 
water works were established. 

Except for water supplied through meters, no alteration in 
the water rates can take effect until the commencement of 
another year, as the bills for the use of water are made out 
and payable in advance on the first day of January of each 
year ; but, as before reported, it has been the study of the 
Board to know how to equalize and modify the present rates 
and regulations, and they have been preparing themselves 
for the work of making a new tariff, to be ready for use at 
the commencement of the next year. The Water Board who 
prepared the original tariff of rates, etc., say in their report : 
" We have devoted much attention to the maturiug^ of the 
system of rates to be charged for the use of water upon a 
basis which shall favor its introduction for all purposes for 
which it can be advantageously used, at prices which, while 
they are just and reasonable, will be likely to insure the 
greatest amount of income to indemnify the city for the cost 
of the work." The condition of things is so different now, 
that to do the work proposed, in a judicious and satisfactory 
manner, will be a laborious and difficult task. 

The communication sent to the Council by His Honor the 
Mayor, which has been referred to, gives the amounts taken 
each year since 1858, from the income of the Cochituate 
Water VV^orks, to pay interest on city debt over and above 
the amount of interest due on the outstanding water scrip, 
and the opinion of City Solicitors Chandler and Healy as to 
the use which must be made under the act of 1846, with the 
net income, rents and receipts of the water wbrks. It then 
says: "It is surprising that not only the Treasury should 
have claimed these large amounts without right, but that the 
Water Board should have surrendered its just dues without 
objection ; " and adds immediately," for the latter, recognizing 
the obligation of the statute touching the water income, 
drew the attention of the City Council to this unlawful 
diversion in their annual report of 1858, and again in their 
report for 1860." That this is correct, an examination of 
the reports referred to will clearly show ; and that the Cochit- 
uate Water Board, up to the time of its ceasing to exist, held 
the same views and made the same objections, is said to be 
the case. It is certain that the Boston Water Board have 
always questioned the authority of the Council to use the 
income received from water rents to pay any other interest 
than that due on the outstanding water scrip, and their 
opinion has been fully understood by city officials having 
control of the matter. 



Kepoht or THE Water Board. 7 

It should be borue in mind that the revenue received by 
the Water Department is paid immediately into the City 
Treasury, and it is paid out only by the Treasurer, whose 
authority is limited by appropriations previously made by 
the City Council. The Water Board are authorized to incur 
expenditures, "provided that they shall not exceed, in the 
aggregate, the sums previously appropriated or authorized 
by the City Council for the care, maintenance, repair, and 
enlargement, of the Water Works " (see ordinance estab- 
lishing the Boston Water Board) ; and all bills for expendi- 
tures by the Water Department, before they are paid by the 
Treasurer, must be drawn for by said Board, examined by 
the Auditor, and approved by the Committee on Accounts. 
The interest on the water-debt has been paid hy the Treas- 
urer without any action of the Water Board, and without 
notification or consultation with them. It is difficult there- 
fore for the Board to understand what is meant by " sur- 
rendering their just dues without objection." It is plain 
that they cannot be justly charged with quietly endorsing 
the policy of using the income of the water-rents for the 
payment of an assumed indebtedness. On the contrary, 
they persevered in their objection until the Auditor, as he 
states in his explanation of his estimates for 1879-80 
(City Document No. 27, 1879, page 4), "estimated the in- 
terest appropriation to meet the views of the Water Board," 
subject, of course, to the action of the City Council. 

There is another matter referred to in the Mayor's com- 
munication, which it may do no harm to notice. It is said 
that the Water Board have not discriminated between what 
was properly chargeable to construction account, and what, 
in the words of the statute, should be regarded as the ex- 
penses and charges of distribution. It is singular that this 
statement should have been made immediately following 
another, in figures, taken from the reports of the Water 
Boards, commencing in 1858 and ending in 1878, of the 
amounts which each Board, during that period, had given to 
show the distinction they had made between construction 
and maintenance, and which aggregate $1,394,827.88. It 
would seem as if the fact of discrimination, with the figures 
to prove it, had been adduced to show that there had been 
no discrimination. But it will be said, perhaps, that the 
question is, How have these amounts been paid? The 
answer is. In the only way provided, — out of the appro- 
priations made for the purpose by the City Council. 

The question whether the payment of the above sum, — 
$1,394,827.88, — out of the income from rents and receipts, 
was illegal, and not in accordance with the 11th section of 



8 City Document No. 79. 

Chapter 167 of the Acts of 1846, will depend upon what is 
meant in the act by the expression, " after deducting all ex- 
penses and charges of distribution ; " and it seems to this 
Board that the decision that it was illegal must have been 
arrived at without a very careful examination of all the facts 
bearing upon the question. Going back to the earliest report 
on the subject of supplying the city with soft water, and fol- 
lowing the history of the water supply down to the passage 
of the Act of 1846, it will be found that in the estimates 
made, and at the hearings before Committees of the Legisla- 
ture, the engineers, the petitioners, and remonstrants, always 
made a distinction between bringing water to the city, and 
distributing it through the city ; and that distribution was 
the term ajDplled to the whole system of water-pipes within 
the city. The act itself keeps up the distinction, and all 
along down from that time until very recently, committees, 
commissioners, and engineers, uniformly refer to distribution 
as having this meaning. It is not unlikely, therefore, that 
the committee to whom the communication of His Honor 
was referred, may find that the use of the income of the 
works for the greater part, if not of all, the expenditures 
referred to, was strictly legal, and that judgment to the con- 
trary was too hastily formed. 

In common with everybody having an interest in city 
affairs, the Board hope and believe that the City Council, in 
reviewing its work, will come to a right conclusion ; and, if 
it is found that any transfers from one account to another 
are necessary, they will of course be properly made. 
On the question of the use of water income for the pay- 
ment of interest beyond the amounts due on the water 
loan, or water scrip, the Board have a decided opinion 
which has been too often stated to need repetition. Beyond 
this, there is at least room for doubt whether any transfer 
will be required. If, however, it should be necessary, a 
distinction will be found on the books of this Board, between 
construction and maintenance, which, as a matter of pro- 
priety and for convenience of reference, has always been 
made. 



CocHiTUATE Department. 

The Board can still report favorably upon the general 
condition of this department, while they call the attention of 
the Council to the accompanying reports for more particular 
information concerning it. 

The appearance of the property of the city at Chestnut 



Report of the Water Board. 9 

Hill has been very much improved the past season. The 
erection of a fine stone building, to be used for a barn 
and stable, and the removal of the old wooden buildings 
used heretofore for the same purpose ; the completion of the 
terminal gate-house of the Sudbury-river conduit, an attract- 
ive and substantial edifice, located near the basins ; the 
thriftiness of the numerous young trees set out along the 
roadway and through the grounds, and the good condition 
of the fences and walls, give an appearance of interest and 
care, creditable to the Superintendent in charge, and to the 
city. 

The other reservoirs and grounds have been well cared for 
and kept in excellent condition. The Superintendent of the 
Eastern Division has expressed dissatisfaction with a portion 
of the fence around the Parker Hill reservoir grounds, and 
the construction of a new one would have been authorized, 
but for the refusal of the owner of the adjoining estate to 
bear a fair proportion of the expense. The shops and yards 
are in good order, and the Board know of no neglect or 
want of care in either division of the department. 

The new Worthington pumping-engine at the Elmwood- 
street station has been in constant use. It does its work at 
much less cost than the other engines, and its performance 
has been, in all respects, highly satisfactory. 

The report of the City Engineer gives the quantity of 
water diverted from Sudbury river into Lake Cochituate 
during eight months of the year, and the quantity diverted 
directly to Chestnut-hill reservoir ; making the whole quan- 
tity of Sudbury-river water supplied to the city 3,422,100,000 
gallons, — equivalent to a daily supply of 9,375,000 gallons. 
The use of Dug and Dudley ponds, the effect of the supply 
from Sudbury river upon the surface of Lake Cochituate 
throughout the year, the condition and use of both the Co- 
chituate and Sudbury-river conduits, of the low and high 
service reservoirs, with a special notice of the effect of 
anchor ice on several days in the latter part of the month of 
December, 1878, the condition and use of the pumping-en- 
gines, with a statement of operations at the pumping-sta- 
tions, the cost of pumping, the additions to the pipe plans, 
can all be found in this report. It contains also a full state- 
ment of the consumption of water in 1878, making the 
average daily use throughout the year, 23,205,700 gallons, — 
an increase of 12.2 per cent, above the consumption of 1877. 

A very interesting statement from Professor Wm. Ripley 
Nichols, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ac- 
companies the report, which gives the results of his analyses 
of the water supplied by the Cochituate works, to which the 



10 City Document No. 79. 

attention of the Council is specially called- His examinations 
show that, as in previous years, there is some variation from 
time to time in the quality of Boston water ; but he con- 
cludes his paragraph on this subject with this remark : " We 
have every reason to congratulate ourselves upon the char- 
acter of our water supply." 

Tables on evaporation, showing the results of experiments 
and observations, and on the rainfalls, the heights of the 
reservoirs and water in the lake, the quantity of water con- 
sumed and wasted, etc., etc., are appended to the Engineer's 
report. 

The Superintendent of the Western Division reports 
upon Lake Cochituate, Dug and Dudley ponds, and the 
Chestnut Hill and Brookline reservoirs, all under his charge, 
and on the grounds and property connected therewith. The 
condition of the Cochituate aqueduct, the pressure under 
which it has been run, and a particular statement of what was 
observed at the time of its annual examination, June 11, 1878, 
will be found in this report. It also gives information con- 
cerning the Sudbury-river conduit, which was given into his 
charge Feb. 10, 1879, and some particulars in relation to the 
new terminal gate-house, and the new barn and stable. A 
schedule of city property belonging to the Western Division 
is appended to this report. 

From the report of the Superintendent of the Eastern 
Division it appears that the whole quantity of main pipe laid 
during the year was 40,815 feet, equal to 8^||^ miles. 
3,340 feet of pipe were relaid. The length and sizes were as 
follows : — 

260 feet, 60-inch. 



Relaid, 



207 




48 " 


7 




16 " 


9,632 




12 " 


10,233 




8 '' 


19,361 




6 " 


1,115 




4 ii 


40,815 






c 


1,628 feet 12-inch. 


3,340 




561 " 6 " 
1,151 " 4 " 



44,155 



116 stopcocks and 117 hydrants have been put in, and 30 
hydrants have been abandoned. The number of service- 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 11 

pipes put in during the year was 796, or 22,943 feet in 
length. 245 service-pipes (2938 feet) were changed. 

The total leuffth of pipe laid from the commencement of 
the works to May 1, 1879, was 362 miles 3,494 feet. Total 
number of stopcocks, 3,889 ; hydrants, 4,075 ; service-pipes, 
44,317. 

The general condition of the works in this department, the 
I'eport says, is good. An account of stock on hand is ap- 
pended to this report. 

A contract for supply of cast-iron pipes for the present 
year was made on the 4th of April, with Messrs. McNeals 
and Archer, of Burlington, New Jersey, at an average price 
of $25.17 per ton, delivered, or $1.30 per ton less than paid 
in 1878. 

The Water Registrar reports the whole number of water- 
takers entered for the j'ear 1879, 51,523, — an increase over 
1878 of 1,553. The number of cases where the water has 
been turned off for non-payment of rates during the year is 
1,423 ; 416 less than in 1878. Of this number 1,140 have 
been turned on again, leaving 283 still remaining off, or 57 
less than the previous year. 

The number of meters now in use is 1,089. 680 are 5-8 
inch; 345, 1-inch; 43, 2-inch; 17, 3-inch; and 4, 4-inch; 
and water is supplied to 123 elevators, and 23 organs, where 
indicators are attached to determine the quantity of water 
consumed. 

The Water Registrar's report contains tables showing the 
premises where meters are attached, with the quantity of 
water consumed and the revenue received ; a statement show- 
ing the number of houses, stores, steam-engines, etc., sup- 
plied with water, with the amount of water rates received in 
1878 ; tables showing the yearly increase of water rates from 
January, 1850; the yearly revenue from Cochituate water 
since its introduction, Oct. 25, 1848 ; the number and location 
of drinking-fountains, etc., and the number and kinds of 
water fixtures in the city. 

The total receipts of the Cochituate Water Works, from 
all sources, for the year ending April 30, 1879, are as 
follows, viz. : — 

From sales of water $1,011,655 21 

From shutting off and letting on water and 

fees ...... . 3,145 75 

Sundry receipts by Water Board . . . 65,678 61 



Amount carried forward, $1,080,479 57 



12 



City Document No. 79. 



Amount brought forivard, $1,080,479 57 

The total amount charged to Cochitiiate 
Water Works, for the year endmg April 30, 
1879, is as follows, viz. : — 



Current expenses . 
Extension of works paid for 

out of income . 
Interest on funded debt 
Amount paid Mystic Water 

Works for water furnished 

East Boston 
Stock on hand not used 



$166,293 06 

62,438 70 
$617,378 20 



48,851 11 
8,322 59 



$903,283 66 



Excess of income over expenditures, paid to 
Cochituate Water Sinking Fund, April 30, 
1879. 



$177,195 91 



The outstanding Cochituate Water Loans 
at this date, exclusive of the Additional Sup- 
ply, are as follows : — 



5 per cent. Gold Loans 
5 per cent. Currency Loan 



6 per cent. Currency Loans 



$1,947,273 98 




Due Oct. 1 


1902 


. 102,000 00 1 


$2,000 
100,000 


Due Oct. 1 
Dun April 1 


1878 
1906 


1,000 00 


1,000 


Due Got. 1 


1907 




' 700,000 


Due Jan. 1 


1880 




50,000 


Due July 1 


1880 




300,000 


Due Dec. 1 


1897 




200,000 


Due Dec. 12 


1897 




450,000 


Due .June 16 


1898 




540,000 


Due Got. 1 


1898 




250,000 


Due April 1 


1899 




625,000 


Due Jan. 1 


1901 




688,000 


Due April 1 


1901 




330,000 


Due July 1 


1901 


. 5,003,000 00 < 


413,000 


Due April 1 


1903 




38,000 


Due April 1 


1904 




161,000 


Due Jan. "1 


1905 




142,700 


Due April 1 


1905 




6,000 


Due Get. 1 


1905 




82,550 


Due Jan. 1 


1906 




8,750 


Due April 1 


1906 




4,000 


Due Get. 1 


1906 




8,000 


Due Jan. 1 


1907 




5,000 


Due April 1 


1907 




1,000 


Due July 1 


1907 


$7,053,273 98 





Repoet of the Water Board. 13 



Mystic Department. 

The laying of a second line of force main pipe from the 
eno-ine house to Wahuit Hill reservoir, and a pipe, connect- 
ing direct!}^ with the distributing main, so that, if necessary, 
a supply of water independent of the reservoir can be ob- 
tiiined ; the construction of the new road referred to in pre- 
vious reports, from the reservoir grounds directly to the 
pinnping-station, with some alterations on the roadway 
around the reservoir, are the only changes of consequence 
made in this department during the year. All needful re- ' 
p lirs have been attended to, and everything connected with 
the works and property has been well kept up. 

The care of the Mystic Sewer was turned over to this de- 
partment November 27, 1878, it being so nearly completed 
that the services of a special superintendent could be dis- 
pensed with. 

The supply of water during the year has been abundant, 
and the quality good. A report from this Board, March 3, 
1879 (City Doc. No. 30), contains the result of an examina- 
tion made by Professor Nichols, of the Institute of Technol- 
oiiy, of four samples of the water drawn from the pipes in 
East Boston ; and the accompanying report of the City En- 
gineer gives, in addition, the analysis of samples of mud 
deposits taken from the bottom of the reservoir when the 
water was drawn off last fall. They show no deterioration 
in the quality of the water, and the sewer is now carrying 
away laige quantities of offensive matter which before found 
its way into streams running into the lake. 

The Board have very recently made a report to the Coun- 
cil, on the question of a modification of the contracts with 
the cities of Chelsea and Somerville, and the town of Ev- 
erett ; the ordinance providing that these contracts may be 
modified by an order of the Boston Water Board, approved 
by the(.'ity Council. As stated in the report referred to, it 
would seem as if the interest of all parties to the contracts 
would be promoted if the changes proposed could be carried 
into effect. 

A contract for a supply of Cumberland coal for the year 
was made, on the 17th of August, with Messrs. J. A. Wel- 
lington & Co., at $5.10 per ton of 2,200 lbs , delivered and 
weighed at the pumping-station. 

A contract for cast-iron pipes was made with Messrs. Mc- 
Neals and Archer, of Burlington, New Jersey, at an average 
of $25.12 per ton of 2,240 lbs., delivered as usual. 

The report of the City Engineer gives the condition of the 



14 City Document No. 79. 

water in the lake throughout the year ; the quantity drawn 
from it for use, and the waste over the dam, fish way, etc. ; the 
yield of the water-shed, equal to a daily yield of 32,986,800 
gallons, the amount of rainfall on the water-shed, 47.68 per 
cent, of which was received into the lake : the consumption, 
averaging daily8,515,768 gallons, — the largest quantity used 
in one day being 12,732,060 gallons, Jan. 8, and the smallest, 
6,505,240 gallons, April 28, 1879. It also shows the work 
done at the pumping-station, with the time each engine has 
been run ; the quantity of coal consumed, with the percentage 
of ashes and clinkers ; of water pumped, with the cost of 
pumping ; the height of water in the lake, and in the reservoir, 
wdth the average daily consumption during each month in the 
years 1876, 1877, 1878. 

The Superintendent's report gives information in relation to 
the work done during the year at the lake, the pumping-sta- 
tion, and the reservoir. It gives also the condition of the 
conduit and its appurtenances, the engines and boilers, and 
of the buildings and grounds. 

The Walnut-Hill reservoir was carefully examined in the 
fall, when the water was drawn oflf, which had not been done 
before for twelve years. It was found to be in good condi- 
tion, needing but slight repairs, which are refeired to and 
described in the report of the Superintendent, as well as the 
City Engineer. 

The whole quantity of coal used during the yfear was 
3,7002^0^5 tons, and the quantity on hand at this date 
is 305 ^^-^-Q tons. 

The additions, repairs, and condition of the supply mains 
and the distribution and service pipes will be found in the 
report of the Superintendent. It will be seen that during 
the past year 10,524 feet of pipe have been laid, as fol- 
lows : — 

New force main .... 3,366 feet of 30 inch. 

Kelaid in place of cement pipe con- 
demned 4,128 " 12 " 

Relaid in place of cement pipe con- 
demned . . . . . 12 " 10 " 

Relaid in place of cement pipe con- 
demned . . . . - 532 «♦ 8 " 

Eelaid in place of cement pipe con- 
demned I,a60 ♦' 6 " 

Relaid in place of cement pipe con- 
demned 432 i< 4 " 

Extension 444 ♦« 12 " 



Report of the Water Board. 15 

Extension ..... 



72 


feet 


8 inch. 


no 


( < 


6 " 


168 


(( 


4 " 



The total length of pipe laid from the co'mmencement of 
the work to May 1, 1879, is 29 miles 1,070 feet. The total 
number of gates is 1,081, and the total number of hydrants 
is 235. 

The number of service-pipes entered during the year is 
69. 

The Water Registrar reports the total number of water- 
takers entered for the year, 20,025, an increase over 1878 
of 1,295. The number of cases where the water has been 
turned off for non-payment of rates during the year is 463, 
or 185 less than in 1878. Of this number 343 have been 
turned on again, leaving 120 remaining off, or 235 less than 
in 1878. 

The number of meters in use is 202, the sizes of which 
are as follows : — 

85 |-inch ; 4 |-inch ; 65 1-inch ; 5 1^-inch ; 31 2-inch ; 7 
3-inch ; 5 4-inch, and 5 meters. 

Tables showing the premises where meters are attached, 
with the quantity of water consumed and the revenue re- 
ceived ; a statement of the dwellings, families, stores, etc., 
supplied with water, with the amount of the rates received, 
the number and kinds of water fixtures, and the number 
and location of stand-pipes, drinking fountains, etc., are 
appended to the Registrar's report. 

The total receipts of the Mystic Water Works from all 
sources, for the year ending April 30, 1879, are as follows, 
viz. : — 

From sales of water $264,445 42 

From shutting off and letting on water and 

fees 770 50 

Sundry receipts by Water Board . . 3,485 18 



The total amount charged to Mystic Water 
Works for the year ending April 30, 1879, is 
as follows, viz. : — 

Current expenses . . . $72,308 20 
Extension of works paid for out 

of income . . . . 25,522 74 



$268,701 10 



Amounts earned forward, $97,830 94 $268,701 10 



16 



City Document No. 79. 



Amounts brought forward, 

Interest on funded debt . 

Amount paid Chelsea, Somer- 
ville, and Everett, under 
contracts .... 

Stock on hand, not used 



197,830 94 
68,' '27 50 



23,794 62 
7,915 63 



$268,701 10 



$197,568 69 



Excess of income over expenditures paid to 
Mjstic Water Sinking Fund, April 30, 
1879 



171,132 41 



The outstanding Mystic Water loans at this date are as 
follows : — 



' ^26,000 Due Oct. 1 



per cent, currency Mystic 
Water Loans 



$613,000- 00' 



1,000 

35,000 

60,000 

60,000 

3,000 

100,000 

51,000 

139,000 



5 per cent, currency 
Water Loans 



Mystic 



410,000 00- 



6 per cent, currency Mystic Sewer 
Loans ..... 



Due April 1 
Due April 1 
Due Oct. 1 
Due Oct. 1 
Due April 1 
Due July 
Due Jan. 
Due July 



67,000 Due Jan. 
42,000 Due July 
39,000 Due July 

Due Oct. 
Due Oct. 
Due Oct. 
Due April 



100,000 

202,000 

6,000 

102,000 



1881 
1885 
1886 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1890 
1891 
1891 
1892 
1892 
1893 
1882 
1883 
1893 
1894 



130,000 00 130,000 Due April 1, 1886 



$1,153,000 00 



Mystic Sewer. 

The sewer was completed and put into use in the summer 
of 1878. The annual report of the City Engineer (City 
Document No. 22, 1879) gives a full description of it, with 
its branches and catch-basins, and the manner of its con- 
struction ; and the accompanying report of the Engineer 
refers to it, with some additional particulars in relation to its 
use. Its cost up to the present date is $106,218.36, and the 
Board believe that its usefulness will be equal to its cost. 
With two or three exceptions the tanneries along its line 
have been connected with it hj catch-pits and branch sew- 
ers, to be paid for by their proprietors, who have manifested 
a proper interest in the end to be accomplished by its con- 



Report of the Water Board. 17 

structioii, and met the Board in a commendable and liberal 
spirit. The others will undoubtedly soon follow their exam- 
ple, as there cannot be a question as to their legal liabilitj'' 
for contaminating the water taken by the city for use, and 
polluting the streams, to the injury and prejudice of others 
having the right to use the water ; and, besides, the right to 
use the sewer enhances materially the value of their estates. 
Settlements for land taken for the sewer, and for damage 
occasioned by alteration of grade, etc., have been made with 
nearly all the claimants, and when everything is closed up 
the addition to the cost, as stated, will not be large. 



Mystic Sewee. 

Balance of loan, April 30, 1878 . . . $124,290 57 

Receipts. 
Sales of old materials, etc. . . . 422 81 



$124,713 38 
Payments. 

To Mystic Water Sinking 

Fund .... $75,422 81 

Construction and land-dam- 
ages 25,508 93 

^100,931 74 



Balance unexpended April 30, 1879 . . $23,781 64 



SUDBUET-RIVER DEPARTMENT. 

In a communication, dated March 10, 1879 (City Document 
No. 37), the Board informed the Council that the appropria- 
tion for an additional supply of water had been reduced 
Feb. 25, 1879, to $90,416.^3, and that a further appropria- 
tion of $350,000 would be required. The whole amount 
appropriated up to that date w^as $5,062,886.80, and the 
expenditures had been $4,872,469.97, of which $694,671.30 
was for preliminary surveys, special investigations, tem- 
porary supply, and water or mill damages. The request 
was based upon a careful estimate, made by the City Engineer, 
of the amount that would be required to complete the works, 
and an estimate, made by the Board, of what, in their judg- 
ment, would be necessary to cover unsettled claims for 



! 

\ City Document No. 79. 

18 ; 

, lei' and land damages ; and the Board believe that the 
amount asked for will be sufficient to cover the remaining 
expenditures ; in which case the whole cost of the work will 
fall short of the original estimates at least $300,000, while 
the amount paid for water and mill damages will be very 
small compared with what was claimed, and what it was 
feared, by many, might be recovered. 

The work remaining unfinished on Section 10 of the con- 
duit at the time of our last report has since been completed, 
and the final estimate, as made up by the Engineer, has been 
paid. The contractors made a claim for extra work, which 
the Engineer could not allow, and the Board declined to 
pay. 

On the 25th of June, 1878, proposals for building the 
terminal gate-house at Chestnut Hill were opened, and a 
contract was afterwards made with W. H. Say ward, the 
lowest bidder, at $8,960. The building has beeu completed, 
and accepted by the Board, and was paid for Feb. 27, 1879 ; 
and the Sudbnry-river conduit, with its appertaining struct- 
ures, as stated in the report of the Engineer, have been 
fuliy completed, and placed under the charge of the Super- 
intendent of the Western Division of the Cochituate Works. 
Its use during the year 1878 can be seen by reference to the 
same report. Since January, 1879, it has been used 31 
days, and has conveyed 889,700,000 gallons of water to the 
reservoir. 

The conduit from Farm pond to Sudbury river, and a 
gate-house for the same, contracted for Sept. 20, 1878, have 
both been completed and paid for. 

The report of the City Engineer shows what progress has 
been made, during the year, with the storage-basins in 
Framingham, and their present condition. The contractors 
for building the superstructures of Dams Nos. 1 and 3 have 
finished their work, final estimates of which have been made 
by the Engineer, accepted, and paid. Basin No. 3 was filled 
with water, for the first time,. in December; and No. 1 has 
been kept full of water most of the winter. Plans for the 
gate-house for Dam No. 1 were adopted, and a contract made 
for its election Aug. 28 last. The work on the superstruct- 
ure of Dam No. 2 was not pushed forward to completion in 
tlie fall, as was expected. The Board deemed it expedient 
to extend the time for the completion of the contract, and it 
is hoped that the remaining work will be finished very soon, 

A great deal of the work which the construction of the 
storage-basins and the use of Farm pond necessitated, such 
as building new highways and bridges, alterations in the 
grade of roads and private grounds, leaving and protecting 



Eeport of the Water Board. 19 

railroad .embankments, cleaning the basins, ditching for sur- 
face drainage, etc., etc., has been put under contract during 
the year. The report of the City Engineer gives a statement 
of all these contracts, finished and unfinished, with necessary 
information concerning them. The same report contains a 
record of the rainfall in the Sudbury-river water-shed for 
the year ending at this date, 53.82 per cent, of which found 
its way into the river ; and also the total yield of the river 
and Farm pond for the same period, equal to an average daily 
flow of 103,100,000 gallons. 

On the 28th of October, 1878, by vote of the Board, the 
Engineer was directed to restore the highways, etc., inter- 
sected by the ditch connecting Farm pond with Beaver-dam 
brook, which had formerly been used for a temporary supply 
of water, but was no longer of any service to the city. 

The following statement shows the takings of water and 
lands under the Sudbury-river Act of 1872, the dates indicat- 
ing what has been done since our last report : — 



20 



City Document No. 79. 



1^ 



't^ 



t> 



^ 









13 






T3 


■o 






"cj 13 




alth, 
R.K. 

lark, 

.s. 










o 


s ^ 




h 


h 




t. >^ 












o 


n . o 




O 












? 0? 










IH 


1 -1 




O 












Sec ° 






-B 




*5b 




2 


u 

"3 
c 




"a "a 




a ^ .-• 

-tH « 

a!2i .i: 

a >jO a 

° a 






C3 






O SB 




M 


;3) 




'Sj 'So 








a 




o 






*c 


'E 




•C 'E 




.-d'Si 






& 


a c 


^ 
i 




o 





•73 





a 


am5'^ 


■6 






s s 


c 


gS -5 B 


B 


n 


B 


c 


c c a 


S 


a 


a 




h2 hS 


rt 


1-3 5 ^ 


a 


a 


a 


a 


a a a 





S 


a 


a 




15 |2i 


E 


-,-^ iJ On 


S 


E 


S 


K 


EE S 


Iz; 




S 


s 


(0 


^ t- 


« 


CO ^ ?J 


to 


^ 


(N 


r 


*e< —1 


CO 


j^ 


oq 


^ 


bo 


•* -* 


o 


O <M O 




CO 


m 




. 00 iO 




01 


to 




P-i 






I-l 0^ T-l 


N 


o 


(M 






■* 


CO 




CO 




t- t- 


t- 


t- 00 t~ 


. 


00 


^ 


^ 


i-oo 


^ 


to 


_^ 


J^ 




(M IM 


c^ 


c. « c. 


IM 


5i 


IM 


IN 


(M 01 
01 ■* 


N 


-V 


■* 


Tf 


•6 


„ 




"2 - 




^ 


. 






. 




,a 




o 
o 


n 




^ s 




3 


a 






c 




hJ 


" 


.2 




" .2 













_o 
































P5 


■S ' 


* 


T3 .;§ 


" 




is 


" 


" 


'H 




"S 


, 


(M 


h 






u 






i-, 








o 


fi 




«(2 




ft 


a 






^ 




ft 




o 


Sh 




Sh Vi 












<tH 








o 


o 




o o 




o 



















W 


M - 


^ 


J<1 J.S 


, 


M 


M 


^ 


- M 


M 


M 


M 


^ 




o - 




o o 




O 







- . 















o 




o o 




o 







- 















W 




m M 




fQ 


PQ 




M 


03 


n 


P5 




ti 


>n 








to 






^ 




06 






.5 


1 - 


^ 


" s ; 


~ 




- 


: 


£" " 


z 


00 


: 


I 


•^ 










T— ' 






rH 




r~( 






P^ 




























t- IN 


Oi 


» t- t- 


O 




in 




t- r-H cq 


-* 




(N 


CO 


o 


rl C^ 






tH 


(M 






I-( CO CJ 


rH 


IN 




(N 


2 


03 - 


o 

a 
S 

1-5 




d 
ft 


<1 


1 


ft 


1=1 


'5 

>-5 


^ 

S 


•-5 


3 


>j 


H 




. H 






X 




kl 


M 








;. 






a) 










■S 


0) 










s 




. ^ s 




M 






s ^ 


s 








■| 


-3 ' 


- 


= ^ ^ 


- 


[o 


— 
^ 


- 


' ^ -2 


s 


- 


- 


- 


'^ 


tS 




t, n3 




^< 


13 




s 


TJ 








« 


s 








o 


s 




^^ 


§ 












^„ 


, , ._ , 











> . . „ 




A 











1^ 


a . 


2; =0 -NTS • 


a 


&^; 

a 

§ • 
ft^ 

a c 

>>.2 

■^ t; 

ft^ 
d 

Si 

'2 ^ 


3 • 


c 
a 




•13 

at 


ftc a 


. .— a a . 

•pq- ofH 

•l-g)-.? 

• '^ .= a a • 
"tH a i;o 

• .a r"- 1 ° ■ 

• ^0 a . 
a .-<.w 

. a t^ -^s 

■ '^-'^ a 
•0«pq a 


a 

pa 


tM 
' 


a 

E-i 




. i-s : 
^ :1 : 

a • ca ■ 

l-f- 

fH "a • 

a •!:; 
■^ -fig 

1 :.| g 

S •<] . 
s o o 


c ■? " J S • 

-a (^ « S - 

■g § s a'^ 
a J ft_g2 

■S S 2 "^ "S - 
■^ o S " -d S 


1; 

1 • 

m . 

M > 
^ . 

a • 

a . 

a ■£ 

.a ~" 
TJi-i 


<3 : 
ft . 

V • 

•?^ 

5 « 

t3 C 
» 

11 

a 

I- . 
>>c 
S ° 

g 


M ' 
. 

a . 

a • 
M . 

-2 !^ 

a --5 

SB c' 

C'TP. 

a-B 

l£ a t 

•" c 
^^!2 


•Iz; 
".a 

.a 
• a) 
. p 

G^ >> 

g 

MtM 

6° 


«-a-5 

ft S'o 
, '^ a 

CK a'— 

00 a a 

II i 


.2 
a 

T3 

a 
a 

a 

a 

.a 

a 

a 

1h 


S g 
t> 

i 

a ° 

G » 

'^ a 
■Sis 






U^ 


§--^|§- 


iS 


ai^ 


5 


S"- 


.s.ai^ 


gSf.H^§SKP?.£ 


a'S 






J 


•iv^^i- 


hj 


J 


iJ 


hJ 


S§J 


►-5 


1-1 




hJ 


''^~— 


^~.*-— ^ 










W PQ -^ 




'' 




^— ^^— 




trS 








to 






^ 




OO 










- 


* • - 


- 


00 


- 


c 


•* " » 


- 


OT 


- 


: 




rH 














rf 




^~~ 






o 


























■S 


r-^ CO 


CO 


to to o 








00 


(OOO to 


tH 


CO 


00 




ea 


■N s 




(N C^ CO 






rH 


c< 


CM IM (M 








(N 


ft 










^^ 






, , 




^^ 






g ^ 
►? ^ 


1-5 


-J 


o 




: 


>. 


0. 'C 

u - P< 




a 

j3 


p< 


a 
3 


si) 

P 




OQ 


ft 


■«5 




•^ 


ft ■< 


i-s 


<i 


»-D 


<^ 




H « 


« 


'J* w « 


^ 


» 





C 


H« « 


^ 


le 


:D 


l» 


a 














M 


w « H 


H 


H 


H 


H 


< M 


Q 


A ii i( 


V 


n 


H 


^ 


K^ g 


ft 





h 


«? 




^• >« 




























■* 


•* 


>« '* >• 


^ 


^ 


^ 


•* 


■* 


^ '^ 


*• 


"• 


" 


■* 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



21 



Fifty-six claims have been settled and paid during the 
year, amounting to $458,997.93 ; which, added to former set- 
tlements, makes the whole number 204, and the whole 
amount $930,527.23. 

In addition to these, agreements have been made for the 
settlement of 5 more, amounting to $15,650, — to be paid as 
soon as the necessary releases have been signed. Out of the 
209 claims, 6 only have been tried in court, and verdicts ren- 
dered by juries. The judgtaent and execution, with costs, 
for 3 of these, were less than the awards of Commissioners, 
or the offer of the Board, and for the others considerably 
more. Several important claims are now on the trial list of 
cases in court, and must soon be determined. The Board 
hold themselves ready always to meet the claimants in an 
amicable settlement if possible, and they appeal to, or wait 
for the decision of the courts, only as a matter of absolute 
necessity. 

The following statement shows the appropriations by the 
City Council for an additional supply of water, with the 
loans issued to meet them, and the amount of expenditures 
to this date : — 



Additional Supply of Water. 



APPROPRIATIONS . 



Oct. 21, 1871.— Transfer from Reserved Fund. 
Apr. 12, 1872. — Order for Treasurer to borrow 
Apr. 11, 1873.— 
Feb. 26, 1875.— 
July 1, 1876.— 
Apr. 20, 1878. — 

Total appropriations to April 30, 1878 . 



$10,000 00 
100,000 00 
500,000 00 
1,500,000 00 
2,000,000 00 
600,000 00 

$4,710,000 00 



Oct. 1, 1875.— Premium on $1,000,000 bonds under 

order of Feb. 26, 1875, $83,700 00 

April 1, 1876. —Premium on $452,000 bonds, 

under order of Feb. 26. 

1875. . . . • 47,786 80 
Oct. 1, 1876.— Premium on $2,000,000 

bonds, under order of 

July 1, 1876 . • • 221,400 00 



352,886 80 



Carried forward. 



$5,062,886 80 



22 



City Document No. 79. 



Brought forward, 

EXPENDED. 

1871-72 

1871-73 

1873-74 including $20,897.50 dis- 
count on bonds sold 
January, 1874 

1874-75 

1875-76 

1876-77 

1877-78 . . . . . 

1878-79 


$2,302 81 
61,278 83 

114,102 77 
224,956 68 
783,613 49 
1,924,060 24 
1,257,715 26 
635,658 08 


15,062,886 80 
5,003,688 16 




30, 1879. 




Balance of appropriations unexpended April 


$59,198 64 


Balance of loans April 30, 1878 

Receipts. 

Sales of land, etc. 

New loan issued .... 


$94,856 72 

$9,874 21 
600,000 00 




$704,730 93 



Payments. 

To sinking fund . \ . $9,874 21 
Sundry payments for construc- 
tion, land-damages, etc. . 635,658 08 



Balance unexpended April 30, 1879 



$645,532 29 
$59,198 64 



The outstanding loans which were made on account of Ad- 
ditional Supply of Water are as follows : — 



4 per cent. Currency Loans, $588,000 
6 per cent. Gold Loans, $3,452,000 
per cent. Currency Loan, 12,000 



6 per cent. Currency Loans, 



,000 J 



I 



Due April 1, 1908 

^1,000,000 Due Oct. 1, 1905 

452,000 Due April 1, 1906 

2,000,000 Due Oct. 1, 1906 

Due April 1, 1908 

100,000 Due July 1, 1902 

492,000 Due April 1, 1903 

8,000 Due Jan'yl, 1904 

48,000 Due July 1, 1905 



[$4,700,000 
.New Loan ordered April 11, 1879, but not issued, $350,000 00 



Repoet of the Water Boaed. 23 

Waste. 

The consumption of water from the Cochituate Works 
for the year 1878 reached 8,470,075,300 gallons, averaging 
daily 23,205,700 gallons, a considerable increase over the 
consumption in 1877. We are now using nearly 80 gallons 
of water to each inhabitant, which is at least double what we 
should use. In January, 1876, the average daily use reached 
28,400,000 gallons, or about 100 gallons per person. There 
can be no question that the quantity of water wasted is very 
large, and that something should be done to prevent it. The 
Board have never been unmindful of this fact, and have felt 
that it was one of their most important duties to seek out a 
remedy for the evil. Waste is never justifiable, not even in 
the use of water. Within a few months the City Engineer 
has called the attention of the Board repeatedly and specially 
to the subject, and emphasized his fears as to the result if 
some preventive measures are not soon taken. In his report 
will be found an elaborate statement of the case, with dia- 
grams and figures to illustrate and show the correctness of 
the position which he takes. 

The large expense already incurred for an additional sup- 
ply of water could have been postponed, he thinks, for a 
number of years longer, if the fact of enormous waste had 
been appreciated by the public eight or nine years ago ; and, 
"unless it be appreciated and acted upon now, heavy ad- 
ditional outlays will be required in the near future to enlarge 
the distributing system of the Cochituate Works, and to in- 
crease the storage capacity of the sources of the Mystic sup- 

ply-" 

The use of improper fixtures and bad plumbing, the re- 
port says, are largely the cause uf the waste, and are at the 
same time among the enemies to the public health against 
which it has to contend. Quotations from the early reports 
of commissioners appointed to consider the best mode and 
the expense of bringing water into the city are given, to show 
that the estimated measure of supply was, in 1844, 28^ wine 
gallons to the inhabitant, and in 1845, by another commission, 
30 gallons; which quantity was calculated to cover all the 
uses to which water is now put. Annexed to the report are 
profiles showing the increase in consumption and of the water- 
takers since 1850; the variation of the consumption, with it,, 
causes other than waste ; the number of gallons consumed per 
taker ; the average monthly supply from the Cochituate 
Works since 1850, and from the Mystic since 1865 ; the av- 
erage monthly rainfall and temperature ; and other informa- 
tion having a bearing upon the question under consideration. 



24 City Document No. 79, 

Particular attention is called to the sudden rise of the profile 
line during the last year, as it indicates a great increase of 
waste, and shows the present tendency. The fact that the 
water is suffered to run to prevent the effects of frost in win- 
ter, and is lavishly used through hose and defective water- 
closets in the summer, is commented upon, and the extent of 
this deliberate waste is shown in the profiles referred to. A 
similai- profile is given of the high-service works, showing, 
in addition, how rapid has been the increase of consumption 
which from 1875 to 1878 went up 63 per cent., while the 
increase in takers in the same time was only about 35 per 
cent. Diagrams showing the hourly consumption of water, 
and a comparison of the consumption of Boston with St. 
Louis, where no attempt is made to check waste, and Fall 
River, where meters are in quite general use, accompany the 
report ; and also tables showing in figures the facts illustrated 
by the diagrams, one of which gives the daily average con- 
sumption of water in various American cities. 

The report also gives a comparison of the amount received 
for water used for domestic or household purposes, and that 
received for water sold by meter ; showing that while the 
rates for the former were originally based upon a much 
higher price than 2^ cents per 100 gallons (the meter price) 
the aiiiount received was only lyVo cents, and that the in- 
come from the sale of water, which at 2^ cents per 100 
gallons for the whole quantity used, would have reached 
$2,122,500 at the present rate§, was only $945,329.96. 

The waste in the high-service district increases largely 
the cost of pumping, and if the present rate of increase of 
consumption with the disproportionate use of water in the 
winter months is not materially lessened, new works must 
soon be commenced. 

The pressure in the pipes of the Cochituate low-service 
has been very seriously reduced by over-consumption and 
waste, so that at times it has been impossible to draw a full 
supply in the upper stories of high buildings, and complaints 
of an inadequate supply, with pressing applications for ex- 
tension of the high-service pipes, have been frequent during 
the past winter. To restore the pressure, either the Consump- 
tion must be reduced, or a new distributing-main be laid 
from Chestnut-Hill reservoir, and other extensions must soon 
follow if the present policy of allowing unrestricted use of 
water is continued. The Engineer says that the first cost 
and the cost of operating the new system of intercepting 
sewers will be largely increased by the excessive use and 
waste of water. 

He mentions three methods of limiting or preventing waste 



Eeport of the Water Board. 25 

that have been adopted or proposed in various cities. 1st. 
The riizid enforcement of ordinances prescribing the class of 
fixtures that may be used, and requiring plumbing to be 
done under competent inspection. 2d. Thorough house to 
house inspection, to discover faulty fixtures, and to detect 
waste from whatever source it may arise. 3d. The appli- 
cation of meters to the service-pipes, or the sale of water by 
meter measurement only. 

In regard to plumbing, the Engineer is of opinion that 
millions of expenditure would have been saved to the city 
if early attention to this subject had been given ; and it cer- 
tainly seems as if the city had to bear, and pay for, all the 
evil eifects of improper plumbing. 

Thorough house to house inspection, when district waste 
metres, to record the work of the insi)ectors and measure its 
effect, are used, in connection with day and night inspection, 
will give, he says, the best of re>sults, with but moderate 
cost. In this connection he mentions a meter for the pur- 
pose, invented by Mr. Deacon, City Engineer of Liverpool, 
England, and gives extracts from a recent pamphlet on the 
subject, published by the inventor, showing the efiect of 
faithfully carrying out this moth< d of preventing waste. 
Several cities and towns in Great Britain are instanced, 
where the consumption of water has been greatly reduced by 
it. Water will ahvays be used more freely here than abroad, 
and the Engineer thinks that it will hardly be desirable to 
attempt to reduce the consumption below 40 or 45 gallons 
])er head, which is double the quantity used in the cities re- 
ferred to. 

The eflectiveness of the third method mentioned would be 
beyond question ; but there are serious objections to its 
general application in large cities and to old works, although 
meters- could be a good deal more extensively used than now 
with advantage. In Providence and Fall Eiver meters are 
generally used, and the consumption in each place is about 
40 gallons per consumer. In Cambridge, where a system of 
inspection particularly directed to the discovery of leaks in 
the streets and sewer-pipes is maintained, the consumption 
is about 50 gallons per consumer. 

While asking for the special attention of the City Council 
to these statements of the City Engineer, the Board feel 
called upon to add their decided opinion that the time has 
fully arrived when active measures should be taken to check 
the growing tendency to waste among water-takers, and to 
save the treasury from excessive and unnecessary expendi- 
ture. All the demands of health, comfort, and luxury, can 
be fully met by the present water-supply; but deliberate 



26 • City Document No. 79. 

waste should not be encouraged, and ought to be prevented. 
Exactly how this is to be done has not yet been determined, 
but some rule must soon be adopted to limit and control the 
use of water ; and wasteful water-takers must be preparing 
for its operation. 

TIMOTHY T. SAWYER, Chairman. 
ALBERT STANWOOD, 
LEONARD R. CUTTER. 



EEPOET OF THE CITY ENGINEER. 



Office of City Engineer, 

City Hall, Boston, May 1, 1879. 

Hon. T. T. Sawyer, Chairman Boston Water Board: — 

Sir, — In compliance with the reqnirements of the ordi- 
nance establishing the Boston Water Board, the following 
report is respectfully submitted : — 

COCHITUATE WORKS. 

Sudbury River and Lake Cochituate. 

During 1878, 2,688,300,000 gallons of water have been 
diverted from Sudbury river into Lake Cochituate, as fol- 
lows : — 



February, 5 days 

March, 12 " 

May, 5 " 

June, 19 " 

July, 21 " 

August, 31 " 

September, 25 *' 

October, 19 " 

November, 5 " 

Total, 142 days 



4,700,000 gallons. 
12,000,000 

98,000,000 " 

504,100,000 " 

177,300,000 *« 

747,200,000 " 

287,300,000 " 

661,600,000 " 

176,100,000 " 



2,668,300,000 



This quantity, if equally distributed through the year, 
would give a daily supply of 7,310,400 gallons. Li addi- 
tion to the above, 753,800,000 gallons were diverted from 
the river directly to Chestnut Hill reservoir through the 
new conduit ; making the total amount of Sudbury-river 
water supplied to the city during the year, 3,422,100,000 
gallons, equivalent to 9,375,000 gallons per day. 

The Dudley-pond supply has not been drawn upon. Dug 



28 City Documknt No. 79. 

pond has furnished to the lake about 390,000,000 gallons 
during the months of January, February, March, April, 
May, and December. Dug pond is the source of supply to 
the town of Natick, and the above figures show its yield in 
excess of the town supply. 

The surface of the water in the lake stood 1 1 feet above 
the bottom of the conduit, on Jauuary 1st, 1878 ; on the 
10th it had fallen to 10 feet 7 inches, which was the lowest 
point reached in 1878. The supply from Sudbury river has 
kept the lake surface within one or two feet of high-water 
mark throughout the year; on January 1, 1879, it stood 
at 12 feet above the conduit invert. 

There has been an overflow at the outlet dam from Janu- 
ary 15 to February 5, from February 10 to 19, from 
February 22 to April 3, from April 30 to May 6, and 
from November 22 to December 31; the total waste being 
3,341,875,000 gallons, equivalent to 9,155,800 gallons per 
day for the whole year. » 

CocHiTUATE Conduit. 

The tables on page 70 show the depths of water in the 
conduit at Lake Cochituate gate-house, the number of days 
it was running at those depths, and the average depth for 
each month. 

The yearly examination of the aqueduct was made June 
11, and no noticeable change since the previous examina- 
tion was found. 

SUDBURY-RIVER CONDUIT. 

This conduit was practically finished in the fall of 1877, 
and has been used 52 days during the past year to convey 
water direct from Farm pond to Chestnut-Hill reservoir. It 
was first used for this purpose February 13, 1878. On 
February 10, 1879, it was placed under the charge of the 
Superintendent of the Western Division of the Cochituate 
Water Works, and the cost of its care and maintenance has, 
since that date, been charged to the general Water Works 
appropriation. It is now in regular service. 

Low-service Keservoirs. 

The tables on page 64 show the monthly and yearly 
average heights above tide-marsh level for a series of years, 
of the surface of water in Brookline and Chestnut-Hill reser- 
voirs. The yearly average in each reservoir has been 1.04 ft. 
greater than in 1877. 



Report of the Water Board. 29 

From Dec. 24 to 26 considerable trouble was experi- 
enced at the reservoirs on account of anchor-ice, and the 
supply to the city came very near being stopped. On the 
niffht of the 24th the flow of water at Chestnut-Hill reser- 
voir was entirely stopped ; but for some unknown reason the 
ice started during the night of the 25th, and the passages were 
kept clear thereafter by constantly revolving and cleaning 
the screens. On the morning of the 26th the outlet shiices 
of the Brookline reservoir became completely choked ; but 
by the use of steam, and by raising and lowering the gates to 
vary the pressure against the ice-barriers, they were cleared 
late in the afternoon. During the day surface-ice formed, 
and after the reservoirs became covered there was no further 
trouble. 

The Beacon-Hill and South Boston reservoirs have not 
been in use. 

Pipes and Pipe Plans, 

No important changes have been made in the pipe system 
during the year ; only 7 miles of pipes have been laid. 

The plans have been corrected as usual. 

Thirty new plans have been made, showing the more im- 
portant pipe connections, and copies of them, bound in book 
form, have been given to the Superintendent of the Eastern 
Division and his assistants. 

High-service Eeservoir and Pumps. 

Parker-Hill reservoir, with its grounds and buildings, is in 
good condition. The average height of water in it has been 
217.36 feet above marsh level, or 1.12 feet higher than in 
1877. (See table, page 65.) 

The table on the next page shows the work done by the 
pumping-engines in 1879, the running-time of each engine, 
the amount of coal consumed, and the average monthly and 
yearly duties. Most of the pumping has been done by the 
new Worthington engine, as it does its work at a much less 
cost than the others. Its average duty has been 50,144,300 
ft. lbs. per 100 lbs. of coal (without deductions for clinkers 
and ashes), while that of Engines 1 and 2 (non-condensing) 
has been 28,222,500 ft. lbs. only. 

Average number of gallons pumped per lb. of coal : — 

Worthington engine .... 538.3 
Nos. 1 and 2 300.4 

The average daily quantity pumped was 2,^63,460 gar- 
Ions, — an increase of 20 per cent, upon the quantit}^ pumped 
in 1877. 



30 



City Document No. 79. 



^ 






is 



^ 



"1:^ 















o 






















t § 








o 




o 


O 


o 




o 












rQ H O 


























CO 


CO 


t. 3.5 




»o 


-^ 


cq 






t— 


o 


»o 








ocT 




































1 3 


s 


0!_ 


"i. 




"-"i 




<M_ 




Tl-_ 




o 




o 




'^ o 




















UJ 


UJ 




o 












o 






















3 '"' 


































^ 


CO 


cq 


CO* 




















g5 




^^ 


































(M 






• 


















IN 






a 


cq 


to 


(M 


Oi 


CO 




00 










(3i 


























00 


Tt 


to 


•;8aj tn q.jiT: 




CO 


CO 


OJ 


Oi 


o 


cq 


oq 


o 


CO 


a 


OO 


o 


^ 


fq 






























""I 




"^ 


""I 


"^ 


""* 


'"' 


rH 


'-' 


r-i 




r^ 


rH 


Tl 


J3 n «j 


c 








Tl< 


00 


o 


CO 


<» 


eq 


to 


to 


a> 


CO 




o&dm 










to 


to 


s 


CTi 


o 


CO 




cq 


■* 




l?'"H 


a 






















lO 


lO 


lO 
































1 "^ 


g<i3 


c 


00 












. 










CO 


-* 


M . 




^ 


00 


o 




















































a| 


cb 


D2 




CO 








: 










IN 


CO 


■s.isjintppn'B 




(35 




<N 


tH 


to 


"* 


00 


•^ 


in 


rH 




Ol 


°i 


eaqsB -^uao m^ 






rH 




rH 


IH 






rH 




rH 


T~i 






•pgransnoo 




O 


CO 


t;; 


« 




« 


CO 

o 


cq 


o 


CO 


o 


f; 


in 




/3 
>-1 


CO 

to 


C0_ 


-*" 


CO 


CO 


CO 


-* 


CO 


CO 


co" 


CO 


CO 


(N 
















o 


o 


o 


o 






^ 


































•paranenoo ^boo 


^ 




o 




to 

CO 










o 






CO 






J 


§ 






r-l 


'-' 


T-< 


CM 


o 


1-4 


'-' 


T-t 




rH 






lO 












o 


^ 


f_ 


^ 


^ 




































•padnmd innotuB 


O 


a>^ 




>o 




lO 


t-l 


o_ 


o_ 






IN 


^ 


■^ 


aSB.iaAB vCtfCQ; 


"s 


"** 


S 


Til 




OJ 


CO 


(M 




o 


o 


o 


00 


to 




!i 






























(M 


c^ 


'"' 


iH 


IN 


(N 




rH 






cq 


IN 


IN 














O 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


■ o 


O 


































a 
o 




























■notiBis IB padcnnd 


^^ 


o 


-* 




I— 


cq 


CO 


S 


o 


o 


to 


eq 


IN 




"3 




lO 


CO 






OJ 


CD 


■«• 


o 


-^ 


o 








Ct) 










(M 


CO 


OO 




rH 


T)< 


(N 




CO 




VD 


>o 




uo 




to 


to 






to 






■o 












^ 






o 




o 


r-, 












c'^ 




























































$ 


g p. 


























































bD 4) 
































1^ 

< ft 


CJ 


CD 


CO 


o 


to 




a 


to 


Ttl 




Tl( 


O 


CO 


CO 




^ 
























































Ih 












^ 


















































^ 
































•aiiiti 






















T-i 






































Sntdainjj 


K 






ira 




to 




to 


to 


CO 


to 


CO 


to 




(m' 


c'g 




S 


o 


o 


















o 


g 


o 


a 




























It 




























12; 


o 


2^ 


o> 






















5 


-o 


a 




r-1 


CO 


















>* 




c 

0! 


b 


o 


^ 
•* 


CO 




















§ 


d 


































im' 


00 


p!? 






















^ 


00* 


!z; 






























rH 








a 




























•a 


•as" 

B.S 


!2i 


























rH 






HM 






























;^ 






























fu 


^ 




























w 


w 


lO 


>o 


I-l 


















































"3 






























o 
































OD 




























n 


r» 




























cS 










« 

1 


3 


1 


Pi 

<1 




c 

3 
ill 


3 


3 
3 


a 
p( 

m 
02 


0) 

o 
o 

o 


a 
i 


i 

o 

p 


1 

> 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



31 



Cost of Pumping. 

Salaries 

Fuel . 

Repairs 

Oil, waste, and packing 

Gas and small supplies . 

Total, 



$3,743 96 

3,714 29 

2,206 60 

255 01 

358 80 

$10,278 ()Q 



foot high in 



The cost of pumping 1,000,000 gallons 1 
each year since the high-service works have been in opera 
tion is as follows : — 



1871 

1872 
1873 
1874 



^0.37 
0.34 
0.283 
0.244 



1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 



^0.22 
0.18 
0.137 
0.122 



The engines are in excellent condition. 

Boilers 1 and 2 have been thoroughly repaired during 
the year; the engines, engine-house, and boilers have been 
painted, and metallic packing has been applied to the steam 
pistons of the Worthiugton engine. 

Brighton High-Service. 

The daily quantity of water pumped at this station has 
varied from 20,000 to 150,000 gallons. The works are in 
good condition. 

Consumption and Quality of Water. 

The table on page 66 gives the average daily consump- 
tion of water from the Cochituate Works for each month. 

The average daily consumption for the year was 
23,205,700 gallons, — an increase of 12.2 per cent, above 
the consumption of 1877. 

The following report of Prof. Nichols, of the Mass. Insti- 
tute of Technology, who has kindly furnished the results of 
his analyses of the water supplied by the Cochituate Works, 
will be found of interest. 

The water is a mixture of Sudbury river and Lake Cochit- 
uate waters, and the analyses show its condition when deliv- 
ered to the consumer. 

When compared with those made two years ago (see 
Water Board Report, City Doc. No. 57, 1877) they show an 
increase in the amount of organic matter, but the proportion 



32 City Document No. 79. 

of nitrogen to carbon, as determined by the Frankland pro- 
cess, is 
orisfin. 



cess, is such as to indicate that this matter is of vegetable 



In the first Annual Report of the Water Board of the City of Boston, 
for the year ending April 30, 1877, was published a statement of the 
results of the weekly chemical examination of the Boston Water Sup- 
ply, from July, 1876, to July, 1877. 

Although the regular weekly examinations then ceased, occasional 
partial examinations have since been made in my laboratory, and the re- 
sults are included in Table I. These results show that as in previous 
years, and as indeed is true in general of surface water, there is some va- 
riation from time to time ; in the case of the Boston water the average 
character of the water does not differ essentially from that previously 
reported. The water is always somewhat colored, owing to the presence 
of dissolved vegetable matter, and, although it generally appears quite 
clear to the eye, a good filter will remove some suspended matter, 
mostly vegetable ; there is no evidence, however, that the color or sus- 
pended matter which are common to all soft surface waters are at all 
unwholesome, and we have every reason to congratulate ourselves on 
the character of our water-supply. 

The examinations reported in Table I. have been made by what is 
known as Wanklyn's method. Although this method is in very general 
use, and is valuable in the sanitary examination of water, I have for 
some time felt a desire to examine our own and other waters by what 
is known as Frankland's method. This method, which is felt by many 
to give more valuable results, especially when it is a question of statis- 
tics, consists in evaporating a certain quantity of water to dryness 
under suitable conditions, and then burning the residue in closed vessels 
in such a manner as to convert all the carbon and nitrogen of the 
organic matter into gaseous substances, which can be readily collected 
and measured. In this way may be determined the "organic carbon" 
and " oz'ganic nitrogen," and the method comes nearer to giving the 
actual am'ount of organic matter than any other which has ever been 
employed. 

The method is difficult and tedious, requiring the use of expensive 
and frangible apparatus, and consuming considerable time ; for these 
reasons it can never be a popular method. Moreover, as is the case with 
every method employed for obtaining indications of the amount and 
character of the organic matter in a water, the results must be inter- 
preted by a knowledge of the source from which the water is derived, 
and of its surroundings. In interpreting the results it is felt that great 
importance attaches to the relative proportion of carbon to nitrogen, 
for it is in general true that organic matter of vegetable origin contains 
a larger proportion of carbon, while organic matter of animal origin 
contains a larger proportion of nitrogen. 

Since February 28 of this year I have had weekly examinations 
made of the Boston water by my assistant, Mr. J. E. Hardman, S.B., 
who, in order to perfect himself in the method, spent a considerable 
time in Dr. Frankland's laboratory in London. The results are I'ecorded 
in Table II., and will make it possible to compare the character of our 
water, as far as the organic matter goes, with the great number of 
waters examined by the Rivers Pollution Commission in Great Britain, 
whose reports are a storehouse of information in the matter of water 
supply. 

For the sake of comparison I have prepared a table, — Table III., — in 
which are brought together somer of the results obtained on other 
waters. It is a matter of regret that I have not yet, as I hope even- 



Report of the Water Board. 33 

tually to have, the record of the examination in this way of other 
waters in our own State. It may, however, be said that surface waters 
charged with dissolved vegetable matter are used much more fre- 
quently in this country, especially in New England and the Middle 
States, than in England and on the Continent, and on this account the 
average amount of organic matter in our waters will no doubt prove 
larger. 

There are, as far as I am aware, no earlier examinations of Boston 
water by this method, with which we can compare these results, except 
a few that were made in my laboratory in the spring of 1877. These 
results, which were obtained by Mr. C. N. Waite, S. B., I did not pub- 
lish, because I did not feel that we had had sufficient experience with 
the method. I have now, however, no doubt that the results were sub- 
stantially accurate. The average of seven determinations made between 
April 27 and May 11, 1877, was: organic carbon, 0.395, and organic 
nitrogen, 0.040. The ratio would be C : N=r 9.9 : 1. 

I desire to call attention to a fact which I have often emphasized, and 
which appears clearly in Tables II. and III., namely, that surface (and 
other) waters are subject to considerable variation, and, to obtain a sat- 
isfactory idea of the character of a given water, repeated examinations 
are necessary. 

As this report may fall into the hands of some who are not familiar 
with our water, it may be said that the water, which is derived in part 
from Cochituate lake and in part from Sudbury river, is very soft ; that 
the amount of solid matter varies from 3.75 to 6.75 parts in 100,000 ; 
that the chlorine is about 0.3, and that there is almost no nitrogen in 
the form of nitrites or nitrates. 



34 



City Document No. 79. 



Table I. — Examination of Boston Water as drawn in the Laboratory of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

(Results expressed in parts in 100,000.) 



Date. 


Ammonia. 


" Albuminoid 
Ammonia." 


Date. 


Ammonia. 


" Albuminoid 
Ammonia." 


1877 








1878. 






July 


5 


0.0048 


0.0155 


June 25 




0.0144 


" 


11 


0.0051 


0.0144 


July 2 


0.0035 


0.0139 


" 


18 


0.0051 


0.0155 


16 


0.0035 


0.0133 


" 


24 


0.0056 


0.0160 


" 23 


0.0045 


0.0115 


" 


25 


0.0053 


0.0160 


Aug. 13 


0.0037 


0.0136 


Aug. 


1 


0.0051 


0.0160 


20 


0.0037 


0.0160 


" 


7 


0.0045 


0.0152 


27 


0.0035 


0.0141 


•• 


15 


0.0048 


0.0160 


Oct. 22 


0.0029 


0.0141 


Sept. 


10 


0.0045 


0.0155 


Nov. 7 


0.0056 


0.0181 - 


" 


26 


0.0037 


0.0181 


Dec. 7 


0.0067 


0.0160 


Oct. 


3 


0.0048 


0.0195 


1879. 






« 


15 


0.0043 


0.0181 


Fel). 12 


0.0048 


0.0149 


" 


20 


0.0064 


0.0176 


" 20 


0.0037 


0.0144 


1878 








27 


0.0035 


0.0133 


March 


22 


0.0043 


0.0144 


March 6 


0.0040 


0.0128 


" 


30 


0.0040 


0.0128 


13 


0.0043 


0.0125 


April 


20 


0.0029 


0.0141 


" 20 


0.0064 


0.0128 


May 


4 


0.0032 


0.0123 


April 4 


0.0051 


0.0165 


" 


14 


0.0037 


0.0112 


11 


0.0053 


0.0149 


June 


4 
12 
19 


0.0048 - 

0.0029 

0.0040 


0.0136 
0.0125 
0.0163 


17 


0.0037 


0.0160 


" 


Average . 


0.0044 


0.0148 



Keport of the Water Board. 



35 



Table II. — Examinations of Boston Water by Frankland's Method. 
(Results expressed in parts in 100,000.) 



Date. 


Temperature in 

degrees 

Centigrade. 


Organic Carbon. 


Organic Nitrogen. 


Ratio. 


1879. 


Carbon 
Kitrogen 


Jan. 28 


.... 


0.315* 


0.042 


7.5 


Feb. 6 


.... 


0.369* 


0.041 


9.0 


" 7 


.... 


0.342* 


0.041 


8.3 


" 13 


3.2 


0.377* 


0.043 


8.8 


" 20 


2.7 


0.504 


0.049 


10.3 


" 27 


3.0 


0.438 


0.041 


10.7 


March 6 


3.2 


0.475 


0.043 


11.0 


" 13 


6.2 


0.385 


0.046 


8.4 


" 20 


3.2 


0.517 


0.064 


8.1 


" 27 


5.2 


0.485 


0.069 


7.0 


April 4 


4.7 


0.485 


0.092 


5.2 


" 11 


5.2 


0.418 


0.061 


6.9 


« 17 


6.4 


0.4:^2 


0.059 


7.0 


" 24 


8.1 


0.366 


0.034 


10.8 


May 1 


8.7 


0.407 


0.057 


■^•1 


8 


10.5 


0.397 


0.051 


7.8 


" 15 


13.3 


0.362 


0.039 


9.3 


" 22 


15.4 


0.327 


0.042 


7.8 


" 29 


16.9 


0.390 


0.060 


6.5 


June 5 


18.4 


0.464 


0.060 


7.7 


" 12 


18.3 


0.355 


0.050 


7.1 


" 19 


17.4 


0.370 


0.051 


7.3 


Average 


.... 


0.408 


0.052 


7.9 



*Each of the results reported above, from January 28, until, and including, April 17, is 
the mean of two very closely agreeing determinations, but I have reason to fear that the 
four carbon determinations which are marked with a * ore a trifle too low. The nitrogen on 
the same dates I believe to be correct. After wo had obtained complete control of the 
process I did not feel it necessary to make the determinalions in duplicate on every occasion. 



36 



City Document No. 79. 



Table III. — Examinations of Various Waters hy Frankland's Method. ' 
(Results expressed in parts in 100,000,)'" 





Date. 


Description. 


Organic 
Carbon. 


Organic 
Nitrogen. 


Ratio. 

Carbnn 
Nitrogen 


Jan. 


to June, 1879 . 


Average of 22 samples Boston 
Water 


0.408 

0.070 
0.322 
0.061 
0.056 


0.052 

0.015 
0.032 
0.018 
0.013 


7.9 




Unpolluted rain water. Average 
of 39 samples 

Unpolluted upland surface water. 
Average of 195 samples . . . 

Unpolluted deep well water. 
Average of 157 samples . . . 

Unpolluted spring water. Aver- 
age of 198 samples 


4.7 

10.1 

3.4 

4.3 






Unfiltered Thames Water, Lon- 
don. 








Jan. 


31,1873. . . . 


Lambeth Company 


0.325 


0.076 


4.3 






Bouthwark & Vauxhall Company 


0.285 


0.050 


5.7 


Feb 


3, 1873 .... 


Grand Junction Company . . . 


0.246 


0.033 


7.5 


Feb 


1,1873 .... 


Unfiltered Lee Water, London . 


0.363 


0.082 


4.4 


1873 




Variation in Filtered Water of 
Lambeth Co. 












Average of 12 monthly samples. 


0.206 


0.040 


5.1 






Maxima (not at the same time) . 


0.449 


0.065 


6.9 






Minima (not at the same time) . 


"0.130 


0.021 


3.0 



iFrom the Sixth Report of the Rivers Pollution Commission. 



Report of the Water Board. 



37 



Evaporation. 

The experiments upon evaporation from water-surfaces in 
the summer months at Beacon-Hill and Chestnut-Hill reser- 
voirs have been continued. The result will be found in the 
following tables : — 



Table showing the Amounts of Evaporation at Beacon-Hill and Chesinui-IIill 
Reservoirs and the Temperature of Air and Water at different Stations on 
the Water Works. 





Evaporation in Inches. 


Temperature of 


Air. 


Temp. 
OF Watzh. 


1878. 


Beacon-Hill 
Reservoir. 


Chestnut- 
Hill 
Resen'oir. 


Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir. 


Parker-Hill 
Reservoir. 


B'line 
Res. 


Myst. 
E.H. 




1 


o ta 


M 

a 
a 




1 
H 

a 


a 
1 


s 
a 

'a 


i 
1 


a 
a 


a 
a 

"S 


1 


i 
1 


i 














47 
51 
64 

72 


-9 
5 

13 
31 


27 
28 
40 
49 


48 
50 
66 
71 


-12 
4 
11 
30 


26 

28 
39 

47 


38 
37 
40 
48 


35 


Feb. . . 












34 5 














38 


April . . 












48 


May . . 


3.72 


3.65 


4.07 


4.06 


4.76 


85 


37 


57 


77 


36 


55 


69 


60 


June . . 


3.69 


4.58 


4.88 


5.26 


5.79 


95 


44 


65 


87 


43 


63 


66 


67 


July . . 


7.51 


6.08 


6.01 


6.66 


8.19 


98 


60 


74 


92 


55 


73 


76 


77 


August . 


3.50 


4.05 


4.89 


4.23 


5.18 


85 


48 


69 


84 


51 


68 


73 


73.5 


Sept. . . 


4.41 


3.58 


4.31 


4.04 


5.31 


89 


37 


63 


87 


38 


63 


70 


70 


Oct. . . . 


2.84 


2.49 


3.24 


2.92 


4.66 


76 


29 


55 


74 


31 


55 


59 


60 














56 
57 


20 
9 


39 
29 


57 
57 


20 
10 


39 

28 


45 
37 


46 


Dec. . . 












37 

















38 



City Document No. 79. 



Table showmg the Evaporation during Periods of a few Days when the 
Observations were not affected by Rain. 







Beacon-Hill Reseh- 


Chestnut- 
Hill 


Tempera- 




O 

O 
U 

o 

a 
12; 




VOIR. 




Reservoir. 


ture. 


18T8. 


1 


a . 

II 
1^ 


a 
a 


•a n 

O C3 


M 
a 
a 
H 
a 


.sl 


'■5 


May 17th to May 30th 


13 


1.49 


1.79 


1.93 


2.10 


2.09 


69 


58 


June 1st to June 8th 


7 


1.20 


1.33 


1.42 


1.46 


1.59 


65 


6i 


June 24th to July 9th 


15 


2.82 


3.34 


3.87 


3.69 


4.04 


75 


76 


July 12th to July 20th 


8 


1.65 


1.68 


2.04 


1.63 


1.97 


77 


73 


August 12th to August 19th .... 


7 


1.00 


1.03 


1.17 


1.06 


1.17 


73 


72 


August 26th to August 31st .... 


5 


0.64 


0.79 


0.97 


0.80 


1.05 


69 


66 


September 14th to September 26th . 


12 


2.08 


1.96 


2.42 


1.85 


2.50 


68 


62 


September 30th to October 9th . . 


9 


0.94 


0.99 


1.31 


1.07 


1.49 


65 


59 


October 16th to October 23d ... . 


7 


0.75 


0.63 


0.81 


0.74 


0.95 


58 


58 



Mr. Fitzgerald, Superintendent of the Western Division, 
has made, at my request, some experiments to determine ap- 
proximately what is the evaporation from snow surfaces in 
the winter months. For this purpose, a box having an area 
of 1,732 square inches was used. It was filled to a depth of 
about 9 inches with a mixture of sand, clay, loam, etc., and 
was sunk into the ground, being protected by a wo6den 
frame, within which it could be easily raised or lowered. 

The losses suffered by the snow, whether by evaporation or 
filtration, were determined b}^ weighing the box and its con- 
tents twice per day. One ounce in weight represented ^-^^-^ 
of an inch in depth of water. The scales used were not 
sufficiently delicate in adju.stment to admit of obtaining the 
true weight within less than 5 oz. 

Whatever filtered through the earth-filling was caught in 
a pan and weighed separately. After the earth-filling became 
once frozen, however, it was water-tight, and nothing filtered 
through till the spring thaw, though, at times, several inches 
of water stood on the surface. 

The following is a summary of the results of the experi- 
ments : — 

The number of days with snow in the box, giving good re- 
sults for evaporation, were 37 ; the number of nights, 28. 



Eeport of the "Water Board. , 39 

During the 37 days, of 9 hours each, there was evaporated, in 

December, 3 days, .005'' Average per day, .001" 

January, 21 " .190" " " " .009" 

February, 11 <« 255" '« " " .023" 

March, 2 " .048" " '* " .024" 



Total, 37 '' .498" .057" 
An average of .014 per day of 9 hours. 

During the 28 nights there was evaporated, in 

December, 2 nights, .005" Average, .002" 

January, 16 " .055" " .003" 

February, 9 " .130" " .014" 

March, 1 «' .007" " .007" 



Total, 28 .197" .026" 

Or, an average of .006 per night of 15 hours. 
The sum of the two averages gives .02 for 24 hours, as 
the general average for the winter. 



Rainfall. 

A table showing the monthly rainfalls in 1878, at various 
points in Eastern Massachusetts, and others showing the 
daily falls at Cochituate and Mystic Lakes, are appended. 



MYSTIC WORKS. 

Mystic Lake. 

The water in the lake during the months of January, Feb- 
ruary, March, April, May, and June, remained near high- 
water niark, there having been continuous waste over the 
dam from January 1 to June 5. 

On the 1st of August the lake surface had fallen to 
3.88 feet above tide-marsh level; Aug. 10 it had risen 
again to near high-water mark, and was allowed to waste 
until the 18th. Sept. 1 it stood at 5.55 ; Oct. 1, 4.47 ; Oct. 
12, 3.50, — the lowest point reached during the year. Nov. 
1, 4.48 ; Dec. 1, 6.63 ; Jan. 1, 1879, 5.44 ; and at this date 
(May 1) it stands at 6.06 above tide-marsh level. Water 



40 City Document No. 70. 

has been wasted at the dam from Nov. 20, 1878, to Jan. 6 ; 
from Jan. 11 to 14 ; from Jan. 20 to 26, and from Feb. 11 to 
May 1, 1879. 

High-water mark is 11.17 feet above the bottom of the 
conduit, or 7,00 feet above tide-marsh level. 

The total yield of the Mystic water-shed for the year 1878 
is shown by the following figures : — 

Gallons. \ 

Quantity drawn from the lake for use, 3,354,371,200 

wasted at the dam, 7,358,539,600 

" ♦' " conduit waste-weir, 1,005,940,000 

«' «« " fish-way, 350,000,000 



12,068,850,800 
Less quantity due to fiill of lake, 28,672,900 

Total yield of the water-shed, 12,040,177,900 

Equal to a daily yield of 32,986,800 

Amount of rainfall on the water-shed, 25,251,259,000 

Percentage received in the lake, 47.68 

Pumping-Station. 

The table on the next page shows the work done by the 
engines at the Mystic Station during the year : — 

Engine No. 1 was in use 216 days, 15 hours. 



2 


(( 


^^ 


239 


(( 


5 


( ( 


45 minutes. 


3 


(( 


a 


134 


i( 


13 


i( 


15 



Total coal consumed, 7,872,100 lbs., of which 8.2 per 
cent, were ashes and clinkers. 

Total quantity of water pumped, 3,114,371,172 gallons. 

Average lift or head pumped against, 152.18 feet. 

Average duty of the 3 engines, 50,211,500 ft. lbs. per 100 
lbs. of coal. (No deductions.) 

Quantity pumped per lb. of coal, 395.6 gallons, or, some- 
what less than last year. 

Evaporation in the boilers from and at 212°, as deter- 
mined by meter measurement, 10.19 lbs. of water per lb. of 
coal. 



Report of the Water Board. 



41 



jad „j;x5 niojj puts ;b 


w 


Cfl 


■* 


eo 




^ 


to 


CO 


o 

rH 


to 


g 


?3 


o 


s 


^ 

^ 


O 


o 


ci 


d 


d 


d 


d 


d 


OS 


d 


d 


d 


o 


s.ia[ioq ui noijBJodBAg; 




r-l 






T-( 










r-i 


^ 


"^ 


I-H 


1 




"o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


2 I 


o 






o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 1 


o 








^^ 




o)_ 


co_ 






CO 


■* 


to 






o 


'lEOO xmoi JO -sqi 1. 


J3 


-^ 


o 


■<)<■ 


eo" 


o 


to 


^ 


(M 


^ 


2 


oT 


d" . 


T-T 


OOI-iad-sqi-ijutAna j 






°i 




oo 

to 

oT 


to 

00_ 

oT 


o 
d" 


to 
d" 


s. 


d" 


00 

d" 


^ 1 

d" 




1 


1 ^ 


vra 


^ 


■* 


-* 






■* 


•>* 


us 


us 


us 1 


iC 


1 


1 .— ; 


to 


o> 


Ol 


to 


lO 


IM 


to 


IM 


CO 


CO 


IM 1 


oo 




. CO 


% 


r-j 




o> 




IM 


o 




c> 


00 




r-\ 


•%a9} ni qjii aStjjaAy j 




CO 




i 


d 


o 


s 


(m" 


s 


us 


us 


i 


q\ 


1 




r-l 


r-( 


1-i 


rH 




!-H 


T-^ 


rH 


rH 


rH 


r-< 


^~' 


, 


■^ 


00 




^_ 


to 




C^ 


C0_ 


00 


00 




US 1 


to 


'XBOO 'qi 1 
jad padnmd .ijpuBn^ j 




00 


CO 


CO 


1 


s 


§ 


CO 


OS 
CO 


00 

CO 


a 

OS 

CO 


■* ! 


i 


•8ja:qutp 1 


■*. 


-* 


c< 


00 


t- 


t- 


til 


X5 


OS 


0° 




to 


CO 


IM 


pwB saqsB "luao ja<j 1 


oi 


eo 


oo 


»- 


t-^ 


00 


00 


t^ 


t^ 


00 


t-^ 


1~ 


00 


1 


. 1 o 


o 


OS 


t^ 


,_4 


CO 


tio 


t- 


t<- 


o 


t-. 


OS 1 


t- 


•patnnsuoo lEoo 1 




to 


05 


(N 


f; 


to 


s 


•* 


?s 


s 


t^ 


"i 


CO 1 


to 


innomB aSsjaAB X^ibq; 1 


A_ 


_M- 


« 


00 


oT 


(M 


a 


IM 
IM 


IM 


d" 

IM 


oT 

rH 


§1 


IM 


1 




CO 


o 


^ 


r-^ 


to 


to 


a 


<M 


O 


to 


O 


t. 1 


CO 






ir* 


CT 


05 


5 




o 


>rt 






US 


to 




IM 








(O 


tD_ 


CO 




CO 


o 


CO 


00 




■^ 


■^ 




padnind 1 


is 


iTS 




i>r 




oo" 


to 




d" 




to 


us" 


od" . 


£3* 


^unoniB aSBjaAB ^[ibq; j 


"3 


S 


s 


00 
rH 


1 


J-< 


co^ 


o 


to 


00 


° 


°°, 




CO 


1 


IS 


w 


00 


'^ 


•^ 


0(3 


oT 


00 


CO 


00 


t-^ 


00 


CO 




OD 


o 


to 


to 


o 


o 


o 


~tD~" 


00 


tio 


o 


•* 


IM 






lO 




^. 








•3i 




00 


s; 




to 








Oi 


CO 


!M 


1~^ 






O 




IM 






































•padmnd 


"3 



S 


oT 


oo" 

00 


§ 

to 




oo 

05 




rH 


to 


s 


s 


t~- 


CO 


junouiB ib;oj, 


cT 


00 


CO 


o" 


^ 




w 


^ 


tT 


oT 


^" 


■* 


^ 










c5 


CO 






t- 


us 






r-* 






« 


(M 


c^ 


(M 


(M 


C, 


C^ 


(M 


c< 


« 


IM 


IM 


CO 








o 


to 


■<* 










"5~ 




o 


to 


3 






__ -tfa 




CO 


i£5 


■^ 










^ 




r^^ 


t^ 


00 


us 




3 i ft 

o o a 






l-H 


c-f 














us 


oT 


hH 






















K5 




o 


2 




o 


CO 


"5 




§ 


00^ 

to 










OS 




to 


eo" 

OS 


-* 

CO 


O 






c^ 


c< 


















y-i 


IM 


t:s_ 


6 






























T~< 


bo 

B 
■p< 


c 


u^ 




o 










«5 




us 




o 


us 


g 


a 




• 


CO 










'^ 




■* 


• 


eo 


'^ 


3 


E 


t- 


CO 


to 










CO 




us 


t- 


to 


CO 


^ a 


U* 




C4 




















" 


rH 


W 


w 






























3 


E 


~ 


k^ 


t« 










CO 




OS 


US 


o 


Hjt 




o 


>. 


§» 


IM 


















IM 


eo 


eo 




H 


C3 
































•* 


^ 


00 


to 


o 


00 


^ 


"~OT~~ 


o 


o 


•* 


© 


M 
















r~t 


■* 




00 


t- 




CO 




s 




♦3 T3 




CO 


C6 


rH 


1-i 


O 




C^ 


<N_ 


IM 


00_ 


". 


<o 






2 3 ft 


^ 


I-H 


<d' 


cT 


ifT 


^ 


CO 


to" 


<3 


id 


<d" 


d" 


t^ 


■2 






a> 


rH 


■* 


o 


o 


■^ 




^ 


o 


to 


us 


"S 


to 




o o a 

a p, 




0) 






o 


co^ 


OS 


s 


to 






to 




c4 


Si 


lO 


to 
o 




d" 


r-H 


rH 


t 


g 


US 


M 


§ 


d" 
•rji 


d 






























rH 


KS 


a 




« 


o 


US 


>o 


O 


, 


US 


us 


o 


us 


US 


us 


H 






CO 


•* 




CO 




■* 




CO 




rH 


•^ 


g 


^C 


S 


• 




























'ft 
^1 






























s 


£ lo 


o 


to 


eo 


^ 


•* 


00 


IM 


^ 


to 


us 


o> 


US 


t-t 


_1 


rH- 




'^ 


T-i 




'"^ 






r^ 










"e 


m 


C5 


CO 


CO 


•^ 


•<* 


eo 


OS 


^ 


t- 


us 


to 


-* 


OS 




o 


>) 






« 


(M 


(M 


(M 


<M 


IM 


IM 


rH 






CO 




t^ 


a 



























IM 






^ 


to 


o 


O 


O 


oi" 


o 






§§ 


g 




IS 








oo 




\r> 








■^ 




rH 








■S'd 




N 




CO 


o_ 


rH 


o^ 


to 




CO 


^^ 






OS 


































--J p s 




oT 


Cs 


co" 


ic" 








CO 


s 




•^ 




CO 




5 P ft 




Oi 


O 


o 






'dt 


t' 


Ir- 




o 




OS 




rt 


oi_ 






to_ 


CT 


O 


IM 


tH 




to 






o 






























6 


O 


ui" 


;i| 


o 


o 


(M 


g 


CO 


3 


^" 


to 

o 


IM 




5 


a p, 










r-\ 




T-< 




rH 










OS 


bs 

□ 

■ft 


d 


o 


o 


i« 


o 


O 


U5 


o 


, 


o 


us 


US 




1 


H 

2 


i 




CO 


tt 


CO 


CO 




CO 


• 


eo 


■»l 






1 • 


3 

S5 


oo 


(M 


00 


o 




«> 


^ 


to 


« 


H* 


•* 


^ 




1 ■« 




M 












rH 








r^ 


w 




rH 


H 


H_ 








" 


















1 




■« 


uj 


^ 


c^ 


o 


U5 


o> 


a> 


§ 


us 


t. 


CO 


IM 




(O 




o 


>t 






IM 


e< 


N 


iM 


M 


IM 


IM 










H 





























c^ 






























OQ 
































« 






• 








• 


• 




• 


• 


• 




bX)^^ 




H 




C3 




i 


'u 
ft 
< 




<p 

13 

a 




bb 

p 

<1 


ft 

a 
02 


"S 

o 


> 

o 


p 





42 



City Document No. 79. 



Cost of Pumping. 



Salaries 

Fuel .... 

Eepairs 

Oil;, waste, and packing 

Small supplies 



$7,026 37 

18,9«y 19 

1,185 80 

1,112 76 

118 57 



Total $28,432 69 

Cost per million gallons raised one foot high, $0.06. 



New Force Main. 

During the year, a new force-main of 30-inch cast-iron 
pipe has been laid from the engine-house to the influx 
chamber of the Walnut-Hill reservoir ; and a branch line has 
been laid along the foot of the outside slope of the reservoir, 
to connect the upper end of the main with the efflux chambers, 
the object of which is to permit a supply to be furnished in- 
dependently of the reservoir. 

It has been already used while the water was drawn out of 
the reservoir for examination and cleaning, and also on 
Christmas morning, when the outlet pipes of the reservoir 
were completely choked with anchor ice. 

The excavation in the reservoir bank for the new main 
disclosed a large crack in the walls of the influx chamber, 
near the bottom. To avoid taking down the chamber, the 
discharge ends of both the old and new mains were raised, 
and the lower portion of the chamber, for a depth of about 
7 feet, was filled with cement concrete. 

A street 40 feet wide is being graded over the line of the 
force-mains from West street to South street, to give a 
more direct communication between the engine-house and 
reservoir. 

Surveys have been made for a new location of the roadway 
about the reservoir; also of the reservoir basins themselves, 
for the purpose of calculating their capacity. 

Eeservoir, Quality or Water, Consumption, etc. 

The average monthly heights of the water in the reservoir 
will be found recorded in the table on page 71, also the 
average daily consumption of water for each month. 

The water was drawn out of both basins of the reservoir 
last fall, and the interior lining was carefully examined. It 



Report of the Water Board. 43 

was found in very good condition, showing very little, if any, 
signs of deterioration. The west basin was thoroughly 
cleaned. Very little deposit was found in either basin, and 
what there was, was almost entirely free from offensive 
matter. 

A sample of the mud deposit was sent to Prof Nichols, of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for examination. 
The result of his analysis is shown by the following extracts 
from his report : — > 



The mud consisted of watei' 89 per cent. 

Solid matter, dried at 212" Fahrenheit . . . . 11 " 



The dried mud consisted of organic and volatile matter 

including nitrogen 1.75 per cent. 
Silica, etc., insoluble in chlorhydric acid 
Sulphate of lime, oxide of iron, alkaline salts, etc. 

soluble in chlorhydric acid .... 



100 

23.0 
65.3 

11.7 

100.0 



Further, 100 parts of the wet mud, just as received, contained 0.0029 
part of ammonia, also 0.0007 part of sulphur, which could be liberated 
as sulphuretted hydrogen by simply boiling, and 0.0019 part of sulphur, 
which could be lilDerated as sulphuretted hydrogen on boiling the mud 
with chlorhydric acid. These latter results might be expressed accord- 
ing to the common, although not strictly correct, practice by saying 
that 1 cubic foot of the wet mud contains, — 

Free sulphuretted hydrogen .... 0.34 cubic inches. 

Combined sulphuretted hydrogen . . . 0.88 " 

There was no appreciable quantity of nitrates, and only a very small 
amount of chlorides. 



By an order passed Nov. 25, 1878, the Water Board was 
requested to report, among other things, to what extent the 
waters of the Mystic Lake are polluted by sewage and other 
objectionable matter. 

The Board sent 4 samples of water, drawn from the pipes 
in East Boston, to Prof. Nichols, who analyzed them and 
obtained the following results : — 



44 



City Document No. 79. 



EXAMINATION OP WATER RECEIVED FROM BOSTON WATER 

COMMISSIONERS. 

(ReEults expressed in parts in 100,000.) 







Un filtered 


Filtered 


Solid 










Water. 


Water. 


Residue. 


















No. 


Date 
received. 


rt 


c a 


'3 


■3.2 
.5 = 




■S £ 


«ri 


o 






o 

s 


la 


o 

a 
a 
< 


la 


o 

a 

M 


o >. 








1878. 


















. 1 


Dec. 14. 


0.0093 


0.0139 


0.0093 


0.0133 


7.84 


2.38 


10.22 


1.64 


2 


.. .. 


0.0080 


0.0120 


0.0080 


0.0120 


7.26 


2.42 


9.68 


1.82 


3 


.< .. 


0.0141 


0.0157 


0.0141 


0.0141 


7.78 


2.42 


10.20 


1.86 


4 


" " 


0.0061 


0.0115 


0.0061 


0.0109 


8.40 


2.36 


10.76 


1.92 



Remarks. — The waters are all more strongly colored than the Cochituate as drawn in Bos- 
ton. They all contain a small amount of suspended matter, which settles readily, leaving the 
water clear. No one of them contains enough nitrates to show in the unconcentrated water 
(by the sulphate of iron test). 

For convenience of reference I append the mean of four samples taken at Bacon's Bridge 
and examined by Dr. Wood. 

Jan. 13, 1873. — 0.0134, 0.0244, 8.42 2.04, 10.46, 2.02. 

The average daily consumption was 8,515,768 gallons, 
or about ]^ per cent, greater than in 1877, and somewhat 
less than in 1876. The average monthly consumption was 
much more uniform than is usual, as can be seen by reference 
to diagram B. The largest consumption for one day was on 
January 8, when it reached 12,732,060 gallons, and the least 
was on April 28, when it was 6,505,240 gallons. 



Mystic-vallet Sewer. 

This sewer, which was nearly completed at the date of the 
last report, was finished and put into service during the sum- 
mer. Nearly all the tanneries, and a number of dwellings, 
along the line of the sewer are now drained through it, and 
probably all the tanneries will soon be connected. 

The main sewer itself operates very satisfactorily. There 
have been a number of stoppages in the branch drains from 
the tanneries, for want of proper care in their use. 

The tanneries discharge certain substances, which, if not 
prevented from entering the drains, adhere to the surfaces 
of the pipes, and soon accumulate sufficiently to interfere 
with, or entirely stop, the flow of the sewage. 

The periodical flushing of the branch and main sewers 
keeps them in a clean and inofiensive condition. 

For a detailed description of the sewer, see report of the 
City Engineer for 1878, City Doc. No. 22, 1879. 



Report of the Watp:r Board. 45 

Waste. 

Little can be added to what has been written in former 
years upon this subject by the various Water Boards and the 
Water Registrar, but its financial bearings are so important 
that I feel called upon to again direct attention to it. 

The waste in Boston, though not so great as in a number 
of other cities, aud in fact not so great, proportionately to 
the population, as it was in this city itself 15 or 20 years ago, 
is, nevertheless, enormous. We are now using nearly 80 gal- 
lons of water per inhabitant, and there is plenty of evidence 
to prove that one-half this quantity is a liberal supply for all 
useful purposes. 

Had this fact bee it generally appreciated by the public 8 or 
9 years ago, it is natural to suppose that the Water Board 
would have been granted the power and means to so control 
the consumption of water that the large expenditure which 
has just been made for an additional supply might have been 
postponed for a number of years longer ; and, unless it be 
appreciated and acted upon now, heavy outlays will be re- 
quired in the near future to enlarge the distributing system 
of the Cochituate Works, and to increase the storage capacity 
of the sources of the Mystic supply. 

For this reason, if for no other, it merits the careful study 
of those to whom the management of the city finances is 
entrusted. 

The statement which is frequently made, that on account 
of sanitary considerations the use of water should be unre- 
stricted, may, perhaps, when properly qualified, be defended, 
but it is generally put forward to defeat any attempt to pre- 
vent leakage and unlimited waste. These result largely from 
the use of improper fixtures and bad plumbing. Water- 
closets that require a constantly running stream of water to 
make them even tolerable, and pipes that render the soil and 
walls damp by leaking and sweating, so far from promoting 
the public health are, on the contrary, among the enemies 
against which it has to contend. 

It is not the intention, however, to treat now of this branch 
of the subject, but simply to present some statistics showing 
what a large proportion of the water supply is wasted, and 
to point out the prominent causes of waste, and the methods 
of prevention that have proved successful in other places. 

The following quotation from the report of the commis- 
sioners [Messrs. P. T. Jackson, Nathan Hale, and James F. 
Baldwin], appointed in 1844 " to report the best mode and 
the expense of bringing the water of Long Pond into the 
city," will be found of interest in this connection : — 



46 City Document No. 70. 

In determining the best mode of bringing the water from the pro- 
posed source to the city, it seemed to the commissioners necessary to 
consider the purposes for which it is to be used, and the amount of reg- 
ular supply required to serve those purposes. Presuming it to be the 
desire of the City Council that the water proposed to be introduced into 
the city shall be sufficient to afford an ample supply to all the inhabi- 
tants, as well for domestic purposes as for the protection of the city 
against fire and for cleansing the streets, and also for various economical 
and manufacturing uses, — particularly the feeding of steam engines, 
— it seemed necessary to base their calculations on some assumed 
amount of population to be supplied. It is presumed that since the 
subject was last under the consideration of commissioners, for a similar 
investigation, the population of the city has increased in a ratio of not 
'less than 25 per cent., and that the present number of inhabitants is near 
110,000. It may be assumed, therefore, that by the time the proposed 
introduction of water into the city can be accomplished, the poi^ulation 
will not be far from 125,000. Presuming, also, that it will not be the 
intention of the City Council to limit the supjily of water to the wants 
of the existing population, and taking into view the very gi-eat and un- 
interrupted increase of the city, not only within the period of seven 
years alrea/^ly referred to, but for the last 50 years, in which last 
period the number of inhabitants has more than twice doubled, it has 
been deemed reasonable to assume as the basis of our computation of 
the amount of daily supply, such a quantity as will be sufficient for all 
the public, domestic, and manufacturing uses of 250,000 inhabitants ; or 
for double the population the city may be expected to contain at the 
date of the completion of the proposed works. 

The next question for consideration is, what measm*e of supply 
shall be assumed as sufficient to meet all the wants of this number of 
inhabitants. On this j)oint your commissioners conceive it will be satis- 
factory to adopt the conclusion which was arrived at, after a careful 
inquiry into the rate of supply which had been deemed sufficient in a 
large number of other cities, by the commissioners who were appoint- 
ed under an oixler of the City Council in 1837. They refer in their re- 
port to the Water Works of the city of Philadelphia as those which 
aflbi-ded as liberal a sujjply of water as those of any city within their 
knowledge, and they state that the quantity, as appeared from the offi- 
cial re^jort of the preceding year, amounted to an average of 28h wine 
gallons to each inhabitant within the limits of the distribution. The 
commissioners are the more disposed to adopt this ratio as the measure 
of the proposed supply, because, as far as their knowledge extends, it 
has been generally regarded as fully sufficient. At this ratio, the sup- 
ply of 250,000 inhabitants will require 7,125,000 gallons of water per 
day. This is equal to 950,000 cubic feet, or very nearly a regular flow 
of 11 cubic feet a second, through every hour of the day. 



The commissioners of 1845 [Messrs. John B. Jervis and 
Walter R. Johnson], who made the report which led to the 
adoption of Long pond (Lake Cochituate) for the source of 
supply, enter into a somewhat lengthy discussion of the 
quantity of water to be provided, and finally fix upon 30 wine 
gallons per inhabitant as a very liberal allowance. 

They say, " Other standards than the bare measure that 
will supply 7iecessities, and more comprehensive views than 
those which are confined to the sale of water as merchandise, 
ought, in our judgment, to inHuence the decision of this 



Keport of the Water Board. 47 

question. We do not, therefore,. deem it expedient to limit 
the calculation of a supply designed, we presume, to be used 
without constraint or stint for all domestic purposes, with 
liberal allowances for all public objects, and with power to 
furnish numerous branches of industry with the means of 
prosecuting their respective labors — to such an amount of 
water as would probably be introduced by parties having no 
interest in its use and application beyond the amount of 
rents which it would yield." 

They did not foresee that leakage and waste would nearly 
treble the quantity they estimated upon, or they would have 
sounded a note of warning, and have insisted upon a method 
of distribution that would have compelled the tenant to pay 
for what he consumed. 

Cochituate water was first supplied to the city in 1848 ; in 
1850 the average daily consumption had reached 5,837,900 
wine gallons, or about 43 gallons per inhabitant, although at 
that date a large proportion of the people still drew their 
supply from wells or from the Jamaica-pond aqueduct. In 
18(51 it attained the enormous rate of 100 gallons per in- 
habitant. 

On sheet A may be found profiles of the rate of increase 
of the consumption and of the water-takers since 1850 in 
percentages of the figures of that date ; also a profile of the 
gallons consumed per taker. ^ The same statistics in tabular 
form are given on page 61. 

The rate of increase of takers has been quite regular, 
although it has been affected by annexations of new territory 
to the city and by the replacing of the Cochituate by the 
Mystic supply in East Boston. The latter event accounts 
for the depression of the profile line for 1870. The ratio of 
increase of consumption has been very irregular, and its pro- 
file bears very little relation to that of the takers. 

The upper profile shows how variable has been the con- 
sumption per taker; in 1850 it was 457 gallons; in 1861 it 
reached a maximum of 730 gallons, and in 1871 (a year of 
great drought, when it became necessary to pump water into 
the conduit to keep up the supply) a minimum of 432 gal- 
lons ; during last year it was 545 gallons. When it 
is considered that 275 or 300 gallons per taker, at most, are 
an ample supply for all useful purposes the magnitude of the 
waste of water will be understood. 

The sudden elevation of the profile from 1859 to 1860 
shows the effect of an increase of pressure in the street 

*For each taker there are on au average at this date about 6.27 consumers and 6.8 
inhabitants, counting for the latter the entire population in the territory belonging to 
the Cochituate supply. 



48 City Document No. 79. 

mains due to the laying, in the former year, of the 40-iuch 
supply main from Brookline reservoir to the city, and is an 
indication of what may be expected when another new main 
is laid, unless in some way the consumption is controlled. 

In 1865 a system of house-to-house inspection was insti- 
tuted, to detect leakage and wilful waste, the effect of Avhich 
was a notable decrease in the consumption, as is clearly 
shown by the profile. This inspection was maintained for a 
number of years with more or less rigor, but as it proved 
annoying both to the citizens and the Water Board it has 
been relaxed since the introduction of the Sudbury-river 
water in 1872. 

Special notice should be taken of the sudden rise of this 
profile line during last year, as it indicates a great increase 
of waste, and shows the present tendency. 

Two profiles on Sheet B show the average monthly supply 
from the Cochituate Works since 1850, and from the Mystic 
Works since 1865. The average monthly rainfalls and tem- 
peratures are plotted upon the same sheet, that their effect 
upon the consumption may be studied. 

The Cochituate profile shows, of course, the same general 
features as Sheet A. The consumption has been very irreg- 
ular, and has increased from a little over 15,000,000 gallons 
per day, in 1872, to 23,200,000 in 1878, or more than 50 
per cent, in 6 years. During those years, Dorchester, West 
Roxbury, and Brighton, with a population of 33,771 people 
(census of 1875), were annexed. 

What is to be more particularly noticed in both these pro- 
files as bearing upon the subject of preventable waste is, that 
the consumption during the winter months is far above the 
average, although during those months the use of water for 
what may be termed legitimate purposes should be less than 
in any other portion of the year, as is shown by the profile 
for 1850 and the winters of 1857-'58, 1869-'70, and others. 

The Cochituate profile shows that, in the summer mouths, 
especially when the rainfall is light, the consumption again 
rises high above the average, although, at that season, a 
large percentage of the water-takers are out of town. (Com- 
pare the profile for these months in 1853, '59, '66, and 
'77 with that for 1850, '60, '69, '70, '71, etc.) 

The elevations in the profiles which record the above facts 
are a measure of the deliberate waste of water ; those for the 
winter months measure the waste to prevent freezing, or, in 
other words, measure the effect of badly planned plumbing ; 
those for the summer season measure, less accurately, the 
waste through hand-hose, faulty water-closets, and from a 
variety of causes of less importance. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 49 

It should be noted that 'the average daily consumption 
during last January was 28,400,000 gallons, or about 100 
gallons per person. 

On Sheet C is drawn a similar profile for the Highland 
High Service Works, which, besides exhibiting the same 
irregularities of consumption, shows how rapid has been its 
increase in the last few years. From 1875 to 1878, 3 year;3, 
it has increased 63 percent., while the increase in consumers 
has been only about 35 per cent. 

Profiles of the hourly consumption afford still stronger 
evidence that the high rate of daily consumption is very 
largely due to preventable waste. On Sheet D will be found 
a diagram showing the hourly consumption, per consumer, 
of water from the Cochituate, Mystic, and High-Service 
Works for one day in January, and another in April of this 
year. The corresponding table is printed on page 62. The 
data for the preparation of these profiles were taken with 
great care, and may be relied upon for accuracy. 

They are plotted upon Sheet E, in percentages of the 
average daily consumption ; and, for comparison, similar pro- 
files of the hourly consumption in Fall River and St. Louis, 
on specified days, are drawn upon the same sheet. ^ 

From these profiles it appears that the quantity of water 
used and wasted in the night hours is a very large percentage 
of the average for the day, especially in the winter time. 

Thus the profiles show the consumption of the Mystic 
Works from midnight to 4 A.M. of Jan. 22d to have been 
96 per cent, of the hourly average for the day ; that of the 
Cochituate Works, 90 per cent. ; and that of the High-Ser- 
vice Works, 88 percent. Of course, during those hours, 
the consumption of water for proper and useful purposes 
must have been comparatively slight.^ 

A comparison of the total revenue with the amount re- 
ceived for metered water, besides showing the injustice of 
the present system of water-rates, also illustrates how great 
is the amount of water wasted. 

In 1878, the meter rates were 2| cents per 100 gallons. 
The total receipts from water furnished from the Cochituate 
Works in that year were $945,329.96 ; the total consumption 
was 8,490,072,900 gallons; therefore the amount received 
for each 100 gallons was 1 Jq^ cents, or less than half the 
meter rates. 



1 In St. Louis no attempt is mado to check waste; in Fall River, meters are in quite 
general use. 

2 The supply from the Mystic Works, in severe weather, is sometimes greater on 
Sundays than on the other days of the week, the water being allowed to run fre^y in. 
the buildings that are closed on that day, to prevent freezing. 



50 City Document No. 79. 

The rates for domestic supply were based upon a much 
higher pvice than 2^ cents per hundred gallons ; but in con- 
nection with the rest of the unmetered supply, they average 
but -^^Q of a cent for that quantity of water. 

Had the city received in that year 2^ cents for all the water 
furnished, the revenue would have been $2,122,500, instead 
of $945,329.96. 

The principal causes of waste have been well stated by Mr. 
W. F. Davis, Water Eegistrar, in his special report to the 
Water Board, made in 1873. (See City Doc. No. 134, 1874.) 
He says : — 

The permanent, serious, and continual causes of waste of Cochitu- 
txte water are through the use of hopper watei'-closets ; the so-called 
self-acting closets ; urinals which are constructed for a continual run of 
water ; the use of hand-hose for the purpose of irrigation ; bad plumb- 
ing materials, and bad plumbing work ; and the steady run of water 
which is suffered in winter-time to prevent freezing. ... 

Hopper Water-Closets. 

January 1, 1873, there wei'e 16,137 of the different styles of these 
"hoppers " located within the premises of water-takers. They are found 
in all classes of houses. In the best ones they are usually situated in 
the area under the sidewalk, or in back premises, exposed to frost, for 
the use of servants. The water is turned on, in general, by turning a 
crank, whereupon the water runs until turned off; and this turning off 
is precisely what is omitted ; because, totally unlike the pan-closet, — 
which must of necessity close when the hand is removed, — the water 
in the " hopper " flows on until the specific operation of turning the crank 
again is performed, which is very apt to be inadvertently, negligently, 
or wilfully left undone. 

Self-acting Water-Closets. 

Under this head are 209 self-acting closets ; that is to say, by open- 
ing a door, or by seat-jjressure. These allow a flow of water only when 
in use, consequently the liability to their being left open is less than 
with the plain hopper; but they require a much larger quantity of 
water than either the pan, or self-closing, closet. For instance, a fam- 
ily of 7 persons, each one using the self-acting closet 5 minutes a 
da}^ thus, 209 closets, calls for 86,575 gallons daily ; while the same 
service by pan, or self-closing, closets would call for but 5,872 gallons, 
or, a saving in favor of the " j)an, or self-closing," of 30,723 gallons per 
day. 

The manifest economy of the pan, or self-closing, closets over the 
" hopper " is still more forcibly shown from the following cases, which 
the introduction of a meter measurement has enabled the department to 
set forth accurately. 



Case JSTo. 1. 



Gallons. 



Where there were 5 hopper-closets supplied, in 12 months 

they consumed 1,088,750 

By substituting pan-closets for these, the consumption for 

the same length of time was reduced to . . . 384,831 

Amount saved 703,919 



Eeport of the "Water Board. 



51 



Case JSFo. 2. 

Where thei-e were 3 hopper-closets supplied, in 12 months 
they consumed ........ 

By substituting pan-closets for these, the consumption for 
the same leng-th of time was reduced to . . . 



Amount saved 



Gallons. 

1,255,470 

19,859 

1,235,611 



Case No. 3. 

Where there was 1 hopper-closet supplied, in 12 months 
it consumed .... .... 

By substituting a pan-closet, the consumption for the same 
time was reduced to 

Amount saved 



Gallons. 

554,780 
100,572 
454,208 



Case No. 4. 

Where there were 3 hopper-closets supplied, in 12 months 
thej^ consumed ........ 

By substituting 6 pans for the 3 hoppei'S, for the same 
length of time, the consumption was reduced to . 

Amount saved 




Case No. 5. 

Where there was 1 hopper-closet supplied, in 12 months 
it consumed 

By substituting 1 self-closing closet, for the same length 
of time, the consumption was reduced to . 



Amount saved 



Gallons. 

554,800 

79,205 

475,595 



The result of the above 5 cases shows, in 13 closets alone, a 
total saving of 3,249,739 gallons a year, or a daily saving of 685 gal- 
lons for each closet, at the same time affording all the needed service. 
In these cases, meters are attached, and the water is doubtless shut off 
at night, showing, in part, that the great waste Avas in the working 
hours of the day. But for the meter, which compels the consumer to 
pay for all the water wasted as well as used, the estimate of loss above 
given would be more than doubled. Now, take the whole number of 
hopper-closets, i.e., 16,137, and assume what experience has shown to 
be within the actual fact, namely, that 1 closet in 5 is wasting water in 
the same ratio as the five cases cited, and the total waste will exhibit 
the amazing aggregate of 2,210,360 gallons in every 24 hours. 



Urinals. 

There are 2,152 public and private urinals located within the prem- 
ises of water-takers ; a very large proportion of this number are in man- 
ufactories, warehouses, stores and shops; they are constructed with no 
reference to economy in the use of water, having, usually, a constant 
flow of water by a one-eighth or one-half incli stream. It may be 



52 City Document No. 79. 

remarked here, that most of these m-inals are constructed without I'efer- 
ence to spreading the water over the sui-face of the bowl, thus allowing 
the salt of urine to collect, rendering the bowl nearly as filthy as if no 
water were used. 

Hand-Hose. 

During the past summer there were 1,318 hand-hose in use by Cochit- 
uate water-takers ; of this number, 638 were upon premises containing 
from 5,000 feet to 5 acres of land in the Roxbury and Dorchester Dis- 
tricts. The season was a dry one, and gardens and grass-land were 
freely watered by hand-hose, in a manner and to an extent never con- 
templated as a use for hand-hose ; besides, the rate of charges is in no 
way commensurate for such service, nor should it be allowed, if paid 
for. ... 

There are other descriptions of water-fixtures which are objection- 
able, in view of the economical use of water, but the waste by them is 
inconsiderable in comparison to those which are detailed above ; and 
these can be greatly improved by attention to the last, now to be given, 
cause of waste, namely : — 

Cheap and Defective Fixtures. 

These include a class of fixtures, denominated in trade, contract 
work. In most low-priced houses — and it is not always confined to 
those — plumbing is put in to bear tolerable insi^ection at exposed, 
or readily seen parts, while elsewhere, as under the floors and partitions, 
the workmanship and materials used are of the poorest description ; in- 
adequate to bear water-pressure, or the occurrences which constantly 
threaten. Leaks presently appear, increasing more and more ; then 
follow temporai'y expedients to put off thorough renewals ; all the 
while a constant loss of water goes on. To remedy this evil, a sort of 
inquisitorial inspection was established a few years ago ; but it became 
annoying to house-keepers, and it has proved inadequate to remedy so 
great an evil. Inspection and remedy should begin at an earlier 
period ; early enough to prevent altogether the introduction of every 
kind of fixtures or plumbing-work which, in' the experience of the 
Water Board, is liable to create waste from any cause whatever. 



The yearly consumption of water from the Mystic supply 
has not varied much since 1876 ; it, however, already exceeds 
somewhat the capacity of the source of supply in a year of 
great drought, and, should it increase, it will be necessary to 
build a new storage-basin. Waste of water, besides greatly 
increasing the pumping expenses of these works, causes much 
inconvenience in parts of Chelsea and Somerville by lowering 
the pressure in the street pipes. (See City Doc. 85, 1874, 
pages 25-27, and Appendix B.) 

The waste by the consumers in the high-service districts 
adds largely to the cost of pumping their supply, and if the 
present rate of increase of consumption with the dispropor- 
tionate use of water in the winter months is not materially 
lessened, new works must soon be commenced. (See City 
Doc. No. 117, 1875.) 



Eeport of the Water Board. 53 

The effect of the large consumption from the Cochituate 
low-service works is to very seriously reduce the pressure in 
the pipes throughout the low-service districts, and in conse- 
quence to make it impossible to draw a full supply in the 
upper stories of the higher buildings. During the past win- 
ter complaints of an inadequate supply were often heard, and 
a number of applications were made for an extension of the 
high-service pipes to remedy the trouble. The loss of head 
in January and February in the 30-inch distributing main at 
Beacon-Hill reservoir was 30 feet during the hours of great- 
est consumption, and the least loss in the night hours was 14 
feet. With the coming of warmer weather the greatest day 
loss has fallen to 20 feet, and the least night loss to 6 feet. 

To restore the pressure in the pipes either the consump- 
tion must be reduced or a new distributing main be laid from 
Chestnut-Hill reservoir. (See City Doc. No. 117, 1875 ; 
also No. 30, 1879, page 4.) 

if the present policy of allowing unrestricted use and 
waste of water is to continue, it will be necessary to make 
the above-mentioned extensions of works at an early day, 
and, when made, the need of other extensions would undoubt- 
edly soon be felt. 

There is another point of great importance to be con- 
sidered. A system of intercepting sewers is now building to 
collect the city sewage and convey it to Moon Island, where 
it is to be discharged only during the first two hours of ebb 
tide. To effect this purpose it is necessary to pump all the 
sewage and to build reservoirs to store it during a tide. The 
water that is wasted is received into the sewers, and its effect 
will be to greatly increase the first cost of the intercepting 
works and the cost of operating them. If all waste could 
be stopped the reservoirs, estimated to cost $431,000, could 
be reduced nearly one-half in size. 

Three methods of limiting or 'preventing waste have been 
adopted or proposed in various cities : — 

First, — The rigid enforcement of ordinances prescribing 
the class of fixtures that may be used, and requiring the 
plumbing of buildings to be done under competent inspec- 
tion. 

It is evident that had this city, from the earliest introduc- 
tion of the Cochituate water, required that all the plumbing 
should be so planned that the water could be completely drawn 
from the pipes on nights when it is liable to freeze ; that the 
weight and size of the pipes should be proportioned to the 
uses they were to serve ; that the discharge end of all 
overflow pipes from cisterns should be in plain sight, — over 
the kitchen sink, for instance, — and had the use of any form 



54 City Document No. 79. 

of water-closet other than those which measure out the water 
in the exact quantities needed for cleansing the bowl and flush- 
ing the drain-pipe, been prohibited, the waste of water would 
have been a matter of very much less moment than it now is, 
and millions of expenditure would have been saved. (See 
report of the Cochituate Water Board for 1856, City Doc. 
No. 12, 1857, pp. 11-13.) 

Second, — Thorough house-to-house inspection, to discover 
faulty fixtures and to detect waste from whatever source it 
may arise. 

The good effect of this method, even when imperfectly car- 
ried out, is illustrated on Sheet B. by the sudden dropping of 
the Cochituate profile in 1864, and it would have been much 
more marked had there been easily accessible shut-off cocks 
on the service pipes, by which waste in the night hours could 
have been readily detected. 

In the report of the "Water Board for 1865 it is stated that 
the number of notices issued for leaks from Jaiiuary, 1865, to 
May 1, 1866, was 9,555, and that the number of persons fined 
for waste was 3,093. The number of water-takers at the 
beginning of 1866 was 27,489. (See also Water Board re- 
ports for 1854, pp. 7-9; for 1864, p. 8; for 1866, p. 8.) 

When district waste-meters, to record the work of the in- 
spectors and measure its effect, are used in connection Avith 
day and night inspection the best of results may be obtained 
and at a moderate cost. 

Mr. Deacon, City Engineer of Liverpool, England, has 
invented a viery excellent meter for this purpose, and has 
applied it with wonderful success in that city. A description 
of it and of the manner of using it, and a statement of the 
results obtained with it, may be found in two papers by Mr. 
Deacon, appended to the annual report for 1874 of Mr. Davis, 
Water Kegistrar. (See City Document, No. 55, 1874, pp. 
84-112.) 

The following table, taken from one of Mr. Deacon's papers 
shows what may be accomplished by faithfully carrying out 
this method. The quantities are given in imperial gallons, 
which are about 20 per cent., or \, larger than the U. S. 
standard gallons : — 



Report of the Water Board. 



55 



No. District. 


Population. 


Former inter- 
mittent supply. 


Former con- 
stant supply. 


Present con- 
stant supply. 
Average fur 
week ending 
17th Nov. 


1. Henry Edward st. . 

2. Charters st 

3. Hatton Garden . . 

4. Bispham st 

5. Cockspur st. ... 

6. Gascoyne st. ... 

7. Plumbe st 

8. Leeds st 

9. Banastre st 

10. Midghallst 

11. Burlington st. . . . 

12. St. Paul sq 

13. Harrison st 

14. Paulst 


2,134 

2,285 

' 2,574 

1,540 

967 
1,534 
2,570 

827 
1,824 
1,826 
5,798 

899 
3,399 

838 


Gallons. 
18 
14^ 
23 

in 

22J 

18i 

31 

17^ 

U\ 

20i 

181 

24J 

18i 

24 


Oallons. 
35 
24 
40 
19 
38^ 
33 
55 
45 
26 
29 
28 
37 
S3 
41 


Gallons. 
66 
13.66 
19.19 
13.37 
14.39 
11.46 
17.28 
13.51 
10.27 
10.77 
12.85 
17.54 ■ 
12.77 
10.74 






19.59 


33.55 


13 32 









A recent pamphlet by him on this subject contains the fol- 
lowing : — 

The rate of suj^ply for domestic pm-poses under high pressure and 
constant service is now mucli less (in Liverpool) than in any other 
water-closet town, and probably even less than in any non-water-closet 
town in which the system has not been applied. 

In Glasgow, a water-closet city, in which the service is constant, the 
system has been extended to 80,000 persons, and the increased saving 
now amounts to 28 gallons per head per day. 

In Carlisle, another water-closet city, with a constant supply, the sys- 
tem, where worked, shows after a few months a reduction from 36 to 
20 gallons per head per day, including all water supplied for trades and 
public purposes. 

In Chorley, a cotton manufacturing town in which water-closets are 
less numerous, and in which a constant supply is given, the system has 
been applied to the whole population (18,300), and has reduced the 
demand from 16 to 10 gallons per head per day for all purposes, and 
from 18 to 6.8 gallons, excluding only the water sold by meter to manu- 
facturers. 

In Prescott (7,000) the total rate of constant supply under the same 
system is now about 8 gallons per head per day. 



Water will always be used much more freely here than in 
any of the English cities or towns mentioned above ; prob- 



56 City Document No, 79. 

ably it will not be considered desirable to attempt to reduce 
the consumption in Boston below 40 or 45 gallons per head, 
foi- all purposes. 

The third method of preventing waste is the application 
of meters to the service pipes ; or, in other words, the sale 
of water by meter measurement. The effectiveness of this 
method is beyond question ; but there are many serious 
objections to its general application, especially in large cities 
and to old works. It is not worth while at this time to 
enumerate these objections, nor to discuss the manner of 
overcoming them. Undoubtedly meters can with benefit be 
used much more extensively than they now are, especially 
in the high-service districts, where the consumption per 
capita is much greater than in other parts of the city. 

On Sheet F will be found a diagram showing the daily 
average consumption of water per consumer for several 
American cities. The figures from which it is drawn are 
given in the table on page 62. 

In Providence and Fall River meters are quite generally 
used, and it will be noticed that the consumption there is 
quite small, — about 40 gallons per consumer. 

Providence, with 8,122 service-pipes, has 3,648 meters in 
use, and in Fall River 52 per cent, of the service-pipes are 
metered. 

In Cambridge, where a system of inspection, more particu- 
larly directed to the discovery of leaks in the street and 
service-pipes than to the detection of wilful waste, is main- 
tained, the consumption is about 50 gallons per consumer. 

The following table contains statistics that will be found 
interesting in connection with this subject. It has been 
compiled with care from the statistics given in the annual 
reports of the various cities, but does not claim to be ac- 
curate : — - 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



57 















t>^3: 
















!E 


na 




^ 


Errt 












li 










i 


















1 


C3 


2§ §3 




















g 


Ux> 


















;h 


3 j= 


U^ 














i 








^o 


i 














CO >» to^ 


i ^2 












a 


a 

C3 
>. 

■a 
1 


z 


: 


00 received 
,nts and publ 

h for hydran 




3 




: 






tl 
■S3 O 
u u 

.2.2 

o o 
o o 


-a 

a 

o 

tfc; 

a 

o 

a 


" p 

Idings except 

icome from h 
nc from publ 
8, $1,000. 












O 






o 


o ra 
















t30 








an 












C3 






o 


^ u 


C3 




















3 


" o 














O 


o 


^ 


o 
o 




a> 




00 




00 






CO I— 1 L^ 


f) o ^ 

A 1— 1 


'' 












CO 














































«* 


J^ 


^ 


^ 


— -v^ 


- ^ 




•^ 




•«■ 












"^ 




"^ 










•snontJO 


1^ 


o 




CO 


OO 


c^ 


o 


(^ 


iM 


I, 


(M 




K_ 


oq 


»" 


CD 


o 


to 


^. 


o 


Ol 


00 




CI 






■* 








O 


>o 






CO 


a> 


o 


*# 


o 




tH 


-J* 


to 




•adid JO 
3|!ni aad 


CO 




, 


(N 


Cl^ 


Ol^ 


^^ 


lO^ 






to^ 


• 


t-^ 




CO^ 


O 


"^ 


t- 


<M_ 


o_ 


-^ 


!0_ 








c^ 


■^ 




cn" 




oT 








CO 




o 


rH 


o> 


IM 


o 


ira 




e4' 


rH 


C<1 




(N 




to 


-^ 


to 


to 


■* 


CO 


* 




to 


oq 






M 


-* 


IM 


CO 


Ol 


n.iduinsuoo 
















































"^^O 


(3^ 


00 


CO 


1— I 


Oi 


o 


^ 


aD~ 


ira 


o 


^ 


o 


to 


"o" 


CO 


5" 


CO 


Ol 




cq 


to 


•sja^am jo 


§ 


c^ 


I-i 


o 


oo 


o 




n 


to 

CO 


oo 


CO 


o 

CO 


00 




CO 


S 




CD 


^ 




oo 




jaqtunjj 


CO 










1-^ 




'-' 




















■^ 












uapun pu8 1 
















































'.tajaiuBip ui 1 c^ 










Ol 


CO 


UD 


o> 




t. 


lO 




00 




•-* 


"S 




o 


t- 






SI 


■ui 9 odid JO '° 










CO 




rjt 






to 


to 




t- 




"^ 


to 




t- 


to 






to 


aSejuao la^ 


















































(JJ 






CO 


-^ 




00 




"cT^ 




eo 




>o 














»0 




■^ 


•adid 


-* 


-*' 






oi 


cc 


o 


to 


M 


OS 


cq 


oy 




t-^ 


d 


»ra 


CO 


■* 


lO 


to 


CO 


rH 


ui 




-* 








■^ 


"^ 


o 


CO 




(M 




CO 




o 






o 


C!) 




CO 


Ol 


OO 




JO Bank 


















-*t 




I-H 


CO 






■^ 


T-H 




rH 


-* 










^ 


~~o~ 


"~ 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


O 


o 




o 


o 


"o" 


o 


O 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 




IM 


o 






'**» 






^ 




O 




cq 




(M 


00 




CO 


o 


t- 


CO 


o 


CO 


to 


•adid JO 


OS 


o 






CO 


CO 


CO 


OJ 


to 


^ 


IM 


CO 




f^ 


lO 


CO 


■* 


-H 


t- 


rH 


3! 


^.1 


o 


atfiu .lad 


00 














to 




o 










en 


t- 


T-l 


CO 






cq 


Cl 




CO 


t— 






c^ 


r-i 


t-H 




"°. 




to 


°L 




"^ 




o 


n* 


O 


rH^ 


CD 


t=_ 


^ 


cq 


Bidiaoa'ji 


«■ 


^ 






rH 


^ 


co^ 


T-^ 


cf 


N 


'"' 


<rf 




'"' 


r-T 


cf 


rH 


'"' 


« 




im" 




•^ 


- 1 c^ 


o 


(-^ 


o 




m 


o 


o 




o 


o 




o 


O 


o 


O 


o 


o" 


O 


o 


o 


o 


*:i|lUO "SjpAq 


o 


M 


^ 






r-^ 


^ 


Ol 










IM 


CO 


lO 




<3> 




•a 


nK 


CO 


o 


UI.J acaoani 


^ 


o 


-rjl 


0-t 




J^ 


•^ 


00 




00 


o 




irt 


CO 


o 


•* 


C71 


t_ 


to 


■<li 


o 


to 


■S[«^ UOIJIltU 




-* 


lO 


CO 


• 


rH 




o 


• 


CO 






IC3 


to 


to 


lO 


T 


■^ 


•"* 


"* 


■^ 


CO 


jadsidiaaaa 


S' 








• 








• 






























o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


o 


(3 


<3 




5 O 


o 


"o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


•pacun'suoo 
•sjbS iioinira 


^ 


^ 


rH 




to 


t- 




Ttl 


o 


-* 


cn 


c 






to 


(M 


Ol 


t^ 




"* 


CO 


o 


Oi 


,_J 


rH 


00 


04 


lO 


■^ 


«D 


t^ 


CO 


o 




> <M 


CO 


o 


>* 


(31 


t^ 


to 


-* 


o 


to 




eo 


O 




CO 


CI 




rH 




Ol 


(31 


t' 










■^ 




"^ 




"3* 


s? * 


aads:(diaoaa 


(M 


fH 


rH 


^ 






* 


rH 


*"* 




* 






* 




* 




* 


* 


* 


* 


* 




~ai — 


— ^ 


Oi 


kH" 


o 


lO 


CO 


JC— 


1^ 


fV^ 


^ 




5 (M 


to 


~^ 


tiO 


C<1 


^ 


<M 


o 


t^ 


00 




CO 


00 




t— 


c^ 


Tj< 


Oi 




to 


CO 






i IM 


rH 




to 


rH 


to 


CO 


Ol 


o 


in 


■ja-jBAi 




CO 


CO 


■<# 


■<# 


lo 


cq 


^ 


CO 


to 


<M 


t- 


uO 


r-i 


°i 


-^ 


OO 


Cl 


CO 


to 


t-. 


t- 


JO asn joj 


o_ 


o 


". 


o 
oo 




(N 




O 
OO 


o 


£ 


^. 


c- 


L ^ 




(M 


as 

1:- 


(M 


s 


Tf 


(N 


<M 


IM_ 


paAiaaaj 




co" 


■^ 


co" 


to 


ocT 


lei 


-H^ 


oT 


x^ 


ir^ 




h" of 


CO 


•^ 


C^ 


o' 


oc 


2 


<y. 


o; 


rH 


i 






to 




■rt* 


to 


CO 






O 




H "^ 


CO 


o> 


>r. 




o 


IN 




■q< 


Ol 


aniooiin.^ox 




rH 






Ol 




IM_ 


CO 


(N 


o 


■^ 






■* 




(M 






r-\ 








«■ 














'-•'" 






'^ 






"^ 


















■SlIOIIBf) 


~j7~ 


Cs 


oo 


o 


o 


lO 


to 


eo 


^ 


00 


CO 


t- 


VO 




o 


to 


lO 


2 


to 


CO 


to 


CO 


•aaiAjas jad 


CO 
CO 


CO 




o 

CO 


s 


^ 


to 




s 


-* 
■* 




a 


o 




". 


(3) 


r~i 

to 


o 

00 


§ 


p: 


c^ 


fi 


u.idcunsuoo 


























rH 




rH 








rH 


'-' 




>-<" 




o 


CO 


o~~ 


l>. 


o 


o 


CO 


o 


OQ 


o 


o 


c 


5 -* 




o 


o 


TJ» 


00 


O 


o 




tl< 




s 


CI 




to 


to 




■^ 


o 


o 


CO 




<: 


> i- 




o 






s 


■^ 




i; 




•saaiAjas 


y 




o> 




o 


^ 


■*, 


(N 


«c 




00 


c 






ot> 


t-; 


^ 


00 


■<# 


o; 


o 


o^ 


JO aaqiJnjj 


"" 


'^ 


«r 


co' 


ci 


^ 


c4 


to 




rH 


-tt 


t: 


s" co' 




to 

r-i 




r- 


s 




to 


cc 


■* 


■saoiiBO 
■pcaq .lad 


.o 


CO 


^ 


CO 


c^ 


-^ 
t* 




•* 


05 

to 


to 


tc 


b 


- J- 


00 




to 


UO 

c 


Ol 


CO 


00 


K 


s 


n.adcuriBuoo 














































o 


o 


o~ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


"^ 


O 


o 


C 


3 O 


o 




s 


o 


o 


O 


o 


O 


o 


•BUOIIBO § 

•uoiidtunfl o" 


to 

CO 


CO 


o 


o 

to 

CO 


co" 


to 
o 




o 


S- 


§ 





o' to 


o 
o 


<31 


(M C>^ 

. Ol rH 
to CO 


o 

Ol 


o 

Ol 


o 






-UOO aSBJ3AH S 


« 


§ 


c 


to 


iT. 


o_ 


o> 


co_ 


'j 


c 


1 *^ 


°i. 


S 


t- 






3 


i 


oc 


o^ 


M\^a 


ilL 


I-^ 


cT 


"^ 


^ 


§ 


T- 


eq 


00 


00 


o 

CO 




*a 

H 


■* 


C< 


t~ 


r- 


c< 


^ 




(M 


to 




1 o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


"^ 


o 


o 


c 


s o 


o 


~~o 


o 


O 




o 




a 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


cz> 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 




5 o 


o 


o 




O 




o 


o 




o 




o 


o 


o_ 


to 


o 


o 




o^ 


o 


o_ 


o 


i: 


3 O 




o 


o 


O 


c 


c 


o 


c 


o 


■noi'>B[ndoj 


o" 


s 




s 


'd 


o" 


o: 


o~ 


^ 


G 


0( 


c 


f ^ 


rH 


o 

c 


p 


o 


■ 1 




o; 


c 


g 




■^ 










CJ 




CO 


rH 


■^ 


■<* 


c 




00 


•5t 


'^ 










■^ 




"TT 
































_ 


^ 


CO 


t- 


^ 


, 


■aBa^\ 


CO 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" 


* 


■" 


* 


" 


" 




■* 


" 


" 


' 


' 






cc 


















^ 




-d m 












































^ 




a JC 




o 








































1 




3 , 




^ 








































s 




■^ c 




u 




























>. 












."ti 




2i 




w 




























Cit 


1 

o 


"a 

c 


to 
'C 

6 

ca 


p 




.a 
o 

o 

c 
c 

o 


c 
e: 

1- 
& 

c 




n 
o 

o 


c 

c 
c 




a c 
2 c 


«1 

ft 

■d 
S 




t 


c 
1- 


c 


' 1 


1 


< 

i 

c 




|| 


;^ 






::; 


H 


ft 


H PQ 


H 


« 


#< 


CQ 


p 


C 


J E- 


Hi 


a. 


L 


p 


c 


C 


pc 


*= 


I 



58 City Document No. 79. 



Additional Supply. 

By an order of the City Council, approved Feb. 11, 1879, 
the City Treasurer was authorized to borrow the sum of 
$350,000, to be charged to the account of ''Additional Water 
Supply." 

This, added to the sum which had been appropriated at the 
date of the last annual report ($5,062,886.80), makes the 
total amount that the Water Board is authorized to expend 
for this work, $5,412,886.80. 

The amount expended to May 1, 1879, is $5,003,686 16 
To which add percentage retained for 

faithful execution of contracts . . 8,275 54 



Total . . . . . $5,011,963 70 

Of this sum there have been expended $695,555.01 for 
preliminary surveys, special investigations, temporary sup- 
ply, and water and mill damages, leaving $4,308,133.15 as 
the amount expended for the work, land-damages, and gen- 
eral expenses, covered by the preliminary estimate of 1872. 

The Sudbury-river conduit was so far completed in Febru- 
ary, 1878, that it was used at that time to convey water 
from Farm pond to Chestnut-Hill reservoir ; during the year 
Sections 1 and 10, the connection with the Bradlee basin, the 
connecting-chamber of the two aqueducts, the iron-work for 
the gates and floors, and the terminal gate-house at Chestnut- 
Hill reservoir, have been finished ; in fact, the conduit and 
its appertaining structures. have been entirely completed, and 
have been placed under the charge of the Superintendent of 
the Western Division of the Cochituate Works. 

The work connected with the various storage-basins in 
Framingham made good progress for the most part, but 
there has been unnecessary delay in some of it. Section A 
(the conduit between Dam 1 and Farm pond) has been com- 
pleted, and all the sluice-gates pertaining to the dams are in 
place. 

The contract work upon Dam No. 3 was finished in Janu- 
ary, and during the preceding month the reservoir was filled 
with water for the first time. 

Keservoir No. 1 was kept full most of the winter, but has 
recently been drawn down to permit work upon Dam 2. 

The work contracted for during the year is as follows : — 

Two highways in Ashland and Framingham, with abut- 
ments for a bridge across Sudbury river. ^ 



Eeport of the Water Board. 59 

Eaising Union street in Ashland, and rebuilding the abut- 
ments of a bridge. 

Two iron-bridges for above roads. 

Eaising Salem street in Framingham, and constructing a 
bridge across Stony brook. 

Timber dam in Basin No. 2, to prevent drainage of upper 
portion. 

Excavation and filling at Park's corner, on land of Mr. 
Nevins. 

Paving and protecting the embankments of the B. & A. 
E.E. in Basin No. 2. 

Clearing Basins Nos. 1 and 2. 

South dam on the old outlet of Farm pond. 

Surface drainage ditch on the west shore of Farm pond. 

Gate-house for Dam No. 1. 

Gate-house for Section A. 

Of the above contracts six are unfinished, but will be com- 
pleted during the summer. 

For the year ending Dec. 31, 1878, the average record of 
rainfall at five points in the Sudbury-river water-shed (Hop- 
kinton, Westboro', Marlboro', Southboro', and Framingham) , 
is 57.93 inches, of which 52.63 per cent, found its way to 
the river. The total yield of the river and Farm pond was 
41,202,000,000 gallons,— equivalent to a depth of 30.488 
inches over the whole drainage area, or to a daily flow of 
nearly 113,000,000 gallons. 

For the year ending April 30, 1879, the rainfall was 51.74 
inches, 53.82 per cent, of which reached the river, giving a 
total yield of 37,635,600,000 gallons, — equivalent to an 
average daily flow of 103,100,000 gallons. 

On Feb. 13, 1878, the sluice-gates at the Farm-pond 
gate-house having been finished, the water was for the first 
time turned through the entire length of the new conduit to 
Chestnut-Hill reservoir. 

During the year it was used to convey water to the reser- 
voir as follows : — 



February 11 to 16, inclusive . 
July 5 to 13, " 

August 12 to 14, " 
September 25 to October 15, inclusive 
October 24 to 25, inclusive . 
November 1 to 2, " 
November 8 to 9, " 



Gallons. 

148,400,000 
118,200,000 
96,400,000 
188,100,000 
15,200,000 
23,700,000 
13,700,000 



60 City Document No. 79. 

Gallons. 

November 11 to 12, inclusive . . . 42,900,000 

November 22 to 24, " . . ' . 29,200,000 

December 21 to 22, "... 51,000,000 

December 26 to 27, '« . . . 27,000,000 



Total, 52 days .... 753,800,000 

From January 1 to May 1 of this year it has been used 
31 days, and has conveyed 889,700,000 gallons of water to 
the reservoir. 

In 1872 a ditch passing under the Boston & Albany and 
Milford Branch Eailroads was dug through the swamp to 
the south of Farm pond, to open a communication between 
the pond and Lake Cochituate. 

This ditch has been frequently used during the past six 
years to supplement the natural supply to the lake, but as, 
upon the completion of the conduit, it was no longer needed, 
it was closed last season, and the railroad embankments were 
filled solid. This may be said to have blotted out the Tem- 
porary Supply AVorks. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JOS. P. DAVIS, 

City Engineer. 



=BOST0I^ ^WATER WORKS. ===== A 

DIAGRAM sViowiitg the yearlj percentage of increase in the consumption and 
water takers since the year 1850, also the daily average consuniption per taker during 
the same period. 




• / 79^ 


























































300 
XSO 
ZOO ^ 
ISO ^ 

too 

50 














































































.— 


























































\ 


































1. 1 iC^/l 




















S 




V 




















































? 




\ 
































/ 




















^ 




\ 


















































> 




















































i 


Pi 










V. 




\ 
























., 


' 


Gallons jae. 












x\V 




<? 


V 


/ 










\ 






















, 


»' 














«/ 


















\ 


































. 


riir 




















\ 


























y^' 








J* 














^ 




























/ ( 




^ 


— 1 








<s> 














,' 


*, 






I 






^ 


• ^ 








«^ 


/ 


..-X' 




^ 


— - 














, 










\ 








^" 


'~ 






K 




/ 


/ 




























> 




.. 






/ 








\ 




r, 




r-^.' 






" 
























■*■ 


'' 


\ 


^^ 


y 








\ 




^L 


^ 


















































~^=^ 


-> 






























,' 


















— 






^ - 


















































/ 






y' 


,'' 


















































y 


































.lO^ 


\.-- 


' 














/ 


^^ 


































K/lP 


r»"' 














, 1 






































j^ 


iW.'- 


' 






i/ 


jJjG 




" 






' 


































^ 








• 


rf'^ 












































< 








t.-r^ 


ft J 


I-' 


















































"»^, 


Z> 














































i 








■ — 
















































/ 


^ 


0*^^ 


















































,-- 


' ^ 


'^ 


















































/ 


^^ 






















































^:'^ 






















































fi* 


7^ 






















































£. 


























































£AST BOSTON SUPPLIED FROM THE MrSTIC kVO/fKS S//YCE ^AN. f. I870, W/TM IHE EXCEPTION OF 7 AfO^TNS «?/=• TNe 
ySA/t /S7S. 



JuifoiSs Beotype ProsssSsstjn 



BOSTON ^WATER W^ORKS. 

DIAGRAM sJiowin^ tlie dailv average eonsimipiion ffom the Cocliituate and Mystic 
w'oi'ks for each month, also the moiithlv i-ainf^Hs and avevagfe montlilj temperatures 
fi'om 1850 to 1&79. Hie daily average for the ye ai- shown tlius 




HIGHLAND HlCai- SJEKVICE WORKS. C 

Diagram showing the daify average Consumption for each month, 

from 1870 to 1879. 


Ctalloits. 


7870. 


7871. 


JS7Z. 


1873. 


787^. 


7875. 


i87e. 


7877, 787 


y. 7879. 


Z,500,000. 
Z,40 0,000, 
Z, 3 00,000, 
Z, ZOO, 000. 
Z, 100,000, 
Z, 000, 000, 
1,900,000, 
/, 8 00, 000, 
1, 700,000, 
1,600,000, 
1,600,000, 
1. 4,00 OOO 


















1 






















































L 
















1 r^ 


















■ ■■■ L 


r •■ 
















Lr 
















■ 


\ I 


















J 


















Jlr 






























r 


1 


-pjj- 






/f 300,000. 

1,Z 00,000, 

1, 100,000. 

1,000,000. 
900,000, 
800,000. 

700,000, 

600,000, 
$00,000, 










jJ 




r 














■]ljj 


-- - 
















H 
















\.\ 


PP 




y" 














\ 


" 
















lj 






































/\) 


n 


J 
















■^ 


I/* 


















It 

















iiiffQ([]:l^(itoty|jf;T:n.e';^'E- 



DIAGUAM. 
showing tlie liourly rate of ConsiAmptitf" of water per 

^ . :. . :^- = .- ^ ^ 5 ^ ; ^ ^^ ^ 5 ' ^^ = 


D 

head of Consumers. 

w ^" . . . . 
: Si -» N to .;h vj 


no 

160 

tso 

/^ 

fzo 
no 

109 

BO 
80 
70 
6o 
So 
Uo 

30 
20 
lO 














































































fir 






1 
1 


\ 
\ 








































il 


\ 
\ 




1 

1 


\ 

\ 

— \- 












































Jl.. 


1 
I — 


\ 








































\i 




\/ 






^ 
















t 




















i 


1 




V 






4 — 


-iX- 


































-Y 






{m; '• 


)■ — — 




\^ 


\ 


Ik 
















''\ 
















?/,. 




L 


Vi 






















^s- 




\ 

\ 








/\ 










_hL 












^■^ 




> 


\r 










^ 






1 


\ 




,^^ 


1 




I 


< 


^j 


' 


^^■^ 










\ 












I 


-A 


/ 




\ 




ii' 










\ 




^ 
'^^ 




















I 


^ 


'v' 




\ 
\ 




<- 






/ 






> 


2i 1 




> 

i # 


r" 


"••,r. 


...••' 




*> 








1/ 








\ 


\ 


-/ — 






1 l-r 


a — • 


— ♦— 


->^ 


N: 






~ 








■^%j 


..... 


/•^ 


m 


-li^' 


1^.^ 


f_AA,. 


'«>, 


C-' 




A 


1 
1 


n 


,' \ 








\ 


1 1 








• 

2^ 


^"^ 




t 


(— 










"a" 


1 




/ 


\i 


/■■ 








1 




\ 


-^ 










— *n 

\ 




'■■ 

















r 


V 


1 / 












V- 


/ 




\/ 








\ 














V-- 


/ 






\mi 




/■^ 








1 














-\ — 


^ 












-^. 


=^ 


\ !" 


"J 


•', ....^ 


» 


^ 


\ 
\ 




■• 










•" ■•■ 








> 


Sj 
















>,•« 




v/ 




\ 




A 






•. 


■. .:• 




\ 








s 


"IPk 








1 


V 


V 










\^ 




\. 










', 












(., 








^^^ 


/ 4 


i 
















•-^, 


N. 




„^t" 


•-•-> 


''•"^J 




A 






^ 


t^J>} 


2C£_ 


-z:^ 


.!^' 


<?.■ 


>i 


















/ 


•\J 








V 


^ 


r--. 










HP 

• 

/ 




r 


^1 


































", 




A. 




/ 

• 


w 


i 


^ 
































\ 


'«-• 


•■"\ 


/ \ 


■■'( 


'^^ 




1 


1 


































•^., 




k .. 






\ 


^f 






































^^ 










-"^ 
















1 















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































BuffoiSsI 


heolvpe' 


rote:,s BosljH 



Profiles of HoiirW Rate of Consumpliou of ^^^i' iiijier cents of tlieDaily Consumption. 



FALL RIVER FEB 4? TO 8^ 1878. 


















ST. LOUIS 


JANUARY 1879. 






















































~ 





— 




[ — 1 












, 




























1 






























^ 


-_ 


































^ 






















-- 








"^ 




— 1 


-~ 


— 


— 


> 


































— 




- 






















































. 










































— 






i ; 




L. 




1 




_ 
























r 


L 




l 


» ' 


(■ 


5 




7 


i 


\ 


« 


1 1 


t 


' 


I 


k ' 


V 




8 " 




5~ 


> 1 


1 


1 1 


L 









BOSTON 


HI&K 


SERVICE WORKS 


APR. 18^! 


1879. 










































-■ 




1 




1 — 1 














/- 




r 


■^ 




















1 


















/ 












■^ 






"^ 








N, 


















y 




























si- 


1 1 
















1 






















































































1 




_ 


_ 






_ 

































Md-^u 















FALL 


RIVER 


JULV 


lera 


ro 20 


M 


1878. 










1 1 








1 










1 J 


































/ 






^ 


N 






M 






\ 


























J 


f 










\- 












^ 


N 




















/ 


f 




























\ 








- _, 




__ 


____ 




/ 
































^ 




»- 
































































































. 


X i 


4 


■ 


7 


\, ! 


10 1 


n 




i 


'i 


4 ! 


6 7 6 » 10 1 


1 



<Mi&dtt*J 
BOSTON COCHITOATE WORKS JAN. 2|ff 1879. 





~ 




^n 


= 




1 


^ 


r= 








— 


— 1 


' — ' 


n 




' 


1 




r-i 


— 
















/I 
















































/ 




■^ 




V 




^ 




H 


'> 


^ 
















— ■ 




-~ 






/ 






























■^ 










1 




























































































































1 
i 






ho 


— ' 


■35 


4 


kSO 


i 


so 




E3o 


K 


>io 


11 


.30 


2 


io 


4.J0 


6.30 


! 


.30 


1 


>.3e 


n 



BOSTON COCHfTUATE WORKS APR. 8™ 1879. 







^ 






=^ 


1 




^^ 


' — 1 


1 1 




— ^ — 




' — 


















/^ 


^ 


^ 


'^ 




w 


























■ 




/ 












\ 


y 




M 




N 




/i, 














^ 


L^ 




























v> 


»^ 


"^v 






"^ 






































































































i 




























_ 






z 




I 


J 


4- 


r- 


■ 789 


e II 11 


Z34-5 678SI0IIR 



•XiA^aH 

















FALL 


RIVER 


DEC. 23 


NO 


ro 


26 


T 


878. 










































1 


._ 







^ 




























__. 




^ 


^ 
















5 


^ 










— 












^ 




















s 














t, 










y 


/ 


























V 


w. 


.^ 


^_ 


->, 




\ 














































































































































J 




It 


1 


1 3 4 


s 


8 


r- 


!- 


» 


II 


X 






r-5- 




B 


7 


5- 


9 


Q 


i-Tj 



BOSTON MYSTIC WORKS JAN.2IV 1879. 



— 


^- 












^ 


^ 


r" 


~" 






"^ 


^^ 


^ 


~ 


^=™ 


r~ 




""" 


~" 


















































— 








r 




; 






— 


— 


> 










/ 


'- 


^ 








L_ 








V. 


_/ 


































- 


' 1 
















































































































































t.3o 


».so 


4.30 


MO 


< 


iJJO 


K 


ISO 


n 


Ao 


l.»0 


430 


6.30 


Uo 


10.30 


■a. 



BOSTON Mystic works apr. 69 to i6?i879. 



= 


== 






^ 


^= 


= 


f==j 










= 


1 


i 






1 — 1 


- 


n 


1 — 
















































- 




f 








5 














y 














^ 


~" 


\- 


x-J 
















, ^ 


<^ 




H 


^ 




























"^ 


s. 


_ 


















































































































































-J 








I 


^ % 4^ 


5 6 


^6 9 10 1 


It 


i. i"? '5 6 


r 


1 e 10 tt 11 



t^Eid-datf 



KitofiBieiitXt ?'><■-''" 



SHOWING THE DAILY AVERAGE CONSUMPTION OF WATER PER HEAD OF CONSUMERS 
FROM THE CHICAGO, DETROIT, COCHITUATE HIGH- SERVICE, COCHITUATE, MYSTIC, PHIL- 
ADELPHIA, BROOKLYN, CAMBRIDGE, FALL Ri'VER, AND PROVIDENCE WATER WORKS. 




Eepoet of the Water Board. 



61 



Table showing Number of Water- Takers, daily Consumption, and Percentage 
of Increase since 1850. Cochiiuate Works. 



Year. 



Number 

of 
takers. 



Average 

daily 

Consumption. 



3 a 



ego 
§ « 2 

(J; n caco 



£ 00 



1850. 
1851. 
1852 . 
1853. 
1854. 
1855. 
1856, 
1857. 
1858 , 
1859, 
1860, 
1851, 
1862. 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1872 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 



12,786 


5,837,900 


14,770 


6,883,800 


16,469 


8,125,800 


17,516 


8,542,300 


18,682 


9,902,000 


19,596 


10,346,300 


20,402 


12,048,600 


21,204 


12,726,000 


22,008 


12,847,000 


22,843 


13,175,000 


23,794 


17,238,000 


24,901 


18,189,300 


25,888 


16,600,000 


26,570 


16,238,500 


26,949 


16,681,000 


27,268 


12,662,000 


27,622 


12,229,000 


27,929 


13,565,000 


28,921 


14,769,200 


30,619 


15,070,400 


29,943 - 


15,007,700 


32,308 


13,945,500 


33,816 


15,063,400 


35,014 


17,842,700 


36,580 


18,074,900 


41,000 


19,267,700 


39,958 


20,237,700 


41,145 


20,673,500 


42,586 


23,205,700 



457 
466 
493 
488 
530 
528 
591 
600 
584 
577 
724 
730 
641 
611 
619 
464 
443 
486 
511 
492 
501 
432 
445 
509 
494 
470 
507 
502 
545 



15 


18 


29 


39 


37 


46 


43 


69 


53 


77 


60 


106 


66 


108 


72 


120 


79 


126 


86 


195 


95 


212 


102 


184 


108 


178 


111 


186 


113 


117 


116 


108 


118 


132 


126 


153 


140 


168 


134 


157 


153 


139 


164 


158 


174 


206 


186 


210 


221 


230 


213 


247 


222 


254 


233 


297 



62 



City Document No. 79. 





a >. 
























































_^ 


00 


t-^ 


CO 


t— 


■* 


rH 


N 




to 


rH 


t-; 


t- 


r-H 


CO 


to 


co 


IN 


■^ 


OS W 


►-; 


■* •* 


OS 




-* 




■n 


(N 


CO 


e4 


U5 


-si 


d 


(N 


00 


CO 


d 


IN 


00 


d 


^ 


d 


l-J 


d 


d 


d d 


d 


00 d 


d 




CO 




p. 




t- 


t- 


to 


1- 


to 


>o 


<* 


to 


O 


t- 


>o 


-« 


00 


o 


00 


o 


00 


00 00 


t- 


t- s 






t— 




'f'^ 


<! 






























r-i 




*"* 


















o rt (ij 










































































































1± E S 

^ 3 


t 


r^ 






°°. 


■^ 


t- 


tc> 


O 


T* 


IN 


Ol 


OJ 


CO 


t- 


OJ 


T* 


°°. 


-* 


■o 


co 


CO CO 


ire 




CD 




§^ 


a 


d 


00 


co 


to 


CO 


c<i 


d 


^ 


d 


d 


T|i 


co' 


CO 


00 


CO 


d 


<6 


tJ 


CO t-^ 


(3 


ire d 


OJ 




d 




3 








o 








r-i 




o 


<3J 


a> 




o> 






r-l 








o o 


s 




o 


CO 

as 
o 




c 
a 

1-5 


rH 








rH 






r-l 










" 




rH 




r-l 




r-i rH 














00 

tH 


CO 


•* 


lO 


~ 


00 


~ 


o 


-* 


~ 


OJ 


CO 


~ 


CO 


1)< 


IN 


OJ 


~ 


Ttl 


lO O 


eo 


t~ CD 




C3S 








<i3 






o 


o 


^ 






lO 


00 






o 




C^l 






lO 




ira to 


OS 


•^ cq 


-HI 






o 


S3 




c^ 




Oi 


to 


■<t 


en 


r^ 


°2. 


c^ 


to 


o 














03 CO 




o cq_ 


OJ 


cq 


CD 






















































O 




o 






to 




o 


CO 


rf 




-hi" 


Ci" 


•* 






a> 




00 




t-^ d" 


M 


CO to 


d" 




cq" 


E-i 


s 

a 

o 




-# 


tH 




o 


-* 








(31 


IN 


CO 




(N 




to 


o 


to 








to o 




cq 


Til 


>< 


't-i 
P. 


CO 


CO 




CO 


CO 


IN 


IN 


<N 


IN 


CT 


CO 


IN 


IN 


CO 


■* 


-* 


Tll 


•^ 


CO -^ 


CO 


CO -^ 


CO 


c>_ 

oo" 


« 
























































O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


O 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


Q 


'o 


o o 


o 


o o 


o 


o 


to 




>. 






>* 




-* 


o 




cq 






IN 


05 


OJ 


(N 










O IN 


CD 


cq to 










^ 


o 


(5 


to 






IN 




°i 




00_ 


o 




OJ 


rH 


IN^ 


iO 






ire -* 


O 


1C5 OS 






ire 
























































o 




-* 


o 






OJ 




to 


d" 




en 










in" 


CO 


■n 


CO 


co" to" 


d" 


rJ t-T 


-<# 


CD 






c^ 


r-l 


lO 


(M 




IM 


IN 




(N 


r^ 






CO 


IN 


CO 


CO 


■* 


-« 


in Til 


t- 


OS OS 










U3 




« 


■* 




U5 


lO 


■O 


« 


lO 




-* 


O 


-* 


U3 


>o 


■o 


>o 


lO o 


■* 


■^ T|l 


■^ 


cq 






a 
















































rH 








■el's 

-1 






















































_; 








(N 


t-. 


»-; 


« 


Tjl 


rH 


CO 


eo 


Ol 


CO 


■* 


rH 


I- 


00 


■o 


OJ CO 


IN 


tH cq 


OS 


, 


to 




'n 


tJ 


d 


j-I 


(N 


rH 


'^ 


^ 


IN 


rH 


d 


d 


d 


^ 


CD 


CO 


CO 


d 


o 


OO t-^ 


d 


d d 


CO 




o 




<i 


O 




o 


a 


05 










t^ 




I- 




O 




IN 


CO 


IN 




T-H 


r-l rH 


o 




o 






r-l 


r-l 






















rH 


"^ 








rH rH 




rH rH 








. 


^ -t-3 tC 

5< rt o 








































































































ff^ 


£• 


'*. 


r^ 


CO 


r- 


03 




t~ 


t-; 


-* 


■^ 


in 


•>* 


rH 


U5 


.o 


CO 


rH 


•>* 


rH f. 


■* 


ire r-H 


CCS 




CO 






cs 






00 


d 


IN 


ii 


It-^ 


(N 


d 




d 


IN 


to 


CO 


IN 


r-H 


d 






cii 


OCJ d 


d 






3 
3 


rH 


r-l 


CO 
r-l 


3 


3 


rH 


IN 

rH 


(N 


CO 

rH 


(N 


rH 


IN 


3 


t- 


Ir- 


rH 


t- 


to 

r-i 


-* 115 
1-i rH 


•<* 


CO -til 


eo 

rH 




TH 

rH 


CO 

s 


-<o^ 


i-j 




























~ 


~ 










~ 












rH 


O 


o 


O 


o 


■n 


O 


>o 


~ 


O 


O 


o 


>o 


o 






lO 


o 


o 


lO lO 




o ire 


o 


.re 


00 


w 




a 


CO 




CO 


-T 






o> 


to 




to 


to 


IN 


U5 


CO 


O 






IN 


OJ CO 


cq 


00 CI 




r? 




c 




IM 








■* 


CO 


CO 


IN 


CO 


to 




to 


IN 


°i 




IN 


OJ 


Tl< ICD 


CO 


Tf CO 


cq 


■^ 


"1 






















































(4 


o 






C 




■o 






CO 


Ol 






t~ 




to 










l>f 


t- CD 




ire" ire" 


oT 


cT 


cT 










Oi 


00 




t- 




to 


in 


UO 




■o 


>a 


CO 


00 


o 


o 


O 


o 


OS OS 


OS 


OS OS 








ft 


— 






























r-i 


r-i 


r^ 


r-i 










Oi^ 




p 

M 

a 


s 

3 
c 


<5 


















































o 


O 




















































© 


O 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


O 


O 


O 


O O 


o 


o o 


o 


O 


to 


>. 


TH 




t— 


c» 






o 




CJ 


!N 


•* 




rH 




IN 


CO 


-^ 


CO 


IN O 


eo 


CO cq 










•a 




l^ 


CO 




(N 


C-l 




lo 


IN 






CO 


OO 


cq 


-* 


CO 


CO^ 


IN__ 


Ttl TP 




lO OJ_ 


o 


i."? 


CO 




1^ 

3 


r-l 


r-T 


»c" 


CO 


■^ 


t-T 


■^ 


TiT 


d" 


-*" 


co" 


d" 


d" 


Qj' 


Cl" 


r-T 


-+ 


CO 


l-" 


r^ TlT 


CD 


co" -*" 


t^ 


^ 


to" 




r-( 










OJ 


o 


o 




o 


OJ 


o 


rH 


-* 


■* 




-* 


CO 


IN IN 




r- 1—1 


o 








o 




r-l 




r-l 


r-l 


rH 




rH 




7-t 


rH 






rH 


rH 




r-i 


r-l 




TH r-i 


r-i 








rH 




w 
















































(N" 




■ - - 1 




c >> 




eo 


to 


^ 




a> 


-# 


^ 


^ 


IN 


lO 




t- 


^^ 


OO 




^ 


co_ 


00 


00 OJ 




oo ire 


oc; 




O 




^1 


•^ 


d 


co" 


d 


rH 


tJ 


t~l 


t~l 


d 


^ 


CD 


-* 


^ 


d 


d 


d 


d 


OO 


»n 


IN ira 


d 


CO d 


-HH 




o 




ft 
<1 


OS 




to 


CO 


to 


to 


»o 










to 


to 


00 


o 






OJ 


O OS 










d 
































rH 


















CO 




-^5 • 










































































































J3 =3 S 








































































































3 2 


>. 


■* 


t- 


CO 


rH 


IN 


»o 


1)1 


b-. 


to 


t- 


rH 


T); 




o 


IN 


OJ 




1>- 


CD r-H 


a> 


CO t- 


t- 




t- 




a 


c^ 


o 


iM 


«■ 


•^ 


CO 


00 


fJi 


rH 


-iJ 


OCJ 


•-H 


00 


d 


t^ 


r-^ 


CO* 


-Tl^ 


d CO 


■^ 


ci d 


d 




n 






CO 








O 


o 


o 




O 


o 


a> 


O 




on 


OJ 






05 


CO IN 




ci cq 


cq 






W 


i 


r-l 




r-l 




T-t 


rH 


1^ 




rH 


rH 




r-i 










r-l 




rH rH 


r-l 










e; 


S;:?; 


















































1 


<i^ 


1^ 




















































00 
























































o 


o 


O 


O 


o 


O 


o 


o 


O 


O 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


O O 


O 


o o 


o 


o 


CD 




<j^ 


CO 


^ 










CO 


OJ 




00 




IN 








CO 


CO 


CO 


T(< m 




-H t_ 








c 




■* 


lO 


o 


o 






■"* 


-*^ 


o^ 


I-- 




CO 


CD 


to 


■^ 


o 




O t- 


-* 


CO ire 


S_ 


c^ 


't. 


<! 




















































o 




IM 




d" 


d 






o 


<>f 






<d 


■^ 


CO 


co" 


d" 


00 


r-T 


CO 


r-n" T("" 


t-^ 


ire CO 




cm" 




p 






o 


(M 




C3 


lO 


Til 


-* 


to 


to 


(N 




00 






rH 




OJ 




TjH CD 














p< 


X 


o 




t^ 


00 






to 


to 




to 


U3 


to 


■^ 


OJ 


rH 
r-T 


IN^ 

r-T 


O 

r-n" 


CD 


rH O 
rH r-H 


OS 


o § 


OS 


CO 


oo 


O 

o 


S 


ft 

<1 














































c^ 




O 


o -, 








































































































O 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


O 


o 


O 


O O 


o 


o o 


o 


-3 


CO 






s 


CO 


o 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


o 






o 






o 




Tji 








CI 


CO o 


OJ 


-f 






>, 


a 


TP 






OS 


o. 


05^ 


"^ 


o_ 


CD 


"i 




CN 


c» 




^„ 


TT 


CO 


to 


OJ_ t~ 




C0_ OJ^ 




»M 






























































oT 


■^ 


to 






•*■ 


CO 


d 




of 




d" 




o 


cT 




CO* 




<^ d" 


m 






CO 






p 








■^ 


-a* 






o 


(N 


IN 












IT- 


OO 




OJ 


3 S_ 






CO 




to 




o 


c^ 


-* 


1^3 


w 


(N 


r-^ 


cq 


c^_ 






r-^^ 


o 


rH^ 


OJ 


OJ 


o 


to 


-* 


-* 


c5 


CO_ CO 




ot 


**"i 




w 


n" 


'"' 


^~' 




'^ 


^' 




rH~ 




"" 


r-l" 
















rH 


r-T r-T 




rH rH 




s 










• 














^ 






















' • 


















rt 




































M <) 














m 




(C 


" 


" 


" 


" 


" 


^ 


< 


" 


■* 


' 


- 


" 


" 


■* 


' 


" 


* 


" p; 


" 


' ' 


" 


• 


01 




pi 












o 




c^ 




















o 




IN 










be 




s 




to 


t^ 


CO 


<y> 


tH 


rH 




r~f 


IN 


CO 


Tjl 


>o 


to 


!■- 


00 


OJ 


r-i 


rH 




cq 


CO ■* 


in 


^ 


« 




o 




o 


o 


p 


o 


O 


O 


O 


O 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


_o 


o 


O 


O 


o o 


o 


o o 


o 


c« 


^H 




W 






■^ 
























-r» 








■r> 


-1^ ^-> 








o 


1 






>ra 


o 


'■- 


oo 


o> 


O 
rH 


rH 


IN 
rH 


rH 


(N 


CO 


•* 


ta 


CO 


t- 


00 


OJ 


o 

rH 


rH IN 

rH rH 


'-' 


cq CO 


■* 



Report of the Water Board. 



63 



Daily average Consumption of Watet' in Gallons per Consumer 
in various American Cities. 





<a 

6^« 


Sit 

m <^ • 
See Q 


o 

o ° 
1n o 


> 


6 

a 


01 

1 


2 
3 

1 


i 

o 

g 


o 

03 


1 
"S 
P 


1877. 






















January 


99.3 


107.6 


111.9 


42.2 


39.5 


67.2 


50.6 


69.8 


120.1 


119.8 


February 


87.2 


104.7 


94.2 


47.8 


39.3 


57.2 


51.4 


62.9 


118.1 


115.2 


March 


76.7 


91.6 


80.9 


41.8 


31.8 


51.9 


51.7 


59.5 


117.2 


112.5 


April 


74.7 


85.4 


67.7 


41.9 


38.7 


49.9 


55.0 


55.9 


120.1 


99.4 


May 


76.6 


90.9 


67.8 


46.5 


42.7 


55.8 


60.6 


60.8 


123.6 


101.1 


June 


78.9 


96.0 


76.3 


49.4 


48.8 


65.1 


64.8 


63.2 


125.2 


104.0 


July 


80.9 


88.7 


77.6 


48.7 


47.5 


56.0 


65.2 


65.3 


131.6 


113.1 


August 


80.5 


89.9 


75.0 


47.8 


44.1 


53.5 


68.0 


62.9 


131.5 


115.4 


September .... 


83.0 


95.2 


75.7 


43.5 


47.2 


55.9 


66.6 


64.2 


129.3 


112.3 


October 


7S.5 


93.9 


80.3 


35.1 


40.1 


50.8 


64.2 


58.6 


123.2 


103.8 


November .... 


75.3 


96.4 


67.4 


35.7 


33.6 


47.0 


60.6 


55.3 


118.4 


91.7 


December 


79.0 


99.6 


70.3 


80.7 


33.1 


44.2 


56.1 


57.2 


114.8 


88.0 


Averages 


80.6 


95.0 


78.8 


41.9 


40.5 


54.5 


59.7 


61.3 


122.8 


106.4 


18T8. 






















January 


93.1 


114.6 


93.9 


30.6 


32.2 


50.2 


52.4 


60.1 


123.1 


93.5 


February 


91.7 


111.6 


90.4 


29.5 


32.0 


46.7 


51.3 


59.6 


118.3 


101.8 


March 


80.7 


103.6 


74.4 


30.4 


32.8 


43.1 


55.3 


54.9 


111.8 


100.0 


April 


79.0 


103.5 


66.8 


31.3 


33.8 


41.8 


64.1 


55.8 


108.9 


99.9 


May 


84.1 


106.4 


70.0 


40.4 


41.0 


49.0 


64.1 


58.4 


109.6 


106.4 


June 


88.8 


111.6 


75.9 


41.1 


41.3 


52.1 


67.8 


59.6 


116.7 


110.5 


July 


97.0 


115.3 


81.7 


45.2 


54.6 


61.2 


72.8 


65.0 


140.7 


121.8 


August 


93.1 


97.6 


78.5 


41.3 


43.3 


49.1 


66.1 


62.8 


143.5 


125.0 


September .... 


92.0 


104.9 


78.5 


41.4 


43.4 


49.2 


69.9 


63.6 


136.0 


117.3 


October 


90.3 


106.7 


70.6 


38.3 


38.5 


47.9 


63.7 


61.4 


132.0 


110.2 


November .... 


83.1 


105.5 


67.2 


35.0 


31.9 


41.4 


59.1 


56.5 


128.5 


103.4 


December 


83.5 


111.1 


73.5 


34.0 


31.5 


44.9 


55.7 


59.9 


132.2 


106.4 


Averages 


88.0 


107.7 


76.8 


36.5 


38.0 


48.1 


61.9 


59.8 


125.1 


108.0 


1879. 






















January ..... 


105.6 


130.1 


99.2 


32.9 


37.4 


66.1 




74.9 




128.0 


February 


102.8 


121.7 


100.5 


32.8 


38.8 


55.6 




72.4 




130.2 


March 


90.5 


113.2 


88.0 


30.1 


34.2 


61.6 








128.6 


April 


76.5 


102.1 


74.3 




31.5 


49.9 








118.2 



64 



City Document No. 79. 



Average Monthly and Yearly Heights, in feet and decimals, of the Reservoirs 
above ^^ tide-marsh level," 1867-78. 

BROOKLINE. 
Maximum high-water line, 124.60. 



Month. 


1867. 


1868. 


1869. 


1870. 


1871. 


1872. 


1873.1 


1874. 


1875. 


1876. 


1877. 


1878, 


January . . 


122.00 


123.29 


122.58 


122.83 


121.89 


118.64 


120.46 


121.06 


121.41 


122.09 


118.16 


121.03 


February . 


123.12 


122.79 


122.64 


122.60 


122.54 


120.48 


119.86 


119.52 


120.17 


121.86 


118.16 


121.31 


March . . . 


123.05 


122.33 


122.48 


122.77 


122.08 


122.04 


119.71 


119.27 


118.96 


122.24 


121.12 


122.53 


April . . . 


123.00 


123.04 


122.60 


122.56 


122.00 


122.10 


121.36 


119.59 


121.45 


123.48 


122.97 


122.59 


May .... 


123.07 


123.04 


122.77 


122.75 


121.79 


122.29 


121.84 


121.70 


122.84 


123.08 


122.72 


122.59 


June . . . 


122.34 


122.77 


121.85 


122.64 


121.98 


122.25 


120.90 


121.83 


122.82 


122.24 


121.43 


121.56 


July .... 


122.98 


122.77 


122.10 


122.50 


122.19 


121.25 


118.79 


121.08 


121.64 


121.88 


120.68 


121.65 


August . . 


122.23 


122.75 


122.19 


122.23 


122.06 


122.14 


118.48 


120.50 


121.69 


122.22 


120.49 


121.76 


September . 


122.52 


122.12 


122.50 


122.35 


121.50 


123.44 


119.04 


118.65 


122.45 


122.05 


119.80 


118.69 


October . . 


122.65 


122.31 


122.58 


122.64 


119.54 


122.96 


119.09 


117.60 


122.81 


122.41 


119.78 


122.38 


November . 


122.89 


122.56 


122.46 


122.60 


116.94 


120.98 


119.69 


118.43 


123.03 


122.70 


121.78 


123.15 


December . 


122.37 


122.00 


122.92 


122.50 


117.71 


121.06 


119.71 


120.17 


121.38 


121.09 


122.48 


122.82 


Yearly 
average. ( 


122.69 


122.65 


122.48 


122.58 


121.02 


121.63 


119.91 


119.96 


121.72 


122.28 


120.80 


121.84 



1 New gauge put in, with a zero point .08 of a foot higher than that of the old gauge. 



CHESTNUT HILL. 
Maximum high-water line, 125.00. 



Month. 


1870. 


1871. 


1872. 


1873.1 


1874. 


1875. 


1876. 


1877. 


1878. 


January . 














102.00 


116.90 


120.76 


121.32 


121.79 


122.86 


119.99 


121.66 


February 














102.81 


120.46 


120.26 


120.19 


120.86 


122.97 


119.79 


121.99 ■ 


March . . 














105.19 


122.29 


120.11 


119.95 


119.90 


123.14 


121.61 


122.91 


April . . 














110.48 


122.52 


121.55 


120.16 


121.80 


123.73 


123.26 


122.95 


May . . . 














116.21 


122.54 


122.03 


121.93 


123.11 


123.42 


123.05 


122.96 


June . . . 














121.46 


122.35 


121.24 


122.11 


123.19 


122.70 


122.04 


122.08 


July . . . 














122.40 


121.77 


119.65 


121.50 


122.13 


122.26 


121.19 


122.18 


August . 














122.02 


122.15 


119.32 


121.00 


122.03 


122.58 


121.05 


122.41 


September 














121.44 


122.77 


119.74 


119.75 


122.70 


122.41 


120.55 


121.91 


October . 














119.67 


122.08 


119.70 


119.15 


123.09 


122.72 


120.82 


122.85 


November 






100.80 


117.08 


122.42 


120.21 


119.32 


123.24 


123.07 


122.11 


123.56 


December 






101.29 


115.35 


121.40 


120.21 


120.61 


122.95 


121.78 


122.78 


123.26 


Yearly average . 


101.04 


114.67 


121.64 


120.40 


120.58 


122.23 


122.80 


121.52 


122.56 



1 New gauge put in, with a zero point .18 of a foot higher than that of the old gauge. 



EePORT of the \yATER BOAED. 



65 



Parker- Kill Reservoir. 
Maximum High-water Line, 219.00. 



Month. 


1875. 


1876. 


1877. 


1878. 


Januar 

Februai 

March 

April 

May . 

June . 

July . 

August 

Septem 

October 

Novemt 

Deoemb 


y 

ei 
ei 


r 

r 














217.81 
216.00 
218.00 
217.96 
217.96 
214.67 
214.71 
216.25 
216.19 
216.29 
216.29 
215.79 


216.29 
215.96 
216.69 
216.42 
216.58 
216.75 
217.02 
216.68 
216.62 
215.69 
216.12 
215.83 


216.49 
215.15 
215.76 
216.34 
216.11 
216.77 
216.81 
215.53 
215.61 
216.62 
216.46 
217.20 


217.58 
217.32 
216.80 
217.00 
217.13 
217.68 
218.07 
217.61 
217.52 
217.34 
216.88 
217.36 


Yearly average 






216.50 


216.88 


216.24 


217.36 



66 



City Document No. 79. 



t^ 






v. 



O to CO "^ iO 

rH CD O O i-H 

w c-i (N c^ c-i 



CO CD CO CO 



05 0> 00 Oi 



OJ 00 CO o> 



cq c^ CO CO 

lO Ol 00 CO 



u^ CO IM CO 



rH CO CO <M IM i-H 



1-H CO (M 



C<1 C5 CO lO 



T-H "M cq CO CO CO c<i 



(N 00 to 



w w cq CO CO C>1 



en rH CO c^ c^ c^ 
i-< oo CO rH O I-; 

CO (N CO CO CO 04 



C^dCOCOCOCOC^^ 



CO iH t- 

*o cq t- 

O r-H rH 



Ol UO CD Cl 
(M t- Ol CI 



CCCOCOC>l»-H»-«i-ir-l<M 



3 


-* 


»o 


§ 


Tf 
^ 


§ 


(M 


t- 


o 

o 


o 
I-l 


CO 
O 


in 


« 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


I-' 


tH 


<M 


rH 


S 


o 



1— C<I C^ 1-" 



rH CC CO CJ 



rjt CO (M 



1^1 CO CD Oi 



O CO CO tM 



CD CO OO C^ 



01 rH CO cn 



cocoi-e^c^cooicq 

cococoi--iraoo'<*Tt 



o o 


CJ 


oi 


o 


rH 


S 


;^ 


O 


cd 


a^ 


o.- 


s s 


CD 


g 


o 


^ 


-4< 


o 


C^ 


o 


to 


o 


» o 


o 


■M 


s 


IM 


;::j 


rH 


S 


in 


r-* 


::; 



f^ a <i a 



Ol 01 00 OJ 



O IZi ft 



eo 
00 


eo 

CO 


00 


o 


O) 


o 




00 


CO 


CO 

•* 


Ol 


<M 


8 


IM 


.1 


IM 


CO 


■* 


-^ 


« 


C-l 


00 


CO 


CI 


eo 


-* 


CO 


1-1 


^~' 


*"* 


*"* 


^ 


'"^ 


'"' 


^ 


""^ 


'"' 


'"' 


'"^ 


""* 



— tr 



Report of the Water Board. 






o 





o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 






o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


00 


«D 






CO 


" 


cO_ 


CO 


to 












cT 


00 


oT 


o<r 


co^ 


o 


o 


csT 


s 


o" 


o" 


ejo" 


iC^ 


r«- 




-* 








CO 


OI 






o 


o 


a> 


o 


00 


tM 




o 


to 


o_ 


CO 


to 


to 


•^ 




o>_ 


OI_ 


0^ 






























tH 


tsT 


M 




cT 


Oj" 


m" 


icT 


^ 




T* 




of 


CO 




(N 


C^ 


CI 


(M 


<N 


oq 


OI 


o< 


OI 




o> 


CM 


OI 




t^ 


o 


o 


o 


Q 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 






o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


CO 


o 




o 


o 










00_ 


CO 


-d^ 


^ 










en 




(^ 


^ 


to" 


oo 


o" 


ef 


a 


od" 


c^r 


ocT 


J[^ 


in" 


cf 


CN 




^. 




01 








C31 


Oi 




CO 




00 


r-l 


o_ 


0-. 




r-i 


t-^ 


t— 


Tl* 




o_ 




to 


1— 1 


in 


<^^ 


oT 


oo" 


d^ 


o" 


o" 


co" 


T_r 


en 


Ci 


CO 


eo 




IM 


(M 




rH 




Ol 


CM 


« 


OI 




y-A 


OI 






O 


O 


"~o 


o 


^ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




O 




o 


o 




o 


CO 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




(N^ 


01 


lO 






CO 




CJJ 


oo 


cO_ 




eO_ 
































O^ 






o 




oT 


o 


CO 


o 


TiT 


CO 


CO 








CO 


o 






CM 




CO 


rH 


OI 






00 




to 




CO 




00 


c» 


CO 


^ 




o 




OI 


T-t 






























e^" 


o 






oT 


o" 




(tT 


en 




CO 


o 




C^ 


IM 


(M 


'"I 


T-H 




OI 


(M 






^ 


OI 


OI 




o 


(3 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


~~o~ 


o 


""co" 


o 


o 


o 




o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 










o 


»o 


•^ 


^ 


OI 


Ti- 






lO 




«5 




























00 




oo 


of 


■^ 




to" 






o 










05 






CO 


Ol 


en 




en 








to 


00 


o 


°i 












CO 


'*■ 


^ 


CO 






rH 




























oo" 


cT 


t- 






Oi 


o 


cjT 


co" 


en" 






en 






(M 




"-" 


'"' 










rH 


rH 


OI 






o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 




o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 




CO 












OI_ 


c» 




c» 




en 


Oi 
































CO 








a> 


to" 




OI 


CO 


en 




TtT 


lO 


o 






CO 


CO 




Ol 


CM 


OI 


r-i 


CO 




00 






to 


°i. 


t- 


"^ 


CO 




o 


CO 


CO 


Tin 


o_ 


T-1 






























CI 








oT 




o 


o 


o> 


Tie 


to 


00 




T-l 




'-' 


rH 


^ 




o> 


(M 


OI 












o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


"~o~" 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 




o 


o 


o 


o 






o 


















■^ 


rH^ 




CO 




























Oi 




CO 






o" 




^ 


OI 




CO 




(M 


oj 








CO 


o 




t- 








-* 


00 




'i' 


cn_ 


t- 


to 




CS 


^ 


*^ 


r-^ 


to^ 


t-^ 


"^ 


1-H 


J^ 


Qo" 


lo" 


■d^^ 


t-T 


co" 


CO 


ctT 


m 


t-T 


to 


lO 


t-^ 




•-^ 


rH 






'"' 








7-< 


'"' 










o 


o~ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 






O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


CO 






o 


o 


o 


o 




OS 


O 




o_ 


to 


to 




°i. 


to 


QO_ 






^ 
































(n" 






CO 










^ 




CO 


CO 


o 














r-i 


t- 


-^ 




to 




00 


c<» 


T-H 


t-_^ 


M 


oo 


to 


". 


o_ 


o. 




ira 


Ol^ 


o 


T-1 


c^ 


o" 


in" 


of 


CO 


tiT 


to" 


o" 


»r3^ 


o" 


t-T 


t-^ 


o" 




1"" 




'"' 






*"* 


'"' 


'"' 


'"' 


T-i 


'"' 


rH 


r-l 




^ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 




o 




o 






o 


CD 


o 


o 




o^ 


o_ 


o^ 


o 


o^ 




o 






o 


o 


CO 


in 


r>. 




























o^ 


cT 




■* 






CO 


OJ 


CN 


to 


Tje 


-*" 


•a 




t' 


to 








'ttc 




I-l 






to 


Ttl 


00 




o 






0|_ 


to 




o^ 










°i. 


Tl 




























T-H 


s 


o 


1-t 


of 


■o 


s 


to 


to 


CO 


CO 
rH 


IN 


CO 
r-l 




o 


Q 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o^ 


CO 


o 


o^ 


o_ 


cq_ 




o^ 


o_ 




o 






























of 


to 


CO 


a> 


i 


of 










Tie" 




c^ 


in 


^ 


o 


>t5 




o 




OI 






o 


00 




o 


to_ 








CO 






o 




CO 


CO 


r-i 




























cq 


^ 


■*" 


^ 


CO 




to 




<o 


to 


Tie 


TlT 














r-( 


'-' 




rH 


I-H 


rH 






'-' 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 








o^ 


o^ 


t= 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


o 


CO 


CO 


o_ 


■* 


to 




























"xT 




a^ 


cT 
















o" 


CO 


(N 


CO 


OD 


o 


o 










o> 


o 


Til 


t- 1 


00 


'^ 








o 


OI 




to 


t- 


o 






o 


T-1 




























lO 


•^ 




'^ 


f3 

rH 


-* 


s 


^ 


s 


Tte 


s 


s 


r-i 




o 


o 


o 


o 


^ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


l_ 




o 


o 


o 


CO 




o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


CO 




o_ 


c^ 


o 


o_ 




CO 


o 


o 


o_ 


o 


o_ 


o 




00 




























of 




(>f 




to 




to 


C3r 


of 


TfT 




CO 




Oi 






CO 
















o 


to 


00 


o^ 


cn_ 




to_ 




CO 


CO 


^ 


CO 


°i. 


"i. 


to__ 


































S 


CO 


of 


CO 


-* 


•* 


Til 


s 


Tl-" 


co" 

r-t 


icf 


Tjl 




. o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


o 


c 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 




O 




o 


o 


o 


o 






o 




o 


o 


o 


CO 


O^ 


o 


CO 


co^ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


^ 


^ 


o 


o' 


,_," 


its' 


o" 


to" 


to 


oo" 


J^ 


Tjl" 


in" 




CO 






o 






■^ 






o 


CO 


to 


00 




00 






C0_ 


to 


H 










Til 




r-l 




























CO 


CO 


co' 




of" 


CO 


-di" 


"^ 


CO 


CO 


OI 




CO 








rH 


r~t 








r-i 






r-l 


1-1 






o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


<^ 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


to 

CO 


o 


o_ 


o 


CO 


o_ 


o 


o 


CO^ 


o_ 


CO_ 


o 


o 


o 


o" 


uo" 


•^ 


r-f 


to" 


oo" 


cz" 


^ 


(tT 


to" 


■^l" 


e^f 


c^ 








>o 






to 


Tf 


•^ 


05 






OI 


00 


CO 


CO 


CJ 


OJ^ 


co_ 


Ot3_ 


to_^ 


^ 




co_ 


^ 


■^ 


0)_ 


TH 




























-^ 


CO 




^ 


^ 


T-H 


T-H 


of 


T-1 


of 


r-f 


r-n" 
r-i 


of 

r-i 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 




o 


o_ 


o 


o 


CO 


o 


CO 


o 


o 


o 


CO 


o 


CO 


cf 


co" 


t-T 


*^ 


CO 


^ 


t-^ 


to" 


TlT 


co" 


co" 


1^ 


of 






CN 






C35 


o 


(M 


<N 




o 




to 


00 


•* 


CO 


o_ 


°i. 


to 


co^ 


OI_ 


-* 


to 


c5 




00 




r-( 




























CO 


CO 


of 


rH 


CO 


r^" 


, CO 


CO 


of 


r-T 


^ 


o" 

r-l 


o« 

rH 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


00 


o 


o 


o 




co^ 


o_ 


CO 


to^ 


o 


CO 


CO 


o^ 


o_ 


-rf 


to 




to 


•^ 


o" 


c^f 






c»" 












^ 


o 




CO 






C31 




t- 


Ttl 


00 


oi 






>o 












is 


o 






tH 






























r-( 


00 


T~< 


to 

rH 


^ 


^ 


s 


to 


to 


s 


Tt" 


-* 


to 
1> tl 

« 1 

> ^ 


O 


»-5 


3 


J3 


<1 


S" 

a 


a) 

a 

1^ 


"a 


5b 


a 


o 

o 


u 

i 


s 



68 



City Document No. 79. 



^1 





!S 


c 


^ 


s 


^ 


"^ 




K'TS 


e 


^U 



SCO 



S 



«. 



►^ 


G 


"fe^ 




'T' 


V> 












a 




"i 




^ 


■i: 


lU 




CJ. 


s 


cs 



r^ 






ft^-^ 



■S — 1-^ 



-5 -w 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 




^ 


^ 


^ 


^ 


^.i 


= C 




a 


a 


a 


a 


a 






c 


□ 


n 


a 


J 0) 


o 


o 


0) 


a 


<a 


a> 


o 


a 




o 






J o 


o 






o 




o 








o 


t> 






u 


>^ 


i4 


f_, 


h 


u 


i-i 


u 














. Ph 






P4 


P, 


P> 


a 


p< 


a) 


ft 


p. 



1/3 CO lO Oi 




rH rH C^ 



(M CC (N lO 



i-H <N CN O 



CO t^ ■** C^ C^ CO^ CO tN^ 
COrHC^dC^i-Ji-HrH 



lO lO CO •* 



u-i lO <N to 



cotocoiaaaiOiM^ 



lO CO 00 



«D <N to CO 



o 






^ 






o 


^ 




o 


o 




o 


(-, 




o 


Q 




ill o 


















o 






o 






o 






ciJ3 


CO 










o_ 


O^ 




o_ 


o_ 




o 


o_ 




o 






O S Z) 






































o 






o" 


o" 




cT 


o" 




o 


o 




ef 






fS 




s 






in 


to 




"^ 


^- 




o 


o 






^ 








































1 




c^ 






oo" 


cf 




K> 


^ 




CO 


C-1 




CO 


CO 






eo 






o> 


M 






!>. 




o 


o 




m 


•* 


















(M 






co__ 












g-s 




































11 




m 


o 


o 






^ 


o 


^ 


o 


to 


o 


o 


o 


-f 


o 


o 






o 


(N 








o 


g 


o 


CO 


o 




o 




o 


o 


s^^ 




CO 


o^ 


b 








o 


o 


00 


o 


CJ_ 




CO 


o_ 


o_ 




































s^ 


1 


oT 




CO 






o 


Its' 




00 


■^ 








o 


in" 


to" 






CO 






o> 


>o 




o 


l« 




■* 


la 






to 


<a^ 


CD 


CO 


OT 








CD 


co^ 




to 


c^ 




o_ 


*^ 


in 


IM 


— 3 a 


1 


-* 


s 








o" 








CO 


c^ 


ef 






CO 


CO 


05 


o 








(N 




o 




CJ 


OJ 








^. 


O 


c^ 








M 




eo 




o_ 


CO^ 


o^ 


•^ 


co_ 


^ 




cd* 


CD* 


t;^ 






o" 


to 


ci 


tc 


o" 


CO 


of 


t-T 


co" 


■>» 


t>r 


c-i o 














r-1 








'"' 


















o 


o 


o 


Ph 




O 


o 


o 




CD 


^ 


o 


o 


•* 




o 






o 


c^ 


O 


o 


o 










o 


t- 




o 




CO 


iTi 


o 


OJ 


o 


O^ 


o_ 


o 




°i. 


o_ 


T* 


o^ 


cO_ 




<o^ 


o tH q 




to 




co" 


^ 


^ 


o 


o" 


o 


d 




o 


to 


to" 


o" 


6 




CO 




CO 






o 


o 


o 


3 




o 


CJJ 






a 


■* 


o 


to" 




c3 


C3 




CO 


o 


o 


^ 




to 


s 


S" 


o 


o 


<^^ 


o 


CO 


■^ 


O 


o 


o 


°i. 


t^ 




CO 




eq' 


CO 


CD 






"sii 






o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 






o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 




o 




o 


o 


o 


o 




OO 


CO 






"^ 




o 


o_ 


o^ 


o^ 


OJ_ 


o 






o 


CO 


o 


||a 






oT 


cT 


Oi 


t-^ 


cT 








iS 


o" 


o^f 


co" 


o 


in 


lO 


s 


-^ 


CO 






00 


o 


>o 




o 


CJ 


o 




o 






?i 


o 


a 


Cl 






CJ 


tH 






CJ^ 


o 


o 


co_ 


s. 








































1 


-^ 




•H^ 


to 


o- 


^ 


oT 




o 


oT 






lO 




CO 






i-i 






o 




o 


o 








o 




CO 


in 


05 


T-H 


CD 




■^ 






00 


« 


CO 


o 


OJ_ 




CO 


- ''t 


o>_ 




ci 


CO 


CO 


«- 


■* 


•* 


■* 


^■■ 


CD 


ID 


to 


in 


CO 


■*" 


■* 


tjT 


s 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


"« t! S . 




o 


o 


o 


C3 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 






o 


o 


o 


o_ 


o_ 


o_ 


o_ 


o_ 


o 


o^ 


o_ 


o_ 


o 


CO 


o_ 


CO 










oT 




cf 


of 


cf 




c-o" 


o" 


to 


to 


to 


in 


in 




o 




CD 


1— I 


Ci 






o 




o 












o> 


c^ 


u^ 


"^ 






o 


cq 


to_ 


•^ 


co_ 


00 


o 


^ 


'^i 


■* 


«-;_ 


"S c °3 




cT 


ccT 




-* 


^ 




Ol 














c^ 


o 


:£ 








CO 


O) 




•^ 






<M 




CO 




o 




OJ 


<3J 


mou 

fallo 

Bhed 

Coc 


lO 


co^ 


1-1 






o" 




S" 


^. 


vn" 


eo_ 


5" 


o 


CO 




^ 






I-H 












I-H 


1-1 


'"' 


^ 


c^ 


rH 


■^ 


c^ 


r^ 


< 








































































S 


'i 


CO 


CO 


s 


to 


o 


o 


o 


o 


1 




CJ 

to 


^ 


o 

CO 


to 


?? 


(M 


.2 






CO 


^ 


o 


CO 




oi 






Oj' 


CJ 




OJ 




CCJ 


'3 


^ 


Ti^ 


lO 


^ 


-* 






■^ 


o 


•* 


■* 


CO 




■* 


to 








^ 


CO 


■^ 










CJ 


o 


_ 


(M 


CO 


"S: 


U5 


to 


^ 


C5 
















u^ 






CD 


to 


CD 


CD 


CD 


s 


s 




CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


00 




oo 


yo 


oo 






CO 


CO 


CO 


00 


;S 




""^ 


*"* 


*"* 


"^ 


r-i 


"* 


"^ 






r-i 




rH 











Eeport of the Water Board. 



69 

























^ 
























p 


c 


fi 


c 


n 


a 


a 


c 


c 


n 


C! 


a 




a) 






(U 


i> 




a) 


Q) 


o 


a) 


a> 


o 




o 


CJ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 


CJ 


o 


o 


r-, 


u 


?H 


1h 




u 


;-, 


^ 










a 


a> 




o 


OJ 


a 


o 


<u 


a> 


a; 


0) 




ft 


fu 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


ft 


o 


o 


to 


t^ 


CO 


o 


o 


^ 


C3> 


o 


CO 


o> 


■^ 


»« 


CO 


^ 


CO 


CO 




u5 




^ 


>o 


■* 


o 


^ 


o 


o 


o 


^ 


^ 


o 


o 


o 


o 




<o 




o 




r-l 






CO 


(N 


o 


o 








05 


^ 


to 


t-^ 








































t- 


CO 




to' 


00 


o 


o 




I-H 


CO 




fa 






(N 




IM 


■* 








to 






00 


-^ 


to_ 


-* 


-* 


o 




in 


00 


to^ 


o 
























(M 


cT 




n 








o 


t-^ 


o 




o 


cq 




(N 




r~i 


(M 


^ 


rH 




cq 


cq 


oo" 

o 






































































o 


o 


o 


O 


o 


O 


O 


o 


O 


o 


o 


o 


(M 


o 


o 


o 


o 




O 


o 


o 


o 




o 




o 


o 


o 


o 




m 


to_ 




o 


00 






























cT 


CO 


to 




O 






o 




1 




3 

a; 


t- 


o 


C71 








o 


-:(< 




to 


>o 


(M_^ 


to_ 


lO 


^ 






o 


o 




cq^ 
























oT 


cT 


o" 


c^ 




^ 


cq 


cT 




to 








C-l 


S 




-* 




o 


to 




m 


CO 




c^ 


to 




en 




°l 


'^ 




-* 


lO 


to 


(N 


cc 




00 


^ 






to 


Itf 


tcT 






a; 




























o 






o 


o 


















o 




o 


o 


















o^ 




o_ 


o^ 










^H 






























co" 




of 




















CO 




CO 












ca 






o_ 


cn_ 






t-;. 










^ 








cT 




irT 
















CO 


















<D 
J4 








c^ 




lO 


CO 














'"' 








'" 










cj 


o 


o 






^ 






o 


o 


o 


o 


o 














o 


o 




o 


O 


o 














o 


<3 




<= 


"O 


























(M 












in 












00 












00 










CO 








o 














't>a 
























CD 


o 






CO 








CO 




o 




'il 


CO 






-r 








^ 






>M 


m 


■^ 












? 




CO 


<M 


■a 
1 
























o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


(^ 


o 


o 


o 


o 


O 




o 


o 


o 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 






o 


o_ 


o 


c^^ 


o>_ 


to 


o 


o_ 
































m 






a 




CO 


-tH 


o 


oT 




S3 


>■ 


Ol 


(M 




o 




o 


!N 






to 




< 




CO 












cn_ 


T* 






























CO 


(^ 






o 


Oi 
















CO 


Ol 


(M 


t- 


oq 


to 


Ol 










°l 


I-H 








^« 


t--^ 


o 


00 


r-* 


o_ 




•^ 


'^ 




.O 


o 


oT 


"^ 


"^ 


00 


an 


^ 





d ;::3 - - '- 



o o o o o 
o o o o o 



C3 o o o o 

to 00 CO CO CO 

b- lO d as CO 

(N^o'co't-^OO" 

t- t^ t- b- 1— 

OO 00 GO 00 00 



M Q 



n |t3 i' ' " ' 
o g o 2 

^ p d q 
o 5i^<1 



























Q 






















































o o 












CO 














•* o 


^ 






t~ 


y-^ 


a> 


CO 


00 


in 


1-, 






























to o 


CI 


o 







CO 









ao^ 








Ir- O 


S 


I2; 


^ 


^ 




!zi 


rH 


^ 






























































(N T-1 


tjl 






cq 


^ 




^ 






• 


(M 


1 
g 











































































£ 


C3 


s 
























c3 












































































































































































































^ in 


■* 


CJ 


t— 


in 


to 










■2 


^ 


w 


lO o 


lO 


»o 


m 


to 


to 


S" 


S" 


t- 


S" 


a) 


; 
























" 


o o 


o 


(-, 





























g 






















































































































■d 










CO 


CO 


-* 


OJ 





an 










a o» 


C/D 


in 


ira 






CO 


T-H 


CO 


,-H 


60 

C3 








































































































rH (N 




















< 







CO CO 01 o 



^ to o -^ 



00 00 C/> CO 



70 



City Document No. Id, 



Table showing the Depths of Water in the Conduit at Gate-House, Lake 
Gochituate, the Number of Days it was running at those depths, and the 
Average Depth for each month. 



18T8. 


t? 








^ 

a 






< 


m 


O 


> 


P 


Total 
Days. 


O'-O" 












1 
1 

28 


31 


31 


30 


• • 
31 


1 

29 


30 
1 


1 


5-11" 

6' 8" 




1 








1 
1 


7-0" 

T'-l" 

7' 2" 




30 

1 
1 


T'-6" 

S'-O" 

8'-6" 


15 

12 
4 


15 
12 


31 


30 


31 


15 
299 
16 

365 



Average Monthly Depths. 





























!>,aj 






























18T8. 


1-5 


,Q 


u 


& 


C3 


1-3 


3 
1-5 


SB 

P 


a 


■g 


> 
o 




S« 




|i( 


% 


<1 


a 


<1^, 


IE 


O 


Izi 


fi 


|H<^ 




7'.93" 


8'-2" 


8'-0" 


8'-0" 


8'-0" 


7 '-81" 


8'-0" 


8'-0" 


8'-0" 


8'-0" 


7'-iir' 


7'-0" 


7'-10^" 





Keport of the Water Board, 



71 



Observations at 3Iystic Lake and Reservoir. 









Height of "Water 

in Lalie above 

tide-marsh level. 

Feet. 


Height of Water 
in Reservoir above tide- 
marsh level. 
Feet. 


Average Daily Consumption. 
Gallons. 




50 
00 


00 

1-1 


00 

r«. 

00 

T-1 


00 


In. 

00 


00 

t>. 

00 
»-4 


o 

IN. 

00 

1-1 


i^ 

00 


00 

i^ 

00 


Jan. . 
Feb. . 
Mar. . 
April 
May . 
June 
July . 
Aug.. 
Sept. . 
Oct. . 
Nov. . 
Deo. , • 






6.71 
6.60 
6.56 
6.00 
6.51 
5.87 
8.71 
4.57 
2.54 
1.45 
3.69 
6.22 


6.40 
6.54 
6.35 
6.24 
6.29 
6.09 
5.03 
3.64 
2.48 
3.01 
6.02 
6.26 


5.94 
5.65 
5.51 
6.04 
6.31 
6.24 
4.89 
5.41 
5.22 
3.97 
5.17 
5.97 


148.35 
146 11 
146.33 
146.22 
146.38 
146.17 
146.51 
146.30 
146.43 
146.50 
146.41 
145.97 


146.34 
146.38 
146.41 
146.30 
146.32 
146.05 
146.33 
146.52 
146.20 
146.58 
146.56 
146.64 


146.39 
146.49 
146.45 
146.39 
146.36 
146.23 
146.12 
146.32 
145.36 

146.53 


9,896,737 
10,601,013 
9,396,910 
7,568,052 
7,610,317 
8,560,937 
9,152,492 
8,600,788 
8,619,557 
8,081,052 
7,153,629 
10,673,036 


11,859,854 
9,982,621 
8,578,935 
7,200,533 
7,250,492 
8,190,530 
8,371,295 
8,121,402 
8,242,180 
8,780,799 
7,396,879 
7,732,921 


10,325,705 
9,944,140 
8,192,825 
7,365,951 
7,717,476 
8,383,667 
9,087,658 
8,751,038 
8,767,490 
7,900,000 
7,525,957 
8,227,314 


Averages, 


5.04 


5.38 


5.53 


146.31 


146,39 




8,825,808 


8,386,257 


8,515,768 



High water in the lake is 7.00 feet above tide-marsh level. 

" " reservoir is 147.00 feet above tide-marsh level. 

Bottom of conduit at lake is 4.17 feet below tide-marsh level. 
Reservoir emptied in October and November, 1878, for inspection and cleaning. 



72 



City Document No. 79. 





1 




f< 








o 


io 




(M 


-eb- 




f^ 


*) 




« 


w 


^ 


^ 


•wS 


1 


t^ 


•^ 




s 




Oi 


s» 


K 


lU 






« 
S- 


1 






">.a 




w 




s 


CO 


'^ 


00 




M 


s 

s 


o 


o 


i^O 


^ 


f^ 


^ 


«^ 


-^ 


M 






^4» 


r* 


« 


>^ 


H 


■u 




f^ 












> 


^.'^ 




•^ 


•S^ 






«5l 


V 


« 






r* 


S 



'S.'^ 


.8 




ft^ 




^ 






»J 


s 


■J=i 


» 


« 


o 


^ 


<** 










>a 




ff 


^^ 


tJ 


S 





ffl ,-. 












1 




^S-g-S 


s 










O) rf CJ " 


CD d 


r* to 


« 


CO 1-5 


. 






■* >o 


^ 5r 


Ph o •" 










1 


m • '^ 










1 


Sj-S §. 6 




o o 


o o 


|«g-^ 


00 


o o 


o o 


8 


v-*^ *-^ 




C3^ j,^ 


>2 


;3 g| 


0_ rH 




<2s 


to go" 




e^ CT 


CO (M 


1-2 




o o 


O O 




o o 


O O 


|a.9 . 




O^ OS 


cn o 


90 


of to 


t-T CO* 




s 


0> 00 




o 


c< -r 


rH Oi 














-,t~ eo 


O CO 


^ K -^1-5 


B 


<o o 


■^ CO 




Ci 


U3 eo_ 


o CO^ 


O o o 




oT o 


cf o' 


H " 






1-1 


r-t r-( 


s> 










1 . 


^ o 




o o 


O 




CJ J3 


«o 


o o 


o 






8 


o •* 








00 O) 


t- 




8 


>o cq^ 


CD 






03 


■^f to 

CO I-H 


§ 




h 










[ 




<D 






. 








M V 














U^ 


«0 




" 










e 

-a 




• 








S 3 


Qs 












c'S 




o 


o 


O 


o 




o 


o 


o 


o 


3 9 




o 


CO 




o 


S--^ 


« 


to 


CO 


c 




g ts S 


g 


t- 






CO 




o 








00 


■*^ 9 § 




O! 


oT 


00 


(yT 


IS^ 


8 


o 


?-( 


CO 


CO 


tS 




CO 


o 


CD 


o a 




o 


o* 


e; 


cT 


E^§ 








rH 




T3 




g 


o 

s 


O 

s 


1 


8 

i2 




if 


o>' 


1 




1 


§ 




j2 




CO 


1 


00 


^- 






o 

o 


i 


o 

o 


o 
o 




c^ 

o 


o 




g" 




rH 


»o 


cc 


o 


||2 












1 


§ 


oT 

CO 

o 


CO 


00 


^^•« 




CO 


c^ 


CO 


CO 


. O 




^ 


o 


o 


o 


,; 


1 


oT 


g 


CO 
co" 


mount of 

aU ou W 

had of M 

Lake 




o 




1 


OO 


Q! 


°l 




N 


■^ 




T-T 


o 


^ 


cf 




IM 


cq 


eq 


<1-" 1 












i 

a 


=; 


O 

o 


at 


in 


o 




■* 


o 
3 


q 


^ 


1 


1 






















w 


U 












bs 


c! 












ta 


<U 












^ 


h 












> 


• 




<o 


t^ 


00 


■< 




















OO 


OO 








T-* 










1 1 



Eepoet or THE Water Board. 



73 



Tahle showing Rainfall at Lake Cochituate for the year 1878. 



1878. 


a 

C3 
>-5 








^ 
S 


o 
a 

3 


3 


3 
Ml 

< 


o 
.a 

a 

ft 


u 

a 
,o 
o 

O 


a 
> 

o 


-a 

a 

0) 


1 . . . . 

2 . . . . 




2.50 












1.12 


.04 






1.05 


3 . . . . 
4. . , . 

5 . . . . 


.02 
.73 




.65 




.03 






.44 








.36 


6 . . . . 
















2.00 


.49 
.04 








7. . . . 
8 . . . . 






.02 


.47 










9 . . . . 


1.94 


.47 
.37 


.12 
1.34 

.06 
.02 


.52 




.92 

.22 
.02 
.20 


1.44 
.14 

.04 


2.00 
.04 
.17 


.21 
.10 


.25 
2.48 






10 ... . 
11. . . . 
12 ... . 


.10 


248 


13 ... . 


1.16 








14. . . . 
15 ... . 








16 ... . 
















60 








23 


17 ... . 












.22 


.02 












18 ... . 




.19 


1.52 






.08 






2.90 




19 ... . 






20. . . . 
21 ... . 

22. . . . 

23. . . . 

24 ... . 


.58 
.06 


2.40 


.12 


.04 
.35 


.07 


1.53 


.52 


.04 




1.92 


.26 
1.44 


.98 


25 ... . 

26 ... . 

27 ... . 


.83 
.45 




.02 




.05 


.05 
.12 


.17 


.45 


.24 




.04 




28 ... . 








1.35 


02 


29. . . . 
30 ... . 






.33 


4.25 


.03 














31 ... . 










.65 




1.14 






.50 






Totals . 


5.77 


5.93 


4.20 


5.63 


.83 


3.33 


3.47 


6.94 


1.12 


5.15 


6.09 


5.12 



Total for the year 53.58 iDches. 



74 



City Document No. 79. 



Table showing Rainfall at Mystic Lake for the year 1S7S. 



ISTS. 


•-5 






'u 

p. 








< 


s 

-2 
p. 

a 

m 


u 

a 
,Q 
o 

o 

O 


a 

o 


u 
.a 

s 

3 
a 
a 
O 


1 . . . . 




2.18 












.04 






. . . 




2 . . . . 
















.11 
.36 


1.51 






.87 


3. . . . 






.60 
















4 . . . . 


.70 














.41 


.21 






.19 


5 








.18 


.03 












6 . . . . 












2.75 










7 . . . . 






.03 


.32 








.17 
1.02 


.11 




.01 




8. . . . 








.71 






9 . . . . 




.37 








.22 


.28 


1.74 




.35 




.67 


10 ... . 




.45 










.58 










1.64 


H . . . . 


1.83 












.14 


.02 


.18 




.08 




12 ... . 


.10 










.38 


.14 




.70 


2.18 






13. . . . 






1.31 






.04 






.04 




.01 


. . . 


14. . . . 


.93 












.06 












15 . .S . 
























.21 


16 . . . . 


























17 ... . 




.28 








.29 


.05 


.34 






.65 


. . . 


18. . . . 






1.59 








. . . 


.01 






1.86 




19 


























20 ... . 










.07 












.25 


. . . 


21 ... . 


.59 








.01 


. . . 


1.04 










1.05 


22 ... , 




2.44 








92 




.05 






1.48 




23 ... . 


.10 






.44 




.03 








1.67 




. . . 


24. . . . 






.08 






.08 


. . . 








.01 




25 ... . 


. . . 














.55 






.05 


. . . 


26 ... . 


1.01 






.57 


.11 








.37 








27 ... . 








.47 






.10 








1.07 




28 ... . 


.41 






.80 






.07 








.14 


. . . 


29 






.25 


.63 
1.63 


















30 ... . 










.19 






.53 




. . . 


31 ... . 










.47 




1.01 






.03 




• • • 


Totals . 


5.67 


5.72 


3.86 


5.69 


.69 


2.67 


3.66 


7.57 


3.12 


4.76 


5.61 


4.65 



Total for the year 53.67 inches. 



Repoet of the Water Board. 



75 



X- 


K 






ITS cr 


,- 




in 


M* 00 CO t- 


CO 


to Oi CT 


f^ 


1 '-'" 




iT 


c^ 


a: 


O T 


CO p (N 






tO to OO 


^ 


CD CX 


IT 


'^ i 


ci 




-* 


a 




ir 


OC 


in in 


Tt CO VI 


CO Tfl 


t* cr 


oo ir 


1 '~ 


o 






>r 








O iT 


iT 






tc 










to 


























o 


H 








































»^ 


t- (T 


^ 




Tji to m 


c 


(N -# .n 1- 


tH tr- (M tc 


CO 










c^ 








o 


O" 


CT 


p to 00 


C 


CT 


p t. 




Q> 




tc 


tc 


to 


tc 


to -vlH -^ 


-4 




to -rjJ Td^ 


in Tt 


in tc 


»o 


Q 








tc 




























1 




o- 


o- 


tc 


cr 


t- 


t- CT 


CO 


^ 


rH OJ T-H CO 


~^ 


<M ^ -^ 


J, 


> 


o 


f^ 


o- 


"* 


CT 


o; o 


o 






O to t- 


i- 


£>" 


i-i CT 


CD 


o 




tc 


t-^ t- 




to t^ to 


ZC 


to to' in lO 


in" to t-: oc 


CD 


''A 














































^ 




c 


CT 


CO 


•^ 




W to r-( 


CO CT 


o tc 


"^ 


■g 


o 






o 


to 


to (M 


o 


»r 


c^ 


p t-; p 

in -«d^ -^ 


T-j i- 

in IT 


T-H t- 




O 








t- 
































cq 


o 


-^ 


in 


xn 


^ 


c^ 


l_ 




CT 


^j. 


C-1 l- 


t- (>. 


IM t- 


^ 






o 


ir 


cc 




CJ 


>r 


to 


c- 


OO t- 1- 


-* 






CO 1 


Ol 


l-H 






'* 




J— 


(N 


l-i 


CN 


c 




cr 


(M 


CO (M 




er 


r^ 








*" 
































"* 




tc 


ir 


o 


c 


cr 


^ 




t- cr 


Ir- 00 


•* C 


o tc 


■^ 


bi) 


Ol 






c^ 




0- 


C 


CI 






t^ 




lO 


tH to ir 


tc 


CO 


P 




t^ 


L^ 


ir 


to 


tc 


ui d 


tc 


c 


d i- 


ot> 


t- to to t- 


tJ 


< 








'' 








'^ 




r-( rH 


















-f 


c 


ir 


u- 


CO -* lO 


(M Ol CC 


to m 


CTJ -^ CO a 


1 ^ 


3 


Td 




X 


M 


c- 


IT- CO l-H 










CO CO to ir 




fS 




<M 


C- 


(N 


c^" c« to' 


-^ 


IM <N C 


00 


CO -tt CO Tl 


CO 








(?- 


















CO 










1 






o- 


-t 


X 


« 


00 — o 


cc 


in - 


t— t- 


to CO to a 


to 


i 

3 


a 




c 


c 


ir 


CD <M cq 


cc 


o 1-1 to in 


in o o c- 


en 


eg 


ca 


^ 


■* 


0- 


0* 


IM 


IM 


(M 


co' co" o 


<M 


C4 (M cq c^ 


c<; 


►-5 








































« 


IM 


^^ 


^ 




.-1 G> Cq 


I-- CT 


O Oi oo 


to cr 


. 


^ 


1 ^ 


>i 




05 


o- 


OJ 


c 


c 


r- to 


oz 


ir 


cr 


tc c- 


to cyj p c 






o 


O 


c 


c 


C 


1-i d o 


c 


C3 C3 C3 d 


d d d r- 


o 










u'- 


O 


OO 


.r 


^ 


iT 


■* Cf 


CT> t- 


tc t- cr 


T) 


tH 


*? 


tc 


^ 




u" 


M 


I- 


CT 


T— 1 






to in 




oo r- 


o 


P4 






ut 


tc 




lO iT 


in 


u- 


CO CO IT 


O 


lO in lo tc 


to 


<1 






































rd 


o 


to 


o- 


u- 


O) 


„ 


CT 


^ 




in o to T-i 


~ 


Ol 1- r- 


o 




c~ 


Tt 






-* 


t-^ CT 


o 




CO cr 




CO 


O lO CO CT 




rt 


•^ 


"* 


T* 


05 


-* 


^ 


rt 


"* 


-^ 


Tit CO CO CO 


Tl." Tj! ir 


^ 


Tl" 


a 








-* 
































M 


to 


1/5 


c 


c 


^ 


tc 


CO 


a- 




c; 


rq 


o 


ir 




CO C 


CO 


^ 


c» 




O 


t-- 




ti CT 


p 


ir 






t- o 


t- ir 




Tt 


t^ 


(U 




■^ 






tc 


to tc 


■^ 


cc 




iri IT 




ir 


ir 


d Tt 




fR 










































to 




in 


o 


^ 


t- in 




or 


Cs 


t- in 


t- IN 




C 


o 


c" 




o 


C< 


g? 


in 


lO CT 
lO IT 


CO 
lO 


iT 


.^ Tj! in "^ 


f 


lO CO cc 
iri t-^ t- 


lO 


l-^ 








»n 


















m 




































































6 








































O 








































60 
















































































'E 




r" 




































3 




C 








































C 




































ts 




^ ^ 














^ '> 




















i- 


a 

03 

a 
o 


t* 


■5 "^ 


-- 


■• 








y- 


t- 








a 












c 

? 

< 

c 
p: 


> 

;- 

1 








o 




1- 

1 

5 


I 

tl- 

c 


IX 
c 


D 






c 


£ 

b 












o 


c 


-^ c 


1 


^ 


n 


_C 




1 


< tie 


s 




c 


. '^ 


■f 


c 
S 

1 






a 


a 
t 


C 
D h- 


s 




'3) 


r 




1 


t 


bo 
ci 

r *-" 




C 

c 

h- 


c 
1 
^ 


c 


c 


c 


E 
t 


1 


•r 

£ 

c 


1 
K 


% 

c 

h- 


> 




> 


C 
C 
c 

c 

1^ 


c 
c 

c 
p: 


c 

c 

c 


> 





WATEE EEGISTEAR'S EEPOET, 1879. 



Office of the Water Registear, 

City Hall, Boston, May 1, 1879. 
Hon. Timothy T. Sawyer, 

O hair man of the Boston Water Board: — 

Sir, — Agreeably to the requirements of Section 15 of the 
ordinance regulating the assessment of water-rates, the un- 
dersigned respectfully submits the following report : — 

The total number of water-takers now entered for the 
year 1879 is 51,523, being an increase since January 1, 
1878, of 1,553. 

The total number of cases where the water has been turned 
off for non-payment of rates during the year ending January 
1, 1879, is 1,423. Of this number 1,140 have been turned 
on, leaving a balance of 283 still remaining off. 

The total amount of water- 
rates received from April 30, 
1878, to May 1, 1879, is . . . $1,011,655 21 

Of this amount there was re- 
ceived for water used in 
previous years . . . $61,915 59 

Leaving the receipts for water 
furnished during the finan- 
cial year .... 950,240 44 

The amount of rates received 

from East Boston is . . 61,915 59 

Of this amount there has 
been paid to the Mystic De- 
partment, for water fur- 
nished during the year . 48,851 11 

In addition to the above, 
there has been received for 
turning on water, in cases 
where it had been turned off 
for non-payment of rates, 
the sum of 1,678 00 

Total receipts for summons . . . 1,567 25 



Total $1,014,900 46 



Eeport op the Water Board. 77 

The estimated amount of income from the 
sales of water during the year ending 
with April 30, 1880, is . . . . |965,000 00 

The expenditures of my office, during the 

year 1878, have been .... $22,794 85 



Meters. 

The total number of meters now attached to the premises 
of water-takers is 1,089. Of this number, 680 are |-inch ; 
345 one-inch; 43 two-inch ; 17 three-inch : 4 four-inch sizes. 
In addition, there are 123 elevators and 23 organ motors, 
with indicators attached to determine the quantity of water 
consumed. 



78 



City Document No. 79. 



The following table exhibits the class of premises to which 
meters are attached, together with the amount of revenue 
received durinsf the vear 1878 : — 



Name. 



Revere House . . . 
American House . 
Parker House . . . 
U. S. Hotel .... 
Tremont House . • 
Young's Hotel . . . 
Adams House . . . 
Hotel Berkeley . . 
Albion Building . . 
Central House . . . 
Hotel Pelham . . . 
Hotel Boylston . . 
La Grange House . 

8t. Cloud 

Hotel Clarendon . 
Beaver House . . . 
Evans House . . . 
Park-square Hotel . 
Hotel Kempton . . 
Hotel Hamilton . . 
Hotel Vendome . . 
Coolidge House . . 
Hancock House . . 
Merrimac House . 
Stanley House . . . 
International Hotel 
Hotel Alexander . 
Hotel Brunswick , 
Park's Hotel . . . 
Derby House . . . 
Citv Hotel . . . . 



Class. 



Hotel 



Amount carried forward 



Gallons. 



Revenue. 



5,050,232 

8,982,241 

10,223,149 

7,385,371 

8,455,756 

8,517,389 

4,030,688 

2,355,683 

1,687,598 

102,909 

1,327,718 

2,088,166 

449,101 

1,248,998 

507,113 

212,739 

1,098,105 

114,279 

1,433,589 

1,923,662 

4,720,603 

1,230,136 

60,173 

283,350 

353,371 

2,490,556 

1,467,738 

6,299,895 

463,074 

514,553 

319,727 



$1,262 54 

2,246 55 

2,555 78 

1,846 32 

2,113 94 

2,129 35 

1,007 66 

588 91 

421 89 

25 72 

331 93 

522 04 

112 27 

312 24 

126 77 

53 17 

274 52 

28 56 

358 39 

480 90 

1,180 13 

307 52 

15 03 

70 84 

88 33 

622 63 

366 92 

1,574 97 

115 77 

128 63 

79 93 



85,397,662 $21,349 15 



Report or the Water Board. 



79 





Name. 


Q 

8 inch. 

inch. 

inch. 


inch, 
inch. 
adicKtor. 


"3 

o 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 




in rH C^ 


CO -^ h-i 


H 






Amount brought foricard . 




. , 


85,397,662 


$21,349 15 


Hotel Albermarle 


Hotel 1 . 




1 


1,056,083 


264 01 


Ashland House 






1 


1 470,851 


117 69 


Hotel Columbus 




. . 1 


2 


2,492,574 


623 13 


Hotel Glover 




. . 2 


3 


386,318 


96 58 


Merchants' Hotel 






1 


192,616 


48 14 


M. J. Flatley 






1 


130,238 


32 54 


New England House . . . 






1 


689,671 


172 40 


Winthrop House 






1 


448,456 


112 10 


Dooley's Hotel 






1 


87,669 


21 92 


Falmouth House 


" 2 . . 




2 


310,636 


77 65 


Job A. Turner 






1 


312,271 


78 07 


Milliken House 


" 3 . . 




3 


481,861 


120 46 


Sherman House 






2 


1,496,297 


374 06 


Everett House 






1 


336,608 


84 14 


Metropolitan House .... 






2 


1,409,663 


852 41 


Commonwealth Hotel . . . 




. . 1 


2 


1,681,898 


420 47 


St. James Hotel 


" 3 . 




3 


1,984,794 


496 19 


Massachusetts House . . . 


" 1 . . 




1 


87,773 


21 94 


Bay State House 


" 11. 




2 


893,498 


223 36 


Mariner's House 


" 1 . . 




1 


198,338 


49 59 


Robertson House 


" 2 . . 




2 


173,552 


43 38 


Boston Hotel 


" 1 . . 




1 


412,434 


103 10 


Creighton House 


" 2 1. 


. . 2 


5 


4,287,987 


1,071 99 


Van Renssalear 


" 2 . 




2 


543,564 


135 89 


Quincy House 


" 3 2. 




5 


2,675,761 


668 93 


Marston House 


" 1 . . 




1 


778,508 


194 62 


Stumcke & Groodwin . . . 


" 2 1 




3 


3,454,980 


863 74 


Pavihon House 






1 


495,969 


123 98 


Norfolk House 






1 


583,973 


145 98 


National House 






1 


814,261 


203 56 


Hotel Agassiz 


" 1 


. . 2 


3 


2,034,323 


508 58 


Phillips House 


" 1 . 




1 


67,231 


16 80 


Albany House 


" 1 




1 


272,176 


68 04 


Cattle Fair Hotel 


" 1 




1 


158,424 


39 60 


Phoenix House 


" 1 . 





1 


272,920 


68 23 


Amount carried forward . 






:i7.571.838 


ai29..392 42 



80 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount brought fomcard 
Hotel Huntington .... 

Hotel Cluny 

Stinson House 

John D. Miller 

Moody Merrill 



Old Colony and Newport 
Railroad Co 



Boston and Albany Rail- 
road Co 



Boston and Maine Railroad 
Co . 



Boston and Lowell Rail- 
road Co 



Class. 



Hotel. . 



Fitchburg Railroad Co. 
Eastern Railroad Co. . 



New York and New Eng- 
land Railroad Co. . . . . 



Boston and Providence 
Railroad Co 



Boston, Revere Beach, and 
Lynn Railroad Co. . . . 



Boston,Winthrop, and Point 
Shirley Railroad Co. . . 



Boston Gas Light Co. . . . 
South Boston Gas Light Co. 
East Boston Gas Light Co. 
Roxbury Gas Light Co. . . 
Dorchester Gas Light Co. . 
Standard Sugar Refinery . 
Jasper Sugar Refinery . . 
Continental Sugar Refinery 
Bay State Sugar Refinery . 
Oxnard Sugar Refinery . . 
Boston Sugar Refinery . . 
Bay State Rolling Mill . . 
Norway Iron Works . . . 
Highland Spring Brewery . 

Edward Habich 

J. W. Kenney 



Brewery . . 



Amount carried, forward 393,016,646 $98,253 26 



Gallons. 



117,571,838 

321,551 

1,737,848 

128,401 

279,398 

1,345,096 

20,330,335 

36,886,417 

5,503,524 

6,472,059 
4,224,511 
6,043,591 

14,251,404 

11,056,878 

3,674,400 

345,445 

32,278,207 

704,986 

1,180,056 

1,274,605 

457,396 

58,266,422 

10,828,561 

11,555,400 

6,808,875 

3,243,526 

88,550 

Not using 

24,631,201 

6,414,968 

3,605,963 

1,605,234 



Revenue. 



$29,392 42 

80 38 

4S4 46 

32 09 

69 84 

336 27 

5,082 55 

9,221 5S 

1,375 87 

1,618 01 
1,056 12 
1,510 89 

3,562 85 

2,764 20 

918 58 

86 36 

8,069 55 

176 24 

282 50 

318 62 

114 34 

14,568 60 

2,707 14 

2,888 85 

1,702 20 

810 87 

9 64 



6,157 78 

1,603 74 

901 48 

401 30 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



81 



N'ame. 



ClasB. 



Amount brought forward 
Frey & King . . 
H. & J. Pfaff . . 
Marshall Brewery 



A. J. Houghton & Co., Hal- 
lock St 



A. J. Houghton & Co., Sta- 
tion St 



Boylston Brewery . 
Gottleib Burkhardt 
John Roessle . . . 
Jones, Cook, & Co. 
Boston Beer Co. . . 
Conrad Decker . . 
Suffolk Brewing Co 
Burton Brewery . . 
Elmwood Spring Brewery 
Vincent & Hathaway , 
Moses Fairbanks & Co. 
Coburn, Lang, & Co. , 
Comstock, Gove & Co. 
Isaac Pratt, Jr. 
Wesleyan Association . 
Tremont Temple 
8. S. Houghton 85 Co 
P. McAleer . . 
Smith & Porter 
F. A. Dewson . 
Boston Journal 
Joseph Byers . 



N. E. Mut. Life Ins. Co 
70 State st. 



N. E. Mut. Life Ins 
Milk St. . . 



Horticultural Hall 
Suffolk National Bank , 
Benjamin Leeds . . 
Blackstone Market 



Co 



Brewery 



Beer Factory 



Building 



Amount carried forward 448,251,294 $112,061 62 



Gallons. Revenue 



393,016,646 

763,179 

6,498,975 

1,489,906 

407,409 

778,741 

1,859,261 

2,385,803 

7,868,700 

5,473,441 

5,931,729 

881,492 

7,348,575 

1,043,175 

1,143,462 

589,373 

614,694 

317,663 

262,779 

921,016 

363,915 

1,319,184 

569,911 

309,992 

849,938 

744,106 

1,502,423 

742,164 

81,834 

1,346,430 
269,926 
180,482 
249,279 
135,691 



$98,253 26 

188 29 

1,624 74 

372 4T 

101 84 

194 68 

464 80 

596 44 

1,967 16 

1,368 35 

1,482 93 

220 37 

1,837 14 

260 78 

286 85 

147 34 

153 67 

79 40 

65 69 
230 25 

90 96 
329 79 
142 47 

77 48 
212 47 
186 02 
375 60 
185 52 

20 45 

336 60 
67 47 
45 11 
62 31 
33 92 



82 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount brought forward 
John Rayner, heirs . . . 

Otis T. Ruggles 

Turn Hall 

B. B. Appleton, heirs . . 

J. W. Merriam 

Peter B. Brigham .... 
Mrs. Ellen Brooks . . . 
Oriental Tea Company . 

S. D. Hicks 

John Stetson 

Macullar,Williame, &Parker 
John F. Mills 



Lilly, Young, Pratt, & Brack- 
ett 



J. I. Brown & Son .... 
Hogg, Brown, & Taylor . 

A . Wentworth 

William Ropes, estate . . 

A. D. Puffer 

Eastern Express Co. . . 
Grand Lodge of Masons . 
James W. Rollins .... 
Haley, Morse, & Co. . . . 
Mass. Inst, of Technology 

S. N. Brown, Jr 

A.H.Vinton 

A. Stowell 

B. F. Bradhury ..... 
Shepard, Norwell, & Co. 
D. J. Hastings 

C. U. Cotting, 628 Wash, st 
C. U. Cotting, 7 Court sq. 

W. H. Mann 

Smith & Watson .... 
H. C. Stephens (3 moe,) . 



Amuont carried forward 



Class. 



Building 



Gallons. 



448,251, 
204, 
252, 
320, 
161, 
148, 
335, 
115, 
250, 
1,775, 
1,850, 
437, 
321. 



2,203,074 
272,588 

3,068,911 
211,539 

2,176,860 
462,812 
611,858 
292,561 
300,885 
49,659 

1,079,469 
233,783 
233,154 
176,656 
204,316 
432,316 
177,999 
653,206 
181,367 
483,999 
84,128 
56,453 



Revenue. 



$112,061 62 

51 14 
63 05 
80 22 
40 48 
37 21 
83 95 
28 88 
62 63 

443 78 

462 51 

109 34 

80 28 

550 76 

68 13 

767 22 

52 87 
544 21 
116 69 
152 96 

73 13 
75 21 
12 41 

269 86 
68 44 
68 28 
44 16 
51 07 

108 07 

44 49 
163 29 

45 34 
120 98 

21 03 
14 11 



468,073,199 $117,016 80 



Keport of the Water Board. 



83 



Name. 



Amount brought fonoard 

Jordan, Marsh, & Co., "Wash- 
ington street .... 



Gr. T. Burnham & Co 
G. D. Dowes & Co., vacant 
Stephen H. Bennett, heirs 
W. H. Foster . . 
Brown & Seavey 
Franklin Evans . 
J. Zane & Co. . . 
Art Garden . . . 
Allen & Woodworth 
Merchants' Exchange 
H. M. Burr & Co. . . 
J. T. Brown & Co. . 

J. O. Gray 

C. F. Hovey & Co. . 
Globe Publishing House 
J. M. Smith & Co. . . 
Charles Rollins . . . 
Adams Express Co. . 
A. J. Wright .... 
W. Blenkinsop . . . 
Boston Gas Light Co. 
John F. Wilson . . . 
L. P. Ober 



Young Men's Christian As 
sociation .... 



A. A. Miner 

Henry F. Miller . . . 
Art Building .... 
Equitable Life Ins. Co 
R. H. White & Co. . 
H. S. Lawrence . . . 
Toung Men's Christ'n Union 
W. R. Clark . . . 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



Building 



Gallons. 



468,073,199 

802,216 
715,973 



676,228 
136,193 
202,659 
159,684 
243,953 

1,424,266 
218,941 

2,510,911 
153,106 
230,289 
493,583 
942,571 
044,291 
38,266 
985,223 
323,041 

1,023,984 
300,369 
104,378 
297,488 
351,901 

285,646 

165,091 

257,288 

306,857 

1,302,735 

1,820,626 

85,359 

2,311,788 

475,013 



Revenue. 



§117,016 80 

200 55 
178 99 



169 
34 
50 
39 
60 

356 
54 

627 
38 
57 

123 

235 

236 
9 

246 
80 

255 
75 
26 
74 
87 



71 40 

41 27 

64 32 

76 71 

325 67 

455 14 

21 33 

577 94 

118 75 



488,363,116 $122,089 06 



84 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount brought forward . 

Deacon House 

Boston Herald Building . . 

Mass. Charitable Mechanic 
Association 



Loring Ss Dexter, Trust. . . 
Commonwealth Building . 
Mutual Life Ins. Co. of N.T. 

F. Tudor 

Studio Building 

Boston Post Building . . . 
Traveller Building .... 

Union Building 

Wentworth Building . . . 

Rice Building 

Carter Building 

Edmands Building .... 
"Washington Building • . . 

Nilee Building 

Palmer's Building 

Joy's Building 



Joshua M. Sears, 199 Wash- 
ington street 



Advertiser Building . . . , 
Charity Building . . . . , 
Codman Building . . . . . 
Transcript Building . . . , 
Merchants' Bank Building 
Paine Memorial Hall . . 
Chauncy Hall School . . 
Mass. General Hospital . 

City Hospital 

Lunatic Hospital .... 
New England Hospital . 



Mass. Homoeopathic Hospi- 
tal 



Notre Dame Academy . 



Class. 



Building 



Amount carried forward 529,339,064 $132,332 72 



Gallons. 



488,363,116 

49,434 

2,441,619 

1,376,400 
450,458 
796,261 
516,075 

1,063,292 
541,779 

1,020,984 
657,144 
952,779 
534,623 
404,049 
138,586 
244,208 
768,299 
978,594 
207,210 
337,351 

1,625,589 

935,856 

283,853 

863,125 

639,159 

1,366,794 

233,153 

127,329 

6,551,131 

9,813,084 

3,548,214 

621,324 

538,44] 
350,251 



Revenue. 



22,089 06 

12 35 

610 39 

344 10 
112 61 
199 06 
129 01 
265 81 
135 43 
255 23 
164 28 
238 19 

133 65 
101 00 

34 63 
61 04 
192 07 
244 64 
51 79 
84 32 

406 39 

233 83 

70 95 

215 77 

159 77 

341 69 

58 28 

31 82 

1,637 78 

2,453 26 

887 05 

156 32 

134 60 
87 55 



Report of the Water Board. 



85 



Name. 



Amoiint brought forward . 

House of the Angel Guardian 

House of the Good Shepherd 
(3 months) 

Home for Catholic Children 

Church Home . . 

Sailors' Home . . 

Temporary Homg 

Somerset Club . 

Union Club . . . 

Temple Club . . 

Central Club . . 

Boston Music Hall 

Beethoven Hall . 

City Hall .... 

State of Massachusetts 

United States . . . 

Howard Athenseum 

Boston Theatre . . 

Globe Theatre . . 

Boylston Market . 

Washington Market 

Suffolk Market^ . . 

Franklin Market . 

Williams Market . 

Medical College . . 

Boston College . . 

Mrs. C. C. Annable 

Mrs. W. A. Colson 

Charles W. Smith . 

M. P. Carr .... 

J. H. Grout .... 

George Odin, heirs 

James F. Goodwin 

Mrs. D. L. Morse (6 moe.) 

Mrs. C. Farley . 



Class. 



State House 
Post Office 



Boarding 



Amount carried forward 645,567,898 $136,389 54 



Gallons. 



629,339,064 
629,184 

286,629 

308,235 

567,008 

561,633 

430,381 

1,636, 

857,719 

237,946 

114,431 

681,534 

224,349 

1,848,955 

1,355,430 

1,316,925 

53,543 

568,643 

164,817 

562,209 

441,917 

363,677 

82,410 

159,598 

551,634 

543,714 

248,393 

194,439 

200,476 

162,961 

280,853 

151,389 

361,466 

91,666 

97,832 



Revenue. 



$132,332 72 
132 28 

71 65 
77 06 

141 74 
137 90 
107 58 
409 20 
214 42 

59 47 

28 59 

170 37 

56 07 

462 24 

338 85 

329 22 

13 38 

142 16 
41 20 

140 64 
110 46 
90 90 
20 59 

39 89 
137 90 
135 91 

62 09 
48 69 
50 11 

40 72 
70 20 
37 84 
90 36 
22 91 
24 44 



86 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount brought forward 
Mrs. C. Cummings . 
James Knowlton . . 
RuelPhilbrook . . '. 
J. A. Merrill (6 mos.) 
Mrs. G. A. Winn . . 
Mrs. N. F. Chapln . . 
William Evans . . . 
E. Cutler, 147 Eieeland st 
E. Cutler, 146 Kneeland st 
Michael Doherty 
Job A. Turner 
James CMsholm 
J. Collins ... 
D. L. Webster 
Thomas Cantlon 
W. B. Mendum 



Lo-well Five-Cent 
Bank 



N. Whiting , . 

David Wilcox & Co., 8 
Boylston square 



J. Morrill, Jr., & Co. . 
Pearson Bros. & Co. . 

J. Morse 

L. Whittaker 

C. Wright & Co. ... 
Howard Watch & Clock Co 
Haley, Morse, & Co. . . 
Roxbury Carpet Co. . . 
George C. Pearson . . 
Putnam Nail Co. . . . 
William Carleton . . . 
Murphy, Leavens, & Co. 
H. M. Richards .... 
Charles E. Kershaw (3mo8.) 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



Boarding 



Model 



Factory 



Gallons. 



545,567,898 
248,971 
988,283 
328,186 
167,663 
183,421 
152,304 
391,958 
143,206 
262,419 
344,791 

46,906 
176,986 
197,041 
947,341 
147,159 

72,233 

1,002,593 
317,888 

1,147,562 
222,766 

1,529,633 
247,050 
102,594 
333,864 
263,024 
Vacant . . 

3,140,836 
366,511 

3,279,436 
494,674 
354,758 
401,200 
171,713 



Revenue. 



i,389 54 
62 24 
247 05 

82 04 
41 91 
45 84 
38 07 
97 99 

35 80 
65 60 
86*20 
11 71 
44 24 
49 25 

236 82 

36 78 
18 05 

250 64 
79 47 

286 87 
65 67 

382 40 
61 75 
25 64 

83 45 
65 74 



785 20 
91 62 

819 85 

123 66 
88 68 

100 29 
42 93 



563,742,868 §140,932 99 



Report of the Water Board. 



87 



Name. 



Amount hrougM forward 

E. Strain & Co 

Peet Valve Co. (6 mos.) 

A. W. Bailey 

C. M. Clapp & Co. . . . 

Pratt Bros 

Byam, Carlton, & Co. . 

Vose & Sons 

Stephen Smith & Cq . . 
Chiokering & Sons . . 

Mace & Keys 

Bagnall & Loud .... 
Boston Car Spring Co. 
A. Folsom & Sons . . . 
Dwinell, Hayward, & Co 
J. M. Cook, estate . . 
Hallet &5 Davis . . . 



S. D. & H. W. Smith, Mont 
gomery st 



S. D. & H. W. Smith, Al 
bany st 



Harrison, Beard, 85 Co. 
William Underwood & Co. 
Or. D. Dowes & Co. . . 
D. Wilcox & Co., Avery 
C. P. George & Co. . . 
Boston Belting Co. . . 
Richardson, McKee, & Co 
H. Barker .... 
Conrad Zeigler . 
C. H. Bacon . . . 
Morton & Chesley 
A. Zeigler .... 
Cummings & Carlisle 
Walworth Manufact. Co. 
Newton, Morton, & Co. 
A. J. Morse & Co. . . . 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



Factory 



Gallons. 



723,923 

694,374 

598,471 

599,221 

534,766 

171,804 

331,148 

212,708 

490,584 

45,023 

532,628 

1,194,924 

1,408,276 

58,456 

1,129,996 

346,119 

253,621 

416,131 



Revenue. 



563,742,868 


$140,932 99 


152,371 


38' 08 


166,148 


41 53 


40,111 


10 02 


240,560 


60 14 


263,483 


65 85 


57,931 


14 48 


104,716 


26 17 


226,186 


56 54 


1,487,153 


371 73 


176,949 


44 23 


199,974 


49 99 


632,783 


158 19 


547,284 


136 82 


564,819 


141 20 


1,215,849 


303 96 


118,193 


29 53 



180 97 

173 58 

149 60 

149 80 

133 -68 

42 94 

82 78 

63 17 

122 64 

11 25 

133 14 

298 72 

352 06 

14 61 

282 49 

86 52 

63 39 

104 03 



579,679,551 $144,916 81 



88 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount brought forward 
Seth W. Fowle & Son . 
H. B. Arnold & Co. . . 

E. L. Perkins 

Chadwick Lead Works 
mos.) 

Grocers' Packing Co. ( 
mos.) 

B. F. Sturtevant (6 mos.) 

Charles WoodlDury . 

W. P. Emerson Piano Co 

Hallett & Cumston . . 

P. Lally 

S. Q-. Underhlll .... 

Amer. Molded Collar Co 

Kittredge & Co 

D. Shales & Co 

Christopher Blake . . . 

G-. H. Dickerman . . . 

J. L. Ross 

R. Estabrook & Son . . 

Q-eorge Gill 

F. King & Co 



Grover & Baker Sewing 
Machine Co., Wash, st, 



Peet Valve Co. . 
G. F. Waldrou . 
A. K. Young . . 
Harrison Loring . 
S. A. Woods & Co 
George F. Blake 
E. H. AsLcroft 
L. M. Ham . . 
Eyelet Tool Co 
L. A. Bigelow . 
William Evans 
Smith & Lovett 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



Factory 



Machinist 



Gallons. 



579,679,551 

32,258 

494,784 

70,441 

147,136 

540,098 
58,576 
161,589 
977,588 
200,672 
357,796 
468,744 
563,326 
23,604 
342,137 
301,636 
263,671 
195,841 
121,920 
157,080 
428,663 

7,253 

226,838 

Vacant. 

576,271 

185,468 

584,588 

1,185,257 

519,196 

408,879 

Vacant, 

887,941 

1,062,649 

185,281 



Revenue. 



:,916 81 

8 06 

123 69 

17 60 

36 78 

135 02 
14 64 
40 39 

244 39 
50 14 
89 45 

117 18 

140 82 
5 90 
85 52 
75 41 
65 91 
48 94 
30 47 
39 26 

107 16 

1 81 

56 70 



144 06 
46 32 
146 13 
296 30 
129 79 
102 20 



221 98 
263 16 
46 32 



591,406,732 $147,848 31 



Keport of the Water Board. 



89 



Name. 


Class. 


.s 




.a -a .J 
o o 

a a 


O 
3 1 -• 

' 1 t 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 






- 


- 


1?^ CO T 


J« M H 






Amount brought forward . 






591,406,732 


$147,848 31 


Am. Tool and Machine Co. 


Machinist . . 




1 






857,176 


214 28 


J. Souther Sc Co 


" 


1 








88,939 


22 22 


Boston Machine Co 


" 


1 


1 






1,245,368 


811 32 


Hersey Brothers 


" 


1 








187,448 


46 86 


Hinckley Locomotive Works 


" 


1 


3 






1,072,328 


268 06 


Atlantic Works, Chelsea st. 


" 




1 






1,448,440 


362 10 


Atlantic Works, Border st. 


" 






1 . 




1,301,925 


326 47 


Holmes & Blanchard, 
Charlestown st 


.. 




1 






1,438,483 


359 60 


H. S. Robinson 


" 


1 








188,341 


47 07 


Geo. T. McLaughlin. . . . 


" 


2 






2 


642,054 


160 50 


South Boston Iron Co. . . . 


Foundry . . . 


3 


2 


1 . 


6 


1,389,485 


347 37 


Holmes & Blanchard, Tay- 
lor street 


" 


1 






1 


269,139 


67 28 


James Q-urney & Co. . . . 


•• 


1 






1 


58,981 


14 74 


William Blake & Co. ... 


" 


. 


1 




1 


846,454 


211 60 


Whiting Foundry Co. . . . 


" 


1 






1 


393,009 


98 23 


Tremont Foundry Co. . . , 


" 


1 






1 


63,833 


15 96 


Fulton Iron Foundry Co. . 


" 


. 


1 




1 


129,241 


32 31 


Chelmsford Iron Foundry 
Co 






1 




1 


1,005,384 
318,353 


251 34 


Highland Foundry Co. . . 


" 


1 






1 


79 58 


W. H. Washhurn 


" 


1 






1 


10,388 


2 59 


George Miles 


Boiler Maker . 


1 






1 


215,896 


53 97 


Downer Kerosene Oil Co. . 


Oil Works . . 


2 


1 


1 . 


4 


7,517,445 


1,879 35 


S. Jenney & Co 


" 




2 




2 


1,199,469 


299 85 


Maverick Oil Co 


" 




1 




1 


415,906 


103 97 


Pierce & Canterbury . . . 


" 




1 




1 


1,031,888 


257 96 


Kidder, Vaughan, & Co. . . 


" 




1 




1 


157,442 


39 34 


Bowker, Torrey, & Co., 
Bowker street 


Marble Works 


1 


1 




2 


3,153,467 


788 36 


Bowker, Torrey, Ss Co., 
Foundry street 


.. 


1 


1 




2 


Vacant. 




Torreys & Co 


" 


2 


1 




3 


2,720,462 


680 10 


C. E. Hall & Co 


" 


2 


1 




3 


2,498,469 


624 61 


A. Wentworth & Co. ... 


'• 


4 






4 


1,975,448 


493 85 


Richard Power & Son . . . 


" 


2 


- 





2 


486,825 


121 70 


Amount carried forward . 






625,734,168 


$156,429 85 



90 



CiTr Document No. 79. 



Name. 


Class. 


5-8 inch. 
1 1 inch. 
1 2 inch. 
1 3 inch. 
1 4 inch. 
1 Indicator. 

1 Total. 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 


Amowit brought fonuard . 






625,734,168 


$156,429 85 


Jeremiah Carew 


Stone Yard . 


.2 2 


173,480 


43 37 


E. F. Meaney 


" 


,21.... 3 


1,173,293 


293 31 


Geo. F. Chapin & Co. . . . 


Vinegar W'i 


si..... 1 


114,495 


28 64 


Pike & Fabins 


Pickle Factoi 


y . 1 . . . . 1 


358,171 


89 54 


Horace H. Lewis 


" 




116,041 


29 00 


W. K. Lewis & Bros. . . . 


" 




190,014 


47 49 


B. M. Clark 


" 




176,311 


44 06 


E. T. Cowdrey & Co. ... 


" 




432,774 


108 18 


Warner & Freeman .... 


Salt Works . 




219,368 


54 83 


Fobes, Hayward, & Co. . . 


Confectioner 


y 1 1 


660,092 


165 00 


Chase & Co 


" 




1,248,571 


312 13 


Charles Copeland 


" 




651,318 


137 82 


E. M. Messenger 


Restaurant . 




253,291 


63 31 


Mrs. G. F. Harrington . . 


" 




318,991 


79 74 


Marston & Cunio 


" 




282,496 


70 61 


W. L. Egerton 


" 




327,414 


81 85 


Frost &c Dearborn 


<• 




580,876 


145 21 


George Fera 


" 




362,461 


90 60 


D. T. Copeland 


<( 


. . 1 . . . . 1 


1,361,071 


340 26 


F. E. Weber 


" 




240,931 


60 22 


R. B. Brigham 


" 


.11.... 2 


1,239,054 


309 76 


W. F. Bacon 


" 




168,945 


42 22 


•A. W. Fisher 


" 




278,454 


69 61 


Frank B. lugalls (S mos.) . 


" 




42,255 


10 66 


Campbell & Coverly . . . . 


" 




385,156 


96 27 


Severance & Co 


" 




135,916 


33 98 


0. A. Jones 


" 




269,004 


67 24 


0. S. Edgerly 


" 




70,351 


17 58 


C. H. Bailey 


" 




149,370 


37 33 


B. E. Tucker 


" 




313,561 


78 38 


R. M. Waitt 


<< 




190,681 


47 66 


C. E. Bacon 


'< 




307,531 


76 88 


J. C. Mui-phy 


" 




27,143 


6 78 


J. Gallagher 


" 




167,168 


41 78 


Amount carried forward . 






638,620,216 


$159,651 04 



Report of the Water Boaed. 



91 



Amount hroxight fonoard 

A. E. Stahl & Co 

Dearborn & Ingalls . . . 

A. R. Weir . . 

Mrs. A. Cook . 

Walter Grieve 

A. F. Copeland 

J. Backus . . . 

W. S. Matthews 



Brock & Coy, 243 
avenue .... 



Atlantic 



Brock & Coy, 73 Clinton st. 
W. C. Gaboon & Son . 
Durgin, Park, & Co. . 

Paul & Savoy 

Smith & Underwood . 

J. M. Learned 

Charles Vossler .... 
Tlbhets & Russell . . . 

J. H. Blodgett 

R. R. & J. S. Higgins . 
Atwood & Bacon . . . 
Smith & Wright . . . . 

Palais Royal 

Pelton & Son 

Jonas H. French . . , 

C. H. Graves 

James Edmond & Co. . 

A. Hale & Co 

Byron & Hall 

W. H. Swift & Co. . . 
W. L. Bradley .... 
W. H. Bowker & Co. . 

B. Randall 



Boston Dye Wood &Chem 
icalCo 



W. H. Whitmore 



Class. 



Restaurant 



Saloon 



Distillery 



Rectifier 
Fire Brick 
Rubber Work 
Currier . . 
Fertilizers 



Chemicals 



Amount carried, forward 666,234,710 $167,418 09 



Gallons. 



638,620,216 
95,888 
255,383 
216,842 
313,936 
150,086 
366,188 
453,384 
287,791 

236,792 
127,711 
301,688 
381,286 
815,314 
796,531 
499,884 
506,813 
470,048 
561,286 
844,569 
104,498 
491,229 
104,108 

1,190,034 
629,648 
242,619 
327,459 
250,391 
49,651 
935,183 

3,182,776 
386,554 
412,614 

11,134,374 
991,936 



Revenue. 



[59,651 04 
23 96 
63 86 
54 20 
78 48 
-■ 37 51 
91 53 
113 34 
71 94 

59 19 
31 92 
76 41 
96 31 
78 82 

199 13 
124 95 
126 69 
117 61 
140 31 
211 14 

26 12 
122 79 

26 02 
297 49 
167 40 

60 66 
81 86 
62 58 
12 41 

233 79 

796 69 

96 63 

103 14 

2,783 58 
247 97 



92 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount bj'ought forward 

M. Crocker & Co 

G. W. & F. Appleton . , 
Preston & Merrill .... 
Quirin & Edwards . . . 

F. 8. Merritt 

R. "W. Ames & Son (Smos.'; 
James A. Frampton . . . 

Boston Forge Co 

Boston Lead Co 

A. N. Hardy 

Compressed Shafting Co. 

Suffolk Glass Co 

Washington Pipe Works 
East Boston Pottery . . . 
Simpson's Dry Dock Co. 
Cunard Steamship Co. . . 
Union Freight Railway Co 
W. B. Gleason & Co. . . 



Butchers' Slaughtering and 
Melting Association . 



John Giblin 

Boston Skating Rink Co. 
Metropolitan Railroad Co 
So. Boston Bailroad Co 
Highland Railroad Co. 
Draper & Hall . 
Israel Tibbetts 
P. E. Murray . 
A. J. Child . . 
E. A. Noyes . 
James W. H&,le 
A. H. Foster . 
John Tonry . 
W. L. Wellington 
Charles R. Smith 



Class. 



Chemicals 



Extracts 
Tannery 



Photographer 



Carving 



Skating Rink 



Stables 



Stable 



Amount carried forward I . . 699,683,011 $174,916 10 



Gallons. 



666,234,710 

Closed. 

10,458 

597,825 

444,444 

226,170 

14,820 

147,390 

1,278,722 

591,068 

144,328 

70,148 

726,233 

44,993 

475,395 

459,166 

3,336,383 

1,154,100 

130,721 

4,116,931 



100,193 

9,773,745 

4,515,781 

1,735,999 

1,032,600 

268,809 

247,014 

539,310 

481,508 

180,060 

139,868 

229,150 

28,440 

206,529 



Revenue. 



$166,554 36 



2 62 
149 44 
111 11 

56 53 

3 70 
36 83 

319 68 
147 76 

36 06 

17 52 
181 55 

11 25 
118 85 
114 78 
834 09 
288 52 

32 67 

1,029 22 



25 04 

2,443 41 

1,128 93 

433 95 

258 15 

67 19 

61 74 

134 82 

120 37 

45 00 

34 95 

57 28 

7 11 

51 62 



Repokt of the Water Board. 



93 



Amount brought forward 
J. Austin Rogers .... 
Norfolk House Stable . . 
Charles Foster & Co. . . 
Parmenter & Sumner . . 
Robert H. Douglass . . . 
T. H Seavey 



J. P. Barnard, 108 Chestnut 
street 



J. P. Barnard, cor. Brimmer 
and Chestnut streets . . 

J. P. Barnard, Joy street 

A. Garcelon . 

C. 8. Godfrey 

G. W. Sherburne 

J. E. Maynard 

A. Goss . . . 

Adams Express Co 

J. R. Gott . . 

F. S. Merritt 

L. W. Porter & Co 

Warner & Richardson . . 

George M. King 

Milo Whitney . 

Daniel Wood . 

T. D. Sullivan . 

Ham 85 Co. . . 

F. E. Russell . 

Edgar Snow . 

John Peeney • 

James Jellison 

John Miller . . 

Shorey & Co. . 

Harwood & Hackett 

H. C. Nims .... 

Boston Hotel Coach Co 

E. W. Murray, Berkeley st 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



Stable 



Gallons. 



Revenue. 



699,683,011 
523,384 
Vacant. 
285,001 
237,849 
246,375 
65,438 

498,473 

546,361 
698,713 
203,851 
354,975 
134,048 
631,943 
213,534 
329;963 
52,282 
Vacant. 
298,661 
480,406 
590,611 
156,578 
311,889 
118,080 
254,101 
132,705 
132,916 
106,111 
263,852 
210,040 
277,329 
195,954 
417,921 
1,084,276 
284,701 



$174,916 10 
130 82 

71 24 
59 46 
61 59 
16 35 

124 60 

136 58 
174 68 
50 95 
88 74 
33 51 
157 98 
53 37 
82 48 
13 07 

74 65 

120 09 

147 64 

39 14 

77 96 

29 50 

63 51 

33 16 

33 22 

26 52 

65 95 

52 51 

69 32 

48 98 

104 47 

271 06 

71 16 



710,021,332 $177,500 36 



94 



City Document iSlo. 79. 



Name. 



Class. 



Amount brought forward 
E. "W. Murray, Stanhope st, 
A. B. Atherton . 
Geo. 8. Johnson 
Johnson Bros. . 
T. Thaxter . . . 

C. A. Upham . . 
Howes & Rice . . 
Miller & Robinson 
John Rice .... 
Geo. S. Fogg Si Co 
A. D. Pattee . . 
Nelson Brothers 
Moses Coleman & Son 
J. H. Richardson 
Northend & Foster 

E. A. Batchelder 
Riverside Club Stable 
Club Stable, Chardon st. 
Beacon Club Stable 

D. G. Leavitt . 
Henry Beckwith 

F. A. Phelps . 

A. P. Marion . 
W. C. Burgess 
Parker Bryant 

B. W. Dean , . 
F. 8. Rice & Co. 
M. 85 W. Ham . 

C. S. Blood & Co 
J. H. Pote & Co. 
J. B.Cassidy & Bro. 
Peck & Hall . . . 

J. Hale 

J. M. Sniith . . . 



Amount carried forward 



Stable 



Gallons. 



710,021,332 
350,634 
313,374 
193,021 
240,834 
146,149 
194,358 
215,993 
132,542 
427,861 
475,771 
364,455 
145,000 
171,481 
571,331 
162,211 
180,870 
138,308 
107,956 

99,379 
427,089 
133,299 
454,756 
238,200 
140,081 
250,666 
352,486 
509,775 
220,275 
155,120 
138,684 
164,401 
271,306 
245,566 

73,194 



Revenue. 



$177,500 36 

87 65 
78 34 
48 25 

60 19 
36 51 
48 58 
53 99 

33 13 
106 96 
118 94 

91 11 

36 25 

42 89 

142 84 

40 53 
45 21 

34 56 
26 97 
24 83 

106 76 

33 31 
■^ 113 68 

59 55 

35 02 
62 66 

88 11 
127 43 

55 07 
38 78 

34 66 

41 09 
67 82 

61 38 
18 29 



718,427,808 $179,601 70 



Report of the Water Board. 



95 



Name. 



Amount brought forward 

E. R. Webster 

Club Stable, 75 Chestnut st, 
B. T. Wrightington 
Clark & Brown 
William Pike . 
A. H. Fobs . . 
Cilley & Stimson 
Club Stable, 44 Joy 
Asa Critchett . 

A. S. Eaton . . 
L. A. Noyes . . 
Geo. D. Brown 
J. H. Hathorne 
H. D. Smith . . 
M. Munroe . . 
Beacon Park . 
National Tube Works 
Grlobe Nail Works . . 
Farrington Ss Hunnewell 

B. M. Cunningham 
Manley Howe . . 
L. Prang & Co. . 



L. Prang & Co., 1482 
mont St. (3 mos.) . 



Morse & Jordan . . . 
Francis Brooks . . . 
Walworth Manuf. Co. 
H. G. Denny .... 

Porter & Co 

C. U. Cotting .... 
Moses B. Wilde . . . 

John Foster 

J. M. Sears, 45 Arch st 
Briggs & Robinson . 
J. 8. Potter 



Tre 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



Stable 



Stock yard 



Silversmiths 
Laundry 
Chemist 
Chromos 

Engine 



Mill 



Gallons. 



718,427,808 
144,233 
144,063 
79,403 
735,744 
100,456 
150,346 
281,349 
244,216 
110,657 
167,318 
98,790 
166,321 
649,006 
261,969 

1,485,373 
169,650 
444,256 

2,257,133 
108,759 
508,995 
476,880 
430,186 

131,385 
211,246 
240,151 
1,450,176 
203,024 
472,074 
278,813 
391,126 
372,706 
726,278 
622,091 
804,211 



$170,601 70 
36 05 

36 01 
19 85 

183 92 
25 11 

37 58 
70 33 
61 04 
27 66 
41 82 
24 69 

41 58 
162 25 

66 48 
371 32 

42 41 
111 06 
564 27 

27 19 
127 23 
119 22 
107 54 

32 84 

5;2 80 

60 02 

362 52 

50 74 

118 00 

69 70 

97 77 

93 17 

181 56 

130 51 

201 04 



733,446,192 .^183,355 97 



96 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount broicght forward . 

8. B. Steb"bins 

L. "W. Pickens 

C. E. Folsom 

Boston City Flour Mills . . 

J. J. McNutt 

Glendon Co 

Manson & Peterson .... 

S. G. Bennett 

Cross & Gilman ...... 

McQuesten & Fogg .... 

J. F. Paul & Co 

Bugbee & Spooner 

J. A. Robertson 

Stetson & Pope 

Chauncy, Page, & Co. . . . 
S. H. L. Pierce 

A. J. Stearns & Son .... 
Palmer, Parker, & Co. . . . 

J. F. Keating 

Watson & Bisbee 

Laming & Drisko 

Cressey & Noyes 

Smith & Jacobs 

B. D. Whitcomb 

8. Crosby & Son 

Nathaniel Cummlngs . . . 

R. 8. Gilmore 

Glover & Jones 

Slade Dye Wood Mill . . . 

Knowles, Freeman, & Co. . 

Q. B. Spaulding & Co. . . . 

Bond, Blanchard, Worthen, 
&Co 



G. K. Withington & Co. 
J. H. Chadwick .... 



Class. 



Mill 



Fish Store . . 
Bacon Works . 

Bakery .... 
House &Fount'n 



Amount carried forward 000 755,826,669 $188,950 87 



Gallons. 



733,446,192 
623,439 
389,648 
101,843 

2,555,190 

1,783,397 

1,883,693 
545,063 
795,243 
485,799 
370,005 

1,554,699 
537,818 
602,130 
Not using. 
422,236 
840,444 
7,840 
720,510 
460,898 
595,254 
476,161 

1,148,025 
727,561 

1,215,263 

711,248 

146,443 

85,028 

260,469 

1,273,905 
507,871 
141,684 

75,121 

307,118 

29,431 



Revenue. 



$183,355 97 

155 85 

97 40 

25 46 

638 79 

445 84 

470 92 

136 26 

198 80 

121 44 

92 50 

388 67 

134 45 

150 53 



105 55 

210 10 

1 96 

180 12 
115 21 
148 81 
119 04 
287 00 

181 90 
303 82 
177 81 

36 60 
21 25 
65 10 
318 47 
126 96 
35 40 

18 77 
76 77 
7 35 



Repoet of the Water Board. 



97 



Name. 



Amount brought forward . 
Horatio Harris (6 mos.) . . 

W. V. Hutchings 

J. C. Mchols 

Warren & Co., Agts. . . . 
Hingham Steamboat Co. . . 
Portland Steam Packet Co. 
Thayer Sc Lincoln . . . • . 
House of Correction .... 
Suffolk County Court House 
Suffolk County Jail .... 



Directors of Public Institu- 
tions 



South Ferry . . . . 

North Ferry . . . . 

Board of Health . . . 

Police Station No. 1 . 
2 , 
3, 
4 . 
5 
6 
7. 



City Prison 

L. W. Morrill & Co 

John C.Miller 

First Church 

King's Chapel 

Cathedral of the Holy Cross 
Trustees Masonic Building 
St. Mary's Church 



Amount carried forward 



Class. 



House &Fount'n 
Fountain . . . 

Wharf purposes 
Steamers . . . 



Public Urinals 



Rotary Fan 
Organ . . , 



Gallons. 



7-55,826,669 

212,640 

36,503 

40,931 

459,825 

5,399,461 

1,813,275 

450,144 

13,198,350 

1,019,079 

1,707,008 



8,048,793 
8,896,350 
1,172,341 
132,353 
372,136 
310,696 
280,006 
288,713 
184,238 
369,053 
154,906 
180,191 
113,033 
119,168 

65,363 
615,075 

88,880 
509,963 
166,840 

51,865 
208,815 

20,000 
611,505 



Revenue. 



9,204,171 



88,950 87 

53 15 

9 12 

10 22 

114 96 

1,349 86 

453 31 

112 52 

3,299 59 

254 76 

426 74 

1,519 98 

2,012 19 

2,224 08 

293 08 

33 09 

93 03 

77 67 

70 00 

72 18 

46 05 

92 27 

38 73 

45 04 

28 26 

29 79 
16 33 

153 77 
22 22 

127 48 
41 70 
12 96' 
52 20 
5 00 

152 87 



$202,295 07 



98 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Amount brought forward . 

Tremont-st. M. E. Church . 

South Cong'l Church . . . 

First Universalist Church . 

Columhus-av. Univ. Church 

Shawmut Cong'l Society . . 

Church of the Holy Redeemer 

Church of the Immaculate 
Conception 



Class. 



Organ 



Clarendon-st.Baptist Church 
Second Church Society 
St. James Church . . . 
Brattle-street Church . 
J. Montgomery Seara . 
Mason & Hamlin . , . 
Boston Boc'y New Jerusalem 
Second Hawes Unit. Soc'y 
Old South Church Society 
Trinity Church Society . 
German Catholic Church 
Boston & Albany R.R. Co, 
Shawmut Elevator Co 
Bancroft & Dyer 
John L. Gardner 
Job F. Bailey . . 
George O. Hovey 
E. Williams . . . 
Sidney Squires . 
Henry G. Denny 
William Claflin (6 mos, 
Mrs. S. S. Dunn, est. 
Joel Goldthwait & Co. 
Chickering & Sons . 
Odd Fellows' Building 

Davis & Co 

L. Beebe & Sons . . 



Grain Elevator 



Elevator 



Amount carried forward I . . . . 817,717,609 $204,423 18 



Gallons. 



809,204,171 
91,613 
112,830 
344,027 
52,959 
134,250 
103,763 

507,916 
94,406 
92,432 
190,175 
Not using 

7,470 

Not using, 

114,885 

83,498 

266,130 

319,978 

178,500 

439,794 

362,271 

637,161 

78,075 

601,193 

49,275 

128,250 

210,563 

13,388 

10,575 

7,823 

13,988 

1,596,000 

88,500 

390,000 

1,191,750 



Revenue. 



$202,295 07 

22 91 
28 20 
85 98 
13 23 
33 55 
25 93 

126 97 

23 59 
23 10 

47 54 



28 70 
20 87 
66 53 
79 98 
44 62 

109 93 
90 55 

159 28 
19 62 

150 29 
12 31 
32 06 
52 64 
3 34 

2 64 
1 95 

3 49 
399 00 

22 12 
97 49 
297 93 



Report of the Water Board. 



99 



Name. 


Class. 


i 

a 


B 




1 


c 


u 

-S 

o 


"3 
o 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 


^^^^ 




« 


iH 


o) 


CO 


•* 


1— 1 


H 






Amount brought forward . 








. . 


817,717,609 


$204,423 18 


A. W. Clapp 


Elevator . . . 
















1,008,000 


252 00 


Rufus Gibbs & Co 


" 
















.57,750 


14 43 


James Tucker & Co. . . . 


" 
















535,500 


133 87 


Lamkin & Foster 


" 
















1,182,750 


295 68 


E. H. Sampson 


" 
















537,000 


134 25 


Davis, Whitcomb, & Co. . 


" 
















449,250 


112 30 


J. C. Haynes 


<■ 
















431,250 


107 81 


Lewis, Brown, & Co. . . . 


" 
















1,353,750 


338 44 


Claflln & Thayer 


" 
















1,238,925 


309 72 


McConnell & Gardner . . . 


" 
















490,500 


122 62 


W. E. Putnam & Co. ... 


" 
















795,751 


198 93 


Henry Bond & Co 


" 
















907,500 


226 87 


J. 8. Stone 


" 
















855,750 


213 93 


Dennison & Co 


" 
















1,497,000 


374 24 


H. H. Mawhinney & Co. . . 


" 
















1,387,500 


346 88 


Clement & Colburn .... 


" 
















339,000 


84 75 


Rhodes & Co 


<« 
















741,000 


185 25 


Smith, Richardson, & Bates 


" ... 
















1,210,500 


302 62 


Henry A. Gould 


" 
















999,450 


249 86 


John Cummings & Co. . . . 


" 
















1,029,000 


257 25 




" ... 




















Mrs. H. W. Harris .... 


886,500 


221 62 




,i 




















Josiah Cummings 

Hotel Westminster .... 






















" 
















399,000 


99 75 


Hotel Warwick 


<■ 
















867,760 


216 92 


Hotel Lyndeboro' 


<« ... 
















1,799,550 


449 88 


Hotel Clifford 


" 
















1,350,000 


337 49 


Hotel Berwick 


" 
















2,008,661 


502 16 


Hotel Edinburgh 


" 
















1,485,000 


371 25 


H. & D. W. Watrous . . . 


... 
















208,650 


52 16 


J. Montgomery Sears . . . 


" 
















864,675 


216 16 


Mrs. J. Longley 


" 
















42,991 


10 74 


J. B. Kimball & Co 


" ... 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 




£02,500 


125 63 


Amount carried forward . 






845,180,012 


$211,288 64 



100 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 



Class. 



Amoiiut brought forward . 

First National Bank . . . . 

Notman & Campbell . . . . 

Martin, Skinner, & Fay . . 

A. A. Pope & Co 

A. Storrs & Co 

Abram French & Co. . . . 

Talbot, Wilmarth, & Co. . 

Albert Metcalf 

Edward Spaulding . . . , 

Withington & Hall . . . . 

Josiah Cummings 

Fairbanks & Brown . . . . 

Grosvenor & Richards , . . 

"W. E. Underwood . . . . 

George D. Howe 

Lord, Whittemore, & Co. . 
Converse & Stanwood . . . 
John F. Mills, estate . . . 
Daniels, Badger, ScCo. . . 
Wright, Worster, & Delano 

Hotel La Fayette 

Hotel Baldwin 

Doll & Richards 

8. G. Allen (7 mos.) .... 
Thomas Groom (7 mos.) . . 
Monks & Co. (7 mos.) . . . 
Enoch Page (4 mos.) . . . 
F. R. Sears (4 mos.) .... 
Lawrence Building (4 mos.) 
8. D. Warren (3 mos.) . . 
Howe Bros. (3 mos.) . . . 
Dyer, Taylor, & Co. (2 mos.) 
Henry Bond (2 mos.) . .■ . 
David Parker & Co. (2 mos.) 



Elevator 






Amount carried forward " . . . | . | . | 866,438,505 $216,603 10 



Gallons. 



845,180,012 

5,211.225 

191,772 

662,250 

471,375 

468,150 

713,175 

328,500 

50,250 

179,250 

195,000 

270,600 

748,200 

302,250 

296,573 

1,350,338 

418,140 

306,450 

1,491,000 

455,250 

667,050 

1,562,250 

1,106,250 

616,450 

309,975 

234,375 

1,020,975 

10,110 

19,650 

823,425 

142,110 

96,375 

341,400 

271,500 

26,850 



Revenue. 



$211,288 64 
1,802 80 

47 93 
165 55 
117 84 
117 04 
178 28 

82 12 
12 55 
44 81 

48 75 
67 64 

187 04 

75 56 
74 15 

337 57 
104 64 

76 61 
372 76 
113 80 
166 75 
390 56 
276 56 
129 10 

77 49 
58 59 

255 24 

2 53 

4 91 

205 85 

35 53 

24 09 

85 35 

07 87 

6 71 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



101 



Name. 


Class. 


in 




.a 
o 
c 


CO 


.d 


i-t 

o 

'2 

M 


H 
o 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 


Amount brought forward . 






866,438,505 


$216,603 10 


Howard Nat'l Bank (1 mon.) 


Elevaror . . . 












2 


2 


182,700 


45 67 


Sidney Bartlett (1 mon.) . . 


... 
















12,900 


3 22 


Perry, Wendall, Fay, & Co. 


















602,250 


150 56 


Continental Bank Building . 


















2,158,650 


539 65 


C. D. Swain & Co 


... 
















179,250 


44 80 


J. A. & "W. Bird 


" 
















1,254,760 


313 68 


A. Wentworth 


... 
















149,625 


37 41 


Atlantic National Bank . . 


" 
















723,670 


180 91 


R. E. Apthrop 


" 
















3,074,775 


768 69 


F. Gordan Dexter 


" 
















1,235,850 


308 95 


Banfield, Forristall, & Co. . 


" 
















1,779,450 


444 85 


J. 8s J. DoTsson 


" 
















222,750 


55 68 


Robbins & Kellogg .... 


'■ 
















683,700 


170 92 


Fogg, Houghton, & Coolidge 


... 
















638,250 


159 56 


Horswell, Kinsley, & French 


... 










• 






413,325 


103 33 


J. T. Bailey 


" 










■ 






74,251 


18 54 


Z. A. Willard 


" 
















459,811 


114 94 


F. M. Johnson 


" ... 
















2,048,419 


512 10 


Minot, Hooper, & Co. . . . 


" 
















2,047,200 


511 80 


J. P. Paine 


" 
















662,928 


165 71 


Miss C. D. Brewer .... 


" ... 
















31,936 


7 98 


J. M. Beebe 


<« 
















11,213 


2 7« 


John Holman 


" 
















269,025 


67 26 


Paul & Co 


" ... 
















299,400 
872,925 


74 84 


Oliver Ditson & Co 


218 22 


"W. H. Slocum 


<• 
















491,925 


122 97 


Charles H. Ward ..... 


" 
















369,150 


92 29 


Doe & Hunnewell 


" 












2 


2 


672,750 


168 18 


J. Cottle 


« 












2 


2 


202,050 


50 50 


A. A. Lawrence 


" ... 












2 


2 


6,402,225 


1,600 55 


David Parker & Co 


" 












2 


2 


• 765,675 


191 42 


Joseph Peabody 


" 












1 


1 


85,725 


21 42 


S. N. Brown, Jr 


" 












1 


1 


62,671 


15 65 


F. O. White 


Motor .... 


- 


- 


- 


- 




1 


1 


71,250 


17 80 


Amount carried forward . 




, 




, , 


895,650,929 


$223,905 94 



102 



City Document No. 79. 



Name. 


Class. 


B 


c 


.a 


,a 
o 
c 

n 

1 

1 

3 


a 


U 

o 

•3 

1 


o 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 


Amount brought forward . 
L. W. & H. F. Morse . . . 
Cedar Grove Cemetery . . 
Forest Hills Cemetery . . . 
Paul Knowles and others . 


'Moter .... 
Cemetery . . 

Marine "Water- 
men, as per 
contract . . . 


1 

1 
1 

3 


895,650,929 

36,000 

1,560,200 

1,581,900 

1,708,727 


$223,905 94 

9 00 

156 01 

158 19 

1,366 93 






900,537,756 


$225,596 07 























Statement showing the number of houses, stores, steam- 
engmes, etc., in the City of Boston, supplied with water to 
the 1st of January, 1879, with the amount of water-rates 
received for 1878 : — 



32,054 Dwelling-houses 
27 Boarding-houses 
1,436 Model-houses 

15 Lodging-houses 
13 Hotels 

6,023 Stores and shops 
488 Buildings . 
868 Offices 
38 Public Halls 
2 Museums . 
37 Private schools 
22 Asylums . 
5 Hospitals . 
64 Greenhouses 
136 Churches . 

8 Market-houses 
100 Cellars . 
866 Restaurants and saloons 

16 Club-houses 
30 Photographers 
34 Packing-houses 

Amount carried forward^ 



^5,424 73 

1,319 33 

36,336 25 

483 50 

809 58 

65,093 36 

23,118 00 

7,783 30 

680 55 

100 00 

683 50 

1,532 50 

269 00 

1,557 00 

2,175 52 

1,203 50 

651 75 

19,501 78 

313 00 

940 QQ 

1,338 68 

$651,315 49 



Report of the Water Board. 



103 



Amount hrougJd foriuard, 


$651,315 49 


1,741 Stables 


13,293 32 


51 Factories . 




1,886 92 


5 Bleacheries 




117 50 


121 Bakeries . 




1,224 83 


10 Freigiit-houses 




252 00 


3 Gasometers 




48 00 


1 Cemetery . 




10 00 


2 Bath-bouses 




50 00 


3 Ship-yards 




51 00 


3 Dry-docks aud engines 


100 00 


171 Shops and engines 


8,179 69 


23 Factories and engines 


1,205 10 


12 Printing and engines . 


923 88 


2 Foundries and engines 


118 50 


3 Ship-yards and engines 


^^^ 25 


1 Bakery and engine . 


39 00 


29 Stationery engines 


2,055 76 


57 Discliarging and pile-driving engines 


678 00 


10 Armories ..... 


168 17 


1,496 Hand-hose .... 


9,600 00 


9 Fountains . . . . . 


120 00 


34 Tumbler-washers 


510 00 


89 Beer water-pressures . 


445 00 


40 Laundries ..... 


1,036 50 


1 Gymnasium 


50 00 


8 Aquariums .... 


50 00 


18 Riiilroad stations 


277 25 


Q^ Steam and Tug Boats 


9,510 80 


12 Motors 


60 83 


1 Laboratory . . . . . 


50 00 


3 Police Stations .... 


77 50 


44 Fire-engines, hose, and hook and lad- 




der houses .... 


965 00 


7 Chemical engine-houses 


105 00 


3,822 Fire hydrants 


68,7.96 00 


129 Eeservoirs . . . . . 


2,322 00 


Repair shop . . . . . 


38 50 


Steamer "Wm. M. Flanders" . 


200 00 


Steamer " J. P. Bradlee " . 


200 00 


Steamer " Samuel Little " . 


100 00 


Steamer " Protector " . 


100 00 


Public Schools . . . . . 


3,742 00 


Boston Truants Home 


120 00 


Street watering . . . . . 


699 44 


Amount carried forward^ 


$780,959 23 



104 



City Docuiment No. 79. 





Amount brought forivard 






$780,959 23 


Paving Department . 


. 


. 




431 50 


Internal Health Department 


, 


1, 


101 25 


Common Sewer Depar 


bment 


, 




250 00 


Lamp Department 


. 


, 




42 25 


Board of Health 


, 


. 




490 00 


Committee on Common and 


Squares 




385 00 


Committee on Bridges 




. 




82 00 


Committee on Bathing 




, 




15 00 


Filling cisterns . 




^ 




13 00 


Commercial College . 




, 




61 50 


Ice Company (washing 


ice) 


. 




15 00 


Custom House . 




, 




85 00 


Branch Libraries 




, 




60 50 


Building purposes 




. 


1,623 01 


Maintaining meters . 




. 




283 00 


Metered water (9 mon 


ths) . 




.' 167,059 58 




$952,956 82 


The following table exhibits the . 


yesLvly increase of water- 


takers since January 1, 1850 : 


— 




Takers. 


Increase. 


From January 1, 1850, to Ja 


luary 


1, 1851 


13,463 








.1851, 


(( 


1852 


16,076 


2,613 






1852, 


(( 


1853, 


16,862 


786 






1853, 


(( 


1854 


18,110 


1,308 






1854, 


u 


1855 


19,193 


1,023 






1855, 


a 


1856 


, 19,998 


805 






1856, 


i i 


1857 


20,806 


808 






1857, 


(( 


1858 


21,602 


796 






1858, 


(( 


1859 


22,414 


812 






1859, 


a 


1860 


23,271 


857 






1860, 


( c 


1861 


24,316 


1,045 






1861, 


( ( 


1862 


25,486 


1,170 






1862, 


( i 


1863 


, 26,289 


803 






1863, 


t i 


1864 


, 26,851 


562 






1864, 


a 


1865 


27,046 


195 






1865, 


it 


1866 


27,489 


443 






1866, 


a 


1867 


27,754 


265. 






1867, 


i i 


1868 


28,104 


350 






1868, 


i i 


1869 


29,738 


1,634 






1869, 


i i 


1870 


31,500 


1,762 






1870, 


1 1 


1871 


36,132 


4,632 






1871, 


1 1 


1872 


38,716 


2,584 






1872, 


a 


1873 


40,688 


1,972 






1873, 


i I 


1874 


42,345 


1,657 



Report or the Water Board. 



105 



Takers. Increase. 

From January 1, 1874, to January 1, 1875, 44,676 2,331 

1875, " 1876, 46,885 2,209 

1«76, " 1877, 48,328 1,443 

1877, " 1878, 49,970 1,642 

1878, " 1879, 51,523 1,553 

The following table exhibits the yearly revenue from the 
sale of Cochituate water since its introduction into the city, 
October 25, 1848: — 



Receive 


d by 


Water C 


y(»mmissioners 


, as per 




Auditor's Report in 1848 


. 


, 


$972 81 


From J 


muary 


1, 1P49, 


to January 1, 


1850 


71,657 79 




a 


1850, 






1851 . 


99,025 45 




i i 


1851, 






1852 


161,052 85 




I i 


1852, 






1853 


179,567 39 




t( 


1853, 






1854 


196,352 32 




a 


1854, 






1855 


217,007 51 




i i 


1855, 






1856 


266,^02 77 




a 


1856, 






1857 


282,651 84 




i i 


1857, 






1858 , 


289,328 83 




i i 


1858, 






1859 


302,409 73 




k ( 


1859, 






1860 


314,808 97 




( ( 


1860, 






1861 


334,544 86 




( ( 


1861, 






1862 


365,323 96 




(i 


1862, 






1863 


373,922 33 




( k 


1863, 






1864 


394,506 25 




( i 


1864, 






1865 


430,710 76 




a 


1865, 






1866 


450,341 48 




i i 


1866, 






1867 


486,538 25 




i i 


1867, 






1868 


522,130 93 




i i 


1868, 






1869 


553,744 88 




i i 


1869, 






1870 


597,328 55 




a 


1870, 






1871 


708,783 68 




i i 


1871, 






1872 


774,445 70 




i i 


1872, 






1873 


862,704 08 




i i 


1873, 






1874 


. 917,415 92 




i I 


1874, 






1875 


977,020 48 




i ( 


1875, 






1876 


. 1,005,120 94 




(( 


1876, 






LS77 


. 1,029,643 70 




( i 


1877, 






1878 


. 1,015,562 89 




a 


1878, 






1879 


. 1,010,584 30 




i i 


1879, 


to M 


ay 1, 


1879 


722,647 68 




$15,914,159 88 



106 City Document No. 79. 



Drinking-Fountains . 

There are 52 drinking-foimtains now established within 
the city limits : — 

City Proper. 

* Boston Common (6). 

North square. 

Washington street, near Elm. 

" " opposite Blackstone square. 

Atlantic avenue, junction Commercial street. 

" " head of Rowe's wharf. 

" " near N.Y. and N. E. R.R. freight-house. 

Hay market square. 
Causeway street, at Boston & Lowell R.R. depot. 

" " junction Merrimac street. 

Charles street, opposite the jail. 

" " between Boylston and Beacon streets. 

" " near Boylston street. 

Beacon street, near Charles street. 
Tremont street, near Clarendon street. 
Albany street, opposite Water Works, pipe-yard. 
Mt. Washington avenue, near the drawbridge. 

East Boston. 
Maverick square. 
Central square. 
Bennington street, junction Chelsea street. 

South Boston. 

Foundry street, opposite First street. 

Fourth street, near Foundry street. 
" " junction Emerson street. 

" " corner of Q street. 

Telegraph Hill. 

Washington Village, junction Dorchester avenue and Dor- 
chester street. 

ROXBURY. 

Albany street, junction Dearborn street. 
Beacon street, junction Brookliue avenue. 
*Eli9t square. 
Eustis street, near Washington street. 

Those marked * are arranged for a continuous flow of water. The balanoe have auto- 
matic fixtures, operating the flow of water when required. 



Eeport of the "Water Board. 107 

Heath street, near Tremont street. 
Pyiichon street, near Roxbury street. 
Tremont street, junction Cabot street. 

West Eoxbury. 

Centre street, junction Day and Perkins streets. 
Centre and La Grange streets, West Roxbury village. 
Morton street, junction South street. 
Roslindale, Taft's Hotel. 
Washington, near Williams street. 

Dorchester. 

Commercial street, opposite Beach street. 
Neponset avenue, corner Walnut street. 
Upham's Corner, 
Glover's Corner. 
Grove H^l. 

Brighton. 
Barry's Corner. 

Market street. Cattle Fair Hotel. 
Union square. 
Western avenue, Charles-river Hotel. 



There are eighteen stand-pipes now located for street- 
sprinkling purposes as follows : — 

Tremont and Hammond park. 

Clay, corner Tiemont street. 

Eliot square. 

Brookline avenue, corner Longwood avenue. 

St. James street, corner Warren. 

Blue Hill avenue, between Waverley and Clifford streets. 

Warren street, corner Gaston. 

Egleston square, corner Walnut avenue. 

Dale street, corner Walnut avenue. 

Dudley street, opposite Harvard avenue. 

Upham's Corner. 

Field's Corner. 

Dorchester avenue, near Savin Hill avenue. 

Dorchester avenue, at old Boston line. 

Beach street, Harrison square. 

Union square, Brighton. 

Washington street, corner of Winship, Brighton. 

Chestnut Hill avenue, corner of South street. 



108 



City Document No. 79. 



statement showing the number and kind of water fixtures coniained within the 
premises of Water takers in the City of Boston, January 1, 1879, as com- 
pared with previous years. 



1876. 


1877. 


1878. 


Remarks. 


8,269 


8,386 


8,716 


Taps. These have no connection with any drain or sewer. 


77,111 


80,340 


81,842 


Sinks. 


39,764 


41,359 


43,044 


Wash-hand basins. 


13,690 


14,300 


15,121 


Bathing-tubs. 


22,703 


22,704 


24,956 


Pan water-closets. 


1,875 


1,038 


777 


Hopper-water closets. 


19,912 


20,680 


22,006 


" " automatic. 


557 


539 


619 


" , " waste. 


1,545 


1,433 


1,478 


Urinals. 


2,043 


2,307 


2,226 


" automatic. 


15,990 


16,608 


17,517 


Wash-tubs. These are permanently attached to the building. 


629 


598 


534 


Shower-baths 


286 


263 


237 


Private hydrants. 


830 


850 


853 


Slop-hoppers. 


110 


106 


125 


Foot-baths. 


205,314 


211,516 


220,051 





Respectfully submitted, 

Wm. F. DAVIS, 

Water Registrar 



EEPORT OF THE CLEEK. 



Office of the Boston Watee Board, 
Boston, May 1, 1879. 

Hon. Timothy T. Sawyer, 

Chairman of the Boston Water Board : — 

Sir, — The following is a statement of the receipts and ex- 
penditures of the Boston Water Board for the financial year 
ending April 30, 1879: — 

Eeceipts. 

On account of Cochituate Water Works , $1,080,479 57 

" " Additional Snpply of Water 9,874 21 

" Mystic Water Works . . 268,701 10 

" Mystic Sewer . . . 422 81 



Balance of loans unexpended 

April 30, 1878, Additional 

Supply of Water . . $94,856 72 
Mystic sewer . . . 124,290 57 
New loans. Additional Supply 

of Water .... 1)00,000 00 
Appropriation, Chestnut-Hill 

Driveway, 1878-79 . . 4,000 00 



$1,359,477 69 



823,147 29 



52,182,624 98 



Expenditures. 

Cnrrent expenses, Cochituate 

Water Works . . . $166,293 06 

Current expenses. Mystic 

Water Works . . . 72,308 20 

Extension of Cochituate 

Water Works . . . 62,438 70 



Amounts carried forward, %?,^l,<d^^ 96 $2,182,624 9,8 



110 City Document No. 79. 

Amounts hroughi forward, $301,039 96 $2,182,624 98 

Extension of Mystic Water 

Works .... 25,522 74 

Stock on account Cochituate 

Water Works not used . 8,322 59 

Stock on account Mystic 

Water Works not used . 7,915 63 

Interest on Cochituate water 

loans .... 617,378 20 

Interest on Mystic water loans, 68,027 50 

East Boston contract, account 

Cochituate AVater Works . 48,851 11 

Chelsea, Somerville, and Ev- 
erett contracts, account 
Mystic Water Works . 23,794 62 

Construction, Additional Sup- 
ply of Water . . . 635,658 08 

Construction, Mystic Sewer, 25,508 93 

Surplus Income to Cochit- 
uate Water Sinking Fund, 187,070 12 

Surplus Income to Mystic 

Water Sinking Fund . . 146,555 22 

Chestnut-Hill Driveway . 3,336 39 

Balance of appropriation 
Chestnut-Hill Driveway car- 
ried into the Treasury April 
30, 1879 .... 663 61 

$2,099,644 70 



$82,980 28 



April 30, 1879, Balance of 
Loans unexpended, Addi- 
tional Supply of Water . $59,198 64 

Mystic Sewer . . . 23,781 64 



$82,980 28 



Total Water Debt of the City of Boston. 

Cochituate, outstanding 

April 30, 1879 . . $11,753,273 98 

Mystic, outstanding April 

30, 1879 ... 1,153,000 00 

$12,906,273 98 



Kepoet of the Watee Boaed. 



Ill 



CocMtuate Water Debt. 

Outstanding, April 30, 

1878 .... $11,545,273 98 
Issued in 1878-79 . . 600,000 00 



Paid in 1878-79 



$12,145,273 98 
392,000 00 



.1,753,273 98 



Mystic Water Debt. 
Outstanding, April 30, 



1878 . 
Paid in 1878-79 



$1,228,000 00 

75,000 00 $1,153,000 00 



$12,906,273 98 



lotal Water Shiking Funds, April 30, 1879. 



Cochituate Water Sinking 

Fund . . . . $2,143,847 85 
Mystic Water Sinking Fund 252,380 48 



5,396,228 33 



Cost of Construction of the Cochituate Water Works to 
May 1, 1879. 



Cost of Water Works to January 1, 1850, 
as per final report of Water Commis- 
sioners ...... 

Extension to East Boston . 

Jamaica-pond aqueduct 

New dam at Lake Cochituate 

Raising Lake two feet, including damages 

Dudley pond, lower dam, and making con 
nections with lake .... 

New main from Brookline reservoir . 

Land and water rights and land damages 
since January 1, 1850 

New pipe-yard and repair-shop . 

Amount carried forward, 



1,998,051 83 

281,065 44 

13,237 50 

10,940 08 

28,002 18 

18,982 23 
304,991 83 

49,486 17 
25,666 51 

t,730,423 77 



112 



CiTr Document No. 79. 



Amount hrougJit forward^ 
Upper yard, ])uildings, etc. 
New water-pipes, East Boston . 
New main, East Boston 
Pumping-works at Lake Cochituate . 
High-service, stand-pipe, engine-hoase and 

engines ...... 

High-service, South Boston 
Chestnut-Hill reservoir, including land 
Parker-Hill reservoir 
Charles-river siphon .... 

Keeper's house, Parker Hill 
Temporary high-service, Brighton 
New stable at Chestnut-Hill reservoir 
Additional supply of water, including land 

damages and all expenses 
Cost of laying main-pipe since January 1 

1850 

Cost of laying main-pipe for extension in 

Roxbury, Dorchester, Brighton, and West 

Roxbury Districts . . . . . 



$4,730,423 77 

9,165 63 

20,999 43 

24,878 08 

15,000 00 

103,829 53 

27,860 29 

2,449,982 07 

228,246 17 

26,532 35 

2,764 90 

7,865 86 

8,103 55 

5,001,986 46 

1,644,522 72 

1,758,512 22 
$16,060,673 03 



Respectfully submitted, 

W. E. SWAN, 
Glerli, of the Boston Water Board. 



REPOET OF THE MYSTIC WATER REGISTRAR FOR 
THE TEAR 1878-9. 



Office of the Mystic Water Registrar, 
Boston, Charlestown District, 

May 1, 1879. 
Hon. Timothy T. Sawyer, 

Chairman Boston Water Board : — 

Sir, — The Annual Report of the Mystic Water Registrar, 
for the year ending April 30, 1879, is herewith respectfully 
submitted. 

The total number of water-takers now entered for the year 
1879 is 20,025, distributed as follows : Charlestown District, 
6,192 ; East Boston, 4,073 ; Chelsea, 4,590 ; Somerville, 
4,437 ; Everett, 733. 

The total amount of water rates received from May 1, 
1878, to May 1, 1879, is as follows : — 



Charlestown District 
East Boston " net " . 
Chelsea . . 
Somerville 
Everett . . 



There has been paid the cities 
of Chelsea, Somerville, and 
town of Everett, as per con- 
tract, the sum of . 

There has been received, for 
water used in previous years, 
the sum of . . . . 

Leaving the net receipts for 
water furnished during the 
year ..... 



$23,794 62 



11,832 24 



228,818 56 



$101,977 61 

48,851 11 

50,777 58 

55,372 57 

7,466 55 

$264,445 42 



$264,445 42 



Amount carried forward, 



,445 42 



114 



City Document No. 79. 



Amount brought forward, 

In aclditiou to the above 
amount, there has been re- 
ceived, for extra work on 
service-pipes, including ma- 
terial furnished, the sum of 

Fines, non-payment 

Fees for summons . 

Oif and on water . 

Maintaining meters 



Total amount received during the year 



$264,445 42 



$770 97 






380 


00 






277 


50 






113 


00 






145 


00 










1,686 


M 








the year 


$286,131 


89 



The expenses of the office during the year ending April 
30, 1879, including all charges for collection in Chelsea, 
Somerville, and Everett, was $6,198.24. 



Table showing the number of places turned off for non-payment of rates during the 
year, the number turned on again, and the number still remaining off. 



Charlestown District 

Chelsea 

Somerville 

Everett 

Total 



Number turned 
off. 



140 

185 

121 

17 



Number turned 
on. 



122 

116 

95 

10 



Nmnb e r r em ain- 
ing off. 



The places turned off for non-payment of rates in East 
Boston are included in the report of the Water Registrar of 
the Cochituate Water Department. 



Stand-pipes for Street Watering. 



The whole number in use in this department is 21, dis- 
tributed as follows : — 



Report of the Water Board. 



115 



Charlestoivn District. 

Cambridge street, near Stickney & Poor^'s factory. 

" " *' Railroad 

Monument square, near Laurel street. 

Chelsea. 
Gary square, corner Forsyth street. 

Somerville. 

Washington street, corner Boston street. 
" " " Myrtle street. 

" " near Union square. 



Summer 


" " Elm street. 


(( 


'< " Laurel street. 


Somerville avenue " Poplar street. 


( ( 


" *' Cambridge line. 


(C 


" " Merriam street. 


Broadway 


<< Franklin street. 


(( 


opposite Public park. 


School street. 


near Somerville avenue. 


Spring '< 


" Somerville avenue. 


Beacon " 


" Cooney street. 


Pinckney *' 


" Pearl street. 


Pearl 


*' Cross street. 


Thurston '* 


" Broadway. 



Highland avenue, corner Medford street. 



Drinking-Fothsttains . 

The whole number in use in the Mystic Department is 24, 
distributed as follows : — 

Charlestown District. 

City square, corner Park street. 
Chelsea street, corner Wapping street. 
Bunker Hill street, corner Tufts street. 
Canal " " South Elm street. 

Main '* " Hancock square. 

" '* near Tufts wharf. 

Austin " opposite Front street. 



Broadway square. 
Broadway, near bridge. 



Chelsea. 



116 



City Document No. 79. 



Winnisimmet street, near the Ferry. 
Pearl street, corner Marginal street. 
Eastern avenue. 

East Boston, 
Maverick square. 
Central square. 
Bennington street, junction Chelsea street. 

Somerville. 
Union square (2). 
Broadway, corner Walnut street. 
Highland avenue, corner Walnut street. 
Medford street " Central street. , 

Broadway Public Park. 
Davis square (2). 

Everett. 
Main street, junction Broadway. 

One of the fountains in Union square, one at the corner of 
Highland avenue and Walnut street, and one at Davis square, 
have automatic fixtures regulating the supply of water. The 
others are so arranged that the water flows continuously. 



Table showing the Number and Size of Meters, also the Number of Motors in 
the Mystic Water DejpaHmeni. 











Size 


OF Meters. 










1 inch. 


I inch. 


1 inch. 


1^ inch. 


2 inch. 


3 inch. 


4 inch. 


Motors. 


Total. 


Charlestown 
District . . 


37 




20 


1 


17 


3 


4 


2 


84 


East Boston 
Chelsea . . 


22 
17 




24 




5 


3 






54 


1 


9 


1 


5 


1 


.... 


1 


35 


Somei-ville . 


9 


2 


9 


2 


2 


.... 


1 


2 


27 






1 


3 


1 


2 








7 














Total . . . 


86 


4 


65 


5 


31 


7 


5 


6 


207 



Report of the Water Board. 



ii: 



CQ 



t§ 






(P 
















p 














ed . 


c^ 


CO 


ei 





rH 


rH 


"33 3 


oo 


rH 


us 


tX 


N 


C4 


S ° 




























s 














^ 














-1 


CO 


00 





o> 





lO 






« 


to 


to 






(M 


c^ 




N 




o> 














oi 














S3 o 


■* 


to 


t- 


cc 


to 




^2 


c^ 


It- 


>o 






-* 


*"• 










CO 


^cg 














s 


lO 


er) 




•<* 


<J> 




1 


o 


« 


M 


oc 







Til 




CO 




rH 


to_ 


•*:3 












r^ 


cc 














^ 




o 


C^ 





rH 





3 


>-* 


rH 


r^ 


rH 



















fl 














o 














■d 














mS rA 
















y^ 


« 


to 


,_( 


■* 


in 


0^ 


rH 





N 




(M 


fH 










IM 














w 














Is 














IN 


O 


o» 


t- 





CO 


3.2 


00 


rH 


>o 


(M 




o> 


3 ^ 














a o 














a 














-d 














3 m 














= 2 


-* 




(N 


« 


IM 


l« 


M 


■<i 




to 


r^ 




OJ o 

°<3 


o 


M 


C^ 


?H 




c^ 


























OQ 














aj 


o 


b* 


a 


CO 


u; 


05 




xr: 


Ol 




2 


e^ 




c- 


t— 









a 


oc 


IT 


•^ 


-* 




^f 


C3 












c^ 


f^ 














be . 














.S3 


►- CT 


rH >« r- 


CO 




rH C^ 


rH rH tc 


CO 


% a 




IT" 


t- »r 




















Tjl CO O CO 


to 












r-i 




































t 
















































e 
















c 


C 








' 




c 


: c 




_a 




s 

















J 


< 


< 


'i 


1 










E 










■5 




a 






^ 


: 


.= 


s c 


) t> 






i 


3 fi 


) c 


) a 


J fi 


i 





118 



City Document No. 79. 





•s 


in^jp^fH 


O N 00 tH 1- 
U3 C^ iH Tj< 


CO 






9;bau<i 




















Ol <0 (M to r- 


■i ■»# 








CO lo in o T- 








880H PUBJJ 


(N 


(M •« 1- 


- 








CO 05 (M (M « 


5 in 








CO t- r-l iH C 


> <M 


to 




sqnx-qsB^ 


to 1-1 -j1< lO 




«^ 


















1 






















O O o 


(M P 


S CO 








t- (N CO OJ 


CN 


^ 




•eiBnun 












(M 


•Ki 


















1 






































1-1 ■■# M CO 




'^ 




•sjgddoH 










: '^ 




-doig 














'■^ 


















%^ 


















<n 
















Vrs 






to 00 U 


rt r- 










Oi to to C^ 




.^ 




■oo^taoiny 




i-T 








Ri 


05 

m 
















eg 




S S g5 § ^ 


^ CO 

CO 




•SlSBjVi. 














e 


O 
















•«* 


h) 
















>< 


















•^ 




CO b- >H to 


• M 




< 






5 r1 lO CO 


. to 


•BjaddoH 














^ 
































e 






«o 


^ <S O t- 


in 






•SajiOB 


CO 


: "- s ^ 


» CO 

C5 




-JI98 


cT 




TjT 
























CO c 


CC 00 tz 


J to 






o c 


o a 


5 OC 


N 


s 




•UBJ 


eo tc 


w IM_ 


■* 


"h 






i-t 


r-T i-T 


tf 


^ 

^ 






















o> c 


> CO to 0( 


3 to 












< o CO a 


3 (N 




•eqnx-qirja 


t- »r 


S 00 <= 


C^ 


,53 












r-l 


CO 


^ 




































^ 






<s c^ 


CO CO c 


) o 




•snisBg 


en ^ 
to oc 


gi. §o ^ 


> cq 

< CO 


'e 




putiq-qsB^ 


IH 


f-T I-T 


o 


§ 


















•.■!^ 


















^ 






O 0- 


lo in o 


^ 








t- t' 


cq oD c 




"8 




•ejjmg 


in t- 
oT 1- 


" in in 


CO 


e 
















0<I 


CS 


















« 






i« c- 


o in c 


CO 


i-O 










iM e^ -0 


Oi 






•sdBj, 


"% "= 


00 rH e^ 


•* 


1 


















^ 




























































■Vi 




















&> 




















s 




















•«^ 




















§ 




















o 




















^ 




















•0 




















•^ 


























c 


c 


















& 


c 




a. 












1 


c 


c 


"> 




3 










PQ 


s 


u 

a 




o 








K 




"3 


o 










jq 


CO 


ja 


o 


> 










O 


W 


O 


OQ 


W 




II 



Keport of the Watee Board. 



119 



'j^ 



O 



'^ <S5 






^ 



<0 
































s 






























a 




























































> 






























0) 




»o 




- xrs 


■* 


to 


00 


to 




■^ 


o 


rH 




IN 


p^ 




o 


to 


(O 


Oi 


-* 


to 


<a 


o 


OT 


>ra 


to 


CO 


o 






o 


■^ 


i£5 


UtI 


o 


lO 


\o 


^ 


t— 


in 


e^ 


-^ 


-^ 






r-* 








^ 










c5 




O 








5 




lO 






d 








■* 




C^ 












M 


o 


lO 


M 






IH 








utT 






s 


























a 






























o 




























































O 
































O 


lO 


iffl 


CO 


■* 


CO 


o 


OD 


O 


to 


CO 


TlH 


I-H 




cr. 




IM 


»o 


-* 








lO 


t- 






s 








T) 


tc 




00_ 




"T. 


<M 


CO 


05 


"^ 


to 


c^ 




































ci: 


« 


C< 


o: 


r-T 


c< 


cT 


d 




T-H 


c 










CO 




^ 




o 


OO 


to 






O 




iH 


o 






o 








•^ 


o; 




tc 


'^ 






CO 






































c< 




c 










ci 


•* 








c^ 






« 






(N 


(M 
















o 


Total. 




"^ 




tH 


lO 


to 


~to 


rH 


~C0 


tH 


~C0 


rH 


tH 






Indicator. 










4 inch. 




iM 












• 




• 












3 inch. 




rH . 


N 








2 inch. 








^ 


Til 


-* 




1-1 


1-1 












IJ inch. 








r^ ■ 








1 inch. 








r-i 












IM 


^ 


i-l 






1 inch. 


















1 inch. 








■- 


c<> 


(M 


r-l 


N 














































m 






4< 


























m 






U 


























C3 






C 


























3 
















U 


u 
o 


>. 






> 










> 


a 


^ 








O 
> 


^ 


S3 
















> 


T 




























s 


c! 










03 


d 


s 


■J 


K 












1 


> 


1 








3 


e 


w 


tr 


fe 


e 






















d 
































O 
































tS 


















H 














rt 


















O 














o 


















s 














> ^ 
















s 








C 






■ '3 












: "g 




p 








[ Z. 






« 














6 
B 
a 




J 


I ( 




j 






. 3 




H5 








^ 


o 




1 1 
1 < 


3 1 
1 ? 


° 1 
3 




C 


I C9 


C 


13 

■ 1 












""I 




3 C 


5 1 


1 .^ 




( 


' 


e 


J 




i 


c 




s 
o 


j 


a 


5 % 


1 1 


3 « 




1 1 
^ O 


c 






> 


■ 1 


^ 1 

3 S 






5 

t: 


2 

3 t: 


2 ^ 


3 c 


3 g 

i 1 


:j 


3 1 




a 


1 


3 ^ 


3 1 


i 
3 






P 


3 'i 

3 t 


3 J 
3 a 


1 1 


5 H 


g 


5 o 


C 


. ^ 


^ 


t h- 


j ^ 


3 





120 



City Document No. 79. 



CD CO CO (M CO CD 



(N CO 0> CD 



i-H i-H e^ 



i-l •* t- 



Ti^ 00 CO CO 



rH T-i ^ 



Indicator. 



4 inch. 



3 inch. 



1 inch. 



inch. 



f inch. 



^ s 



O fQ C! 02 P>H 



02 W CQ h 



W S 



•^ O S ij 



O H W i-s Eh H 



o 



CJ J^ OQ <j 



P-H 2 



ft M a 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 121 























(M 


^ 


^ 






















Ol 


IN 


O 


•* 


(N 


Ol 












00 












■* 




IM 




<N 


<N 




OD 










t^ 








Tj< 


(M 


t^ 




^ 


f^ 




^ 




^^ 








I-l 


y 




M 


IM 


(M 


CO 


O 






C^ 




y 




rH 


o> 


^ 


Ol 


>o 


CO 


U5 


in 


4& 



CO'^^COOOCOOOl-ICOCOOlCierHCOCOOOOi-ltOCOCOCO 
COiOt-Oib-'^r-lTfOiiOCOlr-TjfOO^OSOOSCOtMiOt- 

mC0C0"^OOin>C^C0OCJ01t^O-«*cnlC-e0i-'':i<(Mi-( 
''a'eOiHiHF-lr-tW i-tOc0OO"^C0i-HC0C<1»-iC^C^ 



O CD 



o 


^ 






m 


<Ji 


>. 




H 


M 






^ 


m 



. 


O 


00 


i4 






-i 




H 


•^ 


[3 


^ 






0Ofe:3^P^fe<=lp;aS^fi^H&M0»? 



"i^ 



122 



City Docctment No. 79. 




CO CI CO 00 o o 



OO t- 1- rH C-l Ol 
CO (M K) C^ CO C5 



00 l-( iH CO 



Total. 



tH rl I-. N 



Indicator. 



3 inch. 



2 inch. 



li inch. 



1 inch. 



™ O t. O K- 

^ yA o a > 



1^ ^ W O J ^ 



"s 



^ a 



n 


^ 


^ 


>H 


Eh 


> 


^ 


a 


1-5 



C3 c^ 



a "::: 



IJ 


f1 


F 


n 


<1 


< 


o 


^H 


«tH 



M >-l .-^ AJ ^ -i^ .■^ 

t3 P a Q 03 o W 



Report of the Water Board. 



123 



\a 


n 


in 


o 


M 


o> 


^ 


o 


Tfl 


^ 


^ 




m 






^ 




















CO 












o 


^ 


o 


CO 


(M 


CO 




to 








r-( 




to 






o 


o 


CO 


CO 


t- 


00 


00 


■* 


o 


IM 






^ 


p^ 










CO 


00 






















CO 






CO 












































CO 
















(M 


CO 














































^ 




















































































































































































































































































CD 










































































































































1-1 





00 


Ttl 


rr, 


ta 


>n 


U3 


00 


CO 


CO 


to 


CO 


o 


(>> 


O 


CO 


^ 


ro 




^ 




^ 


^ 
















































■* 








Ol 


a> 


C^ 


I-l 


r-l 


to 


CO 


CO 




CO 


















(M 














































































































































■>* 


T-t 


(M 


iH 


IM 




IN 




<o 






IH 


rs" 




C<l 


iH 


rH 








i-T 


l-H 



OfePQ|i(pt(QD<|02h 



f -S 



r. fi ^ 



n 0* H 



O K 



.■2 a ^ 



^ =8 <1 



fe 



HfeWH;>^h:iMP 



P O 



^ 


o 


^ 




K 


,Q 






•-5 


M 



3 o 

M ^ ^ 

a is o 



« cs 5 es a 



124 



City Document No. 79. 




■<* CO <M to 



CO to OJ U5 00 rH 



OS CD tH CO 





























M 



CO to 00 CO 



Total. 



N r-4 rH CO i-H 



tN i-H T-H i-( (M iH 



Indicator. 



4 inch. 



3 inch. 



li inch. 



1 inch. 



: inch. 



inch. 



-g = 

K 



a |i< 



b OQ M 02 DQ 



"J^ 



a o 



o H 



o 


c 


. 


*! 


o 






^H 


00 








o 


s 




c 


a 


tn 


o 


a 






M 


a 


CQ 


H 


<3 



fi .| I hS I I I W 

SPnOt-sCCppi-J 



Report or the Water Board. 



125 



■^< 


■* 


CO 


OJ 


th 


OT 


•* 


Ol 



'rr CO CO CO 





O 










lO 


o 






r-t 


CO 



C -w iJ iJ '^ 

i 'ca ^ Is '3 
O Ph DQ O M 



O W 



o S 



3 ^ iv 



H M 



S0Qpi<CQWMP-lCQ 



<1 P H O 



126 



City Document No. 79. 



Statement showing the amount of water-rates received 
since the introduction of Mystic-pond water, November 29, 
1864: — 



Charlestown District, 



v^ 



1865 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1872 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
May 1, 1879 



$27,079 10 

47,323 16 

60,188 83 

68,815 32 

74,369 81 

82,230 79 

84,318 71 

98,445 91 

99,470 66 

111,420 30 

118,568 00 

116,271 17 

109,963 25 

104,174 76 

73,061 32 



East Boston, 


net, 




1870 . . . 


39,870 22 


J.,^l<^,IUJ. <J^/ 






" 




1871 . . . 


45,022 98 








<( 




1872 . . . 


49,574 38 








<< 




1873 . . . 


63,488 41 








<i 




1874 . . . 


53,654 08 








<< 




1875, 10 mos 


49,153 73 








(( 




1876 . . . 


50,228 04 








(( 




1877 . . . 


46,982 40 








<< 


May 1 


1878 . . . 

1879 . . . 


48,553 33 
39,270 33 














475,797 90 






Chelsea, 


net, 




1868, 6 mos. 


3,087 88 




<< 








1868-69 . 
1869-70 . 


16,615 92 
22,179 41 




<( 








1870-71 . 


25,871 17 




<i 








1871-72 . 


31,535 62 




<< 








1872-73 . 
1873-74 . 


34,067 65 
36,118 61 




(( 








1874-75 . 


. 39,886 61 




<( 








1875-76 . 


. 40,060 54 












1876-77 . 
1877-78 . 


39,425 33 
39,147 60 




<< 






May 1 


, 1879 


. 89,039 11 














367,035 45 






Somerville, 


net. 




1869 . . 


5,586 73 






t ( 




1870 . . 

1871 . . 


. 11,211 40 
. 17,023 74 






(< 




1872 . . 


. 21,220 11 






" 




1873 . . 


25,698 11 






(( 




1874 . . 


. 30,494 48 






<( 




1875 . . 


38,038 70 








< 


< 




1876 . . 


39,320 47 





Amounts carried forward, 



$188,593 74 $2,118,534 44 



Report of the Water Board. 



127 



Amour 
Somerville 


is brought forward, 

net 1877 . . . 

1878 . . . 

May 1, 1879 . . . 

net, 1872-73 . 
1873-74 . 

1874-75 . 
1875-76 . 
1876-77*. . 
1877-78 . 
May 1, 1879 . . 

aggregate amount to May 1, 187 
Respectfully, 


$188,592 74 
39,411 22 
41,648 79 
37,253 39 


$2,118,534 44 
306,907 14 

33,559 22 


Everett, 


3,062 83 
3,710 96 
3,975 95 
4,982 52 
5,566 12 
6,291 70 
5,969 14 




3 . . . . 


The 


$2,459,000 80 



JOSEPH H. CALDWELL, 

Mystic Water Registrar. 



EEPOET OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE 
WESTERN DIYISION. 



Office Western Division, 

Boston Water Works, 
C. H. Ees. May 1, 1879. 

Hon. Timothy T. Sawyer, Chairman Boston Water 
Board : — 

. Sir, — In compliance with the rules of the Board, I sub- 
mit herewith the annual report of this department for the 
past official year. 

Lake Cochituate. 

On May 1,1878, the lake stood at elevation 134.10, 3 
inches below high-water mark. 

The surface was kept very nearly at this height during the 
whole year, by means of the connection with the Sudbury 
supply. 

About three and a quarter billion gallons were received 
from this source. 

The lowest point reached was on October 12, at which 
date the water stood at 131.73. It is now 133.78. 

Waste over the dam was begun Nov, 22, and continued 
uutil Dec. 31, when the stop planks were put in. The 
depth of flow over the weir varied from 6 to 16 inches. On 
March 1 waste was again commenced and still continues. 

It will be seen from the above that the surface of the lake 
has been kept higher than for a number of years past. 

The meadows in consequence have been well covered, and 
the water has kept fully up to its old standard of purity. 

No new works have been built at the lake during the year. 
The structures have been kept in repair and are nearly all in 
good order. Willow bridge will have to be rebuilt this season. 

Dudley Pond. ■ 
No water has been drawn from this pond during the year. 

Dug Pond 

has furnished us with no water worth mentioning. 



Kepoet of the Water Board. 129 



The Cochituate Aqueduct. 

Ou May 1, 1878, we were running this aqueduct under a 
head of nearly 2 feet. The water was kept over the arch 
at elevation 129.00, and was so maintained until December 
1, when the surface was lowered to 128.00, and on March 
16 another foot was taken off, so that the aqueduct is no 
longer run under a head to maintain the supply. One exam- 
ination only has been made of the interior. On June 11 the 
water was driiwn off and a number of engineering parties 
sent through. The general condition of the brick-work was 
found to be unchanged. 

The portion on the high embankment at Newton Lower 
Falls, which I examined personally, was in much better con- 
dition than expected, and showed no great changes. 

In addition to the engineering examination, a number of 
parties of laborers were sent through and the brick-work 
cleaned as thoroughly as possible. 



South Framingham, June 17, 1878. 

Mr. Desmond FitzGerald : — 

Dear Sir, — At your request I have examined the conduit 
from Lake Cochituate to Dedman's brook, and have to report 
as follows : — 

The most noticeable change is at Stations 1 and 30, where 
there are two springs larger than any I have seen in the 
conduit. I was unable to determine whether they were 
throwing sand or not, on account of the large amount of 
sand in the vicinity. My impression was that they did not 
throw sand. With the exception of this place, the conduit 
is in as good condition as I have ever seen it. Some work- 
men were scraping the sides near the gate-house. I noticed 
after passing them that the vegetable growth had increased, 
and that it extended, although diminishing, nearly a mile 
from the gate-house. There were 3 or 4 inches of sand 
near the gate-house, and below the springs between Stations 
7 and 8 ; with these exceptions, the sand was uniformly about 
one inch deep to Station 35. 

Enclosed you will find a copy of notes taken, which 
include the measurements you desired. 

Respectfully yours, 

F. P. STEARNS. 



130 



CiTx Docujvient No. 79. 



Examination of Cochituate Conduit from the Lake to Dedman's 
Brook, June 11, 1878. 



Stations. 


Heights. 


Widths. 


Remarks. 








Entered conduit at 9 A.M. 





6.21 


5.09 




1 


6.20 


5.03 




1 + 30. . . 


6.17 


5.01 


Two very large springs, about three feet apart. 
There is a crack in the bottom ar|,d a very small 
one in the top. The bricks have settled at the 
second spring. 


1 + 75 . . . 


6.12 


5.06 


Spring in bottom, and small springs in side. 


2 


6.15 


5.05 




3 + 20 . . . 






Spring left side of invert ; no sand. 


6 


6.25 


5.01 


6 + 75. . . 


6.20 


5.11 




7 . . . . 


6.21 


5.09 




7 + 13. . . 


6.12 


5.14 




7 + 161 .-j 








7 + 18J . I 
7 + 27. . J 






Three large springs, with sand belOw. They seem to 
have about the usual amount offorcejcrackin top . 






7+25. . . 


6.05 


5.25 




8 + 05. . . 


6.24 


5.08 




12 


6.28 


5.06 




15 


6.29 


4.93 




17 + 30 . . . 






Spring; no sand. 


17 + 50. . . 


6.27 


5.14 


17 + 80 . . . 


6.42 


4.98 


Conduit very much distorted. 


23 + 75 . . . 






Large spring; no sand. 


25 


6.11 


5.07 


25 + 05^ . . 


5.92 


5.07 


Taken where the height was least. 


26 


6.24 


5.07 




40 


6.27 


5.03 




56 + 25 . . . 






Spring right side of invert; no sand. 


66 


6.21 


5.19 


66 + 20. . . 


6.19 


5.10 


1 " stream of water coming in at right side ; a little 
sand below. 


71+40. . . 


6.21 


5.06 




71 to 73 . . . 






A large number of springs enter at the sides be- 
tween these stations, but they do not bring sand. 








74 + 28. . . 


6.19 


5.13 


Large spring; no sand. 


74 + 70. . . 


6.20 


5.14 


Spring in bottom; no sand. 


87+75. . . 






Spring right side of invert; no sand. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 131 

Examination of Cochituate Conduit. — Continued. 



Stations. 


Heights. 


Widths. 


Remarks. 


95 + 76 . . 
95 + 90. . 






Springs in invert; no sand. 
Sand, a few inches deep. 

No crack to be found near the waste weir. 


96 + 70. . 

97 + 25. . J 
97 + 50 to 98 

116 + 20. . . 
122 + 20. . . 

141 

141 + 50. . . 

142 

143 

154 + 50. . . 
155 






6.52 
6.31 
6.37 
6.31 
6.32 
6.33 
6.32 
6.37 


5.07 
5.42 
5.06 
5.16 
5.17 
5.04 
5.09 
5.12 



Arrived at Dedman's Brook at 2 P.M. 
Time in conduit, 4 hours 10 minutes. 



Report of Examination of Cochituate Conduct from Ded- 
man^s-Brook Waste Weir to Grantville Waste Weir, on 
June 11, 1878, by F. D. Fisher. 

Began examination at Dedman's brook waste weir at 8.40 
o'clock A.M. 

station. 

155 -f- 95 to 156 -\- 25. — Fine crack in top of arch. 
157 to 157 -f- 75. — Fine crack in top of arch. 

157 + 30 to 158. — Fine crack in invert, left side. 

158 4" 1^ to 15b -\- 30. — Fine crack in top of conduit — 
part of way two cracks. 

167 + 10. — (Size, 6.33 x 5.20.) Fine crack in top, left 

side. 
From 158 to 167 the conduit is very clean and free from 

cracks. 
167 + 90. — Fine crack in top of conduit. 

168. — (Size, 635 X 5.15.) 

169. — (6.28 X 5.10.) Crack in top begins. 



132 City Document No. 79. 

168 to 169. — A good many roots growing through top of 
arch, some hanging down almost to the invert. 

170. — Crack in top continues, has been pointed at some 
time, and has opened again. 

170 + 25. — (About.) Crack in top ends. 

171 4" 50 to 172. — Old crack in top has started in places 
since it was pointed. 

172.— (Size, 6.30 X 5.25.) 

173. _ (Size, 6.33 x 5.12.) Fine crack in top. 

173 to 173 4" 65. — l^-inch crack in right side of invert 
(was sometime pointed) — long roots in roof all the 
way. 

174. _ (Size, 6.-20 X 5.30.) 

174 to 174 -\- 25. — Crack nearly |-inch in roof right side. 

Smaller crack in right side of invert. 

174 to 175. — Fine cracks and small roots in top most of way. 

175. — Size, 627 x 521. . 

175 to nearly 179. — Conduit in good condition. 

179. — Size, 6.30 X 5.11 ; large crack in top, nearly |^-inch in 
places. 

180. — Size, 6.36x 5.08 ; large crack in top continues. 

180 to 181. — Fine crack in top. Large root in top about 
180 + 50, right side. 

181. — Size, 6.37x5.10. 

182. — A few roots in top, each side of manhole. 

182 -f" 50 to 183. — l^-inch crack in top right side; crack 
-ends at 183 + 35 (fine). 

183. — Size, 6.34x5.07. 

183 to 207. — Condition of conduit is very good. 

Manhole to 208. — Crack in top, varying from fine to ^-inch. 

207.— Size, 6.31 X 5.05. 

208. — Size, 6.33 x 5.12. 

208 to 240. — Conduit in good condition. 

240 + 50 to 241 + 20. — Fine crack in top. 

246. — Fine crack in top for few feet each side of station. 

246.— Size, 6.30x5.15. 

246 to 247. — Old pointing has not started open. 

247 + 30 to 247 + 80. — Large crack in top, right side, 

over l^-inch. 

247 + 50. — Size, 6.28 X 5.15. 

248 + 30 to 248 + 70. — Crack in top, left side. 

253 to 253 + 70. — Crack in top, roots each side of manhole. 

254 + 25 to 255. — Crack in top. 

254. — Size, 6.23 X 5.22. 

255. — Size, 6.35 X 5.05. 

254. — At manhole, 6 inches of sand and long roots in top 
and bottom. 



Report of the Water Board. 133 

255 to 255 -\- 50. — Large crack in top. 

256. — Size, 6.35x5.07. 

From 259. — About 30 feet eastward, small crack in top. 

267 + 20. — Considerable dripping from roof. 

283 4- 64 to 284. — Crack in top. 

284 -|- 70 to 285 + 50. — i-inch crack in top. 

294 + 20. — Large spring in invert ; 8 inches of water in con- 
duit, spring throws the water 4 or 5 inches above it. 

297. —Size, 6.21 X5.10. 

297 -f- 83. — Large spring on left side. 
297 -f 95. — Smaller " " " " 

298. — Large spring in middle of invert (size 6.33 X 5.08). 
298+05. — Smaller spring. 

Division II. 

12-f60. — Size, 6.17 X 5.12. 

12 -|- 65. — Large spring in bottom. 
13. — Size, 6.20X5.20. 

13 _|_ 55. _ Size, 6.09 X 5.22. 

13 -f" 58. — Large spring bringing in a large quantity of sand 
(sand 6 inches deep at 13 -f- 58 ; 1 inch deep at 14). 

13 to 13 + 85. — ^-inch crack in top of conduit ; l-inch part 
of way. 

13 + 55 to 13 + 75. — i-inch crack in bottom, left side, 
full of spring's throwing up sand. 

16. — Size, 6.13^X5.19. 

16 to 16 + 35. — l^-inch crack in top. 
16+ 50. — Size, 6.25 X 5.11. 

17. — Size, 6.20 X 5.08. 

17 + 50. — Size, 6.20 X 5.07. 

17 + 65. — Large spring on left of invert , bringing in con- 
siderable sand. 

17 + 65 to 18. — An old crack (^ to ^ inch) in roof. 

18. — Size, 6.20x5.13. 

18 + 50.— Size, 6.19 X 5.17. 

18 + 75. — Old crack in roof ends here. 

30. *— Considerable water coming in at manhole, and some 

gravel in conduit. 
30 + 25. — Size, 6.88 X 5.10. 
42 + 50. — Near here — small crack in roof. 

Terminated examination at Grantville Waste Weir at 3 
o'clock, P.M. 

F. D. FISHER. 



134 



City Document No. 79. 



Examination by D. Fitzgerald, from Station 100 to West 
8yphon Chamber, June 11, 1878. 

102. — 6.35X5.03. 
103. — 6.34X5.06. 
104.-6.347x5.06. 

105. — 6.29 X 5.08. — Height taken on cement on bottom, 
-f- 50. — Crack 10 feet long, l-inch, worst place. 

106. — 6.28 X 5.07. 

107. —6.18 X 5.20. — Old crack — left of centre, fine. 

6.03 X 5.30. — Worst place between 107 and 108. 

108. — 6.03 X 5.46. — From this station crack runs to cen- 
tre ; crack on bottom. 

108 4- 60.-6.11 X 5.34. 

109. — 6.13 X 5.30. — Crack still continues. 

109 +03. — Cement soft on north side. 
109 + 80. —Crack ends. 
110.-6.33+ 5.00. 

Examination of Cochituate Conduit, June 11, 1878, hy Osgood Hodges, 
Assistant Engineer. 



station. 


Size. 


Remarks. 


125 


6.33 X 5.05 

6.34 X 5.00 
6.34 X 6.03 

X5.05 
6.36 X 5.04 

6.36 X 5.06 
6.34 X 5.05 

6.37 X 5.06 

6.34 X 5.09 


Entered east Pipe Chamber at 8.45, A.M. 


130 




135 




137 + 20 — 137 + 50 . 
140 


Very sandy on bottom. 


145 




1!J0 




155 




160 




160 + 15 — 160 + 50 . 
165 


Both sides of manhole cracked. 


169 + 30 — 170 ... 


Slight crack. 


170 


6.37 X 5.01 
6.33 X 5.04 


175 




175 to 175 + 40 ... 


Slight crack ; roots. 
Slight crack in top. 


179 + 25 — 179 + 60 . 





Report of the Water Board. 



135 



Examination of Cochituate Conduit. — Continued. 



Station. 



180 

183 + 50 

185 

190 

193 + 40 ...... 

195 

195 + 25 — 196 + 65 . 

196 + 50 

197 

197 + 50 

197 + 60 

200 

205 

205 — 206 

210 

215 

216 + 25 — 217 + 25 . 

217 

220 

221 + 30 — 222 + 05 , 

221 

222 

223 

224 

225 

223 + 60 — 225 + 30 . 
226 + 75 — 228 + 25 . 

227 , 

230 , 

232 — 234 , 

233 + 50 

235 

240 

243 — 244 

243 

243 + 75 

244 



Size. 



6.36 X 4.9 



6.33 X 5.09 
6.33 X 5.05 



6.37 X 5.01 



6.32 X 5.09 
6.37 X 4.98 
6.35 X 5.06 



6.33 X 4.98 
6.35 X 5.01 



6.30 X 5.02 
6.33 X 5.02 



6.31 X 5.02 
6.29 X 5.08 



6.30 X 5.03 
6.30 X 5.12 

6.29 X 4.98 

6.30 X 5.03 
6.32 X 5.10 



6.30 X 5.04 
X6.02 



6.28 X 5.11 
6.32 X 5.07 
6.30 X 5.05 



6.28 X 5.07 



Remarks- 



Manhole cracked on west side. 



Crack in right side of upper arch, about 3' long, 
onally to corners, which needs pointing. 



Slight crack in top. 



Slight crack in top and manhole. 



Sand. 



Crack in top. 



Slight crack in top. 



X 5.00 



Crack in top. 
Crack in top. 

Manhole. 

Crack in top, which has been repointed and not 
opened again. 



Several bad cracks ; the repointing has not opened. 

Roots. 
Manhole. 



136 



City Document No. 79. 



Examination of Cochiiuate Conduit. — Continued. 



Station. 



245 

247 + 40 — 248 . . , 

250 , 

253 -f 35 — 254 + 50 , 

253 + 50 , 

254 

255 

260 , 

263 + 60 — + 15. 

263 + 50 

264 

+ 90 — 2 + 75. . 

1 

2 

5 

6+75 — 7 .... 



Size. 



6.31 X 5.06 



6.32 X 5.07 



6.31 X 5.08 

6.28 X 5.14 

6.37 X §.04 

X 5.08 



6.31 X 5.04 
6.31 X 5.07 



6.29 X 5.07 

6.30 X 5.07 
6.38 X 5.00 



Remarks. 



Slight crack in top. 



Bad crack. 



Large crack in top. 



Large crack in top. 



Slight crack in top. 

Arrived at Kewton Centre Waste Weir at 12.10, P.M. 



June 12, 1878. 
Desmond FitzGerald, Esq., 

Supt. Western Division Boston Water Worhs: — 

Dear Sir, — At your request I yesterday examined the 
Cochituate Conduit from the Newton Centre Waste Weir to 
the Intermediate Gate-house at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 
The following notes show the changes and present condition 
of the portion examined : — 



station. 


Size. 


Remarks. 


12 


6.35 X 5.03 
6.30 X 5.06 

6.26 X 5.05 

6.27 X 5.03 
6.27 X 5.07 


Entered Conduit at 9.30, A.M., June 11, 1878 


15 




20 




22 




25 





Eeport of the Water Board. 



137 



station. 



27 + 50 
30. . . 
30 + 10 
35. . . 
37 + 50 
40. . . 
45. . . 

49 + 44 

50. . . 

50 + 75 

51. . . 

52. . . 
85. . . 
87. . . 
90. . . 
90 + 60 

92. . . 

93. . . 

94. . . 
98 + 28 
100 . . 



105 
110 
116 
121 
123 
125 



Size. 



6.34 X 5.03 



6.27 X 4.9 



6.32 X 5.06 
6.31 X 5.00 



6.28 X 5.11 
6.23 X 5.18 
6.23 X 5.12 
6.23 X 5.17 
6.30 X 6.03 
6.26 X 5.12 
6.33 X 5.00 
6.32 X 5.05 
6.32 X 5.05 
6.28 X 5.10 
6.30 X 5.07 



6.34 X 6.03 
6.34 X 5.03 
6.30 X 5.08 

6.33 X 5.14 

6.34 X 6.25 
6.28 X 5.10 
6.18 X 5.18 



Remarks. 



Small crack in top, 5 feet long. 



Small stream on left side, near bottom; considerable 
force. 



Spring from between bricks, same as before reported. 



Small crack, 49 + 44 to 49 + 61. 

The cracks between 50 and 52 are about the same. 
I should think they had started a little. 
3" to 9" of mud in tunnel. 



Reached ventilator at 12, M., and reentered conduit 
at 12.10, P.M. 



Small crack on left side. 



The cracks between here and the gate-house have 
been pointed, and show no signs of change. 



Dexter Brackett, 

Assistant Engineer. 



138 City Document No. 79. 



SUDBUEY-KlVER AQUEDUCT. 

This aqueduct was placed under my charge on Feb. 10th. 
A number of examinations have been made of the interior, 
and it has been found in excellent condition. The exterior 
is also in good order, considering the work has been so re- 
cently completed. Necessary repairs to the embankments, 
sodding, etc., are now making. A proper store-house 
should be built about midway of the line for storage of tools 
and materials required in maintenance. 

By the completion of this aqueduct the Cochituate aque- 
duct has been relieved of pressure at its upper end. 

Che8tnut-Hill Eeservoir. 

A number of improvements have been made to the 
grounds and driveways of this reservoir during the past 
year. Some unsightly places have been graded, sown and 
planted. A capacious stone stable has been built in place of 
the temporary structure in which the horses have been kept 
hitherto. The stable was built by contract out of stone 
lying on the surrounding ground. It is a substantial struct- 
ure in every respect. A cellar under the whole building 
allows manure to be made at a minimum cost, which is ap- 
plied to the grass. The grounds disturbed by the con- 
struction of the additional supply have been put in good 
order. The construction of the terminal chamber was begun 
Aug. 26th, and completed in February. The intersection 
chamber connecting the two aqueducts, the Sudbury and 
Cochituate, was begun Aug. 15th and completed Sept. 20th. 
The masonry was thoroughly laid. 

During the nights of Dec. 25th and 26th we were 
troubled with a large accumulation of anchor-ice, but for- 
tunately the city was not deprived of water ; the only actual 
damage done was to the circular screens in the effluent gate- 
house. Meteorological observations, together with observa- 
tions on the evaporation from water and snow surfaces, have 
been kept, and the results sent to the City Engineer. The 
gate-houses and other structures are all in good order. 



Repoet of the Water Board. 



139 



Table showing Rainfall at Chestnut- Hill Reservoir for 1878. 







o . 






«: 


o . 






o 

1 


II 


Duration. 




a 




Duration. 


Jan. 2 


) 




10.30 p.m. 


April 4 






7 p.m." 




.01 


Snow 


to 




{ .16 


Rain 


to 


" 3 


) 




2..30 a.m. 


'• 5 


) 




7.30 a.m. 

( 9 a.m. the 5th to 4.45 
1 p.m. the 6th. 


" 4 


.63 


** 


11.30 a.m. to 3 p.m. 


" 6 


.22 


** 
















j 6 p.m. the 6th, to 2 


" 10 






2.50 p.m. 


" 7 


.18 


'* 


( p.m. the 7tli. 




2.27 


Rain 


to 








" 11 






11.45 p.m. 


" 11 


(.85 


<. 


5.30 p.m. 
to 


" 14 


1.02 


" 


3 a.m. to 4.15 p.m. 


" 12 


s 




4.30 p.m. 


" 20 






6.40 p.m. 


" 22 


J 




9p.m. 




.70 


•< 


to 




i .43 


" 


to 


.. 21 






7.30 a.m. 


" 23 


^ 




Ip.m, 


" 23 


.12 


" 


3 to 8.15 a.m. 


" 24 


.01 


" 




" 26 


.88 


" 


4 a.m. to 3.46 p.m. 


" 25 


jl.ll 


,, 


5 p.m. 
to 


•• 27 


j.34 


„ 


9.30 p.m. 
to 


" 26 


) 




2.45 p.m. 


" 28 


) 




11 a.m. 


" 2T 


|l.48 


„ 


9.30 a.m. 
to 


" 31 


3.00 


Snow 


4p.m., to 5 p.m. Feb. 1. 


" 28 
" 29 


) 

t .09 




8 a.m. 29th. 
1.15 to 2 p.m., 4.30 p.m. 










Total . 


8.97 






" 30 


|l.29 


" 


to 10.30 a.m., 7.15 p.m. 










( .13 




to 1 a.m., May 1. 




1 




Feb. 8 


' .55 


Rain 


8.30 p.m. 

to 
12.30 p.m. 


Total . 


5.95 






" 9 
















May 5 


.05 


Rain 


Showers in p.m. 


" 10 


.42 


Snow 


3 a.m. to 3.30 p.m. 


" 20 


.04 


„ 


8.45 a.m. to 4 p.m. 


" 17 


.20 


" 


6.40 to 10 p.m. 


" 21 


.02 


„ 


4 to 6.30 a.m. 


" %\ 


.09 


Rain 


12.45 to 4.15 p.m. 
















8.40 p.m. 21st 


" 26 


.06 


" 


10.10 to 11.45 a.m. 


" 22 


2.70 


.. 


to 


" 30 


) 




8.15 a.m. 


'• 23 






4 a.m. 


" 31 


1 .62 


" 


to 
4.15 p.m. 




3.96 








Total . 


Total . 


.79 






Mar. 2 






10.30 p.m. 


June 8 


) 




2.30 p.m. 




j .55 


Rain 


to 




.51 


Rain 


to 


" 3 






11.30 a.m. 


" 9 


) 




3 a.m. 


" 11 


.07 


" 


7 to 12 p.m. 


" 10 


.20 




7.10 a.m. to 4 p.m. 


" 12 


1.73 


•1 


I 1 p.m. to 10.30 a.m. 
I the 13tli. 


" 12 


.04 




1.05 to 2 p.m. 


" 13 


.05 




10 p.m. to 1 a.m. the 


" 13 


I .06 




Showers in p.m. 




( 14th. 


1 .02 




3.40 to 4.30 p.m. 


" 14 


j .03 


Snow 


11 p.m. 
to 


" 17 


.23 




8 a.m to 12.15 p.m. 


" 15 


i 




2 a.m. 


" 18 


.03 




10 a.m to 12.10 p.m. 


« 17 


J 1.87 


Rain 


2.15 p.m. 
to 


" 22 


.99 




12.10 to 4.45 p.m. 


" 18 


) 




3.30 p.m. 


" 23 


.07 




3.15 to 4 p.m. 


" 24 


.08 


" 


12.10 to 3 p.m. 


" 24 


1 .09 




Showers 6.05 p.m to 


" 28 


1 .55 


„ 


1p.m. 
to 


" 25 


) 




7.15 a.m. 


" 29 


] 




10.30 a.m. 


" 27 


.02 




9.30 to 10 p.m. 


Total . 


4.93 






Total . 


2.26 











140 City Document No. 79. 

Rainfall at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. — Continued. 



July 9 

" 10 

•• 12 

" 18 

" 21 

" 27 

" 30 

" 31 



Total 



1.23 
•17 

.02 
.02 
.40 
.17 

^1.33 



3.34 



Rain 



Aug. 



Total 



2 


.20 


4 


.45 


6 


.52 


7 


.10 


8 


1.38 


9 


1.18 


11 


.02 


16 
17 


1 .26 


18 


.31 


22 


.11 


25 


1 .36 


1 . 


5.03 



Rain 



Duration. 



2.30 to 5.30 p.m. 

5.10 to 6.10 p.m. 

Showers. 

1.30 to 4 a.m. 

4.15 to 5.45 p.m. 

2 to 10.30 a.m. 

2.30 a.m. 

to 
9.15 a.m. 



2.45 to 6 p.m. 

2.45 to 8 p.m. 

3.20 to 7.15 p.m. 

4.10 to 4.50 p.m. 

10.20 p.m. to 2.30 a.m. 

5.40 to 10 p.m. 

4.15 to 5 p.m. 

4.30 p.m. 
to 

3 a.m. 

4 to 6.30 a.m. 

2 to 7.30 a.m. 

5 to 8.30 a.m. 
12.10 to 2.30 p.m. 



Sept. 1 


.10 


Rain 


" 2 


.28 


" 


" 4 


• 




« 6 


■ .49 


" 


" 6 


. 




" 7 


.06 


" 


" 11 
" 12 


\ .40 


" 


" 13 


(1.01 
\ .01 


<• 


'• 26 


.18 


" 


Total . 


2.53 





8.45 to 10 a.m. 

4.45 to 5.30 p.m. 

5 a.m. 

to 

6.30 a.m. 

8.15 a.m. to 1.15 p.m. 

6.20 p.m. 

to 
3.40 p.m. 

2.30 to 5 a.m. 
Showers in p.m. 

5 to 7.15 p.m. 



Oct. 8 

'• 9 

" 12 

" 13 

" 19 

<' 23 

" 24 

" 30 

" 31 



Total . 5.29 



Nov, 



Total , 



Dec, 



Total . 4.76 



.02 
.25 

2.67 

.05 

1.78 

.52 



7.29 



Rain 



Duration. 



Showers in a.m. 

7 to 8.15 p.m. 

6.15 a.m. 

to 
1 a.m. 

4 to 5 a.m. 

10.45 a.m. 

to 
3 a.m. 

7.20 a.m. 

to 
6.30 a.m. 



Snow 
Rain 



11.20 to 12 p.m. 
5 to 7.45 a.m. 

8 p.m. 
to 

5 a.m. 

9.30 a.m. to 5.15 p.m. 

7.15 a.m. to 4 p.m. 

( 6.15 p.m. the 22d, to 
\ 4 a.m. 

9 to 11.45 p.m. 

4 p.m. to 2 a.m. 28th. 
9 a.m. to 4 p.m. 



1.04 
.13 

^2.24 

.27 

► 1.04 

.04 



Rain 



Snow 
Rain 



Snow 
Rain 

Snow 
Rain 
Snow 



1 p.m. 
to 
2.30 a.m. 

j 7.45 a.m. to 4.45 p.m. 
) 8.15 a.m. to 6 p.m. 

6 p.m. 

to 
8 a.m. 

( 3 to 6 a.m. 

\ 8.46 a.m. to 8 p.m. 

12.20 to 7.20 p.m. 
7.20 p.m. to 2 a.m. 
6.20 to 11.45 a.m. 



Total for year 55.10 inches. 



Report of the Water Board. 141 



Brookline Reservoir. 

Beyond a few slight improvements to the grounds and 
fences around this reservoir, it is in the same .condition as at 
the date of the last report. 

The anchor-ice gave us greattrouble here, as well as at Chest- 
nut Hill, on Dec. 25th and 26th. A small boiler was erected 
at short notice on the banks and a jet of steam directed into 
the water, which aided the breaking up of the masses. Ex- 
tensive repairs will have to be made to the masonry of the 
principal gate-house whenever the water can be drawn off. 

Very respectfully yours, 

DESMOND FITZGERALD, 

8uperinte7ident. 



LIST OF CITY PROPERTY OX THE WESTERN 

DIVISION. 

1879. 
Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

Effluent Gate-House. 

1 hand-pump, 1 12-ft. ladder, 1 lO-ft. ladder, 1 wrench, 
100 ft. of hose, 25 ft. lead pipe, pipe and hose, | ton coal, 
2 shovels, 1 rattan broom, 1 set evaporation apparatus, 4 
stop-plank hooks, 1 blow-off wrench, i gate wrench, 32 ft. 
galv. chain, lock, etc., 1 fountain nozzle, 13 stop-planks, 1 
step-ladder, 5 pictures, 1 gauge, 1 thermometer, 1 broom, 
2 brushes and dust-pan, 4 lanterns, hydraulic apparatus, 1 
stove, stove-pipe, poker, and hod, 1 settee, 1 mat. 

Terminal Chamber. 

1 self-registering gauge, 1 broom, 1 settee, 1 dust-pan 
and brush, 1 stove, stove-pipe, poker, and hod. 

Intermediate Gate-House. 
18 stop-planks, 2 hooks, 1 wrench. ' 

Influent Gate-House. 

26 long stop-plank for conduit, 14 stop-planks, 4 hooks, 
1 extra brass screw. 



142 City Document No. 79. 



Office. 

1 safe, 3 desks, 6 chairs, 3 stools, 5 pictures, 1 telegraph 
instrument, 2 sets scales, 1 stove, 3 reflecting lanterns, 20 
lanterns, 8 brooms, 1 hook-gauge, 2 inkstands, 4 ther- 
mometers, 1 copper pan, 6 tumblers, 1 kettle, stove black- 
ing, 8 pairs rubber boots, 7 rubber coats and caps, 8 gaug- 
ing floats, 1 drawing-table, 1 sink, pump, wash-basin and 10 
towels, 1 automatic rain gauge, 4 balls twhie, 1 book-case. 

Tool-House. 

1 box oil-cups, \ box glass, 1 copper elbow, ^ bbl. lard, 
oil and cans, 1 bbl. kerosene oil and cans, 1 gall, sperm oil, 
1\ cans glycerine, 12 bird-houses, 3 conduit reflectors, 3 
screen-doors, 75 lbs. waste, 1 padlock, 4|^ boxes candles, 4 
bars soap, 1| gross matches, 17 paint-brushes, 1 chimney 
brush, 2 whitewash brushes, 1\ peck measure, 5 bunches 
tack, 2 rolls wicking, 2 sheets rubber gaskets, 1^ lbs. cam- 
phor, 3 ice-chisels and hooks, 1 ice-saw, 2 glass floats, 1 
Johnson pump, 12 window-screens, 1 water-tank, 2 rain- 
gauses, 6 horse-bonnets, 2 sun-umbrellas, 7 draft-chains, 
8 striking-hammers, 1 hand-hammer, 8 sledge-hammers, 2 
paving-hammers, 5 axes, 4 screen-bars, 17 iron bars, 12 
square shovels, 10 snow-shovels, 20 round-pointed shovels, 
11 scufliers, 47 picks, 2 grub-axes, 8 pick-handles, 5 bars 
solder, 15 lbs. block-tin, 12 sledge-handles, 2 trowels, 12 
rifles, 1 lot of cord, 1 bunch window-cord, 5 cape-chisels, 4 
hoes, 4 one-bushel baskets, 4 border-knives, 2 beadles, 4 
paving-rammers, 1 root-puller, 5 manure-forks, 1 limb- 
cutter, 1 gaff-hook, 1 California pump-belt, 25 ft. wire fence, 

2 pulleys, 2 mowing-machines, 22 drills, 1 copper tamping- 
rod, 2 iron spoons, \ box whetstones, one wooden pulley, 
I can palm-oil, 1 screen-brush, 2 bags grass-seed, 30 lbs. 
oakum, 7 dozen hay-caps, 1 rubber tank-hose, 1 box candle- 
sticks, 1 writing-desk, 1 cross-cut saw, 4 small tin dippers, 
8 pails, 5 heavy buckets, 1 tin boiler, 1 hay-knife, 100 ft. 
fuse, 4 sponges, 2 grates, 5 lbs. powder, 3 spades, 14 points, 

3 chisels, 3 grass-hooks, 3 watering-pots, 2 feed-baskets, 1 
step-ladder, 75 lbs. lead, 16 rattan brooms, 11 swaths, 10 
iron rakes, 10 wooden rakes, 8 hay-forks, 3 hay-ropes. 

Old Blacksmith's Shop. 

1 observatory and instruments, 2 pieces canvas, 1 pair 
oars, 1 boat, 1,000 shingles, 1 flume, 1 post-spoon, 1 iron 
cover, 10 bbls. Portland cement, 2 bbls. American cement, \ 



Repokt of the Water Board. 143 

bbl. black oil, 1 lot crusher-plates, 4 screens, 1 large screen, 
12 signs, 1 iron bedstead, 1 bbl. paint, 2 plough-points, 1 
manhole grate, ^ cask red paint, 1 house force-pump, 1 lot 
of chains. 

Stable. 

7 horses, 2 pigs, 8 horse-blankets, 1 rubber horse-cover, 
2 sets double harness, 1 hay-rigging harness, 1 express 
harness, 2 driving harnesses, 9 halters, 4 cart harnesses, I 
harness-pan, 2 galls, neat's-foot oil, 1 Johnson pump, sleigh- 
bells, 7 surcingles, 1 stove, 3 stable-sponges, 1 bar soap, 3 
curry-brushes and combs, 1 set lead chains, 1 hay-cutter, 1 
knee-pad, 225 bushels oats, 8 bushels cracked-corn, 6 bushels 
shorts, 12 tons hay, 1 kettle, 2 brooms. 

Garpenter^s Shop. 

1 stove, 1 clock, 50 ft. clear white-pine, 100 ft. ash, 400 
spruce clapboards, 3 hand-saws, 1 panel-saw, 1 bit-stock 
and bits, 1 level, 8 planes, 4 augers, 1 pair dividers, 6 chisels, 

1 axe, 2 gauges, 45 fence-rails, 4 X 4, 1 wood-saw, 1 water- 
tank, 400 lbs. nails, 1 lot of screws, 1 hammer, 1 compass- 
saw, 12 eye-bolts, 1 fence-wrench, 2 ladles, 3 rubber belts, 

2 jack-screws, 75 lbs. green paint, 1 can japan, 2 galls. 
boiled linseed-oil, 2 galls, raw linseed-oil, 5 brushes, 25 
galls, black paint, 4 galls, varnish, 2 grindstones, 1 galv. 
chain and pulley, 1 belt-stretcher, 1 rotary-pump, 23 stop- 
planks, 4 tons hard coal, 1\ tons soft coal, 1 Blake pump, 1 
portable boiler, 1 feed-pump, 1 portable engine, 1 roll brown 
paper. 

Blacksmith's Shop. 

1 forge, 1 anvil, 1 set tools, 1 vice, 1 breast-drill, 3 stock- 
dies and taps, 1 ratchet and drill, 3 files, 30 lbs. iron, 400 
lbs. scrap-iron, 4 pairs pipe-tongs, 1 solid die-plate, 200 ft. 
steam-pipe, 3 cold-chisels, 3 monkey-wrenches. 

Yard. 

1 derrick and rio;o:ing, 1 Blake stone-crusher, 1 12-horse- 
power engine, 1 20-horse-power engme, 2 cans, 1 portable 
building and shed, 60 ft. 4-inch suction-pipe, 1 piece of lead 
suction-pipe (syphon), 1 piece of copper suction-pipe, 18-inch, 
16 ft. of 4-inch suction-pipe, 12 ft. 4-inch iron suction-pipe, 

3 clay-knives, 18 fire-buckets, 1 carryall, 1 sleigh, 1 open 
buggy, 1 covered buggy, 1 express wagon, 1 2-horse wagon, 4 



144 City Docu3ient No. 79. 

carts, 2 water-carts, 1 hay- wagon, 1 pung, 2 2-horse sleds, 
1 2-horse truck, 2 road-rollers, 1 pair large wheels, 2 moving- 
wheels, 4 roller-wheels, 1 horse-power, 2 hand-carts, 1 spare 
pole, 2 hand-rollers, 1 fire-engine, 1 whip, 1 buffalo robe, 
1 watering-pot, 2 jacks, 2 conduit-forms, 1 step-ladder, 
1 30-ft. ladder, 1 28-ft. ladder, 2 12-ft. ladders, 2 bundles 
straw, 2,000 bricks, 5 tons sand, 1 lot cast-iron grates, 1 lot 
clay, 1 scraper, 2 snow-ploughs, 1 plough, 1 harrow, 55 
granite-bounds, 5 cedar-posts, 1 rain-gauge, 6 ft. Scotch 
drain-pipe, 42 ft. 15-in. drain-pipe, 9 ft. 30-in. drain-pipe, 6 
gravel-screens, 6 wheelbarrows, 125 pickets. 

Brookline Reservoir. 

1 writing-desk, record-book, ink-rack, etc., 1 gauge, 1 
stove, stove-pipe, 32 ft., hod and poker, 1 pitcher, 1 tumbler, 
1 spittoon, 1 lantern, 1 stove-brush, 2 settees, 4 stop-plank 
hooks, 2 towels, 2 mats, 1 pair rubber boots, 1 scythe, 3 
shovels, 1 pick, 1 dust-brush, 2 rakes, 1 hoe, 1 sickle, 1 
scuffler, 2 water-pails, 1 13-ft. ladder, 1 step-ladder, 1 
sponge, 1 pair hedge-shears, 1 dust-pan, 1 feather duster, 
1 bushel basket, 1 border knife, 1 wheelbarrow, 1 spade, 1 
broom, 1 screen-brush, 1 rattan-broom, 2 scrubbing-brushes, 

1 watering-pot, 1 axe, 1 chair, 1 wrench, 1 40-inch gate- 
key, 9 ft., 2 3 6- inch gate-keys, 4ft., 1 30-inch gate-key, 6 ft., 

2 air cock wrenches, 2 gate- wheels, 1 gate-cover, 1 gate- 
crank, 2 gate-chamber wheels, 38 stop-planks, 3 ft., 3^ inches 
X 8 inches, 18 stop-planks, 4 ft. 5 inches X 8 inches, 33 stop- 
planks, 5 ft. 6 inches X 8 inches, 3 gas-fixtures, 1 frame for 
gates, 1 rammer, 4 keys for 48-inch connection, 1 wrench, 
iron cover and wooden cover for 48-inch connection, 1 crow- 
bar, 3 thermometers, 5 padlocks, 2 screen-doors, 6 window- 
screens, 6 screens, 5^ X 5 ft., 1 iron ladder, 1\ ft., 4 signs, 1 
hammer, 1 cold chisel. 

Lake Cochituate. 

2 25-horse-power engines, 3 18-inch pumps, 3 12-inch 
pumps, shafting-pipe and tools, 4 stop-plank hooks, 2-in. 
hooks, 1 box bolts and pieces of steam-pipe, 2 pieces boiler- 
plate, 1 dining-room table, 18 dining-room chairs, 1 small 
table, 1 mirror, 1 air-tight stove, 1 oil-cloth carpet, 2 spit- 
toons, 2 record-books, 1 old range, 1 bowl and slab, 1 steel- 
yards, 1 horse, 1 wagon, 1 light wagon, 1 cart, 1 pung, 3 
harnesses, 1 buffalo robe, 1 map, 1 rain-gauge, 2 light- 
stands, 1 old boat (flat bottom), 1 metal boat, 1 telegraph 
instrument, 3 wheelbarrows, lot of fence-rails, 6 rolls, 38 
stop-planks, 1 screen for gate-house, 4 hoes, 1 scythe, 2 



Eeport or THE "Water Board. 145 

pieces rubber-hose, 1 rope, 2 gravel-screens, 1 drain-mould, 

1 lot of corrugated iron, 4 rattan-brooms, 6 candlesticks, 

2 grindstones, 1 grappling-iron, 1 boat-hook, 1 raft, 2 
square-pointed shovels, 2 snow-shovels, 2 round-pointed 
shovels, 10 picks, 2 grub-hose, 2 stone hand-trucks, 4 ox- 
chains, 1 short chain, 2 rakes, 2 whitewash brushes, 1 saw, 
1 hammer, 1 roll telegraph-wire, 1 sledge, 1 striking-hammer, 

1 road-roller, 5 bbls. cement, 1 pair hedge-shears, 2 sickles, 

2 hay-forks, 1 manure-fork, 50 stone-bounds, 6 pails, 1 pair 
oars, 2 sand-sieves, 6 hand-drills, 2 hand-drill hammers, 6 
steel points, 3 axes, 1 hatchet, 2 iron settees, 1 keel-bottom 
boat, 1 set small scales, 2 jointers, 1 pointing-trowel, 4 bars, 
1 pinch-bar, lot of scrap-iron, copper and lead, lot of chim- 
neys, etc., 3 pairs rubber boots. 

Sudbury Conduit. 
Farm Pond Gate-House. 

1 stove, stove-pipe, poker, shovel and hod, 1 dust-pan and 
brush, zinc, 6 ft. X 5 ft., 1^ tons coal, 1 bag cotton-waste, 1 
pail, 1 broom, 1 hammer, 1 wrench, 1 screw-driver, 2 screen- 
bars, 2 screen-wrenches, 2 handles for gates, 1 brush and 
rake for cleaning screens, 2 pair rubber boots, 1 shovel, 1 step- 
ladder, 1 chair, 1 11-ft. ladder, 1 table, 2 gauges, 56 stop- 
planks, 8 feet 6 inches X 8 inches X 4 inches, 1 wood-box, 1 
coal-box, 1 closet, 2 stop-plank hooks, 2 lanterns, box of 
rotten-stone, 5 yds linen, 16 caudles, 1 tin pan, stove-black- 
ing, and brush, 1 oil-cup, 3 cans, 1 qt. kerosene oil, 1 rope. 

Course Brook Waste Weir. 

12 stop plank, 9 feet 8 inches x 8 inches X 4 inches, 4 
stop-plank hooks with rope attached, 4 iron rods, 1 lO-ft. 
pole, 1 paint-brush, 2 paint-pots, 2 water-pails, 1 wrench, 
1 brush, 1 lb. oakum, 2 shovels, 2 brooms, 1 iron rake, 1 
spade, 1 sod-rammer, 9 lbs. grass seed. 

Bacon's BrooTc Waste Weir. 

2 wheelbarrows, 12 stop-planks, 9 feet 9 inches x 8 inches 
X 4 inches, lot of old lumber and iron, 2 iron rakes, 2 
shovels, 2 sod-rammers, 2 picks, 1 broom, 1 oil-can. 

Rosemary Brooh Blow-off. 
1 gate-wrench. 

10 



146 City Document No. 79. 



FuTler''s Brook Waste Weir. 



12 stop-planks, 9 feet 9 inches X 8 inches X 4 inches, 1 
pole with hook attached, 1 spade, 1 iron rake, 1 shovel, 1 
sod-rammer, 1 pail. 

West Syphon Chamber, 

52 stop-planks, 6 ft. x 8 in. x 4in., 1 stove, stove-pipe, 
poker and hod, 1 coal-box, \ ton coal, 1 gauge, 3 pair rub- 
ber-boots, 2 old horse-blankets, 1 stool, 1 gate-hook, 1 hook 
for bolting door, 1 lantern, 1 can, 1 qt. kerosene, 6 galls, 
black varnish, 1 can of thinning, 1 padlock, 1 sponge, 3 
paint-brushes, 1 scrubbing-brush, 1 jug, 1 stove-brush, 1 
hammer, 5 lbs. nails, 6 calking-irons, 3 steel points, 1 floor- 
brush, 1 broom, 1 axe, one saw, 1 bag cotton-waste and 
oakum, 1 bushel basket, 1 long handle shovel, 1 square 
pointed shovel, 1 auger, 3 conduit reflectors, 1 wooden rake, 

1 pail, 1 piece of rope, 7 ladders, 1 bag grass-seed, 11 sheets 
sand-paper. 

East Syphon Chamber. 

52 stop-planks, 6 ft. X 8 in. X 4 in., 1-in. chisel, 1 pick, 

2 shovels, 1 lantern, 1 oil-can, 1 steel point, 3 calking- 
irons, 1 conduit reflector, 19 candles, 1 flat-bottomed boat, 
1 gauge, 2 pails, 1 rope, 1 wooden roller, 1 wheelbarrow, 

1 sod-rammer, 1 iron rake, 1 spade, 1 horse, 1 express- 
wagon, 1 harness, 1 collar, 1 halter, 1 weight, 1 feed-basket, 

2 blankets, 1 surcingle. 

Clarke Waste Weir. 

12 stop-planks, 9 ft. 9 in. X 8 in. x 4 in., 2 stop-plank 
hooks, 1 broom, 1 shovel, 1 iron rake, 1 sod-rammer. 

Tool-shed, near Fuller's Waste Weir. 

15 plank, 14 ft. X 8 in. X 3 in., 5,000 hard brick, 4 
wheelbarrows, 9 lanterns, 1 jug, 2 tin-cans, 2 conduit re- 
flectors, 1 sieve, 3 Joice ladders, 12 ft. long, 3 pails, 2 horses, 
pile of old lumber, l\ casks cement, small quantity of oakum 
and shingles, 2 scrubbing-brooms. 



EEPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE MYSTIC 
WATER WORKS. 



Chaelestown District, Boston, May 1, 1879. 

Hon. Timothy T. Sawyer, Chairman Boston Water 
Board : — 

Sir, — I herewith submit my report for the year ending 
April 30, 1879, as Superintendent of the Mystic Water 
Works. 

Lake. 

At the lake the shores and riprap have received the usual 
care and attention. The filling and grading on the westerly 
side of the dam have been continued. The usual daily 
records of the levels of the water, the overflow at the dam, 
and the rainfall, have been sent to the City Engineer. The 
building which was moved last year and located near the 
" Waste Weir," has been gradually transformed into a tene- 
ment, and will hereafter be occupied by the attendant at the 
lake. 

Mystic Sewer. 

The Mystic-valley Sewer was turned over to the depart- 
ment under my charge by the Board, November 27, 1878. 
A large amount of drainage is now carried off by this sewer 
that formerly found its way into the tributaries of Mystic 
lake. 

Conduit. 

At the upper gate-house, in October, the screen in the 
south chamber gave way, by the breaking of the centre bear- 
ing, on account of the pressure, caused by an accumulation 
of leaves and the strong current of the water at this point. 
The screen being under water and stationary, it was necessary 
to employ a diver to repair it. In the gate-chamber, at the 
lower end, an entirely new set of screens has been put in, 
being made whole instead of in sections, as before, which is 
a great improvement. In every other respect the conduit 
and its appurtenances appear to be in good order. 



148 City Document No. 79. 



Pumping Station. 

The pumps have required but ordinary repairs during the 
year, and are now apparently in good condition. Engine 
No. 1 was run 216^ days, No. 2, 239^ days, and No. 3, 
134^ days. The amount of coal used was 8,141,200 lbs. 
The amount of clinker produced was 620,665 lbs., or Ty^ per 
cent. In July the feed-pump, which was received with Engine 
No. 3 when that was set up, but for which we never had any 
use, was exchanged, by order of the Board, with Mr. 
Worthington, for one of his 12-inch direct-acting steam 
pumps, which has been located on the division wall between 
the two pump wells, to be used whenever any repairs are 
needed on the suction-pipes, foot-valves, or on the well 
itself, and is an arrangement that has long been needed ; in 
fact, should have been made when the works were first built, 
as heretofore we have had to use a steam fire-engine for this 
purpose. In the boiler-room two of the furnaces to the 
larger boilers have been rebuilt and furnished with new grate 
bars, otherwise the boilers have required but the usual or 
ordinary repairs. The grounds about the engine-house, also 
the dwelling-houses and stable, are in good condition. A 
number of trees of different kinds has been received from 
a surplus on hand at Chestnut Hill, and 100 spruce trees 
have been purchased and set out this spring about the engine- 
house grounds, which make a very decided improvement in 
the appearance of the whole place. 

The coal record for the year is as follows : — 

On hand May 1, 1878 .... 612^2^8o\ tons. 
Eeceived from May 1, 1878, to May 1, 1879, 3,394^-8^^ " 

Total ...... 4 006-^71-9 " 

Used from May 1, 1878, to May 1, 1879 3',70ol%4v " 

OnhandMay 1,1879 .... 305/^^(7 " 
Force Mains. 

During the year another line of pipe has been laid, under 
the direction of the City Engineer, from the pumping station 
to the reservoir. 

Reservoir. 

After the new force main was completed the water was 
shut ofi" from the reservoir, and pumped directly into the 



Report of the Water Board. 149 

city through the gate-house, and the water in the reservoir 
was drawn out, the first time for 12 years. 

Supply Mains. 

The supply mains have required no repairs during the 
year, and are apparently in good condition. 

Distributing Mains. 

The distributing mains have been extended 794 feet, all 
with cast-iron pipe, and 4,128 feet of the cement pipes have 
been replaced with cast-iron, 4,116 feet being enlarged fiom 

8 to 12 inches. Fourteen additional hydrants have been 
located, viz., 10 Post and 4Lowry. There were 26 " breaks ' 
on the cement mains during the year in the city. 

Service Pipes. 

There were 69 new service pipes entered during the year ; 

9 tin-lined pipes replaced with lead pipes, 8 pipes lowered, 
4 enlarged, and 11 changed from U branches to single sup- 
plies. 422 boxes have been renewed. There were 45 stop- 
pages by fish, 20 by rust, and 10 by frost. 

In Chelsea and Everett there has been no extension of the 
main pipes, the total length in each place remaining the 
same as last year, viz., 149,339 feet in Chelsea, 75,772 feet 
in Everett. 

In Somerville the main pipes have been extended 1,762 
feet, making the total length 236,405 feet. Ninety-three 
new service pipes have been entered the past year. 

The following tables give the amount of pipe laid and re- 
laid during the past year, and the amount now connected 
with the works ; also the stock on hand May 1, 1879. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

CHAS. H. BIGELOW, 

Superintendent. 



150 



City Document No. 79. 



Distribution Pipes Relaid in Charlestown in 1878-79. 



Streets. 



Medford 

Lexington 

Everett 

Elm 

Polk 

Pearl 

Cook 

Baldwin 

Belmont 

Quinoy 

Webster ....•• 

Short 

Bunker Hill . . . . 

Park 

Joiner 

Bow 

Union 

So. Eden . . . . . 
Walker ...... 

High 

Lexington Avenue . 
Monument 

Totals 



10 inch. 
8 
4 
4 
4 
8 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 



Feet. 



300 
24 



432 



Size of Pipe. 



6 in. 



Feet. 



10 in. 



Feet. 



12 in. 



Feet. 



492 
12 



12 

600 

12 



1,260 



12 



Iron. 



12 



4,128 



Eepoht of the Water Board. 



151 



Extension of Distriiution Pipes in Charlestown in 1878-79. 





Size of Pipe. 


Kind 

of 
Pipe. 

Iron. 


Total 
Feet. 




4 inch. 


6 inch. 


8 inch. 


12 inch. 


30 inch. 




168 










168 




7 
24 

7 
24 
12 
12 
24 








7 












24 












7 












24 












12 












12 












24 






72 


444 


3,366 


516 








3,366 














Totals 


168 


110 


72 


444 


3,366 


4,160 







Service Pipes Laid in Charlestown in 1878-79. 



Size. 


i inch. 


1 inch. 


I inch. 


1 inch. 


1^ inch. 


2 inch. 


Total 
No. 


Total 
Feet. 


Number 


24 


39 


3 


1 


1 


1 


69 


1,584 



152 



City Document No. 79. 



Charlestqww. 



Chelsea. 



SOMERYIW-E. 



EVEHETT. 



fRelaid 6,364 feet. 

Relaid and enlarged . . . 5,640 " 

Extension 794 feet. 

Laid previous 153,396 " 



(. Aggregate 154,190 " or 29 miles, 1,070 feet. 

Laid previous 149,339 feet, or 28 miles, 1,499 feet. 

f Extension 1,762 feet. 

Laid previous 234,643 " 

Aggregate. 236,405 << or 44 miles, 4,085 feet. 

Laid previous 52,772 feet, or 14 miles, 1,852 feet. 



Engine House 
Grodnds, Somer. [ Laid previous 

YiLLE. 



287 feet. 

Total amount of distribution pipe May 1, 1879, 116 miles, 2,513 feet. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



153 



^ 


to 00 


13 






Oi 


C« 




■i 


§ g 














CO 




4 


ira to 










•* 


1-1 en 




3 s 










to 


l-l CO 


,d 


s ?? 














00 


i-c to 


,d 








.9 


°l ■* 










^ 


N 3 




(>J O 














.a 


00 O 






fl 






-* to 










,cj 


O O 








c^ a 










IM 




,d 


• 






□ 


oo . 




to 






<M 




rd 


■^ u^ 






















^' 
















to 




5Q 












P< 








5 










o 




<u 




g a 




A o 



O'^ 



«3 fl 
CD CO 



1 . 




1 


o 


EH 




fl 
















M 




,d 






(N 






••-' 


I* 


-"K 




.a 










•M 



154 City Document No. 79. 



STOCK ON HAND. 

Iron Pipe. — 3 lengths 36-inch; 19 lengths 30-inch; 20 
lengths 24-inch; 2 lengths 20-inch; 10 lengths 16-inch; 
190 lengths 12-inch; 156 lengths 10-inch; 280 lengths 
8-inch; 198 lengths 6-inch; 429 lengths 4-inch. 

Iron Branches. — 5 16 X 16-inch; 4 16 X 12-inch; 4 
16 X 10-inch; 8 16 X 8-inch; 4 16 X 6-inch; 3 16 x 4- 
inch; 8 12 X 12-inch; 8 12 x 10-inch; 18 12 X 8-inch; 
20 12 X 6-inch; 18 12 X 4-inch; 8 10 X 10-inch ; 13 
10 X 8-inch; 14 10 X 6-inch; 3 10 x 4-inch; 16 8 x 8- 
inch; 18 8 X 6-inch; 15 8 X 4-inch; 21 6 X 6-inch; 10 
6 X 4-inch; 13 4 X 4-inch; 3 12 X 12-crosses ; 4 12 X 6- 
crosses ; 2 8 x 6-crosses ; 1 4 x 4-cross ; 1 30-inch. 

Offsets.— 12 4-inch; 11 6-inch; 12 8-inch; 6 12-inch. 

Iron Bends.— ?,2> 16-inch; 41 12-inch; 52 10-inch; 52 
8-inch ; 28 6-inch ; 9 4-inch ; 15 30-inch circles. 

Iron Reducers. — 4 16 to 12-inch; 12 12 to 8-inch; 12 
12 to 6-inch; 4 12 to 10-inch; 5 10 to 8-inch; 6 10 to 6- 
inch ; 11 8 to 6-inch ; 6 8 to 4-inch ; 9 6 to 4-inch. 

Iron Sleeves. — 2 36-inch ; 6 30-inch ; 6 24-inch ; 4 20- 
inch ; 12 16-inch; 7 12-inch; 23 10-inch; 10 8-inch; 10 
6-inch ; 14 4-inch ; 64 3-inch. 

Iron Plugs. — 10 6-inch ; 5 8-inch ; 10 4-inch. 

Gates. — 120-mch.', 1 16-inch; 2 10-inch; 2 8-inch; 2 
6-inch ; 1 4-inch ; 20 frames and covers. 

Hydrants. — 1 16-inch 3-way Low. hyd. pat. ; 1 12 X 12- 
inch do. ; 1 12 X 8-inch do. ; 1 12 X 6-inch do. ; 16X6- 
inch do. ; 1 8 x 6-inch do. ; 1 4 x 4-inch do. ; 2 8 X 6-inch 
4-way do. ; 2 10 X 8-inch 3-way do. ; 4 10 X 4-inch do. ; 
1 8 X 8-inch ; 1 8 X 6-inch ; 2 8 X 4-inch ; 1 8 X 8-inch ; 
1 6 X 6-inch ; 1 6 x 4-inch ; 1 4 x 4-inch 4-way ; 14X4- 
inch 3-way; 10 Low. hydrant bbls. and valves; 7 frames 
and covers ; 10 frames, 9 covers ; 2 4-inch post hydrants ; 
1 flush do. ; 2 garden do. ; 7 blanks ; 30 lbs. gasket ; 2 lbs. 
rub. valve ; 12|-iuch post hyd. stops. 

Cement Pipe. — 2 ?>0-mc\\; 4 20-inch; 4 16-inch; 14 8- 
inch ; 34 6-inch ; 10 4-inch ; 3 2-iuch. 

Service Department. 

63 lbs. 2-inch lead pipe; 816 lbs. 1-inch do.; 957 lbs. 
f-inch do. ; 1,776 lbs. |-inch ; 322 lbs. ^-inch do. ; 22 |-inch 
corporation-stop; 12 |-inch do. ; 70 |-inch 3-:way do. ; 12 
|-inch do. ; 10 1-inch do. ; 1 2-inch stop; 12 ^-inch stop; 
25 |-inch do. ; 10 |-inch do. ; 31 1-inch do. ; 10 |-inch hose 
bibbs; 130 lbs. solder; 40 lbs. tin; 8 papers rivets; 6 2- 



Eeport of the Water Board. 155 

inch sol. nipples; 13 1-inch do.; 4 |-inch do.; 8 i-inch 
do. ; 27 wood service boxes ; 17 iron do. ; 136 service box 
covers ; 200 bricks. 

Meters. 

1 4-inch Worthington meter; 1 3-inch do. ; 2 2-inch do. ; 
3 1-inch do. ; 3 |-inch do. ; 3 |-inch do. ; 1 ll-inch Ball and 
Fitts do. ; 1 1-inch do. ; 1 f-inch do. ; 1 1-inch rotary; 1 
frame and 7 covers ; 22 |-inch connections ; 24 1-inch do. ; 

8 2-inch do. ; 6 4-inch indexes ; 6 2-inch do. ; 4 1-inch do. ; 
10 |-inch do. ; 5 meter boxes ; 6 lbs. brass wire. 

Sundries. 

5,396 feet board; 1,326 feet plank; 1 bdle. sheet-iron; 
1 bdle. gal. iron ; 1 bbl. calcine plaster ; 8 kegs 40d. nails ; 

9 kegs 30d. do. ; 3 kegs 20d. do. ; 3 kegs lOd. do. ; 1 keg 
8d. FF do. ; 1 keg 6d. FF do. 

Paints and Oils. 

1 bbl. boiled linseed-oil; 1 bbl. raw do.; l-'keg white 
lead; 18 lbs. dry Brandon; 20 lbs. dry English red; 1 
box 9 X 13 window-glass ; 3 boxes 8 X 10 do. ; I box 
18 X 12 do. 

Tools, etc. 

3 Low. hyd. chucks ; 150 feet 2-inch canvas hose ; 150 
feet |-inch rub. do. ; 12 street-lanterns ; 24 hand do. ; 16 
Trench pumps ; 10 street-horses ; 3 bench-vises ; 1 pipe do. ; 
1 bench shears ; 2 hand do. ; 2 ratchet drills ; 2 braces and 
1 set bitts ; 1 set taps and drills for iron pipe ; 1 machine for 
tapping iron pipe ; 1 set drills for cement^pipe ; 5 sledges ; 
6 ladles ; 9 monkey wrenches ; 1 hatchet ; 2 axes ; 8 car- 
penter's planes ; 20 calking hammers ; 7 cutting chisels ; 6 
trowels ; 7 hand-saws ; 1 compass do. ; 2 augers ; 8 jamming 
irons ; 50 sets ; 8 paving hammers ; 1 square ; 3 plumber's 
furnaces ; 6 plumber's pots ; 8 cold chisels ; 6 carpenter's 
do. ; 1 rivet set ; 1 copper pump ; 1 iron force do. ; 6 
diamond points ; 2 dividers ; 25 feet |-inch tin tube ; 1 belt 
punch ; 12 screw-drivers ; 1 chain tongs ; 7 frost wedges ; 
3 cutting knifes ; 12 pairs rub. mitts ; 2 palette knives ; 3 
pipe cutters ; 12 pipe-tongs ; 1 die and plate ; 20 working 
wrenches; 11 service wrenches; 9 gate wrenches; 2 valve 
do.; 3 drilling crabs; 2 chain shngs ; 1 Low. hyd. do.; 
178S.H. R.P. shovels; 29 S.H. S.P. do.; 38 L.H. E.P. 



156 City Document No. 79. 

do. ; 120 picks ; 20 rammers ; 3 lead furnaces with pots ; 
4 derricks ; 7 blocks and falls ; 2 iron grap}!)les ; 2 long 
tongs ; 1 copper hose pipe ; 1 copper 3-way hose connec- 
tions ; 2 bench screws ; 2 hoes ; 12 flat 14-inch files ; 13 flat 
12-inch files ; 18 assorted saw files ; 1 tar kettle ; 1 windlass 
derrick; 1 grindstone; 19 paint-brushes. 

Fixtures. 

2 150 gall, tanks, 2 spring-water gauges, 1 mercury do., 
200 ft. lead pipe, 1 platform scales, 2 work-benches, 2 
iron sinks, 2 stoves, 2 desks, 3 office chairs, 1 stool, gas 
fixtures, 2 chest of drawers, 1 clock. 

Stable Department. 

500 lbs. hay, 500 lbs. salt hay, 6 horses, 4 harnesses, 2 
cart do., 6 blankets, 5 buflalo robes, 2 oil covers, 1 sleigh, 

3 pungs, 2 buggies, 3 wagons, 2 stable forks, 2 hay do., 5 
currycombs, 3 brushes, 1 wheel-jack, 2 pails, 2 axes, 1 lan- 
tern, 1 stove and kettle, 3 carts, 1 hay wagon, 1 plough and 
1 harrow, ^harnesses for do., 2 grain chests, 2 bales straw, 
1 hay-cutter, 2 bags oats, 1 do. corn. 

Engine-house Department. 

7 picks, 17 L. H. shovels, 19 S. H. do., 3 spades, 5 iron 
bars, 2 log-hooks, 1 ladder, 1 lawn-mower, 1 border-cutter, 
1 corn hook, 1 hedge shears, 1 Edson pump, 1 rammer, 1 
stone drag, 1 scraper, 1 claw hammer, 1 calking hammer, 
3striking do., 2 stone do., 2 levels, 2 hoes, 7 mortar do., 
1 grub do., 3 axes, 1 trowel, 1 monkey wrench, 1 hydrant 
do., 6 drills, 1 square, 1 screw-driver, 3 points, 3 scythes, 
6 rakes, 6 pails, 4 lanterns, 4 nets, 3 cask nails, 1 brace and 

4 bitts, 50 feet rubber hose, 1 iron roller, 1 platform scale. 

Eeservoir. 

3 sets block and falls, 1 clock, 1 table, 1 chisel, 1 pick, 1 
shovel, 1 wheelbarrow, 1 hydrant wrench, 1 hammer, 1 axe, 
1 stove, 1 force pump, 4 pails, 2 lanterns, 2 hand-lamps, 1 
bbl. kerosene oil. 

Conduit. 

2 sets block and falls, 1 stove, 1 net, 4 screen hooks, 1 
stove, 1 clock, 1 table, 3 chairs, 1 rajce, 3 nets, 1 grindstone, 
1 hammer, 1 wood-saw, 1 tool-chest, 1 axe, 4 starting ham- 



Eeport of the Water Board. 157 

mers, 1 boat, 2 boat-hooks, 2 oars, 4 round covers and 
frames for sewer. 

Pumping Service. 

Stoch on Hand. — 1 bbl. kerosene oil, 1 do. sperm oil, 30 
gall, cylinder oil, 1 gall, polishing oil, 4 gall, boiled oil, 1 
bar castile soap, 1 gro. matches, 23 bars hard soap, 20 gall, 
soft soap, 40 lbs. rubber-cloth packing, 14 lbs. hemp, 7^ lbs. 
Seldon's, 6| lbs. Martin's, 10 boiler hand-hole packings, 
10 do. man-hole do., 2| lbs. asbestos, 25 lbs. red lead, 
10 lbs. white lead, 2 valve seats, 1 set springs, 8 feet 6-inch 
copper pipe, 100 feet |-inch round iron, 30 feet 1^-inch do., 
2 6-inch globe valves, 1 6-inch T do., 139 lamp chimneys, 12 
Argand lamp-burners, 105 yards lamp-wick, 25 lbs. 1-inch 
brass pipe, 7 lbs. |-inch do., 21 lbs. |-inch do., 11 feet 1\- 
inch iron pipe, 6 feet 1-inch do., 14 feet ^-inch do., 2 1^-inch 
valves, 2 1-inch do., 10 |-inch brass elbows, 20 do. iron, 5 
^-inch plugs, 2 l-inch elbows, 6 ^-inch nipples, 9 |-inch 
couplings, 5 |-inch elbows, 5 |-inch nipples, 7 i-inch coup- 
lings, 5 |-inch plugs, 6 l-inch elbows, 3 l-inch nipples, 4 
|-inch unions, 20 |-inch couplings, 9 f-inch T's, 21 |-inch 
nipples, 2 1-inch unions, 23 1-inch couplings, 10 1-inch 
plugs, 6 1-inch T's, 4 1-inch elbows, 4 1-inch nipples, 9 1|- 
inch couplings, 3 l|-inch plugs, 6 l|-inch T's, 13 1^-inch 
elbows, 10 l|-inch nipples, 3 2-inch unions, 5 2-inch coup- 
lings, 3 2-inch T's, 5 2-inch nipples, 22 |-inch bolts, 27 stud 
bolts, 38 |-inch bolts, 12 piston do., 5 J lbs iron washers, 
160 fire-brick. 

Tools and Fixtures. — 2 tables, 4 chairs, 1 clock, 1 desk, 
2 scales, 1 24-inch standard gauge, 2 ladders, 16 kerosene 
lamps, 3 hand-lamps, 2 pails, 2 water-pots, 2 gall, oil cans, 

1 duster, 1 wheelbarrow, 1 steam kettle, 1 brace and bitts, 

2 sledges, 5 screw-drivers, 4 screw-wrenches, 2 Stillson' do., 
8 Sdo., 27 socket do., 8 box do., 9 service do., 1 anvil, 1 
forge, 2 vises, 2 bars, 12 cold-chisels, 2 sets fire-irons, 3 
shovels, 2 coal cars, 2 jack-screws, 2 ratchets, 2 sets taps 
and dies, 1 set pipe tongs, 2 pipe-cuttejs, 2 blocks and falls, 
2 valve-seat reamers, 25 draw-bolts, 10 eye-bolts, 150 feet 
2^-inch hose, 100 feet |-inch do., 4 oil cans, 1 waste can, 
1 tallow press, 17 12-inch files, 3 brooms, 100 lbs. cotton 
waste, 75 lbs. mop do., 2 feather dusters, 3 hair do., 3 mats, 
1 brass lantern, 3 derricks. 



BEPORT OF THE SUPEKINTENDENT OF THE EASTERN 

DIVISION. 



• Boston, May 1, 1879. 
Hon. T. T. Sawyer, Chairman Boston Water Board: — 

Sir, — My report for the year ending with April 30 is 
respectfully submitted. 

The general condition of the works at the present date 
is good. Beyond the laying of about 8^ miles of main 
pipes of the small sizes, and the general maintenance of the 
works, nothing of particular note has been done during this 
year. 

Main Pipes. 

The Avhole number of feet of main pipe, of all sizes, laid 

during the year is . . 40,815 feet. 
Relaid .... 3,300 " 



44,115, equal to 8|||^ miles. 

Service Pipes. 

Whole number put in . . . . . . 796 

Length in feet . 22,943 

Pipes changed ........ 245 

length in feet .... 2,938 

Posts for Watering-Carts. 

Established during the year ..... 12 

Total number now established . . . . 18 

Location. 

Tremont and Hammond park. 

Clay, corner Tremont. 

Eliot square. 

Brookline avenue, corner Longwood avenue. 

St. James street, corner Warren. 

Blue-Hill avenue, between Waverley and Clifford streets. 

Warren street, corner Gaston. 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 



159 



Egleston square, corner Walnut avenue. 

Dale, corner Walnut avenue. 

Dudley street, opposite Howard avenue. 

Upham's corner. 

Field's corner and Dorchester avenue. 

Dorchester avenue and Savin-Hill avenue. 

" «' at Old Boston line. 

Beach street, at Parker, Harrison square. 
Union square, Brighton. 
Washington, corner Winship, Brighton. 
Chestnut-Hill avenue, corner South. 



Established fire-pipes 
" elevators 



2 
20 



Of the relaying of enlarged sizes, the following table 
shows the changes in sizes : — 



street. 


Between what Streets. 


Size now. 


No. of feet. 


Size form'ly 




Boston. 








Cooper 


Charlestown and Endicott . . . 


8 in. 


248 


6 in. 


Sargent's Wharf . . 


Commercial st. and end of wharf 


6 " 


366 


4 " 


Thatcher avenue . 


Cooper and Thatcher 


6 " 


169 


4 " 



Main Pipe Relaid. 

Commercial St., Clinton and Fleet 12-inch. 1,410 feet. 

Beacon " Beaver " Brimmer 12 '* 218 " 

Commercial " Clinton " Fleet 6 " 48 " 

Parker " Chester park and B. & A. R.R 6 " 250 " 

G " Fourth and Thomas 6 " 223 " 

Cabot " Tremont and Ruggles 4 " 1,151 " 

Raised. 
Albany St., East Chester park and Springfield 12-inch. 212 feet. 

Lowered. 
Adams st.. King and Sheldon 12-inch. 50 feet. 

• Taken Up. 

12-inch iron pipe 1,649 feet 

9 " " " 10 " 

6 " " " 945 " 

li " " " 1,822 " 

1 "lead " 46 " 

I " " " 15 " 

I << " '< 249 " 

A 'i " «< r,9, " 



City Document No. 7\). 



Statement of Location, Size, and Number of Feet of Pipe 
laid in 1878. 



In what Street. 



Berkeley • 
Newbury . 



Reed 

Marlboro . . . 
Hereford ... 
Randolph . : . 
Fairfield ... 
Shaving . . . 



Plympton court . 
Chessman place . 
Bumstead court. 
Lincoln wharf. . . 



First .. 
Sixth . . 

M 

Bowen 



Place . . 
Grimes 



Between what Streets. 



BOSTON. 

Cortes and Chandler 

Hereford and Chester Park. . 



Total 12.inch 



Northampton and Reed 

Hereford and Chester Park 

Commonwealth ave. and Boylston 

Harrison ave. and Albany 

Commonwealth ave. and Boylston 
Federal and Mt. Washington ave. 



Total 6-inch. 



Sawyer and Lenox 

From No. 252 Hanover . 

From Boylston 

From Commercial 



Total 4-inch 

SOUTH BOSTON. 



A and B 

P and Q 

Seventh and Eighth. 
CandD 



Total 6-inch. 



From No. 732 Eighth. 
Sevenjih and Eighth . 

Total 4-inch 



la 
OS 



Keport of the Water Board. 161 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Swift 

Shelby 

Cheever court... 

Seaver 

Parker 

Day 

Atwood ave. . . . 

Gary 

Riverside 

Cahot 

Quincy 

Wyoming 

Seaver 

Randolph place . 

Murray ave 

Day 

Faxon 

Q-reenville 

Bromley 

Fairland 

11 



Between what Streets. 



EAST BOSTON. 
Saratoga and Bennington 



Total 12.inch 



Princeton and Saratoga 
Total 6-inch 



From Sumner . . . 
Total 4-inch. 



BOSTON HIGHLANDS 

Maple and Walnut ave 

Prentiss and Ward 



Total 12-inch 



Perkins and Creighton 
From Day 



Total 8-inch. 



Riverside and Tremont place . . • 

Tremont and Gary 

Tremont and Windsor 

Tupelo and Blue Hill ave 

From Warren 

Maple and Walnut ave 

From Rand 

From Blue Hill ave 

Atwood ave. and Perkins 

Tremont and Smith 

Winthrop and Moreland 

Heath and Bromley park 

Winthrop and Mt. Pleasant ave. 

Amount carried fonoard 



.S f^ 



12 



12 



180 
180 
122 
122 
150 
150 

247 
141 



388 

872 
230 



1,102 

293 
15 

130 
17 
75 
9 

134 

225 

8 

55 

356 
84 

362 



1,763 



162 City Document No. 79. 

statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 





p< 


^ r. 


Ol 












o 


n'Z 




55 


^ 



Amount brought forward 



Mills 

Parker 

Bartlett 

Dudley 

Perkins place 

Washington 

Cottage 

Blue Hill ave. 

River 

Pond 

Lawrence ave 
Milton " 
Adam 

Quiney 

Bailey 

Trull 

Fremont . . . . 

Norfolk 

Everett ave. . . 

Sargent 

Quiney 



BOSTON HIGHLANDS. 

Dale and Rockland 

Prentiss and Ward 

Lamhert ave. and Dudley . . . 
Bartlett and Centre 



• Continued. 



Total 6-inch. 



From Roxbury . . . 
Total 4-inch. 



DORCHESTER. 

Bailey and Armandine 

Pleasant and Sumner 

River and Norfolk 

Mr. Conness' house and Blue Hill ave. 

Pleasant and Dorchester 

Cedar and Blue Hill ave 

Fuller and Bailey 

King and Shelton 



Total 12.inch 



R.R. Bridge and Columbia 

Howard and Cedar 

Washington and Dorchester ave. 

Hancock and Bellevue 

Norfolk and River 

Blue Hill ave. and R.R. Bridge.. 
Hancock and Stoughton 



Total S-inch. 



Hartford and Howard ave. . 
Columbia and R.R. Bridge . 



315 

6 

374 

441 



2,899 
158 
158 

473 

287 
143 
3,240 
347 
68 
50 
14 



4,622 

307 
266 
337 
903 
774 
1,927 
704 



5,218 



Amount carried forward. 



103 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued, 



163 




Fuller 

■Washington 

Trull 

Clay 

Street 

Orchard 

Glen 

Linden , 

Evans , 

Wilder ave , 

River 

Fremont 

Norfolk 

Payson ave 

Rocky Hill ave 

Everett ave 

Mill 

Greenwich 

Nelson 

Adam 

Willow court 

Cedar 

Humphrey square. 
"Ware 



Berkeley court 



LaGrange , 



Amount brought forward . 



DORCHESTER. — Continued. 

Washington and Dorchester ave 

Bailey and Homer 

Hancock and Bellevue 

From Neponset ave 

From Tileston place and Clay 

From Boston 

Glendale and Trull , 

Adam and Dorchester ave 

Thetford ave. and Stanton ave 

From Washington 

Mr. Conness' house and Fremont .... 

Norfolk and River 

Blue Hill ave. and R.R. Bridge 

Glendale and Hancock 

Prom Hancock 

Stoughton and Hancock 

Adam and Neponset ave 

Dorchester ave. and Commercial . . . . 

Norfolk and Evans 

King and Sheldon 

From Boston 

Quincy and Lawrence ave 

From Dudley 

From Trull 



Total 6-iDch. 

From Berkeley. . . 

Total 4.inch. 



WEST ROXBURY. 
Centre and Jordan 



Amount carried forward. 



109 

589 
12 
16 
19 
54 
443 
399 
497 
195 
264 
17 
5 

32 

326 

157 

44 

144 

46 

26 

35 

1,555 

632 

229 

237 

6,081 

129 

129 



164 City Document No. 79. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



2 ^ 



Amount brought forward. 



Walnut 

Pond 

Boylston 

Jordan 

Dent 

Ivory 

Temple 

Mt. Vernon . . . . 

Walker 

Boylston 

Jamaica. 

Burr 

A 

Maple 

Erie place 

School-st. place 

E 

Bartlett 

Cj'press 

Elm 

Rockview 

Ivory 

Temple 

Perham 

Dent 

Walker 

Poplar 



WEST ROXBURT. — Continued. 

School and Williams 

Prince and Rockwood 



Total 12-inch . 



Burr and A 

LaG-range and Dent 

Jordan and Ivory 

Denl and Temple 

Ivory and Mr. Temple's house 

Pleasant and LaGrange 

South and Elm 

Chestnut and C 

South and White ave 



Total 8-inch. 



Sprink Park and Boylston . . . . 
Spring Park and Boylston . . . . 

Cross and Weld 

From School 

From School 

Spring Park aad Reck view . . . . 

From Green 

Baker and Spring 

Everett and Revere 

Spring Park and E 

Dent and Temple 

Ivory and Mr. Temple's house 

Ivory and Winslow 

Ivory and Winslow 

South and Elm 

South and Washington 



12 



Amount carried forward . 



93 

353 
1,011 

1,457 

221 
255 
283 
592 
661 
147 
307 
53 
166 

2,685 

21 
122 
376 
224 
205 
161 
231 
413 
242 
271 
7 

14 

344 

249 

8 

102 

2,99o 



Eeport of the Water Board. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



165 



In what Street. 



Montgomery . . . . 

Pond 

Jaofiaica 

Court 

Central Hill ave... 

Chestnut Hill ave. 

South 

Everett 

Nonantum 

Murdock 

The Ahattoir 

Chester 

Highland ave. 
Farrington ave .. 
Chestnut Hill ave, 
Everett place . . . . 

South 

Winship place.-.. 
The Ahattoir . . . , 
Ashford 



Between what Streets. 



Amount brought forward 

WEST ROXBURT. 

From Spring 

Prince and Rockwood 

South and White ave 



• Continued. 



Total 6-inch. 



From Boylston. . . 
Total 4-inch. 



BRIGHTON. 
The Ledge and South , 



Total 16-inch 

The Ledge and South 

Chestnut Hill ave. and Foster. 
Lincoln and North Beacon . . . 
From Washington 



Total 12-inch 

Sparhawk and Whitney 
From Market 

Gardner and Ashford . . 



Total 8-inch. 



From Cambridge 

Harvard ave. and Linden . . . . . 

The Ledge and South 

From Mt. Vernon 

ChestnutHill ave. and Foster. 

From Washington 

From Market 

Chester and Linden 






12 



2,990 

213 

30 

1,676 

4,909 

106 

106 



Amount carried forward 



1,397 
491 
364 
311 

2,563 

79 

1,057 

92 

1,228 

347 

308 
18 
151 

9 
829 

4 
224 

1,890 



166 ' City Document No. 79. 

statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


II 


6 

s 

O 
"S 








1,890 




BRIQ-HTOlSr. — Continued. 


6 


284 






6 






222 






161 


Court 




212 




Total 6-inch ■ 






2,775 




CHESTNUT-HILL RESERVOIR. 


60 


260 




Total 60-inch 






260 






48 


207 




Total 48-inch 


207 









Report of the Water Board. 



167 



iO CO t-(M O tJ< 00 f-4 0> t 
CO QO uD uD (M 
C^ (M *-( rH rH 



I r-t OS 0> rH CO Ol-^ lO CO 



C^ (N 00 Oi unto 00 C^ 
O r-l 00 C^ 



00 C^ <M CO t^r^ COtJI 



P 

H 

M 



<2a) 
O c8 



.2g £» 43 



Sc 



as a: 



fl o 



•22 

<« a 

O C3 

a- c 



s ft 



E-iE hS 






O e! 
s o 



■s a 

o a 



5-^ 
r3 9 



c!p^ C3P4 <Sp^ C5p^ ^ C^ ^ 



■ o Q 



o o 



Ehoq Hm Hm hS E-i 






sa 

00 02 



168 



City Document No. 79. 



&3 



■i 



"Si 






Oi-HOC^b-r-lTitiCiCOC^eOi— IC^ 
to Tt .-( r-i I— l-H IM CO CO C^ 



Oi '^ T*< Oi Oi CO t- CO CTi O O 00 CD t-H O C^ 
oeOi— (Tpc^-^irtiirjifSiMcooocOio «0 
l:-OOCOCOOC<10i-"a>C<J(N 



^ 




^ 




^ 






^- 






























IM 










o -* 


t— 


lO to Oi ■* >n 


m 


>o C^ 






^ 






















































?i 






















<N 


(N 


rt 




« 





»r5 tOiOQOO 

>n . rt . o .1-1 .-# 



OOi^OOCOeOiOirsQOOCO-rfutil 
lO iO t-T to* r-T «r 






O 1— I 



IM lO to iH m IM lO X5 O C^ 



COOiO-^eOCOC^QOOOC^O 
C^ O O t- Cn i-( 

oo_ <N_ e^ OS 'O 
lA to" co" o" co" 



^-os^Etgasssa-Sa a^ 

o o •" S •" 5 •■" *^ ■" o 



5 ^ 1= ■ 

^ CO -g "on ti to £ "oD m'S "^ U ' 



•S'2 S.-S P..S S,.S S,.2 S,.H a.S S,.S S 



'u c: ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ u 



.0.5 X.S^l.hX.BtuhlbuhX. S- . 
Es i;f^ SP-i sS J;P^ S-^ SP-i SE'-^ 

*^ _a**^ a**-" r-V- r'^4-1 r-**-* c*4-< a**-"" 

OS HoCocococoQoCoC 
CD [z ajjz ajtz iDb- (ujz aJlz ojz <u 

gj ^^ qj^^ Qj^^ ^^-t ijrH ^^H Qjf-1 ^ 
fa fafaEl(|x,^|X(^ 



Report or the Water Board. 



169 



•^ 



2>5 















5 


~ 




O 




•adij JO 
jgqcun^ 


« 


la 


CO 


05 

a- 






o 
S 




S 


IM 




t- 

? 

4 




•adij JO 
jaquitiii 


e^ 


00 










q^Suei 


o 
to 


CO 




•adij JO 
jaquinjsi; 


IM 






S 

o 
Q 


q^Suaq; 


F 


a 






•adr<j JO 
jaqnin^ 


e^ 




00 




no 

id 

O B 

« 2 
K 


q^guaT; 










•adij JO 
jaqtnti^ 






i 




i 

n 

m 

O 

W 

to 


qiSua^; 


(M 

0- 


>c 


tc 
u- 




00 

rH 

CD 

-a 

3 

a 
1 

3 SB 
C 


•adij JO 
jaqamj^i 


O 


r- 






00 

O 

pq 
S 

H 

u 
o 

02 


•iaa^ nt 
q^Suai 


" 


: ! 


_ 


•adi<i JO 
jaqran^ 


CI 


T 




o 

H 

o 

n 


•^aaj m " 
qiSuaq; 


1 •« 

-; 


O 


5 ? 
O 


^ 

6 

< 


•adij JO 

jaqran^ 


tf 


C- 


\ a 






2 














OS m 
















Hi- 






t >«fc 


e 







170 



City Document No. 79. 



Repairs of Pipes during the Year 187S. 



Where. 


Diameter of Pipes in Inches. 




40 


36 


30 


20 


16 


12 


9 


8 


6 


4 


3 


2 


1| 


U 


1 


% 


1 

473 
103 
76 
94 
11 
14 
3 

774 


h 

28 
9 
5 
6 
2 
1 

51 


3 

o 


Boston 

South Boston . . 
East Boston . . , 
Boston EUghlands 
Dorchester . . . 
West Roxbury . 
Brighton .... 


2 
2 


3 
3 


5 
1 

6 


6 
6 

■ 
12 


3 
3 


23 

4 
2 

2 

1 

32 


2 

2 


4 

3 

2 
3 

12 


59 
8 
5 
5 
3 

80 


52 
4 
1 
3 
4 

64 


8 
1 

9 


10 
1 

20 


113 

1 

114 


3 
3 


24 
9 
4 
1 

38 


9 
1 
2 

12 


821 

154 

105 

111 

24 

19 

3 




1237 



Of the leaks that have occurred on pipes of 4 inches 
and upwards : joints, 137 ; settling of earth, 17 ; 
defective pipe, 10 ; defective packing, 20 ; de- 
fective gate, 3; cap blown off, 2; struck by 
pick, 1 ; burst by frost, 1. Total . . . 191 

Stoppage by fish, 17; frost outside, 4; frost in- 
side, 1 . 22 

Of 3-inch and on service pipes : joints, 17 ; settling 
of earth, 166; settling of planking, 1; defective 
pipe, 69 ; defective faucet, 3 ; defective coup- 
ling, 22 ; defective packing, 20 ; coupling loose 
at main, 2 ; faucet loose at main, 2 ; faucet 
blown out, 1; stiff connections, 112; struck by 
pick, 61 ; pipes not in use, 3 ; gnawed by 
rats, 15 ; by roots of a tree, 1 ; cover falling 
upon pipe, 1 ; stone falling upon pipe, 2 ; burst 
by frost, 4. Total ...... 502 

Stoppage by fish, 280 ; rust, 202 ; dirt, 1 ; 

gasket, 1; frost outside, 21; frost inside, 17, 522 



Total . 



1,237 



Eeport of Water Board. 



171 



Statement of Number of Leaks and Stoppages, 1850-1878. 





Diameter of. 




Pour inches and 
upwards. 


Less than four 
inches. 


1850 


32 

64 

82 

85 

74 

75 

75 

85 

77 

82 

134 

109 

117 

97 

95 

111 

139 

122 

82 

82 

157 

185 

188 

153 

434 

203 

214 

109 

213 


72 
173 
241 
260 
280 
219 
232 
278 
324 
449 
458 
399 
373 
397 
394 
496 
536 
437 
449 
407 
769 
1,380 
1,459 
1,076 
2,120 
725 
734 
801 
1,024 


1851 


1852 


1853 


1854 


1855 


1856 ...» 

1857 


1858 


1859 


I860 


1861 


1862 


1863 


1864 


1865 


1866 


1867 


1868 


1869 


1870 


1871 


1872 


1873 


1874 




1876 


1877 


1878 





Totals. 



104 
237 
323 
345 
354 
294 
307 
363 
401 
531 
592 
508 
490 
494 
489 
607 
675 
609 
531 
489 
926 
1,565 
1,647 
1,229 
2,554 
928 
948 
910 
1,237 



172 City Document No. 79. 

Hydeants. 

During the year 117 hydrants have been established, and 
30 abandoned, as follows ; — 



Lowry. 


Established. 
Boston. Y. 


Post. 


Abandoned. 
Lowry. Boston. 


Dif. 


Boston, 


13 


4 


5 


1 


23 


1 15 


7 


South Boston, 


1 


2 


4 




7 


2 


5 


East Boston, 





1 


1 




2 




2 


Boston Highlands 


1 


5 


1 


4 


11 


1 1 


9 


Dorchester, 


5 


12 


7 


13 


37 


2 6 


29 


West Roxbury, 


1 


10 


4 


8 


23 




23 


Brighton , 


1 


3 





10 


14 


1 


13 


Charlestown, 












1 


1 



22 37 22 36 = 117 4 26 = 30 87 



Total amount up to May 1, 1879 



Boston . 
South Boston 
East Boston . 
Boston Highlands 
Dorchester 
West Roxbury 
Brighton 
Deer Island . 
Brookline 
Charlestown . 
Chelsea 



,319 

481 
293 
778 
659 
301 
202 

16 
8 

10 



4,075 



25 hydrants have been taken out and replaced by new or 
repaired ones, and 87 boxes have been taken out and re- 
placed by new ones. The hydrants have had the usual at- 
tention paid them. 



Stopcocks. 

116 new stopcocks have been established this year, 
boxes have been taken out and replaced by new ones, 
the stopcocks have had the proper attention paid them. 



54 
All 



Keport of the Water Board. 173 

statement of Pipes and other Stock on hand, exclusive of Tools, May 1, 1879. 





Diameter in Inches. 




60 
2 


48 
19 


40 
32 


36 
34 


30 

41 
3 
1 
2 
4 

11 

7 
4 
2 

21 
10 

2 
2 
4 
1 

18 
2 
4 


24 
32 

1 
8 
9 
1 
29 

3 

7 

19 
4 

9 
5 

3 
1 


20 

53 
1 
1 
5 
2 

3 

3 
9 

11 
3 

2 

1 

1 


16 

93 

1 

14 

23 

2 

5 

3 

4 

5 

14 
6 

19 

7 


12 

1,773 

1 

57 

32 
3 

24 
6 
8 

35 

3 

59 

21 
10 

27 
8 

33 

15 


10 

48 

5 
12 

2 

6 
1 


9 
6 

43 

3 


8 
822 

19 
64 

12 
14 
9 
31 

27 
51 

44 
13 

55 
2 

17 

15 


6 
1,021 

6 
78 

6 
130 
15 

6 
53 

6 

9 

34 
13 
34 
15 

12 

7 

2 
26 

25 


4 
345 

25 
1 

17 
17 
5 
18 
3 
28 
15 

30 
2 

10 

7 

6 
37 

20 


3 

144 

9 

7 

7 
22 

22 
31 

35 


2 
1 

16 
1 


li 






Blow-off Branches 




4- Way Branches 






2 
9 

1 
6 

2 

1 


1 
6 
1 
11 
2 
2 
3 

3 

2 

2 

2 
1 




3- Way Branches 




2 












1 


16 
3 


3 


Clamp Sleeves 


Caps 






Reducers 








Bevel Hubs 

Curve Pipe 




13 










Double Hubs 

Offset Pipes 

Yoke Pipes 

Manhole Pipes 

One-eighth Turns 






1 
1 
2 

3 

4 

1 






1 
1 


5 
2 




Blow-off and Manholes 

Plugs 




Thawing Clamps 

Straps 




















Manhole Branches 









Lowry Hydrants. — 52 Lowry hydrants, 5 barrels, 1 pot, 
4 frames and covers, 2 square covers, 14 bottom extensions, 
3 top extensions, 14 wastes, 77 rubber valves, ^Q rubber 
rings, 24 iron valves, 10 chucks, 491 bolts, 322 nuts, 407 
lbs. comp. castings, unfinished. 

Post Hydrants. — 30 Post hydrants, 22 fr.mies and covers, 
19 valve pots, 1 pot, 2 rubber valves, 93 rubber rings, 54 
lbs. composition castings. 



174 City Document No. 79. 

Boston Hydrants. — 70 Boston hydrants, 50 frames and 
covers, 17 heavy frames and covers, 68 straps, 137 wastes, 
18 bends, 7 frames, 10 valve-seats, 100 screws, 32 nuts. 

Boston Y Hydrants. — 12 Y hydrants, 1 pot, 21 rubber 
valves, 18 frames and covers. 

For Stopcocks. — 1 4-inch screw for waste wier, 1 do. for 
Brookline reservoir, 2 16-inch check valves, 8 12-inch 
valves, 18 8-inch valves, 18 8-inch screws, 130 8-inch rings, 

18 8-inch stuffing-boxes, 6 2^ -f 2-inch valves, 7 2^-inch 
screws for goosenecks, 43 frames, 114 covers, 5 heavy frames 
and covers, 28 reservoir covers, 9 B. O. covers, 850 bolts, 
356 malleable nuts, 10,477 lbs. iron castings, for 12, 8, 6, 
and 3-inch gates, 1,182 lbs. comp. castings for same. 

Meters in Shop. — 1 3-inch, 8 2-inch, 5 1-inch, 45|-inch. 

Stock for Meters.' — 26 1-inch cocks and pipes for connec- 
tions, 30|-inch do., 45|-inch clocks, 60 spindles, 42 rubber 
nipples, 40 glasses, 8 sheets strawboard, 2 2-inch connection 
pieces, 1 3-inch do., 6|-inch do., 6 4-inch and 10 3-inch fish 
boxes. 

For Service Pipe. — 39 2-inch nipples, 38 2-inch nuts, 38 
2-inch tubes, 9 l|-inch union cocks, 9 |-inch nuts and tubes, 

19 1^-inch union cocks, 45 l|-inch tubes, 53 1^-inch nuts, 
38 l|-inch male couplings, 114 1-inch union cocks, 5 1-inch 
air-cocks, 56 1-inch T cocks, 70 1-inch tubes, 83 1-inch 
nuts, 115 1-inch male couplings, 13 |-inch union cocks, 37|- 
T cocks, 80 |-inch tubes, 106 |-inch nuts, 87 |-inch male 
couplings, 177 |-inch union cocks, 42 |-inch crooked cocks, 
36 |-inch thawing cocks, 36 |-inch T cocks, 21: |-inch Y 
cocks, 76 |-inch solder-cocks, 24 |-inch right angle cocks, 
41|-inch thawing couplings, 48 |-inch male couplings, 460 
|-inch tubes, 289 |-inch nuts, 53 i-inch union cocks, 19 ^- 
inch crooked cocks, 221-inch male couplings, 10 l-inch nuts, 
30 ^-inch tubes, 13 2-inch double headers, 26 flange-pipe 
for 1-inch cocks, 104 extension-tubes, 290 caps, 150 boxes, 
138 T boxes (new), 24 T boxes, 22 Y boxes, 109 square 
boxes. 

Lead Pipe. — 255 lbs. 3-inch lead pipe, 416 lbs. 2-inch 
lead pipe, 337 lbs. l|-inch lead pipe, 858 lbs. 1^-inch lead 
pipe, 2,170 lbs. 1-inch lead pipe, 3,232 |-inch lead pipe, 
17,574 lbs. |-inch lead pipe, 1,042 lbs. |-inch lead-pipe, 376 
lbs. 1-inch tin-lined pipe, 318 lbs. |-inch tin-lined pipe, 74 
lbs. |-inch block-tin pipe, 30 lbs. banca tin, 60 lbs. solder. 

Blacksmith'' s Shop. — 1,685 lbs. round iron, 2,935 lbs. flat 
iron, 824 lbs. cast steel, 68 lbs. spring steel, 56 lbs. shoes, 
17 pick blanks, 4 tons Cumberland coal. 

Carpenter's Shop. — 12 Lowry hydrant-boxes, 9 post do., 
10 Boston do., &2 Lowry do., unfinished, 7 stopcock boxes, 



Kepoet of the Water Board. 175 

18 do., unfinished, 8 meter boxes, 1,700 lbs. spikes and 
nails, 45,900 ft. 2-incli plank, 200 paving-blocks, 459 ft. 
spruce joist. 

Tools. — 1 steam-engine, 1 large hoisting-crane, 3 boom 
derricks, 8 hand-geared do., 8 sets shears, and rigging for 
same, 8 tool-houses, 4 tool-boxes, 7 nozzles, 2 platform 
scales, 1 portable blacksmith shop, 1 portable cover for 
^Brewer Fountain, 1 hand-roller, 2 horse do., tools for laying 
main and service pipes, 2 engine-lathes, 1 foot do., 1 
hand do., 1 Pratt and Whitney do., 1 planer, 1 boring-mill, 
1 chain hoisting gear, 1 upright drilling-machine, 4 grind- 
stones, 1 trip hammer, the necessary tools for carrying on 
the machine, blacksmith, carpenter, and plumbing shops, 1 
circular-saw, 1 fan-blower, 1 40-inch proving-press, 1 36- 
inch do., 1 small do., 9 wheelbarrows, 3 handbarrows, also 
a lot of patterns at foundery where we obtain castings. 

Stable. — 13 horses, 13 wagons, 2 buggies, 6 pungs, 1 
sled, 2 sets runners, 2 carts, 17 sets harness, 30 blankets, 3 
buffalo robes, 8 tons hay, 100 bushels grain, 1 jigger, 4 lap- 
ropes, 2 hay-cutters. 

Beacon Hill Reservoir. — 1 large composition cylinder, 1 
16-inch jet, 1 6-inch composition jet, 3 composition plates, 9 
cast-iron plates, 2 4-inch composition jets, 5 swivel-pipe 
patterns, 1 2-inch copper straight jet, 6 composition jet for 
small fountains 

Miscellaneous. — 30,332 lbs. pig lead, 1,646 lbs. gasket, 
1 fountain basin, 1 stone trough for drinl^ing-fountain, 80 
cords wood, 1 thawing-boiler, 1 hose-carriage, 1 garden- 
pump, 65 3-inch earthen pipe, 1 12-inch earthen \ turn, 2 
6-inch 1^ do., 95 lbs. sal. soda, 140 lbs. new rope, 1,000 paving- 
brick, 20 face-brick, 5 tons sand, 300 tons gravel, 22 gallons 
neat's-foot oil, 45 gallons kerosene-oil, 24 gallons linseed-oil, 
30 lbs waste, 3 bbls. cement, lot of old bolts. 

E. E. JONES. 

Superintendent Eastern Division. 



176 City Document No. 79. 



CIVIL ORGANIZATION OF THE WATER WORKS, FROM 
THEIR COMMENCEMENT, TO MAY 1, 1879. 

Watek Commissioners. 

Nathan Hale, James F. Baldwin, Thomas B. Curtis. From 
May.4, 1846, to January 4, 1850. 

Engineers for Construction. 

John B. Jervis, of New York, Consulting Engineer. From May, 
1846, to November, 1848. 

E. S. Chesbrough, Chief Engineer of the Western Division. From 
May, 1846 to January 4, 1860. 

William S. Whitwell, Chief Engineer of the Eastern Division. 
From May, 1846, to January 4, 1850. 

City Engineers having charge of the Works. 

E. S. Chesbrough, Engineer. From November 18, 1850, to October 
1, 1855. 

George H. Bailey, Assistant Engineer. From January 27, 1851, 
to July 19, 1852. 

H. S. McKean, Assistant Engineer. From July 19, 1852, to October 
1, 1855. 

James Slade, Engineer. From October 1, 1855, to April 1, 1863. 

N. Henry Crafts, Assistant Engineer. From October 1, 1855, to 
April 1, 1863. 

N. Henry Crafts, City Engineer. From April 1, 1863, to November 
25, 1872. 

Thomas W. Davis, Assistant Engineer. From April 1, 1863, to 
December 8, 1866. 

Henry M. Wightman, Resident Engineer at C. H. Reservoir. From 
February 14, 1866, to November, 1870. 

Joseph P. Davis, City Engineer. From November 25, 1872, to 
present time. 

A. Fteley, Resident Engineer on construction of Sudbury-river 
works, from May 10, 1873, to present time. 

After January''4, 1850, Messrs. E. S. Chesbrough, W. S. Whitwell, 
and J. Avery Richards, were elected a Water Board, subject to the 
direction of a Joint Standing Committee of the City Council, by an ordi- 
nance passed December 31, 1849, which was limited to keep in force one 
year; and in 1851 the Cochituate Water Board was established. 

Cochituate Water Board. 

Presidents of the Board. 

Thomas Wetmore, elected in 1851, and resigned Api-il 7, 

1856t Five years. 

John H. Wilkins, elected in 1856, and resigned June 5, 

1860J Four years. 

Ebenezer Johnson, elected in 1860, term expired April 

3, 1865 Five years. 

Otis Norcross, elected in 1865, and resigned Jan- 
uary 15, 1867 One year and nine months. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



177 



John H. Thorndike, elected ia 1867, 

.April 6, 1868 

Nathaniel, J. Bradlee, elected April 

resigned January 4, 1871 
Charles H. Allen, elected January 4, 

4,1873. 
John A. Haven, elected May 4, 1873 

1874t 

Thomas Gogin, elected Dec. 17, 1874, 

May 31, 1875 

L. ]\iiLES Standish, elected August 5, 

31, 1876 . . . ... 



term expired 
One year and three months. 
6, 1868, and 

Two years and nine months. 
1871, to May 

Two years and four months, 
to Dec. 17, 

One year and seven months, 
and resigned 

. Six months. 
1875, to July 

. One year. 



62, 63 



, and 



Members of the Board. 

Thomas Wetmohe, 1851, 52, 53, 54, and 55J 

John H. Wilkins, 1851, 52, 53, "^56, 57, 58, and 59i 

Henry B. Rogers, 1851, 52, 53, *54, and 55 

Jonathan Preston, 1851, 52, 63, and 56 

James W. Seaver, 1851J . 

Samuel A. Eliot, 1851J 

John T. Heard, 1851 .... 

Adam W. Thaxter, Jr., 1852, 53, 54, 55$ 

Sampson Reed, 1852 and 1853 . , " 

Ezra Lincoln. 1852$ . . . " . 

Thomas Sprague, 1853, 54, and 55$ . 

Samuel Hatch, 1854, 55, 56, 57, 68, and 61 

Charles Stoddard, 1854, 55, 56, and 57$ 

William Washburn, 1854 and 55 

TiSDALE Drake, 1856, 67, 68, and 69$ 

Thomas P. Rich, 1856, 57, and 58$ . 

John T. Dinglet, 1856 and 69$ . 

Joseph Smith, 1856$ . . . • 

Ebenezer Johnson, 1867, 68, 59, 60, 61, 

64 

Samuel Hall, 1867, 58, 59, 60, and 61$ 

George P. French, 1859, 60, 61, 62, and 63 

Ebenezer Atkins, 1869$ . 

George Dennie, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64, and 66 

Clement Wills, 1860 .... 

G. E. Pierce, 1860$ . . . . 

Jabez Frederick, 1861, 62, and 63$ . 

George Hinman, 1862 and 63 

John F. Pray, 1862 . . . . 

J. C. J. Brown, 1862 .... 

Jonas Fitch, 1864, 65, and 66 . 

Otis Norcross, *1865 and 66 

John H. Thorndike, 1864, 66, 66, and 67$ 

Benjamin F. Stevens, 1866, 67, and 68 

William S. Hills, 1867 

Charles R. Train, 1868 . 

Joseph M. Wightman, 1868 and 69 

Benjamin James, *1858, 68, and 69 

Francis A. Osborn, 1869 . 

Walter E. Hawes, 1870$ . 

John O. Poor, 1870 . 

Hollis R. Gray, 1870 . 

Nathaniel J. Bradlee, 1863, 64, 65 

70, and 71 

George Lewis, 1868, 69, 70, and 71 

12 



, 66, 



67, 68, 69, 



Five years. 
Eight 3'ears. 
Five years. 
Four years. 
One year. 

One j-ear. 
Four years. 
Two years. 
One year. 
Three j'ears. 
Six years. 
Four years. 
Two years. 
Four years, 
Three years, 
Two years. 
Two months. 

Eight years. 
Five years. 
Five years. 
One year. 
Six years. 
One year. 
One year. 
Three years. 
Two years. 
One year. 
One year. 
Three years. 
Two years. 
Four years. 
Three j^ears. 
One year. 
One year. 
Two years. 
Three years, 
One year. 
One year. 
One year. 
One year. 

Nine years. 
Four years. 



178 



City Document No. 79. 



67, 68, 69, 



Sidney Squires, 1871 .... 
Charles H. Hersey, 1872 . 
Charles H. Allen, 1869, 70, 71, and 72 
Alexander Wadsworth, *1864, 65, 66, 

and 72 

Charles R. McLean* 1867, 73, and 74 

Edward P. Wilbur, 1873 and 74 

John A. Haven,, 1870, 71, 72, 73, and 74J 

Thomas Gogin, 1873, 74, and 75* 

Amos L. Noyes, 1871, 72, and 75 

William G. Thacher, 1873, 74, and 75 

Charles J. Prescott, 1875 

Edward A. White, 1872, 73, 74, 75, and 76t . 

Leonard R. Cutter, 1871, 72, 73, 74, 75, and 76t . 

L. Miles Standish, 1860, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 74, 

75, and 76t . . . . 
Charles E. Powers, *1875 and 76t 
Solomon B. Stebbins, 18761 
Nahum M. Morrison, 1876t 
Augustus Parker, 1876t . 



One year. 
One year. 
Four years. 

Seven years. 
Three j^ears. 
Two years. 
Five years. 
Three years. 
Three years. 
Three years. 
One year. 
Five years. 
Six years. 

Ten years. 
Two years. 
One year. 
One year. 
One year. 



* Mr. John H. Wilkins resigned Nov. 15, 1855, and Charles Stoddard was elected to 
fill the vacancy. Mr. Henry B. Rogers resigned Got. 22, 1865. Mr. Wilkins was re- 
elected Feb., 1856, and chosen President of the Board, which oflBoe he held until his 
resignation, June 5, 1860, when Mr. Ebenezer Johnson was elected President; and 
July 2, Mr. L. Miles Standish was elected to fill the vacancy oooasioned by the resig- 
nation of Mr. Wilkins. Otis Norcross resigned Jan. 15, 1867, having been elected 
Mayor of the city. Benjamin James served one year, in 1858, and was reelected in 
1868. Alexander Wadsworth served six years, 1864-69, and was reelected in 1872. 
Thomas Gogin resigned May 31, 1875. Charles E. Powers was elected July 15 to fill 
the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Mr. Gogin. 

t Served until the organization of the Boston Water Board. 

j: Deceased. 



Report of the Water Board. 179 



Boston Water Board, Organized July 31, 1876. 

Timothy T. Sawyer, Chairman., from July 81, 1876. 
Leonard R. Cutter, from July 31, 1876. 
Albert Stanwood, from July 31, 1876. 

Clerk. 
Walter E. Swan. 

Superintendent of the Eastern Division of Cochituate Department. 
I Ezekiel R. Jones. 

Superintendent of the Western Division of Cochituate Departmeut. 
Desmond Fitzgerald. 

Superintendent of Mystic Department. 
Charles H. Bigelow. 

Water Registrar of the Cochituate Department. 
William F. Davis. 

Water Registrar of the Mystic Department. 
Joseph H. Caldwell. 

' City Engineer. 
Joseph P. Davis. 

Resident Engineer on Additional Supply. 
A. Fteley. 



SHELF No. 



[April, 1879, 10,000.] 

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBEARY. 

Central Department, Boylston Street. 



One volume allowed at a time, and obtained only by 
card ; to be kept 14 days (or seven days in the case of fiction 
and juvenile books, published within one year,) without fine ; 
not to be renewed ; to be reclaimed by messenger after 21 
days, who will collect "20 cents, beside line of 2 centF a day, 
including Sundays and holidays; not to be lent out of the 
borrower's household, and not to be transferred; to be 
returned at this Hall. 

Borrowers finding this book mutilated orunwarrantably 
defaced, are expected to report it ; and also any undue de- 
lay in the delivery of books. 

***No claim can be established because of the failure of 
any notice, to or from the Librarj', through the mail. 



Tie record below must not lie made or altered by borrower. 



«