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Full text of "Annual report of the Boston Water Board, for the year ending .."



RESENTED TO Tl+E 










FOUETH ANNUAL REPORT 



Boston Water Board, 



» FOE THE 



YEAR ENDING APRIL 30, 1880. 



•*r. 







BOSTON : 

ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 39 ARCH STREET. 
1880. 



(Bo^ir. VOcJiCr Set . 



With Complhnents of 

Boston Water Board, 



Digitized by tine Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofbo1880bost 



[DocuMEi^T 108 — 1880.] 



CITY OF ^Mm BOSTON. 




FOURTH ANNUAL EEPOET 

OP THE 

BOSTON WATER BOARD, 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING APRIL 30, 1880. ' 



Office of Boston Water Board, 

May 1, 1880. 

To the City Council of the City of Boston : — 

The Boston Water Board respectfully submit their fourth 
annual report, including reports from the City Engineer, 
Water Registrar, Clerk of the Board, Superintendents of the 
Eastern and Western Divisions of the Cochituate works, and 
from the Clerk and Registrar and the Superintendent of the 
Mystic Department. 

The reports of these officers are full and explicit in regard 
to the details of the work accomplished in the several por- 
tions of the Boston Water Works during the past year. The 
Board will confine themselves to a general review of the con- 
dition of the works, the necessity for immediate extension in 
certain directions, and some of the most important questions 
of administration which have arisen since the date of their 
last report. 

As far as the general condition of the lakes, basins, aque- 
ducts, reservoirs, and all the existing structures, with their 
many appliances for the distribution of water, is concerned, 
the Board are happy to state that they have never been in a 
more satisfactory condition. The principal exceptions are 
the Cochituate aqueduct and the Brookline reservoir, which 
have often been alluded to in past reports. It is the inten- 
tion of the Board to begin systematic repairs on these struct- 
ures at the first opportunity. 



2 City Document No. 108. 

A large amount of work has been accomplished during the 
past year in finishing the storage basins connected with the 
Sudbury-river supply, and those portions of the dams which 
were in process of construction at the date of the last report. 
Basins 1,2, and 3, including the gate-houses, are now en- 
tirely completed, and are in daily use for the supply of tj;ie 
city. 

Consumption of Water. 

The average daily consumption of water for the year 1879, 
including the Mystic Works, was 34,579,370 gallons, — an 
increase of 9 per cent, over the consumption of 1878. The 
increased consumption from the Cochituate and Sudbury 
river supplies was 10.7 per cent, in excess of the previous 
year, and amounted to over 25,000,000 gallons per day. 
This excessive use of water has caused the Board no little 
anxiety, and it is evident that steps must be taken, at once, 
both to stop its wanton waste and to supply works to meet 
legitimate and largely-growing demands. 

In the original scheme for the " Additional Supply," it was 
estimated that seven storage basins would be required in the 
Sudbury water-shed to secure a supply of 40,000,000 
gallons per day ; but that for some years a supply of 
20,000,000 gallons would be sufficient, and that this amount 
would be secured by the construction of the three lowest 
basins on the river. These, already built, are now furnishing 
the amount of water estimated, but it is clear to the minds of 
the Water Board that before a new basin can be built and 
properly prepared for service, including the loss of two or 
three working seasons, its services will be imperatively 
needed. The Board, therefore, unanimously urge the City 
Council to take immediate steps towards the construction of 
an additional basin. 

The Engineer estimates that the saving in the actual 
building of the new works over the estimated cost would 
more than pay for the basin asked for. 

An inspection of the figures connected with the Mystic de- 
partment will also show that the capacities of this source of 
supply have been fully reached, and that some plan must be 
devised to increase the supply materially. The Board have 
had under consideration several methods for accomplishing 
this end, and, as soon as that scheme which will promise the 
best results for the interests of the city has been decided 
upon (and it must be determined soon), the City Council 
will be asked for a definite appropriation. The Board, how- 
ever, are inclined to believe that, in view of the large ex- 



Report of the Water Board. 3 

penditures already made for the purification of the Mystic 
water, its generally pure nature, and the growing demands 
necessitating the husbanding of all available resources, the 
Mystic supply should be retained and enlarged, either by 
connection with the Cochituate works, additional storage 
facilities, or by acquisitions from an entirely new source. 



Sudbury River. 

Sudbury river has supplied to the city nearly 4,000,000,- 
000 gallons, or an average daily supply of over 10,000,000 
gallons. A small portion of this amount was diverted into 
Lake Cochituate, but the greater part was sent directly to 
Chestnut Hill reservoir. 

Basins Nos. 1 and 3 were filled early in the year, but owing 
to delays in the construction of Basin No. 2, that basin was 
not filled until late in the summer. 

On May 2, 1879, the contract for building the gate-house 
at Dam No, 1 was awarded to Messrs. Norcross Bros., of 
Boston. This structure was finished Feb. 25, 1880. On 
June 19, 1879, the contracts for building the gate-houses at 
Dams 2 and 3 were awarded to James Fagan and B. F. 
Dewing, respectively, and they were completed Jan. 24, 
1880. The buildings were designed by the City Architect. 

A large portion of the time of the Board has been taken 
up in the settlement of unadjusted claims against the city 
for land and water damages. Some of these were of an 
intricate and delicate character, but it is believed that they 
have been settled for the best interests of the city. A few 
cases still remain unsettled, and are now in the hands of the 
City Solicitor for trial. 

The question of the expediency of removing the loam from 
the bottom of the storage basins has been brought before the 
Board several times during the year. On June 13, 1879, the 
Park Commissioners addressed a communication to them, 
representing the desirability of removing the loam for park 
purposes, and enclosing estimates and a report from the City 
Engineer in relation to the matter. These documents were 
at once forwarded to the City Council, with a request from 
the Water Board for a special appropriation ; but as no action 
was arrived at, the basins, later in the season, had to be 
filled, to insure a supply for the city. 

On April 12, 1880, in answer to an order from the City 
Council, another report was made, including one from the 
City Engineer, reviewing the question and demonstrating the 
impossibility of accomplishing anything very satisfactory 



4 City Document No. 108. 

in this direction under the present condition of the water 
supply. 

Lake Cochituate. 

All the water available from this source of supply has been 
run to the city steadily during the year. The surface was 
drawn down about seven feet during the season of 1879, but 
was filled again during the spring of the present year. A 
number of important improvements have been made on this 
portion of the works. Two new dams have been built to flow 
large areas of submerged meadows, which were formerly ex- 
130sed whenever the lake was drawn down. The cost of these 
dams was insignificant compared with the advantage gained. 
The settling basins at Pegan brook have also been cleaned 
out and their dams repaired, as more fully set forth else- 
where. 

A new dam at the outlet of the lake will be required in the 
near future, and it is the intention of the Board to accom- 
plish this work as soon as possible. In the mean time the 
present dam will be temporarily modified. 

For several years the dangers threatening the purity of 
the water, by the contamination of the brooks entering the 
lake, have engaged the attention of the Board, but there 
seemed to be no legal solution of the difficulties which arose 
until the Statute of 1878 was passed. This Act gave the 
State Board of Health direct control over cases of sewage 
pollution, and under this law the most energetic measures 
have been pursued for the purpose of eliminating, as far 
as possible, all danger? from sewerage matter. To this 
end the Superintendents and Engineers of the several 
departments were directed to report to the Board the 
name of every party known to be polluting the sources of 
supply, together with descriptions of their premises. As 
far as these reports related to Lake Cochituate it was found, 
as expected, that Pegan brook, in Natick, demanded the 
earnest attention of the city, and, acting under the advice 
of the City Solicitor, proceedings were begun against 
certain parties refusing to comply with the formal request 
of the Board, to cease polluting the brook. 

This action was taken only after mature deliberation, and 
when consultation with the selectmen of Natick had failed to 
secure any satisfaction to the city. These cases have not 
yet been decided. 

An attempt was made during the period of low water last 
year to repair the upper end of the Cochituate aqueduct ; 
but, owing to the rapid rise of the water in the lake, the 
undertaking was postponed. No formal examination of the 



Keport of the Water Board. 5 

brick-work has been made, but from a cursory inspectio-n in 
boats it is believed that no more serious defects exist in 
this aqueduct than at the date of the last report. 

Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

This reservoir is in remarkably good order. The small 
basin at Brookline will be cleaned out and the masonry of 
the gate-houses repaired when the new 48-inch main is laid. 
Authority for laying this main was obtained from the Legis- 
lature on March 19, 1880, and from the City Council on 
April 23, 1880. The Board proceeded at once to contract 
for the pipes, and it is expected that the work will be com- 
pleted before another season. 

A 30-inch main will also be laid through Francis street in 
Brookline, connecting the 40-inch main on Brookline avenue 
with the 36-inch and 30-inch mains on Tremont street. 

The 48-inch main is to run from Chestnut-Hill reservoir to 
the junction of Beacon street and Brookline and Brighton 
avenues, where it will join the old 40-inch main. The 
laying of these pipes will greatly assist in maintaining the 
pressure in the entire low-service supply of the city. 

The distributing pipes have been extended during the year 
by the laying of about 8 miles additional, making a total 
of more than 372 miles laid to date. 

High-Service Supply. 

The total quantity of water pumped during the year 1879 
was 820,827,210 gallons, against 753,162,900 gallons for the 
preceding year, — being an increase of 9 per cent. 

As will be seen by an inspection of the Engineer's report, 
no portion of the works has been taxed to so great an extent 
by the extraordinary increase in consumption as the high- 
service supply. The former Engineer repeatedly called the 
attention of the Board and the City Council to the dangers 
that might result from postponing too long the reconstruc- 
tion of the high-service works, and made several interesting 
reports on this subject, which will be found in City Docu- 
ment No. 117, 1875, and No. 80, 1876. 

The water has been pumped during the past year at a very 
much reduced cost, and the working of the three-million 
Worthington pump has been very satisfactory ; but already 
the machinery at the command of the Board has been taxed 
nearly to the limit of safety, and the attention of the City 
Council is called to the imperative necessity for beginning 
the new high-service works already recommended in past 
years. No further delay would be prudent in view of the 
dangers to which this portion of the distribution is liable 



6 City Document No. 108. 

from inadequate pumping facilities. Particular attention is 
called to the statements of the Engineer on this subject, 
which are indorsed by the Board. 

Mtstic Department. 

The works connected with this department are in a satis- 
factory condition. A portion of the grounds has been im- 
proved by grading and tree-planting. During the period of 
low water in November a quantity of muck was removed from 
some shallow flowage of the lake near the Mystic station in 
Winchester. The conduit was thoroughly cleaned in Oc- 
tober, and a large growth of vegetable matter removed. A 
decided improvement has resulted in the screenings. 

The engines have been kept in good working order, re- 
quiring only some minor repairs. They pumped during the 
year 1879, 3,242,848,221 gallons, at a cost of 5^^-^ cents per 
million gallons raised one foot. The attention of the City 
Council is called to the statement of the Engineer that the 
safe pumping capacity of these works has also been reached. 

Over three miles of cement pipes have been replaced with 
cast-iron. The diameters of the pipes relaid have been gen- 
erally larger than of those taken up. 

In July, 1879, a very disagreeable vegetable growth of al- 
gae appeared in Horn Pond, and spread quickly throughout 
the distribution of the system, causing great inconvenience 
to the water-takers. The evil was beyond any known rem- 
edy. The best experts were employed to investigate as to 
the cause, but without practical results. That the appear- 
ance of these plants is in no measure caused by sewage or 
other pollution is shown by the fact that the same growth 
has appeared, in a precisely similar manner, in one of the 
basins of the Sudbury-river supply, on Stony brook, a dis- 
trict free from danger of this sort. 

Extensive experiments were made by the Engineer, to de- 
termine whether or not it would be practicable to filter the 
water, and a report was made to the City Council on Dec. 1, 
1879, to which reference may be made for further partic- 
ulars. The Board intend to continue investigations into the 
circumstances attending the appearance of this unfortunate 
and phenomenal growth of vegetable matter as opportunity 
may ofier. 

AH the drainage of a very objectionable nature has been 
diverted during the year, either into the Mystic sewer, or by 
independent cesspools. None of the tanneries now discharge 
into the streams direct, as was formerly the case. Some o 
the owners complied with the demands of the Board only* 
after every means had been resorted to to evade them. Pro- 



Eeport of the Water Board. 7 

ceedings were commenced against several parties, before the 
State Board of Health, but the cases were withdrawn after 
every requirement of the Board had been met. 

The importance of increasing the supply of the Mystic 
Department, either by connection with the Cochituate works 
or otherwise, has been already discussed ; but in this connec- 
tion it may be well to state, that, on August 15, 1879, the 
City Council directed the Water Board to report the cost of 
connecting the Cochituate and Mystic supplies ; and that, on 
August 18, 1879, the Board reported back the estimate of 
the Engineer, which, exclusive of the cost of the 48-inch 
main from Chestnut Hill reservoir to the corner of Harvard 
street in Brookline, at which point the connection would be 
made, amounted to $340,000, and, including the 48-inch 
main, to $452,000 ; but the latter amount also provided for 
the cost of a pipe sufficiently large to supply the City of 
Cambridge. 

Earnings of the Works. 

The total receipts of the Cochituate Water Works, from 
all sources for the year ending April 30, 1880, are as 
follows, viz. : — 

Stock on hand May 1, 1879 . . . $88,780 34 

Income from sales of water . . . 1,044,780 52 
Income from shutting off and letting on 

water and fees ..... 3,612 25 

Sundry receipts by Water Board . . • 61,09591 
Profits in manufacturing hydrants, etc., etc., 

for the year ending March 15, 1879 . 3,743 68 

> 



$1,202,012 70 
The total amount charged to Cochituate 
Water Works for the year ending April 30, 
1880, is as follows, viz. : — 

Current expenses . . . $171,160 80 

Extension of works paid for 

out of income . . . 67,884 25 

Interest on funded debt . 643,037 93 

Amount paid Mystic Water 
Works for water furnished 
East Boston . . . 44,013 24 

Refunded main pipe assess- 
ment .... 50 00 

926,146 22 



Balance April 30, 1880 .... $275,866 48 



City Document No. 108. 



Stock on hand April 30, 1880, $61,159 24 
Paid to Cochituate Water 

Sinking Fund, April 30, 

1880 .... 214,707 24 



$275,866 48 



The outstanding Cochituate Water Loans 
at this date, exclusive of the Additional 
Supply, are as follows : — 



5 per cent. 


Sterling Loan (£399,500) $1,947,273 98 




Due Got. 


1, 1902 


5 per cent. 


Loans .... 100,000 00 


100,000 


Due April 


1, 1906 


5 per cent. 


Loan .... 1,000 00 


1,000 


Due Oct. 


1, 1907 






^ 16,000 


Due Jan. 


1, 1880 






50,000 


Due July 


1, 1880 






300,000 


Due Dec. 


1, 1897 






200,000 


Due Dec. 


12, 1897 






450,000 


Due June 


16, 1898 






640,000 


Due Got. 


1, 1898 






250,000 


Due April 


1, 1899 






625,000 


Due Jan. 


1, 1901 






688,000 


Due April 


1, 1901 






330,000 


Due July 


1, 1901 


6 per cent. 


Loans .... 4,319,000 00 


413,000 


Due April 


1, 1903 






38,000 


Due April 


1, 1904 






161,000 


Due Jan. 


1, 1905 






142,700 


Due April 


1, 1905 






6,000 


Due Got. 


1, 1905 






82,550 


Due Jan. 


1, 1906 






8,750 


Due April 


1, 1906 






4,000 


Due Oct. 


1, 1906 






8,000 


Due Jan. 


1, 1907 






5,000 


Due April 


1, 1907 






1,000 


Due July 


1, 1907 


4 per cent. 


Loan .... 280,000 00 
$6,647,273 98 


280,000 


Due April 


1, 1910 



The total receipts of the Mystic Water Works from all 
sources for the year ending April 30, 1880, are as follows, 
viz. : — 



Stock on hand. May 1, 1879 

Income from sales of water .... 

Income from shutting off and letting on water 
and fees ....... 

Sundry receipts by Water Board . 



The total amount charged to Mystic Water 
Works for the year ending April 30, 1880, is 
as follows, viz. ; — 



$19,968 58 

258,552 62 

823 00 

5,483 67 

$284,827 87 



Amount carried forward, 



$284,827 87 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



Amount brought forward, 

Current expenses . 

Extension of works paid for out 
of income .... 

Interest on funded debt . 

Amount paid Chelsea, Somer- 
ville, and Everett, under 
contracts .... 

Amount refunded Cochituate 
Water Works, for water fur- 
nished East Boston from 
Cochituate works, from July 
23 to Dec. 24, 1879 . 

Stock purchased but not used . 



$284,827 87 



$96,079 36 

1,702 92 
63,865 00 



24,409 83 



19,172 70 
12,052 95 



$217,282 76 



Balance, April 30, 1880 



$67,545 11 



Stock on hand, April 30, 1880, $14,547 05 
Paid to Mystic Water Sinking 

Fund, April 30, 1880 . . 52,998 06 



,545 11 



The outstanding Mystic Water loans at this date are as 
follows : — 



6 per cent, currency 
Water Loans 



5 per cent, currency 
Water Loans 



Mystic 



$613,000 00 



Mystic 



410,000 00 



6 per cent, currency Mystic Sewer 
Loans . . . 



$26,000 

1,000 

35,000 

60,000 

50,000 

3,000 

100,000 
51,000 

139,000 
67,000 
42,000 
39,000 



Due Oct. 1 
Due April 1 
Due April 1 
Due Oct. 1 
Due Oct. 1 
Due April 1 
Due July 1 
Due Jan. 1 
Due July 1 
Due Jan. 1 
Due July 1 
Due July 1 



100,000 Due Oct. 1 

202,000 Due Oct. 1 

6,000 Due Oct. 1 

102,000 Due April 1 



1881 
1885 
1886 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1890 
1891 
1891 
1892 
1892 
1893 

1882 
1883 
1893 
1894 



130,000 00 130,000 Due April 1, 1886 



$1,153,000 00 



10 



City Document No. 108. 



Mystic Sewer. 
Balance of loan, April 30, 1879 



123,781 64 



Receipts. 
Sales of old materials, etc. 



1,457 37 
$25,239 01 



Payments. 

To Mystic Water Sinking 

Fund $1,457 37 

Construction and land-dam- 
ages 2,027 28 



Balance unexpended April 30, 1880 



$3,484 65 
$21,754 36 



The following statement shows the appropriations by the 
City Council for an additional supply of water, with the 
loans issued to meet them, and the amount of expenditures 
to this date : — 



Additional Supply of Water. 



APPROPRIATIONS . 

Oct. 21, 1871. — Transfer from Eeserved Fund 

Apr. 12, 1872. — Order for Treasurer to borrow 

Apr. 11, 1873. — 

Feb. 26, 1875. — 

July 1, 1876. — 

Apr. 20, 1878. — 

Apr. 11, 1879. — 

Total appropriations to April 30, 1879 



$10,000 00 
100,000 00 
600,000 00 
1,500,000 00 
2,000,000 00 
600,000 00 
350,000 00 

$5,060,000 00 



Oct. 1, 1875. — Premium on $1,000,000 bonds, under 

order of Feb. 26, 1875 . $83,700 00 

April 1, 1876. — Premium on $452,000 bonds, 
under order of Feb. 26, 
1875 47,786 80 

Oct. 1, 1876. — Premium on $2,000,000 
bonds, under order of 
July 1, 1876 . . . 221,400 00 



352,886 80 



Amount carried forward, 



5,412,886 80 



Report of the Water Board. 



11 



Amount brottght forward, 




$5,412,886 80 


EXPENDED. 






1871-72 

1872-73 

1873-74 including $20,897.50 dis- 
count on bonds sold 
January, 1874 . 

1874-75 

1875-76 

1876-77 ..... 

1877-78 . . . . . 

1878-79 

1879-80 


$2,302 81 
' 61,278 83 

114,102 77 
224,956 68 
783,613 49 
1,924,060 24 
1,257,715 26 
635,658 08 
213,350 97 




il 30, 1880 


'" j^'j'' -"-^ 


Balance of appropriations unexpended Apr 


$195,847 67 


Balance of loans April 30, 1879 


$59,198 64 


Receipts. 






Sales of land, etc. .... 
New loan issued .... 


■ • 


$3,048 99 
350,000 00 




$412,247 63 



Payments. 

To sinking fund . . . $3,048 99 
Sundry payments for construe- ■„ 

tion, land-damages, etc. . 213,350 97 



$216,399 96 



Balance unexpended April 30, 1880 . . $195,847 67 



The outstanding loans which were made on account of Ad- 
ditional Supply of Water are as follows : — 



4 per cent. Loans, . . $670,000 

5 per cent. Loans, . . 3,452,000- 

6 per cent. Loan, . . 12,000 

6 per cent. Loans, . . 648,000' 

4i per cent. Loan, . . 268,000 



$82,000 
588,000 
,000,000 
452,000 
,000,000 

100,000 

492,000 

8,000 

48,000 



Due July 
Due April 
Due Oct. 
Due April 
Due Oct. 
Due April 
Due July 
Due April 
Due Jan'y 
Due July 
Due Oct. 



1, 1908 
1, 1908 
1, 1905 
1, 1906 
1, 1906 
1, 1908 
1, 1902 
1, 1903 
1, 1904 
1, 1905 
1, 1908 



),050,000 



12 City Document No. 108. 

In conclusion, the Board desire to place upon record their 
regrets at the resignation of Mr. Jos. P. Davis, the late City 
Engineer. Thoroughly skilled in every detail connected 
with water supply, and deeply interested in the proper de- 
velopment of the water-works system, the loss of his counsel 
will be felt no more sincerely by any department of the city 
than by this Board. 

LEONAKD R. CUTTER, Chairman, 
ALBERT STANWOOD, 
FRANCIS THOMPSON. 



EEPOET OF THE CLERK. 



Office of the Boston Water Board, 

Boston, May 1, 1880. 
Leonard K. Cutter, Esq., . 

Chairman of the Boston Water Board : — 

Sir, — The following is a statement of the receipts and 
expenditures of the Boston Water Board for the financial 
year ending April 30, 1880 : — 

Receipts. 

On account of Cochituate Water Works . $1,109,488 68 

" Additional Supply of Water . 3,048 99 

" " Mystic Water Works . . 264,859 29 

" " Mystic Sewer . . . 1,457 37 



Balance of loans unexpended 

April 30, 1879, Additional 

Supply of Water . . $59,198 64 
Mystic Sewer . . . 23,781 64 
New loans, Additional Supply 

of Water . . . . 350,000 00 
Appropriation Chestnut Hill 

driveway, 1879-80 . . 3,000 00 

Stock purchased in previous 

years, Cochituate Water 

Works .... 92,524 02 
Mystic Water Works . . 19,968 58 



,378,854 33 



548,472 88 
$1,927,327 21 



Expenditures. 

Current expenses, Cochituate 

Water Works . . . $171,160 80 

Current expenses, Mystic 

Water Works . . . 96,079 36 



Amounts carried forward, $267,240 16 $1,927,327 21 



14 CiTT Document No. 108. 

Amounts brought forimrd, $267,240 16 $1,927,327 21 
Extension of Cochitaate Water 

Works .... 67,884 25 
Extension of Mystic Water 

Works .... 1,702 92 

Stock on account Mystic 

Water Works, not used . 12,052 95 
Interest on Cochituate Water 

Loans . . . . 643,037 93 
Interest on Mystic Water 

Loans .... 63,865 00 
East Boston contract, account 

Cochituate Water Works . 44,013 24 
Chelsea, Somerville, and Ev- 
erett contracts, account 

Mystic Waterworks . 24,409 83 
Amount refunded Cochituate 

Water Works, for Cochitu- 
ate water furnished East 

Boston, account Mystic 

Water Works . . . 19,172 70 

Amount refunded Main Pipe 

Assessment, account Co- 
chituate Water Works . 50 00 
Construction, Additional Sup- 
ply of Water . . . 213,350 97 
Construction, Mystic Sewer . 2,027 28 
Surplus Income of Cochituate 

Water Works to Cochituate 

Water Sinking Fund . 214,707 24 

Income of Additional Supply 

of Water to Cochituate 

Water Sinking Fund . 3,048 99 

Surplus Income of Mystic 

Water Works to Mystic 

Water Sinking Fund . 52,998 06 
Income of Mystic Sewer to 

My Stic Water Sinking Fund, 1,457 37 

Chestnut-Hill Driveway . 2,999 76 

Balance of appropriation 

Chestnut-Hill Driveway 

carried into the Treasury 

April 30, 1880 . . 24 



1,634,018 89 
$293,308 32 



Repoet of the Watee Boaed. 15 

April 30, 1880, Balance of 
loans unexpended. Addi- 
tional Supply of Water . 1195,847 67 



Mystic Sewer 

Stock on hand April 30, 1880 

Cochituate Water Works 
Mystic Water Works . 



21,754 36 

61,159 24 
14,547 05 



1293,308 32 



Total Water Debt of the City of Boston. 

Cochituate, outstanding 

April 30, 1880 . . $11,697,273 98 
Mystic, outstanding April 

30, 1880 . . . 1,153,000 00 

112,850,273 98 



Cochituate Water Debt. 

Outstanding, April 30, 

1879 .... $11,753,273 98 
Issued in 1879-80 . . 630,000 00 



$12,383,273 98 
Paid in 1879-80 . . 686,000 00 . 

$11,697,273 ^^ 



Mystic Water Debt, 

Outstanding, April 30, 

1879 .... $1,153,000 00 
Paid in 1879-80 . . 0,000,000 00 

$1,153,000 00 



Total Water Sinking Funds, April 30, 1880. 

Cochituate Water Sinking 

Fund .... $1,771,692 62 
Mystic Water Sinking 

Fund .... 318,137 06 

. $2,089,829 68 



16 City Document No. 108. 

Trial Balance, CocMtuate Water WorTcs, April 30, 1880. 

Dr. Cr. 

Construction account . $16,341,908 25 

Cochituate Water Works . $16,341,908 25 

City Treasurer, Loan account 689,198 64 

Income of Additional Supply 

of Water . . . . 3,048 99 

Appropriation, Additional 

Supply of Water . . 195,847 67 

Appropriation, New Main, Co- 
chituate Water Works . 280,000 00 

Income of Cochituate Water 

Works .... 1,202,012 70 

Maintenance of Cochituate 

Waterworks . . . 171,160 80 

Extension of Cochituate 

Water Works . . . 67,884 25 

Interest on Cochituate Water 

Loans .... 643,037 93 

Mystic Water Works, East 

Boston Contract . . 44,013 24 

Refunded Pipe Assessments . 50 00 

Stock Account . . . 61,159 24 

City Treasurer, Revenue Ac- 
count ... . . 1,112,537 67 

Appropriation, Chestnut-Hill 

Driveway .... 24 

City Treasurer, Appropriation 

Account .... 3,000 00 

City Treasurer . . . 1,111,132 17 

Funded Debt . . .11,697,273 98 

Cochituate Water, 6% Cur- 
rency Loan . . . 4,967,000 00 

Cochituate Water, 5% Cur- 
rency Loan . . . 13,000 00 

Cochituate Water, 5% Gold 

Loan .... 3,552,000 00 

Cochituate Water, 5% Ster- 
ling Loan . . . . 1,947,273 98 

Cochituate Water, 4% Cur- 
rency Loan . . . 588,000 00 
Cochituate Water, 4% Loan 362,000 00 
Cochituate Water, 4]% Loan 268,000 00 

Amounts carried forward, $30,831,224 00 $30,831,224 00 



Keport of the Water Board. 17 

Amounts brought forward, $30,831,224 00 $30,831,224 00 
Commissioners on the Sinking 

Funds .... 1,771,692 62 
Cochituate Water, Sinking 

Fmid .... 1,771,692 62 



$32,602,916 62 $32,602,916 62 



Trial Balance, Mystic Water Works, April 30, 1880. 

Dr. Cr. 

Construction . . .$1,614,648 10 

Mystic Water Works $1,614,648 10 

City Treasurer, Revenue Ac- 
count .... 266,316 66 

Income of Mystic Water 

Works .... 272,774 92 

Maintenance of Mystic Water 

Works .... 96,079 36 

Extension of Mystic Water 

Works .... 1,702 92 

Interest on Mystic Water 

Loans .... 63,865 00 

Chelsea, Somerville, and Ever- 
ett Contracts . . . 24,409 83 

Cochituate Water Works . 19,172 70 

Stock 14,547 05 

City Treasurer, Loan Account 23,781 64 

Appropriation, Mystic Sewer 21,754 36 

Income of Mystic Sewer . 1,457 37 

City Treasurer . . . 213,888 51 

Funded Mystic Water Debt 1,153,000 00 

Mystic Water 6% Currency 

Loan .... 613,000 00 

Mystic Water 5% Currency 

Loan . . . . 410,000 00 

Mystic Sewer 6% Currency 

Loan .... 130,000 00 

Commissioners on the Sinking 

Funds .... 318,137 06 

Mystic Water Sinking Fund 318,137 06 



;,595,660 32 $3,595,660 32 



18 



City Document No. 108. 



Cost of Construction of the Cochituate Water Works to 
May i, 1880. 



Cost of Water Works to January 1, 1850, 
as per final report of Water Commis- 
sioners ...... 

Extension to East Boston . 

Jamaica-pond aqueduct 

New dam at Lake Cochituate 

Raising lake two feet, including damages 

Dudley pond, lower dam, and making con 
nections with lake . . . 

New main from Brookline reservoir . 

Land and water rights and land-damages 
since January 1, 1850 . 

New pipe-yard and repair-shop 

Upper yard, buildings, etc. 

New water-pipes, East Boston 

New main. East Boston 

Pumping-works at Lake Cochituate 

High-service, stand-pipe, engine-house and 
engines . 

High-service, South Boston 

Chestnut-Hill reservoir 

Parker-Hill reservoir 

Charles-river siphon . 

Keeper's house, Parker Hill 

Temporary high-service, Brighton 

New stable at Chestnut-Hill reservoir 

Pegan dam, Natick . 

Willow dam, Natick . . 

Additional supply of water, including land 
damages and all expenses 

Cost of laying main pipe since January 1 

1850 ; _ 

Cost of laying main pipe for extension in 
Roxbury, Dorchester, Brighton, and West 
Roxbury Districts ..... 



including land 



$3,998,051 83 

281,065 44 

13,237 50 

10,940 08 

28,002 18 

18,982 23 
304,991 83 

49,486 17 
25,666 51 
9,165 63 
20,999 43 
24,878 08 
15,000 00 

103,829 53 

27,860 29 

2,449,982 07 

228,246 17 

26,532 35 

2,764 90 

7,865 86 

8,103 55 

1,394 06 

1,567 29 

5,215,337 43 

1,709,445 62 



1,758,512 22 
$16,341,908 25 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 



19 



Cost of Construction of the Mystic Water Worhs to May 

1, 1880. 



Salaries . . . 




. $17,644 61 


Engineering .... 




. 33,746 87 


Land-damages . . •. 




. 91,855 38 


Eeservoir .... 




. 141,856 26 


Dam ..... 




. 17,167 26 


Conduit .... 




. 129,714 30 


Engine-house, coal-shed, and chimney . 


. 36,112 99 


Engines .... 




150,096 70 


Grubbing pond 




9,393 26 


Iron pipes . 




108,437 10 


Iron pipes, trenching 




. 61,029 59 


City distribution . 




. 162,335 23 


Hydrants .... 




19,976 21 


Stopcocks .... 




. 19,262 52 


Miscellaneous items 




14,012 51 


Roadway and bridge 




3,529 22 


Lowering Mystic river . 




3,012 06 


Inspections .... 




1,824 79 


Service pipes and meters 




133,858 70 


Hydrants for Somerville and Medford . 


2,653 08 


Somerville distribution 


. 


2,492 10 


Dwelling-house for engineer 


and firemar 




(pumping-station) 




4,871 02 


Chelsea extension . . 




. 37,347 ^^ 


Medford extension 




3,997 41 


Drinking fountains 




1,415 05 


New line of supply main 




. 203,050 09 


Stable and pipe-yard 




8,964 64 


Extension of engine-house and boiler 


33,727 43 


New force main . 




9,875 17 


Mystic sewer 




108,245 64 


New stable, engine-house 




1,767 39 


Additional force main . 




24,882 96 


Main pipe laying since 1873 . 




16,492 70 




11,614,648 10 



Respectfully submitted, 

W. E. SWAN, 
Clerk of the Boston Water Board. 



EEPOET OF THE CITY ENGINEEE. 



Office of City Engineer, 

City Hall, Boston, 

May 1, 1880. 

L. R. Cutter, Ohairman Boston Water Board: — 

Sir, — In accordance with the requirements of the ordi- 
nance establishing the Boston Water Board, I respectfully 
submit the following report on the condition of the Water 
Works. Owing to the pressure of business I have been unable 
to forward it as early as requested. 

COCHITUATE WORKS. 
Sudbury River and Lake Cochituate. 

In 1879 the water from the additional supply which until 
then had been taken directly from Sudbury river below the 
dam, was for the first time taken mostly from the storage 
reservoirs. 

Reservoir No. 3, on Stony brook, which had been filled 
for the first time in December, 1878, remained full or nearly 
so until July, when it commenced to go down and con- 
tinued to do so until the middle of August ; a heavy rain at 
that time brought its surface to elevation 172.95. It went 
down again after that time until September 20th, when 
the reservoir filled gradually and commenced to overflow on 
December 26th, and the waste has continued without inter- 
ruption to date. 

Reservoir No. 2, owing to the delay in the construction of 
its dam, remained empty until August, when copious rains 
filled it almost to overflowing ; it was heavily drawn from 
during the summer and went down in December to elevation 
156.50. It was refilled in the fall and has remained full to 
date. 

Reservoir No 1, kept full in the beginning of the year, 
then emptied in April to allow the work to proceed at Dam 
No. 2, WHS refilled in December, and has been kept so since. 

Although the spring rains have not been so abundant as in 
other years, the overflow from the three dams has been very 
large all the winter and spring. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 21 

During the year 1879, 3,749,200,000 gallons of water have 
been supplied to the city from the Sudbury river. This 
amount is equivalent to a daily supply of 10,271,800 gallons 
for the whole year. Of the above amount 411,300,000 
gallons were diverted to Lake Cochituate and 3,337,900,000 
gallons sent to Chestnut-Hill reservoir. The table on page 
49 gives the monthly quantities diverted from the river to 
Lake Cochituate and Chestnut-Hill reservoir since 1872. 

Lake Cochituate was 16 inches below high-water mark, or 
133 feet above tide marsh level, on the first day of January, 
1879. Until the first of September the surface was kept 
within 3 feet of high-water ; Oct. 1st it had fallen to 
129.54; Nov. 1st to 127.43; Dec. 1st to 126.60; Dec. 29th 
to 126.41, — the lowest point reached during the year. Since 
Jan. 1st, 1880, the lake surface has risen, standing Feb. 1st, 
129.28 ; March 1st, 132.00 ; April 1st, 132.88 ; and May 1st, 
134.10, or 3 inches below high-water mark. 

Water has been wasted at the outlet dam from Feb. 28th 
to March 1.3th, March 18th to April 28th, and from May 2d 
to 8th (1879), the total waste being 1,523,361,400 gallons, 
equal to a daily supply of 4,173,600 gallons for the year. 

During the months of November and December, 1879, two 
dams were built at the lake, to retain, at or near high-water 
mark, the water on the meadows of Course, Beaver-dam, and 
Pegan brooks. 

The dam for the meadows of Course and Beaver-dam 
brooks is situated at the culvert under the Central turnpike. 
It is semi-circular in plan, and consists of a centre of 6-inch 
tongued and grooved sheet- piling driven on a circle of 30 
feet radius, backed with gravel filling, having a slope of 2 to 
1 and faced with stone filling which is paved on the surface. 

A sluice Q^ feet in width is built through the dam and is 
provided with stop-planks for retaining the water at any 
desired height. The dam for the Pegan-brook meadows was 
built on the site of a former dam. The old dam was raised 
and improved by the addition of a paved overflow 34 feet in 
length and of a sluice-way 6 feet in width, the latter for the 
purpose of regulating the depth of the water on the meadows. 
The filter dams, on Pegan brook, have been repaired and 
both basins thoroughly cleaned. 



High-Service Eeservoir and Pumps. 

The averao'e height of the water in Parker-Hill reservoir 
has been 217.85 feet above tide marsh level, or .49 feet higher 
than in 1878. 



22 



City Document No. 108. 



The table on page 56 shows the work done by the 
pumpmg-engine during the year 1879. Practically all the 
pumping has been done by the Worthington engine and the 
economy of this plan is shown by the cost of pumping given 
below. 

Total quantity of water pumped, 820,827,210 gallons. 

Total coal consumed, 1,510,500 lbs., of which 13.4 per 
cent, were ashes and clinkers. 

Average lift, 114.8 feet. 

Quantity pumped per pound of coal, 543.4 gallons. 

Average duty 52,057,100 ft. lbs. per 100 lbs. of coal 
(without deductions for ashes and clinkers). 

The average daily quantity pumped was 2,248,840 gallons, 
an increase of 9 per cent, over that of 1878. 



Cost of Pumping. 



Salaries . 

Fuel 

Repairs . 

Oil, waste, and packing 

Gas and small supplies 

Total 



13,840 


88 


3,474 


25 


69 


62 


169 


78 


292 


52 



$7,847 05 



The cost of pumping 1,000,000 gallons one foot high in 
each year since the works have been in operation has been 
as follows : — 



1871 . 


. $0.37 


1874 . 


. $0,244 


1877 . 


. $0,137 


1872 . 


. 0.34 


1875 . 


. 0.22 


1878 . 


. 0.122 


1873 . 


. 0.283 


1876 . 


. 0.18 


1879 . 


. 0.083 



Brighton High-Service. 

The daily average quantity pumped at this station has 
varied from 25,000 to 200,000 gallons. 

This variation is caused by the large amount used during 
the summer season for watering streets and lawns. 

The Brighton high-service being of a temporary nature, it 
was not deemed advisable, at the time of construction, to 
purchase land for a reservoir ; the present one was located in 
the grounds of the High-School house in Rockland street, 
which are not as high as could be wished. Since the works 
have been in operation it has been found desirable to increase 
the pressure in the distributing pipes and this result has 
been successfully obtained at a small cost by the introduction 



Report of the Water Board. 23 

of a check-valve, with a safety-valve by-pass on the force 
main just outside of the reservoir. 

When the pumps are in motion the check-valve remains 
closed, and the surplus water not used by the consumers 
flows through the by-pass into the reservoir and the pressure 
in the mains is kept above the reservoir head. When the 
pumps are stopped, or when from any cause the draught 
upon the mains is in excess of the pumping capacity, the 
pressure falls, the check-valve opens, and the distributing 
pipes are supplied from the reservoir. 

With this arrangement an increased head of 46 feet 
above that due to the height of the reservoir has been main- 
tained during the day hours since Sept. 1. The pumps 
and boilers are in good condition. 



MYSTIC WORKS. 

Mystic Lake. 

From the beginning of the year until the middle of June 
the water in the lake remained near high- water mark. 

August 1st it had fallen to 3.75 feet above tide-marsh 
level; August 18th, 2.56; Sept. 1st it had risen to 4.04; 
Oct. 1st it stood at 3.50; Nov. 1st, 1.51; Dec. 1st, 0.82; 
Dec. 5th at 0.75, — the lowest point reached since the winter 
of 1874-75. From this date the lake surface rose until the 
25th of Jan., when it reached high-water mark, and com- 
menced to overflow at the outlet dam. 

During the year .3,735,800,000 gallons have been wasted 
at the outlet dam, equivalent to an average daily supply of 
10,235,000 gallons for the entire year. 

In October the conduit was examined and a large quantity 
of vegetable growth and fresh-water mussels was removed 
from the upper portion. No new cracks were discovered in 
the masonry. 

During the year the grounds near the entrances to the 
dam have been much improved by grading and by the 
planting of shade and ornamental trees. The bridge over 
the outlet dam has been entirely rebuilt. 

Mystic-Valley Sewer. 

Four tanneries have been connected with the sewer during 
the year, necessitating the construction of as many catch- 
basins. 

All the tanneries and dwellings within reach of the sewer, 



24 



City Document No. 108. 



which formerly discharged their refuse into the streams or 
ponds of the Mystic supply, now discharge into the sewer. 
The catch-basins and branch drains have been cleaned and 
flushed when required. 

Mystic Pumping-Station and Reservoir. 

The table on page 57 shows the work done by the en- 
gines at this station during the year. 

Engine No. 1 was in use 1,729 hours 15 minutes. 



2 " 


(( 


3,212 


(( 


34 


3 " 


(( 


7,436 


(( 


17 



Total amount pumped, 3,242,848,221 gallons. 

Total coal consumed, 0,884,516 lbs., of which 7.5 per 
cent, were ashes and clinkers. 

Average lift, 149.36 feet. 

Quantity pumped per pound of coal, 418.8 gallons, an in- 
crease of 23.2 gallons over the amount for 1878. 

Average duty of the three engines, 52,175,700 ft. lbs. per 
100 lbs. of coal. (No deductions.) 

Evaporation in the boilers from and at 212°, as deter- 
mined by measurement of the water, 10.07 lbs. of water per 
lb. of coal. 



Cost of Pumping 



Salaries 

Fuel .... 

Repairs 

Oil, waste, and packing 

Small supplies 

Total 



$6,920 50 

17,^366 09 

453 24 

901 09 

105 62 

$25,746 54 



Cost per million gallons raised one foot high, $0,053. 

The pumps have required no extensive repairs during the 
year, and are now in good condition. 

A large number of shade and ornamental trees have been 
planted on the engine-house grounds. 

At the reservoir changes have been made in the location 
of the roadway and in the grading of the slopes. A 24-inch 
connection has been made outside of the gate-house, between 
two of the supply-mains, to facilitate the making of repairs 
or examinations in the gate-house in case they should be re- 
quired. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 25 



Pipes and Pipe Plans. 

The capacity of the mains bringing the supply from Brook- 
line reservoir to the city has not been increased since the 
year 1859. Since that time the consumption from the Co- 
chituate works has increased from 13,175,000 to 25,695,000 
gallons or nearly 100 per cent. The effect of this large 
increase has been to greatly diminish the head or pressure 
in the city. Observations made during the past year show 
that, during the time of greatest consumption, the loss of 
head is from 32 to 34 feet. 

In view of increasing the supply, and thus preventing this 
excessive loss of head, surveys and estimates were made for 
a new 48-inch main from Chestnut-Hill reservoir to the 
city. The new main having been authorized by the City 
Council, contracts have been made for the pipes and it 
is expected that the line will be completed during the pres- 
ent season. During the year the Cochituate distribution 
has been extended by the laying of about 8 miles of pipe. 

In the Charlestown District about 17,200 ft. of the wrought- 
iron and cement pipe have been replaced by cast-iron and 
in most cases the sizes of the pipes have been increased. 
The plans showing the pipe system have had the year's ex- 
tensions added as usual, and plans of Brighton, on a scale of 
100 feet to an inch, have been completed, so that now the 
entire city is shown on that scale. A large plan has also 
been made, showing the entire high-service distribution 
system. 

Quality. 

The quality of the Cochituate water has been good through- 
out the year. The Sudbury river water has been somewhat 
colored and, at times, has had a slightly bitter taste which 
was noticed in the city late in the fall, when the river 
water was sent directly into the distribution pipes without 
passing through Chestnut-Hill reservoir. 

The rest of the time, the Cochituate and Sudbury river 
waters were mixed in the proportions shown in the accompa- 
nying diagram and table. 

In the early part of September an abundant growth of 
algae developed itself in Eeservoir No. 3 of the Sudbury- 
river works. The reservoir was immediately isolated from 
the rest of the supply, and, owing probably to that precau- 
tion, the algoe did not show themselves except in small 
quantity in Basin No. 1, Farm Pond, and Chestnut-Hill res- 
ervoir. The presence of the algae in Reservoir No. 3 was 



26 City Document No. 108. 

observed until the beginning of December, when, the water 
having resumed its former quality, it was drawn as usual for 
the supply of the city. The plants observed were extremely 
minute, but grew in such quantities as to fill the water to 
which they gave a mealy appearance ; the portions near the 
surface of the water were often gathered together, by the 
action of the wind, into green patches, which were blown 
towards the lee shore. These microscopic algse were of 
two liinds, one having a somewhat globular form, the other 
presenting the appearance of a curved string of beads. The 
quantities observed were constantly varying, increasing 
sometimes with wonderful rapidity. The cause of this growth 
is not known, and, with the present knowledge of these 
matters, no remedy can be applied ; the formation of the 
algoB seems to be wholly independent of the depth of the 
water, but closely follows the changes of temperature, in- 
creasing when it rises, and diminishing when it lowers. 

The algce were not observed in Reservoir No. 2, which is 
not as deep as Reservoir No. 3. 

The experience of the past year shows the value of the 
independent connections of the reservoirs of the Sudbury- 
river supply, without which it would have been impossible 
to prevent the contaminated water from reaching the distrib- 
uting pipes of the city, to the great inconvenience of the 
water-takers. 

In July another alga, the Olathrocystis, similar to one of 
those observed in Reservoir No. 3, made its appearance in 
large quantities in the water of Horn pond, from which it 
found its way into Mystic pond and thence into the distrib- 
uting pipes ; being very minute, it could not be stopped by 
screens. It is somewhat remarkable that it should originate 
in the deep water of Horn pond, yet could not be found in 
the Abbajona river above the outlet of its tributary from this 
pond. The complaints about the quality of water became 
so numerous that, in the middle of August, the City Govern- 
ment instructed your Board to consider and report upon the 
expediency and cost of introducing a system of filtration in 
connection with the Mystic water supply. My predeces- 
sor, at your request, investigated the subject, and, in his 
report to your Board, ^ made in November, came to the con- 
clusion that the only practicable mode of filtering the whole 
of Mystic supply is by means of artificial filtering beds ; it 
would require a very extensive filtering area, and the esti- 
mate of cost of such a scheme is $427,000, which would be 

I The report is given in full in the Appendix. 



Report of the Water Board. 27 

increased to $507,000 if it was found necessary to cover the 
filter beds ; this expenditure was not recommended. 

I would call the attention of your Board to the following 
extract of Mr. Davis' report upon the filtration of the 
Mystic water : " If vegetable growth shall prove as trouble- 
some in the future as it has been in the past few years, some 
steps, such as by filtration, by connection with the Cochitu- 
ate works, by seeking a new source, or by employing tem- 
porary expedients, must be taken." 

Your Board has already had under consideration one of 
the above suggestions, — that of connecting the Mystic 
works by an independent pipe with Chestnut-Hill reser- 
voir. Should the growth of algcE develop itself again in 
the Mystic supply, this costly scheme would be looked upon 
more favorably if the pipe was to be partly used for furnish- 
ing a supply of water to the city of Cambridge which has 
already manifested its intention of entering into negotiations 
with the city of Boston for that purpose. 

In November the algm disappeared from Mystic lake and 
the water resumed its ordinary condition. 

In the Appendix may be found a report, kindly furnished 
by Prof. W. R. Nichols of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, which gives the results of his analysis of the 
water supplied to the city. 



Additional Supply, Sudbury River. 

The amount expended to date for the additional supply 
is $5,217,039.13. 

The total sum appropriated for the construc- 
tion of the additional supply is . . $5,412,886 80 
Amount expended to date .... 5,217,039 13 



Leaving a balance of . .... $195,847 67 

Of the amount expended, $3,728,530.54 have been spent 
for work done and materials furnished, including the con- 
struction and maintenance of the temporary connection. 
$1,488,601.93 have been spent for preliminary surveys, 
for investigations into various sources of supply, for land 
and water damages, for engineering, superintendence, and 
other expenses. 

It has always been considered of the utmost importance 
for the purity of the additional supply to divert the sur- 
face drainage of South Framingham from Farm pond, and 
an allowance was made in the orio^inal estimate of cost for 



28 City Document No. 108. 

the probable expense of whatever share of the work the city 
might have to do for the purpose of securing in this manner 
the purity of the supply. A plan has been studied for a 
sewer along the eastern shore of Farm pond to the Sudbury 
river. Its construction has, however, been delayed by vari- 
ous circumstances over which this department has had no 
control ; but it is to be hoped that either some method will 
be devised for stopping this objectionable drainage from 
being discharged into the pond, or some arrangement can be 
made by which this structure may be speedily constructed. 
With this exception, and that of some work of minor impor- 
tance which remains to be done, the construction of the addi- 
tional supply as contemplated in the original estimates, with 
three reservoirs, may be considered as completed ; and, in 
due time, a special report on the subject is to be submitted 
to your Board. 

During the year Dam No. 2 has been finished, and the two 
highways ordered by the County Commissioners of Middle- 
sex, between Framingham and Ashland, have been com- 
pleted. The three reservoirs and Farm pond have been put 
in complete working order, and the supply has been drawn 
from them for a portion of the year. All the gate-houses 
connected with the dam have also been finished and fitted for 
work. For the year ending Dec. 31st, 1879, the average 
record of rainfall at five points in the Sudbury-river water- 
shed (Hopkinton, Westborough, Marlborough, Southborough 
and Framingham), is 41.419 inches, of which 45.33% found 
its way into the river. The total yield of the water-shed 
was 25,528,900,000 gallons, equivalent to a depth of 18.775 
inches over the whole drainage area, or to a daily flow of 
nearly 70,000,000 gallons. 

By comparison with the preceding years (page 51) it 
may be seen that 1879 has been a dry year ; and, had it not 
been for an abundant rain in August, the reservoirs would 
have been very low at the end of the season. 

Condition of the Water Works. 

All the works are, in most respects, in a satisfactory con- 
dition. The Cochituate conduit has some weak points which 
it would be well to strengthen. This structure has been 
taxed beyond its capacity for years, and, as the flow of water 
through it could not be stopped for any length of time, no 
thorough repairs have been made. With the new supply in 
operation the conditions are somewhat difi'erent, and some 
steps ought to be taken to put the conduit in perfect condi- 
tion. An attempt was made last fall to repair it at a point 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 29 

near Lake Cochituate, where the invert is known to require 
strengthening; but the pressure of the water could not be 
sufficiently overcome to do efficient work. 

The flow of the water through the two conduits ought to 
be so arranged that some needed repairs can be commenced 
and prosecuted systematically without interfering with the 
continuous supply of the city. Some portions of the Cochit- 
uate conduit near the lake, where it is built at a great depth, 
in ground saturated with water, will be difficult to reach, and 
the repairs will be costly. 

The attention of your Board must be called also to the 
necessity of taking some measures for the improvement of 
the outlet of Lake Cochituate. 

In 1857 the City Engineer (see Eeport of Water Board 
and of City Engineer, January, 1857) reported signs of 
weakness in the dam at the outlet of the lake. At his 
recommendation a second dam was built 460 feet below 
the original one, and the overflowing capacity of the latter 
was somewhat increased by widening its channel. 

Notwithstanding this alteration the capacity of the dam 
for the overflow of surplus water is not sufficient, and it has 
been necessary to regulate with great care the filling of the 
lake in the spring. This condition of things may have been 
satisfactory in years past, but cannot be allowed to continue. 
The general conditions of the water supply are changed. 
Lake Cochituate has become one of the storage reservoirs 
for the water of Sudbury river, and, with the increased con- 
sumption of water, it becomes necessary to keep Lake 
Cochituate as full as it is deemed prudent. Every spring 
those in charge find themselves compelled either to keep the 
surface of the lake low, necessitating the loss of a large 
storage capacity, in order to leave room for possible freshets, 
or to fill the lake at considerable risk in case an abundant 
rainfall should occur. 

An investigation of this subject, recently made by the 
Superintendent of the Western Division, under the direction 
of my predecessor, confirms me in the opinion that some 
early action must be taken in this matter. 

Consumption of Water. 

The average daily consumption has been, for the year 
1879, as follows: — 
From Mystic lake 8,883,470 gall. 

" Lake Cochituate and Sudbury river . 25,695,900 " 



Total 34,579,370 " 

An increase of 9 per cent, over the consumption of 1878. 



30 City Document No. 108. 

On page 50 can be seen the comparative daily con- 
sumption from the Cochituate and Mystic works from 1873 
to 1879, inclusive. 

On page 49 are shown the quantities of water diverted 
from Sudbury river. 

The accompanying diagrams, relating to the same subject, 
explain themselves. 

These tables and diagrams show a large increase in the 
consumption of water, chiefly from the Cochituate and Sud- 
bury supply, which has been drawn from to the amount of 
10.7 per cent, in excess of the consumption of the previous 
year. At this rate of increase the limit of the present supply 
would soon be reached. Its maximum capacity in case of a 
diy year is shown by the following figures : — 

Minimum daily yield of Lake Cochituate 

in a dry year 12,000,000 galls. 

Intended daily yield of the three reservoirs 

on Sudbury river .... 20,000,000 '« 



32,000,000 



Deduct 11- million gallons, which the city 
must let run in the Sudbury river 
below its dams 1,500,000 



Total daily supply available in a dry year, 30,500,000 

Average daily consump- 
tion during the 
months of July, Au- 
gust, September, Oc- 
tober, and November, 
1879 . . . 26,850,000 galls. 

Amount to be probably 
furnished to East 
Boston . . . 2,500,000 ' 



29,350,000 



Excess of daily supply over consumption 

in a dry year 1,150,000 '' 

If the waste of water is not stopped, it is clear that, in 
case of a dry season, the present supply would soon fall 
short of the wants of the city, and, as two years, if not more, 
would be necessary to build more reservoirs and have them 
in readiness to supplement the supply, I believe it advisa- 
ble to take action towards securing the necessary lands for 
building at least one of the storage reservoirs contemplated 



Keport of the Watee Boerd. 



31 



in the valley of the Sudbury river or of its affluents. I 
have not at present sufficient data to make an exact estimate 
of the cost of the additional reservoirs contemplated on the 
Sudbury river, but the difference between the actual cost of 
the whole works, as now constructed, and the original 
estimate, would be more than sufficient to build one of them. 

In no part of the supply is the increase of consumption 
more noticeable than in the high-service. It is forcibly 
illustrated in one of the accompanying diagrams. 

The daily average quantities of water pumped at the 
Highland Pumping Station since 1871 have been as fol- 
lows : — 





Gallons. Yearly 


percentag 


1871 . . 


. 557,650 




1872 . 


. 633,500 


13.6 


1873 . 


. 1,023,350 


61.5 


1874 . 


.1,260,700 


23.2 


1875 . 


.1,269,910 


.7 


1876 . . . . 


.1,461,100 


15. 


1877 . . . . 


.1,718,000 


17.5 


1878 . . . . 


.2,063,460 


20.1 


1879 . . . . 


. 2,248,840 


9. 



No increase in area of territory supplied has been made 
since 1875, when the supply was extended to "West Roxbury, 
and the yearly increase in consumption since that time has 
been about 15 per cent. 

Assuming a yearly increase of 12 per cent, for the future, 
the consumption will be as follows : — 



1880 

1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 



2,520,000 gallons. 
2,820,000 >« 
3,160,000 «« 
3,540,000 *' 
3,963,000 '« 



In the winter the daily average would sometimes be higher, 
and, judging from present experience, it must be ex- 
pected that the daily average for January, 1883, will attain 
4,000,000 gallons. 

The figures given above are averages and would often be 
exceeded for weeks at a time when the demand upon the 
high-service is at its maximum. 

Such a service as will be required within a short time is 
beyond the safe pumping capacity of the present machinery. 
A special report on the subject (City Document No. 117, 
1875) by the City Engineer to the Water Board, presented 



32 City Document No. 108. 

all the facts necessary to show that prompt action ought to 
be taken in the matter. Since then, by the erection of the 
Worthington 3,000,000 gallon pumping-engiue, and by the 
construction of the Brighton high-service works, a temporary 
relief has been experienced ; but, considering that legislative 
authority must be obtained, and that at least two years, 
are necessary for the construction of a permanent system of 
high-service works, it is evident, unless there is immediate 
action taken, that the new high-service works, as recom- 
mended by the Cochituate Water Board in 1875, cannot 
be completed before the safe capacity of the present works 
is exceeded. 

In this connection I would call your attention to the fol- 
lowing extract from the report of the Cochituate Water 
Board to the City Council, dated December 2, 1875, as being 
especially applicable at present : — 

"In submitting the accompanying report of the City En- 
gineer upon a new high-service system of water supply . 

the Cochituate Water Board desires to express 
the following opinions : — 

^^First. That, owing to the recent annexation of West 
Roxbury and Brighton with their large areas of high lands, 
th§ constant extension of the high-service in the older di- 
visions of the city, and the increase of consumption that 
will result from increase of population in the districts now 
supplied, very largely increased facilities for furnishing the 
high-service supply will soon be imperatively demanded. 

^"Second. That, for reasons stated in the engineer's report, 
the present site of the pumping machinery should be aban- 
doned when any large increase in the works is made. 

'' Third. That a plan of new works should be adopted at 
an early day, and that, if the City Council concur in this 
opinion of the Board, the Legislature should be petitioned 
at its next session for the needful authority to build it. 

^^ Fourth. That the plan proposed and recommended by 
the engineer — that of pumping machinery located at Ches- 
nut Hill reservoir, with three distributing reservoirs and 
large connecting mains — is the one that should be adopted." 

It must be remembered that when the high-service works 
were constructed in 1869 they were intended for the supply 
of the high lands of the Roxbury District only ; since that 
time, by the annexation of Dorchester, West Roxbury, and 
Brighton, and the extension of the works to Beacon Hill and 
South Boston, the area included in the high-service districts 
has been increased from 760 to about 10,720 acres. 

The consumption is also increased by constant and grow- 



Report of the Water Board. 33 

ing demands for the extension of the high-service into dis- 
tricts now supplied by the low-service. 

The consumption of water from the Mystic works is also 
increasing, and the experience of several seasons, especially 
in 1874 aud 1879, when the surface of the lake receded to 
an uncommonly 'low level, shows that steps must be taken 
to increase in the dry season the supply furnished by that 
source. The average daily consumption for the whole year 
does not give an exact idea of the extent to which the source 
of the supply is taxed, as the maximum consumption gen- 
erally takes place in the dryest portion of the year when the 
supply depends mainly on the storage capacity of the lake. 
Owing to the irregularities of the daily consumption the 
limit of the safe pumping capacity of the works has already 
been reached. The distributing reservoir contains only two 
days' supply, and if the 8,000,000 gallon enghie should be 
temporarily disabled at a time when the daily consumption 
reaches 13,000,000 gallons, the remaining engines would 
barely maintain the supply, even if, as intended, East Boston 
is connected with the Cochituate service. 

In closing I wish to call your attention to the tables and 
diagrams, which are appended, showing the consumption of 
water, rainfall, etc., for the year 1879, and desire also to 
express my obligations to my chief assistant, Mr. Fteley, for 
his efficient aid in the compilation and preparation of this 
report. 

Respectfully submitted, 

HENRY M. WIGHTMAN, 

City Engineer. 



APPENDIX 



EEPORT OF J. P. DAYIS TO THE WATEE BOARD ON 
THE FILTRATION OF MYSTIC WATER. 



Boston, December 1, 1879. 
L. R. Cutter, Esq., Chairman Boston Water Board: — 

Sir, — The order of the Cit}^ Council requesting the Water Board 
to consider and report upon the cost and expedienc}^ of filtering the 
Mystic water suppl}^, was referred to me by vote of 3'our board on 
August 27. Since that date Mr. Fteley, resident engineer of the 
Sudburj'-river supply, has, by my direction, made such surveys 
and experiments having a bearing on the subject as the time at his 
disposal would permit. 

The investigations have not covered all the ground which it is, 
perhaps, desirable to cover, but regarding it as important to give 
you a report in season for its transmittal to the present City Gov- 
ernment, I respectfully submit the following : — 

The Cost. 

Experiments were made to ascertain the nature of the substrata 
in the vicinity of Mj^stic lake, and whether it would be practicable 
to obtain a sufficient supply of water by filtration through them. 

Material which was sufficiently porous to yield a large supply was 
found at a depth too gi'eat to admit of building a filtering gallery, 
but which could be reached and drawn from by wells of from twenty 
to thirty feet in depth. This stratum consists of fine gravel and 
yields a large supply of water, — part of which comes from the lake 
and part from the surrounding territory, — at least the effect of 
pumping and chemical analysis of the water point to these as the 
sources. 

The area of the subterranean source is not of sufficient extent to 
yield a large continuous supply, and experiments made with arti- 
ficial filters show that when the water is filled with the algce^ which 
have been so troublesome during the past summer, the filtering sur- 
face becomes quickly clogged and almost impervious, thus making 
it quite probable that the suppl}^ from the lake at such times would 
be soon cut off" and the ^deld of the gravel stratum reduced far 
below tlie present consumption from the M3-stic works. 

Other methods of filtering have been considered, but none of 
them except the ordinary one — that of passing the water through 
prepared beds of sand so arranged as to be readily accessible for 



Eeport of the Water Board. 35 

cleaning — promise to be successful in providing a sufficient supply 
of thorough!}^ filtered water. 

The estimated cost is, therefore, for artificial filters constructed 
on the European plan and consisting of two feet of fine sand, one 
foot of coarse sand, one foot of fine gravel, and three feet of coarse 
material placed in laj^ers in masoniy reservoirs or tanks. To filter 
10,000,000 gallons daily and to provide a surplus area that the 
process of cleaning may be carried on without interruption to the 
suppl}^ seven beds, each having an area of about 33,000 square 
feet, will be required, — allowing an average flow of fifty gallons 
per square foot per day. 

The relative levels of the lake surface and the existing conduit 
are such that pumps will be required to lift the water from the lake 
to the filters, which last will deliver the filtered water to the con- 
duit b}'^ gravitation, and are to be situated near the gate-house at 
the upper end of the conduit, where good sand and gravel for 
forming the beds are found. 

The estimated cost is as follows : — 

Inlet chamber and pumping station .... $120,000 
Filters, tracks, washing beds, etc 250,000 



$370,000 



Add ten per cent, for superintendence and contin- 
gencies 37,000 



$407,000 
Land-damages, say 20,000 



$427,000 



The cost of pumping and of operating the filters would be about 
five dollars per million gallons of filtered water. 

The interest upon cost of works at five per cent, would be nearly 
six dollars per million gallons, making the total cost eleven dollars. 

Expediency. 

Two kinds of pollution have been complained of, — sewage and 
vegetable growth. Since the construction of the Mj'stic Valley 
' sewer most of the former has been diverted from the lake, and it is 
expected that in a short time all direct drainage into the lake or 
its tributaries of refuse matter from dwellings, tanneries, and man- 
ufactories will be stopped. There will alwa3's remain, of course, 
the washings from the streets and land surfaces, which are objec- 
tionable, and especially so when coming from a thickly-settled 
territory. 

Filtration carefully conducted will remove matters held in sus- 
pension, but has very little effect upon the matters in solution. 
Some experiments and observations that have been made upon 
filtration through sand show that a slight proportion of the matters 
in solution is removed (probably b}^ oxidation) , but not enough to 
render the process, in this respect, of much value. 



36 City Document No. 108. 

Unfortunately, much of that which is dangerous to health in 
sewage is in solution ; hence the filtration of water thus polluted 
fails to restore its salubrity. 

During the past summer, and in that of 1876, the Mystic water 
was rendered unfit for many domestic purposes by the presence of 
immense quantities of algoi, a low order of plants which multiply 
with marvellous rapidity, diff"using themselves throughout large 
bodies of water in a single da}', apparently. 

There is no evidence that these algce are injurious to health, but 
when present in large numbers they give a disagreeable odor to the 
water and render its use extremely distasteful. 

Experiments made b}^ Mr. Fteley show that they may be com- 
pletely removed from the water by careful filtration through sand ; 
but the experience of Poughkeepsie, in this country, and of Berlin 
and other cities in Germany, shows that the filtering process does 
not arrest the spores of the plants ; at least, in those cities vegeta- 
ble growth has appeared anew in the filtered waters when stored. 

There are special difficulties attending the filtration of water in a 
climate subject to extremes of temperature. In the winter the 
water on the filter beds freezes, and thick bodies of ice often form, 
which require to be removed at a considerable cost when cleaning 
or repair of the filtering surfaces is needed. 

In the summer the hot sun acts upon the sand-beds through a 
shallow stratum of water, heating the water, and thus rendering it 
possible for plants to grow upon the surface of the filters. This 
growth seriously interferes with the action of the filtei's and neces- 
sitates frequent cleaning. 

Both of these troubles may be obviated by covering the beds by 
arches or roofs, and it is probable that the growth of algce in the 
filtered water may be prevented by covering the clear water res- 
ervoir. 

No estimate has been made of the cost of covering the reservoirs, 
but an approximate estimate, amounting to $80,000, has been made 
of the cost of building substantial sheds over the filters. 

An important matter which must be considered in discussing the 
question of expediency is that o^ waste of water. 

In my last annual report I showed that about one-half the water 
supplied to the city was wasted ; now it is obvious that filtration 
is too expensive an operation to apply to water which is to serve 
no useful purpose, but which is simply to be thrown away. 

If the consumption can be reduced to proper limits, and I know 
of no sound reason why it should not be, then filtration of the en- 
tire supply can be resorted to without throwing a serious burden 
upon the city. It ma}^ be well to say here, that already the con- 
sumption of the M3'stic water exceeds the quantit}' which its source, 
with its present storage capacity, can furnish in a season of great 
drought (see City Doc. No. 85, page 14, 1874), and that the pres- 
ent condition of the lake gives warning that either active measures 
must be taken to reduce the consumption, or large expenditures 
must be at once made to increase the suppl3^ 

East Boston has been supplied from the Cochituate works for the 
past four months. Had it been connected with the Mystic works 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 37 

during that time, Mystic lake would have been practically ex- 
hausted some days ago. 

From what precedes it will be seen that filtration is only a par- 
tial remedy for pollution by sewage ; that when carefully conducted 
it is a sufficient remedy for pollution by vegetable growth ; and that 
it is an expensive process, but that its cost may be brought within 
reasonable limits if waste of water is first prevented. 

If the vegetable growth shall prove as troublesome in the future 
as it has in the past few years, then, beyond doubt, some step, 
such as by filtration, by connecting with the Cochituate works, by 
seeking a new source, or by employing temporary expedients, 
must be taken to furnish the consumers of the Mystic water with a 
purer supply ; but I am of the opinion that it is inexpedient to 
build filters at the present time. 

JOSEPH P. DAVIS, 

City Engineer. 



EEPORT OF PROF. W. R. NICHOLS TO THE CITY 
ENGINEER. 



To H. M. WiGHTMAN, Esq., Oity Engineer: — 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith in tabular form the results of 
such chemical examinations of Cochituate and Mystic water as have 
been made in my laboratory during the past year. The anal34i- 
cal work has been performed under my direction by Mr. "W. W. 
Macfarlane, S.B., and I have full confidence in the accuracy of 
the results. 

Cochituate Water. 

The quality of the water delivered from the Cochituate works 
has been generally good. As in the case of all surface waters, a 
good filter will remove, at any time, more or less of animalcules 
and vegetable fragments, but there is no evidence that the presence 
of the small quantity of these foreign substances in the water 
actually used for drinking gives to it any unwholesome quality. 
During a portion of the year a very considerable amount of water 
has been contributed bj^the Sudbury-river works ; and, as a result, 
at times the water as drawn in the city has been quite strongly 
colored. For a few da3^s, during which, as I understood, experi- 
ments were being made on the flow of the water in the aqueduct, 
the water had rather a marked unpleasant taste, evidently due to 
the vegetable matter taken up in the storage basins. The bene- 
ficial eflects of exposing a water of this character to the air, in an 
open conduit or by passing through a reservoir, are very marked. 

Table I. contains the results of the examination of the water as 
drawn in the Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nolog}'. The method employed is that known as Frankland's, some 
description of which was given in the last report of the Water 
Board. For the benefit of those to whom this method is yet un- 
familiar, I may state that it consists in evaporating a certain quan- 
tity of the water to dryness, under suitable conditions, and sub- 
jecting the dry residue which remains to a process of organic 
analj^sis, in a closed vessel, in such a manner as to convert all the 
carbon and nitrogen of the organic matter into gaseous substances, 
which are collected and measured. The carbon and nitrogen are 
spoken of as organic carbon and organic nitrogen respectively, and 
they are sometimes taken , together and spoken of as the organic 
elements. The method is difficult and tedious, requiring the use of 
expensive and frangible apparatus, and consuming considerable 
time ; for these reasons it can never be popular. Moreover, as is 
the case with eveiy method employed for obtaining indications of 
the amount and character of the organic matter in the water, the 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



39 



results must be interpreted by a knowledge of the source from 
which the water is derived, and of its surroundings. It must be 
borne in mind, moreover, that the sum of the amounts of organic 
carbon and organic nitrogen does not represent the actual amount 
of organic matter present, for most organic substances which occur 
in natural waters contain in addition a larger or smaller amount 
of ox3'gen and of hydrogen ; how much, in any particular case, we 
cannot tell. In interpreting the results it is felt that considerable 
importance attaches to the relative proportion of carbon to nitrogen, 
for it is, in general, true that organic matter of vegetable origin 
contains a larger proportion of carbon, while organic matter of 
animal origin contains a larger proportion of nitrogen. ^ 



Table I. — Examination of Boston Water. 
(Results expressed as so many parts by weight in 100,000 parts by weight of the water.) 



Date. 



1879. 

June 26 . . . 
July 2 . . . 



.., 


zo 

31 


Aug. 


7 


<■ 


14 


" 


21 




28 


Sept 


4 


« 


11 


•' 


18 


" 


25 


Oct. 


2 


« 


9 


(( 


16 


" 


23 


" 


30 


Nov. 


21 


Dec. 


4 


'< 


19 



Temperature 
in Centigrade 



22.1 
23.2 
24.1 
26.7 
20.7 
20.5 
20.3 
20.1 
19.5 
17.9 
17.7 
18.9 
16.9 
15.5 
12.3 



amo 
Carbon. 



0.386 
0.377 
0.376 
0.384 
0.339 
0.398 
0.405 
0.432 
0.365 
0.401 
0.436 
0.443 
0.444 
0.404 
0.386 
0.409 
0.367 
0.402 
0.407 
0.449 
0.450 



Organic 
itrogen. 


Sum of the 

Organic 
Elements. 


Ratio. 

Carbon 
Nitrogen. 


0.022 


0.408 


17.5 


0.026 


0.403 


14.5 


0.030 


0.406 


12.5 


0.048 


0.432 


8.0 


0.029 


0.368 


11.7 


0.029 • 


0.427 


13.7 


0.027 


0.432 


15.0 


0.053 


0.485 


8.2 


0.073 


0.438 


5.0 


0.063 


0.464 


6.4 


0.042 


0.478 


10.4 


0.072 


0.515 


6.1 


0.069 


0.513 


6.4 


0.065 


0.469 


6.2 


0.038 


0.424 


10.1 


0.034 


0.443 


12.0 


0.049 


0.416 


7.5 


0.049 


0.451 


8.2 


0.062 


0.469 


6.6 


0.042 


0.491 


10.7 


0.051 


0.501 


8.8 



^ For a fuller discussion of Frankland's method, see Report of Massachusetts State 
Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity, 1880. Department of Health, pp. Ill, etseq. 



40 



City Document No. 108. ♦ 

Table I. — Continued. 



Date. 



Temperature 

in Centigrade 

Degrees. 



Organic 
Carbon. 



Organic 
Nitrogen. 



Sum of the 

Organic 
Elements. 



Ratio. 

Carbon 
Nitrogen. 



18SO. 

Jan. 1 . . . 

" 16. . . 

" 23. . . 

" 31 . . . 
Feb. 5. . . 



" 12. 

" 19. 

" 25. 

Mar. 4 , 

" 11. 

» 18. 

" 26 . 
April 1 . 

" 9, 

" 16. 

" 22, 

May 6 , 

" 13. 

'• 21 

" 28', 



3.3 
3.3 



3.6 
2.9 
4.0 



3.0 
3.1 
6.3 
4.2 
6.8 
4.2 
4.8 



9.2 
9.8 
18.2 
15.6 
15.8 
18.8 



Mean of 42 samples 



0.500 
0.545 
0.694 
0.614 
0.659 
0.668 
0.723 
0.592 
0.526 
0.582 
0.443 
0.413 
0.438 
0.368 
0.446 
0.39T 
0.360 
0.325 
0.361 
0.423 
0.447 
0.453 



0.055 
0.064 
0.064 
0.041 
0.061 
0.072 
0.063 
0.051 
0.064 
0.047 
0.071 
0.060 
0.037 
0.046 
0.048 
0.044 
0.047 
0.046 
0.063 
0.034 
0.075 
0.051 



0.555 
0.609 
0.758 
0.655 
0.720 
0.740 
0.786 
0.643 
0.590 
0.629 
0.514 
0.473 
0.475 
0.414 
0.494 
0.441 
0.407 
0.371 
0.424 
0.457 
0.522 
0.503 



9.0 

8.5 

10.8 

15.0 

10.8 

9.3 

11.5 

11.6 

8.2 

12.4 

6.2 

6.9 

11.8 

7.9 

9.3 

9.0 

7.7 

7.1 

5.7 

12.4 

6.0 

S.9 



Mystic Water. 

The samples of Mystic water have been furnished me from the 
office in Charlestown. The results of the examination are presented 
in Table II., together with the record of the examination of samples 
taken from the Mystic pond itself during a portion of the 3'ear. 
These samples were taken two feet below the surface, at a point 
some distance from the shore where the water is usually about 75 
feet deep. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



41 



Tarle II. — Examination of 3Iystic Water. 
(Results expressed as so many parts by weight in 100,000 parts by weight of the water.) 



Date. 


Locality. 




Ml- 


.2 ffl 

§ ? 


o 5 g 


a 

•2 5 


a 

So 

o 


.i 

a 
o 

a 

a 
■< 


, 6 

.sa 
sa 

.OS 


3I 


isro. 


















June 19 . . 


Charlestown 




0.390 


0.083 


0.473 


4.7 


. . 


. . 


. . 


" 26 . . 


" 




0.395 


0.088 


0.483 


4.5 


. . 






July 3 . . 


" 




0.445 


0.056 


0.501 


7.9 


. . 




9.6 


" 10. . 


<< 




0.762 


0.100 


0.862 


7.6 




. . 


10.0 


" 17. . 


" 




0.716 


0.112 


0.828 


6.4 


. . 


. . 


10.2 


" 24. . 


'< 






. . 


. . 




0.004 


0.033 


10.5 


" 31. . 


II 




0.782 


0.126 


0.908 


6.2 


0.005 


0.037 


10.8 


Aug. 7 . . 


" 




0.727 


0.082 


0.809 


8.9 


0.004 


0.033 


. . 


" 14. . 


(1 




0.483 


0.065 


0.548 


7.4 


0.004 


0.024 


10.2 


" 21. . 


II 




0.400 


0.107 


0.507 


3.7 


0.006 


0.024 


10.4 


<• 28. . 


" 




0.455 


0.100 


0.555 


4.5 


0.005 


0.023 


10.7 


Sept. 4. . 


" 








. . 


. . 


0.003 


0.019 


9.8 


" 11. . 


II 




0.407 


0.112 


0.519 


3.6 


0.004 


0.021 


9.5 


" 18. . 


'« 




0.330 


0.081 


0.411 


4.1 


0.002 


0.020 


9.7 


" 25 . . 


" 




0.352 


0.062 


0.414 


5.7 


0.004 


0.020 


9.6 


Oct. 2. . 


II 




0.364 


0.059 


0.423 


6.2 


0.004 


0.016 


9.8 


" 9. . 


11 




0.328 


0.022 


0.350 


14.5 


0.007 


0.016 


10.1 


" 16. . 


" 




0.315 


0.021 


0.336 


15.0 


0.001 


0.013 


9.6 


" 18 . . 


Mystic Pond 




. . 








0.001 


0.016 


9.7 


" 23. . 


Charlestown 




0.316 


0.055 


0.371 


5.7 


0.003 


0.013 


9.7 


" 30 . . 


" 




0.323 


0.063 


0.386 


5.1 


0.003 


0.013 




Nov. 7. . 


<i 




0.301 


0.056 


0.357 


6.4 


0.005 


0.013 


10.0 


« 8. . 


Mystic Pond 




0.807 


0.067 


0.364 


5.4 


0.007 


0.012 


9.6 


" 15. . 


" 




0.401 


0.043 


0.444 


9.3 


0.008 


0.013 


9.6 


'< 20 . . 


Charlestown 




0.374 


0.056 


0.430 


6.6 


0.005 


0.009 


9.4 


" 22. . 


Mystic Pond 




0.S06 


0.036 


0.342 


8.6 


0.013 


0.013 


9.7 


Deo. 4. . 


Charlestown 




0.275 


0.022 


0.297 


12.5 


0.009 


0.011 


9.9 


" 8. . 


Mystic Pond 




0.269 


0.043 


0.312 


6.3 


0.011 


0.013 


9.2 


1880. 




















Jan. 1 . . 


Charlestown 




0.315 


0.046 


0.361 


6.8 


0.012 


0.013 


9.9 


" 15 . . 


" 




0.313 


0.054 


0.367 


5.8 


0.012 


0.011 


10.2 


" 30 . . 


Mystic Pond 




0.336 


0.043 


0.378 


7.8 


0.063 


0.019 


10.9 


Feb. 5 . . 


Charlestown 




0.376 


0.066 


0.441 


5.7 


0.025 


0.018 


11.0 


" 6 . . 


Mystic Pond 




0.401 


0.096 


0.496 


4.0 




0.040 


0.023 


11.4 



42 



City Document No. 108. 

Table II. — Continued. 



Date. 


Locality. 


|l 

OQ 


"a so 
|| 


o s a 
a 'Ss 

m *^ 




Si 

s 


.2 ' 

'3 

o 

a 


si 
li.. 

. o a 


P 


Fel3. 12. , 


Charlestown . . 


0.442 


0.060 


0.502 


7.4 


0.037 


0.018 


11.4 


" 17. . 


Mystic Pond . . 


0.471 


0.057 


0.628 


8.8 


0.025 


0.021 


8.8 


" 19 . . 


Charlestown . . 


0.421 


0.044 


0.465 


9.6 


0.035 


0.020 


10.1 


" 26 . . 


" 


0.346 


0.039 


0.385 


8.9 


0.031 


0.016 


10.4 


March 4 . . 


" 


0.347 


0.039 


0.386 


8.9 


0.033 


0.016 


9.9 


" 6. . 


Mystic Pond . . 


0.849 


0.040 


0.889 


8.7 


0.044 


0.017 


10.3 


" n. . 


Charlestown . . 


0.356 


0.062 


0.418 


5.7 


0.027 


0.016 


9.7 


«' 19. . 


" 


0.314 


0.060 


0.374 


6.3 


0.027 


0.013 


9.9 


<• 25. . 


" 


0.322 


0.062 


0.384 


5.2 


0.027 


0.015 


10.4 


April 1 . . 


" 


0.309 


0.046 


0.354 


6.9 


. . 


• . 


10.3 


" 5. . 


Mystic Pond . . 


0.278 


0.046 


0.319 


5.9 


0.040 


0.016 


10.1 


" 9. . 


Charlestown . . 


0.297 


0.044 


0.341 


6.8 


0.024 


0.016 


10.7 


" 14. . 


Mystic Pond . . 


• . 






. . 


0.041 


0.017 


10.2 


" 16. . 


Charlestown . . 


0.361 


0.054 


0.415 


6.7 


0.020 


0.017 


10.6 


" 22. . 


" 


0.297 


0.060 


0.357 


4.9 


0.013 


0.016 


10.8 


«' 29 . . 


« 


. . 


. . 


. . 


. . 


. . 


. . 


10.4 


May 3 . . 


Mystic Pond . . 


0.386 


0.061 


0.447 


6.8 


0.087 


0.020 


10.2 


" 6. . 


Charlestown . . 


0.256 


0.054 


0.310 


4.7 


0.007 


0.017 


10.7 


" 12. . 


Mystic Pond . . 


0.366 


0.082 


0.448 


4.4 


0.081 


0.021 


10.6 


" 13. . 


Charlestown . . 


0.333 


0.068 


0.401 


4.9 


0.008 


0.016 


10.9 


" 20 . . 


" 


0.359 


0.073 


0.432 


4.9 


0.008 


0.016 


10.5 


" 24. . 


Mystic Pond . . 


0.332 


0.046 


0.877 


7.4 


0.031 


0.021 


10.6 


" 27. . 


Charlestown . . 


0.358 


0.061 


0.419 


6.9 


0.009 


0.021 


10.8 


June, '79, ) 

to > 

May, '80, ) 


Charlestown ) 
Mean of 35-39 [ 
samples . . ) 


0.392 


0.065 


0.457 


6.0 


■ 0.012 


0.018 


9.9 


Oct., '79, ) 

to [ 

May '80, ) 


Mystic Pond "1 
(surface.) 1 
Mean of 12-14 f 
samples . . J 


0.849 


0.054 


0.408 


6.5 


0.028 


0.018 


10.0 


Oct., '79, ) 

to \ 

May, '80, ) 


Charlestown ) 
Mean of 19-20 [ 
samples 1 . . ) 


0.339 


0.053 


0.392 


6.6 




0.019 


0.015 


9.8 



1 This average is made up from the samples drawn in Charlestown during the time within 
which samples from the pond have also been examined. 

In studying the figures in the foregoing table we see very clearly 
one fact to which I have frequently called attention, namelj', the 
great variation to which surface-waters are subject, and especially 
in respect to the organic matter which they contain. On this 
account it is seldom possible to form a just idea of the general 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



43 



character of such a water from a single examination. This varia- 
tion is rendered very large in the present instance because, during 
the summer, there was in Mystic pond, and in the water as drawn 
in the citj^, a ver}' large amount of certain microscopic plants 
belonging to the algce^ and similar to those which occurred in 
such quantities in Horn pond in 1876.1 j^ f^ii description of these 
plants, with a plate, occurs in the Report of the State Board of 
Health, Lunacy, and Charity, for 1880. 

In order that the effect of their presence may appear more clearly, 
I have prepared Table IH,, in which we have the results presented, 
first in monthly averages, and then in averages for certain periods 
into which there seemed to be a natural division. The algce became 
numerous enough to awaken complaint and apprehension after the 
middle of July, and the trouble was at its height in the latter part 
of Jul}' and during August. 

Table III. -^ Examination of Mystic Water. 
(Results expressed in parts in 100,000.) 



Date. 



18T9. 

June 

July 

August 

September . . . 

October 

November . . . 
December .... 

1880. 

January .... 
February .... 

March 

April 

May 

1879. 

Junel9 — July 3 
July 10— Aug. 7 
Aug. 14— Sept 11 
Sept. 18— May 27, 



Number of Samples. 



Mean of 2 samples 
4 
4 
3 
5 
2 
1 



Sum of the 

Organic 
Elements. 



0.478 
0.775 
0.605 
0.448 
0.333 
0.393 
0.297 

0.364 
0.469 
0.390 
0.389 
0.390 

0.486 
0.852 
0.526 
0.3S9 



"Albuminoid 
Ammonia." 



0.0351 
0.026 
0.020 
0.014 
0.011 
0.011 

0.012 
0.019 
0.015 
0.0162 
0.017 



0.034 
0.022 
0.016 



1 Mean of two samples. 



2 Mean of three samples. 



1 See First Annual Report of Boston Water Board, 1877. 



44 



City Document No. 108. 



Even in the absence of any abnormal condition sucli as was 
caused this summer b}' the growth of aigfce, there is at times a con- 
siderable variation in the amount and character of the organic 
matter in the water, as, for instance, in October, 1879, when, on 
the 9th and 16th of the month, the nitrogen was very much below 
the usual amount ; as again on December 4th. That such changes 
should take place is not at all surprising, although we may not be 
able to explain the reason why in each particular case. The water 
is taken from near the surface of the pond, flows in a conduit for 
some distance to the pumping-station, is pumped into an open res- 
ervoir, and thence distributed into the city. "We know that the 
organic matter in natural water undergoes change with greater or 
less rapidity, owing to the diflerence of temperature, to the action 
of the wind, to the length of time during which the water is exposed 
to the sun and air in the reservoir, and to other such causes. 

That the considerable variation in the amount and relative pro- 
portion of the organic carbon and organic nitrogen is not peculiar 
to M3^stic water, may be seen from Table IV., compiled ' from the 
Sixth Report of the Rivers Pollution Commission, which shows 
the variation in the water of the several companies which supply 
the city of London, Eng. The same thing is true in other plac6s 
as well. 



Table IV. — Variation in Monthly Samples of London Water, 1873. 
(Results expressed in parts in 100,000.) 





Organic Carbon. 


Organic Nitrogen. 


Name of Company. 


<0 

sis 


ag 

§ S <u 

■a 5 a 


C4 . 

1-1 CQ 




a o 
a^ a 






0.447 
0.341 
0.396 
0.412 
0.449 
0.257 
0.333 


0.121 

0.114 
0.118 
0.117 
0.180 
0.059 
0.109 


0.197 
0.173 
0.186 
0.183 
0.206 
0.107 
0.175 


0.067 
0.055 
0.060 
0.050 
0.065 
0.032 
0.082 


0.013 
0.015 
0.020 
0.016 
0.021 
0.010 
0.015 


0.034 




0.028 


Southwark 


0.030 
0.032 




0.040 




0.018 




0.035 







In order to judge of the general character of the Mystic water, 
as shown by the results of Frankland's method of analysis, we have 
the necessary material in Table V., from which it appears that the 
total amount of organic matter, as indicated b}' the organic carbon 
and nitrogen, would be somewhat less than in Cochituate, were it 
not for the increase brought about by the development during the 
summer months of the algcB, to which allusion has been made. It 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 45 

appears, however, that, on the whole, there is a larger proportion 
of nitrogen in the Mystic than in the Cochituate water ; and this 
agrees with what we know of the character of the respective water- 
sheds. Considering also that the total dissolved substances, 
organic and inorganic, amount to twice as much in the Mystic as 
in the Cochituate supply, we must regard the latter as the better 
water ; the examination shows, however, as far as chemical exam- 
ination can show, that, in spite of the polluting influences which 
have been at work in the ponds and streams supplying Mystic 
pond, the water, in its normal condition, is still good, and well 
suited for domestic supply. 

There is one other point to which allusion might be made. In 
pursuit of some inquiries in which I have been engaged, I have had 
made a number of chemical examinations of the water of Mystic 
pond at the depth of eighteen feet, and also at the bottom of the pond. 
Since January we have been able, by having a buoy anchored in 
the pond, to take the samples at the same point where the water 
is seventy-five feet deep. Previous to that time we did not always 
succeed in finding the same spot, and some of the bottom samples 
were taken at a depth of fifty feet only. Being unable for the 
present to prosecute the research which I had planned, I should 
like to put the results thus far obtained on permanent record. 
They are included in tables VI. and VII. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WM. RIPLEY NICHOLS. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, June, 1880. 



46 



City Document No. 108. 



Table V. — Comparison of 3fystic and other Waters. 
(Results expressed in parts in 100,000.) 



Date. 



June, 1879— May, 1880 



Sept. 18, 1879—5 
27,1880 . . . . 



Jan., 1879— June, 1879 

June, 1879— May, 1880 
Jan., 1879— June, 1879 
May, 1873— May, 1874 



Mystic water as drawn in 
Charlestown. Mean of 39 
samples 

Mystic water as above, — omit- 
ting the samples taken while 
the algm were abundant. 
Mean of 28 samples 

Boston water (Cochituate Lake 
and Sudbury River). Mean 
of 22 samples! 

Boston water. Mean of 42 
samples 

Fresh Pond, 2 Cambridge. Mean 
of 11 samples 

Loch Katrine water ,3 Glasgow, 
Scotland. Mean of 12 sam- 
ples 

Unpolluted surface waters.* 
Mean of 195 samples .... 



o 

o 

II 

o 


si 

c so 


0) 
. .S H 

li 


0.392 


0.065 


0.457 


0.336 


0.053 


0.389 


0.408 


0.052 


0.460 


0.452 


0.051 


0.503 


0.417 


6.074 


0.491 


0.197 


0.018 


0.215 


0.322 


0.032 


0.354 



Ratio. 

Carbon 
Nitrogen. 



6.3 



7.9 



5.6 



10.9 



10.0 



1 Third Annual Report of Boston "Water Board, 1879. 

2 These samples were taken from the pond itself, and the results do not claim to represent 
the water as delivered in Cambridge. 

3 Sixth Report of Rivers Pollution Commission, p. 347. 
* Sixth Report of Rivers Pollution Commission, p. 425. 



Report of the Water Board. 



47 



Table VI. — Examination of Water in Mystic Lahe. 
(Kesults expressed in parts in 100,000.) 



Date. 


Depth below Surface. 


Ammonia. 


"Albuminoid 
Ammonia." 


Total Solids. 


Oct. 18, 1879 . 
Nov. 8, 1879 . 
Nov. 15, 1879 
Nov. 22, 1879 
Dec. 8, 1879 . 
Jan. 30, 1880 
Feb. 6, 1880 . 
Feb. 17, 1880 
March 6, 1880 
April 5, 1880 
April 14, 1880 
May 12, 1880 
May 24, 1880 
June 3, 1880 . 




18 feet 














*• 




0.001 
0.008 
0.008 
0.015 
0.011 
0.031 
0.035 
0.041 
0.040 
0.040 
0.040 
0.032 
0.040 
0.036 


0.017 
0.011 
0.013 
0.013 
0.011 
0.016 
0.019 
. 0.016 
0.016 
0.013 
0.016 
0.016 
0.016 
0.017 


9.1 

9.6 

9.6 

9.8 

9.6 

11.1 

11.1 

10.8 

10.4 

10.2 

10.4 

10.5 

10.6 

10.3 


Average . . 




.... 


















0.027 


0.015 


10.2 



48 



City Document No. 108. 



Table VII. — Examination of Water in Mystic Lake. 
(Results expressed in parts in 100,000.) 



Date. 


Depth below 
Surface. 


.2§ 

la 

o 


n 
o 


o 
m 


.9 
'3 
o 

a 


'o a 
.S'S 

p S 


S 

"o 
m 

1 


Oct. 18, 1879 , - - 


69 feet. 








0.007 
0.009 


0.011 
0.011 


7.8 


Nov. 8, <• 






50 




0.307 


0.047 


0.354 


9.6 


Nov. 15, " 






60 




0.606 


0.106 


0.712 


0.023 


0.027 


11.6 


Nov. 22, '< 






50 




0.309 


0.047 


0,356 


0.016 


0.017 


9.6 


Dec. 8, «< 






64 




0.288 


0.041 


0.329 


0.011 


0.008 


9.7 


Jan. SO, 1880 






70-78 




0.403 


0.033 


0.436 


0.027 


0.016 


11.8 


Feb. 6, " 






70-78 




0.514 


0.071 


0.585 


0.080 


0.019 


11.8 


Feb. 17, " 






70-78 




0.440 


0.096 


0.536 


0.075 


0.017 


11.5 


March 6, " 






70-78 




0.312 


0.032 


0.344 


0.040 


0.015 


9.5 


April 6, " 






70-78 




0.287 


0.037 


0.324 


0.041 


0.013 


10.2 


April 14, " 






70-78 




0.295 


0.086 


0.381 


0.043 


0.017 


10.3 


May 3, " 
May 12, " 






70-78 
70-78 










0.048 
0.064 


0.019 
0.016 


10.1 


0.338 


0.063 


0.401 


10.3 


May 24, " 






70-78 




0.363 


0.083 


0.446 


0.064 


0.015 


10.5 


June 3, " 






70-78 




0.318 


0.077 


0.395 


0.049 


0.016 


10.6 


Average at bottom 

Average at 18 ft. fro 

Average at top dur 
Oct , '79 Jupp '8 




0.368 


0.063 


0.431 


0.040 
0.027 


0.016 
0.015 


10.3 


n top (Table VI ) . 


10.2 


ing the same time, 



0.S49 
0.339 • 


0.054 
0.053 


0.403 
0.392 


0.028 
0.019 


0.018 
0.015 


10.0 


Average as dra 
ing the same 


w 
t 


nil 
me 


1 Charlestown dur- 


9.8 





DiAG-RAis/i showing- 
Works, AND AIVIOONT 


BOSTON WATER WORKS. 

THE OAILY AVERAGE CONSUMPTION FROM THE CoCHITUATE 
RECEIVED FROM THE SuOBURY RiVEB , 1875 TO f 880 . 








1 


3/ : 
30: 

29- 
28- 
27 _ 
26- 

23- 


/87S 


laie 


/877 


/878 


/87S 


/880 


3/ 
30 
29 
38 
37 

ze 

35 
24- 
23 

21 f 
20 1 
IS ^ 

18 § 

n ^ 
IS « 
13 ^ 
II ^ 

lO 
9 
8 

7 

e 

5 
4. 
3 
Z 
/ 
















































^._ 












1 








-1 


















|_ 


i-i 


, 










r"» 




J 












1 ' •■■ 




































' 1 . 






, 




















lJ 














Kj 


















_, 


rH_i 




^ 








r 






^'~ 


n 










1 




1 






._- 


- -- p-* 


-l-l-l- 


-- 


































T 














.J" 










- 1 


CONSUMP-i 1 i 


ON 
















1 






r* 




r 
















'.. 


~ 


n n 






f^ 




----J-^- 


-J.rj» 


u 




1 — 


. 








!^20- 

^ /7- 
- 

«sl - 

0/3- 
^/2- 


fJ 


H-- 




r 


J — 




— H — 








' — 












"1--- 




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^ 


LT 










































f 


























• 1 




























l_J 






'— ' 


^ 






















•"■ 






rt 












r- 








r-, 












1 1 V 
























1 ' ' 






































, 1 ■ 






















1 1 j 
















1 1 


1 J 


















L. 


1 ' • ' 1 i 
















1 ! II ! 


II ! •-. it 
















1 *-■: 1 1 




1 ' r- , 


i ' ' 




















I'll -1 


1 1 1 








I "" ' 






lo- 
9- 
8- 

7 - 

e- 

5-- 
4-- 

2 - 
1 - 






I'll I 










! ' I 










1 


I'll ' 


' 1 1 




■ I.J 




1 I ; 










1 


1 ' 1 1 j 






, 




----l.-.-.-- 












'III 1 




1 '--' i 
















1 I 






















' 1 




! I 1 




1 1 


' I / 


MbiL 


\IT RFCeiVETL 


D FROM T^g- S 


i/C 


R/JRV f9l\/rf? 








1 ; 










1 ' 


I ' *" 


■; ! 5-^ 




; 1. 


1. _ ' 


1 


1 1 ! >•- 1 


1 , [ 




, I 










r - 


-._,_ n-, 


' 1 I 




J I ! 


1 1 








1 


' ' i ! 


1 1 • 










1 1 




■ 


' 1 ' M 


1 ' I 


I 1 


• 1 






{ • 


1 1 -_ 


■ 


I ! ! I 


.•I. .—-.«.— L-.- 


l- - 




J i 








1 




p- ; 1 


' I i 














1 




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1 




I '"' 
























,-J ' 




^ 










1 r^ ,1 






1 








1 






1 1 1 1 1 














1 






1 • 1 I ' 














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1 • 




1 ' * 1 ' 






t 








', 


--. \ '. 










1 








I ill 




--. !--• Lj 1 


I -T ! 







Eeport of the Water Board. 



49 



o — 






to CO rH 



(N « C^ IN 



iH CD 00 



(N C^ 05 CO 



CO (M IM CO 



M c3 

^5 



CO O GO 00 



CS --I 



■snoiiBS 000'009'9i9't 



-a ^ 



t? f-^ a <i !^ 



2 > o 

o o a» 

O Izi ft 



50 



City Document No. 108. 



'S 








1 


e-1 


O 

a 


2 


i 




to 


(N 


■n 

(N 


s 


00 


(N 


s 


g 






°i. 


o_ 


c^ 






ol_ 


Ol 


CO 


01^ 


^'^ 


°S. 


"^ 


■* 






co^ 




rH 


CO 




o 




•w 




















a 




o 


(N 






1^ 


00 






QD 


iH 


(M_ 


00 


CO 




o. 




0^ 


CO, 


t^ 


CO 


"^ 


1^ 




H 


rH 


s 


a> 


CO 


00 


oT 


oT 


00 


t-T 


*" 


*" 


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Report or the Water Board. 



51 



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52 



City Document No. 108. 



s 


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IH 


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Eeport of the Water Board. 



53 



CO O CO 



CO CO CD vra CO 



CO r-; CS; Oi Ol <>J "^ 
TlH CO CD rjJ to b^ 0> 
"M <N (M rH i-( « i-H 



OS OS t- CO CO 



U3 Til to O 



lOutiOOiOO^noOCOCOOO 



US C^ f-H 



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tH i-H i-H « 



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5x) 



O Hi 



54 



CiTT Document No. 108. 






I ^ 






'l^ 



&5 



a; o ~ cj 
(2 " 



o> 



0) 



" S 5 '^ 
P « 



O'il'73 . 

a c 3} 4> 



2 '^ fl 
c 0) n 
5 w o 



O t. p 



^ to O iH 



CI C^ (N iH 



o 


O 












o 




o 








o 


OS 


o 


OO 




00 


o" 
















O) 


(N 


rjl 


to 


OD 






1^ 


(M 


<N 









CO r-l (N -P 



CO rH C^ CO 



* <n 


oT 


^ 


cf 


























» o 


Tji 














O (N^ 


»!. 







CO a m n 



< 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



55 



'j^ 






:i 








Mystic 
Reservoir. 
Higii water 

147.00. 


9 

H 


to 


to' 


1 


OO 
CO 


•41 t~ 

CO ^ 

to to 

3 ?; 


to 

to 
>* 

rH 


rH rH 


O 

to 


q 


CO 

to' 

rH 




•* 






CO 




U5 

to 


tcj 




cq 
to 

T)l 


d CO 
CO CO 

1-1 rH 


• 


• 


CO 

i 






5 


9 
*• 

H 






o 


! 


§ S3 

to to 




lO to 

TJ- 00 

CO CO 


'*. 


CO 


to 
d 


-* 
^ 




X) 
H 


05 


to_ 


>«5 


ts 


r-l ■* 
CO CI 

to to 


» 
^ 


r-> d 


q 

CO 


5 


q 
iO 


lis 






05 

H 


o 


9 
^ 


CI 

to 


U3 


Oi 00 

to o> 




O CO 
oo' t-^ 

d d 


1-1 


d 


CO 

d 


ot> 
d 




XI 


00 


CO 


o 
to 

CJ 


s 

CI 


CO 00 
rH to 

CI CI 


q 

rH 
CI 


rH d 

q uo 
d d 


•* 

s 


00 

to 


CD 
CO 

d 


CO 

d 




OJ 1* (D 


X 
H 


CO 


s 
i 


o 
o> 

o 

1—1 


CO 

c4 

Cl 


0> 00 
00 CO 


CI 


00 q 
d d 


to 

d 

d 


q 
d 


o 
q 

d 

T-i 


d 




X 
H 


CO 

o 

CI 


^ 
s 


CO 


a> 


0> <D 

i i 


to 


t. q 

d rH 

1-i r-t 


CO 

d 


CO 

d 

rH 


d 
d 


d 






9 

X 
H 


cq 


i 


00 

CO 

IN 

I-l 


CO 
CI 


CO O" 


o 

CO 
CI 




d 
d 


q 

CO 

d 


rH 

d' 
d 


1 


3 
1 

D 
H 




H 


to 


CI 

I-H 


o' 


CI 


ci ci 

CI d 

rH r-i 


OO 


-* q 

CI rH 
d d 


CI 

d 


CO 


CO 


c 




1-1 « taoS 


ft 
I» 

X 
H 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CI rH 

t- OJ 

i i 


to 

CO 


rH CO 

rH rH 


00 

d 


rH 


to 
to 
1-i 


d 

CO 
rH 




X 


•* 

■* 

i 


ci 

CO 


CO 
CO 


CO 

CO 
CO 


CO CO 
CO CO 


q 

CO 


2 S 




CO 
CO 
?-H 


CO 


CO 




"Sl - 


H 


to 

CO 

•* 


00 


to 

o 

1 


^ 


t- CO 

^ q 
^ Tti 

rH rH 




rH CD 
00 q 
t^ 00 


q 


CO 


Oi 
rH 


5 






H 


1~ 
•* 


o 


00 

to 


i 


to O 




>o q 

t.: to 


o 


1-i 


OO 












1-1 


o 


CO 

ox 


CO lO 




to d 

-^ CO 
rH d 


s 


d 

CO 

t- 

rH 


1-i 


i 












8 -oao; pgouatataoo aSBJoig 




in 

to 








.5: "S 


9 

X 

H 




^ 


CJ 

r-l 


00 


•61 -Snv 01 

I ivjfl lUOJJ 

Xiduis •sa'jj 


rH CO 
CO •* 

i« to 


03 
CO 
rH 


d 

q 


O 
CI 

to 








p4 










•Xjdcna 


jioAjasa'jj 














o . S . 
nil 


ao 

H 


to 


o 


00 


^ 




•Adoia JioAaasaa 


o 

t-H 








H 


•Xjdtna aioAjaHBg 








H 
i5 
O 






4 


.a 

a 


ft 
< 




a 




O 


> 

o 


ft 


n 


1 



56 



City Document No. 108. 



'. o 






- 5 ^ -^ 3 M 



1-1 IM -* 



to >-l 1-- 



^- lO O CI 



0> Oi «D 'rt< 

'-<' T-T <n" 



C^ in rH 
r-( rfi lO 



iou5oxomoio»r" 



C^ r- ■ (M rH i-i 



•N 






W) 



<U 00 H c 



o -*^ _ '^ 

— is 3 o 3 

"3 Ih O O 3 

^ S =a o g 



Or-toOiOOiirttDO 






Quantity 
pumped 

per 
pound 
of coal. 




r- 


GO 


cq 


t- 


eo 


« 


lO 


M 


CO 


o> 


(N 


'll 


^ 


b* 


i£D 


o 


CO 


oo 


^ 










































UTS 


o 






o 


>o 


«o 


ira 






>o 


<§ 



























r-f eq CO CO 



r-( r- CO C^ Oi Ol IM 



5 g'w'S s 
o 2 o o 3 



« fcl o R 









Cfl -d* CD 






OJ (N to (O CO CO 
tD I— <D to CO CO 



C& 



'J^ 



o o a 
a C^ 



O 00 00 to 



^ s 



lO CO 00 



ITS CO >0 CO >o 
CO CO CO tO» CO 



p^ ;^ <i ;^ 



S a rt 

o O <u 
O l2i fi 



Report of the Water Board. 



57 



s 



'*^ 











o o o c 


o c 


c 


o o 


C 


> c 


o 


O 








ooooooooo 


o o o 


o 








COCOi-HOiOSiOt-T-'-* 


00 ^ o 








«> 






























•]Boo ie%oi JO "sqi 
001 «d -sqi-ij at ima 


aioooorhocococo 
cooi^eou:>»-i^t-o 


to t^ lO 


s 




^ 


'^^'^°^^«'^'^^*^ 


S ^ lO 


rH^ 






1-T r^ c^ oi at' ^ "^ 


us -^ 


CO CO oT 


cq" 








lO to o -^ ■*»" o «r 
















in lO tX oi t- CT 


U5 « 


^ 


5 ^ 00 


CO 








a 


t- IM t- CT 


to IM O) O 


■* oc 


(M 


CO 




•J98J ut yn aSeJSAY 


^ 


oi oi oi CO a 


^ ? 


% i 


2 2 'S 

^ TJ1 in 


^ 










T-H T- 




rH 1-1 rM 










a 


CO (?; t-; CO C^ cr 


"=^ 


in oj to 


00 




•jEoo 'qj 


»^ 


Q. 


C^ lO rH t- O" 


(T 


CO o 


O t-^ OS 


oo 




J9d padmnd ifjiinEii^ 




5 


1— 1 O O CJ tH Ci" 
^ •* -* CO Tf ^ 


^ ^ 


5i ^ ^ 


rd 




■SJ83[ni[0 


■^ 


cc 


^ 


a 






■* IT 


0- 


in 


tc 


"^ TjH 


US 




pae eaqBB "^aao .t3<j 




t- 


t- 


CO t- |> 


t^ a 


00 t- 


t- t- t- 


"^ 








cr 


tociieoNcoeot-i:- 


to t- ■* 


^ 




•pgransuoo jboo 




C 




r** O CO (N rH OO lO 
CO t- <0 CO O O G^l 


rt IM -^ 


IM_ 




UnnoniB aSBaaAu ^n^Q 


<N (M <M <N (N C^ C^ 


r-i r^ 


s s" s 


IM 








cq CO <N G^ 


cr 


OS Cs 


_j ift 


f^ ^^ ,_4 


to 










^ I, to t- o 


TJI O C^ 








S 5" 




IM Ir- CO (M 


''i ''i. '^ 


us_ 




•padrand 


t-^oTcTt^co'oo't-r.^co 


oT to ^'' 


•^ 




^unome sSBjaAB j^iibo; 


e 


"^ '^^ °^ "^ ^ ^ '^^ 'R. "^ 


S M § 


00 






^ 




t-T t-T 00 


00 








Cs 


oo CO eq a 


to CD O C^ 


T** to --* 


^ 








CO'^C^It-COt'COO^O 




3 O us 


(M 








CT 


^c^ototocot-ur 




00 (M 00 


CM 




































•padrand 


e 

o 


§ 


"looscicooocooeo 
oo-*(Mo>^ooa. 


00 00 o 

00 CT> (N 


Til 






c^ 




h- lO CO O Cs 


(O^ t^ 


'':. °i. ^ 


Ot3_ 




^unocuE [Biox 


« 


T* 


■^ »o oT (cT <^^ -^ 


oo" b-T 


rH O CO 








(§ 


^ 




o ■* CD t- CO T}< cq 


•* <M to 








CI- 


? 


CO <N (M (N C^ 


e^ (N 


N <N (M 


CO 










a 


o ■* o <^ 


•5)1 OC 


o cq 


■* -d 


(M 


00 










(M 


to -^ O CO o c^ 


0^ Ol 


IM ^ t- 


^ 






■tf 'd 


c^ 


[- t- I- aj^ o lo CT 


CO en 


o^ cr 


CO 


^ 






J 3 a, 


a 




iH t- t- to >- 




to oo" 


TiT in" us' 


C^ 






o 


tc 


00 to CO t- 00 cc 


iC 


o 


t- O Ir* 


o 




M 








i-H O) t- tC 
O" us" jf IT 


'^ OC 
of CT 


00 <o 


t« t- t- 

(N oT oT 


o 




1 


Qj 


Cs 


O 1-H C^ Tj* o cr 

(M (M eq c5 


S S 


S E5 S3 


i 
































<N 




































bJD 


i 


^ 


t- o ui »ft o 


u» irt 


U5 O 


t_ 




g 


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d '2 © 


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C 


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0> rH tc 


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CD 








a- 


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0- 


rt T* 


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CO 






P< 


1 


t- 


tc 
















•f** 00 O: o c^ c^ 


Tjl o 


(M (M ■* 


^ 








s 


o oc 


t- CO r-i OS 


<N o: 




IM 






0^ "* (N >r 


. "^ ^ 


CO t^ 


o co_ CO^ 


r-i 






o 


lo" eo' rn" to CO to 


CO oT 


rH oq 00 






c4 






t~ c 


OC 


CO (M t- 


■* o 


0)0 


t 




"e 


->* 


_ CO t- OT o o 


c^ o^ 


us cq t- 




1 


Ci 




" ^ C» CjT Cq" rH 


la o 


CO rH rn" 






p< 




rH 00 IH rH O 










IM 


a 








>- 






7-i rH 












us 




M 


a 




C 


i£S -H 


iri o 


lO in 








■* 




3 




^ 




CO rH CO -t)< CO 


^ rH 








CO 






-rt 


tc 


Cv 


o 


tc 


CO 


OC 


t- 


t- to rH 


IM 








<M 




CO c 


t- 


CO 


« lO 












ft 


(^ 


tc 


£ 




















^ 


IM^ 

co" 
















cq Ti* o oc 


to o 


00 


CO 


to 
















•* a 


00 c 


>r 








^ 






g 








o oc 




oc 


CO 


rH 


CD 


CO 














oc 


oc 


o -^ 


c 


t-T 


CO 


to" 


o 




IH 


o 2 fl 
'^ ft 










■* OC 










(M 


CO 


o 




a 










tc 




ci- 


a 


o_ 


CO 


<K 


^ 




o 


^ 








c 


^ ^ 


■^ t- 


!h 


"S"* 


us" 




!2i 














"- 


1H 












CO 




































K 


till 


a 








u- 


iC 


^f- 




ir 


in 


us 


in 


US 




3 


— c . 


'S 








-* 




■r 




y~ 


rH 


rH 


■>* 


f-i 




-SftS 
£S.§ 


n 






























« 








c 


oc 


E? 


te 

tc 


C- 


3 


to 


us 


i 






ft 


^ 










>r 


tc 


(N 












rn" 
































■i 
































^ 
































H 




» 




























-d 

a 










> 














(D 




a 




tS 






H 




> 

E 
►2 


E 


Is 


'C 

^ 


. ^ 

S 


' c 


> 

3 

>T1 


= 
> SI 

3 


a 

0) 


1 
O 


I 

> 

1 


1 

9) 
ft 


2 



58 City Document No. 108. 

Tahle showing Rainfall on Sudbury River Water-shed for the year 1879. 



1S79. 


c 


u 
a 

u 
f 


2 


ft 
< 




a 

3 
•-3 




3 
3 
< 


o 
o 

m 


o 
O 


a 

> 
1 




1 . . . 










0.056 
















2 . . . 


0.332 


. • . 








0.010 


. • . 


. . . 


. . . 




. . . 




3 . . . 


. . . 




. . . 


0.134 


. . . 






0.004 


. . . 


. . . 




. . . 


4 . . . 












1.086 
0.074 


0.509 


• • • 


0.798 


• • • 


0.638 


0.196 


5 . . . 


. . . 


0.180 


. . . 








6 . . . 




. . . 


0.31 


. . . 


0.075 


0.173 




. . . 


. . . 


. . . 


0.160 


. . . 


7 . . . 












0.004 


0.156 
0.622 










0.810 


8 . . . 


0.001 










0.198 


0.288 






0.051 


9 . . . 


1.144 


0.028 


0.107 
0.040 
















0.018 




10 . . . 




. . . 


0.566 












. . . 


11 . . . 


0.001 


1.406 




1.316 


. . . 






. . . 


0.056 


0.092 


. . . 


0.163 


12 • . . 












0.064 


0.270 












13 . . . 


















0.478 




14 . . 






068 










0.108 


0.395 








15 ... 


















0.030 


1.038 


16 . . . 


0.928 




. . . 


0.268 


0.382 


0.814 


0.387 


. . . 


0.018 






17 . . . 




. . . 


0.919 


. . . 


. . . 


0.010 






. . . 


. . . 




. . . 


18 . . . 


0.018 


0.416 








0.003 


0.206 


5.754 


0.012 


0.262 


0.660 




19 . . . 


. . . 


2.030 




0.048 


20 . . . 


0.020 


0.440 


. . . 


. . . 


1.050 


. . . 








. . . 


0.090 




21 . . . 


0.004 




0.156 




. . . 


. . . 


0.012 










. . . 


22 . . . 


0.010 














0.040 


0.005 


0.020 
0.031 


0.003 


0.704 


23 . . , 




• • • 


1.176 




. . . 


. . . 


0.125 




24 . . . 


0.002 














0.044 


0.356 






0.514 


25 . 




















0.024 


26 . . . 


. . . 


0.480 




0.102 


. . . 




. . . 


0.354 


. . . 


. . . 


. . . 




27 . . . 


. . . 


0.612 


. . . 




0.016 


. . . 


1.642 


. . . 


. . . 


. . . 


. . . 




28 . . . 

29 . . . 


0.018 




1.064 






0.217 
0.752 
0.016 


0.004 


0.007 




0.404 


0.605 


0.105 


30 . . . 




• • ■ 


0.53 


0.£66 


. . . 




31 . . 






77 


















0.691 




























Totals . 


2.478 


3.562 


5.140 


4.716 


1.679 


3.789 


3.933 


6.509 


1.878 


0.809 


2.682 


4.344 



Total for the year 41.419 inches 

Being an average from five gauges, located at Framingham Centre, Southboro', Marlboro', 



Westboro', and Hopkinton. 



Report of the Water Board. 



59 



Table showing Rainfall at Lake Cochituate for the year 1879. 



ISTO. 


>. 

u 

C3 
3 

n 

C3 
1-5 


g 


u 

ca 

1^ 


p< 


^ 

a 


a 

3 


>-3 


3 
SO 

3 
< 


u 
o 

a 
ft 


s 

o 


s 

1 


a) 

a 

CD 


1 . . . . 










0.06 
















2 . • . . 


40 
























3. . . . 

4 . . . . 








0.18 




1.34 
0.16 
0.28 


0.26 




0.48 




0.70 


18 


5 . . . . 




0.18 


0.26 




0.04 




6. . . . 
7 . . . . 


0.25 








0.13 


0.54 


8 . . . . 














0.60 
0.02 
0.14 


0.14 


0.28 






0.09 


9. . . . 
10 ... 


0.85 


1.16 


0.12 
0.06 


1.26 
0.05 




0.19 

0.02 
0.06 








11. . . . 

12 ... . 

13 ... . 






0.03 


0.48 


0.17 


14. . . . 

15. . . . 

16. . . . 

17 ... . 


0.64 




0.10 
0.87 


0.26 
0.18 


0.18 


1.00 
0.04 


0.82 




0.52 
0.08 




0.04 
0.02 


1.03 


18 ... . 


0.04 


0.22 










0.15 


5.50 




0.22 


0.05 
0.68 
0.21 




19 ... . 




1.70 


0.92 




0.03 


20 ... . 


0.03 


0.35 














21 ... . 


0.15 




















22 ... . 














0.10 
0.09 


0.02 

0.26 
0.28 


0.38 


0.02 
0.03 




0.36 


23. . . . 






1.02 










24 ... . 






0.50 


25. . . . 

26. . . . 
27 ... . 




0.42 
0.72 




0.04 




0.02 


95 






0.04 


28. . . . 
29 ... . 


0.04 




0.72 


0.44 
0.58 




0.18 
0.85 




0.13 
0.10 




0.60 


0.67 


0.11 


30 ... . 
31. . . . 






0.60 


0.55 


























Totals . 


2.00 


3.05 


3.90 


4.69 


1.20 


4.14 


3.38 


6.43 


1.74 


0.90 


2.98 


3.60 



Total for the year 38.01 Inches. 



60 City Document No. 108. 

Table showing Rainfall on Mystic Water-shed for the year 1879. 



1879. 


1-5 


.3 


1 


P. 
< 




a) 

a 

E3 






u 

p. 


u 

<u 

a 
o 


a 

a> 

> 
o 


St 

1 

o 

a 
P 


1 . . . . 


























2. . . . 


0.50 


. . . 








0.26 






0.05 




... 


. . . 


3. . . . 








0.085 




0.40 


. . . 


. . . 


0.60 


. . . 


0.54 




4 . . . . 










0.01 


0.60 


0.045 




0.02 






13 


5 . . . . 




0.15 


0.02 
0.19 






8 . . . . 








0.09 




0.09 


. . . 




0.19 


0.47 


7 . . . . 
















8. . . . 














0.78 


0.04 


0.22 
0.02 








9 . . . . 


0.86 


0.01 


0.05 














10. . . . 


1.17 


. . . 


0.06 


. . . 


. . . 






0.05 


0.21 


11. . . . 


. . . 


0.97 


0-06 


0.02 


. . . 


0.02 


. . . 


. . . 


0.02 


0.02 




0.01 


12. . . . 




0.22 




. . . 


. . . 


0.01 


. . . 


. . . 


. . . 




0.37 


. . . 


13. . . . 












0.02 


. . . 


. . . 






0.02 


. . . 


14. . . . 


. . . 




0.12 


. . . 




0.02 


. . , 




0.28 




0.01 


0.86 


15. . . . 




. . . 


. . . 


0.33 


. . . 


1.39 




. . . 






. . . 


. . . 


16 ... . 


0.40 
0.01 


0.17 


0.69 


0.53 
0.83 
0.06 


0.23 

0.07 
1.24 
0.01 


0.03 
0.03 


0.425 
0.06 


0.98 
0.18 
3.80 


0.03 








17 ... . 








18 ... . 


0.03 


0.305 


0.73 
0.28 




19 ... . 








0.04 


20 ... . 


0.02 


0.18 


. . . 




21 ... . 






0.09 




















22 ... . 








0.24 








0.03 


0.02 
0.05 




0.72 


23, . . . 


0.02 


. . . 


0.93 








0.16 


. . . 




24 ... . 


















0.30 




0.055 


0.55 


25 ... . 




0.48 
0.55 




0.03 








295 








26. . . . 




. . . 


0.20 


. . . 




. . . 


. . . 


. . . 


0.02 


27 ... . 


0.01 




1.03 


. . . 




. . . 


0.895 




. . . 








28 ... . 






0.06 

0.21 
0.07 


0.55 
0.91 
0.13 


0.06 


0.21 
0.645 


0.02 


0.10 




0.37 


0.52 




29 ... . 






0.16 


30 ... . 








31. . . . 




. . . 


. . . 










. . . 




0.57 


Totals . 


1.82 


2.73 


3.52 


4.645 


1.86 


3.985 


2.385 


5.485 


1.60 


0.765 


2.765 


3.74 



Total for the year 35.30 inches. 

Being an average of two gauges, located at Mystic Lake and Mystic Station. 



Report of the Water Board. 



61 



r-t CO U5 1-C d 



r-l CO 0> W 



CO CO CO CO 



'^ 



« rH -^ Tt* 



CO CO c4 cq 



C^IMNCOdCqCqiMCO.COCOC^W 



CO '-' t' 



00 in> CO iO 



IH ^ <N 



la T-^ r-^ 



lO to Oi CO M OS 



k- 00 »n m I-H 



(O CO CO »n rH -^ 



00 CO <0 Ci 



i-l e^ (M to >0 U5 cq 



en IM C^ !M 



rHr-!"^I-!rHr-5i-IrH 



<N 00 O) Ol 



osooirtooc^inioos 
tOOOiCOOst-r-lir:) 



CO -^ C<I ITS 



CO CO CO CO 



JP- CO 05 t- 

«0 CO CO CO 



COCOeONCNIMPlCO 



C<l tH OS (N 



O .5 



M W 



n o 






« a ^ ^ 



iJ H m 






W 32 P 



•■e g 



OH^H^ai^aMWW 



62 



City Document No. 108. 



Table showing the Amount of Evaporation at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir and 
the Temperature of Air and Water at different Stations on the Water 
Works. 





Evaporation 
IN Inches. 


Tempebatuke of Air. 


Temp, or 
Water. 




Chestnut-Hill 


Chestnut-Hill 


Parker-Hill 


B'line 


Mystic 


18T9. 


Reservoir. 


Reservoir. 


Reservoir. 


Res. 


E.H. 






M 


a 


a 




a 


a 










O t3 


a 




3 

a 

1 


a 


a 

1^ 


s 

a 
IS 


i 


si 
15 










48 


-9 


22 


49 


-2 


21 


34 


33 








52 


2 


24 


47 


5 


22 


35 


34 








54 
73 


6 
20 


30 
42 


53 

68 


6 

18 


31 

42 


36 
37 


34 








36 


May 


5.59 


6.30 


92 


36 


.61 


87 


37 


60 


50 


53 


June 


5.54 


6.50 


94 


43 


65 


90 


43 


63 


65 


64 


July 


6.41 


7.75 


91 


44 


71 


89 


49 


69 


71 


70 


August .... 


5.33 


6.72 


92 


48 


68 


91 


50 


68 


69 


67 


September . . 


3.80 


5.33 


87 


31 


61 


84 


35 


60 


62 


62 


October .... 


2.99 


4.36 


83 


20 


57 


82 


24 


56 


51 


52 








68 
61 


7 
3 


38 

82 


66 
59 


8 



38 
32 


40 
36 


40 








34 











WATEE EEGISTEAE'S EEPOET, 1880. 



Office of the Watee Eegistrar, 

City Hall, Boston, May 1, 1880. 

L. R. Cutter, Esq., 

Ohairman of the Boston Water Board : — 

Sir, — The Water Registrar, in compliance with the re- 
quirements of the ordinances, herewith presents his annual 
report for the year ending with April 30, 1880. 

The total number of water-takers now entered for the 
year 1880 is 52,268, being an increase since January 1, 
1879, of 745. 

The total number of cases where the water has been 
turned off for non-payment of rates during the year is 
1,367 ; of this number 1,004 have been turned on, leaving a 
balance of 363 still remaining off. 

The total revenue received from the sale of 

water on account of the year ending April 

30, 1880, is $968,540 73 

From the sale of water furnished in previous 

years 57,067 09 

From the Mystic Department for Cochituate 

water furnished East Boston from July 

23 to December 24, 1879 . . . 19,172 70 



Total . . . . . . $1,044,780 52 

The total revenue received 
from East Boston for the 
year is ... . $67,559 80 

Of this amount there has been 
paid to the Mystic Depart- 
ment, as per contract . 44,013 24 

In addition to the above there has been re- 
ceived for turning on water, in cases 
where it had been turned off for non- 
payment of rates, the sum of . . . 1,988 00 

Received for summons .... 1,624 25 



Total $1,048,392 77 



64 City Document No. 108. 

The estimated amount of income from the 

sale of water during the year ending 

April 30, 1881 $970,000 00 

The expenditures of my office during the 

year 1879 have been .... $23,921 77 

METERS. 

The total number of meters now attached to the premises 
of water-takers is 1,097. 

Of this number 680 are |-inch ; 348 1-inch ; 47 2-inch ; 
18 3-iDch ; 4 4-inch sizes. 

In addition there are 157 elevators and 40 motors, with 
indicators attached, to determine the quantity of water con- 
sumed. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



65 



The following' table exhibits the class of premises to which 
meters are attached, together with the amount of revenue 
received during the year : — 



Name. 



Eevere House. . . . 
American House. . 
Parker House .... 

U. S. Hotel 

Tremont House . . 

Young's Hotel 

Adams House .... 
Hotel Berkeley. .. 
Albion Building . . . 

Hotel Pelham . 

Hotel Boylston 

La Grange House. . 

St. Cloud 

Hotel Clarendon. . . 

Seaver House 

Evans House 

Park-square Hotel . 
Hotel Kempton . . . . 
Hotel Hamilton . . . 
Hotel Vendome . . . . 
Coolidge House . . . 
Hancock House . . . 
Merrimac House . • . 
Stanley House 



Class. 



Hotel 



Amount car' dforw'd I I.. .. 83,513,370 



Gallons. 



6,411,114 

9,806,108 

10,361,328 

7,868,364 

8,849,379 

12,035,993 

6,889,508 

2,668,891 

1,751,033 

1,732,112 

2,948,941 

394,787 

1,281,204 

1,498,884 

263,676 

1,021,013 

302,641 

1,289,273 

1,410,909 

2,295,634 

1,648,637 

155,559 

223,966 

404,416 



Revenue. 



^1,364 81 

2,074 63 

2,198 87 

1,682 18 

1,874 56 

2,534 35 

1,465 43 

573 57 

374 37 

366 72 

618 77 

83 50 

274 81 

322 68 

55 29 

218 84 

62 77 

276 19 

304 08 

514 92 

345 83 

31 10 

47 80 

86 87 



r,752 84 



66 



Keport of the Water Board. 



Name. 



Avioujit br'tforw'd . • 
International Hotel . . 

Hotel Alexander 

Hotel Brunswick .... 

Park's Hotel 

Derby House 

City Hotel 

Hotel Albermarle 

Ashland House 

Hotel Columbus 

Hotel Glover 

Merchants' Hotel.... 

M. J. Flatley 

New England House 
Winthrop House .... 

Dooley's Hotel 

Falmouth House . • • • 

Job A. Turner 

Milliken House 

Bell's Hotel 

Everett House 

Metropolitan House . . 
Commonwealth Hotel 

St. James Hotel 

Massachusetts House, 
Bay State House .... 
Mariner's House 



Class. 



Hotel 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Gallons. 



83,513,370 

2,531,583 

1,488,339 

7,745,881 

521,866 

455,341 

331,043 

897,728 

451,674 

2,153,055 

692,858 

170,693 

124,238 

783,032 

572,098 

97,876 

317,101 

264,759 

448,059 

1,775,349 

195,377 

1,715,732 

2,513,326 

2,950,133 

97,575 

493,291 

297,945 



Revenue. 



17,752 84 

533 68 

316 52 

1,658 17 

110 77 

96 65 

68 32 

191 91 

95 19 

456 70 

147 42 

36 53 

26 19 

165 19 

120 71 

21 03 

67 43 

66 41 

95 72 

380 30 

41 07 

365 27 

527 12 

629 32 

20 60 

107 32 

61 86 



113,599,3221 $24,150 24 



Report of the Water Board. 



67 



Name. 



Amount br't for'wd . ■ 

Robertson House .-. . . 

Boston Hotel 

Creighton House 

Van Eensselaer 

Quincy House 

Marston House 

Crawford House 

Pavilion House 

Norfolk House 

Hampton House 

Hotel Agassiz 

Phillips House 

Albany House 

Cattle Fair Hotel 

Phoenix House 

Hotel Huntington 

Hotel Cluny 

Stinson House 

John D. Miller 

Moody Merrill 

New Marlboro' Hotel. 

Hotel Hoffman 

Geo. W. Marks & Co. 

Hotel Bristol (3 mo.) 

Old Colony and New- 
port Railroad Co. • . 



Class. 



Hotel . 



Gallons. 



11 



113,599,322 
197,221 
255,055 

4,517,791 
531,046 

2,072,154 
754,869 

2,992,591 
651,638 
637,366 
550,779 

1,945,253 

97,006 

325,493 

330,271 

266,514 

1,204,861 

3,559,374 
216,210 
229,223 

1,649,386 

307,094 

280,506 

16,038 

414,203 

23,057,672 



Revenue. 



?24,150 24 
42 63 

54 62 
959 97 
114 11 
438 20 
160 02 
638 36 
137 81 
136 40 
120 73 
421 15 

20 09 
69 96 
68 07 

55 63 
256 42 
765 65 

45 62 

49 07 

350 15 

63 61 

56 09 
t 

3 20 

82 84 

4,888 36 



Amount cm-'dforw'd. 



160,658,936 



1,149 00 



68 



City Document No. 108. 



Kame. 



ATTkount br'^t forw'd 



Boston and Albany 
Railroad Co 



Boston and Maine 
Railroad Co 



Boston and Lowell 
Railroad Co 



Eitchburg Railroad Co, 
Eastern Railroad Co.. 



New York and New 
England R.R. Co. . 

Boston and Provi- 
dence Railroad Co. 

Boston, Revere Beach, 
and Lynn R.R. Co. 

Boston, Winthrop and 
Pt. Shirley R.R. Co. 

Boston Gas Light Co. 

So. Boston Gas L't Co. 

E. Boston Gas L't Co. 

Roxbury Gas L't Co. . 

Dorchester Gas L't Co. 

Standard Sugar Re- 
finery 



Jasper Sugar Refinery 

Continental Sugar Re- 
finery - 



Bay State Sugar Re- 
finery 



Oxnard Sugar Refin- 
ery 



Boston Sugar Refinery 
Bay State Rolling Mill 



Class. 



17 



Amount car' dforw'd 416,298,192 



G-allons. 



160,658,936 

36,674,772 

5,317,411 

6,121,141 
5,326,502 
6,850,061 

15,561,842 

16,411,382 

4,990,433 

296,625 
30,242,279 
810,302 
1,176,390 
990,728 
557,979 

64,091,349 
64,230 

23,867,250 

14,934,300 

3,392,013 

181,850 

17,780,417 



Revenue. 



^34,149 00 
7,779 74 
1,122 15 

1.296 17 
1,119 17 
1,444 52 

3.297 38 

3,460 54 

1,051 55 

62 04 
6,523 14 
174 91 
250 27 
422 42 
117 23 

13,653 13 
15 37 

4,976 55 

3,053 97 

683 64 

25 12 

3,646 33 



3,324 34 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



69 



Name. 



Amount ir't forw'd. 

Norway Iron Works 

Highland Spring 
Brewery 



Edward Habich 

J. W. Kenney 

King & Lang 

H. &J. Pfaff 

Marshall Brewery . . . 

A. J. Houghton & Co., 
Hallock St 



A. J. Houghton & Co., 
Station st 



Boylston Brewery. . . . 
Gottleib Burkhardt . . 

John Roessle 

Jones, Cook, & Co. . . 

Boston Beer Co 

Conrad Decker 

Suffolk Brewing Co. . 
Burton Brewery 



Elmwood Spring 
Brewery 



Vincent & Hathaway. 

Moses Fairbanks & 
Co 



Coburn, Lang, & Co. 

Comstock, Gove, & 
Co 



Isaac Pratt, Jr. 



Amount car' d forw'd. 



Class. 



Brewery 



Beer 
Factory. 



Building 



Gallons. 



416,298,192 
25,200,308 

5,617,575 
2,869,269 
1,469,634 

161,355 
5,641,725 

730,614 

960,819 

1,870,982 
2,215,110 

633,939 
8,082,825 
7,033,448 
5,966,018 
1,081,621 
6,257,625 

660,750 

841,006 

471,016 

729,939 
273,511 

269,574 
1,057,208 



496,394,063 



Eevenue. 



88,324 34 
5,347 42 

1,198 28 

612 03 

305 76 

40 34 

1,191 73 

148 52 

198 68 

386 44 
463 09 

137 89 
1,701 16 
1,484 05 
1,256 45 

230 81 
1,322 17 

138 85 

179 65 
97 64 

149 99 

56 68 

55 77 
221 50 



$105,249 24 



70 



CiTT Document No. 108. 



Name. 


Class. 




a 


c 


o 

■B 

CO 


.s 


o 

a 
'3 

M 


"a 
o 


Qallons. 


Revenue. 


Amount hrHforw'd •• 






496,394,063 


$105,249 24 


Wesleyan Association 


Building 


3 


•• 










3 


437,138 


93 23 


Tremont Temple 


(( 


1 


1 


•• 








2 


1,185,182 


253 84 


S. S. Houghton & Co. 


(1 


1 






•• 






1 


461,176 


97 24 




(( 


9 












9 


240,458 
579,976 


53 55 


Smith & Porter 


ii 


2 






.. 






2 


123 00 


E. A. Dewson 


(1 


2 












2 


1,021,711 


215 20 


Boston Journal 


ii 


•• 


1 










1 


1,193,993 


256 09 


Joseph Byers 


a 


2 




•• 








2 


714,489 


150 99 


N.E. Mut. Life Ins. 
Co., 70 State st. ... 


11 


2 












2 


105,916 


22 21 


N.E. Mut. Life Ins. 
Co., Milk St 


(C 


1 


1 










2 


897,549 


196 59 


Horticultural Hall . . . 


(( 




1 










1 


249,429 


53 35 


Suffolk National B'k 


(( 


2 


1 


•• 


•• 






3 


187,637 


38 19 


Benjamin Leeds 


(( 


2 


•• 




•• 






2 


282,406 


60 48 


Blackstone Market. . . 


It 


2 












2 


174,391 


36 24 


John Eayner heirs . . 


(( 


2 


•• 










2 


227,476 


47 27 


Hill & Towne 


(< 


2 












2 


193,621 


41 18 


Turn Hall 




1 


1 










1 
1 


562,109 
358,389 


122 28 


B. B. Appleton heirs 


81 85 


J. W. Merriam 


(( 


2 




•• 








2 


239,048 


49 24 


Peter B. Brigham 


u 


2 


•• 


•• 


• ■ 






2 


453,466 


96 65 


Mrs. Ellen Brooks. .. 


(( 


1 


•• 










1 


87,181 


18 66 


Oriental Tea Company 


" 


1 












1 


292,695 


61 67 


S D Hicks 


<( 


1 


1 










9 


1,831,269 
835,358 


383 00 


John Stetson 


<( 




1 










1 


179 59 


Macullar, Parker, & 
Co 


(( 


— 


1 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1 


465,991 
509,672,117 


98 69 






Amount car'dforw'd. 




$108,079 62 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



71 



Name. 



Amount hr't forw'd . 

John F. Mills 

Lilly & Brackett. . • . 

J. I. Brown & Son. . 

Hogg, Brown, & Tay- 
lor 



A. Wentworth 

William Eopes, estate 

A. D. Puffer 

J. R. Hall 

Grand Lodge of 
Masons 



James W. Rollins . . . . 

Haley, Morse, & Co. . 

Mass. Inst, of Tech- 
nology 



S. N. Brown, jr. 
A. H.Vinton 

A. Stowell 

B. F. Bradbury.. 



Shepard, Norwell, & 
Co 



D. J. Hastings 



C. U. Cotting, 628 
Washington st 



C. U. Cotting, 7 Court 
sq 



W. H. Mann 

Moulton & Bradley . . 

Jordan, Marsh, &Co., 
Washington street. 



Class. 



Building 



Gallons. 



509,672,117 

459,054 

2,110,804 

288,737 

3,146,206 
282,901 

2,576,297 
490,096 
564,518 

216,351 

620,303 

76,156 

1,116,879 
334,051 
131,761 
216,346 
134,355 

363,541 
345,834 

531,249 

77,341 
Vacant. 

1,984,554 

1,338,098 



Revenue. 



,079 52 

95 76 

457 45 

63 35 

667 93 

69 72 
549 05 
104 35 
119 22 

68 84 

132 37 

15 78 

242 66 

70 24 
27 96 
47 07 
27 94 

76 79 

71 25 

114 77 
17 24 

396 89 
275 65 



Amount car' d forw'd. 



527,077,549 $111,781 80 



72 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 


Class. 


o 


,c 


s 


d 


.c 


s 


s 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 






lO 


— 


- 


m 


•* 


— 


H 






Amount hr't forw'd . . 




.. 


527,077,549 


$111,781 80 


G. T. Burnham & Co. 


Building 












•• 


1 


756,391 


160 71 


Stephen H. Bennett 


<( 


"> 












9. 


649,044 


143 96 


"W. H. Foster 


11 


1 












1 


245,351 


51 87 


Brown & Seavey 


It 


1 












1 


89,521 


18 83 


Franklin Evans 


n 


1 










•• 


1 


168,407 


35 29 


J. Zane & Co 


n 


2 












2 


209,634 


44 02 


Allen & Woodworth . . 




1 










•• 


1 


185,071 


39 23 


Merchants' Exchange 


(( 


1 






•• 






3 


4,558,554 


958 02 


H. M. Burr &Co 


(< 


2 










•• 


2 


186,218 


39 10 


J. T. Brown & Co. . . 


(< 


1 












1 


198,330 


41 68 


J C frrav ■ 


J, 


8 












4 


404,821 


85 60 


C. F. Hovey & Co. . . 


<( 


3 












4 


1,122,114 


236 96 


Globe Publishing 


n 


1 












1 


717,056 


153 64 


Charles Rollins 


(( 














1 


1,216,561 


253 66 


Adams Express Co. . . 


(( 


2 












3 


515,139 


109 69 


A; J. Wright 


<< 


•• 












1 


1,142,446 


251 64 


W. Blenkinsop 


u 


2 












2 


292,696 


62 28 


Boston Gas Light Co. 


(c 


2 












2 


115,217 


24 29 


John F. Wilson 


(( 


1 












1 


269,746 


57 39 


L P Ober 


it 


1 
1 












1 
1 


440,633 
220,621 


92 24 


Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association — 


48 09 


A. A. Miner 


(1 


1 












1 


168,886 


36 04 


Henry F. Miller 


u 












•• 


1 


321,203 


68 63 


Art Building 


a 












•• 


1 


253,036 


55 54 


Equitable Life Ins. Co. 


i( 


1 






•• 






2 


1,017,661 


219 40 


Amount car'd forw'd. 
















542,541,906 


$115,069 60 



Eeport on the Water Board. 



73 



Name. 



Atnount hrHforw'd . . 

E. H. White & Co. . . 

Young Men's Chris- 
tian Union 



W. R. Clark . . 
Deacon House 



Boston Herald Build- 
ing 



Loring & Dexter, 
Trust 



Commonwealth Build- 
ing 



Mutual Life Ins. Co. 
of N.Y 



Class. 



Building 



F. Tudor 

Studio Building 

Boston Post Building 
Traveller Building. . . 

Union Building 

Wentworth Building. 

Eice Building 

Carter Building 

Edmands Building. . . 
Washington Building 

Niles Building 

Palmer's Building . 
Joy's Building 



Joshua M. Sears, 199 
Washington street . 

Advertiser Building 



Gallons. 



542,541,906 
1,792,495 

1,961,484 

420,961 

89,068 

3,160,981 

641,874 

842,664 

671,625 

1,045,847 

593,491 

857,626 

594,616 

1,126,838 

311,439 

542,183 

161,394 

357,541 

807,961 

1,080,930 

129,001 

413,939 

999,954 
950,581 



Revenue. 



115,069 60 
379 68 

419 90 
90 34 
18 11 

669 68 

135 26 

175 33 

142 57 
224 07 

126 54 
180 82 

127 35 
235 62 

66 70 

114 28 

34 62 

74 34 

169 58 

227 58 

28 17 

86 40 

214 65 
210 12 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



562,096,399 



#119,221 41 



74 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Class. 



Gallons. 



Revenue. 



Amount br't forw^d . 
Charity Building . . . 
Codman Building . • . 
Transcript Building. 



Merchants' Bank 
Building 



Paine Memorial Hall. 

Chauncy Hall School 

Mass. General Hospi- 
tal 



City Hospital 

Lunatic Hospital . . 

New England Hospital 

Mass. Homoeopathic 
Hospital 



Notre Dame Academy 

House of the Good 
Shepherd (3 months) 



Church Home 

Sailors' Home 

Temporary Home . . 
Somerset Club . . . . 

Union Club 

Temple Club 

Central Club 

Boston Music Hall. 



N.E. Conservatory of 
Music 



Park Theatre . 
City Hall . . . . 



Amount br't forw'd 



562,096,399 
324,594 

877,111 
580,328 

1,424,957 
225,188 
121,703 

6,864,758 
9,896,492 
4,200,504 
898,111 

417,646 
385,014 

450,061 
838,074 
104,566 
403,816 
1,546,950 
821,889 
134,731 
30,909 
398,198 

79,128 

252,856 

2,459,236 



$119,221 31 

70 13 

182 82 

123 74 



595,833,219 



303 51 
47 54 
26 65 

1,531 31 

2,102 04 

892 80 

189 54 

87 46 
79 28 

96 16 

176 36 

24 54 

86 78 
330 31 
174 12 

28 80 
6 64 

87 44 

19 81 

55 09 

520 02 



3,464 20 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



75 



ATnount car'dforiv'd. 
State of Massachusetts 



United States 



Howard Athenaeum . 

Boston Theatre 

Globe Theatre. . .%.. 
Boylston Market. • • . 
Washington Market . 

Suffolk Market 

Franklin Market . . . 
Williams Market • . . 
Medical College .... 

Boston College 

Mrs. C. C. Annable. 
Mrs. W. A. Colson . 
Charles W. Smith . . 

M. P. Carr 

J. H. Grout 

George Odin heirs . . 
James F. Goodwin. • . 

Mrs. D. L. Morse 

Mrs. C. Farley 

Mrs. C. Cummings. .. 

James Knowlton 

Euel Philbrook 

J. A. Merrill 

Mrs. G. A. Winn.... 



Class. 



StateHo. 

Post \ 
Office. / 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Board'g. 



Gallons. 



595,833,219 
2,287,613 

1,415,475 

75,336 
585,294 
503,724 
548,701 
413,063 
334,456 
291,908 
259,148 
610,449 
412,561 
763,411 
235,456 
179,769 
200,266 
317,006 
110 948 
389,446 
230,529 
102,128 
228,398 
799,418 
334,412 
390,399 
112,530 



Revenue. 



,464 20 
484 00 

305 23 

16 68 

126 62 

109 17 

115 50 

86 78 

70 25 

66 57 

58 11 

128 28 

89 09 

159 02 

51 28 

38 41 

42 15 

66 71 

23 36 
82 38 
60 04 
22 16 
50 11 

169 62 
73 11 
82 U 

24 74 



607,965,063 



$129,056 01 



76 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Class. 



Gallons. 



Revenue. 



Amount hrHforw'd 
Mrs. N. r. Chapin. 
William Evans .... 



Board'g. 
Model . . 



M. H. Abbott, 215 
Kneeland st 



E. Cutler, 224 Knee- 
land st 



Michael Doherty 
Job A. Turner . . 
James Chisholm. 

J. Collins 

D. L. Webster . . 
Thomas Cantlon. 
W. B. Mendum.. 



Lowell Five-Cent Sav- 
ings Bank 



N. Whiting 



David Wilcox & Co., 
8 Boylston square. 

J. Morrill, Jr., & Co. 

Pearson Cordage Co. 

J. Morse 

L. Whittaker 

C. Wright & Co 



Factory. 



Howard Watch & 
Clock Co 



Haley, Morse & Co. . . 
Roxbury Carpet Co. . . 
George C. Pearson. . . 
Putnam Nail Co 



607,965,063 
127,254 
302,918 

178,989 

141,639 
300,758 
66,534 
171,023 
244,478 
1,152,324 
107,934 
236,799 

892,493 
559,568 

1,214,693 
105,174 

1,510,973 
147,879 
122,603 
209,841 

332,409 

Not using. 

3,064,445 

447,631 
3,756,084 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



623,359,506 



$132,334 07 



Report of the Water Board. 



77 



Name. 


Class. 


.a 




a 


CO 


A 
p 
•* 


Indicator. 
Totals. 


Revenue. 


















. 62.*? ^f't^ 'lOfi 


$132,334 07 
224 08 


William Carleton 


Factory . 


1 


2 




.. 






3 1,055,124 


Murphy, Leavens, & 
Co 


(C 


1 












1 331,584 


70 65 




H. M. Richards 


(< 


1 












1 371,033 


78 19 


Charles E. Kershaw. . 


(( 


1 






•• 






1 Not using. 




E. Strain & Co 


(( 


1 




•• 








1 133,065 


30 97 


Peet Valve Co 


(< 




1 










1 722,822 


151 60 


A. W. Bailey 


<( 


2 




•• 








2 122,222 


25 66 


CM. Clapp&Co 


(t 


•• 


1 


•• 








1 314,904 


65 88 




<( 


1 


•• 


•• 








1 543,615 


113 71 




Byam, Carleton & Co. 


(( 


1 




•• 








1 39,278 


8 21 


Stephen Smith & Co. . 


(( 


1 


•• 


•• 


•• 






1 658,126 


138 63 




(< 


•• 


3 










3 1,941,526 


412 22 


Mace & Keys 


<( 


1 












1 198,308 


42 59 


Bagnall & Loud 


(< 


1 






•• 






1 212,181 


45 99 


Boston Car Spring Co. 


(f 


•• 




•• 








1 620,446 


131 09 


A. Folsom & Sons .... 


(< 














1 371,784 


79 18 


Dwinell, Hayward, & 
Co 


(< 


1 












1 637,216 


134 61 




J. M. Cook, estate. .. 


l< 














1 1,411,794 


297 09 


Hallet & Davis 


l( 


•• 






•• 






1 183,062 


39 07 


S. D. & H. W. Smith, 
Montgomery st 


(( 














I 692,355 


145 35 


S. D. & H. W. Smith, 


(1 














L 657,893 
I 242,949 


137 29 
60 11 


Emerson Piano Co. . . 


l< 


1 












William Underwood & 




















Co 


(< 


2 




•• 








2 764,831 


158 26 




G. D. Dowes & Co. . . 


(1 


•• 












I 625,486 


130 26 


ATnount car'dforw'd. 


, , 


, . 


, . 






. . . 


636,201,110 


$135,044 76 



78 



City Document No. 108. 



Kame. 



Amount hrH forw'd • 



D. Wilcox & Co., 
Avery st 



C. P. George & Co. . . 

Boston Belting Co. . • 

Eichardson, McKee, 
& Co 



H. Barker 

Conrad Zeigler 

C. H. Bacon 

Morton & Chesley. . . . 

A. Zeigler 

Cummings & Carlisle- 

Walworth Manufact. 
Co 



Class. 



Factory ■ 



Newton, Morton, & 
Co 



A. J. Morse & Co. . 

Seth W. Fowle & Son 

H. B. Arnold & Co. . . 

Dennis on Manufact. 
Co., 25 Vale st . . . . 

Chadwick Lead Works 

Henry Mayo & Co. . . . 

B. F. Sturtevant 

Charles W. Spurr . . . 
Hallett & Cumston. . . 

P. Lally 

S. G. Underhill 



Amer. Molded Collar 
Co 



Amount car'd forw'd. 



Gallons. 



636,201,110 

207,106 

15,158 

375,750 

470,108 

129,113 

45,541 

1,375,981 

1,623,121 

19,488 

1,138,291 

425,130 

314,056 

398,919 

33,807 

434,783 

434,506 
419,004 
575,026 
331,088 
177,646 
370,959 
637,104 
476,214 

488,732 



Revenue. 



647,117,741 



$135,044 76 

43 50 
3 03 

81 64 

100 17 
27 44 
10 63 

292 02 

345 40 
3 88 

242 94 

90 50 

66 11 

84 11 

7 32 

94 96 

87 63 

87 04 

114 99 

69 m 

2,1 80 

80 38 

132 07 

101 37 

103 53 



.$137,352 88 



Eeport of the Watee Boaed. 



79 



Amount br't forw'd . 

Kittredge & Co 

D. Shales & Co 

Christopher Blake.. 
G. H. Dickerman . . . 

J. L. Ross 

R. Estabrook & Son. 

George Gill 

F. King & Co 



Grover & Baker Sew- 
ing Machine Co., 
Wash, st 



Downes & Adams. . 

Jon a. Cottle 

J. A.Frampton (6mos. ) 
H. N. Glover (5 mos.) 

G. F. Waldron 

A. K. Young 

Harrison Loring 

S. A. Woods & Co... 

George F. Blake 

Ashcroft Manufact. Co 

L. M. Ham 

Eyelet Tool Co 

L. A. Bigelow ■ 

William Evans , 

Smith & Lovett 



Class. 



Factory . 



Mach'ist 



Am. Tool and Ma- 
chine Co 



Gallons. 



647,117,741 
Not using. 
371,581 
339,813 
612,461 
100,726 
395,843 
168,833 
577,336 

15,000 
201,346 
561,451 
113,573 
284,661 
Vacant. 

428,378 
112,321 
757,576 
876,684 
576,256 
380,574 
211,463 
630,121 
884,409 
181,230 

881,709 



$137,352 88 

79 64 

72 23 

106 57 

23 81 
79 16 
35 28 

122 03 

3 00 

40 82 

112 27 

22 70 

56 92 

90 42 

24 00 
159 74 
192 29 
121 65 

79 84 

44 73 

134 42 

191 11 

38 27 

188 40 



Amount car'd forw'd. 



656,681,086 $139,372 18 



80 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Amoiint br'tfo7'w'd . . 

J. Souther & Co 

Boston Machine Co. . 
Hersey Brothers 



Hinckley Locomotive 
Works 



Atlantic Works, Chel- 
sea St 



Atlantic Works, Bor- 
der st 



Holmes & Blanchard, 
Charlestown st 



H. S. Robinson 

Geo. T. McLaughlin . 

South Boston Iron Co. 

Holmes & Blanchard, 
Taylor st 



James Gurney & Co. • 

William Blake & Co. . 

Whiting Foundry Co. 

Tremont Foundry Co. 

Fulton Iron Foundry 
Co 



Charles Roberts 

Highland Foundry Co, 

M. H. Washburn 

George Miles 



Downer Kerosine Oil 
Co 



S. Jenney & Co. . 
Maverick Oil Co. 



Class. 



Mach'ist 



Foundry 



Boil'r'm, 
Oil W'ks 



Amount car' d for w'd 682,383,197 $144,823 04 



Gallons. 



656,681,086 

11,138 

1,299,039 

291,241 

1,946,476 

1,907,761 

2,348,550 

721,711 

200,049 

612,294 

1,742,971 

192,159 
137,896 
577,241 
379,164 

38,865 

149,101 
569,716 
326,513 
129,279 
333,751 

9,320,393 
1,109,603 
1,357,200 



Revenue. 



$139,372 18 

2 22 

274 08 

60 95 

413 45 

411 34 

491 22 

154 36 

42 33 

130 07 

368 87 

40 70 

28 52 

121 01 

80 33 

8 31 

31 20 
120 52 
66 39 
28 10 
69 51 

1,987 64 
233 24 
286 50 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



81 



Name. 



Amount br'iforw'd .. 

Pierce & Canterbury . 

Kidder, Vaughn, & Co. 

Bowker, Torrey, & 
Co., Bowker st. . . . 

Bowker, Torrey, & 
Co., Foundry st. . . . 



Torreys & Co 

C. E. Hall & Co 

A. "Wentworth & Co. . 
Richard Povrer & Son. 

Jeremiah Carew 

E. E. Meaney 

Geo. F. Chapin & Co. 



Pike & Fabins . 



Horace H. Lewis . . . . 
"W. K. Lewis & Bros. . 
M. M. Pickett & Son. 
E. T. Cowdrey & Co. . 
Warner & Freeman . . 
Fobes,Hayward, &Co. 

Chase & Co 

A. F. Copeland 

E. M. Messenger 

Mrs. G. F. Harrington. 
Marston & Cunio . . . . 
W. L. Egerton 



Amount car^d forw'd. 



Class. 



Oil Wks 



Marble 
, Works 



Stone Yd 



Vinegar 
Works 

Pickle 
Factory 



Salt Wks 
Confec'y 



Restaur't 



Gallons. 



682,383,197 

1,240,757 

366,181 

3,198,331 

Not using. 

2,436,203 

2,684,573 

1,987,569 

567,256 

307,404 

1,621,066 

174,624 

433,321 
178,771 
266,484 
189,766 
780,008 
209,987 
584,724 
1,408,569 
676,166 
175,674 
302,371 
341,364 
441,841 



702,956,207 



Revenue. 



$144,823 04 

274 20 

78 66 

672 90 

518 04 
563 65 
419 14 
118 79 
66 35 
334 18 

35 84 

92 19 

36 93 
56 38 
40 15 

162 37 
46 02 
123 80 
295 68 
188 34 

37 04 
63 78 
72 82 
91 79 



^149,212 08 



82 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Amount br't forw'd . . 
Frost & Dearborn. . . . 

George Fera 

D. T. Copeland 

F. E. Weber 

R. B. Brigbam 

W. F. Bacon 

Thomas Hillery 

Campbell & Coverly . 

C. T. Somes 

O. A. Jones 

O. S. Edgerly 

C. H. Bailey 

Mary Smith 

R. M. Waitt 

C. E. Bacon 

Thomas "Walton 

J. Gallagher 

A. E. Stahl & Co 

Dearborn & Ingalls . . 

A. R. Weir 

S. A. Clough& Son.. 

J. W. Saunders 

A. F. Copeland.. .... 

J. Backus 

W. S. Matthews 



Brock & Coy, 243 
Atlantic ave 



Amount car'dforw'd . 



Class. 



Restaur't 



Gallons. 



702,956,207 
455,176 
318,421 
774,039 
207,939 
1,330,771 
123,001 
195,488 
405,864 
220,876 
223,846 
50,558 
228,841 
118,981 
188,236 
300,271 
96,504 
84,284 
11,805 
216,781 
165,976 
220,823 
204,946 
293,068 
387,923 
237,818 

179,243 



Revenue. 



$149,212 08 
95 38 
67 97 

163 66 
44 06 

281 97 

26 41 

41 65 
86 23 
44 98 

47 49 
10 72 

48 18 

27 44 
39 96 
63 88 
20 51 
18 33 

2 36 

46 19 
35 16 

47 76 

42 97 
62 97 
82 16 
50 45 



710,197,636 $150,749 83 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



83 



Atnount hr't forw'd. 



Brock & Coy, 73 
Clinton 



Sheppard & Cham- 
berlin 



Durgin, Park, & Co. . 

Paul & Savoy 

Smith & Underwood . 

J. M. Learned 

Charles Vossler 

Tibbets & Eussell 

J. H. Blodgett 



E. E. & J. S. Hig- 
gins 



Atwood & Bacon . . • • 

Smith & Wright 

Palais Eoyal 

.Felton & Son 

Jonas H. French . . • . 

C. H. Graves 

James Edmond& Co. 



A. Hale & Co. 



Byron & Hall 



Byron & Hall, El s- 
worth pi 



W. H. Swift & Co. . 

W. L. Bradley 

W. H. Bowker & Co. 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Class. 



Restaur't 



Saloon . 



Distill'y 



Rectifier 

Fire 
Brick. 

Rubber 
Works. 

Currier. 



Fertiliz's 



Gallons. 



710,197,636 

226,038 

226,817 
314,724 
271,876 
628,013 
626,021 
425,837 
430,344 
524,281 

971,552 
97,719 
474,496 
360,324 
2,221,186 
711,294 
248,191 

460,838 

269,896 
280,037 

81,331 

1,122,998 

2,354,116 

866,610 



Revenue. 



150,749 83 

47 18 

47 99 
66 79 

57 80 
133 62 
111 66 

89 44 

91 71 

110 81 

207 67 
20 97 

103 25 
73 59 

463 50 

146 89 
53 10 

100 81 

58 47 
63 71 

16 25 
234 30 
505 38 
184 16 



724,292,175 $153,738 78 



84 



CiTr Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Amount br'i forw'd . 
B. Eandall 



Boston Dye Wood & 
Chemical Co 



W. H. Whitmore 

G. W. & F. Appleton 

Preston & Merrill 

Quirin & Nelson 

F. S. Merritt 

R. W. Ames & Son . . 
James A. Frampton. . 
Boston Forge Co 



Boston Lead ManT g 
Co 



A. N. Hardy 



Compressed Shafting 
Co 



Suffolk Glass Co. 



"Washington Pipe 
Works 



New England Pottery 

Simpson's Dry Dock 
Co 



Cunard Steamship Co 

Union Freight Rail- 
way Co 



W. B. Gleason & Co. 

Butchers' Slaughter- 
ing and Melting As- 
sociation 



John Giblin 



Amount car'd forw'd. 



ClaBs. 



Fertiliz's 
Chemic's 



Extracts 
Tannery 



Pho'pher 



Carying. 



Skating 
Rink. 



Gallons. 



724,292,175 
221,183 

14,032,079 

354,740 

Not using. 

620,475 

406,816 

455,559 

Not using. 

156,901 

2,238,332 

433,877 
127,418 

52,635 
696,751 

Not using. 
463,719 

695,304 
3,838,725 

1,689,900 
152,739 

3,831,683 
Not using. 



$153,738 78 
50 00 



754,761,01 1||160,201 75 



Report of the Water Board. 



85 



Name. 



Amount br't forw'd 



Boston Skating Rink 
Co 



Metropolitan Railroad 
Co 



So. Boston Railroad 
Co 



Highland Railroad 
Co 



Draper & Hall 

V. R. Bridgham 

C. H. Foster 

A. J. Child 

E. A. Noyes 

James W. Hale 

A. H. Foster 

I. M. Southwick 

Charles R. Smith .... 

J Austin Rogers 

Norfolk House Stable 

Charles Foster & Co. 

Parmenter & Sumner 

Robert H. Douglas . . 

J. Frank Pickett 

J. P. Barnard, 108 
Chestnut street .... 

J. P. Barnard, cor. 
Brimmer and Chest- 
nut streets 



J. P. Barnard, Joy st, 
A. Garcelon 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Class. 



Skating 
Rink. 



Stables 



Stable 



16 



22 



Gallons. 



754,761,011 

200,025 

9,127,225 

4,888,743 

2,965,833 

999,181 

846,283 

398,798 

620,636 

605,628 

195,009 

30,360 

87,286 

214,862 

567,579 

Not using. 

274,493 

232,096 

261,233 

82,824 

368,476 

421,838 
944,761 
288,099 



778,682,279 



Revenue. 



,201 75 

50 00 

1,946 56 

1,030 13 

622 15 

209 22 

70 92 

84 02 

106 88 

104 46 

40 05 

7 59 

17 45 

44 84 

119 93 

57 24 
50 78 
54 92 
16 96 

79 17 

90 10 

195 11 

60 54 



$165,260 77 



86 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 

* 


ClaBS. 


c 


.a 
o 
c 




« 




o 

-3 


73 
o 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 


Amount hr't forw'd .. 


















778,682,279 


$165,260 77 


Clark & Brown 


Stable . . 
















352,598 


72 54 


G. W. Sherburne 


















116,161 


24 25 


J. E. Maynard 


















652,974 


134 89 




















182,507 
382,074 


38 41 


Adams Express Co. .. 


















79 24 


John Eaton, Jr 


















126,786 


25 92 




















56,369 
335,409 


11 83 


J. T. Manson 


















68 99 


Warner & Richardson 


















433,606 


89 87 


George M. King 










• • 








487,321 


101 05 


Milo "Whitney 


















161,776 


34 20 


Daniel Wood 


















344,641 


70 48 


T. D. Sullivan 








• • 










153,406 


32 74 


Ham & Co 


















372,496 
98,664 


76 33 


r. E. Russell 








.. 










20 56 


Edgar Snow 








• • 










43,665 


9 26 


Israel Tibbitts 










• • 








239,205 


48 99 


James Jellison 


















251,698 


51 50 




















20,926 
284,783 


4 18 


L. H. Brown 




2 










V 


2 


61 92 


Harwood & Hackett. . 




1 












1 


240,856 


49 48 


H. C. Nims 




3 












3 


501,031 


102 34 


Boston Hotels Coach 




















Co 




















1,623,452 
175,755 

342,076 


337 68 


E. W. Murray, Berke- 




\ 












1 


35 58 


E. W. Murray, Stan- 
hope street 




1 






.. 


— 




] 


71 71 


Amount car'dforw'd. 
















786,662,464 


$166,914 71 



Report of the Water Board. 



87 



Name. 



Class. 



Gallons. 



Amount br't forw'd • . 

A. B. Atherton 

Geo. S. Johnson .... 

Johnson Bros 

T. Thaxter., 

A. B. Winship 

J. F. Howes 

Miller & Eobinson . . . 

John Rice 

Geo. S. Fogg & Co. . . 

A. D. Pattee 

Nelson Brothers 

Moses Coleman & Son 

J. H. Richardson .... 

Northend & Foster. . . 

E. A. Batchelder 

Riverside Club Stable 

Club Stable, Chardon 
street 



Beacon Club Stable . . 
Z. R. Folsora & Co... 

Henry Beckwith 

F. A. Phelps 

A. P. Marion 

Parker Bryant 

B. W. Dean 

F. S. Rice & Co 

M. & W. Ham 



Stable 



Amount car'd forvi'd' 



786,662,464 
295,666 
292,913 
129,984 
121,621 
166,566 
505,576 
256,201 
448,598 
437,244 
157,54] 
108,256 
146,597 
231,173 
127,404 
160,395 
199,951 

104,529 
110,109 
331,628 
151,755 
482,312 
207,998 
250,816 
227,484 
553,989 
321,931 



,914 71 
62 46 
60 52 
26 65 

25 10 
85 19 

103 26 
52 72 
93 62 
92 20 

32 22 

22 43 

30 47 
47 76 

26 10 

33 33 
43 78 

21 53 

23 55 
69 00 

31 05 
106 45 

42 64 
52 45 
47 67 
113 13 
67 03 



793,190,701 



,277 02 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Amount br^t forw'd . 
J. H. Pote & Co. . . . 
J. B. Cassidy & Bro. 

Peck & Hall 

J. Hale 

Ware & Bussigny. . . 
J. A. Eiedel & Co. . • 
Union Eailvray Co. • 
Charles O. Barnard. 
E. R. Webster 



Club Stable, 75 Chest- 
nut St 



Class. 



Stable 



C. S. Godfrey 

Clark & Brown 

William Pike 

A. H. Foss 

Cilley & Stimson .... 
Club Stable, 44 Joy St 

Ash Critchett 

A. S. Eaton 

L. A. Noyes 

Geo. D. Brown 

J. H. Hathorne 

H. D. Smith 

M. Munroe 

Geo.W. Hollis(5mos.) 

Boston Driving Ass'n. 



Amount car'd forw'd. 



Stocky'd 

Slaught- 
ering y'd 



Gallons. 



Revenue. 



793,190,701 
117,901 
185,096 
260,319 
191,514 
128,379 
186,911 
103,456 
178,394 
132,105 

194,657 
225,961 
718,104 
173,273 
109,284 
227,356 
283,426 
158,094 
208,921 
106,770 
155,777 
887,724 
273,129 
1,096,240 

43,005 
413,475 



799,899,972 



Report of the Water Board. 



89 



Amount br't fo7-w'd . . 
National Tube Works. 
Globe Nail Works . . . 



Farrington & Hunne- 
well 



B. M. Cunningham . . 

I. H. Carey 

Manley Howe 

L. Prang & Co 

E. G. Morse 

Erancis Brooks 

Walworth Manuf. Co. 

H. G. Denny 

Porter & Co 

C. U. Getting 

Moses B. Wilde 

John Foster 

J. M. Sears, 45 Arch St. 
John Briggs & Co. . . . 

J. S. Potter 

S. B. Stebbins... 

L. W. Pickens 

C. E. Folsom 



Boston City Flour 
Mills 



J. J. McNutt 

Glendon Co 

Manson & Peterson . 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Class. 



Silver- 
smiths 

Laundry 



Chromos 
Engine 



Mill 



Gallons. 



799,899,972 
610,301 
870,834 

101,566 
692,618 
73,471 
567,841 
450,653 
384,765 
290,679 

1,547,311 
223,621 
509,018 
264,893 
357,696 
408,331 

1,020,503 
531,931 
846,879 
710,191 
745,524 
94,673 

3,855,406 

1,817,746 

1,257,691 

769,456 



Revenne. 



,675 28 
109 58 
199 36 

21 59 

143 63 

14 68 

120 43 

94 08 

82 26 

62 29 

335 25 

48 11 

107 96 

56 42 

76 10 

87 82 

217 51 

111 37 

179 97 

148 07 

156 96 

19 55 

790 80 
384 02 
266 07 
163 63 



818,803,570 $173,672 79 



90 



City Document No. 108. 



Kame. 



Amount hr't forw'd . • 

S. G. Bennett 

Cross & Gilman 

McQueston «& Fogg . • 

J. F. Paul & Co 

Bugbee & Spooner. . . 

J. A. Robertson 

Stetson & Pope 

Chauncy, Page, & Co. 
S. H. L. Pierce 

A. J. Stearns & Son. . 
Palmer, Parker, & Co. 

J. F. Keating 

Watson & Bisbee 

Laming & Drisko .... 
Cressey & Noyes .... 
Smith & Jacobs 

B. D. Whitcomb 

S. Crosby & Son 

Nathaniel Cummings. 

R. S. Gilmore 

Glover & Jones 

Atlantic Dyewood Co. 

Standard Dyewood 
Mill 



Knowles, Freeman, & 
Co 



G. B. Spaulding & Co, 



Class. 



Mill 



Fish 

Store. 

Bacon 

Works, 



Amount car' d forw'd 838,210,476 $177,693 84 



Gallons. 



818,803,570 
738,539 
611,236 
292,059 

1,542,654 

473,297 

251,265 

Not using. 

711,939 

1,002,556 
32,393 
802,246 
655,786 
471,706 
353,281 

1,107,024 
725,784 

1,076,708 
771,113 
253,269 
Not using. 
(I 

6,042,774 
449,805 
763,404 
278,068 



Revenue. 



$173,672,79 

161 84 
128 66 

59 98 
326 99 
102 07 

60 24 

149 80 

112 65 

6 98 

171 63 

139 37 

97 49 

77 28 

237 36 

155 65 

230 32 

162 45 
53 30 



1,278 14 

89 95 

170 07 

58 93 



Keport of the Water Board. 



91 



Name. 



Amount br'tforw'd 



Bond, Blanchard, 
Worthen & Co 



G. K. Withington&Co. 
J. H. Chadwick 



Horatio Harris (6 ms. ) 
J. C. Nichols 



Warren & Co., Agts.. 

Hingham Steamboat 
Co 



Portland Steam Pack- 
et Co 



Class. 



Bakery 



House & 
Fount'n 



Wharf 
purposes 

Steamr's 



Thayer & Lincoln 

J. Henry Sears & Co, 

Litchfield Steamboat 
Co 



House of Correction 

Suffolk County Court 
House 



Suffolk County Jail . 



Directors of Public In- 
stitutions 



South Ferry . . . 
North Perry .... 
Board of Health 



Police Station No. 1 
" " 2 



Public 
Urinals 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Gallons. 



838,210,476 

63,548 
637,883 

53,153 
Not using. 

71,746 
1,115,431 

5,579,698 

1,853,325 
Not using. 
189,537 

2,105,265 
12,171,563 

1,137,311 
1,737,090 

6,522,811 
7,136,550 
8,276,550 

499,786 
236,971 
391,994 
356,679 



Revenue. 



883,347,367 



$177,693 84 

13 29 
131 94 

10 63 



14 34 
234 23 

1,115 93 

384 56 

37 89 

421 05 
2,633 75 

241 47 
366 78 

1,414 06 
1,527 31 
1,768 99 

103 21 
48 90 
83 44 
79 16 



$188,324 77 



92 



City Document No. 108. 



Amount hrH forw^d . - 
Police Station No. 4 
" 5 
" 6 
" 7 
" 8 
" 9 
" 10 
" 12 
" 13 



City Pr 



Class. 



L. W. Morrill & Co . 



John C. Miller 
First Church • . 
King's Chapel . 



Cathedral of the Holy 
Cross 



Trustees Masonic 
Building 



St. Mary's Church. 

Tremont-st. M. E. 
Church 



South Cong'l Church 

First Univ. Church . ■ 

Columbus-av. Univ. 
Church 



Rotary 
Pan 



Organ 



Shawmut Cong'l Soc'y 

Church of the Holy 
Redeemer 



Amount car'd forw'd. 



Gallons. 



Kevenue. 



883,347,367 
168,405 
285,204 
128,243 
207,783 
128,741 
152,948 
173,768 
62,851 
65,584 
723,525 

91,718 

1,049,048 

149,382 

109,549 

267,000 

50,000 
454,501 

97,628 
120,570 
432,303 

86,904 
235,500 

98,483 



888,677,005 



,324 77 

36 43 
60 74 
27 75 
44 01 
27 38 
33 56 

37 49 
13 45 
11 98 

153 31 

18 34 

220 77 
31 68 
26 86 

56 58 

10 00 

99 70 

21 42 
26 89 
89 45 

18 16 
50 21 

20 99 



$189,461 92 



Report of the Water Board. 



93 



Name. 



Class. 



Gallons. 



Amount Ir't forw'd. 



Church of the Immac- 
ulate Conception. . . 

Clarendon-st. Baptist 
Church 



Organ 



Second Church Soc'y 

St. James Church .... 

Brattle-st. Church . . . 

Mason & Hamlin .... 

Boston Society New 
Jerusalem 



Second Hawes Unit, 
Soc'y 



Old South Church 
Society 



Trinity Church Soc'y 

German Catholic Ch 

Church of the Good 
Shepherd 



Central Cong'l Soc'y. 
J. E. Pierce (4 mos.) . 

Bancroft & Dyer 

John L. Gardner . . . . 

JobF. Bailey 

Henry S. Hovey 

E. Williams 

Sidney Squires 

M. D. Spaulding 

William Claflin 

S. S. Dunn 

Joel Goldthwait & Co. 



Elevator 



888,677,005 

709,199 

69,634 
118,187 
201,000 
Not using 

9,750 

120,177 

99,248 

236,250 
440,250 
232,500 

54,750 

50,250 

7,500 

583,171 

69,900 
620,656 

35,550 
131,250 
175,914 

15,713 
118,725 

33,312 

26,041 



,461 92 
148 07 

14 45 
24 61 
42 22 

1 95 
26 23 
21 64 

51 11 

94 84 
49 35 

11 29 

10 05 

1 50 

123 45 

15 54 
129 62 

7 64 
28 09 
36 81 

3 14 
24 77 

6 87 

5 20 



Amotmt car'd forw'd. ' 



892,835,932 



$190,340 36 



94 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Class. 



Gallons. 



Amount br't forw'd. . 
Chickering & Sons. . 
Odd Fellows' Building 

Davis & Co 

L. Beebe & Sons .... 

A. W. Clapp 

Eufus Gibbs & Co. . . . 
James Tucker & Co. . 

Clark & Warren 

E. H. Sampson 



Elevator 



Stone, Bills, & Whit- 
ney 



J. C. Haynes 

Lewis, Brown, & Co.. 

Claflin & Thayer 

McConnell & Gardner 
W. E. Putnam & Co. 
Henry Bond & Co. . • . 

J. S. Stone 

Dennison Manuf g Co. 

A. Low & Co 

Clement & Colburn . . 
Ehodes & Co 



Smith, Richardson, & 
Bates 



Henry A. Gould 

John Cummings & Co. 

Mitchell, Green, & 
Stevens 



Amount car'd forw'd 



892,835,932 

1,318,875 

28,500 

606,000 

1,184,250 

Not using 

Not using. 

400,500 

294,000 

652,500 

126,750 

831,000 

1,337,250 

1,315,500 

318,750 

1,060,500 

828,000 

898,500 

1,422,000 

1,691,250 

741,750 

1,260,750 

1,459,500 

831,150 

1,969,500 

Not using. 



,340 36 
283 77 
7 12 
127 76 
249 67 



85 84 

56 17 

139 20 

2Q 89 
174 45 
284 92 
278 64 

67 16 
223 69 
176 17 
188 62 
298 53 
357 15 
158 14 
267 07 

306 19 
176 73 
409 20 



913,402,707 #194,683,44 



Report of the Water Board. 



95 



Name. 



Amount hr't forw'd . . 

Mrs. H. W. Harris . . 

Mrs. H. W. Harris . . 

Josiah Cummings • . • . 

Hotel Westminster . . 

Hotel Warwick 

Hotel Lyndeboro' . . . . 

Hotel Clifford 

Hotel Berwick 

Hotel Edinburgh • . . . 

Emerson & White . . . . 

J. Montgomery Sears 

Mrs. J. Longley 

J. B. mmball & Co. . . 

First National Bank . . 

Notman & Campbell . 

Martin, Skinner, & 
Fay 



A. A. Pope & Co 

A. Storrs & Co 

Abrara French & Co. . 

Talbot, Wilmarth, & 
Co 



Albert Metcalf 

Edward Spaulding . . . 
Withington & Hall... 
Josiah Cummings .... 
Fairbanks & Brown . . 



Amount car' d forw' d . 



Class. 



Elevator 



Gallons. 



913,402,707 

355,500 

Not using. 

Not using. 

685,500 

640,950 

2,026,350 

1,336,800 

2,440,950 

1,673,250 

875,325 

939,825 

33,225 

571,500 

3,684,563 

176,250 

744,000 
744,000 
554,625 
750,600 

570,750 
24,060 
254,250 
465,000 
272,700 
675,300 



933,897,980 



Revenue. 



$194,683 44 
75 30 



144 07 
138 39 
428 63 
282 99 
521 15 
357 04 
186 31 
202 73 
7 02 
118 72 
833 27 
37 76 

153 64 
156 00 
114 08 
158 16 

122 44 

5 40 

52 76 

97 72 

57 13 

142 17 



$199,076 32 



96 



CxTY Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Amount hrH forw'd .. 

Grosvenor & Richards 

"W. E. Underwood 

George D. Howe . . . . 

Lord, Whittemore, & 
Co 



Converse & Stanwood 

John F. Mills, estate. 

Daniels, Badger, & 
Co 



Wright, Worster, &, 
Delano 



Hotel La Eayette 

Hotel Baldwin 

Doll & Richards 

S. G. Allen 

Thomas Groom 

Monks & Co 

Enoch Page 

F. R. Sears 

Lawrence Building . . 

S. D. Warren 

Howe Bros 

Dyer, Taylor, & Co. . • 

Henry Bond 

David Parker & Co. . . 

J. Montgomery Sears, 
12 Arlington st 



A. W. Stetson. 



Amount car''dforw'd. 



Class. 



Elevator 



Gallons. 



933,897,980 

270,750 

440,311 

1,421,100 

Not using. 
610,150 
2,361,713 

600,750 

637,350 

3,487,860 

1,127,250 

625,500 

850,350 

440,925 

2,566,500 

4,770 

48,900 

2,568,700 

150,450 

264,075 

1,258,614 

1,311,000 

347,438 

200,288 
39,608 



955,432,332 



$199,076 32 

57 60 

91 37 

303 27 

106 35 

507 13 

127 42 

136 05 

733 06 

240 49 

132 88 

180 23 

93 98 

545 64 

95 

10 49 

596 16 

35 38 

55 76 

263 52 

274 95 

73 29 

41 12 

8 86 



$203,692 27 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



97 



Kame. 



Class. 



Gallons. 



Eevenue. 



Amount ir't forw'd . . 

H. A. Turner & Co. . . 

E. M. Hodges 

J. H. Wright 

H. &J. Pfaff(8mos.) 

Osgood & Greenough 

Hotel Comfort (7 
mos 



Elevator 



Dufly, Cashman, & 
Co. (8 mos.) 



Jones, Cook, & Co. 
(6 mos.) 



Moses Williams (6 
mos.) 



A. L. Dickerman (6 
mos.) 



Peter C. Brooks (5 
mos.) 



Continental Block (3 
mos.) 



Gardiner, Murphy, & 
Co. (4 mos.) 



Mrs. T. B. Williams 
(6 mos.) 



B. E. Mudge (3 
mos.) 



Howard Nat'l Bank . . 

Sidney Bartlett 

Wendell, Pay, & Co. 
Continentals. Build'g. 

C. D. Swain & Co 

J. A. & W. Bird 



955,432,332 

510,000 

64,725 

10,051 

569,722 

301,441 

267,608 

185,476 

138,750 

563,475 

213,173 

145,050 

143,175 

200,250 

102,848 

42,000 

1,963,125 

71,025 

636,750 

2,058,975 

181,575 

1,869,225 



$203,692 27 

102 59 

12 94 

2 32 

113 92 

60 27 

63 51 

37 09 

27 75 
112 70 

42 63 
29 01 

28 63 

40 05 

20 56 

8 40 
402 67 

15 80 
135 90 
437 33 

37 84 
391 93 



Amount car'd forw'd. 



965,670,750 #205,806 11 



98 



City Document No. 108. 



Name. 



Amount hrHforw'd . 

A. Wentworth 

Atlantic Nat'l Bank . . 

E. E. Apthorp 

E. Gordan Dexter 

Banfield, Forristall, & 
Co 



J. & J. Dobson 

Bobbins & Kellogg. . . 

Houghton & Coolidge. 

Horswell, Kinsley, & 
French 



J. T. Bailey 

Z. A. Willard 

F. M. Johnson 

Minot, Hooper, & Co. 

J. P. Paine 

Miss C. D. Brewer . . 

J. M. Beebe 

John Holman 

Paul & Co 

Oliver Ditson & Co. . . 

W. H. Slocum 

Charles H. Ward 

Doe & Hunnewell . • . . 

J. Cottle 

A. A. Lawrence 

David Parker & Co . . 



Amount car'dforw'd. 



Class. 



Elevator 



Gallons. 



965,670,750 

52,500 

855,227 

3,248,550 

3,204,300 

2,034,825 
371,700 

1,003,350 
749,025 

552,075 

69,294 

504,474 

2,235,000 

2,211,300 

719,250 

9,848 

32,521 

459,825 

359,325 

707,700 

819,675 

478,840 

779,400 

593,513 

5,322,450 

1,163,925 



994,208,642 



Keverme, 



$205,806 11 

10 50 

181 41 

685 77 

693 14 

423 26 

77 11 

210 62 

156 80 

115 63 

14 62 
107 40 
474 90 
465 42 
153 37 
1 96 
7 10 

95 05 

75 73 
150 41 
170 94 

99 12 

162 97 

123 71 

1,136 32 

241 28 



$211,840 65 



Keport of the Water Boaep. 



99 



Name. 


Class. 


oo 


.a 


a 


o 

_g 

CO 

1 
1 

3 


1 


o 
o 

p 


"3 
o 


Gallons. 


Revenue. 


Amount Wt forvi' d . 

Joseph Peabody 

S. N. Brown, Jr 

F. 0. White 

E.N. Yerxa 

L.W. &H. F. Morse. 

Jacob Wirth 

A. J. Knight (3 mos.) 
Cobb Bros. (4 mos.) . 

W.E. Eichards 

Atlan'cTeaCo. (Imo) 
Cedar Grore Cemet'y 
Forest Hills Cemet'y 
Paul Knowles and 


Ele 

Mo 

( 

( 
( 
( 
( 
< 

Ce 

Ma 


vator 

c 

tor .. 

* 

Qiet'ry 
(1 


•• 


1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

r 
1 


3 


994,208,642 

144,525 

48,626 

68,250 

94,500 

45,750 

350,260 

6,000 

129,000 

72,000 

35,250 

372,460 

2,837,175 

2,053,241 


$211,840 65 
33 04 
10 53 
14 59 
18 90 

9 86 
70 05 

1 20 
25 80 
14 40 

7 05 

37 23 

283 71 




Water- 
men as 
per con- 
tract. .. 


613 26 






•• 




•• 




•• 


•• 




1,000,466,559 


#212,880 27 



100 



City Document No. 108. 



Statement showing the number of houses, stores, steam- 
engines, etc., in the City of Boston, supplied with water to 
the 1st of January; 1880, with the amount of water-rates 
received for 1879 : — 



Lodging-houses 



32,476 Dwelling-houses 
29 Boarding-houses 
1,513 Model-houses 
15 
15 
5,862 
516 
825 
46 



Hotels 

Stores and shops 
Buildings . 
Offices 
Public halls 

4 Theatres . 
33 Private schools 
25 Asylums . 

5 Hospitals . 
64 Greenhouses 

137 Churches . 
9 Market-houses 

85 Cellars . 
198 Restaurants 
642 Saloons . 
235 Bar-rooms 

18 Club-houses 

31 Photographers 

41 Packing-houses 
1,819 Stables . 

50 Factories . 

6 Bleacheries 
131 Bakeries . 

11 Freight-houses 
3 Gasometers 

2 Cemeteries 

3 Bath-houses 

4 Ship-yards 
3 Dry-docks and engines 

154 Shops and engines . 
15 Factories and engines 
11 Printing and engines 

1 Foundry and engine . 

2 Ship-yards and engines 
2 Bakeries and engines 

27 Stationery engines . 

Amount carried forward 



$481,636 92 


1,398 


75 


37,284 


42 


461 


50 


916 


75 


64,717 


00 


21,979 


43 


7,388 


71 


lU 


36 


124 


00 


620 


25 


1,528 


00 


264 


00 


1,554 


17 


2,176 


33 


1,255 


50 


578 


33 


6,103 


88 


13,072 


74 


1,527 


58 


359 


25 


885 


50 


1,637 


84 


13,601 


10 


1,898 


67 


141 


87 


1,245 


25 


252 


00 


64 


00 


70 


75 


65 


00 


46 


25 


100 


00 


7,429 


08 


922 


75 


851 


40 


92 


50 


60 


42 


105 


00 


2,221 


18 


$677,352 43 



Eepoet or THE Water Board. 



101 



Amount brought forward 


1677,352 43 


55 Discharging and pile-driyiug engines . 


661 00 


9 Armories ..... 


152 00 


1,670 Hand-hose .... 


9,515 00 


10 Fountains .... 


115 00 


29 Tumbler-washers 


450 00 


109 Beer water-pressures 


545 00 


44 Laundries .... 


1,213 68 


10 Aquariums . . . . . 


120 00 


16 Railroad stations 


275 50 


67 Steam and Tug Boats 


9,685 76 


11 Motors 


75 00 


1 Laboratory .... 


50 00 


Custom House . . . . 


85 00 


2 Police Stations .... 


67 00 


45 Fire-engines, hose, and hook and lad 




der houses .... 


990 00 


7 Chemical engine-houses 


105 00 


3,898 Fire hydrants .... 


70,164 00 


129 Reservoirs .... 


2,322 00 


Repair shop .... 


35 50 


Steamer " Wm. M. Flanders " . 


200 00 


Steamer "J. P. Bradlee" . 


200 00 


Steamer " Samuel Little " . 


100 00 


Steamer " Protector " 


100 00 


Publfc Schools . 


4,227 00 


Street-watering 


1,470 06 


Street-sprinkling 


13 74 


Paving Department . 


423 75 


Internal Health Department 


1,570 00 


Common Sewer Department 


200 QO 


Lamp Department . 


42 25 


Committee on Common and Squares 


385 00 


Committee on Bridges 


82 00 


Filling cisterns, etc. . 


43 44 


District Court House 


16 00 


Branch Libraries 


71 50 


Directors of Public Institutions . 


263 00 


Ice Company (washing ice) 


15 00 


Building purposes 


2,047 60 


Metered water (9 months) 


159,708 59 




$945,157 80 



102 



City Document No. 108. 



The foil 


owinff table e] 


«:hibits the yearly increase of 


water- 


^ers since January 1, 


1850: — 










Takers. 


Increase. 


om January 1, 1850, 


to January 1, 


1851, 13,463 






1851, 




1852 


, 16,076 


2,613 




1852, 




1853 


16,862 


786 




1853, 




1854 


, 18,110 


1,308 




1854, 




1855 


19,193 


1,023 




1855, 




1856 


, 19,998 


805 




1856, 




1857 


, 20,806 


808 




* 1857, 




1858 


, 21,602 


796 




1858, 




1859 


, 22,414 


812 




1859, 




1860 


, 23,271 


857 




1860, 




1861 


24,316 


1,045 




1861, 




1862 


25,486 


1,170 




1862, 




1863 


. 26,289 


803 




1863, 




1864 


26,851 


562 




1864, 




1865 


27,046 


195 




1865, 




1866 


27,489 


443 




1866, 




1867 


27,754 


265 




1867, 




1868 


28,104 


350 




1868, 




1869 


29,738 


1,634 




1869, 




1870 


31,500 


1,762 




1870, 




1871 


36,132 


4,632 




1871, 




1872 


, 38,716 


2,584 




1872, 




1873 


40,688 


1,972 




1873, 




1874 


42,345 


1,657 




1874, 




1875 


44,676 


2,331 




1875, 




1876, 


46,885 


2,209 




1876, 




1877 


48,328 


1,443 




1877, 




1878 


49,970 


1,642 




1878, 




1879, 


51,523 


1,553 




1879, 




1880, 


52,268 


745 



The following table exhibits the yearly revenue from the 
sale of Cochituate water since its introduction into the city, 
October 25, 1848 : — 

Eeceived by Water Commissioners, as per 

Auditor's Report in 1848 . 
From January 1, 1849, to January 1, 1850 

1850, " 1851 

1851, " 1852 

1852, '' 1853 

1853, " 1854 

1854, <' 1855 

1855, «' 1856 

Amount carried forward 



$972 


81 


71,657 


79 


99,025 


45 


161,052 


85 


179,567 


39 


196,352 


82 


217,007 


51 


266,302 


77 


$1,191,938 89 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



103 



. $1,191,938 89 
282,651 84 
289,328 83 
302,409 73 
314,808 97 
334,544 86 
365,323 96 
373,922 33 
394,506 25 
430,710 76 
450,341 48 
486,538 25 
522,130 93 
553,744 88 
597,328 55 
708,783 68 
774,445 70 
862,704 08 
917,415 92 
977,020 48 
. 1,005,120 94 
. 1,029,643 70 
. 1,015,562 89 
. 1,010,584 30 
. 1,025,803 14 
802,925 23 

$17,020,240 57 

Drinking-Fountains . ^ 
There are 53 drinking-fountains established within the 
city limits : — 

City Proper. 

* Boston Common (6); 

North square. 

Washington street, near Elm. 

'* '* opposite Blackstone square. 

Atlantic avenue, junction Commercial street. 
" '* head of Rowe's wharf. 

near N.Y. & N.E. E.R. freight-house. 
Hay market square. 
Causeway street, at Boston and Lowell E..E,. depot. 

" " junction Merrimac street. 

Charles street, opposite the jail. 

'< " between Boylston and Beacon streets. 

" " near Boylston street. 



Amount hrought forivard 
From Jannary 1, 1856, to January 1, 1857 

1857, " 1858 

1858, " 1859 

1859, '' 1860 

1860, " 1861 

1861, " 1862 

1862, " 1863 

1863, " 1864 

1864, " 1865 

1865, " 1866 

1866, *< 1867 

1867, " 1868 

1868, «' 1869 

1869, " 1870 

1870, '« 1871 

1871, '' 1872 

1872, " 1873 

1873, '* 1874 

1874, " 1875 

1875, " 1876 

1876, " 1877 

1877, " 1878 

1878, '< 1879 

1879, " 1880 

1880, to May 1, 1880 



1 Those marked * are arranged for a continuous flow of water. The balance have 
automatic fixtures, operating the flow of water when required. 



104 City Document No. 108. 

Beacon street, near Charles street. 
Tremont street, near Clarendon street. 
Albany street, opposite Water Works, pipe-yard. 
Mt. Washington avenue, near the drawbridge. 

East Boston. 
Maverick square. 
Central square. 
Bennington street, junction Chelsea street. 

South Boston. 

Foundry street, opposite First street. 

Fourth street, near Foundry street. 
" " junction Emerson street. 

" '* corner of Q street. 

Telegraph Hill. 

Sixth street, near P street. 

Washington Village, junction Dorchester avenue and Dor- 
chester street. 

Boxbury. 

Albany street, junction Dearborn street. 

Beacon street, junction Brookline avenue. 

* Eliot square. 

Eustis street, near Washington street. 

Heath street, near Tremont street. 

Pynchon street, near Roxbury street. 

Tremont street, junction Cabot street. 

West Roxbury. 
Centre street, junction Day and Perkins street. 
Centre and La Grange streets, West Roxbury Village. 
Morton street, junction South street. 
Roslindale, Taft's Hotel. 
Washington street, near Williams street. 

Dorchester. 
Commercial street, opposite Beach street. 
Neponset avenue, corner Walnut street. 
Upham's Corner. 
Glover's Corner. 
Grove Hall. 

Brighton. 
Barry's Corner. 

Market street, Cattle-Fair Hotel. 
Union square. 
Western avenue, Charles-river Hotel. 

There are eighteen stand-pipes now located for street- 
sprinkling purposes as follows : — 

Tremont street and Hammond park. 
Clay street, corner Tremont street. 



Eeport or THE Water Board. 



105 



Eliot square. 

Brookliiie avenue, corner Long wood avenue. 

St. James street, corner Warren street. 

Blue Hill avenue, between Waverly and Cliiford streets. 

Warren street, corner Gaston street. 

Egleston square, corner Walnut avenue. 

Dale street, opposite Harvard avenue. 

Upham's Corner. 

Field's Corner. 

Dorchester avenue, near Savin Hill avenue. 

Dorchester avenue, at Old Boston line. 

Beach street, Harrison square. 

Union square, Brighton. 

Washington street, corner Winship street, Brighton. 

Chestnut Hill avenue, corner of South street. 

Dudley street, opposite Harvard avenue. 

Statement showing the Number and Kind of water Fixtures contained within 
the Premises of Water-takers in the City of Boston, January 1, 1880, as 
compared with previous years. 



1877. 


1878. 


1879. 




8,388 


8,716 


8,900 


Taps. These haye no connection with any drain or sewer. 


80,340 


81,842 


84,138 


Sinks. 


41,359 


43,044 


46,034 


Wash-hand basias. 


14,300 


15,121 


15,751 


Bathing-tubs. 


22,704 


24,956 


26,142 


Pan water-closets. 


1,038 


777 


725 


Hopper water-closets. 


20,680 


22,006 


22,855 


" " automatic. 


539 


619 


622 


" " waste. 


1,438 


1,478 


1,386 


Urinals. 


2,307 


2,226 


2,450 


" automatic. 


16,608 


17,517 


18,406 


Wash-tubs. These are permanently attached to the building. 


598 


634 


590 


Shower-baths. 


263 


237 


211 


Private hydrants. 


850 


853 


1,004 


Slop-hoppers. 


106 


125 


138 


Foot-baths. 


211,516 


220,051 


229,353 





Respectfully submitted, 

Wm. F. DAVIS, 

Water Registrar. 



EEPOET or THE MYSTIC WATER EEGISTBAR 
FOR THE TEAR 1879-80. 



Office of the Mystic Water Registrar, 

Boston, Charlestown District, May 1, 1880. 

Leonard R. Cutter, Esq., 

Chairman Boston Water Board : — 

Sir, — I herewith present the Annual Report of the Mystic 
Water Registrar, for the year ending April 30, 1880, in con- 
formity with the city ordinance. 

The total number of water-takers now entered for the year 
1880 is 20,566, distributed as follows : Charlestown Dis- 
trict, 6.092; East Boston, 4,500; Chelsea, 4,654; Somer- 
ville, 4,552 ; Everett, 768. 

The total amount of water-rates received from May 1, 
1879, to May 1, 1880, is as follows : — 



Charlestown District 
East Boston 
Chelsea 
Somerville 
Everett . 



The amount paid the cities of 
Chelsea, Somerville, and town 
of Everett, as per contract 
is . . . . 

The amount paid Cochituate 
Water Department for water 
furnished East Boston, from 
July 23 to Dec. 24, 1879, is 

The amount received for water 
used in previous J^ears is 

Leaving the net receipts for 



,894 05 

44,013 24 

51,068 42 

55,891 73 

7,685 18 

$258,552 62 



water furnished during the 
year . . . . 



$24,409 83 



19,172 70 
8,920 06 



206,050 03 



$258,552 62 



Amount brought forward 



. $258,552 62 



Keport of the Water Board. 



107 



Amount brought forward 

In addition to the above 
amount, there has been re- 
ceived, for labor and ma- 
terial, furnished for work 
outside this department, but 
connected with the water- 
works, the sum of 

Fines, non-payments 

Fees, summons 

Maintaining meters 

Off and on water for repairs 

Sale of old material 



$258,552 62 



$249 52 
382 00 
319 00 
204 50 
122 00 
65 00 



1,342 02 
$259,894 64 



Total amount received during the year 

The expenses of the office during the year ending April 
30, 1880, including all charges for collections in Chelsea, 
Somerville, and Everett, were $6,304.79. 

Table showing the number oj -places turned off for non-payment of rates 
during the year 1879, the number turned on again, and the number still 
remaining off. 



Charlestown District 

Chelsea 

Sotneryille 

Everett 

Total 



Number turned 
off. 



104 
201 



24 



422 



Number turned 
on. 



81 
135 

84 



306 



Number remain- 
ing off. 



23 



The places turned of for non-payment of rates in East 
Boston are included in the report of the Water Registrar of 
the Cochituate Water Department. 

Stand-pipes for Street Watering. 

The whole number in use in this department is 29, dis- 
tributed as follows : — 



Charlestown District. 

Cambridge street, near Stickney & Poor's factory. 
" '* Railroad. 



Summer street, 
Somerville avenue, 



108 City Document No. 108. 

Kutherford avenue, near City stables. 
*' " Allen street. 

South Eden street, " Main street. 
Prescott " " Harvard School building. 

Monument square, " Laurel street. 

Chelsea. 
Cary square, corner Forsyth street. 

Somerville. 

Washington street, corner Boston street. 
" " Myrtle street, 

near Union square. 

Elm street. 

Laurel street. 

Poplar street. 

Cambridge line. 

Merriam street. 
Broadway, *« Franklin street. 

" opposite Public park. 

School street, near Somerville avenue. 
Spring street, " " 

Beacon street, " Cooney street. 
Pinckney street, " Pearl street. 
Pearl street, *' Cross street. 
Thurston street, ** Broadway. 
Highland avenue, corner Medford street. 

Everett. 

Broadway, near Engine house. 

" '* Pleasant street. 

** «* Chandler's. 

Main street, " Chelsea street. 

DumKING-FoUNTAINS . 

The whole number in use in this department is 21, dis- 
tributed as follows : — 

Oharlestown District. 

City square, corner Park street. 
Chelsea street, " Wapping street. 
Bunker Hill street, corner Tufts street. 
Canal street, *' South Eden street. 

Main street, " Hancock square. 

'* near Tufts wharf. 

Austin street, opposite Front street. 



Keport of the Water Board. 



109 



Chelsea. 

Broadway square, 

" near bridge. 
Winnisimmet street, near Ferry. 
Pearl street, corner Marginal street. 
Eastern avenue, corner Crescent avenue. 

Somerville. 

Union square (2). 

Broadway, corner Walnut street. 

Highland avenue, corner Walnut street. 

Medford street, " Central street. 

Davis square (2). 

Broadway, opposite Public park. 

Everett. 
Main street, junction Broadway. 

East Boston. 
(See CocMtuate Water Eegistrar's Keport.) 

One of the fountains in Union square, one at the corner of 
Highland avenue and Walnut street, one at Davis square, 
Somerville, and one on Broadway, near the bridge, Chelsea, 
have automatic fixtures regulating the water supply. The 
others are so arranged that the water flows continuously. 



Table showing the Number and Size of Meters, also the Number of Motors in 
the Mystic Water Department. 











Size 


OF Meters, 










finch. 


I inch. 


1 inch.' 


1^ inch. 


2 Inch. 


3 inch. 


4 inch. 


Motors. 


Total. 


Charlestown 
District . . 


35 

21 
17 
9 


1 

1 

2 
1 


22 
23 
9 
9 
4 


3 

2 


21 
8 
6 
1 
2 


3 
3 
1 


4 


2 


91 

55 


Chelsea . . 
Somerville . 


2 


2 
2 


36 

27 
7 














Total. . . 


82 


5 


67 


6 


38 


7 


6 


6 


216 



110 



City Document No. 108. 



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Report of the Water Board. 



119 



Statemeut showing the amount of water-rates received 
since the introduction of Mystic-pond water, November 29, 
1864 : — 



Charlestown District, 



East Boston, net. 



Chelsea, 



net. 



Somerville, net. 



Amounts carried forward. 



1865 . 


. . $27,043 10 


1866 . 


. 47,247 16 


1867 . 


. . 60,188 83 


1868 . 


. 68,815 82 ■ 


1869 . 


. 74,369 81 


1870 . 


. 82,230 79 


1871 . 


. 87,259 70 


1872 . 


. 97,727 36 


1873 . 


. 99,455 66 


1874 . 


. 111,420 30 


1875 . 


. 118,568 00 


1876 . 


. 116,271 17 


1877 . 


. 109,963 25 


1878 . 


. 104,174 76 


1879 . 


. 98,313 88 


May 1, 1880 . 


. 74,641 49 




<lfi1 ^77 fiOn 'i'? 






1870 . 


. $39,870 22 


1871 . . 


. 45,022 98 


1872 . . 


. 49,574 38 


1873 . . 


. 53,488 41 


1874 . . 


. 53,654 08 


1875, 10 m 


OS. 49,153 73 


1876 . . 


. 50,228 04 


1877 . . 


. 46,982 40 


1878 . . 


. 48,553 33 


1879, 7 m( 


}S. 24,026 84 


May 1, 1880 . . 


. 40,084 03 




in^nn R^° a 






1868, 6 m 


OS. $3,087 88 


1868-69 . 


. 16,615 92 


1869-70 . 


. 22,179 41 


1870-71 . 


. 25,871 17 


1871-72 . 


. 31,535 62 


1872-73 . 


. 34,067 65 


1873-74 . 


. 36,118 61 


1874-75 . 


. 39,886 61 


1875-76 . 


. 40,060 54 


1876-77 . 


. 39,425 33 


1877-78 . 


. 39,147 60 


1878-79 . 


. 39,720 66 


May 1, 1880 


. 39,524 95 




tptyji ,zti. vo 


1869, 6 mc 


)s. $5,586 73 


1870 . . 


. 11,211 40 


1871 . . 


. 17,023 74 


1872 . . 


. 21,220 11 


1873 . . 


. 25,698 11 


rward, 


$80,740 09 $2,285,570 97 



120 



City Document No. 108. 



Amounts brought forward. 



Somerville, net, 



Everett, 



1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
May 1, 1880 



180,740 09 
30,494 48 
38,038 70 
39,320 47 
39,411 22 
41,648 79 
42,097 48 
38,347 21 



$2,285,670 97 



aet, 


1872-73 . 


$3,062 83 




1873-74 . 


3,710 96 




1874-75 . 


3,975 95 




1875-76 . 


4,982 52 




1876-77 . 


5,566 12 




1877-78 . 


6,291 70 




1878-79 . 


6,314 70 


" May 1 


, 1880 


6,186 83 



The aggregate amount to May 1, 1880 



350,098 44 



40,091 61 
#2,675,761 02 



Respectfully, 

JOSEPH H. CALDWELL, 

Mystic Water Registrar. 



EEPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE 
WESTERN DIVISION. 



Chestnut Hill Eeservoir, 

May 1, 1880. 

Leonard R. Cutter, Esq., Chairman Boston Water 
Board : — 

Sir, — In compliance with the rule of the Board, I submit 
herewith the annual report of this department for the past 
official year. 

Lake Cochituate. 

On the 1st of May, 1879, the surface of the lake stood at 
elevation 133.78, — 12 ft. 9 in. above the bottom of the 
aqueduct, and within a few inches of high-water mark. On 
the 2d of May the stop-planks were partly taken out at the 
dam, and a small amount of water wasted ; but, with this ex- 
ception, there has been no waste of water during the year. 
The lake maintained its height until the middle of June, 
when it gradually, but steadily, declined until Dec. 29, at 
which time the surface reached grade 126.41, the lowest 
point touched during the year. On the 15th of January the 
lake stood at 127.14, and, owing to the shutting down of the 
head-gates of the Cochituate aqueduct for a month, and an 
abundance of rain, the surface rose at the rate of about a foot 
a week. On the 16th of February the gates were again 
opened and water drawn from the lake to the city, notwith- 
standing which the water has risen as high as it is thought 
best to keep it with our present facilities for overflow. 

No great amount of water has been drawn from the Sud- 
bury source into the lake, — only 718,700,000 gallons in 
all, — and this has been received in course of some experi- 
ments on the flow of water through the Sudbury aqueduct. 

A large amount of new work has been accomplished at the 
lake during the past year. Two new dams have been built 
to flow portions of the lake which are exposed at low water : 
one at the mouth of the Pegan or Hanchett meadows, and 
the other at the crossing of the Central Turnpike in Natick, 
to control the meadows south of that road. Both of these 
improvements were very much needed, and will probably 
accomplish more to maintain the purity of the water than 



122 City Document No. 108. 

any other similar expenditure could have done. Both of 
these dams were thoroughly built by day's labor. The 
sluices were formed of piling with stop planks to control the 
water, and the exposed faces were either paved or rip-rapped. 

A large amount of work has been done at the mouth of 
Pegan brook. By order of the Board in December last, 
I rebuilt the large filtering dam and replaced the sluices in 
both dams. The latter were so rotten as to be untrust- 
worthy. These sluices were both rebuilt of chestnut. 

Advantage was taken of the low stage of water to clean 
out the settling basins. About four thousand loads of de- 
posit were removed from the two basins ; the sides were 
entirely regraded, the growth of trees removed, and the 
borders covered with clean gravel, which gives a diflferent 
look to this portion of the lake. 

Notwithstanding the Board has done all in its power to 
neutralize the effect of the bad water from Pegan brook, this 
great evil still remains. 

On October 28th I was directed by the Board to report 
to them the names of all parties polluting the lake within 
the limits of the town of Natick, with a description of the 
premises. On November 28th the report was made, and 
the Board proceeded at once to take action against the pollu- 
tors under the statute of 1878. The parties, nearly 100 in 
number, were duly notified ; and on Feb, 7th proceedings 
were begun against some of them before the State Board of 
Health. The hearings took place on March 5th and March 
20th. The cases are now pending. 

The only other serious trouble threatening the lake water 
at present comes from the Eeformatory Prison in Sherborn, 
and the State has already done much to alleviate this 
nuisance. A series of pipes supplied from large " field- 
tanks " has been built to filter the sewage through the natural 
earth. The eflluent water is quite clear, and a great im- 
provement over the very bad condition of things at the time 
of the last report. 

A new slope wall was built during the winter on the 
middle division of the lake ; the Pond-street culvert was 
rebuilt by contract during the latter part of the summer. 

As we have always had more or less trouble at the dams at 
the outlet of the lake, during freshets, I have made a series 
of investigations into the actual state of the dams, their 
capacities under various circumstances ; and some borings 
have been made to determine the best site for a new dam, 
should one be decided on. 

The result, together with plans of the existing structures, 
have been sent to the City Engineer. 



Report or the Water Board. 123 

Until a new dam can be built I would suggest the follow- 
ing changes in the existing structures : — 

First, the removal of the weir and brick-work at the lower 
dam, and a better arrangement of stop-planks. Second, the 
building of a foot-bridge at the upper dam, and a modifica- 
tion of stop-planks to be controlled from the bridge. With 
these alterations and precautions in the management of the 
lake at times of high water much greater safety will be 
insured than at present, and the cost will be trifling. 

The other structures at the lake are in their usual condi- 
tion. 

There is a question now pending between the city and the 
town of Natick as to who shall maintain Willow bridge. 

Dug and Dudley Ponds. 

We have drawn no water from Dudley pond during the 
year, and very little has been received by overflow from 
Dug pond. 

The Cochituate Aqueduct. 

Six feet of water were run in this aqueduct from May 1st 
till Sept. 10th ; and eight feet from Sept. 10th to Oct. 7th ; 
the latter making a head of 20 inches over the top of the 
conduit. From Oct. 7th the head gates were wide open, 
and the water followed the surface of the lake with a certain 
loss of head until Jan. 15th, when, with the authority of the 
City Engineer, I proceeded to make some repairs on the 
upper portions of the aqueduct, and for that purpose the 
water was ' shut ofl^. A well was sunk a short distance from 
the lake, with the intention of lowering the ground water 
below the bottom of the aqueduct ; after this was accom- 
plished, the plan was to take out the invert, and after con- 
creting the foundation to replace the invert. Owing to the 
rapid rise of the lake, and the inability to keep the water 
down at reasonable expense by pumping, the attempt was 
abandoned on Feb. 17th, and the gates reopened. The well 
remains for another trial whenever the lake is low. 

The head gates, which control the water from the lake, 
were found so leaky that they were taken out, repaired, and 
made tight. 

Since Feb. 17th we have run but five feet of water in the 
aqueduct or elevation 126.00. 

The line of the aqueduct has been cleared of growing 
timber during the year, whenever the men were not engaged 
in more pressing work. Extensive repairs will soon have to 



124 City Document No. 108. 

be made on the culverts and other structures on the line of this 
conduit. The catch-basins were cleaned out during the past 
year. 

ScDBDRY-ElVER AqUEDUCT. 

This structure is in excellent condition. It has sent to 
Chestnut-Hill reservoir during the year about 4,000,000,000 
gallons. 

The banks have been well looked after, as it is important 
to get a good sodding started on them. The Boaid have 
authorized me to fence portions of the line liable to be 
injured by cattle, and steps have already been taken in that 
direction. The gate-houses are in good condition. A care- 
ful examination of the interior of the conduit soon after it 
was put in my charge showed that many fine cracks existed 
in difierent jjortions of its length. They will probably never 
increase or become of any particular importance unless the 
structure should be strained beyond the design at some 
future time ; but, for the purpose of ascertaining whether 
there were any changes taking place, however minute, at any 
point, I have put the interior in perfect order. For this pur- 
pose the bottom cracks have been dug out and pointed thor- 
oughly, and the top cracks when they were of the thickness 
of a sheet of paper have been simply painted over with 
from two to three coats of American cement put on with a 
brush. This is done very rapidly, and has shown that, with 
one or two exceptions, there has been no further change since 
the repairs were made. 

The small springs have been stopped by calking with sheet 
lead. The cracks in the bottom were repaired with Portland 
cement, mixed ^ sand, | cement. The whole of the interior 
is now in perfect order from the terminal chamber to Course 
brook. 

The upper portion of the aqueduct from Farm pond to 
Dewing's cut has been scraped and thoroughly cleaned. The 
inside was coated, for a large portion of this distance, with a 
deposit of lime, which was almost as hard as enamel, and 
in places nearly an inch in thickness. After this substance 
was chiselled and scraped ofi*, the brick-work was washed 
and swept as clean as possible. The washing was completed 
as far as Bacon's waste weir. 

Culverts Nos. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 have been pointed, 
and all the iron-work in the gate-houses painted during the 
year. 

On July 8th, I was directed to open a street over the con- 
duit from Mr. Chas. P. Clark's land, in Newton Centre, over 



Report of the Watee Board. 125 

land of Rev. S. F. Smith, which was accomplished, during 
the following month, to the satisfaction of all parties con- 
cerned. 

Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

In April last a disease appeared among the fish in the res- 
ervoir. It was principally confined to the horn-pouts, of 
which there are large numbers. It was noticed at first that 
individual fishes appeared to be laboring under some trouble. 
They would float about near the surface in a weak condition. 
There were large white blotches on their sides and backs, and 
sometimes the fish would be worn almost to a skeleton before 
succumbing to the disease. Numbers were taken out from 
the slope walls on the sides of the basins, into which they 
had run their heads. 

Soon afterwards large schools of horn-pouts could be seen 
swimming slowly around the reservoir near the surface, and 
all apparently affected. 

Professor W. R. Nichols, of the Mass; Institute of Tech- 
nology, was engaged to investigate the trouble, and it was 
found that the disease from which they were suffering was a 
vegetable parasite which attaches itself to the skin of slow- 
moving fishes, and grows feeding on the body. Large 
quantities of the fishes must have recovered, as in the course 
of a few weeks the disease disappeared. 

The structures connected with the Chestnut-Hill reservoir 
are all in good order. I know of no repairs of importance 
that will be required at this point during the coming year. 

The grounds are showing finely the results of past labor. 
The plan has been kept up of planting small and inexpensive 
trees for future effect. 

The 48-inch main around the reservoir has been used for 
the first time to supply the city directly during some exper- 
iments made in November and December to determine the 
exact consumption. 

The Cochituate water was shut off from this reservoir for 
almost three weeks in the fall and early part of the winter, 
and was run through the Brookline reservoir independently 
of the Sudbury. This was done to guard against some 
threatened troubles of a vegetable nature, which however 
disappeared, and the Sudbury and Cochituate are now mixed 
in nearly equal quantities in the distribution. 

For several years past I have been making experiments 
on rain gauges placed in various positions at Chestnut-Hill 
reservoir. While enough has not been done to add much to 
the literature of the subject, yet sufficient data have been 



126 



City Document No. 108. 



collected to show that it is of the greatest importance to 
have some uniformity throughout the country in observation 
on the rainfall. It is proved beyond doubt that at the level 
of the ground much more rain can be collected than at a 
short distance above the surface. At Chestnut Hill I have 
collected 17 per cent, less rain at a height of 25 feet than 
at a height of 2^ feet, this being the average for one year's 
observations. In England, the height of one foot has been 
very generally adopted as the proper position for a gauge. 
There are practical difficulties with this height in our climate, 
and it has seemed to me that two feet and one-half is a good 
height for us. If all gauges were so placed, relative com- 
parisons would be of real value. Good results have been 
secured with a gauge of 14.85 in diameter. A hundred 
ounces in a gauge of this size makes an inch of rain, and 
great accuracy is secured by weighing. One difficulty is to 
secure a river of good section whose shape will not be easily 
changed. It would be desirable to have them all furnished 
from some central source. As a great many observations are 
now made on rainfalls by water works throughout the 
country, it is to be hoped that some uniformity will be 
arrived at. 

The following table shows the rain-fall at Chestnut-Hill 
reservoir for the year 1879 : — 

Tahle of Rainfall at Chestnut- Hill Reservoir,^ for the year ending Dec, 1879. 



ft 


a) 

a 


m o 


Duration. 


"S 


a 

l-H 


c 

O !- 
C u 
02 O 


Duration. 


Jan. 2 


.39 


Snow 


7 a.m. to 7 p.m. 


Feb. 9 


.01 


Snow 


9 a.m. to 1.15 p.m. 


" 9 
«' 11 


.SO 
.02 


« 


4 a.m. to 7.S0 p.m. 
8 to 9.30 p.m. 


" 11 
<• 12 


>1.30 


Rain 


6 p.m. 

to 
10.45 a.m. 


" 16 


.68 


" 


4.30 a.m. to 6.30 p.m. 


« 17 


] 




3 p.m. 


" 20 
" 21 


.08 
.01 


.. 


1 to 4 a.m. 

8.45 to 11.45 p.m. 


" 18 
" 19 


-.66 


Snow 


to 


" 27 
<• 28 


\ .02 


Mist 


3 p.m. 

to 
8.45 a.m. 


" 20 
" 22 
'< 25 


.01 
.37 


<• 


7 p.m. 
5 to 7 p.m. 










2.20 to 10 p.m. 


Total . 


2.10 






<< 26 

" 27 


\ .49 


Rain 
Snow 


8.40 p.m. 
to 










2. a.m. 6 to 7.20 a.m. 


Feb. 6 


\ .18 


Snow 


3 p.m. 

to 
1 a.m. 










" 6 


Total . 


3.02 







1 Three gauges have been kept during the year, but the quantities in this table are from a 
gauge 14.85 inches in diameter, 2 feet 8 inches above the surface of the ground, and well 
placed in a very large open yard, unsurrounded by buildings or other obstructions. The 
duration of rainfall has been marlied by observers and checlsed from a Belf-recording gauge 
which records to within live minutes. — D. FitzQ-erald. 



Correction. — On page 126, 17th line from top, read " rim" instead of " river." 



Keport or THE Water Board. 



127 



Table of Rainfall at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. — Continued. 



1 

(=1 




a 

O !-i 

e I, 

m o 


Duration. 


Mar. 6 


.22 


Snow 


12.30 to 8 p.m. 


" 9 


.08 


Rain 


5.15 to 8.30 a.m. 


" 11 


.01 


" 


7.15 to 9.30 a.m. 


•« 14 


.14 


" 


3.15 to 9.30 p.m. 


« 17 


•\ .45 


Snow 


4 to 11.45 a.m. 


" 18 


\ . 


Show- 


11.45 a.m. 






ers & 


to 






Snow 


12.15 a.m. 


" 21 


.14 


Snow 


4 to 10.15 a.m. 


Rain 


10.15 a.m. to 3.15 p.m. 


" 22 


> 1.075 


Snow 


5.25 to 6 p.m. 


" 23 


J 


Rain 


6 p.m. to 9.45 a.m. 


" 27 


) 


Snow 


7 a.m. 




>1.12 


and 


to 


" 28 


S 


Rain 


3.30 p.m. 


" 30 


.266 


Rain 


5 to 8.45 a.m. 


«' 31 


.065 


Snow 


( 12.30 p.m. to 2 a.m. 
1 April 1. 




3.565 













April 3 


.205 


Rain 
and 
Snow 


4 p.m. 

to 
9.45 p.m. 


" 10 


1.58 


Rain 
and 
Snow 


2.30 p.m. to 
5.30 a.m. 


" 11 


.02 


Snow 


Snow in p.m. 


" 15 
" 16 


\ .27 


Rain 


3.30 p.m. 

to 
3 a.m. 


" 17 


)-1.915 


Rain 


6 a.m. 


" 18 


and 


to 


"*19 


J 


Snow 


7 p.m. 


" 25 


.036 


Rain 


5 to 6.30 a.m. 


" 29 


( .54 
\ 1.09 


" 


12.15 to 9 a.m. 
4.15 p.m. to 10 a.m. 


" 30 


.36 


" 


9.55 to 11.15 p.m. 


Total . 


6.015 













May 16 


( .03 
j .10 


Rain 


" 19 


I .68 
j .04 


"' 


Total . 


.85 





1 to 7.15 a.m. 
9.30 to 5.15 p.m. 

7.30 a.m. to 2.30 p.m. 
8 to 8.30 p.m. 



June 2 

" 3 

" 4 

" 5 

" 6 

" 10 

" 11 

" 13 

" 15 

" 16 

" 26 

" 28 

" 29 

" 30 



Total . 



1.38 



Show- 
ers. 



Rain 



Duration. 



5.10 p.m. 

to 
3 p.m. 
4.40 to 5.05 p.m. 

5.10 to 5.45 p.m. 

2.50 to 3.15 a.m. 
7.45 p.m. to 

6 a.m. 

1 to 3 a.m. 

6 a.m. 
to 

2 p.m. 

11.40 a.m. to 12 m. 

3.55 to 4.05 p.m. 
6.45 p.m. to 1.30 a.m. 

2.30 to 6p.m. 
1.35 to 1.55 p.m. 



July S 


.01 


Rain 


5.20 to 5.25 p.m. 


" 4 


.12 


" 


4.15 to 5 p.m. 


" 7 
'< 8 


i- 


" 


12.30 p.m. 

to 
11 a.m. 


» 12 


.04 


•• 


12.45 to 2 a.m. 


" 16 


.73 


" 


4.05 to 5.15 p.m. 


" 18 


.04 


" 


3.45 to 4.30 p.m. 


" 22 


( .23 
1.12 


w 


1.45 to 2.05 a.m. 
11.10 to 11.35 p.m. 


" 26 

" 27 


\ 1.02 


" 


1.45 p.m. 

to 
6 a.m. 


Total . 


3.03 







Aug. 8 

" 16 = 

" 17 

" 18 

" 19 

" 24 

" 25 

" 26 

" 29 



Total . 



7.15 



4 to 9 a.m. 
7.35 a.m. 



6.30 a.m. 

3.45 to 4.05 p.m. 

1.15 p.m. 

to 
8.15 a.m. 

10.05 to ll.(T5 p.m. 



1 Either misty or sprinkling during the whole of these three days. My self-recording gauge 
25 feet above ground showed 3.5 inches from 2.50 p.m., Aug. 18, to 3 a.m., Aug. 19, which 
probably represents something less than 90 per cent, of the rainfall at the surface of the ground. 



128 



CiTr Document No. 108. 



Table of Rainfall at Chestnut- Hill Reservoir. — Concluded. 







a) 

M 


5s 


Duration. 


p 


i 

o 

a 


o u 

m c 


Duration. 


Sept. 4 
" 8 
« 14 


.68 
.48 
.27 
.07 


Rain 


1.30 to 6.45 a.m. 
3.20 to 11.30 a.m. 
3 a.m. to 6.15 p.m. 
7.45 a.m to 7.45 p.m. 


Nov. 23 
<• 29 


.08 
.01 


Rain 
and 
Snow 

Rain 


4.45 a.m. 

to 
7.30 a.m. 

1.30 a.m to 3 p.m. 


" 16 


Total . 


2.71 


. • • 




" 24 


.38 


" 


2.25 to 6.30 p.m. 












Dec. 4 
" 6 

" 7 


.15 

1- 


Rain 




Total . 


1.88 






1.30 to 7.30 a.m. 

1p.m. 

to 
7.30 a.m. 


Oct. 11 


.09 


Rain 


3.45 to 11 a.m. 


" 19 


.26 


<. 


3.15 to 8.45 a.m. 


" 8 


.11 


" 


11.30 a.m. to 3.45 p.m. 


<• 22 


.02 


.. 


4 to 6.15 a.m. 


" 10 


I .13 


„ 


8.30 p.m. 
to 


" 28 


.40 


« 


10.50 a.m. to 8 p.m. 


" 11 






8.30 a.m. 










.< 14 
•• 15 


|l.l9 


Rain 
and 

Snow 

Snow 


7.30 a.m. 


Total . 


.77 






to ■ 
2 a.m. 

7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 














Nov. 3 


.39 


Snow 


6.10 a.m. to 10 p.m. 


" 20 


.01 


" 


7.30 to 10.30 a.m. 


« 7 


J 18 


„ 


10.30 a.m. 
to 


" 22 


.62 


'< 


1.45 a.m. to 9 p.m. 


" 8 


s 




5.30 a.m. 


" 24 


.57 


Rain 


5.15 a.m. to 2 p.m. 


" 12 
•' 13 


i .46 


Rain 


5 p.m. 

to 
3.46 a.m. 


" 25 

" 29 


.01 
.10 


Snow 
Rain 


9.30 to 11.20 p.m." 
6 to 9.30 a.m. 


" 18 


.83 
.31 


Rain 
and 
Snow 

Snow 


6.45 a.m. 

to 
6.10 p.m. 

5 a.m. to 5.45 p.m. 


" 31 


.53 


Snow 


7.30 a.m. to 10 p.m. 


" 20 


Total . 


3.93 






Total fo 


f year 























Brookline Reservoir. 



This reservoir is in the same condition as at the date of 
the last report. A great deal of work will have to be done 
to it after the new 48-inch main is laid. The basin should 
be cleaned out and the gate-houses thoroughly overhauled. 
The grounds are in good order. 

The customary list of tools and other property is ap- 
pended. 

Respectfully submitted, 

DESMOND FITZGERALD, 

Superintendent. 



Report of the Water Board. 129 



LIST OF CITY PROPERTY ON THE WESTERN 

DIVISION. 

1880. 
Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

Effluent Gate-House. 

1 hand-pump, 1 12-ft. ladder, 1 10-ft. ladder, 2 wrenches, 
100 ft. of hose, 120 ft. gas-pipe, 2 shovels, 1 rattan broom, 
1 set evaporation apparatus, 4 stop-plank hooks, 1 blow-off 
wrench, 2 gate wrenches, 32 ft. galv. chain, lock, etc., 1 
fountain nozzle, 33 stop-planks, 1 step-ladder, 5 pictures, 1 
gauge, 1 thermometer, 1 broom, 2 brushes and dust-pan, 6 
lanterns, hydraulic apparatus, 1 stove, stove-pipe, poker and 
hod, 1 settee, 1 mat, 1 nozzle, 3 oil-cans and tunnel, 1 ham- 
mer, 1 scrubbing-brush, I sponge, 1 window-brush, 2 wire 
scoops. 

Terminal Chamber. 

1 self-registering gauge, 1 broom, 1 settee, 1 dust-pan and 
brush, 1 stove, stove-pipe, poker and hod*, 1 coal-box, 1 20- 
ft. ladder, 1 boat, 1 step-ladder, 4 lanterns, 1 duster, 3 oil- 
cans, 1 pair rubber boots, 1 iron rake, 1 reflector-lamp for 
boat, 1 mat, 2 stop-plank hooks, 25 stop-planks, 1 wire 
scoop. 

Intermediate Gate-House. 

18 stop-planks, 1 wrench. 

Influent Gate- House. 

26 long stop-planks for conduit, 14 stop-planks, 4 hooks, 
1 extra brass screw. 

Office. 

1 safe, 3 desks, 6 chairs, 3 stools, 5 pictures, 1 telegraph 
instrument, 2 sets scales, 1 stove, 3 reflecting lanterns, 6 
lanterns, 11 brooms, 1 hook-gauge, 2 inkstands, 4 thermom- 
eters, 2 copper pans, 3 tumblers, 2 kettles, 9 pairs rubber 
boots, 7 rubber coats and caps, 8 gauging-floats, 1 drawing- 
table, 1 sink, pump, wash-basin, and 8 towels, 1 automatic 
rain-gauge, 1 book-case. 

Tool-House. 

\ box glass, 1 copper elbow, \ bbl. lard oil and cans, | 
bbl. kerosene oil and cans, 1 gall, sperm oil, 1 can glycerine, 



130 City Document No. 108. 

12 bird-houses, 1 conduit reflector, 3 screen-doors, 75 lbs. 
waste, 24 padlocks, 18 boxes candles, 2 bars soap, l- gross 
matches, 11 paiut-bmshes, 1 chimney brush, 5 whitewash 
brushes, 2 bunches tacks, 3 rolls wicking, 2 sheets rubber 
gaskets, 3 ice-chisels and hooks, 1 ice-saw, 2 glass floats, 1 
Johnson pump, 12 window-screens 1 water-tank, 2 rain- 
gauges, 6 horse-bonnets, 2 shades, 7 draft-chains, 8 striking- 
hammers, 2 hand-hammers, 7 sledge-hammers, 2 paving- 
hammers, 2 axes, 4 screen-bars, 15 iron bars, 31 square 
shovels, 9 snow-shovels, 55 round-pointed shovels, 5 scufflers, 
43 picks, 5 grub-axes, 34 pick-handles, 7 sledge-handles, 7 
trowels, 17 rifles, 1 lot of cord, 9 hoes, 4 one-bushel baskets, 4 
border-knives, 2 beadles, 5 paving-rammers, 1 root-puller, 3 
manure-forks, 1 limb-cutter, 1 gafi'-hook, 1 California pump- 
belt, 25 ft. wire fence, 2 pulleys, 2 mowing-machines, 18 
drills, 1 copper tamping-rod, 2 iron spoons, 2 whetstones, 
one wooden pulley, | can palm-oil, 1 screen-brush, 6 bags 
grass-seed, 5 lbs. oakum, 7 dozen hay-caps, 1 rubber tank- 
hose, 1 box candlesticks, 1 writing-desk, 1 cross-cut saw, 4 
small tin dippers, 12 pails, 5 heavy buckets, 1 tin boiler, 1 
hay-knife, 50 ft. fuse, 4 sponges, 1 grate, 5 lbs. powder, 3 
spades, 14 points, -3 chisels, 3 grass-hooks, 3 watering-pots, 
3 feed-baskets, 75 lbs. lead, 6 rattan brooms 11 snaths, 14 
iron rakes, 19 wooden rakes, 12 hay-forks, 2 hay-ropes, 1 
oil cabinet, 25 lbs. axle grease, 4 rubber blankets, 12 kegs 
nails, 6 plow-points, 1 cement testing-machine, 1 piece brass 
screen, and 1 piece copper screen. 

Old Blacksmith's Shop. 

1 observatory and instruments, 2 pieces canvas, I pair 
oars, 2 boats, 1,000 shingles, 1 flume, 1 post-spoon, 1 iron 
cover, 10 bbls. Portland, 23 bbls. American cement, \ bbl. 
black oil, 1 lot crusher-plates, 2 large screens, 12 signs, 1 
iron bedstead, ^ bbl. paint, 1 manhole grate, ^ cask red 
paint, 1 house force-pump, 1 lot of chains, 3 stoves, 20 ft. 
lead pipe. 

Stable. 

8 horses, 2 pigs, 8 horse-blankets, 1 rubber horse-cover, 2 
sets double harness, 1 hay-rigging harness, 2 express har- 
nesses, 2 driving-harnesses, 9 halters, 4 cart-harnesses, 1 
harness-pan, 1 gall, neat's-foot oil, 1 Johnson pump, sleigh- 
bells, 2 surcingles, 1 stove, 1 stable-sponge, 4 curry-brushes 
and combs, 1 set lead chains, 1 hay-cutter, 1, knee-pad, 40 
bushels oats, 1 bushel cracked corn, 3 bushels shorts, 10 tons 
hay, 2 brooms, 2 bales straw, 2 open buggies, 1 covered buggy, 
1 bufialo and lap robe, 1 duster, 1 jack, 1 watering-pot, 1 whip. 



Eeport of the Water Boaed. 131 

Carpenter's Shop. 

1 stove, 1 clock, 30 ft. clear white-pine, 100 ft. ash, 400 
spruce clapboards, 3 hand-saws, 1 panel-saw, 1 bit-stock 
and bitts, 1 level, 8 planes, 3 augurs, 1 pair dividers, 6 
chisels, 2 axes, 2 gauges, 20 fence-rails, 4 X 4, 1 wood-saw, 
1 water-tank, 400 lbs. nails, 1 lot screws, 1 hammer, 1 com- 
pass-saw, 12 eye-bolts, 1 fence-wrench, 2 ladles, 2 rubber 
belts, 2 jack-screws, 15 lbs. green paint, 1 can japan, 2 
galls, boiled linseed-oil, 5 galls, raw linseed-oil, 5 brushes, 1 
gall, black paint, 1 gall, varnish, ^ can spirits turpentine, 
3 cans paint preserver, 1 grindstone, 1 galv. chain and pul- 
ley, 1 belt-stretcher, 1 rotary-pump, \ ton hard coal, \ ton 
soft coal, 1 Blake pump, 1 portable boiler, 1 roll brown 
paper, 1 feed-pump, 1 portable engine, 1 glue-pot. 

Blacksmith'' s Shop. 

1 forge, 1 anvil, 1 set tools, 1 vise, 1 breast-drill, 3 stock- 
dies and taps, 1 ratchet and drill, 10 files, 75 lbs. iron, 200 
lbs. scrap-iron, 4 pairs pipe-tongs, 2 solid die-plates, 75 ft. 
steam-pipe, 3 cold chisels, 2 monkey-wrenches, 1 soldering- 
iron. 

Yard. 

1 derrick and rigging, 1 Blake stone-crusher, 1 12-horse 
power engine, 2 cans, 1 portable building and shed, 60 ft. 
4-inch suction-pipe, 1 piece of lead suction-pipe (siphon), 

1 piece of 18-inch copper suction-pipe, 30 ft. of 4-inch iron 
/• suction-pipe, 12 ft. 8-inch drain-pipe, 8 ft. 6 inch drain-pipe, 

6 ft. 30-inch drain-pipe, 15 fire-buckets, 1 carryall, 1 sleigh, 

2 express wagons, 1 2-horse wagon, 4 carts, 2 water-carts, 
1 hay- wagon, 1 pung, 2 2-horse sleds, 1 2-horse truck, 2 drags, 
1 1-horse water-cart, 2 road-rollers, 1 pair large wheels, 2 mov- 
ing wheels, 4 roller-wheels (I horse-power), 2 hand-carts, 1 
spare pole, 2 hand-rollers, 2 sets lead bars, 1 fire-engine, 2 
jacks, 2 conduit forms, 1 step-ladder, 1 30-ft. ladder, 1 28- 
ft. ladder, 1 20-ft. ladder, 2 12-ft. ladders, 2,000- bricks, 2 
tons sand, 1 lot cast-iron grates, 1 lot clay, 1 scraper, 2 
snow-ploughs, 1 plough, 1 harrow, 55 granite-bounds, 5 cedar- 
posts, 1 rain gauge, 6 gravel-screens, 12 wheelbarrows, 125 
pickets, 1 tool-box, 1 lot of old cast-iron. 

BrooMine Reservoir. 

1 writing-desk, record-book, ink-rack, etc., 1 gauge, 1- 
stove, stove-pipe (32 ft.), hod and poker, 1 pitcher, 1 turn 
bier, 1 spittoon, 1 lantern, 1 stove-brush, 2 settees, 4 stop- 



132 CiTT Document No. 108. 

plank hooks, 2 towels, 2 mats, 1 pair rubber boots, 1 scythe, 
3 shovels, 1 pick, 1 dust-brush, 2 rakes, 1 hoe, 1 sickle, 1 
scufiler, 2 water-pails, 1 13-ft. ladder, 1 step-ladder, 1 
sponge, 1 pair hedge-shears, 1 dust-pau, 1 feather duster, 1 
bushel basket, 1 border knife, 1 wheelbarrow, 1 spade, 1 
broom, 1 screen-brush, 1 rattan-broom, 2 scrubbing-brushes, 
1 watering-pot, 1 axe, 1 chair, 1 wrench, 1 40-inch gate-key, 
9 ft., 2 36-inch gate-keys, 4 ft., 1 30-iuch gate-key, 6 ft., 2 
air-cock wrenches, 2 gate-wheels, 1 gate-cover, 1 gate- 
crank, 2 gate-chamber wheels, 38 stop-planks, 3 ft. 3^ 
inches X 8 inches, 18 stop-planks, 4 ft. 5 inches X 8 inches, 
33 stop-planks, 5 ft. 6 inches X 8 inches, 3 gas fixtures, 1 
frame for gates, 1 rammer, 4 keys for 48-inch connection, 1 
wrench, iron cover and wooden cover for 48-inch connection, 
1 crow-bar, 3 thermometers, 5 padlocks, 2 screen-doors, 6 
window-screens, 6 screens, 5^ X 5 ft., 1 iron ladder, 7^ ft., 4 
signs, 1 hammer, 1 cold chisel. 

Lake Cochituate. 

1 25-horse-power engine, 3 18-inch pumps, 1 12-inch 
pump, 4 stop-plank hooks, 2 1-inch hooks, 1 box bolts and 
pieces steam-pipe, 2 pieces boiler-plate, 1 dining-room table, 
12 dining-room chairs, 1 small table, 1 mirror, 1 stove, 1 
oil-cloth carpet, 2 spittoons, 2 record-books, 1 bowl and slab, 1 
steelyards, 1 horse, 1 wagon, 1 light wagon (worthless), 1 
cart, 1 pung, 3 harnesses, 1 rain-gauge, 38 stop-planks, 1 
screen for gate-house, 4 hoes, 1 scythe, 2 pieces rubber hose, 

1 rope, 2 gravel screens, 1 drain-mould, 1 lot of corrugated 
iron, 4 rattan brooms, 6 candlesticks, 2 grindstones, 1 grap- 
pling-iron, 1 boat-hook, 1 raft, 2 square-pointed shovels, 2 
snow-shovels, 2 round-pointed shovels, 10 picks, 2 grub-hoes, 

2 stone hand-trucks, 4 ox-chains, 1 short chain, 2 rakes, 2 
white-wash brushes, 1 saw, 1 hammer, 1 roll telegraph-wire, 
1 sledge, 1 striking hammer, 1 road-roller, 9 bbls. cement, 

1 pair hedge-shears, 2 sickles, 2 hay-forks, 1 manure-fork, 
50 stone-bounds, 4 pails, 1 pair oars, 2 sand-sieves, 6 hand- 
drills, 2 hand-drill hammers, 6 steel points, 1 axe, 1 hatchet, 

2 iron settees, 1 keel-bottom boat, 1 set small scales, 1 lot 
of scrap-iron, copper and lead, 3 pairs rubber boots, 1 copper 
sand-pump. 

Farm Pond Gate-House. 

1\ tons coal, 2 pails, 2 wrenches, 1 22-ft. ladder, 4 stop- 
plank hooks, 3 yds. linen, 8 candles, 2 tin-pans, 4 cans, 2 
ropes, 3 qts. kerosene oil, 1 boat, 3 lamps, 3 reflectors, 3 
globes, 2 weir-gauges with apparatus, 2 wrenches for hoist- 



Eepokt or THE Water Board. 133 

ing gates, 1 crow-bar, 1 scuffler, 1 wire scoop, 3 conduit 
reflectors, 4 double blocks with ropes, 3^ ft. rubber hose, 1 
thermometer, 1 brass handle, for current-metre. 

Office at Framingham. 

6 bbls. American cement, \ bbl. Portland cement, l bale 
oakum, 1 roll sheet lead, 5 hand-saws, 2 planes, 1 level, 2 
hammers, 1 steel square, 4 bitt-stocks, 5 augurs, 11 bitts, 
1 bevel, 3 screw-drivers, 2 wrenches, 1 marlin spike, 2 
chisels, 1 carpenter's tool-chest, i keg nails, 4 pails, 1 ice- 
pick, 2 swivel screen-hangers, 3 testing-irons, 5 cans, 12 
eye-bqlts, 11 iron dogs, 16 iron steps, 22 bags, 1 tent, 1 
grindstone, 1 water-can, 1 cement testing apparatus, 1 bbl. 
bungs, lot of old iron, 1 ladle, package brimstone, 15 shovel- 
handles, 1 pair chain dogs, 1 single block, 100 wooden pins, 

1 coil of wire, 494 ft. old rubber hose, ^ keg spikes, 1 
rammer, 12 picks, 1 grub-hoe, 3 shovels, \ box red paint, 1 
ice-chest, 1 tool-box, 22 files, 1 tack-hammer, 1 wash-stand, 
7 oil-cups, 4 padlocks, 1 tool-chest, iron pipe and fittings, 

2 2-gall. measures, 2 reflecting-lanterns, 4 lanterns, 5 lan- 
tern-globes, 1 gall, kerosene oil, 2 tunnels, 3 galls, sperm 
oil, 2 brands, 7 galls. Page's varnish, 2 sledge-hammers, 5 
axes, 4 brass bolts, 1 wooden maul, 11 picks, 1 wood-saw 
and horse, 14 hammer-handles, 2 bdls. lathes, 3 mortar and- 
12 brick hods, 1 stove, 3 ice-tanks, 8 manure-forks, 8 small 
stone-hammers, 1 wooden rake, lot of leather belting. 

Tool-House at Farm Pond. 

10 picks, 12 grub-axes, 4 spades, 12 square-pointed 
shovels, 9 round-pointed shovels, 6 long-handle round- 
pointed shovels, 1 cross-cut saw, 1 hand-saw, 11 oars, 1 
cylinder stove and pipe, | keg shingle-nails, 4 kegs spikes, 
6 augurs, 1 jack-screw, 1 axe, 1 sieve, 2 hoes, 1 oil-cup, 1 
chisel-bar, 2 pinch-bars, 5 crow-bars, 4 tampers, 2 rammers, 
1 sledge-hammer, 4 scale-chains, 2 drag-chains, 103 bolts, 3 
ft. 6 inches long, 11 wheelbarrows, 49 rods, 12 ft. long, 5 
kegs old spikes, 1 lawn pump, 1 14-ft. lever, 3 double 
blocks with ropes, 4 single blocks, 5 dredging-hooks, 5 ice- 
hooks, 2 mortar and 8 brick-hods, 8 wooden rolls, 1 truck, 

3 steel sounding-rods, 2 bush-scythes, 1 snath, 4 iron truck- 
wheels, 50 ft. lead pipe, 1 gravel and 2 sand-screens, 1 
wooden pump |- bbl. cement, 1 can, 26 stop-planks, 7 ft. 6 
in. X 8 inch*X 4 inch, 80 stop-plank, 7 ft. X 8 inch X 4 inch, 
48 bolts, 3 ft. 3 inches long, 30 bolts, 5 ft. 6 inches long, 
cast-iron pipe and 4 bends, 350 bolts assorted sizes, QQ 
stakes, current metre apparatus, 200 wooden pins, 15 ft. of 



134 City Document No. 108. 

6-mch stove-pipe, 1 water-pot, 1 belle oakum, 1 hoisting 
apparatus, lot of old iron, 2 iron rings, 1 iron dog, 1 drill, 

1 tool-chest, 2 bunches cord, 1 lot rubber, 1 trowel, 2 
Avooden beadles, 1 tool-box, 4 oak-plank, 2 hammered 
granite stones, 1 truck, 1 boat, 1 wooden scale, lot of spruce 
lumber, lot of hard-pine lumber, lot of old lumber, 10 
ladders. 

Course Brook Waste Weir, 

1 spade, 1 broom, 1 hoe, 2 stop-plank hooks with rope, 

2 stop-plank hooks, 2 bags, 3 lanterns, 3 cans, 1 shovel, 1 
piece of rope, 1 oil-cup, 4 pairs rubber-boots, 1 candle-stick, 
1 can sperm-oil, 1 ice-chisel, 1 iron-rake, 1 hatchet, 3 wooden- 
horses, 1 conduit reflector, 2 paint-brushes, 4 pails, 1 wheel- 
barrow, 6 stop-planks, 9 feet 6 inches X 8 inches X 3 
inches, 12 stop-planks, 4 cape-chisels, pile of old lumber. 

Bacori's Brook Waste Weir. 

3 iron-rakes, 1 spade, 4 bags, 3 square-pointed shovels, 4 
grass-hooks, 2 pairs rubber-boots, 1 hand-barrow, 1 piece 
canvas, 1 wheelbarrow, 1 pick, 1 culvert-scoop, 1 long- 
handle round-pointed shovel, 3 cans, 1 lantern, 2 boxes 
candles, 2 stop-plank hooks, 12 stop-planks, 2 cement-boxes, 
6 steel sets, 5 cape-chisels, 1 ice-chisel. 

' Rosemary Brook Blow-off. 
1 gate-wrench, 1 ladder. 

Fuller's Brook Waste Weir. 

12 stop-plank, 9 feet 9 inches X 8 inches X 4 inches, 2 
stop-plank hooks, 2 brooms, 1 can, 1 ice-chisel, 1 wheel- 
barrow, 2 pails, 1 bag. 

Tool-shed, near Fuller's Waste Weir. 

12 plank, 14 feet X 8 inches X 3 inches, 4,300 hard brick, 
1 wheelbarrow, 1 round-point shovel, lot of old lumber. 

West Siphon Chamber. 

52 stop-planks, 6 feet x 8 inches x 4 inches, 1 coal-hod, 
1 coal-box, 1 tool-chest, 1 gauge, 5 pair rubber-boots, 1 
stool, 1 gate-hook, 1 hook for bolting door, 2 lanterns, 3 
cans, 1 gallon Page's varnish, l- can thinning, 1 sponge, 6 
paint-brushes, 1 scrubbing-brush, 1 jug, 1 stove-brush, 3 
calkiug-irons, 3 steel points, 1 dust-pan and brush, 6 brooms, 
1 axe, ^ bag cotton waste, 1 2-bushel basket, 1 long-handle 



Eeport of the Water Board. 135 

round-pointed shovel, 3 square-pointed shovels, 2 candle- 
sticks, 1 pail, 1 piece of rope, 1 ladder, 1 hoe, 1 closet, 4 
stop-plank hooks, 2 wooden horses, 1 bag salt, 1 sieve, 2 
cans paint, 1 mat, 1 bush-scythe, 1 grass-hook, 1 grub-axe, 
1 crow-bar, 1 candle-reflector, 3 oil-cups, 1 keg nails, 2 
globes, 1 augur, 1 hay-fork, 1 hand-saw, 1 hammer, 1 iron- 
rake, 1^ bbls. sand, 3 bbls. cement, 1 bbl. Portland cement, 
5 bags grass-seed, 7 boxes candles, 2 bags, 1 wheelbarrow. 

East Siphon Chamber. 

3 qts. paint, 1 broom, coil rope, 1 candle-stick, 1 closet, 1 
flat-bottom boat, 52 stop-planks, 6 feet X 8 inches X 4 
inches, 1 gauge, 2 stop-plank hooks, 1 wooden roller, 3 
shovels, 1 wrench, 1 lantern, 3 iron-rakes, 2 pair rubber- 
boots, 1 spade, 2 grass-hooks, 1 bag. 

Glarhe's Waste Weir. 
12 stop-planks, 2 stop-plank hooks, 1 broom, 1 shovel. 



EEPOET OF THE SUPEEINTENDENT OF THE 
EASTEEN DIVISION. 



Boston, May 1, 1880. 
Leonard R.Cutter,Esq. , Chairman Boston Water Board : — 

Sir, — My report for the year ending with April 30th I 
herewith respectfully submit. 

I consider the works at the present date to be in excellent 
condition. 

Main Pipes. 

The whole number of feet of pipe of the different sizes laid 

during the year is . . 42,838 feet. 
Eelaid .... 2,785 " 



45,fi23, equal to 8|||| miles. 
Total number miles of pipes laid to date . . 372|||^ 

Service Pipes. 

Whole number put in ..... 1,036 

Length in feet 27,787 

Pipes changed . . . . . . 124 

Lengthinfeet . . . . . . . 1,606 

Posts for Watering-Carts. 

Established during the year ..... 7 

Total number now established . . . . . 25 

Location. 

Blue-Hill avenue, corner Quincy. 

*' " near Warren. 

Francis street, near Tremont. 
Perkins street, near Centre. 
Prince street, near Perkins. 
Mt. Hope Cemetery. 
Paris street, corner Meridian. 



Keport of the Water Board. 



137 



Drinking-Fountains . 

Established Sixth street, between P and Q. 
*' fire-pipes .... 

" elevators .... 

" motors .... 



6 

23 

6 



Of the relaying of enlarged sizes, the following table 



shows the changes in sizes 



street. 


Between what Streets. 


Size now. 


No. of feet. 


Size form'ly 


Harrison avenue . . 

Dove 

Rove's Wharf . . 


Curve and Beach ...,.,. 

P and Dorchester 

From Atlantic avenue .... 


8-in. 
6 " 
6 " 


1,700 
800 
285 


6-in. 
4 " 
4 " 



Eaised. 

A St. , Baldwin and end of pipe 6-inch. 300 feet. 

Cabot St., Tremont, and Windsor 6-inch. 110 " 

Lowbred. 
Cabot St., Tremont and "Windsor 6-inch. 246 feet. 

Taken Up. 
6-inch iron pipe 2,435 feet. 



4 
2 

li- 
1 



lead 



926 

. 13 ' 

.1,162 ' 

71 ' 

8 ' 

. 280 " 

85 ' 



138 



City Document No. 108. 



Statement of Location, Size, and Number of Feet of Pipe 
laid in 1879. 



In what Street. 



Exeter 

Albany 

Newbury 

Beacon 

Gloucester 

Halden 

Bromfield 

Dartmouth 

■I 

School and City Hall Ave, 
Newbury 

Davenport 

Auburn 

Dartmouth 

Marlboro' , 

H 

I 

Morni court 



Between what Streets, 


a 
2 . 

55 


E 

o 


BOSTON. 


16 


91 


Total 16-inch 


91 




12 


376 




488 




60 




24 




73 






Total 12-inch 


1,021 




6 


265 








163 




36 




130 




430 




144 




1,500 




96 




168 


Huntington and B.&A.R.R 

Fairfield and Hereford 


130 
10 






3,072 


SOUTH BOSTON. 


12 


96 






Total 12-iiioh 


96 




6 


337 


Ninth and O.C.R.K 


69 


Amount carried forward 


... 


• •. 


406 



Report of the Water Board. 



139 



Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Old Harbor 

Nintli 

"Watti court . . . . 
N 

Falcon 

Doherty court. . 

Pope 

Brooks 

White 

Sumner place . . 
Harmony court 

Swett 

Norfolk ave . . . . 

Fairland 

New Heath...., 

Gerard 

Swett 

New 

Savin , 

Oak 



Between what Streets. 



Amount brought forward . 

SOUTH BOSTON. 

Eighth and Ninth 

Old Harbor and Lowland . 

Ninth and O.C.R.R 

Fourth and Broadway 



■ Continued. 



Total 6-inch 

EAST BOSTON. 

Meridian and Border 

Brooks and Meridian 

Everett and Maverick 

Saratoga and Curtis 

E. B. Reservoir and White 

E. B. Reservoir and Brooks 



Total 6-inch. 



From Sumner... 
From Lexington. 



Total 4-inch. 



BOSTON HIGHLANDS. 

Gerard and Magazine 

Dolan court and Oak 



Total 12-inch 

Winthrop and Moreland. • 

Centre and Pynchon 

Swett and Island 

Gerard and Magazine . . . . , 

From Swett 

Tupelo and Blue Hill ave. 
Norfolk ave. and Clapp .. 






209 
442 
379 
366 

1,802 

160 
100 
112 
152 
200 
60 

784 

137 
130 



1,673 
207 



349 
47 
28 
28 
58 
79 

362 



Amount carried forward. 



140 



City Document No. 108. 



Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Shawmut ave. 

Cobden 

Howland 

Cottage court 
Faxon place. . 
Reed court ... 

Bickford 

Whitney 

Hoffman . 

Gilbert 

Dolan court. . 
Maywood . . . . 

Dale ave 

Court 

Hulbert 

Hampshire . . , 
Wyoming . . . . 

Court 

Adams 

Columbia . . . . 

Myrtle 

Norfolk ave... 
Washington . . 

Romsay 

Codman 



Between what Streets. 



Amount brought forward. 



BOSTON HIGHLANDS.— ConimM«d!. 

Vernon and Roxbury ,. 

Washington and Walnut ave 

From Warren 

From Rand 

Tremont and Smith 

Yeoman and Hartopp place 

Centre and Bromley park 

Tremont and Conant 

Lamartine and Gilbert 

Hoffman and Roys 

From Norfolk ave 

Blue Hill ave. and Warren 

From Dale 

From Day 

Ray and Circuit 

Vernon and Clay 

From Warren 



Total 6-inch. 



Bickford and Parker. 
Total 4-inch. . . 



DORCHESTER. 
Ashmont and Minot 

School-house and Wales place 

Quincy and Lawrence ave 

Cottage and Franklin court 

Ashmont and Homer 

Dorchester ave. and Sagamore 

Dorchester ave. and R.R. Crossing , 

Total 12-inch , 



•mm 



Keport of the Water Board. 



141 



statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Glendale 

Melville ave.... 

Monadnock 

Pleasant 

Bowdoin ave..., 

Grampian way 

Ellsworth 

Grant 

Melville , 

Cedar ave 

Clarence place .. 

Carlton 

Cow Pasture . . . . 
Woodward park 

Harlow 

CUfton 

Hudson 

Columbia 

Franklin court . 

Hartford 

Sargent 

Virginia 

Glendale 

Glen 

Brook place 

Davenport ave. . . 

Baker court 

Sumner-st. place. 

Highland 

New 



DORCHESTER. ■ 

Bird and Columbia 

Washington and Allston. . . 

Bird and Dudley 

Cottage and Pearl 

Washington and Eldon . . . 



Continued. 



Total 8-inch. 



Savin Hill ave and Savin Hill ave. .. 
Commercial ave. and Dorchester ave. 

From Crescent ave 

Washington and Alston 

Bird and Monadnock 

From Washington 

Crescent ave. and O.C. & N.R.R 

From Carlton 

From Harlow 

Howard ave. and Woodward park. .. 

Hudson and Cottage 

Clifton and Dudley 

Hancock and Glendale 

From Norfolk ave 

Sargent and Howard ave 

Hartford and Howard ave 

Dudley and Davenport ave 

Columbia and Glen 

Glendale and Trull 

From Dudley , 

Columbia and Virginia 

From Willow court 

From Sumner 

High and East 

From Ashmont 






Amount carried forward. 



227 

1,243 

1,448 

949 

527 

4,394 

408 
317 

57 
9 

20 
148 
397 
1,053 
287 
322 
395 

13 
397 
430 
127 
231 
364 
246 

21 
293 
405 
253 
256 
431 
156 

7,036 



142 



City Document No. 108. 



statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Sumner court • . . 
Bowdoin ave ... 

Codman 

Ware 

Monaduock 

Park 

Amory 

Poplar 

Metropolitan ave 

Spring 

Clarence 

Metropolitan ave. 
Annawan ave.. . . 
Perkins 

Lakeville place .. 

Child 

Lee 

Rutledge 

Ellsworth 

Poplar 

Metropolitan ave. 

Park 

Warren square .. 
New 



Between what Streets. 



Amount brought forward 



DORCHESTER. — Continued. 

From Sumner 

Washington and Eldon 

Dorchester ave. and R.R. Crossing 

From Trull 

Dudley and Bird 



Total 6-inch. 



WEST ROXBURr. 

Rutledge and Martin 

School and Boylston 

Alhion and Metropolitan 

Poplar and Kilburn 

Walnut and Clarence 

Spring and Prospect 



Total, 12-inch 

Poplar and Hyde Park line 

Irving and Park 

Pond ave. and Prince 



Total 8-iDch. 



From Centre 

Starr and South 

Keys and Child 

Bellevue and Park 

From School.. 

Alhion and Metropolitan ave. 
Poplar and Hyde Park line . . 

Annawan and Martin 

From Green 

From South 



.2 ^ 



Amount carried forward. 



Eeport of the Water Board. 



143 



statement of Location, Size, etc. — Concluded. 



In what Street. 



Carolina ave 

Elm 

Perkins 

Court 

Spring Lane 

Amory 

Centre place 

Court 

Faneuil 

Parson 

Allston sq , 

Griggs , 

Court 

Academy-Hill ave, 



Between what Streets. 



Amount brought forward 



"WEST ROXBURY. — Continued. 

South and Lee 

Everett and Newherne 

Pond ave. and Prince 

From Perkins , 

Lamartine and Chestnut ave •• 

School and Boylston 

From Centre 



Total 6-inch . 

From Perkins 

Total 4-inch. 



BRIGHTON. 

Market and Brook 

Faneuil and R.R. bridge 



Total 12-inch , 



From Allston 

From Allston 

Total 6-inch . 

From Washington. 
From Rockland . . . 



.2 a 



Total 4-inch 



253 
42 
15 

208 

343 
10 

256 

4,045 
115 
115 

296 
6 



329 

208 



142 
158 

800 



144 



City Document No. 108. 



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145 




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a'g o "^^s ^"S i^'S i^ i 'S o ^s o a "3 



146 



City Document No. 108. 






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Eeport of the Water Board. 



147 



Repairs of Pipes during the Tear 1879. 



Where. 


Diameter of Pipes in Inches. 




40 


36 


30 


24 

2 
3 


20 

15 
3 

10 
2 


16 

2 


12 

18 
3 

6 
1 
3 


8 
2 

2 
4 


6 

40 
5 
3 
2 

12 
4 

66 


4 

51 

7 
3 
4 

1 
66 


3 

4 

4 


2 

4 
2 

1 

7 


91 

1 

92 


3 
3 


1 

19 
4 
1 

1 

25 


i 

3 

1 

* 
4 


B 

527 

129 

83 

76 

8 

5 

3 

831 


i 

7 

16 

2 

3 

1 

29 


Total. 


Boston 

South Boston ., • • 
East Boston .... 
Boston Highlands . 
Dorchester . . . . 
WestRoxhury . . 
Brighton 


2 


2 


2 


792 

171 

104 

98 

22 

15 

4 




2 


2 


2 


5 


30 


2 


31 


1,206 



Of the leaks that have occurred on pipes of 4 inches 
and upward : joints, 151 ; settling of earth, 18 ; 
defective packing, 9 ; defective pipe, 13 ; defec- 
tive stop -cock, 12 ; cap blown off, 1 ; struck by 
pick, 1. Total 205 

Stoppages by fish, 5 ; by gasket, 1 . . . 6 

Of 3-inch and on service pipes ; joints, 11 ; set- 
tling of earth, 160; settling of wall, 2; settling 
of sewer, 1 ; defective meter, 1 ; defective pipe, 
52 ; defective coupling, 8 ; defective packing, 8 ; 
defective faucet, 3 ; coupling loose at main, 2 ; 
faucet loose at main, 2 ; burst by frost, 3 ; struck 
by pick, 35; by drain-diggers, 7; by nail, 1; 
pipes not in use, 3 ; cut by axe, 1 ; blasting, 1 ; 
stiff connections, 91 ; gnawed by rats, 8 ; 
Total 400 

Stoppages by fish, 318 ; rust, 252 ; dirt, 6 ; gasket, 

14 ; solder, 1 ; frost, 2 ; gravel, 1 ; lead chips, 1 595 



Total . 



1,206 



148 



City Document No. 108. 



Statement of ^^umher of Leaks and Stoppages, 1850-1879. 





DiAMETEK OF. 




Tear. 


Four inches and 
upwards. 


Less than four 
inches. 


Totals. 


1850 


32 

64 

82 

85 

74 

75 

75 

85 

77 

82 

134 

109 

117 

97 

95 

HI 

139 

122 

82 

82 

157 

185 

188 

153 

434 

203 

214 

109 

213 

211 


72 

173 

241 

260 '- 

280 

219 

232 

278 

324 

449 

458 

399 

373 

397 

394 

495 

536 

487 

449 

407 

769 
1,380 
1,459 
1,076 
2,120 

725 

734 

801 
1,024 

995 


104 


1851 


237 


1852 


323 


1853 


345 


1854 


354 


1855 


294 


1856 


307 


1857 


363 


1858 


401 


1859 


531 


I860 


592 


1861 


608 


1862 


490 


1863 


494 


1864 


489 


1865 


607 


1866 


675 


1867 


609 


1868 


531 


1869 J 


489 


1870 


926 


1871 


1,565 


1872 


1,647 


1873 


1,229 


1874 


2,554 


1875 


928 


1876 


948 


1877 


910 


1878 


1,237 


1879 


1,206 







Eeport of the Water Board. 



149 







Hydrants 










During the year 


100 hydrants have been established, and 


31 abandoned. 














Esta'blished. Abandoned. 






Lowry. Boston. 


Y. Post. Boston. 


Dif 




Boston, 7 


2 


5 6 = 20 14 


06 




So. Boston, 


1 


4 2=7 


2 


5 




East " 


3 


1 0=4 





4 




Boston HTds,0 


4 


2 5 = 11 


1 


10 




Dorchester, 9 


10 


7 3 = 29 


5 


24 




W. Eoxbury, 2 


8 


4 10 = 24 


2 


22 




Brighton, 


4 


1 0=5 





5 




Charlestown, 





0=0 


7 







18 , 


32 24 26=100 — 31=6£ 


1 76- 


— 7=69 


Total amount wp to May 1, 


1880. 




Boston . 




, , 






1,325 


South Boston 














486 


East Boston . 














297 


Boston Highlands . 














788 


Dorchester . 














683 


West Roxbury 














323 


Brighton 














207 


Deer Island . 














16 


Brookliue 














8 


Charlestown . 














3 


Chelsea 














8 



4,144 

28 hydrants have been taken out and replaced by new or 
repaired ones, and 153 boxes have been taken out and 
replaced by new ones. The hydrants have had the usual 
attention paid them. 



Stopcocks. 

92 new stopcocks have been established this year, 
boxes have been taken out and replaced by new ones. 
the stopcocks have had the proper attention paid them. 



75 
All 



150 



City Document No. 108. 



Statement of Pipes and other Stock on hand, exclusive of Tools, May 1, 1880. 





Diameter in Inches. 




60 

2 


48 
29 


40 
32 


36 
34 


30 

40 
3 

1 
2 
4 

11 

7 
4 
2 

22 
10 

2 
2 
3 
1 

18 
2 
4 


24 

32 

1 
8 
9 
1 

28 

3 

8 

18 
4 

9 
4 

3 
1 


20 

53 
1 
1 
5 
3 

4 

3 
9 

11 

8 

2 
5 

1 


16 

86 
4 
1 

13 
18 
2 
3 

4 
4 

5 
11 

8 

17 
1 

7 


12 

984 
2 

51 

29 
3 

14 
3 
4 

20 

17 
58 

19 
10 

11 

23 

5 


10 

47 

5 
11 

■ 
2 

6 


9 

4 

36 
36 

1 


8 

894 
18 

34 
12 

8 

5 

7 

24 

47 

39 
3 

59 

7 
11 


6 

842 

4 
32 

4 
10 

2 

6 
15 

6 
17 
24 
13 

9 
16 

17 
3 

10 
12 
2 

29 


4 
199 

■ 
7 

1 

10 

3 
1 
3 
4 
3 

9 
1 

3 

4 

4 
12 

1 

17 


3 




T' 


Blow-off Branches . . 




4-Way Branches .... 
3-Way Branches .... 




2 


2 
9 
1 
6 

2 

1 

1 
1 
4 

4 
1 


1 
6 

1 
11 
2 
2 
3 

3 

2 

2 
2 

1 




Sleeves 


1 


16 
6 
2 


4 




1 








Bevel Hubs 




13 




Quarter Turns .... 

Double Hubs 

Offset Pipes 

Yoke 

Manhole Pipes .... 
One-eighth Turns . . . 

Pieces of Pipe 

Blow-off and Manhole . 

Plugs 

Thawing Clamps . . . 

Straps 

Branch Openings . . . 


1 


2 
10 


Manhole Branches , . . 









Lowry Hydrants. — 38 Lowry hydrants, 2 barrels, 51 
rubber valves, 46 gaskets, 10 chucks, 130 bolts, 13 exten- 
sions, 19 wastes, 20,049 lbs. special castings. 

Post Hydrants. — 26 post hydrants, 4 barrels, 18 pot 
valves, 118 bolts, 78 gaskets, 12 rubber valves, 14 bottom 
extensions, 2,159 lbs. special castings. 

Boston Hydrants. — 15 Boston hydrants, 105 straps, 75 
wastes, 26 extensions, 6,062 lbs. special castings. 



Eeport or THE Water Board. 151 

Boston Y Hydrants. — 18 Boston Y hydrants, 1 Y top, 
3 pots, 19 gaskets, 18 bolts, 21 rubber valves. 

For Stopcocks. — 1 4-inch screw for waste weir, 1 do. for 
Brookline reservoir, 2 16-inch check valves, 7 2i--iuch screws 
for goosenecks, 6 2^-inch valves, 299 lbs. comp. castings, 
51 bolts, 108 lbs. washers, 386 lbs. comp. nuts, 349 maila- 
ble nuts. 

Meters in Shop. — 2 3-inch, 10 2-iuch, 1 1^-inch, 2 1-inch, 
44 |-inch. 

Stock for Meters. — 8 1-inch cocks, 19 |-inch do., 5 1-inch 
clocks, 75 rubber nipples, 4 2-inch connection pieces, 3 
1-inch do., 6 | inch do., 5 4-inch fish-boxes, 9 3-inch do. 

For Service Pipe. — 1 2|^-inch female coupling, 2 21^-inch 
air-cocks, 38 2-iuch nipples, 33 2-inch male couplings, 69 2- 
inch tubes, 65 2-inch nuts, 7 ll^-inch union cocks, 12 11^- 
inch tubes, 6 l^-inch nuts, 17 l^-inch union cocks, 50 1^- 
inch T cocks, 30 ll-inch male couplings, 43 ll-inch nuts, 

32 1^-inch tubes, 53 1-inch union cocks, 3 1-inch T cocks, 
49 1-inch sidewalk cocks, 32 1-inch crooked cocks, 12 1- 
inch air-cocUs, ^'o 1-inch male couplings, 211 1-inch nuts, 
175 1-inch tubes, 3 1-inch air-plugs, 40 |-inch union cocks, 
47 |-inch T cocks, 5 |-inch crooked cocks, 32 |-inch side- 
walk cocks, 84 |-inch male couplings, 74 |-inch nuts, 88 |- 
inch tubes, 508 |-inch straight cocks, 137 |-inch crooked 
cocks, 16 |-inch T cocks, 14 |-inch thawing cocks, 60 |- 
inch solder cocks, 7 |-inch right angle cocks, 6 |-ihch left 
angle cocks, 151 |-inch sidewalk cocks, 24 |-inch Y cocks, 

33 |x|^-iuch tubes, 408 |-inch tubes, 781 |-inchnuts, 74 |-inch 
male couplings, 42 |-inch thawing couplings, 155 |-inch plugs, 
44 1-inch union cocks, 10 |-inch crooked cocks, 77 ^-inch 
nuts, 64 |-inch tubes, 12 4-inch thimbles, 4 3-inch thimbles, 
11 4x2 composition reducers, 5 3x2 ditto, 1 21^x2 ditto, 
1 4X2 2 way ditto, 28 2x1 ditto. 

Lead Pipe. — 255 lbs. 3-inch pipe, 1,454 lbs. 2-inch ditto, 
1,898 lbs. 1^-inchpipe, 767 lbs. l|-inch pipe, 352 lbs. 1-inch tin 
lined pipe, 1,025 lbs. |-inch lead pipe, 581 lbs. f-inch tin 
lined pipe, 2,288 lbs. |-inch lead pipe, 812 lbs. |-inch tin 
lined pipe, 558 lbs. l-iuch lead pipe, &^ lbs. solder. 

Blacksmith Shop. — 341 lbs. cast steel, 87 lbs. spring 
steel, 52 lbs. tire steel, 79 lbs. calking steel, 1,695 lbs. re- 
fined iron, 1,119 lbs. Norway iron, 332 lbs. horseshoes, 39 
lbs. horse nails, 61 pick blanks. 

Carpenter's Shop. — 10 lowry hydrant boxes, 23 post ditto, 
29 Boston ditto, 19 Boston Y ditto, 39 stopcock boxes, 1 
meter box, 42,800 feet spruce, 300 feet pine boards, 160 feet 
maple, 90 feet oak, 36 feet ash. 



152 City Document No. 108, 

Tools. — 1 steam-engine, 1 large hoisting-crane, 3 bo6m 
derricks, 8 hand-geared ditto, 8 set of shears and rigging for 
same, 8 tool-houses, 4 tool-boxes, 7 nozzles, 2 platform 
scales, 1 portable blacksmith shop, 1 portable cover for 
Brewer fountain, 1 hand roller, 2 horse ditto, tools for lay- 
ing main and service pipes, 2 engine lathes, 1 foot ditto, 
1 hand ditto, 1 Pratt and Whitney ditto, 1 planer, 1 boring 
mill, 1 chain hoisting gear, 1 upright drilling-machine, 4 
grindstones, 1 trip hammer, the necessary tools for carrying 
on the machine, blacksmith, carpenter, and plumbing shops, 
1 circular saw, 1 fan-blower, 1 40-inch proving press, 1 36- 
inch ditto, 1 small ditto, 9 wheelbarrows, 3 handbarrows, 
also a lot of patterns at foundry where we obtain castings. 

Stable. — 13 horses, 13 wagons, 2 buggies, 6 pungs, 1 
sled, 2 sets runners, 2 carts, 17 sets harness, 30 blankets, 3 
bufialo robes, 3 tons hay, 40 bushels grain, 1 jigger, 4 lap 
robes, 2 hay-cutters. 

Beacon Hill Reservoir. — 1 large composition cylinder, 1 
16-inch jet, 1 6-inch composition jet, 3 composition plates, 
9 cast-iron plates, 2 4-inch composition jets, 5 swivel pipe 
patterns, 1 2-inch copper straight jet, 6 composition jets for 
small fountains. 

Miscellaneous. — 18,427 lbs. pig lead, 360 lbs. gasket, 1 
fountain basin, 1 stone trough for drinking fountain, 130 
cords of wood, 1 thawing boiler, 1 hose carriage, 1 garden 
pump, 60 3-inch earthen pipe, 120 lbs. new rope, 1,000 
paving bricks, 1 ton sand, 160 tons gravel, 47 gallons kero- 
sene oil, 20 gallons linseed oil, 24 lbs. waste, 7 bbls. cement, 
lot of old bolts. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

E. R. JONES. 

Sujperintendent Eastern Division. 



EEPOET OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE 
MYSTIC WATER WORKS. 



Chaelestown District, Boston, May 1, 1880. 

Leonard R. Cutter, Esq., Chairman of Boston Water 
Board : — 

Sir, — The annual report of this department for the year 
ending April 30, 1880, is herewith respectfully submitted. 

The works are, as a whole, in very good condition. At 
the lake the removal of the bank of gravel on the westerly 
side, adjoining the entrance from Mystic street, has been 
finished, the gravel all being used to fill up the area on the 
south-westerly side of the dam. This area has, with that on 
the hill, been graded ofi", trees set out, and the whole sown 
to grass, making a great improvement, that will be more 
apparent probably as the season advances. The new road 
from Mystic street to the dam has also been graded and 
completed. A new and substantial stone wall, 250 feet in 
length, has been built along the front line of the lot on the 
Tipper side of Mystic street, with materials on hand. The 
bridge over the over-fall at the dam has been thoroughly 
repaired, having new inside stringers, and a new covering of 
southern pine plank. Advantage was taken of the low level 
of the water in November, to clear up the area at Mystic 
Station in Winchester, usually covered with water, a large 
amount of muck having been wheeled out and deposited 
along the shore, thus giving a greater depth of water. 

Mystic sewer is now in complete working order, and two 
men are constantly employed in looking after it, and also 
the branch connections and cesspools. 

Conduit. 

In October and November the section of the conduit 
between the lake and ventilator, in which there has always 
been a heavy growth of vegetable matter, was thoroughly 
cleaned and flushed. An examination at this time showed 
the conduit to be in good condition, there having been no 
material change since the last report. 



154 City Document No. 108. 



Pumping-Station. 

The pumps and boilers, which have all been in use more or 
less during" the year, have required but the usual repairs. 

The engines are kept in excellent working order, but 
owing to the constant work required of them they now need 
thorough outside repairs and repainting. The engine-room 
is considerably out of repair, and needs a thorough reno- 
vating and repainting at once. 

The grounds about the engine-house are in good condition, 
and present a neat appearance. The 100 spruce trees, with 
a number of other kinds which were set out a year ago, are 
all, with four or five exceptions, in a flourishing condition, the 
transplanting proving a success. The dwelling-houses and 
stable are in very good condition. 

The coal account for the year is as follows : — 

Amount on hand May 1, 1879, . . .305.79 tons. 

Eeceived from May 1, 1879, to May 1, 1880. 3509. «0 " 

Total 3815.39 " 

ConsumedfromMayl,1879,toMay 1,1880, 3559,64 " 

On hand 255.75 " 

Force Mains. 

These mains have both been in constant use during the 
year, and, beyond a slight joint leak on the old main last 
month, they have required no repairs. The new roadway 
on the line of these mains from South to West street is 
being gradually graded with ashes, and other proper material 
that is found on the works. A drain pipe was laid through 
this new roadway, from the entrance to the reservoir grounds 
on South street, to West street, there connecting with a 
drain already laid. This was laid with old 8-inch water-pipe, 
that had been replaced in the city, and gives, what was much 
needed, a direct drainage from the reservoir to Mystic river. 

Eeservoir. 

The reservoir and the grounds adjacent are in very good 
condition. A year ago the lawn and the bank on the north- 
easterly side, which had been broken up more or less the 
previous year in laying the new force main, were being 
regraded and sodded or sown to grass, and as a result at the 
present time present a very good appearance. The road- way 
on this side has been regraded and rolled. Since the first 
of December the water in the reservoir, like that in the lake, 



Report of the Water Board. 155 

has been excellent, the screens m the gate-house showing 
scarcely any sediment whatever. The inside of the gate- 
house will need renovating, and the screens in the effluent 
chambers connecting with the two supply mains to the city 
will need renewing the present season. 

Supply Mains. 

On the 30-inch wrought-iron and cement main no repairs 
were needed during the year. On the 24-inch cast-iron 
main there was a slight joint leak, otherwise no repairs 
were required, and the mains are no doubt in good con- 
dition. 

Distribution Pipes. 

In this district the distribution pipes have been extended 
408 feet, and 17,183 feet have beenrelaid, all with iron pipe. 
Of the amount relaid 15,453 feet was with larger pipe, and 
the balance, 1,730 feet, with pipe of the original size. Of the 
amount that was enlarged 36 feet was from 2 to 3 inches, 
228 feet from 2 to 4 inches, 4,408 feet from 4 to 6 inches, 
12 feet from 4 to 10 inches, 282 feet from 6 to 8 inches, 2,758 
feet from 6 to 10 inches, 3,444 feet from 6 to 12 inches, 1,494 
feet from 8 to 10 inches, and 2,791 feet from 8 to 12 inches. 
There have been 13 additional hydrants located, viz. : 4 Lowry 
and 9 Post. One flush hydrant has been replaced with a 
Lowry. There have been 48 breaks and leaks on the cement 
pipes during the year. In Chelsea the distribution pipes 
have been extended 24 feet, in Somerville 248 feet, and in 
Everett 252 feet. 

Service Pipes. 

The number of new service pipes entered during the year 
was 71. There were 23 tin-lined pipes changed to lead, 
43 pipes lowered, 5 enlarged, and 15 " V'branches changed 
to single services. There were 29 stoppages on the service 
pipes, of which 18 were caused by fish, 9 by rust, and 2 by 
frost. 651 service boxes have been renewed. 

In the following tables will be found the number of feet of 
pipe laid and relaid during the year, also the amount now 
connected with the works, and the stock on hand May 1, 
1880. 

Respectfully submitted, 

CHARLES H. BIGELOW, 

jSuperintendent, 



156 



City Document No. 108. 



Distribution Pipes Belaid in Charlestown in 1879-80. 





o 

c 
O 


Size of Pipe. 


6 


Streets. 


Sin. 


4 in. 


6 in. 


Sin. 


:y)in. 


12 in. 


16 in. 


"S 
-a 




Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


a 


Tufts 


4 inch. 
4 " 
2 " 
2 " 
6 " 
4 " 
4 << 
4 " 
2 " 
6 " 
6 " 
6 " 
4 " 
4 «' 
6 " 
4 " 
16 " 
8 " 
4 " 
6 " 
8 " 
4 " 
8 '• 
4 " 
4 " 
4 " 
8 " 
8 " 
8 " 
2 " 
6 " 
6 " 
6 " 
6 " 
4 " 




36 


756 
174 
























Hull 


27 


204 










(( 














.. 


Bunker Hill 




624 
960 
818 


128 








.. 


Decatur • . 




24 








„ 


Bainbridge 










„ 




24 
24 












Chauncy Place .... 


















528 
1,524 

12 






„ 


Bartlett 

Chelsea 

Lynde 

Mt. Vernon . . «... 




24 
36 


12 

180 

1,128 

1,020 


36 


36 

3,408 




II 




36 




. . . 


II 




72 


706 






„ 






24 








II 












34 


II 


Pearl . . • 












1,458 


II 








40 






II 


High 






46 








II 












325 




II 


Salem Avenue 




12 








II 


Wlnthrop 


8 
12 




1,488 






„ 










II 


Monument Court . . . 




24 
36 










ij 














II 






8 
36 








11 


Warren 














II 


Lexington 

Concord Avenue . . . 










1,008 




ji 


9 








II 


City Square 




288 
24 

144 
72 










jj 














II 


Moulton . . . . i . . . 














^j 


Parker 














II 






24 










II 
















Totals 




36 


528 


5,760 


326 


4,264 


6,235 


34 





Eepoet or THE Watee Board. 



157 



Extension of Distrihidion Pipes in Charlestown in 1879-80. 



Streets. 


Size of Pipe. 


Kind of 
Pipe. 


Total Feet. 




4 inch. 


6 inch. 






168 
108 
18 
36 

72 


06 


Iron. 


168 


■Washington Square 

Lexington Avenue 

Mystic W.W. Pipe Yard . . . 


108 
18 
36 
06 




72 






Totals 


402 


06 




408 







Service Pipes Laid in Charlestown in 1879-80. 



Size. 


\ inch. 


1 inch. 


I inch. 


linch. 


1 J inch. 


2 inch. 


Total 
No. 


Total 
Feet. 


Number 


28 


36 


2 


3 


1 


1 


71 


1,706 



158 



City Document No. 108. 



Charlestovn. 



Chelsea. 



SOMEEVILLE. 



Everett. 



Relaid 1,730 feet. 

Relaid and enlarged • 15,453 " 

Extension 408 feet. 

Laid previous 154,190 " 



,e 154,598 feet, or 29 miles, 1,478 feet. 

["Extension 24 " 

J Laid previous 149,339 " 



149,363 feet, or 28 miles, 1,523 feet. 

Extension 243 " 

Laid previous 236,405 " 



igate 236,653 feet, or 44 miles, 4,333 feet. 

Extension 252 " 

Laid previous 75,772 " 

e 76,024 feet, or 14 miles, 2,104 feet. 



Engine-House ) 
Grounds, Somer- J Laid previous 287 feet. 

VILLE. ) 

Total amount of distribution pipe May 1, 1880, 116 miles, 4,445 feet. 



Eepoet of the Water Board. 



159 



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160 City Document No. 108. 



CIVIL ORGANIZATION OF THE WATER WORKS, FROM 
THEIR COMMENCEMENT, TO MAY 1, 1880. 

Water Commissioners. 

Nathan Hale, Jambs F. Baldwin, Thomas B. Curtis. From May 
4, 1846, to January 4, 1850. 

Engineers for Construction. 

John B. Jervis, of New York, Consulting Engineer. From May, 
1846, to November, 1848. 

E. S. Chesbrough, Chief Engineer of the Western Division. From 
May, 1846, to January 4, 1860. 

William S. Whitwell, Chief Engineer of the Eastern Division. 
From May, 1846, to January 4, 1850. 

City Engineers having Charge of the Works. 

E. S. Chesbrough, Engineer. From November 18, 1850, to October 
1, 1855. 

George H. Bailey, Assistant Engineer. From January 27, 1851, 
to July 19, 1852. 

H. S. McKean, Assistant Engineer. From July 19, 1852, to October 
1, 1855. 

James Slade, Engineer. From October 1, 1855, to April 1 , 1863. 

N. Henky Crafts, Assistant Engineer. From October 1, 1855, to 
April 1, 1863. 

N. Henry Crafts, City Engineer. Fi'om April 1, 1863, to November 
25, 1872. 

Thomas W. Davis, Assistant Engineer. From April 1, 1863, to 
December 8, 1866. 

Henry M. Wightman, Resident Engineer at C. H. Reservoir. From 
February 14, 1866, to November, 1870. 

A. Fteley, Resident Engineer on construction of Sudbury-river 
works, from May 10, 1873, to April 7, 1880. 
Joseph P. Davis, City Engineer. From Nov. 25, 1872, to March 20, 

1880. 

Henry M. Wightman, City Engineer. From April 5, 1880, to pres- 
ent time. 

After January 4, 1850, Messrs. E. S. Chesbrough, W. S. Whitwell, 
and J. Avery Richards were elected a Water Board, subject to the 
direction of a Joint Standing Committee of the City Council, by an ordi- 
nance passed December 31, 1849, which was limited to keep in foi'ce 
one year; and in 1861 the Cochituate Water Board was established. 

CocHiTUATE Water Board. 

Presidents of the Board. 

Thomas Wetmore, elected in 1851, and resigned April 7, 

1856$ Five years. 

John H. Wilkins, elected in 1856, and resigned June 5, 

1860t Four years. 

Ebenezer Johnson, elected in 1860, term expired April 

3, 1866$ Five years. 

Otis Norcross, elected in 1865, and resigned January 

15, 1867 One year and nine months. 



Report of the Water Board. 



161 



John H. Thoendike, elected in 1867, term expired April 

6, 1868$ One year and three months. 

Nathaniel J. Bradlee, elected April 6, 1868, and re- 
signed January 4, 1871 . . . Two years and nine months. 

Charles H. Allen, elected January 4, 1871, to May 4, 

1873 Two years and four months. 

John A. Haven, elected May 4, 1873, to Dec. 17, 

187 4 J One year and seven months. 

Thomas Gogin, elected Dec. 17, 1874, and resigned May 
31, 1875 Six months. 

L. Miles Standish, elected August 5, 1875, to July 31, 
1876 . • . . . . . . One year. 



Members of the Board. 



•^54, and 55 
and 56 



Thomas Wetmore, 1851, 52, 53, 54, and 55$ 

John H. Wilkins, 1851, 52, 53, *56, 57, 58, and 59$ 

Henry B. Rogers, 1851, 52, 53, = 

Jonathan Preston, 1851, 52, 53, 

James W. Seaver, 1851$ 

Samuel A. Eliot, 1851$ 

John T. Heard, 1851 .... 

Adam W. Thaxter, Jr., 1852, 63, 54, 55$ 

Sampson Reed, 1852 and 1853 

Ezra Lincoln, 1852$ .... 

Thomas Sprague, 1853, 54, and 55$ 

Samuel Hatch, 1854, 55, 56, 57, 58, and 61 

Charles Stoddard, 1854, 65, 66, and 57$ 

William Washburn, 1854 and 55 . 

TiSDALE Drake, 1856, 57, 58, and 59$ . 

Thomas P. Rich, 1856, 57, and 68$ 

John T. Dinglet, 1866 and 69$ . 

Joseph Smith, 1856$ .... 

Ebenezer Johnson, 1857, 58, 69, 60, 61, 62, 63, and 64$ 

Samuel Hall, 1857, 68, 59, 60, and 61$ 

George P. French, 1859, 60. 61, 62, and 63 

Ebenezer Atkins, 1859$ ... 

George Dennie, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64, and 65 

Clement Willis, 1860 . 

G. E. Pierce, 1860$ 

Jabez Frederick, 1861, 62, and 63$ 

George Hinman, 1862, and 63 

John F. Pray, 1862 

J. C. J. Brown, 1862 . 

Jonas Fitch, 1864, 65, and 66 

Otis Norcross, *1865, and 66 

John H. Thorndike, 1864, 76, 66, and 67$ 

Benjamin F. Stevens, 1866, 67, and 68 

William S. Hills, 1867 . 

Charles R. Train, 1868 

Joseph M. Wightman, 1868, 69 . 

Benjamin James, *1858, 68, and 69 

Francis A. Osborn, 1869 

Walter E. Hawes, 1870$ . 

John O. Poor, 1870 

HoLLis R. Gray, 1870 . 

Nathaniel J. Bradlee, 1863, 64, 65, 66, 67, 

and 71 

George Lewis, 1868, 69, 70, and 71 
Sidney Squires, 1871 



68, 69, 70, 



Five years. 
Eight years. 
Five years. 
Four years. 
One year. 

One year. 
Four years. 
Two years. 
One year. 
Three years. 
Six years. 
Four years. 
Two years. 
Four years. 
Three years. 
Two years. 
Two months. 
Eight years. 
Five years. 
Five years. 
One year. 
Six years. 
One year. 
One year. 
Three years. 
Two years. 
One year. 
One year. 
Three years. 
Two years. 
Four years. 
Tliree years. 
One year. 
One year. 
Two years. 
Three years. 
One year. 
One year. 
One year. 
One year. 

Nine years. 
Four years. 
One year. 



162 



CiTr Document No. 108. 



68, 69 



and 



Charles H. Herset, 1872 

Charles H. Allen, 1869, 70, 71, and 72 

Alexander Wadsworth, *1864, 65, 66, 67 

72 

Charles R. McLean, 1867, 73, and 74 . 

Edward P. Wilbur, 1873 and 74 . 

John A. Haven, 1870, 71, 72, 73, and 74^ 

Thomas Gogin, 1873, 74, and 75* . 

Amos L. Notes, 1871, 72, and 75 . 

William G. Thacher, 1873, 74, and 75 

Charles J. Prescott, 1875 . 

Edward A. White, 1872, 73, 74, 75, and 76t 

Leonard R. Cutter, 1871, 72, 73, 74, 75, and 76t 

L. Miles Standish, 1860, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 74, 75 

and76t 

Charles E. Powers, *1875 and 76t 
Solomon B. Stebbins, 18761 . 
Nahum M. Morrison, 1876t . 
Augustus Parker, 1876t 



One year. 
Four years. 

Seven years. 
Three years. 
Two years. 
Five years. 
Three years. 
Three years. 
Three years. 
One year. 
Five years. 
Six years. 

Ten years. 
Two years. 
One year. 
One year. 
One year. 



*Mr. John H. Wilkins resigned Nov. 15, 1855, and Charles Stoddard was elected to 
fill the vacancy. Mr. Henry B. Rogers resigned Oct. 22, 1865. Mr. Wilkins was re- 
elected Feb., 1856, and chosen President of the Board, which office he held until his 
resignation, June 5, 1860, when Mr. Ebenezer Johnson was elected President; and 
July 2, Mr. L. Miles Standish was elected to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resig- 
nation of Mr. Wilkins. Otis Norcross resigned Jan. 15, 1867, having been elected 
Mayor of the city. Benjamin James served one year, in 1858, and was reelected in 
1868. Alexander Wadsworth served six years, 1864-69, and was reelected in 1872. 
Thomas Gogin resigned May 31, 1875. Charles E. Powers was elected July 15 to fill 
the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Mr. Gogin. 

t Served until the organization of the Boston Water Board. 

j: Deceased. 



Repokt of the Watee Board. 163 



Boston Watee Board, Organized July 31, 1876. 

Timothy T. Sawyer, from July 31, 1876, to May 5, 1879. 
Leonard R. Cutter, from July 31, 1876, to present time. 
Albert Stanwood, from July 31, 1876, to present time. 
Francis Thompson, from May 5, 1879, to present time. 



' Organization of Board for year 1879-80. 

Chairman. 
Leonard R. Cutter. 

Clerk. 
Walter E. Swan. 

Superintendent of the Eastern Division of Cochituate Department. 
Ezekiel R. Jones. 

Superintendent of the Western Division of Cochituate Department. 
Desmond Fitzgerald. 

Superintendent of Mystic Department. 
Charles H. Bigelow. 

Water Registrar of the Cochituate Department. 
William F. Davis. 

Water Registrar of the Mystic Department. 
Joseph H. Caldwell. 

City Engineer. 
Henry M. Wightman. 



SHELF No. 

[July, 1880, 10,000] 

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



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Borrowers finding this book mutilated or unwarrantably 
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