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Full text of "Annual report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution"

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Given By 
SliPT. r>y DOCUMENTS gJ 



Forty-eighth Annual Report 

of the 

BUREAU OF AMERICAN 
ETHNOLOGY 



1930-1931 




SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 

WASHINGTON 

D. C. 



FORTY- EIGHTH 
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 

BUREAU OF 
AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

TO THE SECRETARY OF THE 
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 



1930-1931 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1933 

For aale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 



Smithsonian Institution, 
Bureau of American Ethnology, 

Washington, D. C, July 15, 1931. 
Sir: I have the honor to submit herewith the Forty- 
eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology 
for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1931. 

With appreciation of your aid in the work under my 
charge, I am 

Very respectfully yours, 

M. W. Stirling, 

Chief. 
Dr. C. G. Abbot, 

Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. 



CONTENTS 



REPORT OF THE CHIEF 

Page 

Systematic researches 3 

Special researches 15 

Editorial work and publications 17 

Distribution of publications 18 

Illustrations 19 

Library 19 

Collections 20 

Property 21 

Miscellaneous 21 

ACCOMPANYING PAPER 

General Index, Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 

vols. 1-48, compiled by Biren Bonnerjea 25 



REPORT OF THE CHIEF 



FORTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 



M. W. Stirling, Chief 



The operations of the Bureau of American Ethnology 
during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1931, were conducted 
in accordance with the act of Congress approved April 19, 
1930, making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the 
Government, which act contains the following item: 

American ethnology : For continuing ethnological researches among 
the American Indians and the natives of Hawaii, the excavation and 
preservation of archeologic remains under the direction of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, including necessary employees, the preparation of 
manuscripts, drawings, and illustrations, the purchase of books and 
periodicals, and traveUng expenses, $70,280. 

SYSTEMATIC RESEARCHES 

M. W. Stirling, chief, left Washington during the latter 
part of January to continue his archeological researches in 
Florida. On the way south he took the opportunity to 
investigate a number of archeological sites in several of the 
Southern States, notably a group of mounds which had been 
reported in the vicinity of High Point, N. C, and two mound 
sites on Pine Island in the Termessee River in northern 
Alabama. 

A few days were spent in the vicinity of Montgomery, Ala., 
examining the early historic sites being investigated there by 
the Alabama Anthropological Society. A large mound had 
been reported in the vicinity of Flomaton, Ala.; this was 
visited and found to be a natural formation. 

Continuing down the west coast of Florida, Mr. Stirling 
visited briefly the archeological sites at Crystal River, 
Safety Harbor, and Alhgator Creek. The principal work 
for the season was commenced on February 5 on Blue HiU 



4 BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

Island south of Key Marco, one of the northernmost of the 
Ten Thousand Island Group. A large sand burial mound 
was excavated and found to be of early post-Columbian 
Calusa origin. Excavation of the mound disclosed a number 
of interesting structural features quite unusual in Florida 
sand mounds. Six feet above the base of the mound a clay 
floor was encountered which gave evidence of having been 
the base of a temple structure, as it was surrounded by post- 
holes and in some instances by the decayed remains of the 
wooden uprights still in place. This structure had evidently 
been destroyed and the mound subsequently enlarged by 
adding 6 feet more of sand above the original substructure. 
Numerous burials were encountered both above and below 
the clay floor. A few articles of European manufacture were 
recovered from the upper level of the mound. As none were 
recovered from beneath the temple floor, it is possible that 
the older section of the mound is of pre-Columbian age. 
Cultural material recovered was interesting though not abun- 
dant. This included characteristic pottery specimens, pend- 
ants and ornaments made from fossil shark teeth, shell 
dishes, cups, celts, and a few stone knives and arrowheads. 
Articles of European manufacture consisted of glass beads 
and iron axes of Spanish type. More than 250 burials were 
removed. 

Following the completion of this work, Mr. Stirling went 
to the island of Haiti, where, in the company of H. W. 
Krieger, of the United States National Museum, he investi- 
gated archeological sites previously worked by Mr. Krieger 
in various parts of the island. Returning from Haiti to 
Florida, work was continued in the eastern part of the State, 
where a number of mounds were investigated between 
Miami and Cape Canaveral. 

The most interesting discovery of the entire season con- 
sisted in locating two series of large geometric earthworks on 
the eastern side of the Everglades, not far from Indiantown. 
One of these groups is one of the largest and best preserved 
works of this type now existing on the North American 
continent. It is hoped that at an early date the bureau will 
be able to begin excavations on this most interesting site. 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT O 

At the completion of this reconnaissance, Mr. StirHng re- 
turned to Washington, leaving almost immediately for Chi- 
cago in order to attend a meeting of the National Research 
Council, the purpose of which was to organize research on the 
subject of early man in America. 

Dr. John R. Swanton, ethnologist, was engaged in field 
work in Louisiana from July 1 to August 14, 1930. It was 
found that Rosa Pierrette, the sole Indian acquainted with 
the Ofo language and the one from whom, in 1908, he ob- 
tained the only specimens of that language in existence, was 
dead, and the language therefore is dead also. A search 
was made for speakers of Atakapa, but all appeared to be 
gone except one old woman who could barely recall a few 
words. The Chitimacha Indians of Charenton were visited 
and a small amount of Unguistic material was obtained from 
them. Of the Tunica at Marksville, only two or three are 
stiE able to use the old tongue, but one of these proved to 
be an ideal informant and Doctor Swanton obtained from 
him a nmiiber of short stories and one long story in native 
text. The rest of the time was spent at Kinder, where a 
considerable body of material in Koasati was obtained. 

In view of the extinction of Atakapa as a spoken language, 
Doctor Swanton considered that the words, phrases, and 
text collected by Dr. A. S. Gatschet in 1886, which com- 
prise by far the greater portion of the material in that tongue 
still preserved, should be published without delay and the 
greater part of the winter of 1930-31 was spent in editing it. 
To Gatschet's material have been added the Eastern Ata- 
kapa words collected by Murray and the Akokisa vocabulary 
obtained by the French captain, Berenger, and published by 
Du Terrage and Rivet. A bulletin containing all this is now 
in the hands of the printer. 

Work has progressed on the tribal map of North America 
which is being copied by Mrs. E. C. M. Payne, and additions 
have been made to the text to accompany it. 

Doctor Swanton is preparing the first draft of a Handbook 
of the Indians of the Southeast. 

The closing weeks of the year were devoted to reading the 
proof of Bulletin 103, entitled "Source Material for the Social 
and Ceremonial Life of the Choctaw Indians." 



6 BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

Dr. Truman Michelson, ethnologist, was at work among 
the Kickapoo of Oklahoma at the beginning of the fiscal 
year. A really representative body of Kickapoo mythology 
is now available, and it is quite certain that it is more northern 
than Fox mythology. The ritualistic origin myths are still 
terra incognita. A good beginning has been made on Kicka- 
poo social organization. In the middle of July Doctor 
Michelson went among the Foxes of Iowa. The object of 
the trip was to restore one Fox text phonetically and to obtain 
some new texts, in the current syllabic script, on Fox cere- 
monials, in both of which projects he was successful. Doctor 
Michelson returned to Washington August 4. He completed 
his memoir on the Fox WapAnowiweni and transmitted it foi- 
publication February 7. His paper. Contributions to Fox 
Ethnology, II, Bulletin 95 of the bureau, appeared in the 
course of the fiscal year. 

The remainder of the time was largely taken up studying 
materials gathered previously and also in extracting from 
Fetter's Cheyenne Dictionary such stems and words as can 
be rigorously proved to be Algonquian. The material on the 
physical anthropology of the Cheyenne showed clearly the 
great variation that occurs among living races. A proper 
technique was worked out for determining the Cheyenne 
words of Algonquian origin. Though Fetter's alphabet is 
inadequate, it was possible to partially control this material 
by comparing it with that of Doctor Michelson. Approxi- 
mately 700 of such words and stems were extracted. Though 
the technique mentioned above is very slow, Doctor Michel- 
son is convinced that it is the correct procedure. It was 
entirely feasible to establish about 70 phonetic shifts which 
have transformed Cheyenne from normal Algonquian into 
divergent Algonquian. 

Toward the close of May Doctor Michelson left for 
Oklahoma and renewed his work with the Cheyenne of 
that State. He restored phonetically the material extracted 
from Fetter, with the result that it is now possible to formu- 
late the transforming phonetic shifts with greater nicety. 
He also measured a number of Cheyenne. Though the 
number is not yet large enough to be absolutely decisive 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 7 

in a statistical sense, there is good reason to believe that 
the vault of their skulls is low, thus resembling the Dakota 
Sioux rather than most Algonquian tribes. Some new data 
on Cheyenne social life and mythology were obtained. It 
was his privilege to consult with some other anthropologists 
in Oklahoma and to visit one museum. 

John P. Harrington, ethnologist, was engaged during the 
summer of 1930 in the preparation of his report on the 
Indians who were brought together at San Juan Bautista 
Mission in the first half of the nineteenth century by the 
Spanish-speaking padres from various parts of San Benito 
County, Calif., and the adjacent region. A valuable vocabu- 
lary of the language, recorded by Father Felipe Arroyo de 
la Cuesta, had already been published by the Smithsonian 
Institution in the sixties of the last century, but aside from 
this vocabulary there was little or nothing in print on these 
Indians. Elaborating a wealth of material obtained from 
Mrs. Ascencion Solorsano, the last San Juan Indian who 
spoke the language, who died in January, 1930, Mr. Harring- 
ton prepared a report on aU phases of the life of these 
Indians, as far as reconstructable. This report tells of the 
remarkable way in which the language and partial ethnog- 
raphy were rescued from this sole survivor, and then pro- 
ceeds to the history, geography, and customs of the tribe, 
including all that could be learned of former religion, 
ceremony, and mythology. 

Mrs. Solorsano was an Indian herb doctor, and a feature 
of the work during the summer of 1929 had been to obtain 
specimens and information to cover the ethnobotany of the 
tribe. Further specimens were obtained in the summer of 
1930 by Mrs. Dionisia Mondragon and Miss Marta J. 
Herrera, daughter and granddaughter of Mrs. Solorsano, 
and these were all identified by Mr. C. V. Morton, of the 
National Herbarium. This section gives the treatment 
for curing some 60 different ailments with these herbs and 
by other curious means. It forms a nucleus for making 
comparative studies in Indian medicine. 

At the end of January, 1931, Mr. Harrington left for 
California for the purpose of continuing his studies in this 



O BTJREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

region, this time specializing on the Esselen and Antoniano 
Indians in the southern part of Monterey County. Taking 
the specimens of San Juan Bautista plants with him and 
arriving in wild-flower season, a thorough collecting of 
plants was rewarded with a great mass of information 
which further elucidated much of the San Juan plant 
material. This collecting was done in several places in 
southern Monterey County and simultaneously in San 
Benito County. Seeds used for food were actually made up 
into the food product to get the primitive process, and the 
same method was followed in the study of medicines. 

Along with the plants the field of ethnozoology was 
thoroughly covered and practically all the animals known 
to these Indians were identified. Specimens were obtained, 
especially of birds, which proved to be the most difficult 
field for identification in the collecting of animal names, 
and the skins were identified by the division of birds of the 
National Museum. Eight different kinds of snakes were 
known by name and identified. 

One of the rarest features of the work was the obtaining of 
a number of old Indian place names in the Old Esselen 
country, the western tributary of the Salinas River known as 
the Arroyo Seco. A study of the place names resulted in 
the discovery that the Esselen were not a coastal but an 
inland people, inhabiting the Arroyo Seco and a section of 
the SaUnas River and centered about Soledad Mission. 
They were one of the smallest tribes in California, and the 
name properly begins with an h; they were known in the 
San Juan Bautista from all that section of California. The 
expedition went from Monterey to the Aguage de Martin 
and from there climbed the mountain. Some 40 exposures 
were made of the various rocks connected with the cere- 
monies and the springs and camps, and several hundred 
pages of notes were taken down in California Spanish from 
Don Angel and others dealing with the history of these cere- 
monies and the life of Mariana and Joaquin Murrieta. On 
the way back to the coast the Cruz Cervantes ranch was 
visited, where Murrieta and Mariana were equipped by 
Don Cruz for starting their war against the Americans. 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 9 

An examination of place names and village sites and 
linguistic studies occupied Mr. Harrington up to the end of 
June. Not only were vocabularies of early recording utilized 
but the invaluable records contained in the old mission books 
were, through the courtesy of Bishop McGinley, of Fresno, 
placed at the disposal of the Smithsonian Institution for 
copying, and a considerable part of these books has already 
been copied and revised with the aid of the oldest Indians. 

Dr. F. H. H. Roberts, jr., archeologist, devoted the fiscal 
year to a number of activities. During the months of July, 
August, and September, excavations at a site on the Zufii 
reservation, 16 miles northeast of the Indian village of Zuni, 
were brought to a conclusion. The work had been started 
the latter part of May, 1930. At the end of the season's 
field work the ruins of two houses, one containing 64 rooms, 
the other 20 rooms, and a number of ceremonial chambers 
had been cleared of the debris which had accumulated in 
them in the centuries which have passed since their 
abandomnent. 

Evidence showed that the largest of the houses had not 
been erected as a complete unit and that it was not occupied 
in its entirety at any time. The central block, together -vvith 
a superceremonial chamber placed at its southern side, 
constituted the original block of the structure. Subsequent 
additions consisted of an east-and-west wing and a series of 
chambers south of the original portion and east of the great 
ceremonial chamber. Masonry in the walls of the latter 
portions was inferior to that in the original section. The 
outlines of the rooms in these same portions of the building 
were so irregular that they appeared to have been buUt by a 
different group of people. The walls in the original section 
were constructed in a style characteristic of the ruins in the 
Chaco Canyon, 85 miles northeast from the Zuili region. 
The stonework in the latter portions of the buUding was 
suggestive of the tj^e found in the ruins of the Upper Gila 
area to the south. 

The small house did not give evidence of growth stages as 
distinct as those observed in the large building; it did show, 
however, that a fairly small structure had been added to on 



10 BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

various occasions. The walls in this building were of the 
same nature as those in the later portions of the larger dwell- 
ing, except that the stones were more carefully dressed. 
This suggested that the small house may have been built by 
the same group M'hich erected the later portions of the large 
one. 

In addition to the two houses and seven small ceremonial 
chambers two great kivas were found. Only one of these was 
excavated. In the case of the other it was possible merely to 
trace the outer walls in order to obtain the size and position 
of the structure. The finding of these two great kivas was 
significant because investigations in the Southwest have 
shown that such structures are always associated with some 
form of the Chaco culture. The great kiva connected with 
the larger of the two dwellings revealed one of the essential 
characteristics of such structures when the debris which 
filled it was removed. It had an average diameter of 55 
feet. The second of these large circular houses was com- 
pletely detached from the other buildings in the village and 
had been placed in a court formed by the other structures. 
It averaged 78 feet in diameter, which makes it the largest 
yet discovered. 

The excavations yielded 400 specimens of the people's 
handicraft in addition to the information on house types. 
Included in the collection are pottery vessels, tools or imple- 
ments of stone and bone, ornaments, and a number of stone 
images. The pottery is characterized by examples typical 
of the Chaco Canyon wares and also specimens characteristic 
of the Upper Gila region to the south. The summer's in- 
vestigations demonstrate that the village on the Zuni reser- 
vation belongs to the great period of the prehistoric pueblos ; 
that designated as Pueblo III in southwestern chronology. 
The evidence obtained also indicates that there was a fusion 
of two groups of people at this location: One, the first to 
arrive, came from the Chaco area in the north, and the other 
from the Upper Gila villages in the south. Charred timbers 
obtained from the ruins enabled Dr. A. E. Douglas, of the 
University of Arizona, to give the dates 1000 to 1030 A. D. 
for the life of the community. 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 11 

Upon the completion of the above work one week was spent 
in making an archeological survey on the Zuni reservation 
and in the region west and northwest from that district. As 
a result of the reconnaissance, a promising site for further 
investigations was found. Following this, a trip was made 
to Cortez, Colo., for the purpose of inspecting ruins being 
excavated by Lee Dawson near the opening into McElmo 
Canyon, 4 miles southwest from Cortez. It was found that 
Mr. Dawson had an unusually interesting group of unit-type 
houses on his property. Of particular interest were the 
kivas or ceremonial chambers associated with these struc- 
tures. In many of them the walls had been ornamented with 
a series of paintings placed in bands encircling the waUs. 
From Cortez the writer went to Denver and from there 
returned to Washington the middle of October. 

During the winter months, galley, page, and final proofs 
were read on Bulletin 100, a report on work conducted during 
the summer of 1929, entitled "The Ruins of Kiatuthlanna, 
Eastern Arizona." In addition, the specimens brought in 
from the summer field work were studied. Drawings and 
photographs were made of them for use in a report on the 
work. Six hundred pages of manuscript, entitled "The 
Village of the Great Kivas on the Zuni Reservation, New 
Mexico," was prepared. Thirty text figures were drawn to 
accompany this manuscript. 

Doctor Roberts left Washington May 14, 1931, for Den- 
ver, Colo., for the purpose of inspecting and studying the 
specimens obtained by the Smithsonian Institution-Univer- 
sity of Denver Cooperative Expedition in the summer of 
1930 and also for the purpose of examining collections in the 
Colorado State Museum. He left Denver on May 25 for 
Santa Fe, N. Mex. At the latter place two days were spent 
in studying the collections at the Laboratory of Anthropology 
and at the Museum of New Mexico. From Santa Fe he pro- 
ceeded to Gallup, N. Mex., where supplies were obtained for 
a field camp. From Gallup this material was taken to a site 
3/2 miles south of Allan town, Ariz., where a camp was estab- 
lished and excavations started on the remains of a large pit- 



12 BTJEEAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

house village. One refuse mound containing 12 burials 
with accompanying mortuary offerings and two pit houses 
had been investigated at the close of the fiscal year. 

The pit houses were found to be characteristic of that tyj^e 
and quite comparable to those excavated in the Chaco Can- 
yon in 1927, reported in Bulletin 92 of the Bureau of Ameri- 
can Ethnology, and to those excavated in eastern Arizona 
in the summer of 1929, described in Bulletin 100 of the bureau. 

From July 1, 1930, to May 10, 1931, J. N. B. Hewitt, 
ethnologist, was engaged in routine office work, and from the 
latter date to the end of the fiscal year he was engaged in 
field service on the Grant of the SLx Nations on the Grand 
River in Ontario, Canada, and, briefly, on the Tuscarora 
reservation in western New York State. 

Mr. Hewitt devoted much time and study to rearranging 
and retyping some of his native Iroquoian texts which criti- 
cal revisions and additional data had made necessary to 
facilitate interlinear translations and to render such texts as 
legible as possible for the printer. 

The texts so treated are the Cayuga version of the founding 
of the League of the Iroquois as dictated by the late Chief 
Abram Charles; the version of the Eulogy of the Founders 
as dictated by Chief Jacob Hess in Cayuga, and also his 
versions of the addresses introducing the several chants; also, 
four of the myths of the Wind and Vegetable Gods which are 
usually represented by wooden faces and husk faces (which 
are customarily misnamed masks, although their chief pur- 
pose is to represent, not to mask). The Onondaga texts of 
these myths were in great need of careful revision, for their 
relator was extremely careless in his use of the persons and 
the tenses of the verbs, frequently changing from the third 
to the second person and from past to future time by uncon- 
sciously employing the language of the rites peculiar to the 
faces; and also the decipherment of a set of pictographs or 
mnemonic figures, designed and employed by the late Chief 
Abram Charles, of the Grand River Reservation in Canada, 
to recall to his mind the official names and their order of the 
49 federal chiefs of the Council of the League of the Iroquois, 
in chanting the Eulogy of the Founders of the League; and 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 13 

also to recall the 15 sections or burdens of the great Requick- 
ening Address of the Council of Condolence and Installation ; 
this paper with illustrations is nearly ready for the printer; 
and also a critical study of the matter of the Onondaga and 
the Cayuga texts, giving the several variant versions of the 
events attending the birth and childhood and work of 
Deganawida. He was born of a virgin mother, which indi- 
cated that underlying them there appeared to be an ideal 
figure, although of course unexpressed. This discovery 
showed the need for thorough search in the field for a living 
tradition in which this ideal is fully expressed. Further 
search was deferred to field work. It was clear that such an 
ideal enhanced the beauty of the birth story of Deganawida 
and made more interesting the historicity of such a person. 
Mr. Hewdtt had the great satisfaction of recovering such a 
tradition in his subsequent field researches. He found that 
the inferiority complex had precluded his present informants 
from expressing themselves during the lifetime of other 
informants, whose recent deaths opened their mouths without 
the fear of contradiction. The death of Abram Charles 
within the year made these shy informants vocal. 

In January Matthew W. Stirling, chief of the Bureau of 
American Ethnology, requested Mr. Hewitt to undertake the 
editing of the Manuscript Journal of Rudolph Friederich 
Kurz, of Berne, Switzerland, in the manner in which he had 
prepared the Edwin Thompson Denig Report on the Indian 
Tribes of the Upper Missouri River, published in the Forty- 
SLxth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 
The Kurz manuscript was written in German during the 
years 1846 to 1852. The typed German text consists of 454 
pages of large legal-cap size, while the English translation 
of it by Myrtis Jarrell occupies 780 pages. The journal is a 
narrative of Mr. Kurz's experiences in a trip up the Missis- 
sippi River from New Orleans to St. Louis, thence up the 
Missouri to Fort Union at the mouth of the Yellowstone 
River, and of his difficulties with the Indians while endeavor- 
ing to make drawings or pictures of them. There are 125 
pen sketches of Indians and others accompanying the 
manuscript. 



14 BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

Mr. Hewitt represents the Bureau of American Ethnology, 
Smithsonian Institution, on the United States Geographic 
Board, and is a member of its executive committee. In 
connection with the forthcoming issue of the sixth report of 
this board much extra work had to be done by members of 
the executive committee. Mr. Hewitt prepared a memo- 
randum for a portion of the introduction. Mr. Hewitt also 
devoted much time and study to the collection and prepara- 
tion of data for official replies to correspondents of the 
bureau, some demanding long research. Miss Mae W. 
Tucker has assisted Mr. Hewitt in the care of the manuscript 
and phonograph and photograph records of the archives. 

On May 10, 1931, Mr. Hewitt left Washington, D. C, on 
field duty and returned to the bureau July 2, 1931. During 
this trip he visited the Grand River grant of the Six Nations 
of Iroquois Indians dwelling near Brantford, Canada, and 
also the Tuscarora Reservation near Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Winslow M. Walker was appointed to the staff of the 
Bureau of American Ethnology as associate anthropologist in 
March, 1931. He resumed his research in Hawaiian arche- 
ology, begun during a year's stay in the Hawaiian Islands in 
1929, in preparation for a paper on Hawaiian sculpture. 

In preparation for work in the field Mr. Walker undertook 
research in the early narratives of exploration in Louisiana 
and Arkansas. He left Washington May 29 to investigate 
some caves in the vicinity of Gilbert, Ark., in the Ozark 
Mountains, with the hope of being able to throw new light on 
the Ozark bluff dwellers and other early inhabitants of the 
caves. SLxteen caves were explored and excavations were 
made in several of the most promising. A large cave at 
Cedar Grove yielded several skeletons and a considerable 
number of stone, flint, and bone artifacts. As the fiscal year 
closed Mr. Walker was still engaged in excavating this 
cavern. He intends to make a brief survey of certain 
mounds and village sites along the Red River Valley in the 
northern part of Louisiana on the completion of his work in 
Arkansas. 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 15 

SPECIAL RESEARCHES 

The study of Indian music for the Bureau of American 
Ethonology has been carried forward during the past year by 
Miss Frances Densmore. The three phases of this research 
are (1) the recording of songs and collecting of other material 
in the field, including the purchase of specimens; (2) the 
transcription and analysis of songs, with the development of 
information ; and (3) the preparation of material for publica- 
tion. All these phases have received attention during the 
year, and the songs of three hitherto unstudied localities have 
been recorded. 

Early in July, 1930, Miss Densmore went to Grand 
Portage, an isolated Chippewa village on Lake Superior, near 
the Canadian boundary. This village was visited in 1905, a 
ceremony was witnessed, and one of its songs written down; 
therefore a return to Grand Portage was particularly inter- 
esting. The purpose of the trip was to witness the Chippewa 
dances on the Fourth of July, but she remained more than 
three weeks, continuing her study of native customs. Sev- 
eral songs of the Wabunowin were heard and translated, these 
resembling the songs of the Grand Medicine, which formed a 
subject of intensive study during 1907-1911. She also 
witnessed the tipi-shaking of an Indian medicine man and 
listened to his songs for almost an hour. This performance 
is very rare at the present time. Although the evening was 
quiet, the tipi was seen to sway as though buffeted by a 
tempest, then remain motionless a few seconds and again 
shake convulsively. This was continuous while Miss Dens- 
more watched the performance and was said to have con- 
tinued several hours afterwards. Inside the tipi sat the 
medicine man, believed to be talking with spirits whom he 
had summoned, the spirits making known their presence by 
the shaking of the conical structure. The next day the 
medicine man said that he had summoned the spirits in order 
to ascertain whether his treatment of a certain sick man 
would be successful. He said that if the spirits "spoke 
loud and clear" the man would recover, but if theii' voices 



16 BXJREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

were faint the man would die. The response was said to 
have been satisfactory, and accordingly he instituted a 
"beneficial dance," which was attended by Miss Densmore, 
and the songs heard for a considerable time. These, like the 
songs in the tipi, resembled the songs of the Chippewa Grand 
Medicine Society. 

The study of Indian music was continued by a trip to 
Kilbourn, Wis., during August and September. Two pag- 
eants are given simultaneously at the Dalles of the Wisconsin 
River, near Kilbourn, each employing about 100 Indians. 
In the pageants the swan and hoop dance, as well as war and 
social dances of the Winnebago, were seen. The dances of 
other tribes presented in the pageants included the eagle 
dance and other pueblo dances. Songs of the swan, hoop, 
and frog dances were later recorded by leading pageant 
singers. 

At KUbourn Miss Densmore recorded numerous songs of 
Pueblo Indians from Isleta and Cochiti, these consisting 
chiefly of corn-grinding and war songs. The words of these 
songs are highly poetic and many of the melodies resemble 
Acoma songs in structure. 

As John Bearskin and his family were traveling from Kil- 
bourn to their home in Nebraska they passed through Red 
Wing, Minn., and songs were recorded at Miss Densmore's 
home. Bearskin recorded three complete sets of the Winne- 
bago medicine lodge songs and a set of Buffalo feast songs. 

In January, 1931, Miss Densmore went to Washington, 
where she worked on the preparation of material for pubh- 
cation, and proceeded thence to Miami, Fla., where she 
began a study of Seminole music, recording songs of the 
corn dance from the man who leads the singing in that 
ceremony; also the songs that precede a hunting expedition. 
The customs of the Seminole were studied and a collection 
of specunens was obtained. This collection includes two 
complete costumes and is now the property of the United 
States National Museum. 

The second phase of the research is represented by eight 
manuscripts which include the transcriptions and analyses 
of 77 songs and two flute melodies recorded by Winnebago, 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 17 

Isleta, Cochiti, and Seminole Indians. The cumulative anal- 
yses of Indian songs has been continued and now com- 
prises 1,553 songs. The 14 tables submitted during this 
year constitute a comparison between a large series of 
Nootka and QuUeute songs and the songs previously analyzed 
by the same method. 

The third phase of work comprised the preparation for 
pubhcation of "Menominee Music" and "Acoma Music." 

Frank M. Setzler, assistant curator, division of archeology, 
United States National IMuseum, was detailed to the bureau 
for the purpose of conducting an archeological investigation 
in Texas. After briefly examining several sites at Victoria 
and BrownsvUle along the Gulf coast, he excavated four 
caves and one rock shelter on the MoUie B. Knight ranch, in 
Presidio County, and visited several other caverns in the 
vicinity. 

From one large cave a total of 70 specimens, including 
baskets, matting, cradles, sandals, beads, corn, gourd shards, 
and one skeleton, were recovered. No pottery or evidence 
of European influence was found. Although the site is only 
150 miles east of a marginal Basket-Maker culture, no local 
trace was found of these early southwestern people. The 
material differs in some respects from any other in the 
Museiun and more research will be required before it can be 
definitely identified. 

EDITORIAL WORK AND PUBLICATIONS 

The editing of the publications of the bureau was con- 
tinued through the year by Stanley Searles, editor, assisted 
by Mrs. Frances S. Nichols, editorial assistant. The status 
of the publications is presented in the following summary: 

PUBLICATJONS ISSUED 

Forty-fiftb Annual Report. Accompanying papers: The Salishan 
Tribes of the Western Plateaus (Teit, edited by Boas) ; Tattooing 
and Face and Body Painting of the Thompson Indians, British 
Cohimbia (Teit, edited by Boas) ; The Etlmobotany of the Thomp- 
son Indians of British Columbia (Steedman); The Osage Tribe: 
Rite of the Wa-xo-be (La Flesche). vii + 857 pp., 29 pis., 47 figs. 



18 BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

Forty-sixth Annual Report. Accompanying papers: Anthropological 
Survey in Alaska (HrdliCka); Report to the Honorable Isaac S. 
Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory, on the Indian Tribes 
of the Upper Missouri (Denig, edited by Hewitt), vii+654 pp., 
80 pis., 35 figs. 

Bulletin 96. Early Pueblo Ruins in the Piedra District, Southwest- 
ern Colorado (Roberts). Lx+ 190 pp., 55 pis., 40 figs. 

Bulletin 97. The Kamia of Imperial Valley (Gifford). vii + 94 pp., 2 
pis., 4 figs. 

Bulletin 100. The Ruins at Kiatuthlanna, Eastern Arizona (Roberts). 
viii+ 195 pp., 47 pis., 31 figs. 



PUBLICATIONS IN 

Forty-seventh Annual Report. Accompanying papers: The Acoma 

Indians (Wliite); Isleta, New Mexico (Parsons); Introduction to 

Zuni Ceremoniahsm (Bunzel); Zuni Origin Myths (Bunzel); Zuni 

Ritual Poetry (Bunzel); Zuiii Katcinas (Bunzel). 
Bulletin 94. Tobacco Among the Karuk Indians of Cahfornia 

(Harrington). 
Bulletin 98. Tales of the Cocliiti Indians (Benedict). 
Bulletin 99. Cherokee Sacred Formulas and Medicinal Prescriptions 

(Mooney and Olbrechts). 
Bulletin 102. Menominee Music (Densmore). 
Bulletin 103. Source Material for the Social and Ceremonial Life of 

the Choctaw Indians (Swanton). 
Bulletin 104. A survey of the Ruins in the Region of Flagstaff, 

Arizona (Colton). 
Bulletin 105. Notes on the Wapanowiweni (Michelson). 

DISTRIBUTION OF PUBLICATIONS 
The distribution of the pubUcations of the bureau has been 
continued under the charge of Miss Helen Munroe, assisted 
by Miss Emma B. Powers. PubUcations distributed were 
as follows: 

Annual Report volumes and separates 6, 003 

Bulletins and separates 13,924 

Contributions to North American Ethnology 33 

Miscellaneous publications 515 

Total 20,475 

As compared with the fiscal year ended June 30, 1930, 
there was a decrease of 4,393. This decrease is mainly in 
the distribution of bulletins and separates, and possibly is 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 19 

largely explained by the very large number of separates from 
the Handbook which were sent in the previous year to the 
many groups of Camp Fire Girls. No great demand from 
any one group was received during the past fiscal year. 

Twenty-eight addresses were added to the mailing list 
during the year and 20 were taken off. The mailing list now 
stands at 1,635 in addition to the members of the staff of 
the bureau and other branches of the Institution who receive 
the publications regularly as issued. 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

Following is a summary of work accomplished in the illus- 
tration branch of the bureau under the supervision of De 
Lancey Gill, illustrator: 
Photographs and dra wrings retouched, lettered, and otherwise 

made ready for engraving 748 

Drawings made, including maps, diagrams, etc 48 

Engravers' proofs criticized 524 

Printed editions of colored plates examined at Government 

Printing Office 7, 000 

Correspondence attended to (letterb) 135 

Photographs selected and catalogued for private publication . 310 
Photolaboratory work by Dr. A. J. Olmsted, National Museum, 
in cooperation with the Bureau of American Ethnology: 

Negatives 154 

Prints 335 

Lantern slides 91 

Films developed from field exposures 48 

During the early part of the calendar year Miss Mae W. 
Tucker was detailed to this branch to assist in listing and 
cataloguing the great collection of Indian negatives already 
classified by Mr. Gill in previous years. Of the purely 
ethnologic subjects, including portraits, arts, and industries, 
the list will embrace more than 7,000 units. This work, 
so long delayed, has progressed most satisfactorily. 

LIBRARY 

The reference hbrary has continued under the care of Miss 
Ella Leary, Ubrarian, assisted by Thomas BlackweU. 

During the year 600 volumes were accessioned, of which 97 ' 
were acquired by purchase, 100 by binding of periodicals, 



20 BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

and 403 by gift and exchange; also 190 pamphlets and 3,500 
serials, chiefly the pubHcations of learned societies, were 
received and recorded, of which 28 were obtained by pur- 
chase, the remainder being received through exchange, giv- 
ing us at the close of the year a working library of 26,671 
volumes, 16,717 pamphlets, and several thousand unbound 
periodicals. Books loaned during the year numbered 975 
volumes. During the year 473 volumes were bound. In 
addition to the use of its own library, which is becoming more 
valuable through exchange and by lunited purchase, it was 
found necessary to draw on the Library of Congress for the 
loan of about 250 volumes, and in turn the bureau library was 
frequently consulted by officers of other Government estab- 
lishments, as well as by students not connected with the 
Smithsonian Institution. The purchase of books and peri- 
odicals has been restricted to such as relate to the bureau's 
researches. During the year the cataloguing has been 
carried on as new accessions were acquired and good progress 
was made in cataloguing ethnologic and related articles in 
the earlier serials. The catalogue was increased by the addi- 
tion of 3,500 cards. A considerable amount of reference work 
was done in the usual course of the library's service to 
investigators and students, both in the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution and outside. 

COLLECTIONS 

Accession No. 

1 1 1046. Human skeletal material from a gravel bed along the Patuxent 
River, Md., collected by T. Dale Stewart on June 16, 1930. 
(12 specimens.) 

111697. About 100 crania and parts of skeletons from Safety Harbor, 
Fla., collected by M. W. Stirling. (139 specimens.) 

111961. Miniature clay toys made by Navajo Indian children and 
collected by Dr. W. H. Spinks at Chin Lee, Aj-iz., and 1.5 
snapshots. (37 specimens.) 

112277. Collection of 802 ivory specimens, etc., secured by Dr. A. 
Hrdlicka along the Kuskokwim in 1930 from funds sup- 
plied by the bureau. (802 specbuens.) 

112393. Archeological and skeletal material collected by Dr. F. H. H. 
Roberts, jr., during the summer of 1929 from a site in 
Aiizona. (553 specimens.) 



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT 21 

112888. Archeological material from the vicinity of Tampa Bay, Fla., 
collected by M. W. Stirling in 1930. (115 specimens.) 

114648. Skeletal material from Horrs Island, Collier County, Fla., 
collected during Februan' and March, 1931, by M. W. 
Stirling. (150 specimens.) 

PROPERTY 

Office equipment was purchased to the amount of $571.25. 

MISCELLANEOUS 

The correspondence and other clerical work of the office has 
been conducted by Miss May S. Clark, clerk to the chief, 
assisted by Anthony W. Wilding, clerk. Miss Mae W. 
Tucker, stenographer, was engaged in copying manuscript 
material for Doctor Swanton and in assisting Mr. Hewitt in 
his work as custodian of manuscripts and phonograph rec- 
ords. The manuscript Dictionary of * * * Indian Lan- 
guages of North, Central, and South America and the West 
Indies, compiled by W. R. Gerard, which was in danger of 
becoming illegible due to the frayed condition of the paper 
on which it was written and the faded writing, has been 
copied by Miss Tucker. Work was begun on the catalogue 
of the photographic negatives belonging to the bureau. To 
date approximately 7,000 negatives have been listed. 

During the course of the year information was furnished 
by members of the staff in reply to numerous inquiries con- 
cerning the North American Indians, both past and present, 
and the Mexican peoples of the prehistoric and early historic 
periods to the south. Various specmiens sent to the bureau 
were identified and data on them furnished for their owners. 

Personnel. — Winslow M. Walker was appointed as asso- 
ciate anthropologist on the staff of the bureau on March 6, 
1931. 

Miss May S. Clark, clerk, retired .lune 30, 1931. 

Respectfully submitted. 

M. W. Stirling, Chief. 

Dr. C. G. Abbot, 

Secretary, Smithsonian Institution. 



ACCOMPANYING PAPER 



GENERAL INDEX 

ANNUAL REPORTS 

OF THE 

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY 

Vols. 1 to 48 

(1879 TO 1931) 
[Washington, D. C, 1881-19331 

COMPILED BY 

BIREN BONNERJEA 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Preface 29 

Subject index 33 

List of annual reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology 1185 

Index to authors and titles 1205 

Obituary 1221 

95719°— 33 3 27 



PREFACE 

To the cultural anthropologist, as also to the archeologist, the United 
States of America offer an unusually rich field in being a region where 
civilized and primitive races exist side by side, where languages be- 
longing to totally different linguistic stocks are still spoken by isolated 
tribes differing from each other in their cultural and physical aspects, 
and where traces of lost civilizations indicating the antiquity of man 
are being unearthed every day. The Bureau of American Ethnology, 
since its beginning in 1879, has attempted to preserve these ancient 
records for posterity; and its annual reports are a veritable storehouse 
of information on languages and customs of tribes, many of whom 
have already disappeared and others are fast disappeaiing. In fact, 
it would be safe to assert that there is no one series of books containing 
so nnich material about the North American aborigines as these annual 
reports. 

The present index had its origin some years ago when, on my arrival 
in America, I frequently had occasion to use the annual reports. Out 
of the vast amount of material contained in some 30,000 pages it was 
often extremely difhcidt, if not altogether impossible, to find any par- 
ticular item. To save time and trouble I collected certain references 
to subjects in wliich 1 was interested. It then occurred to me that a 
general index to the reports might be useful to others too, and on my 
suggesting the matter to the Chief of the Bureau of American Etlmol- 
ogy it met with his approval. So what began as a mere handful of 
references of a very special nature has ended in being a general index. 

Originally it was my intention to include only those volumes which 
were published during the first 50 years -of the existence of the bureau, 
but owing to technical and other difficulties it was found ad^^sable to 
publish my "Index" as the accompanying paper to the Forty-eighth 
Aimual Report. Therefore, after my whole manuscript was prepared 
and ready for the press, I included in it the report for the fifty-first 
year of the bureau. Moreover, owing to the portly proportions this 
work has already assumed, my former plan of including an index to 
illustrations had to be abandoned. I hope, however, to be able to 
pubhsh this at some future date. 

It is my pleasant duty to thank, first of all, the Chief of the Bureau 
of American Ethnology, Mr. Matthew W. Stirling, for allowing this 
paper to be published in the series of annual reports, and for the 
uniformly courteous treatment I have received from him. 

Dr. Truman Michelson and Dr. John R. Swanton, both of the same 
bureau, have very kindly given me the benefit of their wide experience, 
and have offered me many valuable hints on how an index may be of 



30 GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS [eth. ann. 48 

the utmost value to its user. I take this opportunity of expressing my 
gratitude to them ; but I wish it to be understood that they are in no 
way responsible for any mistakes I may have made. 

I also must not forget to express my genuine appreciation of the 
excellent indexing work of Mrs. Frances S. Nichols, without which 
my labor would have been considerably increased. For indexing the 
reports of the last few years I have done very little except to classify 
and rearrange the work of Mrs. Nichols, with slight additions and 
alterations here and there in order to obtain uniformity for the whole 
work. 

I also wish to thank all the officials of the Bureau of American Eth- 
nology with whom I came in contact during my frequent visits to 
that institution for their unfailing courtesy and wiUing cooperation. 

BiREN BONNERJEA. 

Washington, D. C, December 25, 1931. 



INDEX REFERENCES 

The references in the index are as follows: 

Vol. 2 Ziini (pp. 3-45); Iroquois (pp. 47-116); Navaho (pp. 167-178). 

Vol. 3 Omaha (pp. 205-370); Navaho (pp. 371-391). 

Vol. 5 Cherokee (pp. 121-378); Navaho (pp. 379-467); Seminole (pp. 

469-531); Zuni (from p. 533). 
Vol.6 Maya (pp. 253-371); Osage (pp. 373-397); Central Eskimo 

(from p. 399) . 

Vol. 7 Ojibwa (pp. 143-300); Clierokee (pp. 301-397). 

Vol. 8 Navaho (from p. 229). 

Vol. 9 Point Barrow Eskimo (to p. 441); Apache (from p. 443). 

Vol. 11 Sis (to p. 157); Eskimo of Ungava District (pp. 159-350); 

Siouan tribes (from p. 351). 

Vol. 13 Omaha (pp. 263-288); Zuni (from p. 321). 

Vol. 14 Menomini (top. 328). 

Vol. 15 Siouan tribes (pp. 153-244); Tusayan (pp. 245-313). 

Vol. 16 Peruvian (to p. 72); Maya (pp. 199-265); Tusayan (from p. 

267). 
Vol. 17 Seri (pp. 1-128, 129*-344*); Kiowa (pp. 129-445); Navaho 

(pp. 469-517). 

Vol. 18 Eskimo of Bering Strait (to p. 518). 

Vol. 19 Cherokee (top. 548); Tusayan (pp. 573-653. 957-1011); Maya 

(pp. 693-819). 

Vol. 21 Hopi (to p. 126); Iroquois (from p. 127). 

Vol. 22. i Maya (pp. 197-305). 

Vol. 22, ii Pawnee. 

Vol. 23 Zuni. 

Vol. 25 Porto Rican (to p. 320). 

Vol. 26 Pima (to p. 389); Tlingit (from p. 391). 

Vol. 27 Omaha. 

Vol.28 Tewo Indians. 

Vol. 30 Zuni (to. p. 102"): Guiana Indians (from p. 103). 

Vol.31 Tsimshian. 

Vol. 32 Seneca Indian. 

Vol. 33 Hawaiian (from p. 285). 

Vol. 34 Antillean . 

Vol. 35 Kwakiutl. 

Vol. 36 Osage. 

Vol.37 Winnebago. 

Vol.38 Guiana Indian. 

Vol. 39 Osage. 

Vol.40 Fox Indian. 

Vol. 42 Creek Indian (to p. 672). 

V'ol. 43 Osage (to p. 164); Wawenock (pp. 165-197); Mohegan (pp. 

199-287); Picuris (pp. 289-447); Iroquois (from p. 449). 

Vol. 44 Chickasaw (pp. 169-273); Chippewa (pp. 275-397). 

Vol. 45 Salishan tribes (to p. 396); Thompson Indians (pp. 397-522); 

Osage (from p. 523). 

Vol. 46 Alaska (to p. 374); Upper Missouri tribes (from p. 375). 

Vol. 47 Acoma (to p. 192); Isleta (pp. 193-466); Zuni (from p. 467). 

31 



32 GENERAL INDEX TO ANNLTAL REPORTS [eth. asn. 49 

And according to tribal classification they are as follows 
Acoma, 47; Alaska, 46; Antillean, 34; Apache, 9; Assiniboin, 46; Bering Strait, 
Eskimo of, 18; Central Eskimo, 6; Cherokee, 5, 7, 19; Chickasaw, 44; Chippewa 
44; Coeur d'Alene, 45; Creek, 42; Eskimo, Central, 6; Eskimo of Bering Strait. 
18; Eskimo of Point Barrow, 9; Eskimo of Ungava District, 11; Flathead, 45 
Fox, 40; Guiana Indian, 30, 38; Hawaiian, 33; Hopi, 21; Iroquois, 2, 21. 43 
Isleta, 47; Kiowa, 17; Kwakiutl, 35; Maya, 6, 16, 19, 22, i; Menomini. 14 
Mohegan, 43; Navaho, 2, 3, 5, 8, 17; Ojibwa, 7; Okanagon, 45; Omaha, 3, 13 
27; Osage, 6, 36, 39, 43, 45; Pawnee, 22, ii; Peru, 16; Picuris, 43; Pima, 26; 
Point Barrow Eskimo, 9; Porto Rico. 25; Salishan tribes, 45; Seminole, 5; 
Seneca, 32; Seri, 17; Sia, 11; Siouan tribes, 11, 15; Tewa, 28; Thompson Indians, 
45; Tlingit, 26; Tsimshian, 31; Tusayan, 15, 16, 19; Ungava District, Eskimo 
of, 11; Upper Missouri tribes, 46; Wawenock, 43; Winnebago, 37; Zuni, 2, 5, 
13, 23, 30, 47. 



Part I 
SUBJECT INDEX 



PART I. SUBJECT INDEX 



A'akakimbawi'ut, Caddo name of 

Ghost Dance 14: 791. 
AaltG 

fraternities, ceremonies celebrated tiy 

21: 23. 
religious society at Walpi, sources 

and census of 19: 623, 627. 
See also Alosaka. 
A' -an Hi'tiipaki, Pima village 26: 

24. 
Aa'ninena 

an Arapaho division 14: 955. 
an .\rapaho synonym 14: 1013. 
Aanonte. See Dohasan. 
Aanu'hawa, an Arapaho division 

14: 9.56. 
Aapap Anton. See Maricopa An- 

toine. 
Aape. See Ape. 
Abacu, a mnemonic device of Chinese 

and Greeks 10: 226. 
Abagh day symbol discussed 16: 

229. 
Abalone 

blanket covered with 35: 701,777, 

778. 
hat covered with 35: 701, 777, 778. 
in Tlingit mythology 26: 459. 
Tlingit and Haida names for 
26: 476. 
Abalone Bow, explanation of, tale of 

31: 284, S35. 
Abalone Names 35: 1267, 1275. 
of the Awiklenox", origin of 35: 

1261. 
of the Gwa'sEla, origin of 35: 1269. 
Abalone Shell, game called 47: 241. 
Abalone Shells 35: 685, 777, 1069, 
1262, 1272. 
beads of 44: 164 sq. 
dishes of 44: 146 sq. 
fishhooks made of 44: 139. 
gorgets of 44: 139. 
ornaments of 28: 143. 
pendants of 44: 149, 150, 153. 



Abalone Shells — Continued 

rim pendants of 44: 148. 

ring-shaped ornaments of 44: 154. 

used as no;<e ornament 31: 53. 
Abbe, Prof. Cleveland, eclipse ex- 
plained to the Indians by 4: 125. 
Abbes, H. 46: 367. 
Abbott, Judge A. J., references to 

29: 410, 423. 
Abbott, C. C. 46: 332, 333, 351. 

cited 12: 680, 702, 705, 706. 

definition of gorgets by 13: 117. 

described bird totems 2: 284. 

designation of turtlebacks 13: 136. 

Eskimo charms and amulets 13: 
115. 

jasper clubs 13: 143. 

Kiowa ceremonial image 13: 116. 

on abundance of stone axes 13: 63. 

on capture of tauHe 17: 325. 

plummet found in mortar by 13: 
98. 

stone sinkers 13: 97. 

turtleback finds of, discussed 15: 
30. 

use of bird-shape stones 13: 98. 

use of perforated stones 13: 98. 
Abbott, — , on effect of Georgia anti- 
Cherokee laws 19: 118. 
Abbreviated Katcina 

dances, description of 21: 56. 

fraternities taking part in 21: 23. 

of Tusayan 15: 2.54, 292. 

See also Soyohim Katcinas. 
Abbreviations 

in signs 1 : 338. 

key to 30: 107, 113-116. 
Abeita, Felipe, a governor 47:254. 
Abeita, Juan, Isleta informant 47: 

201. 
Abeita, Juan Trinida, a governor 

47: 254. 
Abeita, Pablo 

a Federal judge 47: 254. 

story concerning 47: 207. 
Abeita, Bufina, mention of 47: 258, 
35 



36 



GENEEAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Abell, W. H., Kiowa agent in 1S04 

17: 226. 
Abenaki Indians 

retirement of, to Canada 43: 175. 
territory occupied by 43: 170. 
See also Abnakis; Abnaquies. 
Abenaki of Becancour, a synonym <if 

Wawenock 43: 173. 
Abenaki, St. Francis. S<:i; St. Fran- 
cis Abenaki. 
Abert, Lieut. J. W. 
on Chibili 29: 531. 
on Cochiti 29: 439. 
on Poguate 29: 539. 
on San Felipe 29: 500. 
on Santo Domingo 29: 449. 
Abies Balsamea 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 299. 
use of 44: 299. 
Abies Grandis 45: 462, 482, 496, 

509. 
Abies sp. 45: 462, 484. 
Abihka 

a White town 42: 254. 
ceremonial title of 42: 307, 614. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and 

henihas 42: 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42 : 

158, 159. 
connection of, with origin of Upper 

Creeks 42: 40. 
early history of 42 : 50. 
legendary association of, with Co- 
weta 42: 53. 
mention of 42: 36, 348. 
one of four leading towns 42: 548. 
the gateway to the Creek country 
42: 307. 
Abihka-in-the-West 

allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 206, 208. 
clan council of 42: 123. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 
has 42: 192. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42: 

158 sq. 
position of beds at 42: 198. 
Upper Creek White town 42: 123, 
254. 



42: 



Abihka, near Eufaula. 

allocation of clans in beds at 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 206, 207. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 
has 42: 192. 
position of beds at 42: 198. 
Abihkutci 

allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 212, 221. 
clan council of 42: 124. 
elans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 
has 42: 192. 
position of beds at 42: 198. 
Upper Creek White town 42:198. 
Abingdon, Va. 

early names for 42: 759. 
trails near 42: 750, 758, 759. 
Abiquin (Abiquiu), treaty of 

780. 
Abiquiu 

ancient cemetery of 1: 111. 
New Mexico, petroglyphs near 

97. 
New Mexico, pottery of 4: 282. 
site of ancient Josoge 19: 611. 
Ablutions 

of corpse 38: § 857. 
of sick persons 38: § 922. 
Abnaki 

devices 4: 152, 153. 
games of the — 

racket 24: 571. 

tossed baU 24: 708. 
genesis of the 14: 87. 
jugglery among the 14: 145. 
pictography of the 14: xxxii. 
region, extent of 20: 167 sq. 
totemic marks of the 14: 65. 
ware of the 20: 179 sq. 
Abnaki Dictionary, manuscript of 

29: 23. 
Abnaki, French protection of 18: 

549. 
Abnaki Indians 

birch-bark pictographs of 10: 201, 

213 sq., 468 sq. 
designation of Queen Victoria by 

10: 443. 



18: 



10: 



SUBJECT INDEX 



37 



Abnaki Indians — Continued 

gods of, presiding over petroglyphs 

10: 32. 
intelligence communicated by 1 : 

369. 
masks worn as insignia of authority 

by women of 10: 425. 
notices of direction and time used 

by 10: 334. 
observations on 22 i: x. 
petroglyphs of 10: 32. 
population 7: 48. 
shell beads of 5 : xxxvi. 
study of pictographs of 10: xii 
wikhegan, or birch-bark letter of 

10: 330 sq. 
Abnaki Language 

description of 28: 2S.3-2S7, 2S9, 

290. 
examples in comparison with 28: 

Cree 238, 239. 

Delaware 238, 290. 

Fox 238, 239. 

Micmac 238. 

Natick 290. 

Ojibwa 290. 

Passamaq noddy 239. 

Peoria 238, 239. 

Shawnee 238, 239. 

Stockbridge 238, 239. 
pronunciation of 28: 228. 
relationship 28: 289. 
Abnaki Tribe 

linguistic investigations among 28: 

225. 
reference to 28: 290. 
Abnaquies 

tribes composing 43: 170. 

See also Abnaki; Abnaki Indians; 

etc. 
Abore Indians, identification of 30: 

119. 
Aboriginal Centres of migratory dis- 
tribution 3: 151. 
Aboriginal Mines and Guarries 

24: XI sq. 
Aboriginal Remains 24: xi. 

in Verde Valley 13: 185-261. 
Aborigines of West Indies, 

on, by J. W. Fewkes 37: 7. 
Abortion 

among the Pima 26: 186. 
description of 30: 246; 38: § 91 
means used to produce 48: 521. 



Abortion — Continued 
medicine used in 30: 52. 
Menomini, produced by use of hair 
14: 286. 
Abraded Stone Implements, dis- 
cussed 15: 94. 
Abrading, implements produced by 

15: 27, 148. 
Abrading Implements, illustrated 

15: 104. 
Abraham, — , murder of 19: 65,66. 
Abram, Charles 
death of 48: 13. 
information furnished by 41 : 8. 
Abram's Falls, Va., mention of 42: 

751. 
Absaroka, a synonym for Crow {q. o.). 
customs of 4: -55,166,230. 
headdress of 10: 753 s?. 
investigation of the 14: xxxiv. 
sign for medicine man of 10: 466. 
reference to beliefs of 11: 505. 
tribal designation of 10: 380. 
tribal signs for 1 : 458. 
war color of 10: 631. 
Absariike. See Crow Indians. 
Abscess, treatment of 38: § 929. 
Absentee Shawnee, land cessions and 
reservations by 18: 850,8.56,902, 
940. 
Abstinence, forms of 47: 504 sqq. 
Abstract Ideas 

expressed in signs 1: 348. 
pictured 4: 233. 
used pictorially 10: 
after 585. 
age 585 sq. 
bad 586. 
before 586. 
big 586 sq. 
center 587. 
deaf 587. 
direction 588. 
disease 588 sqq. 
fast 590. 



sq. 



fear 590 sq. 
freshet 59 
good 592. 
high 592 sq. 
lean 593 sq. 
little 594 sq. 
lone 595 sq. 
many; much 596. 
obscure 597. 
opposition 597 sq. 



38 



GENERAL INDEX TO AXXCJAL REPORTS 



Abstract Ideas — Continued 

used pictorially 10 — continued 
possession 598. 
prisoner 598 sqq. 
short 600. 
sight 600 sq. 
slow 601. 
taU 601 sq. 
trade 603. 
union 603 sq. 
whirlwind 604 sq. 
winter; cold; snow 605 sq. 
Acacia Greggii, Pima food plant 

26: 76. 
Academy of Sciences Museum 46: 

235. 
Acapulco 

departure of Alarcon from 14: 403. 
departure of UUoa from 14: 369. 
port on coast of New Spain 14: 

385. 
rendezvous for Alvarado's fleet 14: 
409. 
Acatl 

day symbol discussed 16: 245. 
meaning of 16: 227. 
Acaxee, medicine tubes 13: 127. 
Acaxes Indians of Culiacan 14: 514. 
Acaxers and Yaquis, cairn burial 1 : 

143. 
Access to cliflf villages 16: 144, 157, 

158. 
Accidents, cause of 30: 241. 
Accomac, mention of 42: 694. 
Accomacke Indians, grants of land to 

18: .567. 
Accompanying Paper 24: xxxix .sg. 
characterization of 13: xliv; 14: 

1; 17: LXiii-Lxxiii. 
note on 28: 21. 
noticed 9: xlii-xlvi. 
Accouchement 

among the Guiana Indians 38: 

§ 904-906. 
among the Omahas 3: 201. 
See also Pregnancy. 
Accounting, pictographic methods of 

10: 259-264. 
Accounts 

method of keeping 46: 420 sq. 
of Bureau 24: xxxv. 
Acculturation 3: Lxvi. 

between Isleta and Laguna 47: 351. 
CathoUc 47: 203, 205 sg. 



Acculturation — Continued, 
factors in 47: 56. 
of the Indians 14: xxxiv. 
study of 19: xxi-xxv. 
Acer, use of 44: 369. 
Aceraceae 33: 100. 
Acer Circinatum 45: 498. 
AcerGlabrum 45: 475,499,500. 
AcerNegundo 33: 61, 101. 
Acer Saccharinum 33: 100. 
u,se of 44: 286, 307, 377. 
See also Sugar Maples. 
Achagua Indians, legend on creation 

30: 143, 145, 146. 
Acha Pueblos 14: 519. 
Achastians. See Bumsen. 
Achastlians, Lamanoon's vocabulary 

of the 7: 75. 
Achese, mention of town yard of 42: 

175. 
Achia, battle of 42: 826. 
Achievements, signs of individual 4: 

183-187. 
Achillea Millefolium 33:134; 45: 
460. 
medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44» 299. 
medicinal use of 42: 663. 
use of 44: 286, 336, 364, 366. 
Achomawi 

games of the 24: 
ball juggling 712. 
double ball 648, 661. 
football 698, 703. 
four-stick game 327, 332, 333. 
hand game 307. 
hoop and pole 494. 
shinny 633. 
stick games 257. 
Achoma'wi, a Pit river band 14: 

10.52. 
Achras Sapota 38: §247. 
Ackawoi 

dance sticks of 25: 195. 
See also Akawai. 
Acklin, niunber of specimens from 

34: 50. 
Ackerman, Thomas, reference to 

28: 37. 
Acknowledgments 17: XLiv, 20 sq., 
147; 18: xxix; 19: 12 sq.; 20: 
16 sq., 21 sq., 644; 23: 19, 20; 
24:xvi, XVIII, xix, 29 sg.; 29:38; 
31:32; 41:494; 42: 31 sgg., 745; 
44: 32 sq.; 46: 31. 



bonneeiea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Acne among the Pima 26: 268. 
Acochis, Indian name for gold 14: 

493, 512. 
Acolapissa 

mention of 42: 686. 

tribe of Choctaw Confederacy 19: 
500. 
Acoma 

Alvarado's description of 14: 594. 

Castaneda's description of 14: 491. 

description of, by companions of 
Castaneda 14: 569, 575. 

reputation of, in Sonora 14: 357. 

Jaramillo's name for 14: 587. 

Snake dance at 16: 305, 310. 

structural development of 16: 155. 

Tigua name for 14: 492. 

visit of Arellano to 14: 494. 

visit of Spaniards to 14: Lvii, 390. 

worship of cross at 14: 544. 

Zuni name for 14: 490. 

See also Acuco; Acus. 
Acoma or Akokaibi 

abandonment of 13: 261. 

arrival of Asanyumu at 8: 30. 

an example of naturally fortified 
pueblos 19: 641 sq. 

collections from 2: 404. 

collection of J. Stevenson from 6: 

XLIX. 

direction of kivas of 8: 116. 

kivas in 13: 257. 

kiva trapdoors at 8: 207. 

language, a Keresan dialect 7: 83. 

population 7: 83. 

selection of site of 13: 215. 

settlement of 19: 589. 

work at 19: xiii. 
Acoma Indians 

attitude of, toward whites 47: 28. 

conservatism of 47: 29. 

culture of, discussion of 47: 140 sq. 

fight of, with Spaniards 47: 27. 

legal status of 47: 59. 

name for 29: 574. 

origin of 47: 24. 

revolt of 47: 28. 

visit of, to Washington 34: 28. 
Acoma Mesa, description of 47: 24. 
Acoma Pottery 4: 300. 



Acoma Pueblo 

act of Congress affecting 18:920. 
ceremony at 47: 1011. 
description of 47: 23, 24, 29. 
position of, in southwest 47: 141. 
pottery from 5: xxv, xxxvi. 
references to 28: 158, 159 sq. 
Acomita, location of houses at 47: 

29. 
Acoqua Indians, belief as to God 30: 

117. 
Acorn, a Cherokee clan 42: 118. 
Acorn Indians, classific term pro- 
posed 20: XIV. 
Acorns 

as Pima food 26 : 78. 
method of cooking 44: 320. 
representation of, in Florida pottery 

20: 124. 
use of, as food 14: 517; 20: xiv. 
Acorn-shellers of stone 13: 88, 96. 
Acorus Calamus 33: 69. 

human transportation of 33: 69. 
medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 299. 
medicinal use of 27: 584. 
use of 44: 286, 340, 342, 344, 376. 
Acosta, Jose de 

cited on sacrifices of Indian corn 9: 

525. 
on Mexican sorcerers 14: 138. 
Acosta, J. J. 

on Fray Ifiigo 25: 20. 
on stone coUars 25: 167, 169, 170 
sqq. 
Acosta, Maria de, wife of Pedro Cas- 
taneda 14: 470. 
Acquisition of new materials modifies 

form in pottery 4: 451. 
Acrelius, Israel, cited on Swedish 
purchases from Indians 18: 591. 
AcropoUs of Sikyatki 17: 638, 640,, 

643-646. 
Actea Eburnea 45: 463, 512. 
Actea Rubra 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 299. 
use of 44: 286, 358. 
Activital similarities 3: lxv. 
Activities, American Indian, jjrog- 
ress of research in 17: xxix- 
xxxvni. 



40 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Activities 

classification of 20: xxix. 
classification of peoples by 18: 

XXVI sq. 
designed for expression 20: cxliii- 

CXLIV. 

discussion of 19: lxiv sg. 

of mankind 16: xvi. 

tribal, definition of 22, i: x. 
Actopan Biver, names of 25: 235. 
Actors, modern, use of gestures by 

1: 294. 
Acuan Illinoensis 33: 89. 
Acuco 

cartographic history of 14: 403. 

location of 14: 519, 524. 

name for Acoma 47: 23. 

visit of Alvarado to 14: 490. 

See also Acoma; Acus. 
Acucu, Coronado's comment on name 

of 14: 560. 
Acuique, name for Cicuye 14: 523. 
Acuna, C. 

cited 30: 118, 139, 334, 365. 

on Amazons 30: 364, 365. 

on carvings 30: 140. 

on dwarfs, etc. 30: 363. 
Acus 

Coronado's account of 14: 357. 

identified with Acoma 14: .560. 

See also Acoma; Acuco. 
Adaba, legend of 30: 215 sq. 
Adai, a Caddo division 14: 1092. 
Adai Indians, mission among 42: 

S29. 
Adair, Andrew, murder of 5: 319. 
AdaiU. legend of 30: 212. 
Adair, James 

cited 12: 619, 654, 665, 674, 675. 

describes shell tweezers 2: 212. 

experiences of 42:819,828. 

on Cherokee basketry 13: 16. 

on Cherokee boundaries 5: 141. 

on Cherokee dialects 19: 16. 

on Cherokee intratribal friction 19: 
496. 

on Cherokee lack of conservatism 
19: 229. 

on Cherokee population 19: 34. 

on Cherokee relations with Creeks 
19: 384. 

on Cherokee sacred ark 19: 503. 

on Cherokee snake myths 19: 457, 
459 sq., 461. 



Adair, James — Continued 

on Cherokee sufferings from small- 
pox 19: 36. 
on Cherokee thunder myths 19: 

441. 
on Cherokee war of 1759-1761 19: 

41. 
on Cherokee weaving 13: 23. 
on Choctaw chungke stones 13: 

99. 
on Christian Priber's work 19: 

37. 
on Creek myths 19: 475. 
on decay of Cherokee rituals and 

traditions 19: 20. 
on effects of Cherokee war (1760- 

1761) 19: 45. 
on gatayusti game 19: 434. 
on Herbert's Spring 19: 404. 
on hoop and pole 24: 

Cherokee 487. 

Choctaw 485 sq. 

Creeks 487. 
on horses and swine among Chero- 
kee 19: 82, 213. 
on implements of southern Indians 

13: 142 sq. 
on Indian beUefs concerning birds 

19: 453 sq. 
on Indian beliefs concerning food 

19: 472. 
on Indian beliefs concerning wolf 

19: 448. 
on Indian conduct during eclipse 

19: 441. 
on Indian custom of removing deer's 

hamstring 19: 447. 
on Indian marriage customs 19: 

482. 
on Iroquoian wars 19: 357 sg., 491. 
on name Cherokee 19: 16. 
on peace towns 19: 207, 208. 
on racket (Choctaw) 24: 598. 
on sacred breastplate 13: 115. 
on sacred fire 19: 503. 
on scarification (Cherokee) 24: 580 

sq. 
on scratching ceremony 19: 476. 
on Shawano wars 19: 371. 
on spinning by southern Indians 

20: 33. 
on Taskigi among Creeks 19: 389. 
on tia'nuwS, 19: 466. 
on use of cane fish spears 19: 142. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT IN-DEX 



41 



Adair, James — Continued 

on use of nut-crackingstones 19: 91- 
on use of stone axes 19: 63. 
on welcome ceremony 19: 493. 
quoted on Choctaw villages 7: 40. 
use made of narrative of 44: 173. 
Adair, John Lynch, commissioner for 

Cherokee boundaries 5: 3(3.5. 
Adair,Washington, murder of 5: 319. 
Adaizan and Caddoan Languages, 

compared 7: 46. 
Adaizan family 7: 45 s?. 
Adaize, a Caddo division 14: 1092. 
A'dalbeahya, a Kiowa "medicine" 

17: 237, 238. 
A'dalhaba'-k'ia, death of 17: 277. 
A'dal-k'ato'igo, a Sahaptin synonym 

14: 744. 
A'dalpepte 

acknowledgments to 17: 147. 
age of 17: 164. 

destruction of property of 17: 3.54. 
information furnished by 17: 146. 
A'dalton-edal, death of 17: 313. 
Adalto'yiu 

a Kiowa military order 17: 230. 
a Kiowa warrior order 14: 989. 
Adam, Chief, mention of 45 : 270. 
Adam, Lucien 

on ancient language of Cuba 25: 

218. 
on Antillean language 25: 78. 
on the Taeiisa language 7: 96. 
Adamana, Ariz., ruined pueblo near 

22, i: 19, 136. 
Adams, — , excavations at Epley's 

ruins by 22, i: 171. 
Adams, — , on scientific synonym for 

wild rice 19: 1021. 
Adams, Agent, sA Anadarko Council 

14: 913. 
Adams, Captain, aid acknowledged 

5: 130. 
Adams, Charles E., Kiowa agent in 

1889 17: 226. 
Adams, Charlie, an informant 42: 

.528. 
Adams, J. D., mound on farm of, 

in .Arkansas 12: 241. 
Adams, John Quincy 

cited on Indian right to soil 18: 536 

sq. 
on relations of Georgia and Cherokee 
5: 239. 



Adams, William, kiUed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
Adams, William A., on rock carvings 

4: 22. 
Adam's Cave, Graham mountains, 

visit to 22, i: 188. 
Adams County, Ohio 

occurrence of earthenware spools in 

20: 44. 
serpent earthwork in 4: 402. 
Adamsville, Ariz., references to 28: 

34 .s<?., 112. 
Adaptations, cranial 46: 359. 
A'date 

a Kiowa chief 17: 164, 263. 
deposed as chief 17: 2.59. 
Adda, behefs concerning 30: 171 sq., 

229 sq. 
Adder 

myths concerning 19: 297, 436. 

spreading, a symbol of life 36: 103. 

Addis, — , on magical numbers 19: 

848, 849. 
Addison, — , gestures of orators 1 : 

294. 
Adelphiarchy, characters of 17: 276*. 
Adelphogamy, traces of, among tjie 

Seri Indians 17: 281*, 283*. 
Adelung, J. C, cited 6: 262. 
Adjective, tlie, in Indian languages 

1: 10. 
"Adjedatig " 1: 197. 
Adkins, John, a Kiowa trader 17: 

313. 
Adlet or ErgigdUt 6: 640. 
Adlet and Qadlunait, origin of the 

6: 637. 
Administrative Report (at the be- 
ginning of each Annual Report) 
how submitted 15: xx. 
Admiral of fleet 38: § 741. 
Admiralty Islands, Indians on 26: 

412. 
Adobe 

absence of, in Verde ruins 13: 187, 

257. 
lialls used in garden walls 8: 146. 
blocks not aboriginal 16: 108. 
bricks in Hawikuh church 8: 81. 
construction in Pueblo region 16: 

163. 
construction of modern introduction 

13: 238. 
defined 13: 309. 



42 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Adobe — Continued 

description of 14: 520, 562, 569. 

Umittouseof 13: 238. 

necessity for protecting again.st rain 

8: 156. 
making of, described 14: 356. 
plastering in cavate houses 17: 

542. 
use in Tusayan 8: 54, 78. 
use in Zufii attributed to foreign 

influence 8: 139. 
use modern in Zuni 8: 138. 
use of 29: 80. 
use of, in Pueblo buildings 22, i: 

29, 176. 
used in Spanish ciiurches 8: 224. 
waUs in Casa Blanca 16: 108, 109, 

111. 
walls of, in the southwest 23: 

XXIX. 

walls on stone foundation at Muen- 
kopi 8: 78. 

See also Masonry; Plastering. 
Adobe Construction 

description of 28: 80. 

what constitutes 15: 323. 
Adobe Mortar 

Cibola and Tusayan use compared 
8: 137. 

in Taaaiyalana structures 8: 90. 
Adobe Walls 

c,stal)lislnnent of 17: 199, 316. 

threatened attack on 17: 202. 
A'do-eette 

arrest of 17: 188, 328. 

efforts for release of 17:190,191. 

Kiowa councilman in 1888 17: 221. 

portrait of 17: 192. 

release of 17: 195. 

surrender of 17: 206. 
Adolescent Girl 

segregated among the Tsimshian 
31: 450. 

.Sec also Menstruation; Puberty. 
Adoption 

among eastern tribes 19: 493. 

among Seri Indians 17: 277* s??. 

among the Zufii 47: 477 sq. 

confusing effect of, on pottery 
records 20: 19. 

customs 37: 139; 40: 321. 

customs of Omaha 27: 603. 

customs of Osage 27: 61 sq., 603. 

name used after 37: 139. 



Adoption — Continued 

of aliens by the Dakota 15: 214. 
of captives 36:67; 42:167; 45: 

552. 
of children among the Eskimo 18: 

290. 
of children among the Omahas 3: 

265, 281. 
referred to in tales 31: 428. 
Adoption Feast 

beliefs concerning 40: 361-364, 

385. 
combined with gens festival 40: 

357. 
combined with Mide 40: 357. 
combined with the wizard rite 40: 

357. 
customs of 40: 357, 425 sqq., 429 

sqq., 549. 
description of 40: 385. 
notes on 40: 483. 
result of omitting 40: 411, 425, 

435. 
Adornment 

by the Eskimos 9: 138, 140-149. 
ceremony of 45: 554. 
fondness for, of the Osage 43: 95. 
for ball game 42: 460, 463, 465. 
for dance at busk 42 : 600. 
personal 45: 81 sqq., 236, 339 sqq. 
personal, of the Eskimo 18: 44-63. 
personal, of the Omaha 27: 349- 

354. 
See also Dress; Decoration. 
Adrian, H., specimen presented by 

40: 20. 
Adultery 

among the Guiana Indians 38: § 733. 
among the Omaha 3: 364. 
attitude toward 47: 479, 963. 
Eskimo manner of regarding 18: 

292. 
punishment of 40: 343; 42: 346- 

365, 697; 44: 218 sq.; 46: 482. 
Wyandot law for 1 : 66. 
Sec also Chastity; Infidelity. 
Advancement of Tribes 46: 579 sg. 
Advances on goods to be dehvered 

38: § 820. 
Adventition, a source of form 4: 

44.5, 4.50. 
Adventists, account of the 14: 944. 
Adverbial particles 1: 13. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



43 



Adverbs in Indian languages 1 : 10, 

11, 13. 
Advertising as an element of commerce 

20: xLViii; 38: § 822. 
Advisors 

invisible 35: 1123, 1127. 
supernatural. 35: 1131. 
Advocate, Cherokee. .See Cherokee 

Advocate. 
Adzes 

Eskimo 18: 92. 

general description of Eskimo 9: 

165-172. 
grooved, described 13: 70. 
ivory 46: 135, 149. 
"jade" 46: 88, 96. 
of bone of the Eskimo 9: 168-172. 
of jade of the Eskimo 9: 166 sq., 

170. 
of steel or iron of the Eskimo 9: 

165 sg., 168, 171. 
stone 46: 100, 134, 135, 173. 
Adzes and Chisels, stone 45: 41. 
Aeneas, part taken by, in Indian war 

45: 368 sq. 
Aerial 

burial in canoes among the Chinooks 

1: 171. 
sepulchre 1 : 152. 
Aes, a Caddo division 14: 1092. 
Aeschylus, theatrical gestures 1 : 286. 
Aesculus, medicinal use of 42: 658. 
Affinities 

in Omaha kinship 3: 255. 
of fossil ivory culture 46: 174, 175. 
Affinities, Eskimo 

Asiatic 46: 214-227, 240, 250, 363, 

365. 
with Indian 46: 214, 240, 250, 259, 

356 sqq., 361, 365. 
with Paleolithic man in Europe 46: 
357. 
Affirmation, sign for 1: 286, 454. 
Afognak 46: 184. 
Afraid-of-him, Biank'i's vision of 

14: 910. 
Africa 

aroko or symbolic letters used in 

10: 371-374. 
cowries of 10: 374 sq. 
message of complaint for debt used 

in 10: 374 sq. 
message of peace used in 10: 361. 
petroglyphs in 10: 178-185. 



Africa — Continued 

property marks in 10: 442. 

mourning ceremony in 10; 630. 

scarification in 10: 417. 

tattooing in 10: 415 sq. 

water colors in 10: 633. 
African 

archery posture 17: 201*, 202*. 

carved knife 4: 243. 

physiognomy, suggestion of, in 
death's-head vases 20: 97. 

property mark 4: 182. 
Africans, brought as slaves to Porto 

Rico 25: 23. 
After, pictographs for 10: 585. 
Afterbirth 

belief concerning 40: 357. 

belief regarding 35: 606. 

of twins 35: 678, 686. 

of twins used for cauterizing 35: 
694. 

treatment of 35: 653 sqq. 
A'gabai, death of 17: 340. 
A'gahamo"thi", story of 27: 980. 
Aga'ih-tika'ra. Sic Fish-eaters. 
A'gansta'ta. See Morgan, Wash- 
ington; Oconostota. 
Agan-uni'tsi, myth concerning 19: 

298 sqq., 461. 
Agaricaceae 33: 61. 
Agaricus 45: 4X3. 
Agastache Anethodora 33: 113. 

use of 44: 286, 340, 352, 376. 
Agate 

avoidance of 30: 238. 

formation of 44: 507. 
Agave 

fiber, Seri Indian use of, in making 
rope 17: 228* sqq. 

fiber, use of 28: 448. 

fiber, use of, for garments 14: 517. 

fiber used in Tusayan 17: 629,630. 

liquor made from 14: 516. 

Papago article of trade 26: 93. 

preparation by Pima 26: 68. 

wild, seeds used as fish poison 38: 
§209. 
Agave Americana Linn. .Sec Mescal. 
Agave Heteracantha 26: 142. 
Agave Lechegua 26: 116. 
Age 

among Eskimo 46: 213-227. 

importance of, among savages 22,. 



44 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Age — Continued 

of Casa Grande 13: 299, 3 IS. 

of Casa Grande, references to 28: 

33, 105. 
of cavate lodges 13: 225. 
of mounds inferred from terrace on 

which they stand 12: 625. 
of ruin determined by plastering 1 6 : 

121. 
of trephined crania 16: 13, 20, 72. 
of Verde ruins 13: 209, 257. 
Omaha life in old 3: 274. 
pictograph for 10: 585 ^q. 
See also Chronology. 
Age and Relationship Terms 33: 

622, 623, 628. 
Age of Pottery 

in Mississippi valley 4: 371. 
Pueljlo ceramic art 4: 267. 
Age of Trees 12: 628. 

growing in old Fort Chartres, Illi- 
nois 12: 629. 
usual test unsatisfactory 12: 630. 
Aged People 

among Pima Indians, treatment of 

26: 192 sq. 
neglect of 38: §917. 
treatment of 46: 422, 443 sq., 576 

sq. 
See also Old People. 
Agency, description of Omaha 27: 

629 sq. 
Agents 

for Pima 26: 33. 

knowledge of, concerning Indians 

14: 767. 
inconsiderateness of 14: 837. 
placed under military orders 14: 

850. 
policy concerning 14: 828. 
replacement of 14: 845, 887. 
Sioux, Ghost-dance beyond the con- 
trol of 14: 850. 
iSioiix, irresponsibility 14: 833. 
Agglutination in Language 1 : 4. 
Aggomiut Eskimo Tribe, situation 

and subdivisions 6: 442 sqq. 
Aghual, day symbol discussed 16: 

262. 
Agiak 46: 194. 
Agiukchugumut 

carriage from 18: 196. 



Agiukchugumut — Continued 

implements and utensils from 18: 

74, 83, 105, 141, 195. 
ornaments from 18: 58, 60, 62. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 

227. 
Agiukchuk 46: 193. 
Aglemute or Ogle mute, crania 46: 

235. 
Aglio, Agustina, facsimile of Dresden 

codex by 6: 263-266. 
Agnes, The 46: 68, 71, 73, 7.5. 
Agoseris Villosa 45: 493. 
Agosia, fish of Colorado basin 26: 83. 
Agricultural Implements. .See Im- 
plements. 
Agriculture 37: 115 .fqq.; 42: 691 

sq. 
aboriginal 23: xvi. 
among the Navaho 16: 87; 17: 

503. 
among the Omahas 3 : 302. 
among the Missouri Indians 46: 

463 sq. 
ancient, in Verde Valley 13: 247. 
Antillean 25: 50-53. 
at Acoma 47: 32 sq. 
at Isleta 47: 211. 
at Zuni 47: 474 sqq. 
claim to land based on 46: 477. 
effect of, on ceremonials 15: 255. 
effect of, on Indian population 7: 

38. 
extent of practice, by Indian tribes 

7: 42. 
general account of 27: 95, 269, 

275, 339, 635. 
Government influence on 47: 57. 
implements 26: 88, 97 sqq. 
influence of, in Pueblo architecture 

19: 640, 642 sq. 
in .savagery 15: cxvi. 
machines used in 47: 33. 
magic aid for 26: 258 sq. 
methods: 

divi.sion of labor 26: 89. 

irrigation 26: 29, 86-89. 
need of 46: 543. 
not practiced by the Coeur d'Alene 

45: 88. 
of the Caddo 14: 1094. 
of the Indians 12: 615-620. 
of the Plains tribes 46: 407. 
of the Siouaii Indians 15: 170. 



STJBJECT INDEX 



45 



Agriculture — Cont iiuied 

region to which limited 7: 41. 
researches concerning 17: li. 
Siouan Indians affected by 15: 185. 
social side of 42: 443 sq. 
southeastern culture built on 42 : 2. 
white influence on 27: 614, 626. 
See also names of chief agricultural 
products. 
Agriculture and Horticulture, of the 

Zuiii 23: 3.50, 354. 
Agricultural College, Fairbanks col- 
lections 46: 38. 
Agricultural Epoch 

in the West Indies 34: 56, 57 sq. 
See also Tainan Culture. 
Agropyron Tenerum 45: 515. 
Agua Caliente Reserve 
change in 18: 886. 
estalilishment of 18: 884. 
Agua Fria Valley, ruins in 28: 215 

sq., 218. 
Aguacateca 

method of forming numerals above 

ten 19: 905. 
number, names of 19: 862. 
Aguaiauale, seaport of Cuhacan 14: 

385. 
Aguardiente, Pima beverage 26: 

62. 
Aguas Buenas, specimen from 34: 

217. 
Aguas Calientes 

examination of caves near 19: 

XVII. 

pueblo of 14: 525. 

Aguato, Aguatobi, Aguatuvi, Agua- 
tuya, Aguatuybi, Aguitobi, 
Ahauato, Ahautobi, Ahautu, 
Ahuatuyba, Ah-wat-tenna, 
Awatobi synonyms 17: 594. 

Aguebana, a Haitian cacique 25: 3S. 

Aguebana the First, a Porto Rican 
caeiciue 25: 32, 33, 35 sq. 

Aguebana the Second, a Porto Rican 
caci(iue 25: 32, 36 sq., 146. 

Agueynaba. .See Aguebana. 

Aguilar, Ignacio, references to 29: 
263, 314. 

Aguilar, Juan de, Mendoza's agent in 
Spain 14: 368. 

Ag<inapai'ak, an Eskimo leader, his- 
tory of 18: 305 sq. 



Agutit Eskimo Tribe, situation of 6: 

450, 451. 
Ah, day symbol, discussed 16: 245. 
Ahacus, identified with Hawikuh 14: 

358. 
Ahaiyuta. See Zuiii, mythology of the. 
Aha'kane'na, an Arapaho warrior 

order 14: 988. 
Ahau 

in Mayan chronology, value of 

22, i": 204, 234. 
symbols for, discussion of 22, i: 
" 222 sq., 265. 

symbols for, figures showing 22, i: 
' 267. 
Ahau and Lamat Symbols 
compared 16: 235. 
day symbol discussed 16: 262. 
Ahau Symbol 

discovery concerning, by Goodman 

19: 702. 
Goodman on 19: 717. 
working table of 19: 819. 
Ahbuluc-Balam, a Maya deity 16: 

244. 
Ahl Game, Kiowa 24: 124-127. 
Ahmak, day symbol, discussed 16: 

252. 
Ahote 

appearance of, in Palillilkoiiti 21: 

52. 
appearance of, in Powamil festival 

21: 36. 
description of 21: 99. 
Ashiwanni, Zuni rain priests 24: 

218, 219. 
Ahst 

description of 17: 234*8?. 
specimens of 17: 235*-238*. 
Aht, division of Wakashan family 7: 

129, 130. 
Ah-te-es-ta. See Atestisti. 
Ahtena 

popidation 7: 55. 
tribe of Copper Indians 7: 53. 
Ahuba. See Fish-mamma. 
Ahuitzotzin, Mexican emperor, picto- 

graph for 10: 134 sq. 
Ahiil 

advent of, in Powamil festival 21: 

33 sqq. 
common derivation of Ahulani and 
21: 122. 



46 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Ahiil — Continued 

description of, in representations of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 67. 
identity of, witii Tawa w Ugtalia 2 1 : 

28, 122. 
identity of, witli WUyiiyomo 21: 

28. 
participation in PowamU festival bv 

21: 67. 
regular appearance of 21: 17. 
relation of, to the katcina clan 21: 

65. 
resemblance of, to Pautiwa 21: 

59. 
similarity of acts of, to those of 
Pautiwa 21: 26. 
Ahulani 

appearance of, in Sovaluna 21: 

24. 
common derivation of Ah ill and 21: 

122. 
connection of, with sun worship 21 : 

122. 
description of 21: 121, 122. 
personation of sun-god by 21: 24. 
Soyal katcina, derivation of 21: 

124. 
substitution of , by Ahiil 21: 122. 
Ahiil Katcina, substitution of, for 

Ahulani 21: 122. 
Ahiil Mask, resemblance of, to that of 

Wiiwiiyomo 21: 65. 
Ahiilti, derivation of Ahiil and Ahulani 

from 21: 122. 
A Hunter's Adventure, Iroquois tale 

2: 88. 
Aiai 33: 303, 640. 
Aiamita, genealogy of 14: 56. 
Aigaluxamut dialect 4: 148, 198, 

199. 
Aikoka. Sec Acoma 8: 30. 
Aiktalik 46: 186. 
Ainsworth's Rancli 
reference to 28: 210. 
ruins on 28: 211. 
Ainos 

inscriptions probably made by the 

10: 185 sg. 
of Yazo (Yezo?) tattoo 4: 78. 
tattooing among 10: 412 s?. 
Ainu 

method of forming number above ten 

19: 913. 
use of vigesimal system by the 19: 
925. 



Air 

beliefs respecting 1 1 : 522. 
walking on 32: 340. 
Ais 

language of 42: 678. 
reference to dress of 42: 681. 
Aitken, Robert, article by 34: 171. 
Aitken, Mrs. Robert. See Preire- 

Marreco, Miss Barbara. 
Aivilik, Kskinio 46: 230. 
Aivillirmiut Eskimo Tribe, situation 

of 6: 440 sqq. 
Aiwahokwi, identity of 21:26. 
Aiwakokwe Clan, same as Asa clan 

19: 610. 
Aiyahokwi, the descendants of the Asa 

at Zuni 8: 30. 
Aiyal 

correction concerning 14: 1111. 
Sec also Yowaluch, Louis. 
Aiyan, Ai-yan. 

hand game of the 24: 272. 
population 7: 55. 
Aiyapa'ta'a'. 

a nephew of mortals 40: 364, 365, 

366. 
brother of the culture hero 40: 376. 
legend concerning 40: 364-369. 
names for, in various tribes 40: 

376. 
the god of the dead 40: 359. 
See also lyapa'ta'A'. 
Ak, phonetic value of 16: 223. 
Akab, definition of 16: 261. 
Akal'man, number names of 19: 

874. 
Aka'nilni, the supernatural couriers 
5: 411-414,415,417,424,426,466. 
Akansa, or Quapaw tribe 7: 113. 

Sec also Arkansa. 
Akawai Indians 

amativeness, expressions of 30: 

163 sg. 
binas 30: 284, 285. 
burial customs 30: 154 sq., 156^ 

158. 
hunting customs 30: 294. 
legends of, on creation 30: 142, 

145, 199, 262. 
natal customs 30: 319, 320. 
ordeals of 30: 278, 281, 339. 
revenge 30: 354 sq., 358, 360, 361. 
Akawoio. See Akawai. 
Akbal symbol in Maya calendar 16: 
22l! 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



47 



Ak'chikchu'guk, Eskimo legend of 

18: 499-504. 
Akerman, Benjamin, mound on farm 

of, in Georgia 12: 312. 
Akhiok 46: 186. 
Akiak 46: 192. 
Akita Dance 

a woman's dance 42: 528. 
description of 42: 528. 
mention of 42: 524. 
Akitan 46: 12.3. 
Akkeewaysee, Ojibwa treaty .signer 

14: 2S. 
Ako, native name for Acoma 14: 575. 
Akokaiobi or Acoma. 

home of Asa clan 19: 610. 
settlement of 19: 589. 
Akokisa, st.itus of the 14: 1093. 
Akoklako, or Lower Kutenai 7: 85. 
Akol. See Bed People. 
Akome, native name for the people of 

Acoma 14: 575. 
Aktayatci Clan, story concerning 

42: 109. 
Akwinemi 

genealogy of 14: 46, 48. 
mythic origin of name 14: 218. 
Akuliarmiut Eskimo Tribe, situation 

of 6: 421. 
Akutchin, ancient Pima settlement 

28: 36. 
Akatciny, Pima village 26: 20, 22. 
Ala Clan 

mythic origin of 19: 590 sq. 
relations of, with Tcua 19: 5S8 sq. 
Ala Group 

Ala clans of 19: 583. 
Lenya clans of 19: 583. 
Ala-Leiiya (Horn Flute) Clan 

advent of, at Walpi 19: 585 sq., 

590-594. 
ceremony of advent of, at Walpi 
19: 591 sq. 
Ala Societies, probable origin of 

19: 626. 
Alabama 

alleged error in survey of Cherokee 

boundary 5: 211. 
allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 225, 263, 264. 
Barbour County, ancient remains in 
12: 289. 



Alabama — Continued 

Blount County, burial cave in 12: 

286. 
celts from 13: 74, 75. 77, SO, 82. 
chipped flints from 13: 144-149. 
chisels from 13: 84. 
Clarke County, Fort Mauvilla, sup- 
posed site of 12: 289. 
collection from 30: 22. 
Coosa River mound and house, 

remains near 1 2 : 287. 
discoidal stones from 13: 103, 105, 

109. 
distribution of stone art in 13: 60. 
Elmore County, anticjuities of 12: 

286 sqq. 
explorations in 5: xxii; 11: xxix; 

12: 283-292. 
fabric-impressed potterv from 13: 

39. 
flakes from 13: 174. 
house at, for ceremonial objects 42 : 

186. 
in Texas, union of, with Cherokee 

19: 143. 
Iroquoian ware said to have been 

found in 20: 105, 171. 
Jefferson County, mounds in 12: 

290, 291. 
Lauderdale County, antiquities of 

12: 283 sqq. 
Marshall County, shell heap in 12: 

285. 
Montgomery County, mounds in 

12: 289. 
mortars from, described 13: 97. 
mullersfrom 13: 93. 
notched axe-form objects from 13: 

71. 
occurrence of stamped ware in 20: 

122. 
paint-stones from 13: 115. 
plan of ceremonial ground of 42: 

225, 265. 
pipes of 20: 99. 
population of 42: 150. 
portion of beds at 42: 198. 
pottery from 4: 395, 396, 431, 434; 

20: 37, 38, 39, 105-108. 
production of gold in 19: 220, 221. 
removal forts in 19: 221. 
sketch of bed in square ground of 

42: 186 sq. 



48 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Alabama — Continued 
spades from 13: 135. 
stemless perforators from 13: 165, 

166. 
stemless scrapers from 13: 170. 
stemmed flints from 13: 151-159, 

161 sqq. 
stemmed perforators from 13: 167, 

168. 
Sumter County, Cedar Hummock 

group 12: 286. 
Talladega County, site of Creek 

settlement in 12: 290. 
town emblem of 42: 244. 
Upper Creek Red town 42: 125, 

255. 
Alabaraa Anthropological Society, 

sites investigated by 48: 3. 
Alabama Indian 

belief of, in future life 42: 513. 
belief of, in supreme deity 42: 482. 
burial customs of 42:397,398. 
ceremony of the 42: 544 sg., 601 

sg. 
clan affiliations of 42: 149-153. 
clan councils of 42 : 125. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 

has 42: 193, 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42: 

159 sg. 
creation, beliefs of 42: 487. 
customs of 42: 700. 
dances of, description of 42: 524- 

534. 
election of chiefs of 42: 285. 
facial painting of 42: 524 sg., 686. 
ghost story of 42 : 51 1 sq. 
greetings of 42: 450. 
habitations of 42: 173 sq. 
hair dressing of 42: 684. 
Horned Snake known to 42: 494. 
hunting beliefs of 42: 445. 
hunting customs of 42: 444 sq. 
informants among 42: 32. 
list of dances of 42: 524. 
marriage customs of 42: 370, 375. 
medicines of 42: 663-666. 
mention of 42: 36. 
migration across the M ississippi 19: 



mourning customs of 42: 379. 
name of , for deity 42: 482. 
of Muskhogean stock 42: 482. 
origininyth of 42: 52. 



Alabama Indian — Continued 
part of , join the Choctaw 42: 45. 
part of, repair to Mobile 42: 45. 
personal names of 42: 100. 
punishment among, for adultery 

42: 348. 
relations of, with Hilibi 42: 568. 
Sabia k-nown to 42: 498. 
tales by, of supernatural beings 42: 

498." 
terms of , for months 42: 402. 
town emblem of 42: 244. 
tribe of Creek confederacy 19: 49S 

sq. 
union of, with Muskhogee 42: 45, 

48. 
use of cassine by 42: 542. 
war customs 42: 425. 
war names abandoned by 42: 100. 
wars of, with the Choctaw 42: 425 

sq. 
wars of, with the Muskhogee 42: 

42 sqq. 
witchcraft among 42: 634. 
Alabama Land Cessions and Reser- 
vations 18: 676. 
Alabama River, pottery of 20: 107 

sg. 
Alabaster, reference to 29: 579. 
Alachua, trail near 42: 829. 
Alagiiilac, number names of 19: 

867, 928. 
A'laho 

attempt to identify 17: 300. 
Kiowa hostility to 17: 300. 
Alakanuk 46: 199. 
Alamito, work at 17: xli. 
Alanant-o-wamiowee, an ancient 

trail 42: 788. 
Alarcon, D. de, confusion of, with 

Alcaraz 14: 501. 
Alarcon, Hernando de 

Colorado River discovered by 14: 

403, 574. 
Coronado's fears for 14: 555. 
expedition by sea, under 14: 385, 

478. 
exploration by 19: 53. 
Estevan's death reported to 14: 

360. 
message of, found by Diaz 14: 

407, 486. 
quoted on Indian customs 9: 491, 
494, 511. 



bonnerjea] 



STIBJECT IXDEX 



49 



Alarcon, Hernando de — Continued 
quoted on Indian sacred cords 9: 

555. 
route of 28: 186, 20S. 
Alaric's Burial 1: ISl. 
Alarm, signs for 1 : 529, 538. 
Alaska 

archffiology of 46: 33, 148, 149, 

165. 
carved poles in 26: 411. 
cave burial in 1 : 129. 
cession of, to United States 46: 

127. 
Eskimo of 46: 227. 
explorations by E. W. Nelson 18: 

19 sgq. 
field work in 20: ix, xi; 21: ix, 

xii; 22, i: xiv; 23: ix. 
home of Tlingit Indians 26: 396. 
inland, Eskimo of 46: 361. 
investigations in 41: 49, 63. 
oflacials of, aid by 46: 31. 
origin of Eskimo in 46: 330, 340- 

347, 356. 
peopling of 46: 81. 
reports on explorations in 46: 128. 
route for migrations from Asia 46: 

29. 
Alaska Commercial Company, of 

San Francisco 
acknowledgments to 18: 19 sqq. 
ivory pictographs 4: 191-194. 
labrets collected by 3: 87-92. 
labrets and masks collected by 3: 

106, 202 passim. 
masks collected by 3: 24. 
tattooing 4: 66-73. 
Alaska Peninsula 
crania 46: 235. 
old sites 46: 184, 1S6, 187, ISS. 
Alaska, Southwestern 

crania 46 257, 259, 262, 263, 265. 
facial 46; 266. 
no.se 46: 268, 270. 
Alaska, Western 

anthropology of 46: 181. 
archaeology of 46: 181. 
Coast Pilots 46: 179. 
crania, coast 46: 364. 
early maps of 46: 176 sqq. 
geographic dictionary of 46: 178, 

181. 



Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition 
mention of 30: 14, 16, 20. 
reference to 28: 101. 
Alaskan-Arctic geographic district, 

features of 18: 23 sq. 
Alaskan Indians 

biographic records of 10: 581 sq. 
dialogue between 1 : 492. 
grave posts of 10: 520 sq. 
illustration, of ornamentation by 6: 

199. 
mummies of 1: 134, 135. 
mythic drawings on ivory by 10: 

476 sq. 
notices of condition by 10: 350- 

353. 
notices of direction by 10: 333 sq. 
notices of hunt by 10: 332 sq. 
petroglyphs of 10: 47. 
pictographie records of customs of 

10: 541 sq. 
pictographs of 4: .59,147-150,152- 
155, 161, 191-194, 197 sqq., 214. 
shamanism of 10: 497-500. 
shaman's lodge of 10: 507 s?. 
signal of discovery by 10: 645. 
tattoouig of 10: 402-405. 
votive offerings to the dead by 10: 
519. 
Alba Marginata, Pima medicinal 

plant 26: SO. 
Albaicin, similarity of, with Hawikuh 

14: 564. 
Albamos. -See Alabama. 
Albany, HI., pottery from 4: 430; 

20: 192. 
Albany, treaty of 18: 658. 
Albemarle 

settlement at 18: 624. 
See also Pamlico-Albemarle. 
Albinism, at Isleta 47: 245. 
Albinos 

among the Pima Indians 26: 185. 
not medicine men asnong the Apache 
9: 460. 
Albion County, Nebraska, reference 

to 27: 99. 
Albizu, Tomas de, Zuui attacked by 

13: 328. 
Albuquerque, influence of, on Isleta 

47: 207 sq. 
Alcaraz, Diego de 

attack on Serl (?) by 17: 54 sq. 
death of 14: 533. " 



50 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Alcaraz, Diego de — Continued 
incompetence of 14: 502. 
lieutenant of Diaz 14: 485, 501. 
Alcedo, Antonio de 

on Acoma 29: 543, 545. 
on Galisteo 29: 482. 
on Pojoaque 29: 334. 
on Quivira 29: 566. 
on San Cristobal 29: 4S6. 
on Santa Ana 29: 521. 
on Taos 29: 182. 
on Tesuque 29: 387. 
Alchemy, stepping-stone to science 

19: S25 sq. 
Alcoholism 46: 42, 51, 133, 362. 
Al-chuch-haab, the calendar wheel of 

3: 53, 60. 
Alden,E.H., on scaffold burial 1: 161. 
Alder 

bark, Eskimo paint made from 18: 

198. 
bark used for dyeing 30: 80. 
leaves 35: 589. 
tree 35: 57. 
use of 44: 286, 369. 
wood, as fuel for drying berries 35: 

273. 
See also Alnus Incana. 
Alder, Bed 

use of 45: 501. 
used in basketry 41: 145. 
Alder, Speckled, medicinal use of 43: 

2()5. 
Alder, White, u.se of 45: 503. 
Alectoria Jubata 45: 482. 
Alegre, Francisco Javier 

cited on Indian remedies 9: 472. 
cited on ceremonial scratching among 

the Indians 9: 492. 
on Escalante's expedition 17: 61. 
on Jemez 29: 402. 
on naming Pima children 26: 188. 
on the plague (cholera) 26: 43. 
on Parilla's " e.xtermination " 17: 

73 sq. 
on Seri habitat and tribal divisions 

17: 78. 
on Seri navigation 17: 61. 
Alexandre, Marcelo, on Huastecan 

numeral system 19: 894. 
Aleman, Juan, inhabitant of Mexico 
14: 495. 



Alencaster, Joaquin del Real 

on Cochiti 29: 439. 

on Gyusiwa 29: 394. 

on Isieta 29: 529, 530. 

on Laguna 29: 541. 

on Pecos 29: 476, 477. 

on Picuris 29: 193. 

on Sandia 29: 526, 527. 

on Sia 29: 518, 519. 
Aleut Bay, B. C. 

Indians of 46: 32. 

physical type of 46: 33. 
Aleutian Islands 46: 177, 238, 361. 

embalmment in 1: 135, 136. 

kayaks used on 18: 220. 

work in 46: 32. 
Aleutian Islanders 

belong to Eskimauan family 7: 73. 

population of 7: 75. 
Aleuts 

burial among 3: 139. 

crania of 46: 122, 364. 

different from Eskimo 46: 238. 

extension of 46: 184. 

masks of, described 3: 137-142. 

slaves under the Russians 3: 137. 

use of labrets among 3: 87-92. 
Alexander, James 

acknowledgments to 11: 369, 423. 

cited on symboUc colors 1 1 : 533. 

on Winnebago gentes 15: 241. 
Alexander, J. B., agent for Pima 26: 

34. 
Alexander, J. B. 

mound on land of, North Carolina 
12: 349. 

mounds on farm of 5: 74. 
Alexander, J. E. 

cited 30: 239. 

legend of Hariwali and the wonder- 
ful tree 30: 120. 
Alexander, J. S., mound on farm of 

44: 452. 
Alexander, N. L., mention of 42: 

333. 
Alexander County, 111., occurrence of 

salt-making vessels in 20: 28. 
Alexander Mound 

collection from 42: 19. 

mention of 44: 452 sq. 

pipes from 42: 19. 
Alexandria, La., burial mounds in 
vicinity of 44: 409. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



51 



Alexandria County (Va.), steatite 

quarries in 15: 131. 
Alexeres, uncertain meaning of 14: 

507. 
Alfara, Anastasio, gold ornaments 

from Costa Rica donated by 10: 

XXII. 

Algeria, petroglyphs in, at Tyout and 

M(.gliar 10: 178 sq. 
Algonkian 

culture area, features of 42: 713. 
linguistic stock 42: 19. 
tribes, habitat of 42: 713. 
Algonkian Tribes of Virginia and 

Carolina 
cultural features of 42: 713 .<?. 
customs of 42: 694, 696, 698, 702, 

709. 
descent among 42: 696. 
See also Carolina; Virginia. 
Algonkin 

family 4: 118. 
games of the 24: 

dice games 49. 

hand game 273. 

stick games 229. 
habitat in 1634 14: 15. 
petroglyph 4: 20, 224 sq., 227. 
tribe 4: 108. 
Algonkin Language 

conjunctive mode 28: 272. 
description of 28: 261 s?., 264-269. 
examples in comparison with 28: 

Cheyenne 233. 

Cree 243 sqq., 250 sqq., 259, 260, 

261, 262, 272. 
Cree-Montagnais 259. 
Delaware 243, 244, 261. 

Fox 244, 245, 252, 259, 260, 261, 

262, 273. 
Kiekapoo 259. 

Menomini 243, 244, 245, 250, 
251, 259, 261, 262, 271. 

Micmac 272. 

Montagnais 272. 

Natick 233, 243, 244, 250, 251, 
271, 273. 

Ojibwa 243, 244, 245, 250, 251, 
262, 261, 262, 271, 272, 273. 

Ottawa 233, 245, 250, 251, 252, 

259, 260, 261, 262, 271, 272, 273. 
Passamaquoddy 243, 273. 
Peoria 233, 245, 250, 251, 252, 

260, 261, 262, 271, 272, 273. 



Algonkin Language — Continued 

examples in comparison with 28 — 
continued 
Potawatomi 259, 262, 271. 
Sauk 259. 

Shawnee 243, 244, 245, 251, 252, 
256, 259, 261, 262, 271, 272, 273. 

indicative mode 28: 273. 

pronunciation of 28: 226 sqq. 

relationship 28: 238, 244, 289, 289a. 

subjunctive mode 28: 260. 
Algonquian 

bibliography 10: xx sq. 

burial fires of 1: 198. 

characters 4: 250. 

creation myths, work on 20: xxi. 

god of Winter 32: 61. 

influence of, on western migration of 
Siouan stock 19: 1043. 

legends of New England 4: 190. 

myth 1: 27. 

region, occurrence of Iroquoian pot- 
tery in 20: 168. 

types of art 15: 16. 
Algonquian Dialects 

of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton 
21: XI, XXIV. 

work on 20: xi, xx sq. 
Algonquian Family 7: 47-51. 

habitat of certain western tribes of 
7: 113. 

list of tribes of 7: 48. 

population of 7: 48. 
Algonquian Indians 

colors of war and peace of 10: 631. 

declaration of war by 10: 358. 

emblems of 10: 377. 

field work among 22, i: xii. 

grave posts of 10: 517 sq. 

hair dressing of 10: 755. 

insignia of military rank of 10: 258. 

invitation sticks of 10: 364 8?. 

military drill of 10: 258. 

mourning color of 10: 629. 

petroglyphs by 10: 106, 109 sq., 
Ill, 112. 

petroglyphs of 10: 676-680. 

pictographic notice of departure and 
return by 10: 330. 

record of battle by 10: 554 s?. 

record of victory by 10: 557 sq. 

researches among 41 : 58, 84. 

tribal designation of 10: 378 sq. 

wampum belts of 10: 228 sq. 

work in classification of 18: xlvi. 



52 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Algonquian Languages 

bibliography of 11: xxxiv. 
character of 15: lxxxiii. 
comparative vocabulary of 21: xi, 

XXIV. 

influence of, on geographic nomen- 
clature 19: 111.5. 

pronunciation of 28: 22(\ sqq. 

study of 15: xxxix; 16: Lxxiv; 
19: XXV. 

summary of linguistic investigations 
in 28: 22.5 sq. 

work in 17: liii; 18: xxviii, 

XLII. 

Algonquian Myths 19: 437, 451. 
Algonquian Names for rabbit and 

dawn 19: 233. 
Algonquian Peoples 
connection of — 

with Middle Mississippi Valley 

pottery 20: SI. 
with northwestern pottery 20: 

195. 
with shore pottery 20: 160. 
with south Atlantic pottery 20: 
131, 142. 
inclosure of Iroquois by 20: 150. 
possible influence of, on Canadian 
pottery 20: 170 sq. 
Algonquian Pipes 

character of 20: 140. 
distribution of 20: 173. 
Algonquian Pottery 

division and distribution ol 20: 

21, 144 sq., 147, 165. 
occurrence of. Lake Huron region 

20: 171. 
pottery resemblance. South Appala- 
chian province 20: 133. 
simplicity of form of 20: 162. 
tempering of 20: 161. 
See also 20: 145-158, Middle .it- 
lantic Coast pottery; 20: 175-179, 
New Jersey, New England pottery; 
20: 182-1S6, Ohio Valley pottery; 
20: 186-201, Northwestern pottery. 
Algonquian Stock 
games of the 24: 
ball jugghng 712. 
double ball 647. 
hand game 273. 
racket 562. 
ring and pin 528. 
snow-snake 400. 
stick games 227. 



Algonquian Stock — Continued 

morphological studies of languages of 

24: xxiii. 
tribes of the 24: 

Abnaki 571, 708. 

Algonkin 49, 229. 

Amalecite 49. 

Arapaho 50, 268, 384, 400, 441, 

445, .529, 617, 705, 730, 733, 751. 
Blackfeet 56, 269, 443, 734. 
Cheyenne 58, 269, 384, 400, 445, 

446, 530, 563, 619, 649, 705, 734, 
758. 

Chippewa 61-68, 229, 340, 401 
sqq., 404, 405, 446, 533, 562, 563, 
564-567, 568, 611, 620, 650, 734, 
791. 

Cree 68, 230, 270, 342, 403, 535, 
652,734,791. 

Delawares 69, 342, 446, 537, 567. 

Gros Ventres 70, 270, 384, 404, 

447, 537, 621, 706, 734, 751. 
Illinois 72, 230, 781. 
Kickapoo 72. 
Massachusset 73, 230, 698. 
Menomini 73, 343, 404, 567, 622, 

653. 
Miami 231, 344, 569, 708. 
Micmac 74, 698, 722, 792. 
MissLsauga 80, 344, 405, 538, 569, 

653, 803. 
Montagnais 384, 538, 708. 
Narraganset 80, 231, 699. 
Nascapee 539, 712. 
Nipissing 81, 344, 540, 570. 
Norridgewock 81, 231, 406, 735. 
Ottawa 82, 344. 
Passamaquoddy 82, 406, 540, 

570 sq., 792. 
Penobscot 84, 406, 541, 571. 
Piegan 84, 231, 271, 447. 
Potawatomi 85, 385. 
Powhatan 232, 622, 699. 
Sauk and Foxes 85, 232, 345, 
407, 448, 542, 622, 735, 758, 762. 
Shawnee 573. 
Tobique 50. 
tribes, study of 19: xvii sq., xxix. 
Algonquian Texts 24: xx, xxxii; 

25: XIX. 
Algonquian Tribes, Linguistic clas- 
sification, 
linguistic major divisions 28: 229. 
r on 28: 22, 221. 



bonneejea] 



StJBJECT INDEX 



53 



Algonquian Vocabulary: 23: xxxvi. 

work on 22, i: xxxii. 
Algood, Tenn., trails of 42: 833, 

835. 
Aliatan 

a synonym of the Comanche 14: 

1043. " 
identification of the 17: 1(56 sg. 
Alibamans, aquatic burial of suicides 

by 1: ISO. 
Alibamo 

a stockaded town 42: 438. 
fortres.x of 12: 650. 
Alibamos. See Alabama. 
Alibamu 

habitat and population 7: 95. 
researclies among 28: 12; 30: 18. 
Aliche, a Caddo division 14: 1092. 
Alien 

residents, influence of, on Pueblo 

architecture 19: 649 sq. 
Seri antipathy for 17: 131* sq., 
154* sq. 
Alindja 

information supplied by 42: 65, 

67, 546. 
legend repeated by 42: 64. 
Alisraaceae 33: 65. 
Alium Cernuum 45: 481. 
Alium Stellatum 45: 481. 
Alive, sign for 1: 421. 
Alkali Grass, used in basketry 41: 

145. 
Alkali Soil, references to 14: 586. 
Alkin', Natchez women among Cliero- 

kee 19: 388. 
Allamakee County, Iowa, mounds 

5: 26. 
AU Bones. See Ka'lahfi'. 
All Saints' Day, observance of 47: 

290. 
Allegan nr Akegwi, identical with 

Cherokee 5: 137. 
Allegheny Reserve 

establishment of 18: 660. 
recession to Seneca of 18: 776. 
sale of 18: 770. 
Allegheny River 

origin of name of 19: 18. 
pictographs on 4: 20, 21. 
Allegheny Valley, character of pot- 
tery of 20: 183. 
Allegory, development of 19: 

LXXXIX-XC. 



Allen, Miss A. J., on burial sacrifice 1 : 

189. 
Allen, H. H., on Korean myths 19: 

447. 
Allen, H. T. 46: 124, 128. 
AUen, Dr. Harrison 1: 208. 225, 
238, 245. 
on conventionalized forms 4: 244. 
Allen, J. A. 

on American bison in Piedmont area 

19: 1043. 
on former range of buffalo 15: 173. 
Allen, Jim 46: 31, 105, 106, 112, 

172, isi, 206. 
Allen, Walter, a Ponka commissioner 

15: 192. 
Allen County, Ky., mounds and 

graves in 44: 488, 491. 
Allen Settlement, Pa., vessel from 

20: 166. 
Alleyway, llawikuh 8: 81. 
Alliances 

of the Pima Indians 26 : 200. 
of the Winnebago 37: 58 sq. 
Alligator 

association of, with disease 42 : 647. 
beliefs concerning 30: 369. 
dangers from, in rivers of New 

Galioia 14: 539. 
eflSgy of, in Santa Rita mound 19: 

680, 684. 
hunting of 38: § 217. 
legends concerning 30: 135, 212. 
myths concerning 19: 459. 
pottery, figured 38: § 96. 
rain due to 30: 267. 
representation of, in Gulf Coast 

pottery 20: 110. 
scale headbands 38: § 530. 
teeth as talismans 30: 289 .s?., 298. 
town emblems of Tukabahchee 42: 

243. 
used as food 42: 693. 
utiUzation of, in Chiriquian art 6: 
130-140, 166, 173-176, 178, ISO, 183. 
Alligator Clan 

native names for 42: 115. 
reasons for associations of 42: 145. 
story concerning 42: 108. 
Alligator Creek, archeological sites at 

48: 3. 
Alligator Dance 

description of 42: 530. 
mention of 42: 524. 



54 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



"Alligator" Mound 2: 158. 
Alligator Stools, nature of 30: 135, 

192, 250. 
AUionia Nyctaginea 33: 78. 

use of 44: 286, 362. 
Allis, Samuel, on Kickapoo prayer- 
stick 14: 697. 
Allison, Thomas, Pima interpreter 

26: IS. 
Allison, William, a Kiowa trader 

17: 283, 313. 
Allium Acunainatum 45: 482. 
Allium Mutabile 33: 71. 
Allium Stella tum, use of 44: 286, 

340, 377. 
Allium Tricoccum, use of 44: 286, 

346. 
Alloc, mentioned 44: 35. 
Allotted Lands, tenure of 18: 643. 
Allotment. See Lands. 
Allotment Act of 1887 

effect on Indian reservations of 18: 

641 sq. 
in severalty, regulation by act of 

Congress of 18: 642. 
in .severalty, schedule of treaties and 
acts of Congress authorizing 18: 
645 sqq. 
AUouez, Perc Claude 

on Maskotin use of wild rice 19: 

1054. 
on Rabbit-rock myth 14: 117. 
All-over Designs 41: 233, 240, 271 

■•-■'/'/• 
All-together, sign for 1 : 523. 
AUyn, Robert, assists in exploration 

12: ISl. 
Almacabala 

modern vestiges of 19: 847-851. 
stepping stone to modern science 
19: 825 sq. 
Almagro, struggles of, in Peru against 

Pizarro 14: 376. 
Almaguer, Antonio de, secretary in 

New Spain 14: 598. 
Almanac, Cherokee, establishment 

of 19: 112. 
Almidez Cherino, Pero, royal veedor 

for New Spain 14: 596, 598. 
Almirantazgo, island of 14: 545. 
Almogen iised by Navahos in blanch- 
ing .silver Z: 175. 
Almotu, a Palus village 14: 735. 



Almy, John, circular works on land of, 

New York 12: 510. 
Alnus Incana 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal jiroperties of 44: 299. 
use of 44: 286, 346, 358, 360, 369. 
Alnus Oregona 45: 501. 
Alnus Rhombifolia 45: 503. 
Alnus Rubra 45: 483. 
Alo Mana 

derivation of 21: 125. 
description of 21: 108,109. 
Aloam Mountain in Pima mythology 

26: 242. 
Aloe, Mexican, use of, for clothing by 

Pueblo Indians 14: 569. 
Alona identified with Halona 13: 

327. 
Alone Man, Catch-the-Bear killed by 

14: 857. 
Alonso, Manuel A., on Porto Rican 

folklore 25: 20. 
Alosaka 

derivation of 21: 125. 
description of 21: 121. 
Hopi germ-god 21: 121. 
idols in Awatobi shrine 17: 619. 
Patuii germ-god 19: 595 sq. 
Sec also MuyinwG. 
Alphabet 

Siouan 11: 363; 15: 208. 
syllabic, used by Winnebago 37: 

47. 
Tsimshian 31: 42. 
used for Cherokee words 19: 506. 
used in record of Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 16. 
used in spelling Hopi names 21: 

126. 
used in writing Eskimo names 18: 

22. 
See o/.s-o Syllabary. 
Alphabets 4: 13. 
Alsea Indians 

amount of wild rice harvested by the 

19: 1076. 
habitat of 7: 134. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

812, 814, 838, 878, 948. 
linguistic work among the 24: 

XXII. 

paper on 40; 17. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



55 



Alsea Language 

grammatical sketch of, by Dr. Loo 

Frachtenberg 36: 22; 37: IS. 
work on, by Dr. Leo Frachtenberg 

34: 21. 
Alsek River, Tlingit clans near mouth 

of 26: 413. 
Alta California, on Pima and Mari- 
copa 26: 31. 
Altamira, Mexico 

antiquities at 26: xv, xvi. 
founded by Escandron 25: 27S. 
ruins 25: 276. 
stuue idols 25: 278 sqq. 
Altar Mounds 5: 57, 5S. 
Altar Stones 

reference to 42: 709. 
St. Kitts 34: 160. 
Altars 

absence of, at Cipaulovi 16: 277. 
absence of, in buffalo dance 21: 30. 
absence of, in Pamiirti 21: 26. 
absence of, in Tawa Paholawil 21:31, 
absence of, in winter Lakone Paho- 

lawu 21: 39. 
antelope, erection of 47: 72. 
appearance of, in Hopi festivals 21 : 

67. 
appearance of, in house of the Patki 

clan 21: 29. 
appearance of, in representations of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 28. 
appearance of, in Soyaluna 21: 25. 
caciques 47: 41 sq., 44. 
clay, occurrence of, in eastern United 

States 20: 36 sq. 
conformity of, to direction of kiva 

8: 116. 
described 41: 505. 
design of, in meal 47: 296. 
for Horned Serpent ceremony 47: 

301. 
for rain ceremony 47: 330 sq. 
in Hopi ceremonies 15: 261, 267, 

270. 
in house circle 41: 592. 
in House of the Mysteries 41: 5686-5. 
of corn group 47: 280. 
of curing society, description of 47: 

48. 
of Laguna Fathers 47: 311. 
of medicine societies 47: 109, 279 

sq, 491, 529. 



Altars — Continued 
of moieties 47: 280. 
of religious fraternities, study of 19: 

XLVi-xLix, L sqq. 
of the Pekwin 47: 659. 
of Zuni priesthood, description of 

47: 514. 
old, disposal of 47: 129. 
special wood used for 47: 129. 
time for erection of 16: 277. 
used among the Sia 11: 104. 
See also Antelope Altar; Snake 

Altar. 
Altars and altar mounds not neces- 
sarily places of sacrifice 12: 

606. 
Al-ta-tin, population 7: 55. 
Alton, Illinois 

flint near 44: 532 sq. 
])etroglyphs near 10: SO. 
Telegraph, on salt vessels 20: 31. 
Altpeter Mounds 
form of 37: 100. 
location of 37: 99. 
number of 37: 100. 
Alubiri 

legends concerning 30: 119, 120, 

142. 
See also Abori; Haburi; Harawali; 

Oruperi. 
Alum-root 

use of 44: 289, 290. 

See also Heuchera; Heuchera His- 

pida. 
Alvarado, Ciprlano, assistance ren- 
dered by 41: S5. 
Alvarado, Hernando de 
appointment of 14: 477. 
Coronado protected by, at Cibola 

14: 483. 
expedition of, to Rio Grande 14: 

Lvii, 390, 490, 575. 
on Acoma 29: 543. 
Pecos chiefs imprisoned by 14: 

493. 
report of discoveries by 14: 594. 
visit of, at Acoma 47: 23, 24. 
visit of, to Braba 14: 511. 
wounded by Indians 14: 557. 
Zufii ruins visited by 13: 344. 
Alvarado, Pedro de 

arguments before Council of the 

Indies 14: 372. 



56 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Alvarado, Pedro de — Continued 
arrival of, in New Spain 14: 408. 
death of, at Nochistlan 14: 410. 
efforts of, to provide wives for the 

colonists 14: 374. 
expedition of, to Peru 14: 474. 
failure of expedition to Peru 14: 

352. 
feats of 14: 540. 
lieutenant of Cortes, conqueror of 

Guatemala 14: 352. 
unites with Mendoza for exploration 
14: 353. 
Alvarez, Buperto, aid rendered by 

17: XLii, 14. 
Alvemar-Leon, Arturo 

acknowledgments to 17: 13. 
portrait of 17: 13. 
services rendered by 16: lxiii. 
Alveolar Angle, Eskimo 46:284. 
Alvord, Captain 

on Kiowa character 17: 235. 

on the Kiowa Apache in 1872 17: 

252. 
report of, on the Kiowa 17: 193, 
195. 
Amado, Lucero, reference to 29: 

251. 
Ama'ala' 

a supernatural being supporting the 

world 31: 453. 
story of 31: 116-121. 
Araalicite Indians 

birch-bark notice of trip by 10: 

334 sgq. 
dice games of the 24: 49 sq. 
tribal emblem of 10: 379. 
Amalivaca, legends concerning 30: 

119, 136, 149 sg. 
Amen, Max, interview with 44: 60 

sg. 
Amaranthus 

bread colored by 30: 74, 87. 
cheeks colored by 30: S3, 
used as food 30: 67. 
u.sed in ceremonies 30: 87. 
Araatepeque, revolt in, quelled by 

Coronado 14: 380. 
Amativeness, expression of 30: 163 

sg. 
Amazon Indian 

decorative body painting by the 

10: 620. 
mode of drilling 13: 165. 



Amazons 

explanation of myth 30: 365 sq. 
legends concerning 30: 222, 335, 
363, 364 sqg. 
Ambrosetti, idol figured by 25: 141. 
Ambrosia Eliator 33: 132. 
Ambrosial Pleasures 19: Lix sg. 
Ambush, use of, by the Spaniards 

14: 500. 
Amecos, a Trinidad nation 34: 64. 
Amelanchier Alnifolia 33: 87; 
45: 462, 471, 485, 487, 488, 489, 
490, 496, 510. 
Amelanchier Canadensis, use of 

44: 286, 307, 344, 356, 358. 
Amelia County (Va.), steatite quarrv in 

15: 107, 132. 
America 

aboriginal pottery of 20: 19-201. 
as a field for study of art 4: 443. 
characterization of paper on aborigi- 
nal pottery of 20: xxvi sq. 
indicated by customs, migrations to 

and in 3: 146-151. 
North, petroglyphs in 10: 37-140. 
origin of Eskimo in 46: 330, 340- 

347, 356. 
peopling of 46: 29. 
peopling of, from Asia 46: 175. 
peopling of, through Alaska 46: 
181. 
American 

aborigines equally divided in culture 

stages 21: xxii. 
Indian belief of origin of the 14: 

721. 
Indian regard for the 14: 676. 
influence on Pima 26: 98. 
relations with Maricopa 26: 31 sq. 
relations with Pima 26: 30-34. 
Tewa names for 29: 573. 
traders' dealings with the Pima 26: 
94. 
American Anthropologist 

article on maple sugar in 20: 33. 

paper in, cited 24: 213. 

paper on American pottery in 20: 

15. 
paper on evolution of ornament in 

20: 64. 
reference to 19: 632. 
American Antiquarian Society on 
Mayan inscriptions 19: 700. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



57 



American Antiquities, preservation 

of 27: 10. 
American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, paper 
on Vermont pottery in Proceed- 
ings of 20: 169. 
American Blood among the Cherokee 

19: S3. 
American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions, work of, 
among the Cherokee 19: 104 sr/., 
136. 
American Cultures, aflBnities, origin 

46: 175. 
American Elm 33: 75. 
American Emigrant Company, ne- 
gotiations for neutral lands 5: 
349. 
American Explorations, Yukon 46: 

128. 
American Fur Company 

dependence of, on wild rice 19: 

1103 sq. 
traders of the 46: 621. 
American Horse 

a Dakota chief 15: 190. 
acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
delegate to Washington 14: 891. 
emissary to Bad-land's refugees 14: 

867. 
ghost dan,ce council held by 14: 

820. 
Kicking Bear's surrender effected by 

14: 868. 
on the Sioux outbreak 14: 839, 

843. 
on Wounded Knee massacre 14: 

869, 885. 
winter count of 10: 269. 
See also Pab6te. 
American Horse Chart 

or Winter count 4: 95, 129-146. 
See also Corbusier Winter Counts. 
American Indian Games 25: xx. 
American Indian Mission Associa- 
tion, grant of land to 18: 794. 
American Indians, Handbook of 

25: X, XVII, XIX, xx. 
American Languages, Handbook of 

25: X, XIX sq. 
American Museum, elbow stones in 
34: 205 sq. 



American Museum of Natural His- 
tory 
acknowledgments to 6: 409; 20: 

16; 37: 48. 
archaeologic explorations by 28: 

IS. 
figured specimens from 6: 472,517. 
mention of 46: 166, 229, 235, 255. 
on Mayan inscriptions 19: 700. 
permit granted 27: 11. 
reference to 41: 223. 
American Naturalist 
on tattooing 4: 76. 
paper on Vermont pottery in 20: 

169. 
on pottery 4: 276. 
American Race, achievements of, 

illustrated 25: xiii. 
American State Papers, cited 12: 

695. 
Ames, Oliver, petitions for Casa 

Grande repair 15: cii. 
Amethyst, beads of 44: 104. 
Amherst, Ohio, rock carvings at 4: 

21. 
Amiantis Shells, manufacture of 

beads from 2: 226. 
A'mina 

in Pima song 26: 332. 
medicinal use of 26: 265, 266. 
Amitstci, four-stick game of the 24: 

333. 
Ammunition, lack of, In New Spain 

14: 540. 
Amohave in Yuma-Pima battle 26: 

47. 
Amorpha Canescens 33: 93. 
Amorpha Fruticosa 33: 93. 
Amphora from caves in the Nantacks 

22, i: 189. 
Amputation 

practice of 46: 427 sg. 
practiced by the Chippewa 44: 
333, 334. 
Amsterdam, Fort. -See Fort Am- 
sterdam. 
Amsterdam, Va., trail passing 42: 

760. 
A'mG A'kimfilt. See Salt River. 
Amulets 

appearance of, in Hopi katcinas 2 1 : 

101. 
ancient weapons and implements 
used as 9: 438, 439. 



58 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Amulets — Continued 
as idols 25: 196. 
from Guadeloupe 34: 136. 
in Connell collection 34: 165. 
mention of 34: 113 .s?g., 233 sg. 
of the Apache 9: 587-59 1. 
of the Caddo described 14: 904. 
of dried bees 9: 440. 
of the Eskimo 11: 201; 13: 115; 

18: 434-441. 
of the Eskimo, how carried 9: 434. 
of the Menomini 14: 74. 
of the Northern Indians 1 1 : 275. 
of seal skin for catching fowls 9: 

439. 
parts of various animals 9: 437 

sq., 441. 
pottery, Florida peninsula 20: 128. 
reindeer antler 9: 436. 
shell 25: 193. 
stones 9: 437. 
twin 25: 201. 
use of 11: 515. 
wearing in savagery 16: 21. 
whales of glass, wood, and stone 9: 

435 sq. 
Zufiiuseof 2: 44. 
See also Stone Amulets. 
Amusements 

account of Omaha 27: 363-370. 

of the Assiniboin 15:225. 

of the Eskimo 11: 254. 

of the Northern Indians 1 1 : 320. 

oftheOmahas 3: 

cards 341. 

children's 341. 

diving 341. 

hitting the stone 339. 

plumstone shooting 334. 

shooting at the rolling wheel 335. 

stick and ring 337. 

stick counting 338. 

women's ball game 338. 
of the Siouan tribes 15: 174. 
of the Tsimshian 31: 409. 
See also Games. 
Ana, derivation of 21: 125. 
Anabali Indians, burial customs 

of 30: 1.59. 
Anacaona, wife of Caonabo 25: 59, 

81. 
Anacapa Island, visit of Ferrel to 

14: 412. 



Anacardiaceae 33: 99. 
Anacostia, D. C. 

aboriginal village on site of 20: 

156. 
pottery from 20: 156 s?. 
quartzite blades from 15: 79. 
rhyolite implements from 15: 89. 
steatite pipe from 15: 133. 
See also District of Columbia. 
Anacostia Valley, archeologv of 15: 

69. 
Anadarko 

a Caddo division 14: 1092. 

customs of 42: 702. 

fight at 17: 204. 

Kiowa council at 14: 913. 

removal of Kiowa agency to 17: 

218. 
threatened attack on 17: 204. 
See also Nadako. 
Anahoho of Zuni mythology 13: 

414. 
Anakatcina, ceremony of the Hopi 

15: 264, 294, 303. 
Aria Katcina Manas, ceremonial grind- 
ing of meal by 21: 49. 
Analysis 

of Picuris songs 43: 399-425. 

of the life form in art 4: 244. 

Anaphalis Margaitacea 45: 465. 

use (.f 44: 282, 362. 
Anaphrodisiacs. See Love Charms. 
Anasagunticook, location of 43: 

170. 
Anawita 

chief of Pitka, mention of 19: 597. 
Hopi Rain-cloud clan chief, reference 

to 19: 579. 
Mesauwuh personified by 15: 263. 
on advent of clans at Walpi 19: 

585. 
traditional information given by 

17: 595. 
Tusayan tradition by 13.188. 
Anba-Hebe cited on tradition of the 

pipes 3: 222. 
Ancestor Worship 
absence of 11: 371. 
at Sikvatki 17: 732. 
by the Hopi 15: 251. 
in Snake-dance 19: 965 sq., 1008. 
nature of 47: 510. 
Omaha attitude toward 27: 001. 
terms indicative of 11: 368. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



59 



Ancestors 

offerings to 47: 509, 621. 
Zufli cult of the 47: 509 sqq. 
Anchor 35: 511. 
Anchor Stones 35: ISO. 
Anchorage, town of 46: 36. 
Ancient 

art in the province of Chiriqui 6: 

13-187. 
burial customs of barbaric tribes 1 : 

1.52. 
cemetery of Abiquiu 1: 111. 
nations, tree burials of 1: 165,166. 
Ancient-bodied, a female nian-lieing 
ill Iroquoiaii cosmology 21: 22S. 
Ancient Clan Masks 

description of 21: 109-112. 
ownership of 21: 109. 
Ancient People, Tewa name for 29: 

573. 
Ancient Pottery of the Missi-ssipjii 

Valley 4: 361-436. 
Ancient Pueblos, pottery of the 4: 

257-360. 
Ancientism defined 1 : 33, 39. 
Ancients 

curious mourning observances of 

1: 165, 166. 
Hopi, personification of 21: 16. 
<See also Ancestor Worship; Ances- 
tors; Katcinas. 
Ancients, The 

references to 28: 42. 
See also Ancestor; Hohokam; In- 
habitants. 
Ancon, Peru 

absence of trephined crania at 16: 

13. 
examples of ornamentation from 
graves at 6: 212, 230, 231, 236, 
243, 24,S. 
Anda^gyjunkquagh, sale of land by 

18: 596. 
Andaman Islanders 

head decoration by 10: 621. 
head decoration of 10: 222. 
tattooing of 10: 418. 
Anderson, C. M. 46: 100. 
Anderson, Peter, Pueblo ruins on 

farm of 22, i: 173. 
Anderson, Bobert, remains on farm 

of (Arkansas) 12: 228. 
Anderson, W. G., opened Wisconsin 
mounds 5: 16. 
95710"— 33 5 



Anderson and Stewart, cited 6: 

458, 459. 
Anderson River, clothing from 18: 

39. 
Anderson Township, Ohio, mounds 

5: 47, 48, 
Andiron, Shumopavi 8: 176. 
Andrade, Eduardo J., acknowledg- 
ment to 22, i: XII. 
Andrade, Francisco, campaign against 

.Seri by 17: 88-93. 
Andree, Dr. Bichard, criticism on pic- 

tographs by 4: 14. 59. 
Andreivsky 

festival observed at 18: 361 sqq. 
implements from 18: 121 s?. 
legends from 18: 485 sq., 488 sqq., 

490-494. 
visited by E. W. Nelson 18: 19. 
Andrew, Father, stories about 47: 

206. 
Andrew, Tarascon, remains in Pueblo 

country 14: 592. 
Andrews, E. B. 

finds copper articles smooth and even 

as if from rolled sheet 12: 711. 
remarks regarding use of fire in 
burial ceremonies 12: 567, 678. 
Andrews, Frank, flint on land of 44: 

538. 
Andrews, Mi.-is Harriet A. 

assistance of 36: 20; 38: 15. 
mention of 31: 32. 
work of 29: 22. 
Andropogon Furcatus 
use of 44: 286, 342, 348. 
use for making arrows for toy bows 
33: 68. 
Anecdote from Du Tertre 34: 222. 
A'neglakya, legend of 30: 46. 
A'neglakyatsi'tsa, legend of 30: 46. 
Anemone 33: 82. 
Anemone Canadensis 33: 82. 
Anemone Cylindrica 33: 82. 
Anemone Multifida 45:474,513. 
Anemone Occidentalis 45:459,466. 
Angel, Don, notes obtained from 

48: 8. 
Angel, Silas, mounds on land of 12: 

559. 
Angel de la Guardia 
island of 14: 554. 
island, occupied by Yuman tribes 
7: 138. 



60 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Angeles, location, duration, and size of 

17: 69 sqq. 
Angelica, medicinal use of 42: 6.57. 
AngeU, Henry N. 

in Sioux outbreak 14: 863. 
steatite quarry on land of 15: 107. 
Anger 

bodily attitude as a sign of 20: 

cxLii sq. 
expressed by ants worrying a corp.se 

38: § 841. 
how indicated 30: 300 sq. 
sign for 1: 301. 
signal for 1 : 529. 
Angle-stem 33: 132. 
Angles 

Eskimo, facial 46: 285. 
Eskimo, mandibular 46: 305. 
in design, interpretation of 41: 313 
sqq. 
Anglo-Saxon use of stone axes 13: 

63. 
Angola, myths of 19: 441 sq., 446, 

447, 450, 452, 453. 
Ang6pte, data concerning 17: 146. 
Angu'n, a TUngit town 26:397,412. 
Anian, Straits of. See Straits of 

Anian. 
Ani'-Kitu'whagi. .See Kitu'whagi. 
Ani'-Ku'sa. See Creeks. 
Anilukhtakpak, Aninulykhtyk-Pak 

46: 127, 129, 130, 131. 
Animakee Waba, Ojibwa treaty signer 

14: 28. 
Animal Carvings studied 3: xviii. 
Animal Dances 45: 387 sq. 
list of 42: 523 sq. 
performance of 42: 610. 
Animal Effigies 

clay, Casa Grande 28: 134 sq. 
finding in Pueblo ruins 22, i: 109. 
in mounds at Santa Rita 19: 678- 
685. 
Animal Features as decoration 41: 

539. 
Animal Fetishes. Sec Mythology. 
Animal Figures 

on knife handles, affinities of 46: 

175. 
on Pueblo pottery 22, i: 71, 72, 

145, 153, 154. 
substances used in art 15; 21. 



Animal Figures — Continued 

unknown in Chesapeake stone art 

15: 96. 
.See also Bird Stones; Frog; Heads; 

Monkey; Peccary; Reptiles; 

Shark; Squirrel; Turtle. 
Animal Food 

cooking of 45: 94 sq. 

of Tennessee Indians 41 : 555, 607- 

711. 
Animal Forms 

and designs, Apalachee-Ohio pottery 

20: 180. 
eastern U. S. pottery 20: 40, 41, 

62, 63, 65, 66, 67. 
eastern U. S. pottery, significance of 

20: 100. 
Florida peninsula pottery 20: 118. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 106-112, 

113 sq. 
Gulf Coast pottery, possible source 

of 20: 105. 
in designs on oasketry 41: 379 

sqq., 382, 429 sq. 
Iroquoian pottery, rarity of 20: 162. 
Iroquoian pipes 20: 174. 
Lower Mississippi VaUey pottery 

20: 104. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 20: 

156. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery, rari- 
ty of 20: 145, 151. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 85 sq., 87, 88, 90sg.,'92-98, 99. 
Northwestern pottery 20: 198. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 137, 

138, 140, 141. 
Southern and Northern pottery 20: 

145, 187. 
.See also Bird; Life; Man; Plantj 

Shell. 
Animal Gods 

influence 30: 40. 
.See also Animal Worship. 
Animal Life 

myths 11: 31, 146, 425. 
of the Upper Missouri 46: 410 sqq. 
of the Ungava district 11: 174. 
societies, organization of 11: 69. 
Animal Spirits propitiated by dances 

42: 549. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



61 



Animal Substances 

articles of, from Wolpi 2: 39G. 

articles of, from Zuni 2: 373. 

collection of objects of 3: 437, 467, 
485. 
Animal Symbols 

Eskimo 18: 450. 

use of 46: 412. 
Animal, Wild, meeting of 31: 106, 

723, 728. 
Animal Worship 

defined 15: 179. 

of the Zuni 2: 11. 

See also Animal Gods. 
Animals 

ability to talk attributed to 42: 
489. 

appealed to by warriors 39: 58. 

as fetishes 47: 277 sq. 

as human beings 30: 199-227. 

as supernaturals 47: 343. 

association of, with diseases 42: 
638. 

attributes, transfer to human lieings 
30: 292, 297. 

belief concerning 46: 487. 

binas from 30: 284 sq., 288. 

carvings, article upon, discussed 2: 

XX. 

chiefly used for food 27: 271. 
chiefs and tribes of 19: 231, 261- 

266, 445-448. 
control of 30: 340 sq. 
creation of 30: 148. 
custom regarding killing of 46: 412. 
derivation of man from 30: 143 «7. 
designs 31: 54, 55,56. 
destruction of skeletal remains t>y 

46: 363. 
dogs named for 30: 307. 
domestic, trephined 16: 16. 
domesticated by the Pima 26: 84 

sqq. 
domestication of 42: 694. 
Eskimo account of creation of 18: 

455. 
Eskimo belief in dual existence of 

18: 394 sq., 425. 
extinct, at Big Bone Lick 42: 742, 

790, 791. 
extinct, at Saltville 42: 752. 
figures showing 22, i: 67, 68, 133. 
food of Pima 26: 80-83. 
forms in pottery 4: 383-392. 



Animals — Continued 

forms of pottery from Pueblo ruins, 

features of 22, i: 66-69, 133. 
four symbolic, Wi'-gi-e of 39: 245. 
game, belief regarding hearing of 

35: 637. 
how divided among Omaha hunters 

3: 300. 
lunited for meat and skin 45: 96 

sq. 
in Osage legend 27: 63. 
in Pima mythology 26: 214, 247. 
in Tlingit calendar 26: 426. 
Kanaima as 30: 356. 
known to Omaha 27: 103 sq. 
list of species of 22, i: 110. 
list of, used for food 46: 583. 
magic power of, Pima 26: 250. 
memoir on, carvings from mounds of 

the Mississippi Valley 2: 117— 

166. 
men changed to 30: 60. 
men changed to, legends of 30: 

184, 201. 
men transformed into 40: 37, 63, 

117. 
method of slaughtering 37: 113. 
mounds 2: 152. 
mounds in Wisconsin 4: 61. 
mythic, of the Eskimo 18: 394. 
mythological classification of 37r 

186. 
myths concerning 19: 239, 243, 

250 sqq., 280 and passim. 
of the Point Barrow region, Alaska 

9: 55-59. 
of the Pueblo region 14: 518. 
of Seriland 17: 36-39. 
omens from 30: 274-277. 
place in nature 27: 357 sq., 511- 

516, 518, 533, 588 sq., 599 sqq. 
plants associated with 30: 37, 38, 

40. 
plants used as food by 45: 514. 
power of transformation of 37: 197. 
pregnant, taboo for food 30: 297. 
remains from Pueblo ruins, collection 

of 22, i: 26, 164. 
should not be scolded 31: 445. 
skins of, for symbolic use 39: 46. 
smoke offering to skins of 39: 243- 

248. 
some, not eaten 31: 501 sq. 



62 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Animals — Continued 

source of Tlingit names 26: 421, 

422. 
spirits of, as guardians of the penalties 

39: 44. 
spirits of 30: 153, 174 sq., 199. 
spirits of, propitiation of 30: 197. 
spirits of, transformed to man 30: 

199. 
supernatural 31: 272, 459 s?.; 42: 

497 sg. 
taboo among Iowa Indians 11: 

426. 
taboo among the Omaha 11: 412. 
taken by Coronado for food supply 

14: 553. 
trails made by 42: 735, 741, 7S8. 
treatment of 45: 291. 
See also Bear; liivestock; and prin- 
cipal animals under their respective 



Animas Valley 4: 315. 
Animism 

among the northern Indians 1 1 : 
273. 

among the Siouan peoples 11: 431, 
514. 

and folklore of the Guiana Indians, 
memoir on 30: 26 sgq., 103-386. 

discussion of 11: xlv, 520. 

introduced, tales 30: 371-379. 

significance of 21: 15. 
Anise, Wild 33: 113. 
Ani'-Tsa' lagi', Ani'-YGii' wiya' 

See Tsa' lagi, Ytln' wiya'. 
Aniyak 46: 204, 205. 
Anklets 

appearance of, in representations of 
Hopi katcinas 21: 68. 

cotton 38: § 552. 
Anko 

acknowledgments to 17: 147. 

meaning of name of 17: 145. 
Anko Calendar 

beginning of 17: 313. 

description of 17: 144, 145. 

period covered by 17: 143. 

whereabouts of 17: 146. 
Anko Monthly Calendar 17: 373- 

Ankwanti 

appearance of Hahai wugti in 21: 



Ankwanti — Continued 

appearance of Wupamau in 21: 91, 

92. 
See also Paliilukoiiti. 
Annals, Pima. See History of Pima. 
Annamite Tradition concerning tat- 
tooing 10: 413. 
Annapolis, operations near 13: 

XXVI. 

Annenraes, captivity of 43: 456. 
Announcement Days of the Hopi 

elaborate festivals 21: 20. 
Annual Buffalo Hunt. See Buffalo 

Hunt. 
Annuities 

apportionment of 19: 106, 138, 

177. 
Cherokee 19: 81, 85, 129. 
Cheyenne and Arapaho, grant of 

17: 184 sgq. 
distribution of 46: 473. 
Kiowa, grant of 17: 173. 
Kiowa, recommendation to with- 
hold 17: 194. 
paid to Creeks, distribution of 42: 

317 sq. 
withholding of 19: 138. 
Annular Doorway 8: 182, 193. 
Annulet used in Tusayan ceremony 

16: 281. 
Anogogmut 

implements and utensils from 18: 
69, 74, 96 sg., 147, 148, 151, 169. 
ornaments from 18: 60, 61. 
tobacco implements from 18: 273, 

275, 279. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 
226. 
Anogok 46: 193. 
Anointing 

of body 14: 1037; 38: §511. 
of visitors 38: § 809. 
Anos-anyotskano, Kichai name of 

the Arapaho 14: 953. 
Anosin Tehuli of Zuni mythology 

13: 381. 
Anote 

ceremony led by 21: 69. 

Citoto helmet kept in house of 21: 

95. 
East Mesa Natacka masks of Tobacco 
clan kept by 21: 70. 
A"pa"ska, mystery decoration of 11: 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Anq la'kitan (a Tlingit clan) 

history of 26: 412. 

names of 26: 421. 

phratry and tribe of 26: 399. 
Anselmo, Lupi, mention of 47: 351. 
Anskowi'nis, a Cheyenne division 

14: 1026. 
Ansogiani 

a Kiowa (aimc guardian 17: 241. 
^ deatli of 17:^328. 
Anoso'te. .See Ansogiani. 
Ant 

bed, burnt as protection against 
mosquitoes 38: §933. 

binas from 30: 285. 

bites of, treatment for 30: 44. 

bites of, used in ordeals 30: 280, 
281, 308 sqq., 339 sq.; 38: § 162, 
739, 745, 746, 884. 

diseases caused by 30: 40. 

eaten 38: § 225. 

expression of anger 38: §841. 

in Pima legend 28: 49, 50. 

in Pima mythology 26: 214, 247. 

legends concerning 30: 211, 263, 
344. 

myths concerning 11: 104; 19: 452. 

omen from 30:275,277. 

origin of 30: 129. 

societies, organization of 11: 69. 

story about 43: 355 sqq. 

See also Termite. 
Ant Bear 

giant anteater 38: § 166. 

claws used for whistle 38: § 569. 
Ant Diseases, symptoms of 42: 648. 
Ant-eater 

claw used for whistle 38: §569. 

legends of 30: 220 sq., 225. 

nature of 30: 369. 

used as food 30: 297. 
Ant Fraternity 

medicine of 30: 61. 

wormwood used by 30: 42. 

See also Ha'lo'kwe. 
Ant Society 

in scalp dance ceremonies 47: 687. 

mention of 47: 528. 
A'ntcgaltsu, a Tlingit town 26: 397, 

412. 
"Antelope," steamer, reference to 

27: 87. 
Antelope Altar 

at Cipaulovi 16: 278. 

at Cunopavi 16: 287. 



Antelope Altar 

at Mishongnovi 19: 966-969. 
Antelope Altar — Continued 
at Oraibi 16: 290. 
at Walpi 19: 980. 
characteristics of 19: 968. 
erection of, for initiation 47: 72. 
feather deposited on 16: 284. 
of Tusayan, discussed 16: 299. 
time for preparation of 1 6 : 275, 386. 
Antelope Chief, performances of 16: 

277, 284. 
Antelope Clan 

cacique selected from 47: 38,41. 
size of 47: 35. 
See also Tcubio Clan. 
Antelope Dance 

at Cipaulovi 16: 277, 281. 
at Oraibi 16: 292. 
Antelope Drives among the Kiowa 

17: 288. 
Antelope Driveway, description of 

17: 309. 
Antelope Heads at Oraibi altar 16: 

291, 307. 
Antelope Katcinas, association of, 

with Kwewu 21: 103. 
Antelope Priests 

and Snake-dances 19: 973-976. 
costume of 16: 282. 
in Cuiiopavi Snake-dance 16: 288. 
in Walpi Snake-dance 19: 984 sq. 
part played by, in Antelope and Snake 

dances 19: 974 sq. 
performances of , at Oraibi 16: 292. 
same as Tcubwimpkia 19: 623 sq. 
why so called 16: 306. 
Antelope-Snake Ceremony of the 

Hopi 15: 262 
Antelope Society 
census of 19: 625. 
kiva of, at Mishongnovi 19: 966. 
Antelope Valley. See Jeditch 

Valley. 
Antelopes 

hunting of 27:271,275; 46:535. 
in Pima mythology 26: 217. 
myths concerning 11:52,64; 19: 

451. 
Pueblo implements made from bones 

of, described 22, i: 94, 95. 
signs for 1: 410. 
Antennae in pictures of Hopi katci- 
nas 21: 81. 



64 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



JN. 48 



Antennaria, species of, used medic- 
inally 42: 66S. 
Antennaria Microphylla 45: -ICni. 
Antennaria Rosea 45: 464. 
Antennaria sp. 45: 458, 464, 492. 
Anthony, Rir. Albert Seqaqkind 
information furnished by 24: 446. 
on dice games, Delaware,? 24: 70. 
onringandpin, Delawares 24: 537. 
Anthropic Worship and BituaL 
.Sff A'shiwi, history myth of the; 
Gods, rabbit hunt vnth the; Ki'wi'- 
siwe, artd their fvnctions; Ko'loo- 
wisi, coming of; Ko'tikili, volun- 
tary initiation into. 
Anthropologic Archeology 1: 73, 
74. 
data, limitation of use of 1 : 73-86. 
ethnic characteristics 1: 76, 77. 
history, customs 1: 76, 77. 
language 1: 78-81. 
morphology 1: 81, 82. 
origin of man 1 : 77, 78. 
picture writing 1 : 75. 
psychology 1 : S3, 86. 
sociology 1: S3. 
Anthropological Institute of New 
York, pictographs i)ublished by 
10: 106. 
Anthropological Society of Wash- 
ington 
cited 4: 17. 

turtleljacks discussed before 15: 
30. 
Anthropology 

classification of 16: XLvi, L, Liii, 

I>IX, LXI. 

defined 15: xviii. 
development of 16: xvi. 
Anthropology, Physical 

Western Eskimo, notes on 46: 

213-228, 228-250. 
Yukon 46: 149. 
Anthropometamorphosis of John 

Bulwer quoted 3: 77. 
Anthropometry 

St. Lawrence Island 46: 30, 238, 

251, 252. 
Tanana 46: 44. 
Western Eskimo 46: 22S, 283 sq., 

250. 
Yukon 46: 150. 
Anthropomorphism, defined 11: 
520. 



Antiche 

Coweta chief 42: 34. 

name interpreted 42: 34. 
Anticosti Island, reference to 28: 

290. 
Antidotes, plants used as 44: 328. 

See aUo Poison. 
Antigua, Mexico. 

modern name of Villa Rica de la 
Vera Cruz 25: 232, 243 sq. 

ruins near 26: xv. 
Antillean 

peoples, probable connection of, 
with Florida pottery 20: 115. 

wood-carving designs, resemblance 
of stamp designs to 20: 123. 
Antilleans 25: 

agriculture 50- 53. 

areitos 210. 

art 142, 152. 

bone carving 192 sq. 

culture 215 sqq. 

divination 63. 

food 48 sqq. 

games 84 sq. 

houses 41-47, 84. 

hunting and fishing 48 sqq. 

language 76 sqq., 216. 

mortuary customs 58, 213 sq. 

music 210. 

myths 72-76. 

narcotics 63 sq. 

origin 21.5-220. 

physical characteristics 28-31, 144, 
145, 213. 

religion 53 sg., 130. 

rites and ceremonies 64-72. 

sacrifices to gods 49. 

shell carving 192 sq. 

tobacco 63 sq. 

totems 59. 

voyages 207 sq. 

weapons 35. 

See also Arawak; Borinqueiios; 
Carib; Cubans; Haitians; etc. 
Antilles. .S'k Greater Antilles; Low- 
er Antilles. 
Antilocapra Americana Mexicana, 

eaten by Pima 26: 81. 
Antimony Mines, reputed aboriginal 

work in 15: 116. 
Antiquities 

absence of 46: 413,414. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



65 



Antiquities — Continued 

movable, or relics and remains 12: 

28. 
of the Menomini 14:36-39. 
of southern Indians, Jones quoted mi 

4: 22 sq., 46. 
preservation of 29: 20. 
Antiquities, Aboriginal American, 

Handbook of 40: 17. 
Antiquities of U. S., preservation of 

28: 10, 17 sq. 
Antiquity 

of coiled ware and whiteware, rela- 
tive 4: 358 sq. 
of cremation 1 : 143. 
of Eskimo 46: 169,181,23.8. 
of gesture language 1 : 285. 
of human remains in Florida 27: 

10 S9. 
of man 25: 220. 
of man in America 24: xii. 
of man in Alaska 46: 362. 
of man, study bearing on 44: 13 

sq. 
of remains. Little Diomede 46: 95. 
of trephining 16: 13, 20, 72. 
of Yukon Indians 46: 83. 
Antiseptics, use of 30: 41, 42, 46. 
Antler 

condition of objects of 44: 106. 
objects of 45 : 42 sq. 
used in stone-flaking 15: 61, 111. 
See also Deer- antler. 
Anton, aid rendered by 17: .xm, 14. 
Antone, an Alabama chief 42: 193. 
Antonia, Maria, information from 

13: XXXIV. 
Antonio Azul, Pima chief 28: 34. 
Antonio, Chief. See Antonio Azul. 
Antonio de Ciudad Boderigo, Fran- 
ciscan provincial in Mexico 14: 
354. 
Antonio de Santa Maria, Fran- 
ciscan friar 14: 474. 
Antonio Victoria, Friar, leg of, broken 

14: 482. 
Anu, Hopi clan, reference to 19: 583. 
Anungite, description of 11: 473. 
Anvik 46: 136, 142, 149, 151, 177. 
discovery of 46: 127. 
Eskimoid features at 46: 56,59. 
influenza at 46: 133. 
lecture at 46: 59. 
Mission school at 46; 56, 



Anvik — Continued 
people of 46: 57. 
population of 46: 130, 131, 132. 134. 
sickness at 46: .56. 
.stal)iHt,v of village 46: 59. 
St.. pat 46:56. 
Anvik River 

explorations by E. W. Nelson on 

18: 20. 
fish in 46: 60. 
remains in 46: 56. 
Anvil Stones, observed 15: xxxiii. 
Aiiwuci, personification of, in Tcivato 

kiva 21: 30. 
Anwiicnaco taka, derivation of 21: 

125. 
Aflya, dance of Anya Katcinas at 

Walpi called 21:45. 
Aiiya Eatcina 

appearance of, in dramatization of 

growth of corn 21: 93. 
appearance of, in picture of the 

Nakopanhoya 21: 117. 
dance of, in Paltilukoilti 21: 50. 
introduction of, by Patki 21: 45. 
probable derivation of, from Patki 

clans 21: 94. 
public dance of, in Walpi jjlaza 

21: 54. 
resemblance of, to Zuni Kokokci 
21: 94. 
Aiiya Katcina Manas, description of 

21: 93, 94. 
Afiya Katcina Masks, resemlilance 

of, to Hokyaua 21: 94. 
Anya Manas 

rcscniljlance of masks of, to those of 

Siu nianas 21: 24. 
similarity of masks of, to those of 
Soyal manas 21: 24. 
Anza, governor of New Mexico, refer- 
ence to 19: 611. 
Anza, Lt. Col. Juan Bautista de, visit 

of, to Casa Grande 28: 57. 
Anza Expedition, extract from ac- 
counts of 44: 46 sqq. 
Apache 

absence of Ghost-dance among the 

14: 805. 
arrow-chipping of, 13: 138, 140. 
arrow making of the 14: 275, 279. 
as enemies of the Pima 26: 30,165. 
as slaves 26: 197. 



66 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Apache — Continued 

attacks by, a probable cause of aban- 
donment of pueblos 22, i: 20. 
baskets used by 28: 147. 
basketry, collection of 22, i: xxxix. 
character of 26: 26. 
chungke game among the 13: 90. 
creation myth of 26: 239. 
depredation in Tusayan 17: 585. 
disease caused by 26: 265. 
earth and sky in mythology of 26: 

239. 
effect of, on Pueblo tribes 13: 260. 
Eskimoid features among 46: 82. 
games of the 24: 

archery 383. 

bull-roarer 750. 

hoop and pole 420, 422, 449-457. 

stick dice 88 sq. 
gourmandism among the 14: 2S7. 
habitat of 7: 54. 
hair of 26: 265, 325. 
hostility of immigrants 26: 31, 32. 
illustrations of ornamentation l)y 

6: 198, 213, 223. 
in Chichilticale country 13: 296. 
in fights with Confederates 26:48. 
in fights with Maricopa 26: 50. 
influence of, on Hopi removal from 

old Walpi 19: 580. 
in Ghost-dance 14: 653, 802, 805, 

in Pima flood legend 28: 51. 

in Pima mythology 26: 213 sqq., 

229, 366-389. 
in Pima song 26: 335, 336. 
in Pima tales 26: 242, 244 sqq., 

249, 250. 
in Pima war speeches 26: 353-362. 
inroads upon Tusayan by the 8: 

25, 26, 35. 
intermarriage 26: 186 sq. 
Kiowa early warfare with 14: 1079. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

788, 822, 830, 838, 846, 854, 860, 

864, 876, 878, 880, 882 sqq., 888, 

890, 922, 944. 
late appearance of, at Tusayan 17: 

581. 
lustration ceremonies of 26: 204. 
medicine men of the 14: 704. 
memoir on medicine-men of, by J. G. 

Bourke 9: 433-603. 
mescal prized by 26: 70. 



Apache — Continued 

murder party of, by scalp hunters 

19: 209. 
observations among the 26: xix 

occupancy of Verde ruins 17: 550, 

565, 570. 
on Patki migrations 19: 597. 
on Tusayan migrations 19: 626. 
pictographs 28: 197, 201. 
pictographs connected with signs 1 : 

372. 
pictographs in Verde Valley 17: 

550, 556, 567, 568. 
population 7: 56; 26: 196. 
racing among 19: 209. 
raids 26: 38-66. 

raids of, on Sobaipuri, etc. 19: 598. 
references to 28: 34, 44, 56, 58, 61, 

70, 195, 217. 
refusal of, to accept Xpiatan's report 

14: 914. 
smoke signals of the 1: 538. 
Southern Cibola, exposure of, to 8: 

96. 
stone arrow-points among the 14: 

283, 284. 
stone-flaking by the 13: 173. 
stone implements of the 14: 256. 
study of the 16: xxiii, xxvni; 

19: xxiil. 
symbolic colors of 11: 532. 
treatment of gonorrhoea by 26: SO. 
tribal signs for 1 : 459. 
use of buUroarer by 14: 975. 
weapons of 26: 96. 
See also Apache Indian. 
Apache, Chiricahua 
games of the 24: 

archery 385. 

hoop and pole 429, 449. 
Apache, Jicarilla 
games of the 24: 

hidden ball 345. 

hoop and pole 449. 

running races 806. 
genesis myth of the 24: 345. 
Sec also Jicarilla Apache. 
Apache, Mescalero 
games of the 24: 

hoop and pole 449 sq. 

running races 803 sq. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



67 



Apache, San Carlos 
games of the 24: 
dice games 86. 
hoop and pole 450. 
Apache, White Mountain 
games of the 24: 
cat's cradle 762 sg. 
dice games 87-91. 
hoop and pole 150-457. 
Apache Indian 

charms and amulets of 10: 502 sq. 

color scheme of 29: 42. 

drawings of, compared with German 

sketches 10: 740. 
hair dressing of women of 10: 755. 
izze-cloth or medicine cord of 10: 

225. 
names for 29: 573-576. 
references to 29: 259,480,536. 
time records of 10: 258 sq. 
visit of, to Washington 34:28. 
See also Apache. 
Apache John. See Gonk'on. 
Apache Katcinas among the Hopis 

21: 17. 
Apache-Navaho, Hawikuh destroyed 

by 13: 329. 
Apaches of Arkansas Biver 

of the plains, Kiowa Apache syno- 
nyms 17: 245. 
picture records of 17: 142. 
Apalache Bay, explored by Narvaez 

14: 346. 
Apalachee 

application of name to Muskhogean 

Indians 20: 130. 
dispersion of 42: 48. 
enslavement of 19: 232. 
fighting methods of 42: 440. 
mention of 42: 324. 
of Muskhogean stock 42:678. 
Seminole treated as, by Milfurt 42: 
47. 
Apalachee-Ohio Province, pottery 

from 20: 180 sqq. 
Apalaches, supposed by Gallatin to 

beYuchi 7: 126. 
Apalachi Tribe 7: 95. 
Apalachicola 

a town of refuge 42: 252 sg. 
alliance of, with the Creeks 42 : 39. 
allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 42 : 
226, 270, 271. 



Apalachicola — Continued 

busk held at 42: 585. 

clan councils of 42: 126. 

clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas 
42: 193, 194. 

clans, phratries and moieties of 42 : 
160. 

Lower Creek White town 42: 126, 
254. 

position of beds at 42: 198. 

united with Kasihta 42: 38. 
Apalachicola Begion 

pottery from 20: llO sqq. 

recent collections from 20: 125. 
Apalachucla, ancient town of, de- 
scribed 12: 655. 
Apalai Indians 

ordeals of 30: 310, 314, 315. 

sickness of 30: 346, 350. 
A'pama'dalte, death of 17: 319. 
A'p-aneka'ra, Comanche name of 

Ghost-dance 14: 791. 
Apangasse, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 780. 
A'pap. See Bed People. 
Ap' atate. See Woif doish. 
Apatite, White, references to 29: 

580, 584. 
Ape 

day symbol discussed 16: 259. 

definition of 16: 262. 

in Iroquoian cosmology 21: 214. 
A'peii-guadal 

in Washita council of 1872 17: 190. 

.surrender of 17: 211. 
Aphasia, gestures in 1 : 276. 
Aphoosa Pheeskaw 

identification of 42: 39. 

Kasihta name of river 42:37. 
Aphrodisiacs. See Love Charms. 
Apiaceae 33: 107. 
Apiatan 

delegate to the Messiah 17: 221, 
360, 375, 376. 

delegate to Washington 17: 225. 

journey of, to the Sioux 14: 90S. 

Kiowa delegate to Wovoka 14: 
903, 911, 913. 

medal presented to 14: 914. 

portrait of 14: 912. 

pretender to Kiowa leadership 17: 
219. 

result of interview of 14: 911. 

report of Messiah visit of 14: 913. 



68 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Apiatan — Continued 

report on Messiah doctrine by 14: 
900. 
Apingi Burial 1: 125,126. 
Apios Apios, a sacred food plant 39: 

129. 
A'pi'«lashiwanni — Boir priesthood. 

See Esoteric Fraternities. 
Apkhun Pass 46: 127. 
Aplache 

foot-cast-ball game of the 24: 712. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 
780. 
Apocynum 

Indian use of, in weaving 1 3 : 2.3. 
use of 44: 286,340. 
See also Dogbane. 
Apocynum Androsaemifoliuni 
medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
mention of 45: 497. 
use of 44: 286, 336, 338, 340, 356, 
360, 376. 

See also Dogbane. 
Apocynum Cannabinum, mention of 

45: 470, 498. 
Apodanthera Undulata Gray raised 

by Pima 26: 91. 
Apokak 46: 191. 
ApoonPass 46: 195. 
Apoosaguntacook 
mention of 43: 170. 
original form and meaning of the 
name 43: 173. 
Apostolicos Af anes. See Ortega, Jose. 
Apotheosis, belief in 11: 425. 
Apoyan tachu of Zuni mythology 

13: 379. 
Appalachian 

burial mounds of 12: 574. 
characteristics of 12: 573, 585. 
district, archeology of 12: 573 sqq. 
engraved shells of 12: 575. 
limits of, district 12: 573. 
mound district and mounds 5: 10, 

61-86. 
pipes of, district 12: 573. 
southern trails of 42: 771-775. 
stone graves of 12: 575. 
See also Apalachee; Apalachee, 
Ohio; South Appalachian. 
Appalachian Mountains, ancient 
home of tlie Omaha 27: 35. 



Appalachicola. Sec Seminole, Ap- 

palaehicola Band. 
Apparel. See Clothing. 
Apparitions 11: 497. 
Appe. See Ape. 

Appearing Wolf. See Gruibadai. 
Apperson, Judge B., gift from, to 

Peabody Museum. 42: 786. 
Applause, signs for 1 : 300. 
Applegate, — , ethnologic specimens 

collected by 18: 346. 
Appleton's Cyclopedia of American 
Biography 
by Rev. David Brainerd 19: 217. 
on Chief McGillivray 19: 210. 
on Col. Benjamin Hawkins 19: 

212. 
on Col. R. J. Meigs 19: 212. 
on General Robertson 19: 205. 
on John Ross 19: 114. 
on Nancy Ward 19: 204. 
on St. Clair's defeat 19: 212. 
on Wayne's victory 19: 213. 
Application, Practical, of sign lan- 
guage 1: 346. 
Appointment, records of 10: 257 

sq. 
Appomattox Biver, quarry shop sites 

on 15: 72. 
Approbation, sign for 1 : 286. 
Appropriation and expenditures for 

l,sS6-1887 8: xxxvi. 
Appropriation for American Eth- 
nology 34: 7; 36: 9; 37: 1; 
39: 9; 40: 1; 42: 1: 43: 1; 
44: 1; 47: 1. 
Appropriation of Funds, change in 

16: LXi. 
Appun, C. F., sculptured rock de- 
scribed by 10: 147 sq. 
Aprons 

bark 38: §547. 
bead 38: § 78, 549. 
cloth, cotton 38: §548. 
miscellaneous 38: § 550. 
use of 45: 69 sq. 
worn by yovmg girls 42: 683. 
A'piiki. " See Bed People. 
Apuya. See Snow Houses, of Eski- 

Aqa'thine'na, an Arapaho division 

14: 957. 
Aqkiwasi, genealogy of 14: 58. 
Aqua Baiz, population of 26: 21. 



bonnebjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Aquaquiri. See Guaquili. 
Aquarian Devices, Seri 17: 182*- 

1S6*. 
Aquatasi, Aquatubi, Awatobi syn- 
onyms 17: 594. 
Aquatic Burial 

of the Alibamans, of suicides 1: 
ISO. 

of the Cherokees 1: ISO. 

of the Chinooks 1 : ISO. 

of the Gosh-Utes 1: ISl. 

of the Hyperboreans 1: ISO. 

of the Ichthyophagi 1 : ISO. 

of the Itzas 1 : ISO. 

of the Kavague 1 : 180. 

of the Lotophagians 1 : ISO. 

of the Oliongo 1 : ISO. 
Aquatic Life of Seriland 17: 3S sq. 
Aquico identified with Hawikuh 13: 

326. 
Aquilegia Canadensis 

human transportation of 32: 59. 

mention of 32: S2. 
Aquilegia Formosa, mention of 45: 

475, 507. 
Aquilegia Truncata, mention of 45: 

516. 
Aquiu, name for Cicuye 14: 523. 
Arab 

symbols of the 4: 222. 

tattooing among the 10: 414. 
Arabis Drummondii 45: 464. 
Araceae 32: 69. 
Arache, province of Great Plains 

14: 529, 5SS. 
Arachnid figures on Pueblo pottery 

Arae, Indian village on Great Plains 

14: 577. 
Arahei, province of, on Great Plains 

14: 588. 
Arai-Dai. See Dia-Dia. 
Araiza, Victor, attack on Seri by 

17: SS. 
Araliaceae 33: 106. 
Aralia Nudicaulis 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
mention of 45: 471, 489. 
use of 44: 286, 340, 350, 356, 358, 
366, 376. 
Aralia Bacemosa 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 



Aralia Bacemosa — Continued 

use of 44: 287, 334, 340, 350, 358, 

362, 366. 
Aranca Nos. 1 and 2, Pima villages 

26: 21. 
Arapaho 

Algonkians 4: 108, 109. 

at Medicine Lodge treaty 17: 321. 

Bent's recommendation concerning 

17: 183. 
called Blue Cloud 4: 176. 
ceremonial smoking by the 14: 

918. 
character of 17: 234. 
collections from the 13: xxxiii. 
Comanche killing of 17: 272. 
cycles of the 14: 701. 
dance with Kiowa bj- 17: 379. 
delegation of, to Wovoka 14: 900. 
early knowledge of Messiah by 14: 

797. 
early recollection of Kiowa by 17: 

155. 
etymology of 14: 1013. 
features of Ghost-dance among the 

14: 653, 786, S07, 817, 820, 895, 

926, 927. 
first acquaintance of Kiowa with 

17: 153. 
Flathead name for 45: 302. 
formation of war party 4: 139. 
friendliness of, in 1872 17: 202. 
friendly overtures from, in 1864 

17: 179. 
fulfilment of treaty obligations by 

17: 213. 
games of the 24: 

archery 384. 

buzz 751. 

dice games 50-58. 

hand game 268, 276. 

hand-and-foot ball 705. 

hoop and pole 420, 422, 430, 441 
sqq., 445. 

ring and pin 529 sq., 532. 

shinny 617 sqq., 620. 

snow-snake 400. 

swing 730. 

tops 733. 
genesis legend of 19: 229. 
gesture signs of 10: 643. 
Ghost-dance among the 14: xxxix. 
Ghost-dance doctrine spread by 

14: 902. 



70 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 



Arapaho — Continued 

Ghost-dance studies 13: xxxii. 
glossary of the 14: 1012. 
habitat of the 7: 48, 109. 
hostilities with, in 1867 17: 183. 
in peace council of 1872 17: 190. 
Kiowa friendliness toward 17: 

168. 
Kiowa kiUing of 17: 274. 
Kiowa peace with 17: 172,275. 
knowledge of Messiah among 14: 

894. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

824, 838, 846, 848, 852, 856, 888, 

940 sqq. 
measles among 17: 342. 
migration of 45: 320. 
mythology of the 24: 619, 730. 
name of, in sign language 45: 148. 
name of the Caddo 14: 1092. 
name of the Cheyenne 14: 1023. 
name of the Comanche 14: 1043. 
name of the Ghost-dance 14: 791. 
name of the Kiowa Apache 14: 

1081. 
name of the Sioux 14: 1057. 
Omaha name of the 27: 102. 
Pawnee fight with 17:276. 
planned uprising among 17: 176. 
police, acknowledgments to 14: 

655. 
population of the 7: 48; 14: 957. 
prisoners, transportation to Florida 

17: 213. 
religion of the 14: 775. 
sacred medicine of 17: 242. 
sacred pipe of the 14: 1063. 
sketch of the 14: 954. 
smallpox among the 17: 311. 
songs of the 14: 958. 
status of, in 1859 17: 182. 
study of the 15: xxxiii, lxxii, 

LXXX. 

symbolic representation of the 
" 14: 789. 

treaties with 17:180,183. 
treaty agreement by, in 1865 17: 

179. 
tribal designation of 10: 381. 
tribal medicine of 19: 503. 
tribal signs for 1: 460; 14: 954. 
tribal synonymy 14: 953. 
visit of Apiatan to 14: 911. 



Arapaho — Continued 

visit of the, to Wovoka 14: 774, 

804, 901. 
visit to the 14: 778. 
work among the 44: 4. 
Arapaho Language 

consonantic clusters 28: 284. 
description of 28: 234-239. 
pronunciation of 28: 226 sq. 
reference to 28: 225. 
relationship of 28: 22, 229, 237, 

280, 289, 290a. 
study of 14: xli. 
See also Atsina; Gros Ventres; 
Northern Arapaho. 
Arapaho Bull, instructions given by 

37: 415. 
Arapaho Notebooks 36: 28. 
Arapaho Peyote Ceremony 37: 

41.5-419. 
Arapaho Tomahawk Dance 25: 

XIV. 

Arapa'kata, Crow name of the Ara- 
paho 14: 953, 1014. 

Araquaya coiled pottery 4: 276. 

Aravaipa Canyon, mortar cavities in 
26: 99. 

Aravaipa Creek, ruins on 29: 16. 

Aravaipa Valley, field work in 22, i: 

XIII. 

Arawak Indians 

a stationary people 34: 52. 
anger, indications 30: 300 si;, 
artifacts of 34: 55. 
as pottery makers 34: 56, 77. 
assigned to the Greater Antilles 34: 

55. 
beliefs of the 30: 118, 119, 120, 

152, 161, 168 sq., 181, 187, 229, 

236, 261. 
binas of 30: 284, 285, 286, 288. 
birthmarks of 30: 326. 
burial customs of 30: 155, 156, 

158. 
cassava among the 30: 230. 
court.ship among 30: 313. 
couvade, traces of, among 30: 322, 

324. 
culture of 25: xii sq. 
diseases prevalent among 30: 347 

sq. 
dogs of 30: 282 sq., 285. 
exterminated by the Caribs 25: 

218. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



71 



Arawak Indians — Continued 

food of the 30: 230, 295, 297. 

in Porto Rico 25: 90. 

islands inhabited by the 34: .51, 
52. 

language of 25: 77, 216. 

legends of the 30: 120 sqq., 141 
sq., 145 sqq., 150 sqq., 173, 175 sq., 
184 sq., 1S8-191, 193, 194, 203 
sqq., 209 sq., 212 sq., 215, 219-223, 
228 sqq., 245 sq., 257, 261, 269, 
284, 316 sqq., 381-384. 

marriage customs of 30: 315-319. 

medicine men of the 30: 329, 343 



menstruating 



among the 



mortuary customs of 25: 72. 
names of the 30: 305 sqq., 345. 
natal customs of 30: 319, 320 

sqq., 323, 324. 
natives of Trinidad classed as 34: 

64. 
omens among the 30: 271, 274, 

276 sq. 
ordeals of the 30: 279. 
poisoning among the 30: 343. 
pottery of the 34: 261. 
prehistoric objects of 25: 141. 
probable representation of, in Florida 

pottery 20: 115. 
puberty beliefs and customs of the 

30: 309, 311, 312 sq. 
silk-cotton tree 30: 329 sq. 
submerged by the Carib 34: 52, 

261, 267, 268. 
talismans of the 30: 299. 
tobacco among the 25: 54. 
vengeance among the 30: 356, 357 

war with Carib Indians 30: 383 sq. 

words tabooed by 30: 252, 307. 

See also Antillean; Tainan; and 
various Arawak tribal names. 
Arawanili, identification of 30: 120. 
Arbeca Micco, mention of 42: 576. 
Arbitrary Signs 1: 340. 
Arbor, .Si ( Bed. 
Arbor Vitae 

use of 44: 293. 

use of, in purifying rites 37: 445. 

See also Thuja Occidentalis. 



Arbor Vitae, Giant, use of 45: 461, 

496, 501. 
Arbuckle, General — 

on adoption of Cherokee constitution 

19: 135. 
reward for capture of Tahchee offered 
by 19: 141. 
Area. .S'ee Noah's Ark. 
Arch, John, Bible translation by 19: 

110. 
Arch Spring 

near Zuni, New Mexico, petroglyphs 

at 10: 96. 
pictographs at 4: 28. 
Arche, province near Quivira 14: 

503. 
Archeologic 

discovery made near Santa Clara 

2: 430. 
field work 13: xxvi. 
research connected with sign lan- 
guage 1: 368. 
Archeological 

areas and distribution of types 12r 

521-593. 
areas, the Atlantic and the Pacific 

12: 723. 
collections, character of 27: 12. 
districts of the mound area 12: 

521-524. 
frauds, Whittlesey's, cited 4: 250. 
sections, primary 12: 521-524. 
sites, catalogue of 27: 10. 
Archeological Association of Phila- 
delphia, collaboration with 17: 

XLVl. 

Archeological Expedition 

to Arizona, 1895 17: 519-744. 

to Arizona, memoir on 17: Lxin— 

LXV, LXXII sq. 

Archeological Explorations 

in Arizona 22, i: 1-195. 

permits for 27: 11. 
Archeological Institute of America 

reference to 27: 11. 

work of 29: 19. 
Archeological Map 

of Colorado and New Mexico 26: 

XX. 

of the United States 25: x, xx 
sq.; 26: xxvi sq. 



72 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Archeological Objects 
Antillean 25: 

bearing on aboriginal culture 89 

sq., 91. 
classification of 91, 92. 
distribution of 214. 
material for 92. 
variation in types 214. 
Mexican 25: 
conclusions 284. 
from Campoalan and Xico. 
classification 251. 
general description 250 sq. 
stone idols at Altamira 278 

sqq. 
Tampico stone idols 277 sq., 
280. 
See also names of objects, e. g., 
Amulets, Celts, Carved Stones, 
etc. 
Archeological Remains, protection of 

26: XXVI sq. 
Archeological Specimens 

donated by George Goshaw 46: 98. 
donated by Merle La Voy 46:102. 
donated by Lomen Brothers 46: 

117. 
donated by Thomas Berryman 46: 

99. 
placed on deposit 46: 115. 
Archeological Work of the Bureau 
of American Ethnology 42: 
2 sq.; 43: 1-4. 
Archeology 

eastern, work in 15: xxi, xxv, 
XXVIII, XXXIII, xxxvn, xlii, xlvii, 

LI, LV, LIX, LXIII, LXVI. 

in relation to ethnology 28: 42. 
limitations to the use of, in study of 

anthropology 1: 73, 74. 
of the Winnebago 37: 7&-103. 
report on, of Lower Mimbres Valley 

36: 11. 
summary of work in 15: lxxiii. 
supplementary to history 15: 20. 
western, work in 15: xxi, xxv, 

xxviii, xxxiii, xxxvn, xliii 

XLVII, Ln, LVI, I-X, LXIII, LXVI, 

work in 14: xxxiv; 16: xix, xx 

XXII, XXIII, XXVII, XXX, XXXV; 

XXXVIII, XL, XLIII, XLVII, L, LVI 

Lxvi-Lxix; 17: xlv-xlviii. 



Archeology, American 
interest in 41: 25 sq. 
researches in 41: 3. 
Archeology of Alaska 46: 33, 84, 

88, 101, 102, 149, 181. 
Barrow 46: 106, 206. 
Bering Sea 46: 168. 
Bonasila 46: 142, 144. 
Burchell's 46: 46. 
Kevalina 46: 100, 204. 
Kotzebue 46: 100. 
"mounds" near Barrow 46: 319. 
Point Hope 46: 102, 205, 206. 
St. Lawrence Island 46: 210. 
St. Michael Island 46: 170. 
Seward Peninsula 46: 202. 
Shishmaref 46: 202. 
Tanana 46: 43. 
Wainwright 46: 106. 
Wales 46: 93, 197. 
western Eskimo region 46: 165, 

167, 362, 363, 366. 
workmanship 46: 173. 
Yukon 46: 73, 81, 84, 129, 134, 

135, 144. 
Archery 

games, general account of 24: 383. 
games, played by the 24: 

Apache 383, 385. 

Arapaho 384. 

Assiniboin 383, 391. 

Cheyenne 384. 

Chipewyan 385. 

Crows "383, 391, 529. 

Dakota 392, 393, 394. 
Oglala 383, 391 sq. 
Teton 383, 392 sq. 

Eskimo 383, 386 sqq. 

Gros Ventres 383, 384, 529. 

Haida 395. 

Hopi 383, 390. 

Iowa 394. 

Keres 388. 

Kiowa 388. 

Makah 383, 395, 396. 

Mandan 393. 

Missouri 394. 

Montagnais 383, 384 sq. 

Navaho 383, 385 sq. 

Omaha 383, 393, 394. 

Oto 394. 

Pawnee 383, 386, 389. 

Pima 389. 

Ponka 383, 394. 



JEA] 



SXJBJECT IXDEX 



73 



Archery — Continued 

games, played by the 24 — cont. 

Potawatomi 383, 385. 

Shuswap 383, 390. 

Tarahumare 383, 389. 

Tewa 383, 390, 395. 

Thompson Indians 383, 390. 

Topinagugim 388. 

Washo 396. 

Wichita 386. 

Zuni 383, 396-399. 
implements of the Seri 17: 198*- 

200*. 
Indian 11: 313. 
Omaha skill in 3: 291. 
Seri 17: 197*, 255* sq. 
Archery Posture 

African 17: 201*, 202*. 

Seri 17: 200* sq. 

von Bayer's photograph of 17: 

106. 
Archi-magnus. See Fire-maker. 
Architectural 

nomenclature 8: 220, 223. 
terms of the ZuiSi 13: 356. 
Architecture 

adaptation to defense 8: 226, 227. 
adaptation to environment 8: 225, 

226, 227, 228. 
affected Ijy flora 33: 57. 
cHff dwelUngs 13: 344. 
comparison of constructional details 

of Tusavan and Cii^ola 8: 100- 

203. 
influence of, on pottery 20: 86. 
of ancient Verde pueblos 13: 185. 
of cliff ruins 16: 153. 
of Casa Grande 28: 72 sqq.. 154 sq. 
of Gila-Salt Compounds 28: 150 

sqq., 156. 
of the Menomini 14: 253. 
of the mound builders 12: 660- 

666. 
Pima 26: 25, 153-157. 
Pueblo, character of 16: 193. 
Pueblo, develojiment of 16: 193. 
Pueblo, modifying influences on 19: 

040-644, 646 sqq. 
Pueblo type of, evohition of 22, i: 

193 sqq. 
Stone Age, of America and Europe 

compared 34: 54. 
Zuni, evolution of 13: 363. 
Sec also 



Archuleta, Juan Antonio, reference 

to 29: 168. 
Arcs Plats, a s\nonvni of Kutenai 

14: 731. 
Arctic Circle 46: 100. 
Arctic Coast 

archeology of the 46:32. 
old sites of the 46: 203. 
Arctic Eskimo 

crania of 46: 257, 260, 261, 262, 

263, 264. 
facial angle of 46: 266. 
nose measurements of 46: 268. 
of the north 46: 227, 256, 357. 
Arctic Highlanders 
mention of 23: xii. 
See also Ita Arivaca Valley, ancient 
population of. 
Arctium Minus 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
mention of 33: 135. 
of recent introduction 33: 59. 
use of 44: 289, 340, 377. 
Arctostaphylos XJva-ursi 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
mention of 45: 458, 486, 493, 494, 

495, 514. 
use of 44: 287, 307, 318, 336, 376, 
377. 
Ardnainiq, fabulous tribe in Eskimo 

tradition 6: 640. 
Areitos 

character of 25: 37, 38, 68 sq., 83, 

84. 
in marriage ceremonies 25: 48, 65. 
in mortuary ceremonies 25: 65, 68 

sq., 70, 83, 84. 
musical accompaniment 25: 210. 
plazas 25: S3 sq. 
See also Antillean; Dances. 
Arekuna Indians 

comets among 30: 359. 
ordeals among the 30: 278, 281. 
vengeance among the 30: 357. 
Arellano, Tristan de 

appointment of, as captain 14: 

477. 
arrival of, at Cibola and Tiguex 14: 

492, 494, 510. 
at Corazones 14: 485. 
command of, in Coronado's armv 
14: 391, 481, 572, 577, 581. 



74 



GENEKAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPOETS 



[eTH. ANN. 48 



Arellano, Tristan de — Continued 
foundation of Corazones by 17: 53. 
lieutenant to Coronado 14: 508. 
Arenal, population of 26: 21. 
Arenenos, field .study of 22, i: xi. 
Arequipa, Peru, petroglyphs near 

10: 157 sgq. 
Argentina 

acknowledgments to officials of 

18: XXIX. 
character of pottery of 20: 20. 
field work in 21: IX, xi, xviii. 
researches in 30: 11-15. 
Argentine Republic, petroglyphs in 

10: 157. 
Argillite 

defined 13: 58. 
distribution of 15: 73. 
implements of , discussed 15: 89. 
quarries, location of 15: 78. 
source of, for implements 15: 140. 
Argyle, Duke of, on gestures of 

Fuegans 1: 293. 
Argyle Midden 34: 92. 
Arickara 

beliefs, reference to 11: 403. 
ceremonial of the 1 1 : 437. 
mention of the 4: 100, 101. 
See also Arikara. 
Aridity, effect of, on practice of 

potter's art 20: 23. 
Arikara or Bee Indians 

a branch of the Pawnee 4: 105. 
at war with the Dakotas and U. S. 

4: 111 sq. 
Chungke game among the 13: 99. 
conventional device of, for dead men 

10: 660. 
corrupt form of Arikaree 4: 100. 
customs of the 24: 58. 
decorating and coloring of skins liy 

10: 220. 
early contact with Omaha 27: 74, 

75-78. 
games of the 24: 
dice games 97 sq. 
double ball 657. 
hand game 276. 
hoop and pole 461 sq. 
popgun 758. 
shinny 624. 
Ghost dance among the 14: 817. 
habitat of the 7: 60; 17: 158. 
habits of the 17: 158. 



Arikara or Ree Indians — Continued 
hunting and other pictographs of the 

10: 537, 538. 
influence on Omaha 27: 102, 112. 
killed 4: 209-214. 
Kiowa horse trade with 17: 251. 
Kiowa intercourse with 17: 156. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

786, 852, 900. 
manufacture of pottery by 20: 195. 
mention of 3: xxiii. 
migration of 46: 405. 
mythology of the 24: 624. 
Omaha name for 27: 102. 
party to peace conference 27: 74, 

218, 376. 
pictographs on wood by 10: 214. 
pictography 4: 48, 50, 59, 186, 

187, 240. 
population of 7: 62. 
pottery of 46: 413. 
property marks of 4: 182; 10: 

441. 
removal of, on account of smallpox 

17: 311. 
sign of achievement by 10: 436. 
■smallpox among 17: 275. 
source of Wa'wa" pipes 27: 47. 
symbol of 4: 60, 213 sq., 231. 
tribal designations of 10: 381-385. 
tribal sign for 1: 461. 
visited by Lahontan 15: 190. 
See also Arickara. 
Arisaema Triphyllum 33: 69. 
Arison, William 

petroglyph copied by 4: 225. 
pictograph copied by 10: 111. 
Arispa 

settlement of 14: 515. 
visit of Coronado to 14: 585. 
Aristocracy among Chitimacha 42: 

695. 
Aristolochia Serpentaria, medicinal 

use of 42: 667. 
Arivaypa Creek in Arizona 14: 387. 
Arizona 

aboriginal remains in 13: xxxvii, 

XLiv, Li, 185-261. 
adobe of 14: 520. 
age of ruins of 28: 150. 
antiquities of 28: 17. 
archaeologic work in 13: xxviii; 
15: XXI sq., xxv, xxviii, xxxvii, 

XLIII, XLVII, LXVI, LXX, LXXVi; 

28: 13, 18. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Arizona — Continued 

archaeological expedition to, in 1S9.5 

17: 519-744. 
archaeological explorations in, ac- 
count of 22, i: 1-195. 
archaeological explorations in, plan 

of, for 1897 22, i: 121 sqq. 
as cultural centre 28: 157. 
Central 28: 

cliff dwellings 151. 

collections from 20. 

dual composition of ruins 151. 

fetish from 122. 

national monuments in IS. 
cliff ruins of Canyon de Chelly 16: 

73-198. 
coiled ware from 4: 279. 
collections made in, by Dr. Russell 

22, i: XXX. 
character of pottery from 20: 20. 
earthciuake in 26: 60. 
explorations in 5: xxiii, xxiv; 

11: XXVII. 
field work in 20: ix, x sq.; 22, i: 

IX, XI, xiii; 23: ix, xvi, xviii. 
first garrison 26: 28. 
first permanent Spanish residents 

26: 28. 
effigy vases from, description of 

22, i: 189-192. 
hammer stones in ruins 26: 111. 
masks from 3: 105. 
military posts in 17: 381. 
mortar cavities found in 26: 99. 
national monuments of 29: 20. 
Northern 28: 

dual composition of ruins 151. 

fabrics from ruins 148. 

pottery 137, 139. 

shell work 144. 
office work on collections from 22, 

i: XVII, xxiii. 
office work on material from 20: 

IX. 

paper on explorations in 40: 17. 
petroglyphs in 10: 48-51,470,512, 

682 sq. 
pictographs on person 4: 61. 
petrified forests in, habitations in 

22, i: 135 sq. 
pottery 4: 291, 363-358. 
pottery in, distribution of 22, i: 

192 s?. 
puma found in 26: 81. 
95719°— 33 6 



Arizona — Continued 

reference to 27: 8; 30: 11. 
report on collections from 19: xix 

.■<q. 
researches in 28: 9. 
rock carvings in 4: 28 sqq., 222, 

228, 245. 
ruins in southern part of 26: 25. 
ruins of central and northern, 
objects of value obtained from 
23: 18. 
shells among aborigines 28: 143. 
Southern 28: 
cliff houses 151. 
lacking in modern pueblos 152. 
pictographs 214. 
pottery 139. 
telegraph lines in 26: 54. 
•'Two Summers' Work in Pueblo 
Ruins in," paper by J. W. 
Fewkes 32, i: 1-195. 
characterization of 22, i: xliii. 
visited by Smohalla 14: 719. 
Western 28: 

early explorations in 186. 
pictographs 214. 
work in 7: xvili, xxv-xxviii; 10: 
xvii; 19: xill sq.; 29: 10, 14 
sqq., 20. 
See also Cliff Dwellings; Navaho. 
Arizpa del Aqua, Pima village 26: 

21. 
Arizpe. .See Arispa. 
Ark, Sacred 

a war medicine 42: 503. 
carried in war 42: 408, 425, 705. 
contents of 42: 425. 
description of 42: 411 sq. 
place of, in ceremony 42: 422. 
Arkansa, identified ^\'ith Kwapa 15: 

193. 
Arkansas 

abundance of pottery in 20: 80. 
ancient works and antiquities in 
12: 198, 199, 203-225, 227 sqq., 
223-237. 
boat-shape stones from 13: 124. 
celts from 13: 74-82. 
chipped flints from 13: 145-150, 

176. 
chisels from 13: 83, 84. 
City, mound near 12: 227,237,240. 
Clark County, Triggs mound and 
ancient works in 12: 247. 



76 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Arkansas — Continued 

clay-plastered house in 20: 37. 
Clayton mounds, Jefferson County 

12: 242. 
collection from 19: xxi. 
collections of pottery from 3: 47t) 

sqg. 
Corning group near 12: 198. 
County ancient pottery 3: 476-485. 
County, Menard mounds 12: 229, 

230. 
Craighead County, Carpenters Land- 
ing, mound at 12: 200. 
Craighead County, Webb grouj) 

12: 201. 
Desha County, old (French) port 

and mounds 12: 237, 239, 24 L 
discoidal stones from 13: 101-108. 
distribution of stone art 13: 60. 
district, archeology of 12: 586-590. 
Drew County, antiquities of 12: 

239, 241, 242. 
explorations in 12: 233. 
eastern, special ceramic groups in 

20: 81. 
fabric-impressed pottery from 13: 

42. 
flakes from 13: 173, 174. 
gorgets from 13: 118, 120. 
Greene County, Babcock mounds 

12: 200. 
grooved adzes from 13: 65, 67, 70. 
Jefferson County, De Soto mound 

12: 243. 
Jefferson County, mounds in 12: 

242. 
Lee County, Greer's mound 12: 

231. 
life forms from 20: 94, 95. 
Lincoln County, mounds in 12: 

241. 
military posts in 17: 382. 
Mississippi County, Frenchman's 

Bayou, mounds on 12: 221. 
Mississippi County, Jackson and 

Sherman mounds 12: 222, 223. 
Monroe County, ancient pottery 3: 

486-489. 
mortars from, described 13: 97. 
mounds in 5: 11; 12: 200, 22G, 

229, 231, 237 sqq. 
novaculite quarries in 13: xxvii; 
14: XXXV, 



Arkansas — Continued 

occurrence of salt-making vessels in 

20: 28. 
Ouachita County, antiquities of 12: 

248. 
paint-mortars from 13: 93. 
paint-stones from 13: 115. 
paper on pottery of 20: 87. 
peculiar animal form found in 20: 

107. 
pestles from 13: 89, 90. 
Phillips County, Rogers mound 12: 

236. 
pipes of 20: 141. 
plummets from, described 13: 111, 

113. 
Poinsett County 12: 207,209,212, 

213-218. 
Poplar Bluff, mounds near 12: 193. 
pottery from 4: 378-392, 394-398, 

399^410, 413-426, 448; 20: 88 

sq., 90 sqq., 94, 95, 96. 
possible borrowing of decorative art 

of, from Pueblos 20: 52. 
Pulaski County, Mound Lake, 

mounds on bank of 12: 243. 
Pulaski County, Thiboult mounds 

12: 245. 
pumice rubbing-stone from 13: 94. 
region, decoration in color of pottery 

of 20: 67. 
Saline County, antiquities of 12: 

245. 
Saline County, Benton and Hughes, 

mounds near 12: 246. 
sites for houses and cemeteries in 

12: 231. 
spades from 13: 135, 136. 
spool-shaped ornaments from 13: 

125. 
spuds from 13: 110. 
stemless perforators from 13: 166, 

167. 
stemmed flints from 13: 151-164. 
stemmed perforators from 13: 167, 

168. 
Arkansas Cherokee 

conference with Osage by 19: 105. 
fixing of boundaries to lands of 19: 

105. 
friction between main band and 

19: 133, 135, 147, 148. 
history of 19: 77, 102, 136-143. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



77 



Arkansas Cherokee — Continued 
request of, for recognition as a sepa- 
rate tribe 19: 105. 
union of, with main band 19: 135. 
visit of Sequoya to 19: 110. 
Arkansas Post, bowls from 20: 88 

sq. 
Arkansas Biver 

abundance of pottery along 20: 23. 
cession to Cherokee of tract on 19: 

102 sq. 
exchange of tract on 19: 139. 
followed by Coronado 14: 397. 
lower towns on 42: 333. 
references to 27: 57, 67. 
settlement of Cherokee ou 19: 102. 
Arkansas State, references to 27: 

57, 74. 
Arkansas Territory, Creek removal 

to 42: 505. 
Arm 

clothing of Eskimo 9: 123 sqq. 
positions, outlines of, in sign lan- 
guage 1: 545. 
Serian and Yuman names for 17: 

330* sqq. 
stretch, Eskimo 46: 239. 
stretch, Western Eskimo 46: 251. 
Arm Bands, description of 47: 871. 
Arm Rings, materials used for 45: 

S3. 
Armadillo 

associated with snake 38: § 105. 

basketry patterns 38: § 431 ,sqq. 

bina for 30: 282, 368. 

carved from seeds 38: § 535. 

charms made from 30: 368. 

habits of 30: 368. 

hunted by Guiana Indians 38: 

§ 165. 
omens obtained from 30: 274. 
Armas, — , on Carib cannibalism 25: 

50. 
Armenia 

colors used for mourning in 10: 

630. 
inscriptions on tombstones in 10: 
524. 
Armlets 

Eskimo ceremonial 18: 416, 418, 

420. 
from Chevlon, figures showing 22, i: 

89, 90. 
See also Arm Bands. 



Armor 

absence of, among the Omaha 13: 

287. 
among Southern Indians 42: 438 

find of European 21: x. 

made of rods and slats or hides 31 : 

53. 
of the Eskimo 18: 330. 
of the Pawnee 13: 288. 
use of 45: 117. 
used by Padouca 27: 79. 
See also Cuirasses; Shields. 
Armstrong, Agent, at Port Gibson 

council 17: 169. 
Armstrong, — , 46: 218, 219. 
Armstrong, — , superintendent of 

Pima schools 26: 34. 
Armstrong, F. W., commissioner to 
extinguish Cherokee title 5: 241. 
Armstrong, James, visit of Kickapoo 

delegation to 14: 699. 
Armstrong, John 
annali.st 21: 1.37. 
Seneca cosmological myth related by 

24: xviii. 
Seneca informant 32: 50, 52. 
Armstrong, Perry A., on meaning of 
Sauk and Fox tribal names 19: 
1050. 
Armstrong, B. B., prayer-stick in pos- 
session of 14: 699. 
Armstrong, B. H., aid of, acknowl- 
edged 5: 130. 
Armstrong, S., reservation of lot on 

farm of 18: 776. 
Armstrong, Thomas 
cited 12: 673. 
on Wisconsin mounds 5: 
Armstrong, W. H., cited on 

phonetics 1 1 : 364. 
Armstrong, WiUiam 

commissioner to treat with Cherokee 

5: 298, 305. 
plan of, for adjusting Cherokee 
differences 5: 304. 
Army Medical Museum 
mention of 46: 235. 
tattooed heads in 4: 75. 
Army of the West, conquest by 16: 

79. 
Arnica LatifoUa 45: 473. 
Arnold, Mrs. L. B. 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
adoption of Sioux child by 14: 880. 



16. 
Hawaiian 



78 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Arny, W. F. M. 

on Pojoaque 29: 335. 
on Sandia 29: 527. 
on Taos 29: 180. 
Aroko, or symbolic letters of West 

Africa iO: 371-374. 
Arolik 46: 191. 
Arouages, an antjient Antillean race 

25: 219. 
Arriaga, Jose de, cited on Indian medi- 
cine-men 9: 594. 
Arricivita, J. D. 

on Bernabe mission 17: SO, 81. 
on Pimerfa, quoted by Bnschmann 

26: 76. 
on Sen relations 17: 82. 
Arrangement 

in description of signs 1 : 546. 
of Tewa ethnographical material 
29: 37 sq. 
Arrow 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 61, 66, 69, 72, 75, 

76, 78, 81, 82, 90, 91, 98, 99, 103, 

106, 108, 110, 111, 113. 

embedded in body, extraction of 

32: 416. 
in Tusayan ceremony 15: 281,285. 
leaf used in withdrawing from body 

32: 535. 
making by Arizona tribes 14: 275. 
medicine, ceremony of 14: 1026 
mention of 33: 660; 38: § 134-144, 

146, 190, 759, 764. 
of Chesapeake tribes 15: 85. 
Seri, construction of 17: 197* sq. 
Sen, decoration of 17: 175*. 
Seri, genesis of 17: 198* sq. 
Seri, relation to harpoon and fire-drill 

of 17: 198* sq. 
supernatural 31: 451. 
symbohsm of the 24: 33, 213 sqq., 

227 sqq., 335 sq. 
use of, by Hopi katcinas 21: 85, 86. 
use of 17: 225* sq. 
use in magic 32: 317. 
Arrow Ceremony 36: 145. 
Arrow Clan 

native names for 42: 116. 
See also Pakab Clan. 



Arrow- flaking by the Powhatan 15: 

62. 
Arrow Games 

description of 45: 132 sq. 

of the Arapaho 14: 962. 

of the Eskimo 1 1 : 246. 

of the Mandan 24: 393. 

of the Xenenot 11: 312. 

of the Sia 11: 60. 

study of 15: lxiv, lxvii; 16: 

LXXV 

use of, in ceremonial 11: 122. 
Arrow Order. See Sho'tikianna. 
Arrow Points 

and spearheads from Chiriqui 6: 34. 

as fetishes 47: 278. 

burial of shards resembling, Florida, 

peninsula 20: 119. 
distribution of 15: 142. 
Eskimo 18: 159, 161. 
in graves at Sikyatki 14: 519. 
in Wisconsin mounds 14: 38. 
iron, of the Seri 17: 247* sq. 
ivory, below Paimute 46: 67. 
ivory, Bonasila 46: 60, 135. 
ivory, Eskimo territory 46: 173. 
ivory, Ghost Creek 46: 63. 
materials used for 15: 85. 
modern stone 14: 281. 
of Arizona tribes 14: 256. 
of stones from Pueblo ruins 22, i: 

103. 
stone 46: 173. 
stone, Eskimo method of making 

18: 91. 
stone, of the Seri 17: 198*, 246* sq. 
what constitutes 15: 83. 
See also Projectile Points. 
Arrow Poison 38: § 123, 217. 

Seri, characters of 17: 256*-259*. 
travelers' accounts of 17: 54, 78, 

87, 97, 100, 101, 102, 103, 105. 
Arrow Polishers from Pueblo Viejo 

ruins, description and figures of 

22, i: 182, 183. 
Arrow-shaft 

polishers from Awatobi 17: 611, 

731. 
pohshers from Casa Grande 28: 

126. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



79 



Arrow-shaft — Continued 

polishers in Sikyatki graves 17: 

731. 
straighteners, Eskimo 18: SS sq. 
straightening 13: 126. 
Arrow Smoothers, stone 45: 40. 
Arrow-spearing Game 24: 437. 
Arrow Tightener of tlie Guiana In- 
dians 38: § 130. 
Arrow Trap 38: § 160. 
Arrowbush 

bark as a Pima medicine 26: 79. 
in basketry 26: 134. 
Arrowhead 

use of 44: 292, 319. 
See also Sagittaria Latifolia. 
Arrowheads 

application of the term 41: 317, 

321. 
authorship of 37: 86 sq. 
beveled, use of 13: 177. 
blunt, and scrapers compared 13: 

169. 
blunt, description of 13: 169. 
chipping of, discussed 13: 138, 

140. 
chipping of, time necessary for 13: 

142. 
classification of 44: 94 sq. 
definition of 13: 142. 
description of 44: 97-101; 45: 100. 
designs 41: 317, 321, 343 sg., 422 

sqq. 
distribution of 37: 79. 
flint, at Licking Reservoir 44: 513. 
found in mound 41: 575. 
from Awatobi 17: 618, 625. 
in Sikyatki graves 17: 731, 740. 
kilt worn by Man-Eagle 17: 692 

sq. 
materials used for 42: 692. 
mention of, from Casa Grande 28: 

130. 
method of flaking 13: 150. 
nomenclature of 13: 143. 
of America and Europe compared 

13: 58. 
of California Indians 13: 143. 
of volcanic glass 22, i: 183. 
stone 45: 42. 
types of 37: 88. 
variety of 45: 241. 
Arrowleaf 33: 65. 



Arrows 

bow and, use of 30: 314 sq., 361 sq 
broken 30: 

castigation -n-ith 210,302. 

charm from 214, 273. 

legends of 213 sq. 

used by spirits 361 sq. 
carried in wooden quiver 31: 50. 
ceremony connected with 39: 233 

sq., 364 sq. 
connected with sacred pole 27: 

228, 242, 247. 
description of 45: 99 sq. 
each Omaha has his own set of 3: 

291. 
Eskimo 18: 157, 161. 
five types of 37: 110. 
flaming, use of 42: 439. 
game played with 38: § 009, 610; 

42: 468; 46: 570. 
in declaration of war 4: 87, 88. 
in Menomini myth 14: 196. 
in Shell Society ceremony 28: 562, 

564. 
lucky, legend of 30: 214. 
making and exchange of, in Guiana 

13: 139. 
manufacture of 27: 449-452; 38: 

§ 128-133. 
marking of 27: 42, 43, 452. 
mission of 30: 362. 
mystic 45: 675. 
mystic, in Menomini myth 14: 

196. 
of the Cheyenne 14: 1024. 
of the Eskimo 9: 201-207. 
of the Menomini 14: 274. 
origin of 27: 70. 
protection against spirits by 30: 

293 sq. 
sacred, of the Cheyenne 13: 116; 

17: 242. 
sacred, in Sioux ceremony 14: 823. 
sacred, in Sioux Ghost-dance 14: 

788, 915, 916. 
songs of the 39: 233 sq., 364-369. 
shot upward 30: 361. 
spirally feathered 13: 178. 
spirit, diseases due to 30: 352, 356, 

361. 
.symboHc use of 39 : 207, 234, 364 sq. 
symbolism of, in Ghost-dance 14: 
" 789. 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPOKTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Arrows — Continued 

tools used by Eskimo in making 18: 

85. 
toy, wax tips of 30: 276. 
used by Padouca 27: 79. 
used for hunting sea otter 31: 50. 
used in gaming 14: 24.5. 
woods used for making 42: 692. 
See also Arrow; Bow and Arrow. 
Arrows and Bow 

finding of, at Clievlon 22, i: 100. 

u.sed in buffalo hunting 46: 542. 

Arrows, Seven Symbolic, story of 36: 

156. 
Arrowsmith, A. 

on influence of wild rice on geographic 

nomenclature 19: 1116, M17, 

1121. 
on Jemez 29: 402. 
on San Crist6bal 29: 480. 
on Santa Ana 29: 521. 
on Taos 29: 182. 
on territory of "Wild-rice Indians" 

19: 1042. 
Arrowwood 

use of 44: 294. 

See also Viburnum Acerifoliuni. 
Art 

anticjuity of shell works of 2: 187. 
burial and shell works of 2: 187. 
curvilinear 46: 

Bering Sea 174. 

Eskimo 363. 

fossil ivory 362, 363. 

Paleolithic and Europe, resem- 
blances to that of Bering Sea 175. 
evolution of 2: 185, 192, 202, 210, 

213, 225. 
inception of 2: 186. 
influenced by material 15: 23. 
lessons of northern ware concerning 

development of 20: 146. 
materials employed in 2: 185, 188. 
memoir on, in shell of the ancient 

Americans 2: 179-304. 
memoir on, etc., discussed 2: 

XXXIV. 

modern Italian, exhibiting gestures 

1: 292. 
of the Eskimo, incised patterns 9: 

389 sgq. 
of the Eskimo, painting 9: 3Q0 s(/q. 
of the Eskimo, carving in various 



Art — Continued 

of the E.skimo, carving of human 

figures 9: 373-398. 
of the Eskimo, carvings of quadru- 
peds 9: 398-401, 406 sq. 
of the Eskimo, carvings of whales 

9: 402-406. 
of the Eskimo, carvings of various 

objects 9: 406-409. 
of the Eskimo, pencil drawings 9: 

410. 
preservation of shell works of 2: 

180. 
primitive sjaiibolic types of, among 

peoples of Walpi, study of 22, i: 

XVII sq. 
Pueblo 4: 266. 
Pueblo, review, cited on coiled ware 

4: 279. 
purposes of stuth' of products of 

20: 18. 
remains in Palatki and Honanki 

17: 569. 
remains of chff and cave dwellers 

13: 351. 
remains of Potomac-Chesapeake 

province 15: 20, 146. • 
stone, influenced by geologv 15: 

137. 
stone, memoir on 13: 47-148. 
textile, memoir on 13: 3-45. 
textile and fictile, degree of Pueblo 

advancement in 8: 227. 
Tsimshian, geometric, essentially 

woman's 31: 57. 
Tsimshian, realistic, essentially 

man's 31: 56 sq. 
See also Arts. 
Art Products, classification of 14: 

XXXVIl. 

Artemisia Absinthium 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 

medicinal properties of 44: 300. 

use of 44: 287, 362. 
Artemisia Canadensis 45: 470. 
Artemisia Dracunculoides 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 

medicinal properties of 44: 300. 

mention of 33:134; 45:463,512. 

use of 44: 287, 325, 338, 344, 350, 
356, 362. 
Artemisia Frigida 

mention of 33: 134; 45: 465,497. 

use of 44: 287, 336, 3.56, 364. 



S-ERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



81 



Artemisia Gnaphalodes 
mention of 33: 134. 
use of 44: 2S7, 366, 376. 
Artemisia sp. 45: 468, 469, 500, 510. 
Artemisia Tridentata, use of 45: 

459. 
Arthur, Gabriel, reference to 42: 736. 
Artichoke, Jerusalem. See Jerusa- 
lem Artichoke. 
Article Pronouns in Indian languages 

1: 9, 10. 
Articles 

made by Navaho silversmiths 2: 

171, 176. 
of European manufacture recovered 
from mound 48: 4. 
Articles of Confederation, regula- 
tion of Indian Affairs in 18: 639 

Articulate Speech preceded by ges- 
ture 1 : 274, 284. 
Artifacts 

conclusions drawn from 41: 613. 

condition of 44: 72. 

description of 44: 72, 168. 

from mound 41: 575. 

of the Seri, classes of 17: 248* sq. 

Pima 26: 

architecture 153-157. 

basketry 113, 131-148. 

clothing 157 sq. 

cultural importance 95. 

fiber and leather 113-124. 

pottery 124-131. 

stone 95, 108-112. 

textiles 148-153. 

wood 95-108. 
See also Implements; Utensils. 
Artificial 

Articulation 1: 275, 307. 

flowers, appearance of, in apparel of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 85. 
objects, pictographs on 10: 215 sqq. 
Artillery 

substitutes for, devised by Spaniards 

14: 500. 
use of, at Chiametla 14: 481. 
use of, bj' Indians 14: 524. 
use of, in exploring expeditions 14: 

546. 
Artiplex Coronata Wats., Pima food 

l.lant 26: 69. 
Artiplex Elegans Dietrich, Pima food 

plant 26: 69. 



Artiplex Lentiformis 

in Pima basketry 26:135. 
Pima food plant 26: 78. 
Pima medicinal plant 26: 80. 
Artiplex Nuttallii, Pima food plant 

26: 77. 
Artiplex Polycarpa in Pima basketry 

26: 135. 
Artiplex sp. 

Pima food plant 26: 73. 
See also Saltbushes. 
Artist in Ancient Pottery, freedom of 

4: 279. 
Arts 

aboriginal, plan of director of Bureau 
of American Ethnology for mono- 
graphs on 20: 16. 
ceramic, among the Eskimo 11: 

259. 
ceramic, among the Nenenot 11: 

297. 
ceramic, among the Sia 1 1 : 60. 
determination of culture status of 

peoples by 20: 22. 
Eskimo 18: xxxiv, 196-205. 
factors controlling 20: 22 sq. 
implements used by Eskimo in 18: 

116. 
of Cibola and Tusayan closely re- 
lated 8: 224. 
of Siouan tribes 15: 170. 
phonetic and graphic 15: 168. 
plants used in 44: 377. 
primitive, egoism reflected in 19: 

832. 
restrictions on 30: 292, 302 sqq. 
structural, among the Sia 11: 23. 
use of pottery in, by American abo- 
rigines 20: 25. 
value of pottery in study of 20: 

18, 19. 
See also Esthetology; Esthetic 
Arts; Fine Arts. 
Aruba Island, IFesf Indies, petroglyphs 

hi 10: 139 sq. 
Arum, poison from 38: § 735. 
Aruncas Acuminatus 45: 457. 
Arureso Bird, legend concerning 30: 

226. 
Arvide, Martin de, killed by the Zuni 

13: 327, 328. 
Aryan Problem 20: CLXiii sq. 



82 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Asa 

language of the 8: 37. 

houses of, Hano 8: 61. 

migration of the 8: 30, .31; 17:622. 

people join the Hopi 17: 578. 

settle at Sichomovi 17: 578. 
Asa Clan 

affiliation of, with Zuni 21: 29. 

celebration of advent of katcinas 
of, in Pamtirti 21: 57. 

dramatization of return of ancients 
of 21: 16. 

house of, display of masks in 21 : 28. 

house of, entrance of Paniiirti pro- 
cession into 21: 27, 28. 

introduction of East Mesa Natackas 
into Tusayan by 21: 71. 

katcina return dance of the 21: 62. 

Kokopelli introduced by 21: 86. 

mention of 21: 61, 62. 

or Tcakwaina Clans, migrations and 
census of 19: 610-613. 

origin of 21:26. 

participation of, in Pamiirti cere- 
mony 21: 21. 

representation of return of ancients 
of 21: 26-29. 
Asa (Tansy-Mustard) Clan, advent 

of, at Walpi 19: 585 sg. 
Asa Group, component clans of 19: 

5S4. 
Asa'nk liqoan, local group of Hutsu- 

iiuwu 26: -112. 
Asanyumu. See Asa 
Asarum Canadense 

medicinal constituents of 44: 303. 

medicinal properties of 44: 300. 

use of 44: 287, 307, 31S, 334, 342, 
348, 366. 
Asarum Caudatum 45: 460, 496, 

508. 
Asatitola, present name of Biiiiik'i 

14: 909. 
Asay, J. F. 

on mortalitj' at Wounded Knee 14: 
870. 

on Sioux Ghost-dance 14: 915. 
Asbestos, use of, at Chaves Pass 

puflilos 22, i: 110 «g. 
Ascena or Timber Indians 1 : 103. 
Asclepiadaceae 33: 109. 
Asclepias, species of, used medicinally 

42: 667, 66s. 
Asclepias Exaltata 33: 110. 



Asclepias Incarnata 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 

medicinal properties of 44: 300. 

use of 44: 287, 307, 320, 360, 376. 
Asclepias Speciosa 45: 470,498,513. 
Asclepias Syriaca 33: 109. 
Asclepias Tuberosa 33: 109. 
Ascyrum, species of, used medicinally 

42: 666. 
Ascyrum Multicaule, medicinal use 

of 42: 664. 
Asdilda, the story of, and omen 31: 

260-270. 
Asdi-wa'l 

story of 31: 243. 

Waux, the son of, story of 31: 
243-246. 
Ash 

mention of 33: 108. 

mystic character of 33: 108. 

plies, use of 47: 210. 

use of 44: 289, 364, 377. 
Ash, Black, use of 44: 289, 377. 
Ash Wood, use of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 19. 
Ashawakanau, genealogy of 14: 57. 
Ashbow Family, mention of 43: 224. 
Ashcroft Bands, as basket makers 

41: 144. 
Ashe, Thomas 

cited 12: 696. 

dishonesty of 42: 761. 
Ashes 

ceremonially used 15: 285. 

Eskimo traditional falls of 18: 
449 sq. 

tobacco 38: § 283, 284. 

use of, as tempering material in 
eastern U. S. pottery 20: 46. 

use of, in ceremonial 11: 134. 

use of, in religious formalities 9: 
536. 
Asheville, N. C, petroglyphs near 

10: 99. 
Ash-heap Pueblo, former site of 

Walpi 17: 635. 
Ashivak 46: 187. 
A'shiwanni, Rain Priesthood 

associate, method of promotion 23: 
166. 

associate, requirements of 23: 166. 

associates, duties of female 23: 
165. 

confined to families 23: 165, 160. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



83 



A'shiwanni, Rain Priesthood — Contd. 
decline of eligiblcs for membership 

in 23: 166, 167. 
designations given to 23: 163. 
enumeration of 23: 167, 168. 
H'lone, care of 23: 164. 
et'tone, description of 23: 163. 
el' tone, sacredness of 23: 164. 
et'towe, taking of flashlight picture 

of 23: 164, 165. 
impeachment of a shi'wanni, power 
of priestess of fecundity 23: 
166. 
members of 23: 163. 
mention of 23: 163-180. 
math shi' wanni 23: 167 (note). 
order of retreat of, in 1891 23: 

180. 
iSee also Mythology; Shi'wanni; 
Te'likinawe. 
A'-shi-wa-ni or priests of Zuni 2: 

12. 
A'shiwi 

a Zufii synonym 2: 9; 13: 367. 
history myth of (free translation, 
text, and interlinear translation) 
23: 73-89. 
characters and objects in 23:73. 
>Kidklo, quenching of thirst of, dur- 
ing 23: 89. 
order of recitation in each Ki'wi'sine 

23: 89. 
purpose of recitation of 23: 89. 
See also Mythology. 
Ashiwi. Sec A'shiwi. 
A'shi-wi. Sec A'shiwi. 
Ashkum's Band 

cession of reserve by 18: 762, 766. 
reservation for 18: 742. 
Ashland County, Ohio, mounds in 

5: 47. 
Ashley, Edward 

cited on Indian beliefs 1 1 : 444. 
on the Sisseton 15: 217. 
on Wahpetan gentes 15: 216. 
Ashley, James M., commissioner for 

Cherokee boundary 5: 365. 
Ashley, Gen. William H., attacked by 
the Ankara 4: HI. 



Asi 

a busk medicine 42: 547. 
ceremonial drinking of 42: 538- 

544, 565, 604, 606. 
medicinal properties of 42: 666. 
mention of 42: 449, 577, 582, 598, 

603, 606, 608. 
preparation of 42: 565. 
use of 42: 607. 
See also Black Drink; Cassine; Ilex 

Vomitoria. 
Asi 

characters of 19: 462. 

recitation of sacred myths in 19: 

230. 
Asia 

cultural affinities with Alaska 46: 

175. 
living remnants in, of stocks that 

people America 46: 29. 
origin of Eskimo in 46: 330, 333- 

339, 359, 361. 
petroglyphs in 10: 185-188. 
Asiatic 

affinities of Western Eskimo 46: 

214-227, 240, 250. 
American connections 46: 197. 
cultures, influence of 46: 145, 146, 

173. 
Eskimo 46: 226, 234, 237, 361, 

364. 
Asiatic Coast, Northeastern 
archeology 46: 88, 363. 
connections with America 46: 96. 
crania 46: 254, 257, 259, 364. 
fossil-ivory culture 46: 174. 
migrations from, inevitable 46: 93, 

96. 
sites 46: 168, 169, 170, 171, 210. 
visibility of 46: 93, 96. 
visits to, from St. Lawrence Island 

46: 97. 
Asiatics, visits of, to America 46: 

96, 97. 
Asilanabi 

allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 42 : 

214, 232. 
clan councils of 42: 124. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 

bas 42 192. 



84 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 



Asilanabi — Continued 

clans, phratries and moieties of 42 : 

158 sq. 
mention of 42: 547. 
new fire ceremony of 42: 589. 
plan of ceremonial ground of 42: 

214, 233. 
position of beds at 42: 198. 
Upper Creek White town 42: 124, 
254. 
Asinais, a Caddo synonym 14: 1092. 
Asiniboin 

account of the 15: 222. 
and Cheyenne hostility 14: 1024. 
and Mandan hostility 15: 196. 
definition and divisions of 15: 161. 
Ghost-dance among the 14: 817. 
habitat of the 7: 115. 
history of the 15: 189. 
migration of the 15: 198. 
population of the 7: 117. 
smaUpox among the 17: 275. 
Tenskwatawa religion among the 

14: 679. 
tribal origin of the 15: 190. 
See also Assiniboin. 
Asis, Ruiz de, expedition 25: 274. 
Asking, signs for 1: 461. 
Asking Festival of the Eskimo 18: 

359 sqq. 
Askinuk 

carvings from 18: 196. 
clothing from 18: 33. 
description of 18: 249. 
hospitality of people of 18: 297. 
implements from 18: 94, 97, 107, 

143, 144, 156, 162, 168, 177, 192. 
mention of 46: 170, 194. 
mortuary feasts at 18: 378 sq. 
ornaments from 18: 45, 46, 61. 
tobacco implements from 18: 275, 

278 sq. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 
220, 222, 223. 
Asmusen, P., mention of 46: 367. 
Aspen 

quaking, use of 45: 464, 497, 504. 
use of 44: 291, 320. 
See also Populus Tremuloides. 
Asperger 

in Oraibi Antelope dance 16: 293. 
in Oraibi Snake dance 16: 293. 
performance of the 16: 306. 



Aspergill 

at Oraibi altar 16: 291. 
importance of, in Snake 

19: 974. 
in Cipaulovi Snake dance 16: 284. 
in Oraibi Snake dance 16: 294. 
Asphalt 

found at Chevlon ruin 22,1: 111. 
objects of 44: 105 sq. 
Asphaltum, used by California In- 
dians 2: 191, 209, 218. 
Aspiroz, Manuel de, acknowledgment 

to 22, i: XI. 
Assassins, employment of 30: 357. 
Assembly 

mention of 35: 928, 975. 

of chiefs and shamans 35: 733. 

of chiefs of numayms 35:907. 

of Numaym 35: 769, 891, 898, 

958,978, 981, 987, 994, 1003, 1029, 

1031, 1037, 1042, 1064, 1083, 1091, 

1360. 
of tribe 35: 1012, 1363 sq., 1377. 
of tribe after death 35: 1087. 
Assimilation, by the Tundra 
of remains 46: 77. 
of skeletal remains 46: 79, 97, 

111, 118, 136, 172, 184, 195. 
Assinaboin. See Assiniboin. 
Assiniboin 

l>L4iefs among 11: 431, 436, 485, 

492. 
consume wild rice 19: 1055. 
data on scalp and war dances of 40: 

548. 
fasting among 40: 547. 
fetishism among 1 1 : 498. 
Flathead name for 45: 302. 
games of the 24: 
" archery 383, 391. 

dice games 173-177. 

hand game 276, 316 sq. 

hand-and-foot ball 705, 707. 

hoop and pole 502. 

racket 610 sq. 

shinny 616, 636 sq. 

shufHeboard 728. 

snow-snake 415. 

stick games 258. 

tossed ball 710. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

786. 
meaning of tribal name 19: 1054. 
migration of the 45: 320. 
Montana, rock pictures in 10: 33. 



bonneejea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



85 



Assiniboin — Continued 

relations between, and Saulteanx 
19: 1040. 

sow wild rice 19: 1057. 

tribal designation of 10: 381. 

tribal history, migrations and settle- 
ment of 19: 1054 s?. 

wars with the 45: 366. 
Assiniboin Indians 

advancement of 46: 579 sq. 

attitude of, toward debts 46: 476. 

character of 46: 459. 

characteristics of 46: 397, 46S. 

discussion of method of dealing with 
46: 470-474. 

etymologic interpretations of the 
"name 46: 381. 

intellectual capacity of 46: 593- 
602. 

intertribal relations of 46: 403 sq. 

mention of 4: 116, 119, 124. 

names of the 46: 396. 

origin of the 46: 395. 

progress of the 46: 620-623. 

strength of, compared with white 
man's 46: 529. 

territory occupied by 46: 396 sq. 

traditional origin of the 46: 382. 

See also Assiniboin. 
Association Pictographs 4: 203- 

206. 
Assyrian Subjects, painted on cotton 

34: 30. 
Aster 

use of 44: 307, 320. 

used in folklore 30: 84. 

used in medicine 30: 43. 
Aster Foliacus 45: 461. 
Aster Nemoralis, use of 44: 287,360. 
Aster Novae-angliae, use of 44: 

Aster Puniceus, use of 44: 287, 376. 
Aster sp., use of 33: 133. 
Asthma among the Pima 26: 268. 
Astor Library, visited 15: XL. 
Astragalus Caroliniana 33: 91. 
Astragalus Crassicarpus, use of 44: 

2S7, ::i:;(;, 35(1, 304. 
Astragalus Decumbens 45: 514. 
Astragalus Giganteus 45: 514. 
Astragalus Purshii 45: 473, 504, 

507, 516. 
Astragalus sp. 45: 473. 



Astrocaryum sp. See Tucum. 
Astrology, stepping-stone to modern 

science 19: 825 sq. 
Astronomy 

among the Tlingit 26:427. 
Eskimo ideas of 18: 449. 
of the Hopi Indians 15: 259. 
Astu'gata'ga, Lieutenant, death of 

19: 170. 
Astute, sign for 1: 305. 
Asunalgi 

a Creek clan 42: 116, 119. 
affiliations of 42: 121. 
derivation of the name 42: 121. 
Asuncion, Juan de la, explorations by 

17: 51. 
A Sure Revenge, an Iroquois tale 

2: 104. 
Ataakut, stick games of the 24: 233. 
Atabaca Indians, beliefs of, as to 

eclipses 30: 257. 
Atabapo Indians, belief of, as to God 

30: 117. 
Atbi-hogandi, an Awatobi synonym 

17: .594. 
A'-taha-ik'-i, death of 17: 282. 
Atahnam, a Yakima mission 14: 

717. 
Atahualpa, killed by Pizarro 14: 

254. 
Ataga'hi, myths concerning 19: 321 

sq., 461, 470. 
Atakapa 

belief of, in chief deity 42: 482. 
cannibalism among the 42: 705. 

713. 

Cherokee relations with 19: 391. 

cultural distinctions of 42: 712. 

descent among, uncertain 42: 695. 

Atakapa Language, grammatical 

sketch of 39: 13. 
Atakapan Group, linguistic relations 

of 42: 678. 
Atakullakulla 

agreement with, for building forts 

19: 40. 
attempts to bring peace by 19: 42, 

44. 
offer of aid to Americans by 19: 54. 
rescue of Captain Stuart by 19: 44, 



A'tanum-'lema, sketch of 
738. 



14: 



86 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Atara, use oi name, in Hako ceremony 

22. ii: 44. 
Atasa 

carried in women's dance 42: 549. 
the war symbol 42: .549. 
See also War Clubs. 
Atasi 

allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 219, 249, 250. 
at Tukabahchee busk 48: 559, 568. 
elan councils of 43: 125. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 

has 42: 192, 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42: 

159 sg. 
headship of, among Tallapoosa towais 

42: 310. 
myths regarding 42: 69. 
position of beds at 42: 198. 
square of, described by Bartram 

42: 183. 
town emblem of 42: 243, 244. 
Upper Creek Red town 42: 125, 
255. 
Atchison and Pikes Peak Bailroad 
Company, sale of land to 18: 
S26. 
Atcukliba, name of lizard 42: 495. 
Atestisti, treaty signed by, in 1867 

17: 186. 
Atfalti, population of 7: 82. 
Athahachi, mention of mound at 

42: 175. 
Athapascan Indian 

basketry of the 41:134. 
chart-making by 10: 341. 
clothing of 18: 33 sq. 
emblem of the 10: 612. 
Eskimo name for 18: 307. 
ethnologic specimens from 18: 21. 
influence on Eskimo of 18: 23,242. 
practice of tattooing by 10: 395. 
research among the 18: xxix. 
social customs of the 18: 287. 
Tewa name for 29: 573. 
trading voyages by 18: 232. 
woodworking by 18: 70. 
See also Athapascans. 
Athapascan Bibliography, work on 

14: xLii. 
Athapascan Dialects of Oregon, lin- 
guistic study of 10: xix. 



Athapascan Family 7: 51-56. 
Athapascan Languages 
bibliograi^hy of 13: xli. 
sketch of Hupa 29: 18. 
Athapascan Stock 
games of the 24: 

ring and pin 528. 

stick games 227. 
tribes of the 24: 

Apache (Chiricahua) 385, 449. 

Apache (JioariUa) 345, 449. 

Apache (Mescalero) 449, 803. 

Apache (San Carlos) 86, 450. 

Apache (White Mountain) 87, 
450, 762. 

Ataakut 233. 

Chipewj-an 272, 385. 

Colville 457. 

Etchareottine 272. 

Han Kutcin 272. 

Hupa 91, 233, 542, 656, 763. 

Kawchodinne 92, 272, 543. 

Kutchin 272. 

Miknotunne 236, 623. 

Mishikhwutmetunne 236, 623. 

Navaho 92, 346-349, 385, 457, 
623, 628, 722, 763, 781, 804. 

Sarsi 272, 460. 

Sekani 97, 236. 

Slaveys 544. 

Takulli 97, 236 sqq., 272 sqq., 
409, 460 sq., 781. 

Thlingchadinne 543. 

Tlelding 238. 

Tsetsaut 624, 767. 

Tututni 239. 

Umpqua 274. 

Whilkut 239. 
unknown to Omaha 27: 102. 
Athapascan Tribes 

absence of clans among 17: 227. 
of Alaska, records of 23: xvi. 
Athapascans 

adopted from the Tlingit 26: 423. 
character of the 26: 411. 
language of the 26: 474, 485. 
myths of the, reference to 1 1 : 391, 

484. 
range of 26: 396. 
relations of, with the Tliugit 26: 

409, 413, 414. 
stone ax of the 46: 147. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



87 



Athenaeus 

account of Telestes 1: 286. 
classification of gestures 1: 285. 
Athens, Pa., vase from 20: 166. 
Athens County, Ohio, movinds in 

5: 47. 
Athletic 

games of the Eskimo 18: 331. 
pleasures of 19: lxiii-lxviii. 
sports of the Pima 26: 171-174. 
Athletics, Indian 11: 321. 
Athyriuin Felixfemina 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
use of 44: 287, 248. 
Atison, Pima \illage 26: 20. 
Atkins, Dr. Francis H., on signs of 

Apaches 1: 325. 
Atkins, J. D. C. 

on east Cherokee suit against main 

band 19: 152. 
recommendation for east Cherokee 
removal by 19: 177. 
Atkins, Miss Julia S. 
appointment of 41: 73. 
resignation of 42: 19. 
work of 41: 71, 106, 116. 
Atkinson's Camp, location of 37: 

99. 
Atl 

day symbol discussed 16: 237. 
day symbol, meaning of 16: 238. 
Atlanta Constitution, on effect of 
Georgia anti-Cherokee laws 19: 
118. 
Atlanta Exposition 

Bureau exhil^it at 18: Lxxix 
exhibits at 17: lviii. 
Atlantic Coast Pottery 
area covered by 20: 21. 
character of 20: 175. 
recentness of employment of animal 

figures in 20: 128. 
resemblance of Northwestern pot- 
tery to 20: 196. 
iSee also Florida Peninsula Pot- 
tery; Middle Atlantic Coast 
Pottery; South Appalachian 
Pottery. 
Atlantic and Pacific Slopes, distinc- 
tions between types of 12: 522. 
Atlas 

mention of 46: 159. 

showing cessions of land 1 : 252. 



AtUn, a Clayoquot chief 24: 190. 
Atnah Tribe, considered distinct from 

Salish by Gallatin 7: 103. 
Atnik 46: 200, 208. 
Atnuk, description of 18: 252. 
Atocle 

derivation of 21: 71, 125. 

description of 21: 75, 76. 

participation in Powamfl festival by 
21: 67. 
Atoko Clan, \\-ith the Patun clan 19: 

.595. 
Atonement 

al)sence of behet in 11: 521. 

no conception of 46: 490. 
Atorai Indians, belief of, as to petri- 
fication of body 30: 152. 
Atosis, Abnaki myth of 10; 471. 
A"to-t'ain 

a Kiowa chief 17: 338. 

death of 17: 343. 
Atotarho, Stone-giant of the Iroquois 

2: 53, 54. 
Atriplex Bracteosa var., Pima food 

plant 26: 69. 
Atriplex Canescens in Pima basketry 

26: 135. 
Atsi. See Arch, John. 
Atsina 

Blackfoot name of Gros Ventres 14: 
955. 

Flathead name for 45:302. 

linguistic classification of 28: 234. 

mention of 4: 108. 

name of, in sign language 45: 147. 

tribal signs for 1: 462. 

See also Gros Ventres. 
Attacapa 

linguistic material of 30: 19. 

research among 28: 12; 30: 18. 
Attacapa Language, dictionary of 



29: 



Attacapan Family 7: 56 sg. 
Attachers, Cord, used by the Eski- 
mo 18: 142-145. 
Attack in War 

methods of, among Guiana Indians 

38: § 762 sqq. 
Omaha preparations for making 3: 

326. 
Omaha preparations for receiving 
3: 313. 
Attacus Orizaba, cocoons of 26: 
169. 



88 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Attakapa Language, said to be spoken 

by the Korankawa 7: S2. 
Attalea Funifera 38: §72. 
Attalea Speciosa 38: § 2S, 3S7. 
Attawanhood, sale of land by 18: 

617. 
Attendants 

of Cannibal 35: S56, S61. 
of dancers 35: 848, 873. 
Attendants at Feasts 
duties of 37: 329. 
iiientKin of 35: 43S. 
Attendants of Chief 35: 762 sg. 
Attendants of Host 35: 758. 
Attention, signal for 1: 539. 
Attikumaag, Ojibwa treat}- signer 

14: 28. 
Atua'mih, a Pit River band 14: 

1052. 
Atwater, Caleb 

compound vase described bj- 20: 

138. 
describes shell necklace 2: 23 L 
describes shell vessel 2: 197. 
on burial mounds 1: 117. 
on dice games of the Winnebago 

24: 189. 
on duck in Winnipeg River 19: 

1098. 
on racket of the Winnebago 24: 

616. 
on running races of the Winnebago 

24: 809. 
on synonym for Menomini Indians 

19: 1048. 
on wild rice in Wisconsin River 19: 

1034. 
on Winnebago storing food 19: 

1071, 1072. 
quoted 12: 568, 569, 667, 716. 
Aua-tu-ui, an Awatobi synonym 17: 

594. 
Aubbenaubbee's Band 

cession of reserve by 18: 758. 
reservation for 18: 740. 
Aubecuh. See Abihka. 
Auctioneering 

Zuni, description of 23: 379. 
Zuni, reasons for 23:378. 
Audiencia 

definition of 14: 472. 
expedition into new territory forbid- 
den by 14: 369. 
functions of the 14: 350. 



Audubon, assisted by Denig 46: 

381. 
Augmentation, Law of, in primitive 

numbers 19: 839-842. 
Augur, Gen. G. C, treaty commis- 
sioner 17: 183. 
Auguries. See Omens. 
Augusta, Ga. 

intermingling of wares in mound 

near 20: 137. 
occurrence of Middle Mississippi 
types of pottery near 20: 80 sq. 
opening of path from Cherokee 

country to 19: 36. 
trail to 42: 775. 
treaty of, 1763 18: 637; 19: 45. 
Auk 

a Tlingit tribe 26: 396. 
clans and house groups 26: 403. 
phratries and clans 26:399,412. 
population of 7: 87. 
Auk Indians, Southeastern Alaska 

46: 33. 
Auk Point, Indian remains at 46: 33. 
Aukelenuiaiku 33: 625, 629, 636. 
Auklet 

Eskimo clothing made from beak and 

skin of 18: 30, 31, 37. 
Eskimo fishing apparatus made from 

beak and skin of 18: 177-180. 
Eskimo methods of catching 18: 
133. 
Aunt, status of 47: 238. 
Aurignacian, affinities with Eskimo,, 

Indian 46: 357. 
Aurora, Ind., mention of mounds 

around 42: 789. 
Aurora BoreaUs 

a man-being in Iroquoian cosn; 

21: 156, 172, 175. 
belief concerning 42: 479. 
in Menomini myth 14: 210. 
Auroras 

Eskimo belief concerning 18 
Eskimo myth concerning 11: 266. 
of the Ungava district 11: 173. 
Austin, Amory, on composition of 

white rice 19: 1082. 
Austin, F. B., mounds on land of 12: 

163. 
Austin, Rev. Gilbert, Chironomia 1 : 

289. 
Austin, Tex., flint implements found 
near 40: 4. 



'logy 



449. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



89 



Australia, petroglyphs in 10: 161- 

165. 
Australian Natives 

ceremcinial use of color by 10: 62S. 
charm or fetish of 10: 504. 
conventional representations by 10: 

652 sq. 
decoration of body with feathers by 

10: 207. 
magic and initiation ceremonies of 

10: 513 sq. 
message sticks of 10: 369 sg?. 
messenger of death of 10: 525. 
messengers and mode of invitation of 

10: 368, 369. 
messengers of vengeance (pinya) of 

10: 433. 
mourning ceremony of 10: 630. 
mythic personages of 10: 489 sq. 
pictographs on skins by 10: 219. 
scarification of 10: 416 sq. 
songs and song writers of 10: 250. 
war colors of 10: 633. 
wommeras and clubs of 10: 753. 
Australians 

gestures of the 1 : 306. 
scaflfold burial among the 1: 167. 
tattooing of the 4: 76. 
use of flakes among the 13: 172. 
Ausummowett, sagamore of Aroo- 

saguntacook 43: 174. 
Authorities 

cited, Ust of 14:1104-1110. 

in sign language, list of 1: 401 

sqq. 
made use of 42: 32. 
on Siouan cults 11: 361. 
Authority 

in household 47: 477. 
political, of tribe 47: 478. 
symbols of 38: § 751. 
Authors 

and works cited, list of 10: 777- 

808. 
ci noted by Bancroft 4: 6t3. 
Autobiography of a Fox Indian 

Woman 40: 291-349. 
Autochthony of the Seri Indians 17: 

12, 26S*. 
Autogenous Similarities 3: lxvi. 
Automatons of the Eskimo 9: 372 

sq. 
Autonomy, waning, of Cherokee 19: 
153-157. 



Autossee, battle at 19: 92. 

Autowwe, reservation for 18: 674. 

Ava, 111., petroglyphs near 10: 77. 

Avatc Hoya, appearance of, in con- 
nection with Humis katcina, in 
Pamurti 21: 27. 

Avavares, mention of 42: 739. 

Avebury, Lord. See Lubbock, Sir 
John. 

Avens, use of 44: 289, 356; 45: 
464, 476, 493, 504, 506, 507. 

Averill, A. B., material collected by 
24: 158. 

Avery, Mrs. A. C. 

acknowledgments to 19: 13. 

on Cherokee part in Civil War 19: 

169. 
on Col. W. H. Thomas 19: 162. 

Avian Figures. See Bird Designs. 

Avila, Pedro de, ringleader in rebellion 
at Suva 14: 533. 

Avila y Ayala, Fray Pedro de, mission- 
ary at Zuni 13: 329. 

Avoca, N. C, coiled pottery from 4: 
277. 

Avocado Pear cultivated liy Guiana 
Indians 38: §246. 

Avocations. See Occupations. 

Avoidance of personal names by the 
Inciians 4: 171. 

Avoyel Indians, reference to 42: 

Avunculate among the Tsimshian 

31: 425. 
Awa 33: 619, 651, 661. 
Awakokshu, the holy place 22, ii: 

2S3. 
AwaUache land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 780. 
Awani 

games of the 24: 

dice games 143. 

shinny 630. 
A'wanita, or Young Deer, Cherokee 

formulas furnished by 7: 316. 
Awata Clan, same as Pakab Clans 

19: 608 sg. 
A-wa-te-u, an Awatobi synonym 

17: 594. 
Awatobi 

advent of Patufi clans at 19: 595. 
and Sikyatki pottery compared 17: 

659. 



90 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL EEPORTS 



Awatobi — Continued 

arrowshaft and polishers from 17: 

611, 731. 
destroyed in 1700 15: 305, 310. 
destruction of, referred to 19: Sii',. 
disposal of dead 28: 117, US. 
etymology of 17: 594. 
founded by Pakab-Awata clans 19: 

609. 
germ-god of 21: 3S. 
introduction of Owakiilti into 21: 

58. 
legend of de.struction of 17: 602. 
massacre at 21: 74. 
migration of the people of, to Middle 

Mesa 21: 104. 
population of 17: 637. 
pottery of 28: 1.39, 141, 156. 
probable home of Pakab clans 19: 

608. 
reasons for excavating 17: 591. 
representation of Deer katcinas from 

21: 103. 
ruins of, examined 17: 535. 
settlement of Sikyatki people at 17: 

634. 
settlement by Kiikiichomo and Siki- 

yatki people 17: 596. 
vi-sitedin 1540 17: 596. 
work at 17: xxxix. 
See also Pakab Clan. 
Awatobi Maid 

birth of child by 21: 104. 
meeting of Alosaka with 21: 121. 
Awatobi Soyok taka 
derivation of 21: 71. 
description of 21: 74. 
participation in Powamu festival by 

21: 67. 
Awatobi Soyok wiiqti 
description of 21: 75. 
participation in Powamd festival \yy 

21: 67. 
Awatubi, an Awatobi synonym 17: 

594. 
Awatubi 

attacked by the Walpi 8: 34. 
clay tubes used as roof drains at 

8: 155. 
description of ruins of 8: 49, 50. 
fragments of passage wall at 8: 

181. 
possession of sheep by 8: 50. 
settlement of the Asa at 8: 30. 



Awatubi — Continued 

Spanish mis.sion established at 8: 

survey of 8: 14. 
when and by whom built 8: 29. 
Awatui pottery 4: 493. 
A-wat-u-i, an Awatobi synonym 17: 

594_. 
Awik'IEnox", origin of abalone names 

of 35: 1261. 
A'wini'ta, myth told by 19: 454. 
A'wisho. See Mythology. 
Awisho tehuli of Zuni mythology 

13: 383. 
Awitelin Tsita of Zuiii mythology 

13: 379. 
Awiten Tehu'hlnakwi of Zuni myth- 
ology 13: 379. 
Awl 

game, of Plains tribes 14: 1002 sq. 
Indian term for 41: 392. 
manner of using 41: 160. 
.See aho Awls; Perforator. 
Awl game. .See Ahl Game; Awl 

{jgame). 
Awls 

bone 44: 106 sqq. 
bone, from Awatobi 17: 627. 
bone, from Pueblo ruins, descrip- 
tion of figures of 22, i: 94. 
from Guadeloupe 34: 135. 
of the Eskimo 9: 181, 182; 18: 

81. 106, 108. 
of the Nenenot 11: 318. 
of the Seri 17: 230*. 
wooden 44: 165. 
Awnkote 

purcha.se of reserve for 18: 750. 
reservation for 18: 724. 
Awonawilona of Zuiii mythology 13 : 

379. 
A'wonawil'ona, Description of. 

.S( ( Mythology. 
Ax, John 

Cherokee story-teller 19: 229. 

information furnished by 24: 475. 

myths told by 19: 430, 431, 435, 

436, 438, 440, 448-452, 454 sqq., 

460, 462, 463, 466, 471, 473, 476, 

477, 481. 

Ax-like Instruments, described 15: 

90, 92. 
Axa, ijrovince of, in Great Plains 14: 
492. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



91 



aboriginal method of making 15: 

68. 
absent from Porto Rico collection 

34: 131. 
anchor 34: 148. 

asymetrical 34: 102 sgq., 138 sq. 
bowlders used for 15: 142. 
ceremonial 11:454; 34:133,142. 
characteristic of Lesser Antilles 34: 

174, 180. 
collection of Indian 3: 521. 
copper, types of 37: 88. 
double-edged 46: 82, 135, 147 sgq. 
eared 34: 108 sq., 139-143. 
eared, where found 34: 59, 93. 
engraved 34: 109 sq., 144-147. 
Eskimo 18: 88, 91, 92; 46: 67, 

69, 82, 87. 
from Dominica 34: 125. 
from Great Cayman 34: 258. 
from Guadeloupe 34: 132 sq., 138- 

143. 
from St. Lucia 34: 131. 
from St. Vincent region 34: 94- 
104, 108 sqq. 

from Tobago 34: 78. 

grooved 34: 101 sq., 145. 

grooved, described 13: 62. 

grooved, development of 15: 98. 

grooved, material used in making 
16: 141. 

grooved, nomenclature of 13: 62. 

how finished 15: 26. 

ivory 46: 149. 

jadeite, near Barrow 46: 319. 

material of 30: 127. 

materials used in making 15: 99. 

notched 34: 74, 78. 

of Spanish type recovered from 
mound 48: 4. 

of the Omaha 13: 278. 

of unusual size 34: 130. 

onthe Yukon, at Burchell's 46: 46. 

perforated 34: 147 sq. 

produced by flaking 15: 26. 

remodeled for steatite working 15: 
126, 127, 130, 131, 132 sq. 

Ruby 46: 48. 

sign for 1 : 386. 

stone 42: 689 sq. 

stone. Anchorage, Chitna 46: 14S. 

stone, Casa Grande 28: 123 .^q. 

stone, from Awatobi 17: 625. 
95719°— 33 7 



Axes — Continued 

stone, from Homolobi, figure show- 
ing 22, i: 102. 
stone, from Wolpi 2: 375. 
stone, from Zuni 2: 320, 327. 
stone, in Sikyatki graves 17: 730, 

731. 
stone, of Guiana Indians 38: §6,7. 
Tanana 46: 43. 
tortoise shell 38: § 10. 
typical of Lesser Antilles 34: 146, 
" 262. 

used as pottery polishers 13: 99. 
winged, from Tobago 34: 78. 
with animal head on poll 34: 140. 
with caps 34: 100 sq. 
with regular margins 34: 138. 
Yukon 46: 134, 135, 145, 146, 147, 

148. 
See also Celts. 
Aya, description of 21: 114. 
Ayasta, Cherokee manuscript obtained 

from 7: 313. 
Aya'sta, Cherokee story-teller 19: 

237. 
Ayer Collection of Americana, refer- 
ence to 42: 680. 
Ayllon 

on gigantic Indian 19: 501. 
version of Tsundige'wi myth by 

19: 471. 
visit to Georgia coast by 19: 193. 
Aylor, H. I., steatite quarry on farm 

of 15: 132. 
Aymamon, a Porto Rican cacique 

25: 38 s?. 
A'yfiii'ini. See Swimmer. 
A'yUo'ini, or Swimmer, Cherokee man- 
uscript obtained from 7: 310 .s(??. 
Ayutan 

a synonym of Comanche 14: 1043. 
identification of 17: 167. 
Ay- Ay, name for St. Croix 34: 166. 
Azachagiag 46: 200. 
Azachagiak 46: 197. 
Aziag or Aziak, Sledge Island 46: 

89, 197, 200. 
Aziags 46: 89. 

Aziak Island. .See Sledge Island. 
Aztalan, description of 37: 88 ■■sqq. 
Aztec 

and British obsidian flakes compared 



dice games of the 24: 160. 
I inscription, Mexico 10: 133 



92 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Aztec — Continued 

myths of 19: 431, 451, 466. 

or Nahuatl method of forming nu- 
merals above ten 19: 882-885. 

picture, suggestion of, by picture of 
Kwahu 21: 77. 

references to 28: 54, 186. 

ruined structures attriijuted to the 
8: 225. 

spirits of 30: 171. 

symboUc colors among 1 1 : 532. 

traditional association with Casa 
Grande 28: 33. 

use of masks among 47: 902, 903. 

warriors, allies of Spaniards in Mix- 
ton wars 14: 410. 

writing 4:14. 

See also Mexico, ancient inhabitants. 
Aztec Pass 

fort below 28: 210 sg. 

origin of name 28: 208. 

references to 28: 206, 207, 211. 

road through 28: 204. 
Aztec Springs Ruin 4: 319. 
Aztecs 

and Taracos, burial sacrifice of 1: 
190. 

clifif ruins attributed to 16: 191. 

culture of the 14: 658. 

human sacrifice among 47: 847, 
903. 

pictured on Acoma walls 47: 27. 
Azul, Antonio 

account of 26: 17, 196. 

campaign described by 26: 202 sq. 

cited on Apache raids 26: 201. 

cited on mountain sheep 26: 82. 

first Pima adobe house built by 26: 
153. 

information furnished bv 26: 18, 
36. 

on location of Elder Brother's house 
26: 225. 

Pima head chief 26: 21. 
Azul, Culo, Pima head chief 26: 158, 

196. 
Azuza Canyon, Calif. 

pictographs 4: 37, 156. 

rock paintings in 10: 69, 354 sqq. 



Ba'achinena, name of the Northern 
Arapaho 14: 954, 1014. 



Baaku'ni, Arapaho name of Paul 

Boynton 14: 971. 
Baat, legendary Pima maiden 28: 52. 
Babacomori Valley, field work in 

22, i: xiii. 
Babbitt, Irving, acknowledgments to 

14: 552. 
Babe, clay figure of, eastern United 

States 20: 40, 41. 
Babies 

binas for 30: 187, 286, 288. 

manner of carrying 41: 211. 
Babine, hand game of the 24: 273. 
Babi'pa, treaty signed by, in 1867 

17: ISO. 
Baboons 

flexing of hands 30: 209. 

legends concerning 30: 150 sq., 
209 sq., 211, 222, 231, 2.32 sq., 
292 sq., 363. 
Baboquivari Mountain, in Pima 

mythology 36: 224, 225. 
Babracote 

camudi and, legend of 30: 261. 

description of 30: 385. 

mention of 38: § 163, 333. 

star named for 30: 261 sq. 
Baby. See lapa. 
Baby Board 

articles fastened to 47: 134. 

material used for 47: 135. 

See also Cradle Board. 
Baby Carriers 

beaded work on 41: 211. 

coils of 41: 165. 

decoration of 41: 210 sq. 

description of 41: 210 sq.; 45: 
166 sq., 279 sqq., 381. 

shape of 41: 211. 

structure of 41: 174. 

term for 41: 397. 
Baby Hanging Chair, mention of 

38: §913. 
Baby Sling 

mention of 38: § 55. 

string figure 38: § 704. 
Baby Spirit 

explanation of 30: 324 sq. 

identity of 30: 169, 325. 
Babylonians 

significance of color among 10: 622. 

use of color among 4: 54. 
Baca Grant, reference to 28: 208. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



93 



Bacallaos, name applied to New- 
foundland 14: 513,526. 
Bacharis Glutenosa 

building material 26: 156. 
in pottery making 26: 127. 
Bache, FrankHn, cited 30: 62. 
Bachelors forbidden to hold land in 

.\nierica 14; 374. 
Bachillier y Morales, Antonio 

.\ntiUean language .studied bv 25: 

77. 
citing MUller on dance plazas 25: 

80. 
citing Perez on ureito 25: 69. 
on Antillean name for creator 25: 

55. 
on Cuban caneys 25: 82. 
on Fernando Columbus 25: 55. 
on human bones found in Porto 

Rico 25: 29. 
work of, on Cuban ethnology 34: 
248. 
Back. — , cited 6: 485. 
Back Ornaments 38: § 537. 
Back Protector 35: 142. 
Backscratchers, used by the Eskimo 

18: 310. 
Backlund, Charles 46: 75. 
Backus, Maj. E. ( V. S. A.) 

on hoop and pole of the Navaho 24: 

460. 
cjuoted on magic powder of the In- 
dians 9: 513. 
Bacon, J. L., mound on land of, in 

Tennessee 12: 377. 
Bacon's Collection of Laws, extract 

from 18: 571 sq. 
Bacqueville de la Potherie 

on jugglery among Hudson Bay 

Indians 14: 140. 
on snow-snake of the Hurons 24: 
409. 
Bactris 38: § 246. 
Bacuache River. Sic River Ba- 

cuche. 
Bad 

pictographs for 10: 5S6. 

Serian and Yuman words meaning 

17: 337* sg. 
signs for 1: 411. 
Bad Animal, Assiniboin war leader 

46: 402. 
Bad Back. See Chonshita. 



Bad Faces, an Arapho division 14: 

957. 
Bad Hearts, possibly the Kiowa 

Apache 17: 246. " 
Bad Lands 

flight of Sioux to 14: 850,851,861, 

.S84. 
return of Sioux from 14: 868. 
Sioux in, surrounded by troops 14: 
866. 
Bad Pipes, an Arapaho division 14: 

956. 
Bad River Reserve 
change in 18: 8.56. 
establishment of 18: 795. 
Bad Village, account of 27: 85 sq., 

99. 
Badge. See Tiponi. 
Badger 

account of, by the Pima 26: 80. 
beliefs concerning 42: 644. 
destruction of mounds by 33: 185, 

188. 
diseases caused by 26: 262. 
in Menomini myth 14: 133. 
in Pima mythology 26: 216. 
in Pima song 26: 301, 321. 
in Tewa conception 29: 43. 
m3-ths concerning 11: 37, 1.52. 
Badger Clan 

association of, with fire 47: 959. 
ceremony by man of 23: 202. 
connection of, with Pamurti mask 
used in personating Nakiatcop 
possessed by 21: 86. 
reference to 47 : 959. 
See also Honani Clan. 
Badger People 

leave Walpi 8: 31. 
settle Sichomovi 17: 578. 
Baegert, Jacob 
map by 17: 66. 
on Californian food habits 17: 

209*-212*. 
on Lower California tribes 26: 

35 sq. 
on saguaro harvest in California 26 : 
72. 
Baelz, E., mention of 46: 367. 
Baer, — , 46: 334. 
Baer, Erwin, with archeologieal expe- 
dition in 1895 17: 527. 



94 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Baer, John L. 

collections made by 41: 95,116. 
information from 42: 760. 
investigations made by 41: 68 sq. 
work of 41: 92. 
Baffin Land 

basiofacial diameters 46: 280, 281. 
crania from 46: 257, 260, 262, 263, 

264. 
description of 6: 415,416. 
distribution of tribes in 6: 421- 

444. 
Eskimo of 46: 328. 
Eskimo population of 7: 75. 
facial 46: 266. 
facial angles of the people of 46: 

285. 
nose of people of 46: 268, 270. 
traditions of, with comparisons 6: 

641 sqq. 
See also Eskimo. 
Bag 

mention of 38: § 388. 
of sea lion hide 35: 109. 
See also Bags; Beaded Bag; Medi- 
cine Bag. 
Bagre, SUurus 

caught with red cloth 38: § 189. 
knocked over with cudgels 38: 
§190. 
Bags 

decoration of 45: 48 sq., 219, 220, 

221, 226. 
designs on 41: 360. 
Eskimo, for clothing 18: 43 sq. 
Eskimo, for lance points 18: 146. 
Eskimo, for tobacco 18: 284 sq. 
Eskimo, for tools 18: 93. 
Eskimo, for water and oil 18: 73 sq. 
for tobacco 9: 68 sq. 
for tools 9: 187-190. 
grass, made by the Eskimo 18: 

203 sq. 
hunting, used by the Eskimo 18: 

166-169. 
materials used for 45: 47-51. 
ordeal of the sacred 3: 328. 
ornamentation of 41: 362 sg. 
rawhide 45: 221, 327. 
shapes of 45: 219. 
skin 45: 49 sq. 

technique of weaving 41 : 138 sq. 
woven 45: 47 .s??., 219, 220, 327. 
woven, description of 13: 33, 34; 
41: 354. 



Bags — Continued 

woven, general use of 41: 138. 
Bahakosin, Caddo name of the Chey- 
enne 14: 1023. 
Bahama Islands 

aborigines of the 25: 30, 218. 
cultural relations of 34: 267. 
number of specimens from 34: 

50. 
petroglyphs in 10: 137 aqq. 
pictography of the 25: 148. 
slavery in 25: 23, 25. 
Baho, use of, in kiva consecratorv 

ceremonies 8: 119 sg., 129, 130. 
Bahwetegow - eninnewug, Ojibwa 
name of the Gros Ventres 14: 
955. 
Bail, Wapishana name for arrow 38: 

§128. 
Bailer, for Eskimo umiak 9: 340, 

341. 
Bailey, Vernon, petroglyphs reported 

by 10: 117. 
Baily, Francis, journey of 42: 835. 
Bainbridge, Pa. 

designs from vases from 20: 171. 
pipes from 20: 173. 
pottery from 20: 165. 
Baird, Prof. Spencer F. 

acknowledgments to 9: 19, 20; 

13: 378; 18: 22. 
discovery of Iroquoian pottery by, 

near Ipswich, Mass. 20: 168. 
facilitated study of masks and labrets 

3: 151. 
identifies tooth found in mound as 

that of a hog 12: 715. 
mention of 48: 1187. 
on contour of Porto Rico 25: 129. 
Baird and Girard, on nomenclature of 

fishes 26: 83. 
Bait 

artificial fly 38: § 192. 
clams used as 35: 162. 
cockles and clams for 35: 178. 
for fish, Eskimo 18: 175, 177 sqq., 

181, 183, 195. 
for fishhooks 35: 179. 
for fish traps 35: 162, 182. 
for halibut fishing 35: 1320. 
mussels used for 35: 182. 
red macaw featliers 38: § 192. 
sea eggs used for 35:182. 
seeds for 38: § 188. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



95 



Bakah, definition of 16: 262. 
Bakairi, number names of 19: 877. 
Baker, Emma, mention of 43: 216, 

224. 
Baker, Frank, cited on ' 'Hand of 

Glory" 9: 486. 
Baker, Marcus 46: 178, 181, 184. 
Baker, Samuel, cited on African 

customs 9: 489. 
Baker Creek 46: 126. 
B'aker's Ranch House, ruins near 

28: 201 sq. 
Baking 

Catawba method of 20: 53, 54 sq. 
Cherokee method of 20: 56. 
eastern United States methods of 
20: 52 sq., 54 sq., 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 
eastern United States pottery, de^ 

gree of 20: 49. 
effect of, on fiber tempering 20; 

121. 
effect of, on shell tempering 20 

48. 
Florida peninsula pottery 20: 117 

sq., 124. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 161. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pipes 20: 

158. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 20: 

155. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 84. 
origin of 9: 542 
Baklum-Chaan, a Mayan deity 16: 

225. 
Bal, Juan de 

killed by the Zuiii 13:330. 
missionary at Halona 13: 329. 
Balam day symbol discussed 16: 

248. 
Balata, Mimusops sp. 

bark for wood-skins 38: § 798. 
cement 38: §23. 
for stone chip graters 38: § 335. 
fruit of, eaten 38: § 247. 
Balbancha, old name of New Orleans 

44: 180. 
Balbas, Senor, elbow stone owned by 

34: 209. 
Balboa, Vasco Nunez 

cited on Indian medicine men 9: 

467. 
cited on Peruvian festival 9: 527. 
ornaments captured by 6: 35. 



Balche, a ceremonial drink 16: 253. 
Balconies 

description of, in Pueblo houses 14: 

notclied and terraced 8: 187. 
Bald Friar Bock, Md., petroglyphs 

on 10: S3-S6. 
Bald-hip Rose, use of 45: 487, 488, 

493, 495, 498, 504. 
Bald-hip Boseberry, use of 45:489. 
Bald Mountain, myth concerning 

19: 299. 
Baldness, absence of 30: 176. 
Baldwin, Reverend 45: 31, 87, 90, 

172, 175, 181. 
Baldwin, C. C. 

identifies Ohio mound-builders with 

Indians 12: 600. 
Pottawatomie surface burial 1 : 141 . 
Baldwin, Lieut. F. D. 

fight with Cheyenne by 17: 211. 
Kiowa agent in 1894 17: 226. 
rescue of Germaine girls 17: 213. 
Baldwin, J. D. 
cited 12: 564, 601, 602, 615. 
identifies mound-builders with Tol- 

tecs 12: 599. 
on mound-builders 5: 83. 
Balearic Islands, cairn burial 1: 

143. 
Balfour, Henry, examination of quarry 

shops by 15: 52. 
Ball, J., survey by 18: 826. 
Ball 

clay, for eating 38: §253. 

game during Pontiac conspiracy 1 4 : 

130. 
game in Menomini myth 14: 166. 
game of the Mennmini 14: 127- 

136, 244. 
game of the Guiana Indians 38: 

§ 602-606. 
games played by the Eskimo 18: 

336 sq. 
general description of 24: 561 sq. 
implements of 24: 33. 
leaf-strand figure 38: § 621. 
mystic, in Menomini myth 14: 224. 
of the Arapaho 14: 964. 
Omaha woman 's game of 3: 338. 
or Creek game, description of 42: 

456. 
or Creek game, supernatural object 
iu 42: 492. 



96 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Ball — Continued 

stone, from Barl>adoes 34: 86. 
used in primitive football 11: 2r>~. 
See also Ball game; Balls; Backet; 
Shinny; etc. 
Ball Carrier, folk-tale of the 14: 

223. 
Ball Courts 

of Porto Rico 34: 170 sg. 
See also Juegos de bola. 
Ball Game 

adornment for 42: 460, 463, 465. 
among East Cherokee 19: 170. 
among Western Cherokee 19: 146. 
at adoption feast 40: 361. 
at Tuskegee busk 42: 585. 
challenge to play 32: 234. 
Chickasaw 42: 456 sqq. 
Creek 42: 458 sq. 
description of 27: 169, 197 sq.; 

42: 60 sq., 456-466; 44: 24; 

46: 565 sq. 
double, played by women 40: 363. 
fighting at 42: 463 sq. 
figurative use of expression 19: 

433. 
girls' 47: 239. 
in Tusayan 15: 290. 
legend connected with 19: 384. 
managed by war officials 42: 207. 
mythical origin of 14: 131; 42: 

55, 157. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 

262, 286 sg., 308, 312 sq., 369, 

454. 
rites and practices connected with 

19: 230, 262,422, 425, 471. 
sacred character of 14: 135. 
single pole 42: 467 sq. 
won by dog dressed as man 38: 

235. 
See also Ball; Balls; Games; Hid- 
den Ball; Seed Ball. 
Ball JuggUng 

playeil by the 24: 

Achomawi 712. 

Bannock 712, 713. 

Eskimo 713. 

Eskimo, Central 712. 

Eskimo, Ita 712. 

Nascapee 712. 

Paiute 713. 

Shoshoni 712, 713. 

Ute 712, 713. 



Ball Juggling — Continued 

played by the 24 — continued. 

Ute Uinta 713. 

Zuni 712, 714. 
BaU Posts 

ceremony of erecting 42: 544 sq. 
emblems on 42: 244. 
BaU Posts, Single. See Chunk Pole. 
Ball Race 

common to the 24: 

Bannock 666, 678. 

Cocopa 666, 681. 

Cosumni 669 sq. 

Hopi 666, 678 sq. 

Keres 666, 668 sq. 

Maricopa 666, 681. 

Mohave 666, 668. 

Mono 666, 679. 

Navaho 666, 668. 

Opata 666, 670. 

Papago 666, 670 sq. 

Pima 666, 671 sq. 

Soutliwestern tribes 665. 

Tarahumare 666, 672-677. 

Tewa 666, 680 sq. 

Wasama 670. 

Yuma 666, 682. 

Zuaque 666, 678. 

Zuiii 666, 668, 682-697. 
Ball Sticks 

description of 42: 456, 459. 
legendary use of 42: 52. 
Balliceaux, Island of 
excavations in 34: 10. 
number of specimens from 34: 49. 
Balloo, definition of 16: 252. 
Ballou, Prof. Howard M. 
acknowledgment to 29: 19. 
Iiibliographic research on Hawaii by 

31: 8; 32: 10. 
compilation of bibliography by 34: 

25; 36: 28. 
preparation of list of works relating 

to Hawaii 32: 29. 
search for titles for list of works 

relating to Hawaii 33: 32. 
work of 30: 10, 17. 
Balls 

stone, from Casa Grande 28: 93 

sq., 131. 
stone, from Pueblo Viejo ruins 22, 

i: 183. 
,See also Ball; Ball Game; BaU 

Bace; etc. 



BONNEEJEAl 



SUBJECT INDEX 



97 



Balsa 

Seri, characters and construction of 

17: 10, 216*-221*. 
Seri, decoration of 17: 173*. 
Seri, methods of propulsion of 17: 

219*. 
Seri, Von Beyer's drawings of 17: 

106. 
See also Navigation. 
Balsam 

mention of 38: § 23. 
use of , in basketry 41: 145. 
Balsam Fir 

use of 44: 286. 
See alio Abies Balsamea. 
Balsaminacae 33: 101. 
Balsam Lake Region, Ontario, Iro- 

quoian pottery from 20: 170. 
Balsam Poplar 

useof 44: 291; 45: 497. 
See also Populus Balsamifera. 
Balsam Boot 

beliefs concerning 45: 509. 
use of 45: 478, 480, 484, 491, 493. 
Balsamorhiza 45: 478. 
Balsamorhiza Sagittata 45: 480, 

4S4, 491, 493, 509. 
Balsas, Bio de las, crossed by Coro- 

nado on rafts 14: 586. 
Baltazar de Castro, on Carib in 

Porto Rico 25: 28. 
Baltimore, Lord 

charter to 18: 551,569. 
grant of land by 18: 573. 
Bamboo 



arrow poison 
box made of I 
flute made of 
knife made of 



38: § 123, 217. 
;8: §385. 

38: § 560 sq. 

38: § 14, 516, 905. 



spirits associated with 30:228,233. 



string figure 38: § 676. 

temporary shelter 38: § 293. 
Banak, tribal signs for 1 : 462. 
Banana, cultivated by Guiana Indi- 
ans 38: § 246, 268. 
Banana Bay, mound at 34: 89. 
Bancroft, George 

cited on Cherokee habitat 7: 78, 
79. 

linguistic literature 7: 13. 

on French and Indian war 14: 663. 

on the Lenape 14: 663. 



Bancroft, George — Continued 

quoted on Colonial Indian policy 

18: 601, 631. 
Bancroft, Hubert H. 

cited 12: 601, 602, 672, 726; 30: 

238, 268, 294, 323, 327, 329, 331, 

333, 338, 366, 370. 
cited as an authority 28: 45. 
cited on Indian medicine-men 9: 

457, 511. 
cited on Indian cakes 9: 524. 
cited on Indian use of feathers 9: 

534, 535. 
cited on mutilation by Indians 9: 

491. 
cited on scratching by Indians 9: 

524. 
citing Coutts on Pima 26: 31. 
cliff ruins described by 16: 81. 
linguistic Uterature 7: 24. 
mention of 46: 150, 218. 
mentions authorities on calendars 

3: 55. 
mistake in dating Alvarado's report 

14: 391. 
notes on Seri by 17: 104 sq. 
on Acoma 29: 543, 545. 
on Acaxea medicine tubes 13: 127. 
on burial sacrifice 1 : 190. 
on Cal>eza de Vaca's route 14: 348. 
on canoe burial in ground 1: 112. 
on Cempoalan ruins 25: 233, 236. 
on Civil War in far Southwest 26: 

48. 
on Cochiti 29: 439, 440. 
on conditions surrounding Pima 

26: 32. 
on Costa Rica hut burial 1: 154. 
on destruction of Awatobi 17: 601. 
on diary of Mange 13: 296. 
on Escalante expedition 17: 61. 
on Eskimo burial boxes 1: 155. 
on flood of September, 1868 26 : 53. 
on Huavan numbers 19: 918. 
on Huitzilopochtli and description of 

the same 1: 231. 
on Jemez 29: 403. 
on Maya hieroglyphics, mode of read- 
ing 1: 223. 
on meaning of Mayan number names 

19: 876. 
on Mexican grant to Cherokee 

19: 143. 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 4S 



Bancroft, Hubert H. — Continued 
on migrations of the Tanoan 19: 

611. 
on mourning of the Central Ameri- 
cans 1: 185. 
on Nootka bird-bone drDl 13: 165. 
on Pecos 29: 474, 476, 477. 
on pictography 4: 64, 65, 66, 73, 

78, 88. 
on Picuris 29: 193. 
on Pima burials 1 : 98. 
on Poguate 29: 539. 
on Puaray 29: 524. 
on racket, Topinagugim 24: 597. 
on ruins in Vera Cruz 25: 231. 
on Sandia 29: 527. 
on Santo Domingo 29: 449. 
on Sedelmair's account of Casa 

Grande 28: 56. 
on scalping by the whites 19: 209. 
on Shasta stone-chipping 13: 141. 
on Sia Indians 29: 518, 519. 
on superstitions regarding the dead 

1: 201. 
on Tesuque 29: 388. 
on Yuma- Pima battle 26: 47. 
Bancroft Library of the University of 

Cahfornia, mention of 44: 57. 
Band, G. H., mention of 1: 229. 
Band, Forehead 38: §530. 
Band, Horizontal, discussion of 41: 

263, 273. 
Bandarilla, Mexico, ruins at 26: 

XV. 

Banded Masonry 8: 145. 
Bandelier, Dr. A. F. 

Cibola identified by 17: 595. 
cited 29: passim. See Inde.x to 

Vol. 29, pp. 619 sqq., where 

A. F. B. is cited 423 times. 
cited as to Coronado expedition 

28: 54. 
cited on Pueblo ceremonies 16: 

268. 
citing Kino on Gila flood 26: 67. 
citing Walker on Pima mythology 

26: 221. 
classification of Seri by 17: 108. 
collection by, in Peru 16: xxxi. 
description of Casa Grande by 

13: 297; 28: 69 sqq. 
description of chimney by 8: 173. 
discussion of Indian legends by 

14: 345. 



Bandelier, Dr. A. F. — Continued 
explorations of 8: 197. 
identification of ChichilticaUi by 

14: 387, 516. 
identification of Hawikuh-Granada 

by 14: 489. 
identification of pueblos by 14: 

511, 524. 
identification of Rio Vermejo by 

14: 482. 
identification of Vacapa by 14: 

355. 
identifications by 17: 51, 52, 55, 

56. 
on Acoma 14: 490. 
on ancient Pueblo population 13: 

259. 
on ancient stone inclosures 8: 216. 
on Arizona Indian liquor 14: 516. 
on ball race of the Opata 24: 670. 
on Cabeza de Vaca's route 14: 347. 
on classification of Pueblo ruins 

16: 89. 
on cliff houses near Salt River 26: 

144. 
on Cochiti Indian weaving 3: 361. 
on Coronado's route from Culiacan 

14: 386. 
on date of Coronado's departure 

14: 382. 
on defense of veracity of Friar 

Marcos 14: 363. 
on foiuidation of Josoge 19: 611. 
on Indian giants 14: 485. 
on Ispa and Guagarispa 14: 585. 
on (Friar) Juan de la Asuncion 14: 

353. 
on location of ChichilticaUi 13: 

296. 
on location of Quivira 14: 397. 
on location of Tiguex and Cicuye 

14: 491. 
on Indian government and estufas 

14: 520. 
on Matsaki 14: 517. 
on Mexican mounds 14: 517. 
on name Cicuye 14: 523. 
on name Teya or Texia 14: 507. 
on name Tutahaco 14: 492. 
on Opata poison 14: 538. 
on patol of the Opata 24: 146. 
on Petlatlan 14: 515. 
on Pima Indians 28: 69-72, 152. 
on Pima traditions 26: 24. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Bandelier, Dr. A. F. — Continued 

on Pueblo Indian life and govern- 
ment 14: 561. 

on Pueblo Indian pottery 4: 298. 

on record of Awatobi destruction 
17: 610. 

on route of Friar Marcos 14: 3.58. 

on Seven Cities 14: 473. 

on Southwestern cliff dwellings 13: 
347. 

on the Keres 7: 83. 

on Topira 14: 476. 

on Yuqueyunque 14: 510. 

petroglyphs reported and sketched 
by 10: 98, 131. 

Pima Casa Grande tradition by 13: 
319. 

Pima legend from 28: 45. 

Querechos identified with Apaches by 
14: 396. 

quoted on Sia Indian history 11: 
11. 

researches in Southwestern history 
14: 339. 

shinny mentioned by 24: 631. 

Turk Indian considered to be prob- 
ably a Pawnee by 14: 394. 

use of sources of Coronado expedi- 
tion by 14: 414. 
Bandola 38: § 560. 
Bandoleers 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 91, 97, 99, 104, 106, 
108, 111, 120. 

description of 37: 109. 

in Oraibi dance 16: 293, 294. 

of Bow priests, description of 47: 
871. 

of Bow priests, power of 47: 666. 

used by priests in Snake ceremonies 
19: 971, 972. 
Bands 

composition of 45: 150; 46: 431. 

groups of 45: 38, 1.50. 

merged in tribe 45: 156. 
Baneberry 

use of 44: 286; 45: 463, 512. 

iSee also Actaea Rubra. 
Banghart Ranch, reference to 28: 

201. 
Bank Swallow as a symbol 39: 50. 
Banks, cutting of, by streams 46: 
136. 



Banner Stones 

described and figured 13: 120. 
discovery of 41: 69. 
found at Knap of Reeds 42: 776. 
Bannock 

and Paiute afiinity 14:1048,1051. 

chronology 17: 372. 

early knowledge of Messiah by the 

14: 802. 
Flathead names for 45: 301. 
former habitat of the 7: 108. 
games of the 24: 

ball juggling 712 sq. 

ball race 666, 678. 

dice games 159. 

hand game 307 sqq. 

hoop and pole 495. 

stone throwing 728. 

tops 742 sq. 
Ghost dance among the 14: 785, 

805, 807. 
hunting grounds of the 45: 305. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

846, 850, 878, 898, 904, 906, 926, 

928. 
linguistic affinity of the 14: 525. 
Messiah delegates among the 14: 

894. 
Mormon emissaries among the 14: 

704. 
Omaha name for 27: 102. 
population of the 7: 110. 
Porcupine's visit to the 14: 793. 
present habitat of the 14: 806. 
reception of the, into Mormon 

church 14: 790. 
Tavivo among the 14: 701. 
visit of Apiataii among the 14:911. 
visit of, to Wovoka 14: 818. 
wars of, with the Flathead 45: 361. 
Bannock Jim, Wovoka confounded 

with 14: 765. 
Banqueting House, mentioned by 

Bartram 42: 183. 
Banquette 

in house circle 41: 528. 
indication of 41 : 504. 
Bantry Bay, Australia, petroglyphs 

at 10: 164 sq. 
Barluelos, B., miner of Zacatecas 14: 

538. 
Bao. >SV Gunsadalte. 



100 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Ba'-po Subgens 

explanation of the name 43: 59. 
office of the 43: 91. 
origin story of 43: 90. 
Baptisia, medicinal use of 42: 658. 
Baptisia Bracteata 33: 90. 
Baptism 

as practiced by Peyote cult 37: 

389, 395. 
Cherokee 26: 188. 
how received by the Zuiii 13: 327, 

333, 335. 
opposed by the Hopi 17: 601. 
Pima 26: 188. 
Zuni 26: 187. 
Baptismal Record of the Zuni 13: 

333. 
Baptist Church, grant of land to 18: 

826. 
Baptist Gap, engagement at 19: 

170. 
Baptiste Ululame'llst, information 

furnished by 45: 403. 
Baptists, work of the, among Cherokee 

19: 107, 165, 166. 
Ba'qati Game 

description of 14: 994. 
in Ghost song 14: 1036, 1075. 
Baquati Wheel, use of, in Ghost 

dance 14: 1064. 
Bar 

pattern of feather fixation on arrow 

38: § 132. 
symbolic use of, in decoration of 
Hopi katcinas 21: 75. 
Baraboo County, Wis., pottery from 

4: 430. 
Baraga, Bishop 

Ojibwa modes from 28: 262 sq. 
references to 28: 227, 239. 
Baraga, Rev. Frederic (probably the 
same as Bishop Baraga above) 
on definitions in double ball, Chip- 
pewa 24: 650. 
on definitions in racket, Chippewa 

24: 564. 
on definitions in tops, Chippewa 24: 

734. 
on meaning of Ojibwa word ' 'Mano- 

minikemn" 19: 1061. 
on Ojibwa wild-rice moon 19: 1089. 
reference to work of 40: 28. 
Barbacoas, name of pile dwelHngs 
34: 253, 



Barbadoes 

archeological collections from 25: 

18, 19. 
archeological reconnaissance in 25: 

XV. 

Barbados 

aboriginal population of 34: 78 s^. 

archeological work in 34: 11. 

artifacts from 34 : 86 sqq. 

depopulation of 34: 87. 

early maps of 34: 79. 

English landing at 34: 80. 

number of specimens from 34: 49. 
Barbados Colony, purchase of land 

by 18: 626. 
Barbaric Tribes, ancient burial cus- 
toms of 1: 152. 
Barbarism 

characters of 17: xxxiii, xxxiv. 

characterized by male descent 21: 

XXI. 

definition of 15: cxv. 
features of 19: xlix. 
psychological differentiation of 23: 

XXI, XXII. 

pottery making during 20: 24. 
Barbeau, C. M., mention of 31: 32. 
Barbecue Hole, explanation of 44: 

440. 
Barbels, native American fish 14: 

517. 
Barber, Edwin A. 

acknowledgments to 20: 17. 

on burial urns 1 : 138. 

on hand game of the Yampa Ute 

24: 315 sq. 
on partial cremation 1: 151. 
on stone pipes 12: 705. 
on use of chisels in steatite working 

13: 72. 
on Ute pottery 4: 276 sq. 
says the Delawares buried in stone 
graves 12: 692. 
Barberry 

clan name from 30: 86. 
dye from 30: 88. 
used in ceremonies 30: 88. 
Barbour, James, authorized to treat 

with the Cherokee 5: 229. 
Barbs 

for Guiana Indian arrows 38: §129. 
on Eskimo arrows 18: 160. 



SXTBJECT INDEX 



101 



Barbs — Continued 

on Eskimo fishhooks 18: 175, 177- 

180. 
on Eskimo spears 18: 147 sr/q.. 

152, 192, 195. 
used by the Eskimo in capturing 
birds 18: 1.3.3. 
Barceloneta, P. B., collection from 

42: IS. 
Barcena, Alonso, on Toba numera- 
tion 19: 8.38. 
Barcia, A. G. 

on Creek-Cherokee wars 19: 38. 
on De Luna's expedition 19: 201. 
on Kegel's expedition 19: 202. 
on Spanish mission among the Chero- 
kee 19: 29. 
version of Tsiindige'wi myth b}' 19: 
472. 
Barcia, Carballido y Zuniga, Andres 
G. 
on Acoma 29: .543. 
on Pecos 29: 476. 
Barcia, Gabriel de Cardenas 

cited on sacred meal of the Indians 

9: 512, 
quoted on magic power of the Indians 
9: 549. 
Barham, W. B., specimens presented 



34. 



Bari (o/ A/nca) , burial of the 1: 125. 
Bark, Cheyenne delegate to Wovoka 

14: 895. 
Bark 

apron 38: § 547. 

band for knapsacks, baskets, etc. 

38: § 455. 
baskets of 41: 353; 45: 52 .sr/., 

222, 328. 
birch, study of Indian use of 22, i: 

XXII. 

canoes of 42: 744; 45: 248. 

Catawba use of, in baking 20: 54 
sq. 

Cherokee use of, in baking 20: 56. 

cedar, headdress of, in Shaker cere- 
mony 14: 761. 

clothing made of 13: 17,358. 

corsets of 38: § 543. 

dwellings covered with 42: 688. 

fiber used in weaving 13: 23, 24, 
25. 

garments made of 42: 682, 683, 
690. 



Bark — Continued 

gatliering of 41: 150. 
head-rings of 38: § 530. 
lodges of 45 : 228 sq. 
mats 38: § 401. 
medicinal use of 44: 327. 
mulberry, used for fringe 13: 32. 
Omaha lodges of 13: 269, 271. 
pestle and mortar of 38: § 381. 
pictographs on 4: 59; 10: 213. 
preparation of, for basketry 4 1 : 

153 sq. 
preparation of, for medicine 44: 

328. 
record of Lenni Lenape 4: 207. 
shirt made of 38: § 539. 
stripping, Indian methods of 13: 

109. 
tools for stripping 45: 92. 
trumpet 38: § 558. 
used in embroidery designs 13: 28. 
used in mat-making 14: 2.59. 
used in net-making 13: 27. 
used in spinning 13: 22. 
use of, as tempering material, Florida 

Peninsula 20: 117. 
use of, in basketry 41: 146. 
used to prevent making tracks 32: 

222. 
woven into rain cloaks 45: 77. 
See also Alder Bark; Birch Bark; 

Willow Bark; etc. 
Bark Ashes, use of, as tempering ma- 
terial, eastern United States 20: 

46. 
Bark Baskets, beading on 41 : 384 

Bark Receptacles, common use of 

41: 138. 
Bark Vessels 

influence of, on form of pottery 20: 
161, 162, 196. 

preceramic use of, by American 
aborigines 20: 25. 
Barker's Fort, raid on 17: 270. 
Barking Dogs not allowed 38: §717. 
Barley 

chemical composition of 19: 1082. 

production of, by the Pima 26: 91. 
Barnacles 

gathering of 35: 499. 

method of preparing 35: 504. 

steamed on beach 35: 501, 505. 
Barnard, Lieutenant — , 46: 128. 



102 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Barnes, — , petroglyphs reported by 

10: 64. 
Barnes, Dr. O. W., on California picto- 

graphs 4: 229. 
Barnes, I. N., works on land of, in 

Ohio 12: 598. 
Barnesville, Ohio, rock carvings at 

4: 21. 
Barnesville Track Rock, Ohio 10: 

102 sgq. 
Barnet, F M., custodian of property 

in the Bureau 23: xlii. 
Barnett, William, Cherokee boundary 

comnii.ssiuner 5: 207, 208. 
Barnstable, Indian policy of 18: 

605. 
Barnum, William, work of 25: 

XXIII. 

Barnwell, — , Cherokee reply to 19: 

372. 
Barra Chachalicas, clay objects from 

25: 26Ssgq. 
Barraguan Bock, man created from 

30: 145 sq. 
Barranca, Bio de la, crossed by Coro- 

nado 14: 586. 
Barratt, Joseph, on meaning of 

"min" 19: 1024. 
Barre, Wis., petroglyphs at 10: 126. 
Barreiro, Antonio, on Cochiti 29: 

439. 
Barrel-shaped Baskets, coils of 41: 

164. 
Barrenness 

shame of, among Guiana Indians 

30: 187, 286, 287. 
See also Pregnancy 
Barrere, P., cited 30: 118, 156, 158, 

163, 170, 181, 255, 269, 291, 296, 

302, 303, 310, 312, 314, 320, 321, 

322, 324, 325, 328, 330, 340, 350. 
Barres Indians (of Brazil) 
dyes used by the 10: 222. 
totem mark of the 4: 167. 
Barrett, Lieut. James, in skirmish at 

El Picacho 26: 48. 
Barrett, Dr. S. A. 

acknowledgments to 29: 12. 
reference to 41: 378. 
Barrett, S. E., work of 26: xxvi. 
Barrett, William E., petitions for 

Casa Grande repair 15: cil. 
Barrick, Grace P. 46: 70. 



Barringer, Bufus, arbitrator between 
East Cherokee and Thomas's cred- 
itors 19: 174. 
Barrionuevo, Francisco de 

adventure of, at Tiguex 14: 496. 

companion of Coronado 14: 479 

explorations of 14: 510. 
Barrow 

archeology of 46: 166, 173. 

burials of 46: 183. 

Eskimo of 46: 228. 

mention of 46: 106, 108, 110, HI, 
166, 169, 209. 

"mounds" of 46: 166, 206, 285. 

skeletal remains of 46: 317, 323, 
327, 328. 

trip to 46: 30. 
Barrow Crania 

basiofacial diameters 46: 279-282. 

facial 46: 266. 

facial angles 46: 285. 

means 46: 286. 

mention of 46: 254, 257, 258, 260, 
261, 262, 263, 264. 

nose 46: 268, 270. 
Barrow, Point. .See Point Barrow. 
Bartar Katcinas, distinction of, from 

Huhuan 21: 83. 
Bartel, William, service of 27: 13. 
Barter 

bytheSia 11: 12. 

native 46: 91, 93, 102, 103, 145. 

Point Hope 46: 102. 

See also Trade. 
Barter Island 

archeology of 46: 123. 

mention uf 46: 206. 
Bartiromo, Melchior, mission work 

of 17: 61, 67. 
Bartlett, C. H. 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 

prayer-stick presented by 14: 698. 
Bartlett, Commissioner John R. 

aecoimt of Casa Grande by 28: 66 
sqq., 88. 

account of Pima 26: 31. 

cited 13: 296, 297. 

cited on Lipan and Apache habitat 
7: 54. 

Kiowa vocabulary obtained by 17: 
389. 

objects collected by 26: 152. 

on construction of Pima ki 26: 154. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



103 



Bartlett, CoTOmissioner John R. — Con. 
on "Houses of Montezuma" 26: 

24. 
on KiAhfis 26: 141. 
on Opata running 17: 125. 
on Pima clothing 26: 149. 
on Pima method of riding 26: 113. 
on Pima .spinning and weaving 26: 

149. 
on Pima weapons 26: 96. 
on the Seri 17: 96 sq. 
rattle figured by 26: 170. 
Seri vocabulary collected by 17: 

97 sqq., 296*, 299*; 21: xxv. 
the Pima described by 7: 9S. 
Bartlett, Cniil. B. 46: 297. 
Barton, B. S. 

on Cherokee linguistic relationship 

19: 16. 
on composition of Iroquois and 

Cherokee 7: 77. 
on traditional predecessors of the 
Cherokee 19: 22. 
Barton, N. W., on wild rice in Mary- 
land 19: 1030. 
Barton County, Mo., flint in 44: 

5.39. 
Bartow County, Ga. 

clay figurines from 20: 41. 
mounds in 5: 96, 104. 
Bartram, John 

collection of pottery by 20: 59. 

on cabin burial 1: 122. 

on Choctaw ossuary 1: 120. 

on partial scaffold burial 1: 169. 

on racket of the Cherokee 24: 574 

onracketof the Muskogee 24: 606. 
Bartram, William 

cited 12: 654, 655, 657, 674. 
description of Cherokee council house 

by 5: 87. 
description of Rembrandt mounds 

by 12: 315. 
journey of, over Camino Real 42: 

833. 
list of Cherokee towns by 5: 143. 
on cane-splint fire 19: 429 sq. 
on cattle among the Cherokee 19: 

213 sq. 
on Cherokee relations with Creeks 

19: 383, 384. 
on council houses and mats 13: 19. 
on Creeks 19: 499. 



Bartram, William — Continued 

on hoop and pole of the Mu.skogee 
24: 486 sq. 

on origin of mounds in Cherokee 
country 19: 22. 

on ruins at Silver Bluff 19: 193. 

on .sacred fire 19: 503. 

on Seminole regard for snakes 19: 
457. 

on sieve of Georgia Indians 13: 17. 

on strawberries in Cherokee country 
19: 468. 

on traders' bells 19: 483. 

opinion of, regarding origin of the 
mounds 12: 597. 

remarks on the Cherokee 5: 135, 
372. 

travels of, in Cherokee countrj- 19: 
46. 
Bartre, — , acknowledgment to 28: 

216. 
Basalenque, Diego, on Tarasco num- 
ber words 19: 880. 
Basalt, Tewa name for 29: 584. 
Basanite. .See Chert, varieties of. 
Ba'sawune'na, an Arapaho division 

14: 955. 
Bascara, fish poison 38: § 209. 
BasebaU 24: 789 sq. 
Bases 

annular, eastern United States pot- 
tery 20: 62,90,93. 

eastern United States pottery, de- 
velopment of 20: 62. 

Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 18, 
121. 

Florida Peninsula pottery, perfora- 
tion of 20: 119, 124, 125, 127. 

Gulf Coast pottery 20: 105, 111. 

Gulf Coast pottery, perforation of 
20: 111. 

Iroquoian pottery 20: 162. 

Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 20: 
145, 148, 151, 155. 

Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 
20: 88, 90, 93. 

Northwestern pottery 20: 196. 

Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185. 

IJerforation of, in burial, eastern 
United States 20: HI, 119, 124, 
125, 127. 

South Appalachian pottery 20: 
132, 143. 



104 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Bases — Continued 

Southern and Northern pottery 20: 

145, 187. 
Spanish olive jars 20: 129, 130. 
tripod 20: 93. 
See also Feet; Forms; Walls. 
Bashfulness of the Oniahas 3: 262. 
Basin Basket 38: §140. 
Basin-shaped Baskets, terms for 

41: 396. 
Basins. See Pottery. 
Basiwi, four-stick game of the 24: 

333. 
Basket 

adaptions of natural forms 38: 

§ 45a-457. 
birch-bark, among the Nenenot 1 1 : 

301. 
Cherokee, design from 20: 171. 
classification of 38: § 448. 
cover work 38: § 449. 
"landing net" 38: § 423. 
marked pottery 4: 282. 
molds for pottery 4: 372. 
mystic, in Columbia Indian 

ogy 14: 722. 
of specially prepared strands 

§ 412-447. 
patterns and designs 38: § 105- 

114. 
string figure 38: § 666. 
trumpet 38: § 559. 
types of base, circular or oval 38: 
" § 416-421. 
tvpes of base, conical 38: § 423, 
"424. 

types of base, conical and rectangu- 
lar 38: §425-447. 
types of base, hexagonal 38: §412- 

416. 
used in dice games 14: 1004. 
use of, by Hopi katcinas 21: 73, 

74. 
use of, in distribution of beans In 

Hopi ceremonies 21: 70. 
use of, in Lalakanti festival 2 1 : 

58. 
See aho Basketry; Baskets; Crab 

Basket; Eye-socket Basket; 

Medicine- man Basket. 
Basket Dance 

of Kain-cloud clans 21: 22. 
of the Hopi 21: 22, 23. 
See also Lalakonti, 



38: 



Basket Maker Sites, investigation of 

45: 7. 
Basket Making by the Menomiiii 

14: 259. 
Basket Plaques 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 122. 

use of, in Masauli ceremony 21: 37. 
Basketry 

among East Cherokee 19: 176. 

Antillean 25: 212 sq. 

anticipated pottery 4: 483 sq. 

Apache, collection of 22, i: xxxix. 

bark 45: 52 sq., 222, 328. 

Casa Grande 28: 147. 

coiled 45: 54 .si;., 223 sqg., 329. 

cooking utensils 4: 484 sqq. 

copied in pottery 4: 449. 

declination of manufacture of water- 
tight 4: 496. 

description of 45: 51-55. 

difficulties encountered in 41: 2.58- 
261, 263. 

diffusion of the art of 41: 13.3-139. 

discussion of 13: 15. 

distribution of, among tribes 45: 
223. 

earthenware derived from 13: 11. 

feather crowns 38: § 519-527. 

found in Honanki 17: 572. 

Gila-Salt region 28: 156. 

Hud.son collection of 21: xxxiil. 

imperfection in 41 : 262. 

in cavate lodges 13: 228. 

Indian 46: 36, 83. 

ingenuity shown in 41: 261. 

lack of pottery modeled from 13: 
38. 

materials used in 45: 222 sqq. 

not esthetic 40: 341. 

not found at Sikyatki 17:649. 

of the Apache 2: 355. 

of the Flathead group 45: 328 sqq. 

of the Omaha 13: 278. 

of the Shinumos 2: 334. 

of the Siouan tribes 15: 172. 

of the Zuni 2: 334. 

ornamentation of 45: 55, 329. 

paper on 42: 17. 

Pima 28: 147. 

Pima, agave leaf rings 26: 113. 

Pima, basket bowls 26: 135 sq. 

Pima, character 26: 164 sq. 



SXTBJECT INDEX 



105 



Basketry — Continued 

Pima, designs employed 26: 136- 

140. 
Pima, implements 26: 135. 
Pima, Kifiha 26: 140-143. 
Pima, materials 26: 131-134. 
Pima, method 26: 135. 
Pima, minor types 26: 145 sqq. 
Pima, sleeping mats 26: 147 sq. 
Pima, storage baskets 26: 143 sq. 
plants used for 30: 81. 
Pueblo types of 22, i: 9S sq. 
Quahatica 28: 140. 
rarely preserved by charring 13: 

36". 
roots used in making 45: 496. 
Seri characters of 17: 10, 208* .sq. 
Seri decoration of 17: 175*. 
specimens from Wolpi 2: 389. 
specimens from Zuiii 2: 368. 
suggesting ornament 4: 57, 461. 
taught to girls 40: 309. 
Tewa, of willow 31: 14. 
time required for 41: 412 sg. 
Tlingit 26: 395. 
Tsimshian, not elaborate 31: 49. 
twined, imprints of 44: 106. 
water-tight 41: 135, 201 sq. 
woman's share in 38: §900. 
Yavapai 26: 164 sq. 
Zufii, different kinds of 23: 373. 
See also Basket; Baskets; etc. 
Baskets 

at Tusayan altar 16: 279. 

birch-bark 45: 52. 

cedar-bark 45: 53 sq. 

cedar-root 45: 51. 

collection of Indian 3: 576-586, 

589. 
decoration of 45: 55, 329. 
decrease in use of 45: 342. 
designs of 45: 226. 
flexible 45: 51. 
for cooking berries 35: 138, 284, 

288. 
for huckleberries 35: 140. 
for steaming 35: 555, 561. 
for viburnum berries 35: 138. 
for wild carrots 35: 139. 
grass, made by the Eskimo 18: 204 

sq. 
hexagon-base, spiral weft of 38: 

§412. 



Baskets — Continued 

Hudson collection of, acquisition of 

20: X. 
Hudson coUection of, studj- of 20: 

XVI sq. 
imitation of effect of, bj' finger-nail 

markings on pottery 20: 75, 79. 
new, custom regarding 35: 607. 
of cedar bark 35: 136, 139, 226, 

228, 235, 240, 252, 254. 
of the Eskimo 9: 326 sq. 
openwork 45: 52. 
openwork, making of 35: 134. 
pictographs on 10: 217. 
rack for holding 35: 171. 
set for berry picking 35: 204, 205, 

206, 208, 209, 213, 214, 216, 217, 

218, 220, 269. 
shapes of 45: 224 sq. 
use of, as models for clay vessels 

20: 68, 162. 
use of, by California Indians 20: 

XVII. 

use of clay in protecting from fire 

20: 49. 
use of, in manufacture and decora- 
tion of pottery 20: 36, 50, 65, 
69 sqq., 134. 
use of, in salt making 20: 28. 
See also Basket; Basketry; etc. 
Baskets, Clay, from Zuni 2: 360. 
Bass, Jeremiah, purchase of lands by 

18: 588 sq. 
Bassett Place, soapstone mine on 

15: 131. 
Bassler, B. S., acknowledgment to 

41: 494. 
Basswood 

in Cherokee lore 19: 421, 505. 
use of 44: 293, 307, 321, 334, 378. 
Basswood Bark, rope made from 

32: 122. 
Bastian, A., on Northwest masks 3: 

113, 114. 
Basutoland, South Africa, petroglyphs 

in 10: 182 sq. 
Bat 

carving of the 2: 144. 

how regarded by Central Americans 

16: 225. 
in Pima song 26: 295. 
myths concerning 19: 286 sq., 454. 
string figures of, of Guiana Indians 
38: §682. 



106 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Bat — Coutinued 

trail in Canyon de Chelly 16: 157. 

See also Bats. 
Bat House 

description of ruin of 8: 52. 

ruin of tlie 17: 590. 
Bat Mountain, legend of 30: 259. 
Bates, H. W., cited 30:118,157,170, 
174, 176, 180, 181, 242, 275, 288, 
298, 312, 328, 329, 330, 342, 352. 
Batesville, Ark., occurrence of .salt- 
making ves.sels near 20: 28. 
Bateys. See Juegos de Bola. 
Bathing 

among the Omaha 3 : 269. 

as a purifying rite 42: 358, 359, 
360, 366, 395, 553, 601, 604. 

attempt to obtain success by 31: 
451. 

baskets used for 41: 199, 396. 

ceremonial 47: 506, 777, 868 sg. 

customs of 42: 520 sq. 

for purification 35: 1123. 

in Ghost dance ceremony 14: 921. 

in medical practice of the Cherokees 
7: 333 sg., 335 sg. 

mention of, among the Guiana 
Indians 38: § 932. 

obligatory 42: 699. 

omission of 30: 272. 

punishment for neglect of 42: 357. 

reference to 27: 585. 

regulations concerning 42: 365 sg. 

ritual 47: 286. 

strength obtained by, in cold water 
31: 451. 

symbolic 47: 777. 

time for 30: 131. 

.See also Sweat Bath; Baths. 
Bathing Customs 

of the Caribs 34: 226, 230. 

various 44: 224; 45: 169, 174. 

See also Bathing; Baths. 
Baths 

process of women's 23: 425. 

public, absence of, among the Omaha 
13: 274. 

sweat, of Kurahus 22, ii: 26. 

use of 11: 300. 

vapor, cedar used in 33: 64. 

vapor, of the Guiana Indians 38: 
§922. 

See also Bathing. 
Bathtub, occurrence of. Florida Pen- 
insula 20: 130. 



Bathtub Baskets, terms for 41: 396. 
Bati'qtUba, game of the Arapaho 

14: 1007. 
Batni, the first pueblo of the Snake 

people of Tusayan 8: 18. 
Batons 

ceremonial 34: 210 sq. 
clay, from Barbadoes 34: 87. 
death-bringing 35: 1216. 
from Dutch Guiana 34: 132. 
mention of 25: 195. 
of wood 34: 132. 
Batre, Senor, visit of, to Cempoalan 

25: 234 sq. 
Batre Mineral Claim, fort near 

28: 215 sg. 
Bats 

legends concerning 30: 221, 259, 

276. 
omens drawn from 30: 274. 
Sec also Bat. 
Bat's Bane 38: § 9.34. 
Batsi, land cessions and reservations 

18: 784. 
Batt, Capt. Henry, exploring party 

under 5: 138. 
Battenstick, use of 2: 434. 
Battered Stone Implements dis- 
cussed 15: 94. 
Battering, implements shaped by 

15: 26, 148. 
Battey, Thomas C. 

acknowledgments to 17: 147. 
establishment of Indian schools by 

17: 198. 
first teacher among the Kiowa 17: 

193. 
on character of Lone-Wolf 17: 

199. 
on hostihties of 1874 17: 202. 
on Kicking-Bird 17: 217. 
onKiowahostility in 1873 17: 337. 
on Kiowa hunting customs 17: 

230. 
on Kiowa medicine lodge 17: 243. 
on Kiowa-Pawnee peacemaking 17: 

334. 
on Kiowa population in 1873 17: 

235. 
on Kiowa raids in 1873 17: 337. 
on Pawnee war dance 17: 335. 
on release of Kiowa chiefs 17: 197. 
on visiting ceremony 19: 493. 



:,NNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



107 



Battiste Qood 

revelation of 10: 289 sq. 
winter count of 10: 268 sq., 2S7- 
328. 
Battle, sign for 1: 419. 
Battle Kattlepod 33:90. 
Battle Records 

Algonkin 10: 557 sq. 

French, from Indian account 10: 

558. 
from winter counts 10: 561 sqq. 
Iroquois-Algonkin 10: 554 sq., 556. 
mention of 10: 554-566. 
Ojibwa 10: 556 sq. 
of Little Bighorn 10: 563-566. 
Battlefield, Chukchee-Eskimo 46: 

86, 117. 
Battlemuleemauch 

a Mitaui synonym 14: 734. 
an Okanagan division 14: 734. 
Battowia, Indian caves of 34: 89. 
Batts, — , on Tutelo habitat in 1671 

7: 114. 
Batts, Thomas, exploration into Cher- 
okee country by 19: 31. 
Batuca, Opata settlement in Sonora 

14: 537. 
Batz day symbol discussed 16: 241. 
Bauer, M. " 46: 367. 
Bautista, Juan, on Mexican rain- 
conjurers 14: 150. 
Bax"bakwalanux"siwe' 35: 1222. 
Baxones, flute reed instruments 38: 

§570. 
Baxter, B. H., account of Snake dance 

by 16: 274. 
Bayagoula 

a tribe of Choctaw confederacy 19: 

500. 
hoop and pole game of the 24: 

485. 
smoke holes used by the 42: 688. 
Bayard, Nicholas, grant of lands to 

18: 580. 
Bayley, Q. W. 

acknowledgments to 44: 32. 
assistance of 42: 9. 
Bayou Magon, moimds near, of 

natural origin 44: 434 sq. 
Bays, used medicinally 42: 670. 
Ba-zhe-ech, treaty signed by, in 1867 

17: 186. 
Beaches, archeological remains on 
46: 172. 
n.'-.719°— 3.3 8 



Beach's Indian Miscellany, cited 

4: 188. 
Beacon Markings, definition of 17: 

168*. 
Bead 

application of term 41:322. 

apron 38: §78, 549. 

grow on trees 38: §822. 

making 47: 212. 

making among Zuni 23: 378. 

necklace made of 38: §535. 

threading of 38: §77. 

variety of 38: §73-76. 

Sec aho Beading; Beads. 
Bead Bread. See Popped Corn. 
Bead Water 

preparation of 30: 76. 

used in ceremonies 30: 76. 
Beaded Bags of the Menomini 14: 

74. 
Beaded Designs 41: 234 sqq. 
Beading 

as ornamentation 41: 362. 

materials used for 41: 155. 

methods of 41: 223-226. 

relation of, to imbrication 41: 384 
sq. 

terms used in 41: 400. 

time required for 41: 413. 

See also Bead; Beads. 
Beadle, J. H. 

Canyon de Chelly visited by 16; 
SO. 

quoted on Canyon de Chelly 16: 
86. 
Beads 

amethyst 44: 104. 

among the Pima 26: 28, 163. 

bird bone 44: 138. 

bone 44: 137 sq. 

bone, finding of, at Chaves Pass 
ruins 22, i: 95. 

classification of 2: 219. 

clay, occurrence of, eastern United 
States 20: 25, 42. 

clay, occurrence of, Florida Peninsu- 
la 20: 119, 124. 

clay, occurrence of. Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley province 20: 83. 

columella, specimens obtained 44: 
158. 

copper, found in graves 44: 461, 
462. 

discoidal in form 2: 221. 



108 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH 



Beads — Continued 

disk, specimens obtained 44: 1(53. 

Eskimo 9: 149. 

Eskimo fishing apparatus made of 

18: 177 sqq. 
Eskimo ornamentation by 18: 33- 
36, 38, 45-49, 52, 58, 84, 105, 228, 
285, 344. 
Eskimo, and earrings 18: 52-57. 
European, worn by Mission Indians 

44: 147. 
found in graves at Sikyatki 14: 

619. 
found in shell-lieap burials 44: 

445. 
from Awatobi 17: 628. 
glass, taken from mound 44: 167. 
hinge 44: 160. 
in Sikyatki graves 17: 733. 
mention of 25: 108 sq., 192; 34: 

231 sq. 
miscellaneous stone 44: 104. 
of different materials 2: 219, 232, 

235. 
Pismo clamshell 44: 155. 
pottery 41: 521, 522. 
recovered from child's grave 41: 

529. 
resemblance of spindle whorls to 

clay 20: 33. 
rock-oyster shell 44: 160. 
Russian glass 46: 61, 136, 173, 363. 
steatite disk 44: 103. 
South Appalachian group, occur- 
rence of, in burial vase 20: 136. 
use of 42: 685; 46: 590. 
use of, in imprinting textile patterns 

20: 79. 
use of, in initiation 47: 315. 
used for necklaces 45: 81. 
used in embroidery 13: 28. 
Venetian, occurrence of, in Florida 

mounds 20: 720. 
See aiso Bead; Beads, Shell; Beads, 
Stone; Nodes; Wampum. 
Beads, Shell 

from ruined Pueblo on Little Colo- 
rado River, description of 22, i: 
92 sq. 
kinds of, used in belts 2: 247. 
manner of stringing 2: 234, 236, 

244, 248. 
manufacture of 2: 236. 
manufacture of, by whites 2: 238. 



Beads, Shell — Continued 
massive in form 2: 223. 
mention of 2: 219. 
mnemonic use of 2: 240, 254. 
or "runtees" 2: 228. 
perforated 2: 219. 
tubular in form 2: 226. 
use of, as money 2: 219, 233. 
use of, as ornaments 2: 219, 230, 
234. 
Beads, Stone 

from Casa Grande 28: 131. 
mention of 44: 103 sqq. 
Beadwork 

mention of 45: 47. 

of the Menomini 14: 264, 265, 269- 

272. 
on clothing 45: 7S sq., 337 sqq. 
patterns for 44: 390. 
taught to girls 40: 309. 
Beak, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 67, 78, 80. 
Beale, — , location of land by 18: 

789. 
Beale Wagon Bead 4: 30. 
Beams 

Chaco pueblos, how squared 8: 

184. 
construction of steps upon 8: 162. 
for supporting passageway wall 8: 

181. 
for supporting upper walls 8: 144. 
modern finish of 8: 149. 
of missions in Walpi houses 17: 

586. 
of Palatki ruin 17: 557. 
Tusayan kivas, taken from Spanish 
church at Shumopavi 8: 76. 
Bean, Lieutenant — , part taken by, at 

Horseshoe Bend 19: 95. 
Bean, Mrs. — , rescue of, by Nancy 

Ward 19: 48, 204, 490. 
Bean, T. H., ethnologic specimens col- 
lected by 18: 80, 87, 171. 
Bean, a female man-being in Iroquoian 

cosmology 21: 174. 
Bean 

garden 33: 96. 
in Cherokee lore 19: 424, 471. 
probable place of origin 33 : 59. 
See also Beans; Wild Bean. 
Bean, Ground 33: 95. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



109 



Bean Katcina. See Muzribi. 
Bean Planting 

mention of 21 : 22. 
See also PowamA. 
Bean-planting Ceremony of the 

Hopi 17: 702. 
Beans 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcina.s 21: 68, 101. 
as food among the Omahas 3: 308. 
aversion to, by Egyptians and Abys- 

sinians 9: 517. 
celebration of new crop of 42 : 550, 

568. 
ceremonially grown 15: 276, 279. 
colors of, importance of 30: 69. 
how prepared 30: 69 sq. 
in Hopi ceremonies 21: 31, 39, 70, 

81. 
in Pima song 26: 326. 
mention of 33: 136. 
stores of, kept by Indians 14: 5S4. 
string of, used as a signal by Tecum- 

seh 9: 555. 
traded by Pima 26: 94. 
used in folklore 30: 85. 
varieties of, raised by the Pima 26: 

76, 92. 
wUd, found by Coronado 14: 507. 
See aUo Bean ; Wild Bean. 
Bean Shooter 
used by 24: 

Hopi 760. 

Makah 761. 

Mono 760. 

Opitchesaht 761. 

Southwest tribes 760. 

Zuni 761. 
Bean Vines in Tusayan ceremony 

16: 280, 283. 
Bear 

among the Eskimo — ■ 

arrows for killing 9: 202. 

belief in supernatural powers of 
18: 438. 

encounters with 18: 120. 

lance for hunting 9: 240. 

legends of red 18: 467-471. 

methods of hunting and trapping 
18: 120-123. 

uses of intestine of 18: 118. 
among the Pima — 

diseases caused by 26: 262. 

in song 26: 318 sq. 



Bear — Continued 
among the Tlingil — 

as a charm 26: 454. 

chief's name 26: 407. 

in calendar 26: 426. 

in mythology 26: 451. 

mask of 26: 436. 

name of gaming stick 26: 444. 

treatment of head 26: 451. 
association of, with curing 47: 528, 

531 sq., 784, 794. 
associations, with Tha'tada gens 

27: 42. 
beliefs concerning 44: 324; 45: 

184, 289. 
bones of, to give magic power 32: 

343. 
claws of, worn as necklace 46: 553. 
connection with Moochu'ithaethe 

27: 486 sq. 
dead, invocation to 46: 499 sqq. 
flayed, ceremony over 23: 126. 
hunting of 27: 275; 44: 241 sq. 
in Tewa conception 29: 43. 
invoked in medicine 30: 60. 
killed by shooting in forefoot 32: 

343. 
killing of 46: 537 sq. 
meat of 46: 105. 
modeled representation of, Iroquoian 

pipes 20: 174. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 250, 

264, 268, 273 sq., 286 sq., 325-329, 

411, 436, 446 sq., 450 sqq., 472 sqq.. 

504. 
myths concerning 11: 39, 47, 477. 
nurses and cares for boy 32: 442. 
of the Ungava district 11: 174. 
polar 46: 104, 105. 
signs for 1: 412. 
songs of 19: 400, 401. 
symbol of fire 45: 644. 
See also Black Bear; Grizzly 

Bear. 
Bear 

a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 173, 303. 
See also Honau. 
"Bear, The," revenue cutter 46: 

30, 86, 88, 90, 91, 104, 112, 117, 

119, 120, 123, 172. 
Bear and Eagle 

folk tale of 14: 217. 



110 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



11N.48 



Bear and Eagle — Continued 

in Menomini mythology 14: 91, 

131, 169, 175, 200, 254. 
in pueblo region 14: 518, 560. 
totem, Menomini, importance of 
14: 45. 
Bear Butte, my this concerning 1 1 : 

449. 
Bear Clan 

associated wth Snake-Antelope so- 
cieties at Walpi 19: 624. 
associations of 42: 149. 
costume worn by members of 23: 

473. 
customs of 37: 227 sq., 148-153. 
dance for benefit of 37: 386. 
early arrival of, at Tusayan 17: 

582. 
feast of 37: 321. 
functions of 37: 200, 226. 
importance of 37: 226. 
insignia of 37: 226. 
introduction of katcina by member 

of 2: 111. 
known as Soldier Clan 37: 218. 
lodge of 37: 226, 229. 
native names for 42: 115. 
origin mytlis of 37: 225. 
performance of members of 23: 

473. 
personal names of 37: 236 sq. 
relations of, with Wolf Clan 37: 

227. 
same as Ke Clan 19: 615, 618. 
size of 47: 35. 
songs of 37: 235. 
story concerning 42: 110. 
story of origin of 42: 113. 
symbol of 37: 203. 
war-bundle feast of 37: 547-550. 
See also Honau Clan. 
Bear Claws, used for necklaces 45: 

82. 
Bear Creek Chippewa, reservation 

for 18: 810. 
Bear Dance 

description of 42: 527. 
mention of 42: 523, 524. 
Bear Designs, on food-bowl from 
Four-mile ruins, description and 
figure of 22, i: 153, 154. 
Bear Disease, description of 42: 
640. 



Bear Family of Hano, mask owned 

by 21: 112. 
Bear Family of Walpi, similarity of 

mask of, to that of Ke Towa 

Bisena 21: 112. 
Bear Feast, origin myth of 37: 301 

Bear Fetish, White, Zuni 2: 40. 
Bear Gens, reference to 40: 358, 

515. 
Bear Grass, in Cherokee lore 19: 

420. 
Bear Hunt, description of 37: 111 

sq. 
Bear Eatcinas 

personation of, in Hopi festivals 

21: 41. 
similarity of symbolism of, to those 
of the badger 21: 95. 
Bear Lodge, Kiowa mythic origin of 

17: 160. 
Bear-lying-down. See Set-ema'-i. 
Bear Man, myth of 19: 262, 327 sqq. 
Bear Medicine of the Chippewa 44: 

324. 
Bear or Effigy Mound, examination 

of 44: 494. 
Bear-on-trees. See Set-agyaf. 
Bear Paws, appearance of, in picture 

of Hopi katcinas 21: 95, 112. 
Bear People 

movements of 8: 27, 30, 31, 38. 
removal to Walpi of the 8: 21, 27. 
settlement in Tusayan of the 8: 
20, 26. 
Bear Point, Ala., pottery from 20: 

106 .sg. 
Bear Sign, on Eskimo implements 

18: 326 sq. 
Bear Songs and Dances, origin of 

32: 658. 
Bear-Track, a noted shaman 45: 

3S4 sq. 
Bearberry 

mention of 33: 108. 

use of 44: 287, 318, 377; 45: 

457, 458, 486, 493, 494, 514. 
See also Arctostaphylos TJva-ursi. 
Bearberry Honeysuckle 
belief concerning 45: 511. 
use of 45: 489. 
Beard, John, killing of Indians by 
19: 74. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



111 



Beard, a Broken Arrow chief 42: 322. 
Beards 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 72, 84, 86, 88, 99, 
110, 112. 
extraction of 46: 593. 
of Eskimo men 18: 26 sq. 
removal of 45: S3, 241. 
Western Eskimo 46: 213-227, 249. 
Beardslee, Commander L. A. ( U. S. X.) , 

material collected by 24: 243. 
Beard-tongue 

rabbit .sticks made from 30: 96. 
used in ceremonies 30: 95 sg. 
Bears 

guarding pathway to chestnuts 32: 

505. 
hunting of 42: 693. 
taboo of, to the taime 17: 323. 
used to convey boy 32: 284. 
Bear's GaU, u.se of " 44: 330. 
Bear's Oil, use of, at busk 42: 598 sq. 
Bear's Paw Design, on pottery from 
Pueblo ruins, figures showing 22, 
i: 73, 155. 
Bearskin, John, songs recorded from 

48: 16. 
Bearskin 

appearance of, in pictures of Ho))i 

katcinas 21: 112. 
Eskimo clothing made of 18: 31, 

35, 38, 39, 40. 
Eskimo house-fittings made of 18: 
243, 246. 
Bearskin-rope People, settlement in 

Tusayanof the 8: 26, 27. 
Beasley, Maj. Daniel, commander of 

Fort Minis 19: 216. 
Beast Fable, development of 19: 

XXXII srj. 
Beast God Societies, activities of 

47: .^)2s. 
Beast Gods 

creation of 23: 49, 409 
cult of 47: 528-534. 
definition of 21: 135. 
food deposited for 23 : 492. 
medicine of, collection of 23: 552 

name given to 23: 409. 
offering of game to 23: 440. 
one selected for each region 23: 49. 
reference to 29: 43. 
singing of songs to 23: 515. 



Beasts 

change of men into 30: 149, 150 

sq., 182, 184. 
mythic, believed in by the Eskimos 

18: 394. 
Sec also Animals. 
Beatty, Charles, describes wampum 

bolts 2: 250. 
Beauchamp, Reu. William M. 

acknowledgments to 20: 17: 29: 

12. 
beads sketched by 2: 228. 
chapter written by 12: 540-550. 
engaged as special aid 12: 19. 
exploration of Iroquoian province by 

20: 159. 
indebtedness to, acknowledged 12: 

25. 
information furnished by 12: 503. 
on ancient Micmac village 24: 77. 
on belts of wampum 2: 252. 
on dice games of the Onondaga 24: 

111. 
on hidden ball of the Onondaga 24: 

349. 
on strings of wampum 2: 248. 
studies in Iroquoian pottery by 20: 

167. 
Beaulieu, G. H. 

information furnished by 24: 401 
material collected by 24: 64, 65 

401. 
on dice games of the Chippewa 24 

65. 
on snow-snake of the Chippewa 24 

401 sq. 
Beauty 

appreciation of 33: 32, 328, 617, 

630, 646. 
Eskimo 46: 107, 213. 
Indian 46: 151. 
native children 46: 59. 
test of 33: 657. 
Beaux Banter, Tukabahchee chief 

42: 322. 
Beaver, — on Ohio Cherokee 19: 

79. 
Beaver 

a life symbol 36: 99, 100. 

a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 174, 202, 287, 315. 
chase of 11: 316. 
Cherokee myths and lore concerning 

19: 266, 314 sq., 465 sq., 474. 



112 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Beaver — Continued 

eaten by the Pima 26: 81. 
Eskimo belief in supernatural powers 

of 18: 438. 
Eskimo methods of trapping 18: 

123, 125. 
Eskimo use of skin of, as unit of 

value 18: 232. 
illness caused by 42: 644. 
in Menomini myth 14: 134. 
in Pima song 26: 320. 
in Tlingit mythology 26: 452. 
modeled representation of, Middle 
Mississippi Valley pottery 20: 107. 
myths concerning 11: 339, 439. 
name of Tlingit gaming stick 26: 

444. 
Tlingit crest animal 26: 416, 420. 
Tlingit house-group name 26: 401. 
trapping of 46: 411, 538. 
value of skin of, among the Eskimo 
18: 225. 
Beaver, The, reservation for 18: 716. 
Beaver Clan 

native names for 42: 115. 
origin of 42: 111, 113. 
position of 42: 148 sq. 
story concerning 42: 108. 
Beaver Creek, Nebr. 

cliff ruin, description of 13: 186. 
pictographs on 4: 27. 
jxittery from 20: 199 sq. 
reference to 27: 100, 101. 
Beaver Dance, mention of 42: 523, 

534. 
Beaver Dish, mention of 35: 730, 
806, 811, 814, 815, 816, 840, 962, 
1040, 1349. 
Beaver Hat, explanation of 31: 270 

aqq. 
"Beaver Hat," Pima account of 26: 

81. 
Beaver Hunter and his Sister, folk- 
tale of 14: 222. 
Beaver Hunting Ground, cession of 

18: 552 sqq-, 580 s?. 
Beaver Island Chippewa, reserva- 
tions for 18: 756, 810. 
Beaver Root 33: 107. 
Beaver-tooth Tools, Eskimo 18: 89 

sq. 
Beavers 

belief concerning 45: 184, 291. 



Beavers — Continued 

called upon to destroy enemy 32: 
120. 

.Sec also Beaver. 
Becancour 

Indians residing at 43: 169. 

native name for 43: 169. 

origin of Indians at 43: 171. 
Becerillo 25: 40. 
Bechamel, F. See Grillet and 

Bechamel. 
Bechtler, coining of gold by 19: 220. 
Bechuana of Africa 

burial of the 1 : 126. 

perforated stones of the 13: 98. 
Beck, Lewis C, cited 12: 629,658. 
Becker, G. F., on Southern gold fields 

19: 221. 
Beckham, Henry, grant of land to 

18: 580. 
Beckley,W.Va., trail passing 42: 767. 
Beckwith, — , on Pit River stone- 
chipping 13: 141. 
Beckwith, Dr. Martha Warren 

contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 

note on accompanying paper of 33: 
40. 

paper by 39: 24; 40: 17. 
Beckwith, Paul, material collected by 

24: 1S5. 
Beckwourth, James, on Crow mourn- 
ing 1: 183. 
Bed 

in square ground, sketch of 42: 187. 

of Prairie tribes 14: 963. 

,S«<: (i/.so Beds. 
Bed Dance 

mention of 42: 524. 

no details known of 42: 529. 
Be'dalpago, Kiowa name of the whites 

14: 978. 
Bedding 

of child, hidden in cave 35: 671, 
673. 

toy, of Eskimo children 18: 345. 

See also Beds; etc. 
Bede, The Venerable, treatise on ges- 
tures 1: 287. 
Beds 

and bedding 45: 63 sq., 229. 

and bedding of the Omaha 13: 275. 

construction of 42: 689. 

discussion of position of 42: 199 sq. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



113 



Beds — Continued 

erection of, for new ground 42: 

545. 
names given to 42: 191 sg. 
number of 42: 187. 
of the Menomini 14: 272. 
of the Tsimshian, location of 31: 

395. 
orientation of 42: 18. 
position of, in various towns 42: 

197-200. 
surrounding square ground 42: 

lSl-187. 
See also Bed; Bedding. 
Bedsteads, not used by the Pueblos 

8: 214. 
Bedstraw, fragrant 33: 115. 
Bee 

imitation of, by Hopi katcinas 21: 

81. 
mention of 11: 54. 
See also Bees; Honey. 
Bee Plant u^iol fur food 30: (i9. 
Beechey, Capt. Frederick W. 

cited on Eskimo seal dart 9: 252. 
cited on Eskimo superstitions 9: 

434. 
description of Eskimo bracer by 9: 

210. 
description of Eskimo seal dart by 9 : 

218. 
description of Eskimo umiak by 9: 

343. 
mention of 46: 168, 205, 214, 219, 

228. 
on lodge burial 1: 154. 
work consulted 9: 21. 
Beede, A. McG., specimen presented 

by 36: 34. 
Beef 

dried, chemical composition of 19: 

1082. 
first issued to Dakotas 4: 125. 
Beekman, Dora, founder of the Beek- 

manites 14: 945. 
Been. See Ben. 
"Beer" Chicha 38: § 2.56. 
Bees 

among the Cherokee 19: 82, 214. 
and excreta 38: § 721, 935. 
and wasps eaten 38: § 226. 
controlled by medicine men 30: 

341. 
domestic 38: § 726. 
effect of water on 30: 201. 



Bees — Continued 

in Cherokee lore 19: 309. 

legends concerning 30: 199 sgq., 

204 sq., 305. 
presage from 30: 276 sg. 
See also Bee. 
Beeswax 38: § 5, 24. 
Beetle, Sawyer, talismans from 30: 

289. 
Beetle- wing Cases, music 38: §575. 
Beetles 

eaten by the Guiana Indians 38: 

§ 224." 
in Mohave mythology 26: 252. 
in Pima mythology 26: 232, 248. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 

239, 308, 314, 430, 463. 
string figures 38: §665. 
used by the Eskimo 18: 88. 
whistling, omen from 30: 272. 
See also Water Beetle. 
Before, pictographs for 10: 589. 
Beggary, among the Point Barrow 

Eskimo 9: 42. 
Begging, among the Eskimo 18: 295, 

300. 
Begging Ceremony 37: 387; 45: 

389. 
Begging Dance 3: 355; 35: S56. 
Behavior, Western Eskimo 46: 92, 

94, 107, 134, 213-228, 240, 250. 
Beheaders, term applied to the Da- 
kota 17: 281. 
Behechio, a Haitian cacique 25: 49, 

70, SI. 
Behersda Tree, for tinder 38: § 1. 
Behne, K. A., specimens purchased 

from 37: 30. 
Behrendt, Dr. Carl Hermann, on 

Maya numeral system 19: 892. 
Beille O'Beille, authority for Iro- 

fiuoian myth 2: 59. 
Beings 

not called katcinas, description of 

21: 118, 121. 
primal, in Iroquoian thought 21: 
135. 
Bejarano, Servan, testimony of 14: 

598. 
Belcher, mound at 44: 407. 
Belden, George 

on dice games, Yankton Dakota 

24: 184 sq. 
on shinny, Yankton Dakota 24: 
639 sqq. 



114 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Belden, John purchase of land by 

18: 618. 
Beliefs 

and customs, Kwakiutl 35: 603- 

748. 
character of primitive 11: xliv. 

67. 
concerning animal food 41: 608. 
concerning animals 46: 487. 
concerning astronomy 46: 414-418. 
conserning birds 47: 639. 
concerning buffalo 1 1 : 475. 
concerning charms 45: 118 s?., 196 

sq., 394 sq., 505 sq. 
concerning crime 46: 479-483. 
concerning future life 46: 418. 
concerning Great Spirit 46: 397. 
concerning plants 45: 507-510. 
concerning pregnancy 47: 213. 
concerning preliistoric animals 46: 

412. 
concerning remedies 43: 267-270. 
concerning source of life 45: 631. 
concerning terrestrial rights 46: 

476 sqq. 
concerning the earth 46 : 406. 
concerning witchcraft 47: 204,205, 

242 sq. 
in future state 45: 596. 
in Great Spirit 11: 365, 431. 
mortuary 11: 143, 192. 
of the Eskimo 1 1 : 196. 
of the Flathead 45: 394 sq. 
of the Okanagon 45: 294. 
of the Southern Indians 41: 544. 
primitive, definition of 16: 22. 
regarding birth 35: 651-657. 
regarding coffins 35: 687. 
regarding cripples 35: 696. 
regarding currants 35: 575. 
regarding fern roots 35: 524. 
regarding food caught by a deceased 

person 35: 1330. 
regarding hearing of game animals 

35: 637. 
regarding maturing girls 35: 700. 
regarding stones in stomach of hali- 
but 35: 1324. 
regarding twins of opposite se.xes 

35: 713. 
relating to devil-fish 35: 614. 
relating to first halibut of season 

35: 247. 
Siouan peoples, not found among 
11: 371. 



Belkofski 46: 189. 

Bell, — , a wilderness worshipper 14: 

946. 
Bell, Prof. A. Graham, on vocal artic- 
ulation of dogs 1 : 275. 
Bell, Charles N., on influence of wild 
rice on geographic nomenclature 
19: 1121. 
Bell, E. 46: 219. 
Bell, James, cited 12: 673. 
Bell, John, flight of 19: 134. 
Bell, R., sale of interest in certain lands 

by 18: 671. 
BeU 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 89. 
clay, from Awatobi 17: 628. 
copper fragments of, from Awatobi 

17: 609, 631. 

ringing of, in Hopi festival 21: 37. 

use of, by Hopi katcinas 21: 77. 

used in Hopi ceremony 17: 628. 

Bell Clapper, recovered from mound 

44: 166. 
Bell County, Ky., image found in 

41: 565. 
Bell Shell Ornament for lip 38: 

§74. 
Bellabella 

divided into matrilineal groups 31: 

480. 
exogamic groups of the 31: 481. 
of Millbank Sound 31: 480. 
recorded tribes of 31: 481. 
stick games of the 24: 263. 
Bellabella and Nootka Tales 31: 

883-935. 
Bellacoola Indians 

ceremonial dress of the 10: 431. 
games of the 24: 
dice games 155 
hand game 299. 
hoop and pole 421, 489 sq. 
shuttlecock 717. 
stick games 249. 
population of 7: 105, 131. 
Bellevue, Nebr., references to 27: 

100, 626, 632, 633. 
Bellevue College, reference to 27: 

627. 
Bellevue, Treaty of 18: 762; 27: 

623. 
Bellomont, Earl of 

cited on the Tutelo 7: 114. 



bonnebjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



115 



Bellomont, Earl of — Continued 
instructions on Indian aflFairs to 18: 
580. 
Bellows used by Navaho silversmiths 

2: 172. 
Bells 

Ahouai seeds used as 38: § 574. 
copper, from Pueblo ruins 22, i: 

50, 111, 162 sq. 
vised in Shaker ceremony 14: 749, 

755. 
used in Smohalla worship 14: 730. 
Bellucia Aubleti 
for paint 38: § 28. 
for pottery 38: §94. 
BeUy Basket 38: §439. 
Belmar, Francisco 

on formation of Mazateca numbers 

above ten 19: 888 sq. 
on Mazateca method of counting 

19: 879. 
on Trike numerals 19: 908. 
on Zapotecan number names 19: 
872. 
Belmont County, Ohio, rock carv- 
ings in 4: 21. 
Beloved Men 

a class of officials 42: .301-304. 
part taken Ijy, in the busk 42: 302. 
position of, in the beds 42: 302 sq. 
rulers of Creek Nation 42: 303 sq. 
Belt 

amulet, Eskimo 18: 435. 

mention of 35: 143. 

of the Guiana Indians 38: § 543 

sqq. 
worn by Eskimo during ceremonies 

18: 421. 
See also Belts. 
Belt fasteners, of the Eskimo 9: 

138. 
Belt Frame 

figures showing 22, i: 74,76,77,78, 
79, 80, 81, 115, 116, 117, 118, 132, 
146, 147, 148, 154. 
stone used in, from Pueblo ruins, 
description of 22, i: 73-81, 115- 
118, UGsqq. 
Beltrami, J. C. 

on burial feast 1: 190. 

on burial posts 1 : 197. 

on Dakota wild-rice moon 19: 1090. 

on Dakotas 4: 104 sq. 



Beltrami, J. C- -Continued 

on influence of wild rice on geograph- 
ic nomenclature 19: 1121, 1122. 

on population of the Fox 19: 1051. 
Beltran, — . 

on Maya numerals 19: 897. 

on Maya numerals above ten 19: 
S90-893. 
Belts 

and belt buttons, Eskimo 18: 
59-63. 

description of 45: 69. 

events recorded in 42: 455. 

instructions in making 40: 303. 

materials used for 42: 681. 

of the Eskimo 9: 135-138. 

of the Menomini 14: 272. 

See also Belt; Belts, Wampum. 
Belts, Wampum 

Brice (W . A .) on use and repudiation of 
2: 242, 246. 

character of the patterns woven into 
2: 240, 246, 248. 

dimensions of 2: 250, 253. 

keeper of the Iroquois 2: 241, 244. 

made by Indian women 2: 249. 

manufacture of 2: 248. 

method of handling, in councils 2: 
241, 246. 

number of beads in 2: 233, 251. 

profuse use of 2: 242. 

rarity of, in collections 2: 249. 

the Penn belt 2: 253. 

use of, as mnemonic devices 2: 240, 
2,54. 
Beluga. See Whale, white. 
Ben symbol in Maya hieroglyphs 

16: 218, 245. 
Benabides, Dominga 

exaggerated statistics of 47: 24. 

mention of 47: 258. 
Benavides, Alonso de 

on Acoma 29: 543. 

on Chilili 29: 531. 

on Isleta 29: 529, 530. 

on Jemez 29: 402. 

on methods of building pueblos 14: 
520. 

on Pecos 29: 476. 

on San Ildefonso 29: 305. 

on Sandia 29: 526, 527. 

on Santa Clara 29: 241. 

on Taos 29: 182. 



116 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(eth. 



Benavides, Alonso de — Continued 
on use of dogs by Plains Indians 14: 

527. 
Southwestern missions founded by 
13: 327. 
Bench 

around cliff kivas 16: 121, 136, 

137, 138, 177. 
domestic 38: § 328, 331. 
for acouri, etc. 38: § 164. 
in cliff outlook 16: 1.51. 
wooden, of the Oyana 38: § 328. 
See also Alligator Stools; Benches; 
Medicine-men, bench. 
Benches 

in Eskimo houses 18: 24,5, 246. 
in Navaho houses 17: 496. 
Mashongnavi mungkiva 8: 127. 
Pueblo houses, around rooms of 8: 

213. 
Tusayan kivas 8: 121, 123, 125. 
Zuni rooms 8: 110. 
Benchlike Becess in cliff kiva 16: 

124. 
Bending-Post-Oak House Group, 

story of 44: 207. 
Bendire, Capt. Charles 
on petrographs 4: 26. 
petroglyphs reported by 10: 122. 
stone relics from Oregon sent by 3: 
492. 
Benel, meaning of 16: 245. 
Bengal, account sticks or strings used 

by natives of 10: 264. 
Benham Collections of Gila Valley 

antiquities 28: 119. 
Beni'nena, an Arapaho warrior .society 

14: 986. 
Benitez, death of 14: 500. 
Bennings, quartzite blades from 15: 

79. 
Bennett, — , agreement concluded by 

18: 847. 
Bennett, L. E., on schools in Cherokee 

nation 19: 152. 
Benoit, Felix, interpreter in Sioux out- 
break 14: 865. 
Benopi land cessions and reservations 

18: 784. 
Benson, H. C, on Choctaw burial 1: 

186. 
Bent, Charles, on Nambe Pueblo 
29: 358. 



Bent, George 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
on absence of clans among the Chey- 
enne 14: 956. 
Bent, Jesse, acknowledgments to 14: 

6.55. 
Bent, WiUiam 

an early Indian trader 17: 172. 
at treaty of 1865 17: 180. 
on Plains tribes of 1859 17: 182. 
trading post of 17:283. 
Bent Horn, exhibition of shamanism 

by 11: 417. 
Benta, monochord musical instrument 

38: §571. 
Bentham, — , on wild rice in eastern 

Russia 19: 1037. 
Bentham and Hooker, on scientific 
synonym for wild rice 19: 1021. 
Bentley, Mrs., information supplied by 

42: 839, 848, 849 sg. 
Bentley, Thomas, steatite quarries re- 
ported by 15: 125. 
Bentley, William, quoted on Salem's 

Indian policy 18: 605. 
Benton, Dr. Elbert J., editorial work 
of 23: XXXVIII, XLii; 34: xxxiii; 
25: XXIII. 
Benton, Owen's Valley, Calif. 
petroglyphs at 4: 31, 32. 
petroglyphs near 10: 58. 
Bent's Fort, account of 17: 382. 
Benzoin sestivale, medicinal use of 

42: 6.57. 
Benzoni 

as a historian 25: 19 sq. 

on character of Antilleans 25: 31. 

on grinding maize 25: 106. 

on Haitian ceremony for crops 

25: 67. 
on Haitian zcmis 25: .54. 
on treatment of the sick 25: 61 sq. 
stone muUers figured by 25: 99. 
Benzoni, Girolami, cited on Indian 

medicine-men 9: 461. 
Beothuk, games of the 24: 97. 
Beothukan Family 7: 57 -fq. 
Bequia 

kitchen middens of 34: 89. 
number of specimens from 34: 49. 
Berard, Father. See Haile, Rev. 

Berard. 
Berberidaceae 33: 83. 
Berberis Aquifolium 45: 490, 502. 
Berberis Nervosa 45: 490. 



bonnerjeaJ 



SUBJECT INDEX 



117 



Berdaches 

beliefs concerning 1 1 : 378. 
description of 45: 384. 
how detected 40: 257. 
mention of 11: 467, 516. 
reference to 42: 700. 
See also Transvestites. 
Berea, Ky., trail to 42: 802. 
Berendt, C. H., Mayan studies of 

21: .XX VI. 
Berg, H. 46: 31, 104, 108, 113, 118, 

119, 120, 123, 172. 
Bergamot, wild 33: 111. 
Berger, aid rendered by 17: 13. 
Berghaus, Heinrich, linguistic litera- 
ture of 7: 16. 
Bergmann, C. F. W., aid rendered by 

17: XLVi. 
Bering, Capt. I. I. oi- V. 46: 209. 
Bering Sea 

amphitheater of migrations from 

Asia 46: 93, 95, 96. 
archeology of 46: 144, 168, 363, 

366. 
crania from 46: 260, 364, 365. 
islands 46: 255. 
Bering Sea Eskimo 
home of the 46: 238. 
mention of 46: 227, 359. 
Bering Strait 

character of people on 18: 301 sq. 

crania from 46: 233. 

Eskimo of 46: 225, 226, 227. 

masks from 3: 135. 

memoir on Eskimo about 18: 19- 

51. 
umiaks used on 18: 217. 
Berlin, Museum fiir Volkerkunde 
celts in 34: 177 sq. 
Guesde collection in 34: 128. 
West Indian objects in 34: .50, 215, 
218. 
Berliner, Emile, acknowledgments to 

14: 655. 
BerUner Gesellschaft fiir Anthro- 
pologie etc., V erhandlungen der, 
cited 6: 409, 616. 
Berkeley, Sir William 

exploring expedition by 5: 138. 
instructions to 18: 626, 627. 
Berkeley, Lord, grant to 18: 530, 

588. 
Berks County, aboriginal qi 
15: 78. 



Bermejo. See Vermejo. 

Bermuda Hundred, Va., trail from 

42: 775. 
Bernabe, Chrisastomo Gil de, estab- 
lishment of mission by 17: 80 
sqq. 
Bernal, Capt. Cristobal M., reference 

to 28: 16. 
Bernaldez, Andros 

on dress of Cuban cacique and wife 

25: 35. 
on second vo3age of Columbus 

25: 203. 
on sentiments of Antilleans 25: 32. 
on wearing of masks by Antilleans 
25: 136. 
Bernalillo, location of Tiguex at 

14: 391, 491. 
Bernard, Joe 46: 38, 167, 211. 
Bernau, J. H., cited 30: 277, 302, 

329, 343, 346, 356, 357, 358, 371. 
Berra, Orozco y 

on origin of Mexican number names 

19: 875. 
See also Orozco. 
Berries 

as food among Omahas 3: 306. 
curing of, for food 45: 342. 
eaten by the Eskimo 18: 268. 
frame for drying 35: 167. 
Indian names of 45: 238 sq. 
in Sikyatki graves 17: 733. 
lists of, used for food 45: 89 sq., 

238 sq., 343, 485. 
magic appearance of 32: 192. 
mention of 46: 116. 
preservation of 45: 93, 237, 240. 
use of, by the Chippewa 44: 321. 
use of, by the Menomini 14: 291. 
Berry Baskets, set of 35: 211, 216. 
Berry Cakes 

as tribute to chief 35:1.337. 
bundles of 35: 263, 268, 281. 
making of 35: 271-274, 279. 
storing of 35: 274, 275. 
Berry Dance of Northwestern Indians 

14: 728. 
Berry Pickers 

hiring of 35: 211, 220. 
payment of 35: 220. 
Berryhill, William 

dance description by 42: 527. 
informant 42: 534. 



118 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Berryman, Thomas 46: 31, 98, 99, 

167. 
Berryville, Va., archeological material 

from 42: 18. 
Berthond, Capt. E. L., on pictographs 

4: 27. 
Beshiltcha, a Kiowa synonym 17: 

US. 
Be'shiltcha, a Kiowa synonym 14: 

1078. 
Bess, Peter 

discovers stone coffins 12: 171. 
mounds on land of, in Missouri 12: 
170. 
Bessels, Dr. Emil 

acknowledgments to 7: 73; 9: 20. 
cited 6: 412, 460, 486. 
cited on Esl^imo abduction 9: 411. 
cited on Eskimo bows 9: 199. 
cited on Eskimo children 9: 419. 
cited on Eskimo dog sledges 9 : 360. 
cited on Eskimo mourning 9: 425. 
cited on infanticide among tlie Es- 
kimo 9: 417. 
cited on fire-making by the Eskimo 

9: 290. 
description of Eskimo lamp by 9: 

108. 
mention of 46: 367. 
on affinity of cliflF-dwellers and Pueb- 
los 17: 532. 
on Eskimo superstitions 1: 198. 
Bessey, Dr. Charles 

on wild rice in Nebraska 19: 1031. 
suggestions and encouragement given 
by 33: 46. 
Bessey and Weber, on wild rice in 

Nebraska 19: 1022. 
Bete-rouge, Ijndy vermin 38: §512. 
Bethel 46: 192. 
Betidee, Kinwa Apache name of the 

Arai.ahd 14: 953. 
Betoya, number names of 19: 877. 
Betoye Indians 

liclief.s as to god 30: 117, 118. 
beliefs as to spirits 30: 181. 
Betrothals 

among the Eskimo 18: 291, 292. 
among the Guiana Indians 38: 

§868. 
See also Marriage. 
Betsch, C. 46: 31, 70 sqq., 170. 



Betting 

on races 46: 566; 47: 326. 

on results of ball play 38: § 603. 
Betula, used medicinally 42: 659. 
Betula Nigra, use of 44: 287, 342. 
Betula Papyrifera 

mention of 33: 75. 

use of 44: 2S8, 364, 369, 377. 
Betulaceae 33: 74. 
Bevan, Joseph Vallence, brief com- 
piled by 42: 309. 
Beveled Flints, notes on 13: 177. 
Beverages, used by the Chippewa 

44: 317. 
Beverley, B., on Virginia Indian land 

clearing 13: 72. 
Beverley, Roger, on stick games, 

Powhatan 24: 232. 
Beverly, Robert 

cited 12: 668, 685, 686; 30: 47. 

describes shell beads 2: 229. 

describes shell money 2: 237. 

describes shell pendants 2: 256. 

describes shell spoon 2: 201. 

mentions shell knives 2: 202. 

mentions shell tweezers 2: 212. 

on Indian agriculture 12: 617. 

on shell ornaments 5: 92. 

on Virginia mummies 1: 131. 
Bevill, Doctor — , excavations made by 

44: 465. 
Beyer, George E., on wild rice in 

Louisiana 19: 1030. 
Biako, shooting of 17: 335. 
Bianki 

account of 14: 909 sq. 

compared with other prophets 14: 
930. 

influence of, in Ghost-dance 14: 914. 
Bible 

on war symbols 4: 88. 

Shaker regard for the 14: 750, 755. 

story among the Cherokee 19: 235 
sq. 

translation of, into Cherokee 19: 
108, 110 sq., 163. 

use of, in Peyote religion 37: 394. 
Bibliography 

linguistic, work on 13: XLi. 

of Coronado Expedition 14: 599. 

of North American languages 3: 

XXVI. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



119 



Bibliography — Continued 

of North American philology 1 : 

XV ; 2: XXI. 
of the Bureau of American Ethnology 

16: ci-cxix. 
of the languages of North American 

Indians 6: xxiv sqq. 
of the Snake dance 16:312. 
select Fox 40: 30-36. 
summary of work in 15: lxxxvii. 
work in 14: xliii; 15: xxiii, 

XXVI, XXXI, XXXV, XL, XLIX, 
LIV, LXI, LXV, LXVIII; 16: XXI, 
XXV, XXVIII, XXXII, XXXVII, XXXIX, 

XLi, XLV, XLIX, Lxxvii; 17: 
Lv; 18: XLVi; 19: xxx; 29: 
585 sqq.; 30: 113-116; 31: 39; 
44: 368. 
Bice'waan. See Love Songs. 
Bickales, duties of 47: 52 sq., 55. 
Bickford, F. D., on cliff houses in 

Walnut Canyon 17: 532. 
Bickford, F. T. 

cliff ruin,s described by 16: 81. 
field work of 6: xxviii. 
Bickmore, Albert S., allowed use of 

masks 3: 101. 
Bidai, status of the 14: 1093. 
Biddle, Maj. J., Indian operations 

under 17: 212. 
Biddle, James W. 

on duck in Green Bay 19: 1098. 

on death of Tomau 14: 56. 

on wild rice eaten with corn and 

fish 19: 1084. 
quoted on Tomau 14: 54 sq. 
Biedma, Luis Hernandez de 
cited 12: 646, 648, 669, 685. 
on De Soto's expedition 19: 26, 
191-201. 
Bienville, — , on Natchez among Cher- 
okee 19: 386. 
Bierce, L. V., cited 12: 658. 
Bifa, a vegetable dye 25: 34. 
Big, pictographs meaning 10: 586 sq. 
Big Bear. See Yane'gwa. 
Big Blue Biver, remains of Pawnee 

villages on 20: 200. 
Big Bone Creek, trail terminated at 

42: 789. 
Big Bone Lick 

description of 42: 790 sq. 

extinct animals buried at 42: 742. 



Big Bone Lick — Continued 
importance of 42: 790. 
salt making at 42: 741 sq. 
trails to 42: 788, 789, 793. 
Big Bow. See Zepko-eette. 
Big Burro Canyon, reference to 28: 

209. 
Big-Canoe, a subchief of the Fend 

d'Oreilles 45: 377. 
Big Cook. See U'hontonga. 
Big Cove, purchase of 19: 161. 
Big Cypress Swamp, Seminole settle- 
ment 5: 477, 478, 499, 507, 529. 
Big Eagle 

a Flathead chief 45: 376. 
story of 45: 362. 
Big Elk, name of three Omaha chiefs 

27: 83 sq. 
Big Elk, Omaha Chief 

account of 27: 83 sq., 631, 632. 
keeper of pack 27: 554 sq., 558 sq. 
references to 27:205,405,518,562. 
Big Elk, John 

acknowledgments to 11: 362. 
C|Uoted on fetishes 11: 414. 
Big Face. See To'-edalte. 
Big Foot 

arrest of band of 14: 876. 
complaints by bands of 14: 836. 
excitement among band of 14: 848. 
game- wheel carried by band of 14: 

1075. 
ghost dance at camp of 14: 847, 

853. 
illness of 14: 868. 
joined by Sitting Bull's warriors 14: 

860. 
killed at Wounded Knee 14: 870. 
militarymovementagainst 14: 864. 
participation of, in Sioux outbreak 

14: 861. 
second flight of 14: 865. 
surrender of 14: 867. 
Big Fox's Village, location of 37: 51. 
Big Goat. See TUsso Tso. 
Big Grizzly Bear, cited on jugglery 

11: 417. 
Big Harpeth River, Indian settlements 

on 41: 561. 
Big Hawk, a Flathead chief 45: 376. 
Big Hawk's Village, location of 37: 

51. 
Big Head. See A'daltoii-edal. 



120 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Big Heart 

acknowledgment to 27: 58. 

on groups of Osage 27: 62. 
Big Horse Creek, rock carvings on 4: 

22. 
Big House. See Square Ground. 
Big Indian Bock, Pa. 10: 106 sq. 
Big Jack 

Jlilibi informant 42: 488. 

information from 42: 111,164,256, 
.545, 546, 624. 
Big Knife 

a Kutenai cliief 45: 378. 

name applied to the English 27: 
611 sq. 
Big Lake 

ceremonial objects from 18: 412, 
413. 

implements and utensils from 18: 
65, 70 sq., 105, 106, 107, 112 sq., 
134, 136, 147, 149, 157. 

manufactures from 18: 199 sqq. 

memorial images at 18: 318 sij. 

ornaments from 18: 54, 58. 

physical characteristics of people of 
18: 27, 29. 

toys from 18: 343, 346. 

transportation apparatus from 18: 
223, 225. 

village near, description of 18: 248. 

Yukon Delta, Eskimo 46: 227. 
Big Lick 

cession of reserve at 18: 764. 

reservation at 18: 700. 
Big-looking-glass. iS'cf Piana'- 

vonit. 
Big Man, portrait made of 34: 28. 
Big Miami River, trail up 42: 840. 
Big Mouth, reference to 40: 399. 
Big Mush. See Hard Mush. 
Big Pawnee, flutes made by 13: 282. 
Big Bibs. -See Guatoii-Bain. 
Big Bo ad 

as a peacemaker 14: 887. 

delegate to Washington 14: 891. 

emissary to Bad Land's refugees 14: 
867. 

Oglala chief 10: 420. 
Big Boad's Roster 4: 174 sqq. 
Big Bock 

cession of reserve at 18: 764. 

reservation at 18: 700. 
Big Sail, reservation for 18: 756. 



Big Sandy, trail along the 42: 765, 

766, 767, 768 sq. 
Big Sioux River 

location of village sites on 41: 64. 
references to 27: 73, 74, 80. 
works along 12: 35, 38. 
Big Spring 

cession of reserve at 18: 734. 
reservation at 18: 690. 
Big Thunder, material made by 24: 

406. 
Big Tree 

reservation at 18: 658. 
Sec A'do-eette. 
Big Turtle, myth of 11: 369. 
Big Warrior 

head chief of Upper to wms 42: 315, 

329. 
speaker for Upper Creeks 42: 328. 
Big-witch, death of 19: 179. 
Bigamy among the Eskimo 18: 292. 
Bigelovii, Pima medicinal plants 26: 

79. 
Bigelovia Douglasii, Sagebrush. 

used as thatch to Navaho sweat 

house 8: 239. 
used to produce smoke to sweat 
houses 8: 240, 244. 
Bigelow, — , cited 30: 41. 
Bigness, greatness connoted by 30: 

192 sq. 
Bignonia Chica 

a pigment 38: §28. 
for body painting 38: §512. 
for pottery 38: §94. 
hammock staining with 38: §478. 
species of, for ba.sket weaving 38: 
§100. 
Bignonia Crucigera, used medicinally 

42: 670. 
Bigotes 

captain of Cicuye Indians 14: 490. 
Scr tilso Whiskers. 
Bikude, an Omaha village 13: 270. 
Bilboquet. Sec Cup and Ball. 
BUI, Nix (W. P. Matthews), Osage 

traditiiuis dictated by 6: 377. 
Bill Williams River, references to 

28: 186, 208, 209. 
Billegas, Francisco de 

agent for De Soto in Mexico 14: 

366. 
correspondence of, with De Soto 
14: 370. 



jerjea] 



SXJBJECT INDEX 



121 



Billings, Capt. J., map of 46: 176. 
Billings, J. S., on statistics of trepana- 
tion 16: 16. 
Billing's Expedition, labrets and 
masks figured by 3: 90, 128, 1.36, 
141. 
Billy, brother of Key West Billy 5: 

492 xqq., 499, 528. 
Billy Hardjo. See Tah-Coo-San- 

Fixico. 
Billy John. See Sha'awe. 
Biloxi 

affinity with the Siouan 15: 159. 

a Siouan tribe 7: 112. 

divisions of the 15: 164. 

early habitat of the 7: 114. 

in Texas, union of, with Cherokee 

19: 143. 
language, studies of 13: xl. 
mortuary customs of the 13: 21. 
population of the 7: 118. 
present habitat of the 7: 116. 
researches among the 28: 12. 
sociology of the 15: 243. 
studies among the 13: xxxiii; 15: 

XXII, XXX. 

study of the language of the 14: 

LX. 

taboo among the 15: 177. 

tribe of Choctaw confederacy 19: 
500. 

See also BUoxi Indians. 
Bilozi Dictionary, work on 29: 14. 
Bilozi Indians 

cultural distinctions of 42: 713. 

descent among the 42: 696. 

information regarding clans of 42: 
118. 

linguistic researches among the 8: 

XX. 

responsibility of, for Gulf Coast pot- 
tery 20: 105. 
See ciho Biloxi. 
Bilqula Indians, tattooing of the 

10: 407. 
Bimiti, or humming-bird dance 38: 

§587. 
Bimiut 46: 198. 

Binary Concept among primitive peo- 
ples 19: 836 sqr/. 
Binary-Ternary System among 
primitive peoples 19: 842, 847 
sq. 



Binas 

charm 38: § 162. 

legends concerning 30: 286 sg. 

nature of 30: 281-288. 

nose string 38: §63. 

specific attractions of 30: 281 sq., 

284. 
use of 30: 282, 286 sq. 
See alsii Charms. 
Bingham Mounds. See Rufus 
Bingham Mounds; Ira Bing- 
ham Mounds. 
Bins, for storage in Tusayan rooms 

8: 109, 209, 210. 
Biographic Pictographs 4: 208- 

218. 
Biography 

classification of 10: 571. 
continuous record 10: 571-57^. 
particular events 10: 575-582. 
pictographic forms of 10: 571-582. 
Biological Survey, explorations of, in 

Alasika 46: 29. 
Biology, defined 15: xvii. 
Biotic Characters of the Seri 17: 

133*. 
Birch 

Eskimo tobacco implements made of 

18: 279. 
used in basketry 41: 145, 148. 
.See also Birch Bark; etc. 
Birch, Black, use of 44: 287, 342. 
Birch, White 

use of 44: 288, 364, 369, 377. 
used medicinally 42: 659. 
Birch Bark 

articles made of 44: 387-397. 
baskets of 45: 222. 
boxes, "mococks" used for storing 
and carrying wild rice 19: 1066, 
1072. 
canoe 46: 55. 
canoes, Nenenot 1 1 : 304. 
canoes, used in wild-rice harvest 

19: 1017, 1056-1070. 
dishes 46: 37, 83, 136, 170. 
Eskimo tobacco implements made of 

18: 274. 
fans and matting wigwam 19: 1017. 
fans, used in winnowing wild rice 

19: 1071. 
gathering of 44: 386. 
in burials 46: 63, 70. 
in houses 46: 82. 



122 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 48 



Birch Bark — Continued 

objects of 46: 142, 170, 173. 
pictographs, Abnaki 10: 201, 213 

sq., 468 sq. 
pictographs, Amalecite 10: 334 sgq. 
records and songs of the Mide'wiwin 

7: 286-289. 
songs recorded on 14: 107. 
tools used by Eskimo in working 

18: 90. 
use of, for baskets 11:301. 
use of, in aboriginal industries 23: 

XIII, XXXI. 

used for canoes 14: 293. 

used for house building 14: 2.53. 

used for utensils 14: 288. 

used in juggler's lodge 14: 146. 

used in medicine lodge 14: 72. 

winnowing tray for wild rice 19: 

1070 sq. 
See also Birch; etc. 
Birch Tree 

myth concerning 43: 189. 
regarded as sacred 44: 381. 
Bird 

as a wind symbol 16: 219. 
basketry pattern 38: § 444. 
carving of eagle's head 2: 285. 
catching of 33: 635, 663. 
catching song 33: 625. 
converted into man 32: 181. 
embodiment of the, in art 2: 280. 
engraved on bone 2: 284. 
engraved on shell gorgets 2: 284. 
engraved on stone 2: 284. 
examples of the, engraved on shell 

gorgets 2: 281. 
figures on Hopi pottery 17: 660. 
figures on Sikyatki pottery 17: 

658, 682-698," 714. 
gold ornament representing head of 

2: 285. 
idol in form of, Casa Grande 28: 

121. 
imitation of flight of, by Hopi kat- 

cinas 21: 78. 
myths of the 2: 280. 
ornaments from Awatobi 17: 628. 
personation of, in PowamO 21: 32. 
pictures of, in Hopi festivals 21: 

41, 42 
representation of, by Hopi katcinas 

21: 79. 



Bird — Continued 

representation of, in Hopi festivals 

21: 47. 
representation of sun by 21: 122. 
representation of sun god by 21: 

24. 
Serian and Yumaii names for 17: 

332* sq. 
significant character of the, in en- 
graved designs 2: 281, 284. 
species of, represented 2: 282, 284. 
superstitions in regard to the 2: 

280. 
symbols in Maya codices 16: 219, 
' 220, 225, 226^ 251. 
the Dakota's Thunder bird 2: 281. 
totemic use of the 2: 284. 
vessels from Awatobi 17: 624. 
worship of the 21: 29. 
See also Birds; etc. 
Bird-appearing. See T'ene-badax. 
Bird Arrow, Eskimo 18: 159. 
Bird Bone Artifacts 44: 133. 
Bird Calls, imitation of, in Hopi festi- 
vals 21: 43, 49, 88. 
Bird Cherry, used in basketry 

145. 
Bird-cherry Bark 35: 157. 
Bird Clans 

feast of 37: 318-321. 
native names for 42: 115. 
of the Cherokee 42: 118. 
origin of 42: 111, 113. 
story concerning 42: 108; 
201. 
Bird-claw Pendants 44: 136 sq. 
Bird Dance 

in Soy aluna festival 21: 25. 

of the Eskimo 9: 210-214. 

of the Kwakiutl Indians 35: 876, 

877. 
performance of, in Powamfl festival 
21: 25. 
Bird Designs 

mention of 41: 257, 334, 342. 
See also Bird Form; Butterfly De- 
sign. 
Bird Effigies 

appearance of, in Hopi festivals 21 : 

49, 88. 
at Mishongnovi Cakwalenya altar 

19: 992. 
at Mishongnovi Flute altar 19: 



41: 



44: 



SXIBJECT INDEX 



123 



Bird Effigies — Continued 
at Shipaulovi altar 19: 995. 
clay, from Pueblo ruins 22, i: 109. 
in Tusayan ceremony 16: 286. 

Bird Eggs, finding of, in graves in 
Puelilo ruins in Arizona 22, i: 

Bird Fetish. See Su'ti'ki. 
Bird Form (and Designs). 

.\ppalachec-Uhiu pottery 20: ISO, 

181. 
eastern United States pottery 20: 

63, 65, 67. 
eastern United States pottery, sig- 
nificance of 20: 100. 
figures showing 22, i: 67, 68. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 123, 

124, 126, 128, 129. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 106 sq. 
Iroquoian pipes 20: 174. 
Lower Mississippi Valley potterv 

20: 104. 
Middle Mississippi Valley 20: 85, 

87, 88, 92, 94, 95, 96. 
Northwestern pottery 20: 193, 194. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 

139-240. 
vases and vessels from ruined pueblos 
of Arizona, features of 22, i: 
66-69. 
See also Animal; Bird Designs; 
Life. 
Bird Gods, mention of 33: 301, 334, 

619, 623, 636, 640, 655, 661. 
Bird Lime, for stone-chip graters 

38: § 335. 
Bird-shape Stones described and 

figured 13: 135. 
Bird-snake Vase from Chevlon 22, i: 

68. 
Bird Snares and Nets, Eskimo 

18: 131. 
Bird Societies, organization of 11: 

70. 
Bird Stones 34: 221. 
Bird Tail King, Kasihta chief 

42: 322. 
Bird Town, i)urchase of 19: 161. 
Bird Tracks in Hopi katcina's pictures 

21: 87. 
Birds 

associated with powers of air 27: 
404. 



Birds — Continued 

associated with thunder 27: 415 sq. 

426, 434, 437, 441. 
beliefs concerning 30:371; 47:639. 
breastbones of 38: §669. 
carved in ivory by the Eskimo 

11: 260. 
carvings of, by the Kwakiutl 35: 

807, 810. 
destructive to wild rice 19: 1027. 
domestication of, by Indians 2: 

138; 42: 694. 
domestication, taming and in captiv- 
ity 38: § 716, 724. 
Eskimo account of creation of 18: 

455. 
Eskimo clothing made from the skins 

of 18: 30 so. 



Eski; 



iplements made 



from skins of 18: 178. 
Eskimo ideas for catching 9: 244 

sqq. 
Eskimo method of dressing skins of 

18: 118. 
Eskimo method of impounding 

18: 135. 
footprints of 38: § 696 sq. 
game 46: 91, 94, 95, 110. 
impersonation of, in dances 33: 274. 
in Sacred War Pack 27: 411, 412. 
in TUngit calendar 26: 426. 
list of, eaten by Indians 46: 583. 
Manabush and the 14: 203. 
methods of capturing 38: §176. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 241, 

243, 251, 280-294, 300, 401, 442, 

453, 454. 
myths concerning 11: 153. 
names 27: 104 sq. 
nests of 38: §667. 
of prey, tabooed as food 42: 518. 
of Pueblo region 14: 521. 
of Seriland 17: 37, 38. 
of the Point Barrow region, Alaska 

9: 56 sqq. 
of the Ungava district 11: 175. 
omens from 30: 274 sq. 
plants associated with 30: 38. 
plumage of, origin of 30: 212, 

225 sq. 
regard for, in Hako ceremonv 

22, u: 23. 
sayings about 27: 335. 
spirits incarnated in 30: 174 sq. 



124 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Birds — Continued 

stone, from Woodruff Butte 

22, i: 135. 
string figures of 38: § 669. 
stuffedjused in Ghost dance 14:910. 
supernatural 42: 498. 
traps for catching 38: § 675. 
; treatment of 23, ii: 55. 
useof.inmakingmedicines 37: 262. 
weather foretold by 30: 269. 
with burials 46: 115. 
See alxo Bird; Thunder-bird; etc. 
Birds, Cardinal. (S'eeCardinalBirds. 
Bird's Head 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 77. 
use of, in battle 14: 790. 
Bird's Nest, symboHsm of 22, ii: 170. 
Birdsall, W R.., cliff ruins described 

by 16: 81, 163. 
Birgan, meaning of the word 1 : 93. 
Birket-Smith, K., mention of 46: 

331. 
Birth 

gifts four days after 35: 841 sq. 
of a child announced to its grand- 
parents 35: 877. 
Omaha ceremony on fifth day after 

3: 245. 
premature, production of, by Zufli 

23: 296. 
See also Birth Customs; Child- 
birth. 
Birth Customs 

mention of 47: 132-135, 214, 537, 

540. 
and beliefs of the Kwakiutl In- 
dians 35: 649-655. 
of the Creek Indians 43: 389. 
ofthe Omaha cognates 27: 115,110. 
of the Winnebago 37:126. 
of the Zufli 23: 294-303. 
practices after accouchement 23: 

297. 
.SVfo/.so Birth; Childbirth. 
Birth Marks, cause of 30: 326. 
Birth Names 

Omaha 3: 227, 231, 232, 236, 237, 

239, 240, 243, 244, 245, 248. 
origin of 43: 32. 
Bis, mentioned 44: 35. 
Bishop, W. H., on wild rice in Dela- 
ware 19: 1029. 
Bishop's Rock ,46: 52. 



Bison 

absence of bones of 41 : 493, 60S sq. 
Alvarado's journey among 14: 576. 
connection of Calako horns witli 

21: 110. 
Coronado's army supplied with meat 

of 14: 577, 581. 
described by Cicuye Indians 14: 

490. 
described by Colorado River Indians 

14: 405. 
described by companion of Coronado 

14: 570." 
described by Coronado 14: 580. 
described by Jaramillo 14: 587. 
description of 14: 527, 54^, 543. 
early disappearance of 42: 693. 
first printed reference to 41: 609. 
first seen by Coronado's force 14: 

391. 
imitation of hunt of, in Hopi festivals 

21: 31. 
influence of, on modern Dakota mi- 
grations 19: 1044. 
in myth and religion of the Indians 

41: 611. 
killed by Plains Indians 14: 504. 
late arrival of, in middle Tennessee 

41: 555, 611. 
pile of bones of 14: 642. 
possible influence of, on early Siouan 

migrations 19: 1043. 
.skiii.s of, found by Coronado at Cibola 

14: 560. 
stampede of 14: 505. 
symbolic hair cut representing 43: 

94 sq. 
See also Buffalo; Muscaras. 
Bison Clan 

mentioned by Adair 42: 119. 
native names for 42: 115. 
Bison Dance 

description of 42: 527. 
mention of 42: 523, 524. 
performance of 42: 573 sq. 
Sec aha Buffalo Dance. 
Bison Disease, mention of 42: 640. 
Bison Hair, used as a charm 42: 

501. 
Bison-like Figure on food bowl from 

Chevlon 22, i: 72. 
Bison Medicine, use of 42: 658. 
Bison Skin, used for legendary record 

42: 33 sq. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



125 



Bissel, C. T., survey by 18: 833. 
Bitahi'nena, an Arapaho warrior 

order 14: 988. 
Bitaye, another name of Sitting Bull 

14: 896. 
Bitter Man, The, in Pima legend 

28: 43 sq., 60 sq. 
Bitter Root Valley 

establishment of re.sorve at 18: 810. 
removal of Flatheads from 18: 858. 
Bitter-sweet 

medicinal use of 42: 661. 
mention of 33: 102. 
use of 44: 288. 
See also Celastus Scandens. 
Bittern, a man-being in Iroquoian 

cosmology 21: 179, 285. 
Bitterroot, use of 45: 478, 479, 480, 

507. 
Bitterweed, use of 45: 534. 
Bi"'si'si 

creation of 23: 408. 
See also Mythology. 
Bitumen, used by Indians in making 

rafts 14: 407. 
Biza Orellana 

a pigment 38: § 28. 

for artificial feather coloration 38: 

§84. 
for body painting 38: § 512. 
for pottery 39: § 94. 
timber for fire-sticks 38: § 1. 
Black, William J., cited on magic 
knots and cords 9: 570, 572, 573, 
575, 576, 577, 579, 580. 
Black 

and red ware from Pueblo ruins 

22, i: XXXIV, xxxvi, xxxix, 60. 
and white ware from Pueblo ruins, 

reference to 22, i: 59 sq., 180. 
incised group of Chiriquian pottery 

6: 80. 
or brown pottery from Santa Clara 

2: 447. 
pottery, manufacture of 2: 330. 
pottery, polished, from Santa Clara 

2: 443. 
red, and white ware from Pueblo 
ruins 22, i: 60 sq., xxi-xxv, 

XXXIII-XXXVI, XXXVIII. 

Serian and Yuman words meaning 

17: 335* sq. 
ware, from Pueblo ruins, reference to 

22, i: 59, 179. 



Black Bass, a man-being in Iroquoian 

cosmology 21: 225. 
Black Bear 

alifesymbol 36: 105,108,123,130. 
as a symbol 39: 193, 214, 238, 244, 

327. 
footprints of , a war symbol 36: 76. 
sacred soil disclosed by 39: 186. 
special connection with man 27: 

512, 518. 
symbolized in Shell society 27: 559. 
Black Bear, or Mato Sapa's chart 

4: 94, 99-127. 
Black Bear Qens 

ceremonial rank of 36: lOo sqq. 
Ni'-ki wi'-gi-e of 36:219-236. 
office of 39: 346. 
personal names of 43: 133 sqq. 
songs belonging to 39: 316. 
symbolic hair-cut of 43: 92. 
wi'-gi-e of 39: 154-164. 
See also Wa-ga'-be Qens. 
Black Bear Songs 39: 1S5-192,.344- 

347; 45: 644 sqq. 
Black Bird. See Guato-kofigya. 
Black Bob's Band, land cessions and 

reservations by 18: 792, 894. 
Black Buffalo 

a Ghost dance leader 14: 902. 
See also Pa-kofikya. 
Black Chicken. See Siyo Sapa. 
Black Chief, a Seneca informant 32: 

52. 
Black Cinnamon, timber for clubs 

38: §150. 
Black Coal 

an Arapaho chief 14: 956. 
opposition of, to Ghost dance 14: 
808. 
Black Coyote 

an Arapaho Ghost dance leader 14: 

897, 898. 
acknowledgment to 14: 655. 
sacred plant obtained by 14: 1029. 
song rehearsal in tipi of 14: 819. 
visit of, to Wovoka 14: 774, 775, 
894, 900, 903. 
Black Creek, reference to 42:38. 
Black Deities of Maya codices 16: 

208. 
Black Dirt, home of, in Oklahoma 
42: 394. 



126 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Black Dog, Chief 

list of gentes given by 36: 52. 

on visions among the Osage 27: 

132 sq. 
Osage legends told by 27: 62. 
Black Dog's Band of the Osage 1 5 : 

193. 
Black Drink 

ceremonial and medicinal properties 

of 42: 666. 
ceremony of 44: 262. 
ceremonial drinking of 42: 537, 

538-544. 
ceremony connected with 42: 245. 
ceremony of serving of 42: 537, 

538, 544. 
customs connected with 42: 182, 

183. 
effect of 42: 538, 541, 542. 
mention of 42: 485, 503, 536. 
mention of, by Adair 44: 265. 
method of brewing 42: 536, 538, 

541, 542, 543. 
method of disgorging 42: 539,541. 
not taken by women 42: 540, 543. 
precedence in serving 42: 544. 
preparation at sqviare 42: 185. 
really "the white drink" 42: 548. 
religious beliefs concerning 42: 538. 
taken daily by Tukabahchee officials 

43: 543. 
See also Asi; Cassine; Hex Vorai- 
toria. 
Black Dye, source of 30:80. 
Black Eagle. See Guato-kongya. 
Black-earth Medicine Feast, men- 
tion of 37: 31S. 
Black Eye and White Eye, dice game 

of the Cherokee 24: 105. 
Black-eyed Susan in Cherokee lore 

19: 420. 
Black Eyes, Isletan moiety 47: 261. 
Black Eyes Ceremony, date of 47: 

290. 
Black Falls, reference to ruins near 

42: 4. 
Black Falls of Little Colorado Biver. 

See Little Colorado River. 
Black Falls Buin, reference to 28: 

157. 
Black Fish, a Shawnee chief 42: 788. 
Black Fish 

a life symbol 36: 99. 



Black Fish — Continued 

Eskimo implements for catching 
18: 181, 184 sg. 
Black Fox 

a Cherokee chief 42: 839. 
annuity for 19: 85. 
enactment signed by 19: 86 sq. 
firing at Wounded Knee begun by 
14: 869. 
Black Fox Spring, naming of 42: 

839. 
Black Fox Trail 42: 837 sq. 
Black Hawk 

characterization of 37: 441. 
grave of 5: 33,34; 12: 110, 111. 
mention of 33: 115. 
offering to 37: 429, 463. 
scenes of battle by 12: 46. 
Black Hawk's Camp, location of 37: 

99. 
Black Hawk's Island, camp site 37: 

99. 
Black Hide. Set' Giaka-ite. 
Black Hills (South Dakota) 

Cheyenne posses.sion of 17: 166. 
Dakota discovery and possession of 

17: 155, 157. 
discovery of 4: 130. 
former Indian occupancy of 15: 

190. 
formerly occupied by the Kiowa 

14: 1079. 
inhabited by the Cheyenne 14: 

1024. 
Kiowa expulsion from 17: 157. 
Kiowa possession of 17: 155, 156. 
mythic origin of 17: 160. 
reference to 27: 102. 
result of a settlement of 14: 825, 
826, 1059. 
Black Horse 

death of 17: 297. 
shooting of 17: 213. 
Black Kettle 

a Cheyenne chief 17: 324. 
surprise of 17: 187. 
Black Lake Valley, pictograplis at 

4: 31. 
Black-leg People, a Kiowa warri(jr 

order 14: 989. 
Black Legs, a Kiowa military order 
17: 230. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



127 



Black Mountain 

in Pima mytliology 26: 213. 
in Pima song 26: 298. 
myths c-oncerning 19: 432, 450. 
Black People, of Zimi tradition 13: 

343, 424. 
Black Pigments 38: § 30. 
Black River, salt stream entering 

20: 31. 
Black Biver Chippewa 

confederation of Munsee witti 18: 

821. 
land cessions and reservations by 
18: 758, 812, 820, 834. 
Black Bock Springs (near Milford, 
Utah). • 

petroglyphs at 10: 117. 
pietographs at 4: 27. 
Black-root, medicinal use of 46: 425 

Black Short Nose 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
an Arapaho chief 14: 956. 
Wovoka's message delivered 14: 
780. 
Black Shoulder Gens 
birth names of 3: 231. 
myth of creation of 3: 229. 
mythical origin of 3 : 229. 
names of 3: 231. 
of the Omahas 3: 228-233. 
style of wearing the hair 3 : 230. 
subgentes of 3 : 230. 
taboo of 3: 230. 
Black Skin, a Tlingit mythological 

being 26: 434. 
Black Snake 

a life symbol 36: 103. 
myths concerning 19: 288 sg., 296, 
431. 
Black Tiger 

legends connected with 30: 213 sq., 

215 sq., 217 sq. 
thunder due to roar of 30: 270. 
Black Tripe. See Koiiabinate. 
"Black Vomit," Pima attacked by 

26: 43. 
Black Walnut 30: 74. 
Black-warbonnet-top. See Ta'n- 

kofikya. 
Black Water-spirit, cured of con- 
sumption 37: 392. 
Black Weed, medicinal use of 42: 
658. 



Black Wolf. See Gui-koiigya. 
Black Wolf's Village, location 

37: 51. 
Blackberry 

belief concerning 45: 508. 
medicinal use of 43: 265; 45: 
mvth concerning 19: 259. 
use of 44: 292, 307, 340, 358. 
use of, for food 45: 487, 488. 
Blackbird 

a prominent Osage 45: 534. 
an Omaha chief 15: 192. 
Indian chief, account of 27: 8; 
Blackbird, A. J. 

on Menomini totems 14: 44. 
on signification of Manabush 

162. 
on use and meaning of "inin" 
1024. 
Blackbird, customs concerning 

410. 
Blackbird Clan, native name for 

117. 
Blackbird Creeks, references to 



Blackbird Dance 

mention of 42: 524. 

reason for not dancing 42: 529. 
Blackbird HiUs, reference to 27: 83. 
Blackbird's Burial 1: 139. 
Blackbird's Town 

ce-ssion of reserve at 18: 764. 

reservation at 18: 700. 
Blackburn, Rev. Gideon, establish- 
ment of school among Cherokee 
by 19: 84. 
Blackburn, J. C. S., vase from mound 

presented by 3: 507. 
Blackens Himself. See Koiipa'te. 
Blacket, W. S., cited 4: 251. 
Blackfeet 

a Teton division 14: 1059. 

absence of Ghost dance among 14: 
816, 817. 

account of the 15: 219. 

baskets bought by 41:135. 

burial lodges of the 1: 154. 

cairn burial of the 1: 161. 

definition of 4: 97. 

dog soldiers of the 14: 986. 

eagle trapping by the 14: 993. 

former union of, with the Cheyenne 
14: 1025. 



128 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Blackfeet — Continued 
games of the 24: 

dice games 56 sqq. 

hand game 269, 276, 305, 317. 

hoop and pole 443 sq., 502. 

tops 734. 
habitat of the 15: 160. 
Kiowa hostihty to 17:241. 
Kiowa name of the 17: 160. 
mention of the 4: 102, 104, 106, 

114, 121, 122, 227. 
method of catching eagle.s practiced 

by the 19: 453. 
migration of the 46: 405 sq. 
myths of the 19: 432, 447, 451. 
native name of the 14: 957. 
name of the Gros Ventres by 14: 

955. 
Omaha name for the 27: 102. 
poisoned arrows used by the 14: 

285. 
rock carvings of the 4: 24. 
smallpox among the 17: 275. 
Tenskwatawa religion among the 

14: 680. 
tree burial of the 1: 161. 
tribal signs for 1: 412. 
war customs of the 17: 259. 
White Buffalo Hide among 27: 284. 
See also Blackfoot; etc. 
Blackfeet Indians, figures sketched by 

10: 130. 
Blackfoot 

crania, work done on, by Michelson 

44: 5. 
data on scalp and war dances of 40: 

548. 
divisions of the 45: 304. 
Flathead name for 45: 302. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

812 sqq., 864, 874, 876, 880, 902, 

924 sqq. 
name of, in sign language 45: 148. 
original territory of 45: 321. 
southern movement of 45: 316- 

319. 
story of battle of, with Salish 45: 

125-128. 
wars of, with Coeur d'Alene 45: 

125-128. 
warsof, with Flathead 45: 361-365. 
See also Blackfeet; etc. 
Blackfoot Language 
cluster St in 28: 234. 
reference to 28: 186, 225. 



Blackfoot Language — Continued 
relationship of 28: 22, 229-232, 
235, 237, 289. 
Blackmore, — , on arrow chipping 

13: 142. 
Black's Canyon, cliff-house at mouth 

of 28: 197 sq. 
Black's Ranch, reference to 28: 195, 

196, 197. 
Black's Station, encounter at 19: 

48. 
Black Warrior River, reference to 

42: 3S. 
Blackwater, William, information fur- 
nished by 26: 18. 
Blackwater, Ariz. 

pictographs near 28: 148. 
Pima day schools 26: 34. 
Pima dweUings 26: 153. 
Pima sacred places 26: 255. 
Pima village 26: 23. 
references to 28: 37, 62, 115. 
Blackwell, Thomas 

appointment of 41: 95. 
workof 41:94,115; 42: 18; 43: 
17; 44: 17; 46: 15; 47: 12; 
48: 19. 
Bladder, the liero, offerings to 37: 

441. 
Bladder Feasts, of the Eskimo 18: 

379-393. 
Bladder Trouble, treatment of 42: 

655 sq., 658, 659. 
Bladders 

enema made of animals' 38: §921. 
Eskimo floats made of 18: 141, 188. 
Eskimo musical instruments made of 

18: 350. 
used as receptacles 13: 280. 
Blade 

and celt making compared 15: 102. 
experiments in, and celt making 1 5 : 
151. 
Blade-grass Basketry patterns 38: 

§444. 
Blades 

destiny of, from quarry shops 16: 

148." 
iron, recovered from mound 44: 

166. 
.See also Leaf-shape Blades. 
Blaeu, Jean 

on Pecos 29: 476. 

on Santa Ana 29: 521. 

on Taos 29: 182. 



SXJBJECT INDEX 



129 



Blagden, Thomas, on Piny Branch 

quarries 15: 35. 
Blair, Miss Emma Helen, authority 
on writings of the Jesuits 19: 
1113. 
Blair, James, Georgia commissioner in 
treating with the Cheroltee 5: 
236. 
Blake, Lady Edith 

cited on Jamaican skull heaps 25: 

87. 
material collected by 24: 97. 
petroglyphs described and sketched 
by 10: 137 sqg. 
Blake, P., on Caliche 26: 87. 
Blanchard's Fork Ottawa, land ces- 
sions and reservations by 18: 
686, 734, 826, 842, 858. 
Blanchard's Fork Wyandot, land 
cessions and reservations by 18: 
690, 734. 
Blanchets, two, first priests among the 

Flathead 45: 385. 
Blanching Silver, Navaho method of 

2: 175. 
Blanco, Buiz, cited 30: 139. 
Bland, Edward, travels of 42: 779. 
Bland, Dr. T. A., Red Cloud census 

loaned by 4: 176, 177. 
Blandina Biver. See Boanoke 

Eiver. 
Blankets 

appearance of, in Hopi katcina repre- 
sentations 21: 60. 
blessed, used at Zuni feasts 9: 526. 
counting of 35:1055,1067 5?. 
designs on 41: 360. 
formerly used to cover doorways 8: 

182, 188, 189, 194. 
given in feast 35: 1062. 
materials used for 41: 355. 
Navaho 3: 380-388. 
of the native American cotton 14: 

517. 
pin for, made of yew- wood 35: 118. 
rabbit-skin 45: 226. 
use of, in Hopi festivals 21: 37, 40, 

42, 46, 47. 
weaving of 2: 434. 
worn reversed by Hopi katcinas 21 : 
84. 
Blankinship, J. W., on absence of 
wild rice in Montana 19: 1031. 



Blankinstone, Mrs. 

copper plate obtained by 12: 153. 
silver articles in Minnesota mound 
found by 12: 715. 
Blase, Father, — , Menomini grammar 

and dictionary by 14: 295. 
Blazing Star 

mention of 33: 133. 
use of 44: 290, 366. 
Bledos, meaning of the term 9: 522. 
Bledsoe, on French and Spanish en- 
couragement of Cherokee hostility 
19: 62, 67. 
Bleeding 

practice of, among the Cherokee 

7: 334 sq. 
practices of 46: 426. 
See also Blood. 
Blessings 

act of, in medicine dance 37: 365. 

evil, rejected 40: 555. 

obtained by fasting 40: 71, 73, 75, 

77, 79, 545, 547, 551, 555. 
passing of 37: 366. 
special, for warfare 37: 157, 160, 
168. 
Blind, gestures of the 1 : 278. 
Blind Man who wanted a Girl, 

legend of 30: 382. 
Blindman's Buff, played by the 

Eskimo 18: 337. 
Blind Men and the Baccoon, folk- 
tale of 14: 211. 
Blind Savanna, a wrong clan inter- 
pretation 42: 118. 
Blindness 

among Indian medicine-men 9: 

470. 
assumption of, by Sumaikoli 21: 

96. 
belief concerning 37: 263. 
caused by spirits 30: 182, 185. 
BUsh, A. H., vessel coUected by 20: 

166. 
BUtum Capitatum 45: 502. 
Blizzard 

experienced by Coronado 14: 506. 
See also Snow; Storm. 
Block House 

established by Capt. John Anderson 

42: 794. 
roads from 42: 794, 800. 
Block-type Club 38: §153. 



130 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Blocks 

on Eskimo dog harness 18: 210 sq. 

on Eskimo float-lines 18: 142 sq. 

on rigging of Eskimo boats 18: 2 1 S. 

Blodgett, James H., on pictographs 

4: 33. 
Bloedite, mineral, reference to 29: 

579. 
Blood 

bleeding, etc. 38: §752, 923, 924. 

Eskimo 46: 366. 

Eskimo paint made of 18: 198. 

of seal 35: 456. 

Serian and Yuman names for 17: 

297*, 334* sq. 
spirit in 30: 290. 
talisman from 30: 290. 
use of, in Sioux arrow ceremonj' 

14: 823. 
See also Bleeding; etc. 
Blood-craze of the Seri 17: 188*. 

203* sq.. 262* sqq., 265*. 
Blood Feuds of the Coeur d'Alene 

45: 129. 
Blood Indians 

dice games of the 24: 58. 

Flathead name for 45:302. 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

864 874, 876, 880, 902, 924 sqq. 
linguistic affinities of 28: 229. 
name of, in sign language 45: 148. 
Blood-letting 

as a remedy for sickness 42: 625. 
ceremonial 40: 41. 
mention of 44: 332. 
See also Blood; Bleeding; Scratch- 
ing. 
Blood Money of the Kwakiutl 35: 

1362, 1378. 
Blood Mountain, myth concerning 

19: 330. 
Blood-of-the-bear Disease, treat- 
ment for 42: 640. 
Blood-revenge 

among the Eskimo 18: 292 sq. 
See also Retaliation. 
Blood-soup of the Kwakiutl 35: 

456 sq. 
Blood Taboo 42: 520. 
Bloodroot 

medicinal vise of 43: 264. 

mention of 33: 83. 

use of 44: 293 

See also Sanguinaria Canadensis. 



Bloody Basin, cliff houses of 17: 549. 
"Bloody Tanks," fight at 26: 50. 
"Blossom," //. M. S. 46: 231. 
Blount, — , on Cherokee and Chicka- 
saw habitat 7: 79. 
Blount, Chief, — , settlement of Tus- 

carora under 19: 498. 
Blount, Thomas, cited on symbolic 

use of meal 9: 513, 514. 
Blount, William 

endeavor uf, for peace 19: 78. 
governor of Tennessee 19: 212. 
instructed to treat with the Chero- 
kee 5: 162. 
life of 19: 212. 
on attack of Buchanon's station 

19: 73. 
on Chickamauga declaration of war 

in 1792 19: 71. 
on origin of Chickamauga band 19: 

54. 
on Shaw's mission 19: 71. 
proposal of, to Cherokee in 1795 

19: 81. 
protest of, against Hopewell treaty 

5: 155. 
territorial governor 19: 68. 
treats vrith the Cherokee 5: 15S. 
treaty and cession arranged by, in 
1791 19: 68 sq. 
Blowgun 

.\recinea reed used for 38: § 117. 
darts and dart poison for 38: 

§ 120-123. 
formerly used by Indians 14: 286. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: §117 

sqq. 
quivers for, darts 38: § 124. 
use of 42: 693. 
use of, as toys 38: § 616. 
Blowing 

in Shaker ceremonial 14: 761. 
with the mouth, objects of 30: 164. 
Blowpipe of the Navaho silversmiths 

2: 175. 
Blowsnake, Jasper 

acknowledgment to 37: 48. 
remarks by 37: 447. 
Blow-tube Qrass, spirits associated 

with 30: 228, 232. 
Blubber 

Eskimo manner of eating 18: 268. 
of seal 35: 456, 458, 463. . 



BONNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



131 



Blubber-holder, for Eskimo lamp 

9: lOS sq. 
Blubber Hooks, of the Eskimo 9: 

310 sq.; 18: 73. 
Blubber Booms of Point Barrow- 
Eskimo 9: 76. 
Blue 

Serlan and Yuman words meaning 

17: 335* sq. 
symbolism of, in Hako ceremony 
22, ii: 20 sqq., 38, 44. 
Blue Cohosh 

mention of 33: S3. 
See also Caolophyllum Thalic- 
trides. 
Blue Cloud, a name for Arapaho 4: 

Blue Cloud People, an Arapaho syno- 
nym 14: 789. 
Blue Earth River 

references to 27: 73, 80. 
reservation on 18: 804. 
Blue Flag 

use of 33: 72; 44: 290. 
See also Iris Versicolor. 
Blue Flute (Cakwalenya) Altar, at 

Mishongnuvi 19: 989. 
Blue Grama, brooms and brushes 

made from 30: 83. 
Blue Grouse, as giver of supernatural 

power 35: 1093. 
Blue Hill Island, work in 48: 3 sq. 
Blue Jay People, settlement in Tusa- 

yan of the 8: 2G, 27. 
Blue Leaf, fruit of, used as condiment 

30: 71. 
Blue Lick Springs, Ky. 
trail to 42: 789. 
upper and lower 42: 787. 
Blue Licks, bufifalo roads to 42: 742. 
Blue People, a Cherokee clan 42 : 118. 
Blue River, aboriginal remains on 

44: 527. 
Blue Spot, on dead, signification of 

30: 356, .361. 
Blue Thunder, Assiniboin warrior 

46: 402. 
Blue Weed, medicinal use of 43: 266. 
Blue Whirlwind 

portrait of 14: 877. 

wounding of, at Wounded Knee 1 4 : 

Bluebell 

Scotch, use of 44: 288. 
used in medicine 30: 44. 



Blueberry 

mention of 35: 300. 
use of 44: 294; 45: 487. 
used medicinally 42: 664. 
Sir ri/.soVaccinium Angustif olium. 
Blueberry Elder, use of 45: 490. 
Bluebird 

among the Pima, in mythology 26: 

345, 367. 
among the Pima, in song 26: 284, 

303, 334. 
among the Pima, in tales 26: 245 

sq., 250. 
in Iroquoian cosmology 21: 311. 
Bluefield, W. Va., trail in vicinity of 

42: 769, 770. 
Bluejay 

carries back men from spirit coun- 
try 35: 1020 sq. 
in Menomini myth 14: 229. 
myth concerning 19: 284. 
name of Tlingit gaming stick 26: 

444. 
story about 43: 377-381. 
Tlingit town name 26: 397. 
Bluejay Songs 39: 220. 
Bluestem, use of 44: 286, 342, 348. 
Bluestone, trails from 42: 770. 
Bluestone River, trails to head of 

42: 765 sq. 
BluflE 46: 196. 

See also Dohasan. 
Bluff, The. See Nashville. 
Bluhm, — , on statistics of trephining 

16: 16. 
Blumenbach, — , preserved skulls in 

Brazil reported by 3: 95. 
Blumenbach, J. F. 46: 330, 333, 

334, 367. 
Blunt, — , reservation for 18: 706. 
Blythe, David 

Cherokee story teller 19: 237. 
myths told by 19: 449, 483. 
Blythe, James 

acknowledgments to 19: 13. 
agent for East Cherokee 19: 180. 
Cherokee story teller 19: 237. 
myths told by 19. 436, 462, 463. 
Bmule 

myth concerning 43: 193 sq. 
various conceptions of 43: 193. 
Boa Constrictor 

beliefs concerning 30: 370. 
See also Camudi. 



132 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Board Oatues. See European 

Oames. 
Boardman, E., land-treaty witness 

14: 28. 
Boards 

making of 35: 61, 82 sq. 
sewing of 35: 77, 93, 98. 
Boas, Prof. Franz 

acknowledgments to 9: 20; 14: 

XLiii; 29: 12; 37: 48. 
archeological work of 34: 170. 
at International Congress of Ameri- 
canists 26: XI. 
bulletin by 39: 24. 
bulletin by, on Chinook texts 15: 

XLVI, L, LIV, LXII, LXV, LXVIII. 

buzzes figured by. Central Eskimo 

24: 751, 752. 
cited on Chimakum habitat 7: 62. 
cited on customs concerning child- 
birth 9: 415. 
cited on Eskimo harpoons 9: 221. 
cited on Eskimo kaiaks 9: 334. 
cited on Eskimo jackstones 9: 365. 
cited on Eskimo umiaks 9: 338. 
collection of Indian myths by 19: 

428. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
dice figured by. Central Eskimo 24: 

102. 
editorial work of 33: 33; 34: 20, 

21. 
excavations under supervison of 34: 

51. 
Haida researches of 7: 120. 
honorary philologist 31: 8. 
Kathlamet texts of 23: xxxvi. 
linguistic research by 33: 29. 
material collected by 24: 240, 249, 

489, 717, 719. 
mention of 46: 150, 227, 228, 229, 

231, 235,237,256,258, 331, 333, 

346, 347, 357, .367. 
memoir by 36: 30. 
new Chinook texts of 21: xxvii. 
office work by 20: xxi; 22, i: 

XXXII. 

on archery, Shuswap 24: 390. 

on ball juggling. Central Eskimo 

24: 712. 
on cat's cradle, Central Eskimo 24: 

768, 769. 
on cat's cradle, Shuswap 24: 773. 
on cat's cradle, Songish 24: 773. 



Boas, Prof. Franz— Continued 

on cat's cradle, Tsetsaut 24: 767. 
on dice games, Eskimo 24: 102,103. 
on dice games, Kwakiutl 24: 196. 
on dice games, Shuswap 24: 156. 
on dice games, Songish 24: 157. 
on dice games, Tlingit 24: 131. 
on dissemination of Indian myths 

19: 234. 
on football game. Central Eskimo 

24: 701. 
on hand game, Kwakiutl 24: 320. 
on hand game, Niska 24: 281. 
on hand game, Nootka 24: 322. 
on hand game, Shuswap 24: 302. 
on hidden ball, Shuswap 24: 370. 
on hoop and pole, Eskimo 24: 472 

sqq. 
on hoop and pole, Kwakiutl 24: 

521. 
on hoop and pole, Niska 24: 471. 
on hoop and pole, Nootka 24: 523. 
on hoop and pole, Shuswap 24:491. 
on hoop and pole, Songish 24: 491. 
on population of Baffin Land Eskimo 

7: 75. 
on population of the Chimmesyan 

tribes 7: 64. 
on relationship between Tlingit and 

Haida languages 26: 472. 
on ring and pin, Central Eskimo 

24: 544 sq., 547. 
on sliinny, Niska 24: 628. 
on .shinny, Shuswap 24: 632. 
on shinny, Tsetsaut 24: 624. 
on stick games, Niska 24: 240. 
on stick games, Shuswap 24:252 s?. 
on stick games, Songish 24: 254. 
on the habitat of the Haeltzuk 7: 

130. 
on the middle group of Eskimo 7: 

73. 
on Tillamook myths 19: 440. 
on TUngit suffix -to 26: 484. 
on tops. Central Eskimo 24: 736, 

737. 
on tops, Niska 24: 736. 
on tossed ball. Central Eskimo 24: 

709. 
on tossed ball, Niska 24: 709. 
on unclassified games, Central Es- 
kimo 24: 782 sq. 
on unclassified games, Kwakiutl 

24: 786. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



133 



Boas, Pro}. Franz — Continued 

papers by 6: 399-669; 34: 26; 

37: 27,28; 39: 21; 40:17; 42: 

17; 43: 16; 44: 15. 
phonetics used by 26: 395 s?. 
position held by, abolished 41: 21 
preface by 41: 131 sq. 
publication under direction of 41: 

119. 
reference to 40: 27. 
remarks on paper respecting Central 

Eskimo by 6: lvi, lvii. 
researches by 23: xi, xiv, xxxiv, 

XXXV. 

Salishan researches by 7: 104. 
shuttlecock terms furnished by, 

Bellacoola 24: 717. 
special research work by 32: 9, 

24. 
Tsimshian mythology, memoir on 

31: 25,29-1037. 
Tsimshian texts of 23: xxxvi. 

XLIII. 

Wakashan researches of 7: 129. 
work of 10: xxm; ll:xxiv; 16: 

Lxv; 24: xxi sq.; 25: xii, xix 

sg.; 26: xviii, xxi sq.; 27: 9; 

28: 15; 29: 18; 30: 10, 21; 

31: 17; 36: 19 sq.; 37: 19 sq., 

21; 39: 21; 40: 11 59. 
work of, consulted 9: 21. 
Boas, F., and Chamberlain, A. F., 

paper by 36: 31. 
Boat Hooks of the Eskimo 18: 222 

sq. 
Boat Racing among the Eskimo 18: 

340. 
Boat-shaped Stones 

and phunmets compared 13: 113. 
described and figured 13: 124. 
Boats 

breakdown 46: 71. 

decoration of 30: 255. 

Eskimo 11: 235; 18: 216-222; 

46: 91. 
graveyard of, off Barrow 46: 108. 
Hamilton-St. Michael 46: 79 sq. 
Holy Cross-Paimute 46: 65. 
man kidnapped by 30: 222. 
Mandan 17: 159. 
need of one's own, for exploration 

46: 80,86, 181. 
Nenana-Tanana 46: 39. 
Nulato-Kaltag 46: 39. 



Boats — Continued 

of hide of the Omahas 13: 281. 

ornamented 4: 72, 78. 

river 46: 55. 

Russian Mission to St. Michael 46: 

68, 71. 
St. Michael-Nome 46: 84.85. 
superstitions concerning 30: 303. 
Tanana-Nulato 46: 45. 
timber used for 38: § 794. 
umiaks 46: 91. 
washing spoons from 30: 241, 252, 

267. 
women and building of 38: § 899. 
words taboo in 30: 2.52 sq.. 307. 
.SVe also Bull-boat; Canoes; Navi- 
gation. 
B obb y doklinny. .See Nakai- 

dokli'ni. 
Bobzien, Edwin, assistance rendered 

by 47: 10. 
Boca Dulce, a Pima chief 26: 21. 
Boca Infierno, tides and currents in 

17: 46 sq. 
Bocanegra, Hernando Perez de. .See 

Perez. 
Bock, Carl, cited on Borneo water 

vessels 9: 494. 
Bodalk'iiiago, Kiowa name of the 

Comanche 14: 1043. 
Bodham-Whetham, J. W., cited 30: 
128, 164, 236, 239, 275, 300, 381. 
Bodkins 

bone, from Awatobi 17: 627. 
Eskimo 18: 106 .sg?. 
from Pueblo ruins on Little Colorado 
River 22, i: 94. 
Body 

anointing of 38: §511. 

attitude of, as a sign of anger 20: 

c.XLii sq. 
decoration and ornaments of 38: 

pp. 412-448. 
feathering of 38: §514. 
feelings of, as signs 35: 603 sqq. 
immortality of 30: 149 sq., 151 sq. 
life restored to 30: 170, 177 sg. 
painting of 38: §512, 513. 
petrification of 30: 152. 
rejuvenation of 30: 149 .s?., 151. 
responsivity of 17: 268* sq. 
spirits associated with 30: 149, 
152-164. 



134 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Body — Continued 

spirits associated with, transfer of 

30: 158. 
stroking of, in greeting 32: 631. 
tattooing of 38: §510. 
transformation of 30: 149, 150 sq., 

182, 184 sq., 199, 229. 
.See also Forms; Spirits. 
Body of Zephyrs in Iroquoian cos- 
mology 21: 295. 
Body Painting 

a daily custom 45: 418. 
associated with Ghost dance 45: 

427. 
ceremonial 40: 225. 
colors used in 45: 418. 
for the dance 45: 391, 392, 428; 

46: 559, 562. 
mention of 47: 860 sqq., 868. 
of the Coeur d'Alene 45:86 s?. 
symbolic 45: 340 sq. 
universal among the Flathead 45: 

340. 
See also Facial Painting. 
Body Proportions 

of the Eskimo 46: 358, 364. 

of the Western Eskimo 46: 213- 

228, 240. 
of the Yukon Indians 46: 151. 
Boebera Papposa 33: 132. 
Boerhavia Hirsuta 38: §920. 
Bogies 

Indian 11: 473. 

occasional visits of, in Walpi Pow- 
amft festival 21: 71. 
Bogoras, Prof. Waldemar 

author of Chukchee Grammar 33: 

29; 34: 20; 37: 20. 
manuscript intrusted to 36: 20. 
mention of 46: 254, 259, 330, 333, 

367. 
paper by 36: 30. 
work in northeastern Asia 46: 30. 
Bogs, myths concerning 11: 481. 
Bohemy Family, mention of 43: 

224. 
Bohonkoiikya, treaty signed by, in 

1837 17: 269. 
Bo-i-de or The Flame, time chart of 

4: 93. 
Boil 

derivation of name 25: 130. 
See also Priesthood, Antillean. 



Boiling 

by means of heated stones 41: 586. 

method of, used by American aborig- 
ines 20: 26 sq. 

with red-hot stones by tne Kwakiutl 
35: 545, .546. 

See also Domestic Pottery. 
Boiling Baskets 

mention of 4: 485. 

terms for 41: 396. 
Boiling Spring Academy 

Indian remains at 41: 559. 

naming of 41: 603. 
Boils 

mention of 11: 496. 

treatment of 42: 667. 
Boiii-edal 

adopted father of 17: 280. 

Kiowa capture of 17:270. 

scalping witnessed by 17: 273. 
Bois d'Arc 

mention of 33: 76. 

origin of the name 42: 692. 
Bois Fort Chippewa land cessions 
and reservations 18: 796, 840, 
904, 912, 938. 
Bolas 

of the Eskimo 9: 244 sqq. 

use of round stones as 13: 95. 
Bolingbroke, H., on origin of man 

30: 141, 2.33. 
Bolivar, Tenn., trail to 42: 692. 
Bolivar and Memphis Trail followed 

by the Cherokee trace 42: 822. 
Bolivia 

character of pottery from 20: 20. 

collections from 30: 22. 

researches in 30: 11-15. 
BoUaert, William 

cited 6: 41, 45. 

cited on emeralds of Peruvians 
9: 590. 
Boiler, Henry A. 

on hand game, Hidat.sa 24: 318. 

on hoop and pole, Hidatsa 24: 511. 

on shinny, Hidatsa 24: 641. 

on shuffleboard, Hidat,sa 24: 729. 
Bologna Codex 3: 28. 
Bolsover, William, account of plates 

by 42: 504. 
Bolton, Dr. Herbert E. 

acknowledgment to 29: 12. 

assistance rendered by 45: 4. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



135 



Bolton, Dt. Herbert E. — Continued 
work of 28: 16 s(?.,- 29: 10; 30: 10, 

16. 
Bombas, negro dances 25: 69, 210. 
Bombax sp., silk-cotton tree, cotton 

for darts 38: § 124. 
Bonael, an idol in the Cave of the Sun 

34: 264. 
Bonaks, cremation 1: 144. 
Bonasila 

mention of 46: 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 

81, 82, 83, 134, 135, 142, 144, 153, 

1.54. 
skeletal remains of 46: 156-160. 
Bond Stones, used in Pueblo walls 

8: 144, 198. 
Bone, Albert S., killed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
Bone 

arrowheads of, in Sioux ceremony 

14: 823. 
articles of, from Pojuaque 2: 440. 
articles of, from Walpi 2: 396. 
articles of, from Zuni 2: 373. 
artifacts of, from mounds 37: 102. 
beads of 44: 137 sq. 
chest ornament 38: § 537. 
circular 38: § 540. 
Eskimo houses built of 18: 257 sqq. 
Eskimo implements made of 18: 

75, 77-80, 82, 85, 88, 93, 100-109, 

115, 123, 124, 127, 128, 130, 131, 

133, 138 sg?. 146-152, 155, 157 sqq. 

161, 164, 165, 177, 180 sqq., 189, 

195. 
Eskimo ornaments made of 18: 58, 

59. 
Eskimo tobacco implements made of 

18: 273, 278, 280. 
Eskimo toys made of 18: 341-345. 
Eskimo transportation apparatus 

made of 18: 207, 210, 214, 217, 

219, 222, 226. 
figures showing 22, i: 94, 95, 166. 
flageolet 38: § 564. 
hoes of the Omaha 13:278. 
Indian manufacture of pipes of 

20: 172. 
needle 38: § 70. 
objects of 34: 75, 234, 235; 44: 

106-138. 
occurrence of symbolic designs en- 
graved on 20: 101. 
pictograph.s on 4: 59; 10: 206. 



Bone — Continued 

Serian and Yuman names for 

333* sq. 
solid, forming ribs 32: 259. 
tattooed 4: 73 sq. 

steatite working 



tools used 
111. 

use of, in 



implement making 13: 



used in stone-flaking 15: 61, 80. 

weapons of Virginia 15: 85. 

whistles 38: § 569. 

working tools, Eskimo 18: 80 jg. 

See also Bone Beads; etc.; Bones. 
Bone Beads 

from Honanki 17: 573. 

in Sikyatki graves 17: 733. 
Bone Carving 

of the Antilleans 25: 192 sq. 

of the Eskimo 18: 196 sq. 
Bone Crushers of the Eskimo 9: 

93-99. 
Bone Dance 

description of 42: 531. 

mention of 42: 524. 
Bone Implements 

from mound 12: 382. 

from Pueblo ruins, description of 
22, i: 93 sqq., 134, 164, 166 sq. 

in cavate lodges 13: 223, 224. 

paddle shaped 31: 15. 

used in quarrying 15: 23. 

See also Implements. 
Bone Needles from mound 12: 373. 
Bone Objects 

from Awatobi 17: 627, 628. 

from Honanki 17: 572. 

worn by the Pima 26: 163. 
Bone Plates from mound 12: 157. 
Bone Pickers 

references to the 42: 687, 700. 

See also Buzzard Men and Women. 
Bone Points 

fragmentary 44: 11.5-122. 

miscellaneous 44: 112-115. 
Boner, J. H., on Moravian mourning 

1: 166. 
Bones 

animal, Bonasila 46: 142. 

broken, treatment of 42: 660. 

converted into birds 32: 487. 

fossilized 46: 60, 142, 157. 

gifts of 30: 158 sq., 168. 

implements of 46:170-173. 



136 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Bones — Continued 

long 46: 15&-160, 163 sqq., 326. 
mammoth, found at Big Bone Lick 

42: 790. 
of Big Bone Liclv, disposal of 42 : 79 1 . 
of prehistoric animals 46: 411 sg. 
of the dead, burial of 42: 389. 
of the dead, cleaning of 1: 168. 
of the dead, di.sposal of 42: 700 sg. 
of the dead, reinterred 46: 574 sq. 
pathological 46: 109. 
preserved by Guiana Indians 38: 

§ 832, 838. 
reassembled and brought to life 
32: 212, 216, 217, 398, 404, 488, 
490, 586. 
removal of , in legends 30: 121,172. 
spirit in 30: 152, 153, 158 nq. 
use of, in decoration of pottery 20: 

66, 84, 193. 
used in invocation 30: 168. 
See also Bone; etc.; Burial. 
Boneset 

medicinal use of 42:658; 43:26.5, 

266. 
use of 44: 289. 
Bonesteel, A. D., on death of Oshkosh 

14: 47. 
Bonework 45: 42 xq., 217. 
"Boneyard," between Xanana and 

Ruby 46: 46, 47. 
Bonila, Antonio, on Quivira 29: 566. 
Bonilla, — , on Sandia population in 

1749 17: 584. 
Bonita Creek, Ariz., cliff hou.ses on 

22, i: 187. 
Bonnell, — , 

on Cherokee agreement with Mexico 

19: 145. 
on Cherokee expulsion from Texas 

19: 145. 
on Houston's efforts on behalf of 

Cherokee 19: 145. 
on Mexican grant to Cherokee 19: 
143. 
Bonnerjea, Dr. Biren, contributor to 

Bureau 48: 1189. 
BonnevUle, Capi., B. L. E. 

at Fort Gibson in 1837 17: 170. 
on hand game, Nez Perces 24: 304 

sq. 
treaty concluded by 18: 851. 
Bontoc Igorot, report on expedition 
among 24: xxi. 



Bony-tail Gila fish 26: 83. 
Book Cliff, pictographs of 4: 27. 
Book CliS Canyon, Wash., petro- 

glyphs in 10: 117. 
Books, myths concerning 19: 351. 
Boon, Daniel, leader of pioneer ad- 
vance 19: 45. 
Boone, Daniel 

adventures of 42: 787. 

carried over Warrior's Path 42: 

781. 
road traveled by 42: 794, 799. 
Boone, William 

acknowledgments to 25: 245. 
on paddle stones 25: 261. 
Boone County, Nebr., references to 

27: 100, 101. 
Boone's Gap, description of 42: SOI. 
Boone's Trail 42: 801 sg. 
Booneville,N. C, trail near 42: 777. 
Boonsboro, Ky. 

beseiged by the Shawnee 42: 788. 
trails to 42: 782, 801 sq. 
Booske Tah 

name for celebration of new corn 

crop 42: 568. 
See also Busk. 
Boos-ke-tau 

name for training of priest or doctor 

42: 619. 
See also Busk (2) . 
Boot Pads, Eskimo 18: 43. 
Boot-sole Creasers 18: 108. 
Booth, — , a Kiowa trader 17: 313. 
Boothia Felix and Back River, tribes 

of 6: 452-459. 
Boots 

of the Eskimo 9: 129-135; 11: 

179, 205, 217; 18: 40-43. 
See also Boot-pad; etc.; Shoes. 
Boraginaceae 33: 111. 
Borde, Fr. de la 

cited 30: 141, 1.53, 156, 160, 163, 
165, 168, 257, 259, 260, 268, 270, 
290, 296, 303, 306, 314, 320, 321, 
323, 340, 342, 351, 352, 353. 
on invocation of spirits 30: 168. 
Borden's Farm, flint on 44: 528. 
Borers of the Eskimo 9: 175-182. 
Borgian Codex 

citetl 3: 23, 24, 26, 28, 46, 54, 57, 

58, 61; 19: 861. 
discussion of symbols in 16: 212, 
213, 219, 222, 244. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



137 



Borgian Codex — Continued 
earth symbols in 16: 256. 
flint symbols in 16: 228. 
Nahuatlan numbers from 19: 944 

sg. 
sky symbol in 16: 223. 
Borinquen 

discussion of the name 25: 78. 
See also Porto Bico. 
Borinquenos 

agriculture of 25:50 s?. 

ancient inhabitants of Puerto Rico 

10: 137. 
as potters 25: 179 s?., 189. 
bone carving of 25: 192 s?. 
cannibalism of 25: 50. 
canoes of 25: 208, 217. 
cave dwellers 25: 41. 
chief authorities on 25: 19 sq. 
clans or phratries of 25: 42. 
culture of 25: 47, 89 sg., 91, 178 

sq., 214 sg., 216. 
dances of 25: 69. 
effect of Spanish conquest on 25: 

25. 
food of 25: 22, 51, 106. 
government of 25: 33 sqg. 
hieroglyphic writing of 25: 149. 
houses of 25: 41-47, 84, 217. 
human sacrifice of 25: 168. 
hunting and fishing of 25: 48 sqg. 
idols of 25: 197. 
language of 25: 77 sg. 
line of descent among 25: 47. 
marriage among 25: 48. 
medicine practices of 25: 61-64. 
mental and moral characteristics of 

25: 31 sg. 
mortuary customs of 25: 58, 80, 

82 sq.', 195, 217. 
myths of 25: 73. 
naming of children among 25: 47. 
occupations of 25: 107. 
physical characteristics of 25: 

28-31. 
population of 25: 23 sq. 
priesthood among 25: 59 sq. 
race and kinship of 25: 24, 26 sgg., 

90, 219. 
religion of 25: 42, 53 sg., 129-132. 
researches among 25: 19 sgg. 
resistance to Spaniards by 25: 31. 
rites and ceremonies, for crops 25: 



Borinqueiios — Continued 

rites and ceremonies, general account 

25: 64 sgg. 
rites and ceremonies, mortuary 25: 

69-72. 
shell carving of 25: 192 sq. 
skeletal remains of 25: 82 sq. 
slavery among 25: 23 sg. 
weapons of 25: 93, 209. 
zemisoi 25: 54-59. 
See also Antilleans; Porto Bico. 
Born, signs for 1 : 356. 
Borneo, mourning color used in 10: 

630. 
Boru-boru, for snake bite 38: § 929. 
Bosque Bedondo, reservation at 18: 

830. 
Boss or Andiron, Shumopavi 8: 176. 
Bossu, M. 

cited 12: 674, 675. 

on burial denied to suicides 1 : 180. 

on racket of the Choctaw 24: 598 

sg. 
on signs of the Atakapa 1 : 324. 
Boston Bay, Iroquoian visits to 20: 

168. 
Boston Men, application of name 

14: 721. 
Boston Natural History Museum, 
specimens of Spanish olive jars in 
20: 130. 
Boston Transcript, translation of Al- 

varado's report in 14: 594. 
Bot-edalte, death of 17: 350. 
Boteler, Dr. W. C, on Oto burial cere- 
monies 1: 96. 
Bot-k'jago, Kiowa name of the Ara- 

paho 17: 160. 
Bot-k'ifi'ago, Kiowa name of Gros 

Ventres 14: 955. 
Botokudos, use of labrets by 3: 83. 
Botrychium Virginianum, use of 

44: 288, 352. 
Bottiger, C. A. 

controversy with Abert concerning 

Dresden Codex 6: 267. 
mention of Dresden Codex by 6: 
262. 
Bottle 

of kelp 35: 540. 
.S'ee also Bottles. 
Bottle Farm, remains on 44: 525. 
Bottle-shape Basket 38: § 415. 



138 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Bottles 

Appalachee-Ohio province, absence 

of 20: 180. 
collection of Indian water 3: 533- 

538. 
Florida Peninsula, rarity of 20: 118. 
glass, Florida Peninsula 20: 130. 
glass, recovered from mound 44: 

166. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 105-112. 
Iroquoian province, absence of 20: 

162. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 102, 103 sq. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery, 

thickness of waUs of 20: 83. 
mention of 4: 283, 301, 306, 320, 

343, 345, 351, 352. 
northern United States, absence of 

20: 145. 
or jars, wide-mouthed 4: 398-411. 
South Appalachian pottery 20:138. 
.See also Forms. 
"Bottom Day," Eskimo observance of 

18: 314. 
Bottom Lands, home viOages on 

16: 94. 
Bottoms of Baskets 
coiled 41: 167-174. 
method of making 41: 174-179. 
varieties of 41: 167 sq. 
Boturini, Lorenzo Benaduci 

interpretation of Mexican calendars 

by 3: 43, 44, 47, 49, 52, 54, 55. 
on Mexican calendar system. 19: 

935. 
Botuto 

cult of 30: 137. 
See also Trumpet. 
Boucher, Pierre 

on dice game, Algonkin 24: 49. 
on stick game, Algonkin 24: 229. 
Boudinot, Cornelius 

myths told by 19: 449, 455. 
opening of grave on farm of 19: 143. 
Boudinot, Dr. Elias C. 

address on condition of Cherokee 

by 5: 285. 
Bible translation by 19: 165. 
compensation to heirs of 5: 299. 
editor of Cherokee "Phoenix" 19: 

111. 
education of 19: 108. 
kiUingof 5:293; 19: 1Z3 sqq. 
on Cherokee myths 19: 483. 



Boudinot, Dr. Elias C. — Continued 
on Cherokee treaty of April 27, 1868 

5: 344. 
signing of New Echota treaty bv 

19: 125. 
vote of, on Ridge treaty 19: 122. 
Boulware, J. N. 

mounds on farm of, in Missouri 5: 

44. 
mounds on land of, in Missouri 12: 
165. 
Boulder 

black, a hfe symbol 36: 108. 
red, a life symbol 36: 61, 108. 
white, a life symbol 36: 109. 
yellow, a life symbol 36: 109. 
Boule, Prof. Marcellin, cited 46: 

332, 333, 350. 
Boundaries 

Indian 1: 253. 

of Indian tribal lands, difficulty of 
fixing 7: 43 sq. 
Boundary Line, Hano and Sichumovi 

8: 36. 
Boundary Mark, Shumopavi and 

Oraibi 8: 28. 
Bouquet, Henri, on Indian population 

in 1764 19: 1108. 
Bourgmont, De 

nn early Comanche habitat 17: 161. 
on the habitat of the Comanche 

7: 109. 
Kansa mentioned by 15: 193. 
reference to 27: 81. 
Bourgeois, Enrique, on Quekchian 

numerals 19: 901 sqq. 
Bourke, Capt. John G. 

acknowledgments to 11:455; 14: 

655. 
cited on phaUicism 11: 457. 
cited on Sun dance 11: 450, 459. 
cited on symljolic colors 1 1 : 532. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
identifies Tally-hogan with Awatobi 

17: 602. 
material collected by 24: 747. 
medicine cords figured by, Chiri- 

cahua Apache 24: 429. 
obituary of 48: 1221. 
on Apache medicine-men 14: 360, 

704. 
on Apache use of bull-roarer 14: 975. 
on classification of arrows 14: 278. 
on creation myth 26: 239. 
on deluge myth 19: 445. 



BONNERJEAj 



SUBJECT INDEX 



139 



Bourke, Capt. John G. — Continued 
on dice game terms, White Mountain 

Apache 24: 90. 
on fight at the "Tanks," 1872 26: 

54. 
on lustration observances 26: 204. 
on Mexican ball race 24: 667 sq. 
on mixture of Sobaipuri and Apache 

26: 186 sq. 
on Mohave mortuary customs 26: 

195. 
on Mohave mythology 26: 216. 
on Moqui colors 4: 56. 
on Moqui shell vessels 2: 193. 
on necklaces of human fingers 14: 

1024. 
on quoits, Mohave 24: 726. 
on Taos iron-tooth club 13:144. 
on use of mulberry by the Apache 

26: 95. 
paper on Medicine-men of tlie 

Apache 9: 433-603. 
paper on tlie medicine-men of the 

Apache, noticed 9: xliii-xlvi. 
Pueblo vases, etc., presented by 8: 

XXV. 

quoted on Sun dance 11: 464. 
Snake dance studies by 15: 205; 

16: 273. 
Bovista PUa, use of 44: 2SS, 377. 
Bovista Plumbea 33:62. 
Bow 

a life symbol 36: 99. 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

kateinas 21: 61, 72, 76, 81, 82, 

90, 91, 98, 99, 103, 106, 108, 111, 

113. 
ceremonial painting of 36: 234. 
ceremonial use of 16: 279, 282, 

286. 
manufacture of 38: §126. 
priests of the, Zuni 24: 215. 
protectors on Eskimo boats 18: 

228. 
sacred, in Sioux ceremony 14: 823. 
sacred, in Sioux Ghost dance 14: 

788. 
Seri, decoration of 17: 175*. 
Seri, genesis of construction of 17: 

199*, 200*. 
simple in construction 31: 50. 
timber for 38: § 125. 
use of, by Hopi kateinas 21: 78,86. 
See also Arrow; etc.; Bows. 
95719°— 3.S 10 



Bow and Arrow 

distrilnition of, in Powamd festival 
21: 31. 

expert use of 42: 692. 

finding of, at Chevlon 22, i: 100. 

making of the Eskimo 9: 291-294. 

use of 46: 542, 555. 

woods used for 42: 692. 
Bow Cases 

of the Eskimo 9: 195-200; 11: 
246, 247. 

of the Nenenot 11: 312. 
Bow Creek, Nebr., reference to 27: 

85. 
Bow Drill 

of the Guiana Indians 38: § 19, 38. 

used by the Innuit 4: 48. 
Bow Gens 36: 98. 
Bow-making Songs 39: 271-274. 
Bow-Man, Tlingit spirit 26: 465, 

466. 
Bow People, wi'-gie of 43: 47 .sg. 
Bow Priests 

activities of 47: 525 sq. 

ceremony of 47: 526 sq. 

dance held by 47: 527. 

duties of 47: 478, 518. 

elder brother, preparation of images 
of gods of war by 23: 116, 117. 

offerings made by 47: 663. 

prayers of 47: 664-667, 668-673. 

present status of 47: 526. 

qualification of 47: 525 sq. 

retreat of 47: 663. 

songs of 47: 530. 

whirling of rhombi by 23: 201. 
Bow Priesthood 

dancing of 23: 468 sq. 

origin of 23: 49 sqq. 
Bow-string 

manufacture of 45: 98. 

of the Guiana Indians 38: § 127. 

of the Menomini 14: 275, 280. 

of the Omaha 13: 286. 

puzzle 38: § 713. 
Bowditch, C. P., translation of works 
on Mexican and Mayan records 
by 23: xxxviii. 
Bower-bird, legend concerning 30: 

226 sq. 
Bowers, G. M., acknowledgments to 
19: 13. 



140 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Bowers, Stephen 

archeological researches of 44: 62. 
pipe collected by 44: 88 sq. 
shell objects collected by 2: 209, 
226. 
Bowl 

capture of family of 19: 146. 
emigration of 19: 100 sg., 138, 141, 

143. 
killing of 19: 145. 
paper carried by, at death 19: 143, 

145. 
treaty with Texas signed by 19: 
144. 
Bowl and Stick Game, account of 

24: 173-177. 
Bowl Basket 38: § 440. 
Bowl Game 

description of 46: 567 sqq. 
of the Chippewa 24: 65 sq. 
of the Menomini 14: 241. 
of the Passamaquoddy 24: 82 sq. 
Bowl-shaped Baskets, coils of 41: 

164. 
Bowlder 

and steatite quarries correlated 15: 

123. 
beds in Anacostia Valley 15:70. 
deposits near Hyattsville 15: 70. 
deposits near Washington 15: 32, 

33. 
deposits on tidewater Potomac 15: 

71. 
mosaics 12: 534. 
mystic, near Keshana, Wis. 14: 38. 
sites of Pueblo Indians, uses of 22, 

i: 177. 
See also Bowlders. 
Bowlders 

adaptability of, for implements 1 5 : 

135. 
ancient Pueblo walls of 13: 206, 

217, 246, 249. 
distribution of 15: 66. 
in Piny Branch quarries 15: 42,47. 
on line of ancient irrigating ditch 

13: 244. 
quartz, method of quarrying 15: 

24. 
sharpened, distribution of 15: 142. 
sites marked by, in Verde Valley 

13: 194, 235, 261. 
use of, as implements 15: 25, 90. 



Bowlders — Continued 

used in cliff -dwelling masonry 16: 

98, 100. 
See also Bowlder. 
Bowles, — , opposition to McGillivray 

by 19: 210. 
Bowles, John, and Son, map by, 

locates Maskotin 19: 1054. 
Bowles, Jno. 

on Picuris 29: 193. 
on Puaray 29: 523. 
on San Marcos 29: 551. 
on Taos 29: 182. 
Bowling, among the Eskimo 1 1 : 257. 
Bowls 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 83. 
baskets used as 41: 201 sq. 
clay, from Canyon de Chelly 2: 

420. 
collection of 3: .546-564. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 118, 

121. 
fragments of 34: 70,71. 
from Porto Rico area 34: 237-240, 

241. 
from Trinidad 34: 69. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20:105-113. 
Iroquoian pottery, rarity of 20: 

162. 
Kokle, common design in modern 

21: 95. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 102. 
mention of 4: 283, 306, 308-314, 

316, 322-334, 376-392. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 85, 87 sqq. 
nest of, found in burial 41: 606. 
reptilian designs on, description of 

22, i: 115. 
sandstone 44: 72 sqq. 
Sikyatki, decoration on 17: 705. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 131, 

132, 133, 136, 139 sq. 
spider and sun emblem on, descrip- 
tion of 22, i: 81 sq. 
spiral design on 22, i: 151. 
steatite 44: 85 sq. 
sun emblem on 22, i: 150. 
use of 22, ii: 20, 42. 
use of, in burial 20: 133. 
wooden, symbolism of 22, ii: 44, 

289, 350. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



141 



Bowls — Continued 

.See also Forms; Pipes; Pottery; 

Prayer-bowl. 
Bowls from Pueblo Ruins, Arizona 
bear design on 22, i: 153. 
bear's paw design on 22, i: 15.5. 
bird designs, cuts showing 22, i: 74, 

76, 77, 78, 79, SO, 115, 116, 117, 

118, 132, 146, 147, 148, 154. 
bird designs on 22, i: 76 sgq., 

115-118, 146, 147, 148. 
butterfly designs on, description of 

22, i: 148. 
butterfly designs on, cuts showing 

22, i: 149. 
dragon-fly design on 22, i: 147. 
exterior decoration of 22, i: 152- 

155. 
exterior decoration of, cuts showing 

22, i: 132, 153, 154, 155. 
feather design on, cut showing 22, 

i: 151. 
features of 22, i: 61, 113, 133. 
frog or lizard design on 22, i: 132. 
gaming-cane design on, cut 22, i: 

118. 
geometrical designs on 22, i: 83 

sq., 85, 152, 155. 
human face on 22, i: 71. 
human figures on 22, i: 143, 144, 

145. 
quadruped designs on 22, i: 72, 

145, 153. 
rain-cloud designs on 22, i: 73 sq., 

156. 
Bows 

collection of 3: 589. 

description of 45: 97 sqq. 

discussion of 14: 280. 

double-curved 45: 241. 

Eskimo 18: 155 sqq. 

Eskimo tools used in making 18: 

85. 
in Ponka legend 27: 49. 
in Shell Society ceremony 27: 562, 

564. 
in Tusayan ceremony 15:281,285. 
manufacture of 27: 448-451. 
of the Menomini 14: 274. 
of the Omaha 13: 285. 
of the Sioux 15: 171. 
origin of 27: 70. 
used by Padouca 27: 79. 
See also Bow; etc. 



Bowyer, Colonel, on Sauk and Fox ex- 
pulsion 14: 19. 
Box, James, death of 17: 184. 
Box 

clay 34: 70. 

earthenware, from Sikyatki 1 7 : 655. 

for plumes 8: 210. 

mention of 38: § 385, 387. 

stone-slab, in floor of wigwam 41: 
595. 

Zuni ceremony over a 23: 464. 

See also Boxes. 
Box-burial 

Creek, Choctaw and Cherokee 1: 
155. 

Eskimo 1: 155, 156. 

Indians of Talomeco River 1: 155. 

Innuits and IngaHks 1:156,158. 

Kalosh 1: 156. 
Box Elder 33: 101. 
Box Elder, treaty of 18: 828. 
Box Handles, Eskimo 18: 100-103. 
Box-shaped Basketry 41: 165, 207 

sq. 
Boxes 

bending sides of 35: 70-76, 90. 

boiling in 35: 459, 460. 

bottom of 35: 78,91. 

burial in 46: 63. 

caulking of 35: 299. 

cutting kerfs in side of 35: 68 sqq. 

fitting bottom of 35:91. 

for arrow and spear points, Eskimo 
18: 162 sq. 

for berry cakes 35: 263, 268, 274, 
281. 

for caps, Eskimo 18: 164. 

for cured seaweed 35: 294, 296. 

for fungus ashes, Eskimo 18: 275- 
278. 

for harpoon heads, Eskimo 9: 247, 
251. 

for herring spawn 35: 254 8?. 

for mixing salal berries 35: 265. 

for paints, Eskimo 18: 199 sqq. 

for picking salmon-berries 35: 140, 
211. 

for preserved salmon 35: 239. 

for quids, Eskimo 18: 278 sqq. 

for snuff, Eskimo 18: 273 sqq. 

for soaking dried fish 35: 315, 318, 
319, 324. 

for tools, Eskimo 9: 185 sqq. 

for trinkets, Eskimo 9: 323-326. 



142 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Boxes — Continued 

made water-tight 35: 92. 
making of 35: 60-92. 
making side of 35: 62. 
measures of side of 35: 65. 
painted, Bonasila, Ghost Creek 46: 

63. 
painting side of 35: 88. 
pegging side of 35: 76 sg., 79 sqq., 

90 sqq. 
sewing side of 35: 77, 88. 
southeastern Alaska 46: 33, 64. 
squaring of 35: 70. 
squaring side of 35: 63 sqq., 84 sq. 
steaming side of 35: 71-74, 88 sqq. 
tools used by Eskimo in making 18: 

85, 89. 
tops of 35: 81. 
Unalaklik 46: 64. 
Yukon 46: 138. 
See also Box. 
Boxing 33: 620, 621, 636, 641, 647. 
Boy 

adopted by bear 32: 367. 
becomes fastened to back of monster 

32: 481. 
rescued from bear 32: 369. 
See also Boys. 
Boy and his Grandmother, Iroquoi.s 

tale 2: 86. 
Boy and the Corn, Iroquois tale 2: 

96. 
Boy rescued by a Bear, Iroquois tale 

2: 83. 
Boyd, D. T., suit of United States 

again.st 19: 227. 
Boyd, George, on trading posts in the 

wild-rice fields 19: 1104. 
Boye. S(( Magicians. 
Boyle, David 

collection of Iroquoian pottery b>- 

20: 170. 
exploration of Iroquoian provinces b.\' 

20: 159. 
illustrations from work of, on Iro- 
quoian pottery 20: 170. 
material furnished by 24: 84. 
on dice games, Seneca 24: 116 sg. 
on hidden ball, Seneca 24: 350 sq. 
on ring and pin, Chippewa 24: 534 



opened by 12: 545. 
papers by, on Canadian pottery 20: 
171. 



Boynton, Paul 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
experience of, while in trance 14: 

923. 
Ghost song composed by 14: 971. 
Boyomo, river and settlement of 14: 

515. 
Boys 

Assiniboin, characteristics of 46: 

444. 
birth names of Omaha 3: 227, 231, 
236, 237, 239, 240, 243, 245, 248. 
hair dressing of 43: 94. 
in Snake dance 16: 288. 
initiation of 47: 975-980. 
puberty customs for 45: 168 sq., 

283-287, 382. 
puberty rites for, practically aban- 
doned 40: 340. 
See also Boy. 
Boys and Girls, amusements of, Zufli 

23: 293, 294. 
Boy's Bed, one of four beds 42: 191. 
Boys' Fast of the Busk 42: 563,575. 
Bozeman, J. L. 

cited on Susquehannock's land claims 

18: 572. 
quoted on Indian right to soil 18: 

536. 
quoted on Maryland's Indian pohcy 
18: 570 sq. 
Braam, S. A., van 1: 229. 
Braba 

description of, by Alvarado 14: 

595. 
pueblo of 14: 525. 
village of, visited by Spaniards 14: 
511. 
Bracelets 

copper 35: 937. 
Eskimo 9: 148 sq.; 18: 58. 
from Awatobi 17: 628. 
materials used for 45: 83. 
mention of 37: 109; 38: § 541; 

42: 685 sq. 
of beads 34: 230. 
of shell and copper beads, from 

mound 12: 363. 
of shell from Pueblo ruins, discovery 

of 22, i: 90 sg. 
of the Turk Indians 14: 493. 
Bracers 

for Eskimo bows 9: 209 sq 
use of gorgets as 13: 117. 



dnnerjeaI 



StJBJECT INDEX 



143 



Brachycephallc Type in the South- 
west 42: 677. 
Bracken, C, survey by 18: 767. 
Bracken 

root, digging of 35: 195. 
use of, as food 45: 482. 
Bracken County, Ky., occurrence of 

earthenware spools in 20: 44. 
Bracket Fungi 33: 62. 
Brackinridge, H. M. 

on Ankara chungke stones 13: 99. 
on dice games, Ankara 24: 98. 
on hoop and pole, Arikara 24: 46 1. 
on Jemez 29: 403. 
on salt vessels 20: 29. 
on Tennessee mortuary customs 
13: 21. 
Bradbury, John 

botanical explorer, quoted 33: 54. 

on hoop and pole, Arikara 24: 461. 

Bradby, Terrill, on Pamunkey pottery 

making 20: 153. 
Braddock, General 
defeat of 14: 16. 
Pontiac at defeat of 14: 668. 
Bradford, Alexander W., on the ori- 
gin of mound-builders 12: 599. 
Bradford County, Pa., vessel from 

20: 166. 
Braecklein, J. G., collection presented 

by 41: 116. 
Braggs, Okla. 

ceremonial ground near 42: 602. 
medicinal spring near 42: 669. 
Braiding and Twisting, Eskimo im- 
plements for 9: 311 sq. 
Braiding of Basket Bims 41: 182 

sqq. 
Brain, Eskimo 46: 278, 299, 3.58. 
Brainerd, /?t'('. David, life of 19: 217. 
Brainerd Mission 

attendance of pupils at 19: 107 sq. 
establishjiient of 19: 104, 107. 
Braining Clubs and Stones, Eskimo 

18: 126, 127. 
Brakebill Mound 2: 215, 275, 292, 

296. 
Bran, Cherokee use of 20: 56. 
Branch, Dr. Christian W. 

archeological collection of 30: 21. 
archeological work of 34: 107. 
Brand, John 

cited on bell-ringing 9: 465. 



Brand, John — Continued 

cited on cords and girdles 9: 557, 

561, 568, 569, 570, 571, 573, 575, 

576, 578, 579, 580. 
cited on powders 9: 514, 532, 536. 
cited on sacred cakes 9: 541, 544, 

545, 546, 547. 
"Hand of Glory" 9: 486. 
Brannon, Melvin A., on wild rice in 

North Dakota 19: 1031. 
Bransford, Dr. J. C. ( U. S. TV.), bur- 
ial urns discovered by 1: 138. 
Branson, Judge, opening of Wisconsin 

mounds by 5: 18. 
Brant, Sir William Johnston's connec- 
tion with 19: 203. 
Brant, Pete 46: 119, 120, 122. 
Brant 

myths concerning 1 1 : 327. 

source of TUngit personal names 

26: 422. 
Brass 

Eskimo ornamentation with 18: 58, 

59, 274. 
Eskimo tobacco implements made of 

18: 280, 283, 284. 
See also Untsaiyi'. 
Brass Plates. See Plates. 
Brasseur de Bourbourg, Abbe 
Antillean vocabulary by 25: 77. 
cited 6: 350; 12.- 672. 
cited as to Casa Grande 28: 53. 
cited on Indian medicine-men 9: 

466. 
cited on origin of labrets 9: 498. 
cited on tzoalli 9: 523. 
copy of Troano manuscript by 6: 

284, 286, 343. 
description of human masks, cited 

3: 96. 
interpretation of Mexican calendar 

3: 39. 
map of 25: 243. 
mentioned 1: 208, 210, 243, 244. 
oc symbol interpreted by 16: 239. 
on definition of ah 16: 245. 
on definition of ahau 16: 263. 
on definition of chacyxic 16: 233. 
on definition of hok 16: 241. 
on definition of lamat 16: 2.36. 
on definition of io/i 16:2.38. 
on derivation of chuen 16: 243. 
on formation of Maya number names 

19: 866. 



144 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Brasseur de Bourbourg, Abbe — Con. 

on Kiche numerals 19: 864, 895- 
899. 

on Maya methods of computation 
19: 933. 

on Maya numeral system 19: 894. 

on Mexican mythology 16: 221. 

on origin of chicchan symbol 16: 
231. 

on the akab-maax symbol 16: 208. 

on the bakab symbol 16: 209. 

on the germ symbol 16: 218. 

on the manic symbol 16: 232. 

on the lamat symbol 16: 249. 
Brau, Sehor — , 

on Antillean pueblo 25: 33. 

on enslavement of Indians 25: 24. 

on population of Porto Rico 25: 23. 

principal work of 25: 24, 40. 
Brauns, Pro/essor, on tattooing 4: 78. 
Brave, signs for 1: 352, 364, 414. 
Brave-man. See Nah-tan. 
Bravery 

anecdotes of the Omaha 3: 332. 

exhibition of 46: 550. 

Omaha rewards of 3 : 329. 

reward of 30: 216 sq. 
Braves' Dance, descrii)tion of 46: 

558 sqq. 
Bray, William M., on wild rice in 

Texas 19: 1032. 
Brazil 

antiquity of man in 25: 220. 

character of potter3' of 20: 20. 

cup sculptures in 10: 195 sq. 

petroglyphs in 4: 44,45; 10: 150- 
157, 689, 691, 692. 

tattooing in 10: 402. 

totem marks in 4: 167. 
Brazilian 

Indian coiled pottery 4: 276, 277. 

petroglyphs, compared with Spanish 
petroglyphs 10: 690. 
Brazos River, occurrence of pottery 
resembling that of Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley, near 20: 81. 
Bread 

cassava 38: § 236. 

marriage, reference to 21 : 263, 264. 

of Pueblo Indians 14: 522. 

sacred 9: 541-547. 

unleavened 9: 543, 544. 

use of, among Colorado River In- 
dians 14: 485. 

Zuni, description of 30: 73 .s^. 



Breakers for bone, Eskimo 18: 75. 
Breakfast 

codfish eaten at 35: 253. 
dog .salmon eaten at 35:309,313. 
fat food avoided at 35:308. 
green salmon eaten at 35: 316. 
salmon eaten for 35: 350. 
Brearly, J. H., survey by 18: 720. 
Breastbone, bird's, string figure 38: 

§669. 
Breastplate 

of bone 45: 81. 

of copper of Virginia Indians 13: 116. 
of shell, description of 13: 115. 
Breast-shield, Symbolic, story of 

36: 156. 
Breastworks, use of, in warfare 45: 

118. 
Breast-yokes of the Eskimo 18: 211. 
Breath, The, death of 19: 79. 
Breath 

as a source of conception 21: 167. 
use of words meaning, to represent 
.spirit power. 21: 15. 
Breath-feather Designs, occurrence 
of, on pottery from old Shumopavi 
22, i: 115 sg. 
Breath Holder 

connection of, with sacred fire. 42: 

483. 
explanation of the term 42: 481. 
story regarding 42: 483. 
Breath Master, Muskogee name for 

God 42: 484. 
Breathing Rites in ceremonial 47: 

282, 292, 293, 294, 295, 297. 
Breboeuf, P'cre Jean de 
on burial feast 1: 191. 
on burial ceremonies of the Hurons 

5: 71, 110-119. 
on communal burial 12: 657, 674. 
on dice games, Hurons 24: 108 sq. 
on racket, Hurons 24: 589. 
Brechii, meaning of 16: 228. 
Breechclouts, described 42: 681; 

45: m sq., 233. 
Breeches of the Eskimo 9: 125-129. 
Bremen Museum, West Indian ob- 
jects in 34: 50. 
Brer Babbit, story of 30: 372-378. 
Bressany, Martin 

on tying wild rice 19: 1058. 
wild rice harvesting illu.stration. ref- 
erence to 19: 1057. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



145 



Brett, Rev. W. H. 

cited 30: 118, 119, 120, 125, 136, 
141, 142, 145, 148, 151, 154, 156, 
212, 218, 225, 229, 238, 242, 245, 
254 sq., 260, 265, 268, 300, 318, 
319, 320, 327, 328, 331, 339, 352, 
353, 354, 356, 357, 358, 360 sq., 
383. 
on Arawak dance 25: 72. 
on medicine-man's ordeal 30: 339. 
on scalping 30: 176. 
on the flood 30: 148. 
Breurr, H. N., rhyolite blades found 

by 15: 76, 79. 
Brevoort, Elias 

on San Ildefonso 29: 305. 
on Sia 29: 518. 
Brevoort, H. B., land-treaty witness 

14: 28. 
Bribri, numerals of 19: 919. 
Brice, W. A. 

on repudiation of wampum 2: 246. 
on .surface burial 1: 141. 
use of wampum belts 2: 242. 
Brickell, John 

on clubs of North Carolina Indians 

13: 144. 
on war idol of California Indians 
13: 116. 
Bricks 

absence of. Middle Mississippi Valley 

20: 82. 
of adobe, modern in Zuiii 8: 138. 
Bridge 

built by Spaniards across Canadian 

River 14: 397, 504. 
Indian, across Rio Grande 14: 511. 
mystic, in Menomini myth 14: 

225. 
of Guiana Indians 38: §791. 
of stone, in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 312. 
of wattle work 13: 13. 
Bridgeport, Ala., mention of 42: 

750, 751. 
Bridges, J. S., commissioner to ap- 
praise Cherokee property 5: 258. 
Bridles of the Omaha 13: 280. 
Brier in Cherokee lore 19: 425. 
Brigantines, French, on the coast of 

Xew Sjiain 14: 547. 
Briggs, C. F. 

material collected by 24: 290. 
material furnished by 24: 154. 



Brigham, Edward M., manuscript 

submitted by 41: 16. 
Bright's Disease, treatment of 42: 

667. 
Brighton Estate, rare specimen from 

34: 164. 
Brigstock, Master, on origin of Carib 

25: 217 nq. 
Brinton, Dr. Daniel G. 

aid of 5: xxxv. 

ben symbol interpreted by 16: 248. 

cited 12: 675, 718, 726, 727, 729; 
30: 158, 328. 

cited on chalchihuitl among Mexicans 
9: 590. 

cited on Hanmonte's Taensa gram- 
mar 7: 96. 

cited on Heyoka gods 11: 469. 

cited on ikonography 15: xxvii. 

cited on Indian medicine-men 9: 
457, 480, 532. 

cited on linguistic value of Indian 
records 7: 318. 

cited on Peruvian Cjuipu 9: 562. 

cited on relations of the Pima lan- 
guage 7: 99. 

cited on white deUverer among 
Indians 14: 658. 

classification of linguistic stocks by 
12: 523. 

classification of Seri and Waikuri by 
17: 108, 343* sq. 

edition of Walam Olum by 19: 190. 

e-\amination of quarry shops by 15: 
52. 

interpretation of light symbol by 
16: 237. 

interpretation of oc symbol by 16: 
239, 240. 

linguistic material of 30: 18. 

Maya and Zapotee names harmo- 
nized by 16: 237. 

Maya symbols interpreted by 15: 

Mayan Dictionary transferred to 
Bureau by 21: xxvi, xxvii. 

mention of 46: 329, 330, 367. 

on Alagiiilac number names 19: 
867. 

on Antillean aborigines 25: 218. 

on .\ntillean language 25: 78. 

on Arawak language 25: 77. 

on archaic forms of Maya day names 

19: 864. 



146 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Jrinton, Dr. Baniel G. — Contd. 
on burial mound 5: 39. 
on burial of collected bones 1: 170. 
on Cakchiquel calendar 22, i: 27.5 

sgq., 279. 
on Cakchiquel numerals 1 9 : 900. 
on definition of ahau 16: 263. 
on definition of ahmak 16: 252. 
on definition of aunahpu 16: 263. 
on definition of chab 16: 2.53. 
on definition of chinax 16: 258 sq. 
on definition of e6 16: 244. 
on definition of edznab 16: 259. 
on definition of guache 16: 227. 
on definition of hix 16: 249. 
on definition of laa 16: 245. 
on definition of lamat 16: 236. 
on definition of tecpatl 16: 258. 
on definition of tox 16: 231. 
on definition of uotan 16: 221,222. 
on Delaware name for Cherokee 1 9 : 

378. 
on Delaware tribal organization 1 9 : 

497. 
on deluge myth 19: 445. 
on derivation of caban 16: 255. 
on derivation of chicchan 16: 230. 
on derivation of chuen 16: 243. 
on derivation of gopa 16: 259. 
on derivation of kanel 16: 236. 
on derivation of manik 16: 234. 
on derivation of 7nuluk 16: 238. 
on dice games, Dela wares 24: 70. 
on drum symbol in Maya Codex 1 6 : 

209, 224. 
on early Central American day names 

19: 808. 
on first appearance of whites 19: 

191. 
on Flint and Rabbit myth 19: 451. 
on formula, "unity of mind" 19: 

827. 
on hoops and poles, Delawares 24: 

446 sq. 
on Indians as mound builders 5: 

84. 
on interpretation ot ik 19: 746. 
on interpretation of Mexican calen- 
dar 3: 40, 59, 65. 
on maggot sign in the codices 16: 

222. 
on Maya numeral system 19: 891, 



Brinton, Dr. Daniel Q. — Contd. 
on Maya time periods 19: 715. 
on meaning of certain symbols 16: 

213, 227, 239, 250. 
on mound builders 12: 600. 
on name Kitu'whagI 19: 182. 
on origin of guilloo symbol 16: 252. 
on origin of naa symbol 16: 251. 
on origin of the cross 2: 270. 
on Pima hneal measurements 26: 

92. 
on petroglyplis from St. Vincent 2 5 : 

159. 
on rabbit in Indian mythology 16: 

236. 
on Rama numerals 19: 918. 
on ring and pin, Delawares 24: 

537. 
on Shawano 19: 461, 495. 
on Tallige'wi 19: 184. 
on the black deities 17: 208. 
on the eche day symbol 16: 248. 
on the four-winds symbol 16: 219. 
on the ghanan symbol 16: 226. 
on the Maya calendar 16: 205. 
on the month name zip 16: 255. 
on the term ni 16: 219. 
on time of adoption of thirteen as 

group order 19: 953. 
on Tz^ntal number seven 19: 717. 
on Uto-Aztecan family 19: 866. 
on work of Zeisberger 28: 275. 
on Xincan number names 19: 881. 
quoted on influence of Indian medi- 
cine-men 9: 593, 594. 
researches of 4: 84, 188, 233. 
translation by, quoted from Good- 
man 19: 717. 
Walam Olum published by 17: 142; 

26: 34. 
Zapotec terms interpreted by 16: 

218. 
Brisco, Mrs., mounds on plantation of, 

in Louisiana 12: 252. 
Bristol, Tenn., trails in region of 42: 

7.58, 759. 
Bristol Bay 

crania from 46: 170, 190. 
mention of 46: 254, 259. 
Bristles 

seal, used in Eskimo ornamentation 

18: 37, 39. 
used in drilling 14: 267. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



147 



British 

encouragement of Indian hostility liv 

19: 64, 68. 
relations of, with Indians 19: 98 sq. 
retention of ports by (1790) 19: 

68. 
withdrawal of, from interior ports 

19: 81. 
withdrawal of, from the south 19: 
62. 
British America, association of ce- 
ramic and textile arts in 20: G7 sq. 
British Columbia 

field work in 18: xxix; 22, i: i.x, 

xii; 23: ix, xviii, xxxiv. 
Lidians of 46: 32, 33. 
linguistic material collected in, work 

on 22, i: xxxii sq. 
petroglyphs in 10: 4-i-48. 
researches in 30: 15. 
British Guiana 

dyes used by Indians of 10: 222. 
illustration of ornamentation by 

Indians of 6: 217. 
petroglyphs in 10: 686 sq. 
pictographs in 4: 40-44. 
British Islands, cuji sculptures in 

10: 189. 
British Museum 

drawings by John White in 20: 15, 

26. 
specimens in 34: 178. 
Brittany 

methods of keeping account in 10: 

264. 
petroglyphs in 10: 176 sq. 
Britton, Dr., N. L. 

assistance rendered by 38: p. 14. 
on fossil Zizania in New Jersey 19: 
1031. 
Broad House. See Kintiel. 
Brobdingnagians, possible originals of 

17: 53 sq. 
Broca, Eh-. Paul 

cited on primitive trephining 16: 

17, 18, 28. 
mention of 46: 367. 
Brodhead, site of, an important point 

42: SOO. 
Brodie, Paul, aid acknowledged 5: 

130. 
Broken Arm, delegate to Wovoka 

14: 820. 
Broken Arrow. .Set Ijkatcka. 



Broken Leg, pictographic representa- 
tion of 10: 716 sq. 
Brome Grass, use of 45: 516. 
Bronchitis among the Pima 26: 268. 
Bronson, I., sale of land to 18: 662. 
Brooches, recovered from mound 44: 

167. 
Brook Trout, whole, chemical composi- 
tion of 19: 1081. 
Brooke, Caroline M., acknowledg- 
ments to 17: 147. 
Brooke, Gen. J. B.. 

conference of, with Sioux chiefs 14 

867. 
on reduction of Sioux rations 14 

845. 
operations of , in Sioux outbreak 14 

875, 882. 
troops under, in Sioux outbreak 14 
850. 
Brooke Grove Farm, steatite quarries 

in 15: 128. 
Brooks, A. H. 46: 124, 125, 128. 
Brooks. Miss A. M., acknowledgments 

to 19: 13. 
Brooks, Prof. W. K., on Lucayan 

skulls 25: 30. 
Brooks Manuscript 

on De Soto's route 19: 193, 194. 

on Pardo's expedition 19: 28, 29. 

Broom Bape, belief concerning 45: 

509. 
Broom Weed 33: 133. 
Brooms, C. B. 

cited 30: 164, 175, 176, 236, 237, 

238 sq., 242 sq., 254, 267, 26S, 278, 

297, 298 sq., 300, 341, 357, 358, 363 

sq., 368. 

on medicLne-men 30: 351 sq. 

on protection against spirits 30: 

293 sq. 
on Warracaba tiger 30: 367. 
Brooms 

l)lue grama used for 30: 83. 
of the Omaha 13: 276. 
Brosimum Aubletii 

for bow making 38: § 125. 
fur clubs 38: § 149. 
Brother 

application of the term 42: 83. 
elder, application of the term 42: 

81, 92. 
sign for 1: 521. 



148 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Brother — Continued 

younger, application of the term 42: 

81, 92. 
younger, rights of 35: 1355. 
Brotherhood among Siouan Indians 

15: 178. 
Brother-in-law, application of the 

term 42: 82, 83, 84, 93. 
Brothers, The, a Navaho myth 8: 

280-284. 
Brotherton land purchases 14: 22. 
Brotherton Indians, tribes composing 

42: 211. 
Brothetown 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

892. 
See also New York Indians. 
Brouillet, J. B., Cayuse vocabulary of 

15: XL. 
Brower, Charles D. 46: 31, .32, HI, 

123, 167, 172, 181, 206, 318. 
Brown, — 

on Crow habitat in 1817 15: 198. 
on Osage habitat 15: 192. 
Brown, Colonel — , British agent at 

Chickamauga 19: 55. 
Brown, Lieutenant — , aid of, among 

the Seminole 5 : 489. 
Brown, Mrs. — , ransom of 19: 66. 
Brown, A. J., mission of 14: 946. 
Brown, Charles Barrington 

on pictographs in Guiana 4: 40,43, 

44. 
rock paintings mentioned by 10: 144. 
Brown, C. E. 

acknowledgments to 37: 48. 
quoted on copper implements 37: 

87 sq. 
quoted on garden beds 37: 103. 
quoted on intaglio mounds 37: 81. 
Brown, David 

Bible translation by 19: HI. 

on Cherokee condition in 1819 19: 

112. 
on effect of invention of alphabet 

19: 110. 
report on Cherokee, with census by 
5: 240. 
Brown, Hugh Q., Kiowa agent in 1893 

17: 226. 
Brown, Jacob, purchase from Chero- 
kee 5: 147. 



Brown, Joseph 

capture, adoption and release of 

19: 66. 
guide to expedition of 1794 19: 78. 
on attack on Buchanon's station 

19: 73. 
on Martin's expedition (1788) 19: 
65. 
Brown, J. M., on ancestry of Sequoya 

19: 109. 
Brown, J. P., (|Uoted on the Dervishes 

14: 948. 
Brown, J. Stanley 23: 18. 
Brown, L. W., petroglyphs reported 

by 10: 111, 112. 
Brown, Orlando, on Catawba among 

East Cherokee 19: 165. 
Brown, B., cited 46: 331, 332, 333, 

338, 344, 367. 
Brown, Samuel B. 

on birds destructive to wild rice 

19: 1027. 
on Menomini gathering wild rice 

19: 1062. 
on popular synonym for wild rice 

19: 1023. 
on tying wild rice 19: 1058. 
on wild rice field in Wisconsin 19: 
1033. 
Brown, Thomas 

teacher among East Cherokee 19: 

171. 
translation by 40: 27. 
Brown, T. E., steatite quarry on farm 

of 15: 126. 
Brown, Mrs. Wallace, myths related 

by 10: 468. 
Brown, William, trail described by 

42: 762. 
Brown, Mrs. W. W. 

gift of shell beads by 5: xxxvi. 
on dice games, Passamaquoddy 24: 

82 sqq. 
on European games, Passamaquoddy 

24: 792. 
on games of Wabanaki Indians 24: 

75. 
on racket, Passamaquoddy 24: 571. 
on racket, Wabanaki 24: 571. 
on ring and pin, Passamaquoddy 

24: 540 sq. 
on snow-snake, Passamaquoddy 24: 
406. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



149 



26: 



26: 



Brown 

and red ware from Pueblo ruins 

22, i: 58 sq. 
pottery from Santa Clara 2: 447. 
Serian and Yuman words meaning 
17: 335* sq. 
Brown County, 111., mounds in 6: 

39 sqq. 
Brown County, Ohio, occurrence of 

earthenware spools in 20: 44. 
Browne, H. G., acknowledgments to 

14: 655. 
Browne, John, license to purchase 

land issued to 18: 578. 
Browne, J. Boss 

on establisliment of stage lines 

32. 
on fight at "Bloody Tanks" 

50 sq. 
on Pima agriculture 26: 90. 
on Pima and Maricopa villages 26: 

21. 
on Pima greetings 26: 199. 
report on Fresno River reserve by 

18: 823. 
work of, cited 28: 53, 62. 
Brownell, — , 46: 219. 
Browning, D. M. 

on decision of citizenship claims 1 9 : 

154. 
on East Cherokee aflfairs 19:179. 
on opening of Cherokee strip 19: 
153. 
Browning, O. H., annuls sale of Chero- 
kee neutral land by Secretary 
Harlan 5: 349. 
Brown's Cave, La Crosse Valley, 

Wis., petroglyphs in 10: 126. 
Brown's VaUey, Minn., petroglyphs 

in 10: 90. 
Brown's Valley, S. Dak., petroglyphs 

near 10: 114. 
Brownstone, W. Va., ancient works at 

42: 755. 
Brownstown 

cession of reserve at 18: 690. 
establishment of reserve at 18: 676. 
treaty of 18: 676. 
Brownsville, Tenn., trail from mound 

near 42: 854. 
Broyuan. See TTrayoan. 
Bruce, James, quoted on Abyssinian 
9: 492. 



Bruce County, Ontario, pot from 

20: 110. 
Bruchidae, larvae of 26: 74. 
Briick, — , on use of hat mask in New 

Britain 3: 101. 
Bruhier, J. J. 

on Corsican customs 1: 147. 
on Persian burial 1: 103. 
Briihl, Gustav, on Pojoaque 29: 335. 
Bruises, medicine for reducing 30: 

44. 
Brule 

definition of 4: 98, 207. 
definition and habitat of 15: 160. 
Kiowa name of 17: 160. 
mention of 4: 108, 109, 119, 120, 
122, 127, 132, 1.34, 1.35, 136, 137, 
141. 
winter counts 4: 129. 
See also Brule Dakota; etc.; Sit- 
ca°xu. 
Brule Dakota 

colloquy in signs 1: 491. 
origin of, as pictographic call, re- 
corded 10: 567. 
tribal designation of 10: 382. 
See also Dakota, BruU. 
Brule Reserve. See Lower Brule 



Brule Sioux 

tree and scaffold burial of 1: 158, 

160. 
.See also Sioux {Brule). 
B rules 

a Teton division 14: 1058. 
Ghost dance among the 14: 847. 
Brunca, numerals of 19: 919. 
Brunett, Mrs. — , an informant 44: 

324. 
Brunot, — , on Columbia River land 

reserve 14: 709. 
Brunson, Alfred 

on relative value to Ojibwa of gov- 
ernment annuity and natural profi- 
ucts 19: 1096 sq. 
quoted on the Menomini 14: 36. 
Brunswick County, steatite quarries 

in 15: 132. 
Brush, E. A., land-treaty witness 14: 

29. 
Brush 

appearance of, in pictures of Hcpi 
katcinas 21: 93. 



150 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Brush — Continued 

Eskimo traps made of 18: 121 sq., 
133, 184. 

for painting 38: § 512. 

structures of, discussed 13: 237. 

use of, in roof construction 8: 150. 

See also Brushes. 
Brush Shelters 8: 217 sqq. 
Brush Symbol in tlie Maya codices 

16: 244. 
Brushes 

application of colors by, eastern 
United States 20: 67, 68. 

blue grama used for 30: 83. 

soapweed u.sed for 30: 82. 

See also Brush. 
Bruyas, Rev. Jacques 

on dice games, Mohawk 24: llO.s^. 

on Mohawk name for titmouse 
19: 454. 
Bruyier, John 

cited on ghost belief 1 1 : 489. 

cited on Siouan myths 1 1 : 480. 

reference to work of 11: 362. 

translation by 9: xxxvii. 
Bruyns, J. H., license to purchase land 

issued to 18: 579. 
Bry, T. de, on mystic use of bird orna- 
ments 13: 126. 
Bryam, O. N., collections of 15: IS. 
Bryant, — , quotation from 19: 

LXXXIX. 

Bryant, — , wild rice harvesting illus- 
trations, reference to 19: 1057. 
Bryant, Edwin, on hand game, Maidu 

24: 298. 
Bryant, Henry S. 

material collected by 24: 60S, 752. 
on use in game of images, by Arctic 
Highlanders 24: 104. 
Bryant, L. E., acknowledgment to 

42: 842. 
Bryant Steatite Quarry 15: 125. 
Bryson, Daniel, on Cherokee heroism 

19: 501. 
Bryson, Maj. James 

acknowledgments to 19: 13. 
on Cherokee heroism. 19: 501. 
on Cherokee roundup 19: 131. 
on Rutherford's route 19: 205. 
Bryson City, N. C. 

capture of East Cherokee at 19: 

171. 
polishing stone from 20: 56. 



Buchanon, James, on synonym for 

Menomini 19: 1048. 
Buchanon's Station, attack on, in 

1792 19: 73. 
Buck (m.), Buckeen (/.), Creole 

names for Indians 38: § 792. 
Buck, John 

Onondaga chief and fire-keeper, an- 
nalist 21: 136. 
Onondaga cosmological myth nar- 
rated by 24: xviii. 
Buck, Shaman Joshua, information 

furnished by 38: p. 7; 41: 8. 
Buck Shell 38: § 792. 
Buckeen. Scr Buck. 
Bucket Handles of the Eskimo 18: 

100-103. 
Buckets of the Eskimo 9: 86 sqq.; 

18: 72. 
Buckeye, medicinal use of 42: 658. 
Buckhorn Implements u.sed in (|uar- 

rying 15: 23. 
Buckland River 46: 203. 
Buckle, — , on Cherokee-Chickasaw 

war 19: 38. 
Buckley, John 46: 38. 
Bucknell, Capl. Jim, material collect- 
ed from 24: 291. 
Bucknell River, old sites 46: 202. 
Buckner, Wiley, information from 

42: 544. 
Buckner and Herrod, list of months 

made by 42: 401. 
Buck's Garden, Va., route from 

42: 76S. 
Buckskin 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 60, 98, 102, 108, 
111, 121. 
ceremony of throwing out, to spirits 

37: 431, 513, 544. 
decorative use of, in Pamtlrti festival 

21: 28. 
in making war implement for Hopi 

katcinas 21: 90. 
marking of 37: 443. 
offering of, to spirits 37: 429 sq., 

465. 
preparation of, for war-bundle feast 

37: 428, 442, 530. 
use of, as altar 47: 280, 301. 
use of, in apparel of Hopi katcinas 

21: 72, 73, 79, 85, 86, 87, 94. 
use of, in trade 41: 158. 



BONNEBJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



151 



Buckskin Bag, occuirence of, with 

Maiidan vessel 20: 198. 
Buckskin Ball, appearance of, in 
pictures of Hopi katcinas 21: 
116. 
Budd, Harry 

on Arroyo Hondo 29: 187. 

on Arroyo Hondo Creek 29: 176. 

on Arroyo Hondo settlement 29: 

177. 
on Elizabethtown 29: 176. 
on Luceros settlement 29: 176. 
on Pueblo Canyon 29: 191. 
on Pueblo ruin 29: 19G. 
on Ranches de Taos 29: 185. 
on San Ildefonso 29: 304. 
on Sandia 29: 525. 
on Santa Clara 29: 241. 
on Santa Fe 29: 460. 
on Seco town 29: 178. 
Buell, Col. Q. P., destruction of Kiowa 

camp by 17: 211. 
Buelna, Eustaquio 

on Cahita nvunber names 19: 867. 
on Cahita numerals 19: 908. 
Buen Llano, Pima village 26: 21. 
Buena Vista 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

782. 
Ruin, description of 22, i: 171 sqq. 
Buena y Alcalde, Mariano Antonio, 
plan for Seri mission by 17: 80. 
Buenaguia, Alarcon's name for Colo- 
rado River 14: 406, 574. 
Buffalo 

abandonment of Sun-dance for lack 

of 17: 346. 
albino, sacred 27: 284. 
as food 46: 581 sq. 
as taboo animal 27: 47. 
beliefs concerning 11: 37, 393, 403, 

475, 505, 510, 518. 
Cherokee gift of skin of, to Spaniards 

19: 27. 
connection of, with origin of maize 

27: 76 sqq. 
connection of, with Te'ithaethe 27: 

487 sq. 
disappearance of 27: 29, 33, 244, 

619, 634 sq. 
discussion of destruction of 46: 460 

sqq. 
effect of extermination of 17: 349. 



Buffalo — Continued 

extermination of 17: 199,207,219, 

283, 344, 345, 349. 
fat of, use of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 20. 
gathering of, at Salt Licks 42:742, 

743, 788. 
gentes of the Omaha 13:277. 
hair of, symboHsm of 22, ii: 22, 

47. 
hair of, use of 22, ii: 20. 
hair of, use of rope of 22, ii: 26. 
hunting of 45: 96, 103, 347; 46: 

530-536. 
importance of 45: 624, 632; 46: 

410 sqq. 
Indian trade in 17: 345. 
influence of, on the Indian 13: 

LIV. 

Kiowa attempt to restore 17: 345. 
Kiowa genesis of 17: 349. 
Kiowa methods of hunting 17: 309. 
Kiowa reverence for 17:237. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 

263, 293, 410, 412, 443. 
origin of 27: 71, 147, 239. 
parts of, eaten raw 46: 581. 
purchase of, for Sun dance 17: 355. 
represented in Shell Society figure 

27: 559. 
reservation for 18: 796. 
results of extermination of 45: 152. 
robe of, use of 22, ii: 26. 
sign for 1 : 488. 
signals for, discovered 1 : 532. 
skull, use of, in ceremonial 1 1 : 545. 
special connection of , with man 27: 

512. 
Sun ceremony, derivation of Calako 

masks from tribes practicing the 

21: 110. 
symbohsm of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 80, 81. 
taboo among the Omaha 11: 411. 
See also Bison; Buffaloes; Game; 

Hunting; Muscaras; Mucaias. 
Buffalo Back, a life symbol 36: 132. 
Buffalo Back Gens 36: 134-139. 
Buffalo Bill. .See Cody, W. F. 
Buffalo-Bill-coming-out 
Kiowa leader 24: 285. 
See also Pa-tepte. 
Buffalo, Black. See Black Buffalo. 



152 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(ETH. ANN. 



Buffalo Bull, as a symbol of courage 

and strength 39: 244. 
Bufifalo-Bull Eagle, Minikoojn gent«s 

given by 15: 220. 
Buffalo-bull-face Gens. See 

Tse-do'-ga I"-dse Gens. 
Buffalo-Bull Gens 

rite accredited to 39:205. 
See also Tho'-xe Gens. 
Buffalo Bull Men, songs of the rising 

of tlie 39: 206-213. 
Buffalo Bur, used in medicine 30: 60. 
Buffalo Calf on Kwapa gentes 15: 

230. 
Buffalo Clan 

functions of 37: 200, 243. 
funeral customs of 37: 154 sg. 
origin myth of 37: 243 sqq. 
personal names of 37: 246. 
songs of 37: 245. 
Buffalo Clan Feast, participation in 

37: 206. 
Buffalo Creek, N. C. 

cession of reserve on 18: 770, 776. 
mounds near 5: 68. 
reservation on 18: 660. 
treaty of 18: 662, 768-772, 776. 
Buffalo Dance 

appearance of Mucaias mana in 

21: 92. 
celebration of 21: 21. 
description of 11: 513. 
description of, Paliiliikonti festival 

21: 43. 
legend of origin of 19: 352, 485. 
mention of 45: 387. 
of the Omaha 3: 347. 
of the Sauk 40: 504. 
origin of 21: 31. 
significance of appearance of eagle in 

21: 67. 
tradition concerning 42: 787. 
Woe katcina represented in 21: 66. 
.See also Bison - dance; Green 
Buffalo Dance; White Buffalo 
Dance. 
Buffalo-eaters, name applied to the 

Bannock 14: 1051. 
Buffalo-Face Gens 
mention of 36: 121. 
See also Tse-do'-ga In-dse Gens. 
Buffalo Game of the Cheyenne 24: 
446. 



Buffalo Gap, appearance of troops at 

14: 850. 
Buffalo Head, the wa-xo'-be of an 

Omaha subgens 36: 65. 
Buffalo Horn. See Setk'opte, Paul. 
Buffalo-horn Game of the Teton 

Dakota 24: 417. 
Buffalo Hunt 

ceremonial cleansing before 33: 

132. 
description of 37: 112. 
influence of, on basketry 41: 141. 
Ponka, ritual connected with 27: 

442, 446. 
route of, designated by chiefs 36: 

67. 
winter, account of 27: 271. 
Buffalo Hunt, Annual 

control of Council of Seven 27: 

209 sq. 
dispatch of scouts 27: 142, 423- 

426. 
general account of 27: 137, 270 

sq., 275-283. 
leadership in Inke'^abe gens 27: 

146 sq. 
preservation of order in 27: 215. 
references to 27: 45, 46, 357 sq. 
religious element in 27: 309. 
rites connected with 27: 200, 596. 
Buffalo Maid 

sun symbol worn by 21: 93. 
Sec also Mucaias mana. 
Buffalo Man, side composed of one 

rih 32: 101. 
Buffalo Path 42: 788-791. 
Buffalo Pea 33: 91. 
Buffalo Plains visited by Spaniards 

14: Lvii. 
Buffalo Robe 

symbolic, used in ceremony 43: 54. 
use of 45: 235. 
Buffalo Shrine, offerings placed in, 

in Buffalo dance 21: 30. 
Buffalo Sioux, connection of, with 
northeastern te.xtile-marked pot- 
tery 20: 198. 
Buffalo Skin 

appearance of, in representations of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 73. 
instructions for dressing 36: 270 

sq. 
replacement of, by sheepskin 21: 
92. 



BONNERJEAJ 



SUBJECT I>fDEX 



153 



Buffalo Skin — Continued 

u^e of, in apparel of Hopi katcinas 
21: 73. 
Buffalo Society 

mention of 40: 517. 
number of 37: 317 sq. 
See also Little Spotted Buffalo 
Society. 
Buffalo Songs 

mention of 36: 141 sqq., 293 sq.; 

45: 623-639, 640-643. 
meaning of 36: 143 sg. 
of the Osage 39:192-205,283-289. 
ritual closed with 39: 205, 326. 
Buffalo Spirits 

myths of 37: 437. 
society of those blessed by 37: 
344^347. 
Buffalo Tail, feast to 37: 387. 
Buffalo Trace, route of 42: 742. 
Buffalo Trails, followed by immi- 
grants 42: 742. 
Buffalo Youth. See Mucaias taka. 
Buffaloberry 

mention of 33: 106. 
use of 45: 472, 489, 505. 
Buffaloes 

a gift to the people 39: 207, 211. 
age of the 15: 187. 
as a sign of blessing 40: 49. 
belief in restoration of 14: 799, 

907, 1088. 
belief of the Kiowa concerning 14: 

906. 
body killed but spirit unharmed 32 : 

102. 
ceremony for restoration of 14: 

906. 
effect of extermination of 14: 825, 

829, 831, 833. 
former range of 15: 173. 
hair of, as a symbol 39: 58 sq. 
hair used in medicine 14: 1033. 
hearts and tongues of, collected 3: 

289. 
hearts and tongues of, feast on 3: 

290. 
hunted in Allegheny regions 41: 611. 
hunting by the Sioux 14: 824. 
hunting, how conducted 14: 1071. 
importance of, to Siouan Indians 

15: 172, 173. 
in Biank'i's vision 14: 910. 
Indian dependence on 14; 980. 



Buffaloes — Continued 

in Ghost dance doctrine 14: 821, 

1064. 
in Sioux mythology 14: 1063. 
in Tennessee 41: 608 sq. 
killed in hunt, division of 3: 291. 
late arrival of, in Tennessee 41: 609. 
order of approaching a herd of 

3: 289. 
skins of, given to Coronado 14: 505. 
skins of, obtained through trade by 

Sonora Indians 14: 357. 
story about 43: 397. 
use of skulls of, in Sioux ceremony 

14: 822. 
vision of 14: 797, 821. 
See also Buffalo; and cross-refer- 
ences. 
Bufort, T. Jay 

material collected by 24: 248. 
on hand game, Calapooya 24: 284. 
on stick game, Klamath 24: 248. 
on .<tick game, Tututni 24: 239. 
Bugle Weed 

in Cherokee lore 19: 420. 
use of 44: 207, 290, 320; 45: 480. 
Bugloss in Cherokee lore 19: 426. 
Bugs not indigenous to British Guiana 

38: § 934. 
Buhrstone 

formation of 44: 505. 
.See also Chert (varieties of) . 
Buhuti. See Boii; Priesthood (An- 

tillean). 
Builder's Tools of the Eskimo 9: 302 

sqq. 
Building among the Sia 11: 23. 
Building Chant of the Seri 17: 223* 

Building Materials, used by Pueblo 

Indians 22, i: 176, 177. 
Buildings 

character of 41: 552. 
custodians of 42: 180. 
number of, on Gordon site 41: 495, 

497. 
on mound 41: 501, 562 sqq., 567- 

571. 
public, evolution of 42: 176. 
public, types of 42: 191. 
sacred, of the Creeks 42:687. 
shape of 41: 495. 
storage. Spring Canyons 33: 165. 



154 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



lETH. ANN. 4S 



Buildings — Continued 
traces of 41: 591. 
iSee also House. 
Buli or Butterfly Clan 

advent of, at Walpi 19: 585. 
introduction of Owakulti from Awa- 

tobi by 21: 58. 
same as Homani or Badger Clan 
19: 607. 
Buli Manas 

appearance of, in Butterfly dance 

21: 58. 
derivation of 21: 125. 
description of 21: 119, 120. 
Bulimus 38: § 286. 
Buli tikibi, description of 21:58. 
Bulkley, Charles S. 46: 128. 
Bull, William, treaty concluded by 

18: 633. 
Bull-boat, description of 27: 36, 37. 
Bull Head 

at arrest of Sitting Bull 14: 857. 
Cherokee leader in wars with Creeks 

19: 384. 
killed in Sitting Bull fight 14: 858. 
shot by Catch-the-bear 14: 857. 
Sioux policy under 14: 855. 
Sitting Bull shot by 14: 857. 
stoutness of, caused by the curse of 
TxamsEm 31: 71. 
BuU Nettle 

used in curdling milk 30: 70. 
used in medicine 30: 60. 
Bull Snake, a life symbol 36: 103. 
BuU- tail, death of 17: 269. 
BuUard, Jack, syllabary text by 

40: 378. 
BuUard, Mrs. Jack, sacred pack owned 

by 40: 378. 
BuUet 

game of 24: 309, 339-345. 
game of the Menomini 14: 242. 
game played with 44: 244. 
lead, recovered from mound 44: 
166. 
BuUet Molds of the Eskimo 18: 164. 
BuUet Starter of the Eskimo 18: 164. 
BuUfrog 

myths concerning 19: 310 si?.. 463. 
See also Frog. 
Bullhead-dish 35: 813, 816, 818. 
BuUroarer 

appearance of, in Hopi katcinas 2 1 : 



BuUroarer — Continued 
description of 24: 750. 
in pictures of Hopi katcinas 21: 

97, 120. 
of the Arapaho 14: 974, 975. 
played by the 24: 
Apache 750. 
Dakota, Oglala 750. 
Dakota, Teton 750. 
Hopi 7.50. 
Navaho 750. 
Omaha 7.50. 
Zuni 750. 
use of, among Indians 9: 476-479. 
use of, by Tcolawitze 21: 61. 
See also Whizzer. 
BuU's Dance, description of 46: 562. 
BuU's Dry Bones, doctor and sooth- 
sayer 46: 422. 
Bulrush 

mention of 33: 69. 
use of 44: 393, 397, 320, 378; 45: 
481, 484. 
Buluc-ahau, a Maya deity 16: 244. 
BiUwer, — , on customs of self-muti- 
lation 3: 77, 83, 84, 85. 
Bumblebees, used as medicine 44: 

331. 
Bun, Hot Cross, of Good Friday 9: 

544 sq. 
Bunch-berries (Chamaepericlineum 
uiialaschkense) . 
mention of 35: 596. 
use of 44: 288, 321; 45: 458. 
Bundle Burials 

of bones 41: 601 sq. 
See also Burial. 
Bunia Bird 

associated with air plants 30: 209, 

231 sq., 371. 
legends of 30: 131, 209, 221, 231 

sq. 
man taught by 30: 147, 209, 221, 

271. 
stench of 30: 371. 
Bunnell, C. E. 46: 31,38. 
Bunts, described and figured 13: 168. 
Bunzel, Dr. Ruth 

contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
reference to 41: 387. 
Buoy, of fishing line 35: 180. 
Buprestis, wing cases as bells 38: 
§575. 



bonnekjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



155 



Bur Snakeroot 
use of 44: 293. 
iSee also Sanicula Canadensis. 
Bura. Sec Deer. 
Burch, James, contractor for stage 

line 26: 32. 
Burchard, J. L., on pit burial 1 : 124. 
BurcheU's 46: 46. , 
Burden Baskets 

cliange in 41: 236, 361. 
coils of 41: 164, 165. 
description of 41: 198-201. 
designs on 41: 229-2.34. 
development of form of 41: 3S6. 
grouped according to shape 41: 

197. 
of the Chilcotin 41:344-348. 
of the LUlooet 41: 335-338, 421 

sq. 
of the Shuswap 41: 351 sq. 
of the Thompson 41: 416-420. 
proportions of 41:212-223. 
shape of 41: 137. 
technical difficulties in decorating 

41: 258 s?. 
terms for 41: 395 sq. 
two groups of 41: 217 sq. 
value of 41: 157, 158. 
widespread use of 41: 141. 
Burden-bearer in Troano Codex 16: 

250. 
Burden-bearing by the Seri 17: 

149*. 
Burden-strap 

description of 27: 339 sq. 
symboUc 36: 152, 153. 
Burdock 

medicuial use of 43: 266. 
mention of 33: 135. 
of recent introduction 33: 59. 
use of 44: 287, 340, 377. 
See also Arctium Minus. 
Bure-akwa, gourd flageolet 38: 

§565. 
Bureau of American Ethnology 
appropriations for 41: 1, 25, 47, 

77, 99. 
director and chiefs of 48: 1188. 
Eighth Annual Report of the, cited on 

Tusayan architecture 19: 579. 
expedition of July 1879, members of 

23: 15. 
linguistic classificatiou of Siouau 
tribes 27: 605. 
95719°— 33 H 



Bureau of American Ethnology — 
Continued 

pohcyof 42: Isq. 

report on work of 42: 1-19. 

sketch of 48: 1187 sqq. 

system of spelling of 4: 147. 

work of, in Alaska 46: 30. 

work of 41: 3, 25 sqq., 47-50, 77- 
80, 99 sqq. 

See also Administrative Report. 
Bureau of Indian Affairs, policy of 

47: 56. 
Buret de Longehamps, on Borinque- 

no tradition 25: 130. 
Burgoa, on Huave numljcr 19: 918. 
Burgos, Juan de, estate of, forfeited 

for bachelorhood 14: 379. 
Burgos sp., for shell beads 38: § 73. 
Buri, timber for fire-stick 38: § 1. 
Burial 

among northern Indians 11: 271. 

among Pueblo Indians 14: 518. 

among the Sia 11: 144. 

ancient and modern methods of 
32: 459. 

Apingi 1: 125, 126. 

aquatic 1: 180. 

Bari of Africa 1: 125. 

Bechuanas of Africa 1: 126. 

beneath, or in cabins, wigwams, or in 
houses 1: 122. 

beneath, or in dwellings 12: 674. 

box 1: 155. 

burning of food at 35: 709. 

by men 40 : 423. 

by Tiguex Indians 14: 595. 

by women 40: 423. 

Caddos 1: 103. 

cairn 1: 142. 

cairn, of the Ute 1 : 142. 

CaroUna tribes 1 : 93. 

case, of the Cheyenne 1: 162, 163. 

cave 1: 126. 

ceremonies, use of fire in 12: 675. 

chieftain, of the 1:110,111. 

classification of 1 : 92 sq. 

communal or tribal 12: 657. 

customs connected with 11: 486; 
42: 337, 384, 388, 398. 

Damara 1: 126. 

dance, Yokai'a 1: 192, 194. 

dances 1: 192. 

Eskimo manner of 18: 310 sqq., 
314 sq. 



156 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Burial — Continued 

feast, description of, by Beltrami 1 : 

190, 191. 
feast, of the Hurons 1: 191. 
feasts 1: 190. 
feasts, superstitions regarding 1: 

191. 
festivals and customs 38: § S39- 

867. 
fires of the AJgonkin 1: 198. 
fires of the Eskimo 1: 198. 
fires of the Yurok 1: 198. 
folding skeletons in 13: 539. 
food 1: 192. 
games during 1: 195. 
grave 1: 101. 
ground, in canoes 1: 112. 
in logs 1: 138, 139. 
in mounds 1: 115. 
in sitting or squatting posture 12: 

674. 
in standing position 1: 151, 152. 
Indians of Virginia 1: 125. 
instance of hasty, after battle 12: 

546. 
interment, the usual mode of 12: 

672. 
Iroquois 1: 140. 
Kaffir (of Africa) 1: 126. 
Ivlamath and Trinity Indians 1: 

106, 107. 
Lantookas 1: 126. 
lodge 1: 152. 

lodges of the Blackfeet 1: 154. 
lodges of the Cheyenne 1: 154. 
lodges of the Shoshone 1: 153,154. 
mention of 31: 534; 35: 973, 

1087. 
method of bundling skeleton in 12: 

539. 
methods of, Florida and Gulf Coast 

20: 119. 
Muscogulges 1: 122, 123. 
meaning and derivation of word 1 : 

93. 
myth concerning 19: 256, 440. 
of Alaric 1: 181. 
of an Indian chief described 12: 

678. 
of Blackbird 1: 139. 
of De Soto 1: 181. 
of Long Horse 1: 153. 
of Ouray 1: 128. 
of parts of body 35: 743. 



Burial — Continued 

of the Guiana Indians 38: § 832- 

836. 
of the Moquis 1: 114. 
of the Navaho 1: 123. 
of the Obongo 1: 139, 140. 
of twins 35: 686. 
Parsi method of 1: 105, 106. 
pit 1: 93. 

Pitt River Indians 1:151. 
position in 40: 383, 393. 
posts, Sioux and Chippewa 1 : 197, 

198. 
Potomac-Chesapeake province, influ- 
ence of, on potter's art 20: 150 
sq. 
pulling down of roof at 35: 709. 
removal of flesh before 12: 672. 
Round VaUey Indian 1:124. 
sacrifice, Aztecs and Tarascos 1: 

190. 
sacrifice, Indians of the northwest 

1: 187, 189. 
sacrifice, Indians of Panama 1: 18C. 
sacrifice, Natchez 1: 187, 189. 
sacrifice, Tsinuk 1 : 179. 
sacrifice, Wascopums 1: 189, 190. 
Sauks and Foxes 1 : 94, 95. 
scaffold 1: 162. 
several modes of 12: 672. 
skeletons often bundled in 12:673. 
skeletons sometimes folded in 12: 

674. 
song, Schiller's 1: 110, 111. 
songs 1: 194. 

songs of Basques and others 1: 195. 
superstitions, Chippewas 1: 199, 

200. 
superstitions, Indians of Washington 

territory 1: 201. 
superstitions, Karok 1: 200. 
superstitions, Kelta 1: 200. 
superstitions, Modocs 1: 200, 201. 
superstitions, Mosquito Indians 1: 

201. 
superstitions, Tlascaltecs 1: 201. 
superstitions, Tolowa 1: 200. 
surface ],: 138, 139. 
tree 35: 1120. 
urn 1: 137. 

urn and cover, Georgia 1 : 138. 
urn and cover. North Mexico 1: 
138. 



BONXERJEAj 



SUBJECT INDEX 



157 



Burial — Continued 

use of pottery in 20: 23 sq., 25, 33, 

37-42. 
(See aZxo Burial Boxes, etc.; Burials; 

Mortuary Customs; Mortuary 

Pottery. 
Burial Boxes 

paintiiif! of 46: 64. 
S<c alsd Boxes. 
Burial Case, boat-shaped, clay 12: 

300. 
Burial Cists 

in Casa Blaiica 16: 109. 
in cliff ruins, discussed 16: 106. 
See also Cists. 
Burial Customs 

mention of 47: 137 sq., 248 sqq., 

276, 278, 286, 290, 482 sq., 540, 

856. 
of the Assiniboin 46: 570-576. 
of the Chickasaw 44: 229-235. 
of the Creek 42: 337,384,388-398. 
of the Guiana Indians, details 30: 

149, 155-160. 
of Indians and mound builders com- 
pared 12: 671-679. 
of the K'iakima natives 8: 86. 
of the Salishan tribes 45: 164, 

172-176, 288 sq., 382 sq. 
of the Tsimshian 31: 534 sqq. 
of the West Indian natives 34: 90, 

225, 226. 
of the Zuni 15: 306. 
.See nl.in Burial; Burials; etc.; 

Funeral Customs; Mortuary 

Customs. 
Burial Grounds 
Barrow 46: 206. 
East Cape 46: 211. 
general 46: 172. 
location of 44: 64. 
Nook 46: 197. 
Pastolik 46: 195. 
pottery in 4: 434. 
preference, Yukon 46: 68. 
Western Eskimo 46: 183. 
Burial House 33: 658. 
Burial Inclosures at K'iakima 8: 

147. 
Burial Mounds 

absence of 46: 573. 

cla.ssification of, in Ohio district 12: 

567. 
description of 41: 5SG sqq. 



Burial Mounds — Continued 
in group at Rice Lake 37: 92. 
in Upper Barliaboo Valley 37: 91. 
of the Appalachian di.strict 12: 

574. 
of the Dakotan district 12: 538. 
of Wisconsin, built in part, at least, 

by Indians 12: 708. 
<S'ee also Conical Mound. 
Burial Mounds of the Northern 

Sections of the United States, 

l)y Cyrus Thomas 5: x.x.xviii- 

XLii, .3-119. 
Burial of the Cliff-dweller, pre.serva- 

tion of 41: 52. 
Burial Places 

caves as 34: 57, 61, 248. 
mounds as 34: 247. 
of the Zuni 8: 148. 
See also Graveyards. 
Burials 

above ground 46: 183. 
absence of, in mound 41: 501. 
adult, in house circle 41: 543. 
after decay of the fle.sh 41: 601. 
along Saline River 42: 808. 
around Winfiekl 42: 844. 
assimilation of, by tundra 46 : 77, 79. 
at Gordon site 41: 498 sq. 
at Elden Pueblo 43: 2 sq.; 44: 

2sq. 
Auk Point 46: 33. 
Barrow 46: 111. 
beneath floor of houses 44: 232. 
Bonasila 46: 60, 61, 63. 
"bunched" 44: 454. 
bundles, description of 44: 454. 
Burchell's 46: 46. 
burial bo.xes 46: 183. 
cave 42: 752. 

change in, after Civil War 42: 397. 
covered with stones 42: 702. 
customs connected with 37: 140- 

1.55. 
deep, of recent objects 46: 65, 67, 

169. 
despoiling of 46: 63, 64. 
earth, clans employing 37: 187. 
Eklutna 46: 38." 
flexed or folded 41: 587 .s?.; 42: 

844; 44: 454. 
Ghost Creek 46: 63, 64. 
Goldthorpe 37: 99. 
Grey ling River 46: 58. 



158 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH 



Burials — Continued 

in Burton Mound 42: 9. 

in cane baskets 41: 571. 

in Chaco Canyon 44: 10. 

in conical mounds 37: 84. 

in dwelling of deceased 42: 392, 

394, 395. 
in fire bowl 41: 560. 
in floor of wigwam 41: 598. 
ill houses 46: 183, 364. 
in lodge 46: 573. 
in mounds 44: 416-421, 424, 447 

sqq., 453-463, 465 sq. 
in Naeoochee mound 37: 2 sg, 
in Province of Gualdape 42: 689. 
in rocks 46: 183. 
in shell heap 44: 442-446. 
in sitting position 42: 390, 392, 

395,397; 44:66,230; 46:573, 

574. 
in sitting position, explanation of 

42: 397 sq. 
in stone chambers 37: 103. 
intrusive 41:606; 44:417,418. 
Kaltag (above) 46: 55. 
Kotlik(near) 46: 75. 
Little Diomede 46: 95. 
location of 46: 183. 
medicine taken after 42: 664. 
Meyer's (below) 46: 50. 
"Mounds" near Barrow 46: 319. 
multiple 41: 605. 
nature of 46: 55, 58, 61, 63, 77, 90. 
near salt spring 42: 783. 
Nulato (below) 46: 54. 
objects accompanying 46: 77. 
of bones of the dead 41 : 538; 42 : 

389. 
of children 41: 499, 520 sq., 537, 

546, 547, 598, 601. 
of dead under dwellings 4: 288. 
of pro|X!rty with the dead. 4: 288. 
of stilllxjrn or very young children 

42: 398; 47: 214. 
of the living, no evidence of 42: 

384. 
of the Thunderbird clan 37: 211. 
on hUltop 46: 572. 
orientation in 42: 390, 395, 396, 

398; 44: 230, 233; 46: 572, 

573. 
papers on 40: 16; 43: 16. 
Pastolik 46: 75, 78. 
place of 47: 210. 



Burials — Continued 
Point Hope 46: 102. 
prejudice against di.sturbance of 

44: 66. 
Ruby (near) 46: 49, 53. 
scaffold, clans employing 37: 187. 
scaffold or tree 46: 493, 571, 572, 

574. 
self 46: 184. 
Seward Peninsula 46: 90. 
Shinerara 46: 109. 
stone slab, excavated 44: 488 sq. 
surface 46: 363. 
two methods of 37: 140. 
under bed in dwelling 42: 381,383, 

392. 
under house floor 42: 394, 395. 
Yukon Eskimo 46: 83. 
Yukon, location of 46: 138. 
See oLsY) Bundle Burials; Burial; 

etc.; Children's Burial; Flexed 

Burials; Graves; Scaffold Bur- 
ials; Stone-slab Burials. 
Burials, Eskimo 

cremation uf the dead 9: 426. 
disposal of the corpse 9: 425 .nq. 
dog's head placed near child's grave 

9: 426. 
implement of the deceased buried 

with him 9: 424, 426. 
manner of preparing the corpse for 

9: 424. 
mourning of the dead 9: 426. 
of children 46: 77. 
[irotection of corpse from animals 

9: 425. 
"Buried City of the Panhandle," 

visited by Dr. J. W. Fewkes 37: 
6. 
Buriel, a variety of cloth 14: 543. 
Burin, stone implements used as 13: 

164. 
Burk, John D. 

on Cherokee invasion of Virginia 

19: 30. 
quoted on Virginia's Indian policy 

18: 563 sqq. 
Burke, Don Santiago, (same as 

James Burke), owner of Burton 

Mound 44: 57. 
Burke, Edmund, commissioner to 

treat with Cherokee 5: 298, 305. 
Burke, James (same as Don Santiago 

Burke {q. v.) 



BONNERJEAJ 



SUBJECT INDEX 



159 



Burke County, N. C, 



lids in 5: 



Burkitt, M. E. 46: 332, 333, 351. 
Burma, tattooing in 10: 413. 
Burnet, — , commissioner to Cherokee 

19: 145. 
Burning 

captives, probably practiced by 

mound builders 12: 676. 
influence pottery, materials and 

methods used in 4: 495, 496. 
of Indian captives condemned by 

Spaniards 14: 393. 
of Indians at stake by Spaniards 

14: 497. 
pottery 4: 434 sq. 
Burning Brush 33: 102. 
Burning Spring, W. Va., pictographs 

at 4: 22. 
Burns, Hon. Joseph W., Indian moinid 

reported by 44: 14. 
Burns, Robert, acknowledgments to 

14: 655. 
Burns, treatment for 30: 42, 51. 
Burnside, Mrs. S. A., collection pre- 
sented by 41: 116. 
Burnside, Ky., trail from, to Lexing- 
ton 42: 844. 
Burnt Point 35: 1139. 
Burnt Tobacco, contact %\'ith Xuniie'- 

hiby 19: 332. 
Bur-oak 33: 75. 
Burr, David H., on influence of wild 

rice on geographic nomenclature 

19: 1121, 1122. 
Burrell, H. H., Casa Grande photo- 
graphed by 15: 343. 
Burro Creek, Ariz., reference to 28: 

209. 
Burro Spring, ruins near, reference to 

22, i: 55. 
Burros, Seri method of hunting 17: 

204* sq. 
Burrow, among the Pima 26: 86. 
Burrowing Owl People, settlement in 

Tusayan of the 8: 26. 
Burs, in Cherokee lore 19: 426. 
Bursa bursa-pastoris 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
use of 44: 2S8, 344. 
Burt County, Ky., reference to 27: 

100. 



Burton, Lewis T. 

mound nannd for 44: 32. 
owner of Burton Mound 41: IDS; 
42: S; 44: 60. 
Burton, Robert 

cited on exorcism 9: 584. 
cited on magic cords and girdles 
9: 568, 569, 575. 
Burton, Capt. R. F., on Arapaho 

language 1: 314. 
Burton Mound 

brief history of site of 44: 31 sq. 
contour map of 44: 68, 69. 
description of 44: 64 sqq., 68 sqq. 
excavation of 41: 85 sq., 107 sqq.; 

44: 66-72. 
first pictured by Alfred Robinson 

44: 55. 
genesis of title of 44: 56 sq. 
grading of 44: 70. 
location of 44: 35. 
purchased by A. F. Hinchman 
44: 59. 
Burton Mound Village 
old Indian name for 42: 8. 
work at, of J. P. Harrington 42: 8 
sqq. 
BuruburuU, red pigment 38: § 28. 
Bury, John, archeologic collection of 

15: IS. 
Busby, A., reference to 40: 501. 
Bush, Maj. Joseph, on time charts 

4: 94, 99-127. 
Bush, string figure of 38: § 690. 
Bush Child, The Little, legend of 

30: 326. 
Bush Cow. See Tapir. 
Bush Devils 

nature of 30: 171. 
See also Bush Spirits. 
Bush Hogs 

bina for 30: 282, 284 sq. 

glands 30: 368. 

head carried in Parishara dance 

38: § 593. 
hoofs used as bells 38: § 723. 
hunting of 38: § 167, 272. 
legends concerning 30: 187. 
taming of 38: § 723. 
teeth of, talismans from 30: 289. 
used as food 30: 297. 
Bush-Master Snake 

antidote against 30: 232. 
basketry design 38: § 445. 



160 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Bush-Master Snake — Continued 
origin of 30: 122, 368. 
transformation of, to pot 30: 193. 
Bush. Bat 

legend concerning 30: 223. 
trap for 38: § 172. 
Bush Bope 

clinil)ing vine used for 38: § 72. 
ladders 38: § 787. 
Bush Shelter, a temporary 38: §298. 
Bush Spirits 

amativeness of 30: 170, 177, 181, 

187, 189. 
anger of, at mockery 30: 170, 194. 
association with 30: 170, 195 sqg. 
belief in 30: 152, 154, 163. 
binas against 30: 298. 
cannibalism of 30: 170, 177, 181, 

187. 
dead restored by 30: 170, 178. 
description of 30: 170-177. 
exorcism of 30: 149, 163 sq., 170, 

182, 197. 
explanation of 30: 366. 
helpfulness of 30: 170, 178 sq. 
hunting ability of 30: 185 sqq. 
invocation of 30: 347-351. 
killing of 30: 188 sq. 
mimicking of 30: 194. 
mischief done by 30: 170, 179-185, 

187. 
names of 30: 170 sq., 193 sq. 
natural hLstory of 30: 170-198. 
origin of 30: 170. 
plants associated with 30:228-234. 
protection against 30: 170,177,180 

sq., 196 sqq., 298. 
recognition of 30: 176 sq., 185, 190. 
smell of 30: 177. 
tobacco laid by 30: 191 sq. 
tricking of 30: 191. 
See also Adda; Animals; Dai-dai; 

Ekkekuli; Hebus; Hyorokon; 

nokianio; Immawari; Jurupari; 

Konoko-Kuyuha; Maboya; Ma- 

kai-Mabani; Mawari; Sickness; 

Tukuyuha; Yawahus; Yuro- 

kon; etc. 
Buschmann, Johann C. E. 

classification of Seri by 17: 300*. 
English-Pima vocabulary by 28: 

269. 
linguistic literature of 7: 18, 19. 
notes on Seri by 17: 99. 



Buschmann, Johann C. E. — Contd. 

on Cuyamunque 29: 333. 

on Isleta 29: 529. 

on Jacona 29: 330. 

on Jemez 29: 403. 

on Kiowa language 7: 84. 

on Pima language 7: 99. 

on Pimeria 26: 76. 

on Shoslionean families 7: 109. 

on Taos 29: 182. 

Slioshonean and Nahuatlan families 
regarded as one by 7: 140. 

signs of .\ccocessaws 1 : 324. 
Bushmen 

inscriptions by 10: 180-183. 

rock etching by 13: 164. 
Bushnell, David I., jr. 

acknowledgments to 29: 12; 42: 
670. 

bulletins by 43: 16; 44: 15. 

journal edited by 42: 761. 

manuscript by 30: 24. 

manuscript purcha.sed from 41: 0. 

on moccasin game, Chippewa 24: 
340. 

papers by 40: 18. 

pottery discovered by 41: 525 sq. 

revision of Catalogue of Prehistoric 
Works east of the Rocky Moun- 
tains by 33: 32. 

work of 34:22sg.; 36:27; 37: 
22; 38: p. 16; 39: 22 sq.; 40: 
15; 41: 14, 40, 67. 
Bushnell, D. P., on relative value to 
Ojibwa of wild rice and govern- 
ment annuity 19: 1096. 
Bushotter, George 

cited on Gho.st lodge 11: 487. 

cited on Indian beliefs 11: 496. 

cited on Indian customs 11: 493. 

on hoop and pole, Teton Dakota 
24: 508. 

quoted on buffalo myths 11: 476. 

quoted on Heyoka women 11: 471. 

quoted on Indian beliefs 11: 441, 
447, 467. 

quoted on Mandan song 11: 464. 

quoted on Sun dance 11: 453. 

quoted on sun worshiji 1 1 : 450. 

quoted on worshii) of Inyan 11: 
448. 

translations by 9: xxxvii. 

work of 8: xxix. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



161 



Busk (1) 

a peace ceremonial 42: 548. 

a religious ceremony 42: 671. 

at Otciapofa 42: 581, 583. 

attendance at 42: 576 sq. 

benefits derived from 42: 546. 

ceremony of 42: 546-614. 

changes in celebration of 42: 579 sq. 

custom connected with 42: 122. 

decline of 42: 601. 

fast of 42: 569. 

fines for not attending 42: 320, 
356, 555, 567, 577, 603. 

invitations to 42: 252, 554. 

Kasi'hta, new fire ceremony of 41: 
513. 

length of 42: 577. 

meaning of the word 42: 546. 

new year beginning with 42: 401. 

object of, tlie tribal health 42: 547. 

of the Texas Alabama 42: 601 sq. 

offenses cancelled at 42: 344, 373. 

origin of 42: 60. 

preparations for 42: 591. 

psychological effect of 42: 548. 

religious character of 42: 548, 549, 
568, 569, 570, 593, 600. 

restrictions connected with 42: 573. 

similarity of, in various towns 42: 
589. 

sin expia.ed at 42: 590. 

stories of origin of 42: 546 sq. 

unifying element in Creek con- 
federacy 42: 548. 

See also Booske Tah. 
Busk (2), for training of priest or doc- 
tor 42: 617-620. 
Busk, Creek, among the Chickasaw 

44: 262. 
Busk Dances, sun married 42: 609 

sq. 
Busk Day, observance of 42: 554, 

555. 
Busk Fire 

connection of, with sun 42: 484. 

reference to origin of 42: 262. 

symbolism of sticks of 42: 548. 

See also New Fire. 
Busk Ground 

arrangement of 42: 177. 

in relation to the town 42: 172. 

See also Ceremonial Grounds. 
Busk Medicines, origin of 42: 546 

sq. 



Busk Names. See Titles (or Busk 

Names). 
Bustamente, authority for Mexican 

manuscripts 3: 65. 
Bustamente y Tagle, Bernardo An- 
tonio de, on the Sia 29: 519. 
Busycon Perversum, from mounds 
12: 83, 116, 131, 224, 225, 303, 
343, 386, 518, 685, 713. 
Busycon Shell, copied as a vessel 4: 

454. 
Busycon Shell, Columellae of 

gorgets derived from 2: 273, 276, 
282, 290, 292, 294, 296. 

pendants derived from 2 : 209, 259. 

perforated plates derived from 2: 
265. 

used as beads 2: 220, 224. 

used as celts 2: 204. 

used as pendants 2: 209, 250. 

used as pins 2: 213. 

used as vessels 2: 194, 197. 

used as weapons 2: 211. 

used in the arts 2: 191. 
Butchering 

of mountain goat 35: 174, 438, 441. 

of porpoise 35: 446. 

of seal 35: 451. 

song 39: 134. 
Butel-Dumont, G. M. 

on earthenware drums of Louisiana 
Indians 20: 34 sg. 

on Louisiana Indian embroidery 
13: 28. 

on Louisiana Indian featherwork 
13: 28. 

on Louisiana Indian mortuary mats 
13: 21. 

on Louisiana Indian sieves 13: 17. 

on Mobilian wattled biers 13: 14. 

on Natchez dwellings 13: 14. 

on pottery making in Lower Missis- 
sippi Valley 20: 57, 102. 

on preparation of clays for pottery 
making 20: 46. 

on rafts of poles and canes 13: 15. 
Butler, Captain — , mention of 42: 

813. 
Butler, Rev. D. S. 

arrest and imprisonment of 19: 119. 

Cherokee missionary 19: 105. 

on Jackson's attitude toward Chero- 
kee 19: 117. 



162 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Butler, ProJ. James D. 
on Italian signs 1 : 408. 
on wild rice in vicinity of Madison, 
Wis. 19: 1036. 
Butler, John, Cherokee ball captain 

19: 406. 
Butler, P. M. 

Cherokee agent 5: 297. 
commissioner to examine Chercikeo 
feuds 5: 301. 
Butler, S. W., myth told by 19: 4.50. 
Butler, Thomas, commissioner for 

Cherokee treaty 5: 174. 
Butler County, Ohio 
archeology of 5: 13. 
collections of pottery from 20: 184. 
Butte des Morts, treaty of 14: 27, 

46; 18: 716 sqq. 
Buttercup, use of 45: 473, 505, 512. 
Butterfield, H., on Shoshone cairn 

burial 1: 143. 
Butterfield Stage Line, establish- 
ment of 26: 32. 
Butterfly 

as a symbol 39: 50. 
basketry design 38: § 445. 
depicted on Walpi Snake altar 19: 

983. 
design on Pueblo pottery, description 

of 22, i: 81, 148. 
disease caused by 26: 265. 
figures on Sikyatki pottery 17: 678 

sqq., 698. 
flowers associated with 30: 64. 
in Pima song 26: 300, 310, 316. 
legends of 30: 130. 
or moth, Pueblo symbol for 22, i: 

105. 
sacred, power of 47: 871 sq. 
silver chest ornament 38: § 537. 
string figure of 38: § 657. 
symbol on Hopi pottery 17: 687. 
Butterfly Bird, in Pima song 26: 295. 
Butterfly Clan. Sec Buli Clan. 
Butterfly Dance. .S'k Bilitikibi. 
Butterfly Designs 

mention of 41: 257 sq., 273, 342. 
See also Bird Designs. 
Butterfly Maids. Sec Buli manas. 
Butterfly Symbols, appearance of, in 
Hopi pictures 21: 90, 92, 106, 
119. 
Butterfly Weed 33: 109. 
Butternut, u.se of 44: 290, 369. 



Button, Joel, inclosure on farm of, in 

New York 12: 511. 
Button, hand game 24: 309. 
Button Snakeroot 

a war physic 42: 584. 
medicinal use of 42: 655 sq., 668. 
use of 44: 265. 
Button Willow, medicinal use of 

42: 661. 
Buttons 

brass, recovered from mound 44: 

166. 
for belts, Eskimo 18: 59, 63. 
perforated stone used as 13: 115. 
Buttress, formerly of Halona, existing 

in Zufii 8: 88, 89. 
Buttress 

in Casa Blanca 16: 110, 162. 
in cliff ruins 16: 119, 125, 129. 
in kivas 16: 177. 
Buttress Projections 

chimney supported by 8: 172, 173. 
girders supported by 8: 144. 
support of passageway roofs by 8: 

ISl. 
Tusayan rooms 8: 109, 110. 
Zuiii 8: 111. 
Buttrick, — . 

on Cherokee myths 19: 430, 436 

sq., 445, 470, 476, 478, 483. 
on Cherokee sacred fire 19: 502. 
on custom of removing deer's ham- 
strings 19: 447. 
Butts and Tips in Navaho house 

building 17: 489, 490. 
Buxton, L. H. D. 46: 269. 
Buzz 

mention of 24: 751-757. 
played by the 24: 
Arapaho 751. 
Crows. 756. 
Dakota, Oglala 756. 
Dakota, Teton 757. 
Eskimo, Central 751. 
Eskimo, Ita 752 sq. 
Eskimo, Western 753 sqq. 
Gros Ventres 751. 
Hopi 755 sq. 
Maricopa 757. 
Mono 756. 
Plains tribes 751 
Zuili 757. 



bonnerjea] 



StTBJECT INDEX 



163 



Buzzard 

disease caused by 26: 263 .s^. 

in Menomini mythology 14: 165, 

202 
in Pima legend 28: 49, 50, 52. 
myths concerning 19: 239, 266, 

284, 293, 430, 431, 456. 
range of the 2: 142. 
representation of, Middle Mississipi 
Valley pottery 20: 95. 
Buzzard Clan 

existence of 42: 118 sg. 
native names for 42: 116. 
Buzzard dance 

description of 42: 534. 
mention of 42: 523. 
Buzzard Decorah's Village, location 

of 37: 51. 
Buzzard Disease, symptoms of 42: 

644. 
Buzzard Feather, insignia of doctor 

42: 61S. 
"Buzzard" Men and Women, work 

of 42: 701. 
Buzzard's Creek, Indian remains on 

42: SIO. 
Buzzer Toy 38: § 619. 
Byhan, Rev. Gottlieb, Cherokee mis- 
sionary 19: 84. 
Byington, Rer. Cyrus 

author of Choctaw Dictionary 30: 

19; 34: 26. 
linguistic work of 29: 23. 
list of months recorded by 42 : 402. 
Byrd, William 

acknowledgment to 11: 501. 
quoted on Indian beliefs 11: 510. 
Byrsonima Crassifolia 

for fevers and dysentery 38: §927. 
for snake-bite 38: § 929. 
Byrsonima Spicata. See Hitchia. 



Ca, symbol of Landa 16: 242. 
Caapim Drink 38: § 265. 
Cab 

definition of 16: 255. 
symbol, application of 16: 205. 
Caban symbol discussed 16: 205, 

253, 254. 
Cabana, suspended wattle bed of the 

Island Carib 38: § 458. 
"Cabbage" Tops of certain palms, 
eaten 38: § 247. 



Cabecar 

number names of 19:882. 
numbers of 19: 931. 
Cabello, Doctor — , acknowledgments to 

25: S3. 
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nunez 

arrival of, in New Spain 14: 345, 

474. 
description of bison by 14: 543, 

548. 
efforts to verify reports of 14: 354. 
experience of, as trader 42: 738 sq. 
extract from narrative of 41: 609 

sq. 
in Corazones Valley 14: 484, 585. 
Indian traditions regarding 14: 589 
journey of 14: lvi. 
mention of 42: 829. 
mention of Atayos by 7: 46. 
narrative of Narvaez's expedition by 

14: 349. 
narrative of Narvaez's expedition by, 
translated by Ternaux 14: 349. 
observations on Seri by 17: 51. 
on signs of the Timucuas 1 : 324 
on trade in shells 2: 194. 
royal treasurer on Narvaez's expedi- 
tion 14: 347. 
tells Alvarado of his discoveries 14: 

352. 
traces of, found by Coronado 14: 

505, 506. 
uses gourds of Indian medicine-men 
14: 360. 
Cabeza del Aquila, a Pima chief 26: 

21. 
Cabezas, Don Juan, specimen pre- 
sented to National Museum by 
34: 229. 
Cabezon's Beserve, establishment of 

18: 886. 
Cabima. See Copaifera. 
Cabin Creek, trail to 42: 788. 
Cabins 

arrangement of, in town scjuare 42: 

311 sq. 
painting of 42: 312. 
See also Beds. 
Ca'bitci, a Chickasaw informant 44: 

191. 
Cabnix, definition of 16: 257. 
Caborca, reference to 28: 218. 
Caborka, Tepoka Indian habitations 
near, traces of 22, i: xi. 



164 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 



Cabot, John and Sebastian, dis- 
coveries by 18: 528. 
Cabot, Sebastian 

map of, cited 14: 403. 

visit of, to .\merica 19: 191. 
Cabraken, a Kiche god 25: 130. 
Cabrera, Manuel 

on Seri in Pueblo Seri 17: 88. 

on title of Tzental manuscript 16: 
222. 
Cabrillo Expedition, place names re- 
corded by 44: 35. 
Cabrillo, Joao, island of Santa Rosa 

visited by 2: 260. 
Cabrillo, Juan Boderiguez 

mention of 42: 8. 

voj'age of, along the Californian 
coast 14: 411. 
Cacao 

cultivation of 38: § 246. 

symbol in the Maya codices 16: 
' 234, 238. 

timber for fire sticks 38: § 1. 
Cacaori, fish weir 38: § 203. 
Cachama Fish, knoclved over with 

cudgels 38: § 198. 
Cache 

description of 15: 78. 

explanation of 15: 62. 

for wild rice 19: 1071 sq. 

found near Baltimore 15: 76. 

of argillite blades 15: 90, 140. 

of the Omaha 41: 518. 

relation of, to quarry 15: 79. 

See also Caches. 
Cache Frames 

for storage of property by Point 
Barrow Eskimo 9: 75 sq. 

sleds used for 9: 82. 
Cache Pits 

description of 41: 503 sq. 

use of 41: 555. 
Cachena, application of the term 

15: 251. 
Caches 

description of 27: 98 sq., 275. 

mention of 12: 32, 540. 

of spades, in Kentucky 13: 134. 

of turtlebacks, in Vermont 13: 137. 

use of 45: 63,229. 

valuables buried in 34: 61 sq. 

See also Cache. 
Cachinas, references to 29: 54, 56, 
356. 



Cachoeira do Biberao, Brazil, petro- 

glyphs on 10: 150 sq. 
Cachunilla, population of 26: 21. 
Cacimar, a Carib ruler 25: 40. 
Cacimbas, of the Isle of Pines 34: 

256 sq. 
Cacique 

altar of 47: 41 sq. 

death and burial of a 25 : 69, 70, 71. 

description of the office of a 25: 33 
sqq. 

dress of a 25: 34 sq. 

functions of 47: 41. 

impressions concerning 47: 42. 
* installation of 47: 43. 

marriage customs of 25: 48. 

member of Antelope clan 47: 38. 

mention of 38: § 740. 

officers appointed by 47: 60. 

ornaments of a 25: 146. 

part taken by, at initiation 47: 74. 

succession of" 47: 43. 

visit to, description of 47: 43. 

.See also Chief. 
Cactaceae 33: 104. 
Cacti 

of Seriland 17: 33 sqq. 

Seri harvest of 17: 20&* sqq. 

See also Cactus; Peyote; Prickly 
Pear. 
Cactus 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 106, 112, 113. 

hearers, meeting the 23: 571. 

liearers, procession of 23: 572. 

belief concerning 47: 218. 

dance, preparation for 23: 573 sq. 

food value of the 23: xiii, xxx. 

giant, in Pima legend 28: 44, 52, 61. 

in Pima song 26: 294, 325. 

stems of the, as materials for houses 
23: XXIX. 

svmlwlism of 23: 570. 

used for food 45: 484. 

See also Cacti. 
Cactus, Cane, used as food 30: 69. 
Cactus Clan. See Ucii. 
Cactus Fraternity ('■ko'shi'kwe) 

medical practice of 30: 52, 62 sq. 

of the Zuni 23: 569-573. 

squash used by 30: 46. 
Cactus Katcina. See Yufla. 
Cactus Maid, association of, with 
Cactus katcina 21: 113. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



165 



Cactus Society 

prayers of 47: 830-834. 

special function of 47: 528. 
Cactus Spines 

how extracted 30: 62. 

used for poisoning arrows 14: 285. 
Cactus Tongs, appearance of, in pic- 
tures of Yuna mana 21: 113. 
Caddo 

account of the 14: 1092. 

Battey among 17: 193. 

elan system of the 14: 956. 

customs of the 42: 700, 701, 702, 
703, 705, 706, 707. 

delegation of, to Wovoka 14: 901, 
903. 

descent among the 42: 695. 

dwellings of the 42:687,688. 

feather cloaks worn by the 42: 682. 

games of the 24: 
dice games 98 
hoop and pole 462 sq. 

Ghost dance among the 14: 653, 
786, 802, 895, 898, 902, 905, 926, 
927. 

glossary of the 14: 1102. 

hair dressing of the 42: 684. 

in peace council of 1872 17: 190. 

in Texas, union of, with Cherokee 
19: 143. 

Kiowa hostihty to 17: 165, 

linguistic relations of 42: 678. 

land cessions and reservations 18: 
754. 

mound built by 44: 405. 

name of Ghost dance 14: 791. 

name of the Arapaho 14: 953. 

name of the Cheyenne 14: 1023. 

name of the Comanche 14: 1043. 

name of the Kiowa Apache 14: 
1081. 

name of the Sioux 14: 1057. 

name of the Wichita 14: 1095. 

Omaha name for 27: 102. 

position of the 42: 118. 

reference to 27: 112. 

reference to property of 42: 690. 

refusal of, to accept Spiatan's re- 
port 14: 914. 

songs of the 14: 1096. 

study of the 15: xxxiii, xxxiv, 

XXXVII, XLI, LXXX. 

synonymy of the 14: 1092. 



Caddo — Continued 

trade of, in Osage orange wood 

42: 692. 
tribal sign of the 14: 1092. 
wanderings of 19: 146. 
Wa'wa" ceremony among 27: 74. 
<§ff also Caddoan; etc. 
Caddo Culture Area, features of 

42: 717. 
Caddo Jake at Fort Gibson council in 

IKSS 17: 221. 
Caddoan. See Southern Caddoan. 
Caddoan and Adaizan Languages 

compared 7: 46. 
Caddoan and Siouan early contact 

15: 187. 
Caddoan Family 

connection of, with Lower Missis- 
sippi Valley pottery 20: 102. 
connection of, with Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley pottery 20: 81. 
connection of, with Northwestern 

pottery 20: 187. 
mention of 7: 58-62. 
Caddoan Stock 

game of hoop and pole 24: 421. 
tribes composing the 14: 1092. 
tribes of the 24: 

Ankara 97, 461, 624, 657, 758. 

Caddo 98, 462 sq. 

Pawnee 99, 274, 386, 409, 463, 

625, 658, 730. 
Wichita 102, 276-281, 386, 470, 
625, 658, 730, 731, 804. 
See also Caddo; etc. 
Caddoan Tribes, history of the 28: 

Cadillac, on the Menomini 19: 1107. 
Cadodaquio, a Caddo synonym 14: 

1092. 
Cadrillo del Mundo, a Pima chief 

26: 21. 
Caduc, P., reservation for 18: 792. 
Caesalpiniaceae 33: 89. 
Cages 

for eagles, at Zuni 8:214. 

for fish 38: § 204 sq. 

method of manufacturing 38: §421. 

of wattle work 13: 13. 
Cagh-ben, meaning of 16: 245. 
Cahiaguas (Cahiguas; Caiawas), 

Kiowa .synonyms 17: 148. 
Cahinnio, custom of 42: 703. 



166 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Cahita 

methods of counting 19: 879. 
numbers above ten 19: 908. 
numbernamesof 19: 867,922,928. 
Cahogh day symbol discussed 16: 

259. 
Cahokia, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 664, 692, 742. 
Cahokia Mound 

efforts to preserve 41: 26. 
examination of 13: xxix. 
Cahokia Mound Group, airplane 

pictures of 41: 67. 
CahuUlo 

formation of number names in 19: 

879. 
number names of 19: 868, 876. 
numbers of 19: 929. 
Cahwia 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

782. 
See also Kahwea; Mission Indians; 
Tule Kiver Reserve. 
Caiastacana 

appearance of, in Pamiirti 21: 27. 
derivation of 21: 125. 
description of picture of 21 : 60. 
difference in designs of, and those of 
Hututu 21: 61. 
Caicara, Venezuela, sculptured rock 

near 10: 148. 
Caigua, a Iviowa syiionym 17: 148, 

156. 
Caihuas (Caiwas) a Iviowa synonym 

17: 148. 
CaUlouz, a Cayuse synonym 14: 

1092. 
Cairn Burial 

of the Acaxers and Yaquis 1: 143. 

of the Balearic Islanders 1 : 143. 

of the Blackfeet 1: 143. 

of the Eskimo 1: 143. 

of the Kiowas and Comanches 1: 

142, 148. 
of the Pi Utes 1 : 143. 
of the Shoshones 1: 143. 
reasons for 1: 143. 
Cairns 

in the Cherokee country 19: 20 sg., 

491. 
mention of 12:31; 38: § 779. 
Cajon, buildings of 23: xxx. 
Cajuenche 

language of the 26: 20. 
reference to the 28: 209. 



Cakchikel or Cakchiquel 

language, manuscript in 28: 12. 
method of forming numbers above 

ten 19: 899 sgq. 
numbernamesof 19: 862,863. 
Cakchiquel Calendar 

discussion of 22, i: 275-282. 
names of days of, table showing 22, 

i: 278. 
year of, number of days in 22, i: 
279-282. 
Cakes 

cassava, of Guiana Indians 38: 

§236. 
sacred 9: 518, 541, 547. 
Cakwa Cipikne. See Cipikne. 
Cakwabaiyaki, site of old Pima 

puclilo. 19: 601. 
Cakwabaiyaki Ruin. See Chevlon. 
Cakwahonati, description of 21: 95. 
Cakwalenya, religious society at Wal- 

pi, source of 19: 623. 
Cakwaleilya Altar 

at Mishongnovi, description of 19: 

991 sq. 
same as Blue Flute Altar 19: 989. 
Cakwalenya Society, personnel of 

19: 996. 
Calabash 

cups, vessels of 38: §384. 
flageolet of 38: §565. 
fruit for bait 38: §192. 
organ 38: §571. 
valuables hidden in 34: 62. 
See also Gourds. 
Caladium 

binas made from 30: 281 sq., 285. 
spirits associated with 30: 117,228, 

232. 
talismans from 30: 2S8. 
Caladium Arborescens 

bait for fish 38: § 188, 192. 
bait for manati 38: §169. 
employed in eye diseases 38: §927. 
einploved in sting-rav wounds 38: 
§ 929. 
Calako (Ca'lako) 

account of 47: 969-975. 
ceremonies, description of 47: 702- 

705. 
ceremonies, prayers and cliants of 

47: 706-781. 
identity of, with Macibol 21: 87. 
in Hopi mythology 17: 700. 
katcina, origin of 17: 660. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



167 



Calako (Ca'lako) — Continued 
masks of 21: 28. 
masks of, ceremony belonging to 

47: 970-973. 
masks of, identity of, with those of 

the Sun 21: 28. 
masks of, similarity of ancient masks 

to 21: 28, 109', 110. 
masks of, use of, in Pamurti festival 

21: 65. 
personation of, in PalUlukoiiti fes- 
tival 21: 49, .50. 
sun gods presented by 21: 110. 
Calako Horns, connection of, with 

those of the bison 21:110. 
Calako Taka, masks of, reference to 

19: 612. 
Calaloo 

berries used as bait 38: § 192. 
leaves of, eaten by natives 38: 
§234. 
Calamus 

mention of 33: 69. 
use of 44: 286, 320. 
See also Acorus calamus. 
Calanapo, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 784. 
Calandra Palmarum, grub of the 

beetk- eaten 38: § 224. 
Calapooia, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 796 sqq., 800, 814. 
Calapooia Creek, treaty of 18: 796, 

798. 
Calapooya 

hand game of the 24: 283 sq. 
population of the 7: 82. 
Calathea, use of, in manufacture of 

cassava squeezer 38: §345. 
Calaveras Cave, mention of 1: 128, 

129. 
Calchaqui 0/ Argentina, idol of 25: 

141. 
Caldron. See Pots. 
CaldweU County, N. C. 

mingling of wares in mounds of 20: 

137, 147. 
mounds in 5: 61-71. 
pottery from 20: 144. 
pottery from, resembling that of 
Yadkin Valley 20: 149. 
Caleebee Creek, battle of 19: 93. 
Calemba, name for loin cloth 38; 
§548, 550. 



Calendar 

ceremonial relating to, description of 

23: 124 sqq. 
determination of 29: 47. 
Maori, day deities in 16: 265. 
Maya 3: 10, 14; 16: xcv, xcvi. 
mention of 4: 127. 
Mexican 3: 32 sqq. 
Mexican and Mayan, publication of 

papers on 23: xxxviii. 
of Snake ceremonies 16: 275. 
of the Creeks 42: 400-403. 
of the Dakota Nation 4: 89. 
of the Eskimo 1 1 : 202. 
of the Hopi, ceremonial 21: 18-24. 
of the Kiowa, pictography of 14: 

906, 907, 909. 
of the Pima 26: 35-38. 
of the Tlingit 26: 425 sqq. 
of the Winnebago 37: 124 sg. 
of the Zuni, description of 23: 108. 
round in Mayan chronology, defi- 
nition of 22, i: 206. 
terms used in 27: 111. 
wheel, from book of Chilan Balan 

3: 53, 60. 
wheel, from book of Duran 3: 45. 
See also Calendars; Ceremonial 

Calendar. 
Calendar History 

of the Kiowa Indians 17: Lxiir 

sqq., Lxvii-Lxx, 129. 
of the Pima Indians 26: 38-66. 
Calendar Bounds 
Mayan 19: 693-819. 
Mayan, working tables of 19: 818. 
object of study of 19:700 s?. 
systems of, of different Central 

American tribes shown to be 

idential 19: 806-812. 
" Calendar Bound " Symbol, dis- 
covery concerning, by Goodman 

19: 712. 
Calendar Sticks of the Pima 26: 35 

sqq., 104 sq. 
Calendar System 

characterization of paper on Mayan, 

by Cyrus Thomas 22, i: xliii. 
examination of 15: xiii. 
Mayan 15: xx. 
Mayan, memoirs on 19: xli sq.; 

22, i: 197-305. 
Mayan, study of 15: xlvii. 
tabular view of 6: 270-274. 



168 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Calendar Tables of Mayan chrono- 
logical systems 22, i: 304 sq. 
Calendars 

aboriginal American 17: 141. 
aboriginal, historical value of 17: 

146. 
ICiowa, publication of paper on 

19: XXVI, XXIX. 
Kiowa, study of 17: xlix-li. 
pictographic symbols of the Sioux 

2: 279. 
probable use of shell disks as 2 : 268, 

273, 278. 
used by ancient Mexicans 2: 279. 
used by modern tribes 2: 279. 
See also Calendar. 
Calendric Inscriptions 15: 169. 
Calendric Terms in Mayan chronol- 
ogy, definition of 22, i: 204, 234. 
Calentura, fever 38: § 918. 
Calf (of the leg), in western Eskimo 

46: 246, 247, 250. 
Calhoun, — 

on Seneca town 19: 485. 

reply to Cherokee memorial by 19: 

115. 
reply to Georgia's protest by 19: 
116. 
Calhoun, James S. 
on Isleta 29: 529. 
on Jemez 29: 402. 
on Picuris 29: 193. 
on Poguate 29: 539. 
on Pojoaque 29: 334. 
on San Ildefonso 29: 305. 
on Sandia 29: 527. 
on Santo Domingo 29: 449. 
on Sia 29: 518. 
Calhou-n, John C. 

mention of letters to 42: 308, 315, 

329. 
on Cherokee civilization 5: 373, 374. 
report by, cited on attack of soldiers 
and Dakotas on Arikaras 4: 111, 
112. 
treats with Cherokee 5: 219. 
Calibites, a South American tribe 

25: 219. 
Caliche 

definition of 26: 87. 
description of 28: 82. 
Calico 

Eskimo clothing made of 18: 32. 



C alico — Continued 

Eskimo tobacco implements made of 

18: 28.5. 
piece of, buried deep 46: 65. 
California 

aboriginal game laws in 7: 42. 
American occupation of 26: 30 sq. 
areheological section of 12: 523. 
arrow chipping in 13: 138,140,142. 
arrowpoints from 13: 143. 
claim symbols 4: 159. 
collections from 20: xxiv. 
column in Civil War 26: 48, 50, 90. 
emigration to 26: 18 sq., 31 sq. 
exploration of Gulf of 14: 369, 514. 
explorations in 11: xxix; 27: 11. 
field work in 20: ix, x; 21; ix; 

22, i: xxxix; 23: xxxv. 
Ferre's exploration of the west coast 

of 14: 412. 
gesture signs iu petroglyphs of 

10: 637 sqq. 
grass weavers in 4: 78. 
linguistic diversity among Indians of 

20: xvii sqq. 
linguistic material collected in 23: 

xxxv. 
linguistic work in 10: xiv sq., 

XVI sq. 
linguistics of 26: xxvi. 
military post in 17: 382. 
milling apparatus used by natives of 

20: XV. 
mnemonic device in 4: SO, 81. 
natives of peninsula of 14: 514. 
office work on material from 20: ix, 

XIV, XVI sq. 
peninsula of, mistaken for an island 

14: 404, 486. 
petroglyphs in 10: 52-72. 
petrographs in 4: 30-33. 
pictographic land marks in 4: 61. 
pictographs in 4: 34, 59, 156 sq., 

182, 195, 198, 229, 234, 245. 
pottery from 4: 447. 
researches in 30: 11, 15. 
steatite burial urn from 1 : 138. 
steatite quarries in 15: 107. 
stone objects from, purchase of 

22, i: XXXIX. 
study of Indian tribes of 14: 

xxxvui; 15: lxxiii. 
tattooing of tribes of 4: 64. 



bonner;ea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



169 



California — Continued 
tribes of 26: 144, 164. 
war challenge of tribes of 4: 88. 
See also CaUfornia Indians; etc. 
California Indians 
bulletin on 42: 10. 
coloring matter used by 10: 221 
Datura used by 30: 47. 
emblems of royalty of 10: 633. 
Euphorbia used by 30: 51. 
face painting by 10: 619. 
Handbook of, by A. L. Kroeber, men- 
tion of 38: p. 17. 
medicine stones used by 13: 111. 
method of keeping accounts of 10: 

262 sg. 
mode of challenge of 10: 362. 
mode of collecting debts 10: 374. 
pictographs by, on feather blankets 

10: 207. 
population of 29: 13. 
preparation of manuscript on 36: 

27 sq. 
stone chipping by 13: 141, 173. 
stone mortar making by 13: 96. 
tattooing of 10: 406. 
Tewa name for 29: 573. 
use of bolas by 13: 95. 
use of perforated stones by 13: 98. 
use of smoking tubes by 13: 127. 
California Paiute, numbers of 19: 

923-929. 
California Tribes 

hand game of the 24: 267. 
influence of, in basketry 41: 375 

sg., 384. 
reference to 28: 102. 
research work among 25: x, xvii. 
social system of, based on language 

21: XXII. 
Calispel 

a synonym of Pend d'Oreilles 14: 

731. 
population of 7: 105. 
Calking, materials used for, in British 

Columbia 41: 147. 



1 Ojibwa jugglery 
§ 7.58, 759. 



Calkins. Hiram, 

14: 146. 
Call to Arms 31 
Cam 

day symbol discussed 16: 221. 
signification of 16: 221. 
Callicarpa Americana, medicinal use 
of 42: 6G3. 



Callirrhoe Involucrata 33: 103. 
Calloway, Capl. William P., e.\pedi- 

tion of 26: 4S. 
Calls 
for birds 38: § 180. 
for decoying seals 9: 253 sg. 
Calochortus macrocarpus 45: 481, 

4S3. 
Caltha Palustris 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 

medicinal properties of 44: 300. 

u.se of 44: 288, 340, 348, 354, 360. 

Caltha RotundifoUa 45:467. 

Caluga Province, localization of 42: 

39. 
CaluQa Tribe, confused with Calu^a 

province 42: 39. 
Calumet 

carried in war parties 42: 435. 
ceremonial smoking of 42: 535 sq., 

537. 
ceremonial use of, among Algonkiaa 

tribes 7: 153. 
ceremonial use of, by tribes of Upper 

Missouri 46: 446 sg. 
deposited in sanctuary 42: 184. 
precedence in smoking 42: 537,542. 
See also Pipe. 
Calumet Dance. 

a peace ceremonial 42: 703. 
mention of 3: 376-382. 
Calumet Pipe 

mention of 3: 277 sgq.; 4: 104. 
reference to 27: 207. 
Calusa 

a lost language 42: 678. 
customs of 42: 702. 
origin, sand burial mounds of 48: 4. 
Calvatia Craniformis, use of 44: 

288, 356. 
Calvatia Cyathaformis 33: 62. 
Calvert, Cecil. See Baltimore, Lord. 
Calvert, Leonard, purcha.se of land by 

18: 569. 
Calverton Manor, establishment of 

18: 573. 
Calypso, use of 45: .506. 
Camas 35: 893. 
Camas Prairie, a famous digging 

ground 45: 341. 
Camas Koots 

grounds for digging 45: 341. 
preparation of, for food 45: 92 sq. 
use of 45: 481. 



170 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Camassia Esculenta, used medici- 
nally 42: 667. 
Cama-Zo'tz in Central American njy- 

thology 16: 225. 
Cambiaso, Senor — , on certain zend 

25: 38. 
Cambium Layer of Trees, used as 

food 45: 91, 48.3. 
Camel Back Mountain in Pima my- 
thology 26: 381. 
Camelelpoma 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

816. 
Sec also Porno. 
Cameron, — 

attempt to seize 19: 48. 
encounter between Williamson's 

force and 19: 50. 
Interception of letter to 19: 47. 
raid led by 19: 48. 
Cameron, J. 46: 2.36, 237, 313. 
Cameron, V. Lovett, cited on African 

customs 9: 494, 514, 515. 
Carney day symbol discussed 16: 

231. 
C amino Real, The 

history of Texas section 42: 831 

sqq. 
mention of 42: S2S-833. 
route of 42: 823, 830 sg. 
various names of 42: 830. 
Camo, a dance of the Otomac 38: 

§594. 
Camp 

Indian life in 46: 508 sqq. 
organization of the 46: 440, 446. 
signals for 1: 532, 539. 
See also Camps; etc. 
Camp Apache, establishment of re- 
serve at 18: 854. 
Camp Circle 

of the Coeur d'Alene 45: 155. 
of the Kiowa 17: 228. 
Camp Fire Girls 

publications sent to 47: 12. 
recjuests for information from the 
34: 28. 
Camp Followers 38: § 761. 
Camp Grant 

discontinuance of reserve at 18: 

860. 
establishment of reserve at 18: 854. 
Camp Henry Military Reserve, addi- 
tion to Malheur Reserve 18: 902. 



Camp Holmes 

location of 17: 171. 
treaty at, in 1835 17: 169. 
Camp Hualapai, references to ) 

186, 206, 211. 
Camp Moultrie 

cession of reserves made by treaty 

18: 748. 
treaty of 18: 704. 
Camp Sites, occurrence of pottery 

20: 23. 
Camp Stevens, treaties of 18: I 

sqq. 
Camp Supply, establishment of 

187. 
Camp Tippecanoe, treaty of 

738. 
Camp Verde 

discontinuance of reserve at 



established and abandoned 13: 185: 
establishment of reserve at 18: 

854. 
ruins in the vicinity of 17: 534. 
Camp Wright Military Reserve, ad- 
dition to Round Valley Reserve of 
18: 886. 
Campanula Rotundifolia, use of 44: 

288, 362. 
Campanulaceae 33: 129. 
Campbell, Col. Arthur 

defeat of Ferguson by 19: 57. 
expedition under, in 1780-1781 19: 

57 sq. 
on British agents and Tories at 

Chickamauga 19: 55. 
on Chickamauga band 19: 54. 
On Nancy Ward 19: 204. 
On Sevier's expedition of 1781 19: 
59. 
Campbell, Charles, cjuoted on Vir- 

ginia'a Indian policy 18: 567. 
Campbell, David, surveyor of Chero- 
kee Ijoundary line 5: 165. 
Campbell, Donald, at Detroit in 1761 

14: 17. 
Campbell, Duncan G 

commissioner to extinguish Indian 

title in Georgia 5: 233. 
extracts from letters of 42: 308 
sg., 315, 329. 
Campbell, Frank, account of Tavibo- 
bv 14: 702. 



bonnebjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



171 



Campbell, George, cliff-houses dis- 
covered by 17: 533. 
Campbell, J., translation of Daven- 
port tablets by 12: 635. 
Campbell, John, on burial songs 1: 

195. 
Campbell, John P., on wild rice in 

Georgiii 19: 1029. 
Campbell, William, line between 
Virginia and Cherokee lands 
surveyed by 5: 156. 
Campbell's Creek, W. Va., picto- 

graph on 4: 22. 
Camping 

mode of, among the Dakota 15: 

215. 
of the prairie tribes 14: 1073. 
Camping Circle 
of the Arapaho 14: 956. 
of the Cheyenne 14: 1026. 
of the Kansa 15: 230. 
of the Kiowa 14: 1080. 
of the Oglala 15: 221. 
of the Omaha 15: 226. 
of the Osage 15: 233. 
of the Ponka 15: 228. 
of the Sioux 14: 1058. 
of the Sisseton 15: 217. 
of the Sisseton and Wahpeton 15: 

216. 
of the Sitca-xu 15: 219. 
Camping Day, observance of 42: 

554. 
Campion, in Cherokee lore 19: 420. 
Campo, Andreas do 

Portuguese companion of Padilla 14: 

400. 
remains in Quivira 14: 529, 535. 
return of, to New Spain 14: 401, 
544. 
Camps 

about busk ground 42: 190. 
ceremonial arrangement of 36: 69. 
native, Yukon 46: 40, 46, 53, 130. 
of the Eskimo 18:260-263. 
permanent and temporary 3 1 : 408. 
summer, in Alaska 46: 182. 
See also Camp; etc. 
Camudi 

babraeote and, legend of 30: 261. 
beliefs concerning 30: 370. 
burning of, to cause rain 30: 267. 
Caribs descended from 30: 143 sg. 
identification of 30: 241 sq. 
95710°— 33 12 



Camudi — Continued 

legends concerning 30: 239, 243, 

250; 
star named for 30: 261 sq. 
stench of 30: 370. 
Camudu, boa constrictor, in basketry 

pattern 38: § 444. 
Camuirro, an edible plant 38: §247. 
Can day symbol discus.sed 16: 229. 
Caiia Brava. Sec Arrow Poison. 
Canada 

explorations in 11: xli. 
field work in 22, i: ix, xiii. 
Iroquoian ware of 20: 21, 169 sqq. 
linguistic work in 10: xvii. 
Orilla, fish found near 12: .549. 
petroglyphs in 10: 37-45. 
researches in 11: xxx. 
resemblance of Northwestern pottery 

to that of 20: 194. 
wild rice in 19: 1037. 
Canada de las Uvas, expedition to 

43: 9. 
Canada Mint, use of 45: 502. 
Canada National Museum 46: 

2.55. 
Canadian Arctic Expedition 46: 

236. 
Canadian Indians, (|uill pictographs 

of 10: 207. 
Canadian Institute 

acknowledgments to 20: 16. 
collection of Iroquoian pottery by 
20: 170. 
Canadian River 

crossed by Coronado 14: 397, 504. 
journey of Alvarado along 14: 391, 

576." 
Upper towns on 42: 333. 
Canaigre 

mention of 33: 77. 
uses of 26: 77, 80. 
Canal Systems, Prehistoric, survey 

of 47: 10. 
Canals 

for irrigation, used by Pueblo Indi- 
ans, remains of 22, i: 178. 
in Pima mythology 26: 215, 
mention of 12: 32, 593. 
See also Irrigation. 
Canandaigua. .See Konondaigua. 
Canary Islands 

petroglyphs in 10: 183 sqq. 



172 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Canary Islands — Contiiuied 

pictograjjhs of, compared with those 
of CaHfornia 10: 58, 59. 
Canasagua, De Soto's visit to 19: 

26, 197. 
Canawagas, reservation of land at 

18: 658. 
Canby, General—, death of 17: 196. 
Cancer Boot, used in ceremonies 30: 

61. 
Cancy, a Kiowa .synonym 17: 245. 
Candelabrum Tree 38: § 287. 
Candelaria 

clan symbol of 17: 165*. 
face painting by 17: 166*. 
portrait of 17: 164*. 
Candelario, J. S., reference to 29: 

283. 
Candle-Fly, story of 30: 277. 
Candles used in Shalier ceremony 

14: 755, 761, 762. 
Candy, John, printer of the Cherokee 

"Phoenix" 19: 111. 
Cane 

Indian use of 19: 490. 

tubes used for carrying water 4: 

482. 
use of 42: 688, 689,690,692. 
See also Carrizal; Canes. 
Cane-blowing People 

a Blue Corn divi.sion 47: 712. 
officials of 47: 272. 
Cane Cactus, use of 30: 69, 95. 
Cane Cigarettes. See Cigarettes. 
Cane Clan 

affiliations of the 42: 122. 
native names for 42: 116. 
Cane Game 

of Pima legend 28: 52. 
of the Hopi 24: 164 sq. 
Cane Matting 

specimens of 41: 571. 
.See also Matting, Cane. 
Cane Sticks, for cord making 38: §53, 

54. 
Canel day symbol discussed 16: 235. 
Canes 

as fetishes 47: 279. 

as symbols of office 47: 60, 251 sq. 

gaming, from Chevlon, cuts showing 

22, i: 101. 
possible use of sections of, as pipes 
20: 172. 



Canes — Continued 

use of, in house building 20: 37. 
used for fish spears 13: 142. 
used for matting 13: 18. 
Zuni dice game 24: 210. 
See also Cane. 
Canes Sepulchrales 1: 104. 
Caiiete, trephined crania from 16: 

13, 14. 
Caney Fork, fortified town on 42: 

836. 
Caneys, prehistoric Cuban mounds 

25: 82. 
Canfield, W. H. 

intaglio mounds discovered by 37: 

90. 
plat by, of Man Mound 37: 102. 
Cangleska Luta, material made by 

24: 434. 
Canine Fossae, Eskimo 46: 264. 
Canis Azare, indigenous dog of Briti.sh 

Guiana 38: § 717. 
Canker Lettuce, medicLnal use of 

43: 264. 
Cankuke Di 

Tlingit clan, history of 26: 410. 
Tinglit clan, phratry and tribe of 
26: 398, 399. 
Cannibal 

attendants of 35: 856, 861. 

ceremonial of 35: 1167. 

dances of 35: 1240. 

excitement of 35: 1070. 

head mask 35: 1174. 

mask of 35: 1148. 

origin of 31: 353 sq. 

pacification of 35:1071,1073. 

Rivers Inlet, ceremony of 35 : 1 176. 

story of 31: 350-3.53. 

woman becomes, by tasting her own 

blood 32: 464. 
See also Cannibalism; etc. 
Cannibal and Shaman, a ceremonial 

35: 739. 
Cannibal - at - North - End - of- 

World 35: 856. 
Cannibal Ceremonial 35: 741,742. 
Cannibal Cry 35: 739, 740. 
Cannibal Cult, of the Plains Ojibwa 

43: 193. 
Cannibal Dance 

introduction of, among the Nak ! wax"- 
da'x" 35: 1011. 



bonnerjea] 



STTBJECT INDEX 



173 



Cannibal Dance — Continued 

mention of 35: 848, 850, 856, 860, 
895, 909, 917, 929, 935, 1000, 
1001, 1004, 1005, 1017, 1018, 
1035, 1374. 
put away permanently 35: 862. 
Cannibal Dancer 

and companions 35: 1237. 

attendants of 35: 848. 

eats feast 35: 855. 

mention of 35: 275, 753, 959, 982, 

1007, 1081, 1084. 
pacification of 35: 937. 
performance of 35: 1008, 1010. 
purification of 35: 1009. 
slave killed for 35: 1017. 
Cannibal Masks 35: 1000. 
Cannibal Pole 35: 856. 
Cannibal Spirit 

house of 35: 1224, 1233. 
killing of 35: 1230-1233. 
mentiun of 35: 1209. 
Cannibal Tamer 35:1081,1084. 
Cannibal Whistle 35: 1070. 
Cannibalism 

among the Carib Indians 30: 273. 
envoys eaten, Winnebago 37: 54. 
evidence of, in Alabama 44: 442, 

444, 445. 
in Menomini myth 14: 168, 194, 

229. 
in time of famine, Assiniboin 46: 

523, 584. 
indications of, among Winnebago 

37: 218, 219. 
myths concerning 19: 247, 349 sq., 

483, 501. 
object of 30: 149-158. 
of the .American Indians 3: 272. 
of the Eskimo 11: 187. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: § 768- 

773. 
of the Porto Rican natives 25: 50, 

72. 
of theSeri 17: 56, 117, 119. 
of the Tonkawa 17: 199. 
practice of, by Southeastern tribes 

42: 705, 712 sq. 
spirits guilty of 30: 177-181. 
See also Cannibal; etc.; Devouring 
the Dead. 
Canoe 

as a marriage gift 35: 777. 
birch-bark, collection of 15: xxvi. 



Canoe — Continued 

birch-bark, used in wild rice harvest 

19: 1056-1070. 
bottom boards of 35: 96. 
care of 35: 94^97. 
controlled by song 32: 146. 
creation of 32: 568. 
diminutive, swallowing of 32: .5<39. 
dug out, collection of 15: xxxi. 
for cassava 38: § 344. 
having magic power 32: 247, 407. 
landing of 35: 193. 
loading of 35: 192. 
magically enlarging, for use 32: 

362. 
making of 13: 72; 32: 163. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: § 792- 

797. 
princess placed in the middle of 

31: 407. 
propelled by wild geese 32: 706, 

712, 713. 
protected against spirits 35: 615. 
runway for 35: 96, 97. 
saihng through the air 32: 225, 

391. 
use of, in picking berries 35: 206, 

210, 211, 215, 216, 218, 219. 
u.sed as feast dish 35: 769, 772. 
used for hunting trips 31: 407. 
white flint, power to restore life 

32: 304. 
See also Canoes; etc. 
Canoe Birch 33: 75. 
Canoe Builder 

customs of 35: 615. 
making a successful 35: 697. 
Canoe Burial 

in ground 1: 112. 

of Santa Barbara 1: 112. 

of Clallam 1: 173, 174. 

of Twana 1: 171, 173. 

of the Mosquito Indians 1: 112, 

113. 
Canoe Fight, description of 42 : 440 

sq. 
Canoe Indians, an Assiniboin band 

46: 430. 
Canoe-shaped Vessels 44: 86 sq. 
Canoes 

as tribute to chief 35: 1338. 

birch-bark 23: xxxi. 

birch-bark, on the Yukon 46: 55, 

83. 



174 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Canoes — Continued 

birch-bark, study of Indian use of 

22, i: XXII sq. 
burials in 14: 239. 
construction of 42: 689. 
description of 45: 248, 349 sq. 
four, in marriage ceremonial 35: 

1004. 
method of construction of 34: 105; 

45: 108. 
mystic origin of 14: 126. 
of the Antilleans 25: 207 sqq., 217. 
of the Cherokee 19: 496. 
of the Eskimo 18: 218-222. 
of the Menomini 14: 292. 
of the Nenenot 1 1 : 304. 
of the Winnebago 37: 123. 
reference to 27: 72, 81. 
self-paddling 35: 1221, 1222. 
superterrene and aerial burial in 

1: 171. 
use of 46: 579. 
value of, in trade 41: 158. 
varieties of 42: 744. 
war, preparation of 35: 1369. 
wooing 35: 1029, 1051, 1065. 
See also Boats; Canoe; etc. 
Canoes and Houses, burial in 1: 

Canonicus 

character of 18: 621. 
salecf land by 18: 619-622. 
Canos. See Cofitachiqui. 
Canotidan, description of 11: 473. 
Canstatt, — , cited 30: 47. 
Cantaloupes 

ill Tusayan ceremonies 16: 280. 
introduction of, into Pueblo country 

14: 550. 
used by Indians as food 14: 516. 
Canteens 

collection of Indian 3: 528-543. 
from Pueblo ruin.s, forms of 22, i: 

64. 
of the Eskimo 9: 86. 
Cantero, Dr. Calixto Romero, on 
three-pointed stones 25: 129 sq. 
Can't-hold-it, Biank'i's version of 

14: 910. 
Cantina, acknowledgment to 30: 38. 
Cantwell River 46: 125. 
Canup, W. T., acknowledgment to 
19: 13. 



Canvas, Eskimo transportation appa- 

tus made from 18:206,217. 
Canville, treaty of 18: 836. 
Cany Branch of Cumberland River, 

compound va.se from 20: 138. 
Canyon de Chelly 
accessibility of 16: 85. 
arm of 23: 18. 
cliff dweUings in 8: 217; 13: 254, 

348; 28: 219. 
circular kivas of 8: 117,133. 
collection from 2: 419. 
doorway described and figured 8: 

190. 
early occupancy of, by the Bear 

people of Tusayan 8: 20. 
exploration of 5: xxv; 15: i,xxi. 
finish of roofs of houses of 8: 150, 

151. 
home of Asa clan 8:30; 19:610. 
kivas in 13: 257. 
location of 16: 84. 
memoir on chfT ruins of 16: 73-198. 
petroglyphs in 4: 28,37,155; 10: 

96. 
pottery of 4: 293, 319; 28: 139, 
proposed study of ruins of 8: 14. 
specimens from 24: 328, 717, 751. 
Tusayan tradition concerning villages 

of" 8: 19. 
use of whitewash in cliff houses of 

circular kivas of 8: 74, 145. 
See also Chelly Canyon; Cliff 
Dwellings; Mindeleff, Cosmos. 
Canyon del Muerto 
location of 16: 85. 
repairs to tower in 42: 5 sq. 
ruins in, description of 16: 81; 
23: 18. 
Canyon Diablo, ruins in 28: 13. 
Canyon of the Colorado, visited by 

the Spaniards 14: 390, 489. 
Canyon Segy, Ariz., petroglyphs in 

10: 50. 
Caonabo, a Porto Rican cacique 25: 

32, 39, SO, 81. 
Cap Boxes of the Eskimo 18:164. 
Capacity, Intellectual, of the Indian 

46: 593-602. 
Capak, definition of 16:262. 
Cape Breton 

ethnoL.gic studies in 21: xi. 
reference to 28: 290. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



175 



Cape Darby 

carving of mythic animal from 18: 

446. 
dance at 18: 357. 
description of villages near 18: 2.52 

sq. 
hospitality of people of 18: 296. 
implements and utensils from 18: 
65, 80 sg., 83, 84, 93, 100, 101, 107, 
111, 124, 141, 142, 149, 1.50, 1.57, 
159, 170, 172, 190. 
tobacco implements from 18: 285. 
transportation appartus from 18: 
212, 215. 
Cape Denbigh, transportation appara- 
tus from 18: 225. 
Cape Espenberg 
camp at 18: 260. 
hunting implements from 18: 127. 
observations of E. W. Nelson at 18: 

299. 
people of 18: 26. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 
221. 
Cap)© Flattery, customs at 3: 107- 

111. 
Cape Fox Indian. See Sanya, tribe. 
Cape Fox Village, excavations at 43 : 

13. 
Cape Girardeau, settlement of Dela- 

wares and Shawano at 19: 99. 
Cape Girardeau Shawnee and Dela- 
ware, treaty with 18: 740. 
Cape Girardeau Tract, cession of 18: 

724. 
Cape Krusenstern, transportation 

apparatus from 18: 221. 
Cape Lisburne 

graveyard at 18: 322. 
observation of E. W. Nelson at 18: 

299. 
people of 18: 26. 
summer camp at 18: 262. 
Cape Masurado, African knife from 

4: 243. 
Cape Nome 

ceremonial objects from 18: 416. 
description of village at 18: 253 aq. 
game observed at 18: 334. 
graves and grave boxes at 18: 

320. 
hospitality of people of 18: 295. 



Cape Nome — Continued 

implements and utensils from 18: 

66 sq., 75, 82 .sgg., 89, 92 sqq., 106, 

111, 127, 131, 140, 142, 145, 147 

.'iqq., 151, 162 sqq., 173, 176-179, 

180, 190-194. 
ornaments from 18: 59, 60 sq. 
people of 18: 26. 
tobacco implements from 18: 275, 

282, 283. 
toys from 18: 334. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 

210, 215, 218, 227, 228. 
Cape Nome Crania 

basiofacial diameters 46: 279-282. 
dental arch 46: 276. 
facial 46: 266. 
facial angles 46: 285. 
means 46: 286. 
mention of 46: 257, 262, 263. 
nose 46: 268, 270. 
orbits 46: 274. 
Cape Nome Sites 46: 90. 
Cape Prince of Wales 

character of people of 18: 301 sq. 
clothing from 18: 35 sq. 
description of villages at 18: 257. 
implements from 18: 77 sq., 80, 

92, 101, 107, 108, 113, 115, 130, 

132, 144, 149, 159, 173, 177, 188. 
ornaments from 18: 61. 
people of 18: 26. 
tobacco implements from 18: 282, 

284. 
toys from 18: 341. 
trading voyages by people of 18: 

230, 231. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 

226. 
visit of E. W. Nelson to 18: 20, 

302. 
Cape Komanzof 

ceremonial objects from 18: 397 

sqq., 405 sq. 
description of villages near 18: 

249. 
people of 18: 26, 27. 
visit of E. W. Nelson to 18: 19. 
Cape Thompson, summer camp at 

18: 262. 
Cape Vancouver 

carvings of mythic animals from 

18: 447, 448. 

ial objects from 18: 396. 



176 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Cape Vancouver — Continued 

clothing from 18: 35. 

description of villages near 18: 251. 

implements and utensils from 18: 
67, 72, 76, 94, 103, 106, 107, HI, 
136, 137, 140 sqg., 144, 147, 155, 
156, 159, 161, 164, 165, 189, 191, 
192. 

language of people of 18:25. 

manufactures from 18: 199. 

memorial images at 18: 351. 

musical instruments from 18: 351. 

ornaments from 18: 54 sqq., 61 

people of 18: 26, 27. 

shamanistic rites witnessed at 18: 
432. 

tobacco implements of 18: 275. 

transportation apparatu.s from 18: 
227. 

visit of E. W. Nelson to 18: 19. 
Cape Wankarem, ruins at 18: 265 

sg. 
Capes 

Belcher 46: 169. 

Blossom 46: 204. 

Cliibukak 46: 91. 

Denbigh 46: 196, 217. 

description of 45: 231. 

Krusenstem 46: 99, 204. 

Lisburne, Eskimo 46: 215. 

Lisburne, skull 46: 232, 233. 

Lombard 46: 105. 

Nome 46: 197. 

Nome, sites near 46: 90. 

Prince of Wales 46: 93, 197. 

Riley 46: 119. 

Rodney 46: 198. 

Romanzof 46: 190, 195. 

Romanzof, Eskimo 46: 225. 

Smythe (Barrow) Eskimo 46: 225. 

Stephens 46: 126, 127, 195. 

Thompson, Eskimo 46: 228. 

Vancouver, Eskimo 46: 225, 226. 

Wankarem 46: 168, 170, 171, 211. 

Wooley 46: 197. 
Capetlan. See Capothan. 
Capital 

consideration of 20: LXX. 

investment of 20: lxx. 
Capital Towns, rating of 42: 307 sq. 
Capitan Grande Reserve, establish- 
ment of 18: 884. 



Capote Ute 

land cessions and reservations 18: 
848, 892, 894. 

number names of 19: 870,929. 
Capothan, province of New Spain 

14: 529. 
Capotlan or Capotean, Indians from, 

accompanying Padilla 14: 592. 
Caprifoliaceae 33: 115. 
Capron, — , ethnologic specimens col- 
lected by 18: 192. 
Capron, Captain — , troops under, at 

Pine Ridge 14: 850. 
Caps 

designs on 41: 360. 

for women 45: 76, 235. 

made of fur 45: 73, 235. 

made of grass, vogue of 41 : 139. 

of the Eskimo 18: 32 sqq., 288. 

woven 41: 354 s?.; 45: 225 s?. 
Capsicum, Peppers 

at Parishara dance 38: § 587, 591. 

burnt in warfare 38: § 764. 

cultivation of 38: § 246. 

stimulant in headache 38: § 289. 

used in eye diseases 38: § 927. 
Captain on islands 38: § 741. 
Captain Dick, account of Ghost dance 

by 14: 784. 
Captain Pipe's Village, grant of land 

including 18: 688. 
Captive Dance, mention of 47: 205. 
Captive Songs 

examples of 27: 427-431. 

reference to 27: 603. 
Captives 

adoption of 15: cxii; 42: 167. 

among the Kiowa 17: 173 sq., 
181, 234, 236. 

among the Omaha, treatment of 
3: 312, 332. 

assimilation of 42: 79, 167. 

attitude toward 42: 343. 

become slaves 14:35; 31:499. 

burning of 42: 167, 189, 437. 

dance at death of 37: 384. 

disposition of 42: 423, 427. 

Eskimo disposal of 18: 328 sq. 

Kiowa, surrender of 17: 180, 189. 

mutilation of 42: 705. 

the property of the captor 42: 343. 

torture of 17: 203; 42: 189, 416 
sqq. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



177 



Captives — Continued 

treatment of 27: 603; 41: 544; 

45: 158, 190 sq., 407; 46: 551, 

552, 553. 
Captor, another name of Sitting Bull 

14: 896. 
Capture 

absence of, in Seri marriages 17: 

285* 
association of wares through 20: 

139. 
sign for 1 : 506. 
Capture of Novice 35: 747. 
Capture of Wife among Guiana 

Indians 38: § 872. 
Capuna Indians, carvings by 30: 

140. 
Caqanyi'. See Mountain Dweller. 
Caquima, identified with K'j'akime 

13: 236. 
Cara Pintada, Mexico 10: 131. 
Caracamata Seeds, used for bait 38: 

§ iss. 

Caracoli 

chest ornament 38: § 537. 
symbol of authority 38: §751. 
Caracolis, description of, by Labat 

34: 230 sq. 
Carafes. See Bottles. 
Caraids, verification of death 1: 146. 
"Carankouas," a part of the Attaka- 

Ijan family 7: 57. 
Carapa Guinasis 

medium for painting 38: § 512. 

oil made from 38: § 25. 

oil, for anointing the body 38: 

§ 511, 933. 
seeds, used as bait 38: § 188, 192. 
timber used for boats 38: § 794. 
Carapaces of turtles from Pueblo 

ruins, description of 22, i: 95. 
Carbajal, death of Spaniard named 

14: .500. 
Carbet, haU, common room, etc., of 
the Cayenne and Island Carib 
38: § 807, 811, 931. 
Carcajou Mounds, location of 37: 

99. 
Card Catalogue of hieroglyphs 1: 

223. 
Card Games 

among the Eskimo 11: 255; 18: 

330 sq. 
now forgotten 45: 130. 



Cardenas, Diego Lopez de, name of, 
given by Mota I'adilla 14: 477. 
Cardenas, Garcia Lopez 

accident to 14: 505, 577. 

appointment of, as captain 14: 
477. 

at Tiguex 14: 492. 

confusion of, with Urrea 14: 489. 

Coronado protected by, at Cibola 
14: 483, 557, 573. 

death of brother of 14: 530. 

Indians interviewed by 14: 555, 
556. 

Indian village attacked by 14: 496. 

preparations for winter quarters by 
14: 576. 

recalled to Spain 14: 399, 578, 583. 

succeeds Samaniego as field-master 
14: 388. 

treachery of Indians toward 14: 
498. 

visits Colorado River 14: Lvii, 390, 
489, 574. 

visits Tusayan in 1540 17: 595. 
Carder, Peter, on labrets of Rio de la 

Plata 3: 83. 
Cardinal Birds 29: 43. 
Cardinal Colors 29: 42 sq. 
Cardinal Corn Maidens 29: 43. 
Cardinal Directions 

Hopi pets of the 15: 266. 

invocations to 15: 269, 289. 

of the Hopi 15: 2.58. 

of the Tewa 29: 41 sq. 

of the Zuni 13: 355. 

sacred regard of the 15: 183. 

See also Cardinal Points. 
Cardinal Flower 

in Cherokee lore 19: 424. 

mention of 33: 129. 

used in medicine 30: 56. 
Cardinal Mammals 29: 43. 
Cardinal Mountains 29: 44, 513, 

514, .560. 
Cardinal Points 

animals belonging to 21: 25. 

assignment of colors to 3: 41-46. 

assignment of days to 3: 37-40. 

association of, with colors 1 1 : 397. 

beliefs concerning 11:377,524. 

birds symbolic of the 16: 220. 

bowl buried according to 41: 537. 

circuit of 47: 132. 

colors applied to 42: 623 sq. 



178 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



14: 823. 
treating the sick 



ies 16: 257 



Cardinal Points — Continued 

colors attributed to 10: 623-626. 
colors of, corresponding to those of 

rain-cloud symbols 21: x, 47. 
colors symbolic of 30: 40, 64. 
corn symbolic of 16: 291. 
fires at 41: 506 sq. 
fires at, in Ghost dance 14: 915. 
importance of, in Snake ceremonies 

19: 972, 974. 
in Ghost dance 14: 789. 
in Hopi ceremony 17: 613, 628, 

678. 
in Potawatomi myth 14: 209. 
in religious rites 39: 309. 
in Sioux 
observance of, 

42: 624. 
observed in 

277. 
of the Navaho 17: 488, 500, 502, 

508, 511. 
offerings to 37: 429. 
place of, in religion 41: 537. 
plants ascribed to 30: 37 sq. 
recognition of, in Flute ceremonies 

19: 1003, 1004. 
representation of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 103. 
significance of 42: 623, 624. 
smoke offering to 14: 918, 1063. 
snakes deposited at 16: 285, 295. 
societies of the 11: 70. 
songs of, in curing disease 47: 110. 
supphcation to the 11: 124. 
symbolized by colors 16: 287, 291. 
symbols for 3: 7-64. 
symbols of, in the Maya codices 

16: 234, 242, 257, 263. 
winds symbolic of 16: 232. 
worship of fire god at 21: 96. 
See also Cardinal Directions; 
Directions; Winds, Four. 
Cardinal Sacred Water Lakes 29: 

44 sq. 
Cardinal Shells 29: 44. 
Cardinal Snakes 29: 43. 
Cardinal Trees 29: 44. 
Cardinals, luniurah, Unalit, table of 

18: 238 .v(/. 
Cardona, Antonio Serrano. See 

Serrano. 
Cards, mention of 3: 341. 
Care of Baskets 41: 196. 



Carex Rostrata 45: 514. 

Carex sp. 45: 515. 

Carey, a synonym for Menomini 

19: 1048. 
Cargua, a Kiowa synonym 17: 148, 

1.50. 
Caria Seeds, eaten bv Guiana Indians 

38: § 247. 
Cariacou 

number of specimens from 34: 49. 

pottery of 34: 118. 
Carib 

affinities of Timaguana with 7: 
123. 

allies of Aguebana the Second 25: 
40. 

amulets of the 25:132,142,147. 

basketry of the 25:213. 

cannibalism among the 25: 50. 

canoes of the 25: 207 sqq. 

cassava used by the 25: 53. 

character of the 25: 27 sq. 

culture of the 25: xii sq. 

festivals of the 25: 65. 

fishing among the 25; 49. 

habitat of the 25: 24. 

houses of the 25: 47. 

influence of, on southern art 15: 

XXXVII, XLII. 

language of the 25: 78. 
medicine-men of the 25: 60 sq. 
method of forming numerals 19: 

914. 
mortuary customs of the 25: 58, 

71 sq., 213 sq. 
name for priests 25: 54. 
origin and migrations of the 25: 

90, 217 sqq. 
physical features of the 25: 30 

sq., 142, 213. 
pictographs of the 25: 159. 
polygamy among the 25: 48. 
raids on Porto Rico 25: 28, 40, 97. 
relationship with the Borinquenos 

25: 20. 
slavery among the 25: 25. 
stone implements of the 25: 92. 
turtle associated with the 25: 197. 
voyages of the 25: 207 sq. 
weapons of the 25: 209. 
zemis of the 25: 58. 
See also Carib Indians. 
Carib Indians 

a nomadic people 34: 52. 



bonneiuea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



179 



Carib Indians — Continued 

abbreviation for name 30: 107. 
amativeness, expressions of 30: 

163 sq. 
artifacts of 34: 55. 
as to origin of man 30: 141, 143. 
assigned to tiie Lesser Antilles 34: 

65. 
beliefs of, as to dreams 30: 165. 
beUefs of, as to spirits 30: 163, 

167, 177, 179. 
binas 30: 283 sg., 285. 
Black, origin of 34: 89. 
boy 's escape from 30: 273 sg. 
burial customs of 30: 156-160,299. 
cannibalism of 30: 273. 
comets, beliefs regarding 30: 259. 
couvade, practice and prevalence of 

30: 320-324. 
culture epoch of 34: 56. 
eclipses among 30: 258 sq. 
figliting women of 30: 365. 
food of 30: 295 sq., 352. 
iiihal)itants of Lesser Antilles sub- 
merged by 34: 52, 88, 261. 
invasion of Lesser Antilles by 34: 

254 sq., 267. 
islands inhabited by 34: 51, 52, 88. 
legends of 30: 129, 130, 133 sqq., 

146 sq., 152, 179 sq., 181, 205, 211, 

218 sq., 223, 248 sq., 265, 323, 378 

sq. 
marriage customs of 30: 314. 
menstruating women among 30: 

309. 
modeling of 30: 140. 
names of 30: 306, 307. 
natal customs of 30: 319, 320 sqq., 

323, 324. 
not pottery makers 34: 56. 
omens prevalent among 30: 271. 
ordeals of 30: 278, 309 sg., 339. 
origin of 30: 143-146. 
poisons of 30: 359. 
protection against spirits 30: ISO 

sq., 298 sg. 
puberty customs of 30: 309-312. 
religious beliefs of 30: 117, 136, 

139. 
sails invented by 30: 125. 
settlements of, in Porto Rico 34: 

171. 
sickness among 30: 349,351,353. 
stars, beliefs as to 30: 260. 



Carib Indians — Continued 

still living in Dominica 34: 124. 
storms feared by 30: 290 sg. 
survival among, of older customs 

and objects 34: 52. 
theory concerning 34: 77 sq. 
war with Arawak Indians 30: 383 

sg. 
words taboo among 30: 253. 
Sec also Carib; and various Carib 
tribal names. 
Carib Pottery, meaning of the term 

34: 261. 
Carib Stones, where found 34: 93. 
Caribbean 
art, study of importation of 21: x, 

xiit. 
designs, resemblance of South .Appa- 
lachian stamp designs to 20: 134, 
135. 
influence in Florida 16: lvii. 
ware, Gulf Coast ware suggesting 
20: 110 sgg. 
Caribbean Sea 

location and extent of 25: 21. 
pictographs of 4: 40. 
Caribbeans. See Carib; etc. 
Carbisce CUff, legend of 30: 238. 
Carica Papaya 38: § 85. 
Caries, among the Pima 26: 268. 
Carignan, — , on movements of Sitting 

Bull 14: 855. 
Carijona Indians, modeling among 

30: 140. 
Carinepagotos, a nation of Trinidad 

34: 64. 
Carisa Plain, Calif. 

Carson River, petroglvphs on 10: 

92. 
petroghphs in 10: 68. 
pictographs of the 4: 36. 
Carise land cessions and reservations 

18: 782. 
Carizo, Ariz., ruins near, mention of 

22, i: 19. 
Carleton, Col. James H., military 

operations of 26:48,51. 
Carley, Sam, acknowledgment to 

37: 48. 
Carlin Farm Reserve 
authoritv for establishment of 18: 

828. 
discontinuance of 18: 894. 
establishment of 18:890. 



180 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Carlisle (Pa.) Indian School 
estal.lishmcnt of 17: 216. 
liiiKiiistic- investigations at 28: 225. 
Carlisle Students 
as Messiali delegates 14: 900. 
in Ghost dance 14: 923, 924, 971, 
1038. 
Carlos, a Flathead chief 45: 377. 
Carludovica 

for basketry 38: § 100, 102. 

for belts 38: § 544. 

in the manufacture of whips 38: 

§845. 
"rope" 38: § 72. 
Carmel Language of Mofras 7: 102. 
Carmona, Alonso de, Apalachee 

descrilied l.y 42: 440. 
Carnegie Institution of Washington, 

acknowledgment to 28: 239. 
Carnilf, William 

on use of wild rice by whites in 

Ontario 19: 1101. 
on wild rice in Lake Huron 19: 
1037. 
Carnival, name for 29: 69. 
Carolina Indians 

authorities on 42: 680. 
canoes of 43: 689. 
customs of 42: 691, 692, 693, 694, 
696, 697, 699, 700, 701, 702, 703, 
704, 705, 707, 708. 
dweUings of 42: 191, 687, 688. 
feather cloaks used by 42: 682. 
hair dressing of 42: 684. 
tattooing among 42: 686. 
textile fabrics of 13:14,16. 
Carolina Tribes, burial among 1: 

93. 
Carolinas 

Cherokee connection with pottery of 

20: 143 sq. 
difficulty in analyzing pottery of 

20: 142. 
intermingling of varieties of ware in 

20: 144. 
ornamentation in color of pottery of 

20: 67. 
pipe-making of historic tribes of 

20: 140. 
pottery of coastal districts of 20: 

146, 150. 
resemblance of Delaware Valley 
pottery to that of 20: 177 sq. 



Carolinas — Continued 

tribes formerly occupying 20: 142. 
use of steatite as tempering in vessels 
from 20: 47 sq. 
See also North Carolina; South 

Carolina. 
Caron, Josette 

Menomini treaty signer 14: 28. 
(See also Karon. 
Carondelet, Baron de, grant signed by 

18: 715, 724. 
Carpinteria 

asjjhalt from 44: 105. 
See also La Carpinteria. 
Carr, Gen. E. A. 

arrest of Nakai-dokll'ni by 14: 705. 
operations of, in Siou.x outbreak 14: 

882. 
troops under, in Sioux outbreak 1 4 : 
850. 
Carr, Lucien 

cited 5: 84, 87, 88, 92; 12: 645; 

46: 234. 
on Indians and mound builders 12: 

600, 615. 
shell gorget described by 2: 295. 
Carreri, Gemelli, on Mexican Calen- 
dar system 19: 935. 
Carriacon, pottery from 25: 189, 

190. 
Carribas, location of 43 : 170. 
Carrier, Miss Emily, Nanticoke words 

supplied by 36: 14. 
Carrier Tribe, mention of 41: 135. 
Carriers 

for meats, etc., Eskimo 18: 73. 
See also TakuUi. 
Carrington, — 

on East Cherokee chiefs 19: 175. 
on East Cherokee constitution 19: 

173. 
on East Cherokee in Civil War 19: 

170, 171. 
on Iroquois 19: 485. 
on Iroquois peace towns 19: 208. 
Carrion Crows and Medicine-Man, 

legend of 30: 343 sqq. 
Carrion-Flower, use of 44: 293,346. 
Carriso Mountains, description of 

17: 477. 
Carrizal 

occurrence of, in Seriland 17: 36. 
Seri, use of, in balsa-making 17: 
216* so. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



181 



Carrizo, numerals of 19: 919. 
Carroll, — 

on Catawba in Cherokee war 19: 

44. 
on English conduct toward Cherokee 
19: 38. 
Carroll, Major — , Porcupine's account 

made to 14: 793. 
CarroU, John J., work of 22, i: xii. 
Carroll, Gov. William 

commissioner for making and exe- 
cuting Cherokee treaty 5: 253, 
283. 
report of, on the Cherokee 5: 2.59. 
treaty signed by 19: 125. 
Carron 

genealogy of 14: 50, 53. 
medal presented to 14: 18. 
Carron Family, importance of 14: 

45. 
Carrots 

boiled in kettle 35: 557. 
digging of 35: 200. 
preparation of 35: 553. 
Carrying. Sec Domestic Pottery. 
Carrying Song 39: 135. 
Carson, Kit 

attacks on Kiowa by 17: 179, 314. 
presence of, at treaty of 1865 17: 

180. 
reference to 28: 62. 
return of, from California 26: 30. 
Carson Desert, Nev., rock carvings in 

4: 24. 
Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours 
du Mississippi, on location of 
INIaskotin 19: 10.53. 
Carte Figurative, cited 30: 20. 
Carte Particuliere du Fleuve Saint 
Louis, on .synonym for Menum- 
ini 19: 1048. 
Carter, Charles D., migration legend 

obtained from 44: 177. 
Carter, Hon. George R., acknowledg- 
ment to 30: 17. 
Carter, James M., information fur- 
nished by 44: 63. 
Carter-Blake, — 46: 348. 
Carter County, Ky., flint in 44: 

514-519. 
Carteret, Lord, sale of right in Caro- 
lina government by 18: 5.30. 
Carteret. Sir George, grant to 18: 
530. 58S. 



Carteret, Philip, purchase of land by 

18: .588. 
Carteria Larreae, creo.sote gum depos- 
ited by 26: 106. 
Cartersville, Ga., mounds near 5: 

96-104. 
Carthage, Tenn., trail from, to 

-\lgood 42: 836. 
Cartier, Jacques 

aborigines met by 7: 58, 77 sq. 

cited 12: 618, 624. 

Indians found on St. Lawrence by 

19: 190. 
reference to 28: 290. 
Cartographic Results of the Coro- 

nado expedition 14: 403 
Cartoweri knapsack 38: §4.50 
Cartridge Shells, Eskimo tobacco im- 
plements made of 18: 280, 282, 
283. 
Cartwright, George 

on archery, Montagnais 24: 384 sq. 

on tossed l)all, Montagnais 24: 708. 

Cartwright, John Bell, collection 

presented by 41: 116. 
Caruna 

a vegetable poison 38: § 735. 
seeds used as bells 38: § 574. 
Carus, Dr. Paul, on Chinese mystic 

numbers 19: 847. 
Carver, Capt. Jonathan 
cited 12: 657. 
medicine ceremony described by 

14: 111 sqq. 
Ojibwa pictographs recorded by 

15: 169. 
Omaha hunters met by 15: 191 
on Cree jugglery 14: 141 sqq. 
on Dakota curing wild rice 19: 

1065. 
on Dakota property right 19: 1073. 
on Dakota storing wild rice 19: 

1058 sq. 
on dice games, Chippewa 24: 65. 
on dogs of Siouan Indians 15: 170. 
on duck in Wisconsin 19: 1034, 

1098. 
on early trade of the Omaha 27: 

80 sq., 612. 
on future value of wild rice to the 

whites 19: 1101. 
on Green Bay, progress of 14: 18. 
on Green Bay Indians, habitat of 
14: 19. 



182 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Carver, Capt. Jonathan — Continued 
on horses among the Plains tribes 

15: 173. 
on Indians 4: 98, 99, 104, 113. 
on influence of wild rice on geo- 
graphic nomenclature 19: 1116. 
on location of Sauk 19: 1051. 
on Minnesota River 19: 1035. 
on racket, Chippewa 24: 566. 
on Siouan dances 15: 175, 184. 
on Siouan weapons 15: 171. 
on stone slung-shot 13: 95. 
on the Winnebago in 1778 15:196. 
on thrashing wild rice by the Dakota 
by treading or rubbing 19: 1069. 
on time Dakota first possessed 

horses 19: 1044. 
on wild rice feasts 19: 1092. 
on wild rice in Fox River 19: 1034. 
value of records of 15: 183. 
Carver Place, flint on 44: 517. 
Carving 

Eskimo examples of 18: 47, 54-62, 
67, 70, 71, 82-89, 94-108, 111, 127, 
134-144, 150, 154, 162-173, 179, 
188, 193 sqq., 218, 227, 233, 252, 
264, 274, 276, 280, 345, 346, 351, 
352, 396-415, 436, 446, 447, 449. 
implements of the Eskimo 18: 

85 sg. 
in stone 45: 41. 
ivory, bone 46: 170. 
of Melanesian Islands like those on 

American continent 3: 147. 
of the Eskimo 1 1 : 260. 
pottery decoration by means of 

20: 65. 
skill in 30: 140. 

iS'ee also Carvings; Decoration; In- 
cision; Paddles; Stamps. 
Carvings, Animal 

from mounds 2: 117. 
totemic origin of 2: 150. 
Carvings in House 35: 785. 
Carvings of the Eskimo 9: 392-409. 
Carvings of the Kwakiutl 
bird 35: 807, 810. 
crane 35: 810. 
grizzly bear 35: 805, 806, 856. 
representing men 35: 814. 
wolf 35: 820, 856, 1119. 
Casa Blanc a 

a name of two cliff dwellings 16: 
145. 



Casa Blanca — Continued 

cache discovered near 26: 256. 

day schools of 26: 34. 

described by Simpson 16: 79. 

description of 16: 104-111. 

description of ruin of 26: 24. 

floods at 26: 52 sq. 

gambler's prayers, place near 26; 
175. 

history of 26: 25. 

in Pima mythology 26: 227. 

in Pima song 26: 282. 

jacal construction in 16: 163 

notched doorway in 16: 164. 

Pima village 26: 21, 23. 

population of 26: 21. 

race tracks near 26: 173. 

reference to 28: 71. 

traces of whitewashing at 8: 145. 
Casa de Contratacion, description of 

14: 351. 
Casa del Tepozteco, Mexico, in- 
scription from 26: xiv. 
Casa Grande 

and San Jos<! ruins compared 13: 
186. 

application of the name 28: 79 sg., 
87. 

ascribed to the Hopi 17: 531. 

character of structure of 13: 238. 

chief of 26: 24. 

description of 26: 153. 

durable character of 23: xxx. 

history of 26: 25. 

identical with Chichilticalli (?) 26: 
26 sg. 

identification with Chichilticalli at- 
tempted 14: 387. 

in Pima mythology 26: 221, 227. 

in Pima song 26: 281. 

location of 26: 24. 

masonry of 13: 360. 

memoir on 13: 289, 319; 28: 25. 

origin of name 28: 33. 

people of, relations of, to those of 
Verde Valley 22, i: 34. 

report on 13: xxxvii, xliv, lv. 

reservation of 13: xxxvii. 

ruin of 11: xxvii. 
visited by Kino 26: 27. 

walls of 26: 21. 
Casa Grande Ruins, Ariz., operations 
at 29: 14 sq., 20. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



183 



Casa Grande Station, Ariz., reference 

t" 28: 72. 
Casa Grande Mountains, Ariz. 
pictiigraphs found in 28: 148. 
reference to 28: 36. 
Casa Grande Ruin, memoir on repair 

of 15: cii, 315, 349. 
Casa Montezuma 

designation of Casa Grande 28: 33, 

34. 
See also Montezuma. 
Casas Orandes 

exploration of 23: xvii. 
of the Gila 28: 153. 
pottery from 17: 624. 
resemblance of, to Gila River re- 
mains 16: 196. 
Casas Grandes (Chihuahua). 
pottery from 28: 137, 142, 156. 
reference to 28: 54. 
type of 28: 151. 
Casca Indians, mention of 41: 135. 
Cascade Indians, a Kwikwulit syn- 
onym 14: 741. 
Cascade People, basketry of 41: 141, 

15(i, 361. 
Cascara Buckthorn, use of 45: 473. 
Case, H. B., on Indian burial custom 

5: 47. 
Case of Witchcraft, Iroquois account 

of a 2: 72. 
Caseheapana. See Pastor. 
Cashew 

cultivation of 38: § 246. 
drink made from 38: § 267. 
poison obtained from 38: §735. 
Casey, Lieut. E. W., killed at Sioux 

outbreak 14: 872, 888. 
Casimi, fruit of, eaten by the Makusi 

38: § 247. 
Casqui, mention of mound at 42: 175- 
Cass, Lewis 

experience of, at Ottawa ceremony 

14: 105. 
purchase of reservations through 

18: 705. 
reply to Schermerhorn's proposals by 

19: 122. 
treaty commissioner 14: 27, 28. 
Cass Lake, reservation at 18: 804. 
Cass Manuscript 

quoted on Canadian Indian magic 
14: 144. 



Cass Manuscript — Continued 

quoted on Rabbit Rock myth 14: 
117. 
Cassanate, Pedro Pastel de, expedi- 

ti(ni of 17: 57. 
Cassandra, an edible beetle 38: §224. 
Cassava 

at salutation ceremony 38: §811. 
bread 38: § 236. 
canoe 38: § 344. 
ceremonies of 30: 230. 
grater 38: § 334-343, 826. 
leaf-strand figure 38: § 621. 
leaves of, eaten 38: § 237. 
legend concerning, in Dominica 34: 

126 sq. 
means of suicide 38: § 732. 
mention of 25: 51 sqq., 106, 194, 

216. 
sifter for 38: § 356-360. 
smoother 38: § 365. 
spirits associated with 30: 228,230. 
squeezer 38: § 345-355. 
squeezer, name for 38: § 345. 
starch made of 38: § 234. 
Cassava Bread 

made from yucca 34: 57. 
stones for baking 34: 223. 
Casse-tetes, from Guadeloupe 34: 

134. 
Cassidy, Gerald, reference to 29: 

466. 
Cassidy, Perlina Sizer 

on tradition of Ship Rock 29: 567. 
reference to 29: 211. 
Cassine 

ceremonial and medicinal properties 

of 42: 666. 
ceremonial drinking of 42: 300, 

306, 598. 
description of plant 42: 542, .543. 
mention of 42: 536. 
picture of brewing of 20: 26. 
preparation and drinking of, at busk 

42: 584. 
where grow-n 42: 539. 
See also Asi; Black Drink; Hex 
Vomitoria. 
Cassis Shells u.sed as vessels 2: 191, 

194, 196. 
Casson land cessions and reservations 

18: 782. 
Castake land cessions and reservations 
18: 782, 788. 



184 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(eth. 



Castalia odorata, use of 44: 288, 

342. 
Castalian Springs, Tenn. 
burials found at 41: 605. 
fortified town at 41: 496. 
mound at 42: 729. 
vases found at 41 : 534. 
Castaneda, Alonso de, death of 

14: .500. 
Castaneda, Miss Isabel B., Mexican 

tales collected by 37: 21. 
Castaneda (de Nagera), Pedro de 
account of Cibolan milling by 8: 

211, 212. 
account of Tusayan by 17: 596. 
accusations against Friar Marcos 

14: 366. 
cited on Indian bread 9: 522. 
credil.iility of his version of the 
Turk's stories of Quivira 14: 394. 
difficulties in manuscript of 14: 

513, 514. 
explanation of troubles between 
Friar Marcos and Estevan 14: 
355. 
family of 14: 470. 
manuscript of, in I.,enox Library 

14: 339, 413. 
mistake of, regarding departure of 

Alarcon 14: 385. 
narrative of 16: Liv. 
narrative of Coronado's expedition 

by 14: Lv, 413, 417. 
on Acoma 39: 543, 544. 
on Cibola hair dressing 17: 661. 
on condition of Chicilticalli 13: 

295. 
on cremation among Pueblo Indians 

22, i: 176. 
on early Pueblo warfare 17: 588. 
on Galisteo 29: 482. 
on Hopi fabrics 17: 629. 
on Jemez 29: 402. 
on location of Tusayan 19: 598. 
on Pecos 29: 476. 
on Picuris 29: 193. 
on Pueblo kivas in 1540 17: 575. 
on Quivira 29: 565. 
on Santa ¥4: Mountains 29: 105. 
on Sia 29: 517. 
on stone balls found in Pueblo ruins 

22, i: 183. 
on Taos 29: 183. 



Castaneda (de Nagera), Pedro de — 
Continued 
on visit to Tusayan in 1540 17: 

596, 597. 
on Yuqueyuncjue 29: 227. 
peculiarities of style of 14: 525, 

526. 
references to 28: 53,117. 
says Friar Marcos's promotion was 

arranged b.v Mendoza 14: 364. 
Spanish family name 14: 511. 
stories of revolt of Rio Grande 

Indians 14: 393. 

story of an Indian trader 14: 345. 

story of Estevan's death 14: 306. 

Zuni cremation mentioned by 13: 

366. 

Castapanas, identification of 17: 

166. 
Caste System among the Tlingit 

26: 427. 
Casteel Family, murder of 19: 76. 
Castilleja Coceinea, use of 44: 288, 

362. 
Castillo, Alonso del, same as Mal- 

donado 14: 348. 
Castillo, Anton, aid rendered by 17: 

XIII, 14. 
Castillo de Teayo 25: 250. 
Castillo del Ore, name given by 

Columbus to Chiriqui 6: 35. 
Castner, J. C, mention of 46: 124, 

125. 
Castor Canadensis Frondator, eaten 

by the Pima 26: 81. 
Castor HiU, treaty of, in 1852 18: 

738, 740, 742, 744; 19: 99. 
Castorium as a weather charm 35: 

636. 
Castration 

of dogs 38: § 719. 

of Indian priests and medicine-men 

9: 454. 
of prisoners by Guiana Indians 38: 
§ 507, 769. 
CasweU, — , on the Kentucky revival 

14: 943. 
Cat 

Cherokee name for 19: 265. 
Sec also Gufisadatte. 
Cat Briar, medicinal use of 42: 667. 
Cat- tail 

a life symbol 36: 93. 

in Pima basketry 26: 133, 135.^ 

medicinal use of 27: 584. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



185 



Cat-tail — Continued 

use of 33:64; 44:294,378; 45: 

4S2, 496, 498. 
use of, as food 17: 270. 
Cat- tail Flag, used in basketry 41: 

145. 
Cat-tail Gens 

silent during ceremony 36: 93. 
See also Wa-ke'-the'stse-dse Gens. 
Cat-tail Woman in Pima song 26: 

296. 
Cata, Eulogio, reference to 29: 143. 
Cataha nr Cataka, Kiowa Apache 

synon.^^n 17: 245. 
Catahoula County, La., ware found 

in mound at 20: 103. 
Cataka, a synonym of Kiowa Apache 

14: 1081. 
Catalina Mountains, Ariz., refer- 
ence tu 28: 36. 
Catalogues of collection in 1881 3: 

427-.592. 
Cataloguing of Specimens, method 

of 12: 22. 
Catamenial Customs 

of the Assiniboin 46: 524. 
of the Fox Indians 40: 229, 245, 
303-309, 339 sg., 357, 491, 517, 571. 
of the Omaha 3: 267. 
of the Salishan tribes 45: 62, 172. 
See also Menstruation; Puberty. 
Cataract among the Pima 26: 268. 
Cataracts in Cherokee lore 19: 426. 
Cataraugos. See Cattaraugus. 
Catarro 38: § 918. 
Catawba 

and Dakota affinity 15: 159. 
black pottery of the 41:522. 
Cherokee relations with 19: 14, 31 

sg., 36, 44, 49, 165, 234, 380 sg. 
divisions of the 15: 165. 
feather ornament of 19: 504. 
games of the 24: 
football 698, 704. 
racket 611. 
habitat of the 7:112,114,116. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

780. 
linguistic work among the 1 5 : 244. 
myths of the 19: 452. 
name for Cherokee 19: 16,183. 
population of the 7: 118. 
population of the, in 1755 19: 39. 
proportion of warriors to population 
14: 33. 



Catawba — Continued 

researches among the 14: XL. 
sketch of the 19: 498. 
Spanish contact with 19: 28. 
Sec also Catawba Indians; etc. 
Catawba Dialect, recorded as a type 

21: XXIV. 
Catawba Indians 

attacked by the Iroquois 42: 735. 
called Flatheads 42: 687. 
former habitat of 20: 142. 
modern pottery making by 20: 20, 

52, 53 sgg., 130, 131 sg., 142 sg. 
modern pottery of 20: 143. 
pottery from mound resembling that 

of 20: 144. 
pottery made by 42: 690. 
prehistoric pottery of 20: 143. 
proposed removal of, to Cherokee 

country 5: 317. 
resemblance of Pamunkey pottery 

to that of 20: 152. 
treaty of 17.56 with 5: 145. 
.SVe also Catawba; etc. 
Catawba Killer 

Cherokee formulas furnished by 7: 

316. 
See also Takwatihi. 
Catawba Language 

study of, by Dr. J. R. Swanton 39: 

14. 
studied by Dr. T. Michelson 34: 
17. 
Catawba Settlements 
attack on 42: 769. 
location of 42: 778. 
Catawba Trail 42: 772. 
Catcher Toy 38: § 617. 
Catching Game, description of 45: 

134. 
Catch-the-Bear 

an adherent of Sitting Bull 14: 

857. 
killed in Sitting Bull fight 14: 857. 
Caterpillars 

destruction of wild rice by 19: 

1027, 1100. 
Pima superstition concerning 26: 

265. 
string figures of 38: § 672. 
used as food 38: § 223. 
used in ordeals 30: 279, 281. 
Catfish, folk tale of the 14: 214. 
Catfish Dance, mention of 42: 523, 
534. 



186 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Catfish Lake, Seminole settlement 

5: 477, 478, 509. 
"Catgut, " in Cherokee lore 19: 425. 
Cathartics, u.sed by the Ziini 30: 

51, 53. 
Cathlascon Tribes, Scouler on 7: 

81. 
Catholic Church 

influence of 47: 203, 205 sq., 846, 

903. 
part taken by, in burials 47: 137. 
Catholic Mission, grant of land to 

18: 836. 
Catlin, George 

cited 10: 741; 30: 299 sq. 
cited on Indian beliefs 11: 506. 
cited on Indian medicine-men 9: 

463. 
cited on Indian wigs 9: 475. 
describes shell adze 2: 205. 
on Apache arrow chipping 13: 138. 
on Apache stone-flaking 13: 173. 
on Apache whale-tooth punch 13: 

140. 
on archery, Mandan 24: 293. 
on burial of Blackbird 1: 139. 
on Dakota gathering wild rice 19: 

1062. 
on dice games, Iowa 24: 186. 
on double baU, Dakota 24: 648. 
on double ball, Santee 24: 663. 
on early traders 17: 171. 
on Fort Gibson Indians gathering in 

1834 17: 169. 
on Golgotha of Mandans 1: 170. 
on hidden ball, Iowa 24: 365 sq. 
on hoop and pole, Mandan 24: 

459, 512 sg. 
on hoop and pole, Minitarees 24: 

487. 
on Indians 4: 101, 114, 115, 116. 
on Kanakflk 14: 692, 697. 
on Kiowa 17: 268. 
on Kiowa in 1834 17: 171. 
on Mandan Chungke stones. 13: 



on 



claim of antiquity 15: 



167. 



on Mandan desolation of smallpox 

17: 275. 
on Mandan pottery making 20: 

58, 195, 197. 
on meaning of Kanakijk 14: 693. 



Catlin, George — Continued 

on meeting of Comanche and dra- 
goons 17: 264. 
on mourning cradle 1: 181. 
on native name of Mandan 15: 

163. 
on Nootka method of tree felling 

13: 72. 
on Oto and Missouri habitat 15: 

195. 
on racket, Cherokee 24: 581. 
on racket, Choctaw 24: 585, 599- 

602. 
on racket, Iowa 24: 615. 
on Shawano prophet 14: 673. 
on Shawano religion among the 

Blackfeet 14: 680. 
on Siouan bows 15: 171. 
on Siouan use of horses 15: 175. 
on Tahchee 19: 141. 
on Tecumtha 14: 691. 
on use of stone implements in pem- 

mican making 13: 88. 
on value of white buffalo hide 27: 

284. 
on Wichita houses 17: 266. 
quoted on Indian customs 11: 513. 
reference to North American Indians 

by 12: 42, 43. 
reference to work of 11: 501, 502. 
value of records of 15: 183. 
visit of, to Kanaktjk 14: 696. 
visit of, to Kiowa in 1834 17: 262 

S99. 
wild rice harvesting illustration, 

reference to 19: 1057. 
CatUnite 

mention of 4: 23. 

u.sed for pipes by Menomini 14: 

248. 
Catnip 
introduced by the whites 33: 59. 
medicinal use of 43: 266. 
use of 44: 290. 
See also Nepeta Cataria. 
Cato, Josiah 

on stone collars 25: 167 sq. 
stone coUars interpreted by 34: 

207. 
Catostomus, fish of Colorado Basin 

26: S3. 
Cat's Claw, a Pima food plant 26: 

76. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



187 



Cat's Cradle 

general description of 24: 7(51 sf/. 

mention of 45: 135. 

of the Guiana Indians 38: p. 500- 

550. 
played by the 24: 

Apache (White Mountain) 762 
sq. 

ClaUam 772. 

Eskimo (Central) 767 sqq. 

Eskimo (Ita) 769. 

Hopi 774. 

Hupa 763. 

Keres 770. 

Makah 762, 776. 

Maricopa 776. 

Maya 772. 

Navaho 762, 763-767, 775, 776. 

Pomo 771. 

Sauk and Foxes 762. 

Shuswap 773. 

Skokomish 773. 

Songish 773. 

Tewa 774 sq. 

Thompson Indians 773. 

Tigua 775. 

Tsetsaut 767. 

Zuni 761 sq., 766, 774, 777 sqq. 
played by the Eskimo 18: 332. 
Cattaraugus 

cession of reserves at 18: 662,770. 
reservations at 18: 658, 776. 
Cattaraugus Reservation, N. Y., 

linguistic investigations at 5: 

XXXI. 

Cattle 

among the Papago 26: 28, 93. 

among the Pima 26: 85 sq., 99. 

branding of 4: 182 sq. 

early introduction of 14: Lvi. 

imported into New Spain 14: 375. 

introduced into Tusayan 8: 22. 

payment of , for grass lease 17: 355. 

purchase of, for the Kiowa 17: 340. 

raising by the Cherokee 19: 82, 
122, 137, 166, 213 sq. 

Seri method of hunting 17: 204* 
sq. 

See also under the various names. 
Cattako, a Kiowa Apache synonym 

17: 245. 
Cauac day symbol discussed 16: 259. 
Cauchi, De Soto's visit to 19: 29. 
95719°— 33 13 



Caughnawaga 
games of the 24: 
dice games 105. 
hoop and pole 474 sq. 
racket 573 sq. 
population of 7: 80. 
Caujaniquaunte, sale of land by 18: 

622. 
Caul, luck from 30: 271. 
Caulin, — , on belief in God among 

Orinoco tribes 30:118. 
CauDdngofBox 35:299. 
Caulophylluna Thalictroides 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 

medicinal properties of 44: 300. 

u.se of 33: 83; 44: 288, 340, 342, 

344, 346. 

Cautantouwlt, an Algonquian god 

14: 9S2. 
Cauterizing 35: 694. 
Cauxana Indians, natal customs of 

30: 325. 
Cavallos, Bahia de los, site of Nar- 

vaez's camp 14: 347. 
Cavate 

dwellings, functions of 17: 544. 
dwellings, in Verde Valley, discussed 

17: 536, 537-545. 
dwellings, types of 28: 188, 219. 
use of term 28: 193, 194. 
Cavate Iiodges 

ancient, how excavated 13: 251. 
described and figured 13: 217. 
in Verde Valley 13: 187, 192. 
on Fossil Creek 13: 203. 
rea.son for abundance of 13: 260. 
Cavate Buins near Flagstafif 
classes of 22, i: 35. 
description of, published 22, i: 35. 
new caves of 22, i: 37 sq. 
old caves of 22, i: 36 sq. 
old caves of, plan of 22, i: 37. 
Turkey Tanks, caves of 22, i: 38 s?. 
views of 22, i: i-vi. 
Cave 

at Ford's Ferry 42: 809 sq. 

for cedar-bark, used at birth or 

maturity 35: 671, 672, 673. 
Graham Mountains, description of 

22, i: 187 sq. 
sacrificial, in the Nantacks, collection 
of objects from 22, i: 188 sq. 



188 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Cave — Continued 

used b}' inhabitants of Kwaituki 

8: 57. 
See also Caves; etc. 
Cave Burials 

general description of 1: 126. 

in Alaslia 1: 129. 

in Calaveras County, Calif. 1: 12S, 

129. 
in Holston Valley 42: 752. 
of the Utes 1: 127, 128. 
See also Burials. 
Cave Dwellers 

Antilk-an 25: 41. 
culture of the 34: 56, 268. 
of Cuba 34: 246 sq., 255 sq. 
Cave Dwellings 

found near Santa Clara 2: 431. 
in Arizona 13: 224. 
of Barbados 34: 87. 
Cave Houses, mention of 4: 284, 

286, 293. 
Cave-in-Rock, described by Collins 

42: 809. 
Cave Lodges occupied in historic 

times 8: 225. 
Cave Man, no trace of, in the Ozarks 

40: 16. 
Cave Ruins 

classification of 16: 155. 
vUlages in Canyon de CheUy 16: 
97. 
Cavern symbol in Mexican pictog- 
raphy 16: 223. 
Caves 

as burial places 12:285,286; 34: 

57, 61. 
fabrics preserved in 13: 29. 
in Tewa tradition 29: 138 nq., 166 

sq. 
inhabited by the Muskogee 42: 44. 
mention of 46: 182. 
of Barbados 34: 11, 82 sq. 
of Cottonwood Canyon 36: 26. 
of Isle of Pines 34: 257. 
of Porto Rico 34: 170 sq. 
of Trinidad 34: 66. 
references to 39: 225, 272, 296, 

321, 374, 412, 415, 452, 457. 
See also Cave; etc. 
Cavetown, Ind., occurrences of Iro- 
quoian pottery at 20: 164. 



Cavetown, Md., explorations near 

26: XII .s<?. 
Cavitt's Station, attack on 19: 75. 
Caxa'n. Sec Shakan. 
Cayam Carumi, an Inca god 25: 

143. 
Cayanwa; Cayenas; Cayguas, Kio- 
wa synonyms 17: 14S. 
Cayenne 

beliefs as to god in 30:117,118. 

l)urial customs in 30: 156, 157. 

courtship in 30: 313, 314. 

dances in 30: 301 sq. 

eclipses in 30: 255. 

food in 30: 296. 

investigation in 30: 107. 

natal customs in 30: 321, 324, 325. 

puberty customs in 30: 309, 310, 

312." 
words taboo in 30: 252 sq. 
Caygua, a Kiowa synonym 14: 1078. 
Caypor, description of 30: 174. 
Caysuma, a Guiana Indian fermented 

fruit drink 38: § 286. 
Cayuga 

dice games of the 24: 117. 
peace treaty of the 43: 456. 
population of the 7: 80. 
study of language of the 30: 20. 
use of wooden mortars by the 13: 

96. 
See also Cayuga Indians; Five Na- 
tions; New York Indians; Six 
Nations. 
Cayuga Indians 

researches among 42: 11. 
tree-carvings by the 10: 213. 
See also Cayuga; and references 
given there. 
Cayuga Lake, pictographs on 10: 

213. 
Cayuse 

and Klukatat hostility 14: 738. 
habitat and population of the 7: 

127, 128. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

894, 908, 918, 928. 
opinion of land assignments 14: 

710. 
present habitat of the 14: 805. 
sketch of the 14: 743. 
study of language of the 15: xlt. 
vocabulary obtained 10: xiv. 



bonnerjea) 



SUBJECT INDEX 



189 



C ayuse — Continued 

vocabulary transcribed 15: XL. 
.S'(( also Waiilatpuan. 
Cayuse Indians 

Flathead name for the 45: 301. 

mention of the 41: 136. 

name of the, in sign language 45: 

147. 
See also Cayuse. 
Cayzu, Guiana Indian maize bread 

38: § 264. 
Ceanothus Americanus 
medicinal use of 42: 664. 
mention of 33: 102. 
Ceanothus Ovatus, use of 44: 288, 

340. 
Ceanothus Sanguineus 46: 512. 
Ceanothus Velutinus 45: 457,475, 

516. 
Cear-Chi-Neka. See Siachi'nika. 
Ceara, Brazil, petroglyphs in 10: 

155 sqf/. 
Cebollita Valley, New Mexico 

excavation of ruins around 19: 

XIII. 

ruins of dressed stones in 21: 

XVIII. 

Cecelhuchah, meaning of 16: 224. 
Cecropia, for dance sticks 38: § 57S. 
Cecropia Palmata 38: § 287. 
Cecropia Paltata, leaves used for 

"sandpaper" 38: § 21. 
Cedar 

a symbol of long life 39:238; 43: 

60, 68. 
appearance of, in representations of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 65. 
associated with thunder rites 27: 

42. 
brown, timber used for boats 33: 

§ 794. 
ceremonial use of 43: 47, 48, 72. 
for fire 35: 763. 
leaves, ceremonial use of 40: 91, 

357. 
lore concerning 19: 421,505. 
male, a life symbol 36:95. 
medicinal use of 42: 552, 657, 668. 
mention of 33: 63; 35: 166, 167, 

171. 
mystic character of 33: 57. 
primitive conception of 15: 182, 

183. 
red, a life symbol 36:95. 



Cedar — Continued 

red, u.se of 44: 290, 369, 377. 
.sacred regard for 14: 809, 979. 
stripping of bark of 35: 616. 
symbolism of 33: 64; 43: 48. 
tinder made from 30: 93. 
use of 45: 51, 53 sq., 498, 500. 
use of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas 

21: 122. 
used at Casa Grande 28: 146. 
used in ceremonies 30: 93. 
used in Ghost dance 14: 911, 921. 
used in medicine 30: 55. 
used in preparing fiber 30: 78. 
yellow 35: 163. 
See also Cedar Bark; etc. 
Cedar Bark 

V)eater 35: 129. 
belief regarding 35: 131. 
breaker 35: 109, 127, 128, 133. 
gathering of 44: 386. 
implement for peeling 35: 143. 
implement for splitting 35: 117, 

124. 
mention of 35: 191. 
packing of 35: 122, 123, 1.32. 
peeling of tree 35:120,121,131. 
preparation of 35: 130. 
qualities of 35: 122, 125. 
red 35: 677, 735. 
red and white 35: 1005 sq. 
red, for shaman 35: 721. 
rings of, for nonlem 35: 1035. 
shredded 35: 660, 661. 
shredding of 35:126-129,132. 
splitting of 35: 125. 
use of, as hair, in dress of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 86. 
use of, as torch, carried bj- Tcola- 

witze 21: 61. 
use of, as torch, in Hopi festivals 

21: 96. 
use of, as torch, in Sumaikoli festival 

21: 96. 
white, burnt for purification 35: 

1173. 
yellow, shredded 35: 662, 668. 
Cedar Bark, Bed. 

for speaker in Winter ceremonial 

35: 899. 
head ring of 35: 890, 1154, 1197. 
mention of 35: 849, 856, 867, 868, 

1004, 1018, 1155. 
neck ring of 35: 874, 1071. 



190 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Cedar Bark, Red — Continued 

represented on house post 35: 805. 
worn V)y the shaman 35: 1217. 
Cedar-bark Bags, for storing wild 

rice 19: 1072. 
Cedar-bark Rope 35: 75, 76, 90, 

100, 158. 
Cedar-bark Towels 35: 775. 
Cedar County, Nebr., reference to 

27: 09. 
Cedar Creek, reference to 27: 99. 
Cedar Keys, Florida, pottery from 

near 20: 112, 127. 
Cedar Mats 35: 125. 
Cedar Point, treaty of 18: 700. 
Cedar Pole 

account of 27: 229, 457 sq. 
references to 27: 194, 200, 217, 
219, 494. 
Cedar Roots, used in basket making 

41: 137. 
Cedar Tree 

felUng of 35: 60. 

hypnotism performed by 14: 924. 

importance of, in basket making 

41: 145. 
in rites of the Osage 36:281. 
influence of, on basket making 41: 

144. 
praying to 35: 619. 
regarded as sacred 44: 381. 
Cedar Tree Tower, excavation of 

41: 29. 
Cedar-withe Rope 35: 101. 
Cedar Withes 

for sewing wood 35: 77,93. 
mention of 35: 111, 115, 119, 120. 
Cedar Wood, used for boxes 35: 82. 
Cedros, Arroyo de los, crossed by 

Coronado 14: 584. 
Ceh 

symbol discussed 16: 261. 
symbol in Dresden Codex 16: 261. 
Ceiling 

plan of, Shupalovi kiva 8: 123, 

125, 126. 
retention of, original appearance of 
rooms through 8: 89. 
Celastraceae 33: 102. 
Celastrus Scandens 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
medicinal use of 42: 661. 



Celastrus Scandens — Continued 
u.se of 33: 102; 44: 288, 344, 348, 
350. 
Celedon, Robert, on Carib numerals 

19: 914. 
Celery, Wild, u.se of 45: 473, 483. 
Celestin, John, brief account of 45 : 

274. 
Celestine, second chief of Alabama 

under Antone 42: 193. 
Celibacy 

among the Omaha 3: 269. 
at Zuiii 47: 505 
thought to be uncanny 30: 247. 
See also Marriage. 
Celilo, Smohalla performances at 14: 

725. 
Cellars, not used in Tusayau and 

Cibola 8: 143. 
Celt Handles 25: 209. 
Celtis Occidentalis 33: 76. 
Celts 

argillaceous limestone, found with 

flexed burial 41: 600. 
ceremonial 34: 176, 178, 251. 
characteristic of Greater Antilles 

34: 174, 180. 
chipped, description of 13: 86. 
collection of, from Chiriqui 6: 29- 

34. 
diorite, found in house circles 41: 

547. 
fliorite, reworked 41: 601. 
distribution of 15: 142. 
engraved 34: 174-183; 38: § 11. 
Eskimo 18: 91 sq. 
evolution of 15: 97. 
examples of 2: 203. 
fixation of, in handles 38: § 8. 
from Barbados 34: 86. 
from Dominica 34: 126, 131. 
from Guadeloupe 34: 133 sq. 
from Martinique 34: 131. 
from Porto Rico 34: 131. 
from St. Lucia 34: 131. 
from Trinidad 34: 74. 
hematite, description of 13: 86. 
how finished 15: 26. 
making and blade making compared 

15: 102. 
manufacture and distribution of 

13: 72. 
manufacture of 2: 203; 38: § 9. 
manufacture of, of shell 2: 203, 205. 



bonnehjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



191 



C elts — Conti n ued 

materials used in making of 15: 

99, 100, 141. 
mention of 25: 89, 92-97, 192; 

46: 145, 146. 
monolithic, not found in Lesser 

Antilles 34: 94. 
monolithic, use of 34: 176. 
monolithic petaloid 34: 173, 174. 
nomenclature of 13: 62. 
of fossil shell 34: 134. 
of Guiana Indians 38: § 6. 
petaloid, called thunder-stones 34: 

175, 251. 
petaloid, from Porto Rico 34: 171, 

172-183. 
petaloid, from St. Croix 34: 168. 
petaloid, from Tobago 34: 78. 
petaloid, scarce in St. Vincent 34: 

94. 
petaloid, typical of Greater Antilles 

34: 59, 146, 262. 
shell, where found 34: 59. 
stone 45: 41. 
type of pattern of 38: § 7. 
used in steatite working 15: 133. 
various forms of 13: 73. 
Cement 

clay, use of, by American Indians 

20: 37. 
used l>y the Omaha 13: 287. 
Cemeteries 

description of 41:548sg. 

Indian, paper bv D. I. Bushnell, jr. 

40: 18. 
modern, at Hopi pueblos, Arizona, 

view of 22, i: lii. 
of Seriland 17: 289*. 
ofSikyatki 17: 646-649. 
.See also Burials; Graves; Mortuary. 
Cemetery at Ruin A, Black Fulls of 

Lillle Colorado Rieer 
description of 22, i: 53 sq. 
objects obtained from, description of 

22, i: 54. 
Cenn' 

invocation to 30: 351. 
nature of 30: 169. 
worship of 30: 137, 168 sg. 
See also Zemi. 
Cempoalan, Mexico 

at the conquest 25: 231. 
ceramic art of 25: 251. 
material of mounds of 25: 273. 



Cempoalan, Mexico — Continued 
name applied to several places 25: 

2.34. 
ruins of 2: xv; 25: xxviii. 
ruins of buildings of 25: 236-243. 
ruins of, general description of 25: 

233-236. 
See also Archeological Objects. 
Cengoqedi'na. See Eagle Phratry, 

Tlingit. 
Cenis, a Caddo synonjnn 14: 1092. 
Census 

of Alaska natives 46: 178, 181. 
of Cherokee 19: 34, 103, 112, 125, 

150, 156 sq. 
of East Cherokee 19: 167 sq., 172, 

176, 179, 180. 
of United States 46: 322. 
of Yukon 46: 132, 133. 
refugee Indians in 1862 5: 331 sq. 
Census, Cherokee 
in 1825 5: 240. 
in 1835 5: 289, 377. 
in 1867 5: 351. 

in North Carolina in 1849 5: 313. 
in North Carolina in 1869 5: 314. 
Census Schedules, Indian 3: xxv. 
Center, pictographs for 10: 587. 
Centipede 

as basketry design 38: § 445. 
cure for bite of 42: 645. 
Centizpac, a river in New Galicia 14: 

382. 
Central Algonquian Languages 
divisions of 28: 233. 
e.xamples in comparison with 28: 
Cheyenne 233. 
Cree 233, 239, 245. 
Menomini 249, 251. 
Ojibwa 245. 
Potawatomi 245. 
reference to 28: 290. 
relationship with Micmac 28: 283. 
Central America 

bulletin on languages of 30: 19. 
calendar and antiquities of, papers on 

23: XXXVIII. 
ethnography of 21: xxiii, xxiv. 
kiaha net found in 26: 143. 
linguistic families of 30: 87, 100. 
linguistic material from 23: xxxiv. 
masks of 3: 104. 
memoir on numeral system of 19: 

XLIV, XLV. 



192 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Central America — Continued 
need of investigation in 41: 105. 
petroglyphs in 10: 141 .s</. 
ruins of, inscriptions of 19: 806. 
was a center of aboriginal distri- 
bution 3: 1.51. 
See also Mexico. 
Central American Pottery 

forms occurring in 20: 34, 35, 85, 

182. 
Florida pottery suggesting 20: 127. 
functional scope of 20: 24. 
groups of 20: 20. 
Gulf Coast M'are resembling 20: 
109, 113. 
Central American Tribes, languages 

of, study of 22, i: xxxi sq. 
Central Eskimo 

mention of 46: 359. 

paper on, by Dr. F. Boas 6: 399- 

669. 
population of 7: 75. 
remarks on paper of F. Boas on 6: 

LVI, LVII. 

See also Eskimo, Central. 
Central States, forms of pipes of 

20: 45, 98. 
Centralization of Seri body 17: 

138*. 
Cephaelis Ipecacuanha, used as an 

emetic 38: § 920. 
Cephalic Index of the Western 

Eskimo 46: 229. 
Cephalopods, fossil, veneration for, 
among the Pueblos 22, i: 107 sq. 
Cephalopterus Ornatus 38: § 566. 
Ceramic Art 
form discussed 4: 444. 
forms, origin of 4: 269. 
groups of 4: 369. 
ornament discussed 4: 444. 
See also Pottery. 
Ceramic Decoration, relation of, to 

liistory 33: 216. 
Ceramic Ware. Set Pottery. 
Cercados de los Indies. See Dance 

Plazas. 
Cercis Canadensis, medicinal use of 

42: 665. 
Cerehu, seeds used as bells 38: 

§ 574. 
Ceremonial 

acqui.sition of, not belonging to 
familv 35: 740. 



Ceremonial — Continued 
cannibal 35: 1167. 
circuit of the Hopi 15: 304. 
connected with infancy 11: 482. 
connected with puberty 11: 208. 
in the scalp dance 1 1 : 526. 
objects, Siouan 15: 172. 
of Comox 35: 892. 
of cult societies 11: 75. 
of Dahpike 11: 503. 
of drinking 38: § 278. 
of Ghost lodge 1 1 : 487. 
Siouan 11: 373, 436, 440. 
stones, description of 15: 103. 
stones, distribution of 15: 142. 
stones, made of steatite 15: 109. 
winter 35: 342, 560, 564. 
winter, food for 35: 285, 289, 299. 
See also Ceremonies; Bitual; 
Winter Ceremonial. 
Ceremonial Approach, Wi'-gi-e of 

36: 249 sqq. 
Ceremonial Attendant, Leading, 
duties of 40: 41, 249, 251, 253, 
269. 
Ceremonial Attendants 

betrayal of deeds of 40: 259. 

clothing of 40: 257. 

duties of 40: 41, 123, 257 sqq., 

263, 267. 
ideals for conduct of 40: 249, 251, 
257. 
Ceremonial Baton 

described and figured 14: 72 sq. 
meal, use of, on Moki trails 14: 

488. 
See also Batons. 
Ceremonial Calendar 
Acoma 47: 67 sq. 
Isleta 47: 289 sq. 
Zuni 47: 512, 534^.540. 
Ceremonial Chamber 

assembly of dancers in 23: 458, 

459. 
at Four-mile Ruin, mention of 

22, i: 173. 
dancing 23: 460 sg. 
of the Zuni 23: 597-600. 
preparation of openings into 23: 

476. 
repair of 23 : 227. 
I iSce also Kiva. 



JEAj 



SUBJECT INDEX 



193 



Ceremonial Chart 
New Holland 4: 197. 
pictngraphs in 4: 194-197. 
Ceremonial Circuit of the Hopi 

17: 081. 
Ceremonial Days 

in Hopi elaliorate festival 21: 20. 
of the Flute rite at Mishougnovi 
19: 988-993. 
Ceremonial Fires 

at tselebratiun of rites 41: 506 sq. 
at erection of numnd 41: 499 sq., 

509. 
fire bowl containing 41: 504. 
Ceremonial Forms, a handicap 36: 

6(5. 
Ceremonial Grounds 

arrangement of 42: 205-235. 
origin of 42: 59 sq. 
seating in 42: 174-241. 
See aho Busk Ground. 
Ceremonial Groups 47: 254-274. 
Ceremorxial Houses 
at Isleta 47: 209. 
mention of 35: 738; 42: 702. 
Ceremonial Interval, four days as 

35: 709. 
Ceremonial Number 

mention of 47: 132, 284. 
See aho Four. 
Ceremonial Objects 
Eskimo 18: 393-421. 
from Florida, collection and study of 

18: XXX, XXXI. 
from Zuni and Sia, collection and 

study of 18: xxxii sq., XLvii. 
of ivory 46: 173. 
<Sef «/.v() Axes; Batons; Celts; Col- 
lars; Knives; Swallow-sticks; 
Three-pointed Stones; Zemis. 
Ceremonial Observances 
in dance, Tewa 24: 643. 
in double ball, Hopi 24: 648 sq. 
in racket, Iowa 24: 615. 
in racket, Navaho 24: 435 sqq. 
in racket, Oglala Dakota 24: 434 
sq. 
Ceremonial Organization 
at Oraibi 47: 357. 
discussion of 47: 345 sq. 
influence of clan on 37: 204. 
Isleta 47: 254-274. 
position of, among Pueblo cultures 
47: 345-348. 



Ceremonial Paraphernalia of Tu- 
sayan, taken by the Navaho 
8: .50. 
Ceremonial Rooms 
reference to 28; 142. 
types uf 28: 1.50. 
.See also Kihus; Kiva. 
Ceremonial Slabs, stone, from Pueblo 
Viejo ruins, cuts showing 22, i: 
185, 186. 
Ceremonial Smoking, by the Arap- 

aho 14: 918. 
Ceremonial Stones, description of 

13: 115. 
Ceremonial Uses 

influence of, on decoration of pot- 
tery 20: 64, 65, 67, 100. 
influence of, on forms of pottery 

20: 62. 
pottery for, eastern United States 

20: 24, 25, 34, 36 sq. 
pottery for, Florida Peninsula 20: 

119.' 
pottery for. Middle Mississippi Val- 
ley province 20: 83. 
pottery for. South Appalachian 

province 20: 138. 
.See also Mortuary; Mythology; 
Religion. 
Ceremonialism 

phases of 47: 63, 125. 
Zuni 47: 507 sqq. 
Ceremonials 

memorizing of 36: 67. 
of Siouan tribes 15: 174. 
of the Hopi 15: 251. 
of the hunt, Zuni 2: 33. 
theistic, of Siouan Indians 15: 184. 
Zuni, character of 13:375. 
Zuiii, orientation in 13: 370. 
Ceremonies 

accompanying kiva construction 8: 

115, 118. 
affected by United States Glovern- 

ment 47: 58. 
after burial 47: 249 sq. 
aliens excluded from 47: 206. 
appearance of katcinas in 21: 15. 
.■Vrapaho Peyote 37: 415-419. 
begging 37: 387 
Cochiti, of purification 47: 531. 
connected with burials 42: 389- 
398. 



194 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Ceremonies — Continued 

connected with food gathering 45: 

453. 
connected with new corn 44: 262. 
connected with relation of myths 

11: 369. 
connected witli Tusayan house build- 
ing 8: 100-104, 168. 
curing 47: 339 sq., 531 sq., 533. 
development of 19: lxxviii sq. 
diffusion of 40: 547, 548. 
duties of governor at 47: 55. 
ends served by 47: 63. 
five aspects of 47: 508. 
for healing the sick 44: 258. 
for rain 47: 82 sqq., 330 sq., 514 

sq., 630, 540, 886. 
four types of 37: 317. 
in honor of masks 47: 854 sqq. 
Isleta 47: 290-340. 
Ki'no- 43: 33 sq. 
Ki'no", purpose of 43: 36. 
moiety transfer 47: 330. 
monthly 42: 522, 534. 
object of 47: 140. 
of adornment 45: 554 sq. 
of approach to House of Mystery 

45: 707-710. 
of blowing on symbolic skins 45: 

544-547. 
of conducting the Xo'-fea 43: 67. 
of Corn group 47: 290-300. 
of crowning warriors 42: 420. 
of decorating the Xo'-ka 43: 33 sq.; 

45: 703-707. 
of drinking cassine 42: 300. 
of "first fruits" 45: 290 sq., 357. 
of general cleansing 47: 307-314. 
of Horned Serpent 47: 301 sq. 
of hunt chief 47: 336 sq. 
of inducting war chief into office 

42: 299 sq. 
of initiation 45: 684; 47: 48 sqq., 

71-75, 99, 112 sqq., 263, 315 sqq., 

478, 540 sq., 795-803, 975-980. 
of installing cacique 47: 44. 
of installing war chiefs 47: 46. 
of Kiowa, study of 18: xliv sqq. 
of making symbolic moccasins 36: 

239-242; 45: 699-703. 
of Medicine dance 37: 362-374. 
of medicine societies 47: 109, 265, 

301, 629, 531 sq., 533 sq. 
of name-giving 42: 102. 



Ceremonies — Continued 
of naming child 47: 133. 
of Night feast 37: 329-343. 
of peace making 42: 441 sqq. 
of Pueblo Indians 14: 544, 550, 

573. 
of return of war party 37: 158. 
of Salt Woman 47: 336. 
of sending 36: 91, 155 sq. 
of shaping the moccasin 45: 547 sg. 
of Soldier's dance 37: 385. 
of stepping over grave 37: 151. 
of the Coeur d'AJene 45:176-197. 
of the Flathead 45: 386, 389, 394. 
of the moon 47: 330. 
of the Peyote cult 33: 105. 
of the Tiguex Indians 14: 595. 
of throwing out buckskins 37: 431, 

513, 544. 
of wake 37: 141-144. 
of weaving mat for shrines 45: 687- 

693. 
Omaha, at death 3: 229, 233. 
Omaha, on the fifth day after birth 

3: 245. 
orientation in 47: 529. 
painting 36: 242. 
paraphernalia of 47: 856-864. 
performed at placing of Zufii ladders 

8: 160. 
personation of gods in 21: 13. 
plants used in 30: 87-100. 
preliminary, of the Ni'-ki degree 

36: 153 sq. 
Pueblo, studied by Dr. J. W. 

Fewkes 14: 359. 
role played in, by clans 47: 39. 
scalp 47: 326-329. 
solstice 47: 219, 290-300 
summer, object of 47: 539 sq. 
time given to 47: 476. 
time of, set by cacique 47:41. 
use of drums in, by American 

aborigines 20: 34. 
use of pipes in, eastern United States 

20: 44. 
usual form of 47: 507. 
Wa-the'-the, the sending 43: 38 sqq., 
winter, object of 47: 539. 
See also Dances; Dedication; Kat- 

cinas; Bain-making; Bites; 

Bituals. 
Ceremonies, Snake, memoir on 16: 

267-312. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



195 



Cereso, Fathrr, cited 30:137. 
Cereus Giganteus. See Saguaro. 
Cereus sp., eaten by Guiana Indians 

38: § 247. 
Cereus Thurberii. See Pitahaya. 
Ceron, distribution of slave.s by 25: 

23. 
Cerrito, population of 26: 21. 
Certificate of Tshekat-shakeniau 1 4 : 

4.5. 
Cervantes, a Spanisti soldier 14: 503. 
Cessions of Land 
by Indians 2: xxm. 
by Indians, in Indiana 1: 257. 
mention of 1: xxvii, 249. 
original and secondary 1: 156. 
Cevola. See Cibola. 
Ch', phonetic value of 16: 218, 226. 
Cha land cessions and reservations 

18: 786. 
Ch'ab, meaning of 16: 253. 
Chabin day symbol discussed 16: 

252. 
Chabin, an Assiniboin division 15: 

161. 
Chac 
a Maya rain god 16: 208, 238. 
definition of 16: 226, 251. 
symbol in Dresden Codex 16: 225 

Chacbolay, meaning of 16: 226. 
Chachihuitlicue 1: 237. 
Chackinil. definition of 16: 261. 
Chaco Canyon, New Mexico 
archeolugical work in 37: 4. 
declared a national monument 28: 

18. 
excavations in 44: 9. 
implements found in 24: 648. 
work done in 45: 6. 
Chaco Buins 

and old world ruins compared. 16: 

80. 
character of 8: 14, 70. 
compared with Kin-tiel 8: 92. 
comparison with Casa Grande 13: 

186. 
finish of masonry of 8: 140, 226. 
finish of woodwork of 8: 149, 184. 
loop-holes in walls of 8: 198. 
symmetry of arrangement of outer 

opening of 8: 195. 
upper story, partitions of, supported 
by beams 8: 144. 



Chaco Valley 
description of 17: 478, 479. 
mention of 4: 315. 
Chadron builds hou,se 4: 114. 
Chaenactis Douglasii 45: 473. 
Chaetophora 33: 61. 
Chaffee, Capl. A. B., Kiowa camp 

destroyed by 17: 211. 
Chageluk, census 46: 132. 
Chahrarat, Pawnee name of the Sioux 

14: 10.57. 
Chaima Indians, religious beliefs of 

the 30: 118, 139. 
Chaimiut 46: 196, 200. 
Chain {or Connected) Mounds, 

where found 12: 536. 
Chain-twist pattern of weaving 38: 

§ 112. 
Chairs 

baby's hanging 38: § 913. 
lack of, in Pueblo houses 8: 212. 
of modern form in Zuni 8: 213. 
tabooed in Hopi kivas 17: 626. 
Cha''kani'na, a Caddo mythic cave 

14: 1093. 
Chakchiuma, identical with Ranjel's 

Sacchuma 42: 39. 
Chakekenapok in Potawatomi myth 

14: 207. 
Chakta. See Marriage; Masks; 

War. 
'Cha'kwena 

action of, with the first rabbit killed 

23: 92. 
arrival of 23: 140. 
departure of 23: 140. 
personator of 23: 140. 
visited by personators of her people 
23: 140. 
Chalaque 

De Soto's visit to 19: 24, 194. 

See also Synonymy; Tsa'lagi'. 

Chalcedony, formation of 44: 507. 

Chalchihuitl, an Indian amulet 9: 

588-591. 
Chaleur Bay, face decoration of In- 
dian women of 10: 220. 
ChaUt 46: 193. 
Chalitmut 

ceremonial objects from 18: 415. 
clothing of people of 18: 37 sq. 
condition observed at 18: 251. 



196 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Chalitmut — Continued 

implements and utensils from 18: 

67, 68, 70, 73, 76, 81, 89, 105 sq.. 

107, 109, 116, 137, 141, 143, 146, 

147, 148, 163, 164, 168, 195. 

ornaments from 18: 54, 56, 59, 60, 

62. 
shamanistic rites witnessed at 18: 

432. 
tobacco implements from 18: 274, 

278 sgg. 
toys from 18: 345. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 
211, 226, 228. 
Chalk Grade, Owen's VaUey, Calif., 

l)etroglyi)hs at 10: 58, 59. 
Challam Indians, illustrations of 

ornamentation by 6: 207. 
Challenge 

pictograpliic form of 10: 362. 
to war 4: 88. 
Chalmers, George, quoted on Mary- 
land's Indian policy 18: 569 sq. 
Chalowe, description of 8: 83. 
Chamaesyce SerpyllifoUa 33: 99. 
Chamber 

ceremony with fetishes in 23: 463. 
position of novices in 23: 476. 
Chamberlain, Dr. Alexander F. 
acknowledgment to 29: 12. 
material collected by 36: 20. 
mention of 46: 329, 331, 333, 346, 

367. 
on hand game, Kutenai 24: 286 

sq. 
on Mississauga curing wild rice 19: 

1065, 1066. 
on Mississauga threshing wild rice by 

flailing 19: 1069. 
on Mississauga wild rice floods 19: 

1063. 
on threshing wild rice in deerskhi 

lined hole 19: 1068. 
work of 24: xxvi; 26: xxiv; 

34: 21. 
See also Boas, F., and Chamber- 
lain, A. F. 
Chamberlain, T. B., examination of 

quarry shops by 15: 52. 
Chametko, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 786. 
Chametla. See Chiametla. 
Chamita, on site of Yuqueyunque 
14: 510, 525. 



Chamna', location of 14: 739. 
Chamna'pflm, sketch of the 14: 739. 
Champayan Lagoon 
mounds on 26: xv. 
ruins near 25: 276. 
Champlain, Samuel de, cited 7: 

78; 12: 618; 30: 20. 
ChampoUion, — , Egyptian negation 

signed by 16: 212. 
Chamuscado, F., expedition of 13: 

326. 
Chamuscado, Sanchez, Acoma visit- 
ed by 47: 25. 
Chan, meaning of 16: 230, 232. 
Chanabal 

method of forming numbers above 

ten 19: 906. 
number names of 19: 862. 
Chanca, Doctor — 

letter of, discussed 25: 77. 

on AntiUean mortuary customs 25: 

212 sq. 
on Borinquenos 25: 208. 
on Carib cannibalism 25: 50. 
on natives of Guadeloupe 25: 198 

on second voyage of Columbus 25: 

203. 
on the utia 25: 49. 
Chance, Sylvester 46: 31, 99, 114, 

172, 181. 
Chance 

influence of, on Seri life and mind 

17: 266*, 267* sq. 
part played by, in games 19: 

Lxviii sq. 
See also Games of Chance. 
Chandeswar, India, cup sculptures at 

10: 196. 
Chanelkai, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 784. 
Change 

of habitat modifies ideas 4: 370. 
of names, Antillean custom of 25: 

34, 36. 
of residence 38: § 292. 
Channing, Edward, acknowledgment 

to 14: 339. 
Chanter, Navaho 5: 385 sqq. 
Chanting 

among Siouan Indians 15: 184. 
See also Musical Accompani- 



bounerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



197 



Chants 

in Navaho ceremonial 8: 245, 241}. 
Menomini ceremonial 14: 78, 79, 

86 sq., 105. 
of Hekapa'kvve Ca'lako 47: 762- 

776." 
of Sayataca 47: 710-762. 
Chapin, F. H. 

.liflf ruins visited by 16: 81. 

on openings of Mancos ruins 16: 

165. 
on kiva decoration 16: 181. 
Chapine, reservation for 18: 716. 
Chaplets of Seeds, events recorded in 

42: 455. 
Chapman, Lieut. A. B., census of 
Pima and Maricopa by 26: 208?. 
Chapman, Arthur, interview of, with 

Wovoka 14: 766. 
Chapman, C. O., collection presented 

by 41: 116. 
Chapman, Jose, owner of Burton 

Mound 44: 57. 
Chapman, Dr. J. W. 46: 31, 56, 60. 
Chapman, Joseph, mention of 42: S. 
Chapman, K. M. 

acknowledgment to 29: 38. 
references to 29: 465, 466. 
Chapman, Robert H., specimens 

collected by 37: 30. 
Chappahsim, land cessions and reser- 
vations 18: 782. 
Character 

of Pueblo art 4: 266. 

of the Eskimo 18: 296, 298, 300, 

301 sqq. 
of the Indian 46: 593-602. 
of the Omaha, summary of 27: 

112 sqq. 
of the Seri 17: 83, 85, 92, 95, 96 
sq., 100 sq., 102, 103, 106. 
Characterization of accompanying 

papers 15: xciii. 
Charcoal 

deep 46: 67. 

Eskimo paint made of 18: 198. 
for painting the face 35: 899. 
in ancient quarry pits 15: 65. 
magic power of 28: 47, 52. 
Navaho method of preparing 2: 

175. 
on warriors' faces 45: 644, 646. 
sacred, a symbol of fire 39: 113. 



Charcoal — Continued 

sacred, songs relating to 39: 213, 

327. 
sacred, use of 39: 327. 
sacred, wi'-gi-e of 39: 214 sqg. 
use of, in medicine 14: 136. 
Charency, Le Comic H. de 
cited 2: 282. 
cited on Mexican symbolic colors 

10: 625. 
on Aztec number names 19: 878 .si;. 
on Chiapanecan number names 19: 

874. 
on Chichimecan number "fotir"' 

19: 876. 
on formation of Mayan number 

names 19: 865. 
on Mame numerals 19: 903 sg. 
on Mexican calendar symbols 3: 

41, 48, 49. 
on Mixtec number names 19: 872. 
on Opata and Cahita number names 

19: 867. 
on Othomi number names 19: 873. 
on Quekchi numerals 19: 901 sq. 
on Sonoran number names 19:868. 
on Shoshone number names 19: 

869, 870. 
on Tarahumare numbers 19: 923. 
on TzotzU number names 19: 863. 
Charger 

Blackfeet gentes given by 15: 219. 

on gentes of Two Kettles 15: 220. 

Chargers, powder, of the Eskimo 18: 

164 sq. 
Charity 

nature of 20: lxxxiii sq. 
Omaha 3: 274. 
Charles I. 

charter granted by 18: 551. 
commission appointed by 18: 551. 
Charles EC, respect for proprietary 
rights under charter shown by 
18: 530. 
Charles, Chief Abram 

material obtained by 38: p. 7. 
text dictated by 48: 12. 
Charleston, S. C. 

founding of 18: 630 sq. 
purchase of land for site of 18: 631. 
trail to 42: 751. 
Charleston, W. Va. 

mounds near 5: 51, 53, 55. 
remains below 42: 755. 



198 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Charleville, — , on Cherokee wars 19: 

371. 
Charlevoix, P. F. X. de 

a source of information 42: 680. 

cited 12: 618, 668. 

mention of 46: 329. 

on aboriginal Antilleans 25: 28,29. 

on Antillean amulets 25: 139. 

on Antillean dances 25: 69. 

on capture of parrots by Antilleans 

25: 50. 
on Carib canoe mailing 25: 208. 
on cave of Yobobala 25: 56. 
on derivation of Moquis 7: 77. 
on dice games, Huron 24: 106 sq. 
on dice games, Iroquois 24: 113 

sqq. 
on foods of Antilleans 25: 49 sq. 
on Fox Indian early habitat 14: 19. 
on Haitian ceremony for crops 25: 

67. 
on Haitian creation legends 25: 74. 
on Huron jugglers 14: 139. 
on implements from Amazon Valley 

25: 93. 
on Jamaican mortuary customs 25: 

71. 
on jugglery 14: 152 sq. 
on Menomini use of wild rice 19: 

1048. 
on nature of Green Bay area 19: 

1112. 
on Oto habitat 15: 195. 
on polygamy among Carib 25: 48. 
on racket, Miami 24: 269. 
on stick game, Miami 24: 231. 
on suicide of Antillean women 25: 

53. 
on the Menomini 14: 34, 36; 19: 

1107. 
on tossed ball, Miami 24: 708. 
temple described in journal of 41: 

508 sq. 
zemis figured by 25: 156. 
Charley, escape, surrender and shoot- 
ing of 19: 137, 157, 158. 
Charlie Hope Stations, steatite pits 

at 15: 132. 
CharUer, C. V. L. 46: 367. 
Charlotte, trail through 42: 778. 
Charlotte Court House, Va., trail 

from, to Kentucky 42: 764. 



Charms 

against sea monsters 35: 608. 
animal symbols used as 46: 412. 
belief in 30: 180, 181, 197, 233 sq., 

270; 46: 495. 
beliefs concerning 45: 196, 394 sq. 
blue hellebore used as 35: 175,608. 
carried in medicine bags 45: 193. 
chiton 35: 650. 
Guiana Indian, in necklaces 38: 

§ 532, 535. 
hunting, among the Menomini 14: 

67. 
in warfare 45: 118 s?. 
lizard used as 35: 645, 646. 
love, of the Menomini 14: 154, 

155. 
mention of 4: 201 sq. 
octopus used as 35: 649-652. 
of the Eskimo 13: 115. 
of the Zuni 2: 44. 
Peucedanum seed used as 35: 175, 

608. 
plants used as 44: 375 sq.; 45: 

505. 
snake tail u.sed as 35: 649 sqq. 
to insure crops 44: 436. 
toad feet used as 35: 649 sqq. 
use of 45: 505. 

use of, in the Southwest 44: 2.52. 
used in childbirth 35: 649 sqq. 
See also Binas; Kickshaws; Medi- 
cines; Talismans. 
Charms and Amulets 10: 501-505. 
Charm Stones from Sikyatki 17: 

729. 
Charm Trophies of the Seri 17: 

259* .<>qq. 
Charmed Suit, Iroquois tale of 2: 

92. 
Charnay, Desire 

ijattlemented structure figured by 

16: 246. 
day symbol copied by 16: 207. 
Charred Roof Timbers of Tusayan 

kiva 8: 120. 
Charring, fabrics preserved by 13: 

35. 
Charts 
of geographic features 4: 157. 
of Omaha kinship 3: 254. 
tattooed 4: 86. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



199 



Chase, — 

on Klamath arrow-fhipping 13: 142. 
on Oregon bone needles 13: 117. 
on Oregon cerenumial knives 13: 

116. 
on stone-chipping 13: 141. 
Chase, A. W. 

on .shinny, Mikonotunne and Mi- 

shikhwutmetunne 24: 623. 
on stick game, Mikonotunne and 
Mishikhwutmetunne 24: 236. 
Chase, Dr. WilUam 45: 35. 
Chase 

methods of the 11: 277, 316. 
usages connected with the 11: 274. 
Chase and War, collection of imple- 
ments of 3: 581. 
Chasing Silver, Navaho method of 2 : 

176. 
Chasing Hawk, vision of 14:797,821. 
Chasm Island, Australia, petro- 

glyphs in 10: 161. 
Chasta 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

796. 
See also Siletz Reserve. 
Chastisement 38: § 914. 
Chastity 
among Guiana Indians 38: § 733. 
attitude toward violation of 46: 

482. 
considered laudable 40: 81. 
of captives, violation of 46: 553. 
Zuni attitude toward 47: 875. 
See also Adultery; Virginity. 
Chat. Sec Huhu. 
Chata Language, studied by Prof. 

O. T. Mason 2: xxn. 
Chatard, F. E., on African knife 4: 243. 
Chatard, T. M., on African knife 4: 

243. 
Chatelain, Heli, on Angolan folk tales 

19: 442, 446, 447, 450, 452, 453. 
Cha'tha, Arapaho name of the Coman- 
che 14: 1043. 
Chatham County, Ga., pottery from 

20: 133, 136. 
Chato, Juan, fire ritual taught to 

47: 356. 
Chattahoochee River. 

Muscogee settled on 42: 45. 
place of, in Creek migration legend 

42: 39. 
Yuchi settled on 42: 46. 



Chattanooga, Tenn. 

mounds near 5: 77. 

old Indian towns at 42: 839. 

trails touching 42: 750, 839 sq. 
Chaudiere 

a Colville synonym 14: 732. 

Sec also Colville Indians. 
Chaui Band of Pawnee Tribe, ob- 
taining of record of Hako cere- 
mony from 22, ii: 13. 
Chaulpay,a Colville synonym 14: 732. 
Chautauqua Lake, N. Y., mdications 
of ancient works on the shores of 
12: 505. 
Chauvignerie, — 

on Assiuiboin habitat 15: 191. 

on Winnebago habitat 15: 196. 
Chavero, Alfredo 

archeological objects figured by 25: 
256, 280. 

on Mexican and Hindu counting 
19: 875 sq. 

on Nahuatlan counting 19: 878. 

on Nahuatlan water svmbol 17: 
569. 

on route of Cortes 25: 244. 

views of, on Mexican .symljols 3: 
46, 48, 49, 52, 54, 55. 

work of, concerning symbolism 21: 
13. 
Chaves, Francisco 

cat's cradle furnished by 24: 770. 

information furnished by 24: 669, 
793. 

on dice games, Keres 24: 121. 

on quoits, Keres 24: 724. 

on shinny, Keres 24: 629. 
Chaves Pass 

ruins at 17: 532, 573. 

turquoise frog from 28: 131,144. 
Chaves Pass Ruins 

asbestos found at 22, i: 110 sq. 

bone implements from, similarity of, 
to those of Four-mile Ruin 22, i: 
164. 

bone implements from, views oi 
22, i: 94. 

bowls from, bird designs on, de- 
scription and figures of 22, i: 75, 
76. 

bowls from, geometrical figures on, 
description and figures of 22, i; 
84. 



200 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Chaves Pass Ruins — Continued 
bowls from, quadruped designs on, 

description and figures of 22, i: 

71, 72. 
bowls from, views of 22, i: xxviii, 

XXIX. 

building material used at 22, i: 33. 

burials at 22, i: 34. 

cloth fragments discovered at 22, i: 

97. 
collections at, study of 22, i: 

XVIII. 

copper beU from, cut .showing 22, i: 

111. 
crania from, collection of 22, i: 

34, 110. 
date of work on 22, i: 17. 
description of 22, i: 33. 
dog's skull found at, features of 

22, i: 27. 
gorget from, cut showing 22, i: 86. 
horn objects from, reference to 

22, i: 96. 
human crania from, collection of 

22, i: 34, 110. 
Kaslin cup from, cut showing 22, i: 

96. 
location of 22, i: 23, 32. 
matting from 22, i: 98. 
metates found in graves at 22, i: 

104. 
mosaic ornaments found in 22, i: 

85, 86 sq. 
pottery from, similarity of, to that 

from Verde and Gila-Salado Val- 
leys 22, i: 34. 
prayer-sticks from, description of 

22, i: 100. 
shell ornaments from 22, i: 88, 89, 

90, 91, 92. 
skulls from, collection of 22, i: 

34, 110. 
specimens collected at, number of 

22, i: 18. 
stone implements found at 22, i: 

102 sq. 
Chavez, Candelaria, story concerning 

47: 207. 
Che, definition of 16: 260. 
Cheatham County, Tenn., remains 

in 41: 89, 496. 
Cheboygan Chippewa, re.servation 

for 18: 810. 
Chechawkose's Band, cession of re- 
serve for 18: 762, 766. 



Checker, decorative use of, in Hopi 

pictures 20: 83. 
Checker Designs 

in .stamp decoration, Florida Penin- 
sula pottery 20: 123. 
in stamp decoration, New Jersey- 
New England pottery 20: 176, 
177 sq. 
in stamp decoration. South Appala- 
chian pottery 20: 133 sq. 
use of, in color decoration, eastern 

United States pottery 20: 67. 
use of, Middle Mississippi Valley 

pottery 20: 86. 
See also Girdle Designs. 
Checkers 

among Northern Indians 11: 323. 
Indian 24: 796. 
Checkerwork in designs 41: 248. 
Checom, land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 784. 
Checks, interpretation of, in basketr_v 

41: 322. 
Cheek deformation among Guiana 

Indians 38: § .504. 
Cheeschapahdisch. See Cheez-tah- 

paezh. 
Cheese. See Ei'satc. 
Cheese-straw Game 24: 730. 
Cheever, — 

on arrow-chipping in California 13: 

138, 143. 
on Indian stone-chipping 13: 141. 
on spirally-feathered arrows 13: 
178. 
Cheez-tah-paezh 
account of 14: 706. 
See aUo Sword-bearer. 
ChegUugh 46: 176. 
Chehalis 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

832, 920. 
membership in Shaker church 

759. 
population of 7: 105. 
Shaker religion among the 
747. 
Chehalis Reserve, reservation 

18: 674. 
Chehalis Tribe 

basketry of 41: 136. 
dialect of 41: 383. 
Chehchuh, reservation for 18: 674 
Cheil, definition of 16: 260. 
Cheirization of the Seri 17: 157* s? 



14: 



14: 



for 



jea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



201 



Chekase's Band 

cession of reserve by 18: 758. 
reservation for 18: 740. 
Chekili 

Creek head chief 42: 3.3. 
legend given by 42: 33-38. 
mention of migration legend by 

42: 576. 
possible meaning of the name 42: 

33. 
sijeech of, on bison skin 42: 455. 
Chekisschee, a Lower Spokane syn- 
onym 14: 732. 
Chelahitsa, Chief Alexander, an in- 
formant 45: 263. 
Chelan, a Pima chief 26: 21. 
Chelan Lake, Wash. 

pet^ogl^^3h.s at 10: 33, 122 sq. 
pictographs at 4: 26. 
Chelaque, identical with Cherokee 

5: 89, 135. 
Chelly 

origin of name of 16: 79. 
See also Canyon de Chelly. 
Chelly Canyon 

cliff houses in 17: 578. 
occupied by the Navaho 17: 483. 
See aho Canyon de Chelly; Tsegi. 
CheUy Valley, treaty of 18: 780. 
Chemakum Tribe, basketry of 41: 

136. 
Chemehuevi 

a Paiute offslioot 14: 1048. 
arrow making by the 14: 275. 
bows of the 14: 281. 
Ghost dance among the 14: 805, 

814. 
habitat and population of the 7: 

110. 
number names of the 19: 870, 

876, 923, 929. 

stone arrowpoints of the 14: 283. 

stone chipping by the 14: 283. 

stone implements of the 14: 2.'i6. 

Chemi. Sre Zemi. 

Chemical PecuUarities, Eskimo 46: 

366. 
Chemin (feni). See Cemi; Famil- 
iar Spirits. 
Chemisez, Pima village 26: 21. 
Chenapodium Murale, Pima food 

plant 26: 73. 
Chenco or Chungke game 13: 99. 



Cheney, T. Apoleon. 
cited 12: 506, .543, 548. 
description of burial pits or ossuaries 
by 12: 546. 
Chenko. See Chunkey. 
Cheno, land cessions and reservations 

18: 784. 
Chenopodiaceae 33: 78. 
Chenopodiuin Album 33: 78. 
Chenopodium Ambrosioides, medi- 
cinal use of 42: 657. 
Chenopodium Botrys 45:502,503. 
Chenos Island, reservation of 18: 

756. 
Cheowa Maximum, myth concerning 

19: 405. 
Chequamkako's Band 

cession of reserve by 18: 762. 
reservation for 18: 742. 
Cheraw 

Cherokee relations with 19: 14, 

380. 
pearls found in 42: 739. 
sketch of 19: 498. 
Cherino, Pero Almidez. See Almi- 

dez. 
Cherokee 

adoption of constitution by 5: 241. 

295. 
alphabet of the 10: 655. 
aquatic burial of the 1: 180. 
attack by the, on Coweta 42: 54. 
baptism among the 26: 188. 
basketry of the 13: 16. 
bathing, rubbing and bleeding in 
medical practices of the 7: 333- 
336. 
battle of, with the Shawnees 10: 

122. 
beUef of, concerning comets 42: 

478. 
belief of, concerning springs 41: 

603. 
belief of, concerning the buffalo 41 : 

611. 
black pottery of 41:522. 
buildings used by, as temples 41: 

501 sq. 
burnt captives in mounds 12: 676. 
busk ceremonies of the 42: 602. 
cedar in mythology of the 14: 809. 
cessions of land by the 15: 130, 
131. 



202 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Cherokee — Continued 

charge United States with bad faith 
5: 296. 

coUection among the 23: i: xxxix. 

conception of the sun 14: 971. 

connection of, with South Appala- 
chian ware 20: 143 sg. 

color symbolism of 7: 342 sq. 

cultural distinctions of the 42: 
712. 

customs of the 41: 608. 

design from basket of 20: 171. 

exhibit relating to 17: lviii. 

field work among the 22, i: xii. 

final peace with 42: 61 sqq. 

financial diflBculties of the 5: 318, 
320. 

food of the, eaten cold 42: 521. 

games of the 24: 
dice games 105. 
hoop and pole 421, 475, 487. 
racket 562, 563, 574-588. 

gods of the, and their abiding places 
7: 340 sqq. 

Gordon people driven out by 41: 
556. 

habitat and population of the 7: 
78 sqq. 

habitat of the 20: 142, 143, 159. 

jurisdiction of the 5: 369. 

known by North Carolina and Vir- 
ginia settlers 5: 138,139. 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

630, 633, 634, 639, 652, 660, 668 

. sqq., 672 sqq., 680, 682, 684, 696, 

720, 744 sqq., 754, 778, 840, 848, 

878, 886, 888, 918, 920, 946. 

lands purchased from 27: 57. 

linguistic relationship of 20: 142; 
42: 712. 

linguistic work among the 10: xv 
sg. 

manuscripts of, containing sacred 
medical and other formulas, char- 
acter and age of 7: 307 sg. 

map made by 10: 341. 

material prosperity among the 5: 
260. 

meaning and derivation of name 
19: 182 sg. 

medical practice of the, list of plants 

used in 7: 324-327. 
Medicine dance of the 7: 337. 

medicines of the 42: 666. 



Cherokee — Continued 
memoir on myths of 19: xxxvii 

sqq., 3-548. 
memorials of the, in Congress 5: 

275, 277, 289. 
migration of the 5: 136. 
modern manufacture of pottery of 

the 20: 20, 52, 53-56, 71, 130, 

131 sg., 142, 173. 
modern pottery of the 20: 134,143 

sg. 
mound builders 12: 175. 
myth of the cedar 14: 979. 
mythology of the 24: 563, 578, 

580. 
myths of the 21: xxix; 22, i: 

XXXIV sg. 
new treaty proposed in 1854 bv the 

5: 320. 
paper on sacred formulas of, by J. 

Mooney 7: 301-397. 
peace pipe of the 14: 1063. 
pictographs of the 4: 33. 
pipes made by the 42: 704, 736. 
political excitement in 1860 among 

the 5: 324. 
Ponca name for the 27:103. 
popiUation of the 5:142,377,378. 
potter's paddles of the 10: 665. 
pottery of the 4: 371. 
power of Shawano prophet among the 

14: 676. 
probably mound builders 5: 60, 

87-107. 
progress in civilization of the 5: 

240. 
proportion of warriors to population 

14: 33. 
proposed removal of 5: 202. 
proposition of the, to become citizens 

5: 274. 
protest against claims in Georgia 

5: 272. 
references to customs of the 11: 

369. 
references to relationship terms of 

the 42: 96. 
removals of the 5: 214-218, 222, 

228, 254, 258, 260, 292, 341. 
religion of the 7: 319. 
resemblance of Pamunkey pottery to 

that of 20: 152. 
rotunda (Tcokofa) of, description of 

42: 178 sg. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



203 



Cherokee — Continued 

sacred formulas of the 36: 12. 
sacred regard of, for the crow 14: 

982. 
sacred regard of, for the eagle 14: 

1100. 
situation of , west of Mississippi 5: 

221, 292, 293. 
social divisions among the 42: 695. 
studies of fraternities, cults, and 

myths of 19: xxvi, xlvii. 
study of works of 11: xxvi. 
symbolic colors of the 1 1 : 532. 
symbolic use of colors by 10: 624- 

634. 
the Southern Confederacy and the 

5: 326, 332, 333, 342. 
trade of the 42: 736. 
treaties with the 5:133-178. 
treaty of 1866 with loyal 5: 346. 
treaty of 1868 concluded with the 

Southern 5: 346. 
treaty relations of, with the United 

States 5: 152. 
tribal tradition of the 17: 142. 
type of buildings of 42: 191. 
unification of eastern and western 

5: 294. 
use of fabrics by the, in pottery 

manufacture 20: 71. 
war against the 42: 773 sgg. 
war color of the 10: 631. 
war with the 5: 170. 
weaving by the 13: 23. 
work among the, of James jMooney 

34: 13. 
work on language of the 10: xix. 
works on myths of the 20: xxii sq. 
Cherokee and Creek, boundary dis- 
putes 5: 266. 
Cherokee and Osage, difficulties 

between 5: 242. 
Cherokee and Tallegwi, relation of 

5: 60. 
Cherokee, East, investigations among 

33: 17. 
Cherokee Advocate 

e,-tal>lishment of 19: HI, 112. 
myths ]Hil)lished by 19: 272 sry., 

449, 450. 
on treaty with South Carolina 19: 

31. 
on Western Cherokee history 19: 

146. 
revival of (1870) 19: 147, 151. 
00719°— 33 14 



Cherokee Agency 

attempt to annul treaty of 19: 

104. 
proposal made at treaty of 19: 

113. 
treaties of 19: 102, 120. 
Cherokee Almanac, establishment of 

19: 112. 
Cherokee Ball-play Dance 24: 600 

Cherokee Boundaries 42: 758. 
Cherokee Boundary of 1875, dis- 
satisfaction with 5: 160. 
Cherokee Boy, reservation for 18: 

690. 
Cherokee Census 

in 1825 5: 240. 

in 1835 5: 289, 377. 

in 1867 5: 351. 
Cherokee Cessions to the United 

States, area of 5: 378. 
Cherokee Citizenship 5: 367. 
Cherokee Clans 

equated with Natchez clans 42: 118. 

Hsted by J. iMooney 42: 118. 
Cherokee Confederate Regiment, 

desertion of 5: 329. 
Cherokee Constitution 5: 374,375. 
Cherokee Country, boundaries of 

5: 205, 354, 365. 
Cherokee Formtilas 

paper on, by James Mooney 41 : 56. 

See also Cherokee Sacred Formu- 
las. 
Cherokee Hostilities 5: 170, 173. 
Cherokee Indians. See Cherokee. 
Cherokee Lands 

appraisal of, west of 96° 5: 361. 

cession and sale of 5 : 348. 

purchase of 5: 210. 

removal of white settlers from 5: 
322, 323. 
Cherokee Messenger, establishment 

of 19: 112. 
Cherokee Nation 

political murders in 5: 297, 303. 

researches in 28: 12 sq. 
Cherokee Nation of Indians, by C. C. 

Royce 5: xlii-xliv, 121-378. 
Cherokee Neutral Land 

cession of 18: 840, 848. 

grant of 18: 754. 
Cherokee Outlet 

ces.-^ion of 18: 840, 888, 946. 

establishment of 19: 124, 139, 142. 



204 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 48 



Cherokee Outlet — Continued 

grant of 18: 888, 946. 

See also Cherokee Strip. 
Cherokee Path 

to Virginia 42: 752 sq. 

See also Old Cherokee Path. 
Cherokee Phoenix 

establishment of 19: 111, 112, 217 
sq. 

on Sequoya's ancestry 19: 108. 

sui)pression of . 19: 123. 
Cherokee Sacred Formulas 

collected by James Mooney 37: 
7 sqq. 

for ague and fever 7: 359-363. 

for ball play 7 : 395 sqq. 

for biliousness 7: 365 sq. 

for childbirth 7: 363 8?. 

for destroying an enemy 7: 391- 
395. 

for finding something 7: 386 sq. 

for going to war 7: 388-391. 

for hunting and fishing 7: 369-375. 

for inspiring love 7: 375-384. 

for killing a witch 7: 3&i sqq. 

for neuralgia 7: 356-359. 

for ordeal diseases 7: 367 sqq. 

for preventing a storm 7: 387 s?. 

for rheumatism 7: 345-351. 

for snake bites 7: 351 sqq. 

for worms 7: 353-356. 

language of 7: 343 .iq. 

notice of pa])er on 7: xxxix sq. 
Cherokee Settlements in Tennessee 

42: 749. 
Cherokee Strip 

cession of 19: 153. 

establishment of 19: 124,1.39,142. 

settlement of other Indians on 19: 
150, 151. 

See also Cherokee Outlet. 
Cherokee Towns, trails from 42: 

841. 
Cherokee Trace, mention of 42: 822 

sq. 

Cherokee Traders' Path 42:777. 
Cherokee War, mention of 42: 339. 
Cherokee Western Outlet 5: 246, 

248. 
Cheroki, mention of 3: xxv. 
Cherouse, E. C. 

material collected by 24: 156-253. 
on stick game, Snohomish 24: 
253 sq. 



Cherry 

belief concerning 45: 509. 

use of 45 : 488, 499. 

wild, beverage made from 44: 317. 

wild, in Iroquoian cosmology 21: 
282. 

wild, medicinal use of 43:264. 

wild, use of 44: 291. 

See also Prunus Serotina. 
Cherry Bark, use of 45: 497, 498. 
Cherry Hill, Tenn., trail forked at 

42: 849. 
Cherry Pond Mountain, trail 42: 



70. 



145. 



"Cherrybird," carving of the 
Chert 

colors of 44: 506. 

Eskimo implement made of 18: 
113. 

formation of 44: 505. 

geological distril)ution of 44: 506 
sq. 

leaf-shaped implement of 41: 521. 

not adapted to pecking 15: 96. 

origin and character of 44: 505 sq. 

use of name 44: 505, 532. 

varieties of 44: 507. 

.See also Chert Quarries; Flint. 
Chert Quarries at Mill Creek 44: 

530 sq. 

Chesapeake Bay 

archeologic work on 13: xxvi; 

15: XXI. 
archeologic remains on 15: xxviii. 
■study of archeology of 15: xxv. 
Chesapeake Branch of Great Indian 

Warpath 42: 758. 
Cheaspeake-Potomac Province 
location of 15: 20. 
memoir on stone implements of 
15: 13. 
Chesapeake Valley, occurrence of 

Irotiuoian ware in 20: 164. 
Cheschopah. Sec Cheez-tah-paezh. 
Chese - cha - pahdish. See Cheez- 
tah-paezh. 
Chese - Topah. See Cheeze-tah- 

paezh. 
Chesholm, J. D., reservation for 

18: 671, 674. 
Chest, in western Eskimo 46: 244, 

249, 253. 
Chest Ornaments of Guiana Indians 
38: § 537. 



JEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



205 



Chester, E. W., iustructerl as to 

treaty with the Cherokee 5: 205. 

Chester, Greville J., specimens ool- 

lected by 34: SO. 
Chesterfield, Lord, on gestures of 

orators 1: 311. 
Chestnut 

leaves of, medicinal use of 43: 26o. 

pudding, making of 32: 188. 
Chestnuts 

guarded by wizards 32: 201. 

journey to secure 32: 150,207,216. 

use of, as food 32: 148, 187, 199, 503. 
Chevikunsene. See Eunnesee. 
Chevereah, Juan, Maricopa head 

chief 26: 21. 
Chevlon Fork, reference to 28: 220. 
Chevlon Pass, work at 17: xLVi. 
Chevlon Ruins 

armlets from, figures of 22, i: 89, 
90. 

asphalt found at 22,1: 111. 

basketry from, coiled type, cut show- 
ing 22, i: 99. 

basketry from, Oraibi type, cut show- 
ing 22, i: 98. 

bird figures on pottery from 22, i: 
73. 

bird-shaped vessel from, figurine 
showing 22, i: 68. 

bird-snake vase from, figure sliowing 
22, i: 68. 

bone awls from, reference to 22, i: 
94. 

bovif and arrows from, reference to 
22, 1: 100. 

bowl from, bison de.sign on, descrip- 
tion and figure of 22, i: 72. 

bowls from, bird figures on, descrip- 
tion and figures of 22, 1: 74, 77 
sq., 79. 

bowls from, geometrical designs on, 
description and figure of 22, i: 
83 sq., 85. 

bowls from, rain-cloud symbols on, 
character of 22, i: 73 sg., 156. 

bowls from, rain-cloud symbols on, 
figure showing 22, i: 74. 

burial place at 22, i: 32. 

collection from, study of 22, i: 

XVIII. 

crania from 22, i: 110. 
cups from, figures showing 22, i: 
65, 66. 



Chevlon Buins — Continued 
date of work on 22, i: 17. 
duck-shaped vessel from, figure of 

22, i: 67. 
ear pendants from, cuts showing 

22, i: S6, 87. 
luiman crania from, collection of 

22, i: 110. 
ladle from, figure showing 22, i: 62, 

63. 
lignite ornament from 22, i: 87. 
location of 22, i: 23, 30 sqq. 
matting from, abundance of 22, i: 

97, 98. 
metates found in graves at 22, i: 

104. 
mosaic ornaments from 22, i: 85, 

mug from, figures showing 22, i: 

66. 
objects obtained from, number and 

character of 22, i: 18, 23. 
ornaments, mosaic, found at 22, i: 

85, 86. 
ornaments, shell, from 22, i: 88, 

89, 90, 91, 92. 
prayer stick from, exceptional char- 
acter of 22, i: 100. 
rattle from, made from Conns shell, 

cut showing 22, i: 91. 
reference to 28: 139. 
shell objects from, figures showing 

22, i: 92. 
skulls from 22, i: 110. 
stone implements found at 22, i: 

102, 103. 
stone-slab, with rain-cloud design, 

from 22, i: 104 sq. 
turtle carapaces from 22, i: 95, 96. 
Chevron 

appearance of, in syml^olism of Woe 

21: 66, 67. 
as an element in design 4 1 : 244, 

253. 
in Hopi pictures 21: 77, 79, 101, 

119. 
interpretation of 41: ZV2 sq. 
Chevron Designs 

Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 90. 
See also Decoration.. 
Chewelah 

a division of the Kahspel 45: 312. 
country occupied by the 45: 312 s^. 



206 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



|eTH. ANN. 48 



Chewelah — Continued 

some chiefs of the 45: 378. 

supijosed origin of the 45: 321. 
Chewing of toljacco by the Eskimo 

18: 271 69. 
Chewing Gum 

root used for 30: 68. 

used by the Pima 26: 78. 
Cheyenne 

absence of clans among the 14: 
956; 17: 227. 

and Kiowa warfare 14: 1079. 

and Sioux early warfare 14: 1059. 

Arapaho warrior order derived from 

attacli of Kiowa by 17: 271. 
Bent's recommendation as to 17: 

183. 
burial case of the 1 : 162, 163. 
burial lodges of the 1: 154. 
ceremonial arrows of the 13: 116. 
character of the 17: 234. 
chronology of the 17: 234. 
considered aberrant Algonquian 

47: 3. 
dance with Kiowa of the 17: 379. 
delegates, visit of, to Wovoka 14: 

774, 778, 817, 894, 900, 901. 
description of village of the 17: 

183. 
destruction of village of the 17: 

187. 
effect of Porcupine's visit on the 

14: 819. 
fires built by the, in Ghost dance 

14: 921. 
first ac(iuaintance of the Kiowa with 

the 17: 153. 
Flathead name for the 45: 302. 
former habitat of the 14: 1029. 
friendly overtures from the 17: 

179." 
games of the 24: 

archery 384. 

basket game 59 sq. 

dice games 54, 58-61, 126. 

double ball 647, 649. 

hand and foot ball 705 sq. 

hand game 269, 276. 

hoop and pole 429 sq., 442, 445 
sg., 507. 

popgun 758. 

racket 563. 

ring and pin 529, 530-533. 



Cheyenne — Continued 

games of the 24 — continued 

shinny 619 sg. 

snow-snake 400 sq. 

tops 734. 
Ghost dance among the 14: xxxix, 

653, 786, 802, 817, 895, 915, 926, 

927. 
Ghost dance doctrine spread by 14: 

902. 
Ghost dance studies 13: xxxii. 
glossary of the 14: 1039. 
heraldry of the 23: xvii. 
hostilities with the, in 1867 and 1868 

17: 183, 186. 
hostilities of the, in 1874. 17: 202, 

252. 
hunting ground of the 27: 89. 
Kiowa friendliness toward the 17: 

168. 
Kiowa hostility to tlie 17: 156, 

157, 160, 273". 
Kiowa peace with the 17: 172, 

275. 
knowledge of Messiah among the 

14: 894. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

786, 824, 838, 846, 848, 852, 856, 

888, 918, 940 sqq. 
language of the, study of 14: xli. 
massacre of the, by Chivington 17: 

180. 
massacre of the, by the Kiowa 17: 

271. 
measles among the 17: 342. 
medicine wheel from the 24: 437. 
mention of the 4: 101, 115, 118, 

132, 133, 134, 139, 141, 142, 144. 
murder of party of the 19: 209. 
myths of the 19: 229,441,443,449, 

452: 465 sq. 
name of the, in sign language 45: 

148. 
name of the Arapaho 14: 953. 
name of the Cheyenne 14: 1043. 
name of the Kiowa Apache 14: 

1081. 
name of the Sioux 14: 1057. 
Navaho hostility toward the 17: 

301. 
notion concerning thunder 14: 969. 
Omaha attack on the 27: 87. 
Omaha contact with the 27 : 73. 
Omaha name for tlie 27:102. 



BONNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



207 



Cheyenne — Continued 

opening of lands of the 17: 278. 
outlji-eak of 1874 by tlie 17: 200. 
party to peace treaty 27: 74, 218, 

376. 
peace council participated in by the, 

in 1872 17: 190. 
planned uprising among the 17: 176. 
population of the 14: 1025. 
possession of Blacli Hills by the 17: 

157, 166. 
prisoners, deportation to Florida of 

17: 213. 
raids in Texas by the 17: 177. 
refusal of Kiowa alliance by t he 17: 

190. 
rehgion of the 14: 775. 
researches among the 24: xvi sq.; 

25: XIII sq. 
reservation experience of the 14: 

833. 
sacred medicine of the 17: 242. 
scouts in Sioux outbreak 14: 867, 

881. 
sketch of the 14: 1024. 
skulls, vault of 48: 7. 
slaughter of Pawnee Indians l:)y tlie 

17: 175. 
smallpox among the 17: 311. 
songs of the 14: 1028. 
status of the, in 1859 17: 182. 
study of the 15: lxxii, lxxx. 
surrender of the, in 1875 17: 211, 

212. 
sword-bearer among the 14: 706. 
symbolic representation of the 14: 

706. 
synonymy of the 14: 1023. 
torture of captives by the 17: 203. 
traders among the 17: 318. 
treaty agreement of 1865 bv the 

17: 179. 
treaty of 1865 with the 17: 180. 
treaty of 1866 with the 17: 183. 
tribal divisions of the 14: 1025. 
tribal medicine of the 19: 503. 
tribal signs for the 1: 464. 
wars with the 45: 305. 
See also Cheyenne Indians; etc.; 

Southern Cheyenne. 
Cheyenne Agency 
charts at 4: 94. 
cross 4: 252. 
fight near 4: 102. 



Cheyenne Agency — Continued 
pictograph letter 4: 160 .fq. 
symbol for 4: 123, 166, 172 sq. 
Cheyenne and Arapaho Shields, 
paper on, by James IVIooney 41: 
56. 
Cheyenne Division of Algonquian 
languages, relationship of 28: 
229, 289. 
Cheyenne Indians 

letter writing by the 10: 363 sq. 
name for the 29: 573. 
tribal designations of the 10: 382s?. 
visit of the, to Washington 34: 28. 
See also Cheyenne; etc. 
Cheyenne Language 

consonantic clusters in 28: 284. 
description of 28: 232 sqq. 
inanimate plural of nouns 28: 274. 
pronunciation of 28: 226. 
reference to 28: 225. 
relationship of 28: 22, 237, 274, 

280, 286. 
.See also Northern Cheyenne. 
Cheyenne Biver Agency 
delegates from, to Washington 14: 

891. 
delegates from, to Wovoka 14: 820. 
Indians of, in Sioux outbreak 14: 

885. 
table of rations at 14: 839. 
waning of Ghost dance at 14: 846. 
Cheyenne Biver Reserve 
change in 18: 938. 
e.stablishment of 18: 932. 
Cheyenne Tribe 

habitat of the 7: 48, 109. 
population of the 7: 49. 
treaty cited 7: 114. 
Cheyenne War with General Mac- 
kenzie 4: 146. 
Chi, definition of 16: 243. 
Chia 

Indian village mentioned by Jara- 

miUo 14: 587. 
mention of road to 14: 587. 
viDages of, cannon deposited in 14: 

503. 
See also Sia. 
Chiaha 

a Lower Creek Red town 42: 126, 

255. 
allocation of clans in beds at 42: 
201, 204. 



208 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Chiaha — Continued 

arrangement of square ground of 

42: 229 sqq., 279, 280. 
bison dance held by 42: 528. 
busk ceremonial of 42: 603. 
clan councils of 42: 126. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 

has 42: 193, 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42: 

161. 
dances of, description of 42: 551- 

554. 
fire making at busk of 42: 555. 
mention of 42: 324. 
position of beds at 42: 199. 
Spanish visits to 19: 23, 24, 26, 28, 

197, 199, 200. 
Chiaha Seminole 

a Red town 42: 127, 257. 
allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 234 sq., 292. 
clan councils of 42: 127. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 

has 42: 193, 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42: 

161 sq. 
house at, for ceremonial objects 

42: 186. 
plan of ceremonial ground of 42: 

235, 293. 
position of beds at 42: 199. 
Chiametla 

appointment of Trejo in 14: 500. 
death of Samaniego at 14: 383,480. 

547. 
desertion of 14: 383. 
Chiapanec, number names of 19: 

874, 878. 
Chiapas, ruins of, inscriptions of 19: 

800. 
Chiaroscuro, development of 19: 

LXXVI. 

Chibcha 

method of forming numbers 19: 

918. 
symljols used by the 10: 615 sq. 
Chibukak 46: 210. 
Chic, day symbol, discussed 16: 254. 
Chicago 

cession of site of 18: 656. 
occurrence of Middle Mississippi 
Valley pottery near 20: 80. 



Chicago — Continued 

origin of name 14: 238. 

treaties of 18: 702 sqq., 750. 

See also World's Columbian Expo- 
sition. 
Chicago Tribune, wild rice harvesting 
illustration published in 19: 
1057. 
Chicagua Bapids, Venezuela, petro- 

glyphs at 10: 148 sqq. 
Chicasa 

join the Na'htchi 7: 96. 

population of the 7: 95. 
Chicchan day symbol discussed 16: 

229, 238, 241. 
Chich, phonetic value of 16: 233. 
Chichan, meaning of 16: 232. 
Chichen-Itza, inscription at, symbols 
from, description and figures of 
22, i: 300. 
Chichilticale, description of 13: 295. 
ChichilticalU 

Coronado's description of 14: 554. 

description of 14: 516. 

described by Jaramillo 14: 584. 

described by Mota Padilla 14: 487. 

first sight of, by Coronado 14: 387. 

identification of 26: 26. 

hmit of Diaz's e.xploration 14: 303. 

references to 28: 53, 54. 

visit of Diaz to 14: 480. 

visit of Friar Marcos to 14: 475. 
Chichimecas 

Mexican Indian 14: 529. 

Mexican word for braves 14: 524. 
Chichi iiagamut 

conditions observed at 18: 251 sq. 

implements from 18: 139 sg. 

shamanistic rites observed at 18: 
431. 
Chichinak 46: 193. 
Chicholm, Jesse, interpreter at treaty 

of 1865 17: 180. 
Chickadee, myths concerning 19: 

285 sq., 319, 454, 468. 
Chickahominy 

discovery of remnants of 22, i: 

XII. 

grant of land to 18:567. 
massacre by 18: 564. 
Chickamauga Band 

declaration of war by, in 1792 19: 

71, 72. 
emigration of 5: 150, 151. 



BONNEBJEiJ 



SXJBJECT INDEX 



209 



Chickamauga Band — Continued 
hostility of, in 1875-1894 19: 62- 

67, 70, 72-78. 
origin of 19: 54. 
Chickamauga Gulch, pseudo myth 

concerning 19: 413 sq. 
Chickamauga Path 42; 848 s?g. 
Chickamauga Town, Old, trail of 

42: 750. 
Chickamauga Towns 

deetruction of 19: 55, 78 sq. 
expedition against 19: 60. 
Chickasaw 
a stockaded town 42:438. 
and Kasihta, friendship of 42: 51. 
adoption among the 42: 705. 
adultery punished by the 42: 697. 
association of the, with Creeks 

42: 590. 
ball-game of the 14: 129. 
beliefs and usages of the 44: 169- 

273. 
beliefs of the 42: 482, 497, 513, 710. 
burial customs of the 42: 389. 
ceremony of the, on retm'n of war 

party 42: 421 sqq. 
collection of information regarding 

the 40: 5. 
cultural relationships of the 42: 

712. 
customs of the 42: 358 sq., 424, 

700, 702, 706. 
deerskins worn by the 42: 682. 
distinct origin of the 42: 260. 
divisions of day among the 42: 

398 sq. 
dwellings of the 42: 687, 688. 
final location of the 44: 175. 
greetings of the 42:450. 
hair dressing of the 42: 684. 
head flattening among the 42: 687. 
introduction of smallpox by the 

17: 275. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

559 sq., 636, 650, 660, 668, 682, 

694, 738, 752, 764 sqq., 788, 794, 

806 sqq., 840. 
land cessions by the 19: 86. 
lands claimed by the 42: 811. 
legendary origin of the 42: 50, 

55 sq. 
map of land ceded by the 42: 815. 
marriage customs of the 42: 36S 

sqq. 



Chickasaw — Continued 

medical practices of the 42: 622. 
mention of the 42: 35, 39. 
mourning customs of the 42: 383. 
name of the, for deity 42: 482. 
names given by the, to the seasons 

42: 400. 
names of the, for supernatural beings 

42: 481. 
Natchez among the 19: 386. 
of Muskhogean stock 42: 677. 
part of the, given refuge by the 

Creeks 42: 46. 
physical type of the 42: 677. 
preparation of paper on 42: 7; 

44: 4. 
priesthood of the 42:620. 
publication on subject of the 45: 2. 
punishment among the, for adultery 

42: 349. 
racket game among the 24: 597. 
resemblance of the, to the Creeks 

44: 173. 
sketch of the 19: 499, 500. 
social divisions among the 42: 695. 
stools used by the 42: 689. 
traditional separation of the, from 

Choctaw 44: 177. 
traditional western origin of the 

44: 175. 
traditions of origin of the 42: 40. 
trail used by the 42:811. 
treaty with Virginia and North 

Carolina by the 19: 63. 
war of the, with the Creeks 42: 51. 
war of the, with the Shawnee 42: 

811. 
witchcraft among the 42: 633 sg. 
See also Chickasaw Indians. 
Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and 

Cherokee, boundary between 5: 

205. 
Chickasaw Bluffs 
road to 42: 822. 
treaty of 18: 660. 
Chickasaw Council House, treaty of 

18: 682; 19: 98. 
Chickasaw Country, three districts 

of 44: 212. 
Chickasaw Indians 
attack on Cumberland towns by 

19: 62. 
attitude of, in Civil War 19: 148. 
attitude of, in Creek War 19: 90. 



210 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 



Chickasaw Indians — Continued 
boundary between the Cherokee and 

19: 62, 66. 
Cherokee relations with 19: 14, 

38, 44, 67, 72, 371, 389 s?., 494. 
defeat of the French by 19:477. 
friendliness of, toward the Englisli 

19: 35. 
recent practice of potter's art b\- 

20: 130. 
See also Chickasaw. 
Chickasaw Old Fields 
location of 42: 851. 
sojourn of Chickasaw at 44: 175. 
traditional settlement of 44: 177. 
trail of 42: 822. 
treaty of 18: 674; 19: 85. 
Chickasaw Old Town, location of 

44: 176. 
Chickasaw Region, trails from, to 

Mobile Bay 42: 823. 
Chickasaw Trace, road known as 

42: 811, 852. 
Chickasaw Trail 
naming of 42: 744. 
route of 42: 822. 
Chicken, Col. George, expeditioQ 

under 19: 33. 
Chicken Dance 

description of 42: 530 s?. 
mention of 42: 523, 524. 
Chicken Eatcina 

introduction of, among the Hopis 

21: 17. 
See also Kowako. 
Chickeny, member of Menomini court 

14: 35. 
Chickweed 

use of 44: 293. 
See also Stellaria Media. 
Chicote, Samuel, head chief 42: 

331. 
Chidester, J. D., house sites on farm 

of, in Arkansas 12: 245. 
Chief 

as peacemaker 37: 209, 210. 
descent of office of 36:68. 
duties of 36: 67; 37: 319, 320. 
festival after death of 35: 1088, 

1091 sq. 
functions of 37: 209 sq. 
heahng powers of 36: 71. 
leaves his tribe 35:863. 
lodge of, a refuge 37: 209. 



Chief — Continued 

of Sparrow society 35: 1152. 

one, for each great division of the 

tribe 36: 67. 
potlatch property given to 35: 878. 
relation of, to his people 35: 1273- 

1277, 1333-1344; 37: 319. 
religious concept concerning choice 

of 40: 181. 
sacred objects in Hako ceremony 

carried by 22, ii: 23. 
selected from Thunderbird clan 37: 

320. 
signs for 1 : 353, 416. 
symboUsm of house of 36: 68 sq. 
titles of 35: 1354 sq. 
tribute to 35: 1333-1344. 
young men work for 35: 1043. 
See also Chiefs. 
Chief Clan, native name for 42: 117. 
Chief, Coweta, description of 42: 

308. 
Chief-Eagle, Otto, assistance ren- 
dered by 33: 46. 
Chief Feast 

food served at 37: 319. 

object of 37: 319. 

property of four Bird clans 37: 

318, 319. 
symbohsm of 37: 321. 
time of 37: 318, 321. 
Chief Fool Dance 35:966. 
Chief Joseph, surrender of 17: 351. 
Chief Mountain, information from 

31: 485. 
Chief Speakers, office of 42: 329. 
Chief World, chosen in council 32: 

332, 341. 
Chiefs 

afraid of parents of twins 35: 689. 

among the Osage 15: 235. 

as religious officers during buffalo 

hunt, Omaha 3: 357. 
authority of the 46: 622. 
burial of 42: 701. 
ceremonial house of 47: 210. 
ceremonial, hst of 47: 255 sq. 
chosen from subgens 43: 91. 
clans furnishing 42: 50, 192-197. 
classes of 45: 262. 
clothing of 27: 355, 356. 
comparative beliefs regarding 47: 

348. 
counseling 42: 316. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



211 



Chiefs — Continued 

course of increase in number of 42: 

317. 
Dakota, status of 15: 222. 
descent of, among the Dakota 15: 

221. 
duties of 45: 263, 374 sq.; 46: 

431 sq., 441. 
effect of trader's influence on 27: 

630 sq. 
election of 42:330; 44:215; 45: 

152, 376. 
election of, under new government 

42: 330 s?. 
Eskimo choice of 18: 303 sqq. 
Eskimo terms for 18:304. 
filling vacancies among the 42:320. 
Flathead, list of names of 45: 376 

sq. 
function of, among Siouan Indians 

15: 214. 
honors paid to, at death 44:233. 
in the League of the Iroquois 43: 

462. 
increase in number of 42: 317. 
instruction of, at installation 42: 

332. 
list of 42: 331. 
location of dwelling of 42: 174. 
marriage of 42: 369. 
marriage of daughter of 35: 777. 
Menoniini, descent of 14: 39, 43. 
Menomini, genealogy of 14: 44-60. 
Menomini, succession of 14: 44. 
most influential in 1791 42: 323. 
of the dance 45: 262. 
of I.utcapogo 42: 210. 
of tlae Nikola-SimUkameen country 

45: 262. 
of Tusayan 15: 268. 
Okanagon, genealogy of 45: 263- 

275. 
Omaha, deposition of 3: 362. 
Omaha, election of 3: 358. 
Omaha, head of 3: 357. 
Omaha, position of 3: 216. 
Omaha, powers of 3: 362. 
one for each grand division 27: 135. 
order of names in feast 35: 792. 
part in ritual of White Buffalo Hide 

27: 289. 
Pend d'OreiUes 45: 377. 
people work for 31:429. 
position in feast 35: 766, 767. 



C hief s — Continued 

position of 27: 601 sq.; 45: 152 

sqq. 
power of 42: 315 sq., 319. 
prominent, list of 42: 322. 
qualifications for 45: 376. 
rank of 44: 213. 
responsible for safety of his people 

31: 430. 
rival, in seal feasts 35: 460, 461. 
sacred inauguration of 3: 359 sq. 
seating of, at general council 42: 

311, 312. 
selection of 44: 213 sq. 
social position of daughter of 35: 

776-779. 
special nose and ear ornaments used 

by children of 31: 431. 
status of 42: 696. 
subordinate 3: 357. 
Tukabahchee, selected from Eagle 

clan 42: 148. 
Tlingit, names of 26: 402-407. 
valuable garments, children of, dress 

in 31: 431. 
who can be elected, Omaha 3: 358. 
Wyandot, election of 1: 61, 62. 
See also Cacique; Chief; Chief- 
tainship; Council of Seven 

Chiefs; Hunting Chiefs; Little 

Chief; Minko; Officers; Town 

Chief; War Chiefs. 
"Chiefs" (if the Eskimo 9: 429 sq. 
Chiefs, Assistant 

clans from which selected 42: 285. 
duties of 42: 287. 
selection of 42: 285, 286 sq. 
Chief's Badge in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 76. 
Chief's Bed 
caUed the "White Bed" 42: 277. 
one of four beds 42: 191. 
position of, in various towns 

197-200. 
Chiefs, Food of the 

blood-soup of seal 35: 457. 
currants and salal-berries 35: 
fern-roots 35: 523. 
hmbs of seal 35: 459. 
long cinquefoU-roots 35: 541, 544. 
parts of porpoise 35: 750. 
parts of seal 35: 750. 
salmon-cheeks 35: 329. 
winkles 35: 510. 



42: 



578. 



212 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. » 



Chiefs, Society of the Yuchi, refer- 
ence to 42: 156. 
Chief ship among the Seri 17: 275* 

Chieftaincy, devolves upon the chief's 

younger brother 3 1 : 499. 
Chieftainess 

duties of 35: 780. 
proper behavior of 35: 396. 
Chieftainess Dance 35: 1148. 
Chieftainship 

alternation to, between two clans 

42: 287 sq. 
among the Assiniboin 15: 223 sq. 
early history of 27: 202. 
eligibility for 45: 263. 
emoluments of chiefs and keepers 

27: 212 sq. 
hereditary nature of 44: 191, 192. 
of 27: 635. 

id punishments of 27: 
213-216. 
orders of chiefs 27: 202-206. 
settlement of 46: 432 sq., 435. 
succession in 45: 376; 46: 449. 
through ability 45: 262. 
through heredity 45: 262. 
See also Chiefs; etc. 
Chigh, meaning of 16: 233, 261. 
Chignik 46: 188. 
Chigoe Dance, description of 42: 

534. 
Chigoes, lameness caused by 30: 217. 
Chihuahua, Mexico. 

collections from 23: xn. 

field work in 23: ix, xvii. 

petroglyphs in 10: 131. 

shells among the aborigines of 28: 

145. 
See also Casas Grandes (Chihua- 
hua). 
Chikasa Indians, tattooing of the 

10: 394. 
'Chi'kialikwe. .See Rattlesnake Fra- 
ternity. 
Chikin 

meaning of 16: 233. 
symbol in Maya codex 16: 225. 
Chila 

city of Huaxtec 25: 231. 
remains of 26: xvi. 
Chilam Balam 

book of 3: 53, 59, 60. 



Chilam Balam — Continued 

book of, on value of ahaus in Maya 

calendar system 19: 717. 
calendar wheel of 3: 53, 59, 60. 
Chilcat, population of 7: 87. 
Chilcotin Tribe 

basketry of 41: 133, 134, 135, 142, 

180, 182, 196, 201, 223, 229, 230, 

231, 233, 246, 247, 250, 336, 344- 

351, 356, 361, 372, 373. 

characteristics of basketry of 41: 

230, 233. 
designs of, related to Tlingit 41: 

374. 
of Athapascan stock 41: 373. 
Child 
application of the term 42: 83, 92. 
blessed by gentes 43: 71 sq. 
cradling of 35: 658. 
gesture signs for 10: 643 sq. 
giving of gentile names 36: 50. 
illegitimate 35: 1075, 1094, 1106. 
love of parent for 36: 50. 
method of carrying 40: 47. 
newborn, treated by mother of twins 

35: 667. 
newborn, treatment of 42: 360. 
newborn, washing of 35: 652, 656. 
rite of anointing the 22, ii: 222- 

226. 
rite of blessing the 22, ii: 266-259. 
rite of cleansing the, with water 

22, ii: 216 sqq., 351. 
rite of painting the 22, ii: 227-2.34. 
rite of putting the symbols on the 

22, ii: 235-242. 
rite of seeking the 22, ii: 201 sqq., 

345. 
rite of touching the 22, ii: 214-222, 

348. 
sex of, known before birth 40: 47. 
signs for 1: 304, 356. 
symbolism of, in Hako ceremony 
" 22, ii: 346. 
ten-months old, painting of 35: 

933. 
thank ofifering for the 22, ii: 246. 
See also Children; Daughter; Son. 
Child Bearing, age of 46: 513. 
Child Flogging, ceremonial of, at 

Walpiand Hano 21: 69. 
Child-naming 

among the Mandan 15: 241. 
ceremony, meaning of 43: 30. 



bonnerjeaJ 



SUBJECT INDEX 



213 



Child-naming Bituals, importance 

of 43: 31. 
Child-naming Wi'-gi-e 43: 75-84. 
Childbirth 

among northern Indians 11: 271. 
among the Omahas 3: 263. 
among the Pima 26: 185 nq. 
among the Tlingit 26: 429. 
beUefs concerning 11: 511, 516; 

40: 491 
ceremonials connected witli 1 1 : 

132. 
customs connected with 40: 317 

sqg., 463; 42: 358-362, 698; 44: 

221 sqq.; 45: 166, 278 sq.; 46: 

429, 516 sq. 
ease of deh very in 40:47; 42:361. 
Eskimo customs relating to 9: S6, 

414 sq.; 18: 289 sqq. 
medical practices connected with 

42: 658, 662, 665, 670. 
references to 27: 584, 585. 
shamanism in 40: 319. 
See also Birth; Conception; Preg- 
nancy. 
Childhood, customs relating to 11: 

190, 482. 
Childers, Ellis 

acknowledgment to 42: 32. 
ceremonies described by 42: 551, 

556. 
Chiaha chief 42: 551. 
Chiaha square ground described by 

42: 230. 
information obtained from 42: 

603. 
Children 
adoption of, among the Eskimo 9: 

419; 18: 290. 
affection of parents for 9: 417 sqq.; 

38: § 911. 
age of, at initiation 47: 135. 
among the Pima 26: 104, 185 sqq. 
amusements of 9: 417; 27: 362- 

366, 369 sq. 
at religious ceremonies 47: 541 .sq. 
baby names abandoned 27: 117. 
begetting of 30: 325 sq. 
behavior of 46: 520. 
betrothal of 44: 228. 
binas for 30: 285, 286. 
birth of, burning of cord 30: 323. 
birth-mark of 30: 326. 



Children — Continued 

burial of 9:426 s?.; 41:499,520 

sq., 537, 546, 547, 560, 598, 601, 

604; 42: 390. 
care and training of 27: 327 sq. 
care of 42: 363; 46: 444. 
care of, in times of war 13: 350. 
eeremoniaUy flogged 15: 283, 284, 

ceremony connected with 47: 42. 

clothing of 45: 72. 

condition among Northern Indians 

11: 269. 
conduct of 47: 135. 
consecration of boy to Thunder 27: 

122-128. 
correction of 46: 520. 
crying of 30: 171 
customs concerning 30: 319-326; 

40: 269; 46: 519. 
dancing of, at gens festival 40: 

225 sq. 
decapitation of, in war 37: 161. 
deceased, food for 47: 276. 
deformed, cause of 30: 187, 371. 
deformed, sacrifice of 30: 325. 
dehvery 30: 321, 323, 326. 
desire for 30: 187. 
dispoisal of, on death of fatlier 45: 

172. 
disposition of, in cases of divorce 

42: 371, 374, 377. 
divided in separation 35: 895. 
dolls distributed to 15: 283, 288. 
education of 42: 363-367; 44: 

222 sqq.; 45: 281 sq. 
Eskimo 46: 37, 96. 
Eskimo, crania 46: 294-299, 310. 
Eskimo, introduction into kashim of 

18: 286. 
Eskimo, method of naming 18: 289, 

424. 
Eskimo, myths concerning 1 1 : 265. 
Eskimo, number of births of 9: 38 

sq., 414, 419. 
Eskimo of Point Barrow, number of, 

among 9: 38 sq. 
Eskimo, physical characteristics of 

18: 28. 
Eskimo, temperament of 18: 308. 
exempt from sweat baths 27: 585. 
feeding of, by fathers 22, u: 105- 

117. 



214 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(eth. 



Children — Continued 
fostering of 45: 281. 
food of 30: 295. 
frightened by katcina 47: 937. 
friglitened in ceremony 15: 282. 
games of 38: § 609-622. 
gestures of young 1: 276. 
gifts to, by Icatcinas 15: 295. 
given away by parents 9: 419. 
grief over loss of 46: 573. 
hardening of 42: 366. 
illegitimate, care of 42: 354. 
in Wa'wa" ceremony 27: 379 sq. 
Indian, Eskimo, Yukon 46: 161. 
inducing birth of 30: 84, 85, 96, 

325 sg. 
infanticide 9: 416 sq. 
initiated into K'atsina cult 47: 42. 
initiation of, in Navaho ceremonial 

8: 266, 267. 
initiation of, into Katcina organiza- 
tion 47: 71-75. 
instruction of 37: 180. 
introduction into tribe 27: 117. 
introduction to Cosmos 27: 115 sg. 
isolation of mother during birth of 

9: 86, 415. 
killed at Wounded Knee 14: 876, 

877, 885. 
male, most desirable 46: 521. 
marriage of 42: 371. 
means of having 35: 644. 
medicines for 30: 49, 51, 55, 62; 

47: 218. 
method of carrying during infancy 

9: 415 sq. 
mortality among 46: 513. 
mortuary customs for 40: 321, 

453-461. 
namingof 11:190; 44:187,188; 

47: 318. 
naming of, among Borinqueiios 25: 

47. 
native, at Anvik 46: 69. 
of chiefs, prominence of 45: 263. 
Omaha, target arrows of the 13: 

286. 
omens 30: 275. 

ordeals, in bearing 30: 319-322. 
orphan, care of 46: 576. 
Osage, namingof 15: 237. 
part taken by, in ceremony 47: 



Children — Continued 

Picurfs, stories told to 41 : 84. 
playthings (dolls) of 9: 380 sq. 
presented to the sun 47: 134,635. 
prohibited from seeing ceremonies 

15: 288. 
prohibited from seeing masks 15: 

296. 
property of 27: 362; 38: § 736, 

915. 
puberty ceremony of 27: 128-133. 
punishment to 42: 363 s?. 
rearing and education of 9: 417 

sq.; 47: 218 sq. 
rites connected with 27: 597. 
sacred shell intrusted to 27: 455, 

457. 
selection and duties of 22, ii: 18, 

19. 
sickness of, cause of 30: 171. 
singeing of hair of 35: 825, 827. 
Siouan games of 15: 174. 
spirits 30: 324 sq. 
sympathetic magic practiced on 9: 

383 sqq. 
term of nursing 9: 415. 
torture of , as captives 46: 551,552. 
toys of 9: 376-383. 
training of 44: 207; 45: 161. 
treatment of 37: 178; 40: 109, 

321. 
treatment of, in war 27: 403, 426. 
uninitiated 35: 919. 
Western Eskimo, notes on 46: 213, 

227. 
whipping of , at initiation 47: 72. 
whipping ordeal of 45: 168, 282. 
See also Boys; Child; Children, 

Omaha; Education; Etiquette; 

Girls; Infants; Pregnancy; 

Puberty; Stillborn. 
Children, Omaha 

adoption of 3: 265, 281. 
clothing of 3: 265. 
diseases of 3 : 265. 
games of 3: 340, 341. 
life of 3: 265. 
numl)er of 3: 264. 
Children's Amusements 24: 30, 

31, 715 sq. 
Children's Dance. See Wahikwine- 



SUBJECT INDEX 



215 



Children's Diseases, remedies used 
for 42: 656, 657, 658, 665, 666, 
66S, 669. 

Chile 
acknowledgments to officials of 18: 

XXIX. 

petroglyphs in 10: 159 sq. 

researches in 30: 11-15. 
Chile 

coriander used with 30: 66. 

food seasoned with 30: (i9, 70. 
Chilhowee 

myth concerning 19: 375. 

threatened burning of, in 1792 19: 
73. 
Chilicoti, Sonora tree 26: 176. 
Chili vik 46: 204. 
Chilkat ( = Tlingit locality). 

clan 26: 408,410,41.3,415,418. 

description of feast at 26: 430. 
Chilkat ( = TUngit tribe) . 

calendar of 26: 427. 

clans and house groups of 26: 404. 

games of the 24: 
hand game 287 sq. 
stick games 243 sq. 

mention of 26: 396. 

phratries and clans of 26: 400. 

town.s of 26: 397. 
Chilkat Indians 

cedar bark blankets made by 10: 
217. 

ceremonial garments of 10: 429 sg. 

pietographs made by 10: 217. 
Chilkoot, a Tlingit town 26: 397. 

clans of 26: 413 sg. 
Chilla 

day symbol discussed 16: 207. 

meaning of 16: 213. 
Chillicothe, Ohio 

a Shawnee settlement 42 : 785. 

builders of mounds about 20: 194. 

earthworks near 13: xxvii. 

mounds near 1: 117, 118; 5: 46. 

pottery from near 20: 193. 

trail near 42: 786. 
Chilli whack, stick games of the 24: 

249, 
Chilluckittequaw, a Chiliiktkwa 

synonym 14: 741. 
ChiUula Tribe, mention of 7: 132. 



Chilocco 

Re.serve, establishment of 18: 916. 
School, Kiowa children at 17: 352. 
Chiia'ktkwa, sketch of the 14: 741. 
Chimakuan Family 7: 62, 63. 
Chimakum 

habitat and population of 7: 62. 
language, grammar of 26: xxii. 
Chimalpopoca Codex 

interpretation of mythic concept in 

16: 221. 
mention of 3: 46. 
ChimaphUa TJrabellata, use of 44: 

288, 360. 
ChimaphUa Umbellata Occidenta- 

lis 45: 462, 476, 494. 
Chimarikan Family 7: 63. 
Chimayo, blankets of the 29: 342. 
Chimehuevis in Pima- Yuma battle 

26: 47. 
Chimmesyan Family 7: 63 sqq. 
Chimmesyan Stock 

implements employed by, in stick 

games 24: 227. 
tribes of the 24: 

Niska 240, 281, 471, 628, 709, 

736. 
Tsimshian 240, 736. 
Chimnahpura, a Chamna'pum syno- 
nym 14: 739. 
Chimnapoos, a Chamna'piim syno- 
nym 14: 739. 
Chimneys 

absence of, at Sikyatki 17: 646. 
absence of, in Verde cavate lodges 

13: 187, 256, 257. 
described and figured 8: 167-180. 
not built by the Menomini 14: 

253. 
remains of, at Matoaki 8: 86. 
remains of, at Tusayan 8: 102. 
remains of, at Zuni 8: 111. 
traces of K 'iakima 8: 85. 
See also Fireplaces. 
Chimney-hoods, how constructed 8: 

169-175. 
Chimney-hke Structures 

at ruined Pueblo in Arizona, descrip- 
tion of 22, i: 49. 
discussion of 16: 182-190. 
in Casa Blanca 16: 110. 
in cliff kiva 16: 125, 129. 
in cliff outlook 16: 144. 



216 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Chimney-like Structures — Contd. 
in cliEF ruins 16: 119. 
in Mummy Cave ruin 16: 113, 
115, 116. 
Chimu, Peru, ornamentation of "Hall 

of Aral>esques" at 6: 251, 252. 
Chin Beard, account of 26: 50 sq. 
China 

coast of, connected with America 

14: 513, 526. 
petroglyphs in 10: 185. 
China day symbol discussed 16: 

232. 
Chinachichibat, native name of Dog 

soldiers 14: 986. 
Chi'nachine'na, an Arapaho priestly 

order 14: 989. 
Chinaman, Tewa name for 29 : 573. 
Chinaware, fragments of, taken from 

mound 44: 167. 
Chinax day symbol discussed 16: 

258. 
Chine Berry 33: 98. 
Chinese 

characters, connected with signs 1 : 

356, 357. 
characters, expedient of the, in place 

of signs 1: 306. 
conventional characters of 10: 649 

sq. 
ideographs and gesture signs of 10: 

637, 642, 643, 644, 645. 
ideographs by, for sickness 10: 

590. 
ideographs for prisoners by 10: 

600. 
Indian belief of origin of 14: 721. 
mnemonic devices of 10: 226, 227. 
mourning colors of 10: 631. 
resemblance of British Columbia 

Indians to 46: 33. 
resemblance of, to Indians 46: 36. 
symbolic writing of 10: 618. 
topographic representations by 10: 
344. 
Chingassanoo, reservation at 18: 

756. 
Chinig 46: 196, 200. 
Chinking 

of cliff dwelling masonry 16: 102 
sqq., 107 sq., 118, 123, 127, 142, 
144, 148, 150 sq., 159 sq. 
ofwaUs 13: 248. 



Chinlee Valley 

description of 17: 478. 

ruins in 16: 80. 
Chine Valley, Ariz. 

early migration into 28: 218. 

references to 28: 196, 204, 215. 

ruins of 28: 201, 216. 
Chinook 

aerial burial in canoes of the 1: 
171. 

aquatic burial of 1: 180. 

dictionary and grammar of 23: 

XXXV. 

games of the 24: 

four-stick game 327. 

hand game 281 sq., 300. 

racket 562, 563, 673. 

stick games 240. 
hypnotism among the 14: 762. 
jargon 1: 313. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

832. 
linguistic studies among the 24: 

XXII. 

mourning cradle of 1: 181,182. 
Chinook Dictionary, in preparation 

24: XXI sq. 
Chinook Indians 

burial vaults of the 10: 523 sq. 

medicine-ljag of the 10: 504. 
Chinook Jargon 

character and use of 19: 187 sg. 

introduction of 45: 261. 

use of 45: 373. 
Chinook Language, grammatical 

notes on 26: xxi, xxii. 
Chinook Texts 

memoir on 15: XLVi, l, liv, lxii. 

Sec also Boas, F. 
Chinook Tribe, mention of 41:136. 
Chinookan Bibliography 

preparation of 15: xxiii, xxvi, 

XXXI, XXXV. 

work on 14: XLiii. 
Chinookan Family 7: 65 s?. 
Chinookan Languages, bibliography 

of 13: XLI. 
Chinookan Stock 

implements employed by, in stick 

games 24: 227. 
tribes of the 24: 

Chinook 240, 281, 573. 
Clackama 328. 
Clatsop 282, 782. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



217 



of 



Chinookan Stock — Continiiid 
tribes of the 24 — continued 

Dalles Indians 158, 307. 

Wasco 282, 472. 
Chinquapin, Water 
a sacred food 39: 195. 
See also Nelumbo Lutea. 
Chiogenes Hispaniola 

beverage made from 44: 317. 
use of 44: 288, 307. 
Chip-chip Shell Heap, descripti 

34: 66 sq. 
Chi'pia, settlement of party of gods at 

23: 407. 
Chipiapoos in Potawatomi myth 14: 

207. 
Chipmunk 

in Menomini myth 14: 229. 
representation of, in Hopi katcina 

masks 21: 116. 
stripes on, in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 253. 
Chipmunk Katcina. See Kona. 
Chippewa 

burial superstitions of 1 : 200. 
confederation of, with Cherokee 1 8 : 

841. 
confederation of, with Potawatcmii 

18: 779. 
derivation of the name 42: 
games of the 24: 

dice games 61-68. 

double ball 648, 650 sq. 

European games 791. 

hidden ball 340 sqq., 351. 

hoop and pole 427, 446. 

racket 562, 563, 564-567, 
573, 611, 616. 

ring and pin 533 sq. 

shinny 620 sq. 

snow-snake 401 sqq., 404, 405. 

stick games 229. 

tops 734. 
grave posts of the 4: 199 sq. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

648, 650, 654 sqq., 666 sqq., 674 

sqq., 680 sqq., 684-688, 698 sqq., 

702 sqq., 710 sqq., 714, 716 sqq., 

722 sqq., 750, 756 sqq., 764, 766, 

768, 776 sqq., 780, 794 sqq., 802 

sqq., 810, 812, 816, 820, 826, 828, 

830 sqq., 834, 840, 844 sqq., 856, 

858, 862, 866, 870, 874, 886, 894, 

904, 908, 912, 916, 918, 

944. 



12 sq. 



568, 



Chippewa — Continued 

relations with the Omaha 27: 102. 

scaffold burials of the 1: 161, 162. 

See also Ojibwa. 
Chippewa Customs, preparation of 

paper on 45: 11. 
Chippewa Ethnobotany, preparation 

of paper on 45: 11. 
Chippewa Indians 

mourning among the 1 : 184. 

mourning colors of 10: 630. 

papers on 41: 37,60. 

plants used by 44: 285-397. 

practice of tattooing by the 10: 
406 sq. 

researches among the 41: 13 s^. 

visit of, to Washington 34: 28. 

widows among 1 : 184, 185. 

See also Chippewa. 
Chippewa Music 

paper on 34: 2R. 

researclies in 29: 19. 

study of 30: 21, 23, 24. 
Chippewa Texts, revision of 45: 5. 
Chippewanaung, treaties of 18: 

762. 
Chippeway. See Ojibwa. 
Chippeway River, wild rice in 19: 

1034. 
Chippewyan 

games of the 24: 
archery 385. 
hand game 272. 

population of the 7: 55. 

tattooing of the 4: 65. 
Chipped Stone 

articles of, discussion of 13: 132. 

implements of, Seriland scarcity of 
17: 241* sq., 246* sq. 
Chipping 

stone, how accomplished 13: 139. 

See aho Arrowheads. 
Chiquito, Colo. 4: 306. 
Chiribias, a Zapotec goddess 16: 255. 
Chiricacua Apache 

Tewa names for the 29: 573. 

See also Apache (Chiricahua). 
Chiricahua Mountains, field work in 

22, i: xiii. 
Chiricahua Reserve 

discontinuance of 18: 888. 

establishment of 18: 860. 
Chiriqui, Colombia 

Ancient Art of the Province of, by 
W. H. Holmes 6: 13-187. 



218 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Chiriqui, Colombia — Continued 
character of pottery of 20: 20. 
collection from tombs at 6: xlix. 
cup sculptures in 10: 193 sq. 
paper on decorations in 20: 65. 
Chironomia, by Rev. Gilbert Austin 

1: 289. 
Chisca 

object of De Soto's search 41: 610. 
Spanish visits to 19: 23, 27, 201. 
Chisels 

aboriginal method of making 15: 

68. 
and scrapers described 13: 83. 
antler 45: 218. 
copper, types of 37: 88. 
distribution of 15: 142. 
fossil shell 34: 80, 137. 
how finished 15: 26. 
method of haf ting 15:112. 
mention of 25: 192. 
of the Eskimo 9: 172 sq.; 18: 86 

sq. 

of stone 34: 94 sq., 135; 45: 41. 

used in steatite working 13: 72; 

15: 28, 116, 121, 122, 123, 125, 

126, 127, 128. 

Chisholm, John D., deputized by the 

Cherokee to treat 5: 212. 
Chisholm. See Chesholm. 
Chistiakof, P. E. 46: 126. 
Chitimacha 

adultery punished by the 42: 697. 
beliefs of the 42: 482, 710. 
ceremony of the 42: 707. 
fa.sting among the 40: 547. 
hair dressing of the 42: 684. 
head flattening of the 42 : 686. 
information concerning clans of the 

42: 118. 
linguistic material of the 30: 19. 
poisoning practiced by the 42: 697. 
puberty customs of the 42: 698. 
religious beliefs of the 42:709. 
researches among the 28: 12; 30; 

18, 22. 
smoke holes used by the 42: 688. 
social customs of the 42:695. 
the brachycephalic type 42: 677. 
Chitimacha Culture Area, features 

of the 42: 716. 
Chitimacha Language 
dictionary of the 29: 13. 
grammatical sketch of the 39: 13. 



Chitimachan Family 
mention of 7: 66 sq. 
possibly allied to the Attacapan 7: 
57. 
Chitimachan Group, linguistic rela- 
tions of 42: 678. 
Chitnak, mention of 46: 212. 
Chiton 

as a charm, used in childbirth 35: 

650 sq. 
boiled 35: 483. 
eaten by poor people 35: 488. 
eaten raw 35: 485. 
gathering of 35: 480. 
large, baked 35: 486. 
large, boiled 35: 487. 
large, gathering of 35: 484. 
names of 35: 480. 
roasted 35: 480, 482. 
Chitto Hadjo, headquarters of 42: 

251. 
Chiukak 46: 196, 200. 
Chiulee Creek, Ariz., petroglyphs on 

10: 51. 
Chivaria, Juan, in fight at "Bloody 

Tanks" 26: 50. 
Chivington, Colonel — , 

Cheyenne massacre by 17: ISO, 

183; 19: 209. 
on Indian affairs in 1863 17: 314. 
Chivington and Wounded Knee 
Massacres, comparison of 14: 
881. 
Chivola, meaning of name 26: 24. 
Chiwiwa, Manuel, hunt chief 47: 

2G1. 
Chiwiwa, Merihildo, war chief 47: 

260. 
Chiwiwi, Maria, pottery made by 

47: 351. 
Chiylla. See Chilla. 
Choah symbol in Troano Codex 16: 

234. " 
Chobahahbish. See Dwamish. 
Choch, meaning of 16: 237. 
Chocha (or Chuchon), number names 

of 19: 872, 930. 
Choco, meaning of 16: 242. 
Choco, Panama, method of forming 

numbers 19: 917. 
Chocolate Grinders 

of the Antilleans 34: 223, 224. 
.See also Grinders. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



219 



Choctaw 

addicted to gaining 42: 457. 
attitude of the, in Civil War 19: 

148. 
attitude of the, in Creek War 19: 

90, 91. 
ball game of the 14: 129. 
beliefs of the 42: 497, 710. 
Cherokee relations with 19: 72, 

390. 
communal burial of the 12: 677. 
customs of the 42: 424, 700, 702, 

707. 
deficiencies of, in swimming 42: 

demonstration bj' the, against the 

Enghsh 42: 421. 
dictionary of, publication of 30: 19. 
dwellings of the 42: 687, 688. 
funeral ceremonies of the 1: 186. 
games of the 24: 

dice games 146. 

hoop and pole 421, 485 sq. 

racket 562, 563, 598-605. 

tossed ball 709. 
hair dressing of the 42: 683. 
head flattening of the 42: 686. 
in Texas, union of, with the Cherokee 

19: 143. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

559 sq., 636, 650, 660, 662, 664, 

672, 684, 700 sqq., 708, 726, 764 

sqq., 796, 806 sqq., 840. 
mound burial of the 1: 120. 
mourning customs of the 42: 383. 
myths of the 19: 501. 
name for Cherokee 19: 15 sq., 182 

sq. 
names of the, for the seasons 42: 

400. 
names for Indian tribes 19: 182 sq. 
of Muskhogean stock 42: 677. 
physical measurements of the 43: 

14. 
population of the 7: 95. 
proportion of warriors to population 

14: 33. 
prostitution among the 42: 697. 
reference to the 28: 12. 
reference to scafi'old burial of the 

42: 235. 
scaffold burial of the 1 : 169. 
sketch of the 19: 500. 
social divisions of the 42: 695. 

95719°— 33 15 



Choctaw — Continued 

source of strength of the 42: 324. 
sources of information on the 42: 

680. 
tattooing among the 42: 686. 
the brachy cephalic type 42: 677. 
trail used by the 42: 811. 
type of buildings of the 42: 191. 
use of discoidal stones by the 13: 

99. 
wars of the, with the Alabama 42: 

425, 426. 
woven pouches and blankets of the 

13: 24. 
See aho Choctaw Indians. 
Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee and 
Creek, boundary between 5: 
205. 
Choctaw Culture Area, features of 

42: 716. 
Choctaw Dictionary 29: 23; 30: 

19, 24; 36: 29. 
Choctaw Indians 

ancient notices of 10: 347. 
bowl made by (1800) 20: 102. 
collection of information regarding 

40: 5. 
election of chiefs of 44: 215. 
mode of divination of 10: 494 sq. 
preparation of paper on 44: 4. 
recent practice of potter's art by 

20: 130. 
traditional separation of, from Chick- 
asaw 44: 177. 
See also Choctaw. 
Choctaw Language, dictionary of 

34: 26. 
Choctaw-Muskhogee Family of Gal- 
latin 7: 94. 
Choctaw Towns 

description of, by J. Adair 7: 40. 
trails through 42: 823. 
Choctawhatchee Bay, pottery of 20: 

108-112. 
Chocuyem, a Moquelumnan dialect 

7: 92. 
Choenenanee land cessions and reser- 
vations 18: 782. 
Chohoptins, a Sahaptin synonym 

14: 744. 
Choich, meaning of 16: 234. 
Choinuck land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 782. 



220 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Choiskai Mountains, description of 

17: 477. 
Choke cherry 

beverage made from 44: 317. 

mention of 33: S8. 

useof 44: 291,321,369; 45: 477, 

490. 
used in basketry 41:145,148. 
See also Prunus Virginiana. 
Chokimena land cessions and reser- 
vations 18: 782. 
Choi 

method of forming numbers aljove 

ten 19: 906. 
numbernamesof 19:862. 
Cholceh, equivalent to xolke 16: 

233. 
Cholera 

among the Indians 4: 142. 
among the Kiowa 17: 173. 
among the Pima 26: 42 sq. 
epidemic of 1849 17: 289. 
Cholera, Asiatic, cedar used as a 

remedy for 33: 64. 
Cholera Infantum, treatment for 

44: 346. 
Cholla Cactus 

character of 26: 92. 
in Pima tales 26: 243, 249. 
Cholovone, division of the Mariposan 

7: 90. 
Cholula Pyramid, Mexico, visited by 

Dr. J. W. Fewkes 26: xv. 
Ch6nshita, treaty of 1867 signed liy 

17: 186. 
Chontal, number names of 19: 862. 
Chooch, meaning of 16: 237. 
Chookchancie land cessions and 

reservations 18: 782. 
Chopawomsie Island, viUage sites on 

15: 71. 
Chopped Oak, traditions concerning 

19: 415 sq. 
Chopping Block 35: 514. 
"Chopping" Fish 38: §190. 
Choptank Indian, grant of land to 

18: 573 sqq. 
Chopunnish 

a Pa'lus synonym 14: 735. 
a Sahaptin synonym 14: 744. 
population of the 7: 107. 
Choris, Louis 46: 219, 231. 

on dice games, Olamentke 24: 144. 



Chorus 
appearance of, in Buffalo dance 21 : 

30, 31. 
appearance of, in Hopi festivals 2 1 : 

44, 48, 77, 93. 
appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 88. 
Cho-se-ta. See Chonshita. 
Chota, trail through 42: 750. 
Chota Ford, trail from 42:841. 
Chote. See Echota. 
Choukeka's Village, location of 37: 

51. 
Chouteau, Auguste 

an early Kiowa trader 17: 262. 
Menomini treaty commissioner 14: 

20, 21. 
reference to map of 18: 751. 
trading post of 17: 171, 263. 
treaty commissioner in 1837 17: 
170. 
Chow Le (Lip), on making ancient 

Chinese arrows 24: 213. 
Chowanoc, perhaps a Tuscarora tribe 

7: 79. 
Chowchilla 

games of the 24: 
hand game 294. 
hoop and pole 484. 
shinny 631. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 
782, 822. 
Chozetta, a Biloxi division 15: 164. 
Christ, as an Acoma supernatural 

47: 67. 
Christening, mode of 30: 306. 
Christian, Col. WiUiam 
expedition under 19: 50. 
life of 19: 205 sq. 
peace agreement arranged by 19: 

51, 53. 
report of, cited 42: 766. 
Christian Art, significance of color 

in 10: 622 sq. 
Christian Ceremonies, similarity of, 

to Indian 47: 976. 
Christian Indians 

land cessions and reservations by 

18: 650, 704, 706, 792. 
See also Munsee. 
Christian Influence 42: 55 sq., 78, 
482 sq. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



221 



Christian Religion 

attitude of chiefs toward 42: 3: 
Zuni attitude toward 47: 494. 
Christianity 

among the Cherokee 19: 37 

S3 sq., 110-113. 
among the East Cherokee 19: ] 
effect of, on Indian ceremonials 

718. 
how regarded by the Hopi 16: '. 
influence of, in Indian religion 

699. 
influence of, in Shaker religion 

750, 761. 
influence of, on the Kiowa 



introduction of, at Kituwha 19: 

165. 
See also Civilization; Missiona- 
ries. 
Christianization of Indians, jug- 
glery opposed to 14: 138, 139. 
Christmas, ceremonies connected witli 

47: 106. 
Christmas Dancing 47: 303-306. 
Christmas Food 9: 547. 
Christy, Henry 

human masks from Mexico secured 

by 3: 96. 
mention of 46: 333, 370. 
on symbols 4: 82. 
Christy Collection, wooden mask in 

3: 104. 
Chronometry of the Eskimo 18: 

234 sq. 
Chronologic Arrangement 12: 28. 
Chronology 

attempted by the Indians, system i;if 

4: 127. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 116, 

120 sqq., 123, 128. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 162. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 102 sq. 
Mayan, Goodman's system of 19: 

792-800. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 82. 
New Jersey- New England pottery 

20: 178, 179. 
Northwestern pottery 20: 143. 
of the Kiowa 17: 365. 
pictographic 10: 265-328. 



Chronology — Continued 

.South Apiialachian pottery 20: 

139, 142 .-^qq. 
value of simplicity of ware in deter- 
mining 20: 24. 
See also Modern Pottery-making. 
Chuac, syml)ol in Maya hieroglyphs 

16: 226. 
Chuc, meaning of 16: 232. 
Chuch, significance of 16: 22.5. 
Chuchon. See Chocha 
Chuck Billy, reference to 40: 43. 
Chuen 

and akbal symbols compared 16: 

221, 225. 
day symbol, discussion of 16: 212, 

24 1" 
discovery concerning, by Goodman 

19: 711. 
in Mayan chronology, value uf 22, 

i: 204. 
symbol for 22, i: 223. 
Chuenche, definition of 16: 243. 
Chugachigmut Masks 3: 120, 128. 
Chuhe 

method of forming numbers above 

ten 19: 905. 
number names of 19: 863, 880. 
Chukchansi 

games of the 24: 
dice games 138. 
football 698, 702. 
foot-cast ball 711. 
hoop and pole 482. 
hot ball 714. 
shinny 680. 
Chukchee 

affinities with the Eskimo 46: 365. 
attempt at Kaltag 46: 55. 
attempted invasion of Seward Pen- 
insula 46: 86, 117, 118. 
clothing of the 18: 30. 
Eskimo battlefields 46: 86. 
ethnologic specimens from the 18: 

21. 
houses of the 46: 169. 
influence on Eskimo of the 18: 23. 
measurements of the 46: 259. 
mi.xture with the Eskimo 46: 226. 
of Asia 7: 74. 
of Asia (Siberia), tattooing of the 

10: 414. 
paddles used by the 18: 225. 
sleds used by the 18: 208. 



222 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Chukchee — Continued 

trading voyages by the 18: 230. 

trading with the American natives 
46: 96 sg. 

use of bolas by the 18: 1.'55. 
Chxikchee Crania 

basiofacial diameter 46: 279-2S2. 

facial 46: 266. 

facial angles 46: 285. 

means 46: 286. 

mention of 46: 254, 257. 

nose 46: 268, 270. 
Chukchee-Eskimo half-bloods, physi- 
cal characteristics of 18: 28. 
Chukchee Grammar 33: 29. 
Chukchee Language 

paper on 36: 30. 

work on 34: 20. 
Chukchee Peninsula 

mention of 46: 177, 238, 361. 

old sites 46: 210, 213. 

skulls from 46: 231, 232, 234, 237. 
Chukubi 

description of 8: 58, 59. 

fragments of passage wall at 8 : 181. 

puelilo built by the Squash people 
8: 25. 

ruins of, discussion of 17: 583. 
ChukwhOk, description of 18: 248. 
Chumanas Indians, Brazil 

dyes used l)y the 10: 222. 

totem marks of the 4: 167. 
Chumash Indians 

l)reparation of data on 44: 5. 

.shell drilling by the 14: 266. 

study of ethnobotany of the 44: 6. 
Chumashan 

family 7: 67, 68. 

languages, Salinan held to be dialects 
of 7: 101. 
Chumashan Indians 

studies of the 40: 10. 

work among the 45: 3. 
Chumashan Stock 

mention of 24: 472, 628 sq. 

studied by J. P. Harrington 37:16; 
38: p. 11. 
Chuma'wa, a Pit River band 14: 

10.52. 
Chumayel, Chronicle of, on value uf 
ahau in Maya calendar system 
19: 717. 
Chumpo, an Acoma leader, reference 
to 47: 27. 



Chungke. See Chunkey Game. 
Chungke Game 13: 99. 
Chunkey Game 

description of 42: 466, 706; 44: 

243 sq. 
mention of 24: 485 sq., 487, 510, 
512 sq. 
Chunkey Pole 

description of 42: 188, 189 sq. 
location of 42: 175, 176 
Chunkey Stones 
care of 42: 466. 
town property 42: 337. 
Chunkey Yard 

description of 42: 175, 176, 188, 

190. 
location of 42: 171. 
origin of the term 42: 189. 
plan of 42: 176. 
Chunkey Yards, mention of 24: 486 

sqq., 512 sq. 
Chunute land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 782. 
Chup, meaning of 16: 253. 
Chu'pawa, choir of 23: 475. 
Church, Captain — , on scalping by the 

whites 19: 208. 
Church 
at Zuni, desecration of 13: 337. 
at Zuili, how regarded by the natives 

13: 335, 337. 
at Zuiii, when built 13: 332, 333. 
Hawikuh 8: 81, 138. 
in court of Zuni 8: 98, 138, 148. 
Ketchipauan, remains of 8: 81,82. 
Old Mohegan 43: 254 sq. 
services, Catholic, at Acoma 47: 

32. 
Shumopavi, established by Spanish 

monks 8: 75, 76. 
See also Churches; Mission. 
Church-going among the Eskimo 

18: 421. 
Churches 

established in Zuni and Tusayan 

8: 224. 
establishment of, among the Kiowa 

17: 219. 
Indian, mention of 42: 191. 
Churchill, Ownsham, on Mexican 

calendar system 19: 935. 
Chuuc, meaning of 16: 232. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



223 



Ci 

day symbol discussed 16: 229. 
definition of 16: 262. 
Cia Tribe, Acoma separated from 47: 

24. 
Ciawis, a liiowa synonym 17: 148. 
Cib, day symbol discussed 16: 224, 

252. 
Cibola 
architecture of 23: xlv. 
architecture of, compared with that 

ofTusayan 8: 100-223. 
captured by Coronado 14: lvii, 

388, 556, 565, 573. 
cartographic history of 14: 403. 
Castaneda's description of 14: 482. 
city of 19: 650. 
Coronado at 47: 23. 
Coronado's description of 14: 558. 
description of 14: 517, 565, 569, 

573. 
description of, by Indians of Sonora 

14: 356. 
extent of range of 14: 358. 
identification of 17: 595. 
identification of ancient cities of 

6: XLVI. 
identification of, with Zuni countrv 

13: 325, 367. 
meaning of name 26: 24. 
pottery of 4: 297, 307, 316, 321, 

343, 344, 356. 
references to 28: 117, 120. 
ruins and inhabited villages of 8: 

80, 99. 
settlement of cities of 13: 427. 
stories of, inspired by Friar Marcos 

14: 364. 
See also Zuiii. 
Cicer Arietinum Linn., Pima food 

plant 26: 73. 
Cicuic. See Cicuye. 
Cicuique. See Cicuye. 
Cicuta Maculata, use of 44: 288, 

Cicuta Vagans 45: 476, 513. 
Cicuye 

Alvarado's visit to 14: 491. 

cartographic history of 14: 403. 

description of 14: 523, 525. 

description of, by companions of 
Coronado 14: 570, 575. 

description of, by JaramiUo 14: 587. 



Cicuye — Continued 

Indians from, visit Coronado 14: 
490. 

river of, crossed by Spaniards 14: 
504, 510. 

siege of, by Spaniards 14: 511. 

synonymous with Pecos 14: 391. 

treachery of Indians at 14: 509. 

visit of Coronado to 14: 502. 
5i"'dexo"xo", group under, account of 

27: 178, 179 sq. 
5i"'-dse-a-gthe, a tribal division 39: 

82. 
5i"'-dse-a-gtlie Gens 

Ni'-ki ritual of the 36: 272 sgq. 

offices of the 39: 92. 

personal names of the 43: 146. 
Cienega, Pueblo ruin near 22, i: 187. 
Cigar; Cigarette 38: §283. 
Cigarette, Cane, Casa Grande 28: 

Cigarette Leaves, origin of 30: 336. 
Cigarettes 
among the Pima, ceremonial use 26: 

347. 
among the Pima, in medicine 26: 

260, 267. 
among the Pima, in mythology 26: 

340, 344, 352, 359, 360, 363. 
among the Pima, in song 26: 336, 

337. 
bearer of, ceremony of 23: 146. 
ceremonial use of 47: 118, 132. 
in Hopi ceremony 17: 735. 
of reeds, in sacrificial caves 17: 736. 
smoking of, ceremonial 23: 125. 
used in medicine 30: 52, 54. 
See aho Pipe; Smoking; Tobacco. 
Ciguaner Indians, war colors of 10: 

632 sq. 
Ciguayos, a Cuban tribe 34: 255. 
Ci-ho, legendary Pima hero 45: 71. 
Cimarrones-Migueletes War, record 

of 17: 83. 
Cimex Fraternity {Pe'shd'silo' kwe). 
medicines of 30: 39, 46. 
of the Zuni 23: 564-568. 
Cimi 
day symbol, discussion of 16:231. 
symbol in Dresden Codex 16: 250. 
symbol in Troano Codex 16: 213. 
Cimo, Hopi chief, on advent of clans at 
Walpi 19: 585. 



224 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL KEPORTS 



Cinaloa River 

crossed by Coronado 14: 584. 
north of New Galicia 14: 386, 515. 
Cin-au'-av Brothers, a Shoshone 

myth 1: 44, 45. 
Cincinnati 

figurine found near 20: 183. 
Indian name for 42: 792. 
traO to 42: 789. 
Cincinnati Museum of Art, ac- 
knowledgments to 20: 16. 
Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas 
Pacific Railway, trail followed by 
42: 744. 
Cincinnati Southern Railroad, trail 

foOowed by 42: 842, 843. 
Cincinnati Tablet 2: 133. 
Cinder Cones, ruins in 17: 532. 
Cinders, use of, as tempering material 

20: 46. 
Cinerary tJrns from Pueblo Viejo, 
description of 22, i: 173, 181 sq. 
Cinnamomum, cultivation of 38: 

§246. 
Cinquefoil 

medicinal use of 42: 667. 
preparation of 35: 536. 
steamed in box 35: 536. 
use of 44:291,342; 45:469,494. 
Cinquef on Feast 35:538-542. 
CinquefoU Garden 35: 189-192. 
Cinquefoil Roots 

as tribute to chief 35: 1335 sqq. 
bundles of 35: 191, 192. 
cooked in kettle 35: 542. 
digging of 35: 188-194. 
long 35: 190, 191. 
long, eaten by chiefs 35: 541,544. 
short 35: 190, 191. 
short and long 35: 539. 
short, eaten by common people 35: 
541, 544. 
Ci-pa, an ancient Hopi stopping place 

13: 189. 
Cipactli 

Aztec mythical animal, symbolizing 

the earth 19: 684. 
symbol, discussion of 16: 207, 212. 
symbol in Borgian Code.x 16: 213. 
Cipaulovi 

ceremony at 15: 299. 
Snake ceremony at 16: 273, 276, 
296. 



Cipaulovi — Continued 

Snake ceremony, description of 16: 
277-286. 
Cipias 

home of 28: 220. 
mention of 19: 598. 
Cipias Pueblo, location of 22, i: 23. 
Cipikne 

description of picture of 21: 60. 
personation of, in Pamiirti 21: 28. 
representation of, in Pamiirti 21: 
27. 
Cipomelli, description of 21: 104. 
Circles 

decoration by, eastern United States 

pottery 20: 67. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 163. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 86. 
Omaha tribal 3: 219 sq. 
Circles of Stones, meaning of 45: 

282. 
Circleville, Ohio, trails 42: 756, 786 
CircUng of Cranes, Eskimo legend of 

18: 480. 
Circuit, Antisunwise 47: 284. 
Circular-base Baskets 38: § 416- 

421. 
Circular Doorway of ICin-tiel, de- 
scribed 8: 192. 
Circular Houses 38: § 300-306. 
Circular Kivas 

absent in Cibolan pueblos 8: 224. 
antiquity of 8: 116. 
traditional references of 8: 135. 
Circular Mounds 

map showing distribution of 37: 77. 
See also Conical Mounds. 
Circular Room 
at Kin-tiel 8: 93. 
at Oraibi, Wash. 8: 54 sq. 
Circular Ruins, absence of, in South- 
ern Pueblo area. 17: 576. 
Circular Wall of kiva near Sikyatki 

8: 117. 
Circumcision 

among the Guiana Indians 38: 

§ 507. 
among the Machapunga 42: 698. 
Cirsium 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
use of 44: 288, 356, 360. 
Cirsium Edule 45: 479. 



bonneejea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



225 



Cirsium Hookerianum 45: 4S0. 
Cirsium TJndulatum 45: 480 
Cisca 

location of site of 42: 847. 
trail from St. Augustine 42: 846 s?. 
Cisco, trail to 42: 854. 
Cisco and Middle Tennessee Trail, 

route followed by 42: 853. 
Cist, Jacob, vessel collected bv 20: 

166. 
Cist 

burial, Doracho 1: 115. 
burial, excavation of 16: 101. 
burial, in cliff ruins 16: 96. 130. 
graves, Indians of Illinois 1: 114. 
graves, Kentucky 1: 114, 115. 
in Awatobi kiva 17: 612. 
in cavate lodges 17: 542. 
near cavate houses 17: 543. 
See also Cists. 
Cistercian Monks, gestures of the 1 : 

288, 364. 
Cists 

or stone graves 1: 113. 
Solutre 1: 113. 
Tennessee 1: 113. 
See aiso Burial; Cist; Grave; Stor- 
age Cist; Water Pocket. 
Citadel, The (at Black Falls of Little 
Colorado River) 
building material of 22, i: 41. 
view of 22, i: 43. 
Citico 

ambuscade at 19: 65. 
an Indian village 42: 750. 
Cities, Stations, etc., named for wild 

rice 19: 1117 sg. 
Citizen Potawotomi, act of Congress 

affecting 18: 940. 
Citizenship 

Cherokee, recommendation for 19: 

114. 
in Cherokee Nation, decision of 
19: 152, 154, 156. 
Citlka'. See Sitka. 
Citoto 
appearance of, in Paliiliikonti 21: 

52. 
description of 21: 95. 
CitruUus CitruUus 33: 120. 
Citrullus Vulgaris Shrad., Pima food 
plant 26: 75. 



CituUlii 

derivation of 21: 125. 
description of 21: 107,108. 
dressed like Hopi Snake priests 21: 
108. 
City Life, economic limitations of 

42: 726. 
Ciucut, synonym of Syutjun 44: 36. 
Civan, application of term 28: 46. 
Civanavaaki, Pima name for Casa 

Grande 28: 33, 43. 
Ci-va-no 

Pima legendary chief 28: 71. 
See also Si-va-no. 
Ci-va-no-qi, name applied to Casa 

Grande 28: 71. 
Civics, Primitive, investigated by 
American ethnologists 21: xxi. 
Civil War 

Cherokee attitude during the 19: 

148 sq. 
Cherokee loss in the 19:356. 
Cherokee suffering from the 19: 

148. 
East Cherokee part in the 19: 161 

sq., 168-172. 
effect of the, on the Creeks 42: 

330, 332. 
in the far Southwest 26: 48, 90. 
Omaha in the 27: 635. 
Civilization 

autonomy of 17: 176* sq. 
economic limitations to 42: 725 sq. 
effect of, on the Arapaho and 

Cheyenne 14: 1027. 
effect of, on Indians 14: 675, 829. 
effect of, on savagery 14: 669. 
effect of, on the Caddo 14: 1094. 
in Yukon 46: 133. 
influence of protection of, on Pueblo 

architecture 19: 642. 
of the Eskimo 46: 92, 181, 366. 
Siouan tribes modified by 15: 172, 

185. 
.See also Christianity. 
Ciwanu, Hoiji clan, reference to 19: 

583. 
Ciwikoli 

derivation of 21: 125. 
description of 21: 96, 97. 
Clackama 
four-stick game of the 24: 328. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

800, 818. 
population of the 7: 66. 



226 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 48 



Claflin, William, petition of, for 

Casa Grande repair 15: cm. 
Claiborne, General — 

defeat of Creeks at Holy Ground by 

19: 92. 
on Alabama migration 19: 99. 
Claim or Demand 

mode of presenting 10: 374 sq. 
pictograpli for 4: 159. 
Clairvoyance at Isleta 47: 247 sq. 
Clallam 

canoe burial of tlie 1: 173, 174. 
games of the 24: 
cat's cradle 772. 
dice games 155 sq. 
hand games 299. 
shinny 632. 
shuttlecock 717. 
stick games 249. 
tops 741. 
house burial of the 1: 175. 
language distinct from Chimakum 

7: 62. 
tribe, mention of the 41: 136. 
population of the 7: 105. 
Clam Shells 

beads of 44: 163 sg. 

disks of 44: 153. 

in manufacture of ornaments 2: 

263. 
in manufacture of wampum 2: 190, 

226, 238, 257. 
medicinal use of 44: 331. 
pendants made of 44: 149, 150. 
representations of. Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley pottery 20: 94, 100. 
used as implements 2: 190, 205, 

207. 
utensils of 2: 190. 
See also Pismo Clamshell. 
Clammy Weed, used in ceremony 

30: 96. 
Clams, Billy, a Shaker enthusiast 

14: 756. 
Clams 

as bait 35: 162, 178, 181, 183. 
dug on beaches 31: 45. 
opening of 35: 179. 
Seri method of taking and eating 

17: 195*. 
steamed, with devilfish 35: 474. 
with seaweed 35: 516. 



Clan 

adoptive members of 20: xcv, 

XCVIII 

definition of 15: civ, cvii, 213; 

20: xcii sq. 
features of 19: XLix, l. 
marriage laws of 20 : xciv, xcviii-c. 
members of, living in groups 41: 

553. 
organization of 17: xxxii. 
property laws of 20: ci. 
reference to 27: 195. 
rites and taboos of 20: xciv. 
system of Siouan Indians 15: 177, 
" 187. 

totems of 20: xciv. 
woman determines, among the Pue- 
blo 33: 219. 
See also Clans; etc.; Totem. 
Clan Animals 

as guardian spirits 37: 195 sq. 
as property mark 37: 203. 
attitude toward 37: 195 sq. 
painted on beds 42: 182, 235. 
relationship to 37: 196 sqq. 
.See also Totem; Totem Animals. 
Clan Associations 42:120-158,165, 

166. 
Clan Consciousness 37: 435. 
Clan Councils 

description of 42: 122. 
list of 42: 123-127. 
meeting of 42: 306. 
Clan Designation 4: 167. 
Clan Divisions 

early data regarding 44: 191. 
modern contributions regarding 44: 
191. 
Clan Feasts 

nature of 37: 317. 
of the Winnebago 37: 318-321. 
Clan House I, Casa Grande 

burial found in 28: 117, 127, 139. 
description of 28: 106-110. 
excavation and repair of 28: 41 sq. 
"Seat" excavation in 28:46. 
Clan Masks 

sanctity of 21: 109. 
unused, description of 21: 109-112. 
Clan Names, derived from plants 30: 

37, 86. 
Clan Organization 

absent among the Kiowa 17: 227. 
discussion of 47: 202 sq. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



227 



Clan Organization — Continued 
of the Seri 17:10 sq., 166* sq., 168* 
sq., 269*-274*. 
Clan Revenge, among Cherokee, ab- 
olition of 19: 86 sq., 107. 
Clan Songs 

of warrior clans 37: 219, 220. 
use of 37: 204. 
Clan System 

comparison of different forms of 42: 

695 sq. 
of the Antilleans 25: 33 sq., 42. 
unknown to the Arapaho 14: 956. 
unknown to the Comanche 14: 

1044. 
unknown to the Kiowa 14: 1079. 
Clan Totems, absence of 46: 435. 
Clan Worship, germs of, in Snake and 

Flute societies 19: 1006. 
Clans 

and ceremonies 47: 39. 

and initiation 47: 39. 

and labor 47: 39. 

and marriage 47: 35, 36, 39. 

and officials 47: 38. 

and sickness or death 47:39. 

Asa, mention of 33: 266, 267, 273, 

279. 
association of, in moieties 42: 162- 

166. 
associations of, with town 42: 275. 
at Laguna 47: 352. 
Badger, mention of 33: 266, 267, 

273, 279. 
Bear, earhest settlers of Walpi 33: 

264. 
Bear, Flute, Snake 33: 216, 265. 
Bear, mention of 33: 265. 
BuU (PoU), mention of 33: 267, 

273. 
Cherokee 19: 212 sg.; 42: 118. 
Chickasaw 19: 499. 
Choctaw 19: 500. 
classification of katcinas by 21: 18. 
conception of tie between members 

of 37: 198. 
connection of 24: 155. 
connection of, with offices 42: 304 

customs connected with 42: 166- 

170. 
descent of, from female ancestors 

42: 110. 



Clans — Continued 

descent of, from totem animals 42: 

110. 
determination of 19: 651 sq. 
discussion of 42: 114, 118, 126. 
discussion of seating of 42: 237- 

241. 
distribution of 42: 267-273. 
distribution of, with reference to land 

and town 42: 170-174. 
dual division of 42: 156. 
exogamous 47: 34. 
extinct, Hopi, disposal of masks of 

21: 17. 
Flute, mention of 33: 265. 
formerly occupying Sikvatki 17: 

636. " 
functions of 47: 39. 
furnishing chiefs 42: 50, 192, 197. 
furnishing henihas 42: 192-197. 
grading of 42: 168. 
Hano, mention of 33: 266. 
henihalgi, discussion of 42: 194 sq. 
holding chieftainship, discussion of 

42: 196 sg. 
how Unked into phratries 42: 121. 
husbands and wives of 47: 36. 
immaterial possessions of 33 : 203. 
influence of, in marriage 42 : 166 sq. 
influence of, on ceremonial organiza- 
tion 33: 204. 
influence of, on Pueblo architecture 

19: 646 sqq. 
introduction of katcinas by 21: 17. 
Kachina, mention of 33: 266, 267, 

279. 
Kokop, or Firewood, supposed foun- 
ders of Sikyatki 33:218. 
list of 37: 190 sq.; 42: 115 sqq.; 

47: 35. 
local separation of 42: 170. 
localization of, in Pueblos 16: 194. 
marks of identification in 33: 203. 
memoir on localization of, in Tusayan 

19: XLi. 
Muscogee 19: 499. 
names of, discussion of 37: 182. 
of Awatobi 17: 610. 
of Ktikuchomo and Sikyatki 17: 

587, 588. 
of the Sia 11: 19. 
of the Upper Missouri Indians 46: 

434 sq. 
of the Zuni 13: 368, 372, 386. 



228 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Clans — Continued 

of Walpi and Sichumovi 19: 582 
sqq. 

organization of 37: 190 sqq. 

origin of 42: 273 sqq. 

part taken by, in marriage 42: 374 
sq. 

political functions of 37: 199 sqq. 

position of, in beds or arbors 42: 
197, 200, 241. 

preceded by village groups 37: IS.j. 

precedence of, in war 42: 43. 

property marlss of 37: 79, 203. 

reciprocal relationships of 37: 201. 

relation of katcinas to 21: 45. 

relation of, to natural phenomena 
13: 370. 

retaliation by, for murder 42: 345. 

rights of, on war parties 42: 433. 

seating of, in council lodge 37: 163. 

seating of, summary of 42: 237. 

segregation of, after death 42: 701. 

Seneca 19: 483. 

separation of, in gentes 42: 165 sq. 

Shawano 19: 494. 

Snake, mention of 33: 265, 266. 

songs of 37: 204. 

specific possessions of 37: 202 sg. 

stories of origin of 42:107-114. 

Tanoan, influence on third ceramic 
epoch 33: 217. 

Tanoan, mention of 33 : 266. 

Tewa, reference to 29: 61 sq. 

Tobacco, mention of 33: 270, 271. 

towns, phratries and moieties, tabu- 
lation of 42: 158-162. 

unit of organization in War-bundle 
Feast 37: 436. 

Zuni 23: 40-43. 

Zuni, choosing of names 23: 40. 

Zuni, size of 47: 477. 

See also Bear Clan; Bird Clan; 
Buffalo Clan; Clan; Clans, 
Chickasaw; Clans, Tlingit; Deer 
Clan; Eagle Clan; Elk Clan; 
Fish Clan; Hawk Clan; Pigeon 
Clan; Snake Clan; Soldier Clan; 
Thunderbird Clan; Warrior 
Clan; Water-spirit Clan; Wolf 
Clan. 
Clans, Chickasaw 

arrangement of, in groups 44: 192. 

cliiefs of 44: 213 sqq. 

Usts of 44: 192, 196. 



Clans, Chickasaw — Continued 
rank of 44: 191, 192, 197. 
stories about 44: 198-203. 
Clans, Tlingit 
by tribes and house groups 26: 400- 

407. 
by tribes and phratries 26 : 398. 400. 
caste 26: 427. 
emblems of 26: 415, 420. 
history of 26: 407-414. 
influence of racial diflterences 26: 

408. 
names of 26: 421 sqq. 
spirits belonging to 26: 465. 
Clapin, Sylva, on lacrosse 24: 563. 
Clarence, Port. .See Port Clarence. 
Clarendon, Lord, grant to 18: 530. 
Clark, — 
assignment of tract to Delawares by 

18: 725. 
See also Lewis and Clark; Robin- 
son Episode. 
Clark, Ge^ern; — , visit to, by Kanakilk 

14: 693 sq. 
Clark, Charles W., acknowledgments 

to 42: 731. 
Clark, John 

donation of clay pipe by 12: 258. 
house sites on land of, in Misisssippi 
12: 268. 
Clark, J. S., photographs made by 2: 

252. 
Clark, J. V. H., cited 12: 503, 545, 

547. 
Clark, Miss May S. 
acknowledgment to 11: 78. 
retirement of 48: 21. 
work of 25: xxv; 26: xxxi; 27: 
13; 29: 24; 37: 31; 39: 28; 
40: 20; 41: 21, 44, 73, 95, 116; 
42: 19; 43: 19; 44: 18; 45: 
19; 46: 16; 47: 14; 48: 21. 
Clark, Robert, appointment of, as 
steward of Calvertou Manor 18: 
573. 
Clark, Thomas F., jr. 
transfer of 36: 34. 
work of 36: 31. 
Clark, Gov. WUliam 
instructed to end Cherokee hostilities 

5: 22, 222. 
Menomini treaty commissioner 14: 
20, 21. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



229 



Clark, Gov. William — Continued 
Osage-Cherokee conference arranged 

by 19: 105, 137. 
Sioux calendar stick found by 26: 

35. 
Clark, W. P. 
on absence of clans among Plains 

tribes 17: 227. 
on Apache picture records 17: 142. 
on Apache tribal sign 17: 240. 
on Bannock chronology 17: 372. 
on Cheyenne characteristics 14: 

1027. 
on Cheyenne divisions 14: 1025. 
on Cheyenne early habitat 14: 

1024, 1029. 
on Crow and Hidatsa separation 17: 

154, 155. 
on Dakota and Cheyenne chronology 

17: 371, 372. 
on Kiowa Apache migration 17: 

248. 
on Kiowa character 17: 235. 
on Kiowa divisions 17: 229. 
on Kiowa military orders 17: 230. 
on Mandan tribal sign 17: 159. 
on meaning of Hunkpapa 14: 1059. 
on meaning of Ogalala 14: 1058. 
on origin of name Pawnee 17: 291. 
on Pawnee runners 17: 260. 
on Siou.x characteristics 14: 1059. 
on Sioux custom of beheading 17: 

260. 
on slaughter of Cheyenne and Kiowa 

by the Pawnee 17: 175. 
on smallpox among the Blackfeet 

17: 275. 
Clark Creek, reference to 27: 100. 
Clarke, Ben 

on alisenee of clans among the Chey- 
enne 14: 956. 
local source of sign language 1 : 317. 
Clarke, Prof. F. W. 

analysis of iron from mound by 5: 

91. 
analysis of pigment by 11: 142. 
analysis of silver foil by 12: 501. 
cited 30: 41. 
Clarke, G. B., grant of land to 18: 

657. 
Clarke, H. E. 46: 48. 
Clarke, J. C. 

collection contributed by 42: 4. 
collection secured by 42: 19. 



Clarke, Peter, on Iroquoian migra- 
tions 19: 189. 
Clarke, W. M., petroglyphs reported 

by 10: 115. 
Clarke County, Mo., mounds in 5: 

43. 
Clarksville, Tenn., petroglyphs near 

10: 114. 
Clarksville, Va. 

Uccaneechi town near 42: 778,779. 
trail near 42: 764. 
ware of 20: 149. 
Classic Pantomimes 1: 286. 
Classification 

linguistic principles of 17: 300. 
morphological, of languages of 

America 24: xxii. 
of arrows 38: § 134. 
of baskets 38: § 448. 
of burial 1 : 92. 
of Bureau of American Ethnology 

researches 15: lxix. 
of canyon ruins 16: 92, 93. 
of celts 38: § 7. 
of expenditures for fiscal year 2: 

xxxvii; 3: 93. 
of form, Mississippi Valley pottery 

4: 375. 
of games 24: 31, 44 sq., 809. 
of hammocks 38: § 479. 
of houses 38: § 298. 
of Indian languages, literature relat- 
ing to 7: 12-25. 
of Indian tribal names 24: xxiv 

sq., 36-43. 
of Indian tribes 14: xxvii. 
of linguistic families 7: 8, 12. 
of masks 3: 93. 
of mats 38: § 394. 
of Peruvian trephining 16: 17, 71. 
of Pueblo ruins 16: 89, 154. 
of pottery 4: 272, 304, 306. 
of Siouan stock 17: 127 sq., 300*, 

344*. 
of stone art 13: 57, 142. 
of trays 38: § 402. 
See also Anthropology. 
Clatsop 

games of the 24: 

hand game 282. 

unclassified games 781, 782. 
Claude. See Konot. 
Clauton, M. E., bid of, for repair of 

Casa Grande 15: 339. 



230 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Clavering, Cap/aire—, Greenland Eski- 
mo researches of 7: 72. 
Claviceps Purpura, destructive to 

wild rice 19: 1027. 
Claviceps sp., destructive to wild rice 

19: 1027. 
Clavigero, Francisco Javier 

on Calif ornian food habits 17: 

209*, 212*. 
on cities founded by Cortes 25: 

243. 
on Mayan feast days at opening of 

century 19: 675. 
on Mexican calendar system 19: 

935. 
on Mexican division of year 19: 

955. 
on Mexican method of counting 19: 

920. 
on Nahuatl method of counting large 

numbers 19: 884. 
view of, on Mexican year symbols 
3: 43. 
Clavigero, Francisco S. 
cited 12: 672. 
on Indian food 9: 523. 
on Indian labrets 9: 497. 
on Indian mats of reeds 9: 527 sq. 
on signification of Mexican term 
16: 244. 
Clavigero, F. X. 

on use of shell ornaments 2: 256. 
on vessels in Mexico 2: 193. 
Clavrie, Louis, mounds on land of 

44: 410. 
Claw Pattern 

in arrow-feathering 38: § 132. 
in basketry 38: § 445. 
Claw-and-Mirror Trick 14: 99 sq. 
Claws 

animal, use of, in battle 14: 790. 

attached to amulet 14: 904. 

of birds, used with embroidery 13: 

28. 
symbolic use of 15: 169. 
used in Ghost dance 14: 916. 
Clay, Henry 

oppo.sition to removal project by 

19: 129. 
resolution by, regarding title to 

Texas 5: 355. 
sympathy with Cherokee 5: 287. 



Clay, Jesse 

a Peyote leader 37:419. 

account by, of Peyote ceremony 37: 

415-419. 
innovation of 37:422. 
Clay 

baking oven griddle or hearth of 

38: § 362, 364. 
Cherokee and Catawba pottery 20: 

53 sq., 55, 56. 
colored, use of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 20. 
cooking cylinders supporting the 

hearth 38: §364. 
eastern United States pottery 20: 

45 sq. 
Eskimo paint made of 18: 198. 
Eskimo toys made of 18: 343. 
Eskimo utensils made of 18: 63 sg. 
first use of, in the arts 20: 49. 
flute made of 38: §562. 
for pottery, description of 26: 124 

sqq. 
influence of strength of, on forms of 

vessels 20: 62. 
Iroquoian pipes 20: 173. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 20: 

155, 158. 
mixed with certain ingredients 38 

§90. 
modeling in 30: 139 sq.; 38 

§ 612. 
musical instruments, etc., of 38 

§557. 
on the head, significance of 27: 129. 
pigments, red 38: § 28. 
pots and vessels of 38: § 389-391. 
pottery 38: § 89. 
Tewa name for 29: 582. 
trumpet made of 38: §556. 
use of, as paint 20: 42, 86. 
use of, in pottery 15: 21. 
use of, in protecting vines used in 

suspension from fire 20: 58. 
used by Zuuis in making pottery 

2: 329. 
used to cover fire 41: 500, 501. 
See also Color: Material; Paint; 
Paste; Pottery; Washes. 
Clay Articles 

catalogues of 3:531-575. 
composition of 2: 325. 
decoration of 2: 322. 
from Acoma 2: 404. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



231 



Clay Articles — Continued 

from Canyon de Chelly 2: 419. 
from Cochiti 2: 405, 459. 
from Cuyamunque 2: 436. 
from Jemez 2: 417, 452 
from Laguna 2: 399. 
from Nanibe 2: 439. 
from Old Pecos 2: 41S. 
from Old Pojuaque 2: 441. 
from other localities 2: 421. 
from Pictograph Rocks 2: 420. 
from Pojuaque 2: 439. 
from San Ildefonso 2: 461. 
from San Juan 2: 416, 456. 
from Santa Ana 2: 458. 
from Santo Domingo 3: 409, 451. 
from Silla 2: 454. 
from Taos 2: 464. 
from Tesulie 2: 410, 450. 
from the Jicarilla Apache 2: 417. 
from Wolpi 2: 378. 
from Ziini 2: 343. 
measurements of 2: 323. 
Clay Balls, appearance of, in pictures 

of Hopi katcinas 21: 115. 
Clay Basket, use uf, in Hopi festivals 

21: 107. 
Clay-eating 

custom of, in different parts of the 

world 9: 537-540. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: § 253. 
with potatoes 30: 71. 
Clay Heads. See Pottery. 
Clay Old Woman, a supernatural 

47: 343. 
Clay Surface of Pueblo roofs 8: 151. 
Clay Tubes used as roof drains 8: 

155. 
Clayborne, William, claims to land 

in Maryland by 18: 571, 572. 
Clayoquot 

games of the 24: 
dice games 196. 
hand game 319. 
ring and pin 528, 558 sq. 
Clays and Pigments 

specimens of, from Zuni 2: 367. 
used by Santa Clara Indians in 
manufacture of pottery 2: 331. 
Clayton, J. B. 

custodian of manuscripts 31: 23. 
work of 25: xxiv; 26: xxxi; 
27: 13; 28: 14, 18; 29: 24; 
30: 24. 



Clayton, Powell, mounds on land of 

12: 242. 
Claytonia Lanceolata 45: 482,511. 
Cleaners for pipe bowls, Eskimo 18: 

281 ^q. 
Cleanliness, native houses, Savonga 

46: 92. 
Cleansing Ceremony 47: 307-314. 
Clear Creek, caves on 28: 188. 
Clear Creek Canyon, cliff houses in, 

reference to 22, i: 20. 
Clear Lake. See Bound Valley Re- 
serve. 
Clematis Columbiana, use of 45: 

459. 
Clematis Ligusticifolia, use of 45: 

459. 
Clemclemalats, stick games of the 

24: 249. 
Clement, Basil, interpreter, on Win- 
ter count 4: 90, 91, 111, 113, 

120, 122. 
Clement, Clara Erskine, Handbook 

of Legendary and Mythologic Art 

4: 54. 
Clements, C. C, special agent on 

Cherokee claims 5: 308. 
Clerical Work of the Bureau of Ameri- 
can Ethnology 25: x, xxiv sq.; 

29: 24; etc. 
Cleu, J. F., split-cane matting found 

by 13: 37. 
Cleveland, F., shell vessels described 

by 2: 97. 
Cleveland, Henry J., agent for Pima 

26: 32. 
Cleveland, Rev. William J. 
cited 4: 129. 

Oglala gentes obtained by 15: 220. 
on Sitca-xu gentes 15: 218. 
on tree and scaffold burial 1: 

158. 
Clickahut, a Klu'kitat svnonvm 

14: 738. 
Clickitat, a Klu'kitat synonym 14: 

738. 
Cliff Dwellers 

definition of 17: 531. 
home of 23: 13, 14. 
mention of 4: 202, 304, 305. 
preservation of grave of 41: 52. 
Pueblo, relationship of, with Pima 

26: 144. 



232 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



ClifiE Dwellers — Continued 

supposed builders of Sun temple 
37: 6. 
Cliff Dwellings 

absence of chimney in 8: 168. 
absence of, in Verde Valley 13: 

187, 260. 
and Zuni ruins compared 13: 344. 
built by Zuni ancestors 13: 343. 
decorated fabrics from 28: 148. 
developed from temporary shelters 

8: 217. 
examination of 7: xviii-xxiv. 
implements from 24: 

Canyon de CheUy 717, 751. 
Chaco Canyon 648. 
Mancos Canyon 47, 427, 648. 
in Arizona 13: 224. 
in Colorado 28: 151. 
in Sierra IVIadre, Mexico 28: 151. 
in Upper Verde region 28: 188, 

194. 
in Verde VaUey 28: 198. 
mention of 4: 284, 286, 293, 478, 

479, 480. 
Moen-kopi 8: 54. 
nomenclature of 13: 359. 
occupied in historic times 8: 225. 
pictographs in 28: 197. 
pottery of 28: 137, 138, 139, 141. 
resemblances among 28: 151. 
use of term 28: 117, 193. 
use of whitewash in 8: 74. 
why constructed 13: 260, 347. 
See also Cavate-lodge; Cliff Houses. 
Cliff Houses 

age of, in Red Rocks 17: 545. 
and Pueblos similar 17: 537. 
formerly occupied by the Hopi 17: 

578. 
human hand figures on 17: 668. 
in Arizona, character of 22, i: 187. 
in Arizona, discovery of, by Doctor 

Russel 22, i: xiii. 
in Walnut Canyon 17: 532. 
of the Red Rocks 17: 548, 549. 
of Verde Valley, classification of 

17: 536. 
See also Cliff Dwellings. 
Cliff Palace 

and Honanki, comparison of 17: 

552. 
repair uf 30: 21. 
views of 30: 30. 



Cliff Ruins 

classification of 16: 155. 

of Canyon de Chelly, memoir on 
16: xci, 73-198. 

researches among 15: xxxvii, 
XLiii, xLvii; 16: xix, xx, xxiii, 
XXVI, XXVII, XXX, xxxvm, xl, 

XLIII, XLVII, L, LXI, LXVII. 

Cliff's Ranch, pictographs near 17: 

548. 
Clifton, Tenn., flint workshop near 

44: 521. 
Clifton, W. Va. 

Indian remains at 42: 755. 
mounds 5: 55, 58. 
Clifton Quarry 

collections from 15: Lix. 
pipestem from 15: 133. 
researches in 15: Li, lv, Lxxv, 108, 
113. 
Climate 

beliefs concerning 45: 176 sq. 
effect of, on development of arts 

20: 22 sq. 
influence of, on breadth of nose 46: 

242, 267, 268, 269. 
of Cibola, Coronado's account of 

14: 559. 
of cliff ruin region 16: 83. 
of country of Western Eskimo 18: 

23. 
of Pimeria, general character of 26: 

36, 56, 155. 
of Pimerfa, winds 26: 154. 
of Point Barrow, Alaska 9 : 30 sqq. 
of So no ran province 17: 23 sqq. 
of the Ungava district 11: 172. 
of Upper Missouri 46: 410. 
of Zuni 47: 473 sq. 
Climatic Conditions, effect of, upon 
Pueblo architecture 8: 140, 227. 
Clinch River 

ford of 42: 794 sq. 
fort on, at Tennessee River 42: 
841. 
Clinch River and Cumberland Gap 

TraU 42: 845 sq. 
Clinch River Valley, trail through 

42: 770. 
Clinton, G. P., on wild rice in Illinois 

19: 1029, 
Clintonia Borealis, use of 44: 288 
354, 377. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



233 



Cloet, Jan, permit to purchase land 

issued to 18: 579. 
Closed Stone Yokes 25: 253. 
Cloth 

from Pueblo ruins, fragmentary spec- 
imens of, preservation of 22, i: 
97. 
methods of manufacture of 13: 22. 
used in imbrication 41: 226. 
See also Fabrics; Weaving. 
Cloth Screen, use of, in Hopi festivals 

21: 41, 42. 
Clothes and Body Decoration of the 
Guiana Indians 38: p. 419-449. 
Clothing 
afifected by advent of trader 27: 

616. 
at meetings of Hethu'shka 27: 461. 
ceremonial 39: 196. 
cost of 46: 585-588. 
decorated with hair 46: 560. 
general description of 27: 354 sqq. 
genesis of 17: 231* sq. 
made of skins 46: 504, 506. 
materials for 27: 272, 347 sq. 
men's 40: 329, 344; 45: 66-70; 

46: 589 sq. 
mention of 33: 620, 621, 628. 
modern 45: 80 sq. 
of ancient Southwesterners 13: 358. 
of children 45: 72 sq. 
of ceremonial attendants 40: 257. 
of dance leader 40: 504. 
of head chief, used as talisman 42: 

432. 
of members of Pebble societv 27: 

565. 
ofmembersof Shell society 27: 519. 
of the Assiniboin 46: 464 sq., 5S4- 

590. 
of the Coeur d'Alene 45: 65-81. 
of the Eskimo 18: 30-44. 
of the Flathead 45:334-339. 
of the Hopi 14: 517. 
of the Indians at Quivira 14: 582. 
of the Indians at Sonora 14: 515. 
of the Indians taken by Spaniards 

14: 495. 
of the Northern Indians 11: 208, 

281. 
of the Okanagan 45: 225 sq., 230- 

236. 
of the Pima 26: 117 sq., 157 sq. 
of the Plains Indians 14: 507. 



Clothing — Continued 

of the Pueblo Indians 14: 404, 517, 

549, 562, 563, 569, 573, 586, 595 
of the Serf 17: 10, 224*-232*. 
of the Seri, decoration of 17: 171* 

sqq. 
of the Siouan Indians 15: 172. 
of the Winnebago, men's, description 

of 37: 106. 
of warriors 27: 409 sqq. 
origin of 27: 71. 
ornamentation of 45: 236. 
renewal of 46: 588. 
rites for obtaining 27: 195. 
robes 27: 354, 356-362. 
special, for war 45: 118 sg. 
storage of, in caches 27: 98 sq. 
women's 40: 344; 45: 70 sq.; 

46: 587 sq. 
worn in Kashim 18: 287. 
worn while sleeping 46: 590. 
See aI.-io Adornment; Clothing, 
Eskimo; Costumes; Dress; 
Spinning; Weaving. 
Clothing, Eskimo (of Point Barrow). 
arm clothing 9: 123 sqq. 
belts 9: 135-138. 
belt fasteners 9: 138. 
boots 9: 129-135. 
breeches 9: 125-129. 
frocks, description of 9: 113-121. 
frocks, trimming of 9: 114,119 
gloves 9: 124. 
head clothing 9: 112. 
ice creepers 9: 135. 
leg and foot clothing 9: 128-135. 
mantles 9: 121 sq. 
material of 9: 109 sq. 
mittens 9: 123, 125. 
ornaments 9: 138. 
pantaloons 9: 126-129. 
rain frocks 9: 122. 
shoes 9: 129-135. 
.stockings 9: 129. 
style of 9: 110-138. 
Clothing, Omaha 
children's 3: 265 
dressing hides for 3: 310. 
mention of 3: 310 s?. 
preparation of 3: 310. 
C lothing Bags of the Eskimo 1 8 : 43 
sq., 204. 



234 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Cloud, Leslie 

information furnished by 42: 198, 

216. 
medicine-maker of Tuskegee 42: 

549. 
myth related by 42: 636. 
Cloud 

leaf-strand figure of 38: § 621. 

myths of 11: 37. 

Serian and Yuman words meaning 

17: 340* sq. 
string figures of 38: § 659, 686. 
symbolized by death mask 15: 312. 
symbols in Hopi pictography 15: 

311. 
symbols in Zuni and Walpi 1 5 : 309. 
symbols of meal 1 5 : 285. 
symbols on Tusayan headdre>s 1 5 : 
"269. 

symbols on Tusayan kUts 15: 295. 
See also Clouds; Rain-cloud. 
Cloud Clan 

same as Okuwaii clan 19: 615, 621. 
See also Patki Clan. 
Cloud Design. See Terrace Cloud 

Design. 
Cloud Emblems. See Bain-cloud 

Designs. 
Cloud Horse, visit of, to Wovoka 

14: 797, 819. 
Cloud People, clans of 22, i: 24. 
Cloud River, stone-chipping by natives 

of 13: 141. 
Cloud Shield 

chart 4: 95, 129, 146. 
Winter Count of 10:269-523. 
See also Corbusier Winter Counts. 
Cloud Symbols 

comparison of 16: 223. 

in the codices 16: 222, 258. 

in Tusayan sand pictures 16: 278, 

287, 300. 
on Oraibi kilts 16: 293. 
on Tusayan altars 16: 291, 299. 
Clouds 

as supernaturals 47: 66. 
behef concerning 47: 487. 
descent of man from 30: 141. 
in Pima mythology 26: 239 sq., 

249, 348 sq. 
in Pima song 26: 305, 314, 333, 

334. 
representation of, in pottery decora- 
tion 20: 100. 



Clouds — Continued 
signification of 23: 21. 
signs and symbols for 10: 700 sq. 
songs of the 39: 351-355. 
terms relating to 29: 54-57. 
See also Cloud. 
Clough Farm, mounds on 44: 500. 
Clover 

cooking of 35: 627, 531. 
digging of 35: 186 sqq. 
in Cherokee lore 19: 421. 
preparation of 32: 528. 
purple prairie 33: 94. 
white i>rairie 33: 94. 
Clover Garden 35: 186 sg. 
Clover Root 
baked 35: 533. 
raw 35: 534. 
Clown-Priest, figures on Hopi pottery 

17: 659. 
Clowns 

appearance of, in Hopi foot races 

21: 114. 
appearance of, in Hopi katcina pic- 
tures 21: 76, 78, 83. 
association of, with Piptuka 21: 

116. 
association of, with war 47: 345. 
association of, with Wiktcina 2 1 : 

116. 
function of 47: 498. 
in Hopi Calako 15: 297, 298. 
in Hopi ceremonies 15: 261, 265, 

267, 274, 286, 293. 
participation in Powamu dance by 

21: 33, 91, 92. 
personation of, in Pamiirti 21: 27. 
struggle of, with Great Snake effigy 

21: 87. 
See also Koyemci; Tcukuwimpkya. 
Club 

Guiana Indian, for dancing 38: 

§593. 
Guiana Indian, for fighting 38: 

§ 149-154. 
songs of decorating the 39: 355- 

368. 
used as Eskimo weapon 9: 191. 
See also Clubs. 
Club Heads, stones used as 13: 97, 

9S, 100. 
Club Men, an Arapaho warrior order 
14: 987. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



235 



Clubhouse (or Kii'dyigi) of the Eski- 

Clubs 

for killing fish, Eskimo 18: 184. 
for killing seals, Eskimo 18: 127. 
of deer-horn made by the Iroquois 

13: 143. 
of jasper, description of 13: L43. 
of North Carolina Indians 13: 144. 
stone heads of 46:134,135,148. 
war, of the Omaha 13: 283. 
-See also Batons; Club; War-clubs. 
Clubs, Indian 14: 498. 
Cluster Lily, use of 45: 481, 482. 
Clustering of Taaaiyalana Ruins 

8: 89 sq. 
Clute. See Cloet, Jan. 
Coa. See Planting Sticks {Anlillean). 
Coachman, Ward 
head chief 43: 331. 
second chief 42: 331. 
Coahuila 

a Mexican state 14: 545. 
See also Cahwia; Kahwea; Kawia; 
Mission Indians; Tule River 
Reserve. 
Coahuiltecan Family 7: 68, 69. 
Coahuilteco, linguistic relations of 

42: 678. 
Coal 

of the Point Barrow region, Alaska 

9: 61. 
Tewa name for 29: 580. 
used in pottery firing, mineral 4: 
495, 496. 
Coal River Trail 42: 770. 
Coale, Charles B., on pictographs 

4: 33. 
Coast, Western Alaskan, crania from 

46: 254, 256. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. Sec 
United States Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 
Coast and Interior Cultures, con- 
trasted 42: 718-724. 
Coast and Interior People, relations 

of 42: 724 sqq. 
Coast Indians, name of, in sign lan- 
guage 45: 147. 
Coast PUots of Alaska 46: 179. 
Coast Range Region, Calif., field 

work in 20: x. 
Coast Reserve. See SUetz River. 
<J5719°— 33 16 



Coat Shooting of the Dakota 24: 

392. 
Coatepec, Mexico, ruins at 26: xv. 
Cobbles 

Seri use of, as tools and weapons 
17: 234*-246*, 248*, 255*. 

See also Bowlder. 
Cosa 

punishment in, for adultery 42: 347. 

Spanish visits to 19: 23, 24, 26, 29, 
194, 200 sq. 
Cochin, letter from, to Mendoza 14: 

412. 
Cochitemi, a Keresan dialect 7: 83. 
Cochiti 

claimed to be a former Tewa pueblo 
8: 37. 

population of 7: S3. 

stone cougars of 26: xviii. 
Cochiti Indian 

cardinal directions of 29: 42. 

communal huts of 29: 414. 

conception of sun and moon by 29: 
46. 

geographic names of 29: 100. 

language of 29: 521. 

legends of 29: 452 sq. 

name applied to 29: 574. 

name for cloud 29: 54. 

pottery of 29: 457. 

region claimed by 29: 409. 

shrines of 29: 419 sq., 428. 

successive homes of 29: 412, 418, 
433 sq., 435, 440 sq. 

visit of, to Washington 34: 28. 
Cochiti Katcinas, notes on 47: 1002, 

1013, 1056, 1082. 
Cochiti Pueblo 

act of Congress affecting 18: 920. 

collection from 2: 405, 459. 

mention of 2: 433; 14: 525. 
Cochmans Brothers, cliief 42: 322. 
Cochran, C'(;p(. C. S. 46: 31, 86, 117, 

122, 172. 
Cock. See Kowalko. 
Cocke, John, commissioner to extin- 
guish Cherokee title 5: 241. 
Cocke County, Tenn., collection 

from 3: 433, 438-441. 
Cocklebur 

in Cherokee lore 19: 426. 

used for food 30: 71 sq. 

used in medicine 30: 62. 
Cockles, used as bait 35: 178. 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Cockram, James, sale of land to 18: 

633. 
Coco, Alvarado's name for Acoma 14: 

594. 
Cocoanut Forms, in Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley pottery 20: 94. 
Cocomaques, classification of 17: 

102, 103, 104, 130*. 
Cocomcahra land cessions and reser- 
vations 18: 788. 
Coco-Maricopa 

musical instruments of 26: 167. 
on hostUity of Pima 26: 26. 
reference to 28: 58. 
See also Maricopa. 
Cocomaricopa Gilenos 

relations of , with Yavapai 26: 200. 
See also Maricopa. 
CoQonico Indians 3: xvin. 
Coconoon land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 780. 
Coconoon Tribe 7: 90. 
Cocopa 

dwellings of the 26: 155. 
games of the 24: 
ball race 666, 681. 
dice games 199. 
hand game 326. 
in fight with the Pima-Maricopa 

force 26: 47. 
in fights with the Apache 26: 42. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

922. 
Snake dance among the 16: 311. 
See aluo Cocopa Indians. 
Cocopa Indians 

collections made among the 22. i: 

XXX rx. 
field study of the 22, i: xi sq. 
girl's puberty feast among the 22, i: 

xxvill sq. 
habitat of the 22, i: xix sq., 

XX VII. 

marital customs among the 22, i: 

xxvm. 
mortuary advances among the 22, 

i: XXI, xxvin. 
researches among the 41: 61 sq. 
subsistence of, method of 22, i: 

XX sq. 
See also Cocopa. 
Coddington, — , purchase of land by 

18: 622. 



Codex 

Bologna 3: 28. 

Borgian 3: 23, 24, 26, 28, 57. 

Chimalpopoca 3: 46. 

Cortesianus 3: 7, 8, 9, 25, 26, 31, 
34, 35, 36, 41, 54, 55, 56. 

Cortesianus, cited 15: 271. 

Cortesianus, similarity of, to manu- 
script Troano and Dresden Codex 



Dresden 3: 23, 63. 
Fejervary 3: 31, 35. 
illustrating Mexican 



I'lng 



Persianus 3: 18, 19, 20, 22, 26. 

Telleriano Remensis 1 : 243. 

Vatican 3: 27, 28, 50, 56. 
Codfish 

black 35: 382, 392. 

drying of 35: 253. 

eaten at breakfast 35: 253. 

Eskimo implements for catching 
18: 181. 

eyes of 35: 388. 

fresh 35: 379, 382. 

head of 35: 388. 

method of cutting 35: 253, 379, 
380, 382, 383. 

red 35: 392. 

roasted 35: 390, 391. 

tainted 35: 386. 
Codices, numeral system in the 19: 

812-819. 
Qon-dseu'-gthin, a division of the 

Osage 36: 45. 
Cody, W. r., ordered to arrest Sitting 

Bull 14: 854. 
Coeruleo, Purpureas 45: 493. 
Coeur d'Alene 

land cessions and reservations 18: 
846, 866 sqq., 942, 944, 948. 

present habitat of the 14: 805. 

sketch of the 14: 733. 
Coeur d'Alene Indians 

account of 45: 37-197. 

associations of, with other tribes 
45: 319 sq. 

basketry of 41: 146, 154, 155, 205. 

characteristics of 45: 325. 

environment of 41: 143. 

Flathead name for 45: 300. 

hunting grounds of 45: 305. 

imbrication among 41: 140. 



bonneejeaJ 



SUBJECT INDEX 



237 



Coeur d'Alene Indians — Continued 
meaning of Indian names of 45: 

144. 
present day population of 45: 315. 
shapes of basinets of 41: 138, 141. 
See aUo Coeur d'Alene. 
Coeur d'Alene Lake, traditional seat 

of tlie tribe 45: 38. 
Coeur d'Alene Reserve 

changes in 18: 860 sqq., 944, 948. 
establishment of 18: 846. 
Coeur d'Alene Tribe, population of 

7: 105. 
Coffee, General — 

attack on Creeks at TaUaseehatchee 

19: 90, 91. 
on battle of Horse-Shoe Bend 19: 

93-96. 
wound received by, at Emukfaw 
Creek 19: 92. 
Coffee, John A. 

appointed to report on line between 

Cherokee and Georgia 5: 270. 
appoLntmeiit of, to assist in Cherokee 

removal 5: 260. 
objection to survey by 5: 207, 208. 
survey by 18: 705. 
Coffee, among the Cherokee 19: 214. 
Coffey, Dora S., killed at Wounded 

Ivnee 14: 872. 
Coffin, E. F., aid of, in work of e.\- 

cavation 38: p. 2. 
Coffins 

beUefs regarding 35: 686. 
of the Eskimo 18: 310-322. 
See also Belief {regarding coffins); 
Burial; Mortuary Pottery. 
Cofltachiqui 

a supposed Yuchi town 7: 126. 
identified as Ivasihta 42: 310. 
Iieopleof 19: 499. 
reference to dress of 42: 683. 
Spanish visits to 19: 23, 24, 28, 
193 sg. 
"Cogged" Stone, cast of, given to bu- 
reau 47: 13. 
CogTiation 3: XLVi. 
Cognation of Languages 7: 11,12. 
Cogswellia Dancifolia 33: 107. 
Cogswellia Nudicaulis 45: 473. 
Cogulludo, — , on the interpretation 

of Mexican calendars 3: 38, 40. 
Cohama land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 786. 



Cohosh, Blue 

ase of 44 : 288. 

See also Caulophyllum Thalictroi- 
des. 
Cohuatl day symbol, discussion of 

16: 229." 
Cohutta Mountain, myths concern- 
ing 19: 299, 302, 461, 462. 
Coilin Ornamentation 4:278,282. 
Coil-made Pottery 4: 273-299. 
Coil Method 

influence of, on ornament 20: 65. 
pottery making by, eastern United 
States 20: 50 sq., 54, 56, 57, 161. 
Coiled Basketry 

distribution of 41: 154. 
form of 41: 167. 
material used in 41: 137. 
tribes making 41: 137. 
See also Basketry. 
Coiled Pottery 
how made 4: 500. 
imitation of 4: 299. 
ware and white ware, relative an- 
tiquity of 4: 350-359. 
Coiled Type of basketry from Chev- 

lon, cut showing 22, i: 99. 
Coiled Vessel from Kintiel, cut show- 
ing 22, i: 99. 
CoiUng 

direction of 41: 160. 
of the Pueblos 4: 273 sgq. 
parallel 41: 170 sg?. 
technique of 41: 159-167, 170 sgg. 
the preferred technique 41:361. 
Coils 
flat, use of 41: 135. 
looped 41: 166. 
round, use of 41: 135. 
size of 41: 164 sqq. 
suggesting spiral ornament 4: 456. 
uniformity of 41: 161. 
Coins 

use of, ainong the Eskimo 1 1 : 212. 
use of, among the Navaho silver- 
smiths 2: 177. 
Cokeboka, blessed during fast 37: 

387. 
Colander, fragments of, from Tusayan 

ruins 17: 624. 
Colbert, Q., reservation for 18: 682, 
694. 



238 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(eth. 



Colbert, Levi 

a Chickasaw chief 42: 826. 
mention of 42: 827. 
owner of ferry 42: 813. 
reservation for 18: 682, 694. 
Colbert, identification of 17: 248. 
Colbert County, Ala., mounds in 

44: 463 sq. 
Colbert's Ferry 

mention of 42: 825, 826, 827. 
Natchez Trace, cros.sing at 42: 
813, 814. 
Colby, Gen. L. W. 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 

in Sioux outbreak 14: 861, 867, 

876. 
letter from McGillycuddy to 14: 

831. 
on close of Sioux outbreak 14: SSS. 
on killing of Lieutenant Casey 14: 

889. 
on mortality at Wounded Knee 14: 

871. 
on second encounter at Wounded 

Ivnee 14: 882. 
Sioux child adopted by 14: 879. 
Colchester, Vt., vessel found at 20: 

169. 
Cold {=iveathcr) 
mention of 46: 62, 66, 69, 72, 73, 
75, 96, 100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 106, 
108. 
pictographs for 10: 605 sq. 
signs for 1: 345, 486. 
terms relating to 29: 53. 
Cold Bay 46: 188. 
Cold-bringing Woman 21: 83, 84. 
Cold Mountain, myth concerning 

19: 480. 
Colden, Cadwallader 

on Indian policy 18: 558, 583. 
on Iroquoian migrations 19: 189. 
on Iroquois 19: 485. 
on name Allege'wi 19: 184. 
Colds 

how treated by the Zuni 30 : 49, 55. 
treatment of 42: 661, 663, 664, 

667, 668. 
wormwood used for 30: 42. 
Coldwater, burning of 19: 67. 
Coldwater Indians, basketry of 41: 
445 sq. 



Coleman, Charles 

cited on Hindu powders 9: 515. 
cited on sacred cords 9: 565. 
Colerain 

Creek peace made at 19: 81. 
treaty of 18: 658. 
Colima 

illness of Mendoza at 14: 551. 
ravines of 14: 505. 
town in western New Spain 14: 
385. 
Colin, Mrs. Lee, collection presented 

by 41: 116. 
CoU y Teste, Seiior — 

AntiUean language studied by 25: 

77. 
on name Borinquen 25: 78. 
Collaborators 

in sign language, list nf 1: 401. 
of the Bureau 48: 11S8 «■?. 
suggestions to 4: 254, 256. 
Collars 

Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 90, 92. 
See also Necks; Ruins. 
Collars, Stone 

characteristic of Greater Antilles 

34: ISO. 
comparison of, with elbow stones 

34: 200 sq., 207 sqq. 
confined to Porto Rico and Haiti 

34: 187. 
distribution of 34: 199. 
fragment of, found in St. CroLx 34: 

168. 
interpretation of form of 34: 207 

sqq. 
mention of 34: 187-198. 
parts of 34: 188. 
possible use of 34: 198. 
probable origin of 34: 61. 
theories concerning use of 34: 263 

sqq. 
two types of 34: 1S7. 
where found 34: 60, 61, 169. 
Collected Bones, interment of 1: 

170. 
Collecting Signs, suggestions for 1: 

394. 
Collections 

acquisition of 20: xxiv. 
archeological 46: 88. 
bought by J. T. Couden 3: 495- 
506. 



BO^fNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



239 



Collections — Continued 

by Capt. C. Bendire 3: 492. 
by Dr. WiUis de Haas 3: 490. 
by G. H. Hurlbut 3: 508 sgq. 
by Edward Palmer 3: 483, 489. 
Casa Grande 28: 20, 118-121. 
Casa Grande, by Dr. J. W. Fewkes 

28: 121, 161-179. 
cataloguing of, of 1881 3: 427-592. 
description of 29: 16 sq., 19, 20 sq. 
Edward E. Ayer, early documents in 

38: p. 4. 
ethnologic, added to the National 

Museum 23: xli. 
ethnologic, made by E. W. Nelson in 

Alaska 18: 21.' 
from Acoma 2: 404. 
from Arizona, Wolpi 3: 587. 
from Arkansas, Carson Lake town- 
ship 3: 468. 
from Canyon de Chelly 2: 419. 
from Cherokee Indians 3:433,489. 
from Chickasawba mound 3: 409. 
from Cochiti 2: 405, 459. 
from Cuyamunque 2: 435. 
from Georgia 3: 506. 
from Indiana 3: 506. 
from Jefferson County 3: 463-468. 
from Jemez 2: 417, 452. 
from junction of Pidgeon and French 

Broad River 3: 440. 
from Lagiina 2: 399. 
from Lawrenceville 3: 486. 
from Menard mound 3: 447. 
from Missouri 3: 495-509. 
from mounds at Arkansas Post 3: 

476. 
from Nambe 2: 436. 
from New Me.xico, Zuni 3: 521. 
from \e\n5ort', Tenn. 3: 438. 
from North CaroUna 3: 434, 437. 
from Ohio mounds 3: 490, 491. 
from Old Pecos 2: 418. 
from Old Pojuaque 2: 441. 
from Oregon 3: 492, 494. 
from other locaUties 2: 421. 
from Pecan Point 3: 469, 470. 
from Pemiscott mound 3:468. 
from Peru, South America 3: 508, 

510. 
from Pictograph Rocks 2: 420. 
from Pojuaque 2: 438. 
from Pueblos 3: 511, 592. 
from Roane County 3: 457, 462. 



Collections — Continued 
from Sandia, N. Mex. 2 : 458. 
from San Ildefonso 2: 460. 
from San Jaun 2: 416, 456. 
from Santa Ana 2: 458. 
from Santa Clara 2: 415, 441. 
from Santo Domingo 2: 409, 450. 
from Sevier County 3: 442-456. 
from Silla 2: 454. 
from Taos 2: 464. 
from Tesuke 2: 410, 450. 
from the Jicarilla Apaches 2: 417. 
from Turquoise mine 2: 450. 
from Wisconsin 3: 506. 
from Wolpi 2: 375. 
from Zuni 2: 337. 
made by the Bureau 16: xlii, xlv, 

L, LIIl, LVIII. 

made during the year, detailed ac 
count of 22, i: xxxviii sq. 

number and character of 1 2 : 22 sqq. 

of amulets, hunting and war 3: 527. 

of arrows 3 : 589. 

of articles of animal substances 3 
437. 453, 458, 460, 467, 586. 

of articles of clay 3: 434, 443, 456, 
463, 469, 471-475, 476, 479, 485, 
487, 488, 491, 495, 507, 531, 575. 

of articles of metal 3: 446, 485. 

of articles of shell 3: 437, 446, 452- 

456, 458, 461, 466. 

of articles of stone 3: 431, 442, 453, 

457, 465, 470, 478, 490, 492, 520, 
587. 

of articles of vegetal substances 3: 

435, 520, 575. 
of axes 3: 521. 

of baskets 3: 546, 576, 580, 589. 
of bowls 3: 546, 564. 
of bows 3: 589. 
of condiment vessels 3: 569. 
of cooking pots 3: 564 s?g 
of cups 3: 545. 
of dippers 3: 566. 
of effigies 3: 574. 
of gourds 3: 589. 
of headdresses 3: 590. 
of implements of gambling 3: 581. 
of implements of the dance 3: 582. 
of implements of the loom 3 : 580. 
of Indian specimens, size and value of 

2: 319. 
of instruments of war and chase 3: 

581. 



240 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Collections — Continued 

of ladles 3: 566, 575. 

of metates 3: 521. 

of mortars 3: 522. 

ofmullers 3: 524. 

of paint jars 3: 573. 

of paint pots 3: 570, 573. 

of pitchers 3: 543. 

of rattles 3: 589. 

of spoons 3: 560-575. 

of the Historical Committee of the 
American Philosophical Society, 
cited 4: 158. 

of trephined crania 16: xc. 

of water bottles 3 : 533-538. 

of water containers 3: 538-543. 

of water jars 3: 531 sqq. 

of water jugs 3: 538, 543. 

report on 45: 18 sq. 

summary as to 38: 20 sq. 

transferred to United States Na- 
tional Museum 39: 27; 40: 20. 

transportation of 46: 62, 84, 123. 
Collections, West Indian 

Connell 34: 159. 

Dehesa 34: 169. 

Guesde 34: 128-137. 

Heye 34: 49 sqq. 

in European mviseums 34: 50. 

in Habana 34: 248. 

made by De Booy 34: 49, 63. 

Merino 34: 227. 

Taylor 34: 11, 81, 86. 

transferred to the National Museum 
34: 29. 
Collections of the Bureau of Amer- 
ican Ethnology, acquired or made 
by, or of 19: xviii, xx sq., xxix; 
24: XXVIII sq.; 35: xxi sq.; 26 
xxviii; 30: 21; 38: p. 20; 41 

19 sq.; 43, 72 sq., 95, 115 sq.; 42 
18; 43: IS; 44: 17 sq.; 45: 18 
sq.; 46: 15 s?.; 47: IS sq.; 48: 

20 sq. 

College Station, steatite vessel from 

15: 111. 
CoUens, J. H. 

excavations made by 34: 66. 
on Trinidad pottery 25: 190 sq. 
quoted on archeology of Trinidad 
34: 68. 
Collester, J. C, observations regarding 
hut rings by 12: 42. 



Collet, John 

notice of Angel mounds by 12:556. 
statement of, regarding salt-kettle 
pottery 12: 168. 
CoUett, Mrs. J. E., mound on farm of 

12: 344. 
CoUett, O. W., visit to salt-making 
pottery producing site by 20: 31. 
Collie, A., mention of 46: 231. 
Collins, — , treaty concluded by 18: 

851. 
Collins, G. N., on origin of cotton 30: 

78. 
Collins, Henry B., jr. 

collection made by 43:18; 44:18. 
mention of 46: 161, 164, 174, 210, 

238, 247, 254, 260, 295, 296, 324. 
work of 42: 3; 43: 13 sq.; 45: 14 
sqq. 
Collins, James, first settler in Clay 

County, Ky. 42: 783. 
Collins, J. Franklin, on wild rice in 

Rhode Island 19: 1032. 
Collins, Supt. J. L., on arms given to 

Pima 26: 51. 
Collins, Lewis 
cited 12: 696. 

notice of ancient work in Kentucky 
by 12: 579. 
Collins, Mary C, quoted on sym- 

boUsm 11: 531. 
Collins, Ralph P., on Poguate 29: 

539. 
Collins, Thomas J., on dice games, 

Kekchi 24: 141 sqq. 
Collinsia Violacea, medicinal use of 

42: 667. 
Colllnson, — , cited 6: 503. 
Colly, Agent 

Kiowa delegation with 17: 177. 
on Indian troubles of 1864 17: 314. 
Colombia, character of pottery from 

20: 20. 
Colon, Panama. See Tule Indians. 
Colonel's Island, Qa., burial vase 

from 20: 133. 
Colonial Period of Cherokee history 

19: 29-46. 
Colonial Policy toward Indians 18: 

562-639. 
Colonists 

of New Spain, characteristics of 14: 

373. 
trails used by 42: 731. 



StTBJECT INDEX 



241 



Colonization of New Spain 14: 

374. 
Coloose Creek, mention of 42: 36, 

38. 
Color 

aboriginal American pottery 20: 

63. 
absence of, in specimen examined by 

P. Kalm 20: 59. 
Catawba pottery 20: 55, 143. 
ceremonial use of 10: 619-622. 
Cherokee pottery 20: 56. 
classification of wares from Pueblo 

ruins by 22, i: 58-61, 179 sq. 
decorative use of 10: 619-622. 
designating social status 10: 633 S7. 
differentiation of, by Indians 14: 

1032. 
divisions of the Zuni 13: 369. 
effect of firing on 20: 53. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 117 

sq., 121, 126. 
for war and peace 10: 631 sqq. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20:106,111. 
ideocrasy of 10: 622 sqq. 
in Mississippi Valley pottery 4: 

373, 374. 
Indian, Eskimo, Yukon 46: 151, 

161. 
Iroquoian pipes 20: 173 sq. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 162. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pipes 20: 

158. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 20: 

153, 155. 
Middle Mississippi VaUey pipes 20: 



Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 84 sq. 
materials 4: 235, 236. 
mention of 46: 364. 
New Jersey-New England ware 20: 

175. 
Northwestern pottery 20: 193, 198, 

199. 
of coiled pottery 4: 283. 
of designs in pottery 4: 302. 
of Pueblo pottery 4: 269. 
Pamunkey pottery 20: 152. 
pleasures of 19: lxiii. 
primitive ideas concerning 19: 

LXXXIV. 

red 33: 322, 324, 646, 654, 655. 
red as a sacred 14: 1037. 



Color — Continued 

relative to death and mourning 10: 

629 sqq. 
significance of 10: 618-637. 
significance of, in Menomini cere- 
monial 14: 76. 
South Appalachian pipes 20: 141. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 132, 

138. 
Spanish oUve jars 20: 129. 
symbolic use of, in general 10: 

635 sq. 
variations of, in katcina representa- 
tions 21: 60, 82, 95. 
variations of, on parts of the body of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 80. 
Western Eskimo 46: 213-228. 
See also Color Decoration; etc.; 

Colors. 
Color Decoration 

Apalachee-Ohio pottery, absence of 

20: 180. 
aboriginal American pottery 20: 

42, 52, 63 sq., 66 sq. 
Florida pottery 20: 118, 124, 125, 

127. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 111, 112, 

113. 
Gulf Coast potterv, rarity of 20: 

105. 
Iroquoian pottery, absence of 20: 

164. 
Lower Mississippi Vallev pottery 

20: 103. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 84, 86, 87, 88, 93, 95, 96, 98, 

100, 101. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 138. 
southern and northern pottery 20: 

187. 
Color in Textile Art 6: 201, 202. 
Color of Seri 17: 137* sq. 
Color of Specimens 34: 132. 
Color Phenomena in textile ornament 

6: 215-232. 
Color Symbolism 

in Ghost dance 14: 919. 

in Shaker ceremony 14: 761. 

in Smohalla ritual 14: 725, 729. 

in the codices 16: 223, 228. 

in Tusayan sand pictures 16: 278. 

of the Cherokee 7: 342, 343. 

of the Zuni and Moki 15: 308. 



242 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Color Symbolism — Continued 

of Tusayan altar 16: 278 sq., 287, 
291. 
Colorado 

adobe of 14: 520. 

ancient cultural center 28: 157. 

antiquities of 28: 17. 

antiquities of, paper on 40: 17. 

archeological work in 40: 3. 

Chiquito 4: .306. 

ethnological work in 39: 12. 

field work in 23: ix, xvi, xvii; 
27: 7, 10. 

Indian pottery 4: 276 

maps 4: 158. 

military posts, etc., in 17: 382. 

office work on material from 20: ix. 

outlawry of hostile Indians in 17: 
176. 

petroglyphs in 10: 72-75. 

plateau house sites 4: 281. 

pottery of 4: 281, 305, 321-357. 

researches in 30: 11, 20, 22. 

rock carvings in 4: 27. 

ruin 4: 319. 

ruins, age of 28: 150. 

ruins, cliff dwellings 28: 151. 

ruins, pottery 28: 137, 139, 140. 

work in 7: xxi-xxiv; 29: 10, 16 
sq., 20. 

See also Little Colorado. 
Colorado and New Mexico, archeo- 
logical map of 26: xx. 
Colorado Juniper, use of 45: 465, 

498, 512. 
Colorado River 

discovery of 14: 403, 574. 

petroglyphs on, Utah 10:118,119, 
120. 

visit of Cardenas to 14: 390, 489. 

visit of Diaz to 14: 406, 485. 
Colorado River People. See Pueblo 

Indians. 
Colorado River Reserve. 

changes in 18: 898, 910. 

discontinuance of 18: 916, 920. 

estabhshment of 18: 894. 
Coloration 

artificial, of feathers 38: § 84. 

of hammocks 38: § 478. 
Coloring Matter and its application 

in pictograi)hs 10: 219-222. 
Colors 

applied to cardinal points 42 : 623 sq. 

arrangement of 41:280,286. 



Colors — Continued 

assignment of, to cardinal points 3: 

40-46. 
association of, to cardinal points 

11: 397. 
employed in Santa Rita wall painting 

19: 669 sq. 
in personal names 11: 533. 
in Siouan symbolism 11: 523, 527. 
of Navaho fabrics 3: 376. 
Omaha terms for 27: 111. 
prepared for Aleutian masks 3: 142. 
principal, black and red 31: 56. 
ritual 47: 284. 
significance of 4: 53-57. 
significance of, in games 11: 60. 
sources of 41: 233. 
symbolic association of 47: 862. 
symbolism of 45: 418 sg. 
used by Indians 4: 50, 51. 
used by Salish tribes 41: 146-149. 
used in beading 41:223. 
used in decorating pottery 2: 322, 

326, 330. 
used in face and body painting 45: 

418. 
used in imbrication 41: 140. 
See also Color, etc.; Colors, Cardi- 
nal; Paints; Pigments. 
Colors, Cardinal 

importance of, in beans 30: 69. 
importance of, in corn 30: 99. 
of theZuni 30: 49. 
symbolism of the Zuni 30: 64 
Colton, A. T., on Ca.sa Grande 

Reserve 15: 340. 
Columbia, Ky., traU to 42: 802. 
Columbia Fur Co., traders of 46: 

621. 
Columbia Indians 

Flathead names for 45: 300. 
name of, in sign language 45: 146. 
Columbia Region, tribes of the 14: 

731. 
Columbia River 

Cherokee contemplate removal to 

5: 264. 
drift seen by Ferrel 14: 412. 
improvidence of tribes on 7: 37,38. 
petroglyphs on, Washington 10: 

123." 
pictographs on 4: 26. 
Columbia River Indians 

a synonym of Wa'napum 14: 735. 
definition of 14: 710. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



243 



Columbia River Indians — Contd. 
in Shaker cluirch 14: 759. 
Smolialla ddctrine among 14: 71(1. 
Columbia River VaUey, probal>le 
origin of Hopewell mounds obsid- 
ian in 20: 194. 
Columbia Tribe 

basketry of 41: 142,154,155,230, 

414. 
rims of baskets of 41: 142. 
shapes of baskets of 41: 138, 141. 
use of imbrication by 41: 140. 
Columbian Exposition 

Bureau collection at 14: xxxvi, 

XXXIX, XLVI. 

exhibit at, of world's games 24: 

29. 
See also Madrid American His- 
torical Exposition; World's 
Columbian Exposition. 
Columbiana County, Ohio, rock 

carvings in 4: 21. 
Columbias, an Isle de Pierre synonym 

14: 734. 
Columbine, use of 45: 475, 507, 

516. 
Columbus, Bartholomew, native re- 
ception to 25: SI. 
Columbus, Christopher 
at Trinidad 34: 63 sq. 
cited 30: 365. 
diary of 25: 19, 203. 
explorations of, in Cuba 34: 242 

sq. 
Haitian idols described by 25: 57. 
landing place of 25: 33. 
method of fishing observed by 25: 



Omaha name for 27: 101. 
on Antillean ze7nis 25: 55. 
on character of Antilleans 25: 31, 

76 sq. 
on names of Antillean islands 25: 

78. 
on spirit beliefs 30: 165-169. 
presents received from Antilleans by 

25: 35, 136, 137, 153, 211. 
quoted on magic powder of Indians 

9: 513. 
race found in Haiti by 25: 80. 
regarded as supernatural 25: 54. 
search for, by Navidad settlers 25: 

212. 



Columbus, Fernando, on Antillean 

religion 25: 55. 
Columbus, Ga., legendary occurrence 

at site (if 42: 39. 
Columbus, Ohio, on Great Warrior's 

Trail 42: 757. 
Columbus Memorial Volume 
on Acoma 29: 544. 
on Isleta 29: 529 
on Kipana 29: 550. 
on San Crist6bal 29: 486. 
on Sandia 29: 525. 
on Santa Ana 29: 520. 
Columellse 

beads of 44: 158. 

manner of extracting from shell 2: 

214. 
pendants of 44: 149. 
use of, in manufacture of beads 2: 

219, 22.3. 
use of, in manufacture of pins 2: 
213, 218. 
Colville, Dr. Frederick V., acknowl- 
edgments to 24: xvi; 36: 55. 
Colville Indians 
bands of 45: 208. 
derivation of the name of 45: 198. 
Flathead name for 45: 300. 
hoop and pole game of 24: 457. 
Indian names for 45: 198, 199, 

200. 
intercourse of, with other tribes 45 : 

215. 
name of, in sign language 45: 145. 
population of 45: 212. 
sketch of 14: 732. 
synonyms for 45: 198. 
villages of 45: 209 sq. 
Colville Reserve 

changes in 18: 858, 944. 
estabhshment of 18: 856. 
Colville River 
Eskimo 46: 361. 
mention of 46: 206, 221. 
Colville Tribe 

imbricated basketry of 41 : 140, 

155. 
materials used in basketry of 41: 

154. 
population of 7: 105. 
trays made by 41: 138. 
Colville '(T alley Kalispel. See Che- 
welah. 



244 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(ETH. 



Colvin, Mr. — , graves on land of, 

Pennsylvania 12: 499. 
Coma, Guillermo, on character of 

Antilleans 25: 32. 
Coraals of steatite 44: S7 sq. 
Comalty. See Goma'te. 
Comanche 

absence of clans among the 14: 956. 
and Kiowa early warfare 14: 1079. 
association of the Kiowa with 7: 

84. 
attitude of the, in Civil War 19: 

148. 
Bent's reoommendation concerning 

17: 183. 
bravery of the 17: 317. 
character of the 17: 234. 
deportation of the, to Florida 17: 

215. 
derivation of Tiirtumsi from the 

21: 99. 
drawings of a Ghost dance 14: 

1060. 
drawings on bone by the 10: 206. 
expedition against Navaho by the 

17: 321. 
first intercourse with the 17: 169. 
former range of the 17: 161. 
games of the 24: 

dice games 55, 126, 159 sq. 

hand game 309. 

hoop and pole 442. 
gesture signs of the 10: 645. 
Ghost dance among the 14: xxxix, 

653, 901, 926 sq. 
habitat of the 7: 109. 
horses among the 17: 161. 
hostOity of the, in 1874 17: 202, 

252. 
identification of the, with Teya 14: 

524. 
inhumation of the 1: 99, 100. 
in peace council of 1872 17: 190. 
influence of the, on Pueblo archi- 
tecture 19: 641. 
killing of Arapaho by the 17: 272. 
Kiowa confederation with the 17: 

164. 
Kiowa inferior to the 14: 1080. 
Kiowa intercourse and war with the 

17: 161. 
Kiowa name for the 17:163. 
Kiowa peace with the 17: 162. 
land aUotment to the 17: 224. 



Comanche — Continued 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

838, 846. 
linguistic affinity of the 14: 525. 
linguistic studies among the 24: 

XXI. 

location of home camps of the 17: 

164. 
meeting with dragoons by the 17: 

264. 
meeting with Ponca 27: 79 sq. 
mescal ceremony of the 15: xxx\fiii. 
myth concerning thunderbird 14: 

968. 
name of the Arapaho 14: 954. 
name of the Caddo 14: 1092. 
name of the Cheyenne 14: 1023. 
name of the Ghost dance 14: 791. 
name of the Kiowa Apache 14: 

1081. 
name of the Sioux 14: 1057. 
name of the whites 14: 703, 978. 
name of the Wichita 14: 1095. 
number names of the 19: 929. 
Omaha name for the 27: 102. 
payment of grass money to the 17: 

220, 354. 
planned uprising among the 17: 

176. 
population, Catlin's exaggeration of 

17: 266. 
population in 1896 17: 235. 
population of the 7: 110. 
raids in Texas by the 17: 177, 187, 

199. 
raid on Barker's Fort by the 17: 

270. 
reference to the 29: 480. 
relations of the, with Pecos 29: 

478. 
researches among the 1 5 : xli. 
signing of Medicine Lodge treaty by 

the 17: 186, 321. 
sketch of the 14: 1043. 
smallpox among the 17: 168, 176. 
songs of the 14: 1046. 
Spanish influence transmitted 

through the 27: 114. 
status of the, in 1859 17: 182. 
study of the 16: xxni, xxviii. 
synonymy of the 14: 1043. 
surrender of the 17: 214. 
taboo of words by the 17: 152. 
Tewa name for the 29: 574. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



245 



Comanche — Continued 

treaties with the 17: ISO, 184, 

1S6, 321. 
treaty agreement liv the, in 1805 

17: 179. 
tribal signs for the 1 : 466. 
tribal signs of the 14: 1043. 
use of language, as trade language 

19: 188. 
war party of the, against Sauk and 

Fox 17: 302. 
.See also Kwahadi Comanche; No- 

koni Comanche; Padouca. 
Comanche Indian, linguistic work of 

Dr. A. S. Gatschet among the 6: 

XXXIV. 

Comandra Pallida, use of 45: 459. 
Comb 

chicken, appearance of, in pictures of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 80. 
function of use of 20: 73, 135 sq. 
mention of 35: 1224; 38: §517. 
use of, in finishing Middle Atlantic 
Coast pottery 20: 148, 153 sq., 
157. 
.See also Combs. 
Comb-hke Characters 

in Dresden Codex 16: 242. 
in Maya Codex 16: 238. 
Comb-Uke Ornaments 

Apalachee-Ohio pottery 20: ISO. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 
20: 97 sq., 154. 
Comb Plant 33: 131. 
Combination 

in Indian languages 1 : 7. 
languages, process of 1:3, 7. 
Combs 

for dressing deerskins 9: 300, 301. 
for making thread, Eskimo 18: 110, 

111. 
made of s.vringa 45: 83. 
of the Eskimo 9: 149 sg., 189; 18: 

58. 
of the Nenenot 11: 319. 
use of, in weaving 14: 562. 
.See also Comb. 
Come here, signals for 1: 529, 532. 
Comecrudo Indian 

hnguistic material, work on 29: 13, 

14. 
linguistic researches among 8: xxi. 
vocabulary of, collected by Dr. A. S. 
Gatschet 7: 68. 



Comedie Fran^aise, gestures of the 

1: 309. 
Comer, G. 46: 297. 
Comer, Capt. George, material col- 
lected by 24: 752. 
Comets 

beUef concerning 42: 478. 
Cherokee name for 19: 442. 
explanation of 30: 259. 
story concerning 42: 479. 
Comfort, O. J. 

on manufacture of pottery by Dako- 

tas 20: 187, 195. 
on pottery from Fort Wadsworth, 
North Dakota 20: 200 sq. 
Cominy-Snake. .See Podala'nte. 
Commander in Chief 38: §760. 
Commelinaceae 33: 70. 
Commerce 

between "Buffalo" Indians and 

Pueblos 9: 529, 530. 
elements of 20: XLiii sq. 
effect of, on the Indian 46: 464, 

465, 621 sqq. 
See also Trade; Traders. 
Commercial Fraud in relics 4: 248. 
Commercialism, development of, in 
the northeastern section 42: 
723 sq. 
Commisariat 38: § 761. 
Commissioner of Indian ASairs 
acknowledgment to 27: 8. 
5ee also Office of Indian Affairs. 
Commons, Supt. John M., acknowl- 
edgment to 27: 642. 
Communal Houses 

of the East Greenlanders 9: 76. 
Sec alio Long Houses. 
Communal Lands 47: 34, 477. 
Communal Pueblos 4: 480, 481. 
Communal Village, development of 
Pueblo architecture from conical 
lodge 8: 226. 
Communication 

between Asia and America 46: 93, 

96, 97. 
between the tribes 44: 246 sq. 
by means of pictographs 4: 160- 

164. 
means of 42: 446. 
Communism among North American 

Indians 7: 34, 35. 
Comogres, name for Tule Indians 
42: 10. 



246 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Comox 

ceremonial of 35: 892. 
marriage with 35: 95 L 
mention of 35: 895. 
Comoza's Band 

cession of reserve by 18: 752. 
reservation for 18: 740. 
Companies 

duties of 45: 156 sg. 
formation of 45: 1.56. 
Company of One Hundred, charter 

to 18: 546. 
Comparison 

degrees of, in sign language 1 • 363. 
of English with Indian 1: 15. 
Compass, Points of, references to 

27: 111, 113. 
Compass Plant, mention of 33: 

132. 
Complexion of the Western Eskimo 

18: 26, 27. 
Compositae 

gum from 26: 78. 
mention of 33: 130. 
Composite Mounds, interpretation 

of 37: 84. 
Composition, characterization of 33: 

330. 
Compostela 

departure of Coronado from 14: 

377, 478. 
establishment of 14: 473. 
rendezvous of Coronado 's army at 

14: 362. 
review of Coronado 's force in 14: 
596. 
Compound Vessels 

eastern United States pottery, mod- 
eling of 20: 51. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 118, 

126, 127. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20:105. 
Iroquoian pottery, rarity of 30: 

162. 
mention of 4: 412. 
Middle Atlantic Coast province, nh- 

sence of 20: 151. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 92, 93 sq. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 
138. 
Compounding in Language 1: 3. 



Compounds, Casa Grande 

age of 28: 105. 

ancient inhabitants of 28: 152. 

Compound A — 

description of 28: 88-95. 
excavation of 28: 37 .vr/?. 

Compound B — 

description of 28: 9.5-102. 
excavation and repair of 28: 
40 sq. 

Compound C— 

description of 28: 102 sq. 
excavation and repair of 28: 42. 

Compound D — 

description of 28: 104 sq. 
excavation and repair of 28: 42. 

Compound E and F — 

description of 28: 106. 
relation to Pueblos 28: 150-160. 
Compton, Maj. C. E., Indian opera- 
tions under 17: 212. 
Computation, methods of number 

19: 932 sq. 
Comupatrico, settlement of 14: 515. 
Comupavi, identified with Shunopavi 

17: 599. 
Cona, settlement of Plains Indians 

14: 507. 
Conant, A. J. 

cited 12: 601. 

description of shell gorgets by 2: 
300. 

mention of shell gorgets by 2: 287. 
Conant, L. L. 

on Australian counting 19: 877. 

on Australian number concepts 19: 
833, 837. 

on Cahuillo number names 19: 868. 

on Cora number names 19: 867. 

on geographic extent of vigesimal sys- 
tem 19: 924, 925. 

on Mosquito number names 19: 881. 

on origin and spread of vigesimal sys- 
tem 19: 926. 

on Othomian number names 19: 

on primitive counting 19: 875. 
on Totonaka numerals 19: 911. 
on Tschukschi (Chukchi) numerals 
19: 913. 
Conant, S., land treaty witness 14: 

29. 
Conant, Samuel, assistance rendered 
by 43: 15. 



SXJBJECT INDEX 



247 



Concausation 3: Lxv. 
Concepicon, Cristoval de la, at 
fdunding of Awatobi mission 17: 
599. 
Conception 

belief concerning 47: 679. 

beliefs concerning immaculate 11: 

59. 
induced by medicine 40: 337. 
means of inducing 35: 644. 
parthenogenetic, description of 21: 

167, 229. 
parthenogenetic, influence of, in de- 
velopment of religion 21: 138. 
prevented by medicine 40: 329. 
prevention of 47: 213. 
See also Pregnancy. 
Conceptual Terms, Serian and Yu- 
man, comparative analysis of 17: 
321*-344*. 
Conch Shell 

beads, as medium of exchange 42: 

456. 
range of the 2: 143. 
representations of, Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley pottery 20: 94. 
trumpets of, Casa Grande 28: 144 

sq. 
u.sed for Ijlack drink 42: 503. 
Conch Shell Cache, location of 37: 

99. 
Concho Tribe, description of 15: 

XXXIV. 

Concord, N. C, trail through 42: 778. 
Concretions 

ironstone, description of 44: 93 s^. 

ironstone, use of 44: 93. 

use of, as fetishes 13: 359, 366. 
Conde, Alejo Garcia, expedition sent 

against Seri by 17: 83. 
Conder, Lieutenant — , on symbol at 

Jeru-salem 4: 222. 
Condiment 

cups of clay from Zuiii 2: 363. 

See also Flavoring. 
Condracanqui, Peruvian insurrection 

under 14: 660. 
Cone Flower 

narrow-leaved purple 33: 131. 

use of 44: 292. 

use of, as medicine 30: 59. 

See also Budbeckia Laciniata. 
Cone-Flower Symbolic Haircut, sub- 
gentes using 43: 91. 



Cone Shell, ornament for lip 38: §74. 
Conejos, treaty of 18: S'2S. 
Cones 

description and figure of 13: 113. 
occurrence of, representations of, 
Florida mortuary pottery 20: 124. 
Conestoga 

connection of, with Suscjuehaima 

Valley pottery 20: 165. 
dice games of the 24: 105. 
former habitat of the 7:78. 
habitat of the 20: 159. 
]iopulation of the 43: 458. 
war of the, on Mohawk 43: 458. 
Confederacy 

features of 19: xlix. 
how governed 15: cix. 
of the Iroquois, established by Hia- 
watha 2: 54. 
relation of Cherokee to Sout iiern 5 : 

376. 
See also Creek Confederacy. 
Confederate Operations in far South- 
west 26: 48. 
Confederate States 

Cherokee declaration for 19: 148. 
East Cherokee relation with 19: 
168-171. 
Conference at Falmouth 43: 174 

Sfj. 

Conference of Southwestern Ar- 

cheologists, mention of 47: 1. 
Confession 

of patients to Indian medicine-men 

9: 465, 466. 
rite of, among Isletans 47: 206. 
Confinement. See Childbirth. 
Congaree Indians 

and Santee Indians, embalmment of 

1: 132, 133. 
birds domesticated by the 42: 694. 
Cherokee relations with the 19: 31 

sq. 
mention of the 42 : 704. 
stick games of the 24: 258. 
Congress, Cherokee representation in 

19: 125. 
Conibo Indians, occlusion of sight 

among the 30: 299 sq. 
Conical Mounds 

as burial places 37: 84. 
definition of 12: 29. 
distribution of 37: 78, 91. 
joined to hnear 37: 92. 



248 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Conical Mounds — Continued 

made b.v the Sioux 37: 76. 

number of 37: 83. 

of Lake Koshkonong 37: 100. 

See also Burial Mounds. 
Conical Tinklers 21: 61. 
Conifers 33: 63. 
Conjugal Conation, law of, as applied 

to Seri 17: 162* sq. 
Conjunctions, in sign language 1: 

367. 
Conjunctive Mode 

Algonkin 28: 272. 

Arapaho 28: 236. 

Cree 28: 272. 

Fox 28: 234, 253, 260, 261, 265, 
271, 272, 279, 288. 

Micmac 28: 245, 269, 272, 279, 
285, 287 sq. 

Natick 28: 272. 

Ojibwa 28: 268, 272. 

Peoria 28: 234, 245, 260, 265, 268, 

270, 271, 272, 279, 288. 
Shawnee 28: 234, 245, 255, 265, 

271, 272, 279. 
Conjunctives, indefinite passive, .\1- 

gonquian 28: 279. 
Conjunctivities among the Pima 26: 

268. 
Conjurer 

love charms made by the 42: 

635 sq. 
practice of the 1 : 583. 
results obtained by the 44: 270. 
See also Doctors. 
Conjuring 

among the Northern Indians 11: 

193, 274. 
in Cherokee myth 19: 255, 277 sq., 

279, 320, 374 sq., 393 sq., 501, 502, 

and passijn. 
Indian practice of 19: 495. 
Connecticut 

aboriginal quarrying in 15: 105, 

107. 
Indian policy of 18: 607 sq., 611- 

619. 
Indian spades from 13: 133. 
Iroquoian pottery from 20: 168. 
petroglyphs in 10: 75. 
pottery of 20: 146, 178, 179. 
tribes and dialects of 43: 205-287. 



Connecticut Avenue, Washington, 
D. C, quarries of, description of 
15: 116. 

Connecticut Board of Agriculture 
and Experiment Station, report 
of, on composition of cereals and 
fruits 19: 1081 sq. 

Connecticut Indians 
account of 18: 612 sqq. 
purchase of land from 18: 616. 

Connecticut Land Company, cession 
of land claimed by 18: 666. 

Connecticut Western Reserve, his- 
tory of 18: 667 .-iqq. 

Connections between .\siatics and 
Americans 46: 197. 

Connell, E., acknowledgment to 34: 

Connell Collection 34: 87, 159, 

160-166. 
Connelly, William E. 

on dice games, Wyandot 24: 118 s?. 
on football, Wyandot 24: 702. 
on hidden ball, Wyandot 24: 351. 
Conner, Henry, land treaty witness 

14: 29. 
Conner, Mrs. Bebecca, mounds on 

land of 5: 74; 12: 348. 
Conneross, myth concerning 19: 412. 
Connor, James E., work of 43: 19. 
Connotation of Indian nouns 1 : S. 
Connoun, number of specimens from 

34: 49. 
Conoy 

association of, with Delawares 19: 

497. 
fate of 19: 498. 
Conquest Play at Xico Viejo 25: 

248. 
Conquistadores, meaning of term, in 

New Spain 14: 563. 
Conrad, Captain — , orders Selwyn to 

visit Kuwapi 14: 799. 
Consag, Padre Ferdinando, explora- 
tions and map by 17: 65. 
Consanguinity 

among the Guiana Indians 38: 

§876. 
Fox system of, reference to 40: 375. 
importance of, among savages 22, i: 

XXV. 

Consanguineous Kinship of the 

Omahas 3: 253. 
Conscience of the Eskimo 18: 294. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



249 



Consecration 

of dance ground 14: 918. 
of kivas 8: 129. 
of feathers 14: 919. 
of the earth 14: 919. 
Conservative Party at Acoma, dis- 
cussion of 47: 61 sq. 
Conserves, jn-eparation of, from datil 

30: 72 sq. 
Consonantic Clusters 28: 
Abnaki 280. 
Arapaho 235, 236. 
Cheyenne 232 sq., 234, 236. 
Cree 231, 238, 246. 
Delaware 279, 290a. 
due to ehmination of vowels 283. 
Eastern Algonquian 236, 246, 284. 
Fox 249, 283. 
linguistic classification based on 

226. 
Malecite 280, 281 sq., 283. 
Menomini 249, 280 sq. 
Micmac 280 sq., 283. 
Munsee 290a. 
Natick 234. 

Northern Blackfoot 230 sq. 
Passamaquoddy 259, 280, 282. 
Penobscot 280, 282 sq. 
Piegan 229 sq., 231, 236. 
various Algonquian languages 274. 
C onstellations 

belief concerning 11: 617. 
defining the seasons 38: §937. 
how formed and named 21: 227, 

228. 
in Tewa conception 29: 50 sq. 
Iroquois myth concerning 2: 80. 
See aho Star. 
Constipation, how treated by the 

Zuni 30: 57. 
Constitution 

Cherokee adoption of 19: 112,116, 

135. 
East Cherokee, adoption of 19: 173. 
Construction 

of Casa Grande, method of 28: 82, 

85. 
of pottery in Mississippi Valley 4: 

372. 
principles of 20: xxxvi-xxxix. 
Pueblo ceramic 4: 268. 
See also Manufacture; Walls. 
Constructive Experiments in clitf 
dwelUngs 16: 170. 



Consumption of wild rice 19: 1080- 

1088. 
Consumption 
among the Pima 26: 267, 268. 
treatment «{ 42: 658, 659, 667. 
See also Tuberculosis. 
Contact of people modifies ideas 4: 

370. 
Containers 
original use of vessels as 20: 61. 
See also Domestic Pottery. 
Contentment, legend of 30: 380 sq. 
Contest 

between men of supernatural power 

35: 1139-1147. 
fast-eating, of the Winnebago 37: 
485. 
Conti, a Georgia Indian food 13: 17. 
Continence 

oljservance of 47: 132, 286. 
See aho Taboos, sexual. 
Contours represented on plans, inter- 
val of 8: 45. 
Contract for repairing Casa Grande 

15: 333, 335. 
Contracted Position 

in burials, Bonasila 46: 61. 
in burials. Ghost Creek 46: 63. 
in burials, Pastohk 46: 77. 
Contrares, Jose, aid rendered by 

17: 14. 
Contributions to North American 
Ethnology 
mention of 4: 153, 166, 195, 231. 
plan of 20: 16. 
Contributions to the Archeology of 
Missouri 4: 367, 414, 41S, 422. 
Contributors, list of 48: 1189. 
Controverted Pictographs 10: 

759-767. 
Conus Shells 

ornaments of 28: 145. 
Pueblo articles made of 22, i: 91. 
Conventional Pictographic Devices 
for 10: 
chief 652 sq. 
council 653 sq. 
famine 655 sq. 
peace 650 sq. 
plenty of food 654 sq. 
starvation 656. 
war 651 sq. 
mention of 10: 650 664. 



250 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Conventionality 

of painted flesigns, eastern United 

States pottery 20: 67. 
of signs 1 : 333, 336, 340. 
Conventionalization of Life Mo- 
tives 
eastern United States pottery 20; 

65, 66. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 118, 

123, 126, 127. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 113 sq. 
C on ventionalizing 

development of 10: 649 sq. 
in pictography 10: 64&-675. 
mention of 4: 13, 15, 244. 
Convolvulaceae 33: 110, 111. 
Convolvulus Panduratus, medicinal 

u.se of 42: 670. 
Convulsions, treatment for 44: 336, 

338. 
Conway, Maurice, grant of land to 

18: 542. 
Conyatz. Sec Kaneatche. 
Conyers, Mr. — , moinid on farm of, 

in Georgia 12: 313. 
Cook, Rev. C. H. 
account of 26: 59. 
on mountain sheep 26: 82. 
on Pima conical house 26: 155. 
on Pima fishing 26: 174. 
opposed by Pima medicine-men 

26: 256. 
work of, among the Pima 26: 34, 
63, 267 sq. 
Cook, Miss Emily S., collection pur- 
chased from 42: IS. 
Cook, CaiJt. James 

description of Alaskan labrets by 3: 

106. 
description of Eskimo houses by 9: 

78. 
discoveries, Norton Sound 46: 126. 
mention of 46: 213. 
Waukash tribe named by 7: 129. 
works of, consulted 9: 21. 
Cook, Joseph W., on Yankton gentes 

15: 217. 
Cook, B. L., killed at Wounded Knee 

14: 872. 
Cook, Judge W. L., information fur- 
ni.-shed bv 42: 852. 



Cook, Zachariah 

acknowledgment to 42: 32. 
information furnished by 42: 65, 

78, 306, 524, 527. 
miko of Tukabahchee town 42: 

557. 
names furnished by 42: 98, 99, 

103 sqq. 
stomp dances and busk described 
by 42: 557, 568. 
Cook Inlet, ornate stone lamp from 

46: 34. 
Cooke, Lieutenant Colonel — 
on the Pima 26: 30. 
reference to 28: 65. 
Cooke, C. S., interpreter for Sioux 

delegation 14: 891. 
Cooking 

among the Northern Indians 1 1 : 

233, 280. 
among the Point Barrow Eskimo 

9: 63. 
Eskimo manner of 18: 288 sq. 
fiat rocks used for 41: 498. 
in clay vessels 41: 583-586,607. 
methods of 45:92-95; 46:582. 
pottery for 4: 272, 283, 371. 
Pueblo method of 8: 164. 
taught to girls 40:299,303. 
utensils for 45: 230. 
See also Domestic Pottery; Food. 
Cooking Baskets, terms for 41: 396. 
Cooking Pits 

and ovens, description of 8: 162- 

166, 176 sq. 
employment of clay as lining for 
20: 49. 
Cooking Pot, appearance of, in pic- 
tures of Hopi katchinas 21: 104. 
Cooking Stones of Tusayan, names 

of 8: 104. 
Cooking Vessels 

of clay, from Canyon de Chelly 2: 

420. 
of clay, from Santa Clara 2: 416. 
of clay, from Tesuki 2: 414. 
of clay, from Wolpi 2: 384. 
of clay, from Zuni 2: 358. 
Cookkoo-oose tribe of Lewis and 

Clark 7: 89. 
Cooks, Three, duties of 47: 45, 51. 
Cooksey, Keo. —, article by 30: 80. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



251 



Cooley, Dennis N., commissioner to 
treat with Cliemkee 5: 334, 341. 
Coolidge, Sherman, acknowledg- 
ments to 14: 655. 
Cooper, A., acknowledgments to 14: 

655. 
Cooper, Amy, mention of 43: 224. 
Cooper, Charles L. 

on Nambe Puehio 29: 359. 
on Tesuque 29: 387. 
Cooper, Rev. John M., bulletin by 

39: 24. 
Cooper, Theodore, mention of 43: 

233. 
Cooper County, Mo., occurrence of 

.salt-making vessels in 20: 31. 
Cooper Family, mention of 43: 224. 
Cooper Place, flint on 44: 517. 
Cooperations, purposes of 20: Lxv. 
Coos Indians 
account of wild rice harvested by 

19: 1076. 
researches among the 25: xvii. 
standard of life of the 19:1079. 
Coos Language 

granmiar of, by Dr. L. Fraclitenberg 

34: 21. 
paper on 36: 30. 
Coosa 

a town of refuge 42 : 253. 
a White town 42: 254. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 206 sqq. 
connection of, with origin of upper 

Creeks 42: 40. 
considered as offspring of Hickory 

Ground 42: 70. 
Creek peace town 19: 207 sq. 
independent origin of 42: 262. 
legendary origin of name 42: 53. 
mention of 42: 36. 
mention of, in Kasihta legend 42: 

39. 
mvths concerning town of 42: 69- 

72. 
synonym for 42: 69. 
Coosa Indians, linguistic work among 

the 24: xxn. 
Coosa Language, grammatical notes 

on 26: xxn. 
Coosa River 

Alabama established on 42: 44. 
Muskogee settled on 42: 45. 
Coosades. See Eoasati. 



Coosawatee 

establishment of mission at 19: 107. 

surrender of prisoners at 19: 66. 
Cooshatta. See Eoasati. 
Cooshatti. See Eoasati. 
Coospellar, a synonym of the Pend 

d'Oreille 14: 731. 
Cootenai Tribe 7: 85. 

See also Eutenai. 
Cooweescoowee, origin of name 19: 

Copaifera Officinalis 

oil of 38: § 23. 

oil of, for body anointing 38: § 511. 
Copala, name of province in Great 

Plains 14: 492. 
Copan, Central America 

face numbers from Mayan monu- 
ments at, discussion of 22, i: 
221-225. 

face numbers from Mayan monu- 
ments at, plates and figures show- 
ing 22, i: 224, 225. 

Great Cycle symbols on inscription 
at, figures showing 22, i: 266. 

initial series of 19:801-806. 

inscriptions of 19:776-788. 

inscriptions on Mayan monuments at, 
discussion of 22,1:221-225,254, 
301. 

inscriptions on Mayan monuments 
at, plates and figures showing 
22, i: 224, 225, 301. 

inscriptions on Mayan monuments 
at, terminal dates of, significance 
of 22, i: 290-299. 

ruins of 3: 64. 

statues of 1: 207, 224, 227, 228, 
229, 245. 
Cope, E. D. 

on Cristone Pueblo ruin 29: 115. 

on Cuyamunque 29: 333. 
Copehan Family 7: 69 sq. 
Copehan Stock 

implements employed by, in stick 
games 24: 227. 

tribes of the 24: 
Winnimen 241. 
Wintun 283, 658. 
Copeland, Rev. Charles E., informa- 
tion obtained from 44: 191, 192, 
193. 
Copenhagen Museum, West Indian 
objects in 34: 50, 179. 



5719° 



-33- 



-17 



252 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Coping. See Boof-coping. 
Copings of Hatchways 8: 203. 
Copings of Walls, description of 8: 

151 sg. 
Copper 

arrows poisoned by corrosion 14: 

285. 
articles collected from mounds 12: 

24. 
articles, in some instances introduced 

by Europeans 12: 710. 
as a fabric preservative 13: 36. 
association of implements of, with 

pottery, Nortliwestern province 

20: 192. 
ax from mounds 12: 325. 
beads from mounds 12: 77, 79, 113, 

337, 340, 343, 379, 412, 515. 
bracelets from mounds 12: 51,393, 

426, 431. 
bracelets of 35: 937. 
breaking of 35: 685. 
chisels from mounds 12: 107. 
covered ear pendants 12: 153. 
crescents from mound 12: 113,340. 
cylinder found by E. B. Andrews, 

smooth and even as though rolled 

12: 711. 
cylinders from mound 12:336,337. 
dislcs from mounds 12: 76, 324. 
Eskimo ornaments made of 18: 52, 

56, 58. 
Eskimo implements made of 18: 

148, 177 sqg., 276, 280, 282, 283. 
fire from heaven transformed into 

31: 467. 
found by Coronado at Quivira 14: 

397, 509, 577, 582. 
found in Awatobi 17: 608,609,631. 
from burial cave, spool 12: 285. 
from stone graves, plates, figured 

12: 161. 
gorget from mound 12: 426, 495. 
in use among Indians 5: 93, 94, 

100-106; 19: 23, 26. 
kettles from mound 12: 51, 163, 

502. 
masks of 46: 34. 
medal from mound 12: 246. 
mention of 35: 655, 684, 685, 770, 

772, 775, 777, 778, 785; 38: § 751. 
mines, ancient, in Michigan 14: 

XXXV, 345. 
mines of Lake Superior 13: xxvni. 



Copper — Continued 

objects of American Indians 13: 

165. 
occurrence of articles of, in Georgia 

mound 20: 139. 
occurrence of clay cores from ear 

disks of 20: 43, 142. 
occurrence of human heads stamped 

in, Georgia 20: 138. 
pictographs on 10: 212 sq. 
plate 46: 35 
plates from mound 12: 67, 80, 81, 

337, 416, 495. 
plates with impressed figures 12: 

153, 302, 303, 305-309, 320, 324. 
purchase of 35: 685. 
recognized by Colorado River In- 
dians 14:" 405. 
rings of 12: 513. 
sleigh bells or hawk's bells from 

mound 12: 376, 714. 
spearheads on Menomini reserve 

14: 36, 37. 
specimens found in southwestern 

ruins 28: 98, 148. 
spindles from mounds 12: 76, 97, 

351, 353. 
spools from mounds and stone graves 

12: 144, 285, 324, 325. 
taboos relating to 31: 305, 306, 

450. 
Tewa name for 29: 580. 
use of, by the Winnebago 37: 85 

sq. 
unknown to ancient Tusayan 17: 

741. 
used by maturing girl 35: 701. 
used in embroidery 13: 28. 
wire from mound 12: 73. 
work in, suggesting Mexican influ- 
ence 20: 42. 
See also Implements, Copper. 
Copper Bells 

found among Texas Indians 14: 

350. 
from Pueblo ruins in Arizona, de- 
scription of 22, i: 50, 111, 162 

sq. 
from Pueblo ruins in Arizona, figures 

showing 22, i: 111, 162. 
in Arizona ruins 17: 628, 629. 
Copper Bracelets 35: 777. 
Copper Eskimo 46: 230. 



BONNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



253 



Copper Implements, aboriginal, col- 
lection of 21: XXXIII. 
Copper Plates 

figured, found in stone graves 12: 

701. 
figured, from Hollywood Mound, 

Georgia 12: 320. 
frauds 4: 247. 
of the Tlingit 26: 437. 
used only at potlatches 31: 57. 
Copper River, western boundary of 

Tlingit 26: 396. 
Copper Shields. See Plates (copper 

and brass). 
Copperhead, myths and lore concern- 
ing 19: 252 sq., 296, 313. 
Coppers 

breaking of 35: 822, 1115 8?. 
nention of 35: 856, 861, 883, 884, 
889, 890, 903, 964, 969, 1024, 1072, 
1079, 1083, 1087, 1088, 1111, 1112, 
1113, 1114, 1351, 1352. 
painted on house front 35: 805. 
pric* of 35: 1024, 1026. 
sale of 35: 1115. 
small 35: 777. 
Copris Beetle, harbinger of rainy 

season 38: §938. 
Coptis TrifoUa, use of 44: 288, 369. 
Copvmnish, a Sahaptin synonym 14: 

744. 
Cop way, George 

on double ball, Missisauga 24: 653 

sq. 
on duck In Ontario 19: 1098. 
on hidden ball, Missisauga 24: 344. 
on racket, Missisauga 24: 569 sq. 
on ring and pin, Missisauga 24: 538. 
on running races, Missisauga 24: 
803. 
Coqiiell. See Siletz Reserve. 
Coquite, pueblo of 14: 523. 
Cora 

meaning of number names of 19: 

878. 
number names of 19: 867, 930. 
Corados, pictured notices bv the 10: 

357. 
Coral, use of, as necklace, in Hopi 

pictures 21: 119. 
Coral Berry 33: 116. 
Corazones 

Coronado's army in valley of 14: 
484. 



C orazones — Conti nued 

description of, by Jaramillo 14: 

585. 
food supply in 14: 553. 
kindness of Indians of 14: 534, 

537. 
or Valley of Hearts, in Sonora 14: 

392. 
river and settlement of 14: 515. 
settlement of, by Arellano 14: 572. 
Corbeau. See Gaa-Bohon. 
Corbusier, William F. 

account of Dakota customs by 10: 

265. 
cited on Indian wigs 9: 474. 
cited on use of pollen by Indians 

9: 505. 
cited on Indian medicine men 9: 

460. 
petroglyphs reported by 10: 129 

sq. 
quoted on galena among the Indians 

9: 549. 
religious ceremonies described by 

10: 505 sq. 
Corbusier, Dr. William H. 

local source of sign language 1 : 317. 
on Crow occupancy of Black Hills 

7: 114. 
on pictographs 4: 60. 
on rock carvings 4: 24. 
on time symbols 4: 88. 
sign for strong 1 : 364. 
Winter Counts, the 4: 95, 118, 119, 

121, 124, 127-146. 
Cord 

Eskimo implements for making 18: 

110 sqq. 
markings on pottery 3: 423. 
of St. Francis 9: 556 sq. 
umbilical, treatment of 38: § 905. 
See also Cords. 
Cord Attachers of the Eskimo 18: 

142-145. 
Cordage 

of the Menomini 14: 260, 273. 
primitive manufacture of 13: 21. 
Corderu, Tefilo, archeological mate- 
rial found by 25: 100. 
Cording 

with one thread 38: § 40. 
with three threads 38: § 41. 
Cordoncillo, medicinal remedy 26: 

80. 



254 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(eth. 



Cordova, P. Fr. Juan de 

on meaning of nagache 16: 228. 
on meaning of guM-?oJia 16: 231 sg. 
on Zapotec counting by moons 19. 

954. 
on Zapotec numerals 19: 872, 887. 
Cordova, Luis Cabrera de 
on Jemez 29: 402. 
on San Juan 29: 21.3. 
Cordova, Mexico 

antiquities near 26: xv. 
Indian burials of 46: 35. 
Indians of 46: 36. 
Cords 

formerly used in binding prisoners 

9: 574 sq. 
imitation of impressions of, in potterv 

decoration 20: 66, 79, 134, 190. 
magic wind, of the Lapps 9: 560 sg. 
Mahometan belief concerning 9: 

566. 
measuring 9: 572 sq. 
mnemonic 9: 561 sqq. 
of theSeri 17: 227*-230*. 
sacred, of the Brahinans and Parsis 

9: 563-567. 
superstitions concerning 9 : 533-580. 
sacred, ophic origin of 9: 574. 
unclassified, superstitions concerning 

9: 576-580. 
use of, eastern United States pottery 

20: 50, 52, 68, 72, 73-79. 
use of, Florida Peninsula pottery 

20: 118. 
use of, Iroquoian pottery 20: 163. 
use of, Mid-Atlantic Coast pottery 

20: 148-156. 
use of. New Jersey- New England pot- 
tery 20: 179. 
use of. Northwestern pottery 20: 

188, 189, 190, 191, 194-20L 
use of, Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185. 
used for suspending chimnev 8: 

170. 
used in casting lots 9: 558 sq. 
See also Cord; Fabrics; Paddles; 

Roulette; Textiles. 
Cores, described and figured 13: 170. 
Corial 

a dugout boat 38: § 792, 797. 
string figure of 38: § 668, 680. 
Coriander Seeds 

ground cherry eaten with 30: 70. 
used as food 30: 66. 



Coriander Seeds — Continued 
used for drinking 30: 66. 
used for dyeing 30: 80. 
Cormorant 

legend concerning 30: 225 sq. 
skin, Eskimo clothing made of 18: 

31, 39. 
Tlingit charm from 26: 454 sq. 
Corn 

a gift to the people 39: 207. 
a life symbol 43: 68. 
acquisition of 32: 642. 
appearance of, in Hopi pictures 21 : 

68, 69, 82, 95, 98, 102, 106, 115, 

119, 122. 
Arapaho mythic origin of 14: 959. 
artificialization of 13: lix. 
as a fetish 47: 277. 
attached to prayer sticks 17: 739. 
beans used with 30: 70, 74, 85. 
bee plant cooked with 30: 69. 
beliefs concerning 47: 277. 
black, magic power of 47: 683, 

686, 689. 
blue, a life symbol 36: 136. 
burned in New Fire ceremony 42: 

555, 562 sq., 584, 604, 605, 606, 607. 
cactus used with 30: 69. 
carried in Oraibi dance 16: 293. 
ceremonial use of 43: 48, 72. 
ceremonies connected with 42: 707. 
ceremony in Tusayan 16: 307. 
charred, found in ruins 33: 191, 

196. 
chemical composition of 19: 1081. 
clan names from 30: 86. 
cocklebur used with 30: 72. 
cooking of, by the Chippewa 44: 

319. 
crushers of lake dwellers 13: 87. 
cultivation of 27: 252, 626. 
cultivation of, by the Navaho 16: 

84. 
customs concerning 11: 410. 
description of native American 14: 

518. 
destruction in Troano Codex 16: 

217. 
distribution of grains of 23: 194, 

195. 
distribution of, in Soyaluna 21: 24. 
dramatization of growth of 21: 93. 
drink made of 47: 921. 
enormous size of 32: 481. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



255 



Corn — Continued 

Eriocoma seeds mixed with 30: 67. 
feast of 37: 384. 
flint, a life symbol 36: 134. 
found in Awatobi 17: 606, 619. 
found in cavate lodges 13: 225. 
found in Honanki 17: 572. 
found in Ruin No. 6 33: 172. 
green sweet, chemical composition 

of 19: 1081. 
green, taboo concerning 42: 554, 

573. 
grown by women 39: 288. 
Hopi symbohsm of 17: 662. 
importance of introduction of 42: 

726. 
in Caddo mythology 14: 1093. 
in Cheyenne mythology 14: 1027. 
in Hopi ceremony 17: 628. 
in Hopi mythology 16: 302. 
in Ponca legend 27: 49. 
in Tusayan ceremony 15: 270,271, 

278, 279, 280, 283, 289, 302. 
Indian \ise of 19: 481. 
introduction of, into the West Indies 

34: 58. 
lambsquarter seed eaten with 30: 

66. 
large quantities of, raised by certain 

tribes 7: 41. 
legend of origin of 32: 643. 
mesa named for 30: 86. 
method of grinding, at pueblos 14: 

522, 559. 
mysterious appearance of 32: 637, 

640. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 244 

sg., 246, 248, 249, 421, 423, 432, 

471. 
myths concerning 11: 40, 76, 403. 
of Antelope altar 19: 968. 
of Macilenya 19: 989. 
of Mishongnovi Cakwalenya altar 

19: 992. 
orache seeds eaten with 30: 66. 
origin of 30: 73. 

Pawnee use of, in glazing inner sur- 
faces of pots 20: 59. 
people of Zuni tradition 13: 343. 
perfecting ceremony 13: 445. 
pigweed mixed with 30: 67. 
place in Wa'wa" ceremony 27: 379. 
planting time for, by the Hopi 15: 

258, 259. 



Corn^Continued 

pollen used in Navaho 

14: 705. 
preparation of 23: 186,187. 
Itreparation of, for bush fire 42: 

562 sg. 
preparation of a perfect ear of 23: 

418. 
probable place of origin of 33: 59. 
prominent in Flute ceremony 19: 

1005. 
red, a life symbol 36:136. 
rite connected with 45: 530. 
rites connected with Snake dance 

16: 306. 
ritual of 27: 609. 
roasting of 30: 76. 
sacred, of the Arapaho 17: 242. 
sacred feast of 22, ii: 161, 333. 
sacred nature of 47: 496. 
sacrosanct, term for 47: 217. 
significance of 16: 228. 
Sioux mythic origin of 14: 1063. 
songs and dances of 32: 649. 
speckled, a life symbol 36: 137. 
spirits associated with 30: 228, 230 

sg. 
sprouted beverage with 30: 76. 
spurge used for sweetening 30: 68. 
stack (shock) of, at Walpi Flute altar 

19: 1001. 
stores of, kept by Indians 14: 584. 
sweet, introduced in Mishongnovi 

17: 604. 
symbolic planting of 39: 194; 43: 

55, 56. 
symbolic use of 21: 41; 47: 121. 
symbolism of 43: 48. 
symbolic of cardinal points 16: 291. 
symbols in the codices 16: 216, 

226, 242. 
tumbleweed seeds used with 30: 

65. 
use of 44: 294. 
use of, by Natackas 21: 35. 
use of, in Hopi 21: 114. 
use of, in initiation ceremony 47: 

74. 
use of, in naming ceremony 47: 

134, 215. 
used as food 30: 73-76. 
used in ceremonies 30: 99 sg. 
used in making he'palokia 30: 75. 
used in medicine 30: 62. 



256 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Corn — Continued 

used, in Tusayan ceremony 16: 

279, 280, 282. 
varieties grown by Indians 33: 67. 
varieties of 37: 117. 
white, origin of 32: 652. 
white-flour, medicinal use of 42: 

665. 
yellow, a life symbol 36: 137. 
Zufii origin of 13: 391. 
Zuni regard for 13: 376. 
See also Agriculture; Corn (among 

the Pima); Corn, Ear of; etc.; 

Maize; Meal; New Corn Crop; 

Pollen. 
Corn (among the Pima). 
article of trade 26: 94. 
food product 26: 72 sq. 
in mythology 26: 352. 
in song 26: 332 sq. 
Corn, a female man-being in Iroquoian 

cosmology 21: 174. 
Corn, Ear of 

appearance of, in Hopi katcinas 

21: 102, 122. 
function of, in Hako ceremony 22, 

ii: 46. 
in katcina representations 21: 68. 
journey to the sun by 22, ii: 50-56. 
leadership of, assertion of 22, ii: 

68-73, 85-89, 299, 306, 307. 
leadership of, assumption of 22, ii: 

59. 
meaning of design painted on 22, 

ii: 44 sqq. 
painting of 22, ii: 42-46, 289, 290. 
plate representing 22, ii: 44. 
roasted, in pictures of Hopi katcinas 

21: 105, 116. 
sacred 22, ii: 156. 
symbolism of 22, ii: 22, 23, 44, 289. 
use of 22, ii: 20. 
use of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas 

21: 98. 
Corn, Green 

festival of the Iroquois 2: 115. 
Iroquois festival of gathering of 2: 

115. 
planting of 2: 115. 
Corn Clan 

ceremony of 47: 82, 94 sqq. 
native name for 42: 116. 
reference to 47: 910. 
same as Kolon clan 19: 615, 6.18. 



Corn Creek Reserve, sale of 18:830. 
Corn Creek TJta, executive order 

affecting 18: 892. 
Corn Dances 

ceremony of 32: 647. 
description of 42: 534; 44: 257. 
See also Green Corn Dance. 
Corn Ears 

representation of, Florida Peninsula 

pottery 20: 124. 
supposed iHadeling, of Iroquoian 
pottery 20: 163. 
Corn Festival, modern survival of 

43: 2.55. 
Corn God 

in Maya hieroglyphs 16: 210, 217, 

229. 
of the Pima 26: 333. 
Corn Groups 

discussion of 47: 269-274. 
marriage within 47: 235, 269. 
names of 47: 270. 
officers of 47: 269. 
Corn Hills, Indian remains 43: 256 

sq. 
Corn Husks 

appearance of, in Hopi pictures 21 : 
65, 67, 74, 75, 83, 91, 100 sq., 
103, 106, 110, 111, 121. 
artificial flowers made of 21: 85. 
use of, as necklace in dress of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 100. 
Corn Katcinas. See Kae. 
Com Kernel Mosaic, at Mishongnovi 

altar 19: 993. 
Corn Maid 

doUs of the Hopi 17: 704. 
figures of the Hopi 17: 661. 
figures on Hopi pottery 17: 657, 

658, 662. 
images on Flute altar 16: 300. 
impersonation of 47: 913. 
myth concerning 47: 914-919. 
personated in Hopi dances 16: 300 
Corn Maidens 

assembling of 23: 56. 

association of, with Hehea 21: 73. 

bringing of 23: 48. 

ceremony over 23: 55. 

dancing of 23: 32. 

discovery of 23: 48, 49. 

escape of 23: 49. 

gods, assumed the forms of 23: 53. 

naming of 23: 31. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



257 



Corn Maidens — Continued 

procession of, from Ku'shilowa 23: 

53. 
protection of, by the gods 23: 49. 
representation of, by marionettes 

21: 87, 88. 
return of 23: 52. 
younger sister of 23: 55. 
Zuni ceremonial of 13: 430, 435, 

442, 443. 
See also Cardinal Corn Maidens. 
Corn Meal 

at Hopi altars 19: 983, 991, 992, 

999, 1001, 1003. 
chemcial composition of 19: 1081. 
importance of, in Antelope and 

Snake dance 19: 974, 975, 976. 
made with one blow of pestle 32: 

399. 
sacred to divinities 29: 43. 
used in Navaho house dedication 

17: 504, 505. 
See also Meal; Prayer Meal. 
Corn Mother 

a fetish 47: 277. 
composition of 47: 277. 
Com Mound, symbolic 17: 740. 
Corn Mountain. See To'wa Yal'- 

lanne. 
Com People 

All Colors corn group 47: 272. 
officials of 47: 272. 
Corn Planting. ,S'(e Paliiliikonti 
Corn-planting Songs 39: 196-205. 
Corn Pollen 

in Hopi ceremony 17: 628. 
See also Pollen. 
Com Silk, u.se of 44: 318. 
Com Smut 

nuMition of 33: 62. 
use (if, in medicine 30: 61. 
Corn Woman, declaration of 32: 64t). 
Cornaceae 33: 107. 
Cornbury, Lord, instructions to 18: 

589. 
Corncobs 

appearance of, in Hopi pictures 2 1 : 

118. 
Cherokee use of, in smother-firing 

20: 56. 
found in small buildings 33: 165. 
in Cherokee myth 19: 436, 441. 
Corncrib, community 42: 444. 



Cornelius, Rev. Elias 

account of Etowah Mound, cited 

12: 293. 
on The Suck 19: 464 sq. 
statement by, referred to 12: 298. 
Cornells, on Cherokee reception of 

Prophet's doctrine 19: 89. 
Corner of Baskets, treatment of 41 : 
265, 268, 269, 277, 278, 281, 336 
sq., 347. 
Corner Stones of Tusayan kivas 8: 

119. 
Cornfield, imitation of, in Hopi festi- 
vals 21: 40, 42, 46, 47. 
Cornflowers, appearance of, in Hopi 

pictures 21: 119. 
Cornstalks 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 95, 98. 
in Cipaulovi Antelope dance 16: 

283. 
in Hopi Snake dance 16: 284, 305. 
in Oraibi ki.si 16: 297. 
Cornus, medicinal use of 42: 660. 
Cornus Amomum 33: 107. 
Cornus Alternifolia 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
use of 44: 288, .360, 376. 
Cornus Asperifolia 33: 108. 
Cornus Canadensis, use of 44: 

288, 307, 321; 45: 458. 
Cornus NuttaUii 45:461,496. 
Cornus Pubescens 45: 472, 475, 

490, 495, 499. 
Cornus Bugosa, use of 44: 288, 377. 
Cornus Stolonifera 
mention of 33: 108. 
use of 44: 288, 360, 369. 
Cornwall School, education of Chero- 
kee at 19: 108. 
Cornwallis, attempt to in\ ade North 
Carolina and Virginia by 19: 56 
sq. 
Cornwallis Indians, mention of 41: 

144. 
Corona Borealis 22, ii: 234. 
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de 
accompanied Mendoza to Me.\ico 

14: 376. 
appointment of 14: 402. 
at Cibola 19: 650. 
at Zuni 47: 23. 
cause of illness of 14: 531,5.38,579. 



258 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de — 

Continued 
commission of, as governor of New 

Galicia 14: 351. 
conquest of Cibola by 13:326. 
departure of, for Quivira 14: 395, 

577. 
departure of, from Compostela 14: 

478. 
departure of, from Culiacan 14: 

552. 
end of career of 14: 402. 
escorts Friar Marcos to Culiacan 

14: 355. 
explorations by 17: 53 sqq. 
letter written by, to survivors of 

Narvaez's expedition 14: 507, 

590. 
marriage and history of 14: 379, 

474. 
on Indian dependence on buffalo 

14: 980. 
on location of Tucano 19: 599. 
on Pecos 29: 475. 
on Quivira 29: 565. 
petition from, to Mendoza 14: 

596. 
quells revolt of miners at Amatepeque 

14: 380. 
regrets of, for failure of expedition 



by, for investigation of per- 
sonnel of force 14: 377. 

return of, to Mexico 14: 401. 

return of, to Mexico with Friar 
Marcos 14: 362, 381. 

route of 17: 530. 

rumors of appointment of, as gov- 
ernor 14: 380. 

separation of, from main army 14: 
508. 

trick attempted on 19: 194. 

Tutahaco visited by 14: 492. 

wounded at Cibola 14: 388, 483, 
557, 565, 573. 
Coronado Expedition 

mention of 13: 296; 19: 598. 

memoir on 14: h, Liv, 329-613. 

reference to 28: 65. 

route of 26: 26. 
Coronation Gulf, Eskimo 46: 230. 
Coronel, Hon. A. F. 

cited 10: 72. 



Coronel, Hon. A. P. — Continued 

collection of herders' notched sticks of 
4: 81, 82. 

ethnologic collection of 10: 71. 

on pictographs 4: 35, 36. 

on Serrano land-marks 4: 182. 
Corporations 

among Omahas 3: 218, 342, 355, 
367. 

dancing societies 3: 330, 342, 355. 

feasting societies 3: 342. 

in savagery 15: ex, cxv. 

organization of 20: Lxv sg., lxxii. 

jnirposes of 20: lxxii-lxxviii. 
Corporeal Gestures, general consid- 
eration of 1 : 270, 273. 
Corpse 

a source of disease 42: 511, 651 sq. 

belief concerning 42: 702. 

clothed in best clothing 35: 708. 

kicked by the mother 35: 708. 

left unburied 42: 393, 394. 

painting of 38: §831,833,855,860, 
864. 

preparation of, for burial, Winnebago 
37: 146, 149. 

used in ceremonial dances 35: 1008 

See also Burials 
Corpse-froni-a-Scafifold, a Cheyenne 

division 14: 1026. 
Corral, Ramon, acknowledgments to 

17: XLiv, 12, 14, 20. 
Corrals 

described in detail 8: 214-217. 
Hawikuh 8: 81. 
how constructed 8: 146. 
Ketchipauan 8: 81. 
modern at Kiakima 8: 85. 
Payupki 8: 59. 
Sichumovi 8: 62 sq. 
Correo, Francisco, town chief at 

Oraibi 47: 354. 
Correo, Jose Nacio, town chief at 

Orailii 47: 3.54. 
Correspondence of the Bureau of 
American Ethnology 25: xix, 
xxiv; 26: xvi, xvii; 39: 10; 
41: 6 sq., 27, 56, 80, 86. 
Correspondents 

foreign, on sign language 1: 407. 
of the Bureau of American Ethnology 
13: XXV. 
Corsican funeral custom 1: 1.47 



bonnerjea) 



SUBJECT INDEX 



259 



Cortes (Cortes; Cortez), Hernando 
arguments of, before the Council for 

the Indies 14: 371. 
cited 12: 671. 
declares Friar Marcos' report to be 

a lie 14: 367. 
defeat of Narvaez by 14: 346. 
efforts of, to populate New Spain 

14: 373. 
expedition under Ulloa to head of 

Gulf of California 14: 369. 
feats of 14: 450. 
figure in Conquest Play 25: 248. 
importation of cattle by 14: 374. 
in Mexico 25: 231, 243, 244, 248, 

274. 
instructions to 18: 539. 
Marcjuis del Valle de Oxitipar 14: 

350. 
mention of 1:209; 42:41. 
name Nueva Espana given by 14: 

403. 
probably mistaken reference to, in 

Ramusio 14: 556. 
rivalry of, with Guzman 14: 475. 
settlement at Santa Cruz 14: 351. 
trial for murder of wife 14: 473. 
troubles of, with Mendoza 14: 368, 

409. 
Cortesian Codez 

cahan s\'mbol in 16: 254. 

cauac day symbol in 16: 259. 

chuen symbol in 16: 241. 

cimi symbol in 16: 231. 

cited 19: 817. 

discussion of symbols in 16: 256, 

261. 
eb symbol in 16: 243. 
ix symbol in 16: 248. 
kan symbol in 16: 229. 
mention of 3: 7, 8, 9, 25, 26, 31, 

34, 35, 36, 41, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64. 
muluc symbol in 16: 237. 
oc symbol in 16: 239. 
phonetic element of symbols in 16: 

239. 
references to 22, i: 252, 253. 
Cortez, Don Jose 
cited 7: 54. 

cited as to Tontos 28: 217. 
on Colorado River tribes 28: 209. 
on Seri Indians 17: 83 sq. 
Corwin, R. G., commissioner for Cher- 
okee boundary 5: 365. 



"Corwin," S. S. (United States reve- 
nue steamer) . 

cruises of 46: 29. 

expeditions by E. W. Nelson on 18: 
20 sg. 

mention of 46: 177, 205, 221. 
Corwine, B. W., killed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
Corylus, use of 44: 340. 
Corylus Americana 

mention of 33: 74. 

use of 44: 289, 307, 338, 369, 377. 
Corylus Californica 45: 491, 501. 
Corylus Bostrata, use of 44: 289, 

377. 
Cosa, Juan de la, map of 26: 77. 
Cosi'spa. See Easi'spa. 
Cosmit Reserve, establishment of 

18: SS4. 
Cosmogonic Myths 

of the Cherokee 19: 239-261. 

See alKO Sacred Myths. 
Cosmogony 

of the Dakota 11: 4.38. 

oftheHopi 16: 302 .s?.; 17:647, 
666, 732. 

oftheMuyscas 16:220. 

of the Sia 11: 26, 143. 
Cosmography, Tewa 29: 41 sq. 
C osmological Beliefs (oi- Ideas) 37: 

163; 47: 487 sq. 
Cosmology 

explained by Smohalla 14: 720. 

mention of 33: 299. 

not simple but composite 21: 136. 

of the Arapaho 14: 959, 983. 

of the Caddo 14: 1093. 

of the Cherokee 14:971. 

of the Columbia River tribes 
722. 

of the Iroquois 21:127-339. 

of the Menomini 14: 20. 

of the Paiute 14: 1050. 

of the Tlingit 26: 451-460. 

of the Zuni 13: 370, 379, 388. 
Cosmos, The, beliefs concerning 

477-481. 
Cosna 46: 126. 
Cosninos 4: 30. 
Costa Bica 

Anastasia .\lfaro donates gold oi 
ments from 10: xxii. 

character of pottery of 20: 20. 

establishment of 17: 109. 

origin of name of 6: 35. 



14: 



42: 



260 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Costano Dialects, Latham's, opinions 

concerning 7: 92. 
Costanoan Family 7: 70, 71. 
Costanoan Stock 

games of the 24: 
liand game 283. 
hoop and pole 472. 
stick games 248. 

tribes of the 24: 
Rumsen 283, 472. 
Saklan 248. 
Costans6, Father Miguel 

extract from diary of 44: 41-44. 

reference to diary of 44: 36. 
Coste, De Soto's visit to 19: 200. 
CosteUo, John, killed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
Costumes 

ceremonial, of Tusayan 15: 26.5, 
270, 275, 277, 278, 281, 282, 283, 
287, 295. 

for Sword-swallowing dance 47: 
115. 

in ceremonial 11: 106, 122, 133. 

in religious ceremonies 15: 267. 

of dancers 47: 100-105, 303, .304, 
305, 314, 318, 324. 

of Fire society members 47: 114. 

of medicine-men 47: 113, 118. 

of the Algonquian Indians 15: 44. 

of the Eskimo 1 1 : 208. 

of the Ghost dancers 14: 788, 814, 
916. 

of the Louisiana Indian women 13: 
32, 33. 

of the Nenenot 1 1 : 289. 

of the Sia 11: 22. 

of warriors 46: 548, 553 sq. 

of women 47: 870 sg. 

of Zuni katcinas 47: 857, 869- 
872, 908, 919, 923, 931, 935, 936, 
946, 958, 962, 967, 969, 986, 988, 
990, 991, 993, 996, 1002, 1006, 
1007, 1009, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014, 
1016, 1017, 1018, 1020, 1021, 1023, 
1024, 1026, 1028, 1031, 10.32, 1035, 
1036, 1040, 1041, 1048, 1051, 1055, 
1056, 1057, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1070, 
1071, 1073, 1074, 1075, 1076, 1077, 
1078, 1080, 1082, 1085, 1086. 

representation of, on effigy vases, 
Middle Mississippi Valley group 
20: 57. 

worn at Bull's dance 46: .562. 



Costumes — Continued 

worn at Fox dance 46: 561. 
worn at Soldiers' dance 46: 563. 
Sec also Antelope Priests; Cloth- 
ing; Dress; Ghost Shirts. 
Costumes, Weapons and Orna- 
nients (distinctive), pictographs 
of 10: 749-756. 
Costumery in Tusayan ceremony 16: 

282, 284, 288, 292, 294. 
Cosumne {<ir Cosumni), ball race of 

the 24: 609 sq. 
Coteea'kun. See Kotai'aqan. 
Coto, description of 21: 89. 
Cotokinunwii 

derivation of 21: 124. 
description of 21: 120. 
statuette of, at Oraibi Flute altar 
19: 993. 
Cotoname 
linguistic material, work on 29: 

13, 14. 
vocabulary, collected by Doctor 
Gatschet 7: 68. 
Cotonne, synonym of Kutenai 14: 

731. 
Cotoplanenee land cessions and reser- 
vations 18: 782. 
Cottage Home Group of Ruins, 

mention of 41: 496. 
Cottman, George S. 

information furnished by 24: 342, 

344. 
on game of bullet 24: 343. 
Cotton 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 43, 59, 65, 70, 90, 
92, 99, 102, 105, 106, 122. 
apron 38: § 548. 
at Acoma, Coronado's account of 

14: 560. 
Casa Grande, references to 28: 

148, 156. 
cloth at Tusayan 14: 489. 
cords and bands 38: § 39-44. 
cultivation of, by Guiana Indians 

30: 77 sg.; 38: § 246. 
cultivation of, by the Hopi 17: 

590, 629. 
cultivation of, by the Tusayan 8: 

33. 
cultivation of, on Rio Grande 14: 

575. 
fabrics in Verde ruins 17: 573. 



StTBJECT INDEX 



261 



Cotton — Continued 

found at Cibola bv Coronado 14: 

558. 
garments of the Hopi 17:599. 
haramoclts 38: § 460, 462, 466-476. 
loopwork on a frame 38: § 56. 
plaits of, source of 30: 337. 
products of, traded by the Pima 

26: 94. 
raised by the Pima 26: 29, 148 isqq. 
sails 38: § 797. 
scale lines 38: § 38. 
shawls of Lower Mississippi 13: 25. 
substitute for 33: 65. 
twine 38: §33-37. 
use of, by the Pueblo Indians 14: 

569. 
used in ceremonies 30: 92, 340. 
woven in pueblos, native 3: 375. 
Cotton Cloth 

Eskimo clothing made of 18: 32. 
Eskimo hunting bag made of 18: 
167. 
Cotton Gin, grant to Cherokee of 

19: 85. 
Cotton Gin Port 
mention of 42: 827. 
road from 42: 826. 
Cotton Plant, u.«es of 26: 77. 
Cotton States and International 
Exposition, exhibit at 17: lviii. 
Cottonai, synonym of Kutenai 14: 

731. 
Cotton's Ranch 

same as Pueblo Ganado 19: 604. 
site of old Wukopakabi 19:614. 
Cottontail, account of 26: 82. 
Cottonwood 

coronet worn in Snake dance 16: 

306. 
in basketry 26: 134. 
in Paiute Ghost song 14: 1055. 
leaves in Tusayan ceremony 16: 

282, 283, 292, 294. 
medicinal use of 42: 660. 
mention of 33: 72. 
mystic character of 33: 57. 
narrow-leaf, used in ceremonial 30: 

97. 
not used in Cipaulovi Snake dance 

16: 284. 
Pima food plant 26: 69. 
sacred character of 14: 968. 
use of, by Indians 14: 967. 
used for framework of Ki 26: 154. 



Cottonwood Canyon, Utah 
archeological work in 49: 13 sg. 
collection from 41: 19 
Coualina, comets sent by 30: 259. 
Couches of the Omaha 13: 275. 
Coudreau, H. A., cited 30: 152, 165, 

254, 285, 289, 309 sg., 329, 355, 375. 
Coues, Dr. Elliott 

citing Grace's Diary on Yavapai 

26: 200. 
death of 21: xxxviii. 
on bird carvings from mounds 2: 

148. 
on dependence of fur traders on wild 

rice 19: 1101 sg. 
on dependence of Northwest Fur 

Company on wild rice 19: 1103. 
on description of wild rice plant 19: 

1026. 
on early range of horses 16: 174. 
on "Fols Avoins Sauteurs" 19: 

1042. 
on influence of wild rice on geographic 

nomenclature 19: 1122, 1123, 

1124. 
on Kinnikinie 15: 172. 
on Kino's route 17: 60. 
on massacre at Caborka 17: 77. 
on popular synonym for wild rice 

19: 1023, 1024. ^ 
on time of year when Dakota con- 
sume wild rice 19: 1087. 
on wild rice in North Dakota 19: 

1031. 
reference to translation of Diario 

19: 599. 
search of, for documents in the Pue- 
blos 21: X, XXII. 
work by, cited 28: 57. 
work of 26: 28. 
Cougar 

invoked in medicine 30: 59. 

myths concerning 11: 39, 154. 

range of the 2 : 142. 

Society of the 11: 118. 

special connection of, with man 27: 

512. 
Coughs 

and colds prevalent at rising of 

Great Bear 38: § 937. 
treatment of 42: 660 s?., 667,668. 
See also 'Whooping Cough. 
Coulanges, Fustel de, description of 

the "Ancient City" by 19: XLi. 



262 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Coulter, Doctor, Pima vocabulary by 

7: 98; 26: 269 sq. 
Coulter, John M., on wild rice in 

Texas 19: 1032. 
Coulter, P. r., inclosure on land of 

12: 468. 
Council 

description of 46: 436-440, 446 .599. 
forming new government 42: 330. 
Indian, at Huron village 1: 251. 
Isleta, members of 47: 250 sq. 
manner of conducting 42: 536 sq. 
matters decided by 47: 478. 
of priests 47: 478. 
of the Tsimshian 31: 433. 
Omaha tribal 3: 361. 
.See also Councils. 
Council Bluffs, treaty of 27: 622. 
Council Fire 

covering and uncovering of 32: 541. 

description of 42: 536. 

Council for the Indies, investigation 

of charges against Cabeza de 

Vacaby 14: 349. 

Council, General, of the Confederacy 

42: 310, 320. 
Council, Governing Tribal 
modern form 27: 635. 
on armual buffalo hunt 27: 276, 
277 sq., 280, 302 S99. 
Council Lodge 

diagram of 46: 437. 
order of entering 37: 163. 
seating arrangements in 37: 164 
sq. 
Council of Seven Chiefs. 
atWatha'wa 27: 497-500. 
authority as to keepers 27: 595. 
general account of 27: 206-212. 
gens represented in 27: 172. 
origin of 27: 74. 
part in anointing Sacred Pole 27: 

230-233. 
part in buffalo hunt 27: 276, 280, 

281, 283, 423, 425. 

punishment of offenders 27: 213. 

references to 27: 196, 203, 236. 

use of kinship terms in 27: 314. 

Council of the Gods, niglit ceremonies 

of 23: 241-249. 
Council of the Gods and Rain- 
makers 23: 144. 
Council of the Gods and Sha'lako 
23: 129. 



Council, World 

chief chosen for all peoples 32:332- 

341. 
held at Broken Land 32: 325. 
invitation to attend 32:336. 
Councils 

customs connected with 45: 154 sg. 

discussion of 46: 451. 

held for all important undertakings 

37: 163. 
not permanent 45: 263. 
of war 45: 188. 
tribal, composition of 43: 462. 
uses of pipes in 20: 44. 
See also Clan Council; Council; 
Town Council. 
Counter-charms to Indian "medi- 
cine" 9: 4.59 .sg. 
Counterirritants 38: § 926. 
Counting 

among the Osage 17: 260. 
analogy of, between animals and 

tribesmen 19: 833 sqq. 
and number systems, primitive 19: 

833-843. 
by fingers 42: 454. 
decimal system of 42: 453. 
Eskimo methods of 18: 236 sq. 
manner of 44: 246. 
mention of 42: 453-456. 
of blankets 35: 1055. 
system of 45: 148; 46: 418 sqq. 
Counting Game of Sauk and Foxes 

24: 234. 
Counting Sticks of the Cree 24: 230. 
Coup, counting of 46: 560. 
Courage, medicine for 30: 85, 158. 
Couria Drink 38: § 261. 
Courois, built mounds for dwelling 

sites 12: 653. 
Court, Indian 

among the Menomini 14: 34. 
establishment of, among the Kiowa 
17: 220. 
Courting 

flowers used in 30: 64. 

medicine used by Winnebago in 

37: 263. 
methods of 30: 313 sq. 
See also Courtship; Love. 
Courting Game. See Matrimonial 

Game. 
Courtois Group of mounds 5: 15. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



263 



Courts 

Cherokee, narrownng of jurisdiction 
of 19: 156. 

Chiikubi 8: 59. 

East Cherokee 19: 166. 

Hawikuh 8: 81. 

in ancinet Verde ruins 13: 196. 

Ketehipauan 8: 81. 

Kin-tiel 8: 92. 

Kwaituki 8: 56. 

Mashongiiavi 8: 68. 

Matsaki 8: 86. 

Mishiptonga 8: 52. 

Pecado 8: 95. 

Shumopavi 8: 74. 

Shupaulovi 8: 71. 

Sichumovi 8: 62. 

Taaaivalana 8: 90. 

Walpi' 8: 63. 

Zuni 8: 98. 

See aho Plaza. 
Courtship 

account of 27: 318-324, 361. 

among Fox Indians 40: 309. 

among the Eskimo 11: 188. 

among the Omaha 3 : 259. 

Assiniboin customs of 46: 510 sq. 

See also Courting; Love. 
Couscou Drink 38: § 268. 
Cousins, George, Evifaula chief 42: 

322. 
Cousins, marriage of 30: 201, 318; 

31: 412; 38: §874. 
Coussa. See Coosa. 
Coussapoa Latifolia, for red pigment 

38: § 2S. 
Cousschate. See Koasati. 
Coutanie, a synonym of Kutenai 

14: 731. 
Couteau, a name for the Thompson 

Indians 45: 447. 
Coutts, Capt. Cave J., on the Pima 

26: 31. 
Couvade 

customs resembhng 42: 359 sq. 

description of 30: 320-324. 

mention of 3: 263; 38: § 907. 

traces of, among the TsLmshian 31: 
530. 

See also Pregnancy. 
Couvillon, N. A., mounds on land of 

44: 410 sq. 
Covens, Jean, maps published by 
17: 63 sq. 



Cover Basketry 38: § 449. 
Covered 

]5assages and gateways, description 

of 8: 180 sqq. 
way, manner of development of 
8: 76. 
Coverings, head 38: § 518. 
Covers 

to burial vases. South Appalachian 

group 20: 133, 136 sq. 
to smoke-holes of Eskimo houses 
18: 246, 251. 
Coville, F. V. 

acknowledgments to 14: 655; 30: 

38. 
on identification of ancient food re- 
mains 17: 741 s?. 
Covington, La., bowl made by the 

Choctaws at 20: 102. 
Cow 

appearance of head of, in pictures of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 113. 
m Cherokee myth 19: 265. 
See also Bison; Buffalo. 
Cow-ant in Cherokee lore 19:309. 
Cow Creek 

Seminole Indian settlement 5: 477, 

478. 
treaty of 18: 790. 
Cow Dance, mention of 42: 534. 
Cow-fly, string figure of 38: §640-642. 
"Cow-hide Purchase," myth of 

42: 76. 
Cow Horn Game, mention of 47: 

240. 
Cow Katcina 

introduction of, among the Hopi 

21: 17. 
See also Wakac. 
Cow-keeper, an Oconee chief 42: 

449. 
Cow Parsnip 

mention of 33: 107. 
use of 45: 457, 482, 504. 
See also Heracleum Lanatum. 
Cowabbe. See Little Prince. 
Cowassawdays 

bean festival of 42: 568 
See also Koasati. 
Cowe, description of Cherokee Council 

House at 5: 87. 
Co wee 

burning of, in 1783 19: 61. 
legends of 19: 375-378, 496. 
trail to 42; 773. 



264 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Cowejo, name applied to Wovoka 

14: 765. 
Cowell, — . See Robinson Episode. 
Coweta 

allocation of clans in beds at 

42: 201, 204. 
and Kasihta medicine divided by 

42: 546. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 228, 229, 274, 275. 
attempted explanation of the name 

42: 73. 
belief of, concerning busk 42: 546. 
busk name of 42: 614. 
busk of, description of 42: 586-589, 

604 sq. 
busk of, held with Eufaula 42: 568. 
ceremonial title of 42 : 307. 
claims of, to ownership of land 

42: 338. 
clan councils of 42: 126. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and heni- 

has 42: 193 sq. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 

42: 161. 
distinguished from the Kasihta 

42: 38. 
friendship of, with Tukabahchee 

42: 66, 67, 68 sq. 
leadership of 42: 308 sq. 
legendary associations of 42: 53. 
legendary origin of 42: 50, 53. 
legendary origin of the name 42: 54. 
Lower Creek Red town 42: 126, 

255. 
Lower Creek towns controlled Ijy 

42: 323. 
medicine of, buried under fire 

42: 545. 
medicine taken at 42: 608. 
Muskogee element represented by 

42: 40. 
mythic history of 42: 55-63. 
one of four leading towns 42: 548. 
origin of position as head war town 

42: 55. 
originally united with Kasihta 42: 

261. 
place of general assembly 42: 311. 
position of beds at 42: 199. 
primacy of 42: 327, 328. 
relations of, with Chickasaw 44: 

176. 



Coweta — Continued 

right of, to dispose of the countrv 

42: 309. 
selection of chief of 42: 284 sq. 
separation of, from Kasihta 42: 

546. 
town emblem of 42: 243. 
union of, with Tukabahchee 42: 68. 
war of, with Cherokee 42: 54. 
Coweta and Tukabahchee, friend- 

.ship between 42: 66, 67. 
Cowie, Isaac, material collected by 

24: 734. 
Cowlitz Tribe 

basketry of 41: 133, 142, 182, 354, 

355, 356, 357. 
caps worn by 41: 354. 
dialect of, like Upper Chehalis 41: 

383. 
membership of, in Shaker church 

14: 759. 
mention of 41: 136. 
rims of baskets of 41 : 142. 
Cowrie SheUs, use of 44: 148. 
Cowskin Creek, treaty of 18: 744. 
Cowslip. See Caltha Palustris. 
Cox, John T., commissioner to ap- 
praise neutral lands 5: 351. 
Cox, P. E. 

burials found by 41: 574. 
excavations made by 41 : 605. 
work done by 42: 3. 
Cox, Ross 

on hand game, Chinook 24: 282. 
on cremation, Tolkotin 1 : 144. 
Cox, William, stone graves on old 

place of 12: 140. 
Coxe, D., on Turtle River 14: 1029. 
Coxe, William, quoted on Indian 

magic powder 9: 548. 
Coyattee, treaty of 19: 63 sq. 
Coyetie land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 782. 
Coyote 

fetish of the Zuni 2: 26. 
in Pima legend 28: 44. 
in Salish myth 14: 205. 
myths concerning 11: 147; 19: 

467, 468. 
Serian, Piman, and Yuman names 

for 17: 342* sq. 
stories about the 43: 383-387. 
the culture hero 45; 176, 290. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



265 



Coyote — Continued 

the culture hero, basketry taught 

by 41: 223. 
■See also Isauu. 
Coyote, among the Pima. 
disease caused by 26: 263. 
in mythology 26: 209, 210, 213, 
214, 216 sqq., 226, 230-237, 240, 
248, 249, 386 sq. 
in rehgion 26: 251, 252. 
in song 26: 288, 304, 305, 312, 

316 sq., 336. 
in tales 26: 243-246, 249, 250. 
See also White People. 
Coyote and Chickens, a Papago 

game 24: 794. 
Coyote Clan. .See Hopiny(i; Isautl 

Clan 
Coyote Kiva, direction of the 8: 116. 
Coyote Men, duties of the 14: 985. 
Coyote, Old, .story about 43: 363 

sqq., 377-.381. 
Coyote People, settlement in Tu.sayan 

of the 8: 26. 
Coyote Spring, location of 21: 84. 
"Coyote Track" design in Pima 

Ijasketry 26: 137. 
Coyote Woman, Old, story aliout 

43: 377-.381. 
Coyotero Apache 

dispo.sal of land claimed by tlie 

18: 922. 
inhumation of the 1: 111,112. 
population of the 7: 56. 
Tewa names for the 29: 547. 
See also Apache. 
Coytmore, Lieutenant — , murder of 

19: 42 sq. 
Cozad, Belo, acknowledgments to 

14: 655. 
CozcaquauhtU day symbol, discussion 

of 16: 252. 
Cozzens, — , work by, cited 28: 62, 66. 
Cpatimiti, assistant war chief 47: 

45. 
Cqaque'. See Skagway. 
Crab 

name of Tlingit gaming stick 

26: 444. 
place of, in Seri dietary 17: 195*. 
representation of, Florida pottery 

20: 127. 
search for 38: § 220. 



Crab — Continued 

search for, according to po.sition of 
Pleiades 38: § 937. 

string figure of 38: § 642. 

Sec also Crabs. 
Crab Baskets, character of 30: 316sg. 
Crab-dog 38: § 717. 
Crab Orchard, Ky. 

route to 42: 793, 796. 

skirmish at, in 1794 19: 74, 78. 

western terminus of the Wilderness 
Road 42: 800. 
Crabapples 

and water, price of 35: 762. 

brittle 35: 594. 

feast of 35: 762. 

in oil 35: 594. 

mashed, mixed with salal-l^erry cakes 
35: 594. 

mashed, steamed 35: 594. 

mention of 33: 86. 

picking of 35: 213. 

preserved in water 35: 286. 

wild, medicinal use of 42: 659. 
Crabs 

as weather charms 35: 620, 625, 
628. 

capture of 30: 316. 

dogs named for 30: 307. 

Eskimo method of catching 18: 
183. 

legends concerning 30: 316 .sg., 380. 

See also Crab. 
Cracca Virginiana, medicinal use 

of 42: 658. 
Cradle Board 

description of 27: 327. 

Lsleta 47: 218. 

use of, by the Assiniboin 46: 
519 sq. 

See also Baby Board; Baby Car- 
riers. 
Cradle Songs 42: 362 sq. 
Cradles 

deposited in caves 35: 672, 692 sq. 

figurine representing 20: 40, 41. 

Fox Indian use of 40: 319. 

mourning, illustration of 1: 181. 

of the Kiowa 17: 154. 

of the Kwakiutl 35: 658-665. 

of the Mandan 15: 241. 

of the Menomini 14: 258. 

of the Omaha 13: 275. 



266 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Cradles — Continued 

of theSeri 17: 226*, 227*. 
textile, description of 13: 18. 
Craft, Father — 

at battle of Wounded Knee 14: 

872. 
regard of Indians for 14: 874. 
wounded at Wounded Knee 14: 
878. 
Crafts, restrictions on 30: 292, 302 

sqq. 
Crafty, sign for 1 : 303. 
Craig, J., survey l)y 18: 727. 
Crall, I. S., works on land of, Pennsyl- 
vania 12: 494. 
Cram, T. J., on influence of wild rice on 
geographic nomenclature 19: 
1120. 
Cramped Hand 

cited on beliefs 11: 366. 
exhibition of sliamanism liy 1 1 : 
417. 
Cramps, how treated by the Zuiii 30: 

63. 
Cranberry 

chemical composition of 19: 1081. 
use of 44: 291, 307,321. 
Cranberry Bush, use of 45:487. 
Crandall, C. S., on introduction of 
wild rice into Colorado 19: 1029. 
Crane 
figure carried at Makauri dance 38: 

§ 842, 843. 
in Tlingit mythology 26:434. 
legends concerning 30: 135, 335 sg., 

338. 
myths concerning 19: 290 sq., 325, 

445, 455. 
.See also Cranes. 
Crane Clan 

with the Patun clan 19: 595. 
.See also Atoko Clan. 
Crane Dance, mention of 42: 523, 

534. 
Cranes 

circling of, in Eskimo legeml 18: 

480. 
in the Pueblo region 14: 521. 
story about 43: 359 sqq. 
Crania 

americana (Morton) 46: 231. 
Blackfoot, work done on 44: 5. 
Eskimo, paper on 44: 5. 
from Chaco Canyon 44: 10. 



C rania — Cont inued 

from Elden Pueblo 44: 18. 

found in caves of Cuba 34: 247 sq. 

human, from Pueblo ruins, collection 

of 22, i: 34, 110, 134. 
.Siksika 44: 5. 
.See also Skulls; Trephining. 
Cranial Capacity 

of Western Eskimo 46: 255, 258. 
of Yukon Eskimo 46: 163. 
of Yukon Indians 46: 152, 153, 
154. 
Cranial Index 

in children, Eskimo 46: 298. 
module. Western Eskimo 46: 255, 
256, 258. 
Crank, James A., on Apache Canyon 

29: 480. 
Crantz, David 

cited 6: 412, 580, 590; 46: 330, 

333, 367. 
on condition of Greenland widows 

9: 414. 
on Eskimo bows 9: 199. 
on Eskimo burial 9: 426, 427. 
on Eskimo harpoons 9: 222, 243. 
on Eskimo saws 9: 174. 
on Eskimo umiaks 9: 337, 338. 
on Eskimo fishing 9: 284. 
on fire-making by Eskimo 9: 290. 
on mode of carrying Eskimo infants 

9: 416. 
on scratching among Eskimo 9: 

491. 
on seal catching by Greenlanders 9: 

256. 
on whale catching by Greenlanders 

9: 275, 276. 
quoted on Eskimo amulets 9: 437- 

440. 
work of, consulted 9: 21. 
Crataegus, use of 44: 289, 307, 321, 

356, 377. 
Crataegus Chrysocarpa 33: 87. 
Crataegus Columbiana 45:487,497. 
Crataegus Douglasii 45: 457, 486. 
Craven, Governor — , defeat of Yamassee 

by 19: 33. 
Craveri, — , on Mexican stone chipping 

13: 139. 
Crawfish 

a life symbol 36: 116. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 239, 
308, 425. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



267 



Crawfish Gens 36: 116. 
Crawford, — 

on East Cherokee desire for reruo\al 

19: 165. 
on numbers of East Cherokee 19: 
168. 
Crawford County, Wis., mounds in 

5: 14, 17, IS, 20 
Crazy Bear, Chief 
account of 46: 401. 
made head chief 46: 431. 
speech of 46: 597 sgg. 
Crazy Dance 

description of 14: 988. 
of the Arapaho 14: 1033. 
reference to 43: 193. 
Crazy Horse 

a Dakota chief 15: 190. 
maker of hoops for hoop and pole, 
Oglala Dakota 24: 507. 
Crazy Horses, a Kiowa military 

order 17: 230. 
Crazy Men, an Arapaho order 14: 

988. 
Crazy Snake, headquarters of 42: 

251. 
Creasers for boot soles used by Eskimo 

18: 108. 
Creation 

myths 11: 32, 338, 438, 506, 513, 

519. 
of man, plants and animals 30: 

141-148. 
signification of, in development of 

religion 21: 138. 
song of 33: 296, 313, 317, 625, 

627, 629, 634. 
story of 33: 300, 302. 
Creation Legends 

of the Antilleans 25: 72 sgg. 
of the Pima 28: 44, 49, 61. 
Creation Lodge, meaning of 37: 

481. 
Creation Myths 
analysis of 32 : 54. 
in Pebble Society ritual 27: 570 

mention of 42 : 487 sq. 

of the Eskimo 18: 425 sgq., 452- 

462, 482, 483. 
of the Osage 27: 63. 
of the Zuiii 13: lix, 321-447. 
Pima, abstract 26: 247 sg. 
Pima, text 26: 206-230. 
95719° — 33 18 



Creation Myths — Continued 

Pima, version by young native 26: 

237 sq. 
rites connected with 27: 177 sq., 

195. 
reference to 27: 171 sq. 
.study of 18: XLiv. 
teachings of 32: 62. 
Creation Songs of the Pima 26: 

272 sq. 
Creative Corporations, purposes of 

20: i,xxiii. 
Creator 

Assiniboin conception of 46: 486. 
beliefs concerning 45: 289. 
.S'ee also God. 
Credentials, exchange of 38: § 815. 
Credit among the Indians 46: 459. 
Credit and Trust 38: § 820. 
Cree 

absence of Ghost dance among the 

14: 817. 
culture hero of the 40:375. 
exploit marks of the 10: 440. 
Flathead name for 45: 302. 
games of the 24: 

dice games 68 sg. 

double ball 648, 652 sq. 

European games 791. 

hand game 270, 273, 316. 

hidden ball 342. 

racket 573. 

ring and pin 528, 535 sq. 

snow-snake 403 sq. 

stick games 230. 

tops 734. 
jugglery among the 14: 141 sg?. 
name of, in sign language 45: 147. 
name of the Cheyenne 14: 1023. 
northern relatives of the 11: 267. 
notice of death given by the 10: 

518. 
population of the 7: 49. 
relations of, with the Saulteaux 19: 

1040. 
Tenskwatawa religion among the 

14: 679. 
trilial sign for the 1 : 466. 
Cree Language 

cluster si in 28: 234. 
conjunctive mode in 28: 272. 
consonantic clusters in 28: 231, 

283. 
description of 28: 238-247. 



268 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Cree Language — Continued 

examples from Horden 28: 248. 
examples in comparison with 28: 
Abnaki 279, 283, 284. 
Algonkin 250,251,252,260,261, 

262, 265, 267, 272. 
Cheyenne 233, 286. 
Delaware 250, 251, 256, 259, 260 
sq., 265, 267, 269, 273, 274, 275, 

278, 279, 284, 286. 
Eastern Algonquian 257, 269. 
Fox 235, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 

252, 256, 258, 259, 260 sq., 265, 
267, 269, 273, 274, 275, 278, 279, 
284, 286. 

Kickapoo 248, 259, 267. 

Malecite 274, 279, 284. 

Menomini 249, 250, 251, 252, 259, 

261, 262, 267, 271, 273, 279, 283, 
284, 288. 

Micmac 256, 272, 284, 288. 

Minsi 274. 

Montagnais 247, 248, 259, 261, 

267, 272, 278, 279, 286. 
Natick 250, 251, 265, 273, 274, 

275,279,281,284,286. 
Ojibwa 249, 250, 251, 252, 256, 
257, 258, 261, 262, 263, 265, 267, 

268, 269, 271, 272, 274, 275, 278, 

279, 283, 284, 286. 

Ottawa 248, 250, 251, 261, 262, 

267. 
Passamaquoddy 267, 283, 284, 

286. 
Penobscot 267, 269, 283, 284. 
Peoria 250, 251, 252, 256, 261, 

262, 265, 267, 269, 272, 274, 
275, 278, 279, 283, 284, 288. 

Potawatomi 262. 

Sauk 248, 259, 267, 271, 288. 

Scaticook 279. 

Shawnee 251, 252, 256, 257, 258, 
261, 262, 265, 267, 268, 269, 271, 
272, 274, 278, 279, 283, 284, 286. 

Stockbridge 284, 290. 
independent mode In 28: 247, 248, 

258, 268. 
indicative mode in 28: 273. 
relationship of 28: 232. 
subjunctive mode in 28: 247, 248, 

260, 265, 269, 271. 
iSee also Cree-Montagnais; East 

Main Cree; Fort Totten Cree; 

Moose Cree; Rupert's House 

Cree. 



Cree-Montagnais Language 

examples in comparison with 28: 
Algonkin 259. 
Delaware 273, 277, 280. 
Eastern Algonquian 286, 287, 288. 
Kickapoo 259. 
Menomini 259, 273, 277, 278. 
Micmac 273. 
Natick 259, 280. 
Ojibwa 259, 260, 273, 277, 280, 

287. 
Ottawa 259. 
Passamaquoddy 277. 
Peoria 259. 
Potawatomi 259. 
Sauk 259. 
Shawnee 259, 287. 
independent mode in 28:259. 
relationships of 28: 244, 250, 252, 

288, 289, 290a. 
suppositive mode in 28: 273. 
See also Cree; Montagnais. 
Creek-American War of 1813, towns 

refusing aid in 42: 323. 
Creek and Cherokee Boundary, 

disputes 5: 266. 
Creek and Seminole 

"Hallelujah" of the 1: 195. 
inhumation of the 1: 95, 96. 
Creek, Choctaw and Cherokee, box 

burial of tlie 1: 155. 
Creek Confederacy 

bulletin on history of 42: 31. 
divisions of 42: 315. 
eflfect of, on bulk of people 42: 321. 
effect on, of Civil War 42: 330,331. 
evolution of 42: 259-275. 
general council of 42:310-320. 
increase in power of 42: 323 sq. 
protection given by, to component 

tribes 42: 46. 
time of foundation of 42: 310. 
Creek Confederation, paper on 44: 

173. 
Creek Culture, intrusive character of 

42: 718, 726. 
Creek Culture Area, features of 42: 



'15 



sq. 



Creek Indians 

alliance of, with Apalachicola 42: 

39. 
bulletin on 41: 7, 31. 
ceremonial ground of 42: 687. 
condition of, in 1845 42: 332 sq. 



bonneejea) 



SUBJ.ECT INDEX 



269 



Creek Indians — Continued 

connection of, with Florida pottery 

20: 115. 
connection of, with Gulf Coast 

pottery 20: 105. 
connection of, with South Appala- 
chian pottery 20: 131 sq., 139, 

142, 143. 
customs of 42: 702, 703, 707. 
customs of , in general 42: 358-470. 
customs of, summary of 42: 713- 

717. 
divisions of 42: 68. 
dwellings of 42: 687, 688. 
extreme cruelty of 42: 418. 
facial painting among 42: 686. 
feather cloaks worn by 42: 682. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

560 sq., 633-636, 639, 658, 660 

sqq., 670, 678, 688, 702, 708, 714, 

720, 734, 746 sqq., 778, 816, 840, 

862, 918, 930. 
leggings worn by 42: 682. 
location of 42: 51. 
marriage customs of, affected by 

clans 42: 166 sq. 
meetkig of, with the whites 42 : 75 

sqq. 
memoir on, by Dr. J. R. Swanton 

36: 13. 
occupation of South Appalachian 

province by 20: 130. 
origin of the name 42: 48. 
papers on 40: 17; 42: 17. 
power of Shawano prophet among 

14: 676. 
predecessors of 42: 51. 
preparation of paper on 43 : 6 sq. 
property, customs concerning 42: 

334-3"38. 
proportion of warriors to population 

14: 33. 
prostitution among 42: 697. 
puberty customs of 42: 698. 
publications on the subject of 45: 

1 sq. 
rank of tribes of 42: 50. 
social divisions among 42: 695. 
Tecumtha among 14: 687. 
town arrangement of 41: 501. 
town square of 41: 511-514. 
Upper and Lower, traditional meeting 

of 42: 68. 
war, customs concerning 42: 405- 

443. 



Creek Indians — Continued 
war of 14: 677. 

war of, with the Chickasaw 42: 51. 
war of, with the Seminole 42: 51. 
widows, customs concerning 42: 

334-337. 
writers on 42: 679. 
.See also Creeks. 
Creek Language, study of 13: XL. 
Creek Path 

Cherokee attack on settlement on 

19: 383 sq. 
withdrawal of Creeks to neighbor- 
hood of 19: 383. 
Creek War 

beginning of 19: 87 sqq. 
Cherokee loss by 19: 97, 98. 
Cherokee part in 19: 89, 97, 164, 
Cherokee remembrance of 19: 232. 
pensions to Cherokee veterans of 

19: 123. 
Creeks 
among the Cherokee 19: 142 sq. 
amounts of wild rice harvested by 

19: 1076. 
attitude of, during Civil War 19: 

148, 149. 
attitude of, during the Revolution 

19: 55, 59 sq., 62-66, 70, 72, 73. 

74, 77. 
attitude of, in 1794, 1795 19: 78, 

80. 
blood of, among the Cherokee 19: 

234. 
boundary between Cherokee and 

19: 62. 
cane-splint fire among 19: 429- 

439. 
Cherokee relations with 19: 14,15, 

22, 33, 38, 62, 89, 142, 372, 382- 

385. 
chiefs of 19: 209 sq., 216 sq. 
Choctaw relations with 19: 390. 
conjuring by 19: 502. 
friendly, part taken by, in Creek 

War 19: 90-95. 
genesis legend of 19: 229. 
hoop and pole game of the 24: 422, 

487. 
in Texas, union of, with Cherokee 

19: 143. 
massacre at Fort Mims by 19:216. 
myths of 19: 430 sqq., 434, 4.36, 

447, 450, 452-455, 463, 467, 473, 

470. 



270 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Creeks — Continued 

mythology of the 24: 606. 

Natchez among 19: 386. 

paper on, by J. R. Swanton 47: 2. 

peace town of 19: 207 sq. 

peace treaties with, in 1796 19: 

67 sq., 81. 
population and habitat of the 7: 

95. 
probable origin of Cherokee myths 

among 19: 235. 
removal of, to the west 19: 141. 
sacred medicine of 17: 242. 
sacred square of 19: 502. 
sketch of 19: 498. 
songs of 19: 504. 
standard of life of 19:1079. 
Taskigi among 19: 388 sq. 
treaty signed by, in 1835 17: 169sg. 
treaty with Virginia and North 

Carolina by 19: 63. 
See also Creek Indians; Muskogee. 
Creeks and Rivers, named from wild 

rice 19: 1118-1124 
Creel 

cage basket for fish 38: §204-206. 
manufacture and patterns of 38: 

§421. 
string figures of 38: §673, 674, 
677. 
Creepers, ice, used by the Eskimo 

18: 215 sq. 
Cremation 

among Bonaks 1: 144. 

among Cocopa and Yuma 41: 61, 

among Eskimo 9: 426. 

among Indians of Clear Lake 1: 

147. 
among Indians of southern Utah 

1: 149. 
among Maricopa 26: 45, 202. 
among mound builders 12: 609, 

675, 676. 
among Nishinams 1: 144. 
among Pima 26: 46, 52, 53, 194, 

202. 
among Pueblo Indians 14: 518. 
among Pueblo Viejo inhabitants 

19: XV. 
among Se-D^l 1: 147, 148. 
among Tlingit 26: 430. 
among Tolkotins 1; 144, 146. 



Cremation — Continued 

among Yuman and Piman tribes 

13: 366. 
anticjuity of 1 : 143. 
formerly practiced by the Zuni 13: 

336. 
furnace 1: 149. 
in Pima mythology 26: 229. 
mound, Florida 1: 148, 149. 
not practiced at Sikyatki 17: 649. 
object of 30: 160. 
partial 1: 150, 151. 
practiced by Pueblo Indians of 

Pueblo Viejo 22, i: 175 sq. 
practiced by the Shawano 14: 674. 
prevalence of 26: 25 sq. 
prevalence of, in olden times 31: 

564. 
See also Mortuary Customs. 
Cremony, Col. John C. 

on Apache chungke stone 13: 99. 
on hoop and pole, Mescalero Apache 

24: 449 sq. 
on lawlessness in Tucson 26: 58. 
on running races, Mescalero Apache 

24: 803 sq. 
on Yuma-Pima battle 26: 47. 
Creoles, raquette formerly played by 

24: 605. 
Creosote Bush 

gum from 26: 106, 131, 172. 

in Pima mythology 26: 206, 207, 

247. 
Pima medicinal plant 26: 79. 
Crepy, — 

on Patoqua 29: 398. 
on San Crist6bal 29: 486. 
on San Juan 29: 213. 
on San Marcos 29: 551. 
on Santa Clara 29: 242. 
Crescent, Mo., flint-capped area near 

44: 533 sq. 
Crescent 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 75, 78, 80, 82, 98, 
99. 
-shaped figures, on articles from 
ruined pueblos, forms and varia- 
tions 22, i: 89 sq. 
-shaped vessel, Middle Mississippi 
group 20: 94. 
Crescentic Implements. See Knives. 



BONNEKJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



271 



Cresollius 

procedure of gestures 1: 282. 
value of gestures 1 : 280. 
Crespi, Father Juan 

Burton Mound village described by 

42: 8. 
extract from diary of 44: 36-41. 
Cresson, H. T. 

remains of fish-weirs found by 13: 

15. 
review of work of 16: xxvi. 
work of 15: lxxviii. 
Crest Box 35: 1354. 
Crests 

distribution of 31: 521. 
of the Tsimshian 31:503-506. 
Crests, Tlingit 

connection with phratry relationship 

26: 423. 
descriptive Ust of 26: 415-420. 
in potlatch dances 26: 435 sq. 
source of names of 26: 421, 422. 
transposition of phratries shown by 

26: 423. 
used to restore order 26: 449. 
See also names of several crests. 
Crevaux, J. 

cited 30: 118, 140, 149, 155, 157, 
160, 163, 237, 242, 243, 254, 267, 
274, 278, 290, 294, 297, 298, 301, 
304, 308, 309, 310, 311, 313, 314, 
315, 322, 328, 332, 339, 340, 346, 
347, 350, 352, 353, 363, 366, 381. 
on medicine-men 30: 340. 
Crickets 

in Iroquoian cosmology 21: 311. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 269, 

309, 401, 504. 
story about 43: 383-387. 
Criley, John, petroglyphs reported by 

10: 77. 
Crime 

the Menomini 14: 34. 
the Zuni 47: 479. 
atonement for, at busk 42: 595 

sq. 
beliefs concerning 46: 479-483. 
Eskimos 46: 94. 
how avenged by the Assiniboin 15: 

224, 225. 
in savagery 15: cxiv. 
Indian conception of 46: 483. 
property settlement for 47: 479. 



Crime — Continued 

punishment for 46: 448, 452, 455; 

47: 252. 
punishment of, among the Hidatsa 

15: 242, 243. 
punishment of, among the Iowa 

15: 2.39. 
Wyandot laws for 1 : 66, 67. 
See also Morals; Retaliation. 
Crime and Punishment 

among the Chickasaw 44: 216-220. 
mention of 42: 338-358. 
Crimped Coil on pottery 4: 279, 

280, 282. 
Crippled Child, destruction of 38: 

§729. 
Cripples, Ijeliefs regarding 35: 696. 
Crispellae 9: 541. 
Criss, Mrs. — , flint quarries on land 

of, Ohio 12: 457. 
"Croatan" Indians 

mixture of Indian, negro and white 

blood 33: 17. 
name repudiated by Indians 33: 
17. 
Crochet Work 38: § 49, 50. 
Crockett, Major — , expedition of, 

against the Indians 42: 771. 
Crockett, David 

denounces policy toward Cherokee 

5: 288. 
opposition to removal project by 
19: 129. 
Crocodile-like Mythical Animal, 

of the Eskimo 18: 444 sq. 
Croffut, Mrs. W. A., acknowledgment 

to 42: 33. 
Croghan, George 

on early Dakota habitat 15: 190. 
Osage mentioned by 15: 192. 
Cronau, Doctor — 

archeological objects figured by 25: 

64, 136, 213. 
diary of Columbus republished by 

25: 203. 
on Haitian mask 25: 210. 
Crook, Gen. George 

designation for 4: 146. 

on Indian arrow chipping 13: 140. 

on rapidity of arrow chipping 13: 

142. 
Ponka commissioner 15: 192. 
Sioux commissioner 14: 839. 
Sioux regard for 14: 826. 



272 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



TeTH. ANN. 48 



Crook, W. J., mound on farm of, 

Arkansas 12: 228. 
Crook, appearance of, in pictures of 
Hopi katcinas 21: 60, 68, 72, 86. 
Crooked Island, number of specimens 

from 34: 50. 
Crooked Mountain 

in Pima mythology 26: 211, 212. 
in Pima song 26: 297, 322, 337. 
Crooks 

at Walpi Snake dance 19: 982 sq. 
in possession of Bear Clan 37: 202, 

203. 
in Tusayan ritual 17: 703. 
on Sikyatki pottery 17: 703 sq., 
714, 724. 
Crops 

thanksgiving for 23: 205-217. 
See also Harvest. 
Cross 

figure allied to Sun symbol 17: 623. 
ideographic 4: 345. 
in pictography 4: 252. 
on Sikyatki pottery 17: 702. 
pictographs, symlx)ls and significa- 
tion of the 10: 724-735. 
place of the, in Indian symbolism 

9: 479 sq. 
raised by Corocado in Quivira 

14: 591. 
sign of, among Pueblo Indians 

14: 518. 
sign of, in Shaker religion 14: 748, 

761. 
symbol in the codices 16: 232, 

259. 
symboUsm of the 14: 1011. 
use of , in Indian ceremonials 7: 155. 
veneration for, among Indians 14: 

544, 548, 555. 
See also Crosses; Crucifix. 
Cross-bars used in fastening wooden 

doors 8: 183. 
Cross Cords, used on kaiaks 18: 228. 
Cross-cousin Marriage 40: 376, 

377. 
Cross Design 

associated with others 2: 270. 
combined with spider design 2: 288. 
engraved on shell gorgets 2: 268. 
evolution or derivation of the 

2: 270. 
examples of the, combined with 
birds 2: 282, 283. 



Cross Design — Continued 

examples of the, from mounds 

2: 271, 273. 
in Aztec paintings 2 : 285. 
in Navaho silver ornamentation 

2: 178. 
introduction of the Christian 2: 

269. 
occurrence of the, in ancient Mexican 

art 2: 270. 
occurrence of the, in Yucatan 

2: 270. 
origin of the, among mound builders 

2: 269. 
prehistoric use of the, in America 

2: 268, 270. 
symbolic character of the 2: 269. 
Cross, Equal-armed. See Equal- 
armed Cross. 
Cross, Foliated 
at Palenque (Central America), value 

of face numerals on 22, i: 219. 
initial series of, inscriptions of 

19: 800. 
Tablet of the 19: 733-761,765-771. 
Cross Man, Tlingit spirit 26: 467. 
Cross Village Chippewa, reservation 

for 18: SIO. 
Crosse. See Lacrosse. 
Crossed Quadrilateral Pattern 
basketry pattern 38: § 429. 
weaving 38: § 111. 
Croesed-stick Game of the Navaho 

24: 92 sq. 
Crosses 
appearance of, as decorations of 

Tcakwaina yuadta 21: 63. 
decorative use of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 65, 67, 111. 
interpretation of 41: 316 8?. 
symbolism of 20: 100. 
use of, in decoration, eastern United 

States pottery 20: 67. 
use of, in decoration, Gulf Coast 

stamped ware 20: 108, 109. 
use of, in decoration. Middle Missis- 
sippi Valley jxittery 20: 86. 
use of, in decoration. Northwestern 

pottery 20: 192. 
use of, in decoration, South Appala- 
chian stamped ware 20: 134, 

136 sq., 140. 
See also Cross; Crucifix. 
Crossjacket Village 46: 126. 



BOKNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



273 



Crosspieces of ladders 8: 159. 
Crosswell, C, description of shell 

pirgots by 2: 286. 
Crotches of harpoon in Eskimo uniial-c 

9: 341 sqq. 
Croton, u.se of, in medicine 30: 4.5. 
Croton Texensis 33: 99. 
Croup, remedy for 42: 656. 
Grouse, C. W., agent for Pima 

26: 34. 
Crow 

derivation of taime from 17: 240. 
games of the 24: 

archery 383, 391, 529. 
buzz 756. 
dice games 177 sq. 
hand-and-foot ball 705, 707. 
hand games 317. 
hoop and pole 428 sq., 502. 
running races 807 sq. 
shinny 615, 637. 
snow-snake 415. 
tops 745. 
habitat of the 7: 114, 116. 
Kiowa acquirement of language 

of 17: 156. 
Kiowa aUiance with 17:153,155. 
Kiowa medicine lance obtained from 

17: 325. 
Kiowa trade with 17: 271. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 
786, 848, 862, 864, 870, 874, 876, 
880, 882, 884, 898, 900, 902, 904, 
906, 908, 924 sqq., 942. 
mention of 4: 103, 104, 105, 107, 
114, 115, 118, 120, 121, 122, 123, 
124, 126, 127, 130, 132, 134, 135, 
136, 138, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 
146. 
population of 7: 118. 
separation from Hidatsa of 17: 154, 

155. 
smallpox among 17: 275. 
treaty council with 17: 183. 
tribal offshoots from 17:158. 
wars and friendships of 17: 166. 
See also Crow Indians. 
"Crow, The" 

description of 27: 441-446. 
references to 27: 279, 282. 
Crow Bonnet. See Gaa-Bohon. 
Crow Creek, control of Indians at 
14: 849. 



Crow Creek Reserve 

changes in 18: 878, 896, 918, 934. 
establishment of 18: 828. 
Crow Dance 

description of 14: 921; 42: 533 

sq.; 46: 564. 
organization of 14: 901. 
Crow Dog 

flight of, to Bad Lands 14: 884. 
Ghost dance led by 14: 847. 
removal of, advice of 14: 844. 
surrender of 14: 868. 
Crow Feathers 

appearance of, in Hopi kateinas 

21: 69. 
importance of 42: 436. 
Indians defrauded with 14: 999. 
sacred regard for 14: 1034. 
use of, as war feathers 42: 496. 
See also Crows. 
Crow Foot, killed in Sitting Bull fight 

14: 858 sq. 
Crow Indians 

absence of Ghost dance among the 

14: 816. 
account of medicine-men of the 

14: 706. 
account of the 15: 198. 
ampatation practiced by the 46: 

427. 
an HidatsB division 15: 164. 
arrows of the 14: 279. 
beliefs of the 11: 436, 505, 518. 
Black Hill formerly occupied bv the 

15: 190. 
changes in life of the 45: 346. 
collections from the 13: xxxi. 
crime among the 46 : 454. 
distinctive mark of the 4: 231. 
dress of the 46: 587, 588. 
Flathead name for the 45 : 302. 
hostihty of the 14: 707. 
lodge burial of the 1: 153. 
mode of painting among the 4: 54. 
mourning among the 1 : 183, 184. 
name of, in sign language 45: 148. 
name of the Arapaho by the 14: 

953, 1013. 
population of the 15: 195. 
scouts in Nez Perc6 war 14: 714. 
scouts in Sioux outbreak 14: 850, 

881. 
Shoshoni country taken by 45:318. 
Sioux early warfare 14: 1059. 



274 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. i 



Crow Indians — Continued 

symbolic representation of the 14: 

789. 
treatment by the, of captives 46: 

551, 552. 
tribal designation of the 10: 380. 
visit of, to Washington 34: 28. 
wars of, with Coeur d'Alene 45: 

126 sqq. 
western movement of 45: 316,318. 
See also Absaroka; Crow. 
Crow-Neck. Sec Gaa-k'odalte. 
Crow Songs 39: 127 sqq., 182-185, 

316; 45: 621 sqq. 
Crow Town, building of 19: 54. 
Crow Woman, name applied to Mo'ki 

14: 1038. 
Crownbeard, use of, in medicine 30: 

Crown Feather 38: §519-526. 
Crowns, Feather 

l)est()\ved on warriors 42: 420. 

description of 42: 420. 

mention of 42: 435. 
Crows 

appeal to, for aid 39: 295. 

as helper of men, Omaha, Ponca 
27: 445 sq. 

badge 39: 127. 

buffalo hunters guided by 39: 183. 

carvings of 2: 136. 

Cherokee name for 19: 282. 

connection of, with warfare 27: 
441, 442. 

in Cherokee myth 19: 283, 314 sq. 

in Menomini myth 14: 195, 233. 

in Omaha mythology 27: 175. 

in Pima flood legend 28: 52. 

in Pueblo region 14: 521. 

mystic power of 39: 296. 

name of TUngit gaming stick 26 : 444. 

Navaho myth concerning 8: 281. 

Omaha name for 27: 103. 

personification of 14: 1001, 1035, 
1038, 1068. 

Ponca name for 27: 103. 

prominent in tribal rites 39: 182. 

reference to 27: 204. 

reference to, in Ghost religion 14: 
978, 984, 994, 997, 1031. 

representation of, in Iroquoian pipes 
20: 174. 

sacred regard for the 14: 919, 982, 
1072. 



C ro ws — Continued 

story about 43: 375 sqq. 

symbolism of the 14: 823, 1072. 

why black, myth of 31: 67 sq. 

See also Crow Feathers. 
Crucibles of Navaho silversmiths 

2: 173. 
Crucifix 

used in Shaker ceremonies 14: 755. 

See also Cross; Crosses. 
Crucifixion Thorn 26: 134,157. 
CruelDancers 35: 1158 sg. 
Cruz, Bahia de la, explored by Nar- 

vaez 14: 346. 
Cruzati, Do7i Domingo Jironza Pe- 
triz de 

reference to 28: 54. 

visit to Awatubi of 8: 49. 
Cryder, Frank, mound on land of, Ohio 

12: 471. 
Cryptocarya pretiosa, for fever and 

dysentery 38: § 927. 
Cryptochiton 

baked 35: 508. 

preparation of 35: 506. 
Crystal gazing 47:110,285,340. 
Crystal River, archeological sites at 

48: 3. 
Crystals 

extracted from sick man 30: 379. 

quartz, use of 44: 92 sq. 

used as charms 30: 290 s?., 332. 

iSee also Stones, Green. 
Cuabajai, reference to 28: 217. 
Cuame Indians, reference to 

518. 
Cuanrabi, mentioned by Onate 

599. 
Cuatro, game of, Tarahumare 

Cuba 

archeological collections from 

18. 
archeological reconnaissances in 

XIV sq., XXVI. 
archeological remains of 34: 240- 

256. 
field work in 21: IX, x. 
geological change in 25: 219. 
irrigation in 25: 51. 
juegos de bola 25: 79. 
natives of, described by early writers 

34: 243 sq. 
number of specimens from 34: 49. 



29 



17 



24 



25: 



25: 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



275 



C uba — Continued 

prehistoric culture of 34: 242 sqq. 

stages of culture in 34: 240, 242, 
247, 253 sq., 255. 

visit of Dr. J. W. Fewkes in 25: 17. 

western, destitute of pottery 34: 
60. 

writers on archeologj- of 34: 241, 
245. 
Cubans 

aboriginal art of 25: 142. 

cave dwellers 25: 41. 

description of cacique 25: 35. 

fishing of 25: 49. 

houses of 25: 46, 47. 

language of 25:77,78. 

ph3-sical characteristics of 25: 28- 
31. 

pictography of 25: 148. 

primitive culture of 25: 178 sq. 

relationship of, with Borinqueiios 
25: 26. 

skeletal remains of 25: 29, 30. 

slavery among 25: 25. 

use of tobacco among 25: 64. 
Cubarro 

plum, eaten 38: § 247. 

plum, for flutes 38: § 559. 
Cubas, Antonio G., on Cochiti 29: 

439. 
Cubero, Pedro Rodriguez, mention of 

47: 28. 
Cuch, meaning of 16:247. 
Cuchan 

population of the 7: 138. 

reference to the 28: 217. 
Cuchpach, meaning of 16: 250,201. 
Cuchuans 

musical instruments of 26: 167. 

See also Yuma. 
Cuculcan (or Cuculkan). Sec Quet- 

zalcoatl. 
Cucumbers 

Menomini fondness for 14: 73. 

wild, mention of 33: 129. 
Cucumis Melo Linn., Pima food plant 

26: 77. 
Cucumis sp. 45: 492. 
Cucurbita Ficifolia 33: 119. 
Cucurbita Foetidissima 

a life symbol 36: 135. 

a Pima food plant 26: 70, 91. 
Cucurbita Lagenaria 33:117. 



Cucurbita Maxima, use of 44: 289, 

307. 
Cucurbita Moschata Duchesne, 

Pima food plant 26: 71. 
Cucurbita Perennis 
a life symbol 36: 136. 
medicinal use of 27: 585. 
mot of, called the Man Medicine 
36: 70. 
Cucurbitaceae 

mention of 33: 116. 
probable place of origin of 33: 59. 
Cudgel for fish 38: §190. 
Cuernavaca, Mexico, remains at 

26: XIV. 
Cuervo, Jose Tienda de, campaign 

against ,'^eri liy 17: 75. 
Cuervo y Valdes, Francisco, on Galis- 

teo 29: 482. 
Cueva de los Qolondrinos, pottery 

found in 34: 172, 261 sq. 
Cueva Pintada, petroglyph at 10: 

98. 
Cuetzpallin 

day symbol, discussion of 16: 226. 
meaning of 16: 227. 
Cuimnapum, a ChSmna'pCim syn- 
onym 14: 739. 
Cuirana, description of 15: 268. 
Cuirasses, uses of 45: 256,359. 
Cuitoa, a Pima-Papago village 26: 

21. 
Cuitz. See Kutz. 
Cukuw, mention of 44: 35. 
Culbertson Brothers, outlaws, ac- 
count of 14: 889. 
Culebra, island of 25: 26, 30. 
Culee land cessions and reservations 

18: 786. 
Culiacan, San Miguel de 
arrival of Cabeza de Vaca at 14: 

474. 
Coronado entertained at 14: 384. 



Coronado's departure from 

552. 
Coronado's return to 14: 538. 
description of 14: 513. 
foundation of, by Guzman 14: 
mention of 14: 547. 
Culin, Dr. Stewart 

acknowledgments tu 20: 104; 

14. 
contril)utor to Bureau 48: IIS 



14: 



276 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH 



Culin, Dr. Stewart — Continued 
material collected by 24: 53, 85, 
92, 121, 122, 146," 158, 159, 162, 
167, 169, 171, 172, 173, 184, 190, 
198, 212, 222, 223, 224, 225, 230, 
234, 239, 247, 264, 265, 266, 270, 
306, 308, 311, 314, 315, 322, 361, 
373, 382, 398, 408, 418, 419, 425, 
441, 477, 478, 493, 500, 508, 510, 
5r8, 522, 526, 530, 536, 553, 558, 
561, 572, 604, 618, 623, 633, 635, 
636, 641, 642, 644, 646, 647, 652, 
654, 656, 662, 664, 668, 669, 679, 
680, 704, 705, 711, 713, 714, 718, 
720, 722, 727, 729, 731, 732, 733, 
743, 744, 746, 749, 750, 757, 760, 
761, 763, 771, 774, 777, 787, 795, 
797, 800, 801. 
monograph on Indian games by 23: 

XXV. 

obituary of 48: 1221. 

on game of ghing-skoot 26: 175, 176. 

on kicked stick game 29: 530. 

reference to monograph by, on Ameri- 
can Indian games 24: xxi, 
XXXIX sq.. 

study of games by 15: xxx, xxxiv, 

XXXVIII, XLI, XLIV, XLVIII, LIII, 
LXI, LXXXVI. 

work of 25: xx; 26: xxiv; 27: 

9. 
work on Handbook of the Indians by 
24: XXVI. 
Culinary Pottery. See Domestic 

Pottery; Pottery. 
Culleoka, Tenn., derivation of the 

name 42: 851. 
Culpeper County, steatite quarries in 

15: 132. 
Cult 

definition of 11: 361. 
societies among the Sia 11: 69. 
See also Cults. 
Cult Groups 

definition of 47: 879. 
table showing activities of 47: 
880-885. 
Cult of the Halves 19:843-847. 
Cult of the Quarters 19: 845 sq., 

948 sqq. 
Cult Societies 

of the Menomini 14: 66. 
pictographic devices of 10: 528 s??. 



Cultivation of ground regulated by 

the Hanga gens 3: 302. 
Cults 

a study of Siouan 11: 361. 

a study of Siouan, discussion of 11: 

XLlIlf 

esoteric, of the Zuiii 47: 511. 
See also Cult. 
Cultural 

connections, Yukon Indians and 

Eskimo 46: 83. 
subdivisions, study of 42: 717, 

724. 
transmissions from Asia 46: 175. 
Culture 

Acoma, discussion of 47: 140 sq. 

four stages of 20: xci. 

largely dependent on evironment 

25: 21. 
mention of 46: 64, 82, 83. 
of Pueblo tribes, degree of 8: 227. 
processes of 19: xxi-xxv. 
psychic stage of 23: xxii. 
Pueblo, disintegration of 47: 56. 
represented in pottery 4: 436. 
stages of, in aboriginal society 2 1 : 

xxi. 
value of pottery in sipdy of 20: 

18, 19, 20. 
Western Eskimo 46: 363. 
Culture Areas, discussion of 42: 

713-717. 
Culture Centers 

ancient, in the Southwest 28: 157. 

of the West Indies 34: 56, 268. 

Culture Features of southern New 

England tribes 43: 221 sqq. 
Culture Groups 

lack of correlation of stamped ware 

with 20: 122. 
represented by eastern United States 

pottery 20: 20 sqq. 
represented by Ohio Valley pottery 
20: 182 sqq. 
Culture Hero 

basketry taught by 41: 223. 
brother of 40: 376. 
myths concerning 43: 180-189. 
of the Coeur d'Alene 45: 176. 
of the Tewa 29: 164, 165 sq., 169. 
of the Wawenock 43: 177. 
references to 40: 37, 57, 364, 365, 
366, 391. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



277 



Culture Hero — Continued 

relation of, to mortals 40: 57, 375, 

473. 
.See also Wi'sa'ka'*'. 
Culture Stages 

indicated In- Atlantic Coast pottery 

20: 33. 
indicated by Florida pottery 20: 

117, 122. " 
indicated by Lower Mississippi Val- 
ley pottery 20: 102 sq. 
indicated by Middle Mississippi 

Valley pottery 20: 82 sq. 
indicated by Northwestern pottery 

20: 195. 
indicated by Ohio Valley pottery 

20: 186. 
of northern and southern potters 

20: 143. 
of pottery making 20: 84. 
value of decorating motives in de- 
termining 20: 122. 
value of pottery in determining 
20: 22. 
Culture Status of the Indians 15: 

166. 
Culuacan. ,S'ee Culiacan. 
Culver Root 

Cherokee lore concerning 19: 426. 
use of 44: 290. 
(See also Leptandra Virginica. 
Cuma Tree, "milk" for glazing pot- 
tery 38: § 93. 
Cumanche, synonym of Comai^clie 

14: 1043. ' 
Cumanagoto Indians, religious be- 
liefs of 30: 118, 139. 
Cumarawa, dart poison 38: § 120. 
Cumberland and Oreat Lakes Trail 

42 : S02 sqq. 
Cumberland and Ohio Falls Trail 

42: 804. 
Cumberland Gap 

named by Dr. Thomas Walker 

42: 76 1". 
route from, to Crab Orchard 42: 

796. 
route to, from Moccasin Gap 42: 

793. 
trail through 42: 750-779. 
trail to 42: 770, 845. 
Cumberland River 

ancient fortified town on 42: 836. 
discovery of 42: 781. 



Cumberland River — Continued 
mention of 42: 44. 
named by Dr. Thomas Walker 42: 

761, 781. 
remains of fortress on 41: 496. 
trails meeting at 42: 798. 
Cumberland Settlements, raid on 

19: 62-65. 
Cumberland Sound, description of 

settlements of 6: 428-440. 
Cumberland Trace 
remains of 42 : 834. 
route followed by 42: 833 sq. 
Cumberland Valley 

a populous Indian section 42: 806. 
abundance of pottery in 20: 23. 
pottery of 20: 81, 101, 138. 
quality of pottery of 20: 102. 
trail down 42: 834. 
Cumhu symbol in the codices 16: 

228. 
Cumming, Sir Alexander. 

mission of, to Cherokee 19: 35. 
treaty concluded by 18: 629. 
treaty with Cherokee 5: 144, 145. 
Cummings, David, information ob- 
tained from 42: 217, 524, 531, 
550. 
Cummings, Pierce, killed at Wound- 
ed Knee 14: 872. 
Cuna (Panama), method of forming 

numbers 19: 917. 
Cuna, fish poison 38: § 209. 
Cunama Oil 38: § 25. 
Cunas, name for Tule Indians 42: 

10. 
Cunningham, Charles W., petro- 
glyphs reported by 10: 356 sq. 
Cunningham, K. M., bowls in col- 
lection of 20: 112 sq. 
Cunningham, S. P., aboriginal re- 
mains on farm of 44: 527. 
Cunningham Estate, specimens from 

34: 164. 
Cunningham's Island, Lake Erie, 

petroglyphs on 10: 678. 
Cunnington, — , aid rendered bv 17 

13. 
Cuiiopavi, Snake ceremony at 16: 

273, 287 sqq. 
Cuoq, Pcre J. A. 

definitions by, in racket, Mohawk 
24: 592 sq. 



278 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL, REPORTS 



[ETHi 



Cuoq, Pere 3. A. — Continued 

definitions by, in racket, Nipissing 

24: 570. 
interprets the name Hiawatha 2: 

54. 
on dice game, Nipissing 24: 81. 
on hidden ball, Nipissing 24: 344. 
on ring and pin, Nipissing 24: 540. 
reference to work of 40: 2S. 
Cup and Ball Game 

among the Central Eskimo 24: 

546, 547, 548. 
among the Northern Indians 1 1 : 

255, 323. 
among the Winnebago 37: 122. 
comparison of, with ring and pin 

24: 527. 
Cup Plant 

mention of 33: 132. 
use of 44: 293. 

See also Silphium Perfoliatum. 
Cup Sculptures 

classification of 10: 189-192. 
mention of 10: 189-200. 
Cup-shaped Baskets 
coils of 41: 164. 
terms for 41: 397. 
use of 41: 201, 202. 
Cupana 

a Guiana Indian drink 38: § 267. 

for fever and dysentery 38: § 927. 

Cupped Stones, description of 13: 

91. 
Cups 

Apalachee-Ohio pottery 20: 182. 
collection of Indian 3: 545. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 118, 

127. 
from Kintiel, description and figure 

of 22, i: 133. 
from Sikyatki, description of 17: 

654. 
from ruined pueblos on Little Colo- 
rado River 22, i: 

cuts showing 64, 65, 66, 96. 

forms of 65 sq. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20:105,107. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 161. 
Kaolin, from Chaves Pass ruin, cut 

showing 22, i: 96. 
made of ironstone concretions 44: 

93 sq. 
mention of 4: 349. 



Cups — Continued 

Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 87 sqq., 94. 
Northwestern pottery 20: 196. 
of clay, from Walpi 2: 382. 
of the Eskimo 9: 101. 
of the Seri 17: 185* sq. 
or cup-shaped clay vessels from Zufli 

2: 350. 
pecked in rock 16: 138. 
scraper, for dressing skins 9: 299 

sq. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 138. 
See also Dippers; Mugs; Pottery. 
Curare 

a poison 38: § 121, 122, 716. 
antidotes for 38: § 930. 
article of trade 38: § 825. 
nature of 30: 285. 
preparation of 30: 292, 303, 304, 
343. 
Cura'tca, fires lighted by 47: 94 .'tqq. 
Curatella Americana 

for "puddling" fish 38: §207. 
leaves, use of, as sandpaper 38: 
§21. 
Curbinata Fish, stones from 30: 

371. 
Cure for all bodily injuries, Iroquois 

myth 2: 73. 
Curia. See Fraternity. 
Curing 

by exorcism 47: 312 si?, 
by shaman 47: 791 .tq. 
by tricks, symbolism of 47: 532. 
type ceremony of 47: 339 sq. 
See also Curing Ceremonies; Cur- 
ing Societies; Medicine; Sick- 
ness. 
Curing and Drying 
wild rice 19: 1064 sqq. 
wild rice, mechanical means em- 
ployed in 19: 1066. 
wild rice, reasons for 19: 1064. 
Curing ceremonies, description of 
47: 107-111, 116-122, 531 sg., 533. 
Curing Societies 

memtjership in 47: 542. 
See also Medicine Societies. 
Curing Spirit of the Thngit 26: 465. 
Curious Mourning Observances of 

the ancients 1 : 165, 166. 
Curling among the Eskimos 11: 257. 



BONNERJEAJ 



SUBJECT INDEX 



279 



Curr, E. M. 

on Australian counting 19: 877. 
on Australian number concepts 19: 
S33 sq. 
Currahee Dick, establishment of mis- 
sion at instance of 19: 108. 
Currants 

beliefs regarding 35: 575. 
cakes of 35: 275-281, 572. 
custom concerning 35: 616. 
effect of 35: 576. 
mashed, with salal-berries 35: 577. 
mention of 35: 601. 
pieliing of 35: 208. 
raw 35: 575. 

red-flowered, use of 45: 487. 
used for food 30: 70. 
Currants, Black 

belief concerning 45: 509. 
food of bears 45: 514, 515. 
use of 45: 489. 
Currants, Bed, use of 44: 292, 307, 

348, 358. 
Currants, Wild 

found by Coronado 14: 510. 
use of 44: 292, 356. 
Currants, WUd Black 33: 84. 
Currents of Seri waters 17: 45 sqq. 
Currie Brothers, on present sale of 
wild rice to whites in Wisconsin 
19: 1105. 
Currin, B. P.,kaseoflandto 18: 753. 
Curry, Benjamin F., to appraise 
Cherokee improvements 5: 283. 
Cursing, methods of 30: 128, 332. 
Curtains for Mosquitoes 38: §933. 
Curtin, Jeremiah 
acknowledgments to 7: 142. 
Chimarikan researches of 7: 63. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
Co.stanoan researches of 7: 70. 
field notes of, unrevised and un- 
edited 32: 49. 
legends and myths, analysis of 

32: 52. 
linguistic field work of 6: xxxvii, 

XXXVIII. 

material collected by 36: 30. 

Moquelumnan researches of 7: 93. 

myths and tales, conclusions con- 
cerning 32: 53. 

myths given by 19: 359-364, 365- 
370, 473, 489. 

obituary of 48: 1221. 

on double ball, Wiutun 24: 658. | 



Curtin, Jeremiah — Continued 
papers by 39: 24; 40: 17. 
records made by 32 : 48. 
reference to work of 32: 51. 
Seneca material collected by 37: 

11,27. 
work of 5: XXXI, xxxvii; 7: xxx; 
9: xxxvii; 10: xvi sg., xix; 11: 

.XXIX, XX.XIII. 

Yuman researches of 7: 135. 
Curtin, William E., pottery, etc., 
from Peru presented by 8: xxvi. 
Curtis, Doctor — , shell gorgets col- 
lected by 2: 283. 
Curtis, Edward S. 

on Acoma 29: 544. 

on Cochiti 29: 440. 

on Isleta 29: 529. 

on Jemez 29: 402. 

on Laguna 29: 540. 

on San Felipe 29: 499. 

on San Ildefonso 29: 305. 

on San Juan 29: 213. 

on Sandia 29: 526. 

on Santa Clara 29: 242. 

on Santo Domingo 29: 449. 

on Sia 29: 519. 

on Taos 29: 519. 
Curtis, William E. 

on Cochiti 29: 439. 

on Jemez 29: 403. 

on Picuris 29: 193. 

on Pojoaque 29: 335. 

on San Ildefonso 29: 305. 

on Taos 29: 183. 
Curtis Act, effect of 19: 156. 
Curtis Plantation, mound on 44: 

407. 
Curtiss, E., exploration by 1: 115, 

116. 
Curupari. .S'ee Jurupari. 
Curved Forms 4: 375. 
Curved-line Ornament 

alisence of, Northern pottery 20: 
145, 151, 163, 187. 

See also Decoration; Scroll. 
Curved Sticks, use of, by girls in hair- 
dressing 21: 62. 
Curved Stones 25:93,258. 
Curvilinear Incisions in primitive 

trejihining 16: 55. 
Cusabo, mention of 42: 697. 
Cusaboe Indians, grant of land 
to 18: 633. 



280 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNXTAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Cuscuta Paradoxa 33k 110. 
Cushatta 

mention of 19: 499. 

See also Eoasati. 
Cush-eh-tah Clan, separation of, 

from tribe 44: 175. 
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 

account of the life of 21: xxxv- 

XXXVIII. 

acknowledgments to 15: 18; 17: 

20; 24: 29. 
allusion by, to Casa Grande 13: 

297. 
archeologic researches of 21: xiii, 

XVIII. 

cited on Zuni customs 1 1 : 369. 

cited on Zufii drinking tubes 9: 494. 

cited on Zuni Indians 9: 452. 

cited on Zuni water vessels 9: 494. 

collection made by 21: xiv. 

contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 

death of 21: xxxv. 

description of the Zufii by 3: 106. 

excavation at Halona by 8: 88, 193. 

field work of 21: x. 

Halona identified as one of the Seven 

Cities of Cibola by 8: 94. 
head of Hemenway Southwestern 

E.xpedition 28: 119. 
identifies K'iakima as scene of death 

of Estevanico 8: 86. 
illustrations from, showing Pueblo 

use of baskets in molding and 

modeling 20: 69. 
implements for games, made by 24: 

222, 719, 721. 
information furnished by 24: 169, 

799. 
investigations of, in Zufii 23: xlv. 
Kintiel ruin discovered by 22, i: 

124. 
material furnished by 24: 799. 
material identified by 24:427,667. 
mention of 41: 101. 
model of Zufii altar by 19: xlviii. 
myth recorded by 47: 547. 
obituary of 48: 1221. 
office work of 6: xlvi; 20: xn 

sg., XIV. 
on Acus, Totonteac and Marata 

14: 357. 
on affinity of cliff dwellers and 

Pueblos" 17: 632. 
on American Indian games in general 

24: 29, 809. 



Cushing, Frank Hamilton— Contd. 
on archery, Kiowa 24: 388. 
on arrow shaftment ;34: 228. 
on cardinal points in Zuni cere- 
monies 16: 257. 
on ceremonial fire 16: 190. 
on ceremonial renewal of ki vas 1 6 : 

177. 
on cliff ruins 16: 153. 
on depressed structures in Arizona 

13: 245. 
on derivation of "Zuni" 7: 138. 
on development of bow 17: 201 *. 
on dice games, Zuni 24: 47, 77, 

210-217, 221 sq., 223. 
on divinatory origin of Indian games 

24: 34 sq' 
on former occupancy of Kintiel 8: 

92. 
on Galisko 29: 481. 
on hidden ball 24: 44, 374-381. 
on Indian burials 14: 518. 
on Indian fruit preserves 14: 487. 
on influence of environment on art 

20: 159. 
on irrigation. Salt River Valley 

29: 114 sq. 
on kicked-stick game 29: 530. 
on Laguna 29: 335. 
on manufacture of Iroquoian pottery 

20: 161, 163. 
on markings of kiva hatchway 16: 

180. 
on meaning of calumet-tomahawk 

17: 168*. 
on name "Cibola" 26: 24. 
on origin of stamp decoration 20: 

123. 
on ornament of Iroquoian pottery 

20: 163. 
on Pojoaque 29: 335. 
on prehistoric Cubans and Floridians 

25: 216. 
on primitive surgery 16: 71. 
on Pueblo number figures 19: 840. 
on quinary system 19: 850. 
on ring and pin, Zuni 24: 529. 
on Sandia 29: 526. 
on scarred skulls 16: 65. 
on southern origin of Zuni clans 17: 

574. 
on southwestern sun temples 13: 

305. 
on stages of technique 17: 250*. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



281 



Gushing, Frank Hamilton^Contd. 

on stones and crystals from Salt 
River Valley 26: HI. 

on Taos 29: 182. 

on Zuni baptism 26: 187. 

on Zuni cardinal points, colors for 
19: 835. 

on Zuni color symbolism 15: 308. 

on Zvini creation myths 13: Li.x, 
321-447. 

on Zuni esoteric societies 15: 310. 

on Zuni feti.shes 3: 591. 

on Zuni folklore 26: 24. 

on Zuni games 24: 126. 

on Zuni Kaka 15: 265. 

on Zuni marriage customs 17: 
286*. 

on Zurii month names 29: 62. 

on Zuni name for Rio Grande 28: 
101. 

on Zuni netted shield 24: 423. 

on Zuni numeration 19: 838. 

on Zuni sacrifice of dog 15: 303. 

on Zuiii Shalako 15: 296. 

on Zuiii tradition concerning stone- 
close 8: 192. 

on Zuni war-gods 24: 33, 211. 

operations of 13: xxvi, xxix, 

XXXVIII. 

opinion of, concerning distribution 
of T.naai3'alana ruins 8: 89 sq. 

opinion of, concerning western wall 
of Halona 8: 89. 

pottery collected by, Florida Penin- 
sula 20: 126, 127 sq. 

preparation of field catalogue of 
Zuni collection by 3: 517. 

preparation of memoir by 15: XLi. 

pubhcation of memoir of 17: Lvii. 

quarry group arranged by 15: 150. 

references to 28: 46, 70, 71, 112; 
32: 51. 

researches by 16: xx, xxiv, xxviii, 

XXXI, XXXVIl, XXXIX, XLI, XLIV, 

XLix, Lii, Lvi, Lxxv; 28: 72. 

ruins visited by 17: 534. 

steatite quarry excavated by 15: 
107, 117, 132. 

studies of, in American Indian 
symbolism 20: 100. 

study of Indian games by 23: xxv. 

study of Pueblo pottery as illustra- 
tive of Zuiii culture gorwth 4: 
461, 521. 



Gushing, Frank Hamilton — Contd. 
study of religious fraternities and 

cults by 19: xlvii. 
vase restored by 20: 126. 
work of 2: xxvi, 311; 3: xviii, 

xix; 5: xxv, xxiX, xxxiii, xxxv; 

7: xxxi; 8: xxiv, xxv; 14: 

xxxvi, XLiv; 15: xxii, xxiv, 

XXVII, XXX, XXXIV, XXXVIl, XLVI, 
XLVIII, LIII, LVI, LXI, LXIV, LXVI, 

Lxvii, Lxxxvi, xci, c; 17: xlvi 
sqq., Lv; 18: xxvii, xxx xq., 
xxxiv sqq., XLiv; 19: xix; 24: 
xxxix. 
work of, in Florida archeology 20: 

115, 126, 127 sq. 
work of, in Iroquoian archeology 

20: 159. 
work of, in mound exploration 20: 

16. 
work of, reference to 11: xxvii. 
writings of, publication of, on Zuni 

23: XLV. 
Zuni fetishes 2: 145. 
Zuni sand painting described by 
10: 210 sq. 
Cushman, H. B., an .\merican mis- 
sionary, value of writings of 42: 
680. 
Gushna Tribe 7: 99. 
Gusick 

on Iroquoian 19: 189. 
on Iroquois myths 19: 229, 444, 
469, 501. 
Cuskahimfi, ceremonial day of Hopi 

festivals 21: 20. 
Cussetah (Gussetaws; Gussetuh). 

See Kasihta. 
Gussetuh Tus-tun-nug-gee, war- 
rior of the nation 42: 328. 
Cussitaw King, Kasinta chief 

322. 
Custala, ceremonial day of Hopi l 

vals 21: 20. 
Gustard Apple 38: § 247. 
Guster, Gen. G. A. 

campaign against Cheyenne by 

326. 
campaigns against Indians by, in 

1868 17: 145, 187. 
capture of Set-t'ainte by 17: 206. 
Guster Massacre 

and Wounded Knee affair compared 

14: 881. 
reference to 14: 825, 860, 1059. 



42: 



17: 



282 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Custer War 

Cheyenne in the 14: 1025. 
Sioux compensated for losses in 14: 
891. 
Customs in general. See Family 
Organization; Facial Decora- 
tion; Fasting; Feasts; Menstru- 
ation; Puberty; etc.; names of 
ditlcreiit tribes. 
Cut-stone Utensils, description of 

15: 105. 
Cut-with-an-Ax, sign for 1: 550. 
Cutchegun Rock, tradition concern- 
ing 43: 259. 
Cutifachiqui 

of De Soto's chroniclers, supposed 

site of 12: 317. 
visit of De Soto to 5: 135. 
Cutimiti, the head war chief 47:45. 
Cutlass for fish chopping 38: § 190. 
Cutsahnim, a Ya'klma synonym 

14: 737. 
Cuttako, a Kiowa Apache synonym 

17: 245. 
Cuttawa. See Kitu'hwagi; Syn- 
onymy. 
Cutting-board for fish 35: 225, 

249. 
Cutting Fingers 
hair 38: § 516. 
string figures 38: ^ 708 sqq. 
Cutting of Banks 46: 136. 
Cutting Tools 46: 144. 
Cutz. See Kutz. 
Cuya, calabash d r i n Iv i n g cup 38 : 

§ 384. 
Cuyacan, Andres de, Indian ally of 

Coronado 14: 536. 
Cuyahoga County, Ohio, rock carv- 
ing in 4: 21. 
Cuyamunque, collection from 2: 

435. 
Cuzco 

the center of Inca dominion 13: 

325. 
trephined crania from 16: 14,15. 
Cycle, Great. See Great Cycle. 
Cycle in Mayan Chronology 

numerical value of 22, i: 204, 234. 
symbol for, character of 22, i: 222. 



Cycle in Mayan Chronology — Con. 
svmbol for, figures showing 22, i: 
268. 
Cycle of Years 

meaning of term 19: 705. 
symbol for, discovery concerning, by 
Goodman 19: 712. 
Cycles 

Mayan, working table of 19: 819. 
of time among Indians 14: 701. 
Cyclopedia: or a New Universal 
Dictionary of Arts and Sc 



on popular synonT,-m for wild rice 

19: 1022. 
on wild rice planted in England 19: 
1037. 
Cyclopedia of Indian Tribes 

mention of 16: li, LVi, LXix, Lxxii; 

21: XI, XXIII, XXXII. 
progress of work on 22, i: xxxvii. 
work on 18: xi,v sq.; 19: xxviii 

sq.; 30: xxiv. 
See also Synonymy. 
Cylinder 

baskets and similar objects 38: 

§ 422, 437. 
for fish fall traps 38: § 198. 
wooden, for music 38: § 576. 
Cylinders 

found in Pueblo ruins, problematic 

use of 22, i: 96 sq. 
made of clay 34: 235 sq. 
made of shell 34: 163. 
mortuary pottery, Florida Penin- 
sula 20: 124. 
Cynthiana, Ky., trail near 42: 792. 
Cyperaceae 33: 69. 
Cyprea Shells 

used as beads 2: 219. 
used as ornaments 2: 263. 
Cypress Swamps, Florida 5: 527 

sqq. 
Cyprinodon Macularius, Gila fish 

26: 83. 
Cypripedium Hirsutum 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 300. 
use of 44: 289, 342, 348. 
Cypripedium Parvif olium 45 : 506. 
Cytherea Bulbosa 45: 506. 



SXJBJECT INDEX 



283 



^atada Oens 

discussion of the 3: 236-241. 
Xe-da-it'aji subgens 3: 239 sq. 
Xe-da-it'aji subgens, birthnames 3: 

240. 
•Le-da-it'ajl subgens, sections C: 

240. 
Turtle subgens 3: 240 sq. 
Turtle subgens, birthnames 3: 240. 
Turtle subgens, customs during a 

fog 3: 240. 
Turtle subgens, decoration of teuts 

3: 240. 
Turtle subgens, sections 3: 240. 
Turtle subgens, style of wearing the 

hair 3: 240. 
Turtle subgens. Turtle men 3: 240. 
Wajinga fiataji subgens 3: 238 sq. 
Wajinga ((ataji subgens, birthnames 

3: 239. 
Wajinga ^ataji subgens, curious cus- 
toms 3: 238. 
Wajinga jiataji subgens, names 3: 

239. 
Wajinga (iataji subgens, sections and 

sub.sections 3: 239. 
Wajinga 0ataji subgens, style of 

wearing the hair 3: 238. 
Wasabe Hit'aji subgens 3: 236 sqq. 
Wasabe Hit'aji subgens, birthnames 

3: 237. 
Wasabe Hit'aji subgens, mythical 

origin 3: 237. 
Wasabe Hit'aji subgens, style of 

wearing the hair 3: 237. 
Wasabe Hit'aji subgens, taboo 3: 

237. 
fSegiha 

divisions of the 15:161,189. 
fire-making of the 13: 279. 
history of the 15: 191. 
migrations of the 15: 198. 
^egiha-English Dictionary 
manuscript of 29: 23. 
mention of 6: XL\^II. 
pegiha Indians, researches concern- 
ing 11: .xx.xn. 
pegiha Language, work on the, by 

J. Owen Dorsey, discussion of 

2: XX. 
jSegiha Tribes, early migrations of 

3: 211 sqq. 
95719°— 33 19 



Dabchick, myths concerning 1 1 : 496. 
Dablon, Claude 

on duck in Green Bay 19: 1099. 
on nature of Green Bay area as 

Indian habitat 19: 1112. 
on wild rice eaten with grease by 
Maskotin 19: 108.5. 
DabraUb, lamina used in cotton- 
hammock making 38: § 466. 
DabucuriWhip 38: §584,840. 
Dachenhausen, F. W. von 
acknowledgments to 15: 18. 
collections of 15: 12.5. 
Daddy-long-legs Clan 
affiliations of 42: 1'22. 
native names for 42: 116. 
Dagger-type of Club 38: §154. 
Dagger Weed 33: 71. 
Daggers 

of bone of the Eskimo 9: 191 sq. 
.vellow flint, from house circle 41: 

521. 
See also Knives. 
Dagoi, bravery of 17: 303. 
Dagul'ku Geese, myths concerning 

19: 2.54 «/., '284, 439. 
Dagwanoenyent. See Whirlwind 

People. 
Dahcotah, or Life and Legend of the 
Sioux around Fort Snelling, cited 
4: 184, 189, 195, 241. 
Dahcotas 

habitat of the divisions of 7:111. 
See also Dakota. 
Dahlonega, establishment of mint at 

19: 220. 
Dahnhardt, — , myth recorded by 

42: 483. 
Daho, delegate to Washington in 

1872 17: 192, 2.52. 
Dahpike, description of the 11: 503. 
Dai-dai, description of 30: 171, 176. 
Daiha Tree, clothing made from 30: 

216. 
Dainionism of the Sioux Indians 

11: 433, 515. 
Daisofkivas 8:121,122,123. 
Dakamballi Seeds, substitute for 

cassava 38: § 241. 
Dakhnias 1: 104. 
Dakini Indians, treatment of diseases 
by 30: 346. 



284 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Dakini Tree, spirits associated with the 

30: 228, 232. 
Dakota 

a synonym of the Sioux 14: 105". 
albino buffalo sacred among 27: 

284. 
amounts of wild rice harvested by 

19: 1076. 
and Ojibwa warfare 19: 1038-1042 
arrows of the 13:325. 
attacks on Iowa and Omaha by 27: 

beheading by the 17: 160. 
beliefs of the 11: 432. 
calendars of the 17: 142. 
chronology of the 17: 371. 
cults, description of 11: 431. 
curing of wild rice by the 19: 1064, 

1065. 
definition of the 4: 97. 
discovery and occupation of Black 

HiUsby 17: 155,157. 
drowned in flood of Missouri River 

4: 113. 
earliest historic reference to the 19: 

1043. 
explorations in 11: xliii. 
games of the 24: 
archery 394. 
hidden ball 339, 364 sq. 
hoop and pole 412, 517. 
racket 592. 
shufHeboard 728. 
snow-snake 419. 
tops 747. 
geographic location of 14: 826. 
hunting ground of the 27: 89. 
Kiowa first acquaintance with the 

17: 153. 
Kiowa hostility to 17: 156, 157, 

160. 
Kiowa intercourse with 17: 281. 
Kiowa name of the 17: 281. 
last war of, to retain wild rice fields 

19: 1041. 
meal time of the 19:1087. 
myths of the 19: 432. 
name applied by, to Americans 27: 

611. 
non-puricultural character of 14: 

83i 
notched sticks of the 4: 81. 
organization of the 6: 396. 



Dakota — Continued 

peace mission of, to Kiowa 17: 

167. 
peculiar wild rice feast of 19: 1092. 
pictographs of 4:55,60,183. 
picture message of Fort Rice 4: 98. 
pipe-stone quarries of 4: 17. 
planned uprising by the 17: 176. 
population and divisions of the 7: 

116. 
population of, consuming wild rice 

19: 1045, 1047, 1057. 
property right in wild rice 19: 

1073. 
smallpox among the 17: 275, 311. 
societies introduced from 27: 486. 
storing of wild rice by 19: 1072. 
studies of the 3: xxv. 
thrashing of wild rice by, by treading 

and rubbing 19: 1069. 
time symbols of 4: 88. 
time of year when wild rice is con- 
sumed by 19: 1087. 
totems of the 4: 167. 
treaty council with the 17: 183 
treaty of 1868 4: 125. 
tribal and family sense of name 

7: 112. 
tribal history, migrations and settle- 
ment of 19: 1043-1047. 
tube for bleeding used by 13: 127. 
tying of wild rice by 19: 1058. 
use of flints for bleeding by 13: 171. 
visit to Kiowa by 17: 352. 
war with, in 1866 17: 183. 
war with Rees 4: 111. 
wild rice consumed by 19: 1083. 
wild rice gathered by 19: 1061, 

1062. 
wild rice moons of 19:1090. 
Winter Counts 4: 18, 89-127, 168. 
,SVe also Dakota Indians; etc.; 
Sioux. 
Dakota {or Sioux) Indian 

and Mandan hostility 15: 196. 
ball game of the 14: 129. 
Battiste Good's record of 10: 293- 

32S. 
l.urial scaffolds of 10: 518 sq. 
ceremonial colors of 10: 512. 
commemoration of dead by 10: 
523. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



285 



Dakota (or Sioux) Indian — Con. 
composite forms in pictographs nf 

10: 735 sq. 
connection of, with Northwestern 

pottery 20: 1S7. 
conventional devices of, for peace, 

war, chief, counsel, plenty of 

food, famine, starvation, horses, 

horse-stealing, kill and death, shot 

10: 650-661. 
description of the 15: 215. 
devices of, for personal names 10: 

442 sg., 459 sq. 
distinctive dress, ornaments and 

weapons of 10: 751 sqq. 
divisions of the 7: 114; 15: 160. 
drawings of 10: 756. 
dye stuflFs >ised by 10: 220. 
fetishes of 10: 501, 503. 
games of 10: 547. 
gentile designations of 10: 389 sq. 
god Hoakah of 10: 479 sq. 
gods of 10: 32 sq. 
history of the 15: 189. 
ideographic records by 10: 58.5- 

605. 
Information from, regarding Hako 

ceremony among the Pawnees 

22, ii: 13. 
monograph on language of the 

14: XL. 
mounds attributed to 14: 38. 
mourning ceremony of 10: 629. 
mythic records of 10: 290-293. 
notched sticks used by, for recording 

time 10: 227. 
Ojibwa name for 10: 272. 
painted robes of 10: 747. 
pictographs for gesture signs of 10: 

639 sqq. 
pictographs of, connected with 

thunder-bird myth 10: 486. 
pictographs of, relating to customs, 

hunting, war, etc 10: 534-537, 

539 sq. 
poisoned arrows used bv the 14: 

285. 
recent manufacture of pottery by 

20: 195. 
records in general by 10: 576, 

578-581. 
records of expeditions by 10: 552 



of notable events by 10: 
567-570. 



Dakota (or Sioux) Indian — Con. 
sliamanism or medicine-making of 

10: 493 .■iqq. 
significant use of color by various 

tribes of 10: 633 sq. 
social customs of the 15: 221. 
superstitions of, regarding tattoo 

10: 395. 
system of chronology of 10: 265. 
system of ordination of the 15: 177. 
thunder-birds of 10: 483 sqq. 
topographic representation by 10: 

344 sq. 
tribal designations of 10: 383 
war color of 10: 631. 
See also Dakota. 
Dakota, Brule 
games of the 24: 

dice games 179. 

ring and pin 556. 
Dakota, Oglala 
games of the 24: 

archery 383, 391 sq. 

bull-roarer 750. 

buzz 756. 

dice games 179. 

hidden ball 364 sq. 

hoop and pole 421, 430, 431, 433 
sqq., 503-507. 

popgun 759. 

ring and pin 529, 556. 

shinny 637 sq. 

sledding 716. 

snow-snake 415 sq. 

stick games 228 sq. 

tops 733, 745 sq. 
mythology of the 24: 507. 
Dakota, Santee 
games of the 24: 

dice games 180 sq. 

double ball 663. 

hidden ball 365. 

racket 562, 563, 611-614. 
Dakota, Sisseton, dice games of the 

24: 183. 
Dakota, Teton 
games of the 24: 

archery 383, 392. 

bull-roarer 750. 

buzz 757. 

dice games 181. 

hoop and pole 508. 

minor amusements 750 sq. 

popgun 7.59. 

ring and pin 557. 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Dakota, Teton — Continued 
games of the 24 — continued 
stiinny 638 sq. 
shuffleboard 728. 
snow-snake 416 sqq. 
stick games 258. 
sOTng 731. 
tipcat 721. 
tops 746. 
unclassified 783. 
Dakota, Wahpeton, dice games of the 

24: 183. 
Dakota, Yankton 
games of the 24: 
dice games 184. 
hand game 267, 317. 
hoop and pole 431, 508 sqq. 
hidden ball 317 sq. 
minor amusements 716. 
shinny 639 sqq. 
shuffleboard 728 sq. 
snow-snake 418 sq. 
tops 746. 
Dakota, Yanktonai, racket game of 

24: 614. 
Dakota Calendar 

mention of 1: 373, 377, 382, 384. 
tribal signs for 1: 284, 287. 
Dakota County, Nebr., reference 

to 27: 99, 100, 623. 
Dakota Dialects 

words of, found in Osage rituals 

39: 186, 187. 
See aUo Dakota Language. 
Dakota Dictionary, necessity for 

revision of 34: 21. 
Dakota Language 

discussion of work on, by S. R. 

Riggs 2: XXI. 
grammar of the 26: xvni, xxi. 
translation made from Teton dialect 

of 10: XIX. 
work on 10: xix; 11: xxxi. 
Dakota Tribe, data on scalp and war 

dances of 40: 548. 
Dakotan District 

archeology of the 12: 530-540. 
bowlder mosaics of 12: 531,534. 
burial mounds of 12: 538. 
connected mounds of 12: 536. 
effigy mounds of 12: 530, 533. 
elongate mounds of 12: 533, 535. 
limits and characteristics of 12: 



Dakotan District — Continued 

rows of conical mounds in 12: 537. 
Dakwa', myths concerning 19: 307, 

320 sq., 469. 
Dale, L., on use of perforated stones 

13: 98. 
Dale, Sir Thomas, loan of corn to 

Indians by 18: 564. 
Dalgarno, George 

gestures real writing 1: 355. 
works of 1 : 284, 287. 
Dalibanna, Geonoma baculifera, thatch 

38: § 299, 321. 
DaU, Dr. WiUiam H. 

acknowledgments to 9: 20. 

cited 12: 522, 565, 620, 724, 727; 

46: 89, 124, 127, 128, 130, 132, 

133, 1.50, 151, 152, 162, 165, 181, 

216, 218, 219, 221, 232, 233, 234, 

254, 255, 329, 330, 333, 336, 368. 
collection of labrets by 3: 91. 
collection of masks by 3: 128, 142. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 11S9. 
description of Eskimo houses by 

9: 76, 78. 
Eskimo researches of 7: 73. 
ethnological specimens collecterl by 

18: 46, 47, 73, 75, 83, 88, 108, 

121, 147, 148, 155, 158, 182, 211, 

226, 278. 
exploration in Alaska of 46: 29. 
exploration in Aleutian Islands of 

46: 32. 
linguistic literature of 7:21, 22, 24. 
material collected by 24: 740, 793. 
obituary of 48: 1221 
on Asiatic Eskimo 7: 74. 
on burial boxes 1: 156. 
on cave burial 1 : 129. 
on colors used in Alaska 4: 51. 
on customs of Eskimo whale fisliing 

9: 274. 
on Eskimo clothing 9: 125. 
on Eskimo dance 9: 376. 
on Eskimo fire-making 9: 290. 
on Eskimo fishing 9: 286. 
on Eskimo habitat 7: 53. 
on Eskimo labrets 9: 143, 144, 145, 

146, 148, 495. 
on Eskimo masks 9: 370. 
on Eskimo mortuary customs 9: 

424, 425, 427. 
on Eskimo music 9: 389. 
on pjskimo personal habits 9: 421. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



287 



Ball, Dr. WilUam H.— Continued 
on Eskimo seal nets 9: 252. 
on Eskimo sledges 9: 357. 
on Eskimo snowshoes 9: 352. 
on Eskimo umiak 9: 344. 
on masks and labrets 3: 70-201. 
on mound-builders 12: 600. 
on mummies 1: 134. 
on population of Alaskan Eskimo 

7: 75. 
on the conch shell (Pyrula) 2: 143. 
on use of pins 2: 217. 
painted burials described by 46: 64. 
shells identified by 2: 190. 
work of 26: xxiv. 
works consulted 9: 21. 
Dalles of Columbia River, Oregon, 

petroglyphs in the 4: 25. 
Dalles Indian 

a Wasco synonj-m 14: 741. 
games of the 24: 
dice games 158. 
hand game 307. 
Dalottiwa, reference to 40: 295. 
Dalrymple, Doctor — , modern Pa- 
munkey pottery collected by 20: 
152. 
Dalton, Captain — , on Menomini war- 
riors in the Revolution 14: 18. 
Damara, burial of the 1 : 126. 
Dampler, W., description of labrets 

by 3: 83. 
Dams for trapping fish . 38: §202. 
Dan Valley, character of ware of 20: 

149. 
Dana, — , on the divisions of the Sac- 
ramento tribes 7: 99. 
Dana, A. L., vessel collected by 20: 

166. 
Dance, C. D. 

cited 30: 132, 135, 145, 155, 177, 
178, 181, 187, 193, 197, 229, 230, 
232, 233, 236, 251, 260, 261, 262, 
268, 274, 277, 280, 282, 289, 290, 
322, 324, 328, 329, 331, 338, 340, 
341, 343, 345, 346, 354, 356, 357, 
358, 359. 
on child spirits 30: 324 sq. 
Dajice 

Akita 42: 524, 528. 
Alaskan 3: 123, 139. 
Alligator 42: 524, 530. 
Bear 42: 523, 524, 527. 
Beaver 42: 523, 534. 



Dance — Continued 
Bed 42: 524, 529. 
Begging 3: 355; 35: 856. 
Berry, of Northern Indians 14: 728. 
Bird" 35: 876, 877. 
Bimitti 38: § 587. 
Bison 42: 523, 524, 527, 573. 
Blackbird 42: 524, 529. 
Bone 42: 524, 531. 
Buffalo 3: 347. 
Buffalo head-dress 3: 352. 
Buzzard 42: 523, 534. 
Calumet 3: 276-282. 
Catfish 42: 523, 534. 
ceremonial 11: xxviii, 378, 393, 

440, 450, 463, 503, 513, 526. 
ceremonial Hako, before departure 

22, ii: 184. 
ceremony in kiva consecration 8: 

130. 
Chicken 42: 523, 524, 530, 531. 
chief fool 35: 966. 
chief tainess 35: 1148. 
characters of 19: lxxvii sq. 
Chigoe 42: 534. 
Corn 42: 534. 
Cow 42: 534. 
Crane 42: 523, 534. 
Crow 42: 533 sq. 
double-headed 42: 524, 532. 
double-headed serpent 35: 959, 

1085. 
Dog 35: 895. 
dress 3: 344, 348. 
drink, debauchery 38: § 583. 
Duck 42: 523, 524, 529, 530. 
Dumpling 42: 567, 606, 610. 
Eagle 35: 1004. 
false-face 3: 145. 
Feather 42: 586, 607, 609. 
Fire 35: 738, 739. 
Fish 42: 524. 
fool 35: 1374. 
for the dead 1 : 192. 
Fox 42: 523, 524, 528. 
friend's 42: 524, 533. 
friendship, introduced by Pa'th6sk§ 

14: 700. 
Frog 35: 928, 935, 959. 
Garfish 42: 523, 531 sq. 
Ghost 3: 353. 
Great Bear 35: 1086. 
Great, from above 35: 1085. 
Great Fool 35: 1086. 



288 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN 



Dance — Continued 
Green Corn 42: 554. 
Grizzly Bear 3: 349. 
Hair 42: 534. 
Hako 22, ii: 253, 360. 
Hako, of thanks, diagram and po.si- 

tions in 22, ii: 248. 
Hako, performance of 22, ii: 247- 

256, 360. 
Hako, selection of dancers for 22, 

ii: 58. 
Hauyari 38: § 847. 
healing 35: 876, 877, 1148. 
Hejiucka 3: 330. 
Hede-watci 3: 297. 
Hekana 3: 353. 
Heniha 42: 603. 
Hewatci 3: 331. 

Horned-owl 42: 523, 524, 525 sq. 
Horse 3: 348; 42: 523, 524, 530. 
Hox-hok- 35: 1374. 
implements 3: 582. 
in the ceremony of Hasjelti Dailjis 

8: 273 sqq. 
inclosure of the Dreamers 14: 15S, 

159. 
influence of, on development of 

music and drama 19: lxxi, 

LXXX. 

Iroquois 3: 145. 

Kinia 42: 524, 528. 

Land-otter 35: 1034. 

Little Screech-owl 42: 549. 

Long 42: 566, 610. 

Makah Dukwalli 3: 108. 

Make-no-fight 3: 352. 

Makuari 38: § 842, 843. 

Mandan 3: 332, 354. 

morturary, of Northwestern In- 
dians 14: 728. 

Mosquito 35: 1034; 42: .523, 534. 

Mouse 35: 1018. 

myths concerning 19: 254, 274, 
279. 

Nolem 35: 834. 

Nonlem 35: 1034-1037. 

of Arapaho warrior order 14: 987. 

of attendants of chief 35: 767, 773. 

of chief's daughter 35: 754, 759, 
766, 767, 772, 979, 995, 998. 

of chief's relatives 35: 759 sq. 

of Itci yohola 42 : 566, 567. 

of Saint John, account of 14: 935. 

of princess 35: 1026, 1049 sq. 



Dance — Continued 

of the Dervishes 14: 950. 

of the spirits 42: 629. 

of women 35: 723. 

Okadjibandja 42: 524, 533. 

Old 42: 602,606,610. 

Old Men's 42: 523, 524, 534, 556. 

ornaments 3: 344. 

Padanka 3: 353. 

painting for 3: 348, 350. 

Parishara 38: § 586-590. 

Parroquet 42: 524. 

pictographs 4: 194-197. 

potlatch 35: 898. 

Pumpkin 42: 524, 529. 

Quail 42: 523, 524, 532. 

Rabbit 42: 524, 533. 

Raven 35: 1374. 

Sahnon 14: 728; 35: 895. 

Scalp 3: 330; 19: 496; 42: 524, 

529. 
.scattering 35: 1035. 
Screech-owl 42: 523, 524, 530. 
shaman 35: 1004, 1005, 1018, 1019. 
Sheep 42: 523, 534. 
Skunk 42: 523, 524, 528, 529. 
Small Frog 42: 523, 534. 
Snake 42: 523,524,525. 
Snow 42: 523, 529. 
societes of the Omaha 3: 342, 355. 
speaker 35: 898. 
Sun 3: 272, 355. 
Tadpole 42: 603. 
tamer 35: 738, 739. 
Tcitahaia 42: 604, 605. 
T'egaxe-watci 3: 352. 
Terrapin 42: 524, .532, 533. 
Thrower 35: 965, 1035. 
Tick 42: 524, 533. 
Tree-Frog 42: 524,531. 
Turkey 42: 577, 603, 610. 
visiting 19: 493. 
Visitors', of relating exploits. 3: 

352. 
Wacicka 3: 342. 
war 42: 524, 529. 
war, of the Winnebago 14: 25. 
Wasp 35: 1158 sg. 
wheel of the Apache 14: 704. 
Witcita 3: 349. 
Wolf 3: 348; 42: 524, 556. 
women's 42: 559 sq., 560, 561, 571, 

574, 578, 581, 597 sq., 604, 609, 671. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



289 



Dance — Continued 

See also Buffalo Dance; Cannibal; 
Crazy Dance; Crow Dance; 
Dances; Fire; Ghost Dance; 
Grizzly Bear; Hamshamtsles; 
iam Dance; Omaha Dance; 
Rich-Woman; Snake Dance; 
Sun Dance; War; Winter. 
Dance-bags of the Menomini 14: 

272. 
Dance Chiefs, office of 45: 262. 
Dance Day of Hopi elaborate festivahs 

21: 20. 
Dance Grounds, ceremonial, near 

Franklin, N. C. 42: 7S7. 
Dance Houses 

description of 45: 333. 
of the Omaha 13: 274. 
speakers of 35: 1164. 
Dance Inclosures. See Plazas. 
Dance Kilts, ,>iynil)oli.sm of 30: 36. 
Dance Objects 

Antillean 25: 64,65,72. 
See also Areitos; Plazas. 
Dance Bock, Tusayan, reference to 

Snake dance of 8: 65. 
Dance Sticks 38: § 576. 
Dancer 

attendants of 35: 873. 

cut Into piece.'? 35: 1143, 1145. 

masked, face of, on pottery from 

Shumopovi 22, i: 115. 
masked, figure of, on bowl from Four- 
mile ruin, cut showing 22, i: 144. 
masked, figure of, on bowl from Four- 
mile ruin, description of 22, i: 
143. 
substitute for 35: 1034. 
transformation of 35: 875. 
See also Dancers. 
Dancers 

costumes of 47: 104 sq., 314, 318, 

324, 335. 
cruel 35: 1158 s^. 
in the Hako ceremony 22, ii: 247, 

249. 
remarks concerning 47: 81 sq. 
taboos concerning 47: 84. 
See also Dancer; Little Dancers. 
Dances 

absence of, in winter Flute festival 

21: 29. 
animal 42: 523, 524, 610. 
as compulsive magic 47: 899. 



Dances — Cent inued 
at Abiquiu 29: 137. 
at Christmas 47: 106, 303-306. 
at Xanana potlatch 46: 43. 
Buffalo, origin of 37:347. 
burial 1: 192. 

busk, summary of 42: 609 sq. 
captive's death 37: 384 s?. 
circuit observed in 42: 522. 
Coeur d'Alene 45: 185-192. 
Dark Katcina 47: 321-324. 
dates of 47: 289,290. 
description of 42: 524, 534; 46: 

556-.565. 
ditch 47: 318 sqq. 
Eskimo 18: 353-357. 
Eskimo, examples of 18: 370 sq., 

372. 
Eskimo, place and time of per- 
formance of 18: 286, 354. 
extra, introduction of 47: 888. 
facial painting for 45: 423, 427, 

436. 
farewell 37: 385. 
for benefit of Bear Clan 37: 386. 
Green Corn 32: 257. 
Grizzly Bear 37: 347 sqq. 
held monthly 42: 556. 
Hok'ixe're, after war party 37: 

318, 379-383. 
in circle formation 47: 896. 
in line form 47: 896 sq. 
Jicarilla Apache Indian 29: 109. 
Katcina ba.sket 47: 314. 
Kikre waci 37: 387. 
King's, description of 47: 306. 
Kor'kokshi, entertaiimient for the 

people 23: 148. 
land turtle 47: 317 sq. 
"last" of the series 42:556. 
li.st of 42: 523, 524. 
love making at 46: 558. 
masked, at Oraibi 47: 354 sq. 
masked, at Zuni 47: 497. 
masked, for rain 47: 82 sqq., 124, 

844. 
masked, origin of 47: 497, 844. 
medicine 37: 3.59-374. 
miscellaneous 47: 68. 
mixed 47: 1025. 
notched bone 47: 336. 
of the Buffalo feast 37: 346. 
of the Flathead 45: 386-394. 
of the Herok'a societv 37: 343. 



290 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Dances — Continued 

of the Iroquois 2: 112, 116. 

of the Menomiiii 14: 247. 

of the Night Spirit society 37: 204, 

338. 
of the Okanagan 45 : 292 sq. 
of the Siouan Indians 15:175,184. 
of the Tahus 14: 513. 
patterns of 47: 896. 
pinitu 47: 332-335, 372. 
Pishofa, to cure the sicli 42: 622, 

623, 708. 
Powamfl festival 21: 32. 
preceding the busk 42: 553. 
preparation of 47: 886-896. 
purpose served by 46: 556, 557, 

563, 564 sq. 
rain-making 47: 82 sqq., 124, 844. 
rehearsals of 47: 892, 894. 
repetition of 47: 896. 
San Ildefonso Indian 29: 295, 308. 
San Juan Indian 29: 119. 
scalp 47: 99. 
soldiers' 37: 228, 386 sg. 
songs accompanying 42: 522, 523. 
special, named for animals 42: 558. 
steps used in 42: 522; 47: 897 

Taos Indian 29: 179, 184. 

Tcebokna°k 37: 387. 

time for holding 42: 522, 525, 527. 

to avert witchcraft 42: 629. 

traditional, of the Wawenock 43: 
177. 

traditional songs of 47: 889. 

use of drums in, by American 
aborigines 20: 34. 

victory 37: 379-383. 

welcoming, description of 47: 44. 

with songs 47: 282 sq. 

See also Ceremonies; Dance; and 
references there; Dances, Chick- 
asaw; Dancing; Katcinas; 
Bain-making. 
Dances, Chickasaw 

benefits derived from 44: 261. 

list of 44: 257. 

Pishofa, for healing the sick 44: 
258. 

to ward off evil spirits 44: 261. 
Dances, Pima 

in celebration of victory 26: 205 
sq. 



Dances, Pima — Continued 

in connection with songs 26: 337. 

mention of 26: 170, 250. 
Dances, Social, reference to 40: 

327, .343. 
Dances, Tlingit 

at potlatches 26: 435 sq., 438-443. 

on making peace 26:451. 
Dancing 

a form of worship 47: 497. 

at general council 42: 312. 

at Hethu'shka meeting 27: 466, 
468. 

at Zuni 47: 497 sq. 

before ball game 42: 457. 

common practice of 42: 449. 

dramatic, as a mortuary custom 
40: 383. 

grass (or Omaha) dance 27: 461. 

in He'dewachi ceremony 27: 259. 

in Hon'hewachi ceremony 27: 502, 
507. 

in medical treatment 30: 55. 

in Moowa'dathi" and Toka'lo socie- 
ties 27: 486. 

Katcina, description of 47: 495. 

Katcina, distribution of 47: 899- 
903. 

masked, origin of 47: 497, 844. 

object of 40: 237. 

occasions for 47: 497. 

of children, at gens festival 40: 
225 sq. 

religious, ideals concerning 40: 
209, 211. 

to celebrate victory 42: 419. 

vogvie of 45: 164. 

Zuni, description of 47: 507 sq. 

Zuiii, limitations of 47:898. 

See o/.so Religion. 
Dancing Apron 35:873,874. 
Dancing House 35: 870. 
Dancing Lodge, Siouan 11: 458. 
Dancing Babbit Creek, treaty of 

18: 726. 
Dancing Societies 

mention of 11: 428. 

of the Omaha 15: 214. 
Dandelion 

medicinal use of 43: 266. 

of recent introduction 33: 59. 

use of 44: 293. 

See also Taraxacum Officinale. 
Dandridge, raid near 19: 75. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



291 



Danger, signals for 1 : 529, 532. 
Dangerous Man, migration under 

1 9 : 99 xfj. 
d'Anghieri, P. M., cited 30: 365. 
Daniel, Franciscan friar and lay 

l)rother 14: 474, 556. 
Daniel, Dr. Z. T. 

material collected by 24: 181, 639. 
on dice games, Teton Dakota 24: 
181. 
Danielli, J., cited 46: 306, 309. 
Danilson, William, material collected 

l)y 24: 169, 309. 
Danish burial logs 1: 139. 
Danohabo land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 784. 
D'Anville, Le Sieur 
map by 17: 64. 
on Galisteo 29: 482. 
on Gyusiwa 29: 394. 
on Isieta 29: 529. 
on Jacona 29: 330. 
on Nambg Pueblo 29: 358. 
on Patoqua 29: 397, 398. 
on Pecos 29: 476, 477. 
on San Cristobal 29: 486. 
on San Felipe 29: 499. 
on San Ildefonso 29: 305. 
on San Juan 29: 213. 
on San Lazaro 29: 491. 
on Sandia 29: 526. 
on Santa Ana 29: 521. 
on Santa Clara 29: 242. 
Danville, Ky., trails of 42: 800, 840. 
Daqllawe'di, Tlingit Clan 
affinities of 26: 412, 421. 
crests of 26: 415, 416. 
history of 26: 410, 412, 414. 
names of 26: 422. 
phratry and tribe 26: 398 sqq. 
standing of 26: 408. 
Darby, Cape. <See Cape Darby. 
Darien, capture of, Ijy Balboa 6: 35. 
Darina Tree, spirits connected with 

30: 228, 233. 
Dark Kachina Dance 47: 321-324. 
Darkening Land, myths concerning 

19: 248, 253, 261," 262, 313. 
Darket sandals 38: § 553. 
Darkness 

caused by drawing a blanket over 

the sky 31: 885. 
eating after, evil of 30: 184 sq., 
295. 



Darkness — Continued 

in Pima mythology 26: 386-389. 
land of, Eskimo legend of 18: 

511-514. 
See also Night. 
Darlington, William, on early use of 

the word "Zizania" 19:1021. 
Darlington, surrounding of, by hostile 

Indians 17: 203 sq. 
Daro-an 

l>asket for dart cotton 38: §417. 
single-leaf ite basket 38: § 453. 
Dark Game, played by boys 47: 240. 
D'Artaguette 

defeat of French under 19: 417. 

mention of defeat of 42: 502. 

Darton, N. H., on geology of workshop 

sites 15: 31. 
Dart- throwing. 

among the .American Indians 19: 

494. 
among the Eskimo 18: 333 sq. 
Darts for Blowgun 38: § 120. 
poison for 38: § 121 sqq. 
quivers for 38: § 124. 
Darwin, Charles 

analysis of emotional tunes by 1: 

270. 
on gestures of Fuegans 1 : 293. 
Das Ausland, cited on marks 4: 183. 
Da'sha-i, a Caddo svnonvm 14: 

1092. 
Daspia land cessions and reservations 

18: 784. 
Dasyprocta Acuchy 
hunting of 38: § 164. 
See also Adouri. 
Dasyprocta Aguti 

hunting of 38: § 164. 
taming of 38: § 176. 
tooth knife 38: § 733, 736, 748. 
See also Acouri. 
Dasystephana Puberula 33: 109. 
Datekaii 

mystic performances of 14: 906. 
threat of outbreak caused by 17: 

219. 
See also Pa-tepte. 
Dates readily lost 46: 100, 108. 
Datha 

king of the province of Duhave 48: 

688. 
mention of 42: 708. 



292 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Data 

cord made from 30: 78 sq. 
preparation of, for food 30: 72 sq. 
preparation of, for weaving 30: 78 

sq. 
use of, in basketry 30: 79, 81. 
use of, in ceremonies 30: 99. 
Datumpata, a Kiowa synonym 17: 

148, 159. 
Datura 

origin of 30: 46. 

uses of 30: 39, 41, 46 sqq., 63, 
88-91. 
Datura Meteloides DC. See Thorn- 
apple. 
Dauberton, — , photographs made by 

34: 189. 
Daughter-in-law, application of the 

term 42: S3, 93. 
Daughter of the Sun, myths con- 
cerning 19: 252 sgg., 297, 436 sgg. 
Daughters 

application of the term 42: 81. 
first three, names for 43: 31,32. 
See also Child; Kinship Terms. 
Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion 
road marked by the 42: 830. 
work being done by 42: 833. 
Daveko 

Apache ctiief and medicine man 24 : 

285. 
d6-& game led by 17: 347, 348. 
meaning of name of 17: 445. 
portrait of 17: 250. 
Davenport, — , purchase of land by 

18: 614 sq. 
Davenport, Colonel — , reference to 

40: 43. 
Davenport, Edward 
genealogy of 40: 43. 
reference to 40: 27. 
Davenport, Iowa 
mounds near 5: 24. 
pottery from vicinity of 4: 427, 
428; 20: 192. 
Davenport Academy of Sciences 
acknowledgment to 20: 16. 
exploration by niember.s of 5: 24. 
mention of 4: 367, 368, 380, 381, 

393, 396, 409, 423, 426, 427, 431. 
paper published in proceedings of 

20: 15. 
pipes found by members of 5: 38. 



Davenport Academy of Sciences — 
Continued 
pottery in collections of 20: 89, 98, 

192. 
work of Dr. T. Michelson for 36: 
18. 
Davenport Tablets 10: 764 sq.; 

12: 633-644. 
Davidson. .See Fay and Davidson. 
Davidson, G. L., commi.ssioner to ex- 
tinguish Cherokee title 5: 241. 
Davidson, Col. J. W. 

Indian operations under, in 1874 

17: 204, 212. 
surrender of Comanche to 17: 204. 
Davidson, William C, vases donated 

by 10: XXI. 
Davidson County, Tenn., remains in 

41: 495. 
Davie, William R., commissioner for 

Cherokee treaty 5 : 184. 
Davies, — 

History of Antilles by 19: 202. 

on aborigines of Santo Domingo 

25: 219. 
on Carib festivals 25: 65. 
on Carib medicine men 25: 60 sq. 
on fishing among the Carib 25: 49. 
on origin of Carib 25: 217 sq. 
on physical features of Carib 25: 

30 sq. 
on Spanish mission among Cherokee 

19: 29. 
quoted on aborigines of America 
34: 126 sq. 
Davila, F. T. 

on Hurdaide expedition 17: 55. 
on Seri population 17: 71. 
on Seri wars and raids 17: 79, 94. 
Davis, Andrew McFarland 

on dice games, Norridgewock 24: 

82. 
on double ball, Wintun 24:658. 
on games of Narraganset 84: 80. 
on racket, Miami 24: 569. 
on terms used in stick games, Illinois 
24: 230. 
Davis, Arthur P., reference to 29: 

350. 
Davis, E. H. 

and Squier on mounds 5: 12, 13, 

38, 45, 48. 
collection of terra-cotta figure by 

3: 112. 
See also Squier and Davis. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



293 



Davis, Gov. E. J. 

Kiowa prisoners accompanied bv 

17: 197. 
parole of Set-t'aifite 17: 209. 
Davis, E. W. 

on archery games, Chiricahua Apache 

24: 385. 
on hoop and pole, Chiricahua Apaclie 
24: 449. 
Davis, F. H., specimen presented b\ 

40: 20. 
Davis, Jefferson, on wild rice in 
vicinity of Madison, Wis. 19: 
1036. 
Davis, John 

cited on Indian medicine men 9: 

167. 
cited on Pueblo rebellion 9: 555. 
description of Eskimo house by 9: 

77. 
description of fire-making by Eskimo 

by 9: 290. 
quoted on Eskimo amulets 9: 434. 
quoted on Eskimo burials 9: 426. 
works of, consulted 9: 21, 22. 
Davis, J. Barnard 

cited 46: 218, 232, 235, 237, 258, 

326, 368. 
cited as to skulls 3: 95. 
Davis, Bebecca M., on Whiteside 

Mountain 19: 467 sq. 
Davis, Solomon, Oneida allotment 

expendable by 14: 30. 
Davis, William, mounds on land of, 

Arkansas 12: 207. 
Davis, William H. 46:322. 
Davis, Maj., W. M. 

on Cherokee opposition to removal 

19: 126. 
report on state of feeling among 
Cherokee in Georgia 5: 284. 
Davis, W. W. H. 

on Cuyamunque 29: 333. 

on destruction of New Mexican 

documents 14: 535. 
on history of the Sia 11:10. 
on Jacona 29: 330. 
on Jemez 29: 403. 
on San Felipe 29: 500. 
on San Ildefon.so 29: 305. 
on San Juan 29: 213. 
on Sandia 29: 527. 
on Sia 29: 517, 518. 
on Taos 29: 182. 



Davis, W. W. H. — Continued 
on Yuqueyunque 29: 227. 
shell pendants mentioned by 2: 

256. 
Davis Farm, flint on 44: 510. 
Davis Strait Indians, snowhouses 

of 6: 541-544. 
Davy, J. Burt, on absence of wild 

rice in California 19: 1029. 
Dawatont, — , grant of land to 18: 

686. 
Da'wa-w^mp-ki-yas, Tusayan sun 

priests 14: 518. 
Dawes, Senator — , telegram to, on 

Sioux trouble 14: 835. 

, Miss Anna, work of 26: 

XXIV. 

Dawes Commission 

organization and powers of 19: 

153 sq. 
work of 19: 156. 
Dawkins, Boyd 46: 333, 347, 349, 

368. 
Dawn 

beliefs concerning 1 1 : 468. 
connection of rabbit with 19: 233. 
consideration of, in Hako cere- 
mony 22, ii: 58. 
interpretation of colors of 41: 591. 
Pawnee conception of 22, ii: 124, 

125, 320, 321. 
red plumes as the symbol of 36: 
134. 
Dawn, Women of, legend of 30: 

266 sq. 
Dawn God of the Navaho 17: 489. 
Dawn Katcina 

resemblance of, to Nakiatcop 21: 

86. 
See also Telavai. 
Dawson, — (Prof. G. M. (?) ) 

description of Haida dances by 

3: 110. 
description of labrets by 3: 82. 
description of masks by 3: 110-114. 
Dawson, Prof. George M. 

assigns the Tagisch to the Kolushan 

family 7: 87. 
on Indian land tenure 7: 40. 
on stick game, Haida 24: 260. 
Sahshan researches of 7: 104. 
Dawson, Dr. 3. W. 

cited 46: 333, 338, 368. 
illustrations of Iroquoian pottery 
pubUshed by 20: 170. 



294 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Dawson, Dr. J. W. — Continued 

on caching of Indian implements 

13: 133. 
on crescent-shape arrowpoints 13: 

168. 
on cupped stones 13: 92. 
on round stones as fish killers 

13: 95. 
on rudeness of certain implements 

13: 136. 
on use of celts in woodworking 
13: 83. 
Dawson, Lee, unit-type house on prop- 
erty of 48: 11. 
Daxe't, Tlingit town 26: 397. 
Day, Charles L., material collected 

by 24: 140. 
Day, Dr. D. T. 

acknowledgments to 19: 13. 
on southern gold fields 19: 221. 
Day, George D., Kiowa agent in 1891 

17: 226. 
Day 

characterization of 37: 441. 

child of Night and Tirawa 22, ii: 

127. 
divisions of 42: 398 sq. 
in Omaha conception 27: 128,494. 
in Ponca conception 27: 507. 
Mayan, symbols of 19: 713 sq. 
mention of 11: 467. 
mythic origin of 14: 200. 
oflfering to, in War-bundle feast 

37: 429, 461. 
representation of, in Hako cere- 
mony 22, ii: 21. 
signs for 1: 371. 
symbolism of 27: 254, 517. 
symbolism of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 42. 
See also Days; Nights; Sky. 
Day and Night, terms relating to 

29: 67 sq. 
Day Deities 

in Maori calendar 16: 265. 
names of, in Mayan and Mexican 

calendars 16: 206. 
of the Maya year 16: xcv, 199-265. 
symbol of, in Troano Codex 16: 
" 222. 
Day People 

ofHcials of 47: 270. 

of white corn group 47: 270. 



Dayaks, tattooing among the 10: 

413. 
Daybwawaindung, portrait made by 

34: 28. 
Daye'. iSee Dyea. 
Daylight 

a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 174. 
in Menomini mythology 14: 91. 
kept in a box 31: 61. 
origin of 30: 266 sq. 
origin of, myth of 31: 60 sqq. 
string figure of 38: §686. 
Day-no-day 46: 96. 
Days 

assignment of, to cardinal points 

3: 38 sqq., 50-53. 
list of Mexican 3: 32 sqq. 
Mayan, method of counting 19: 

707. 
of the Mayan "Four Series of 

Years" 19: 702 sq. 
of the week, terms for 42: 404. 
See also Day. 
Dayton Village 
location of 37: 51. 
treaties of 18: 800, 814. 
De Bois Blanc Island, cession of 

18: 656. 
De Booy, Theodor 

drawings furnished by 34: 177. 
mention of 34: 74. 
specimen described by 34: 182 sq. 
specimens collected by 34: 49, 63, 
167, 213, 215, 216, 219, 221. 
De Brahm, — , survey by 18: 657 sq. 
De Bry, — 

cited 12: 668, 684. 
on Indian burial customs 5: 29-39. 
Timuquanan names on map of 7: 
124. 
De Fer, N., on Quivira 29: 566. 
De Forest, J. W., on Connecticut In- 
dian spades 13: 133. 
De Frenne, stone graves, near Prairie 

du Rocher, 111. 12: 136 sq. 
De Goeje, C. H. 

cited 30: 145, 159, 278, 286, 296, 
297, 304, 310, 327, 329, 330, 346, 
363. 
on belief in inunortality 30: 149. 
on talismans 30: 2S8. 
De Graflfenreid Buins, mention of 
41: 496. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



295 



De Haas, Dr. Willis 

first in charge of mound exploration 

12: 19. 
Indian relics bought by 3: 490. 
Indian relics collected by 3: 494- 

506. 
work of 3: xxiv. 
De la Borde, — , on certain Cfirib 

customs 25: 6.5. 
De la Harpe, Barnard, cited 12: 

620, 6.52, 657, 665. 
De la Vente, — , cited on Natchez 

record 42: 456. 
De Leon. Sec Leon. 
De I'Isle, Guillaume 
cited 7: 60. 

Kwapa village located by 15: 139. 
map of, reference to 27: 80. 
on Acoma 29: 543, 544. 
on Isleta 29: 529. 
on Jaeona 29: 330. 
on Pecos 29: 476. 
on Santa Clara 29: 242. 
on Sia 29: 517. 
on Tajique 29: 533. 
on Taos 29: 182. 
Ponka noted on map of 15: 192. 
reference by, to Mdewakaofcwa" 
15: 215. 
De Luna, Tristan, expedition of 

19: 201. 
De Mars, Father — , in the Flathead 

country 45: 385. 
De Mofras, Duflot, on Seri popula- 
tion 17: 87 s<?., 135*. 
De Montagnac, C. P. O'B., .Jamaican 

amulets found by 25: 140. 
De Pauw, — 46: 219. 
De Priest, H. G., moimd on land of, 

.Arkansas 12: 243. 
De Schweinitz, Edmund, on Mora- 
vian missions 19: 84. 
De Smet, Father G. I. 

acknowledgment by, to Denig 46: 

386. 
first missionery among Flathead 45: 

385. 
object of correspondence with 46: 
467. 
De Soto, Hernando 

among the Kwapa 15: 193. 

and followers lived on corn obtained 

from the Indians 12: 619. 
burial of 1: 181. 



De Soto, Hernando — Continued 
Caddo encountered by 14: 1094. 
Cherokee name used by 19: 182. 
expedition of 13: 25. 
expedition of, bison not seen by 41 : 

610. 
clironicles of 12: 646. 
expedition of, into Cherokee country 

19: 23-27, 191-201. 
expedition of, mention of 42: 438, 

438 sq., 440, 446, 510, 682, 683, 701, 

704, 706, 740, 777, 779, 820, 829, 
on bees among the Cherokee 19: 

214. 
on early habitat of the Kaskaskias 

7: 113. 
quarries attributed to 44: 540. 
relicsof, among the Creeks 17: 242. 
supposed to have visited the Yuchi 

7: 126. 
Timucjuanan towns encountered by 

7: 124. 
visit of, to Cherokee 5: 134. 
visit of, to Cutifachiqui 5: 135. 
See also Soto. 
De Vaca, Cabeza 

hawk's bill found by, in the hand of 

native 12: 713. 
See also Cabeza de Vaca. 
De Vaugondy, a synonym for Me- 

nomini 19: 1048. 
De Vreede, Jan, killed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
De Ward, C, survey of 18: 737. 
De Witt, Frederlcus, maps by 17: 

56, 62. 
De Witt, John H. 

acknowledgment to 43: 745. 
mention of 41: 589. 
De Witt's Corners, treaty of 19: 53. 
De Zeltner, A. See Zeltner. 
Dead 

abandonment of homes of 30: 

149, 159. 
abiding place of 47: 633. 
appearance of 30: 272. 
blessings bestowed by 47: 510. 
dance for the 1: 192. 
disposal of the 11: 518. 
Eskimo feasts to the 18: 363-379, 

424 sq. 
Eskimo manner of regarding the 

18: 423 60. 



296 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Dead — Continued 

Eskimo shaman's visits to land of the 

18: 433 89. 
eyes of the 30: 160,299. 
facial painting of the 40: 370. 
food buried with the 40: 372. 
go to the west 40: 357. 
land of the, Eskimo legend of 18: 

488 sqq. 
mourning for the 30: 254. 
not to look backward 40: 357, 

359, 419. 
of sky land converse with the living 

21: 263. 
orientationof the, in burial 40: 372, 

409. 
resurrection of the 30: 170, 178, 

182. 
Seri and Yuman words meaning 

17: 338*899. 
Seri treatment of 17: 11 sq., 287*- 

295*. 
speeches to the 40: 417 sqq., 419 

sqq., 431 sqq. 
tobacco cast on 40: 372. 
worship of 47: 483. 
See al'io Ancestors. 
Dead Hunter, Iroquoian tale 2: 87. 
Dead Mountain, Nev., petroglyphs at 

10: 95. 
Dead Standing Mountain, in Pima 

song 26: 296. 
"Dead" VUlages 46: 134, 1.36, 137, 

142, 168, 183. 
Deadfalls, Eskimo use of IS: 121. 
Deaf , pictographs for 10: 587. 
Deaf and Dumb, American annals of 

the 1: 293. 
Deaf-Mute College, National, test 

of signs at the 1: 321. 
Deaf- Mutes 

methodical signs of 1 : 362. 

Milan Convention on instruction of 

1: 307. 
signs of instructed 1:362,397. 
signs of uninstructed 1 : 277. 
sounds uttered by the uninstructe<i 
1: 277. 
Deans, James, on shinny game, 

Haida 24: 642. 
Dearborn, Henry, purchase of land 

from, by Seneca 18: 773. 
Dearie, — , acknowledgment to 34: 



Dease and Simpson, cited 6: 458. 
Death 

accidental, punishment in case of 

42: 342. 
as form of punishment 42: 355. 
assistance at, of clansmen 47:39. 
beliefs concerning 11: 374, 421, 

512, 518; 47: 137 sq., 481. 
burning of property after 35 : 1329, 

1330. 
caused by mystic power 40: 38. 
caused by red turkey 40: 199. 
caused by shame 35: 1103. 
caused by slipping of ribs 40: 173. 
caused by witchcraft 47: 482. 
causes of 46: 478. 
concept of 37: 313 sq. 
cu.stoms relating to 11: 485; 43: 

389-393. 
disposal of property after 35 : 1330. 
flight of spirit at 30: 270. 
foretelling of 27: 489 sq. 
general conception of 27: 489 sq., 

588-591. 
hair cut after 35: 709. 
Hethu'shka teaching as to 27: 475. 
in Pima mythology 26: 216, 24S. 
in story of Shell society 27: 514 sq. 
mention of 35: 705-710. 
methods of disposal after 31: 441 

sq. 
Omaha ceremonies at 3: 229,233. 
omens of 30: 121, 274 sq., 301 sq., 

303, 331. 
origin of 30: 179, 182, 241, 250 sq. 
Pima views of 26: 193. 
sacred shells associated with 27: 

457. 
Seri ideas concerning 17: 292* s9. 
signs for 1 : 353, 420, 497. 
signs of 35: 603 sq., 707 sq. 
song of Kiowa warriors 17: 329. 
story of origin of 40: 387-393,473- 

481. 
the subject of talk 40: 273. 
tokens of 43: 393. 
water poured out after 35: 1330. 
Zuni mythic origin of 13: 404. 
See also Burial; Bush Spirits; 

Cremation; Funeral Customs; 

Kanaima; Mortuary Customs; 

Mourning Customs; Sickness; 

Thunder. 



boitoerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



297 



Death and Mourning of tho Guiana 

Indians 38: p. 638-665. 
Death-bringer 35: 747. 
Death Camas 

beliefs concerning 45: 508. 
use of 45: 463, 511, 512. 
Death God 

of the Mexicans 16: 243. 
offering to 15: 301. 
personified at Tusa van 15: 303. 
symbol as day symbol 16: 231. 
See also Masauwilh. 
Death Valley, Calif., petroglyphs in 

10: 60 sq. 
Death's-head Vase, Middle Missis- 
sippi group 20: 96 sqq. 
Debauchery, drink, dance 38: § 583. 
Debris 

an indication of original height of 

waUs 8: 90. 
height of ancient villages judged by 

13: 198, 246, 312. 
how indicated in plans of ruins 8: 
45. 
Debts 

customs concerning 42: 335. 
Eskimo regard for 18: 294. 
payment of 46: 459. 
Decanters. See Bottles. 
Decapitation in War 35: 1015. 
Deceit, signs for 1 : 303. 
December, ceremonies celebrated in 

21: 21. 
Dechelette, J. 46: 332, 333, 351, 

368. 
Decimal system, emijioyed by the 
Sonoran and Shoshonean peoples 
19: 922. 
Decimal-Vigesimal System, em- 
ployed by tiie Othomian, Torascan, 
Totonacan and Huastecan peoples 
19: 922. 
Deciphering, principles of 1: 207. 
De'citan, Tlingit Clan 
crests of 26: 416, 420. 
history of 26: 412. 
phratry and tribe 26: 399. 
See also Ghosts; Souls; Spirits. 
Declarations of War 

of Guiana Indians 38: §758,759. 
pictographically represented 10: 
358 sq. 
Decoctions, medicine 38: § 927. 



Decoigne, Ellen 

reservation for 18: 742. 
See also Ducoin. 
Decora, Paul, songs recorded by 47: 

9. 
Decora, position of wife of 37: 193. 
Decora Family, origin of 37: 65, 67 

sqq. 
Decorating 

I)lants used in 30: 82. 
the Xo'-ka 45: 703-707. 
Decoration 

among Siuoan peoples 11: 397. 
body 38: p. 419-448. 
colors used in 2: 326, 330. 
difference of styles of, accounted fur 

2: 328. 
eastern United States pottery 20: 

25, 36, 40 sq., 51 sq., 56, 64-80. 
evolution of 20: 64 sq. 
Florida Peninsula pottery, designs 

20: 118, 121, 122, 123," 125, 126, 

127, 128. 
Florida Peninsula pottery, methods 

20: 118. 
Gulf Coast pottery, designs 20: 

106, 107, 108, 109 sg., 113sg. 
Gulf Coast pottery, methods 20: 

105 sq. 
house 38: § 325. 
house openings 8: 145 sq. 
Indian pottery, change in forms of 

2: 327, 333! 
Indian pottery, vegetable matter cm- 
ployed in 2: 331. 
Iroquoian pipes 20: 174 sq. 
Iroquoian pottery, designs 20: 171 

sq. 
Iroquoian pottery, methods 20: 

162 sqq. 
kiva roof timbers 8: 145 sg. 
lack of, in Navaho houses 17: 487. 
ladder crosspieces 8: 159. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 103 sq. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pipes 20: 

158. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery, de- 
signs 20: 145, 151, 154, 156. 
Middle Atlantic Coast potter.w 

methods 20: 148 sq., 151, 154, 

155 sq., 157. 



298 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Decoration — Continued 

Middle Mississippi Valley pottery, 

designs 20: 86, 88, 90 sq., 92, 100 

sq. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery, 

methods 20: 85, 86, 88, 89. 
New Jersey-New England pottery 

20: 177, 179. 
no symbolic significance in 2: 333. 
Northwestern pottery 20: ISS gqq., 

191, 194, 196 sq., 198, 199, 200 nq. 
of Awatobi pottery 17: 623, 624 sq. 
of bags 45: 48, 49, 50, 51. 
of baskets 45: 51, 52, 55, 223 sq. 
of clay articles 2: 322. 
of cliff house walls 16: 102, 109, 

113, 125, 147, 160, 177-181. 
of clothing 45: 66-73, 236, 337 s^g. 
of headbands 45: 74. 
of Honanki pottery 17: 570, 571. 
of horse equipments 45 : 50, 353 .■<q. 
of houses of squares 42: 184 sg. 
of ladle handles 17: 624. 
of mats 45: 47. 
of Omaha tents 13: 274. 
of pottery by spattering 17: 650, 

668, 671, 677. 
of pottery, Yukon 46: 135, 147. 
of Sikyatki pottery 17: 650, 652, 

655, 657-728. 
of Tusayan kiva 15:283. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185 sq. 
on basketry suggesting Siouan rela- 
tionship 41: 533. 
personal, in Tusayan ceremony 15: 

275, 278, 279, 281, 282, 283, 285, 

286, 287. 
roof beams 8: 123, 125. 
Seri 17: 10, 164*-179*. 
Seri, significance of 17: 176*-179*. 
Seri, travelers' accounts of 17: 7S, 

101. 
South Appalachian pottery, designs 

20: 133 sq., 138, 139 sq. 
South Appalachian pottery, methods 

20: 133-136. 
Southern and Northern pottery 20: 

145 sq., 187. 
wall of Mashongnavi house 8: 146. 
wooden chair 8: 213. 
Zuni window sashes 8: 196. 



Decoration — Continued 

Sec ff/.so Adornment; Beadwork; 
Carving; Checker; Color; 
Comb-like; Cords; Cross; De- 
signs; Dyes; Fabrics; Filfot; 
Griddle; Guilloche; Herring- 
bone; Imbrication; Incision; 
Indenting; Inlaying; Meander; 
Ornaments; Paddles; Painting; 
Personal; Quillwork; Roulette; 
Scroll; Stamps; Trailing; 
Volute. 

Decorative 

motive in pottery, sources of 4: 453. 
pleasures 19: lx-lxiii, lxxiv- 

LXXVII. 

Decoys 

used by Eskimo in catching ptarmi- 
gan 18: 132. 
women as, in warfare 38: § 764. 
Decu'. .See Haines Mission. 
Dedication of Navaho houses 17: 

476, 504. 
Deep Creek Reserve, sale of 18: 

830. 
Deep Creek Uta, executive order 

affecting 18: 892. 
Deep Fork, Upper towns on 42: 333. 
Deer 

a life symbol 36: 96. 

a man-being In Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 173. 
appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 95. 
as a symbol 39: 214. 
as an emblem 39: 327. 
basketry design 38: § 444. 
bina for 30: 282. 
brains, bows sized with 14: 281. 
ceremonial division of 47: 338. 
ceremonial over, killed in a hunt 

23: 440, 441. 
ceremonies connected with 39: 322. 
connection of, with Shell society 

27: 518, 559. 
creation of, reference to 35: 398. 
division of, at War-bundle feast 

37: 430. 
Eskimo lance for hunting 9: 240- 

244. 
Eskimo methods of kUling and 

capturing 18: 118 sq. 
Eskimo use of intestines of 18: 118. 



bonnerjea] 



SXTBJECT INDEX 



299 



Deer — Continvied 

fat of, use of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 20. 
horns used as pegs in Zuiii 8: 111. 
hunting of 11:249; 27:270,271 

sq., 274 sq.; 32: 656; 38: § lOS; 

46: 536. 
hunting of, among Pima 27: 44. 
implements made from bones of, 

from Pueblo ruins, description 

of 22, i: 94, 95. 
killed for War-bundle feast 37: 

442. 
method of hunting 42: 693; 45: 

101. 
myths concerning 11: 37, 64, 153, 

201, 328; 19: 250 sq.. 263, 266, 

275 sqq., 286 sq., 432, 450 sqq. 
place of , in life of Osage 36: 185. 
place of, in tribal Ufa 39: 322. 
prayer for stalking 47: 835. 
prayer on trapping a 23: 440. 
representation of. Middle Mississippi 

Valley pottery 20: 95. 
Seri chase of 17: 196*. 
skin of, use of, in Hako ceremony 

22, u: 21. 
song,s of the Cherokee 19: 435. 
symbol in the codices 16: 233,234. 
taboo of 11: 412. 
tail of, used as charm 35: 649. 
taming of 38: § 716. 
tradition concerning 45: 96 sq. 
turtle and, legend of 30: 212 sq. 
ulna of 35: 117, 124, 157. 
why, have short black tails 31 : 63. 
Women, mythic 11: 480. 
See also Deer, among the Pima, 

Tlingil; Reindeer. 
Deer, among the Pima 
as food 26: 81, 83. 
disease caused by 26: 262. 
in mythology 26: 217, 218. 
in song 26: 301, 317. 
Deer, am^ng the Tlingit 
charm for 26: 447. 
name in peace-making 26: 447, 

451. 
name of gaming stick 26: 444. 
products, articles of trade 26: 93. 
town name 26: 409. 
Deer, at Cibola 

description of, by Colorado River 

Indians 14: 405. 
95719°— 33 20 



Deer, at Cibola — Continued 

in Menomini myth 14: 201. 

in Pueblo region 14: 518. 

of the Great Plains 14: 528. 
Deer and Corn Clans 

bringing of water by members of 
23: 128, 129. 

deposition of prayer plumes by 
members of 23: 128, 129. 
Deer Antler 

fragments of 44: 135. 

wedges of 44: 135. 
Deer Clan 

a.s.sociations of 42: 149. 

customs of 37: 246. 

dog names of 37: 246. 

native names for 42: 115. 

origin myth of 37: 247 sqq. 

of the Cherokee 42: 118. 

personal names of 37: 249. 

song of 37: 249. 

•Sec also Sowinii Clan. 
Deer Creek Reserve 

cession of 18: 938. 

establishment of 18: 912. 
Deer Disease, treatment for 42: 639 

sq. 
Deer Gens, personal names of 43: 

12S sqq. 
Deer-head, a sky deity 43: 74. 
Deer-head Gens, Omaha 3: 245. 
Deer Horn, appearance of, in Hopi 

pictures 21: 60, 103, 121. 
Deer Hunter 

legend of 21: 104. 

representation of, in picture of 
Sowinwil 21: 103. 
Deer Eatclnas 

a.ssociation of, with Kwewil 21: 103. 

See also Sowinwu. 
Deer-Mouse, a man-being in Iroquoian 

cosmology 21: 306. 
Deer People Gens 

mention of 36: 95. 

.See also Ta' I-ni-ka-shi-ga Gens. 
Deer Scapulae 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 
katcinas 21: 103. 

substitution of sheep scapulae for 
21: 85. 
Deer Songs 

of the Osage 36: 185-191; 39: 
129-137, 322-326; 45: 643 sq. 

ritual closed with 39: 328. 



300 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[EIH. ANN. 48 



Deer, White 

borrowing coat of 32: 267. 
carries boy away on antlers 32: 
354. 
Dearborn, Henry, treats with the 

Cherokee 5: 193, 195. 
Deering 46: 203. 
Deerskin 

Eskimo ceremonial objects made of 

18: 397, 404, 406, 408, 413. 
Eskimo clothing made of 18: 30, 

32, 35, 36, 38, 44. 
Eskimo hunting bag made of 18: 

167. 
Eskimo transportation apparatus 

made of 18: 217, 231. 
for sweathouses and masks in Navaho 
ceremonial must be smothered 
animals 8: 242. 
over the entrance of a Navaho sweat- 
house, sigTiification of 8: 242. 
taboo of, to the Ponca gens 27: 44. 
use of 11: 284, 299. 
Deer's Potato, medicinal use of 42: 

mo. 

Defender, a man-being in Iroquoian 

casmology 21: 234. 
Defense 

a motive for selection of dwelling 

site 8: 59. 
absence of motive for, in cliff ruins 

16: 101, 142, 153, 154, 170, 196, 

197. 
adaptation of architecture to 8: 

226. 
architecture relied upon for 8: 58. 
efficiency of, at Zuni 8: 97. 
expedients for, in cliff dwellings 16: 

170. 
features of, at Ojo Caliente 8: 69. 
features of, at Tusayan and Zuni 

compared 8: 76. 
gateways arranged for 8: 180, 182. 
home villages located for 16: 111. 
loopholes, an evidence of 16: 135. 
loopholes for 8: 198. 
method of, at Payupki 8: 59 -s^. 
methods of, adopted in war 38: 

§765. 
motive for, dying out in Zuni 8: 90 

not a factor in selection of Mashong- 
navi site 8: 67. 



Defense — Continued 

not a motive in .selection of site of 

Zuiii 8: 97. 
of hou.ses 38: §291. 
of village.^, Eskimo provision for 

18: 327 sq. 
provisions for, at Kin-tiel 8: 92, 93. 
provisions for, in Ketchipauan church 

8: 96. 
Seri methods of 17: 264* sq. 
sites chosen for, inconvenient to 

sources of subsistence 8: 77. 
the motive of occupation of Taaaiya- 

lana mesa 8: 90. 
use of Ketchipauan church for, by 

natives 8: 82. 
wall for, at Bat House 8: 52. 
wall for, at Pueblo Bonito 8: 70. 
Defenses, types of 45: 117 sq. 
Defensive 

cliff dwellings 13: 260. 
motive of Casa Grande 13: 307. 
sites, to what attributed 16: 91. 
sites of ancient Verde villages 13: 
193, 206, 208, 214, 215, 216. 
Defiance, signals for 1 : 530. 
Definitions of terms 11: 365. 
Deflectors, description of 33: 172. 
Deformation 

artificial, of the skull 46: 83, 282, 

321. 
of Guiana Indians 38: § 501-507. 
of Seri bodies 17: 264* sq. 
of the child 35: 656, 658, 662, 663, 

664, 665, 666. 
of the head, Koskimo 35: 671. 
of the head, Kwag-ul 35: 671. 
of twins 35: 675. 
Deformities, cause of 30: 187, 371. 
Deganawida, story of 48: 13. 
Deganeski, Union Cherokee leader in 

Civil War 19: 171. 
Degiha. See peglha. 
Degrees 

of the Osage rites, order of 36: 152, 

153. 
of the Osage rites, seven in number 
36: 152. 
Dehesa, Gov. Teodoro, acknowledg- 
ments to 25: xxviii, 235; 26: 

XV. 

Dehesa Collection 26: xv. 
Dehninotaton. See Down-fended. 



bonneejea] 



StJBJECT INDEX 



301 



Deities 

attitude toward 37: 279. 

day, in Maori calendar 16: 205. 

list of 37: 285. 

of the Hopi 15: 265. 

of the Siouan tribes 1 1 : 372, 445, 

506. 
oflferings to 37: 311. 
prayers to 45: 184. 
use of the term 15: 253. 
See aUo Deity, Divinities; Gods; 
Spirits. 
Deity 

Chickasaw conception of 44: 247 

sq. 
chief, of the Okanagon 45:289. 
Christian, confused with native con- 
ceptions 42: 481. 
conception of 32: 62. 
in Pima conception 26: 245, 250 

sqq. 
in Tlingit conception 26: 417, 434, 

451 sq., 454. 
names for 42: 482. 
supreme, belief in 42: 709. 
See also Cosmology; Gods; Re- 
ligion. 
Dekanawida, peace proposed by 43: 

460. 
Dekina'k !", Tlingit feast described by 

26: 438. 
Del Rio 

reference to 28: 202, 203, 204. 
ruim near 28: 201. 
Delano, A. 

on liand game, Ololopa 24: 299. 
on stick game, Ololopa 24: 248. 
on tree burial in Nebraska 1: 161. 
Delaware, Ohio, trail to 42: 786. 
Delaware Indians 
account of 14: 1095. 
adopted into League of the Iroquois 

43: 463. 
cession of land in Indiana bj' 5: 

137. 
connection of, with southern New 

England tribes 43: 214 sq. 
delegation of, to Wovoka 14: 903. 
final defeat of 14: 672. 
Ghost dance doctrine among 14: 

786, 902. 
join the Cherokee 5 : 356 sqq. 
mention of 42: 96. 



Delaware Indians — Continueil 

opposition of, to Tecumtha 14: 

684. 
See also Delawares. 
Delaware Language 

coiksonantic clusters in 28: 283. 
description of 28: 228, 275-280, 

290a, 290b. 
examples in comparison with 28: 

Abnaki 238, 284. 

Algonkin 243, 244, 261, 265, 267» 

268, 273. 
Cheyenne 286. 

Cree 238,239,243,244,251,256, 
261, 265, 267, 269, 273, 274, 
275, 284, 286. 

Cree-Montagnais 273. 

Eastern Algonquian 257, 269, 
270, 287, 288. 

Fo.\ 238, 239, 243, 244, 250, 251, 

256, 257, 259, 260 sq., 265, 267, 
270, 273, 274, 275, 283, 284, 287, 
290. 

Kickapoo 259, 267. 
Malecite 239, 269, 283. 
Menominee 239, 243, 244, 250, 

251, 257, 261, 267, 270, 273. 
Micmac 238, 256, 273, 284, 288. 
Minsi 239, 274. 
Montagnais 259, 261, 267, 269, 

286. 
Natick 239, 243, 244, 250, 265, 

269, 273, 274, 284, 286, 288. 
Ojibwa 238, 239, 243, 244, 256, 

257, 261, 265, 267, 268, 269, 270, 
273, 275, 284, 286, 288. 

Ottawa 261, 265, 267, 268, 273. 
Passamaquoddy 243, 267, 286, 

287. 
Penobscot 267, 269. 
Peoria 238, 239, 256, 257, 261, 

265, 267, 268, 270, 275, 284. 
Potawatomi 261, 268, 273. 
Sauk 259, 267. 
Shawnee 238, 239, 243, 244, 256, 

257, 261, 265, 267, 274, 283, 284, 

287, 288. 
Stockbridge 238, 284, 290. 
Turtle Mountain (Ojibwa dialect) 

239. 
formation of negative verb in 28: 



mdependent mode iu 
sq., 268, 287. 



231, 260 



302 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



!). 48 



Delaware Language — Continued 
indicative mode in 28: 273. 
reference to 28: 22.5. 
relationsliips of 28: 231, 238, 244, 

289. 
stiKh' of, by Dr. T. Michelson 34: 

16. 
subjunctive mode in 28: 246, 260, 

265, 268. 
suppositive mode in 28: 273. 
Delaware Prophet, account of the 

14: 662. 
Delaware Valley 

aTclieology of 15: xxi. 

occurrence of Iroquoian pottery in 

20: 178. 
pottery of 20: 176 sqq. 
relations of pottery of 28: 147. 
resemblance of pottery of, to that of 



Valley 



137, 1.57. 
12: 692, 



Chesapeake-Suscjuehanr 

20: 176. 
Delawares 

among the Cherokee 19 
burial of, in stone graves 

697. 
capture of Cherokee medicine liy 

19: 397, 503. 
Cherokee relations with 19: IS sq., 

373, 378 sq. 
confederation of, with Cherokee 18: 

841. 
games of the 24: 

dice games 69 sq., 105. 

hidden baU 342 sq. 

hoop and pole 421, 446 .s^. 

racket 567. 

ring and pin 537. 
genesis legend of 19: 229. 
graves in Ashland county, Ohio 5: 

47. 
habitat of the 7: 79. 
in Texas, union of, with Cherokee 

19: 143. 
in Texas, wanderings of 19: 146. 
incorporation of, with Cherokee 

19: 99, 151. 
invitations to join Cherokee ex- 
tended to 19: 105, 136. 
land cessions and reservations 18: 

596, 597, 648, 650, 656 sqq., 662 

sqq., 666 sqq., 674, 676, 678, 684- 

688, 692, 724, 740, 778, 780, 790 

sqq., 822, 824, 840. 
mode of address used to 19: 491. 



Delawares — Continued 

Moravian missionary work among 

19: 83. 
name of, for Cherokee 19: 16. 
policy of 18: 639. 
population of 7: 49; 18: 639. 
regard for snakes among 19: 458. 
remains of weirs in 13: 15. 
scarcity of pottery from 20: 157. 
Shawano early dispute witli 17: 

154. 
sketch of the 19: 497. 
trans-Mississippi migration of 19: 

99. 
Walam Olum of 17: 142; 26: 

34. 
See also Delaware Indians. 
Delgado. See Ubeda y Delgado. 
Delirium, how treated \>y the Zuni 

30: 48. 
Delisle, Guillaume, maps by 17: 

56, 63, 64. 
Dellenbaugh, F. S. 
drawings by 10: 51. 
on identification of Cibola 17: 

595. 
on manufacture of death's-head 

vases 20: 96. 
on Puaray 29: 524. 
Dellius, Godfrey, grant of land to 

18: 580. 
Delphinium Menziesii 45: 502, 

506. 
Deluge 

Cherokee myths concerning 19: 

261, 444 sq. 
Sia myth concerning 1 1 : 57. 
Tsimshian myth concerning 31: 

346-350, 862. 
Tsim.shian story of the 31:113. 
Demarcation, Line of, between In- 
dians and Eskimo on the Yukon 
46: 57, 66, 67, 82, 127, 129, 134, 
151. 
Demarcation Point, Alaska 
called Herschel Island 9: 26. 
Eskimo villages at 9: 43. 
Demarena Indians, marriage cus- 
toms of 30: 318. 
Dementia among the Pima 26: 268. 
Demere, Captain — 

commander of Fort Loudon 19: 

40. 
death of 19: 44. 



bo.nnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



303 



Demere, Captain — . — Continued 

surrender of 19: 43. 

use of drums of 19: 493. 
Demigods, absence of belief in 11: 

371. 
Demonology, definition of 15: xviii. 
Demonomy 

classification of 16: xvi. 

definition of 15: xix. 
Demons 

Eskimo belief concerning 9: 431, 
434. 

in Pima song 26: 329. 

See also Ghost; Spirits. 
Demonstrative Pronouns, Algon- 

quian 28: 232. 
Demotic 

characteristics of the Indians 15: 

LXIX. 

characters of the Seri 17: 10 sqq., 

164*-344*. 
classification of the Indians 14: 

xxvn, x.xviii, XXXVIII. 
Denaxda'x" 

mention of 35: 218. 

method of cooking mountain-goat 

skin 35: 443. 
method of cooking salmon 35: 323. 
Dendrocygna Viduata. .See Vicissi 

Duck. 
Dene 46: 130. 
Denial, mistaken, of the existence of 

sisTi language 1: 326. 
Denig, Edwin Thompson 
ant^stn.- of 48: 383 sq. 
AssLnlboln gentes given by 15: 222. 
Assiniboin manuscript of, jjrepara- 

tion of 41: 6. 
brief account of life of 46: 380 sq. 
cliaracterof 46: 382. 
contributor to Bureau 48:1189. 
Indian name of 46: 386. 
manuscript report by 44: 6. 
obituary of 48: 1221. 
on archery, Assiniboin 24: 39. 
on dice games, Assiniboin 24: 173- 

177. 
on hand and foot ball, Assiniboin 

24: 707. 
on hand game, Assiniboin 24: 316 sq. 
on racket, Assiniboin 24: 610 sq. 
on running races. Crows, Mandan 

42: 807 j,g. 
on shinny, Assiniboin 24: 036. 



Denig, Edwin Thompson — Contd. 
on shufileljoard, Assiniboin 24: 728. 
on snow-snake, Assiniboin 24: 415. 
on tossed ball, Assiniboin 24: 710. 
quoted on the Assiniboin 15: 222. 
tribes described by 46: 379. 
Deniker, J. 46: 229, 23.5, 256. 
Denison, James S., communication 

from 10: 105. 
Dennison, B. F., inclosure on farm of. 

New York 12: 510. 
Denny, L. W., burial mound on prop- 
erty of 41: 89. 
Denonville, J. B. de B., quoted on 

French policy toward Indians 

18: 546 sqq. 
Densmore, Miss Frances 

bulletin by, on Chippewa music 30; 

23. 
liuUetin by, on Teton Sioux music 

39: 24." 
collaborator of Bureau 48: 1189. 
collections made by 39: 27. 
papers by 34: 26; 36: 31; 37: 

28; 40: 17; 44: 16. 
researches in Indian music 31: 8, 

19 sg.; 32: 10. 
special researches of 32 : 27. 
study of Indian music by 38: p. 15. 
study of primitive Slovak music by 

38: p. 15 sq. 
systematic research by 33: 30. 
work of 29: 19; 30: 10, 21, 24; 

34: 21; 36: 27; 37: 21 sq.; 39: 

23; 40: 14 sq.; 41; 12 sqq., 35 

sqq., 60 sqq., 87 sqq., 112 sq.; 42: 

15; 43: 10 sq.; 44: 10-13; 45: 

10 sqq.; 46: 11 sq.; 47: 8 sqq.; 

48: 15 sq. 
Dental Arch 

Eskimo 46: 236, 264 
Yukon Eskimo 46: 162. 163. 
Yukon Indians 46: 152, 154, 155, 

157, 275. 
Dentalia 

mention of 35: 1035. 
used in weather charm 35: 624. 
Dentalium 

shells used for money 2: 191, 220, 

227, 239. 
shells used for ornament 2: 191, 

218, 220, 227. 
shells used in Inishing 2: 218, 227. 
use of 44: 148. 



304 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Dentistry 

among the Chippewa 44: 335. 
among the Eskimo 18: 310; 46: 

93. 
See also Toothache. 
Deon, acknowledgments to 14: 65.5. 
Departure and Return, Algonqviian 

pictographic notice of 10: 330. 
Departure of the Katcinas 

prominence of Eototo in celebration 

of 21: 77. 
See also Ninan. 
Depilation 

among Guiana Indians 38: § 50S. 
practice of 45: 83, 341. 
Depons, F. 

cited 30: 118, 137, 139, 161, 285, 

289, 342, 371. 
on Guacliaro caverns 30: 161 sq. 
on nijedicuie-men 30: 350 sq. 
Depressions 

artificial, at Casa Grande 13: 303. 
saucer-shaped, remains of dwellings 
41: 495. 
Depuch Island, Australia, petro- 

ghTlison 10: 162 sq. 
Derby, D. W., explorations b.v, Wis- 

consiji 12: 88, 89. 
Derion, Baptiste, Oto gentes named 

by 15: 240. 
Derision, signs for 1: 301. 
Derivation, how accomplished 1: 7. 
Derivatives, hypocoristic 40: 377. 
Deroque, on Shaw's mission 19: 71. 
Dervishes, hypnotism among the 14: 

MS. 
Des Chutes (Lower), a Waiam syno- 
nym 14: 741. 
Des Moines River 
mounds 5: 33, 34. 
roferonce to 27: 36, 72, SS, 94. 
De'sa, a Caddo synonym 14: 1092. 
J3esa,iK, Captain — 1: 210. 
Descalona, Louis, labors of, at Pecos 

14: 401. 
Descent 

among primitive peoples 15: cvii. 
among the Assiniboin 15: 225. 
among the Indians 15: 202. 
among the Mandan 15: 241. 
among the Menomini 14: 43. 
among the Navaho 17: 485. 
among the Omaha 27: 38. 
among the Pima 26: 197. 



Descent — Continued 

among the Pueblo Indians 13: 197. 
among the Sioux 15: 187,213. 
among the Tutelo 15: 244. 
conception of, from animals 37: 

197. 
explained by Stiggin 42: 114. 
Isletan 47: 202 sq., 352. 
Isletan and Keresan 47: 352. 
matrilineal 34: 88; 42: 376; 

47: 34. 
of Dakota chiefs 15: 221. 
of Osage chiefs 15: 235. 
reckoning of 37: 18.5, 192 sg.; 45: 

161. 
supposed, from the Hebrews 42: 
421. 
Descourtilz, on Antillean pictographs 

25: 148. 
Description of burial feast 1: 190, 

191. 
Descriptive Ethnology, work in 15: 
Lxxix; 17: xlviii-li; 18: XLV 
sq.; 19: xxvin sq. 
Desert 

life in, solidarity of 17: 32,37. 
solidarity, Seri failure to participate 
in 17: 1.33*. 
Desgodins, Pere — , Mo-so manu- 
script copied by 10: 673 sq. 
Deshneff, S., reports Alaska people 

with labrets 3: 92. 
Desierto Encinas, features of 17: 39 

sqq. 
Design Arrangements, comparison of 

41: 424 .■<qq. 
Design Elements 

discu.s.sion of 41: 245-258. 
distribution of 41:454-462. 
Design Fields 41:228-234. 
Design Names 

distribution of 41: i70 sqq. 
index to 41: 462-470. 
Lower Thompson 41: 471 sq. 
Upper Thompson 41: HO sqq. 
Designs 

application of, to field 41: 258-299. 
arrangements of 41:237-245. 
associated with Ghost dance 45: 

423-427. 
California, on Klickitat bags 41: 

375 sq. 
Chilcotin 41: 230, 348. 
Coeur d'Alene 45: 56-58, 77-80. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



305 



Designs — Continued 

combination of 41: 303 sq. 
considered as incomplete 41 : 258. 
curvilinear 46: 174. 
diamond 41: 244, 324 sq. 
difficulties in applying 41: 2.5S- 

261, 263. 
discussion of, Ijy informants 41: 

431-448. 
discussion of types of 41: 262. 
dream 41: 302 sq., 339, 387, 4.51. 
either geometric or realistic 41:330. 
errors in arrangement of 41: 287, 

295. 
Eskimo 46: 174. 
geometric, Chileotin 41: 348 sqq. 
geometric, description of 41: 246- 

256. 
geometric, discussion of 41: 328 

sqq. 
geometric, interpretation of 41: 

304-330. 
geometric, list of 41: 430. 
geometric, names for 41: 402-411. 
iUustrating a story 41: 256, 258. 
in imbrication 41 : 140. 
in vertical stripes 41: 242-245. 
index to sketches of 41: 473-483. 
Indian division of 41: 254, 256. 
influenced by dream 45: 428-431. 
inheritance of 41: 301. 
interpretation of 41: 304r-330, 348 

sgq., 383, 387 sq. 
Ivlickitat and Yakima 41: 357- 

360. 
Lillooet 41: 230, 339. 
Lytton 41: 331-334. 
meaning of 45: 411-415, 438 sq. 
names of 41: 358 sg. 
obsolete 41: 370 sg. 
of the Flathead group 45: 330. 
on bags 45: 226. 
on baskets 45: 226. 
on clothing 45: 337 sqq. 
on pottery 4: 78. 
reaUstic 41: 254 sq., 330 sq., 339, 

348. 
resulting from dreams 41 : 302 sq. 
selection of 41 : 300-304. 
sketched by basket maker 41: 259 

sq. 
symmetry in arrangement of 41: 

284, 286, 287, 296. 
terms descriptive of 41: 400 sqq. 



Designs — Continued 

Thompson 41: 230-233, 365, 366, 

378, 383. 
used at Guardian Spirit dance 45: 

427 sq. 
used by shamans 45: 431 sq. 
used by warriors 45 : 433-437. 
used in facial painting 45: 420- 

423. 
used in tattooing 45: 87 sq., 408- 

417. 
variations of 41: 301. 
Yakima and Klickitat 41: 357- 

360. 
Sec also Decorations; Forms. 
Desmoncas 

bush ropes 38: § 72. 
for basketry 38: § 100, 104. 
for plaited belt 38: §544. 
Despair, sobbing as an e.xpression of 

20: CXLII. 
Destruction 

of cultural remains 46: 88, 89, 90. 
of human remains 46: 97,111,181, 

363. 
of sites 46: 136. 
Determination, compressing tlie lips 

as a sign of 20: cxliii. 
Detroit 

cession of land at 18: 654. 
treaty of 18: 674 sqq., 810 sqq. 
Detroit Gazette, on wild rice as 

iMcnnial plant 19: 1025. 
Detsana'yuka, a Comanche band 

14: 1044. 
De'tsata, Cherokee fairy 19: 334 sq. 
Detsekayaa, Caddo name of the 

Arapaho 14: 953. 
Development 

of cliff dweUings 16: 198. 
of Pueblo architecture 16: 155. 
Devil, Indian idea of the 14: 1031. 
Devil-doer Tree 
effects of 30: 233. 
spirits associated with 30: 228, 233. 
Devil Spirit 

evil due to 30: 349 sq. 
flagellation 30: 331 sq., 350. 
DevUfish 

beliefs regarding 35: 614. 

boiled 35: 470. 

boiled with oil 35: 473. 

catching of 35: 185, 470, 474, 475. 

female, not boiled 35: 472. 



306 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 43 



Devilfish — Continued 
hook for 35: 151 sq- 
name of Tlingit gaming stick 26: 

443. 
scorched 35: 472. 
steamed with clams 35: 474. 
used as bait 35: 1320. 
used in Tlingit crest 26: 416. 
Devilfish, The Giant, Tsimshian 

myth of 31: 135-138, 739. 
Devilism, definition of 1 : 32. 
Devil's Claw 

in Pima l)asketry 26: 133,135. 
Pima article of trade 26: 94. 
Devil's Footprint, legend of 42: 

256. 
Devil's Garden, Fla. 5: 478. 
Devil's Lake, Siouan name of 15: 

184. 
Devil's Lake Reserve, estal)lishment 

of 18: 842. 
Devil's Shoestring 

in Cherokee lore 19: 425. 
medicinal use of 42: 658, 668. 
Devil's Tower, Iviowa mythic origin of 

17: 160. 
Devol, W. S., account by, of clifiF houses 
on Bonita Creek, reference to 22, 
i: 187. 
Devouring the Dead 
Fans of Africa 1: 182. 
Indians of South America 1 : 182 sq. 
Massageties, Padaeans, Derbices, 
Effedens, Irish and ancient Brit- 
ons 1: 182. 
Sfie cdso Cannibalism. 
Dew 

people of Zufii tradition 13: 343, 

390. 
source of 30: 260. 
terms relating to 29: 54. 
Dew Makers, employment of 42: 

631. 
Dewey, George 

explorations in Seriland by 17: 

105 sq., 200* sq. 
notes on Seri by 17: 106. 
Dewey, Lyster H., plant identified as 

Scirpashy 35: 13. 
Dhe'glha 

a|)i3lication of term 27: 605. 
.S'(f aUii pegiha. 
Dhegiha, twofold organization of 37 
181. 



Diagnosis by primitive trephiners 

16: 62. 
Diagonals 

stejiped, difficulties encountered with 

41: 290-296. 
textiles 3: 416. 
Dialects 

among Plains Indians 14: 582. 
Cherokee 19: 16, 188 sg., 506. 
of the Flathead group 45: 303. 
of the Okanagan group 45: 203. 
of Western Eskimo, distribution of 

18: 24 899. 
numerous, connected with gesture 

language 1 : 294, 306. 
.See also Language. 
Dialogues, in sign language 1: 486. 
Diamond, as an element in design 

41: 253 sg. 
Diamond Designs 41: 244, 324 sq. 
Diario, quotation of Garces from 

19: 599. 
Diarrhea 

among the Pima 26: 268. 
Arodiclidium camara as medicine for 
38: § 927. 
Diaz, President — , acknowledgment to 

26: XIV. 
Diaz (del Castillo), Bernal 
on Cempoalan 25: 233. 
on Chalchihuitl among the Mexicans 

9: 591, 592. 
on dice game, Aztec 24: 160. 
on Indian medicine women 9: 469. 
on route of Cortes 25: 244, 245. 
on Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz 25: 
243. 
Diaz, Capl. Melchior 

command of, at Corazones 14: 

484. 
death of 14: 407, 501. 
exploration by 14: 406, 480, 486, 

574; 17: 54 sq. 
in command of San Hieronimo 14: 

392. 
Niza's report investigated by 14: 

547, 553, 572. 
on Indian wig-making 9: 475. 
on location of Totonteac 19: 599. 
on Niza's discoveries 14: 383. 
ordered to verify Friar Marcos' re- 
ports 14: 363. 
position of 14: 477. 
Dibble. .See Planting Sticks. 



bonnebjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



307 



D'lberville, — , names of Taensa 

towns given by 7: 96. 
Diccionario de Motul, w ork on trans- 
lation of 22, i: XXXIII. 
Dice, Bone, buried with child 41: 

604. 
Dice Game 

antetype of 24: 383. 

canes 24: 210. 

general description of 24: 44-49. 

of the Arapaho 14: 1004 sq. 

of women 37: 122; 45: 130, 260. 

pastor 24: 105. 

played at adoption feast 40: 359. 

played by the 24: 

Algonkin 49. 

Amalecite 49 sq. 

Apache, San Carlos 86. 

Apache, White Mountain 87-91. 

Arapaho 50-58, 126. 

Ankara 97 sq., 101. 

Assiniboin 173-177. 

Awani 143. 

Bannock 159. 

Bellacoola 166. 

Beothuk 97. 

Blackfeet 56 sqq. 

Caddo 98. 

Caughnawaga 105. 

Cayuga 112 sq., 117. 

Cherokee 105. 

Cheyenne 54, 58-61, 101, 126. 

Chippewa 61-68. 

Clioctaw 146. 

Chukchansi 138. 

Clallam 155 sq. 

Clayoquot 196. 

Cocopa 199. 

Comanche 55, 126, 159 sq. 

Conestoga 105. 

Cree 68 sq. 

Crows 177 sq. 

Dakota 184 sq. 

Dakota, BruI6 179-186. 

Dakota, Oglala 179. 

Dakota, Santee 180 sq. 

Dakota, Sisseton 183 sq. 

Dakota, Teton 181 sq. 

Dakota, Wahpeton 183 sq. 

Dakota, Yankton 184, 185 sq. 

Dalles Indian 158. 

Delawares 69 sq., 105. 

Eskimo 102 sqq. 

Grosventres 70 sqq. 



Dice Game — Continued 

played by the 24 — continued 
Haida 189 sq. 
Hidatsa ISfi. 
Hopi 160-165. 
Hupa 91 sq. 
Hurons 106-110. 
Illinois 72. 
Iowa 1S6. 

Iroquois 105, 113 sqq. 
Kawchodinne 92. 
Kawia 165. 
Kekchi 141 sqq. 
Keres 119-124. 
Kickapoo 72 sq. 
Kiowa 124-130. 
Klamath 136 sqq. 
Klikitat 158. 
KwakiutI 196. 
Makah 197, 198. 
Mandan 187. 
Maricopa 201. 
Massachuset 73. 
^laya 143. 
Menominee 73 sq. 
Micmac 74-80. 
Mission Indians 204, 205. 
Missisauga 80. 
Miwok 143, 144. 
Mohave 205, 207. 
JMohawk 110 sq. 
Mono 166. 
Narraganset 180 sq. 
Natchez 146. 
Navaho 92-97, 162, 190, 222, 

223. 
Xipissing 81. 
Nishinam 154 sq. 
Nisqualli 156. 
Nootka 198, 199. 
Norridgewock 81 sq. 
Olamentke 144. 
Omaha 1S7 sq., 760. 
Onondaga 111 sqq., 117. 
Opata 146. 
Osage 188. 
Ottawa 82. 
Paiute 166 sqq. 
Papago 146 sqq. 
Passamaquoddy 82 sqq. 
Pawnee 99-102. 
Penobscot 84. 
Piegan 57, 84 sq. 
Pima 148, 152. 



308 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL EEPORTS 



[ETH. 



Dice Game — Continued 

played by the 24 — continued 

Porno" 131-136. 

Ponca 188 sq. 

Potawatomi 85. 

Prairie tribes 54. 

Quinaielt 156. 

Saboba 171. 

Sauk and Foxes 85 sq. 

Sekani 97. 

Seneca 113-119. 

Shoshoni 168-171, 178. 

Shuswap 156. 

Snohomish 156. 

Songish 157. 

Takulli 97. 

Tarahumare 152. 

Tejon 138 sq. 

Tepehuan 153 sq. 

Tewa 190, 192 sqq. 

Thompson Indians 157. 

Tigua 190 sqq., 195. 

Tlingit 130 sq., 246. 

Tobikhar (Gabrielefios) 172. 

Tobique 50. 

Tulares 145. 

Tuscarora 118. 

Twana 158. 

Ute (Uinta) 172 sq. 

Walapai 207, 208. 

Wiktchamne 139 sq. 

Winnebago 189. 

Wyandot 118 sq. 

Yakima 158. 

Yokuts 140 sq. 

Yuma 208 sqq. 

Zuaque 154. 

Zuni 46 sq., 120, 210-226. 
plum-stone game 24: 61. 
primitive game of 11: 61,178. 
quince (shepherd 's game) 24: 194. 
stave games 24: 56. 
stick dice games 24: 29, 32, 33, 

152. 
throwing game 24: 190. 
Dichrophyllum Marginatum 33 : 

99. 
Dickerman, Sumner, busk described 

by 42 : 670 .59. 
Dickson, Robert 

at capture of Mackinaw 14: 55. 
Indians under, in war of 1872 14: 

19. 



Dickson, Robert — Continued 

on dependence of fur traders on wild 

rice 19: 1103. 
on popular synonym for wild rice 
19: 1023. 
Dicotyles. Sre Bush-hog. 
Dicranum Bonjeanii, use of 44: 

289, 377. 
Dictionaries, Indian 
in preparation 27: 9. 
reference to 29: 13 sq., 23. 
Dictionary 

Geographic, of Alaska 46:178,181, 

184. 
of Sign Language, extracts from 1 : 

409. 
of the American Indian, work on 

20: XXIV. 
of the Kalispel, on gaming terni.s, 
Pend d'Oreilles 24: 250, 490. 
Dictionnaire Frangais-Onontague, 
Onondaga definition of racket f r( mi 
24: 592. 
Didapper, defeat of, by Sir William 

.Johnson 19: 203. 
Diddock, Mrs. Walter T., assistance 

rendered by 33: 46. 
Die, Serian and Yuman words meaning 

17: 338* sqq. 
Dieganos. See Diegueno. 
Diegueiio 

color schemes of 29: 42. 

In Yuma-Pima battle 26: 47. 

land cessions and reservations 18: 

788. 
population of 7: 138. 
See also Mission Indians. 
Dieriabin 46: 127. 
Diervilla Lonicera, use of 44: 289, 

342. 
Diesseldorff, E. P. 

on monster's head from Quirigua 

19: 674. 
on painting of Cuculcan 19: 678 
sq. 
Diet. .See Food. 
Dietary, Seri, estimate of 17: 214* 

sq. 
Dietrich and Konig 

on composition of wild rice 19: 

1081. 
on popular synonym for wild rice 
19: 1023. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



309 



Difference 

in pottery of different regions 4: 

427, 431. 
in styles of decoration accounted for 
2:" 328. 
Differentiation 

of labor among Indians 11: 271, 

542. 
of languages within one single stock, 

to what due 7: 141. 
of organs in the State 3: 216. 
of parts of speech 1 : 8 
Digger Indian tongue compared by 
Powers with Pit River dialects 
7: 98. 
Diggers 

application of the term 14: 1048. 
Ghost dance among the 14: 804. 
Digging Sticks 

description of 45: 91. 
for clover 35: 146. 
for cryptochiton 35: 150. 
for roots 35: 149. 
mention of 35: 118, 1S6, 188, 521. 
weighted with perforated stones 
13: 98. 
Dighton Bock., Mass. 

descriptions of 10: 86 sg., 762 sqg. 
inscriptions on 4: 20, 21, 250. 
Dillard, Jack, mound on land of 44: 

407. 
Dillard, J. H., arbitrator between 
East Cherokee and Thomas's 
creditors 19: 174. 
Diller, J. S. 

acknowledgment to 6: 21, note, 
on formations in which cavate lodges 
occur 13: 219. 
Dillon, Vince, acknowledgment to 

43: 30. 
Dimensions 

of ancient Pueblos 13: 211. 
of Casa Grande 13: 307. 
"Diminished Reserve" 
cession of 18: 824. 
establishment of 18: 824. 
Dinwiddle, William 

acknowledgments to 15: 18; 17: 

20; 20: 17. 
collections made by 41 : 72. 
crania photographed by 16: 15. 
operations of 13: xxvi, xxix. 
quarry group arranged by 15: 150. 



Dinwiddle, William — Continued 
work of 14: xxxvi; 15: xxi, 

XXV, XXVIII, XXXIII, XXXVIII, XLI, 
XLIII, L, LI, LIV, LV, LVIII, LIX, 
LXIV, LXVI, liXXIV, LXXV, 113; 

16: XX, XXII, XXIII, XXVI, xxvii, 

XXIX, XXXVIII, XLII, XLV, XLVTII, 

Lxii, Lxvii; 18: xlix; 20: lvii, 
13. 
Diomede Islands 
burial in 46: 95. 
ceremonial objects from 18: 421. 
clothing from 18: 30, 31, 34 sq., 

39, 41, 42. 
crania from 46: 256, 259. 
description of villages on 18: 256. 
dwellings in 46: 95. 
Eskimos of 46: 226, 365. 
fossil ivory culture in 46: 174. 
HrdUcka's trip to 46: 30, 87, 93, 

94, 96. 
implements and utensils from 18: 
63, 83, 84, 88, 89, 92, 102 sq., 110 
sq., 115, 127 sqq., 145, 163, 171, 
173, 179 sqq., 189, 190, 192. 
"jade" adzes from 46: 88, 96. 
Jenness's aid on 46: 95. 
Jenness's work on 46: 32, 95. 
legendary origin of people of 18: 

517 sq. 
map of 46: 212. 
old sites on 46: 95, 96. 
ornament from 46: 58. 
people of 18: 26, 27 sq. 
stone adzes from 46: 135. 
stone dwellings of 46: 172. 
toys from 18: 346 sq. 
transportation apparatus from 18: 

210, 216, 226. 
villages of 46: 209, 210. 
Diomede Islanders 46: 87, 88, 96. 
Dioscorea, "yam," cultivation of 

38: § 246." 
Diospyros Paralea, febrifuge 38: 

§ 927. 
Diplomatic Packets 4: 161, 164. 
Dipper, The, a sky deity 43: 73, 74. 
Dipper, terms for basket used as 41: 

397. 
Dipper Gourd 33: 117. 
Dippers 

collection of Indian 3: 566. 
Eskimo 18: 65-70. 
Eskimo, of horn 9: 101, 102. 



310 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Dippers — Continued 

Eskimo, of ivory 9: 103. 

from Awatobi, description of 17: 

624. 
from Pueblo ruins 22, i: 130, 133. 
handle of, cut showing 22, i: 131. 
views of 22, i: 65, 130, 133. 
See also Cups; Dipper; Mugs; Pot- 
tery. 
Dirca Palustris 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 301. 
use of 44: 289, 346, 350. 
Direction 

indicated by drawing topographic 

features 10: 341-347. 
pictographic notices of 10: 334. 
sen.se of, in primitive men and 

animals 19: 846 sq. 
See also Directions; and references. 
Directional Colors, of Zuni and Moki 

15: 208. 
Directions 

cardinal, in savagery 15: cxvii, 204. 
colors associated with 47: 344. 
five 47: 284. 
terms for 47: 284. 
See also Cardinal Directions; Car- 
dinal Points; Direction. 
Directive Markings, discussion of 

17: 167* sq. 
Director 

report of the 2: xv; 3: xiii; 10: 

iii-xxx; and passim. 
work of the 3: xxix. 
Dirks, Stone, from Santo Domingo 

34: 179 .sg. 
Dirty Little Ani 

a variant name 40: 505. 
reference to 40: 511. 
Disappearing Mist, account of 1 : 

327. 
Disapproval, frowning as a sign of 

20: cxmi. 
Discoid Stones 

as grinders and polishers 13: 94. 
described and figured 13: 99. 
used as mullers 13: 93. 
Discoidal 

found in house circle 41 : 647. 
found in mound 41: 564. 
found on temple site 41 : 509. 
used as cover for bowl 41: 547 sq. 



Discontinuance of sign language, 
circumstances connected with the 
1: 312. 
Discourses in signs 1: 521. 
Discourtesy, punishment for 30: 

226. 
Discovery 

of Casa Grande 28: 54. 
signals for 1 : 533. 
Disease 

and medicine, Cherokee tradition of 

origin of 7: 319-322. 
attributed to witchcraft 14:139. 
concept of 37: 313. 
cured by Ghost dance 14:786. 
cured by Peyote 37: 419. 
drugs used in 38: §927-930. 
Eskimo treatment of 18: 309 sq., 

432, 433. 
fear of 38: §918. 
Indian belief concerning 7:39. 
Indian ideas of origin of 14:721. 
method of treating, by Indian 

medicine-men 9: 462-468. 
myths and lore concerning 19: 

250 sqq., 281, 308, 435 sq., 502. 
new, described by James Adair 44: 

265. 
pictographic representation of 10: 

588 sqq. 
routine treatment of 38: § 919- 

926. 
theory of, of the Cherokee 7: 322 

sqq. 
treatment of, by jugglery 14: 149 

sq. 
treatment of, by sucking 14: 149. 
See also Disease, Pima, Tlingit; 
Disease and Treatment; Di- 
seases; etc.; Magic; Medicine; 
Sickness; Witchcraft. 
Disease, Pima 

cause and treatment 26: 260-267. 
in mythology 26: 214. 
prevalence of 26: 267 8?. 
songs for 26: 260-267, 299, 302- 
330. 
Disease, Tlingit, cause and treatment 

of 26: 464, 469 sg. 
Disease and Treatment 
bathing 27: 585 sqq. 
case cited 27: 487 sq. 
doctors 27: 487 sqq. 
general account of 27 : 5S2 sqq. 



BONNEKJEA 



SUBJECT INDEX 



311 



Disease and Treatment — Continue<I 
pain in liead, Ponca cure for 27: 

43. 
treatment by Pebble society 27: 

567. 
See also Magic; Plants; Wounds; 

and specific names of diseases. 
Disease-Giver 

associated with success in war. 37: 

433. 
characterization of 37: 436, 440. 
conception of 37:168,287. 
defied Ijy man 37: 309 s?. 
most sacred of spirits 37: 532. 
offering to, in War-bundle feast 37: 

429, 430, 449, 457, 467, 505. 
refusal of lilessing from 37: 302. 



atAnvik 46: .56,59. 

at Xanana 46: 43. 

attributed to dead bodies 42: 511. 

children's treatment of 42: 656, 

657, 658, 665, 666, 668, 669, 
classification of 44: 335. 
contagious, transmitted through food 

42: 519. 
diagnosed by Kila 42: 615. 
discussion of 42: 636-6.54. 
explanation of, by imputation 20: 

LI-LIV. 

glossary of, terms in relation to 45: 

466." 
instruction in treatment of 42: 

618. 
list of, with symptoms and remedies 

44: 266 899. 
mention of 46: 107, 130, 133, 134, 

171. 
new, method of dealing with 42: 

654. 
of Omaha children 3: 265. 
of the Eskimo 11: 187. 
of the Point Barrow Eskimo 9: 

39 sq. 
prevention of 42:658,659,664. 
rarity of 46: 425. 
See alxn Disease, etc.; Doctors; 

Medical Treatment; Medicine; 

Sickness. 
Dish 

beaver 35: 756. 
double-headed serpent 35: 756. 
dzo'noqiwa 35: 756. 
for pounding salal-berries 35; 59. 



Dish — Continued 

grizzly bear 35: 756. 

hair-seal 35: 756. 

killer whale 35: 756. 

sea lion 35: 756. 

wolf 35: 756. 
Dishes 

birch-bark 44: 389. 

clay 46: 173. 

Eskimo 18: 70 sqq. 

for feast 35: 325. 

from Guadeloupe 34: 135. 

house 35: 756, 764. 

large wooden, used for burials of 
infants 43: 77. 

limestone 44: 82 sqq. 

making of 35: 57 sqq. 

materials used for 42: 689. 

measurements of 35: 57 sq. 

mention of 35: 320, 360. 

of abalone shell 44: 146 sq. 

of the Seri 17: 185 sg. 

sizes of 35: 59. 

tools used by Eskimo in making 
18: 85, 89." 

wooden, l^irch-bark, Yukon 46: 
136. 

wooden, inlaid or not 46: 69, 71. 

See also Beaver; Bullhead; Double- 
headed Serpent; Dzo'noqiwa; 
Eagle; Grizzly Bear; House- 
dishes; Killerwhale; Qolos; 
Salmon; Sea Monster; Sea Ot- 
ter; Seal; Thunderbird; Whale; 
Wolf. 
Disk 

beads, specimens obtained 44: 163. 

of turtle shell, from Chevlon 22, i: 
96. 

shell ornament for arm 38: § 74. 
Disks 

from Casa Grande pottery, perfora- 
ted 28: 136. 

from Guadeloupe 34: 136. 

of clay, from Kintiel 22, i: 133. 

of clay, used as stamps 34: 235. 

of various materials from Pueblo 
ruins, list of specimens of 22, i: 
106. 

of various materials from Pueblo 
ruins, problematic use of 22, i: 
96 .sq. 

perforated 34: 123. 



312 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Disks — Continued 

pottery, eastern United States 20: 

33, 34. 
pottery, Iroquoian province 20: 

170." 
pottery. Middle Mississippi Valley 

20: 83. 
pottery, South Appalachian province 

20: 131, 141 sq. 
rolling, use of, in decorations 20: 

52. 
steatite 44: 104. 
stone 34: 75. 

use of, as Sun symbols in Hopi festi- 
vals 21: 41^ 43, 46. 
use of, to represent buttons in dress 

of katcinas 21: 88, 98. 
use of, to represent sunflowers in 
pictures of Hopi katcinas 21: 64. 
See also Ear-disks; Roulette. 
Disks, Scalloped 

probably time symbols 2: 273. 
relation of, to human remains 2: 

276. 
shell, from mounds 2: 275, 278. 
shell gorgets in the shape of 2 : 268, 

273, 279. 
stone 2: 277. 
stone, with engravings of knotted 

serpents 2: 278. 
table of 2: 280. 
the sun suggested by 2: 272. 
type example of 2: 273. 
use of sun symbols of similar shape 
2: 273. 
Diskwa'ni. See Blythe, James. 
Dismal River, reft-reiu-e to 27: 88, 91. 
Disobedience, punishment for 30: 

210 sq., 219-223. 
Dispersion of the Great Heads, Iro- 
quois myth of 2: 62. 
Disposition. See Behavior. 
Disputation (Hoopara) 33: 312, 

316, 319, 327, 620, 647, 652. 
Disputes, settlement of 42: 553,555. 
Distances 

covered by the Indians 42: 735 sq. 
how gauged 38: § 941. 
Distortion, Facial, of Peruvian cra- 
nium 16: 42. 
Distribution 

of American pottery 20: 23. 

of cliff ruins in De Chelly 16: 156 



Distribution — Continued 

of coiled basketry 41: 154. 

of Iroquoian pottery 20: 164^171. 

of masks, geographical 3: 98-120. 

of Middle Mississippi Valley potterv 
20: 80 sq. 

of parts of animals 3: 300. 

of petroglyphs in North America 4: 
19. 

of Pueblo art 4: 266. 

of stone art 13: 60. 

of stone art materials 14: 21. 

of stone implements 14: 134, 139. 
141, 149. 

of the animals, Zufii myth 2: 21. 

See also Classification. 
Distributive Numerals, Unalit, table 

of 18: 240. 
District of Columbia 

collections from 28: 20, 21. 

fabric-impressed pottery from 13: 
44, 45. 

field work in 11: xxvi. 

pottery of 20: 156 sq. 

quarry workshops of 15: 30. 
Disturnell, J., on Taos 29: 182. 
Ditch Boss, duties of 47:55." 
Ditch Dance 47: 318 sqq. 
Dithyraea used in ceremonies 30: 

91. 
Ditsa'kana, a Comanche band 14: 

1044. 
Dius, beliefs concerning 47: 341. 
Diversion, use of pottery for, among 

/Vmerican aborigines 20: 24 sq. 
Diversities in signs, classes of 1: 341. 
Diversity of Language 1 : 28 
Divination 

cultural stages of 23: xxi, xxii. 

in savagery 16: 21. 

of the .\ntilleans 25: 60 sg., 63. 

with grains and seeds 9: 454, 532, 
533. 
Divine Ones 

assistance rendered by 23: 25, 26. 

creation of 23: 24. 

opening of the earth by 23: 25. 
Diving 

contest in Menomini myth 14: 189. 

for fish 38: § 185. 

of the Omaha 3: 341. 

ordeal for Carib captain 38: § 748. 
Divining Dance, brief description of 
46: 564. 



bonserjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



313 



Divining Man 

application of the term 46: 491. 
dress of 46: 586. 
.Sec also Doctors; Priests. 
Divining Rod, use of 43: 275. 
Divinities 

Indian, references to 29: 41, 201. 
Siouan 11: 506, 513. 
.See also Deities; Gods; Liegends; 
Mythology; Spirits. 
Division of Labor 

among tlie Pima 26: 200. 
Ijetween the sexes, in wild rice 
industry 19: 1066. 
Divisions 

of sign language 1 : 270. 

of the Osage, accidental 36: 45. 

of the Winnebago, "functions of 

37: 183, 187. 
of the Winnebago, mention of 37: 

185. 
tribal 39: 82, 84. 
See also Clans; Gentes; Moieties; 
Phratries; Towns. 
Divorce 

among the Creeks 42: 376 s??. 
among the Eskimo 9: 411 sq.; 

11: 189. 
among the Guiana Indians 38: 

§808. 
among the Kiowa 17: 233. 
among the Pueblo Indians 14: 521. 
among the Siouan tribes of California 

42: 700. 
and separation 47: 237. 
attitude toward 47: 135. 
reference to 40: 321, 323, 325, 342, 

343. 
right of 46: 512. 
status of 27: 326. 
Sec also Marriage {separation after). 
Dix River, trail along 42: 800. 
Dixon, — 

reference to Sitka labrets by 3 : 88. 
statement of, as to Alaskan burial 
3: 96. 
Dixon, Dr. Roland B. 

acknowledgment to 29: 12. 
material collected by 24: 257, 258, 
297, 307, 332, 494, 553, 633, 661, 
662, 703. 
on double ball, Achomawi 24: 703. 
on double ball, Shasta 24: 662. 
on football, Achomawi 24: 703. 



Dixon, Dr. Roland B. — Continued 
on four-stick game, Achomawi 24: 

332. 
on hand game, Achomawi 24: 307. 
on hand game, Maidu 24: 297. 
on hoop and pole, Achomawi 24: 

494. 
on shinny, Achomawi 24: 633. 
on stick game, Achomawi 24: 257. 
quoted on Ohio mounds 37: 76. 
reference to 43: 219, 223. 
researches of 23: xv, xxv, xxxiv. 
work of 24: xxiii, xxvi; 26: 

XXI, XXVI. 

Dixon, Ky., trail over site of 42: 805. 
Dixon's Creek, fortified town on 41 : 

496. 
Djaqt!a'iq!-qa, a Tlingit mythological 

being 26: 461. 
Djilqo't. See Chilkoot. 
Djogeon. See Dwarf People. 
Do Campo. See Campo. 
D6-a, medicine game 17: 347. 
Doaks Stand, treaty of 18: 700 sqq. 
DoakvUle, treaty of . 18: 764 sqq. 
Doanquod, grant of land to 18: 686. 
Dobrizhoffer, father M., quoted on 
Indian medicine-men 9: 459-463. 
Dobbs, — 

grant of land by 18: 629. 
on Cherokee and Catawba popula- 
tion 19: 39. 
Dobbs, Arthur 
grant by 5: 145. 
on Eskimo habitat 7: 73. 
on Quivira 29: 566. 
Doc. Coll. Hist. New York, on Meno- 

mini popluation 19: 1049. 
Doc. of House of Rep. on Menumini 

use of wild rice 19: 1049. 
Docduc land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 786. 
Dock 

bitter, use of 44: 292, 350. 
used in ceremonies 30: 98. 
used in folklore 30: 85. 
used in medicine 30: 59. 
yellow, use of 44: 292. 
See also Rumex Crispus; Rumex 
Obtusifolius. 
Dock-spus, a Tlikspii'sh synonym 14: 

743. 
Doctoring. See Medicine. 



314 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 48 



Doctors 

activities of 46: 443. 

beliefs concerning 42: 626 sq. 

character of 46: 492. 

claims of, concerning spirits 42: 

626. 
Esliimo 9: 422 sq. 
fear of 46: 485. 
insignia of 42: 618, 621. 
office of 46: 492 sq. 
official position of 44: 263. 
part taken by, in Hako ceremony 

22, u: 19. 
payment to 46: 423, 424. 
punishment for failure of 42: 631. 
specialization among 42: 638. 
supernatural fights of 42: 626 sq. 
training of 42: 617 sq., 619 sq. 
treatment of sick by 27: 487 sgq.; 

42: 622, 623, 625. 
white, employment of 47: 245. 
witchcraft cured by 42:634. 
See also Diseases; Divining Man; 
Medical Practice; Medicine- 
Men; Priests. 
Doctress, Sia 11: 133. 
Doctrine of the Ghost dance 14: 777 
Dodd, Brown & Co., of St. Louis, 
Missouri, obtain clay image 12: 
225. 
Dodder, vine used for divining the 

fidelity of a suitor 33:110. 
Dodecatheon Jeffreyi 45: 506,507. 
Dodge, .Ir/ent — , recommendation by, 
concerning Walker River and Pyra- 
mid Lake reserves 18: 873. 
Dodge, Gov. — , on Menomini use of 

wild rice 19: 1049. 
Dodge, C. A., collection of pottery liy 

4: 430. 
Dodge, Chee, blanket presented by 

41: 116. 
Dodge, Col. Henry 

material collected by 24: 48. 
presence of, with dragoons in 1834 
17: 264. 
Dodge, J. R., cited 30: 41, 47. 
Dodge, Col. Richard Irving 

at Fort Gibson council (1834) 17: 

169. 
at Fort Gibson council (1837) 17: 

170. 
on abbreviations of signs 1 : 339. 
on aboriginal calendars 17; 143, 



Dodge, Col. Richard Irving — Contd. 
on arrow chipping 13: 142. 
on arrow mounting 13: 178. 
on barbed and barbless arrows 13: 

150. 
on ceremonial objects 13: 116. 
on classification of arrows 14: 

278. 
on dice games, Cheyenne 24: 60 sq. 
on hand game, Comanche 24: 309. 
on hide-dressing with adze 13: 

169 sq. 
on identity of sign language 1: 316, 

335. 
on iron-tooth club 13: 144. 
on Kiowa tribal sign 17: 150. 
on pipes of Plains tribes 13: 128. 
on ring and pin, Cheyenne 24: 532 

sq. 
on shinny, Nez Percfe 24: 632. 
on .stone implements in pemmican 

making 13: 88. 
on use of hammerstones by Sioux 

13: 95. 
Dodge County, Nebr., reference to 

27: 100. 
Do-do"'-ho"'-ga 

authority of 39: 279. 

chosen leader of war party 39: 

107, 109, 111. 
duties of 39: 107, 144, 279. 
songs referring to 39: 120-123. 
wailing of 39: 138. 
Do-edalte, correction of T6-6dalte to 

17: 445. 
Dog 

acts as guide 32: 121. 
as a pack animal 42: 736. 
basketry design 38: § 445. 
buried with the master 38: § 849, 

860. 
castration of 38: § 719. 
Cherokee myths concerning the 

19: 261, 265, 280, 453. 
Cherokee use of, for food 19: 25, 

26. 
disease caused by 26: 263. 
domestic curs 38: §721. 
Eskimo behefs concerning character 

of 18: 438 sq. 
Eskimo employments of 18: 211. 
for quail 38: § 181. 
for turtle 38: §215, 



bonnerjea] 



StJBJECT INDEX 



315 



Dog — Continued 

great power given to owner of 32: 

256. 
habits of the 1 1 : 225, 245. 
hair of 35: 1317. 
harness and accoutrements, Eskimo 

18: 209 sqq. 
hunting with 38: § 155. 
in Iroquoian cosmology 21: 153. 
inPimalegend 28: 61. 
in Pima mythology 26: 212. 
in Pima song 26:315»5. 
in Tlingit funeral ceremony 26: 

430. 
in Tlingit mythology 26: 432, 433 
indigenous 38: § 717, 718. 
magic 32: 158. 
name of Tlingit gaming stick 26: 

444. 
names in the Winnebago clan 27: 

201,211,229. 
ordeals for 38: § 162. 
restored to life 32:473. 
Serian, Yuman and Piman names for 

17: 297*, 342* sg. 
signs for 1: 321,387. 
skin taken oflF of 35: 1256. 
skull of, found at Chaves Pass ruin 

features of 22, i: 27. 
Stone Coat's 32: 178. 
Tlingit charm 26: 453. 
trails scent in air 32 : 470. 
turns to stone 32: 472. 
use of, by Eskimo 1 1 : 241, 309. 
use of, by Pima 26: 84. 
whip, Eskimo 11: 244. 
wins ball game dressed as man 32: 

235. 
wins foot race dressed as man 32: 

233. 
See also Dogs. 
Dog Clan, native name for 42: 116. 
Dog Creek, remains on 41: 496. 
Dog Dance 35: 895. 
Dog Disease, symptoms and treatment 

of 42: 641. 
Dog-ear Symbol in the codices 16: 

239. 
Dog-eye Symbol in Mexican codices 

16: 242. 
Dog Fat. SeeSa'riyo. 
05719° — 3.3 21 



Dog-fish 

skin of, for polishing 35: 104, 108. 
source of Tlingit personal names 
26: 422. 
Dog-fish Village 46: 69, 81. 
Dog Flea, string figure of 38: § 639. 
Dog Images, sacrifice of 16: 211. 
Dog King, young people corrected by 

42: 364. 
Dog-like Animals in the codices 16: 

226, 229. 
Dog Men 

a Cheyenne division 14: 1026. 
an Arapaho warrior order 14: 988. 
Dog Rib, population of 7: 55. 
Dog Ritual, terminal 37:432. 
Dog River Indians, a Kwikwulit 

synonym 14: 741. 
Dog-salmon 

backbones of 35:226,229 s?. 
cheeks of 35: 231-234. 
customs relating to 35: 609. 
cutting of 35:223,224,229,306. 
first of season 35:302,350. 
fishing for 35: 223,224. 
head of, roasted 35:234. 
middle piece of 35: 225. 
pectoral fins of 35: 230 s?. 
quarter-dried 35: 236. 
refuse of 35: 304. 
roasting of 35: 223 sqq., 305. 
spawn of 35: 235. 
split 35: 227 sqq. 
tail of 35: 226. 
Dog Soldiers 

insignia of the 14: 987. 
sketch of the 14: 986. 
Dog-star 

a sky deity 43: 74. 
mention of 43: 92. 
Dog Warrior 

an influential chief 42: 323. 
chief of Upper towns 42: 322. 
Dog Whippers, function of 42: 528. 
Dogbane 

roots of 44: 326. 

use of 44: 286, 336, 375; 45: 

497, 49S. 
.See also Apocynum Androsamifo- 
lium. 
Dogs 

amongthe Kiowa 17:1.53. 
among the Navaho 17:484. 
the Ponca 27: 49, 79. 



316 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNLTAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Dogs — Continued 

and sledges of the Eskimo 6: 529- 
538. 

as beasts of liurden 15: 174. 

attempt to save master by obstruct- 
ing pursuer 32: 293. 

burial of, witli owner 30: 149, 157. 

ceremonial eating of 14: 111; 15: 
170; 46: 489, 491. 

ceremonial killing of 15: 303; 40: 

convey boys on journey 32: 292. 

description of 45 : 350. 

discovery of 27: 72. 

eating of 45: 237, 242. 

eating of, at feast 37: 329. 

feast on, at Soldier's dance 46: 

563. 
food of, restrictions 30: 292, 298, 

320. 
game caught by, restrictions 30: 

319. 
in Menomini myth 14: 179, 194. 
legend of 30: 151. 
legendary guardians of the Chicka- 
saw 44: 178, 180. 
magic power of 32: 193. 
medicines for 45: 513 sq. 
mention of 46: 40, 43, 49, 50, 62, 

73, 95, 103, 108, 109, 111, 114, 

116, 319. 
mention of, in connection with 

Coronado expedition 14: 401, 

405, 407. 
names of 30: 307. 
of the Eskimo 9: 357-360. 
ordeals of 30: 280 sq. 
preparation of, for eating 40: 40, 

41. 
preparation of, for hunting 30: 

282. 
protectors against enemies and witch- 
craft 35: 835. 
representation of, Florida mortuary 

pottery 20: 124. 
representation of, Iroquoian pipes 

20: 174. 
restored to life 32: 221. 
sacrifice of 37: 428, 438, 451, 527. 
skin of, Eskimo clothing made of 

18: 31, 39, 40. 
stories told of 42: 489, 496. 
superstitions concerning 42: 628. 
trade in 38: § 827. 



Dogs — Continued 

training of 30: 282 s?.; 38: §719, 

720. 
use of, as food 42: 693, 694. 
use of, by Coeur d'Alene 45: 109. 
use of, by Plains Indians 14: 504, 

507, 52"7, 570, 578; 46 110. 
use of, for transportation 45: 249, 

352. 
use of, in ceremony 40: 504, 511, 

535. 
use of, in hunting 45: 243, 344. 
words for, and horse, comparison of 

15: 174. 
Sec alao Dog; Ya''pahe. 
Dog's Revenge, a Dakota fable 1: 

587. 
Do'gu'at, Kiowa name of the Wichita 

14: 1095. 
Dogwood 

blossoms of, in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 282. 
clan name from 30: 86. 
medicinal use of 42: 660. 
red 33: 107. 
rough 33: 108. 
use of 44:288,377; 45:472,475, 

495. 
use of, in basketry 41: 145. 
use of, in ceremonies 30: 98. 
.See also Cornus Alternifolia; 
Cornus Bugosa. 
Dogwood, Pacific 45: 461, 496. 
Dogwood, Red-Osier, use of 44: 

288, 360, 369, 377; 45: 490. 
Dogwood, Western, use of 45: 490. 
Dogwood Berries, picking of 35: 

220. 
Dogwood Clan, reference to 47: 910. 
Doha. Sec Dohasan. 
Dohasan, Kiowa chief 

account of 17: 164, 233, 259, 263. 

death of 17: 180, 318. 

expedition accompanied by, in 1834 

17: 262. 
in war party against Mexicans 17: 

302. 
in Washita council of 1872 17: 191. 
on expedition against Pawnee 17: 

293. 
portrait of 17: 175. 
speech of 17: 176. 
surrender of 17: 211. 
treaty signed by, 1837 17: 269. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



317 



Dohasan, Kiowa chief — Continued 
treaty signed by, 1865 17: 179. 
visit to Fort Gil)Son by 17: 172. 
Dohasan Calendar 

description of 17: 143, 144. 
whereabouts of 17: 146. 
Dohate. .See Dohasan. 
D6hente 

conduct of Sun dance hy 17: 337. 
deatli of 17: 340. 
Doherty, Colonel — , expedition against 

Cheroliee under 19: 75. 
Dohon, Kiowa name of the Mandan 

17: 159. 
Do"kana, Comanche name for Wichita 

14: 1095. 
Dolbeare, Hannah, mention of 43: 

224. 
Dolichocephalic Type in the South- 
west 42: 677. 
Dolicos, for tying rafts 38: § 802. 
Doll and Aschers, on scientific syno- 
nym for wild rice 19: 1021. 
DoUs 

ceremonial making of 15: 283,286, 

288. 
Corn-maid, of the Hopi 17: 704. 
curative powers of 30: 331, 347. 
description of 30: 331, 350. 
distribution of, in Powamu festival 

21: 31, 39. 
distribution of, to children 1 5 : 288, 

308. 
festival of, Esliimo 18: 379. 
fetish, Eskimo 18: 441. 
figure showing 30: 332. 
Hopi, symbolism of 16: 301. 
Hopi representation of gods by 21: 

15. 
identification of 30: 331. 
Kachina, given to children 47: 131. 
making of 40: 297, 338. 
of bark 46: 170. 
of ivory 46: 78. 
of the Chippewa 44: 379. 
of the Eskimo 11: 197, 2.58; 18: 

202, 342-345. 
of the Eskimo children 9: 380 sq. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: §614. 
symbolism of 15: 264. 
use of 32: 77. 
use of, as fetishes 47: 718. 
See also Cemi; Figurine. 
Dolmens in Japan 1: 115. 



Dolores Mission, reference to 28: 

54. 
Dolphin, legends of the 30: 242. 
Domank'Iago, Kiowa name of the 

Pawnee 17: 259. 
Domenech, L'Abbf Emmanuel 
cited 4: 251. 
on Acoma 29: 544. 
on Cuyamunque 29: 544. 
on Laguna 29: 541. 
on Nambo Pueblo 29: 358. 
on Pojoaque 29: 334. 
on Tesque 29: 387. 
reference to Casa Blanca by 16: 80. 
Domestic 

customs, Indian 11: 119, 178, 183, 

185, 205, 275, 299. 
etiquette among the Omaha 3: 262. 
implements of vegetal substances 

from Zuni 2: 370. 
life among the Omaha 3: 258-275. 
life of the Eskimo 9: 410-421. 
Domestic Animals of the Hopi 17: 

731. 
Domestic Implements and Requi- 
sites of the Guiana Indians 38: 
p. 273-399. 
Domestic Pottery 

eastern United States 20: 25 sqq. 
eastern United States, absence of 

coloration in 20: 64, 66. 
Florida Peninsula 20: 118 sq. 
Gulf Coast 20: 104. 
mention of 4: 272, 283, 306, 371. 
Middle Atlantic province 20: 148 

sqq. 
Middle Mississippi Valley 20: 83. 
New Jersey-New England province, 
condition of, on exhumation 20: 
175. 
South Appalachian province 20: 

132, 136. 
See also Uses. 
Domestic Service, Guiana women in 

38: § 902. 
Domestication of Animals 15: 

xcviii, 170; 38: p. .551-556. 
Dominica 

agricultural race in 34: 26. 
Carib still living in 34: 124. 
celt from 34: 131. 
culture area of 34: 123-128. 
number of specimens from 34: 49. 
old negro culture in 34: 124. 
sacred lake of 34: 124. 



318 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 



Dominical Days 19: 705 sq. 
Dominguez, — 

cited oil establishment of post at 

Pitic 17: 72. 
quotations from dictionary of 14: 
545. 
Doniinoes, primitive game of 11: 

257. 
Donado, ecclesiastical use of term 1 4 : 

400. 
Donaldson, — , on the Iroquois 19: 

4S5. 
Donaldson, Thomas 
on Cochiti 29: 440. 
on Poguate 29: 539. 
on San Juan 29: 213. 
on Sia 29: 518, 519. 
reference to work of 11: 501. 
Donaldson Place, village site on 15: 

69. 
Done, finished, signs for 1: 513, 522, 

528. 
Donehoo, Rev. George P., investiga- 
tions of the Pennsylvania tribe.? by 
31: 8; 32: 10. 
Donelson, Col. John 

emigration party under 19: 56. 
on the Suck 19: 464. 
Donelson, S., grant of land to 18: 

671. 
Doney, Benjamin, objects collected 
by, from Arizona Pueblo 22, i: 
39, 49 sg. 
Doniphan's Expedition, reference to 

28: 68. 
Donkeys among the Pima 26: 86. 
Door Frames of Navaho houses 17: 

492. 
Doors 

of Eskimo houses 18: 243, 244. 
of various kinds, description of 8: 

182-194. 
string figure of 38: § 643, 681. 
to ground floor rooms of Zuni 8: 
143. 
Doorway 

annular 8: 193. 

how sealed against intrusion 8: 110. 

in form of raven 35: 1119. 

Kin-tiel 8: 93. 

ornamented with skulls 31: 395. 

position of, in Tusayan 8: 103. 

separate 32: 118. 

stepped form, in Tusayan 8: 109. 



Doorway — Continued 
use of 32: 75. 
Walpi kiva, clo.sed with Cottonwood 

slab 8: 64. 
window and chimney in one 8: 121. 
Doorways 

Casa Grande 13: 314. 

cavate lodges 13:222,251. 

closed with masonry 8: 183, 187, 

188, 189. 
in cliff dweUings 13: 347; 16: 102, 

111, 125, 128, 134, 140, 145, 151. 
notched, in cliff dweUings 16: 138, 

164. 
of cavate homes 17: 543,552. 
partially closed 16: 165. 
why made small 8: 197. 
See also Openings. 
Doorways and Windows, of Casa 

Grande 28: 81, 85 sq. 
Doracho, cist burial 1: 115. 
Dorakuara 

Odontophorus, called 38: § 180. 
usually among the first birds to be 
heard in the morning 38: § 869. 
Doran, A. J. 

affidavit of 15: 335. 
contract with, for Casa Grande 
repair 15: 334. 
Dorantes, Andres 

remains in Mexico to conduct 

explorations 14: 349. 
survivor of Narvaez Expedition 14: 

348. 
traces of, found by Coronado 14: 

505, 506. 
travels of 14: 474. 
Dorantes, Francisco 

mistake for Andres Dorantes 14: 

348. 
See also Cabeza de Vaca. 
Dorasque, Panama, method of form- 
ing numbers 19: 917. 
Dorchester's Indian Policy 18: 

604, 605. 
Dorland, Dr. W. A. N., cited 30: 62. 
Dorman, Rushton M. 
cited 12: 609, 675, 676. 
cited on Peruvian priests 9: 456. 
Dorsey, Dr. George A. 

acknowledgments to 24: 29 sq.; 

29: 12. 
ancient popguns excavated by 24: 
758. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



319 



Dorsey, Dr. George A. — Continued 
Arapaho legend by 24: 619. 
information furnished by 24: 167. 
material collected by 24: 58, 70, 

72, 85, 95, 99, 100, 101, 102, 131, 

132, 133, 136, 137, 138, 177, 185, 

188, 250, 268, 275, 278, 279, 282, 

286, 290, 291, 292, 302, 305, 308, 

311, 313, 318, 329, 330, 333, 358, 

443, 444, 447, 468, 470, 472, 479, 

480, 481, 490, 497, 537, 550, 555, 

615, 625, 632, 642, 657, 659, 736, 

741. 
models of altars preparer! under 

direction of 19: XLviii. 
name of game suggested by 24: 

527 sq. 
on archery 24: 

Arapaho 384. 

Makah 395, 396. 

Wichita 396. 
on ball juggling, Shoshoni 24: 713. 
on cat's cradle, Teton Dakota 24: 

762. 
on dice game 24: 

Assiniboin 177. 

Blackfeet 58. 

Gros ventres 70, 71, 72. 

Klamath 138. 

Makah 198. 

Navaho 95. 

Pawnee 101. 

Pomo 132. 

Ponca 188 sq. 

Skushash 137. 

Uinta Ute 173. 

Yankton Dakota 185, 186. 
on double ball 24: 

Klamath 659. 

Pawnee 658. 

Wichita 658. 
on four-stick game 24: 

Klamath 329. 

Paiute 333. 
on hand game 24: 

Arapaho 268. 

Haida 318. 

Klamath 292 sq. 

Kutenai 286. 

Makah 322. 

Wasco 282. 

Wichita 278, 279 sq. 
on hidden ball, Yankton Dakota 

24: 318. 



Dorsey, Dr. George A. — Continued 
on hoop and pole 24: 

Arapaho 443. 

Arikara 462. 

Blackfeet 444. 

Caddo 462 sq. 

Grosventres 429, 447. 

Hopi 497 sq. 

Klamath 479-482. 

Makah 522. 

Pawnee 468 sq. 

Wasco 478. 

Wichita 470 sq. 
on Quicha ceremony 19: 453. 
on racket, Yanktonai Dakota 24: 

614. 
on ring and pin 24: 

Assiniboin 555. 

Grosventres 537. 

Klamath 550. 

Makah 559 sq. 

Pomo 550. 

Shoshoni 554. 
on shinny 24: 

Arikara 462, 624. 

Grosventres 621 sq. 

Makah 644. 

Pawnee 658. 

Wichita 626 sgq. 
on shuttlecock, Makah 24: 719. 
on snow-snake. Pawnee 24: 409. 
on stick game 24: 

Makah 264. 

Puyallup 250. 
on tops 24: 

Klamath 741. 

Makah 749. 

Tsimshian 736. 
pottery found at Homolobi by 22, 

i: 28, note. 
Skidi Pawnee myth related by 24: 

730. 
somatologic observations of 23: 

XIX. 

Wichita legends related by 24: 

804 sq. 
work of 26: xxiv. 
Dorsey, Reo. James Owen 
acknowledgments to 7: 142. 
a Study of Siouan Cults by 11: 

361. 
Biloxi material of 30: 19. 
Catawba work by 7: 112; 15: 

159. 



320 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN 



Dorsey, Rev. James Owen — Contd. 
cited concerning Omaha names 10: 

92. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
correction of error concerning Great 

Spirit 15: 182. 
edition of Riggs's Dakota Grammar 

by 24: 228. 
explanation of Osage records by 

10: 251. 
linguistic work of 1: xvii; 5: 

xxxii; 6: XLViii; 14: xl, xlv; 

29: 23. 
list of clans by 37: 191. 
list of names by 27: 221. 
memoir by, on Siouan mythology 

15: xcix, 205-244. 
mistaken denial of signs 1 : 326. 
monograph by 37: 181. 
notes on Indian personal names by 

10: 446. 
obituary of 16: lxxxii; 48: 1221. 
office work of 6: XLViii. 
Omaha Sociology, paper on 3: 

205-370. 
on archery game 24: 

Dakota 392 sq. 

Omaha 393 sq. 

Teton Dakota 392 sq. 
on Biloxi-Siouan affinity 15: 159. 
on bull-roarer, Teton Dakota 24: 

750. 
on buzz implements, Teton Dakota 

24: 757. 
on Crow habitat 7: 114. 
on dice games, Omaha 24: 187 sq. 
on double ball, Omaha 24: 663. 
on early Teton habitat 15: 190. 
on former Siouan habitat 15: 173. 
on former unification of 0egiha 

tribes 15: 191. 
on grouping of Siouan tipis 15: 

172. 
on hidden ball, Omaha 24: 366. 
on history of Siouan tribes 15: 189. 
on hoop and pole, Omaha 24: 514 

sqq. 
on hoop and pole, Teton Dakota 

24: 508. 
on Indian customs 4: 52, 84, 86, 

165, 167, 197. 
on Indian religious concepts 14: 39. 
on linguistic evidence of migration 

15: 199. 



D«rsey, Rev. James Owen— Contd. 
on manufacture of pottery by Oma- 

has 20: 187 sq. 
on meaning of Absaruke 15: 198. 
on minor amusements, Teton Dako- 
ta 24: 715 sq. 
on Oniaha-Arikara alliance 7: 60. 
on Omaha dwellings, furniture and 

implements 13: lv, 263-288. 
on Omaha game 14: 1008. 
on Omaha sociology 15: 228. 
on Osage population in 1873 15: 

193. 
on Pacific Coast tribes 7: 54. 
on Ponca population in 1871 15: 

192. 
on popgun, Teton Dakota 24: 

759. 
on popular synonym for wild rice 

19: 1023. 
on ring and pin, Teton Dakota 24: 

557. 
on "Seven Council" fires 15: 167. 
on shinny, Omaha 24: 641 sq. 
on Siouan camping circles 14: 

1058. 
on Siouan divisions 15: 159. 
on Siouan government 15: 188. 
on Siouan medicine 9: 452. 
on Siouan myths 19: 432, 433, 

440, 448, 449, 452, 456, 459, 463, 

465, 474. 
on Siouan names for the Sioux 14: 

1057. 
on Siouan ordination 15: 178. 
on Siouan organization 15: 187. 
on Siouan totems and sachems 1 5 : 

184. 
on snow-snake, Omaha 24: 417, 

419. 
on stick games, Omaha 24: 259. 
on stick games, Teton Dakota 24: 

258. 
on swing, Teton Dakota 24: 731. 
on tipcat, Teton Dakota 24: 721. 
on tops, Teton Dakota 24: 746. 
on unclassified games, Teton Dakota 

24: 783. 
operations of 13: xxvi, xxxiii, 

xxxix. 
paper by, on Osage traditions 6; 

373-397. 
publication of memoirs by 17: 

LVl. LVII. 



bonnekjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



321 



Dorsey, Rev. James Owen — Coiitd. 
remarks respecting Osage traditions 

by 6: LV, LVi. 
report by, on use of colors by the 

Osage' 10: 221. 
review of report by 11: XLiii. 
Siouan language studied by 15: 

168. 
sketch of life of 15: 207. 
studies of, in Amerindian symbolism 

20: 100. 
study of fraternities and cults by 

19: XLViii. 
Takilman researches of 7: 121. 
Tonty's Kwapa villages identified by 

15": 193. 
value of researches of 15: 183. 
work of 2: xx; 3: xxv; 8: 

XXVIII sq.; 9: xxxvii; 10: 

xviii sq.; 11: xxiv, xxxi; 

15: XXII, xxv, XXX, xxxiv, 

XXXIX, XLI, XLIII, XLIV, XLV, 
LIII, LVII, LXI, LXIV, LXVII, 
LXXIII, LXXIX, LXXXIII, XCVIl; 

16: XX, XXIV, XXVII, xxxi, 

XXXVI, XXXVIII, L.XXI, LXXIII ; 

25: XVIII. 
Yakonan researches of 7: 142. 
Dotames, identification of 17: 166. 
Dots connected with Maya glyphs 

16: 223, 224, 235, 238, 241, 243, 

254. 
Doty, Governor — 

on dependence of fur trade on wild 

rice 19: 1104. 
on dependence of fur traders on wild 

rice 19: 1103. 
on Ojibwa eating wild rice in season 

with rabbit feces 19: 1084. 
Doty Island, Winnebago village on 

37: 51, 80, 87. 
Double Ball 

general description of 24: 561,562, 

647 sqq. 
played by the 24: 

Achomawi 648, 661. 

Arikara 657. 

Cheyenne 647, 649. 

Chippewa 648, 650 sq. 

Cree 648, 652 sq. 

Dakota, Santee 663. 

Hopi 648 sq. 

Hupa 648, 656 sq. 

Kaoni 660 sq. 



Double Ball — Continued 

played by the 24 — continued 

Klamath 648, 659. 

Maricopa 665. 

Menominee 653. 

Missisauga 648, 653 sq. 

Nishinam 661. 

Omaha 648, 663. 

Paiute 647, 662. 

Papago 648, 659 sq. 

Pawnee 657 sq. 

Pima 648, 660. 

Plains tribes 647. 

Sauk and Foxes 647, 654 sq. 

Shasta 648, 662. 

Shoshoni 648, 662. 

Tarahumare 648. 

Tepehuan 660. 

Ute (Uinta) 663. 

Wasama 659. 

Washo 664. 

Wichita 647, 658. 

Wintun 658. 

Yurok 664. 
Double Buttes 

dances held near 26: 205. 
mortar cavities at 26: 99. 
Double-head (1) 

expedition against Knoxville under 

19: 75. 
hostility of, in 1794 19: 76. 
killing of 19: 85. 
progressive leader 19: 83. 
reservation for 19: 85. 
treaty signed by (1806) 19: 85. 
Double-head (2) 

Cherokee chief, secret agreement 

with 5: 191, 192, 193. 
grant for 5: 192, 193. 
leader in war with Creeks (?) 19: 

384. 
Double-head (3) 

cessation of reserve for 18: 684. 
reservation for 18: 671. 
Double-head Tract, controversy re- 
specting 5: 192. 
Double-headed Dance. 
description of 42: .532. 
mention of 42: .524. 
Double-headed Serpent 

carving of 35: 805, 806, 1119. 
dance 35: 959, 1085. 
dish 35: 805, 849, 901, 1023, 1025. 
mask of 35: 953. 



322 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Double-headed Serpent — Coiitd. 
mention of 35: 812,820,952,1117. 
representation of 35: 816. 
sickness produced by spearing 35: 
1118. 
Double Mountain House Group, 

customs of 44: 207. 
Double-Star, a sky deity 43: 74. 
Double Woman, mythic 1 1 : 480. 
Doubt, sign for 1: 512. 
Dougherty, — 

on firearms 13: 288. 
on games with cards 3: 341. 
on horse equipage 13: 280. 
on killickinnick 3: 310. 
on marriage customs 3: 259, 263. 
on number of children 3: 264. 
on Omaha bow-wood 13: 285. 
on Omaha child-bearing age 3: 267. 
(iM phinistcme shooting 3: 334. 
Dougherty, Cornelius 

fstal)Ushnient of, as trader among 

Cherokee 19: 31. 
Waflford 's relationship with 19: 238. 
Doughnuts, preparation of 30: 71. 
Douglas, General — , defeat of Texas 

Cherokee by 19: 145. 
Douglas, Professor — , remarks by, on 

cup sculptures 10: 198. 
Douglas, Dr. A. E., date fixed by, 

from charred timbers 48: 10. 
Douglas Fir 

medicinal use of 45: 474, 494, 505. 
use of, as food 45: 483. 
Douglas Spruce, use of, in ceremonies 

30: 97. 
Douglass, — , report concerning Paiute 

timl^er reserve by 18: 833. 
Douglass, James, visit of, to Big Bone 

Lick 42: 790. 
Douglass, W. B. 

data collected bj' 29: 20. 
on Bald Mountain 29: 125. 
Douseraan, H. L., mound on land of 

12: 68. 
Dove, in Pima tales 26: 245, 250. 
Dove Clan. See HuwG. 
Doves, Two Little, story about 43: 

349-353. 
Dow, Lorenzo 

on the Kentucky revival 14: 943. 
trail followed by 42: 828. 
Dowling, Thomas, jr. 

acknowledgments to 15: 17; 20: 
16. 



Dowling, Thomas, jr. — Continued 
collections of 15: 69, 125. 
quartzite blades found by 15: 79. 
Dowling Place, chipped stones found 

on 15: 69. 
Down 

eagle, symbolism of 22, ii: 41, 236, 

247. 
of liirds in ceremonial observances 
9: 533 sqg. 
Down-fended, definition of 21: 142, 

255. 
"Down-fended" Virgin 32: 510. 
Down Roll, in Pima mythology 26: 

366. 
Downing, Alfred, petroglyphs de- 
scribed by 10: 123. 
Downs, Miss Mildred 
assistance of 38: p. 15 
work of 37: 19, 20. 
Doyle, — , quoted on Colonial policy 
toward Indians 18: 600, 609, 
632. 
Dozier, Father Thomas S. 
acknowledgments to 29: 38. 
material collected by 24: 368. 
on archery, Tewa 24: 395. 
on ball race, Tewa 24: 681. 
on dice games, Tewa 24: 194. 
on European games, Tewa 24: 797. 
on hidden ball, Tewa 24: 368 sq. 
on shinny, Tewa 24: 643. 
on stone throwing, Tewa 24: 728. 
on tops, Tewa 24: 748. 
reference to 29:224; 47:304. 
Drab Flute (Macilenya) Altar, at 

Mishonguovi 19: 989. 
Dracontium Dubium, for snake bite 

38: §929. 
Drag Handles, used by the Eskimo 

18: 172. 
Dragging-Canoe 

chief of Chickamauga band 19: 63. 
enmity to Americans of 19: 54. 
Dragon Fly 

as a sign of rain 17: 630; 38: 

§938. 
.as a symbol 39: 50. 
design on Pueblo pottery, cut show- 
ing 22, i: 147. 
n Cherokee lore 19: 431. 
n Pima mythology 26: 363 sq. 
n Pima song 26: 294. 
reference to the 22, i: 81. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



323 



Dragon Fly — Continued 
string figure of 38: §691. 
symbol on pottery 17: 669, 680 
sqq. 
Dragonfly Clan, error regarding 42: 

120. 
Dragon's Head, effigy of, in Santa Rita 

mound 19: 6.S9. 
Dragoons 

expedition of, in 1 834 17:169. 
First, expedition of, among the 
Kiowa 17: 262 sq. 
Dragoon Fork 

application of name 28: 199. 
See also Sycamore Canyon. 
Drags for hauling seal 9: 256-259. 
Drainage of roof, relations of certain 

roof openings to 8: 203 sq. 
Drains 

in Casa Blanca 16: 110. 
of roofs, description of 8: 153-156. 
See aho Roof Drains. 
Drake, — 

on Cherokee chiefs in Creek war 

19: 97. 
on Cherokee government 19: 107. 
on Chief McGiUivray 19: 210. 
on Chief Mcintosh 19: 217. 
on Creek war 19: 90-93, 96. 
on events preceding removal 19: 

125. 
on Fort Mims massacre 19: 216. 
on Georgia acts affecting Cherokee 

19: 117, 221. 
on imprisonment of missionaries 

19: 120. 
on Indian civilized government 19: 

113. 
on Ross's arrest 19: 123. 
on scalping by whites 19: 209. 
on Shawano 19: 495. 
on Tecumtha 19: 216. 
on Wayne's victory 19: 213. 
on Weatherford 19:217. 
on Rev. S. A. Worcester 19:218. 
Drake, B. 

on losses at Prophet's Town 14: 

689. 
on Tecumtha 14: 672, 684, 686, 
691. 
Drake, Daniel, description of shell 

vessels by 2: 197. 
Drake, Francis, on Indian giants 14: 
485. 



Drake, Samuel G. 

advocates Indian origin of mounds 

5: 84. 
on Assiniboin population 15: 191. 
on Crow habitat in 1834 15: 98. 
on mound-builders 12: 600. 
quoted on Massachusetts' Indian 
policy 18: 607. 
Drama 

absence of, among Omaha 27: 369. 
closing ceremonies of 23: 203,204. 
division of, how made 23: 181. 
nature and development of 19: 

LXXVII-LXXXI. 

participants in 23: 182. 
participants in, feast of 23: 197. 
participants in, selection of 23: 

181. 
reasons for 23: 180. 
table of participants in 23: 181, 

182. 
Zufli, definition of 13: 375. 
Dramatic Element in Tusayan ritual 

15: 2.53. 
Dramaturgy among Siouan tribes 

15: 169. 
Draper, Dr. Lyman C. 

on Eleazer Williams 14: 23. 

on Indian trade in maple sugar 20: 

33. 
quoted on Oshkosh 14:46. 
quoted on Tshe katsha kemau 14: 
45. 
Draper, Va., trail by 42: 759. 
Draper's Meadows, references to mas- 

.sai-reuf 42: 742. 
Draves Mound, location of 37: 99. 
Drawing 

h\ the Eskimo 18: 197 sg. 
instruments for 10: 219. 
Drawing Knife, occurrence of, in 

Georgia mound 20: 139. 
Dream 

chief told of powerful enemy to be 

met 32: 346. 
of supernatural being 35: 946. 
warning against very large man 32 : 

344. 
warning to attack enemy 32: 345. 
warning to change course of warpath 
32: 342. 
Dream Designs 

discussion of 41: 301 sqq. 
explanation of 41: 451. 



324 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Dream Designs — Continued 
use of 41: 339. 
use of the term 41: 387. 
Dream Spirit, belief in 30: 152 sq., 

154. 
Dream Wi'-gi-e, mention of 45: 

610-614. 
Dream Word, guessing of 32: 597. 
Dreamer Beligion in the Northwest 

14: 713, 719. 
Dreamer Society of the Menomini 

14: 63, 157-171. 
Dreams 

among the Thngit 26: 459. 
as omens 35: 642,643. 
as part of Shaker rehgion 14: 748. 
as viewed by the Pima 26: 253 sq. 
belief in 42: 515. 
beliefs concerning 1 1 : 200, 395, 500, 
510,516; 30:165,342; 43:274 
sq., 44: 255; 46: 494 sg.; 47: 
247, 481. 
confounded by Indians 14: 666. 
designs connected with 45: 42S- 

431. 
divination by 14: 716,723. 
effect of certain 14: 262. 
explanation of 35: 725. 
heraldic designs revealed in 23: 

XXIII. 

importance attached to 42: 409. 
in ancient times 14: 929. 
Indian belief in 14: 673. 
influence of, among nothern Indians 

11: 272. 
interpretation of 30: 341 sq. 
Kiowa regard for 17: 237. 
legends concerning 30: 342. 
meaning of 35: 707,708. 
means of inducing 35:707. 
mention of 33: 334, 356, 374, 376, 

456, .500, 502, 522, 618, 651, 654, 

656; 35: 1328. 
Pima notion of 28: 50. 
relation of, to visions, in Pawnee 

philosophy 22, ii: 121, 122. 
scarification as a result of 14: 898. 
sexual, meaning of 35: 642, 643. 
symbols adopted after 46: 412. 
testing magic power of 32: 394- 

Wi'-gi-eof 39: 138-144. 

with Pima medicine-men 26: 257. 



Dreams — Continued 

See also Dream; Hypnotism; 
Trance; Visions. 
Drennan, John, authorized to pay 

Cherokee claims 5: 312. 
Drennon's Lick, Ky. 

buffalo roads to 42: 742. 
trail to 42: 788. 
Drennon's Springs, mention of 42: 

788. 
Dresden Codex 

ahau symbol in 16: 263. 

akbal symbol in 16: 221. 

ben symbol in 16: 245. 

bird symbols in 16: 225, 251. 

burden-bearers symbolized in 16: 

247. 
cahan day symbol in 16: 254. 
ceh symbol in 16: 249. 
cAac symbol in 16: 225 .sg. 
c/iuen symbol in 16: 241. 
cib symbol in 16: 231. 
cimi symbol in 16: 231. 
cited 19: 715-732, 757, 758, 793, 
794, 797, 799, 805, 808, 813, 814, 
815. 
discussion of symbols in 16: 213, 

233, 240, 255," 260, 261. 
Dominical days of 19: 705. 
eb symbol in 16: 243. 
figures from, illustrating Mayan 
chronologic system 22, i: 217, 
259, 282, 297. 
IX symbol in 16: 248. 
kan symbol in 16: 229. 
long-nose deity in 16: 258. 
men symbol in 16: 250. 
mention of 3: 23. 
mol symbol in 16: 224, 238. 
muluc symbol in 16: 237, 238. 
numerals in 6: 261-338. 
oc symbol in 16: 239. 
plates from, discussion of 22, i: 237 

sgq., 243-248, 286-290. 
quetzal symbol in 16: 224. 
serpent symbol in 16: 256. 
vigesimal system used in 22, i: 234. 
xul symbol in 16: 225. 
Dress 

ceremonial, of the Menomini 14: 

74, 264. 
change in, of Lower Creeks 42: 

332. 
Cherokee, in 1800 19: 82. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



325 



Dress — Continued 

Cherokee, in 1819 19: 137. 

description of 45: 70, 71, 336. 

East Cherokee 19: 166, 176. 

for burial 47: 482 sq. 

for dances 42: 524 sq., 671. 

head 38: § 518. 

of ball players, myth concerning 

42: 157. 
of fire-makers 42: 583, 594. 
of maturing girls 35: 701. 
of men 47: 232. 
of Omaha dancers 3 : 344, 346, 348, 

349, 350, 352, 353. 
of priests 42: 710. 
of Southeast tribes 42: 681 sqq., 

685 sq. 
of the Chickasaw 44:241. 
of the dead 44: 241. 
of the Tsimshian in olden times 

31: 52. 
of ITpper Creeks 42: 333. 
of warrior when crowned 42: 420. 
of women 47: 232. 
of women, Kwakiutl 35: 118, 186, 

189, 195, 197, 198, 200, 208, 210, 

213, 219, 221. 
of women, Okanagan 45: 233. 
representation of, on effigy vases. 

Middle Mississippi Valley group 

20: 57. 
See oho Adornment; Clothing; 

Costumes; Headdress. 
Dress and Adornment 
of the Zuiii 23: 369-372. 
of tlie Zuni men 23: 309, 370. 
of the Zuiii women 23: 370, 371. 
used in Ojibwa dances 7: 298, 299. 
Dress and Ornament of the Tsimshian 

31: 398. 
Dreuillettes, G., on the Green Bay 

tribes 14: 51. 
Drew, Colonel — 

commander of Cherokee regiment 

19: 149. 
of the Cherokee Confederate Regi- 
ment 5: 329. 
Drew, Benjamin, on Schiller's '' Burial 

Song" 1: 110. 
Drew, E. P., on Siuslaw habitat 7: 

134. 
Drew's Ranch 

reference to 28: 210. 
ruins on 28: 211. 



Drexel Mission during Wounded Knee 

trouble 14: 874. 
Dried Buffalo Skull, mystery decora- 
tion of 11: 396. 
Drifting Goose's Band, land cessions 
and reservations by 18: 896,902. 
Driftwood 

Eskimo building of 18: 244, 246, 

252, 258. 
Eskimo implements made of 18: 

116. 
Eskimo transportation apparatus 

made of 18: 206, 217. 
mention of 46: 182, 183. 
on Alaskan coast, abundance of 

18: 24. 
use of, for burials 46: 90. 
use of, for fuel 35: 181, 256, 281, 
287, 296. 
Driftwood Mountain in Pima myth 

26: 213. 
DriU 

balances from Sikyatki graves 17: 

740. 
bows of the Eskimo 9: 176-182; 

18: 82 sqq. 
caps of the Eskimo 18: 84 ^q. 
fire, of the Navaho 17: 501. 
Drilling (1) 

Eskimo clothing made of 18: 32. 
Eskimo tents made of 18: 260. 
Eskimo transportation apparatus 
made of 18: 217. 
DriUing (2) 

by the Guiana Indians 38: §19,20. 
by the Menomini 14: 264. 
how accomplished 13: 164. 
with grass stalks 13: 279. 
Drills 

classification of 44: 94. 
discussion of 15: 85. 
distribution of 15: 142. 
of the Eskimo 9: 175-182, 189; 

18: 76, 81 sq. 
use of, as projectile points 15: 83. 
See also Perforator. 
Drink 

dance and debauchery 38: § 583. 
for visitors 38: § 280, 810, 811. 
sign for 1: 301, 344, 357. 
souring of 30: 180. 
use of vessels to hold, in burial 20: 
39, 40. 



326 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Drink — Continued 

varieties of 38: p. 226-234. 
Sec also Drinks. 
Drinker, The 

in Pima legend 28: 43 sq., 61. 
in Pima mythology 26: 212 aq. 
Drinking 

and eating 38: p. 235-239. 
before and after meals 35: 377. 
before meals 35: 314, 319, 321, 
327, 328, 331, 334, 347, 352, 356, 
367, 380. 
custom, to obtain luck 42:521. 
reeds and tubes, use of, among In- 
dians 9: 493-498. 
vessels of the Eskimo 9: 101-105. 
ve.ssels of the Omaha 13: 277. 
Drinking Cups 

ceremonial, Gulf Coast group 20: 

107. 
in imitation of conch shells, Middle 
Mississippi Valley group 20: 94. 
of the Seri Indians 17: 185* .s^. 
See aLso Domestic Pottery. 
Drinking Trough 38: § 377. 
Drinking Tube 35:700. 
Drinks 

and drugs used by Indian medicine- 
men 9: 454, 455 sq. 
of the Chippewa 44: 317. 
of the Omaha 3: 209. 
of the Point Barrow Eskimo 9: 64 

sq. 
See also Drink. 
Driving for Game 38: § 157. 
Drives of waterfowl made by Eskimo 

18: 135. 
Dropseed Grass, use of, in mats 30: 

81. 
Droppers 

discussion of 41: 368 sqq. 
Lillooet work distinguished by 41: 

242. 
use of, in ornamentation 41: 230, 
231, 232. 
Dropsy 

among the Indians 4: 113. 
remedies for 42: 655,657,663,665. 
Drought, Pueblo fear of 23:181. 
Drowning, reluctance to interfere with 

the 30: 181 sq. 
Drowning Bear. See Yonaguska. 
Drugs, Zuni use of 47: 489. 
Druggist's Mortar. See Mortar. 



Drui, dance club 38: § 593. 
Drum, Colonel — 

Indian police praised by 14: 860. 
ordered to arrest Sitting Bull 14: 
855. 
Drum 

appearance of, in pictures of Hop! 

katcinas 21: 107. 
at Pecos 14: 491. 
ceremonial filling of 40: 97. 
ceremonial making of 40: 41. 
ceremonial preparation of 40: 40. 
description of 27: 371; 37: 384. 
in Caddo mythology 14: 1093. 
in Crow dance 14: 922. 
in Feast of Ho°'hewachi 27: .500 

sq., 507. 
in Hethu'shka Society ceremonies 

27: 461, 466. 
in Pebble society ceremonies 27: 

566. 
in Shell society ceremonies 27: 520, 

523, 533. 
in Smohalla ritual 14: 725. 
in treatment of disease 27: 582 sq. 
in war 38: § 758. 
medicine of the Menomini 14: 77, 

112. 
mystic power of 14: 93. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: § 577- 

581. 
of the Kwakiutl 35: 320, 763, 

772, 789. 
of the Nenenot 1 1 : 322, 324. 
of the Paiute 15: 276. 
significance of 14: 159. 
symbol in Maya codex 16: 221. 
Tlingit house group name 26: 404. 
used at dances 44: 257. 
used in ceremony 30: 43, 55. 
used in Menomini jugglery 14: 63. 
u.sed in moccasin game 14: 242, 

243. 
used in Tusayan ceremonies 15: 

278, 280, 282, 285, 297. 
See also Drums. 
Drum-beating. See Musical Ac- 
companiment. 
Drummer 

appearance of, in Hopi festivals 21: 

94. 
duties of 40: 277 



BONNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



327 



Drums 

ceremonial, of the Hako 22, ii: 

247. 
construction of 42: .521, 600. 
description of 46: 619. 
importance of 45: 164. 
magic 10: 514-517. 
of kachinas 47: 873. 
of the ancient Chiriqui 6: 157,160. 
of the Cherokee 19: 397, 493, 503. 
of the Eskimo 9: 385; 18: 350- 

353. 
of the Omaha 13: 282. 
pottery, use of, by American aborig- 
ines 20: 34 sg. 
use of, in procession 47: 319 
See also Drum. 
Drumsticks 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katchinas 21: 107. 
(if till- Eskimo 9: 388. 
Drunken Dance 

description of 42: 534. 
season closed with 42: 534, 556, 
610. 
Drunken Man's Dance, description 

of 44: 2.57. 
Drunkenness 

absence of. at Cibola 14: 518. 
account of 27: 618 sq. 
among the Creeks 42:433. 
among the Guiana Indians 38: 

§280. 
among the Menomini 14: 34. 
among the Tahus 14: 574. 
broken up among Omahas 3: 370. 
Dry. See Sikatcu. 
Drying 

Catawba pottery 20: 54, 55. 

Cherokee pottery 20: 56. 

eastern United States pottery 20: 

52. 
Pawnee pottery 20: 59. 
See also Manufacture. 
Drying-frame, for making berry cakes 

35: 260, 271, 278. 
Drying of the World, Zuni myth 2: 

13. 
Drying Back 

for seaweed 35: 293. 
mention of 35: 233, 238. 
DrymocaUis Arguta, use of 44: 
289, 338, 344, 350. 



Dsilyi' Neyani 

home of the bears seen by 5: 447 

sgq. 
introduction of ceremonials by 5: 

409 sqq. 
origin of the name 5: 404. 
prayer to 5: 420, 421, 465. 
return of, to the gods 5: 417. 
story of 5: 387-417. 
tradition of great interest in study 

of Indian myths 5: XLV. 
visit of, to Lodge of Dew 5: 450, 

451. 
visit of, to the home of the snakes 
5: 446, 447. 
Dsilyidje qagal 

ceremonies of 5: 418-444. 
origin of myth of 5:387-417. 
sacrifices of 5: 451-455. 
the great pictures of 5: 444-451. 
Du Chesneau, — , quoted on French 
policy toward Indians 18: 549. 
Du Halde, P., cited on cords worn by 

Tilietan lamas 9: 561. 
Du Pratz, Le Page 

Calu?a described by 42: 39. 
description of pottery by 4: 371. 
description of temple by 41: 507 

on Caddoan habitat 7: 61. 

on certain southern tribes 7: 66. 

on hoop and pole, Cherokee, Creeks 
24: 487. 

on hoop and pole, Natchez 24: 
488. 

on Indian salt making 20: 31. 

on Louisiana basketry 13: 16. 

on Louisiana cane rafts 13: 15. 

on Louisiana clothing 13: 22, 25, 
32, 33. 

on Louisiana dyes 13: 20. 

on Louisiana embroidery 13: 28. 

on Louisiana feather work 13: 27. 

on Louisiana nets 13: 27. 

on Louisiana sieves 13: 17. 

on Louisiana textile cradles 13: 18. 

on Natchez organization 42: 91. 

on Oto habitat 15: 195. 

on pottery making by Louisiana In- 
dians 20: 57, 102. 

on the Na'htchi langviage 7: 96. 

on tossed ball, Natchez 24: 710. 

on use of color bv Natchez 20: 63. 



328 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Du Pratz, Le Page — Continued 

on use of shell for tempering by Nat- 
chitoches 20: 48. 

quoted 12: 617, 653, 665, 677, 682. 
Du Tertre, — , mention of 25: 68. 
Dual Divisions 

among the Chickasaw 44: 193. 

discussion of 44: 193-196. 

of clans, names of 42: 156 sq. 

of clans, origin myth of 42: 157. 
Dual Existence of animals, Eskimo 

belief in 18: 394 sg., 425. 
Du'bamo"thi", remarks of 27: 637 

Dublin, J. L., mention of 46: 322. 
Dubois, Barent, informations from 

42: 505, 510. 
Dubuque County, Iowa, mounds in 

5: 31, 32. 
Duburi-kaiasanna, type of fan 

38: § 367. 
DucaUi, fruit-glue for stone-ehip grater 

38: §335. 
Ducatel, Prof. I. I. 

on double ball, Chippewa 24: 650. 
on hidden ball, Chippewa 24: 341 

sg. 
on racket, Chippewa 24: 567. 
on ring and pin, Chippewa 24: 

534. 
on snow-snake, Chippewa 24: 401. 
Duchi, native name for seat 34: 246. 
Duck 

a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology 

21: 175. 
domestication of the 38: § 724. 
hunting of the 38: § 182. 
importance of, as gleaners of wasted 

wUd rice 19: 1098 sg. 
in Arapaho mythology 14: 959. 
in Menomini mythology 14: 163, 

203, 254. 
in Pima mythology 26: 232,248. 
in Zufli mythology 13: 407. 
mythic part played by the, in bring- 
ing wild rice to the Ojibwa 19: 

1094. 
myths concerning, Cherokee 19: 

266 sg., 412. 
personation of, in Hopi ceremony 

16: 308. 
pottery figure of 38: §96. 
representations of, Florida Peninsula 

pottery 20: 123, 124, 126. 



Duck — Continued 

representations of, Gulf Coast pot- 
tery 20: 107, 108. 
skin of, Eskimo ceremonial objects 

made of 18: 419. 
skin of, Eskimo clothing made of 

18: 31. 
See « /.so Bird; Ducks. 
Duck Dance 

description of 42: 529 sg.; 46: 

562. 
mention of 42: 523, 524. 
Duck Katcina. See Pawik. 
Duck River, Tenn. 

fortified Indian town on 41: 496. 
petroglyphs on 10: 114. 
trail from settlements on 42: 853. 
Duck-shaped Vessel from Chevlon, 

cut showing 22, i: 67. 
Duck Valley Reserve 

authority for establishment of 18: 

828. 
change in 18: 920. 
establishment of 18: 890. 
Ducklar, taming of 38: §724. 
Ducks 

Eskimo method of catching 18: 

134 sq. 
eyes of, used as dice 32: 3.54. 
heads, necks, and breasts of, in Hako 

ceremony 22, ii: 20. 
legend concerning 30: 124 sg. 
Seri method of catching 17: 191*. 
symbolism of 22, ii: 21, 40, 175. 
throwing stones at, causes snow- 
storm 31: 449. 
use of, to paddle canoes 32: 21 S, 

221, 222. 
See also Duck. 
Duckworth, W. L. H., cited 46: 230, 

231, 256, 306, 307, 313, 326, 368. 
Ducoin, Ellen 

grant of land to 18: 665. 
See also Decoigne. 
Duddeley, Sir Robert, journey of, 

through Trinidad 34: 64. 
Duelling among northern Indians 

11: 271. 
Duerden, Dr. J. E. 

Antillean pottery figured by 25: 

189. 
on certain mortars 25: 106. 
on Jamaican amulets 25: 140. 
on Jamaican idols 25:198sg. 



bonneejea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



329 



Duerden, Dr. J. E. — Continued 

on Jamaican pestles 25: 105. 

on Jamaican pictography 25: 148. 
Duff, N. Francis, on prehistoric ruins 

of Rio Tular.jsa 22, i: 180. 
Duflot de Mofras, Eugene de 

cited 7: 92. 

on Pimeria, quoted by Buschmann 
26: 7(5. 

Soledad, language of 7: 102. 
Dufouri, Reo. J. H., on Tesuque 29: 

387. 
Dufur, H. H., report on Warm Springs 

Reserve by 18: 946. 
Dugout 

corial,etc. 38: §792-797. 

mention of 37: 123. 
Duhos 

Antillean 25: 157, 200 s?., 202-207. 

from Battowia 34: 89. 

grinders mistaken for 34: 222. 

of stone 34: 223-226. 
Duk-DukMask 3: 99 s^. 
Dukwalli, mask ceremony 3: 107 

sqq. 

Dulhut, Daniel Oreyselon, cited on 

Indian beliefs 11: 43. 
Dull Knife, a Cheyenne leader 14: 

I02.J. 
Dumas, Alexandre, on Sicilian signs 

1: 295. 
Dumbarton Heights, quarry shops 

in 15: 62, 116. 
Dumb-bell Mounds 37: 93, 100. 
D u m m e r, Jeremiah, cpioted on 

Maine's Indian polic\ 18: 609. 
Dumnior, Gov. W., treaty made by 

43: 174. 
Dumont, — , description of potterv bv 

4: 275, 276, 371. 
Dumont, Enrique, on Porto Rican 

|)ictography 25: 149. 
Dumont, G. M., cited 12: 653, 657, 

682, 686. 
Dumont, M. Butel de 
on house burial 1: 124. 
See also Butel-Dumont. 
Dumpling Dance 

mention of 42: 561, 606. 
performance of 42: 610. 
Dunbar, John B. 

on archery, Pawnee 24: 386. 
on ethnology of the Arapaho 14: 
1013. 



Dunbar, John B. — Continued 

on hoop and pole, Pawnee 24: 463 

sq. 
on Pawnee runners 17: 260. 
on Pawnee chronology 17: 370 sq. 
quoted on Pawnee habitat 7: 60. 
Dunbar, Mrs. B. E., on tribal games, 

Catawba 24: 611. 
Dunbar, V. S. J. 

lay figures modeled by 16: lviii. 
quarry figures prepared by 15: 44. 
Duncan — 

New Metla Katla founded by 26: 

414. 
quoted 3 1 : 44 sq. 
Duncan, Prof. Clinton, on effect of 
Georgia laws against Cherokee 
19: 118. 
Duncan, Robert, on moccasin game, 

Delawares 24: 342 sq. 
Duncan, William, settlement of Chim- 

mesyan tribes by 7: 65. 
Dundy, Judge — , on legal status of 

Indians 27: 51. 
Dunlap, General — , on removal treaty, 

etc. 19: 128. 
Dunlap, Robert, acknowledgments 

to 14: 655. 
Dunlap, R. O., speech of, on Cherokee 

affairs 5: 285. 
Dunlap, Mrs. R. R., on football, 

Catawba 24: 704. 
Dunlop, W. W. C, amulet sent by 

43: 18. 
Dunmoi, Laura, Spiatan's letter read 

by 14: 911. 
Dunmore War, use of trails in 42: 

766, 767. 
Dunn, — , in Siuox outbreak 14:865. 
Dunn, D. R. 

acknowledgments to 19: 13. 
on McNair's grave 19: 222. 
Dunn, Jacob P. 

acknowledgments to 29: 12. 
linguistic work of 29: 23. 
manuscript by 30: 24. 
manuscript deposited by 36: 28. 
mention of 32: 28. 
study of, of tribes of the Middle West 

31: 8, 20; 32: 10. 
work of 30: 10, 21; 34: 24 sq. 
Dunn, John, on hand game, Chinook 
24: 282. 



330 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eTH. ANN. 48 



Dunn, John, inclosiire on farm of 

12: 513. 
Dunning, E. O. 

exploration of mounds in East Ten- 
nessee by 12: 359, 369. 
on stone grave mounds in Valley of 

the Little Tennessee 5: 78, 79. 
pins collected by 2: 215. 
shell ornaments collected by 2: 
272. 
Dupe, sign for 1 : 305. 
Duponceau Collection, Salishan vo- 
cabulary of the 7: 103. 
Dupuis, — , cited on castration of 

jiriests of Cybele 9: 454. 
Durability of Potomac-Chesapeake 

ware 20: 151. 
Duralde, M., linguistic material of 

30: IS. 
Duran, Diego 

interpretation of calendars bj' 3: 

44 sqq., 48, 49, 53. 
on clay eating by Mexicans 9: 538. 
on cords among the Mexicans 9: 

558. 
on Indian drinking tubes 9: 495, 

496. 
on Indian idol ef dough 9: 524, 

625, 529. 
on Mexican headdress 9: 582. 
on Mexican priests 9: 454, 456, 

464. 
on sacred meal of Indians 9: 510. 
on the Teotleco 15: 272. 
Duran y Chavas, Don Fernando, 

mention of 47: 28. 
Durango 

a Mexican state 14: 545. 
Kiowa raids near 17: 165. 
mines in 14: 476. 
province of New Spain 14: 353. 
Durant, George, purchase of land by 

18: 625 sg. 
Durkheim, Prof. Emile, mention of 

31: 516, 517. 
Duro, Cesareo F. 
on Acoma 29: 543. 
on Jemez 29: 403. 
Duru Tree, on which the clusters of 
edible caterpillars are found 38: 
§223. 
Duruy, S. E. M., reproduction of 
Me.xican manuscripts by 3: 18. 



D'XJrville(Dumont?), on New Holland 

masks 3: 18. 
Dust 

from Christian churches, supersti- 
tious concerning 9: 537. 
signals 1: 541. 
Dust Shower, story of 45: 291 sq. 
Dutch (1) 

claim to lands in America, basis of 

18: 528. 
of Brazil, petroglyphs attributed to 

10: 150. 
pohcy of the, toward Indians 18: 
575-579, 687, 591, 692, 612. 
Dutch (2) 

mention of 19: 141. 
Sec aha Tahchee. 
Dutch-Indian Trade 38: §829. 
Dutton, C. E. 

cliff -ruin region described by 16: 

82. 
on significance of Dzacatan 16: 

224. 
on submerged trees of Columbia 
River 14: 722. 
Duty, Eskimo feeling of 18: 294. 
Duval County, Fla., bowl from 20: 

123. 
Dwamish land cessions and reserva- 
tions 18: 798, 834, 864, 868. 
Dwarf People 

Eskimo legend of 18: 480 sg. 
mention of 32: 61. 
Dwarfs 

at war with birds 3 1 : 455. 
belief in, Chickasaw 44: 256. 
belief in, Coeur d'Alene 45: ISO. 
behef in, Flathead 45: 383. 
belief in, Guiana Indian 30: 363 
belief in, Mohegan-Pequot 43:261. 
belief in, Okanagan 45: 290. 
belief in, Sioux 11: 481. 
inhabit a country beyond the sea, 

Tsinishian 31: 455. 
Sec also Pygmies. 
Dwellers-Below, a division of the 

Osage tribe 36: 45. 
Dwellers-in-the-Thorny-Thicket, a 
division of the Osage tribe 36: 
45. 
Dwellers-in-the-Upland-Forest, a 
division of the Osage tribe 36: 



serjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



331 



Dwellers-upon-the-Hilltop, a liivi- 

.sioii of the Osage tribe 36: 45. 
Dwelling 

sites, definition of 12: 31. 

treatment of, in Hako cerenjony 
22, ii: 33, 34. 
Dwellings 

liark houses 27: 74, 78. 

construftion of 42: 688. 

covered with bireh bark 44: 389. 

earth lodge 27: 75 sq. 

furniture and implements of the 
Omaha 13: xliv, liv, 263-288. 

general description of 27: 95-99. 

in Colorado Valley 13: 357. 

interior arrangement of 26: 334, 
337, 362. 

mention of 40: 338. 

of chiefs on mounds 12: 650, 653, 
669. 

of Indians 1 1 : 223, 298. 

of Indians shown in figures 12: 
621, 623. 

of the ancient Zuni 13: 361. 

of the Menomini 14: 253. 

of the Missouri River tribes 17: 
158. 

of the mound-builders 12: 661- 
664. 

oftheSeri 17: 221*-224*. 

of the Seri, location of 17: 148* 
sq. 

of the Shoshoni 17: 160. 

of the Southeast 42: 687 sq. 

of the Southern Indians 12: 665. 

origin of 27: 71. 

pictographs of 10: 719-722. 

property of the women 27: 326. 

remains of mound builders 12: 
106, 203, 208, 209, 227, 229. 

Seward Peninsula 46: 90. 

tipi 27: 76. 

wattle work 13: 13. 

Yukon 46: 46, 58, 60, 82. 

See also Architecture; Habita- 
tions; Houses. 
Dwight, Theodore, quoted on Con- 
necticut's Indian policy 18: 611 
sq. 
Dwight Mission 

establishment of 19: 136. 

iion for removal of 19: 140. 
95719°— 33 22 



Dyar, L. S. 

material collected by 24: 137,331. 
un four-stick game, Klamath 24: 

331. 
Dyea, Tlingit town 26: 397. 
Dyeing 

among the Eskimo 18: 117. 
among the Flatliead 45 : 327. 
among the Navaho 3: 377. 
embroidery materials 13: 28. 
lost art of 30: 80. 
of basketry by the Cherokee 13: 

16. 
plants used for 30: 80, 88, 97. 
process of, among the Chippewa 

44: 369. 
Dyeing and Staining 
plants used for 33: 

bloodroot 83. 

Cottonwood buds 72, 73. 

dodder 110. 

Kentucky coffee tree 90. 

Iamb 's quarter 78. 

lichens 63. 

poke berry 79. 

soft maple 107. 

sumac 100. 

walnut 74. 
Dyer, Agent ^, letter of 4: 160 sq. 
Dyer, A. C, killed at Wounded Knee 

14: 872. 
Dyer, D. B. 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
guide on visit to Wovoka 14: 768. 
interpreter on visit to Wokova 14: 

771. 
Dyes 

formulae for 44: 370-374. 
materials used for 45: 43 sq. 
mineral substance used in 44: 370. 
of the Okanagan 45: 218. 
plants used in making 44: 369; 

45: 500 sq. 
preparation of 27: 346. 
specimens of, Zuni 2: 372. 
use of, by Louisiana Indians 

20. 
use of, by Navahos 3 : 377. 
use of, by Thompson Indians 

147 sq. 
Dyes, Pima 

blood of jackrabbit 26:96. 
cochineal 26: 96. 
diamond dyes 26: 161. 



13: 



41: 



332 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Dyes, Pima — Continued 
ocher 26: 150. 
purple 26: 117. 
red and blue 26: 143. 
roots of Krameria parvifolia 26: 

118. 
See aho Paint. 
Dyestuffs, native 46: 591. 
Dymock, — , cited 30: 42. 
Dysentery 

among the Pima 26: 263, 266 sgg. 
treatment of 38: § 927; 42: 659, 
660, 664, 668; 44: 344. 
Dzendzenx'q ! ayo 35: 815. 
Dzhe Manido, the guardian spirit of 

the Midewiwn 7: 163, 166. 
Dzhibai Midewigan or "Ghost 

Lodge" 7: 278-281. 
Dzikin, a former cacique 47: 44. 
Dzitsistas, a synonym of the Cheyenne 

14: 1023. 
Dzonoqiwa 35:1026,1122. 
Dzonoqiwa Dish 35: 756, 806, 807, 

813, 814, 1024, 1040. 
Dzonoqiwa Ladle 35: 1024. 
Dzonoq !wa-of-the-Sea Dish 35: 

816. 
DzSnoqIwa Post 35: 806. 
Dzo'seqwai'o, genealogy of 14: 57. 



E day symbol, discussion of 16: 243. 
Eagle 

absence of, in public Buffalo dance 

21: 43. 
aged, wi'-gi-e of the 36: 88 sq. 
as a symbol 39: 50, 218. 
as a war emblem 39: 205, 306. 
as watchman 35: 856. 
association of, with rain 30: 267. 
association of, with Tha'tada gens 

27: 42. 
black, kiUing of 30: 318. 
bone whistles used by medicine-men 

14: 868. 
breast feathers of , symbolism of 22, 

ii: 22, 47. 
breast feathers of, use of, in Hako 

ceremony 22, ii: 26, 58. 
brown, identity of 22, ii: 20. 
brown, symbolism of 22, ii: 20, 21, 

42, 173, 194, 339. 



Eagle — Continued- 
brown, treatment of, in Hako cere- 
mony 22, ii: 29. 
cages of the Zuni 8: 214. 
carvings of 2: 146. 
characterization of 37: 441. 
clubbing of, to death 31: 404. 
collar bone of 35 : 443. 
connection of, with pipe 27: 162. 
connection of, vidth SheU society 27 : 

512, 559. 
dance 35: 1004. 
dish 35: 805, 814, 849. 
down of, symbolism of 22, ii: 41, 

236, 247. 
embodiment of spirit of sun as 21: 

16. 
feathers of, use of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 20. 
fetish of the Zuni 2: 29. 
golden, a hfe symbol 36: 104. 
guard of chestnut tree 32: 150. 
harpy, taming of 38: § 724. 
how regarded 15: 171. 
in Ponca tradition 27: 47. 
in Tewa conception 29: 43. 
mention of the 35: 781, 784. 
method of obtaining feathers of 19: 

492 sq. 
myths and lore concerning 11: 47, 
104, 510; 19: 281 sqq., 286 sq., 
293 sq., 367 sq., 453, 456. 
name of 35: 785. 
offering to, in War-bundle feast 37 : 

429, 436, 451. 
part in rites 27: 159. 
jjersonation of, in PaliilUkonti festi- 
val 21: 43. 
plume decoration 15: 269. 
plucking of, and ceremonies over 

23: 114. 
portent of 30: 275. 
red, a life symbol 36: 124. 
reference to 27: 204. 
representation of, in Pebble society 

27: 566. 
representation of, on Ghost shirt 

14: 798, 823. 
representation of, on Gulf Coast 

pottery 20: 107, 109, 114. 
lepresentation of, on Iroquoian pipes 

20: 174. 
representation of, on Lower Missis- 
sippi Valley pottery 20: 104. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



333 



n- 21: 122. 
14: 919, 9S2 



Eagle — Continued 
representation of svin 
sacred regard for tlie 

992, 1072, 1100. 
shooting of, to .secure wife 23: HI . 
spotted, a life .symbol 36: 118. 
string figure of 38: § 684, 685. 
supernatural power of 42: 634. 
symbolic u,se of, in Hopi katcina ])ic- 

tures 21: 77. 
symbolism of, in Hako ceremonv 
" 22, ii: 40, 99, 100. 
symbolism of, in Hopi ceremonies 

21: 67. 
town emblem of Coweta 42: 243. 
treatment of, in Hako ceremony 22, 

ii: 111-117. 
use and ceremonial burial of 22, i: 

28, note, 
use of feathers of 19: 396. 
use of tail feathers of 35: 635, 673, 

677, 681, 682, 692. 
value placed on 42: 495. 
vision of. Ghost dance 14: 917. 
when killed by the Caddo 14: 1093, 

1100. 
white, identity of 22, ii: 21. 
white, symbolism of 22, ii: 21, 192, 

288. 
wings of, use of, in Hako ceremonv 

22, ii: 19, 20. 
wooden, use of 42: 503. 
See also Bird; Eagle, among the 

Pima; Eagle, among the Tlingit; 

etc.; Eagles; Feathers; Kwahu. 
Eagle, among the Pima. 

held captive for feathers 26: 86. 
hemorrhage caused by 26: 263. 
in mythology 26: 219 sgq., 229, 

238, 240, 248, 249, 341, 344. 
in song 26: 277 sq., 287 sgq. 

292, 306, 316, 319, 333. 
Eagle, among the Tlingil. 

claws of, as shaman 's talisman 

464, 465. 
crest animal 26: 415, 455. 
down, in mythology 26: 461. 
down, use of 26: 451, 464. 
hou.se group name 26: 401, 

405, 406. 
in mythology 26: 432, 434. 
mask of 26: 436. 
representation of 26: 468. 



291, 



404, 



Eagle, among the Tlingit — Continued 
source of personal names 26: 405, 

406, 422. 
source of simile 26: 429. 
Eagle, The 

in Pima legends 28: 45, 52. 
in Zuiii mythology 13: 436. 
Eagle Burial (Casa Grande) , references 

to 28: 93, 110. 
Eagle Chief, offering to, in War-bun- 
dle fea.st 37: 429, 461, 536. 
Eagle Clan 

chiefs selected from 42: 148. 
native names for 42: 116. 
of little importance 37: 220. 
size of 47: 35. 
story concerning 42: 109. 
Eagle Disease, symptoms and treat- 
ment of 42: 644. 
Eagle Down 

for singers 35: 720. 

mention of 35: 678, 682, 726, 735. 

1165, 1166, 1221. 
symbolizing snow 35:633. 
used by shaman 35: 721, 726. 
used in Winter ceremonial 35: 899. 
Eagle Down Fraternity (U'huhukwe) 
anthropic gods of 23:526. 
closing ceremonies of 23: 525 s?. 
fetishes of, ceremony with 23: 523. 
of the Zuni 23: 522-.527. 
prayer phuiies of 23: 522, 523 s?. 
Eagle-down Fraternity 
account of 30: 38. 
medicine of 30: 61. 
Eagle Feathers 

appearance of, in Hopi pictures 21: 

65, 68-72, 82, 84, 90 sqq., 97-100, 

102, 103, 106 sqq., 110-113, 117, 

118, 119. 

as war decorations 27: 438 sq., 441. 

as war decorations, Ponca 27: 440. 

badge of distinction 46: 449. 

breast, in representations of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 68, 121. 
employment of, in dress of Hopi kat- 
cinas 21: 66. 
Eskimo ceremonial objects made of 

18: 415 sq. 
in Cohonimo ceremony 14: 813. 
in Wa'wa" ceremony 27: 376 sq., 

397 sq. 
Kiowa trade in 17: 336. 
on Ghost shirts 14: 798. 



334 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Eagle Feathers — Continued 
on heads of heralds 27: 500. 
on war bonnet 27: 446 sqq. 
on Washa'be (staff) 27: 276. 
peculiarity of, in dress of Kohoninii 

21: 85" 
sacred use of 14: 992. 
song pertaining to 14: 1100. 
symbol of old age 36: 71. 
symbolism of 42: 36; 45: 157, 

555. 
use of 45: 74; 47: 500, 660, 863. 
use of, as warrior symbol by Tcak- 

waina 21: 63. 
use of, by Wovoka 14: 776. 
use of, in ceremony 39: 251. 
used in Ghost dance 14: 916, 979, 

1099, 1101. 
used in hypnotism 14: 923, 925. 
value of 46: 589. 
Eagle Gens. See Ho"'-ga A-hiu-to" 

Oens. 
Eagle Harbor 46: 185. 
Eagle-Heart, escape from arrest of 

17: 329. 
Eagle Katcina. See Kwahu. 
Eagle Mills, village .site near 15: 79. 
Eagle Mountain, Calif., references to 

28: 36, 47. 
Eagle Nest House 

description of 33: 166. 
description of Room I 33: 168. 
doorway in 33: 170. 
masonry of 33: 170. 
Eagle People 

a division of the Corn people 47: 

272. 
migration legend of the 8: 28. 
mythic pueblo of the 29: 571. 
officials of the 47: 273. 
origin of the 47: 362. 
Eagle Phratry 

standing of, among the Tlingit 26: 

455. 
See also Wolf Phratry. 
Eagle Pipe, flight of, to Bad Lands 

14: 884. 
Eagle Plumes in Hopi rites 17: 589. 
Eagle Point, Iowa, mounds at 5: 32. 
Eagle Shrine at Tukinobi 17: 589. 
Eagle Symbol 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 103. 
in the codices 16: 251. 



Eagles 

carved 35: 805, 810. 

feathers of, used as fans 40: 211. 

feathers of, used ceremonially 40: 

103, 213, 225. 
head of, ajipearanee of, in pictures of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 77. 
how caught. 4: 105. 
how trapped by the Araiiaho 14: 

992. 
in Menomini mythology 14: 92, 

131, 166, 217. 
kept by the Hopi 17: 731. 
kept by the Pueblo Indians 14: 

992. ' 
method of capturing 45: 104. 
not dome.sticated 47: 211. 
of Kwag-ul 35: 820 sqq. 
rank of 35: 1080. 
tame, kept by Indians 14: 516. 
See also Eagle. 
Eakins, D. W. 

customs of Muskogi Indians described 

by 10: 258. 
information furnished by 42: 78, 

318. 
Eaman, C. B., witness to Casa Grande 

contract 15: 334. 
Eames, Wilberforce. 

acknowledgments to 14: 339; 29: 

12. 
work of 26: xxv. 
Ear 

ache 38: § 925. 
beliefs concerning the 43: 95. 
ornaments worn in the 42: 95. 
shouting into the, of a corpse 38: 

§ 864. 
See also Dog-ear; Ears. 
Ear Disks, copper, clay cores for 20: 

43, 141 sq. 
Ear Flaps, of the Eskimo 18: 37 sq. 
Ear Ornaments 

American pottery 20: 25, 42, 43, 
mention of 35: 728; 42: 685; 45: 

85, 339 sq. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 83. 
shown by Valley figurines 20: 184. 
Ear Pendants 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 84. 
from Pueblo ruins, cuts showing 

22, i: 86, 87. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



335 



Ear Pendants — Continued 

from Pueblo ruins, discovery of 

22, i: 86, 91. 
mention of 25: 99. 
use of, in decoration of Teutckutil 
21: 67. 
Earrings 

and beads, Eslcimo 18: 52. 
made of gold 34 : 2.30. 
modern 37: 109. 
of the Eskimo 9: 142 sq. 
See also Ear Disks; etc. 
Ear Shell, use of, as ornaments 28: 

143. 
Earle, — , death of 17: 344. 
Earle, Charles T., collections made 

b.v 41: 43, 72; 43: 18. 
Earle, Col. Elias 

attempted establishment of iron 

works by 19: 86. 
negotiation for iron ore tract of 
Cherokee Nation by 5: 199, 200. 
Earle, F. S. 

engagement of, on special work 

12: 19. 
examination of certain ancient works 

by 12: 181. 
copper plate from mound obtained 

by 12: 308. 
figured copper plate in stone grave 
found by 12: 701. 
Early County, Ga. 

prevalence of stamped ware in 20: 

135. 
thick-rimmed bowls from 20: 112, 
113. 
Early Migrations of the 0egiha tribe 

3: 211 sgq. 
Ears 

Catawba method of adding to vases 

20: 54. 
Nurthwestern pottery 20: 200. 
of death's head vases, modeling of 

20: 97. 
pulling of 30: 372. 
Western Eskimo 46: 215, 219, 252. 
Yukon Eskimo 46: 162. 
Yukon Indians 46: 244. 
Sec also Ear; etc. 
Earth 

as a supernatural being 47: 60. 
beliefs concerning 11: 386, 424, 

438, ,522; 46: 414; 47: 487. 
beUeved to be fiat 31: 454. 



Earth — Continued 

called "Mother" 45: 176. 
characterization of 37: 440. 
conception of, as an island 40: 79, 

583. 
conception of, as deity 37: 286. 
creation myth of the 32: 460. 
eating of 9: 537-540; 38: § 253. 
Eskimo buildings of 18: 245. 
formations, symbolic 11: 427. 
in creation legend 27: 570 sg. 
in Mohave mythology 26: 239. 
in Omaha conception 27: 117,134, 

600. 
in Pima song 26: 272 .sg. 
in Tewa conception 29: 45, 52 sq. 
in Tlingit mythology 26: 451, 452. 
Indian conception of the 42: 477, 

480. 
journey to end of 32: 238. 
Menomini personification of 14: 

87. 
offering to the, at War-bundle feast 

37: 430, 449, 459, 469, 501, 536. 
personification of the 14: 1096, 

1099; 36: 48, 51. 
pictographs on 10: 210 sqq. 
powers, description of 11: 427. 
regard for the, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 59. 
regeneration of the 14: 959, 10.54, 

1073. 
representation of 22, ii: 21, 22. 
represented by gens 43: 30. 
sacred regard for the 14: 918. 
Serian and Yuman names for the 

17: 341* sq. 
•songs connected with the 39: 358- 

362, 362-364. 
symbolized in Shell .society 27: 513 

sq., 517, 659 sq. 
treatment of 22, ii: 30, 31, 44, 46. 
turtle as symbol of 14:976. 
used in Pueblo roof construction 8: 

150, 
Earth Altar Man. See Nanoikusi. 
Earth-Crack. See Tcuwut (Hakut- 

dny). 
Earth Deity in Troano Codex 16: 

216, 217. 
Earth Doctor 

in Pima legends 28: 49, 50. 

in Pima mythology 26: 206-230, 

247 sg., 343, 344. 
in Pima song 26: 272 sq., 274. 



336 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



37: 434. 
cure blessing of 37: 



Earth Goddess 

of the Hopi 15: 312. 

worship of the 21: 55. 
Earth Grasper, myth of the 43 

470-608. 
Earth Lodge 

adopted from the Arikara 27: 7' 
sq., 112. 

construction of 27: 339; 46: 579 

description of 27: 95, 97 sq. 
Earth Magician 

in Pima religion 26: 251. 

in Pima song 26: 290, 327. 
Earth Maker 

a peace deity 

attemijt to i 

291. 

characterization of 37: 438 sq. 

conception of 37: 285. 

myth concerning 37: 168. 

offering to, in War-bundle feast 37: 
429, 430, 447, 455, 467, 503, 535. 

world ruled by 37: 317. 
Earth Mother 

mention of, in prayers 30: 37. 

plants derived from 30: 36. 

symbol in Maya hieroglyphs 16: 
" 251. 

symbolism of 23: 20. 
Earth Mounds 37: 76-103. 
Earth Name, \vi'-gi-e of 43: 44-50. 
Earth Names 

explanation of 43: 48, 49. 

lists of 43: 52 sq. 
Earth People 

officials of 47: 271. 

place of, in Omaha organization 
27: 135-139. 

the Yellow Corn group 47: 271. 

See also Ho"'gashenu. 
Earth Symbol in Borgian Codex 16: 

256. 
Earth Winner 

game of the, Navaho 24: 781. 

mythical character of the, Navaho 
24: 790. 
Earthenware 

of the Indians, mentioned by Cas- 
taneda 14: 511. 

pot of, with stone cover 41: 520. 

See also Pottery. 
Earthly Paradise 33: 303. 
Earthquake 

effect of, on the Creek 14: 687. 



Earthquake — Continued 

in Cherokee country 19: 471. 
mention of 46: 66. 
myths concerning 14: 976. 
near mouth of Colorado River 14: 

501. 
of 1887 26: 60. 

reference to, in Cherokee song 14: 
1028. 
Earthquake People of the Piai, legend 

of 30: 378, 379. 
Earthquake Symbol in the codices 

16: 255. 
Earthworks 

ancient group of 42: 784. 
at Aztalan 37: 88 sqq. 
at Portsmouth 42: 785. 
circular and crescent 12: 43, 44. 
geometric, eastern side of Everglades 

48: 4. 
in Maine, field study of 20: x. 
prehistoric, about South Portsuiouth, 
Ky. 44: 491. 
Earthworms, use of, as food 38: 

§ 222. 
East, character of tobacco pipes of 

the 20: 45, 98. 
East Bow Creek, reference to 27: 99. 
East Caicos, number of specimens 

from 34: 50. 
East Cape 

description of ruins at 18: 265. 
description of villages at 18: 257 sq. 
graves at 18: 320*7. 
mention of 46: 171. 
ornaments from 18: 50. 
people of 18: 26. 
umiaks used at 18: 218. 
utensils from 18: 63. 
East Cape Eskimo 
clothing of 18: 31. 
language of 18: 25. 
legend of origin of 18: 517 sq. 
physical characteristics of 18: 27 sq. 
tattooing by 18: 50, 51. 
East Cherokee 

conservatism of 19: 12. 
history of 19: 57-181. 
invitation of main band to 19: 151. 
manuscript material obtained among 

19: 112. 
present status of 19: 227 sq. 
removal to West of sonie of 19: 152. 



STJBJECT INDEX 



337 



East Cherokee — Continued 

suit against main band by 19: 151 

East Dubuque, 111., mounds at 5: 

34-38. 
East Hampton Book of Laws, ex- 
tracts from 18; 617 sq. 
East Main Cree Dialect 

examples in comparison with 28: 

Potawatomi 268. 

Menominee 269. 
forms of 28: 245, 246, 252. 
subjunctive mode in 28: 269. 
East Mesa 

ceremony, appearance of Sio mana 

and Koyimsi in 21: 107. 
derivation of Middle Mesa Natackas 

from 21: 71. 
Natackas, derivation of 21: 71. 
of Hopi countrv, reference to 19: 

579. 
performance of, dance of Bull mana 

at 21: 120. 
reference to, Hopi 28: 192. 
rituals at 19: 631 sqq. 
ruins at 17: 581, 585. 
East Tennessee 

explorations in 5: xxil. 
pottery from 20: 180 sqq. 
trail from 42: 837. 
Easter Island, Oceania, petroglyphs 

in 10: 169 sqq. 
Eastern Algonquian Languages 
close connection among 28: 258. 
consonantic clusters in 28: 234, 

238, 246, 284. 
examples in comparison with 28: 

Cheyenne 233, 286. 

Cree 233, 239, 257, 280. 

Cree-Montagnais 286, 287, 288. 

Delaware 257, 270, 278, 280, 287, 
288. 

Fox 257, 261, 270, 279 sq., 287, 
288. 

Malecite 269. 

Menominee 257, 270. 

Natick 253, 286, 288. 

Ojibwa 257, 270, 287, 288. 

Passamaquoddy 257. 

Penobscot 269. 

Peoria 257, 270. 

Piegan 261. 

Shawnee 257, 261, 270, 279 sq., 
287, 288. 



Eastern Algonquian Languages — 
Continued 
independent mode in 28:231. 
relationships of 28: 231, 232, 275, 
288, 289. 
Eastern- Central Algonquian Lan- 
guages, relationships of 28: 22, 
229, 232, 237 sq., 289. 
Eastern Denes, hand games of the 

24: 273. 
Eastern Shore, pottery of the 20: 

157 sq. 
Eastern United States, pottery of 

20: 3-201. 
Eastern Tribes, shinny played by the 

24: 617. 
Eastman, purchase of land by 18: 

606. 
Eastman, Mrs. Mary ("Dahkotah"), 

cited 4: 184, 189, 195, 241. 
Eat, sign for 1: 301, 480. 
Eat-aU-up Feast 32: 515. 
Eater. .Set Biarik'i. 
Eaters 

a Cheyenne division 14: 1026 
new name of winter dance society 
35: 1158. 
Eating 

after dark, evil of 30: 184, 185. 
bowls, clay, from Acoma 2: 405. 
bowls, clay, from Cochiti 2: 408. 
bowls, clay, from Laguna 2: 403. 
bowls, clay, from San Juan 2: 416. 
bowls, clay, from Santa Clara 2: 

415. 
bowls, clay, from Tesuke 2: 413. 
bowls, clay, from Wolpi 2: 382. 
bowls, clay, from Zuiii 2: 350. 
customs relating to 35: 750; 40: 

89, 225, 257. 
many animals taboo among Tsim- 

shian 31: 501 sq. 
time and frequency of, among Point 

Barrow Eskimo 9: 63 sq. 
See also Domestic Pottery; Food. 
Eating and Drinking of the Guiana 

Indians 38: p. 226-234. 
Eating Contest at War-bundle feast 

37: 430. 
Eaton, Captain — , Zuni vocabulary 

<.f 7: 139. 
Eaton, John, on Indian population of 
the United States 18: 537. 



338 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 



Eaton, John H. 

appointed to negotiate treaty with 

Cherokee 5: 275. 
commissioner to settle Chreokee 
claims 5: 298. 
Eaton, Lieut. Col. J. H. 
on Aeoma 29: 544. 
on Galisteo 29: 482. 
Eaton, Theophilus, purchase of land 

by 18: 614 sq. 
Eaton Township, Pa., vessel from 

20: 166. 
Eaves, lack of, in Tusayan houses 8: 

102. 
Eb day symbol, discussion of 16: 243. 
Ebert, F. A. 

controversy of, with Bottiger con- 
cerning Dresden Codex 6: 267. 
description of Dresden Codex by 6: 
263. 
Ebita, cone-shaped lip ornament 38: 

§503. 
Ecanachaco. See Holy Ground. 
Eccentric Forms 

Florida pottery 20: US, 119, 124. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 105. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 20, 85, 93 sq. 
of pottery 4: 283, 307, 353, 380, 

392, 403, 420 sqq. 
South Appalachian pottery 30: 

131. 
See also Forms. 
Ecclemacho. See Esselen. 
Eche day symbol, discussion of 16: 

248." 
Echebool or Echeloot, a Tlaqluit 

synonym 14: 740. 
Echeverria, — , on statistics of trephin- 
ing 16: 16. 
Echinacea Angustifolia 33: 131. 
Echinocactus Wislizeni, Pima food 

plant 26: 77. 
Echinopanex Horridum, use of 45: 

459. 
Echo 

origin of, a Shawnee myth 1: 45 

sqq. 
Tewa name for 29: 60. 
Echo God 

Iroquois myth of the 2: 58. 
powers of the 2: 52. 
Echo Cave fireplace, description of 
8: 168. 



Echota 

Cherokee capital and peace town 

19: 14, 21, 207. 
destruction of, in 1780 19: 58. 
killing of Indians at 19: 74. 
removal of capital from 19: 81. 
sparing of, in 1776 19: 51. 
trails of 42: 750, 751. 
E;ka, meaning of the expression 27: 

445, 572, 578. 
Eclipse 

beliefs concerning 19: 257, 441. 
ceremony at Taos after an 31: 15. 
effect of, at Cibola 14: 518. 
Isleta attitude toward 47: 342. 
of the sun, pictographs of 10: 722. 
record of, in Idowa calendar 17: 
378. 
Eclipses 

beliefs concerning 45: 178; 46: 

415. 
calendar of, in Nevada 14: 774. 
Eskimo beliefs concerning 18: 430 

sq. 
Guiana Indian ideas of 30: 254 

sqq., 257 sqq. 
how regarded by the Indians 4: 

125; 14: 674. 
in Tewa conception 29: 46. 
ob.served by the Pima 26: 61, 63. 
Paiute notion of 14: 773. 
predicted by Smohalla 14: 720. 
Wovoka entranced during 14: 771. 
See also EcUpse. 
Econchatimico, reservation for 18: 

706. 
Economic Life at Isleta 47: 211 sq. 
Economic Plants 38: § 246. 
Economics 

discussion of 20: lxiv-lxxviii. 
elements of 20: Lxvii. 
Ecstasism, definition of 1 : 36. 
Eczema among the Pima 26: 268. 
Edible Plants, nature and use of 

30: 65-76. 
Edicule from Guadeloupe 34: 136. 
Editorial Work of the Bureau 20: 
xxiii; 24: xxxiii; 25: xxm; 
26: xxix; 27: 12; 28: 19; etc. 
Edson, Casper 

Arapaho delegate to Wovoka 14: 

900. 
Wovoka's letter written by 14: 780. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



339 



Education 

as an agency of instruction 20: 

cxcvi. 
discussion of need of 46: 466-470. 
how regarded by tlie Sioux 14: S37. 
of children 45: 281 sq. 
of Chickasaw children 44: 222 sgq. 
of Creek Indians 42: 363-367. 
of East Cherokee 19: 166. 
of Guiana Indians 38: § 912. 
of Pima Indians 26: 190 sqc/. 
See also Christianity; Civilization; 
Schools; Syllabary. 
Edwards, — 

on the.Vntilleans 25: 218. 

on the language of Stockbridge 28: 

284, 290. 
reference to 28: 238. 
Edwards, Captain — , in Sword-bearer 

affair 14: 707. 
Edwards, Frank S., on Pecos 29: 

476. 
Edwards, Hayden, rebellion organ- 
ized by 19: 143. 
Edwards, N., Menomini treaty com- 
missioner 14: 20, 21. 
Edwardsville 

confirmation of cession by treaty of 

18: 742. 
treaties of 14: 692; 18: 692, 696 
sgq. 
Edznab day symbol, discussion of 

16: 258. 
Ee day symbol, discussion of 16: 243. 
Eeh land cessions and reservations 

18: 788. 
Eek 46: 192. 
Eel 

in Cherokee myth 19: 308. 
name of Tlingit gaming stick 26: 
444. 
Eel Grass 

eating of 35: 512. 
gathering of 35: 510. 
mention of 35: 335, 554. 
pole for gathering 35: 155. 
use of, in steaming food 35: 245. 
Eel River. Sec Miami (Eel River 

Band) . 
Eells, Edwin, attitude of, toward 

Shaker religion 14: 756. 
Eells, Rev. Myron 

acknowledgments to 14: xLiii, 655. 
attitude of, toward Shaker religion 
14: 756. 



Eells, Rev. Myron — Continued 

Unguistic literature 7: 24. 

material collected by 24: 155, 253, 
303. 

on canoe burial 1: 171. 

on Chimakuan language and habitat 
7: 62, 63. 

on dice game, Twana 24: 158. 

on dice used by various tribes 24: 
155 sq. 

on gambhng by Indians 24: 256 sq. 

on hand game, Twana 24: 304. 

on Shaker religion 14: 747. 

on Slocum's trance 14: 746. 

on Thunder-bird 4: 189. 

on Twana bark-stripping 13: 109. 

on Twana tattooing 4: 49, 64. 

reference to work of 11: 520. 
Eenoolooapik, cited 6: 410, 425, 464. 
Effigies 

animal, finding of, in Pueblo ruins 
22, i: 109. 

bone, ivory and stone 46: 88, 173. 

clay, from Cochiti 2: 408. 

clay, from Laguna 2: 402. 

clay, from Santa Clara 2: 416. 

clay, from Zuni 2: 364. 

clay, use of, in burial, eastern United 
States 20: 33. 

collection of Indian 3: 574. 

in Cdlako ceremony 15: 296. 

use of, among the Eskimo 1 1 : 260. 
Effigy Bowls 34: 68, 70, 237; 38: 

§98. 
Effigy Mounds 

area of distribution of 12: 530. 

as property marks 37: 79, 203. 

at Fond du Lac 37: 98. 

at Pishtaka 37: 94. 

attributed to Siouan tribes 12: 709. 

bear type 37: 90, 91, 99. 

bird type 37: 95, 99, 101. 

definition of 12: 31. 

discussion of 5: xL. 

distribution of 37: 78 sq. 

examination of 44: 494. 

explanation of 37: 39. 

goose, where found 37: 99 

in Wisconsin 4: 61. 

made by the Winnebago 37: 76. 

mammal 37: 96, 101. 

mention of 10: 212. 

notices of 12: 49, 54, 55, 56-63, 
69, 73, 84, 85, 86, 88, 90, 91, 98, 
108, 493 



340 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL KEPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Effigy Mounds — Continued 
number of 37: 83. 
of the Dakotan district 12: 530. 
panther or water-spirit type 37: 

90, 99. 
possible purpose of 37: 98. 
representations of clan animals 37: 

79, 80, 98. 
significance of distribution 37: 49. 
size of, comparative 12: 533. 
turtle and allied forms 37: 96, 101. 
types found 37: 93, 98. 
unknown animals 37: 96. 
water-spirit type of, where found 

37: 99. 
Wingra type 37: 94. 
Wisconsin, chiefly confined to 12: 

531. 
Efflgy Pipes, South Appalachian group 

20: 141. 
Effigy Vases 

from .southern Arizona, description 

and figures of 22, i: 189-192. 
Middle Mississippi Valley group 

20: 87. 
See also Life Forma. 
Egberts, — , casts made by 43 : 18. 
Egede, Hans 
cited 6: 412. 
description of Eskimo deer hunt by 

9: 265. 
description of Eskimo tents by 9: 

85. 
on Eskimo bows 9: 199. 
on Eskimo burials 9: 427. 
on Eskimo burials of children 9: 

426. 
on Eskimo customs at childbirth 

9: 415. 
on Eskimo diet 9: 64. 
on Eskimo divorce 9: 412. 
on Eskimo drinks 9: 65. 
on Eskimo exchange of wives 9: 

413. 
on Eskimo fire-making 9: 029. 
on Eskimo fishing 9: 284 sqq. 
on Eskimo mortuary customs 9: 

424. 
on Eskimo saws 9: 174. 
on Eskimo treatment of women 9: 

414. 
on Eskimo umiak oars 9: 339, 343. 
on Eskimo umiak rowing 9: 335. 



Egede, Hans — Continued 

on Eskimo whale hunting 9: 272, 

275. 
on personal habits of Greenlanders 

9: 421. 
on seal catching 9: 256, 269. 
work of, consulted 9: 22. 
Egg 

eaten, bird's 38: § 163. 
eaten, of iguana 38: §216. 
eaten, of toad frog 38: § 218. 
eaten, of turtle 38: § 163, 215. 
string figure of 38: § 685. 
.See o/xo Eggs. 
Egg, Broken, legend of 30: 323. 
Eggleston, Edward, on Tecumtha 

19: 216. 
Eggs 

Eskimo methods of gathering 18: 

133, 278. 
of birds, finding of, in grave in 
Pueblo ruins on Little Colorado 
River 22, i: 111. 
use of, as food 30: 381. 
.See also Egg. 
Egoism 

in esthetic activities 19: lix. 
of primitive thought 19: 830-S33. 
of the Seri 17: 133*, 154* sq. 
Egremont, Lord, on English policy to- 
ward Indians 18: 557. 
Egret in Cherokee myth 19: 284. 
Egypt 

Lower Mississippi Valley ware resem- 
bling that of 20: 103. 
petroglyphs in 10: 179 sq. 
Egyptian 

characters connected with signs 1 : 
304, 355, 357, 358, 359, 370, 379, 
380. 
tattooing 4: 78. 
use of cross 4: 253. 
writing 4: 13, 14. 
Egyptians 

mourning ceremonies of 10: 631. 
myths of 19: 438. 
similarity of Indian mortuary offer- 
ings to those of 20: 40. 
symbolic characters of 10: 642, 

643, 645. 
symbolic color of 10: 634. 
symbols of deities of 10: 466. 
Ehecatl day symbol, discussion of 16: 
215, 219, 220. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



341 



Ehrenreich, P., cited 30: 121, 129, 

133, 256. 
Eighteen-mile Spring, Ariz., ruin at 

22, i: 127. 
Eixarch, Tomas, reference to 28: .57. 
Ekilik 46: 190. 

EkkekuU, description of 30: 172. 
Ekkishihi, counting string 38: §9.39. 
Eklutna School 46: 37. 
Ekogmute 46: 218, 221. 
Ekpik 46: 202. 
Ekuk 46: 190. 

El Bailarin, naming of 44: 42. 
El Bebedor in Pima mythology 26: 

212 .■iq. 
El Bermejo, Fray 25: 55. 
El CastiUo, Totonac pyramid 25: 

249. 
El Dorado, origin of 6: 35. 
El Infiernillo, characters of 17: 

45 .«/-/. 
El Juez Tarado, Pima and Maricopa 

villages 26: 21. 
El Montecito, mention of 44: 35. 
El Moro 

pictographs at 4: 28. 
Spanish inscriptions at 13: 326. 
El Morro, New Mexico, National 

Monument 28: 18. 
El Mudo 

account of Porter-Johnson episode 

by 17: 121 sq. 
portrait of 17: 154. 
rank of 17: 177. 
stature of 17: 136. 
El Paso County, Tex., Indian map on 

rock in 10: .344. 
El Paso del Norte, Tex., petroglyphs 

near 10: 115. 
El Patillo, ball race, Tarahumare 24: 

677. 
El Picacho, skirmish at, in Civil War 

26: 48. 
EI Puerto de Santa Barbara, mention 

of 44: 35. 
El Bincon, mention of 44: 35. 
El Siba, ancient Pima chief 28: 55. 
El Tajin, Totonac pyramid 25: 249, 

273. 
El Toro Creek, mention of 44: 35. 
Elab day symbol, discussion of 16: 

239.'^ 
Elaborate Eatcinas of the Tusavan 

15: 254, 268. 



Elaeagnus Argentea 45: 496, 508. 
Elbow Stones 

arms of 34: 199 sq. 

characteristic of Greater Antilles 
34: 180. 

comparison of, with collars 34: 
200 sq., 207 sqq. 

distribution of 34: 60, 199. 

mention of 25: 182 sqq.; 34: 198- 
209. 

theories concerning use of 34: 263 
sqq. 

with face in relief 34: 201, 202-200. 

without face 34: 202, 206 sq. 
Elden Mountain, excavation near 

43: 2. 
Elden Pueblo 

collection from 44: 18. 

description of 43: 2 sqq. 

researches at 44: 2. 
Elder 

American, medicinal use of 45: 
474. 

European Red, use of 45: 489. 
Elder Bark, medicinal use of 43 : 265. 
Elder Flowers, medicinal use of 43: 

265. 
Elder Brother, among the Pima 

calendar arranged by 26: 36. 

in mythology 26: 209-230, 248. 

in religion 26: 251. 

in song 26: 27.5-282, 288, 290, 304, 
305, 309, 327, 334. 

in tales 26: 245. 

speech of 26: 339-346. 
Elder Household Gens 36: 118. 
Elder Tree, mythical story concerning 

43: 59-90. 
Elder Wa-zha'-zhe Gens, wi'-gi-e of 

36: 92 sq. 
Elderberries 

hook for picking 35: 155. 

mixed with salal-berries 35: 267. 

picking of 35: 204, 567. 

preservation of 35: 255-263. 

unripe 35: 567. 
Elderberry 

bushes, why grow on graves 31 : 62. 

medicinal u.<e of 42: 661. 
Elderberry Cakes, eating of 35: 564. 
Eldodt, Samuel 

pottery collection of 29: 203. 

reference to 29: 151, 217, 222. 
Eldon, Iowa, mounds in 5: 33, 34. 



342 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Elecampane, medicinal use of 44: 

266. 
Election 

at Isleta 47: 251. 
date of 47: 289. 
for chieftainship 38: § 746-748. 
of officers 47: 60. 
(if Omaha chiefs 3: 358. 
Electric Power, use of 20: XLiii, 
Eleio 33: 058. 
Elements 

cults of the 11: 522. 

to cardinal points, reference to 3: 

47 sqq. 
year, reference to 3: 49. 
Elements of Design 41: 245-258. 
Elephant 

arctic, at Big Bone Lick 42: 790. 
Cheroliee name for 19: 265. 
Elephant Bed at Kimmswicli, Mo., 

discussion of 44: 484-487. 
Elephant Mound 
mention of 2: 152. 
pipes from 2: 155. 
Elephant Point 
old sites 46: 171. 
ruins on 18: 264 sq. 
Eleutak 46: 199. 
Eleuthera, number of specimens from 

34: 50. 
Elevating, method of, in trephining 

16: .56, 00. 
Eleventh Census of United States 
Indians 
on Ojibwa tying wild rice 19: 1058. 
on wild rice harvest feasts 19: 1091. 
Elf, story about 43: 339-343. 
Elgunwe', The 35: 811, 1104. 
Eliche 

Coweta "king" 42: 34. 
interpretation of name 42: 34. 
Eliot, John, Natick forms obtained 

from 28: 272 sq. 
Elizondo, Domingo, campaign against 

Seri by 17: 75. 
Elk 

a life symbol 36: 109, 113. 

as man's helper, Osage 27: 63, 571. 

horns, appearance of, in Hopi kat- 

cinas 21: 60. 
hunting of 27: 271, 274; 46: 637. 
in Cherokee country 19: 263, 447. 
myth concerning 19: 467. 



Elk — Continued 

rites connected with war, Osage 27: 

194. 
Spanish, connection with man 27: 

512. 
taboo among the Omaha 11: 412. 
Elk Clan 

customs of the 37: 249. 
functions of the 37: 201, 249. 
origin of, myth of 37: 250. 
personal names of the 37: 250. 
Elk Game, Oglala Dakota 24: 430, 

505. 
Elk Oens 

mention of 3: 225-228; 36: 112- 

115. 
names 3: 227. 

personal names for 43: 141 sq. 
sacred tent of 3: 226. 
scouts of 3: 226. 
style of wearing the hair 3: 225. 
taboo of the 3: 225. 
worship of thunder by 3: 227. 
See also We'zhi"shte Gens. 
Elk Horns, mound of 46: 398. 
Elk People 

myth of the 14: 182. 
O-sage, reference to the 27: 63. 
Elk River, remains on 42: 755. 
Elk Biver Valley, W. Va., mounds in 

5: 55. 
Elk Songs 39: 338-344. 
Elk Teeth, value of 46: 589. 
Elkhorn River, references to 27: 88, 

89, 100, 408, 623. 
EUesmere Land, natives of 6: 459, 

460. 
Ellet, Mrs. Elizabeth Fries 

on use of wild rice by early settlers 

19: 1104. 
on wild rice in Wisconsin 19: 1034. 
Ellicott, Andrew, survey of Cherokee 

boundary by 5: 163 sqq. 
Elliott, — , drawing by 18: 331 sq. 
EUiott, C. P. 46: 333. 
Elliott, E. M., cooperation with 41: 

101. 
Elliott, George, killed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
Elliott, W. M., on area of Porto Rico 

25: 21. 
EUiptical Houses 38: § 307, 308. 
Ellis, Albert G. 

on (luck in Wisconsin 19: 1098. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



343 



19: 



14: 



ElUs, Albert G.— Continued 
on Eleazer Williams 14: 23. 
on Menomini gathering of wild rice 

19: 1062, 1063. 
on Menomini land cession.s 14: 22. 
on Menomini propertj- right in %\iki 

rice 19: 1073. 
on Menomini threshing wild ric-e 

19: 1067. 
on Menomini tying wild rice 

1058. 
on Menomini wild-rice broth 

1083. 
on popular synonym for wiUl 

19: 1023. 
on selection of Menomini chief 

46. 
on the Stambaugh treaty 14: 29. 
on winnowing wild rice 19: 1070. 
Ellis, G. E., cited on Massachusetts 

history 18: 599. 
Ellis, H. 

cited on Eskimo fire-making 9: 290. 
work of, consulted 9: 22. 
Ellsworth, Henry L. 

commissioner to report on the 
country assigned to the Indians of 
the West 5: 251. 
commissioner to treat with 
Cherokee 5: 249. 
Elm 

medicinal use of 43:266. 
sUppery. medicinal use of 42: 
Elm Cap 33: 61. 
Elect, a Tlaqluit synonym 14: 
Elopement, Omaha marriage b\- 3 

260. 
Elsmereland 

ethnologic investigation in 21: xii 
visit nf Robert Stein to 22, i: xiv. 
El son — 

cited on Eskimo salutations 9: 422. 
visit of, to Point Barrow 9: 65. 
visit of, to Refuse Inlet, Alaska 9: 
52. 
Elson Bay, Alaska, location of 9: 

27. 
Elvas, Knight of 
cited 42: 682, 702. 
on De Soto's e.xpedition 19: 21-27, 

191-201. 
on Georgia Indian blankets 13: 24. 
on Georgia Indian costumes 13: 22. 
on salt making by American aborig- 
ines 20: 28. 



the 



740. 



Elves of the Siouan tribes 11:481. 
Ely, Prof. Richard T., acknowledg- 
ments to 19: 1019. 
Ely Mound in Virginia 1 : 295. 
Elymus Triticoides 45: 499,515. 
Emaa, the Kiowa tai'me guardian 17: 

241. 
Emankina, Biaiik'i's vision of 14: 

910. 
Emathlochee, reservation for 18: 

706. 
E-maut-lau Hut-ke, warrior of the 

Creek nation 42: 328. 
Emb almment 

of Aleutian Islanders 1 : 135, 136. 
of Congaree and Santee Indians 1: 

132, 133. 
on mummification 1: 130. 
Embellishment. See Decoration. 
Emblems 

distinguished from signs 1: 389. 

signification of 10: 610 sg. 

use of, in early and modern times 

10: 373, 376. 
See also Crests. 
Embroidery 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 92. 
lack of remains of 13: 12. 
mention of 45: 46 sq., 73. 
of the Southern Indians 13: 28. 
Emelik 46: 207. 
Emergence 

Acoma myth of 47: 142-147. 
Isleta myth of 47: 359-363. 
singing the song of 47: 298. 
Emerson, Mrs. Ellen Russell, cited 
on Indian customs 9: 490, 495. 
Emerson, Dr. Nathaniel B. 
acknowledgment to 29: 19. 
work of 29: 19; 30: 10. 
Emesis, ceremonial 47: 117. 132. 

291. 
Emetic 

.\deiioporium gossipifolium as an 

38: § 920. 
Allamanda aublelii used as 38: 
§ 920. 
Emetics 

of the Guiana Indians 38: § 920. 
of the Zuni 30: 51, 55, 58, 59, 60. 
plants used as 42: 657, 659, 670. 
taken before ceremonials, purpose of 
11: 87. 



344 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Emigration 

of the Sagdlirmiut 6: 618 sqq. 

to California 26: 30 sgq. 
Emmert, John W. 

appointed assistant 12: 19. 

excavation of mounds in Monroe 
County, Tenn., by 12: 676. 

explorations of 5: xx, xxii, 74-77. 

field work of 6: xxvi, xxvii. 

mortuary fabrics procured by 13: 
20. 

specimens of fraudulent articles pro- 
cured by 12: 347. 

work of 7: xvii; 8: xix; 10: xi, 

XII. 

Emmons, Lieut. George T. 
acknowledgment to 29: 12. 
coUection made by 24: 130, 244, 

245, 289; 29: 21. 
collection of obsidian blades ob- 
tained through 22, i: xxxix. 
on location and games of Tlingit 

24: 245 sg. 
on Nanyaa'yl 26: 411. 
on stick games, Chilkat 24: 244. 
on stick games, Taku 24: 244, 245. 
on Tlingit basketry 26: 395. 
on Tlingit gaming sticks 26: 444. 
Emory, — , study of ruins discovered 

by 19: xiv. 
Emory, W. H. 

on Acoma 29: 543. 
on Isleta 29: 529. 
visit of, to Casa Grande 13: 297. 
Emory, Lieut. W. H. 
"Notes" by 26: 30. 
on building materials used at Pueblo 

Viejo 22, i: 177. 
on character of Pima 26: 198. 
on chickens and dogs among the 

Pima 26: 86. 
on dice game, Yuma 24: 209. 
on Pima ki 26: 155. 
on Pima livestock 26: 85. 
on Pima myth 26: 240. 
on Pima spinning 26: 148 sq. 
on Pueblo Viejo VaUey in 1846 22, i: 

174. 
on use of aguardiente by Pima 26: 

62. 
visit of, to the Pima 7: 98. 
Emory, Col. William H. (i^robably the 

same as the preceding three), 
on Casa Grande 28: 63 sq. 
work of 28: 44. 



Emotional Language, evolution of 

20: cxL-cxLiv. 
Emukf aw Creek, battle of 19:92. 
E-nagh-magh language of Lane 7: 

122. 
Enamels 

use of, by American potters 20: 

49. 
See also Glaze. 
En-a-tse-gi, Navaho name of Canyon 

de Chelly 16: 95. 
Encaconados, Sonoran use of term 

14: 35S. 
Encampment, regulations for, Wyan- 
dot 1: 64. 
Encelia Farinosa, chewing gum from 

26: 78. 
Enchanted Mesa 

exploration o( 19: xiii-xix. 
story concerning 47: 25. 
Enchanted Mountain, Ga. 
petroglyphs in 10: 76. 
rock carving on 4: 23. 
Encinas, Anita, acknowledgments to 

17: 20. 
Encinas, Pascual 

acknowledgments to 17: XLi, XLiv 

sq., 13, 14, 20. 
effect on Seri of rule of 17: 1 14 s?. 
establishment of ranches by 17: 

109-113. 
on Seri archery posture 17: 201*. 
on Seri population 17: 113, 135. 
portrait of 17: 13. 
relation to Seri of 17: 109-114, 

277*, 278*. 
services rendered by 16: lxiii. 
visit to Seriland by 17:111. 
war with Seri by 17: 112. 
Encyclopedia, work on 17: XLVIII. 
Endogamy 

among the Chickasaw 44: 199. 
among the Chitimaclia 42: 695. 
among the Kwakiutl 35: 781. 
See also Incest. 
Endowment 

robe of the Mormons 14: 790. 
use of wealth for 20: LXXi. 
Endurance 

of the Eskimo 18: 29 
See also Flogging. 
Eneeshur, a Tapiinash synonym 14: 
740. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



345 



use of, by the Chippewa 44: H.'il. 
See also Bladder. 
Enemata of Guiana 38: § 289, 021. 
Energy, discussion of 19: LXiv. 
Engelhardt, Prof. C. 1: 139. 
EngeLhardt, Father Zephyrin, assist- 
ance rendered Ijy 45: 3 s<j. 
Engelmann Spruce, use of 45: 499, 

505. 
England 

Cherokee visit to 19: 36. 
enlistment of Tecumtha in service of 

19: 88. 
turf monuments in 10: 172 sg. 
English 

claim to land in America, basis of 

18: 528. 
explorations, Yukon 46: 128. 
Indian belief of origin of 14: 721. 
Indian regard for the 14: 676. 
policy toward Indians 18: 549- 

561. 
tools, occurrence of, in Georgia 

mounds 20: 139. 
writers on the Southeast 42: 678, 

679, 680. 
See also European; Missionaries; 
Traders. 
English (P) Clan, native name for 

42: 116 
English Language 

influence of, on geographic nomen- 
clature 19: 1115. 
spread of, among the Zuni 23: 382, 
383. 
English's Ferry, Va. 

trail from Richmond to 42: 762. 
See also Inglis' Ferry. 
Engraved Celts 38: § 11. 
Engraved Gorgets. See Gorgets. 
Engraved Rocks 38: § 780, 781. 
Engraved Shells 

found in mounds 3: 61, 62. 
mention of 12: 575. 
Engraving. See Decoration; Inci- 
sion; Paddles; Stamps. 
Enigmatical Objects 

from St. Vincent 34: 11,5-118. 
of the Antilles 25:96-99. 
See also Problematical Objects. 
Enlistment of Indians 17: 223. 
Enllopado, drunk with parica 38: 
§286. 



Eno 

as traders 42: 723. 
hoop and pole game of the 24: 510. 
mention of 42: 704. 
town of, on Eno River 42: 776. 
E-no"-rai"-dse-to" Gens 

arrows made by priests of 39: 364. 
life symbol of 36: 99. 
wi'-gi-e of 36: 98-101. 
Entochopco Creek, attack on Jack- 
son at 19: 92. 
Enriquez, Justo Garcia, owner of 

idol 25: 279. 
Enriquez, Martin, plan of Cempoalau 

given to 25: 233. 
Ensilage, practice of 38: § 231. 
Entada Polystachya, for obtaining 
water in times of scarcity 38: 
§ 254. 
Enteatkeon, a tribe mentioned by 

Stevens 14: 736. 
Entrails 

eaten, of bush hog 38: § 167. 
eaten, of deer 38: § 168. 
eaten, of tapir 38: § 174, 272. 
Entrances 

miiformity of direction of, in Zuni 

houses 8: 116. 
See also Doorways. 
Entyloma Crastophilum, destruc- 
tive to wild rice 19: 1027. 
Enumeration 

development of language of 20: 

CLXIX. 

methods of 38: § 939, 940. 
Environment 

adaptation of architecture to 8: 
225, 226, 227, 228. 

adjustment of Seri to 17: 157, 
163*. 

affecting habitations 4: 473. 

affecting pottery 4: 483. 

as a factor in culture 25: 21. 

as affecting language 7: 141. 

basketry affected by 41:143. 

ceremonials affected by 27: 261. 

effect of, on potter's art 20: 22 sq., 
24, 145, 146, 150, 159 sq. 

effect of, on primitive people 17: 
475. 

influence of, on habitations 28: 187. 

influence on Seri technique and men- 
tality of 17: 266*, 268* sg. 

of the Zuni 47: 473 sq. 



346 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



(ETH. 



Environment — Continued 

progressive freedom from 17: 295*. 
village sites influenced by 16: 153. 
See also Habitat. 
Environmental Influences on the 

Eskimo 46: 365. 
Eokoro, identified with Arikara 15: 

190. 
Eototo 

clan and mythic personage of 19: 

605. 
derivation of 21: 125. 
description of 21: 76 s?. 
identity of, with Masawfl 21: 38. 
origin of name of 21: 77. 
participation in PowamA festival by 

21: 67. 
personification of 15: 297. 
E'pea, Biank'i's vision of 14: 910. 
Epel, a being opposed to God 30: 

130. 
Ephedra Antisyphilitica Berland, 

Pima medicine 26: 80. 
Epicampes, medicine men and 30: 

333. 
Epidemics 

among the Alaskan natives 46: 

107, 130, 133, 171. 
among the Kwahadk' 26: 59. 
among the Pima 26: 52, 53, 56, 61. 
among the Sioux 14: 830, 840. 
measles 26: 58, 64. 
smallpox 26: 55, 64. 
See also Cholera; Measles; Plague; 
Smallpox; Whooping Cough. 
Epilepsy 

among the Pima 26:268. 
remedy used for 42: 658. 
Epileptic and Insane, how regarded 

by the Apache 9: 460 sq. 
Epilobium Angustifolium 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 301. 
mention of 45: 483, 498. 
use of 44: 289, 342, 356. 
Epilobium sp. 45: 468, 506. 
Epithets, use of 42: 358. 
Epley's Ruin, Pueblo Viejo Valley. 
description of 22, i: 171. 
objects obtained from 22, i: 171. 
Epone, France, petroglyphs in 10: 

175 sq. 
Eponym, beliefs respecting 11: 542 
Epsom Creek, pottery, Utah 4 
286 sq. 



Equal-armed Cross, design in Pima 

basketry 26: 136, 137, 139. 
Equality 

in life of people 41: 540 sq. 
principles of 20: Lxxx sqq. 
Equinoxes, not recognized by the Tewa 

29: 47, 62. 
Equipage for Horses 13: 280. 
Equisetaceae 33: 63. 
Equisetum 33: 63. 
Equisetum Hiemale, use of 44: 

2S9, 366, 377. 
Equisetum Praealtum, use of 44: 

289. 
Equisetum sp. 45: 462, 497, 510, 

511. 
Equituni, Pima village 26: 20. 
Equity, principles of 2: lxxx. 
Equus Asinus. See Burro. 
Equus Caballus. See Horse. 
Erdmann, F., cited 6: 412, 597. 
Ericaceae 33: 63. 
Ergot, employed by the Zuni 30: 63. 
Erie, agreement between Seneca and 

19: 8.52. 
Erigeron Canadensis 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 301. 
use of 44: 2X9, 342, 356. 
Erigeron Compositus 45: 465. 
Erigeron Filifolius 45: 465 
Erigeron Salsuginosus 45: 497. 
Erigeron sp. 45: 468, 493. 
Erigonum sp. 45: 470. 
Erin Bay, description of settlement of 

34: 65. 
Erin Bay Midden, excavations in 34: 

9. 
Eriodendron, "cotton" for darts 38: 

§ 124. 
Eriogonum, used in ceremonies 30: 

91. 
Eriogonum Androsaceum 45: 470. 
Eriogonum Heracleoides 45: 464, 

470, 505. 
Ermine Skins 

Eskimo ceremonial objects made of 

18: 418. 
Eskimo fetish 18: 441. 
value of 46: 589. 
Ermine Totem, representation of 

18: 324. 
Ernest, a Menomini, genealogy of 14: 
50. 



BONNERJEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



347 



Errors 

common, concerning the Eskimo 1 1 : 

XLII. 

in arrangement of designs 41: 2s7- 

295. 
in pictography 4: 247-253. 
Eryngium Foetidum, febrifuge 38: 

§ 297. 
Eryngium Yuccafolium, medicinal 

use of 42: 655. 
ErysimurQ, use of, in ceremonies 30: 

90. 
Erysimum Cheiranthoides, use of 

44: 2,S9, 350. 
Erythrina Herbacea, medicinal use of 

42: 666. 
Erythronium 

boUing of 35: 547. 
digging of 35: 197. 
preparation of 35: 544. 
raw and baked 35: 548. 
Erythronium Albidium 33: "1. 
Erythronium Grandiflorum 45: 

48 1. 
Eythronium Mesochoreum 33: 

71. 
Erythroxylum 38: § 287. 
Es-a-nanaca. See Isana'naka. 
Esar-kee-tum mee-see 

the Life Controller 42: .509. 
See also Hisagita Immisi. 
E-sau-ge-tuh Enis-see 
the Great Spirit 42: 514. 
<See aUo Hisagita Immisi. 
Esaw. See Catawba. 
Escalante, Sergt. Juan Bautista de 
expeditions against Seri by 17: 60 

sq., 70. 
reference to 28: 55. 
Escalante, Silvestre Velez 
on Galistea 29: 482. 
on Quivira 29: .566. 
on Tajique 29: .533. 
on Tsawarii 29: 254. 
Escalante Ruins, reference to 28: 

112, 114. 
Escalona, Fray Juan de, builder of 
church at Santo Domingo 29: 
4.50. 
Escamela, Mexico, stone of the 

giants at 10: 133. 
Escandron, founder of .AJtamira 25: 
276, 278. 
95719°— 33 23 



Escondida, Calif., petroglyphs near 

10: 62 sq. 
Escudero, Jose A. de 
on Pojoaque 29: 334. 
on Santo Domingo 29: 449. 
on Seri 17: 93. 
Esien, Qustav, as to ruins of Copan 

3: 64. 
E'sikwita 

;i Iviowa Apache synonym 17: 245. 
Kiowa name of Mescalero 17: 303. 
Eskimauan Family 7: 71-75. 
Eskimauan Migrations, study of 

21: XII. 
Eskimauan Peoples, characterization 

of 18:- Liii sq. 

Eskimauan Stock 

tribes of the 24: 

Eskimo, Central 102, 472, 473, 
544, 547, 701, 709, 712, 736, 737, 
751, 752, 767, 782, 783. 
Ita 549, 701, 712, 752, 769. 
Koksoagmiut 700. 
Labrador 283, 548, 699, 737. 
Western 104, 386, 474, 629, 701, 
706, 723, 729, 737, 753, 805. 
Eskimo 

about Bering Strait, memoir on 

18: Li-Liv, 19-518. 
about Bering Strait, work among 

18: XXXIII sq. 
adaptation, differentiation, evolu- 
tion 46: 359, 364, 365. 
admixture with Indians 46: 58, 69, 
82, 83, 156, 161 sqq., 250, 259, 268' 
365. 
affinities with Asiatics 46: 240, 2.50. 
affinities with Indians 46: 240, 250, 

259, 356, 357, 358, 361, 365. 
aid with skeletal remains 46: 103, 

109, HI, 113, 114. 
Alaska, linguistic research among 

21: XII. 
and PaleoHthic man of Europe 46: 

175, 331, 347. 
anthropological groups 46: 274. 
antiquity of 46: 169, 181, 238. 
arrow points, ivory 46 : 67, 135, 173. 
arm stretch of 46: 229. 
Asiatic 46: 210, 226, 234, 237, 361, 

364. 
.\siatic, crania of 46: 254, 257, 259, 

364. 
Asiatic, nose of 46: 268. 



348 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL KEPORTS 



[eth. 



Eskimo — Continued 

attitude toward skeletal remains 

46: 70, 76, 78, 97, 103, 109, 111, 

113, 114, 184. 
axes, adzes 46: 135. 
barter 46: 91, 93, 102, 103, 145. 
bones, fear of 46: 70. 
bones, long 46: 156, 160, 163, 164, 

165, 326. 
boxes, burial, painting of 46: 64. 
Central 46: 359. 
Central, investigations of 21: xii. 
Central, paper by F. Boas 6: 399- 

669. 
cephalic and cranial 46: 229. 
character, mentality, behavior 46: 

79, 83, 92, 94, 107, 134, 213-228, 

240, 250. 
children 46: 37, 96. 
children's crania 46: 294-299, 310. 
civilization 46: 92, 133, 181, 366. 
coming to America 46: 359. 
conclusions as to 46: 358. 
contact with Indian 46: 83. 
Coronation Gulf 46: 230. 
cradle of the 46: 361. 
crania, average data in detail 46: 

286-293 
crania of the 46: 231. 
crania, paper on 44: 5. 
crime, execution 46: 94. 
customs of 11: 168. 
dental arch 46: 162, 163, 236, 264. 
digging up old sites 46: 88, 102. 
dishes, wooden 46: 69, 71, 77, 83, 

136. 
disposition, happy 46: 67. 
Eastern, crania 46: 232. 
evolution 46: 168. 
excavation of old sites 46: 88, 93, 

102, 167. 
face 46: 213-228, 229, 232-236, 

241 sq., 249, 251. 
fecundity of 46: 107. 
games of the 24: 

archery 383. 

ball juggling 712. 

buzz 751. 

dice game 102 sqq. 

football 698. 

hand-and-foot ball 705. 

jack-straws 729 sq. 

ring and pin 528, 529. 

shinny 617. 

tops 733. 



Eskimo — Continued 

Golovnin Bay 46: 116. 

Greenland 46: 227, 230. 

habits of the 46: 366. 

head form and size 46: 161 sqq., 

229, 239 sq., 249, 251, 359, 364. 
height sitting 46: 229. 
homogeneity 46: 358. 
Hudson Bay 46: 230, 375. 
Indian mixture 46: 69, 250, 259, 

268. 
Indian-like 46: 69, 79, 82, 99, 107, 

109, 134, 151, 161. 
intermarriages with whites 46: 102, 

106, 111, 151, 362. 
investigations among 45: 15 sq. 
Ita, games of the 24: 

ball juggling 712. 

Ijuzz 752 sq. 

cat's cradle 769. 

football 701. 

ring and pin 549. 
ivory carving of 46: 210. 
journeys 46: 145. 
kind 46: 99. 
Koksagmiut, football game of the 

24: 700 sq. 
Kuskokwim 46: 67, 99, 361. 
Labrador, games of the 24: 

football 699 sq. 

hand game 283. 

ring and pin 548. 

tops 737. 
language of the 26: xxii. 
language, sketch of 27: 9. 
Mackenzie River 46: 229, 230. 
marriage among the 46: 107. 
masks of the 46: 84, 173, 175. 
measurements of 46: 229, 238. 
method of constructing numbers 

19: 928. 
method of flaking stones 13: 140, 

172. 
migrations of 46: 365. 
mixed bloods 46: 55, 99, 107, 111, 

134. 
mixture with Indian 46: 53, 69, 

82, 83, 156, 161 sqq., 250, 259, 268, 

357, 358, 359, 361-365. 
Mongol affinities 46:214-227,299. 
myths of 11: 193, 195; 19: 441, 

443. 
myths of, paper on 19: xxx. 
names 46: 109. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



349 



Eskimo — Continued 

nose 46: 229, 234, 235, 236, 237, 

247-270. 
of Noatak River 46: 229, 130. 
of Nome 46: 89. 
of Point Barrow, isolation of 9: 26. 
of Point Barrow, paper on, by J. 

Murdoch 9: 1-441. 
of Point Barrow, range of 9: 26 sg. 
of Savonga, clean 46: 92. 
of the Ungava district 1 1 : 175. 
orbits 46: 234, 235, 236, 237, 264, 

270-274. 
origin of 46: 181,329,333-361,365. 
part of yellow-brown stem 46: 357. 
physical characteristics 46: 358, 

359, 364. 
Point Barrow 46: 215, 218, 226, 

227, 230. 
Point Hope 45: 226, 230. 
population, density of 46: 132, 181. 
pottery of 46: 67, 69, 78, 95, 121, 

145, 147, 173. 
purity of 46: 365. 
race unity or plurality of 46: 356. 
relations with Thngit 26: 414. 
report on 11: XLi 
St. Lawrence, civilized 46: 92. 
settlements, selection of sites 46: 

182. 
shoulders 46: 229. 
singing of 46: 107. 
Smith Sound 46: 230. 
stature 46: 213-228, 229, 230, 238, 

315 sqq., 326, 359, 364. 
stone charms and amulets of 13: 

115. 
stone lamps, ornate 46: 34, 55, 

136, 173. 
tattooing of 4: 64. 
the name 46: 329. 
use of bolas by 13: 95. 
use of perforated stones by 13: 98. 
use of sinker-stones by 13: 111. 
village sites, investigation of 44: 

14. 
villages. Lower Yukon 46: 67, 129, 

132, 361. 
wars of 46: 86, 117, 118, 170, 171, 

358. 
whale fishing of 11: 174. 
work on 8: xxvii, .xxviii. 
See ahit Eskimo, Alaskan; etc.; 

Esquimaux; Innuit. 



Eskimo, Alaskan, archeology. See 

Archeology. 
Eskimo, Central 
games of the 24: 

ball juggling 712. 

buzz 751 sq. 

cat's cradle 767 sqq. 

dice games 102. 

football 701. 

hoop and pole 472 sqq. 

ring and pin 544-547. 

tops 736 sq. 

tossed ball 709. 

unclassified games 782 sq. 
paper on, by F. Boas 6: 399-669. 
See also Eskimo. 
Eskimo, Midwestern 

basiofacial dimensions 46: 278. 
crania of 46: 364. 
dental arch 46: 275. 
facial 46: 265. 
lower jaw 46: 300. 
nose 46: 269. 
orbits 46: 273. 
skeletal parts 46: 314-317. 
Eskimo, Northeastern 

basiofacial diameters 46: 278. 
crania 46: 359. 
dental arch 46: 275. 
facial 46: 265. 
lower jaw 46: 300. 
mention of 46: 256, 261. 
nose 46: 269. 
orbits 46: 273. 
Eskimo, Northern or Arctic 

crania, basiofacial diameters 46: 

278. 
dental arch 46: 275. 
facial 46: 265. 
lower jaw 46: 300. 
mention of 46: 227, 256, 257, 260, 

261, 262. 
nose 46: 269. 
orbits 46: 273. 
Eskimo, Northwestern 

basiofacial dimensions 46: 278. 

crania 46: 261. 

dental arch 46: 275. 

facial 46: 265. 

lower jaw 46: 300. 

nose 46: 269. 

orbits 46: 273. 

skeletal parts 46: 314-317. 



350 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Eskimo, Southwestern 

basiofacial dimensions 46: 278. 
crania 46: 262, 364. 
dental arch 46: 275. 
facial parts 46: 264 sqq. 
lower jaw 46: 300. 
nose 46: 269. 
orbits 46: 273. 
skeletal parts 46:314-317. 
Eskimo, Western 

affinities with Indians 46: 316. 
alcoholism among 48: 362. 
anthropology of 46: 364. 
antiquity of 46: 362. 
children 46: 362. 
civilization of 46: 362. 
crania 46: 231, 254. 
crania of children 46: 294. 
culture of 46: 145. 
diseases of 46: 362. 
disposition of 46: 362. 
distribution of 46: 238. 
endurance, strength 46: 362. 
exploitation by, of old remains 46: 

366. 
extension 46: 361. 
games of the 24: 

archery 386 sqq. 

buzz 753 sqq. 

dice games 104. 

football 701. 

hand-and-foot ball 706 sq. 

hoop and pole 474. 

iackstraws 729 sq. 

quoits 723, 724. 

running races 805. 

shinny 629. 

tops 737 sqq. 
homogenous 46: 364. 
inteUigence, mentality, abilities 46: 

362. 
intermarriage among themselves 

46: 362. 
living, anthropometric data 46: 

228-250, 251 sqq. 
living, measurements of 46: 238. 
living, observations on 46: 213, 

228. 
living, physical characteristics of 

46: 213-228. 
long bones 46: 165, 314. 
longevity of 46: 362. 
mixture with Indians 46: 364,365. 



Eskimo, Western — Continued 

mixture with whites 46: 362, 364, 

366. 
observations and measurements of 

46: 364. 
physiological data 46: 247, 249. 
population of 46: 361, 362. 
skeletal remains 46: 163, 165. 
sul)divisions 46: 255. 
Eskimo, Yukon 

crania of 46: 150, 162, 163. 
differences from northern and eastern 

46: 83. 
measurements of living 46: 162. 
mention of 46: S3, 145, 161, 238, 

361. 
skeletal remains 46: 162, 163 sqq. 
stature 46: 164. 
type of 46: 83. 

villages, population of 46: 1.32,133, 
134. 
Eskimogenic Center 46: 365. 
Eskimoid Features in Alaska Indians 
46: 37, 43, 47, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 
58, 59, 151. 
Es-kip-pa-ki-thi-ki 

a Shawnee town 42: 779, 784. 
trail from 42 : 786. 
Eskiun land cessions and reservations 

18: 784. 
Eslen Nation of Galiano 7: 75. 
Esopus, N. Y., petroglyphs at 10: 

98. 
Esoteric Fraternities of the Zuiii 

23: 407-607. 
Espanola, N. Mex. 

petroglyphs near 10: 97. 
visit of ruins near 19: xv. 
Sec also Cuba. 
Espejo, Antonio de 

Acoma described by 47: 25. 
Acoma Snake-dance noted by 16: 

305. 
Awatobi referred to by 17: 596, 

599. 
Awatobi visited by 17: 594. 
expedition of, in 1583 13: 185. 
Mexican Indians found at Cibola by 

14: 401, 536. 
on Acoma 29: 543. 
on clothing of Zufli Indians 14: 517. 
on Coronado's attack on Tiguex 
14: 496. 



BONNEIUEAj 



SUBJECT INDEX 



351 



Espejo, Antonio de — Continued 

on Hopi fabrics 17: 629. 

on Jeniez 29: 402. 

on Pecos 29: 473, 476. 

on Plains Indians 14: 527. 

on Puaray 29: 523, 524. 

on Sia 29: 517, 518. 

reference to 28: 186. 

visit of, to Zuni 13: 327. 

visits Tusayan in 1583 17: 598. 
Espeleta 

an Oraibi chief 17: 601. 

visits Santa F6 17: 601, 602. 
Espeleta, Jose, killed at Orailii 17: 

600. 
Espenberg, Cape. Sec Cape Espen- 

berg. 
Espence, Tomas 

campaign against Seri by 17: 88-93. 

on Seri 17: 91 sq. 
Esperiez, mentioned by Onate 17: 

599. 
Espinosa, death of 14: 555,564,586. 
Espinosa, Isidoro Felis de, on tur- 
quoise 29: 580. 
Espiritu Santo River, identification 
of, with the Mississii)pi 14: 346. 
Esquimaux 

box burial of the 1: 155 sq. 

burial fires of 1: 198. 

cairn burial of 1: 143. 

lodge burial of 1: 154. 

tattooing of the 10: 392-396. 

See o/.so Eskimo. 
Essanape, identification of, with As- 

siiiiboin 15: 190. 
Esselen 

hoop and pole game of the 24: 472. 

not a coastal but an inland people 
48: 8. 

vocabulary of, obtained 10: xv. 
Esselenian Family 7: 75, 76. 
Estakewach, a Pit River band 14: 

1052. 
Estef ania, Senora — , collection of 26 : 

Estevanillo. See Estevan. 
Estevan 

Coronado's account of the death of 

14: 563. 
death of 14: 360, 475, 551, 586. 
death of, described by Colorado 

River Indians 14: 405. 
native legends of death of 14: 361. 



Estevan — Continued 

proceeds to Cibola in advance of 

Niza 14: 355. 
cjualifications of, as a guide 14: 

354. 
survivor of Narvaez expedition 14: 

348. 
travels of 14: 474. 
Estevanico 

Cibola visited by 13: 326. 
death of, at K'iakima 8: 86. 
Esthetic 

activities, re.search in 17: xxix sq. 
cidture, evolution of 20: cxxv. 
culture, value of pottery in study of 

20: IS, 19, 20. 
development, Seri 17: 164*-179*. 
motives, importance of, in human 

progress 17: 176*-179*. 
Esthetic Arts of the Pima 
athletic sports 26: 171-174. 
dancing 26: 170. 
festivals 26: 170 sq. 
games 26: 174-181. 
musical instruments 26: 166-170. 
ornamentation 26: 163-166. 
personal decoration 26: 158-163. 
Esthetic Influence on form and dec- 
oration 
American pottery 20: 25, 61, 62, 

64 sq. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 127. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 162. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 85, 100. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 186. 
Esthetics in Indian symbolism 23: 

XXV. 

Esthetle 

prayer to 8: 272. 

song of 8: 272. 

the first ones, Navaho ceremonial 

8: 264, 271, 272. 
Esthetology 

classification of 15: xix. 
definition of 16: xvi sq. 
oflice work in 22, i: xv-xix. 
or the science of activities designed 

to give pleasure 19: lv-xcii. 
relation of technology to 18: 

xxxix. 
subject matter of 19: xii. 
work in 18: xxx-xxxiv; 19: xix 

sq.; 20: xii; 23: xxii. 



352 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Estolica, spear-thrower 38: § 148. 
Estrada, Alonzo de 
parentage of 14: 474. 
royal treasurer for New Spain 14: 
379. 
Estrada, Beatrice de, wife of Coro- 

nado 14: 379, 478. 
Estrada, Jose de, quoted on Spanish 
pohcy toward Indians 18: 543. 
Estrafort, Guilermo, chart by 17: 

69. 
Estrella Mountains. See Sierra Es- 

trella. 
Estremadura, Spanish province 14: 

511. 
Estufa, Sunken, story aljout 43: 

373. 
Estufas 

at Cibola 14: 518. 

at Kuaua (Torreon) 29: 523. 

at San Cristobdl 29: 487. 

at Santa Ana 29: 521. 

description of 14: 520. 

description of, by Jaramillo 14: 

587. 
duties of headmen of 47: 71. 
references to 14: 569; 29: 361. 
very large, at Braba 14: 511. 
See also Kiva. 
Etah Eskimo, habitat of 7: 72, 73. 
Etchareottine, hand game of the 

24: 272. 
Etchemin, efforts of, to establish 

peace 43: 455. 
Etching 

Eskimo, examples of 18: 48, 54 

sq., 69, 84, 89, 90, 93, 100, 101, 

103, 106, 108, 120, 127, 142, 146, 

148, 165, 182, 191, 193 sqq., 197, 

223, 226, 275-278, 284, 345, 351, 

446. 

Eskimo, implements for 18: 80 sq. 

on birch-bark 44: 396. 

Etherington, Captain — , and the Pon- 

tiac conspiracy 14: 130. 
Ethical Concepts 

of the Tsimshian 31: 443 sg. 
reference to 45: 196. 
Ethics 

classification of subject matter of 

20: cxxxvii. 
evolution of 20: cxxvi sqq. 
fundamental principles of 27: 134. 
in Hethu'shka songs 27: 470. 



Ethics — Continued 

in warfare 27: 602 sq. 

influenced by environment 27: 608. 

influenced by natural phenomena 

27: 597 sq. 
moral equality of sexes 27: 324. 
primitive, original research in 21: 

XXI. 

taught to girls 40: 307. 
See also Ideals; Religion. 
Ethnic 

characteristics, limitations to the use 

of, in study of anthropology 1: 

76. 
determinations, value of study of 

technique in 20: 48. 
See also Peoples. 
Ethnic Science, classification of 18: 

XXV sq.; 19: xi sq. 
Ethnic System of the Bureau, 

features of 22, i: ix sq. 
Ethnobotany 

memoir on, of the Zuni Indians 30: 

25, 31-102. 
studies in, of the Hopi Indians 22, 

i: 17. 
Ethnogamy, characters of 17:283*- 

287*. 
Ethnogeography 

Tewa Indians, memoir on 29: 29- 

618. 
Tewa Indians, memoir on, note on 

29: 25. 
Ethnologic 

facts, connected with signs 1: 384. 
work 2: xxii. 
Ethnologic Researches 
by J. P. Adams 32: 13. 
by Donald Beauregard 32: 13. 
by K. M. Chapman 32: 13. 
by J. W. Fewkes 32: 14. 
by Miss Alice C. Fletcher 32: 22. 
by Nathan Goldsmith 32: 13. 
by John P. Harrington 32: 13. 
by Junius Henderson 32: 13. 
by J. N. B. Hewitt 32: 20. 
by F. W. Hodge. 32: 10. 
by Neil M. Judd 32: 13. 
by Francis La Flesche 32: 22. 
by Truman Michelson 32: 20. 
by James Mooney 32: 14. 
by Sylvanus J. Morley 32: 13. 
by Jesse L. Nusbaum 32: 13. 
by Paul Radin 32: 21. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



353 



Ethnologic Researches — Continued 
by R. W. Robbins 32: 13. 
by Mrs. M. C. Stevenson 32: 19. 
by John R. Swanton 32: 18. 
permits for 27: 11. 
purpose and progress of 17: xxvii 

sq. 
summary of 26: ix-xxi. 
Ethnological Collections, character 

of 27: 12. 
Ethnologists 

li.st of 48: 1188 s?. 
not officially connected with Bureau 
48: 11S9. 
Ethnology 

aims of 41: 1. 
definition of 15: xviii. 
descriptive, office work in 22, i: 

xxxvii sq.; 23: XL. 
descriptive, work in 20: xxiii. 
in relation to anthropology 28: 

42. 
of the Ungava district 1 1 : 167. 
phy.sical 23: x. 
practical scope of 23: ix. 
status of 13: xlviii; 14: xxx. 
Etiquette 

among the Tlingit 26: 427. 
description of 27: 334-337. 
of eating and drinking 38: p. 226- 

234. 
Omaha, domestic 3: 262. 
See also Customs; Social Organi- 
zation. 
Etissli, duties of 42: 409. 
Etmiiller, Michael, quoted on girdles 

and cords 9: 571, ,572. 
Etowah 

burning of, in 1793 19: 75, 82. 
See also Ytaua. 
Etowah Mounds, Oa. 

earthenware figurines from 20: 41. 
mention of 5: xxii, 96-104, 106, 

107. 
vi-sitof De Soto to 12: 688. 
Etowah Valley, collection from 19: 

XX sq. 
Etseastin and Etseasun, Xavaho 

myth 8: 284 sq. 
Etsitii'biwat, a Comanche band 14: 

1045. 
Et'tone, and Mi'li, importance of 23: 

416, 417. 
Ettwein, on name Tallige'wi 19: 184. 



Etymology 

definition of the science of 20: 

CLIII-CLVII. 

of words from gestures 1 : 352. 
Eudeve, branch of the Opata Indians 

14: 537. 
Eufaula 

l:)usk ceremonial of 42: 581 sqq.. 

604. 
busk of, with Coweta 42:568. 
native explanation of the name 42 : 

73. 
relations of, with Hilibi 42: 559. 
u.se of medicine at 42: 60S. 
See also Eufaula, Upper. 
Eufaula Hadjo 

information furnished by 42: 256. 
leader of the Snake Indians 42: 

655. 
Eufaula Hobayi 

a Red town 42: 255. 

allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangements of square grounds of 

42: 229, 277, 278. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas 

42: 193, 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties of 42 : 

161. 
position of beds at 42: 199. 
See also Lower Eufaula. 
Eufaula Seminole 

a Red town 42: 126, 257. 
allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 233 sq., 289. 
clan councils of 42: 126. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas 

42: 193, 194. 
clans, phratries and moieties 42: 

161 sq. 
plan of ceremonial groynd of 42: 

234, 289. 
position of beds at 42: 199. 
Eufaula, Upper 

allocation of clans in beds at 42: 

201-204. 
arrangement of square ground of 

42: 223 sq., 260, 261. 
clan councils of 42: 125. 
clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas 

42: 193, 194. 



354 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Eufaula, Upper — Continued 

clans, phratries and moieties of 42 : 

159 sq. 
emblem of ball post of 42: 244. 
house at, for ceremonial objects 42 : 

186. 
plan of ceremonial ground of 42: 

262. 
position of beds at 42: 198. 
Upper Creek Red town 42: 125, 
255. 
Bu-fau-lau Tus-tun-nug-gee, war- 
rior of the Creels nation 42: 328. 
Eugenia Catinga, for oil 38: §25. 
Eugenia sp., cultivation of 38: 

§246. 
E-ukshikni or Klamath 7: 90. 
Euob day symbol, discussion of 16: 

243. 
Euonymus Atropurpurea 33: 102. 
Eupatorium Musculatum 

medicinal constituents of 44: 304. 
medicinal properties of 44: 301. 
use of 44: 289, 348, 364. 
Eupatorium Perfoliatum, use of 

44: 289, 376. 
Euphorbia, mention of 42: 661. 
Euphorbia Glyptosperma 45: 462, 

470. 
Euphorbia Marginata, remedy for 

snake bites 26: 264. 
Euphorbiacea, name of Opata poison 

14: 528. 
Europe 

origin of Eskimo in 46: 331, 347- 

351. 
Paleolithic cultural affinities with 

Alaska 46: 175. 
petroglyphs in 10: 171-178. 
European 

goods, occurrence of, in Georgia 

mound 20: 139. 
goods, occurrence of, in graves with 

Iroquoian pottery 20: 168. 
manufacture of pipes for Indian 

trade 20: 173. 
ossuaries 1: 191. 
pipes, origin of form of 20: 157 sq. 
European Civilization 

checked aboriginal American art 

4: 443. 
evidence of contact with, found in 
many mounds 12: 18. 



European Qames 

analogous with American Indian 

games 24: 29. 
ball 24: 789 sqq. 
board games 24: 791-801. 
played by the 24: 
Chippewa 791. 
Cree 791. 
Ilopi 794 sqq. 
Keres 792 sq. 
Mexicans 794. 
Micmacs 792. 
Mono 796. 
Navaho 789 sq. 
Omaha 797. 
Papago 794. 
Passamaquoddy 792. 
Tewa 797 sq. 
Thompson Indians 790 sq. 
Tigua 798. 
Yakutat 793. 
Yokuts 793. 
Zuni 799 sqq. 
playing cards 24: 791. 
European Myths 

connection of Cherokee with 19: 

232-236. 
position of rabbit in 19: 232. 
European Pottery 

apparent imitation of, by Middle 
Mississippi Valley potters 20: 
82. 
effect of introduction of, on native 

pottery making 20: 160. 
occurrence of, in Florida Peninsula 
20: 129 sq. 
Europeans joining Indian forces 38: 

§ 755. 
Eurypyga Helias. See Sun-bird. 
Eusebio, Guiteras, translator of Rudo 

Ensayo 26: 23. 
Eutamias Dorsalis (P) squirrel of 

Pimeria 26: 81. 
Eutaw, a synonym of Ute 17: 167. 
Euterpe Edulis. Sec Manicol. 
Euterpe Oleracea, nunfermented drink 

made from 38: § 270. 
Euthamia Graminifolia, use of 44: 

289, 340. 
Evanhoe, Charles, collection of 36: 

73. 
Evans, — 

on French prophets 14: 939. 

on the Kentucky revival 14: 942. 

on the Shakers 14: 942. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



355 



Evans, — , grant of land to 18: xxv 

sq. 
Evans, Governor — 

hostile Indians outlawed by 17: 

176. 
volunteers against Indians raised by 
17: 179. 
Evans, Mrx. — 46: 116. 
Evans, A. Grant, on absence of wild 
rice in Indian territory 19: 1030. 
Evans, Alexander W., on wild rice 

in Connecticut 19: 1029. 
Evans, J. 

on boring 13: 165. 

on desiderata in stone-flaking 13: 

172, 173. 
on early use of chisel-shape arrows 

13: 168. 
on functions of pitted stones 13: 

91, 99. 
on gorgets 13: 117. 
on manufacture of stemless scrapers 

13: 169. 
on Mexican and Eskimo stone chip- 
ping 13: 139, 401. 
on turtlebacks as sling-stones 13: 

139. 
on use of disks as pestles 13: 87, 

88. 
on use of flakes for scraping 13: 171. 
on use of perforated stones 13: 

99. 
on ways of perforating stone 13: 
164." 
Evans, Dr. J. B., on Ani'-kuta'nl 19: 

392 sq. 
Evans, B. B., description of Sherman 
mounds, Arkansas, by 12: 223, 
588. 
Evans, B. H., mounds on land of, 

Tennessee 12: 364. 
Evans, S. B., on Acoma 29: 543. 
Evans, S. C, specimen presented by 

47: 13. 
Even-his-horse-is-feared, a Dakota 

chief 15: 190. 
Evening, signs for 1 : 3.53. 
Evening Primrose 

u.sed in ceremonies 30: 87. 
used in medicine 30: 55. 
Evening Star 

a life symbol 36: 109, 120. 
a sky deity 43: 73, 74. 



Everett, Edward 

denounces policy toward Cherokee 

5: 288. 
on Davis's letter to Secretary of War 

19: 127. 
on General Dunlap's address 19: 128. 
on Georgia's laws affecting Cherokee 

19: 117. 
on Mason's letter to Secretary of 

War 19: 128. 
on New Echota treaty 19: 123. 
on number of troops employed in 

Removal 19: 129. 
on pressure leading to Removal 19: 

125. 
on Ridge's letter to President Jack- 
son 19: 128. 
on Ross arrest, etc. 19: 123. 
on Wool's letter concerning Re- 
moval 19: 127. 
opposition to removal project by 
19: 129. 
Everett[e], Dr. Willis E. 

field observations by, on Alaskan 

tribes 22, i: xiv. 
field work by 20: xi. 
linguistic investigations of 21: xii. 
on the derivation of Yakona 7: 134. 
records of Athapascan tribes sent by 

23: xvi. 
work of 18: 580. 
Everglades 

eastern side of, geometric earthworks 

on 48: 4. 
present partial occupation of, by 
Seminoles 20: 115. 
Evergreen Tree, ceremonial use of 

40: 279. 
Evergreens in Cherokee lore 19: 421. 
Everlasting 

use of 45: 464, 465, 492. 
See nhn Pearl Everlasting. 
Evermann aiid Butter, on fi.shes o£ 

Colorado Basin 26: 83. 
Evernia Vulpina 45: 501. 
Evil 

concept of 37: 311 sq. 
discussion of 19: LVii sqq. 
Evi'sts-uni"pahis, a Cheyenne divi- 
sion 14: 1025. 
Evers, Dr. Edward 

publication by 4: 367, 414. 
work of, on Middle Mississippi Val- 
ley pottery 20: 87. 



356 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Evolution 

distinguished from invention of sign 

language 1 : 319, 388. 
human, value of pottery in study of 

20: 18, 19, 20. 
of Eskimo and his culture 46: 168. 
of hammerstone making 15: 103. 
of language 1 : 3. 
of stone-implement making 15: 101 

nq., 144. 
technic, light thrown on, by study 
of pottery manufacture 20: 48. 
Ewbank. See Whipple, Ewbank 

07! d Turner. 
Ewell, Dr. E. E. 

acknowledgment to 26: 74. 
peyote analyzed by 17: 1; 30: 
41. 
Ewenauki, mention of 42: 34. 
Ewers, Capt. E. P. 

ordered to arrest Hump 14: 862. 
Sitting Bull's fugitives surrendered 
to 14: 862. 
Ewi Katalsta, pottery making by 20: 

56. 
Ewing, — , surveys by 18: 655. 
Ewing, Henry P. 

material collected by 24: 208, 371. 
on hidden ball, Walapai 24: 371 

sq. 
on hoop and pole, Walapai 24: 

525. 
on shinny game, Mohave, Walapai 
24: 646. 
Ewing, Judge Robert, acknowledg- 

niesit to 42: 745. 
Ewing, Thomas, counsel for Cherokee 

5: 345. 
Examiner Incident, history of 17: 

117, 120. 
Exanab. See Edzanab. 
Excavating Tools of the Eskimo 9: 

302 sqq. 
Excavation 

of Casa Grande, account of 28: 13, 

37-42. 
of Indian mound, North Carolina 1 : 
120 sqq. 
Excavations 

Barrow 46: 166, 206, 257. 
by the Eskimo 46: 88, 93, 102, 167. 
difficulties of, in Alaska 46: 173. 
in Dumbarton Heights quarry 15: 
64. 



Excavations — Continued 

in Piny Branch quarries 15: 38,44, 

45. 
Little Diomede 46: 168. 
location of 44: 70 sq. 
Wales 46: 166. 
Exchange 

as an element of commerce 20: 

XLVi sq. 
loops in string figure 38: § 638. 
names at salutation ceremony 38: 

§807. 
of wives 38: § 870. 
on medium of 46: 420. 
signs for 1 : 454. 
want of a medium of 38: § 819. 
Excision 

pottery decoration by 20: 66. 
See also Decoration; Incision. 
Execution of design, in painted pot- 
tery 4: 302. 
Exhibits by the Bureau 17: lvii; 

18: XLix. 
Exhumations 38: § 832, 852, 856. 
Exogamy 

among the Chickasaw 44: 199. 
among the Omaha and cognates 27 : 

33, 38, 135, 140, 325, 641. 
among the Southeastern tribes 42: 

695 sq. 
among the Tlingit 26: 398, 423 

sqq. 
among the Tsimshian 31: 411. 
at Oraibi 47: 352 sq. 
clan 47: 34, 38. 
Exorcism 

means of 30: 149, 163 sq., 170, 

196 sq., 345-353. 
represented in Maya glyphs 16: 

248. 
rites of 47: 287, 309-314. 
Expedition of 1879 

assistance by Army to 23: 16, 17. 
collection of relics by 23: 16 sqq. 
collection of relics by, objection to 

23: 17. 
threatened outbreak of Indians 23: 
17. 
Expedition to the Skyland, journal 

of 43: 792. 
Expeditions 

record of 4: 164. 
I trade 38: § 823. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



357 



Expenditures 

classification of 3: Lxxiv. 
of the Bureau 2: xxvii; 5: liii; 
8: XXXVI ; 10: xxx; etc. 
Explanation 

of Haida tattooing 4: 67-72. 

of Osage mnemonic chart 4: S4 

sqq. 
of pictographs 4: pansim, 1-256. 
of San Gabriel notched sticks 4: 

81 sq. 
of symbols for songs 4: 82 sqq. 
Explorations 

Alaska old sites, need of 46: 89,9.3. 
by the Bureau 14: xlvi; 15:lxx; 

16: LXi-LXVi. 
early, elucidated by Cherokee tradi- 
tion 21: xxx. 
English 46: 123, 128. 
in mounds 3: xxiv. 
in stone villages 7: xviii-xxviii. 
in the Southeast 1: xxx. 
obstacles and difficulties of 46: 1 IS, 

121. 
on public lands, permits for 27: 11. 
on the Yukon, American 46: 128. 
recent, in Seriland 17: 12-21. 
Russian 46: 123, 127, 128. 
unfinished 46: 129. 
work on 17: xxxix-xlv; 18: 
xxvii-xxx. 
Explorers, early, on Occaneechi Path 

42: 779. 
Exposition, vifork of the Bureau 25: 

XI :<qq. 
Exposition Exhibits of the Bureau 

26: xxvii. 
Expositions 

New Orleans 11: xxxvii. 
Paris 11: xxxvii. 
Expression, Eskimo readiness of 18: 

309. 
Expressions 

.\laskan, quaint 46: 40. 
facial, of the Western Eskimo 46: 
249. 
Extermination of Stone Giants, 

Iroquois myth 2: 59. 
Extra-Umital Petroglyphs 10:161- 

ISS. 
Eyackimah, a Ya'klma synonym 14: 
737. 



Eye 

disease of the, etc. 38: § 927. 
dog, symbol in Maya codices 16: 

242." 
dog, symbol in Maya glyphs 16: 

237." 
Serian and Yuman names for 17: 

297*, 327* xq. 
Sec also Eyes. 
Eye-shades, worn by the Eskimo 18: 

167 sqq. 
Eye-socket Basket, character of 30: 

185. 
Eye Troubles, remedies for 42: 662, 

664, 665. 
Eyebrows, pulling out of 35: 701. 
Eyeish, a Caddo division 14: 1092. 
Eyes 

appearance of, in representations of 

Hopi katcinas 21: 64. 
crescent shape of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 43, 68, 71, 74, 90, 

122. 
diseases of, belief concerning 47: 

242. 
globular appearance of, in pictures 

of Hopi katcinas 21: 66, 81, 85. 
goggle, in pictures of Hopi katcinas 

21: 41, 89, 91, 99. 
lozenge-shaped, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 112. 
occlusion of 30: 301, 311. 
of codfish 35: 388. 
of dead, weights placed on 30: 160, 

299. 
of kelp-fish 35: 395. 
protruberant, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 75, 86. 
rectangular, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 78, 101. 
removal by spirits 30: 182, 185. 
small, in pictures of Hopi katcinas 

21: 76. 
stellate, in pictures of Hopi katcinas 

21: 80. 
treatment for 30: 45, 56, 57, 59, 

60. 
Western Eskimo 46: 213-228, 243. 
Yukon Indians and Eskimo 46: 

161. 
See also Eye. 
Eyesight, aciiteness of 46: 527 sq. 
Ezanab. Set' Edznab. 



358 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Kzhno"'zhuwagthe, Omaha warrio 

27: 100. 
Ezhno"'zhuwagthe shko"thai-tho" 

battle at 27: 100. 



Fabaceae 33: 90. 
Fables 

development of 19: lxxxii xq. 
of the Assiniboin 46:609-617. 
Fabrics 

association of, with pottery 20: 

192. 
Casa Grande, description of 28: 

147 sq. 
diagonal 3: 417. 
forms of 3: 401. 
from Iowa 3: 411. 
from New Jersey 3: 421. 
from the Mississippi Valley 3:408- 

411. 
from the Southern States 3:407. 
miscellaneous 3: 415. 
of lake dwellers 3: 413. 
prehistoric textiles of the United 

States 3: 393-425. 
resemblance of impression of, to 

roulette impressions 20: 190. 
resemblance of impression of, to 

stamp impres.sions 20: 134. 
use of, in modeling and decorating 
20: 
eastern United States pottery 28, 

30, 56, 68, 70, 71 sqq. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 118. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery 

103. 
Middle Atlantic coast pottery 

151. 
Iroquoian pottery 163. 
New Jersey-New England pottery 

179. 
South Appalachian pottery 144. 
woven, used in modeling vessels 

41: 577. 
See also Net; Paddles; Roulette; 
Textiles. 
Fabrigut, the manuscript of 3: 46. 
Face 

blackening of, as a mourning custom 

14: 241; 31: 534. 
deformations of 38: § 501-506. 



Face — Continued 

human, representations of, American 

pottery 20: 39 sq., 41. 
human, representations of. Middle 
Mississippi Valley pottery 20: 
81 sq., 97 sq. 
Serian and Yumaii names for 17: 

327* sq. 
tattooing of 38: § 509. 
See also Man. 
Face and Body Painting 
mention of 45: 418-439. 
See also Body Painting; Facial 
Painting. 
Face, Cranial 

Eskimo 46: 263-266, 358. 
in whites 46: 266. 
Western Eskimo, notes 46: 213- 
228, 232-236, 241, 242, 249, 251. 
Yukon Eskimo 46: 161, 163. 
Yukon Indians and crania 46: 152, 
1.53, 155, 157, 264, 266. 
Face, Human 

description of shell gorgets repre- 
senting the 2: 294. 
engraved and carved on shell gorgets 

2: 293, 297. 
modeled in clay 2: 296. 
portions of shell used for represent- 
ing the 2: 293. 
use or significance of shell gorgets 
representing 2: 295. 
Face Numerals, in Mayan calendar 
svstem, discussion of and figures 
showing 22, i: 204-226,263-268. 
Face Paint 35: 1221. 
Face Painting 

of the Kiowa 17: 1.50. 

of the Kwakiutl 35: 770. 

Seri, apparatus for 17: 165* sq. 

Seri, designs of 17: 165*. 

Seri, distribution of 17: 164*. 

Seri, meaning and design used in 

17: 166*-169*. 
See also Facial Painting. 
Face Protectors, worn by the Eskimo 

18: 35. 
Faces-the-Line. See Giadedeete. 
Facial Angles 

of the Eskimo 46: 285. 

of the Indians 46: 284, 311. 



bonnerjea] 



StTBJECT INDEX 



359 



Facial Decoration 

as a clan mark 37: 204. 

tiv Indian women of Bay of Chaleur 

10: 220. 
in Oraibi Snake dance 16: 294. 
in Tusayan ceremony 16: 282. 
of Bear clan 37: 228. 
of Cipaulovi Snake priests 16: 283. 
of Elk clan 37: 249. 
of Medicine dance 37: 362. 
of the dead 37: 144, 146. 
of the Menomini 14: 75 sq., 156. 
of Thunderbird clan 37: 211. 
of Warrior clan 37: 219. 
Facial Expression 

generally 1: 270-273. 

play, giving detailed information 1: 

271. 
Facial Painting 

a daily practice 45: 418. 

as a mourning custom 40: 38, 364, 

507; 42: 396. 
as a punishment 40: 338. 
as an indication of rank 42: 305. 
as an insignia of rank 42: 618,621. 
by the Arapaho 14: 971. 
ceremonial 14: 1037. 
colors used in 45: 418. 
Coeur d'Alene 45: 86 sq. 
connected with the Ghost dance 45 : 

423-427. 
designs used in 45: 420-423, 438 sq. 
disappearance of 45: 403. 
distinctive of towns 42: 246. 
for burial 46: 570. 
for dances 42: 524; 46: 557, 563. 
for war 42: 436; 46: 554. 
for war dance 45: 392. 
in fasting 40: 425. 
in Hopi dances 15: 265. 
in religious ceremonies 40: 213. 
in Smohalla ceremony 14: 729. 
mention of 42: 686; 43: 95; 44: 

192, 237, 241; 47: 861, 868. 
object of 42: 170. 
of the dead 40: 370; 42: 390, 

391, 392, 393; 45: 173. 
of the Osage 45: 537. 
of warriors 42: 420. 
symbolic 39: 243; 45: 340 sq. 
symbolism of , among the Osage 45: 

647. 
to avoid bad luck 45: 182 sq. 
to distinguish towns 42: 306. 



Facial Painting — Continued 

to send courage 39: 192 sq. 

universal among the Flathead 45: 
340. 

.See also Face Painting; Painting; 
etc. 
Fagaceae 33: 75. 
Pages, Father Pedro 

extract from diary of 44: 45 sq. 

reference to diary of 44: 36. 
Failures 

in implement making 15: 27. 

See also Rejects. 
Pain's Island 

collection of relics from 3: 463. 

mound in 2: 215, 272, 288. 
Fair, W. A., acknowledgment to 19: 

13. 
Fair 

held by the Eskimo 18: 229. 

name for 29: 69. 
Fairbanks, — 

collections 46: 168. 

mention of 46: 38, 39. 

on De Soto's route 19: 198. 
Fairfax County 

steatite quarries in 15: 131. 

See also Clifton Quarry. 
Fairies 

in Cherokee myth 19: 330-337, 
475 sqq. 

See also Little People. 
Fairy Bocks (Kejrmkoojik Lake, Nova 
Scotia), inscriptions on 10: 38- 
42. 
Faith, influence of, on Indian economic 

life 19: 1019, 1093. 
Faith Cure, primitive 1 1 : 68. 
Falca, dugout boat 38: § 792. 
Falcata Comosa 

mention of 33: 95. 

use of 44: 289, 307, 320, 346. 
Falcon 

aj'fetish of the Zuni 2: 30. 

in Zufii mythology 13: 437. 

talismans from 30: 289. 
Falconer, Thomas 

on Pecos 29: 476. 

on San Felipe 29: 500. 
Pale MaUovsr, red 33: 103. 
Falkenstein, K. C, reservation of 

Dresden Codex by 6: 268, 
Fall Indians, a synonym of the Gros 
Ventres 14: 955. 



360 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 



Fall-trap 

Guiana Indian, for birds 38: § 178. 
Guiana Indian, for fish 38: § 194. 
FaUen Timbers, battle of 19: 213. 
FaUing Star, myth of 1 : 27. 
Falls 

liauling boats over 38: § SOI. 

of the Ohio, trail from Philadelphia 

to 42: 760. 
spirits as.sociated with 30: 235. 
Falls Church, steatite quarries 15: 

131. 
Falls-over-a-Bank. See K'aya'nte. 
Falmouth, conference at 43: 174 .s?. 
False Arm, use of, by Macibol 21: 

87. 
False-face Dance of the Iroquois 3: 

145. 
False Grape 33: 102. 
False Gromwell 
use of 44: 290. 

See also Onosmodium Hispidissi- 
mun. 
False Hellebore 

belief concerning 45: 510. 
use of 45: 4(50, 510, 511, 512. 
False Indigo 33: 93. 
False Lupine 33: 91. 
False Nettle, use of 44: 294, 37S. 
False Solomonseal, u.se of 44: 294, 

356; 45: 458, 486. 
Falsehood, detection of, among 
Omahas, by ordeal 3: 328, 370. 
Falsetto, u,se of, in Hopi festivals 21 : 

33 sqg. 
Familiar Spirits 
belief in 30: 154. 
cult of 30: 167 sqq. 
evil worked by 30: 162, 163. 
feasts in honor of 30: 167. 
invocation of 30: 167 .s?., 352. 
origin of 30; 167. 
iSee also Bush Spirits; Mountain 
Spirits; Sky Spirits; Water 
Spirits. 
Faniilies 

Eskimo, size of 18: 29. 
Hopi, determination of 19: 651 sq. 
occupying Oraibi 8: 105-108. 
See also Peoples. 
Family 

a loose unit 47: 39. 

among the Kwakiutl 35:397. 

among the Tsimshian 31: 419 sqq. 



Family — Continued 

and marital relationships, Guiana 

Indians 38: § 877-880. 
authority in 27: 325 sq. 
definition of the term 1: 59. 
histories 35: 836-1277 
home of 45: 150 sq. 
life 47: 238 sq. 

life of the Assiniboin 46: 50.3-508. 
Muskogee conception of 42: 79. 
obUgations of 42: 382. 
offenders protected by 42: 343. 
organization of the 17: xxxi, 

XXXIII. 

privileges 35: 1353, 1358. 

rights of, in case of murder 42: 343. 

separation of 35: 838. 

Seri, regimentation of 17: 270*- 
274*. 

See also Kinship. 
Family History 35: 778. 
Family, Linguistic, definition of 7: 

Family Marks of the Eskimo 18: 

325 sq. 
Family Organization 
of the Pima 26: 

aged people 192 sq. 

baptism 188. 

ceremony of purification 187 S7. 

children 185 sqq. 

death and burial 193 sqq. 

education 190 sqq. 

marriage 183 sqq. 

mourning 195. 

names 189. 

puberty dance 182 sq. 

relations before marriage 182. 
Famine 

at the end of winter 31: 45. 

on St. Lawrence Island 18: 2t.9, 

270; 46: 216. 
story about 43: 343-349. 
Fan 

fish-comb type of 38: § 367. 
manufacture of 38: § 366-376. 
Wapi.shana name for 38: § 366. 
Fancher, G. L., pottery donated by 

10: XXI sq. 
Fancy (1) 

enigmatical objects found at 34: 

115. 
midden at 34: 91. 



bonnebjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



361 



Fancy (2) 

influence of, on form, Middle Mis- 
sissippi Valley pottery 20: 85. 
modifying form of pottery 4: 452. 
play given to, in Florida mortuary 

pottery 20: 120. 
play given to, in Iroquoian pipes 
20: 174. 
Fannin Place, flint on 44: 516. 
Fans o/ Africa, devouring of the dead 

by the 1 : 182. 
Fans 

made of Ijirch barli 44: 390. 
made of feathers 45: 77. 
made of turkey feathers 13: 17. 
restrictions on use of 30: 30.3. 
See also Fan. 
"Far," radical of "Farina," etc. 9: 

545 sq. 
Far-up, Kiowa name of W6ifd6Ish 17: 

295. 
Far View House 

pueblo named by Dr. J. W. Fewkes 

38: p. 3. 
pueblo entirely prehistoric 38: p. 3. 
repair of 41: 50, 81. 
Farewell Dance 37: 385. 
Farewell Songs 37: 385. 
Farfan, M., visit of, to Arizona in 1598 

13: 185. 
Farine; Farinha 

a preparation of cassava 38: §236. 
special basket for transport of 38: 
§415. 
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche, reference 

to 27: 624. 
Farmer, Government, activitie.s of 

47: 53, 56, 59. 
Farmer, John, on influence of wild 
rice on geographic nomenclature 
19: 1120, 1122. 
Farming 

among the Cherokee 19: 82, 105, 

112. 
among the East Cherokee 19: 166. 
government aid in 19: 82. 
outlook, Matsaki used as 8: 86. 
outlook, near Kintiel 8: 93. 
tools for, among the Cherokee 19: 

101. 
.See also Agriculture. 
Farming Pueblos 
Cibola 8: 14. 
Moen-kopi 8: 77. 



Farming Pueblos — Continued 
Nutria 8: 94, 95. 
Ojo Caliente 8: 96. 
Pescado 8: 95 sq. 
Zufii 8: 198. 
Farming Shelters, discussion of 16: 

142. 
Farming Villages 

cliff ruins classed as 16: 156. 
of the Pueblos 16: 1.56. 
Farmington, Conn., pot from 20: 

178. 
Farnham, — , quoted on CreeK govern- 
ment 42: 330. 
Farnsworth, Lieut. H. J., fight with 

Cheyenne by 17: 211. 
Farquharson, Prof. B. J. 
cited 12: 601. 
description of fabrics from Iowa by 

3: 411. 
description of shell vessel by 2: 197. 
on the Davenport Tablets 12: 634. 
Farrand, Dr. Livingston 
acknowledgment to 29: 12. 
material collected by 24: 150. 
mention of 31: 18. 
work of 24: xxv; 26: xxv. 
Farrell, E. G., work of 25: xxiii; 

26: XXIX. 
Fasciolaria Shells 

columellae of, used for pins 2: 213. 
used as vessels 2: 194. 
Fast 

of boys 42: 563, 575. 
of men 42: 571. 
of the busk 42: 546, 590-593. 
of women 42: 571. 
strict observance of 42: 592. 
.See also Fasting. 
Fast, meaning "rapid," pictograph for 

10: 590. 
Fast Bear, attempt to arrest 17: 

329. 
Fast-eating Contest, Winnebago 

37: 485. 
Fast Horse and Wife, assistance 

rendered by 33: 46. 
Fast Thunder 

conduct of, in Sioux outbreak 14: 

884. 
on the Sioux outbreak 14: 839. 
Fasteners for belts, Eskimo 18: 

59-63. 
Fastenings of doors 8: 186. 



362 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Fastening Bods for Eskimo 

"housewives" 18: 105, 106. 
Fasting 

a test of religious attitude 37: 

277. 
among Siouan Indians 1 1 : 390, 

436, 502; 15: 184. 
among the Cherokee 19: 120, 321, 

329, 335, 340, 341 sq., 423, 470, 

480. 
antenuptial 38: § S85. 
as a liunting custom 45: 184. 
as a medium for trances 14: 700. 
as a mourning custom 40: 37, 38, 

117, 173, 507. 
as a preparation for war 42: 408. 
as a punishment 40: 297, 338, 341, 

551. 
as a purification rite 42: 410, 416, 

422; 45: 174. 
before ball game 42: 457. 
before going to war 42: 429. 
benefits accruing from 40: 67, 545 

sg., 561. 
blessings obtained by 37: 166 sq. 
ceremonial 47: 132, 286, 290, 315. 
ceremonial, by the Winnebago 14: 

110. 
competition in 30: 223. 
during eagle trapping 14: 993. 
efficacy of 40: 381. 
essential to training of priests 42: 

617. 
experience in 37: 275. 
for the busk 42: 574. 
for war powers 37: 157, 160. 
in chieftainship ordeal 38: § 745. 
in Menomini myth 14: 224. 
in puberty ceremony 27: 129, 131. 
in the Sun dance 3: 272. 
in times of scarcity 46: 509. 
instruction for 37: 169, 171. 
instrument used in 40: 557, 563, 

565, 567, 583. 
length of time of 40: 563, 569, 583, 

587. 
list of works treating on 40: 546, 

547. 
mention of, in myth 40: 37. 
object of 42: 593; 46: 489 sq. 
observance of, at busk 42: 592. 
omission of, in illness 40: 565. 
on the part of Hopi katcinas 21: 
42, 53. 



Fasting — Continued 

ordeals of 30: 308 .59,, 314, 319 

sqq. 
personal account of 37: 293-309. 
preliminary to Ghost dance 14: 

822. 
to avert calamity 42: 535. 
to gain supernatural knowledge 40: 

3S, 49, 425, 473. 
to insure long life 40: 81. 
to obtain blessings 40: 71, 73, 75, 

77, 79, 545, 551, 555, 583, 589. 
See aho Fast. 
Fat 

Eskimo manner of eating 18: 267 

sq. 
of alligator, for cure of earth eating 

38: § 253. 
of frog and toad, for artificial color- 
ation of feathers 38: § 84. 
symbolism of 22, ii: 23, 244. 
use of 22, ii: 20, 26. 
See also names of various animals. 
Father 

and child, wi'-gi-e for benefit of 43: 

60-67. 
application of the term 42: 80, 92. 
articles furnished by, in Hako cere- 
mony 22, ii: 20. 
attitude of, toward children 42: 

363, 365. 
ceremonial dress of 22, ii: 58. 
feeding of children by 22, ii: 105- 

117, 313-317. 
gifts of ponies to 22, ii: 260. 
gifts to, by outsiders 22, ii: 147, 

327. 
lodge of, diagrams of, during ritual 

22, ii: 36, 49, 59, 62. 
lodge of, rituals of Hako ceremony 

taking place at 22, ii: 19, 26-58. 
preparation of, for the journey of the 

son 22, ii: 60. 
relation of, to daughter 40: 343. 
relation of, to son 40: 343. 
requirements and duties of 22, ii: 

18, 19, 23. 
selection and duties of 22, ii: IS, 

19. 
son maltreated by 35: 1097, 1180. 
use of the term 47: 624. 
Father-in-law 

application of the term 42: 82, 84. 
attitude toward the 42: 451. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



363 



Father-in-law — Continued 
taboo of 46: 503 sq. 
term employed for 42: 92. 
Fatigue 

how treated by the Zufli 30: 45. 
.■^ign for 1: 305. 
Fauna 

delineation of 10: 749. 
known to the Omaha 27: 103. 
of Seriland 17: 36-39. 
See also Animal. 
Fauvel, J. B. F., land-treaty witness 

14: 29. 
Favus among the Pima Indians 26: 

268. 
Fawn Skins 

Hse of, in dres.s of Hopi kateinas 21 : 

107. 
value of, among the Eskimo 18: 
232. 
Fawn, Spotted, in Iroquoian cos- 
mology 21: 173, 236. 
Fawns 

Eskimo method of hunting 18: 

119. 
spots on, in Iroquoian cosmology 
21: 253. 
Fawns, Two, story about 43: 331- 

339. 
Fay, Prof. E. A., contribution of, on 

signs 1 : 309, 408. 
Fay and Davidson 

on battle of Horseshoe Bend 19: 

95, 96. 
on battles of Emukfaw and Enoto- 

chopoco Creeks 19: 93. 
on capture of Hillabee 19: 91. 
Fayette County, Pa. 

gl\I)hs from Indian grave in 10: 

112. 
pictographs in 4: 20, 224. 
Fayne, Captain — , expedition against 

Cherokee under 19: 65. 
Peaks, Robert, purchase of land by 

18: 616. 
Fear 

influence of, in primitive numl>er 

concept 19: 843 sq. 
of disease among Guiana Indians 

38: § 918. 
pictograph for 10: 590 sg. 
sign for 1 : 506. 
Feast 

and potlatch combined 35: 1027. 
95719°— 33 24 



Feast — Continued 

at Navaho house dedication 17: 

506. 
attendants at 35: 438. 
blankets given in 35:1062. 
ceremonial, at Zuili 13: 327. 
ceremonial, in Tusayan 15: 293, 

294. 
ceremonial, of the Menomini 14: 

73. 
ceremonial, songs of 39: 226. 
during erection of mound 41: 500. 
"eat-all-up" 32: 515. 
Ghost dance accompanied by 14: 

1038. 
gifts given in return for 35: 766. 
house 35: 1349. 

hunting, of the Menomini 14: 151. 
in Menomini myth 14: 227. 
in Smohalla ceremony 14: 729. 
mention of 35: 320. 
mortuary, of the Menomini 14: 



mortuary, of the Ojibwa 14: 68. 

name 35: 841, 888. 

of chiefs 35: 1115. 

of currants 35: 751. 

of huckleberries 35: 754. 

of mountain-goat brisket 35: 433- 

436. 
of mountain-goat meat 35: 437. 
ofqot!xole 35: 775. 
of .salal-berries and crabapples mixed 

35: 767-775. 
of salmon berries 35: 760. 
of the dead at Zufli 13: 338. 
of the Heyoka 1 1 : 469. 
of the Kwakiutl 35: 865, 991 sgq., 

1043, 1060, 1072, 1114. 
of the Pishofa dance 44: 258. 
of viburnum berries 35: 755. 
oil 35: 755. 
promise of 35: 753,754. 
sacred, in Sioux ceremony 14: 824. 
seal 35: 756. 
seats in 35: 771. 
serving of, in Pamiirti festival 21: 

28. 
songs of Neg-adze 35: 1291. 
songs 35: 1045, 1061, 1293. 
Sec also Feasting; Feasts; etc. 
Feast Day, observance for 42: 554. 
Feast Name 35: 786, 787 



364 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. 



Feastof Mourning of the Tlingit 26: 

43L 
Feast of New Corn 42: 5t3S, 580, 
584, 603, 005. 
See also Busk. 
Feast of Soldiers, Ponca, account of 

27: 44, 500. 
Feast of the Count, account of the 

27: 497-.500. 
Feast of the Ho"'hewachi 

general description of 27: 500-503. 
tattooing 27: 503-509. 
Feast Songs 35: 333, 437, 565, 753, 
757, 759, 763, 764, 766, 769, 772, 
788. 
Feasting 

among the Siouan Indians 15: 1S4 
attending ceremonial 47: 132. 
during Tusayan Snake dance 16: 

295. 
in times of plenty 46: 509. 
societies of the Omaha 3: 342; 15: 
214. 
Feasts 

afraid-to-eat greens 37: 384. 

after return from war 3: 331, 332. 

at adoption 37: 139. 

at election of chiefs 3: 361. 

at wake 37: 141, 142, 145. 

burial 1: 190; 45: 164. 

Calumet 3: 279. 

Calumet, preliminary 3: 279. 

celebrating renewal of friendship 

42: 551. 
description of 42: 535 sq. 
Eskimo 18: 357-393, 424 sq. 
foods served at 42: 599. 
given at ball ground 42: 404. 
Hekana 3: 354. 
in honor of chief 37: 319 sq. 
invitations to 37: 329. 
Mandan 3: 373. 
marriage 3: 260. 
mention of 3: 270, 272. 
naming 37: 128. 
need of large vessels in preparation of 

20: 60. 
of Bear clan 37: 321. 
of Buffalo society 37: 344-347. 
of Medicine dance 37: 362. 
of Night-blessed children 37: 329- 

343. 
of those blessed by Herok'a 37: 
343. 



Feasts— Continued 

of three kinds 45: 163 sq. 

of Thunderbird clan 37: 427-547. 

of War-bundle ceremony 37: 430, 

481 sqq. 
series of 42: 556. 
social 42: 708. 
soup-drinking 42: 555 sq, 
the Wacicka 3: 342. 
to Buffalo Tail 37: 387. 
to Earthmaker 37: 126. 
to renew friendship 42: 551. 
to the dead, Eskimo 18: 36.3-379, 

424 sq. 
war preparatory 3: 315,319. 
See also Feast; Feasting; Religion. 
Feather 

apron belts 38: § 550. 
artificial coloration of 38: § 84. 
attachment of, to arrows 38: § 83, 

132. 
attachment of, to other feathers 38: 

§81. 
attachment of, to sticks 38: § 82. 
attachment of, to string 38: § 79, 

80. 
blankets of the Choctaw 13: 24. 
caps 38: § 528. 
crowns 38: § 519-527. 
decoration on pottery from Pueblo 

ruins, description of 22, i: 149. 
decoration on pottery from Pueblo 

ruins, figures showing 22, i: 151. 
deposited on Tusayan altar 16: 

284. 
fabrics from Sikyatki 17: 629. 
Ghost dance ceremony of the 14: 

909, 918. 
headdres.scs, use of 45: 73,75. 
Indian use of 19: 503 sq. 
magic 32: 174. 
magic use of 32: 120. 
ornaments 38: § .529. 
pictographs for 4: 60. 
pigeon, used to baffle pursuer 32: 

272. 
portent of evil 32: 103. 
red, symbolic use of 43: 67. 
Serian and Yuman names for 17: 

332* sq. 
study of symbolism of 19: xx. 
symbols on Hopi pottery 17: 663. 
symbols on Sikyatki pottery 17: 
" 658, 682-698, 714, 723, 724." 



erjeaJ 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Feather — Continued 
tippets 38: § 538, 591. 
used to magically create barrier to 

pursuer 32: 674. 
wand or baho u.sed in kiva-building 
ceremonials 8: 119, 120, 129, 130. 
weaving among Louisiana Indians 

13: 25. 
white, symbolic use of 43: 34. 
work, description of 13: 27. 
work, lack of remains of 13: 12. 
See also Bird; Feathers. 
Feather-cap. See Tsonbohon. 
Feather Crowns. Sec Crowns, 

Feather. 
Feather Dance 

discussion of 42: 609. 
performance of 42: 586, 607. 
reference to 42: 294. 
See also Tcitahaia. 
Feather Dart, Zuni dice game 24: 

210. 
Feather Headdress 

description of 42: 594. 
See ahn Buzzard; Owl. 
Feather Mountain 35: 1221. 
Feather-plaited Doctor (Civan), in 

Pimaii logeiul 28: 51, 52. 
Feather Quills, Eskimo fishing lines 

made of 18: 175 sq. 
Feather-setter for making Eskimo 

arrows 9: 294. 
Feather Symbolism 

on Pueblo pottery, occurrence and 

character of 22, i: 73, 7.5-81. 
.See also Breath Feather. 
Feather Vanes, Eskimo noose made 

of 18: 124. 
Feathered Gens 

reference to 40: 503, 517. 
Sec also Thunder Gens. 
Feathered-Lance. .See Gaapiatan. 
Feathered Plumes in Pawik katcina 

15: 300. 
Feathered Stem 

blue, painting of 22, ii: 37 sqq.,2S7. 
blue, symbolism of 22, ii: 42, 99. 
decoration of 22, ii: 37-42. 
green, painting of 22, ii: 39, 40, 

288. 
green, symbolism of 22, ii: 42, 99. 
preparation of stick for 22, ii: 35. 
.songs for laying down 22, ii: 111- 

117. 
symbolism of 22, ii: 111. 



Feathered Stems 

construction and symbolism of 22, 

ii: 20, 21, 2S3-291. 
names of 22, ii: 19, 20. 
plates representing 22, ii: 38, 40. 
reverence of many tribes for 22, ii: 

21, 279. 
tran.sfer of, from tribe to tribe 22, 

ii: 20, 21, .361. 
Feathered Strings 

appearance of, in Hopi pictures 31: 

56, 96. 
in Cipaulovi ceremony 16: 277. 
of Tusayan 15: 268, 281, 284, 289. 
on Cunopavi altar 16: 288. 
on Oraibi altar 16: 291, 292. 
representation of, on pottery 17: 

662. 
Feathering 

of arrows 14: 276. 

of body, Guiana Indian 38: § 514, 

761, 886. 
on Eskimo arrows and spears 18: 

136, 137, 151, 157, 159, 160, 161. 
Featherman, — , cited 4: 78. 
Feathers 

antelope priests decorated with 16: 

292. 
appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 59, 60, 64, 65, 75, 

81, 83, 86, 87, 93, 95, 96, 98, 100- 

103, 108, 112, 113, 117, 121, 122. 
as a medium of exchange 14: 992. 
as a protecting medicine 14: 790. 
attached to amulet 14: 904. 
blue-jay, use of 47: 660. 
Casa Grande, garments of 28: 148. 
ceremonial use of 14: 999. 
crow, Indians defrauded with 14: 

901. 
crow, sacred regard for 14: 1034. 
downy, symbolism of 47: 863. 
eagle, a mark of rank 46: 553. 
eagle, attached to Ghost shirts 14: 

798. 
eagle, Caddo sacred use of 14: 

1093. 
eagle, in Cohonino ceremony 14: 

813. 
eagle, sacred use of 14: 992. 
eagle, song pertaining to 14: 1100. 
eagle, use of 47: 500, 660, 863. 
eagle, used in hypnotism 14: 923, 

925. 



366 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL BEPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Feathers — Contiii ued 

eagle, used in Ghost dance 14: 916, 

979, 1099, 1101. 
eagle, used in war bonnets 14: 

1072. 
eagle, value of 46: 589. 
engraved representations of, South 

Appalachian pottery 20: 140. 
Eskimo ceremonial objects made of 

18: 396, 397, 399, 401, 405, 410, 

412-416. 
Eskimo ornamentation with 18: 

37, 168. 
garments made of 42: 682. 
handling of, conducive to insanity 

30: 166, 275. 
head, of the Arapaho 14: 964, 965. 
in Oraibi costumery 16: 293, 294. 
in Smohalla ceremony 14: 729. 
in Snake dance ceremony 16: 298. 
in Tusayan ceremony 15: 275,276, 

277, 278, 279, 281, 283, 285, 286, 

296; 16: 279, 280. 
Indian trade in 14: 472. 
indicating deeds of valor 45: 157. 
Kiowa robe of 14: 906. 
magic power attributed to 33: 228. 
magpie, ceremonial use of 14: 999. 
magpie, presented by Wovoka 14: 

901. 
magpie, prized by Paiute 14: 775. 
on prayer sticks 17: 739. 
ornaments of, absence of, on mask of 

Momi 21: 37. 
peculiar use of, in dress of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 41, 66. 
prayer, use of, by Hopi katcinas 

21: 76. 
prayer, use of, in Flute ceremony 

21: 30. 
red, use of, in representations of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 72. 
ritualistic use of 47: 262. 
ruffs of, on mask 47: 862. 
sacred use of, by Wovoka 14: 776. 
significance of 14: 268; 33: 227. 
strewing of, to mark path 30: 132. 
symbolic uses of 15: 169. 
symbolism of 42: 436; 47: 127, 
" 481. 

symbolism of, in Ghost dance 14: 
" 789. 
turkey 32: 277. 



Feathers — Continued 

turkey, appearance of, in represente,- 

tions of Hopi katcinas 21: 67. 
turkey, on Cheyenne arrows 14: 

1024. 
turkey, use of 47: 660, 677. 
use of 34: 230. 

use of brushes of, in pottery decora- 
tion, Eastern United States 20: 

67, 86. 
use of, by katcinas 47: 863 sq. 
use of, by Pueblo Indians 14: 544, 

559, 570. 
use of, for garments 14: 517. 
use of, in ceremonial observances 9: 

533 sgq. 
use of, in Ghost dance 14: 786, 

919, 1084. 
use of, in house building ceremonies 

8: 101, 102. 
use of , in medicine hut 9: 582. 
use of, in Pamiirti festival 21: 28. 
u.se of, in pottery 46: 58. 
use of, in representing bird katcinas 

21: 25. 
use of, in Sumaikoli 21: 57. 
used as war insignia 37: 161 sq. 
used in Crow dance 14: 922. 
varieties of, used on prayer-sticks 

47: 274. 
war, of the Menomini 14: 268. 
See also Eagle; Feather; Prayer 

Feathers; and names of various 

birds. 
Feathers and Quills, pictographs on 

10: 207 sq. 
Featherstonhaugh, George William 
on birds destructive to wild rice 19: 

1027. 
on duck in Minnesota River 19: 

1098. 
on influence of wild rice on geo- 
graphic nomenclature 19: 1120. 
on wild rice at Fort Winnebago 19: 

1034. 
on wild rice in Delaware 19: 1029. 
Featherstonhaugh, Thomas, Indian 

relics donated by 10: xxii. 
Featherwork 33: 334, 618, 622, 642, 

643, 648, 649, 658. 
Features, uiuisual, of Walpi Snake 

(lance 19: 97S sq. 
Febrifuge 38: §927. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



367 



February, Hopi ceremonies in 21: 

22, 85. 
Feces and Entrails of animals eaten 
by Point Barrow Eskimo 9: 62. 
Fechet, Capt. E. G. 

at arrest of Sitting Bull 14: 856, 

857. 
pursuit of Sitting Bull's warriors Ijy 
14: 858. 
Fecundity of the Eskimo 46: 107. 
Federal Council of the Iroquois 43: 

459. 
Feeble and Aged, neglect of the 38: 

§917. 
Feeling for Fish 38: § 185. 
Fees 

ceremonial sending of 43: 38 sgg. 

distribution of 43: 68. 

for initiation 39: 46. 

for reciting wi'-gi-e 39: 62. 

for services 39: 274. 

given to the A'ki-ho" Xo'-ka 39: 

196. 
given to the Wa'-do°-be 39: 181. 
Feet 

Eskuno 46: 359. 

Indian 46: 246. 

reversed, people with 30: 363. 

western Eskimo 46: 215-227, 246, 

249, 253. 
See also Foot; etc. 
Feet (of vessels) 

Eastern United States pottery, re- 

centness of 20: 62. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 93. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185. 
See also Bases; Legs. 
Feet and Tracks, human and animal, 

pictographs of 10: 715 sq. 
Fejervary Codex 

l)ird symbol in 16: 220. 

mention of 3: 31, 32, 52, 53, 55, 56, 

57, 58, 59, 61, 63. 
numerals from 19: 939-943. 
reference to symbols in 16: 250. 
scheme of 3: 35. 
Felcata Comosa, a sacred food plant 

39: 129. 
Feldspar, deposit of 29: 580. 
Felis Hippotestes Aztecus, eaten In 
the Pima 26: 81. 



Fellowhood 

among the Kansa 16: 232. 
Wyandot, institution of 1: 68. 
Fellows, J., transaction of Seneca with 

18: 770, 772, 776, 818. 
Felton, Alonzo, mounds on farm of. 

New York 12: 505. 
Female 

children, Eskimo custom of killing 

18: 289 .sg. 
signs for 1 : 300, 357. 
Female Force 

invocation of 22, ii: 333-336. 
symbols of 22, ii: 42, 280, 288, 289. 
Females, Lower Yukon, compared 

with males 46: 164. 
Females and Dancing 38: § 595. 
Femur 

mention of 46: 156, 159, 160, 164, 

165. 
Western Eskimo 46: 314-317. 



and weirs for trapping fish 38: 

§203. 
around Menomini graves 14: 240 

sq. 
of corrals and gardens 8: 215, 217. 
of the Menomini 14: 255. 
Fenner, Clarence N., collaborator 

34: 26. 
Fenton, Mo., occurrence of salt-mak- 
ing vessels near 20: 31. 
Ferdinand, King of Naples 
family of 14: 474. 
speech in signs 1 : 294. 
Ferguson, General — , attempted in- 
vasion of North Carolina and 
Virginia by 19: 56 sq. 
Fermented Drinks 38: § 256-268. 
Fermin, P., cited 30: 291, 313. 
Fernandez, Alonso, quoted on sacri- 
ficial bread of the Pueblos 9: 545. 
Fernandez, Domingo, Spanish sol- 
dier, death of 14: 538. 
Fern 

as weather charm 35 : 623, 628. 
in Cherokee lore 19: 420. 
medicinal use of 42: 668. 
Fern Fronds 

mention of 35: 482, 533, 536, 538, 

555, 586. 
used in steaming 35: 257. 
Fern, Lady, use of 44: 287 
Fern, Rattlesnake, use of 44: 288. 



368 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Pern Roots 

belief regarding 35: 524. 

cleaning of 35: 518. 

digging of 35: 195, 196, 616. 

eaten with salmon-spawn 35: 343. 

eating of 35 : 523. 

not dug by young women 35: 616. 

preparation of 35: 524, 526. 

steaming of 35: 517. 

use of, as medicine 35: 527. 

with salmon-spawn 35: 342. 
Fernold, M. L., on wild rice in Maine 

and Massachusetts 19: 1030. 
Fernow, Berthold, on Cherokee popu- 
lation 19: 34. 
Ferrel, B. de, pilot and successor of 

Cabrillo 14: 411. 
Ferrules on Eskimo whips 18: 210. 
Ferry, H. de 46: 331, 368. 
Fertility of design of Navaho silver- 
smiths 2: 177. 
Fertility Rites 47: 535 sq. 
Fertilization, idea of, discussion of 

47: 488. 
Festival 

after death of chief 35: lOSS, 1091 
sq. 

burial 38: § 839, 840. 

harvest 38: § 580. 

in honor of three sisters, guardians of 
vegetables 2: 53. 

name for 29: 69. 
Festival of the Gentes 

mention of 40: 71. 

See also Gens Festival. 
Festivals 

among the Okanagan 45: 277. 

at .\biquiu 29: 137. 

Jicarilla Apache 29: 137. 

of the Eskimo 9: 365, 373-376; 
18: 357-393, 424-455. 

of the Ncnenot 1 1 : 322. 

of the Pima 26: 170 sq. 

See also Feast; Feasts. 
Festivals, Hopi 

abbreviated 21: 20. 

classification of 21: 19. 

elaborate 21: 20. 
Festivals, Iroquois 

gathering the corn 2: 115. 

green corn 2: 115. 

New Year 2: 112. 

planting corn 2: 115. 

strawberry 2: 115. 

tapping the maple tree 2: 115. 



Fetish 

advice by 32: 382, 384. 

advises how to kill enemy in lodge 

32: 379, 381. 
ceremonies connected with hunting, 

Zuni 2: 33. 
coyote, Zuni hunter god of the west 

2: 26. 
eagle, Zuni hunter god of the upper 

regions 2: 29. 
given to boy to overcome enemy 32: 

379. 
in Pima song 26: 325. 
made from the bone of a monster 

32: 501. 
mole, Zuni hunter god of the lower 

regions 2: 30. 
mountain-lion, from Awatobi 17: 

618. 
mountain-lion, from Sikyatki 17: 

730. 
mountain-lion, Zimi hunter god of 

the north 2: 25, 40. 
Navaho pony 2: 44. 
Navaho .sheep 2: 44. 
personal, from Sikyatki 17: 729. 
stone, from Pueblo Viejo ruins, cut 

showing 22, i: 186. 
used to save life 32:467. 
wild cat, Zuni hunter god of the 

south 2: 27. 
wolf, Zuni hunter god of the east 

2: 28. 
worship of, by Siouan Indians 15: 

1S4. 
Zuni, falcon and ground owl 2: 30. 
Zuni, knife feathered monster 2: 

40. 
Zuni, white bear 2: 40. 
Sec also Fetishes. 
Fetish Cult, traces of, in Guiana 

30: 137-140. 
Fetishes 

absence of, on Cipaulovi altar 16: 

279. 
animal 47: 277 sq. 
belief in 46: 495. 
Casa Grande 28: 121, 145. 
concretions used as 13: 366. 
description of 47: 277 sqq. 
dolls used as 47: 718. 
feeding of 25: 147; 47: 490. 
found in graves at Sikyatki 14: 519. 
from Pueblo ruins, character and 

uses of 22, i: 107 sqq. 



bonnerjeaI 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Fetishes — Continued 

liandlingof 23: 124. 

in Oraibi antelope altar 16: 291. 

in Oraibi kiva 16: 299 

ivory 46: 173. 

material used by Zuiii in making 
2: 25, 40. 

material used by Zuni in ornament- 
ing 2: 25, 40. 

mention of 4: 201. 

of Corn group 47: 270. 

of Navaho origin 2: 44. 

of the ancient Zuni 13: 359. 

of the Eskimo 18: 434-441. 

of the medicine man 47: 129. 

of the Omaha 3: 276. 

of the priests 47: 490. 

of the Seri 17: S6 sg., 1S5*, 259* 
sqq., 265*, 290*. 

of the shaman 47: 784. 

petrifications regarded as 15: 277. 

prayer song over 23: 125. 

sacred character of 15: 182. 

shell, from Barbados 34: 86. 

stone 34: 113 sgg. 

to insure crops 44: 436. 

Tusayan kivas 8: 130, 131. 

use of, in ceremonials 1 1 : 40, 95, 
120, 135. 

use of, in sun-calling ritual 47: 279. 

value of 47: 491. 

where placed during kiva ceremonials 
8: 122. 

Zuni 2: 12. 

Zuni, council of the 2:. 32. 

Zuni, custodianship of the 2: 30. 

Zuni, of the prey gods of the hunt 
2: 20. 

Zuni, of the prey gods of the bow 
priesthood 2: 40. 

Zuni, of the prey gods of the six 
regions 2: 19. 

Zuni, place of deposit of 2:31. 

Zuni, power of the 2: 15, 33. 

Zuiii, relative value of the 2: 30. 

Zuni uses of 23: 438. 

See also Charms; Fetish; Fetish- 
ism. 
Fetishism 

among the Northern Indians 1 1 : 
201, 272. 

among the Siouan Indians 11: 412, 
426, 443, 498, 510, 515. 

definition of the term 1: 32, 41. 



Fetishism — Contiiuied 
discussion of 47: 490 sq. 
origin of Zuni 2: 12. 
Fetterman, Capt. W. J. 4: 144. 
Fetterm.an, Colonel — , massacre of 

command of 17: 183. 
Fetus of reindeer, eaten by the Point 

Barrow Eskimo 9: 61, 
Feuds 

among theCoeurd'Alene 45: 129s?. 
among the E.skimo 18: 292 sq. 
between families of Okanagan 45: 

259. 
the result of murder 46: 453. 
See also Retaliation; Revenge. 
Fever 

Creek remedies for 42: 655, 656, 

657, 663, 665, 667, 668. 
Guiana Indian treatment of 38: 

§ 927. 
Zuni treatment of 30: 45, 53. 
Fever River, reservation at 18: 712. 
Few Tails Affair, account of 14: 

S,S9, ,S90. 
Fewkes, Dr. Jesse Walter 

acknowledgments to 41:494; 43: 

294; 44: 32. 
administrative reports of 41: 1- 

116. 
appointment of, as chief of the Bur- 
eau 39: 27. 
areheologic collection of, in Porto 

Rico 23: xli sg. 
areheologic explorations of, in the 

Southwest 23: xvi sg. 
areheologic survey of Porto Rico by 

23: XX VII. 
assistance rendered by 42: 729. 
bowl collected by 47: 13. 
bulletin by 28: 17. 
cited 33: 169, 170, 174, 177, 180, 

196, 200. 
cited on symbolic colors 11: 532. 
collections made by 41: 20, 43, 72; 

42: 18; 44: 18. 
collection made by, Casa Grande 

28: 20, 121, 161-179. 
collection made by, in Chihuahua 

23: XLI. 
collection of specimens from New 

Mexico 23: xli. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
description of Ca.sa Grande by 13: 



370 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Fewkes, Dr. Jesse Walter — Contd. 
discovery of ruins by 21: xrx. 
excavations made by 14: 519. 
ethnologic research of 32: 14. 
field work of 20: x sq.; 21: xi. 
Hopi paintings obtained by 21: 

XXV. 

Hopi songs recorded by 44: 18. 
identification of Hopi altar by 19: 

XLix, LI sqq. 
investigation of "zemi" of Porto 

Rico by 23: xl. 
material collected by 24: UM. 
memoir by, on Hopi katcinas 21: 

13-26; 23: xxvi, xliii. 
memoir by, on Pueblo ruins 23: 

XLIII. 

memoir by, on pottery of Arizona 
and Mexico 23: xxvi, xlih. 

memoir by, on Tusayan katcinas 
15: c, 245-313. 

memoir by, on Tusayan Snake cere- 
monies 16: Lxxxviii, xcvii, 257- 
312. 

memoirs lay 17: lxiii sqq., Lxxii 
sq.; 19: xxxix sq., XLV ■■iq.; 28: 
23, 181. 

mention of 32: 9. 

model of Hopi altar by 19: xlviii. 

monograph by, on Casa Grande 3 1 : 
10 .sg. 

obituary of 48: 1221. 

office work by 20: xiii; 22, i: 
xvi-xix, xxiii. 

on altars of Hopi Twin War Gods 
24: 34. 

on archeological expedition to .Ari- 
zona in 1895 17: 519-744. 

on ball game, Tewa 24: 681. 

on Bear Spring 29: 561. 

on cardinal directions in ceremonies 
16: 257. 

on ceremonial cups, Tusayan Tewa 
24: 338 sq. 

on Colorado River 29: 564. 

on estufas 14: 520. 

on European games, Hopi 24: 795 
sq. 

on Flute ceremony, Hopi 24: 649. 

on gaming canes, Tewa 24: 46. 

on Hano 29: 570. 

on hidden ball, Hopi 24: 361 ■~:qq. 

on Hopi ceremonials 14: 544, 550. 

on Hopi use of bull-roarer 14: 975. 

on Jemez 29: 400. 



Fewkes, Dr. Jesse Walter — Contd. 
on lyRguna 29: 540. 
on Lalakonti ceremony, Hopi 24: 

426. 
on Mishongnovi Drab Flute altar 

24: 338. 
on Nambe Pueblo 29: 359. 
on New-fire ceremony 19: 503. 
on Oraibi Marau ceremony, Hopi 

24: 425. 
on Pawikpa 29: 563. 
on Pima cup stone 26: 181. 
on Pojoaque 29: 335. 
on pottery bowl, Hopi 24: 164. 
on San Francisco mountains 29: 

88. 
on San Ildefonso 29:304. 
on San Juan 29: 211, 212. 
on Sandia 29: 526. 
on Santa Clara 29: 241. 
on Sipapu 29: 568. 
on Snake dance 14: 561. 
on Sun priests and kiva ceremonies 

14: 518. 
on Tesuque 29: 387. 
on Tsawarii 29: 254. 
on Walpi 29: 570. 
paper by, note on 33: 39, 40. 
papers by 34: 25; 37: 27; 39: 

24; 40: 17, IS. 
publication of memoir by 17: lvi. 
report on Pueblo ruins in Arizona 

22, i: XLiii, 1-195. 
reports of 40: 1-20; 42: 1-19. 
researches of 16: Lix, lxix; 27: 

8. 
researches of, among Hopi Indians 

31: 10. 
researches of, at Tusayan and Zufii 

14: 339, 359. 
retirement of 45: 1, 19. 
site named for 4: 559. 
Soyaluna altar at Walpi figured by 

24: 337. 
specimens collected by 36: 33; 

40: 20. 
studies of, among the Hopi 21 : xv, 

XVI, XXX, XL. 

studies of, in Amerindian symbolism 

20: 100. 
study of fraternities and cults by 

19: XLVIII. 
study of Porto Rican economy by 

23: XIV. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



371 



Fewkes, Dr. Jesse Walter — Contd. 

systematic research by 33: 12. 

Tusayan Flute and Snake ceremo- 
nies by 19: 957, 1011. 

Tusayan immigration traditiorjs bv 
19: 573-633. 

volumes presented by 39: 25. 

work of 17: xxxix, xlv sq., lyiii; 
18: XXVII, XXXI sq., XLiv, XLvi sq.; 
19: XIII sqq., xix sqq., xxx; 24: 
XIII sq., xxvii, xxvni, xxix; 26: 
x, XII sq., XIV sq., xxii, xxvi- 
xxix; 26: xiv sqq.; 28: 13, 17, 
21 sq.; 29: 14-17, 20, 21; 30: 
10, 20, 22; 34: 8-12; 35: 14 sqq.; 
36: 10 sqq.; 37: 4-7; 39: 9, 12 
sq.; 40: 2 sqq.; 41: 4 sgg., 27-31, 
50-54, 79-82, 101 sqq.; 42: 4; 
43: 2-5; 44: 2. 

work of, on Pueblo mythology 22, i : 
xxxvi. 
Fewkes Canyon, construction of road 

al,.iig 41: 28. 
Fewkes Group of Mounds 41 : 559- 

ai4. 

Fiber 

and leather artifacts, Pima 26: 

113-123. 
bundles of, in cavate lodges 13: 

228. 
clothing and sandals 13:358. 
use of 45: 495 sg. 
use of, as tempering material, eastern 

Ignited States potter v 20: 46, 

117, 121. 
use of brushes of, in potterv decora- 
tion 20: 67. 
Fiber Zibethicus Pallidus, eaten by 

the Pima 26: 80. 
Fictile 

art related to written language 4: 

443. 
fabrics, pictographs on 10: 215. 
ware, from New Mexico, collection 

and study of 18: xxxi sq., 

XLVII. 

ware, of the Seri 17: 182*-185*. 
Ficus Venenata. Sec Pougouly. 
Fiddle 38: § 572. 
Fiducial Activities, progress of re- 
search in 17: xxxv .'iqq. 
Field, — , on Davis's history 19: 
202; 25: 31. 



Field, clearing of 30: 131 sq., 187, 

316. 
Field Columbian Museum 

agreement of, with the Bureau 25: 

XIII. 

models of altars in 19: XLviii. 
Field Deities in Dresden Codex 16: 

226. 
Field Museum of Natural History 
reference to 41: 211. 
researches of 27: S. 
Field Researches and Explorations 

27: S. 
Field Studies 9: xxvii. 
Field Work of the Bureau 
areas covered by 20: ix. 
detailed report of 20: x sq. 
mention of 2: xxv; 3: xviii; 6: 
xxvi-XLiii; 7: xvi-xxx; 8: 
xviii, xxiii; 9: xxv sqq.; 10: 
x-xvii; 13: xxvi; 18: xxvii- 
xxx; 22, i: x-xiv; 25: xiii- 
xvii; 26: ix sq., xii-xxi. 
scope of 22, i: ix. 
Fielder, interpretation, cited 4: 117. 
Fielding, Albert E., mention of 43: 

213. 
Fielding, Everett M., mention of 43: 

213. 
Fielding, Fidelia A. H. 
diary of 43: 205, 228-251. 
remarks on hfe of 43: 223 sqq. 
Fielding, John, Mohegan manuscript 

received from 43: 205. 
Fielding, Lemuel, mention of 43: 

213. 
Fields 

community, management of 42: 

336. 
community, protection of 42: 444. 
division of labor in, by Guiana In- 
dians 38: § 899. 
ownership of 47: 477. 
See ahn Agriculture; Communal 
Lands; Farming. 
Fiesta de San Estevan 

celebration of 47: 102-106. 
dance of 47: 104 sq. 
witnessing of 19: xiii. 
Fife Bird. See Umbrella Bird. 
Fifth- monarchy Men, account of 

14: 938. 
Fight for the Charcoal, songs of the 
39: 213. 



372 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH. ANN. 48 



Fight, Sham, of the Kwakiutl 35: 

1051, 1056. 
Fight, The 

a K'atsina ceremony 47: 82. 
description of 47: 88-94. 
story of 47: 148 sqq. 
Fighting 

among the Eskimo, cessation of 18: 

330. 
Eskimo methods of 18: 328 sq. 
Guiana Indian weapons for, and 

hunting 38: p. 14-173. 
See also War. 
Figueroa, Gomez Suarez de, com- 
panion of Coronado 14: 477. 
Figueroa, Jose, killed at Awatobi 

17: 600. 
Figuier, L. 46: 219. 
"Figure Four" Traps of the Eskimo 

18: 121, 125. 
Figure, Human. See Human Fig- 
ure. 
Figures 

engraved on tablets 15: 103. 
made of leaf strand 38: § 621. 
of pottery 38: § 96 sqq. 
of string 38: p. 500-550. 
patterns on basketry 38: § 444. 
Figurines 

clay, as fetishes 47: 279. 

Eastern United States pottery 20: 

41. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 119, 

124. 
fossil ivory 46: 174. 
in Tusayan ceremony 15: 291. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 83, 99. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 183, 184. 
of Chiriquian art 6: 151 sqq. 
of Flute youth and maiden on altar 

19: 989 sg., 993, 995. 
Potomac-Chesapeake group 20: 

156, 157. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 

131, 140. 
u.se of, in Snake and Flute rites 19: 

1010 sg. 
See also Piiiikon. 
Fijians, pottery-polishing stones of 

the 13: 99. 
Files 

of the Eskimo 9: 182. 

used in engraving silver 2: 174. 



Filfot 

wide range of, among American 

aborigines 22, i: xv sq. 
See also Swastika. 
Filfot Designs 

stamped ware. Gulf Coast group 

20: 108, 109. 
stamped ware. South Appalachian 
group 20: 134, 136 sq. 
Filipinos, resemblance of, to Indians 

46: 36. 
Fillers in Designs 

mention of 41: 276-287. 
rare on Chilcotin baskets 41: 346. 
use of, on Lillooet baskets 41: 336. 
usual position of 41: 290. 
Fillets 

ceremonial, of the Eskimo 18: 416 

sqq. 
decoration by 20: 

Apalachee-Ohio pottery 181. 
Eastern United States pottery 

66. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 

149. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 



for feather crowns 38: § 523. 
head decoration 38: § 530. 
See also Strips. 
Fillmore, Prof. John Comfort 
acknowledgment to 27: 31. 
on .song in Wa'wa" ceremony 27: 

Fillmore, Utah 

exhumation of sepulchre at 6: xli. 
pottery from grave at 4: 292. 
Filson, John, on Yuchi habitat 7: 

127. 
Financial Statement of the Bureau 

of American Ethnology 6: t.viii; 

7: xli; 8: xxxvi; 9: xlvi; 

10: xxx; 13: XLiii; 14: 

XLix; 15: xcii; 16: lxxxv; 

17: Lxii; 18: l; 19: xxxiii; 

20: xxv; 22, i: xlii sq.; 23: 

XLiv; 24: xxxix; 25: xxv. 



Finck, F. N., reference to 28 

Finding of the Foe 

Hi'?a-da story of the 36: ^ 
Wi'-gi-e of the 39: 80. 

Fine Arts 

discussion of 19: Lxx-.xci. 



226. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



373 



Fine Arts — Continued 

origin and evolution of 20: cxxxi 
sq. 
Pines 

customs of 42: 168. 
for failure to attend busk 42: 555, 
567, 577, 603. 
ringer 

catcher 38: §617. 

"cutting" with string 38: § 708- 

710. 
rings of the Eskimo 9: 149. 
Serian and Yuman names of 17: 
330* aqq. 
Finger, Magic 

potency of , in killing game 32: 122, 

123." 
returned to owner 32: 153. 
used as guide 32: 110, 440. 
used to kill game 32: 266. 
Finger- masks 

mention of 3: 123, 131, 132. 
of the Eskimo 18: 412-415. 
Finger-nails 

use of, in finishing and decorating 
20: 
Eastern United States pottery 52, 

64, 75, 79. 
Florida Peninsula pottery llS, 

128. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 

149, 151, 154. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

Finger-rests 

on Eskimo spears and lances, use of 

18: 146, 150 sg. 
on Eskimo throwing sticks, use of 
18: 153. 
Finger Ring, made from seed of 

gougou palm 34: 75. 
Finger-shaker, dice game, Onondaga 

24: 111. 
Fingers 

details of position of, in sign lan- 
guage 1: 392. 
employment of, in modeling and 
finishing, eastern United States 
pottery 20: 51, 52, 65, 66, 73, 
163. 
Eskimo use of, in counting 18: 236 

sq. 
human, necklace of 14: 1024. 
worn as trophies 16: 21. 



Fingers — Continued 

See aho Decoration; Manufacture; 

Modeling. 
Finish. 

Cherokee and Catawba pottery 20: 

54, 55, 56. 
Eastern United States pottery 20: 

46, 51, 67-80. 
Eastern United States pottery, salt- 
making vessels 20: 28. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 117, 

121, 126. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 105, 106, 

111, 113. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 161. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pipes 20: 

158. 
Lower Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 148 sq., 151, 153 sq., 155. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 

20: 84. 
New Jersey-New England pottery 

20: 175 sq., 177, 179. 
Northwestern pottery 20: 188, 196 

sq., 198, 199. 
Ohio Valley pottery 20: 185. 
of Mississippi VaUey potterv 4: 

373. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 

133-136, 138. 
See also Color; Cords; Decora- 
tion; Fabrics; Finishing Tools; 

Paddles; Polishing; Roulette; 

Stones; Tools; Washes. 
Finishing Tools 

clay. Eastern United States 20: 

99, 100. 
used by the Eskimo in wood work- 
ing 18: 87 sqq. 
See also Paddles; Roulette; 

Stamps; Stones. 
Fink, Hugo, on antiquity of Vera 

Cruz 25: 231. 
Finke River, Australia, petroglyphs 

on 10: 162. 
Finley, John, trail followed by 42: 

799. 
Finney, Alfred, Cherokee missionary 

19: 136. 
Fir 

gum from, used for chewing 45: 

484. 
iSee also Douglas Fir; Great Silver 

Fir. 



374 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[eth. 



Fire 

a possession of the Thunderbird clan 

37: 210. 
aid to timberwork 38: § 4. 
at burial ceremonies 38: §834,835, 

849, 859. 
called "grandfather" 42: 484. 
ceremonial, customs concerning 40: 

279. 
ceremonial connected with 1 1 : 381. 
chief, decoration of 11: 402. 
connection of, with the deity 42: 

484. 
drying of pottery before, eastern 

United States 20: 52, 54, 56. 
employed in woodworking 13: 72. 
"flint" and steel 38: §2. 
for heating stones 35: 72, 87, 105, 

164, 265, 276, 282. 
forest, how regarded by Indians 14: 

808. 
guest's side of the 32:561. 
handling by the Crazy dancers 14: 

1033. 
handling by the Wabeno 14: 151. 
Hopi purification by 17: 647. 
illuminant 38: § 5. 
in Caddo mythology 14: 1093. 
in dance house 35: 1219. 
in Ghost dance circle 14: 915, 921. 
in Ghost dance doctrine 14: 786. 
in Paiute dance circle 14: 802, 
in Pima mythology 26: 216. 
in the captaincy order 38: § 746, 

747. 
Indian method? of keeping 19: 

429 sg. 
kindled at grave 42: 394, 395, 396. 
kindling of 45: 65. 
kindling of, in Hopi festivals 21: 

55, 96. 
made from handful of wood 32: 

392, 393. 
medicine buried under 42: 545. 
Menomini mythic origin of 14: 40, 

41, 126. 
Menomini personification of 14: 

87. 
myths concerning 11: 50, 72, 522; 

10: 240 sqg., 404, 409, 431; 45: 

510. 
national, originated by Creeks 42: 

574. 



Fire — Continued 

Nootka belief in origin of 31:894- 

897. 
opposite sides occupied 32: 586. 
origin and use of 15: xxxvm, 

LXXXVI. 

Paiute mythic origin of 14: 1051. 
perpetual, in Potawatomi myth 14: 

208. 
position of, in Tsimshian houses 31: 

396. 
powers in Siouan concept 11: 535. 
produced by magic 35: 745 sg. 
put out with blankets 35: 774. 
reference to 27: 70, 117. 
regarded as a spirit 37: 166. 
religious significance of 42: 608. 
respect for 44: 249. 
ritual connected with 45 : 646-653. 
rubbing and twirling 38: § 1. 
sacred, ceremony connected with 

39: 332, 334. ' 
sacred, method of kindling 14: 

668; 39: 224. 
sacred, of the Cherokee 19: 395 

sg., 501 sqg. 
sacred, of the Iviowa 17: 220, 357. 
sacred, reference to 42: 701. 
sacred, regard for 14: 919, 1070. 
sacredness, reasons for 23: 121. 
Seri concept of 17: 199* s?. 
Serian and Yuman names for 17: 

341* sg. 
spiral 42: 703. 
spirits of 35: 1209, 1331 sq. 
symbol of 39: 113. 
symbolism of 21: 24. 
taboo of, in certain Ghost dances 

14: 802. 
taboo of, Zuni 47: 535. 
tempering of vessels to be used over 

20: 46. 
theft of 30: 212. 
torture by 42: 417 s?. 
transport of 38: § 3. 
treatment of, in Hako ceremony 

22, ii: 34, 35. 
use of, in quarrying 15: 23. 
use of clay in protecting various 

utensils from 20: 49. 
use of pottery over 20: 

Eastern United States 26 sqg. 

Florida Peninsula 121. 

Gulf Coast 105. 



bonneejea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



375 



Fire — Continued 

use of pottery over 20 — Contd. 

Middle Atlantic coast 148, 149. 

Middle Mississippi Valley 83, S9. 

Ohio Valley 185. 

South Appalachian province 132. 
worship of 11: 514; 21: 24, 96. 
See also Charcoal (sacred); Do- 
mestic Pottery; Forest Fire; 

Great Fire Fraternity; New-fire 

Ceremony. 
Fire and Sword Orders, method of 

joininf5 23: 416. 
Firearms 

among the Coeur d'Alene 45: 109. 
among the Creeks 42:453. 
among the Eskimo 9: 193 sqq. 
among the Omaha 13: 288. 
Cherokee use of, in the eighteenth 

century 19: 82. 
influence of, in Ojibwa warfare 19: 

1040, 1044. 
importance of 46: 466. 
introduction of, among Cherokee 

19: 32, 213. 
introduction of, among coast tribes 

19: 31. 
introduction of, among Eskimo 18: 

118 sq. 
introduction of and use of by the 

Point Barrow Eskimo 9: 53. 
Seri use of 17: 259* sqq. 
use of, by Eskimo 18: 163-166. 
use of, in Hopi festivals 21: 31. 
valued highly 46: 555. 
See also Guns. 
Fire Arrow 

hearth 38: § 364. 
in warfare 38: § 764. 
signals by 1 : 540. 
signs for 1 : 344, 380. 
Fire-ball, Eskimo legend of 18: 510 

sq. 
Fire Bed 

over cache pit 41: 505 sq. 
unusual situation of 41: 531, 532. 
Fire Bowl 

burial in edge of 41: 560, 598 sq. 

description of 41: 518 sq., 546 sq. 

Firebrand, use of, by Indians in 

traveling 14: 485. 
Firebrand River. See Colorado; 

Tizon. 
Fire Bush, mediciual use of 43: 265. 



Fire-carrier, Cherokee spirit 19: 

335, 475. 
Fire Ceremony 

meaning of 47: 96. 
of the Corn clan 47: 94 sqq. 
yarrow used in 30: 42. 
See aho Ceremonial Fire; New 
Year Fire. 
Fire Dance, Kwakiutl 35: 738, 739, 

848, 1001, 1004, 1005, 1019, 1070. 
Fire Dancer 

mention of 35: 1081, 1084. 
performance of 35: 1010. 
Fire Disease, name for fevers 42: 

651. 
Fire Dragons 

guarding pathway to magic chest- 
nuts 32: 506. 
in Iroquoian cosmology 21: 157, 
164, 174, 223. 
Fire Drills 

Sen, meaning of name of 17: 199* 

sq. 
Seri, relation to arrow and harpoon 

17: 198* sq. 
use of, in Hopi festivals 21: 55. 
Firedrill Sockets 

use of cupped stones as 13: 92. 
use of perforated stone with 13: 
98. 
Fire Drill Song 39: 224. 
Firefly in Cherokee lore 19: 309. 
Fire Fraternity of Zufii, playing with 

fire by 23: 495. 
Fire Gens, Tebugkihu constructed by 

the 8: 57. 
Fire God 

of Tusayan 15: 263, 265. 
worship of 21: 55. 
See also Tcolawitze. 
Fireholes, in ancient .Arizona struc- 
tures 13: 232, 246. 
Fire House 

ancient occupancy of 17: 633. 
or Tebugkihu, Tusayan 8: 20, 57, 

100, 142, 224. 
ruin of Tusayan 17: 590, 633. 
Fire Implements of the Omaha 13: 

279. 
Fire Keeper 

functions of the 47: 637. 
office of the 43: 462. 



376 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Fire Maker 

dress of 42: 583, 594. 
lighting of sacred fire by 23: 115. 
time of busk set by 42: 583. 
Fire- making 

by primitive Pima 26: 102. 

by rubbing, origin of wood for 30: 

133. 
by the Eskimo, with drUl kindlings 

9: 289 sqq. 
by the Eskimo, with flint and steel 

9: 291. 
by the Eskimo, with flint and steel 

kindlings 9: 291. 
by the Hopi 15: 263. 
by the Navaho 17: 501. 
mention of 42: 695. 
origin of 42: 56. 
sticks for 46: 61, 136. 
Fire-making Implements, Eskimo 

18: 75 sq. 
Fire-making Song 39: 225. 
Fireman, office of 47: 266. 
Fire Old Woman, a supernatural 47: 

343. 
Fire People of Tusayan, migration of 

the 8: 20. 
Fire Pit, in Eagle Nest House 33: 

168. 
Fire Ritual of the Medicine dance 

37: 366. 
Fire Society 

chamber of 47: 107. 
functions of 47: 107. 
initiation into 47: 114 sq. 
jugglery of 47: 114 sqq. 
organization of 11: 70. 
Fire Symbol in the codices 16: 

218,219,224,257. 
Fire Temple, work done on 41: 28. 
Fire Temple House, opened to vis- 
itors 41: 28. 
Fire Tenders, part of, in Hopi festi- 
vals 21: 40, 44 sqq. 
Fire Thunder 

acknowledgments to 14: 655. 
visit of, to Wovoka 14: 894. 
Fire Tongs, of the Kwakiutl 35: 335. 
Fireplaces 

arrangement of, when on the war- 
path 37: 189. 
consecration of 11: 380. 
consecration of, of chief 



Fireplaces — Contin ued 

dedication of, to peace 36: 54. 

dedication of, to warfare 36: 53, 
54, 69. 

in cavate lodges 13: 224,256; 17: 
641. 

in Omaha lodges 13: 271. 

mention of 8: 102, 109, 121, 125, 
163, 167-180. 

of Eskimo houses 18: 244, 245. 

of the Omaha and Ponka 13: 275. 

Pima, description of 26: 69. 

sacred character of 36: 53 sg. 

separation of families in lodges by 
32: 518. 

treatment of, in Hako ceremony 
22, u: 34. 

See aho Chimney-like Structures. 
Fireplace Song 39: 278, 280. 
Firesticks 

legends of 30: 130-136. 

timber for 38: § 1. 
Fires 

at cardinal points 41: 506 s?. 

built during erection of mound 41: 
499 sq. 

burial 1: 198. 

for domestic use 41: 573. 

sacred, in the Southeast 44: 248 

size of 41: 536. 

See aho Ceremonial Fires; Fire; 
Fire Bed; Fire Bowl. 
Fireweed 

use of 44: 2S9; 45: 498. 

See also Epilobium Angustifolium. 
Firewood 

a marriage token 38: §887. 

gathered by men 31: 396. 

of the Kwakiutl 35:762. 

.sign of respect for the dying man 
38: § 865. 
Firewood Clan. See Eokop Clan. 
Firewood People 

at Sikyatki 17: 632, 633, 640, 646. 

of Tusayan 17: 672. 
Firing 

of Guiana pottery 38: § 92. 

of Pueblo pottery 4: 268. 

See also Baking. 
First-born Children, destruction of, 

by Guiana Indians 38: § 731. 
First Christian Party of Oneida, 

treaty with 18: 772. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



377 



First Person Plural, reference to 

28: 226. 
First-who-flies, account of 46: -4(11 

Fish, Sarah. See Hina, Sala. 
Fish 

absence of ceremonies regarding 

45: 184. 
appearance of, in Hopi katcina 

pictures 21: 113. 
as food, importance of, to the Eskimo 

18: 24. 
beliefs concerning 30: 371. 
binas for 30: 282, 285. 
camps 46: 59, 66, 67, 98. 
camps, Tanana 46: 126. 
capture of 38: § 185-209, 272, 273. 
conversion into 32: 191. 
cutting-board for 35: 225. 
drying of 45: 240. 
effigy of, in Santa Rita mound 19: 

683. 
Eskimo account of creation of 18: 

454 sq. 
Eskimo methods of preparing 18: 

183, 267. 
flour 38: § 163. 
food among the Pima 26: S3, 
hammock or baskets for 38: § 195. 
in Menomini myth 14: 125, 200, 

217. 
in Tlingit calendar 26: 426. 
known to Omaha, names of 27: 

106. 
legend concerning 30: 220, 234, 

262. 
lines of the Eskimo 9: 278-284. 
means of securing 44: 262. 
mention of 46: 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 

00, 91, 98, 110, 116. 
method of shooting 30: 131. 
nets for, Guiana Indian 38: § 201. 
nets of the Eskimo 9: 284, 286. 
origin of 30: 148. 
painting of, on wall in Santa Rita 

mound 19: 667. 
preservation of, for food 44: 306. 
representation of 20: 

Florida Peninsula pottery 124. 

Gulf Coast pottery 108. 

Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 
85, 88, 95. 
roe 38: § 163. 



Fish — Continued 

Seri methods of catching and eating 

17: 193* sg. 
speared with leg 32: 283. 
spirits associated with 30: 241- 

244. 
string figures of 38: §661,671,673, 

674, 693, 699-701, 705. 
swallowing of boy by 32: 182 
traps and wheels 46: 40, 57. 
transportation of 30: 294. 
transformation into 30: 242. 
use of, as food 11:280; 41:608. 
use of, at Isleta 47: 211. 
use of, by the Menomini 14: 290. 
village. Lower Yukon 46: 74. 
woman tran.sformcd into 32: 538. 
See also Blackfish; Codfish; Devil- 
fish; Flounders; Halibut; Kelp- 
fish; Perch; Bedfish; Salmon. 
Fish-arrows of the Eskimo 18: 160 

sq. 
Fish Bladders, use of, as ornaments 

42: 685. 
Fishbones 

excrescences from, found in graves 

44: 136. 
from Burton mound 44: 135. 
thrown into fire 35: 411. 
Fish Clan 

associations of 42: 145. 
native names for 42: 115. 
personal names of 37: 250. 
referred to by J. Adair 42: 119. 
story concerning 42: 109, 112. 
Fish Cow. See Manati. 
Fish Creek, ornate stone lamp of 

46: 34. 
Fish Dams, construction of 42: 782. 
Fish Dance 

mention of 42: 524. 
See also Garfish Dance. 
Fish-eaters, a Paiute band 14: 818, 

1051. 
Fish-e-More. See Taka-i-bodal. 
Fish Idol, description of, by Poey 34: 

181. 
Fish Katcina. See Pakiokwik. 
Fish Knives 

locked in roasting tongs 35: 306. 
mention of 35: 242 
Fish-Mamma, description of 30: 
241 sq. 



378 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Fish Nation, legends concerning 30: 

220, 242, 363. 
Fish People, personal names of 43: 

130 sqq. 
Fish Poison, nature of 30: 234. 
Fish Pond Towns 

distribution of medicine at 42: 608. 
emblems on ball posts of 42: 244. 
See oi.so Asilanabi; taiogalga; Ok- 
chai. 
Fish Kiver, identity of 19: 190. 
Fish Scaler of the Eskimo 9: 311. 
Fish Skin 

Eskimo ceremonial objects of 18: 

420. 
Eskimo clothing made of 18: 36. 
Eskimo implements made of 18: 

105, 146, 161. 
Eskimo method of dressing 18: 117. 
Fish Soup eaten after meat 35: 412. 
Fish Spears of the Eskimo 18: 194 

sq. 
Fish Symbol in the codices 16: 241, 

261. 
Fish Traps 

as property of numayms 35: 1347. 

Eskimo 18: 183 sqq. 

Eskimo implements used in making 

18: 88. 
of the Kwakiutl 35: 182, 183. 
success of 35: 613. 
Fish Weirs 

of the Huron-Iroquois district 12: 

549. 
of the Virginia Indians 13: 14. 
of wattle work 13: 13. 
Fisher, — , of Biological Survey, on 
mice and rats of Pimerfa 26: SO. 
Fisher, Reginald, cooperation of 46: 

6. 
Fisher, W. J., material collected by 

24: 723. 
Fisher, a man-being in Iroquoian cos- 
mology 21: 202. 
Fisheries, ownership of, in Chatta- 
hoochee River 42: 59. 
Fisherman, successful, how made 35: 

Fishery, season among the Eskimo 

9: 282 sq. 
Fishes 

in Pima flood legend 28: 50. 
myths concerning 19: 251, 285, 
289, 307, 320, 455, 469. 



Fishes — Continued 

of the Point Barrow region, Alaska 
9: .58. 

See also Fish. 
Fishhawk in Menomini myth 14: 

200. 
Fishhook Points, Composite 

fragmentary 44: 128-133. 

with blunt base 44: 122-125. 

with sharp ends 44: 125 sq. 
Fishhooks 

magical 33: 640, 658, 659, 660. 

of the Eskimo 9: 279-284. 

of the Nenenot 11: 320. 

one-piece bone 44: 133. 

one-piece shell 44: 138-144. 

u.sed in capturing canoo 32: 78, 
223, 713. 
Fishing 

account of 27: 312. 

among Upper Missouri Indians 46: 
544, 582. 

customs of the Omaha 3: 301, 302. 

Eskimo methods of 6: 513-516; 
18: 173-190. 

Eskimo seasons of 18: 173 sq., 183 
sq. 

implements of the Eskimo 9: 278- 
287; 18: 173 sqq. 

implements used for 45: 105 sqq. 

importance of 45: 348. 

manner of, of the Eskimo 9: 283. 

methods of 42: 694; 45: 246, 349. 

of the Eskimo 1 1 : 204. 

of the Kwakiutl 35: 178-184. 

of the Menomini 14: 272. 

of the Tsimshian 31: 399 sqq. 

of the Winnebago 37: 114. 

relation of, to games 19: LXix. 

seasons for 31: 398 sq. 

stone implements used in 13: 164. 

traps for 3: 302. 
Fishing Appliances 

hooks 2: 208. 

manufacture of 2: 210. 

shell 2: 207. 

sinkers 2: 208. 
Fishing lines 

of Guiana Indians 38: § 65-69. 

of the Kwakiutl 35: 179. 
Fishing Places 

hereditary nature of 35: 223. 

quarrels over 35: 224. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



379 



Fishing Tackle for flounders 35: 

Fiske, John 

on turtle in primitive mytholoL;\ 

14: 976. 
petitions for Casa Grande repair 1 5 : 
cm. 
Fiske, Moses, description by, of cists 

in Tennessee 1: 113. 
Fissurella Shell, use of, as ornaments 

2: 191, 220, 261, 263. 
Fits, Guiana Indian treatment of 

38: § 02S. 
Fitzpatrick, Thomas 

Indian agent in 1S53 17: 173. 
on Kiowa raids into Mexico 17: 171. 
on Southwestern tribes In 1848 17: 
286. 
Five, a ritual number 47: 284. 
Five Civilized Tribes, saljia known to 

42: 498. 
Five-finger 

use of 44: 289. 
See also DrymocaUis Arguta. 
Five Nations 

land cessions by 18: 5.52 sqq., 580 

sq., 596. 
See also Iroquois; New Tork In- 
dians; Six Nations. 
Flag 

heraldic, of Smohalla 14: 725, 726. 
of the United States, Indian name 

for 42: 576. 
use of, in Ghost dance 14: 823. 
Flag, Blue 33: 72. 
Flagellants, account of the 14: 935. 
Flagellation 

importance of rite of 47: 976. 
See also Whipping. 
Flageolets 

of the American Indians 19: 455. 
of the Guiana Indians 38: §563.5917. 
.See also Flute. 
Flagstaff, Ariz. 

archeological work near 43: 1-4. 
cavate lodges near 13: 217,223. 
cavate ruins near 22, i: 35. 
cavate ruins near 22, i: 
descriptions published 35. 
new caves of 37 sq. 
old caves of 36 sq. 
Turkey Tank caves of 38 sq. 
cliff houses near 17: 533. 
reference to 28: 186, 194, 195. 
95719°— 33 25 



Flaked Implements 

description of 15: 80. 

manufacture of 15: 29. 

rude, discussion of 15: 148. 
Flaked Stones 

confounded with implements 15: 53. 

deposits of, near Washington 15: 19. 
Flakes, described and figured 13: 171. 
Flaking 

for grater stone chips 38: § 339. 

implements produced by 15: 25. 

instruments used by Eskimo in mak- 
ing stone tools 18: 91. 

of stone 25: 91. 

of stone, discussion of 15: 95. 

stone, experiments in 15: 151. 

stone, jirocess of 15: 57, 59, 80, 81. 

stone, tools used in 15: 58. 
Flannel 

Eskimo fishing imi^lements made of 
18: 179. 

Eskimo hunting bag made of 18: 
167. 
Flask 

for powder, Eskimo 18: 165. 

-shaped ves.sels 34: 239. 
Flat 

and terraced roofs 4: 477. 

beads 4: 140. 

ornaments 4: 271. 
Flat Belly's Village 

cession of reserve at 18: 752. 

reservation at 18: 716. 
Flat Lick, Ky. 

location of 42: 798. 

trail to 42: 782. 
Flat Top Mountain, trail across 

42: 770. 
Flatbow 

a synonym of the Kutenai 14: 731. 

Srr {dso Kitunahan Family. 
Flathead Cootenai 7: 85. 
Flathead Family, Salish or 7: 102. 
Flathead Group 

characteristics of liabitat of 45: 309. 

material culture of 45: 326. 

tribes composing 45: 295. 

tribes surrounding 45: 37. 

two extinct tribes of 45: 295, 296. 

wars of, with the whites 45: 373. 
Flathead Indians 

Kiowa name of the 17: 153. 

land cessions and reservations 18: 
808 sqq., 812 sqq., 858. 



380 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Flathead Indians — Continued 
land treaty with 14: 731. 
present habitat of 14: 805. 
stick games of the 24: 261. 
tribal signs for 1 : 468. 
See aho Kwakiutl. 
Flathead Reserve, tribes represented 

on 45 : 323 sq. 
Flathead Tribe 

as basket makers 41: 141. 
associations of, with other tribes 

45: 319 sq., 322. 
bands of 45 : 309 sq. 
basketry of 41: 154, 155. 
baskets of, unimhricated 41: 140. 
baskets sold by 41:135. 
Blackfoot raids on 45: 318. 
characteristics of 45: 325. 
dialect of 45: 303. 
habitat of 45 : 303. 
Indian names for 45: 296, 297, 

299. 
migration of 45 : 322. 
origin of the name of 45: 295, 296. 
name for themselves 45: 296. 
name of, in sign language 45: 145. 
population of, about 1805 45: 314 

present population of 45: 315. 

shapes of baskets made by 41: 
138, 141. 

wars of, with Coeur d'Alene 45: 
121-124. 
Flatiron, implements resembling, Mid- 
dle Mississippi Valley pottery 
20: 99 sq. 
Flavoring 

coriander used as 30: 66. 

ground cherry used for 30: 70. 

pectis used for 30: 69. 
Flax 

River of the 14: 554, 555. 

wild, on great plains 14: 528, 591. 

wild, use of 33: 98. 

.See also Yellow Flax. 
Fleabane 

in Cherokee lore 19: 420. 

use of 45: 473, 493, 497. 
Fleas 

leaf figures of 38: §621. 

sand, plague of, a possible cause of 
abandonment of Pueblos 22, i: 
22. 

string figure of 38: § 639. 



Fleetness of the Seri 17: 149*- 

152*. 
Fleischer, H. L., mention of Dresden 

Codex by 6: 263. 
Fleischer, K. A. 

acknowledgment to 29: 38. 

on Isleta 29: 528. 

references to 29: 424,432,434,443, 

444, 44.5, 446, 447, 451, 494, 506. 
Fleming County, Ky., occurrence of 

earthenware spools in 20: 44. 
Fletcher, Aqent — , on Winnebago 

cycles 14: 701. 
Fletcher, Miss Alice C. 

acknowledgment to 29: 12. 
contributor to Bureau 48: 1189. 
Dakota dances described by 3: 

298, 355. 
efforts on behalf of the Omaha 27: 

639 sq. 
ethnologic research by 32: 22. 
field work of 21: xii. 
field work of, among the Pawnee 

22, i: XIV. 
information gathered by 36: 219. 
list of gentes obtained by 36: 52. 
manuscript on the Omaha by 30: 

24. 
material collected by 24: 188, 641. 
mention of 39: 38, 82; 43: 91. 
monograph by 27: 14. 
monograph on Pawnee ritual by 23 : 

XXXVIII, XLIII. 

obituary of 48: 1221. 

office work of, on Pawnee ritual of 

the Hako 22, i: xxxvii. 
on beUefs 11: 414, 500, 536. 
on ceremonials 11: 385, 391. 
on Ghost lodge 1 1 : 487. 
on hoop and pole, Omaha 24: 516. 
on name of dice game, Omaha 24: 

187. 
on Omaha music 15: 176. 
on ring and ]5in, Brul6 Dakota 24: 

556. 
on Sun dance 1 1 : 457, 462, 466. 
on the 0egiha 15: 161. 
on the thunderbird and cedar among 

Omaha and Ponka 15: 183. 
on the llmane 11: 451. 
paper by, on the Hako 22, ii: 1- 

368. 
Pawnee ceremony recorded by 21: 

XXXI. 



BONNERJEA 



SUBJECT INDEX 



381 



Fletcher, Miss Alice C. — Continued 
quoted on 11: 

berdaches 379. 

ceremonials 446. 

Indian beliefs 434, 476, 497. 

kinship terms 368. 

rites of puberty 483. 

Sun dance 450, 453. 

symbolism 427, 529. 

Unktehi 439. 
record of Hako ceremony obtained 

by, characterization of report 

22, i: XLiv. 
reference to work of 11: 363. 
songs transcribed by 34: 18; 36: 

55. 
special work by 32: 9. 
story concerning 43: 94 sq. 
studies of, in Amerindian symbolism 

20: 100. 
study of fraternities and cults by 

19: XLViii. 
study of Pawnee ritual by 23: xvi. 
value of researches of 15: 183. 
work of 24: xxvi; 26: xxv; 31: 

8, 20. 
Fletcher (Miss A. C.) and La Flesche 

(F.), reference to monograph by 

37: 181. 
Fletcher, Benjamin, grants of land 

by 18: 580. 
Fletcher, Francis, on Indian giants 

14: 485. 
Fletcher, J. E., on Winnebago cere- 
monial 14: 110. 
Fletcher, Dr. Kobert 
cited 4: 252. 

on prehistoric trephining and cra- 
nial amulets 3: xv. 
on primitive trephining 16: 12, 16, 

17, 18, 27. 
Fletcher, Lieut. Bobert, material col- 
lected by 24: 235. 
Flexed-burial People 
discussion of 41: 602. 
homes of 41: 597 sq. 
indication of contacts of 41: 602. 
traces of 41: 559. 
Flexed Burials, description of 41: 

587 sq., 598 .s?., 601. 
Flicker 

in Pima mythology 26: 211. 
mask of, used by Tlingit 26: 436. 



Flicker — Continued 

Tlingit house group name 26: 400, 
401. 
Flies 

Iroquois superstitition concerning 

2: 74. 
See also Fly. 
Flight 

symbols of 14: 129. 
to the moon 6: 598, 599. 
Flint, Charles L., on Ziiania miliacea 

19: 1022. 
Flint, Timothy 

on importance and extensiveness of 

wild rice crop 19: 1101. 
on popular synonvm for wild rice 

19: 1023. 
on tying wild rice 19: 105S. 
on wild rice as pudding 19: 1084. 
Flint, a man-being in Iroquoian cos- 
mology 21: 188, 195, 201, 293, 
294. 
Flint 

aboriginal quarries of 15: 23. 
area where found 44: 507 sq. 
beveled, notes on 13: 177. 
color of 44: 518 sq. 
deposits of Illinois 13: 133. 
distribution of 15: 73. 
Eskimo implements made of 18: 
80 sqq., 114, 145 sqq., 149, 159, 171. 
flakers of the Eskimo 9: 287 sqq. 
formation 44: 505. 
how adapted to implement making 

15: 84. 
implements, discussion of 15: 89. 
implements, sparsity of 15: 78. 
in Coshocton County, Ohio 44: 

508-512. 
knives, found in Guadeloupe 34: 

137. 
Menomini personification of 14: 87. 
mention of 46: 173. 
myths concerning 19: 234, 274, 

450. 
native method of obtaining 44: 

524. 
not adapted to pecking 15: 96. 
origin of 31: 471. 
quarries, description of 15: 77. 
quarrying of, in Ohio 13: xxvii. 
red-hot, lodge turned into 32: 186, 

source of, for implements 15: 140. 



382 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Flint — Continued 

stemless, description of 13: 143. 
symbols in Borgian Codex 16: 228. 
transportation of , by floods 15: 22. 
use of, for flaking 15: 29. 
use of, for implement making 15: 

135. 
use of, in aboriginal art 15: 24. 
use of the name 44: 96, 505, 507. 
working of, by the Eskimo 9: 287 

sqq. 
See also Chert. 
Flint and Steel 

among the Eskimo, use of 18: 76. 
See also Fires. 
Flint Bidge 

cores from 13: 171. 
information regarding 44: 512. 
Flint River 

Muskogee settled on 42: 45. 
trail along 42: 850. 
treaty of 18: 768. 
Flint Society, functions of 47: 107. 
Flinter, Col. George D., on Porto Rico 

25: 20. 
Flipper Toggles for Eskimo harpoons 

9: 247. 
Flipstone, game of 24: 141. 
Float-boards used by the Eskimo 

18: 137 sg. 
Floats 

fishing, of the Eskimo 11: 248. 

for Eskimo seal darts 9: 215. 

for Eskimo whale harpoons 9: 236, 

246 sq. 
for Guiana Indian arrow 38: §140. 
for Guiana Indian fishing line 38: 

§191. 
used by the Eskimo 18: 126 sqq.. 
140 sg?., 185 sq., 188, 218. 
Flogging 

in Tusayan ceremonies 15: 294, 

304. 
See also Whipping. 
Flood 

in Ghost-dance doctrine 14: 788. 
in Missouri River recorded 4: 137 

sq. 
in Pima mythology 26: 210-213, 

248. 
in Pima song 26: 314. 
in Zuni mythology 13: 429. 
legend of, Eskimo 18: 452. 
legend of, Pima 28: 49-52. 



Flood — Continued 

legend of, Seneca 32: 636. 

myth concerning 19: 261, 444 .si?. 

predicted in Ghost-dance doctrine 

14: 784. 
story about 43: 371. 
See also Cosmology; Floods. 
Flood Songs 

uf the Pima 26: 274-277. 
of theTlingit 26: 437. 
Flooding of House, magical 35: 

1143, 1144. 
Floods 

a possible cause of abandonment of 
pueblos on Little Colorado River 
22, i: 22. 
as agents of stone transportation 

15: 22. 
in far Southwest 26: 53 sq. 
in Gila River 26: 62, 67. 
See also Flood; Water. 
Floor 

and roof construction at Homolobi, 

manner of 22, i: 110. 
in Pueblo buildings, various kinds 
of, description of 8: 121, 135, 
148-151. 
influence of, on form of vessels 20: 

61, 62. 
of Mashongnavi house 8: 109. 
sandstone slabs, Shupaulovi kiva 

8: 123. 
stone flags, Tusayan kiva 8: 121. 
Floors 

of Casa Grande 13: 311. 

of Casa Grande, construction of 

28: 80, S3, 84 sq. 
of cliff dwellings, discussion of 16: 

165, 197. 
of Eskimo buildings 18: 245, 252. 
})lastering of, for leveling 13: 251. 
polished black 41:520,559,570. 
pottery mosaic, of grave 41: 603 

sq. 
stone mosaic 41: 545 sg. 
treatment of 41: 518, 520, 570. 
Flora 

effect of, on architecture 33: 57. 
known to Omaha 27: 106 sg. 
of Pimeria, character of 26: 157. 
of Seriland 17: 31-36. 
See also Flowers. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



383 



Florence, Ariz. 

pictographs in vicinity of 28: 1-1 S 

sg. 
reference to 28: 33, 34, 72, !).'), 

114. 
Florence Canal, construction of 26: 

33. 
Florida 

Alachua County, Job Smith moumi 

12: 327. 
ancient tribes of 26: xm .s?. 
archeological work in 16: lvi; 41: 

101. 
as source of Antilleans 25: 21.5- 

220. 
burial customs of 20: 40, lOG, 119 

coiled pottery of 4: 277. 
cremation mound in 1: 148,149. 
deportation of Kiowa prisoners to 

17: 215, 339. 
Enterprise, mounds at 12: 328. 
explorations in 12: 327-333. 
explored by De Soto 14: 370. 
explored by Narvaez 14: 346, 474. 
field work in 27: 7. 
fossil beds of 43: 14 sq. 
Gainesville, mound near 12: 328. 
historic aborigines of 20: 15, 115. 
Indian migration to 19: 99. 
Indian war symbols 4: 88. 
Lake George, mound on bank of 12: 

654. 
lost languages of 42: 678. 
mound burial in 1: 119,120. 
mounds in 5: 12. 
natives of, reseml^lance to Cuban 

coast people 34: 252 sq. 
northern, sources of information on 

42: 679. 
office work on material from 20: 

IX, XII. 

physical type of tribes in 42: 677. 
pottery from 20: 108 sqq. 
proclamation for government of 

18: 558 sq. 
reputed bad character of country of 

14: 545. 
researches in 28: 9. 
St. Johns and Volusia Counties, 

mounds in 12: 328-333. 
Satsuma, mound at 12: 332. 
Seminole Indians of, paper on 5: 

XLviii-L, 469-531. 



Florida — Continued 

southeastern, sources of information 

on 42: 679. 
study of collection from 19: xix. 
study of relics from 18: xxx sq. 
textile fish in 20: 68. 
thick-rimmed bowls found in 20 

112 sq. 
use of earthenware drums in 20 

34. 
Vulusia County, mounds in 12 

328. 
wood and shell objects from 21 

XIV. 

Florida Chief, Satouriona, tattooing 

of 10: 393. 
Florida Culture Area, features of 

42: 715. 
Florida Indians. 

cultural differences of 42: 711. 
customs of 42: 693, 694, 696, 700. 
declaration of war by 10: 359. 
decorative painting by 10: 619. 
hairdressing of the 42: 684. 
medicine tubes of the 13: 127. 
mention of the 42: 47. 
nets made and used by 13: 45. 
shell-mounds, plummets found in 

13: 111. 
stone fishing implement used bv 

13: 164. 
Sec also Florida. 
Florida Peninsula Pottery 
character of 20: 22. 
decoration of, in color 20: 67. 
examples of 20: 120-130. 
forms of 20: 118. 
manufacture of 20: 117 sq. 
materials used in making 20: 117. 
northward extension of 20: 130. 
occurrence of pottery resembling. 

Gulf Coast province 20: 108, 

109, 110 sq., 112. 
occurrence of decoration re,sembling 

that of. New Jersey-New England 

area 20: 176, 177 sq. 
pipes 20: 99, 129, 141. 
range of 20: 115, 116 sq. 
stamped ware, cliaracteristics of 

20: 135. 
uses of 20: 118 sqq. 
westward extension of 20: 104. 
Florida, Southwestern, sources of 

information on 42: 679. 



384 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



[ETH 



Florida Tribes 

destruction or scattering of 42: 

324. 
type of buildings of 42: 191. 
.See also Florida; Seminole. 
Flory, H. 46: 33. 
Flounder, name of Tlingit gaming 

stick 26: 444. 
Flounders 

boiling whole 35: il5 sgq. 
catching of 35: 178, 413 sq. 
cutting of 35: 41.5. 
eaten with spoons 35: 417. 
mention of 35: 413-421. 
steamed 35: 418-421. 
Flour, starch 38: § 2.32 sqq. 
Flower, W. H. 46: 233, 330, 332, 

333, 338, 368. 
Flower, Sir William H., on Jamaican 

skulls 25: 30. 
Flower Figure 

on Hopi pottery 17: 697. 
on Sikyatki pottery 17: 658, 680. 
Flower Messages of Turks and Per- 
sians 10: 368. 
Flowers 

artificial, use of, by Hopi katcinas 

01: 73, 76, 101. 
drink made from 44: 317. 
how regarded by the Zuni 30: 63 

sq. 
mythic creation of 30: 46. 
not plucked for adornment 33: 58. 
representation of, mortuary pottery, 

Florida Peninsula 20: 124. 
use of, in Pueblo ceremonials 14: 

544. 
.See also Flora; Vegetal Designs. 
Floyd, General — 

assistance given by Lower Creeks to 

19: 90. 
capture of Autossee by 19: 92. 
defeat of, at Calabee Creek 19: 93. 
Flute 

appearance of, in pictures of Hopi 

katcinas 21: 80, 84, 101, 102. 
as paraphernalia of the dance 40: 

38; 119, 137. 
ceremonial use of 42: 703. 
description of 27: 371 sq.; 42: 

521. 
magic 32: 401. 

of the Guiana Indians 38: §560- 
562. 



Flute — Continued 

of the Omaha 13: 282. 
of the Siouan tribes 11: 455. 
origin of 30: 178, 229. 
performances, records of 47: 9. 
played by host at feast 37: 430. 
reference to 21: 234, 2.35. 
sun greeted by 30: 254. 
use of 42: 521; 46: 512. 
use of, in Hopi ceremonies 21: 30. 
.Sec also Flageolets; Flutes. 
Flute Altar 

at Walpi, description of 19: 1001 

sq. 
Corn-maid images on 16: 300. 
Flute Boys, description and function 

of 19: 997 sq., 999. 
Flute Ceremony 

at Mishongnovi in 1896 19: 987- 

1000. 
at Oraibi, memoir on 19: 987. 
at Walpi in 1896 19: 1000-1005. 
girls in 16: 300. 
not performed in kiva 17: 575. 

612. 
of Pueblo Indians, reference to 

22, i: 18. 
pueblos, where performed 19: 987. 
public, at Shipaulovi 19: 996-1000. 
trails closed during 17: 597. 
Flute Chiefs, description of 19: 997. 
Flute Clan 

and Flute society, relationship of 

19: 1007 sq. 
See also Lenya Clan. 
Flute Dance 

fraternities taking part in 31 : 23. 
mention of 21: 22. 
symboUsm of Ahijlani in 21: 121. 
See also Lelenti. 
Flute Girls 

description and function of 19: 

997, 999. 
identity of dress of, with that of 
.Snake girls 21: 57. 
Flute Katcina. See Lenya. 
Flute-like Objects 

from Awatobi 17: 624. 
from Sikyatki 17: 656. 
Flute Maiden, figurine of 19: 989 

sq., 993, 995. 
Flute Observance, prominent ele- 
I ments in 19: 1005. 



SUBJECT INDEX 



385 



Flute People 

of Zuiii mythology 13: 432. 

union of, with Snake people 16: o04, 
307. 
Flute Prayer-stick, making of 21: 

Flute Priests 

festival of 21: 29, 30. 

festival of, alternated with Snake 
festival 21: 19. 
Flute Bites, interpretation of 19: 

1000 sq. 
Flute Rooms 

at Mishongnovi 19: 9S8. 

at Walpi 19: 1000 sq. 
Flute (Lenya) Society 

cen.sus of 19: 627. 

prayer-sticks of the 17: 737. 
Flute Songs at Walpi 19: 1002 .s?. 
Flute Youth, figurine of 19: 9S9 s?., 

993, 995. 
Flutes 

at Pecos 14: 491. 

description of 23: 190, 191, 192; 
45: 165. 

use of 45: 284. 

See also Flute. 
Flux, remedies used for 42: 660, 663, 

664, 668. 
Fly 

in Pima legend 28: 52. 

in Pima mythology 26: 216, 220. 

in Pima song 26: 278, 300. 

messenger for rain 26: 259. 

string figure of 38: § 691, 692. 

Tlingit custom concerning 26: 459. 

See also Flies. 
Fly bait, artificial 38: § 192. 
Flying Squirrel 

myths concerning 19: 262, 286 sq., 
454. 

Sec also Ka'lahu'. 
Flynn's Creek, trail to 42: 834. 
Foam Magician, in Pima religion 

26: 251. 
Foam People. Sic Xel qoan. 
Foe, Finding of the 

Wi'-gi-e of 36: 212-219. 

See also Finding of the Foe. 
Foeticide among the Omaha 3: 203. 
Fog-shrubbery of Seriland 17: 36. 
Fogs 

gathered by mother of twins 35: 



Fogs — Continued 

in Paiute Ghost song 14: 1054. 
mention of 46: 107, 115. 
terms relating to 29: 54. 
Folger, Peter, signature of deeds by 

18: 606. 
Foliated Cross 

at Palenque, face numerals on, value 

of 22, i: 219. 
tablet of the, initial series of, inscrip- 
tions of 19: 801. 
Folklore 

definition of science of 20: cxciii. 
introduction to 30: 371-384. 
Mohegan-Pequot, addendum to 43: 

260-263. 
of the American Indians 11: 260, 

327, 511. 
of the Eskimo, scope of 18: 450 sq. 
of the Guiana Indians 30: 26 sqq., 

103-386. 
of the katcinas 47: 1067, 1083. 
plants used in 39: 74 sg. 
significance of term 25: 20. 
Zuni and Laguna 47: ' 1022. 
Folktales 

Isleta 47: 359-460. 

of tlie Eskimo 18: 450-518. 

of the Menomini 14:209-239. 

of the Mohegan 43: 245, 276-279. 

of the Nootka and Bellabella 31: 

883-935. 
of the Seneca 32:75-341. 
of the Tsimshian 31: 58-392. 
of the Zuni, describing stone-close 

8: 193. 
Zuni, resemblance of, to medieval 

tales 47: 845 sq. 
See al.-io legends; Myths. 
Folle Avoine 

use of term 19: 1024. 
See also Menomini. 
Folle Avoine Country 19: 1042. 
Fomes Applanatus, use of 44: 289. 
Fond du Lac 

effigy mounds at 37: 98. 
treaty of 18: 714, 780. 
Fond du Lac Chippewa laud ces- 
sions and reservations 18: 796, 
856, 938. 
Font, Father Pedro 

account of Casa Grande by 13 : 296; 
28: 42, 43 sq., 58-61, 88, 91. 



386 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL EEPORTS 



Font, Father Pedro — Continued 
cited on use of horse bv Pima 26: 

84. 
extract from diary of 44: 46 sqq. 
on dimensions of Casa Grande 13: 

307. 
on Pima 26: 29 sq., 84. 
on Pima creation myth 26: 212 si?, 
on Pima-Papago village near Santa 

Cruz River 26: 21. 
on village of Cuitoa 26: 21. 
reference to 28:45,63. 
Uturituc described by 28: 37. 
visit of, to Casa Grande 28: 57. 
Fontanedo, — 

Cherokee name used Ijy 19: 182 

sq., 187. 
Timuquanan local names given by 

7: 124. 
Fontenelle, Lopan 
death of 27: 100 sq. 
reference to 27: 626. 
Font's Boom, Casa Grande 28: 91, 

98, 116. 
Food 

adjuncts 38: p. 222-225. 

and food-gathering of the Seri 17: 

9, 77, 91 sq., 180*-215*. 
animal 45: 88. 
animal, of Tennessee Indians 41: 

607-611. 
animal, of Upper Missouri Indians 

46: 681 sq. 
animal, selection of, in myth 14: 

200. 
animal, supposed effects of 44: 

252. 
as an offering 47: 276, 498. 
as marriage gift 35: 777. 
at Bear feast 37: 321. 
beliefs concerning 41: 608; 42: 

517-521. 

used as 14: 1087; 45: 89 



boiled with stone 31: 405. 

burial of 1: 192. 

burial of, with the dead 30: 149, 

156 sq.; 40: 372; 42: 395 sq. 
burning of, Viefore eating 31: 544. 
ceremonial gathering of 39: 159 sg. 
ceremonies connected with gathering 

of 45: 453. 
classification of 17: 180* sq. 
cooking of 45: 94 sg. 
Cottonwood pith used as 14: 967. 



Food — Continued 

distribution of, among North Ameri- 
can Indians 7: 34. 
distribution of, at ceremony 39: 61. 
dogs used as 15: 171. 
dropping of, prohibition of 40: 89. 
duties of procuring 39: 288. 
effect of extermination of buffalo 27: 

634 sq. 
Eskimo, kinds of 18: 267-270. 
Eskimo, methods of preparing 18: 

267 sq. 
etiquette of eating and drinking 38: 

p. 235-239. 
fishing 27: 312. 
for visitors 38: §810,811. 
gathering of 35:184-222. 
gifts of, significance of 30: 313. 
grass seed used as 14: 1054. 
harvesting of 45: 91 sq. 
in disease and accidents 38: § 919, 

921. 
in mourning 38: § 831. 
Indian beliefs concerning 19: 472. 
influence of, on primitive thought 

19: 1089. 
instruction concerning 43: 55. 
kinds of, served at feast 37: 319. 
lore concerning 11: 517. 
made edible 30: 296. 
marriage token 38: § 887. 
mention of 11:140,232,279. 
method of .steaming 31: 405. 
modern staple 40: 339. 
new, introduced 27: 620. 
not eaten after dark 30: 184 .sg., 

295. 
of the Acoma Indians 14: 491; 

47: 33. 
of the California Indians 40: \0 sq. 
of the Columbia River tribes 14: 

uf the Creeks 42: 448. 

of the Flathead group 45: 341- 

349. 
of the he.ad chief 35: 275, 289. 
of the Menomini Indians 14: 273, 

286-292. 
of the Okanagan 45: 237-247. 
of the Plains tribes 46: 407 sg. 
of the Point Barrow Eskimo 9: 61 

sqq. 
of the poor people 35: 275, 488. 
of the Pueblo Indians 14: 506, 527, 

549, 559, 569, 586, 593. 



BONNEIUEA] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



387 



Food — Continued 

of the Siuoan Indians 15: 170. 
of the Tsimshian 31: 404 sq. 
of the Tusayan Indians 14: 4S0. 
of the Zuni 47: 474 sqq. 
offering at Tusayan 15:301. 
offerings of, at feast in Shell societv 

27: 537 sq. 
offerings of, in Ho°'he^aehi cere- 
mony 27: 500. 
offerings of, on graves 27: 592. 
offerings of, to katcinas 47: 853. 
offerings of, to masks 47: 87, 132, 

490 sq., 853 sq. 
offerings of, to scalps 47: 327 .57. 
offerings of, to spirits 47: 87, 122, 

125, 132. 
offerings of, to stillborn 47: 299. 
offerings of, to the dead 14: 239; 

47: 2. 
offerings of, to the spirits 37: 319. 
on increase of population 19: 1109 

sq. 
plants of aborigines, study of 40: 2. 
plants used as 38: p. 21.3-220; 

45: 453, 477-492. 
plants used as, by Chippewa 44: 

306-322. 
Ponca 27: 45, 309 sqq. 
preferential 40: 53. 
preparation of 27: 70 sq., 340 sqq.; 

31: 405; 37: 116 sqq. 
preparation of, by Point Barrow 

Eskimo 9: 63. 
presentation of, at Tusayan cere- 
mony 15: 295. 
preservation of 35: 223-304; 37: 

118; 45: 92-95, 240, 485, 492. 
process of jerking beef for 14: 1060. 
products, collection of 14: xxxix. 
property in 27: 363. 
provided by the initiate 36: 270. 
quantities of, consumed 46: 509. 
quest for 45: 151,342. 
regulations concerning 45: 102- 

163. 
remains of, in mortuary bowls at 

ruined pueblos on Little Colorado 

River 22, i: 101. 
restrictions, etc., with regard to the 

sexes 38: § 838. 
restrictions in general 30: 292-298, 

319 sqq., 348, 352; 38: § 270. 
rites for obtaining 27: 195. 



Food — Continued 

roots used for 45: SS sq. 
rose seeds used as 14: 978. 
sacrifices in Tusayan house building 

8: 101, 102. 
scarcity of, on w-ar party 42: 409, 

411." 
search, preparation and capture of 

animal 38: p. 174-212. 
seeds used as 45: 89.57. 
Seri, estimated quantities of 17: 

214* sq. 
Seri, method of dividing 17: 272* 

sq. 
songs relating to 45: 623-639. 
special, for ceremony 40: 525. 
storage of 42: 693. 
storage of, in caches 27: 98. 
supply of, in Acoma 14: 594. 
supply of Spanish army 14: 562. 
supply of Tiguex Indians 14: 595. 
taboos concerning 47: 502. 
taken home from feast 35: 370, 

435, 480, 514, 524, 542, 557. 
thunderberries used as 14: 996. 
time for taking 42: 399. 
use of pottery in preparation of, etc., 

eastern United States 20: 25 rtqq., 

39, 83. 
usually two courses, Tsimshian 31: 

406." 
used in ceremonial 11: 104. 
used in White Buffalo ceremony 40: 

215. 
varieties of 42: 691 .97. 
vegetable 31: 404; 45: SQ sq. 
wild turnips 27: 277. 
See also Agriculture; Domestic 

Pottery; Eating; Fish; Food (of 

the Omaha; Pima); etc.; Foods; 

Game; Hunting; Maize; Pem- 

mican; Poultry; Wheat; Wild 

Bice; and names of various ani- 
mals and plants. 
Food (of the Omaha) 
beans 3: 308. 
berries 3: 306. 
corn 3: 304. 

modes of cooking corn 3: 304. 
modes of cooking fruits 3: 306. 
modes of cooking meat 3: 303. 
modes of cooking melons 3: 306. 
modes of cooking nuts 3: 307. 



388 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



Food (of the Omaha) — Continued 
modes of cooking pumpkins 3 : 306. 
modes of cooking roots 3: 307. 
Nelumbium luteum 3: 308. 
varieties of, description of 3: 303- 
310. 
Food (of the Pima) 
animals 26: 80-84. 
general description of 26: 66 sqq. 
plants used as 26: 68-80. 
jireparation of 26: 68 sq. 
Food and Drink 

games, preparation of 23: 368. 
of the Zuni 23: 361-369. 
Food Animals, table of bones of 41: 

5.55. 
Food Bowls 

description of 34: 237. 
Sec also Bowls. 
Food Dance, Kwakiutl 35:1000. 
Food Department, remains of 41: 

544. 
Food-gathering, seasons for, Tsim- 

shian 31: 308 xg. 
Food Mats, &vakiutl 35: 307, 311, 
312, 318, 321, 326, 328, 331, 334, 
337, 344, 349, 356, 357, 359, 362, 
363, 369, 371, 379, 385, 391, 392, 
399, 425, 515. 
Food Plants, Sacred 39: 129. 
Food Remains in mortuary vessels 

17: 741. 
Food Supply 

effect on Eskimo temperament of 

18: 298. 
influence of, on development of 

potter's art 20: 22 sq., 150. 
influence of, on distribution of pot- 
tery 20: 23. 
of Western Eskimo, abundance of 
18: 24. 
Food Taboos 44: 2.54. 
Food Tray, Tsinishian, made of hol- 
lowed wood block 31: 49. 
Foods 

given to civilization by the Indians 

21: XX. 
native, worthy of adoption 23: 

xxvm. 
specimens of, Zuni 2: 372. 
used during Navaho medicine cere- 
monial 2: 256, 257. 
value of study of Indian 41: 105. 
See also Food. 



Fool, signs for 1 : 297, 303, 345, 505, 

506. 
Fool Creek Canyon, Utah, picto- 
graphs in 4: 27, 229; 10: 117. 
Fool Dance 35: 1374. 
Fool Dancers 35: 1158 sg. 
Foose-hat-che Tus-tun-nug-gee, 
warrior of the Creek nation 42: 
328. 
Foot 

of baskets, method of making 41: 

191 sqq. 
Serian and Yuman names for 17: 
328* sqq. 
FootbaU 

game of the Eskimo 11: 255; 18: 

335 sq. 
game of the Winneliago 37: 121. 
game similar to 42: 46S. 
general description of 24: 561, 697 

sq. 
played by the 24: 
Achomawi 698, 703. 
Catawba 698, 704. 
Chukchansi 698, 702. 
Eskimo 698. 
Eskimo, Central 701. 
Eskimo, Ita 701. 
Eskimo, Koksoagmiut 700 sq. 
Eskimo, Labrador 699 sq. 
Eskimo, Western 701. 
Massachuset 697, 698. 
Micmac 698. 
Mono 698, 704. 
Narraganset 697, 699. 
Nishinam 698, 703. 
Paiute 698, 704. 
Powhatan 697, 699. 
Skokomish 698, 703. 
Topinagugim 698, 702 sq. 
Washo 698, 704. 
Wyandot 698, 702. 
Foot-cast Ball 

description of 24: .561, 711. 
played by the 24: 
.\pache 712. 
Chukchansi 711. 
Foot-holes, access to cliff houses by 
means of 16: 1.32, 134, 142, 
148, 158. 
Foot Race 

arrangements for 32: 496. 
between Seneca and Stone Coat 32: 
439. 



bonnerjea] 



SUBJECT INDEX 



Foot Race — Continued 
challenge to 32: 233. 
heads wagered on 32: 351, 585. 
preparation for 32: 323. 
won by dog dres.'fed as man 32: 
233. 
Foot Races 

appearance of Matia in 21: 104. 

Eskimo 46: 366. 

in Hopi festivals 21:53. 

on the Yukon 46: 45, 51, 56, 60, 

64, 65, 67, 69, 70, 71, 78, 79, 86. 
popularity of 46: 566. 
See also Foot Race; Wawac. 
Foot Racing 

among various tribes 14: 246. 
in Menomini myth 14: 191. 
ordeal for Carib captain 38: § 748. 
sports 38: § 591. 
Foote, — , on Presbyterian missionary 
work among the Cherokee 19: 
83. 
Footprints 

curse directed at maker of 30: 128. 
explanation of use of word in songs 

39: 196. 
human, representations of, on Pueblo 

pottery 22, i: 70, 71. 
in pictography 14: 109. 
spirit in 30: 152. 
spirit, markings ascribed to 30: 

236. 
string figure of 38: § 696, 697. 
Footprints of Black Bear, a war 

symbol 36: 76. 
Footstep Wi'-gi-e 39:80; 43: .37. 
Footwear of the Eskimo 18: 40. 
Forbes, John, treaty with Cherokee 

made by 19: 144. 
Forbes, Peres, cited on Massachusetts 

Indian policy 18: 607. 
Forbes, R. H., field work by 22, i: 

XII. 

Forbin, V. 46: 368. 
Force, M. F. 

on distribution of Indians 5: 59. 
on mound-builders 12: 600, 693, 
704. 
Force's Historical Tracts, on New 

England pots 20: 179. 
Ford, Lieut. George E. ( U. S. A.), 

on cabin burial 1: 123. 
Ford's Ferry, trail crossing Ohio 
River at 42: 806. 



Forehead 

Eskimo 46: 358. 

of death's-head vases, perforated 

knob on 20: 98. 
Western Eskimo 46: 240,241,251. 
Yukon Indians and Eskimo 46: 
161. 
Forehead Band, Guiana Indian 38: 

§530. 
Foreign Correspondents, on sign 

language 1 : 407. 
Foreign Policy toward Indians 18: 

538-561. 
Foreman, Dr. E. 

on burial urns 1: 138. 
on cremation 1: 149. 
Foreman, Grant, collection presented 

by 43: 18. 
Forest, Petrified. iS'ee Petrified For- 
est. 
Forest Fire 

at Anvik 46: 59. 
near Ruby 46: 48, 49. 
Forest Service, permits granted by 

27: 11. 
Forest Spirits. <See Bush Spirits. 
Forge of the Navaho silversmith 2: 

172. 
Forked Sticks, string figures of 38: 

§653. 
Forks-of-the-River Men, an Arapaho 

division 14: 956. 
Forlong, J. G. R. 

cited on sacred cords 9: 564, 565, 

578. 
quoted on manna 9: 517. 
quoted on sacred cakes 9: 518, 544. 
Form 

classification of ware from Pueblo 

ruins by 22, i: 61-69. 
evolved in pottery from basketry 

4: 497. 
in Mississippi Valley pottery 4: 373. 
in pottery, origin of 4: 269, 445- 

453. 
in textUe art and its relation to orna- 
ment, with illustrations from In- 
dian work 6: 196-201. 
modifies ornament in pottery 4: 

458. 
of pottery modified by certain in- 
fluences 4: 450 sqq. 
of vessels, origin of 20: 49. 



390 



GENERAL INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORTS 



IeTH. ANN. 



Form — Continued 

pleasures of 19: lx-lxiii, lxxiv, 

LXXVII. 

See also Forms. 
Formation of Iroquois Turtle Clan, 

myth concerning 2: 77. 
Formia Clavata, as counterirritant 

38: § 926. 
Formosa, vdld rice in 19: 1037. 
Forms 

eastern United States pottery 20: 

cooking vessels 25, 27. 

mention of 61 sqq. 

methods of giving 49 sqq. 

modeUng implements 35 sq. 

mortuary vessels 40 sqq. 

ornaments 42. 

pipes 45. 

salt-making vessels 20. 
Florida Peninsula pottery 20: 118, 

119, 121, 124, 127. 
Gulf Coast pottery 20: 105, 108, 

111, 112. 
Iroquoian pipes 20: 174 sq. 
Iroquoian pottery 20: 160 sq., 162, 

163. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pipes 20: 

150, 151, 156, 158. 
Middle Atlantic Coast pottery 20: 

145, 148, 149 sq., 151, 153, 165. 
Middle Mississippi Valley pottery 
20: 

bottles 93. 

eccentric and compound 93 sq. 

life 94-97. 

mention of 83, 85 sq., 87. 

pipes 98, 99. 

platters, cups and bowls 88. 
New Jersey-New England pottery 

20: 175, 176. 
Northwestern pottery 20:187,192, 

196, 199, 200. 
Ohio VaUey pottery 20: 184 sq. 
production of 20: xxxvi-xxxix. 
South Appalachian pipes 20: 140 

sq. 
South Appalachian pottery 20: 131, 

132, 138, 140. 
Southern and Northern pottery 20: 

145, 187. 
See also Bases; Form; Shaping. 
Forms, Geometric. See Geometric 

Forms. 



Forms of Baskets 

mention of 41: 197-210. 
See also Shapes of Baskets. 
Formulas 

magical use of 42: 503. 

used in medical practice 42: 623, 

639 sq., 641 sq., 642 sq., 646, 647 

■■sq., 652 sq., 656. 
Fornander, — , cited on Hawaiian 

mon.sters 16: 214. 
Fornication among the Omaha 3: 

365. 
Forrest, H. B., killed at Wounded 

Knee 14: 872. 
Forstemann, Dr. E. 

citation from Die May