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Full text of "Annual report of the City Engineer"

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BOOK N** /6'9 

TWENTY-THIED ANNUAL EEPOET 



CITY ENGINEEE, 



YEAR 1889. 



,>^™^^ 




BOSTON: 
ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS. 



[Document 39 — 1890.] 

CITY OF |.,:;.A BOSTON. 



TAYENTY-THIED ANNUAL REPORT 



CITY ENGINEER 



FOR THE YEAR 1889. 



Office of the City Engineer, City Hall, 

Boston, Jan. 15, 1890. 
To the Honorable City Council : — 

In compliance with the seventh section of the ordinance 
relating to the Engineer's Department, the following report 
of the expenses and operations of the department for the 
year 1889 is respectfully suljmitted : — 

The duties of the City Engineer may be classified under 
the following heads : — 

A. — Those pertaining to the City Engineer's Department 
proper, which consist in examination and supervision of 
structural repairs of bridges ; in designing and superintend- 
ing the construction of new Ijridges, retaining- walls, city 
wharves, etc., and in miscellaneous engineering work called 
for by the City Council. (City Engineer's Department.) 

B. — Superintendence of the Sudbury-river, Cochituate, 
and Mystic Water-Works, including charge of new construc- 
tions for these works. (Water- Works.) 

C. — Charge of the construction of a S3^stem of inter- 
cepting and outlet sewers. (Improved Sewerage, or Main 
Drainage.) 

D. — Charge of the engineering work in connection with 
the Back-Bay and other proposed parks. (Parks.) 



2 City Document No. 39. 

The expenses incurred under the head C are paid wholly 
from a special appropriation. 

A.— CITY ENGINEER'S DEPAETMENT. 

The following is a statement of engineering expenses from 
January 1, 1889, to January 1, 1890 : — 

Amount expended from department appropria- 
tion for 1888-89 $10,203 64 

Amount expended from department appropria- 
tion for 1889-90 25,407 22 



Total $35,610 86 

Condition of department appropriation : — 

Amount of appropriation for financial year 

1889-90 $35,000 00 

Amount expended to January 1, 1890 . . 25,407 22 



Unexpended balance, January 1, 1890 . $9,592 78 



Classification of Expenses. 

Salaries of City Engineer, assistants, draughts- 
men, transitmen, levellers, rodmen, etc. 

Engineering instruments and repairs of same . 

Drawing-paper, and all materials for making 
plans ....... 

Stationery, printing-stock, note-books, post- 
age, etc. ....... 

Reference library, binding books, and photo- 
graphs of works ..... 

Printing ....... 

Travelling expenses (including horse-keeping, 
repairs on vehicle, etc.) .... 

Telephone service ..... 

Furniture cases for plans and books, etc. 

Blue-process printing ..... 

Incidental expenses, and all other small sup- 
plies ....... 

Total 

The number of persons employed and paid from the de- 
partment appropriation was, on the 1st of January, 1889, 
21 ; the present number (including the City Engineer) is 20. 



$32,152 

478 


12 
15 


327 


35 


293 


56 


622 
193 


59 
60 


587 
126 
419 
118 


64 
00 
00 

48 


292 


37 


$35,610 86 



Eeport or City Engineer. 3 

The operations of the department for the year, together with 
such general information relating to the various works and 
structures, finished and in progress, as is thought to be of 
interest, are given in the following statements : — 

BRIDGES. 

In accordance with Section 5, Chapter 18, of the Revised 
Ordinances, the estimates of cost of repairs submitted by the 
Superintendent of Bridges has been revised and reported 
upon, and structural repairs required have been ordered and 
supervised. 

As required by Section 4 of the above, examinations have 
been made of all highway bridges within the city limits, and 
the usual routine work of superintending the repairs made 
by the Bridge Department upon those in its charge has been 
done. 

List of Bridges Inspected. 

Five bridges have been added to the list this year, 
namel}" : — 

Bolton-street Bridge, over N. Y. & N. E. Railroad; By- 
ron-street Bridge, over Boston, Revere Beach, & Lynn Rail- 
road ; Cottage-street Foot-bridge, over flats, East Boston ; 
Leyden-street Bridge, over Boston, Revere Beach, & Lynn 
Railroad on Breed's Island; and Harvard Bridge, over 
Charles river. 

In the list, those signed with an asterisk are over navigable 
waters, and are each provided with a draw. 

I. — Bridges wholly supported by Boston. 

Agassiz road, in Back Bay Fens. 

Ashland street. Ward 23, over Boston & Providence 
Railroad. 

Athens street, over New York & New England Railroad. 

Beacon Entrance, Back Bay Fens, over Boston & Albany 
Railroad. 

Beacon street, over outlet to Back Bay Fens. 

Beacon street, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

Berkeley street, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

Berkeley street, over Boston & Providence Railroad. 

Blakemore street, over Boston & Providence Railroad, 
Ward 23. 

Bolton street, over New York & New England Railroad. 

Boylston street, in Back Bay Fens. 

Boylston street, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

*Broadway, over Fort Point Channel. 



4 City Document No. 39. 

Broadway, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 
Brooldine avenue, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 
Byron street, over Boston, Revere Beach, & Lynn Rail- 
road. 

*Cliarles river, from Boston to Charlestown. 
*Clielsea (south), over South Channel, Mystic river. 
*Chelsea street, from East Boston to Chelsea. 
Columbus avenue, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

* Commercial point, or Tenean, Ward 24. 
Commonwealth avenue, in Back Bay Fens. 
*CongTess street, over Fort Point Channel. 
Cottage-street foot-bridge, over Flats, East Boston. 
Dartmouth street, over Boston & Albany and Boston & 

Providence Railroads. 

*Dover street, over Fort Point Channel. 

*Federal street, over Fort Point Channel. 

Ferdinand street, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

Franklin-street foot-bridge , over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

Huntington avenue, over Boston & All^any Railroad. 

Ley den street, over Boston, Revere Beach, & Lynn Rail- 
road. 

Linden Park street, over Stony brook. 

*Malden, from Charlestown to Everett. 

*Meridian street, from East Boston to Chelsea. 

*Mt. Washington avenue, over Fort Point Channel. 

Neptune road, over Boston, Revere Beach, & Lynn Rail- 
road. 

Newton street, over Boston & Providence Railroad. 

Public Garden foot-l)ridge. 

Shawmut avenue, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

Swett street, east of New York & New England Railroad. 

Swett street, west of New York & New England Railroad. 

* Warren, from Boston to Charlestown. 

West Chester Park, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 
West Chester Park, over Boston & Providence Railroad. 
West Rutland square foot-bridge, over Boston & Provi- 
dence Railroad. 

Winthrop, from Breed's Island to Winthrop. 

II. — Bridges of which Boston supports the Part 
WITHIN its Limits. 

* Cambridge street, from Brighton to Cambridge. 
Central avenue, from Ward 24 to Milton. 

* Chelsea (north), from Charlestown to Chelsea. 
*Essex street, from Ward 25 (Brooldine) to Cambridge. 
*Granite, from Dorchester, Ward 24, to Milton. 



Report of City Engineer. 5 

Longwood avenue, from Ward 22 to Brookline. 

Mattapan, from Ward 24 to Milton. 

Milton, from Ward 24 to INIilton. 

*Neponset, from Ward 24 to Quincy. 

*Noi"th Beacon street, from Brighton to Watertown. 

*Noi'tli Han-ard street, from Brighton to Cambridge. 

Spring street, from West Eoxbury to Dedham. 

* Western avenue, from Brighton to Cambridge. 

* Western avenue, from Brighton to Watertown. 

in. — Bridges of a\tiich Boston pays a Part of the 
Cost of Maintenance. 

Albany street, over Boston & Albany Railroad. 
*Canal, from Boston to Cambridge. 
Dorchester street, over Old Colony Railroad. 
*Harvard, from Boston to Cambridge. 
*Prison Point, from Charlestown to Cambridge. 
*West Boston, from Boston to Cambridge. 

IV. — Bridges supported by Railroad Corporations. 

1st. — Boston (& Albany Railroad. 

Commonwealth avenue, Brighton. 
Harrison avenue. 
Market street, Brighton. 
Tremont street. 
Washington street. 

2d. — Boston & Maine Railroad, Western Division. 

Mystic avenue. 
Main street. 

3d. — Boston <& Maine Railroad, Eastern Division. 

Mystic avenue. 
Main street. 

4th. — Boston, Revere Beach, & Lynn Railroad. 
Everett street. 

5th. — JSTew Yorh & New England Railroad. 

Broadway. 

Dorchester avenue. \ 

Fifth street. 

Forest Hills avenue. Ward 24. 



6 City Document No. 39. 

Fourth street. 

Harvard street, Ward 24. 

Norfolk " " " 

Norfolk " " " 

Second street. 

Silver street. 

Sixth street. 

Third street. 

Washington street, Ward 24. 

6th. — Old Colony Railroad. 

Adams street. 

Ashmont street and Dorchester avenue. 

Cedar Grove Cemetery. 

Commercial street. 

Savin Hill avenue. 

7th. — Old Colony Railroad, Providence Division. 

Beech street, Ward 23. 

Bellevue street. Ward 23. 

Canterbury street, Ward 23. 

Centre street, or Hog Bridge, Ward 23. 

Centre and Mt. Vernon streets. Ward 23. 

Dudley avenue, Ward 23. 

Park street. Ward 23 

EeC APITUL ATION . 

I. Number wholly supported by Boston . . .46 

n. Number of which Boston supports the part within 

its limits ....... 14 

HI. Number of which Boston pays a part of the cost 

of maintenance ...... 6 

IV. Number supported by railroad corporations : — 

1 . Boston & Albany ...... 5 

2. Boston & Maine, Western Division ... 2 

3. " " Eastern Division ... 2 

4. Boston, Eevere Beach, & Lynn .... 1 

5. New York & New England .... 13 

6. Old Colony 5 

7. " " Providence Division ... 7 

Total number 101 



Eepoet of City Engineer. 7 

I. — BRIDGES WHOLLY SUPPOETED BY^BOSTON. 
Agassiz-eoad Bridge in Back Bay Fens. 

This is a new bridge, built in 1887, of brick and stone 
masonry, and was opened to the public on Oct. 2, 1888. 
It is maintained by the Park Depai-tment, and is in good 
condition. 

Ashland-street Bridge (over Boston & Providence 
Railroad, Ward 23). 

The present structure is of iron, and was built in 1875. 
The iron-work and fences should be painted ; otherwise it is 
in good condition. 

Athens-street Bridge (over New York & New 
England Railroad) . 

This is an iron bridge, and'was built in 1874. 
It is very rusty ; it should be stripped, painted, and wood- 
work renewed. 

Beacon-entrance Bridge (in Back Bay Fens, over 
Boston & Albany Railroad). 

This is an iron bridge, and was built in 1881-82. 
It is maintained by the Park Department, and is in good 
condition. It has been painted. 

Beacon-street Bridge (over Outlet of Back Bay). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1880-81, and is in good 
condition. 

Beacon-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

This is an iron bridge; it was built in 1884-85, and was 
widened in 1887-88.^ 

It has been painted, and is in good condition. 

Beriveley-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

This is an iron Ijridge. It was l)uilt by the Boston Water 
Povrer Company, and was accepted by the city in 1869. 
/ Slight repairs have been made, but the bridge is on an 



8 CiTr DociBiENT No. 39. 

important cross street and is not fit for its place. Its construc- 
tion is too light, and it should be rebuilt with new al>utments. 

Berkeley-street Bridge (over Boston & Providence 
Eailroad) . 

This is an iron bridge. It was built by the Boston Water 
Power Company, and was accepted by the city in. 1869. 

It has been sheathed and other slight repairs made. It is in 
fair condition. 



Blakemore-street Bridge (over Boston & Providence 
Railroad). 

This is an iron bridge. It was built in 1881-82. 
It has been sheathed and painted, and the fences have been 
repaired. It is in good condition. 

BOLTON-STREET BrIDGE (OVER NeW YoRK & NeAV 

England Railroad). 
This is a new wooden bridge. (See page 22.) 

BOYLSTON-STREET BrIDGE (iN BaCK BaY FeNS). 

This is a stone masonry bridge, and it was built in 1881-83. 
It is maintained by the Park Department, and is in good 
condition. 

BOYLSTON-STREET BrIDGE (OVER BoSTON & AlBANY 

Railroad) . 

This is an iron bridge, and it was built in 1886-88. 

The iron- work above the floor has been painted. One of 
the truss-bars has been injured by being run into by an 
electric car. The iron-work under the floor should l^e painted 
at once. Painting this bridge above the floor cost $620.69, 
and it will cost as much or more to paint the work below 
the floor. 

* Broadway Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 

This is an iron bridge. It was built in 1869-71, and the 
draw and its foundation were rebuilt in 1874—75. 

The entire face of the draw-pier will soon need to be re- 
newed. During the past year it was repaired al)ove low tide 
level. The two 100-ft. spans and the two 50-ft. spans of 



Eepoet of City Engineer. 9 

this bridge arc of liglit construction and show great vibration 
with quick-moving loads, but the steep grades at the ends 
save the In-idge from the heaviest class of teaming. 

The tar concrete sidewalks on the tixed part of the bridge 
need repairs ; the spruce floor underneath has been laid 
twenty years, but it is apparently in good condition, except- 
ing at the edges and joints. 

Of the three varieties of asphaltic roadway pavement laid 
for experimental purposes last year, two have l)een taken 
away ; the third has been repaired and is still in use, although 
it is in an imperfect condition. That part of the bridge from 
Lehigh street to the O. C. R.R. has been painted. 



Beoadway Bridge (over Boston & Albany Railroad). 

This bridge is of iron, was built in 1880-81, and is in good 
condition. 

The iron-work is very rusty under the floor, notwithstand- 
ing it was stripped and painted two years ago, and the fences 
and all of the iron-work above the deck need painting. 

Brookline-a VENUE Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

This bridge is of iron, and was built in 1884. It is in 
good condition. 

Byron-street Bridge (over Boston, Revere Beach, & 
Lynn Railroad). 

This is a new wooden bridge. (See page 22.) 

* Charles-river Bridge (from Boston to 
Charlestowts^.) 

This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron draw. The 
original bridge was built in 1785-86, the present structure 
was built in 1854-55, and the draw was built in 1870. It is 
an old bridge, and is in poor condition. The paving is very 
poor, and from the construction of the bridge it cannot be 
maintained in good condition for any length of time. The 
best modern pavements are constructed with a substratum of 
cement concrete from six to eight inches thick, while this 
bridge and other similar bridges have for a substratum a layer 
of marsh mud one foot in thickness. The bridge is heavily 
loaded with mud, gravel, and paving, and it also has a 
tendency to sag towards the east ; this motion has increased 



10 City Document No. 39. 

recently, and it will be necessary to cross-l)race the bents of 
piles for a considerable portion of the bridge in order to keep 
it in place. 

The draw continues to work in a fairly satisfactory man- 
ner, the southerly draw-pier needs replanking, and the floor- 
timbers of the draw should be repaired next season. 

* Chelsea Bridge, South (over South Channel, Mystic 
Eiver) . 

This is a pile bridge with an iron draw. The original 
bridge was built in 1802-3, and the present structure in 
1876-77. 

A new under-floor of kyanized spruce has been laid on the 
greater part of the draw, and some smaller repairs made. 
The easterly draw-pier needs replanking ; otherwise the bridge 
is in good condition. 

* Chelsea-street Bridge (from East Boston 
TO Chelsea). 

This wooden pile bridge was originally built in 1834, and 
was rebuilt in 1848 ; the present structure was built in 1873, 
and the draw was built in 1868. 

This bridge is in bad condition and should be rebuilt. The 
limnoria, or small pile- worm, is quite active in this vicinity, 
and the draw foundation has been nearly destroyed by it. 
The draw itself is a narrow wooden structure (22 feet wide). 
It was built in 1868, and has been patched so much that if it 
is to be kept in use it will be necessary to take it aljout all 
down in order to renew the defective portions. A wooden 
draw of this class remains in good condition for about fifteen 
years, and after that time can be maintained only by expen- 
sive repairs. The part of the bridge between the draw and 
Chelsea was burned in 1887, and rebuilt in a temporary man- 
ner, and the draw is so low that it will be necessary to raise 
the o-rade of the whole brido;e when a new draw is liuilt. / 

. CoLmiBUS-A VENUE Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Eailroad) . 

This is an iron bridge, was originally built in 1865, and 
the present structure was built in 1876-77/ The under-floor 
of the roadway is not in good condition, and the bridge 
should be stripped of wood-work, the iron-work cleaned, care- 
fully examined , and painted ; new sidewalks should also be 
laid. 



Keport of City Engineer. 11 

The telegraph-pole guys remain attached to the bridge, as 
before reported. They should be removed. 

*COMMERCIAL-POINT, OR TeNEAN, BrIDGE (WaRD 24). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. It 
was originally built in 1833, and the present structure was 
built in 1875. It is in fair condition. 

C03IM0N^VEALTH-A VENUE BrIDGE (iN BaCK BaY FeNS) . 

This is an iron bridge, and it was built in 1881-82. It is 
in good condition. 

^ *Congress-street Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron turn-table draw 
on a stone masonry foundation. It was built in 1874—75. 

On October 9 the draw was temporarily disabled by the 
breaking of a 3-inch bolt, one of eight by which the draw is 
suspended. The broken bolt caused other damage, which 
was so serious as to require the draw to be thrown out of use 
for two days, during which time repairs were made. 

The machinery for moving the draw requires repairs ; the 
fender-guards are in bad condition, and the floor of the fixed 
part of the bridge will require patching. 

No repairs of importance have been made during the sea- 
son excepting those caused by the broken bolt, before men- 
tioned. 

* Cottage-street Foot-bridge (over Flats, East 
Boston) . 

This is a new wooden pile bridge. (See page 23.) 

Dartmouth-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany and 
Boston & Providence Kailroads). 

-This is an iron bridge ; it was originally built in 1869, and 
the present structure was built in 1878-79. 

It has been repaired by laying a new urider-floor of kyan- 
ized spruce 4 inches thick, and by painting the iron stringers 
under the roadway. It is in good condition. 

-*Dover-street Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a double iron draw ; it 
was originally built in 1805, was rebuilt in 1858-59, and 
the present structure was built in 1876. 



12 City Document No. 39. 

The work upon the sides of the water-way, begun in 1888, 
has not been completed. It should be done at once. The 
sidewalks are in poor condition, and the draws require 
new under-floors, and some work must be done to the floor 
of the fixed part of the bridge. The draws have been 
painted. Only ordinary repairs have been made. 



*Federal-street Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a double wooden draw ; 
it was originally built in 1827-28 ; was rebuilt in 1857-58, 
and the present structure was built in 1872-73. 

This bridge is in bad condition. A special report was 
made in 1888 (Appendix B, Doc. 117, 1888), and the recom- 
mendation then made that it be rebuilt. Extensive repairs 
were made to the draws ihis year, throwing them out of use 
(one at a time) for a ' considerable time, and causing much 
complaint. It will soon be necessary to make even more 
extensive repairs if the bridge is not rebuilt, and it may even 
be found necessary to close it to travel. Practically, the 
bridge must either be rebuilt, or it should be closed to travel. 



Ferdinant)-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

This is an iron bridge. It was built in 1864-65, and was 
strengthened in 1877. 

It has two iron trusses of an unusual construction. They 
are weak, and the bridge was strengthened by adding 
to it an iron truss removed from the Columbus-avenue 
bridge, when that was rebuilt. The additional truss was 
placed in the middle of the roadway, dividing it into two 
narrow passages. The floor-beams are light 6-inch iron 
I beams encased in wood, and have never been uncovered for 
examination. The sidewalk trusses are of wood, and in fair 
condition. 

The northerly approach to the bridge has two deck spans 
carried on iron posts, and rolled I beams braced with wood. 
There is a wooden bullvhead across the street, and the side 
of the street for some distance is supported by a continuation 
of this bulkhead. 

The bridge is in a dangerous condition, and it should be 
rebuilt. 



Report of City Engineer. 13 



, Franklin-street Foot-bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

Thiais an iron brido-e, and was built in 1883. It has been 
painted ; the wooden steps are worn, and will soon need re- 
newal ; otherwise it is in good condition. 

Huntington-avenlt] Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

This is an iron bridge. It was built in 1872, and the 
abutments were rebuilt in 1876-77. 

The roadways have been sheathed. The water-pipes have 
been laid under the sidewalk and between the iron girders, 
instead of on the top of the sidewalk, as before. The bridge 
is in good condition. 

Leyden-street Bridge (oater Boston, Revere Beach, & 
Lynn Railroad) . 

This is a new iron bridge. (See page 23.) 

^ Linden Park-street Bridge (over Stony Brook) . 

This is a wooden truss bridge, built in 1886. It has been 
sheathed and painted, and is in good condition. 

-^*Malden Bridge (from Charlestoavtst to Everett) . 

The original bridge was built in 1787. The present struc- 
ture was Imilt in 1875, and the draw was built in 1872. It 
is a pile bridge with a wooden turn-table draw on a pile 
foundation. The draw has been repaired and put in safe con- 
dition ; the draw and fences have been painted. The draw 
is so old that it can be kept in use but a short time longer. 
The draw-piers are also old, but are in fair condition. The 
fixed part of the bridge is in fair condition. 

*Meridian-street Bridge (from East Boston to 
Chelsea). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden turn-table 
draw on a pile foundation. The original structure was built 
in 1856. It was rel)uilt soon afterwards ; it was widened 
and rebuilt as at present in 1884, excepting the draw, which 
was built in 1875-76. 

A new upper and under track and new wheels have been 
furnished for the draw, and a number of the angle-blocks 



14 City Document No. 39. 

renewed in the main trusses. The draw is old, and will 
require further repairs during the coming year. The fixed 
part of the bridge is in good condition. 

*Mt. Washington- a venue Bridge (over Fort Point 
Channel) . 

This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron draw. It was 
built in 1854, and was rebuilt in 1870-71. 

The draw has been painted. The sidewalks on the fixed 
part of the bridge are in poor condition. The draw needs 
raising on its centre in order to relieve the wheels from ex- 
cessive weight. With these exceptions the bridge is in good 
condition. 

Neptune-road Bridge (over Revere Beach & Lynn 
Railroad in East Boston). 

This is an iron bridge, and it was built in 1887-88. 
It is maintained by the Park Department, and is in good 
condition. 

Newton-street Bridge (over Boston & Providence 
Railroad) . 

This is an iron bridge, and was built in 1872. 

It is in fair condition. It should be stripped of wood- 
work, so as to allow of a careful examination of the iron- 
work. The under-floor was laid in 1878. 

Public Garden Foot-bridge. 

This is an iron bridge. It was built in 1867, and was 
thoroughly repaired in 1887. 
It is in o-ood condition. 



Sha^ymut-a venue Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad). 

This is an iron bridge, and it was built in 1871. 

This bridge has been stripped of wood-work, with the 
exception of the westerly sidewalk, which was nearly all 
renewed in 1888. The iron-work was cleaned and painted. 
The span over the main tracks is considerably wasted by 
corrosion ; some of the cross-braces, which are the smallest of 
the pieces of iron exposed on all sides, are entirely gone, but 
enough of them remain for safety. This span is safe for the 
present, and may last five years longer. The remaining span, 



Eeport of City Engineer. 15 

over the tracks used for the storage of passenger cars, is in 
good condition. The lower floor of the whole bridge was 
relaid with kyanized spruce, and one sidewalk was newly 
concreted. 



SWETT-STREET BRIDGES (OVER SoUTH BaY SlUICES) . 

These are wooden bridges, and were built in 1875. 

The easterly bridge will need sheathing next season ; the 
westerly bridge has been put in good order. The abutments 
of both of these bridges are spruce pile bulkheads, and are 
m bad condition, and it will be necessary to make extensive 
repairs on them. The railings of both bridges have been 
painted. 

*Warren Bridge (from Boston to Charlestown). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron draw ; it was 
originally built in 1828, and the present structure was built 
in 1883-84. ^ 

But few re'pairs were required during the past year, and 
the bridge is in good order. Two new water-pipe siphons 
have been laid across the channel, and a 16-in. and a 30-in. 
water-pipe have been laid across the bridge under the 
westerly sidewalk, excepting for a short distance near the 
Boston end, where they are laid under the roadway. 

West Chester Park Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Eailroad) . 

This is an iron In-idge, and was built in 1876. 

It has been stripped of its wood-work, has been painted, 
and the wood-work renewed. The objectionable curve in 
the profile of the bridge has not been changed. It is in 
good condition. 

West Chester Park Bridge (over Boston & Provi- 
dence Railroad). 

This is an iron bridge, and it was built in 1876. 
Only the ordinary repairs have been required, and the 
bridge is in fair condition. 



West Rutland-square Foot-bridge (over Boston & 
Providence Railroad). 

This is an iron bridge ; it was 1:>uilt in 1882, and is in good 
condition. It has been painted. 



16 City Docujient No. 39. 



WiNTHROP Bridge (from Breed's Island to Winthrop). 

This is a pile bridge without a draw ; it was originally 
built in 1839, was rebuilt in 1851, and was extensively re- 
paired in 1870. 

It has been strengthened at a point where a pile was found 
to be almost eaten off by the limnoria. The fences have been 
repaired and the sheathing patched. The bridge is old and 
poor, and will last but a few years longer. There seems to 
be no reason why nearly the entire length of it cannot be 
filled solid at a moderate expense, and without damage to 
any other interests. 



II. — BRIDGES OF WHICH BOSTON SUPPORTS 
THE PART WITHIN ITS LIMITS. 

*Cajmbridge-street Bridge (from Brighton to 
Caivibridge). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. 
It was rebuilt in 1884. It has been painted ; the draw-pier 
needs replanking ; otherwise the bridge is in good condition. 

The cal)les of the West End Street Railway Company, for 
carrying the power from their Allston power-station to Cam- 
bridge, cross this bridge, and a small cable-house has been 
built on the draw-pier. 

Central-avenue Bridge (over Neponset River, Dor- 
chester Lower Mills). 

This is an iron bridge, and was built in 1876. 

The sidewalks are poor, and the under-floor is in poor 
condition. The bridge should he stripped, the wood-work 
renewed throughout, and the iron-work painted. The iron- 
work, being over fresh- water, is in good condition. 

*Chelsea Bridge, North (from Mystic-river Corpora- 
tion Wharf to Chelsea). 

The original structure was built in 1802-3 ; the present 
structure was built in 1880, except the draw, which was built 
in 1873. 

The draw is old and in poor condition, and will require 
extensive repairs. The bridge near the draw will also re- 
quire some repairs ; but for most of its length it is in good 
condition. 



REroRT OF City Engineer. 17 

*ESSEX-STREET BrIDGE (fROM BRIGHTON TO CAMBRIDGE ) . 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw, 
and was originally built in 1850. 

Only slight repairs have been made ; the widening of 
Commonwealth avenue and the widening of the water-ways, 
as required by the Legislature, would seem to be sufficient 
reasons for the construction of a new bridge in place of the 
present one, especially as it is old and poor. 

*Granite Bridge (from Ward 24 to Milton) . 

This bridge was originally built in 1837. It is a wooden 
pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. 

The water-way has been widened from 31 feet to 36 feet, 
in the clear. The draw is a new one, of the same type as 
the former one ; namely, a wooden leaf or lifting draw, raised 
by hand-power. The cut for widening was made on the 
Boston side of the bridge, and no work was done except such 
as was required to carry out the order of the Legislature 
under which it was done ; namely, to widen the passageway 
for vessels to 36 feet. The work was done by the city of 
Boston, the town of Milton paying two-thirds the cost. A 
contract was made with Mr. George H. Cavanagh for the 
whole work for $3,975. Foi-ty-nine oak piles, in good con- 
dition, drawn up from Neponset bridge, and which were too 
short for use in that bridge, were used here, thus reducing 
the cost to the city of Boston by $300. The total cost of the 
work to the city of Boston, including inspection, was 
$1,085.08. 

Longwood-a VENUE Bridge (from Ward 22 to 
Brookline). 

The present structure was built in 1877. This is a wooden 
bridge on wooden posts set in the ground. 

It is in fair condition. The portion maintained by Boston, 
being at the foot of a hill, is usually in bad condition, on ac- 
count of the mud and dirt washed upon it by rains. 

Mattapan Bridge (from Ward 24 to Milton). 

This is an iron bridge, and is in bad condition ; the abut- 
ments and centre pier are very poor ; the iron-work is too 
light, and is very rusty. The wood-work is very old and 
poor, and the bridge is below the grade of its approaches. 

It is a small bridge of two short spans, and its safety is 
only assured by a few large sticks of timber under the road- 



18 City Document No. 39. 

way, which were put in a few years ago. One-half of the 
bridge is maintained by the town of Milton. The bridge 
should be rebuilt at once. 



Milton Bridge (from Ward 24 to Milton) . 

The original structure is very old ; it was widened in 
1871-72. The older part of this bridge was built of stone, 
and the widening is an iron structure on stone columns. No 
repairs of consequence have been made during the past 
season. It should be thoroughly overhauled and repaired 
this season. The stone-work of the old part of the bridge 
is in poor condition. 

*Neponset Bridge (from Ward 24 to Quincy). 

The original structure was built in 1802 ; the present 
structure in 1877. This bridge is a wooden pile bridge with 
an iron leaf draw ; both leaves of the draw are maintained 
by Boston. The passageway for vessels has been widened 
from 31 feet to 36 feet. The leaves of the old draw were 
each lengthened 2 feet, new foundation piles and timber 
were provided, and the bridge presents the same general 
appearance as formerly. The work was done by contract by 
John N. Hayes & Co., and the total cost, including inspec- 
tion, was $6,912.33. The fixed part of the bridge was not 
changed, and the piers remain as before, excepting the 
parts renewed and replaced at the time of widening. The 
bridge is in good condition. 

*NoRTH Beacon-street Bridge (from Brighton to 
Watertoavt^) . 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. 
The original structure was built in 1822, and the present 
structure in 1884. 

The roadway has been sheathed. The bridge is in good 
condition. 

*NoRTH Harvard-street Bridge (from Brighton to 
Cambridge) . 

This bridge was originally built in 1662, and was rebuilt 
in 1879. 

It has been painted. The abutment maintained by Boston 
is in poor condition ; the draw-pier is in poor condition, and 
is placed at such an angle as to obstruct the use of the 



Report of City Engineer. 19 

present width of the draw. When the water-way is widened 
it will be necessary to rebuild the pier. 

Spring-street Bridge (from Ward 23 to Dediiam). 
This is a stone bridge, and it is in good condition. 

*Western-avenue Bridge (from Brighton to 
Cambridge). 

The original structure was built in 1824 ; the present 
structure was built in 1879-80. 

It has been painted, and is in good condition. 

*Western-a VENUE Bridge (from Brighton to 
Watertown) . 

This is a wooden pile bridge. It was built in 1824, the 
present draw was built in 1883, and the abutment was re- 
built in 1886. 

The draw-pier has been repaired ; the bridge is in good 
condition. 



III. — BRIDGES OF WHICH BOSTON PAYS A PART 
OF THE COST OF MAINTENANCE. 

Albany-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany 
Railroad) . 

The original structure was built in 1856-57 ; was rebuilt 
in 1867-68, and again in 1886-87. 

It is an iron bridge ; it has been sheathed, and is in 
good condition. 

*Canal Bridge (from Boston to Cambridge). 

*Prison-point Bridge (from Charlesto^vn to 
Cambridge) . 

*West Boston Bridge (from Boston to Cambridge). 

These bridges are in the care of two commissioners, ap- 
pointed, one from Boston and one from Cambridge, and the 
expense of maintenance is borne equally l)y each city. The 
Boston Commissioner makes an annual report in print. (See 
City Doc. 20, 1890.) 



20 City Document No. 39. 

Canal bridge is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden turn- 
table draw. The bridge was originally built in 1808 ; was 
rebuilt in 1852, and again rebuilt and widened in 1874 ; 
some of the piles in this bridge date from 1808. It has 
been repaired by driving new piles, and by strengthening the 
sides of the water-way, and by adding new girder-caps to 
the piles at the Boston end. The draw and engine-house 
have been painted, and considerable paving has been done. 

The roadway is in poor condition ; the floor should be 
examined, and nearly the whole bridge repaved. The piling 
at both ends of the bridge (the central part was rebuilt in 
1874) is in poor condition, and repairs are needed upon it 
every year. The wooden draw is in fair condition, Imt is 
sixteen years old, and will consequently need constant 
repairs to keep it in use hereafter. 

Prison-point bridge was originally built in 1833, and the 
present structure was built in 1876-77. It is a wooden pile 
bridge with an iron leaf draw. 

The wood-work on the draw has been renewed, and the ma- 
chinery for hoisting it is in process of repair. The bridge is 
in fair condition. 

West Boston bridge was built in 1792-93, was rebuilt in 
1854, and repaired in 1871 ; the draw was rebuilt in 1875, 
and the down-stream sidewalk on the Camljridge side of the 
draw was rebuilt in 1886. It is a Avooden pile bridge with a 
wooden turn-talile draw. 

The piles under the main roadway have been strengthened 
by adding new girder-caps, and part of the roadway has been 
repaved. Repairs have also been made to the draw. It will 
be necessary to rebuild the up-stream sidewalk from the draw 
to Cambridge at an early day. 

As a whole the bridge is old, narrow, and poor. It is no 
wider than it was in 1854, and the travel over it has greatly 
changed and increased, and is now very large. The draw, 
built in 1875, has almost reached the limit of life for a wooden 
structure of its character. It will be necessary to rebuild the 
entire bridge before many years. 



Dorchester-street Bridge (over Old Colony 
Eailroad) . 

This is an iron In-idge ; it was built in 1869. 

The recommendation made last year is renewed. It is 
known to he in poor condition, and it should be stripped of 
wood- work to allow the condition of the iron-work to be more 
clearly ascertained than can be done otherwise. 



Report of City Engineer. 21 

*Harvard Bridge (froji Boston to Cambridge). 

This is still in the hands of the Commissioners, but is prac- 
tically completed. 

IV. — BRIDGES SUPPORTED BY RAILROADS. 

Tremont-street bridge, over the B. & A. R.R., is now be- 
ing rebuilt by the Boston & Albany Railroad Corporation, 
and the Washington-street bridge, over the same road, is to 
be rebuilt at once by the same corporation. The bridges 
over the Eastern and Western divisions of the Boston & Maine 
Railroad on Main street and Mystic avenue, Charlestown, 
are in poor condition. The two Norfolk-street bridges in 
Dorchester, over the N. Y. & N. E. R.R., need attention; 
the trusses are boxed in and their condition cannot be deter- 
mined, liut enough can be seen to show that they need ex- 
amination and adjustment. The walls of the South Boston 
cut on the same road, which also form the abutments of seve- 
ral bridges, are in poor condition. 

The other bridges given in the list of those supported by 
railroad corporations require no special mention. 

LIFE OF BRIDGES OVER RAILROADS. 

The preservation of iron-work exposed to the sulphurous 
gases contained in the smoke from locomotives is a problem 
which has not yet been satisfactorily solved. 

Linseed-oil paints do not form a perfect protection to the 
iron where there is much traffic under the bridge, especially 
where the distance from bridge to railroad tracks is but 
fifteen feet, as is the case with most of our bridges ; the gases 
in the smoke easily destroy these paints, and expose the 
iron to corrosion and rust. Of the oil paints yet used, red- 
lead, properly applied, has thus far given the best results. 

The painting of the iron-work under the flooring of a 
bridge is often inefficiently done, and is expensive and 
dangerous work to do. To thoroughly examine and paint 
the iron-work below the flooring of a bridge it is necessary 
to remove the floor planking, and unless the planking needs 
renewing, this is expensive and inconvenient. Untreated 
spiiice planking will need renewing at intervals of about four 
years, and it is hoped that some paint or coating for practical 
use will soon be discovered which will protect the iron for 
at least this time, so that the use of such paint at the time of 
laying the flooring will aflbrd protection to the iron until the 
floor is renewed. 



22 City Document No. 39. 

Until such paint is found, tlie yearly painting of iron- 
work exposed to engine-smoke should be continued, as being 
the best method of partial protection at hand. 



MISCELLANEOUS WORK AND CONSTRUCTION 

•IN 1889. 

BoLTON-STREET Bridge (over N. Y. & N. E. R.R.). 

This is a small wooden bridge, 28 feet clear span and 
20 feet wide, built over the South Boston cut of the New 
York & New England Railroad. It is a platform of hard- 
pine stringers covered with spruce plank, and was built by 
Joseph Shaw, from designs prepared by this department, at 
a cost of $850.14. By agreement with the railroad corpora- 
tion the City of Boston builds and maintains the bridge at a 
grade of 15 feet above the tracks, and agrees to become re- 
sponsible for all accidents of whatever nature, and to remove 
the bridge whenever required to do so by the railroad. 

^ Byron-street Bridge (over B., R. B., & L. R.R.). 

' At the request of the Superintendent of Streets, plans and 
specifications were prepared for this bridge, and a contract 
for building the same was entered into with Josiah Shaw, 
Aug. 13, 1889. 

This structure supersedes a narrow wooden bridge built 
by the railroad company at the time its road was constructed. 
The width of the bridge is 40 feet, divided into one 30-foot 
roadway and two 5-foot sidewalks. 

The total leng-th of the l)ridge is about 79 feet, and com- 
prises three spans, the middle span over the tracks being 
32 feet 8 inches from centre to centre of trestle bents, and 
the end spans, over the side slopes of the railroad cut, being 
about 20 feet and 25 feet span respectively. 

The end spans have seven lines of hard-pine beams, each 
beam being made up of two 7-inch x 14-inch sticks bolted 
together. The beams of the middle span are each made of 
two 6-inch X 12-inch sticks, trussed by a l|-inch diameter 
iron rod. The end supports for the bridge consist of timber 
bulkheads, and the two intermediate supports are trestle 
bents of hard-pine timber, resting on rul)ble-masonry walls, 
which are built high enough to hold the side slopes of the 
railroad cut. 

The roadway planking is of spruce, the under course 
being four inches thick and the upper or sheathing course 



Report of City Engineer. 23 

hoing two inches thick. The sidewalk is planked with 3-inch 
planed hard-pine. 

The stone w^alls before mentioned were not included in 
the original design, but were built by the railroad company, 
under an agreement with the contractor and the city, the 
work being supervised by this department. No settlement 
with the railroad company has yet been made. 

The cost of the bridge, not including un})aid claim of 
railroad company, was $3,593. 

COMMONWEALTII-A VENUE WIDENING. 

A contract was drawn for the filling of Commonwealth 
avenue an additional width of one hundred feet, from Beacon 
street to Cousens' wharf, the distance being about 3,600 feet. 
The ground to be covered by the widening has l)een cross- 
sectioned, and approximate estimates of the quantity of filling 
deposited have been made, from time to time, as requested 
by the Superintendent of Streets. Plans and specifications 
were prepared for two Ijulkheads across creeks, on the outer 
line of the widening, and their construction supervised. 
These bulkheads were respectively 230 feet and 620 feet 
long. They w^ere built by John T. Scully, at a cost of 
$3,875. 

CoTTAGE-STREET FOOT-BRIDGE. 

1^ This bridge is for foot travel only, and is built on the line 
of Cottage street. East Boston, from Maverick street across 
the flats to Prescott street, a distance of 3,546 feet. Its 
width is 12 feet. 

The bridge is built with spruce piles, stringer and plank, 
and hard-pine fence posts. The work was done by Josiah 
Shaw and Horace Sias, and cost $11,154.67. 

Granite Curbing, City Square. 

Plans and specifications for a granite curbing around a 
grass plot at City square, Chaiiestown, were made, and the 
work supervised. The curbing was furnished and set by John 
Turner & Co., at a cost of $588. 

L-street Bulkhead. 

Plans and specifications were made for a wooden bulkhead, 
which has been built on the line of L-street extension. South 
Boston. The work was done by Josiah Shaw, and cost 
$5,356.03. 



24 City Document No. 39. 

/Letden-street Bridge (over B.,E.B., & L. E.R.). 

The bridge was built by this department, in accordance 
with an order of the City Council, approved Jan. 26, 1889. 

The clear span at right angles to railroad tracks was fixed 
by the railroad company at 35 feet, and both abutments of 
the bridge are practically within the railroad location. 

The abutments are built of granite, with the exception of 
their foundation courses, which are made of cement concrete .^ 

The main walls of the abutments are of rul)ble masonry, 
laid in cement mortar ; the front of the walls showing quarry- 
faced, straight-split stones, in courses of nearly even rise. 
The bridge seats and parapets are rough pointed. The ex- 
treme length of each abutment is 139 feet. 

The superstructure is a thorough plate-girder bridge, with 
two main girders placed on outside lines of bridge, and 36 
feet apart on centres. These girders are 68 feet long over all, 
and 5 feet deep from out to out of flange angle-irons. Floor- 
beams are built iron girders, and the lateral s^^stem is made 
of angle-irons and rods. 

The bridge has one roadway 26 feet wide, and two side- 
walks, each 5 feet wide. 

The roadway and sidewalk stringers are of hard-pine, the 
under-floor of roadway is 4-inch thick spruce, and the upper 
course of plank is 2-inch spruce, planed to an even thickness 
and laid diagonally. The sidewalk plank is 2-inch white- 
pine, planed and jointed. 

The iron-work below floor level, including inside faces of 
main girders, is painted with two coats of "P. & B. paint." 

The contract for the abutments was awarded to Turnbull 
& Cheney, who afterward assigned the same to D. Henry 
Cram, by whom the work was completed. 

The superstructure was built by the King Iron Bridge & 
Manufacturing Company, of Cleveland, O., from plans fur- 
nished by this department. 

The total expenditure for the work by this department was 
$15,819.55. 



Walks in Common and Squares. 

The work of laying walks with Hastings' Compressed 
Asphalt Tiles, for the Department of Common and Public 
Grounds, has been supervised in three localities. The work 
was done by John Turner & Co., and the cost was as fol- 
lows : — 




1 


1 




l" ° ■ " " " ; 














i J 




• 1 


?- 
































1,^^^ 





_j^pv •»}fi/'T!j, 




CROSS SECTION OF BRIDGE 




City of Boston. 

Leyden Street Bridge 



BOSTON, REVERE BEACH AND LYNN RAILROAD. 



Report of City Engineer. 25 

Winthrop square, Charlestown . . . . $356 00 

Boston Common 5,700 00 

Belmont square. East Boston .... 1,300 00 

Other work of a miscellaneous character was principally 
as follows : — 

Plans and Specifications. 

For water-pipes on Huntington-ave. bridge. 
For Gold-st. foot-bridge. 
For sidewalk curb at New Court-house. 
For foundation for statue of Colonel Cass. 



Plans and Estimates. 

For retaining-wall on 30-foot street at Harvard bridge. 
For retaining-wall for East Boston ferries. 
For bulkhead on Bothnia street. 
For Gold-st. foot-brido;e. 



Estimates. 

For Northern avenue or Oliver-street bridge. 

For bridge over Reserved channel, on line of Congress and 
L streets. 

For retaining-wall and filling for extension of L street to 
Resei-ved channel. 

Reports were made to the Superintendent of Sewers on 
the condition of a retaining-wall at Dorchester-ave. bridge, 
over the N. Y. & N. E. R.R. ; and to the Superintendent of 
Common and Public Grounds, on the condition and merits of 
certain concrete foot-paths on Telegraph Hill, South Boston. 
The wall above referred to has since been rebuilt by the rail- 
road company at its own expense. 

A large amount of work of a miscellaneous character has 
also been done during the year. Under this head may be 
classed record-plans, maps for Water- Works and Park De- 
partment, copying, tracing, and blue-printing plans. 



26 City Document No. 39. 



B. — WATER WORKS. 

[FROM THE CITY ENGINEER'S REPORT TO THE BOSTON 
WATER BOARD.] 

Sources of Supply. 

The rainfall was above the average during the-'past"year, 
and was so evenly distributed that there has been an abun- 
dant supply of water at all times. 

The rainfall and quantities collected on the several water- 
sheds are as follows : — 



Sudbury. 


Cochituate. 


Mystic. 


Rainfall, inches, 49.95 


50.23 


50.395 


Rainfall collected, inches, 29.056 


27.95 


25.48 


Daily average yield, 






gallons, 104,030,000 


25,112,000 


32,601,000 



The quality of the water fi'om the Sudbury and Cochituate 
supplies has been good, and no trouble has been experienced 
fiom algse. 

The quality of the Mystic water appeared to be better than 
usual, probably owing to the large rainfall of the last two 
years. 

The fluctuations in the amount of storage in the different 
lakes and reservoirs are shown graphically by an appended 
diagram. The condition of the different reservoirs during 
the year is given below. 



SuDBURY-RlVER RESERVOIRS AND LaKE CoCHITUATE. 

Reservoir iVb. 1. — Water was wasting at the outlet dam 
during the whole year, with the exception of from May 10 
to 20, and June 13 to 16. The reason no water was wasted 
during these two periods was, that the flash-boards were placed 
on the dams. 

Reservoir JVb. 2. — This reservoir has been full the greater 
part of the year ; the lowest point reached being on Novem- 
ber 2, when the water stood at grade 159.38, or 6.51 feet 
below the crest of the dam. 



Report of City Engineer. 27 

Resei'voir JSTo. 3. — This reservoir has been full and over- 
flowing all the year, with the exception of nine days in 
September, of seven days in October, and of one day in 
November. The lowest point reached during the year was 
on September 30, when the surface of the water stood at 
grade 174.80, or 0.45 feet below the crest of the dam. 

Resei^oir iVo. 4. — This reservoir has been kept at or 
near high-water mark during the whole year. The lowest 
point reached being on May 15, when the surface of the 
water was at grade 214.37, or 0.84 feet below the top of the 
flash-boards. 

Farm Pond. — The surface of the pond has been kept at 
an average level of 149.44 feet above tide-marsh level. 

The conduit through the pond has been used during the 
whole year. No water was used from this pond during 
the year, on account of the fear that there might be dan- 
ger from the Framingham drainage. 

The Framingham Water Company has pumped 59,500,000 
gallons from the pond, or an average of 163,000 gallons per 
day. 

Lake Cochituate. — Water was wasting at the outlet dam 
during the greater part of January, February, and March ; 
also from May 23 to 26, June 3 to 6, and August 3 to 26. 

The water in the lake was drawn down about three and 
one-half feet in August, to allow work to be begun on the 
new outlet dam. 

A contract for the building of the dam was made with 
Thomas A. Rowe, on August 17. Work began immediately, 
and continued until December 23. The portion of the work 
below the original surface is so far completed that the dam 
can be easily finished next season, all the difiicult work being 
done. 

The heights of water in the various storage resei^voirs on 
the first day of each month are given on next page. 



28 



City Document No. 39. 





Reservoirs. 


Farm 
Pond. 


Lake 

COCHITU- 




No. 1. 


No. 2. 


No. 3. 


IVo. 4. 


ATK. 




Top 

of flash- 
boards, 
159.29. 


Top 
of flash 
boards, 
167.12. 


Crest of 
Dam, 
175.24 


Top 
of flash- 
boards, 
215.21 


High 
Water, 
149.25. 


Top 
of flash- 
boards, 
134.36. 


February 1, " 

March 1, " 

April 1, " 

Mayl, " 

June 1, " 

Julyl, " 

August 1, " 

September 1," 

October 1, " 

November 1," 

December 1, " 

January 1, 1890 


158.11 
158.07 
157.80 
157.90 
158.07 
159.52 
159.31 
159.38 
157.68 
157.84 
157.98 
158.48 
157.95 


166.26 
166.23 
166.02 
166.12 
166.23 
167.22 
163.40 
167.42 
166.43 
167.28 
159.52 
166.50 
166.14 


175.60 
175.51 
175.32 
175.48 
175.60 
175.47 
175.34 
175.75 
175.40 
174.84 
175.53 
175.90 
175.52 


214.62 
214.63 
214.44 
214.48 
214.59 
215.12 
214.91 
215.17 
215.02 
215.06 
214.52 
214.99 
214.56 


149.25 
149.56 
149.83 
149.24 
149.43 
149.41 
149.29 
149.66 
149.34 
149.53 
149.20 
149.76 
149.60 


130.71 
132.67 
132.31 
132.43 
133.61 
134.28 
133.11 
133.47 
130.78 
130.96 
131.43 
133.26 
132.77 



Water has been drawn from the different reservoirs in the 
Sudbury river to supply the city as follows : — 

Reservoirs JVb. 1 and No. 2. 
May 5 to May 17. 



Reservoir JSfo. 2. 



Jan. 14 to Jan. 18. 
April 26 to May 2. 
May 18 to Aug. 4. 
Aug. 6 to Aug. 11. 
Aug. 13 to Aug. 19. 



25. 

Aug. 29 to Sept. 2. 
Sept. 6 to Sept. 7. 
Dec. 24 to Dec. 30. 



Reservoirs JSTo 


. 2 and No. 3. 


Jan. 1 to Jan. 6. 


Nov. 9 to Nov. 11. 


Jan. 9 to Jan. 10. 


Nov. 15 to Nov. 18. 


Jan. 12 to Jan. 13. 


Nov. 22 to Nov. 25. 


Jan. 19 to April 25. 


Nov. 29 to Dec. 2. 


Sept. 8. 


Dec. 6 to Dec. 9. 


Oct. 18 to Oct. 21. 


Dec. 13 to Dec. 16. 


Oct. 25 to Oct. 28. 


Dec. 20 to Dec. 23. 


Nov. 1 to Nov. 2. 


Dec. 31. 



Report of City Engineer. 





Reservoir No. 3. 


Sept. 9. 

Sept. 12 to Sept. 
Sept. 20 to Sept. 
Sept. 28 to Sept. 


16. 
24. 
30. 


Oct. 2 to Oct. 7. 
Oct. 11 to Oct. 14. 
Nov. 3 to Nov. 5. 



Aqueducts and Distributing Reservoirs. 

The Sudbmy-river aqueduct has been in use during the 
whole or portions of 302 days, and the Cochituate aqueduct 
has been used 361 days. 

During the last five months of the year the Sudbury con- 
duit was used intermittingly, to allow the work of lining the 
Beacon-street tunnel to be done. Water was usually run 
through the conduit on Saturdays, Sundays, and Mondays, 
the work of lining being done during the balance of the week. 
The Sudbury conduit has delivered into Chestnut-Hill and 
Brookline resem^oirs 6,130,500,000 gallons, equal to a daily 
supply of 16,796,000 gallons; and the Cochituate aqueduct 
has delivered 5,570,424,000 gallons, or 15,261,000 gallons 
per day. 

Both aqueducts have been cleaned during the year. The 
details of this work will be seen in the report of the Superin- 
tendent of the Western Division. In the Cochituate aque- 
duct a flow 6 feet in depth was maintained until August 1, 
and from that date the depth was increased to 6^ feet. 

The Chestnut-Hill, Brookline, Fisher-Hill, Parker-Hill, 
and East Boston reservoirs are in good condition. Parker- 
Hill reservoir was shut off from January 9 to October 16, and 
from November 1 to the present time. 

High-Service Pumping-Stations. 

The l)uildings at the Chestnut-Hill pumping-station were 
completed early in the year, and the grounds were graded 
and planted. 

An electric-lighting plant of 108 incandescent lights was 
placed in the building during the past summer, which thor- 
oughly lights all portions of the main building, the biolog- 
ical laboratory, and the stable. 

The dynamo and lights were furnished by the Standard 
Electric Company, of Vermont. 

The power is furnished by a 12-horse power Paine engine, 
which takes steam from the main boilers. 

In the basement a lathe, planer, drill, emery-wheel, and 
grindstone have been set up, the power for nmning them 
being supplied by a water motor. A good set of carpenters' 



30 



City Document No. 39. 



and machinists' tools has also been furnished, and the ordi- 
nary repairs on the pumping-plant are made by the regular 
force, with the least possible expense. 

The pumping-engines are kept in good condition. Inde- 
pendent jacket-pumps, furnished by H. R. Worthington, 
have been attached to each engine, and by this arrangement 
all the steam used in the jackets of the steam cylinders is 
returned to the boilers, whether the pumping-engines are 
running or not. 

Air chambers have been placed on the suction-pipes of 
both pumps, and several minor changes and repairs have been 
made by the regular force of engineers at the station. 

An attachment for admitting air to the furnace at the 
bridge- wall, known as "Jones' economic furnace," was placed 
under each boiler, and put into operation on October 1. 
The greater portion of the soot which formerly collected in 
the flues is now con.sumed, and the evaporation of water by 
the boilers per pound of coal burned seems to have been 
increased by this appliance. 

The amounts of water pumped at the Chestnut-Hill pump- 
ing-station,andthe percentage of increase over the correspond- 
incr months in 1888, are as follows : — 





Total amount 
pumped. 


Daily average 
amount pumped. 


Per cent, 
increase. 


January 

February 

March 


174,117,800 
170,303,500 
177,191,750 
162,530,250 
183,062,250 
183,873,500 
187,811,750 
188,040,100 
189,435,725 
182,895,575 
169,846,250 
174,817,300 


5,616,700 
6,082,300 
5,715,900 
5,417,700 
5,905,200 
•6,129,100 
6,058,400 
6,065,800 
6,314,500 
5,899,900 
5,661,500 
5,639,300 


20.7 
20.7 
28.7 






May 




June 

July 


27.4 
9 8 




10.1 


September 


18.4 


November 

December 


11.9 

2.8 


Total and average . . . 


2,143,925,750 


5,873,700 


19.1 



Several large districts, formerly supplied from the low 
service, were connected with the high service in June, 1888 ; 
consequently the percentage of increase shown for the first 



Report of City Engineer. 31 

half of 1889 is larger than it should be expected to be in the 
future. The average increase during the last half of this 
year, when the districts supplied practically corresponded 
with that supplied during the corresponding months of the 
previous year, was 11.4 per cent. 

The season was, however, very favorable for a small con- 
sumption of water during this latter part of the year, and the 
increase of 11.4 per cent, is probably too small for estimat- 
ing the probable increase for future years. I think that 13 
per cent, would be more nearly correct to use. 

Upon this basis the average consumption will exceed the 
capacity of one of the pumping-engines within two and one- 
half years, and arrangements have consequently been made 
for procuring a third pumping-engine. 

The table on page 42 shows the work done by the pump- 
ing-engines during the year. 

Engine No. 1 was in use 3,616 hours, 

pumping 1,223,540,500 galls. 

Engine No. 2 was in use 2,785 hours, 

45 minutes, pumping . . . 920,385,250 " 



Total amount pumped . . . 2,143,925,750 " 

Total amount coal consumed . . 2,462,751 lbs. 

Per cent, ashes and clinkers . . 7.9 

Average lift in feet . . . . 123.21 

Quantity pumped per lb. of coal . 870.5 galls. 

Daily average amount pumped . . 5,873,700 " 

The duty of the engines is calculated after deducting 2^ 
per cent, from the theoretical displacement of the plungers 
for slip, and with no credit given the engines for the large 
amount of steam used to heat and light the pumping-station 
and adjacent buildings, and corrected duties, are also shown 
in the tables. The exact amount of steam used for heating 
the building was shown by a meter ; the amount of coal used 
to run the dynamo was assumed, after making calcula- 
tions and experiments, to be 30 pounds of coal per hour of 
lighting. 

Cost of Pumping. 

Salaries $9,488 99 

5,465 70 

1,046 94 

664 99 

177 82 

$16,844 44 



Fuel 

Repairs . 

Oil, waste, and packing 

Small supplies 

Total 



32 City Document No. 39. 

Cost per million gallons raised one foot high, 6.37 cents. 

Cost per million gallons pumped to reservoir, $7.86. 

The above includes the cost of heating and lighting. 

At the West Koxbury pumping-station 12,903,700 gal- 
lons have been pumped, equivalent to a daily average of 
35,350 gallons, or a decrease of 12.9 per cent, from 
the amount pumped in 1888. This decrease was owing to 
the mild winter, a smaller amount than usual being allowed 
to run back into the main high service, to prevent the freez- 
ing of the pipe over Park-street bridge. 

The grounds around the Bellevue tower have been graded, 
and a roadway built. 

The new pumping-station in East Boston has been com- 
pleted, and is now in running order. 

Breed's Island has been supplied with water from the new 
supplementary high service since August 28th, and an obser- 
vatory tower, similar to the one on Bellevue hill, has been 
built over the tank. The height of water in the tank is indi- 
cated and recorded at the pumping-station, 11,000 feet dis- 
tant, by an electrical gauge and indicator, made by George 
E. Winslow, of Waltham. 

No water has been pumped into the East Boston reservoir 
during the year, since the increased head, due to the 24- 
inch main laid in 1888, enables the reservoir to be filled dur- 
ing the night without the aid of the pumps. 

This condition will continue, excepting during unusually cold 
weather, or while one of the mains may be temporarily shut 
ofi. 

About 7,000 gallons per day are pumped into the tower on 
Breed's Island. 

Mystic Lake. 

The surface of the lake has been kept in the vicinity of 
high-water mark during the greater part of the year, and 
water was wasted over the dam on 299 days. In November 
the lake was lowered to about four feet below high-water 
mark, so that the rip-rap on a portion of the dam between 
the overflow and the gate-house could be repaired. 

The yield of the water-shed is shown on page 41. 

Mystic-Valley Sewer. 

The works for the purification of the sewage have been in 
successful operation during the year. The total amount 
pumped and treated was 99,882,850 gallons, or 324,000 gal- 
lons per day, exclusive of Sundays and legal holidays, when 
the pumps are not run. 



Report of City Engineer. 33 

Four hundred and four thousand two hundred and seventy 
pounds of sulphate of alumina have been used in purifying 
the sewage, and 162 tons of coal were used in pumping. 

The cost of pumping and treating the sewage was $152.46 
per million gallons treated. This price does not include 
extra work about the grounds, or the care of the main sewer 
and its branches. 

Mystic Conduit and Eeservoir. 

The conduit has been cleaned twice during the year, and 
is in good condition. The north-eastern division of the 
reservoir should be cleaned during the coming year, and 
such repairs made as are found to be necessary. 

Mystic Puiviping-Station. 

The 8,000,000-gallon pump was overhauled during the 
year, and was fitted with new valve-rods. It is now in 
good condition. 

An independent air-pump and condenser has been con- 
tracted for, to connect with the two 5,000,000-gallon pumps, 
their old air-pumps being worn out. By this improvement the 
efficiency of these two pumps will be considerably increased. 

The four boilers that were erected in 1872 are to be re- 
placed by three new boilers during the coming summer. 

A lathe, driven by a Tuerk water-motor, has been placed 
in the basement of the engine-room, and has proved to be 
of great assistance in making repairs to the pumps. 

The table on page 43 shows the work done by the pump- 
ing-engines during the year. 

Engine No. 1 was In use 424 hours, 45 minutes pumping 75,182,900 gallons. 

" 2 " " 1,224 " 30 " " 233,128,900 

" " 3 " " 7,993 " 30 " " 2,549,657,600 



Total amount pumped 2,857,969,400 

Total amount of coal consumed, 6,286,000 lbs. 

Percentage ashes and clinkers, 8. 

Average lift in feet, 146.51. 

Quantity pumped per pound of coal, 454.7 gallons. 

Average duty of engines per 100 lbs. of coal, no deductions, 55,554,200 ft. -lbs. 

Daily average amount pumped, 7,830,000 gallons. 



Cost of Pumping. 

Salaries 

Fuel .... 

Repairs 

Oil, waste, and packing 

Small supplies 



$9,922 08 

14,262 93 

123 64 

690 ^Q 

406 79 



Total $25,406 10 



34 



City Document No. 39. 



Cost per million gallons raised one foot high . . $0.0607 
" " " " pumped to reservoir . 8.89 



Consumption. 

The daily average consumption from the combined works, 
and the consumption compared with that of 1888, has been 
as follows : — 







COCHITUATE WOBKS. 


Mystic Works. 


Combined Supply. 


1889. 


Consumption 
in Gallons. 


III 

(So 


Consumption 
in Gallons. 


til 

(26 


Consumption 
in Gallons. 


ffi 


January . 
February 
March . . 
April . . 
May . . 
June . . 
July. . . 
August . 
September 
October . 
November 
December 




30,172,000 
35,855,200 
32,180,000 
30,814,500 
32,719,500 
33,377,900 
31,870,300 
31,403,200 
31,722,800 
31,702,200 
31,532,400 
31,829,000 


74.5 
83.2 
88.3 
97.9 
106.2 
107.6 
99.5 
96.8 
99.6 
108.9 
110.3 
97.4 


7,769,500 
9,073,600 
7,537,600 
7,185,700 
7,663,600 
8,017,700 
8,315,600 
8,113,200 
7,966,000 
7,627,500 
7,316,700 
7,473,200 


70.0 
78.1 
81.6 

110.5 
105 3 
100.6 
103.2 
109.6 
107.5 
104.7 
94.4 


37,941,500 
44,928,800 
39,717,600 
38,000,200 
40,383,100 
41,395,600 
40,185,900 
39,516,400 
39,688,800 
39,329,700 
38,849,100 
39,302,200 


73.5 
82.1 
86.9 
98.1 
107.0 
107.1 
99.8 

101.5 
108.0 
109.2 
96.8 


Average . 




32,070,000 


96.3 


7,830,500 


94.8 


39,900,500 


96.0 



The daily average consumption per head of population has 
been as follows : — 



Sudbury and Cochituate supply . 
Mystic supply .... 
Combined supplies 



82.7 gallons. 
70.4 " 

80.0 " 



The above figures show a decrease of 3.7 per cent, in the 
consumption from the Sudbury and Cochituate works from 
that of the previous year ; of 5.2 per cent, in the consump- 
tion from the Mystic works ; and of 4 per cent, decrease in 
the consumption from the combined supplies. 



Report of City Engineer. 



35 



Distribution. 

The follo^ying■ changes were made in the distribution sys- 
tem during the year : — 





Sudbury and Cochituate Works. 


Mystic Works in Charlestown. 


Size. 


Total length laid 
and relaid. 


Length abandoned. 


Total length laid 
and relaid. 


Length 
abandonted. 


4" 
6" 
8" 
10" 
12" 
16" 
20" 
30" 


273 
58,778 
20,943 

3,133 
24,758 

8,276 
15,785 

1,808 


2,430 

7,049 

1,054 

922 

626 


1,621 

7,866 
1,507 


2,942 

5,110 

454 


Total 
length. 


133,754 


12,081 


10,994 


8,506 



The total length of pipe laid on the Sudbury and Cochit- 
uate works was 25.3 miles, and 2.3 miles have been aban- 
doned, making a net increase of twenty-three miles in the 
total length in use. On the Mystic works in Charlestown 
the mains were extended 569 feet ; 1,919 feet of 2-inch service- 
pipes were relaid with 4 and 6 inch main pipes, and 8,506 
feet of 4, 6, and 8 inch wrought-iron and cement pipes were 
replaced with cast-iron pipe. 

The 30 and 16 inch mains, which were partly laid in 1888 
to connect Charlestown with the Cochituate supply, were 
completed in December, by laying them across Warren bridge, 
siphons being placed under the channel at the draw-opening. 
The siphons consist, one of a 20-inch pipe, and the other of a 
30-inch pipe, encased in a substantial box, made of hard pine, 
with the space between the pipe and the sides of the box 
filled with hydraulic cement-concrete. The siphon was so 
placed that in the channel the top of the box would be twenty- 
three feet below mean low water, being three feet lower than 
the 24-inch siphon that was laid on the other side of the bridge 
in 1883. The contract for building and lowering these 
siphons was awarded to John Cavanagh & Co., for $14,700. 

The method formerly employed for lowering siphons simi- 
lar to these usually closed the river to navigation for at least 
three days. Before advertising for proposals for building 



36 City Document No. 39. 

these siphons the subject of lowering them was carefully 
studied in consultation with Mr. Francis Low and Mr. John 
Cavanagh, with the result that the length of time during which 
navigation should be delayed by the lowering of each siphon 
was limited to twenty-four hours, and the specifications pro- 
vided that only approved methods should be employed for 
lowering them. The method employed by the successful bid- 
ders was as follows : — 

The siphons were partially built on the shore of Chelsea 
creek, nearly three miles from Warren bridge. After they 
were so far finished that when in place the arms would be 
above mean low water, they were moved on rolls to a 
point on the beach just above low water, and were then 
raised to a vertical position by means of screws. Each siphon 
was moved and placed separately. Two long and narrow 
scows were procured, one of which was secured to each side of 
the siphon, so as to float the siphon at flood-tide. The scows 
and suspended siphon were then towed through three draw- 
bridges to a point above Warren bridge. The scows were 
then changed fi-om the sides of the siphon to positions be- 
tween the vertical arms of the siphon, and the siphon was 
then floated over its final position at high water. The lower- 
ing into place was done by means of screws, assisted by the 
falling tide, and the channel was obstructed only during the 
ebbing of one tide for about six hours. 

The 30-inch siphon was lowered on November 14 and the 
20-inch on November 23. The illustration on opposite page 
shows the 30-inch siphon ready for lowering into place. 

The beds for the siphons had to be dredged at least 10 feet 
below the bottom of the channel, and it was necessary to re- 
move large portions of the draw-pier and wharf to accom- 
modate the dredger. The 30 and 16 inch pipes were laid 
under the bridge and upon the draw-pier and wharf. The 
boxes to enclose and support the pipes were built by J. N. 
Hayes & Co., the greater portion of it by contract and a 
small portion by day's work. This work will be completed 
during the present month. 

The laying of these pipes completes the " Connection with 
Charlestown" and "New Main to East Boston," which were 
begun in 1887 ; and Charlestown can now be supplied with 
water from both the low and high Sudbury and Cochituate 
services, if any emergency should arise in connection with 
the Mystic supply. 

A 20-inch high-service main was laid from Parker-Hill 
reservoir to Boston Common, a distance of 15,948 feet. A 
right of way, 400 feet long and 10 feet wide, was secured 
through land of Franklin Dexter on Parker Hill, between 



> 

X 
X 




Report of City Engineer. 37 

Parker Hill avenue and Hillside street. This shortened the 
length of the pipe line about 1,200 feet from that originally 
estimated upon, and was secured without any expense to the 
city. The main is laid over the Boston and Albany railroad 
at Huntington-avenue bridge, a wrought-iron pipe being used 
at that point ; and the 16-ineh low-service pipe, formerly 
laid upon the sidewalk of that bridge, was replaced by a 
wrought-iron pipe, both pipes being laid below the floor of 
the sidewalk. 

Considerable delay was experienced in procuring the 
wrought-iron pipes ; but water will be let into the pipe by 
the middle of the present month. This main will increase 
the pressure on the pipes near Beacon HjII about 10 pounds 
during the hours of greatest consumption. 

A Ifi-inch high-service main was laid from Parker street 
to Walnut avenue near Egleston square, a distance of 6,145 
feet, and the 12-inch pipe was connected through Seaver 
street. These mains give 12 to 14 feet additional head to the 
services on Elm Hill during the hours of greatest consumption, 
and no complaints of an insufficient supply have been heard 
since this connection was made. 

The supply in Dorchester was improved by laying 3,900 
feet of 12-inch pipe in Blue Hill avenue, from Grove Hall to 
Abbot street ; 1,740 feet of 12-inch pipe in Mill and Preston 
streets, to Commercial Point ; and by relaying 1,680 feet of 
6-inch with 12-inch pipe in Savin Hill avenue. 

The 6-inch pipe line to Long Island was completed during 
the year. The siphon and pipe-box at Neponset bridge were 
built and placed in position by J. N. Hayes & Co., the 
siphon, containing an 8-inch pipe, being lowered on Sunday, 
April 21. 

The excavation for the pipe-trench on Long Island was 
done by inmates of Deer Island, and, in consequence, the 
completion of the work was somewhat delayed, so that the 
water was not turned on to the island until August 21. 

Additional Supply. 

On March 10 the preliminary work on Basin 5 on Indian 
brook was stopped for lack of funds, and was suspended until 
November 18, when a party began to run the final location 
lines for the changes of the road system in the vicinity of 
the basin. 

In December borings were commenced to determine the 
location and character of the proposed dam, and the work of 
cross-sectioning the proposed basin was also commenced. 

On November 25 the survey of Whitehall pond and adja- 



38 City Document No. 39. 

cent territory was commenced and is now about completed, 
Foi particulars, see the following report of Desmond Fitz 
Gerald, Resident Engineer : — 

Boston Water Works, 
Office of Additional Supply, 
South Framingham, Mass., Jan. 1, 1890. 

William Jackson, Esq., Oity Engineer and Chief Engi- 
neer Boston Water- Works : — 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith a brief report of engineer- 
ing work accomplished during the past year by the additional- 
supply force. 

Between March 10 and November 18 no work was done on 
Basin 5, on account of lack of appropriation. On November 
18 a party began the work of locating the new lines of the 
roads, slight changes having been made in the former lines. 
This work was completed on Dec. 'Id), 1889. 

On December 12 a diamond drill was set up on the pro- 
posed line of the dam, and is still at work. Bed-rock was 
reached in the valle}' at a depth of 42 feet below the surface 
of the ground. The borings and test-pits have revealed the 
fact that the ground is full of heavy boulders and water, and 
the trench for the core-wall will be extremely difficult and 
costly to excavate. The test-pit on the southerly end of the 
dam was carried to the rock in December. Depth, 35 feet. 

The engineering forces at the basin are now at work on 
the cross-sectioning of the valley, and getting out the quan- 
tities for the construction of the roads early in the spring. 
An artesian-well boring-machine will be started within a 
few days to hasten the borings, and a second diamond drill 
will be ordered. 

A small force is now engaged in sinking a test-pit in the 
meadow by the brook. 

On November 25 a party was started at Whitehall pond to 
make a survey of the pond and neighborhood. A taking- 
line has been located, contours run, and the work is now 
nearly completed. This party will then be moved to Cedar 
swamp. 

During the summer, contours were made of the valley of 
Cold Spring brook, below Dam 4, with reference to improv- 
ing the channel. This survey showed the necessity of lower- 
ing the bridge abutments of one of the Ashland highway 
bridges on Main street. 

These abutments were accordingly rebuilt in October and 
November, permission therefor having been obtained from 
the selectmen of Ashland. 





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Report of City Engineer. 39 

Under the head of maintenance the following engineering 
work has been carried on during the year : — 

Plans were made early in the season for lining portions of 
the Beacon-street tunnel of the Sudbury-river aqueduct, which 
were in a dangerous condition from disintegration of the 
rock. . The greater part of the summer was spent in putting 
a track into the tunnel, and in preparing to do the work. 

The laying of concrete was begun in September, and is 
still in progress. 

A biological laboratory has been built, and a party organ- 
ized for the study of changes in the life in the water, both 
animal and vegetable. 

A new set of experiments has been started at Chestnut - 
hill reservoir on filtration. 

The plant has been for the most part procured, but the 
preparation of the tanks was stopped by the cold weather. 
Work will be resumed early in the coming season, and it is 
hoped that filtration may be started in this experimental plant 
by the beginning of May. The design, which is closely 
modelled on the Lawrence experiments, has received the 
approval of Mr. Hiram F. Mills. The object is to determine 
the exact efiect of intermittent and continuous filtration on 
the Boston water and economic sections of materials. 

In closing I may add that the past year has been an un- 
usually active one in all departments of the works. 

Very respectfully yours, 
(Signed) Desmond Fitz Gerald, 

Resident Engineer. 

In General. 

The valley of Cold Spring brook below Dam 4 was sur- 
veyed for improving the water-course. 

The lining of portions of the Beacon-street tunnel of the 
Sudbury aqueduct has been commenced, and is now in prog- 
ress. The lining is of concrete, the inside ring being of 
Portland cement, and the backing of Rosendale cement. 

[The illustrations indicate the method of doing this work. 
Plate No. 2 shows a section in course of preparation, the 
bottom is being pumped out between two temporary dams, 
and men are trying the sidewalls and roof, so as to detach 
any loose stone. Plate No. 3 shows the mixing-beds, the 
material being brought to them by cars, each having a 
capacity for carrying in separate compartments one cask of 
cement, two of sand, or five of broken stone. The materials 
are shovelled from the cars into the beds, then mixed and 



40 City Document No. 39. 

shovelled into a car, by which it is transported to the work. 
Plate No. 4 shows the car of concrete in position for the 
building of the arch.] 

During the season the study of animal and vegetable 
life in the water supply has received considerable attention. 
Early in the season Mr. Geo. W. Rafter, who had made a 
special study of this subject, was engaged, and later a biolog- 
ical laboratory was built, and a force engaged to continue 
the study. 

The experiments on filtration have been continued through 
the greater part of the year, with the result that it has been 
determined to continue the experiments on a more elaborate 
scale. A plant for these experiments is now in preparation, 
and Mr. Hiram F. Mills, of Lawrence, a member of the 
Mass. State Board of Health, who has already made special 
studies of filtration, has been engaged as consulting engineer. 

The pipe for a 24-inch high-service main, from the corner 
of Prince and Perkins streets to Forest Hills, has been con- 
tracted for, and will be laid the coming season. This main 
is a portion of the main pipe line that will connect the pro- 
posed reservoir in Roslindale with Fisher Hill reservoir, and 
it will be desirable to extend this main still further within a 
short time, in order to further improve the water supply for 
Roslindale and West Roxbury village. 

Thirty-nine contracts for rock excavation have been made 
during the year. 

Two hundred and ninety petitions for main pipe extensions 
have been received and reported upon in regard to grade of 
streets, size of pipe, and cost of laying. 

The pipe laid has been measured, the gates and hydrants 
located, and are being plotted on the plans. 

Forty-seven profiles of unaccepted streets have been made 
and grades given for grading the streets and laying pipes 
wherever it was necessary. 

The records from the four pumping stations, the lakes, 
reservoirs, the Mystic sewer, and the returns from the pipe 
foundries etc., have been carefully kept. 



BOSTON WATER WORK'S. 

DiagKam showing the rainfall and daily average Consumption 
for' each month. 



Report of City Eng 

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1 


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50 



City Document No. 39. 



Rainfallin Inches and Hundredths on the Sudhury-river Water-shed ^07' the 
Year 18S9. 



1889. 


3 

4 


3 
5 
S 


1 


1 


1 


s 

3 
1-5 




1 

3 
< 


1 


1 



J 

H 

1 


1 

a 


1 




0.02 




0.81 




0.975 




0.83 




0.42 






3 








0.02 




0.605 
0.34 


1.495 


0.17 
0.50 




0.01 


0.35 


0.13 


5 




0.32 








0.155 


7 

g 


2.75 








. 


0.115 


0.03 






1.215 






9 


0.56 


0.095 


























0.145 


0.10 
0.06 








0.055 


0.325 
0.08 

0.35 














0.22 






0.225 


12 

13 . 




0.29 




0.035 
0.165 


0.05 




1.125 


1.27 
0.19 


















0,875 


0.475 


15 












0.145 


1.515 


2.095 




16 




475 
















17 

18 


0.655 


0.41 


'0.48 


0.51 




0.435 












. 


19 












1.64 






0.70 


20 

21 .... . 


0.54 






0.185 
0.095 


1.74 




1.025 




0.43 


0.07 


1.49 










0.52 


0.255 


23 














0.535 










24 


0.01 








VoJ, 






0.145 








0.37 


OQ 








0.04 
1.55 


275 








0.285 


0.035 
0.82 


3.175 


0.04 


27 

29 


0.855 


0.045 


0.125 


0.51 


0.025 


2.03 
0.185 




0.065 


30 

31 






0.035 
0.60 








1.00 
0.905 




0.25 








0.17 






Totals . . 


5.37 


1.655 


2.365 


3.41 


2.945 


2.80 


8.94 


4.175 


4.605 


4.255 


6.29 


3.14 



Total rainfall 
Being an aver 



during the year, 4£ 
age of two gauges, 



.95 inches. 

located at Framingham and Westboro'. 



Report of Citt Engineer. 



51 



Rainfall in Inches and Hundredths on Lake Cochituate Water-shed for the 
Tear 1889. 



1889. 


1-5 


? 

S 


1 

1 


p. 

<1 




s 

3 
•-5 


1-5 


i 

3 
< 


1 
1 
1 


1 


1 


1 

a 
ft 


1 








0.90 




1.35 




... 




0.10 . . . 




3 




0.02 




0.03 




0.65 
0.16 


1.58 


0.06 






0.42 


0.10 


5 

5 




0.25 


0.96 






0.27 






... 1 0.11 


7 


2.57 










0.17 


0.01 






1.33 


....... 


9 

10 


0.50 


0.13 












0.32 








60 






0.10 


0.05 
0.03 


0.16 


0.28 






0.31 
0.03 

0.35 
















12 




0.28 




0.01 
0.11 


0.10 




1.50 

0.80 
0.18 


1.61 














15 












0.30 


1.50 


1.92 




16 




0.40 








































18 




0.46 


0.52 


0.56 
















69 


19 




















20 

21 


1.10 






0.15 
0.15 


2.25 




1.28 




0.16 
0.07 


0.06 


1.54 


0.01 








0.51 


0.27 


23 














0.09 










24 














0.03 


0.17 








0.37 












0.21 












26 ... 










0.33 
0.62 




2.20 




0.24 


0.55 


... 1 0.02 


27 

28 


0.70 


0.02 


13 


1.28 


2.63 
























0.04 




O.U 


30 

31 






0.04 
0.63 




0.02 
0.01 


. . . 


2.25 




0.19 


0.16 
3.85 






Totals. . 


V- 


1.56 


2.28 


3.19 


3.64 


3.17 


9.10 


4.57 


4.92 


5.79 


2.70 



Total rainfall during the year, 50.23 inches. 



52 



City Document No. 39. 



Rainfall in Inches and Hundreds on the Mystic Lake Water-shed for the 
Year 1889. 



1889. 


i 

1-5 


1 


1 


< 


1 


i 


>. 

^ 


I 

a 
< 


1 


1 
1 


S 

i 
1 


a 
s 


1 




0.01 




0.855 




1.465 




0.805 




0.11 






3 

4 

5 

6 . 




0.43 


1.06 


0.075 




0.31 
0.33 


1.155 


0.155 
0.136 




0.015 


0.475 


0.09 
0.156 


7 


3.215 










0.27 








0.70 






9 

10 


0.395 


0.13 












0.395 








645 






0.06 
0.065 


0.11 
0.06 


0.01 
0.05 






0.015 

. . . 

1.205 
0.21 


0.34 

0.04 
0.355 




11 

12 




0.39 


. . . 


0.03 
0.22 




1.075 


0.22 














2.215 


0.76 
0.045 


0.23 


15 










0.01 


0.29 


0.895 
















17 

18 


0.57 


0.47 


0.435 


0.55 




0.355 


0.08 






















19 












191 






0.705 


20 

21 . 


0.63 




0.01 


0.18 
0.03 


3.075 




1.505 




0.395 


0.075 


1.69 




22 . 








0.435 


0.24 










































0.215 








0.46 


95 








0.01 
1.645 


0.275 
0.375 
0.685 
















26 


0.695 


0.025 




O.05 


2.405 




0.28 


0.835 


2.315 


0.04 


29 

30 

31 






0.015 
0.60 


0.015 


0.065 
0.03 


0.075 


0.625 
1.61 




0.24 


0.16 
0.25 




0.075 


Totals. • 


5.505 


1.86 


2.285 


3.61 


4.64 


3.315 


8.455 


3.92 


4.705 


3.59 


5.65 


2.86 



Total rainfall during the year, 50.395 inches. 



Report or City Engineer. 



5a 



1 


50.23 

53.08 

46.82 

54.79 

48.80 

51.99 

60.99 

53.25 

44.84 

53.11 

46.756 

41.43 


5 


1 




1 


i 




s 


i 


IJJI^^I^JJJJ 


1 


. 


||J|5J|||||j 


Ir- 


3 
<1 




! 






§ 


i 


HiSSsSiSii-li 


8 

CO 


i 




2 


<5 




^ 


2 


iSSsiiSSsilS 


1 


1 


§SS§Sg§§3S^^ 


B 










>ra 


3 










































::::::'.:: 6 '. s 


ft 

1 

o 

s 

> 

< 




: -g • 1 


■:""':;"!l'^-2 


o K 1 1 § g § 

S a -g, ■•;: .2 0. .« ^ O (§ -3 -g 

1 1 i i 1 3 1 £ 1 g- -. 3 

3 1 1 6 1" 1^ !• ^ 1 1 1 1 



64 



City Document No. 39. 



Rainfall Received and Collected, 1889. 









SUDBUBT. 


COCHITDATE. 


Mystic. 


Months. 


1 

a 
1 


ll 


II 


1 

1 


■11 
II 


II 


1 


ll 


II 

^2 




Inches. 


Inches. 


Per 

cent. 


Inches. 


Inches. 


Per 

cent. 


Inches. 


Inches. 


Per 

cent. 


Januar 

Februa 

March 

April 

May . 

June. 

July. 

August 

Septem 

October 

Noveml 

Decemt 


? 

be 

)e 
ei 


r . 


5.37 

1,655 

2.365 

3.41 

2.945 

2.80 

8.94 

4.175 

4.605 

4.255 

6.29 

3.14 


4.963 
1.926 
2.3SS 
2.434 
1.569 
1.128 
1.130 
2.554 
1.422 
2.194 
3.351 
3.997 


92.42 
116.39 
100.95 
71.37 
53.27 
40.27 
12.64 
61.18 
30.87 
51.57 
53.27 
127.30 


1 

5.46 

1.56 

2.28 

3.19 

3.64 

3.17 

9.10 

4.57 

4.92 

3.85 

5.79 

2.70 


4.50 
1.85 
2.08 
2.17 
1.20 
1.18 

3.43 
1.79 
1.91 
2.95 
3.26 


82.45 
118.67 
91.48 
68.10 
32.87 
37.13 
17.90 
74.99 
36.38 
49.57 
50.91 
120.85 


5.505 
1.86 
2.285 
3.61 
4.64 
3.315 
8.455 
3.92 
4.705 

5.65 

2.86 


4.51 
1.83 
1.60 
2.27 
2.18 

2.05 
1.06 
1.21 
2.49 
3.06 


81.84 
98.24 
70.18 
62.97 
46.90 
56.97 
15.79 
52.20 
22.51 
33.73 
44.09 
107.02 


Totals s 
avera 


n 

ge 


^! 


49.95 


29.056 


58.17 


50.23 


27.95 


55.64 


50.395 


25.48 


50.56 



Kepokt of City Engineer, 



55 



Table showing the Temperature of Air and Water at Various Stations on 
the Water- Works. 



January 
Februarj' 
March 
April . 
May . 
June . 
July . 
August 
September 
October . . 
November 
December . 



Temperature of Air. 



Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 



58.0 
47.0 
63.5 
80.0 
91.5 
88.0 
89.0 
86.0 
85.0 
75.0 
65.5 
64.0 



6.5 
-4.0 
19.0 
28.0 
37.0 
45.0 
50.5 
46.0 
38.0 
27.0 
17.0 

8.0 



25.0 
37.0 
47.5 
60.6 
68.4 

67.0 
63.1 
47.9 
43.1 



Framingham. 



58.0 
48.0 

79.0 
93.0 
90.0 

84.0 
83.0 
72.0 
65.0 
64.0 



5.0 
-5.0 
18.0 
26.0 
36.0 
45.0 
50.0 
45.0 
37.0 

17.0 
6.0 



Temperature of 
Water. 



Brookline 
Reservoir. 



Mystic 
Engine- 



38.5 


36.5 


47.2 


45.3 


60.6 


63.2 


67.6 


68.7 


72.7 


74.6 


71.0 


72.9 


66.8 


68.3 


54.5 


54.8 


46.8 


47.0 


39.0 


39.8 



56 City Document No. 39. 



C— IMPROVED SEWERAGE. 

The following is a statement of the condition of the ap- 
propriation for Improved Sewerage Construction to Jan. 1, 

1890: — 

Total appropriations $5,913,089 93 

Expended to Jan. 1, 1890 .... 5,419,251 74 

Balance Jan. 1, 1890 .... $493,838 19 

By an act of Legislature, entitled " An Act to enable the 
City of Boston to extend its Improved Sewerage System, " 
approved May 9, 1889, the Board of Aldermen was author- 
ized to extend the construction of the Improved Sewerage 
System, and to take land therefor ; also to incur indebtedness 
to an amount not exceeding $500,000 outside of the limit of 
indebtedness fixed by law for the city. 

On May 29, 1889, an order of the Board of Aldermen was 
approved, "That the City Engineer is hereby directed to 
proceed with surveys of the extension of the Improved Sewer- 
age System to Dorchester Lower Mills and Brighton, the ex- 
pense thereof to be charged to the available balance of the 
loan for Improved Sewerage Construction." 

In accordance with this order an engineering force was at 
once organized and surveys and investigations commenced. 

On Sept. 30, 1889, these sui-veys having progressed suffi- 
ciently to indicate the general method to be pursued in regard 
to the extension of the Improved Sewerage System, a plan 
was submitted to the Board of Aldermen, and the following 
order was passed : — 

" Wliereas, it is hereby adjudged to be necessary for the 
public convenience and the public health of the City of Boston 
to continue and extend the Improved Sewerage System, as 
shown on the plan hereinafter mentioned, it is therefore 

" Ordered, That intercepting sewers, in continuance and 
extension of the Improved Sewerage System of the City of 
Boston, be laid and constructed in the streets and places sub- 
stantially as shown and indicated by red lines and dotted 
red lines on a plan dated Sept. 23, 1889, and marked 'Main 
and branch intercepting sewers and proposed extension of 
same,' on file in the office of the City Engineer. 

" That the City Engineer be and he is hereby directed to 
lay and construct the same, and that the expense thereof be 
charged to the appropriation for Improved Sewerage." 



Eepoet of City Engineer. 57 

This order was passed on Sept. 30 and approved on 
Oct. 2, 1889 ; the loan of $500,000 having been passed on 
Sept. 3 and approved Sept. 14, 1889. 

The surveys and investigations being well advanced, and 
plans and specifications having been prepared for several of the 
sections of sewer, proposals were advertised for the construc- 
tion of the same, and contracts were awarded on Oct. 15, 
1889, to the lowest bidders, on the following sewers : — 

Section 8. — South Boston Intercepting Sewer. 
/Section 9. — South Boston Intercepting Sewer. 
Section 3. — Dorchester Intercepting Sewer. 
Section 1. — Brighton Intercepting Sewer. 

Owing to the open winter, work is well advanced on the 
above sewers, with the exception of the Brighton sewer. 

The result of the surveys, the work now in progress, and 
the work proposed to be done, is as follows : — 

City Proper. 

The extension of the Improved Sewerage System in the 
city proper will require — 

FivM. The building of an intercepting sewer in Commercial 
street, from the end of the present "West Side Intercepting 
Sewer" at Prince street to Charter street. This sewer, to be 
known as "Section 7, West Side Intercepting Sewer," will 
be about 500 feet long, and will intercept the sewage now 
flowing into the docks at the foot of Hull and Charter 
streets. 

The construction of this sewer will complete the " West 
Side Intercepting Sewer." 

Second. The building of an intercepting sewer in Atlantic 
avenue, from Central street to Commercial street, and in 
Commercial street, from Atlantic avenue to Hanover street. 
These sewers will be known as " Sections 5 and 6, East Side 
Intercepting Sewer," and will be 1,525 and 1,575 feet long, 
respectively. These sewers will intercept sewage now 
emptying into the docks at the foot ef Clark, Battery, and 
Hanover streets. 

The construction of these sewers will complete the East 
Side Intercepting Sewer, and together with the construction 
of Section 7, West Side Intercepting Sewer, previously 
mentioned, will remove all sewage now emptying along the 
water-front of the North End. 

Third. The first section of the intercepting sewer, which 
will ultimately extend up the Charles-river valley and sewer 



58 City Document No. 39. 

Brighton, Newton, Watertown, and Waltham, is located in 
Huntington avenue, and extends from Gainsboro' street 
(where it joins the main intercepting sewer) to Parker 
street. 

This Charles-river valley sewer will be built by the State, 
under the direction of the Metropolitan Sewerage Commis- 
sioners. The drainage of a large territory in Roxbury now 
overflows into the Back Bay park, and in order to do away 
with this nuisance, it is proposed that the city of Boston 
shall build the first section of this sewer, so as to intercept 
the sewage now emptying into the park. 

This sewer will be completed in October, 1890, and will 
complete the extension of intercepting sewers in the city 
proper. 

South Boston. 

The extension of the Improved Sewerage System in South 
Boston will require — 

First. The building of intercepting sewers in First street 
and East Second street, from D street to L street. 

These sewers, to be known as "Sections 8 and 9, South 
Boston Intercepting Sewers," will be 2,363 and 1,877 feet long, 
respectively ; they wdll intercept sewage now emptying into 
the docks at the foot of F, I, and L streets. 

Plans and specifications for these sewers were completed in 
October, 1889, and proposals for their construction advertised 
for. 

Section 8, South Boston intercepting sewer, was awarded 
to the Metropolitan Constraction Company, for the estimated 
sum of $21,332.95, they being the lowest bidder. 

Work has rapidly progressed on this section, and its com- 
pletion is expected in May, 1890. 

Section 9, South Boston intercepting sewer, was awarded 
to Collins & Ham, for the estimated sum of $13,832.95, this 
firm being the lowest bidder. 

Good progress has been made on the construction of this 
sewer, which will be finished in May, 1890. 

The construction of these sewers will complete the exten- 
sion of the Improved Sewerage System along the north side 
of South Boston, and will intercept all sewage now emptying 
along this water-front. 

Second. The building of an intercepting sewer from Sixth 
street to East First street, through the Marine park and 
O street, to intercept sewage now emptying at East First 
street. 

This sewer will be about 2,200 feet long. 

Surveys have been made for the construction of this 



Report of City Engineer. 59 

sewer, and the work will be completed during the coming 
season. 

The construction of this sewer, together with Sections 8 
and 9, previously mentioned, will complete the extension of 
the Improved Sewerage System in South Boston, until further 
extensions are required by the filling of the flats to the line 
established by the Harbor and Land Commissioners. 

Dorchester. 

The extension of the present Dorchester intercepting 
sewer to Dorchester Lower Mills will require the construc- 
tion of about four miles of sewers. 

Plans and specifications were completed for part of this 
sewer, and the first section has been put under contract to 
Mr. A. A. Hall, for the estimated sum of $28,731.40, he 
being the lowest bidder. 

Work is progressing on this section, which is 2,090 feet 
in length, and it will probably be completed in July. 

Surveys for the other sections of the sewer are now in 
progress. 

Owing to the tact that the sewer is located almost entirely 
through private property, delay is experienced in making 
agreements with the owners of the land as to the exact location 
of the sewer. Construction will, however, be commenced on 
several sections in April, 1890, and the completion of the 
entire sewer is anticipated in 1891. 

In the original plan for the Improved Sewerage System for 
the City of Boston, provision was made for the future con- 
struction of the intercepting sewer to Dorchester, and a 
connection was left in the main sewer, near Mt. Vernon 
street in Dorchester. This connection was Ijuilt at a low 
grade, which was properly adjusted to the future extension 
of the sewer. 

In 1885 the Sewer Department was given authority by the 
city government to build the Dorchester intercepting sewer 
from its junction with the main sewer as far as Glover's 
Corner. The officials then in charge of the Sewer Depart- 
ment changed the grade of the sewer by raising it five feet 
above the height at which it was originally designed to be 
built. As a consequence, great difficulty is now experienced 
in extending this sewer as far as Dorchester Lower Mills ; 
and in order to properly intercept the sewage from the 
common sewer at Granite avenue, the intercepting sewer will 
have to be built at a very flat grade, and more labor will 
be required to keep it free from deposits than ^vould have 



60 City Document No. 39. 

been necessary if it could have been extended on the grade 
contemplated in the original design. 

The completion of the Dorchester intercepting sewer will 
furnish an outlet with which the towns of Dedham, Hyde 
Park, and Readville will in the future connect their sewers. 
This connection should yield a revenue to the City of Boston 
for the use of the outlet and the disposal of the sewage at 
Moon Island. The Neponset river will be purified, and a 
nuisance, now a source of constant complaint at the Lower 
Mills, will be mitigated. 

The amount of money expended on Improved Sewerage 
during the year past is $18,281.45. 

The main sewer, which extends up the Stony brook valley, 
and which this order proposed to extend, is a "common 
sewer. " This sewer is intercepted and brought in to the 
Improved Sewerage System at Elmwood street in Roxbury. 
While it is undoubtedly important that this common sewer 
should be extended as the order provided, it was manifestly 
outside of the provisions of the " Act to enable the City of 
Boston to extend its Improved Sewerage System," and the 
order failed to pass. 



Eeport or City Engineer. 61 



D.— PARKS. 

From the City Engineer's report to the Board of Park 
Commissioners : — 

The Parkway — Back Bay Fens. 

Excavation of Watenvay. — The dredger was employed 
during the early part of the season in completing the work 
of deepening the channel, as described in the last annual 
report ; the site of the proposed bridge at the junction of 
Audubon road and the Fenway has been dredged, and early 
in October, there being no other work which could be done 
by the dredger at present, the force was suspended. 

On December 17 work was resumed for a few days to 
excavate the earth dam left by the Sewer Department at the 
outlet of the new channel for Stony brook. This work has 
been finished, and until the channel from the Fen bridge to 
Brookline avenue can be built, there will be nothing for the 
dredger to do. 

Grading of Marsh. — The area of marsh land has been 
but slightly added to during the year, but considerable work 
has been done in seeding and sodding the areas previously 
graded. 

Drainage. — Catch-basins have lieen built in Audubon 
road, and drains laid for conveying the water collected by 
them into the channel. 

Roadways and Walks. — During the winter of 1888-9, 
7,015 tons of stone were purchased for surfacing roads and 
walks, and a small force of men and teams kept at work 
operating the crusher and piling the stone. The average 
cost of the stone delivered at the crusher was 93 cents per 
ton of 2,000 lbs., and the total cost of the crushed stone, 
including material, crushing, screening, teaming, depositing 
in piles, and all other expenses, was $1.54 per ton. The 
piles of crushed stone and screenings were also measured, 
and it was found that the product cost in the piles $2.05 per 
cubic yard. On January 30 a contract was made with James 
J. Vernon, of Lanesville, Mass., for furnishing curbstone 
for Audulwn road to the Fen bridge, and for the Fenway 
from Agassiz road to and including Huntington entrance. 
He delivered under this contract 6,248 lineal feet of curb- 
stone at $1.57 per lineal foot. 

A contract was also made with S. & P. J. Lombard for 
furnishing pavino;-blocks, under which there were delivered 
70,914 blocks, a"t $45 per M. 



62 



City Document No. 39. 



Seventeen hundred lineal feet of Audubon road southerly 
from Agassiz road have been macadamized, the curl^stone set, 
gutters paved, and the walk bordering the road on its east- 
erly side has been finished ; this road has not, however, been 
open to travel, there being at present no outlet at its south- 
erly end. 

In addition to the above the walk through the Fenside, 
southerly from a point near the easterly end of Agassiz road, 
has been nearly completed as far as the Stony-brook gate- 
house ; and from this point the walk has been sub-graded 
around the easterly and southerly sides of the basin to the 
junction of the Fenway and Audubon road, excepting the 
portion opposite Huntington entrance. 

The crushed stone, curbstone, and paving-blocks required 
for the completion of the Fenway between Westland and 
Huntington entrances and for Huntington entrance have 
been purchased, but the work has not been done, the Sewer 
Department not having yet completed its work at the outlet 
of the new channel for Stony brook. 

Grading of Slopes, Loaming, and Planting. — The large 
area described in the last annual report as graded has been 
planted, and nearly four acres, in addition, prepared for 
planting. 

The foundations for the bridge over the outlet of the new 
channel for Stony brook has been completed by the Sewer 
Department, but the superstructure is yet to be built. 

The following table gives the principal items of work com- 
pleted to date : — 







Per cent 
of whole. 


Channel, excavated 


1,148,000 sq. ft. . 


90 


Shore, completed . 


23,000 lin. ft. . 


82 


Marsh, 


828,000 sq. ft. . 


99 


Driveway, " 


46,500 sq. yds. 


52 


Walks, 


19,100 ""^ . 


37 


Kide, 


3,000 " . 


23 


Curbing, " 


22, 100 lin. ft. . 


59 


Gutters, 


10,200 sq. yds. 


53 


Area covered with loam 


867,000 sq. ft. . 


63 


Area planted 


711,000 sq. ft. . 


52 


Boundary fence 


4,000 lin. ft. . 


26 


Drains laid . 


5,545 " 




Catch-basins . 


65 




Man-holes . 


6 





Much work besides that included in the table has been but 
partially completed, and cannot yet be classified. 



Report of City Engineer. 63 

A considerable force has also been employed through the 
year in the care of the plantations, roads, walks, etc. 

Arnold Arboretuivi. 

The spring or well at the foot of Bussey hill has been 
covered, and the ground about it graded. On Sept. 19 work 
was begun on the grading of the driveway leading from the 
presentTroad to the Walter-street entrance, and the work is 
now in progress. One of the culverts over the brook has 
been built. The other work done during the year has been 
that required for the care of the roads and of the plantations 
on the city's reservation at the summit of Bussey hill. 

Franklin Park. 

Drives and Walhs. — During the year the Old Trail road, 
Seaver street, opposite Humboldt avenue, to the westerly 
end of the Greeting, and the adjacent walks, have been com- 
pleted. 

Glen lane has been completed from Glen road to a point 
300 feet lieyond the Valley gate, and for 600 feet farther has 
been sub-graded. 

The circuit drive has been completed from the Valley-gate 
entrance to near the corner of Walnut and Ellicott streets, 
and the walks in its vicinity are nearly finished. The walks 
in the rear of the Play stead Shelter have been completed. 
About 1,200 lineal feet of the Loop road in the Wilderness 
have been sub-graded, and a portion of it covered with stone. 
Work is now in progress sub-grading the drive from the 
present terminus of the circuit drive to the top of Scarboro' 
Hill. 

Playstead, Shelter, and Green. — A spring near the junction 
of the Playstead road and the Greeting has been preserved 
and carried by a pipe across the road to a rustic fountain, or 
covered pool, where it furnishes a continuous flow of good 
drinking-water. A flag and pennant were purchased for the 
large flagstafi", and the pennant has been displayed on every 
pleasant day except Sundays and holidays, when the ensign 
has been shown. 

Gatevai/s. — The Valley gate, at the entrance to the 
Country park, from the Playstead district, has been com- 
pleted in accordance with the description given in the last 
annual report. 

Boundary Wall for the Country Par-k. — A wall has been 
built along the southerly side of Glen road and of Glen lane 



64 City Document No. 39. 

from the westerly boundary of the park to a point on Glen 
lane about 900 feet east of the Valley gate. 

EUicott Arch. — This bridge, which is a brick masonry 
arch, 71 feet in length, 17.5 feet in span, and 15 feet in 
height above the walk, has been completed. The ends of the 
arch and the adjoining retaining-walls are of rustic masonry, 
built of field stone found in the vicinity. Arched recesses 
were constructed along the sides, in which seats are to be 
placed. 

Ellicottdale. — This ground was generally a rocky swamp, 
and its treatmen tinvolved a large amount of labor ; hundreds 
of boulders had to be broken and removed, and nearly the 
whole area required to be sul)-drained ; much of the ground 
also needed grading, in order to make it suitable for its in- 
tended use. This work, with the exception of ploughing 
and seeding, has been nearly finished. 

Drainage of Nazingdale. — About two-fifths of the whole 
park is included in one drainage area, the outlet for which is 
through a culvert under Canterbury street. At the head of 
this drainage area is the easterly portion of the Playstead 
and a part of Long Crouch woods. Consequently, a main 
drain extending through the valley would l)e nearly a mile 
in lengih, and at its lower end would be about five feet in 
diameter. It had been thought that the summer flow of 
water from the valley would be so slight that an open chan- 
nel or brook would be unsightly in dry weather, but the 
expense of a covered drain being so great, it was determined 
to make an open channel through the lower part of the val- 
ley. This channel has been treated so as to have the 
appearance of a natural brook, and work upon it is nearly 
finished. At the lower part of the valley a temporary dam 
has been built, which floods about three acres of ground for a 
small skating-pond. The covered drain ends at a point 
about fifty feet south of the old location of William street, 
and above this point the main drain, with the exception of 
about 150 feet, has been completed as far as the Old Trail 
road. 

The following table gives the principal items of work com- 
pleted to date, but it does not include all the work done, a 
large amount of labor and materials having been expended 
on work which has not been sufiiciently finished to admit of 
classification : — 

Drive-ways completed . . 45,000 sq. yds., or 2| miles. 

Walks completed . . . 27,500 sq. yds., or 3| miles. 

Gutters paved . . . 8,600 sq. yds. 

Curbstone set . . . 2,700 lin. ft. 



Report of City Engineer. 65 



6-in. water-pipe laid 


3,000 lin. ft. 


Hydrants . . . . 


6 


Drinking-fountains 


5 


Bridge . . . . 


1 


Boundary wall 


2,700 lin. ft. 


2 ft. [) in. brick drain . 


450 " 


2 ft. X 2 ft. 6 in. brick drain, 


180 " 


2-ft. brick drain . 


769 " 


18-in. pipe dram . 


1,860 " 


15-in. pipe drain . 


2,239 " 


12-in. pipe drain . 


1,351 " 


10-in. pipe drain . 


1,134 " 


8-in. pipe drain 


4,787 " 


4-in. pipe drain 


190 " 


4-in. agricultural tile drain . 


2,100 " 


3-in. agTicultural tile drain . 


2,420 " 


2-in. agricultural tile drain . 


24,613 " 


Total drain . . . . 


42,093 «« 


]Man-holes . . . . 


27 


Catch-l)asins and inlets . 


80 


Open channel for brook 


2,300 lin. ft. 


Area of ground graded and 




planted, or seeded 


62 acres. 



There have also been roughly graded or sub-graded about 
3,300 lineal feet of drive- way. 



Marine Park. 

Iron Pier. — The four spans contracted for Oct. 20, 1888, 
have been completed, and this addition to the pier was 
opened to the public on Augaist 29. One other span, to con- 
nect the iron pier with the pier-head, has been contracted for, 
and will be put in place as soon as the work on the pier-head 
is sutficiently advanced. 

Pier-Head. — On March 23 a contract was made with 
Joseph E. White for the construction of the pier-head, and 
this work is now in progi-ess. The structure consists of an 
island, somewhat pear-shaped in plan, built of gravel, with 
its outer line protected by a sloping wall of ballast and rip- 
rap, surmounted ])y a parapet of cut granite. 

At the side toward the iron pier there is an abutment of 
masonry laid in cement mortar, and in the centre a circular 
wall has been built, to serve as a foundation for an iron 
structure. The gTade of the surface of the pier-head is to 
be about fifteen feet above city base. This artificial island 



QQ City Document No. 39. 

is filled on a mud foundation, and consequently there will be 
more or less settlement for several years. 

FiJUiig. — October 5 a contract was made for furnishing 
200,000 cubic yards of filling to grade the southerly portion 
of the park. About 25,000 cubic yards have been depos- 
ited to date. 

Wood Island Park. 

On September 19 the excavation of the site of the pro- 
posed playgi'ound and the grading of the concourse near the 
bridge over the railroad was conmienced, and this work is 
now in progress. 

Charlesbank. 

Plantations. — The entire area of the park, excepting the 
walks and gymnastic grounds, has been planted during the 
past season. 

Lamps. — Gas-lamps have been placed along the river 
wall, and since July 28 they have been lighted at night. 

Buildings. — The old l)rick building which was used for a 
temporary office has been removed, and a new building, near 
the northerly boat-landing, has been constructed by W. H. 
Keyes & Co. , under the direction of the City Architect. The 
building is 20 feet by 50 feet on the ground, and is 
two stories in height. The lower story contains offices 
for the police and foreman, storerooms for tools, etc., and 
a room for the use of the boat-keeper. The upper story is 
divided into two rooms, one of which contains water-closets, 
urinals, and lavatories, and the other is the entrance to the 
gymnastic ground, and is provided with boxes for clothing. 

This room is connected with the gymnastic ground by a 
bridge over the walk and bicycle track, with stairs from its 
outer end leading to the ground, and the only entrance to 
and exit from the gymnastic ground is through turnstiles at 
the entrance to the bridge. 

Gi/mnastic Ground. — The gymnastic ground was opened 
to the public on August 27. This ground has been provided 
with apparatus consisting of 2 sheds, with 10 sets of chest 
weights in each, 2 giant stride poles, 12 sets of horizontal 
bars, 8 sets of parallel bars, 6 jumping-boxes, 7 sets of boxes 
for quoit pitching, hammer and shot throwing, and two large 
frames, each 160 feet long, to which are attached swings, tra- 
pezes, ropes and poles for climbing, ladders, flying-rings, etc. 
Around the outside of the ground there is a running and 
bicycle track, 15 feet wide and one-fifth of a mile long. The 
apparatus was designed from sketches furnished by D. A. 



Report of City Engineer. 67 

Sargent, M.D., Professor of Physical Culture of Harvard 
University. Two drinking-fountains have been erected 
within the enclosure. The grounds at the southerly end of 
the park have been rearranged to conform to a new plan for 
a girls' gymnasium and children's playground. 

Muddy-river and Stony-brook Covered Channels. — These 
remain in the ^ame condition as described in the last annual 
report. 



REFERENCE LIBRARY. 

I have the pleasure of acknowledging a donation to the 
Reference Library of this department of a number of pamph- 
lets. Among these were 109 repoi-ts and papers relating to 
the Boston Water-Supply, which are of special value, and 
have been bound for their better preservation. 

These reports were from the library of the late Hon. N. J. 
Bradlee, a former president of the Cochituate Water Board, 
and were presented to the department by Mrs. Bradlee. 



Wn)THS OF DRAW-OPENINGS. 

The table showing the widths of draw-openings in the 
bridges over tide-water in this city is given in Appendix A. 
The openings have all been remeasured for this report. 

WILLIAM JACKSON, 

City Engineer. 



CITY ENGINEERS, 

1850-1889. 



E. S. CHESBROUGH, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
Nov. 18, 1850, to Oct. 1, 1855.^ 

JAMES SLADE, 

Oct. 1, 1855, to April 1, 1863.^ 

N. HENRY CRAFTS, 

AprU 1, 1863, to Nov. 25, 1872. 

JOSEPH P. DAVIS, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
Nov. 25, 1872, to March 20, 1880.' 

HENRY M. WIGHTMAN, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
April 5, 1880, to April 3, 1885.* 

WILLIAM JACKSON, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
April 21, 1885, to present time. 



iDied August 18, 1886. s Resigned March 20, 

« Died August 25, 1882. * Died April 5, 1885. 



APPENDICES 



72 



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If 







City Document No. 39. 

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Appendix. 73 

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74 



City Document No. 39. 



i 


»C CO t-I 00 o> 

2 2 2 2 2 



l-H .-H <N 



\ s 













CONTENTS CITY ENGINEER'S REPORTS, 

1868-1889.1 



Adams-street bridge (over O. C. R.R.). 



Adams-street survey. . . . 
Additional water-supply. 



Agassiz bridge (in B. B. Fens) 

Albany-street bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) 



Albany-street bridge (over Roxbury canal) , 



Albany-street pipe-yard sea-wall . 
Albany-street wall 



Year. 


Doc. 


1885 


54 


1886 
1887 
1868 


41 
38 
22 


1874 


20 


1875 
1876 


19 
24 


1877 
1878 
1879 


15 
20 
22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1889 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1888 


39 


1868 


22 



Page. 



23 
20 
16 
29 
16 
12 
8 
37 
35 
32 
27 
27 
60 
33 
5 
6, 64 
21 
37 
69 
46 
35 
38 
32 
24 
26 
22 
17 
16 
19 
19. 
19 
22 
18 
14 
14 
15 
17 
29 
54 



given are for the year in which the document was published. 



76 



City Document No. 39. 



Alford-street sea-wall 

Algae 

Aqueducts and distributing reservoirs 

Army and navy monument 

Arnold Arboretum, P 

Artesian borings, M. D 

Ashland-street bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 

Ashmont-street bridge (over O. C. R.R.) 

Athens-street bridge (over N. Y. & N. E. R.R.) . 

U l( (( (( (( u 

(( (1 <( U (( t( 

Atlantic-avenue filling 

" retaining- wall, near Russia wharf 

' ' soundings 

' ' sea-wall 

' ' sidewalk 

' ' survey 

Back Bay : — 

" " bridges 

" " Fens 

" " filling 



Tear. 


Doc. 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1880 


33 


1889 


38 


1875 


19 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1878 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1884 


54 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


37 


1871 


15 


1875 


19 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1883 


53 


1885 


54 


1870 


14 


1873 


23 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 



Appendix. 



77 



Back Bay filling 1885 



improvement 



park 



Basins, Water-Works : — 
Nos. 2, 3, 4 

Basin No. 4 

" " 5 

Basin 1 dam 

" 2 " 

" 3 " 

" 2 shallow flowage, 
" 3 " " . 



Beaclimont avenue 

Beacon-entrance bridge: — 
(B. B. Fens, over B. & A. R.R.)- 




1886 
1887 
1879 
1885 
1889 



Beacon-hill high-service, W.W. 

Beacon street 

" " raising grade . . . . 
pipe 



Beacon street and Brookline avenue 

Beacon-street bridge (over B. & A. R.R. 



Beacon-street bridge (over outlet of B. B. Fens pond 
see, also, Mill-dam bridge) 



Beacon-street widening 



Beacon-street and Commonwealth-avenue bridges 
Beech-street bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 



1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1871 
1883 
1887 
1887 
1888 
1885 
1873 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 



78 



City Document No. 39. 



Subject. 






Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Beech-street bridge (over B. & P. E.K.J 


1884 


55 


20 


" " " " " 


1885 


54 


23 


" " '« " " 


1886 


41 


20 


" " " " " [ [ 


1887 


38 


15 


" " " " " ............. 


1888 


39 


15 


Bellevue-avenue bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 


1887 


38 


15 


" " " " " 


1888 


39 


15 


Bennington-street extension 


1887 


38 


16 


Berkeley-street bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) 


1868 


22 


23 


a a u 


' " 


1870 


14 


38 


a a << I 


< " 


1871 


15 


69 


<( u a < 


' " 


1873 


23 


47 


(( i< << < 


' «' 


1874 


20 


22 


it U << i 


< " 


1875 


19 


21 


(( (. I. 


' " 


1876 


24 


14 


« <( U i 


' " 


1877 


15 


8 


It U << i 


' '< 


1878 


20 


8 


(( << << 


' " 


1879 


22 


8 


({ .< <( ( 


' " 


1880 


33 


7 


«( <« <i < 


' " 


1881 


25 


7 


«« C( (( I 


< '. 


1882 


52 


10 


u a n i 


' " ............ 


1883 


53 


8 


(( <( .4 i 


' " ............ 


1884 


55 


8 


i< <( << 


' " ............ 


1885 


54 


8 


i< U 4< . 


« >i ............ 


1886 


41 


9 


(< <( u < 


' " ............ 


1887 


38 


7 


<( <( (< . 


> «' . . ] 1 . . . 


1888 


39 


7 


<( <( u < 


' ♦' . . .......... 


1888 


117 


6 


U <i << . 


<■ " 


1889 


38 


7 


Berkeley-street bridge (over B. 


& P. R.R. jl. '*.".*.! ;!!!". 


1870 


14 


39 


a it ii i 


' " 


1871 


15 


70 


«« (( a I 


« " .!.....!.!!. 


1873 


23 


47 


« a (« I 


' «' 


1874 


20 


22 


(i It .< < 


' " !!...!..]]]. 


1875 


19 


21 


« .< u < 


< '< ........ 


1876 


24 


14 


<l U 4» < 


' < < * ' 


1877 


15 


8 


« C< <( < 


< «< 


1878 


20 


9 


C( <l <( 4 


' " 


1879 


22 


8 


U 11 <« t 


' " 


1880 


33 


7 


<( u u • 


< " 


1881 


25 


8 


CC (< u < 


( " 


1882 


52 


10 


(1 U 11 < 


' «< 


1883 


53 


8 


t4 <( <( ( 


' " 


1884 


55 


8 


<< I. U I 


' '< 


1885 


54 


9 


<i « <4 4 


« « 


1880 


41 


10 


<( (I <« . 


< " 


1887 


38 


7 


« «< l( . 


' " 


1888 


39 


7 


K U U < 


' " 


1888 


117 


6 


U I. t( 4 


' " 


1889 


38 


7 


Berkeley-Street retaining-walls 


1871 


15 


49 


" " ... 




1874 


20 


37 


" " 




1877 


15 


26 


Berwick-park retaining-wall 




1876 


24 


35 


Blakemore-street bridge (over B. & 


p." R.R.")"". '.".!!'.'.. 


1881 


25 


22 


U H U I 


" 


1882 


52 


10, 20 


<< ..( (( i 


«< 


1883 


53 


9 


<< u <. « 


" ........ 


1884 


55 


8 


i. ii a i 


" ........ 


1885 


54 


9 


a a «( 


' 


« 


1880 


41 


10 



Appendix. 



79 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Blakemorc-street 

B. & A. R.R. brid 

Boilers, Chestnut 
" Highland 
" Mystic 

Boylston-street ar 


bridge (over B. & P. R.E.) 

ge (over Park water-way) 


1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1882 
1883 
1888 
1878 
1884 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1885 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1876 
1868 
1870 
1871 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 


38 
39 

117 
38 
52 
53 
39 
20 
55 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 

117 
38 
54 
38 
39 

117 
38 
38 
38 
38 
24 
22 
14 
15 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 

117 
38 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 


7 
7 
6 
8 
45 
49 


-hill Puniping-station 


17 
31 




34 




41 




44 


" 


" 


49 
8, 50 


t< ( 


i i< 


9, 50 


U i. 


i ii 


10 


.1 I 


t .< 


7 


<( < 


t <( 


7 


l( I 


( a 


6 


(1 I 


< u 


8 


Boylston-street bi 

Boylston-street b 
Boylston-street ex 


idge (over B. & A. R.R.) 


50 
16 


u u a ii 


16 


11 << a i( 


7 


It << i< ii 


8, 19 


" test of eye-bars 

" lUiistration 

ulkhead 


20 
19 
21 


tension 


33 




15 




27 


,4 


53 


„ 


3, 36 


,, 


17 


,, 


15 


., 


9 


.1 


3 


,1 


3 


., 


3 


.1 


3 


.1 


3 


,1 


3, 44 


,, 


3 


ti 


3 


<, 


3 


<( 


3 


w 


3 


.4 


3 


I, 


2 


«l 


3 


Bridges supporte 


1 by railroad corporations 


37 




38 


" " 


32 
25 


<( u 


27 


i. il 


23 


U .( 


18 


<1 41 


17 


<< a 


19 


u 


19 



80 



City Document No. 39. 



Bridges supported by railroad corporations 



Bridges supported hy railroad corporations : — 
Adams-street bridge (over 0. C. ll.R.) . 



Ashmont-street 
Beech-street 



(over B. &P. E.R). 



Bellevue-avenue bridge" 



Canterbury-street 
Centre-street 



and Mt. VCrnon- street bridge 
(overB. & P. R.R.) 



Commercial-street bridge (over 0. C. R.R.) . . 



Cottage Farm 
Dudlej'-avenue 



(overB. & A. R.R.).. 
(over B. & P. R.R.) . . 



Fourth-street bridge (over N.Y. & N.E. R.R.) 
Harrison-avenue " (over B. & A. R.R) .... 



Norfolk-street 



Park-street 
Second-street 



Sharon-street 
Silver-street 
Sixth-street 
Third-street 



(over N.Y. & N.E. R.R.) 

(overB. & P. R.R.) 
(over N.Y. & N. E. R.R.) 



(over B. & P. R.R.) . 
(over N.Y. & N. E. R.R.) 



Tremont-street " (over B. & A. R.R.) 



Tear. 


Doc. 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1884 


55 


1878 


20 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1883 


53 


1881 


25 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1888 


39 


1881 


25 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1889 


38 


1881 


25 


1884 


55 


1884 


55 


1878 


20 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1880 


33 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1888 


39 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1880 


33 


1878 


20 


1878 


20 


1877 


15 


1887 


15 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 



Appendix. 



81 



Bridges supported by railroad corporations : — 

Tremont-street bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) .. . 

Washington-street bridge (over B. & A. E.R.) 



Bridges over the B., H., & E. R.R., special report. 

Bridges, extension West Chester park 

Brighton survey 

Brighton temporary high-service works, W. W 



Brighton pumping-works, W.W. 



Brimmer-street sewer, M.D 

Broadway bridge (over Fort-point channel) , 



Broadway bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) , 



Broadway extension 

Broadway extension (over B. & A. R.R 

Brookline avenue 



raising pipe 

Brookline-avenue bridge (over B. & A. R.R.), 



Brookiine-avenue bridge (over Muddy river) , 



Year. 


Doc. 


1888 


39 


1881) 


38 


1885 


54 


1881) 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1874 


20 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1877 


15 


1880 


33 


1878 


20 


1871) 


22 


1884 


55 


1870 


14 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1884 


55 


1883 


53 


1885 


54 


1873 


23 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1874 


20 



15 
18 
23 
20 
15 
15 
5, 18 
62 
37 
12 
33 
24 
31 
27 
42 
27 
38 
22, 50 
21 
14 



10 
10 
8 
7 
7 
8 

14, 30 

15, 26 
42 
19 
21 
20 
25 
34 
35 

3, 10 
11 
8 
7 
7 
9 
23 



City Document No. 39. 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Brookline-avenue bridge (ovpt IVTnrldvrivfir^ 


1875 


19 


24 




[ \ 


11 


1876 

1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 


24 
15 
20 
22 
33 


20 


(i u 




9 


il it 




10 


u u 




9 


(( (1 




8 


(( 11 


: :: 




1881 

1882 
1883 


25 

52 
53 


8 


« a 




11 


a a 




10 


(( (1 


1 11 




1884 
1885 


55 
54 


9 


Bulkhead at First and Q streets, So. 


Boston 


24 




1889 


38 


21 




1887 


38 


17 




1888 


39 


17 


" " Ferdinand ' 




1884 
1888 


55 
39 


22 




26 




1884 


55 


52 


Cambridge-street bridge (Brighton 




1885 
1886 

1874 
1875 
1876 


54 
41 

20 
19 


61 




47 


to Cambridge) 


32 
34 
30 


u 


1 ,1 


24 


<« X u 


11 11 


1877 


15 


21 


<> <l u 


1 11 


1878 


20 


20 


<( 11 >> 


1 11 


1879 


22 


19 


<( a '< 


1 11 


1880 


33 


12 


<< i( <> 


1 11 


1881 


25 


13 


11 <i <( 


1 11 


1882 


52 


16 


(( li (< 


11 11 


1883 


53 


15 


(C 11 11 


11 11 


1884 


55 


16 


11 i( (1 


11 a 


1885 


54 


19 


l( 11 11 


11 11 


1886 


41 


16 


l( 11 11 


11 11 


1887 


38 


11 


11 11 11 


11 11 


1888 


39 


12 


11 11 11 


11 11 


1888 


117 


12, 18 


<1 U 11 


" " 


1889 


38 


14,21 


11 " proposed 


1887 


38 


18 


Cambridge-street crossing (over B. & A. R.R.) 


1882 


52 


25 


Camden-street foot-bri 

Pannl hrirlofp ^Rn«tnn f 




1885 
1886 
1873 


54 
41 
23 


23 




20 


Cambridge "> 


29 










1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 


20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 


35,48 
38, 50 


<i 11 1 




32, 41 


11 a I 




25, 43 


11 11 i 




27 


11 11 1 




23 


11 i« 1 




17 


u U 1 




16 


i( 11 ( 




i it 


1882 


52 


19 


till 1 




1 11 




1883 
1884 


53 
55 


19 


it «i < 




19 


(( (1 1 




1 11 
1 11 




1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 


54 
41 

38 
39 
117 


22 


• 1 11 1 




19 


U 11 I 




14 


11 .1 1 




15 


11 U 1 




15 


11 11 1 






11 




1889 


38 


17 



Appendix. 



83 



Year, 


Doc. 


1883 


53 


1873 


23 


1876 


24 


1878 


20 


1873 


23 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


188-1 


55 


1886 


41 


1888 


39 


1881 


25 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1875 


19 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1876 


24 


1889 


38 


1874 


20 



Page. 



Canterbury-Street bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 

Castle-street retaining-wall 

Cedar Grove Cemetery bridge (over Shawmut Branch of 

O. C. R.R.) 

Cement tests, M. D 

Cemetery Avail, East Boston 

Central-avenue bridge (to Milton) 

(( (I (( 

Centre-street bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 

Centre-street and Mt. Vernon-street bridge (over B. & 
P. R.R.) 



Change-avenue survey 

Change of location of the Eastern and B. & A. R.R 

East Boston 

Charles-river bridge (Boston to Charlestown) 

Charles-river embankment .'. 

" " work completed 

' ' dredging 

Charles and Neponset river bridges 

Chelsea bridge (Charlestown to Chelsea) 



19 
24 

33 
39 
85 
21 
21 
19 
13 
13 
16 
16 
16 
20 
16 
12 
12 
13 
14 
20 
20 
15 

17 
20 
23 
20 
18 
29 

41 

24, 43 

24.48 

21 

9 

10 

10 

8 

9 

11 

10 

10 

10 

11 

8 

8 

7 

9 

53 

52 

48 

30 

36 

68 

68 

38 

21 



84 



City Docibient No. 39. 



Subject. 


Year. 


DO. 


Page. 


Chelsea bridge (Charlestown to Chelsea) 


1875 


19 


34 




1876 


24 


30, 46 


U (1 

Chelsea bridge 


tt It 


1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 


15 
20 
22 
33 


22 


It It 


21 


It It . , 


20 


U 11 


13 


, North (Mystic River Corporation's wharf 




to Chelsea) 


1881 


25 


13 




1882 


52 


16 


l< <. U .( u << » 


1883 


53 


16 


«< << (C U 11 11 u 


1884 


55 


16 


n u <t a u a <> 


1885 


54 


20 


X U .( << it l< (( 


188C 


41 


16 


.( U It tt It It it 


1887 


38 


12 


It tt <t 11 11 It tt 


1888 


39 


12 


It <t It II It tt It 


1888 


117 


13 


It 11 (1 It 11 ti It 


1889 


38 


15 


Chelsea bridge, South (over South Channel, Mystic 








river) ... 


1881 


25 


13 




1882 


52 


11 


It 11 11 It 11 It ti 


1883 


53 


11 


11 tt 11 11 It It 11 


1884 


55 


10 


It It It It It tt It 


1885 


54 


11 


ti 11 It It It 11 11 


188G 


41 


11 


It ti It It It tt It 


1887 


38 


8 


tt 11 It 11 ti 11 11 


1888 


39 


8 


It 11 11 It 11 11 It 


1888 


117 


8 


It It It It It It II 


1889 


38 


9 


Chelsea-bridge water-pipe box 


1888 


39 


23 


Chelsea-st- brkVf rF^ast Rostnn to ChRlsfia'i 


1868 


22 


20 






' 1' 11 " 


1870 
1871 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 


14 
15 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 


34 


< 




55 


4 




41 


t 




24 


t 




24 


. 




21 


1 




10 


t 




10 


t 




10 


, 




8 


t 




9 






12 


1 






1883 

1884 
1885 
1886 
1888 


53 
55 
54 
41 
39 


11 


, 




10 


, 




11 


( 




12 


t 




8 


t 






1888 
1889 
1883 


117 
38 
53 


8 


, 




9 


Chester-park s 


pwpr M T) 


39 


Chester-park, East '. 


1882 


52 


24 


Chester-park, West, Extension, bridges 


1874 


20 


37 


Chestnut-hill reservoir. Water-Works 


1868 


22 


25 




1 11 


1871 


15 


5 


1 


' puiuping-station 


1888 


39 


19 


t 


' " boilers 


1888 


39 


17 


1 


' " desnrintion of 


1889 


38 


51 


, 




" iron roof 


1888 
1868 


39 
22 


17 


Church-street 


District .. 


31 



Appendix. 



85 



Church-street District, filling. 
Clarke's reports 



Cleaning water-pipe 

Cochituate Water- Works . 



" and Sudbury river. 

Columbus-ave. bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) . 



Commercial-point, or Tenean, bridge. 



Commercial-street bridge (over 0. C. R.R.), 
Commonwealth- avenue bridge (B. B. Fens). 



Year. 


Doc. 


1870 


14 


1880 
1881 


33 
25 


1883 


53 


1884 

1885 
1887 
1875 


55 
54 
38 
19 


1876 

1877 
1878 


24 
15 
20 


1879 
1880 
1881 


22 
33 
25 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1881 


25 


1884 


55 


1882 


52 



Page. 



15 
40 
81 
33 
39 
41 
23 
6 
4 
31 
30 
26 
23 
24 
4 
31 
40 
70 
47 
26 
25, 55 
21 
10 
11 
10 
9 
9 
12 
11 
11 
11 
12 



10 
36 
59 
41 
26 
25 
21,43 
10 
13 
10 
9 
9 
12 
11 
11 
12 
12 



City Document No. 39. 



Subject. 


Tear. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Commonwealth-avenue bridge (B B. Fens) .... 


1883 
1884 
1885 


53 
55 
54 


11, 49 




11 


11 ii c> 


12 


(( (t u 


1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 


41 
38 
39 
117 
38 


12 


.. 4< <4 


9 


I. « .1 


8 


<< U (I 


8 


.« 


10 




1881 
1882 


25 
52 


20 




22 


4i U 


1884 


55 


21 


(C 


1885 


64 


27 


11 (( 


1886 
1873 


41 
23 


21 


Condor-street sea-wall 


35 




1874 
1875 
1876 
1875 
1876 
1877 


20 
19 
24 
19 
24 
15 


6 




7 


U U il 


5 


Congress-Street bridge (over Fort-point channel) 


27 


<< 


11 


(( << il u «< 


1878 


20 


13 


«« .< <« '« " 


1879 


22 


10 


«< <1 '< " " 


1880 


33 


9 


a " " " '< 


1881 


25 


9 


«' 'i " 't " 


1882 


52 


12 


«« «' " " " 


1883 


53 


12 


«< << <' " " 


1884 


55 


11 


n '< '< " «' 


1885 


54 


12 


" " " " «' 


1886 


41 


12 


<« " '< " " 


1887 


38 


9 


<« " «< " «' 


1888 


39 


9 


«' " '< « " 


1888 


117 


9 


" «' " '< «' 


1889 


38 


10 


Cono'ress-street survey . . . 


1868 
1887 
1888 
1871 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 


22 
38 
39 
15 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
54 
41 
38 
39 


28 


Construction and maintenance M D. . 


29 




30 




39 




7 


<< <i 


8 


a << 


5 


.< u 


32 


(( t( 


30 


a a 


27 


it << 


24 


ii li 


24 


u a 


28 


X ii 


27 


<( « 


28 


u n 


31 


<( «4 


25 


(( u 


19 


«« I. 


18 


(( <( 


45 




28 




32 




24 


li u u 


25 


Cottage Farm bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) 

Covered channel, Stonv brook 


1884 
1881 


55 
25 


20 
43 



Appendix. 



87 



Subject. 


Tear. 


Doc. 


Page. 




1882 


52 


46 




1883 
1884 


53 
55 


52 


(( X u <> 


51 


(( 11 l( << 


1885 
1889 


54 
38 


50 


(( 11 u a 


69 


Covered channel Muddy river 


1883 


53 


52 




1884 


55 


62 


li .< 11 ii 


1885 


54 


50 


<i a << u 


1886 


41 


47 


>( <i it << 


1888 


39 


36 


<l << <( u 


1889 


58 


69 




1889 


38 


22 


Cucumber t<iste 


1882 
1888 


62 
39 


26 


Cumberland-street bulkhead 


17 


^-street extension 


1881 


25 


22 




1883 
1870 


53 
14 


20 


" " bridge 


44 




1889 
1885 


38 
54 


22 




28 


Dartmouth-street bridge (over B. & A. and B. & P. R.R.) 


1870 


14 


41 


U li (1 ii l( u 


1871 


15 


70 


<< U 14 4C << U 


1873 


23 


48 


a a a it ll it 


1874 


20 


26 


<t a i( << << << 


1875 


19 


26 


i( << a i( <4 (C 


187G 


24 


26 


li (i u <; ii u 


1877 


15 


11, 46 


a a <( <t i; i( 


1878 


20 


14 


i< u w 11 a it 


1879 


22 


11 


11 1( (( (( (( il 


1880 


33 


9 


a a a u a a 


1881 


25 


10 


a a a a a n 


1882 


52 


13 


a a a a a n 


1883 


53 


12 


« a a a a a 


1884 


55 


12 


a a a a u a 


1885 


54 


12 


a a a a <i a 


1886 


41 


13 


<< <i a a a a 


1887 


38 


9 


a a n il a a 


1888 


39 


9 


a a a a a a 


1888 


117 


9 


a a <( (( .. « 


1889 


38 


10 


Deacon meters 


1882 
1883 


52 
53 


32 




28 


il u 


1885 


54 


33 


Deer-Island fire-service 


1882 
1871 
1871 


62 
16 
15 


29 




40 


' ' water-pipe 


21 




1873 
1876 


23 
24 


31 


wharf 


37,44 


(( (< 


1882 
1880 
1886 


52 
33 
41 


23,25 




22 


i( (( a u 


21 


Deposit sewers, M. D 


1886 


41 


41 




1887 


38 


27 


It il a 


1888 


39 


28 




1889 


38 


51 


Devonshire-Street survey, between Milk and Water sts., 


1868 


22 


28 


Distribution system, water-supply 


1874 


20 


11 




1875 
1876 


19 

24 


10 


(( (< 


7 



88 



City Document No. 39. 



Distribution system 



Dorchester-avenue grade-crossing 

Dorchester Point, South Boston, P. . . : 

Dorchester-street bridge (over O. C. R.K.) . 



Dorchester street (Washington Village), survey be- 
tween Middle street and 0. C. R.R. bridge. . 

Dover-street bridge (over Fort-point channel) , 



Dover-street connection, M. D. 
Dover-street grade-crossing . . 
Drainage, P 



Draw-tenders' reports, giving number of vessels pass- 
ing through drawbridges 



Year. 


Doc. 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1885 


54 


1884 


55 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


188G 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


18G8 


22 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1883 


53 


1885 


54 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1882 


52 



Page. 



33 
32 
28 
25 
22 
23 
56 
29 
53 
43 
70 
48 
28 
26 
26 
11 
14 
23 
17 
17 
19 
19 
19 
23 
20 
15 
15 
16 
18 

29 
16 
29 
54 
42 
28, 58 
26 
26 
11 
14 
15 
9 
10 
13 
13 
12 
12 
13 
9 
9 
9 
11 
37 
29 
31 



48 



Appendix . 



89 



Draw-tenders' reports, giving number of vessels \ 
passing through drawbridges j 

Dredging in Roxbury canal and Charles river 

Driveways , P 

Dudley-avenue bridge (over B. & P. K.R.) 

Dumping-scow, M. D 

E^ist Boston cemetery-wall 

" " new main, W.W 

East Boston ferries 

" " " new drop 

East Boston high-service works . . 

East Boston streets 

East Boston 24-inch main 

East Chester-park extension 

Eastern and Northern avenue sea-walls, etc 

Eastern-avenue bridge {see Congress-street bridge) 

Eastern-avenue extension = 

Eastern-avenue steamboat wharf 

Ellicott arch, P 

Ericsson statue 

Embankment wall, P 

Enlargement of water-pipes in East Boston 

Essex-street bridge (Brighton to Cambridge) 

Estimate for 30-in. pipe, Charles-street bridge. .. . 

" 24-in. " " " .... 
" " 30-in. " Meridian-street bridge 

" 2-t-in. " " " 

Estimates 

Evaporation, water surfaces, W.'W 

Everett-street bridge (over R. B. & L. R.R.) 



Page. 



1883 

1884 
1885 
1886 
1876 
1886 
1878 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1886 

1873 
1871 
1888 
1873 
1883 
1885 
1888 
1889 
1871 
1881 
1868 
1889 
1882 
1873 
1875 
1874 
1876 
1886 
1889 
1888 
1883 
1884 
1871 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1871 
1871 
1871 
1871 
1889 
1877 
1877 



53 

55 
54 
41 
24 
41 
20 
41 
38 
39 
41 

23 
15 
39 
23 
53 
54 
39 
38 
15 
25 
22 
38 
52 
23 
19 
20 
24 
41 
38 
39 
53 
55 
15 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
83 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
15 
15 
15 
15 
38 
15 
15 



54 

54, 56 
54, 56 
52, 54 
38 
47 
27 
20 
15 
15 
23 



23 
33 
21 
28 
17 
22 
70 
26 
34 
57 
24 
36 
27 
37 
38 
21 
65 
17 
50 
51 
32 
35 
30 
23 
23 
21 
13 
15 
17 
16 
16 
20 
17 
12 
12 
13, 18 
15, 21 



90 



City Document No. 39. 



Excavation of water-way, P. 



Expenses 



Experiments on the evaporation from water surfaces. 

W.W 

Extension, Broadway 



(overB. & A. K.R.) 



Chester park, East 

" •' West (bridges), 
D street 



Eastern avenue . . . . 
First and Q streets. 
Huntington avenue. 



Extension, Swett street. 



Extension of East Ninth street. . . . 

" " Kilby street 

" " W.W., Dorchester . 

" " " Roxbury .... 

Extracts from Mr. Clarke's report 



I^almouth- street filling 



Year. 


Doc. 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


64 


1886 


41 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1877 


15 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1884 


55 


1882 


52 


1874 


20 


1881 


25 


1883 


53 


1874 


20 


1873 


23 


1882 


52 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1873 


23 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1887 


38 


1868 


22 


1871 


15 


1871 


15 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1883 


53 



Appendix. 



91 



Falmouth-street filling. 
Farm pond 



conduit . 



temporary channel 

Federal-street bridge (over Fort-point channel) . 



Federal-st. survey, between Summer and First sts. 
Ferdinand-street bridge (over B. & A. K.R.) 



Ferdinand-street bulkhead 
Filling, P 



Filth-hoist 

Filtration, Mystic river , 



Tear. 


Doc. 


1884 


55 


1874 


20 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1882 


62 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1880 


33 



21 
17 
47,48 
31 
34 
26 
20 
27 
17 
30 
54 
42 
29 
28 
26 
13 
15 

9 
10 
13 
13 
12 
13 
13 

9 

9 
9, 19 
11, 22 
27 
22 
38 
69 
48 
29 
29, 51 
27 
13 
17 
15 
10 
10 
13 
13 
13 
13 
14 

9 
10 

9 
11, 22 
22 
43 
48 
48 
49 
46 
41 
43 



92 



City Document No. 39. 



Fire service, Deer Island . . , 
First and Q streets extension. 
Fisher-hill reservoir 



Flax and Jamaica Pond Aqueduct Co. 
Flume, Main Drainage Works 



Foot-bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 

Berwick park (over B. &P. R.R.) . 
" Camden street " " " 

" W. Canton street " " " 

" W. Rutland square " " " 

" Franklin street (at Allston) 

" Public Garden 

" Sumner street 

Force main 

Forest-hills culverts 

Fort-avenue retaining-wall 



Fort-hill surveys. 
" grading 



Forty-eight in. main 

Fourth-street bridge (over N. Y. & N. E. R.R.) , , 
Franklin, or West Roxbury, park 



Franklin street, Brighton, raising grade 

Franklin-street foot-bridge (over B. & A. R.R. at All- 
ston station) 



Friend-street sewer, M.D , 

G-allop's-Island wharf 

" " and storehouse 
Gaskill pumping-engine 

Gateways, P 

General work, filling, etc., P 

Germantown nuisance 

Grade-crossing, Dorchester avenue.. 

" Dover street 

Grading and loaming, P 

Grading of marsh 



Tear. 


Doc. 


1882 


52 


1873 


23 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1875 


19 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1873 


23 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1868 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1881 


25 


1880 


33 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1887 


38 


1873 


23 


1884 


55 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1881 


25 


1888 


39 


1885 


54 


1885 


54 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1886 


41 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 



Appendix. 



93 



Granite britige (to Milton) 



Granite curb and fence, P 

Gribble, the, or boring Liranoria — Lininoria Lignorum 
H^'i'rison-avenue bridge 



(over B. & A. R.R.) 



Harrison-avenue retaining-wall 

" " between Northampton and 

Hunneman streets 

Harvard bridge, new bridge to Cambridge 

High service, \V. W 



main pipe, 16 inch 
new 



pumping-works 

pumping-stations - . 

Brigliton 

B.H. pumping-worlis 

East Boston and Breed's Island, 
Highland 



pumping-station 



boiler 



"West Roxbury. 



pumping-station. 



1870 
1871 
1873 

1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
3 888 
1889 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1889 

1870 
1885 
1886 

1887 
1888 
1875 

1873 
1885 
1875 
1876 
1878 
1883 
1884 
1887 
1889 
1889 
1886 
1888 
1889 
1871 
1889 
1880 
1877 
18S9 
1881 
1882 
1885 
1877 
1878 
1880 
1878 
1887 
1889 



Page. 



14 
15 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
53 
55 
54 
38 

14 
54 
41 
38 
39 
19 

23 
54 
19 
24 
20 
53 
55 



35 
58 
44 
33 
35 
30 
23 
23 
21 
14 
15 
17 
16 
17 
20 
12 
17 
13 
13, 18 
15, 21 
51 
51 
50 
41 

38 
23 
20 
15 
15 
42 



25 
9 
6 
30 
28 
29 
20 
59 
57 
26 
19 
50 
12 
49 
24 
32 
53 
25 
29 
32 
32 
30 
21 
31 
21 
50 



94 



City Docthment No. 39. 



Highland h 



gh service . 



boiler 

pumping-works. 



High-street survey 

Holyoke-street retaining-wall 

Huntington-ave. bridge (over B. & A. R.R.). 



Huntington-ave. extension 



Illustrations. See Index of Illustrations. 
Index to City Engineer's reports, 18G8-1888. 
Improved Sewerage, or Main Drainage . . . . 



Indiana-place retaining-wall. 
Iron pier, Marine Park . . . . . 



Iron roof. Chestnut-hill pumping- station 

Jamaica Pond Aqueduct Co 

Kilby-street extension 



I^ake Cochituate shallow flowage. 

Lake Cochituate 

Leavitt pumping-engine sewage . . 



Tear. 


Doc. 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1885 


54 


1878 


20 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1880 


33 


1868 


22 


1876 


24 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1882 


52 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


188G 


41 


1889 


38 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1873 


23 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1888 


38 


1875 


19 


1868 


22 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1881 


25 


1883 


53 



Appendix. 



95 



Leavitt puniping-engine sewage 

Light-rod borings, M. D 

Liiunoria Lignorum. See illustrations . . . 
Linden Park- street bridge 

Long-Island wharf 

Longwood-avenue bridge (to Brookline) . 

Lorejoy's wharf 

Lowland-street bulkhead 

Lunatic Hospital 

JVfain Drainage, or Improved Sewerage. 

Main Drainage, or Improved Sewerage 

Artesian borings 

Brimmer-street sewer 

Cement tests 

Chester-park sewer 

Clarke's report 

Construction and maintenance. . 



Year. 


Doc. 


1886 


41 


1878 


20 


1889 


38 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


25 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1874 


20 


1888 


39 


1868 


22 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1878 


20 


1884 


55 


1878 


20 


1883 


53 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 



Page. 



32 
38 
41 
10 
10 
10 
11 
17 
16 
37 
60 
44 

33, 60 
35 
31 

23, 47 
23 
21 
14 
15 
17 
17 
17 
20 
17 
12 
13 
13 
15 
38 
26 
13 

40 
36 
36 
30 
30 
33 
30 
34 
35 
29 
23 
24 
61 



96 



City Document No. 39. 



3Iain Drainage, or Improved Sewerage . 
Cost of pumping 



Deposit sewers. 



Dover-street connection . 

Dumping-scow 

Expenses 

riltli-hoist 



Flume 



Friend-street sewer 

Illustration, floating scraper in deposit sewers, 

" Leavitt engines, log of test 

" main and intercepting sewers plan, 

" man- hole cover 

" Moon-Island reservoirs 



" outlet sewers from Moon-Island 
reservoirs 

" regulator for sewers 

" regulating apparatus. Stony-brook 
intercepting sewer 

" tank, sewer sections 

' ' tide-gate chamber 

Leavitt pumping-engines, sewage 



Light-rod borings 

Main and intercepting sewers 



Maintenance and construction 



Miscellaneous. 



Moon Island 

Office and other work 



Outlet sewer section 

Progress, Tabular statement of. 



Pumping-engine tests. 
Pumping-station . . . . 



Year. 


Doc. 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1883 


63 


1886 


41 


1889 


38 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1887 


38 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1880 


33 


1885 


54 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1884 


55 


1882 


52 


1881 


25 


1888 


53 


1882 


52 


1881 


25 


1888 


53 


1886 


41 


1878 


20 


1883 


53 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1881 


25 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1880 


33 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 



Appendix. 



97 



Main Drainage, or Improved Sewerage : ■ 
Pumping-station. 



and filth-hoist . 
and other work, 
sewers 



Reservoirs . 



Roxbury-canal sewer , 
Salt-water conduit. . . 



Survey of sewers 



Section 1, 
2, 
2, 
3, 
4, 
4, 
3, 
4, 
4, 
4, 
H, 
4i, 
4d, 
5, 
5, 
6, 



east-side sewer. 



main sewer 



, outfall sewer. 



and Moon-Island res- 
ervoirs 



outlet " " 

South Boston sewer 



intercepting sewer 

sewer 

intercepting sewer 



Year. 


Doc. 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1881 


25 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1881 


25 


1882 


62 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1886 


41 


1882 


52 


1882 


62 


1883 


53 


1889 


38 


1880 


33 


1882 


62 


1883 


53 


1883 


53 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1880 


33 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


64 


1881 


25 


1881 


52 


1883 


63 


1S84 


55 


1885 


54 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1884 


55 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1883 


63 



98 



City Docuiment No. 39. 



Main Drainage, or Improved Sewerage : — 



Section 5, 



South Boston sewer 

intercepting sewer 



Stony-brook sewer . . . . 

" intercepting 

west-side sewer 



Sewage pumped. 



Sludge tank , 

Soil-water investigations. 



Surveying 
Tunnel... 



Worthington pumping-engine sewage. 
Main and intercepting sewers 



Maintenance and construction, M. D. 



Maiden bridge (Cliarlestown to Everett) 



Marine park, Soutli Boston, P. 



Mattapan bridge (to Milton) , 



Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


1S84 


55 


42 


1887 


38 


25 


1888 


39 


26 


1882 


52 


38 


1881 


25 


35 


1882 


52 


39 


1884 


55 


42 


1885 


54 


41 


1885 


54 


44 


1)^80 


41 


29 


1887 


38 


23 


1888 


89 


25 


1886 


41 


41 


1878 


20 


39 


1879 


22 


40 


1886 


41 


44 


1878 


20 


38 


1886 


41 


42 


1887 


38 


28 


1888 


39 


29 


1878 


20 


31 


1881 


25 


30 


1883 


53 


40 


1886 


41 


30 


1887 


38 


24 


1X88 


39 


26 


1887 


38 


29 


1888 


;^9 


30 


1874 


20 


35 


1875 


19 


29 


1876 


24 


27 


1877 


15 


14 


18?8 


20 


18 


1879 


22 


16 


1880 


33 


10 


1.S81 


25 


10 


1882 


52 


14 


1883 


53 


13 


1884 


55 


13 


1885 


54 


14 


1886 


41 


14 


1.SS7 


38 


10 


1888 


39 


10, 17 


18.S8 


117 


10 


1889 


38 


11 


L>85 


54 


52 


1886 


41 


48 


1887 


38 


30 


1888 


39 


35 


1889 


38 


67 


1870 


14 


36 


1871 


15 


69 


1874 


20 


33 


1875 


19 


36 


1876 


2t 


31 


1877 


15 


23 


1878 


20 


24 


1879 


22 


21 



Appendix. 



99 



Mattapan bridge (to Milton) , 



Meridian-street bridge (East Boston to Chelsea) 



Mill-dam bridge ; see, also. Beacon-street bridge (over 
outlet, Back Bay) 



Mill-dam sluices 



Mill-street improvement (Dorchester District) . 
Milton bridge (to Milton) 



Year. 


Doc. 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


188fi 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


18(58 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


187G 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


64 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1878 


20 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1X77 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 



Page. 



14 
15 
17 
17 
17 
21 
17 
12 
13 
14 
15 
18 
34 
55 
24, 45 
30, 61 
31 
28 
15 
18 
16 
10 
10 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
10 
10 
10 
12 

36 
60 
45 
30 
32 
28 
16 
18 
16 
10 
11 
14 
26 
22 
27 
36 
58 
45 
33 
36 
31 
23 
24 
21 
14 
15 



100 



City Docu]vient No. 39. 



Milton bridge (to Milton) 



Miscellaneous . 



M.D. 



W. W. 



P 

(Army and Navy. 
Lief Ericsson. . . 
Crispus Attucks. 
Moon Island, M. D 



reservoirs. 



Mt. Bowdoin green, curb 

Mt. Hope station, abutments, etc., now Blakemore-street 
bridge 

Mt. Vernon and Centre-street bridge (over B. & P. K.R.) 



Mt. Washington-ave. bridge (over Fort-point channel) 



1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1889 
1886 
1875 
1888 
1889 
1887 
1888 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1886 
1886 

1881 

1881 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1868 
1870 



52 
53 
55 
54 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
25 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
38 
41 
19 
39 
38 



17 
17 
17 
21 
25 
17 
12 
13 
14 
16 
35 
37 
39 
33 

26, 30 

27, 29 
24, 25 
18, 22 
17, 22 
20, 25 
20, 25 

20, 26 
24, 29 

21, 23 
16, 18 

16 
19 
43 
47 
43 
45 
45 
26 
27 
32 
29 
33 
34 
58 
47 
43 
17 
22 
29 
30 
39 
43 
46 
46 
43 
21 



25 


22 


25 


17 


55 


20 


54 


23 


41 


20 


22 


18 


14 


33 



Appendix. 



101 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Mt. Washington-ave. bridge (over Fort-point channel) 


1871 
1873 


15 
23 


61 
44 






1874 


20 


31 




I a u ii " 


1875 


19 


32 




, iC (< << " 


1876 


24 


29 




( (( I( (' " 


1877 


15 


16 




( 11 l< << <» 


1878 


20 


18 




I i, l< 11 " 


1879 


22 


17 




<. it ii t( " 


1880 


33 


11 




t li a u " 


1881 


25 


11 




, X It << " 


1882 


52 


14 




< (< << " " 


1883 


53 


1-1 




I 1< U «l '< 


1884 


55 


14 




1 <( << " " 


1885 


54 


15 




( <1 (( <( (( 


1886 


41 


14 




, 14 << 11 " 


1887 


38 


10 




I il << a " 


1888 


39 


11 




t (< 11 <l «' 


1888 


117 


10 




, (. U 11 'I 


1889 


38 


12 




1877 


15 


36 


" " " and reservoir 


1889 


38 


55 


Mystic Lak( 
Mystic puin 


^ 


1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1889 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1889 
1884 


15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
38 
20 
22 
33 
38 
55 


37 




32 




28 




25 




24 




2g 




2e 




2b 




3t 




54 


ping-station 


35 

26 


:: :: 




2t 




5f 




34 




1886 


41 


2- 


Mystic-river filtra 

Mystic- vnllpv «PW 




1880 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1882 


33 
15 
20 
22 
52 


2( 




3- 









35 






2£ 






3( 








1883 
1884 


53 
55 


26 






3( 








1885 
1886 


54 
41 


3^ 






2t 








1889 
1878 


38 
20 


5' 






3^ 






Ivussell-brook line 


1878 


20 


34 








1878 


20 


3c 






branch drains 


1879 


22 


3i 






catch-basins 


1879 
1879 


22 
22 


35 




' miscellaneous 


3J 






Russell-brook branch 


1879 


22 


35 






' crossing at tlie Abbaiona river 


1879 


22 


3( 




' " (illustration) sewerage works 


1889 


38 


5^ 


Mystic Water-W 




1876 

1877 


24 
15 






3( 


,1 




,( 




1878 


20 


3. 



102 



City Document No. 39. 



Mystic Water-Works 

Ifeponset bridge (to Quincy) 



Neptune-road bridge (over B., R. B., & L. R.R.) 



New main water-pipe across Chelsea creek to East 

Boston 

New water-main to East Boston 



Newton-street bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) . . , 



Norfolk 
Northarr 



street bridge (over N.Y. & N. E. R.R.) . 
pton-street district 



North Beacon-street bridge (Brighton to Watertown) . . , 



Year. 


Doc. 


1879 


22 


1870 


14 


1871 


15 


1873 


23 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


65 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1871 


15 


1S71 


15 


1888 


39 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


2.-. 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


r,o 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


18S8 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1875 


19 


hs76 


24 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 



Page. 



28 

35 
56 
45 
33 
36 
31 
23 
24 
21 
14 
15 
17 
17 
17 
21 
17 
13 
13 
14, 18 
16, 21 
11 
12 



ApI'ENDIX. 



103 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


North Beacon-street bridge (Brighton toWatertown) . . . 


1884 


55 


17 


14 41 44 44 44 


1885 


54 


21 


44 44 44 4. 4C 


1886 


41 


17 


44 44 44 44 44 


1887 


38 


12 


44 44 44 44 44 


18S8 


39 


13 


44 44 44 44 44 


1888 


117 


14 


44 44 44 44 44 


1889 


38 


16 


Northern and Eastern-avenue sea-walls, etc 


1873 


23 


36 


North Harvard-street bridge (Brighton to Cambridge), 


1874 


20 


34 


44 44 44 44 


1875 


19 


36 


44 44 44 44 


1876 


24 


31 


44 44 44 44 44 


1877 


15 


24 


44' 44 44 44 44 


1878 


20 


24 


44 44 44 44 44 


1879 


22 


22 


44 44 44 44 44 


1880 


33 


15 


44 44 44 44 44 


1881 


25 


15 


44 44 .4 44 44 


1882 


52 


18 


44 44 44 44 44 


1883 


53 


18 


44 44 44 44 44 


1884 


.00 


18 


44 44 44 44 44 


1885 


54 


21 


44 44 44 44 44 


1886 


41 


18 


44 44 44 44 44 


1887 


38 


13 


44 44 44 44 44 


1888 


39 


14 


44 44 44 44 44 


1888 


117 


14, 18 


44 44 44 44 


1>^89 


38 


16,21 




18S8 


39 


16 




1889 


38 


38 


N. Y. & N. E. R.R. , raising grade 


1877 


15 


23 


Office and other work, M. D 


1881 


25 


39 


44 44 44 44 


1883 
1^84 


53 
55 


47 


Outlet sewer section, M .D 


47 


Overlook, Franklin park 


1888 


39 


35 




1889 


88 


65 


parks 


1880 


33 


46 




1881 


25 


40 


44 


1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1888 


53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
117 


43 


44 


48 


,4 


48 


(4 


49 


44 


46 


n 


30 


.1 


31 


1, 


63 


Agassiz bridge 


5 


44 44 44 


1888 
1889 


39 

38 


33 


44 44 44 


64 


" Arnold Arboretum 


1884 


55 


52 




1885 

1887 
1888 
1889 


54 
38 
39 
38 


51 


44 44 44 


30 


44 44 44 


34 


44 44 44 


65 


" Back Bay 


1879 


22 


24 




1885 


54 


48 




1873 
1888 


23 
39 


26 




31 




1889 
1886 


88 
41 


63 


" " " driveways 


47 



104 



City Document No. 39. 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Parks, Back Bav. drivewava 


1889 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1888 
1889 
1888 
1889 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1881 
1883 
1884 
1886 
18'88 
1889 
1889 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1888 
1889 
1889 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1889 
1883 
1884 
1884 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1888 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1881 


38 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
39 
38 
89 
38 
52 
53 
55 
54 
25 
53 
55 
41 
39 
38 
38 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
39 
38 
38 
55 
54 
41 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
38 
53 
55 
55 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
39 
38 
38 
38 
38 
38 
38 
38 
25 


63 




" excavation of 
" fens 




46 


" " 




50 
50 


w <> 




50 


" " 




46 
31 


X u 


Cl 


63 


a a 




31 


a << 




63 


a a 


" filling 


43 


a (1 




48 


11 a 


w a 


48 


a 


a ii 


49 


a u 


" general work, 
" grading and 1 

of m 
" granite curb ar 




40 


:: ;: 


oaming 


51 
49 
46 


a a 


<< 


31, 33 


<i a 


i< 


64 


a i< 


arsh 

id fence 


63 
51 


a u 




51 


" 


" 


50 
46 


a 




30 


" 


" roadways and 

" The Parkway 

" work complet 
ey park and Arnold A 

'les-river embankmen 


walks 


31 
63 


a c< 


(B. B. Fens) 


31 


a u 




63 


X iC 


3d 


65 


" Buss 




52 






51 


u <> 


<< 


47 


" Chai 


t 


53 






52 

48 






;->6 






36 


" Dor 
" Trar 


Chester point. South I 
iklin park, West Rox 

stration, Stony- brook 


work completed 

wall 

Boston 

bury 


68 
50 
51 
53 
52 
51 






48 






30 
34 






65 


" illu 


' Overlook 

' drives and walks, 
Ellicott arch . . . 

' gateways 

' Plaj'stead green . 

' Shelter 

' work completed. , 
gate-chamber. 


35 
65 
65 
65 

66 
66 
65 
66 
48, 49 



Appendix. 



105 



Page. 



Parks, Marine park, South Boston, 



curbstone . . 
iron pier . . . 



rooden pier. 



miscellaneous 



West Roxbury, or Franklin, park 
Wood-Island park, East Boston. . 



Parker- hill reservoir. 



Park-street bridge (over B. & P. R.P.) 

Passage for row-boats through bridges of Charles river 

Paving-yard wharf at Charlestown 

Piles, special examination of 

Pinckney-street sea- Avail , 



Pipe, length laid, W. W . . 
Pipe plans, Water- Works . 



Plans and specifications, miscellaneous 

Pope's-hill nuisance 

Prison-point bridge (Charlestown to Cambridge) . 



Prison-point flats 

Proposed bridge to East Boston 
Proposed Cambridge-street bridj 



1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1881> 

1888 

1889 

1887 

1888 

1883 

1886 

1888 

1884 

1885 

18.S4 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1874 

1875 

1888 

1887 

188;-5 

1889 

1873 

1874 

1889 

1874 

1876 

1877 

1878 

1879 

1880 

1888 

1888 

1874 

1875 

1876 

1877 

1878 

1879 

1880 

1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1888 

1889 

1883 

1889 

1887 



54 
41 

38 
39 
38 
38 
39 
38 
38 
39 
53 
41 
39 
55 
54 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
20 
19 
39 



23 
20 
38 
20 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
39 
39 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
53 
38 
38 



52 
48 
30 
35 
67 
67 
36 
67 
30 
35 
53 
47 
36 
52 
51 
53 
52 
49 
30 
36 
68 
9 
9 
15 
17 
24 
40 
33 
38 
56 
14 
7 
33 
32 
28 
25 
17 
17 
36 
37 
31 
25, 43 
27 
23 
17 
16 
19 
19 
19 
22 
19 
14 
15 
15 
17 
25 
38 
18 



lOG 



City Document No. 39. 



Proposed new bridge to Cambridge 

Providence and Berkeley streets, retaining-walis. 
Public Garden foot-bridge 



Public Garden pond 

Pumping-engine tests, Cliestnut- 



uU pumping-station . 



M. D. 



Pumping-station, M. D. 



" sewers, M. D 

" and other work, M. D. 

and filth-hoist, M. D. . 

Pynchon street, retaining-wall 



Q and First streets, extension . . 
Quality of water, Water- Works . 



Quincy-street bridge. 



J5,ainsford's Island wharf 

liaising grade of Beacon street 

" " Franklin street, Brighton 

" " Brookline avenue and Beacon street. 
N. Y. &N. E. R.R 



Raising pipe, Beacon street 



" " Brookline avenue. 

Rebuilding Warren bridge 

Reports of draw-tenders 



Reservoir, Chestnut Hill. 
Fisher Hill .. , 



1885 
1871 

1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1882 
1888 
1889 
1886 
1880 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1881 
1880 
1881 
1874 

1873 
1876 
1880 
1888 
1889 

1876 
1887 
1884 
1885 
1877 
1878 
1887 
1888 
1885 
1884 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
I88(i 
1871 
1886 
1887 



54 

15 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
52 
39 
38 
41 
33 
52 
63 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
25 
33 
25 
20 

23 
24 

33 
39 



Appendix. 



107 



Reservoir, Fisher Hill - 

Reservoirs, W.W 

" No. 1 



at Moon Islaiul, M. D. 



Retaining-walls. See Sea-walls. 

Retainingwalls, Atlantic avenue, near Russia wharf. 
" Berkelev street 



Berwick park 

Broadway extension. 

Castle street 

Fort avenue 



Harrison avenue 

Harrison avenue, between Northamp- 
ton and Hunneman streets 

Holyoke street 

Indiana place 



Providence street. 
Pynchon street . . . 
Rockland street. . . 
Seavcrns avenue. . 
Shawmut avenue . 
St. Charles street. 



" Tyler street 

" Webster street 

" W. Rutland square and Durham street 

" Yarmouth street 

Richmond street survey 

Roadways and walks, P 



Rockland street, retaining- wall. 
Ruxbury annex 

" canal dredging 

" " improvement . . . 



sea-wall . . . . 
sewer, M. D. 



survey 

gait-water conduit, M. D. 
Sea-walls, Alford street. . . 



Atlantic avenue 

Condor street 

Deer Island . . . .' 

Northern and Eastern avu-nue 
Pinckncy street 



1888 
1874 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1889 
1.S81 
1882 
1883 
1884 
188(3 

1875 
1871 
1874 
1887 
1876 
1884 
1873 
1877 
1878 
1875 

1873 
1876 
1870 

1873 
1871 
1874 
1880 
1875 
1870 
1880 
1883 
1883 
1884 
1883 
1875 
1868 
1888 
1889 
1880 
1.S 68 
1876 
1879 
1880 
18S1 
1889 
1882 
18(J8 

1882 
1884 
1881 
1882 
1871 
1873 
1871 
1873 
1873 



39 
20 
38 
38 
38 
38 
25 
52 
53 
55 
41 

19 
15 
20 
15 
24 
55 
23 
15 
20 
19 

23 
24 
14 
23 
15 
20 
33 
19 
14 
33 
53 
55 
53 
53 
19 



Page. 



20-22 
91 
46 
46 
47 
47 
39 
43 
46 
46 
43 

41 
49 
37 
26 
35 
20 
24 
26 
27 
49 



1'4 
26- 
23 
43 
28 
31 
63 
23 
11 
38 
24 
18 
21 
38 
39 
34 

40 
40 
17 
20 
41 
35 
40 
35 



108 



CiTr Document No. 39. 



Subject. 


Tear. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Sea-walls, Pir 
pip 
Ro 

Sw 
Seaverns ave 
Second-street 

Section 1, Ea 
" 2, 
" 2, 
" 3, 
4, 
" 4, Mf 


ckney street 


1874 
1888 
1880 
1889 
1878 
1875 
1877 
1878 
1880 
1880 
1882 
1883 
1883 
1883 
1884 
1880 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1880 
1881 
1880 
1881 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1884 
1884 
1885 
1880 
1881 
1880 
1881 
1883 
1884 
1887 
1888 
1882 
1881 
1882 
1884 
1885 
1885 
1886 


20 
39 
33 
38 
20 
19 
15 
20 
33 
33 
52 
53 
53 
53 
55 
83 
33 
25 
52 
33 
25 
52 
33 
25 
33 
25 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
55 
55 
54 
33 
25 
33 
25 
53 
55 
38 
39 
52 
25 
52 
55 
54 
54 
41 


38 


e-yard, Albany street 


24 
19 




38 


ett street 

nue, retaininsf-wall 


29 
42 


bridge (over N. Y. & N. E. R.R.) 

st-side sewer, M. D 


25 
27 
18 
43 




39 
36 
38 
38 


lin " " 


39 


" 3, 




42 


" 4, 




42 


" 4, 

" 4, 


' " " 


34 
38 


" 4A, 


< <i a 


42 


" 44, 


( << a 


34 


" 4i, 

5, 


J ,, ^^ . . . . 


38 
43 


" 5, 




34 


" 6, 


" " . . 


43 
35 


" 1, 

1, 
" 1, 

1, 
" 1, 
" 2, 
" 2, 
" 2, 
" 2, 
" 2, 
" 3, 
" 3, 
" 3, 

3, 
" 3, 


Section 2, Sc 
" 2 

" s, 

" 3, 
" 4, 
" 4, 
" 5, 
" 5, 

6, 

6, 
" 2, St 
" 2, 

2, W 
" 4, 

5, 
" 6, 
Sewage puna 


utfall " " 


37 




41 


" «' (< 


43 


<< '( <c 


44 


" <' << 


46 


:: :: ;; 


37 
41 


" " <( 


44 


»' I' tt 


45 


<' '< u 


47 


itfall sewer and Moon-Island reservoirs. . . 

itlet " " " " .. 
uth Boston sewer, M.D 


39 
43 
46 
46 
48 
47 
43 
45 


" " intercepting sewer, M.D 

" " sewer, M. D 

" " intercepting sewer, M.D 


44 
35 
44 
35 
39 




42 


" " intercepting sewer, M. D 

ony-brook sewer, M. D 

" intercepting sewer, M. D 

est-side sewer, M. D 


25 
26 
38 
35 
39 




42 


a u a 


41 


il a a 


54 


ped, M. D. ... 


29 



Appendix. 






109 


SXIBJBCT. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 




1887 

1888 

1886 

1884 

1887 

1888 

1884 

1878 

1873 

1874 

1875 

1876 

1877 

1878 

1879 

1880 

1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1887 

1889 

1870 

1878 

1877 

1886 

1878 

1879 

1886 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1881 

1882 

1886 

1868 

1871 

1868 

1889 

1874 

1875 

1876 

1877 

1878 

1879 

1880 

1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 


38 
39 
41 
55 
38 
39 
55 
20 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
14 
20 
15 
. 41 
20 
22 
41 
41 
38 
39 
38 
25 
52 
41 
22 
15 
22 
38 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 


23 




25 

22 




27 




18 


n " J ake Cochituate 


18 




32 


Sharon-street bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 

Sliawmut-avenue bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) 


27 

22, 48 

31 


.< i< I* << <i 


33 


It 41 U 11 11 


29 


,, << i< 4> U 


16 


CI U U i( <l 


19 





17 
11 


11 >( 11 (I 11 


11 


U .4 CI .1 U 


15 


a i« <i u <i 


14 


11 4i <l U 11 


U 


" " 


16 
15 


!, 11 .4 <( U 


10 


" extension and Indiana-place walls . . . 

Silver-street bridge (over N. Y. & N. E. R.R.) 

Sixth-street " " " " " 

Sludge-tank, M. D. 

Soil-water investigations, M. D 


11 
11 
12 
45 
27 
25 
41 
38 
40 
44 




24 




18 


U (i u 


18 


11 « a 


45 




21 




25 


II u 


23 


Smith T?r>i5ton flats . 


11 


'I " high service W.W. 


19 


«' " streets . . 


12 


Special examination of piling. See Illustrations 

Sprinf-street brido^e (to Dedham) 


40 
34 




37 


l< <« u 


31 
24 


(< << << 


26 


a u (< 


22 


<( (C u 


15 


it ii 11 
1< <1 11 


16 
18 


" " " 


18 
18 
22 


(1 11 11 


18 


11 11 11 


13 


11 <1 11 


14 



no 



City Docu]vient No. 39. 



Spring-street bridge (to Dedham) 

St. Charles-street retaining-wall 

Sudbury river and Lake Cochituate 

Sudbury river, Basin No. 4, W.W 

Sudbury-river reservoirs, W.W , 

" Farm pond and Lake Cochituate, W.W. 



Suffolk-street district 



Summer-street survey , 

Sumner street, East Boston bridges 

Sumner-street foot-bridge , 

" tunnel 

Survey, Adams street , 

Atlantic avenue , 

Brighton 

Change avenue 

Devonshire street, between Milk and Water sts 

Federal street, between Summer and First sts., 

Fort Mill 

High street 

public building lots 

Eichmond street 

Roxbnry 

of sewers, M. D 

Washington street, between Kneeland and War- 
ren streets 

West street 

West Roxbury 

Williams street 

Surveying, M. D 

Swett-street bridges (over South-bay sluices) 



Swett- 



street extension 



1889 
1880 
1883 
1874 
1889 
1882 
1883 
1881 
1889 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1880 
1881 
1871 
1873 
1868 
1874 
1885 
18SG 
1868 
1870 
1875 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 



1868 


22 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1868 


22 


1875 


19 


1.S68 


22 


1«78 


20 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1S87 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


18.S9 


38 


1873 


23 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 



Appendix. 



Ill 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 




1878 

1877 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
18.S9 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1888 
1882 
1888 
1889 
1877 
1879 
1880 
188.5 
1886 
1888 
1889 
1876 

1868 
1868 
1886 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1886 
1883 

1876 

1888 
1870 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 


20 

15 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
64 
39 
52 
39 
38 
15 
22 
33 
54 
41 
39 
38 
24 

22 

41 
41 
38 
39 
41 
53 

24 

39 
14 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 


29 


Xable showing evaporation at Beacon-liill and Chest- 
nut-hill reservoirs, W. W 

Table showing widths of draw-openings 


35 

47 
39 


<< a i< <i 


45 


:: :: :: :: yy-''''y'' 


41 
42 
48 
46 





50 
56 





58 
58 


<< U <1 l< 


56 


II II II II 


32 
38 


ii n i( << , _ 

Tabular statement of progress M. D 


72 
41 




32 


u u a 41 


36 


" 


34 
40 


.< li <( a 


42 




17 


Temporary channel, Farm pond 


27 
31 


Third-street bridge (over N. Y. & N. E. R.R.) 

Tremont-street bridge (over B. & A. R.R.) 


63 
25 
23 
18 
23 
20 


<( <t (< u u 


15 


<C 11 ,i << 41 


18 




36 


survey, between Boylston street and B. 
& A. R.R. bridge 


30 




23 




22 


Tunnel, M D . . 


42 




28 


4( (( 


29 




23 


Tyler-street retainino'-walls 


24 


Vegetable market (Mercantile wharf) 

^I7"alks and roadways, P . . 


33 
31 


Walls, Shawmut avenue extension and Indiana place. . 
W^arren bridge (to Charlestown) 


45 
30 




31, 46 


4; 44 44 


34, 49 


44 44 .4 


29 


14 44 14 


16 


11 44 ,< 


19 


44 14 44 


18 





12 



112 



City Document No. 39. 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 




1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1889 
1870 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 

1868 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1881 
1888 
1868 
1889 
1887 
1868 
1870 
1871 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1889 
1880 
1889 
1881 


25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
38 
14 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 

22 
53 
55 
54 
25 
39 
22 
38 
38 
22 
14 
15 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
62 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
38 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
23 
33 
25 
38 
33 
38 
25 


11 




< » 4 11 


15 






15 






15 24 






16 
15 






11 






11 






11 






13 


" traffic, Dec. 20, 1888.. 
Washington-street bridge (over B. & A. R.K.) 

Washington-street survey, between Kneeland and War- 
ren streets 

Waste of water, W.W 


13 
38 
23 
20 
]5 
15 
18 

29 
28 
80 


Wa 
Wa 
Wa 

Wa 
Wa 


< 11 11 


32 




26 




23 


ter-pipe bridge, Tremont street 

" " between Charlestown and Chelsea. . 


23 
39 
23 




14 




5 


(1 


5 


11 


6, 12 


11 


5 


>i 


6 


1. 


4 


11 


31 


ii 


30 


11 


26 


,1 


23 


11 


23 


(1 


26 


,( 


25 


,1 


27 


.1 


30 


<< 


24 


■,i 


18 


.1 


18 


11 


45 


" additional supply 


15 
12 


a 11 11 


8 
37 


(( i( 11 


35 


(1 i< 11 


34 


<< U 11 


27 


<( 11 11 


27 


11 .1 11 


60 


" algae 

" aqueducts and distributing reservoirs . . 
" Basin No. 4 , 


27 
49 
29 



Appendix. 



113 



Water-Works. Basin No. 4 
" 4 

u 4 
" 5 
" 1 



Beacon-hill reservoir evaporation . . . . 
Beacon street, raising pipe 



Chelsea-bridge water-pipe box 

Chestnut-hill reservoir 

" " evaporation . . . 

" pumping-station 

" " description of 

•' " boilers 

" " engine tests. 

" " iron roof 

cleaning pipe 

Cochituate W.W 



conduit, Cochituate . . 
consumption of water. 



cucumber taste 
Dam No. 1 ... . 



3. 



Deacon meters 

distribution system 



Year. 


Doc. 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1889 


38 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1880 


33 


1877 


15 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


39 


1868 


22 


1877 


15 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1888 


39 


1887 


38 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1871 


15 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1882 


52 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1880 


33 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1885 


54 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 



Page. 



114 



City Document No. 39. 



Water-Works, distribution system. 



Dorchester W.W. extension 

East Boston, enlargement of water-pipe . 

" " new main 

" " 24-inch main 

" " water-pipe across Chelsea 

creek 

Experiments on the evaporation from 

water surface 

Farm pond 



Farm-pond conduit. 



Farm- pond temporary channel. . , 
Farm pond and Lake Cochituate. 



Filtration, Mystic water 
Fisher-hill reservoir. . . . 



Flax and Jamaica Pond Aqueduct Co. 

Force main, street, etc 

Gaskill pumping-engine tests 



High service . 



Beacon Hill. 

Brighton pumping-works . . 



temporary . 



East Boston 

" " and Breed's Island 
Highland 



boiler 

pumping-station 



main pipe, 16-inch, 
new 



pumping-station 



Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


1879 


22 


28 


1880 


33 


25 


1887 


38 


22 


1888 


39 


23 


1889 


38 


56 


1871 


15 


26 


1871 


15 


32 


1888 


39 


23 


1889 


38 


57 


1871 


15 


33 


1877 


15 


34 


1874 


20 


17 


1889 


38 


47 


1884 


56 


31 


1885 


54 


34 


1886 


41 


26 


1887 


38 


20 


1882 


52 


27 


1882 


52 


26 


1883 


53 


25 


1884 


16 


27 


1885 


54 


30 


1880 


33 


26 


1886 


41 


27 


1887 


38 


20 


1888 


39 


20, 22 


1875 


19 


12 


1879 


22 


28 


1888 


39 


20 


1889 


38 


66 


1875 


19 


9 


1876 


24 


6 


1878 


20 


30 


1883 


53 


28 


1884 


55 


29 


1887 


38 


20 


1889 


38 


59 


1871 


16 


19 


1878 


20 


31 


1879 


22 


27 


1880 


33 


24 


1877 


15 


33 


1880 


33 


24 


1881 


25 


26 


1889 


38 


53 


1881 


25 


25 


1882 


52 


29 


1886 


54 


32 


1878 


20 


31 


1877 


15 


32 


1878 


20 


30 


1880 


33 


24 


1889 


38 


57 


1886 


41 


26 


1888 


39 


19 


1889 


38 


50 


1889 


38 


49 



Appendix. 



115 



Page. 



Water-Works, high service, South Boston 

" " " West Roxbury 

" " '• " pumping- 

station . . . 

" illustration, Basin 4, section of dam. . . . 

" " Farm-pond conduit 

" " Fisher-hill reservoir 

" " " gate-chamber. . . 

" " Forty-eight-inch water-pipe, 
method of raising 

" " Mystic- valley sewer, catch- 
basin 

" " Mystic-valley sewer, pipe- 

crossing at Abbajona river, 

" " Mystic-valley sewerage w'ks 

" " Mystic-valley sewerage 

works, sectional elevation 

" Lake Cochituate 

" main water-pipe, 48-inch 

" miscellaneous 



Mystic conduit. 



and reservoir . 



lake 



pumping-station . 



tests of boilers . 



boilers . 



valley sewer . 



branch drains . . . 

catch-basins 

crossing at Abbajona 

river 

miscellaneous . . . 



1871 
1887 

1889 
1884 
1887 
1888 
1888 

1887 

1879 

1879 
1889 

1889 
1889 
1881 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1889 
1877 
1889 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1889 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1889 
1884 
1886 
1884 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1889 
1879 
1879 

1879 
1879 



19 
21 

50 
32 
20 
20 

22 

32 

32 

30 
54 

54 
46, 58 
26 
26 
27 
32 
29 
33 
34 
58 
37 
55 
36 
32 
28 
25 
24 



54 
32 
28 
25 
55 
34 
27 
34 
37 
32,33 
29 
30 
28 
30 
33 
28 
54 
32 
32 

30 
33 



116 



City Document No. 39. 



Water-Works, Mystic-valley sewer, Eussell-brook b'ch 
" " water-works ... 



Parker-hill reservoir . 



pipe, length laid 

pipe-yard sea-wall, Albany street. 
quality of water 



reservoirs 



Chestnut Hill. 
Fisher Hill.., 
No. 1 



Parker Hill 



Eoxbury W.W. extension 

shallow flowage 

" " Basins2, 3 

" " Basin ;! 

" " Lake Cochituate 
sources of supply 



Sudbury river. 



basins, 
works . 



Sudbury-river reservoir and Lake Co- 
chituate 

Tremont-street water-pipe bridge 

waste of water 



Webste 
West-st: 
Western 



water-pipe bridge between Charlestown 

and Chelsea 

-street retaining-wall 

eet survey . . 

-avenue bridge (Brighton to Cambridge) 



Year. 


Doc. 


1879 


22 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1889 


38 


1888 


39 


1876 


24 


1880 


33 


1874 


20 


1868 


22 


1889 


38 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1871 


15 


1884 


55 


1884 


55 


1887 


38 


1888 


38 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1881 


25 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1889 


38 


1868 


22 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1868 


22 


1874 


20 


1875 


19 


1876 


24 


1877 


15 


1878 


20 


1879 


22 


1880 


33 


1881 


25 


1882 


52 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 



Appendix. 



117 



Western-avenue bridge (Brighton to Cambridge) , 



Western 



avenue bridge (Brighton to Watertown) . 



West-Boston bridge (to Cambridge) 



West Chester-park bridge (over B. & A. R.R.), 



West Chester 



park bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) . 



1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 



38 
39 
117 
38 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 



55 
54 
41 
38 
39 

117 
38 
23 
20 
19 
24 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 

117 
38 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 
52 
53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 

117 
38 
15 
20 
22 
33 
25 

52 



Page. 



13 
13 

15, 18 
16 
35 
37 
32 
24 
26 
23 
16 
16 
18 
18 
18 
22 
18 
13 
41 
15 

17,21 
29 

37, 49 

38, 50 
32,40 
25, 43 

27 
23 
17 
16 
19 
19 
19 
22 
19 
14 
15 
15 
17 
17 
20 
18 
12 
12 
16 
15 
15 
19 
15 
11 
12 
12 
14 
18 
20 
18 
12 
12 
16 



118 



City Document No. 39. 



West Chester-park bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 



West Chester park and Commonwealth avenue . 



" " " extension (bridges). 
West Roxbury, or Franklin, Park 



" " survey 

West Rutland-square and Durham-street retaining- 

walls and foot-bridge (over B. & P. R.R.) 

West Rutland-square foot-bridge (over B. &P. R.R.) . . 



Wharf at Deer Island 



steam-boat . 



Eastern avenue 



steam-boat. 



Gallop's Island. 



storehouse 



Long Island 



Lovejoy's 

Mercantile Vegetable Market 
North paving-yard 



Paving-yard at Charlestown 
Rainsford's Island 

Widening of Parker street 

Wightman, H. M. , obituary 

Williams-street survey . . - 

Winthrop bridge (to Winthrop) 



1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1877 
1878 
1874 
1884 
1885 
1875 

1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1888 
1889 
1873 
1876 
1882 
1880 
1886 
1876 
1886 
1876 
1873 
1884 
1884 
1887 
1888 
1874 
1876 
1888 
1889 
1883 
1876 
1879 



1868 
1870 
1871 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1879 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 



53 
55 
54 
41 
38 
39 
117 
38 
15 
20 
20 
55 
54 
19 

53 
55 
54 
41 



117 
38 
23 
24 
52 
33 
41 
24 
41 
24 
23 
55 
55 
38 
39 
20 
24 



Appendix. 



119 



Winthrop bridge (to Winthrop) 



Wood 



Island park, P. 



Wooden pier, Marine Park , . 
Worthington pumping-engine . 



sewage 
Yarmouth-street retaining-wall 



Year. 


Doc. 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


117 


1889 


38 


1884 


55 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1878 


20 


1881 


25 


1875 


19 



Page. 



43 



120 



City Document No. 39. 



ILLUSTEATIONS. 



Back-bay Park — Stony-brook gate-chamber 

Basin 4, Boston Water-Works — section of dam. 



Boylston-street bridge, B. & A. R.R., abutments and 
wing-walls 

" " plan of bridge and section . . . . 

" " 216-foot truss on staging 

" " swinging truss across tracks . . 

Broadway drawbridge 

Dartmouth-street bridge 

Dover-street bridge-draws 

Farm-pond conduit 

Fisher-hill reservoir 

' ' gate-chamber 

Forty-eight-inch water-pipe, method of raising 

Harvard-bridge plan 

Improved Sewerage — main and intercepting sewers, plan, 

" floating scraper in deposit sewers, 

" Leavitt engines, log of test 

" man-hole cover 

" Moon-Island reservoir 



outlet sewers from Moon-Island 
reservoir 



regulator for sewers 

regulating apparatus, Stony-brook 
intercepting sewer 



tank-sewer, sections 
tide-gate chamber . . . 



Tear. 


Doc. 


1 
1881 


25 


1884 


55 


1888 


39 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1889 


38 


1876 


24 


1879 


22 


1878 


20 


1887 


38 


1888 


39 


1888 


39 


1887 


38 


1885 


54 


1880 


33 


1885 


54 


1886 


41 


1885 


54 


1883 


53 


1884 


55 


1884 


55 


1882 


52 


1881 


25 


1883 


53 


1882 


52 



Page. 



Appendix. 



121 



ILLUSTRATIONS - Continued. 



Subject. 


Year. 


Doc. 


Page. 


Marine Park, iron pier, view of one 60-fooi span 


1889 


38 


36 




1879 


22 


32 


" " pipe-crossing at Abbajona river. . 


1879 


22 


32 


'• " sewerage works 


1889 


38 


54 


•' " sectional elevation 


1889 


38 


54 


Special Examination of Piling : — 




Oak pile reduced in size by the Limnoria Tere- 
brans 


1889 


38 


40 


Spruce piles destroyed by the Limnoria Tere- 
brans 


1889 


38 


40 


Spruce pile attacked by the Limnoria Tere- 
brans. The lower part shows the pile unin- 
jured where it was under the mud. No. 1 . . 


1889 


38 


42 


Hard-pine timber attacked by the Limno- 
ria. No. 2 


1889 


38 


42 


Surface of spruce pile attacked by the Lim- 
noria Terebrans 


1889 


38 


42 


Surface of hard pine attacked by the Limnoria 
Terebrans 


1889 


38 


42 


Figure 1, Chelura Terebrans; male lateral 
view, enlarged about 12 diameters 


1889 


38 


43 


Figure 2, Limnoria Lignorum ; dorsal view 
enlarged ten diameters . .... 


1889 


38 


40 


Warren-bridge draws 


1885 


54 


16 


West Chester-park bridge, B. & A. R.R. abutments. . . 


1877 


15 


20 


" B. &P. R.R. 


1877 


15 


18 



CONTENTS CITY ENGINEER'S REPORT FOR 1889. 



■ City Engineer's Department 2 

Classification of Expenses 2 

Bridges inspected 3 

" wholly supported by Boston 3, 7 

" of which Boston supports the part within its limits .... 4, 16 
♦' " " pays a part of the cost of mainten- 
ance 5, 19 

" supported by railroad corporations 5, 21 

" " " " " Boston & Albany 

R.K 6 

" " " " *' Boston & Maine 

R.R., W. Div.... 6 
" " " " " Boston & Maine 

R.R., East. Div., 5 
" *' " " *' Boston, Revere 

Beach, & Lynn 

R.R 5 

«« " " " " New York & New 

England R.R. ... 5 

" " " " " Old Colony R.R... . 6 
*' " " " '« Old Colony R.R., 

Providence Div., 6 

" Total number (101) 6 

Bridges 3 

Agassiz road 7, 64 

Albany street 19 

Ashland street 7 

Athens street 7 

Beacon entrance, Back-bay fens 7 

Beacon street, over outlet to Back-bay fens 7 

Beacon street, over B. & A. R.R 7 

Berkeley street, B. & A. R.R 7 

Berkeley street, B. & P. R.R 8 

Blakemore street 8 

Bolton street, N.Y. & N.E. R.R 8, 22 

Bo\ Iston street, B. & A. R.R 8 

Boylston street, Back-bay fens 8 

Broadway, over Fort Point Channel 8 

Broadway, over B. & A. R.R 9 

Brookline avenue 9 

Byron street, B., R.B., & L. R.R 9, 22 

Cambridge street 16 

Canal 19 

Central avenue 16 

Charles river 9 

Chelsea (North) 16 

Chelsea (Souths 10 

Chel.«ea street 10 

Columbus avenue 10 

Commercial Point or Tenean 11 

Commonwealth avenue 11 



124 City Document No. 39. 



Bridges, — continued. page 

Congress street 11 

Cottage-street foot-bridge 11 

Dartmouth street 11 

Dorchester street 20 

Dover street 11 

Essex street 17 

Federal street 12 

Ferdinand street 12 

Pranklin-street foot-bridge, B. & A. E.R 13 

Granite 17 

Harvard to Cambridge 21-25 

Huntington avenue 13 

Leyden street, B., R.B., & L. R.R 13 

Linden Park street 13 

Longwood avenue 17 

Main street and Mystic avenue, Charlestown 21 

Maiden 13 

Mattapan 17 

Meridian street 13 

Milton 18 

Mt. Washington avenue 14 

Neponset 18 

Neptune road 14 

Newton street 14 

Norfolk street (2), N.Y. & N.E. R.R 14 

North Beacon street 18 

North Harvard street 18 

Prison-point , 19 

Public Garden foot-bridge 14 

Shawmut avenue 14 

Spring street 19 

Swett street, east of N.Y. & N.E. R.R 15 

Swett street, west of N.Y. & N.E. R.R 15 

Tremont street 21 

Warren 15 

Washington street 21 

Western avenue to Cambridge 19 

Western avenue to Watertown 19 

West Boston 19 

West Chester park, over B. & A. R.R 16 

West Chester park, over B. & P. R.R 16 

West Rutland square, foot-bridge over B. & P. R.R 15 

Winthrop 16 

Life of bridges over railroads 21 

Miscellaneous Work and Construction in 1889 22 

Bohon-street bridge, over N.Y. & N. E. R.R 22 

Bothnia- street bulkhead 25 

Bridge over reserved channel 26 

Byron-street bridge, over B., R.B., & L., R.R 22 

Colonel Cass monument 25 

CommonM-ealth avenue widening 23 

Cottaije- street foot-bridge 23 

Court- House curbing 26 

East Boston ferries 26 

Estimates 26 

Gold-street foot-bridge 26 

Granite curbing, City square 23 

L-street bulkhead 23 

Leyden-street bridge, over B., R.B., & L. R.R 24 

" " " Illustration of plan 24 

Northern-avenue or Oliver-street bridge 26 

Retaining-wall, extension of L street 26 

Walks in common and squares 24 



Contents. 125 



PAGB 

B. — "Water-Works 26 

Additional supply 37 

Aqueducts and distributing reservoirs 29 

Consumption 34, 41 

Distribution system 35 

Farm pond 27 

Heights of water in storage reservoirs 28 

High-service pumping-stations 29 

Illustration : Beacon-street tunnel, Sudbury-river aque- 
duct, showing portions of lining, Plate 1 38 

Illustration : Beacon-street tunnel, photographs of interior, 

Plates 2, 3, 4 38 

Illustration : Diagram showing rainfall and daily average 

consumption for each month 41 

Illustration : Diagram showing the heights of Sudbury- 
river reservoirs, Farm pond, and Cochituate and 
Mystic lakes, also the rainfall on the Sudbury-river 

water-shed, during the year 1889 46 

Illustration : Siphon, thirty-inch, at Warren-bridge 30 

Reservoir No. 1 26 

" 2 26 

" 3 27 

" 4 27 

C. — Improved Sewerage or Main Drainage 66 

Appropriations and expenditures 56 

City proper 67 

Sections 5 and 6, east side 57 

Section 7, west side 57 

South Boston 58 

Sections 8 and 9 58 

Dorchester 59 

Section 3 69 

Brighton 67 

Section 1 67 

D. — Parks 61 

Arnold Arboretum 63 

Back-bay fens 61 

Drainage 61 

Excavation of water- way 61 

Grading of marsh ... 61 

Grading of slopes, loaming and planting 62 

Parkway 61 

Roadways, walks 61 

Charlesbank 66 

Buildings 66 

Gymnastic ground 66 

Lamps 66 

Plantations 66 

Franklin Park 6i 

Boundary wall for the Country Park 63 

Drainage of Nazingdale 64 

Drives and walks 63 

Ellicott arch 64 

Ellicottdale 64 

Gateways 63 

Overlook 65 

Playstead Green 63 

Shelter 63 

Marine Park 66 

Filling 66 

Iron pier 65 

Pier-head 65 



126 City Document No. 39. 

Parks, — continued. page 

Wood-Island Park 66 

Covered ctiannels of Muddy river and Stony brook 67 

City Engineers, 185U-1889 69 

Appendix A, showing width of draw-openings 72 

Appendix B, general index to City Engineer's report, 1868-1889. . 74 



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