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Full text of "Annual report of the City Engineer"

ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 



FORTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

City Engineer 

BOSTON 

FOR THE YEAR 1907 



Compliments of 

City Engineer. 



BOSTON 
Municipal Printing Office 
, „ 1008 



ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 



FORTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT 



CITY ENGINEER 



BOSTON 



FOR THE YEAR 1907 



tL^__*; 






BOSTON 

Municipal Printing Office 

1Q08 



b4-!.^t 







ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1907-1908. 



Engineering Department, City Hall, 

Boston, February 1, 1908. 

Hon. George A. Hibbard, 

Mayor of the City of Boston : 

Sir, — The following report of the expenses and operation 
of this department for the year ending January 31, 1908, is 
submitted : 

The duties of the City Engineer include the designing and 
superintending of the construction of new bridges, retaining 
walls, city wharves, and such other public engineering works 
as the City Council may authorize; the making of such sur- 
vey plans, estimates, statements and descriptions, and taking 
such levels as the City Government or any of its departments 
or committees may require; the custody of all surveys and 
plans relating to the laying out, locating anew, altering, 
widening or discontinuing of streets, and the new engineer- 
ing construction for all departments of the city. He shall be 
consulted on all work where the advice of a civil engineer 
would be of service. The office of the City Engineer was 
established by ordinance on October 31, 1850, and by chapter 
449 of the Acts of 1895. 



2 City Document No. 17. 

The follo"^dng is a statement of engineering expenses from 
February 1, 1907, to January 31, 1908: 



Amount of department appropriation for 1907- 

1908 . . ". 

Revenue 

Total 

Amount expended for 1907-1908 . . . . 

Unexpended balance . . . . 



882,000 00 
254 00 

$82,254 00 
82,240 35 

S13 65 



Statement of Expenditures, Department Appropriation. 

(Auditor's Report, page 54.) 
Salaries : 

Engineer, William Jackson . . $6,000 00 
Assistant Engineer, draughtsmen 

and assistants .... 68,298 30 



TraveUng expenses . 
Instruments, tools and repairs 
Exchange of automobile, repairs, 

storage .... 
Stationery .... 
Telephone ser\dce 
Printing .... 
Books and papers 
Blue printing and photographing 
Binding and plans 
Washing and smaU suppHes 
Horse-keeping . 
Typewriting 

Furniture and office expenses 
Messenger service 
Carting .... 



supphes 



and 



74,298 


30 


1,963 


59 


1,349 


46 


1,341 


23 


697 


46 


559 


05 


475 


70 


345 


94 


330 


84 


309 


21 


230 


00 


186 


92 


60 


70 


56 


38 


32 


72 


2 


85 



$82,240 35 



Abolishment of Grade Crossings. 
Congress Street. 
Expenditures from February 1, 1907, to January 31, 1908: 
Items of expenditure: 

Land taking $95,187 83 

Expert ser\'ices .... 945 62 

Auditing 50 00 

$96,183 45 

Expended previous to 1907 1,575,827 91 

$1,672,011 36 



Engineering Department. 



Dudley Street. 
Expenditures from February 1, 1907, to January 31, 1908: 
Items of expenditure: 

Land damages 

Apprizal services , 

Inspection 

Engineering . 

Auditing . 

Relocating water pipes 

Expended previous to 1907 



$163,400 00 






• 1,302 


00 






1,120 


00 






146 


50 






110 


00 






20 


45 


$166,098 


OfJ 






yo 






17,755 


00 



$183,853 95 



East Boston. 
Expenditures from February 1, 1907, to January 31, 1908: 
Items of expenditure: 



Paving, fences, etc 
Land damages 
Relocating water pipes 
Fire-engine house No. 40 
Engineering . 
Apprizal services . 
Inspection 

Saratoga-street sewer 
Advertising 
Printing . 



Expended previous to 1907 



$47,849 87 

20,150 00 

17,284 

5,548 

4,510 

3,868 

1,550 

231 

72 

28 



09 
21 
76 
00 
00 
78 
86 
09 



$101,093 66 
262,064 36 

$363,158 02 



Atlantic-avenue Bridge. 



Expenditures from February 1, 1907, to January 31, 1908: 
Items of expenditure: 



Draw span 






$14,094 60 


Draw machinery . 






11,798 89 


Engineering 






3,430 87 


Paving, fences, etc. 






2,952 81 


Painting 






2,086 57 


Drawtenders' house 






1,269 08 


Inspection 






892 50 


Roadway gates 






519 45 


Building concrete wall 






469 94 


Abutment wall 






86 35 


Advertising . 






2 50 



Expended previous to 1907 



$37,603 56 
500,012 40 

$537,615 96 



City Document No. 17. 



Brookline-street Bridge. 
Expenditures from February 1, 1907, to January 31, 1908: 
Items of expenditure: 

Land taking (widening Essex 

street) $10,023 31 

Pile and trestle work 
Apprizal services . 
Lighting 
Surfacing Essex street 

Expended previous to 1907 



133 34 




100 00 




10 64 




2 00 






$10,269 29 






124,509 59 



$134,778 88 



Northern Avenue and Sleeper Street, 



1907, to January 31, 1908: 



Expenditures from February 1 

Items of expenditure: 

Draw span and spans 1, 2 and 3 . 

Sea wall at dock No. 1 

Draw foundation and South BoS' 

ton abutment . . . , 
Flooring draw span and spans 1, 

2 and 3 . . 
Piers and abutments 
Engineering . 
Paving, fences, etc 
Inspection 
Rent of office 
Advertising 
Printing . 
Telephone 

Expended previous to 1907 



Bridges. 

The annual inspection of all highway and footbridges has 
been made, together with special examinations when notified 
by the Superintendent of Bridges of the progress of repairs. 

The management of all the bridges and draws between 
Cambridge and Boston, by the Acts of 1898, chapter 467, is 
vested in a board of two commissioners, which has charge of 
the following seven bridges, viz.: Brookline street, Cam- 
bridge, Cambridge street. Harvard, North Harvard street, 
Prison Point and Western avenue to Cambridge; one-half 



$105,995 06 




40,837 


10 




20,856 


88 




15,477 


24 




15,329 


87 




12,502 


64 




11,666 


89 




2,704 


01 




412 


75 




162 


83 




130 


52 




48 


83 


$226,124 62 










339,093 99 




$565,218 61 



Engineering Department. 5 

the cost of the mamtenance of these bridges is paid by each 
of these cities. 

Two bridges have been removed during the year, West 
Boston temporary bridge and WilHams-street bridge. 

In the hst of bridges those marked with a star (*) are over 
navigable waters, and are each provided with a draw, the 
openings of which are shown in a table in Appendix A. 

I. — Bridges wholly Supported by Boston. 

Agassiz road, m the Fens. 

Allston bridge, over Boston & Albany R.R., Brighton. 

Arborway bridge, in Arborway, over Stony brook. 

Ashland street, over Providence Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. 

R.R., West Roxbury. 
Athens street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 

* Atlantic avenue, over Fort Point channel. 
Audubon road, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Baker street, at Brook farm. West Roxbury. 
Beacon street, over outlet to the Fens, 
Beacon street, over Boston & Albany R.R. 

Bennington street, over Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R., 

East Boston. 
Berkeley street, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Bernier-street footbridge, in the Riverway. 
Berwick-park footbridge, over Providence Division, N. Y., 

N. H. & H. R.R. 
Blakemore street, over Providence Division, N. Y., N. H. & 

H. R.R., West Roxbury. 
Bolton street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
Boylston street, in the Fens. 
Boylston street, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Bridle path, over Muddy river, in the Riverway. 

* Broadway, over Fort Point channel. 
Broadway, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Brookline avenue, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Brooks street, over Brooks street, Brighton. 

Byron street, over Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. 

* Castle Island footbridge, from Marine park. South Boston, 
to Castle Island. 

Charlesgate, over Boston & Albany R.R., in the Fens. 
Charlesgate, over Ipswich street, in the Fens. 

* Charlestown bridge, from Boston to Charlestown. 

* Chelsea bridge. South, over South channel. Mystic river. 

* Chelsea street, from East Boston to Chelsea. 
Circuit drive, over Scarboro' pond, in Franklin park. 



6 City Document No. 17. 

Columbia road, over Old Colony Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. 

R.R. 
Columbia road, over Shoreham street. 
Columbus avenue, over Boston & Albany R.R. 

* Commercial point, or Tenean, Dorchester. 
Commonwealth avenue, in the Fens. 

* Congress street, over Fort Point channel. 

Cottage Farm bridge, over Boston & Albany R.R., Brighton. 
Cottage-street footbridge, over flats. East Boston. 
Dartmouth street, over Boston & Albany R.R. and Providence 
Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 

* Dorchester avenue, over Fort Point channel. 

* Dover street, over Fort Point channel. 
Ellicott arch, in Franklin park. 
Elmwood street, over Stony brook. 
Fen bridge, in the Fens. 

Ferdinand street, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Florence street, over Stony brook. 
Forest Hills entrance, in Franklin park. 
Gainsborough-street footbridge, over Providence Division, 

N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
Gold street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
Huntington avenue, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Hyde Park avenue, over Stony brook. 
Ipswich street, over Waterway, in the Fens. 
Irvington-street footbridge, over Providence Division, N. Y., 

N. H. & H. R.R. 
Keyes street, over Stony brook. 

* L street, over Reserved channel. South Boston. 
Leverett-pond footbridge, in Leverett park. 
Linden Park street, over Stony brook. 

* Maiden bridge, from Charlestown to Everett. 
Massachusetts avenue, over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Massachusetts avenue, over Providence Division, N. Y., N. H. 

& H. R.R. 

* Meridian street, from East Boston to Chelsea. 

* Mount Washington avenue, over Fort Point channel. 
Neptune road, over Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. 
Newton street, over Providence Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. 

R.R. 

Public Garden footbridge. 

Scarboro'-pond footbridge, in Franklin park. 

Shawmut avenue, over Boston & Albany R.R. and Provi- 
dence Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 

Southampton street, east of Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & 
H. R.R. 



Engineering Department. 7 

•'^Southampton street, west of Midland Division, N. Y., N, H. 
& H. R.R. 
Summer street, over A street, South Boston. 
Summer street, over B street. South Boston. 
Summer street, over C street, South Boston. 

* Summer street, over Fort Point channel. 

* Warren bridge, Boston to Charlestown. 

West Rutland-square footbridge, over Providence Division, 

N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
Winthrop bridge, from Breed's Island to Winthrop. 
Wood Island park footbridge, over Boston, Revere Beach & 

Lynn R.R. 

II. — Bridges of which Boston Supports the Part 

Within its Limits. 

Bellevue street, over Muddy river, in the Riverway. 
Bernier-street footbridge, over Muddy river, in the Riverway. 
Brookline avenue, over Muddy river, in the Riverway. 
Central avenue, from Dorchester to Milton. 

* Chelsea bridge. North, over North channel. Mystic river. 

* Granite bridge, from Dorchester to Milton. 
Huntington avenue, over Muddy river, in the Riverway. 
Longwood avenue, over Muddy river, in the Riverway, and 

over Boston & Albany R.R. 
Milton bridge, from Dorchester to Milton. 

* Neponset bridge, from Dorchester to Quincy. 

* North Beacon street, from Brighton to Watertown. 
Spring street, from West Roxbury to Dedham. 

* Western avenue, from Brighton to Watertown. 

III. — Bridges of which Boston Pays a Part of the 

Cost of Maintenance. 

Albany street, over Boston & Albany R.R. freight tracks. 
Ashmont street and Dorchester avenue, over Old Colony 

Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
Austin street, over Boston & Maine R.R,, Charlestown. 
Bennington street, over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston. 
Blue Hill avenue, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. 

R.R., Mattapan. 
Boston street, over Old Colony Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. 

R.R. 
Brookline street, from Brighton to Cambridge. 
Cambridge bridge, from Boston to Cambridge. 

* Cambridge street, from Brighton to Cambridge. 



8 City Document No. 17. 

Cambridge street, over Boston & Maine and Boston & Albany 

Railroads. 
Chelsea bridge, over Boston & Maine R.R., Charlestown. 
Curtis street, over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston. 
Dorchester avenue, over Old Colony Division, N. Y., N. H. & 

H. R.R. 
Everett street, over Boston & Albany R.R., Brighton. 

* Harvard bridge, from Boston to Cambridge. 

Harvard street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. 

R.R., Dorchester. 
Maverick street, over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston. 
Norfolk street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., 

near Dorchester station. 
Norfolk street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., 

near Mattapan station. 

* North Harvard street, from Brighton to Cambridge. 
Oakland street, over Midland Division, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., 

Mattapan. 
Perkins street, over Boston & Mame and Boston & Albany 

Railroads, Charlestown. 
Porter street, over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston. 
Prescott street, over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston. 

* Prison Point bridge, Charlestown to Cambridge. 
Saratoga street, over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston. 
Southampton street, over Old Colony Division, N. Y., N. H. & 

H. R.R. 
Summer street, over freight tracks, N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
West Fourth street, over Old Colony Division, N. Y., N. H. 

& H. R.R., South Boston. 

* Western avenue, from Brighton to Cangibridge. 

IV. — Bridges Supported by Railroad Corporations. 

1st. — Boston & Albany R.R. 
Albany street, over passenger tracks. 
Harrison avenue. 
Market street, Brighton. 
Tremont street. 
Washington street. 

2d. — Boston & Maine and Boston & Albany Railroads. 
Main street, Charlestown. 
Mystic avenue, Charlestown. 

3d. — Boston & Maine R.R., Eastern Division. 
Wauwatosa avenue. East Boston. 



Engineering Depaetment. 9 

4th. — Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. 
Everett street, East Boston. 

5th. — New York, New Haven & Hartford R.R., Midland 

Division. 

Broadway. 

Dorchester avenue. 

Fifth street. 

Fourth street. 

Morton street, Dorchester. 

Second street. 

Silver street. 

Sixth street. 

Third street. 

Washington street, Dorchester. 

6th. — New York, New Haven & Hartford R.R., Old Colony 

Division. 

Adams street. 
Cedar Grove Cemetery. 
Freeport street. 
Medway street. 
Savin Hill avenue. 

7th. — New York, New Haven & Hartford R.R., Providence 

Division. 

Albany street. 

Baker street, West Roxbury. 

Beech street. West Roxbury. 

Bellevue street. West Roxbury. 

Berkeley street. 

Broadway. 

Canterbury street, West Roxbury. 

Castle square. 

Centre and Mt. Vernon streets. West Roxbury. 

Columbus avenue. 

Dartmouth street. 

Dudley avenue. West Roxbury. 

Gardner street. West Roxbury. 

Harrison avenue. 

Park street, West Roxbury. 

Washington street. 



10 City Document No. 17. 

V. — Bkidge Supported by the Metropolitan Park 

Commission. 

Mattapan bridge, Dorchester to Milton. 

VI. — Bridge Supported by the Charles River Basin 

Commission. 

* Craigie temporary bridge. 

Recapitulation of Bridges. 

I. Number wholly supported by Boston ... 78 
II. Number of which Boston supports that part 

within its limits 13 

III. Number of which Boston pays a part of the cost 

of maintenance 30 

IV. Number supported by railroad corporations : 

1. Boston & Albany R.R 5 

2. Boston & Maine and Boston & Albany Railroads, 2 

3. Boston & Maine, Eastern Division .... 1 

4. Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. ... 1 

5. N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., Midland Division . . 10 

6. N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., Old Colony Division . 5 

7. N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., Providence Division . 16 
V. Number supported by the Metropolitan Park 

Commission 1 

VI. Number supported by Charles River Basin Com- 
mission 1 

Total i63 

Agassiz-road Bridge (in the Fens). 

This bridge was built in 1887, of brick and stone masonry. 
It is maintained by the Park Department, and is in good 
condition. 

Albany-street Bridge {over the Boston & Albany R.R. Freight 

Tracks) . 

The original structure was built in 1856-57, and rebuilt 
in 1867-68. The present bridge was built in 1886-87, and 
is maintained in part by the City of Boston and in part by 
the Boston & Albany R.R. New railings have been built 
during the past year. The flooring of this bridge is in poor 
condition and should be renewed at once. The connections 



Engineering Department. 11 

of floor beams to trusses are badly corroded and should be 
strengthened. The stringer seats should also be repaired 
and the whole bridge cleaned and painted. 

Allston Bridge (over the Boston & Albany R.R., Brighton). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1892. The ironwork above 
the floor should be cleaned and painted and the sidewalk 
planking and boxing about the bottom chords should be 
renewed. 

Arborway Bridge (over Stony brook, in Arborway, near Forest 
Hills Station) . 

This is a wooden bridge resting on abutments of vulcan- 
ized spruce piles. The stringers and under planking are of 
vulcanized hard pine. When this bridge was built, in 1893, 
it was assumed that within ten years the channel of Stony 
brook would be improved at this point, and a temporary 
structure w^as all that was deemed necessary. Some of the 
piles are now badly decayed and the tops of the stringers 
are poor. The bridge should be repaired unless the proposed 
improvements are to be made at once. The bridge is main- 
tained by the Park Department. 

Ashland-street Bridge (over Providence Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R., West Roxbury). 

The present structure is of iron, and was built in 1875. 
With the exception of the fences the bridge is in fair condi- 
tion. The recommendation made last year is renewed, that 
the fences be rebuilt this season. 

Ashmont-street and Dorchester-avenue Bridge (over Old Colony 
Division, New York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a wooden bridge formerly maintained by the rail- 
road company. It was lengthened on the Boston side in 
1895, and now the city maintains 75 feet of the northerly 
part. The bridge has been repaired and is now in fair 
condition. 

Athens-street Bridge (over Midland Division, New York, New 
Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1874. The sidewalk has 
been patched. The sidewalk planking and deck planking 
should be renewed and the bridge painted. 



12 City Document No. 17. 

Atlantic-avenue Bridge {over Fort Point Channel). 
(See page 43.) 

Auduhon-road Bridge (over the Boston & Albany R.R.). 

This is a steel plate girder bridge, built in 1893-94, and is 
maintained by the Park Department. The sidewalk plank- 
ing should be renewed and some of the roadway stringers 
should be replaced. The ironwork should be cleaned and 
painted at the same time. 

Austin-street Bridge (over Boston & Maine R.R., Charlestown) . 

This is a steel plate girder deck bridge with steel floor 
beams supporting a wooden flooring, built under the decree 
of the Superior Court abolishing the Austin-street grade 
crossing. It was built in 1903-07 by the Boston & Maine 
Railroad Company, and is over the railroad location. The 
bridge has fourteen spans resting on stone piers; it is 50 feet 
wide and has one 10-foot plank sidewalk and a roadway, 
39 feet wide, paved with stone blocks. Part of this bridge 
was opened to travel May 6, 1903, being connected to the 
Cambridge end by temporary structures. The entire bridge 
was opened to travel September 17, 1907. The bridge was 
painted last year. The surface of the bridge is maintained 
by the city, the remainder by the railroad company. 

Baker-street Bridge (at Brook Farm, West Roxhury). 

This is a wooden stringer bridge of about 15 feet span. 
It is in fair condition. 

Beacon-street Bridge (over Outlet of the Fens). 

This bridge was built in 1880-81, and had, up to 1901, a 
wooden floor for the roadway. At the latter date a new 
floor was built, consisting of 18-inch steel I-beams encased in 
Portland cement concrete, and the roadway was paved with 
hard pine blocks, treated by the creo-resinate process. The 
bridge is now in good condition. 

Beacon-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1884-85, widened in 1887-88, 
and the central roadway further widened in 1890 for the con- 
venience and at the expense of the street railway company. 
Attention has been called for several years to the Condition 



Engineering Department. 13 

of this bridge, especially below the flooring. The ironwork 
below the floor is very rusty and should be cleaned so as to 
determine how much its strength has been reduced. The 
wooden flooring is badly decayed and should be renewed at 
once. It is recommended that the work on this bridge be 
done this season. 

Bellevue-street Bridge (over Muddy River in Riverway). 

This is a segmental masonry arch of 44 feet span and 15 
feet rise. It was built in 1893 by the Park Departments of 
Boston and Brookline, and is maintained jointly by them. 

Bennington-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R., East 

Boston). 

This is a steel plate girder bridge built by the railroad 
company in 1906 under the decree of the Superior Court 
abolishing the grade crossings in East Boston. The surface 
of the bridge is maintained by the city, and the rest of the 
structure by. the railroad company. It is in good condition. 

Bennington-street Bridge (over Boston, Revere Beach & 
Lynn R.R.). 

This bridge is made up of two independent parts; the old 
part is of iron, built in 1889; the new part is of steel, built 
in 1902. The bridge should be painted, the boxing at the 
girder of the south roadway should be renewed and the 
deck planking needs repairing. 

Berkeley-street Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R. and 
Providence Division, New York, New Haven & Hartford 
R.R.). 

The bridge over the tracks of the Boston & Albany R.R., 
which is maintained by the city, was originally built for the 
Boston Water Power Company, and accepted by the city in 
1869. The present structure over these tracks is a thi'ough 
plate girder bridge, and was built in 1891. Some of the wood- 
work should be renewed and the whole bridge cleaned and 
painted. At the time this work is done the floor beams 
should be carefully examined. 

The bridge over the tracks of the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
was built in 1899, and is maintained by that company. Dur- 
ing the past year a new floor has been laid and the bridge 
painted. 



14 City Document No. 17. 

Bernier-street Footbridge {over Bridle Path in Riverway).^"^ 

This is a semi-circular masonry arch of 38 feet 4 inches 
span. It was built in 1893, and is maintained by the Park 
Department. 

Bernier-street Footbridge {over Muddy River) I 

This is a segmental masonry arch of 52 feet span and 14 
feet rise. It was built in 1893 by the Park Departments of 
Boston and Brookline and is maintained jointly by them. 

Berimck-park Footbridge {over Providence Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron footbridge, erected in 1894. The iron stairs 
and piers were new, but the trusses and floor beams were 
those built for Franklin street in 1883. The planking is thin 
and should be renewed and the whole bridge painted, 

Blakemore-street Bridge {over Providence Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1881-82. New lower plank- 
ing should be put in and the whole bridge should be cleaned 
and painted. 

Blue Hill^avenue Bridge {over Midland Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a steel bridge built by the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
in 1903, and is over the railroad location. The surface of the 
bridge is maintained by the city, the remainder by the railroad 
company. The steel work is very rusty in places, and the 
bridge should be painted, otherwise it is in good condition. 

Bolton-street Bridge {over Midland Division, New York, New 
Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a wooden bridge, originally built in 1889 and rebuilt 
in 1905. It is in good condition, except the fencing which has 
been cut. 

Boston-street Bridge {over Old Colony Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a plate girder bridge, built in 1900, in connection 
with the abolishment of the grade crossing on Dorchester 



Engineering Department, 15 

avenue. The surface of the bridge is maintained by the city 
and the rest of the structure by the railroad company. The 
south sidewalk and the boxing around the girders need repair- 
ing, otherwise the bridge is in good condition. 

Boylston-street Arch Bridge {in the Fens). 

This is a stone arch bridge, built in 1881. It is in good con- 
dition, with the exception of coping, which should be repointed 
without further delay. 

Boylston-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1886-88. In 1906 the Boston 
Elevated Railway Company received permission to strengthen 
it to carry heavier cars. At each side of the bridge this com- 
pany inserted a truss between the city trusses, provided 
eleven new floor beams at mid-panel points, and thus arranged 
to support a strip of floor to include its tracks and extend 
nearly from parapet to parapet. This structure was built in 
the fall of 1907. The loads carried by it are completely sepa- 
rated from the loads carried by the city bridge, and the 
trusses of one bridge, with the portions of floor carried by it, 
are perfectly free to deflect independently of the other bridge. 

The steel of the old bridge beneath the floor, seldom painted 
on account of difficulty of access, and almost constantly ex- 
posed to locomotive fumes, had rusted very badly. When 
the floor was removed to erect the Elevated Railway bridge 
this deterioration was found even worse than expected. It 
was also necessary to temporarily cut apart the metal work 
of the old structure to some extent, still further weakening 
it. Therefore the idea of again putting the old structure into 
service was abandoned, and the bridge was ordered closed to 
team travel as unsafe until rebuilt. The Boston Elevated 
Railway Company laid a strip of temporary floor, partly on its 
permanent floor beams and partly on temporary I-beams, 
fenced it off. from the unfloored roadways, and began running 
cars. The sidewalks were opened to foot travel. The bridge 
was in this condition at the date of this report. An appropria- 
tion of sixty thousand dollars is recommended to rebuild that 
portion of the bridge which was built in 1888. 

Bridle-path Bridge {over Muddy River in the Riverway). 

This is a masonry bridge of three arches; the central arch 
is elliptical in form, with a span of 30 feet and a rise of 9 
feet 6 inches; the side arches are semicircular, 15 feet in 



16 City Document No. 17. 

diameter. It was built in 1894, and is maintained by the 
Park Department. It is in good condition. 

Broadway Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 

The draw was built in 1874-75 and the supports for the 
draw landings are iron columns. The rest of the bridge is 
built of steel on masonry piers, and was rebuilt in 1901-04. 
The steel work over Foundry street, the plate girders, the 
roadway gates and part of the fencing should be painted. 
Some of the track and wheels below the draw need renewal 
and the planking on the pier, waterway and the boxing at 
the trusses need repairing, otherwise the bridge is in good 
condition. 



Broadway Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R.). 

The old bridge, built in 1880-81, was replaced in 1900 by 
the present bridge. The whole bridge should be cleaned and 
painted, new sidewalks built, new lower planking laid and 
portions of the fences repaired. 

Brookline-avenue Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1884. The railings will 
need painting next year, otherwise the bridge is now in good 
condition. 

Brookline-avenue Bridge (over Muddy River in the Riverway). 

This is a semicircular masonry arch of 15 feet span. It 
was built in 1892 by the Park Departments of Boston and 
Brookline, and is maintained by them jointly. 

Brookline-street Bridge (from Brighton to Cambridge). 

This is a wooden trestle bridge, built on a pile foundation 
in 1906, and is in care of the Commissioners for Boston and 
Cambridge Bridges, and the city pays one-half the cost of 
maintenance. 

Brooks-street Bridge (near Faneuil Station, Brighton). 

This is a steel bridge, with a concrete and asphalt floor, 
built in 1902. The bridge should be painted, and the road- 
way surface should be repaired. 



Engineering Department. 17 

Byron-street Bridge {over Boston, Revere Beach & 
Lynn R.R.). 

This is a wooden bridge, built in 1889; it needs a general 
overhauling. 

Cambridge Bridge (from Boston to Cambridge). 

The new bridge was completed in the fall of 1907, the 
formal dedication having taken place July 31. Since 
December 21, 1907, the bridge has been maintained by the 
Commissioners of the Boston and Cambridge Bridges, and 
the city pays one-half of the cost of maintenance. The 
structure is in good condition. 

Cambridge-street Bridge (from Brighton to Cambridge). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. 
The Boston end was rebuilt in 1884. The draw, sidewalk on 
Boston end and the Cambridge end of the bridge were rebuilt 
in 1890. The bridge is in the care of the Commissioners for 
the Boston and Cambridge Bridges, and the city pays 
one-half the cost of maintenance. The bridge is in poor 
condition, and needs extensive repairing. The waterways 
need replanking, especially under the Boston leaf of the 
draw, where the piling needs additional securing; some 
of the piles are in poor condition, and need renewal; the 
deck planking on the Boston side has been repaired in spots 
many times, and should be entirely renewed and additional 
stringers added; one draw arm needs renewal; the fender 
guards need repairing. The support to the drawtender's 
house needs strengthening, and a boat should be provided. 
The channel cap and several stringers resting upon it on the 
Cambridge side need renewal. 

Cambridge-street Bridge (over Boston & Maine and 
Boston & Albany Railroads, Charlestown). 

This is a steel bridge of four spans, built in 1901 by the 
Boston & Maine R.R. The surface is maintained by the 
city, the remainder by the railroad company. The bridge 
needs painting and some of the sidewalk planking needs 
renewal. 

Castle Island Footbridge (from Marine Park to Castle Island). 

This is a temporary footbridge, built in 1892, and is main- 
tained by the Park Department. It connects the Marine 



18 City Document No. 17. 

Park with Castle Island, and is furnished with a draw, so 
that if desired by the United States authorities the island 
can be cut off from the mainland. The planking has been 
repaired. The bridge should be painted; otherwise the 
bridge is "in fair condition. 

Central-avenue Bridge {over Neponset River, Dorchester 
Lower Mills). 

This is an iron bridge, and was built in 1876. The city 
maintains the part within its limits. The sidewalks have 
been replanked. The fences need painting, and some of the 
roadway stringers need renewal. 

Charlesgate Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R., in the Fens). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1881-82, and is maintained 
by the Park Department. The railings need painting, and 
some slight repairing should be done at the end of one of 
them. 

Charlesgate Bridge {over Ipswich street, in the Fens). 

This is a deck plate girder bridge with a buckle plate floor, 
built in 1900-01. The roadway is paved with asphalt and 
the sidewalks with artificial stone. The bridge should be 
painted and the ornamental railings repaired. 

Charlestown Bridge {from Boston to Charlestown). 

This bridge was opened to public travel November 27, 
1899, and superseded the old Charles River bridge, which 
was built in 1785-86. 

The present bridge over the river consists of ten spans of 
the deck-plate type, each 85 feet long, and a swing or turn- 
table draw 240 feet 6 inches long. 

The bridges over Water street and over the railroad tracks 
each consist of two spans of steel I-beams, with brick arches 
turned between the beams. 

The entire bridge and the drawtenders' house should be 
painted, the floor of the draw repaired and new dolphins 
provided. 

Chelsea Bridge {over Boston & Maine R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built by the Boston & Maine Rail- 
road Company in 1894, and is over the railroad location. 
The surface of the bridge is maintained by the city, the 
remainder by the railroad company. The wheel guard is too 



Engineeking Department. 19 

low and narrow; the fences and sidewalk planking need 
repairing, and the bridge needs painting; some of the track 
stringers begin to show decay ,Vjtherwise the bridge is in 
good condition. 

Chelsea Bridge, North {over North Channel, Mystic River). 

The city maintains the part within its limits. The original 
structure was built in 1802-03. The piles under the main 
bridge were driven in 1880. The upper part of the bridge, 
the draw and draw foundations were built in 1895. The 
draw way was widened to 60 feet in 1900, the draw founda- 
tion being enlarged, the draw lengthened and the draw piers 
built. The fender guard has been repaired, some of the piling 
has been strengthened, and ordinary repairs have been made. 
The sidewalk and roadway planking on the draw need re- 
newal and some stringers should be added. The draw should 
be furnished with new machinery; an additional bearing 
should be provided at the skew end; the sides of the water- 
way need extensive repairing; the entire bridge should be 
painted ; the track stringers and the fences should be repaired ; 
the old fender guards are in poor condition. 

Chelsea Bridge, South (over South Channel, Mystic River). 

This is a pile bridge with an iron draw. The original 
bridge was built in 1802-03. The piles of the present bridge 
were driven and the draw was built in 1877. That part of 
the bridge above the girder caps was rebuilt at a higher grade, 
and the draw was raised in 1895. Repairs are needed on the 
track and draw rest. Where- the rebuilding of 1895 joins the 
old work repairs are needed on both sides of the bridge, 
otherwise the bridge is in fair condition. 

Chelsea-street Bridge (from East Boston to Chelsea). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron swing draw. The 
original bridge was built in 1834; was rebuilt in 1848, 1873, 
and again in 1894-95. The planking on the pier and on the 
sidewalk of the main bridge should be renewed, and an 
electric motor should be installed for operating the draw. 

Circuit-drive Bridge {over Scarhoro' Pond, in Franklin Park). 

This is an elliptical masonry arch of 30 feet span and 6 
feet 3 inches rise. It was built in 1893, and is maintained 
by the Park Department. 



20 City Document No. 17. 

C olumhia-road Bridge {over Old Colony Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a deck plate girder bridge of two equal spans, one 
over the tracks of the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R., and the other 
over Old Colony avenue, and was built in 1902. The road- 
way is paved with Canton brick, cement grout joints, and 
laid on hard pine planking. The sidewalks have an asphalt 
wearing surface, and although they were laid only four years 
ago they are now badly cracked and should be put in good 
condition. The whole bridge should be painted next year. 

C olumhia-road Bridge {over Shoreham street). 

This bridge was built in 1902. It is a two-span steel- 
beam structure, with brick and concrete arches turned be- 
tween the beams; the roadway is paved with Canton brick, 
laid with cement grout joints. The sidewalk is of artificial 
stone. The bridge should be painted, otherwise it is in good 
condition. 

Columbus-avenue Bridges {over Boston & Albany R.R., and 
Providence Division, New York, New Haven <& Hart- 
ford R.R.). 

The bridge over the Boston & Albany R.R. was built in 
1876-77, and is maintained by the city. In 1899 the bridge 
was shortened 11 feet at its south end, and a pier built in 
place of the old south abutment. The sidewalks have been 
repaired during the past year and the bridge is now in fair 
condition. 

The bridge over the tracks of the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. 
was built in 1899, and is maintained by that company. 

Commercial Point or Tenean Bridge {Dorchester). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. 
The piles were driven in 1875. The draw and upper part of 
the bridge was rebuilt in 1901. The deck planking on the 
main bridge has been renewed and the bridge is in good 
condition. 

Commonwealth-avenue Bridge {in the Fens). 

This is an iron bridge, and was built in 1881-82. It is in 
good condition, with the exception of the paint; the whole 
bridge should be painted. It is maintained by the Park 
Department. 



Engineering Department. 21 

Congress-street Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 
This is a wooden pile bridge, with an iron turntable draw, 
on a stone foundation, and was built in 1874-75. The 
upper part of the bridge and the upper part of the pier are in 
very poor condition and should be rebuilt as soon as Northern- 
avenue bridge is opened to travel. The track should be 
renewed. 

Cottage-farm Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R., Brighton). 
The present bridge was built in 1895-96. With the excep- 
tion of the plate girders on the outside lines of the bridge, 
and some special construction under the sidewalks, the 
superstructure is composed of 20-inch steel beams, filled 
between with brick arches and Portland cement concrete, on 
which is a wearing surface of Sicilian rock asphalt. The 
bridge is in good condition. 

Cottage-street Footbridge {over flats, East Boston). 
This is a wooden pile bridge, built in 1889, for foot travel. 
It was extensively repaired in 1905. As the filling at the 
southerly end of the bridge has been carried out for quite a 
distance, part of the bridge should be removed. The sheath- 
ing needs repairing and the fences should be painted. 

Craigie Temporary Bridge. 
This is a wooden pile bridge, built by the Charles River 
Basin Commission to accommodate travel during the con- 
struction of the Charles River Dam. It was opened to travel 
July 2, 1905. It is in the care of the commission and is in 
good condition. 

Curtis-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston). 
This is a tlii'ough steel plate girder bridge, built by the 
railroad company in 1906 under the decree of the Superior 
Court abolishing the grade crossings in East Boston. It was 
opened to travel December 29, 1906. The surface of the 
bridge is maintained by the city and the rest of the structure 
by the railroad company. The bridge is in good condition. 

Dartmouth-street Bridges {over Boston & Albany R.R. and 
Providence Division, New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford R.R.). 
The bridge over the Boston & Albany R.R. was built 
in 1878-79, and is maintained by the city. Very extensive 



22 City Document No. 17. 

changes were made in this bridge in 1889 by the railroad 
companies, necessitated by the new location of the tracks of 
the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. leading to the South Station and 
the abandoning of the tracks connecting this road with the 
Boston & Albany R.R. The lower planking and stringers of 
roadway have been repaired during the year and considerable 
painting done below the floor. The bridge is now in fair 
condition. The bridge over the tracks of the N. Y., N. H. 
& H. R.R. was built in 1899, and is maintained by the railroad 
company. The asphalt surface at its northerly end is poor. 

Dorchester-avenue Bridge {over Fort Point Channel). 

This is a wooden pile bridge, with a double retractile iron 
draw, and was rebuilt in 1891-92. The bridge should be 
painted, more stiffeners should be placed on the draw. The 
sidewalk planking and a few curb stringers on the draw should 
be renewed, the sills and planking on the wharves and piers 
need renewal, and additional supports are needed under the 
house; some of the spur-shores have begun to decay, and 
should be refitted; the waterway should be repaired; the 
wreckage among the piling should be removed. 

Dorchester-avenue Bridge (over Old Colony Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.) . 

This is a steel bridge, built in 1900, over the new location 
of the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. The surface of the bridge is 
maintained by the city and the rest of the structure by the 
railroad company. The deck planking, sidewalk planking 
and boxing around the girders need repairing, otherwise the 
bridge is in good condition. 

Dover-street Bridge (over Fort Point Channel). 

This was originally a wooden pile bridge, built in 1805, 
rebuilt in 1858-59, and again in 1876. In 1893-94, upon 
the abolition of the grade crossing of the Old Colony R.R., 
the present iron structure, resting on masonry piers, was 
built. Two shelter houses for pedestrians have been built 
on the bridge, and miscellaneous repairs made. The side- 
walk planking on the draw needs renewal ; the bridge should 
be painted; some new track is needed for the draw; the rack 
should be realigned in order that the draw may be reversed; 
the concrete of the draw foundation pier should be repaired 
and the other piers should be repointed; the planking on 
the wharves should be repaired. 



Engineering Department. 23 

Ellicott-arch Bridge (in Franklin Park). 

This is a semicircular masonry arch of 17 feet 6 inches 
span. It was built in 1889, and is maintained by the Park 
Department. 

Elmwood-street Bridge {over Stony Brook). 

This is a wooden stringer bridge of about 16 feet span. 
It is expected that a new masonry structure will be built 
during the coming year in connection with the improvements 
of Stony brook. 

Everett-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R., Brighton). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1891 by the Boston & Albany 
Railroad Company. The bridge should be thoroughly 
cleaned and painted, and the flooring of the roadway and 
sidewalks should be renewed at once. 

Fen Bridge {in the Fens) . 
This bridge was built in 1891-93. It is in good condition. 

Ferdinand-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1892. In 1899 this bridge 
was shortened about three feet at its southerly end, and the 
old south abutment replaced by a brick pier. The bridge is 
in good condition, except the sidewalks and fences which 
should be rebuilt. When the sidewalks are rebuilt the 
stringer seats should be strengthened. 

Florence-street Bridge {over Stony Brook). 

This is a wooden stringer bridge of about 15 feet span, and 
is in fair condition. 

Forest Hills Entrance Bridge {in Franklin Park). 

This bridge was built in 1894-95. It is maintained by 
the Park Department, and is in good condition. 

Gainsborough-street Footbridge {over Providence Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron footbridge, erected in 1904. It should be 
painted. 



24 City Document No. 17. 

Gold-street Bridge {over Midland Division, New York, New 
Haven & Hartford R.R.). 
This bridge was built in 1895, replacing a footbridge which 
was built in 1890; the sidewalk planking should be renewed; 
the bridge should be painted and the walls need some point- 
ing, otherwise the bridge is in good condition. 

Granite Bridge (from Dorchester to Milton). 
This is a wooden pile bridge, with a wooden leaf draw. 
The city maintains the part within its limits. The bridge 
was originally built in 1837. One draw arm and the stringers 
in the section next the draw way have been renewed and the 
draw and adjoining bay have been replanked. The remain- 
ing part of the bridge is in poor condition and should be 
rebuilt, and the abutments should be repaired. 

Harvard Bridge (from Boston to Cambridge). 

This is an iron bridge with an iron turntable draw, and 
was built in 1887-91. This bridge is in the care of two com- 
missioners, one appointed from Boston and one from Cam- 
bridge, and the expense of maintenance is borne equally by 
each city. 

The roadway of the fixed spans was repaired in 1901-02 
and a wooden block paving laid. In 1905 the asphalt walks 
were replaced by 3-inch hard pine and the railings were 
painted. The roadway stringers on the draw span and the 
lower planking are in very bad condition. The stringers are 
those put in when the bridge was built, and only a small 
amount of patching has been done to the lower planking. 
Attention has been called to the condition of the floor for 
several years, and now it has reached a state where it is not 
safe for the heavy loads which pass over it. It is recom- 
mended that a new deck be put on at once. The masonry 
piers should be repointed and the fender pier replanked. 
The entire bridge should be painted. 

Harvard-street Bridge ' (over Midland Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R., Dorchester). 
This is a steel bridge, built in 1904 under an agreement 
between the city and the N. Y., N. H. & H. Railroad Com- 
pany. It needs painting, and is otherwise in good condition. 

Huntington-avenue Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R.). 
This is an iron bridge. It was built in 1872, and in 1876-77 
the abutments were rebuilt and the bridge widened by the 



Engineering Department. 25 

addition of two new girders. In 1896, in consequence of 
changes in the grade of the avenue, the floor was entirely 
rebuilt and new girders added for supporting the water pipes. 
This is one of the oldest bridges in the city, and its condition 
is such that it cannot longer be considered safe for the heavy 
traffic that is liable to come upon it. It should be rebuilt at 
once. 

Huntington-avenue Bridge {over Muddy River). 
This is a semicircular masonry arch of 15 feet span. It 
was built in 1893, and is maintained by the Park Depart- 
ments of Boston and Brookline. 

Hyde Park-avenue Bridge {over Stony Brook). 
This is a stringer bridge of 19 feet 9 inches clear span, 
measured at right angles, and was built in 1904. The road- 
way stringers are hard pine timber; those under street rail- 
way tracks are 16 inches by 20 inches, and all others are 
8 inches by 16 inches. The lower planking of roadway is 
4-inch hard pine and the wearing surface is 2-inch spruce. 
The sidewalk planking is 3-inch spruce. The bridge is in 
good condition. 

Ipswich-street Bridge {over Waterway in the Fens). 
The bridge was built in 1898, and is in good condition, 
except the railings, which should be painted. 

Irvington-street Footbridge {over Providence Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 
This is an iron footbridge, and was built in 1892. The 
flooring is thin and should be renewed this year. The whole 
bridge should be cleaned and painted, and at the time this 
is done the steel work should be carefully examined, and 
any parts that may have become weakened by rusting should 
be renewed. , 

Keyes-street Bridge {over Stony Brook). 
This is a wooden stringer bridge of about 15 feet span 
With slight repairs it can be kept safe for travel until the 
improvements to the brook render a bridge at this point 
unnecessary. 

L-street Bridge {over Reserved Channel, South Boston). 
This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron retractile draw. 
It was built in 1892. Some of the piling in the fender guard 



26 City Document No. 17. 

and under the 6-foot walk needs renewal; the bridge should 
be painted ; the draw should be redecked ; the planking on the 
waterways, piers and wharves needs repairing; additional 
stringers are needed near the engine house, and the asphalt 
walks need repairing. 

Leverett-pond Footbridge (in Lever ett Park). 

This is a segmental masonry arch of 24 feet span and 5 feet 
5 inches rise. It was built in 1894, and is maintained by the 
Park Department. 

Linden Park-street Bridge {over Stony Brook). 

This is a wooden bridge, built in 1886, and at that time 
was considered a ''temporary" structure. The timber in the 
trusses and floor beams is now badly decayed, and the bridge 
cannot now be considered safe for heavy loads. It should 
be closed to travel without further delay, and the building 
of the masonry structure at this point begun at once. 

Longwood-avenue Bridge {over Muddy River and Boston & 
Albany R.R.). 

The original wooden structure was built in 1857, and 
rebuilt in 1877. The present masonry arches were erected 
in 1899 by the Park Departments of Boston and Brookline, 
and are maintained jointly by them. 

Maiden Bridge {from Charlestown to Everett). 

This is a wooden pile bridge, with a retractile steel draw, and 
was rebuilt in 1900-01. The bridge has been strengthened by 
the Boston Elevated Railway Company for carrying heavier 
cars, additional wooden stringers being placed from below, and 
some steel work was done on the draw, and ordinary repairs 
have been made; the planking on the draw needs renewal, 
and about 50 feet of fence should be built on the wing of the 
abutment at the Charlestown end. The lower part of draw 
and track foundation needs painting, some of the paving at 
Everett end of bridge needs attention, and the walks need 
resurfacing. The bridge is otherwise in good condition. 

Massachusetts-avenue Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1876. The bridge is not 
safe for heavy street cars, and should be rebuilt at once. , 



Engineering Department. 27 

Massachusetts-avenue Bridge {over Providence Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1876. The woodwork was 
renewed in 1901, and the ironwork cleaned and painted. 
The roadways carrying street cars have been strengthened 
during the year by the Boston Elevated Railway Company. 
The other roadway and the sidewalks should have new floors, 
and the whole bridge painted. 

Mattapan Bridge {Jrom Dorchester to Milton). 

This is a three-arch bridge of Melan construction, with 
granite facing. It was built in 1902 by the Metropolitan 
Park Commission, and is maintained by it. The arches are 
semicircular, two spans being 14 feet and one 50 feet; the 
bridge has one 56-foot roadway and two 12-foot sidewalks. 
It is in good condition. 

Maverick-street Bridge {over the Boston & Albany R.R., East 

Boston). 

This is a through steel-plate girder bridge, built by the 
railroad company in 1906 under the decree of the Superior 
Court abolishing the grade crossings in East Boston. It was 
opened to travel last summer. The surface of the bridge is 
maintained by the city and the rest of the structure by the 
railroad company. It is in good condition. 

Meridian-street Bridge {from East Boston to Chelsea). 

This is a wooden pile bridge, with a wooden turntable 
draw on a pile foundation. The original structure was built 
in 1858. It was rebuilt soon afterwards, and was widened 
and rebuilt in 1884, excepting the draw, which was built in 
1875-76. The chords of the draw were rebuilt in 1896. The 
main part of the bridge was strengthened for the use of 
heavy electrics in 1906, and the draw was repaired and strength- 
ened last year. The planking on the pier has been repaired 
and some work has been done on the waterways. The road- 
way planking, the waterways and the pier are in poor condi- 
tion, and the fences should be repaired and painted. 

Milton Bridge {from Dorchester to Milton). 

The city maintains the part within its limits. The original 
structure is very old. It was widened in 1871-72. The 



28 City Document No. 17. 

older part of this bridge was built of stone, and the widening 
is an iron structure on stone columns. The westerly side- 
walk was rebuilt on new iron girders and floor beams in 
1900. The bridge should be painted, and the sidewalk 
planking on the down-stream side of the bridge should be 
renewed in part, the fascia needs repairing and one of the cap- 
stones over the first waterway is cracked. 

Mt. Washington-avenue Bridge {over Fort Point Channel). 

This is a wooden pile bridge with an iron draw. It was 
built in 1854, and rebuilt in 1870-71. It has been closed 
to travel since the summer of 1904. 

Neponset Bridge (from Dorchester to Quincy). 

The city maintains the part within its limits. The original 
structure was built in 1802, and the present one in 1877; 
the draw and upper woodwork of the bridge and piers are in 
poor condition ; the draw is too heavy to be raised by hand, 
and it should be replaced by a turntable draw. 

Neptune-road Bridge (over Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1887-88, and is maintained 
by the Park Department. The roadway has been redecked, 
and some of the ironwork below has been painted. The 
sidewalk planking needs patching, and the bridge should be 
painted. 

Newton-street Bridge (over Providence Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron bridge, built in 1872, It was cleaned and 
painted in 1902 and a new deck put on. The fences are 
poor and the angle seats for the roadway stringers are badly 
corroded. A careful examination should be made of this 
bridge at an early date to ascertain how much longer it can 
be safely continued in service. 

Norfolk-street Bridge (over Midland Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R., near Dorchester Station). 

This is a steel bridge, built in 1905 under an agreement 
between the city and the N. Y., N. H. & H. Railroad Com- 
pany. The bridge should be painted and the adjoining tem- 
porary fences should be replaced by permanent ones. The 
bridge is in good condition. 



Engineering Department. 29 

Norfolk-street Bridge {over Midland Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R., near Mattapan Station). 

This is a through lattice girder bridge, and was built by 
the railroad company in 1902. The surface of the bridge is 
maintained by the city, and the rest of the structure by the 
railroad company. The sidewalk planking needs repairing, 
otherwise the bridge is in good condition. 

North Beacon-street Bridge (from Brighton to Watertown). 

The city maintains the part within its limits. This is a 
wooden pile bridge with a wooden leaf draw. The original 
structure was built in 1822, and the present one in 1884. 
The bridge is in poor condition. It should be rebuilt without 
a draw. 

North Harvard-street Bridge (from Brighton to Cambridge). 

This bridge was originally builtan 1662, and was rebuilt, 
except the piling, in 1879; the draw was built in 1891. The 
bridge is in the care of the Commissioners for the Boston 
and Cambridge Bridges; the city pays one-half the cost of 
maintenance. The bridge is in poor condition, and should 
be rebuilt and replaced by a wider structure, more in keeping 
with the improvements recently made in the vicinity. 

Oakland-street Bridge (over Midland Division, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a new steel plate girder bridge, built by the railroad 
company in 1902 under the decree of the Superior Court 
abolishing the grade crossing at this point. The surface of 
the bridge is maintained by the city and the rest of the 
structure by the railroad company. The bridge should be 
painted and the sidewalk planking renewed. 

Perkins-street Footbridge (over the Boston & Maine R.R. and 
Boston & Albany R.R. in Charlestown). 

This bridge was built in 1900, and opened to travel Feb- 
ruary 2, 1901; it has two spans of wooden stringers and one 
of steel Pratt trusses. The surface is maintained by the 
city, the rest of the structure by the railroad companies. 
The slate steps are badly worn and the painting is in poor 
condition, otherwise the bridge is in good condition. 



30 City Document No. 17. 

Porter-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R., East Boston). 

This is a new through steel truss bridge, built in 1906-07 
by the railroad company under the decree of the Superior 
Court abolishing grade crossings in East Boston. It was 
opened to travel in the fall. The surface of the bridge is 
maintained by the city and the rest of the structure by the 
railroad company. (See page 46.) 

Prescott-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R., East 

Boston). 

This is a new through steel plate girder bridge, built by 
the railroad company in 1906-07 under the decree of the 
Superior Court abolishing grade crossings in East Boston. 
The surface of the bridge is maintained by the city and the 
rest of the structure by the railroad company. (See page 46.) 

Prison-point Bridge {from Charlestown to Cambridge). 

This is a new bridge over Miller's river and includes the 
draw and its landings. The length between the adjoining 
stone piers is 171.4 feet. The draw is built of steel plate 
girders with steel floor beams and a wooden floor; it is a 
swing draw 167.25 feet long and 50 feet wide, having a 10-foot 
sidewalk and a 39-foot roadway; it is operated by elec- 
tricity and was opened to travel September 17, 1907. It 
was built by the Boston & Maine R.R. The operation of the 
draw is in the care of the Commissioners for the Boston and 
Cambridge Bridges, the city paying one-half the cost. 

Public Garden Footbridge. 

This is an iron bridge and was built in 1867. It should 
have a new floor put on this season and such of the stringers 
as may be found in poor condition should be replaced with 
new ones. 

Saratoga-street Bridge {over Boston & Albany R.R., East 

Boston). 

This is a new through steel truss bridge, built last year by 
the railroad company under the decree of the Superior Court 
abolishing grade crossings in East Boston. It was opened 
to all travel September 6. The surface of the bridge is main- 
tained by the city and the rest of the structure by the railroad 
company. (See page 46.) 



Engineering Department. 31 

Scarhoro'-pond Footbridge {in Franklin Park). 

This is an elliptical masonry arch of 40 feet span and 8 feet 
3 inches rise. It was built in 1893, and is maintained by the 
Park Department. 

Shawmut-avenue Bridge (over Boston & Albany R.R. and 
Providence Division, New York, New Haven & Hartford 
R.R.). 

The original bridge built in 1871 was removed and a new 
through plate girder bridge erected in 1904. The bridge is 
in good condition, but should be painted next year. 

Southampton-street Bridges {over South Bay Sluices). 

These are wooden bridges, built in 1875 as temporary 
structures. The westerly bridge is now being filled solid. 
The easterly bridge is in poor condition and should be rebuilt. 

Southampton-street Bridge {over Old Colony Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is a steel plate girder bridge, built in 1901-02. The 
surface is maintained by the city, the rest of the structure by 
the railroad company. The deck planking and boxing around 
the girders neecl repairing, otherwise it is in good condition. 

Spring-street Bridge {from West Roxbury to Dedham). 

This is a stone bridge. The city maintains the part within 
its limits. The piers and arches were pointed in 1905, and 
granite copings, surmounted by iron railings, built on both 
sides of the bridge. The part within the city's limits is now 
in good condition, but the railings should be painted next 
season. 

Summer-street Bridges {over A, B and C Streets). 

These bridges were built in connection with the abolition 
of the grade crossing on Congress street, and were opened to 
travel in 1900. The bridge over A street is a steel deck plate 
girder structure, with a paved roadway of granite blocks and 
asphalt sidewalks. 

The bridge over B street is a through plate girder structure, 
with a paved roadway of granite blocks and asphalt side- 
walks. 



32 City Document No. 17. 

The bridge over C street is a two-span steel-beam structure, 
with brick and concrete arches turned between the beams; 
the roadway is paved with granite blocks and the sidewalks 
with asphalt. 

These bridges are all in good condition now, with the excep- 
tion of the paint ; they should all be painted at once. 

Summer-street Bridge {over Fort Point Channel). 

This bridge was built in 1899-1900, in connection with the 
abolition of the grade crossing on Congress street. It is a 
four-span deck plate girder bridge, resting on masonry piers, 
with two retractile draws, over a 50-foot channel way. The 
roadway of the fixed spans has a granite block paving, and 
the sidewalks have asphalt wearing surfaces. The whole 
structure is in good condition, but should be painted during 
the year, and new lower deck laid on the draw spans. 

Summer-street Bridge {over New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad Freight Tracks). 

This bridge was built in 1900, in connection with the 
abolition of the grade crossing on Congress street, and is 
maintained by the city and the railroad company, the former 
maintaining the wearing surface and the latter maintaining 
the rest of the structure. It has four spans, consisting of 
three through trusses each, and has a granite paved roadway 
and asphalt sidewalks. The whole bridge should be painted 
and new sidewalks laid or the present walks resurfaced. 

Warren Bridge {from Boston to Charlestown). 

This is a wooden pile bridge, with a double retractile iron 
draw. The present structure was built in 1883-84. Half 
the draw has been replanked, and miscellaneous repairs have 
been made. The lower planking on half the draw should be 
renewed ; some of the piles under the wharf are broken ; the 
fender guards on the Charlestown side are in poor condition, 
and repairs are needed on the deck planking of the main 
bridge; the planking on the waterway, wharves and in draw 
pit, need repairing; the landing shoes should be set; the 
sidewalk on the westerly side of the bridge, city ends, should 
be extended about twenty feet, and the concrete sidewalks 
should be repaired ; the curb on the draw should be realigned, 
and some of the fence posts need renewal. 



Engineering Department. 33 

West Fourth-street Bridge (over Old Colony Division, New 
York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

In 1893-94 the grade crossing of the Old Colony R.R. on 
this street was abolished, and an iron bridge built, extending 
from the end of Dover-street bridge, at the South Boston side 
of Fort Point channel, to the easterly line of Foundry street. 
The surface is maintained by the city, the rest of the structure 
by the railroad company. The planking around the middle 
trusses needs renewal, the bridge needs painting, and the 
sidewalk plank needs patching. 

West Rutland-square Footbridge {over Providence Division, 
New York, New Haven & Hartford R.R.). 

This is an iron footbridge, built in 1882. It is now in fair 
condition, with the exception of the stair treads, which are 
badly worn. The bridge should be painted this season. 

Western-avenue Bridge (from Brighton to Cambridge). 

The present bridge was built in 1879-80, and the draw in 
1891. It is in the care of the Commissioners for the Boston 
and Cambridge Bridges, and the city pays one-half the cost 
of maintenance. The deck planking on the Cambridge side 
needs renewing. The Boston end is in poor condition, some 
of the piles and stringers need renewal, the draw needs adjust- 
ing, the side beams need refastening, and the piers, fender 
guards and waterways need repairing. 

Western-avenue Bridge (Brighton to Watertown). 

The city maintains the part within its limits. This is a 
wooden pile bridge, with an iron draw, and was rebuilt in 
1892-93. Only minor repairs have been made; the Boston 
end of the draw should be raised; the draw should be ad- 
justed, and the bearings under the ends of the girders should 
be renewed ; the planking and cap sills on the piers and along 
the waterways should be repaired; some of the spur shores 
are broken and should be refitted ; the sidewalk planking and 
deck planking on draw and main bridge need renewal, and 
the bridge needs painting; some of the piles in the fender 
guard are in poor condition. 

Winthrop Bridge (from Breed's Island to Winthrop) . 

This is a pile bridge without a draw. It was originally 
built in 1839; it was rebuilt in 1851, and was extensively 



34 City Document No. 17. 

repaired in 1870 and has been repaired many times since. 
The abutment at the Winthrop end needs pinning up, as 
there has been some settlement; the bulkhead at the Boston 
end, some of the outside bolsters and the roadway and side- 
walk planking are in very poor condition. The waterway 
should be partially filled, and the bridge should be rebuilt of 
a shorter length. 

Wood Island Park Footbridge. 

This is a steel footbridge, built in 1898-99, and connects 
Prescott street, East Boston, with Wood Island Park, span- 
ning the tracks of the Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. 
The walls need pointing; the bridge should be painted, as the 
steel work is very rusty, and the plank needs repairing. 

Bridges wholly Supported hy Railroad Corporations. 

Morton-street bridge, over the Midland Division, N. Y., 
N. H. & H. R.R., has been redecked and the fences have been 
rebuilt. Washington-street and Harrison-avenue bridges, 
over the B. & A. R.R., are in poor condition and should 
be rebuilt. The other highways bridges maintained by the 
several railroad companies are in good or fair condition. 



Engineering Department. 35 



SURVEYING DIVISION. 



The work of the Surveying Division during the past year 
has consisted of the making of such surveys and plans as have 
been required by the several city departments, and giving 
lines and grades of public streets when requested by abutters 
intending to build. 

* Forty-nine petitions, requesting that catch-basins should 
be constructed, were reported upon to the Sewer Department. 

* Catch-basin locations were furnished the Sewer Depart- 
ment for thirty-three streets, on request of the Superintendent 
of Streets. 

* On request of the Sewer Department, fifty plans of streets, 
showing proposed locations of future catch-basins, were fur- 
nished. 

* For three East Boston streets, locations for catch-basins, 
made necessary by the abolition of grade crossings, were fur- 
nished the Sewer Department. 

* Three hundred and forty-one catch-basins were staked 
out and duplicate sketches showing locations and ties were 
sent to the Sewer Department. 

* Measurements have been obtained on one hundred and 
twenty-three streets for the Sewer Department, for the 
purpose of making Sewer assessments. 

* One hundred and eighty plans of underground pipes, con- 
duits, etc., were examined, and proposed future catch-basins 
located for the Street Department. 

Two hundred and sixteen notices of contracts to lay arti- 
ficial stone sidewalks were received, examined and reported 
upon to the Street Department. In 104 cases the Street 
Department was notified that the existing edgestones should 
be reset preparatory to the laying of artificial stone. 

Fifty-two notices of the completion of artificial stone side- 
walk repair work were received and reported upon to the 
Street Department. 

Nine petitions to make sidewalk openings for areas, bulk- 
heads, etc., were received from the Street Department and 
reported upon. 

Ninety-one requests for edgestone were examined and 
amount of curb required reported to the Street Department. 

* This work was performed jointly by the Engineering and Street Laying-Out Depart- 
ments. 



36 



City Document No. 17. 



Grade heights were furnished engineers and architects for 
estates on thirty-seven streets. 

Nineteen plans of streets were made for sidewalk assess- 
ments on request of the Street Department. Data was also 
furnished the Street Department for sidewalk assessment on 
six estates. 

Seventeen hundred and thirty-seven orders were attended 
to for the Street Department; these consisted of the staking 
out new streets for construction, giving lines and grades for 
repairs and reconstruction of old streets, testing lines and 
grades after completion of work, and measuring the amount 
of work performed and making plans showing quantities to 
be assessed upon abutting owners. 

Estimates for grade, land and building damages and cost 
of construction were furnished the Street Commissioners on 
thirty-nine streets. 

The lines and grades of twenty-two streets, for which the 
Street Commissioners were petitioned for authority to open 
as private ways, were examined and reported upon. 

Eleven miscellaneous reports were made to the Street 
Department. 

Eleven miscellaneous reports were made to the Sewer 
Department. 

The following table gives the comparative annual amounts 
of paving work measured by the Surveying Division of the 
Engineering Department for fourteen years : 



Yeae Ending 
January 31. 


o a 

6h 


Square Yards 
Block-stone 
Paving and 
Crossings. 


a 

II 
cS ■» . 

£§■> 

C3 O 53 
03 


o3"E 
CO 


6 
a 

-Sco 
2= 


T3 

>^H£ 

S 03 a 
goo 


m 

1 


1895 


23,487 

129,383 

120,158 

154,718 

76,991 

86,354 

264,982 

245,410 

104,133 

60,555 

30,899 

67,114 

140,878 

52,380 


12,007 

60,472 

64,952 

100,414 

56,541 

60,803 

161,428 

188,041 

135,310 

65,474 

54,455 

65,132 

101,118 

76,216 


5,175 
32,940 
24,976 
36,658 
14,249 
17,323 
61,356 
30,324 

5,077 

4,815 
184 

1,264 
17,390 

3,386 


6,168 
68,701 
68,178 
94,003 
43,930 
48,946 
147,863 
131,487 
59,051 
29,078 
16,268 
27,544 
82,044 
30,339 


3,962 
12,296 
13,471 
13,599 
11,652 
14,221 
16,541 
15,565 
14,119 
12,806 

9,906 
12,981 
20,135 
16,635 


11,738 

183 

2,971 

4,019 

1,619 

789 

489 

698 

25 

248 

196 

3,551 

3,716 

1,926 


1,406 


1896 


1,297 


1897 


394 


1898 


27 


1899 




1900 


16 


1901 


2,377 


1902 




1903 




1904 


62 


1905 




1906 




1907 




1908 









Engineering Department. 



37 



Table showing the amount of paving work measured by the 
Surveying Division for the year ending January 31, 1908, by 
districts : 

(Includes New and Old Work.) 



Districts. 



"^ 








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ca 




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City Proper . . . 
South Boston. . 
East Boston. . . 
Charlestown. . . 

Roxbury 

Dorchester .... 
West Roxbury. 
Brighton 



Totals. 



126 



126 



374 



374 



3,147 
995 



3,210 

7,903 

682 

698 

16,635 



10,852 

7,356 

769 

4,410 

18,514 

6,875 

3,461 

143 

52,380 



18,722 

10,529 

3,180 

8,042 

19,205 

13,014 

1,364 

2,160 

76,216 



225 



430 

546 

2,185 



8,730 
6,463 

527 
3,270 
9,461 
1,739 

149 



3,386 



30,339 



21 

53 

1,849 

1,923 



58 



58 



117 



38 



City Document No. 17. 



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Engineering Department. 39. 

Surveys and plans have been made for school purposes for 
the taking of land on Tyler street, for the enlargement of the 
Quincy School site; on Pleasant avenue, West Roxbury, an 
addition to the Mt. Vernon School site; and on Holton street, 
Ranleigh road and Hobart street, Brighton, an addition to 
the Hobart-street Primary School site; also for new schools 
in East Boston, on Chaucer, Pope and Moore streets, and in 
Dorchester, on Pleasant street and on Savin Hill avenue. 

A survey and plan have been made of the land on Mason 
street, owned by the City of Boston and occupied by the 
School Committee building and Engine No. 26. 

A plan was made for the Park Department, showing land 
proposed to be taken for a playground at East Boston, on 
Bennington street. 

Plans have been made for the Fire Department, for an 
addition to Engine-house lot at Andrew square. South Bos- 
ton, and of the laying out of a passageway in connection with 
the engine-house lot on Harvard avenue, Brighton. 

At the request of the Mayor, a plan of Fort Hill square has 
been prepared, showing the relation of the ancient lines to the 
modern development. 

A plan has been made showing the changes in the streets on 
Beacon Hill, occasioned by the extension of the State House 
and laying out of Commonwealth park. 

Petitions for the registration of land in the Land Court are 
referred to the Mayor whenever the City of Boston is an 
interested party. 

These cases are examined by the Law Department and by 
the Surveying Division of the Engineering Department for 
the purpose of protecting the city's interests. 

During the year fifty-five such cases have been investigated. 

There were one hundred and forty-five accident and other 
plans made for the Law Department. 

In connection with the Surveying Division there have been 
1,175 titles examined, 803 deeds and 274 plans copied from 
the Registry of Deeds. 

Thirty-two hundred and seventy-five blue prints have been 
made during the year. 

List of plans of takings for sewerage works filed during the 
year ending February 1, 1908: 

Roxbury. 

Williams street. Plan showing taking in Willow park, from 
Shawmut avenue westerly to a passageway, then in pas- 
sageway to Williams street, rear of Westminster street. 



40 City Document No. 17. 

Stony hrook. Plan showing drainage area between Fenway 
and Roxbury Crossing, scale 200; showing all the sewers 
and surface drains, style, sizes, etc., for special commis- 
sion on Stony brook. 

Stony hrook. Plan and survey of original line of T. B. Moses' 
survey of taking redefined, showing supposed encroach- 
ments, etc., from Huntington avenue to Elmwood street. 

West Roxbury. 

Fairview street. Plan showing taking for an outlet to the 
Fairview street and other sewers down the hill across 
railroad to South-street sewer. 

Hewlett street. Plan showing taking for the brook from Ros- 
lindale playground to Robert street, thence to Belgrade- 
avenue culvert. 

Roslindale branch. Addition to original takings. 

Brighton. 

Shepard hrook. Plan showing taking for connection of cul- 
vert across North Beacon street to the Wool pond. 
The following sectional plans made under the Board of Sur- 
vey Act have been refiled during the year : 

T-82 
T-96 
W-50 
X-52 

V en ) Dorchester 10 

X-70 
X-71 
X-72 
X-73 
O -28 
O -29 

O -33 *■ Brighton 6 

O -34 

O -48 . 

2 Igo I West Roxbury 2 

Total 18 

Seven assessment plans were made for the Street Commis- 
sioners. 



Engineering Department. 



41 



Forty-two plans and profiles, representing a total length of 
four and two-thirds miles, showing buildings, property own- 
ers' names, established grades, areas of land taken, or to be 
taken, for street widenings, relocations, or to be laid out, were 
completed for the Street Laying-Out Department. 

The following list gives the number of orders attended to 
for property owners, builders and the various city depart- 
ments from February 1, 1907, to February 1, 1908: 



Street lines given 
Street grades given . 
Street Department . 
* Sewer Department 
Building Department 
Public Buildings Department 
Public Grounds Department 
Law Department 
Street Commissioners 
Engineering Department . 
Park Department 
Police Department . 
Schoolhouse Commission . 
City Messenger Department 
Cemetery Department 
Sanitary Department 
City Hospital Department 
Water Department . 
Board of Health 
Mayor 



454 

243 

1,737 

697 

12 

8 

1 

200 

216 

175 

7 

12 
14 
2 
5 
1 
7 
1 
3 
5 

3,800 



There are on file with the Surveying Division 33,920 
indexed plans. 



* This work was performed jointly by the Engineering and Street Laying-Out Depart- 
ments. 



42 



City Document No. 17. 



There are also 3,692 lithographed plans in the office at Old 
Court House not included in the foregoing list, viz. : 



Lithographed mapsx»f Dorchester, made in 1869 
" " " " 1880 

" " West Roxbury, made in 1873 

" " Fort Hill, made in 1866-69 _ . 

" " Church-street district, made in 1868 

" " Washington-street widening (parts 1, 2, 3) 

made in 1860 

" " Washington-street extension, made in 1869 

" " North street, made in 1859 

" " Stony brook, drainage area 

" " Boston, made in 1866-67 

" " Boston, made in 1888 

" " Suffolk-street district, made in 1869 

" " South Boston, made in 1880 

" " Roxbury, made in 1880 

" " burnt district 

" " Mt. Hope Cemetery 

" " Winthrop Farm 

" " Hanover avenue 

" " Muddy river 

" " Pemberton square, Court House site 

" " East Newton street, lots on, sold by auction 

made in 1888 . 
" " public lands in South Boston, sold by aue 

tion, made in 1885 
" " public lands in South Boston, sold by auc 

tion, made in 1888 
" " Boylston street, old Public Library lot 

" " public lands in South Boston, sold by auc- 

tion, made in 1882 
" " Boston Directory map, made in 1886 

" " Boston, scale 1,600 feet to an inch, made in 

1890 . . 
" " Boston, scale 800 feet to an inch, made in 

1891, colored plans 
" " Boston Proper, scale 500 feet to an inch 

made in 1894 

« " Exhibit No. 1, City Surveyor's Report, 1893, 

" " Exhibit No. 2, City Surveyor's Report, 1893, 

" - " Exhibit No. 3, City Surveyor's Report, 1893, 

" " High street, public lands sold by auction 

" " Beacon Hill, State House site 

" " Harrison avenue, Savage Schoolhouse lot, 

auction plan 

" " Boston Proper, showing changes in street 

and wharf lines from 1795 to 1895 



33 

123 

9 

77 
168 

1,186 

324 

44 

10 

98 

30 

7 

60 

81 

63 

22 

49 

44 

41 

195 

42 

82 

8 
17 

136 
60 

83 

5 

10 
59 
80 
98 
16 
38 

57 

237 



3,692 



Engineering Department. 43 



MISCELLANEOUS WORK AND CONSTRUCTION. 



AtlantIc-a^enue Bridge. 

Tt!e work done by Patrick McGovern under his contract 
dated July 29, 1905, for the flooring of the bridge was fully 
described i^ the last annual report, but was not entirely 
completed until August 27. The total cost was $48,509.78. 

On April 2 a contract was made with the Genasco Roofing 
Company for laying the asphalt surface on the sidewalks of 
the fixed spans of the bridge. The plank floor of the walk 
was 4 inches below the finished grade and had been laid 
under another contract. On this floor was laid a water- 
proofing course consisting of four alternate layers each of 
roofing felt and pitch ; then there was laid asphalt concrete to 
a depth of 3 inches and on this a wearing surface of asphalt 
mastic 1 inch thick. The wearing surface was divided into 
blocks, each about 5 feet square, by galvanized-iron strips, 
bent into an inverted T-cross section and | inch high, for 
the purpose of localizing any shrinkage cracks that may 
occur. This work was completed on July 31, at a cost of 
$1,514.70. 

On March 7 a contract was made with the Atlas Construc- 
tion Company for laying an artificial stone walk on the via- 
duct approach at the Boston end of the bridge. This work 
was finished on April 25, at a cost of $679.26. 

Another contract was made on June 24 with the Atlas 
Construction Company for laying an artificial stone walk on 
the Boston approach to the bridge. This was completed on 
June 28, at a cost of $417.10. 

The railing on the easterly side of the Boston approach at 
its lower end, where the grade is but little above the grade of 
the yard of the Boston Terminal Company, having been 
frequently broken by the teams working in the yard, it was 
decided to build at this point a concrete wall for a length of 
about 141 feet; this was done by inclosing the existing fence 
in a wall of Portland cement concrete 1 foot wide by 4 feet 
2 inches high. The work was done by the Atlas Construction 
Company, and completed on May 23, at a cost of $469.94. 

On March 30 a contract was made with Allen Kennedy for 
painting the steel work on the Boston approach viaduct and 
the first span of the bridge. This was finished on May 21, at 



44 City Document No. 17. 

a cost of $1,000. Under a later contract Mr. Kennedy 
painted the railings and gates of the bridge, at a cost of $270. 
This contract was dated June 13. 

Atlantic-avenue Bridge Draw Span. 

The draw span is a swing draw of the deck type with the 
deck inclined at a gradient of 4f per cent. It is 183 feet 
10^ inches long on the center line of bridge by 49 feet 2 inches 
wide, with one circular and one skew end. It is made up of 
two riveted steel trusses of unequal length supported by 
cross girders resting on a rim-bearing turntable 29 feet lOJ 
inches in diameter. Floor beams and stringers are steel 
members, the floor surfacing is wood. The draw is swung by 
a 28-horse power General Electric motor, acting through a 
train of gears on a rack fixed to the lower track. The ends 
are raised to fixed supports by means of a lever and an air 
cylinder hung at each end of each truss, the air for which is 
supplied by a 15-horse power motor driven, Ingersoll-Rand 
air compressor, pumping through two receivers of about 40 
cubic feet capacity each. 

The draw span was built by the New Jersey Bridge Company 
of New York City, and the machinery was installed by the Otis 
Elevator Company of Boston. 

The work on the draw was so far completed that the bridge 
was opened to travel for a short time on March 18, but as the 
floor, railing and turning mechanism were not wholly finished 
the bridge was closed again and was finally opened to all 
travel on August 12. 

The pointing of the masonry of the pier at the Boston end 
of the bridge under the contract with H. P. Nawn, dated 
November 28, 1904, for constructing this pier was completed 
on October 30, the total cost of the pier being $1,097. 

Boston Consumptives' Hospital. 

In July an examination of the grounds acquired for this 
institution was made in reference to the surface drainage. 
In September plans and specifications were prepared for 
grading a surface service road from River street, near the 
easterly boundary of the property, for a distance of 1,230 
feet to the site of the proposed hospital building. On Nov- 
ember 1 a contract was made with Peter F. Connolly for 
doing this work; the work is not yet finished. A 12-inch 
water pipe is being laid in this road by the Water Department. 
A plan has been made for a surface water drain in this road 



Engineering Department. 45 

which will take care of the drainage from the high ground 
east of the city's property. Surveys have been made for a 
study of the drainage of other portions of the grounds. 

Deer Island Boundary Wall. 

In the spring plans and specifications were prepared for 
a wall on the boundary line between the lands of the Com- 
monwealth and city and that part of Deer Island sold to the 
United States. 

On May 1 a contract was made with the Atlas Construction 
Company for buOding 3,200 lineal feet of this wall. The 
work was completed on December 24, with the exception of 
cleaning the surface and washing with cement and the doing 
of a small amount of grading. The- wall is of Portland 
cement concrete reinforced with f-inch square twisted steel 
rods; the amount of steel was calculated to be sufficient to 
withstand strains due to temperature changes. The founda- 
tion is 3 feet by 3 feet in cross section; this is surmounted by 
a section 10 feet high and 1 foot 6 inches wide, on top of 
which is a coping 2 feet wide by 1 foot high. The wall extends 
from the sea wall on the seaward side of the island, following 
the contour of the surface, along the boundary line, to the 
roadway along the harbor shore leading to the outlet of the 
Metropolitan sewer; here there is a gateway 16 feet wide. 
This section of the wall is 3,084 feet in length in one con- 
tinuous mass without joints. On the harbor side of the 
gateway the wall is to extend to the half-tide contour. The 
whole work will be completed early in the spring. 

Dudley-street Grade Crossing Abolishment. 

This improvement has been nearly completed, Dudley 
street having been opened to all travel at its new grade in 
September. The work has all been done under the direction 
of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Com- 
pany. 

East Boston Grade Crossing Abolishment. 

This work has made good progress during the year, so that 
all of the street work is done except small portions of Sumner, 
Webster and Marginal streets. The masonry for the bridge 
on Sumner street is completed, but the steel superstructure 
is not yet in place. The only other bridge remaining to be 
built is the footbridge on Webster street. 

The Boston & Albany Railroad Company had so far 
completed its new roadbed that on January 11 traffic was 



46 City Document No. 17. 

turned on to the new line for its whole length, and the old 
location abandoned. 

The work of surfacing on Chelsea and Curtis streets, done 
under the contract with James Doherty, dated August 7, 
1906, was finished on June 3, at a cost of S5,707.49. 

Work on Saratoga street was continued through the winter 
and spring. There was considerable delay in building the 
bridge, but this was so far completed that the street cars 
began running over it on August 28. The bridge was finished 
September 6, and the street opened to all travel on October 1. 

On April 17 a contract was made with Jones & Meehan 
for paving and regulating on Bennington and Saratoga 
streets and on the approaches thereto on Bremen street and 
on the southerly approach to Neptune road on Orleans street. 
This work was completed on November 9, at a cost of 
$12,485.40. 

^ The bridges on Prescott and Porter streets have been 
finished. On April 17 a contract was made with Coleman 
Brothers for surfacing these streets with the approaches on 
Bremen and Orleans streets. The work was completed on 
October 17, at a cost of $17,434.46. . 

The Boston & Albany Railroad Company, in addition to 
' the grading previously done, has subgraded Saratoga street 
with the approaches on Bremen street, Bennington street 
west of the railroad with the approach on Bremen street, 
Sumner street, except where it crosses the old railroad loca- 
tion, with the approaches on Bremen and Orleans streets, 
and Murray court. Considerable additional grading was 
required on the streets previously graded, which were sur- 
faced this year on account of the settlement of the filling 
during the winter. 

On August 19 a contract was made with James Doherty 
for paving on Sumner and Orleans streets. This work was 
finished on September 4, at a cost of $1,818.97. 

Another contract was made with Mr. Doherty on Sep- 
tember 30 for paving on Sumner and Orleans streets and 
Murray court. This work is practically finished, but the 
final payment has not been made. 

On September 10 a contract was made with James Doherty 
for building a concrete retaining wall on the southerly line 
of Sumner street, adjoining the property of the National 
Dock and Storage Warehouse Company. This wall is of 
Portland cement concrete, is 110 feet 4 inches in length, 
8 feet 2| inches high at one end and 11 feet f inch at the 
other end, the top being at the grade of the sidewalk. The 
work was completed on October 3, at a cost of 



Engineering Department. 47 

A contract was made on October 30 with James Doherty 
for paving on Sumner street and on the approach thereto on 
Bremen street. This work is not yet finished. 

Highland Park Standpipe. 

At the request of the Superintendent of the Pubhc Grounds 
Department, plans and specifications were prepared for^'an 
exterior balcony around the water tower at Highland park, 
Roxbury. Contracts were made with the G. W. & F. Smith 
Company for this work, and it was carried out under the 
direction and inspection of this department. The exterior 
and interior walls of the tower and the iron standpipe and 
stairs were also cleaned and painted. 

Meridian-street Bridge. 

A contract was made with Jones & Meehan, August 7, 1907, 
for reconstructing this bridge. The work done has been on 
the draw; many of the hard pine floor beams were renewed; 
all the wooden angle blocks on the upper chord and some on 
the lower chord were replaced with new cast-iron blocks; the 
end trussed floor beams were strengthened and stiff eners were 
riveted on the drum ; new 4-inch deck planking, wheelguards 
and 2-inch sheathing were put in; the tower and chords were 
repaired and the draw was painted. The work of repairing 
the deck of the main bridge has been postponed till spring. 

The expense of strengthening the end floor beams and the 
draw was paid by the Boston Elevated Railway Company. 
The total amount of payments on the contract work by the 
city is $5,372.25. 

Northern Avenue and Sleeper Street. 

The City Engineer was directed by chapter 381 of the Acts 
of 1903 to construct Northern avenue from Atlantic avenue, 
near Oliver street, across Fort Point channel to the lands of 
the Commonwealth on South Boston flats, and to construct 
Sleeper street from Congress street to Northern avenue. 

A contract was made with W. H. Ellis of Boston, dated 
July 31, 1905, for building the substructure of the bridge 
across Fort Point channel. The work under this contract 
was completed early in May, 1907, and included the abutment 
on the Boston side of the channel, three masonry piers for the 
fixed spans of the bridge in the channel, the foundation for 
the center piers of the draw and the drawfender pier. Under 
a second contract with Mr. Ellis, dated May 20, 1907, the 
abutment on the South Boston side of the channel has been 



1/ 



48 City Document No. 17. 

built and the center pier completed, ready for the turntable 
of the draw span. 

The buildings at the Atlantic avenue approach to bridge 
have been removed, the street filled and the paving of the 
roadway and sidewalks laid. On January 28, 1907, a contract 
was made with the New England Structural Company for the 
steel superstructure of the draw and fixed spans of the bridge, 
and at the date of this report the fixed spans have been erected 
and the erection of the draw span is in progress. 

A contract for the flooring of the draw and fixed spans, 
including the paving of the roadway of the latter, was made 
with Jones & Meehan under date of July 25, 1907, and at the 
present time about one-half of the wooden flooring is in place. 

The portion of the avenue on the South Boston side of the 
channel for a length of about 500 feet and the part of Sleeper 
street adjoining the avenue, have been filled to the required 
grade with gravel by the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad Company, under a contract dated September 9, 1907. 

A contract for paving with granite blocks, setting edge- 
stones and laying brick sidewalks on the area filled was made 
with Jones & Meehan, dated September 30, 1907, and consid- 
erable work has been done under it. 

The sea wall at the head of Dock No. 1, South Boston flats, 
has been built under a contract with W. H. Ellis, dated Feb- 
ruary 21, 1907, and the area back of the wall has been filled 
and graded. 

East Boston Ferries. — South Ferry, Boston Side. 

A contract was made January 4, 1907, with George T. 
Rendle for rebuilding the middle and south piers. Work 
was commenced January 18, and completed October 31, 
the work not being pursued continuously. During part of 
the work on the middle pier the ferryboats were diverted 
from this landing. The cost of the contract work was 
$16,031.02. 

Streets. 

Preliminary surveys, working plans and specifications 
were prepared and forwarded to the Street Department for 
the construction of thirty-three assessment streets, for 
repaving thirty-one streets, for constructing artificial stone 
sidewalks in ten streets; surveys have been made, levels 
taken and preliminary plans prepared for eight assessment 
streets, and for repaving three streets; the necessary surveys 
were made and grades for street railway tracks determined 
in sixteen streets. A plan was made showing position, 



Engineering Department. 49 

dimensions and grades for a platform landing at the junction 
of Beacon street and Commonwealth avenue, for the use of 
patrons of the street railway. Plans and specifications were 
prepared for a retaining wall at the westerly end of the north- 
westerly wing wall of the Boston & Albany bridge abutment ; 
for a retaining wall in Florence street, from Blackmore street 
to Sherwood street; for a wood fence with iron supports on 
the southerly wing wall of easterly abutment of Harvard- 
street bridge, and for grading roadway, paving gutters and 
sidewalk, setting edgestones and constructing planting 
spaces in Worthington street at Patrick A. Collins School. 
A study was made of the proposed widening of the northerly 
sidewalk of Boylston street, between Washington street and 
Tremont street. Preliminary estimates have been made of 
the cost of repaving twenty-one streets and for constructing 
twelve streets. The street book, giving lengths and areas of 
pavement in accepted streets and public alleys, has been 
corrected to February 1, 1907, and is now being brought 
up to February 1, 1908. 

Waterworks. 

The following is the more important work done during the 
past year under the direction of the Engineering Department. 

The work of laying the 48-inch low service main in Prentiss 
street, Parker street and Longwood avenue, from Tremont 
street to Brookline avenue, in progress last year, was com- 
pleted. Connections were made with the 36-inch and 30-inch 
mains in Tremont street, with the 16-inch main in Huntington 
avenue and with the 40-inch main in Brookline avenue. 
The resulting increase of pressure on the low service system 
was about 3^ pounds at time of maximum draft. 

A 30-inch low service main, feeding directly from a 36-inch 
main, was laid in Congress street, from Franklin street to 
Atlantic avenue with two 16-inch connections for reinforcing 
the distribution system, one at High street and one at 
Atlantic avenue; this line will form part of the proposed 
low service feed from the city proper to South Boston. A 
trestle, 450 feet in length, was built across Fort Point 
channel, from the ends of the pipe tunnel, built in 1904, 
to the City Proper and South Boston shores; this trestle 
is designed to carry 24-inch low service and 16-inch high 
service mains, and is part of the plan for the new service 
for South Boston. 

The lowering of the grade of Dudley street, on account of 
the abolishment of the grade crossing of the New York, New 



50 City Document No. 17. 

Haven & Hartford R.R., made it necessary to relay 600 
feet of 24-inch low service and 800 feet of l^-inch low 
service pipes. At the same time opportunity was taken to 
lay about 600 feet of 16-inch high service pipe, which will 
form part of a very necessary high service main designed 
to extend in Dudley street from Upham's corner to Washing- 
ton street. 

A considerable amount of work was also done in connection 
with the abolishment of grade crossings in East Boston on the 
line of the Boston & Albany R.R. 

The work of relaying mains inadequate for fire protection 
was prosecuted less vigorously than for several years past, 
in all about two miles of relaying being done. This work 
of improving the distribution system and making it equal 
to the present demands for fire protection is of first import- 
ance and should be carried on with all possible speed. 

The usual large amount of routine work, consisting of 
reports on petitions for main pipes and fire pipes, lines and 
grades for pipe laying, supervision of contracts and estimates 
of the same, preparation of plans of work done and proposed, 
tabulation of records, inspection of castings made in the 
local foundries, etc., was done during the year. 

Surveys and investigations to determine the electrical 
conditions existing on the water pipe system have been 
carried on continuously. 





















































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52 City Document No. 17. 



GENERAL STATISTICS. 



Boston Water Department. 

Daily average amount used (gallons) . . . 96,422,800 
Daily average amount used through meters 

during 1907 (gallons) 21,588,400 

Number of services, February 1, 1908 . . 94,047 

Number of meters in service February 1, 1908, 5,185 
Number of meters under supervision Februarv 1, 

1908 " . 116 

Number of elevators under supervision Febru- 
ary 1, 1908 586 

Length of supply and distributing mains in 

miles, February 1, 1908 748.3 

Number of public hydrants in use February 1, 

1908 7,837 

Yearly revenue from annual water rates 

(assessed) $1,338,121.74 

Yearly revenue from metered water (assessed), $1,256,970.23 

Percentage of total revenue from metered water, 48 . 4 

Yearly expense of maintenance .... $605,586.38 



Engineering Department. 53 



Miscellaneous. 

A plan and estimate were made at the request of the Fire 
Commissioner for extending the down-stream pier of Congress- 
street bridge to make room for a contemplated building for 
the use of the Fire Department. 

A plan and specifications were made for the Sewer Depart- 
ment for repairing the bulkhead at Gately's wharf. 

Plans, sketches and estimates were made for the recon- 
struction of Fort Hill wharf for a garbage disposal plant. 

A plan and specification were made for a bulkhead at the 
head of the dock at Fort Hill wharf, ordered by the Superior 
Court. It was built by the Sanitary Department. 

Plans were made for a new draw and draw foundation at 
Mount Washington-avenue bridge. The general plan was 
approved by the Harbor and Land Commissioners, but the 
War Department withheld its approval. 

Sketches and estimates were made for wharves and plat- 
forms for the disposal of ashes for the Sanitary Depart- 
ment. 

Plans and estimates were made for building Soldiers' 
Field bridge to replace the present North Harvard-street 
bridge. 

A plan and estimate have been made for the Pauper Insti- 
tutions Department for rebuilding the wharf on the north- 
west side of Long Island. 

An estimate has been made for connecting Irvington and 
Yarmouth streets by a bridge over the Providence Division 
of the New York, New Haven & Hartford R.R. to accommo- 
date all ordinary traffic. 

An estimate has been made for a ferryboat landing at 
Governor's Island. 

An estimate has been made for filling that portion of South 
bay southerly of Dover street between the Roxbury canal 
channel and the Midland Division of the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford R.R. 

Respectfully submitted, 

William Jackson, 

City Engineer. 



54 City Document No. 17. 



CITY ENGINEERS, 

1850-1908. 



E. H. CHESBROUGH, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
November 18, 1850, to October, 1855. 

(Died August 18, 1886.) 

JAMES SLADE, 

October 1, 1855, to April 1, 1863. 
(Died August ?5, 1882.) 

N. HENRY CRAFTS, 

April 1, 1863, to November 25, 1872. 

JOSEPH P. DAVIS, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
November 25, 1872, to March 20, 1880. 

(Resigned March 20, 1880.) 

HENRY M. WIGHTMAN, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
April 5, 1880, to April 3, 1885. 

(Died AprU 3, 1885.) 

WILLIAM JACKSON, M. Am. Soc. C. E., 
April 21, 1885, to the present time. 



Engineering Department. 55 



APPENDICES. 



Appendix A. — Table showing the width of openings for 
vessels in all bridges provided with 
draws. 

Appendix B. — Engineering Department property schedule. 

Appendix C. — Elevations referred to Boston City base. 

Appendix D. — Engineering Department Annual Reports, 
1867-1907. 

Appendix E. — Engineering Department, Revised Ordi- 
nances. 

Appendix F. — Meridian Line. 

Appendix G. — Grades of Streets. 

Appendix H. — ^Width of Streets. 



56 



City Document No. 17. 



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58 



City Document No. 17. 



APPENDIX B. 



Engineering Department Property Schedule, Main Office. 



1 horse. 

2 carriages. 

1 automobile. 

1 sleigh. 

2 harnesses. 

3 robes. 

Instruments for drawing. 
Instruments for surveying, as fol- 
lows: 

2 Temple transits. 

7 Buff & Berger transits. 
1 Berger & Sons transit. 

1 P. & R. Wittstock transit. 

8 Gurley transits. 

1 Keuffel & Esser level. 

2 Temple levels. 

4 Buff & Berger levels. 
7 Gurley levels. 

1.3 Boston rods. 

4 New York rods. 

10 Troy rods. 

4 Philadelphia rods. 

Apparatus for blue printing. 

Cases for plans and books. 

Reference library, 1,492 volumes. 



15,071 plans engineering works, 

loose. 
14 volumes plans engineering works, 

bound. 
Photograghs of engineering works. 
1 microscope. 
1 mercurial barometer. 
1 aneroid barometer. 
1 holsteric barometer. 
1 set hydrometers. 
1 hygrometer. 

1 pair field glasses. 
3 typewriters. 

2 dynamometers. 
1 pantagraph. 

3 calculating machines. 
1 volt meter. 

1 comptometer. 

2 thermophones. 

2 cameras. 

3 planimeters. 

1 Bourdon pressure gauge. 
1 Burroughs arithmometer. 
1 Steiger calculating machine. 
1 Egli calculating machine. 



Surveying Division. 



2 Temple transits. 

2 Moody transits. 

2 Buff & Berger transits. 

4 Berger & Sons transits. 

1 Buff & Buff transit. 

1 Stackpole transit. 

1 Troughton & Sims transit. 

1 P. & R. Wittstock transit. 

7 Buff & Berger levels. 

1 Moody level. 



18 Boston rods. 
1 Troy rod. 
8 iron rods. 
32,669 plans. 
3,747 lithographed maps. 
1 pantagraph. 
3 planimeters. 

1 Federal blue printing machine, 
No. 10. 



Engineering Department. 59 



APPENDIX C. 



Elevations referred to Boston City base. * (The City base is 0.64 feet 
below mean low tide.) 

Feet. 

0.00 City base. 

15.66 Highest tide, April 16, 1851. 
15.45 Coping old dry dock, Charlestown Navy Yard, at 

left of entrance. 
15.11 Coping old dry dock, Charlestown Navy Yard, 

new bench, over crowfoot. 
*0.64 Mean low tide. 
5.00 Piles cut off for building. 
10.00 Water works (old base) approximate tide-marsh 

level. 
0.38 South Boston fiats base (state). 
9.82 South Boston base, formerly in use, but now aban- 
doned. 
— 100.00 Metropolitan Sewerage base. 
— 100.00 Charles River Basin Commission base. 
— 100.00 Boston Transit Commission base. 
— 4.98 Cambridge City base. 
64 Somerville City base. 
0.60 Harbor and Land Commission base. 

* Mean low water January, 1903. Computed from tidal observations taken during 
the year 1902, at the Charlestown Navy Yard, is 0.79 feet above Boston City base. 
John R. Freeman in Report on Charles River Dam, 1903, page 570. 

Navy Yard base above Boston base is 0.58 

Mean High Water above Boston base 10 . 63 

Mean Low Water above Boston base 0.79 

Mean range of tide 9.84 

Mean Sea Level above Boston base 5.71 

Definition of Boston City base : Boston City base is a datum plane 15 feet above the 
average height of the sill of the Charlestown Dry Dock. (Page 552, Report of the 
Commission on Charles River Dam, 1903.) 



60 



City Document No. 17. 



The following tidal records may be of interest : 

High Tides. 
[Plane of reference, Boston City Base.] 



Feet. 



Date. 



Where taken. 



By Whom. 



14 


94 


Nov. 


27, 


1S98 


13 


72 


Nov. 


8, 


1900 


14 


19 


Nov. 


25, 


1901 


13 


60 


Dec 


14, 


1902 


13 


00 


Feb. 


17. 


1903 


13 


40 


Jan. 


14, 


1904 


14 


83 


Jan. 


25, 


1905 


14 


70 


Jan. 


25, 


1905 


13 


50 


Nov. 


15, 


1906 


13 


00 


April 19, 


1907 


13 


00 


Dec. 


5, 


1907 



Average of 15 observations. 

Maiden bridge 

Average of 10 observations. 

North Ferry, City Proper 

North Ferry, City Proper 

North Ferry, City Proper 

Average of 34 observations. 
Inner harbor, 10 observations. 

Neponset bridge 

North Ferry 

Mt. Washington avenue 

Low Tides. 



F. p. Spalding. 

J. H. Edmonds 
J. H. Edmonds. 
J. H. Edmonds. 



M. F. Toomey. 
J. H. Edmonds. 
Boston Terminal Co. 



5.60 


Nov. 27, 1898 


Deer Island, Met. sewer station 


Self-recording gage. 


—3.50 


Feb. 1, 1900 


Deer Island, Met. sewer station 


Self-recording gage. 


—2.94 


Feb. 3, 1900 


South Boston station, Edison Electric, 


D. A. Harrington. 


—3.00 


Feb. 4, 1904 


Deer Island, Met. sewer station 


Self-recording gage. 


—2.70 


Mar. 23, 1905 


Deer Island, Met. sewer station 


Self-recording gage. 



Engineering Depaetment. 



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62 City Document No. 17 



APPENDIX E. 



(Revised Ordinances, 1898, Chapter 16.) Engineering 
Department. 

Section 1. The Engineering Department shall be under 
the charge of the City Engineer, who shall be consulted on all 
matters relating to public improvements of every kind in 
respect to which the advice of a civil engineer or architect 
would be of service; shall, unless otherwise specifically pro- 
vided, take charge of the construction of all public works of 
the city, which properly come under the direction of a civil 
engineer; shall make such surveys, plans, estimates, state- 
ments, and descriptions, and take such levels and prepare 
such specifications and contracts as the mayor, the board of 
aldermen, the common council, any committee of the city 
council or of either branch thereof, the board of street com- 
missioners, or any officer in charge of a department, may need 
in the discharge of its duties; shall, upon being notified by 
the superintendent of streets,* supervise all repairs on the 
bridges of the city used as highways which affect the safety 
of the structures, and shall, when required by the mayor or 
any officer in charge of a department, measure the work done 
by contract for the city, and certify to the results of such 
measurement. Said engineer shall have the custody of all 
surveys and plans relating to the laying out, locating anew, 
altering, widening and grading of streets; and his office shall 
be deemed to be the office of the surveyor of highways. 

Sect. 2. Said engineer shall, in his annual report, include 
a report upon the safety and completeness of all ponds, basins 
and reservoirs under the charge of the water department, and 
of all bridges within the city limits used as highways. 

(Stat. 1870, Chap. 337 — Stat. 1895, Chap. 449, par. 21.) 

* Superintendent of Bridges. 



Engineering Department. 



63 



APPENDIX F. 



Meridian Line. 

In 1870 an act was passed by the Massachusetts Legislature requiring 
each land surveyor in the state at least once in every year to adjust and 
verify his compass by the meridian line established in the county wherein 
his surveys were to be made. 

A meridian was marked by stone monuments, and a book of record kept 
by a custodian designated by the County Commissioners. 

The law compelling surveyors to test their compasses annually was 
modified in 1875, so that surveyors who did not use the compass in turn- 
ing angles were relieved from the penalty attaching to the violation of the 
original act. 

The meridian posts for the County of Suffolk were placed on the south- 
erly portion of the "Parade Ground" on Boston Common. They are 
granite posts, three in number, placed 200 feet apart, are eighteen inches 
square at the base, one foot square at the top, and eight feet long, being 
firmly set in a bed of concrete with their tops originally just below the 
surface of the ground. 

A stone curb was placed even with the surface of the grovmd over the 
top of each post, with a metallic composition cover. 

The surface of that part of the Common where the posts are set was 
raised several feet in 1897, the posts being protected by building a brick 
manhole around each stone, the posts being accessible by the removal of 
the manhole cover. 

As the cover and cap of the manholes are made of iron it is now necessary 
to set up the compass in the production of the line marked by the monu- 
ment to avoid local attraction. The point selected has been 290 feet north 
of the northerly stone. 

The following table gives the number of tests for each year, with the 
average readings: 



Year. 


Number 

of 
Readings. 


Average of 

Readings 

West of 

North. 


Year. 


Number 

of 
Readings. 


Average of 

Readings 

West of 

North. 


1871 


9 
8 
3 
3 
3 
2 

8 
13 
4 
7 
3 
5 
5 
6 
8 
4 
14 
3 


10-53-46 
11-09-47 
11-07-53 
11-11-40 
10-58-33 
11-13-00 
11-12-35 
11-28-56 
11-35-15 
11-34-53 
11-28-23 
11-36-18 
11-42-04 
11-46-13 
11-43-12 
11-39-58 
11-51-54 
11-40-57 


1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 


7 
4 

1 

_ 

8 
6 

8 

13 
8 
4 

12 
6 
8 


11_39_56 


1872 


11_49_30 


1873 




1874 


12-32-20 


1875 




1876 




1877 




1878 


12-04-37 


1879 

1880 

1881 


12-34-34 
12-33-45 


1882 




1883 

1884 


12-44-44 
12-43-42 


1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 


12-48-45 
12-56-42 
13-19-20 
13-16-35 



64 City Document No. 17. 



APPENDIX G. 



GRADES OF BOSTON STREETS, 1907. 

Adams Square. 

Per cent. 

C — Across Washington street, from Brattle street to Dock square . . 4 . 00 

Beacon Street. 

B — From Somerset street to Tremont street 6 . 60 

F — From Joy street to Spruce street, 695 feet 5 . 70 

Boylston Street. 

B — First 100 feet west of Washington street 2.61 

B — Second 100 feet west of Washington street 2.87 

B — Third 100 feet west of Washington street 2.53 

D — From Carver street (246 feet) east 2.93 

D — From Park square (35 feet) east 4 . 33 

A — First 100 feet east of Arlington street 2.34 

A — Second 100 feet east of Arlington street 1.33 

Congress Street. 

C — First 100 feet north of Exchange place 2.39 

C — Second 100 feet north of Exchange place 2.30 

C — First 100 feet south of Franklin street 1.09 

C — Second 100 feet south of Franklin street 2.36 

C — Third 100 feet south of Franklin street 2.21 

C — Fourth 100 feet south of Franklin street 2.20 

C — Sixth 100 feet south of Franklin street 2.37 

C — Seventh 100 feet south of Franklin street 4.24 

C — Eighth 100 feet south of Franklin street 3.45 

C — Remaining distance to Atlantic avenue (15 feet) 2.96 

Cornhill. 

C — From Court street to Franklin avenue (270 feet), average . . . 4.00 

Devonshire Street. 

C — Adams square to State street 2.90 

Exchange Street. 

C — First 100 feet north of State street 0.98 

C — Second 100 feet north of State street 2 . 46 

C — Third 100 feet north of State street 3.39 

Garden Street. 

F — From Cambridge street (150 feet) south 6.00 

F — From Phillips street (100 feet) north 11.00 

F — From Phillips street to Revere street 12.50 

F — From Revere street to Myrtle street 15.40 

Irving Street. 

F — First 130 feet south of Cambridge street 5.60 

F — Next 200 feet south of Cambridge street 8.00 

F — Next 400 feet south of Cambridge street 14.10 



Engineering Department. 65 

Milk Street. 

Per cent. 

C — First 100 feet east of Washington street 4.67 

C — Second 100 feet east of Washington street 4.48 

C — Third 100 feet east of Washington street 3 . 65 

C — Fourth 100 feet east of Washington street 3.14 

C — Fifth 100 feet east of Washington street 3.00 

Park Street. 

F — From Beacon street first 144 feet 9.30 

F — Then 325 feet ■ 4.80 

Pearl Street. 

C — First 100 feet south of Franklin street 3.23 

C — Second 100 feet south of Franklin street 2.92 

C — Third 100 feet south of Franklin street 2.60 

C — Fourth 100 feet south of Franklin street 1.63 

C — Sixth 100 feet south of Franklin street 3.43 

C — Seventh 100 feet south of Franklin street 3.90 

C — Eighth 100 feet south of Franklin street 4.80 

C — Remaining distance to Atlantic avenue (36.6 feet) 4 . 80 

Pemberton Square. 

F — From Scollay square to the Court House 8 . 20 

School Street. 

C — First 100 feet from Tremont street 6.20 

C — Second 100 feet from Tremont street 4 . 40 

C — The next 350 feet 3.10 

South Street. 

C — First 100 feet south of Summer street 0.74 

C — Second 100 feet south of Summer street 2.10 

C — Third 100 feet south of Summer street 2.05 

C — Fourth 100 feet south of Summer street 2.26 

C — Fifth 100 feet south of Summer street 1.95 

State Street. 

C — Opposite Exchange building 2.00 

C — Washington street to Devonshire street, north side 4.60 

Tremont Street. 

A — From Winter street to Hamilton place, 150 feet 4.20 

A — From Winter street, towards Temple place, 180 feet 2.50 

Warren Avenue, Charlestown. 

B — City square to the railroad 2.80 

Washington Street. 

C — From Court street to Cornhill 3.00 

D — From Harvard place. 160 feet southerly 2.30 

D — From Franklin street, 190 feet southerly 1.30 

D — From West street, 170 feet southerly 1-50 

D — From Essex street, 205 feet northerly 1.30 

A — Asphalt. B — Granite blocks on gravel. 

C — Granite blocks, concrete base. D — Wooden blocks. 

F — Macadam. 



City Document No. 17. 



Approaches to Bridge over Boston & Albany R.R., on^Beacon Street and 
Brookline Avenue. 

Beacon Street. 

Per cent. 

F — First 100 feet west of bridge 1.64 

F — Second 100 feet west of bridge 2.64 

F — Third 100 feet west of bridge 2 . 77 

F — Fourth 100 feet west of bridge 2.53 

F — Fifth 100 feet west of bridge ■. . 2.08 

F — Sixth 100 feet west of bridge 1.95 

F — Seventh 100 feet west of bridge 1.33 

F — Remaining 32.5 feet to foot of approach 0.92 

F — Length of approach, 732.5 feet. 

F — Average gradient 2 . 08 

F — First 100 feet east of bridge 0.90 

F — Second 100 feet east of bridge 1 . 53 

F — Third 100 feet east of bridge 1.71 

F — Fourth 100 feet east of bridge 1.71 

F — Fifth 100 feet east of bridge 1.71 

F — Sixth 100 feet east of bridge ' 1.71 

F — Seventh 100 feet east of bridge -. 1.71 

F — Eighth 100 feet east of bridge 1 . 53 

F — Ninth 100 feet east of bridge 0.68 

F — Length of approach, 750 feet. 

F — Average gradient 1.51 

Brookline Avenue. 

F — First 100 feet southwest of bridge 3 . 06 

F — Second 100 feet southwest of bridge 3.06 

F — Third 100 feet southwest of bridge 3 . 06 

F — Fourth 100 feet southwest of bridge 2 . 90 

F — Fifth 100 feet southwest of bridge 2.25 

F — Sixth 100 feet southwest of bridge 1.50 

F — • Seventh 100 feet southwest of bridge 0.75 

F — - Length of approach, 700 feet. 

F — Average gradient 2 . 36 

F — First 100 feet northwest of bridge 3 . 47 

F — Second 100 feet northwest of bridge 3 . 69 

F — Third 100 feet northwest of bridge 3.23 

F — Fourth 100 feet northwest of bridge 2.10 

F — Remaining 74 feet to foot of approach 1 . 19 

F — Length of approach, 474 feet. 

F — Average gradient 2 . 77 

F — Macadam. 



Engineering Depabtment. 



67 



APPENDIX H. 



WIDTHS OF BOSTON STREETS, 1907. 

Roadway Total 

width. width. 

Albany street, at Dover street 54 . 80 . 

Arlington street, at the Public Garden 50.0 80.0 

Atlantic avenue, at Broad street 78.3 100.0 

Atlantic avenue, at Commercial wharf 78.3 100.0 

Atlantic avenue, near Commereial wharf 78.3 100.0 

Atlantic avenue, at Essex street 70.0 100.0 

Battery street, near North Ferry 45.0 65.0 

Beacon street, at Brimmer street 61.0 89.0 

Beacon street, at Clarendon street 47.9 72.0 

Beacon street, at River street 66.8 93.0 

Berkeley street, at Stanhope street 54.5 80.0 

Beverly street, near Causeway street 36 . 50 . 

Blackstone street, near south side North street . . . . 45.5 61.5 

Boylston street, at M I. T 49.5 78.5 

Broad street, near Central street 49 . 5 70 . 

Canal street, near Causeway street 50.0 75.0 

Canal street, near Market street 50.0 75.0 

Central street, near Atlantic avenue 48.3 63.5 

Charles street, at the Common 52.0 80.0 

Columbus avenue, between Berkeley street and the railroad 

bridge 54.0 80.0 

Columbus avenue, between railroad bridge and Dartmouth 

street 54.0 80.0 

Commercial street, at Cross street 48.5 67.7 

Commercial street, at Hanover street 60.0 80.0 

Court street, between Ames and Sears building . . . . 24.9 41.7 
Court street, between Brattle street and Hanover street . .62.0-38.0 89.0-62.0 

Dartmouth street, at Commonwealth avenue . . . . 70.0 100.0 

Eastern avenue, near South Ferry 54.2 70.0 

Exchange street 15.5 25.0 

Haverhill street, near Causeway street 32.2 49.0 

Kilby street, near State street 25 . 2 39 . 3 

Leverett street, near Charles street 46.0 62.0 

Lincoln street, at Beach street 44.8 64.5 

Massachusetts avenue, at Commonwealth avenue . . . 62.9 90.0 

Mercantile street 46 . 66 . 

Milk street, at Post Office 41.0-46.0 60.0-65.0 

North street, between Union street and Merchants row . . 19.0 31.0 

North Market street, at Commercial street 44.0 64.3 

Portland street, near Causeway street 34.3 50.0 

South Market street, at north side Commercial street . . 76.6 101.0 

State street, at State-street block 66.5 86.0 

State street, opposite Exchange building 38.0 63.0 

Tremont street, at West Newton street 70.0 100.0 

Washington street North, near Causeway street . . . . 68 . 92 . 

Washington street North, near Medford street . . 68.0 92.0 
Washington street, between Cornhill and Court street . .23.5-28.0 41.5-45.0 

Washington street, corner Summer street (north) . . . 40.7 60.0 

Washington street, corner Summer street (south) . . . 32.5 49.5 

Washington street, north side of Hanover street . . . 40.0 60.0 

Washington street, at Worcester street 80.0 100.0 

Winter street 19.5 36.0 



CONTENTS. 



REPORT ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT FOR 1907. 



General Index to Contents Engineering Department Reports, 1S67-1892, will be found 
in Report of February 1, 1892. 



Engineering Department 

Statement of Expenses, Abolishment of grade crossings: 

" " " Congress street 

" " " Dudley street 

" " " East Boston 

" " " Atlantic-avenue bridge 

" " " Brookline-street bridge 

" " " Engineering Department 

" " " Northern avenue and Sleeper street, 

Bridges Inspected 

" wholly supported by Boston 

" _ " " railroads 

" of which Boston supports the part within its limits, 
" " " " pays a part of the cost of main- 
tenance 

" supported by railroad corporations 

" Boston & Albany 

R.R 

" Boston & Maine 

R.R.andB.&A. 

R.R 

" Boston & Maine 

R.R., Eastern 

Div 

" Boston, Revere 

Beach & Lynn 

R R 

N.Y., N.H." & H. 

R.R., Midland 

Div 

N.Y., N.H. & H. 
R.R., Old Col- 
ony Div 

N.Y., N.H. & H. 
R.R.,Prov.Div., 

" " Metropolitan Park Commission 

" " Charles River Basin Commission 

Total number (163) 



Bridges. 



Agassiz road, in the fens 

Albany street, over B. & A. R.R. freight tracks 

Allston, over B. & A. R.R 

Arborway, over Stony brook 

Ashland street, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R., W. Rox., 

69 



2 
3 
3 
3 
4 
2 
4 

4 
5 

34 

7 



9 
10 
10 
10 

5 
10 
10 

11 
11 
11 



70 City Document No. 17. 



Bridges, continued. 

Ashmont street and Dorchester avenue, over Old Colony Div. 

N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 11 

Athens street, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 11 

Atlantic-avenue bridge 12 

Audubon road, over B. & A. R.R 12 

Austin-street bridge, over B. & M. R.R., Charlestown 12 

Baker street at Brook Farm, W. Roxbury 12 

Beacon street, over outlet of the fens 12 

Beacon street, over B. & A. R.R 12 

Bellevue street, over Muddy river, in Riverway 13 

Bennington street, over B. & A. R.R., East Boston 13 

Bennington street, over B., R.B. & L. R.R 13 

Berkeley street, over B. & A. R.R. and Prov. Div. N.Y., 

N.H. & H. R.R 13 

Bernier-street footbridge, over Bridle path, Riverway 14 

Bernier-street footbridge, over Muddy river 14 

Berwick-park footbridge, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. 

R.R 14 

Blakemore street, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 14 

Blue Hill avenue, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R... . 14 

Bolton street, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 14 

Boston street, over Old Colony Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R. ... 14 

Boylston street, Back Bay fens 15 

Boylston street, B. & A. R.R 15 

Bridle Path, over Muddy river, in Riverway 15 

Broadway, over Fort Point channel 16 

Broadway, over B. & A. R.R 16 

Brookline avenue, over B. & A. R.R 16 

Brookline avenue, over Muddy river, in Riverway 16 

Brookline street to Cambridge 16 

Brooks street, Brighton 16 

Byron street, B., R.B. & L. R.R 17 

Cambridge bridge 17 

Cambridge street 17 

Cambridge street, over B. &. M. and B. & A. R.R 17 

Canal, or Craigie's, temporary 21 

Castle Island footbridge 17 

Central avenue, over Neponset river 18 

Charlesgate, in the fens, over B. & A. R.R 18 

Charlesgate, in the fens, over Ipswich street 18 

Charlestown 18 

Chelsea, over B. & M. R.R 18 

Chelsea (North) 19 

Chelsea (South) 19 

Chelsea street 19 

Circuit drive, over Scarboro' pond, in Franklin park 19 

Columbia road, over Old Colony Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R.. . 20 

Columbia road, over Shoreham street 20 

Columbus avenue, over B. & A. R.R. and Prov. Div. N.Y., 

N.H. & H. R.R 20 

Commercial Point, or Tenean 20 

Commonwealth avenue, in the fens 20 

Congress street 21 

Cottage Farm, over B. & A. R R 21 

Cottage-street footbridge, East Boston 21 

Curtis-street bridge, over B. & A. R.R., East Boston 21 

Dartmouth street, over B. & A. R.R. and Prov. Div. N.Y., 

N.H. & H. R.R 21 

Dorchester avenue, over Port Point channel 22 

Dorchester avenue, over Old Colony Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. 

R.R 22 

Dover street 22 



Engineering Department. 71 



PAGE. 



Bridges, continued. 

Ellicott arch, in Franklin Park 23 

Elmwood-street bridge, over Stony brook 23 

Everett street, over B. & A. R.R., Brighton 23 

Fen bridge, in the fens 23 

Ferdinand street, over B. & A. R.R 23 

Florence-street bridge, over Stony brook 23 

Forest Hills entrance in Franklin Park 23 

Gainsborough-street footbridge, over Prov- Div. N.Y., N.H. 

& H. R.R 23 

Gold street, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 24 

Granite to Milton 24 

Harvard to Cambridge . 24 

Harvard street, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 24 

Huntington avenue, over B. & A. R.R 24 

Huntington avenue, over Muddy river 25 

Hyde Park-avenue bridge, over Stony brook 25 

Ipswich street, over waterway in the fens 25 

Irvington-street footbridge, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. 

R.R 25 

Keyes-street bridge, over Stony brook 25 

L-street bridge 25 

Leverett pond footbridge, in Leverett Park 26 

Linden Park street, over Stony brook 26 

Longwood avenue, over Muddy river and B. & A. R.R 26 

Maiden 26 

Massachusetts avenue, over B. & A. R.R 26 

Massachusetts avenue, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R. . . 27 

Mattapan to Milton 27 

Maverick-street bridge, over B. & A. R.R., East Boston 27 

Meridian street 27 

Milton 27 

Mt. "Washington avenue 28 

Neponset 28 

Neptune road, over B., R.B. & L. R.R 28 

Newton street, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 28 

Norfolk street, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R., Dor- 

Norfolk street, oyer Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R., near 

Mattapan station 28 

North Beacon street 29 

North Harvard street 29 

Oakland street, over Midland Div. N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R 29 

Perkins-street footbridge, over B. & M. R.R. and B. & A. 

R.R., Charlestown 29 

Porter-street bridge, over B. & A R.R., East Boston 30 

Prescott-street bridge, over B. & A. R.R., East Boston 30 

Prison Point 30 

Public Garden footbridge 30 

Saratoga-street bridge, over B. & A. R.R., East Boston 30 

Scarboro' pond footbridge, Franklin Park 31 

Shawmut avenue, over B. & A. R.R. and N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R. . 31 

Southampton-street bridges, over South Bay sluices 31 

Southamptonstreet,'over01dColony Div.N.Y.,N.H. &H.R.R., 31 

Spring street to Dedham 31 

Summer street, over A street 31 

" B " 31 

" C " 31 

" " " Fort Point channel 32 

" N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R. freight tracks 32 

Warren' 32 

West Fourth street, over Old Colony Div. N.Y.,N.H.&H.R.R., 33 



72 City Document No. 17. 

Bridges, concluded. 

PAGE. 

West Rutland-square footbridge, over Prov. Div. N.Y., N.H. 

& H. R.R 33 

Western avenue to Cambridge 33 

Western avenue to Watertown 33 

Winthrop 33 

Wood Island Park footbridge 34 

Surveying Division 35 

Lines and grades given, and paving work measured, 1907: 

Boston Proper 37 

Brighton 40 

Charlestown 37 

Dorchester 37 

East Boston and Breed's Island 37 

Roxbury 39 

South Boston 37 

West Roxbury 40 

Plans in Surveying Division 41 

Miscellaneous Work and Construction in 1907 : 

Atlantic-avenue bridge 43 

Boston Consumptives' Hospital 44 

Deer Island boundary wall 45 

East Boston ferries : 

South ferry, Boston side 48 

Grade crossings: 

. • Dudley street 45 

East Boston 45 

Highland Park standpipe 47 

Meridian-street bridge 47 

Miscellaneous plans and estimates 52 

Northern avenue and Sleeper street 47 

Street Department : 

Working plans, specifications and forms of contract were pre- 
pared and forwarded for assessment streets 48 

Plans and specifications for repaving streets 48 

Grading Street Railway Tracks : 

Boston Elevated Railway Company 48 

Water Department : 

Extension of mains 49 

Table showing the average stated monthly heights in feet, 
above city base, to which water rose at different stations 

on the Boston waterworks 51 

Table showing monthly rainfall in inches during 1907 at 

various places in Eastern Massachusetts 51 

General statistics 53 

City Engineers, 1850=1908 54 



Engineering Department. 73 



APPENDICES. 



Appendix A. — Table showing the widths of openings for vessels 

in all bridges provided with draws 56 

B. — Engineering Department, property schedule 58 

C. — Elevations referred to Boston city base 59 

D. — Engineering Department annual reports, 1867- 

1907 61 

E. — Engineering Department, Revised Ordinances. ... 62 

F. — Meridian line 63 

G. ■ — Grades of streets 64 

H. — Widths of streets 67