111 BOSTON PUBLIC UBRARY mmn \m ^^^^^^1 ■R M^^^^H ■ly I^H vn xr- 1 i 1 i , ' 1 ■ ( 1 PRESENTED TO THE ^CJ'SJ 7 „ -■h-^ ry> Digitized by the Internet Arciiive in 2010 witin funding from Boston Public Library http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofco1861bost City Document, — No. 9. mw^n ®s^ iB®©^®ifo REPORT COCHITUATE WATER BOARD CITY COUNCIL OF EOSTON, FOR THE YEAR 1861. CITY OF BOSTON In Oommon Council, January 9, 1862. Ordered : That the Cochituate Water Board be authorized to make their Annual Eeport in print. Sent up for concurrence. JOSHUA D. BALL, President. In Board of Aldermen, January 13, 1862. Concurred. THOMAS P. EICH, Chairman. Approved. J. M. WIGHTMAN, Mai/ar. REPORT. Office of the Cochituate Water Board, ) Boston, January 15, 1862. j To THE City Council : The Cochituate Water Board, in submitting to the City Council their Annual Report for the year 1861, regard it as a matter of congratulation that the Works are in a safe and efficient condition ; that the various subordinate officers connected with the administration of this important department have been faithful in the discharge of their respective duties ; and that the quantity and quality of water supplied to the citizens have been entirely satisfactory. The expenditures and receipts on account of the Water Works to January 1, 1862, may be stated as follows : — Amounts paid by the original Commissioners, and by the Water Boards from the time the Works came under the control of the latter . . ^5,580,860 64 Sundry payments by the City and dis- count and interest on loans, 3,682,295 65 Amoun t carried forward^ ^9, 26 3, 156 29 6 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Amount brought forward^ ^9,263,156 29 From which there should be deducted sundry credits by the city, and amounts received for Water rates . 3,138,835 65 ^6,124,320 64 Leaving the actual cost of the Works on January 1, 1862, the sum of ^6,124,320.64. The receipts for Water used in the year 1861 was ^342,138.75, being an increase over the income of the previous year of more than thirty thousand dollars, and being about five and one half per cent, on the cost of the Works, as above stated. The assessments for the year 1862, payable in Janu- ary, amount to ^298,755. 19. The estimated amount of income from sales of Water during the year 1862, is ^375,000.00. By reference to the Report of the Clerk, hereto an- nexed, it will be seen that there has been drawn from the treasury by the Board, during the year, the sum of ^73,977 29 Of this, there was drawn for the new main pipe, ^334 76 For raising the pipes on Tre- mont and Dover Streets, 601 50 For laying pipe in Beacon Street ... 506 78 For extension of the Works 38,615 50 40,058 54 Leaving as the ordinary expenses of the year §33,918 75 KEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 7 The increase of expense for the year was caused by repairs upon the line of pipe to East Boston, and upon Beacon tlill Reservoir, which together amounted to the sum of g 4,200. The embankments, culverts, waste weirs, and bridges connected with the aqueduct in the Western Division, have all been thoroughly repaired during the year, and are now in good condition. The Superintendent of this Division has several times thoroughly examined the interior of the aque- duct, and on one occasion was accompanied by mem- bers of the Board. In August last the interior received a thorough cleansing throughout its whole extent. No new cracks were discovered, but the Superintendent reports that some of the old ones have enlarged. One in Brighton will require particular attention, but it is obvious that repairs of this sort are attended with great difficulty, as the Brookline Reservoir is not large enough to keep the City supplied while the water is shut off from the aqueduct for the purpose of repairing the same. The Superintendent of the Eastern Division has presented his Annual Report, which is annexed. The usual amount of iron pipe has not been laid in this division, owing to the limited amount of building in the city, while the repairs have been more than usual. At Chelsea Creek it was discovered that the worms had destroyed the woodwork that supports the pipes, to a considerable extent, and immediate repairs were deemed necessary, and were made. At Warren Bridge a new 8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. outside fender has been put on the entire length, and made secure. Repairs on the Beacon Hill Reservoir were com- menced, but have been postponed on account of the difficulty of procuring cement. They will probably be resumed in the spring. The aggregate length of pipes laid from the com- mencement of the Works, to January 1, 1862, is over one hundred and thirty-one miles. The line of pipe to East Boston has been repaired. The bridges and the box across the creek between Chelsea and East Boston were very much decayed, and the Board desire to call particular attention to the sub- ject of the East Boston supply. If this pipe across the creek should give out from any cause, the citizens of this portion of the city would be wholly deprived of water, for the pipe which is under water cannot be repaired. We recommend the laying of another pipe across Meridian Street bridge, of a larger size than the present one. By the Act of the Legislature of this Common- wealth of 1860, (ch. 184,) the City was authorized to raise the dam at the outlet of Lake Cochituate to the height of 4we feet above the floor of Knight's flume (so called). In accordance with this Act the dam was raised, and in the judgment of this Board, we have now reached the greatest capacity of Lake Cochituate for the supply of water. In case the supply is insuffi- cient, recourse should be had to other sources, which may or may not be connected with this lake. To raise the lake any higher will require legisla- EEPORT OF THE WATEE BOARD. 9 tive action, and would be attended with such expense, and with difficulties so great and so numerous that the Board are decidedly of the opinion that it will be a mis- taken policy to attempt it. The Board have visited the lake and made a careful examination, with the view of obtaining more water ; and after the most careful consideration of the whole subject, decided to connect Dudley Pond with the lake by an iron pipe about eight hundred feet in length. It was thought that a portion of the distance could be tunnelled, but upon examination this was found impos- sible, there being so much coarse gravel ; and it was found necessary to dig a trench, the deepest part of which is sixty feet. The estimated cost of this con- nection is less than ^14,000. With this addition to the source of supply there ought to be water enough for this City without any additional expense, and the Board are confident there would be, were it not for the wasteful use of the water in the city. This has been a topic of discussion in the various Water Reports for several years. The present Board have adopted energetic measures, by the aid of the police, in preventing this evil, and these measures have been attended with marked success. ' At the same time, the only efficient remedy must be found in the citizens themselves in the use of water, and in giving information of any wasteful use by others, or by the general adoption throughout the city of water-meters, and an entire change in the assessment and collection of water rates. The Board are satisfied that some methods of using 10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. the water, heretofore allowed, are highly objectionable, and should be changed at once. One of these is the use of hopper water-closets. In order to test this manner of using the water, a meter was attached to a pipe that supplied five hopper water-closets at the Boston and Maine Railroad station, and in twenty-two days the meter indicated 543,187 gallons as the quan- tity consumed, or 24,690 gallons per day, which, at the tariiF-rate of two cents for each one hundred gallons per day for three hundred and sixty-five days, would amount to S 1,802.37. The amount actually charged in the tariff" now adopted for five hopper closets, in 1861, was ^25! The Board have not hesitated to adopt a rule that no more water shall be supplied to hopper closets made on and after January 1, 1862. The Board also caused two meters to be attached to the factory of Messrs. Grover & Baker, with the fol- lowing results : In thirty-five days, the meter that supplied the engine of twenty-eight horse-power con- sumed 124,657 gallons, or 3,561 gallons per day, which, at the tariff"-rate of two cents for each one hundred gallons for one year, amounts to ^213.66. The amount paid for this engine in 1861 was ^217.76. The meter that supplied nine water-closets and six sinks, in the same establishment, indicated in thirty-five days, 698,565 gallons to have been used, or 19,959 gal- lons per day, which, at the tariff"-rate of two cents for each one hundred gallons for one year, amounts to S 1,197.36. The amount actually paid for these clos- ets and sinks for the year 1861, was $80 ! EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. H A meter was placed during the year in the house of the President of the Board, in Chestnut Street. The family consisted on an average of six persons, and the quantity of water used was the same as before the meter was placed there ; that is, no change was inten- tionally made in this respect. The result was, that for two hundred and forty-five days the quantity of water used was 20,670 gallons, — an average of eighty-four gallons per day, or 30,660 per annum, which, at the tariff-rate of six cents per one hundred gallons, amounts to ^18.39. The rate charged and paid for this house was ^21. From which it appears that the occupant actually paid more by the rate than he would have paid by actual measurement. These results speak for themselves, and show that some radical change in this enormous disparity be- tween the amount of water used, and paid for, is desir- able ; and it is quite certain that the most just, satis- factory, and equitable method of charging for the water, would be by actual measurement, so that each citizen may pay for just the quantity he uses. Hence many are ready to advocate the immediate introduction of water-meters over the whole city. Perhaps this may be the result in time. But there are practical dif- ficulties in this matter that deserve serious considera- tion before any such radical change is made ; and such a plan would require the expenditure of something like half a million of dollars at the present cost of water-meters. In certain cases, however, where a meas- urement of water seemed absolutely indispensable, the Board have caused meters to be introduced ; and during the year they have procured forty-two meters. 12 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. and have expended about three thousand dollars for this purpose. The Board are happy to be able to state that the change which was made in the tariff in regard to hotels, has been sustained by a decree of great impor- tance, made by the Supreme Judicial Court. The case was brought before the Court by the proprietor of the Parker House, in a bill in equity to restrain the City of Boston from cutting off the supply of Cochituate Water therefrom, or otherwise enforcing against the plaintiffs the water rates assessed upon them in the year 1859. The facts in the case were, that, under the provisions of the City Ordinance, the Water Board and Registrar put into a portion of the hotels of the city, including that of the plaintiffs', a water-meter, for the purpose of determining the quantity of water used therein ; that the water used in plaintiffs' hotel exceeded ten thou- sand gallons a day ; and the Water Registrar, under the direction of the Water Board, made an assessment thereon, for the quarter ending December 31, 1859, at the rate of two cents for each one hundred gallons ; that the amount of the assessment so made was ^206.19; while, if made according to the provisions of the City Ordinance, applicable to hotels into which no meters have been put, it would have been only ^57.40, and that the plaintiffs were notified, Decem- ber 27, 1859, that unless the amount assessed was paid within three days the water would be cut off. The counsel for the plaintiffs contended — 1. That the power to fix the price and rents of water was in the City Council alone, and could not be delegated to REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 13 the Water Board or any other city officer. 2. That the citizens using water had a right to have the judg- ment and discretion of the City Council upon the price to be paid. 3. If the Ordinances were otherwise within the authority of the City Council, they were uncertain, unreasonable, and therefore void. 4. But the plaintiffs were charged several times as much under these pro- visions as under the price fixed by the City Council. 5. Hotelkeepers using the same quantity might, under these provisions, be charged at rates differing as one to four, at the will of the Water Board or Water Regis- trar. 6. Even if the Ordinance was valid, this spe- cific water rate should have been assessed by the Reg- istrar, and not by the Water Board. 7. It should have been assessed on the last of January, for the year, and not quarterly. In the elaborate opinion of the Court, all these points were overruled, and it was decided, that upon a proper interpretation of the provisions of the stat- utes and ordinances bearing upon the subject, none of the objections urged by the plaintiffs against the pro- ceedings of the Water Board m fixing the price or rent to be paid for water taken by them, could be sanctioned. Judgment was accordingly rendered for the City. As this was a test case, the other hotel pro- prietors who had refused to pay the rates assessed, subsequently paid them, amounting to ^9,526.50. In concluding this Heport, the Board desire to call attention to a subject which has been alluded to in for- mer Reports, and that is the annexation of more terri- tory to the limits of the city. Of course this Board 14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. have no right to refer to this subject in any other point of view than the one aiFecting the water supply. They believe the present Water Works are sufficient to sup- ply the present limits of this city and any population we are likely to have within our present territory ; but there will not be sufficient for the people in case other cities should be annexed ; and, in such an event, it will be indispensable to look to other sources of supply. It will be false economy and a great municipal error to obtain more service from the present Works than they will bear. They have been constructed with the view of performing a certain amount of supply. If an attempt is made to increase this amount, it will cer- tainly be attended by a disarrangement of the system, and to constant difficulties which may seriously impair the whole character of the Works. It will be far more economical for the citizens in case more territory is an- nexed, to consider at the same time what measures be taken for a further supply of water, than it will be to impair a system which now works to general satisfac- tion, and which is believed to be as good as any in the world. All of which is respectfully submitted. EBENEZER JOHNSON, President. SAMUEL HALL, SAMUEL HATCH, GEORGE P. FRENCH, JABEZ FREDERICK, GEORGE DENNIE, L. MILES STANDISH. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. Statement of Expenditures made by the CocMtuate Water Board, from December 31, 1860, to January 1, 1862. Laying service pipe . . . . . . ^5 50 Pipe yard, painting buildings, &c. . . . 52 19 Taxes 218 59 Fountains 303 98 Stationery, (including stationery for Water Register and Superintendents) . . . . . . 189 79 Damage to drains, in streets, &c. . . . 193 02 Oil 159 80 Printing, (including "Water Registrar's and Superin- tendent's) 526 64 Miscellaneous expense, flowing skating grounds, pond on Public Garden, plans, &c., and expense of the Board 560 98 New main pipe, cost of . . 304,991 83 Deduct previous payments . 304,657 07 334 76 Repairing main pipe . . . . . 3,287 95 Aqueduct repairs ....... 1,862 45 Lake, raising lower dam and other repairs, 1,551 18 Paid on account of connecting Dudley Pond with the lake . . . 2,757 02 4,308 20 Amowit carried forward, $ 12,003 85 16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Amount hrought fm'ward, )$5 12,003 85 Eepairing service pipe . . . 2,094 40 Eepairing streets . . . . . ' . . 2,357 63 Eepairing hydrants ..... 2,102 50 Salaries . 8,405 33 Office expenses 1,758 05 Off and on water . . ... . 2,848 76 Wages proving yard ..... 1,801 81 Wages plumbing shop 502 25 Wages blacksmith shop .... 776 48 Wages laying main pipe . . . . . 2,993 63 Wages laying service pipe .... 2,729 97 Beacon Hill Eeservoir, for labor, &c. . 1,900 14 South Boston Eeservoir, for labor, &c.. 97 24 East Boston Eeservoir, for labor, &c. 207 64 Brookline Eeservoir, for labor, &c. 712 45 Service pipe ...... . 8,007 83 Main pipe . 11,491 63 Stable . . . . 533 81 Laying main pipe, for stock, &c. . 1,327 79 Blacksmith shop, for stock, &c. 118 35 Hydrant and stop-cock boxes . . 648 93 Eepairing stop-cocks .... . 1,156 60 Travelling expenses ..... 344 53 Tolls and ferriage .... 140 03 Postage and express 38 34 Tools 540 67 Eaising water pipes, on Tremont and Dover Streets .... 17,9 99 76 Deduct previous payments . . 17,3 98 26 601 50 Carting 146 00 Hydrants 722 06 Proving yard, for stock, &c. 957 7Q Stop-cocks 955 11 Amount carried forward, $71,023 07 REPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 17 Amount hrov^ht forward, fj, 71,023 07 Laying main pipe, on Beacon Street . 4,998 05 Deduct previous payments . . 4,491 27 ^ ^ ^ 506 78 Eents, for tool chest 39 00 Meters 2,408 44 73,977 29 Less this amount drawn for new main . 334 76 Less this amount drawn for raising pipe on Tremont and Dover Streets . . 601 50 Less this amount drawn for laying pipe on Beacon Street ... . 506 78 1,443 04 72,534 25 CASH PAID CITY TREASURER. Eeceived rent for Arches under Beacon Hill Eeser- voir 300 00 Eeceived for account of land sold . . 130 00 " " wood, $ 87 ; grass and pasture, ^81 168 00 Eeceived for old wagon . . . . 7 00 '■ " Main pipe and laying (for Fire Department, &c.,) service pipe and laying, repairing, «&c., &c. . . 7,228 36 Eeceived for off and on water for re- pairs 1,434 75 Eeceived for off and on water for "Waste and fines . . 1,350 00 Eeceived for off and on water for non-payment . . . 1,431 50 4,216 25 Less this amount for non-pay- ment, which was paid City Treasurer . . . 1,431 50 2,784 75 10,618 11 ^^^^''^^ 2 ^61,916 14 18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Amount of expenditures ^72,534 25 EXTENSION Oil Laying service pipe . Wages, proving yard . Wages, plumbing shop Wages, blacksmith shop Wages, laying main pipe . Wages, laying service pipe . Service pipe Main pipe .... Stable .... Laying main pipe Blacksmith shop, stock, &c. Hydrant and stop-cock boxes Tolls and ferriage Tools Carting .... Hydrants .... Proving yard . Stop-cocks .... Meters .... Lake, Dudley Pond . I Lower dam, &c. Aqueduct repairs Amount of annual expense OF THE WORK. . ^159 80 5 50 . 1,801 81 360 00 550 00 2,993 63 . 2,729 97 8,007 83 . 11,491 63 350 00 . 1,327 79 118 35 200 00 65 00 150 00 120 00 722 06 . . 800 00 955 11 1,800 00 ; 2,757,02 950.00 3,707 02 200 00 38,615 50 $33,918 75 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 19 Expenditures and Receipts on account of the Water Works, to January 1, 1862. Amount drawn by the Commissioners 3 . , ^4,043,718 21 1850 366,163 89 1851 141,309 23 1852 . 89,654 20 1853 89,854 03 1854 80,182 35 1855 63,866 33 1856 . 81,429 35 1857 96,631 25 1858 76,006 01 1859 . 385,652 47 1860 . 146,304 55 1861 73,977 29 5,735,049 16 Amount paid the City Treasurer "by the Commissioners ^47,648 38 Am't paid by Water Board, 1850, 8,153 52 ' 1851, 5,232 38 ' 1852, 15,869 12 ' 1853, 4,621 40 ' 1854, 12,423 29 ' 1855, 9,990 38 ' 1856, 7,840 43 ' 1857, 13,750 00 ' 1858, 9,200 00 ' 1359, 5,554 00 ' 1860, 3,287 51 ' 1861, 10,618 11 154,188 52 J. ^.m(nmt c arried forward, ^5,580,860 64 20 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. Amount h'ouglit forward, ^5,580,860 64 Sundry payments by tlie City, 65,758 02 Discount and interest on loans, 3,616,537 63 3,682,295 65 9,263,156 29 Sundry credits by tbe City, 58,907 79 Amount received for water rates, 3,079,927 86 3,138,835 65 36,124,320 64 SAMUEL N. DYEK, Clerk Cochituate Water Board. REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE EASTERN DIVISION. Boston, January 5, 1862. Ebenezbr Johnson, Esq., Pres. of the Qochituate Water Board: Sir : In compliance to the Rules and Regulations of the Water Board, I present the Annual Report of the general condition of matters connected with the Eastern Division. There has not heen the usual numher of pipes laid the past year, OAving to the small amount of building that has been going on. Tliere has also been less call for the extension of the main and service pipes. The repairs for the past season have been more than usual. Having time to attend to it, all of the small matters that have been deferred have been brought up and put in good condi- tion. Among the most important repairs were those at Chelsea Creek. Upon examination in the spring, it was found that the worms had destroyed the woodworlc that supported the pipe, to such an extent that immediate repairs Avere required. Piles were driven by the side of the old ones, and sawed off low enough to put in timber 12 X 1^ as caps, and then wedged up to the pipes, and properly secured. The old bearings were not disturbed. A new plank box has been built on both sides of the creek, and ad- ditional piles have been driven to protect it from vessels and the ice. At the Warren Bridge the outside fender was so much de- cayed as to be unsafe, and a new one has been put on the entire length of the bridge, together with new piles and braces to make it perfectly secure. 22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Meservoirs. Eepairs on the Beacon Hill Eeservoir were commenced this fall. Not being able to procure suitable cement, it has been postponed until spring. A very favorable result was shown by the work done on it. The reservoirs at South and East Boston remain the same as they were last year. A drain has been laid on Brooks Street to take the waste water from the banks of the East Boston Eeservoir. An average of sixteen feet of water is kept there, that being as much as is prudent to retain. The water is confined in the three reservoirs at the present time as a reserve in case of accident to the pipes, or an extensive fire. Everything connected with this division of the works is in good condition, so far as it is possible to know. Statement of Location, Size, and Number of Pipes laid in 1861. In what Streets. Berkley. Rutland Sharon Public Garden. Newbury Montgomery .. Charles Jay Fruit Albion Between what Streets. BOSTON PROPEE. Tremont and Total 12 inches in Boston , West of Tremont Harrison Avenue and Albany. From Beacon Arling-ton and Berkley West of Tremont Cambridge and Fruit Berkley and North Grove and Charles Dover and Chapman Total 6 inches in Boston , Camden Place East of Washington Walnut Place East of Washington Tennyson Street jWest of Church Public Garden i For Fountains Public Garden | From Arlington Worcester From Harrrison Avenue. For 20 Fire Reservoirs... Sixth J'irst O and P Second IK and L. Total 4 inches in Boston SOUTH BOSTON. C and D Amotmt carried forward. 430 430 612 672 550 320 87 224 600 328 300 3,693 255 255 18 217 104 300 252 1,401 275 331 72 Remarks. This was renewed. For Hospital. REPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 23 Statement of Pipes, continued. In what Streets. O N James K Third Ei'g'htii Dorchester Avenue Tudor First Tudor Glover Court Border . . Marginal , Between what Streets. SOUTH BOSTON. Amount brought forioard Fourth and Sixth Fourth and Fifth Fourth and Thomas Second and Tliird K and L First and Second Gandl Dorcliester St. and Dorchester Line. Total 6 inches in South Boston. C and D O andP DandE From Ward Street . Total 4 inches in South Boston. EAST BOSTON. Sturtevant's Wharf Eastern Railroad Wharf . . For 4 Fire Reservoirs Total 4 inches in East Boston. 678 482 136 118 319 673 150 272 820 3,648 150 550 53 753 Remarks. For Crystal Gl. Co. For Eastern R. R. EECAPITULATION. Section. 1851. Diameter in inches. 12 6 4 430 3,693 6 3,648 11 1,401 Boston Proper 26 644 South Boston 3 753 East Boston 3 430 7,341 17 2,798 35 Sums of Stop-cocks 24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. ^5 I— I M Ph o c ^ 1 tt) p^ .<u E-( c-o 1 o>o H -H ^ P^ P C5 t,M o 6 <^ C-) -1 1 ?i 1—1 1— •ti O 2 CS o CM -*i o §1 M t^ 1 eC o? £^ CJ 3 53 o ^ •f ^ X ^ c Csj S JO C^ c- cc oc 00 to rri i •^ ■^ ^ == (^ Cl o ^ Tt< C-. c> IT 1 ^ O s oq o K o o y. " o O r- c^ c w o o. '^ C; "C c^ " o ^ IN ^ ir ^ R «c g ;H o c- oq cc i CO o c^ ^ 1^ ^ 1^ M iO ir o X c ^ 00 C-. -; c^ o to oc CO c- " ? rt ■o ■* S 10 r^ !0 ^ c c CO oT c C^) •f .tH <Xi >X 1 o o^ c ^ m 1 c; CJ u Qi A o a n o o t; P « =a c j % J : c j < .1 X a ;] a P 3 c ^ J 1 1 £ :f i £ = £ . £ a tj 5 ° 3 a i ^ 5 I i f ^ a i oT 3 S Hi 3 <) ■S a "** : 1 5 ^ ; ^ 3 +■ C 1 j 4^ ,14 "■ '^ i "■ * '^ ( ^ H a O p 2 ! s .-^ < c i ji i ^ 2 o _ 3 H ■- .3 ' 1 5 n c > : 3 C i c • c 5 t 2 c 3 = J 3 ^ ;3 ; i, "^ I J 1, "^ i f ■\ '^ 3 r 3" 1 ft ) 'c 3 "i ; c 5 ■; 3 C cy a =- - i ^ ^ =- ' 5 2 ", ^ 5 !< =► 3 -f 3q a c ^ j ^ c ' fl c \ S ; C 5 C s j ) '>■ i a 3 =1- H J 3 t. - a 53 ^ ^ 3 C 5 j: J c 5 .£ 3 C ^ ^ t' o £ ^ 1 J £ - c ; £ J £ fc ' 1 f H 1 5 f: ^ !? 5 P= . 12 5 f= 1 12 12 1 9 -c s .3 +T' CD EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 25 Statement of Service Pipes laid in 1861. Boston Proper. South Boston. East Boston. Total. a Length Length Length Length i Number. in Number. in Number. in Number. in 5 Feet. Feet. Feet. Feet. 1 8 370 2 246 1 6 11 622 I 7 370 2 111 1 51 8 532 1 284 10,337 136 3,935 45 1,649 465 15,921 3 21 072 89 2,628 13 433 123 3,733 -A-gg'i 607 20,808 Making the total number up to January 1, 1862 23,852 Repairs of Pipes during the Year 1861. DIAMETER OF PIPES IN INCHES. WHERE. 40 36 30 24 20 16 12 6 4 2 u 1 5 h f Total Boston Proper. 4 4 2 4 2 9 2 3 14 35 4 1 40 28 1 3 25 47 15 6 3 1 240 44 10 419 57 1 3 5 9 1 3 1 1 32 4 4 Totals 32 26 47 21 4 1 300 508 Of leaks that have occurred in pipes of four inches in diame- ter and upwards, eighty-five were caused by the loosening of lead in the joints, seven by defective pipes, seven by defective stop-cocks, eight by settling of earth, two by frost. Total, one hundred and nine in pipes of four inches and upwards. Of the leaks that have occurred in service and two-inch pipes, are as follows : One hundred and twenty-two were caused by the settling of earth, thirty-eight by stiff connections, nineteen stopped by rust, twenty by frost, forty-one by defective pipes, twenty-six by defective couplings, sixty-four stopped by fish, fifteen by de- fective cocks, eleven gnawed by rats, twelve struck by picks. 26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. fourteen defective joints, nine by digging drains, four stopped by gasket, three by cocks blowing out, one by tenants. Total, three hundred and ninety-nine, in service and two-inch pipes, showing a decrease in the whole number of leaks for the past year of eighty-four. Statement of the Number of Leaks, 1850^1861. LEAKS IN PIPES OP A DIAMETER OF YEAR. Four inches and upwards. Less than four inches. Total. 1850 32 72 104 1851 64 173 237 1852 82 241 323 1853 85 260 345 1864 74 280 354 1855 75 ... 219 294 1856 75 232 307 1857 85 . 278 363 1858 rt?>4 401 1859 ! 82 449 531 I860 134 458 592 1861 109 i 399 508 Hydrants. During the year thirty-six new hydrants have been established, as follows : Fifteen in the City proper, fourteen in South Boston, four in East Boston, and three in Roxbury, Total number of hydrants established up to January 1st, 1862: — In Boston Proper . . . • . 938 " South Boston 301 " East Boston 179 " Brookline . . . . . . 3 " Eoxbury 12 *' Charlestown ...... 11 " Chelsea 7 Total 1,451 KEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 27 Seventy hydrants have "been taken out for repairs, and replaced by new or repaired ones. One hundred and twenty -nine hydrant boxes have been renewed. Two important hydrants at South Boston, (corner of 4th and A Streets, and 4th and D Streets,) that was taken from the 12-inch stop-cocks, have been changed, so as to come direct from the pipes, thus doing away with the necessity of shutting off the 20-inch main line on 4th Street, to make any repairs on them. The hydrant in May Place has been taken out at the request of the owner of the property where it was located. A change has been made in the hydrants, so as to adapt them to the Steam Fire Engines, as was recommended last year, and all the hydrants set in future will be of the improved pattern. In con- nection with the hydrants, additional precaution has been taken to insure an abundance of water in case of fire, by connecting the following Fire Keservoirs with the main pipes : — Devonshire, corner of Franklin Street. Franklin, " " Hawley " State, " " Congress " Southac, " " West Cedar Street. Bowdoin Square. Sudbury, opposite Adams Street. Tremont Street, opposite Pemberton Square. Tremont " corner of School Street. Tremont " " " Park " Washington, corner of Milk " Washington, " " Franklin " Washington, " " Avon Place. Liberty Square " " Kilby Street. Broad, " " State " Batterymarch, " " Broad " Clinton, " " Fulton " South Market, opposite centre of Quincy Market. Hanover Street, " No. 96. Haymarket Square, opposite No. 6. 28 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Endicott, at the j unction of Salem Street. Maverick Square. Liverpool, corner of Maverick Street. Central Square. Lexington Street, opposite Lexington Place. Stop-Cocks. The stop-cocks are all in order, and have been properly cleaned and oiled. Fifty-two new stop-cocks have been put in and covered by new boxes, and seventy-three stop-cock boxes have been renewed. There are some important lines that need addi- tional stop-cocks put in. Not having them on hand it was de- ferred until next season. The work at the shop has been delayed the past season by not having sufficient power to carry our machinery. This has been remedied by putting in a steam engine, suitable to carry all of the works, and w^e now shall now be enabled to build the stop- cocks and hydrants without any delay. EEPORT OF THE WATER BOxlED. 29 Statement of Pipes and other Stock on hand, exclusive of Tools, January 1, 1862. NUMBER OP Pipes Blow-off Branches. Y Branches 3-Way Branches... 4- Way Branches... Flange Pipes Sleeves Clamp Sleeves Caps Eeducers Bevel Hubs Curved Pipes Quarter Turns Double Hubs Offset Pipes , Stop-Cocks , Yoke Pipes Man-hole Pipes ... Pieces of Pipes DIAilETER IN INCHES. 40 36 30 24 20 16 18 1 25 2 i.... 1 3 2 I.... I 1 ! 6 67 2 3 12 6 53 I 85 * Twelve 6-inch Stop-cocks are now being- made at the shop, and will soon be finished. Hydrants. Eighteen Wilmarth, eighteen Lowell, one sample, three NeAv York patterns. For Hydrants. 4 bends, 4 lengtheners, 14 frames and covers, 25 wharf hydrant couplings, 10 Nipples, 12 valve-seats, 43 caps, 41 stuffing boxes, 49 washers, 20 screws, 57 wastes, 7 wharf hydrant covers. For Stop-cochs. 5 frames and covers, 1 36-inch valve, 19 30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. clamps, 3 12-incli plungers, 3 6-incli do., 2 36-incli composition screws, 1 30-incli do, 2 24-incli do., 1 16-inch do., 1 12-incli do., 11 6-inch do., 15 6-inch iron do., 5 4-inch composition do., 44 bushings, 2 valve-rings, 5 sets of stands and geering for 36 and 30-inch gates, 12 6-incli stop-cocks and 6 4-inch do., partly finished. Meters. 2 3-inch iron Worthington pattern, 1 do. 3-inch com- position do., 4 2-inch composition do., 71 1-inch do., 35 f-inch do., 6 1-inch iron do., 6 f-inch iron do., 1 1-inch, Scotch pattern, 6 f-inch iron do., 44 of the Huse pattern, worthless except for old metal. Stock for Meters. 10 1-inch connection couplings, 2 2-inch do., 7 clock covers, 93 lbs. composition castings, 14 lbs. rubber pack- ing, 8 1-inch nipples, 4 sheets packing paper. For Service Pipe. 6 1-inch Union cocks, 37 f-inch do., 109 f-inch do., 98 |-inch do., 13 1-inch air cocks, 13-inch T cocks, 23 f-inch do., 28 f-inch do., 6 2J-inch couplings, 8 1-inch do., 14 l|-inch do., 30 f-inch do., 87 f-inch straight cocks, 115 lbs. old Union cocks, 57 lbs. f-inch Y cocks, 82 lbs. 1-inch Union cocks, 101 lbs. ^-inch do., 334 lbs. f-inch do., 110 lbs. f-inch do., un- finished, 407 lbs. cock -castings of various kinds, 112 flange cocks, 45 uprights, 30 extension do., 45 caps and boxes, 8 upright caps and flanges for inch cock. Lead Pipe. 525 lbs. 2J-inch pipe, 1828 lbs. 1-inch do., 1854 lbs. f-inch do., 6013 lbs. f-inch do., 2768 lbs. |-inchdo., 105 lbs. block tin pipe, 121 lbs. J-inch block tin pipe for thawing pur- poses. Pig Lead. 4054 lbs. pig lead. 57 lbs. sheet lead. Blacksmith'' s Shop. 2671 lbs. bar iron, 5826 lbs. pieces, 235 lbs. steel, 2800 lbs. scrap iron. Carpenter's Shop. 900 feet spruce plank, 4 hydrant boxes, 4 stop-cock do., 9 hydrant boxes unfinished, 6 stop-cock do., 100 lbs. spikes and nails, 100 feet boards. Stable. 3 horses, 3 sets of harnesses, 3 wagons, 1 sleigh, EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 31 1 chaise, 1 pung, 1500 lbs. English hay, 700 lbs, salt do., 800 lbs. straw, 15 bushels grain. The wagons are in a poor condition, and are not worth repairing in the spring. Tools. One steam engine, 1 large hoisting crane, 1 boom der- rick, 4 pair geered derricks, 2 pair shears with all the rigging for the same, tools for laying main and service pipes and for re- pairs of the same, 2 engine lathes, 1 Fox lathe, 1 hand lathe, 1 upright drilling machine, 2 grindstones, with the necessary amount of small tools to carry on the shop, also the usual tools of the Carpenter, Blacksmith and Plumber, also the office furni- ture, &c., 3 large street tool houses, 1 small do. At Beacon Hill Reservoir. 1 large proving press, 5 swivel pipe patterns, 1 swing stage, capstan frame and levers, 1 large copper ball, 1 composition cylinder, 2 jets, 1 6-inch cylinder and 2 6-inch jets, 1 reducer and 2 sets of 12-inch plates, 2 4-inch do., 3 composition reel jets, 6 cast-iron jets, 1 drinking fountain, also all of the patterns belonging to this department, some of which are stored at the foundries where we obtain the castings. Miscellaneous. 5 man-hole frames and covers, lot of old lum- ber, 7 large granite flagging stones, lot of old machinery from Marlboro', 98 tons paving gravel, 700 bricks, 5 casks Portland cement, 1 barrel rosin, half-cord wood, 3 tons coal, 3 bundles gasket, 6 kegs old bolts of various kinds, 3 tons old cast-iron, 75 lbs. rubber packing, 130 lbs. old composition, 100 lbs. cotton waste, I barrel oil, 4 dozen lanterns, 14 heads for proving press, lot of old hose, 1 proving press for 36-inch pipe, 1 do. for small pipes. No opportunity has occurred the past season to dispose of the old materials as was recommended last year, the present prices of old iron and composition would warrant the disposal of them as soon as possible. Respectfully submitted. ALBERT STANWOOD, Superintendent Eastern Division B. W. W. REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE WESTERN DIVISION. Natick, January 5, 1862. Ebenezer Johnson, Esq., Pres. of the Cochituate Water Board. 6iR : In compliance with the Rules and Regulations of the Board, the Superintendent of the Western Division respectfully submits the following Report of the condition of the work in his Division : The gate house, outlet dams, roads, culverts, and the grounds around the lake, are all in good condition. Agreeably to your order, I have raised the lower dam, and strengthened the upper one ; and have huilt a dam across Wash- burn's meadow, at the south end of the lake, to keep back the stagnant water. About eleven hundred feet of slope wall has been laid, at places where it was most needed, to keep the banks of the lake from washing away ; and I would recommend a continuation of this work to some extent another year, or the purchase of more land, in order to retain the five rods around the lake. The embankments, culverts, waste-weirs, and bridges, con- nected with the aqueduct, have all been thoroughly repaired during the past year, and are now in good condition. The seventh of last May, some person or persons, — thinking, perhaps, to obtain employment during part of the dall season, — attempted to make a breach in tlie aqueduct, about one hundred feet east of the east pipe chamber at Charles River. I immedi- EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 33 ately notified you, and, accompanied by the Mayor and memlDers of the Water Board, you proceeded to make an examination of it, and ordered a strict watch to be kept on the whole line, I immediately employed men to guard it, and they were kept on duty until November 19th, when I was ordered by the Board to discontinue their services. During the year I have several times thoroughly examined the interior of the aqueduct, and on one occasion was accompa- nied by members of the Board. In August last, the interior received a thorough cleansing throughout its whole extent, as is usual during each year ; no new cracks were discovered, but some of the old ones appear to have enlarged. The crack at the clay-bank at Bennett's land, in Brighton, in particular, has shown the past season that it would not be safe to allow it to remain much longer without being repaired ; but repairs are attended with great difficulty, as Brookline Eeservoir is not large enough to keep the city supplied, while the water is shut off' from the aqueduct. I was ordered by the Board to point these cracks this fall, so that any settling of the work would be discovered ; but it has been impossible to shut off" the water even for one day, it being so low in the lake it was necessary to have it running con- stantly through the aqueduct, to keep up the head at Brookline Reservoir. Brookline Eeservoir has received the usual amount of atten- tion during the year. The grounds and walks have been kept in good condition, and it still continues to be a place of consid- erable attraction to the public generally. Agreeably to your order, the work connecting Dudley Pond with the lake, has been commenced, and will be completed in a few weeks. You will find annexed a schedule of the tools, &c., belonging to the city, and used in this division. Respectfully submitted. E. F. KNOWLTON, Superintendent Western Division. 3 34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. The following property is in charge of, and used by, the Superintendent of the Western Division : — 1 express wagon. 1 horse cart and harness. 3 boats and 4 oars. 77 wheelbarrows, and 1 handcart. 113 shovels, and 24 picks. 2 crowbars, and 2 pinchbars. 4 iron rakes, 2 rammers. 2 grindstones, 8 water pails. 6 pairs rubber boots. 8 lanterns, 2 aqueduct lamps. 2 hammers, 1 level. 1 hand saw, 2 grass hooks. 2 iron wrenches at gate house. 2 brick and 2 pointing trowels. 2 hoes, 4 axes, 1 hand axe. 32 old shovels, 12 old wheelbarrows. 1 fluid can and oil filler. 1 pair hedge shears, 1 bush scythe, and 1 scythe snaith, 15 hundred feet plank. 1 stove and 1 desk. WATER REGISTRAR'S REPORT. OFFICE OF WATEE EEOISTEAE, CITY HALL. Boston, January 1, 1862. E. Johnson, Esq., President of the Cochituate Water Board. Sir : The foUowiiig Report is made in obedience to the ordi- nance regulating this department, passed October 31, 1850 : The total number of water takers, now entered for the year 1862, is 25,486, being an increase since January 1, 1860, of 1,170. During the year there has been 980 cases where the water has been shut off, all of which were for non-payment of water rates. The total number of cases where the water has been turned on, is 1,336. Of these, 686 were eases which had been shut off for non-payment of water rates, and 650 were turned on for the first time. The total amount received from December 31, 1860, to January 1, 1862, is . . . . . ^ 365,323 46 Of the above, there was received for water used in previous years, the sum of ^18,184.71, leaving the receipts for water used during the year 1861, the sum of $ 347,138.75. In addition to the above, there has been received for letting on the water, in cases where it had been turned oflF for non-payment of rates, the sum of 1,43150 Total amount ^66,754 96 36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. The increased amount of income in 1861, over tlie previous year, is ...... ^30,69460 The amount of assessments now made for the pres- ent year, is ^298,755 19 The estimated amount of income from the sales of water during the year 1862, is . . . p7 5, 000 00 The expenditures of my department during the year 1861, have been ^3,776 40 The items of this expenditure are as follows : — Paid Chas. L. Bancroft for services as clerk, Stephen Badlam " * " " . . Chas. C. Badlam " " " inspector, Edwin Jennings " " " " . Chas. E. Dunham " " " " . . Farwell & Co., for printing .... J. L. Fairbanks for stationery William Souther, for distributing bills E. G. Eichardson " " " G. S. Carpenter " " *' . Mr. Lyon '' " " ^3,776 40 Statement showing the number of houses, stores, steam engines, &c., in the city of Boston, supplied with Cochituate water to the 1st of January, 1862, with the amount of water rates paid for 1861. 18,130 Dwelling Houses, ^211,846 44 14 Boarding, ",.... 806 00 103 Model, " 4,011 50 8 Lodging, '' . . . . 169 00 34 Hotels, 3,480 00 3,842 Stores and Shops, .... 32,118 46 189 Buildings, 7,173 08 285 Offices, 2,007 92 Amount carried forward, ;$261,112 40 . poo 00 900 00 . 769 00 525 00 . 257 50 200 75 . 130 15 30 00 28 00 28 00 8 00 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 37 Amount Irought forward, ^261,112 40 49 Printing Offices, 635 55 18 Banks, .... 221 42 25 Halls, .... 328 00 3 Theatres, .... 151 25 17 Private Schools, 177 33 1 Library, . . 9 00 5 Asylums, 286 13 4 Green Houses, 37 00 1 Hospital, .■* 226 26 1 Catholic College, 159 00 1 Medical College, 51 00 59 Churches, .... 447 08 7 Markets, 544 50 161 Cellars, .... 981 50 388 Eestaurants and Saloons, 4,692 15 8 Cluh Houses, 183 00 7 Bath Houses, . . . 345 00 12 Packing Houses, 219 50 822 Stables, .... . 10,165 77 9 Factories, .... 232 50 8 Breweries, 209 67 2 Bleacheries, 20 50 59 Bakeries, 470 50 6 Ship Yards, 90 00 1 Dry Dock, . . ' . 15 00 2 Dry Docks and Engines, 60 00 74 Shops and Engines, 6,085 63 8 Mills and Engines, 1,099 60 10 Eoundries and Engines, . 665 17 13 Factories and Engines, 2,159 66 11 Printing and Engines, 854 60 3 Bakeries and Engines, 180 40 3 Ship Yards and Engines, 125 00 8 Buildings and Engines, 1,013 87 Amount carried forward. ^294,254 94 38 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Amount hrought forward, ^294,254 94 26 Engines, 1,261 40 1 Aquarial Garden, . . . 65 00 1 Laundry, . . . . . . 25 00 1 Pottery 35 00 3 Armories, ...... 55 50 1 G-ymnasium, ..... 24 50 29 Fountains, 162 50 663 Hose, 2,020 00 2 Gas Light Companies, 815 15 1 Mill Dam Company, .... 300 00 1 State House, 134 50 1 Massachusetts State Prison, . 817 74 1 McLean Asylum, .... 205 00 1 Marine Hospital, .... 189 00 3 Ferry Companies, .... 2,393 68 39 Steamboats, 5,523 92 3 Kailroad Companies, 760 00 1 House, (Vine St., City), 7 00 2 Offices, (Niles Block), . , . 42 00 1 Office, (City Scales), .... 9 00 6 Fire Alarm Motors, 65 00 20 Engines, Hoses, & Hook & Ladder Houses 365 00 266 Public Schools, . . . . 1,836 00 8 Police Stations, 447 00 2 City Stables, 112 50 1 Offal Station, 150 00 1 Steamer, Henry Morrison, 192 56 1 Court House, ..... 250 00 1 Probate Building, .... 40 00 1 Dead House, ..... 10 00 1 House of Correction, 462 00 1 Jail for Suffolk County, 243 00 1 Lunatic Hospital, .... 225 00 1 Public Library, 50 00 Amount carried forward, g; 313,548 89 EEPORT OF THE WATEE BOARD. 39 Amount brought farivard, g; 313,548 89 1 Faneuil Hall, . . . . 40 00 1 City Hall, 50 00 1 City Building, .... 37 50 Common Sewer Dept., (making mortar), 75 00 Urinals, &c., F. H. Market, 70 00 Contractors for Supplying Shipping, 3,709 25 Street Sprinkling, .... 410 00 Skating Purposes, .... 75 00 Building Purposes, .... 1,374 33 Filling Tanks, (Navy Yard), 250 00 Custom House, .... 156 00 Measured Water, .... 27,342 78 ^347,138 75 40 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 9. Statement shoioing the Number and Sizes of Water Metres noiv in use, and wJiere applied, to January 1, 1862. Eevere House Parker House . American House . Adams House . Coolidge House . Marlboro' House Tremont House United States Hotel Winthrop House . Bromfield House City Hotel . Sailors' Home . Mariners' House . Pearl Street House Boston Hotel Young's Hotel . New England House Hotel de Pelham I. Adams (boarding bouse) Boston Sugar Eefinery Soutb Boston Sugar Eefinery Boston and Worcester Eailroad Company Boston and Maine Eailroad Company Old Colony Eailroad Company . ritcbburg Eailroad Company Eastern Eailroad Company South Boston Gras Company . East Boston G-as Company . Norway Iron Company, wire manufactory J. Trull & Co., distilleiy . J. M. Barnard, distillery S. Bowman, distillery Bay State Eolling JVIill . Hodges & Sillsbee, distillery Henry N. Hooper & Co., foundry Lutber Felton, distillery . Amounts carried forward, Sizes of Meters. finch 1 inch '2 inch I 14 48 3 inch REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 41 finch 1 inch 2 inch 3 inch Amounts brought forward, . u 48 3 1 Henry Souther, brewery .... Oriental Oil Company William Carleton, lamp manufactory . 3 Millitt & Smith, sugar house Boston Crystal Glass Company, glass manufactory. 1 Boston Gasometer (Charles Street) . Dexter, Lambert & Co., tassel factory . Sanborn, Kichardson & Co., pipe manufactory. 1 Grover, Baker & Co., sewing machines 2 Lee, Woodman & Co., oil mill 1 2 Graves & Hoyt, distillery . . 1 1 Cunard Steamship Company . 1 J. H. Hazleton, paper manufactory . 1 Chelsea Ferry Company 1 East Boston Ferry Company . 1 Chickering & Sons, piano manufactory 3 Mount Washington Glass Works, glass r aanuf. 1 American Grist Mill .... 1 W. K. Lewis, pickle manufactory W, H. Davis, pickle manufactory . J. B. Hamblen, pickle manufactory . . Stephen Jenny, distillery Stephen Jenny, oil factory . Ambrose Louis, chemicals W. D. Philbrick, chemicals Shawmut Oil Company . Downer Kerosene Oil Company . , 1 Henry Howland, distillery . 1 John Felton, distillery . 1 Ketridge & Co., turpentine factory 30 1 66 Total 5 3 42 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. The following table exhibits the yearly revenue received from the sales of Cochituate water, since its introduction into the city, October 25, 1848: — om Octobc 3r 25, 1848, to Janu ary 1, 1850 . . $ 72,043 20 " January 1, 1850, " ' 1851 98,367 90 1851, •' 1852 . . 161,299 72 1852, " 1853 179,486 25 1853, " 1854 . . 196,352 32 1854, " 1855 217,007 51 1855, " 1856 . . 266,302 77 1856, " 1857 282,651 84 1857, " 1858 . . 289,328 83 1858, " 1859 • . 302,409 73 1859, " 1860 . . 314,808 97 1860, " 1861 334,544 86 1861, " 1862 . . 365,323 46 $3,079,927 36 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOAED. 43 Statement showing the Number and Kind of Water Fixtures contained within the Premises of Water-takers in the City of Boston, to January 1, 1862, as compared with 1853. 1853 1861 3,968 4,680 Taps ; these have no connection with any sewer. 19,287 34,503 Sinks. 3,149 12,046 Wash-hand basins. 1,838 6,373 Bathing-tubs. 1,622 4,831 Pan water-closets. 698 6,373 Hopper water-closets. 159 256 Self-acting water-closets. 218 1,383 Urinals. 476 3,868 Wash tubs. These are permanently attached to the building. 14 13 Shower-baths. These are in houses where there is no tub. 9 10 Hydraulic rams. 312 709 Private hydrants. 171 Stop-hoppers. 31,750 75,216 Total. Respectfully submitted. WILLIAM F. DAVIS, ^Yater Registrar, CITY ENGINEER'S REPORT. Office of City Engineer, Boston, January, 1862. Ebenezer Johnson, Esq., PresH of the Cocliituate Water Board: Sir : I submit the following Eeport of matters connected with the Water Works : — LAKE COCHITUATE. High-water mark in the lake is ten feet ahove Knight's old flume. On the first of January, 1861, the water in the lake stood at eight feet four inches ahove the flume. It kept gradually rising until the middle of February, when it stood at extreme high- water mark, — that being as high as the water ever was in the lake. It stood at this height one week, after which it fell down to nine feet nine inches. On the ninth of March it again rose to ten feet above the flume, and from this time until the twelfth of May it stood clear up to high-water mark in the lake with the exception of only eight days ; and in those eight days it was at no time more than four inches below high-water mark. Since the twelfth of May the water in the lake has been grad- ually falling, and on the first of January, 1862, it had fallen seven feet eleven inches below high-w&ter mark, leaving only two feet and one inch depth of water in the lake above Zow-water mark. The daily average quantity of water brought to the city during EEPOET OF THE WATER BOAED. 45 tlie past year has been 951,000 gallons over and above the daily average quantity of water brought in in 1860. It will be seen by the above statement that in the early part of the year there was an ample quantity of water in the lake, owing to the fact that large quantities of rain and snow fell in the latter part of 1860 and early in 1861. The lake being full, and the falls of rain and snow being heavy, made it necessary to allow the surplus amount of water to waste from the lake into Sudbury Eiver, The amounts thus wasted were, in January 40,277,184 gallons. February 1,129,034,368 " March 623,304,033 " April 1,197,621,508 " May 373,844,763 " June 12,587,070 " July 890,040 " Total amount wasted . . 3,377,558,966 gallons. Making an average daily waste for each of the three hundred and sixty-five days in the year of 9,253,586 gallons, nearly all of which we might now have on hand had we any place to store it in. The amounts shown above as having been wasted in July, June, and about ten millions of gallons of the amount in May, were lost because of leakages through the dam. It will be seen by this, and by reference to previous reports, that there is a much larger amount of water falling at and around the lake, taking one year with another, than the lake can hold ; and I now renew my advice given some years since, that the lake should be raised at least two more feet in height. Had it been raised four feet, as suggested by the City Engineer, at the time when it was raised but two feet, we should now have two feet more water in depth in the lake, and consequently should not now be short of water, nor should we be menaced with the danger of portions of the city suffering for the want of it, should the winter be a severe one. 46 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. As the consumption of water increases very fast, and as tlie lake supply will very soon all be used in the city, I most respect- fully suggest that no time he lost in having the necessary sur- veys made to determine a new source of supply for the city, as recommended by the Mayor in his Inaugural Address of the present year. EEPORT or THE WATEE BOARD. 47 05 rH 'jH CO (^5 ■* CI tfi C3 CC CD <M -* CD CO ■*! o CO CO o CD lO c< b- CD o t-; CO lO 00 Ci 00 CO !>■ o CC C0__ 1— 1 CD ^ CO 1— t- J— t- c^ CO b- '^ CD crT CD o o - lO IC CC CO Gi t- OS cc o b- GO 00 00 -^ 1- CD o: CO cq o o CD C3 r- o d t-^ c; t> oc CO a b- CC It: co" <M (M 1—1 '"' '"' 1—1 '"' ■"^ 1—1 O c o o c g c c o o o c o O c c o o c c o c c o o o o ■ o c o c c c c o c c c o CD (M c> T— < o CC c- b- l> oc C>:i 1— CO 00 CD o c iM c- CC CO Ci m CC CD ir. CO i-H 00 c; ^ CD t> CC Cv c< c: cr. QC 05 l~- oc la w -* l> 1> c. 1— i CD CD c. iC c c c c c o O C c C c c o c c c c o o o c c C c o C5 c c o c c o C C o c o o lO (> o- o c (M c- c- -+ c- CC IT CC icT 00 CD oc CD c co 1 — o cc O-l r- oc t- ■—1 IC t> '^ tr- CC CD C<1 t- oc c t- >r -i '^ -* ee - - CC c< c< 0< (?^ -* CO c c o ^ o c o o o o o o o c c c <^ o c o o o o o o o CO c c c o q^ c o c O CD O O 1 O 1 lO c cr 'i- »r; CC t> " l-T 1— ic c- CO ko ^^ OO CD o- IC CC C5 CD 1?^ -* •^ CD -* t- 1 -* 1 1—1 CC 1— ^ -* CC CD T- 1> c- ■"1. "^ CO c< ^ 1— CC ^" c cc CC 0< iM i?j" co" c<r c ooooooooooc ^ OOOOOOOOOOOC: (^ b- o^oo^o^oo^o o o o c o lO c- " lo" i-T ^ -* ^ 1-1 t^ O '^ C-1 1- cd' CO CC t~ ■* IT 1-1 O lO t- CO CD l^ -i C<1 r-4 O r-4 C5 -d- ^ IT ^ lO O O 00 CO Cv b- IT ^ CO (M C<l c^ CO CO C^ O rt r- of 1- 1- "■ " " '" ^~ *" ■" OOOOOOOOOOOC > o c o o c OOOOOOOC 3 O CD c o^oo_o_ooo__o^o^o c >_ CD o c^ "r-T-* O CO CO~t-^-*~C<ri-H'i-r^ ^ 00 OO CDOOOt-0<JCDOC<)OCia ) ^ .—1 O I- lOCOCOiMi— ICDIOOOCDC^ I CD c^ (MC^OOi— ICOCqi— It— li— lo- r c^f OOOOOOOOOOOC > o OOOOOOOOOOOC > o lO t^OOCDOCO'*<CDOOCOCv)(NO^ I CO o Cv C5lOOCO-*CDOOi-lCOt~- r cD~ 00 0-^<M^OCOlOlMi-lt^aDC > -*l 1—1 t-COi— llOi— ICiOi— Ib-t^COcr 5 CO oioOCOCiOii— Ir-li— lOOi- o 1—1 tH OOOOOOOOOOOC > o OOOOOOOOOOOC > o '^ '^'^'~I.''^'^'^*J,'~' "* ^o <^' ^ I o lO io^iM'~co"io~io~co"cooCcro"t> " of 00 OlOCOCOCO-*T-liM,-|r£>cOC- J o *— ( CD_ CD lO_ t- CDt-cDOt~t~Oir 5_ C3_ o ooi GOO 1-H o'o'cTco'cc^c r oT 1-< 1—1 T— 1 I— 1 1— < ■" s (U 03 >-. tTK K t- c t ^ 1 ; ^ O ^ "> ^ I ^ ' c c ) a CD S 1— c I i ■ 1 ^ 1 5 ^ 5 H s < i 1 ! 1 i 1 1 1 J c be 48 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. <§ s ■§ 00 I ^ 5* GO CO "^ r^. LO N Oi Oi Ci a O! M cc 00 CO ^^ CO 00 00 ,— , ,_, m •*| 00 Tt< -*! i^ CO ,-H ffl ca CO Oi CR < j^ at «2 ^H 00 O! ^ i^ Cfc 00 C3 a fs. 3 ^2 10 ^ CO «5 0-. w rH 'v^ ^ CO CO N ^ 3 rH Ci => OS ffl O O O O -O "-I 1-1 oi cri o O --I CO CO 00 M 00 o CO co' N 00 o CO 00 ,-1 ,-1 rH rt O ^0*(NOOi>-T^00 COCOCOCOINO^CO ,-IT-lT-l,-l.-lOOr-lT-l ocoOTjHOiOioooor^co OOlOI^CQOrtHCO^^OCOCS rH CO in ^ o lO -*i O CO O ^ C5 —< CO 00 00 T-i «5 (N «j CO OJ CO CO •0 J>- g g O! 00 g 01 CO OJ 2 S CO s (N CO 0^ c5 CO OJ C9 ?; § 8g IN, CO -0 g s? g s s s s o") g s § i CO |! (OJ CO OJ CO !N CO O! 0( a ■5 ^ 00 ^ S ^ ?5 § CO t^ g 10 p & 00 1 s O! s ^ 33 ^ 1 ^ OJ CO Oi CO s s l^ tH g s> ■■0 •*■ Oi CO s ?! ^ s OJ S3 1— [ IN C-< g s s ^ -+I 0( ^ t^ g Ci •* «5 ;:3 CO g § § s ;:l s CO i (N ^ S g S CO i 1 i s !i 0^0 ^ P >< s -r a ■g M g ;-■ >, ^ g ,fl "S =ii ■^ a -M ^ s CD ■^ > OJ be a -M br d 1 S 5 ^ 9 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 49 Loss of Head from the Brookline Reservoir to Beacon Hill and East Boston Reservoirs. The effect of increased consumption of water in the city may be seen hy reference to the table in this and previous reports of average annual heights of water in the reservoirs. A synopsis is given in the following table. YEAK. 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 Average annual heig-hts of Water above Marsh Level in Brookline Keservoir. 123.16 123.36 123.67 122.86 123.65 123.82 123.66 124.11 124.63 124,07 123.29 123.52 Beacon Hill Reservoir. 119.04 119.39 116.60 114.89 115.69 117.79 116.15 114.77 116.00 115.24 117.13 116.98 East Boston Reservoir. 105.06 104.07 104.91 99.84 97.49 94.11 94.18 94.42 94.05 96.01 96.05 a ^ 2 i c3 o O " § s ■"So DG O ^^ , o tj 3 hj M a 4.12 3.97 7.07 7.97 7.96 6.03 7.51 9.34 8.63 8.83 6.16 6.54 § 2 § iJ pq pq 18.30 19.60 17.95 23.81 26.33 29.55 29.93 30,21 30.02 27.28 27.47 # 50 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 9. Monthly Fall of Rain in Inches, in 1861. MONTH. January . . . February. . March April May June July August . . . ■ September . October. • . November. December . Totals PLACES AND OBSEKVEES. 2.51 3.81 2-75 6.44 3.12 2.64 1.62 7.79 2.76 3.20 6.20 2.60 46.44 cS >. .Q fl fM O 1-5 O pq 6. 04 8. 57 7 48 5 89 2 97 3 64 2 76 6 1 04 1 77 2 66 4 90 2 1 35 60 07 g-3 5.01 2.89 4.67 4.52 4.07 1.84 2.98 5.12 2.11 3.67 4.57 1.87 cs 3 o o 1-1 h3 5.15 2.53 4.57 4.39 4.06 1.94 3.09 4.77 2.04 3.79 3.62 3.00 43.32 42.95 2 if o 8.93 2.79 6.56 5.89 3.19 2.56 3.59 5.57 1.77 2.68 3.. SO 3.31 50.14 Note. — Melted snow is, as usual, included in the above amounts of rainfall. REPORT or THE WATER BOARD. 51 Conduit. By a comparison of the folloAving table of heights of water in the conduit with the similiar table in last year's report, it will be seen that there has been a much greater number of days this year during which there has been a large head of water on the conduit. The table shows the different heights at Avhich the water has been running, and the number of days in each month at the dif- ferent heights. The height of the conduit is six feet four inches : -r- HEIGHTS IN FEET AND INCHES. These heights show a head on the Conduit. 0.0 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.10 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.6 9.0 NUMBER or DAYS IN EACH MONTH. 3 3 27 30 23 20 16 7 18 4 4 1 4 3 1 7 5 5 29 9 July 2 1 21 30 5 September October 4 13 4 11 8 19 27 1 10 11 8 2 2 8 11 117 77 72 4 5 4 17 7 3 It will be seen by this table, that the conduit has been empty only four days during the year. It has been just full eleven 52 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. days ; less than full twenty-nine days; and for 321 days it has been running with a head on it, varying from two inches to two feet eight inches. Eespectfully submitted. JAMES SLADE, City Engineer. PUBLIC LIBRARY or TBB CITY OF BOSTON ABBREVIATED RECULATIONS. One volume can be taken at a time from the Lower Hall, and one from the Bates Hall. Books can be kept out 14 days. A fine of 2 cents for each volume will be incurred for each day a book is detained more than 14 days. Any book detained more than a week be- yond the time limited, will be sent for at the expense of the delinquent. No book is to be lent out of the household of the borrower. The Library hours for the delivery and re- turn of books are from 10 o'clock, A. M., to 8 o'clock, P. M., in the Lower Hall ; and from 10 o'clock, A. M., untU one half hour before sunset in the Bates Hall. Every book must, under penalty of one dol- lar, be returned to the Library at such time in August as shaU be publicly announced. The card must be presented whenever a book is returned. For renewing a book the card must be presented, together with the book, or with the shelf-numbers of the book.