BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 9999 06317 111 8 I Zj^Z^Ic-'f^IlM^. Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive in 2010 witii funding from • Boston Public Library http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofco1864bost City Document, — No. 20. mw^n ®IF iB®^^®sr^ REPORT COCHITUATE WATER BOARD CITY COUNCIL OF BOSTON, FOR THE YEAR 1864. CITY OF BOSTON, In Common Council, January 5, 1865. Ordered : That the Cochltuate Water Board be authorized to make their Annual Report in print. Sent up for concurrence. WM. B. FOWLE, Jr., President. In Board of Aldermen, January 9, 1865. Concurred. G. W. MESSINGER, Chairman. Approved January 10, 1865. F. W. LINCOLN, Jr., Mayor. , \ REPORT. Office of the Cochituate Water Board, Boston, January 15, 1865. To THE City Council : — The Cochituate "Water Board respectfully submit their Annual Report for the year 1864, together with those of the Clerk of the Board, the Superintendents, City Engineer, and Water Regis- trar, to which they would refer you for the more minute details of the several departments. The Works are divided into two divisions, the Western and Eastern ; the former embracing that portion of the line from the Lake to the Brookline Reservoir, and is under the superin- tendence of Mr. E. F. Knowlton, who resides at the Lake ; and the latter embracing that portion of the line East of the Brookline Reservoir, including all the works in the city, and is under the superintendence of Mr. E. R. Jones. ( western division. During the last year there have been sold several tracts of land near the Lake, and distributed along the line of the conduit, which were of no use to the city, while the taxes on the same were a burden, without any equivalent ; these lots embraced about 43 acres, and were sold at prices varying from $40 to per acre, the sum total received being $3,596.24. Q, CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. At the Lake, there has been laid during the year some fifteen hundred feet of slope wall to protect the banks from washing awaj, and above this wall the banks have been sloped and sodded ; there has also been erected a filtering dam, which has proved very satisfactory to filter the water of Pegan Brook, which passes through the village of Natick and empties its waters into the Lake. During the year the water has been shut off from the conduit four times, in order that it might be examined, cleaned, and re- paired. During such time it was visited by members of the Board, and we regret that we cannot report favorably as to its present condition ; several cracks were discovered and repaired as well as could be during the short time the water could remain shut off, but the entire conduit requires a thorough examination, cleaning, and repairing, which cannot be done effectually until a new reservoir is completed ; as we have at present no means of supplying the city during such repair, which would take several days if not weeks to complete. We cannot but feel gratified that such active steps have al- ready been taken by the city in regard to the construction of a new reservoir, covering an area of 100 acres, the land for which the sum of $50,000 has been already appropriated, and applica- tion made to the Legislature for an Act to enable the same to be constructed ; and we feel that we cannot press the importance of the undertaking too forcibly upon the City Council ; for in our opinion it is of vital consequence, for the safety of the entire line of the conduit from the Lake to the Brookline Keservoir, that it should be completed in the shortest possible time, and we earnestly request that you will give the subject your early at- tention. The water at the Lake was at its highest point on June 3, when it reached fourteen feet above the bottom of the conduit, but from that time it gradually fell oiF until December 26, when it was but four feet ten inches above the bottom and one foot six inches below the top of the conduit. During the latter part KEPOKT OF THE WATER BOARD." 7 of November and the first of December the water in the Lake was falling so rapidly that the Board had under consideration, and was making investigations, as to the best artificial means to be adopted for raising the water to a sufficient height to flow into the conduit ; but before any method was decided upon, the water began to rise and has continued to gain, and they were relieved from this serious subject. It gives us great pleasure to be able to report that all out- standing claims of every description, which the Board have any knowledge of, have been satisfactorily adjusted.* EASTERN DIVISION. Ever since 1859, when the new 40-inch main was laid over the Milldam, there has been an unsettled question as to the right of the city to maintain this pipe ; for several years petitions have been made to the Legislature for an Act to enable the city to hold the same, but parties adverse to our interest have been able to defeat us or postpone the subject until this year, and we are now able to report that the matter has been settled and the right given for the city to maintain the same forever ; there will now be no question about our being able to supply the Back Bay lands, which might have arisen, had we been com- pelled to remove this pipe. The fender, which protects the main pipe that supplies East Boston as it passes under the Warren Bridge, having been broken away, has been thoroughly repaired, in such a manner that we believe it will last for many years. All the pipes and works in the city are in good condition, and there have been fewer leaks than usual, the only one of any * Dug Pond. — In our last Annual Report we stated that we had been unable to eifect a settlement for a perpetual right to divert the waters of Broad Brook on the east side of this Pond, since which time we have accomplished the object, and secured the right forever, by the payment of the sum of five hundred dollars. 8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. consequence being the breakage of one of the large gates on Tremont Street near Dover ; this was so well managed by the Superintendent, that no one was interrupted in their supply of water, although the old gate was removed and a new one sub- stituted. During the past year 6,634 feet of new pipe have been laid, making a total to January 1, 1865, of 136 miles 3,497 feet. WASTE OF WATER. This subject, which has been brought to the notice of the City Council in the Annual Eeports of this Board for many years, has been and will continue to be a source of great anxiety, and one that will require active measures to prevent. The last two months the Lake was at such a low point that the Board believed it to be their imperative duty to use every means in their power to put a stop to the enormous waste which they felt sure was taking place, and they commenced by issuing a Circular to the citizens, calling their attention to the fact ; this had a very good and marked effect, but still a great waste con- tinued, and as the Lake was still falling a second notice was issued, and persons having hand hose were requested to dis- continue its use, and it was also decided to employ a suitable number of persons to examine all the water fixtures throughout the city and to report each day at the office any waste that might be discovered, and also all leaks ; this was immediately carried out by the Water Registrar, and the result has proved, that nearly one half of the water that has been brought into the city has been wasted; for the first ten days, which included about one third of the city, there were reported 531 cases where water was running to waste, and 1,353 cases where the fixtures were out of order and water was leaking on that account. We have no doubts whatever but that the supply of water is ample for years to come if used in a liberal but proper manner. The active measures which the Board has adopted have al- ready greatly reduced the consumption, or we should say waste EEPOET OF THE WATER BOAED. 9 of water, and our reservoirs are now nearly full. According to the estimate of the Engineer, the average amount of water brought into the city daily is 16,681,000 gallons ; to bring this enormous quantity we have been obliged to run our conduit to its utmost capacity, and thereby endangering the Works ; and as we know that a large part of this is wasted, we shall continue to use every* means in our power to find out and prevent the same. METERS. Each year we are adding to the number of meters ; at the present time we have 312 in use, and 35 are ordered but not yet received ; nothing but their great cost prevents our applying them to all consumers, as it is the only sure way to prevent a continual waste, as consumers give their fixtures more attention when they are paying for any leakage. COST OF THE WORKS. Amount paid by the Commissioners, and by the Water Board from the time the Works came under the control of the latter $6,001,676 68 Sundry payments by the city, $73,025 82 Interest on loans, 4,472,453 31 4,545,479 13 • $10,551,155 81 Amount paid the City Treas- urer by the Commissioners and Water Board, $184,513 98 Sundry credits by the city, 66,384 36 Amount received for Water Eates, , 4,279,067 25 $4,529,965 59 Total cost of the Works, January 1, 1865, $6,021,190 22 10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Making the cost of the Works $112,617.59 more than it was on January 1, 1864. EECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. There has been received from the Treasury during the year, ..... $85,817 66 Of this amount there is charged to the extension of the Works, 48,000 59 Amount of current expenses, $37,817 07 It will thus be seen that the amount drawn from the Treasury is $12,727.98 less than last year, although the current expenses are $4,884.76 more than last year, the difference being more tlian made up by the falling off in the expense of the extension of the Works. The total number of water-takers entered for 1865 is 27,046, being an increase over last year of 465. The total amount received for the year 1864 for water-rates was $431,986.76, being an increase over the previous year of $36,204.51. The estimated amount of receipts for the year 1865 is $450,000. All of which is respectfully submitted. EBENEZER JOHNSON, President. GEORGE DENNIE, L. MILES STANDISH, NATHANIEL J. BRADLEE, ALEXANDER WADSWORTH, JONAS FITCH, JOHN H. THORNDIKE. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. Statement of Expenditures made by the Cochituate Water Board, from December 31, 1863, to January 1, 1865. Wages laying service pipe " " main " " Blacksmith shop ' ' Plumbino; ' ' " Proving yard Repairing hydrants " streets " service pipe " stop-cocks " main pipe Main pipe Service pipe Lake Aqueduct repairs Stable . Brookline Reservoir East Boston Reservoir South " " Beacon Hill '* Miscellaneous expense, annual visit of the City Government to the Lake, expenses of the Board, binding Reports, &c. . . . . Amount carried forward, 13,544 50 4,007 98 1,085 79 719 93 2,625 02 1,717 02 2,365 32 3,190 94 460 79 1,433 22 11,179 26 10,855 69 4,001 14 1,069 67 986 45 648 29 415 12 464 15 596 80 2,071 04 $53,438 12 12 CITY DOCUMENT, — No. 20. Amount brought forward, $53,438 12 Stop-cocks . ' 1,778 05 Proving yard, for stock, &c. . • 1,479 76 Hydrant and stop-cock boxes . 2,600 31 Off and on water . . 3,636 75 Hydrants .... . 1,540 26 Taxes ..... . 1,051 37 Salaries, (including Clerks and Inspectors in the Water Registrar's Office,) . 8,981 22 Meters .... . 6,412 75 Travelling expenses . 217 50 Carting .... . 147 49 Fountains . 124 18 Office expense . 96 00 Printing, (including Water Registrar's and Superin- tendent's) . . 740 02 Maintaining meters . 811 29 Tolls and ferriages . . . 147 03 Blacksmith shop, for stock, &c. . 414 08 Postage and express . . 20 87 Tools .... . . 278 09 Laying main pipe, (for stock, &c •) • • . 790 12 Oil . 138 10 Stationery, (including stationery for Water Re gis- trar and Superintendents,) . . 323 67 Plumbing shop, for stock, &c. . 15 00 Laying service pipe . . 4 10 Damage .... . 15 99 Watching Water Works / • 615 54 $85,817 66 • EEPORT or THE WATER BOARD. 13 Amount brought forward^ 185,817 QQ CASH PAID CITY TREASURER. Eeceived for rent of Arches under Beacon Hill Eeser- voir $300 00 Eeceived for land sold . . . 3,596 24 " pipe, laying, &c. . 5,838 41 " " mortgages sold . . 4,461 60 " " pasture and grass . . 47 00 Eeceived for off and on water for non- payment . . . $1,276 00 Eeceived for fines and waste . 1,601 00 " repairs . . 1,185 75 4,062 75 Less this amount paid City Treasurer . . . 1,276 00 2,786 75 17,030 00 Balance . . . . . $68,787 QQ Amount of expenditures . . . $85,81766 EXTENSION OF THE WORKS. Wages laying main pipe . . $ 4,007 98 " " service pipe • . 3,544 50 " " blacksmith shop . 600 00 " " plumbing . . . 500 00 " " proving yard . . 1,400 00 Main pipe 11,179 25 Service pipe .... 10,855 69 Laying main pipe . . . . 790 12 Laying service pipe ... 4 10 Blacksmith shop .... 250 00 Amounts carried forward, $33,131 64 85,817 QQ 14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Amounts hr ought forward, Plumbing shop Hydrant and stop-cock boxes . Stable .... Oil Hydrants Stop-cocks Carting . . . . Tolls and ferriage Tools Proving yard . ... Meters .... Lake .... Amount of annual expense $33,131 64 85,817 QQ 15 00 1,900 00 380 00 85 00 . 1,540 26 1,778 05 75 00 75 00 . 200 00 700 00 6,412 75 1,707 89 48,000 59 $37,817 07 Expenditures and Receipts on Account of the Water Works , to January 1, 1865. ount drawn by Commissioners $4,043,718 21 Water Board, 1850, 366,163 89 ' 1851, 141,309 23 ' 1852, 89,654 20 ' 1853, 89,854 03 ' 1854, 80,182 35 ' 1855, 63,866 33 ' 1856, 81,429 35 1857, 96,931 25 ' 1858, 1859, ' 1860, ' 1861, 1862, ' 1863, ' 1864, 76,006 01 385,652 47 146,304 55 73,977 29 86,264 22 98,545 64 85,817 66 $6,005,676 68 EEPORT OF THE WATEE BOAED. 15 Amount brought forward, 16,005,676 68 Amount paid the City Treasurer by the Coi umlssioners . $47,648 38 Am't paid by Water Board 1850, 8,153 52 C( 1851, 5,232 38 (( 1852, 15,869 12 il 1853, 4,621 40 ii 1854, 12,423 29 il 1855, 9,990 38 a 1856, 7,840 43 i i 1857, 13,750 00 a 1858, 9,200 00 i i 1859, 5,554 00 a 1860, 3,287 51 ti 1861, 10,618 11 (< 1862, 3,295 00 ( ( 1863, 10,000 46 a 1864, 17,030 00 184,513 98 $ 5,821,162 70 Sundry payments by the city, ^ 73,025 82 Interest on loans, 4,472,453 31 4,545,479 13 1 0,366,641 83 Sundry credits by the city . 66,384 36 Amount received for water-rates (as per City Treasurer's ac- count) . . . 4,279,067 25 4,345,451 61 $6,021,190 22 SAMUEL^. DYER, Clerk Cochituate Water Board. REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OE THE EAST- ERN DIVISION. Boston, January 4, 1865. Ebenezer Johnson, Esq., Pres. Cochituaie Water Board: — Sir : I beg leave to submit this, my Annual Report. I believe the works under my charge to be in as good condition as in any year heretofore. The whole number of feet of main pipe laid the past year is 6,634, being but about one half that of the year previous. This small amount, as you are aware, is owing to the fact of so few buildings having been erected on new lands. The number of men employed in this part of our work during the year, has been less than one half; yet the cost of all material has been more than double that of former years. In addition to the main pipe laid, I have raised, to correspond with the present grade of the streets, six hundred and twelve feet of pipe on Brookline Street, one hundred and fifty-six feet on Fifth Street, six hundred and seventy feet on Pembroke Street, and two hundred and five feet on Paris Street. I would here observe that there are eighteen other streets, or parts there- of, where the mains are in the same condition as these were before they were raised, and I recommend that they should be raised. The mains were originally laid at a proper depth, but the grade of the streets have been altered by the city so much, that, in some cases, they are six feet below our usual grade. The expense of raising has been borne by this Department, and it is a question with me, which I leave for your consideration, which Department it should be charged to. EEPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 17 The whole number of service pipes put in during the year is four hundred and twenty- four ; length, fourteen thousand and one hundred and forty-two, being seventy-one in number, and about six thousand in feet, less than last year. There has been no leak In the forty-inch main the past year, and the most in large pipes have been in the thirty-inch and thirty-six inch on Tremont Street. The large mains have been shut off only three times during the year ; twice on Tremont Street and once on Washington Street. On the sixteenth of November a leak was reported at the corner of Dover and Tremont streets, which proved to arise from the breaking of the flange from the body of one of the thirty-six inch gates. This was temporarily repaired at the time, and on the Saturday night following the gate was taken out and replaced by another. The injured gate was taken to the yard for inspection, and a crack, three feet in. length, was found in the body, held together only by the clamps. It was deemed advisable to break it up. By direction of the Board, I have ordered drawings to be made for one of an improved pattern, which will soon be ready for inspection. All the hydrants are now made in the workshop of the De- partment, and of a size to correspond with the requirements of the steam engines of the Fire Department. A good part of the original hydrants were so defective in their construction that I have not considered it economy to repair them, and when taken out are replaced by new ones and are condemned. This makes this part of my Department more expensive that that of former years. Those hydrants that will admit of repairs, I propose, this year, to insert nipples sufficiently large to make them equal in size to the new ones. I think that all that are now in can be increased this way to nearly the requisite size, but the cost will be so great that I cannot do It without the sanction of the Board. The reservoirs have had the usual attention this year. The Beacon Hill Is tight, the South Boston shows no sign of leakage, and the East Boston shows about the same as formerly. 3 18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. The subject of accretions in the iron mains has been under consideration many years. In 1858, a line of twenty-inch pipes, coated with bitumen as an experiment, was laid under Dover Street Bridge. As soon as the height of water in South Boston Reservoir will admit, I propose to open these pipes for the inspection of the Board. • Statement of Location, Size, and Number of Feet of Pipe laid in 1864. In what Sti-eet. Between what Streets. Diameter of pipe in inches. Feet of pipe. Berkley. Albany . Newton Canton , Clarendon St. James Eutland Square. Montgomery.. .. Chestnut , Warren Avenue . Brookline Harrison Avenue Concord Square. Unknown street Lawrence Albany Various streets . Broadway Dorchester Avenue Dove Quincy Maverick. Condor . . Marginal. BOSTON PROPER. Appleton /ind Lawrence Sharon and Plympton Total 12 inches in Boston West of Tremont Appleton street and Columbus Avenue Berkley and Clarendon West of Tremont Canton and Dedham Messenger and Otter Dedham and Canton West of Tremont Total 6 inches in Boston For Hinckley, Will'ams, & Co West of Tremont Messenger and Otter .■ Berkley and Clarendon For City Swill House Connections with Fire Reservoirs Total 4 inches in Boston SOUTH BOSTON. MandO For Norway Iron Works Dorchester and F C and D Total 4 inches in South Boston .... EAST BOSTON. McKay & Aldus's Shipyard Brooks and Putnam CHELSEA. North of Meridian Street Bridge 19 921 940 52 171 5?2 178 72 368 261 120 325 2,119 288 306 400 682 206 1.35 1,917 670 142 264 90 496 547 20 25 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 19 KEOAPITULATIOK 1864. Diameter in inches. Section. 36 12 8 6 4 ^ . ^ ( 940 1 1 2,119 8 570 20 1,917 19 Boston Proper... J / Total number of feet laid 49(3 South Boston.... j East Boston | Total number of feet laid 547 ^^ , < 25 Chelsea J 1 940 1 1 2,709 8 2 9'^5 20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. s as ^ ^ i SI •55 ^ I <u f«« I OJ .CD ""^ t^ bo ^ 02c<! a •» r^ -►^ "^^..-^ tH r* ^H CO CO bl lo ce -rt be t^ CO O i-H QO O o to ■* t^ o to < M • * M •^ CO N <o ■*_ o iffl ■*" : o 00 CN . »H ■* O lO 00 M rH : ^ 1 ^ o 1 CO O lO C-* Ca o^ GO ^ CO CO, ■* O T- 1 . TJH_ CO^ IV 00 o oT co" « Ol to Ci C! CO ! s '* 00 ^" 00 I CO t:Hio 00.-1 oco o>^ 1 00 rt cq Or-H coco JON «5 .*< IV O) O r-t CI 1— ( ^ 00 to W3 ^ CI a fl S o» '' CO CO 04 (M CS r-l N rt « CO o ; "i to a t— 1 to" tC S I-l "i ; "* 1 <N to IV .-1 O ' rs. C* T-l S o CO a r "^ o §; a oi c^ o CO o Iv T-H fl ■* IM Iv ^ 00 c to CO o CT rj CO oo CO c- CO ^ to -*■ irt to o: tv to CO Ol o o. eo o t- ?3 M ■>*( QO * o -* (N ?f c p O >H P a c rt o £ s =3 p, «► ,s o a c c £ o £ laid l-COC a c M 5 c c 5 f Pipe of Stop 3 o o O .a -.J d .s .3 1 g .a — Length o Number W o o P o fl o .3 o .9 9 p o p o 2 ft o -a cc a; 1» a) ^ <u CO o <M ft 'n P. tw p, tM p. o S O s O '^ o < S tH <(-i fe IlH s !(H CD H O v. X O .Q o ^ O ^ o a 1 a 3 CD 1^ 12; f-H "A p=. |Z3 ^ '(^i II KEPOET OF THE WATEE BOAED. 21 Statement of Service Pipes laid in 1864. Boston Proper. South Boston. East Boston, TotaL a a Number Length Number Length Number Length Number Length i of in of in of in of in as S Pipes. Feet. Pipes. Feet, Pipes. Feet. Pipes. Feet. 1| 1 22 1 19 2 41 1 8 308 2 86 3 85 13 479 1 6 670 2 92 8 762 1 149 5,547 60 2,613 46 1,320 255 9,480 i 59 1,392 67 1,361 20 627 146 3,380 Aggre 424 14,142 Maldng' the total number up to January 1, 1865 25,259 Repairs of Pipes during the Year 1864. DIAMETER OF PIPES IX INCHES. "^ * WHERE. 40 36 30 24 20 16 12 8 6 4 2 9 1 1 11 1^ 29 29 U 5 5 1 21 5 1 27 i 1 1 1 246 43 21 310 k 3 7 1 11 o 9 3 1 3 4 6 - 23 3 5 31 36 2 38 391 64 34 Totals 9 3 1 7 6 4SQ Of the leaks that have occurred in pipes of 4 inches and up- wards, 79 were on the joints, 8 by settling of the earth, 3 by- defective cocks, 2 by frost, 3 by defective pipes; total, 95. Of the leaks of 2 inches and in service pipes, 132 were caused by settling of earth, 29 stopped by rust, 1 eaten by rust, 44 22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. stopped bj fish, 57 by defective pipes, 16 stiff connections, 5 defective cocks, 1 by drain digger, 1 stopped by nails, 12 by defective joints, 22 by defective couplings, 27 by frost, 5 by boxing, 13 by being struck with picks, 3 by cocks blowing out, 7 by cocks being pulled out, 10 knawed by rats, 3 stopped by gravel, 3 by gasket, 2 by pile driving, 1 by drawbridge. Total, 394. Statement of the numher of Leaks, 1850-1864. DIAMETER OF Four inches and upwards. Less than four inches. Total. 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 186't 32 64 82 85 74 75 75 85 77 82 134 109 117 97 95 72 173 241 260 280 219 232 278 324 449 458 399 373 397 394 104 237 323 345 354 294 307 363 401 531 592 508 490 494 489 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 23 Hydrants. During the year twenty-eight new Hydrants have been estab- lished, as follows : Nineteen in the City proper, five in South Boston, three in East Boston, and one in Chelsea. Total number of Hydrants established up to January, 1865 983 322 In Boston proper South Boston East Boston Brookline Roxbury Charlestown Chelsea Total 191 3 12 11 1,530 Thirty-five Hydrants have been taken out and replaced by new or repaired ones, and fifty-nine boxes have been renewed. The Hydrants have had all the attention of former years paid them. FIRE RESERVOIES. The following Fire Reservoirs have been connected with the main pipes during the year : — Derne Street, corner of Temple Street. Somerset Street, opposite Allston Street. Walnut ( (( Chestnut " Chestnut ( a West Cedar Street. Irving ' ' corner of Cambridge ' ' Chambers ' i a Poplar *' Green ( ( ( Leverett, " Hancock ' ( (( Cambridge ' ' Blossom ' ' opposite McLean " 24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Auburn Street, corner of Livingston Street. opposite Spring " * ' Merrimac ' ' " the Schoolhouse. corner of Traverse Street. ' ' Salem ' ' Leverett Causeway- Hawkins Friend Cooper The stock and labor for the above connections, amounting to 1 1,855, is charged to the Fire Department. Sto'p-Cocks. Thirty new stop-cocks have been established this year, and fifty-one boxes over old ones have been renewed. All the cocks have been oiled and the usual attention paid them. EEPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 25 Statement of Pipes and other Stock on hand, exclusive of Tools, Jan- uary 1, 1865. NUMBEK OF DIAMETER IN INCHES. 40 36 30 24 20 16 12 6 4 3 2 Pipes . Blow-off Branches. Y. Brandies 3 Way Branches . . . 4 Way Branches . . . Flange Pipes Sleeves damp Sleeves Caps Keducers Bevel Hubs Curved Pipes Quarter Turns Double Hubs OflFset Pipes Yoke Pipes , Man-Hole Pipes . . . One eighth Turns . Pieces of Pipes Stop-Cocks 38 Hydrants. 7 new Lowell, 2 Wilmarth (old), 1 Lowell (old). For Hydrants. 25 bends, 36 lengtheners, 3 framesi, H covers, 65 plungers, 55 screws, 50 wastes, 73 nipples, 33 valve seats, 56 stuffing boxes, 2 goose-neck couplings, 4 hose couplings, 212 lbs. composition castings, 2,611 lbs. iron cast- ings, 32 lbs. iron castings for wharf hydrants, 24 comp. coup- lings for ditto, 4 wharf hydrants. 26 CITY DOCUMENT, — No. 20, For Stop-CocJcs. 3 36-inch screws, 1 30-mch ditto, 2 24- incli ditto, 1 16-inch ditto, 3 12-inch ditto, 17 6-inch ditto, 11 4-inch ditto, 6 4-inch unfinished ditto, 1 ditto for waste weir, 1 ditto for Brookline Reservoir, 3 12-inch plungers, 6 6-inch ditto, 6 4-inch ditto, 4 6-inch rings, 23 4-inch ditto, 2,447 lbs. Iron castings for 6-inch, 1,125 lbs. ditto for 4-inch. Meters. In the shop, 1 2-inch, 4 1-inch, 7 f-inch composi- tion, 6 1-inch iron, 6 f-inch ditto, and 6 -|-inch Scotch, in use, 1 4-inch, 4 3-inch, 15 2-inch, 120 1-inch, 159 |-inch. Besides the above there are 8 f-inch, 1 1-inch, 1 2-inch, and 2 4-inch meters belonging to private individuals, under the care of this department. StocJc for Meters. 249 lbs. composition castings^ 3 2-inch male couplings, 48 |-inch ditto, 23 1-inch female ditto, 30 1- inch nipples, 51 f-inch ditto, 13 f-inch connecting pieces, 6 1- inch ditto, 5 2-inch ditto, 4 2-inch nipples, 5 1-inch stop -cocks, 4f-inch ditto, 16 clocks, 20 glasses, 77 rubber nipples, 11 brass spindles, 10 feet leather hose, 10 iron bolts, 4 sheets straw board, 2 lbs. rubber packing, 8 platforms, 18 covers, 8 frames. For Service pipes . 9 1-inch union cocks, 28 f-inch ditto, 79 •|-inch ditto, 35 ^-inch ditto, 9 1-inch T cocks, 10 f-inch ditto, 4 f-inch ditto, 6 Y cocks, 5 air cocks, 31 straight f-inch cocks, 6 2i-inch connection couplings, 12 1^-inch ditto, 43 1-inch ditto, 50 1-inch ditto, 110 |-inch ditto, 18 i^inch ditto, 173 f-inch female couplings, 150 |-inch ditto, 8 2-inch flanges, 8 1-inch ditto, 25 1-inch ditto, 8 f-inch unfinished union cocks, 102 ^- inch ditto, 13 unfinished T cocks, 10 ditto Y cocks, 34 lbs. J- inch coupling castings, 23 lbs. 1-inch ditto, 101 tubes, 11 ditto and flanges for 1-inch cocks, 35 long boxes, 13 T boxes, 6 Y ditto. Lead Pipe. 511 lbs. 2-inch, 616 lbs. 2i-inch, 545 lbs. 1 i-inch, 535 lbs. 1-inch, 1,036 lbs. 1-inch, 1,037 lbs. f-inch, 662 lbs. i-inch, 36 lbs. f-inch block tin, 48 lbs. f ditto, 600 lbs. sheet lead 3,191 lbs, pig lead, 63 lbs. solder. Blacksmith's Shop. 695 lbs. square iron, 1,400 lbs. round REPORT or THE WATER BOARD. 27 ditto, 675 lbs. flat ditto, 211 lbs. cast steel, 977 lbs. working pieces iron, 1,040 lbs. scrap iron. . Carpenter''s Shop. 5,000 feet of pine plank, 200 feet of oak ditto, 300 feet of spruce boards, 4 hydrant boxes, 5 stop-cock boxes, 1 large meter box, 1 small ditto, 2 wharf hydrant ditto, 38 top pieces, 50 unfinished hydrant boxes, 3 unfinished meter ditto, 50 lbs. spikes. Stable. 3 horses, 3 wagons, 1 buggy, 1 chaise, 4 sets harness, 1 pung, 2 sleighs, 800 lbs. English hay, 1,000 lbs. salt hay, 2(5 bushels grain, stable utensils. ^ Tools. 1 steam-engine, 1 large hoisting crane, 1 boom der- rick, 4 geared hand derricks, 2 sets of shears, and all the rig- ging for the same, tools for lying main and service pipes, and for repairs of the same, 1 steam-engine, 2 engine lathes, 1 fox ditto, 1 hand ditto, 1 upright drilling machine, 3 grindstones, and the necessary tools for carrying on the machine, black- smith's, carpenter's, and plumber's shops, 3 large tool houses, 2 small ditto, 1 40-inch proving press, 1 36-inch ditto, 2 small ditto, also office furniture. At Beacon Hill Reservoir. 5 swivel pipe j)atterns, 1 swing stage, capstan frame and levers, 1 composition cylinder, 1 6-inch ditto, 4 jets, 1 reducer, and 2 sets of 12-inch plates, and 2 4-inch plates, 3 composition reel jets, 6 cast-ii"on jets, 1 drinking fountain, also a large lot of patterns stored at the pipe yard and at the founderies where we obtain castings. Miscellaneous. 100 tons paving gravel, 500 bricks, 325 lbs. gasket, 5 keg-bolts, 375 feet of hose, 1^ cords wood, 35 gal- lons oil, 200 lbs. old composition, 1 load sand, 17 reservoir gate covers, 5 man holes, 6 plates, lot of old lumber, lot of machinery from Marlboro. Respectfully submitted, E. E. JONES, Superintendent Eastern Division B. W. W. REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE WESTERN DIVISION. Natick, January 5, 1865. Ebenezer Johnson, Esq., President Cochituate Water Board. Sir : in compliance with the Rules of the Water Board the Superintendent respectfully submits a statement of the work done on the Western Division. LAKE COCHITUATE. All necessary repairs at the gate house, dams, bridges, roads, walks, fences, and grounds, around the Lake, have been made. Agreeably to your order I have laid five hundred and fifteen yards of slope wall to protect the banks of the Lake from wash- ing. The banks have been sloped and sodded down to the top of the wall, which has much improved the appearance of the borders of the Lake. A dam has been built as ordered by the Board to filter the water of Pegan Brook, which passes through the village of Natick, and empties its waters into the Lake. From January 1, 1864, to June 1, water was wasted from the Lake at the outlet dam eighty-one days ; the quantity wasted will be given you by the City Engineer, Mr. Crafts. The gates at the outlet dam were closed June 1 , the Lake being at that time 14 feet above the bottom of the conduit, from that time to the 1st of August it was drawn down 4 feet to supply the city, the EEPORT OF THE WATER BOAED. 29 gates of the outlet of Dug Pond were then opened, which kept the water in the Lake from falling any lower, until the 13th of August, at which time Dug Pond was all drawn off except what it afforded by springs and rain fall, which by careful measurement amounted to nearly a million of gallons per day. Since the 13th of Aug- ust it gradually fell till on the 24th of December it was but 4 feet 10 inches above the bottom of the conduit, lower than it has ever been since the water was introduced into the city. In accordance with your order, on the 24th of December the waters of Dudley's Pond were let into the Lake, and have been kept running from that time ; this by the aid of the late rain storms, has caused the waters of the Lake to rise, and to day it is six feet three inches above the bottom of the conduit. BRICK CONDUIT AND LINE OF AQUEDUCT. All the bridges, waste- weirs, pipe chambers and culverts are in good condition ; the banks of the aqueduct have been repaired in a number of places and sodded to prevent them from being washed by the heavy rains. The water has has been drawn off from the conduit four times during the past year for examina- tion, repairs, and cleaning, by order of the Board. First, it was shut off above Charles River on the 8th day of April, at 6 o'clock P. M. and let into the conduit again on the 9th at 12 M. the vvater being off eighteen hours ; during this time it was cleaned and examined from the Lake to Charles River. There are a number of places on this section which need repairs, but in the limited time which the water could be kept off it was im- possible to make them, and they were temporarily repaired for the season. The water was again shut off the 13th of June at 6 o'clock P. M. and let on ao;ain at 12 M. on the 14th eighteen hours ; during this time the pipe chamber on the east side of Charles River was repaired, and swing gates placed in the chamber to prevent the water from wasting from the Brookline Reservoir and conduit east of Charles River, in case of a break in 30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. the aqueduct west of Charles River ; and also to examine the conduit from the River to the Brookline Reservoir, w^hich it has been impossible to do farther than the waste-vreirs at Newton Centre, owing to the great quantity of water in the conduit. On arriving at the reservoir, I found the gate at the upper gate house, which shuts the water from the conduit at the reservoir, broken. It had been repaired and a set of stop plank made and placed in the gate house to guard against another accident of the kind. The third time the water was shut off was on the 7th of Sep- tember, and the water was drawn off to examine a leak. A large crack was discovered in the conduit near the waste-weir in the 13th Section, and the water had forced its way through the bank of the aqueduct. After the reservoir had been filled with water the gates at the Lake were again closed for the 4th time September 16, at 4 o'clock P. M. the conduit emptied and the leak repaired. The conduit was also examined from the reservoir to Newton Centre ; the water was let on the 17th at 12 M. hav- ing been off twenty hours and causing the water in the reservoir to fall two feet nine inches, equal to twenty million gallons. There are other places in the conduit this side of Charles River which need repairs, but it would require more time than could be given, as the conduit contains when full fifteen million gal- lons ; and to do the necessary repairs would require the conduit to be emptied at least six times, causing a waste of ninety mil- lion gallons, which could not be spared when the Lake is low. Nothing of importance has been done to Brookline Reservoir during the year except to keep the banks and walks in order. You will find annexed a schedule of tools, &c. belonging to the city and used in this Department. Respectfully submitted, E. F. KNOWLTON, Superintendent Western Division. EEPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 31 The following property is in charge of and used by the Superintendent of the Western Division : — 1 Horse Cart and Harness. 1 Express Wagon. 1 Express Harness. 2 Boats and 4 Oars. 19 Wheelbarrows and 1 Handcart. 49 Shovels and 10 Picks. 4 Crowbars, 4 Rammers. 2 Grindstones 4 Water Pails. 4 Pairs Rubber Boots. 6 Lanterns, 2 Hammers. 1 Level, 2 Handsaws. 2 Grass Hooks. 2 Iron Wrenches at Gate House. 2 " " at Brookline Reservoir. 4 Trowels, 2 Hoes, 2 Axes. 1 Fluid Can and Oil Filler. 1 Pair of Hedge Shears. 1 Stove, 1 Desk. 1 Gravel Scow, and Screen. 1 Rain Gauge. f Cask Nails. WATER REGISTRAR'S REPORT. Water Eegistrar's Office, Boston, Dec. 31, 1864. E. Johnson, Esq., President of the Cochituate Water Board: — Sir : In conformity with the 16th section of the Ordinance, the following Report is herewith submitted : — The total number of water-takers now entered for the year 1865, is 27,046, being an increase since January 1, 1864, of 465. During the year there has been 745 cases where the water has been turned off for non-payment of water-rates. Of this number 630 havg been turned on, leaving a balance of 115 still remaining off. The total number of cases where the water has been turned on for the first time, is 472. The total amount received from December 31, 1863, to Jan- uary 1, 1865, is . . .' . . $430,710 76 Of the above, there was re- ceived for water used in previous years, the sum of $ 17,807 98 Leaving the receipts for water used during the year 1864, the sum of . . . 1412,902 78 In addition to the above, there has been received for letting on water in cases where it had been turned off for non-payment of rates, the sum of . . . . . . . 1,276 00 Total $431,986 76 EEPOKT or THE WATEE BOAED. 33 The increased amount of income in 1864 over the previous year, is ..... $36,204 51 The total amount of assessments now made for the present year, is .... 309,627 58 The estimated amount of income from the sales of water during the year 1865, is . . . 450,000 00 The expenditures of my office during the year 1864, has been 4,200 34 The items of this expenditure have been as follows, viz: — Chas. L. Bancroft for services .... $ 975 83 Stephen Badlam " " . Edwin Jennings " » Chas. C. Badlam '^ " . William Souther " distributing bills A. D. Child " '« " . . G. E. Eic'hardson " " " Chas. W. Little " " " J.E. Farwell&Co. " printing . J. L. Fairbanks " stationery The order which passed your Board December 21, 1864, directing the Water Registrar to employ twenty men to exam- ^e and report all places where the water fixtures were out of order, and the water found running to waste, has been com- plied with, and the result shows the necessity of the order. The total number of cases reported during the past ten days, is 1,808. Of these 1,353 were cases of fixtures out of repair, and 531 were reported for wasting water. 975 83 849 81 849 81 24 00 24 00 24 00 10 00 283 52 183 54 $4,200 34 34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. METERS. The meter system continues to grow in favor, and witli few- exceptions gives general satisfaction. The total number of meters now in use is 312, being an increase since January 1, 1864, of 58. During the past 60 days a series of experiments have been commenced by attaching meters to the premises of a variety of establishments, embracing Club Houses, Restaurants, Confectioners, Oyster Saloons, and buildings occupied by sev- eral tenants, and the result proves the benefit of their appli- cation ; and I am convinced that with the aid of meters similar results would follow with almost every class of consumers. REPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 35 STATEMENT " • Showing the Numhej- and Sizes of Water Meters now in Use, and where applied, to January 1, 1865. Revere House Parker House American House Marlboro House Adams House Coolidge Hoiise Tremont House United States Hotel Bromfield House Hotel Pelham Sailors' Home City Hotel Mariners' House. Boston Hotel .. Young's Hotel New England House Merrimac House Wilde's Hotel Massachusetts House J. Adams's Boarding House Quincy House Elm Street House National House Central House Webster House Hancock House Evans House Dooley's Hotel Berkley House Trimountain House Appleton's Hotel Merchants' Hotel Boston Sugar Refinery Worcester Railroad Company Maine Railroad Company Old Colony Railroad Company Fitchburg Railroad Company Providence Railroad Company Eastern Railroad Company Midland Southern Railroad Company . Navy Yard Amounts carried forward 42 SIZE OF METERS. I inch. 1 inch. 2 inch. 3 inch. 4 inch. 3 4 2 1 2 1 4 4 3 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 ' 2 2 1 1 5 2 2 1 1 4 3 2 2 2 1 5 1 1 2 42 48 5 1 2 36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Amounts brought forward. . . . United States Marine Hospital Massachusetts General Hospital. . . McLean Asylum Massachusetts State Prison Bay State EoUing Mill Norway Iron Company Pemhroke Forge Company D. Dyer (Rice Mill) Farrar, FoUett, & Co Boston Gas Light Company South Boston Gas Light Company. East Boston Gas Light Company . . Cunard Steamship Company East Boston Ferry Company Chelsea Ferry Company Torreys & Co Bowker, Torrey, & Co E. L. Gowan A. Wentworth J. Trull & Co J. M. Barnard S. Bowman Felton & Waters F. H. Jenny W. E. French John Felton & Son Graves & Hoyt J. Foote Gushing & Beach S. H.L.Pierce Chauncy Page Benjamin Pope & Co J. A. Robertson Bennett & Co Manson, Peterson, & Co J. J. McNutt J. R. Coolidge J. F. Paul Henry N. Hooper & Co William Carleton South Boston Iron Company C. Alger (Powder Mill) Hinckley, Williams, & Co Downer's Kerosene Oil Company Shawmut Oil Company Oriental Oil Company H. Richardson Lee, Crocker, & Co Hodges & Silsbee Philbrick & Parsons Loring, Bangs, & Co Henry Souther (Brewery) Amounts carried forward 80 I inch. 1 incli. 2 inch. 3 inch. 4 inch 42 1 80 13 BEPOET OF THE WATER BOAED. 37 Amount l7~oug'ht forward William T. Van Nostrand George W. Smith S. H. Litchfield Fairbanks & Beard Howard Theatre Mount Washington Glass Company Boston Crystal Glass Company . . . . W. K. Lewis W. H. Davis J. G. Hamblen H. M. Richards Chickering & Sons J. L. Ross Dexter, Lambert, & Co Sanborn, Richardson, & Co Grover, Baker, & Co G. E. Evans Thomas Oxnard Hazleton & Bailey Globe Locomotive Company Boston Milling Manf. Company Hill, Dwinell, & Co S. C. Taylor Warren Color Company Aerated Bread Company J. B. Fowle & Co Kittridge & Co Aquilla Adams William Evans Atlantic Works R. Hoe & Co George McLauthlin J. J. Walworth & Co Edwards & Kershaw Briggs & Robinson Schenkl & Dana Banker, Carpenter, & Co Stimpson, Valentine, & Co Jarvis & Hall Albion Building Hart, Baldwin, & Bothume Aquilla Adams Donald McKay T. R. Burnham SuflFolk Salt Works Boston Music Hall Second Church Society R. B. Brigham Carter, Mann, & Co Fulton Iron Company Pavilion Denio & Roberts J. Hobart Amount carried forward I inch. 1 inch. 2 inch. 3 inch. 4 inch 80 111 80 1 110 13 13 3S CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Amount hrought forward E. S. Wright & Co. . Charles Copeland Peter Brigham E. W. Johnson Atlantic Works Leavitt & Co G. H. Dickerman H. Atwood Globe Works Eagle Sugar Company Eowler & Co Bay State Sugar Company Campbell & Coverly Underhill & Brother Stebbins & Anderson ■. . Mason & Hamlin • Sanborn & Parker Watson & Bisbee Ereeman & Sears G. H. Fox &Co Simpson Dry Dock Company Paul Curtis Eichard Price . <. Commercial Wharf Company St. Mary's College Union Club House McKay & Aldus P. Doane Vinton & Copeland Medical College W. D. Parks .". Suffolk Lead Works George W. Vinton S. D. &H. W. Smith Union Building Somersett Club House E. F. Porter Merchants' Exchange New England Life Insurance Company . Haley, Morse, & Co Jonathan Cottle E. S. Higgins J. Higgins E. Perkins J. M. Learned Thomas Jameson Curtis & Tilden Studio Building Monks Building Phcenix Building City Exchange Niles Building I inch. 1 inch. 2 inch. 3 inch. 4 inch Total 163 111 2 110 128 13 U EEPORT OF THE WATEE BOARD. 39 The following Table exhibits the yearly revenue received from the sales of Cochituate water, since its introduction into the city, October 25, 1848 : — From October 25 1848 to January 1 , 1850, 172,043 20 ' ' January 1 , 1850 J 1851, 98,367 90 1851 if, 1852, 161,299 72 1852 it 1853, 179,486 25 1853 i i 1854, 196,352 32 1854 , (, i 1855, 217,007 51 1855 (( 1856, 266,302 77 1856, ii 1857, 282,651 84 1757, i i 1858, 289,328 83 1858, a 1859, 302,409 73 1859, li 1860, 314,808 97 1860, a 1861, 334,544 8Q 1861, ti 1862, 365,323 46 1862, a 1863, 373,922 88 1863, ii 1864, 394,506 25 a a 1864, Total 1865, 430,710 76 14,279,067 25 40 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Statement showing the number of houses, stores, steam en- gines, &c. in the City of Boston, supplied with Cochituate water to the 1st of January, 1865, with the amount of water- rates paid for 1864 : — 19,309 Dwelhng-houses . $232,384 04 27 Boarding " . 1,544 00 101 Model " ., . 4,345 00 9 Lodo'ina: " . 233 00 17 Hotels ..... 1,142 00 4,315 Stores and shops . 38,673 62 217 Buildings .... 9,325 78 368 Offices .... 2,832 58 46 Printing offices 685 50 24 Banks .... 292 50 35 Halls .... 515 50 2 Theatres 44 50 22 Private schools 197 00 9 Asylums 361 13 4 Greenhouses 30 00 67 Churches 657 33 7 Markets .... 804 50 110 Cellars .... 706 00 379 Restaurants and saloons 4,609 05 9 Club houses 240 50 3 Bath houses 220 00 14 Packing houses 232 34 957 Stables .... 10,914 86 16 Factories 513 37 1 Brewery .... 6 m 1 Beer manufactory 50 00 6 Bleacheries . . . 76 00 1 Laundry .... 25 00 Amount carried forward, $311,661 76 EEPORT or THE WATER BOARD. 41 Amount hronght forward, 1311,661 76 1 Dyehouse . 54 00 63 Bakeries . . 520 00 4 Shipyards . 51 67 2 Dry docks and engines . ' . 34 00 56 Shops and do. 3,328 50 15 Stores and do. . 1,103 80 1 Mill and do. 169 20 7 Foundries and do. . 287 43 4 Factories and do. 403 2Q 11 Printing arid do. . 803 79 1 Bakery and do. 33 00 3 Shipyards and do. . 264 06 1 Bindery and do. 93 50 4 Buildings and do. . . , . 746 94 1 Pottery and do. 35 00 36 Stationery engines 1,492 64 6 Armories . 60 00 3 Gymnasiums . . . 56 50 941 Hand-hose . 2,831 00 19 Fountains . . . 124 00 2 Gaslight companies 801 15 1 Milldam company 122 00 1 Postoffice . 67 00 1 Statehouse . 134 50 28 Steamboats . , , 5,395 18 3 Offices, Niles Block . 36 00 1 Office, Harbor Master . 6 00 1 Office, City Scales 9 00 1 Old State House . 27 00 6 Fire-alarm meters . , 65 00 22 Fire engine, hose, and hook a nd ladder houses . • • > wardf 350 00 Amount carried for 6 $331,166 88 42 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Amount brought forward, $331,166 88 278 Public schools 1,888 00 8 Police stations .... 719 00 2 City stables .... 135 00 1 Offal station .... 200 00 1 Steamer, Henry Morrison . 192 56 1 Court-house .... 262 50 1 Probate building 47 50 • 1 House of reception 10 00 1 House of correction . 462 00 1 Jail for Suffolk County . ... 243 00 1 Lunatic Hospital 225 00 1 Public Library .... 250 00 1 Free City Hospital . 50 00 1 Faneuil Hall .... 40 00 1 City Hall .... 51 00 1 City building .... 37 50 Common Sewer Department, making mortar 50 00 Public urinals .... 145 00 Contractors for supplying shipping 2,618 35 Street sprinkling .... 400 00 1 Deer park . . . ' . 10 00 Hydrants, Boston Common 50 00 Building purposes 1,217 98 1 Custom-house .... 153 00 1 U. S. Court-house 102 00 Measured water .... 72,176 51 \ $412,902 78 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 43 Statement showing the Number and hind of Water Fixtures con- tained within the Premises of Water-takers in the City of Boston to January 10, 1865, as compared with previous years. 1862 1863 1864 KEMAEKS. 4,766 4,789 4,831 Taps. These haA^e no connection with any drain or sewer. 36,255 37,289 38,844 Sinks. 13,127 14,100 15,488 Wash-hand basins. 4,660 4,921 5,262 Bathing-tubs. 5,216 5,788 6,286 Pan water-closets. 6,252 6,529 7,117 Hopper water-closets. 816 846 935 Self-acting water-closets. 1,408 1,548 1,644 Urinals. 4,390 4,967 5,535 Wash-tubs. These are permanently at- tached to the building. 16 17 12 Shower-baths. These are in houses where there are no tubs. 12 12 12 Hydraulic rams. 714 729 708 Private hydrants. 211 216 275 Slop-hoppers. 77,843 81,751 86,949 Total. Respectfully submitted, WILLIAM F. DAVIS, Water Registrar. REPORT OF THE CITY ENGINEER. Office of City Engineer, Boston, January, 1864. Ebenezer Johnson, ^^q.. , President of the CocUtuate Water Board : — Sir : The following Report of matters connected with the Water Works is respectfully submitted. LAKE COCHITUATE. The condition of the structures and grounds at the Lake and the improvements made during the past year, being fully set forth in the Report of the Superintendent of the Western Di- vision, it is only necessary to refer to his Report for information upon this subject. The water in the Lake, at the beginning of the year was, ac- cording to the reports of the Superintendent, 13 feet 11 inches above the bottom of the conduit, and remained at about this height — rising at one time to 14 feet — until June 3. On the first of July it had fallen to 12 feet 7 inches. Dur- ing the month of July it fell from 12 feet 7 inches to 10 feet, or at the rate of one inch per day. It then continued to lower, with slight fluctuations, until the 26th of December, when it had reached a level of only 4 feet 10 inches above the bottom of the aqueduct, — a fall since July 3, when the Lakewas full, of 9 feet 2 inches. Since December 26, it has been gradually EEPORT or THE WATEE BOAED. 45 rising, and on the 1st of January stood at 5 feet 8 inches, a gain in -five days of 10 inches, or at the rate of 2 inches per day with every prospect of a steady increase. It would now seem that the danger which has been apprehended of being obliged to resort to artificial means of raising the water from the Lake into the aqueduct, in order to supply the usual great consump- tion incident to the winter months, has now passed. A Table of the average monthly and yearly heights of water in the Lake above the bottom of the aqueduct for the past four- teen years has been prepared and is herewith submitted"; from which it appears that the yearly average height of the Lake for the past year has been 10,x%*o feet, being a trifle lower than for years 1860, 61, 62. It will also be seen, that the monthly averagfe height for December last, — the lowest since the works were constructed, varies only -y^^js of a foot from the average for January, 1862, and, in fact, that the present low stage of the water is 9,lmost exactly paralleled in the winter of 1861, 2. We should be admonished by the experience of the past year, when, — with a rain-fall of 42x®ff inches, our supply ran so low, — of the danger that we should incur, if the rain-fall should happen to be as small as in 1822, which was only 27tV inches. The want of adequate storage room has probably been more forcibly exemplified in this year's experience than ever before. We began the year with the Lake full, and during the first five months there was wasted at the outlet dam 1,368,746,000 gallons or enough to supply the city for 82 days at the rate of consumption for the past year. All this amount, however, could not have been retained even if the dam had been two feet higher, as was recommended in the Report of the former engi- neer, as the capacity of the additional two feet would have been not over one-half the amount wasted. Although the pro- posed new Reservoir will furnish storage room for an amount equal to the capacity of an additional two feet at the Lake ; nevertheless, it must be apparent that the storage capacity of the Lake itself should be increased unless the obstacles in the 46 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. form of damages should be found to be insuperable. We must either make the total capacity of the Lake, as a receptacle of the rain-fall on its water shed, available by increasing its storage ca- pacity, or, in a few years, seek an additional source of supply. By reference to the statement herewith submitted of the rain- fall on the water shed of the Lake, the amount consumed and wasted, the available amount received into the Lake, and the available percentage, it will be seen that the daily average amount received into the Lake for a term of eleven years was about 23,000,000 gallons, while the capacity of the aqueduct to deliver, even if thoroughly strengthened, cannot safely exceed 20,000,000 gallons per day, an amount, "which, if storage room could be provided, would adequately supply, even at the prsent rates of consumption, a population of 235,000. Water has been wasted from the Lake, during the past year as follows, viz : — In January, for 22 days, 266,420,604 gallons. " February," 6 " 7,120,452 " " March, " 101 " 582,656,370 " " April, '' lOi " 373,482,932 " " May, " 25 " 139,065,713 " 5 months, 73J 1,368,746,071 " PEGAN BROOK. The water of the stream known as Pegan Brook, which passes through the centre of the village of Natick and empties into the Lake at its southeast corner, receives in its flow a great deal of offensive matter, so much, in fact, as to render its diver- sion or purification a matter of great desirability if not of neces- sity. A personal examination of the premises, in company with your Board was made last summer, when it was determined to make a survey of the most practicable route for an aqueduct or EEPOET OF THE WATER BOAED. 47 drain to divert this water to Bannister's Brook, and thence into Sudbury River, and to estimate the cost thereof. In view of the known great cost of such a work, especially at the present high rates of labor and materials, an expedient was suggested which it was thought might serve to mitigate temporarily at least, the nuisance. This plan was to build across the meadow, which is from 80 to 100 feet wide at the mouth of the brook, a dam of such materials that the waters of the brook, under a slight head, should filter through, thus arresting much of the filth which would otherwise pass into the Lake. A plan was proposed for a dam to be built of common field-stone, except a space three feet in width in the centre of the embankment ex- tending its whole length, to be filled with fine pebbles or screened gravel, which may be replaced whenever the filter be- comes foul or clogged, without disturbing the rest of the dam. To provide for unusual flows of water, as in case of spring freshets, a flume, five feet in width, provided with stop-plank was to be built through the dam. This plan was adopted by the Board and has been executed in a thorough manner under the direction of the Superintendent, Mr. Knowlton. Its cost was only about $ 500, and, thus far, has worked admirably. A very recent examination showed the water issuing in a perfectly clear state along the whole outer line of the dam under a head of only one foot three inches, thus showing that the filter was working quite as satisfactorily as was expected. Several routes for an aqueduct to divert this brook have been reconnoitred, and the one deemed the most feasible has been surveyed. The length of brick aqueduct to be built on this route would be about 2 J miles, with cuttings for nearly one mile, averaging 22 feet, and fillings for the rest of the distance, varying from one to twelve feet. By this route the aqueduct would commence about 1,000 feet east of the present filter dam, at a point on the brook which is about 7 feet above high-water mark in the Lake ; thence, following the course of the brook 48 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. to near the border of the southeastern part of the Lake, about 1,000 feet; thence along the southern border of the Lake and by the northerly side of the Worcester railroad, about 3,000 feet ; thence in a northwesterly and northerly direction, along the shore of the Lake about 3,600 feet, crossing land of Mrs. Sally Walker and land of Willard Morse ; thence in a north- erly direction, leaving the edge of the Lake, through land of said Morse, of Martin Badger, and of Caroline Morse about 2,400, to a road known as Speen Street; thence, following this road, about 2,000 feet; thence leaving the road on the easterly side thereof and passing through land of Aaron Train and others, about 1,000 feet, and thence by an open ditch about 700 feet to the present ditch, which leads from the meadow op- posite the Superintendent's house to Bannister's Brook. The size of aqueduct required has not been determined, as no opportunity has yet occurred for gauging the maximum flow of the brook.* It is probable, however, that a diameter of three feet, which, with a fall of three feet per mile would dis- charge over 8,000,000 gallons in twenty-four hours, would be sufficient to carry off the large quantities which the brook brings down in spring freshets. An aqueduct of this size, built on the route above described, would cost, at present prices, not less than | 70,000, a sum which nothing less than absolute necessity should justify the expenditure of. At all events, before incurring such an ex- pense, it would be well to exhaust all other expedients for pre- venting the filth from entering the brook, and for the purifica- tion of its waters before entering the Lake. The Board should control, by purchase or otherwise, the borders of the brook as far as possible, say from its mouth to the culvert under Wal- cott's Block ; then, if the sewage from Fay's Factory, which appears to be the chief source of impurity, could be diverted, * Since this was written, and during the recent rain, the flow of the brook has been gauged, and though not a maximum flow, was found to be 1,060,000 gallons in twenty-four hours. EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 49 and the present filter dam maintained in its present efficiency, it is quite certain that the evil would be effectually cured, and at a moderate cost compared with the expense of an aqueduct. We should also save the water, which, although not very great in amount, helps to make up the total supply, which, even at the present rate of consumption, is not over abundant. I would also suggest that an analysis of the water of this brook, taken at several points above the dam in its present condition, and compared with the same water after it has passed the filter, also with the water at the gate-house, which is about three miles distant, would determine whether the impurities, gross as they appear, are of that nature to deleteriously affect the quality of the water. CONSUMPTION OF WATEE. The usual statement of the daily average amount of water consumed, for the past and previous years since 1849, is here- with presented, and it appears that the average for the year is 16,681,000 gallons per day, being an increase over last year of 442,500 gallons per day. It will be seen that the average daily consumption for the months of November and December is about 2,000,000 gallons less than for the corresponding month of last year, — a fact that is gratifying, and is undoubt- edly owing to increased vigilance and care on the part of our citizens, inspired by fears of a short supply, and by the extra exertions of the Board and its officers in tracing out sources of waste. The estimates of consumption for the past year have been made according to the method employed the year previous. Some comparisons have been made of this method with various formulas for obtaining the discharge of canals and pipes under similar conditions, and all the investigations I have made this year confirm the opinion expressed in my last Report, that the estimates for a number of years past have been too large. The greatest amount consumed on any one day during the 7 50 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. winter months of 1864, was about 23,700,000 gallons on the nineteenth of February, and greatest amount for any one day In the summer, was 20,300,000 on the 24th of June. CONDUIT. A statement of the condition of the conduit and the repairs made during the year, will be found in the Report of Superin- tendent of the Western Division. The importance of a thorough strengthening of the conduit in its weak places, especially on embankments, is, I doubt not, fully appreciated by the Board ; and I have nothing further to add to the suggestions in my last lieport upon this topic, except it be to urge the importance of putting the conduit in condi- tion to deliver the water for the new Reservoir when completed. In its present condition it is hardly safe to exceed the daily re- quirements of the city, whereas if it were thoroughly strength- ened it could be made to deliver at least 20,000,000 gallons daily. PEOPOSED NEW EESERVOIE. Some additional surveys and rough estimates have been made during the past year in connection with this project ; but, as yet, the surveys have been too imperfect to form a reliable esti- mate of its cost. If it should be decided to go on with this work, a complete and minute survey must be made, which will require some months to finish. I would therefore suggest the expediency of commencing the survey as soon- as possible. The importance of this work has been so fully set forth in former reports, and the Board is so well satisfied of its necessity, that any arguments In its favor would be entirely superfluous at this time. EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 51 EASTERN DIVISION. The Board is referred to the detailed Report of the Superin- tendent of this Division for a statement of the general condi- tions of the works in his Department. I have prepared, and herev^^ith submit, the usual tabular statement of the average monthly heights of water in the reser- voirs at Brookline, Beacon Hill, South and East Boston, above tide-marsh level, for the past five years. By this Table it will be seen that, notwithstanding the low state of the water at the Lake, the average height of the water in Brookline Reservoir for the whole year has been well main- tained, being only -^^^ of a foot less than last year, and only xV^ of a foot less than in 1862 — the highest average of the five years. It also appears that the height of water in the several City Reservoirs has been well maintained, — at Beacon Hill being only tVtt of ^ foot less than last year ; at South Bos- ton 1.09 feet less ; while at East Boston there has been a gain of 1.88 feet. The yearly average loss of head from Brookline to tlie City Reservoirs for the past five years is shown by the following table, in feet and hundredths : — I860. 1861. 1862. 1863. 1864. Loss from Brookline to Beacon Hill 6.16 0.54 6.35 6.27 6.10 " " " "S.Boston 11.43 9.66 8.93 11.05 11.82 " " " "E.Boston 27.28 27.47 28.27 30.24 28.04 It will thus be seen that the loss of head to Beacon Hill has been less the past year than for the four previous years ; to South Boston it has been greater, while at East Boston it has been less than for the two previous years. 52 CITY DOCUMENT, — No. 20. Os H f^ '^ ^s s ^ V. J. o o o o o o O o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o CD C5^ o CD o o CD o CO_ CD JO 05 1— ( -* d CO CO t~r ^ of f-T 1—1 '^ oo" CO o Ci o o t- c^ CO CO IM o; OJ 00 ■* i-H CO t-; lO^ 00 CO oq^ 1-H CD lO 00 CD_ oq^ CD d r-l d 1—1 I-H rH CO I-H 1—1 1—1 1—1 j;^ CO iH (m" rH o o o o o Q O o o o o O O o o o o o o o o o o o O o t- 00 CO o 00 ■* CO CO 00^ cq^ °1 <M^ CO lO lO C<J 05 lO o CO '* co" d" d" I— 1 CO t-^ cd" CO o -*l oq ■^ o CO lO =<) rH t- 00 o -* t- CO I— 1 lO Ci_ o t-^ t~ CO CO CO a d o 00 as cT T-H rH 1—1 1-T 1— 1 d" 1— 1 CD 1—1 CD 1—1 o o o o o ^ J-, o o ^ o ^ o o o o o o o o o o o o o o C<l c; in CO <M 00 >* 00 cq CD o <^ lO lO -* cq CC lO lO CO 00 c-f oT CD t~ <N oo 05 la 00 CO 00 ^ cq CD CO OS o CO cs »o t> CO t-^ CO o t-^ t- o lO Cft o c cT oc oT r-W d" d" Oi 00 00 o cT i-( 1— 1 o c o c o (_, o o o ^ o o o o c o c o o o o o o o o o »o CO "^I CO -*_ C5_ (M Oi^ b- I— 1 t- ■*! CO Hi 00 o CO (>q~ CO CO lO OS l-T o 1—1 -* 00 <N >o -* o c (M ■^ o CO -* t- tM oq ^ o CO CM cr "1 00 '^ CD co CO (M »o 00 CC 00 «> 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 CS 00 o c o c Q o o o o o o o o o c o c o o o o o o o o o as CC T— ( t- o 1—1 o CO CD o OS CO OO OO o c I— t oc o CO 00 Oi d" d" t^ lO »o 00 cr <M ■d lO CO o o <M CO CO as (?q K) l> lO c CO o CO t- Oi C5_ CO 1— 1 r—* 00 CC 00 00 00 00 05~ 05 t- co" CO t- 00 O c o o o o o o o o o o Q o o o o o o o o o o o o t- 05_ M ■* o (M (^ CO CD^ lO -^ 00 f_( »o 00 CO t-T »0 00 irT o lO o CD CO CO CO CO s CO CO CO tM 00 CO CO rH t- CO 00 I?! (T^ I— 1 CO IM oi_ 1—1 (M <KI t^ -* CO 00 t^ 1>1 CO lb CO t-T t- t- t- CO CO t~ CD o o o o o o o o o o J-, o O o o o o o o o o o o o o O t-^ o c^ O .-1 »o_ <M CO lO^ CO >o o OS o 00 r~i -<!tl rH T-l CO CD -* ■* lO •^ CD t- t- OO r-l -^ CO ^ O 1—1 o OO o CO CO CO (M CO Oi CO ^ lO o la »o as o 00 lO lO '^l ■* »o co" 00 00 CO -^ ^ la lO O era ^ C-, ^ o o o o o o O O <3 ^ (3 o o o o o o O o o o o o^ o o o o o 05 00 o o" o o o o o d" o o o o lO o o o o o IC o o 00 t- »o CD co^ 00 00 lO 00 CD CO t-< I-H CO 'd?^ '^ '^ '^ ■>* CO CO CO (K >> H ■o 13 a cS a 4 < 1-s 1-5 p ft CO 1 o O S-l CO o <D eg EEPOET OF THE WATEE BOAED. 53 O O o o o o o O o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o to 00 ^ CD i-T CD~ ■>*" o c<r co' co' oT Oi" t-^ 1—1 >o -* ^ o 05 CO CO 05 t- t^ '^ 00 CD ao_ CO lO o t^ I-l t- "^ o lO CO 00 00 CD rH CD rH CO 00 CO CO lO ^ r-l CD r-l o O O O o O o o o o o ^ o o O O o O o o o o (^ o o o o O o O o o o o o o lO CO CD OO cq 00 y—i icT t- CO -* o lO cT 00 »o 00 o^ CO <M o CO »o 00 CO t- (M C5 CO 1— ( CO CO ^ Gi 05 o t^ o <N <M CO 1—1 t— 1 CD I— 1 rH 1— I CD 1—1 )0 I— 1 CD t- in CO I-l CO 1— 1 CD r-l o ^ o O o o o o o o o o O o o o O o o o o o o o o O o o o O o o o o o o o o CD 00 o o o O o o o o" o o CD o" o o o o O o o o o o o o o o o o CO CO CO CD ■* o o OO o o I— 1 I-l I— 1 -* CO CD 1—1 1—1 t- »^ r-l CO « C5 ^ ■* CO c^ ^ o »o 05 CO CO (N '^l CO CO 'i^ C5 CO CO o CD la !M t^ CO o t- CO »o 00 o 00 CO w o CO^ co^ CO CO CO ■* CO i-T t>r i—T t-T C<f 00 t-^ '^^ CO cT o o lO lO 00 CO Ol t- o OO o l^ CO I— 1 OO •* CD IM CO cq o CS CO Ol T—l T-l o CI t^ CO t- 00 00 OO t- CD lO 00 <M <M I-( '"' I— 1 1—1 t-t rH I— 1 '"' '"' T-l 1— 1 o o o o o O o O o o o o o o o o o o o o O o o o o q^ o o o o o CD o o o o o CD o CO <N T—H 05 I— 1 o OO cT t-^ t-T CO c^ T— ( 00 CO CO o o <M Gi CO CO C5 lO CO CO lO CO 00 05 ■* CD t- 00 <N <M 05 Oi_ 00 (M t- 00 »o ^ ^ t- t-T Oi t-^ CD CO Ci t- .—1 '"' r-f I-l rH '"' '"' T-i I— 1 '"' '~' rH T-< o o o O o o o O ^ o ^ o o o o o o o o O o o o o o o o o o o o o o o_ o o o o C5 00 1— 1 (N at o o C3 m Ol ^ cT co" lO CD itT >— 1 CO 00 CO O CO I— 1 o OO (M rH 00 t^ lO t- ^ t-^ CO CD c^ t--^ CO CD t-;^ lO r-l r-l 1—1 I-H CO I-l 1—1 1—1 CO 1-1 rH rH t-l 1-1 rH CO T-l O o O o O o o O o O o o ^ O o O o o o O o O o o (^ O o o o o o CD o o CD o o o^ OO iO o oT -* lO CO t- I— 1 1—1 >o m CO io~ t-^ 00 CO C5 lO CO <M o (M ^ ■^ CD -* t~ M< r—i rH CO I— 1 ■*_ '^^ CO CO t- O T-t CD 00^ CM Hh" -* CO 1—1 o co" CO <M oq" iM C0~ CvT '"' 1— ( I-l ""* 1—1 T-l '"' rH '~' rH r-l o O o o o o <_, o O O o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o CD q_ o o o o t^ iO ■ 05 iO T— 1 hT -*" -* 1—1 i>r o ■*~ CN 1— ( CO~ OD 00 t~ ■* lO o lO t- CO CD t- ■*! (M rH o 1-i Ol ■* -* >o lO o o 00 CO <M t-^ lO ■* CO <M CO (M CO CO oq o y-t 1— 1 C^ rH I— 1 I-l 1-1 T-l ^-^ r-i 1—1 ""• rH to U a u u ^ dj c2 K >i (U HI 9 O >> t-r r^ ^ .^ ^ bO g '3 5h < q3 t-o '3 1-5 Sjd 1=1 a m ft W S o o a 0) i> o a CJ 54 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. ^tg ■^ ^ is "iS> S s s to § <3 cs o <>o ■*o ^ss: -^ •12* •« ©> u •^ s to ■^^^ ►J? to b^ CO «o O «; '^ to «^ -^ t-!^ .« ^ b^ £i ^ S •ii •T^ s ^^? >-<: '7^ ■*** •< e « CO a 32 o Q H m C^ M 03 H a 2 « ■3 C O a 1 g CO B la O W S CO Q O « P5 ; ro : t CO 00 O O — 1 00 CO (^J CO r-l 00 00 . 3 00 -H 1 -" o : --o '. >^ ', '. 1 CO T^ la r-l y^ CO y-< i>. CO 11 CO N 1 s 2 Ti la to o -- 1 rH -. 00 o -H ^ N a o 50 C5 a N N o CO o M « N N !0 -H to -> ^ o -^ w lO rH ^ o IN W U5 vH : *H 00 ; w o !% ; <N tH CO o : rH CO r^ ^ : U5 CO 00 CO • CO «5 00 >-l 03 CO . CO CO «5 rt CO ■* rH . tH CO ^ CO CO CO CO o <M (M o tH r-( -H (M N o N Ci o o -^ : -^ : <N r : ■* z; D n ►-5 a 1 < < i" S s a >-5 s a a) 02 U di 1 o > O |2; 3 o EEPOKT OF THE WATEE BOARD. 55 From the foreffoino^ statement it will be seen that the conduit has been empty only four days during the past year ; partly full, with a depth of water varying from four feet ten inches to six feet three inches, for sixty-nine days ; just full, (six feet four inches in depth,) two days ; and for the remainder of the year, (two hundred and ninety-one days,) it has worked under a head of from one inch to two feet. 56 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. ^ S ^ S>4 J?4 't?. CO ^ CO OJ o ^_^ CO ta ^_, to 00 ^ s s CO CO (N lO CO •* s CO CO ^ ^ •* CO rH o t^ to lO la o <m iO lO C3 ,_, c» s CO 00 o lO O w IN lO l-i ^ N CO 3 •*! CO r-t IM CO CO N CO Tt< CO o r^ o o JO ■* ^ "*l O C5 CO CO Oi t^ s «2 o 00 OJ •* 3 Tt< N s o o rH rH c-. !> _^ ■* CO c» o r^ ^ CS jr^ I^ C! CO Ga lO (N I^ 00 CS ,_) CJ CO ■* CO C! ,_, o 00 Is. t^ to o "^ ^ cn o rs. CJ CO o> tH § »o •* ^ ■*! CO tH rH CS s O ,_, M IN ,_, o o OS CS o o '^ ^ tH ^ O o CS ^ o o o w Ol 00 CS m o S o (N o» N N ,^ o o o o J^ '"' '"' "^ '-' iO LO o to ,^ (M -* o o IN ^ OT CO CO t^ CO Tfl t^ o s o o> o i-( ,_( ^_4 o "^ '^ ^ CO o ta ■* ^ o c^ o to (N o 1 o o l^ o o o M OJ (N ;:; T-( 1— ( ;^ ;ri rl ;=; o o lO 00 r^ CS M o o g o "O 00 CS 00 t^ to o 1-1 o rH o o o ■o o ^ OS «5 o to «5 CO to 00 o •* IN IN (N : 1— t o f_4 ,-H o o OJ t^ to to ^ "^ s ^ 00 g lO o <y> to 00 CO o o CS o CO o o o o o o o o to to o to 00 OS ^_, ^ 00 00 (M lO tH 00 o S lO I^ o to to iO i> 05 o o o o o OS 00 t>. t^ CS o o .m 00 4: o CO W to CJ ■*! tN, * S o o o 3 o o CS 00 lO to J^ 00 OS ^ CO t~. CJ o to ^ o 1(5 l^ r^ .^ lO c^ tH Tf* t^ lO o o lO s o o o - - o © OS 00 r^ 00 CS CS to 00 o (T. O) o CS o 00 •* o lO to c2 o rH ,_, ,_, ,_, ,_^ o ,_, CS CS Cs o ■^ ^ "^ "^ ^ ^ a •: t5 bB S u ;-, > c3 3 *1^ <«1 1-5 »-5 a Ol o ,o o o o B > o tu 1 o REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 57 >^ a| U "<Si e l| > Si C3 e o ?J oj ■ti +£ fe ■^ fl a d '. '. a a a a d d d d d 0^ <y • a> Q <D "^ "^ ""a J u u ^ oh o ki &4 ^i^ t4 t. t^ t4 tH b S-i tH ;-< ■iS c; OJ CD '. ' (U <u Oi ty 01 a> so cj.g.a ft a & • P. ft 0. ft ft ft ft ft e . i« CO w CO I I -^ 00 10 to 10 05 en -5'S ^ CO in • tN. tH In CO -* CO ■* ■<t( := °.^ r^ ^ N CO M "9 IN CO s e-i CO w • > CO izi 1 oc in_ 0. 10 tN S5 ■4 Oi IN § co~ "5^ 'eis CO 00 r-^ • • °1 ?C to IN rri 0, c: Cs S -^ s OG r^ s '. '• "** rC ^ t^ CO 10! C! 3 in gl SCD. -* -^ fl ■" oT a CO 3 s-ii 00 "^ : : 1 § l«; >-] c IN C CO « 00 IN 2 tN 10 ;^ . 1:* CM §°ll S. c 0^ . . «= c-j c -tH CI -r lO IC E-i c2 ^ 00 ll-^ -<J 0: Cv 00 ' 00 t£ 1^ itt >i I— 1 r^ s io : ; co_ tH CO cc to "3. >s to tc t^I 10 to to 00 In X ir. ft d § 3 . » ^ c c S„ : cT ! § C3 IN M >, , IN. IN u ^S CO r^ 10 00 s 1 ««- "^ ■< ^ (M Tt -IH -Kg O &D a CJ CO I •i X =s •1 s s oi — Z) t; c • G > G c > G M S . G G c > G cs ^•§ '^ rf s C c ~ C C r G c 3 G r c ttH Cm "*^ o to <B.S 2 > : 00 or • CO : «5 T 0( I ? J T- 1 3 c -^ so *" ft e &i a _ ^ SI'S IT c 5 ;_ C c C to c c c >, oS oc • • c G c 1^ a o- i^ r c; GTS IT c ic ; 1 oc ' 1 G > c 5 T s IN " '3 c^ 1 § • • '^ 0( (^ I> c 0) 1! •^ T ; ; cT « r~ c tc r £ f ! " .^ cr \ I ifT t£ ^ t£ i_ c r c c t: " 0( > •* r IN " ^ t- s S5 » G > c C ^ tc G 5 C CO rK ■3 -3 ^3 c L c g G § g ? 5 i c to § ^ i g r- M C ; a > 1: ; a G ' S r tc cT oo" ^'" ^ c^ c C 3 C ^ -^ to In oS J 5 *5 "^ ir G «■ L '^ 3 IN io_ C0_ 00 f-.*;i (iT -*itS 1^ t: " 8 ¥f •^ C = ^ ' r> r «■ r ot cT 'iT CO S'o -< !i 3 OC ? 3 t: = s 3 Tt r ■* ~ " 55 G " ^ ■' C' ■1 o* " ca' -tH 10 to i? to •s^ t. C G 5 (- 000 C c > c 5 C c 3 c u c C > c > c c 3 G 3 C ^ s s ?_; a 3 ir __ io_ to C >_ c 2, "^ c 5. ^ 0) '^'? G f c ** cT rC gT " If 5" a D u- G r i" ;= >i a 3 T c 3 Cs 00 G G 5 G c C 5 2 ^ CO £n ca_ r to cT -H < tN 4i C a c § I " a G r c 3 G i C lO ■K. t^i s ;^ 1- 1 s > r^ -*i to tl D_ C 5_ t; >_ c 3_ C ^ ^ <« =0 'f a 5- r 5 C 5 CO Tl5' tH •<* " "" h" t. 5" t; r « 3" « 3 t£ > 4^ c^ fO io a 1 i C > <: 5 C > c > c > G 5 c > G 3 C 3 C ? ^ ! 1 G > c 2 G > G > G 3 G 5 G 3 G 3 C 3 C C ^ »^ C >, o_ o_ o_ " cT c^r c^r C ~ 5_ G 3_ G 3 G 3 G 3" J. 3^ G " >> o > 5 3 5: 3 -H lO : c 5 r Z C > c ■s ^ '3 *i i L " u 5_ i> 00 0_ C- ;_ t. 3 - H C ^ 0^ li i^ r "^ c S ^ - "^ ■* r^ C C 0" C t; 1^ 5 t. 5 0( D S 3 it* ! t: ° S * ^ r r- J H* rH CO* gT H rt rt O^ r t. £' a 1 "^ Kf L c r r -1 -} r- i. 3 - - ^ e 1:2 S u to t. 5 c <> « H C ■> c c 3 to <o b< c 1 '■ r- ■< 0» 00 rH t. 5 C T t< H t c t 3 tN s fl r ^ ^ CO ■*! CO D C 4 1, 3 C n c ■> J 1 g ^ H I T H « •* ^ h - tl 1. •; H t< t 3 r N tH ^ fij i >_ H 5 iS -)• ^ < ■0 ■! )H 10 to r^ « n c H e ■^ c ■^ 11 10 10 10 1 to t s t t « g < ^ ,*- 00 00 c C ^ u c 5 'c c c H r 58 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. Monthly Fall of Rain in Inches, in 1864. January . . February . March .... April May June July August . . . September October... November December . Totals :iM 3.37 0.98 8.44 4.02 2.84 0.58 1.06 3.56 1.52 6.50 5.45 4.28 PLACES AND OBSERVERS. 3.87 1.43 11.75 4.72 3.31 1.47 1.90 4.17 2.60 4.80 4.00 5.28 49.30 BE 2.79 1.13 9.86 3.65 2.70 1.64 1.4G 3.09 2.51 4.37 4.36 4.69 42.25 go 2.44 0.89 8.03 2.56 2.56 1.25 1.62 3.22 2.91 3.79 3.93 4.91 38.11 JO 2.64 0.98 8.42 3.59 2.81 1.07 1.82 3.64 2.90 3.84 4.09 4 94 o 3.34 0.89 6.59 7.81 2.91 0.78 1.20 2.55 1.68 4.60 3.52 4.59 .39.46 si. fe-o-g ^ SO! 3.00 0.90 6.84 4.44 2.20 0.70 1.16 2.51 2.30 4.97 4.04 3.50 30.56 ft4 : 4.66 1.53 4.74 2.46 3.15 1.22 1.46 4.05 2.. 36 2.85 3.42 4.93 36.83 Note. — Melted snow is, as usual, included in the above amounts of rain-fall. REPOllT OF THE WATER BOAED. 59 Annual Amount of Rain-Fall, in Inches, in Lake Gochituate, Boston, and vicinity, 1849 ^o 1864, inclusive. PLACES AND OBSERVERS. YEAR. oT ttf 3 "3 T3 C O CQ by E. Hobbs and , Ag-ent, Boston ring Company. a a la li o "S < ll a o o M 2 o Waltham, J. R. Scott Manufactu Lowell, by ufacturing- Erancis. II o a 8 g 2 1849 .... 40.30 40.97 40.74 41.90 34.69 1850 53.98 54.07 62.13 51.09 51.48 1851 .... 44.31 41.97 41.00 45.68 .... 43.30 1852 * 47.93 47.94 40.51 42.24 42.78 38.58 1853 * 55.86 48.86 53.83 45.04 43.92 .... 53.27 1854 43.15 45.71 45.17 41.29 42.08 46.25 1855 34.96 44.19 47.59 40.63 44.89 48.41 39.05 1856 40.80 52.16 53.79 42.33 42.49 45.97 40.97 1857 63.10 56.87 57.92 44.04 49.38 52.02 44.74 1858 48.66 52.67 45.46 37.40 37.73 35.80 44.51 1859 49.02 56.70 .... 48.49 47.51 48.41 45.29 1860 55.44 51.46 46.95 .... 46.91 46.67 38.24 1861 46.44 50.07 50.14 43.32 42.95 44.25 1862 49.69 61.06 57.21 .... 44.26 44.61 50.09 1863 69.30 67.72 56.42 53.66 52.37 57.81 54.17 1864 42.60 49.30 .... 36.56 38.11 40.64 36.88 * By J. Vannevar. It appears from the foregoing Table that in only one year since the works were completed (1855) has the annual rain-fall at the Lake been so small as for the past year. 60 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 20. I o •to - CO i s cq .s I 1^ OJ 00 o to OD o to CM 00 o lO CM 00 o c^ CO to !>. OJ lO 00 '"' o en CJ CJ OS C-. OS -* to C-. r^ o CO o CM S tH CM JN, OS |z; ,_, y-t ,_, O o G> o C5 o o> o ro OS OB OS o 00 o O s in f_i 05 m CO to O OS to is. OJ OS OS w> I^ d n to ,_, rH C5 ai O o c» Oi OS OS 05 OS OS OS r« lO o I^ iC §1 o ■* to to o t^ < O CO to 00 o r^ ■* CO W 00 to CI OS ,— ( i CM CM 00 to CM iO OS OS OS to 00 o CO lO s CO to to o to 00 to '^ GS o ro C5 OS OS OS CO S to CO <-B g o o «5 (M o ,_, ,_! OS ,_, ;:; ;^ o O iij s m * to CO f_4 ra o o o 1 m T-1 tH i-( *-( r-< r-l l-H 1—1 iH 'A O to o OS i^ CM CM o O CM OS CO to Th tH tH TH ■* •* to tH tH ^-* T-< T-H tH ^— t r-i .-< r-< tH 1-t 1—1 l-l ,_( to on ■* to p O o 00 «: O lO «5 CO IN O CM CM Ttl ■* CO CO r-t »-< ^-H rH ^-< 'H '—I ^H T-t 1— < l-« l-l 1— < o O Ttl o ?^ to to ns QC to i ■* OS to ■*! •* C5 00 ,^ O -tH ■* ,_, ""I O 6 o O Xii ;z| OJ O: r^ s r^ lO CO CM «5 CO lO CO to to in lO lO lO no 00 t^ to tH f— f T-i t-( *H r-l r~* »M l-< T-l T-i l-< 1—* ?N. o Ci fs « o CM ^ 4 00 00 t^ to in O to to lO to 00 o w tH r-i »— f rH r-( tH 1— I rH 1-1 ^^ 1-1 iH 1-1 ,— 1 o ,— 1 c; O. CM !z; OT C5 en t^ f. to to to to * r-- US I^ ^—1 .-' •H y-* T-H th .— 1 1—1 iH 1— ' rH l-l o ^ a a Tt in 1 QO « to 05 o ■*! n 00 tc a o cc Oi f^ tc Tt CO ir: tc tN. to .-< *-H r~* T-H l— ' ^— ' T- < »-• !-• 1— ' l-< 1— ' CO o O CO o lO Tt c< r^ CO i 00 to 05 to to t^ to t^ rs. O a c r^ s CO to to 00 00 « CM CO CO CO rM CM CM CM CO CQ N c^ s ?5 to o to CO C OS s IN K3 CO s r-l o c- C^ '» i-t 1— ' e c tH o *j W ^ •^ o ts UL o Tj" in S ^ •* CO o C^ c> O c- Cv o K ^H QC CM *H tH ?R ^ • y— to a- c c CM CM CM Oi CQ CM CM 7)' OS ^ CO o- QC '^ CM & t>. CO lO to ^ cg c- c^ CO CO CM § CO CO OJ CO 2 o CM CM CM O O) CM « • ; O > > pi 1 < ^ 1 a r < 1 t. a c C a. £ 1 a 1 CS '"' ® tM .2 ^ o Mo blD MS ►Jo "S ^g o To B «^ ^ cS be i=l ^2 i ? ® ■§ o C « °* S g a? §>>+=. 9 •« *^ £• a I'-t^^ «•"«-£ . •i^ ^ :^ .^ 75 p- 6X)v-. '^ o "^'i § ^ a <» +3 3 c2 o ?3 o S OJD ^ QJ p ^ a ^ 0) P a> S'^.r) !_ SO (1) +^.S cs 5-3.3 g;g c3 t2 K r 0) c^ ^ (U j3 d Car; tH '. o M o o EEPOET OF THE WATEE BOARD. 61 I desire to return my thanks to the several gentlemen who have so kindly furnished me with their annual records of the rain-fall for the past year. Respectfully submitted, N. HENRY CRAFTS, City Engineer. n: PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THB CITY OF BOSTON ABBREVIATED REGULATIONS. One volume can be taken at a time from the Lower Hall, and one from the Bates HaU. Books can be kept out 14 days. A fine of 2 cents for each volume will be incurred for each day a book is detained more than 14 days. Any book detained more than a week be- yond the time limited, wiU be sent for at the expense of the delinquent. No book is to be lent; out of the household of the borrower. The Library hours for the delivery and re- turn of books are from 10 o'clock, A. M., to 8 o'clock, P. M., in the Lower Hall ; and from 10 o'clock, A. M., untn one half hour before sunset m the Bates Hall. Every book must, under penalty of one dol- lar, be returned to the Library at such time in August as shall be publicly announced. The card must be presented whenever a book is returned. For renewing a book the card must be presented, together with the book, or with the shelf-numbers of the book.