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Full text of "Annual report of the Commissioner-General of Immigration"

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 
COMMISSIONER GENERAL 
OF IMMIGRATION - - 1927 




U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 

JAMES J. DAVIS. Secretary 

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 

COMMISSIONER GENERAL 
OF IMMIGRATION 

TO THE SECRETARY OF LABOR 

FISCAL YEAR 
ENDED JUNE 30 

1927 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON 

1927 



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CONTENTS 



Fag* 

Report of the Commissioner General of Immigration 1 

Immigration 3 

Volume — chief sources — Admissions — Rejections — Distribution 3 

Mexican immigration 5 

The quota law 7 

National origin 8 

Foreign service 9 

Deportations (expulsions) 10 

S ummary 11 

Alien inmates of penal institutions, insane asylums, hospitals, and poor- 
houses II 

Reentry permits (including Chinese) 11 

Visa petitions 12' 

Immigrant students 13 

Alien seamen 13 

Bootlegging of aliens 15- 

Border patrol 16 

Honor roU 18 

Activities of immigration border patrol during the fiscal year ended 

June 30, 1927 19> 

Administrative fines 20 

Financial statement 20 

Seasonal labor 20 

Citizenship and the alien 21 

Legislation recommended 22 

Discussion of administrative problems 24 

Field 24 

Bureau 25 

Conclusion 26 

APPENDIX— STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION (TABLES 

1 TO 104) 

(AH tables cover the fiscal year ended June 30, 1927, unless otherwise indicated) 

Table Page 

1. Aliens admitted, departed, debarred, and deported, and United 

States citizens arrived and departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 

1926 and 1927, by ports 29 

2. Net increase or decrease of population bv adnaission and departure 

of aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1924, 1925, 1926j and 1927, 

by semiannual periods and months 31 

3. Net increase or decrease of population by admission and departure 

of aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, b}' countries. _ 33 

4. Net increase or decrease of population by admission and departure 

of aliens, by race or people, sex, and age periods 37 

5. Intended future permanent residence of aliens admitted and last 

permanent residence of aliens departed, by States and Territories. _ 38 

6. Occupations of aliens admitted and departed, by classes 39 

7. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, age, conjugal condition, 

money shown, who paid passage, and whom going to join 41 

8. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, sex, and age 43 

9. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, sex, and conjugal 

condition 45 

10. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, age, conjugal con- 
dition, money shown, who paid passage, and whom going to join.. 46 

m 



IV CONTENTS 

Table Pag^ 

11. Literacy condition of immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, 

and sex ' 50 

12. Literacy condition of nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by race or 

people, and sex 1 51 

13. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, age, conjugal condition, 

and length of residence in the United States 52 

14. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, sex, and age 53 

15. Emigrant aliens dej^arted, by race or people, sex, and conjugal con- 

dition 54 

16. Nonemigrant aliens departed, by race or people, age, conjugal con- 

dition, and length of residence in the United States 55 

17. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people, sex, 

age, conjugal condition, and length of residence in the United 
States 56 

18. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by race or people, sex, 

age, conjugal condition, and length of residence in the United 
States 57 

19. Aliens admitted and departed, and United States citizens perma- 

nently departed, by classes, age, sex, and conjugal condition 58 

20. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, and countries of last 

permanent residence 60 

21. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, and countries of in- 

tended future permanent residence 66 

22. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people, and 

countries of intended future permanent residence 72 

23. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by countries of intended 

future permanent residence, and race or people 75 

24. Immigrant aliens admitted, by States of intended future permanent 

residence and race or people 76 

25. Emigrant aliens departed, bj' States of last permanent residence and 

race or people __^ 80 

26. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by States of last per- 

manent residence and race or people 83 

27. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by States of last per- 

manent residence and race or people 85 

28. Immigrant aliens admitted, by States of intended future permanent 

residence and ports of entry 86 

29. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and race or people 90 

30. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and race or people 94 

31. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by occupations and race 

or people 98 

32. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by occupations and race 

or people 100 

33. Immigrant aliens admitted, by countries of last permanent residence 

and occupations 101 

34. Emigrant aliens departed, by countries of intended future permanent 

residence and occupations 108 

35. Immigrant aliens admitted, by States of intended future pernaanent 

residence and occupations 114 

36. Emigrant aliens departed, by States of last permanent residence and 

occupations 120 

37. Immigrant aliens admitted, by country of birth and race or people 126 

38. Immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens admitted, and emigrant and 

nonemigrant aliens departed, showing countries of last or intended 
future permanent residence, by sex 132 

39. Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, Januar}' 1, 1926, 

to June 30, 1927, by race or people and sex 134 

40. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, January 1, 

1926, to June 30, 1927, by race or people and sex 135 

r41. Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, January 1, 1926, 

to June 30, 1927, by race or people and sex 136 

42. Nonemigrant aliens departed during specified periods, January 1, 

1926, to June 30, 1927, by race or people and sex 137 

43. Immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens admitted by classes under the 

immigration act of 1924, with comparative per cents, as specified- _ 138 



.CONTENTS • V 

Table Page 

44. Aliens admitted under the immigration act of 1924, bj' classes and 

country or area of birth 139 

45. Aliens admitted under the immigration act of 1924, by classes and 

race or people 144 

46. Aliens charged to the quota, by nationality, under the immigration 

act of 1924, and admitted I 146 

47. Aliens debarred from entering the United States, by race or people, 

causes, and sex 148 

48. Aliens debarred from entering the United States, showing number 

rejected at the land border stations and at the seaports of entry, 

by causes and sex 152 

49. Permanent residents of contiguous foreign territory applying for 

temporary sojourn in the United States, refused admission, by 
causes 153 

50. Aliens deported (under warrant proceedings) after entering the 

United States, by race or people, and causes 154 

51. Aliens deported (under warrant proceedings) after entering the 

United States, by race or people, and countries to which deported. _ 158 

52. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, show- 

ing sex, age, class of defect, and disposition, by race or people 162 

53. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, 

showing sex, age, class of defect, and disposition, by disease or defect 164 

54. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, show- 

ing organ or portion of body affected, by disease or defect 166 

55. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, by 

disease or defect, and race or people 168 

56. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, 

showing organ or portion of body affected, by race or people 172 

57. Appeals from decisions under immigration law, applications for 

admission on bond without appeal, applications for hospital 
treatment, and applications for transit, by causes 176 

58. Appeals from decisions under immigration law, applications for 

admission on bond without appeal, applications for hospital 
treatment, and applications for transit, by ports 177 

59. Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, by 

race or people 178 

60. Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, by 

ports 178 

61. Alien seamen deserted, ordered held on board vessel, escaped, 

removed from vessel, certified for contagious disease, and re- 
moved to hospital for treatment, as specified, by districts 179 

62. Vessels boarded and alien seamen examined by immigration officers 

and United States citizens serving as seamen on vessels boarded, 

by districts 179 

63. Comparison between alien arrivals and head-tax settlements 180 

64. Japanese aliens applied for admission, admitted, debarred, deported, 

and departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927 180 

65. Increase or decrease of Japanese population by alien admissions and 

departures, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by months. 181 

66. Occupations of Japanese aliens admitted and departed 182 

67. Miscellaneous Chinese transactions, by ports 182 

68. Aliens admitted to continental United States from insular United 

States, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1927, by ports 183 

69. Arrivals in and departures from the Philippine Islands, calendar year 

1926, by classes, as specified 183 

70. Aliens admitted to and aliens departed, debarred, and deported from 

the Philippine Islands, calendar year 1926, as specified 184 

COMPARATIVE STATISTICS 

71. Net increase of population, bv admission and departure of aliens, 

fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1927 185 

72. Net increase of population, bv admission and departure of aliens, 

calendar years 1918 to 1926 185 

73. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 

1927, by principal countries of last permanent residence 186 



VI CONTENTS 

Table Page 

74. Nonemigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 

1927, by principal countries of intended future permanent residence. 187 

75. United States citizens permanently departed, fiscal years ended 

June 30, 1918 to 1927, by principal countries of intended future 
permanent residence 187 

76. Immigration to the United States, 1820 to 1927, by years 188 

77. Immigration to the United States from northern and western Europe, 

southern and eastern Europe, Asia, Canada and Newfoundland, 
Mexico, West Indies, and other countries, during specified periods, 
1820 to 1927 190 

78. Immigration to the United States during specified periods, 1820 to 

1927, by countries 192 

79. Immigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1911 to 1927, 

by countries of last permanent residence 194 

80. Emigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1927, 

by countries of intended future permanent residence 197 

81. Immigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1899 to 1927, 

by race or people 200 

82. Emigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1927, 

by race or people 203 

83. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, showing 

comparative per cent of total, by race or people, fiscal years ended 

June 30, 1911 to 1927 205 

84. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, with excess 

admissions or departures and number departed for every 100 ad- 
mitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1916 to 1927, as specified, by 
country of last or intended future permanent residence 206 

85. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, with excess 

of admissions or departures and number departed for every 100 
admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1916 to 1927, as specified, by 
race or people 208 

86. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, with excess 

of admissions or departures and number departed for every 100 
admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1916 to 1927, as specified, by 
States of intended future or last permanent residence 210 

87. Immigrant aliens admitted, showing races most important numeri- 

cally destined to each State, fiscal years 1911 to 1927, inclusive 212 

88. Immigrant aliens admitted, with comparative per cent, by sex, 

fiscal years ended June 30, 1871 to 1927 213 

89. Emigrant aliens departed, with comparative per cent, by sex, fiscal 

years ended June 30, 1908 to 1927 214 

90. Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, fiscal years 

ended June 30, 1916 to 1927, by countries of last permanent 
residence and sex 215 

91. Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, fiscal years 

ended June 30, 1916 to 1927, by countries of intended future 
permanent residence and sex 216 

92. Comparative per cent of sex of immigrant aliens admitted and emi- 

grant aliens departed during specified periods, fiscal years ended 
June 30, 1916 to 1927, by countries of last or intended future per- 
manent residence 217 

93. Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, fiscal years ended 

June 30, 1916 to 1927, by race or people and sex 219 

94. Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, fiscal years ended 

June 30, 1916 to 1927, by race or people and sex 220 

95.1Comparative per cent of sex of immigrant aliens admitted and emi- 
grant aliens departed during specified periods, fiscal years ended 
June 30, 1916 to 1927, by race or people 221 

96. Immigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1911 to 1927, 

by occupational groups, and comparative per cent 223 

97. Emigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1911 to 1927, 

by occupational groups, and comparative per cent 224 

98. Alien applicants for admission to the United States, fiscal years ended 

June 30, 1911 to 1927, showing comparison of the number debarred 

at the seaports and at the land border ports, as specified 225 



CONTENTS Vn 

Table Page 

99. Alien applicants for admission to the United States by race or people, 
showing per cent of applicants of each race debarred from entering, 
fiscal years ended June 30, 1911 to 1927, as specified 226 

100. Aliens debarred from entering the United States, showing comparative 

per cent of total debarred, bv race or people, fiscal years ended 

June 30, 1911 to 1927, as specified 228 

101. Aliens debarred and deported, by causes, 1892 to 1927 230 

102. Aliens deported from the United States after landing, showing com- 

parative per cent of total deported, by race or people, fiscal years 
ended June 30, 1911 to 1927, as specified 232 

103. Deserting alien seamen reported, fiscal years ended June 30, 1907 to 

1927, by ports or districts 234 

104. Stowaways, found on board vessels arriving at ports of the United 

States, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1927, by ports 236 



REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Department of Labor, 
Bureau of Immigration, 

Washington, June SO, 1927. 
Hon. James J. Davis, 

Secretary of Labor. 

Sir: In surveying the myriad activities and accomplishments of 
the immigration field and bureau forces for another year, the thought 
which comes uppermost in my mind is the tremendous volume and 
infinite variety of problems disposed of. Here is a governmental 
agency dealing with human beings — aliens arriving, aliens departing, 
and aliens in our midst; aliens who want to come but do not know 
how to go about it, aliens who want to leave bat are fearful of the 
possible consequences, aliens who, because of the fact that they were 
permitted to enter but temporarily, should leave, but do not want to 
do so. Merged with these are American citizens, near American 
citizens, alleged American citizens, persons of no nationality or dual 
nationality. The travel of American citizens in and out of our 
country and across our borders must be facilitated. Our officers 
must distinguish between them (naturalized or native-born) and 
aliens, with the least possible delay. The flow of humanity across 
our land borders alone aggregates in round numbers approximately 
100,000 daily, or 36,500,000 entrants annually. In the matter of 
aliens, in particular, there are no two cases alike in all of their 
circumstances. 

The law is designed broadly to classify, prescribe formulae, fix 
limits, prohibit, and enjoin, and while it is all admirably conceived, 
representing as it does the fruit of many years' study upon the 
part of the lawmakers and experience of administrators, it does not 
and, in the very nature of things, can not take cognizance of the 
individual and all the possible circumstances, combinations of cir- 
cumstances, and the limitless uncertainties inherent m human af- 
fairs — circumstances which may render two cases, identical perhaps 
as to law, utterly dissimilar in every other way and one of them 
needful of special consideration. In the view of every alien, and 
more frequently than not in the view of his relatives and friends, his 
case is exceptional; his case, it is reasoned, should therefore be de- 
cided differently from those of his fellows. The question is pre- 
sented, Why can not we set aside the law in just this one case? 
"Surely one alien more or less in or out of the country can not be 
vital to the maintenance of the immigration structure." Always, 
never ending, is the plea for special treatment and indulgence; not 
from one alien but from thousands upon thousands. Countless 



2 REPORT or THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

thousands of investigations have been made, countless thousands of 
letters have been painstakingly answered; sometimes as many as 
20 or 30 in an individual case. We must be patient; we must explain 
again and again that, much as we sympathize with the motives, 
desires, and needs expressed, we can not yield where yielding involves 
a vital principle. Were we to do otherwise, the barriers and safe- 
guards, which have been so painstakingly erected, would be speedily 
swept aside. 

The struggle for self-preservation is not, as many appear to believe, 
confined to aliens seeking to enter the country, nor to aliens who, 
having gained lodgment by unfair means, resist all efforts to dislodge 
them, but is shared by Americans and aliens alike who have a right 
to be and remain here in unimpaired enjoyment of the blessings 
which this country has to offer. Were we indefinitely and without 
limitation or discrimination to share these blessings with those who 
wish to come and whom we do not need and with the aliens already 
here who violate our hospitality, we would sooner or later be no 
better off than the supplicants; in short, we would eventually have 
no need of immigration laws, siace the inducements to come here 
would cease to exist. The welfare of the millions making up our own 
country must steadfastly be held paramount. It is not nearly so 
cruel, if cruelty it be, to reject the ones who threaten our well-being, 
as it would be to subject those ki our midst, who are healthy, happy, 
prosperous, and law-abiding, to the danger of unfair competition 
with its inevitable train of lowered living standards and other devital- 
izing processes. By every means withia our power we strive, in 
seekiag to effectuate the purposes of legislation, to avoid as well the 
causing of unnecessary suffering. By every means the bureau is 
seeking to emphasize and to impress upon our officers the need of the 
employment — along with firmness — of kiudness, courtesy, and con- 
sistent helpfulness in their every contact and relationship with the 
alien who seeks by fair and honest means to come to or remain in this 
country. In this respect it is felt that substantial progress has been 
made. 

In a survey of the more tangible and concrete accomplishments of 
the past year it is extremely difficult to say just which of the many 
stand out most prominently or which ones are of the greatest value. 
Perhaps ridding the country of over 26,000 aliens unlawfully here, 
despite an acute shortage of funds with which to carry on, might be 
regarded as the outstanding feature. It may be added parentheti- 
cally in this connection that heretofore in discussing this phase of the 
work of the Immigration Service, the figures given have had to do 
solely with those aliens removed from the country by means of formal 
deportation proceedings. An even larger number of undesirable 
aliens, aliens unlawfully here, have, upon investigation of their cases, 
expressed a preference to leave the country voluntarily rather than to 
leave it under writs of deportation. The figure given comprehends 
both classes. The continued development, by means of the immigra- 
tion border patrol, of safeguards along our land and some of our coast 
boundaries, to render abortive the efforts of aliens attempting sur- 
reptitiously to effect entry and lodgment in this country, is most 
gratifyiug. Over 12,000 such aliens were apprehended by this agency 
alone during the past year. The further development of the system 
of examination abroad of iutending immigrants by officers of the 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSION liE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 6 

Consular Service of the State Department, assisted by technical 
advisers of the Immigration Service, is the accomplishment, however, 
that affords keenest satisfaction. These matters and many others 
of more than passing interest and importance are hereinafter dis- 
cussed in more or less detail. The activities of the bureau and field 
forces of the Immigration Service are so numerous, diversified, and 
complex that to discuss them, as I would like to do, is impossible 
within the limits of a report of this character. Many of these are 
reflected in the tabulations which follow the text. For those who 
care to study them, they will be found eloquent of the magnitude of 
the work being carried on by the bureau and its field forces. These 
tabulations do not, however, tell the story of the thousands upon 
thousands of human problems met and solved, nor do they afford 
the slightest conception of the patient toil, integrity, pride, loyalty, 
and self-sacrificing devotion to duty of hundreds of employees by or 
through whose efforts the results recorded have been made possible, 
nor do they reflect the steady, consistent improvement both in the 
field and in the bureau that has generally characterized the law's 
administration during the period covered by this report. 

IMMIGRATION 

VOLUME— CHIEF SOURCES— ADMISSIONS— EEJECTIONS— DISTRIBUTION 

During the fiscal year covered by this report 538,001 aliens were 
admitted and 253,508 departed, resulting in an increase of 284,493 
in the alien population. In the fiscal year next preceding the net 
increase was 268,351, during which period 496,106 aliens were 
admitted and 227,755 departed. 

Of the 538,001 aliens admitted in the fiscal year just closed, 335,175 
were immigrants, or newcomers for permanent residence, and 202,826 
were nonimmigrants returning from a temporary sojourn abroad 
or coming here for a visit. Nearly three-fourths, or, to be exact, 
180,142 of the aliens wiio departed in the fiscal year just closed 
were nonemigrants, i. e., those who had previously come for a short 
stay and those who, having come for permanent residence, upon 
departing announced an intention of returning. The remaining 
73,366 aliens who departed during the year were emigrants leaving 
with the announced intention of residing permanently abroad. 

Nearly one-half of the immigrants admitted during the past year 
came from countries in the Western Hemisphere, with Canada and 
Mexico far in the lead. These two countries, with 81,506 and 67,721, 
respectively, contributed nearly 45 per cent of the total number of 
immigrants for the year. Europe sent us 168,368 immigrant aliens 
in the same period, Germany with 48,513 leading the list, followed 
by the Irish Free State with 28,054, and Great Britain with 23,669. 
Italy sent us 17,297 immigrants this past year, and the Scandinavian 
countries 16,860. All the other countries of Europe combined sent 
33,975. Compared with the figures for the previous year, Canadian 
immigration decreased 10.5 per cent, Mexican immigration increased 
56.3 per cent, and European immigration increased 8.2 per cent. 
The priQcipal contributions of the immigrant class considered racially 
were as follows: Mexican, 66,766; German, 56,587; Irish, 44,726; 
English, 40,165; Scotch, 25,544; French, 19,313; Scandinavian, 
19,235; Italian, 18,529; and Hebrew, 11,483. 



4 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Less than one-sixth of the immigrants of the past year were chil- 
dren, 51,689 being under 16 years of age, while 254,574 ranged from 
16 to 44 years, and 28,912 were 45 years of age or over. 

The male immigrants nmnbered 194,163, the female 141,012. 
However, a nmnber of countries furnished more females than males, 
conspicuously Greece, with 573 males and 1,516 females. Other 
countries the female immigrants from which exceeded the male 
were Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, 
Polandj Rumania, Russia, Turkey, and Yugoslavia. The excess of 
females over males from these countries consisted mostly of the alien 
wives of United States citizens. 

An interesting and, it may be said, wholly unexpected situation, 
and withal a thoroughly wholesome one, has developed from the 
present quota system as revealed by the figures showing distribu- 
tion, by States, of quota immigrants. The newcomers are spreading 
more evenly throughout the country than before. No longer is 
there the same concentration of the flow to the congested centers of 
population of the East; on the contrary, there is a marked drift to 
the Central West and to the States beyond the Rockies. However, 
the State of New York still leads all others as the settling ground of 
the present-day immigration, although its overwhelming lead of 
prequota years has been lost. This situation is partially reflected 
in the following figures: During the last fiscal year there were 87,864 
immigrant aliens admitted who gave the Empire State as their 
destination, while 32,363 from that State were recorded as emigrat- 
ing, a net gain of but 55,501, a figure in sharp contrast with those 
representing New York's gains in the years before the World War. 
Massachusetts received 25,907 and lost 5,900, a net gain of 20,007. 
Michigan received 28,104 and lost 3,128, a net gain of 24,976. Texas, 
a distinctly agricultural State, received 43,139 and lost but 1,467, a 
net gain of 41,672. Of the Pacific Coast States, California received 
26,029 and lost 4,954, a net gain of 21,075. Washington received 
5,440 and lost 1,085, a net gain of 4,355. The Southern States, as 
usual, gained but little by immigration, Florida receiving the largest 
number, 2,512 going to that State and 1,360 leaving, a net gain of 
1,152. South Carolina received the fewest of all, 56, and lost 9, a 
net gain of 47. 

If the amount of money per capita exhibited by immigrants upon 
arrival may be regarded as any index to their relative economic value, 
racially considered, the Pacific Islander came first, followed in the 
order named by the Welsh, Spanish American, East Indian, English, 
Spanish, French, Scotch, and Dutch. Immigrants of these races 
admitted during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1927, were recorded 
as bringmg an average of $97 each. 

A total of 15,809 aliens "ineligible to citizenship'' were admitted 
during the fiscal year 1927, mainly as returning residents, visitors, or 
transits. Of this number there were 8,305 Chinese, 218 East Indians, 
7,177 Japanese, 90 Koreans, and 19 Pacific Islanders. 

The total recorded number of aliens of all classes admitted at 
Canadian borderland ports during the fiscal year, including those 
coming initially for permanent residence and those returning for 
permanent residence after more than six months' absence, was 
95,420. Seventy-seven per cent, or 73,222, of these were born in 
Canada and the bulk of them came in under the act of 1924 as natives 



REPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 5 

of that country. Of the remainder, 19,938 were born in Europe, 
being mostly quota immigrants; 1,186 were born in Newfoundland, 
376 in Asia, 346 in Australia and New Zealand, and 352 in other 
countries. Aliens of the same statistical status admitted during the 
same period at Mexican borderland ports numbered 81,539; prac- 
tically all of these (over 96 per cent) were natives of Mexico. 

There is a continuous exodus of aliens to Europe, particularly to 
the southern and eastern sections. During the past year 33 emigrant 
aliens returned to Europe for every 100 immigrants admitted from 
that continent, but considered as a separate group the emigration to 
Finland Greece, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Yugoslavia 
was greater by 5,879 than the immigration therefrom. 

During the year 19,755 aliens were barred from entering the 
United States, this being the lowest number for any year since the 
present quota law went into effect. Of this number only 3,111 were 
rejected at the seaports of entry while 16,644 were turned back at ports 
of entry along the land border. At New York, our principal sea- 
port, and where the bulk of the unmigration from overseas con- 
tinues to land, 299,112 aliens sought admission during the year, of 
whom 1,319 were barred, or less than 5 out of every 1,000 applicants. 
The majority of these rejected were stowaways and seamen seeking 
lodgment in the United States without first having obtained visas 
from American consuls. At the same port during the flood tide of 
immigration before the World War, when no quota restrictions were 
in effect, nor any prefiltering by United States officers in Europe, 
the ratio of rejections was over 16 for every 1,000 applicants. 

Alien stowaways discovered on board of vessels arriving at United 
States ports during the fiscal year just closed numbered 1,906, and 
alien seamen to the number of 23,447 deserted their ships. This is 
an increase of both classes as compared with the previous fiscal year, 
when 1,789 stowaways and 18,456 deserting seamen were reported. 
The restrictive force of the present immigration laws may best be 
realized by comparing the total number of immigrants received during 
the past fiscal year with one of six years prior to the World War when 
immigration passed the million mark. A considerably larger number 
of aliens then came from certain individual countries than now come 
from all Europe. In the year 1913, when immigration reached the 
total of 1,197,892, the former Russian Empire contributed 291,040 
immigrants to this country, and during the same year 265,542 came 
from Italy, while 254,825 came from Austria-Hungary. In the 
fiscal year 1927 only 168,368 unmigrant aliens were admitted from 
all European countries. 

MEXICAN IMMIGRATION 

The total Mexican immigration to the United States during the 
fiscal year ended June 30, 1927, was 80,639, comprising 66,766 immi- 
grant aliens, or newcomers for permanent residence in this country, 
and 13,873 nonimmigrants, aliens of the temporary class, either 
coming for a visit of less than a year or returning after a short absence 
from the United States. During the same period, 10,954 Mexican 
aliens were recorded as leaving the United States, practically all 
going to Mexico, 2,774 bemg of the emigrant class and 8,180 of the 
nonemigrant class. The net addition of this race to the alien popu- 



6 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

lation of the United States for the year just ended was 69,685. This 
is 15,237 more than for the fiscal year 1926 and 24,667 more than for 
the year 1925, but 32,530, or 31.8 per cent, less than the excess for 
the fiscal year 1924, the peak year for admission of Mexicans, a total 
of 105,787 ahens of this race having been admitted that year and 
only 3,572 departed. 

While the real immigration of Mexicans — immigrant aliens — 
during the fiscal year 1927 exceeded that of the preceding year by 
24,128 and that of the year 1925 by 34,388, it was 20,882, or 23.3 
per cent, below the high-water mark for arriving Mexicans reached 
in the year 1924. The nmnber of Mexican immigrant aliens ad- 
mitted during these four years was 66,766 in 1927, 42,638 in 1926, 
32,378 in 1925, and 87,648 in 1924. The abrupt drop in the number 
of immigrants in 1925 was undoubtedly due, very largely, if not 
entirely, to the fact that it was the first year following the adoption 
of the visa requirement and visa fee of $10. 

The immigration statistics also show that the bulk of the Mexican 
immigrants admitted are adults, 41,475, or 62.1 per cent of the total 
admitted, being over 21 years of age and three-fourths (31,159) of 
these were males. The ratio of all minors and adult females to adult 
males is approximately 5 to 4. As to the sex, age, and conjugal 
condition of these Mexican immigrants, 48,107 are males and 18,659 
females; 10,304 are under 16 years of age, 14,987 are from 16 to 21 
years old, 22,010 from 22 to 29 years, 9,723 from 30 to 37 years, 
4,906 from 38 to 44 years, and 4,836 are 45 years of age or over. 
The male single numbered 27,558 and the female single 9,113; the 
male married, 19,783, and the female married, 7,622; the male 
widowed, 751, and female 1,903. There were 15 male and 21 female 
divorced. 

Only one Mexican out of every three was going to join his imme- 
diate family or other relative already established in the United States, 
and in addition the male married were nearly three times the nimiber 
of female married. These facts indicate, as did the figures for the 
previous ye&r (1926), that many of the Mexican wage earners are 
coming alone, leaving their families in Mexico. 

Of the 66,766 Mexican immigrants admitted in the fiscal year 1927, 
the unskilled workers predominate, 33,832 giving their occupation as 
that of common laborer, 1,615 as farm laborer, and 1,376 as servant. 
The professional class numbered only 988, the teachers leading the 
list with 320, followed by the clergy with 189 and musicians with 159. 
There were 4,722 recorded as skilled workers of various kinds and 
1,491 as of the rniscellaneous classes, while 22,742 were listed as 
having no occupation — mainly women and children. 

With few exceptions, all the aliens coming from south of the Rio 
Grande are of the Mexican race and all the Mexicans admitted are 
natives of Mexico. During the fiscal year 1927 a total of 81,722 
aliens, born in Mexico, were admitted to the United States, and of 
this number 77,155 entered the country under section 4 (c) of the 
immigration act of 1924. Of the 80,639 Mexican aliens admitted 
during the past year, 80,499 were natives of Mexico and 76,657 
entered the United States under section 4 (c) of the act. If the 
quota limitations applied to Mexico her annual allotment, based on 
2 per cent- of the 77,853 natives of Mexico in this country in 1890, 
would be 1,557. 



KEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGEATIOX 7 

Aliens of the Mexican race debarred from entering; the United 
States during the fiscal year 1927 numbered 1,794 (1,165 male and 
629 female). The principal causes for these rejections were: With- 
out immigration visa (1,356), likely to become a public charge (206), 
mentally or physically defective (75), unable to read — over 16 years 
of age— (64), and criminal and immoral classes (44). In the same 
year, 2,701 Mexicans were deported under warrant proceedings after 
entering the United States, practically all having been returned to 
Mexico via the land border. 

In the fiscal year 1927 a total of 2,774 emigrant aliens of the 
Mexican race left the United States to make their future homes in 
some foreign country, mainlj^ Mexico; or about 4 Mexican emigrants 
having been recorded as permanently departed for every 100 Mexican 
immigrants admitted during the year. The bulk of these departures 
were recent arrivals in the United States, 2,006 of the Mexican 
emigrants leaving during the year 1927 having made their permanent 
residence in this country from 1 to 5 years and 2,431 not over 10 
years, while 191 had been here from 10 to 15 years, 96 from 15 to 
20 years, 28 from 20 to 25 years, and 28 had resided here continuously 
for over 25 years. Of the Mexican emigrants leaving last year, 
1,978 were males and 796 females; 1,652 were recorded as single, 
974 as married, 146 as widowed, and 2 as divorced. The number 
giving their ages as under 16 years numbered 307; 2,255 were in the 
prime of life, from 16 to 44 years of age, and 212 were 45 years of age 
or over. 

In last year's annual report reference was made to the fact that 
486,418 persons born in Mexico were resident of the United States 
as shown by the census of 1920; that since then the net increase of 
Mexicans though immigration was 369,480, making a grand total 
of 855,898 Mexicans then in the United States, to say nothing of the 
number of such aliens who presumably have entered since 1920 
through other than the regular channels. The estimate then made 
of a resident population of over 1,000,000 Mexican aliens is believed 
to understate the situation rather than overstate it. 

The following table showing persons in the United States and 
specified cities reported as born in Mexico — as shown by the census 
reports from 1850 to 1920 — is interesting in this connection: 



Area 


1920 


1910 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 


United States 


486, 418 


221, 915 


103, 393 


77, 853 


68, 399 


42,435 


27,466 


12,317 








1,224 

439 

28 

1,920 
746 
217 

1,884 


188 

J80 
17 

233 
23 
44 

139 


102 

76 
8 
24 

I 
19 


64 
62 
10 
15 
4 
4 


24 

46 

7 

6 
















Pittsburgh 








Kansas Citv, Mo 
















Salt Lake City 










Pueblo 





















THE QUOTA LAW 

As indicated by what has preceded, the present quota law, coupled 
with preinspection abroad, accomplishes, with a minimum of hard- 
ship and complaint, even more than its most ardent proponents 
expected of it. 



8 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

The State Department exercises exclusive jurisdiction abroad in 
determining who shall be granted visas to come to this country and 
the work of its representatives is characterized by the utmost fairness 
to all applicants. The aliens here no less than those resident in the 
Old World, have come to have an understanding of its essentials. 
It is humane, it is just, it is definite, and all with a proper regard for 
the assimilative capacity of our own country. It is not, however, 
selective in the sense that it permits us to take or even invite those 
whom we particularly prefer or need when we prefer or need them, 
but it does permit of a sane, deliberate preliminary filtering abroad 
of candidate immigrants, a separation of the specifically proscribed 
from those not specifically inhibited by law — all unaccompanied by 
the hysteria of complamt and criticism that characterized the old 
system of unlimited immigration. In other words, while we can not 
say who shall apply nor whom we prefer or need, yet to those who do 
present themselves to our consuls abroad we are afforded an oppor- 
tunity to say, as to any individual, "You are specifically disqualified 
by certam provisions of our laws and we can not give you a visa." 
The point which it is desired particularly to emphasize would per- 
haps best be made clear by an illustration. Let us suppose that the 
quota of a particular country were approaching exhaustion and there 
were a long waiting list of candidates of that nationality. Taking the 
candidates in their order, as obviously the officers must if there is 
to be perfect fairness, a prospective shoestring peddler destined to 
New York is up for examination; he has sufficient funds; he meets 
the physical requirements; nothing against his character is developed. 
In the Ime somewhere behind him is a quarryman destined to Barre, 
Vt.; he also has sufficient funds; he meets the physical requirements; 
there is nothing against him; but the quota is exhausted before he 
can be reached. We do not need the shoestring peddler; we need 
the quarryman; but the shoestring peddler "wins." This "first come 
first served" process which permits economic undesirables to get 
within reach on the current limited waiting lists and to crowd out 
many economic desirables is faulty, but even with its faults it is 
infinitely better than the old haphazard one, when the volume of the 
flood was regulated by the capacity of shipbuilders to build ships 
in which to carry immigrants, the lines to buy them, and Ellis Island 
to accommodate the human cargoes. 

NATIONAL ORIGIN 

Section 11 (a) of the immigration act of 1924, known as the quota 
act, provides that the annual quota of any nationality shall be 2 
per centum of the number of foreign-born individuals of such nation- 
ality resident in continental United States as determined by the 
United States census of 1890, but the minimum quota of any nation- 
ality shall be 100. This basis of computation is an excellent one. 
The volume and general quality of immigration resulting therefrom 
is more satisfactory than the quantity and quality of any immigra- 
tion received in the three decades prior to 1921. This basis certainly 
should not be tampered with. 

In the same section of the same act, paragraph b, there is a provi- 
sion that the annual quota of any nationality for the fiscal year begin- 
ning July 1, 1927, and for each fiscal year thereafter, shall be a number 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 9 

which bears the same ratio to 150,000 as the number of inhabitants 
in continental United States in 1920 having that national origin 
(ascertained as hereinafter provided in this section) bears to the nmn- 
ber of inhabitants in continental United States in 1920; but the mini- 
mum quota of any nationality shall be 100. This is loiown as the 
national-origin plan. It did not go into effect on July 1, 1927. 
The Congress by special and independent action during the last session 
postponed the operative date of this plan for one year. 

FOREIGN SERVICE 

The annual report of last year contained comment on the gratifying 
situation resulting from the examination abroad by American consuls, 
assisted by technical advisers of the Immigration Service, of intending 
immigrants. The year just closed is the third since the examination 
abroad was inaugurated and the second during which technical 
advisers of this service have been attached to the American consulates. 

During the past fiscal year, at the request of the Governments 
du-ectly concerned, technical advisers have been assigned to our con- 
sulates in Italy and Czechoslovalda. 

A technical adviser is now assigned to each of the following European 
cities: Antwerp, Belgium ; Belfast, Ireland; Bergen, Norway; Berlin, 
Germany; Bremen, Germany; Cobh, Ireland; Copenhagen, Den- 
mark; Cologne, Germany; Dublm, Ireland; Genoa, Italy; Glasgow, 
Scotland; Gothenberg, Sweden; Hamburg, Germany; Liverpool, 
England; London, England (2) ; Naples, Italy; Oslo, Norway; Palermo, 
Italy; Prague, Czechoslovakia; Rotterdam, Holland; Southampton, 
England; Stockholm, Sweden; Stuttgart, Germany; and Warsaw, 
Poland; a total of 25 in all with one additional man for relief detail. 

Taking the arrivals at the port of New York as a basis, the records 
of the bureau show that in the three years prior to the inauguration of 
the foreign inspection service, that is to say the fiscal j^ears 1922, 
1923, and 1924, out of every 1,000 arrivals there were debarred 14, 
11, and 15, respectively. In the fiscal year 1925, the fu'st in which 
examination abroad occurred, 12 aliens per 1,000 were debarred upon 
reaching the LTnited States, and during the fiscal years 1926 and 1927, 
following the assignment abroad of technical advisers of the Immi- 
gration Service, the ratio of those debarred to each 1,000 aliens arriv- 
ing dropped to 6 and 4, respectively. The ratios given are based 
upon all aliens applying at New York for admission regardless of 
country of origin and regardless of whether they came from countries 
to which technical advisers had been assigned. The bureau's records 
show that, as to aliens arriving at New York from countries to which 
technical advisers have been assigned, the ratio of debarred is less than 
1 to each 1,000 arrivals. 

The figures quoted speak more eloquently than anything else could 
of the success of the system. 

It is reasonable to hope and believe that as the system develops 
hardships attendant upon exclusion of unmigrants at our ports will 
become practically nonexistent. 

The system where it has been placed in operation has practically 

eliminated cases of hardship at ports of the United States and has 

proved also a distinct financial benefit not only to those who have 

migrated to this country but to those others as well who might other- 

66175—27 2 



10 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

wise have undertaken a fruitless journey. The wonderful success 
of this system is due in a very substantial measure to the splendid 
cooperation of the American consular officers, officers of the Public 
Health Service, and technical advisers of the Immigration Service. 

DEPORTATIONS (EXPULSIONS) 

Kidding the country of undesirable aliens found to be unlawfully 
therein continues to be one of the most important functions of the 
Immigration Service. During the fiscal year covered by this report 
12,055 aliens were disposed of through, or by means of, the institu- 
tion of deportation proceedings. Of this number 7,249 were deported 
at the expense exclusively of the immigration appropriation; 1,504 
aliens were deported in which cases the steamship fines responsible 
for their introduction into this country were held liable for the cost 
of the ocean voyage; 1,638 were permitted to ship one way foreign 
as members of crews of departing vessels, and 1,664 were permitted 
voluntarily to depart at their own expense. 

Of the 12,055 afiens mentioned, approximately 4,700 were returned 
to Europe, 3,000 to Canada, 3,055 to Mexico, and 600 to other 
countries in the Western Hemisphere. Approximately 600 deportees 
were sent to Asia, and 100 to Africa, Australia, and the Pacific 
islands. 

The total number of undesirables whose removal from the country 
was brought about in the manner above indicated exceeds that for 
the previous fiscal year by approximately 1,151, and establishes a new 
high record for the service, notwithstanding the fact that the absence 
of_ sufficient funds with which to "carry on," resulting from the 
failure of the second deficiency bifi to pass in the last session of Con- 
gress, necessitated a sharp curtailment diu-ing the last quarter of the 
fiscal year of all activities designed to rid the country of undesirable 
afiens unlawfully here. 

At this juncture it may be timely to mention the fact that when 
Congress adjourned on March 4 last, there were awaiting deportation 
over 7,000 undesirable aliens of various classes and nationalities in 
respect of whom warrants of deportation had issued, but owing to the 
threatened deficit only 3,410 of them were subsequently deported, 
and, with the aliens arrested subsequent to March 4, the close of the 
year found fully 7,000 throughout the country awaiting deportation. 
Of this number about 2,500 were at large on bond or upon their own 
recognizance, about 2,200 were in detention at the expense of the 
Government, and about 2,300 were in detention in institutions at the 
expense of various States and municipalities. 

Ninety- two deportation parties were moved during the year. 
These group movements saved many thousands of dollars. 

With respect to the aliens permitted to reship one way foreign as 
a compUance with orders of deportation, statistics showing those who 
were experienced seamen (or who had made at least one previous 
voyage as a member of the crew of some vessel) and those who had 
no such previous experience have been maintained only since Jan- 
uary, 1927. It is interesting to note, however, even from these 
meager data that of the 587 deportees who were permitted to leave 
the United States in the manner indicated between January 1 and 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



11 



June 30, 554 had had some previous experience as seamen, while 
33 were without experience. 

In addition to the foregoing there were approximately 14,619 
aliens subject to deportation (in respect of whom formal removal 
proceedings were not initiated) who were permitted voluntarily to 
depart. 

Summary 





Number of 
aliens 


Savings to appropriation 


Warrant proceedings instituted: 

Deported at expense of immigration appro- 


7,249 

1,504 

1,638 

1,271 
393 




Doported (ocean voyage at expense of steam- 




Permitted to ship foreign one way as a com- 
pliance with warrant of deportation .. 

Departed — paying own passage — as a compli- 


At $100 per capita... $1G3, 800 
At $100 per capita... 127,100 




At $20 per capita 7,860 






Total --- 


12, 055 

165 

939 

13, 515 


$298,760 


Subject to deportation; voluntarily departed; 
warrant proceedings not instituted: 


At $100 per capita... 16, 500 


Paid own passage 


At $100 per capita... 93. 900 


Departed for foreigh contiguous territory 


At $20 per capita 270, 300 


Total 


14, 619 


380.700 








26, 674 


679,460 







1 Warrants of deportation not issued. 

ALIEN INMATES OF PENAL INSTITUTIONS, INSANE ASYLUMS, 
HOSPITALS, AND POORHOUSES 

During the month of January, 1927, a survey was made of insti- 
tutions of the character indicated in the caption hereof situated 
within continental United States, Alaska, Honolulu, and Porto Kico, 
to determine the number of alien imnates in such institutions. 
Prisons, penitentiaries and jails were found to contain 45,193; 
insane asylums and other institutions for the care of such cases 
were found to contain 37,470; hospitals and sanitaria were found 
to contain 14,383; and poorhouses 16,059; a total of 113,105. 

The economic loss represented by these figures is appalling. ^ Each 
alien considered economically is less than zero; he is a distinct 
liability. The amount of money expended annually to support these 
aliens would equip and maintain a fair-sized standing army. 

REENTRY PERMITS (INCLUDING CHINESE) 

During the fiscal year just closed 112,254 applications for reentry 
permits were received and considered, of which 102,195 were granted 
and 5,840 were denied, leaving 4,219 pending at the end of the year. 
Applications for the extension of the life of permits issued were granted 
in 9,110 cases. A fee of $3 is charged for each permit or extension 
thereof granted. The total income from these sources was $333,915, 
which sum was covered into the Treasury, representing an excess 
of $7,815 collected as compared with the previous fiscal year, due 



12 REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 

entirely to an increase in the number of extensions applied for and 
granted. 

With the close of the fiscal year covered by this report the reentry 
permit system has been in operation three years. During this 
period there have come to light 88 cases in which aliens have fraudu- 
lently obtained admission to the United States on permits issued to 
other persons, by substitution of photographs on the permits. Some 
time since steps were taken to render this sort of fraud practically 
impossible in the future. During the same period 66 cases came to 
light in which reentry permits, counterfeit in their entirety, were 
used by aliens in an effort to gain admission. Twenty-two succeeded. 
Since the new regulation went into effect on July 9, 1926, requiring 
that aliens be identified by immigration officers prior to departure 
and before receiving permits, there has been but one case discovered 
in which an alien has attempted a substitution of the photograph 
on a bona fide permit. He was apprehended at the port of entry and 
excluded. The counterfeiting of reentry permits in their entirety 
has also been rendered extremely difficult by the adoption of a new 
style of form, since the introduction of which no counterfeit has come 
to light. 

The use of reentry permits upon the part of aliens lawfully admitted 
for permanent residence (desiring to proceed abroad temporarily) 
in order to obviate the necessity of providing themselves with non- 
quoto visas, will doubtless grow as the advantages arising from 
their use become more widely known. Contrary to a popular mis- 
apprehension (formerly quite widespread but fortunately steadily 
diminishing) these reentry permits do not insure the readmission 
of their holders. Any alien returning with a reentry permit after a 
temporary absence abroad is subject to full inspection under the 
immigration laws, and, if found for any cause thereunder to be in- 
admissible, he must be excluded. In short, the reentry permit is 
merely an instrument by means of which the holder is enabled upon 
return to the United States to identify himself as one who has been 
previously lawfully admitted for permanent residence, and one who, 
if otherwise admissible, will be permitted to reenter without other 
documents. 

VISA PETITIONS 

During the past fiscal year 34,169 petitions were filed by American 
citizens for the issuance of nonquota visas in behalf of wives and 
unmarried children under 18 years, and for preferential status in the 
issuance of quota visas for children between the ages of 18 and 21 
years, parents, and husbands, an increase of approximately 10,300 
over the preceding year. Of this number 27,623 were approved and 
3,203 rejected, the remainder, for one reason or another, not being 
perfected. 

Petitions for nonquota visas in respect of 25,500 individuals were 
approved, and for preferential status in respect of 13,543 individuals, 
a total of 39,043 persons. Of this total 16,256 were Italians, 7,079 
were Poles, 1,811 were Greeks, and 1,710 were natives of Czechoslo- 
vakia. 

Early in October a most pronounced increase was noted in the 
number of petitions ffied. This fact is not lacking in significance 
when consideration is given to the fact that 2 years and 90 days had 



REPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONEH GENEJElAIi OF IMMIGEATION 13 

then elapsed since the effective date of the immigration act of 1924, 
or approximately the period of time which would have to intervene 
between the filing of a declaration of intention to become a citizen 
and the receipt, in the ordinary course of business, of a final natural- 
ization certificate. Approximately 75 per cent of the petitions 
Teceived during the year were filed by persons whose naturalization 
had occurred at a comparatively recent date. These facts, together 
with those set forth in the paragraph immediately preceding con- 
sidered collectively, might not unreasonably lead to the conclusion 
that natives of certain countries are not altogether uninfluenced in 
procuring naturalization by consideration of the advantages such a 
course of action affords them in securing the admission to the United 
States of close relatives. 

IMMIGRANT STUDENTS 

During the fiscal year 1925, 1,462 aliens were admitted to the 
United States as nonquota immigrant students in accordance with 
the provisions of section 4 (e) of the immigration act of 1924. Dur- 
ing the fiscal year 1926, 1,920 were so admitted, and during the past 
fiscal year, 1,833 were admitted, making a total of 5,215 for the entire 
period since the student provision went into effect. Of this total, 
1,085 have completed their studies and left the United States, and 
135 warrants of arrest, with deportation in view, have been issued 
in respect to admitted students who have failed to comply with the 
law's requirements. 

During the year just closed 128 schools have received full approval 
as institutions of learning for immigrant students, making the total 
number to date so approved 1,034. In many cases, upon the recom- 
mendation of American consuls abroad, approval has been given to 
a school in respect of an individual student only. 

Considerable difficulty has been experienced in respect to stu- 
dents who have entered the country without being qualified to enter 
classes conducted in the English language. During March of the 
past fiscal year each accredited school was advised that in the future 
a certificate of admission must state positivel}^ whether the school 
could accept non-English-speaking students. The State Depart- 
ment then advised consular officers abroad that if an applicant for a 
nonquota student visa could not speak and understand English 
easily and the school had not stated it could accept a non-English- 
speaking student, further investigation should be made before a visa 
issued. Although the time has been too short for any marked results 
from this action, it is believed that the difficulty referred to will be 
largely corrected. 

ALIEN SEAMEN 

Throughout the history of immigration legislation bona fide alien 
seamen have occupied a favored position. Privileges have been 
extended to them accorded to no other class. They come and go 
practically at will; they are free to desert their vessels without preju- 
dice so far as the immigration laws are concerned. About the only 
restrictions imposed upon them are that they shall not be carriers of 
disease, or, if HI, that they shall be removed to a hospital until cured 
•or taken back if not readily curable. The sailor is indeed a privileged 



14 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

character among aliens. Considerations of international trade, 
comity, and amity have thrown a protecting mantle about him and 
set him apart as a man whose liberty of action is not to be lightly 
abridged. The theory is sound, unassailable; it has persisted 
throughout the ages and among all civilized and some semicivilized 
countries. In short, the alien seamen has been an ambassador of 
trade and good will, enjoj^ing prerogatives in keeping with his calling 
far beyond those possessed by the landsmen. This is as it should be. 
But unfortunately, with the gradual development in this country of 
stricter immigration policies, a horde of pretenders has arisen to 
usurp the seaman's time-honored position. The bona fide seaman or 
crewman of to-day is not, generally speaking, a sailorman; he is 
literally what his name implies, a man of the sea — no more no less. 
With the advent of steam his job underwent a tremendous change. 
No longer is it necessary that all seamen shall serve an apprentice- 
ship — become skilled m seamanship. Many so-called seamen are 
coal passers, cooks, waiters, laborers. The latter need but be fairly 
strong and willing to work. Commerce of the seas has become 
prosaic and little, if any, more hazardous than the factory. 

Many aliens, unable to enter our country as immigrants, are 
"signing on" as seamen with ships bound for this country. They 
need not necessarily have had previous experience as seamen, and 
certainly none as saiiormen. They accept eagerly whatever is 
offered in the way of wages. What difference do wages make? 
They will desert upon reaching America anyway, without even 
claiming their pay; or, if signed on one way, they will simply claim 
their pay and announce to the immigrant inspector an intention to 
ship out on another vessel, and, unless the officer divines their true 
intentions, they will go ashore with the rest of the crew. Once 
ashore the immigration law permits any seaman to look about for 
another ship out. What is easier or simpler if one wants to stay in 
America? Thus reasons the pretender, and quite correctly. There 
is no doubt that the number of aliens who thus gain lodgment is 
steadily increasing. W^e can not deny the bona fide alien seaman 
the right to come ashore and look for another berth foreign bound. 
We can not penalize him for deserting his ship. What are we to do 
with the pretender — the alien seaman so-called, who "signs on" 
abroad with no other thought than to remain here once he gets in? 
We have wrestled with the problem for years. No legislative meas- 
ure yet devised has proved an effective remedy, and the situation 
yearly becomes more acute. Our quota laws limit the number of 
bona fide immigrants who may come, but not the number of immi- 
grants in the guise of seamen. We are gradually developing safe- 
guards against the surreptitious entry of aliens along our land borders, 
but our seaports are wide open to fictitious seamen. This is no less 
true of the Asiatic than of the other races. With the adoption of a 
system of percentage restrictions upon immigration the incentive to 
evade, dissemble, and deceive has nowhere been more apparent. 

There may be other and better remedies for this steadily growing 
menace than to compel vessels bringing alien seamen to our shores 
to take out an equal number when leaving, but, if so, we have so far 
sought for it in vain. Such a law would place responsibility directly 
where it belongs — on the ship. I believe it would quickly discourage 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 15 

the practice now so prevalent of overmanning ships in foreign ports 
with nondescripts whose one and only interest in securing a berth 
is the opportunity it affords to secure a foothold in the United States. 

BOOTLEGGING OF ALIENS 

Since the placmg on the statute books of restrictive legislation and 
as a consequence of more recent numerical limitation of immigration, 
the bootlegging of aliens — a lucratively attractive field of endeavor 
for the lawlessly inclined — has grown to be an industry second in 
importance only to the bootlegging of liquor. In fact the two not 
infrequently go hand m hand. The bootlegger of liquor is versatile; 
expediency and profit are his chief, if not only, concern. Is money 
lackmg for investment m liquor? — then a load of aliens. Handling 
the latter necessitates no cash outlay; in fact, it means ready money, 
cash in hand, before the start is made, with more to follow upon 
delivery at destination. The retainer is frequently in proportion to 
the ability of the alien to pay and the hazards involved, but mainly 
his ability to pay. True, this elastic schedule does not so fully obtain 
among the better organized and more reputable bootleggers. The 
rates of the latter are fixed. "Take it or leave it" is their rule — no cutting 
of price ; but, on the other hand, the more reputable bootlegger will not 
abandon his cargo at an isolated spot a few miles inland upon the pretext 
of going to some filling station to replenish his supply of gasoline or to 
secure food. Nor will he, abandoning all pretense, hold up his charges at 
the point of a gun and strip them of theii* last penn3^ Such methods 
are left to the freebooters of the industry, men who do not value their 
reputations. The bootlegger of aliens is more frequently than not 
an alien himself. If he deals fairly, he builds up a good thriving 
business, and his prestige grows, particularly among his own country- 
men. But the candidate for unofficial entry who is without sufficient 
funds to employ this high-grade talent must resort to the price cutter 
and trust that he will not be betrayed. The credulous ones take an 
awful risk, but the lot of the fellow who embarks upon the venture 
alone and wholly unaided is indeed a hard one, if not hopeless, unless, 
of course, he has selected as his objective a populous center in the 
promised land close to the border, where he can quickly lose his 
identity among the resident population. 

Cuba and the Bahama Islands continue to be relay stations or 
bases from which entry to Florida is sought by the proscribed alien, 
but with the continued strengthening of the immigration border 
patrol in that section, the latter does not enjoy the same popularity 
among the smuggling fraternity as formerly. 

Our land frontiers, especially in the neighborhood of cities and 
towns of any size, and particularly industrial centers, continue to 
offer an enticing prospect to the alien bent upon breaking into our 
country. As shown elsewhere in this report under the heading 
"Border patrol," over 12,000 such aliens were apprehended by officers 
of that arm of the Immigration Service; in addition to which over 
1,400 were turned back and directed to proper channels. 

The methods employed by professional smugglers are continually 
changing. It is a war of wits between the smugglers and the patrol. 
The effectiveness of the latter is proportionate to its mobility, scouting 
radius, absence of fixed formula, and the number of men engaged. 



16 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Finding his way into this country unchallenged in the air, the boot- 
legger of aliens is more and more frequently going aloft. This is a 
condition that threatens to grow rapidly and soon to get out of hand 
unless ways and means to combat it are supplied in the no distant 
future. An ounce of prevention will be worth a pound of cure in the 
way of subsequent deportation. A few planes and trained fliers now 
will go a long way toward putting a quietus on this new and threatening 
development in the smuggling game, but allowed to grow unchecked, 
indefinitely, it will, it is feared, prove all but impossible of eradication 
without the outlay of tremendous sums of money. 

The bootlegged alien is by all odds the least desirable. Whatever 
else may be said of him: Whether he be diseased or not, whether he 
holds views inimical to our institutions, he at best is a law violator 
from the outset and one whose entrance should be prevented if possible 
rather than merely penalized by deportation. 

BORDER PATROL 

The origin, development, and scope of operation of this vitally 
important arm of the Immigration Service have been fairly set forth 
in the reports for the fiscal years 1925 and 1926. Nevertheless, it 
is felt that some amplification along these lines is pertinent and 
needful. 

The year just closed marks the third of this organization's existence 
and has proved by all odds the one most filled with useful endeavor 
and achievement. 

Beginning July 1, 1924, with an appropriation of $1,000,000 the 
personnel of the organization was recruited during the fiscal year 
1925 to a maximum of 472. The million dollar appropriation was 
conincident as to date of effectiveness with the latest expression of 
the will of Congress respecting quota limitations and the adoption of 
further restrictions upon the admission of aliens ineligible to citi- 
zenship. 

For the fiscal year 1926, $1,000,000 was again provided by Con- 
gress for the border patrol, and later in the same year $150,000 
additional. The activities of the border patrol were, by the terms 
of the appropriation act, extended to embrace the seaboard in addi- 
tion to the land borders. The personnel was expanded to a maxi- 
mum strength of 632 employees. 

For the fiscal year of 1927, just closed, the appropriation was 
increased to $1,500,000 and the personnel to a maximum authorized 
strength of 781 employees, consisting at the close of the j^ear of 1 
supervisor, 4 assistant superintendents, 30 chief patrol inspectors, 
170 senior patrol inspectors, 537 patrol inspectors, 24 clerks, 13 motor 
mechanics, and 2 laborers. 

During the first two years of the organization's existence limitations 
upon the purchase of motor equipment necessitated the procurement 
of automobiles under a system of allowances made to individual 
patrolmen ouiiing cars. This was wholly unsatisfactory, the amount 
which it was possible to allow in any case being so limited as to make 
it impossible for any patrolman to operate his car, except within a 
very limited radius, without financial loss. Congress remedied this 
situation for the fiscal year 1927, with the result that it was possible 
to do away with the wholly unsatisfactory makeshift allowance 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 17 

system and in its place to substitute Government-owned motor 
equipment. This equipment, added to that already owned, resulted 
in a complement of 232 automobiles, 14 trucks, and 6 motorcycles. 
In addition to these, 30 horse and pack-horse allowances were made. 

Barracks or office quarters, or a combmation of both, have now 
been provided for nearly all subdistrict headquarters throughout the 
territory covered by the patrol, and these subdistricts, with outposts, 
extend for many miles (several hundred in some mstances) along the 
frontiers. Each frontier immigration district is a border-patrol 
district, of which there are 11 in all, with headquarters respectively 
at Seattle, Spokane, Grand Forks, Detroit, Buffalo, Montreal, 
Jacksonville, New Orleans, San Antonio, El paso, and Los Angeles. 
The failure of passage in the last session of Congress of the second 
deficiency bill, carrying $200,000 for expenses of regulating immigra- 
tion, necessitated the slowing down of activities of the border patrol 
during the last quarter of the year. In other words, the adriiinistra- 
tive officers of the Immigration Service were without adequate funds 
with which to handle the business produced by the border patrol, 
notwithstanding which the sum total of results accomplished by the 
border patrol during the year, as disclosed by the subjoined table, 
are highly gratifying, notably the 19,382 persons apprehended and 
delivered to other officials, 832 alien smugglers captured, 786 auto- 
mobiles seized, 303 boats and other conveyances seized, and, last 
but not least, the 12,098 smuggled aliens captured. Many thousands 
of the smuggled aliens captured elected voluntarily to depart rather 
than compel resort to formal deportation proceedings. 

The border patrol is a young man's organization; it appeals strongly 
to the lover of the big outdoors — the primeval forests, the sunparched 
deserts, the mountains, and the plains; the business upon which it 
is engaged calls for manhood, stamina, versatility, and resourceful- 
ness in the highest degree. "Honor first" is its watchword; priva- 
tions and danger but serve as a challenge which none refuses. Unfail- 
ing courtesy to all, and helpfulness to the helpless in distress, are 
emphasized above every other requisite. These young men are 
proud of their jobs — proud of their organization — with a code of 
ethics unsurpassed by any similar organization of this or any other 
day. In the three short years of its existence it has created a price- 
less store of traditions. The pride of these men in their organization 
is equaled only by the pride and esteem in which they are held by the 
communities in which they operate. Spontaneous testimonials of 
this esteem are being constantly received by the bureau. To an 
almost unbelievable extent the border patrol is self-governing. Its 
members must be left largely to their own devices and upon their 
honor. The weight of popular disapproval of his fellow officers is 
more potent with the erring one than all the printed regulations 
humanly possible to devise. The uniform is sacred; it not only 
symbolizes authority, the law's majesty and all the power of the 
Federal Government, but it entails obligations upon the wearer in 
the way of deportment which are intuitively recognized and scrupu- 
lously observed. 

Ex-service men predominate in the border patrol; they must be 
and are physically fit; they are accustomed to discipline, take readily 
to it, and like it; they are charged with a serious responsibility and 
keenly realize it. In the vast majority of cases their work is a 
religion. 



18 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



It is the constant aim of the bureau to minimize paper work in the 
border patrol, without sacrificing the essentials, and in this endeavor 
it is believed to have been singularly successful. 

While charged primarily with the duty of apprehending violators 
of our immigration laws, it follows naturally and inevitably that the 
performance of these duties brings the patrolmen into contact with 
violators of many other laws — Federal, State, and municipal. These 
offenders are gathered in and delivered to the proper law-enforcement 
officers. Aliens figure largely on our coasts and land borders as 
smugglers of contraband. Particularly does this hold true of the 
Mexican Border where easily 95 per cent of the smuggling fraternity 
is alien. While these alien outlaws violate many different laws — 
prohibition, customs, public health, narcotics, horticultural, animal 
industry, neutrality, and so on, they one and all violate the immigra- 
tion law, in the time, place, and manner of their entry. 

In last year's annual report mention was made of the fact that the 
personnel of the border patrol should be brought up to at least 1,000 
members. The experience of the past year has only served to 
strengthen and confirm the conviction in this respect. 

For the ensuing fiscal year the appropriation for the border patrol 
has been fixed, but for the year 1929 a minimum of $2,000,000 has 
been asked for with which efficiently to operate. Even if this sum 
is supplied it will fall far short of producing a complement of 1,000 
employees in the border patrol, in fact, after making due allowances 
for vacancies, sick and annual leave, we would have a paper strength 
of 924 employees, and an average actual effective strength of but 
784 members. 

Before closing this subject, I wish to pay tribute to those brave 
men of the border patrol who have made the supreme sacrifice in the 
line of duty. These heroes have died less gloriously, perhaps, but 
no less honorably than those who have given their lives on the battle- 
fields for their country. The bureau's files are replete with stories 
of courage, devotion to duty, and sacrifice rivaling anything afforded 
by fiction. 

Honor roll 



Name 



Where killed 



Date of death 



Frank H. Clark 

August D. De La Pena ' 
William W. McKee 

Lon Parker 

Thad Pippin 



El Paso, Tex 

Rio Grande City, Tex 

Near Alambre ranch, 40 miles 

south of Tucson, Ariz. 
Near Willis ranch, Huachuca 

Mountains, Ariz. 
In mountains near El Paso, Tex 



Dec. 13, 1924 
Aug. 3, 1925 
Apr. 23, 1926 



July 
Apr. 



25, 1926 
21, 1927 



• Killed by an insane Mexican. The other men were killed by smugglers. 

These men responded above and beyond the call of duty. The 
widows and orphans of the dead uncomplainingly face the world 
deprived of their natural protectors. The husbands and fathers 
entered the service with a full knowledge of its hazzards, but it does 
seem, nevertheless, that a more liberal provision than that afforded 
by the compensation act should be provided in this class of cases. 
The men in the border patrol constantly face hazards in contact with 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



19 



desperadoes and outlaws who shoot and shoot to kill immediately 
they are challenged, and even though the performance of their duties 
forces them not infrequently to engage in mortal combat, they con- 
stantly face the necessitj^ of defending their liberty and lives as best 
they may in State or county courts if they kill an outlaw. Every 
consideration of fairness and consistency demands that the same 
safeguards be thrown about these men and the same immunities 
extended to them as are accorded any and all other Federal officers, 
including the right of trial in Federal courts and defense at the hands 
of United States attorneys. 

Activities of immigration border patrol during the fiscal year ended June SO, 1927 

Miles patrolled, total 4, 559, 838 

By motor 3, 817, 054 

By railroad 279,856 

By horse 74, 931 

By boat 7, 208 

By airplane 252 

Afoot 380,537 

TRAINS, BUSSES, ETC., WITH PASSENGERS ON SAME, EXAMINED 

Number Passengers 

Total 713,931 1,452,721 

Freight trains 71,682 39,817 

Passenger trains 90, 138 241, 409 

Automobiles 492, 210 945, 529 

Busses 31,046 160, 627 

Boats 11,985 31,533 

Other conveyances 16,870 33,806 

Pedestrians 296, 660 

Persons questioned 1, 265, 690 

Investigations 3, 644 

Warrants of arrest served 99 

Smugglers of aliens captured 832 

Smuggled aliens captured 12, 098 

Aliens turned back (Canadians, 389; Mexicans, 896; others,. 162) __ 1,447 





Persons 
appre- 
hended 


Seizmes 


Delivered to- 


Automobiles 


other convey- 
ances 


Liquor 


Miscel- 
laneous, 
contra- 
band, 
estimated 
value 




Num- 
ber 


Esti- 
mated 
value 


Num- 
ber 


Esti- 
mated 
value 


Quantity 

(in 

quarts) 


Esti- 
mated 
value 


Total 


19, 382 


786 


$335, 252 


303 


$77, 995 


263, 613 


$366, 004 


$30, 687 






Immigration 


17, 225 

1,173 

232 

10 

5 

191 

106 

410 


49 
446 
192 

1 


25, 565 

175, 961 

87, 811 

750 


29 
195 
74 


9,445 
24, 385 
41, 575 






60 


Customs 


102, 159 
152,930 


152,794 
203, 360 


3,102 


Prohibition 


1,288 


Narcotics. 


6,138 


Agriculture 


1 


40 






19 


Justice 


33 


21,200 






14, 923 


Army and Navy 










1,142 


State and municipal 


65 


23, 965 4 


2,550 


8,524 


9,850 


4,015 











Total estimated value of seizures, $809,938. 



20 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAl. OF IMMIGKATION 

ADMINISTRATIVE HNES 

During the past fiscal year the department unposed fines upon 
vessels bringing aliens, for violations of various provisions of the 
immigration laws, to the amount of S440,010, $79,000 of which, 
owing largely to the financial irresponsibility of the carriers, had 
not been collected up to the close of the year. 

Suits (in personam) brought under section 27 of the act of 1924 
netted $17,350. Collections in connection with suits in rem are 
accounted for by the Attorney General, in consequence of which no 
figures relative thereto are available. 

Passage money in the sum of $17,034.65 was ordered refunded by 
the carriers to aliens found inadmissible. 

The amount of fines assessed during the past year, $440,010, as 
compared with $644,540 of the year immediately preceding, reflects 
increasing efficiency of inspection abroad and a continued willingness 
on the part of steamship companies to cooperate — ^a most wholesome 
and gratifying state of affairs. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

An appropriation of $6,226,705 for the conduct of the Immigration 
Service and the administration of laws pertaining to immigration 
was made by Congress for the fiscal year covered by this report 
apportioned as follows: 

For the enforcement of laws regulating immigration into the United 

States $4, 584, 865 

Coast and land border patrol 1, 500, 000 

For physical maintenance and upkeep of immigration stations 50, 000 

For salaries, Bureau of Immigration 91, 840 

Total 6, 226, 705 

The net amount expended during the year for all purposes, after 
deducting refunds to the appropriation for expenditures not properly 
chargeable to the Government, was $6,190,260.75, leaving an unex- 
pended balance of $36,444.25. 

Balanced against the expenditures mentioned, there was collected, 
as hereinafter shown, the sum of $4,267,782.58, making the actual 
net cost of operation $1,922,478.17. 

Income and sources thereof 

Head tax collected $3, 341, 032. 10 

Administrative fines 392, 561. 69 

Reentry permits and extensions 333, 915. 00 

Bonds forfeited and paid without suit 197, 931. 13 

Sale of exclusive privileges (feeding, money exchange, etc.) 1, 187. 93 

Sale of Government property 722. 43 

Miscellaneous collections 86. 25 

Coin-box collections, ElHs Island, New York Harbor 346. 05 

Total.. _ 4, 267, 782. 58- 

SEASONAL LABOR 

If the Congress in its wisdom should see fit to place the Western 
Hemisphere under the quota system (and franldy I can not but feel 
that the decision so to do is inevitable, when consideration is given. 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 21 

to" the many compelling influences thereto), it may be that with the 
adoption of proper safeguards a practical plan temporarily to admit 
seasonal unskilled labor, where like kind unemployed is not available, 
may be evolved. Frankly, I perceive many difficulties in the way of 
an effective control of aliens so admitted, but it occurs to me that 
the problem might be susceptible of solution. 

CITIZENSHIP AND THE ALIEN 

The acid test of any civilization, nation, or system of government 
is the men and women it produces, and with equal truth it may be 
said that the acid test of the men and women of any time is the 
nation and system of government they evolve, the conditions of 
living they develop. 

To say that good immigration makes good citizenship, is to state 
a self-evident truth, a fact so obvious that its bare assertion seems 
superfluous; nevertheless, I am impressed by a seeming apathy upon 
the part of the public as a whole to this vitally important truth. I 
can not and do not believe that this seeming indifference upon the 
part of Americans is due to anything more than a failure fully to 
appreciate the relationship between the two. 

True, we have but recently sharply curtailed the volume of im- 
migration annually flowing through our ports from the Old World. 
We long ago excluded Chinese laborers, and we have declared, by 
the act of 1924, that with certain exceptions aliens ineligible to 
citizenship may not enter except under existing treaty stipulations. 
But who are these aliens ineligible to citizenship? Considered in 
the mass rather than individually, they are — so far as the courts 
have interpreted the statutory inhibitions against naturalization — 
Chinese, Japanese, and Hindus. These decisions of the courts have 
been based upon ethnic considerations. The major test of eligi- 
bility to citizenship is racial. The immigration laws, with certain 
exceptions, as already stated, bar these inehgibles from entry. But 
it does not follow that all aliens not barred from the United States 
will make good citizens. Evidence of the fallacy of any such belief 
is steadily growing. It is exceedingly vital in my opinion that we 
should have an aroused national consciousness in matters relating, 
to citizenship. The raw material of our future citizenship pours 
through our ports from the Western Hemisphere without numerical 
limitation. Is it good citizenship material? We know much of it 
is not. True, we can exclude from admission the alien who pro- 
claims himself a deep red, but there are all shades of dissenters, and 
upon application for admission, these, with rare exceptions, declare 
no beliefs inimical to our institutions. It is not until after they get 
in that they assert themselves, and in so doing they are usually 
careful to avoid saying or doing openly the things that would subject 
them to expulsion under existing statutes. 

It seems to me that the most vitally important task ahead of us 
is to work out some better plan than we now have of determining 
not only what aliens seeking to enter our country will readily assimi- 
late, but who will as well assist in maintaining the ideals upon which 
our country was founded. 

I believe that the examinations at our ports of entry should go 
further than the law now appears to contemplate, and that Congress 



22 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

should f^ive consideration to the advisability and practicability of 
requiring appropriate tests to determine whether alien applicants 
for permanent admission are good citizenship material, with a view 
to the rejection of those found to be otherwise. 

LEGISLATION RECOMMENDED 

In my last annual report I made certain recommendations for 
legislation to render the administration of the immigration laws more 
consistent and efficient. These recommendations are, with some 
exceptions and modifications, herein renewed and added to in the 
light of another year's experience. 

First. That the exemption from the operation of the illiteracy 
inhibition as set forth in section 3 of the immigration act of 1917 
reading "All aliens who have been lawfully'' admitted to the United 
States and who have resided therein continuously for five years and 
who return to the United States within six months from the date of 
their departure therefrom" be broadened so as to provide that aliens 
holding valid unexpired reentry permits shall not be excluded because 
of illiteracy, and that subdivision F of section 10 of the immigration 
act o^ 1924 be also amended so as to harmonize with the amendment 
of section 3 of the act of 1917 as proposed. 

Second. That statutory grounds for both exclusion and deportation 
be broadened and that the whole body of law dealing with immi- 
gration be codified in the manner and for the reasons set forth in my 
last annual report. 

Third. That section 8 of the immigration act of 1917 be amended 
to provide a specific penalty for the offense of harboring and con- 
cealing smuggled aliens, in view of decisions of certain courts that 
this clause of section 8 is inoperative because Congress did not in 
clear language provide a penalty for the oft'ense. 

Fourth. I believe further that aliens deliberately entering the United 
States surreptitiously should be made subject to criminal prosecution. 

Fifth. If the Congress should not see fit to make it a criminal act 
for aliens generally surreptitiously to enter the United States, then 
it would seem that it should not hesitate to make it a crime at least 
for the criminal, diseased, immoral, and anarchistic classes so to 
enter, arid in any event to penalize by imprisonment the surrepti- 
tious reentry of any alien previously excluded or deported. 

Sixth. That natives of countries of the Western Hemisphere be 
brought within the quota provisions of existing law and that section 4 
(c) thereof be repealed. As previously stated, it is felt that migration 
from this source stands no less in need of limitation than the migra- 
tion of our parent stock from Europe. The design of the present law 
is obviously to bring to our shores in reasonable numbers the races 
and peoples from which we are chiefly descendant. I can not recon- 
cile the unlimited flow of immigrants from the Western Hemisphere 
with the sharp curtailment of immigrants from Europe. 

Seventh. That omission from section 15 of the immigration act of 
1924 of authority to require bond in appropriate cases in connection 
with the admission of immigrant students be remedied. Liberality 
should be extended to those who seek to avail themselves of our 
educational institutions, but at the same time I feel there should be 
authority, in the interest of good administration, to exact a bond 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENEEAL, OF IMMIGKATION 23 

where desirable of immigrant students admitted, conditioned for their 
departure from the United States. The present situation works to 
the disadvantage of the alien in obliging the port officials to exclude 
in a doubtful case, whereas if bond were possible, doubts might be 
resolved in favor of the applicant in many instances without jeopardy 
to the accomplishment of the general purposes of the act. 

Eighth. That a nonquota status in the issuance of immigration 
visas be given to the dependent parents over 60 years of age, to the 
husband, and to the children between the ages of 18 and 21 of citizens 
of the United States. The number who would be benefited by this 
modification of existing law is not large, and I believe considerations 
of fairness and humanity fully support my recommendation. Cer- 
tainly citizen wives should have the right to petition for nonquota 
status in behalf of their alien husbands, just as American husbands 
now have that right in respect of their alien wives. 

Ninth. That legislation be enacted authorizing the seizure and 
forfeiture of vehicles or vessels used to import aliens into the United 
States in violation of the provisions of the immigration laws, or to 
transport them thereafter pursuant to such illegal importation and 
to permit the Immigration Service to make use of such vehicles and 
vessels after they have been ordered forfeited by the courts. 

Tenth. That legislative authority be granted, to be exercised 
within the discretion of the Commissioner General with the approval 
of the Secretary of Labor, to legalize the residence of aliens in meri- 
torious cases by means of nunc pro tunc examinations to be held by 
immigrant inspectors, coupled with a physical and mental examina- 
tion by officers of the United States Public Health Service. The 
problem of the decent and law-abiding alien in our midst (who has 
formed ties of various sorts, often including families) whose original 
entry was attended by irregularity — possibly a failure of the officers 
to inspect, or mcompleteness of record, or perhaps unwitting and 
wholly innocent failure to submit himself for inspection at the proper 
time and place, and all before any quota restrictions became effective — 
is a real and difficult one. Many such aliens deserve some special 
consideration. Perhaps they desire to leave the country and return; 
but, in the absence of a proper record of legal permanent admission, 
no relief can be accorded them. If they depart from the country they 
must in returning thereto be subject to all the restrictions imposed 
upon initial entrants. They can not become United States citizens, 
and the presence in the United States of this miassimilated element is 
undesirable in the extreme. 

Eleventh. I desire to reiterate and urge that provision be made for 
the payment of the traveling expenses of officers and employees of this 
service, and the expenses incurred in the moving of their families and 
household effects pursuant to official transfers in the line of duty. 
Ever-changing conditions in the Immigration Service render it 
imperative that personnel should be shifted about with considerable 
frequency. For an officer or employee to be forced in the line of duty 
to give up his home and move to another official station, all at his own 
expense, is absolutely unjust. 

Twelfth. That a schedule of pay for officers and employees of the 
Immigration Service stationed outside continental United States be 
formulated and authorized by Congress in line with rates of pay 
granted other civilian officers and employees performing duty overseas 



24 REPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

of equivalent importance; that automatic increases up to at least 
$3,000 per annum for immigrant inspectors stationed in continental 
United States, be authorized, contingent upon efficient service. 

Thirteenth. That adequate buildings be provided for the care of 
aliens detained in deportation proceedings. At present such aliens 
are largely confined in jails. 

Fourteenth. The Secretary of Labor should be given broader powers 
to^'admit aliens in hardship cases — political refugees, artists, and intel- 
lectual geniuses, and wives of aliens admitted for permanent resi- 
dence prior to July 1, 1924, who have declared their intention to 
become citizens of the United States. With wise lunitations and 
restrictions this power can be safely conferred upon the department 
without danger of abuse. 

Fifteenth. That appropriate adaptability tests be authorized, with 
a view to determine whether an alien applying for admission to the 
United States is good citizenship material and that authority be 
given to exclude from admission those failing in such tests. 

Sixteenth. As indicated elsewhere in this report the border 
patrol should be materially strengthened. A more liberal provision 
than that aftorded by the compensation act, should be provided for 
the widows and orphans of those killed in line of duty. The same 
safeguards should be thrown about the members of the border patrol 
and the same immunities extended to them as are accorded any and 
all other Federal law-enforcement officers, the performance of whose 
duties involves hazards to life, including the right of trial in Federal 
courts and defense at the hands of United States attorneys. 

Seventeenth. Statistics continue to show that a very substantial 
volume of alien visitors, or nonmimigrants, is admitted each year. 
These aliens are not presumed to stay here permanently and with 
the careful scrutiny given their cases by the American consuls abroad, 
assisted by technical advisers and by administrative officers at the 
ports of entry, I doubt that any considerable proportion is abusing 
the privilege to evade the quota. However, I do feel that the number 
is sufficiently large to warrant a more careful check upon them than 
is possible at the present tune with the force available. To do this 
work properly, to msure departure of those who should depart, we 
should have an additional inspection and clerical staff. The efforts 
of such a staff would undoubtedly have a salutary effect as a deterrent 
and at the same time do much to educate the public in a feature of the 
law that is not clearly understood. A system of keeping check on 
overstayed visitors in this country would likewise enable the depart- 
ment more intelligently and satisfactorily to pass upon applications 
for extensions of time. 

DISCUSSION OF ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS 

FIELD 

I am convinced that a plan should be placed in operation whereby 
admitted aliens will be furnished with certificates of identification 
for their own protection and for the assistance of immigration officers 
in determining their status when any such admitted aliens are made 
the subject of investigation. Such certificates of identification would 



EEPOKT OF THK COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 25 

meet a long-felt need and one which has been repeatedly urged by- 
field officers. 

I believe that consideration should be given to the question of 
designating certain of the more important coast and land border 
ports as schools for the training on the job of immigrant inspectors 
and border patrol inspectors, and, v.dth this in view, that probational 
appointees should be initially assigned to such places and thereafter 
to other stations as need of their services thereat arises, such reassign- 
ments to be made, however, only after the new appointee has satis- 
factorily completed his period of probation. Probationers failing to 
measure up to the requirements should be promptly dropped from 
the rolls at the training points. A system of training of this sort 
would not only make for uniformity of standards of efficiency and 
uniformity of practices, but would obviate the necessity of assigning 
green, inexperienced, untrained men to new jobs or vacancies where 
but little, if any, opportunity is afforded to give them special atten- 
tion. Such a system would require a comparatively small increase 
in the personnel. Vacancies at the training points, resulting from 
the transfer of trained personnel, would be immediately filled by the 
appointment of new probationers. Field officers generally find the 
new appointees of relatively little value for the first six months or 
longer. In fact they are more frequently than not a distinct lia- 
bility, especially where, as is almost invariably the case, the field 
staff is functioning with a minimum number of employees. 

I wish to invite particular attention to the fact that our field service 
is undermanned. It is impossible for it to attend to many vitally 
important matters pressing for attention. Hundreds if not thousands 
of reports of aliens unlawfully in the 'United States or engaged in 
unlawful activities have to remain unattended to, only the most 
flagrant receiving attention. Last January a survey of our penal 
institutions, insane asylums, hospitals and poorhouses disclosed over 
113,000 alien inmates. How many of these were subject to deporta- 
tion could onl}^ be ascertained by individual and, in many cases, 
long-drawn-out investigations — interviewing of friends, relatives, 
and the like, scattered throughout the country. The officers who 
made the preliminary survey had to return to their pressing tasks 
as quickly as possible. The essential task of investigating the individ- 
ual inmates of these institutions and of deporting those subject to 
deportation, thereby relieving the institutions of such burdens, 
could not be attended to then, nor can it be attended to now, because 
of the lack of officers to do the work. 

BUREAU 

Despite every effort to systemize the work of the bureau, the 
adoption of shortcuts and the elimination of every operation that is 
not vitally essential, the bureau generally is understaffed. We are 
constantly taking help from one division where the need is somewhat 
less urgent to help out in another that has fallen behind — borrowing 
from Peter to pay Paul. The financial rewards offered are not 
sufficient to attract and retain the best talent. Trained and efficient 
employees leave us for higher pay in other walks of life and even in 
other departments of the Government. 



26 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

CONCLUSION 

In conclusion I desire to express my appreciation of the splendid 
service rendered during the year just closed by the loyal, efficient 
workers in the field and in the bureau, and to thank you and the 
other officials of the department for the sympathetic and helpful 
aid at all times extended. 
Respectfully submitted. 

Harry E. Hull, 

Commissioner General. 



APPENDIX 



STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION 



27 



APPENDIX— STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 1. — Aliens admitted, departed, debarred, and deported, and United States 
citizens arrived and departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by 
ports 



Port 



1926 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Non- 
immi- 
grant 



Total 



United 
States 
citi- 
zens 
arrived 



Aliens 

de- 
barred 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Non- 
emi- 
grant 



Total 



United Aliens 
States i de- 
citi- 'ported 
zens 1 after 
de- I land- 
parted ing J 



All ports 

Atlantic, total 

New York, N. Y 

Boston, Mass 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Md... 

Canadian Atlantic... 

Portland, Me 

New Bedford, Mass 

Providence, R. I 

Newport News, Va. 

Norfolk, Va.... 

Savannah, Ga 

Miami, Fla... 

Kev West, Fla 

Other Gulf 

Gulf of Mexico, total- 
Tampa, Fla 

Pensacola, Fla 

Mobile, A]a 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

Other Gulf 

Pacific, total. 

San Francisco, Calif 

Portland, Oreg 

Seattle, \Vash 

Canadian Pacific 

Mexican border seaports 

Land border, total 

Canadian border 

Mexican border 

Others, total 

Alaska 

Hawaii 

Porto Rico 



304, 488 191, 618 496, 106 



370,757 20,550 



76,992 150,763 227,755 



372, 480 



10, 904 



164,302!l36,977 301, 279 



332, 437 2, 077 



149, 



289 119, 24l!268, 530 
0251 3,340 11,365 



661 

36 

,275 

42 

2 

,214 

8 

13 

7 

150 

,167 



311 

23 

3,440 

33 

162 

1,861 



517 
1 
29 
744 
194 
1 

4,104 



2,144 
10 

1,444 
133 
373 

134, 282 



91, 786 
42, 496 



314 



28 
168 
118 



4 

7 

1,446 

7,091 

18 

5,336 



2,109 

8 

63 

2,992 

163 

1 



377 

59 

7,715 

75 

164 

3,075 

S 

17 

14 

1,596 

8,258 

26 

6,822 



263, 170 

7,577 

229 

215 

9,087 

33 

36 

1, 593 

21 

278, 

2 

6,851 

43,329 

35 



66,497,114,717 181,214 



329, 857 



1,544 

77 

123 

99 

25 

4 

6 

5 

21 

23 

9 

30 
87 
24 



58,096 

4,660 

64 

27 

1,166 

9 

11 

1,026 



10, 837 34' 



1 

3 

267 

1,166 

1 

743 



2,626 

9 

92 

3,736 

357 

2 



12,676: 16,: 



5211 



9, 533| 

683 

4 



38 
6 
34 
227 
32 
10 



12 

486 
244 



10,310 464 



4,934 



6,895i 9,039 

5' 15 

2, 108 3, 552i 

3, 2131 3, 346 

455 



32, 893 



14. 446 

18. 447 



3,736 



!09 
2,249 
1,378 



167, 175 



106, 232 
60, 943 



4,050 



13 
2,417 
1,496 



5, 825: 
4 
1,996 
1,257 
1,228 

11,436 



216 



117 

112 

19 

17,563 



2,092 
17 

1,996 
407 
422 

4,445 



10, 625' 

811 



5, 737i 



15, 808 
1,755 



1,856 
2,589 



373 



36 
2, 057, 
3, 644 



20 
212 
141 



,173 156,269 

,037 

39 103 

27 

3,081 

42 

12 

1,429 



,915 

33 

1 

403 



268, 678 

7, 781 
1621 
1751 

5, 295 

12j 

3l 

457! 



^1 
764i 
3431 

II 



2,031 

9,509 

2 



28 

6,365 

40, 692 

21 



2, 734| 3, 477 



236 



237 



406 



27 39 

1, 772 2, 258 

699 943 



42 

9,173 

782 



13,544 18,478 



12, 912 



7,447 
59 
2,128 
2,064 
1,846 

14, 227 



12,337 
1, 890: 



9,539 
76 
4,124 
2,471 
2,268 

18, 672 



6, 274j 
34 
2,346 
1, 355! 
2, 903: 



14, 193 
4,479 



5,541 5,914 



11,668: 
470 



7,170 



1 
3,920 
1,620 



21 
4,132 
1,761 



11 
3,069 
4,090 



3,539 



2,285 

185 

154 

75 

459 

8 

5 

32 

21 

55 

33 

28 

45 

154 



10, 403 1 470 



43 
12 
34 
183 
181 
17 

617 



255 
41 

178 
31 

112 



12, 1381 6, 245 



2,904 
3,341 



33 



• These aliens are included among aliens departed, they having entered the United States, legally or 
llegally, at the ports indicated, and later deported. 

29 



30 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 1.— Aliens admitted, departed, debarred, and deported, and United Stales 
citizens arrived and departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by 
ports 













1927 










Port 


Aliens admitted 


United 
States 
citi- 
zens 
arrived 


Aliens 

de- 
barred 


Aliens departed 


United 
States 
citi- 
zens 
de- 
parted 


Aliens 
(ie- 




Immi- 
grant 


Non- 
immi- 
grant 


Total 


Emi- 
grant 


Non- 
emi- 
grant 


Total 


ported 
after 
land- 
ing 


All ports. . . . 


335, 175 


202, 826 


538, 001 


378, 520 


19, 755 


73, 366 


180, I42J253, 508 


369, 788 


11.662 






Atlantic, total 


180, 116J150,840 


330, 956 


334, 915 


2,007 


62, 203 


124, 427 


186, 630 


325, 397 


3,061 


New York, N. Y 


165, 510'l32, 283 

8,080: 4,224 

lOO! 173 

45! 40 

2,952 3,844 

9 14 

6 106 

1, 659 2, 188 

8 5 

111 15 

9, 11 

110[ 1,710 

1,593 6,206 

24' 21 

l,70o! 4,833 


207, 793 

12, 304 

273 

85 

6,796 

23 

112 

3,847 

13 

26 

20 

1,820 

7.799 

45 

6, 533 


269,026 

7.251 

370 

69 

10, 427 

11 

55 

1,839 

4 

420 

12, 050 

33, 350 

36 

10,240 


1,319 
93 
119 
139 
33 
3 
14 
21 
38 
102 
2 
39 
46 
39 

360 


55, 538 

3,730 

7 

37 

839 


107, 754 

4,149 

30 

9 

2,772 


163, 292 

7,879 

37 

46 

3,611 


265, 508 

7, 967 

193 

154 

9,412 


1,961 


Boston, Mass 

Philadelphia, Pa 


162 
206 


Baltimore, Md 


161 


Canadian Atlantic 


128 


Portland, Me 


23 


New Bedford, Mass... 










21 


Providence, R. I 


659 


272 


931 


465 

5 

4 

20 

10, 235 

31, 426 

8 

9,998 


23 


Newi)ort News, Va 




Norfolk, Va 


""373 
1,020 

589 


1 

4 

1,809 

7,625 

2 

2,932 


1 

4 

2,182 

8, 645 

2 

3,521 


87 


Savannah, Ga 


30 


Miami. Fla.. 


38 


Key West, Fla 


56 


Other Qulf 


130 


Gulf of Mexico, total.. 


730 


Tampa, Fla 


520 

1 

34 

903 

240 

2 

4,410 


1,566 
2 

08 
3,021 

176 

13,952 


2,086 

3 

102 

3,924 

416 

2 

18,362 


175 

204 

9,278 

578 

5 

15,230 


26 
11 
12 
263 
43 
5 

644 


8 


314 


322 


64 


91 


Pensacola, Fla. 


18 


Mobile, .\la 


3 
376 
202 


21 

2,124 

473 


24 

2,500 

675 


9,433 
444 


39 


New Orleans, La 


342 


Galveston, Tex 


220 


Other Qulf 


20 


Pacific, total 


5,863 


14,308 


20,171 


14, 746 


518 






San Francisco, Calif 

Portland, Oreg 


2,512 
6 

1,011 
203 
678 

148, 588 


7.539 

9 

2,583 

3,112 

709 

28,371 


10, 051 
15 
3,594 
3, 315 
1,387 

176, 959 


8,085 
5 
3,154 
1,499 
2,507 

10, 612 


296 

4 

195 

72 

77 

16,644 


2.725 
13 

2,086 
465 
574 

3,924 


7,637 
86 
1,845 
2,518 
2,222 

32,008 


10, 362 
99 
3,931 
2,983 
2,796 

35, 932 


7,389 
20 
2,403 
1,180 
3, 7,54 

11,510 


224 
35 


Seattle, Wash 


98 


Canadian Pacific 


34 


Mexican border seaports 

Land border, total 


127 
7,331 


Canadian border 


81, 982 
66,606 

361 


13, 438 
14, 933 

4,830 


95, 420 
81,539 

5,191 


9,176 
1,436 

7,523 


14,686 
1,958 

100 


1,614 
2,310 

787 


22,735 
9,273 

6,467 


24,349 
11, 583 

7,254 


11, 109 
401 

8, 137 


4,024 


Mexican border 


3,307 


Others, total 


22 






Alaska 


34 
192 
135 


132 
3,109 
1,589 


166 
3,301 
1,724 


47 
3,220 
4,256 


32 
40 
28 


8 
644 
135 


1 
4,798 
1,668 


9 
5,442 
1,803 


'"'4,' 228 
3,909 


1 


Hawaii.. 


14 


Porto Rico. 


7 







EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



31 



Table 2.- — Net increase or decrease of -population by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 19^^4, 1925, 1926, and 1927, by semiannual 
periods and months 



Month 



Fiscal year, total . 
Six months, total. 



July - 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December. 



Six months, total. 



January. . 
February. 

March 

April 

May 

June 



Fiscal year, total.. 
Six months, total. . 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December _ 

Six months, total. _ 

January 

February. - 

March 

.A.pril 

May 

June 



Fiscal year, total 

Six months, total 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Six months, total 

January 

February _ 

March 

April 

May 

June 



1924 



Admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



706,896 172,406 



499, 863 



85. 336 



85,542 I 
88, 286 
89,431 
88,028 
92, 782 
55, 794 

207, 033 



33, 878 
29, 901 
35, 585 
38, 375 
32, 985 
36, 309 



13, 039 
13, 688 
18,22! 
15,490 
12,611 
12,287 

87, 070 



10, 476 
10, 842 
13, 271 
17,190 
16, 230 
19,061 



879, 302 



585, 199 



98, 581 
101,974 
107, 652 
103, 518 
105, 393 

68, 081 

294, 103 



44, 354 
40, 743 
48, 856 
55, 565 
49, 215 
55, 370 



Departed 



Emi- 
grant 



76, 789 



44, 299 



8,041 
6,489 
6,073 
7,291 
6,925 
9,480 

32, 490 



5,723 
3.706 
4,202 
5, 394 
6,634 
6,831 



Nonemi- 
grant 



139, 956 



75, 910 



14,213 
12,267 
10,245 
13, 856 
11,607 
13, 722 

64, 016 



8,689 
7,880 
7,983 
10, 546 
14, 457 
14, 491 



Total 



216,745 



120, 209 



22,254 
18,756 
16,318 
21, 147 
18, 532 
23,202 

96, 536 



14,412 
11,586 
12. 185 
15, 940 
21,091 
21,322 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



+662. 557 



+464, 990 



+76, 327 
+83, 218 
+91, 334 
+82,371 
+86, 861 
+44, 879 

+197, 567 



+29, 942 
+29. 157 
+36, 671 
+39, 625 
+2S, 124 
+34, 048 



1925 



294, 314 



147, 737 



11,661 
23,290 
27,941 
27, 402 
29, 345 
28,098 



164, 121 



84, 955 



11,112 
13,966 
20, 057 
17,822 
12, 386 
9,612 



146,577 I 79,166 



20,952 
20, 913 
26, 619 
26, 744 
26,045 
25, 304 



9,915 
12, 997 
14, 345 
16.905 
16, 124 



458, 435 



232, 692 



22, 773 
37, 256 
47, 998 
45,224 
41,731 
37, 710 

225, 743 



29, 832 
30,828 
39, 616 
41,089 
42, 950 
41,428 



92,728 



57,631 



8,493 
8,C33 
8,671 
8,941 
8,605 
14,288 

35, 097 



6,183 
4,087 
4,993 
5,684 
8,403 
5,747 



132, 762 



77, 672 



15,747 
14, 738 
14, 580 
12, 067 
9,645 
10, 895 

55,090 



7,873 
6,127 
6, 759 
9,708 
11,859 
12, 764 



225, 490 



135, 303 



24,240 
23,371 
23. 251 
21,008 
18, 250 
25, 183 

90,187 



14, 056 
10, 214 
11,752 
15, 392 
20, 262 
18,511 



+232, 945 



+97, 389 



-1,467 

+ 13,885 
+24, 747 
+24,216 
+23,481 
+ 12,527 

+135, 556 



+15, 776 
+20, 614 
+27, 864 
+25, 697 
+22, 688 
+22,917 



1926 



304, 488 



144, 148 



18, 590 
22,421 
26, 721 
28, 685 
26,642 
21,089 



191, 618 



09, 813 



14,177 
17, 052 
23, 081 
19,427 
14, 860 
11,216 



160,340 I 91,805 



19. 072 
20, 041 
29, 504 
33, 400 
33, 533 
24, 790 



10,661 
10, 632 
15, 182 

17, 557 
19, 244 

18, 529 



496, 106 



243, 961 



32, 767 
39, 473 
49, 802 
48, 112 
41, 502 
32, 305 

252, 145 



29, 733 
30, 673 
44, 686 
£0, 957 
52, 777 
43, 319 



76, 992 



150,763 227,755 



46, 592 



8,784 
7, 5.39 
7,200 
7,674 
6, 555 
8,840 

30, 400 



5,286 
3,232 
3,457 
4,989 
5,861 
7,575 



81,020 



17, 715 
12, 978 
12, 485 
13, 264 
11,915 
12, 663 

69, 743 



9,795 
8,451 
8,982 
10, 780 
13, 660 
18, 075 



127, 612 



26, 499 
20, 517 
19, 685 
20, 938 
18, 470 
21, 503 

100, 143 



15, 081 
11,683 
12, 439 
15, 769 
19, 521 
25, 650 



+268, 351 



+116,349 



+6, 268 
+18, 956 
+30, 117 
+27, 174 
+23. 032 
+10, 802 

+152, 002 



+14, 652 
+18, 990 
+32, 247 
+35, 188 
+33, 256 
+17, 669 



32 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 2. — Net increase or decrease of population by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1924, 1925, 1926, and 1927, by semiannual 
periods and months — Continued 





1927 


Month 




Admitted 




Departed 


Increase 
(+)or 




Immi- 
grant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emi- 
grant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


decrease 
(-) 


Fiscal year, total 


335, 175 


202, 826 


538,001 


73, 366 


180, 142 


253, 508 


+284, 493 






Sis months, total 


175,955 


112,29rf 


288, 245 


42, 779 


93, 528 


136, 307 


+151,938 






July 


22, 283 
29, 286 
35,297 
34, 528 
30, 756 
23, 805 

159, 220 


16, 096 
20, 467 
25, 680 
22, 059 
16, 185 
11.803 

90, 536 


38, 379 
49, 753 
60, 977 
56, 587 
46, 941 
35, 608 

249, 756 


7,052 
7,376 
6,634 
5,377 
6,859 
9,481 

30, 587 


17, 970 
15, 410 
16, 392 
13, 803 
13, 078 
16, 875 

86, 614 


25, 022 
22, 786 
23,026 
19, 180 
19, 937 
26, 356 

117,201 


+ 13,357 


August 


+26, 967 


Seotember 


+37, 951 


October 


+37, 407 


November. 


+27, 004 


December ... 


+9, 252 


Six months, total 


+132, 555 






January 


18, 804 
21,695 
29, 868 
33, 034 
31,819 
24, 000 


9,219 
10, 379 
16, 370 
17,310 
20, 899 
16, 359 


28, 023 
32, 074 
46, 238 
50, 344 
52. 718 
40, 359 


3,928 
3,949 
4,244 
4,185 
6,148 
8,133 


10, 053 
12, 085 

13, 502 

14, 391 
16, 978 
19, 605 


13, 981 
16, 034 
17,746 
18, 576 
23, 126 
27, 738 


+14,042 


February 


+16,040 


March 


+28, 492 


April 


+ 31,768 


May 


+29, 592 


June 


+12, 621 







REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



33 



Table 3. — -Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by countries 



Country of last or iiltended future 
permanent residence ' 



All countries 

E urope, total .-. 

Albania _ 

Austria- -.- 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

C zechoslovakia -. 

Danzig, Free City of 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France, including Corsica... 

Germany 

Great Britain and Northern Ireland: 

England 

Northern Ireland 

Scotland 

Wales 

Greece 

Hungary 

Irish Free State 

Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia.. 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Luxemburg 

Netherlands 

Norway , 

Poland 

Portugal, including Azores, Cape 

Verde, and Madeira Islands 

Rumania. - 

Russia... 

Spain, including Canary and Balearic 

Islands 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

Turkey in Europe _ 

Yugoslavia 

Otlier Europe ^ 

Asia, total 

Armenia 

China 

India 

Japan 

Palestine 

Persia _ 

Syria 

Turkey in Asia _ 

Other Asia 3 

America, total 



1926 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



304, 488 



155, 562 



Nonim- 
migrant 



191,618 



36, 890 



10, 599 

419 

13,661 

1,268 

1,121 

906 

24, 478 

8, 253 

298 

636 

127 

1,753 

5,756 

7,126 

666 
1,211 
1,766 

326 
8,513 
1,994 

210 
1,059 

326 

3,413 



16 
1,751 

93 
654 
250 

56 
429 

21 
143 

144, 393 



158 


10 


1,102 


559 


718 


537 


175 


34 


2,953 


344 


210 


23 


2,549 


605 


132 


26 


491 


148 


4,181 


3,850 


50, 421 


5,096 



13, 342 

132 

1,921 

298 

183 

234 

822 

2,451 

32 

87 

33 

1,014 

1,283 

366 

131 
124 
313 

790 
896 
831 

42 
286 

47 

6,961 



5 

4,281 

351 

1,911 

103 

18 

104 

8 

180 

142, 875 



Total 



496, 106 



192, 452 



168 
1,661 
1,255 

209 
3,297 

233 
3,154 

158 

639 
8,031 
55, 517 

23, 941 

551 

15, 582 

1,566 

1,304 

1,140 

25, 300 

10, 704 

330 

723 

160 

2,767 

7,039 

7,492 

797 
1.335 
2,079 

1,116 
9,409 
2,825 

252 
1,345 

373 

10, 374 



21 

6,032 

444 

2,565 

353 

74 

533 

29 

323 

287, 268 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



76, 992 



60, 040 



314 

487 

491 

88 

2,301 

1 

691 

15 

519 

1,011 

3,908 

4,921 

208 

1,332 

37 

5,164 

871 

851 

19, 980 

58 

408 

7 

379 

2,087 



2,926 

1,404 

181 

2,465 

1,150 

486 

30 
2,342 

46 

4,931 



43 

2,989 

113 

1,208 

173 

27 

208 

126 

41 

11,485 



Nonemi- 
grant 



150, 763 



35, 116 



15 

298 

463 

22 

645 

1 

625 

15 

203 

2,467 

5,264 

12, 929 

160 

1, 255 

91 

317 

217 

658 

3,042 

32 

89 

31 

851 

1,006 

433 

965 
200 
233 

844 
871 
601 
9 
240 
24 

5,752 



Total 



227, 755 



95,156 



9 

3,488 
196 
1,733 
111 
26 
62 



329 

785 
954 
110 

2,946 
2 

1,316 

30 

722 

3,478 

9,172 

17, 850 

368 

2,587 

128 

5,481 

1,088 

1, 509 

23, 022 

90 

497 

38 

1,230 

3,093 

3,314 

3,891 

1,604 

414 

3,309 
2,021 
1,087 

39 
2,582 

70 

10, 683 



52 

6,477 

309 

2,941 

284 

53 

270 

174 

123 



105,882 117,367 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



+268, 351 



4 97, 296 



-161 

+876 

+301 

+99 

+351 

+231 

+ 1,838 

+ 128 

-83 

+4, 553 

+46, 345 

+6, 091 

+ 183 

+12,995 

+ 1,438 

-4, 177 

+52 

+23,791 

-12,318 

+240 

+226 

+ 122 

+ 1,537 

+3, 946 

+4, 178 

-3, 094 

-269 

+1,665 

-2, 193 
+7, 388 
+ 1,738 

+213 
-1,237 

+303 

-309 



-31 
-445 
+ 135 
-376 
+69 
+21 
+263 
-145 
+200 

+169, 901 



' Residence of a year or more is regarded as permanent residence. 

2 Comprises Andorra, Gibraltar, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, and San Marino. 

3 Includes Afghanistan, Arabia, Bhutan, Iraq (Mesopotamia), Muscat, Nepal, Siam, Siberia, and 
'Asia, not specified." 



34 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 3. — Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by countries — Continued 



Country of last or intended future 
permanent residence 



Canada 

Newfoundland 

Mexico.-- 

Cuba 

Other West Indies- 

British Honduras 

Other Central America - 

Brazil 

Other South America... 

United States ' 

Other America 5... 



Others, total. 



Egypt 

Other Africa 

Australia, including Papua, Tasma- 
nia, and appertaining islands 

New Zealand, including appertaining 
islands. - 

Other Pacific islands* 



1926 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



91,019 

2,349 

43,310 

2.281 

941 

39 

1,335 

877 

2,230 



6 
1,120 



214 
315 



376 



180 
35 



Nonim- 
migrant 



16, 635 

377 

4,590 

10,507 

4,012 

117 

2,139 

501 

3,563 

100, 413 

21 

4,892 



107 

501 

2,936 

1,167 
181 



Total 



107, 654 

2,726 

47, 906 

12, 788 

4,953 

156 

3,474 

1.378 

5, 793 

100,413 



6,012 



321 

816 



3,312 



1,347 
216 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



2,173 

283 

3,198 

1,922 

1,917 

45 

521 

210 

1,215 



1 

536 



38 



134 

19 



Nonemi- 
grant 



17, 458 

466 

3,104 

12,619 

3,587 

98 

1,854 

412 

2,904 

63, 378 

2 

4,013 



41 

183 



2,609 



1,102 

78 



Total 



19,631 

749 

6,302 

14,541 

5,504 

143 

2,375 

622 

4,119 

63, 378 

3 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



+88,023 

-1-1,977 

-f 41, 604 

-1,753 

— 551 

+13 

+ 1,099 

+756 

+ 1,674 

+37, 035 

+24 



4,549 +1,463 



79 
271 

2,866 

1,236 
97 



+242 

+545 



+446 



+ 111 
+ 119 



1 "United States" under nonimmigrants covers aliens returning to this country to resume residence 
therein after a temporary stay abroad; and under nonemigrants covers aliens departing for a visit abroad 
with the intention of returning within one year to renew permanent residence in this country. 

5 Comprises Greenland and the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. 

* Comprises Nauru, New Guinea, Samoa, Yap, and "Pacific islands, not specified." 



REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



35 



Table 3. — Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by countries — Continued 



Country of last or intended future 
permanent residence ' 



1927 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi-i 
grant 



Total 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



All countries.. 
Europe, total. 



Albania.- 

Austria 

Belgium.. 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Danzig, Free City of 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France, including Corsica 

Germany 

Great Britain and Northern Ireland: 

England 

Northern Ireland 

Scotland- 

Wales 

Greece — 

Hungary 

Irish Free State 

Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia... 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Luxemburg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal, including Azores, Cape 

Verde, and Madeira Islands 

Rumania 

Russia 

Spain, including Canary and Balearic 

Islands 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

Turkey in Europe 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe ^ 



-\sia, total. 

Armenia 

China 

India. 

Japan 

Palestine 

Persia 

S>Tia 

Turkey in .\sia.. 
Other .\sia 3 



335, 175 



168, 368 



243 

1,016 
764 
222 

3,540 
223 

2,505 
139 
438 

4,405 
48, 513 

9,990 

491 

12,611 

1,068 

2,089 

813 

28, 054 

17, 297 

403 

770 

111 

1,733 

6,068 

9,211 

567 
1,270 
1,183 

429 
8,287 
2,121 

216 
1,190 

388 

3,669 



13 

1,471 
102 
723 
464 

33 
590 

60 
213 



202, 826 



538, 001 



73,366 



180, 142 ! 253, 508 +284, 493 



39, 096 



207, 464 



55,402 



38,837 I 94,239 | +113,225 



3 

548 

579 

73 

345 

25 

646 

27 

147 

3,893 

5,877 

13, 681 

134 

2,347 

342 

239 

242 

754 

2,609 

31 

67 

16 

1,092 

1,654 

339 

186 
219 
319 

721 
865 
883 

61 
102 

30 

7,171 



1 

3,995 

388 

2,312 

171 

19 

100 

16 

169 



.\merica, total : 161,872 151,057 



246 
1,564 
1,343 

295 
3,885 

248 
3,151 

166 

585 
8,298 
54,390 

23,671 

625 i 

14,958 I 

1,410 ! 

2,328 I 

1,055 ' 

28,808 I 

19,906 i 

434 i 

837 ; 

127 

2,825 

7,722 I 

9,560 I 

753 
1,489 
1,502 

1,150 
9,152 
3,004 

277 
1,292 

418 



14 

5,466 

490 

3,035 

635 

52 

690 

76 

382 

512,929 



237 

468 

482 

130 

2,276 

6 

536 

14 

536 

1,637 

4,748 

4,994 

165 

1,441 

44 

3,130 

841 

1,049 

17, 759 

21 

314 

13 

456 

1,786 

2,650 

2,347 

1,248 

239 

2,178 

1,115 

594 

24 
1,911 

13 



10,840 I 6,007 



20 
4,179 
126 
1,205 
142 
33 
185 
74 
43 

11, 303 



330 
484 
20 ' 
543 I 
3 i 
608 i 

13 

313 

3,501 

5,777 

14,592 

119 

1,579 

87 

259 

278 

806 

2,751 

10 

92 

8 

1,127 

983 

470 

476 
233 
211 

999 

1,008 

808 

U 
308 

22 

5,779 



245 
798 
966 
150 

2,819 
9 

1,144 

27 

849 

5,138 

10, 525 

19, 586 

284 

3,020 

131 

3,389 

1,119 

1,855 

20,510 

31 

406 

21 

1,583 

2,769 

3,120 

2,823 

1,481 

450 

3,177 
2,123 
1,402 

35 1 
2,219 

35 

11, 786 



+1 
+766 
+377 
+ U5 

+ 1,060 
+239 

+2, 007 
+139 
-264 

+3, 160 
+43, 865 

+4, 085 

+341 

+ 11,938 

+ 1,279 

-1,061 

-64 

+26, 953 

-604 

+403 

+431 

+106 

+1, 242 

+4, 953 

+6, 430 

-2,070 

+8 
+1,052 

-2, 027 

+7, 029 

+1, 602 

+242 

-927 

+383 

-946 



9 


29 


3,315 


7,494 


238 


364 


1,932 


3,137 


109 


251 


20 


53 


65 


250 


24 


98 


67 


110 


130, 851 


142, 154 



-15 

-2,028 

+126 

-102 

+384 

-1 

+440 

-22 

+272 

+170, 775 



1 Residence of a year or more is regarded as permanent residence. 

2 Comprises Andorra, Gibraltar, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, and San Marino. 

3 Includes Afghanistan, Arabia, Bhutan, Iraq (Mesopotamia), Muscat, Nepal, Siam, Siberia, and 
"Asia, not specified." 



36 



KEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 3. — Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal years ended June 30, 1926 and 1927, by countries — Continued 



Country of last or intended future 
permanent residence 



Canada _- 

Newfoundland -- 

Mexico 

Cuba -- 

Other West Indies 

British Honduras 

Other Central America. 
Brazil 

Other South America... 

United States* 

Other America ' ..- 



1927 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Others, total. 



Egypt--- 

Other Africa 

Australia, including Papua, Tasma- 
nia, and appertaining islands 

New Zeiland, including appertaining 
islands. 

Other Pacific islands « 



81, 506 

3,074 

67, 7^1 

3,020 

999 

lOS 

1,663 

1,089 

2,688 



4 
1,266 



228 
292 



248 
34 



Nonim- 
migrant 



15, 999 
540 

5,586 

10, 261 

4,492 

116 

2, 323 

518 

3,584 

107, 616 

22 

5,502 



428 

3,541 

1,219 
217 



Total 



97, 505 

3,614 

73, 307 

13, 281 

5,491 

224 

3,986 

1,607 

6,272 

107, 616 

26 

6,768 



325 
720 

4,005 

1,467 
251 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



1,953 

487 

2,957 

1,598 

2,134 

20 

701 

209 

1,244 



654 



379 



129 
34 



Nonemi- 
grant 



28, 889 

739 

4,511 

11,424 

4,247 

131 

2,148 

540 

4,494 

73, 728 



4,675 



289 
3,032 



1,144 
144 



Total 



30, 842 

1,226 

7,468 

13, 022 

6,381 

151 

2,849 

749 

5,738 

73, 728 



5,329 



94 
373 



3,411 



1,273 
178 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



-f 66, 663 

+2,388 

+65, 839 

+259 

-890 

+73 

+1, 137 

+858 

+534 

+33, 888 

+26 

+1,439 



+231 
+347 



+594 



+194 
+73 



< "United States" under nonimmigrants covers aliens returning to this country to resume residence 
therein after a temporary stay abroad; and under nonemigrants covers aliens departing for a visit abroad 
with the intention of returning within one year to renew permanent residence in this country. 

s Comprises Greenland and the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. 

6 Comprises Nauru, New Guinea, Samoa, Yap, and '" Pacific islands, not specified." 



EEPORT OF THE CIOMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



37 



Table 4. — Net increase or decrease of population by admission and departure of 
aliens, fiscal year elided June SO, 1927, by race or people, sex, and age periods 



Race or people 



Total -.- 

African (black) 

A rinenian 

Bohemian and Moravian (Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, and Montenegrin 

Chinese 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and Herzegov- 

inian 

Dutch and Flemish 

East Indian 

English 

Finnish 

French _ 

German 

Greek 

H ebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south) 

Japanese 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Magyar 

Mexican 

Pacific Islander 

Polish 

Portuguese 

Rumanian... , 

Russian 

Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, 

and Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak , 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian 

Turkish 

■\Velsh_... 

West Indian (except Cuban) 

Other peoples. 

SEX 

Male 

Female 

AGE 

Under 16 years 

16 to 21 vears 

22 to 2(J vears 

30 to 37 years 

38 to 44 years 

45 years and over 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- j Nonim- 
grant migrant 



955 

983 
2,406 

600 
1, 051 

821 
1,919 

69 

3,125 

51 

40, 165 

629 

19, 313 

56, 587 

2,557 

11,483 

44, 726 

2,637 

15, 892 

660 

47 

549 

1,049 

66, 766 

8 

4,249 

843 

422 

1,249 

445 

19,235 

25, 544 

1,017 

1,065 

3,185 

684 

112 

1,300 

381 

390 



194, 163 
141,012 



51,689 
77, 636 
105,351 
49, 292 
22, 295 
28, 912 



202, 826 



2,671 
294 

2,254 
849 

7.254 
991 

6,332 

184 

3,780 

167 

39, 851 

1,447 

8,970 

18, 809 

3,456 

3,864 

6.910 

5,549 

20,334 

6,517 

43 

403 

1,524 

13, 873 

11 

1,947 

2,820 

642 

1.241 

135 

11,272 

11,503 

505 

7,738 

4,547 

697 

187 

779 

1,660 

816 



127, 279 
75, 547 



11,034 
12, 150 
48, 276 
50, 445 
34, 546 
46,375 



Total 



538, 001 



3,626 
1,277 
4,660 
1,449 
8,305 
1.812 
8,251 

253 

6, 905 

218 

80. 016 

2,076 

28,283 

75, 396 

6.013 

15,347 

51, 636 

8, 186 

36, 226 

7,177 

90 

952 

2,573 

80, 639 

19 

6,196 

3,663 

1,064 

2,490 

580 

30, 507 
37, 047 
1,522 
8,803 
7,732 
1,381 
299 
2,079 
2,041 
1,212 



321,442 
216, 559 



62,723 
89, 786 
153,627 
99, 737 
56,841 
75, 287 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



73,366 



870 

51 

1,724 

1,592 

4,117 

251 



380 

1,005 

83 

7,449 

577 

1,761 

5,515 

3,140 

224 

1,432 

2,209 

15, 627 

1,148 

52 

331 

946 

2,774 

7 

2,725 

2,363 

1,201 

510 

19 

3,678 

1,930 

693 

2,781 

1,792 

203 

166 

65 

754 

241 



51,536 
21,830 



2,986 
3,300 
17,522 
20, 655 
12,740 
16, 163 



Nonemi- 
grant 



180, 142 



1,585 
134 
1,578 
1,180 
5,764 
195 
7,267 

627 

3,639 

103 

49, 274 

1,669 

8,838 

14,902 

1,491 

1, 395 

5,732 

3,463 

12, 499 

10,315 

71 

404 

971 

8, 180 

20 

2,448 

1,499 

923 

978 

55 

10,446 

8,144 

540 

5,094 

5,049 

431 

162 

298 

2,017 

762 



111,569 
68,573 



10,587 
10, 610 
39,491 
52, 266 
29, 215 
37, 973 



Total 



253, 508 



2,455 
185 
3, 302 
2, 772 
9^881 
446 
8,247 



Increase 

(+) or 

decrease 

(-) 



+284, 493 



14, 124 

10, 074 

1,233 

7,875 

6,841 

634 

328 

363 

2,771 

1,003 



+ 1,171 
+ 1,092 
+ 1,358 
- 1, 323 
- 1, 576 
+ 1,366 
+4 



1,007 


-754 


4,644 


+2, 261 


186 


+32 


56, 723 


+23, 293 


2,246 


-170 


10, 599 


+ 17,684 


20, 417 


+54, 979 


4,631 


+ 1,382 


1,619 


+ 13,728 


7,164 


+44, 472 


5,672 


+2, 514 


28, 126 


+8, 100 


11,403 


-4, 286 


123 


-33 


735 


+217 


1,917 


+656 


10, 954 


+69, 685 


27 


-8 


5,173 


+ 1,023 


3,862 


-199 


2,124 


-1,060 


1,488 


+ 1,002 


74 


+506 



+ 16,3S3 

+26, 973 

+289 

+928 

+891 

+747 

-29 

+ 1,716 

-730 

+209 



163,105 +168,337 
90,403 : +126,156 



13, 573 
13,910 
57, 013 
72, 921 
41,955 
54, 136 



+49, 150 
+75, 876 
+96, 614 
+26,816 
+ 14,886 
+21, 151 



38 



REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF I^E^ilGRATION 



Table 5. — Intended future permanent residence of aliens admitted and last perma- 
nent residence of aliens departed, fiscal year ended June SO, 1927, by States and 
Territories ^ 





Admitted 


Departed 


State or Territory 


Immi- 
grant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emi- 
grant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


Total 


335, 175 


202, 826 


538, 001 


73, 366 


180, 142 


253, 508 








182 

100 

4,873 

181 

26, 029 

840 

6,321 

209 

918 

2,512 

232 

226 

434 

20, 723 

2,570 

1,419 

765 

281 

726 

3,655 

1,241 

25,907 

28,104 

3,316 

177 

1,896 

812 

923 

111 

1,897 

17, 059 

602 

87,864 

421 

809 

9,126 

304 

1,922 

20,097 

1 

141 

2,607 

56 

416 

206 

43, 139 

575 

1,324 

378 

3 

5,440 

516 

4,365 

224 


93 

21 

1,300 

55 

7,147 

240 

2,121 

87 

439 

2,632 

118 

1,835 

93 

6,085 

681 

313 

187 

102 

384 

272 

404 

7,045 

4,394 

494 

99 

637 

130 

215 

49 

223 

6,991 

204 

38, 197 

142 

54 

3,540 

65 

393 

. 7, 276 

18 

510 

851 

19 

66 

38 

7,662 

144 

118 

203 

8 

1,220 

461 

771 

71 

95,909 


275 

121 

6,173 

236 

33, 176 

1,080 

8,442 

296 

1,357 

5,144 

350 

2,061 

527 

26, 808 

3,251 

1,732 

952 

383 

1,110 

3,927 

1, 645 

32, 952 

32, 498 

3,810 

276 

2,533 

942 

1,138 

160 

2,120 

24, 050 

806 

126, 061 

563 

863 

12, 666 

369 

2,315 

27, 373 

19 

651 

3,458 

75 

482 

244 

50,801 

719 

1,442 

581 

11 

6,660 

977 

5,136 

295 

95,909 


43 

26 

405 

10 

4,954 

170 

1,194 

53 

217 

1,360 

54 

634 

85 

3,911 

463 

177 

138 

54 

343 

48 

203 

5,900 

3,128 

327 

32 

334 

101 

101 

44 

25 

3,490 

141 

32, 363 

74 

65 

2, 496 

20 

357 

5,728 


41 

33 

689 

17 

6,613 

183 

1,056 

24 

172 

1,094 

33 

3,307 

81 

4,058 

365 

284 

119 

44 

166 

50 

182 

4,126 

2,707 

371 

10 

309 

165 

101 

57 

57 

2,013 

96 

24, 500 

35 

47 

2,248 

22 

381 

4,007 

2 

346 

262 

22 

58 

33 

3,967 

162 

30 

67 

4 

1,166 

259 

438 

74 

112,789 


84 




59 




1,094 




27 




11,567 




353 




2,250 




77 


District of Columbia 


389 


Florida -- 


2,454 




87 




3,941 




166 




7,969 




828 




461 




257 




98 




509 




98 




385 




10, 026 




5, 835 




698 




42 


Missouri -- 


643 

26(i 




202 




101 


New Hampshire 


82 




6,103 




237 




56, 863 




109 




112 


Ohio - .- 


4,744 


Oregon 

Philippine Islands 

Porto Rico 

Rhode Island 


42 

738 

9,735 

2 


123 

265 

9 

40 

37 

1,467 

105 

29 

91 

3 

1,085 

301 

496 

47 


469 
527 




31 


South Dakota 


98 




70 


Texas 


5,434 


Utah ,.- 


267 




59 




158 




7 




2,251 




560 




934 




121 




112, 789 











1 Residence of a year or more is regarded as permanent residence. 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



39 



Table 6. — Occupations of aliens admitted and departed, fiscal year ended June 30, 

1927, by classes 



Occupation 



Admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
grant 



Total 



Departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi- 
grant 



Total 



All occupations 

Professional, total 

Actors 

Architects 

Clergy 

Editors 

Electricians 

E ngineers (professional) 

Lawyers 

Literary and scientific persons 

Musicians 

OfEcials (Government) 

Physicians 

Sculptors and artists 

Teachers 

Other professional 

Skilled, total 

Bakers _ 

Barbers and hairdressers 

Blacksmiths 

Bookbinders 

Brewers 

Butchers 

Cabinetmakers, _ 

Carpenters and joiners 

Cigarette makers 

Cigar makers 

Cigar packers 

Clerks and accountants 

Dressmakers 

Engineers (locomotive, marine, and sta- 
tionary) 

Furriers and fur workers ._ 

Gardeners 

Hat and cap makers 

Iron and steel workers 

Jewelers.- 

Locksmiths 

Machinists 

Mariners 

Masons 

Mechanics (not specified) 

Metal workers (other than iron, steel, and 

tin) 

Millers 

Milliners 

Miners ._ 

Painters and glaziers 

Pattern makers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers 

Saddlers and harness makers 

Seamstresses '. 

Shoemakers 

Stokers 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

Tanners and curriers 

Textile workers (not specified) 

Tinners 

Tobacco workers 

Upholsterers 

Watch and clock makers 

Weavers and spinners 

Wheelwiights 

Woodworkers (not specified) 

Other skilled 



335,175 202,826 



538, 001 



73, 366 



180, 142 



11, 542 



178 

472 

1,127 

22 

1,454 

2, 395 

173 

408 

642 

392 

486 

182 

2,428 

1,183 

61, 733 



1, 460 

1,132 

814 

102 

10 

1, 091 

173 

4,936 

6 

161 

18 

18,313 

1,611 



154 

765 

76 

2, 380 

408 

2,335 

2,143 

1,372 

1,732 

4,258 

544 

181 

338 

2,134 

1,545 

104 

187 

267 

639 

706 

198 

1, 042 

1, 260 

32t) 

188 

1, 912 

76 

151 

270 

31 

200 

243 

926 

23 

137 

1, 7G6 



21, 090 



32, 632 



2,733 



15, 001 



1,666 
539 

1,611 
146 
484 

3,800 
827 

1,391 
899 

2,837 

1,233 
627 

2,982 

2,048 

31, 041 



720 

308 

25 

12 

442 

101 

2,927 

6 

511 

20 

7,255 

755 

" 758 

160 

377 

37 

855 

217 

220 

1,254 

2,716 

1,381 

1,526 

134 

62 

190 

1,014 

807 

39 

147 

139 

229 

265 

52 

314 

897 

254 

105 

971 

36 

82 

58 

45 

67 

93 

303 

9 

41 

1,305 



1,844 
1,011 
2,738 

168 
1,938 
6,195 
1,000 
1,799 
1,541 
3,229 
1,719 

809 
5,410 
3,231 

92, 774 



2,259 

1,852 

1, 122 

127 

22 

1,533 

274 

7,863 

12 

672 

38 

25, 568 

2,366 

1,647 

314 

1,142 

113 

3,235 

625 

2,555 

3,397 

4,088 

3,113 

5,784 

678 
243 
528 

3,148 

2,352 
143 
334 
406 
868 
971 
250 

1,356 

2,157 
580 
293 

2,883 
112 
233 
328 
77 
267 
336 

1,229 
32 
178 

3,071 



201 

60 

318 

7 

137 

361 

79 

150 

149 

169 

164 

59 

382 

437 

9,474 



1,289 
367 

1,749 

78 

319 

1,935 
762 
989 
709 

1,320 

1,376 
229 

2,451 

1,428 

23, 093 



242 

275 

96 

12 



152 

113 

1,098 

11 

325 

5 

1,501 

202 

256 
58 
134 

2 
193 
56 

5 
511 
564 
286 
427 

95 
77 
43 

705 

247 
19 
33 
50 
75 
43 
6 
43 

257 
69 
39 

337 
12 
76 
26 
3 
22 
18 

286 



31 
278 



467 
407 
160 

19 

10 

286 

196 

2,102 

17 
520 

13 

6,351 

408 

1,719 

140 

279 

12 

360 

150 

21 

1,101 

1,600 

566 

992 

180 

96 

133 

1,118 

552 

30 

94 

132 

184 

166 

17 

135 

272 

129 

81 

516 

17 

207 

49 

1 

51 

48 

""3 

66 
607 



253, 508 



17, 734 



1,550 

427 

2,067 

85 

456 
2,296 

841 
1,139 

858 
1,489 
1, 540 

288 
2,833 
1,865 

32, 567 



709 
682 
256 

31 

10 

438 

309 

3,200 

28 
845 

18 

7,912 

610 

1,975 
198 
413 
14 
553 
206 
26 

1,612 

2,164 
852 

1,419 

275 
173 
176 
1,823 
799 

49 
127 
182 
259 
209 

23 
178 
529 
198 
120 
853 

29 
283 

75 
4 

73 

66 

539 

3 

97 
945 



40 



REPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 6. — Occupations of aliens admitted and departed, fiscal year ended June SO, 
1927, by classes — Continued 



Occupation 



Admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonlm- 
grant 



Total 



Departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi- 
grant 



Total 



Miscellaneous, total 

Agents. -.- 

Banlcers. .-- 

Draymen, hackmen, and teamsters 

Farmers - 

Farm laborers 

Fishermen 

Hotel keepers 

Laborers 

Manufacturers 

Merchants and dealers.. 

Servants... 

Other miscellaneous 

No occupation (including women and 
children) 



125, 561 



86, 843 



223, 182 



41, 183 



r-, 674 



1,827 


3,598 


113 


1,186 


695 


187 


10, 324 


4,429 


23, 698 


5,475 


1,374 


487 


147 


662 


53, 850 


25, 723 


213 


1,645 


3,816 


18, 060 


31,344 


14, 502 


8,938 


10, 889 



63,852 



5,425 

1,299 

882 

14, 753 

29, 173 

1,861 

809 

79, 573 

1,858 
21, 876 
45, 846 
19, 827 



189, 413 



227 

107 

46 

1,400 

146 

130 

71 

29, 229 

86 

2,314 

4,606 

2,821 



19,976 



1,947 

1,248 

161 

3,965 

956 

430 

204 

26,954 

1,428 

18, 039 

10, 360 

11,982 



04, 374 



118,857 



2,174 

1,355 

207 

5,365 

1,102 

560 

275 

56, 183 

1,514 

20, 353 

14, 966 

14,803 



84, 350 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



41 



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720 

1,167 

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469 

484 

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44 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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t^ (N CO ^ 00 00 --^ 
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48 



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50 



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47 

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154 

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335, 175 


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56, 587 

2,557 

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660 

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112 

1,300 

381 

396 




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Chinese _ 

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Dalmatian, Bosnian, and Herzogovinlan 

Dutch and Flemish 

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Fiiiiiisli 

French 

(ierman 

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Hebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

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Japanese 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Mexican.. 

Pacilic Islander 

Polish 

Portuguese 

Rumanian 

Ruthcnian (Russniak) 

Scotch 

Slovak. 

Spanish 

Syrian 

Turkish... 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban) 

Other peoples 



BEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF ILIIMIGEATIOX 51 






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61 





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REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL. OF IMMIGRATION 



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64 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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Cuban. 

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govinian 

Dutch and Flemish 

East Indian 

English.. 


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HEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 65 



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Slovak 

Spanish 

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Other peoples -- 



66 



REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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25 



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REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 67 



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68 



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EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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anjpnion] 'tuBcIg 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 69 



^^ 1 I 1 1 t 


3 ; i'''^"^ 


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70 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 






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EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



71 



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72' 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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French 

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Italian (south) 

Lithuanian 

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Mexican. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OKNKHAI. OF IMMIGRATION 73 



OS Tt< CO iC^i-tf-H I I _) 



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74 



BEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF lilMIGRATION 



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75 



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76 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



■BAiOI 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 77 



>(J0_\ MSN 


i 

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8,676 

241 

4,337 

21, 758 

847 

7.068 

17, 967 

750 

6,396 

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3 

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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 





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98 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF liMMIGRATION 



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KEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 121 






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122 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENER.VL OF IMMIGRATION 123 



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124 REPORT OF THE COM^^SSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

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ItEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONEU tJENEHAL OF IMMIGRATION 125 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 127 













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128 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER QENEIL\L OF IMMIGRATION' 



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130 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 



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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 131 



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West Indian (except Cuban).. 
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132 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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134 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 






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138 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGIUTION 



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of 1924 Sex 


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152 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 48. — Aliens debarred from entering the United States, fiscal year ended 
June 30, W:^7, showing number rejected at the land border stations and at the 
seaports of entry, by causes and sex 





Causes 


Num- 
ber de- 
barred 


Land border stations 


Seaports 




Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Total.... 




I0.76fi 


H,470 


fi,l74 


16,644 


2,860 


2fil 


3,111 



Idiots 1 

Imbeciles 4 

Feeble-minded 31 

Insane, or have been insane 26 

Epileptics 8 

Constitutional psychopathic inferiority 28 

Chronic alcoholism 4 

Tuberculosis (noncontagious.) 3 

Loathsome or dangerous contagious disease.. 306 
Surgeon's certilicale of mental or physical 

defect (not siecifled), which may alTecl 

alien's ability to earn a living 139 

Likely to l)econie a public charge, paupers, 

professional beggars, and vagrants 1,850 

Contract laborers 404 

Assisted aliens 46 

Accompanying aliens (under sec. 18^ 29 

Under 16 years of age, unaccompanied by 

parent ' 43 

Criminals 160 

Immoral classes. 49 

Uad been deiwrted within one year 14 

Unable to read (over 16 years of age) 363 

Under immigration act of IdH 

Undersection 17 40 

Expired immigration visa 12 

Not a nonimmigrant or non<iuota immi- 

Krant alien as sijecificd in visa 342 

Alien ineligible to dtlzensbip with im- 

proi>or visa 86 

Quota immigrant, without visa 9,189 

Alien ineligible to liti/.eii.sliiii. without visa. . 538 
Nonimmigrant or nonquota Immigrant, 

eligible to cilUeuship, without visa .., flt048 





1 ; 


2 


3 1 


13 


8 1 


13 


3 1 


4 


8 


20 


6 


4 




1 




98 


13 


78 

1 IKA 


23 
Sfi2 



1,186 


562 


34U 


44 


23 


22 


8 


15 '' 


31 


12 


102 


53, 


22 


21 ' 


5 


o 


373 


47 


23 


17 


3 




36 


9 


28 


10 1 


5.388 


1850 1 


43 


^i 


3,717 


t Old 




4a 

1,451 
488 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 153 

Table 49. — Permanent residence of contiguous foreign territory applying for 
temporary sojourn in the United States refused admission, fiscal year ended 
June SO, 1927 , by causes 



Causes 


Cana- 
dian 
border 


Mexican 
border 


Total 


Total 


6,303 


1,233 


7.536 











Idiots 

Imbeciles 

Feeble-minded. 
Insane. 



Epileptics 

Constitutional psychopathic inferiority 

Surgeon's certificate of mental or physical defect -.. 

Tuberculosis (noncontagious) 

Loathsome or dangerous contagious diseases 

Chronic alcoholism 

Likely to become a public cbarge 

Vagrants 

Contract laborers 

Assisted fUiens 

Accompmying aliens (under sec. 18) 

Under H'. years of age, unaccompanied by parent. 

Criminals 

Anarchists 

Prostitutes and aliens coming for any immoral purpose 

Aliens who are supported hy or receive proceeds of prostitution 

Aliens who procure or attempt to bring in prostitutes or females for any 

immoral purpose 

Had been deported within one year 

Unable to read (over Ifl years of age) 

Without proper visa under immigrotlon act of 1924 



1 

3 

8 

14 

17 

28 

67 

1 

93 

6 

1,677 



323 
40 
60 
52 

117 

1 

44 



15 

22 

647 

3,067 



3 
3 
1 
2 
71 
1 

168 
2 

206 
1 



12 
11 

16 

1 

64 

452 



1 

3 

11 

17 

18 

30 

138 

2 

261 

8 

1,973 

1 

323 

40 

126 

54 

188 

1 

56 

11 

31 

23 

701 

3,519 



66175—27- 



-11 



154 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGR^VTION 





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156 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGR.\TION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 157 



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Eastlndian 

English 

Finnish _ 

French 

German 

Greek 


Hebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north). 

Italian (south) 

Japanese 

Korean 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 159 



:;;;;;; ; ;:;:;;;; la : 2 " ?3 


|«D 1 1 lO^-l 1 1 iiO 1 1 1 i-t 1 ICO ^H QO CO O 
1 1 1 1 ,-1 1 1 If* 1 1 1 1 1 »-l CO •-• CO 


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160 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL. OF IMMIGRATION 



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KEPOUT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 161 



MM -H O 



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162 HEIHIRT OF THh- roMMlsSIONEK GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REFOBT OF THE COMMIS8IONKR UENER-VL OF IMMIGRATION 163 






■ •>•-••» -OTS 



fi— - ;— ; •■ 




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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

^ mv* — » 2 



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166 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGEATION 



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japinoqg 



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pwe 'aSBniiBo 'lunaisouad 
gnjpnpui " 'maisAs snoassp 



qoaads jo subSjo 



jqSis JO subSio 



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jon) aoiiBJids'aj jo sntj3jo 



anueaq jo sneSaQ 



sauSio XJo^oejio I 5q 



paiBls loK I g; I 



(pagpads ion) uiaisjCs snoA.ia>j 



(pagpads ion) snopnai 
Snipnpdi 'iiiois.*;s Jtjjnosni^ 

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saqni {Biqanoiq 'ejnaid 'sSnnq 



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ion) 



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168 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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178 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL, OF IMMIGRATION 

Tablk 59. — Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections IS and 22, fiscal year 
ended June 30, 1927, by race or people 





Total 


Chi- 
nese 


Ger- 
man 


He- 
brew 


Ital- 
ian 


Japa- 
nese 


Ko- 
rean 


All 
other 


Number granted treatment 


107 


71 


1 


4 


7 


13 


2 








Diseases: 

Trachoma 


6 
3 

84 
14 

85 
6 

10 
6 

89 
5 
1 
2 

10 

39 
13 
20 
5 
30 

78 
29 

16 

85 

6 


1 




1 
1 


3 
2 






i 


Tinea tonsurans 






Uncinariasis 


69 

1 

58 
6 
2 
5 

68 
1 




13 


2 


8 

6 


Other diseases 


1 
1 


2 
1 


2 

4 


Result of treatment and disposition: 

Cured and admitted 


13 


2 


Cured but not disposed of 


Still under treatment. 


1 


2 

1 


3 






3 


Otherwise disposed of 







Length of treatment: 

Under 1 month 




13 


2 


5 

1 


Under 2 months 




3 


Under 4 months 




1 
1 
2 

2 
1 
...... 






5 to 10 months 




. 


1 
3 

5 
1 
1 








Still under treatment, length of time not stated. . 


2 

30 
7 

10 
2 

22 

55 
16 

7 
61 
3 


--fl 
- 






3 
2 


By whom expenses were paid: 

Parent 






Husband. 


4 
3 




Self 


...... 


3 
2 
2 

8 
1 


Relative 


Other 




6 

4 
9 

4 
8 
1 


2 


Sex: 

Male 


1 

...... 

1 


2 
2 

1 
2 

1 


6 
1 

4 


Female 


Under 16 vears 


16 to 44 years 


2 


9 


45 years and over 









Table 60. — Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, fiscal year 
ended June 30, 1927, by ports 







Diseases 


Result of treatment 
and disposition 


Length of treatment 








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1 






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Total- 


107 


6 


3 


84 14 


85 


6 


10 


6 


89 


5 


1 


2 


10 




New York, N. Y 


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5 


3 




13 


12 


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1 


6 


4 


1 


9 


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San Francisco, Calif. 


31 
55 


1 




30 
54 


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29 
44 


.— .. 


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1 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF niMIGEATIOX 179 

Table 61. — Alien seamen deserted, ordered held on board vessel, escaped, removed 
from vessel, certified for contagious disease, and removed to hospital for treat- 
ment, as specified, fiscal year ended June 30, 1927, by districts 





Alien seamen 




Deserted 


Ordered held 
on board vessel 

lEscaoed 


Removed 1 

toimmi- pprtified^^^^'^ 
gration <- pruned ^^^ 


District 


Chi- 
nese 


Jap- 
anese 


Others 


Total 


Under 
section 
20, im- 
migra- 
tion 
act of 
1924 


after 
! being 
Not , ordered 
on detained 
visaed on 
crew vessel 
list 1 


station or 
elsewhere 
for safe- 
keeping 
pending 
depar- 
ture of 
vessel 


loath- 
some or 
danger- 
ous con- 
tagious 
disease 


other 
seamen 
removed 
to hos- 
pital for 
treat- 
ment 


All districts.. - 


438 


66 


22,943 


23,447 


13, 672 


4,630 113 


1.456 


2,025 


2,189 


New York, N. Y.... 

Boston, Mass 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Portland, Me. 


354 
9 
15 
10 


21 

2 

1 


12, 159 

407 

2,281 

2,652 

178 

2,987 

380 

541 

618 

385 

73 

75 

130 

3 

26 

48 


12,534 

416 

2,298 

2,663 

178 


993 
209 
331 
195 

1 


427 35 
111 , 7 
118 5 
201 21 
60 


114 
15 
279 
..... 


604 

242 

181 

159 

10 

332 

60 

199 

68 

15 

40 

10 

68 

4 

25 

8 


883 
162 
181 
245 

in 


Norfolk, Va 




2,987 ! 1,482 

388 : 200 

551 335 

628 116 

410 31 

89 55 

88 ' 65 

140 9,427 

3 1 121 

26 1 24 

48 i 87 


3,082 24 344 


38 


Jacksonville, Fla 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tes 

San Francisco, Calif. 


7 
7 
2 
24 
2 
2 


1 
3 
8 
1 
14 
11 
4 


43 1 
241 4 
119 1 

5 

52 


142 

117 

142 

14 

26 

17 

246 


39 

306 

133 

14 

40 


Seattle, Wash ■.. 


94 


21 


Los Aneeles, Calif...! 6 
Honolulu, Hawaii 1. 


7 8 


85 
12 






75 2 




20 























Table 62. — Vessels boarded and alien seamen examined by immigration officers, 
and United States citizens serving as seamen on vessels boarded, fiscal year ended 
June 30, 1927, by districts 



District 



Vessels boarded 



In 
foreign 
trade 



In 
coast- 
wise 
trade 



Total 



Alien 

seamen 

examined 



United 
States 
citizens 
serving 
as sea- 
men on 
vessels 
boarded 



All districts... 

New York, N. Y 

Boston, Mass 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Portland, Me 

Norfolk, Va-- 

Jacksonville, Fla 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

San Francisco, Calif 

Portland, Oreg . 

Seattle, Wash 

Los Angeles, Calif.. 

Alaska 

Honolulu, Hawaii- - 

Porto Rico- 

Great Lakes 



32,289 



5,458 

],427 

1,347 

2,115 

293 

2,047 

2,627 

2,821 

1,222 

471 

283 

2,607 

2,893 

942 

343 

1,182 

4,211 



4,894 



37,183 



1, 144, 086 



84 
387 

39 
712 

10 
325 
445 
346 
597 
395 
9 
4 
291 



402 

848 



5,542 

1,814 

1,386 

2,827 

303 

2,372 

3,072 

3,167 

1,819 

866 

292 

2,611 

3,184 

942 

343 

1,584 

5,059 



500,924 
59, 397 
37, 912 
42,331 

5,695 
76,600 
61, 146 
68,329 
44,960 
16,563 

9,703 
87,033 
49,531 

8,876 
34, 813 
22,252 
18,021 



238,598 



7a 187 

9,856 

6,988 

10,219 

781 

1,820 

33,161 

34,731 

16, 737 

3,080 

1,711 

11,506 

15,520 

2,841 

4,812 

12,373 

2,275 



180 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 63. — Comparison between alien arrivals and head-lax 8elllemeiit-<, li.scil 

year ended June SO, 1927 

Immigrant aliens admitted 335, 1/5 

Nonimmigrant aliens admitted 202, 820 

Aliens debarred -- 1^- "55 

Aliens admitted from insular possessions or mainland ports. 4. 909 

Aliens debarred from insular possessions _ 2S 

Admitted under general order No. 86 2,767 

Aliens died ^1^ 

Erroneous head-tax settlements 2. 60tj 

Head-tax cases pending from last vear 55, 820 

623, 902 

Exempt from head-tax payments, as follows: 

In transit (groups) - 2, 389 

Otner transits (includes 5,188 Chinese in transit 
under bond across land territory of the United 

States) ,--- -19.519 

One-year residents of Canada, Newfoundlaml, Mexico, 

and Cuba, coming for a temporary stay 7, 345 

Domiciled aliens returning - 15,383 

Government officials and consular passengers 5. 508 

Aliens residents of the Philij)i)ine or Virgin Islands. . . 1. 307 
Alieis from Porto Rico a'ld Hawaii, wlio reached saiii 
islands prior to Julv 1, 1907, or subseciuent to May 

1, 1917 1 - --- 1.399 

Aliens admitted to Porto Rico and Hawaii from main- 
land.. - 2,203 

Under 16 years of age. accompanied by parents 55, 729 

Under general order No. 86 — 467 

Alien veterans 4, 514 

Exemptions on account ot aliens debarred 19, 422 

Citizens erronef)iisly manifested 1, 879 

Total.. 167,064 

Head-tnx iiavnitui- itnding at close of vear 46, 150 

■ 213,214 

Aliens on whom head-tax was paid. '410, 688 

Amount of head tax collected during the yejir S3, 285, 493 

Table 64. — Japanese aliens applied for admission, admitted, debarred, deported, 
and departed, fiscal years ended June SO, 19S6, and 1927 ' 



Applicants for admission 

Admltteci 

Debarred from entry 

Deported after entry 

Departures 



1937 



Continental 
United 
State* 



4,«>7 

4.852 

45 

83 

7,751 



HawaU 



1.132 

1.126 

8 



2.840 



Continental 
United 
States 



5^527 

5.4T7 

SO 

S8 

8.102 



UawaU 



I.TT 
7 



3.271 



• Admissions include both Immlirrant and nonlmmlRrant allflns, and dcpirtiiros Include both e>niRrail 
and noap.iiicrant nlicns. Durine the flscal year endivl June 30. I'f^T, 27 Koreans were admllied to Hawaii' 
1 was debarred, and 61 departed therflfroin; n3 Kort-.vns were admitted to eontinontal United States. 3 we» 
debarred. 4 were deportea after entry, and 02 departed therefrom. 



> Three aliens were taxed at $4 each, and 410,0S5 at iS each. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 181 

Table 65. — Increase or decrease of Japanese population by alien admissions and 
departures, fiscal years ended June SO, 1926 and 1927, by months ' 



Month 



Total fiscal year 1926. 



July 

AURUSt 

September. 

October 

November. 
December.. 

Januarj' 

February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 



Total fiscal year 1927. 



July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December.. 

January 

February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 



Continental United States 



Admitted 



4,652 



385 
338 
325 
430 
342 
296 
218 
301 
506 
679 
522 
410 



5.4n 



547 
506 
457 
474 
435 
381 
206 
375 
441 
637 
456 
562 



Hawaii 



Increase 

Departedi{+) or de-' Admitted 

crease (—) 



7.751 



412 
422 
927 
861 
706 
813 
598 
524 
717 
618 
627 
526 



-3,099 



1,126 



-27 
-84 
-602 
-431 
-364 
-517 
-380 
-223 
-211 
-39 
-105 
-116 



77 
137 
116 
118 
116 
152 
61 
73 
98 
109 



69 



Departed 



455 
499 
S63 
744 
1,122 
769 
620 
614 
658 
607 
615 
626 



2,040 



Increase 
(+) or de- 
crease (— ) 



342 ' 

142 : 

322 I 
265 
226 I 
87 1 

96 : 

174 I 
348 
412 I 



226 



+92 


187 


275 


+7 


149 


229 


-406 


176 


27fi 


-270 


287 


022 


-687 


117 


169 


-388 


173 


130 


-414 


79 


49 


-239 


72 


138 


-217 


119 


295 


+30 


96 


402 


-159 


99 


420 


-64 


146 


266- 



-1,514 



-265 

-5 

-206 

-147 

-110 

+65 

-35 

-101 

-250 

-303 

-157 



8,192 j -2,715 j 1,700 I 3,271} -1,571 



-88 

-80 

-100 

-335 

-52 

+43 

+30 

-66 

-176 

-306 

-321 

-120 



• Admissions Include both Immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens, and departures Inclule both emigrant 
and nonemigrant aliens. 

• Figures for this month included with later month. 



182 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OK IMMIGRATION 



T\RiK GG — Occuvations of Japanese aliens admitted and departed, fiscal year 

ended June 30, 1927 



Occupation 



All occupations. 

Professional, 
total 



Actors ■ 

Architects. 

CltTRV • 

Kditors 

Klcitricians 

Knpineers (profes- 
sional) --■ 

Liiwyors 

Litiriiry and scien- 
tific jtersons 

Magicians 

Officials (Oovern- 
nu'nt) 

Phvsicians 

Sculptors and artists. 

Tcaihcrs 

Other professional — 

Skilled, total... 



btUr- 



Bftkers 

liarbfrs and 
dressers 

Blacksmiths 

Butchers 

Carpenters and Join- 
ers 

Clerks and account- 
ants 

Dressmakers 

Engineers flocomo- 
tive, marine, and 
stationiiryj 

Furriers and fur work- 
ers 

Gardeners .-. 

Hat and cap makers 

Iron and steol work- 
ers 

Jewelers 



Continental 
United States 



Ad- De- 
mitted parted 



6.477 1 8,192 



739 



69 
IS 
43 
14 
3 

114 
7 

41 



336 1 


263 


65 


76 


3 


2 


140 


09 


31 1 


91 



Hawaii 



Ad- De- I 
mi t ted parted' 



1.700 3,271 



106 



160 



70 I 

1 
37 

2 



Occupation 



Machinists 

Mariners 

Masons 

Mechanics (not speci- 
fied) 

MetAl workers (other 
than iron, steel and 
tin) 

Milliners 

Miner! 

r . ■ I glaziers. 



Continental 
United Stotes 



Ad- 1 De- 
mittfld parteil 



Hawaii 



18 



Ad- De- 
mitted parted 



Tailuri.. 

Tinners 

Watch and clock 
makers 

Weavers and spin- 
ners 

Other skilled 



16 



71 




Table 67. — Miscellaneous Chinese transactions, fiscal year ended June 30, 192"^, 

by ports 



Class 



United States citizens (Chinese) admitted 

Alien Chinese admitted 

Alien Chinese del)arred 

Chinese ^rantcHl the iirivilege of transit in bond across 

land territory of the United States 

Chinea> denied the privilege in transit in bond across 

land territory of the Uniteil Stales 

Chinese pninted the privilepe of transit by water 

Chinese with return certiflcaies dej^riinp: 

Laborers 

Merchants 

Merchants' wives -- 

Students - 

Teachers - - 

Native born - - 



3,176 
3,1 
595 

5^188 

3 

876 

1,547 

171 

13 

20 

1 

2,824 



64 

113 
25 

1,295 



329 



all 



160 



i\ 



1,800.. .11,127 

1,132 11.544 

250...' 160 



787 

1 
713 

406 

160 

13 

20 



1,070 



492 



741 



1,054 






127 
29 
02 

1,333 



19| 
33 
20 

802 

2 



227 
256 
26 



242 



250 



HF.I'ORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 183 

Tahlk 68. — Aliens admilted to continental United States from insular United States, 
fiscal years ended June SO, 1908 to 1927, by ports 





Number adniitt 


e<l from all insulars 


duri 


ng— 


Total number admitted, 1908- 
1927, from— 


Port 


Three Ten 
years, years, 
1908- ! 1911- 
1910 1 1920 

1 






Fiscal year— 






Ha- 1 Porto 
waii Rico 


Philip- Vir- 
pinc ein 


Orand 




1021 


1922 


1923 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


Is- 
lands 


Is- 
lands 


total 


All ports 


1 
4,884 26,455 


2,623 


1,957 


2,314 


2.978 


2,181 


2.215 2,517 


28,82115.180 


2,325 


1.798 


48,124 


<ow York, N. Y... 
*hil(i<lephia, Pa 


1,442 


8, 350 

1 


1,094 
..... 


947 

1 


1,112 


1,054 


917 


908 
3 
1 


1,057 
..... 


16 15,057 

2, 3 

in 


9 


1,789 


16,871 
5 


lalliinort', Md 




4 


1 


1 





2 

1 


12 


^ewiiort N'l'ws, La. 





1 
4 






1 


'•"•'■■Ik, Va 














1 





3 
15 
2 


2 


5 


ion, S. C... 




15 














IS 


riville, Fla... 


2 






















2 


> ,1. Fla 










1 
1 
1 








1 






1 


vioi.ilr, Ala 




















1 
77 
11 






1 


Nt A Orleans, La... 


4 


66 

7 


1 
1 

1,384 


906 


6 
1 

966 

3 

22 

48 

152 


2 


4 


3 
2 

923 


Vi MU 






77 


ialvrstoii, Tex 






11 


Ian Francisco, 
Calif 


3.399 


iR tnn 


1 574 


866 


8S5 


1,328 

6 

759 

218 


4 

1 


26,926 
13 


'ortland, Orog 


1 ' 6 

30 708 
U 1.2S2 


2 

3» 
51 




2: 6 - 


ilealllo, Wash 

3ana<lian Pacific .. 


14 

\7R 


26 
77 


21 
30 


19 
32 
363 


2ll 138 

44 1,490 

461! 1 57A 





897 
1,708 


Mexican border 




lOJ 1 


2581 334 





3 1 


1 579 










n 















■'■ 1 housand two hundre<I thirty-one alions were admitted to Hawaii and 972 to Porio Hie n from coutl- 
I iiite<l States; II aliens to Hawaii from the I'hilij'pine Islands; and 178 to Porto Hico from the 
Islands, durinc the fiscal year lir.'7. 

rATtMi 09. — Arrivals in and departures from the Philippine Islattds, calendar year 
1926, by classes, as specified 





Admitted 


1 ••■|.;ir!r^.l 


Class 


Male Foinalo 


Total 


Mal« 


Female 


Total 


Grati'l total 


27,329 i C212 


33,541 


27.242 


4.423 


31 665 






Total from and to foreign countries 


22,986 


4,514 


27,500 


17,122 


3,129 


20,251 






iliens 

Citizens of: 

Continental United States 

Philippine Islands 


19,622 

1,100 

2,244 

18 

2 


2,803 

961 
750 


22,425 

2,061 

2,994 

18 

2 


14,709 

1.023 

1,387 

2 

1 


1,463 

957 

709 


16,172 

1,980 

2,096 

2 


Hawaii 


' '! her insular possessions 


1 






Total from and to Unitcl .<t:>i<>s nn! it>; insular 
possessions 


4,343 


1,698 


can 


10,120 


1,294 


11,414 


ilions • 

Citizens of: 

Continental United States 


73 

797 
3,465 


38 

1,185 
474 


111 

1.082 
3,939 


58 

829 
9,233 


24 

1,071 

197 

2 


82 
1,900 


Philippine Islands 


9,430 


Hawaii 


2 


Other insular possessions ■ 


8 


1 


9 


















184 KEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 70. — Aliens admitted to and aliens departed, debarred, and deported from 
the Philippine Islands, calendar year 1926, by classes, as specified 





Admitted 




Departed 






Immi- 
grant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emigrant 


Nonem- 
igrant 


Total 


Total 


14,041 


8,384 


22,425 


069 


15.203 


16,172 


Sex: 


11,867 
2,174 

2,240 

11,110 

691 

6,052 
7,989 

10, 467 

26 

88 

274 

31 

84 

27 

2,552 

16 

33 

33 

269 

151 

263 

222 

14 

1,657 

23 

1,644 

800 

0.418 

484 

13.465 


7,755 
629 

293 

7,309 

782 

2,991 
5,393 

7,052 
20 
28 

395 
22 
59 
38 

388 
29 
63 
24 

152 

114 

391 

167 

2 

137 

4,236 

2.358 

153 

040 

136 

506 

7,688 

64 


19,622 
2,803 

2,533 

18,419 

1,473 

9.043 
13,382 

17, 519 

46 

116 

669 

53 

143 

65 

2,940 

45 

96 

57 

411 

265 

654 

389 

16 

1,794 

4,259 

4.002 

953 

10,368 

620 
13,971 
> 7,688 

146 


794 
175 

21 
747 
201 


13, 915 
1,288 

988 
11.907 
2,308 


14,709 




1,463 


Age: 


1 000 




12,654 




2,509 


Literacy: 












Races: 


87 

2 
31 
66 

8 
14 

2 
628 

2 
10 

2 
192 
25 

66 

90 

7 

343 

64 
150 

46 
203 

298 
086 


13,150 
46 
57 

636 
58 
96 
36 

624 
26 
78 
29 

213 

154 

263 

271 

6 

77 
8.056 
3,613 

81 
2.848 

377 

1.330 

13,322 

174 


13,237 




48 




88 




702 


French 


66 


Oerrnan .. 


110 




38 




1,152 


Portuguese 


28 




88 


Scotch 


31 


Spanish 


405 




179 


Occupations: 


319 


Skilled 


361 




12 




420 




8,119 


Merchants and dealers 


3,783 


M iscell aneous 


127 


No occupation .. 


3,051 


Last permanent residence of aliens ad- 
mitted and future permanent residence 
of aliens departed: 


635 


Asia 


2,018 




> 13,323 


All others 


02 


26 


100 








Debarred 


Deported 


Total 




183 






33 








Kaces: 

Chinese 


180 
2 




33 













> Returning to Philiplne Islands after a temporary absence therefrom. 

* Intended to return to Philippine Islands after a temporary absence therefrom. 



r?:port of the commissioner general of immigration 185 

Table 71.— \ct increase oj populatiun, by admission and departure of aliens, 
fiscal years ended June 30, 190S to 1927 



Porioil or your 



1910. 



1911. 
1912. 
1913. 
1914. 

191 r,. 
I9ir,. 

1917. 
191H 
1919. 
1920. 



1921. 
1922. 
192J. 
192 J. 
19i5. 

192<). 
1927. 



Grand total, 20 
years. 1908-1927. 



Total 10 years, 
1911-1920 



Admitted 



Departed 



immigrant Nomm- 



11,590,613 3,044,3.>( 



Total I Emigrant 



14,034,967 



3,818,060 



Nonemi- 
grant 



3.361,234 



782.870 I 141.8^5 (t24.(;9.T mi. 073 319. 7.S5 

751,786 ' 192,449 94-1.235 225.802 | 174,590 

1,041.570 1 l.V,. 467 I 1.198.037 202. 4.% i 177.982 



5.735.811 



878,587 
838,172 
1.197,892 
1.218,480 
326,700 
298,838 
295,403 
110.618 
111. I i J 
li.i. INI 



1.376,271 



, UZ0S2 : 2.146.994 



1.841.163 



Total 



years, 
1921-1925 2,638,913 



805,228 
309,556 
.S22,919 

7()r,, .-lur, 
294.314 

304,488 
335,175 



151,713 1,030,300 295.666 222.549 

178.983 1,017. 155 I 333,262 282.030 

229,335 1,427.227 306,190 303,734 

184,601 1,403.081 .303,338 I 330,467 

107. .'.44 134.244 204.074 1 180,100 

'.: -.• •" ":- ! -X.I. 7(i.S ! lll.fM2 

' ■ - - Mi. 277 NO. 102 

I'l . , . ; - •<1. .'►s.'i 9H. (vs:< 

'.!.'.. ^>^■.l .'.;:. i:.': \Zi.':i '.c. ;(><» 

\'.i\.:r:; ..21.-:.. J^^. ^:^ liv, 7i7 



782.898 I 3.421.811 i 697,397 716,839 



Total 



7, 379. 294 



714.828 
400,392 
380,418 



S. 157 



518,215 
615. 292 
611.924 
633,605 
384.174 
240. 807 
14».. 379 

1 \y.\. 2m 

•l\i\.SM 

1-N. (•(,.' 



Increase 



7, 255, 673 



209,867 
543, 843 
817.619 



3.123.925 



512,085 

401.863 

815.303 

769. 276 

M. 070 

12,1,941 

21i>. 498 

18.585 

20.790 

193,514 



172. 9:4- 
122, Ih ■ 

va, 4.s: 

!7i40«i 
I04. 121 

191. (1!8 
302. N26 



4.i». 4.5.T 



496. lun 
538.001 



217.718 
19S. 712 
81.450 
7t>. 7s9 
92,72s 

76. 992 
73. 3<!6 



178.313 
146.672 
119.1,36 
139.956 
132.762 

150.763 
180. 142 



1,414,236 2,007,575 



426,031 
34.S. ,384 
200.586 
216, 745 
225. 490 

227. 755 
253,508 



552,132 
87, 121 
472, 820 
662, 5.57 
232.945 

268,351 
284,493 



T.\BLK 72. — Xct increase of population. Ixj admission and departure of aliens, 
calendar years 1918 to 192H 



Year ended l>i'c»Mnber31— 



I'.ii^. 

1919. 
19J0. 
1921 . 
1922. 
1923. 
1924. 
1925. 
1926. 



Admitted 



Inimi- I Nonimmi- 



Departed 



grant 



grant 



Total Emigrant 



Total 9 years, 1918- 
192<5 1 3, 



r49, 748 1, 446, 0'»2 5, 196. 390 , 1, i81, 601 



115,916 
247, 3.S8 
708,562 
563,905 
381, 167 
751,050 
3.M, 770 
290,725 
336,295 



109,500 
149. 81)4 
209.056 
129,098 
138. 527 
1.54.958 
172.025 
178, 979 
204,095 



225,416 
397. 162 
917,618 
693,603 
519, 694 
906.008 
.528, 795 
469. 704 
,'►10. 390 



80,612 

261.718 

261, 721 

245, 978 

11.5,973 

70, 610 

90,121 

81,689 

73, 179 



Nonemi- 
grant 



1, 258, 578 



103,333 

130,808 
160,796 
167, 573 
126.324 
128,645 
141,718 
136,110 
163,271 



Increase 



Total 



2,540,179 2,656,211 



183,945 
392,526 
422,517 
413,551 I 
242.297 I 
199,255 
231,8.39 ; 
217,799 I 
236,450 I 
I 



41,471 
4,636 
495, 101 
280,052 
277, 397 
70«i, 753 
2W,9.')0 
251, 905 
303.940 



UGl' 



-27- 



-13 



186 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 73. — Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June SO, 1908 to 
1927, by principal countries of last permanent residence 



Last permuueut residence 



Period or year 



Number | 
' admitted 



Europe 



Grand total 20 
years, 1908-1927.. 3, 044, 354 1670,200 



Total 3 years, 1908- 
1910 - 



490,741 88,609 



1908 - 141,825 28,W1 

1909 192,449 24,667 

1910 i 156,467 I 35,001 



Total 10 years, ' I 

1911-1920 1,376,271 355,471 



Canada 
and 
New- 
found- 
land 



143,294 230,303 



9,623 37,038 



3,475 ' 12,560 
3,352 I 13,895 
2,796 10,583 



69,416 108,124 



Mexico 



71.034 



West 
Indies 



Centra | 

and 
South j 
Amer- i 

ica 



United 
States > 



241,322 191,911 1,537,844 57,456 



Other 
coun- 
tries 



5,479 17,349 ' 0,388 320,098 



3,157 



1,574 4,270 3,231 ' 86,814 960 

1,767 6,704 3,109 13S,»15 1,050 
2,148; 7,375 1 3,048 94,360 1,147 



36,099 104.607 42.185 636,740 | 23,530 



1911 151,713 ' 38,354 

1912 178,983 58,782 

1913 229,335 ; 93,078 

1914 184,601 j 56,107 

1915 ' 107,544 16,571 

1910 ' 67,922 11,627 

1917 1 67,474 I 12,168 

1918 101,235 14,446 

1919 95,889 19,141 

1920 i 191,575 36,197 



2,565 
1,939 
1,658 
1, 148 
2,273 ; 
1,579 
1,664 ' 

35,713 
7,301 

13,480 ! 



12,477 
11,556 
14.165 
15,459 
9,983 
5, 717 
3.082 
3,800 
11,504 
19, 472 



2,0<i6 
l.y46 
2,134 
2,410 
2,352 
1,418 
2,266 
5,111 
9,783 
0,613 



7,130 
8,299 
8,591 
9, 052 
7,78-1 
9. 120 
10,790 
11,203 
13, 421 
10,301 



3,720 
3,008 
4,428 
4.053 
3,270 
3,443 
3. 327 
3,801 
4,109 
7,877 



83.949 
90, 8M 
103,150 
04. 957 
62,935 
32.915 
31, 127 
25.291 
27,287 
84,275 



1,452 
1,639 
2.131 
2, 416 
2, 367 
2,007 
2,150 
1.771 
3,163 
4,354 



Total 6 years, 1021- 1 

1925 782,898 |l50, 134 > 50,123 



51,680 



20, 180 90, 004 27, 477 I 372, 077 20, 323 



1021 172,935 27,725 10,009 

1922 122, 949 22, 952 7,175 

1923 150,487 , 29,624 ' 6,516 

1924 172,406 37,374 10,066 

1925 164, 121 I 32, 459 7,267 

1 I 

1920 101,618 36,890 1 6,061 

1927 1 202,826 30,090 7,171 



13,748 
10. 824 

o.rji 

8, .IIW 
8,770 

17.013 
16,639 



3,004 
3.477 
3.510 
4, 553 
4,727 

4,590 
6.686 



18, 670 
15.4:M 
19,908 
21, 347 
14,045 

14,510 
14,763 



5.814 
4,420 
5,173 
6,118 
5,052 

6,320 
6,641 



80.630 
55, 242 
72,040 
79, M8 
85,208 

100,413 
107,010 



3,336 
3,425 
3,076 
4.502 
:.. 084 

4,013 
6.524 



■ Aliens returning to the United States after a temporary visit abroad for less than a year. 



PKPORT OF THE COAQIISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 187 

Tablu 74. — Xonetnigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 190S to 
1927, by principal countries of intended future permanent residence 



Pc-riod or year 



Grand total 20 
years, 1908-1927.. 

Total 3 years, 1908- 
1910. 



190J>. 
1909. 
1910. 



Total 10 years, 1911- 
1920 



Number 
departed 



Intended future permanent residence 



Europe Asia 



Canada 
and 

New- Mexico 

found- 
land 



3,561,234 956,034 ll06,2S0 



672,327 241,287 9,949 



319,755 
174,590 
177,982 



1,841,103 



1911 222,549 

1912 282,030 

1913 303,734 

1914 330,467 

1915 180,100 

1910 ' 111,012 

1917 80,102 

1918 98,6a3 

1919 92.709 

1920 ' 139,747 



Total 5 years, 1921- 

1925 ■ 716,839 



1921 : 178,313 

1922 146,672 

1923 119,136 

1924 , 139,956 

1925 132,762 

1926 150,763 

1927 180.142 



149, 783 
58,998 
32,500 



4,585 
2,967 
2.397 



570, 029 67, 566 



46,094 i 6,529 



6,597 1,996 
6,689 I 2.558 
33,40^ 1,975 



408 



438,936 58,418 377,112 ' 38,245 



50.044 
50,882 
56,631 
78,642 
63,462 
33,562 
16. 149 
in, 312 
32,214 
35,038 



2,000 
1,822 
1.213 
1,395 
1,564 
1,477 
1,473 
35,938 
6,023 
5,513 



34,913 
63. 33»'. 
W.OIO 
75, 482 
26,051 
21.9S1 
16.9.16 
8, 575 
11,452 
24,386 



2.290 
2.231 
2.302 
2,959 
2.111 
2, 196 
1.951 
.1.029 
10,499 
6,677 



West 
Indies 



313, 778 



28,272 



Central 

and 
South ' 
Amer- ! 

ica I 



United 
States 1 



03,075 1,405,998 



10, 888 325, 661 



9,220 
8,984 
10,068 



3,802 
3,470 
3,616 



142.682 
89,940 
93.039 



146, 760 



43.722 



716,641 



201,858 26,352 98,671 15.177 



59.866 
46.403 
28,773 
33,951 
.32,865 

35,116 
38,837 



6.248 
5.310 
4.409 
4,937 
5,448 

5,762 
5,779 



21.009 
17.202 
21,447 
25,493 
13,620 

17,9^4 
29,628 , 



4. 9.S9 
2.390 
2. 403 
2,773 
2,652 

3,104 
4,511 



10,754 
12,829 
12.410 
14, 444 
14,276 
13,634 
16,335 
14,418 
13,896 
23,764 



3,843 
4.229 
4,303 
4,029 
4,453 
4,559 
4,273 
3,898 
3,323 
6,212 



117,135 
138, 930 
130, 946 
150,593 
66,118 
31,848 
21,260 
12.806 
12,603 
34,402 



100,869 25,884 I 226,590 



31,759 
18.656 
16.727 
21,636 
18,091 

16,206 
16,671 



6,801 
4,803 
4,397 
4,835 
5,048 

5,208 
7,313 



44. 764 
49, 373 
37,984 
43. 218 
51,261 

63,378 
73,728 



Other 
coun- 
tries 



48.504 



3,047 



1,090 
984 
973 



21.329 



1,570 
1,781 
1,91> 
2,323 
2,065 
1,785 
1,725 
1,707 
2,609 
3.765 



15,438 



2,907 
2,535 
2,996 
3,113 
3,887 

4.016 
4,675 



' Aliens intending to return to the United States after n temporary visit abroad for less than a year. 

Table 75. — United States citizens permanently departed, fiscal years ended June 
SO, 1918 to 1927, by principal countries of intended future permanent residence 





Number 
departed 


Intended future permanent residence 


Year 


Europe 


Asia 


1 
Canada 
and 

New- Mexico 
found- 
land 


West 
Indies 


Central 

and 

South 

America 


Other 
coun- 
tries 


Total 10 years, 1918- 
1927 


454,012 


161,776 


36,972 


171,580 21,069 


28,701 


31,089 


2,826 




1918 


56,998 
39,543 
64,564 
71,391 
79,198 
36,260 
29,661 
25,429 
28,182 
22,786 


1,786 
3,976 
20,776 
33,284 
50,197 
16,739 
10. 397 
9.285 
9.678 
5.658 


2,333 
2,094 
5,715 
5,461 
5,297 
4,566 
3,400 
2,593 
2,376 
3,137 


34,697 9,015 
21,716 2,934 
25,094 ! 1,915 
23,059 1,766 
15,036 1,877 

9,023 1,203 
10,537 t 594 

9, 536 699 
11,758 627 
11,124 1 439 


3,818 
2,564 
4,564 
3,547 
2,871 
2,479 
2,925 
1,975 
2,453 
1,505 


4,957 
5,944 
6,165 
4,010 
3,639 
1,875 
1,561 
1,114 
1,101 
723 


392 


1919 


315 


1920 


335 


1921 


264 


1922 


281 


1923 


375 


1924 


247 


192- 


227 


1926 


189 


1927 


200 







188 REPOKT OF I'll-: <i).\l.Mls-;|n.N Kii liKXERAL o l' I M M K ; l{.\ri< i\ 



Table 76. — Immigration to the United Stales, 1S20 to 1927 , by year: 



[No olRciil records were made of the inflii 
the uumber of itnmiprants arrived in t.' 
to 1820 is not accurately known, it is est i 



ipulation to this country prior to 1S20. All In. 
itos from the dose of the Kevolutionary War 
■d authorities at J.'iO.OOOl 



Note.— For 1820 to 1867 the flgiues are for alien passengers arriving; for 18(VS to 1903, for iriimigr 
arriving; for 1904 to 1906, for aliens admitted; nnd for !W7 to W>~ , for immigrant alien* •iditiilie.i. i 
years from 1820 to 18:jl and l'«44 to IS ;■ ' •' ' -'.^ptembtr 30; fro: ' • ' ' nli-i 

to 1V)7 those ending December 31; - June 30. The i- imt 1.5 

months ending December 31, 1832; ,• .. 1843; 15 month.- niMrai, 

1850; and 6 months ending June 30, iv.>. 





Grand 
years 

Total 
1821- 


total 108 
, 1820-1927. 

10 years, 
-1830 


36, 933, 379 


1855- 
1856- 
1857. 
1858. 
1859. 
1860. 

1861. 
1862- 


Total 
1861 


10 
1870 





200, 877 
200, 436 
251. 306 
12.^. 126 
121,282 
153, 640 


1S20. 


8,385 




143, 439 






years, 








1X21. 
1K22. 

is'':i 


^, 127 

6,911 

6, 354 

7,912 

10, 199 

10,837 

18,875 

27, 382 

22, 520 

23, 322 


2, 314, 824 


91, 918 


1S21 








01. 985 


is;2.i 






1863- 

1861 

1865 

186f. 

1867 

1868. 

1869. 

1870. 

1871. 
1872 


Total 
1871- 






1 76, 282 


1S2() 






10:5. 418 


1K27- 
1S2S_ 
1S2') 


Tot:il 
1831- 


- 


248. 120 
318. .568 
315. 722 


1830. 


10 
-1880. 


= 
years, 


138,840 
352, 768 
387, 20:! 




11) vcars, 
-1840 


599, 125 






1831 
183'' 


22. 033 
00, 482 
58, 640 
05, 365 
15. 374 
70. 242 
79, 340 
38.914 
68, 069 
84, 066 


2, 812, 191 


1K33- 






321. 350 


1S34 






404, 806 


1835. 
183t) 


1873. 
1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877- 
1878. 
1879. 
1880. 

1881. 
1882. 
1883- 
1884. 
1885. 
1886. 
18S7. 
1888. 
1889. 
1890. 

1891- 
1892- 








459, 803 
313,339 


1837- 






227, 498 


183S 








10 
-1890. 


years, 


169, 986 


1S30 






111. 857 


1810 


Total 
1881- 


138, 469 




Total 
1841- 




177. 826 
457, 257 




10 veare, 
-1850.". 


1, 713, 251 






isn 


80. 289 
104. .5«i5 
52. 496 
78, 615 
114,371 
154, 416 
234. 968 
226, 527 
207. 024 
369, 980 


5, 246,613 


184' 








1843 






669, 431 


1841 












788, 992 


184.) 








603, 322 


1846. 
1847- 








518. .592 
395, 346 


1848 






334, 203 


1849 








490, 109 


1850- 


Total 
1891- 


10 
-1900. 




546, 889 




Total 
1851- 




444. 427 
455, 302 




10 vears, 
-1860 


2, 598, 214 




years, 




1851. 


379, 466 
371. 603 
368, 645 
427, 833 


3, 687, 564 


1853 


560, 319 


1854- 








579, 663 



HEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 189 



1893 439,730 

1891 - - 285, 63 1 

1895 258, 536 

1896-- 343,267 

1897 --- 230,832 

1898 229, 299 

1899 311,715 

1900- --. -- 448,572 

Total 10 years, 

1901-1910 8,795,386 

1901 487,918 

1902 648, 743 

1«»()3 - 857, 046 

1904 812. 870 

1905 1, 026, 499 

1906 1, 100, 735 

1907 1, 285, 349 

19()S 782, 870 

1909 _ 751, 7S6 

1910 1, 041. 570 



Total 10 years, 

1911-1920 5,735,811 

1911 878,587 

1912 838, 172 

1913 1, 197, 892 

1914 1, 218,480 

1915 326, 700 

1916 298,826 

1917 295,403 

1918 110,618 

1919... 141,132 

1920 430, 001 

TotaI7voars, 1921- 

1927 3,278,576 

1921 805. 228 

1922-. 309. 5i:6 

1923 522, 919 

1924 706.896 

1925 _ 294, 314 

1926 304, 488 

1927 - 335, 175 



190 RKPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 






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REPORT ojb' THE (. o:\i:missionek general of immigration 193 



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194 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GEXEELVL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 195 



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196 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 79. — Immigrant aliens admitled, fiscal years ended J line 30, l!itt In 
by countries of last permanent residence — Continued 



Country of last permanent 
residence 


1921 


1922 


1923 


1924 


1925 


1926 


1927 


Total 7 

years, 

1921-1«'27 


All countries 


805,228 


309,556 


522, 919 


706,896 


294.314 


304,488 


335, 175 


3, 278, 576 






Europe, total 


652, 364 


216, 385 


307,920 


364, 339 


148,366 


155, 562 


168,368 


2, 013, 304 






Albania ' .. . .. 








250 
7,505 
2,065 

550 
13.554 


79 
899 
726 
140 

2,462 
243 

2,444 
131 
480 

3.906 
46,068 

13,897 

12,378 

897 

826 

616 

26,650 

6,203 

263 

472 

150 

1,723 

5,975 

5,341 

619 
1,163 
1,775 

275 
8,391 
2.043 
2<H 
724 
144 


158 

1,102 
718 
175 

2, 953 
210 

2.549 
132 
491 

4,181 
50.421 

10,599 

13,661 

1,268 

1,121 

906 

24,897 

8,253 

298 

636 

127 

1,753 

5,756 

V,126 

666 
1,211 
1.766 

326 
8, 513 
1,994 

210 
1,059 

320 


243 

1,016 
764 
222 

3,540 
223 

2, .505 
139 
438 

4,405 
48,513 

, 9,990 

12,611 

1,06.8 

2,089 

813 

28,545 

17,297 

403 

770 

111 

1.733 

6,068 

9,211 

567 
1,270 
1,183 

429 
8,287 
2,121 

216 
1,190 

388 


730 


Austria .. . .. . 


4,947 

6,166 

585 

40,884 


5.019 

1.541 

297 

12,541 


8,103 

1,590 

392 

13,840 


28, 591 


Beljiiuni .. .. .. 


13, 570 


Bulgaria 


2,361 


Czechoslovakia ' 


89, 774 


Danzi;?, Free City of ' 


(i76 


Denmark. 


6.260 


2,709 


4,523 


5,281 
7()5 
3,662 
6.387 
7.5. 091 

24.466 

33,471 

1,5.13 

4. S71 

5,806 

17,111 

56.246 

1,473 

2. 369 


26. 271 


Estonia ' 


1,167 


Finland ' 


3, 795 
9,552 
6,803 

33, 431 

15,954 

1, 757 

28,502 

7,702 

28,435 

222,280 


2.767 
4.220 
17.931 

15. 249 
9,018 
886 
3.457 
5. 756 
10, 579 
40.319 


3,644 
4,380 
48, 277 

21,558 
23,019 
1, 1S2 
3,333 
5,'J14 
15, 740 
46, 674 


15, 277 


France, including Corsica 


37,031 


Qerinanv 


293.104 


Great Britain: 

England . 


129, 190 


Scotland 


120, 112 


Wales 


H, til 1 




44, 199 


Hungary 


27. .M 3 


In-land 


151,967 


Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia. 
Latvin 1 


397. 252 
2.437 


Lithuania' 









4,247 










388 


Netherlands 


6,493 

7,423 

95.069 

19. 195 

25,817 

6,398 

23,818 
9,171 
7,106 
6.391 

23,536 
4,894 


1,990 

5,292 

28,635 

1.950 
10,287 
17.143 

665 
6,624 
3,398 
1,660 
6,047 

405 


3,150 
11,745 
26, .538 

2.384 
11,947 
17,,W7 

8-1 1 
17,916 
3, 349 
3.743 
6,181 

450 


3,783 
11,986 
28,806 

2,769 
11.142 
12,649 

932 
18,310 
3,842 
1,481 
5,835 

328 


20.625 


Norway 


54. 245 


Poland '- - 


200. 746 


PortuKiI, including Azores. Cape 

\'erdc, and Madeira Islands 

Rumania 


28,1.^.0 
62.837 


Russia 


58, 421 


Spain, including Canary and 
Balearic Islands 


27,286 


Sweden 


77,212 


.Switzerland 


23. 8,53 


Turkey in Europe 


13,964 


YuKoslavia ' 


44, 572 


Other Europe 


6,93£ 






Asia, total 


25.034 


14.263 


13, 705 


22,065 


3.578 


3. 413 


3,669 


85,727 






China 


4,009 

511 

7.878 


4,406 

360 

6,716 


4,986 

257 

.S,S09 


6,992 
183 
8,801 
2.W6 
2,820 
323 


1.937 

65 

723 

670 

51 

132 


1. 751 
93 
654 
679 
37 
199 


1,471 
102 
723 

1,054 

73 

246 


'2r,.r,r,2 


India 


1, .171 




31,304 


Palestine and Svria ' 


5, 349 


Turkey in Asia 


11,735 
901 


1,998 
783 


2,183 
470 


18,897 


Other Asia 


3, 0." 1 






America, total 


124,118 


77,448 


199, 972 


318, 855 


141.496 


144,393 


161.872 


1.168, 1. 1 






Canada and Newfoundland 


72.317 

3a 758 

13, 774 

2,254 

5,015 


46, 810 
19, 551 

7,449 
970 

2,668 


117,011 

63.768 

13. 181 

1,275 

4.737 




200.690 

89, 336 

17,559 

2,000 

9,270 


102. 753 

32. 964 

2.106 

1,199 

2,470 

4 


93,368 

43,316 

3,222 

1,374 

3,107 

6 


84,580 

67, 721 

4,019 

1,771 

3, 777 

4 


7 17, ,529 
347,414 


West Indies.. 


61,310 




10,843 


South America 


31,044 


Other America » 


14 










Others, total 


3.712 


1,460 


1,322 


1,637 


874 


1,120 


1,266 


11,391 






Africa 


1.301 

2,191 
90 
130 


520 

855 
60 
25 


548 

711 
48 
15 


900 

635 
44 
58 


412 

416 
46 


529 

556 
35 


520 

712 
34 


4 730 


Australia, Tasmania, and New 
Zealand 


6, 076 


Other Pacifle islands 


3.57 


Countries not specified ' 


228 











' Countries added to the list since the World War are theretofore included with the countries to which 
they belonged. 
» Prior to 1925 other America included with countries not specified. 



HKPOUT OF TIIK COINIMISSIONER OKNKHAL OF TM:MIGRATI0X 197 



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198 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE CO^NIMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 199 

Table 80. — Emigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June SO, 1908 to 1927, by 
countries oj intended future 'permanent residence — Continued 



Country of intended future per- 
manent residence 


1921 


1922 


1923 
81,450 


1924 

1 


1925 


1926 


1927 


Total 
7 years. 
1921-1927 


All countries 


247, 718 


198,712 


76, 789 


92,728 


76.992 


73,366 


847, 755 








215, 245 


166,297 


61,656 


58,988 


75,064 


60.040 


55,402 


692, 692 






Albania 








2S4 
217 
517 
233 
1,568 


334 

466 

459 

208 

2.723 

5 

562 

5 

464 

1,205 

3,646 

6,681 

1,958 

53 

6, 574 

875 

1,133 

27, 151 

29 

511 

18 

743 

1,765 

3,721 

3.600 

1.433 

539 

3.982 

1, 167 

423 

100 

2,464 

67 


314 

487 

491 

88 

2.301 

1 

691 

15 

519 

1,011 

3.908 

4,921 

1,332 

37 

5,164 

871 

1,059 

19,980 

58 

408 

7 

379 

2,087 

2,881 

2,926 

1,404 

181 

2,465 

1,150 

486 

30 
2.342 

46 


237 

468 

482 

130 

2,276 

6 

536 

14 

536 

1,637 

4,748 

4,994 

1,441 

44 

3,130 

841 

1,214 

17, 759 

21 

314 

13 

456 

1,786 

2,660 

2,347 

1,248 

239 

2.178 

1,115 

594 

24 

1,911 

13 


1,169 




1,399 

1,430 

2,923 

15,452 


579 
1,203 

660 
7,846 


247 

672 

156 

2,074 


3,863 
5,254 


Belgium 


Bulgaria 


4,398 


Czechoslovakia 

Danzig, Free Citv of 


34,240 
12 


Denmark 


922 


690 


511 


510 
11 

360 
1,249 
1,178 

4,361 

827 

60 

7,250 

522 

1,282 

22,904 

67 

335 


4,422 


Estonia 


45 


Finland 


2,386 
3,026 
5,263 

7,839 

1,187 

180 

13, 423 

12,153 

1,905 

48,192 


1,179 
2,557 
4,362 

6,434 

915 

GO 

7,506 

4,307 

2,182 

53,651 


396 
1,507 
1,529 

5,505 

705 

34 

2,988 

895 

1,368 

23,329 


5,840 


France, including Corsica 


12, 192 


Germany . . 


24, 634 


Great Britain: 

England 

Scotland 


40.735 
8.365 


Wales 


468 


Greece ... 


46.035 


Hungary 


20.464 


Ireland 


10, 143 


Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia 


212,966 
175 


Lithuania . . 








1,568 










38 


Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 


849 

2,406 

42,572 

5,107 
9,297 
15,229 

3,966 

2,913 

900 

405 

13,034 

827 


SCO 

1,427 

33,531 

5,877 
3, 795 
6,407 

6,793 

1.903 

886 

201 

9.733 

703 


482 

946 

5,439 

2,620 
1,169 
2,434 

2,557 

1,179 

546 

125 

2,064 

179 


345 

955 

2.594 

3, 3.^.7 

1,096 

572 

2,967 
830 
390 
128 

1,991 
28 


4,114 
11,372 
93.438 

25.894 
19.442 
25.601 

24,908 
10, 257 


Portugal, including Azores, Cape 
Verde, and Madeira Islands 

Russia 

Spain, including Canary and 

Balearic Islands 

Sweden 


Switzerland 


4,225 




1,013 


Yugoslavia 


33,539 




1,863 






Asia, total 


12,887 


12,814 


7,593 


6,943 


5.411 


4.931 


6,007 


56,586 






China 


5,451 

281 

4,375 


6,362 

267 

4,368 


3,715 

146 

2.869 


3,847 
161 

2,155 

492 

211 

77 


3,412 

128 

1. 212 

479 

89 

91 


2,989 
113 

1,208 

381 

169 

71 


4,179 

126 

1.205 

327 

94 

76 


29,955 


India 


1,222 


Japan 


17, 392 


Syria and Palestine 


1,679 


Turkey in Asia 


2,534 
246 


1,731 
86 


773 
90 


5.601 


Other Asia 


737 






.\merica, total 


18,561 


18, 759 


11.615 


ia227 


11.561 


11,485 


11,303 


93.511 






Canada and Newfoundland 

Mexico 


5,456 
5,705 
5,050 
703 
1,647 


4.480 
6,285 
5,252 
955 
1,787 


2.775 
2.660 
4,183 
550 
1,447 


2.601 
1.926 
4.081 
567 
1.052 


2,580 
2.954 
4,035 
661 
1,331 


2,456 
3.198 
3.839 
566 
1.425 
1 


2,440 
2,957 
3.732 
721 
1,453 


22,788 
25, 685 


West Indies 


30, 172 


Central America 


4,723 


South A merica 


10, 142 




1 
















1,025 


842 


586 


631 


692 


536 


654 


4,966 






Africa 


197 

742 
50 
36 


133 

645 
34 
30 


113 

442 

22 

9 


108 

485 
34 
4 


154 

503 
35 


126 

391 
19 


112 

508 
34 


943 


Australia, Tasmania, and New 


3,716 


Other Pacifie islands 


228 




79 













200 JtEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMM IC.RATION 



a 0- I 



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REPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATIOxV 205 



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206 KEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEK GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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210 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 






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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 211 



pice— rt — N 100— 1 — i-ir-. « MOIN'O — CJ 



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ace 



212 KEPORT OF THE COMMI8SIONEK GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table S7. — Immigrant aliens admitted, showing races most important numerically 
destined to each State, fiscal years 1911 to 1927 , inclusive 



State of intended 

future permanent 

residence 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia. _ 

Florida .._ 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky. 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland.- 

Massachusetts. 

Michigan.. 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Philippine Islands 

Porto Rico 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina. ._ 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

TUah__ 

Vermont 

Virginia 

^'irgi^ Islands. 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming.. 



Total 
number 
admitted 



5, 
72, 
3, 
464, 
35, 
223, 



52, 

1 

635, 

78, 

65, 

23 

7, 

23, 

99: 

49, 

758, 

520, 

148, 

4, 

76, 

44, 

37 

8 

7o; 

428, 

12 

2, 479, 

5, 

36, 

380, 

8, 

56, 

936. 



105, 

2, 

17 

6, 

40a 

24! 

38; 

28: 

191 
55. 

129, 
10, 



Race of greatest numerical importance 



Highest number 



Race 



Italian (south) 
Scandinavian.. 

Mexican 

German 

English 

German 

Italian (south). 

do 

do 

African (black) 

Greek.. 

Japanese 

English 

German 

Polish 

Scandinavian.. 

German 

do 

Mexican 

French 

Hebrew 

Italian (south). 

English 

Scandinavian.. 

German 

do 

English 

German 

Spanish 

French 

Italian (south). 

Mexican 

Italian (south). 

English 

Scandinavian.. 
Italian (south). 

German 

English 

Italian (south). 

Spanish 

do 

Italian (south). 

Greek 

Scandinavian.. 

Hebrew 

Mexican 

English 

French 

Scandinavian. . 

do 

English 

Italian (south). 

German 

Italian (south). 



Number of 
immigrants, 
1911 to 1927 



1, 466 
1,106 

61, 538 
736 

73, 822 
6. 555 

60, 086 
2,591 
2,966 

19. 585 
1,621 

37, 950 

3, 372 
80. 926 

7.610 
14, 449 
7.276 
1,689 
3,514 

48, 558 
10. 579 

111.004 
112, 142 

49, 857 
644 

14. 213 

7,945 

11,700 

1,791 

34. 264 

89. 117 

7,360 

538. 432 

838 

14. 091 

56, 074 

1,729 

10, 875 

224. 668 

49 

4.639 

20. 254 
616 

7,289 

1, 335 

367, 990 

4.822 

18, 349 

4. 169 

71 
39, 890 

19, 514 
39, 299 

1,301 



Second highest number 



Race 



Greek 

English 

Spanish 

English_ 

Mexican 

Italian (south). 

Polish 

do 

English 

Cuban 

Hebrew. _ 

Spanish 

Scandinavian.- 

Polish . 

Rumanian 

German 

Mexican 

Hebrew. 

Italian (south). 

English. 

Italian (south). 

English 

Scotch 

German 

Italian (south). 

do 

Scandinavian.. 

do 

Italian (north). 

Greek 

Polish 

Italian (south). 

Hebrew 

Greek 

German 

do 

English 

German 

Polish 

English 

African (black) 

French 

Hebrew 

German 

English 

German... 

Greek 

English 

do 

African (black) 
Scandinavian.. 

Greek 

Scandinavian... 
English 



Number of 
immigrants, 
1911 to 1927 



1,145 

967 

3,719 

439 

73, 305 

4,370 

24, 557 

2,240 

2.778 

10, 767 

1.505 

5,450 

2,629 

77, 923 

5,952 

12, 707 

2,651 

932 

3,160 

20,658 

7,111 

108. 221 

oh, 934 

14.626 

605 

9,826 

7,916 

6, 986 

1,546 

10, 920 

47, 753 

849 

448, 774 

809 

8, 830 

46, 482 

1,056 

8.878 

94,424 

41 

1, 510 

20, 093 

460 

4,186 

962 

6,527 

3.268 

6, 054 

3,995 

30 

36, 420 

5. 369 

14, 103 

1.203 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 213 



Table 88. — Immigrant aliens admitted, with comparative per cent, by sex, fiscal 
years ended June 30, 1871 to 1927 





Total im- 
migrants 


Number 


Per cent 


Period 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Grand total, 57 years, 1871-1927 --- 


29, 556, 141 


18, 871, 569 


10,684,572 


63.8 


36.2 






Total, 10 years, 1871-1880. - 


2, 812, 191 


1, 725, 148 


1, 087, 043 


61.3 


38.7 






1871 - 


321, 350 
404, 806 
459, 803 
313,339 
227, 498 
169, 986 
141,857 
138, 469 
177, 826 
457, 257 


190, 428 
240, 170 
275, 792 
189, 225 
139, 950 
111,786 
92, 033 
86, 259 
111,882 
287, 623 


130, 922 
164, 636 
184,011 
124,114 
87, 548 
58, 200 
49, 824 
52, 210 
65, 944 
169,634 


59.3 
59.3 
60.0 
60.4 
61.5 
65.8 
64.9 
62.3 
62.9 
62.9 


40.7 


1872 - 


40.7 


1873 - 


40.0 


1874 - - 


39.6 


1875 


38.5 


1876 - - - -- 


34.2 


1877 


35.1 


1878 


37.7 


1879 -- 


37.1 


1880 --- - - 


37.1 






Total 10 years, 1881-1890 


5, 246, 613 


3,205,911 


2, 040, 702 


61.1 


38.9 






1881 


669, 431 
788, 992 
603, 322 
518, 592 
395, 346 
334, 203 
490, 109 
546, 889 
444, 427 
455, 302 


410, 729 
498, 814 
363, 863 
308, 509 
226, 382 
200. 704 
306, 658 
345, 375 
263, 024 
281,853 


258, 702 
290, 178 
239, 459 
210, 083 
168, 964 
1.3.3, 499 
183, 451 
201, 514 
181, 403 
173, 449 


61.4 
63.2 
60.3 
59.5 
57.3 
60.1 
62.6 
63.2 
59.2 
61.9 


38.6 


1882 .. -- 


36.8 


1883 


39.7 


1884 


40.5 


1885 - -- 

1886 - -- - 


42.7 
39.9 


1887 


37.4 


1888 .-- 


36.8 


1889 --- 


40.8 




38.1 








3, 687, 564 


2, 297, 330 


1, 390, 234 


62.3 


37.7 








560, 319 
579, 663 
439, 730 
285,631 
258, 536 
343, 267 
230, 832 
229, 299 
311,715 
448. 572 


354, 059 
361, 864 
280, 344 
169, 274 
149, 016 
212, 466 
135, 107 
135, 775 
195, 277 
304, 148 


206, 260 
217, 799 
159, 386 
116,357 
109, 520 
130, 801 
95, 725 
93, 524 
116,438 
144, 424 


63.2 
62.4 
63.8 
59.3 
57.6 
61.9 
58.5 
59.2 
62.6 
67.8 


36.8 


1892 


37.6 




36.2 


1894 - ._ 


40.7 
42.4 


1896 


38.1 




41.5 


1898 


40.8 




37.4 


1900 


32.2 






Total, 10 years, 1901-1910 .. 


8, 795, 386 


6, 141, 942 


2, 653, 444 


69.8 


30.2 






1901 


487, 918 

648, 743 

857, 046 

812, 870 

1, 026, 499 

1, 100, 735 

1, 285, 349 

782, 870 

751, 786 

1, 041, 570 


331, 055 
466, 369 
613, 146 
549, 100 
724, 914 
764, 463 
929, 976 
506, 912 
519, 969 
736, 038 


156, 863 
182, 374 
243, 900 
263, 770 
301, 585 
336, 272 
355, 373 
275, 958 
231,817 
305, 532 


67.9 
71.9 
71.5 
67.6 
70.6 
• 69.5 
72.4 
64.8 
69.2 
70.7 


32.1 




28.1 


1903 


28.5 


1904 


32.4 


1905 . . -- - - 


29.4 


1906 - 


30.5 


1907 - - - 


27.6 


1908 


35.2 


1909 


30.8 




29.3 








5,735,811 


3, 643, 385 


2, 092, 426 


63.5 


36.5 








878, 587 

838, 172 

1, 197, 892 

1, 218, 480 

326, / 00 

. 298, 826 

295, 403 

110,618 

141, 132 

430. 001 


570, 057 
529, 931 
808, 144 
798, 747 
187, 021 
182, 229 
174, 479 
61, 880 
83, 272 
247, 625 


308, 530 
308, 241 
389, 748 
419, 733 
139, 679 
116,597 
120, 924 
48, 738 
57, 860 
182, 376 


64.9 
63.2 
67.5 
65.6 
57.2 
61.0 
,59.1 
55.9 
59.0 
57.6 


35.1 


1912 . -. 


36.8 


1913 - 


32.5 


1914 -. - . 


34.4 




42.8 


1916 


39.0 


1917 . . 


40.9 


1918 


44. 1 


1919 - 


41.0 


1920 -.- 


42.4 






Total, 7 years, 1921-1927 


3, 278, 576 


1,857.853 


1, 420, 723 


56.7 


43.3 






1921 


805, 228 
309, 556 
522,919 
706, 896 
294, 314 
304, 488 
335, 175 


449, 422 
149, 741 
307, 522 
423, 186 
163,252 
170, 567 
194, 103 


355, 806 
159,815 
215, 397 
283, 710 
131,062 
133, 921 
141,012 


5,";. 8 
48.4 
58.8 
59.9 
55. 5 
56.0 
57.9 


44.2 




51.6 


1923 


41.2 


1924 


40.1 


1925 


44.5 


1926 


44.0 


1927 


42.1 







214 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENER-\L OF IMMIGR.VT10N 

Table S9. — Emigrant aliens departed, with eomparatire per eeni. by $ez, <«■•. 
uears ended June SO. 190S to ISST 









Total 


Xomber 


PcroeDt 




' «nignnt5 

i 


Male 


Female 
777,410 


Male 
79.6 


F«n:il* 




Gnad tool 30 Trwrs. 1906-19(7. 
Total 3 rears. 190^1910 




3.si&.oeo 


X0M.6S0 


X.4 






S23.311 


S7«.539 


14«.772 


02^3 


17. » 










19K. 
19Q9. 





386. 073 

>2».8aa 


3«3.SS3 
17&.614 
lM.8tt 


52.190 
47. 3M 


76. 5 


11 » 
20 » 


mo. 


Totii 10 ywMs. mi-nao 




23.5 




2.I4C.9M 


1,742.290 


404.605 


81.2 


U.8. 


1911 


296. «r^ 
333.? 

3W.!' 


2i-. :4^ 


:<».5.:: 




lflL2 


1913. 
WU- 
1914. 
1915. 
191«. 




""""-"-- 


17. r 


1917. - - 


9(.S85 
US. SB 
306.315 

1 




19l». 
1919. 
1». 


Total 7 Twm. 1991-19117 


- - 


:: 5 




M7.755 


C3l.su 


225.943 


73.3 


JClT 










mu. 


2«7.7U 


109.134 


5«.5»4 


75.4 

"2 1 

:l4 
-a 2 


2S 


1923. 

laa 







: 36. 712 


32.8^ 


1934. 






25.4 


1935. 




23.* 


19M. 
IJB7 















I Sex of 29.7K estioutc . 


!3cr. laaTlor tbe I mt«d »utcs via Canadiao border, was reported 



KEPORT OF THE lOMMIsSIONEK GEXEKAL OF IMMIGRATION 215 



Table 90. — I mmigrard aliem ■. 
Jam 30, 1916 to 1927, by 



periods, fiscal ytart ended 
>ini rciidence and tex 



Countries of last permaoeat 


5 years. 


19ie-1930 


5 ywrs. 1921-lSS 


I rear. 19W 


l7«ar.ia27 


residence 


Male 


ronale 


^(ale 


Female 


Mafe 


Female, 


MaV 


Female 


All countries 


749.485 




123 1.143.7SO 


170. 5<r- 


133.921 


m.ia 


141,012 


Europe, total 


332.667 


.,.. .^ 


,..,832 7C7.5i2 


76.191 


75.371 


91.205 


77,163 


,aia 


"T278' 

4.085 

920 

1,127 


'"3.097" 
4.214 

126 
2.299 


248 

14,030 

6,1W 

1.134 

40,936 

108 

13.202 

545 

6.148 

!? 1?* 

44!602 
24: 


81 

12.443 

5.856 

830 

42.355 

135 

8,015 

351 

8.200 

15.017 

U.965 

T.'Tf 

U,-\} 
54. 5U 


80 
439 

357 
«) 

176 

2.105 

36,292 

'■, -M! 
12. OK 

913 
3.148 
2, €79 

406 
492 

«Z1 

1S» 


GO 
f/Z 

3« 

K-, 

315 
2,076 
24.129 , 

5.«8 

7.724 

515 

9M 

SI '' 

12.292 

5.074 
183 

T» 

«2 

840 

..<■> 

261 , 
719 

'.It" 

79W 

146 

675 
157 


143 
516 
358 
1%5 

2»,er3 

15.134 

0. < 

41i 

liao 

480 

221 


100 

4% 


BiEkiTn 


40C 


^^^CtL> 


57 


:« City oi. ........ 


: 723 




7,292 


I'm 


"70 








319 

lO.eas 

3.228 

27.e«>e 

i ' 

51 - 

9.578 

85.144 


437 

10.7»5? 
3, or. 

«0 r- 

1 ^'0 
14;8<!3 

85.394 




lading Corsica , 


:>.9« 


-in: 
1 


.1 














13.411 




iding Skfly aiid 




"Hft 









416 


-_• 




] 


10.039 7.160 
27.0e« , 15.365 
7S.57B 1 107.830 

1 

8.060 
3Q.9(e, 
32.W' 

22.297 4.234 




; 


7. COS 
10.357 
2.812 

36 . 
13.: 

3'.. 436 

U '■' 

4 


4.765 ' 

8.511 

2.001 

5.254 '■ 






..^ 




■*'." 


ng Azores. 




:::::::::::::::::: 






-, - 


anary and 


165 




58^ 




891 




154 
710 




167 


Asia, total 


3t...y- 


-..-. 


,..•-..- :. .■^_, 


-.-> 


1.127 


2.311 


1.3S8 




3.620 

521 

21. 3U 


■2 \f* 


1ft. 774 5. VA 
l.lsl 


1.377 
137 


374 

29 
202 
437 

23 , 


1.045 

« 

490 

514 

U 

179 


428 
34 






Tjj 


ind Palestine 


540 


• v in Asia 


4 ; - 


58 


- A«ia 


67 






- -ica. total 


373 




.: i' : ^39.422' 


91.444 


52.949 


90.800 


61,982 


i Newfoundland.. 


22& 
84 

3f. • 
6. ■ 
16. 5.V 


:. 


■^12 !9I 227 *» 

2 2 


2 


40.325 

9.606 

1.315 

M8 

1,062 

4 


45.196 
48.653 

2,305 
993 

2,5U 


».S4 

19 068 




1 514 


erica 


1.234 

4 












6.844 


3.936 

910 

2.652 
213 

1»1 


5.1N5 

2.239 

2.S27 , 
1S3 , 
137 


3,819 


616 


474 


757 


509 




1,686 

4,071 
365 
722 


1,442 

2,181 
105 
91 . 


327 

296 
23 


202 

260 
12 


332 

407 

18 


188 


-inia. and 


305 


nds 

C;;:. •.:... no: i;.*cified 


16 



216 KEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMKiKAl'lOX 

Table 91. — Emigrant aliens departed during .specified perioda, fincal yearn ended 
June 30, 1916 to 1927, by countries of intended jut ure permanent residence and 
sex 



Countries of intended future 


5 years. 1916-1920 


5 years. 


921-1925 


1 year 


. 1926 


1 year 


, 1927 


permanent residence 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


All countries -. 


565, 319 


137, 145 


515,287 


182, 110 


54,989 


22,003 


51,536 


21,830 








434, 075 


76,165 


430,223 


147. 027 


43, 413 


16, 627 


38,832 


16, 570 












593 

1.870 

2,444 

4,006 

21, 139 

3 

1,822 

12 

3,017 

4,837 

9,145 

14.973 

2,695 

224 

34,751 

12,438 

2,981 

143, 725 

00 

576 

12 

2,030 

4.006 

63,709 

1^665 
12,208 
20,432 

17,987 

4.517 

1.9-13 

873 

23.883 
1.647 


25 

1, 0:« 

1,837 

174 

8,524 

2 
1.373 

4 
1,768 
4.707 
6,833 

15. 817 
2,897 
16:i 
2,990 
6.314 
4,889 

31,502 

36 

270 

6 

1,249 

3.493 

24. 198 

4,956 
4,582 
4,749 

2,278 
3,475 
1,202 
86 
5.403 
157 


294 

283 

261 

82 

1,543 

1 

398 

13 

317 

545 

1,887 

2.371 

()50 

20 

4.668 
476 
448 

16,693 

33 

277 

4 

235 

1.376 

2,062 

2.399 
913 
129 

2.172 

702 

294 

29 

1,797 

41 


20 

204 

230 

6 

758 


223 
264 
2.54 
118 
1.601 
5 
316 

11 

295 

807 

2,216 

2,436 

646 

27 

2,680 
481 
505 

15,087 

11 

213 

5 

276 

1.158 

1.934 

1.883 
819 
159 

1.941 

643 

339 

23 

1,448 

8 


14 




2.292 
1,559 
7,468 
9,730 


544 
1,001 

151 
1,417 


204 


Belgium --. 


228 




12 




fi75 




1 




1,781 


1,601 


293 

2 

202 

466 

2,021 

2,550 
682 
17 
496 
395 
611 

3,287 
25 
131 
3 
144 
711 
819 

527 

491 

62 

293 
448 
192 

1 
645 

5 


220 




3 




1,054 
10,334 
2,245 

10,928 

1,701 

229 

43.708 

12.358 

2,852 

201,685 


410 
5,406 
1,632 

10,820 
2,507 
177 
1,937 
2.680 
4,482 

19,163 


241 


France, including Corsica 

Germany 


S30 
2. .V12 


Great Britain: 

England 


2.558 


Scotland 


795 


Wales 


17 


Greece 


■l.SO 




:<»>o 




709 


Italy, including Sicily and 
Sardinia 


2.672 




10 








101 








8 


N elherlauds 


1,471 
5.998 
16.661 

10.693 
19.337 
17,872 

16,041 
5.258 
1.290 
1.823 

25.587 
2.120 


859 
3,«98 
1,529 

3,207 
2,280 
2,118 

1,637 

3.139 

748 

102 

2,887 

24 


180 




628 


Poland 


716 


Portugal, including Azores, 
Cape Verde, and Madeira 


464 


Rumania 


429 


Russia 


80 


Spain, including Canary and 
Balearic Islands 


237 


Sweden 


472 


Switzerland 


255 


Turkev in Eiu'ope . 


1 




463 




5 






Asia, total 


22.371 


3.249 


38.981 


6,667 


4,234 


697 


6,315 


092 


China 


11,041 

743 

7,340 


086 

135 

2,207 


21, 627 
799 

10,807 

738 

4.550 

460 


1,160 
184 

4,172 
233 

788 
130 


2,809 

86 

8:» 

286 

166 

54 


180 
27 

375 

96 

3 

17 


3,945 

102 

H94 

234 

74 

66 


234 


India 


24 


Japan 


:ui 




93 


Turkev in Asia 


1,675 
1,572 


169 
112 


20 


Other Asia . 


10 






America, total- 


107,188 


56,598 


43,872 


26,851 


7,004 


4,481 


7,007 


4. 296 






Canada and Newfoundland.. 


54.776 

31.479 

15.531 

1,586 

3,816 


25,494 
19.986 

8.618 
943 

1.557 


11,229 
12,540 
12, 958 
2.053 
5,092 


6,603 
6.990 
9.043 
1.383 
2,172 


1,631 

2. lt>4 

1.999 

316 

894 


825 

i,o:m 

1,840 
250 
531 

1 


1,549 

2,139 

1,975 

435 

909 


891 

818 


West Ind ies 


1,757 




286 




544 



















Others, total 


1.685 


1, 133 


2,211 


1,665 


338 


198 


382 


272 






Africa. . 


308 

1,216 
88 
73 


188 

881 
41 
23 


465 

1,570 
119 
57 


240 

1,247 
56 
22 


86 

236 
16 


40 

156 
3 


73 

286 
23 


39 


Australia. Tasmania, and 
New Zealand ... . 


222 


Other Pacific islands 


11 


Countries not specifieii 














REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 219 

Table 93. — Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, fiscal years ended 
June 30, 1916 to 1927, by race or people and sex 

[For annual total by race, see Table 81J 



Race or people 



Total 749,485 



6 years, 1916-1920 



African (black) 

Armenian 

Bohemian and Moravian 

(Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, and 

Montenegrin 

Chinese 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and 

H ei/.PRovinian 

Dutch and Flemish. 

East Indian... 

English... 

Finnish 

French. 

German 

Greek 

Hebrew. 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south) 

Japanese 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Magyar 

Mexican 

Pacific Islander 

Polish 

Portuguese 

Rumanian 

Russian , 

Kuthenian (Russniak) , 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, 

Danes, and Swedes) 

Scotch , 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American.. 

Syrian 

Turkish 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban) 
Other peoples 



Male Female 



526, 495 



16, 773 
3,601 

6S4 

4,934 

7,945 

926 

7,225 

235 

17,535 1 

381 [ 

85,329 I 

10,073 I 

50,820 

18,223 

56,229 

28,048 

35, 762 

13, 130 

85,524 

20,997 

235 

1,217 

722 

80,296 

32 

6,614 

26,382 

1,648 

10, 752 

2,367 

44,064 

32,025 

1,749 

51.823 

9,561 

3,379 

793 

2,378 

2,783 

6,291 



15, 477 
1,849 

879 

765 
1,558 

719 
3,503 

55 

11,966 

57 

81,320 

5,821 

39, 931 

14, 181 

13, 895 

25,421 

35, 687 

10,799 

75, 792 

26,142 

411 

578 

1,029 

50,828 

23 

4,916 

15, 087 

969 

3,240 

619 

28,327 
31,588 
3,016 
8,182 
4,164 
1,761 
59 
1,746 
3,035 
1,100 



6 years, 1921-1925 



Male Female 



1,493,123 1,145,790 



16, 381 
8,312 

9,496 

7,298 
15,423 
10, 927 

4,001 

1,122 

18,894 

868 

155,583 

6,445 

80,996 

143, 293 

27,267 

128,777 

87, 695 

38,099 

209,620 

12,471 

196 

2,316 

13. 979 

157. 181 

27 

28,660 

19,603 

5,631 

11,896 

3,242 

91,309 

94,815 

25, 371 

30,862 

7,585 

5,080 

625 

4.810 

2,900 

4,067 



19,328 
10,061 

9,572 

6,565 

3,524 

12, 711 

1,891 

1,032 

14,501 

63 

134, 516 

8,045 

62,986 

127. 478 

18, 879 

153,783 

83,963 

17. 872 

112,844 

16,236 

205 

4,263 

16,688 

73,403 

22 

34,602 

8,534 

5,329 

8,579 

2,605 

49,935 

72,887 

28,050 

6,242 

4,590 

4,611 

447 

3,318 

3,632 

1,998 



1 year, 1926 



Male Female 



170, 567 



388 
189 

1,118 

234 
1,182 

259 
1,079 

31 

1,760 

46 

23,542 

270 

12,509 

30,704 

344 

4,568 

22,941 

764 

3,200 

425 

39 

123 

447 

33,304 

2 

1,273 

483 

99 

419 

263 

11,437 

13,409 

357 

427 

1,601 

184 

18 

845 

171 

213 



1 year, 1927 



Male Female 



133, 921 194, 163 



506 

552 



415 
263 



1,376 I 1,239 



298 
193 
433 
397 

44 

1,396 

4 

20,664 

404 

9,728 

27, 971 

1,041 

5,699 

19,534 

722 

4,688 

173 

13 

270 

629 

9,334 



1,902 
310 
220 
519 
242 

7,981 

13,889 

177 

272 

1,018 
304 
79 
569 
202 
168 



322 

830 

352 

1,435 

37 

1,713 

47 

20,768 

278 

10,396 

33,142 

864 

5,255 

24,149 

1,433 

7,826 

449 

40 

246 

467 

48,107 

5 

2,177 

653 

184 

586 

246 

12,546 

12,940 

634 

648 

1,923 

302 

39 

775 

188 

244 



141, 012 



640 
720 

1,167 

278 
221 
469 
484 

32 

1,412 

4 

19, 397 

351 

8,917 

23,445 

1,693 

6,228 

20,577 

1,204 

8,066 

211 

7 

303 

682 

18,659 

3 

2,072 

190 

238 

6«3 

199 

6,689 

12,604 

383 

417 

1,262 

382 

73 

525 

193 

152 



220 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 94. — Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, fiscal years ended 
June 30, 1916 to 19^7 , by race or people and sex 

(For annual total by race, see Table 82] 



5 years, 1916-1920 



Race or people 



Male Female 



S years, 1921-1926 I 1 year, 1926 



1 year, 1927 



Male Female Male Female Male 



Female 



Total 565,319 137,145 515,287 1S2, 110 ' 54, 



22,003 ' 51,536 



African (black) 

Armenian.. 

Bohemian and Moravian 

(Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, and 

Montenegrin 

Chinese 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban . . - 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and 

Herzegovinian 

Dutch and Flemish.. 

East Indian 

English 

Finnish.. 

French — 

German -. 

Greek 

Hebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italiun (south) i 

Japnnese I 

Kor.; in i 

Lithu.inian 

Magyar 

Mexican - 

I'iii iftr Islander 

I'olish 

Portuguese 

Ku- 1 inian 

Kus-^Kin 

Kutli'Tiian (Russnlftk) 

Sciauliiittviiin (N'orwcgians, 

Danes, and Swe<lefl) 

Scotch 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish A mejican 

Svriiin 

Turk.sh. 

Welsh 

West In'llan (except Cuban) 

Other pe<jples I 

Not specified 



4,099 
2,000 

1,082 

26,241 
10,807 
7,156 
5.027 

1,418 
4,362 
634 
28.826 
4,106 
13,112 
4,010 i 
43,773 1 
1.446 I 
7,154 
15.143 : 
188,191 I 
7,327 
164 i 
733 ( 
12,623 I 
30,811 I 

18,213 
10, .»S 
19,455 , 
16,865 
646 < 

16,S69 
6.749 

I1,7SH 

20, .172 
2. 547 
1,881 
1.720 
6Sfl 
1,230 
3.910 

10,728 



2,624 
25 



145 



4,298 
1,029 



3,760 
58 



6,287 I 3,654 t 

2,377 17,633 3, 333 i 

402 21,357 ' 829 i 

610 7,334 I 1,350 : 

2, 459 3, 237 1, 730 i 



6.749 


4. 536 1 


I1,7SH 


1,4'Jl 


20, 572 


■.'. .'.W 


2.547 


l.L'42 • 


1.8S1 


293 


1.720 


4H 


6Sfl 


273 


1,230 


1,281 


3.910 


-<«» 



140 
2,192 
15 
19, 191 
1,1:33 
9,939 
2.714 
1.997 
.V)0 
6,073 
2, 7.'W 
16.876 , 
2,09.S 
24 t 
103 I 
3,564 
19.796 I 
II 
1.844 
3,290 
2,355 i 
2,018 I 
112 I 

9.411 

4,; 
i.j 

^!i 
1.; 

9,114 



1,608 I 
4.851 

672 I 
22.596 
3.201 
6.247 

12. 179 ' 
34,990 I 

1.622 
4. 1S2 
22.S57 
121, MO 

10,752 I 

161 j 

8.034 I 

13, 166 I 
11,789 I 

15 , 

61.259 I 

15.893 I 

ll.»^19 I 

14,697 

859 I 

11.802 I 

4.010 

17.437 I 

21.151 

4.3»iO ' 

3.491 ; 

1,463 I 

329 I 

1,443 I 

2,738 I 



701 
3,191 

36 I 
22,286 
1,865 
5,515 
8.707 , 
3,183 , 
655 • 
5, :J62 
5, SSI : 
25. 797 i 
4,087 I 
35 I 
3.096 I 
6,705 i 
6^732 I 

5 ; 

33,513 I 

5.142 ' 

4.529 I 

2,511 I 

211 I 

8,968 ; 
4. nil ' 



1,011 
9rt 

216 
1.796 

942 



379 
83 

931 

1,320 

2,746 

468 

763 

368 

574 

65 

3,481 

345 

699 

2,269 

4,694 

225 

563 

2,144 

14.546 

830 

20 

289 

585 

2,131 

1 

2,010 

2,439 

861 

400 

54 

3,673 
1,055 

■■25 
•13 
M7 
184 
185 
47 
265 
282 



486 
7 

537 

361 
127 
124 

524 

177 

419 

4 

3,454 
215 
578 

2,240 
494 
116 
662 
892 

2,422 
371 

150 

478 

1,027 



813 
550 
441 
181 
U 

1,615 

857 

225 

429 

557 

76 

16 

29 

396 

36 



365 
42 

1,176 

1,229 

3,910 

207 

638 

249 I 
588 I 
74 I 
3,758 
321 1 
912 I 
2,636 
2,689 
148 
674 
1,647 
13,513 
852 
45 
216 
541 
1,978 
4 
1,977 
1,899 
792 
345 
15 

2,269 

962 

547 

2.382 

1,121 

133 

137 

44 

304 

197 



21,830 



fi05 
9 

548 

363 

207 

44 

342 

131 
417 

9 

3,691 

256 

849 

2,879 

451 

76 

758 

562 

2,114 

296 

7 
115 
405 
796 

3 
748 
464 
400 
165 

4 

1,409 

9f* 

146 

399 

671 

70 

29 

21 

450 

44 



RKPORT OF THE COManSSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 221 



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222 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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MAY 7 1929