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Full text of "Annual report of the Commissioner-General of Immigration"

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 
COMMISSIONER GENERAL 
OF IMMIGRATION - - - 1930 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 

JAMES J. DAVIS. Secretary 

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION 

HARRY E. HULL, Commissioner General 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 

COMMISSIONER GENERAL 
OF IMMIGRATION 

TO THE SECRETARY OF LABOR 

FISCAL YEAR 
ENDED JUNE 30 



1930 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON: 1930 



"• *• ^'^"iirmm of oocun^nt, 
DEC S- )9.3. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Report of the Commissioner General of Immigration 1 

Immigration 7 

Volume — Chief sources — -Admissions — Distribution — Emigration 7 

Aliens rejected 11 

Immigration via the Canadian border 13 

Immigration via the Mexican border 14 

Miscellaneous transactions at land border stations 15 

Facilitating business and social intercourse with foreign contiguous 

countries 16 

Technical advisers 17 

Administrative fines 17 

Seamen 18 

Criminal prosecutions and civil suits 21 

Deportations (expulsions) 22 

Aliens of the criminal and immoral classes deported 24 

Warrant cases 24 

Reentry permits 25 

Visas (nonquota and preference) 26 

Nonquota students 27 

Registry of aliens 27 

Chinese' 29 

Return permits 30 

Chinese arrested (Chinese exclusion act) 30 

Personnel (bureau) 31 

Personnel (administrative) — Field service 32 

Financial 33 

Border patrol 34 

Origin — Statutory authority for creation 34 

Development — Numerical strength and equipment 34 

Districts — Administration 35 

Duties of patrol inspectors 35 

Authority of law to act 35 

Operation 36 

Personnel — 

Selection — Elimination of unfit 37 

Training 38 

Uniforms 38 

Use of force: 39 

Outline of results accomplished 39 

General 40 

Roll of honor 41 

Transportation 44 

Administrative problems 45 

Legislation recommended 45 

Conclusion 48 

APPENDIX— STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION (TABLES 1 TO 117) 

[All tables cover the fiscal year ended June 30, 1930, unless otherwise indicated] 

Table Page 

1. Aliens admitted, departed, debarred, and deported, and United 

States citizens arrived and departed, years ended June 30, 1929 

and 1930, by ports or districts 51 

2. Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, 

years ended June 30, 1927, " 1928, 1929, and 1930, by semiannual 

periods and months !. 53 

3. Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure 

of aliens, years ended June 30, 1929 and 1930, by countries 54 

4. Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure 

of aliens, by race or people, sex, and age periods 57 

ni 



IV CONTENTS 

Table 

5. Intended future permanent residence of aliens admitted and last 

permanent residence of aliens departed, by States and Territories 

6. Occupations of alines admitted and departed, by classes 

7. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, age, and conjugal 

condition 

8. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, sex, and age 

9. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, sex, and conjugal 

condition 

10. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by ra'ce or people, age, and conjugal 

condition 

11. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, money shown, who 

paid passage, and whom going to join 

12. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by race or 'people, money shown, 

who paid passage, and whom going to join 

13. Literacy condition of immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people 

and sex 

14. Literacy condition of nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by race or people 

and sex 

15. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, age, and conjugal 

condition 

16. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, sex, and age 

17. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, sex, and conjugal 

condition 

18. Emigrant alines departed, by race or people, and length of residence 

in the United States 

19. Nonemigrant aliens departed, by race or people, age, and conjugal 

condition 

20. Nonemigrant aliens departed, by race or people, and length of resi- 

dence in the United States 

21. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people, sex, 

age, conjugal condition, and length of residence in the United 
States 

22. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by race or people, sex, 

age, conjugal condition, and length of residence in the United 
States 

23. Aliens admitted and departed, and United States citizens perma- 

nently departed, by classes, age, sex, and conjugal condition 

24. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people and countries of last 

permanent residence 

25. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people and countries of intended 

future permanent residence 

26. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people and 

countries of intended future permanent residence . 

27. Native-born citizens permanetly departed, by race or people and 

countries of intended future permanent residence 

28. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people and States of intended 

future permanent residence 

29. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people and States of last per- 

manent residence 

30. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people and 

States of last permanent residence 

31. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by race or people and 

States of last permanent residence 

32. Immigrant aliens admitted, by ports of entry and States of intended 

future permanent residence 

33. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and race or people 

34. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and race or people 

35. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by occupations and race 

or people 

36. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by occupations and 

race or people 

37. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and countries of last 

permanent residence ' 

38. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and countries of inteded 

future permanent residence 

39. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and States of intended 

future permanent residence 



CONTENTS V 

n V, Page 

rable 

40. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and States of last perma- 

j-|fij-|+ rpsi(^^nCG J-O^ 

41 Immigrant aliens'admit'ted, by race or people and country of birth. _ 136 

42 Immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens admitted, and emigrant and 

nonemigrant aliens departed, showing countries of last or intended 
future permanent residence, by sex 14- 

43 Immigrant ahens admitted during specified periods, January 1, 

1929, to June 30, 1930, by race or people and sex - 144 

44 Nonimmigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, January 1, 

1929, to June 30, 1930, by race or people and sex i-Vno"n 

45 Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, January 1, 1929, 

to June 30, 1930, bv race or people and sex 14b 

46 Nonemigrant aliens departed during specified periods, January 1, 

1929, to June 30, 1930, by race or people and sex T--:r " ^ ' 

47 Immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by classes under the 

immigration act of 1924, as amended, with comparative per cents, 

SpS soGcificd j-to 

48. Ahens admitted "under the immigration act of 1924, as amended, by 

classes and country or area of birth _-- 149 

49. Aliens admitted under the immigration act of 1924, as amended, by ^^ 

classes and race or people ^7;;^: 'S'I'u' " 

50. Aliens admitted under the immigration act of 1924, as amended, by 

classes and ports of entry 1^" 

51. Aliens debarred from entering the United States, by race or people, 

causes, and sex w-T,-"r"f7r'L 7"""- u" 

5'^ Aliens debarred from entering the United States, showing number 
rejected at the land border stations and at the seaports of entry, 
bv causes and sex — . 1"^ 

53 Alieiis debarred from entering the United States, showing number 

rejected at the land border stations and at the seaports of entry, 
bv race or people and sex -,V"j" ^~ 

54 \lien applicants for admission at the seaports and land border ports, 

showing number admitted and debarred and per cent of apphcants 
debarred, by race or people --. — --- l"'-^ 

55 Permanent residents of contiguous foreign territory applying tor 

temporary sojourn in the United States refused admission, by 
causes z"i-r .""" — lu' 

56 Aliens deported (under warrant proceedings) after entering the 

United States, by race or people, and principal causes 164 

57 Aliens deported (under warrant proceedings) after entering the 

United States, by race or people, and countries to which deported . IbS 

58 Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, by 

race or people, sex, age, class of defect, and disposition 172 

59 Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, show- 

ing sex, age, class of defect, and disposition, by disease or defect. - 174 

60. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, show- 

ing organ or portion of body affected, by disease or defect - 17b 

61. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, by 

disease or defect, and race or people 1'° 

62. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, by 

organ or portion of body affected, and race or people _... _ lb- 

63 Appeals from decisions under immigration laws, applications for 

admission on bond without appeal, applications for hospital 
treatment, and apphcations for transit, by causes .___-- 150 

64 Appeals from decisions under immigration laws, applications for 

admission on bond without appeal, applications for hospital treat- 
ment, and applications for transit, by ports or district 187 

65. Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, by race 

or people Aoo 

66. Aliens granted hospital treatment under section 18 and 22, by ports.. 188 

67. Comparison between alien arrivals and head-tax settlements 18 J 

68. Alien stowaways found on board vessels arriving at ports of the 

United States, by ports or districts l^J 

69 Japanese ahens applied for admission, admitted, debarred, deported, 

and departed, vears ended June 30, 1929 and 1930 .. 19^ 

70 Increase or decrease of Japanese population by alien admissions and 

departures, years ended June 30, 1929 and 1930, by months 190 



VI CONTENTS I 

Table Page 

71. Occupations of Japanese aliens admitted and departed 191 

72. Miscellaneous Chinese transactions, by ports 192 

73. Aliens admitted to continental United States (mainland) from 

insular possessions, and to insular possessions from mainland 

and from other insular possessions, by ports 193 

74. Arrivals in and departures from the Philippine Islands, calendar 

year 1929, as specified 193 

75. Aliens admitted to and aliens departed, debarred, and deported from 

the Philippine Islands, calendar j^ear 1929, by classes, as speci- 
fied 194 

76. Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, 

years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930 195 

77. Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, 

calendar years 1918 to 1929 195 

78. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930, 

by principal countries of last permanent residence 196 

79. Nonemigrant aliens departed, years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930, by 

principal countries of intended future permanent residence 197 

80. United States citizens permanently departed, years ended June 30, 

1918 to 1930, by principal countries of intended future permanent 
rpsicipiiop 1 Q7 

81. Immigration to the United' States", 1820 "to" i9'30, by" years .-." 198 

82. Immigration to the United States from northern and western Europe, 

southern and eastern Europe, Asia, Canada and Newfoundland, 
Mexico, West Indies, and other countries, during specified pe- 
riods, 1820 to 1930 200 

S3. Inunigration to the United States during specified periods, 1820 to 

1930, by countries 202 

84. Immigrant aliens admitted, years ended June 30, 1911 to 1930, by 

countries of last permanent residence 204 

85. Emigrant aliens departed, years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930, by 

countries of intended future permanent residence 208 

86. Immigrant aliens admitted, years ended June 30, 1899 to 1930, by 

race or people 212 

87. Emigrant aliens departed, years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930, by 

race or people 215 

88. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, showing 

comparative per cent of total, by race or people, vears ended 

June 30, 1926 to 1930 I 217 

89. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, witli excess 

of admissions or departures and number departed for every 100 
admitted, years ended June 30, 1927 to 1930, as specified, by 
countries of last or intended future permanent residence 218 

90. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, with excess 

of admissions or departures and number departed for every 100 
admitted, years ended June 30, 1927 to 1930, as specified, by 
race or people 220 

91. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, with excess 

of admissions or departures and number departed for every 100 
admitted, years ended June 30, 1927 to 1930, as specified, by 
States of intended future or last permanent residence 222 

92. Immigrant aliens admitted, with comparative per cent, by sex, vears 

ended June 30, 1871 to 1930 224 

93. Emigrant aliens departed, with comparative per cent, bv sex, vears 

ended June 30, 1908 to 1930 - - 225 

94. Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, years ended 

June 30, 1927 to 1930, by countries of last permanent residence, 

and sex 226 

95. Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, years ended June 

30, 1927 to 1930, by countries of intended future permanent res- 
idence, and sex 227 

96. Comparative per cent of sex of immigrant aliens admitted and 

emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, years ended 
June 30, 1927 to 1930, by countries of last or intended future 
permanent residence 228 

97. Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, years ended 

June 30, 1927 to 1930, by race or people and sex 230 



CONTENTS VII 

Table Page 

98. Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, years ended 

June 30, 1927 to 1930, by race or people and sex 231 

99. Comparative per cent of sex of immigrant aliens admitted and 

emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, years ended 

June 30, 1927 to 1930, by race or people 232 

100. Immigrant aliens admitted, years ended June 30, 1916 to 1930, by 

occupational groups, and comparative per cent 234 

101. Emigi-ant aliens departed, years ended June 30, 1916 to 1930, by 

occupational groups, and comparative per cent 235 

102. Alien applicants for admission to the United States, years ended 

June 30, 1911 to 1930, showing comparison of the number de- 
barred at the seaports and at the land border ports, as specified. _ 236 

103. Aliens debarred from entering the United States, showing com- 

parative per cent of total debarred, by race or people, years ended 

June 30, 1921 to 1930 237 

104. Aliens debarred, by causes, 1892 to 1930 239 

105. Aliens deported from the United States after landing, showing com- 

parative per cent of total deported, by race or people, vears 
ended June 30, 1921 to 1930, as specified ----- 241 

106. Aliens deported (under warrant proceedings) after entering the 

United States, years ended June 30, 1916 to 1930, by causes, and 
showing principal groups by comparative per cent 243 

107. Aliens admitted under the immigration act of 1924, as amended, by 

classes, years ended June 30, 1925 to 1930, with comparative per 

cent, as specified 245 

108. Aliens admitted to continental United States (mainland) from 

insular possessions, years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930, bj' ports-- 246 

109. Aliens departed from continental United States (mainland) to insular 

possessions, and from insular possessions to continental United 
States and other insular possessions, years ended June 30, 1919 
to 1930, by ports 247 

110. United States citizens arrived in continental United States (main- 

land) from insular possessions, and in insular possessions from 
continental United States and other insular possessions, years ended 
June 30, 1920 to 1930, by ports 248 

111. Filipinos, and Chinese and Japanese United States citizens, arrived 

in and departed from Hawaii, years ended June 30, 1922 to 1930, 

as specified 249 

112. Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended 

June 30, 1930, by race or people, country of birth, and sex 250 

113. Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended 

June 30, 1930, showing race or people, means of entry into the 
United States, and sex, Ijy port (or district) of arrival 254 

114. Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended 

June 30, 1930, sliowing race or people, by sex, age, and means of 
entry into the United States, as specified 258 

115. Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended 

June 30, 1930, showing year of entry into the United States, by 

race or people and sex 260 

116. Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended 

June 30, 1930, showing country of birth, by port (or district) of 
entry into the United States 262 

117. Applicants for registration under the act approved March 2, 1929, 

denied registry, and withdrawals, year ended June 30, 1930, by 
reasons for denial, race or people, and sex, as specified 266 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Department of Labor, 
Bureau of Immigration, 
Washington, June 30, 1930. 

Hon. James J. Davis, 

Secretary of Labor. 

Sir: The problem of regulating immigration varies in no small 
degree in complexitv and difficulty inversely as its volume is legis- 
latively curtailed. When, in 1882, laws were placed on the statute 
books absolutelv excluding Chinese laborers, it was like damming 
up a more or less placidly flowing stream. At every point the flow 
sought to escape its bounds. Immigration officers were for many 
years kept busv dav and night stopping the leaks. This flow now, 
after nearly half a century, has fairly subsided. Some of it, however, 
it should be stated in passing, has formed new channels, and is 
entering by wav of the so-called deserting-seaman route. 

The year 1921 witnessed the imposition of a legislative limitation 
(the first by the National Government) upon the number of immi- 
grants, natives of the Old World, who might come to us annually. 
The number who might come was further curtailed by the act of 
1924. Substantially the same tricks and schemes to evade (altered 
merely in detail to meet new conditions), which attended the stoppage 
of the flow of Chinese cooUe labor, manifested themselves in con- 
nection with this later restriction of immigration. 

It has been said by critics of our present immigration laws tvhat 
they are intolerant, narrow, selfish, insular, unintelUgent, unscientific. 
Candor compels the admission that our present immigration laws 
are far from perfect. The quota law and national-origins plan do 
not pretend in the main to do more than limit the volume of Old 
World immigration and maintain the equihbrium of the racial com- 
ponents of our population as it existed in 1920. As I have said, our 
present treatment of the immigration problem is far from perfect. 
We do not yet invite and receive immigrants if, as, and when we 
need them; in other words, we do hot exercise true selection. On 
the contrary, we shut the door to Old World immigration when a 
certain number of immigrants has passed in. These are admitted 
"first come, first served." It is not we, however, who are served, 
but those who have secured a place in the annual waiting line; their 
needs, not ours, primarily control. The doors to the immigration of 
natives of countries of the Western Hemisphere never close; all who 
knock may enter, regardless of numbers, whether we need them or 
not, save only the specifically proscribed. The so-called intolerance 



Z REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

of our present-day immigration restrictions is millennial grace com- 
pared with some of those of an earlier day. Let us briefly examine 
the record. 

Within a few years after the landing of the Pilgrims, Plymouth 
and Massachusetts Bay enacted laws forbidding any town or person 
to receive or entertain any stranger for more than three weeks without 
consent of the authorities, and Governor Winthrop in defending these 
laws held that it was lawful to refuse to receive "such whose disposi- 
tion suits not with ours and whose society we know will be hurtful 
to us." Quakers, Catholics in general, and Jesuits in particular, 
were unpopular. In 1647 Massachusetts Colony declared that no 
person ordained by the Pope should enter. Persons suspected of 
belonging to the Jesuit order were to be banished, and if again found 
in the Colony their lives were to be forfeit. In a burst of Cfiristian 
charity the colonial lawmakers decreed that Jesuits and priests cast 
ashore hj shipwreck should be given sufficient time to secure passage 
elsewhere. In 1700 it was declared that the Jesuits and Papish priests 
had "seduced and withdrawn the Indians from obedience and stirred 
them up to sedition and open rebellion," in consequence of which, 
upon pain of "perpetual punishment," the offenders were ordered 
immediately to depart. 

Boston afforded asylum, none too graciously, it is said, to a small 
group of French Huguenots. About 1730 Massachusetts began to 
naturalize French Protestants, residents of the Colony, at which 
time it was announced that the first "lot" had conducted themselves 
in so seemly a fashion, the Colony would permit others to enter. 
The Huguenot refugees in return gratefully bequeathed to Boston 
many illustrious descendants, including James Bowdoin, Peter 
Faneuil, and Paul Revere. 

The difficulties which beset the Connecticut colonies in deahng 
with the problems of immigration were essentially little, if any, dif- 
ferent from those which perplexed the sister colony of Massachusetts, 
and their laws were much the same. In 1657 the New Haven colony 
forbade Quakers to come within its jurisdiction. 

Rhode Island for many years seemed to favor an open-door policy, 
but following the deatn of Roger Williams the ideal which he had 
cherished of a refuge for the oppressed was somewhat bedimmed. 
Masters of vessels bringing foreigners from places outside of Great 
Britain, Ireland, Jersey, and Guernsey, were required to post a bond 
of £50 as a guarantee that such persons would not become a burden 
upon the Colony. 

New York, which in later days became the mecca of European 
immigrants, received comparatively little immigration in colonial 
times, and during that period apparently concerned itself little with 
the immigration problem, if the paucity of its laws of that day upon 
the subject can be regarded as a criterion. Originally settled by the 
Dutch, the colony was taken over by the English in 1664. The 
Dutch inhabitants were naturalized, but little or no eftort seems to 
have been made to induce further immigration. There is some ref- 
erence to a law against Jesuits and Catholics, and of a reward offered 
to the Indians for the capture and delivery of any of those persons 
to the governor at Albany. There is also a record of upward of 3,000 
Germans who were sent from England to New York in the winter of 
1709-10, with the purpose of settling them on the land. Their treat- 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONEK GENERAL OF IMMIGEATIOX 6 

ment at the hands of the New York authorities was so inhospitable 
that many of them emigrated to Pennsylvania. Tliis, it is said, 
strongly influenced the large German immigration of later days to 
shim New York. 

Pennsylvania was a real refuge for the oppressed in colonial times. 
Unlike Massachusetts, Pennsylvania did not discriminate along 
religious lines, except to require that the settlers should be Christians, 
and, unlike New York, it systematically promoted immigration. 
Lands were oft'ered on generous terms, and political freedom was 
guaranteed, as was also religious freedom within the limitations men- 
tioned. As an absence of these things in the Old World was chiefly 
responsible for the growing discontent there, it w^as but natural that 
the tide of immigration should turn strongly to this colony. No 
immigration laws were known in the colony until after the British 
act of 1717 for the transportation of felons to the colonies. Penn- 
sylvania bitterly opposed the British act and enacted a series of laws 
to keep felons out. The German immigration into Pennsylvania 
during the first half of the eighteenth century is said to have been the 
most extensive immigration of colonial times. During the same 
period a considerable number of Irish also came, and in 1729 the 
assembly passed an act laying a tax on foreigners and Irish servants 
coming into the Province. Several sliips, loaded with immigrants 
intended for Pennsylvania, landed their passengers in New Jersey to 
escape the tax, while others diverted their human cargoes to the 
Carolinas. Pennsylvania, fearful of a continuance of tliis diversion, 
repealed the tax and reverted to the open-door policy. It came later 
to be said that toleration had made the colony a religious museum. 

Maryland had a rather curious immigration history; supposedly 
founded as an asjium for Roman Catholics, it was never exclusively 
so. As early as 1649 the assembly passed an act granting toleration 
to all believers. This was said to be the first colonial legislation of 
its kind. Five years later, however, a law was passed denying pro- 
tection to those who professed the "Popish religion." This law, 
which apparently was more or less of an echo of the religious strife then 
prevailing in England, was short lived. However, in 1704 priests 
were forbidden to hold any public office, or engage in the work of 
education in Maryland. In 1715 the assembly assessed a fine against 
every Irish servant brought into the Province, the avov/ed purpose 
being "to prevent the too great importation of Papists." Maryland, 
like other colonies, was sorely troubled by the mother country's ex- 
portation of convicts, and in 1676 passed an act forbidding the recep- 
tion of such people, and imposing a fine of 2,000 poimds of tobacco 
for every violation. 

Virginia, like Massachusetts, was intolerant from the beginning. 
Catholics and Quakers were under the ban, and dissenters from the 
Established Church were held to be hardly less objectionable. As 
e&T\y as 1631 an act was published making the "customs, canons, and 
constitution of the Church of England" obligatory on all inhabitants, 
and some years later a company of Non-Confonnists was banished 
from the Province, taking refuge in Maryland. For the first 50 years 
Virginia seems to have enacted no law for the promotion of immigra- 
tion, but later on the Colony offered such hberal inducements to set- 
tlers that many came from Europe and also from other colonies, with 



4 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 

the result that when the first national census was taken in 1790, it 
boasted the largest population of any of the States. 

The first settlers in the Carolinas were emigrants from Virginia, 
and this flow continued for a good many years. About 16G9 legis- 
lation was enacted with a view to increasing the population. One 
such law forbade the collection of debts from settlers who had con- 
tracted them before coming to the colony, and for a long time the 
people of Virginia referred to Carolina as "Rogues Harbor." As was 
the case with the central and southern colonies in general, immigra- 
tion to the Carolinas was stimulated in various ways. Laws to this 
end were enacted over a period of half a century or more, and these 
evidently induced considerable immigration from other colonies as 
well as from the Old World. The Province seems to have attracted 
the majority of the exiled Huguenots who came to the New World, 
and many of the present-day citizens of both North and South 
Carolina proudly trace their lineage to these settlers. The Swiss 
came in considerable numbers, and were the founders of New Bern, 
named for the capital of their home country. 

Passing to the close of the colonial period, and entering upon the 
era following the signing of the Declaration of Independence, an inter- 
esting sidelight is cast by that document upon the temper and spirit 
of the times, so far as they concerned immigration. In the recital of 
the colonists' grievances against the king of Great Britain is this 
indictment: "He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of 
foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and the conditions of new appropriations of lands." Immigration in 
a swelling volume came to our shores; always was there a demand for 
more people. Aside from the towns, cities, and settlements, mainly 
along our Atlantic coast, America was virtually a wilderness — it 
needed population. There came the hardy, the adventurous, the 
oppressed, the protestant against Old World conditions, the inden- 
tured servant, convicts, and other social outcasts. Few embarrass- 
ing questions were asked. More workers, more homes, more babies, 
the demand was seemingly insatiable. 

For a hundred years following the Declaration of Independence, 
the course of immigration legislation was almost, if not quite, as 
chaotic and haphazard as it had been during colonial times. True, 
the National Government in 1819 enacted a law requiring the sub- 
mission annually to the Secretary of State of reports concerning immi- 
gration, and also making certain provisions for the care and comfort 
of steerage passengers. But the States continued to legislate con- 
cerning immigration matters each in its own way and according to its 
own lights, interests, whim, or caprice. The courts were now, with 
increasing frequency, interpreting these laws or nullifjang them, as 
circumstances seemed to warrant, slowly but surely bringing closer 
the day of exclusive national control. On May 31, 1870, the Congress, 
in an evident desire to avoid international complications, declared 
that "No tax or charge shall be imposed or enforced by any State 
upon any person emigrating thereto from a foreign country which is 
not equally imposed and enforced upon every person emigrating to 
such State from any other foreign country." 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 5 

On March 3, 1875, the National Congress approved an act providing 
in the main for the exclusion of involuntanj oriental immigration, and 
the importation of women for immoral purposes. ^t i • j, 

For many years, in fact even after 1835, when the "Know Nothing 
and "Native American" movements were developing, the attitude of 
the country in the main continued unchanged. In other words, the 
feelino- was widespread that it was contrary to the principles and 
ideals'^of our Government to exclude anyone from the privileges and 
advantages offered by America. The very title of an act passed by 
Cono-ress on July 4, 1864; i. e., "An Act to Encourage Immigration, 
while not truly descriptive of its purposes, was nevertheless sigmficant 
of this deep-rooted sentiment. , i j 

Until March 20, 1876, when the Supreme Court declared unconsti- 
tutional the immigration laws of New York, California, and Louisiana, 
leaving those States without authority to recompense themselves by 
means of a head tax for the expense of regulating immigration, the 
States as a whole were very prone to do the regulating. 1 he Supreme 
Court in the decision referred to recordfid itself as of the opinion that: 
"this whole subject has been confined to Congress by the Constitu- 
tion- that Congress can more appropriately and with more expedience 
exercise it than anv other body known to our law, state or national; 
that by providing a system of laws in these matters apphcable to all 
ports and all vessels, a serious question which has long been a matter 
of contest and complaint may be effectively and satisfactorily 

settled." ^ ^ i 1 ^1 • •<- 

While the decision rendered by the Supreme Court and tiie views it 
expressed in connection therewith would seem to have left little or no 
alternative to immediate assumption of national control of immigra- 
tion, the Congress was rather tardy in enacting legislation. 

On Auo-ust 3, 1882, in response to a recommendation contained in 
the message of President Arthur to the Congress, dated December 6, 
1881, an immigration act was passed and approved, levying a duty or 
tax of 50 cents per capita upon ahens entering the United States by 
water. This marked the beginning of the so-called "immigrant hind, 
which by the way, was made continuously available for the expenses 
of reo-ulating immigration, until July 1, 1909, when Congress abohshod 
the "fund" and inaugurated the system of yearly appropriations in 
effect to-day. Other and very important provisions were contained 
in the act of August 3, 1882. It placed the administration thereoi m 
the hands of the Secretary of the Treasury, and authorized him to 
enter into contracts with the officials of the several States as might 
be designated by the governors thereof respectively, to take care ot 
local immigration matters. The act excluded idiots, lunatics, persons 
likely to become pubUc charges, and convicts, excepting those con- 
victed of poHtical ofl'enses. 

While the National Government was thus beginning to assume con- 
trol and rather cautiously to post "No trespassing" signs, it appar- 
ently was not prepared wholly to abandon the idea so prevalent in 
the preceding century, that immigration was, upon the whole, some- 
thing to be encouraged, for on March 3, 1883, it enacted that immi- 
grants' horses and wagons were to be free from duty, and on June 2b, 
1884, exempted from head tax immigrants landing from vessels plying 
between Mexico or Canada and America until such time as immigrants 
coming by land carriers should be required to pay a tax. 



I 



6 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

For many years aliens had been admitted to the United States 
under labor contracts. In fact, the act of July 4, 1864, entitled "An 
Act to Encourage Immigration," which was repealed on March 30, 
1868, validated in this country contracts entered into by aliens 
abroad, pledging their wages to repay advances made to them for the 
expenses of migrating here. The same act vahdated liens given by 
these immigrants in advance upon lands which they might acquire in 
this country, to satisfy any unpaid advances of passage money. 
While, as stated, this act was rather short lived, there was nothing on 
the statute books affirmatively forbidding the admission of aliens 
under contract to perform work in this country until February 23, 
1887, although an act approved February 26, 1885, invalidated such 
contracts, and provided for the prosecution of the importers. In 
short, the early eighties of the nineteenth century marked the real 
beginning of restrictive immigration legislation. In May, 1882, the 
Congress placed on the statute books the beginning of a series of en- 
actments excluding Chinese laborers from the United States. In 
rapid succession the National Congress has since placed statutes of 
one kind or another on the law books, restrictive or regulatory, until 
to-day there are, in addition to the so-called Chinese exclusion acts, 
58 separate acts or parts of acts in operation. 

It seems almost trite to say that of all the factors which have en- 
tered into our development as a nation, none has exerted a more 
powerful influence than immigration; nor is there one which will 
more surely or profoundly shape its future. We can not escape the 
consequences, biological, social, and economic, whether they be for 
good or evil, of past immigration; but we must, if the vision which 
the founders had of the nation to be, is to be realized, and that 
realization endure, consider well what we shall do about immigration 
in the future. The task calls for courage and a disregard of indi- 
vidual self-interest. 

No man can to-day foresee where the tremendous forces of growing 
population, scientific discovery, invention, and steadily increasing 
wealth are leading. The more thoughtful are wondering how it will 
fare with our children. We are vaguely uneasy as we observe the 
swiftness of the changes coming over us — changes in our way of 
living, changes in our moral standards. Streams of new blood of 
many races have for over three centuries merged on this continent to 
create a mighty nation. The question is: Do we need, and if we do 
not, can we with safety permit a continuance of the infusion? My 
own belief is that we do need, and perhaps shall always need, new 
blood of the right kind. It is high time, however, that we placed it 
under the microscope. We need and probably shall alwaj^s need 
those better skilled in ways of doing things than we are; those who by 
their skill, their art, their knowledge will create new and additional 
opportunities for useful service and happiness, instead of depriving 
those who are here and their children of such opportunities. Cer- 
tainly mental, physical, and moral standards ought to be exacting. 

I sometimes wonder if further immigration of any substantial pro- 
portions is to occur in the future, would it not be well, instead of 
letting it come from foreign lands, to prepare to have it come from 



I* 



BEPORT OF THE COMjNIISSIOXER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 7 

the ranks of the dissatisfied and the unemployed of the congested 
centers of our countr}^ and go to the more sparsely settled regions of 
our land. It seems to me that these sparsely settled regions may 
become the promised land of generations yet to be born in this 
country, and that those regions may well be preserved against the 
day of coming need, which ine^^ltabl}'^ will result from mere natural 
increase of population, unaugmented by alien immigration. These 
sparsely settled regions are our reserves, as I see them, to which the 
masses of our cities of the future may turn for a new independence, a 
new life, a life freed from the speeded machine of industrialism, a life 
nearer nature and nearer God. 

Until 1921, when the first limiting quota law was enacted, we were 
so greatly occupied with incoming aliens we hardl}^ had opportunity 
properly to take stock of our household. While the number of aliens 
whom we have been compelled to expel because of unlawful entry or 
abuse of our hospitalitj^ has increased fairly steadily in the past 
decade: 4,517 in 1921, 4,345 in 1922, 3,661 in 1923, 6,409 in 1924, 
9,495 in 1925, 10,904 in 1926, 11,662 in 1927, 11,625 in 1928, 12,908 
in 1929, and 16,631 in the fiscal 3'ear ended June 30, 1930, there is no 
question that the task of house cleaning has practically only just 
begun. To continue the work and do it thoroughly is the big job 
ahead. It will require some modification of existing law and increas- 
ing expenditures if the job is to be thoro uglily and effectively ac- 
complished; but every dollar spent will return handsome and per- 
manent dividends in increased respect for law, order, and our 
institutions. 

In the following pages will be found figures and discussion dealing 
with some of the more important phases of immigration and immi- 
gration control as well as recommendations looking to legislation re- 
garded as desirable. In the appendix following the text will be found 
tables of interest from a statistical standpoint. 

Before passing to a discussion of the work of the past year, I wish, 
here and now, to pay tribute to my fellow workers on the firing line 
in the field, along our coasts and borders, and in Hawaii and Porto 
Rico, as well as my associates in the bureau, without whose loyal, 
unselfish, and intelligent cooperation the achievements of the past 
fiscal year herein recorded would not have been possible. 

IMMIGRATION 
VOLUME— CHIEF SOURCES— ADMISSIONS— DISTRIBUTION— EMIGRATION 

In the tables, contained in the appendix, showing the number of 
aliens admitted by classes under the provisions of the immigration 
act of 1924, three general terms are employed: "Quota immigrant," 
''nonquota immigrant," and "nonimmigrant." The terms, as defined 
by the act, do not have regard exclusively for an alien's last or intended 
future countr}^ of residence nor duration of residence, whereas the 
terms "immigrant," "nonimmigrant," "emigrant," and"nonemigrant," 
as elsewhere employed, do have regard for these elements. For 
example, the act of 1924 places a government official m the category" 



8 EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

of nonimmigrants regardless of the intended length of his stay here^ 
whereas for general statistical purposes he is actually treated, if 
other than an "accredited" official, in common with other aliens, as 
an immigrant if coming to remain for a substantial period of time. 
There are other classes so treated, but the illustration will help, it is 
believed, to make clear the distinction. From a statistical stand- 
point, generally speaking, immigrants are newcomers intending to 
remain permanently or for a substantial period of time. Emigrants 
are those who leave us permanently or for a substantial period of 
time. With this in view, the statistical significance of the terms 
"nonimmigrant" and "nonemigrant" is obvious. 

During the past fiscal year 446,214 aliens were admitted, of which 
number 241,700 were statistically classified as immigrants and 
204,514 as nonimmigrants. Of the 241,700 immigrants, 141,497 
were chargeable to the quota, as hereinafter shown in tabulated detail, 
and 100,203 not so chargeable. Aliens who left the United States 
numbered 272,425, of which 50,661 were emigrants and 221,764 non- 
emigrants. Balancing the total outward flow against the total inward 
flow, the net gain for the year was 173,789, but since the nonemigrants 
exceeded the nonimmigrants by 17,250, the actual apparent net per- 
manent gain in population was 191,039, or the difference, of course, 
between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants. This 
figure compares with 210,475 in the preceding year and 229,798 in the 
year before that. 

The number of aliens denied admission was 8,233. Alien seamen 
to the number of 1,195,596 were examined. Addmg these figures to 
the 446,214 aliens admitted furnishes a total of 1,650,043 examined, 
compared with the total of 1,653,279 for the previous vear and 1,638,- 
469 for the fiscal year of 1928. 

As pointed out in last year's report, it should be understood that 
the foregoing figures as to admissions do not embrace aliens admitted 
for a period of not to exceed six months from foreign contiguous 
territory who had resided therein a j^ear or more, nor aliens resident 
of this country who have returned across our land boundaries from 
visits of not to exceed six months in foreign contiguous territory, nor 
aliens who habitually or periodically Cross and recross the land 
boundaries. Treating each of said entries as a separate transaction 
and adding thereto the 1,650,043 aliens previously referred to, there 
occurred at our land and water ports an approximate grand total of 
31,600,000 alien inspections, to say nothing of the work attending the 
readmission over and over again, approximately some 29,000,000 
times, of American citizens. The admission upon subsequent entry 
of the regular "border crossers" is facilitated by the steadily growing 
number of such persons availing themselves of the privilege of securing 
at land border ports identification cards after initial inspection and 
admission, 50,933 such cards being now in use along the Canadian 
border and 187,325 along the Mexican border. 

Of the 241,700 immigrant aliens admitted, the countries of north- 
western Europe, principally Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 
Germany, the Irish Free State and Scandinavia, contributed 97,118, 
or 40.2 per cent, and southern and eastern Europe 50,320, or 20.8 per 



\ 



KEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGEATION 9 

cent Immigration from Europe as a whole dropped from 158^98 

n 1929 to ll7,43S in 1930, a decline of 11,160, or 7 per cent. The 

hrnkaPT was largely confined to Germany and Scandmavia the 

Jormerl^ contri^^^ dropping from 46,751 to 26,569, or 43^2 per 

enT and the latter's from 17,379 to 6,919, or 60.2 per cent. Pract - 
ca lY all the other countries of Europe sent a larger nuniber of mimi- 
orants n 1930 than during the year before especially Great Britam 
nnd Northern Ireland, immigration from that source jumpmg from 
03 576 to 36 489, or 54 8 per ?ent, with Italy also showmg an mcrease 
fi^mi 18 008 to 22.327. The reduction under the national-ongms 

Ian in the annual quota allotted Germany and the Scandinavian 
countrL during the past year accounts m the most part for the 
decreased immi|ration therefrom, and the mcreased quota under that 
^InTfor Great Britam and Northern Ireland, m the mam, accounts 
Fo? the'nSa'se S immigration therefrom. While Ws^^^^^^ 
the national-origins plan was mcreased ^^J^^^^hmg less than 2 000 the 
more than 4,000 increase m immigration from that country is 
explained as isual in part by the mcrease in the number of arrmng 
nonquota ^ves and children. Although the annual quota.for the Insh 
FreeTtate was reduced mider the national-ongms plan imm^^^^^ 
from that country last year was slightly larger than m 1929, when 

'''i:^^fZ:tZ\Cwtn^^^^ and Central America showed a 
slight mcrease while that from South America showed a decrease. 
ThtniTXT of Immigrant aliens admitted from countries of the 
' New W^ld dropped from 116,177 m 1929 to 88,104 m 1930 . 

While Canada and Mexico continue, generally speakmg, to furnish 
a large proportion of present-day immigrants each sent a decreased 
mmber in the past year, notwithstanding the natives of each are 
exempt from quota limitations m common with the natives o other 
fnH^endent countries of the Western Hemisphere. The declme m 
the cS Crada^4^ from 64,440 in 1929 to 63,502 m 1930, or l.o 
per cent but in the case of Mexico the reduction was very heavy, 
behig from 40,154 to 12,703, a decrease of 27,451, or 68.4 Pf cent.. 
''Sfer two-thirds of the 241,700 immigrant -l^^ns admitted « 
the fiscal vear 1930 were in the 16 to 44 age group, 57,736 being from 
16 to 21 71,570 from 22 to 29, 32,043 from 30 to 37 and 15,. 10 frorn 
38 to 44. Of the remainder, 40,777 were under 16 and 23,864 were 

'^The wome'n^outnumbered the men among.the immigrants for the 
nast vear This has occurred but once previously, and that was m 
1922 ^foUowmg the World War. The ratio of male immigrants to 
female immigrants was about 6 to 7 for the past year; the number of 
mSes dropped from 142,132 in 1929 to 117,026 m 1930, and the females 
From 137,54r^^ 124,674, a decrease of 17.7 per cent and 9-4 Per cent 
respectively. The decreased number of male immigrants of the 

Sican ra'ce during 1930 largely ---^^./^ ^c^obSIS^^^ 
ratio. However, in 1930 there were in all 20,906 male immigrants 
and 19,871 female immigrants under 16 years; 86,666 males and 
15597—30 2 



10 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEK GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

90,393 females ranged in age from 16 to 44 years, and 9,454 males 
and 14,410 females from 45 upward. Of all immigrants admitted 
85,149 males and 70,680 females were single, 30,238 males and 47,322 
females were married, and 1,639 males and 6,672 females were either 
widowed or divorced. 

Among the immigrants admitted, almost every imaginable calling 
was represented. Those, however, claiming no occupation predom- 
inated, 105,594 being of this class, consisting mainly of women and 
children. Teachers, numbering 1,792, led in the professional class; 
1,584 immigrants were recorded as engineers, and 893 as members of 
the clergy. Clerks and accountants numbered 12,559; carpenters, 
2,616; machinists, 1,802; miners, 1,634; iron and steel workers, 1,380; 
tailors, 1,307; and miscellaneous mechanics and other skilled workers, 
24,274. The immigrants for the past year also included 30,183 
laborers, 29,073 servants, 8,375 farmers, and 13,015 of the mercantile 
and miscellaneous classes. 

The vast majority of arriving immigrants was destined to the more 
densely populated States: Eighty-four thousand seven hundred and 
thirty-four, or 35.1 percent, to New York State ; 22,149, or 9.2 per cent, 
to Michigan; 18,127, or 7.4 per cent, to Massachusetts; 16,510, or 6.9 
per cent, to New Jersey; 15,906, or 6.6 per cent, to Pennsylvania; and 
15,012, or 6.2 per cent, to Illinois. The North Atlantic and North 
Central States together received 203,950, or 84.4 per cent, of the 
immigrants, the North Atlantic States 61.5 per cent, and the 
North Central States 22.9 per cent. The South Atlantic and South 
Central States received about 5 per cent of the immigrants, 4,271 
going to the former and 7,926 to the latter. The Western States 
received 25,080, or 10.4 per cent, over three-fifths of whom settled 
in California. The insular possessions, including Alaska and HawaiiJ 
were the destinations of 473 immigrants. 

Of the total number of immigrants admited, 2,495 (570 male and 
1,925 female) could neither read nor write, all being 16 years of age 
or over. Immigrants to the number of 67,872 showed less than $50 
each, 122,177 showed $50 or over each; so that of those who exhibited 
money about 64 per cent showed $50 or more and 36 per cent less 
than $50 at the time of arrival. Experience has taught us that arriving 
immigrants very frequently fail to show all the money in their posses- 
sion, nor has it been possible to devise any practical means of accurately 
determining how much, if any, of the money shown has been supplied 
by friends or relatives in this country. 

Over one-half, or 135,776, of the immigrants, including those who 
came by way of the borders, claimed to have paid their own passage 
or traveling expenses, while 103,099 admitted that their passage had 
been paid by relatives and 2,825 that it had been paid by persons other 
than relatives. In other words, over two-fifths of the immigrants 
admittedly were assisted to reach this country. Immigrants to the 
number of 199,841 claimed to be coming to join relatives, 25,808 to 
join friends, and 16,051 to join neither relatives nor friends. 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIOXEll GEXERAL OF IMMIGEATIOX 



11 



iiinual quotas under the 1890 population plan and the national-origins plan, and 
the number of quota immigrants admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1929 and 
1930, showing increase or decrease of admission, by country or region of birth, 
as specified 



Country or area of birth 


Annual quota 


Quota immigrants admitted 


Fiscal 
year 1929 


Fiscal 
year 1930 


Fiscal Fiscal 
year 1929 year 1930 


In- 
crease 


De- 
crease 


\11 countries . 


164, 667 


153.714 


146,918 ( 141,497 




5, 421 


Europe, total _ 




161, 422 


150, 491 


144, 167 137, 016 




7,151 






100 
100 

785 
512 
100 

3,073 
228 

2,789 
124 
471 

3,954 
51, 227 

34, 007 

100 

473 

100 

28, 567 

3,845 

142 

100 

344 

100 

100 

1,648 

6,453 

5,982 

503 

603 

2,248 

100 

131 

9,561 

2,081 

100 

671 

m 


100 
100 

1,413 

1,304 
100 

2,874 
100 

1,181 
116 
569 

3,086 
25, 957 

65, 721 

307 

869 

100 

17, 853 

5,802 

236 

100 

386 

100 

100 

3,153 

2,377 

6,524 

440 

295 

2,784 

100 

252 

3,314 

1,707 

226 

845 

(1) 


85 

3 

832 

517 

108 

2,990 

214 

2,703 

129 

477 

3,532 

48, 468 

f 11,010 

J 3, 254 

i 14,581 

I 1, 597 

166 

527 

52 

19, 341 

3,845 

174 

35 

368 

101 

2 

1,552 

6,061 

5,651 

529 

870 


110 

1 

1,417 

1,118 

95 

2,898 

112 

1,144 

112 

559 

2,812 

27, 119 

18,480 

7,860 

21,917 

2,018 

362 

864 

41 

19, 692 

5,610 

202 

9 

398 

2,788 

2,546 

6,456 

433 

670 


25 

""585" 
601 

""""82" 

7,470 

4, 606 

7,336 

421 

196 

337 

"""351" 

1, 765 

28 

""""30" 

2 

1,236 

"""805" 

"""387" 
"""162" 

....... 

450 






2 






P'l k'ium - 




liiilL'aria 


13 




92 




102 




1,559 


uia - 


17 


,nd 




.;;re . . 


720 




21, 349 


Grr-M Britain and Northern Ireland: 




Northern Ireland - - - 












Greece _ _ 








Iceland - - 


11 


Irish Free State 




Italv 










26 


Lithuania . 






5 


Monaco 






3,515 


Poland - - 






96 


Rumania . - . . - 


200 




1,844 ! 2,231 

59 1 45 

170 ! 332 

9,176 1 3,204 

2,020 1,605 

67 1 65 

698 i 782 

359 809 






14 


Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland . . . 


""'5,"972 

415 


Turkev 


2 


Yugoslavia . - - - - 




Other Europe 








Asia 


1,424 
1,821 


1,423 
1,800 


1,186 
685 
880 


J 2, 150 

614 

1,717 


964 
"""§37" 




Africa, Australia and Pacific Islands 


71 


Ainprican colonies of F.iiropean countries 









' Annual quota for colonies, dependencies, or protectorates in other Europe, Asia, Africa, Paciflc Islands, 
and America is included with the annual quota for the European country to which they belong. 

2 Includes quota immigrants born in Siberia and other colonies, dependencies, or protectorates of Euro- 
pean countries. 

ALIENS REJECTED 

Of the 8,233 aliens rejected upon arrival, over three-fourths were 
excluded at land border ports, 4,928 on the Canadian border, 1,452 
on the Mexican border, and the balance, 1,853, at the seaports. 
The effectiveness of the system of preexamining abroad intending 
alien applicants, wdth the assistance of experienced immigrant in- 
spectors serving as technical advisers to American consuls, continues 
to be reflected in the percentage of rejections at the seaports. In 
the past year less than six-tenths of 1 per cent of the applicants pre- 
senting themselves at seaports were rejected, or 1,853 out of 348,036, 



12 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

or about 53 in each 10,000. At New York, where the bulk of the arriv- 
als coming- from countries where technical advisers are stationed 
presented themselves, the rejections were less than four-tenths of 1 
per cent 1,025 out of 290,376 applicants at that port having been 
rejected during the past year, or about 35 in each 10,000. The maior 
portion ot the rejections at the seaports, consisting largely of stowa- 
ways and alien seamen seeking permanent residence in the United 
fetates, was due to the absence of proper visas required by the immigra- 
tion act of 1924. The rejections during the past year at land bolder 
ports, amounting to 4,928 on the Canadian border and 1,452 on the 
Mexican border, are in marked contrast with the rejections on the 
land borders during the year before, totahng 16,094. The tightening 
up m the issuance of visas by American consuls in Canada and Mexico 
and particularly the latter, is without doubt largely responsible for 
the reduction mentioned. The subjoined tables afford more detailed 
inlormation in connection with the foregoing. 

Applicants for admission 

Aliens whose cases were pending beginning of fiscal year 1930 i 272 

New applicants during the vear 4^' 440 

Cases finally disposed of (aliens coming for permanent" or 'temporarv 
residence or to resume unrelinquished domicile) : 

Admitted on primary inspection. _ ____ _ __ _ 491 ycg 

Admitted after temporary detention (without "board" of" special " ' 
mquiry hearing) ^ "^ '' ^ ^.r. 

Admitted by board of special inquiry. _. _ ~VVl 14 711 
Rejected by board of special inquiry without appeal to department" 6' 328 
Rejected by board of special mquiry but appealed to department- 
Appeal sustained (alien admitted) . _____ 1 SQS 
Appeal denied (alien debarred) _ __ "" " I'qn? 
Died (after arrival and before final action taken) 1 1 II _ " I " " I ] I ^ 10 

From custody of immigration officers _ _ 7 

From custody of others _ _ 2. I '"" 20 

Aliens whose cases were pending at close of fiscal" year "fos'o" • 

Before board of special inquiry __ _____ _ _ _ _ Q4.1 

On appeal to department _" "_ """ "" "" " "" """ occ 

On appeal to court " "I_" I' I ?« 

In hospital for treatment ....._ _ _ ~_ fg 

Awaiting primary inspection, transits, "an'd" others'.".' II""" 576- 



SUMMARY 



Cases pending beginning of fiscal year 1930 _ _ 1 27"? 

New apphcants during the year__l ~.V.'.V_ 454' 449 

Total applicants 4(^^5791 

Aliens admitted during the year: ' 

On primary inspection.' 429 gOo 

By board of special inquiry 14* 711 

On appeal to department."^ I.IIIII l' 898 

Total admitted _ 44^ 914 

Aliens rejected during the year: ■*", -^i* 

By board of special inquiry without appeal to 

department _ g 320 

On appeal to department I_IIIIIII_III l' 905 

Total rejected o oqq 

Aliens who died or escaped IIIIIIII' '07 



Cases pending at close of fiscal year 'l"9'3"o' 1 

J., 



37 
237 



Total applicants 4c c 



72L 



J REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 13 

Alien stowaways found on board vessels arriving from foreign ports i 



Chinese Japanese 



Stowaways whose cases were pending beginning of fiscal year 



1930. 



New cases during the year: 

Found by immigration oiEcers. 

Found by customs ofBcers 

Reported by vessels... 



Total. 



Admitted: 

By board of special inquiry 

rf On appeal to department - 

Debarred: . .^^ ^ i 
By board of special mquiry without appeal. 
On appeal to department.. 

Escaped (after found or reported) : 

From custody of immigration officers 

From custody of others.. 

Cases pending at close of year: 

Before board of special inquiry 

On appeal to department 

Before court as witnesses --- 

In penitentiary 



Total. 



Others 



135 
45 



963 



27 
15 

824 
70 

1 

4 

12 
3 
6 
1 



Total 



963 



139 

61 
848 

1,051 



27 
15 

905 
70 

1 
4 

19 
3 
6 
1 



1,051 



I United States citizens arrived as stowaways, 412. 

IMMIGRATION VIA THE CANADIAN BORDER 

During the year 82,058 aliens, exclusive of visitors, returning resi- 
dents and regular crossers were admitted via the Canadian border, 
as compared with 74,386 of the same class during the preceding fiscal 
year The increase in the recorded admissions of this class during the 
past vear was due mainly to the inclusion of arrivals from overseas 
who landed at Canadian seaports. This class has been heretolore 
shown separately as aliens admitted at Canadian Atlantic or Canadian 
Pacific seaports. . ^ r^ j j 

Of the 82,058 aUens admitted, 41,144 were natives of Canada and 
36,904 of European countries, principally England, Scotland, Ire- 
land, Germany, and Poland, in the order named. China was given 
as the place of birth of 1,125, and other Asiatic countries ot 636; 
1 340 were born in Africa, Austraha, New Zealand, and the Pacihc 
Islands; 338 in Newfoundland; 301 in the British West Indies and 
44 in the other West Indies; and 226 in other America. 

Of the 82,058 ahens, 61,531 were statistically classified as_ immi- 
grants and 20,527 as nonimmigrants. The majority of the imnngrants 
was admitted under the immigration act of 1924 as natives of Canada 
nonquota, and the balance as quota immigrants, natives of other 
countries. Of the 82,058 aliens, 37,201, or 45.3 per cent, came in 
under the act as natives of nonquota countries, principally Canada 
and Newfoundland; 22,151, or 27 per cent, entered as immigrants 
charged to the quota, being mainly of European bu-th; and 20,174, 
or 24.6 per cent, as visitors and transits who had resided less than a 
year in Canada or Newfoundland, or having resided there a year or 
more remained more than six months in this country, and returning 
residents who had been out of the country more than six months. 
The remaining 2,532, or 3.1 per cent, were of the miscellaneous classes 



14 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENEEAL OF IMMIGEATION 

under the act, including 219 Government officials, their families, 
attendants, servants, and employees; 79 aliens coming to carry on 
trade under existing treaty; 1,196 wives, 234 husbands, and 162 un- 
married children under 21 years of age of United States citizens; 
208 wives and 13 unmarried children (born in quota countries) of 
natives of nonquota countries; 95 ministers of religious denominations 
and 24 wives and 16 unmarried children of ministers; 37 professors 
and 9 wives and children of professors; 225 students; 14 women who 
had been American citizens; and 1 American Indian born in Canada. 

Immigration from Canada has declined from year to year since 
July 1, 1924, when the law became effective requiring visas of all 
immigrants seeking admission to the United States; in 1925, including 
arrivals by land and water, it was 100,895; in 1926, 91,019; in 1927, 
81,506; in 1928, 73,154; in 1929, 64,440; and in 1930, 63,502. The 
successive decreases were 99,795 for the j^ear 1925 — 9,876, 9,513, 
8,352, 8,714, and 938. In 1924, the peak year of immigration over 
the northern land border, 200,690 immigrants came from Canada and 
Newfoundland. 

Of the 61,531 alien immigrants recorded last year as entering via 
the Canadian border, 31,381 were males and 30,150 females. The 
single males numbered 20,815 and single females 17,230; the married 
males 9,911 and married females 10,959; the widowers 581 and widows 
1,827; the male divorced 74 and female 134. About one-seventh of 
the immigrants, 8,488, were under 16 years of age; 45,754 from 16 to 
44 years; and 7,289 45 years of age or over; 18,093 gave skilled occu- 
pations; 7,167 were laborers; 5,234 servants; 2,962 farmers; and 1,512 
of the commercial, and 1,534 of miscellaneous classes. Only 3,518 
gave a professional occupation. The number listed as having no 
occupation, largely women and children, was 23,872. The vast 
majority of these immigrants settled in States along the border. 
Michigan received the largest number, 14,323; New York State, 
13,403; Massachusetts, 5,594; Maine, 2,845; Connecticut, 1,302; and 
New Hampshire, 1,056. 

IMMIGRATION VIA THE MEXICAN BORDER 

During the year 17,973 aliens, classified statistically as immigrants 
and nonimmigrants, were admitted over the Mexican border, 9,435 of 
whom entered at points in the San Antonio district, 6,397 in the El 
Paso district, and 2,141 in the Los Angeles district. The immigrants 
numbered 12,122, nonimmigrants 5,851. Of the total, 11,846 were 
admitted under the immigration act of 1924 as natives of nonquota 
countries, practically all being natives of Mexico; while 2,085 came as 
returning residents, 3,336 as visitors and transits who had resided less 
than a year in Mexico, or having resided for a je&T or more in that 
country came to remain more than six months; 364 as Government 
ofncials, their families, attendants, servants, or employees; 217 as 
quota immigrants; and 125 of the miscellaneous classes, embracing 97 
husbands, wives, and unmarried children under 21 years of age of 
American citizens; 9 ministers and professors and their wives and 
unmarried children; 7 wives and unmarried children (born in quota 
countries) of natives of nonquota countries; 8 students; 3 women 
who had been United States citizens; and 1 alien to carry on trade 
under existing treaty. 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GE^^EEAL OF IMMIGEATION 



15 



The number of Mexican aliens admitted to the United States durmg 
he year was 16,886—11,915 immigrant and 4,971 nommmigrant— 

1 decline in the total of Mexicans of 25,499 from the previous year 
^•hen 42,385 aliens of this race entered the country. The number ot 
Vlexican immigrants dropped from 38,980 m the fiscal year 1929 to 
LI 915 in 1930, a decrease of 69.4 per cent. The single Mexican immi- 
grants last vear numbered 7,213; married, 4,184; had lost wife or 
ausband bv'death, 496, and by divorce, 22; 2,752 of the total wwe 
ander 16 years of aiie, 2,552 ranged m age from 16 to 22 years, 6,o6l 
from 22 i6 29 years,! ,490 from 30 to 37 years, 870 from 38 to 44 years, 
^nd 920 from'45 upward. A year ago 36.4 per cent of the Vlexican 
Immi-rants were females, while in the year just ended 46.9 per cent 
wei-e of this sex. Of the Mexican immigrants of the past year 6,322 
were males, 4,327 of whom were single, 1,891 married and 104 were 
mdowers or divorced; 5,593 were females, of whom 2 886 were smgle, 

2 ^^93 married, and 414 widowed or divorced. Of these newcomers, 
2''>39 were laborers, 1,527 were skilled workers, 394 were ol the pro- 
fessional classes, 363 were servants, and 517 gave miscellaneous 
occupations. The no-occupation group numbered 6,875. 

Women and children now comprise a larger proportion ot the imnii- 
erants of the Mexican race than was the case a year ago. in the 
preceding fiscal year, 23,842, or 61 per cent of the total were women 
and children under 21 years of age, as compared with 8,41o, or / 1 per 
cent for the year 1930, strongly indicative that the wage earners 
constitute a smaller proportion of present-day Mexican immigrants 
than formerly. In the preceding year, 16,687, or 43 per cent of the 
Mevican immigrants, declared themselves 'as possessed ol no gamlul 
occupation, as^compared with 6,875, or 58 per cent, of this class m the 

^^Tli^sui3ioined tables, ''Miscellaneous transactions at land border 
stations" and ''Persons in possession of immigrant-identification c.ards 
or border-crossing cards, habitually crossing the Canadian and Mexi- 
can land borders," furnish details of administration m connection witn 
the handling of the inward and outward movements across the 

borders. 

Miscellaneous transactions at land border stations 

Numl^er of aliens handled coming temporarily: i ^ 

Cases pending at beginning of fiscal year 1930 ^ -^^ 

Admitted on primary inspection o' 1 4 V 

Admitted bv board of special inquiry. t----,- ^' t%~ 

Reiected bv board of special inquiry without appeal to department. i), /o/ 
Rejected bV board of special inquiry but appealed to department— 

Appeals sustained (aliens admitted) ^^ 

Appeals denied (aliens debarred) oD» 

Cases pending close of year — . 

Before board of special inciuiry ^* 

On appeal to department -.- - 7 :,-•! "iv" ' " 

Applicants refused examination on account of inability or unwilling- 

ness to meet head-tax requirements ------------ lo, '^^^ 

Applicants referred to board of special inquiry from border stations 

and who failed to proceed with their apphcations --_- .--- % u-^o 

Applicants inspected at railway stations and wharves at interior points 
in foreign contiguous territory who failed to appear before boards 
of special inquiry for further examination as directed *<^J 

1 Including nonstatistical aliens arriving at the seaports from Canada. 
» Estimated. 



16 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIOISrEK GEN"EEAL OF IMMIGEATIGl!? 

Aliens debarred or deported who reapplied for admission within 1 year 
without first securing permission so to do and were refused exami- 
nation 1, 385 

Aliens referred to United States consul for visa 36, 292 

Aliens to whom visitors' head-tax certificates were issued: 

Cases pending beginning of fiscal year 1930 11, 250 

New cases during the year 31, 261 

Failed to depart within time limit, head tax retained 5, 464 

Returned to foreign contiguous territory, head tax refunded 30, 850 

Cases pending at end of fiscal year 1930 6, 197 

Transits admitted, payment of head tax not required 764, 159 

United States citizens returning to the United States to resume resi- 
dence therein: 

Former residents of Canada 9, 134 

Former residents of Mexico 828 

Number of persons entering the United States (each entry of the same person 
considered a separate transaction) : 



Inward movement 


Aliens 


United 
States 
citizens 


Total 


Via the Canadian border 


14,498,083 
15, 536, 218 


17,753,465 
11, 488, 873 


32, 251, 548 


Via tlie Mexican border -. 


27,025,091 






Total - - 


30, 034, 301 


29, 242, 338 


> 59, 276. 639 







• Estimated. 



Persons, in possession of immigrant-identification cards or border-crossing cards, 
habitually crossing the Canadian and Mexican land borders 



Country of residence 



Residents of the United States: 
Crossing Canadian border.. 
Crossing Mexican border.. 

Total 

Residents of Canada ^ 

Residents of Mexico... 

Grand total 



Aliens 



Inter- 
mit- 
tent 



19, 005 
30, 821 



49, 826 
14, 999 
51, 289 



116, 114 



Ac- 
tive 



629 
16, 960 



17, 589 
10, 385 
51, 049 



79, 023 



Total 



19, 634 

47, 781 



United States 
citizens 



All crossers 



Inter- 
mit- 
tent 



Ac- 
tive 



2, 902| 

28,7111 



1,429 
7,037 



67,415 
25, 384 
102, 338 



195, 137, 



Inter- 
Total : mit- 
tent 



4,331 21,907 
35,748 59,532 



31, 613 
953 
615 



33, 181 



,466 
631 
843 



9,940 



40,079 81,439 
1,584 15,952 
1,458 51,904 



43,121149,295 



Ac- 
tive 



2,058 
23, 997 



Total 



23, 965 
83, 529 



26, 055 107, 494 
11,016 26,968 
51,892,103,796 



88, 963 238, 258 



Note. — Intermittent crossers are those who cross the border not more than 3 times a week on an aver- 
age; the active crossers are those who cross the border daily, or at least 4 times a week on an average. 



FACILITATING BUSINESS AND SOCIAL INTERCOURSE WITH 
FOREIGN CONTIGUOUS COUNTRIES 

Each year witnesses a large increase in the volume of humanity 
ebbing and flowing across our northern and southern boundaries. 
The automobile, more than any one other single factor, is responsible 
for this. The impassable trails and sloughs of ^^esterday are the 
paved highways of to-day. Millions of dollars are being expended 
by our neighbors, to say nothing of even greater outlays by the border 
communities in this country, to make travel safe, comfortable, and 
enjoyable. In the year just closed, over 59,276,639 entries of aliens 
and citizens occurred at ports of entry along our borders. Many 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 17 

of the persons were, of course, "repeaters." All of them had to be 
inspected or identified. To facihtate the movement of this trathc, 
every effort is exerted to persuade the regular "crossers" at least, 
who constitute a very large proportion of this stream of humamty, 
to avail themselves of identification cards supphed gratis by the 
Immigration Service upon request. . . ■■ • 

Additional land border ports of entry have been created during 
the past year to the number of four. . n i i j 

Effective during the year, 25 places, chiefly along our borders, 
have been designated, either permanently or temporarily, as ports of 
entry for aUens arriving by civil aircraft. Comprehensive regula- 
tions deaUng with this traffic were, after numerous conferences with 
; other departments interested, promulgated effective August 1, 1929. 

TECHNICAL ADVISERS 

The examination abroad of intending immigrants has been ex- 
tended until now the svstem covers all the principal sources of immi- 
gration from Europe.^ Immigrant inspectors possessing a compre- 
hensive knowledge of the immigration laws, expert in the art of de- 
veloping essential facts upon examination, and withal, endowed with 
sound judgment, carefullv inquire into the antecedents and qualihca- 
tions of intending immigrants and thereafter give to the consuls the 
benefit of their findings and conclusions. By means of this pro- 
cedure the number of ahens granted immigration visas by consuls 
found inadmissible upon arrival at our ports, constitutes but a small 
fraction of the number who previously were excluded. Untold 
misery and hardships resulting from fruitless voyages to this country 
are thus very largely ob^^ated. 

ADMINISTRATIVE FINES 

Administrative fines imposed upon steamship companies for \dola- 
tions of the immigration laws, as shown in detail in the table here- 
under, aggregated 1257,500, compared with $186,100 m the year pre- 
ceding The difference was due chieflv to an increase of sixty-three 
$1,000 fines, under section 20 of the act of 1924, for failure upon the 
part of masters to detain seamen on board until inspected or to detain 
them on board following inspection when ordered so to do. 

Summary of fines imposed, act of 1924: 

$250 fines (phvsicallv and mentally defective cases) ^« nnn 

$1,000 fines (sec. 16 cases) ^^' ^^]i 

$1,000 fines (sec. 20 cases) ^-^' ^^" 

$1,000 fines (sec. 26 cases, illiterates) aq nnn 

$1,000 fines (sec. 26 cases, diseased, msane, etc.) _ 4y, uui» 

Passage monev ordered refunded to aliens m above cases, $8,969. 
Passage monev ordered refunded to steamship companies in above 
cases, $37,561.96. 

Summarv of fines imposed, act of 1917: 

$10'fines (improper manifesting, etc.) m 

$25 fines ^^^l 

$200 fines (sec. 9 cases, diseased) 9 7nn 

$300 fines (sec. 18 cases) "> '^^ 

$50 fines (sec. 35, diseased-seamen cases) '»" 

Passage monev ordered refunded to aliens in above cases, none. 
Passage money ordered refunded to steamship companies in above 
cases, none. 



18 EEPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENEEAL OF IMMIGEATIO IST 

Criminal prosecutions and libel actions aggre2:ating 30 suits and a 
total of $22,300 were brought under section 10 of the immio-ratioD 
act of 1924. * 

SEAMEN 

For many years the problem of preventing alien seamen from de- 
serting their vessels and remaining here without compliance with the 
provisions of the immigration laws relating to applicants for admis- 
sion has sorely perplexed the bureau and its field officers. Shore 
leave and the right to search for another berth outward after being 
paid off or even following desertion can not be questioned if the 
arriving seamen is a bona fide one in fact and phvsicallv fit. Sixty 
days are allowed for this purpose. All would be well if alien seamen 
would always go out after landing allegedly in pursuit of their calling, 
but we can not keep such seamen under surveillance and we do not 
know, as a matter of fact, how many leave and how many remain. 
The situation has been rendered more acute in recent years by immi- 
grants, barred from admission by the quota law, eftecting entry as 
alleged seamen in pursuit of their calHng. Some improvement in 
the situation, however, has been noted, particularly in the past year, 
brought about in part perhaps by the act of March 4, 1929, making it a 
misdemeanor for any aHen to enter irregularly and a felony to enter 
or attempt to enter after arrest and deportation. In the'^case of a 
seaman, arrest and deportation now spell forfeiture of all future 
seaman landing privileges. 

During the past year there were 9,117 recorded desertions of aHen 
seamen as compared with 11,314 in the fiscal vear 1929, and 12 357 
in the fiscal year 1928. ' ' 

The three subjoined tables are of interest in the foregoing con- 
nection. 

Alien seamen applying for admission 

Admitted: 

On primary inspection _ 353 

By board of special inquiry _'.'_' I 57 

On appeal to department-1 -II_III" _ 3 

Debarred : ~~ 

By board of special inquiry without appeal 25 

On appeal to department ~I~~I ' 5 

Cases pending at close of fiscal year 1930: On appeal to deiDartmentl.II.III 2 

Total applicants 95O 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GEXEEAL OF IMMIGRATION 19 

17- « .^nryiPTi deserted ordered held on board vessel, escaped, removed from vessel, 

^^Zifiedfo^^^^^^^^ and removed to hospM for treatment, as 

specified ^___^_ 



District 



Alien seamen 



Deserted 



Chi- 
nese 



■^apa- others 
nese ' 



All districts 387 



I New York, N. Y 

! Boston, Mass 

' Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Portland, Me 

Norfolk, Va 

Jacksonville, Fla 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

San Francisco, Cahf. 

Portland, Oreg 

Seattle, Wash 

Los Angeles, CaliL.. 

I Honolulu, T. H 

I San Juan, P. R 

I Great Lakes 



245 

36 

27 

4 



8,694 



Total 



Ordered held 
on board vessel 



Under 

see. 20 Not on 
immi- visaed 
gration crew- 
act of lis" 
1924 



9,117 4,442 



5,746 

227 

654 

502 

100 

455 

139 

207 

302 

119 

38 

60 

64 

1 

44 

36 



5,999 

263 

685 

506 

100 

455 

141 

210 

308 

174 

44 

78 

71 

3 

44 
36 



521 
74 
71 



Es- 
caped 

after 
being 
ordered 

de- 
tained 

on 
vessel 



Re- 
moved 
for 

safe- 
keeping 
pend- 
ing de- 
parture 
of vessel 



Certi- 
fied for 
loath- 
some or 
danger- 
ous con- 
tagious 
disease 



3,053 



138 

291 

294 

352 

260 

26 

151 

957 

84 

60 

383 



383 

155 
31 
33 
54 

340 
76 
35 

177 

270 
72 

227 
1,021 

157 
22 



109 



315 



Dis- 
eased 
and 
other 
seamen 

re- 
moved 

to 
hospital 
for 
treat- 
ment 



1,282 



104 



105 

7 



27 



501 

107 

116 

111 

4 

68 

63 

121 

61 

14 

23 

2 

50 

8 

21 

12 



1,854 



646 

331 

116 

185 

5 

40 

36 

192 

95 

24 

61 

21 

65 

U 

18 



Vessels boarded and alien seamen examined, including United States citizens serving 

as seamen 



District 



All districts. 



New York, N. Y 

Boston, Mass , 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Portland, Me 

Norfolk, Va 

Jacksonville. Fla 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

San Francisco, Calif. 

Portland, Oreg 

Seattle, Wash 

Los Angeles, Calif.. . 

Alaska 

Honolulu, T. H 

San Juan, P. R 

Great Lakes 



Vessels boarded 



From 
foreign 
ports 



30, 698 
5.452 



Coast- 
wise 



4,734 



449 
17 
336 
2 
255 
616 
153 
768 
667 



Total 



35, 432 



202 

372 

51 



5,452 
2,236 
1,220 
1,230 

426 

876 
4,991 
2,233 
1,910 
1,195 

226 
3,440 
4,069 
1,113 

443 
1,890 
2.482 



Alien 

seamen 

examined 



1,195,596 



508, 359 
79, 385 
29,791 
22,316 

7,096 
18, 722 
66,328 
50,032 
52, 078 
16, 707 

8,436 

120,658 

57,811 

7,509 
43, 589 
28, 266 
18,513 



United 
States 
citizens 
serving as 
seamen on 
vessels 
boarded 



364,905 



96, 609 

26,972 

10, 995 

8,252 

1,099 

1,444 

56, 740 

31,8.36 

17,842 

5.611 

733 

21,438 

35,000 

8,116 

7,021 

21,621 

13, 576 



20 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Bo7ids exacted and bonds forfeited 



Admissions and bail bonds 



Num- 
ber of 
aliens 
bonded 



Bonds forfeited; 
payment of bond ' 



Volun- 
tary 



Enforced 



Involving aliens admitted, total- 



is, 821 



50 



Against becoming a public charge 168 

Temporary visitors for business or pleasure under section 3 (2) of the Immi- 
gration Act of 1924, in whose cases as a precedent to admission bonds were 

exacted guaranteeing departure from the United States i 3,682 

Bonded as a precedent to the granting of an extension of temporary visit, the 
aliens having previously been admitted temporarily — under section 3 (2) — 

without bond .._ _ _ 869 

In continuous transit-guaranteeing departure from the country 2 4,976 

Maintenance of status 17 

School attendance 13 

Payment of hospital expenses or medical treatment 53 

Woodsmen for temporary stay, including treatment bonds 6,025 

Permitted to visit continental United States from Hawaii and Porto Rico 14 

Enlargement of detention bounds 4 



Involving bail bonds, total. 



Under warrant of arrest 

Under warrant of deportation. 



130 
2 



2,032 



144 



19 



1,923 
109 



36 
108 



' Forfeitures during the fiscal year 1930 relate to some arrivals of previous years; all forfeitures do not 
occur within the fiscal year of aliens' arrival. 
' Includes 4,839 Chinese granted the privilege of transit in bond across land territory of the United States. 



Failure to appear and escapes 



While under war- 
rant of— 



At Deporta- 
^"®^^ tion 




Failure to appear when wanted, after release on own recognizance 

Escapes from— 

Immigration officers 

Others _ 



Writs of habeas corpus 



Cases 


Involving exclusion 


Involving deportation 


Cases pending beginning of year 

New cases daring the vear-_ 


181 
174 

42 

28 

1 


199 
302 


Pending close of year, before— 

District courts . . 


95 


Circuit courts 




Supreme Court 


2 






• 


Sus- 
tained 


Dis- 
missed 


With- 
drawn 


Sus- 
tained 


Dis- 
missed 


With- 
drawn 


Cases disposed of during the year on immigration 
charges: 
Criminal ... 








11 
7 
30 

' 8' 


23 
12 
171 
9 
12 
11 


12 


Immoral 








3 


.\ctof 1924 


17 
2 

29 
2 


20 
9 

84 
4 


14 
6 

4 


24 


Mental or physical defect and public charge.. 

Chinese exclusion law 


6 
1 


Citizenship, excess quota, anarchist, and others... 


7 



1 128 previously reported pending cases were discontinued. 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENEEAL OF IMMIGRATION 21 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS AND CIVIL SUITS 

The character and scope of the activities of the Immigration Service 
diirino- the past year in the prosecution of violators of the immigra- 
tion llws are indicated by the subjoined tabulations On March 4, 
1929 an act was approved providing for the punishment ol ahens 
entering unlawfully. Section 1 made it a felony for an alien to enter 
or to attempt to enter 60 days after the enactment of the act if he 
had been previously arrested and deported m pursuance of law, and 
provided as a penalty imprisonment for not more than two years or 
a fine of not more than $1 ,000, or both. Section 2 of the act made 
it a misdemeanor for an alien after the passage of the act to enter at 
any time or place other than as designated by immigration officials 
or to elude examination or inspection, or obtain entry by wilfully 
false or misleading representations or by the wilful concealment of 
fl material fact A penalty of imprisonment for not more than one 
yeTr or by a fine of not more than $1,000, or both such fine and im- 
prisonment, was provided. The act was subsequently amended to 
provide that it should not apply to an alien arrested and deported 
before March 4, 1929, in pursuance of law, m whose case prior to His 
reembaTation at a pl'ace outside the United Stfes or his application 
in foreign contiguous territory for admission to the United States, 
and prioi to fcch 4, 1929, the Secretary of Labor had granted such 
alien permission to reapply for admission. . „ . ^ . n,^. 

In view of the fact that the felony provision of the act was m eftect 
less than two months in the fiscal year 1929 and the misdenieanor 
provision less than four months, satisfactory opportumty to observe 
fts Iffe?ts before the close of the fiscal year 1929 was not afforded. 
Nevertheless 113 felony and 1,286 misdemeanor prosecutions were 
SXtS Tie outstanding fe'ature of the activities of the service 
along such lines during the year covered by this report was the insti- 
tution of 679 felony prosecutions and 6,078 misdemeanor prosecutions 
under sections 1 and 2, respectively, of the act referred to. While 
t£s act has not been in effect long enough to permit definite conclusions 
to be drawn as to its efficacy, it is believed that it will prove an effec- 
tive deterrent and that, as knowledge of its existence becomes more 
widespread, violations will diminish. 

Criminal and civil actions 



Violation of— 



Cases 

pending 

July 1, 

1929 



Total. 



Act of Feb. 5, 1917: 

Sec. 4.-- ---- 

Sec. 5 

Sec. 8 

Sec. 10.— 

Sec. 16 - 

Sec. 31 - 

Sec. 32 - 

Act of Oct. 16, 1918 

Act of May 26, 1924: 

Sec. 22 

Sec. 27 

Act of June 15, 1927: Sec. 3... . 

Act of Mar. 4, 1929: 

Sec. 1 -• 

Sec. 2 • 

Actof May 6, 1882 

18 U. S. code: 88, 91, 99, 121, 
141, and 231 



706 



26 

3 

109 

13 



18 

40 

2 

65 
356 



37 



Cases 
insti- 
tuted 



7,522 



Con- Ac- 
victions quittals 



94 



364 
16 

18 



1 
1 

128 
26 
17 

679 

6, 078 

1 



6,962 



271 
15 
10 



114 
28 
13 

614 

5,759 

1 



Dis- 
missals 



28 
181 



CflSGS 

A|?i?!^*a/r"?^ "if pending 



fines and length of 
imprisonment 



June 30, 
1930 



$50,498; 1.555?6years.. 



$702; 55J4 years. 



857 



$10,743; 179^ years... 

1 month .-- 

$100; 13% years 



$3, 350. 



.$1,715; 28M years. 
$9,500; IH years... 
3 years --. 



$2,800; 3581^ years. 
$19,612; 890 years.. 
3 months .- 



$1,976; 25 years. 



24 

34 

3 

95 
483 



22 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONEE GE^s^ERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Criminal and ciiril actions — Continued 





Number of persons assisting aliens to enter the United States illegally i 




Cases 

pending 

July 1, 

1929 


Ar- 
rested 


Con- 
victed 


Ac- 
quitted 


Dis- 
missed 


Aggregate amount of '^^j?^ 
fines and length of iPending 
imprisonment mn 


Total 


155 


467 


329 


54 


85 






$13,887; 21956 years..,. 


154 


Act of Feb. 5, 1917: 
Sec. 4 


9 
100 


35 

295 

16 

'I 
33 

1 


20 
219 

15 

8 

3 

34 

1 


3 

46 


11 
46 


$501; 14}-i years 

$7,794; IbWi years 




Sec. 8_... 


10 


Sec. 10 


84 


Act of May 26, 1924: 
Sec. 22 


5 


1 


7 $3,200; ZH years 


1 


Sec. 27. 


4 


Act of Mar. 4, 1929 


5 


4 


»i; iVi years 


1 


Act of May 6, 1882 "..' 


$450; 21 years 




18 U. S. C, 88, 91, 99 


36 


67 


29 


4 


16 " $l',94iri8}i' years". ^ ^ ^\" 


54 


1 Number of aliens involved, 


731. 















DEPORTATIONS (EXPULSIONS) 

During the year 16 631 aliens found unlawfully in the United States 
^^/i? ^n^^ni^^^ ?! ''''^^'' ^""^'^^ warrants of deportation, as compared 
with 12 908 in the year preceding. Of the 16,631 aliens, 13,842 were 
deported at Government expense, 1,476 at the expense of the steam- 
ship lines which brought them to the United States, 555 were per- 
mitted to ship foreign as members of crews of departing vessels, and 
758 were permitted to depart at their own expense as a compliance 
with the terms of the warrants of deportation. In the preceding fiscal 
year 9,536 aliens were deported at Government expense, 1,458 at the 
^^^,^^^?.^^ *^^ steamship lines, 802 were permitted to ship foreign 
^^r^f u ^^^^ permitted to depart at their own expense ' 

o ino . n'^^ ^^'af.^'^^''^f^ 9^' ^'^02 were returned to Europe; 
2,609 to Canada; 8,518 to Mexico; 458 to other countries in the 
Western Hemisphere; 461 to Asia; and 83 to Africa, Australia, and 
the racific islands. - ' 

Deportations, by months, were as follows: 



Total. 



July. 



Govern- Steam- 
ment ex- ship ex- 
pense pense 



Shipped 
as sea- 
men 



13, 842 



1,476 



August "/'_ 

September ll[l[]ll[l 

October ...'""" '" I i 

November '_["_ I ,' 

December "'I""" I i' 

January [ ' 

February """ 

March I 1 



April. 
May.. 
June.. 



036 
159 
991 
386 
087 
236 
974 
924 
253 
604 
303 



59 
145 
108 



192 
179 

73 
145 
131 
174 

78 



555 



Departed 
volunta- 
rily 



758 



Total 



101 
60 
76 
59 
49 
69 
61 
52 
72 
77 
56 
26 



16, 631 



1,261 
1,411 
1,205 
1,600 
1,286 
1,546 
1,275 
1,089 
1,511 
1,850 
1,574 
1, 023 



One hundred and seventy-four deportation parties were moved 
(luring the year. These group movements effected substantial 
economies. Ihe savings made in permitting aliens to ship out as 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 23 

nembers of crews of foreign-bound vessels were approximately 
155,500, in addition to which other savings were effected as set forth 
n the tabulation next below. •, , . i . f 

While the number of aUens removed under formal warrants ot 
deportation in the year just closed exceeded that of the previous year 
w 3 723 the number of ahens disposed of, mcludmg those m respect 
)f whom' either warrants of arrest or of deportation were not resorted 

■o, was 10,778 less. , ^ .1 ^ 

\ comparison in detail may be readily made of the figures covering 
removal in 1930, of aliens unlawfully in the Umted States with those 
I for the 'preceding year by means of the summary of the activities 
' of each year given below. 

Sumynary (1930) 



Action taken 



■Warrant of deportation issued: 

Deported at expense of immigation appro- 
priation— 

From seaports 

Across land boundary 

Deported (ocean voyage at expense of steam- 
ship companies) -.-- 

Permitted to ship foreign 1 way, as a compli- 
ance with warrant of deportation --. 

Departed, paying own passage, as a compli- 
ance with warrant of deportation 

Departed voluntarily across land border as a 
compliance with warrant of deportation... 



Number of 
aliens 



Total ----- 

Subject to deportation; voluntarily departed; 
warrant of deportation not issued: 

Shipped foreign 1 way ' 

Paid own passage 2 

Departed across land border ' 



Total - 



Grand total. 



3,256 
10, 586 

1,476 

555 

368 

390 



Savings to appropriation 



16, 631 



156 

370 

10, 861 



11, 387 



28,018 



At $100 per capita $55, 500 

At $100 per capita 36, 800 

A t $20 per capita 7, 800 



$100, 100 



At $100 per capita 15,600 

At $100 per capita 37,000 

At $20 per capita 217,220 



269, 820 
369, 920 



1 Warrant of arrest issued in respect of 104 a lens-not n respect of 52 aliens 

2 Warrant of arrest issued in respect of 189 aliens-not in respe^ct of 181 aliens^ 

3 Warrant of arrest issued in respect of 698 aliens-not m respect of 10,163 aliens. 

Summary {1929) 



Action taken 



Warrant of deportation issued: 

Deported at expense of immigration appro- 
priation — 

From seaports 

Across land boundary 

Deported (ocean voyage at expense of steam- 
ship companies) -.- - 

Permitted to ship foreign 1 way, as a compli- 
ance with warrant of deportation --- 

Departed, paying own passage, as a compli- 
ance with warrant of deportation 

Departed voluntarily across land border as a 
compliance with warrant of deportation — 

Total -- 

Subject to deportation; voluntarily departed; 
warrant of deportation not issued: 

Shipped foreign 1 way '... 

Paid own passage 2.. 

Departed across land border 3 

Total 



Grand total. 




Savings to appropriation 



At $100 per capita-.- $80, 200 

At $100 per capita 59,400 

At $20 per capita 10, 360 



$149, 960 



At $100 per capita 30, 600 

At $100 per capita 50, 300 

At $20 per capita 501, 580 



582, 480 
732, 440 



1 Warrant of arrest issued in respect of 170 a lens-not m respect of 136 aliens 

2 Warrant of arrest issued in respect of 174 a hens— not in rei,pect of 329 aliens^ 

3 Warrant of arrest issued in respect of 346 aliens— not in respect of 24,733 aliens. 



24 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 
ALIENS OF THE CRIMINAL AND IMMORAL CLASSES DEPORTED 
During the year 763 aliens, convicted of crimes involving moral 
turpitude and sentenced to imprisonment of a year or more after 
entermg the Umted States, were deported following release from 
prison. The largest number of deportees of this class (253, or 33 2 
per cent) were Mexicans. The others included 94 Itahans, 70 
Enghsh, 45 French, 41 German, 39 Irish, 30 Spanish, and 191 of 

In addition to the above, the deportees last year included 949 
aliens who were criminals at the time of their entry. Here also 
• f 5^J?'-ir'''T ?^ ^^''^^^^ -^^^P (488, or 51.4 per cent). The others 
included English, 130; French, 86; Irish, 64; Scotch, 48; and 133 of 
other races. A number of these ahens had been previously deported 
and a 1 were subject to exclusion when they last entered the countrv' 

In the same period 44 aliens were deported because of conviction 
under the act approved May 26, 1922, commonly known as the 
narcotic act, embracing 22 Chinese, 5 Mexican, 4 Italian, and 13 of 
10 other races. , ^u yji. 

Aliens of the immoral classes, including prostitutes after entrv 
procurers persons coming for an immoral purpose, and the hke 
numbered 700 of whom 491, or 70.1 per cent, we?e Mexicans ' 

I he total deportees of the criminal and immoral classes for the 
past year was 2,456, the Mexicans alone numbering 1 232 or 50 2 
per cent. ^ j^^^-^j '-'^ ou.^ 

Warrant cases 

[Items indicate number of aliens involved] 

Warrant cases investigated in connection with warrant proceedings- 

In penal institutions _ _ __ _ i^ "^^cumgb. 

In hospitals and almshouses.. ~_"~ o oTo 

At large "" ^i'°^^ 

s 98,536 

Total ~^77TZ: 

115, 396 

Warrants of arrest: == 

On hand by field officers beginning of year unserved 784 

Received by field officers during the year """1111"" 20 064 

Total warrants of arrest 20~84S 

Served in penal institutions. _ ^^^Tno 

Served in hospitals and almshouses I ' s r o 

Served at large ...... ' ,e SSf 

On hand by field officers, unserved","cl"ose"oT vear ' qor 

Returned to department, canceled 1 I""IIII I" 1 227 

Total warrants of arrest '_ _ _ 20~848 

Warrants of deportation: ■ 

On hand by field officers beginning of year n qo^ 

Received by field officers during the year.... I "I"::::::::::::" 18 161 

Total warrants of deportation 24 487 

Executed, aliens removed — ^''''^^^'^^ 

Shipped foreign 1 way _ . .. _ _ ccc 

Paid own passage ; departed "from seaports" ?«« 

JJeparted voluntarily across land border qoo 

Tif>noT+ori o«,.«^« 1. — ] 1 ]-_ /-I ~. oyu 



Departed across land border. Government expense 10 -^Rfi 

Deported via seaports at Government expense s 2^fi 

Deported via seaports at steamship expense 1*476 



KEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 25 

Warrants of deportation — Continued. 

On hand by field officers at close of year, unexecuted 7, 017 

Returned to department, canceled 839 



Total warrants of deportation 24, 487 

REENTRY PERMITS 

[Including those issued to Chinese] 

Every alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent 
residence who goes temporarily to other than foreign contiguous 
territory, Cuba, Bermuda, or other islands included in the Bahama 
and Greater Antilles group, is required by law, upon return to the 
United States, to present an immigration visa issued by an American 
consul; such visas, of course, may be nonquota. As an alternative, 
however, the law permits aliens lawfully and permanently domiciled 
in the United States, who wish to go to a foreign country, to obtain 
reentry permits before leaving, the fee for which is $3. This is a 
popular provision of law saving such travelers abroad, as it does, 
loss of time and inconvenience otherwise often caused by the necessity 
of a personal appearance before an American consul to be documented 
home, to say nothing of S7 in fees. 

The reentrj^ permit is not, any more than is an immigration visa, 
conclusive of the holder's right to reenter the United States, since 
any ground of exclusion discovered upon an alien's arrival may bar 
him from admission; it does, however, serve to identify the alien as a 
returning resident entitled to enter without an immigration visa if 
he is otherwise admissible. 

Reentry permits are good for oiie year from date of issuance, but 
their validity may be extended, upon a satisfactory showing to the 
Secretary of Labor, for periods not exceeding six months each. 
Applications for such extensions are filed abroad with American 
consuls, a fee of $3 being charged for each extension. 

Fees in the amount of $383,355 were covered into the Treasury. 

The subjoined table furnishes a comprehensive statement of the 
reentry permit activities of the bureau. 

Permit applications received during fiscal year 117, 950 

Cases pending from previous fiscal year 7, 863 



125, 813 



Permits issued b}^ permit division 114, 173 

Permits issued by Chinese division 429 



114, 602 



Permit cases in process 3, 927 

Refunds on applications for permits: 

Unable to verify entries 3, 063 

Entrie sverified Jaut not for permanent residence. 468 

Two applications filed, applications filed from 

abroad, abandoned applications. United 

States citizens, etc., 

Refund requested 

Sailed without awaiting issuance ofpermit. 

Denied by Chinese division 

7,284 



1 


882 




717 


1, 


110 




44 



Total number of cases handled bj' permit and Chinese divisions 125, 813 

15597—30 8 



26 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

EXTENSIONS 

Extensions requested 13, 472 

Extensions pending from previous fiscal year 1, OS'^ 



14, 52e 



Extensions granted by permit division 12, 967 

Extensions granted by Chinese division 216 

13, 183 

Extension cases in process 1, 107 

Refunds on extension requests: 

Extensions denied 107 

Refund requested, reapplication abandoned, 

two fees submittd 129 

236 



Total number of extension cases handled by permit and Chinese divisions. 14, 526 

CORRESPONDENCE 

Incoming pieces of mail, exclusive of applications 250, 628 

Outgoing pieces of mail: 

Corrections on applications, 7,739; too late letters, 1,107; telegrams, 
1,669; dictated letters, 729; letters without dictation, 6,187; 
general form letters, 43,571; total, 61,002. 

CBses 

Information furnished Naturalization Bureau 6, 935 

Sent to board of review 15, 254 

Subsequent applications (cases combined) 26, 407 

Sent to port for investigation 200 



Increase in applications received compared with last year 4, 575 

Increase in permits issued compared with last year 7, 132 

Decrease in extensions granted compared with last year 564 

VISAS (NONQUOTA AND PREFERENCE) 

Under certain provisions of law the wife, unmarried child undar 
21, husband, or parent of a United States citizen is entitled to receive 
from an American consul a nonquota visa or to be regarded as having 
right of priority in the issuance of a quota visa, as the case may be. 
Petitions in such cases are addressed to the Commissioner General 
of Immigration by the citizens. The claims of citizenship and rela- 
tionship are investigated and the petition approved or denied, as 
circumstances warrant. The fact that a petition has been approved 
is communicated to the State Department, which, in turn, communi- 
cates the information to the consul concerned. 

In the year just closed, 36,703 petitions were filed, 31,259 granted, 
and 3,630 denied (balance remaining pending), as compared with 
40,774 filed, 36,032 granted, and 3,063 denied, respectively, in the 
previous year. 

The following tabulation shows by fiscal years the number of 
petitions filed since July 1, 1924: 

1925 29,000 

1926 23,856 

1927 34,169 

1928 38,460 

1929 40, 774 

1930 36,703 

Preference in the issuance of quota visas, where preference is 
allowed by law, is accorded within the discretion of American consuls 
without reference of the matter to the Secretary of Labor in cases 
where the petitioner is other than an American citizen. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 27 

NONQUOTA STUDENTS 

During the year 1,902 aliens were admitted to the United States as 
onqiiota immigrant students, as compared with 1,898 in the year 
receding. A total of 10,831 such aliens have been admitted since 
he immigration act of 1924 went into effect. Of this total, 4,825 
.ive to date completed their studies and left the country. 

VVarrants of arrest looking to deportation have been issued in the 
ijist six years in respect of 335 students who have failed to comply 
,i,h requirements, and in the same period 116 schools have received 
(ill approval as institutions of learning for immigrant students, 
Kiking a total of 1,507 so accredited to date. 

REGISTRY OF ALIENS 

C*n March 2, 1929, an act was approved authorizing the creation 

n certain specified circumstances of records of registrj^ in the cases of 

ilicns resident of the United States. Manj^ aliens who had made 

heir homes in the United States for years were theretofore unable 

(> take out .citizenship papers or to enjoy certain rights ordinarily 

iccorded under the immigration laws to aliens lawfully domiciled 

n the United States, because no record of their legal admission could 

)c found. The act referred to has made it possible to grant relief 

I luring the past year in deserving cases of this kind to 8,098 aliens. 

' The act provides in effect, subject to a satisfactory showing of good 

«oral character, continuous residence and nondeportability, that any 

ilien, not ineligible to citizenship, who entered this country prior 

to June 3, 1921, in respect of whom there is no record af admission for 

permanent residence, may be registered and recorded as admitted as 

of the date of his entry with the same force and eft'ect as though such 

record of admission had been mad^ at the time and place of said entry. 

This opens the way for deserving aliens to become citizens; it likewise 

permits them to leave the United States temporarily and return 

without being subject to the quota law; in short, it meets a long felt 

want and is in line with justice and good administration. 

During the year 18,800 applications for registry were filed. Of this 
number, 6,330, or 34 per cent, were received through the office of the 
commissioner of immigration, Ellis Island, New York Harbor; 
1,885, or 10 per cent, through the office of the district director of 
immigration, Detroit, Mich.; 1,455, or 8 per cent, through the office 
of the commissioner of immigration, Boston, Mass.; 1,381, or 7 per 
cent, through the office of the district director of immigration, 
Chicago, 111.; 948, or 5 per cent, through the office of the district 
director of immigration, San Antonio, Tex.; and 6,801, or 36 per cent, 
through officials in 21 other immigration districts. One application 
was filed with the Governor of the Virgin Islands of the United States. 
Out of the total number of applications received, 114 were with- 
drawn. Certificates of registry were issued in 8,098 cases, 1,125 
denied; and at the close of the year 9,463 cases were pending. 

There has been transferred to the Treasury the sum of $161,960, 
representing fees paid at $20 each for registry. 



28 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 

^The following tables are of interest in the foregoing connection: 

Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended June 30, 1930, 
"-.'^showing principal races by sex and period of entry into the United States, and 
■J principal countries of birth by sex and ports of entry, as specified i 



Race 



All races. 



English. 
French.. 
German. 
Greek... 
Hebrew. 
Irish. 



Italian --- 

Mexican - --- --- 

Polish -rs—y-r 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, and Swedes) . 

Scotch 

Spanish 

All other --- - 



Total 



735 
342 
614 
579 
705 
406 
487 

1,131 
325 
564 
317 
274 

1,619 



Male 



6,794 



500 
238 
564 
577 
645 
257 
478 
741 
294 
519 
188 
270 
1,523 



Female 



1,304 



235 

104 

50 

2 

60 

149 

9 

390 

31 

45 

129 

4 

96 



Period of entry 



Prior 
to 
1901 



694 



100 
45 
86 
3 
58 

105 
40 
34 
18 
70 
62 
1 



During 
10 years, 
1901-1910 



1,491 



157 

120 

128 

77 

116 

68 

63 

167 

99 

59 

60 

10 

367 



During 

10'/^ years, 
1911-1921 s 



5,913 



47S 
177 
40( 
495 
531 
23c 
384 
93( 
20! 
43! 
19! 
26; 
1,18( 



Country of birth 



All countries.. 
Europe, total. 



EngHnd -- 

Germany 

Greece -- 

Ireland 

Italy, including SicOy and Sardmia. 

Norway 

Poland --■ 

Russia 

Spain. 



Total 



Sex 



Male 



8,098 



6,593 



Sweden 

other Europe- 



Asia 

Canada 

Mexico 

Other countries - 



392 
505 
517 
223 
510 
211 
692 
399 
263 
216 
1,665 

118 
1,059 
1,144 

184 



6,794 



5,308 



361 
471 
516 
169 
601 
196 
659 
371 
263 
204 
1,597 

108 
458 
754 
166 



Female 



1,304 



285 



10 
601 
390 

18 



Entered United States via- 



ports 



Canadian 
border 
ports 



4,516 



2,412 



4,064 



148 
457 
483 
174 
457 
173 
264 
225 
253 
190 
1,240 

92 
169 

43 
148 



1, 



242 
38 
33 
49 
51 
37 

405 

168 
4 
26 

415 

18 

890 

1 

35 



Mexican 

border 

ports 



1,101 



I For more detailed statistics of registration of aliens see Tables 112 to 116, pp. 250-265. 
' From Jan. 1, 1911 to June 2. 1921. 

Aliens registered under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended June 30, 1930. 
showing means of entering the United States, by sex 



EntereJ the United States 



Total 

By boat 

By railway 

By automobile. 

By wagon, sleigh, etc 
Afoot... .- -- 



Num- 
ber 
regis- 
tered 



5,427 

1,767 

126 

192 

5«6 



Sex 



Male Femali 



6,794 



4,866 
1,275 



126 
4?9 



l,3(y. 



561 

49i 

2S 

« 

15' 



REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 29 



ivplications for registration under the act approved March 2, 1929, year ended 
June SO, 1930, showing number denied by causes, and number withdrawn, by 
sex, as specified ^ 



Applications 



Number denied. 



Statutory causes of denial, total. 



Failed to establish continuous residence since June 3, 1921. 

^ot of good moral character -- 

subject to deportation 

ineligible to citizenship 



Other causes of denial, total. 



Record of permanent admission found - 

Failed to appear for examination 

United States citizens - --■::.— -v'"","""r- 

Departed from the United States without awaiting final action. 
Applicants now deceased 

Applications withdrawn 



Total 



1,125 



401 



285 

109 

5 

2 



659 
38 
12 



Sex 



Male 



908 



262 

103 

4 

2 

537 



Female 



217 



30 



179 
2 
5 



1 For more detailed statistics see Tables 117, p. 266. 

CHINESE 

The number of Chinese applying for admission to the United 
States varies but little from year to year. During the past year 
8 114 such persons were admitted as compared with 8,018 in the 
year 1929 and 7,996 in 1928. Of those admitted in the period covered 
by this report, 4,770 were transits, 420 visitors, 1,708 domiciled resi- 
dents returning from visits abroad, 560 persons to carry on trade in 
accordance with the treaty with China governing commerce and 
navigation, 332 students, 312 Government officials, etc., and 12 
ministers of a recognized religious denomination or professors of 
colleges, academies, seminaries, or universities, together with their 
wives and minor children. The 12 mentioned were the only new- 
comers admissible for permanent residence. While the alien Chinese 
who initially came to the United States for permanent residence were 
negligible in number, 3,220 Chinese were admitted as citizens of the 
United States either by reason of birth in this country or as the sons 
or daughters of native-born citizens, about two-thirds of whom were 
returning from temporary visits abroad. 

Within the last year the department has adopted a rule by virtue 
of which merchants, their wives, and minor children, who entered 
subsequent to July 1, 1924, may reenter the United States without 
presenting certificates from the Chinese Government under section 6 
of the act of 1884. Return permits are not issued to this class, but 
the merchant is permitted to secure a preindorsement of his mercantile 
status and after a temporary visit abroad he or his wife or minor 
children are given travel documents on which they may proceed to the 
United States. 

As hereinabove indicated, the largest class, numerically, seeking 
admission claim American citizenship, and the immigration authorities 
are confronted with the necessity of separating the fraudulent from 
the genuine cases. In previous years many persons of this class who 



30 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION ■ 

have been rejected have succeeded in gaining admission through 
habeas corpus proceedings, but during the past year the courts have 
intervened in comparatively few cases. 

Previously Chinese transits were admitted only under bond. An 
increasingly large number of Chinese of the business and leisure classes 
have arrived in transit, for which reason the department has liberal- 
ized the rule governing the admission of transits, permitting port 
officers in charge, in their discretion, to admit such transits without 
bond. This, it is believed, is in the interest of closer social and 
business relations. 

On June 13, 1930, there was approved an act to admit to the United 
States Chinese wives of American citizens where marriage occurred 
prior to May 26, 1924, the date when the last quota law was approved. 

As construed by the courts, the quota immigration act of 1924 
prevented the permanent admission of the Chinese wife of an American 
citizen, but, by virtue of certain treaty rights, the Chinese wife of an 
alien Chinese merchant has been for many years held to be entitled 
to enter with or to follow to join her admitted husband. The 
remedial legislation above referred to corrects this anomalous state of 
affairs and within the limitations therein prescribed gives to the 
Chinese wife of an American citizen recognition in no way inferior to 
that enjoyed by the alien Chinese wife of an alien Chinese merchant. 
The legislation has been in effect so short a time that sufficient 
opportunity has not been afforded for the full enjoyment of its bene- 
fits. The equity of the legislation, however, is so obvious as hardly to 
seem debatable. 

The smuggling of Chinese over the border occurs infrequently 
except in southern California. In that locality smuggling has been 
rife during the past year owing largely to the unfavorable economic 
conditions in Lower California. Many Chinese have entered sur- 
reptitiously^ and placed themselves in the hands of the authorities 
to be deported to China. This is a very unfortunate situation and one, 
it is hoped, ways and means may be found to prevent in the future. 

Return permits. 

Return permits are issued to Chinese of the exempt classes who have 
been previously admitted for permanent and unrestricted residence. 
During the fiscal year 1930 such permits were issued to 429 Chinese; 
while 86 applications were denied. Extensions of previously issued 
permits were granted in 216 cases. 

Chinese arrested 
[Chinese exclusion act] 

Cases pending July 1, 1929 (including aliens awaiting deportation on appeal) - 140 
Arrested during the year (new cases) 122 

Total 262 

Cases disposed of: 
Deported — 

On order of United States commissioner 67 

On court order 28 

Discharged — 

On order of United States commissioner 29 

On court order 16 

Withdrawn and cases dismissed 62 

Forfeited bail " 5 

Died . 1 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 31 

Cases pending June 30, 1930: 

Before United States commissioner 25 

Before courts 29 

Total 262 

PERSONNEL (BUREAU) 

[Average force for the year] 





Number of employees 


Grade 


Appropria- 
tion 
"Salaries, 
Bureau of 
Immigra- 
tion" 


Appropria- 
tion "Ex- 
penses of 
Regulating 
Immigra- 
tion, 1930" 
Depart- 
mental 


Total --- 


57.8 


107.4 






Professional and scientific service: 

Grades . . - . 




1.0 


G rade 3 . 


2.0 

1.0 
1.0 


1.7 


Clerical, administrative and fiscal service: 

Grade 15 . -.- 




Grade 13-. 


1.0 


Grade 12 . 


2.8 


Grade 10 .- 




.2 


Grade 9 




1.6 


Grades 




1.0 


Grade? 


3.6 


1.0 


Grade 6 - ..... ... 


4.0 


Grade 5 


4.0 
8.6 
19.5 
10.1 
6.0 
2.0 


3.0 




5.2 


Grade 3. . 


35.2 


Grade2 


32.1 


Grade 1 


13.4 


Custodial service: Grades ..... 


4.2 







Separations from the Bureau of Immigration 
[Clerical, administrative, and fiscal service] 





Resigned 
without 
prejudice 


Discon- 
tinued 
without 
prejudice 


Transferred 






To 

field 


Other 
Govern- 
ment 
services 


Total 


Total . 


20 


14 


7 


6 


47 






Grade 7: Junior administrative assistant 






1 
1 




1 


Grade 6: Principal clerk 








1 


Grade 3; 

Assistant clerk 


5 

1 
1 

5 
2 






5 


Senior stenographer 


2 




1 
2 


4 


Assistant clerk-stenographer 


2 
1 


5 


Grade 2 

Junior clerk,. . 




6 


Junior clerk-tvpist 






2 


Senior typist. 


2 






2 


Junior stenographer .- 


2 


1 




3 


Junior clerk-stenographer . 




1 
2 


1 


Grade 1: 

Under clerk 


3 

1 


3 

7 


1 


9 


Junior typist 


8 









Turnover 28 per cent. 



32 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENEEAL OF IMMIGEATION 

PERSONNEL (ADMINISTRATIVE)— FIELD SERVICE 

Employees, by classes, on the rolls July 1, 1929, and June 30, 1930 



Julv 1, 
1929 



June 30, 
1930 



Average 

force 

carried 

on rolls, 

liscal 
year 1930 



Total. 



Cominissioner 

Assistant commissioner 

District director 

Assistant district director 

Special investigator 

Supervisor 

Superintendent 

Plant engineer 

District law ofRcer 

Chinese law ofRcer 

Chief of division 

Inspector in charge 

Assistant inspector in charge. 

Immigrant inspector 

Technical adviser 

Contract-labor investigator. . 

Part-time inspector 

Clerk 

Interpreter 

Guard 

Matron 

Laborer 

Janitor 

Charwoman 

Pilot 

Deckhand 

Marine engineer 

Stationary engineer 

Marine fireman 

Stationary fireman 

Launch engineer 

Machinist ._ 

Tile setter 

Laundryman 

Carpenter 

Dynamo tender 

Gardener 

General mechanic. 

Plumber 

Painter. _.. 

Wireman. 

Telephone operator 

Draftsman __ 

Messenger 



2,123 



120 



895 

27 

21 

12 

453 

68 

179 

33 

91 

21 

22 

6 

22 

7 

12 

10 

24 

1 

1 

1 

3 

5 
2 
3 
3 
2 
3 
5 
1 



2,383 



9 

25 

13 

1 

3 

1 

1 

4 

1 

2 

123 

2 

1.028 

28 

23 

12 

556 

64 

193 

35 

89 

22 

20 



2, 263. 



9.0 
9.0 

25.0 

13.0 

1.0 

.3.0 

1.0 

1.0 

2.2 

1.0 

2.0 

121.4 

2.0 

970.6 

26.9 

22.2 

12.7 

512.1 

59.6 

186.3 

33.7 

89.7 

21.2 

20.1 

.5.8 

21.3 

7.0 

13.0 

9.9 

23.3 

1.0 

1.0 

1.(1 

3.0 

fi. 9 

4.7 

2.0 

3.0 

3.0 

2.0 

2.9 

4.9 

.7 



Minimum number of employees on the rolls during the vear, 2,123, 
on July 1, 1929. 

Maximum number of employees on the rolls during the year, 2.383, 
on June 30, 1930. 

The amount expended in salaries for the immigration field force 
during the fiscal year 1930 was $4,787,750. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOISTER GENERAL OF IMMIGEATIOjST 33 



Separations from the field service 
(Administrative] 





Resigned 


Dismissed 


Discontin- 
ued 


Transferred 
to— 


Died 


Re- 
tired 




Title 


With 
preju- 
dice 


With- 
out 

preju- 
dice 


Under 
charges 


During 
proba- 
tional 
period 


With 
preju- 
dice 


With- 
out 

preju- 
dice 


Border 

patrol 
force 


Other 
Govern- 
ment 
services 


Total 


Total.. 


10 


89 


19 


19 


1 


50 


9 


9 


16 


16 


238 


1 


1 
25 


1 
13 
















3 


[mmigrant inspector 


3 


11 




3 
3 

4 
20 

1 
14 


4 


2 


8 


7 


76 
3 


C^outract-labor investiga- 
tor 




1 
39 
2 
12 
2 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 












1 
1 


...... 


6 


31erk 1 1 


2 

1 


5 




5 


6 


77 
6 


3uard 


4 


2 






1 


2 


37 


Laborer 


5 








1 


2 
2 
1 








4 


Matron 


1 














4 














1 




3 
















2 






.. 


1 










1 

1 


...... 

.. 

1 
1 
1 


3 














2 


Charwoman 




1 












2 


Pilot 
















1 




Carpenter 




















Dvnamo tender. 






















Draftsman.. 






















Plumber 









































Turnover approximately 10. o per cent 



FINANCIAL 



Appropriated for the regulation of immigration 

Fiscal year ended June 30, 1929 $7, 927, 075 

Fiscal year ended June 30, 1930 8, 477, 960 

Fiscal year ended June 30, 1931 9, 012, 960 

The increased appropriation for 1930, though not meeting all 
demands, has nevertheless served to permit a broadening of the activi- 
ties of the Immigration Service, and the one for the ensuing fiscal 
year assures possibilities of even greater development and greater 
efficienc}'. In no phase of the administration of the immigration law^s 
is stead}^ progress and development more strikingly evidenced than in 
the removal from our midst of undesirable aliens. In the five fiscal 
years preceding the one just closed, deportations have reached an 
average of 11,319 annually; in the present year they mounted to 
16,631. In this achievement, the immigration border patrol has been 
of incalculable assistance. 

Appropriation for the conduct of the Immigration Service and the administration of 

the immigration laws 

For the enforcement of laws regulating immigration into the United 

► States $6,446,560 

For coast and land border patrol 1, 868, 440 

For physical maintenance and upkeep of immigration stations 49, 000 

For salaries. Bureau of Immigration 113, 960 

Total 8, 477, 960 

The net amount expended during the year for all purposes, after de- 
ducting refunds to the appropriation for expenditures not properly 
chargeable to the Government, was 8, 447, 392 

Leaving an unexpended balance of 30, 568 



34 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Balanced against the expenditures mentioned there was collected as 

hereinafter shown, the sum of $3, 819, 520 

Making the actual cost of operation 4, 627, 872 

INCOME AND SOtFRCES THEREOF 

Head tax $2, 731, 447 

Administrative fines 315, 815 

Reentry permits and extensions 383, 355 

Certificates of registry 161, 960 

Bonds forfeited and paid without suit, including interest coupons on 

Liberty bonds 221, 663 

Sale of exclusive privileges (feeding, money exchange, etc.) 1, 284 

Expenses of deporting aliens — reimbursed 2, 191 

Sale of Government property 773 

Miscellaneous collections 601 

Coin-box collections, New York, Boston, Seattle, and Philadelphia.. 431 

Total 3,819,520 

BORDER PATROL 

The immigration border patrol has steadily developed in discipline 
and efficiency. The results accomplished b}" it have been little short 
of marvelous, considering the comparatively limited amount of money 
expended for its operation and maintenance. It occupies a position 
in the affection and esteem of the communities in which it operates 
second to no governmental organization. 0\\"ing to the highly select- 
ive methods employed in choosing its personnel and the indefati- 
gability with which the highest standards of honor have been 
maintained, its integrity has never been seriously challenged. Pride 
in their organization, of the men comprising its personnel, and their 
devotion to duty have been equaled by the members of few, if any, 
organizations of a similar character, and, I am confident, surpassed 
by none in this or any other country. 

The following discussion, it is believed, will be of interest: 

ORIGIN— STATUTORY AUTHORITY FOR CREATION 

The Immigration Service border patrol came into existence by 
virtue of authority contained in the appropriations act of Mav 28, 
1924 (43 Stat. 240), reading: " Pronded, That at least $1,000,000 
of this amount shall be expended for additional land border patrol 
of which $100,000 shall be immediately available." The same general 
language has been employed in subsequent appropriation bills pro- 
viding funds for the enforcement of the immigration laws. The 
amount for this piu-pose has been increased from year to year. In the 
fiscal year 1929 the sum provided reached the total of $1,868,440. 
The same amount was provided for the past fiscal year and has been 
appropriated for the ensuing one. 

DEVELOPMENT— NUMERICAL STRENGTH AND EQUIPMENT 

Personnel, barracks, and equipment have been increased propor- 
tionately from year to year as additional funds have been provided. 
At the close of June 30, 1930, there was a total field personnel of 805 
employees, consisting of 1 supervisor, 11 assistant superintendents, 
29 chief patrol inspectors, 189 senior patrol inspectors, 517 patrol 
inspectors, 27 clerks, 21 motor mechanics, 7 laborers, and 3 janitors. 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 35 

I Transportation consisted of 282 automobiles, 24 trucks, 15 saddle 
i horses, and 5 pack horses. 

DISTRICTS— ADMINISTRATION 

There are seven major patrol districts on the north and five on the 
south, each under the general supervision of a district director of 
immigration or commissioner of immigration, assisted by an assistant 
superintendent of patrol. Each of these major districts is divided 
into such number of subdistricts, each under the direction of a chief 
patrol inspector, as the area of the major district and the physical 
characteristics and patrol problems render necessar^^ 

DUTIES OF PATROL INSPECTORS 

The duties of immigration patrol inspectors are primarily to pre- 
vent the illegal entry of aliens, not only those seeking entry for the 
first time but those who have been previously excluded or deported. 
Needless to say, aliens seeking clandestine^ to enter are, for the most 
part, aliens who would not be permitted to enter if they applied in the 
regular way for admission. Patrol inspectors working on or near the 
international lines are expected to seize contraband of any and all 
kinds being brought into the United States in violation of Federal 
laws and to hold the guilty persons. Contraband includes aliens, 
dutiable goods and merchandise, intoxicating liquor, animals, nar- 
cotics, and infested products of the soil. Patrol inspectors exert every 
effort to prevent and detect the passage of armed bands to Mexico 
to engage in revolutionary activities, and the smuggling from the 
United States into Mexico of arms and ammunition to be used in 
such activities. They likewise apprehend violators of the so-called 
"Dyer Act," that is, persons driving stolen cars from one State to 
another, and, in some instances, violators of the so-called "White 
slave traffic act," that is to say, persons engaged in transporting 
women or girls from one State to another for immoral purposes. Patrol 
officers likewise apprehend deserters from the United States Army 
and Navy, to say nothing of murderers, thieves, highwaymen, and 
other fugitives from justice. 

AUTHORITY OF LAW TO ACT 

The right of immigration patrol inspectors to arrest aliens, with 
and without warrant, is found in the appropriations act of February 
27, 1925 (43 Stat. 1049), reading as follows: 

Provided further, That hereafter any employee of the Bureau of Immigration 
authorized so to do under regulations prescribed by the Commissioner General 
of Immigration with the approval of the Secretary of Labor, shall have power 
without warrant (1) to arrest any alien v,ho, in his presence or view, is entering or 
attempting to enter the United States in violation of any law, or regulations made 
in pursuance of law, regulating the admission of aliens, and to take such alien im- 
mediately for examination before an immigrant inspector or other official having 
authority to examine aliens as to their right to admission to the United States, 
and (2) to board and search for aliens any vessel within the territorial waters of 
the United States, railway car, conveyance, or vehicle, in which he believes 
aliens are being brought into the United States; and such employee shall have 
power to execute any warrant or other process issued by any officer under any 
law regulating the admission, exclusion, or expulsion of aliens. 

The expression "entering the United States" is not given a narrow 
construction. In the case of Lew Moy et al. r. The United States, 



36 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION" 

237 Fed. 50, it was held in effect that an alien is m the act of entering 
the United States until he reaches his interior destination. Section 
26 of the national prohibition act reads as follows: 

When the comnii«sioner, his assistant, inspectors, or any officer of the law shall 
discover anj' person in the act of transporting in violation of the law, intoxicating 
liquors in any wagon, buggy, automobile, water or air craft, or other vehicle, it 
shall be his duty to seize any and all intoxicating liquors found therein being 
transported contrary' to law. Wherever intoxicating liquors transported or 
possessed illegalh' shall be seized by an officer he shall take possession of the 
vehicle and team or automobile, boat, air or water craft, or any other conveyance, 
and shall arrest any person in charge thereof. 

There is no Federal law specially authorizing immigration patrol 
inspectors to make other seizures and arrests. In so doing, they act 
under the generally recognized common-law rights applicable to local 
peace officers and citizens alike. Those rights, so far as applicable to 
immigration patrol inspectors, may be summarized as follows: 

(1) To take the necessary steps to prevent the commission of a 
felony ; 

(2) To arrest without a warrant persons w^ho commit or attempt to 
commit a felony (or for that matter a breach of peace) in their pres- 
ence, or whom the officers have reasonable grounds to believe have 
committed a felony. -M 

OPERATION " 

Mobility, with coordination and control at all times of the forces 
engaged, has played an important part in making it possible to patrol 
the borders with maximum efficiency and minimum expense. 

All units of the border patrol work in areas between ports of entry, 
some close to the border line, and some at greater distances therefrom, 
depending, among other things, upon the location, character, and 
direction of roads and trails and the nature of terrain. Junction 
points of converging roads frequently offer strategic possibilities of 
control with a minimum of men. Not infrequently supporting units 
are thrown back from the border, as a secondary line of defense so to 
speak. Patrol units in some instances follow out roads running per- 
pendicular (or approximately so) to the border, sometimes proceeding 
from bases toward the border, thus meeting the smugglers, and at 
others from the border in pursuit. Supporting units not infrequently 
follow a road from the border for a considerable distance, then pro- 
ceed by means of a road running transversely to another road running 
from the border, returning thence to the border, encountering smug- 
glers who believed their way to be clear. Strategies of every kind 
are employed to outwit the smuggler. Mobility and avoidance of 
anything in the nature of routine practices keep the smuggler guessing; 
in other words, despite all the information he is able to procure by 
telephone or otherwise from road-running pilots, scouts, and others 
before leaving his base, he encounters the patrols at the most 
unexpected times and places. 

For mutual aid and protection the patrols operate in units of not 
less than two men. They note and report everything observed or 
otherwise learned that may be of possible value or significance. The 
reports are studied and coordinated with others that may be on file, 
and even though they may not be of value immediately, they fre- 
quently become so. Every patrolman becomes an intelligence officer, 
trained to observe and appraise the value of things he hears and sees. 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 37 

He cultivates friends and develops sources of information. The 
legion of friends of the border patrol is an invaluable adjunct. If 
information is important, seeming to require immediate action, the 
friend communicates it to the nearest patrol base if no patrolman is 
in the vicinity, often riding for miles to do so if a telephone is not 
available. 

Patrol officers are told that the promiscuous checking of traffic 
on the public highways at points removed from the border is not 
permissible and iJiaj lead to serious consequences; that vehicles should 
not be stopped on the public highways unless the officers know or 
have good reason to believe, as distinguished from mere suspicion, 
that contraband aliens or other contraband is being transported 
thereby or that they are otherwise being used to violate the law. 
When officers have advance information as to such unlawful use of 
an automobile, but because of darkness or other reasons it is difficult 
to identify the particular car while in motion, they are instructed to 
exercise ingenuity instead of attempting to hold up traffic generally. 
For example, one officer will station himself at a spot on the highway 
where there is illumination and, upon identifying the car under sus- 
picion, signal officers ahead by flashlight or telephone. The officers 
take position at points where in the nature of things drivers of cars 
find it necessary to stop or to check their speed. 

PERSONNEL 

Selection — Elimination of unfit. 

Until recently those applicants who succeeded in passing a written 
intelligence test were accorded an oral examination as a further aid 
to determine their general fitness. A regular civil-service examiner 
conducted the oral examinations with the assistance of one or more 
responsible immigration officers, preferably those whose duty it is to 
make recommendations looking to appointment. Generally, the 
district dnector of immigration or the assistant district director or 
the assistant superintendent of the border patrol, or two of these 
officers sat on the board of examiners. When a civil-service list of 
eligibles is supplied to fill a vacancy, a further and independent 
inquiry is conducted to learn whether any of the eligibles is disqualified 
for any reason. The examination papers of the applicants, with the 
accompanying papers relating to their antecedents, are then carefully 
studied and compared with reports of investigations conducted to 
insure, so far as possible, that proper candidates only are selected. 
A very high standard of conduct after entering the service is exacted, 
in consequence of which and despite the preliminary sifting processes 
referred to, many officers have failed to measure up to the require- 
ments. If their unfitness is demonstrated during their six months' 
probation, they are summarily dropped. If there is any question 
about the matter at the end of the probationary period, the Govern- 
ment and not the individual is given the benefit of the doubt. Sepa- 
ration for cause is thereafter accomplished on the basis of formal 
charges, to which the accused is afforded opportunity to answer in 
writing. 

There is no abatement of the "weeding out" processes. This 
practice has resulted in a large turnover, amounting in the last three 
fiscal years to 25.4, 28.7, and 20.5 per cent, respectively. While the 



38 KEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONEE GIJNEEAL OP IMMIGRATION 

"weeding out" process has entailed hard work the ultimate result has 
been the establishment of an organization of law-enforcing officers of 
high ideals. 

Training. 

A patrol officer can not attain a maximum value on the Mexican 
border if he does not possess a good working knowledge of the Spanish 
language. If he does not have this at the time of appointment, he is 
expected to acquire it during the period of probation. A patrol 
inspector is expected to learn the excluding, deporting, and criminal 
provisions of the various immigration laws and the various laws and 
important court decisions dealing with citizenship. He is also 
required to learn the more important rules of evidence in criminal 
procedure. In order properly to perform his work with maximum 
efficiency and minimum friction and legal complications, a patrol 
inspector must know as much about these several matters as does an 
immigrant inspector, and a well-informed immigrant inspector has 
been regarded as something of a specialist in his field of endeavor. 

Classes of instruction are held and lectures given and, as an incentive 
to study, promotions from patrol inspector to senior patrol inspector 
are in part based upon knowledge of the laws, and of Spanish (if 
assigned to the Mexican border) as well as upon general qualities of 
leadership. 

When a patrol inspector first enters the service, he is given to 
understand that the watchword of the organization is "Honor first '^ ; 
he is advised in most unmistakable terms that he is expected to tell 
the truth at all times in any matter affecting the service, whatever the 
consequences may be; that lying is moral cowardice and an unpardon- 
able sin so far as the border patrol is concerned; he is advised not to 
drink, gamble, grumble, watch the clock, or live beyond his means; 
he is admonished not to engage in loose talk about brother officers or 
others; that he should not under any circumstances divulge official 
matters, swashbuckle, or, except when directed by competent 
authority, fraternize with law violators. He is instructed to be neat 
in his appearance and, above all, to be ethical, law abiding, courteous, 
and considerate both in his private and official conduct, whether 
dealing with aliens or citizens. These things are constantly empha- 
sized by officers in command. 

The following epitomizes the instructions given patrol officers from 
time to time as to their conduct on the witness stand : 

Oftentimes officers prejudice the Government's or the State's case by their 
demeanor as witnesses, their biased attitude giving the impression that they are 
"persecuting" instead of prosecuting the defendant. Officers should give their 
testimony in a calm, dispassionate way; should fairly and truthfully state only 
what they know, without "coloring" their evidence, without exaggeration, and 
without attempting to state an inference or conclusion as a fact; and should 
never permit an attorney to "badger" them into a display of feeling against a 
defendant. They should maintain their equanimity, whatever the provocation. 
When the individual officers are constantly fair and impartial in their official 
acts, the organization gains an enviable reputation for fairness that possesses 
manifold advantages. Naturally we desire to secure convictions in proper cases, 
but we do not want to make a record of any sort at the expense of honor or 
reputation. 

UNIFORMS 

From the beginning, immigration patrol inspectors have worn 
smart, well-fitting, distinctive uniforms on duty, unless exempted by 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 39 

competent authority for some special reason. The uniform is 
jforestry green in color and of pleasing design, set off by appropriate 
lornaments, insignia, etc. Any traveler who encounters an immi- 
gration patrol inspector on the highway immediately knows the 
nicer 's identity. 

USE OF FORCE 

The question has been frequently presented as to the measure of 
force, if any, that may be employed in enforcing the laws which patrol 
oHicers are specifically authorized to enforce, as well as other laws for 
\\ hich they must rely upon their common-law rights. The statutory 
la\v and court decisions offer many fine distinctions as to excusable 
and justifiable homicide, some of which are confusing to attorneys and 
even more so to the average layman. For all patrol officers to attempt 
to learn these distinctions and to apply them correctly in every emer- 
gency is impracticable. In this they are told there is but one safe 
rule, and that is: SJioot only in defense of self or of a brother officer or of 
another person (not engaged in violating the law) whose life is imjieriled; 
that if an officer performing a lawful act shoots under those ckcumstan- 
ces, he need feel no apprehension as to the consequences; that the rule 
stated is an unalterable one, since any deviation therefrom might not 
only imperil an innocent person but place an officer in unnecessary jeop- 
ardy and detract, as well, from the good reputation enjoyed by the or- 
ganization. This rule has been stated and reiterated many times, with 
the explanation that self-defense does not necessarily mean that an 
officer must wait to be fired upon before he shoots, but that if he has 
good reason to believe that he or a fellow officer is about to be 
attacked, and he conscientiously deems such action necessary for the 
safety of the life of either, he may shoot at the person about to make 
the attack; that each officer must decide for himself whether such a 
drastic measure is necessary. 

OUTLINE OF RESULTS ACCOMPLISHED 

In the six years ended June 30, 1930, there have been apprehended 
88,504 smuggled aliens and 2,384 smugglers of aliens. Automobiles 
and other conveyances, liquors and miscellaneous contraband of a 
conservatively estimated value of $4,467,622 have been seized, 
and, together with the law violators involved, delivered to the officers 
of the Government departments directly concerned. A total of 
29,012,242 miles of patrolling has been done. There have been exam- 
ined 907,632 freight and passenger trains, 3,256,308 automobiles, 
241,936 buses, 70,154 boats, and 113,100 other conveyances. A 
total of 4,220,197 passengers in the various vehicles referred to have 
been examined, in addition to which 1,449,254 pedestrians have also 
been examined. In the four vears for which complete figures are 
available (1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930) 101,955 persons of ah kinds, 
ahens and citizens, law violators of one kind or another, were appre- 
hended and delivered to appropriate officers of the Immigration 
Service, Customs Service, Prohibition Service, Narcotic Bureau, 
Department of Agriculture, Department of Justice, the Army, the 
Navy, States, counties, and municipalities. 



40 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

GENERAL 

It is desirable that cA^eiy apprehension by a border patrol officer 
should be made at the border at the time and place the offense is 
committed. In actual practice this is not possible without a force 
many, many times larger than now exists. There are involved poten- 
tiahties for international difficulties, delicate matters of pursuit, 
search, seizure, interrogation, detention, and arrest. On the other 
hand, the farther from the international border the pursuit takes an 
officer, the more compHcated become the legal entanglements in which 
he is likely to become enmeshed. Immigration patrol inspectors are 
specially trained in these matters. 

Immigration patrol officers, being thrown very largely upon their 
own resources, are required to take the initiative^nd assume respon- 
sibility. Therefore, only officers capable of doing this are retained. 
In the inimigration border patrol a very large majority of the men has 
had military training; many have been commissioned officers, rank- 
ing all the w^ay from second lieutenant to lieutenant colonel. The 
force includes former peace officers, cowboys, farmers, carpenters, 
painters, mechanics, writers, and even ministers of the Gospel. These 
men are far from being job-seekers; most of them want to be immi- 
gration patrol inspectors because of the opportunity the position 
offers for worth-while public service. They have an intense pride in 
the organization; are exceedingly jealous of its good name, and seek 
so to maintain its good repute that their wives and children may be 
proud of them because of their connection with it. As an example of 
the morale, picked at random out of thousands: A senior patrol 
inspector at a distant station, upon learning of conduct upon the part 
of a patrol inspector of a character to reflect upon the good name of 
the organization, instructed the offender, who was not a member of 
the unit for which the senior patrol inspector was responsible, to make 
a full written report of the occurrence to the chief of the subdistrict, 
and, when the report was not forthcoming, conveyed the offender 
more than a hundred miles for personal report to the chief, whereupon 
the erring one submitted his resignation. 

For the successful enforcement of the immigration laws dependence 
must be had in a large measure upon the good will and active assist- 
ance of the pubHc. A large number of the patrol officers are married 
and live in the communities where they perform their duties; their 
famihes attend church; their children go to school; they patronize 
the home stores; and in all proper respects are identified with the 
community interest. Immigration patrol inspectors enjoy the repu- 
tation of being not only efficient but of doing efficient work in a 
courteous, considerate, and lawful manner. It is generally known 
that they shoot only in self-defense, and, w^liile they have been forced 
to kill a considerable number of murderous outlaws, they have been 
vindicated in open trial before juries of their peers in the commu- 
nities where they dwell. Public sentiment, in short, has been and is 
sohdly behind these officers. As indicated, the task of the patrol is 
no small one. It requires men of a high order of integrity, intelligence, 
resourcefulness, initiative, and responsibility. These qualities are 
obtainable largely in proportion to the compensation offered. The 
rank and ffie of patrol inspectors receive an entrance salary of $1,800 
a year. Opportunities for advancement are excellent, and, while the 



BEPORT OF THE COMMISSIOlSrER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 41 

entrance salary is none too large, considering the qualities demanded 
and the hazards to life involved, it enables the organization to attract 
and retain officers comparable to commissioned officers of the lower 
ranks of the Army. In work of the nature upon which these officers 
are engaged, the necessity of individual responsibility can not be 
emphasized too strongly. The high regard in which these officers 
are held is evidenced by requests of numerous communities that such 
officers be assigned to duty thereat. 

Fifteen men in the organization, whose names are listed below, have 
lost their lives in encounters with outlaws. Braver}^, courage, and 
devotion to the ideals and traditions of the service, above and be3^ond 
the call of duty, have attended the supreme sacrifice in practically 
every instance. 

ROLL OF HONOR 

1. Frank H. Clark. Killed at El Paso, Tex., on December 13, 1924. 

2. August D. De La Pena. Killed at Rio Grande City, Tex., on August 3, 

1925. 

3. William W. McKee. Killed near Alambre ranch, 40 miles south of Tucson, 

Ariz., on April 23, 1926. 

4. LoN Parker. Killed near Willis ranch, Huachuca Mountains, Ariz., on 

July 25, 1926. 

5. Thad Pippin. Killed in mountains near El Paso, Tex., on April 21, 1927. 

6. Franklin P. Wood. Presumed to have been rammed and sunk by, and 

while in pursuit of, a smuggler's boat in the Detroit River December 15, 
1927. Body never recovered. 

7. Norman G. Ross. Killed by apprehended alien while in rear seat of alien's 

car on February 10, 1928, near Kane Springs, Calif. 

8. Robert H. Lobdell. Killed near Roseau, Minn., December 25, 1928. 

9. Earl A. Roberts. Killed by a liquor smuggler about March 23, 1929, at 

Algonac, Mich. 

10. Benjamin T. Hill. Killed by, and while pursuing, a suspected smuggler 

in El Paso, Tex., May 30, 1929. 

11. Ivan E. Scotten. Killed early in the morning of July 20, 1929, at Los 

Pompos crossing on the Rio Grande, from ambush, 25 miles southeast of 
El Paso, Tex., by alien smugglers of liquor. 

12. Miles J. Scannell. Killed in the morning of September 9, 1929, at Polvo, 

Tex., on the Rio Grande, by outlaws. 

13. William D. McCalib. Killed in the morning of January 7, 1930, at Alice, 

Tex., by an escaped convict. 

14. Harry E. Vincent. Killed at about 10 p. m., on March 23, 1930, at a 

detour on the State highway, about 1 mile north of Oceanside, Calif., 
by being struck by a moving automobile, the driver of which was ap- 
parently confused by improper'road illumination. 

15. Robert W. Kelsay. Shot from ambush in the early morning hours of 

June 25, 1930, on the Rio Grande, near Laredo, Tex.; died at 4 p. m. the 
same day. 

Two letters, written by the wife and sister, respectively, of one of 
the patrol officers whose name appears in the foregoing roll of honor, 
so revealingly portray the hazards in the lives of border-patrol men 
and the spirit animating them and their loved ones in the battle 
which is being waged to guard the borders against outlawry, that 
I am constrained, without disclosing the identity of their authors, 
to quote them below: 

, 1929. 

Border Patrol, 

, Tex. 

Dear Boys: I can never thank j^ou for all the things you've done for us since 

was taken from us. The flowers, the resolutions, every little 

thoughtful deed and word have helped as much as anything can to comfort. 
It gets harder every day, knowing how he was loved and depended on, to under- 

15597—30 i 



42 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

stand why he was taken; but I must, I must, make myself believe it was for 
the best. I depended on and loved him so completely I don't know how I can 
ever go on — on and on through long j'ears without him to understand and love 
me, but somehow I must; because he lived such a noble life and died such a 
noble death, I must be brave and face life as he would have done. I realize 
more every day what a splendid organization he worked with. I hope you 
will all always uphold the standard and never put a poor officer in the 
organization. 

I am going to trj^ to teach our boy to be as big, capable, dependable, and 

good as his daddy, and when he grows up, if he wishes to take 's 

place in the service I shall willinglj' give my consent. 

I feel almost as near to each of you as I do my own family, so please keep 
a little place in your heart for us. 
Most sincerelj^. 



-, Texas, 
, 1929. 



Border Patrol Boys, 

, Tex. 

Dear Boys: I'm taking the liberty of addressing you thus, having heard 
and Dorothy speak so many times of you all as "The Boys." 



However, should I follow the feeling that I have in my heart for you, I would 
say "Dear Brothers" because that's just how near and dear each and every 
one of j^ou are to us. 

I want to thank each and all of you for the resolutions that were received 
yesterday afternoon, also for the many nice things you have said and done for 
us in this terrible sorrow that has come into our homes. 

Just one month ago this morning dear old • ■ — - — was one of you. 

I can't heij) but feel that to-day he's with you just as of old, that his spirit will 
ever be with you, to guide and protect you from traps such as he walked into. 

I pray to God each night that all you God-loving, God-fearing men who for 
the sake of civilization leave your happy homes and loved ones day or night, 
rain or shine, and go down on that terrible river, trying so hard to uphold and 
enforce the laws of our country. Each time that j^ou go out on such a duty 
may God watch over and protect you every one and return j^ou safely home. 

In your hearts I know each man carries the thought, "Revenge 's 

death." But listen, if could speak to you I'm sure he would say, 

"Be O! so careful men." Nothing can bring our back now, 

and the persons who murdered him and their friends will be ever expecting 
you to get them and they will sneak and try to get you first. 

Think of your fathers and mothers, wives and babies, and homes; then think 
of ■ — ■; so do be careful. 

God bless and protect vou all. 

Mrs. 

's sister. 



The activities of the border patrol, its accomplishments, personnel, 
separations, and transportation during the past year are hereinafter 
set forth in detail in tabulated form. 

Activities of immigration border patrol during the fiscal year ended June 30, 19S0 
Miles patrolled, total 7, 038, 785 

By motor 6, 375, 024 

By railroad 193, 688 

By horse 63, 657 

By boat 3, 377 

By aircraft 1, 065 

Afoot 401, 974 



EEPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 43 

Trains, buses, etc., examined and passengers thereon interrogated 

Number of Number 

convey- of pas- 

ances sengers 

Total 980,103 751,833 

Freight trains 95, 281 50, 886 

Passenger trains 82, 264 94, 733 

Automobiles 723, 536 510, 878 

Buses 52, 325 57, 806 

Boats 17, 031 12, 839 

Other conveyances 9,666 24,691 

Pedestrians interrogated 348, 319 

Persons apprehended, total 22,448 

For violation of immigration laws, total 21, 149 

Smugglers of aliens 269 

On warrant 65 

Endeavoring to enter the United States 20, 815 

For violation of other laws 1, 299 





Per- 
sons 
appre- 
hended 


Seizures 


Delivered to — 


Automobiles 


Other convey- 
ances 


Liquor 


Miscel- 
laneous 
contra- 




Num- 
ber 


Estimated 
value 


Num- 
ber 


Estimated 
value 


Quantity 

(in 
quarts) 


Estimated 
value 


band, 
esti- 
mated 
value 


Total 


22,448 


633 


$249, 450 


173 


$142, 699 


229, 099 


$364, 654 


$9, 239 








21, 149 
745 
63 
19 
44 
U 
1 


26 

484 

50 

1 


15, 775 

172, 995 

28, 625 

400 


10 

146 

2 


650 

130, 489 

1,200 






10 


Customs 


188, 789 

25, 511 

148 


280, 310 


2,611 


Prohibition ... 


67, 964 
398 


904 


Justice 


90 


Army and Navy 






344 
















505 


Agriculture 














23 


Coast Guard 






3 

12 


7,500 
2,860 








State and municipal 

Owners. 


416 


71 
1 


31, 255 
400 


14, 651 


15, 982 


4,637 
115 















Total estimated value of seizures, $766,042. 
Employees, border patrol, by classes, on the rolls on July 1, 1929, and June 30, 1930 



July 1, 


June 30, 


1929 


1930 


828 


805 


1 


1 


9 


11 


29 


29 


179 


189 


550 


517 


28 


27 


22 


21 


8 


7 


2 


3 



Average 

force carried 

on rolls, 

fiscal year 

1930 



Total 

Supervisor 

Assistant superintendent 

Chief patrol inspector 

Senior patrol inspector... 

Patrol inspector 

Clerk 

Motor mechanic. 

Laborer 

Janitor 



8.1 



1.0 

10.5 

30.4 

186.2 

540.5 

28.7 

20.0 

7.8 

3.0 



44 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GEISTEEAL OP IMMIGEATION 

Minimum number of employees on the rolls during the j^ear, 805, 
on June 30, 1930. 

Maximum number of employees on the rolls during the year, 864, 
on January 1, 1930. 

The amount expended for salaries of the border patrol force during 
the year 1930 was 11,636,245. 

Separations from the service, border patrol 





Resigned 


Dismissed 


Discontinued 


Transferred to— 


Died 






With 
preju- 
dice 


With- 
out 

preju- 
dice 


Under 
charges 


During 
proba- 
tional 
period 


With 
preju- 
dice 


With- 
out 

preju- 
dice 


Immi- 
gration 
Service 


other 
Gov- 
ern- 
ment 
services 


Total 


Total 


18 


71 


11 


15 


5 


38 S 


5 


171 






















1 
2 

8 
20 

7 






1 












I 






2 


Senior patrol inspector.. 


3 
15 


6 

61 

3 

1 


3 






1 


1 
4 


21 


Patrol inspector . - 


15 


. 1 2 


131 


Clerk 




1 


12 


Motor mechanic 




1 






2 


Laborer . . 








1 








1 


Janitor 


















1 























Turnover approximately 20.5 per cent. 

TRANSPORTATION 

Motor vehicles on hand June 30, 1930: 

Automobiles 282 

Trucks 24 

Horse allowances (20) : 

Saddle horses 15 

Pack horses 5 

Motor equipment purchased during fiscal year 1930: 

Chevrolet 4-door sedans 21 

Ford 4-door sedans 36 

Plymouth 4-door sedans 4 

Whippet 4-door sedans 7 

Chevrolet trucks 10 

78 
Gross cost - $52, 467. 07 

Motor equipment turned in during fiscal year 1930: 

Chevrolet 4-door sedans 32 

Chevrolet touring cars 7 

Chevrolet trucks 1 

Ford touring cars 2 

Whippet 4-door sedans 22 

Whippet coaches 4 

Reo speed wagon (truck) 1 

Star 4-door sedan 1 

Star touring cars 2 

Star trucks 2 

74 
Total allowance 10, 951. 42 

Net cost of new motor equipment 41, 515. 65 



EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIOlSrER GENERAL OF IMMIGEATIOIST 45 

ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS 

While the difficulties encountered by the bureau and field forces 
to the attaininent of an entirely satisfactory administration of the 
immigration laws are man}^ and varied, and in the main are augmented 
by, where they do not actually arise from, unavailability of funds, 
patience, persistence, and determination are proving a wonderful 
solvent. In this connection excerpts appearing below, taken from 
the annual report for the fiscal year 1928 (p. 28), are as pertinent 
to-day as when originally written. 

Our greatest problems and difficulties arise from an inadequate field force of 
inspectors and clerks. * * * ^i^q number of immigrant inspectors available 
for dut}' in the interior of the United States is not sufficient properly to investi- 
gate and proceed for the removal of deportable aliens, including those who have 
secured admission in the guise of visitors and abuse the privilege by remaining 
in violation of the express limitations placed upon immigrants by the quota act. 

Again it is urged that consideration be given to the question of designating 
■certain of the more important coast and land border ports as schools for the 
training on the job of immigrant inspectors and border patrol inspectors, and, 
with this in view, that probational appointees be initially assigned to such places 
and thereafter to other stations as need of their services thereat arises, such 
reassignments to be made only after the new appointee has satisfactorily com- 
pleted his period of probation. Probationers failing to measure up to the re- 
quirements should be promptly dropped from the rolls at the training points. 
A system of training of this sort would not onl}^ make for fixed standards of 
efficiency and uniformitj^ of practice, but would obviate the necessity of assigning 
green, inexperienced, untrained men to new jobs or vacancies where but little, 
if any, opportunity is afforded to give them special attention. Such a system 
would require a comparatively small increase in the personnel. Vacancies at 
the training points, resulting from the transfer of trained personnel, would be 
immediatel.v filled by the appointment of new probationers. Field officers gen- 
erally find the new appointees of relatively little value for the first six months 
or longer. In fact they are more frequently than not a distinct liability, espe- 
cially where, as is almost invariably the case, the field staff is functioning wdth 
a minimum number of employees. * * * 

The bureau in particular is handicapped by an inadequate staff. 

LEGISLATION RECOMMENDED 

First. That the exemption from the operation of the illiteracj^ in- 
hibition as set forth in section 3 of the immigration act of 1917, 
reading "All aliens who have been lawfully admitted to the United 
States and vrho have resided therein continuously for five 3^ears and 
who return to the United States within six months from the date of 
their departure therefrom," be broadened so as to provide that ahens 
holding valid unexpired reentry permits shall not be excluded because 
of illiteracy, and that subdivision F of section 10 of the immigration 
act of 1924 be so amended as to harmonize with the amendment of 
section 3 of the act of 1917 as proposed. 

Second. That statutory grounds for both exclusion and deportation 
be broadened, particularly the latter, so as to make it possible to re- 
move an alien who is repeatedly convicted of violating the laws of 
the United States or the several States or who by his activities shows 
that he is interested in an organization that has for one of its objects 
the destruction of this Government by force, and that the whole 
body of law dealing with immigration be codified in the manner and 
for the reasons set forth in the annual report for the fiscal year ended 
June 30, 1926. 



46 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONEE GEXEEAL OF IMMIGEATIOIST 

Third. That section 8 of the immigration act of 1917 be amended 
to provide a specific penalty for the offense of harboring and con- 
cealing smuggled aliens. This amendment is necessitated by decisions 
of certain com'ts that this clause of section 8 is inoperative because 
Congress did not in clear language provide a penalty for the offense. 

Fourth. That Congress make a study of immigration from countries 
of this hemisphere with a view to placing it upon the same basis as 
immigration from countries to which the quota limitations are now 
applicable. The numerically unlimited flow of immigrants from coun- 
tries of the Western Hemisphere can not be consistently reconciled 
with the sharp curtailment of immigration from Europe. 

Fifth. That omission from section 15 of the immigration act of 1924 
of authority to require bond in appropriate cases in connection with 
the admission of immigrant students be remedied. Liberality should 
be extended to those who seek to avail themselves of our educational 
facilities, but at the same time there should be authority, in the 
interest of good administration, where that course is desirable, to 
exact a bond from immigrant students admitted, conditioned for 
their departure from the United States. The present situation works 
to the disadvantage of the alien in obliging the port officials to exclude 
in a doubtful case; whereas, if bond were possible, doubts might be 
resolved in favor of the applicant in many instances without jeopardy 
to the accomplishment of the general purposes of the act. 

Sixth. That section 15 of the immigration act of 1924 be amended 
so as to require servants of Government officials, now admitted under 
diplomatic immunity, to depart from the country upon failure to 
maintain the status under which admitted. 

Seventh. That a nonquota status in the issuance of immigration 
visas be authorized in favor of the dependent parents over 60 years 
of age of citizens of the United States. The number who would 
benefit by this modification of existing lav.^ is not large and consid- 
erations of humanity fully support the recommendation. The Con- 
gress has extended a nonquota status to the husbands of American 
citizens, but with the proviso that marriage shall have occurred prior 
to June 1, 1928. No such limitation, however, is imposed in the 
granting of a nonquota status to alien wives of American citizens. 
Legislation is strongly recommended which will place American citizen 
wives and American citizen husbands on an absolute equality in the 
issuance of nonquota visas. That in the issuance of visas the v/ives 
and unmarried children under 21 years of age of aliens residents of 
the United States who were lawfully admitted to the United States 
for permanent residence be given priority of preference over immi- 
grants who are skilled in agriculture and the wives and dependent 
children under the age of 18 years of such immigrants skilled in agri- 
culture, if accompanying or following to join them. 

Eighth. That a nonquota status be extended to the unmarried 
stepchildren, under 21 years of age, of American citizens. 

Ninth. That the Commissioner General of Immigration, with the 
approval of the Secretary of Labor and under such regulations as 
may be prescribed, be authorized to declare, from time to time, a 
preference by occupation in the issuance of quota visas to aliens needed 
in our economic development and to designate by occupation, as 
inadmissible, immigrant aliens not so needed. 



KEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 47 

Tenth. That the Secretary of Labor be given broader powers to 
admit ahens in cases of hardship — those who enlisted in the armed 
forces of this country during its participation in the World War, 
political refugees, artists, and intellectual geniuses, and wives of aliens 
admitted for permanent residence prior to July 1, 1924, who have 
declared their intention to become citizens of the United States. 
With wise limitations and restrictions this power can be safely con- 
ferred without danger of abuse. 

Eleventh. That a general discretion with regard to the excluding 
provision of the immigration laws be vested in the Secretary of Labor 
to readmit expatriated natives of the United States. 

Twelfth. That the law be amended so that refund of passage money 
be not made, as it now is, to an alien who by his own fraud and deceit 
has prevailed upon a steamship company to bring him, although 
inadmissible, to a United States port. 

Thirteenth. That legislation be enacted authorizing the seizure and 
forfeiture of vehicles and vessels used to import aliens into the United 
States in violation of the provisions of the immigration laws, or to 
transport them thereafter pursuant to such illegal importation; and to 
permit the Immigration Service to make use of such vehicles and 
vessels after they have been ordered forfeited by the courts. 

Fourteenth. That the act approved March 2, 1929, entitled "An 
act to supplement the naturalization laws, and for other purposes," 
be amended so as to provide that the registry of aliens as therein 
provided may be made as to those aliens who entered the United 
States prior to Jul}' 1, 1924, instead of prior to June 3, 1921, the date 
specified in the present act. 

Fifteenth. That provision be made for the reimbursement of immi- 
gration officers and employees for the expenses incurred by them in 
the moving of their families and household and personal effects pur- 
suant to official transfers in the line of duty to points within and 
without the United States. Ever-changing conditions in the Immi- 
gration Service render it imperative that personnel shall be shifted 
about with considerable frequency. For an officer or employee to be 
forced in the line of duty to move his family and household and per- 
sonal effects, all at his own expense, is absolutely unjust and seriously 
curtails mobility. However, such legislation should be so framed as 
to provide for reimbursement solely upon authorization of the Com- 
missioner General of Immigration, with the approval of the Secretary 
of Labor, where the transfer is made at the request of the employee. 

Sixteenth. That adequate buildings be provided for the care of 
aliens detained in deportation proceedings. At present such aliens 
are largely confined in jails. 

Seventeenth. That legislation be enacted equitably to compensate 
immigrant inspectors required to perform overtime duty in connec- 
tion with the examination of arriving aliens. 

Eighteenth. That a more liberal provision than that afiorded by 
the compensation act be provided for the widows and orphans of 
those in the border patrol killed in line of duty, and that the same 
safeguards be thrown about the members of the border patrol and 
the same immunities extended to them as are accorded any and all 
other Federal law-enforcement officers the performance of whose 
duties involves hazards to life, including the right of trial in Federal 
courts and defense at the hands of United States attorneys. 



48 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOISrER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION" 

Nineteenth. Statistics continue to show that a very substantial 
volume of alien visitors, or nonimmigrants, is admitted each year. 
These aliens are not presumed to stay here permanently, and with 
the careful scrutiny given their cases by the American consuls abroad 
and by administrative officers at the ports of entry, it is doubtful 
that any considerable proportion is abusing the privilege to evade 
the quota. However, the number is sufficiently large to warrant a 
more careful check-up on them than is possible at the present time 
with the force available. To do this work properly, to insure de- 
parture of those who should depart, an additional inspection and 
clerical stafl' is recommended. The efforts of such a staff undoubtedly 
would have a salutary effect as a deterrent and at the same time do 
much to educate the public in a feature of the law that is not clearly 
understood. A system of keeping check on overstayed visitors in 
this country would likewise enable the department more intelligently 
and satisfactorily to pass upon the applications for extensions of 
temporary admission. 

Twentieth. The border patrol should be very substantially aug- 
mented to examine vessels at seaports for aUen stowaways. 

Twenty-first. That Congress sufficiently increase its appropriation 
to the bureau to make possible stricter enforcement of the immigra- 
tion laws, inasmuch as in recent years the immigration question has 
become one of the Nation's greatest problems. The available force 
is doing wonderful work in the enforcement of the present law, but 
naturally a larger force would be in a better position to enforce this 
very popular law. 

Twenty-second. That the Secretary of Labor be authorized to 
permit aliens heretofore or hereafter arrested and deported to apply 
in highly meritorious cases for admission. Under existing law all 
such aliens are permanently banished from the United States, unless 
they were deported prior to March 4, 1929, and prior to that date 
were given permission by the Secretary of Labor to reapply. 

CONCLUSION 

I desire to thank you and the other officials of the department for 
the sympathetic and helpful aid at all times extended. 
Respectfully submitted. 

Harry E. Hull, 

Commissioner General. 



I 



\ 



i 



APPENDIX 



STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION 



15 

5 

49 

)2 
16 



APPENDIX— STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 1 — Aliens admitted, departed, debarred, and deported, and United States 
citizens arrived and departed, years ended June 30, 1929 and 1930, by ports or 
districts 





1929 


Port or district 


Aliens admitted 


United 
States 
citi- 
zens 
arrived 


Aliens 

de- 
barred 


Aliens departed 


United 
States 
citi- 
zens 
de- 
parted 


.\ liens 
de- 




Immi- 
grant 


Non- 
immi- 
grant 


Total 
479, 327 


Emi- 
grant 


Non- 
emi- 
grant 


Total 


ported 
after 
land- 
ing! 


All ports 


279, 678 


199, 649' 


449, 955 


18, 127 


69, 203 


183, 295 


252, 498 


431, 842 


12,908 


Atlantic, total 


169, 062 


161, 408 


330, 470 


402, 745 


1,269 


54, 145 


135,646|189,791 


376, 758 


2,677 


New York, N. Y 


158, 238 

5,002 

76 

50 

2,393 

10 

2 

1,719 


141, 290' 

4, 203: 

233 

57 

5,276 

10 

58 

1,777 


299, 528 

9,205 

309 

107 

7,669 

20 

60 

3,496 


313, 030 

9,201 

262 

137 

14, 081 

42 

24 

1,893 


939 
57 
79 
68 
12 
4 

23 
2 

12 
3 

22 
25 
23 


49, 518 

1,970 

3 


120, 044 

3,453 

23 


169, 562 

5, 423 

26 


299, 066 

7,341 

25 

104 

11,840 

8 

23 

430 


1,839 




165 


Philadelphia, Pa. --- 


191 








1,047 

1 

121 

341 


2,917 
'""§86 


3,964 

1 
121 

727 


18 


Portland, Me 


12 






Providence, R. I 


34 

12 




12 

11 

108 

1,428 

13 


14 

6 

2,383 

6,071 

30 


26 

17 

2,491 

7,499 

43 


316 

22 

23, 778 

39, 746 

213 








2 

19 

21, 863 

36, 013 

24 


45 




1 

80 

1,063 


• 6 
1,903 
6,908 

6 


7 
1,983 
7,971 

6 


17 




31 


Kev West, Fla 


39 


Other Atlantic 


121 


Gulf of Mexico, total.. . 


1,563 


4,407 


5,970 


11,631 


192 


725 


2,893 


3,618 


11, 472 


595 


Tampa, Fla , 


394 

5 

17 

817 

330 


1,148 

4 

96 

2,914 

243 

2 


1,542 

9 

113 

3,731 

573 

2 


806 
3 

124 
9,642 
1,056 


14 

9 

9 

115 

44 
1 


9 


124 


133 


109 

1 

51 

10, 225 

1,086 


37 




6 




11 

387 
318 


35 

2,072 

662 


46 

2,459 

980 


35 






Galveston, Tex . 




Other Gulf 




Pacific, total.. 


4,412 


14, 250 


18, 662 


18, 035 


420 


5,316 


12,964 


18, 280 


18, 459 


582 


San Francisco, Calif , 


2,590 

6 

584 

169 

1,063 


7,646 
6 
2,091 
2,944 
1, 563 


10, 236 
12 
2,675 
3,113 
2,626 


7,530 

8 
2,277 
1,194 
7,026 


184 
8 

120 
61 
47 


2,364 

12 

1,579 

754 
607 


6,125 
32 
1,669 
3,009 
2,129 


8,489 
44 
3,248 
3,763 
2,736 


7,318 

213 

2,190 

1,463 

7,275 


246 
48 


Seattle Wash . . 


125 






Mexican border seaports 




Canadian border, total. 


64, 846] 9, 540 


274, 386 


2 6, 907 


12,788 


2,089 


20, 783 


222, 872 


216, 764 


3,401 




28, 491 4, 593 
7, 468 476 

16, 899 758 
4, 609: 2, 044 
2, 078' 404 


33, 084 
7,944 

17, 657 
6,653 
2,482 
6,566 


2,280 
262 
527 

2,084 

870 
884 


3,065 
1,285 
2,706 
3,468 
961 
1,303 


136 
647 
441 
416 
230 
219 


20, 783 


22, 872 


f 3,482 
3,885 
3,897 
3,226 
1,510 

I 764 










3,401 










Seattle district 


5,301 


1,265 




Mexican border, totaL. 


39, 273 


3,805 


243, 078 


2 1, 290 


3,30fi 


6,537 


4,866 


211,403 


2 699 


5,618 




21, 867 
15, 066 
2,340 


1,728 

1,702 

375 


23, 595 

16, 768 


73e 
45C 


1,210 

1,432 

664 


4,688 

1,514 

335 


\ 4,866 


11, 403 


( 263 
{ 233 
[ 203 








Los Angeles district 


2, 715 104 




Other, total - 


522 


6,239 


6,761 


9,34' 


152 


391 


6,143 


6,534 


7,690 


35 




54 
164 
304 


85 
3,633 
2,521 


139 
3,797 
2, %2t 


4i 
3,97f 
5,32i 


66 
) 2C 

> 6e 


14 
234 
143 


"l,"i06 
2,037 


14 
4,340 
2,180 


3 
3,333 
4,354 


5 















1 These deportees included among aliens departed (except temporary visitors across land border), they 
having entered the United States, legally or illegally, at the ports or districts indicated, and later deportea 
under warrant proceedings. t„,„.ictc 

2 Does not include persons habitually crossing and recrossing the borders, such as commuters, lourisis, 
and visitors. _, 

ol 



52 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 1. — Aliens admitted, departed, debarred, and deported, and United States 
citizens arrived, and departed, years ended June SO, 1929 and 19S0, by ports or 
districts — Continued 





1930 


Port or district 


Aliens admitted 


United 
States 
citizens 
arrived 


Aliens 

de- 
barred 


Aliens departed 


United 
States 
citizens 

de- 
parted 


Aliens 
de- 




Immi- 
grant 


Non- 
immi- 
grant 


Total 


Emi- 
grant 


Non- 
emi- 
grant 


Total 


ported 
after 
land- 
ing 1 


All ports 


241, 700 


204,514 


446, 214 


477, 200 


8,233 


50, 661 


221, 764 


272, 425 


462, 023 


16, 631 






Atlantic, total . 


160, 049 


156,593 


317, 242 


423, 655 


1,318 


36, 119 


170, 408 


206, 527 


404, 390 


2,571 






New York, N. Y 


147, 982 

9,483 

72 

73 


141, 369 

4,323 

261 

57 


289, 351 

13, 806 

333 

130 


326, 914 

31, 132 

1,383 

205 


1,025 

65 

48 

43 

29 

7 

3 

16 

9 

5 

1 

25 

16 

26 


32. 941 

775 
16 

1,198 
2 

1,121 


151, 056 

5,273 

95 

25 

4,183 

26 

709 

2 

3 

11 

2,323 

6,697 

5 


183, 997 

6,048 

111 

32 

5,381 

2 

26 

709 

2 

3 

12 

2,381 

7,818 

5 


320, 141 

9,000 

1,393 

199 

12, 457 

19 

4 

345 

2 

24 

15 

27,212 

33, 549 

24 


1,764 


Boston, Mass.- . 


149 


Pliiladelphia, Pa.. 


. 166 


Baltimore, Md . 


121 


Canadian Atlantic.- 


106 


Portland, Me 


8 

1 

1,511 


35 

14 

1,469 


43 

15 

2,980 


82 

17 

1,845 


17 


New Bedford, Mass 


6 


Providence, R. I 


42 


Newport News, Va 


7 


Norfollv, Va 


9 

11 

228 

1,261 

10 


13 

4 

3,108 

5,904 

36 


22 

15 

3,336 

7,165 

46 


337 

11 

29, 805 

31, 226 

698 


37 


Savannah, Ga 


38 


Miami, Fla 


40 


Kev West, Fla 


29 


Otlier Atlantic. 


49 






Gulf of Mexico, totaL. 


1,387 


4,234 


5,621 


14, 627 


166 


734 


2,639 


3,373 


10, 730 


499 


Tampa, Fla 


293 

1 

26 

765 

301 

1 


1,182 

1 

87 

2,666 

297 

1 


1,475 

2 

113 

3,431 

598 

2 


3,845 

3 

112 

9,626 

1,041 


^2 

11 

116 

18 


10 


134 


144 


128 


20 




8 


Mobile, Ala . 


424 
293 


39 

1,986 

480 


46 

2, 410 

773 


68 
9,492 
1,042 


36 


New Orleans, La - 


225 


Galveston, Tex . --_ 


206 


Otiier Gulf 


4 
















Pacific, total - - 


5,450 


11, 201 


16, 651 


19, 951 


284 


5,693 


15, 591 


21, 284 


22, 829 


594 






San Francisco, Calif 


3,344 

6 

716 


6,818 

3 

2,284 


10, 162 

9 

3,000 


7,812 

16 

2,580 


138 
3 

77 
10 
56 


2,767 
18 

1,279 
948 
681 


7,757 
40 
1,866 
3,025 
2,903 


10, 524 

58 

3,145 

3,973 

3,584 


8,941 
58 
2,425 
1,607 
9, 798 


196 


Portland, Oreg - 


35 


Seattle, Wash. 


186 


Canadian Pacific 


22 


Mexican border seaports 


1,384 


2,096 


3,480 


9,543 


155 


Canadian border, total. 


61,531 


20, 527 


282, 058 


2 9, 134 


4,928 


2,347 


19, 937 


222,284 


2 15,641 


4,190 


Montreal district - 


20, 235 
10, 325 
18, 232 
4,645 
2,059 
6,035 


9,113 
2,244 
4,649 
1,905 
430 
2,186 


29, 348 
12, 569 
22, 881 
6,550 
2,489 
8,221 


2,214 
910 
514 
1,944 
1,614 
1,938 


1,423 

675 
1,103 
455 
592 
680 


173 
637 
900 
308 
2C2 
127 


19, 937 


22, 2S4 


f 3, 937 
3,022 
4,528 
1,998 
1,662 

I 496 




Buffalo district 

Detroit district 

Grand Forks district 

Spokane district -_ . 


4,190 


Seattle district 








Mexican border, total. 


12, 122 


5,851 


217,973 


2 828 


1,452 


5,243 


6,624 


211,867 


2 897 


8,736 


San Antonio district .- 

El Paso district 


6,203 
4,312 
1,607 


3,232 

2,085 

534 


9,435 
6,397 
2,141 


582 
174 
72 


368 
505 
579 


3,495 

1,402 

346 


[ 6,624 


11,867 


( 439 
{ 253 
[ 205 


I 8, 736 


Los Angeles district- 


1 






Other, total 


561 


6,108 


6,669 


9,065 


85 


525 


6,565 


7,090 


7,536 


41 




69 
220 
272 


105 
3,715 

2,288 


174 
3,935 
2,560 


56 
3,686 
5,323 


12 
24 
49 










2 


Hawaii- -.. - 


392 
133 


4,494 
2,071 


4,886 
2,204 


4,102 
3,434 


15 


Porto Rico - - 


24 







> These deportees included among aliens departed (except temporary visitors across land border), they 
having entered the United States, legally or illegally, at the ports or districts indicated, and later deported 
under warrant proceedings. 

2 Does not include person? habitually crossing and recrossing the borders, sucli as commuters, tourists, 
and visitors. 



( 



i 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIOlSrER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 53 

Table 2. — Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, years 
ended Jv,ne 30, 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930, by semiannual periods and months 



Month 



1927 



Admitted 


Departed 




Immi- 
grant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emi- 
grant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


Increase 


335, 175 


202, 826 


538, 001 


73, 366 


180, 142 


253, 508 


284, 493 


175, 955 


112,290 


288, 245 


42, 779 


93, 528 


136, 307 


151,938 


22,283 
29, 286 
35, 297 
34, 528 
30, 756 
23, 805 


16, 096 
20, 467 
25, 680 
22, 059 
16, 185 
11, 803 


38, 379 
49, 753 
60, 977 
56, 587 
46, 941 
35, 608 


7,052 
7,376 
6,634 
5,377 
6,859 
9,481 


17, 970 
15, 410 
16, 392 
13, 803 
13, 078 
16, 875 


25, 022 

22, 786 

23, 026 
19, 180 
19, 937 
26, 356 


13, 357 
26, 967 
37, 951 
37, 407 
27, 004 
9,252 


159, 220 


90, 536 


249, 756 


30, 587 


86, 614 


117,201 


132, 555 


18, 804 
21, 695 
29, 868 
33, 034 
31,819 
24, 000 


9,219 
10, 379 
16, 370 
17,310 
20, 899 
16, 359 


28, 023 
32, 074 
46, 238 
50, 344 
52, 718 
40. 359 


3,928 
3,949 
4,244 
4,185 
6,148 
8,133 


10. 053 

12, 085 

13, 502 
14, 391 
16, 978 
19, 605 


13, 981 

16, 034 

17, 746 

18, 576 
23, 126 
27, 738 


14, 042 
16,040 
28, 492 
31, 768 
29, 592 
12, 621 


1928 


307, 255 


193, 376 


500, 631 


77, 457 


196,899 


274, 356 


226, 275 


164, 665 


106, 474 


271, 139 


44, 535 


107, 136 


151, 671 


119, 468 


23, 420 
28, 418 
31, 000 
31,719 
27, 758 
22, 350 


15, 973 
19, Oil 
25, 619 
21, 578 
13, 841 
10, 452 


39, 393 

47, 429 
56, 619 
53,297 
41, 599 
32, 802 


9,230 
6,322 
7,625 
6, 402 
5,871 
9,085 


18, 509 
17,014 

16. 885 
16, 424 

16. 886 
21,418 


27, 739 

23, 336 

24, 510 
22, 826 
22, 757 
30, 503 


11,654 
24,093 
32, 109 
30, 471 
18, 842 
2,299 


142, 590 


86, 902 


229, 492 


32, 922 


89, 763 


122, 685 


106, 807 


18, 146 
20, 888 
26, 270 
30, 709 
26, 158 
20, 419 


8,579 
10, 393 
14, 348 

17, 982 
17,814 
17, 786 


26, 725 
31, 281 
40, 618 
48, 691 
43, 972 
38, 205 


5,323 
4,708 
4,931 
4,515 
6,240 
7,205 


15, 632 
10, 070 
12, 242 
12, 553 
19, 272 
19, 994 


20, 955 
14, 778 
17, 173 
17, 068 
25, 512 
27, 199 


5,770 
16, 503 
23, 445 
31, 623 
18, 460 
11,006 


1929 


279, 678 


199, 649 


479, 327 


69, 203 


183, 295 


252,498 


226,829 


147, 707 


110,483 


258, 190 


44, 677 


104, 746 


149, 423 


108, 767 


20, 682 
24, 629 
29,317 
29, 917 
24, 805 
18, 357 


15, 976 
18, 620 
26, 397 
24, 797 
14, 480 
10, 213 


36, 658 
43,249 
55, 714 
54, 714 
39,285 
28, 570 


7,804 
0,488 
8,093 
7,479 
6,549 
8,264 


20, 249 
15, 960 
17, 231 
16, 693 
14,611 
20, 002 


28, 053 
22. 448 
25,324 
24, 172 
21, 160 
28, 266 


8,605 
20, 801 
30, 390 
30, 542 
18, 125 
304 


131,971 


89, 166 


221, 137 


24, 526 


78, 549 


103, 075 


118, 062 


17, 806 
17, 254 
20, 145 
28,565 
25, 711 
22, 490 


10, 440 
10, 608 
13, 493 
19, 066 
18, 426 
17, 133 


28, 246 
27, 862 
33, 638 
47, 631 
44, 137 
39, 623 


4,670 
4,154 
2,449 
3,387 
4,985 
4,881 


10, 938 
10, 358 
6,917 
11,733 
17, 781 
20, 822 


15, 608 
14, 512 
9,366 
15, 120 
22, 766 
25, 703 


12, 638 

13, 350 
24, 272 
32, 511 
21,371 
13, 920 



Fiscal year, total 

6 months, total.. 

July 

August _ 

September 

October 

November 

December. 

6 months, total.. 

January 

February.. _ 

March 

April... 

May 

June 



Fiscal year, total 

6 months, total.. 

July 

August 

September. 

October.- 

November 

December 

6 months, total.. 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 



Fiscal year, total 

6 months, total.. 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

6 months, total.. 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May , 

June 



54 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 2. — Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, 
years ended June SO, 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930, by semiannual periods and 
months — Continued 



Month 



1930 



Admitted 



Departed 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi- 
grant 



Total 



Increase 



Fiscal year, total - 
6 months, total. .. 



July 

August 

September. 

October 

November. 
December., 



6 months, total. 



241, 700 



204, 514 



50, 661 



221, 764 



272, 425 



173, 



136, 970 



115, 620 



252, 590 



28, 647 



119, 893 



148, 540 



104, 050 



20, 068 
22, 778 
28,020 
26, 740 

21, 522 
17, 842 



15, 749 
19, 007 
28,517 
26, 072 
14, 798 
11,477 



35,817 
41, 785 
56, 537 
52, 812 
36. 320 
29, 319 



5,086 
5,571 
5,150 
4,907 
3,053 
4,880 



23, 084 
23, 723 
21, 398 
19, 597 
13, 345 
18, 746 



28, 170 
29,294 
26, 548 
24,504 
16, 398 
23, 626 



7,647 
12, 491 
29, 989 
28, 308 
19, 922 

5,693 



104, 730 88, 



193. 624 



22, 014 



101,871 



123. 885 



January 14.767 

February 13,585 

March 1 19,759 

April I 22,261 

Mav -- 19,414 

June I 14,944 

I 



11,142 
10, 706 
15, 098 
18, 663 
17, 526 
15, 759 



25, 909 
24, 291 
34, 867 
40, 924 
36, 940 
30, 703 



3,947 
3,180 
2,900 
3,947 
3,720 
4,320 



20, 860 
14, 677 
12, 759 
14, 917 
17, 694 
20, 964 



24, 807 

17, 857 
15, 659 

18, 864 
21,414 
25,284 



69, 739 

1,102 
6,434 
19, 198 
22, 060 
15, 526 
5,419 



Table 3. — Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, years ended June SO, 1929 and 19S0, by countries 



Country of last or intended future 
permanent residence > 



Aliens admitted 


Aliens departed 
















Increase 














(+)or 


Immi- 


Nonim- 


Total 


Emi- 


Nouemi- 


Total 


decrease 


grant 


migrant 


grant 


grant 


(-) 


279, 678 


199, 649 


479, 327 


69, 203 


183, 295 


252, 498 


-1-226, 829 


158, 598 


45, 019 


203, 617 


47, 281 


41, 780 


89, 061 


-f 114, 556 


329 


5 


334 


87 


11 


98 


-f236 


1,256 


650 


1,906 


446 


423 


869 


4-1,037 


669 


808 


1,477 


538 


616 


1,154 


+323 


215 


58 


273 


78 


31 


109 


-fl64 


4,411 


527 


4,938 


1,689 


602 


2,291 


+2, 647 


204 


13 


217 


13 


6 


19 


+198 


2, 525 


921 


3,446 


486 


722 


1,208 


+2, 238 


141 


25 


166 


36 


15 


51 


+115 


416 


207 


623 


466 


400 


866 


-243 


4,428 


5,116 


9,544 


1,794 


3,778 


5,572 


+3, 972 


46, 751 


6,706 


53,457 


6,330 


5,881 


12, 211 


+41, 246 


8,008 


15, 621 


23, 629 


6,058 


17, 220 


23, 278 


+351 


2,249 


287 


2,536 


41 


67 


108 


+2, 428 


11, 892 


2,303 


14, 195 


1,651 


1,652 


3,303 


+10, 892 


1,427 


341 


1,768 


56 


113 


169 


+1, 599 


2,266 


181 


2,447 


1,736 


221 


1,957 


+490 


1,045 


380 


1,425 


761 


289 


1,050 


+375 


17, 672 


633 


18,305 


1,452 


965 


2,417 


+15, 888 


18, 008 


2,558 


20, 566 


12, 311 


2,339 


14, 650 


+5,916 


334 


58 


392 


39 


33 


72 


+320 


625 


108 


733 


257 


49 


306 


+427 


112 


24 


136 


10 


23 


33 


+103 


1,742 


1,286 


- 3, 028 


466 


1,075 


1,541 


+1,487 


6, 977 


1,620 


7, .597 


963 


931 


1,894 


+5, 703 


9,002 


581 


9,583 


2,273 


589 


2,862 


+6, 721 


623 


98 


721 


1,919 


231 


2,150 


-1,429 


1,707 


201 


1,908 


718 


211 


929 


+979 



All countries. 



Europe, total. 



Albania _ 

Austria , 

Belgium 

Bulgaria , 

Czechoslovakia 

Danzig, Free City of. 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France, including Corsica 

Germany 

Great Britain and Northern Ireland: 

England 

Northern Ireland 

Scotland 

Wales 

Greece-- 

Hungary 

Irish Free State 

Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia... 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Luxemburg. 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal, including Azores, Cape 

Verde, and Madeira Islands 

Rumania 



• Residence of a year or more is regarded as permanent residence. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 55 



Table 3 — Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, years ended June 30, 1929 and 1930, by cown^nes— Continued 



1929 



Country of last or intended future 
permanent residence 



Aliens admitted 



Russia 

Spain, including Canary and Balearic 

Islands 

Sweden... 

Switzerland 

Turkey in Europe... .- 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 2 



Asia, total. 



Armenia 

China 

India 

Japan... _. 

Palestine 

Persia 

Syria 

Turkey in Asia. 
Other Asia ' 



Immi- 
grant 



547 
8,877 
2,140 

231 
1,369 

466 



3,758 



America, total. 



Canada 

Newfoundland 

Mexico 

Cuba 

Other West Indies 

British Honduras 

Other Central America. 
Brazil 

Other South America... 

United States < 

Other America ^ 



13 

1,446 

103 

771 

600 

37 
469 

57 
262 



116, 177 



Nonim- 
migrant 



547 

757 
1,175 

981 
91 
94 
58 



6,820 



3 

3,294 

435 

2,627 

181 

23 

62 

25 

170 



Total 



1,481 

1,304 

10, 052 

3,121 

322 

1,463 

524 



10, 578 



64, 440 

2,011 

40, 154 

3,026 

1,280 

65 

1,492 

914 

2,789 



Others, total. 



Egypt 

Other Africa 

Australia, including Papua, Tasma- 
nia, and appertaining islands 

New Zealand, including appertaining 
islands 

Other Pacific Islands' 



All coun tries - 



Europe, total . 



Albania 

Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Danzig, Free City of 

Denmark — 

Estonia 

Finland 

France, including Corsica. 



1,145 



264 
245 



448 



171 
17 



142, 008 



16 

4,740 

538 

3,398 

781 

60 

531 

82 

432 



Aliens departed 



Emi- Nonemi- 
grant | grant 



314 

1,159 

975 

580 

11 

1,524 

44 



5,056 



258, 185 



14,924 , 

465 

4,307 

8,681 

4, 956 

121 

2, 555 

548 

3,786 

101, 637 

28 



5,802 



194 
593 



3,642 



1,254 
119 



79, 364 

2,476 

44, 461 

11,707 

6,230 

186 

4,047 

1,462 

6,575 

101, 637 

34 



13 

3,626 

151 

945 

62 

20 

154 

47 

38 



305 

881 

1,102 

730 

7 

217 

45 



5,188 



2 

2,661 

238 

1,975 

82 

18 

76 

46 

90 



Total 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



619 

2,040 
2,077 
1,310 
18 
1,741 



10,244 



16, 324 



2,706 

412 

7,195 

1,717 

1,948 

11 

725 

237 

1,373 



6,947 



458 



4,090 

1,425 
136 



542 



56 
112 



131,932 



15 

6,287 

389 

2,920 

144 

38 

230 

93 

128 



+862 

-736 
4-7, 975 
+1.811 
+304 
-278 
+435 



+334 



+1 

-1,547 

+149 

+478 

+637 

+22 

+301 

-11 

+304 



148, 256 



27, 821 

487 

5,104 

9,382 

4,880 

116 

2, -648 

348 

3,192 

77, 953 

1 



99 
338 



2,872 



1,012 

74 



30, 527 

899 

12, 299 

11, 099 

6,828 

127 

3,373 

585 

4,565 

77, 953 

1 



4,937 



155 
450 



1,099 

87 



+109, 929 



+48, 837 

+1,577 

+32, 162 

+608 

-592 

+59 

+674 

+877 

+2, 010 

+23, 684 

+33 



+2, 010 



+303 

+388 



+944 



+326 
+49 



1930 



241, 700 

147.438 



341 

1,744 
909 
211 

4,438 
142 

1,161 
132 
525 

3,713 



204, 514 
51.058 



13 

■ 873 

758 

63 

548 

26 

1,132 

27 

658 

5,637 

8,119 



446, 214 
198, 496 



354 
2,.617 
1,667 

274 
4,986 

168 
2,293 

159 
1,183 
9,350 
34, 688 



50, 661 

29,538 



33 
301 



221, 764 
42, 544 



3 

487 
617 



84 


35 


1,166 


437 


17 


17 


305 


895 


27 


22 


274 


381 


1,978 


4,034 


4,639 


6,253 



272, 425 



72, 082 



36 

788 

1,106 

119 

1,603 

34 

1,200 

49 

655 

6,012 

10, 892 



+173, 789 



+126,414 



+318 

+1, 829 
+561 
+155 

+3, 383 
+134 

+1, 093 
+110 
+528 

+3, 338 
+23, 796 



Germany ' 26,569 

2 Comprises Andorra, Gibraltar, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Malta Monaco, and San Marino 

3 Includes Afghanistan, Arabia, Bhutan, Iraq (Mesopotamia), Muscat, Nepal, Siam, Sibeiia, and Asia, 

°°*<'Unifed 'states" under nonimmigrants covers aliens returning to this comtry to [efume residence 
therein after a temporarv stay abroad, and under nonemigrants covers aliens departing for a visit abroaa 
with the intention of returning within 1 year to renew permanent residence m this countiy. 
« Comprises Greenland and the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. ■« ^ ,, 

6 Comprises Nauru, New Guinea, Samoa, Yap, and "Pacific islands, not specified. 



56 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION" 



Table 3. — Net increase or decrease of population, by admission and departure of 
aliens, years ended June SO, 1929 and 1930, by countries — Continued 



Country of last or intended future 
permanent residence 



1930 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi- 
grant 



Total 



Great Britain and Northern Ireland: 

England _ 

Northern Ireland 

Scotland 

Wales 

Greece 

Hungary 

Irish Free State., 

Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia... 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Luxemburg 

Netherlands 

Norway.. 

Poland 

Portugal, including Azores, Cape 

Verde, and Madeira Islands 

Rumania 

Russia 

Spain, including Canary and Balearic 

Islands 

Sweden 

Switzerland.- 

Turkey in Europe 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe ^ 



Asia, total. 



Armenia 

China 

India 

Japan 

Palestine 

Persia 

Syria 

Turkey in Asia. 
Other Asia ^ 



America, total. 



Canada 

Newfoundland 

Mexico 

Cuba 

Other West Indies 

British Honduras 

Other Central America. 
Brazil 

Other South .\merica..- 

United States <... 

Other America «... 



Others, total. 



Egypt... 

Other Africa 

Australia, including Papua, Tas- 
mania, and appertaining islands 

New Zealand, including appertaining 
Islands 

Other Pacific islands ' 



12,884 

5,474 

16, 692 

1,439 

2,291 

1,265 

17,971 

22, 327 

370 

612 

121 

2,738 

2,649 

9,231 

637 
1,726 
1,133 

670 
3,109 
1,689 

222 
1,737 

566 



4,535 



110 
837 
702 
33 
497 
105 
049 



88, 104 



63, 502 

1,752 

12, 703 

3,132 

2,093 

42 

1, 576 

656 

2,646 



277 
295 



790 



236 
25 



16, 071 

336 

2,485 

326 

286 

580 

593 

3,177 

79 

93 

25 

1,439 

1,620 

626 



252 
1,781 

776 
1,175 
1,119 
95 
149 
32 



28,955 

5,810 

19, 177 

1,765 

2,577 

1,845 

18, 564 

25, 504 

449 

705 

146 

4,177 

4,269 

9,857 

726 
1,978 
2,914 

1,446 
4,284 
2,808 

317 
1,886 

598 



4,055 

321 

1,589 

105 

733 

550 

1,242 

2,654 

33 

169 

17 

476 

1,085 

1,979 

255 
508 
256 

1, 231 

1,113 

465 

5 

1,302 

82 



15,414 

395 

2,824 

289 

220 

312 

1,038 

1,499 

38 

49 

23 

1,496 

1,105 

667 

107 
233 
498 

810 
1,249 
746 
7 
305 
39 



19, 469 

716 

4, 413 

394 

953 

862 

2,280 

4,153 

71 

218 

40 

1,972 

2,190 

2,646 

362 

741 
754 

2,041 
2,362 
1,211 
12 
1,607 
121 



6,861 I 11,396 I 4,792 



6,012 



10, 804 



5 

3,383 

460 

2,583 

194 

25 

52 

39 

120 



141, 894 



15, 940 

493 

4,859 

8,787 

5,052 

104 

2,272 

528 

3,997 

99, 832 

30 



4,701 



110 
602 



1,052 
119 



18 

4,972 

570 

3,420 

896 

58 

549 

144 

769 



5 
3,471 
121 
1,035 
46 
14 
35 
19 
46 



5 

3,413 

332 

2,001 

58 

20 

46 

43 

94 



10 

6,884 

453 

3,036 

104 

34 

81 

62 

140 



229,998 ' 15,773 



168, 434 



184, 207 



79, 442 
2,245 

17, 562 

11,919 
7,145 
146 
3,848 
1,184 
6,643 

99, 832 
32 



6,324 



387 

897 



3,608 



1,288 
144 



3,142 

87 

6, 355 

1,797 

1,780 

21 

848 

288 

1,454 



28, 050 

349 

6,083 

9,553 

5,209 

128 

2,617 

525 

3,771 

112, 144 

5 



31, 192 

436 

12, 438 

11, 350 

6,989 

149 

3,465 

813 

5,225 

112, 144 

6 



558 



4,774 I 5,332 



39 
141 



239 



119 
20 



91 
420 



130 
561 



3,067 i 3,306 



1,096 
100 



1,215 
120 



2 Comprises Andorra, Gibraltar, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, and San Marino. 

3 Includes Afghanistan, Arabia, Bhutan, Iraq (Mesopotamia), Muscat, Nepal, Siam, Siberia, and "Asia, 
not specified." 

< "United States" under nonimmigrants covers aliens retiuning to this country to resume residence 
therein after a temporary stay abroad, and under nonemigrants covers aliens departing for a visit abroad 
with the intention of returning within 1 year to renew permanent residence in this country. 

5 Comprises Greenland and the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. 

' Comprises Nauru, New Guinea, Samoa, Yap, and "Pacific islands, not specified." 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 57 

Table 4.- — Net increase or decrease of populalion, by admission and departure of 
aliens, year ended June 30, 1930, by race or people, sex, and age periods 



Race or people 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi- 
grant 



Total 



Increase 

(+)or 

decrease 

(-) 



Total. 



241, 700 



204, 514 



446, 214 



50, 661 



221, 764 



272, 425 



A f riean (black) 

Armenian 

Bohemian and Moravian (Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, and Montenegrin 

Chinese 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and Herzego- 

vinian 

Dutch and Flemish 

East Indian 

English 

Finnish 

French 

German 

Greek 

Hebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south) 

Japanese 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Magyar 

Mexican 

Paciflc Islander 

Polish 

Portuguese 

Rumanian 

Russian 



Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, 

and Swedes) 

Scotch... 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Svrian 

Turkish 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban) 

Other peoples 



Male... 
Femule. 



Under 16 years 

16 to 21 years 

22 to 29 years 

30 to 37 years 

38 to 44 years 

45 years and over. 



1. 806 
790 
653 
744 
970 
1,314 
2,122 

108 

4,713 

51 

34, 960 

556 

13, 771 

3-1.415 

3,793 

11, 520 

34, 947 

2,822 

20, 494 

796 

27 

426 

1,542 

11,915 



4,924 
780 
432 

1, 634 
473 

8,478 

28, 1 17 

3,214 

1,169 

3,237 

637 

175 

2,043 

600 

526 



117, 026 
124, 674 



40, 777 
57, 736 
71, 570 
32, 043 
15, 710 
23, 864 



2,726 
199 
665 
812 

7,144 
576 

6, 518 

195 

3,912 

185 

41, 243 

1,948 

10, 059 

30, 074 

2,221 

3,699 

8,519 

4,133 

15, 359 

7,423 

67 

409 

1,800 

4,971 

6 

2,836 

2,479 

667 

2,860 

137 

12, 161 

12, 441 

1, 581 

5,781 

4,904 

659 

148 

848 

1,649 

500 



119, 259 
85, 255 



9,746 
11,344 
48, 558 
46, 593 
36, 971 
51, 302 



4, 532 

989 

1,318 

1, 556 
8,114 
1,890 
8,640 

303 

8,625 

236 

76, 203 

2, 504 
23, 830 
64, 489 

6,014 

15,225 

43, 166 

6,955 

35, 853 

8,219 

94 

835 

3, 342 
16, 886 

6 
7,760 
3, 259 
1,099 
4,494 
610 

20, 639 
40, 558 
4,795 
6,950 
8,141 
1,296 
323 
2,891 
2,249 
1,026 



236, 285 
209, 929 



50, 523 
69, 080 
120, 128 
78, 636 
52, 681 
75, 166 



57 
574 
846 

3,404 
280 

1,274 

119 

998 

65 

6,461 
331 

1,945 

5,732 
785 
299 

1,940 
755 

2,206 

1,004 

33 

194 

668 

6,290 

1,924 

336 

429 

472 

12 

2.775 

2,210 

758 

1,776 

1,741 

81 

26 

180 

737 

1,55 



32, 565 
18, 096 



3,479 
3,530 
13, 001 
11, 002 
6,666 
12, 983 



1,782 
170 
1,091 
1,223 
6,138 
621 
7,221 

663 

4,475 

149 

48, 551 

2,102 

9,626 

28, 076 

3,409 

1,911 

9,371 

5, 012 

19, 346 

9,331 

77 

673 

1,568 

5,200 

55 

4,132 

3, 548 

1,031 

1,710 

131 

14, 0.53 

12, 045 

2,144 

6,099 

4,810 

617 

141 

831 

2,095 

536 



134, 090 
87, 674 



11,533 
11, 591 
52, 007 
52, 896 
36, 336 
57, 401 



2,558 
227 

1,665 
2,069 
9,542 
901 
8,495 

782 

5, 473 

214 

5.5, 012 

2,433 

11,571 

33, 808 

4,194 

2,210 

11,311 

5,767 

21. 5,52 

10, 335 

110 

867 

2, 236 

11,496 

62 

6,056 

3,884 

1,460 

2,182 

143 

16, 828 

14, 255 

2,902 

7,875 

6, 551 

698 

167 

1,011 

2,832 

691 



166, 655 
105, 770 



15, 012 
15, 121 
65. 008 
63, 898 
43. 002 
70, 384 



+173, : 



+ 1,974 
+762 
-347 
-513 

-1,428 
+989 
+145 

-479 

+3, 1.52 

+22 

+21, 191 

+71 

+12, 259 

+30, 681 

+1,820 

+13, 015 

+32, 155 

+1, 188 

+14, 301 

-2, 116 

-16 

-32 

+1, 106 

+5, 390 

-56 

+1, 704 

-625 

-361 

+2, 312 

+467 

+3,811 
+26, 303 

+ 1,893 
-925 

+1, 590 
+598 
+I.'i6 

+ 1,880 
-583 
+335 



+09, 630 
+104, 159 



+35,511 
+53, 959 
+55, 120 
+14, 738 
+9, 679 
+4, 782 



15597—30- 



58 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 5.— Intended future permanent residence of aliens admitted and last per- 
manent residence of aliens departed, year ended June 30, 1930, by States and 
Territories ' 



State or Territory 



Total. 



Aliens admitted 



Aliens departed 



Immi- 
grant 



241, 700 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia- 
Florida -.. 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa. 



Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi.. 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire. 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina.. 
North Dakota... 
Ohio. 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania. 

Philippine Islands 

Porto Rico 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Virgin Islands 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Outside United States. 



147 

83 

1,055 

110 

15, 600 

422 

5,476 

243 

822 

1,067 

180 

209 

325 

15,012 

1,728 

920 

353 

200 

593 

3, 075 

869 

18, 127 

22, 149 

1,823 

136 

1,208 

789 

469 

120 

1,294 

16,510 

300 

84, 734 

237 

474 

7,813 

207 

1,244 

15, 906 

3 

167 

2,154 

58 

340 

109 

6,424 

636 

1,262 

344 

11 

4,421 

451 

3,123 

168 



Nonim- 
migrant 



204, 514 



Total 



Emi- 
grant 



446,214 i 50,661 



Nonemi- 
grant 



93 

15 

127 

49 

6,361 

159 

2,325 

85 

573 

1,844 

141 

2,070 

101 

5,659 

621 

242 

79 

85 

360 

114 

450 

5, 313 

5,035 

386 

82 

495 

109 

162 

46 

90 

7,642 

62 

42,215 

119 

56 

3,117 

42 

392 

6,280 

1 

647 

776 

32 

78 

66 

2,229 

151 

56 

210 

11 

1,175 

240 

896 

62 

104, 688 



240 

98 

1,182 

159 

21,961 

581 

7,801 

328 

1,395 

2,911 

321 

2,279 

426 

20, 671 

2,349 

1,162 

432 

285 

953 

3,189 

1,319 

23, 440 

27, 184 

2,209 

218 

1,703 

898 

631 

166 

1, 384 

24, 152 

362 

126, 949 

356 

530 

10, 930 

249 

1,636 

22, 186 

4 

814 

2,930 

90 

418 

175 

8,653 

787 

1,318 

554 

22 

5,596 

691 

4,019 

230 

104, 688 



52 

9 

498 

12 

4,685 

140 

588 

24 

323 

867 

100 

391 

71 

2,541 

307 

95 

111 

25 

296 

48 

163 

1,627 

3,021 

227 

54 

215 

135 

55 

45 

22 

2,255 

138 

20, 978 

43 

48 

1,493 

21 

346 

2,617 



125 

163 

11 

50 

21 

4,083 

83 

29 

80 

1 

808 

110 

358 

53 



62 

21 

128 

17 

7,628 

178 

2,388 

63 

471 

1,078 

75 

3,001 

92 

7,264 

672 

290 

79 

68 

187 

171 

419 

5,941 

6,032 

515 

101 

405 

139 

182 

100 

98 

6,662 

58 

49, 707 

97 

64 

3,469 

44 

384 

6,902 

15 

697 

813 

30 

53 

66 

2,148 

197 

63 

189 

6 

1,085 

302 

1,155 

73 

109, 620 



Total 



272, 425 



114 
30 

626 

29 

12, 313 

318 

2,976 

87 

794 

1,945 

175 

3,392 

163 

9,805 

979 

385 

190 

93 

483 

219 

582 

7,568 

9,053 

742 

155 

620 

274 

237 

145 

120 

8,917 

196 

70, 685 

140 

112 

4,962 

65 

730 

9,519 

15 

822 

976 

41 

103 

87 

6, 231 

2S0 

92 

269 

7 

1, 893 

412 

1,513 

126 

109, 620 



Residence of a year or more is regarded as permanent residence. 



Table 6. — Occupations of aliens admitted and departed, year ended Jiine 30, 1930, 

by classes 





Aliens admitted 


Aliens departed 


Occupation 


Immi- 
grant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emi- 
grant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


All occupations .... 


241. 700 


204. 514 


446, 214 


50, 661 


221, 764 


272, 425 






Professional, total.. 


9,888 

256 
204 
8P3 
41 
922 
1,584 


25, 580 

2,129 
644 

1,640 
185 
552 

5, 618 


35, 468 


2,784 


19. 157 


21. 941 








2,385 
848 

2, 533 
226 

1,474 

T,r02 


162 
89 

282 
12 

143 

440 


1,120 
598 

1.580 
94 
435 

3,588 


1,282 


Architects . . 


687 


C lergy 


1,862 


Editors 


106 


Electricians . . . .. 


578 


Engineers (professional) . 


4,028 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIGN-ER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 59 



Table 6.- 



-Occupations of aliens admitted and departed, year ended June SO, 1930, 
by classes — Continued 



Occupation 



Aliens admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



Aliens departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonemi- 
grant 



Total 



Lawj'ers 

Literary and scientific persons. 

Musicians 

Oflicials (Government) 

Physicians .- 

Sculptors and artists.. 

Teachers 

Other professional 



Skilled, total. 



Bakers 

Barbers and hairdressers 

Blacksmiths 

Bookbinders 

Brewers 

Butchers. 

Cabinetmakers... 

Carpenters and joiners..- 

Cigarette makers 

Cigar makers 

Cigar packers 

Clerks and accountants -. 

Dressmakers 

Kngineers (locomotive, marine, and sta- 
tionary) 

Furriers and fur workers.. 

Gardeners 

Hat and cap makers '. 

Iron and steel workers 

Jewelers 

Locksmiths 

Machinists 

Mariners 

Masons 

Mechanics (not specified) 

Metal workers (other than iron, steel, and 

tin) 

Millers 

Milliners 

Miners 

Painters and glaziers 

Pattern makers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers 

Saiiillers and harness makers 

Seamstresses 

Shoemakers 

Stokers 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

Tanners and curriers 

Textile workers (not specified) 

Tinners 

Tobacco workers 

Upholsterers 

^^■atch and clock makers 

Weavers and spinners 

Wheelwrights 

Woodworkers (not specified) 

Other skilled 



141 

381 

443 

514 

390 

78 

1,792 

2,249 



45, 572 



1,083 

998 

411 

74 

8 

824 

167 

2,616 

5 

83 

17 

12, 559 

1,277 

585 
144 
610 
48 

1,380 
101 
885 

1,802 

1,146 
786 

2,555 

309 
208 
240 

1,634 

1,193 
78 
133 
178 
550 
432 
47 
617 
705 
111 
100 

1,307 

37 

400 

158 

11 

121 

148 

850 

7 

175 

5,659 



919 
1, 544 

671 
3,204 
1,518 

419 
3.716 
2,821 



31,047 



728 

727 

166 

27 

17 

409 

79 

2,188 

2 

324 

54 

8,550 

749 

830 

119 

491 

20 

680 

147 

473 

1,080 

2,566 

759 

1,661 

117 

58 

178 

565 

905 

30 

113 

82 

222 

278 

31 

256 

512 

152 

97 

646 

20 

94 

94 

33 

64 

110 

292 

5 

113 

3,134 



1,060 
1,925 
1,114 
3,718 
1,908 
497 
5,508 
5,070 



57 
139 
129 
240 
176 
138 
415 
362 



975 
623 
1,592 
1,702 
654 
3,160 
2,097 



76, 619 



7,909 



1,811 

1,725 

577 

101 

25 

1,233 

246 

4,804 

7 

407 

71 

21, 109 

2,026 

1, 415 

263 

1.101 

68 

2,060 

248 

1,358 

2,882 

3,712 

1,545 

4,216 

426 
266 
418 

2,199 

2,098 
108 
246 
260 
772 
710 
78 
873 

1,217 
263 
197 

1,953 
57 
494 
252 
44 
185 
258 

1,142 

12 

288 

8,793 



229 

178 

75 

8 

2 

154 

63 

708 

1 

214 

5 

1,543 

187 

342 

33 

119 

4 

118 

37 

29 

434 

600 

164 

503 

26 
28 
22 

336 

263 
17 
17 
37 
67 
72 
1 
36 

116 
40 
12 

175 
28 
37 
16 



Miscellaneous, total-. 80,646 78, 586 | 159.232 



Agents 

Bankers 

Draymen, hackmen, and teamsters. 

Farmers 

Farm laborers 

Fishermen 

Hotel keepers 

Laborers 

Manufacturers 

Merchants and dealers 

Servants 

Other miscellaneous. . 



No occupation (including women and 
children) 



1,855 

123 

1,104 

8,375 

13, 736 

1,023 

98 

16, 447 

329 

2,732 

29, 073 

5,751 



105, 594 



4,214 

1,495 

465 

4,128 

3,554 

462 

591 

18, 920 

1,486 

16, 585 

17, 337 

9,349 



6,069 

1,618 

1,569 

12, 503 

17, 290 

1,485 

689 

35, 367 

1.815 

19. 317 

46,410 

15, 100 



16 

17 

91 

2 

22 
665 



22, 666 



476 

118 

58 

1,311 

389 

48 

141 

12, 157 

72 

1,794 

3,992 

2,110 



69,301 



174,895 17,302 77,289 



30, 542 



4,776 



3,871 

1,639 

213 

4,757 

1,336 

414 

293 

34, 339 

1,401 

16, 567 

16, 700 

13. 246 



1,114 

752 
1,832 
1,878 

792 
3.575 
2,459 



38, 451 



796 
284 

40 

14 

594 

345 

3,221 

15 
491 

19 

9,819 

821 

2,408 
154 
715 
16 
515 
235 
104 

2,002 

3,047 
769 

2,062 

110 

111 

134 

1,168 

1,191 

78 

92 

167 

245 

321 

14 

166 

474 

128 

90 

818 

120 

95 

80 

11 

93 

80 

357 

6 

74 

2,776 



117. 442 



4,347 

1,757 

271 

6,068 

1,725 

462 

434 

46, 496 

1,473 

18, 361 

20, 692 

15, 356 



94, 591 



60 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 



5 > 

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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 61 



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63 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



■2.9 <o^ 
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REPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 67 



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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 69 



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70 REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 17. — Emigrant aliens departed, year ended June 30, 1930, by race or 
people, sex, and conjugal condition 

[For total, by race, see Table 18] 





Conjugal condition 


Race or people 


Male 


Female 




Total 


Single 


Mar- 
ried 


Wid- 
owed 


Di- 
vorced 


Total 


Single 


Mar- 
ried 


Wid- 
owed 


Di- 
vorced 


Total --- 


32, 565 


15, 672 


16, 166 


692 


35 


18,096 


7,623 


9,076 


1,363 


34 






African (black) . . .. 


283 
38 

407 

671 

3,036 

239 

849 

73 

622 

62 

3,459 

197 

1,047 

2,990 

642 

183 

1,088 

591 

1,748 

733 

26 

114 

412 

4,241 

3 

1,375 

231 

285 

326 

11 

1,667 

1,221 

595 

1,430 

1,053 

57 

20 

116 

261 

113 


131 
21 

87 

206 
823 
49 
530 

36 

316 

39 

1,712 

96 

515 

1,853 

248 

78 

708 

214 

510 

269 

14 

39 

116 

2,883 

2 

358 

105 

75 

103 

1 

1,023 
576 
133 
747 
768 

33 
9 

52 
130 

64 


147 
17 

304 

453 

2,242 

181 

311 

33 

294 

23 

1,666 

94 

509 

1,0S7 

387 

97 

360 

367 

1,186 

450 

11 

71 

279 

1,221 

1 

963 

117 

204 

215 

8 

607 

610 

443 

663 

278 

22 

10 

56 

130 

49 


5 




493 
19 

167 

175 

318 

41 

425 

46 

376 

3 

3,002 

134 

898 

2,742 

143 

116 

852 

164 

458 

271 

7 

80 

256 

2,055 

4 

549 

105 

144 

146 

1 

1,108 
989 
163 
346 
688 

24 
6 

64 
476 

42 


218 
4 

65 

44 

89 

7 

185 

24 

118 

1 

1,346 

59 

•387 

1,297 

17 

33 

552 

25 

88 

65 

2 

20 

77 

879 

3 

107 

31 

34 

42 


252 
13 

86 

115 

222 

31 

212 

18 

241 

2 

1,419 

68 

454 

1,265 

113 

69 

260 

125 

306 

198 

5 

64 

141 

957 

1 

356 

62 

104 

90 


21 
2 

16 

16 
7 
3 

26 

4 
16 


2 






Hohemian and Moravian 
.j(Czeeh) 


16 

12 
21 
9 
8 

4 
11 


r 




Bulgarian, Serbian, and Mon- 








Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 


2 


Dalmatian, Bosnian, andHer- 




Dutch and Flemish 


1 






English 


72 
6 
22 
45 
7 
8 

20 
10 
51 
13 
1 
4 
16 
134 


9 

1 
1 

5 

i" 

1 

-. 
3 


231 

7 

65 

178 
13 
14 
40 
14 
64 
8 


6 








.) 




2 














Italian (north) .. _. . . . 




Italian (south) . 












Lithuanian - . 


6 
36 
209 




Magvar - - 


2 


Mexican - 


10 






Polish 


53 
8 
6 
7 
2 

36 
33 
17 

18 
7 
1 
1 
7 
1 


1 
1 

i' 

1 

2 
2 
2 
.. 

.. 


85 
12 
6 
14 

1 

80 
88 
15 
18 
31 
5 


1 


Portuguese 












Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, 

Danes, and Swedes) 

Scotch 




556 
447 

47 
149 
348 

12 
3 

24 
207 

11 


470 

452 

101 

. 179 

308 

7 

3 

37 

250 

30 


2 

2 


Slovak- 








Spanish American- 


1 






Turkish 




Welsh 


3 
19 




West Indian (except Cuban).. 


1 











REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 71 

Table 18. — Emigrant aliens departed, year ended June SO, 1930, by race or 
people and length of residence in the United States 

[For total race, by sex, see Table 16) 



Race or people 


Num- 
ber de- 
parted 


Length of residence 


in the United States 


1 to5 
years 


5 to 10 
years 


10 to 15 
years 


15 to 20 
years 


20 to 25 
years 


25 years 
and over 


Total . 


50,661 


32, 372 


10,204 

299 

15 
111 
149 
985 

44 
153 

33 
200 

13 
1,402 

72 
277 
706 
162 

61 
316 
205 
539 
217 
4 

21 

133 

1,137 


2,592 


2,568 


1,285 


1,640 






776 

57 

574 

846 

3,404 
280 

1,274 

119 

998 

65 

6,461 
331 

1,945 

5,732 
785 
299 

1,940 
755 

2,206 

1,004 
33 
194 
668 

6,296 
7 

1,924 

336 

429 

472 

12 

2,775 

2,210 

758 

1,776 

1,741 

81 

26 

180 

737 

155 


369 

30 

342 

418 

991 

145 

1,029 

71 

700 

30 

4,461 

176 

1,476 

4,666 

326 

192 

1,366 

432 

1.235 

532 

12 

66 

327 

4,614 

7 

857 

176 

224 

247 

3 

1,921 

1,438 

401 

983 

1,424 

39 

17 

115 

419 

95 


60 

3 

24 

77 

307 
15 
44 
4 
34 
4 

zOl 
31 
64 
73 

114 
16 
65 
24 

121 

107 

8 

19 

39 

320 


24 

8 

59 

129 

209 

42 

25 

6 

34 

11 

189 

31 

52 

125 

107 

20 

72 

51 

142 

't 
51 
99 
142 


15 

1 
22 
60 
144 
26 
15 

3 
18 

7 
88 
13 
38 
69 
59 

5 
57 
27 
98 
56 

5 
25 
42 
47 


9 








16 


Bulgarian, Serbian, and Montenegrin 


13 

768 




8 


Cuban 


8 


Dalmatian, Bosnian, and Herzegovinian 


2 
12 








120 




8 




38 




93 


Greek 


17 




5 




64 


Italian (north) 


16 


Italian (south) 


71 




58 




3 




12 




28 


Mexican 


36 






Polish . 


261 

98 

78 

71 

3 

559 
577 
185 
554 
241 

17 
5 

49 
223 

29 


224 

27 

35 

63 

1 

79 

88' 

32 

142 

50 

4 

3 

3 

60 

7 


381 

22 

69 

73 

4 

98 

58 

81 

53 

20 

15 

1 

5 

19 

6 


127 

7 

19 

14 

51 
31 
34 
32 
4 
3 


74 




6 


Rumanian . . 


4 




4 




1 


Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, and 


67 


Scotch 


18 


Slovak -- 


25 




12 




2 




3 


Turkish 




Welsh 


6 
12 
5 


2 


West Indian (except Cuban) 


4 




13 







72 REPORT OF ^HE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 

Table 19 

pe 

[For total race, by sex, see Table 46] 



Nonemigrant aliens departed, year ended June SO, 1930, hy race or 
people, age, and conjugal condition 



Race or people 



Num- 
ber de- 
parted 



Total. 



African (black) 

Armenian 

Bohemian and Mora- 
vian (Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, 
and Montenegrin— - 

Chinase 

Croatian and Slove- 
nian.. 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, 

and Herzegovinian.. 

Dutch and Flemish.. 

East Indian 

English 

Finnish... 

French 

German . 

Greek- 

Hebrew.. 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south) 

Japanese.. 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Magyar. 

Mexican 

Pacific Islander..-. 

Polish 

Portuguese. 

Rumanian.. 

Russian 

Ruthenian (Russniak). 
Scandinavian (Norwe- 
gians, Danes, and 

Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian. 

Turkish... 

Welsh i;; 

West Indian (except 

Cuban) 

Other peoples 



221, 764 



1,782 
J70i 

1,091 

1,223 
6, 138 

621 
7,221 

663 

4,475 

149 

48, 551 

2,102 

9,626 

28, 076 

3,409 

1,911 

9, 371 

5,012 

19, 346 

9,331 

77! 

673, 

1, 568 

5,200 

55 

4,132 

3,548 

1,031 

1,710 

131, 



14, 053 

12,045 

2,144 

6,099 

4,810 

617; 

141 

831 

2,095 
536 



Under 

16 
years 



11,533 



60 

33 
300 

32 

748 

13 

271 

2 

2,993 

58 

434 

1,086 

92 

128 

402 

265 

831 

188 

3 

13 

58 

483 

2 

154 

76 

39 

68 

13 



447 
866 

77 
297 
556 

77 
6 

47 

216 



16 to I 22 to 

21 29 

years years 



11,591 52,007 



24 
459 

17 
879 

18 

191 

9 

2,603 

87 

535 

1,543 

84 

183 

501 

154 

419 

283 

2 

14 

50 

568 

7 

101 

81 

33 

63 

19 



677 
668 

38 
312 
585 

32 
7 

49 

210 
13 



526 
36 

221 

176 
1,434 

74 
1,843 

170 

849 

30 

9,598 

523 

2,202 

10, 035 

548 

509 

3,098 

809 

2,669 

1,523 

12, 

61! 

258j 

1, 490 

12 

512 

900! 

160^ 

305 

21 



4, 536 
2,772 

407 
1, 375' 
1, 195| 

190| 
45 

185 

547 
148 



30 to 

37 
years 



52, 896 



467 
36 



305 
339 



161 
1,381 

166 

1,025 

40 

9, 459 

685 

2,212 

6,44 

932 

355 

2,067 

1,385 

5,817 

2.210 

27 

149 

426 

1,004 

11 

1,080 

1,239 

262 

453 

39 



3,819 
2, 751 

666 
1,877 
1.012 

119 
32 

173 

434 
165 



38 to 

44 
years 



36. 336 



45 
years 
and 
over 



Conjugal condition 



Single 



57,401 89,034 



269 
30 



306 
951 

129 
1,127 

117 

831 

27 

7,702 

424: 

1, 672: 

3, 464! 

8191 

2471 

1,114 

1,021 

4,226 

1,925 

8 

208 

292 

696 

4 

1,022 

717 

234 

400 

18 



1,881 
1,475 
441 
1,133 
599 
93 
26 
123 

269 
108 



290 
52 



345 
1,325 

208 
1,243 

179 

1,308 

41 

16, 196 

325 

2,571 

5,501 

934 

489 

2,189 

1,378 

5,384 

3,202 

25 

225 

484 

959 

19 

1,263 

535 

303 

421 

21 



2,693 
3,613 

515 
1,105 

S63 

106 
25 

254 

419 
95 



771 
71 

303 

359 
1,463 

157 
3,239 

227 

1,587 

67 

19, 820 

1,011 

4,453 

13, 305 

1,326 

802 

6,115 

1,382 

4,044 

1,728 

20 

220 

422 

2,30S 

22 

1,C 

1,232 

251 

498 

54 



7,614 
5,614 

496 
2,779 
2,359 

293 
69 

355 

924 
194 



Mar- 
ried 



125, 398 



Wid- 
owed 



955 
93 

755 

843 
4,645 

455 
3,842 

416 

2,777 

79 

26, 665 

1,048 

4,7.54 

13, 967 

2,030 

1,026 

2,896 

3,466 

14, 835 

7,486 

55 

420 

1,072 

2,560 

26 

2,910 

2,208 

740 

1,158 

73 



6,082 
5,722 
1,591 
.3, 196 
2,306 

305 
69 

431 

1,103 
338 



33 



Di- 
vorced 



132; 

18, 

107| 

3 

2,017 

41 

390 

760 

53 

78 

357 

154 

460 

113 

2 

33 

69 

314 

7 

137 

100 

37 

47 

4 



344 
703 

53 
120 
143 

17 
3 

44 

68 
3 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 73 

.r;LE 20. — Nonemigrant aliens departed, year ended June SO, 1930, by race or 
people, and length of residence in the United States 



Eace or people 



Num- 
ber de- 
parted 



Length of residence in the United States 



Less 

than 1 

year 



1 to 5 
years 



5 to 10 
years 



10 to 15 15 
years 



to 



years 



20 20 to 25 25 
years — 



and 



years 
'over 



TotaL 



221, 764 



109, 620 



68, 102 



24,879 



6,312 



6,681 



3,589 



African (black) 

Armenian 

Bohemian and Moravian (Czech)... 
Bulgarian, Serbian, and Montene- 
grin 

Chinese 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and Herzego- 

vinian 

Dutch and Flemish.. 

East Indian 

English 

Finnish 

French 

German 

Greek 

Hebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south) 

Japanese... 

Korean 

Lithuanian _ 

Magyar 

Mexican 

Paci fie Islander 

Polish 
Portuguese. 
Rumanian 
Russian. 

Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, 

and Swedes) _ 

Scotch.. 

Slovak - 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Svrian 

Turkish. 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban). 

Other peoples 



1,782 

170 

1,091 

1,223 

6,138 

621 

7,221 

663 

4,475 

149 

48, 551 

2,102 

9,626 

28, 076 

3,409 

1,911 

9,371 

6,012 

19, 346 

9,331 

77 

673 

1.568 

5,200 

55 

4,132 

3,548 

1,031 

1,710 

131 

14, 053 

12,045 

2,144 

6,099 

4,810 

617 

141 

831 

2,095 

536 



878 

69 

266 

282 
5,076 

106 
6,781 

254 

2,661 

129 

36, 718 

822 

6,177 

9,678 

503 

1,393 

3,534 

1,379 

3,142 

2, 347 

12 

88 

480 

2,881 

52 

1,050 

312 

311 

1,111 

84 

4. 456 
6,514 

410 
2.741 
4,260 

384 
53 

500 
1,552 

174 



260 

45 

423 

404 
313 
206 
377 

234 

1,128 

7 

8,993 

540 

2,762 

14,528 

1,045 

315 

3,954 

1,609 

9,150 

1,843 

19 

140 

482 

1,304 

2 

1,204 

1,661 

334 

324 

30 



6, 367 

4,229 

864 

1,702 

4.57 



27 
255 
270 
216 



344 
21 
222 

220 

364 

135 

32 

111 

405 

2 

1,923 

344 

433 

2,878 

657 

89 

1,192 

1,122 

4,266 

1,969 

13 

77 

250 

667 

1 

485 

971 

183 

91 



2,262 

1,017 

486 

1,180 

70 

62 

25 

54 

165 

83 



158 
11 
45 



130 
37 



11 

103 

2 

326 

111 

77 
225 
555 

33 
189 
214 
675 
1,129 
8 
101 

90 
266 



383 

302 

52 

62 

1 

299 

117 

99 

275 

11 

24 

10 

5 

55 

28 



96 
19 

87 

155 
53 
83 
13 

33 
113 
6 
300 
188 

75 
387 
419 

37 
212 
385 
1,231 
520 
3 
157 
148 

60 



675 
204 

115 

87 
7 

308 

98 

165 

126 

6 

47 

15 

8 

16 

24 



34 
4 
30 

60 

41 

46 

3 

13 

48 

2 

149 

65 

55 

201 

193 

27 

130 

198 

570 

796 

10 

76 

77 

17 



237 
55 
24 
21 



189 
36 
91 
39 

2 
14 

8 

4 
18 

6 



2,581 



12 

1 

18 

18 
161 



7 

17 

1 

142 

32 

47 

179 

37 

17 

160 

105 

312 

727 

12 

34 

41 

5 



43 

12 

14 

1 

172 

34 

29 

36 

4 

7 

3 

5 

19 

5 



15597—30- 



74 



KEPOET OP THE COMMISSIONEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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76 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



CO 

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years 

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6 years.. 

years 

years 

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and over 








a 


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a 


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. — 1 oii^ ■* S5 


2; 


Under 1 
16 to 21 
22 to 29 
30 to 37 
38 to 44 
45 years 


w 


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Under 
16 to 2 
22 to 2 
30 to 3 
38 to 4 
45 yeai 






Jnder 
6 to 2 
2 to 2 
Oto3 
8 to 4 
5 yeai 


















































l-i rH CM CO CO IT 





REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 77 



, t^ -^ 00 CO >— I 






Tt< b* <N rH Ci rH 
■( Th i-H t^ ■* CO 

r-Ti-reooO CO 



CO CO t^ »o »-< -^ 



COCO - 

to-* t^ 

lO-^o'co'co"-^' 



c^ ^- o o o 

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c^ c^ oi ■* ^ -n 



CN C5 r^ Ci t^ to 



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CO CO Ci Ol Tt* o 
^O C^ lO CO CO CO 
CD CO rH 00 rf* OS 



O lO CM OS <N ^ 



lOiO CD'* 



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CDOOO CO 



CD.-ICOOC^C^ 
1-H lO 00 >-< CO 40 

COOSO cot^ 



Tjf »0 l^ lO Tt< OO 

CD 1-H OS i-H O '^ 
00 CD t- GO OS CS 



O lOO rH -^ Ti< 



^ C^ 1-t -^ C^J CO 

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SiSS 



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1-1 CO CO OS c^ 



CO CO "0 CD -H CO 
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■<J< OS CO lO (M (M 



O 00 00 b-C<» »o 
00 CD ■* »0 t^CD 

00 osooooo-^ 



to »0 OS CO CO »o 



-«*< r^ CD o 00 00 



CD to t- CO »0 CD 

TJ< C^l >—< lO 1-H CO 

TJ* OCOCC O -3* 



corH ^^ rH -^ ^ 



iCOt-OSO OS 



lOS t^O CD C^ 



i-H OS t^'* 00 



O 00 to »-i r-< CO 
CO OS OS 00 1-1 00 
^J1 f-l rH rH CO 



i-H O -^ t^ (M 



rH '.^ -rj^ (N CS 



C^ CO(N t^ CO to 
OO C-1 --I tN 00 
CO 01 C^ C<1 to 



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^ O --I 00 00 OS 



CD CO OS --I OO 
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CO to C-l (N 00 05 

(N 00 O t'- OS OS 
CD CO r^ CD C^ CM 



CO i-H b- CD CD rH 

COOlO OS CO o 
to to O 00 CO tJ« 



1-H rH CI (M CD I'- 
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CO 00 '^OO .-HO 

'CO CD 



CO '<1< T-< (M O "rp 



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B 03 

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'^ —I cnt^-* 2 
fcj oi cs CO ■«• 3 

T3 o o o o S^ 
K-, CO c-i o 00 >o 

N-* rH Cl CO CO -^ 



78 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



9083JO 






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pUBHOOg 



pnupjj 



pnEjana 00 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 79 



,-1 1^ iTjirt 11-1 icq 



"°^?5SS5 i^?§ 






Ic^ 1 1 1 [ 1 j 1 


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cQa!maiait-i|>l>0 



80 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



O 



adojna Jamo 



B!A'B[S03nj^ 



adojna ni iiaj[jn j, 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 81 



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82 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 83 






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90 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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8 
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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 91 



































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92 



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West Indian (except Cuban) 

Other peoples 



98 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 99 



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100 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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102 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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104 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSION^ER GENERAL OF IMMIGEATION 



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256 

204 

893 

41 

922 

1,584 

141 

381 

443 

514 

390 

78 

1.792 

2,249 


>o 

-91 


1,083 

998 

411 

74 

8 

824 

167 

2,616 

5 

83 

17 

12, 559 

1,277 

585 

144 

610 


Occupation 


05 

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Cabinetmakers 

Carpenters and joiners 

Cigarette makers 

Ciear makers 


Cigar packers 

Dressmakers 

Engineers (locomotive, marine, and stationary) 

Furriers and fur workers 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 105 



tco ioc-i^o;cc«rcc — fC"t— •— '— ir^t>. i»o^cc-^^ i^M i i^co i^oo 

iCCi ^OCOO C^ — ICO OOi 11 1 


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CO 


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N 


00 c;)^tctc-»«-H^2; — c^ o ■«• rt CO ■* -^ c^ -. •* ^'^li ^g 


N 

N 


284 

14 

269 

1,263 

3,135 

58 

18 

4,578 

42 

175 

10, 459 

1,087 


<o 


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1 O U3 CO lO O «0 


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05 
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C^coc^^05co-Hcoo0'^«ocois'^o«ij* ir^^ccoo-iji^c^o ic<co»o icot^ 

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CS •«»• CO T}> T!< -^ r-1,-1 ,-■ rt O 


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574 

33 

278 

860 

690 

601 

20 

1,569 

68 

299 

3,096 

1,143 


N 

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N 
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; i i i i i i-^ i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i-^ 


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t > 1 >C4 1 ICO I— «Tt*(N 
till 11 1 Tj* 


CO 
00 


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48 

1,380 

101 

885 

1,802 

1,146 

786 

2,555 

309 

208 

240 

1,634 

1,193 

78 

133 

178 

650 

432 

47 

617 

705 

111 

100 

1,307 

37 

400 

158 

11 

121 

148 

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7 

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1,855 

123 

1,104 

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13, 736 

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98 

16,447 

329 

2,732 

29, 073 

5,751 


o 


Hat and cap makers 

Iron and steel workers 

Jewelers - 

Locksmiths - 

Machinists - 

Masons 

Metal workers (other than iron, steel, and tin). 

Millers - .- 

MiUiners... 

Painters and glaziers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers 

Saddlers and harness makers 

Shoemakers 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

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Tinners 

Upholsterers 

Weavers and spinners 

Woodworkers (not specified) 

Other skUled 


o 

3 

o 
a) 

a 
a 

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Agents 

Bankers 

Draymen, hackmen, and teamsters 

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Merchants and dealers 

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15597—30- 



106 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 107 



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m n t- 00 M ■«• 


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373 

17 

191 

433 

351 

67 

3 

1,555 

79 

208 

4,013 

1,666 


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Jewelers.- 

Locksmiths 

Machinists 

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Mechanics (not specified) 

Metal workers (other than iron, steel, and tin) 

Millers..... 

Milliners 

Miners 

Painters and glaziers 

Pattern makers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers.. 

Saddlers and harness makers 

Shoemakers 

Stokers.. 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

Tanners and curriers 

Textile workers (not specified) 

Tinners 

Tobacco workers 

Upholsterers 

Watch and clock makers 

Weavers and spinners 

Wheelwrights.. 

Woodworkers (not specified) 

Other skilled 


"3 
o 

3 

o 
a; 

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Bankers 

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108 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 



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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 109 



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110 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 113 



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114 REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION" 






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118 REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOXER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 119 



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120 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 121 



.... 
.... 


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Miners 

Painters and glaziers 

Patternmakers 

Photographers. 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers 

Saddlers and harness makers 

Seamstresses 

Shoemakers 

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Tailors... 

Tanners and curriers. 

Textile workers (not specified) 

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Upholsterers 

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122 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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Clerks and accountants 

Engineers (locomotive, marine, and stationary) . 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 123 



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124 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 127 



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Jewelers 

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Millers 

Milliners 

Miners 

Painters and glaziers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers... 

Saddlers and harness makers.. 

Shoemakers.. 

Stokers 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

Tanners and curriers 

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3 
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128 REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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204 

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443 

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411 

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Butchers 

Cabinetmakers. 

Carpenters and joiners 

Cigarette makers 

Cigar makers 

Cigar packers 

Clerks and accountants. 

Dressmakers 

Engineers (locomotive, marine, and 

stationary) 

Furriers and fur workers 

Gardeners 

llat and cap makers 

Jron and steel workers 

ewelers 



I 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 129 



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1,802 
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786 
2,555 

309 
208 
240 

1,634 

1,193 
78 
133 
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432 
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617 
705 
111 
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1,307 

37 

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158 

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121 

148 

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7 

175 

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1,104 

8,375 

13, 736 

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16, 447 

329 

2,732 

29, 073 

5,751 


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10 

10 




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Machinists... 

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Masons.- 

Mechanics (not specified) 

Metal workers (other than iron, 

steel, and tin) - 

Millers 

Milliners - -- 

Miners. 

Painters and glaziers 

Pattern makers 

Photographers.- 

Plumbers 

Saddlers and harness makers 

Shoemakers-- --- 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

Tanners and curriers 

Tinners 

Tobacco workers 

Upholsterers 

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Woodworkers (not specified) 

Other skilled 


"3 
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Bankers - 

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Farmers 

Farm laborers—- 

Fishermen 

Hotel keepers 

Laborers 

Manufacturers.- 

Merchant and dealers 

Servants 

Other miscellaneous.. .— 


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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



131 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 133 



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Milliners - 

Painters and glaziers - - 

Pattern makers 

Photographers -- -- 

Plasterers 

Plumbers - — -- 

Saddlers and harness makers 

Shoemakers 

Stonecutters 

Tailors -- - 

Tanners and curriers 

Tinners 

Watch and clock makers 

Wheelwrights 

Other skilled 


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Draymen, hackmen, and teamsters --. 

Farmers 

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Fishermen 

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Merchants and dealers 

Servants 

other miscellaneous 


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134 KEPOKT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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Machinists 

Mariners 

Masons - .- 

Metal workers (other than iron, steel, and tin). 

Milliners. 

Miners 

Painters and glaziers 

Pattern makers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers 


cJ i i i 1 i i=o i i i i ii i 

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136 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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13, 771 

34, 415 

3, 793 

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34, 947 

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Italian 
Italian 
Japan( 
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Russia 


4) 


«1 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 137 



REPORT 

1 (M M --C 1 IM 1 1 ■-' 


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; : 1 ; 1 1 ; 1 : 


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lOS 


>CO00t^t^C^CO«CC» 


3,214 

1, 1(39 

3,237 

637 

175 

2,043 

600 

526 


Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian.. 

Turkish 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban) 

Other peoples 



15597—30- 



-10 



138 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



cisy jaqjo 



Bisy It X93(jiix 



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REPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 139 



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140 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 



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156 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOISrER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



S 






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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 159 



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160 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 52.— Aliens debarred from entering the United States, year ended June 30, 
1930, showing number rejected at the land border stations and at the seaports of 
entry, by causes and sex 



Cause 


Num- 
ber de- 
barred 


Land border stations 


Seaports 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Total 


8,233 


4,468 


1,912 


6,380 


1,644 


209 


1,853 




Idiot 


1 
3 
11 
3 

7 

1 

102 

63 

252 

93 

5 

13 

7 
37 
38 
40 
13 

4 

7 

195 

3,983 
3,012 

7 
336 










1 


I 


Feeble-minded 


2 
.. 

1 


1 
1 


3 

1 
1 
3 






Insane or have been insane 


9 

.. 

49 

18 
23 

4 

1 

7 
8 
14 
4 


1 
2 
4 
--- 

3 
21 

.. 

12 

2 
1 

1 

'i' 


10 


Epileptics 


2 


Constitutional psychopathic inferiority 

Tuberculosis (noncontagious) 


4 
1 


Loathsome or dangerous contagious disease... 

Surgeon's certificate of mental or physical 
defect (not specified) which may affect 
alien's ability to earn a living 


30 

22 
108 

76 
2 
1 

1 
25 
23 
18 

2 

3 
2 

27 

2,545 
1,561 

1 
17 


10 

20 

100 

13 

2 

3 
4 
6 
8 
3 

1 
1 

12 

1,198 
523 


40 

42 

208 

89 

4 

1 

4 
29 
29 
26 

5 

4 
3 

39 

3,743 
2,084 

1 
21 


62 
21 


Likely to become public eharges..- 


44 


Contract laborers __. _. 


4 


Assisted aliens 


I 


Accompanying aliens (under sec. 18) 


12 


Under 16 years of age, unaccompanied by 
parent . . 


3 


Unable to read (over 16 years of age) 


g 


Had been deported 


9 


Criminals . . 


14 


Immoral classes 


8 


Under immigration act of 1924 
Under sec. 17 




Expired immigration visa 


3 

120 

220 

868 

3 
292 


i 

36 

20 
60 

3 
23 


4 


Not nonimmigrants or nonquota immigrants 
(aliens eligible to citizenship), as specified 
m visa^_ - . 


156 


Nonimmigrants or nonquota immigrants 
(aliens eligible to citizenship) without visa. 
Quota immigrants without visa 


240 

928 


Aliens ineligible to citizenship with improper 
visa 


6 


Aliens ineligible to citizenship without visa... 


315 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 161 



Table 53. — Aliens debarred from entering the United States, year ended June 30, 
1930, showing number rejected at the land border stations and at the seaports of 
entry, by race or people and sex 





Num- 
ber de- 
barred 


Land border stations 




Seaports 




Race of people 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Total - 


8,233 


4,468 


1,912 


6,380 


1,644 


209 


1,853 








250 

36 

7 

41 

291 

44 

47 

89 

6 

1,155 

65 

946 

496 

100 

275 

616 

138 

239 

54 

l! 
90 
1,270 
1 
142 
201 
49 
147 
71 

240 

525 

87 

212 

120 

52 

6 

48 

34 

27 


16 
13 

5 
22 

5 
23 


15 

6 

1 

3 
... 


31 
19 

6 
25 

5 
34 


193 
11 
--- 

270 

8 

44 

5 

3 

56 

9 

25 

97 

58 

35 

18 

15 

150 

30 

1 

3 

8 

20 


26 
6 

1 
2 
16 
2 
3 
1 

f 

10 
12 
3 
6 
6 
2 
7 
11 

"a 

4 


219 




17 




1 




16 




286 




10 




47 




GO 

3 

731 

32 
637 
282 

31 
170 
433 

98 

73 

10 
2 
9 

59 
762 

97" 

10 
30 
92 
54 

173 

350 

74 

38 

6 

19 

1 

34 


23 

"'"'350" 

22 

274 

105 

8 

64 

159 

23 

9 

3 

.. 

19 

484 

1 

29 

9 
34 
17 

48 
151 

10 
9 
1 

11 
.. 


83 

3 

1,081 

51 

911 

387 

39 

234 

592 

121 

82 

13 

2 

10 

78 

1,246 

1 

126 

10 

39 

126 

71 

221 

501 

84 

47 

7 

30 

1 

43 


6 




3 


English 


74 




11 


French . . 


35 




109 


Greek . 


61 




41 


Irish . . 


24 


Italian (north) 


17 


Italian (south) . 


157 




41 


Korean. 


1 




3 


Magyar - 


12 




24 






Polish 


13 

190 

9 

15 


3 
1 
1 
6 


16 


Portuguese . 


191 




10 


Russian 


21 






Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, and 


18 
17 

3 

156 

103 

12 

4 

4 
18 

9 


1 
7 
.. 

10 
10 

1 

1 
16 

1 


19 


Scotch... 


24 


Slovak 


3 


Spanish _ 


165 




113 


Syrian 


22 




5 


Welsh 


5 




34 




14 


3 


17 


10 







162 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 









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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 163 

Table 55. — Permanent residents of contiguous foreign territory applying for tem- 
porary sojourn in the United States refused admission, year ended June 30, 1930, 
by causes 



Cause 



Total. --- 

Idiots 

Imbeciles 

Feeble-minded- - 

Insane -. 

Epileptics 

Constitutional psychopathic inferiority. 

Surgeon's certificate of mental or physical defect 

Tuberculosis (.noncontagious) 

Loathsome or dangerous contagious disease 

Chronic alcoholism 

Likely to become public charges 

Vagrants - 

Contract laborers - 

Assisted aliens. 

Coming in consequence of advertisements 

Accompanying aliens (under sec. 18) 

Under 16 years of age, unaccompanied by parent — 

Criminals 

Anarchist __ 

Prostitutes and aliens coming for any immoral purpose 

Aliens who are supported by or receive proceeds of prostitution 

Aliens who procure or attempt to bring in prostitutes or females for any 

immoral purpose _ 

Had been deported or debarred 

Unable to read (over 16 years of age) 

Without proper visa under immigration act of 1924 



Total 



6,744 



12 

17 

11 

27 

203 

9 

235 

3 

2,946 

2 

75 

9 

1 

54 

13 

142 

1 

82 

14 

29 

141 

586 

2,128 



Canadian 
border 



4,903 



20 

28 

9 
43 

2 
2,179 

2 
74 

8 

1 
17 
10 
82 

1 
67 

6 

21 

81 

425 

1,794 



Mexican 
border 



1,841 



1 
1 

6 

1 

2 

7 

175 



192 

1 

767 



60 
161 
334 



164 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 165 



1 ■ 05 I'H , . 1 r ,■■1.11111 


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Irish -- 

Italian (north) 

Japanese 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Magyar 

Mexican 

Pacific Islander 

Polish 

Portuguese - 

Rumanian 

Russian 

Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, Danes, and 

Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian... 

Turkish 

Welsh... 

West Indian (except Cuban)... 

Other peoples 



166 



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IIEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

sasn^o Jaqio 



siBioiijo noTiBjSirarai 
^q pai^nSisap ion ao^id io otni} ^ 5b jo noji 
-oadsni inoqiiM saiBjg paiinQ 9q3 pewqing 



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paMiiujad uBqj jaSnoi paniBtnaa 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAT OF IMMIGRATION 167 



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168 KEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL, OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COM M ISlr^JON E« GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 169 



1111 O 1 1 1 1 1 1 
1111 O 1 1 1 1 1 1 


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Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian 

Turkish 


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15597—30- 



-12 



170 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 171 



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Scandinavian (Norwegians, 

Danes, and Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American.. 

Turkish 

West Indian (except Cuban) 



172 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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pe-jjodep 
nejiB pns peinep pnoq no noTSSjoipB jo; noi^BOiiddy 



penuirpE 
ngiiB png petnBjg pnoq no noisstiupB joj noijBOtiddv 



?n9ui5B8j; jB^idsoq ja^jB pajjodao; 



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IcaddB no noispap inanr^jedap o% ^nens-ind pa;iodaQ[ S 



:)n9nnJBdap 05 i^addB jaije pnoq no paj^iinip v 



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jBioeds JO pjBoq jo noispap no i^addB jnoq^iA p a^Jodaq 



jljmljni lepads jo pjBoq Xq panimpy 



noi'joadsni ^^jenriJd no pa^^inrpy 



eaJSap ssai jo ^oajap Jo aseesja; 



3niAii B njB9 0} iliuiqs s^oagB qoiqAi. ^oajap jo asBasiQ 






asBasip snoi3 
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nisqoqooiB oinojqo pnB 'sisoinojaqni 'Xjijoij 
-ejrii oiq^BdoqoAsd iBnoiiiiiiisnoo 'A^raBsni 
'Xsdapda 'papniiu- aiqaaj 'Xiqpaqmi '^oo;pi 



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REPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 173 



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Mexican 

Pacific Islander 

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Portuguese 

Rumanian 

Russian 

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and Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American.. 

Syrian 

Turkish 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban) 

Other peoples 



174 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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Loss of member 

Nonmalignant tumor, hypertrophy, 

lection of fluid not due to cardiac or 

kidney disease. 

Not stated 

Organic disease (not specified); general 
systemic or constitutional disease (not 
specified) 

Paralysis (partial or complete), atrophy. 

Parasitic disease (not specified) 

Poor development, lack of development 

Pregnancy -. 

Rheumatism, arthritis, gout, neuritis... 

Sclerosis -. 

Senility (physical degeneration inci- 
dent "to age) 

Tuberculosis 

Undersized 

Uncinariasis 

Venereal diseases 



OV IMMIGRATION 177 



178 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GEJTERAL OF IMMIGRATION 







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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 183 



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184 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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188 EEPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 65. — Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, year ended 
June 30, 1930, by principal race or people, as specified 





Total 


Chi- 
nese 


He- 
brew 


Italian 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


Number granted treatment 


110 


69 


6 


3 


18 








Diseases: 

Trachoma ....... 


6 
90 
14 

102 

8 

91 

5 
5 

1 
8 

U 
5 

12 

6 

76 

65 
45 

13 
89 

8 


69' 

67 
2 

67 
_. 

.. 

1 
6 
60 

37 
32 

6 

62 

1 


4 






2 


Uncinariasis .._ 




18 
18 
18 


3 


Other diseases . 


2 

3 
3 


3 

2 
1 


9 
12 


Result of treatment and disposition: 

Cured and admitted . ... - . 


Still under treatment 





Length of treatment: 

Under 1 month 


6 


Under 2 months . ... 


\ 

1 
3 

5 


i 

1 


3 


Under 4 months 


3 


4 to 10 months 




Still under treatment, length of time not stated. .. 
By whom expenses were paid: 

Parent .. .... ... 


1 
1 




2 

5 


Husband ._ 


3 


Self.. . . 




2 


3 


6 


Relative ... ... ... .. 




Other. 


1 

3 
3 

5 
-. 




3 

1 
1 
1 


15 

13 

5 

--- 
4 




Sex: 

Male 


9 




5 


Under 16 vears - . . . 


1 




12 


45 years and over . 


1 







Table 66.- 



-Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, year ended 
June SO, 1930, by ports, as specified 













Result of 








Diseases 


treatment 
and dispo- 


Length of treatment 












sition 














_ 










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14 


102 


8 


91 


5 


5 


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90 


6 


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14 


14 

88 


6 
2 


3 

8 


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1 


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2 






1 







REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 189 



Table 67. — Comparison between alien arrivals and head-tax settlements, year 

ended June 30, 1930 

Immigrant aliens admitted 241, 700 

Nonimmigrant aliens admitted 204, 514 

Aliens debarred 8, 233 

Aliens admitted from insular possessions or mainland ports. 5, 471 

Aliens debarred from insular possessions 27 

Aliens arriving from foreign ports who died before being 

admitted or debarred 10 

Erroneous head-tax settlements 1, 798 

Head-tax cases pending beginning of vear 41, 474 

503. 227 

Exempt from head-tax payments, as follows: 

In transit (groups) 1, 035 

Other transits (includes 4,839 Chinese in transit under 

bond across land territory of the United States) 49, 196 

One-year residents of Canada, Newfoundland, Mex- 
ico, and Cuba, coming for a temporary stay 7, 713 

Domiciled aliens returning 7, 155 

Government officials and consular passengers 6, 337 

Alien residents of the Philippine or Virgin Islands 1, 201 

Aliens from Porto Rico and Hawaii who reached said 
islands prior to Julv 1, 1907, or subsequent to May 

1, 1917 1 2,078 

Aliens admitted to Porto Rico and Hawaii from main- 
land (conti nental United States) 1,936 

Under 16 years of age, accompanied by parents 42, 730 

Exemptions on account of aliens debarred 8, 151 

Citizens erroneoush- manifested 1, 516 

Total 129, 048 

Head-tax pavments pending at close of vear 34, 438 

163, 486 

Aliens on whom head tax was paid (2 taxed at $4 each, and 339,739 

at $8 each) 339, 741 

Amount of head tax collected during the year $2, 717, 920 

Table 68. — Alien stowaways found on hoard vessels arriving at ports of the United 
States, year ended June SO, 1930, by ports or districts 



Total 1,048 



New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Mass 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Baltimore, Md-_ 

Portland, Me 

Norfolk, Va 

Savannah, Ga 

Miami, Fla 

Kev West, Fla.. 
Charleston, S. C. 
Jacksonville, Fla. 
Tampa, Fla 



638 

44 

52 

43 

5 

21 

1 

4 

4 

18 

1 

n 



Pensacola, Fla 

Mobile, Ala 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

Houston, Tex 

Port Arthur, Tex___ 
Corpus Christi, Tex. 
San Francisco, Calif- 
Portland, Oreg 

Seattle, Wash 

Los Angeles, Calif.. 

Great Lakes 

Hawaii 

Porto Rico 



2 

11 

74 

6 

6 

1 

1 

6 

3 

6 

25 

31 

13 

21 



190 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 

Table 69. — Japanese aliens applied for admission, admitted, debarred, deported, 
and departed, years ended June 30, 1929 and 1930 ^ 



1929 



Conti- 
nental 
United 
States 



Hawaii 



Conti- 
nental 
United 
States 



Hawaii 



Applicants for admission 

Admitted 

Debarred from entry 

Deported after entry 

Departures 



6,348 

6,293 

55 

120 

7, 281 



1,991 

1,985 

6 



2,462 



6,317 

6,274 

43 

99 

7,490 



1,956 

1,945 

U 



1 Admissions include both immigrant and nonimmigrant aliens; departures include both emigrant and 
nonemigrant aliens. During the year ended June 30, 1930, 30 Koreans were admitted to Hawaii, 1 debarred, 
and 46 departed therefrom; 04 Koreans were admitted to continental United States, 2 were debarred, 5 were 
deported after entry, and 64 departed therefrom. 

Table 70. — Increase or decrease of Japanese population by alien admissions and 
departures, years ended June 30, 1929 and 1930, by months ' 



Month 



Total, fiscal year 1929 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

Total, fiscal year 1930 

July 

August _ 

September 

October 

November 

December 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 



Continental United States 



Ad- 
mitted 



6,293 



674 
450 
655 
487 
354 
400 
301 
465 
676 
669 
598 
564 



6,274 



533 
490 
681 
568 
428 
386 
381 
249 
567 
746 
735 
510 



De- 
parted 



7,281 



479 
402 

880 
956 
816 
741 
555 
586 
151 
298 
870 
541 



7,490 



370 
593 
566 
523 
527 
911 
907 
837 
439 
637 
645 
535 



Increase 
(+) or de- 
crease (—) 



-M95 
+48 
-225 
-469 
-462 
-341 
-254 
-121 
+525 
+371 
-278 
+23 



-1,216 



+163 

-103 

+115 

+45 

-99 

-525 

-526 

-588 

+128 

+109 

+90 

-25 



Hawaii 



Ad- 
mitted 



m 



(') 



251 
) 

183 
338 
165 
233 
81 
117 

96 
120 
401 



1,945 



(2) 



440 
342 
207 
152 

66 
111 
130 

95 



De- 
parted 



(») 



261 
') 

221 

557 

108 

59 

90 



(.') 



272 
524 
273 



Increase 
(+) or de 

crease (—) 



2,845 



(2) 



« 



-477 
-10 

-38 
-219 

+57 

+174 

-9 

+20 

-176 
-404 

+ 128 



-900 



265 


-265 


) 


(') 


386 


+54 


289 


+53 


324 


-117 


42 


+ 110 


82 


-16 


115 


-4 


153 


-23 


559 


-464 


) 


m 


630 


-228 



1 Admissions include both immigrant and nonimmigrant 
nonemigrant aliens. 

2 Figures for this month included with later month. 



liens; departures include both emigrant and 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 191 

Table 71. — Occupations of Japanese aliens admitted and departed, year ended 
June SO, 1930, as specified 



Occupation 



Continental 
United States 



Ad- 
mitted 



De- 
parted 



All occupations 

Professional, 
total 



Actors. 

Architects 

Clergy 

Editors 

Electricians 

Engineers (profes- 
sional) 

Lawyers 

Literary and scien- 
tific persons 

Musicians 

Officials (Govern- 
ment) 

Pfiysicians 

Sculptors and artists. 

Teachers 

Other professional. . . 

Skilled, total-. 



Bakers 

Barbers and hair- 
dressers 

Blacksmiths 

Brewers 

Butchers 

Cabinetmakers 

Carpenters and join- 
ers. ..■ 

Clerks and account- 
ants 

Dressmakers 

Engineers (locomo- 
tive, marine, and 

stationary) 

Gardeners 

Jewelers 

Machinists 

Mariners 

Masons 

Mechanics (not 
specified)..- 



6,274 



984 



53 
9 

45 
7 
2 

104 
5 

82 
4 

415 

56 

1 

161 
40 



204 

7 



44 

10 

37 

6 

5 

112 
1 

64 
6 

277 
61 
4 

236 
57 



Hawaii 



Ad- 
mitted 



1,945 



12 

175 



De- 
parted 



16 



2,845 



Occupation 



Ad- 
mitted 



Metal workers 
(other than iron, 

steel, and tin) 

Millers 

Miners. 

Painters and glaziers. 

Pattern makers 

Photographers 

Plasterers 

Plumbers 

Printers 

Saddlers and harness 

makers 

Shoemakers 

Stonecutters 

Tailors 

Textile workers (not 

specified) 

Watch and clock 

makers 

Weavers and spin- 
ners. 

Other skilled. 



Miscellaneous, 
total 



Agents 

Bankers 

Draymen, hackmen, 

and teamsters 

Farmers 

Farm laborers 

Fishermen 

Hotel keepers... 

Laborers 

Manufacturers 

Merchants and 

dealers 

Servants 

Other miscellaneous. 

No occupation (in- 
cluding women 
and children) 



Continental 
United States 



De- 
parted 



Ad- 
mitted 



129 
34 

13 
245 
711 

84 

92 
199 

19 

760 
93 
235 



2,155 



76 



2,614 I 3,484 



82 
34 

10 

301 

356 

79 

69 

1,451 

4 

766 
100 
232 



2,568 



Hawaii 



821 



20 
82 

360 

33 

2 

120 



103 

58 
20 



De- 
parted 



1,329 



32 
5 

33 
41 
49 
44 
3 
901 



1,154 



192 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 








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Mei 
Mei 
Stu. 
Tea 
Nat 






c s s ja «j j3 ^-'j 


SiXSSi 




I K 


3' 


I" 


1U 


u 


ut. 


JO 













I 

i 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 193 

Table 73. — Alieiis adviiittd to continenlal United States {mainland) from insular 
possessions, and to insular possessions from mainland and from other insular 
possessions, year ended June SO, 1930, by ports 





Total 


From— 


Arriving at— 


Porto 
Rico 


Virgin 
Islands 


Hawaii 


Philip- 
pine 
Islands 


«-- , S- 


All ports 


5,471 


1,465 


310 


1,605 


153 


2 1,936 






New York, N. Y 


1,598 

4 

3 

3 

17 

976 

28 

28 

600 

108 

1,191 

915 


1,440 
2 
3 
3 
17 


148 
1 




10 




Philadelphia, Pa 


1 




Baltimore, Md - 














1 
















931 
28 
19 

581 
45 


44 


1 


Portland, Oreg - -- 








Seattle, Wash 






9 
18 
63 

9 




Mexican border seaports , . .. 






1 
















1, 182 






161 




1 754 













Table 74. — Arrivals in and departures from the Philippine Islands, calendar year 
1929, by classes, as specified 



Class 


Admitted 


Departed 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Grand total. . - 


28.701 


6,910 


35, 611 


38, 499 


5,390 


43,889 






Total from and to foreign countries.. 


22, 237 


4,715 


26,952 


20, 364 


4,062 


24,426 


Aliens... 


17, 919 

1,604 

2,680 

32 

2 


2,881 

978 
856 


20,800 

2,582 

3,536 

32 

2 


16, 166 

1,060 

3,136 

1 

1 


1,908 

1,039 
1,115 


18, 074 


Citizens of— 

Continental United States 


2,099 


Philippine Islands 


4,251 


Hawaii . .. . . 


1 


Other insular possessions 






1 










Total from and to United States and 
its insular possessions 


6,464 


2,195 


8,659 


18, 135 


1,328 


19, 463 




131 

1,098 
5,230 


60 

1,545 
586 


191 

2,643 
5,816 


53 

833 

17,238 

5 

6 


39 

853 
435 


92 


Citizens of— 


1,686 




17, 673 
5 


Hawaii 




5 


4 


9 


1 


7 







194 REPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GEaSTERAL OP IMMIGRATION 

Table 75. — Aliens admitted to and aliens departed, debarred, and deported from 
the Philippine Islands, calendar year 1929, by classes, as specified 



Class 



Admitted 



Immi- 
grant 



Nonim- 
migrant 



Total 



Departed 



Emi- 
grant 



Nonem- 
igrant 



Total 



Total. 



Sex: 

Male... 

Female 

Age: 

Under 14 years 

14 to 44 years 

45 years and over 

Literacy: 

Can read and write 

Can not read or write 

Races: 

Chinese .- 

East Indian 

English 

German 

Japanese 

Spanish 

All other.. 

Occupations: 

Professional 

Skilled 

Farmers 

Farm laborers 

Laborers (common) 

Merchants and dealers 

Miscellaneous 

No occupation 

Last permanent residence of aliens ad- 
mitted and future permanent residence 
of aliens departed: 

Europe 

Asia.- .- 

Philippine Islands 

All other 



Total 

Races: 

Chinese 

East Indian 

English 

Japanese 

Russian 



10,87 



20, 800 



1,687 



16, 387 



8,720 
2,159 

1,842 

8,288 

749 

10, 494 
385 

6,534 
126 
408 
108 

3,048 
171 
484 

350 
839 
166 

1,551 
10 

2,463 
898 

4,602 



563 
10, 093 



223 



9,199 
722 

511 

8,498 

912 

9,372 
549 

8,737 
84 
212 
53 
418 
207 
210 

188 

292 

16 

137 

2,010 

2,748 

2,295 

2,235 



1,078 

8,565 

190 



17, 919 

2,881 

2,353 

16, 786 
1,661 

19, 866 
934 

15, 271 
210 
620 
161 
3,466 
378 
694 

538 
1,131 

182 
1,688 
2,020 
5,211 
3,193 
6,837 



651 

11,171 

8,565 

413 



1,265 
422 

260 

1,218 

209 



14, 901 
1,486 

1,134 
13, 329 

1,924 



121 

66 
72 
27 
1,023 
249 
129 

64 
236 
232 



14,451 
86 
646 
132 
434 
136 
502 

365 
1,780 

152 



192 

314 

18 

631 



344 

1,276 



1,887 
2,713 
5,389 
4,101 



493 

2,183 

13,415 

296 



Debarred 



Deported 



193 



176 

12 

1 

4 



18, 074 



16, 166 
1,908 

1,394 
14, 547 
2,133 



14, 572 
152 
718 
159 
1,457 
385 
631 

429 

2,016 

384 



2,079 
3,027 

5,407 
4,732 



837 

3,459 

13,415 

363 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 195 



Table 76. — Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, 
years ended June SO, 1908 to 1930 





Period or year 


Admitted 


Departed 






Immigrant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emigrant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


Increase 




Grand total, 23 
years, 1908-1930. 


12, 419, 246 


3, 641, 893 


16, 061, 139 


4,015,381 


4, 163, 192 


8. 178, 593 


7, 882. 566 


1908 


782, 870 

751,786 

1, 041, 570 


141, 825 
192, 449 
156, 467 


924, 695 

944, 235 

1, 198. 037 


395. 073 
225, 802 
202, 430 


319.755 
174, 590 
177. 982 


714.828 
400, 392 
380,418 


209, 867 


1909 


543, 843 


1910 


817,619 




Total 10 years, 
1911-1920 






5,735,811 


1, 376, 271 


7.112,082 


2, 146, 994 


1, 841. 163 


3. 988, 157 


3,123,925 


1911. 
1912. 


878. 587 
838. 172 
1, 197. 892 
1, 218, 480 
326. 700 
298, 826 
295, 403 
110,618 
141, 132 
430, 001 


151, 713 

178. 983 

229, 335 

184,601 

107, 544 

67, 922 

67, 474 

101, 235 

95, 889 

191, 575 


1, 030, 300 

1, 017. 155 

1, 427. 227 

1, 403, 081 

434. 244 

366, 748 

362, 877 

211, 853 

237, 021 

621, 576 


295, 606 
333, 262 
308, 190 
303, 338 
204, 074 
129, 765 
66, 277 
94, 5S5 
123. 522 
288,315 


222, 549 

282, 030 

303, 734 

330, 467 

180, 100 

111,042 

80. 102 

98, 683 

92, 709 

139, 747 


518,215 
615,292 
611,924 
633, 805 
384, 174 
240, 807 
146,379 
193, 268 
216,231 
428, 062 


512, 085 
401, 863 


1913 


815,303 


1914 . . 


769, 276 


1915 


50, 070 


1916 


125,941 


1917 


216,498 


1918 


18. 585 


1919 


20. 790 


1920 


193, 514 




Total 5 years, 
1921-1925 






2,638,913 


782, 898 


3,421,811 


697, 397 


716,839 


1. 414, 236 


2. 007, 575 


1921. 


805, 228 
309, 556 
522, 919 
706, 896 
294, 314 


172, 935 
122, 949 
1,50, 487 
172, 406 
164, 121 


978, l(i3 
432, 505 
673, 406 
879, 302 
458, 435 


247,718 
198, 712 
81, 450 
76, 789 
92, 728 


178, 313 
146, 672 
119, 130 
139, 956 
132, 762 


426, 031 
345, 384 
200, 586 
216, 745 
225, 490 


552, 132 


1922 


87, 121 


1923 


472, 820 


1924 


662, 557 


1925 . 


232, 945 




Total 5 years, 
1926-1930 






1,468,296 


991, 983 


2,460,279 


347, 679 


932, 863 


1, 280, 542 


1, 179, 737 


1926. 


304,488 
335, 175 
307, 255 
279, 678 
241, 700 


191,618 
202, 826 
193, 376 
199, 649 
204, 514 


496, 106 
538, 001 
500. 631 
479,327 
446, 214 


76, 992 
73, 366 
77, 457 
69, 203 
50, 661 


150, 763 
180, 142 
196, 899 
183, 295 
221, 764 


227, 755 
253, 508 
274, 356 
252, 498 
272, 425 


268, 351 


1927 . . 


284, 493 


1928 


226, 275 


1929- 
1930. 




226, 829 
173, 789 



Table 77.- 



-Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens, 
calendar years 1918 to 1929 





Admitted 


Departed 




Year ended Dec. 31 


Immigrant 


Nonim- 
migrant 


Total 


Emigrant 


Nonemi- 
grant 


Total 


Increase 


Total 12 years, 
1918-1929 


4, 632, 871 


2, 045, 823 


6, 678, 694 


1, 487, 495 


1, 845, 279 


3, 332, 774 


3, 345, 920 


1918 .- 


115,916 
247, 358 
708, 562 
563, 905 
381, 167 
751, 050 
354, 770 
290, 725 
336, 295 
323, 885 
290,297 
268, 941 


109. 500 
149, 804 
209, 056 
129, 698 
138, 527 
154,958 
172, 025 
178, 979 
204, 095 
197,010 
197, 385 
204, 786 


225, 416 
397, 162 
917,618 
693, 603 

519, 694 
906, 008 
526, 795 
409, 704 
540, 390 

520, 895 
487, 682 
473, 727 


80, 612 
261, 718 
261,721 
245, 978 
115,973 

70, 610 

90. 121 

81, 689 
73, 179 

75. 122 
77, 599 
53, 173 


103. 333 
130. 808 
160, 796 
167, 573 
126,324 
128,645 
141,718 
136,110 
163, 271 
193, 750 
194 509 


183, 945 
392, 526 
422, 517 
413,551 
242,297 
199, 255 
231,839 
217, 799 
236, 4,50 
268, 872 
272 ins 


41,471 


1919-_ 


4,636 


1920 


495 101 


1921 


280. 052 


1922 . . . 


277, 397 


1923 


706, 753 
294, 956 


1924 


1925. 


251,905 


1926 


303, 940 


1927_ 


252, 023 
215, 574 


1928 .. . 


1929 


198,442 1 251 'fill 5 


222, 112 











196 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOXER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 78. — Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, years ended June 30, 1908 to 1930, 
by principal countries of last permanent residence 





Period or year 


Number 
admitted 


Last permanent residence 




Europe 


Asia 


Canada 
and 

New- 
found- 
land 


Mexico 


West 
Indies 


Central 
and 
South 
Amer- 
ica 


United 
States 1 


Other 
coun- 
tries 




Grand total, 23 
years, 1908-1930.. 

Total 3 years, 1908- 
1910 _. . 


3, 641, 893 


809, 754 


163,761 


277, 130 


86, 590 


283, 536 


112, 666 


1,834,651 


73, 805 




490, 741 


88, 609 


9,623 


37, 038 


5,479 


17, 349 


9.388 


320,098 


3,157 








1908. 


141,825 
192, 449 
156. 467 


28, 941 
24. 667 
35, 001 


3,475 
3, 352 
2,796 


12, 560 
13, 895 
10, 583 


1,574 
1.757 
2.148 


4,270 
5,704 
7.375 


3,231 
3.109 
3,048 


86, 814 
138, 915 
94, 369 


960 


1909 


1, 050 


1910 


1, 147 




Total 10 years, 
1911-1920 






1, 376, 271 


355, 471 


69, 416 


108, 124 


36, 099 


104, 697 


42, 185 


636, 740 


23,539 


1911. 


151, 713 
178, G£3 
229, 335 
184, 601 
107, 544 
67, 922 
67, 474 
101, 235 
95, 889 
191.575 


38, 354 
58, 782 
93, 078 
55. 107 
16, 571 
11,627 
12, 168 
14,446 
19. 141 
36. 197 


2,565 
1,939 
1, 658 
1.148 
2.273 
1,579 
1.664 

35, 713 
7.391 

13, 486 


12, 477 
11,556 
14, 165 
15, 4.59 
9,983 
5.717 
3,982 
3,809 
11,504 
19, 472 


2,066 
1,946 
2,134 
2,410 
2, 352 
1.418 
2.266 
5. Ill 
9.783 
6,613 


7,130 
8,299 
8,591 
9. 052 
7.784 
9, 126 
10, 790 
11,203 
13,421 
19, 301 


3,720 
3.968 
4.428 
4,053 
3.279 
3.443 
3.327 
3.891 
4.199 
7.877 


83, 949 
90, 854 
103, 1.50 
94. 957 
62, 935 
32. 915 
31,127 
25. 291 
27, 287 
84, 275 


1,452 


1912 


1,639 


1913 


2.131 


1914 


2.415 


1915 


2,367 


1916 


2,097 


1917 


2,150 


1918 - 


1,771 


1919 


3.163 


1920 


4. 354 




Total 5 years, 1921- 
1925 






782, 898 


150, 134 


50, 123 


51,680 


20, 180 


90,004 


27,477 


372,977 


20,323 








1921. 


172, 935 
122, 949 
150, 487 
172, 406 
164, 121 


27, 725 
22, 952 
29. 624 
37. 374 
32. 459 


19, 099 
7,175 
6,516 

10, 066 
7,267 


13, 748 
10, 824 
9,731 

8,598 
8,779 


3.904 
3.477 
3. 519 
4,553 
4.727 


18. 670 
15, 434 
19. 908 
21.347 
14. 645 


5,814 
4,420 
5.173 

6.118 
5.952 


80. 639 
55, 242 
72. 040 
79,848 
85, 208 


3.336 


1922- 


3.425 


1923 


3,976 


1924 


4,502 


1925 


5,084 




Total 5 years, 1926- 
1930 






991, 983 


215, 540 


34, 599 


80,288 


24, 832 


71, 486 


33, 616 


504,836 


26, 786 








1923. 


191,618 
202, 826 
193, 376 
199, 649 
204, 514 


36, 890 
39, 096 
43, 477 
45, 019 
51, 058 


6,961 
7,171 
6,786 
6,820 
6,861 


17,012 
16, 539 
14, 915 
15, 389 
16,433 


4.590 
5. 586 
5,490 
4,307 
4,859 


14,519 
14, 753 
14, 738 
13, 637 
13, 839 


6,320 
6,541 
6,844 
7,010 
6,901 


100, 413 
107, 616 

95,338 

101, 637 
99, 832 


4,913 


1927 


5,524 


1928 


5, 788 


1929 


5, 830 


1930 


4,731 







.\liens returning to the United States after a temporary visit abroad for less than a year. 



KEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 197 

Table 79. — Nonemigrant aliens departed, years ended June SO, 1908 to 1930, by 
principal countries of intended future permanent residence 





Period or year 


Number 
departed 




Intended future permanent 


residence 






Europe 


.\sia 


Canada 
and 
New- 
found- 
land 


Mexico 


West 
Indies 


Central 
and 
South 
Amer- 
ica 


United 
States ' 


Other 
coun- 
tries 




Grand total, 23 
years, 1908-1930. 

Total, 3 years, 
1908-1910 


4, 163, 192 


1, 080, 207 


123, 367 


656, 850 


86,413 


357, 824 


112, 651 


1, 683, 448 


62, 432 




672, 327 


241, 287 


9.949 


46, 694 


6,529 


28,272 


10,888 


325, 661 


3,047 


1908. 


319, 755 
174. 590 
177, 9S2 


149, 783 
58, 998 
32, 506 


4, 585 
2,967 
2,397 


6,597 
6,689 
33, 408 


1,996 
2,558 
1,975 


9,220 
8,984 
10,068 


3,802 
3,470 
3,616 


142, 682 
89, 940 
93, 039 


1,090 


1909 


984 


1910. 


973 




Total. 10 years, 
1911-1920 






1, 841, 163 


438,936 


58, 418 


377, 112 


38, 245 


146, 760 


43, 722 


716, 641 


21,329 


1911. 


222, 549 
282, 030 
303, 734 
330, 467 
ISO, 100 
111,042 
80, 102 
98, 683 
92, 709 
139, 747 


50,044 
56, 882 
56, 631 
78, 642 
63, 462 
33, 562 
16, 149 
16, 312 
32, 214 
35, 038 


2,000 
1,822 
1,213 
1,395 
1,564 
1,477 
1,473 
35, 938 
6,023 
5,513 


34,913 
63, 326 
94, 010 

75, 482 
26,051 
21,981 
16, 936 
8,575 
11,452 
24, 386 


2,290 
2,231 
2,302 
2,959 
2,111 
2,196 
1, 951 
5,029 
10, 499 
6,677 


10,754 
12, 829 
12, 410 
14, 444 
14, 276 
13, 634 
16, 335 
14,418 
13, 896 
23, 764 


3,843 
4,229 
4,303 
4,629 
4,453 
4,559 
4,273 
3,898 
3,323 
6,212 


117, 135 
138, 930 
130, 946 
150, 593 
66, 118 
31, 848 
21, 260 
12, 806 
12, 603 
34, 402 


1,570 


1912- 


1,781 


1913 _-- 


1,919 


1914. 


2,323 
2,065 


1915.- 


1916 


1,785 


1917 


1, 725 


1918 


1,707 


1919 


2,699 


1920 


3,755 




Total, 5 years, 
1921-1925 






716, 839 


201, 858 


26, 352 


98, 671 


15, 177 


106, 869 


25,884 


226, 590 


15. 438 


1921 


178, 313 
146, 672 
119, 136 
139, 956 
132, 762 


59, 866 
46, 403 
28,773 
33, 951 
32, 865 


6,248 
5, 310 
4,409 
4,937 

5,448 


21,009 
17, 202 
21,447 
25, 493 
13, 520 


4,959 
2,390 
2,403 
2,773 
2,652 


31, 759 
18, 656 
16, 727 
21, 636 
18, 091 


6,801 
4,803 
4,397 
4,835 
5,048 


44, 764 
49, 373 
37. 984 
43, 218 
51. 251 


2.907 
2,535 
2 996 


1922 


1923 


1924. 


3,113 


1925 - - 


3,887 




Total, 5 years, 
1926-1930 




932, 863 


198, 126 


28,648 


134,373 


26, 462 


75, 923 


32,157 


414, 556 


22,618 


1926 


150, 763 
180, 142 
196, 899 
183, 295 
221,764 


35, 116 
38, 837 
39,849 
41, 780 
42,544 


5,752 
5,779 
5,917 
5,188 
6,012 


17,924 
29, 628 
30, 114 
28,308 
28,399 


3,104 
4,511 
7,660 
5,104 
6.083 


16,206 
1.5, 671 
15. 022 
14, 262 
14, 762 


5,268 
7,313 
6,231 
6,304 
7.041 


63, 378 
73, 728 
87, 353 
77,953 
112, 144 


4,015 
4 675 


1927. 


1928 


4,753 


1929. 


4,396 
4,779 


1930. 





1 Aliens intending to return to the United States after a temporary visit abroad for less than a year. 

Table 80. — United States citizens permanently departed, years ended June SO, 1918 
to 19S0, by principal countries of intended future permanent residence 



Total, 13 years, 1918- 
1930 

1918 

1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923.... 

1924 

1925 

1926 

1927. 

1928 

1929 

1930 



Number 
departed 



519, 626 



56, 998 
39, 543 
64,564 
71, 391 
79, 198 
36, 260 
29,661 
25,429 
28, 182 
22, 786 
21,432 
23, 443 
20, 739 



Europe 



167, 876 



1,786 
3,976 
20, 776 
33,284 
50, 197 
16, 739 
10, 397 
9.285 
9,678 
5, 658 
3, 376 
2,188 
536 



Intended future permanent residence 



44, 065 



2,333 
2,094 
5,715 
5,461 
5,297 
4,566 
3,400 
2,593 
2,376 
3,137 
1,939 
2,552 
2,602 



Canada 
and 
New- 
found- 
land 



218, 963 



34, 697 
21,716 
25, 094 
23, 059 
15, 036 

9,023 
10, 537 

9,536 
11,758 
11, 124 
14, 797 
16,889 
15, 697 



Mexico 



23,269 



9,015 

2,934 

1,915 

1,766 

1,877 

1,203 

594 

699 

627 

439 

561 

725 

914 



West 
Indies 



29,961 



3,818 

2,564 

4,564 

3,547 

2.871 

2,479 

2,925 

1,975 

2,453 

1,505 

534 

439 

287 



Central 

and 

South 

America 



32, 305 



4,967 

5,944 

6,165 

4,010 

3,639 

1,875 

1,561 

1,114 

1,101 

723 

170 

516 

530 



Other 
coun- 
tries 



3,187 



392 
315 
335 
264 
281 
375 
247 
227 
189 
200 
55 
134 
171 



198 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table SI.— Immigration to the United States, 1S20 to 1930, by years 

[No official records were made of the influx of foreign population to this country prior to 1820. Although 
the number of immigrants arrived in the United States from the close of the Revolutionary War up 
to 1820 is not accurately known, it is estimated by good authorities at 250,000] 

Note.— For 1820 to 1867 the figures are for alien passengers arriving; for 1868 to 190.3, for immigrants 
arriving; for 1904 to 1906, for aliens admitted; and for 1907 to 1930, for immigrant aliens admitted. The 
years from 1S20 to 1831 and 1844 to 1849, inclusive, are those ending September 30; from 1833 to 1843 and 
1351 to 1867 those ending December 31; and beginning with 1869 and thereafter those ending June 30. The 
other periods cover 15 mouths ending December 31, 1832; 9 months ending December 31, 1843; 15 months 
ending December 31, 1850: and 6 months ending June 30, 1868. 



Grand total 111 

years, 1820-1930. 37, 762, 012 



1820. 



Total 10 vears, 
1821-1830 



1821. 
1822. 
1823. 
1824. 
1825. 
1826. 
1827. 
1828. 
1829. 
1830. 



Total 10 vears, 
1831-1840-'_ 



1831. 
1832. 
1833. 
1834. 
1835. 
1836. 
1837. 
1838- 
1839. 
1840. 



1841. 
1842. 
1843. 
1844. 
1845. 
1846. 
1847. 
1848. 
1849. 
1850. 



1851. 

1852. 



Total 10 years, 
1841-1850 



8,385 



143, 439 



9, 127 
6,911 
6,354 

7,912 
10, 199 

10, 837 
18, 875 
27, 382 

22, 520 

23, 322 



599, 125 



22, 633 
60, 482 
58, 640 
65, 365 
45, 374 
76, 242 
79, 340 
38, 914 
68, 069 
84, 066 



1,713,251 



Total 10 vears, 
1851-1860.'. 



80, 289 
104, 565 
52, 496 
78, 615 
114, 371 
154, 416 
234, 968 
226, 527 
297, 024 
369, 980 



2, 598, 214 

379, 466 
371, 603 



1853. 
1854. 
1855. 
1856. 
1857. 
1858. 
1859. 
1860. 



368, 645 
427, 833 
200, 877 
200, 436 
251, 306 
123, 126 
121,282 
153, 640 



Total 10 vears, 
1861-1870.- 



1861. 
1862_ 
1863. 
1864. 
1865. 
1866. 
1867_ 
1868. 
1869. 
1870. 



1871- 
1872. 
1873. 
1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877. 
1878. 
1879. 
1880. 



1881. 
1882. 
1883. 
1884. 
1885. 
1886. 
1887. 
1888. 
1889. 
1890. 



2, 314, 824 

91,918 
91, 985 
176, 282 
193, 418 
248, 120 
318, 568 
315, 722 
138, 840 
352, 768 
387, 203 



Total 10 vears, 
1871-1880-1 



Total 10 years, 
1881-1890 



2, 812, 191 

321, 350 
404, 806 
459, 803 
313, 339 
227, 498 
169, 986 
141, 857 
138, 469 
177, 826 
457, 257 



5, 246, 613 

669, 431 
788, 992 
603, 322 
518, 592 
395, 346 
334, 203 
490, 109 
546, 889 
444, 427 
455, 302 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 199 



Table 81. — Immigration to the United States, 1820 to 1930, by years — Continued 



Total 10 vears, 

1891-1900_1 3,687,564 



1891. 
1892. 
1893- 
1894. 
1895. 
1896. 
1897. 
1898. 
1899. 
1900. 



560, 319 
579, 663 
439, 730 
285, 631 
258, 536 
343, 267 
230, 832 
229. 299 
311, 715 
448, 572 



Total 10 vears, 

1901-1910_'. 8,795,386 



1901 487,918 

1902 648,743 

1903 857,046 

1904 812,870 

1905 1, 026, 499 

1906 1, 100, 735 

1907 1, 285, 349 

1908 782,870 

1909 751,786 

1910 1,041,570 



1911. 
1912. 
1913. 
1914. 
1915. 
1916. 
1917- 
1918_ 
1919- 
1920- 



1921. 
1922. 
1923. 
1924. 
1925- 
1926- 
1927. 
1928. 
1929- 
1930- 



Total 10 j'ears, 
1911-1920 



5,735,811 

878, 587 
838, 172 
1, 197, 892 
1, 218, 480 
326, 700 
298, 826 
295, 403 
110,618 
141, 132 
430, 001 



Total 10 years, 
1921-1930 



4, 107, 209 

805, 228 
309, 556 
522, 919 
706, 896 
294, 314 
304, 488 
335, 175 
307, 255 
279, 678 
241, 700 



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202 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 215 



3r^OO»o>c^iococoto 






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TT ^ CO t^ CO 



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216 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 






CCKOr^b-Ot^TPcDC^fCiOlOiCOCOiMi-lOS'-HCOOOOOt^Clt^l-^'^CCCDiO - 



t^eor^-ot^i^c^cocot^-^eo^ocftt 



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t^.-Htoh-'*aoc^aoco*o 



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CO C) CO CO 1-" 



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- '^CD00OSC0.-(CO»O-*C^t^i-HtOe0tOtoC0^i-'i-Hi-< ostoostoos 

C^tOC^OOOS'-^iOtOOi-HCD'^Oi— 'COeOCDt-lOSC^I t^CO^ CO00^i-<CO 



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o!t3 






REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 217 

Table 88. — Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, showing 
comparative per cent oj total, by race or people, years ended June SO 



Race or people 



Total 



African (black) 

Armenian 

Bohemian and Moravian 

(Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, and 

Montenegrin 

Chinese 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and 

Ilerzegovinian 

Dutch and Flemish... 

East Indian 

English 

Finnish 

French 

German 

Greeli 

Hebrew 

Irish 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south) 

Japanese 

Korean 

Lithuanian 

Magyar 

Mexican 

Polish 

Portuguese 

Rumanian 

Russian 

Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, 

Danes, and Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian 

Turkish. 

Welsh... 

West Indian (except Cu- 
ban) 

Other peoples 



Immigrant aliens, per cent of each 
race 



1926- 
1930 



100.0 



4 
.3 



.2 
.4 
.3 

.7 

(') 

1.1 

(') 

12.4 

.2 

6.1 

17.7 

.9 

3.9 

13.0 

.8 

5.2 
.2 

(') 

.1 

.4 

14.9 

1.4 
.3 
.1 
.4 
.2 

5.8 



.3 
1.1 
.2 
.1 



1926 1927 



100.0 100.0 



0.3 
.2 



.1 

.5 
.2 
.5 

(') 
1.0 



14.5 

.2 

7.3 

19.3 

.5 

3.4 

14.0 

.5 

2.6 

.2 

0) 

.1 

.4 
14.0 
1.0 
.3 
.1 
.4 
.2 

6.4 
9.0 
.1 
.2 
.8 
.2 

o 

.5 

.1 
.1 



0.3 
.3 



.3 
.3 
.6 

(•) 



12.0 

.2 

58 

16.9 

.8 

3.4 

13.3 

.8 

4.7 

.2 

(') 

.2 

.3 

19.9 

1.3 

.3 

.1 

.4 

.1 

5.7 
7.6 

.3 

.3 
1.0 

.2 
(') 

.4 

.1 
.1 



0.3 
.3 



.2 
.3 
.3 

.7 

(1) 
.9 

(') 
10.9 
.2 

5.8 

17.6 

.9 

3.8 

12.4 

.9 

5.2 
.2 

(') 

.1 

.4 

18.8 

1.4 
.3 
.1 
.4 
.1 

6.1 
7.5 
.7 
.3 
1.1 
.2 
.1 
.6 



1929 



100.0 



0.4 
.3 



(•) 

1.1 

(') 
10.7 
.2 

6.1 
19.9 

1.1 

4.5 

11 1 

.9 

5.9 
.3 

(') 
. 1 
.5 
13.9 

1.3 
.3 
.2 
.5 
.2 

6.9 

7.8 
.9 
.3 

1.2 
.2 

(>) 



1930 



100.0 



0.7 
.3 



(') 

1.9 

(') 

14.5 

.2 

5.7 

14.2 

1.6 

4.8 

14.5 

1.2 

8.5 

.3 

(') 

.2 

.6 

4.9 

2.0 

.3 

.2 

. 7 

.2 

3.5 
11.6 

1.3 
.5 

1.3 
.3 
.1 



Emigrant aliens, per cent of each 
race 



1926- 
1930 



100.0 



1.1 

.1 

1.8 

2.0 
5.2 
.5 
1.7 

.5 
1.5 

.1 
11.4 

.7 
2.4 
9.0 
3.9 

.4 
2.3 
3.3 
17.0 
1.5 

.1 

.4 
1.3 
6.7 
3.7 
2.6 
1.3 

.8 

. 1 



1.0 
3.4 
2.4 
.3 
.2 
.1 

1.1 
.3 



1.1 
.1 

1.9 

2.2 
3.7 

.8 
1.7 

.7 
1.3 

.1 
9.0 

.7 
1.7 
5.9 
6.7 

.4 
1.6 
3.9 
22.0 
1.6 
(') 

.6 
1.4 
4.1 
3.7 
3.9 
1.7 



5.4 

2.4 

1.1 

3.9 

1.8 

.3 

.3 

.1 



1.2 

.1 



2.2 
5.6 
.3 
1.3 

.5 
1.4 

.1 
10.2 

.8 
2.4 
7.5 
4.3 

.3 

2.0 

3.0 

21.3 

1.6 

. 1 

. 5 
1.3 
3.8 
3.7 
3.2 
1.6 

.7 
(') 

5. 
2.6 
.9 
3.8 
2.4 
.3 
.2 
.1 

1.0 
.3 



1928 1929 



100.0 100.0 



1.0 
.1 



1.8 
5.6 
.7 
1.7 

.5 
1.4 

.1 
11.3 

.8 
2.5 
10.4 
3.3 

.3 

2.1 

2.1 

20.4 

1.4 

.1 

.5 
1.3 
5.0 
3.9 
1.8 
1.2 

.8 

.1 

4.9 
2.9 
1.0 
3.3 
2.2 
.3 
.2 
.1 

1.0 
.2 



0.6 

(') 



.5 
1.6 

.1 
14.4 

.7 
2.3 
10.7 
2.6 

.3 
2.4 
5.5 
12.4 
1.3 
(') 

.4 
1.2 
10.4 
3.3 
2.8 
1.0 

.8 
(■) 

4.0 

2.4 

.6 

2.3 

2.5 

.2 

.1 

.2 

1.1 
.3 



1930 



100.0 



1.5 
1 



1.7 
6.7 
.6 
2.5 

.2 

2.0 

.1 

12.8 

.7 

3.8 

11.3 

1.5 

.6 

3.8 

1.5 

4.4 

2.0 

.1 

.4 

1.3 

12.4 

3.8 

.7 

.8 

.9 

(■) 

5.5 

4.4 

1.5 

3.5 

3.4 

.2 

.1 

.4 

1.4 
.3 



' Less than one- tench of l per cent. 



15597—30- 



-15 



218 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 219 




220 KEPOET OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 






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EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 221 



222 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 223 






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224 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 92. — Immigrant aliens admitted, with comparative per cent, by sex, years 
ended June SO, 1871 to 1930 





Total im- 
migrants 


Number 


Per cent 


Period 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Grand total 60 years 1871-1930 


30, 384, 774 


19, 296, 704 


11, 088, 070 


63.5 


36.5 






Total 10 years, 1871-1880 


2, 812, 191 


1, 725, 148 


1,087.043 


61.3 


38.7 






1371 . - 


321, 350 
404. 806 
459, 803 
313, 339 
227, 498 
169, 986 
141, 857 
138, 469 
177, 826 
457, 257 


190, 428 
240, 170 
275. 792 
189. 225 
139, 950 
111,786 
92, 033 
86, 259 
111, 882 
287, 623 


130, 922 

164, 636 

184,011 

124. 114 

87, 548 

58,200 

49, 824 

52, 210 

65,944 

169, 634 


59.3 
59.3 
60.0 
60.4 
61.5 
65.8 
64.9 
62.3 
62.9 
62.9 


40.7 


1872 - - 


40.7 


1873 --- 


40.0 


1874 - 


39.6 


1875 - 


38.5 


1876 


34.2 


1877 


35.1 


1878 --- 


37.7 


1879 


37.1 


1880 


37.1 


Total 10 years 1881-1890 


5, 246, 613 


3, 205. 911 


2, 040, 702 


61.1 


38.9 






1881 - - 


669, 431 
788, 992 
603, 322 
518, 592 
395, 346 
334, 203 
490, 109 
546, 889 
444, 427 
455, 302 


410, 729 
498, 814 
363, 863 
308, 509 
226, 382 
200,704 
306, 658 
345, 375 
263, 024 
281, 853 


258, 702 
290, 178 
239, 459 
210, 083 
168,964 
133, 499 
183, 451 
201, 514 
181, 403 
173, 449 


61.4 
63.2 
60.3 
59.5 
57.3 
60.1 
62.6 
63.2 
59.2 
61.9 


38.6 


1882 - 


36.8 


1883 - 


39.7 


1884 - -- 


40.5 


1885 - - 


42.7 


1886 


39.9 


1887 --- 


37.4 


1888 -- 


36.8 


1889 


40.8 


1890 - 


38.1 




3, 687. 564 


2, 297, 330 


1, 390, 234 


62.3 


37.7 








560, 319 
579, 663 
439, 730 
285, 631 
258, 536 
343, 267 
230, 832 
229, 299 
311,715 
448. 672 


354, 059 
361, 864 
280. 344 
169, 274 
149. 016 
212, 466 
135, 107 
135, 775 
195, 277 
304, 148 


206, 260 
217, 799 
159. 386 
116. 357 
109, 520 
130, 801 
95, 725 
93, 524 
116, 438 
144,424 


63.2 
62.4 
63.8 
59.3 
57.6 
61.9 
58.6 
59.2 
62.6 
67.8 


36.8 


1892 


37.6 




36.2 


1894 - - --- 


40.7 




42.4 


1896 -- 


38.1 




41.5 


1898 


40.8 




37.4 


1900 


32.2 






Total 10 years, 1901-1910 - - 


8, 795, 386 


6, 141, 942 


2, 653, 444 


69.8 


30.2 






1901 


487, 918 

648, 743 

857, 046 

812, 870 

1, 026, 499 

1, 100, 735 

1, 285, 349 

782, 870 

751, 786 

1, 041, 570 


331, 055 
466, 369 
613, 146 
549, 100 
724,914 
764, 463 
929,976 
506, 912 
519, 969 
736, 038 


156, 863 
182, 374 
243,900 
263, 770 
301, 585 
336, 272 
355, 373 
275, 958 
231, 817 
305, 532 


67.9 
71.9 
71.6 
67.6 
70.6 
69.5 
72.4 
64.8 
69.2 
70.7 


32.1 




28.1 


1903 -- 


28.6 




32.4 


1905 - -- 


29.4 


1906 - - --- 


30.5 


1907 


27.6 


1908 - 


35.2 


1909 


30.8 


1910- - - --- 


29.3 




5, 735, 811 


3, 643, 385 


2, 092, 426 


63.5 


36.5 








878, 587 
838, 172 
1, 197, 892 
1, 218. 480 
326, 700 
298, 826 
295, 403 
110, 618 
141, 132 
430, 001 


570,057 
529, 931 
808,144 
798, 747 
187, 021 
182, 229 
174, 479 
61, 880 
83, 272 
247, 625 


308, 530 
308, 241 
389, 748 
419, 733 
139, 679 
116, 597 
120, 924 
48, 738 
57, 860 
182, 376 


64.9 
63.2 
67.5 
65.6 
57.2 
61.0 
69.1 
55.9 
69.0 
57.6 


35.1 


1912 - 


36.8 




32.6 


1914 


34.4 




42.8 


1916 -- 


39.0 




40.9 


1918 


44.1 




41.0 


1920 -- 


42.4 


Total, 10 years, 1921-1930 - 


4, 107. 209 


2, 282, 988 


1, 824, 221 


55.6 


44.4 


1921 - - -- 


805. 228 
309, 556 
522, 919 
706, 896 
294, 314 
304, 488 
335, 175 
307, 255 
279, 678 
241, 700 


449, 422 
149, 741 
307, 522 
423. 186 
163, 252 
170, 567 
194, 163 
165, 977 
142, 132 
117, 026 


355, 806 
159, 815 
215, 397 
283, 710 
131, 062 
133, 921 
141,012 
141. 278 
137. 546 
124, 674 


55.8 
48.4 
58.8 
59.9 
55.5 
56.0 
57.9 
64.0 
60.8 
48.4 


44.2 




51.6 


1923 


41.2 




40.1 


1925 . 


44.5 


1926 


44.0 


1927 - -- 


42.1 


1928 - - 


46.0 


1929 


49.2 


1930 --- 


51.6 







REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOISTER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 225 

Table 93. — Emigrant aliens departed, with comparative per cent, by sex, years 
ended June SO, 1908 to 19S0 



Period 


Total emi- 
grants 


Number 


Per cent 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Grand total, 23 years, 1908-1930. 


4, 015, 381 


3, 174, 534 


840,847 


79.1 


20.9 






Total, 3 years, 1908-1910 - 


823, 311 


676, 539 


146, 772 


82.2 


17.8 






1908 -. - 


395, 073 
225. 802 
202, 436 


342. 883 

178, 814 
154, 842 


52, 190 
46, 988 
47, 594 


86.8 
79.2 
76.5 


13.2 


1909 . 


20.8 


1910 


23.5 






Total, 10 years, 1911-1920. - 


2, 146, 994 


1, 742, 299 


404, 695 


81.2 


18.8 






1911 


295, 666 
333, 262 
308, 190 
303, 338 
204, 074 
129, 765 
66, 277 
94, 585 
123, 522 
288, 315 


238, 922 
275, 970 
251, 808 
242, 208 
168, 072 
106, 625 
48, 427 
71, 352 
101, 167 
237, 748 


56, 744 

57, 292 
56, 382 
61, 130 
36,002 
23, 140 
17, 850 
23, 233 
22, 355 
50, 567 


80.8 
82.8 
81.7 
79.8 
82.4 
82.2 
73.1 
75.4 
81.9 
82.5 


19.2 


1912.. 


17.2 


1913 


18.3 


1914.. - 


20.2 


1915 


17.6 


1916 - 


17.8 


1917 


26.9 


1918 


24.6 


1919 

1920 


18.1 
17.5 


Total, 10 years, 1921-1930 


1, 045, 076 


755, 696 


289, 380 


72.3 


27.7 






1921 


247, 718 
198,712 
81, 450 
76, 789 
92,728 
76, 992 
73, 366 
77, 457 
69, 203 
50, 661 


189, 134 
143, 223 
54, 752 
57,313 
70, 865 
54, 989 
51, 536 
54, 786 
46, 533 
32, 565 


58,584 
55, 489 
26, 698 
19, 476 
21, 863 
22, 003 
21, 830 
22, 671 
22, 670 
18, 096 


76.4 
72.1 
67.2 
74.6 
76.4 
71.4 
70.2 
70.7 
67.2 
64.3 


23 6 


1922 


27.9 


1923-. 


32.8 


1924 


25.4 


1925.. 


23.6 


1926 


28.6 




29 8 


1928 


29.3 


1929 


32.8 


1930 


35.7 







' Sex of 29,708 estimated. This number, leaving the United States via Canadian border, was reported 
by the Canadian Government. 



226 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 94. 



-Immigrant aliens admitted, years ended June SO, 1927 to 1930, by 
countries of last permanent residence and sex 



Country of last permanent 


1927 


1928 


1929 


193 


residence 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


All countries . 


194, 163 


141,012 


165, 977 


141, 278 


142, 132 


137, 546 


117, 026 


124, 674 






Europe, total . 


91, 205 


77, 163 


78, 279 


80, 231 


73, 278 


85, 320 


67, 792 


79 646 






Albania 


143 
518 
358 
135 

1,817 
131 

1,735 
56 
182 

2,257 
28, 573 

5,071 
273 

6,504 

641 

573 

318 

14,861 

8,397 

157 

354 

58 

916 

3,686 

4,102 

432 

577 
418 

264 
5, 705 
1, 230 
62 
480 
221 


100 

498 

406 

87 

1,723 

92 

770 

83 

256 

2, 14K 

19, 940 

4,919 
218 

6,107 
427 

1,516 

495 

13, 193 

8,900 

246 

416 

53 

817 

2,382 

5,109 

135 
693 

765 

165 

2,582 
891 
154 
710 
167 


109 

563 

336 

87 

1,694 

121 

1,604 

52 

220 

2,178 

24, 620 

3,564 
409 

5,474 

871 

410 

351 

11,880 

6,075 
100 
22^ 
60 
954 
3,312 
4,187 

344 
537 
473 

279 

5,214 

1,115 

90 

517 
257 


154 

714 

362 

71 

1,877 

103 

869 

84 

253 

2,260 

21, 158 

3,774 
315 

5,611 
664 

1,918 

506 

12,664 

11,653 

158 

309 

46 

889 

2,348 

4,568 

240 
839 
781 

176 
2,837 
879 
152 
869 
133 


135 
533 
324 
108 

1, 830 
109 

1,569 

46 

246 

2,220 
22, 870 

3,800 

1,206 

5, 547 

809 

408 

415 

7,974 

6,201 
106 
201 
62 
890 
3,156 
3, 654 

291 
616 
352 

265 

5,355 

1,166 

84 

493 

237 


194 

723 

345 

107 

2,581 

95 

956 

95 

170 

2,208 

23, 881 

4,208 
1,043 
6,345 

618 
1,858 

630 
9,698 

11,807 

228 

424 

50 

852 

2,821 

5,348 

332 

1,091 

582 

282 
3,522 
974 
147 
876 
229 


108 

768 

490 

77 

1,946 

S3 

630 

54 

235 

1,908 

13, 382 

6,596 

2,815 

8,053 

782 

405 

564 

8,150 

7,955 

124 

208 

52 

1,667 

1,410 

3,890 

279 
585 
.371 

307 
1,925 
955 
80 
547 
391 


233 


Austria .-_ 


976 


Belgium 


419 


Bulgaria.- 


134 


Czechoslovakia 


2,492 
59 


Danzig, Free Citv of 


Denmark. ..." 


531 


Estonia 


78 


Finland 


290 


France, including Corsica 

Germany 


1,805 
13, 187 


Great Britain: 

England . 


6,288 


Northern Ireland 


2,659 


Scotland 


8,639 


Wales 


657 


Greece 


1,886 


Hungary . 


701 


Irish Free State 


9,821 


Italy, including Sicily and 
Sardinia. 


14,372 


Latvia. ... 


246 


Lithuania 


404 


Luxemburg 


69 


Netherlands 


1,071 


Norway 


1,239 


Poland 


5,341 


Portugal, including Azores, 
Cape Verde, and Madeira 
Islands 


358 


Rumania .. .. 


1,141 


Russia.. 


762 


Spain, including Canary and 
Balearic Islands 


363 


Sweden _. 


1,184 


Switzerland 


734 


Turkev in Europe 


142 


Yugoslavia 


1,190 


Other Europe 


175 






Asia, total . 


2,311 


1,358 


1,983 


1,397 


2,220 


1, 538 


2,704 


1,831 






Armenia 


6 

1,045 

68 

490 

308 

24 

206 

9 

155 


7 

426 

34 

233 

156 

9 

384 

51 

58 


10 
860 

71 
376 
325 

32 
140 

17 
152 


11 
460 

31 
174 
229 

18 
364 

42 

68 


4 
941 

79 
546 
302 

20 
119 

17 
192 


9 
505 

24 
225 
298 

17 
350 

40 

70 


3 
990 

86 
567 
379 

17 
128 

27 
507 


10 


China 


599 


India 


24 


Japan . 


270 


Palestine 


323 


Persia 


16 


Syria .. .. . 


369 


Turkey in Asia 


78 


Other Asia 


142 






America, total 


99, 890 


61,982 


85, 072 


59, 209 


65, 992 


50, 185 


45,454 


42, 650 






Canada .. . . .. 


43, 379 

1,817 

48, 653 

2,055 

450 

74 

919 

808 

1,735 


38, 127 

1,257 

19, 068 

965 

549 

34 

744 

281 

953 

4 


39, 212 

960 

38, 644 

2,085 

507 

15 

882 

845 

1,920 

2 


33, 942 

1,167 

20, 372 

927 

539 

16 

838 

368 

1,033 

7 


33, 625 

956 

25, 455 

2,075 

599 

41 

802 

650 

1,786 

3 


30, 815 

1,055 

14,699 

951 

681 

24 

690 

264 

1,003 

3 


31,931 

802 

6,686 

2,126 

961 

20 

787 

427 

1,713 

1 


31,571 


Newfoundland 


950 


Mexico 


6,017 


Cuba 

Other West Indies 


1,006 
1,132 


British Honduras 


22 


Other Central America 

Brazil. 


789 
229 


Other South America 

Other America 


933 
1 








Others, total 


757 


509 


643 


438 


642 


503 


1,076 


547 






Egypt 


138 
194 

264 

143 
18 


90 

98 

200 

105 
16 


134 

178 

202 

112 
17 


81 

82 

183 

81 
11 


144 
155 

256 

76 
11 


120 
90 

192 

95 
6 


189 
194 

542 

135 
16 


88 


Other Africa 


101 


Australia and appertaining 
islands 


248 


New Zealand and appertain- 
ing islands 


101 


Other Pacific islands. 


9 







REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 227 



Table 95.— Emigrant aliens departed, years ended June SO, 1927 to 1930, by 
countries of intended future permanent residence and sex 



Country of intended future 
permanent residence 


1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


All countries... .- 


51, 536 


21,830 


54,786 


22, 671 


46, 533 


22, 670 


32, 565 


18,096 


Europe, total 


38, 832 


16, 570 


40, 473 


16, 712 


31, 986 


15, 295 


18, 566 


10, 972 




223 
264 
254 
118 

1,601 

5 

316 

11 

295 

807 

2,216 

2,436 
66 
646 
27 
2,680 
481 
439 

15,087 

11 

213 

5 

276 

1,158 

1,934 

1,883 
819 
159 

1,941 

643 

339 

23 

1,448 
8 


14 

204 

228 

12 

675 

1 

220 

3 

241 

830 

2,532 

2,558 
99 
795 
17 
450 
360 
610 

2,672 
10 
101 
8 
180 
628 
716 

464 

429 

80 

237 
472 
255 

1 

463 

5 


86 

331 

263 

98 

1,489 

1 

310 

8 

353 

1,028 

3,506 

3,244 

101 

719 

22 

2,130 
541 
549 

14, 925 

30 

205 

8 

320 

1,208 

2,222 

1,148 
697 
322 

1,740 

810 

418 

34 

1,574 

33 


4 
249 
222 

12 

581 


82 

258 

307 

67 

1,204 

8 

286 

17 

274 

895 

3,447 

3,073 
20 
790 
22 
1,479 
456 
734 

10,154 
22 
165 

7 

304 

•654 

1,661 

1,619 
469 
232 

1,026 

620 

342 

8 

1,251 

33 


5 

188 

231 

11 

485 

5 

200 

19 

192 

899 

2,883 

2,985 
21 
861 
34 
257 
305 
718 

2,157 
17 
92 
3 
162 
309 
612 

300 

249 
82 

133 
355 
238 
3 
273 
11 


32 

166 

291 

75 

865 

14 

178 

23 

158 

1,090 

2,364 

2,197 
201 
840 
67 
599 
332 
653 

2,103 

15 

105 

9 

304 

655 

1,414 

183 
335 
195 

1,059 

686 

260 

4 

1,028 

66 


1 








198 








301 








230 
3 

232 
1,002 
3,139 

2,795 
84 
779 
17 
331 
379 
566 

2,399 
25 
114 
10 
194 
478 
849 

210 
305 
104 

243 
472 
308 

4 
367 

5 


127 




116 

888 
2,275 




France, including Corsica 


Great Britain: 

England 


1,858 




120 






Wales 


38 


Greece 


218 
589 


Hungary 


Irish Free State 


Italy, including Sicily and 
Sardinia . 


551 


Latvia 




Lithuania 








Netherlands 


172 
430 
565 


Norway 


Poland .. 


Portugal, including Azores, 
Cape Verde, and Madeira 
Islands 


72 


Rumania . 




Russia 


61 


Spain, including Canary and 
Balearic Islands . . 


172 


Sweden,.- 




Switzerland 


205 


Turkey in Europe 




Yugoslavia 




Other Europe 






6,315 


692 


5,349 


724 


4,380 


676 


4,086 


706 


Armenia 


18 

3,945 

102 

894 

111 

29 
123 

56 

37 


2 

234 
24 
311 
31 
4 
62 
18 
6 


14 

4,083 

132 

768 

73 

18 

170 

48 

43 


4 

281 

24 

317 

4 

5 

75 

13 

1 


12 

3,345 

118 

663 

54 

13 

105 

38 

32 


1 

281 

33 

282 

8 

7 

49 

9 

6 


3 

3,114 

96 

747 

41 

9 

26 

12 

38 


2 


China 




India 


25 




288 


Palestine 


5 






S\Tia.. - 


9 


Turkev in .•Vsia . 


7 


Other Asia 




America, total 


7,007 


4,296 


8,623 


4,997 


9,836 


6,488 


9,588 


6,185 


Canada 


1,300 

249 

2,139 

1,070 

905 

10 

425 

139 

770 


653 
238 
818 
528 
1,229 

10 
276 

70 
474 


1,705 

291 

2,779 

1,359 

991 

11 

438 

91 

958 


824 

241 

1,178 

594 

1,300 

8 

301 

48 

503 


1,664 

208 

4,660 

1,102 

772 

5 

409 

164 

852 


1,042 

204 

2,535 

615 

1,176 

6 

316 

73 

521 


1,814 

51 

4,277 

1,171 

686 

8 

477 

185 

918 

1 


1,328 




36 




2,078 


Cuba 


626 


Other West Indies 


1,094 




13 


Other Central America 

Brazil 


371 
103 


Other South America 

Other America 




Others, total 


382 


272 


341 


238 


331 


211 


325 


233 


Egypt . 


18 
55 

227 

59 
23 


10 
29 

152 

70 

11 


16 
74 

185 

57 
9 


3 

48 

140 

43 
4 


40 

75 

161 

50 
5 


16 
37 

113 

37 

8 


30 
85 

138 

61 
11 


9 


Other Africa 




Australia and appertaining 


101 


New Zealand and appertain- 


58 


Other Pacific islands 


9 







228 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 















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230 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



Table 97. — Immigrant aliens admitted, years ended June 30, 1927 to 1930, by 

race or people and sex 

[For annual total by race, see Table 86] 



Race or people 



Total. 



African (black) - 

Armenian 

Bohemian and Moravian 

(Czech) 

Bulgarian, Serbian, and 

Montenegrin 

Chinese - 

Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban 

Dalmatian, Bosnian, and 

Herzegovinian --. 

Dutch and Flemish 

East IndLian 

English 

Finnish.. -.- 

French 

German • 

Greek 

Hebrew 

Irish - ■ 

Italian (north) 

Italian (south 

Japanese — — 

Korean. ■ 

Lithuanian. ■ 

Magyar ■ 

Mexican 

Pacific Islander 

Polish- 

Portuguese 

Rumanian 

Russian — 

Ruthenian (Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, 

Danes, and Swedes) 

Scotch 

Slovak - 

Spanish 

Spanish American 

Syrian 

Turkish 

Welsh 

West Indian (except Cuban) 
Other peoples 



1927 



Male 



194, 163 



415 
263 

1,239 

322 
830 

352 
1,435 

37 

1,713 

47 

20,768 

278 

10, 396 

33, 142 

864 

5,255 

24,149 

1,433 

7,826 

449 

40 

246 

467 

48, 107 

5 

2,177 

653 

184 

586 

246 

12,546 

12,940 

634 

648 

1,923 

302 

39 

775 

188 

244 



Female 



141, 012 



540 
720 

1,167 

278 
221 

469 

484 

32 

1,412 

4 

19,397 

351 

8,917 

23, 445 

1,693 

6,228 

20,577 

1,204 

8,066 

211 

7 

303 

582 

18, 659 

3 

2,072 

190 

238 

663 

199 

6,689 

12, 604 

383 

417 

1,262 
382 
73 
525 
193 
152 



1928 



Male 



165, 977 



Female 



141, 278 



463 
264 

625 

245 

668 

330 

1,551 

46 

1,57b 

37 

16, 894 

244 

9,926 

29,222 

696 

5,311 

19, 412 

1,169 

5,637 

358 

19 

107 

501 

37, 965 

2 

2,381 

562 

162 

600 

234 

11,716 

11,454 

1,191 

592 

2,052 

226 

72 

1,016 

192 

. 262 



493 

798 

623 

286 
263 
608 
507 

49 

1,307 

1 

16, 703 

300 

8,037 

24,935 

2,152 

6,328 

18, 781 

1,484 

10, 450 

164 

3 

219 

611 

19,800 



1929 



Male 



142, 132 



1,857 
282 
281 

649 
177 

6,948 
11,723 

1,006 
426 

1,438 
387 
71 
707 
202 
222 



563 
243 

643 

301 
800 
422 

1,586 

41 

1,614 

49 

14, 649 

219 

9,319 

27, 640 

854 

5,157 

14, 969 

1,096 

6,874 

504 

41 

125 

691 

24, 798 

2 

1,689 

450 

221 

530 

309 

11, 390 

10,299 

1,050 

464 

1,980 

245 

55 

965 

181 

204 



Female 



137, 546 



691 



784 

384 
271 
653 
555 

78 
1,335 

15, 197 
290 

7,638 
27, 991 

2,171 

7,322 
15, 953 

1, 535 

10, 578 
212 

8 

284 

751 

14, 182 

2 

1,818 

403 

364 

822 

223 

8,038 

11, 627 
1,393 

435 
1,279 
387 
72 
694 
199 
234 



1930 



Male 



117, 026 



Female 



785 
192 

301 

236 

721 

479 

1,535 

36 

2,808 

43 

17, 369 

210 

7,349 

17, 403 

1,570 

4,762 

17, 060 

974 

7,803 

544 

22 

127 

669 

6,322 



2,301 
364 
124 
680 
236 

4,833 

13,329 

1,367 

573 
1,914 

249 

67 

1.147 

269 

253 



124, 674 



1,021 
598 

352 

508 
249 
835 

587 

72 
1,905 

8 

17, 591 

346 

6,422 

17, 012 

2,223 

6,764 

17,887 

1,848 

12, 691 

252 

5 

299 

873 

5,593 



2,623 
416 
308 
954 
237 

3,645 
14,788 

1,847 
596 

1,323 
388 
108 
896 
331 
273 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 231 



Table 98. — Emigrant aliens departed, years ended June 30, 1927 to 1930, by race 

or people and sex 

[For annual total by race, see Table 87] 





1927 


1928 


1929 


1930 




Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Total 


51, 536 


21,830 


64,786 


22, 671 


46, 533 


22,670 


32, 565 


18,096 






African (black) 


365 
42 

1,176 

1,229 

3,910 

207 

638 

249 

588 

74 

3, 758 

321 

912 

2, 036 

2,689 

148 

674 

1,647 

13, 513 

852 

45 

216 

541 

1,978 

4 

1,977 

1,899 

792 

345 

15 

2,269 
962 
547 
2,382 
1,121 
133 
137 
44 
304 
197 


505 
9 

548 

363 
207 
44 
342 

131 

417 

9 

3,691 

256 

849 

2,879 

451 

76 

758 

562 

2,114 

296 

7 
115 
405 
796 

3 
748 
464 
409 
165 

4 

1,409 

968 

146 

399 

671 

70 

29 

21 

450 

44 


358 
35 

916 

1,139 

4,049 

456 

875 

224 
648 
104 

4,786 
391 
965 

4,366 

2,184 
184 
862 

1,201 

13, 826 

753 

30 

229 

630 

2,709 
1 

2,191 

1, 176 

625 

476 

46 

2,506 
1,229 

581 
2,193 
1,069 

162 
98 
57 

290 

166 


431 
12 

411 

257 

251 

78 

407 

137 

436 

2 

3,994 

256 

950 

3,720 

341 

69 

787 

425 

2,008 

302 

9 

122 

394 

1,164 

2 

S55 

254 

283 

166 

13 

1,261 

1,039 

165 

385 

651 

70 

18 

28 

495 

23 


186 
20 

931 

1,108 

3,279 

144 

738 

213 

654 

63 

5,054 

280 

814 

4,079 

1,518 

125 

877 

3,005 

7,244 

657 

25 

169 

497 

4, 650 

2 

1,680 

1,645 

450 

385 

17 

1,790 

872 

32S 

1,293 

1,078 

85 

46 

70 

310 

152 


239 
6 

377 

233 

217 

32 

428 

134 

447 

4 

4,906 

207 

807 

3,304 

275 

64 

782 

821 

1,366 

274 

7 

101 

323 

2,522 

1 

636 

316 

239 

163 

9 

956 

805 

109 

272 

677 

50 

15 

45 

451 

50 


283 

38 

407 

671 

3,086 

239 

849 

73 

622 

62 

3,459 

197 

1,047 

2,990 

642 

183 

1,088 

591 

1,748 

733 

26 

114 

412 

4,241 

3 

1,375 

231 

285 

326 

11 

1,667 

1,221 

595 

1,430 

1,053 

57 

20 

116 

261 

113 


493 


Armenian 


19 


Bohemian and Moravian 
(Czech) 


167 


Bulgarian, Serbian, and 


175 


Chinese 


318 


Croatian and Slovenian 

Cuban. . 


41 
425 


Dalmatian, Bosnian, and 


46 


Dutch and Flemish. 


376 


East Indian 


3 


English 


3,002 


Finnish 


134 


French . ... . 


898 


German 


2,742 


Greek 


143 


Hebrew 


116 


Irish . 


852 


Italian (north) . - 


164 


Italian (south) . . 


458 


Japanese 


271 


Korean .... _ . . 


7 




80 


Magyar 


256 




2,055 




4 


Polish 


549 


Portuguese 


105 


Rumanian 


144 




146 


Ruthenian ( Russniak) 

Scandinavian (Norwegians, 

Danes, and Swedes). 

Scotch 


1 

1,108 
989 


Slovak 


163 


Spanish 


346 


Spanish American... . .. 


688 


Syrian 


24 


Turkish 


6 


Welsh. 


64 


West Indian (except Cuban). 
Other peoples.. 


476 
42 







232 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OP IMMIGRATION 



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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 233 



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15597— 3C 



234 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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EEPORT OP THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 235 



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—I 60 



236 EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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0»O30aCiO5a>O5Ci0505Ol05CS03C3iOS<35O5O50lO52 



EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 241 



1-H .-I CC O »C O «-! »-< C^) C^ O: CD t-< C5 ^ O 00 X OO ^ CO 00 t^ O t^ ^ *o t^ 

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Ol i-< "* i-iCft t^ N i-iOOCOCOOOCCDC^IC^I-^OeCOs CSOOOi OO O b- 50 ■^" 

^ * ' i-i ' ' ' ' f-i ' r^ * id iC i-H (-H -^ i-H CO '-"^ ' *w^i-i " ' " ■ 

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c^ ' ' i-J c^ ^ ' * c4 * o ^ CD oc ^ --I'^ 1-H Tf^ ".—V ' i-A-^^c^ .... 

CO cs «— I t-* 00 CO CO ococcoooc^co'^cc-'— "CDcc*^: c^ o c^ 00 o CD w us' 

~0> ^-< CO >0 Ol V •-< »^00r*'-HC*ICO00Ci0cD»CCOCOCD CO 00 "^ CD CO 05 csi •«*< 

i-H * ' *Ci«-« ' *iM ' CO ^ -^ t>^ i-H 1-H -TjJ 1-^ t^ '.— N * *coC^.-* * 'r-i ' 

00 CO CO ^00 c<i r-t c*icDt-*cooo50iCTicDoocDo&c; cToo^S* t^t^aso*o 

I-H * ' 1-H cs »-5 ' 'c4 * 1-J 1-4 -^ t^ cvi c*i *c .-J CD '^ ' *o6^i-* ' '•-* * 

O tP ■^ CI t-^ O <N »-ir*OOiOSCD'^Ot>-t^O^O io"'^ O CO O 00 OS OS 

c4 ' * '■^i-J * *i-4f-lod ' cd*d CO N -^ ci <i^^ ' 't^C^WT-* '^ ' 

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<N ' * 'OO^S S*-^--^© * CD CO C4 '«** CO *OOCS.— N ' 'o^i-H * ' rA ' 

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cs * * '^1-H ■ ■1-H--40 ' to ":; M CO Tj5 ,-H i^ I-H ^-^ ' ',-;C^e4 * 'd ' 

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00 <-H Tj* r- lO CD --t 1-H O CO "O O 00 I-H (N CD CO CM CD OS -^ CO CO W i-H £> t^ O 

T-1 T-H M I-H 04 ^ 1-H O 00 CS .-H CD <-H -^ 1-H -^J* CO 1-H l-t 



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OS CO 00 I-H 00 O C^ CD O 00 OS O r-H 00 CO (N O 00 O CM CD I>- t- I-H -^ O 10 I-H r* 



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t^ CM »0 CM CMOSO COt^OSOO'^ 



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CM CM CM COOCMrH O CD r- "O CM -^ OS t- O CM CD CD 

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CO CO 1-H CM 1-H f-H CM 



CM CO CM ^ CO CO ^ CD OS 00 OS 00 I-H CD OS OS CD to TjH 00 OS 1-H CM CO CM CO Tr4 CD OS 00 

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242 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GEXEKAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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E.EPOET OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 243 







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ther mental co: 
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riminals at tim 
riminals after « 
narchists, and 
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iipportcd by o 
prostitution oi 
prostitution oi 
quented by j)r 
liens who proc 
in prostitutes 
purposes, or a 
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ft- X < 



244 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



S 

s 

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<0 



"S-S 



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6, 694 
12 

2,019 
166 
12 
73 

2,696 

305 
1, 156 





3.9 

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r^c^cDco r-ico I- CO 
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1928 


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CO 
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t^ »o c; -^ o> CO ceo 

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10 -<■" .-.' 








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15 

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<N CO 00 00 t^ ■* OiOi 

00 ^ cm^ »o CI 05 000 

LO .-H Tj. 00 --1 

■* (N 





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Total 5 

years, 

1926- 

1930 


m 


iC 

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^ 00 CD r^ 00 Tt* CO "C 

00 00 CO in; I^ <M Crs ^ CD 

en T»<co— iiMC) coo 
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10 ^ Oi »o 

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1 1 1 cf.-r 



1 


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1 1 . Tj' ^ C^ 00 CO fC 

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CD "OOO .-1 


Total 5 
years, 
1921- 

1925 


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CO 1 1 CD I— CO CO .^ ^- 

C-) 1 u- 0000 00 02 

1-- I 1 M< C^l -«• CD CO 

cf 1 1 « oo-cd" 








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1 


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1 1 1 r-. C^ t^ 1^ — 1 .^J- 
III —1 00 (M 



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C5 


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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 245 



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246 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOISrER GENEEAL OF IMMIGRATION" 



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Canadian Pacific ports 

Mexican border seaports 

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REPORT OF THE COMMISSIOXEE GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION" 247 



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252 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION 



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