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Full text of "Annual report of the Commissioner of Fisheries to the Secretary of Commerce for the fiscal year ended .."

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

R. P. LAMONT, Secretary 

BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

HENRY O'MALLEY, CommUiioner 



REPORT 



OF THE 



UNITED STATES 
COMMISSIONER OF FISHERIES 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1928 

WITH 

APPENDIXES 



Part II 




UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1930 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. Price $1.65 



CONTENTS 

Page 
Check list of the fishes and fishlike veutebkates of North and 
Middle America xNorth of the northern boundary of Venezuela 
AND Colombia. By David Starr Jordan, Barton Warren Everniann, 
and Howard Walton Clark. (Document No. 1055. Issued February, 
1930) : _ 1-670 



^^jff 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



HEADQUARTERS STAFF, 1927-28 



Commissioner 
Henry O'Mallet 

Deputy Commissioner. — Lewis Radcliffb. 
Assistants in Charge of Divisions: 

Office. — Irving H. Dunlaf. 

Fish Culture. — Glen C. Leach. 

Inquiry Respecting Food Fishes. — Elmer Higgins. 

Fishery Industries. — Oscar E. Sette. 

Alaska Service. — Ward T. Bower. 
Architect and Engineer. — George A. Schneider. 
Accountant. — Charles W. Scudder. 

Superintendent Central Station and Aquaria. — L. G. Harron. 
Editor. — Anna B. Brown. 
IV 



CHECK LIST OF THE FISHES AND FISHLIKE VERTEBRATES OF 
NORTH AND MIDDLE AMERICA NORTH OF THE NORTHERN 
BOUNDARY OF VENEZUELA AND COLOMBIA ' 



By 

David Starr Jordan, Barton Warren Evermann, and 
Howard Walton Clark 



INTRODUCTION 

The present memoir comprises a list of all the fishes and fishlike 
vertebrates known to occur in the watei-s of north and middle America; 
more specifically all of continental America north of the Isthmus of 
Panama, and the outlying islands including the West Indies, the 
Greater and the Lesser Antilles, Greenland, Iceland, and the islands 
off the Pacific coast of Central xVmerica, Alexico, the United States, 
and Alaska. The salt-water species on the northern coasts of Co- 
lombia and Venezuela have been included. Those of the (ialapagos, 
the Sea of Okhotsk, and the west coast of Kamchatka are not included. 
Oceanic species in general within the 1,000-fathom curve have been 
admitted, although it is not always easy to draw the line. 

The majority of the species included will be found described in 
Fishes of North and Middle America, a 4-volume work by Jordan 
and Evermann published in 1896 to 1900 as Bulletin 47 of the United 
States National Museum. No other general work restricted to this 
continent and containing descriptions of all known species has been 
written. On that work was based the Check List of 1896 by Jordan 
and Evermann, of which the present Check List may be regarded as 
a revision. 

In the present list are given, in as natural sequence as our present 
knowledge permits, (1) the names of all species and subspecies that 
the authoi-s admit as valid, (2) as many of the vernacular or common 
names for each species as have been readily obtainable, (3) the 
known geographic distribution of each species, (4) the reference to 
the original description of the species, and (5) the reference to every 
real synonym. If a species has been described as new but once, 
there will, of course, be but one reference (as, for example, Photo- 
corynus fijriniceps on p. 509); if it has been described as new six times 
there will be six references (as, for example, Eupomotis gibbosus on 
p. 302). Thus, this work is really a check list of all the scientific 
names that have ever been applied to any American fish. 

As 4,139 species and subspecies are admitted as valid, and as there 
are more than 3,000 real synonyms, it appears that each American 
fish has been described as new about two times on an average. 

The first attempt at a Synopsis of the Fishes of North America was 
published by David Humphreys Storer in the Memoirs of the Ameri- 

« Appendii X to the Report of the U. S. Commissioner of Fisheries for 1928. B. F. Doc. 1055. 

I 



2 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

can Academy of Arts and Sciences of Boston in 1846. That work 
enumerates 739 species distributed in 221 genera. As the fishes of 
the Rocky Mountain region, Mexico, the Pacific coast, and the West 
Indies were then scarcely known, this list was very incomplete and 
the nomenclature naturally was imperfect. 

After an elaborate survey of the Pacific coast fish fauna in 1880, 
David Starr Jordan and the late Charles Henry Gilbert published a 
Synopsis of the Fishes of North America (1882), including all species 
known north of the Mexican boundary. The 1,340 species names in 
that synopsis were arranged in 487 genera; a few other species 
appeared in the appendix. 

Jordan's Catalogue of the Fishes Known to Inhabit the Waters of 
North America North of the Tropic of Cancer (1887) was based on 
this synopsis and includes a number of additional species. 

In the present memoir we have followed implicitly the rules of 
nomenclature laid down by the International Commission for Zoo- 
logical Nomenclature, of which the senior author has been a member 
since 1908. One single case now under discussion (Carcharias) has 
not been disposed of fully as yet, and the view recommended by 
Jordan is adopted here tentatively. An important rule set forth by 
Jordan and Evermann in 1895 has not been acted upon. This rule 
reads: "We regard all generic names as dift'erent unless actually 
spelled alike." In accordance with decisions of the commission, 
another rule, which we have followed, is this: "No change is to be 
made in current nomenclature unless the case is fairly clear; as, for 
example, a matter of priority." In general we have followed current 
practice rather than accept questionable changes. One doubtful 
opinion should not be exchanged for another. The original orthog- 
raphy of all names (misprints aside) has been retained. Some 
supposed misprints (Cypsilurus, Pachynathus, etc.) have been 
referred to the International Commission, whose verdicts have been 
followed. 

In accordance with the decision of the International Commission, 
we have disregarded (unless revived by later authors) the polynomial 
generic names of Gronow, Klein, Browne, and other able early 
writers, who failed to adopt the Linnsean code simply because they 
had not heard of it. This decision rests not on consideration of 
justice but upon that of permanence. 

The most serious problem in taxonomy is that of the assignment 
of generic types to the genera of authors who had no conception of 
types. The "rule of the first reviser" was adopted by the commission 
at Boston in 1908, and the present writers have endeavored to 
follow it. 

By far the most complete work on North American fishes is that by 
Jordan and Evermann, mentioned above — the Fishes of North and 
Middle America. In that work the authors recognized 1,113 genera, 
3,263 species, and 133 subspecies — a total of 3,396 species and sub- 
species. The check list of Fishes and Fishlike Vertebrates of North 
and Middle America, by Jordan and Evermann, based upon the above 
and pu})lished in 1896, enumerates 3,100 species arranged in 1,053 
genera, these being about double those in the Jordan catalogue of 
1887, the additions being mainly from Mexico, the West Indies, and 
the deep seas. 

The late modern period in systematic ichthyology is from 1880 to 
the present time and is especially signalized by the explorations of 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES d 

the deep sea, of most of the continents, and of fossil beds. The un- 
exampled explorations of Eigenmann in South America belong to 
this period, as also the records of Boidenger of the fishes of South 
Africa and the varied researches of Regan in the rich material of the 
British Museum. In this period the faunas of Australia, Japan, and 
Siberia have been studied critically and successfully. Our knowledge 
of fossil fishes is assuming definite form through the work of Wood- 
ward, Zittel, Hay, Errol Ivor White, and othere who have given verte- 
brate paleontology, as related to ichthyology, a constructive turn. 

We may again emphasize the distinction between the ancient and 
modern periods in animal taxonomy. Beginning with 1758, the 
date of Linnseus's Systema Nature, for 60 years a genus was usually 
regarded merely as a convenient pigeonhole into which species w^ere 
thrown. With Cuvier's Regne Animal (1817) came the conception 
of arrangement "according to organization," or comparative anat- 
omy. With Darwin's Origin of Species, 40 years later (1859), 
zoologists began, though slowly at first, to realize that a classification 
must be more than an inventory; that its basis must be genetic, and 
that the problems involved in natural grouping are vastly more 
complex than even great morphologists like Cuvier and Agassiz 
had realized. To paraphrase a sentence of Elliott Coues, "genera 
and species are but larger and smaller twigs of a tree, which we try 
to arrange as nearly as possible in accordance with nature's rami- 
fications." This view, applied to taxonomy, involves the extensive 
subdivision of accepted genera, many of which wore in the highest 
degree unnatural. Subdivision as practiced in the present paper 
may go too far in some rases, but our material nuist be analyzed 
first before we can group its parts in natural synthesis. No system 
of naming can progress beyond the knowledge on which it rests. 
We may emphasize here a statement attributed to Aristotle that 
"one should never expect a degree of accuracy which the subject 
matter does not permit." 

Each tendency in evolution, large or small, diverging from the 
main current, should properly stand as a separate genus. 

The problem of subspecies among fishes is especially incomplete 
and confused. Most of the marine species arc clearly definable and 
not often subject to intergradations. Among the fresh-water forms, 
all sorts of modifications occur. A species, in general, is a definable 
group of related individuals that have run the gauntlet of life and 
have endured. Among our river fishes we find species of dift'erent 
types. There are numerous cases of species of compact though 
often wide distribution, in which all individuals are, to all appear- 
ances, similar. Plxamples of this type are the common perch {Ferca 
fluviatilis), the common sucker {Catostomus commertionii), and the 
minnows (Ericymba huccatn and Exoglosnum mnxillinqua) . Other 
forms, which we have elsewhere called geminate or twin species, 
may be distinct enough, having a few tangible characters of difference 
in spite of general resemblance. These, for the most part, are set 
apart from each other by barriers, their distinctness proportional to 
the efiiciency of the barrier. Their origin may be due to the crossing 
of these barriers by individuals from the mass of their kind, thus 
acquiring a different environment with a different typo of selection. 
Illustrations of geminate species set off by isolation may be found in 
abundance, as among the trout of western America, and other species, 



4 IT. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

especially in the Panama region, where many geminate species are 
found on each side of the Isthmus, which has split its species from 
their mates since Miocene times. The Miocene fossil fishes of Cali- 
fornia are largely geminate in origin, twins or parents of species now 
appearing on the coast. In most cases such forms are clearly distinct 
but to all appearance ancestral, the existing distinctions apparently 
due to varying incidents of selection in varying environment. Gem- 
inate species rarely inhabit the same region, though exceptions are 
known, attributable to reinvasion. 

In many cases the distinctions between geminate forms are not 
complete, intergradations occurring along the line of the barriers or 
at different sections in climatic range. Types thus connected are 
known as subspecies. Subspecies are often nascent species; but in 
most cases a large amount of material is necessary before subspecies 
can be separated from geminate species. Among fresh-water fishes, 
each river basin shows some features of distinction, large or small, as 
does each oceanic island with regard to marine fishes. In most 
families of American river fishes studies of species have not been 
extensive enough to establish facts of intergradation. While in 
birds, reptiles, and mammals the subspecies are usually well defined 
and named, among the fishes this is still largely a matter of guess- 
work. Many authors base the recognition of subspecies not on 
actual intergradation but on guesses based on degrees of probability, 
a practice we have not followed. It has seemed to us better to regard 
related forms as distinct species until intergradation has been shown. 

We find also among river fishes, and sometimes among marine 
forms (as in Lutianus), occasional individuals that to all appearance 
are hybrids. These are marked by a distinct blending of specific 
traits. They are extremely rare, however, often known only from a 
single example. A few hybrids are known or suspected among 
certain minnows, sunfishes, and darters. The best-known hybrids 
thus far recorded in America occur among the Centrarchidae, or 
sunfishes, in which group they have been studied critically by Mr. 
Hubbs. Two common species (Apomotis cyanellus and Eupomotis 
gibbosus) figure particularly as probable parents. Hybrids may give 
rise to distinct species, but no example of this is known among our 
fishes. 

Among fishes there are also occasional monstrosities, freaks, or 
"mutations," in which certain traits may be absent or exaggerated. 
Whether such qualities may be inherited is not known. If so', it is 
likely that they would soon be swamped by breeding with the mass 
unless especially protected by segregation. It does not appear that 
any species of fishes have arisen by mutation or from hybridization, 
though the latter possibility is greater than the former. 

We may observe that compilations such as the present paper should 
constitute an exercise in modesty. Such work can never be made 
absolutely complete nor free from errors. It deals with the obser- 
vations and thoughts of great minds, as also with a degree of ignor- 
rance, carelessness, and perversity, by which names have been 
multiplied without corresponding extension of ideas. Synonymy 
(the use of different names for the same group) in general represents 
the lack of exact knowledge or else a failure (often unavoidable) to 
deal justly with the work of others. It is, therefore, as has been 
said by Doctor Coues, often "a burden and disgrace to science." 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 5 

Only those who have had experience in cataloguing, in a similar 
way, the species in some large group of animals or plants can appre- 
ciate the difficulties involved. In the first place, in order to make the 
list complete by the inclusion of all valid names and all real synonyms 
it was necessary to make a careful search of all ichthyological litera- 
ture. It is too much to expect that we have been entirely successful 
in this search; some names probably have been overlooked. The 
verification of the thousands of references as to the publication, 
volume, page, date, spelhng, and type locality, was even more 
exacting and arduous; but most difficult of all were the multitude 
of taxonomic problems involved. In many cases existing knowledge 
is not adequate for final settlement. It is not improbable that some 
of our decisions as to the taxonomic relationships of certain species 
and the validity of othere may not meet the approval of all of our 
coworkers, but that is inevitable where knowledge is incomplete. 

The present senior author, as a lifelong teacher of biology, may be 
pardoned a pei"sonal reference. Himself a student of Agassiz and 
GUI of the earlier period, he has had the honor of being also a friend, 
to some extent a prot^g^, of Baird, Giinther, Vaillant, Liitken, 
Hilgendorf, and Cope. In addition, he has numbered among his 
own students many of those active in systematic ichthyology during 
the late modern period. Among these are James Francis Abbott, 
Willis Stanley Blatchley, Charles Harvey Bollman, Alembert Win- 
throp Brayton, Charles Victor Burke, Howard Walton Clark*, 
Herbert Edson Copeland, Frank Cramer, George Bliss Culver, 
Bradley Moore Davis, Mary Cynthia Dickerson, Charles Lincoln 
Edwards, Carl H. Eigenmann, Rosa Smith P^igenmann, Barton 
Warren Evermann, Ikut Fesler, Morton William Fordice, Henry 
Weed Fowler, Charles Henry Gilbert, James Zacchcus Gilbert, 
David Kop Goss, Ulysses Simpson Grant IV, Artluir W^hite Greeley, 
Joseph Grinnell, Harold Hannibal, ICdmund Heller, Albert William 
Christian Theodore Herre, Jennie Horning, Carl Leavitt Hubbs, 
Elizabeth G. Hughes, Oliver Peebles Jenkins, Eric Knight Jordan, 
Philip Henry Kii-sch, Richard Crittenden McGregor, Ernest Alex- 
ander McGregor, Charles Leslie McKay, Seth Eugene Meek, Charles 
William Metz, Heraclio R. Montalban, George Sprague Myers, 
Edward William Nelson, Robert Newland, Masamitsu Oshima, 
Keinosuke Otaki, Charles J. Pierson, Cora D. Reeves, Robert Earl 
Richardson, Cloudsley Rutter*, Norman Bishop Scofield, Alvin 
Scale, Michitaro wSindo, Tage Skogsberg, Robert Evans Snodgrass, 
John Otterbein Snyder, Edwin Chapin Starks, Joseph Swain, Shigeho 
Tanaka, Lionel William Wiedey, Wilbur Wilson Thoburn, Joseph 
C. Thompson, William Francis Thompson, Deogracias Villiamin 
Villadolid, Yojiro Wakiyji, Frank Walter Weymouth, Thomas 
Marion Williams, and Albert Jeffei"son W^oolman.* 

Those marked with an asterisk have also been students of Doctor 
Evermann, as have also the following: P'rederick Morton Chamber- 
lain, Ulysses Orange Cox, Samuel Frederick Hildebrand, Chancey 
Juday, William Converse Kendall, Clarence Hamilton Kennedy, 
William J. Moenkhaus, John Treadwell Nichols, Lewis RadclifFe, 
Josiah Thomas Scovell, and Alfred Cleveland Weed. 

Many of these have made important contributions to our knowl- 
edge of fishes. 

The preparation of this Check List has extended over a period of 
more than 20 yeare. It was begun in 1906 by the senior authors. 



6 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

who worked upon it from time to time, as their other duties per- 
mitted, until 1925, when they were joined by the junior author, who 
thereafter gave most of his time to the work until its completion. 
The senior authors also have devoted much of their time to it since 
1925. 

During the progress of the work the authors have endeavored to 
consult and utilize every record bearing on the fish fauna of America. 
In addition to this they have received invaluable assistance and sug- 
gestions from virtually every present-day student of American fishes, 
among whom special mention should be made of the late Dr. Charles 
Henry Gilbert and Prof. John Otterbein Snyder of Stanford Uni- 
versity, Dr. William Converse Kendall of the United States Bureau 
of Fisheries, Dr. Carl Leavitt Hubbs of the Univei-sity of Michigan, 
George Sprague Myers of Stanford University, Barton Appier Bean 
of the United States National Museum, William Francis Thompson 
of the International Fisheries Commission, Dr. Arthur W. Henn of 
the Carnegie Museum, John Treadwell Nichols and Dr. E. W. 
Gudger of the American Museum of Natural History, and many 
others. To all these we express our indebtedness and grateful 
appreciation. For clerical assistance of one kind or another, par- 
ticularly in looking up and verifying references, we are greatly 
indebted to Miss Jessie E. Drayton, Harry J. Christoffers, and 
Henry D. AUer, of the United States Bureau of Fisheries. Without 
the assistance so generously given by these and others, this memoir 
could hardly have been completed. 

David Starr Jordan. 

Barton Warren Evermann. 

Howard Walton Clark. 
Stanford Universiti, 

California Academy of Sciences, 

January 4, 1928. 



Class I. LEPTOCARDII. Lancelets 

Order A. CIRROSTOMI. Cirrostomes 

Family 1. BRANCHIOSTOMID-ffi. Lancelets 

Genus 1. BRANCHIOSTOMA Costa. 

Branchiostoma Costa, Cenni Zoologici Napol., 49, 1834 {B. hibricum 

Costa, = la nceolat us Pallas). 
Amphioxus Yarrell, Hist. Brit. Fishes, 1836, 468 {Limaxlanceolatus Pallas). 
Amphioxides ^ Gill, Amer. Nat., XXIX, 1895, 458 (Branchiostoma pel- 

agicum Giintherj. 

1. Branchiostoma virginiae ^ Hiibbs. Virginia lancelet. 

Shallow waters, burying itself in the sand, from Chesapeake Ba^' to 

Florida; Beaufort, Capo Lookout, etc. 
Branchiostoma virginix Hubbs, Occ. Papers Mas. Zool. Univ. Mich., 

No. 105, 8, July 6, 1922, Sewall's Point, Va. 

2. Branchiostoma floridae Hubbs. Florida lancelet. 

Coasts of Florida; Tampa, Pensacola, Cape Romans, St. Martin's Reef, 

Snapi)er Banks, etc. 
Branchiostoma floridx Hubbs, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., No. 

105, 7, July 6, 1922, Tampa Bay, Fla. 

3. Branchiostoma bermudae Hubbs. Bermuda lancelet. 

Bermuda Islands. 

Branchiostoma bermudx Hubbs, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 
No. 105, 9, July 6, 1922, Bermuda. 

4. Branchiostoma caribaeum * Sunrlevall. West Indian lancelet. 

West Indies. 

Branchiostoma caribseum Sundevall, Vet. Akad. Forhandl., XI, 1853, 12, 
St. Thomas. 

5. Branchiostoma californiense Gill. California lancelet; California am- 

phioxus. 

Pacific coast of America from San Diego Bay southward to San Luis 
Gonzales Bay, Gulf of California; reported also from Panama. Abun- 
dant in shallow water, buriefl in the sand. 

Branchiostoma californiense Gill, in Andrews, Studies Biol. Lab. Johns 
Hopkins Univ., V, 1893, 235, San Diego. 

Family 2. EPIGONICHTHYIDiE 

Genus 2. ASYMMETRON Andrews. 

Asymmetron Andrews, Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins Univ., V, 1893, 
237 {A. lucayanum Andrews). 

6. Asymmetron lucayanum .\ndrews. Bahama lancelet; Bahama amphioxus. 

West Indies; Bemini and Na.s.sau, Bahamas; Culebra Island; Humacao, 

Porto Rico; south to Brazil. Common. 
Asymmetron lucayanum Andrews, Studies Biol. Lab. Johns Hopkins 

Univ., V, 1893, 237, Bemini, Bahamas. 

' Based on larvae showing no buccal cirri, found in the open sea near Hawaii. 

' I'ntii the recent studies of Hubbs, this species was wrongly identified with the European form (B. 
lanceolatum), which, however, does not occur in America. 
* Represented on the coast of Brazil (Kio Janeiro, etc.) by B. platx Hubbs. 



8 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Class II. CYCLOSTOMI. Lampreys 

Order B. HYPEROTRETA. Hagfishes 

Family 3. MYXINID-Sl. Hagfishes 

Genus 3. MYXINE Linnseus. 

Myxine Linnteus, 8vst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 650 (M. glutinosa L.). 
Gastrobranclms Bloch, Ichth., XII, 1797, 51, tab. 413 {G. coccus Bloch). 
Mvramoblenna Laccpede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 647 {M. olivacea 

Lacopede) . 
Aiiopsiis Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 93 (M. olivacea Laccpede). 

7. Myxine limosa Girard. Hag fish; Borer; Sucker; Slime fish. 

Newfoundland, south to Cape Cod; Grand Manan Island, New Bruns- 
wick; replacing in the western Atlantic the European M. glutinosa 
L.; not abundant. 

Myxine limosa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858, 224, Grand 
Manan. 

Family 4. EPTATRETID.ffi. Borers 

Genus 4. POLISTOTREMA Gill. 

Polistotrema Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 30 (Gastrobranchus 
dombey Cuvier). 

8. Polistotrema stoutii (Lockington). California hagfish; Lamperina. 

Coast of California; common in Monterey Bay; Eel River, Humboldt 
Co., Calif., and other streams of northern California; San Francisco 
Bay. 

Bdellostoma stoutii Lockington, Amer. Nat., XII, December, 1878, 793, 
Eel River, Calif. 

9. Polistotrema deani Evermann and Goldsborough. 

Alaska to Santa Barbara, Calif., in deep water. 

Polistotrema deani Evermann and Goldsborough, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 

XXVI, 1906, 225, fig. 1, Albatross station 4238 in Behm Canal off Nose 

Point in 229 to 231 fathoms. 
Polistotrema ciirtiss-iamesii Townsend and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. 

Nat. Hist., LII, 1925, 4, off California, lat. 34° to 36° in 440 to 585 

fathoms. 

Order C. HYPEROARTIA. Lampreys 

Family 5. PETROMYZONIDiE. Lampreys 

Genus 5. PETROMYZON Linnaeus. 

Peiromyzon (Artedi) Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 230 (P. marinus L.). 
AmmocoEles Dum^ril in Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 119, variant 

spelling of Ammocoelus, a name given to a larval form ibranchialis) . 
Bathymyzon Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 25 {Bathymyzon bairdii 

Gill) ; probably an old example that has lost teeth. 
Oceanomyzon Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 461 (0. 

wilsoni Fowler); hke the preceding, supposed by Creaser and Hubbs to 

be an old individual from the Gulf Stream. 

10. Petromyzon marinus Linnscus. Great sea lamprey; Lamprey eel; Sucker; 

Lamprey; River lamprey; Green lamprey; Shad lamprey; Nine-eyes. 

Atlantic coasts of Europe and America, southward in America to Chesa- 
peake Bay; abundant northward; ascending streams to spawn. 

Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 230, European seas. 

Petromyzon americanus LeSueur, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., I, 1818, 
383, coast of Massachusetts. 

Petromyzon nigricans LeSueur, loc. cit., 385, Massachusetts; small exam- 
ple from fresh water. 

Ammoccetes bicolor LeSueur, loc. cit., 386, Northampton, Mass. (larva). 

? Petromyzon (Bathymyzon) bairdii Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 18S3, 
254, Gulf Stream, north lat. 40° 02', west long. 68° 50' 30", in 547 
fathoms. 

? Oceanomyzon wilsoni Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 
461; open sea. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 9 

11. Petromyzon marinus dorsatus Wilder. Lake lamprey; Mud lamprey. 

Landlocked in Cayuga Lake and other lakes of western and central New 

York. 
Petromyzon marinus dorsatus Wilder, in Jordan and Gilbert, Synop. Fishes 

North Amer., 1883, 869, Cayuga Lake, N. Y. 

Genus 6. ICHTHYOMYZON Girard. River lampreys. 

Ichthyomyzon Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 381 {Petromyzon argenteus 

Kirtland) . 
Scolecosoma Girard, loc. cit., 385 (Ammocoetes concolor Kirtland); larva of 
argenteus. 

12. Ichthyomyzon concolor ( irtland). Silver lamprey. 

Great Lakes; upper Mississippi Valle)'; tributaries of Hudson Bay; south 

to Arkansas and Louisiana. 
Petromyzon argenteus Kirtland, Zool. Ohio, 170, 1838, 197, Big Miami 

River, Ohio; name preoccupied. 
Ammocoetes concolor Kirtland, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1840, 473, 

plate, Mahoning River; Scioto River; larva. 
Petromyzon bdellium Jordan, Cat. Fishes North Amer., 1885, 4; after 

Kirtland. 
Ichthyomyzon castaneus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 381, Galena, 

Minn. 
Ichthyomyzon hirudo Girard, loc. cit., 382, Fort Smith, Ark. 

Genus 7. REIGHARDINA Greaser and Hubbs. 

Reighardina Creaser and Hubbs, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. LTniv. Mich., 
No. 120, 1922, 4 (Ichthyomyzon Jossor Reighard and Cummins = i4?nmo- 
cosles unicolor DeKay). 

13. Reighardina unicolor (DeKay). 

Ammocoetes unicolor DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 383, pi. 79, fig. 

250; Lake Champlain. 
Ammocoetes horealis Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 252, Michigan River, 

Mich. 
Ichthyomyzon fossor Reighard and Cummins, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. 

Univ. Mich., 31, 1916, 1 to 12, pi. 1, 2, Michigan. 

Genus 8. lETHENTERON Creaser and Hubbs. 

Lethenteron Creaser and Hubbs, (Jcc. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 
No. 120, 1922, 6 (Lampetra wilderi Gugc— Petromyzon appendix DeKay). 

14. Lethenteron appendix (DeKay). Small black lamprey; Brook lamprey. 

"Sew York to Iowa, in tributaries of the Great Lakes and of the Ohio 

and Mississippi, south to Virginia. 
Petromyzon nigrum Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 84, falls of Ohio 

River; name preoccupied. 
Petromyzon appendix DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 381, pi. 64, 

fig. 211, Providence; Hudson Bay. 
Lampetra wilderi Gage, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 

Amer., 1896, 13, Cayuga Lake, X. Y. 

Genus 9. TETRAPLEURODON Creaser and Hubbs. 

Tetrapleurodon Creaser and Hubbs, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 
No. 120, 1922, 9 (Lampetra spadicea Bean). 

15. Tetrapleurodon spadiceus (Bean). Mexican lamprey. 

Known only from the Kio Lerma, near Guanajuato, and from Lago de 

Chapala, Mexico. 
Lampetra spadicea Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 374, PI. XX, 

fig. 6, Rio Lerma, Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Genus 10. ENTOSPHENUS Gill. 

Entosphenus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 331 (Petromyzon 
tridentatus Gairdner). 



10 U. S. BUKEAU OF FISHERIES 

16. Entosphenus tridentatus (Gairdner). Three-toothed lamprey; Western 

lamprey. 
Pacific coast of America, from southern California to Unalaska; ascending 

streams even to the headwaters of the Columbia for spawning purposes. 
Petromyzon tridentatus Gairdner, in Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., 1836, 

293, falls of the Willamette River, Oreg. 
Petromyzon lividus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, Pt. 4, Fishes, 379, 

Willamette River, Oreg. 
Petroynyzon astori Girard, loc. cit., 380, Astoria, Oreg. 
Ammocoetes cibarms Girard, loc. cit., 383 (larva). 

17. Entosphenus ciliatus (Ayres). 

Streams of northern California. 

Petromyzon ciliatus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 43, San 

Francisco. 
Petromyzon epihexodon Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 331, 

Fort Reading, Calif. 

Genus 11. LAMPETRA (Bonnaterre) Gray. Brook lampreys. 

Lampetra Bonnaterre, Enc. Meth., 1788; no paging; no type, used for all. 
Lampreda Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 94 (no species named; no 

description. 
Pricus Rafinesque, loc. cit. (no species named); no description. 
Lampetra Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1851, 236 {Petromyzon fiuvialis L.). 

18. Lampetra ayresii (Giinther). Western lamprey. 

Pacific coast of North America from the Fraser River southward to the 
Sacramento; very close to L. fluviatilis of Europe. 

Petromyzon plumbeus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 27, 
San Francisco; name preoccupied. 

Petromyzon ayresii Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 505, San Francisco; sub- 
stitute for plumbeus Ayres, preoccupied. 

19. Lampetra borealis (Girard). Arctic lamprey. 

Streams of northern Alaska and Kamchatka. 

Petromyzon borealis Girard, Pac. R R. Surv., X, 1858, Pt. 4, Fishes, 377, 

Great Slave Lake; not Ammocoetes borealis Agassiz. 
Ammocoetes aureus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 159. Yukon 

River. 

Genus 12. OKKELBERGIA Creaser and Hubbs. 

Okkelbergia Creaser and Hubbs, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 
No. 120, 1922, 8 {Petroynyzon lamotteni LeSueur). 

20. Okkelbergia lamotteni (LeSueur). 

Petroynyzon lamotteni LeSueur, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 382, pL 

79, fig. 249; no locality. 
AmynocoBtes sepyptera C. C. Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 

1860, 327 (type redescribed by Fowler, ibid., 1901, 328; 1907, 466). 

Class III. ELASMOBRANCHII. (Selachii, Plagiostomata, Chondrop- 
terygii, Antacca). Sharks; Skates and rays; Chimseras 

Subclass SELACHII. Sharks 

Order D. CESTRACIONTES 

Suborder PROARTHRI 

Family 6. HETERODONTID.ffi. Bullhead sharks 

Genus 13. GYROPLEURODUS Gill. 

Gyropleurodus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 331 and 489 

{Cestracion francisci Girard). 
Tropidodus Gill, loc. cit., 489 {Cestracion pantherinus Valenciennes = 
Cestracion quoyi Fr6minville). 

21. Gyropleurodus francisci (Girard). Bullhead shark. 

Coast of California; abundant south of Point Conception. 
Cestracion francisci Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 196, 
Monterey Bay, Calif. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 11 

Order E. NOTIDANI. (Diplospondyli) 

Suborder OPISTHARTHRI 

Family 7. HEXANCHID^. Cow sharks 

Genus 14. HEXANCHUS Rafinesque. 

Hexanchus Rafinesque, Caratteri, etc., 1810, 14 (Squalus griseus Bonna- 

terre) . 
Noiidanus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 128 (Squalus griseus L.). 
Monopterhinus Blainville, Faune Frangaise, 1828, 77 (Squalvs griseus 
Gmelin). 

22. Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre). Cow shark; Caff a hoia. 

Mediterranean to Scotland; Cuba. 

Squalus griseus Bonnaterre, Ichth. R. 1788, 9; Mediterranean; after 

le griset Bonnaterre. 
Squalus griseus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., I, 1795, 1789; after Broussonet. 

23. Hexanchus corinus Jordan and Gilbert. Shovel-nosed shark. 

Pacific coast of America; Monterey Bay to Puget Sound. 
Hexanchus corinus Jordan and Gilbert,' Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880 
(December 21), 352, Neah Bay, Wash., and Soquel, Calif. 

Genus 15. NOTORYNCHUS Ayres. 

Notorynchus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 73 (Notorynchus 
maculatus Ayres). 

24. Notorynchus maculatus ^ Ayres. 

Pacific coast of the United States, from Monterey Bay northward to 

Washinton; common northward, especially in Humboldt and San 

Francisco Bays. 
Notorynchus maculatus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 72, 

San Francisco Bay. 
Notorhynchus borealis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 150, 

Nisqually, Wash. 

Order F. EUSELACHH 

Suborder GALEI. True sharks 

Family 8. SCYLLIORHINID.ffl. Cat sharks 

Genus 16. SCYLLIORHINUS Blainville. lioussetles. 

Catulus V'almont, Diet. Raisonnee, IV, 1768, 451 (C saxatilis Valmont = 

Squalus stellaris L.); non binominal. 
Catulus Smith, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1837, 85 (Scyllium capense Smith); 

name preoccupied by Catulus Kniphof, 1759, a genus of insects. 
Scylliorhinus Blainville, Jour. Phys., 1816, 263 {Squalus canicula L., as 

re.stricted); spelled Scyliorhinus by Garman. 
Scyllium Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 124 {Squalus canicula L., as 

restricted). 

25. Scylliorhinus retifer (Garman). 

Gulf Stream in deep water; occasionally off South Atlantic coast. 
Scyllium retiferum Garman, Bull Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 233, off 
coast of Virginia in deep water. 

26. Scylliorhinus cephalus (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California and southward in deep water. 

Catulus cephalus Gilbert, Proc. *TJ. S. Nat. Mus., XV, 1891, 541, deep 
water near the Revillagigedo Islands and in the Gulf of California. 

Genus 17. CEPHALOSCYLLIUM Gill. 

Cephaloscyllium Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 407, 412 
{Scyllium laliceps A. Dum6ril). 



* Regarded by Garman as identical with N. platycephalus (Tenore) of the Mediterranean. 



12 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

27. Cephaloscyllium uter (Jordan and Gilbert). Swell shark. 

Alonterey to San Diego; very abundant in Santa Barbara channel. 
Catulus uter Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 

and Mid. ,Ajiier., 1896, 25; Monterey, San Diego, and Santa Barbara 

Channel. 

Genus 18. APRISTURUS Garman. 

Apristurus Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXXVI, 
1913, 96 {Scylliorhitius indicus Brauer). 

28. Apristurus brunneus (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California and northward in deep water; Monterey Bay; Puget 

Sound; Hood Canal. 
Catulus brunneus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 542, Gulf of 

California. 

29. Apristurus profundorum (Goode and Bean). 

North Atlantic, in deep water. 

Scylliorhinus profundorum Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1896, 17, Gulf 
Stream. 

Genus 19. PRISTIURUS (Bonaparte) Miiller and Henle. 

Prisiiurus Bonaparte, Prospetto del Systema d'lttiologia Generale, 1831, 

121 {Galeus melanoslomus Rafinesque); name only; defined in Icono- 

graphia della Fauna Italica, 1841 (no paging). 
Prisiiurus MuUer and Henle, Mag. Nat. Hist., Ill, Jan., 1838, 341 {Galeus 

melanoslomus Rafinesque). 
Pristidurus Bonaparte, Mem. Soc. Sci. Neufchdtel, II, 1839, 11, variant 

spelling. 

30. Pristiurus xaniurus (Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of southern and Lower California; abundant in deep water. 
Catulus xaniurus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 540, oflf 
southern and Lower California in 184 to 684 fathoms. 

31. Pristiurus arae Nichols. 

Off the coast of Florida. 

Pristiurus arx Nichols, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 256, March 12, 1927, 1, 
off the coast of Florida. 

Family 9. GINGLYMOSTOMID-ffl. Nurse sharks 

Genus 20. GINGLYMOSTOMA Muller and Henle. 

Ginglymosloma Muller and Henle, Wiegmann's Archiv, I, 1837, 396 

{Squalus cirralus Gmelin). 

32. Qinglymostoma cirratum (Gmelin). Nurse shark; Gala. 

West Indies and the west coast of Mexico; Cape Verde Islands; occasional 

on our South Atlantic coast. 
Squalus cirralus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., I, 1492, 1788, American seas; after 

Broussonet. 
Squalus punclalus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 134, Cuba; 

after Gata Hispanus of Parra. 
Squalus punctulatus Bloch and Schneider, loc cit., 549, Cayenne. 
Squalus argus Bancroft, Zool. Jour., V, 1832, 82, West Indies. 
Ginglymostoma fulvum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 342, Habana; young. 
Ginglymostoma caboverdianus Capello, Jour. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisbon, 

1867, 167, Cape Verde Islands. 

Family 10. PSEUDOTRIAKID^ 

Genus 21. PSEUDOTRIAKIS Capello^. 

Pseudotriakis CapcUo, Jour. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisbon, IV, 1867, 321 
(Pseudotriakis microdon Capello). 

33. Pseudotriakis microdon Capello. Peixe carago. 

Portugal; Amagansett, Long Island. 

Pseudotriakis microdon Capello, Jour. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisbon, 1868, 
321, pi. 5, fig. 1, Portugal. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 13 

Family 11. CARCHARIIDiE. Gray sharks 

Genus 22. CYNIAS Gill. 

Cynias Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXVI, 1903, 960 (Squalus canis 

Mitchill); embryos without placental attachment. 
Mustehis Valmont de Bomare, Diet. Raisonnde, ed. II, 1768, 786 {Galeus 

asteriasYalmont — Squalus canis Mitchill; not given as a scientific name 

but as Latin vernacular). 

34. Cynias canis ^ (Mitchill). Dog shark; Dogfish; S7nooth dogfish; Blue dog. 

Cape Cod to Cuba; abundant on the Atlantic coast of both continents. 
Squalus canis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., 1815, 486, New York. 
Mustelus asterias Cloquet, Diet. Raisonnee, 1820, 407, Europe. 
Mustelhis stellatus Risso, Europ. M^rid.. Ill, 1826, 1126, Nice. 
Mustelus plebejus Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, Pesci, Fascl., Tome III, 
1834, 43, pi. 132, Italy. 

35. Cynias lunulatus (Jordan and Gilbert). Goto. 

West coast of Mexico; common in Gulf of California. 
Mustelus lunidatus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
108, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 23. MUSTELUS Linck. 

Mustelus Linck, Magazin fiir Neueste aus Physik und Naturgeschichte, 

1790, 31 {Squalus juustelus Linnaeus); not of Valmont de Bomare. 
Galeus ' Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1801, 13 (Squalus 7nustelus L., as restricted 

by Jordan and Gilbert). 
Mustelus Leach, Ob.serv. Squalus, 1813, 62 {Squalus mustelus L.). 
Mustelus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 128 {Squalus mustelus Cuv.). 
Pleuracromylon Gill, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 148, 

{Mustelus lavis Risso); embrj'o attached by a placenta. 

36. Mustelus mustelus (Linnaus). Smooth hound; Boce dulce. 

Southern Europe; occasional in America, lately taken on coast of New 

Jersey. 
Squalus mustelus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 235, Europe. 
Mustehis Isevis Risso, Europ. M(5rid., 1826, 327, Nice; and of European 

writers generally. 
Galeus mustelus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1910. 

37. Mustelus californicus Gill. 

California, north to Cape Mendocino. 

Mustelus californicus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 148, 
San Francisco. 

38. Mustelus dorsalis Gill. 

Panama and neighboring waters, north to Gulf of California. 

Mustelus dorsalis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 149, 

Panama. 
Mustelus mentn Co])o, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XVII, 1877, 47, Pacific 

Ocean at Pacasmayo, Peru. 

Genus 24. RHINOTRIACIS Gill. 

Rhinotriacis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 486 {Rhinotriacis 
henlei Gill). 

'The European synonymy of .\fu»lelus musletus and Cynias canis is In a state of great confusion, as 
few of the earlier writers recoRnizefl any (iifference between the two species externally very much alike. 

'The genus Galeus of Rafinesque was based on species with spiracles, dilTering from Squalus by the 
presence of an anal fln. One new species is described, Oaleus melaslomus, later type of Bonaparte's genus 
PTistiunu: but on the same page and the next. page Ilafinesque speaks of other species— Galeus vulpecula, 
G. calulus, and G. mustelus. It is plain that Squalus galeus h. was his intended type, after the general 
custom of writers who elevated species to the rank of genus; but he does not mention that species in the 
paper nor in his Indice, and as Squalus gateut was therefore not available as type, Jordan and Gilbert 
selected Squalus mustelus for that purpose, thus making Galeus Kaflnesque a synonym of Mustelus Leach, 
rather than to displace Pristiurus. Apparently this procedure was allowable, unless some earlier author 
had chosen either Pristiurus melastomas o iScglliorhinus calulus {canicula) tor that purpose. 

6424°— 29 2 



14 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

39. Rhinotriacis henlei Gill. 

Coast of California from Humboldt Bay to Monterey; rather rare. 
Rhiiiotriacis henlei Gill, Proc. Acad, Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 486, 
San Francisco. 

Genus 25. TRIAKIS Miiller and Henle. 

Triakis MuUer and Henle, Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1838, 36 {Triakis scyllium); 
corrected to Triads by authors. 

40. Triakis semifasciatum Girard. Cat shark; Leopard shark. 

Cape IMendocino to San Diego; common. 

Triakis semifasciattnn Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

196, Presidio de San Francisco. 
Mustelus felis Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., 1854, 17, San Francisco. 

Genus 26. GAIEORHINUS Blainville. 

Galeorhinus Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1816, 121 {Squalus galeus L.; 

restricted bv Gill). 
Eugaleus Gill!^ Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 148 (Squalus 

galeus L.); the first species named by Blainville being Squalus mustelus, 

for which reason Garman uses Galeorhinus as the name of the genus 

here called Mustelus. 

41. Galeorhinus zyopterus Jordan and Gilbert. Oil shark: Soupj-fin shark. 

Coast of southern and Lower California, from San Francisco to Cedros 

Island; very abundant. 
Galeorhinus zyopterus Jordan and Gilbert, Synop. Fishes North Amer., 

1883, 871, San Pedro, Calif. 

Genus 27. TRI.ffiNODON Miiller and Henle. 

Trisenodon Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1841, 55 {Carcharias obesus 
Riippell). 

42. Triaenodon obesus (Riippell). 

Tropical Pacific; reported from Cocos Island. 

Carcharias obesus Riippell, Neue Wirbel., Fisch., 1835, 64, pi. 18, fig. 2, 
Djidda, .Arabian Coast of Red Sea. 

Genus 28. GALEOCERDO Muller and Henle. 

Galeocerdo Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 59 {Galeocerdo tigrinus 

Miiller and Henle). 
Boreogaleus Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 411 {Squalus 
arcticus Faber). 

43. Galeocerdo arcticus (Faber). Spotted shark; Leopard shark; Tiger shark; 

Tigronc. 
Tropical seas; occasionally to Iceland, Cape Cod, and San Diego. 
Squalus arcticus Faber, Fischc Islands, 1829, 17, Iceland and neighboring 

seas. 
Galeocerdo tigrinus Muller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 59, Pondicherry. 
Galeus macidatus Ranzani, De Novis Spccieljus Piscium, Dissert. Prima, 

in Novi Com. Acad. Boron., IV, 1840, 68, Brazil. 

Genus 29. HEMIGAIEUS Bleeker. 

Hemigaleus Bleeker, Vcrh. liot. Gen., XIV, 1852, 45 (Hemlgaleus mi- 
crostoma Bleeker); not Hemigalea, an earlier genus of mammals. 

44. Hemigaleus pectoralis Garman. 

Coast of New England, probably in the Gulf Stream. 

Hemigaleus pectoralis Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XLIV, 1906, 203, 

"Afiuarial Gardens," the fishes in which were taken off Massachusetts 

and Rhode Island. 

Genus 30. SCOLIODON Miiller and Henle. 

Scoliodon Miiller and Henle, Wiegmann's Archiv, I, 1837, 398 (Scoliodon 
laticaudus Miiller and Henle. 

45. Scoliodon terree-novse (Richardson). Sharp-nosed shark; Neivfouiidland 

shark. 
Cape Cod to Florida; very common southward along the Atlantic coast. 
Squalus (Carcharias) terrx-novse Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 

289, Newfoundland; an error, probably for Florida. 
Squalus punctatus Mitchill, Trans. Lit." Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 483, 

New York; not of Bloch and Schneider. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 15 

46. Scoliodon lalandi (M tiller and Henle). 

West Indies to Brazil. 

Carcharias lalandi Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 30, Rio Janeiro; 
Martinique; Guadeloupe. 

47. Scoliodon porosus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Squalus porosus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 339, tab. 19, L. 11, 12, Habana. 

48. Scoliodon longurio (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Carcharias longurio Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
106, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 31. APRIONODON Gill. 

Aprion Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838-1841, 31 {Carcharias isodon 

Miiller and Henle); preoccupied. 
Aprionodon Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1862, 411 (Aprionodon 
punctatus Gill; not Squalus punctatus Mitchill ^Carc/fanas isodon 
Miiller and Henle). 

49. Aprionodon isodon (Miiller and Henle). 

Atlantic Ocean; recorded from New York, Virginia, and Cuba; probably 

rare. 
Carcharius isodon MuUer and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 32, New York. 
Carcharius punctatus Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, New York; not Squalus 

punctatus Mitchill, which is Scoliodon terrx-novse. 

Genus 32. CARCHARIAS Rafinesque. Gray shark; Requm. 

Carcharias Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 10 {Squalus carcharias L. intended, 
but Carcharias taurus the only species mentioned). 

Carcharhinus Blainvilie, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1816, 264 (Squalus commersonii 
Blainville, apparently the same as Carcharias lamia Ralinesciue). 

Carcharias Cuvier, Regno Anim., ed. I, 1817, 12.5 {"Squalus carcharias," 
Carcharias lamia intended); not of Rafinesque. 

Eulamia Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 401 {Carcharias 
lamia Rafinesque; Squalus commersonii Blainville being intended = 
Carcharias lamia Rafinesque was Carcharodon carcharias Rafinesque, the 
specific name being a substitute for Squalus carcharias L.). 

Platypodon Gill, loc. cit. {Carcharias menisorrah Muller and Henle). 

Isogomphodon Gill, loc. cit. {Carcharias oxijrhynchus Miiller and Henle). 

Lamiopsis Gill. loc. cit. {Carcharias temmincki Miiller and Henle). 

Isoplagiodon Gill, loc. cit. {Carcharias sorrah Miiller and Henle). 

50. Carcharias commersonii (Blainville). Cub shark; Requin; Requiem; 

Lamia; Common gray shark. 

Tropical parts of the Atlantic; common northward to the Florida Keys 
and in the Mediterranean; rarely straying northward to New York in 
the Gulf Stream. 

Squalus commersonii Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1816, 121, Mediter- 
ranean. 

Carcharias lamia Risso, Europ. M<$rid., Ill, 1826, 19, Nice; not of Ra- 
finesque. 

Squalus longimanus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 338, Cuba. 

51. Carcharias lamiella Jordan and Gilbert. Bay shark. 

San Diego Bay and southward along the Mexican coast. 

Carcharias lamiella Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 

110, San Diego; regarded by Garman as identical with C. commersonii 

of the -Atlantic. 

52. Carcharias platyrhynchus (Gilbert). 

Magdalena Bay, Lower California, to Galapagos Islands and the Revil- 

lagigedo Islands. 
Eulamia platyrhynchus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 543, 

Clarion Island; Magdalena Bay; regarded by Garman as identical 

with C. commersonii 

53. Carcharias platyodon (Poey). Cub shark. 

Cuba to Texas; abundant in the Gulf of Mexico. 

Squalus platyodon Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 336, Habana. 

Squalus oblusus Poey, loc. cit., 337, Habana. 



16 U. si BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

54. Carcharias milberti Valenciennes. Small blue shark; White shark. 
Cape Cod to Florida; not rare; recorded from the Mediterranean. 
Carcharias (Prionodon) milberti Valenciennes, in Miiller and Henle, 

Plagiostomen, 1838, 38, New York. 
Carcharias cxruleus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 49, New York. 
Lamna caudaia DeKay, loc. cit., 354, Brenton Reef, R. I. 

65. Carcharias obscurus (LeSueur). Dusky shark. 

North and Middle Atlantic; frequently on our coast. 

Squalus obscurus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 223, New 

York. 
Carcharias falcipinnis Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, 90, Madeira. 
Prionodon obvelatus Valenciennes, Poiss. lies Canaries, 1839, 103, Canaries. 

66. Carcharias azureus Gilbert and Starks. 

Carcharias azureus Gilbert and Starks, Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 1904. 
11, PI. II, fig. 5, Panama. 

57. Carcharias nicaraguensis (Gill and Bransford). Nigrone; Fresh-water 

shark. 
Lake Nicaragua (landlocked) ; also in the Bay of Panama. 
Eulamia nicaraquensis Gill and Bransford, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XXIX, 1877," 190, Lake Nicaragua. 

68. Carcharias henlei Valenciennes. 

Coast of Brazil, northward to Guiana. 

Carcharias henlei Valenciennes, in Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 

1838, 46, Cayenne. 
Carcharias porosus Ranzani, De Novis Speciebus Piscium, Dissert Prima., 

in Novi Com. Acad. Bonon., IV, 1840, 70, Brazil. 

69. Carcharias cerdale (Gilbert). 

Abundant at Panama. 

Carcharhinus cerdale Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 

and Mid. Amer., Ill, 1898, 2746, Panama; united by Garman with 

C. menisorrah from the East Indies. 

60. Carcharias falciformis Bibron. Cazon de playa (wharf) shark. 

Cuba and neighboring waters. 

Carcharias falciformis Bibron, in Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 

47, Cuba. 
Squalus tiburo Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 331, Habana. 

61. Carcharias remotus Valenciennes. 

West Indies and Brazil. 

Carcharias remotus Valenciennes, in Dum^ril, Hist. Nat Poiss., I, 1865, 

374. 
Platypodon perezi Poey, Anal. Soc. Espaiiola Hist. Nat., V, 194, pi. 9, 

figs. 2, 3, Cuba. 

62. Carcharias acronotus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Squalus acronotus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 335, Cuba. 

63. Carcharias velox (Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Carcharhinus velox Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and 
Mid. Amer., 1898, 2747, Panama. 

64. Carcharias oxyrhynchus Miiller and Henle. 

Surinam. 

Carcharias oxyrhynchus Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 41, 
Surinam. 

65. Carcharias limbatus Miiller and Henle. Carconella. 

Tropical seas north to Florida; a stray example taken at Woods Hole, 

Mass. 
Carcharias {Prionodon) limbatus Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 

49, Martinique. 
Isogomphodon maculipinnis Poey, Repertorio, I, 1866, 191, Cuba. 
Carcharias {Prionodon) mvllerii Steindachner, Sitzungs. Kais. Akad. 

Wiss. Wien, LVI, 1867, 356, West Indies. 
Carcharias microps Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1840, 38, Madeira. 
Prionodon cucuri Castelnau, Anim. Amer. Sud. Poiss., 1855, 99, Bahia. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 17 

66. Carcharias eethalorus Jordan and Gilbert. 

Mazatlan to Panama. 

Carcharias scthalorns .Jordan and Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
104, Mazatlan; regarded by Garman as inseparable from C. limbatus. 

67. Carcharias natator (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Gulf of Panama. 

Carcharhinus natator Meek and Hildebrand, Marine Fishes of Panama, 

Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, Pt. I, Dec. 20, 1923, 40, pi. 1, fig. 1, 

Panama City fish market. 

68. Carcharias fronto Jordan and Gilbert. Tiburon. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Carcharias fronto Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 102, 
^lazatlan. Regarded by Garman as inseparable from C. milberti. 

Genus 33. HYPOPRION Miiller and Henle.« 

Hypoprion Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 34 {Carcharias macloti 

Miiller and Henle). 
Hypoprionodon Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 401 {Carcharias 

hemiodon Valenciennes). 

69. Hypoprion brevirostris Poey. 

West Indies, north to Charleston and Pensacola. 

Hypoprion brevirostris Poey, Repertorio, II, 1868, 451, Tab. 4, Cuba. 

70. Hypoprion signatus Poey. 

Cuba. 

Hypoprion signatus Poey, Synop., 1868, 452, Cuba. 

Hypoprion longirostris Poey, Enumeratio, 1876, 199, Cuba. 

Genus 34. PRIONACE » Cantor. 

Galeus Valmont de Bomare, Diet. Raisonnde, I, 1768, 371, "Cagnot bleu, 

Galeus glaucus Valmont"; Latin vernacular. 
Prionodon MuUer and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 36 {Squalus glaucus L.); 

name preoccupied. 
Prionace Cantor, Malayan Fishes, 1850, 399, substitute for Prionodon 

{Squalus glaucus Linnaeus). 
Cynocephalus Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 401 {Squalus 

glaucus L.); after Klein, whose names are not binomial. 

71. Prionace glauca (Linnseus). Great blue shark. 

A large shark of the warm seas, occasionally taken on our coasts, both 

Atlantic and Pacific. 
Squalus glaucus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 235, Seas of Europe. 
Squalus cseruleus Blainville, Faune Frangaise, 1828, 91, Mediterranean. 
Squalus hirundinaceus Valenciennes, in Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 

1838, 37, Brazil. 

Family 12. SPHYRNID.ffi. Hararaer-headed sharks 

Genus 35. RENICEFS Gill. 

Reniceps Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1862, 403 {Squalus Hburo 
Linnseus). 

72. Reniceps tiburo (Linnaeus). Shovelhead shark; Bonnelhead shark. 

Atlantic Ocean, abundant from Long Island southward; Pacific Ocean 

ranging from Mazatlan and Bay of Panama to China. 
Squalus tiburo Linnseus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 234, America. 

Genus 36. PLATYSQUALUS Swainson. 

Platysqualus Swainson, Class. Anim., II, 1839, 318 {Zygxna tudes Cuvier, 
in Valenciennes); misnamed Zygxna tiburo. 

' MOUer and Henle's Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen was published from 1838 to 1841. 
Oarraan, probably correctly, gives this and other genera of sharks the date of 1841. Some of them appeared 
earlier in periodicals. 

• The rea-sons for not accepting the names of Valmont de Bomare in scientific nomenclature are given by 
Jordan and E vermann, Genera of Fishes, I, p. 27. These names (GalevJi, Vulprcnla, Catuivs, and MuntelxLt) 
ere binomial only by accident, and not accepted by the author himself aa generic in his list of genera (1791) 
These are, however, accepted by Garman (Plagiostomia, 1913). 



18 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

73. Platysqualus tudes (Cuvier). 

Gulf of California to Bay of Panama; West Indies; Mediterranean Sea 

and Indian Ocean. 
Zygscna tudes Cuvier, in Valenciennes, Mem. Mas. Hist. Nat., IX, 1822, 

225, Nice; after Pantouflier of Risso. 

Genus 37. SPHYRNA Rafinesque. 

Sphyrna Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 60 (Squalus zygxna Linnjeus). 
Cestrorhinus Blainville, Jour. Phys., 1816, 264 {Squalus zygsena Linnseus). 
Zygscna Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 127 {Squalus zygsena Linnseus); 

name preoccupied. 
Sphyrichthys Thienemann, Lehrbuch der Zoologie, III, 1828, 408 {Squalus 

zygsena Linnseus). 
Eusphyra Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 412 {Squalus zygscna 

Linnajus). 
Cestracion Garman, Plagiostomen, 1813, 133 {Squalus zygscna L.); after 

Klein; not binomial; not of Cuvier. 

74. Sphyrna zygsena (Linnseus). Hammerhead shark; Hammerhead; Shovelnose 

shark. 
Cape Cod and Point Conception southward; Bay of Panama and Mazatlan 

in Pacific; and across to Hawaii and Japan; abundant. 
Squalus zygs'7ia Linnjeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 234, Europe; America. 
Zygscna malleus Valenciennes, M6m. Mus. Hist. Nat., IX, 1822, 223, 

pi. 11, fig. 1. 
Zygscna lewini Lord, in Griffith, Animal Kingdom, X, 1834, 640, pi. 50, 

New Holland. 
Zygsena subarcuaia Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1848, 71, 

Cape Cod. 

Family 13. RHINEODONTID^. Whale sharks 

Genus 38. RHINEODON Smith. 

RJiincodon Smith, Zoo). Jour. Lond., No. XVI, 1829, 443 {R. typieus 

Smith); misprint for Rhineodon. 
Micristodus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 177 {M. punda- 

tus Gill). 
Rhinodon and Rhineodon of authors. 

75. Rhineodon typieus Smith. Whale shark; Mhor; Chagrin; Tihuron ballenas; 

Tint rem; East Indian basking shark. 
Coast of Florida; Gulf of California; Cape of Good Hope; Japan to China; 

India; rare but widely diffused. 
Rhineodon typieus Smith, Zool. Jour. Loud., No. XVI, 1829, 443, 444, 

Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. 
Micristodus" punctatus Gill, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 177, 

Gulf of California. 

Family 14. AIOPIIDJE. Thresher sharks 

Genus 39. ALOPIAS Rafinesque. 

Vulpecula Valmont dc Bomare, Diet. Raisonnoe, III, 1768, 740 {V. marina 

Valmont); Latin vernacular not intended as a generic name. 
Alopias Rafinescpie, Caratteri, 1810, 12 {Alopias macrourus Rafinesque = 

Alopecias vulpes Giinther). 
Alopecias Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 74, amended orthog- 

raph}\ 

76. Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre). Thresher; Fox shark; Swingletail; Longtail 

shark; Fish shark; Sea fox; Sea ape; Fez zorro; Pesca pavone. 

Mediterranean, Atlantic, and Pacific. 

Vulpecula marina Valmont, Diet. Raisonnoe, HI, 740; not eligible. 

Squalus vulpinus Bonnaterre, Tableau Encycl. Ichth., 1788, 9, Mediter- 
ranean; after Pennant. 

Squalus vulpes Gmclin, Syst. Nat., I, 1789, 1496, Mediterranean; after 
Pennant. 

Alopias macrourus' Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 12, Sicily. 

Galeus vulpecula Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 15; passing notice. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 19 

Family 15. ODONTASPID-ffi. Sand sharks 

Genus 40. ODONTASPIS Agassiz. 

Odontaspis Agassiz, Poiss. Fossiles, III, 1836, 87 (Squalus ferox Risso). 

77. Odontaspis littoralis (Mitchill). Sand shark; Shovehiose shark; Horned 

dogfish; Picked dogfish; Dogfish; Bone-dog; Skittle-dog; Hoe. 
Atlantic coast between Cape Cod and Cape Hatteras; regarded by 

Garman as not separable from Carcharias iaitrus Rafinesqiie of the 

Mediterranean. 
Squalus americaniis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

483, New York; not of Shaw. 
Squalus littoralis and Squalus macrodus Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 

1818, 328, New York. 
Carcharias griseus Ayres, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., IV, 1843, 288, Long 

Island. 

Family 16. LAMNIDiS). Mackerel sharks; Man-eaters 

Genus 41. LAMNA Cuvier. Porbeagles. 

Lamna Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 126 {Squalus cornubicus Gmelin). 
Lamia Risso, Europ. Merid., Ill, 1826, 123 (Squalus cornubicus Gmelin); 

name preoccupied. 
Selanonius Fleming, Brit. Anim., 1828, 169 (Selanonius walkeri Fleming = 

Squalus cornubicus Gmelin). 

78. Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre). Porbeagle; Mackerel shark; Salmon shark. 

North Atlantic and North Pacific; abundant in central and southeast 

Alaska. 
Squalus nasus Bonnaterre, Tableau Encycl., Ichth., 1788, 10, shores of 

Cornwall . 
Squalus cornubicus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., I, 1789, 1497, shores of Cornwall. 
Squalus pennanti Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 517, Cornwall; after 

Pennant. 
Squalus monensis Shaw, Gen. Zool., V, 1804, 350, Anglesea. 
Selanonius walkeri Fleming, Brit. Anim., 1828, 169, Lochfyne, Argyleshire. 

Genus 42. ISURtJS Rafinesque. 

Isurus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 11 (Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque). 
Oxyrhina Aga.ssiz, Poiss. Fossiles, III, 1836, 276 (Isurus spallanzani 

Rafinesque = /s»rus oxyrinchus Rafinesque). 
Isuropsis Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N Y.. VII, 1862, 398, 409 (/. dekayi 

GiU). 

79. Isurus punctatus (Storer). Mackerel shark. 

Atlantic coast of United States; common. 

Lamna punctata Storer, Rept. Fishes Ma.ss., 1839, 185, pi. 3, fig. 2, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Oxyrhina dsekayi Gill, Cat. Fish. E. Coast N. Amer., Suppl. Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 60, after Storer; name misprint for dekayi. 

80. Isurus tigris (.\twoo(l). Mackerel shark; Mackerel porbeagle; Dcntuda. 

Cape Cod to West Indies; not generally common except in the Gulf of 

Mexico. 
Lamna punctata DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 352, New York; 

not Squalus punctatus Mitchill. 
Isuropsis dekayi Gill, Ann Lye. Nat. Hi.st. N. Y., VII, 1862, 409; 

after DeKay; not Oxyrhina dekayi Gill, 1861. 
Carcharias tigris Atwood, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hi.st., XII, 1869, 268, 

Provincetown, Mass. 

81. Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque. Mackerel shark; Pesce tondo; Cane de 

7/1 a re. 
Mediterranean Sea and neighboring parts of the Atlantic; occasional on 

the Atlantic coa.st of America. 
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 12, Palermo. 
Isurus spallanzani Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 60, Sicily; after Spallanzani. 
Oxyrhina gomphodon Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 68, Atlantic 

Ocean. 
Squalus rosiratus Macri, Mem. Ac. Sci. Napoli, I, 1819, 55, Tab. 1, fig. 2, 

Naples. 



20 V. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 43. CARCHARODON '" Smith. Man-eater sharks: Great white sharks. 
Carcharodon Andrew Smith, in Miiller and Kenle, Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 
second article, January, 1838, 37 (Carcharodon capensis Smith = 
Squalus carcharias Linnteus). 

82. Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus). Man-eater shark; Great white shark. 

Temperate and tropical parts of Atlantic and Pacific; occasionally on our 
coasts, north to New York and Monterey Bay. A dangerous shark. 

Squalus carcharias Linnseus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 235, Europe; after 
Artedi. 

Carcharias lamia Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 44, after Linnajus; not of 
Risso and later authors. 

Carcharodon verus Agassiz, Poiss. Fossiles, III, 1838, 91. 

Carcharodon rondeleti Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 70, Mediter- 
ranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. 

Carcharodon Smith, in Bonaparte, Mem. Soc. Sci. Neufchdtel. II, 1839, 9 
(errata), New York and Monterey Bay. 

Carcharias atwoodi Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1848, 72, 
Provincetown. 

Carcharodon capensis Smith, Ills. Zool. S. Africa, Pisces, 1849, pi. 4, 
Cape of Good Hope. 

Family 17. CETORHINID.ffi. Basking sharks 

Genus 44. CETORHINUS Blainville. 

Cetorhinus Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1810, 169 {Squalus gunneri 

'BlainviUe = Squalus maximus Gunner). 
Selache Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 129 (Squalus maximus Gunner). 
Polyprosopus Couch, Hist. Brit. Fishes, I, 1862, 67 (Squalus rashleighanus 

Couch — Squalus maximus Gunner). 

83. Cetorhinus maximus (Gunner). Basking shark; PSUrin; Elephant shark; 

Bone shark; Sailfish; Sunfish; Hoe-mother; Capidoli or oilfish. 
Arctic seas, straying southward to Portugal, Virginia, and California. 
Squalus maximus Gunner, Trondhjem Skrift., Ill, 1765, 33, coast of 

Norway. 
Squalus gunneri Blainville, Bull. Sci. Philom., 1810, 256; after Gunner. 
Squalus pelegrinus Blainville, loc. cit., 257, Europe. 
Squalus homianus Blainville, loc. cit., 257, Europe. 
Cetorhinus shavianus Blainville, loc. cit., 264, Europe. 
Squalus isodus Saverino Macri, Mem. della R. Ac. Sci. Napoli, I, 1819, 55, 

pis. 1 and 2, Naples. 
Squalus elephas LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 343, New 

Jersey. 
Squalus rashleighanus Couch, Trans. Linn. Soc, XIV, 1825, 91, Cornwall. 
Squalus cetaceus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 6, Norway. 
Polyprosopus macer Couch, Hist. Brit. Fishes, I, 1877, 68, England. 

w As to the authorship of the name Carcharodon, we have this information from the late Allan R. Me- 
Culloch, of the Australian Museum: 

"The name Carcharodon is not used by Smith. The earliest reference to it is that of Miiller and Henle, 
as Quoted above. These authors saw Smith's specimens (p. 33) and perhaps heard his paper read at the 
Zoological .Society in September, 1837. They, therefore, quoted the name as of Smith. But Smith's 
pajjcr was not published until P'ebruary 13, 1838, he having read Miiller and Henle's paper about a month 
previously, in which Carcharodon appeared, and he evidently withdrew it with names he refers to in his 
paper." (In lit. June 28, 1920.) 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 21 

Order G. TECTOSPONDYLI." Tectospondylous sharks 

Suborder SQUALOIDEI. (Sharks without anal fin) 

Family 18. SQUALID^. Dogfishes 

Genus 45. SQUALUS linnseus. 

Squalus (Artedi) Linnseus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 233 (includes all sharks; 
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus made type by subsequent writers, following 
Rafinesque, 1810). 

Acathorhinus Blainville, Jour. Phys., 1816, 263 (Squalus acanthias Lin- 
naeus). 

Acanthias Risso, Europ. Merid., Ill, 1826, 131 (Squalus acanthias Linnaeus). 

84. Squalus acanthias Linnaeus. Spiny dogfish; Cod shark; Codfish shark; 

Thornback shark; Picked dogfish; Bone-dog; Dogfish; Skittle-dog. 
North Atlantic, on both coasts and about Cuba; abundant along shores 

of Northern and Middle States. 
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 233, coast of Europe. 
Acanthias vulgaris Risso, Europ. M6rid., Ill, 1826, 131, Nice. 
Acanthias americanus Storer, Svnop. N. Amer. Fishes, in Mem. Am. 

Acad., II, 1846, 506, Massachusetts. 

85. Squalus suckleyi (Girard). California dogfish; Dogfish. 

Pacific coast of America, from Santa Barbara to the Aleutian Islands; 

abundant in southeast and middle Alaska, through to Kamchatka. 
Spinax (Acanthias) suckleyi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 196, Fort Steilacoom, Wash. 

Genus 46. CENTROSCYMNUS Bocage and Capello. 

Centroscymnus Bocage and Capello, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 263 
(C. coelolepis Bocage and Capello). 

86. Centroscymnus coelolepis Bocage and Capello. 

Coast of Portugal and neighboring parts of the Atlantic; Gloucester, 

Mass., and Nova Scotia Banks. 
Centroscymnus catlolepis Bocage and Capello, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 

263, Portugal. 

Genus 47. CENTROSCYLLIUM Muller and Henle. 

Centroscyllium Miillcr and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 191 {Spinax fabricii 
Reinhardt). 

87. Centroscyllium fabricii (Reinhardt). 

Greenland seas; Gloucester and the Nova Scotia Banks. 
Spinax fabricii Reinhardt, Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. Forhandl., Ill, 1828, 
XVI, Greenland. 

Genus 48. ETMOPTERUS Rafinesque. 

Etmopterus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 14 (Etmopterus aculeatus Ra- 
finesque = Squalus spinax L.). 

Acanlhidium Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, 91 (Acanthidium pusillum 
Lowe, as restricted by Jordan and Evermann, 1896; restricted by 
Garman, 1912, to A. calcea, a species of Deania Jordan and Snyder). 

88. Etmopterus hillianus (Poey). 

We.st Indies; Cuba; St. Kitts. 

Spinax hillianus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 340, Cuba. 

Family 19. SOMNIOSID.£. Sleeper sharks 

Genus 49. SOMNIOSUS LeSueur. 

Somniosus LeSucur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 222 {Somniosus 

brevipinna LeHuenr = Squalus microcephalus Bloch and Schneider.) 
Lsemargus Muller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 93 (Squalus borealia 

Scoresby =^ Squalus microcephalus Bloch and Schneider). 
Leiodon Wood, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1847, 174 (Leiodon echi- 

natum Wood = Squalus microcephalus Bloch and Schneider). 
Rhinocymnus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 264 (^Scymnus 

rostratus Risso). 

" We group together under this name those sharks that, like the rays, lack the anal fin and that have 
also simplified or degenerate vertebrae, in which the hard material is arranged in rings without radiation. 



22 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

89. Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch and Schneider). Sleeper shark; Nurse 

shark. 
Arctic seas, south to Cape Cod, Oregon, San Francisco Bay, and France. 
Squalus microcephalus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 135, 

northern seas. 
Somniosus brevipinna LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 222, 

Massachusetts. 
Sqrialus borealis Scoresby, Arct. Reg., I, 1820, 538, pi. 15, Arctic. 
Squalus norwegianus Blainville, Faune Frangaise, 1828, 61, Norway. 
Squalus glacialis Faber, Natur der Fische Islands, 1829, 23, Iceland. 

Family 20. ECHINORHINIDiE. Bramble sharks 

Genus 50. ECHINORHINUS Blainville. 

Echinorhinus Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1816, 121 (Squalus spinosus 

Gmelin) . 
Goniodus Agassiz, Poiss. Fossiles, III, 1836, 183 (Squalus spinosus Gmelin). 

90. Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterrc). Bramble shark. 

Atlantic coasts of Europe, America, and Africa; scarce in the western 

Atlantic. 
Squalus brucus Bonnaterre, Tableau Encycl., Ichth., II, 1788, 1500, 

"the ocean." 
Squalus spiriosus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., 1789, 1500, "the ocean." 
Echinorhinus obesus Smith, Ills. Zool. So. Africa, Fishes, 1845, PI. I, Cape 

of Good Hope. 

Suborder SQUATINOIDEI 

Family 21. SQUATINID.ffi. Angel sharks 

Genus 51. SQUATINA Dumeril. 

Squatina Valmont de Bomare, Diet. Raisonnee, I, 1768, 117; not eligible. 

JRhina Klein, Neuer Schauplatz, II, 1776, 587; non-binominal. 

Squatina Dumeril, Zool. Analyt., 1806, 102 (Squatina angelus Dum6ril = 

Squahis squatina Linnceus). 
Rhina Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 14 (Squalus squatina L.) 

91. Squatina dumeril '^ LeSueur. Angelfish; Monkfish. 

Atlantic coast of United States; Newport, R. I. 

Squatina dumeril LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 225, pi. 
10, probably Florida. 

92. Squatina squatina (Linnaeus). Monkfish; Angelfish; Squato; Shark ray; 

Monkcyfish; Kingston; Fiddlefish; Little btdlhend shark. 

Atlantic on both coasts, north to southern England and Cape Cod. 

Squalus squatina Linnanis, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 233, coasts of Europe. 

Squatina Isevis Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 131; after Linnaeus. 

Squatina vulgaris Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 45, Nice. 

Squatina fimbriata Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 101, Mediter- 
ranean Sea. 

Squatina oculata Bonaparte, Faun. Ital., Pesc, XXVIII, 1840, Fasci. 147, 
pi. 143, Italy. 

Squatina lewis Couch, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., XIV., 1825, 90, Cornwall. 

93. Squatina californica Ayrcs. California angel shark. 

Pacific coast of America, from southeastern Alaska southward; not rare 

on coast of California. 
Squati7ia californica Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1859, 29, San 

Francisco. 

" As this species has not been distinguished generally from its near relative, Squatina squatina L., it is 
possible that cdl western Atlantic records belone to it. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 23 

Order H. BATOIDEI. Rays 
Suborder SARCURA. Thick-tailed rays 
Family 22. PRISTID^. Sawfishes 

Genus 52. PRISTIS Linck. 

Pristis Klein, Xeuer Schauplatz, VII, 1779, 403; non-binominal. 

Pristis Linck, Mag. Neueste Physik und Naturgeschichte, 1790, 31 

(Squalus pristis L.). 
Pristis Latham, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., II, 1794,276 (Squalus pristis L.). 

94. Pristis pectinatus Latham, Common sawfish; Pez sierra. 

Tropical Atlantic, north to West Indies and Florida; occasionally at Cape 

May and Grassy Sound. 
Pristis pectinatus Latham, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., II, 1794, 27S, "in 

the ocean." 
Pristis granulosa Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth , ISOl, 352, Habana; 

after Parra. 
Pristis mississippiensis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 86, lower 

Mississippi. 
Pristis megalodon Dumeril, Elasmobranchs, 1870, 476, pi. 9, Cayenne. 
Pristis acutirostris Dumeril, loc. cit., 479, Martinique. 
Pristis occa Dumeril, loc. cit., 479, locality unknown. 

95. Pristis zephyreus '^ Jordan and Starks. Pez de espada. 

Tropical seas entering rivers, north to Mazatlan on the Pacific coast. 
Pristis zephyreus Jordan and Starks, Fishes of Sinaloa, in Proc. Calif. 

Acad. Sci., V, 1895, 383, Mazatlan, Mexico; regarded by Garman as 

inseparable from Pristis microdon Latham. 

Family 23. RHINOBATID.a;. Guitarfishes 

Genus 53. RHINOBATOS Linck. Guitarfishes. 

Rhinobatus Klein, Xeuer Schauplatz, II, 1776, 593 (Rhinobatos seif = 
Squatina raja; non-ljinominal). 

Rhinobatos Linck, Magazin Neuestes, 1790, 32; type not specified. 

Rhinobatus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., ISOl, 353 {Rhinobatus 
rhinobatus). 

Syrrhina Mullerand Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 113 (Rhinobatus columna = 
Rhinobatos rhinobatus) . 

Glaucostegus Bonaparte, Catalogo Metodico, 1846, 14 (Rhinobatus rhino- 
batus). 

96. Rhinobatos horkeli (Muller and Henle). 

Brazil north to Windward Islands; St. Eustatius. 

Rhinobatus horkeli Muller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 122, pi. 41. 

97. Bhinobatos lentiginosus (Garman). Guitarro. 

Atlantic from Charleston, S. C, to Yucatan. 

Rhinobatus lentiginosus Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VI, 1880, 168, 
coast of Florida. 

98. Bhinobatos percellens (Walbaura). Fiddlerfish; Puraque. 

West Indies to Jamaica and southern Brazil. 

Raja percellens Walbaum, Artcdi Pise, 1792, 525, Brazil; after Puraque 

Marcgrave. 
Rhinobatus eleclricus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichtli., 1801, 356, Brazil. 
Rhinobatus undulatus Olfers, Torpedo, 18.31, 22, Brazil. 
Rhinobatus glaucostictus Olfers, loc. cit., 1831, 22, Brazil. 
Rhinobatus mnrcgravii Henle, Ueber Narcine, 1834, 34, Brazil. 

99. Bhinobatos stellio (Jordan and Rutter). 

West Indies. 

Rhinobatus stellio Jordan and Rutter, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., 
XLIX, 1897, 91, Kingston, Jamaica. 

•* The .'Vfrican species, P. perroUeti Valenciennes, probably does not occur in America. 



24 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

100. Rhinobatos spinosus (Giinther). 

Mexico. 

Rhinobatus spinosus Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 518, Mexico. 

101. Rhinobatos productus (Ayres). Guitarfish. 

San Francisco to San Diego. 

Rhinobatus producta Avres, in Girard, Proc., Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
VII, 1854, 196, Presidio of Monterey, Calif. 

102. Rhinobatos glaucostigma (Jordan and Gilbert). Guilarro. 

Gulf of California and southward. 

Rhinobatus glaucostigma Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., 
VI, 1883, 210, Mazatlan. 

103. Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Giinther). 

Panama and vicinity. 

Rhinobatus leucorhynchus Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1866, 604, 
Panama. 

Genus 54. ZAPTERYX Jordan and Gilbert. 

Zapteryx Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 53 
{Flatyrhina cxasperata Jordan and Gilbert). 

104. Zapteryx exasperatus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

San Diego Baj'; abundant. 

Platyrhina exasperata Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 

1880, 32, San Diego. 
Trigonorhina alveata Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VI, 1880, 169, 

San Diego. 

105. Zapteryx xyster Jordan and Evermann. 

Panama. 

Zapteryx xyster Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 65, Panama. 

Family 24. PIATYRHINID^ 

Genus 55. PIATYRHINOIDIS Garman. 

Platyrhinoidis Garman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 522 {Platyrhina 
triseriata Jordan and Gilbert). 

106. Platyrhinoidis triseriatus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Coast of California, from Point Conception southward. 
Platyrhina triseriata Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 36, Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Family 25. RAJID.^. Skates and rays 

Genus 56. RAJA Linnaeus. 

Raja (Artedi) Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 231 {Raja batis Lin- 
naeus). 

Dipturus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 16 {Raja batis L.). 

Platopterus Rafinesque, Anal. Nat. 1815, 93 {Raja batis L.). 

Dasybatus Blainville, Jour. Phys. 1816, 260 {communis) . 

Propterygia Otto, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Curios., 
1824, 777 {hyposticta; monstrous example with fins not adnate to 
head). 

Laeviraja Bonaparte, Faun. Ital., XXV, 1839, 130 {oxyrhynchus) . 

Hieroptera Fleming, Edinburgh New Philos. Jour., XXVI, 1841, 236 
{H. abredonensis F\ein. = R. clavata L.). 

Batis Bonaparte, Cat. Metod., 1846, 12 {radula; no description). 

Raia of various authors; merely change of spelling. 

Amblyraja Malm, Goteborg og Bohuslan's Fauna, 1877, 607 {Raia 
circularis M.&\m^Raia radiata Donovan). 

Lencoraja Malm, loc. cit., 609 {Raja fullonica L.). 

Alpharaia Leigh-Sharpe,'^ Jour. Morph., XXXIX, 1924, 568 {Raja 
circularis Couch). 

'« Mr. Leigh-Sharpe (Jour. Morphology, XXXIX, December, 1924) divides tlie genus Raja into nine 
"pseudogenera" on the morphology of the genital organs. To settle the question of the standing of pseu- 
dogenera, Jordan (in Copeia, 192.5) accepts all as subgenera. Most of those not named above {Epsiloiiraia, 
Zetaria, Etaria, Thetaria, and lolaria), outside of our limits, may prove valid genera. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 25 

Betaraia Leigh-Sharpe, loc. cit., 568 {Raja clavata Linnseus, a synonym 

of Heiroptera Fleming). 
Gammaraia Leigh-Sharpe, loc. cit., 568 (Raja batis Linnseus, a synonym 

of Raja Linnaeus). 
Deltaraia Leigh-Sharpe, loc. cit., 568 (Raja radiata Linnseus, a synonym 

of Amblyraja Malm). 

107. Raja laevis Mitchill. Barndoor skate; Winter skate; Peck-nosed skate. 

Massachusetts to Florida, common northward. 

Raja Isvis Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1817, 327, New York; 

name perhaps preoccupied by eligible authors (Gronow, 1763; 

Valmont, 1765; Duhamel, 1782). 
Raja stabuliforis Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

XXXVI, 1913, 341, PI. XXII, fig. 2, PI. XLIV, figs. 4-6, New 

England coast (substitute for laevis, regarded as preoccupied, a matter 

to be questioned). 

108. Raja radiata Donovan. 

Xorthern Iceland, southward on both coasts. 

Rata radiata Donovan, Hist. Brit. Fish., V, 1820, pi. 114, Great Britain. 

109. Raja scabrata Garman. 

Rata scabrata Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXXVI, 
1913, 340, pi. 21, pi. 44, figs. 1-3, Massachusetts Bay. Long con- 
fused with Raja radiata. 

110. Raja granulata Gill. 

Banks of Newfoundland. 

Raia granulata Gill, in Goode and Bean, Bull. Essex Inst., XI, 1879, 28, 
La Have Bank. 

111. Raja fyllae Liitken. 

Davis Straits, Greenland. 

Raja fyllse Liitken, Vid. Medd. Naturh. Foren. Kj0benhavn, 1887, 1, 
pi. 1, Davis Straits. 

112. Raja eglanteria Bosc. Skate; Brier ray; Possu7n ray; Sea possum; Bob- 

tailed skate; Clear-nosed skate; Su7nvier skate. 
Cape Cod, southward to Florida; rather common. 
Raia eglanteria Bosc, in Lacep^de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 104, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Raia dcsmareslia LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IV, 1824, 100, 

Florida. 
Raia chantenay LeSueur, loc. cit., 106, America. 
Raia americana DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 368, pi. 66, fig. 

215, Staten Island. 

113. Raja erinacea Mitchill. Hedgehog ray; Common skate; Little skate; Tobac- 

cobox; Prickly skate; Sutn?ner skate. 
Nova Scotia to the Carolinas; very abundant from Virginia to Maine. 
Raia erinacea Mitchill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, IX, 1825, 290, pi. 6, 

New York. 

114. Raja diaphanes Mitchill. Clear ray. 

Ea.st Coast of United States. 

Raia ocellata Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., 1, 1803, 877, New 

York; not of Russell. 
Raia diaphanes Mitchill, loc. cit., 478, New York. 

115. Raja senta Garman. 

Banks of Newfoimdiand to Cape Cod; in deep water. 
Raja senta Garman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 43, Cape Cod 
Bay; La Have Bank. 

116. Raja microtrachys Csburn and Nichols. 

Off west coast of Lower California. 

Raja microtrachys Osburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1917, 142, fig. 1, off Guadalupe Island in deep water. 

117. Raja ackleyi Garman. 

Yucatan Banks. 

Raja ackleyi Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 234, Yucatan 
Banks. 



26 tr. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

118. Raja ornata Garman. 

Coast of South Carolina and Florida. 

Raja ornata Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 235, off 
South Carolina. 

119. Raja plutonia Garman. 

Deep water off South Carolina. 

Raja plutonia Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 236, off 
South Carolina. 

120. Raja rhina Jordan and Gilbert. 

IMonterev to Alaska; not rare. 

Raja rhina Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 251, 
Monterey; San Francisco. 

121. Raja parmifera Bean. 

Common on coast of Alaska; Bristol Bay. 

Raja parmifera Bean. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 157, Unalaska. 

122. Raja aleutica Gilbert. 

Unalaska, Aleutian Islands. 

Raja aleutica Gilbert, Rcpt. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 (1895), 397, 
pi. 21, Sannak Pass, Aleutian Islands, in 81 fathoms. 

123. Raja rosispinis Gill and Townsend. 

Bering Sea. 

Rata rosispinis Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XI, 1897, 

231, Bering Sea. 

Raia obt^isa Gill and Townsend, loc. cit., 231, Bering Sea. 

124. Raja interrupta Gill and Town.send. 

Raia interrupta Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XI, 1897, 

232, Bering Sea. 

125. Raja binoculata Girard. Big skate of California. 

Pacific coast; abundant from Monterey to Sitka. 

Raja binoculata Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 196, 

San Francisco. 
Raia cooperi Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, Pt. 4, Fishes, 1858, 372, 

Shoal water Bay, Wash. 

126. Raja stellulata Jordan and Gilbert. 

Coast of California and northward to Unalaska 

Raja stellulata Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 
133, Monterey Bay. 

127. Raja inornata Jordan and Gilbert. Common skate {California.) 

Coast of California; very abundant from San Diego to Cape Mendocino. 
Raja inornata Jordan and Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 

457, San Francisco. 
Raia jordani Garman, loc. cit., VIII, 1885, 43, San Francisco. 
Raia inornata inermis Jordan and Gilbert, loe. cit., IV, 1881, 74, Santa 

Barbara. 

128. Raja montereyensis Gilbert. 

Monterey Bav. 

Raja montereyensis Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 1915, 307, 
Monterey Bay off Santa Cruz, Calif., in 26 to 28 fathoms. 

129. Raja equatorialis Jordan and Bollman. 

West coast of Colombia, between Panama and Galapagos Islands. 
Raja equatorialis Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus.. XII, 
1889, 150, off Colombia. 

130. Raja trachura Gilbert. 

Santa Barbara Islands; south of Shumagin Islands, Central Alaska. 
Raja trachura Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891. 539, off Santa 
Barbara, at Albatross station 2923 in 822 fathoms. 

131. Raja abyssicola Gilbert. 

Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia, in deep water. 

Raja abyssicola Gilbert, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 (1895), 396, 

pi. 20, off Queen Charlotte Island, at Albatross station 3342 in 1,588 

fathoms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 27 

Genus 57. DACTYLOBATUS Bean and Weed. 

Dadi/lobatus Bean and Weed, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XX VI, 1909, 459 
{D. armaius Bean and Weed). 

132. Dactylobatus armatiis Bean and Weed. 

Deep water off South Carolina. 

Dactylobatus armatus Bean and Weed. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXXVI, 
1911, 459, off Charleston in 270 fathoms. 

Suborder NARCACIONTES 

Family 26. TORPEDINID.ffl. Electric rays 

Genus 58. TETRANARCE i* Gill. Great torpedo. 

Tetranarce Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1862, 387 (Torpedo 

occidentalis Storer) ; misprinted Teironarce. 
Gymnotorpedo Fritsch, Arch. Anal. Phys., 1886, 365 {T or pedo occidentalis 
Storer). 

133. Tetranarce occidentalis (Storer). Electricfish; Cramp fish; Torpedo; 

Numbfish. 

Atlantic coast of United States, Cape Cod to Cuba; not very common. 

Torpedo occidentalis Storer, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XLV, 1843, 165, 
pi. 3, Massachusetts. Garman regards this species as inseparal)le 
from Torpedo nobiliana Bonaparte of the Mediterranean. 

134. Tetranarce calif ornica (.\yrcs). California torpedo; Crampfish. 

Coast of California; not recorded from soutli of Monterey; recently 

reported from Cape Flattery, Wash. 
Torpedo californica Ayrcs, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 74, 

San Francisco. 

Genus 59. NARCINE Henle. 

Narcine Henle, Ueber Narcinc, 1834, 31 (Torpedo brasiliensis von 

Olf ers) . 
Syrraxis Jourdain, in Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, fasc. 160, 1841 (Narcine 

indica Henle). 
Cyclonarce Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 387 (Raia 

timlei Schneider). 
Gonionarce Gill, loc. cit., 387 (Narcine indica Henle). 

135. Narcine brasiliensis (Olfcrs). Torpedofish; Small electric ray; Trembler. 

West Indies and Brazil, occasionally northward to Key West and the 

coast of North Carolina. 
Torpedo brasiliensis von Offers, Torpedo, 1831, 19, tab. 2, fig. 4, Brazil. 
Torpedo bancrofli GriflTith, Anim. King., X, 1834, 649, PI. XXXIV, 

Jamaica. 
Narcine nigra Dumdril, Revue Znol., 272, 1852, Brazil. 
Torpedo pictus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 13, 1854, Antilles. 
Narcine brasiliensis corallina Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 

1881, 234, Florida. 
Narcine umbrosa Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 105, Key 

West. 

136. Narcine entemedor Jordan and Starks. Entemedor. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Mazatlan, La Paz, Panama. 
Narcine entemedor Jordan and Starks, Fishes of Sinaloa, Proc. Calif. 
.\cad. Sci., V, 1805, 3S7, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 60. DISCOPYGE Heckel. 

Discopyge Heckel, in Tschudi, Fauna Peruana, 1846, 32 (D. tschudii 
Tschudi). 

137. Discopyge ommata Jordan and Gilbert. 

Panama; rare 

Discopyge ommata Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1889, 151, Panama. 

" In the Old World genus Torpedo Forskftl, as then understood, the spiracles are provided with a frieze 
of filaments, at least in joints. In Tetranarce these are absent. The following is the synonymy of Torpedo: 

Torpedo ForskiM, Fauna Arabica, 1775, 16. in part (Raia torpedo !>., confused with Malapterurus elec- 
Iricxu, the elertrif catfish of the Nile). 

Narcarion Klein, Neuer .'^chauplatz,, IV, 1777, 726, nonbinomlal {Raja torpedo L.}. 

Fimtiriotorpcdo Fritsch, loc. cit., 365 {Torpedo marmorata liiaao = Raja torpedo L.). 



28 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Suborder MASTICURA. Whip-tailed rays 

Family 27. DASYATID^ffi. Stingrays 

Genus 61. PASTINACHUS Ruppell. 

Pasiinachus Ruppell, Atlas, Reise Nord Africa, 1828, 82 {Rata sephen 

ForskS,l) ; tail rounded above, with a keel below. 
Hypolophtis Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1838, 170 {Raia sephen 

Forsk&l). 

138. Pastinachus centrourus (Mitchill). Stingaree; Stingray; Devilfish; 

Pigeon stingray; Clam-cracker. 
Coast of Maine to Cape Hatteras, abundant; the same or a related 

species in the Mediterranean. 
Raja centroura Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 479, 

New York. 

139. Pastinachus schmardae (Werner). 

West Indies. 

Dasyatis schmardx Werner, Zool. Jahrb., XXI, 1904, 298, Jamaica. 

140. Pastinachus torrei (Carman). Sabina; Lebisa. 

West Indies. 

Dasyatis torrei Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 
XXXVI, 1913, 386, Tunas de Zaza, Cuba. 

Genus 62. DASYATIS Rafinesque. Stingrays 

Dasybatits Klein, Neuer Schauplatz, I, 1775, 191; not binomial. 

Dasyatis Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 16 {Dasyatis mjo Rafinesque = i2a/o 
pastinaca L.) . 

Uroxis Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 61 (17. vjo Rafinesque). 

Trigonobatus Blainville, Jour. Phys., 1816, 261 {T. vulgaris Blainville = 
Pastinaca L.). 

Trygon Adanson, in Cuvier, Regno Anim., ed. I, 1817, 135 (Raja pasti- 
naca L.). 

Pastinaca Swainson, Class. Anim., 1839, 319 (Pastinaca olivacea 
Swainson). 

Pastinaca DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 372 {Raja pastinaca L.). 

Dasibatis Garman, corrected spelling. 

141. Dasyatis longus (Garman). 

Gulf of California to Panama: Galapagos. 

Trygon longa Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VI, 1880, 170, Acapulco, 
Mexico. 

142. Dasyatis hastatus (DeKay). Whip stingray; Kit; Stingaree. 

West Indies to Brazil, north to Florida, North Carolina and Rhode 

Island. 
Pastinaca hastata DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 373, pi. 65, fig. 

214, Rhode Island. 

143. Dasyatis guttatus (Schneider). 

Surinam to Brazil; recorded from Granada. 

Raia guttata Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 361, no locality given. 

TrT/gon gymnura J. Miiller, in Erdmann's Reise um die Erde, 1830, 

25, taf. 13, Brazil. 
Raja tuberculata Lacdpfede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 106, pi. 4, 

fig. 1, Cayenne; not of Bonnaterre. 

Genus 63. AMPHOTISTIUS Garman. 

Amphotistius Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 1913, 
375 {Trygon sinensis Steindachner); tail with a distinct fold above 
and below. 

144. Amphotistius say (LeSueur). Southern stingray. 

New Jersey to Brazil, common in Florida; occasionally northward to 

New York. 
Raja say LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 42, New Jersey. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 29 

145. Amphotistius sabinus (LeSueur). 

Streams and estuaries of Florida; abundant on both coasts. 

Trygon sabina LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IV, 1824, 109, 

Florida. 
Trygon osteosticta Miiller, in Erdmann's Reise um die Erde, 1830, 25, 

pi. 14, Brazil. 

146. Amphotistius dipterurus (JordSn and Gilbert). 

Bay of San Diego and southward; locally abundant. 

Dasyhatis dipterurus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 

1880, 31, San Diego; identified bj- Garman with Dasyatis brevis 

Garman, from Peru. 

Genus 64. PTEEOPLATEA Muller and Henle. 

Ptcroplatea jMiiller and Henle, Plagioetomen, 1838, 168 {Raja altavcla L.) 

147. Pteroplatea altavela (Linnseus) 

Tropical Atlantic, occasionally northward to Mediterranean and in 

Gulf Stream; Beaufort, N. C.; Woods Hole, Mass.; taken at Penzance 

Point in Buzzards Bay (Nichols). 
Raja altavela Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 232, no locality. 
Dasyatis attavilla Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 49, Sicily. 
Pleraplatea canariensis Valenciennes, Ichth. Canaries, 1843, 100, pi. 23, 

fig. 9, Canary Islands. 
Pteraplatea lalenciennei A. Dum^ril, Elasmobranches, 1865, 612, no 

locality. 
Pteroplatea vaillanti Rochebrune, Bull. Sci. Philom., IV, 1880, 159, no 

locality. 

148. Pteroplatea micrura (Schneider). Butterfly ray. 

Rhode Island to Brazil. 

Raia micrura Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 360, Surinam. 
Rain maclura LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 41, Rhode 
Island. 

140. Pteroplatea niarniorata Cooper. 

Coast of California, from Point Conception soutiiward to Cedros Island; 

common. 
Pteroplatea marmorata Cooper, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., Ill, 1863, 
\\'2. fig. 25, San Diego. 

150. Pteroplatea crebripunctata Peters. Mania rain Colorado; Mauta raia. 

Gulf of California, southward along the west coast of Mexico; common. 
Pteroplatea crebripunctata Peters, Monatsher. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869, 

703, ALizatlan. 
Pteroplatea ravn Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Fishes of Sinaloa, Proc. 

Calif. Acad. Sci., Ser. 2, V, 1895, 390, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 65. UROBATIS Garman. 

Urobatis Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXXVI, 
1913, 401 {Leiobatus sloani Blainville). 

151. Urobatis sloani flihiinville). Maid. 

West Indies, g(Micrally common; occasionally northward; once (perhaps 

doubtfully) recorded from New .Jersey. 
Leiobatus doani Blainville, Bull. Sci. Philom. , 1816, 121, Jamaica; after 

Pastinaca marina Sloan. 
Raja jamaicensis Cuvier, Hegiic Anim., ed. I, 1817, 137, Jamaica. 
Trygonobatus torpedinus Desmarest, Prcm. Dec. Ichth., I, 1823, 6, 

Cuba. 

162. Urobatis vermiculatus (Garman). 
West Indies. 

Urobatis sloani vermiculatus Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. 
Zool., XXXVI, 1913, 802, Progreso, Yucatan. 

153. Urobatis halleri (Cooper). Round stingray. 

(^oast of CaHfornia, from Point Conception southward. 
Urolophus halleri Cooper, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., Ill, 1863, 95, 
San Diego. 

6424°— 29 3 



30 tr. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

154. Urobatis umbrifer (Jordan and Starks). 

West coast of Mexico. 

Urolophus umbrifer Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Fishes Sinaloa, Proc. 

Calif. Acad. Sci., Ser. 2, V, 1895, 389, Mazatlan, Mexico; regarded 

by Garman as inseparable from Urobatis halleri. 

155. Urobatis nebulosus (Garman). 

Gulf of California to Panama. 

Urolophus nebulosus Garman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 41, 
Colima, Mexico. 

156. Urobatis concentricus Osburn and Nichols. 

Gulf of California. 

Urobatis concentricus Osburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 144, fig. 2, Esteban Island, Gulf of California. 

Genus 66. UROTRYGON Gill. 

Urotrygon Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 173 (Urotrygon 
mundus Gill). 

157. Urotrygon mundus Gill. 

West coast of Mexico. 

Urotrygon mundus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 173, 

Panama. 
Urolophus asterias Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 

579, Mazatlan; Panama. 
Urolophus rogersi Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Fishes of Sinaloa, Proc. 

Calif. Acad. Sci., Ser. 2, V, 1895, 388, Mazatlan. 

158. Urotrygon goodei (Jordan and BoUman.) 

Panama and vicinity. 

Urolophus goodei Jordan and BoUman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1889, 151, near Panama. 

159. Urotrygon aspidurus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Urolophus aspidurus Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IV, 
1881, 307, Panama. 

Family 28. AETOBATID.ffi. Eagle rays 

Genus 67. STOASODON Cantor. 

Aetobatis Miiller and Henle, Plagiostomen, 1841, 180 (Raia narinari 

Euphrasen) ; not Aetobatus Blainville. 
Sioasodon Cantor, Cat. Malayan Fishes, 1850, 434 {Raia narinari 

Euphrasen). 
Goniobatis Agassiz, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., VI, 1859, 385 (flagellum). 

160. Stoasodon narinari (Euphrasen). Spotted stingray; Bishop ray; Obispo; 

Lady ray. 
Tropical seas; north on the Atlantic coast to Virginia; Pacific coast, 

Gulf of California to Panama. 
Raia narinari Euphrasen, Vedensk. Akad. Nya Handl., XI, 1790, 217, 

Brazil. 
Raia flagellum Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 361, Coromandel. 
Myliobatis eeltenkee Riippell, Neu. Wirb., 1835, 70, Red Sea. 
Goniobatis macroptera McClelland, Calcutta Jour. Nat. Hist., I, 1841, 

60, Bengal. 
Aetobatus laticeps Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VIII, 1865, 137, 

California. 

Genus 68. PTEROMYLiEUS Garman. 

Pteromylxus Garman, Plagiostomia, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXXVI, 
1913, 437 {Myliobatis asperrimus Gilbert). 

161. Pteromylaeus asperrimus (Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Myliobatis asperrimus Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2754, Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 31 

Genus 69. AETOBATUS '« Blainville. Eagle rays. 
Aetobatus Blainville, Jour. Phj^s., LXXXIII, 1816, 261 (Rata aquila as 

Aetobatus vulgaris Blainville). 
Myliobatis Dumeril in Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, 137 {Raia 

aquila). 
Holorhinus Gill, Proe. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 331 {Rhinoptera 

vespertilio Gira.rd = Myliobatus californicus Gill). 

162. Aetobatus freminvillii (LeSueur). Stingaree; Sharp-nosed ray; Long- 

tailed stingray. 
Cape Cod to Brazil. 
Myliobatis freminuillii LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IV, 1824, 

111, Rhode Island. 
Myliobatis bispinosus Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., I, 1841, 53, 

Massachusetts. 
Myliobatis acuta Ayres, loc. cit., I, 1842, 65, Brookhaven, Long Island, 

N. Y. 

163. Aetobatus goodei (Garman). 

Central .\merica to Brazil; Rio Grande do Sul. 

Myliobatis goodei Garman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 39, 
Central America. 

164. Aetobatus californicus (Gill). California stingray; Batfish. 

California from Cape Medocino southward. 

Rhinoptera vespertilio Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

137, Tomales Bay; not Myliobatis vespertilio Bleeker. 
Myliobatis californicus Gill, .\nn. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VIII, 1865, 

137; after Girard. 

Family 29 RHINOPTERIDiE 

Genus 70. RHINOPTERA Kuhl. 

Rhinoptera Kulil in Cuvier, Regne Anim. ed. II, II, 1829, 401 (My- 
liobatis marginatus Goeffroy). 

Zygobalis Agassiz, Poiss. Fossiles, III, 1836, 79 {Z. jussieui Agassiz). 

Mylorhina Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1865, 136 (Rhinoptera 
lalandi Miiller and Henle). 

Micromesus Gill, loc. cit., 136 (^Rhinoptera adspersa Miiller and Henle). 

165. Rhinoptera bonasus Mitchill. Cowfish; Cow-nosed ray. 

Cape Cod to Florida. 

Rhinoptera bonasus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 479, 

New York; description inadequate. 
Rata quadriloba LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 44, 

New Jersey. 

166. Rhinoptera steindachneri Kvermaiin and Jenkins. Gabilan. 

Gulf of California. 

Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., XIV, 1891, 130, pi. 1, fig. 1, Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. 

167. Rhinoptera encenadse Ro.sa Smith. 

Todos Santos Bay, Lower California. 

Rhinoptera encenadx Rosa Smith, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 
220, Ensenada de TckIos Santos, Lower California. Jaw only. 

Family 30. MOBULID^. Sea devils 

Genus 71. MOBULA Rafinesque. 

Mobula Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 61 (M. auriculata = Squalus edentulua 

Brunnich). 
Apterurus Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 62 (A. fabroni Rafinesque). 
Cephalopterus Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 14 (Raja giorna Lac^pfide); 

not of Goeffroy St. Hilaire, 1809, a genus of birds. 
Dicerobatus Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1816, 116 (Raja mobular 

Lacepi^de). 
Pterocephala Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 321, 

(Raja giorna Lac6p6de). 

'« Muller and Henle correctly referred Aftohaliu Blainville to the type of liaja aquila, spelling the name, 
however, a.s Aftobatia. They then created a new genu3, Aelobalis for Jiaia narinari, an arrangement with- 
out warrant. 



32 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

168. Mobula hypostonia (Bancroft). 

Jamaica. 

Cephalopterus hypostomus Bancroft, Proc. Comm. Zool. Soc, 1830, 134, 
Jamaica. 

169. Mobula olfersi (Miillcr and Ilenlc). Small devilfish. 

Cupe Lo()i<out, N. C, to Brazil. 

Ceplialopterus olfersi Midler and Ilcnle, Abhandl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 

1834, 311, Brazil; regarded by Garman as identical with M. thy- 

posloma. 

Genus 72. CERATOBATIS Boulenger. 

Ceralobatis Boulenger, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XX, 1897, 227 (C. robertsi 
Boulenger). 

170. Ceratobatis robertsi Boulenger. 

Jamaica. 

Ceratubalis robertsi Boulenger, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XX, 1897, 227, 
Jamaica. 

Genus 73. MANTA Bancroft. 

Mania Bancroft, Zool. Jour., IV, 1828-29, 444 {Cephalopterus manta 

Bancroft = /?«io birostris Walbaum, 1792). 
Ceratoptera Miiller and Henle, Sy.st. Besclir., Plagiostmon, 1838, 186 

(Cephaloptera vampyrus Mitchill). 
Brachioptilon Newman, Zoologist, 1849, 74 (B. hamiltoni). 
Diabolichthys Holmes, Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1856, 39 (D. 

elliotti Holmes). 

171. Manta birostris (Walbaum). Sea devil; Devilfish; Manta; Blanketfish. 

Tropical waters of America; north to New Jersey and San Diego; not 

rare on the Florida coast. 
Raia birostris Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 535, after Diabolus marinus 

Willughby, etc. 
Raid manatia Schneider, Svst. Ichth., 1801, 364, tropical America. 
Raia fimhr lata Laccpede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 677, Gulf Stream. 
Cephaloptcrus vampyrus Mitchill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., I, 1823, 

23, Delaware Bay. 
Cephalopterus giorna LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IV, 1824, 

115, Georgia. 
Cephaloptera mania or Mania americana Bancroft, Zool. Jour., IV, 

1828, 444, Jamaica. 
Cephaloptera johni Miiller and Henle, Svst. Beschr. Plagiostomen, 1838, 

186, West Indies. 
Diabolichthys elliotti Holmes, Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist., I, 1856, 39, 

Charleston, S. C. 

172. Manta hamiltoni (Newman). 

San Diego; Gulf of California to Panama, not rare; not known to be 

distinct from Mania birostris. 
Brachioptilon humilloni Newman, Zoologist, 1849, 74, Gulf of California. 

Subclass HOLOCEPHALI. Chimaeras 

Order I. CHIMiEROIDEI. Chimseroids 

Family 31. CHIM.ffiRIDiE. Chimaeras 

Genus 74. CHIMERA Linnseus. Elephant fishes. 

Cltiiniira Linna-us, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 236 (C monstrosa Linnjeus). 

173. Chimaera monstroaa Linnieus. 

Deep waters of the Atlantic; off Portugal and off the American coast 

from Cape Cod northward. 
Chimxra monstrosa L., Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 236, Atlantic. 
Chinnera mediterranea Risso, Europ. Merid., Ill, 1S2(), 168, Nice. 
Chirmera cristata Faber, Natur. der Fische Islands, 1829, 45, Iceland. 
Calloryhnchus cenlrina and Callorhynchus atlanticus Gronow, Cat. 

Fishes, 15, 16, 1854. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 33 

Genus 75. BATHYALOPEX CoUett. 

Bathyalopex CoUett, Arch. .Math. Natur., XXXIII, 1901, 125 {Chimxra 
mirabilio Collettj. 

174. Bathyalopex plumbeus (Gill). 

Gulf Stream in deep water. 

Chimsera plumbea Gill, Bull. Phil. Soc. Wash., Dec, 1877, 182, La Have 
Bank, lat. 42° 40' X., long. 63° 23' W., in 350 fathoms. 

175. Bathyalopex abbreviatus (Gill). 

Chimera abbreviata Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 254, at 40° N., 
long. 67° W., in 1,290 fathoms. 

Genus 76. PSYCHICHTHYS Fowler. 

Psychichthys Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 419 
{Hydrolagus icaitei Prowler). 

176. Psychichthys aflanis (Capello). 

Open sea, from Cape Cod to Portugal. 

Chimxra affinis Capello, Jour. Soc. Math., Lisbon, IV, 1868, 314, 
Portugal in deep water. 

Genus 77. HYDROLAGUS Gill. 

Hydrolagus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 331 {Chimsera 
colliei Lay and Bennett). 

177. Hydrolagus colliei (Lay and Bennett). Ratfish; Elephant fish. 

Pacific coast, Monterey to Alaska; abundant in cold water at no great 

depth. 
Chimsera colliei Lay and Bennett, Beechey's Voy., Zool., 1839, 71, North 

Pacific. 

Family 32. RHINOCHIMiERID.E 

Genus 78. HARRIOTTA Goode and Bean. 

Harriotta Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1895, 471 

(//. raleighana Goode and Bean). 
Anteliochimsera Tanaka, Jour. Coll. Sci., Imp. Univ. Tokyo, XXVIII, 

art. 8, 1909, .Japan {A. chseiirhamphus Tanaka). 

178. Harriotta raleighana Goode and Bean. 

Deep water olf the north Atlantic coast of the United States. 
Harriotta raleighana Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 
1894 (Jan. 26, 1895), 472, pi. 19, Gulf Stream at 39° N., 70° W. 

179. Harriotta curtiss-jamesi Townsend and Nichols. 

Deep water off Lower California. 

Harriotta curtia-jameai Tovvn.send and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 
Hist., LII, 1925, 6, fig. 2, off Lower California, lat. 26°, in 645 fathoms. 

Class IV. PISCES. True fishes 

Subclass ACTINOPTERI 

Order J. GLANIOSTOMI 

Family 33. ACIPENSERID^E. Sturgeons 

Genus 79. ACIPENSER '" Linnaus. Sturgeons. 

Acipenser Linnjcus, Syst. Xat., ed. X, 1758, 237 (A. sturio L.). 
Ichthocolla Geoffroy, Descr. de 719 Plantes, etc., 1767, 399 (presumably 

A. huso L.). 
Sterleta GUldenstadt, Nov. Com. Sci. Petropol., XVI, 1772, 533 (A. 

ruthenus L.). 
Sturio Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 41 {Sturio vulgaris Rafinesque = i4. 

sturio L.). 
Sterlelus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 80 {A. serotinus Rafinesque = 

A. fulvescens Rafinescpie). 

" This group ultimately may need subdivisioD into distinct genera, but none of tbe many proposed Is 
adequately defined. ^ 



34 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Helops Brandt and Ratzeburg, Medizinische Zoologie, II, 1833, 3, 349 

{A. stellntus Pallas = yl. halops Pallas). 
Sterletus Brandt and Ratzeburg, loc. cit., 349 (A. ruthenus L.). 
Sturio Miiller, Anab. Myxinoiden, 1835, 77 {A. sturio L.). 
A7itaceus Heckel and Fitzinger, Ann. Wiener Mus., I, 1836, 293 (A. 

scfu/pa Eichwald). 
Lioniscus Heckel and Fitzinger, loc. cit., 370 (.4. glabra Fitzinger). 
Sterletus Bonaparte, Cat. Metod., 184.5, 21 (A. vultharius L.). 
Ellops Gistel, Naturg. Thierreichs, IX, 1848 (.4. helops Pallas). 
Schipa Brandt, Bull. Acad. Sci. Petersb., VII, 1850, 113 {A. schypa 

Eichwald). 

180. Acipenser transmontanus Richardson. White sturgeon; Oregon stur- 

geon; Sacramento sturgeon. 

Pacific coast of North America, from Monterey to Alaska; once 
abundant, now nearly extinct; largest of the sturgeons, reaching a 
weight of 1,000 pounds. A record sturgeon, Acipenser transmon- 
tanus, taken at Astoria, weighed 1,900 pounds. 

Acipenser transmontanus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 
278, Fort Vancouver. 

Acipenser brachyrhynchus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 
15, San Francisco. 

Acipenser aleutensis Fitzinger and Heckel, Ann. Wien. Mus. Naturg., 
1836, Aleutian Islands, after Pallas. 

Acipenser caryi Dumeril, Nouv. Arch. Mus., Ill, 1S67, 169, San Fran- 
cisco. 

Acipenser ayresi Dumeril, loc. cit., 171, San Francisco. 

Acipenser pxdnami Dumeril, loc. cit., 178, San Francisco. 

181. Acipenser oxyrhynchus Mitchill. Common sturgeon. 

New York to Carolina, once abundant along the shores; very close to 
the common sea sturgeon of Europe {Acipenser sturio L.), but with 
fewer lateral plates and rougher ossification; the two perhaps identical. 

Acipenser oxyrhynchus Mitchill, Trans Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1814, 
462, New Y'ork. 

Acipenser mitchilU Dumeril, Nouv. Arch. Miis.. Til, 1867, New York. 

Acipenser kennicotti Dumeril, loc. cit., James River. 

Acipenser girardi Dumeril, loc. cit., Maryland. 

Acipenser macrorhinus Dumeril, loc. cit.. New York, 

Acipenser milberti Dumeril, loc. cit., New York. 

Acipenser bairdi Dumeril, loc, cit., Maryland. 

Acipenser storeri Dumeril, loc. cit., Boston. 

Acipenser holbrooki Dumeril, loc. cit., Charleston. 

Acipenser lecontei Dumeril, loc. cit., New York. 

182. Acipenser brevirostris LeSueur. Short-nosed sturgeon. 

Caj)e Cod to Florida. 

Acipenser brevirostrum LeSueur, Trans. Amcr. Phil. Soc, T, ISIS, 290, 

Atlantic coast. 
Acipenser ynicrorhynchus Duuidril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1870, 105 and 

164, New York. 
Acipenser lesueuri Valenciennes, in Dumdril, loc. cit., 105 and 166, 

Atlas, pi. 16, figs. 1 and la. New York. 
Acipenser dckayi Dumeril, loc. cit., 105 and 168, New Y'ork. 

183. Acipenser acutirostris Ayres. Green sturgeon. 

Pacific coast of America, ascending rivers from Monterey ntrthward; 

not rare. 
Acipenser acutirostris Ayres, Proc, Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 14, 

San Francisco. 
Acipenser medirostris Ayres, loc cit., 15, San Francisco. 
Acipenser (Antaceus) a'gassizii Dumeril, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, III, 

1867, 181, PI. XI, figs. 2, 2a, 2b, San Francisco. 
Acipenser {Antaceus) alexandri Dumeril, loc. cit., 183, PI. XV, figs. 

1, la, lb, San Francisco. 

Acipenser {Antaceus) oligopeUis Dum6ril, loc. cit., 184, PI. XV, figs, 

2, 2a, 2b. San Francisco. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 35 

184. Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque. Lake sturgeon; Ohio sturgeon; Red 

sturgeon. 
Mississippi Valley, Great Lakes and northward, ascending rivers, but 

not entering the sea; varying much with age. 
Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., I, August, 1817, 

288, Great Lakes. 
Acipenser ruhicundus LevStienr, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, I, 1818, 388, 

Lakes Ontario, Erie, and all the upper lakes. 
Acipenser maculosus LeSueur, loc. cit., 393, Ohio River; young. 
Accipenser serotinus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 80, Ohio River. 
Accipenser ohiensis Rafinesque, loc. cit., 81, Ohio River. 
Accipenser macrostomus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 81, Ohio River. 
Diiiectus truncatus Rafinesque^ loc. cit., 82; erroneous, based on a 

drawing by Audubon. 
Acipenser rupertianus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 311, 

Albany River, Rupert Land. 
Acipenser laevis Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 267; Lake Superior. 
Acipenser carbonarius Agassiz, loc. cit., 271, Lake Superior. 
Acipenser rhynchasus Agassiz, loc. cit., 276, Lake Superior. 
Acipenser liopeltis Giinther, Cat. Fishes, VTII. 1870, 341, Mississippi. 
Acipenser (Huso) copei Dum^ril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1870, 105 and 108, 

supposedly upper Missouri. 
Acipenser (Huso) rauchi Dum^ril, loc. cit., 105 and 118, Osage River, Mo. 
Acipenser {Huso) richardsoni Dum(5ril, loc. cit., 105 and 120, upper 

Mississippi. 
Acipenser (Huso) anasimos Dum(5ril, loc. cit., 105 and 122, Missouri 

River at St. Louis. 
Acipenser (Huso) paranasimos Dum^ril, loc. cit., 105 and 124, Hunts- 

ville, .Ala. 
Acipenser (Huso) anthracinus Dumc'-ril, loc. cit., 105 and 126, Lake Erie. 
Acipenser (Huso) megalaspis Dunicril, loc. cit., 105 and 133, Lake 

Champlain. 
Acipenser (Huso) lamarii Dum<'>ril, loc. cit., 105 and 139. Mississippi 

River or Lake Erie. 
Acipenser (Huso) atclaspis Dumcril, loc. cit.. 105 and 141, Saskatchewan 

River. 
Acipenser (Huso) rafinesquii Dimu'ril, loc. cit., 105 and 143, Ohio River. 
Acipenser (Huso) rosarium Dumcril, loc. cit., 105 and 152, Atlas, pi. 17, 

figs. 2 and 2a, upper Mississippi or Lake Eric. 
Acipenser (Huso) platyrhinus Dumcril, loc. cit., 105 and 154, upper 

Mississippi or Lake Erie. 
Acipenser (Huso) kirllaudi Dumt^'Hl, loc. cit., 105 and 161, Lake Erie. 
Acipenser (Huso) nertinianus Dumi'ril, loc. cit., 105 and 162, Michigan. 
Acipenser (Antaceus) Cincinnati Dum6ril, loc. cit., 220 and 228, Ohio 

River. 
Acipenser (Antaceus) buffalo Dun)('ril, loc. cit., 220 and 231, Lake Erie, 

BufTalo. 

Genus 80. SCAPHIRHYNCHUS Heckel. Shovelnose sturgeons. 

ticaphirhynclnis llocktl, Ann. Wit-n. Mus. Naturg , I, 1835, 71 (S. 
rafinesquei Heckel = .lcjpenser platnnjnchus Rafinesque); not Sca- 
phorhynchus Maximilian, a genus of birds. 

Scaphirhynchops Gill, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, V, 1863, 12, 178 (Acipen- 
ser platorynchus Rafinesque). 

185. Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (Rafinesque). Shovelnose sturgeon; 

Suilchtail; Haclchhack; Sinid sturgeon. 
Mississippi Valley; common in the larger streams. 
Acipenser platorynchus Rafincsfiuc, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 80, Ohio 

River. 

Genus 81. PARASCAPHIRHYNCHUS Forbes and Richardson. 

Parascaphirhynchus Forbes and Richardson, liull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., 
VI r. 1905, 38 (P. albns Forbes and Richard.son). 

186. Parascaphirhynchus albus Forbes and Richardson. White shovelnose 

sturgeon; White sturgeon, 
Mississippi River; rare. 
Parascaphirhynchus albus Forbes and Richardson, Bull. III. Lab. Nat 

Hist., VII,' 1905, 38, Mississippi River at Grafton, 111. 



36 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Order K. SELACHOSTOMI 

Family 34. POLYODONTID^. Paddlefishes 

Genus 82. POIYODON lacepede. 

PolyodoH Lacepede, Bull., Soc. Philom., 1797, 49 (P. folium Lac6p&de). 
Spathidaria Shaw, Gen. Zool., V, 1804, 362 (iS. reticulata^ Squalus 

spat hula Walbaum). 
Platirostra LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817 (1818), 228 

(P. edentula). 
Planirostra Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 83 (P. edentula). 
Proceros Rafinesque, loc. cit., 87 (P viacxdatus). 

187. Polyodon spathula (Walbaum). Paddlcfish; Spoonbill cat; Duckbill 

cat; Spadefish. 
Mississippi Valley and south in the larger streams, reaching a weight 

of 173 pounds; rare in Lake Erie. 
Squalus spathula Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 522; after Spathula 

Rosier, Jour. Phys., 1774, 384, pi. 2; no locality given, 
Polyodon feuille Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., I, 1798, 402, locality 

unknown. 
Polyodon folium Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 457; after 

Lacepede. 
Spatidaria reticulata Shaw, Gen. Zool., V, 1804, 362, after Lacepede. 
Platirostra edentula LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 

227, Ohio River. 
Acipenser lagenarius Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 86, Ohio River. 
Proceros macidatus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 87, Mississippi River at St. 

Genevieve, Mo. 
Proceros vittatus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 1820, 86, 87, Lake Ontario. 

Order I. HOLOSTEI 

Suborder GINGLYMODI 

Family 35. IEPISOSTEID.ffi. Gar pikes 

Genus 83. LEPISOSTEUS Lacepede. Gar pikes. 

Lepisosteus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 331 (L. gavialis 

Lac6pede = £soj osseus Linnaeus). 
Sarchirus Rafinesque, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 419 (S. 

vittatus Rafinesque). 
Lepidosteus Agassiz; corrected spelling. 

188. Lepisosteus osseus (Linnajus). Long-nosed gar; Billfish; Common gar 

pike; Ohio gar; Ohio garfish; Billy gar. 
Maryland to Florida and Louisiana, in coastwise streams; also (huro- 

nensis) Great Lakes and the Mississippi Valley; the most abundant 

of the gars. 
Esox osseus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 313, after Artedi; based 

on Acus maxima squamosa viridis, the green gar fish of Catesby, 

1738, pi. 30, Virginia. 
Lepisosteus gavialis Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 333, "lakes 

and rivers of both Indies." 
Lepisosteus longirostris Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 74, Mus- 
kingum River, Ohio; head. 
Macrognalhus loricatus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 148, after Linnaeus. 
Lepidosteus crassus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 

Bombay Hook, Delaware River. 
Lepidosteus louisianensis Dumdril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1870, 343, New 

Orleans. 
Lepisosteus huronensis Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 237, 

Penitanguishene, Lake Huron. 
ISarchirus vittatus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 69, Ohio River; young; not 

identifiable. 
tSarchirus argenteus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 86, Ohio River; young; 

not identifiable. 
Lepidosteus semiradiatus Agassiz, Poiss. Fossiles, II, 1836, 2, pi. 2. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 37 

Lejrisosteus bison DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 271, Buffalo, 

N. Y. 
Lepisosteus lineatus Thompson, Hist. Vermont, 1842, 145, Lake 

Champlain. 
Lepidosteus lepiorhynchus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, pt. 4, Fishes, 

1858, 351, Devil River, Tex. 
Lepidosteus otarius Cope, Proe. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 

86 "Platte River near Fort Riley"; but Fort Riley was on the 

Kansas River. 
Lepidosteus milberti Dumeril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1870, 323 and 328, 

New York. 
Lepidosteus harlani Dumeril, loc. cit., 323 and 329, Wabash River. 
Lepidosteus smitlii Dumeril, loc. cit., 323 and 330, upper Mississippi. 
Lepidosteus ayresi Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 331, Wabash River. 
Lepidosteus copei Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 332, northern North America. 
Lepidosteus lesueu)-ii Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 335, Wabash River. 
Lepidosteus elizaheth Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 336, no locality. 
Lepidosteus troosti Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 339, United States. 
Lepidosteus piquotianus Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 340, Lake Erie. 
Lepidosteus thompsoni Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 342, Upper Mississippi. 
Lepidosteus lamarii Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 337, northern North America. 
1 Lepidosteus clintonii Dumdril, loc. cit., 323, 338, no locality. 
Lepidosteus horatii Dumeril, loc. cit., 323, 341, northern North America. 

Genus 84. CYLINDROSTEUS Rafinesque. Short-nosed gars. 

Cylindrosteus Rafinesque, Ichtli. Ohiensis, 1820, 72 {Lepisosteus pla- 
tostomus Rafinesque). 

189. Cylindrosteus platostomus (Rafinesque). 

Mississippi Valley and Great Lakes; common. 

Lepisosteus platostomus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 72, Ohio 

River.'* 
Lepisosteus oxyurus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 73, Ohio River. 
Lepisosteus albus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 73, Ohio River. 
Lepidosteus grayi, Agassiz, Poiss. Fossiles, II, 1836, 2, Loui.siana. 
Lepisosteus (Cylindrosteus) oculaiiis WinchcU, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., XVI, 1864, 183, Huron River, Mich. 
Cylindrosteus zadockii Dumeril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1870, 348, 353, 

Upper Mississippi. 
Cylindrosteus rafincsquii Dum(^'ril, loc. cit., 348, 352, United States. 

190. Cylindrosteus scabriceps Fowler. 

Lower Missouri River. 

Cylindrosteus scabriceps Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXII, 

1910, 607, PI. XXXVIII. figs. 8, 9, Leavenworth, Kans.; a doubtful 

species. 

191. Cylindrosteus agassizii Dumeril. 

Missouri Basin. 

Cylindrosteus agassizii Dum6ril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1870, 351, St. 

Louis. 
Cylindrosteus produclus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 

86, San Antonio, Tex. 

192. Cylindrosteus castelnaudii Dumeril. 

Florida and I^)uisiana. 

Cylindrosteus castelnaudii Dumeril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1870, 355, Lake 

Lafayette, Florida. 
Cylindrosteus bartoni Dumdril, loc. cit,, 356, New Orleans. 
Lepidosteus latiroslris Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, pi. 4, Fishes, 1858, 

352, Rio Pecos, Tex. 

^93. Cylindrosteus megalops Fowler. 
P'lorida. 

Cylindrosteus megalops Fowler, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXII, 
1910, 609, PI. XXXVIII, figs. 15,16, Bayport, Fla.; a doubtful species. 



" Many other tributary streams mentioned. 



38 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 85. ATRACTOSTEUS Rafinesque. Alligator gars. 

Litholepis Rafinesque, Amcr. Month. Mag., Ill, 1S18, 447 (L. adam' 

antinus Rafinesque), based oa a fancy painting by Audubon of an 

imaginary fish. 
Atradosteus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 72 {Lepisosteus ferox 

Rafinesque). 

194. Atractosteus spatula (Lacepede). Mississippi alligator gar. 

Lower Mississippi Valley in the larger streams, reaching a length of 5 

feet or more. 
Lepisosteus spatula Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 333, no locality. 
Lepisosteus {Atradosteus) ferox Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 73. 

Ohio River. 
Lepidosteus (Atradosteus) herlandieri Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, pt. 4, 

Fishes, 1858, 353, Tamaulipas. 
Atradosteus lucius Dumeril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1870, 364, Tampico, 

Mexico. 

195. Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch and Schneider). Cuban alligator gar; 

Matijuari. 
Rivers of Cuba. 
Esox tristoechus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 395, Cuba, 

after Manjuari of Para. 
Lepidosteus manjuari Poey, Memorias, I, 1860, 273, Cuba. 

196. Atractosteus tropicus Gill. 

Central America; Nicaragua. 

Atractosteus tropicus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 172, 
streams near Panama. 

Order M. HALECOMORPHI 

Family 36 AMIID^. Bowfins 

Genus 86. AMIA Linnseus. 

Amia LinniBUs, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 500 (A. calva); not of Gronow, 

1763, which is a nonbinomial name for Apogon. 
Amiatus Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 88 {A. calva); substitute for 

Aynia regarded as too short for symmetry. 

197. Amia calva Linnaeus. Bowfin; John A. Grindle; Mudfish; Laivyer; Poisson 

de marais; Choupiquel (Louisiana). 
Great Lakes, Mississippi Valley to Virginia, Florida, and Texas, in 

lakes and sluggish streams. 
Amia calva Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 500, Charleston, S. C. 
Atnia ocellicauda Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 236, Lake 

Huron, male. 
Amia occidentalis DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 269, St. 

Marys River, Mich. 
Amia marmorata Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 412, New Orleans. 
Amia ornata LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 420, Chi- 

bault, Mississippi River. 
Amia viridis LeSueur, loc. cit., 421, New Orleans. 
Amia canina Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 424, Lake Erie; after 

Kirtland. 
Amia lentiginosa Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 426; after Bonna- 

terre; no locality. 
Amia suhcsendea Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 427, New Orleans. 
Amia cinerea Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 430, Charleston, S. C. 
Amia reticulata LeSueur, loc. cit., 431, Wabash River. ^ 

Amia thompsoni Dumeril, loc. cit., II, 1870, 419, Lake Champlain. 
Amia piquotii Dumeril, loc. cit., 1870, 423. upper Mississippi. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 39 

Superorder TELEOSTEI. Bony fishes 

Order N. ISOSPONDYLI (Physostomi ; Malacopterigii). Soft-rayed 

fishes 

Suborder ELOPOIDEA 

Family 37. ELOPIDiE. Tenpounders 

Genus 87. ELOPS Linnaeus. 

Elops Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 518 {E. saurus). 

Mugilomorus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 398 (M. anna- 
car olina). 

Trichonotus Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 88 (Mugilomorus anna- 
carolina); substitute for Mugilomorus, considered objectionable. 

198. Elops saurus Linnaeus. Tenpounder; John Mariggle; Bonyfish; Bonefish; 

Big-eyed herring; Malajuelo real; Lisa francesa. 
Tropical Atlantic; West Indies, north to Long Island; common. 
Elops saurus Linneeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1760, 518, Carolinas. 
Argentina Carolina Linnteus, loc. cit., 519, Carolinas. 
Mugilomorus anna-carolina Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 398, 

South Carolina. 
Elops inermis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 445, New 

York. 

199. Elops hawaiensis Regan. Awa. 

Hawaii and Pacific coast of Mexico north to Gulf of California; Hawaii. 
Elops haivaiensis Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 9th .ser.. Ill, 1909, 
39, Hawaii. 

Family 38. MEGAL0PID.5:. Tarpons 

Genus 88. TARPON Jordan and Evermann. Grande fcaille. 

Tnr/iDii .lordan and EviTniaiui, Fishes North and Mid. Amcr., 1896, 409 
(Mcgalops (illanticus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

200. Tarpon atlanticus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Tarpon; Tarpum; 

Grande ecaille; Silrerfish; Sahalo; Savnnilla. 
Long Island to Brazil; abundant off Florida, breeding in the West 

Indies. 
Megalops atlanticus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 398, Guadeloupe; San Domingo; Martinique; Porto Rico. 
Megalops elongatus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858, 224, 

Long Island. 

Suborder AIBULOIDEI 

Family 39. ALBTJLID.a;. Ladyfishes 

Genus 89. AIBULA (Gronow) Bloch and Schneider. Ladyfishes. 
Conorhynrhus Nozenian, Act. Select., Ill, 1757, 3S2; non-binomial. 
Alhula Gronow, Zoophyl., 1763, 102; non-binomial. 
Albula Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 432 {A. conorhynchus = 

Esox vulpes L.). 
Bulyrinus Lacepdde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 45 (B. banana = Esox 

vulpes L.). 
Glossodus Cuvier, in Agassiz, Spi.x, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 48 (A. forskdli= 

Esox vulpes L.). 

201. Albula vulpes (Linna?u.s). Ladyfish; Bonefish; Macabi; Sanducha; 

Banana fish. 

Tropical .';eas, ranging northward to San Diego; Long Island and .south- 
ern Japan; perhaps more than one species included. 

Unbarana Marcgrave, Hist. Brazil, 1648, Brazil. 

Vulpes bahamcnsis Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolinas, etc., 1737, PI. II, 
fig. 1, Bahamas; non-binomial. 

Esox vulpes Linnaius, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 313, Bahamas; based on 
the bonefish, Vulpes bahamenais of Catesby. 



40 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Argentina glossodonta Forsk&l, Descr. Anim., 1775, 68, Djidda, Arabia. 
Macabi Parra, Diff. Piezas Cuba, 1787, 88, pi. 35, fig. 1, Cuba; based 

on Unbarana of Marcgrave. 
Synodus argenteus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 398, Asia. 
Clupea brasiliensis Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., 427, Brazil. 
Albula conorhynchus Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., 432, Antilles; 

after Gronow and Plumier; called Albula plumieri on plate 86. 
Amia immaculata Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., Central America; 

after Macabi of Parra. 
Butyrinus banana Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 46, He de France. 
Clupea macrocephala Lacepede, loc. cit., 426, Martinique; on a drawing 

by Plumier. 
Glossodus forskdli Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 49, Bahia; called 

Engraulis sexicus and Engraulis bahiensis on plates 22 and 24. 
Albula parras Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 1846, 

339, Martinique; Bahia; Rio de Janeiro. 
Albula goreensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 342, Gorea. 
Albula neoguinaica Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 350, New Guinea. 
Albula seminuda Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 351, New Guinea. 
Albula erythrocheilus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 352, Friendly 

Islands. 
Albula for steri Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 354, Tahiti. 
Albula rostrata Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 189, American Ocean. 

Genus 90. DIXONINA Fowler. 

Dixonina Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXII, 1910, 651 (D. 
nemoptera Fowler). 

202. Dixonina nemoptera Fowler. 

San Domingo, West Indies. 

Dixonina nemoptera Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXII, 1910, 
652, San Domingo. 

Suborder CLUPEOIDEI 

Family 40. CHANID^. Milkfishes 

Genus 91. CHANOS Lacepede. 

Chanos Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 395 (C. arabicus). 
Lutodeira Van Hasselt, in Riippell, Atlas Reise Nord Africa, 1828, 17 

(L. indica Riippell = Afn(7i7 chanos L.) 
Ptycholepis Gray, in Dieffenbach's Travels in New Zealand, II, about 
1842, 218 (Mugil salmoneus Forster). 

203. Chanos cyprinella Cuvier and Valenciennes. Milkfish; tiabalo; Awa; 

Chant; Anged. 
Gulf of California to Panama and Hawaii; replaced in the western 

Pacific by Chanos chanos ForskA,!. 
Chanos cyprinella Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 194, 198, Hawaiian Islands. 

, Family 41. HIODONTIDiE. Mooneyes 

Genus 92. HIODON LeSueur. Mooneyes. 

Hiodon LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 334 (//. tergisus 

LeSueur). 
Glossodon Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, September, 1818, 354 

{G. harengoides) . 
Hyodon, corrected orthography. 

204. Hiodon tergisus LeSueur. Mooneye; Toothed herring. 

Great Lakes and Mississippi Valley, north to Assiniboine River. 
Hiodon tergisus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 364, 

Ohio River. 
Glossodon harengoides Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, September, 

1818, 354, Ohio River. 
Glossodon heterurus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 354, Falls of Ohio River. 
Hiodon clodalis LeSueur, loc. cit., Ohio River at Pittsburgh. 
Hyodon vernalis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 42, Ohio River. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 41 

205. Hlodon selenops Jordan and Bean. Southern mooneye; Southern toothed 

herring. 
Tennessee, Cumberland, and Alabama Rivers. 
Hyodon selenops Jordan and Bean, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 67, 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Genus 93. AMPHIODON Rafinesque. Goldcijes. 

Amphiodon Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., Paris, 1819, 421, Ohio River {A. 

alosoidcs; misprinted alveoides). 
Elattonistius Gill and Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 68 {Hyodon 

chrysopsis I{ichardson = Amphiodon alosoides Rafinesque). 

206. Amphiodon alosoides Rafinesque. Goldeye; La Quesche; Naccaysh. 

Ohio River and north to Saskatchewan; abundant and much valued in 

Manitoba. 
Amphiodon alosoides (misprinted alveoides) Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., 

Paris, 1819, 421, Ohio River. 
Hyodon amphiodon Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 42, Ohio River 

near the falls. 
Hyodon chrysopsis Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 232, 

Cumberland House, Saskatchewan River. 
Cyprinus (Abramis?) smithii Richardson, loc. cit., 110, Richelieu River. 

Family 42. CLVPEIDM. Herrings 

Genus 94. CLUPEA Linnaeus. Herrings. 

Clupea Linn.Tus, Syst. Xat., ed. X, 1758, 317 (C harcngus L.). 
Rogenia Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 340 
(/?. alba, "the whitebait," the young of harcngus). 

207. Clupea harengus Linnaeus. Common herring. 

North Atlantic Ocean, soutii on our coast to Sandy Hook; Ma.'^sachu- 

setts; New Hampshire. 
Clupea harengus Linnjeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 317, seas of Europe. 
Clupea membras Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso. -Asiat., Ill, 1811, 211, Baltic Sea. 
Clupea halec Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 451, New 

York. 
Clupea vittata Mitchill, loc. cit., 456, New York. 
Clupea arrulea Mitchill, loc. cit., 457, New York. 
Clupea elongata LeSueur, Jour. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 234, 

Massachusetts. 
Clupea leachi Yarrell, Zool. Jour., V, 1829, 277, pi. 12, F:ngland. 
Clupea minima Peck, in Storer, Rept. Fish. Ma.ss., 1839, 113, New 

Hampshire. 
Clupea lineolala Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 

256, locality unknown. 
Rogenia nlbn Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 340, Eiiplaiid; the 

young form known as whitebait. 

208. Clupea pallasii Cuvier and Valenciennes. California herring. 

Pacific coast, from Kamchatka to San Diego. 

Clupea harcngus var. Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso. -.\siat., Ill, 1811, 209, 

Kamchatka. 
Clupea pnllasii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 

253, Kamchatka; based on Pallas's specimens. 
Clupea mirabilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 138, 

San Francisco. 
Sprntelloides bryoporus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1873, 25, 

Sitka; young. 

Genus 95. POMOLOBUS Rafinesque. Alewives. 

Pomolobus Hafiiicsf|u(', Iclith. Ohiensis, 38, 1820 {P. chrysochlorin 

Rafinesque). 
Alausella Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 36 {Clupea 
parvuln Mitchill = C/upea mediocris Mitchill). 

Subgenus ALAUSELLA Gill. 



42 us. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

209. Pomolobus pseudoharengus (Wilson). Alewife; Branch herring; Gas- 

pereau; Wall-eyed herring; Big-eyed herring; Sawbelly; Ellivije; Bang. 
Atlantic coast of the United States; Lake Ontario and landlocked in 

the "Finger Lakes" of New York. 
Clupea pseudoharengus Wilson, in Rees's Encycl., IX, about 1811, 

probably Philadelphia. 
Clupea vernalis Mitchill, Rept. Fish. N. Y., 1814, 22, and Trans., Lit. 

Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 454, New York. 
Clupea megalops Ilafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 206, Delaware 

River. 
Melctta venosa Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 

374, New York. 

Pomolobus pseudoharengus lacustris Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. I, 1876, 
265, Cayuga Lake, New York; specimens landlocked. 

210. Pomolobus mediocris (Mitchill). Hickory shad; Hickory jack; Fall 

herring; Tailor herring; Mattowacca. 

Atlantic coast of United States from Maine to Florida. 

Clupea mediocris Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 450, 
New York. 

Clupea mattoivacca Mitchill, loo. cit., 451, pi. 5, fig. 8, New York. 

? Clupea parvula Mitchill, loc. cit., 452, New York. 

? Clupea pusilla Mitchill, loc. cit., 452, New York. 

Chipea fasciata LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 233, 
Massachusetts. 

Clupea virescens DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 242, New 
York. 

Alosa lineata Storer, Proc, Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1847, 242, Massa- 
chusetts. 

211. Pomolobus aestivalis (Mitchill). Glut herring; Blueback; Black-belly; 

Summer herring; Kyack; Sawbelly. 
Atlantic coa-st. 
Clupea seslivalis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 456, 

New York. 
Alosa cyanonolon Storer, Hist. Fish. Mass., 1867, 161, Provincetown, 

Mass. 
Subgenus POMOLOBUS Rafinesque. 

212. Pomolobus chrysochloris Rafinesque. Skipjack; Blue herring; Nailrod. 

Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi Valley; ascending streams, and intro- 
duced through the canals into Lake Erie and Lake Michigan. 

Pomolobus chrysochloris Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 38, Ohio 
River. 

Meletta sueurii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 

375, Wabash River. 

Genus 96. ALOSA Linck. Shad. 

Alosa Linck, Mag. Neuestes Phys. Naturgesch., 1790, 35 (scarcely 

defined; type not specified; Clupea alosa L. = Alosa Cuvier). 
Alosa Cuvier, R6gne Anim., ed. II, 1829, 319 (Clupea alosa L.). 
Alausa Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 389 
(Clupea alosa L.). 

213. Alosa sapidissima (Wilson). Common shad; American shad; North 

River shad; Potomac shad; Connecticut River shad. 
Atlantic coast of United States, from Miramachi River to Florida; 

from Monterey northward on the Pacific coast, as an introduced 

species. . 

Clupea sapidissima Wilson, in Rees's New Cyclopedia, IXg., neither 

pagination nor date, but prior to 1812; no locality, but probably 

Philadelphia. 
Clupea indigena Mitchill, Trans. Lit Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 454, 

New York. 
Alosa praestabilis DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 255, pi. 15, 

fig. 4, New York. 

214. Alosa ohiensis Evermann. Ohio shad. 

Mississippi River basin; Ohio River. 

Alosa ohiensis Evermann, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXVII, 1901 (1902), 
277, tig. 2, Ohio River at the falls. 



' CHECK LIST OF FISHES 43 

215. Alosa alabamse Jordan and Evermann. Alabama shad. 

Gulf coast of United States; ascending streams. 

Alosa alahamx Jordan and Evermann, Rept, U. S. Fish Com., XXI, 
1895 (1896), 203, Black Warrior River, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

Genus 97. SARDINIA Poey. True sardines, 

Sardinia Poej', Memorias, II, 1861, 311 (<S. pseudohispanica Poey; not 

of Jordan and Evermann, which is Sardinella anchovia Cuvier and 

Valenciennes). 
Sardina Antipa, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, LXVIII, 1905 {Clupea 

pilchardus L.). 

216. Sardinia caerulea (Girard). California sardine. 

Pacific coast, from Puget Sound to Magdalena Bay; very abundant. 
Meletta casrulea Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 138, 

San Francisco. 
Alausa californica Gill, loc. cit., XIV, 1862, 281, California. 

217. Sardinia anchovia (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Sardinia de Espafia. 

West Indies, north to Cuba. 

Sardinella anchovia Cuvier and Valenciennea, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 

1847, 269, Rio Janeiro; Martinique. 
Sardina '* pseudohispanica Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 311, Cuba. 

Genus 98. SARDINELLA Cuvier and Valenciennes. Smooth-headed sar- 
dines. 
Sardinella Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 261, 
{S. aurita Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

218. Sardinella aurita Cuvier and Valenciennes. Smooth sardine; Sardina 

de Espaha. 
Woods Hole to Florida; recorded from France; usually in rather deep 

water. 
Sardinella aurita Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 

1847, 261, coast of France. 

Genus 99. HARENGULA Cuvier and Valenciennes. Scaled sardines. 

Harengula Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 280 
(//. latula Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

219. Harengula sardina Poey. Sardina de Ley. 

West Indian fauna, north to Key West. 
Harengula sardina Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 310, Cuba. 
Harengula callolepis Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 152, 
Bermuda. 

220. Harengula macropthalmus (Ranzani). Sardina Escamuda; White-bill; 

Finceo. 
West Indies, Florida to Brazil. 
Clupea macropthalma Ranzani, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Bonon., V, 1842, 

320, Brazil. 
Harengula humeralis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 

1847, 293, Rio Janeiro; Bahia; Guadeloupe; San Domingo. 
Alausa striata Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit; XX, 1847, 429, 

Guadeloupe; Bahia. 
Alosa bishopi Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk, Hist. Barbados, 

1848, 675, Barbados. 

221. Harengula clupeola Cuvier and Valenciennes. Cailleu. 

West Indies. 

Harengula clupeola Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 
1847, 289, Guadeloupe Island, West Indies. 

222. Harengula maculosa Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

West Indies. 

Harengula maculosa Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 

1847. 292, Martinique. 

Alosa apicdlis Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk, Hist. Barbados, 

1848, 675, Barbados. 

" Recent pxaniination of Pocy's type by Alvin Ponlc shows that this flsh Is a Sardinia apparently iden- 
tjcal with Clupea anchocia Cuvier and Valenciennes, not the Sardinella pseudohixpanica of Jordan and 
£rermano, which apparently is the same as Sardinelia aurita Cuvier aod VaJenciennes. 



44 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

223. Harengula pensacolae Goode and Bean. 

Florida. 

Harengula pensacolsp Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879. 
152, Pensacola, Fla. 

224. Harengula thrissina (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Clupea thrissina Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
353, Cape San Lucas. 

Genus 100. LILE Jordan and Evermann. 

Lilc Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 431 
{Clupea stolifera Jordan and Gilbert). 

225. Lile stolifera (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Gulf of California to Panama; Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Clupea .stolifera Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
339, Mazatlan. 

Genus 101. OPISTHONEMA Gill. Thread herring. 

Opisthonema Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 37 {Clupea 
thrissa Broussonet = Megalops oglina LeSueur); not of Osbeck. 

226. Opisthonema oglinum (LeSueur). Thread herring; Macliuelo; Cailleu 

tassai't; Sprat. 
West Indies, ranffing regularly north to Florida and Carolina; Longport, 

N. J.; Newport, R. I.; Fortress Monroe. 
Clupea thrissa Broussonet, Ichthyologie, fasc. I, 1782, Carolina; Jamaica; 

not of Osbeck, 1757, which is a Chinese species of Clupanodon,. 
Megalops oglina LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 359, 

Newport, R. I. 
Megalops notata LeSueur, loc. cit., 359, Guadeloupe. 
Chatoessus signifer DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 264, New York. 
Chatocssus eumorphus Gosse, Naturalist's Sojourn in Jamaica, 1851, 

290, Jamaica. 

227. Opisthonema libertate (Giinther). Sardina machete. 

Pacific coast of Mexico and Central America. 

Meletta libertate Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1866, 603, Libertad, 
Central America. 

Genus 102. BREVOORTIA Gill. Menhadens. 

Brevoortia Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 37 {Alosa 
menhaden Storer = Clupea iyrannus Latrobe). 

228. Brevoortia tyrannus (Latrobe). Menhaden; Mosshunker; Bonyfish; 

White fish; Bug fish; Fatback; Pogy. 
Nova Scotia to West Indies; abundant. 
Clupea tijrannus Latrobe, Trans. Amer. P!iil. Soc. Phila., V, 1802, 77, 

pi. 1, Chesapeake Bav. 
Clupea menhaden Mitohill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 453, 

New York. 
Clupea neglecia Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 206, Long Island. 
Clupea carolinensis Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 140, South Carolina. 

229. Brevoortia tyrannus brevicaudata Goode. Short-tailed menhaden. 

South Atlantic north to Connecticut. 

Brevoortia tyrannus brevicaudata Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 
34, Noank, Conn. 

230. Brevoortia patronus Goode. Gulf menhaden. 

Gulf of Mexico; coast of Te.xas. 

Brevoortia patronus Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 39, Brazos 
Santiago, Tex. 

Genus 103. ILISHA Gray. 

Platygaster Swainson, Class. Anim., II, 1839, 294 {Clupea africana 

Bioch); name preoccupied. 
Ilisha Gray, in Richardson, Ichthy. China, in Proc. Brit. Assoc, 1845 

(1846), .306 (7. abnormis); no description. 
Pellona Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 1847, 300 

(P. orbijnyana = Prisligaster flavipinnis Valenciennes). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 45 

231. Hisha caribbsea Meek and Hildebrand. 

Caribbean Sea. 

Ilisha carihhsea Meek and Hildebrand, Marine Fishes of Panama, Pt. 1, 

Field Mus. Nat. Hist., ZooL, XV, Dec. 20, 1923, 191, PI. X, fig. 1, 

Porto Bello, Panama. 

Genus 104. CHIROCENTRODON Gunther. 

Chirocentrodon Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 463 (C. taeniatus Gunther). 
Medipellona Jordan and Seale, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., LXVII, No. 11, 
May, 1926, 417 (Pellona bleekeriana Poey). 

232. Chirocentrodon taeniatus Gunther. 

Jamaica. 

Chirocentrodon taeniatus Giintlier, Cat., VII, 1868, 463, Jamaica. 

233. Chirocentrodon bleekeriana (Poey). Anchoa pelada. 

Matanzas, Cuba. 

Pellona bleekeriana Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 242, Matanzas, Cuba. 

Genus 105. OPISTHOPTERUS Gill. 

Opisthopterus Gill. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1861, 38 {Pristi- 
gader tartoon Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

234. Opisthopterus dovii (Giinther). 

Panama. 

Pristigaster dovii Gunther, Cat., VII, 1861, 461. Panama. 

235. Opisthopterus macrops (Giinther). 

Panama. 

Pristigaster macrops Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1866, 603, Panama. 

Genus 106. PLIOSTEOSTOMA No-man. 

Pliosteostoma Norman, .\nn. Mag. Nat. Hist., XI, 1923, 21 (Pristi- 
gaster hitipinnis Jordan and Gilbert). 

236. Pliosteostoma lutipinnis (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of ^Ioxico. 

Pristigaster lutipinnis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 340, Mazatlan. Mexico. 

Genus 107. ODONTOGNATHUS Lacepede. 

Odontognathus Lacrpe.lc, Hist. Nat. Puiss., II, 1799,221 (0. mucronalus). 
Gnathobolus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 556 (Odonlognathus 
mucronatus Lac6p6de.). 

237. Odontognathus mucronatus Lac^pdde. 

Coast of Guiana. 

Odontognalhns mucronatus Lac^pfede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1799, 221, pi. 
7, fig. 2, Cayenne. 

238. Odontognathus panamensis (Steindachner). 

Panama. 

Pristigaster (Odontognathus) panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., 
V, 1876, 24, Panama. 

Genus 108. PRISTIGASTER Cuvier. 

Pristigaster Cuvier, Rctjiic .\iiim., ed. I, 1817, 176 (type not named; 
later fixed as P. cayanus Cuvier). 

239. Pristigaster cayanus Cuvier. 

Coast of Guiana and northern Brazil. 

Pristigaster cayanus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. I, 1817, pi. 10, fig. 3, 

Cayenne. 
Pristigaster martii Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 55, Brazil. 
Pristigaster phaeton Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XX, 

1847, 338, mouth of Amazon. 

Family 43. DUSSUMIERIID.5:. Round herrings 

Genus 109. JENKINSIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Jenkinsia Jordan and EverniuMii, P^islies North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
418 (Dussnmieria stolifera Jordan and Gilbert). 

6424°— 29 4 



46 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

240. Jenkinsia stolifera (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Yucatan. 

Dussumieria stolifera Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 
1884, 25, Key West, Fla. 

241. Jenkinsia lamprotsenia (Gosse). 

Jamaica. 

Clupea lamprotsenia Gosse, Naturalist's Sojourn in Jamaica, 1851, 291, 
pi. 1, fig. 2, Jamaica. 

Genus 110. HALECULA Jordan. 

Halecula Jordan, Fossil Fishes of the Calif. Miocene, VIII, 1925, 
(Etrumeus acuminatus Gilbert). 

242. Halecula acurainata (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Etrumeus acuminatus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XTII, 1890, 56, 
Gulf of California at Albatross station 3012 in 22 fathoms. 

Genus 111. ETRUMEUS Bleeker. 

Etrumeus Bleeker, Verh. Bat. Gen. Japan, XXV, 1853, 58, (Clupea 

micropus Temminck, and Schlegel, a Japanese species). 
Perkinsia Rosa Smith Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., XXV, 1891, 153 (P. 

othonops R. S. Eigenmann). 

243. Etrumeus sadina (Mitchill). Round herring. 

Cape Cod to Gulf of Mexico. 

Clupea sadina Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 457, 

New York. 
Alosa teres DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 262, New York. 

244. Etrumeus micropus Temminck and Schlegel. 

Coast of Japan; Hawaii; found once off Point Loma in California. 
Etrumeus micropus Temminck and Schlegel, Fauna Japonica, Poiss., 

1850, 236, pi. 107, fig. 2, Japan. 
Perkinsia othonops Rosa Smith Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., XXV, 1891, 

153, Point Loma, San Diego, Calif. 

Family 44. DOROSOMIDiE. Gizzard shad 

Genus 112. DOROSOMA Rafinesque. Gizzard shads. 

Dorosoma Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 39 {D. notata Rafinesque). 
Chatocssus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 320; in part (includes 

Opisthonema, etc.; restricted by Cuvier and Valenciennes to Megalopa 

cepediana LeSueur). 

246. Dorosoma cepedianum (LeSueur). Gizzard shad; Hickory shad. 

Cape Cod to Texas, entering all streams and variously landlocked. 
Megalops cepediana LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 

Delaware and Chesapeake Bays. 
Clupea heterura Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 354, Ohio River. 
Dorosoma notata Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 39, Ohio River. 
Chatocssus ellipticus Kirtland, Rep. Zool. Ohio, 1839, 169, Ohio River. 
Dorosoma insociabilis Abbot, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 
365, Sturgeon Pond, Trenton, N. J. 

246. Dorosoma cepedianum exile Jordan and Gilbert. 

Streams of Texas. 

Dorosoma cepedianum exile Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
V, 1882, 585, Galveston, Tex. 

Genus 113. SIGN ALOSA Evermann and Kendall. 

Signalosa Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 1897 
(Feb. 9, 1898), 127 {S. ntchafalayie Evermann and Kendall). 

247. Signalosa atchafalayae Evermann and Kendall. 

Coast of Louisiana and southward. 

? Chatocssus mexicanus Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 409, Mexico. 

Signalosa atchafalayse Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 

XVII, 1897 (Feb. 9, 1898), 127, pi. 7, fig. 4, Atchafalaya River, 

Melville, La. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 47 

248. Signalosa atchafalayae vanhyningi Weed. 

Near Gainesville, Fla. 

Signalosa atchafalayx vanhyningi Weed, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XII, October, 192.5, 145, Prairie Creok 8 miles southeast of Gaines- 
ville, Fla. 

249. Signalosa mexicana (Giinther). 

New Orleans to Central America. 

Chatocssns mexicanus Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 409, Mexico. 

250. Signalosa mexicana campi Weed. 

Streams about Brownsville, Tex. 

Signalosa mexicana campi Weed, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XII, 
October, 1925, 14.3, Resaca de la Guerra, near Brownsville, Tex. 

251. Signalosa petenensis (Giinther). 

Lake Peten. 

Meletta petenensis Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soe. Lond., 1866, 603, Lake Peten, 
Yucatan. 

Family 45. ENGRAULID.a;. Anchovies 

Genus 114. ENGRAULIS Cuvier. Anchovies. 

Engraulis Cuvier, Regno Anim., ed. I, 1817, 174 (Clupea encrasicho- 

his L.). 
Encrasicholus Fleming, Brit. Anim., 1828, 183 {Clupea encrasicholus L.). 

252. Engraulis mordax Girard. California anchovy. 

Pacific coast of America, from Vancouver Island to Lower California. 
Engraulis mordax Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 138, 

and in Pac. R. R. Surv., X, pt. 4, Fishes, 1858, 334, Shoalwater Bay, 

Wash. 

253. Engraulis nanus Girard. Bay anchovy. „ 

San Francisco Bay; not known elsewhere. ^P 

Engraulis nanus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, pt. 4, Fishes, 1858, 335, 
San Francisco. 

Genus 115. ANCHOVIELLA-" Fowler. American anchovies. 

Anchoviclla Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIII, 1911, 211 

{Engraulis perfasciatus Poey). 
Anchna .Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 4th Ser., XV, 
.\pril 27, 1027, 502 {Engraulis compressus Girard). 

Subgenus ANCHOVIELLA Fowler. 

254. Anchoviella perfasciata (Poey). Grubber broadhead. 

Florida Keys to Jamaica. 

Engraulis perfasciatus Poey, Mcmorias, II, 1861, 313, Cuba. 

255. Anchoviella miarchus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of America, from Mazatlan to Panama. 
Slolephorus miarchus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 344, Mazatlan; perhaps a larval form. 

256. Anchoviella exigua (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of Mexico at Mazatlan. 

Slolephorus exiguus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 

1881, 343, Mazatlan. 

257. Anchoviella perthecata (Goode and Bean). 

Pensacola, Fla. 

Slolephorus perthecatus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1882, 434, Pensacola, Fla. 

» Anchoviella differs from Stohphorus Lac^pcdc and related Old World gfttirra in the entire absence 
of ventral scales. The many species cover a variety of forms; ro.Hralis and .ipinifcr with its relative%being 
perhaps generically distinct from peTfanciatm, epsetas, and related forms, having many more gillrakcrs; 
these latter species constitute the subgenus Anchova, the others the subgenus Anchoviella Fowler. 



48 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

258. Anchoviella epsetus (Bonnaterre). Striped anchovy; Manjua; Anchovy 

fry. 
Cape Cod to Brazil. 

Piqiiitinga Marcgrave, Hist. Brasil., 1648, 159, Brazil. 
Menidia Browne, Hist. Jamaica, 1756, 441, Jamaica; nonbinomial. 
Esox epsetus Bonnaterre, Tabl. Ichth., 1788, 175, Jamaica; after Browne. 
Atherina brownii Gmelin, S.vst. Nat., 1789, 1397, Jamaica; after Browne. 
Engraulis tricolor Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 51, Bahia, Par.4. 
Engraulis lemniscatus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed, 2, II, 1829, 323, Brazil; 

after Piquitinga of Marcgrave. 
Stolephorus hiidcus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 

343, Clearwater Harbor, Fla.; depth 5}4; A, 22. 

259 Anchoviella cubana (Poey). Bocon. 
Cuba and Porto Rico. 
Engraulis cubanus Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 420, Cuba. 

260. Anchoviella ischana (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of America, from Mazatlan to Panama. 

Stolephorus ischanus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 

1881, 340, Mazatlan. 
Stolephorus starksi Gilbert and Pierson, Fishes of Panama, in Jordan 

and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2813, Panama. 

261. Anchoviella cultrata (Gilbert). 

Santa Margarita Island, Lower California. 

Stolephorus cultratus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 544, 
Santa Margarita Island, Lower California. 

262. Anchoviella delicatissima (Girard). 

San Diego Bay and southward on coast of Lower California. 
Engraulis delicatissimus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 154, and Pac. R. R. Surv., X, Pt. 4, Fishes, 1858, 335, San 

Diego. 

263. Anchoviella helleri Hubbs. 

Gulf of California. 

Anchoviella helleri Hubbs, Proc. Biol. Soc, Wash., XXXIV, Mar. 31, 
1921, 47, San Felipe Bay, gulf coast of Lower California. 

264. Anchoviella choerostoma (Goode). Hogmouth fry. 

Bermuda Islands; common in Hamilton Harbor. 

Engraulis chmrosto)nus Goode, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, August, 1874, 
125, Bermuda. 

265. Anchoviella argyrophana (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Gulf Stream; Woods Hole, Mass. 

Engraulis argyrophanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XXI, 1848, 49, equatorial Atlantic. 
Stolephorus eury stole Swain and Meek, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XXXVI, 1884, 34. Woods Hole, Mass. 

266. Anchoviella curta (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Stolephorus curtus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. V. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
343, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

287. Anchoviella mitchilli (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Cape Cod to Texas on sandy shores, entering rivers; common. 
Engraulis mitchilli Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 

1848, 50, New York; Carolina; Lake Ponchartrain. 
Engraulus louisiana LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 

Poiss., XXI, 1848, 51, Lake Ponchartrain, La. 
Engraulis duodecim Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, 1866, 405, Beasley's 

Point, N. J. (dorsal fin said to be entirely anterior to the long and 
m deeply concave anal, which is not true in S. mitchilli; the description 

otherwise agrees). 

268. Anchoviella lucida (Jordan and Gilbert). Sardina. 
Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Stolephorus lucidus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 341, Mazatlaa. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 49 

269. Anchoviella naso (Gilbert and Pierson). 

Panama; common. 

Stolephorus naso Gilbert and Pierson, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes 
North and :Mid. Amer., 189S, 2813, Panama. 

270. Anchoviella robertsi (Jordan and Rutter). 

West Indies. 

Stolephorus robertsi Jordan and Rutter, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
XLIX, 1897, 95, Jamaica. 

271. Anchoviella astilbe (Jordan and Rutter). 

West Indies. 

Stolephorus astilbe Jordan and Rutter, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
XLIX, 1897, 95, Jamaica. 

272. Anchoviella scofieldi (Jordan and Culver). 

Astillero at Mazatlan; not very abundant. 

Stolephorus scofieldi Jordan and Culver, in Jordan, Fishes of Sinaloa, 
Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 3d Ser., V, 1895, 410, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

273. Anchoviella lyolepis (Evermann and Marsh). 

Porto Rico. 

Stolephorus lyolepis Evermann and Marsh, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XX, 
1900 (Dec. 29), 89, fig. 13, Culebra Island. Porto Rico. 

274. Anchoviella branchiomelas (Eigenmann). 

North coast of Colombia. 

Stolephorus branchiomelas Eigenmann, Proc. Am. Phil. Soc, LVI, 1917, 
682, mouth of Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

275. Anchoviella arenicola (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Panama. 

Anchovia arenicola Meek and Hildebrand, Marine Fishes of Panama, 

in Field Mus. Nat. Hi.st., Zool., XV, 1923, 201, PI. XIII, fig. 1, 

Taboga Island, Panama. 

276. Anchoviella scitula (Fowler). 

Coast of California; San Diego. 

Anchovia scitula Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIII, 1911, 211, 
fig. 2, San Diego, Calif. 

277. Anchoviella parva (Meek and Hildeljrand). 

Colon. 

Anchoria parva Meek and Hildebrand, Marine Fishes of Panama, in 

Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, 1923, 202, PI. X, fig. 2, Porto Bello, 

Panama. 

278. Anchoviella elongata (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Canal Zone. 

Anchoria elongata Meek and Hildebrand, Marine F'ishes of Panama, in 

Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, 1923, 198, PI. XII, fig. 2, Mindi 

Cut, Canal Zone. 

279. Anchoviella cayorum (Fowler). 

Florida Keys. 

Anchovia choerostoma raijorum Fowler, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
LVII, 190G, 85, fig. 4,Hailer's Rock, Florida Keys. 

280. Anchoviella platyargyrea (Fowler). 

We.st Indies. 

Anchovia platyargi/rea Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIII, 1911, 
210, fig. 4, St.' Martin's, West Indies. 

281. Anchoviella lepidentostole (Fowler). 

Coast of Surinam. 

Anchovia lepidentostole Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIII, 
1911, 214, fig. 3, Stirinam. 

282. Anchoviella guianensis (Eigenmann). 

Coast of Guiana. 

Stolephorus guianensis Eigenmann, Mem. Carnegie Mus., V, 1912, 448, 

PI. LXII, fig. 5, Bartica Rocks, British Guiana; misspelled Stoleferua 

in plate. 



50 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

283. Anchoviella trinitatis (Fowler). 

British West Indies. 

Anchovia trinitaiis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVII, 1915, 
527, fig. 3, Port of Spain, Trinidad, British West Indies. 

284. Anchoviella filifera (Fowler). 

British West Indies. 

Anchovia filifera Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVII, 1915, 
534, fig. 2, Port .of Spain, Trinidad, British West Indies. 

285. Anchoviella abbotti (Fowler). 

British West Indies. 

Anchoria abbotti Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVII, 1915, 
522, fig. 1, Port of Spain, Trinidad, British West Indies. 

Subgenus ANCHOA Jordan and Evermann. 

286. Anchoviella compressa (Girard). 

Point Conception to Lower California. 

Engraulis compressus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 336, San Diego. 

287. Anchoviella spinifera (Cu\ier and Valenciennes). 

Coast of Guiana; recorded from Panama by Steindachner, probably an 

error. 
Engraulis spinifer Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 

1848, 39, Cayenne. 

288. Anchoviella rastralis (Gilbert and Pierson). 

Panama; abundant. 

Stolephorus i-astralis Gilbert and Pierson, in Jordan and Evermann, 
Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2811, Panama. 

289. Anchoviella mundeola (Gilbert and Pierson). 

Panama; abundant. 

Stolephorus mundeolus Gilbert and Pierson, in Jordan and Evermann, 
Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2812, Panama. 

290. Anchoviella panamensis (Steindachner). 

Panama. 

Engraulis panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1875, 39, Panama. 

291. Anchoviella eigenmannia (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Panama. 

Anchovia eigenmannia Meek and Hildebrand, Marine Fishes of Panama, 

in Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, 1923, 20, Taboga Island, Canal 

Zone. 

Genus 116. ANCHOVIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Anchovia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
449, (Engraulin macrolepidotus Kner and Steindachner). 

292. Anchovia macrolepidota (Kner and Steindachner). Sardina bocona. 

Gulf of Mexico to Panama. 

Engraulis macrolepidotus Kner and Steindachner, Abhandl. Bayer. 
Akad. Wiss., X, 1864, 21, PI. Ill, fig. 2, Rio Bayano, Panama. 

293. Anchovia clupeoides (Swainson). Hechudo; Grubber broadhead. 

Coast of Cuba and southward; common, ascending streams. 
Engraulis clupeoides Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., II, 1839, 388, Pernam- 

buco. 
Stolephorus surinamensis Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., 1866, 178, 

Surinam. 
Engraulis productus Poey, Repertorio, 1866, 380, Cuba. 

Genus 117. AMPLOVA Jordan and Scale. 

Amplova Jordan and Seale, Copeia, No. 141, 1925, 31 (Stolephorus 
brevirostrum Meek and Hildebrand; not Engraulis brevirostris, 
Giinther, also a species of Amplova). 

294. Amplova balbose Jordan and Seale. 

Panama. 

Amplova balbose Jordan and Seale, Copeia, No. 141, Apr. 30, 1925, 
31, substitute for Stolephorus brevirostrum Meek and Hildebrand. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 51 

Anchovia hrevirostrum Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Histy 
Zool., XV, 1923, Pt. I, 198, PI. XV, fig. 1; not Engraulis brevirostris 
Giinther from Brazil, also a species of Amplova. 

Genus 118. CETENGRAULIS Giinther. 

Cetengraulis Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 383 (Engraulis edentulus Cuvier). 

295. Cetengraulis edentulus (Cuvier). Bocon; Tarpon fry. 

West Indies to Brazil; common in Cuba. 

Sprat Sloane, Hist. Jamaica, II, 1727, 282, Jamaica; after Sloane. 
Engrarulis edentulus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 323, Jamaica. 
Engraulis brevis Poej^, Repertorio, I, 1866, 379, Cuba. 

296. Cetengraulis gilberti (Evermann and Marsh). 

Coast of Porto Rico. 

Stolephorus gilberti Evermann and Marsh, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., 
XXV, 1899 (Dec. 19), 352, Palo Seco near San Juan, Porto Rico. 

297. Cetengraulis garmani (Evermann and Marsh). Porto Rican anchovy. 

Porto Rico. 

Stolephorus garmani Evermann and Marsh, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., 
XXV, 1899, (Dec. 19), 352, Puerto Real, Porto Rico. 

298. Cetengraulis mysticetus (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Engraulis rnysticetus Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1866, 604, 

Panama. 
Stolephorus opercularis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 

1881, 275, Punta San Felipe, Gulf of California. 

299. Cetengraulis engymen Gilbert and Pierson. 

Panama Bay. 

Cetengraidis engymen Gilbert and Pierson, in Jordan and Evermann, 
Fishes North and Mid. Amer. 1898, 2815, Panama Bay. 

Genus 119. PTERENGRAULIS Giinther. 

Pterengraulis Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 398, {Clupea atherinoides L.). 

300. Pterengraulis atherinoides (Linnieus). 

Coast of Guiana and Brazil; a.scending rivers. 

Clupea atherinoides Linnajus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 523, Surinam. 

Genus 120. LYCENGRAULIS Gunther. 

Lycengraulis Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 399 {Engraulis grossidens 

Cuvier). 

301. Lycengraulis grossidens (Cuvier). 

Coast of Guiana and Brazil. 

Engraulis grossidens Cuvier, in Agassiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1828, 50, 

ilio Janeiro. 
Engraulis Janeiro Agassiz, loc. cit., pi. 24, fig. 1, Rio Janeiro. 
Engraulis dentex Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 

1848, 28, Rio Janeiro. 

302. Lycengraulis poeyi (Kner and Steindachner). 

Rio Bayano, Panama. 

Engraulis poeyi Kner and Steindachner, Abhandl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss., 
X, 1864, 23, with plate; Rio Bayano. 

Family 46. AIEPOCEPHALID.a: 

Genus 121. ALEPOCEPHALUS Risso. 

Alepocephalus Risso, M6m. Acad. Nat. Sci. Turin, XXV, 1820, 270 

(A. rostratus Risso). 

303. Alepocephalus agassizii CJoode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Alepocephalus agassizii Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 
1883, 318, Gulf Stream. 

304. Alepocephalus productus Gill. 

Gulf Stream. 

Alepocephalus productus Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 256, 
Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2035 in 1,362 fathonia. 



52 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

305. Alepocephalus tenebrosus Gilbert. 

Santa Barbara Channel, California. 

Alepocephalus tenebrosus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 
545, Santa Barbara Channel. 

306. Alepocephalus asperifrons Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Alepocephalus asperifrons Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899, 291, PI. LIX, fig. 1, Panama. 

307. Alepocephalus convexifrons Garman 

Off Pacific coa.st of Mexico, in deep water. 

Alepocephalus convexifrons Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899, 292, PI. LIX, fig. 2; off Pacific coast of Mexico. 

308. Alepocephalus fundulus Garman. 

Pacific coast of Panama, in deep water. 

Alepocephalus fundulus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899, 293, PI. LVII, fig. 2; off Panama in deep water. 

Genus 122. MITCHILLINA Jordan and Evermann. 

MUchillina Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 453, {Alepocephalus bairdii Goode and Bean). 

309. Mitchillina bairdii (Goode and Bean). 

Grand Banks of Newfoundland. 

Alepocephalus bairdii Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 
55, Grand Banks of Newfoundland. 

Genus 123. BATHYTROCTES Gunther. 

Bathytroctes Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 5th ser., 1878, 249 
{B. microlepsis Giinther). 

310. Bathytroctes stomias Gilbert. 

Coast of Oregon. 

Bathytroctes stomias Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1890, 53, 
coast of Oregon in 877 fathoms. Albatross station 3074. 

311. Bathytroctes inspector Garman. 

Pacific coast of Panama, in deep water. 

Bathytroctes inspector Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

288, PI. M., fig. 1; Panama. 

312. Bathytroctes alveatus Garman. 

Pacific coast of Panama in deep water. 

Bathytroctes alveatus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
PI. LVIII, fig. 1, 287; Panama. 

313. Bathytroctes alvifrons Garman. 

Pacific coast of Panama in deep water. 

Bathytroctes alvifrons Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
286, PI. LVIII, figs. 2, 2a; Panama. 

Genus 124. XENOGNATHUS Gilbert. 

Xenognathus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 1915, 311, {X. 
profundorum Gilbert). 

314. Xenognathus profundorum Gilbert. 

Coast of California, in deep water, 1,350 to 2,182 fathoms. 
Xenognathus profundorum Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 
1915, 311, off Santa Catalina Island, California. 

Genus 125. NARCETES Alcock. « 

Narcetes Alcock, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., VI, 1890, 305 (A'', erimelas 
Alcock). 

315. Narcetes stomias (Gilbert). 

Off Pacific coast of America, from Oregon to southern California in 

deep water. 
Bathytroctes stomias Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 53, 

coast of Oregon in 877 fathoms, Albatross station 3074. 

316. Narcetes pluriserialis Garman. 

Pacific coa.st of Panama in deep water. 

Narcetes pluriserialis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

289, PI. LVII, fig. 3; Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 53 

Genus 126. LEPTOCHILICHTHYS Garman. 

Leptochilichthys Garman, :Mem. ^NIus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 284 
(L. agassizii Garman). 

317. Leptochilichthys agassizii Garman. 

Pacific coast of Panama, in deep water. 

Leptochilichthys agassizii Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, 286, PI. LVIII, fig. 3; off Panama. 

Genus 127. PIATYTROCTES Gunther. 

Platytroctes Giintlier, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 249 (P. apus 
Giinther). 

318. Platytroctes apus Giinther, 

Mid- Atlantic and the Arabian Sea. 

Platytroctes apus Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 249, Mid- 
Atlantic. 

Genus 128. TALISMANIA Goode and Bean. 

Talismania Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 41 {Bathytrocies 
homopterus Vaillant). 

319. Talismania antillarum Goode and Bean. 

Caribbean Sea. 

Talismania atitillarnm Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 44, fig. 

49, Albatross station 2394, in Caribbean Sea, lat. 28° 38' 30" N., 

long. 87° 2' W., 420 fathoms. 

320. Talismania aequatoris Goode and Bean. 

Coa.st of Ecuador. 

Talismania sequatoris Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 44, fig. 50, 
ofT coast of Ecuador. 

Genus 129. CONOCARA Goode and Bean. 

Conorara Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 39 (C macdonaldi 
Goode and Bean). 

321. Conocara macdonaldi Goode and Bean. 

Gulf of Mexico. 

Conocara macdonaldi Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 39, fig. 48, 
Gulf of Mexico. 

322. Conocara macroptera (Vaillant). 

Deep seas, coast of Morocco to Soudan, banc d'Arguin, and from the 
Canaries. \ specimen 8 inches in length was obtained bv the 
Albatross at station 2751, lat. 16° 57' N., long. 63° 12' W.,'in 68 
fathoms. 

Alcpocephalus macropterus Vaillant, Exp6d. Sci. Travailleur ct Talisman, 
Poissons, 1888, 150, PI. XI, figs. 2a, 2b, 2c, coa.st of Morocco, Soudan, 
and Canaries. 

Genus 130. BAJACALIFORNIA Townsend and Nichols. 

Bajacalijornia Townsend and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
LII, 1925, 8 (fi. burragei Town.send and Nichols). 

323. Bajacalifornia burragei Townsend and Nichols. 

West coast of Lower California in deep water. 

Bajacalijornia burragei Townsend and Nichols, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. 

Hist., LII, 1025, 8, fig. 3, off Todos Santos Bay, Lower California, 

in .")90 fatliouis. 

Genus 131. XENODERMICHTHYS Giinther. 

Xenodcrmichthys Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, ser. 5, 1878, 250 

(X. nodulosus Giinther). 
AUposovius Gill, Amer. Nat., XVIII, 1884, 433 {A. copei Gill). 

324. Xenodermichthys copei (Gill). 

Gulf Stream. 

AlepoHomus copei Gill, Amer. Nat., XVIII, 1884, 433, Gulf Stream, lat. 
37° 12' 20" N., long. 60° 39' W. 

Genus 132. ERICARA Gill and Townsend. 

Ericara Gill aiui Tcnvuseiid, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wa.sh., XI, 1897, 232 
{E. salmonea Gill and Townsend). 



54 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

325. Ericara salmonea Gill and Townsend. 

Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands. 

Ericara salmonea Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XI, 1897, 
232, Bering Sea. 

Genus 133. ATOPICHTHYS Garman. 

Atopichthys =' Garman, Mem., Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 326 

{A. esunculus Garman). 

326. Atopichthys esunculus Garman. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Atopichthys esunculus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
327, PL LXV, figs. 2, 2a; off Acapulco, Mexico. 

Suborder SAIMONOIDEI 

Family 47. SAIMONID^. Salmon; Trout 

Genus 134. ONCORHYNCHUS Suckley. Pacific salmon. 

Oncorhynchus Suckley, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 313 (Salmo 

scouleri Richardson = >SaZmo gorbuscha Walbaum). 
Hypsifario Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 330 {Sabno 
kennerlyi Gill). 

Subgenus. ONCORHYNCHUS Suckley. 

327. Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum). Humpback salmon; Pink 

salmon, Haddo; Holia; Gorbuscha. 

Pacific coast and rivers of North America and Asia, from California 
northward. 

Salmo gorbuscha Walbaum, Artedi Pise. 1792, 69, Kamchatka; after 
Gorbuscha of Pennant and Krasheninnikof. 

Salmo gibber Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 409, Kamchatka; 
after Krasheninnikof. 

Salmo proteus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 376, Bering Sea. 

Salmo scouleri Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 158; Observ- 
atory Inlet. 

Salmo tschaivytschiformis Smitt, I Riksmuseeum BcfintUga Salmonider, 
ISSB, 161 ; Port Clarence. 

328. Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum). Dog salmon; Hayko; Le kai salmon; 

Chum; Calico salmon. 

Pacific coast of America, from San Francisco to Kamchatka. 

Salmo keta vel kayko Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 72, rivers of Kam- 
chatka; after keta or kayko of Permant and Krasheninnikof. 

Salmo lagocephalus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 372; Bering 
Sea. 

?Salmo japonicus Pallas, loc. cit., 382, Curile Islands; Amur River. 

Salmo dermatinus Richardson, Voy. Herald, Zool., 18.54, 167; Yukon 
River. 

Salmo consuetus Richardson, loc. cit., 168; Yukon River. 

Salmo ranis Sucklcv, Ann. Lvc. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1858, 9, and 
Monogr. Salmo, 101, 1861 (1874); Puget Soiuid. 

329. Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum). Silver salmon; Kisutch; Medium 

red salmon; Skowitz; Hoopid salmon; Coho salmon; Bielaya ryba; 

Quisutsch; Tschaviche. 
From San Francisco northward, especially in Puget Sound and the 

Alaskan fjords; south on the Asiatic coast to .Japan. 
ISalmo mi.lktschitch Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 70, Bering Sea; 

after milktschutsch or miltschitsch of Pennant and Krasheninnikof; 

probably the young of kisutch. 
Salmo kisutch VValbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 70, rivers and lakes of 

Kamchatka; after the kisutch of Pennant. 
ISalmo strialus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 407, Kamchat- 
ka; after milktschitsch of Krasheninnikof. 

" This name is Rivpn not as a genus, but rather as a group name of larval fishes related to the eels or to 
the Alepoccphalidae, commonly known as Leptocephnliis; but Leptoccphaliu morrisi (type of Leptocephalm) 
is now known to be a youns conger. A number of these larvre (.A. sicarius, cinctus, dentatux, falcidens, acus, 
opichthys, cinguln.i, hjchnus, ohtusus, and longidcm) are deseril)ed by Garman (Deep Sea Fishes), but they 
need not be specifically recognized here. The species called Atopichthys ensunculus Garman, perhaps 
belonging to the Alepocephalid», has been designated as the type of this group. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 55 

Salmo kisuich Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., 407, Kamchatka; after 
Pennant. 

Salmo sanguinolentus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, ISll, 379, 
Bering Sea. 

Salmo tsuppitch Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 224, Col- 
umbia River. 

Subgenus HYPSIFARIO Gill. 

330. Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum). Blueback salmon; Redfish; Fraser 

River salmon; Xerka; Sau-qui salmon; Sockeye or Sukkegh sailmon; 

Krashnaija ryba. 
Klamath River and Rogue River to northern Alaska, Kamchatka, and 

Japan. 
Salmo nerka Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 71; after the nerka of Pennant, 

narka of Krasheninnikof; rivers and seas of Kamchatka. 
Salmo lycaodon Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, 181 1, 370, Okhotsk 

Sea, Kamchatka. 
Salmo paucidens Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 222, Co- 
lumbia River. 
Salmo tapdisma Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 1848, 

365, Kamchatka; on a drawing. 
Salmo arabatch Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., Kamchatka; on a 

drawing. 
Salmo melamplerus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., Kamchatka; on 

a drawing. 
Fario aurora Girard, Proc. A<?ad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 218; 

Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 308, pi. 68, Astoria, Orog. 

331. Oncorhynchus tschawytscha (Walbaum). Chinook salmon; Tchaviche; 

King salmon; Columbia River salmon; Spring salinon; Sacramento 
River salmon; Tyee salmon; Tschawytscha; Quinnat salmon. 

Alaska, Oregon, and California; southward to Monterey, and to northern 
China. 

Salmo tschawytscha Walbaum, Artcdi Pise, 1792. 71, rivers of Kam- 
chatka; after the tschaivytscha of Krasheninnikof, Descr. Kamchatka, 
1768, 178, and the tschaivytscha of Pennanl. 1792. 

Sahno oriental is Pallas. Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 367, Kamchatka. 

Salmo quinnat Richardson, Fauna Bor.-.\mer., Ill, 1836, 219, Columbia 
River; and of manv writers. 

Fario argyrcus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 218, 
Cape Flattery; Fort Steilacoom. 

Salmo conjluentus Sucklev, Ann. Lvc. Nat. Hist. N. Y., December, 1858, 
and Pacific R. R. Surv., XII, pt. 2, 1860, 334, Puyallup River near 
Fort Steilacoom. 

Salmo cooperi Sucklev, Notices New Spec. N. Amer. Salmon, New 
York, June, 1861, Okanogan River. 

Sabno warreni Sucklev, loc. cit., June, 1861, and loc. cit., 1861, 117 
(1874) Fraser River, British Columbia. 

Salmo richardi Sucklev, loc. cit., June, 1861, and loc. cit., 1861, 117, 
Fraser and Skagit Rivers. 

332. Oncorhynchus kennerlyi (Sucklev). 

Lakes of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, British Columbia, Alaska, and 
Hokkaido. A dwarf landlocked form. Probablj' several forma 
should be recognized. 

Salmo kennerlyi Suckley, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hi.st. N. Y., VII, 1861, 307, 
Lake Chilowcyuck, Washington. 

Genus 135. SALMO Linnaeus. Salmon and trout. 

Salmo Linna;us, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 308 {S. solar Linnajus); after 

Artedi. 
Truttx Linnai'us, loc. cit., 308 {trutta, etc.: " Trutt^ corpore variegato"). 
Trutla GeofTroy, Descr. de 719 Plantes, etc., 1767, 719 (Salmo trutta 

Linna'Us). 
Fario Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 1848, 277 (Fario 

argenfeus = Salmo fario L.). 
Sular Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 314 (Salmo ansonii = Salmo fario) . 
Trutta Siebold, Siisvvasserfische Mitteleuropas, 1863, 280 (Salmo 

trutta L.). 

Subgenus SALMO Linnseus. 



56 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

333. Salmo salar Linnscus. Common Atlantic salmon. 

Xortli Atlantic; ascending all suitable rivers in northern Europe and 

region north of Cape Cod; formerly abundant in the Hudson and 

occasional in the Delaware, its northern limit being about lat. 50° 

N., and southwest Greenland. 
Salmo salar Liinianis, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 308, seas of Europe. 
Salmo 7nas Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 58, Germany; based on "Der 

Hakelachs" of Bloch; probablv not intended as a binomial name. 
Salmo gloveri Girard, Proc. Acad". Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 86, Union 

River, Me. 

334 Salmo sebago Girard. Landlocked salmon; Sebago salmon. 

Lakes of Maine, New Hampshire, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. 
Salmo sebago Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1853, 380, Sebago 
Lake, Me. 

335. Salmo ouananiche McCarthy. Ouananiche; Winninish. 

Lake St. John, Saguenay River, and northward. 

Salmo salar ouananiche Eugene McCarthy, Forest and Stream, March 

10, 1894, 20G, and in Jordan and Evcrmann, Fishes North and Mid. 

Amer., 1896, 487, Saguenay River, Canada. 

336. Salmo mykiss Walbaum. Mykiss; Somka; Kamchatka salmon trout; 

Muikichi. 
Kamchatka; probably not occurring in America. 
Mykiss Pennant, Arctic Zool., 1792, 126, Kamchatka; after Krashenin- 

nikof, etc. 
Salmo juykiss Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 59, Kamchatka; based on 

mykiss of Pennant. 
Salmo penshinensis Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, 1811, Gulf of 

Penshin. 
Salmn purpuratus Pallas, loc. cit., 374, Bering Sea. 

337. Salmo regalis Snyder. Royal silver trout. 

Lake Tahoe. 

Salmo regalis Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1912 (Dec. 31), 
26, Lake Tahoe near Brockway, Nev. 

Subgenus TRUTTA Linnaeus. 

338. Salmo clarkii Richardson. Columbia River trout; Cut-throat trout. 

Coastwise streams, from Puget Sound south to Elk River, Humboldt 

County, California. 
Salmo clarkii Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 225, Cath- 

lapootl River. 
Fario stellatus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 219, 

Fort Steilacoom, Shoalwater Bay. 
Salmo brevicauda Suckley, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 308, 

Puget Sound. 

339. Salmio lewisi (Girard). Yelloivstone trout; Cut-throat trout. 

Snake River basin above the Shoshone Falls, through Two-Ocean Pass 

to the headwaters of the Yellowstone and other affluents of the upper 

Missouri; Yellowstone Lake. 
Salar lewisi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 219, 

Falls of Missouri River. 
Salmo carinatus Cope, Hay den's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871 (1872); 

locality unknown, probably Yellowstone River. 

340. Salmo bouvieri (Bendirc). W aha Lake trout. 

Wulia Lake, Washington. 

Salmo purpuratus bouvieri Bendire, in Jordan and Gilbert, Svnopsis, 
1883, 315, Waha Lake, Wash. 

341. Salmo Utah Suckley. Cut-throat trout of Utah Lake. 

Lakes and streams west of the Wasatch range, especially in Bear, Provo, 

Jordan, and Sevier Rivers and in Utah Lake. 
Salmo Utah Suckley, Monogr. Salmo, 1861 (1874), 136, Utah Lake; 

pale specimens from the lake. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 57 

342. Salmo gibbsii Suckley. 

Middle Columbia River basin. 

Fario tsuppitch Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 218, 

Fort Dalles, Oreg.; not of Richardson. 
Salmo gibbsii Suckley, Ann. Lye. Xat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1858, 1, Fort 

Dalles; also in the Yakima, John Day, and Boise Rivers; also in the 

Columbia at The Dalles, Oreg. 

343. Salmo henshawi Gill and Jordan. Lake Tahoe trout; Sih'er trout; Truckee 

trout; Pyramid Lake trout. 

Basin of the post-tertiary Lake Lahontan; Lake Tahoe, Pyramid Lake, 
Wennemuca Lake, Webber Lake, Donner Lake, Independence Lake, 
Truckee River, Humboldt River, Carson River, and most streams of 
the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada; also the headwaters of 
Feather River, west of the Sierra Nevada; probably introduced from 
Nevada. 

Salmo henshawi Gill and Jordan, in Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 1878, 
258, Lake Tahoe. 

344. Salmo tahoenis (Jordan and Evermann). Great trout of Lake Tahoe. 

Deep waters of Lake Tahoe. 

Salmo clarkii tahoensis Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 
Amer., 1898, 2870, Lake Tahoe. 

345. Salmo jordani (Meek). Jordan's trout; Spotted trout of Lake Southerland. 

Lake Southerland, west of Paget Sound. 

Salmo clarkii jordani Meek, Publ., Field Col. Mus., Zool., I, 1897 
(1899), 229, Lake Southerland, Wash. 

346. Salmo declivifrons (Meek). Salmon trout of Lake Southerland. 

Lake Southerland, west of Puget Sound. 

Salmo clarkii declivifrons Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., I, 1899, 230, 
Lake Southerland, Wash. 

347. Salmo virginalis (Girard). Kio Grande trout. 

\']>])vr Rio Grande and southward into the mountains of Chihuahua. 
Salur virginalis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 220, 

Utah Creek and at Sangre de Cristo Pass, Colo. 
Salmo spilurus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871 (1872), 470; 

Sangre de Cristo Pass, Colo. 

348. Salmo pleuriticus Cope. Colorado River trout. 

Col(jra<lo River basin. 

Salmo pleuriticus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871 (1872), 
471; headwaters of Green River, Wyo. 

349. Salmo stomias Cope. Greenback trout. 

Headwaters of .\rkansas and Platte Rivers. 

Salmo stomias Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870 (1871), 433; 
South Platte River; locality unknown. 

350. Salmo macdonaldi (.Jordan and Evermann). Yellowfin trout. 

Headwaters of the .Arkansas River. 

Salmo mijkiss macdonaldi Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., XII, 1889 (January 20, 1890), 453, Twin Lakes, Colo. 

351. Salmo crescentis (Jordan and Beardslee). Blueback trout of Lake Crescent. 

Crescent Lake, Clallam County, Washington. 

Salmo gairdncri crescentis Jordan and lieardslee, Proc. Calif. Acad. 

Sci., 2d ser., VI, 1896, 207, pi. 22, Crescent Lake, Clallam County, 

Wash. 

352. Salmo bathcecetor Meek. Long-headed trout of Crescent Lake. 

Deep water of Crescent Lake, Washington. 

Salmo bathcecetor Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., I, 1899, 227, Crescent 
Lake, Wash. 

353. Salmo beardslei (Jordan and Scale). Speckled trout of Lake Crescent. 

Oesceiit Lake, Clallam County, Wash. 

Salmo yairdneri Ixardslei Jordan and Scale, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
2d Sex., VI, 1896, 209, pi. 23, Crescent Lake, Clallam County, Wash. 



58 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

354. Salnio eremogenes Evermann and Nichols. 

Streams of central Wash. 

iSaimo eremogenes Evermann and Nichols, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXII, 

June 25, 1909, 93, pi. 2, Crab Creek at Rocky Ford near Ritzville, 

Wash. 

355. Salmo smaragdus Snyder. Emerald trout. 

Truckee Basin, Nev. 

Salmo smaragdus Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXV, 1915-16 
(Sept. 28, 1917), 80, fig. 9, Pyramid Lake, Nev. 

356. Salmo aquilarum Snyder. Eagle Lake trout. 

Lakes of northeastern California. 

Salmo aquilarum Snvder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXV, 1915-16 (Sept. 

28, 1917), 77, fig. 7, Eagle Lake near mouth of Pine Creek, Modoc 

Co.. Calif. 

357. Salmo irideus Gibbons. Rainbow trout; Coast range trout. 

Coastwise mountain streams of the Coast Ranges from the northern 
coast of California southward to San Diego County, Calif.; entering 
the .sea where it grows to 6 or 10 pounds, returning as a steelhead. 

Salmo iridia Gibbons, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 35, San 
Leandro Creek, Alameda County, Calif. 

Salmo rivularis Ayres, loc. cit., 42, Martinez, Calif.; steelhead form. 

358. Salmo gairdnerii Richardson. Brook trout of western Oregon to southern 

Alaska; Steelhead; Salmon trout; Kamloops trout; Stit-tse. 

Southern Alaska and Puget Sovmd to southern Oregon; in streams of 
the Coast Ranges and the Cascades, descending to the sea as a 
"steelhead"; perhaps not separable from Salmo irideus. Kamloops 
Lake, Okanogan Lake, and other lakes tributary to Frazer River or 
to the upper Columbia. 

Salmo gairdnerii Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 221, Co- 
lumbia River at Fort Vancouver. 

Salmo masoni Suckley, Pac. R. R. Surv., XII, part 2, 1860, 345, Cathla- 
pootle River. 

Salmo truncatus Suokley, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1862, 3, 
New Dungeness, straits of Fuca. 

Oncorhynchus kamloops Jordan, Forest and Stream, XXXIX, No. 19, 
November 10, 1892, 405, Kamloops Lake, British Columbia. 

359. Salmo shasta (Jordan). McCloud River rainbow trout; Rainbow trout of 

Jish culturists. 

Streams of the Sierra Nevadas from Mount Shasta southward; known 
from McCloud River; the limits of its range not well known. Intro- 
duced into the Truckee River and many eastern streams, as well as in 
Europe and New Zealand. 

Salmo irideus or rainbow trout of most writers and especially of fish- 
culturists; not Salmo irideus Gibbons, which is based on coastwise 
specimens. 

Salmo gairdneri shasta Jordan, Thirteenth Biennial Rept. Calif. Fish 
Com., 1894, 142, with plate; McCloud River at Baird, Shasta County, 
Calif. 

360. Salmo stonei (Jordan). Nissuee trout; No-shee trout. 

McCloud River and upper Sacramento River. 

Salmo gairdneri stonei Jordan, Thirteenth Biennial Rept. Calif. Fish 

Com., 1894, 142, with plate; McCloud River at Baird, Cahf.; perhaps 

a variant of Salmo shasta. 

361. Salmo newberrii Girard. 

Klamatli River. 

Fario or Salmo neicberrii Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858, 
225; new name for fish misidentified and described as "Salmo gairdneri 
Richardson" in Pacific R. R. Survey, X, 1859, 313, PI. LXXI, figs. 
1-4, Klamath River, Oreg. 

362. Salmo gilberti (Jordan). Kern River trout. 

Kern River, Calif. 

Salmo gairdneri gilberti Jordan, Thirteenth Biennial Rept. Calif. Fish 
Com., 1894, 143, with plate; Kern River at Soda Springs, Calif. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 59 

363. Salmo rosei Jordan and McGregor. Rose trout. 

Certain headwaters of Kern River, Calif. 

Salmo rosei Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXXVI, 1924, 19, 
PI. II, Lake C^ilver, Calif., and neighboring lakes. 

364. Salmo agua-bonita (Jordan). Golden trout of south fork of Kern River. 

South fork of Kern River, Calif.; introduced into Cottonwood Lakes, 
east of Mount Whitney. 

Salmo mykiss agua-bonita Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XV, 1892, 
481, "Volcano or Whitney Creek, California," by error; the original 
type came from the Cottonwood Lakes on the east side of Mount 
Whitney, into which the species had been introduced from the south 
fork of Kern River. This species does not occur in Volcano Creek 
nor in WTiitney Creek. 

365. Salmo whitei Evermann. Golden trout of western tributaries of Kern 

River; Stewart White trout. 
Western tributaries of Kern River, Calif. 
Salmo whitei Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXV. 1905 (May 19, 

1906), 20, PI. XVI; south fork of Kaweah River, Calif., into which 

the species had been transplanted from Coyote Creek, a western 

tributary of Kern River. 

366. Salmo roosevelti Evermann. Golden trout of Volcano Creek; Roosevelt 

trout; Volcano Creek trout. 
Native only to Volcano Creek, an eastern tributary of Kern River, 

Calif. 
Salmo roosevelti Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXV, 1905 (May 19, 

1906), 26, PI. I, Volcano Creek, Kern River Basin, Calif. 

367. Salmo evermanni Jordan and Grinnell. San Bernardino trout; Evermann' 8 

trout. 
Headwaters of Santa Ana River, Calif., above the falls. 
Salmo evermanni Jordan and Grinnell, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXI, 

1908, 31, PI. II, south fork of the Santa Ana River, Calif., at 8,200 

feet altitude. 

368. Salmo nelsoni Evermann. Lower California trout; Nelson's trout. 

Mountain streams of northern Lower California. 

Salmo nelsoni Evermann, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXI, 1908, 26, PI. I, 
San Ramon River, San Pedro Martir Mountains, Lower California. 

Genus 136. CRISTIVOMER Gill and Jordan. Great Lakes trout. 

Cristivomer Gill and Jordan, in Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 1878, 356. 
{Salmo namaycush Walbaum). 

369. Cristivomer namaycush (Walbaum). Great Lakes trout; Mackinaw 

trout; Longue (Vermont); Togue (Maine); Namaycush; Masamacush. 
Great Lakes region and lakes of northern New York, New Hampshire, 

and Maine; headwaters of Columbia and Eraser Rivers; streams of 

Vancouver Island, and north to the Arctic Circle. 
Namaycush salmon Pennant, Arctic Zool., 1792, 191, Hudson Bay. 
Salmo namaycush Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 68, Hudson Bay; based 

on the Namaycush salmon of Pennant. 
Salmo pallidus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., December, 1817, 

120, Lake Champlain. 
Snlmo amethystinns Mitchill, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 410, 

Sault Ste. Marie. 
Salmo confinis DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 238, Louis Lake, 

Hamilton County, N. Y.; Silver Lake, Pa. 
Salmo symmetricus Prescott, Am. Jour. Sci. Arts, XI, 1851, 340, Lake 

Winnipi-scogec, N. H. 
Salmo toma llamlin. The Togue, in Holmes, 2d Ann. Rept., Maine 

Fish Com., 1862, 109; lakes of Maine. 
Salmo adirondacus Norris, Amer. Angler's Book, 1865, 255; Adirondack 

lakes. 




60 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

370. Cristivomer siscowet (Agassiz). Siscowet. 

Lake Superior, in deep water, where it feeds on the fat ciscoes; a deep- 
water variant of C. namaycush. 

Salmo siscowet Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 333, Lake Superior. 

Salmo siskawitz Agassiz, in Herbert Frank Forester's Fish and Fishing, 
1850, 112, with plate; Lake Superior. 

Salmo ursinus Barnston, Rept. Fish. Canada, Lake Superior; reference 
uncertain. 

Genus 137. SALVELINUS Richardson. Charrs. 

Salvelini Nilsson, Prodr. Icth. Scand., 1832, 7 (alpinus); group name. 
Salvelinus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 169 (Salmo 

salveliniis L.); after Nilsson. 
Baione DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 244 {B. Jontinalis DeKay). 
Uinbla Rapp, Fische Bodensces, 1854, 32 {Salmo umhla = alpinus L.). 

371. Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill). Brook trout; Speckled trout; Eastern 

brook trout. 
Maine to the Saskatchewan and northward to Labrador, southward in 

the Alleghenies to headwaters of the Savannah, Chattahoochee, 

Catawha, and French Broad Rivers; largely introduced into western 

streams but not native west of the Mississippi except in Minnesota 

and Iowa. Some unnamed variants included. 
Sabno fontinalis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 435, 

near New York City. 
Salmo alleghaniensis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 44, brooks 

faUing into the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers. 
Salmo nigrescens Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 45, near the Laurel 

Hills, Pa. 
Salmo canadensis Hamilton Smith, in Griffith's Cuvier, X, 1834, 474, 

Canada; dots blood red, each "in white circular spot." 
Salmo hudsonicus Suckley, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 310, 

Hudson Bay and tributaries; Labrador; Newfoundland. 

372. Salvelinus agassizii Garman. Dublin Pond trout. 

Dublin Pond, N. H. 

Salmo agassizii Garman, Nineteenth Rept., Mass. Fish Com., 1885, 20, 
Dublin Pond (Lake Monadnock), N. H.; Center Pond, N. H. 

373. Salvelinus timagamensi Henn and Rinkenbach. Aurora trout. 

White Pine Lake, Clearwater Lake, Timigami region, Ontario, of the 

St. Lawrence Basin. 
Salvelijius timagamensis Henn and Rinkenbach, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 

XVI, 1925, 131, figs. 1, 2, and 3; White Pine Lake. 

374. Salvelinus aureolus Bean. Sunapee trout; American saibling; Golden 

trout of Sunapee Lake. 
Sunapee Lake, N. H.; Dan Hole Pond, Carroll County, N. H., tributary 

to Saco River; and Floods Pond, Otis, Me., tributary to Union River; 

also in Averill Pond, Vt. 
Salvelinus aureolus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 628, Sunapee 

Lake, N. H. 

375. Salvelinus rossii (Richardson). Ross's arctic .■salmon. 

Lakes of Greenland and Boothia Felix. 

ISalmo hearnei Richardson, Franklin's First Voy. 1823, 706, and in 
Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 167, Bloody Fall, Coppermine River, 
Lat. 67°; not certainly recognizable, description imperfect. 

Salmo rossii Richardson, App., Ross's Vov., LVI, 1835; and in Fauna 
Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 163, Regent's Inlet, Boothia Felix. 

Salmo alipes Richardson, loc. cit., LVII, 1835, and in Fauna Bor.- 
Amer., Ill, 1836, 169, Lakes in Regent's Inlet, Boothia Felix. 

Salmo nilidus Richardson, loc. cit., LVII, 1835, and Fauna Bor.- 
Amer., 1836, 171; Lake of Boothia Felix. 

376. Salvelinus stagnalis (Fabricius). Greenland charr. 

Waters of Greenland, Boothia, and neighboring regions. 

Salmo stagnalis Fabricius, Fauna Grcenlandica, 1780, 175; Alpine ponds 
of Greenland; not migratory. 

Salmo rivalis Fabricius, loc. cit., 176, Alpine brooks of Greenland; not 
entering the sea. 

Salmo immaculatus H. R. Storer, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., VI, 1850, 
364, lower St. Lawrence; Canadian "salmon trout." Name preoc- 
cupied. Sea-run forms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 61 

377. Salvelinus naresi (Giinther). 

Lakes of Arctic America, Discovery Baj-, and Cumberland Gulf. 
Salmo naresi Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1877, 476, plate, fresh- 
water lakes near Discovery Bay. 

378. Salvelinus arcturus (Giinther). Arctic charr. 

Victoria Lake and Floeberg Beaches of Arctic America, latitude 82° 34'. 
Salmo arcturus Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1877, 294, PI. XXXII, 
Victoria Lake, Flceberg Beach. 

379. Salvelinus malma (Walbaum). Malma trout. 

Waters of Kamchatka and Alaska, everywhere abundant; descending 

to the sea; apparently intergrading southward with Salvelinus 

spectabilis. 
Salmo malma Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 66, Kamchatka; based on 

Malma of Pennant. 
Salmo curilus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 251, Curile Islands. 
Salmo callaris Pallas, loc. cit., 353, Bering Sea. 
Salmo Isevigatus Pallas, loc. cit., 385, Curile Islands. 
Salmo nummifer Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 

1848, 365, Kamchatka; on a drawing by Mertens. 
Salmo erythrorhychos Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 367, Kamchatka. 
Salmo tudes Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XIII, 1873, 24, Captains 

Harbor, Unalaska. 
Salmo pluvius Hilgendorf, Mitth., Deutsch. Ges. Ostasiens, XI, 1876, 

25; clear streams throughout Japan. 

380. Salvelinus malma spectabilis (Girard). Dolly Varden trout; Oregon 

charr; Bull trout: Rcd-.npolted trout; Golet. 
Streams west of the Cascade Range, from the upper Sacramento to 

Montana and Alaska; in the Columbia basin as far up as Montana 

and Idaho. 
Salmo spectabilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 218; 

Fort Dalles, Oreg. 
Salmo bairdii Sucklev, loc. cit., 309, tributary of Flathead River, Mont. 
Salmo parkei Suckley, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1861, 309, 

Kootenay River. 
Salmo campbelh Suckley, loc. cit., 313, Fort Dalles, Oreg.; substitute for 

spectabilis, preoccupied in Fario, not in Salmo or Salrelinus. 
Salmo lordii Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 148, Skagit River; dwarf speci- 
mens. 

381. Salvelinus oquassa (Girard). Oquassa trout; Blueback trout; Quasky. 

Rangeley Lakes, western Maine. 

Salmo oquassa Girard, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., IV, 1854, 262, 
Oquassa or Oquossoc Lake, Me. 

382. Salvelinus marstoni (Garman). Lac de Marbre trout; Marslon trout. 

Salmo marstoni Garman, Science, July 14, 1893, Lac de Marbre, Ottawa 
County, Quebec. 

Family 48. COREGONID.a:. Whitefishes 

Genus 138. STENODUS Richardson. Inconnu. 

Stenodus Richardson, in Back's Narrative Arctic Land Exped., back 
append., IS.'iG, 521 {Salmo mackenzii Richardson). 

383. Stenodus mackenzii (Richardson). Inconnu. 

Delta of MacKenzie River. 

Salmo mackenzii Richardson, Franklin's Jour., 1823, 707, MacKenzie 
River. 

Genus 139. LEUCICHTHYS Dybowski. Lake herrings and ciscoes. 

Argyrosomus .\gassiz. Lake Superior, 1850, 330 {" clupeiformis" of 

DeKay, not of Mitchill --S'aimo harengus Rich); not of M. do la 

Pylaie, which is Scixna nquila Cuvier. 
Leucichthys Dybowski, Fische Baikal- Wassersysteme, Verk. KK. 

Zool.-Bot. Gcseli. Wien, Bd. XXIV, 1874, 300 (Salmo omul Pallas). 
AlloHomus Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 1878, 361 {Coregonus tullibee 

Richardson). 

6424°— 29 6 



62 us. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Thrissomimus Gill, in Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 
XXIX, 1909 (1911), 3 {Coregonus artedi LeSueur). 

Cisco Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXIX, 1909 (1911), 
3 {Argyrosomus nigripinnis Gill). 

Subgenus THRISSOMIMUS Gill. 

384. Leucichthys harengus (Richardson). Saginaw Bay herring; Georgian 

Bay herring. . ^ o • 

Shallow bays of Lakes Huron and Michigan; Georgian Bay, Saginaw 

Bay, Green Bav, etc. 
Salmo (Coregonus) harengus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 

210, PI. XC, fig. 2; Georgian Bay at Penetanguishene, Ontario. 
Coregonus clupeifortiius Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 339, the Pic; 

Shallow Bays, Michipicoten Island; not clupeaformis of Mitchill. 
Coregonus alb'us Agassiz, loc. cit., p. 342, the Pic; not of LeSueur. 

385. Leucichthys osmeriformis (Smith). Seneca Lake herring; Seneca Lake 

smelt. 
Lakes of central New York, tributary to Lake Ontario. 
Coregonus hoyi Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 658; not of Gill, 
Coregonus osmeriformis Smith, Bull. U. S. Fish. Com., XIV, 1894, 

PI. I, II, Seneca Lake, Skaneateles Lake, N. Y. 

386. Leucichthys sisco (Jordan). Cisco of Lake Tippecanoe. 

Small lakes of Wisconsin and northern Indiana. 

Argyrosomus sisco Jordan, Amer. Nat., 1875, 135, Lake Tippecanoe 
near Warsaw, Ind. 

387. Leucichthys sisco huronius (Jordan and Evermann). Lake Huron her- 

ring; Blueback or Michigan herring. 
Lakes Huron and Michigan. The common form from which L. sisco 

is derived. 
Argyrosomus huronius Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. b. Nat. Mus., 

XXXVI, March 3, 1909, 167, fig. 2, Port Stanley, Ontario. 

388. Leucichthys ontariensis Jordan and Evermann. 

Lake Ontario and Cayuga Lake, N. Y. 

Coregonus clupeiformis DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes,_ 1842, 248, 

pi. 60, fig. 198, Lake Ontario; not clupeaformis of Mitchill. 
Leucichthys ontariensis Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 

XXIX, 1909 (1911), 13, Lake Ontario and Cayuga Lake, N. Y. 

389. Leucichthys lucidus (Richardson). Great Bear Lake herring. 

Mackenzie River and tributaries; Great Bear Lake and River. 
Salmo {Coregonus) lucidus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 
207, PI. XC, fig. 1, with figure, Great Bear Lake. 

390. Leucichthys laurettae (Bean). Lauretta whitefish. 

Lakes and streams of northern and western Alaska. 
Coregonus laurettx Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 156, Point 
Barrow, Alaska. 

391. Leucichthys alascanus (Scofield). Arctic lake herring. 

Argyrosomus alascanus Scofield, in Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2817, northern Alaska near Bering Straits. 

392. Leucichthys pusillus (Bean). Least lake herring. 

Lakes of Yukon basin and Alaska generally. 

Coregonus pusillus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 526, Kobuk 
River, Alaska. 

393. Leucichthys athabascse Harper and Nichols. Athabasca herring. 

Saskatchewan River. t^ ,, . at xt a 

Leucichthys athabascse Harper and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 
Hist., XLI, 1919, 269, Saskatchewan River. 

394. Leucichthys macrognathus Harper and Nichols. Mackenzie River 

herring. 
Mackenzie River. .,^ ,, . -mi m * 

Leucichthys macrognathus Harper and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 

Hist., XLI, 1919, 269, Mackenzie River. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 63 

395. Leucichthys entomophagus Harper and Nichols. 

Mackenzie River. 

Leucichthys entomophagus Harper and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 
Hist., XLI, 1919, 267, Mackenzie River. 

396. Leucichthys gemmifer Snyder. Cisco of Lake Bonneville. 

Bear River Basin. 

Leucichthys gemmifer Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXVI, 1817-18 
(May 7, 1919), 4, Bear Lake, near Fish Haven, Idaho. 

397. Leucichthys artedi (LeSueur). Lake herring; Erie herring; Common 

lake herring; Grayback. 
Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair; Lake Huron at Port Huron. 
Coregonus artedi LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 231, 

Lake Erie (at Buffalo) and Niagara River (Lewiston). 

398. Leucichthys artedi bisselli (Bollman). Rawson Lake herring; Bissell's 

herring. 
Glacial lakes of southern Michigan once tributary to Lake Erie. 
Coregonus tullibee bisselli Bollman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., VIII, 1888, 

223, Rawson Lake and Howard Lake, Mich. 

399. Leucichthys eriensis (Jordan and Evermann). Jumbo herring; Erie 

great herring. 
Lake Erie and Lake Huron. 
Argyrosomus eriensis Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 

XXXVI, March 3, 1909, 165, fig. 1, Lake Erie at Port Stanley. 

400. Leucichthys reighardi Koelz. 

Lake Michigan. 

Leucichthys reighardi Koelz, Occ. Papers, Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., No 

146, March 22, 1924, 5; Lake Michigan 18 miles off Michigan Cityj 

Ind. 

401. Leucichthys alpenee Koelz. 

Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, including Georgian Bay. 
Leucichthys alpenie Koelz, Occ. Pajjors, ^lus. Zool. Univ. Mich., No. 
146, I. March 22, 1924; Lake Michigan off Isle aux Galets. 

Subgenus CISCO Jordan and Evermann. 

402. Leucichthys supernas Jordan and Evermann. Cisco of Lake Superior. 

Deep waters of Lake Superior. 

Leucichthys supernas Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish 
XXIX, 1909 (1911), 22, Lake Superior. 

403. Leucichthys prognathus (H. M. Smith). Cisco of Lake Ontario; 

Ontario long jaw; Bloater; Chub. 
Deep w'aters of Lake Ontario, in depths of 60 fathoms and more. 
Coregonus prognathus Smith, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 4, pi. 

1, fig. 3, Lake Ontario at Wilson, N. Y. 

404. Leucichthys johannae (Wagner). Lake Michigan cisco; Bloater of 

Lake Michigan. 
Northwestern part of Lake Huron in deep water, and also for the whole 

length of Lake Michigan. 
Argyrosomus johannse Wagner, Science, N. S., XXXI, No. 807, June 

17, 1910, 957-958; Lake Michigan in about 25 fathoms, some 18 

miles off Racine, Wis. 

405. Leucichthys nigripinnis (Gill). Blackfin of Lake Michigan. 

J3ecp waters of Lake Michigan anrl certain small lakes in Wisconsin. 

Argyrosomus nigripinnis Gill, in Hoy, Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci., I, 1872, 
100, Lake Michigan off Racine; name only. 

Coregonus nigripinnis Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 1878, 275; descrip- 
tion. 

406. Leucichthys cyanopterus Jordan and Evermann. 

Deep waters of Lake Superior. 

Leucichthys ryanoplirus Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 
XXIX, 1909 (191 Ij, 27, fig. 13, Lake Superior, off Marquette, Mich. 



64 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

407. Leucichthys hoyi (Gill). Cisco of Lake Michigan; Kiyi; Chub; Mooneye 

Cisco. 
Lake Michigan in deep water. 
Argyrosomus hoyi Gill, in Hoy, Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci., I, 1872, 100, 

Lake Michigan off Racine; no description. 
Argyrosomus hoyi Gill, in Jordan, Amer. Nat., March, 1875, 135, Lake 

Michigan off Racine, Wis.; description same specimens. 

408. Leucichthys kiyi Koelz. Kiyi; Mooneye; Waterbelly. 

Lake Michigan. 

Leucichthys kii/i Koelz, Occ. Papers, Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., No. 104, 

Dae. 31, 1921; Lake Michigan, 12 miles E. by S. of the mouth of 

Sturgeon Bay ship channel in about 60 fathoms. 

409. Leucichthys birsrei Wagasr. Cisco of Green, Lake. 

Green Lake, Wisconsin. 

Leucichthys birgei Waainer, Bull. Wis. Nat. Hist. Soc, IX, 1911, 73, 
Green Lake, Wis., 28 meters below the surface. 

410. Leucichthys zenithicus (Jordan and Evermann). Longjaw of Lake 

Superior. 
Lake Superior, in deep water; possibly in other lakes. 
Argyrosomus hoyi Milner, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1872-73 (1874), 

86, Lake Superior at Outer Island, Wis.; not of Gill, Hoy, or Jordan, 

and not original type. 
Argyrosomus zenithicus Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., XXXVI, March 3, 1909, 169, fig. 3, Lake Superior between 

Duluth and Isle Royale. 

Subgenus ALLOSOMUS Jordan. 

411. Leucichthys manitoulinus Jordan and Evermann. Manitoulin tullibee. 

North channel of Lake Huron, and probably lakes of Minnesota. 
Argrirosomus tullibee, Evermann ar 1 Smith, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XX, 

1894, 320, pi. 28; in part, the plate being tullibee. 
Leucichthys manitoulinus Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 

XXIX, 1909, 31, fig. 16, Blind River, North channel. Lake Huron. 

412. Leucichthys tullibee (Richardson). Tullibee; Tulipi. 

Lake Winnipeg Basin, perhaps entering Lake Superior Basin. 

Saltno {Coregonus) tullibee Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 

201, Cumberland House, Pine Island Lake, near Lake Winnipeg. 
Leucichthys nipigon Koelz, Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., No, 

158, April 6, 1925; Lake Nipigon, Lake Winnipeg. 

Genus 140. COREGONUS Linnaeus. Whitcfishes; Lavarets. 
Coregonus Artedi, Genera Pise, 1738, 9. 

Coregoni Linnccus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 310 {Salmo lavaretus L.). 
Tripteronotus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 48 {T. hautin 

Lacepede = <S'a/mo lavaretus L.). 
Coregonus Lac6p(Me, loc. cit., X, 263 (Salmo lavaretus L.). 
Coregonus Cuvier, Regno Anim. Ed. I, 1817, 162 [thymallus, lavaretus, 

etc.). 

413. Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill). Whitefish; Labrador whitefish; 

Lake Superior whitefish; Manitoba whitefish; Musquaw River white- 
fish; Whiting of Lake Winnepesaukee; Shad of Lake Champlain. 

Great Lakes, excepting Lake Erie; and neighboring waters. 

Saimn clupeaformis Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 321, Falls 
of St. Mary, northern extremity of Lake Huron. 

Sahno Otsego Clinton, account of the Salmo otsego or the Otsego basse, 
1822, 1, with plate, Otsego Lake. 

Coregonus labradoricus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 206, 
Musquaw River, Labrador. 

Salmo (Coregonus) sapidissimus Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 344, 
Lake Superior. 

Salmo latior Agassiz, loc. cit., 348, Lake Superior. 

Coregonus neohantonius Prescott, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XI, 1851, 343, 
Lake Winnepesaukee, N. H. 

^Coregonus richardsonii Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 185, Arctic America. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES • 65 

414. Coregonus clupeaformis albus (LeSueur). Lake Erie whitefish; Common 

ichilefish. 
Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair; Lake Ontario and various lakes to 

western New York and New Hampshire. New York; probably not 

separable from Coregonus dupeaforttiis, although local differences 

appear. 
Coregonus albus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 232, 

Lake Erie. 

415. Coregonus nelsonii Bean. Humpback ivhitefish; Nelson's whitefish. 

Alaska, from Bristol Bay northward. 

Coregonus nelsonii Bean, Proc. \J. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 48, Nulato, 
Alaska. 

Genus 141. PROSOPIUM Milner. 

Prosopium Milner, in Jordan, Man. Vert., cd. 2, 1878. 361 (Coregonus 
quadrilatcralis Richardson). 

416. Prosopium quadrilaterale (Richardson). Menominee whitefish; Pilotfish; 

Round whitefish; Shadwaiter. 
Alaska and upper Great Lakes to New England, in lakes. 
Coregonus quadrilatcralis Richardson, Franklin's Narrative, 1823, 714, 

PI. XXV, fig. 2, Fort Enterprise, British America. 
Coregonus novse-anglix Prescott, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XI, 1851, 342, 

Lake Winnipesaukee, N. H. 

417. Prosopium kennicotti (Milner). Kennicott's whitefish. 

Mackenzie River, Canada; Yukon River and other streams of the 

Alaska region; Lake Bennett, .\laHka. 
Coregonus kennicotti Milner, in Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 298, 

Fort Good Hope, British America. 

418. Prosopium preblei (Harper and Nichols)-. 

Mackenzie River, Canada. 

Coregonus prcbUi Harper and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XLI, 1919, 266, PI. XV, fig. 2, Mackenzie River. 

419. Prosopium stanleyi (Kendall). Stanley's whitefish. 

Lakes of northern Maine. 

Coregonus stanleyi Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 (1904), 
366, with figure, thoroughfare between Mud and Cross Lakes, Aroos- 
took County, ^ie. 

420. Prosopium williamsoni (Girard). Rocky Mountain whitefish. 

Rivers of Sierra .Nevada and west slope of the Rocky Mountains, from 
the Eraser and the Columbia to the Truckee and other streams of 
the Lahontan Basin of Nevada; abundant, especially in lakes of 
northern Idaho, western Montana, Washington, and Utah. 

Coregonus williamsoni Girard, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 
136, Des Chutes River, Oreg. 

421. Prosopium williamsoni cismontanus (Jordan). Yellowstone whitefish. 

Streams of the Rocky Mountain region tributary to the upper Missouri. 
Coregonus williammni cismontanus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 

1889, 49, pi. 9, figs. 8, 9, Horsethief Creek, Madison River, Mont. 

Hardly distinct from P. williamsoni. 

422. Prosopium coulteri (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). Coulter's whitefish. 

Headwaters of the C()hinit)ia. 

Coregonus coulteri Eigeimiann and Eigenmann, ,\mcr. Nat., Nov., 1892, 
961, Kicking Horse; River at Field, British Columbia. 

423. Prosopium couesi (Milner). 

Headwaters (^f ,S;isi<atchewan River. 

Coregonus couesi Milner, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1872-73 (1874), 
88, Chief Mountain Lake, Mont. 

424. Prosopium spilonotus (Snyder). Bonneville whitefish. 

Bear River Basin. 

Coregonus spilonotus Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXVI, 1917-18 
(Alay 7, 1919), 6, Bear Lake, near Fish Haven, Idaho. 



66 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

4Q5. Prosopium abyssicola (.Snyder). Bear Lake ichitefish. 
Bear Lake, Idaho. 

Coregonus abyssicola Snvder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXVI, 1917-18 
(May 7, 1919), 8, Bear Lake, near Fish Haven, Idaho. 

Genus 142. IRILLION Jordan. 

Irillion Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXX, 1918, 342 {Coregonus 
oregonius Jordan and Snyder). 

426. Irillion oregonius (Jordan and Snyder). Chiselmouth jack. 

Mountain streams of Oregon tributary to the Columbia. 
Coregonus oregonius Jordan and Snyder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXXVI, 
1911, 425, with fig., McKenzie River, Oreg. 

Family 49. THYMALLIDJE. Graylings 

Genus 143. THYM ALIUS Cuvier. Graylings. 

Thyinullus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 306 (Salnio ihymallus 

Linnff us) ; not Thymalus Latreille, 1802, a genus of Coleoptera. 
Choregon Minding, Lehrbuch Naturgesch. Fische, 1832, 119 {Salmo 

thymallus L.) substitute for Thymallus, regarded as preoccupied. 
Orthocolus Gistel, Thierreich, 1848, XI, 1838 {Salmo thymallus L.); 

substitute for Thymnllus, regarded as preoccupied. 

427. Thymallus signifer (Richardson). Arctic grayling; Poisson bleu. 

Mackenzie River to Alaska and the Arctic Ocean. 

Coregonus signifer Richardson, Franklin's Jour., 1823, 711; Winter 

Lake near Fort Enterprise. 
Coregonus thymalloides Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836. 714, 

Winter River. 

428. Thymallus tricolor Cope. Michigan grayling. 

Streams of northern Michigan; formerly abundant in Au Sable River, 
Jordan River, and other streams in the southern peninsula, and 
Otter Creek, near Keweenaw, in the northern peninsula. 

IThymallus ontariensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
XXI, 1848, 452; said to have been brought by Milbert from Lake 
Ontario; most likelv from Lake Geneva, Switzerland. 

Thymallus tricolor Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 80, 
Au Sable River, Mich. 

429. Thymallus montanus Milner. Montana grayling. A hardy and attrac- 

tive aquarium fish. 
Madison and Gallatin Rivers, Montana. 
Thymallus montanus Milner, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1872-73 (1874), 

741, tributary of Missouri River at Camp Baker. 

Family 50. OSMERID.a:. Smelts 

Genus 144. MALLOTUS Cuvier. Capelins. 

Mallotus Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 305 {Clupea villosa 

Muller). 

430. Mallotus villosus (Miiller). Capelin; Lodde. 

Arctic America, south to Cape Cod and southern Alaska; Kamchatka. 
Clupea villosa Muller, Prodr. Zool. Dan., 1777, 245, Greenland. 
Salmo arcticus Fabricius, Fauna Groenlandica, 1780, 177, Greenland. 
Salmo gronlandicus Bloch, Ichthyologie, VIII, 1794, pi. 99, Greenland. 
Salmo socialis Pallas, Zoogr. Ross.-Asiat., Ill, 389, islands between 

Asia and America. 
Osmerus microdon Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXI, 

1848, 385, no locality. 

Genus 145. THALEICHTHYS Girard. Eulachon. 

Thaleichthys Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, Fishes, 325 {T. stevensi 
G\Tard = Salmo (Mallotus) pacificus Richardson). 

431. Thaleichthys pacificus (Richardson). Eulachon; Candlefish; Oolachan. 

Oregon to Alaska. 

Salmo {Mallotus) pacificus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 

226, Columbia River. 
Thaleichthys .stevensi Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 325, pi. 75, 

figs. 1-4, Puget Sound. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 67 

432. Thaleichthys albatrossis (Jordan and Gilbert). Kodiak smelt. 

OS Kodiak Island, Alaska. 

Osmerus albatrossis Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, 

Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2823, Kodiak Island; probably 

not distinct from Thaleichthys pacificus. 

Genus 146. SPIRINCHUS Jordan and Evermann. 

Spirinchus Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., I, 
1896, 522 {Osmerus thaleichthys Ayres). 

433. Spirinchus thaleichthys (Ayres). 

Pacific coast of America from San Francisco northward to Bristol Bay, 

Alaska. 
Osmerus thaleichthys Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1860, 62, 

San Francisco. 

Genus 147. ALIOSMERUS Hubbs. 

Allosmerus Hubbs, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXXVIII, 1925, 53 {Osmerus 

attenuatus Lockiiigton). 

434. Allosmerus attenuatus (Lockington) . 

Coast of California, from San Francisco northward. 
Osmerus attenuatus Lockington, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 66, 
San Francisco. 

Genus 148. OSMERUS lacepede. Smells. 

Osmerus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 229 (Salmo eperlanus L.). 
Eperlanus Gaimard, Voy. Island and Greenland, 1851 (Salmo eper- 
Inrtiis L.) . 

435. Osmerus dentex Steindachner. Rainbow herring. 

Coast of Alaska and south on the Asiatic coast to northern China. 
Osmerus dentex Steindachner, Sitzungsb. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, LXI, 
1870, 420, northern China. 

436. Osmerus mordax (Mitchill). American smell; Icefish. 

Atlantic coast of United States, from Virginia northward to Gulf of 
St. Lawrence; Lakes Champlain and Mcmphremagog. 

Atherina mordax Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 446, 
New York. 

Osmerus viridescens LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 230, 
coast of Maine. 

437. Osmerus mordax spectrum (Cope). Wilton smelt. 

Wilton Pond, Kcnnolicc County, Me. 

Ostnerus spectrum Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 490, Wilton 
Pond, Kennebec County, Me. 

438. Osmerus mordax abbotti (Cope). Cobessicontic smelt. 

Landlockofl in Cobessicontic Lake, Kennebec County, Me. 
Osmerus abbotti Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 490, Cobessi- 
contic Lake, Me. 

439. Osmerus sergeant! " Norris. 

New York Bay and southward. 

Osmerus snrqcnnli Norris, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XX, 1868, 93, 
Schuylkill River, N. J. 

Genus 149. HYPOMESUS Gill. Surf smelts. 

Mesopus 23 Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 14 {Argentina 

pretiosa Girard). 
Hypomesus Gill, loc. cit., 15 {Argentina pretiosa Girard). 

440. Hypomesus pretiosus (Girard). Surf smelt. 

Coast of California and Oregon, from Monterey northward. 

Argentina pretiosa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 155, 

San Francisco. 
Osmerus elongalus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 17, San 

Franci-sco. 

" The flsh is deKcribed, hut not namod, in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 18fll, .18. It is named in 
Proc. Acad. N'at. .Sci. Phila., XX, IHf.H, V-i. 

^ AfetopuK, a namp left in ty(>c throufi,'h failure to correct proof sheets. Hypomesus of same date, a page 
lower, chosen by author as name. 



68 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

441. Hypomesus olidus (Pallas). Pond smelt. 

Alaska and Kamchatka. 

Salmo [Osmerus) olidus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.- Asiat., Ill, 1811, 391, 

lakes and rivers of Kamchatka. 
lOsmerus oligodon Kner, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 1865, 185, tab. 

4, fig. 1. 

Genus 150. THEROBROMUS Lucas. Ghost smelts. 

Therobro77ius Lucas, in Jordan and Gilbert, Fishes of Bering Sea, 1898, 
440 (T. callorhini Lucas). 

442. Therobromus callorhini Lucas. Ghost smelt. 

Bering Sea. 

Therobromus callorhini Lucas, in Jordan and Gilbert, Fishes of Bering 
Sea, in Jordan, Fur Seals and Fur-Seal Islands, Pt. Ill, 1898, 440, 
Bering Sea, in southern portion; known only from skeletons and 
bones found in the stomachs of fur seals. 

Family 51. ARGENTINIDiE. Argentines 

Genus 151. ARGENTINA Linnaeus. Arge7itines. 

Argentina (Artedi) Linnseus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 315 {A. sphyrsena 

L.). 
Silus Reinhardt, Bemserk., Skandinav. Ichthy., 1833, 11 {Argentina silus 

Ascanius). 
Acantholepis Kroyer, Danmarks Fiske, III, 1846-49, 98 {Argentina silus 

Ascanius). 

443. Argentina silus Ascanius. 

Northern Europe; occasionally taken on the Grand Banks and off the 

coast of Maine. 
Argentina silus Ascanius, Icon. Rev. Nat., 1763, PI. Ill, 3, 24. Norway. 
Silus ascanii Reinhardt, Bemserk., Skandinav. Ichth., 1833, 11, Norway. 
Argentina syrtensium Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 

261, off Sable Island in 200 fathoms; from stomach of Phycis tenuis. 

444. Argentina striata Goode and Bean. 

Gulf of Mexico. 

Argentina striata Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 52, fig. 62, 

Gulf Stream. 

445. Argentina sialis Gilbert. 

Coast of California. 

Argentina sialis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 56, Albatross 
station 3017 in 5S fathoms. 

Genus 152. LEUROGLOSSUS Gilbert. 

Leuroglossus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 57 (L. stilbius 
Gilbert). 

446. Leuroglossus stilbius Gilbert. 

Coast of California, in deep water. 

Leuroglossus stilbius Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 57, 
from Albatross stations 2997 and 2998 in 221 and 40 fathoms. 

Family 52. MICROSTOMID.S 

Genus 153. NANSENIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Nansenia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
528 (Microstomus granlandica Reinhardt). 

447. Nansenia groenlandica (Reinhardt). 

Greenland. 

Microstomus groenlandica Reinhardt, Vidensk. Selsk._Naturv. Math. 
Afhandl., VIII, 1841, LXXIV, Greenland. 

Family 53. BATHYLAGID.ffi 

Genus 154. BATHYLAGUS Giinther. 

Bathylagiis Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 248 {B. antarcticui 
Giinther). 



CHECK LIST OP FISHES 69 

448. Bathylagus benedicti Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Bathylagus benedicti Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 55, fig. 64, 

Gulf Stream. 

449. Bathylagus euryops Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Bathylagus euryops Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 55, fig 63, 
Gulf Stream, in about lat. 40° N. and long. 70° W. 

450. Bathylagus pacificus Gilbert. 

Coast of Washington, in deep water. 

Bathylagus pacificus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 55, 
Albatross stations 3071 and 3074, off coast of Washington. 

451. Bathylagus borealis Gilbert. 

Coast of Alaska, in deep water. 

Bathylagus borealis Gilbert, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 (1896), 

402, north of Unalaska Island at Albatross station 3327 in 322 

fathoms. 

452. Bathylagus milleri Jordan and Gilbert. 

Off coast of southern California in deep water. 

Bathylagus milleri Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes 
North and Mid. Amer., 1898. 2825, Cortez Banks, off San Diego, Calif. 

Genus 155. XENOPHTHALMICHTHYS Regan. 

Xenophthalmichthys Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9, XV, 1925, 59 

(A', dans' Regan). 

453. Xenophthalmichthys danse Regan. 

Depths of the Caribbean Sea. 

Xenophthalmichthys danae Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9, XV, 
1925, 59, off Santa Lucia in deep water. 

Suborder STOMIATIOIDEI 

Family 54. STOMIATID.E 

Genus 156. STOMIAS Cuvier. 

Stomias Cuvier, Rdgne Anim.. Ed. I, 1817, 184 (Esox hoa Risso). 

454. Stomias ferox Reinhardt. 

Greenland and southward; Gulf Stream, from Bahama Channel to the 

Grand Banks. 
Stomias ferox Reinhardt, Vidensk. Selsk. Naturv. Math. Afhandl., X, 

1842, 77, Greenland. 

455. Stomias afflnis Giinther. 

Sombrero Island, West Indies. 

Stomias affinis Giinther, Challenger Rept., XXII, 1887, 205, PI. LIV, 
Fig. A; Sombrero Island, West Indies. 

456. Stomias colubrinus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Stomias colubrinus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

275, PI. LVII, fig. 7, station 3360, lat. 6° 17' N., long. 82° 5' W. in 

1,672 fathoms. 

457. Stomias hexagonatus Garman. 

Eastern tropical Pacific in deep water. 

Stomias hexagonatus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
PI. LVI, fig. 5; various stations in the Pacific. 

458. Stomias atriventer Garman. 

Eastern Pacific in deep water. 

Stomias atriventer Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 277, 

PI. LVI, fig. 4, Albatross station 3433, lat. 25° 76' 15" N., long. 109° 

48' W., in 1,218 fathoms. 

Genus 157. DACTYLOSTOMIAS Garman. 

Daclylostomias Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 279 
(D. filifer Garman). 



70 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

459. Dactylostomias filifer Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Dactylostomias filifer Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
279, PI. LVI, fig. 6, Albatross stations 3413, 3414, and 3418. 

Genus 158. ZASTOMIAS Gilbert. 

Zastomias Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 1915, 322 (Z. scin- 
iillans Gilbert). 

460. Zastomias scintillans Gilbert. 

Coast of California; Monterey Bav in deep water. 

Zastomias sciJitillans Gilbert,' Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 1915, 
322, pi. 15, off Monterey Bay, Calif. 

Genus 159. ECHIOSTOMA Lowe. 

Echiostoma Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1843, 87 (E. barbatum Lowe). 
Hyperchoristus Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 256 (//. tanneri = 
Echiostoma barbatum) . 

461. Echiostoma barbatum Lowe. 

Madeira; Gloucester, Mass.; and southward in the Gulf Stream to the 

old Bahama Channel. 
Echiostoma barbatum Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1843, 88, Madeira. 
Hyperchoristus tanneri Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 256, 

Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2083, at 40° 26' 40" N., 60° 58' 

W., in 956 fathoms. 

462. Echiostoma margaritum Goode and Bean. 

Middle of the Gulf of Mexico. 

Echiostoma. margarita Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 109, fig, 
131, Gulf of Mexico. 

Genus 160. GRAMMATOSTOMIAS Goode and Bean. 

Grammatostomias Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 110 {G. 
denlalus Goode and Bean). 

463. Grammatostomias dentatus Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Grammatosto7nias dentatus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 
110, fig. 133, Gulf Stream. 

Genus 161. PHOTONECTES Gunther. 

Lucifer Doderlein, Weigmann's Archiv, 1882, 26 (L. albipinnis Doder- 

lein) ; name preoccupied in Crustacea. 
Photonectes Glinther, Challenger Rept., XXII, 1887, 212 (L. albipinnis 
Doderlein). 

464. Photonectes gracilis Goode and Bean. 

Martini(|ue. 

Photonectes gracilis Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 112, fig. 137, 
off Martinique at Blake station XL in 472 fathoms. 

Family 55. IDIACANTHID^E. 

Genus 162. IDIACANTHUS Peters. 

Idiacanthus Peters, Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1876, 84Q (I . fasciola 

Peters) . 
Bathyophis Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5, II, 1878, 181 (fi. 
fcrox (iiiiither). 

465. Idiacanthus ferox ("Giinther). 

North Atlantic, nearly midway, in 2,750 fathoms. 

Bathyophis ferox Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5, II, 1878, 181, 
middle of North Atlantic in 2,750 fathoms. 

466. Idiacanthus antrostomus Gilbert. 

Coast of southern California in deep water. 

Idiacanthus antrostomus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 
54, off southern California, at Albatross station 2980 in 603 fathoms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 71 

Family 56. MALACOSTEID^ 

Genus 163. MALACOSTEUS Ayres. 

Malacosteus Ayres, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1849, 53 (M. niger 

Ayres) . 

467. Malacosteus niger Ayres. 

Open sea; Gulf Stream and southward to Barbados. 
Malacosteus niger Avres, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1849, 53, Gulf 
Stream, 42° N., 60° W. 

Family 57. ASTEONESTHIDiE 

Genus 164. ASTRONESTHES Richardson. 

Astronesthes Richardson, Ichth. Voy. Sulphur, 1845, 97 (A. nigra, 

Richardson). 
Pharnodon Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., XVIII, 1850, 250 (P. ringens 
Lowe) . 

468. Astronesthes richardsoni (Poey). 

Deep waters of West Indies; Indian and Pacific Oceans. 
Chanliodus richardsoni Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 176, Cuba. 

469. Astronesthes gemmifer Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Astronesthes gemmifer Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 105, 

fig. 124, Grand Banks, lat. 44° 25' N., long 53° 12' W., in 300 fathoms, 

in halibut stomach. 

470. Astronesthes niger Richardson. 

Deep waters of all .seas. 

Astronesthes niger Richardson, Ichth. Voy. Sulphur, 1845, 97, Atlantic. 

Family 58. STYLOPTHALMID.^: 

Genus 165. STYLOPTHALMUS Brauer. 

Stylopthalmus Brauer, Zool. Anzciger, XXV, 1902, 298 {S. paradoxus 
Brauer) . 

471. Stylophthalmus paradoxus Brauer. 

Open soa, north to southern C'aHfornia (San Pedro, W. F. Thompson). 
Stylophthalmus paradoxus Brauer, Tiefseefischc Valdivia Exped. (Zool. 

Anzeiger, XXV), 1902, 298; deep sea off the Cape of Good Hope 

and the Indian Ocean. 

Family 59. CHAULIODONTIDiE 

Genus 166. CHAULIODUS Bloch and Schneider. 

Chauliodus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichtli., 1801, 430 (C. sloani 

Bloch and Schneider). 
Leplodes Swainson, Nat. Hist. Anim., II, 298 {Chauliodes sloani Bloch 

and Schneider). 

472. Chauliodus sloani Bloch and Schneider. 

Mediterranean and deep waters of the Atlantic; Georges Banks. 
Chauliodus sloani Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 430, Atlantic; 
after Vi])era marina of Catesby. 

473. Chauliodus macouni Bean. 

Coast of California to British Columbia and Queen Charlotte Islands. 
Chauliodus macouni Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 44, off 
Cape St. James, Queen Charlotte Islands. 

474. Chauliodus barbatus Garman. 

<)\X Pacific coast of Panama. 

Chauliodus barhatus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
271, PI. K, figs. 2, 2a; off Panama. 



72 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Family 60. GONOSTOMID^ 

Genus 167. GONOSTOMA Rafinesque. 

Gonostoma Rafinesque, Iiidice, IS 10, 64 (G. denudatum Rafinesque). 

475. Gonostoma denudatum Rafinesque. 

Gulf of Mexico at Albatross station 2665; off Morocco and Cape 

Verdes; Mediterranean Sea. 
Gonostoma denudata Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 65, Palermo. 

Genus 168. ZAPHOTIAS Goods and Bean. 

Bonapartia Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 102 (B. pcdaliota 

Goode and Bean) ; name preoccupied. 
Zaphotias Goode and Bean, in Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and 

Mid. Amer., 1898, 2826 [Bonapartia pedaliota Goode and Bean). 

476. Zaphotias pedaliotus (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf Stream. 

Bonapartia pedaliota Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 102, fig. 

120, Albatross station 2642, in 25° 20' 30" N. Lat., 79° 58' W. Long., 
depth 217 fathoms. 

Genus 169. CYCLOTHONE Goode and Bean. 

Cyclothone Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, No. 5, 1883, 

221 (C. lusca Goode and Bean). 
Sigmops Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 256 (S. stigmatiais Gill). 
Neostoma Filhol, La Nature, 1884, 184 (N. bathyphilum Pllhol). 

Subgenus CYCLOTHONE Goode and Bean. 

477. Cyclothone microdon (Giinther). 

Bermuda; Atlantic, Pacific, and Antarctic Oceans; Pacific coast from 

Oregon to Panama. 
Gonostoma microdon Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 188, 

near Bermuda. 
Cyclothone lusca Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, No. 5, 

1883, 221, Gulf Stream. 

478. Cyclothone bathyphila Vaillant. 

Gulf of Gascony and off the Azores; western Atlantic. 

Neostoma bathyphilum Filhol, La Nature, 1884, 184; name and 

rough figure only. 
Cyclothone bathyphila Vaillant, Expcd. Sci. Travailleur et Talisman, 

Polssons, 1888, 96, pi. 8, Cgs. 1, la: Gulf of Gascony, Azores. 

479. Cyclothone acclinidens Garman. 

Off California in deep water. 

Cyclothone acclinidens Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
247, PI. T, fig. 4; numerous stations of Albatross olf California coast. 

480. Cyclothone signata Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Cyclothone signata Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
246, PI. T, fig. 3; Albatross station 3382, oflf Panama. 

Subgenus SIGMOPS Gill. 

481. Cyclothone elongata (Giinther). 

New Guinea; Banda; American coast; Gulf Stream; Indian Ocean. 
Gonostoma clongatum Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 187, 

New Guinea; Banda. 
Sigmops stigmaticus Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 256, Gulf 

Stream, in 38° 19' 26" N., 68° 20' 20" W. 

Genus 170. YARRELLA Goode and Bean. 

Yarrella Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 103 (F. blackfordi 
Goode and Bean). 

482. Yarrella blackfordi Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Yarrella blackfordi Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 103, fig. 

121, Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2376, in 324 fathoms. 

Genus 171. LYCHNOPOLES Garman. 

Lychnopoles Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 244 
(L. argenteolus Garman) . 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 73 

483. Lychnopoles argenteolus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Lychnopoles argenteolus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899. 244, PI. LIII, figs. 4, 4a; off Panama. 

Family 61. MAUROLICID.a: 

Genus 172. MAUROLICUS Cocco. 

Maurolicus Cocco, Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat., II, 1838, 32 (M. amethystino 
punctatus Cocco). 

484. Maurolicus pennanti (Walbaum). Pearlsides. 

Open seas, widely distributed; New England coast at Nahant, Province- 
town, Woods Hole, etc. 

Argentina pennanti Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 47, England; after 
"sheppy Argentine" of Pennant. 

485. Maurolicus oculatus Garman. 

Deep water off Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Maurolicus oculatxis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
241, PI. LIII, fig. 3; off Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Genus 173. VINCIGUERRIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Vinciguerria Jordan and Evermann, in Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 

1895, 513 (F. attenuata Cocco). 

Zalarges Jordan and Williams, in Jordan and Starks, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., ser. 2, V, 1895, 793 {Z. nimbarius Jordan and Williams). 

486. Vinciguerria attenuata (Cocco). 

Open Atlantic, west to the Bahama regions. 

Maurolicus attenuatus Cocco, Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat., II, 1838, 33, coast 
of Italy. 

487. Vinciguerria lucetia (Garman). 

Eastern Pacific, in deep water. 

Maurolicus lucetius Garman, Deep Sea Fishes, in Mem. Mus. Comp. 

Zool., XXIV, 1899, 242, PI. T, fig. 2; various Albatross stations, 

eastern Pacific. 

488. Vinciguerria nirabaria (Jordan and Williams). 

Open sea between Oregon and Hawaii. 

Zalarges nimbarius Jordan and Williams, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 2, 
V, 1895 (1896). 793, open Pacific. 

Genus 174. VALENCIENNELLUS Jordan and Evermann. 

V alcnciennellus Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 

1896, 577 {Maurolicus tripunctulatus Esmark). 

489. Valenciennelus tripunctulatus (Liitken). 

Madagascar; Denmark Straits between Greenland and Iceland. 
Maurolicus tripunctulatus Esmark, Christiania Vid. Selsk. Forh., 1870, 
488, Madagascar. 

490. Valenciennellus stellatus Garman. 

Deep water off California. 

Valcncienriellus stellatus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, 239, PI. LIII, fig. 2; off California coast, lat. 30° 31' 35" N., 

long. 140° 5' 30" W. in 300 fathoms. 

Family 62. STERNOPTICHID.ffi 

Genus 175. STERNOPTIX Herrmann. 

Sternoptix Herrmann, Naturforscher, 2 Stiick, XVI, 1781, 8 (5. diaphana 

Herrmann). 
Sternnptyx, authors' amended spelling. 

491. Sternoptix obscura (Garman). 

Eastern Pacific in deep water. 

Ulernoptyx obscura Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

232, PI. LIII, fig. 1; numeroiiR stations in ea.stern Pacific in depths 

ranging from 421 to 1,823 fathoms. 



74 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

492. Sternoptix diaphana Herrmann. 

Atlantic; Gulf Stream, from Santa Cruz Island to the Grand Banks. 
Sternoptix diaphana Herrmann, Naturforscher, XVI, 1781, 8, Jamaica. 

Genus 176. ARGYROPELECUS Cocco. 

Argyropelecus Cocco, Arch, del R. Acad. Peloritano, 1829, 146 {A. hemi- 

gymnus Cocco). 
Pleurothyris Lowe, Hist. Fish. Madeira, 1843, 64 (Sternoptyx olfersi 

Cuvier) . 

493. Argyropelecus hemigymnus Cocco. 

Atlantic and Mediterranean; Gulf Stream off Southern New England. 
Argyropelecus hemigymnus Cocco, Arch, del R. Acad. Peloritano, 1829, 

i46, coast of Italy. 
Sternoptyx mediterraneus Cocco, Giorn. Faro de Messina, IV, 1838, 7, 

coast of Italy. 

494. Argyropelecus olfersi (Cuvier). 

Open Atlantic; coast of Norway to Brazil and Cape of Good Hope; 

Grand Banks southward in the Gulf Stream. 
Sternoptyx olfersi Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 316, near Cape 

of Good Hope. 
Argyropelecus durvillii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XXII, 1849, 405, open Atlantic. 

495. Argyropelecus lychnus Garman. 

Western Pacific in deep water. 

Argyropelecus lychnus Garman, Deep Sea Fishes, in Mem. Mus. Comp. 

Zool., XXIV, 1899, 234, PI. T, fig. 1, 16; many stations in eastern 

Pacific. 

496. Argyropelecus afRnis Garman. 

Tropical Atlantic in deep water. 

Argyropelecus affinis Garman, Deep Sea Fishes, in Mem., Mus. Comp. 

Zool., XXIV, 1899, 237; sta. 2117, N. lat. 15° 24' 40", W. long. 

63° 31' 30", in 683 fathoms. 

Genus 177. POLYIPNUS Gunther. 

Polylpnus Gunther, Challenger Rept., 1887, 170 (P. spinosus Giinther). 

497. Polyipnus laternatus Garman. 

OfT Barbados. 

Polyipnus laternatus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
238; Blake station 280, off Barbados in 221 fathoms. 

498. Polyipnus spinosus Gunther. 

Gulf of Mexico; between the Philippines and Borneo. 
Polyipnus spinosus Gunther, Challenger Rept., XXII, 1887, 170, from 
the surface near the Philippine Islands. 

Order 0. LYOPOMI 

Family 63. HALOSAURID.® 

Genus 178. HALOSAURUS Johnson. 

Halosaurus Johnson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XIV, 1863, 74 (H. oweni 

(ovenii) Johnson). 
Halosaurirhthys Alcock, loc. cit., 1889, 454, (H. carinicauda Alcock). 

499. Halosaurus giintheri Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Halosaurus giintheri Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 131, Gulf 
Stream, in lat. 39° 13' N., long. 72° 1' W., Albatross stsition 2722. 

500. Halosaurus radiatus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Halosaurus radiatus Garman, Deep Sea Fishes, in Mem. Mus. Comp. 

Zool., XXIV, 1899, 298, PI. LX, figs. 2, 2a, PI. LXXXIV, figs. 3-6; 

several stations off Panama in depths from 259 to 511 fathoms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 75 

501. Halosaurus attenuatus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Halosaurus attenuatus Garman. Deep Sea Fishes, in Mem. Mus. Comp. 
Zool.. XXIV, 1899, 296, PI. LX. figs. 1, la, Albatross station 3413, 
lat. 2° 34' N., long. 92° 06' W., in 1,360 fatlioms. 

Genus 179. AIDROVANDIA Goode and Bean. 

Aldrovandia Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 132 {Halosaurus 

rostrata Giinther). 
Halosauropsis CoUett, Poiss. Prov. Comp. V Hirondelle, Fasc. *X., 

Monaco, 1896, 143 {Halosaurus macrochir). 

502. Aldrovandia rostrata (Giinther). 

Mid- Atlantic. 

Halosaurus rostratus Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 252, 
Mid-Atlantic. 

503. Aldrovandia macrochir (Giinther). 

Marion Island; Blake stations 308 and 325. 

Halosaurus macrochir Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 251, 
between Cape of Good Hope and Kergvielen Island. 

504. Aldrovandia goodei (Gill). 

Gulf Stream, at Albatross stations 2037 in 1,731 fathoms; 2051 in 1,106 
fathoms; 2035 in 1,362 fathoms, and 2052 in 1,098 fathoms.' 

Halosaurus goodei Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 257, Gulf 
Stream off South Carolina. 

505. Aldrovandia gracilis Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream and Gulf of Mexico. 

Aldrovandia gracilis Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 134, fig. 

157, off Guadeloupe and in Gulf Stream at Albatross stations 2380 

and 2381. 

606. Aldrovandia pallida Goode and Bean. 
Gulf of Mexico, in deep water. 

Aldrorandia pallida Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 135, fig, 158, 
Gulf of Mexico, at Albatross station 173. 

Order P. HETEROMI. Spiny eels 

Family 64. LIPOGENYIDiE 

Genus 180. IIPOGENYS Goode and Bean. 

Lipogrni/s (Jdodc aiul Bean, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., XVII, 1804 (1895), 
469 (/>. gillii Goode and Bean). 

507. Lipogenys gillii Goode and Bean 

Gulf Stream. 

Lipogrni/s gillii Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894 

(189.5), 469, 1)1. 18, fig. 3, and in Oceanic Ichth., 173, 1895, station 

2742, Gulf Stream. 

Family 65. NOTACANTHID^ 

Genus 181. NOTACANTHUS Bloch. 

\otacanthus Bloch. Al)liandl., Bohmischen Gesellsch. Wiss., I, 1787, 

278 (.V. chemnitzi Bloch). 
Acanthonotus Bloch, Ichthyologia, XII, 1797, 113 {A. nasus Bloch=:^^ 

chemnitzi Bloch). 
Campyloinn (Fabrcius, 1798) Reinhardt, Vidensk. Selsk. Naturv. Math. 

Afhandl., ]83,s, 120 {C. fabricii Reinhardt). 

508. Notacanthus chemnitzi Bloch. 

Greenland; West Indies; Iceland; Scandinavia; South Greenland. 
Notacanthus chemnitzi Bloch, Ahhandl., Bohmischen Gesellsch. Wiss., 

I, 1787, 278, northern seas. 
Notacanthus nasus Bloch, Ichthyologia, XII, 1795, 113, j)l. 431, "India." 
Campylodon fabricii Reinhardt, Vidensk. Selsk. Naturv. Math. Afhandl., 

1838, 120, Greenland. 



76 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

509. Notacanthus analis Gill. 

Gulf Stream. 

Notacanthus analis Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 255, lat. 40° 

N., long. 69° W., Albatross stations 2677 in 478 fathoms and 2676 in 

407 fathoms. 

510. Notacanthus phasganorus Goode. 

Grand Banks, Newfoundland. 

Notacanthus phasganorus Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 535, 
Grand Banks of Newfoundland. 

611. Notacanthus spinosus Garman. 
Off Panama. 
Notacanthus spinosus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, XXIV, 1899, 

301, PI. L, figs. 4, 4a, 4b; Albatross stations 3384 and 3354, 322 and 

458 fathoms. 

Genus 182. POLYACANTHONOTUS Bleeker. 

Polyacanthonotus Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam (2), VIII, 368 

{Notacanthus rissoanus Filippi and Verany). 
Zanotacanthus Gill, Johnson's Cyclopaedia, III, 1876, 883 {Notacanthus 

rissoanus Fihppi and Veranv). 
Macdonaldia Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894 

(1895), 467 {Notacanthus rostratus CoUett). 

512. Polyacanthonotus challenger! (Vaillant). 

5sorth Pacific and Bering Sea. 

Notacanthus rissoanus Giinther, Fishes, Challenger, XXII, Part LVII, 

PI. LXI, fig. 13 (not of Fihppi and Verany). 
Notacanthus challengeri Vaillant, Exp^d. Sci. Travailleur et Talisman, 

1888, south of Yeddo; based on Giinther's description. 

513. Polyacanthonotus rostratus (Collett). 

Gulf Stream. 

Notacanthus rostratus Collett, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 1889, 307, off 

Newfoundland, at Albatross station 2216 in 963 fathoms, and station 

2553 in 551 fathoms. 

Order Q. SYMBRANCHIA. Symbranchoid eels 
Suborder HOLOSTOMI 

Family 66. SYNBRANCHID^ 

Genus 183. SYNBRANCHUS Bloch. 

Synbranchus Bloch, Ichthyologia, IX, 1795, 87 {Synbranchus marmoratus 

Bloch). 
U nibranchaptura Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 658 {Synbranchus 

marmoratus) . 
Ophisternon McClelland, Calcutta Jour. Nat. Hist., V, 1845, 197 (0. 

Tetrabranchus' Bleeker, Nat. Tijds. Ned. Ind., II, 1862, 69 {T. microp- 

th»lmus McClelland). 
Symbranchus of authors generally; corrected spelling. 

514. Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch. 

Tropical America, in streams from the Amazon northward to southern 

Mexico and St. Lucia; generally abundant; recorded northward from 

Vera Cruz, Trinidad, St. Lucia, Lake Peton, Huamuchal, Rio Chisoy, 

etc. 
Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch, Ichthyologia, IX, 1795, 87, pi. 418, 

tropical America. 
Synbranchus immaculatus Bloch, loc. cit., pi. 419, fig. 1. 
Synbranchus transversalis Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., 1801, 524, 

Guinea; after Gronow. 
Unibranchapertura grisea, marmorata, immaculata, and lineata Lac6p6de, 

Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 658, Surinam. 
Synbranchus fuliginosus Ranzani, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Bonon, IV, 

1840, 75, pi. 11, fig. 1, Brazil. 
Murxna lumbricus Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 18, Sea of Guinea. 
Symobranchus vittatus Castelnau, Anim. Amer. Sud, Poiss., 84, 1855; 

pi. 44, fig. 3, Rio de Janeiro. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 77 

Order R. CARENCHELI. Long-necked eels 

Family 67. DERICHTHYID^ 

Genus 184. DERICHTHYS Gill. 

Derichthys Gill, Amer. Nat., XVIII, 1884, 433 {D. serpentinus Gill). 

515. Derichthys serpentinus Gill. 

Gulf Stream. 

Derichthys serpentinus Gill, Am. Nat., XVIII, 1884, 433, Gulf Stream 
at Albatross station 2094 in 1,022 fathoms. 

Genus 185. GORGASIA Meek and Hildebrand. 

Gorgasia Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, 1923, 
133 {G. punctata Meek and Hildebrand). 

516. Gorgasia punctata Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Gorgasia punctata Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 1923, 133, Chame Point, Panama. 

Order S. APODES 

Suborder ENCHELYCEPHALI 

Series ANGUILLOIDEI 

Family 68. ANGUILLID^. True eels 

Genus 186. ANGUILLA Shaw. Eels. 

Anguilla Shaw, Gen. Zool., IV, 1803, 15 (A. anguilla). 

Murxna Bleeker, Poey, etc. (taking as type Murxna anguilla, the first 

.species mentioned bv .\rtecli under Mursena). 
Tribranchus (Peters) "MuUer, Abhandl., Akad. Wiss. Berhn, 1844 (T. 

anguillaris Feters^^ Anguilla australis Rich). 

617. Anguilla rostrata (LeSueur). American eel; Fresh-xcater eel. 

Atlantic coast of the United States; very abundant from Maine to 
Mexico, ascending all rivers south of Canada and east of the Rocky 
Mountains, individuals .sometimes resident throughout the Missis- 
sippi Valley; common in the West Indies. 

Murxna rostrata LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1817, 81, Cayuga 
Lake. 

Murxna bostonensis LeSueur, loc. cit., 81, Boston. 

Murxna serpentina LeSueur, loc. cit., 82, Newport, R. I. 

Mursena macrocephala LeSueur, loc. cit., 82, Saratoga, N. Y. 

Mursena argentea LeSueur, loc. cit., 82, Boston Bay. 

Anguilla chrysypa Rafinesque, Atner. Month. Mag. and Crit. Rev., 
1817, 120, Lake George; Hudson River; Lake Champlain. 

Anguilla blephura Rafinesque, loc. cit., 120, Long Island. 

Anguilla laticauda Rafinesque, loc. cit., 445, Ohio River. 

Anguilla aterrima Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohicnsis, 1820, 78, Tennessee and 
Cumberland Rivers. 

Anguilla xanthomelas Rafinesque, loc. cit., 78, Ohio River. 

Anguilla lutea Rafinesque, loc. cit., 78, Ohio River. 

Anguilla tenuirostris DeKaj', N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 310, New York. 

Anguilla novaeorleansis Kaup, Apodal P'ishes, 1856, 43, fig. 33, New 
Orleans, La. 

Anguilla punctaltssima Kaup, loc. cit., 44, Niagara River. 

Anguilla cubana Kaup, loc. cit., 44, Cuba. 

Anguilla novxterrx Kaup, loc. cit., 45, fig. 35, Newfoundland. 

Anguilla texana Kaup, loc. cit., 45, fig. 3<5, Te.xas. 

Anguilla wabashensis Kaup, loc. cit., 40, Wabash River. 

Anguilla tyrannus Girard, U. S. Mcx. Bound. Surv., Ichth., 1859, 75, 
Rio Grande. 

6424°— 29 6 



78 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Family 69. SIMENCHELYID^. Snub-nosed eels 

Genus 187. SIMENCHELYS Gill. 

Simencbelys Gill, in Goode and Bean, Bull. Essex Inst., 1879, 27 {S. 

parasiticus Gill). 
Conchognathus CoUett, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 1889, 123 (C grimaldii 
Collett) . 

518. Simenchelys parasiticus Gill. 

Offshore banks, in deep water, south of Newfoundland; also recorded 

from the Azores. 
Simenchelys parasiticus Gill, in Goode and Bean, Bull. Essex Inst., 1879, 

27, Newfoundland banks. 
Conchognathus grimaldii Collett, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 1889, 122, 

Family 70. SYNAPHOBRANCHID.E 

Genus 188. SYNAPHOBRANCHUS Johnson. 

Synapliobranchus Johnson, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1862, 169 {S. kaupii 
Johnson — J/wra-na pinnata Gronow). 

519. Synaphobranchus pinnatus (Gronow). 

North Atlantic and western Pacific; common about the Madeiras, 
Canaries, etc., and also about the banks of Newfoundland. 

Muraena pinnata Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 19, locality unknown. 

Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson, Proc. Zool. Zoc. Lond., 1862, 169, 
Madeira. 
Geius 189. HISTIOBRANCHUS Gill. 

Histiobranchus Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 255 {H, infernalis Gill). 

520. Histiobranchus batiiybius (Giinther). 

Northern and western Pacific in deep water; Bering Strait; off Japan 

and off Cape of Good Hope; one specimen obtained by Doctor 

Gilbert in Bering Sea in 1890. 
Synaphobranchus bathybius Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XX, 1877, 

445, and in Voy. Challenger, 254, PI. LXII, fig. 6, 1887, off Yeddo; 

North Pacific; Kerguclen Island. 

521. Histiobranchus infernalis Gill. 

Gulf Stream. 

Histiobranchus infernalis Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 255, 

Gulf Stream, at Albatross station 2037, 38° 30' N., 09° W., in 1,731 

fathoms. 

Family 71. ILYOPHIDiE. Ooze eels 

Genus 190. ILYOPHIS Gilbert. 

Ilyophis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 351 (/. brunneus 
Gilbert). 

522. Ilyophis brunneus Gilbert. 

One specimen froiii Chatham Island, Galapagos Archipelago, in 634 

fathoms. 
Ilyophis brunneus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 352, 

Chatham Island, Galapagos Archipelago, at Albatross station 2808 

in 654 fathoms. 

Family 72. MURiENESOCID^ffi 

Genus 191. MUR^NESOX McClelland. 

Murs!nesox McClelland, Calcutta Jour. Nat. Hist., V, 1844, 408 {M. 

tricuspidata McClelland) . 
Branchyconger Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., II, 1865, 236 (Murama 

savanna Cuvier). 

523. Mursenesox savanna (Cuvier). 

Cuba to Rio Janeiro, not common; occasional in the Mediterranean Sea. 
Mursena savanna Cuvier, Rogne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 350, Martinique. 
Conger brasiliensis Ranzani, De Novis Spec. Pise. Diss. Prima., IV, 

1838, 17, pi. 13, fig. 1, Brazil.. 
Congrus curvidens Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 111, no 

locality. 
Conger limbatus Castelnau, Anim. Am6r. Sud, 1855, 83, pi. 43, fig. 3, 

Rio Janeiro. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 79 

524. Muraenesox coniceps Jordan and Gilbert. 

Cape San Lucas to the coast of Colombia; generally common. 
Miirsenesox. coniceps Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 348, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Family 73. CONGRIDiE (LEPTOCEPHALIDiE). Conger eels 

Genus 192. CONGER Cuvier. Conger eels. 

a. Adult forms (Conger) : 

Conger Cuvier, Oken, in Regne Anim., Ed. I, 1817, 231 ("Les Congres" 

Cuvier, Oken, 1182) {Murxna conger Linnseus). 
Congrus Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 107 (Mursena 

conger Linnseus). 

b. Larval forms (Leptocephali) : 

Leptocephalus Scopoli, Int. Hist. Xat., 1777, 453 (L. morrisi Gmelin). 
Oxyurus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 19 (0. vermiformis Lac^pede). 
Helmictis Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 62. 
Helmichthys Costa, Fauna Napoli, Pesci, tavoli 31, 1854 {H. diaphanus 

Costa) . 
? Leptocephalichthys Bleeker, Act. Soc. Sci. Indo-Neder., I, 69 (L. 

hypselosoma Bleeker, a larval form allied to Conger). 
1 Diaphanichthys Peters, Sitzungsb., Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1864, 399 (D. 

hrevicaudus Peters); larva allied to Conger. 

525. Conger conger (Linnaeus). Conger eel. 

Atlantic Ocean; generally common on both coasts, from Cape Cod to 
Brazil, also on coasts of Asia and Africa. 

a. Adult forms: 

Murxna supremo marginx pinnse dorsalis nigro Artedi, Synon., 40, 1738, 

2, Mediterranean. 
Mursena conger Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 245; based on Artedi. 
Mursena nigra Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 93 (black variety), Nice. 
Anguilla oceanica Mitchill, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1818, 407, off 

New York. 
Conger verus Risso, Europ. M6rid., Ill, 1826, 201, Nice. 
Conger vulgaris Cuvier, Ri'gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 350, France. 
Conger rubescens Ranzani, De Novis Spec. Pise. Diss. Prima, 1838, 19, 

PI. V, fig. 5, Mediterranean. 
Ophisoma obtusa Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Reptiles, and Amphib., 

II, 1839, 395, Sicily. 
Conger orbignyanus Valenciennes, D'Orbigny, Vov. Am. Merid., Poiss., 

1839, pi. 12, 1, South America. 
Conger verreauxi Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 115, no locality. 
Conger esculentus Poey, Alemorias, II, 1861, 346, Cuba. 

b. Larva! forms: 

Leptocephalus morrisi Gmelin, Syst. Nat., 1150, 1877, Holyhead, 
England. 

Ophidium pellucidum Couch, Lond. Mag. Nat. Hist., V, 1832, 3113, 
742, England. 

Leptocephalus gracilis Storer, Mem. Amer. Acad., II, 1839, 524, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Leptocephalus spallanzani, candidissimus, etc., of European writers. 

526. Conger cavdilimbatus (Poey). 

Tropical parts of Atlantic; Pensacola to Cuba and Madeira. 
Echelus caudilimbatus Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 249, Cuba. 
Conger macrops Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 40, Madeira, Baiiamas. 
Conger caudicnla Bean, Proc. TJ. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 436, Pensacola. 

Genus 193. ARIOSOMA Swainson. 

Ariosoma Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., I, 18.38, 220; II, 1839, 195 (no 

type named, logotype as restricted by Bleeker and by Swainson 

Ophisoma acuta Swainson = 3/ )/ra°na balearica De la Roche). 
Ophisoma Swainson, loc. cit., 1839; Ophisoma acuta Swainson; substitute 

for Ariosoma; the name preoccupied. 
Congermuruna Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 71 (108) (Murspna balearica 

De la Roche, as restricted bv Bleeker). 
Congrellus Ogilby, Proc. Linm Soc. New South Wales, XXIII, 1898, 

288 {Mursena balearica De la Roche). 



80 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

527. Ariosoma opisthopthalma (Ranzani). 

West Indies to Brazil. 

Conger opisthopthabnus Ranzani, De Novis Spec. Pise. Diss. Prima, 

1838, 16, PL V, fig. 1, Bahia. 
Conger microstomus Castelnau, Anim. Amor. Sud, 1855, 83, pi. 42, 

fig. 4, Rio Janeiro. 
Conger analis Poey, Meraorias, II, 1861, 318, Habana. 
Conger impressus Poey, loc. cit., 318, Cuba. 

528. Ariosoma gilbert! (Ogilby). 

Panama; probably also at the Galapagos and Cape San Lucas. 
Ophisoma balearicnm Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 349, 

Albatross station 2797, Panama Bay, 33 fathoms; not of De la Roche. 
Congrellus gilberti Ogilby, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 1898, 288, 

after Gilbert. 

629. Ariosoma caudale (Garman). 
Off Panama in deep water. 
Congermurxna caudalis Garman, Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 305; 

Albatross station 3354, lat. 7° 9' 45" N., long. 80° 50' W., in 322 

fathoms. 

Genus 194. ANAGO -* Jordan and Hubbs. 

Anago Jordan and Hubbs, Mem. Carnegie Mus., X, 1925, 191 (Conger 
anago Schlegel). 

530. Anago nitens (Jordan and Bollman). 

One specimen dredged at Albatross station 2801, off Panama, 8° 47' N., 

79° 29' 30" W., in 14 fathoms. 
Ophisoma nitens Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

1889, 153, Panama. 

631. Anago macrurus (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Ophisoma macrurum Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 351, 

Gulf of California, at Albatross station 3105. 

Genus 195. HILDEBRANDIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Hildebrandia Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 4th Ser., 
XVI, Apr. 27, 1927, 502 {Congermuraena flava Goode and Bean). 

632. Hildebrandia flava (Goode and Bean). 

Albatross stations 2121 and 2122 in 31 and 34 fathoms; station 2402 in 
111 fathoms; also Blake station 264 in 84 fathoms; Gulf Stream. 

Congermursena flava Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 138, fig. 159, 
Gulf Stream. 

Genus 196. GNATHOPHIS Kaup. 

Gnathophis Kaup, Abhandl., Natur. Verein Hamburg, 1859 (1860), IV, 
Abth. 2, 7 {O. heterognathus Kaup); teeth blunt. 

533. Gnathophis guppii (Norman). 
West Indies. 

Congromuriena guppii Norman, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9, XV, 
1925, 313, Tobago. 

634. Gnathophis proriger (Gilbert). 
Panama to Ecuador. 
Ophisoma prorigerum. Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 350, 

coast of Ecuador, at Albatross station 2792 in 401 fathoms; also at 

station 2799, near Panama. 

Genus 197. CONGROSOMA Garman. 

Congrosoma Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 308 
(Congrosoma evermanni Garman). 

535. Congrosoma evermanni Garman. 
Off Panama. 

Congrosoma evermanni Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899, PI. LXII, fig. 1, Albatross station 3355, lat. 7° 12' 20" N., 
long. 80° 55' W. in 182 fathoms. 

" The shore species named below may not, any of them, belong to Anago or, in fact, to the same genus. 
They seem nearer the Japanese form Anago than to Ariosoma. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 81 

Genus 198. UROCONGER Kaup. 

Uroconger Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1S56, 110 (U. Upturns Kaup), 

536. Uroconger vicinus Vaillant. 

Deep waters off the coast of northern Africa; a young individual taken 

by the Albatross at station 2161 in 146 fathoms. 
Uroconger vicinus Vaillant, Exped. Sci. Travailleur et Talisman, 188 >, 

86, PI. VI, fig. 1, Banc d'Arguin, off Soudan, off Cape Verde Islands. 

537. Uroconger varidens Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Uroconger varidens Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

304, PI. LXI, fig. 1, Albatross stations 3396 and 3357 in 259 and 782 

fathoms. 

Genus 199. MICROCONGER Fowler. 

Microconger Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIV, 1912, 9 {Lepto- 
cephalus caudalis Fowler). 

538. Microconger caudalis (Fowler). 

Coast of Lower California. 

Leptocephalus (Microconger) caudalis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Phila., LXIV, 1912, 9; off Lower California. 

Genus 200. MAYERINA Silvester. 

Maycrina Silvester. Carnegie Inst. Year Book, XIV, 1915, 214 (Mayer- 

ina mayeri Silvester). 

539. Mayerina mayeri Silvester. 

Porto Rico. 

Mayerina mayeri Silvester, Carnegie Inst. Year Book, XIV, 1915, 214, 
Porto Rico. 

Genus 201. XENOMYSTAX Gilbert. 

Xenomystax Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 348 {X. alrarius 
Gilbert). 

540. Xenomystax atrarius Gilbert. 

Coast of Ecuador. 

Xenomystax alrarius Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 348, 
1° S.. Sl° W., at Albatross station 2792 in 401 fathoms. 

541. Xenomystax rictus Garman. 

(Jlf Panama. 

Xenomystax rictus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

315, PI. N, several Albatross stations (3384, 3394, 3354, 3404, 3417) 

in from 322 tf) 511 fathoms. 

Genus 202. HOPLUNNIS Kaup. 

Hoplunnis Kaup, Aaicn. Fische Hamburg Mus., 1860, 19 (//. schmidtii 
Kaup). 

542. Hoplunnis schmidtii Kaup. 

Caribbean Sea at Puerto Cabello, near Aspinwall; Colon. 
Hoplunnis schmidtii Kaup, Aalen. Fische Hamburg Mus., 1859, 19, 
pi. 2, fig. 4, Puerto Cabello, near Aspinwall, Colon. 

543. Hoplunnis diomedianus Goode and Bean. 

A .single individual obtained by tlie Albatross in the Gulf of Mexico. 
Hoplunnis diomedianus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 146, 1895, 

fig. 163, Gulf of Mexico, Albatross station 2402, 28° 36' N., 86° 50' W., 

11 1 fathoms. 

Genus 203. NEOCONGER Girard. 

Neoconger Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858 (1859), 171 
(N. mucronatus Girard). 

544. Neoconger mucronatus Girard. 

Coast of Texas. 

Neoconger mucronatus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858 
(1859^ 171, St. .Io.seph Island, Texas. 

645. Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert. 
LowfT r'alifornia to Panama 

Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 57, 
off Lower California, at Albatross station 3035 in about 30 fathoms. 



82 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 204. LEPTOCONGER Poey. 

Leptocongcr Poey, Anal. Soc. Espauola Hist. Nat., Madrid, 1880, 250 
{L. pcrlongus Poey). 

546. Leptoconger perlongus (Poey). 

Matanzas, Cuba. 

Neoconger perlojigus Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1874, 67, 
pi. 9, figs. 3 and 4, Matanzas, Cuba. 

Family 74. NETTASTOMID.a;. Duckbill eels; Sorcerers 

Genus 205. CHLOPSIS Rafinesque. 

Chlopfiis Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 58 (C. bicolor Rafinesque). 
Sanrenchelys Peters, Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1864, 397 {S. can- 
crivora Peters). 

547. Chlopsis equatorialis Gilbert. 

Coast of Ecuador. 

Chlopsis equatorialis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 347, 

off coast of Ecuador, 1° S., 81° W., at Albatross station 2792 in 401 

fathoms. 

548. Chlopsis gilbert! Garman. 

Off Panama and San Diego. 

Chlopsis gilbertii Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

PI. LXII, fig. 2, various stations of the Albatross, from 322 to 511 

fathoms. 

Genus 206. VENEFICA Jordan and Davis. 

Venejica Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 651 {Net- 
tastoma procerum Goode and Bean). 

549. Venefica procera (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf Stream; also taken off San Pedro, Calif. 

Nettastoma procerxnn Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 
1883, 224, Gulf Stream, at Albatross station 325. 

550. Venefica ocella Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Venefica ocella Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 318, 

PL LXI, fig. 2, Albatross station 3366, lat. 5° 30' N., long. 86° 45' W., 

in 1,067 fathoms. 

551. Venefica tentaculata Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water; San Diego. 

Venefica tentaculata Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

319, PI. M, fig. 2, various Albatross stations at depths ranging from 

770 to 978 fathoms. 

Genus 207. T.ffiNIOCONGER Herre. 

Tarnioconger Herre, Philippine Jour. Sci., XXIII, No. 2, August, 1923, 
152 (T. chapmani Herre). 

552. Tsenioconger digueti Pellegrin. 

Gulf of California. 

Tsenioconger digueti Pellegrin, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, CLXXVII, 
1923, 789, near Island of Espiritu Santo, Gulf of California. 

Family 76. ECHEIID.a:. Worm eels 

Genus 208. AHLIA Jordan and Davis. 

Ahlia Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 639 (Myro- 
])hif< egyyiontis Jordan). 

553. Ahlia egmontis (Jordan). 

Florida Keys. 

Myrophis egmontis Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXVI, 1884, 
44, Egmont Key, Fla. 

Genus 209. MYROPHIS Liitken. 

Myrophis Liitken, Vid. Med. Naturh. Foren. Kjdbenhavn, 1, 1851 
{M. piinctatus Liitk'en). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 83 

554. Myrophis punctatus Liitken. 

West Indies; coast of Texas to Surinam; common along our Gulf coast. 
Myrophis punctatus Liitken, Vid. Med. Naturh. Foren. Kj0benhavn, 

1, 1851, 9, West Indies. 
Myrophis 7tiicrostigmius Poej-, Repertorio, II, 1867, 250, Cuba. 
Myrophis lumbricus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1882, 261, Galveston, Tex. 

555. Myrophis vafer Jordan and Gilbert. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Guavmas to Panama. 
Myrophis vafer Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
645, Panama. 

Genus 210. CHILORHINUS Liitken. 

Chilorhinus Liitken, Vid. Med. Naturh. Foren. Kj0benhavn, 1, 1851 

(C. suensonii Liitken). 

556. Chilorhinus suensonii Liitken. 

St. Croix, West Indies. 

Chilorhinus suensonii Liitken, Vid. Med. Naturh. Foren. Kj0benhavn, 
1, 1851, St. Croix. 

Family 76. NEMICHTHYID.ffi. Thread eels; Snipe eels 

Genus 211. NEMICHTHYS Richardson. 

Nemichthys Richardson, Voy. Samarang, 1848, 25 (A', scolopaceua 

Richardson). 
Leplorhynchus Lowe, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., X, 1852, 54 (L. leuchten- 

bergi Lowe) ; preoccupied. 
Belonopsis Brandt, Mem. Acad. Sci. St. Petersb., Savans Etrangeres, 

1854, 174 {Leplorhynchus leuchtenbergi Lowe). 

5 57. Nemichthys scolopaceus Richardson. Snipe eel. 

Atlantic Ocean, in deep water; many specimens taken off the New 

England coast and off the Grand Banks; common about Madeira. 
Nemichthys scolopacea Richardson, Voy. Samarang, 1848, 25, South 

.-Vtlantic. 
Leptorhynchus leuchtenbergii Lowe, Mem. .\cad. Sci. St. Petersb., 

Savans Etrangdres 1854, 171, Madeira. 
Belonopsis leuchtenbergii Brandt, loc. cit., 1854, 174 (with good plate). 

658. Nemichthys avocetta Jordan and Gilbert. 

Puget Sound near Seattle; only the type known. 

Nemichthys avocetta Jordan and Gill;ert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 409, harbor of Port Gamble, near Seattle. 

559. Nemichthys fronto Garman 

Off Pacific coast of Mexico, in deep water. 

Nemichthys fronto Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

324, PI. LXV, fig. 1, Albatross stations .3384 and 3434, in 458 and 

1,588 fathoms. 

Genus 212. AVOCETTINA Jordan and Davis. 

Avocettina Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 655 
(Nemichthys infans Giinther). 

560. Avocettina infans (Giinther). 

Known from West Indies, and middle .\tlantic off Pernambuco. 

Nemichtht/s infans Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., .5th Ser., II, 1878, 
251, and in Challenger Rept., XXII, 1887, 264, mid. Atlantic in 2, .500 
fathoms. ^ 

661. Avocettina gilli (Bean). 

(Joast of southeastern Alaska in deep water. 

Lnhtchlhys gilli Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 45, east of 
Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. 

662. Avocettina elongata ((jill and Ryder). 

Gulf Stream. 

Labichthys elongalus Gill and Ryder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 
262, Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2100, 39° 22' N., 68° 34' W. 



84 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 213. SERRIVOMER Gill and Ryder. 

Serrivo77ier Gill and Ryder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 260 (S. 
beanii Gill and Ryder). 

563. Serrivomer beanii Gill and Ryder. 

Gulf Stream; also taken in the Gulf of California. 

Serrivomer beanii Gill and Ryder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 261, 
Gulf Stream, lat. 41° 40' 30", long. 65° 28' 30" in 855 fathoms. 

564. Serrivomer sector Garman. 

Gulf of California to Panama in deep water. 

Serrivomer sector Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 320, 

PI. LXIII, numerous stations of the Albatross and off Guaymas, 50 

miles south, surface to 700 fathoms. 

Genus 214. SPINIVOMER Gill and Ryder. 

Spinivomer Gill and Ryder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 261 {S. 
goodei Gill and Ryder). 

665. Spinivomer goodei Gill and Ryder. 
Gulf Stream. 

Spinivomer goodei Gill and Rvder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 261, 
Gulf Stream, at lat. 38° 19' 26", long. 68° 20' 20" in 2,361 fathoms. 

Genus 215. lABICHTHYS Gill and Ryder. 

Labichthys Gill and Ryder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 261 (L. 
carinatus Gill and Ryder). 

566. Labichthys carinatus Gill and Ryder. 

Gulf Stream. 

Labichthys carinatus Gill and Ryder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 
253, 255, 261, Gulf Stream, 41° 13' N., 65° 33' W. 

567. Labichthys bowersi Garman. 

OfT Panama in deep water. 

Labichthys bowersi Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

823, PI. XIV, fig. 1, Albatross stations 3414, 3388, and 3361, in 1,168 

to 2,232 fathoms. 

Family 77. OPHICHTHYID.ffi. Snake eels 

Genus 216. SPHAGEBRANCHUS Bloch. 

Sphagebranchus Bloch, Ichthvologia, IX, 1795, 88, pi. 419 (S. rostratus 

Bloch). 
Coecilia Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 135 (C. brandieriana 

Lac6p6de = Mwrasna cceca Linnaeus); not Csecilia L. a genus of Ba- 

trachia. 
Apterichthys Dumdril, Zool. Anal., 112, 1806, 331 {Mursena cceca 

Linnaeus). 
Branderius Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 93; substitute for Csecilia 

Lac6pede. 
Ichthyapus Brisout de Barneville, Revue Zool., 1847, 219 (/. acuti- 

rostris) . 
Ophisuraphis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 29 (0. gracilis Kaup). 

568. Sphagebranchus anguiformis (Peters). 

Open Atlantic, near the West Indies. 

Ophichthys {Sphagebranchus) anguiformis Peters, Monatsber. Akad. 
Wiss. Berlin, 1876, 849, Atlantic Ocean, 15° 40' N., 23° 5' W. 

569. Sphagebranchus selachops (Jordan and Gilbert). 
• Rocks about Cape San Lucas. 

Apterichthys selachops Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 
1882, 356, Cape San Lucas. 

570. Sphagebranchus ophioneus Evermann and Marsh. 

Porto Rico. 

Sphagebranchus ophioneus Evermann and Marsh, Fish. Porto Rico, Bull. 
U. S. Fish Com., XX, 1900, 73, fig. 7, off Mayaguez, Porto Rico. 

Genus 217. VERMA Jordan and Evermann. 

Vervia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
374 {Sphagebranchus kendalli Gilbert). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 85 

571. Verma kendalli (Gilbert). 

Coast of Florida, in rather deep water. 

Sphagebranchus kendalli Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 (1891), 
310, off west coast of Florida, 25° 34' N., 82° 50' W., in 25 fathoms. 

Genus 218. CRYPTOPTERENCHELYS Fowler. 

Cryptopterus Kaup, Aalen. Fische Hamburg Mus., II, 1860 (C. punctaceps 

Kaup) ; name preoccupied. 
Cryptopterenchelys Fowler, Amer. Mus. Novitates, CLXII, March 31, 

1925 {Cryptopterus punciiceps Kaup); substitute for Cryptopterus 

Kaup, preoccupied. 

572. Cryptopterenchelys puncticeps (Kaup). 

Caribbean Sea. 

Cryptopterus puncticeps Kaup, Aalen. Fische Hamburg Mus., II, 1860, 
pi. 1, fig. 2, Puerto Cabello. 

573. Cryptopterenchelys frontalis (Garman). 

Off Panama. 

Ophichthys (Cryptopterus) frontalis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, 
XXIV, 1899, 309, Albatross stations 3386, 3389, 3391. 

Genus 219. MYRICHTHYS Girard. 

Pisodonophis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 15 (in part; not type, as 

restricted bv Bleeker, which is P. cancrivorus). 
Myrichthys Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 58 (M. 

tigrinus Girard). 
Ophisurus Swainson, Bleeker, etc. (not of Lac(?p6de, nor of Risso, nor 

Kaup, who restrict the name to 0. serpens). 

674. Myrichthys tigrinus Girard. 

Pacific coast of Mcx;co; rather common about Mazatlan, and occa- 
sionally ranging northward. 

Myrichthys tigrinus Girard, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 58, 
Adair Bay, Oregon; doubtle.>^s a:i error. 

Ophisurus xysturus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
346, Mazatlan. 

575. Myrichthys xysturus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of Mexico; common among the rocks about Mazatlan. 
Ophichthys xysturus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 
1881, 346, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

576. Myrichthys oculatus (Kaup). 

Tropical Atlantic; Cuba to Surinam and Cape Verde Islands. 
Pisoodonophis oculatus Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 22, Curasao. 
Ophisurus latimaculatus Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 252, pi. 3, fig. 1, 
Cuba. 

577. Myrichthys acuminatus (Gronow). 

West Indies, occasionally northward to Florida Keys. 

Murxna acuminata Gronow, Fish. Brit. Mus., 1854, 21, Insula Div., 
Eustachii. 

Pisodonophis guttulatus Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 21, fig. 10, Mar- 
tinique. 

Ophisurus longus Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 254, Cuba. 

Ophichthys pisavarius Poey, Anal. Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat., 1875, 196, 
Cuba. 

578. Myrichthys pantostigmius Jordan and McGregor. 

Re%illagigedo Islands. 

Myrichthys pantostigmius Jordan and McGregor, Rept. U. S. Fish Cora., 
XXIV, ISOH flS09), 274, pi. 4, Clarion Island. 

Genus 220. lETHARCHUS Goode and Bean. 

Letharchus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 436 (L. 
vrlifer Goode and Bean). 

579. Letharchus paciflcus Osburn and Nichols. 

Ciulf of California. 

Letharchus pacificus OsVjurn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hi.st., 
XXXV, 1916, 146, fig. 3, Cape San Lucas. 



86 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

580. Letharchus velifer Goode and Bean. 

Coa-st of Florida, in rather deep water; known only from the Snapper 

Banks off Pensacola and Tampa. 
Letharchus velifer Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 

437, West Florida. 

Genus 221. PISODONOPHIS Kaup. 

Pisodonophis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 17 (P. cancrivorus Kaup as 
restricted by Bleeker; later written Pisoodonophis by Kaup and since 
spelled Pisodontophis by purists). 

581. Pisodonophis daspilotus Gilbert. 

Panama. 

Pisodonophis daspilotus Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2803, Panama. 

Genus 222. OMOCHELYS Fowler. 

Omochelys Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXX, 1918, 3 {Pisoo- 
donophis cruenlifer Goode and Bean). 
Styletor iovda,n, loc.cit., LXX, 1918 (1919), 343 {Pisoodonophis cruentifer 
Goode and Bean) ; name preoccupied. 

582. Omochelys cruentifer (Goode and Bean). 

Two specimens at station 1035 of U. S. Fish Commission steamer Fish 
Hawk, 39° 57' N., 69° 28' W., in 120 fathoms; four others at nearly 
same region in 245 fathoms. 

Pisoodonophis cruentifer Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 147, 
fig. 166, Gulf Stream. 

Genus 223. CALIECHELYS Kaup. 

CaUechelys Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 28 {C. guichenoti Kaup). 

583. CaUechelys muraena Jordan and Evermaftn. 

Snapper Banks off Pensacola. 

CaUechelys mursena Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 
1886, 466, Snapper Banks. 

Genus 224. BASCANICHTHYS Jordan and Davis. 

Bascanichthys .Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 
621 {Ccecula hascanium Jordan). 

584. Bascanichthys bascanium (Jordan). 

Egmont Key, Florida. 

Ccecula hascanium Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXVI, 1884, 
48, Egmont Key, Fla. 

585. Bascanichthys scuticaris (Goode and Bean). 

West coast of Florida. 

Sphagebranchus scuticaris Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 

1879, 343, Cedar Key. 
Sphagebranchus teres Goode and Bean, loc. cit., V, 1882, 436, west 

Florida. 

686. Bascanichthys cylindricus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Bascanichthys cylindricus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., XV, 1923, 152, PI. VIII, Chame Point, Panama. 

687. Bascanichthys panamensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Bascanichthys panamensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. 
Hist., Zool., XV, 1923, PI. VII, 151, Chame Point, Panama. 

588. Bascanichthys bascanoides Osburn and Nichols. 
Coast of Lower California. 
Bascanichthys bascanoides Osburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 

Hist., XXXV, 1916, 147, fig. 4, San Cristobal, from the stomach of 

Mycteroperea venadorum. 

689. Bascanichthys peninsulas (Gilbert). 
La Paz Bay, Gulf of California. 

CaUechelys peninsulx Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 548, 
La Paz Bay, Lower California. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 87 

Genus 225. QUASSIREMUS Jordan and Davis. 

Quassireimis Jordan and Davis, Kept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 18S8, 622 
{Ophichthus evionthas Jordan and Bellman). 

590. Quassiremus nothochir (Gilbert). 

San Josef Island, Gulf of California. 

Ophichthys nothochir Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 58, 
San Josef Island, Gulf of California. 

591, Quassiremus evionthas (Jordan and BoUman). 

Hood Island, Galapagos Archipelago. 

Ophichthus evionthas Jordan and BoUman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1889, 154, Hood Island, Galapagos Archipelago. 

Genus 226. OPHICHTHUS Thunberg and Ahl. 

Ophichthus Ahl, De Mura?na et Ophichtho, 1789 {Mursena ophis L.). 

Cogrus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 62 (C. maculatus Rafinesque). 

Centrurophis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 2 (C. spadiceus Kaup). 

Poecilocephalus Kaup, loc. cit., 5 (P. bonapartei Kaup). 

Microdontophis Kaup, loc. cit., 6 {M. altipinnis Kaup). 

Cwcilophis Kaup, loc. cit., 6 {C. compar Kaup). 

Herpetoichthys Kaup, loc. cit., 7 {H. ornatissirmis Kaup). 

Elapsopsis Kaup, loc. cit., 9 {E. versicolor Kaup). 

Murxnopsis Kaup, loc. cit., 11 {Mursenophis ocellatus LeSueur); the 

name wrongly credited to LeSueur. 
Scylalophis Kaup, loc. cit., 13 (S. magnioculis Kaup). 
Leptorhinophis Kaup, loc. cit., 14 (Ophisurus gomesi Castelnau). 
Uranichthys Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 256 {Murxna havannensis 

Bloch and Schneider). 
Oxyodontichthys Poey, Anales Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat.. 1880, 254 

{macrurus) . 
Ophichthys Blocker, Giinther, and of recent authors generally. 

5 92. Ophichthus ophis (Linna?us). 

West Indies; apparently not common. 

? Serpens marinus maculosus Willoughby, Hist. Pise., 1686, Tab. G., 9, 

no locality. 
? Mursena ophis Linnteus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 244; after Willoughby; 

may be identical with Ophichlhius regius, a St. Helena species likewise 

spotted with black. 
Jnnominado Parra, Dif. Piezas Hist. Nat., 1787, pi. 37, fig. 2, Habana. 
Muruna havannensis Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 491; 

after Parra. 
? Ophisurus guttatus Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 232, Surinam; 

after Bloch, pl- 154. 
? Mursena maculosa Cuvier, loc. cit., Surinam; after Ophisurus ophis 

Lac^pdde, which is based on Bloch, pl. 154. 
Herpetoichthys sulcatus Kaup, Apodal Irishes, 1856, 8, fig. 5, locality 

unknown. 
Uranichthys brachycephalus Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 257, Cuba. 

593. Ophichthus retropinnis Eigenmann. 

Snai)per Banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

OpI.ichthys retropinnis Eigenmann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 116, 
Snapper Banks off Pensacola. 

594. Ophichthus gXittifer (Bean and Dre.sel). 

Suajjper Hanks off Pensacola, Fla. 

Ophichthys guttifer Bean and Dresel, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., II, 1884 
100, Snapper Banks. 

595. Ophichthus ocellatus (LeSueur). 

West Indies, south t(j Bra/il and north to Pensacola. 
Muraenophis ocellatus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., V, 1825, 
108, pl. 4, fig. 3, South America. 



88 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

596. Ophichthua triserialis (Kaup). 

Pacific coast of tropical America, rather common from Lower Cali- 
fornia to the Galapagos. 

Muraenopsis triserialis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 12, Pacific. 

Herpetoichthijs callisoma Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 
1860, 475, locality unknown. 

Ophisurus californiensis Garrett, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., Ill, 1863, 
66, Margarita Bay, Lower California. 

Ophichthus rugifer Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1889, 155, Charles Island, Galapagos; young with longer pectorals. 

597. Ophichthus biserialis (Garman). 

GalapagDS Islands. 

Ophichlhi/s biserialis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
311, Chatham Island. 

598. Ophichthus chamensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Ophichthus chamensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., XV, 1923, 155, PI. VIII, fig. 2, Chame Point, Panama. 

Subgenus SCYTALOPHIS Kaup. 

599. Ophichthus gomesii (Castelnau). Sea serpent; Sea eel; Whipsnake eel. 

South Carolina to Rio Janeiro; generally common, especially about 

the Florida Keys and Cuba. 
Ophisurus gomesii Castelnau, Anim. Amr^r. Sud, 1855, 84, pi. 44, fig. 2; 

Rio Janeiro. 
Ophisurus chnjsops Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 321, Habana. 
Oxydontichthys brachyurus Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 426; and Poe.y, 

Enumeratio, II, 1875, 155, Habana. 
Oxydontichthys macrurus Poey, Anal. Soc. Espaiiola Hist. Nat., 1880, 

254, Habana 
Oxydontichthys limbatus Poey, loc. cit., 254, Habana; name a substitute 

for brachyurus. 

600. Ophichthus zophochir (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific Coast of Mexico, Guaymas to Acapulco. 

Ophichthys zophochir Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 347. 

601. Ophichthus magnioculus (Kaup). 

West Indies to Brazil; Aspinwall. 

Scytalophis magnioculus Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 13, fig. 7, St. 
Croix; Brazil. 

602. Ophichthus parilis (Richardson). 

Cuba to Brazil. 

Ophisurus parilis Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 105, West 

Indies. 
Ophirhthys pauciporus Poey, Repertorlo, II, 1868, 255, pi. 3, fig. 5. 

Genus 227. MYSTRIOPHIS Kaup. 

Mystriophis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 10 (Ophisurus rostellatus 

Richardson) . 
Crotolopsis Kaup, Abhandl. Natur. Verein Hamburg, IV, 1860, 12 

(C. quinctifer Kaup). 
Echiopsis Kaup, loc. cit., 13, {Ophisurus intertinctus Richardson). 
Macrodonophis Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 251 {M. mordax ophiurut 

Poey) . 

Subgenus ECHIOPSIS Kaup 

603. Mystriophis intertinctus (Richardson). 

West Indies, north to Poiisacola, Fla. 

Ophisurus intertinrtus Richardson, Vov. Erebus and Terror, Fishes, 

1844, 102, West Indies. 
Ophisurus sugillatus Richardson, loc. cit., 103, probably West Indies. 
Crolalopsis punctifer Kaup, Abhandl. Natur. Verein Hamburg, IV, 

1860, 2, 12, pi. 1, fig. 3, Puerto Cabello. 
Conger mordax Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 319, Cuba. 
Ophichthys schneideri Steindachner, Ich. Beitr., VIII, 1879, 66, Brazil. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 89 

Genus 228. SCYTALICHTHYS Jordan and Davis. 

Scytalichthys Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 
635 (Ophichthys miurus Jordan and Gilbert). 

604. Scytalichthys miurus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

Ophichthys miurus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., V, 1882, 
357, Cape San Lucas. 

Genus 229. BRACHYSOMOPHIS Kaup. 

Br achy somo phis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 9 {B. horridus Kaup). 
lAchrophichthys Bleeker, Poisson Ined. Murenes, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 
II, 242, 1865, (A. typus), young. 

605. Brachysomophis crocodilinus (Bennett). 

East Indies; a specimen recorded by Giinther from the Galapagos. 
Opkisurus crocodilinus Bennett, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1833, 32, 

Mauritius. 
Brachysomophis horridus Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 9, fig. 6, Otaheite 

[Tahiti]. 
lAchir ophichthys typus Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dicrk., II, 1865, 

242, Celebes. 

Family 78. ACANTHENCHELYID^ 

Genus 230. ACANTHENCHELYS Regan. 

Acanthenchelys Regan, .\nn. Mag. Nat. Hist., X, 1922, 296 {A. spini- 
rauda Reganj . 

606. Acanthenchelys spinicauda Regan. 

West Indies. 

Acanthenchelys spinicauda Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., X, 1922, 296, 
Island of Tobago. 

Family 79. MORINGUID.E 

Genus 231. MORINGUA Gray. 

Moringua Gray, Zool. Misc., 1831, 9 [M. lateralis Gray). 

Ralaboura Gray, Iliu.st. Ind. Zool., 1831, 95 {Mursena ratibouri Ham- 
ilton— /?a/aibouri hardwickei Gray). 

Pachyurus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish, Reptiles and Amphib., II, 1839, 
335 {Moringua linearis Gray; not of Agassiz, 1829). 

Pseudomoringua Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., II, 1865, 114 {Mo- 
ringua lumbricoides Richardson). 

607. Moringua bcekei Metzelaar. 

Caribbean Sea. 

Moringua boekei Metzelaar, Trop. Atl. Visschen, 1919, 17, Curasao. 

Genus 232. APHTHALMICHTHYS Kaup. 

A})thalmirhthys Kii\i\). Apcjdal Fishes, 1856, 68 {A. javanicus Kaup). 

608. Aphthalmichthys caribbeus (iill and Smith. 

Porto Rico. 

Aphthalmichthys caribbeus Gill and Smith, Science. XI, No. 286, 1900, 
974, San Geronimo, near San Juan, Porto Rico. 

Genus 233. STILBISCUS Jordan and Bollman. 

Stilhiscus Jordan and Hollinan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 549 
(S. ediiardxi Jordan and Bollman). 

609. Stilhiscus edwardsi Jordan and Bollman. 

Green Turtle Cay, one of the Bahamas. 

Stilbiscus edwardsi Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 549, Green Turtle Cay, Bahamas. 

Genus 234. GORDIICHTHYS Jordan and Davis. 

Gordiichthys Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 644 
{G. irretitus Jordan and Davis). 

610. Oordiichthys irretitus Jordan and Davis. 

Snapper Banks off west Florida in rather deep water. 
Gordiichthys irretitus Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 
1888, 644, off Pensacola, Fla. 



90 XJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Order T. COLOCEPHALI 

Family 80. MUR-fflNIDiE. Morays 

Genus 235. ENCHELYCORE Kaup. 

Enchelycore Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 72 (Mursena nigricans Bonna- 
terre) . 

611. Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre). 

West Indies; rather common. 

Mursena unicolor maxillis elongatus teretiusculus, inferiore longiore, etc., 

Gronow, Zoophy., 1, 1763, 163, South America. 
Murxna nigricans Bonnaterre, Encycl. Meth. Ichth., 1788, 34; after 

Gronow. 
Mursena anguina Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 18, South America. 
Enchelycore euryrhina Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 73, no locality. 

612. Enchelycore nigrocastaneus (Cope). 

West Indies. 

Gyinnothorax nigrocastaneus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 

483, St. Martin. 
tGymnolhorax imihrosus Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat, Hist, N. Y,, XI, 1874, 67, 

HaV)ana, Cuba. 

Genus 236. MURiENA linnjeus. Morays. 

Murxna Artedi, Gen. Pise, 1738, 23, in part; includes all eels. 

Mursena Klein, Hist. Pise, 1742, 28, in part; includes all eels without 
pectoral fins. 

Af wricna Linnjeus,Syst, Nat., ed. X, 1758, 244 {hclena, etc.); includes all 
eels. 

Mursena Thunberg and Ahl, De Mursena «t Ophichthus, 1789, 6 (re- 
stricted to helena, etc.), includes species without pectoral fins. 

Mursena Giinther and of authors generally; not of Bleeker. 

Mursenophia Laccp^de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 630 {helena, etc.). 

Limamursena Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 95 (L. guttata Kaup). 

613. Muraena melanotis (Kaup). 

Tropical Atlanta, from Africa to South America. 

Limamursena melanotis Kaup, Aalen. Fische Hamburg Mus., 1859, 27, 
pi. 4, fig. 3. 

614. Muraena lentiginosa Jenyns. Morena pinta. 

Pacific coast of America, from Gulf of California to Galapagos. 
Mursena lentiginosa Jenyns, Voy. Beagle, Zool., 1842, 143, Galapagos 

Islands. 
Mursena pinta Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 

345, Mazatlan. 

615. Muraena retifera Goode and Bean. 

Coast of South Carolina, in rather deep water; one taken at Tucker- 

nuck Island, Mass. 
Mursena retifera Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 435, 

off Charleston. 

616. Muraena argus (Steindac>'ner). 

Gulf of California. 

Gytnnothorux {Limamursena) argus Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, X, 
1870, 17, PI. IV, Altata, Gulf of California. 

617. Muraena insularum Jordan and Davis. 

Galapagos Islands. 

Muriena insularum Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 
1888, 609, Chatham Island. 

618. Muraena myrialeucosticta Fowler. 

West Indies. 

Mursena myrialeucosticta Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIV, 
1912, 18, St. Martin. 

619. Muraena clepsydra Gilbert, 

Panama. 

Mursena clepsydra Gilbert, in Jordan and Evcrmann, Fish. North 
and Mid. Amor., 1898, 2805, Panama. 

Genus 237. PYTHONICHTHYS Poey. 

Pythonichthys Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 265 (P, sanguineus Poey). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 91 

620. Pythonichthys sanguineus Poey. 

Coast of Cuba, in rather deep water. 

Pythonichthys sanguineus Poev, Repertorio, II, 1867, 265, pi. 2, fig. 7, 
Cuba. 

Genus 238. RABULA Jordan and Davis. 

Rabula Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVI, 1888, 589 
(R. aquse-dulcis Jordan and Davis = i?a6uZa davisi Fowler, not 
Mursena aquse-dulcis Cope). 

621. Rabula davisi Fowler. 

Said to be from San Diego, which is doubtful. 

Rabula davisi Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIV, 1912, 21; 
after Rabula aquse-dulcis Jordan and Davis; not of Cope. 

622. Rabula marmorea (Valenciennes). 

Galapagos Islands. 

Muraenophis marmoreus Valenciennes, Voy. Y4nus, Zool., 1855, 347, pi. 
10, fig. 1, Galapagos. 

623. Rabula panamensis (Steindachner). 

Pacific coast of Central America. 

Mursena panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., V, 1876, 19, Panama. 

624. Rabula longicauda (Peters). 

Tropical Atlantic, off the West Indies. 

MuTsena longicauda Peters, Monatsberichte, 1876, 850, open Atlantic, 
with Sphagebranchus anguiforniis. 

Genus 239. GYMNOTHORAX Bloch. Morays. 

Gymnothorax Bloch. Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, IX, 1795, 83, restricted 
to allies of M. afra bv Giinther (G. mursena Bloch). 

Lycondontis McClelland, Calcutta Jour. Nat. Hist., V, No. XVIII, 
1844, 173 (L. literala^tile). 

Throndontis McClelland, loc. cit., V, No. XVIII, 1844, 174 {T. reti- 
culata = less el a la) . 

Eurymyctera Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 72, (E. crudelis Kaup). 

Polyuranodon Kaup, loc. cit., 96 {Mursena polyuranodon Bleeker). 

Txniophis Kaup, Aalen. Fische Hamburg Mus., Nachtrage, 1859, 10 
{T. westphali Kaup). 

Priodontophis Kaup, loc. cit., 1859, 22 (Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz). 

Neomnrxna Girard, U. S. Mcx. Bound. Surv., Fishes, 1859, 76 (A'^. 
nigromarginala Girard = ocellatus). 

Pseudomuraena Johnson, Proc, Zool. Soc. Lond., 1860, 167 (P. ma- 
deircnsis Johnson. 

625. Gymnothorax mordax (Ayres). Conger eel of California. 

Point Conception to Cedros Island; abundant about Santa Barbara 

Islands. 
Murxna mordax Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1859, 30, 

Ccrros [Cedros] Island. 

626. Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier). Common spotted moray; Hamlet; 

Bel 
Gulf of Mexico, Pensacola, and West Indies to Rio Janeiro and St. 

Helena. 
Murxna maculata nigra; the black moray, Catesby, Nat. Hist. Caro- 

linas, etc., 1738, pi. 21, Bahamas. 
IGymnothorax afer Bloch, Syst. Ichth., 1795, pi. 417, Africa. 
Murxna moringa Cuvier, R6gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 352; after 

Catesby. 
Gymnothorax rostratus Agassiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1830, 91, pi. 50a, 

Brazil. 
A/urajno morin^ua Richardson, Voy. ^reb?/.s and Terror, Fishes, 1844, 89, 

Jamaica. 
Murxna punctata Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 18, North America. 
MuTxnophis curvilineata Castelnau, Anim. Am6r. Sud, Poiss., 1855, 81, pi. 

42, fig. 2, Rio Janeiro. 
MuTxnophis caramuru Castelnau, loc. cit., 85, pi. 43, Bahia. 
Gymnothorax flavoscriptus Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 1.58, Cuba. 
Gymnothorax picluratus Poey, Anal. Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat., 1880, 

267, Cuba. 



92 TJ. S. BUBEAU OF FISHERIES 

627. Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani. Black moray; Morena verde. 

Tropical America; Rio Janeiro; West Indies. 

Murxna maculata nigra ct viridis (the moray) Catesby, Nat. Hist. 

Carolinas, etc., 1738, pi. 20, Bahamas. 
Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bonon., IV, 

1840, 76, Brazil. 
Murasna lineopinnis Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, Fishes, 1844, 

89, Puerto Cabello. 
Mursena infernalis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 347, 354, Cuba. 
Thyrsoidea concolor Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 

479, Vera Cruz. 
Murxna erebus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 426, Cuba. 

628. Gymnothorax castaneus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of Mexico; common about Mazatlan; representing (f. 

funebris of the West Indies. 
Sidera castanea Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V. 1882, 

647, Mazatlan. 

629. Gymnothorax sanctae-helenae (Giinther). 

Tropical Atlantic; recorded from St. Helena and the Bermudas. 
Murxna sanctae-helenx Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 115, St. Helena. 

630. Gymnothorax vicinus (Castelnau). 

Tropical Atlantic, Cuba to Africa and Brazil. 

Murseno-phis vicina Castelnau, Anim. Ani6r. Sud, Poiss., 1855, 81, pi. 42, 

fig. 4, Bahia. 
Gymnothorax versipundatus Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 156, Cuba. 
Thyrosoidca maculipinnis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 86, Gold Coast. 

631. Gymnothorax punctarenae Fowler. 

Puntarenas, Costa Rica, one specimen known. 

Gymnothorax punctareme Fowler, Copeia, No. 39, Jan. 24, 1917, 3, 
Puntarenas, Costa Rica. 

632. Gymnothorax brunneus Nichols. 

Bermudas. 

Gymnothorax brunneus Nichols, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXXIII, 1920, 

59, Bermuda. 

633. Gymnothorax virescens Poey. 

Cuba. 

Gymnothorax virescens Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 156, Cuba. 

634. Gymnothorax polygonius Poey. 

Cuba. 

Gymnothorax polygonius Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1870, 
68, Habana. 

635. Gymnothorax dovii (Giinther). Morena pintita. 

Gulf of California to the Galapagos Archipelago. 
Murxna dovii Gunther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 103, Panama. 
Murxna pintita Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
346, Mazatlan. 

636. Gymnothorax conspersus Poey. 

Cuba to Rio Janeiro. 

Murxnophis punctata Castelnau, Anim. Am6r. Sud, 1855, 82, Rio 

Janeiro; not Gymnothorax punctatus Bloch. 
Gymnothorax conspersus Poey, Repertorio, II, 1868, 259, Cuba. 

637. Gymnothorax jordani (Evermann and Marsh). 

Porto Rico. 

Lycondontis jordani Evermann and Marsh, Fish. Porto Rico, Bull. 

U. S. Fish Com., XX, 1900 (1902), pt. 1, 78, pi. 2; off Mayaguez, 

Porto Rico. 

638. Gymnothorax miliaris (Kaup). 

West Indies. 

Thyrsoidea miliaris Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 90, Martinique. 

Murxna multocellata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 324, Cuba; based on 

specimens with smaller spots than usual. 
Gymnothorax scriptus Poey, Rei)ort()rio, II, 1868, 261, Cuba. 
Murxna myrialeucostictus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIV, 

1912, 18, St. Martins, West Indies. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 93 

639. Gymnothorax elaboratus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Muraena elaborata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 323, Cuba. 

640. Gymnothorax obscuratus Poev. 

Cuba. 

Gymnothorax obscuratus Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., IX, 1870, 
320, Cuba. 

641. Gymnothorax chlevastes (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Galapagos Islands. 

Sidera chlerastes Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 
208, Galapagos. 

642. Gymnothorax albimentis (Evermann and ^Marsh). 

Porto Rico. 

Lycodontis albimentis Evermann and Marsh, Fish. Porto Rico, Bull. U. 
S. Fish Com., XX, 1900 (1902), pt. 1, 78, fig. 9; off Culebra Island. 

643. Gymnothorax concolor (Abbott). 

West Indies. 

Thyrsoidea concolor Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 

479, Vera Cruz. 
fMurxna erebus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 426, Cuba. 

644. Gymnothorax aquaedulcis (Cope). 

Rio Grande, Costa Rica. 

Muraena aquse-dulcis Cope, Rept., U. S. Geol. Surv., 1871 (1872), 474; 
said to be from Rio Grande, Costa Rica. It is evidently not a fresh- 
water fish. According to Fowler, it is not a liabula, the dorsal 
beginning well before the gill opening. 

645. Gymnothorax carcinognathus Fowler. 

West Iiifiies. 

Gymnothorax carcinognathus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Piiila., LXIV, 
1912, 22, St. Martins, West Indies. 

646. Gymnothorax verilli (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama; (jne specimen known. 

Sidera verrilli Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 623, 
Panama. 

647. Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz. Spotted moray; Moray eel. 

PcMsacola to Rio .Janeiro. 

Gymnothorax ocellatus Aga.ssiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1828, 91, pi. 50b, 
Brazil. 

648. Gymnothorax ocellatus saxicola Jordan and Davis. 

Snapper Banks off IVnsacohi and deep water ofT Cuba. 

Murana meleagris Quov and Gaimard, Voy. Freycinet, Zool., 1824 

245, pi. 52, fig. 2; not of Shaw. 
Gymnothorax ocellatus saxicola Jordan and Davis, Rept. U. S Fish 

Com., XVI, 1888, 606, Snapper Banks off Pensacola. 

649. Gymnothorax ocellatus nigromarginatus (Girard). 

Coast of west Florida and Texas. 

A\eomur:i tia nigromarginata Girard, U. S. Me.\. Bound, Surv., 1859 
76, pi. 41, St. Joseph Island, Tex. 

Genus 240. SIDEREA Kaup. 

Sidtrca Kaup, Icbcrsicht der Aale, 1856, 59 (Murs^na pfeifferi Bleeker = 
Munrna picta Ahlj ; name later written Sidera. 

650. Siderea picta (Ahl). 

South Seas; East Indies; Hawaii; Revillagigedos; taken at Clarion 

Island. 
Murana picta Ahl, De Mura-na et Ophichtho, VI, 1787, 6, tab. 2. 
Muranophis panlherina Lacopode, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 628. 
Mura-na variegata Quoy and Gaimard, Voy. Uranie, 1824, 246, pi. 52. 
Murana lita Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 84, Moluccas. 
Murana siderea Richardson, loc. cit. 85, pi. 48, Australia. 
Murana pfeifferi Blceker, Nat. Tijcks. Ned. Ind., V, 173, Celebes, 

6424°— 29-^7 



94 



V. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



Sci. Phila., LXIV, 1912, 



Genus 241. AHYNNODONTOPHIS Fowler. 
Ahytmodontopliis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
25 {A. stigmanotus Fowler). 

651. Ahynnodontophis stigmanotus Fowler. 

West Indies (?) 

Ahynnndontnphis stigmanotus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
LXIV, 1912, 25; supposed to be from the West Indies. 

Genus 242. ECHIDNA Forster. 

Echidna Forster, Bibliotheca Banksije, 1777, 181 {E. variegata Forster). 
Gymnoinurscna Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 648 (G. doliata 

Lac^pede) . 
Gymnopsis Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 93 (substitute for Gymno- 

rnura'na). 
Megaderia Rafinesque, loc. cit., 93 (substitute for Echidna Forster). 
Molarii Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 79 {Mursena ophis = 

Echidna nebulosa). 
Pwcilophis Kaup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 98 (Gymnothorax catenatus 

Bloch). 

652. Echidna catenata (Bloch). 

\\'est Indies, from Bermuda to Surinam; our specimens from Santa 

Lucia. 
Mursena sen conger brasiliensis Seba, Thesaurus, II, 1738, 72, pi. 69, 

figs. 4, 5, Brazil. 
Gymnothorax catenatus Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, XII, 1795, 

74, pi. 415, fig. 1, Coromandel; an error. 
MuTcrna sordida Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 233, after Seba. 
Muricnophis catenula Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 628 and 641, 

Palmerston Island; after Bloch. 
Echidna fuscomaculata Poey, Repertorio, II, 1868, 263, Cuba. 
Echidna jlavoscripta Poey, loc. cit., 264, Cuba. 

653. Echidna nocturna (Cope). 

Pacific coast of Mexico, the two known specimens from the Rio Grande, 

in Costa Rica and from Cape San Lucas. 
Poecilophis nocturnus Cope, Rept. U. S. Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871 (1872), 

474, Rio Grande at San Jose, Costa Rica. 

654. Echidna scabra Garman 

Cocos Island. 
Echidna scabra Garman, 
Cocos Island. 

655. Echidna cocosa Garman. 

Cocos Island. 
Echidna cocosa Garman, 
Cocos Island. 

656. Echidna chionostigma Fowler. 

(iiilf of California (?). 

Echidna chionostigma Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIV, 
1912, 28; supposed to be from the Gulf of California. 

Genus 243. UROPTERYGIUS Riippell. 

Gymnomtinina Lact'ijcde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 648 (G. doliata 

Lacepede); restricted first by Kaup, in 1856, to doliata, which is a 

species of Echidna. 
Ichthyophis Lesson, Voj'. Coquille, II, 1830, 120 (/. pantherinus 

Lesson); not of Fitzinger, 1S29, a genus of reptiles. 
Uropterygius Riippell, Keue Wirbelthiere, Fische, 1835, 83 (A^ebrius 

concolor RiipjM'll). 
Murunoblenna K'aup, Apodal Fishes, 1856, 67, {Ichthyophis tigrina 

Lesson); not of Lacepede, 1803, which is Myxine. 
Scutica Jordan and P^vermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 

403, {Uropterygius necturus Jordan and Gilbert). 



Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 314, 



Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 313, 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 95 

Subgenus SCUTICA Jordan and Evermann. 

657. Uropterygius necturus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Gymnomiirsena nectura Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat Mus , V, 
1882, 356, Cape San Lucas. 

Genus 244. CHANNOMUR^NA Richardson. 

Channo-Murxna Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 96 {Ichthyo- 
phis vittata Richardson). 

658. Channomursena vittata (Richardson). 

Coast of Cuba. 

Raro Parra, Dif. Piezas Hist. Nat., 1780, 66, pi. 30, fig. 3, Habana. 

Ichthyophia vittatus Richardson, Voy. Sulphur, Fishes, 1844, 114, pi. 53, 

figs. 7-9; locality uncertain. 
Channnmuraena cuhensis Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 266, pi. 3, fig. 6, 

Cuba. 

Order U. LYOMERI 

Family 81. SACCOPHARYNGID.J:. Gulpers 

Genus 245. SACCOPHARYNX Mitchill. 

Saccopharynx Mitchill, Ann. Lye. Xat. Hist. N. Y., 1824, 86 (type 

afterwards called .S. /(;</(// (/w Mitchill). 
Ophiognathus Harwood, Philos. Trans., 1827, 277 (O. ampullaceus Har- 

wood). 

659. Saccopharynx ampullaceus (Harwood). 

.\tlantic. 

Ophiogrialhus ampuUnceus Flarwood, Philos. Trans., 1827, 52, Atlantic. 

Saccopharynx flagcllum Cuvier, Regne .\nim., ed. 2, 1829, 355, Atlantic: 

after Mitchill. 
Saccopharynx chordaiuH Storer, Synopsis, 1846, 237, oiien Atlantic; after 

Mitchill. 

Family 82. EURYPHARYNGID^. Swallowers 

Genus 246. GASTROSTOMUS Gill and Ryder. 

(Jastro.stomu.s Gill and Rvder, Proc. L'. 8. Xat. Mus., VI, 1883, 271 
((7. bairdii Gill and Ryder). 

660. Gastrostomus bairdii (Jill and Ryder. 

Deep water olf .Xewfoundland Hanks and Davis Strait. 
Ga.strostomus bairdii Gill and Ryder, Proc. l'. S. Xat. Mus., VI, 1883, 
271, off the Grand Banks of Xewfoundland. 

661. Oastrostomus pacificus Bean. 

Pacific Ocean in deep water. 

Gastrostomus pacifu us Bean, Smiths. Misc. Coll., XLV, 1904, 254, 
fig. 31; halfway between Midway Island and Guam. 

Series OSTARIOPHYSI 

Order V. HETEROGNATHI 

Family 83. CHARACINIDiE. Characins 

Genus 247. PHENAGONIATES Eigenmann and Wilson. 

Phcnagoniatcs Eigenmann and Wilson, Indiana Univ. Studies, XIX, 
1914, 2 (P. wilsoni Eiger\ma,nn = Rceboides macrolepsis Meek and 
Hildebrand). 

662. Phcnagoniates macrolepis (Meek anrl Hildebrand). 

.\f laiitic slope of P;iiiatn;i. 

Roelioidis nuKrolcj/is Meek and HildebrjMid, Fie'd Mus. X"at. Hist., 
Zool., X. 19i:i, 84, Rio Cupe, Boca de Cupc, Tuyra River Basin. 

Genus 248. COMPSURA Eigenmann. 

('ouipsiira i;iK<tiiiiatiii, .\.ein. Carnegie Mus., VII, 1915, 00 {Compsura 
heterura KJKenrnann). 



06 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

663. Compsura gorgonae (Evermann and Goldsborough). 

Both slopes of Panama. 

Chcirodon gorgonie Evermann and rioldsl:)orough, Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Wash., XXil, 1909, 99, figs. 1, 3, Gorgona, Atlantic slope, Panama 

Canal Zone. 

Genus 249. PSEUDOCHEIRODON Meek and Hildebrand. 

Pseudochcirodon Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1916, 275 (P. affinis .Meek and Hildebrand). 

664. Pseudocheirodon afRnis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Both sloi)es of Panama. 

Chcirodon insignia Evermann and Goldsborough, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 

XXII, 1909, 98, Tabernilla, Atlantic slope; not of Steindachner. 
Pseudocheirodon a(rinis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1916, 275, PI. XVIII, Rio Gatun, Monte Liria, Canal Zone. 

Panama. 

Genus 250. GEPHYROCHARAX Eigenmann. 

(icphyrocharax Eigenmann, Indiana Univ. Studies, No. 16, 1912, 23 
{G. chocoensis Eigenmann). 

665. Gephyrocharax atricaudatus (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Both slojjcs. Canal Zone, Panama. 

DcuUrodoH atricaiidala Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1912, 68, llio Frijolcs, Canal Zone. 
(icphyrocharax atricaudata Eigenmann, Indiana Univ. Studies, No. 20, 

1914, 41, Panama Canal Zone. 

666. Gephyrocharax intermedius Meek and Hildebrand. 

Rio Chama, Panama. 

(icphyrocharax intermedius Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. 
Hi.st., Zool., X, 1916, 278, Rio Chama. 

Genus 251. ASTYANAX Baird and Girard. 

Astyanax Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 
26 {A. argentatus Baird and Gn'SLvd — Tctragonopterus mexicanus 
Filippi). 

Pa^cilurichthys Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 417 (P. 
brevoorti Gill). 

All the species mentioned below l^elong to the subgenus or genus As- 
tyanax, distinguished from Tetragonapienes Cuvier by the absence 
of teeth on the maxillary and by the shorter anal of less than 40 rays. 

667. Astyanax mexicanus (Filippi) . 

Rio Balsas and Rio Tehuacan to tributaries of the Rio Grande in Texas, 

the northernmost species of the multitude of Characins. 
Tetragonopterus mexicanus Filippi, Guerin's Rev. Mag. Zool., 1853, 166, 

Mexico. 
Astyanax argentatus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VII, 1854, 27, Comanche Spring and Brownsville, Tex. 
Tetragonopterus fulgens Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nait. Zool., IX, 62, 1868. 
Tetragonopterus nitidus Vaillant and Pellegrin, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 

Paris, 1904, 324. 
Tetragonopterus brevimanus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 325, Yzabel; Rio 

San Geronimo, Guatemala. 

668. Astyanax aeneus (Giinther). 

Oaxaca, Mexico, and Rio Chagres, and other streams about Panama, 

south to Brazil. 
Tetragonopterus aeneus Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1860, 319, 

Oaxaca, Mexico, 
Tetragonopterus Tuicrophthalmus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 324, Lake 

Amatitlan, Guatemala; Rio Rimac. 
Tetragonopterus panamensis Giinther, loc. cit., 324, Pacific coast of 

Panama; Yzabel. 
Tetragonopterus humilis Giinther, loc. cit., 327, Lake Amatitlan, 

Guatemala. 
Tetragotioptcrus a-rstcdi Krdyer, in Liitkin, let. Bidrag., Ill, 1874, 229, 

Rio San Juan, Nicaragua. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 97 

669. Astyanax petenensis (Gtinther). 

Nicaragua to western Ecuador; southeast to Argentine Republic. 
Tetragonopterus petenensis Giinther. Cat., V, 1864, 326, Lake Peten, 
Nicaragua. 

670. Astyanax scabripinnis (Jenyns). 

Jamapa, Mexico, to Rio Janeiro. 

Tetragonopterus scabripinnis Jenyns, Voy. Beagle, ZooL, Fishes, 1842, 
125, Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 

671. Astyanax macrophthalmus (Regan). 

Streams of eastern Mexico. 

Tetragonopterus macrophthalmus Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer. , 1915, 
171, eastern Mexico; Monzorangi, Vera Cruz. 

672. Astyanax nasutus Meek. 

Astyanax nasutus Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., VII, 1907, 108, 
Lake Managua, Nicaragua. 

673. Astyanax fasciatus (Cuvier). 

Coasts of Brazil, from Para to Napo and on the Pacific side from 

Panama to Ecuador. 
Tetragonopterus fischeri Steindachner, Flussfische Siidamerikas, I, 1879, 

166, Mamo River at Chepo, Colombia. 

674. Astyanax ruberrimus Eigenmann. 

Panama, both slopes. 

Astyanax ruberrimus Eigenmann, Indiana Univ. Studies, XVIII, 1913, 
25, Isthmeria, Atlantic slope. 

675. Astyanax brevoortii (Gill). 

Island of Trinidad. 

Pacilurichthys brevoortii Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 417. 

Trinidad. 
Pacilurichthys tseniurus Gill, loc. cit., 418, Trinidad. 
Poecilurichthys pulcher Gill. loc. cit., 419, Trinidad. 

Genus 252. BRYCONAMERICUS Eigenmann. . 

Bryconamericus Eigenmann, Ann. Carnegie Mus., IV, 1907, 139, {B. 

exodon Eigenmann). 

676. Bryconamericus emperador (Eigenmann and Ogle). 

Streams of both slopes, Panama. 

Astyanax emperador Eigenmann and Ogle, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
NNXIII, 1907, 26, Empire Station, Panama. 

677. Bryconamericus cascajalensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Bn/conamericus cascajalensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. 
Hist., Zool., X, 1916, 2S4, Rio Cascajal, Puerto Bello, Panama. 

Genus 253. HEMIBRYCON Gunther. 

Ilemibrycon Gunther, Cat., V, 1864, 318 {Tetragonopterus {Hemibrycon) 
polyodon Giinther). 

678. Hemibrycon dariensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Basin of Kio Tuyra, Panama. 

Hemibrycon dariensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1916, 2S5, PI. XX, mouth of Rio Yape, Panama. 

Genus 254. HYPHESSOBRYCON Durbin. 

Jlyphrssohrycon Durhiii, in Eigenmann,. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., LII, 

1908, 100, (Ilemtgrammus compressus Meek). 
Dermatocheir Dvirljin, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 1909, 55 (D. calablepta 

Durbin). 

679. Hyphessobrycon panamensis Durbin. 

Rio Chagres Basin, Panama. 

IlyjihcHsohrycon panamensis Durbin, in Eigenmann, Bull. Mus. Comp. 

Zool., LII, 1908, 101, Rio Bocjueron, Atlantic slope, Panama. 
Hemigrammus minutns Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1912, 67, Agua Clara, Panama, Atlantic side of Isthmus of 

Panama. 



98 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 255. HEMIGRAMMUS Gill. 

Hemigrammus CiU, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 420 (ff. 

unilineatits Gill). 

680. Hemigrammus unilineatus (Gill). 

Streams of Trinidad. 

Pcecilarichthys unilineatus Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1854, 
420, Trinidad. 

Genus 256. CREAGRUTUS Giinther. 

Crcagrutus Gi'inthor, Cat., V, 1864, 339 {Leporinus mulleri Giinther). 

681. Creagrutus notropoides Meek and Hildebrand. 

Rio Chagres, Panama. 

Creagrutus notropoides Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1912, 68, Rio Indio, Chagres basin. 

682. Creagrutus simus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Rio Tuyra Basin, Panama. 

Creagrutus simus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1913, 8."), Rio Cupe, Cituro, Panama. 

Genus 257. RGEBOIDES Gunther. 

Raboides Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 347 (Epicyrtus microlepis Reinhardt). 

683. Roeboides guatemalensis (Giinther). 

Rio Chagres and streams of Guatemala. 

Annryrtus guatemalensis Giinther, Cat., V, 1804, 347, Rio Chagres; 
Huamuchal. 

684. Roeboides salvadoris Hildebrand. Plateado; Sardina; Alma seca; 

Ulmina. 
Lakes Guija and Metapan and Rio Sucio and Lempa, El Salvador. 
Roeboides salvadoris Hildebrand, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLI, 1925, 
246, fig. 9, Rio Sucio, Sitio del Nino. 

685. Roeboides occidentalis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Pacific slope of Panama and southward. 

Roeboides occidentalis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1916, 293, PI. XXIII, Rio Cardenas, Corozal, Panama. 

Genus 258. BRYCON Muller and Troschel. 

Brycon Miiller and Troschel, Horse Ichth., I, 1845, 15 (B. falcalus 

Miiller and Troschel). 
Chalcinopsis Kner, Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Miinchen, 1863, 226 (C. 

striatulus Kner). 
Megalobrycon Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1869, 423 {Brycon 

ccphalus Giinther). 

686. Brycon striatulus (Kner). 

Rio Chagres and streams about Panama. 

Chalcinopsis striatulus Kner, Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Miinchen, 1863, 

226, Panama. 
Chalcinopsis chagresensis Kner, loc. cit., 1863, 226, Rio Chagres. 

687. Brycon guatemalensis Regan. 

Brycon guatoiudensis Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., 1908, 168, lakes and 
streams of Guatemala and Nicaragua. 

688. Brycon petrosus Meek and Hildebrand. Pipon. 

Ciiagres River basin, Atlantic slope of Panama. 

Brycon petrosus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1913, 84, PI. XXIV, 1916; upper Chagres, Panama. 

689. Crycon dentex Gunther. 

Yucatan to Ecuador. 

Brycon dentex Gunther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1860, 240, Esmeraldas, 
Ecuador. 

690. Brycon argenteus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Rio Charrera, and in Rio Bayano and Rio Tuyra basins, Pacific slope 

of Panama. 
Brycon argenleus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 

X, 1913, 84, PL XXV, 298, 1916; Rio Aruza, Aruza, Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 99 

691. Brycon oligolepis Regan. 

.Streams of Panama. 

Brycon oligolepis Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., IX, 1913, 462, Rio 
Condoto, Panama. 

Genus 259. BRAMOCHARAX Gill. 

Braynocharax Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 189 
(5. bransfordi Gill). 

692. Bramocharax bransfordi Gill. 

Lake Nicaragua. 

Bramocharax hransfordi Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 
1877, 190, Lake Nicaragua. 

693. Bramocharax elongatus Meek. Sabalito. 

Bramocharax elongatus Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., VII, 1907, 
110, Lake Managua, Nicaragua. 

Genus 260. PIABUCINA Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Fiabucina Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXII, 1849, 
122 (161) (P. erythrinoides Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

694. Piabucina panamensis Gill. 

Tripoli, Atlantic slope of the Isthmus of Panama. 

Piabucina panamensis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXVIII, 
1876, .336, Rio Tripoli, Isthmus of Panama. 

695. Fiabucina festse Boulenger. 

Panama. 

Piabucina fester Boulenger, Bull. Mus. Torino, XIV, 1899, 346, I, Rio 
Sahiiia, Panama. 

Genus 261. HOPLIAS GiU. 

Macrodon Miiller, in Wiegmann'.s Archiv, 1843 163, (Macrodon trahira= 

Synodus malabaricus Schneider); name preoccupied in Scisenidse. 
Hoplias Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXVI, 1903, 1016 {Synodus mala- 
baricus Schneider). 

696. Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch). 

iiio Tiiyra Basin; both slopes of Colombia; Ecuador, and south to 

Brazil. 
Esox malabaricus Bloch, Naturgesch. Au.sl. Fische, pt. 8, 1794, 149, 

pi. 392, Tranciuebar; locality wrongly given. 
Macrodon tereira Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, .508, Bahia; San Francisco; Amazon; Maracaibo. 
Erythrinus trahira .\gassiz, in Spi.x, Pise. Bra.sil., 1829, pi. 18, Bahia; 

San Francisco; .\mazon; Maracaibo. 
Erythrinus macrodon Agassiz, loc. cit., 43, pi. 18, Alma, Prov. Bahia, 

San Franci.sco. 
Erythrinus microccphalus .Agassiz, loc. cit., 44, San Francisco. 
Erythrinus brasilicnsis .\gassiz, loc. cit., 4.5, pi. 20, Peruaguacu. 
Macrodon auritus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX. 

1846, .519, Montevideo. 
Macrodon teres Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., .521, Lake Maracaibo. 
Macrodon pntana Cuvier and \'alenciciuies, loc. cit., .522, Cayenne. 
Macrodon aimara Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 586, Cayenne. 
Macrodon Jerox Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 51*, Trinidad. 

697. Hoplias microlepis (Giinther). 

Panama to ]"]cuador. 

Macrodon microlepis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 282, western Ecuador, 
Guatemala. 

Family 84. GASTEROPELICID.a: 

Genus 262. GASTEROPELECUS Gronow. 

(iaslrropelrrus Grf)n()u, Mus. Iclith., II, 1763, 7 (type given in Gen. 
I*"i~li. as ('I II pea sternica L.j. 

698. Gasteropelecus maculatus Stoindachner. Peche-peche. 

Rio .Mamoni, near Panama. 

G aster ojielec us maculatus Stcindachner, Flussfische Siidamerikas, 1879, 
168, Rio .Mamoni, at Chepo, Panama. 



100 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

699. Qasteropelecus sternicla Pallas. 

Surinam; Brazil; Esscquibo. 

Gasteropelecus sternicla Pallas, Spic. Zool., 1780, fasc. 8, p. 50, tab. 3, 
fig. 4. 

Family 85. XIPHOSTOMID.ffi 

Genus 263. CTENOLUCIUS Gill. 

Ctcuoliicius Gill, Suppl., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 8 

{Luciocharax insculptus Steindachner). 
Luciocharax Steindachner, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, XXXIX, 

1878 (1879), 67 (L. insculptus Steindachner). 

700. Ctenolucius insculptus (Steindachner). 

Rio Magdalena and Rio Monioni near Panama. 

Luciocharax iiisculptus Steindachner, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 

XXXIV, 1878 (1879), 67 Rio Magdalena, and Rio Mamoni near 

Panama. 

701. Ctenolucius beani (Fowler). 

Pacific coast of Panama; both slopes of Colombia. 

Bclonocharax bcani Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVIII, 1906, 

464, Rio Truando, a tributary of Rio Atrato, Panama. 
Luciocharax striatus Boulenger, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8, VII, 

1911, 312, Boca de Calmia, Choco. 

Family 86. ANOSTOMID^. (Curimatidse) 

Genus 264-265. CURIMATA Walbaum. 

Curimata Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 80 {Salmo marcgravii Walbaum, 

based on Charax maxilla superiore longiore Gronow, which is Salmo 

cyprinoides Linnaeus). 
Les Curimates Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, II, 1817, 165 {Salmo edentulus 

Bloch) . 
Curimatus of authors generally; altered spelling. 
Curimatella Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., IV, 

1889, 415 (C. lepidurus Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 
Semitapicus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, loc. cit., 415 {Curimatus 

spilurus Giinther). 

701a. Curimata magdalenae Steindachner. Sardina blanca. 
Rio Magdalena and Rio Mamoni, Colombia. 

Curimatus magdalens' Steindachner, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
XXXIX, 1878 (1879), 34, Rio Magdalena, Colombia. 

Family 87. HEMIODONTID.E 

Genus 266. CHARACIDIUM Reinhardt. 

Characidium Reinhardt, Overs. Dansk. Forh. Kj^benhavn, 1866, 56, 
(C. fasciatum Reinhardt). 

702. Characidium marshi Breder. 

Tuyra Basin, Pacific slope of Panama. 

Characidium marshi Breder (C. M.), Amer. Mus. Novitates, CLXXX, 
July 5, 1925, 5, fig. 5, Rio Sucubti, Darien, Panama. 

Genus 267. APAREIODON Eigenmann. 

Apareiodon Eigenmann, Ann. Carnegie Mus., X, 1916, 71 {Parodon 
piracicabx Eigenmann) . 

703. Apareiodon compressus Breder. 

Tuyra Basin, Pacific slope of Panama. 

Apareiodon compressus C. M. Breder, jr., Amer. Mus. Novitates, 
CLXXX, .July 5, 1925, 4, fig. 3, 4, Rio Chucunaque, Panama. 

704. Apareiodon dariensis (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Rio Cupe, Panama. 

Parodon dariensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1913, 83, PI XVII, 1916, Rio Cupe, Pacific slope of Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 101 

Order W. GYMNONOTI 

Family 8S. GYMNOTIDiE 

Genus 268. GYMNOTUS Linnaeus. 

Gymnotus Linnieu-s, Syst. Xat., Ed. X, 175S, 246 (G. carapo L.). 
Carapus Rafinesque, Indice, 37, 1810, 57 {Gymnotus acus Linnaeus, prior 

to Fierasfer Ciivier, not Carapus Cu\\ev = Giton Kaup). 
Carapus Miiller and Troschel, Horse Zool., Ill, 1849, 13 {Gymnotus 

fasciatus Fa.\las = Gymnotus carapo L.). 

705. Gymnotus carapo Linnaus. 

Carapo Marcgrave, Hist. Pise. Brasil., 1648, 170, Brazil. 
Gymnotus carapo Linnseus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 246. 
Gymnotus fasciatus Pallas, Spic. Zool., VII, 1769, 35, fresh waters of 

America; anal rays about 180. 
Gymnotus albus Pallas, loc. cit., 36, Surinam. 
Gymnotus putaol Lac(?pede. Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1801, 176, Brazil. 

Genus 269. APTERONOTUS Lacepede. 

Aptcronotas Lace|;edo, Hist. Xat. Poiss., II, 1800, 208 (.4. passan 
h!icepede = Gymnotus albifrons L.). 

Sternarchus Schneider, Syst. Ichth., Bloch, 1801, 497 {Gymnotus albi- 
frons L.). 

Memarchus Kaup in Duni^ril, Ichth. Anal., 1856, 201 {Gymnotus albi- 
frons L.). 

706. Apteronotus rostratus (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Streams of Panama, in Atlantic drainage, and of Colombia (Rio Cauca). 
SteTiarchus rostratus Meek and Hildetirand, Field Mus. Nat. Hi.st., 
Zool., X, 101.3, S5, Rio CJraiide near Cana, Panama. 

Genus 270. STERNOPYGUS Miiller and Troschel. 

Sternopygns Mullcr and Troschel, Hora- Zool., Ill, 1849, 13 {Gymnotus 

macrurus Bloch and Schneider). 
Carapus Cuvier, lUgne .\niin., Ed. I, 1817, 237 {Gymnotus macrourus 

Bloch and Schneider); not Carapus Rafinescjue, 1810. 
Carapo Oken, Isis, 1S17, 11S3; after Cuvier. 
Giton Kaup, in Dum(5ril, Ichth. .\nal., 1856, 201 {Gymnotus fasciatus 

Pallas). 

707. Sternopygns dariensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Streams (jf Panama, .\tlantic slope. 

Sternopygus tlariensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1916, 309, Rio Tiiyra at Marrigante. 

Genus 271. HYPOPOMUS Gill. 

Ilypopomus dill. IVoc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1S64, 152 (Rhnm- 

phichthys mullcri Kaup). 
Brachyrhamphirhlhys Ciiinther, Cat., VIII, 1890, 6 {Rhamphichlhys 

artcili Kaup I. 

708. Hypopomus brevirostris (Steindaciuicr). 

Panama, on both slopes to Brazil and Rio de la Plata. 

Rhamphichthys brcrirostris Steindachner, Sitzungsb., .\kad. Wiss. Wien, 

LN'III, 18(18, 254, fig. 2, CJarapore, .\mazon, j.t Santarem. 
Jfypo/iotnus occidcntnlis Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XIV, 1914, (8), 

32, Condoto River, ("oionibia. 

Genus 272. EIGENMANNIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Cryptops lOigcnmann, .Vnn. N. V. Acad. Sci., VII, 1894, 626 {Sternopygus 

humbotflti Steindachner); name [)reoccupied. 
Eigenmannia .Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 341 (Sternopygus humboldti Steindachner = »S<ernarc/ius virescens 
Vaiencieiuies). 

709. Eigenmannia virescens (Valenciennes), 

Brazil, n(jrth in Atlantic drainage to Panama. 

Sternarchus virescens Valenciennes, D'Orbigny Voyage, V, 1847, 11. 
Sternopygus lineatas Miiller and Troschel, Schomburgk's Reise, III, 
_ 1848, 640, British Guiana. 
Sternopygus tuniifrons .Miiller and Tro.schcl, Hone Zool., Ill, 1849, 14. 
Strrnoj}i/gus humtxddti Steindachner, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. VVien, 
1878, 55, Rio Magdalona. 



102 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Order X. EVENTOGNATHI. Carps 

Family 89. CATOSTOMIDiE. Suckers and buffalofishes 

Genus 273. CYCLEPTUS Rafinesque. Blackhorse. 

Cycle plus Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., LXXXVIII, 1819, 421 (C nigrescens 

Rafinesque = Ca^o.s<om».s elongatus LeSueur). 
Rhythidosto7nus Heckel, Fisch. Syriens, in Russegger's Reisen, 1842, 

1023 {Catostomus elongatus LeSueur). 

710. Cycleptus elongatus (LeSueur). Blackhorse; Gourdseed sucker; Missouri 

sucker; Suckerel. 
Mississippi valley; rather common in large streams. 
Catostomus elongatus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 

103, Ohio River. 
Cycleptus nigrescens Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., LXXXVIII, 1819, 421, 

Ohio River. 

Genus 274. MEGASTOMATOBUS Fowler. Big-mouthed buffalofish. 

Mcgastumatobus Fowler, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXV, 1913, 45 
(Sclerugnathus cyprinella Cuvier and Valenciennes, the chef de filo of 
these authors for Sclerognathus being Sclerognathus cyprinus) . 

Ichthyobus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1855, 192 (7. bubalus Agassiz; 
not Catostomus bubalus Rafinesque; revised spelling of Ictiobus). 

711. Megastoraatobus cyprinella (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Redmouth 

buffalojish; Common buffalofish; Bigmouth buffalo; Gourdseed buffalo. 
]VIi.ssissipin Valley to Red River of the North; generally abundant in 

larger streams. 
Sclerognathus cyprinella Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVil, 1844, 355 (477), Lake Pontchartrain, La. 

Genus 275. ICTIOBUS Rafinesque. Buffalofishes. 

Ictiobus Rafinesciue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 55 {Amblodon bubalus 

Rafinesciue). 
Bubalichthys Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVIII, 1855, 192 {Car- 
piodes urus Agassiz). 

Subgenus BUBALICHTHYS Agassiz. 

712. Ictiobus urus (Agassiz). Mongrel buffalo; Round buffalo; Black buffalo, 

Chopper. 

Missi.ssii)pi Valley; less common than the others in the large streams; 
the largest and least common of the buH'alo fish. 

ICarpiodcs niger Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 56, Ohio River; 
may be M. cyprinella. 

Carpiodes vrus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 355, Ten- 
nessee River, Ala. 

Bubalichthys urus Agassiz, loc. cit., Ohio River. 

IBubalichthys niger Agassiz, loc. cit., 193, Ohio River. 

"^Bubalichthys bonasus Agassiz, loc. cit., 195, Osage River, Mo. 

Subgenus ICTIOBUS Rafinesque. 

713. Ictiobus bubalus (Rafinesque). Smallmouth buffalo; Razor-backed 

buffalo; Sackertnouth buffalo; Quillback buffalo; Brown' buffalo; Rooter. 
Mississippi Valley and southward; generally abundant. 
lAmblodon bubalus Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., LXXXVIII, 1819, 421, 

Ohio River. 
fCarpiodes taurus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 355, 

Mobile River. 
tCarpiodes vitulus Agassiz, loc. cit., 356, Wabash River at New Har- 
mony. 
Ichthyobus rauchi Agassiz, loc. cit., XIX, 1855, 192. 
Ichthyobus cyanellus Nelson, Bull., 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1876, 49, 

Illinois River. 
Bubalichthys alius Nelson, in Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., 

XXIX, 1877, 73, Cairo, 111. 
Bubalichthys bubalinus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1877, 50, 

Ohio River. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 103 

Genus 276. CARPIODES Rafinesque. Carp suckers. 

Carpiodcs Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 56 (Cafostomus cyprinua 

LeSueur) . 
Sclerognathus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 1844, 

472 {Catostomus cyprinus and Sclerognathus cyprinella Cuvier and 

Valenciennes; restricted to the former by Agassiz, 1854, to the 

latter by Gunther, 1868). 

714. Carpiodes cyprinus (LeSueur). Carp sucker; American carp; Carp; 

Qt/iUbnck. 

Streams about Chesapeake Bay; common in the Chesapeake and 
Potomac, rare in the Delaware. 

Catostomus cyprinus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 91, 
Elk River and other tributaries of Chesapeake Bay. 

Carpiodes vacca Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 356, Sus- 
quehanna River. 

715. Carpiodes carpio (Rafinesque). Carp sucker; Common river carp; Sucker. 

Ohio Valley and southwest to central Texas; generally abundant and 

variable. 
Catostomus carpio Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 56, falls of the 

Ohio River. 
Carpiodes nummifer Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 484, Wabash 

River. 

716. Carpiodes cutisanserinus Cope. 

Allefiheiiy Basin. 

Carpiodes cutisanserinus Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 

481, Kiskiminitas River, Pennsylvania (.\llegheny Basin). 
Carpiodes selenc Cope, loc. cit., 1870, 41; supposed to be from Root 

River, Mich. 

717. Carpiodes diflformis Cope. Blunt-nosed river carp; Sucker. 

Ohio valley and westwarrl; generally common. 

Carpiodes ilijjormis Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 480, 
Wabash River. 

718. Carpiodes bison Aga.ssiz. 

Osage River. 

Carpiodes bison Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 356, 
Osage River, Mo. 

719. Carpiodes thompsoni Agassiz. Lake carp; Drum; Shad (Sandusky, Ohio). 

Creat Lakes region from Lake Champlain to Lake of the Woods, 

cliiefly northward. 
Carpiodes thompsoni Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVIII, 1855, 191, 

Lake Champlain. 

720. Carpiodes velifer (Rafinesque). Silver carp; Quillhack; Spearfish; Sail- 

Jish; Skimhack; Sailing sucker; Sailorfish. 
Mississippi Valley and westward to the upper Missouri; more common 

northwarfl. 
Catostomus relifcr Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 56, Ohio. 
Carpiodes damalis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856 

170, Milk River, Mont. 
Carpiodes grayi Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 482, Western 

Stales. 

721. Carpiodes tumidus Baird and Girard. Metalote; Buffalo. 

Lowland streams and lagoons, from the Rio Grande to the Rio Panuco 

and Tami)ico 
Carpiodes tumidus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 28, Rio Grande at Fort Brown, Tex.; perhaps not separable 

from C. velifer. 

722. Carpiodes labiosus Meek. 

Strcaiu.s of eastern Mexico. 

Carpiodes labiosus Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 29, fii?. 6, 
Valles, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 



104 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

723. Carpiodes elongatus Meek. 

Streams of the east coast of Mexico. 

Carpiodes elongatus Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 28, fig. 5, 

Rio San Juan, Rio Conches, and Rio Sarto Maruta in Tamaulipas, 

Linares, Nueva Leon. 

724. Carpiodes microstomus Meek. 

Tril:)vitaries of the Rio Grande, on the Mexican plateau. 
Carpiodes microstomus Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 27, fig. 
4, Rio Conchos in Chihuahua. 

725. Carpiodes meridionalis (Giinther). 

Southern Mexico and Guatemala. 

Sclerognathus meridionalis Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 23, Rio Usuma- 
cinta, Guatemala. 

Genus 277. NOTOLEPIDOMYZON Fowler. 

Notolepidomijzon Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXV, 1913, 47 
{Pantosleus arizonw Gilbert =^Catosto mus clarki Baird and Girard). 

726. Notolepidomyzon plebeius (Baird and Girard). 

Basin of the Rio Grande, Colorado to Chihuahua; Rio Piedras, Rio 

Casas Grandes; very common. 
Cainstomus plebeius Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., 

VII, 1854, 28, Rio Mimbres, a tributary of Lake Guzman, Chihuahua, 
Mexico. 

Catostomus (Acom,us) guzmaniensis Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 173, 
Rio Janos, tributary to Lago de Guzman, Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Catostovius nebulifcrus Garman, Bull Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 
89, Rio Nazas, Coahuila, Mexico. 

727. Notolepidomyzon clarkii (Baird and Girard). 

Rio Gila, Salt River, and their tributaries in Arizona. 

Catostomus clarkii Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 27, Rio Santa Cruz, Gila Basin, Ariz. 
Pantosteus arizonx Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 

and Mid. Amer., 1896, 170, Salt River, Tempe, Ariz. 

728. Notolepidomyzon santae-anae (Snyder). 

Streams of southern California. 

Pantosteus sanlse-anx Snyder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXXIV, 1908,' 
33, Santa Ana River, at Riverside, Calif. 

729. Notolepidomyzon generosus (Girard). Mountain sucker. 

Colorado Basin. 

Catostomus {Aco7nus) generosus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VIII, 1856, 174, Cottonwood Creek; not in Utah, "no doubt from 
Colorado" (Snyder). 

Genus 278. PANTOSTEUS Cope. Mountain suckers. 

Pantosteus Cope, Wheeler's Surv., V, 1875, 673 {Minomus platijrhynchus 
Cope). 

730. Pantosteus delphinus (Cope). Bluehead sucker. 

Mountain streams tributary to the Colorado River in western Colorado 

and Wyoming; very abundant. 
Minomus delphinus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 435; 

•probably Henry Fork of Green River, Wyo. 
^Minomus bardus Cope, loc. cit., 436; probably Green River, Wyo. 

731. Pantosteus platyrhynchus (Cope). 

Streams of Utah Basin (Provo and Sevier Rivers). 

Minomus platyrhynchus Cope, Proc. Am. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 134, 

Utah Lake at Provo. 
? Minomus jarrovii Cope, loc. cit., 135; "near Provo"; the type lost. 

732. Pantosteus jordani Evermann. 

Upper Missouri and Columbia River Basins. 

Pantosteus jordani Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XII, 1892 (Jan. 

27, 1893), 51, fig. on p. 53; Whitevvood Creek and other streams of 

the Black Hills, S. Dak. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 105 

733. Pantosteus columbianus Eigenmann. 

Columbia Basin. 

Pa?itosteus columbianus Eigenmann, Amer. Xat., Feb. 4, 1893, 151, 
Columbia River; perhaps identical with Pantosteus jordani. 

734. Pantosteus virescens Cope. 

Tributaries of Lake Bonneville basin of Utah; abundant in Weber and 
Bear Rivers; largest of the hard-mouthed or mountain suckers. 

Pantosteus rirescens Cope, Wheeler's Surv., Zool., 1875, 675; by error 
ascribed to Arkansas River at Pueblo; must have come from the 
basin of Utah. 

735. Pantosteus lahontan Rutter. 

Streams of western Nevada; Lahontan Basin. 

Pantosteus lahonton Rutter, Bull. V. ii. Fish Com., XXII, 1902, 146, 

with figure; Susan River, a tril)utary of Honey Lake, Little Truckee 

Ri\er, Pro.sscr Creek; misprint for lahontan. 

Genus 279. CATOSTOMUS leSueur. Fine-scaled sucker. 

Catostomus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 89 (Cyprimis 

catostomus Forster). 
Decactylus Rafinegque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 60 {Catostomus hostoniensis 

^a.finesqne=^Cyprinus comrnersoni Lacepede). 
Stomocatus Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, 1840, Fasc. 129 {Cyprinus calosto- 

mus Forster). 
Minomus Girard. Proc. Acad. Xat. S?i. Phila., VIII, 1856, 173 {Caios- 

tomus insiqnis Baird and Girard). 
Acomus Girard, loc. cit., 173 (Catostomus forsterianus Richardson = 

Cyprinus catostomus Forster). 

Subgenus DECACTYLUS Rafinesque. 

736. Catostomus commcrsonii ,La( ('jjedey. Comtnon sizchcr; White sucker; 

Brook sucker; Fine-.icaled sucker; Black mullet {Sandusky, Ohio); Fine- 
scaled mullit; Bay mare. 
Quebec and tlie Great Lakes to Montana, Colorado, .southward to 

Missouri and Gecjrgia; tlu commoncht of the suckers, excessively 

abundant from Massachusett.s west to Kansas. 
Cyprinus commersonii Lacepede, Hist. Xat. Poiss., V, 1S03, 503, locality 

unknown; wrongly accredited to Commerson, the description and 

figure drawn from an old example long in alcohol. 
Cyprinus teres Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. X. Y., 1815, 458, Xew 

York. 
Catostomus communis LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 

95, 106, Delaware River. 
Catostomus hostoniensis LeSueur, loc. cit., lOG, Boston. 
Catostomus flexuosus Rafausiue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 59, Ohio River. 
Catostomus reticulatus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-.\mer., Fishes, 1836, 

303, Alliany River. 
Catostomus gracilis Kirtland, Kept. Zool. Ohio, 1838, 169, Cleveland, 

Ohio. 
Catostomus pallidas DeKay, Xew York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 200, Xew 

York. 
Catostomus sucklii Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 175, 

Milk River, Mont. 
Catostomus chloropteron .\l)bott, loc. cit., XII, 1800, 473, Kansas. 
ICatostomus alticolus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 138, 

Twin Lake, Colo. 
Moxostoma Irisignaturr. Cope, Wheeler's Surv., V, Zool., 1875, 679, 

Arkansas River. 
ICalostomus utawana Mather, Twelfth Rept., X- Y. Fish Com., Surv. 

of Adirondacks, 1884, 36, Blue Mountain Lakes, X. Y.; dwarf form. 

737. Catostomus ardens Jordan and Gilbert. Mullet of Utah Lake. 

Cipcat basin of (tah ancj upper Snake River; Idaho; i(K-ally abundant. 
Catostomus ardens Jordan aiifl Gilbert, Proj. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 
464, Utah Lake, Provo, Utah. 



106 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

738. Catostomus occidentalis Ayres. Sacramento sucker. 

Streams of northern and central California and southern Oregon. 

Catostonms occidentalis Ayres, Proo. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 18.54, IS, 
San Francisco. 

Catostomus lahiatus Ayres, loc. cit., 1855, 32, San Joaciuin River, Stock- 
ton, Calif. 

Catostomus arseopus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 173, 
South Fork of Kern River, Calif. 

739. Catostomus tsiltcoosensis Evermann and Meek. 

Coastal streams of Oregon. 

Catostomus tsiltcoosensis Evermann and Meek, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 
XVII, 1897, 66, fig. 1, Tsilcoos Lake, Lane Co., Oreg. 

740. Catostomus snyderi Gilbert. 

Klamath Basin, California and Oregon. 

Catostomus snyderi Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 1897 (Jan. 6, 
1898), 3, Upper Klamath Lake, Oreg. 

741. Catostomus microps Rutter. 

Streams of the lava beds of California. 

Catostomus microps Rutter, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXVII, 1907 (1908), 

120, fig. 1; Rush Creek, a tributary of Ash Creek, Aden, Modoc Co., 

Calif. 

742. Catostomus macrocheilus Girard. Columbia River sucker; Biglip sucker. 

Columl)ia River Basin, as far up as Flathead Lake, Montana; Upper 
Salmon Falls and the headwaters of Salmon River, Idaho. 

Catostomus macrocheilus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 
1856, 175, Astoria, Oreg. 

743. Catostomus insignis Baird and Girard. 

Gila Basin, Ariz. 

Catostomus insignis Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VII, 1854, 28, Rio San Pedro, Ariz. 
Catostomus gila Kirsch, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 555, Rio Gila, 

Fort Thomas, Ariz. 

744. Catostomus bernardini Girard. 

San Bernardino Creek, a tributary of Rio Yacjui, on the boundary of 

Arizona and Sonora. 
Catostomus bernardini Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

175, San Bernardino Creek, Ariz. 

745. Catostomus sonoriensis Meek. 

Rivers of Sonora on the Pacific slope. 

Catostomus sonoriensis Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ser. Ill, No. 6, 

May, 1902, 75, PI. XVI, Rio Paphigtjchic, Miiiaca, Chihuahua, 

Mexico. 

Subgenus CATOSTOMUS LeSueur. 

746. Catostomus catostomus (Forsler). Long-nosed sucker; Northern sucker; 

Red sucker; Black sucker (Sandusky, Ohio); Sturgeon sucker. 
Great Lakes; uj^per Mi.ssouri River; Ohio Basin; West Virginia; 

upper Columbia; eastward to Maine anrl northwestward to Alaska; 

very abundant northward. 
Cyprinus catostomus Forstcr, Philos. Trans., LXIII, 1773, 155, tab. 6, 

streams about Hudson Bay. 
Catostomus longirostrum and hudsonius LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., I, 1817, 102, 107, Vermont; after Forster. 
Catostomus forsterianus Richardson, Franklin's Jour., 1823, 720, Lake 

Huron; Great Slave Lake. 
Catostomus aurora Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 360, Lake Superior. 
Catostomus nanomyzon Mather, Twelfth Rep., N. Y. Fish Com., Surv. 

of Adirondacks, 1884, 36, Big Moose Lake, northern New York; 

dwarf f(^rm. 

747. Catostomus richardsoni Harper and Nichols. Gray sucker. 

Streams of northwestern Canada. 

Catostomus richardsoni Harjjer and Nichols, Bull., Amer. Mus. Nat. 
Hist., XLI, 1919, 263, PI. XV, fig. 1, type locality not designated. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 107 

748. Catostomus griseus Girard. 

Platte River and upper Missouri region. 

Catostomus (Acojnus) griseus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 

1856, 174, Sweetwater Fork of Platte River. 
'^.C atostomus {Acomus) lactarnis Girard, loc. cit., 174, Milk River, Mont. 

749. Catostomus retropinnis Jordan. 

Northern Montana. 

Catostomus retropinnis Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 178, 
Milk River, Mont. 

750. Catostomus pocatello Gilbert and Evermann. Moo-gad-ee of the Fort 

Hall Indians. 
Upper Snake River. 
Catostomus pocatallo Gilbert and Evermann, Bull., U. S. Fish Com., 

XIV, 1894, 189, pi. 21, fig. 1, Ross fork of Snake River, near Pocatello, 

Idaho. 

751. Catostomus tahoensis Gill and Jordan. Tahoe sucker. 

Lake Tahoe and Humboldt River, Nev. 

Catostomus tahoensis Gill and Jordan, in Jordan, Bull., U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XII, 1S7S, 173. Lake Tahoe, Calif. 

752. Catostomus discobolus Cope. 

L'pper Colorado Basin. 

Catostomus discobolus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870 (1872), 
4.3.5, Green River, Wyo. 

753. Catostomus chamberlaini (Rutter). 

Chasmistes chamberlnni Rutter, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 
(1904), 147, Eagle Lake (a lake without outlet in the Lahontan 
Basin); api)arently a variant of C. tahoensis. 

Ib^. Catostomus latipinnis Baird and Girard. Flannel-mouthed sucker. 
Rio Colorado and Rio Gila and their tril)utaries. 

Catostomus latipinnis Baird and Girard, Proc. .Vcad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
VI, 1853, 3S8, Rio San Pedro, Gila Basin, Ariz. 

755. Catostomus conchos Meek. 

Catostomus conchos Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zoul., Ill, 1902, 75, Rio 
Conchos, Jimenez, Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Genus 280. HYPENTELIUM Rafinesque. 

Hijinntilium Ratincs(|uc, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1818, 421 
(//. macroplcctum Riii\ui'S(.\nv — Catostomus nigricans LeSueur). 

Euri/stomus Rafinescjue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 59 iCatostornus megastomus 
Rafinescpie), ba.sed on an incorrect drawing of Hypentelium nigricans. 

Ilijlomyzon Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1855, 205 {Catostomus nigri- 
cans LeSueur). 

756. Hypentelium nigricans (LeSueur). Black sucker; Mud sucker; Hog 

sucker; SlonerolUr; Toter; Crawl-a-bottom; Hammerhead; Stonelugger; 

Hogmollij; Bootleg sucker; Spotted sucker; Niggerhead. 
New York to Minnesota, Kan.sas, Arkan.sas, and the Carolinas; abun- 
dant in swift or rocky streams. 
Catostomus nigricans LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 102, 

Lake Erie. 
Catostomus maculosus LeSueur, loc. cit., 103, Pipe Creek, Md. 
Hypentelium macroplerum Rafinesque, loc. cit., I, 1817, 420, Ohio River. 
Catostomus xanthopus Rafinescjue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 57, Ohio River. 
Catostomus nigricans etowanus Jordan, Ann. Lvc. Nat. Hist. N. Y., 

XI, 1876 (1877), 345, Etowah River, Rome, Ga. 
Catostomus megastomus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 59; based 

on incorrect drawing. 
Cato.'ftomus planiceps Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVII, 1S14, 334 (450), 1844, Wabasli River. 

Genus 281. THOBURNIA Jordan and Snyder. 

Thoburnia Jordan and Snyder, Copeia, October 4, 1017, 88 {Catostomus 
rhothu^cus Thoburu). 



108 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

757. Thoburnia rhothceca (Thohurn). 

Headwaters of Tennessee River. 

Catoslomus rhotho'cus Thoburn, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 

and Mid. Amer., 1896, 181, upper tributaries of Tennessee River; 

supposed to bo from the French Broad River at Wolf Creek, Tenn. 

Genus 282. CHASMISTES Jordan. 

Chasmistes Jordan, Bull., Hayden's Geol. Surv. Terr., IV, No. 2, 1878, 

417 {C. fecundus Jordan; not Catostomus fccundus Cope and Yarrovv = 

Chasmistes liorus Jordan). 
Lipomyzon Cope, Amer. Nat., XV, ISSl, 59 {Chasmistes brevirostris 

Cope). 
Piihecomyzon Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXV, 1913, 54 

{Chasmistes cnjvs Cope). 

Subgenus LIPOMYZON Cope. 

758. Chasmistes fecundus (Cope and Yarrow). Webug sucker. 

rtali Lake. 

Catostomus fecundus Cope and Yarrow, Wheeler's Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 
678, l^tah Lake. 

759. Chasmistes brevirostris Cope. 

Klaniatli Lake, Orcg. 

Chasmistes brevirostris Cope, Amer. Nat., XIII, 1879, 785, Klamath 
Lake, Oreg. 

760. Chasmistes stomias Gilbert. 

Upper Klamatli Lake, Orcg. 

Chasmistes stomias Gilbert, Bull., U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 1897 (1898), 
5, te.\t figure. Upper Klamath Lake, Oreg. 

761. Chasmistes liorus Jordan. June sucker. 

Utah Lake. 

Chasmistes liorus Jordan, Bull., U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 249, Utah 
Lake at Provo, Utah. 

762. Chasmis es cujus Cope. Couia; Ku^eewce; Quiwee. 

Pvramid Lake, Nevada; locallv alnindant. 

Chasmistes cujus Cape, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sni. Phila., XXXV, 1883, 149, 
Pyramid Lake, Nev. 

763. Chasmistes copei Evermann and Meek. Tsuuim. 

Klamath Lakes, Oreg. 

Chasmistes copei Evermann and Meek, Bull., U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 
1894 (1898), 70, fig. 3; Pelican Bay, Upi)>n- Klamath Lake, Orcg. 

Genus 283. DELTISTES Seale. 

Ddtistrs Seale, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci.. scr. 2, VI, 189G, 269 {Chasmistes 

liixiitus ('()))e). 

764. Deltistes luxatus ((-ope). Tswam; Lost River sucker. 

Klamath Lake and River, Oreg; abundant. 

Chasynistes luxatus Cope, Amer. Nat., XIII, 1S79, 784, Klamath Lake, 

Oreg. 
Catostomus rex Eigeiuiiann, loc. cit., XXV, July, 1891, ()()7, Lost River, 

Orcg. 

Genus 284. XYRAUCHEN Eigenmann and Kirsch. liazorback suckers. 
Xyrauchen Eigenmann and Kirsch, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 
556 {Catostomus cypho Lockington = Ca<o.sioTOUs texanus Abbott). 

765. Xyrauchen texanus (.\bbott). Razorback sucker; Humpback sucker. 

Basin of tlu! Coh)rado and Gila Rivers (not in Texas). 

Catostomus texanus ,\bl)ott, Pnjc. Acacl. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 

473, Colorado and New Rivers, Ariz. 
Catostomus rypho Lockington, loc. cit., 1880, 237, Colorado River at 

moiitii of the (Jila, Ariz. 
Xyrauchen uucompahgre Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 

1889, 26, Uncompahgre River delta, Colo.; young example, probably 

the .same. 

Genus 285. ERIMYZON Jordan. Chub suckers. 

Erimyzon Jordan, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1876, 95 {Cyprinus 
oblongus Mitchill). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 109 

766. Erimyzon sucetta (Lacepede). Chub; Chub sucker; Creekfish; Creek 

sucker. 
Coastwise streams, Pennsylvania and south; very abundant southward. 
Cyprinus sucetta Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 606, South 

Carolina. 
Moxostoma kennerlyi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

171, Dry Creek, Victoria, Te.x. 
Mcxostoma campbelli Girard, loc. cit., 172, Live Oak Creek and Devil 

River, Tex. 
Moxostoma tenue Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1855, 203, Mobile. Ala. 
Erimyzon goodei Jordan, Bull. V. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 148, St. 

•Johns River, Fla. 

767. Erimyzon oblongus (Mitchill). Chuh sucker; Sweet sucker; Mullet; Creek 

fish; Pin minnow. 
Great Lakes region to Maine and the Dakotas, south to Virginia and 

Oklahoma; very abundant; replacing the deeper-bodied sucetta north- 
ward; the two probably intergrading. 
Cyprinus oblongus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 459, 

S'evv York. 
Catostomus gibbosus LeSueur, Connecticut River, Northampton; tubercu- 

latus, Germantown, Pa.; and vittatus, Wissahickon River, Pa.; Jour. 

Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 92, 93, 104. 
Catostomus fasciolaris Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 58, Ohio River. 
Labeo elegans, New York; esopus, New York; and elongntus, Mohawk 

River; DeKay, N. Y. I^auna: Fishes, 1842, 192, 195, 394. 
Moxostoma clariformis Girard, I rcc. Aced. Nat. Sci. 1 ila., VIII, 1856, 

171, Coal ("reck, Canadian River, Indian Territory [Okla.] 

Genus 286. MINYTREMA Jordan. Spotted suckers. 

Mini/tremn Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 1878, 318 (Catostomus melanops 
Rafinesque). 

768. Minytrema melanops (Rafiiiesciue). Spotted sucker; Striped sucker; 

Winter sucker; Sand sucker; Black winter sucker. 
Great Lakes region to North Carolina and west to Te.vas and Montana; 

rather common westward. 
Catostomus melanops Rafincscjue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 57, Ohio River. 
Catostomus fasciatus LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 

Poiss., XVII, 1S44. 333 (449), Mississippi River. 
Moxostoma victoriae Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., \TII, 1S56, 

171, Dry Creek, Victoria, Tex. 
Ptyrhostomus haydeni Girard, loc. cit., 172, Yellowstone River; Missouri 

River at Fort Pierre, Xeb. 

Genus 287. MOXOSTOMA Rafinesque. Redhorse. 

Moxostoma Rafincsciue, Ichtii. Ohiensis, 1820, 54 (Catostomus anisurus 
Rafinesque). 

Terelulus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 57 (Catostomus aureolus LeSueur). 

Ptychostornus Aga.'^siz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts., XIX, 1855, 203 (Catos- 
tomus aureolus LeSueur). 

Af/jXDslonid Jordan; corrected orthography. 

760. Moxostoma papillosum (Cope). White mullet. 

Lowland .streams, from the Dismal Swamp in Virginia to the Ocmulgee 

River, Ga. 
Ptyrhostotnus papillosus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 
470, Catawba and Yadkin Rivers, N. C. 

770. Moxostoma anisurum (Rafinesque). White-nosed sucker. 

i)\\u> River. (Ireat Lakes region and Lake of the Woods; not very 

coninon, but widely distributed. 
Catostomus anisurus Rafinesc|ue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 54, Ohio River. 
Caldstomus rarpin Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 

1S44, 457, Lake Ontario, not of Rafincscjue. 
Ptychostornus velatus Cope, Proc. .\mer. Phil. Soc., XI, 1870, 471, 

Youghiogheny River, Pa. 
Moxostoma valenriennesi Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 

73; substitute for Catostomus carpio Cuvier and Valenciennes; 

preo(cupied. 

6424°— 29 8 



110 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

771. Moxostoma bucco (Cope). 

Missouri River at St. Joseph. 

Ptychosfoinus bucco Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wye, 1870, 437, St. 
Joseph, Mo.; a doubtful species alUed to M. anisurum. 

772. Moxostoma pidiense (Cope). 

Great Pedee Basin, the CaroUnas. 

Ptychostomus pidietisis Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 

471, Yadkin River, N. C. 

773. Moxostoma collapsum (Cope). 

Lowland streams of North Carolina. 

Ptychontomus collapsus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 471, 
Neuse, Yadkin, and Catawba Rivers, N. C. 

774. Moxostoma coregonus (Cope). Blue mullet. 

Catawba and Yadkin Rivers, N. C. 

Ptychostomus coregonus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 

472, Catawl)a and Yadkin Rivers. 

775. Moxostoma album' (Cope). 

Rivers of North Carolina. 

Ptychostomus albus Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 472, 
Catawba River, N. C. 

776. Moxostoma thalassinum (Cope). 

Yadkin River, N. C. 

Ptychostomus thalasstJius Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 
472, Yadkin River, N. C. 

777. Moxostoma congestum (Baird and Girard). Texas redhorse. 

Streams of Texas. 

Catostomus congestus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VII, 1854, 27, Rio Salado, Tex. 
Ptychostomus albidus Girard, loc cit., VIII, 1856, 172, Rio San Juan, 

Monterey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 

778. Moxostoma austrinum (Bean.) 

Rio dc Santiago, Mexico; known from Michoacan, Mexico (west of 

Sierra Madre) ; Rio Lerna at Salamanca. 
Myxostoma nustrina Bean, Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 302, Piedad 

in Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico. 

779. Moxostoma mascotae Regan. 

Streams of Jalisco (Pacific drainage), Mexico. 

Moxostoma mascots: Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., 1907, 147, Tai). 
XXIV, fig. 2, Rio Mascota, Mexico. 

780. Moxostoma parvidens Regan. 

Rio Grande Basin. 

Moxostoma -parvidens Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., 1907, 147, Tab. 
XXIV, fig. 3, Rio Grande at Juarez, Mexico. 

781. Moxostoma aureolum (LeSucur). Common redhorse; Mxdlet; White 

sucker; Large-scaled sucker; Sucker. 
Lake Ontario and Lake Michigan to the Missouri River and Lake of 

the Woods, south to Arkansas and Georgia; very abundant west of 

Alleghenies. 
Catostomus aureolus LeSueur, Jour., Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 

95, Lake Erie near Buffalo. 
Catostomus duquesnii LeSucur, loc. cit., I, 105, 1817, Ohio River at 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Catostomus erythurus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., Ill, 1818, 354, 

355, Ohio River. 
Catostomus oneida DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 198, Oneida 

Lake. 
Rutilus melanurus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 51, Ohio River. 
Myxostoma euryops Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 348, 

Oostanaula River, Rome, Ga.; probably a monstrosity of this 

species. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 111 

782. Moxostoma lesueuri (Richardson). Picconou. 

Tributaries of Hudson Bay and westward. 

Catostomus lesueuri Richardson, FrankUn's Jour., 1823, 1772, Pine 
Island Lake, British America. 

783. Moxostoma macrolepidotum (LeSueur). Mullet; Red mullet; Eastern 

redhorse; River sucker. 
Streams about Chesapeake and Delaware Bays and southward to 

North Carohna; east of the Alleghenies. 
Catostomus macrolepidotus LeSueur. Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 

1817, 94, Delaware River. 
Ptychostomus lachrymalis Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 474, 

Neuse River at 5s^ewbern, N. C. 

784. Moxostoma robustum (Cope). 

Yadkin River, N. C. 

Ptychostomus robustus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 473, 
Yadkin River, N. C. 

785. Moxostoma crassilabre (Cope). 

Streams of eastern North Carolina. 

Ptychostomus crassilahris Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 477, 
Neuse River near Raleigh, N. C. 

786. Moxostoma convis (Cope). 

Ncu.sc and Yadkin Rivers, N. C. 

Ptychostomus conus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 478, Yadkin 
River, N. C. 

787. Moxostoma breviceps (Cope). Short-headed redhorse. 

Oliio Valley and Great Lakes region; abundant in Lake P>ie. 
Ptychostomus breviceps Cope, Proc. .Vmer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 478, 
Youghioghcny River, Pa. 

788. Moxostoma pcecilurum (Jordan). 

Suuthern Mississippi to eastern Texas; Pearl, Tangipahoa, and Sal)ine 
Rivers. 

Myzostoma pcBcilura Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mas., X, 1877, 66, Tangi- 
pahoa River, La. 

789. Moxostoma alleghaniensis Nichols. 

Mountain streams of North Carolina. 

Moxostoma allcfihiniiruKis Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XX.X, I'.Ml, 27."). I'l. XI, fiti. 1, -Marshall, N. C. 

Genus 288. SCARTOMYZON Fowler. 

Scartomyzon Fowler, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXV, 1913, 59 
{J'tychostomus cervinus Cope). 

790. Scartomyzon rupiscartes (Jordan aiul Jenkins). .Tumprocks. 

Rivers of tlie Caroliiias and Coorgia, from the Catawba to the Chatta- 
hoochee; locally abundant. 

Moxostoma rupiscartes Jordan and Jenkins, Proc. U. vS. Nat. Mus., 
XI, 1888, 3.53, Catawba River at Morgantown, and various otlier 
streams, representing Scartomyzon cervinus .southward. 

791. Scartomyzon cervinus (Cope). Jumping mullet; Crawl-a-botlom. 

Piivers of the South .Vtlantic States, from the James to the Neuse. 
Terclalus cervinus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 236, 
headwaters of the Roanoke and James Rivers, Va. 

Genus 289. PLACOPHARYNX Cope. 

Pliiraph'irunx (Jopc, Proc .Vmer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 467 (P. carinatus 
("opo. 

792. Placopharynx carinatus Cope. White sucker; Big-toothed redhorse. 

Michigan to Tenne.s.see, Georgia, aiifl Arkansas; abundant in large 

streams, especially in the Ozarks. 
Placopharynx carinatus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 467, 

Wabash River. 



112 XJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 290. LAGOCHILA Jordan and Brayton. Rabbitmouth swkers. 

Lagochila Jordan and Brayton, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 
1877 280, (L. lacera Jordan and Brayton); not Lagocheilus, an 
earlier genus of mollusks. 

Qiiassilabia Jordan and Brayton, Man. Vert., Ed. II, 1878, 406 {Lago- 
chila lacera Jordan and Brayton) ; substitute for Lagochila, regarded 
as preoccupied. 

793. Lagochila lacera Jordan and Brayton. Harelip sucker; Cut-lips; Split- 

mouth sucker; May sucker; Rabbitniouth sucker; Pealip sucker. 
Mis.si.ssippi Valley; Ozark Mountains; Scioto, Tippecanoe, Clinch, 

Cumberland, and Chickamauga Rivers, and the White River of 

Arkansas; nowhere very common. 
Lagochila lacera Jordan and Brayton, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XXIX, 1877, 280, Chickamauga River, Ringgold, Ga. 

Family 90. CYPRINIDiE. Daces and minnows 

In arranging the genera of this by far the largest natural family of 
fishes, we have begun the series with the forms having closest affinity 
with Asiatic and then with European types — these having largely 
five teeth in the main row on the pharyngeals. Later follow the 
characteristically American forms, more or less degenerate as com- 
pared with the possible European ancestors, the series closing with 
aberrant forms from the same stock. 

Genus 291. ORTHODON Girard. 

Orthodon Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 182 {Gila 
microlepidola Ayres) . 

794. Orthodon microlepidotus (Ayres). Blackfish. 

Larger rivers and lakes of central and northern California; generally 

abundant. 
Gila microlepidola Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 21, 

Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, Calif. 

Genus 292. ACROCHEILUS Agassiz. Chiselmouths. 

Acrocheilus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 96 {A. alutaceus 
Agassiz and Pickering). 

795. Acrocheilus alutaceus Agassiz and Pickering. Chisehnouth; Square- 

mouth; Hardmouth. 

Lakes and rivers of southea.stern Oregon; lower Columbia and tribu- 
taries as far up as Spokane and Shoshone Falls. 

Acrocheilus alutaceus Agassiz and Pickering, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 
XIX, 1855, 99, Willamette Falls and Walla Walla River, Oreg. 

Genus 293. MYLOCHEILUS Agassiz. 

Mylocheilus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 229 {M. lateralis 
.\gassiz and Pickering). 

796. Mylocheilus lateralis Aga.ssiz and Pickering. Columbia River chub. 

Columbia and Frazer River Basins; ascending to Flathead Lake and 

Shoshone Falls. 
Mylocheilus lateralis Agassiz and Pickering, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1855, 

231, Columbia River at Fort Vancouver; confused by recent writers 

with Leuciscus caurinus Richardson, which is a near relative of 

Richardsonius balteatus. 

797. Mylocheilus fraterculus Girard. 

Mylocheilus fraterculus Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 
169, "Monterey, Calif."; a doubtful record, as no Mylocheilus has 
been yet found in California; scales about 85; 77 in Mylocheilus 
lateralis. 

Genus 294. MYLOPHARODON Ayres. 

Mylopharodon Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 33 {M. 
robustus Ayres = M ylopharodon conocephalus Girard). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 113 

798. Mylopharodon conocephalus (Baird and Girard). Kaweah chub. 

Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, Calif.; southeastern Oregon, Pit 

River and Big Valley. 
Gila conocephala Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 135, San Joaquin River, Calif. 
Mylopharodon robustus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 33, 

San Joaquin River, Calif. 

Genus 295. STYPODON Garman. 

Stypodon Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 90 {S. signifer 
Garman) . 

799. Stypodon signifer Garman. 

Lago de Parras, an isolated lagoon in Coahuila, Mexico. 
Stypodon signifer Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 90, 
Lago de Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. 

Genus 296. CHROSOMUS Rafinesque. 

Chrosomus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 47 {Luxilus eryihrogaster 
Rafinesque). 

800. Chrosomus erythrogaster Rafinesque. Red-bellied dace. 

New Brunswick to Ohio, Wisconsin, Colorado, and northern Alabama; 

St. Lawrence River; chiefl\' or entirely west of the Alleghenies; very 

abundant northward. 
Luxilus or Chrosomus erythrogaster Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 

47, Ohio River. 
Chrosomus pyrrhogaster Jordan, Man. Vert., Ed. I, 1876, 284, White 

River, Ind. 

801. Chrosomus eos Cope. 

Streams east of the Alleghenies, north to the Susquehanna; scarce. 
Chrosomus eos Cope, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 523, 
Meshoppen Creek, Susquehanna River, Pa.; perhaps a variation of 

Chrosom us erythrogaster. 

802. Chrosomus oreas Cope. 

Headwaters of Roanoke River, and clear tributaries of the Tennessee 

River. 
Chrosomus oreas Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 233, 

head of Roanoke River, Montgomery County, Va. 

803. Chrosomus dakotensis Evermann and Cox. 

Chrosomus dakotensis Evermann and Cox, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., 
XIX, 1.S9."), Crow Creek, Chamberlain, S. Dak. 

Genus 297. LAVINIA Girard. 

Lavinia Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 137 (L. exili- 

cauda Baird and Girard). 
Luxilinus Jordan, Cat. Fishes N. Amer., 1885, 33 (Laucosomus occi- 

dentalis Baird and Girard); young. 

804. Lavinia exilicauda Baird and Girard. Hitch; Chigh. 

Streams of the coast ranges about San Francisco and Monterey; 

locall}- common as far north as Clear Lake, Calif. 
Lavinia exilicauda Baird and Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VII, 18.54, 137, Sacramento River, Calif. 
Leucosomus occidentalis Baird and (iirard, loc cit., VII, 1854, 137, Poso 

Creek; Four Creeks, Calif.; young of L. exilicauda. 
Lavinia harengus Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 184, Monterey, Calif. 

Genus 298. OXYGENEUM Forbes. 

Oxygeneum Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., II, 1885, 136 (0. pul- 
verulentum Forbes). 

806. Oxygeneum pulverulentum Forbes. 
Illinois Kiver, 111. 

Oxygeneum pulverulentum Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., II, 1885, 
136, Illinois River, 111. 

Genus 299. PTYCHOCHEILUS Agassiz. Squawfish. 

rtyrhorheili/s Agassiz, .Xmer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 227 (/•*. gra- 
cilis Ag&Bsiz = Cj/prinus (Leuciscus) oregonensis Richardson). 



114 r. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

806. Ptychocheilus oregonensis (, Richardson). Squaicfish; Chappaul; White- 

fish. 
Rivers of Oregon and Washington, in the Columbia Basin to Montana 

and Idaho, and northward to British Columbia. 
Cyprinus {Leuciscus) oregonensis Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., 

Ill, 1836, 305. Columbia River. 
Ptychocheilus gracilis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts. XIX, 1S55, 229, 

Willamette River. 

807. Ptychocheilus grandis (Ayres). Sacramento pike; Sacramento squawfish. 

Rivers of California and southeastern Oregon; Pit River. 

Gila grandis Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Xat. Sci., I, 1854, 18, San Fran- 
cisco. 

Ptychocheilus major Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 229, 
San Francisco. 

Ptychocheilus harfordi Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 72, Sacramento River; scales 90 to 95, a variant with smaller 
scales. 

808. Ptychocheilus lucius Girard. White salmon of the Colorado; Colorado 

River squaicfish. 
Colorado River Basin, in all larger streams from Rio Uncompahgre to 

the Gulf of California; largest of American Cyprinidx, reaching 80 

pounds. 
Ptychocheilus lucius Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 209, 

Rio Colorado. 

809. Ptychocheilus umpquas Snyder. 

Coastal streams of Oregon. 

Ptychocheilus umpqus Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXVII, 1907 
(1908), 170, fig. 2, in part, Callopooia Creek, Oakland, Oreg. 

Genus 300. GILA Baird and Girard. 

Gila Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1853, 368 
\G. rohusta Baird and Girardj. 

810. Gila elegans Baird and Girard. Bony-tail; Gila trout; Verde trout. 

Colorado and Gila Rivers; abundant in river channels. 

Gila elegans Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1853, 

369, Zuni, Colorado, and Gila Rivers. 
Gila emoryi Baird and Girard, loc. cit., 388, Gila River. 

811. Gila robusta Baird and Girard. Roundtail. 

Tributaries of the Rio Colorado and Rio Gila; very common up to the 
foot of the mountains in Colorado. 

Gila rohusta Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1853, 
368, Zuni River. 

Gila gracilis Baird and Girard, loc. cit., 360, Zuni River. 

Gila grahami Baird and Girard, loc. cit., 389, Rio San Pedro, tributary 
to Rio Gila. 

Ptychocheilus rorax Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 209, locality unknown. 

Leuciscus zunnensis Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 241, Zufii River; sub- 
stitute for gracilis, preoccupied in Leuciscus. 

Gila affinis Abbott, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 474, prob- 
ablv erroneouslv ascribed to Kansas River. 

Gila nacrea Cope," Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870 (1871), 441, tribu- 
tary of Green River, Wyo.; young, perhaps of G. elegans. 

812. Gila seminuda Cope and Yarrow. 

PlIo Virgeii, in Utah and Xevarla. 

Gila seminuda Cope and Yarrow, Wheeler's Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 666, 
Rio Virgen, Xev. 

813. Gila minacae Meek. 

Strr-arn.s fjf Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Gila minocif Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, May, 1902, 80, Rio 
Paphigochic, Mifiaca, Chihuahua, Mex. 

Genus 301. NOTEMIGONUS Rafinesque. 

Xotemigonas Rafir.esf|ue, Jour. Phys., LXXXVIII, 1819, 420, (AT. 

auratus Rafine.sque = C'/y7>rinu.s- crysoleucas Mitchill). 
Hemiplus Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., I, 1820, 6 {H. lacustris Rafinesque). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 115 

814. Notemigonus crysoleucas (Mitchill). Roach; Sunfish; Dace; Bitter- 

head; Shiner; Chub; Bream; Gudgeon; Young shad; Windfish. 
Nova Scotia and Maryland to the Dakotas. 

Cyprinus crysoleucas ilitchill, Rept., Fish. N. Y., 1814, 23, New York. 
Cyprinus hemiplus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1817, 121, 

Lake George, Saratoga, N. Y. 
Notemigonus auratus Rafinesque, Jour. Phj-s., LXXXVIII, 1819, 421, 

Ohio River. 
Hemiplus lacustris Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., I, 1820, 6, Lake George. 
Abramis versicolor DeKay. N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 191, Connecticut 

and Hudson Rivers; Pcekskill. 

815. Notemigonus bosci (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Rivers of the South Atlantic States; abundant from the James to the 
Altamaha. 

Leuciscus boscii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 1844, 
232 (313), Carolina, Pennsylvania, and New York. 

Cyprinus americanus Linn;eus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 530, Charles- 
town; name preoccupied. 

Notemigonus ischanus Jordan, Ann. Lvc. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 
364, South Fork Ocmulgee River, Flat Shoals, Ga. 

Luxilus leptosomus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 203, 
Dry Creek, Victoria, Te.\. 

Luxilus seco Girard, loc. cit., 203, Rio Seco. tril:)utary of Rio Nue es, Tex. 

816. Notemigonus gardoneus (.Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

South Carcjliiia. 

Leuciscus gardoneus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 
1844, 235 (316), Charleston, S. C; perhaps a hybrid. 

Genus 302. OPSOPCEODUS Hay. 

Opsopoodus Hay, Pk.c. l'. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, ISSO, 507 (O. emilis' Hay). 
Trycharodon Forbes, in Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVI. 
1882, 247 (7'. megalops Forbes). 

817. Opsopoeodus emiliae Hay. 

Lake Krie and southern Indiana and Illinois to Georgia and Mississippi. 
Opsopaodus itniliu' Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1S80, 507, .Artesia, 
Macon, anrl Enterprise, Miss. 

818. Opsopoeodus osculus Kvcrniann. 

Kii) Ncclu s aiiti otluT streanis about Palestine and Houston, Tex. 
Opsopwodus osculus Evermaiui, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1S91 (1892), 
82, Neches River near Palestine, Tex. 

819. Opsopoeodus borealis Harper and Nichols. Athabaskn minnoiv. 
Si reams of .Mherta. 



Opso])fcodus borealis Harper and Nichrtls, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XLI, 266, Lake Athabaska at Fort Chipewyan, Alberta, Canada. 

820. Opsopoeodus megalops (Forbes). 

W'cslern Ohio to Illinois. 

Trychierodon megalops Forbes, in Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 
247, Illinois River at Pekin and Peoria, 111. 

Genus 303. OPSOPffiA Jordan and Evermann. 

Opso/tira .liirdaii and l^Ncrniaiin, l''i.Nlics North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
247 i()i)s<)pin)dus bollmani Gilbert). 

821. Opsopoea bollmani (Gilbert). 

Lowland swamps of the Southern States; known from Satilla River, 

Wavcross, Ga., and Obion River, Cvpress, Teiui. 
Opsopa-odus bollmani Gilbert, Bull. U.'S. Fish Com., VIII, 1888 (1890), 

226, Buckland Creek, Millen, Ga. 

Genus 304. ALGANSEA Girard. 

Algnnsrn (iirard, I'roc .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 182 {LeucisoAs 
linrello (awUt and Valenciennes). 

822. Algansea tincella (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Lakes about the City of iVlexico and in streams of central Mexico. 
Leuciscus tincella Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 
1844, 240 (323), City of Mexico. 



116 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

823. Algansea dugesi Bean. 

Central Mexico, in streams tributary to Rio de Lerma, Lake Yuriria in 

Guanajuato. 
Algansea dugesi Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XV, 1892, 283, Lake 

Yuriria, Guanajuato, Mex. 
?Algansea tarascorum Steindachner, Einige Fischarten Mexicos, 1895, 

11, pi. 3, figs. 2-2c, Lake Patzcuaro, Mex. 

824. Algansea lacustris Steindachner. 

Lake Patzcuuru, Jalisco, Mexico. 

Algaiisea lacustris Steindachner, Einige Fischarten Mexicos, 1895, 10, 
pi. 3, figs. 1 and 16, Lake Patzcuaro. 

825. Algansea sallaei (Gvinthcr). 

Streams of central Mexico. 

Ceratichthys sallsi Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 484, Cuernavaca, Mex. 
Zophendum australe Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 300, Lake 
Tupataro, Mex., Rio Lerma. 

826. Algansea rubescens Meek. 

Lake Patzcuaro, Michoacan. 

Algansea rubescens Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1905, 46, fig. 9, 
Lake Patzcuaro. 

827. Algansea stigmatura Regan. 

Northern Mexico. 

Algansea stigmatura Regan, Biol. Central!- Amer., 1907, 152, Tab. XXV, 
fig. 2, Rio Grande de Santiago, Jalisco. 

828. Algansea affinis Regan 

Upper tributaries of Rio Lerma and Rio Panuco, Mexico. 
Algansea affinis Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., 1907, 151, Tab. XXV, 
fig. 1, Aguas Carentes, Salamanca, and San Juan del Rio, Mexico. 

Genus 305. POGONICHTHYS Girard. 

Pogonichthys Girard, Proc. .Vcad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 136 (P. 

insequilohus Baird and Girard — Lewciscws 7nacrolepidotus Ayres). 
Syuvmetrurus Jordan, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Terr., IV, 1878, 788, 

(Pogonichthys argyrciosus Girard); young. 

829. Pogonichthys macrolepidotus (Ayres). Splittail. 

Streams of central California; very common in the Sacramento and 

San Joaquin Rivers. 
Leuciscus macrolepidotus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, in Placer 

Times and Transcri])t, IVIay 30, 1854, San Francisco, Calif. 
Pogonichthys iniequilobus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., VII, 1854, 136, San Joaquin Valley, Calif. 
Pogonichthys argyrciosus Girard, loc. cit., 153, Presidio, Calif. 

Genus 306. MARGARISCU3 Cockerell. 

Margariscus Cockerel!, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXII, 1909, 217 [Clino- 

stomus margarita Cope). 
As a small barbel is normally present in this genus and i)laced above 

the tip of the maxillarj^, as in Se^nolilus, the genus must l)e placed 

near Leucosomus. 

830. Margariscus margarita (Cope). Minnow; Goldthread shiner; Pearl 

minnow. 
Lake Erie, south to James River and headwaters of the Kanawha. 
Clinostomus margarita Cope, Trans. Amor. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 377, 

Conestoga River, Lancaster, Pa. 

831. Margariscus nachtriebi 2^ (Cox). 

North Dakota to New Brunswick. 

Leuciscus nachtriebi U. O. Cox, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XX, 1894 

(1896), 615, Minnesota, Mille Lacs Lake. 
Couesius plunibeus ruhrilateralis Philip Cox, Bull. Nat. Hist., 2, 1901, 

42, Miramachi, Canada. 
Leuciscus carlcloni Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902, 357, 

fig. 1, Penobscot River, Me. 

""With much doubt we leave this specie-s (M. nachtriebi) with Margariscug. The actual relation oJ 
this and other related forms is yet to be determined." (Jordan.) 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 117 

Genus 307. lEUCOSOMUS Heckel. FaUfishes. 

Leucoso m us Reckel, Russegger's Reisen, 1, 1843, 1042 (L. chrrj-soleucus 

Heckel^ Cyprinus corporalis Mitchill); not Leucosoma Gray, a genus 

of Salangidse. 
Cheilonemus Baird, in Storer, Hist. Fish. Mass., 1855, 2S5 {Leuciscus 

pulchellus Stover = Cyprinus corporalis Mitchill). 

832. Leucosomus corporalis (Mitchill). Chub; Dace; Fallfish; Silver chub; 

Windfish; Corporal; Chivin. 
Eastern United States, from the St. Lawrence to James River, Virginia; 

largest of our eastern Cyprinidae; common northward, east of the 

Alleghenies. 
Cyprinus corporalis Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., I, 1817, 289, Wallkill 

River, N. Y. 
Cyprinus bullaris Rafinesque, loc. cit., II, Dec, 1817, 120, Hudson 

River. 
Leuciscus argenteus Storer, Hist. Fish. Mass., 1839, 90, Worcester Co., 

Mass. 
Leuciscus pulchellus Storer, loc. cit., 90, Walpole, Mass. 
Leuciscus nitidus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 209, Lake 

Champlain. 
Leuciscus chrysoplerus DeKay, loc. cit., 211, N. Y. Harbor. 
Leuciscus rotengulus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 

1844, 236 (318), Carolinas. 
Leucosomus cataraclus Baird, Iconog. Encvl., II, 216, and in Cope, 

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 523, Susquehanna River. 
Leucosomus rholheus Cope, loc. cit., XIII, 1861, 523, Brandywiue 

Creek and Rancocos Creek, Pa. 
Squalius hijalopc Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 280, Conestoga River, Pa. 

Genus 308. SEMOTILUS Rafinesque. Horned dace. 

Scmotilu.s Ratines(|U(', Ichtli. Ohicnsis, 1820, 49 {S. dorsalis Rafinesciue = 
Cyprinus alronidculalus Mitchill). 

833. Semotilus atromaculatus (Mitchill). Horned dace; Creek chub; Chub; 

Silver chub; Mud chub. 
Maine to New .Jersey; westward to Kansas and Wyoming. 
Cyprinus atromaculatus Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 324, 

Wallkill River, N. V. 
Semotilus dorsalis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 49, Kentucky 

River. 
Semotilus cephalus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 49, Ohio River. 
Semotilus diplemia Rafinesque, loc. cit., 50, Ohio River. 
Leuciscus iris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 1844, 

190, (255), New York and Carolina. 
Leuciscus storeri Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 237 (255), New 

York. 
Leuciscus pulchclloides Ayres, Proc. Host. Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1849, 

157, Connecticut. 
Leucosomus pallidus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

190, Antelope Creek, Ark. 
Leucosomus incrassalus Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 190, Choctaw Agency. 
Semotilus macrocephalus Girard, loc. cit., 18.56, 204, Fort Pierre, Ncbr. 
Semotilus speciosus Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 204, Sweetwater River, Nebr 
Semotilus hammondii Abbott, loc. cit., XII, 1860, 474, Kansas. 

834. Semotilus atromaculatus thoreauanus (Jordan). 

Flint River, Ga. 

Sem/)tilus thoreauanus Jordan, Bull., U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 63, 
Flint River, Ga. 

Genus 309. RICHARDSONIUS -« Girard. 

Richardsonius Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 201 
{Cyprinus (Abramis) batleatns Richardson). 

" The various American allies of LeuciscM Cuvier (type Cyprinun leuciscus L. of Europe, Squnlius), 
we now divide among several genera, these corresponding to the subgenera in the previous check list. 
,\o .si)ecies belonging to Leuciscus, as strictly defined, occurs in America or Asia. Many of the species, 
both in the groups .illied to Leuciscus and Rulilus as well as in those related to Ilyhopsis and Notropis need 
comparl.son and verification. 

HichnTdsnnius is here restricted to the single .species, bnlleatus, distingui.shed, with its variant, by the 
very long anal fin. The genus Cheonda is i)rovisionally recognized for species more or less similar to Rich- 
ardsonius but with the anal fin shorter. This group .seems to merge into Tigoma. species with tlie anal 
(in short and the scales rather loosely imbricated. One si)ccies, caurina, forms another intermediate type 
with short anal and very small scales. Any arrangement of these fishes must be still wholly provisional. 



lis U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

835. Richardsonius siuslawi (Evermann and Meek). 

Streams of western Oregon. 

Leuciscus siuslawi Evermann and Meek, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XVIT, 
1S97 (1898), 72. Siuslaw River, Mapleton, Oreg. 

836. Richardsonius lateralis Girard. 

Streams of Washington and Montana, a doubtful species, nominally 
distinguished by the smaller numl)er of anal rays. 

Richardsonius lateralis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 
1856, 202, Fort Steilacoom, Wash. 

Leuciscus gilli p]vermann. Bull., U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891, 44, Browns 
Gulch Creek, Silver Bow, Mont. 

837. Richardsonius balteatus (Richardson). Red-sided bream. 

Columbia and Eraser Rivers, and streams about Puget Sound. 
Cyprinus (Abramis) balteatus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 
1S36, 301, Columbia River. 

838. Richardsonius thermophilus Evermann and Cockerell. 

Warm Springs, Silver Creek, and Silvies River, Oreg. 

Richardsonius thermophilus Evermann and Cockerell, Proc. Biol. Soc, 

Wash., XXII, December 8, 1909, 185, Warm Springs, Harney Co., 

Oreg. 

Genus 310. CLARKINA Jordan and Evermann. 

Cyprinus {Leuriscu.s) caurinus Richardson is an ally of the genus 
Richardsonius, differing in the short anal fin of 9 rays only. The 
body is elongate and the scales (86) very small, well imbricated, 
differing from the type of Tigoma. 

Clarkina Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 4th ser., XVI, 
1927 (April 27), 502 {Cyprinus caurinus Richardson). 

839. Clarkina caurina (Richardson). 

Cyprinus {Leuciscus) caurinus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 

1836, 304, Columbia River at Fort Vancouver. 
Leuciscus caurinus Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXVII, 1907, 173; 

not Mylocheilus caurinus Agassiz; Willamette River near Corvallis, 

Oreg. 

Genus 311. CHEONDA Girard. 

Cheonda Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 207 (C. 
(•ooj>cri (jirard); scales moderate; anal ra\'s 8 to 11, usually 9. 

840. Cheonda cooperi Girard. 

Lower Columbia River Basin. 

Cheonda cooperi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 207, 
Columbia River, Fort Vancouver, Wash. 

841. Cheonda microdon (Snyder). 

Richardsonius microdon Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXV, 1915-16 
(1918), 58; scales 55; anal rays 8 or 9. 

842. Cheonda egregia (Girard). 

Nevada to northern California; known from the Humboldt, Truckee, 
and Sacramento-San Joacjuin Basins and Napa Valley, Calif. 

Tigoma egregia Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 291, locality Hum- 
boldt River at Imlav, Nev. 

Gila ardesiaca Cope, Wheeler Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 660, PI. XXX, 
figs. 1, la, localitv unknown, probablv Nevada. 

Squalius galtix Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXV, 1883, 148, 
Pyramid Lake, Nev. 

Phoxinus clevelandi C. H. and R. S. Eigenmann, West Amer. Scientist, 
1889, 149, ^tna Springs, Napa County, Calif, (locality probably 
erroneous) . 

843. Cheonda evermanni (Juday). 

South Platte basin. 

Leuciscus evermanni Judav, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXIV, 1904 (1905), 

226, with plate, Boulder Creek, Boulder, Colo.; A. 8; scales 47; teeth 

2, 5-5, 1. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 119 

844. Cheonda hydrophlox (Cope). Silverside minnow; Po-he-wa. 

Salt Lake basin and upper Snake River. 

Clinostottius hydrophlox Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871, 475, 

Blackfoot Creek, Idaho. 
f.ClinoUomus taenia Cope, Proc., Amer. Phil. Soc., XIV, 1874, 133, 

Utah Lake, Prove, Utah. 

845. Cheonda humboldti (Girard). 

Localitv doubtful. 

Tigomd humboldti Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 206, 

Humboldt River, Xev.; may be identical with C. hydrophlox, but this 

seems unlikely. 

846. Cheonda montana (Cope). 

ClinoUomus montanus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871, 476, 

Grass Creek, Idaho. 
"ICliyiostomus tsenia Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 133, 

Utah Lake, Provo, Utah. 
May prove to be the same as C. hydrophlox. 

847. Cheonda copei (Jordan and Gilbert). Leather-sided minnow. 

Great Ba.sin of Utah and Wood River, Idaho. 

"iriqoma gracilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 206, 

locality unknown; species unidentifiable, name preoccupied in 

Leuciscus. 
Squalius copei Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 461, 

Bear River, Evan.ston; not Leuciscus copei Giinther. a N^otropis. 
Squalius alicix Jouv, loo. cit., IV, 1881, 19, Provo River near Utah 

Lake, Utah. 

Genus 312. TIGOMA Girard. 

Tiyoma Girard, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 205 {Gila 

pulchella Baird and Girard). 
Protoporus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871 (1872), 473 (P. 

dotnninus Cope, young of Tigoma atraria Girard). 
Myloleucus Cope, loc cit., 475 (M. pulvcrcntulus Cope); the teeth of 

Siphaleles accidentallv placed in the pharvnx of a Tigoma). 
Temeculina Cockerell, Proc Biol. Soc Wash., XXII, 1909, 216 {Rich- 

ardsoniu!< orcutti Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

848. Tigoma atraria (Girard). 

Great Basin of Utah, anfl Snake River Basin above Shoshone Falls. 
^Tigoma lineata Girard, Proc .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 206, 

locality unknown; not identifiable. 
Siboma atraria Girard, loc cit., 208, Fish Springs, Toole Co., Utah, 

near Desert. 
Tigoma squamata Gill, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., VIII, 1861, 42, 

Great Salt Lake Basin. 
Protoporus domninus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871, 473, 

Snake River, Fort Hall, Idaho. 
Hybopsis birittatus Cope, loc cit., 474, W^arm Springs, Utah. 
Hybopsis timpanogensis Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 134, 

Timpanogus, Utah; yoimg. 
Squaliu-t cruoreus .Jordan and Gilbert, Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 

460, Provo River, Utah. 
Squalius rhomaleus Jordan and Gilbert, loc. cit., 461, Utah Lake, Utah. 

849. Tigoma gibbosa (Baird and Girard). 

Pvio (ilia, Ari/.. 

(Jila gibbo.sa Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

28, Rio Santa Cruz, Ariz. 
Tigoma intermedia Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 206, Rio San Pedro of 

the Gila, Ariz. 
Gila nigra Co[je, Wheeler's Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 663, Ash Creek and 

San Carlos, Ariz. 
Squalius lemmoni Rosa Smith, Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci., I, 1884, 3, Rillitto 

Creek, near Tucson, Ariz. 

850. Tigoma purpurea Girard. 

San Bernardino Ocek in southern Arizona, a tributary of Rio Yaqui. 
Tigoma purpurea Girard, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1S56, 206, 
San Bernardino Creek, Ariz. 



120 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

851. Tigoma pulchella (Girard). Pescadilo; Chub of the Rio Grande. 

Rio Grande and other Mexican rivers. 

Gila pidchella Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

29, Rio Mimbres, Chihuahua; not Lcucisciis pulchella Storer, a 

Chetlone)7ius. 
Tigoma nigrescens Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1850, 207, Boca Grande and 

Rio Janos, Chihuahua, Mexico. 
Tigoma pulchra Girard, loc. cit., 207, Boca Grande and Rio Janos; 

Chihuahua River, Mexico. 
Clinostomus pandora Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871, 475, 

tributaries Rio Grande, Sangre do Cristo Pass. 
Gila gida Cope, Wliecler's Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 661, Rio de Acama and 

near Fort Wingate, N. Mex. 
Cheonda modcsta Garman, Bull. Mas. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 92, 

Rio Salinas, Saltillo, Coahuila. 
Gila conspersa Garman, loc. cit?, VIII, 1881, 91, Rio Nazas, Coahuila, 

Mexico. 

852. Tigoma bicolor Girard. 

Klamath Lake, Oreg. 

Tigoma bicolor Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 206, 

Klamath Lake, Oreg. 
Cheonda caerulea Girard, loc. cit., 207, Lost River, Oreg. * 

853. Tigoma pulverulenta (Cope). 

MyloUucus pulveridentus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871, 
475, Warm Springs, Utah. 

Myloleucus is a synonym of Tigoma. In his .study of these species, 
according to Fowler, Professor Cope by accident replaced the single- 
rowed teeth of a Siphateles in his type example of Myloleucus pul- 
rcrulentus, a species having teeth in "two rows. 

Subgenus TEMECULINA Cockerell. 

854. Tigoma orcutti (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

Temecula, San Luis Rev, San Jacinto, and Santa Ana Rivers, California. 
Phoxinus orcutti Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
2nd ser., Ill, 1890, 2, Temecula River, Riverside County, Calif. 

Genus 313. SIBOMA Girard. 

Siboma (iirard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1850, 209 {S. crassi- 
cauda Girard). 

855. Siboma crassicauda (Baird and Girard). Sacramento chub. 

Rivers of California; generally abundant in the Sacramento and San 

Joaquin Rivers. 
Lavinia crassicauda Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VII, 1854, 137, San Joaquin River. 
Tigoma crassa Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 207, Sacramento River. 

856. Siboma conformis (Baird and Girard). 

Tulare Valley and Sacramento-San Joaquin Basin, Calif. 
Lavinia conformis Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 
1854, 137; Poso Crock, Tulare County, Calif. 

Genus 314. CLINOSTOMUS Girard. 

Clinostomus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 211 
(Luxilus elongatus Kirtland). 

857. Clinostomus elongatus (Kirtland). Red-sided shiner. 

Groat l.akos, upper Mississippi Valley, and New York. 

Luxilus elongatus Kirtland, Rept. Zool. Ohio, 1836, 169, 193, Mahoning 

River, Ohio, and Lake Eric near Cleveland. 
Leuciscus productus Storer, Synopsis, 1846, 416, Wabai?h River. 
ILeuciscus longiroslris Kirtland, The Family Visitor, Mar. 14, LS50, 

Cleveland, Ohio, and Hudson River. 
Squalius proriger Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 280, 

Michigan. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 121 

858. Clinostomus vandoisulus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Minnow; Long- 

mouthed minnow; Rosy dace; Pike shiner. 
Leuciscus vandoisulus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVII, 1844. 236 (317), South Carolina. 
Clinostomus affinis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat.Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 212, 

James River, Va. 
Clinostomus funduloides (Potomac River at Washington) and carolinus 

(Salem, N. C.) Girard, loc. cit., 212. 
Gila estor Jordan and Bravton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 66, 

Elk River, Estill Springs, Tenn. 

Genus 315. HEMITREMIA Cope. 

Hemitrcmia Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Sec, XI, 1870, 462 {H. viltata 
Cope = Phoxinus flammeus Jordan and Gilbert). 

859. Hemitremia vittata Cope. 

Tributaries of the Tennessee River; common in clear streams in 

northern Alabama. 
Hemitremia vittata Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1S70, 462, Holston 

River, Knoxville, Tenn.; vittatus is preoccupied in Leticiscus. 
Phoxinus flammeus Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 

1878, 303, Elk River, Tenn. 

860. Hemitremia milneriana (Cope). 

Upper Missouri River Basin. 

Phoxinus milncrianus Cope, Amer. Nat., July, 1879, 440, upper Missouri 
River Basin; pr()l)ably Batile Creek, Mont. 

Genus 316. PFRILLE Jordan. 

Pfrille Jordan, Copeia, No. 32, 1924, 71 {Phoxinus neogieus Cope). 

861. Pfrille neogaea (Cope). Bronze minnow. 

rppcr Mississippi Valley and neighboring waters; also Maine and 

Connecticut lakes. 
Phoxinus neoqxus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 375, New 

Hudson, Mich. 
ILeuciscus burlonianus LeSueur, in Vaillant, Bull. Soc. Philom., VIII, 

1896, 28, with jjlate, Burton Mine, Mo.; perhaps a distinct species. 

Genus 317. lOTICHTHYS Jordan and Evermann. 

lotirhlhys Jordan ami KvcrnKuiii, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
22S iClinostoniu.s pidiqcthontis Cope). 

862. lotichthys phlegethontis (Cope). 

Triljutaries of Great Salt Lake and Sevier Lake; basin of Lake Bonne- 
ville. 

Clinostomus phlegothontis Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 137, 
Beaver River, Utah. 

Genus 318. HESPEROLEUCUS Snyder. 

Jhsixrolturns Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1912, 63 {Pogo- 

nichthys symmetricus Girard). 
Myloleucus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Mont., 1871, 475 (M. pidvcru- 

lentus Cope — Pogonichthys symmetricus Baird and Girard, in part, 

not type, the teetli having been misjjlaced). 
This genus and others related, having the teeth 4-5 or 5-5, were placed 

in the former check list and the Fishes of North and Middle America, 

in the European genus Rutilus Rafinesque; but no American or Asiatic 

(lace is coiigcricric with Rutilus rutilus L. 

363. Hesperoleucus symmetricus (Baird and Girard). 

Rivers of California and Nevada and waters of Lake County, Oreg. 
Poqonichlhys si/mmctricus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., VII, iS54, 136, Fort Miller, San Joaciuin Valley, Calif. 
Myloleucus parovanus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 131, 

Beaver River, Itah. 

864. Hesperoleucus navarroensis Snyder. Navarro roach. 

Navarro Basin on the western coast of northern California. 
Hesperoleucus navarroensis Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1912 
(1914), 65, Navarro River near Philo, Calif. 



122 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

865. Hesperoleucus parvipinnis Sn5der. Short-finned roach. 

Gualala River Basin, Calif. 

Hesperoleucus parvipinnis Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1912 
(1914), 66, Gualala River," Sonoma County, Calif. 

866. Hesperoleucus venustus Snyder. Venus roach. 

Russian River and the streams entering San Pablo, Suisun, and San 

Francisco Bays. 
Hesperoleucus venustus Snvder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1912 

(1914), 64, fig. 2, Coyote Creek near Gilroy Hot Springs, Calif. 

867. Hesperoleucus mitrulus Snyder. Northern roach. 

Streams tributarv to the north end of Goose Lake, Oreg. 
Hesperoleucus mitrulus Snvder, Bull. V. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1912, 
(1914), 67. Drew Creek, Lake County, Oreg. 

868. Hesperoleucus subditus Snyder. Monterey roach. 

Pajaro River system in the region of foothills and lower mountain 

ranges of coast ranges. 
Hespcroleu(ius subditus Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXII, 1902 

(1904), 67, fig. 3, Uvas Creek, Pajaro River Basin, Santa Clara 

County, Calif. 

869. Hesperoleucus mearnsi (Snyder). 

Rio Yacjui. 

Notropis mearnsi Snyder, Proc, LT. S. Nat. Mus., XLIX, 1916 (Dec. 

23, 1915), 582, fig., Rio San Bernardino, Yaqui Basin, Sonora, 

Mexico. 

870. Hesperoleucus anticus (Cope). 

Texas. 

Algansea antica Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 282, 
Texas. 

Genus 319. SIPHATELES Cope. 

Siphateles Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXV, 1883, 146 (S. 
vittatus Cope); young example. 

871. Siphateles olivaceus (Cope). 

Lake Tahoe; Pvramid Lake; Eagle Lake and Willow Creek, Calif. 
Leucus olivaceus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXV, 1883, 145, 
Pyramid Lake, Nev. 

872. Siphateles obesus (Girard). 

Lakes and streams of Lahontan Basin. 

Algansea abesa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 183, 

Humboldt River, Nev. 
Leucus dimidiatus Cope, loc. cit., XXXV, 1883, 145, Pyramid Lake, 

Nev. 
Siphateles vittatus Cope, loc. cit., 146, Pyramid Lake, Nev. 

873. Siphateles bicolor (Girard). 

Lakes of southeastern Oregon (Klamath, Warner, Goose, etc.); Sacra- 
mento-San Joaquin Basin; Pit River. 

Algansea bicolor Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 183, 
Klamath Lake. 

874. Siphateles formosus (Girard). 

Algan.sea formosa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 183, 

Merced and Mohave Rivers, Calif. 
Myloleucus thalassinus Cope, loc. cit., XXXV, 1883, 144, Goose Lake, 

Oreg. 

875. Siphateles columbianus (Snyder). 

I^akes of southeastern Oregon. 

Rutilus columbianus Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXVII, 1907, 92, 
fig. 4, Warm Sj)rings near Harney Lake, Harney County, Oreg. 

876. Siphateles oregonensis (Snyder). 

Lakes of southeastern Oregon. 

Rutilus oregonensis Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXVII, 1907, 87, 
fig. 3, XL, Spring, Abert Lake, Oreg. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 123 

877. Siphateles mohavensis Snyder. 
Mohave River, Calif. 

Siphateles 7nohai'ensis Snvder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., LIV, 1919 (Mar. 
1.5, 1918), 298, figure, Mohave River near Victor, Calif. 

Genus 320. lEUCIDIUS Snyder. 

Leucidius Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXV. 1917, 64 (L. pectinifer 
Snyder) . 

8 7S. Leucidius pectinifer Snyder. Lake minnow. 

Lahontan system, Nevada and northeastern California. 
Leucidius pectinifer Snvder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXXV 1916-17 
(Sept. 28, 1917), 64, figs. 5 and 6, Pyramid Lake, Nev. 

Genus 321. NOTROPIS Rafinesque. 

Xntropis -' Rafinesque, Amcr. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 204 {Xotropis 

atherinoides Rafinesque = ?.4//>Hr/i«« rubellus Aga.ssiz). 
Minnilus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 45 {M. dinemus Rafinesque). 
Alburnellus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856 {A. dilectus 

Girard). 
Photogenis Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1867, 378 {Squalius 

photogenis Cope = Photogenis leucops Cope). 

879. Notropis atherinoides Rafinesque. Shiner; Emerald minnow; Rosy 

niiniinw. 
Great Lakes region and Ohio and Mississippi Valleys, and north to 

Winnipeg. 
Xotropis atherinoides Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 204, 

Lake Erie. 
Minnilus dinemus Rafinesque, Ichtli. Ohiensis, 1820, 46, Ohio River. 
Alburnus rubellus .\gassiz. Lake Superior, 1850, 364, pi. 3, figs. 1-3, 

Sault Ste. Marie and the Pic, Lake Superior. 
Alburnus nitidus Kirtland, Cleveland Ann. Sci., 1854, 44, tributaries of 

Lake Erie. 
Alburnellus jaculus Cope, Tr;um., Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866 (1869). 

387, St. J )-eo'' River an 1 D wdcriac River. Mi h. 
Leuciscus copii Gunther, Cat., VII, 1868, 255, Virginia and Michigan; 
b utu.. 1 r jucuius, preoccupied. 

880. Notropis photogenis (Cope). Silvery minnows. 

.\llefiheny region. 

^Rulilus romjtressns Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 51, Mononga- 
hela River; not certainly identifiable; may be Luxilis cornutus. 

Squalius photogenis Cope, Proc. .Vcad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 280, 
Youghiogheny River, Pa. 

Photogenis Icurops Cope, loc. cit., XIX, 1867, 164, Sinking Creek, and 
near Austinville, Va. 

Photogenis leurops engraulinus Cope, loc. cit., 164, tributaries of Kana- 
wha River, .\ustinville, Va. 

881. Notropis amcenus (.Abbott). 

Clear streams of the Alleghcnies from the Raritan to the Neuse. 
Alburnellus amwrnis Abbott, Amer. Nat., VIII, 1874, 334, Raritan 
River, N. J. 

882. Notropis scepticus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Rivers of the Carolinas from Cape Fear to the Santee. 

Notropis photogenis ("pale variety"), Jordan and Bravton, Bull U S 

Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 23. 
Minnilus scepticus Jordan and Gilbert, Svnop.sis, 1883. 200 Saluda 

River, S. C. 



" The namp Notropis ntherinoiden was Rivpn by Uaflne.sque to a small and very slender minnow from 
Lake Y.tw. It was ar)parently a semi-dried example havinK therefore a ridue on the l)a(k a.s implied in 
the name Sotropit. It had a long anal fin of 11 rays, and the dorsal inserted b'hind the vontrals. .\ming 
the small minnows of the (Ireat Lakes it coulfl hardly be anything else than riihrllii.i; yet Ihe original do- 
••icription is very ineomi)lete ami jHThaps not identifiable. .\s this is the oldest name for any of the small 
.\merican minn iws with four teeth in the main row of the [)harvnKeals, and as distinctions of genera among 
these is e.speeially difTicult, the writers in lM»,i extended the name to include them all. Hut thi-; assemblage 
is hardly a natural one, as the species diverge in various directions. Hence, in this catalogue the former 
subgenera are given generic rank. 



124 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

883. Notropis telescopus (Cope). 

Tennessee River Basin; very abundant in cold mountain streams. 
Photogenis telescopus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867 
165, Holston River, Va. 

884. Notropis arcansanus (Meek). 

Ozark region. 

Notropis telecopus arcansanus Meek, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 
(1891), 133, White River, Eureka Springs, Ark. 

885. Notropis universitatis Evermann and Cockerell. 

Boulder Creek, Boulder, Colo. 

Notropis notatus var., Univ. of Colo. Stud., Apr., 1908, 170. 
Notropis universitatis Evermann and Cockerell, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 
XXII, Dec, 1909, 187, Boulder Creek, Boulder, Colo. 

886. Notropis welaka Evermann and Kendall. 

St. Johns River, Fla. 

Notropis welaka Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 

1897 (Feb. 9, 1898), 126, pi. 6, fig. 2, St. Johns River near Welaka, 

Fla. 

887. Notropis leuciodus (Cope). 

Tennessee River Basin, in moiuitain streams. 

Photogenis leuciodus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867, 
165, Holston River, Va. 

888. Notropis micropteryx (Cope). 

Headwaters of Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers; also in Ozark region. 
Alburneltus micropteryx Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 
233, Holston River, Va. 

889. Notropis metallicus Jordan and Meek. 

Swamp streams in Georgia and Florida, from the Suwanee Basin to 

the Escambia. 
Notropis metallicus Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 

1884, 475, Aliapaha River, Nashville, Ga. 

890. Notropis louisianae Evermann. 

Atcnafalaya River, La. 

Notropis louisianse Evermann, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2801, Atchafalaya River, Melville, La. 

891. Notropis socius (Girard). 

Live Oak Creek, southwestern Texas. 

Alhurnus socius Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 193, 
Live Oak Creek, Tex. 

892. Notropis amabilis (Girard). 

Rio Leona, a tributary of Rio Nueces, Tex. 

Alburnus amabilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 
193, Rio Leona, Tex. 

893. Notropis arge (Cope). 

T'Dper Mississippi Vallev. 

Alburnellus arge Cope, trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 388, Detroit 
River or St. Joseph River, Mich. 

894. Notropis pilsbryi Fowler. 

Notropis pilsbryi Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVI, 1904, 245, 
figure, Rogers, White River Basin, Ark. 

895. Notropis rubrifrons fCope). Rosy-faced minnow. 

New York and western Pennsylvania to southern Michigan, Kansas, 

and Kentucky. 
Alburnus rubrifrons Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 85, 

Kiskiminitas River, a tributary of Allegheny River. 
Alburnellus percobromus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 440, 

Missouri River at St. Joseph, Mo. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 125 

896. Notropis dilectus (Girard). 

Lower Ohio to the Rio Grande; abundant in Arkansas and eastern 

Texas in sandv streams. 
Alburnits dilectus Girard. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1S56, 193, 

Arkansas River, Fort Smith, Ark. 
Alburnus lepidulus Girard, loc. cit., 212, Black Warrior River, Ala. 
Alburnus oligaspis Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 282, Kansas. 
Alburnellus jemezanus Cope, Wheeler Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 650, Rio 

Grande, San Ildefonso, Mexico. 

897. Notropis stilbius (Jordan). 

Alabama River and tributaries. 

Nototropis stilbius Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 343, 
Etowah and Oostanaula Rivers, Rome, Ga. 

898. Notropis notemigonoides Evermann. 

Rio Neches near Palestine, Tex., and streams about Houston, Tex. 
Notropis notemigonoides Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891 

(1892), 81, Neches River, Palestine, Tex., and Sims Baj-ou, Houston, 

Tex. 

899. Notropis fumeus Evermann. 

Hunter Creek, Houston, Tex. 

Notropis fumeus Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com.. XI, 1891 (1892), 
81, Hunter Creek, Houston, Tex. 

Genus 322. PARANOTROPIS Fowler. 

Episema Cope and Jordan, liull. T. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 64 (Photogcnis 

scabriceps Cope, name preoccupied). 
Paranxitropis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVI, 1904, 245 

( Photogcnis scabriceps Cope). 

900. Paranotropis scabriceps (Cope). 

Kanawha River, W. Va. 

Photogcnis scabriceps C!ope, Proc. .Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., XL\, 1867, 
166, Sinking and Walker Creeks, tributaries of Kanawha River. 

901. Paranotropis ariomtnus (Cope). 

Ohio and Tennessee Valleys. 

Photogenus ariommux Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 378, 
no locality given. 

902. Paranotropis jejunus (Forbes). 

Western Pennsylvania to Kansas and north to Wiiuiipeg. 
Episema jejuna Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1878, 60, Illinois 
River. 

903. Paranotropis niegalops (Girard). 

Rivers of Texas from the Colorado westward. 

Alburnus mcgnlops Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

193, San Felipe Creek, Tex.; the name prcoccui)icd in Notropis 

iJjHxihis) but not in Paranotropis. 

Genus 323. LYTHRURUS Jordan. 

Li/thniriis .lorrlaii, .Man. Vert., ed. 1, 1876, 272 {Notropis hjlhrurus 
,]<)r(\ai\-^ Semotilus dipliemius of authors, not of Rafinesque). 

904. Lythrurus umbratilis (Girard). 

.Arkansas River and streams of Kansas and southwestern Iowa. 
Alburnus umbratilis Girard, Proc. Acad^Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

193, Sugar Loaf Creek, tributary of Pofcau River, .\rk. 
Luxilus lucidus Girard, loc. cit., 203, Coal Creek, tributary of South Fork 

of Canadian River. 
Minnilus nigripinnis Gilbert, Bull., Washburn Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1884, 

14, Shunganunga Creek near Topeka, Kans. 
INolropis macrolepidotus P'orbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., II, 1885, 138, 

Illinois. 

6424°— 29 9 



126 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

905. Lythrurus cyanocephalus Copelaiid. 

Rivors of .southern Wi.scon.sin to (Jhio and Kentucky and Indiana. 

Lylhrurus cyanoccphaluH Copeland, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 
1877, 70, Racine River, Wis. 

Rulilus ruber Rafine.sque, Ichth. Ohien.sis 1820, 52, Elkhorn and Ken- 
tucky Rivers; named but not described. 

Notrojns lylhurus Jordan, Proc, U. 8. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 476, White 
River, Indianapolis; a rather more slender southern form. 

906. Lythrurus atripea Jordan. Blackfin; Compressed redfin. 

Southern Illinois and Iowa. 

Lythrurus atripes Jordan, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., No. 2, 1878, 59, 
streams of Union and Johnson Counties, 111. 

907. Lythrurus ardens (Cope). 

Roanoke River, Va. 

Hypsilepis ardens Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867, 163, 
headwaters of Roanolce River, Montgomery County, Va. 

908. Lythrurus fasciol ris (Gilbert). 

Southern bend of Tennessee River, in limestone streams. 
Nolropis umhratUis fasciolaris Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 
(1891), 148, streams about Florence, Ala. 

909. Lythrurus matutinus (Cope). 

Neuse and Pamlico Rivers; common in sandy brooks. 
AlhurncUus matutinus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil, Soc, XI, 1870, 465, 
Neuse River, Wake County, N. C. 

910. Lythrurus punctulatus (Hay). 

Trii>utaries of Big Hatcliee River, northern Mississippi. 
Minniius punctulatus Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 508, 
Tuscumbia River, a tributary of the Big Hatchee, near Corinth, Miss. 

911. Lythrurus bellus (Hay). 

Tombigbco River, Miss. 

Minnilus bellus Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 510, Tombigbee 
River, Artesia and Macon, Miss. 

912. Lythrurus roseipinnis (Hay). 

Sandy streams of Gulf States, from Escambia River to the Chick- 

asawha. 
Notropis roseipinnis Hay, in Jordan, Cat. Fishes N. Amer., 1885, 27, 

Chickasawha River, Enterprise, Miss.; substitute for rubripinnis, 

j)reoccupied. 

913. Lythrurus lirus (Jordan). 

Alabama River Basin; abundant in sandy streams. 

Nototropis lirus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 342, 

Etowah River, Rome, Ga. 
Notropis alabamx Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 

476, Alabama River, Montgomery, Ala. 

Genus 324. ORCELLA Jordan and Evermann 

Orcc//a Jorrlan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 254 

(A'', orca Wooiman); not " Orcxlla," a genus of Celacea. 
Orcula Jordan and Evermann, loc. cit., 1900, 3140, substitute for 
Orcella, regarded as j)reoccupicd by Orcsella. 

914. Orcella nazas (Meek). 

Headwaters of the Rio Nazas in Durango, Mexico. 

Nototropis nazas Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 70, fig. 19, 
Santiago Papasquiaro, Durango, Mexico. 

915. Orcella orca (Wooiman). 

Rio Cirande at El Paso, Tex. 

Notropis orca Wooiman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 56, Rio 
Grande, El Paso, Tex. 

Genus 325. HYDROPHLOX Jordan and Brayton 

Ilydrophtoj- Jordan anrl Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1878, 
32 {Uyljopsis rubricroceus Cope). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 127 

916. Hydrophlox rubricroceus (Cope). Red fall fmh. 

Headwaters of the Tennessee and Savannah Rivers. 

Hi/hoptiis rubricroceus ("ope, Jour. Acad. Nat. 8ci. Phila., VI, 1S68, 231, 
Tumbling Creek, tributary of the North P'ork of Holstoii River, Va. 

917. Hydrophlox chlorocephalus (Cope). 

Santee Basin, in North and South Carolina. 

Hyhopsis chlorocephalus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., XI, 1870, 461, 
Catawba River, N. C. 

918. Hydrophlox lutipinnis Jordan and Bray ton. 

Santee and Oconee Rivers, Ga. 

Hydrophlox lutipinnis Jordan and Bravton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mas., 
XII, 1878, 36, Oconee River, Halls Springs, Ga. 

919. Hydrophlox chiliticus (Cope). 

Basin of Groat Pedee River, N. C; common in upland streams. 
Hyhopsis chiliticus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 462, Yadkin 
River, Rowan County, N. C. 

920. Hydrophlox altipinnis (Cope). 

Vadkin, Great Pedee, and Cape Fear Rivers, N. C. 
AlhurnelluH altipinnis Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 464, 
Yadkin River, Rowan County, N. C. 

921. Hydrophlox roseus (Jordan). 

Lowland streams of Gulf States from Ogeechee River to the Mississippi. 
Luxilus roseus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 61, Notalbany 
River near Tikfaw, La. 

922. Hydrophlox stonei (Fowler). 

Streams of South Carolina. 

Notropis slonei Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXXII, 1920, 391, 
figure, Pocataligo River, Manning, S. C. 

923. Hydrophlox chalybaeus (Cope). 

Delaware River t(j Ogeechee River. 

Hyhopsis chalyhxus Cope, Trans., Amor. Phil. Soc, Xllf, 1866, 383, 
Schuylkill River, Pa. 

924. Hydrophlox abbotti (Fowler). 

Xotrnpis chalyhinus ahholti Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVI, 
1904, 239, PI. .WII, upper figure, Batsto River, N. J. 

925. Hydrophlox chrosomus (Jordan). 

Alabama Basin; very abundant in clear streams and outlets of springs. 
Hyhopsis chrosomus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 333, 
Ktowah River, etc., Rome, Ga. 

926. Hydrophlox xaenocephalus (Jordan). 

Georgia to Missi8sipi)i; common in streams of the pine woods, descenrling 
to brackish water; abundant in Perdido Bay, Pensacola, Fla. 

Hyhopsis i»nocephfdus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 
334, p]t(jwah River, etc, Rome, Ga. 

Genus 326. COCCOTIS Jordan 

C'ocrotis Jordan, Rcpt. Zool. Ohio, 1882, 852 {Hypsilepis coccogenis 
Cope) . 

Coccogenia Cockerel), Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXII, 1909, 190 {Hypsi- 
lepis coccogenis Cope). 

927. Coccotis coccogenis (Cope). 

Cumberland, Tennessoe, and Savannah Rivers. 

Hypsilepis coccogenis (Jc^jje, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., .\I.X, 1867, 
160, Holston River, Va. 

928. Coccotis brimleyi (B. A. Fiean). 

Notropis hrimleyi B. A. Boan, Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., X.\ VI, 1903, 913. 
Cane River, N. C. 

929. Coccotis macdonaldi (Jordan and Jenkin.s). 

Mountain streams of Virginia tributary to the James and Shenandoah. 
Notropis macdonaldi Jordan and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 3.04, plate 44, fig. 4, Shenandcjah River, Luray, Va. 



128 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

930. Coccotis zonatus (Agassiz). 

Mountain streams in the Ozark region of Missouri and Arkansas. 
Alhurnus zonatuti Agassiz, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 9, Osage 
River, Mo. 

931. Coccotis zonistius (Jordan). 

Cluittahoocliee River. 

Liixiltus zoni.'itius Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 239, Suwannee 
Creek, tributary of Chattahoochee River in northern Georgia. 

Genus 327. LUXILUS Rafinesque. 

Luxilus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 47 (L. chrysocephalus Rafi- 
nesque =Cypn'««s cornuturs Mitchill). 

Hypsolepis Baird, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 359 {Cyprinus 
corntdus Mitchill); later written Hypsilepis. 

932. Luxilus cornutus (Mitchill). Shiner; Dace; Redfin. 

Entire region east of the Rocky Mountains excepting the south Atlantic 

States and Texas; very abundant; also Potomac River and tributaries; 

not found south of the James. 
Cyprinus cornutus Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., I, July, 1817, 289, 

Wallkill River, N. Y.; preliminary notice, and II, 1818, 324, West- 
chester County, N. Y. 
Cyprinus megalops Rafinesque, loc. cit., II, December, 1817, 121, 

Hudson River, above the lalls. 
Cyprinus melanurus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 121, Hudson River, above the 

falls. 
ILuxilus interruptus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 49, Ohio River; may be 

Notropis rubrifrons. 
liulilns plargyrus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 50, Ohio River in 

Kentucky. 
liuliius compressus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 51, Monongahela River, etc., 

not certainly identifiable; may be Notropis photogcnis. 
Leuciscus vittatus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 212, Chittenonga 

Creek, tributary of Mohawk River. 
Arqyreus rubripinnis Heckel, Russegger's Reisen, 1843, 1040. 
Leuciscus spirlingulus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVII, 1844, 239 (321), New Jersey; New Harmony, Ind. 
Leuciscus obesus Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1845, 48, 

Florence, Ala. 
Plargyrus typicus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 196; 

after Rafinesque. 
Plargyrus bowmani Girard, loc. cit., 196, Sweetwater River, Nebr. 
Plargyrus argentatus Girard, loc. cit., 212, James River, Va. 
Alburnops plumbeolus Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 282, Saginaw River, 

Flint, Mich. 
Hypsilepis cornutus cyaneus Cope, loc. cit., XIX, 1867, 160, Montreal 

River, Keweenaw, Mich. 
Leuciscus frontalis Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 368, Montreal River, 

eastern shore of Lake Superior. 
Leuciscus gracilis Agassiz, loc. cit., 370, Lake Huron. 
Hypsilepis cornutus gibbus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 

1867, 158, Monroe County, Mich. 

933. Luxilus cornutus isolepis (Hubbs and Brown). 

Oklahoma and Arkansas. 

Notropia cornutus isolepis Hubbs and Brown, Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., 

Pt. I, VI, Jan. 1, 1927, 129, Mountain Fork River, McCurtain 

County Okla. 

934. Luxilus cornutus chrysocephalus (Rafinesque). 

Ohio River and southward; the southern form of cornutus. 
Luxilus chrysocephalus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1820, 47, 
Ohio River. 

935. Luxilus cerasinus (Cope). 

Roanoke River Basin, in mountain brooks. 

Hypsilepis cornutus cerasinus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 
1867, 159, headwaters of Roanoke River, Va. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 129 

936. Luzilus albeolus (Jordan). 

Roanoke, Tar, and Neuse Rivers. 

Notropis megalops albeolus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., VIII, 1888 
(1891), 123, Roanoke River near Roanoke, Va. 

937. Luxilus lacertosus (Cope), 

Headwaters of Tennessee River. 

Hybopsis lacertosus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., VI, 1868, 232, 
Bear Creek, tributary of the Middle Fork of Holston River. 

Genus 328. EROGALA Jordan and Brayton 

Erogala Jordan and Braytun, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1S98, 20 
[Photogenis stigmaturus Jordan). 

938. Erogala pyrrhomelas (Cope). 

North and South Carolina in the Santee Basin. 

Photogenis pyrrhomelas Cope, Proc. Amer. PhiL Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 
463, Catawba River, N. C. 

939. Erogala formosa (Putnam). 

Southern Georgia and Alabama. 

Alburnus formosus Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863,9, Mobile; 

not Montana formosa Girard. 
Leuciscus hypselopterus Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 255, Mobile; substitute 

for formosus, preoccupied in Leuciscus but not in Erogala. 
Photogenis grandipinnis Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 62, 

Flint River, Ga. 

940. Erogala whipplii (Girard). Silverfin; Lemonfin; Satinjin; Steel-colored 

minnow. 
Central and northern New York to Minnesota, northern Alabama, and 

.\rkansas, in clear streams. 
Cyprinella whipplii Girard, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

198, Sugarloaf Creek, tributary Potcau River, .\rk. 
Photogenis spilopterus Cope, Trans. .\mer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 378, St. 

Joseph River, southwestern Michigan. 
Hybopsis fretensis Cope, loc. cit., 382, Detroit, Mich.; young of C. 

u'hipplii, jhle Hubbs. 

941. Erogala analostana (Girard). Silverfin; Satinfin; Lacefin; Shiner. 

Streams about Delaware and Chesapeake Bays; representing Erogala 

whipplii east of the AUeghcnies. 
Cyprinella analostana Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

59, at Analostan Island, Wasiiington, D. C. 

942. Erogala galactura (Cope). 

Ozark region to Cumberland, Temiessee, and Savannah Rivers; abun- 
dant in mountain streams. 

Hypsilepis galacturus Coi)e, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, lS(i7, 100, 
Holston River, Va. 

943. Erogala stigmatura (Jordan). Spotted-tail minnow. 

Alabama Basin; very abimdant. 

Photogenis stigma'urus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 

337, Etowah River, Rome, Ga. 
Cyprinella calliura Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 61, Black 

Warrior River, Ala. 

944. Erogala camura (Jordan and Meek). 

.\rkansas River and tributaries. 

Cliola camura Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 474, 
.Arkansas River, Fort Lyon, Colo. 

945. Erogala nivea (Cope). 

Soutiiern Virginia to South Carolina. 

Hybopsis niveus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 460, Catawba 
River, N. V. 

946. Erogala chloristia (Jordan and Brayton). 

Santee River aiifl tributaries. 

Codoma chloristia Jordan and Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1878, 21, tributary of Saluda River, Greenville, S. C. 



130 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

947. Erogala trichroistia (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Alabama River Basin. 

Codoma trichroistia Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mas., XII. 
1878, 50, lOtowah River, etc., Rome, Ga. 

948. Erogala callistia (Jordan). 

Alabama River Basin. 

Photogenis callistius Jordan, Ann. Ljc. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 337, 
Etowah River, etc., Rome, Ga. 

949. Erogala cserulea (Jordan). 

Alabama River Basin. 

Photogenis cn'ruleus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 338, 
Etowah River, Rome, Ga. 

950. Erogala eurystoma (Jordan). 

Chattahoochee River. 

Photogenis eurystomus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 

356, Nancys Creek, tributary to Chattahoochee River, near Atlanta, 

exclusive of the smaller specimens mentioned, which are Notropis 

zonistus; not Codoma eurystoma Jordan. 
Photogenis leucopus Jordan and Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

1878, 41, Chattahoochee River, Gainesville, Ga. 

951. Erogala cercostigma (Cope). 

Sandy streams tributary to the Gulf of Me.xico, from Pearl River and 

Red River to Rio Nueces; abundant. 
Cyprinella cercostigma Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867, 

157, Pearl River, Monticello, Miss. 
Luxilus chickasavensis Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 506, 

Chickasawha River, Enterprise, Miss. 

952. Erogala xaenura (Jordan). 

Altamaha River Basin, Ga. 

Minnilus xxnurus Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 
79, Ocmulgee River, Flat Shoals, Ga. 

953. Erogala notata (Girard). 

Streams of Texas from Austin westward. 

Cyprinella notata Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 198, 
Rio Seco, Tex. 

954. Erogala venusta (Girard). 

Streams of Texas. 

Cyprinella venusta Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

198, Rio Sabinal, Tex. 

955. Erogala texana (Girard). 

Rivers of Texas from Trinity River to Rio Salado. 

Cyprinella texana Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 198, 
Rio Salado and Turkey Creek, Tex. 

Genus 329. CYPRINELLA Girard. 

Cyprinella Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 196 {Leucis- 
cus buhalinus Baird and Girard). 

956. Cyprinella bubalina (Baird and Girard). 

Streams of Arkansas and westward; not common. 

Leuciscus bubalinus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VI, 1853, 391, Otter Creek, Ark. 
Cyprinella umbrosa Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 197, Coal Creek, 

tributary of South Fork Canadian River. 
Cyprinella gunnisonii Girard, loc. cit., 197, Cottonwood Creek of the 

Rio Grande, Colo. 
Cyprinella beckwithi Girard, loc. cit., 197, Arkansas River, near Fort 

Makee. 
Cyprinella lepida Girard, loc. cit., 197, Rio Frio, Tex. 

957. Cyprinella ludibunda Girard. 

Rio Grande Basin. 

Cyprinella ludibunda Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

199, locality now known to be Cottonwood Creek, Colo. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 131 

958. Cyprinella macrostoma Girard. 

Rio Grande region, northward perhaps to Kansas. 

Cyprinella macrostoma Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

198, Devils River, Tex. 
^Cyprinella liixiloides Girard, loc. cit., 198, San Pedro Creek, Tex. 
ICyprinella luguhris Girard, loc. cit., 199, Cottonwood Creek, Colo. 
?Notropis umhrifer Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 245, Solomon 

River at Beloit and Saline River near Wakeeney, Kans. 

959. Cyprinella forlonensis (Meek). 

Streams of Tamaulipas, Mexico. 

Nototropis forlonensis Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 70, fig. 20, 
Rio Forlon, Tamaulipas, Mexico. 

960. Cyprinella rubripinna Garman. 

Tributaries of Lago del Muerto, Coahuila, Mexico. 

Cyprinella rubripinna Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 

91, Lago del Muerto; preoccupied. 
Notropis garmani Jordan, Cat. Fish. N. Amer., 1885, 813; substitute 

for rubripinna; preoccupied in Luxilus but not in Cyprinella. 

Genus 330. MONIANA Girard. 

Moniana Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 199 (Leuciscus 
liitreTjsis Baird and Girard); probablj' inseparable from Cyprinella. 

961. Moniana lutrensis (Baird and Girard). Redfin. 

Southern Illinois to South Dakota, Kansas, and the Rio Grande; very 

abundant in clear brooks southward. 
Leuciscus lutrensis Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1853, 391, Otter Creek, tributary of North Fork of Red River, Ark. 
Cyprinella suavis Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 197, San Antonio, Tex. 
Moniana leonina Girard, loc. cit., 199, Leon River, tributary to Rio San 

Antonio, Tex. 
Moniana complanatn Girard, loc. cit., 200, Brownsville, Tex. 
Moniana Ixtabilis Girard, loc. cit., 200, Hurah Creek, tributary of Rio 

Pecos. 
Moniana pulchella Girard, loc. cit., 200, Sugar Loaf Creek, tributary to 

the Poteau River. 
Moniana couchi Girard, loc. cit., 201, China, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 
Moniana rutila Girard, loc. cit., 201, Cadcreita, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 
Moniana gracilis Girard, loc. cit., 201, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 
Moniana gibbosa Girard, loc. cit., 201, Brownsville, Tex. 
Cyprinella billingsiana Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wye, 1870, 439, 

ot. Joseph, Mo. 
Moniana jugalis Cope, loc. cit., 439, St. Joseph, Mo. 
Hypsilepis iris Cope, Wheeler Surv., Zool., V, 1875, 653, Rio Grande, 

San Ildefonso, N. Mex. 
Cyprinella forbe si Jordan, Bull. 111. State Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1878, 57, 

clear streams of southern Illinois. 
Cliola montiregis Cope, Proc. Amer. Piiil. Soc, XII, 1885, 168 (read 

Dec. 7, 1884), Monterey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 

962. Moniana formosa Girard. 

Rio Mimbres, Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Moniana formosa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 201, 
Rio Mimbres, Chihuahua, Mexico. 

963. Moniana frigida Girard. 

Rio Frio and tributaries of Rio San Antonio, Tex., and Lake Santa 

Maria, Chihuahua, Mexico. 
Moniana frigida Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 200, 

Kio Frio, Tex. 

964. Moniana santamarise (Everniann and Goldsborough). 

Rio Grande Basin in Mexico. 

Notropis sanlamarisn Evermann and Goldsborough, liul!., U. S Fish 

Com., XXI, 1901 (1902), 147, fig. 2, Lake Santa Maria in Chihuahua, 

Mexico. 



132 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

965. Moniana proserpina Girard. 

Rio Grande region. 

Moniana proserpina Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

200, Devils River, Tex. 
Moniana aurata Girard, loc. cit., 200, Piedra Painte, N. Mex. 
^Montana tristis Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 201, locality unknown. 

966. Moniana boucardi (Gtinther). Salmichi. 

Central Mexico. 

Leuciscus boucardi Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 485, Cuernavaca, Mexico. 

Graodus nigrotseniatus Giinther, loc. cit., 485, Atlisco, Mexico. 

967. Moniana robusta (Meek). 

Santa Rosalia and Jimenez, Mexico. 

Aotropis robitstus Meek, Field Col. Mas., Zool., Ill, 1902, 82, Rio 

Conchos, Jimenez, Chihuahua, Mexico, figured as Nototropis robustus, 

in Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 66. 

968. Moniana chihuahua (Woolman). 

Streams of Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Notropis chihuahua Woolman, Amcr. Nat., March, 1892, 260, Rio de 
los Conchos, Chihuahua, Me.xico. 

969. Moniana callisema (Jordan). 

Ocmulgee River, Ga. 

Episema callisema Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 363, 
South Fork of Ocmulgee River, Flat Shoals, Ga. 

Genus 331. HUDSONIUS Girard. 

Hudsonius Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 210 {Clupea 
hudsonia Clinton) 

970. Hudsonius chamberlaini (Evermann). 

Atchafalaya River, La. 

Notropis chamberlaini Evermann, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes 
North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2800, Atchafalaya River, Melville, La. 

971. Hudsonius hudsonius (De Witt Clinton). Spawneater; Spot-tailed min- 

now; Shiner; Smelt. 
The Dakotas and Lake Superior to New York, and southward; abundant 

in the Great Lakes. 
Clupea hudsonia De Witt Clinton, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., I, 1824, 

49, Hudson River. 
Hudsonius fluviatilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

210, Hudson River. 
Luxilus selcne Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 60, Lake Sui)erior, 

Bayfield, Wis. 
Notropis scopiferus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., 1893, 153. 

Wiimipeg, Brandon, Fort Qu'Appelle and Medicine Hat, Assiniboia. 

972. Hudsonius amarus Girard. Gudgeon; Spawneater; Silverfin; Shiner; 

Smelt shiner; Silvery minnow; Blue-lined minnow. 
Delaware and Potomac Rivers. 
Hudsonius amarus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 210, 

Potomac River at Washington. 
Hybopsis phaenna Cope, loc. cit., 1864, 279, Delaware River, Trenton, 

N. J. 

973. Hudsonius saludanus (Jordan and Brayton). 

Coa.stwise streams from the James to the Ocmulgee. 

Alburnops saludanus Jordan and Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

1878, 16, a tributary of Saluda River, Greenville, S. C. 
Hudsonius euryopa Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 285, McBean 

Creek, tributary of Savannah River, Ga. 

974. Hudsonius aletes Jordan and Evermann. 

Southern Indiana. 

Hudsonius aletes Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 4th 
ser., XVI, 1927 (Apr. 27), 502, Switz City Swamp, Green County, Ind. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 133 

Genus 332. HYBOPSIS Agassiz. 

Hybopsis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854 (H. gracilis 
Ag3issiz = Ru til us atnblops Rafinesque?). 

Alburiiops Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 194 {Hy- 
bopsis gracilis Agassiz = A. blennius Girard). 

Graodus Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 485 {Oraodus nigrotieniatus Girard, 
specimen with pharyngeal teeth \ost = Alburnops blennius Girard). 

Chriope Jordan, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Terr., IV, 1878 {Hybopsis bifre- 
nattis Cope). 

Miniellus Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 5, 1888, 56 {Hybopsis procne Cope). 

975. Hybopsis gracilis Agassiz^ 

Tennessee River. 

Hybopsis gracilis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 358, 
Huntsville. Ala. 

976. Hybopsis blennius (Girard). Straw-colored minnow. 

Ohio, Michigan, and New York to Tennessee, Dakota, and Kansas, 

thence southwestward to Texas. 
tMinnilus microstomus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 47, Kentucky 

River; not certainly identifiable. 
tRu'ilus amblops Rafinesque, loo. cit., 51; not certainly identifiable. 
Alburnops blennius Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

194, Arkansas River, near Fort Smith, Ark. 
Hybognathus stramineus Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 283, Detroit River, 

Grosse Isle. 
Hybopsis missuriensis Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 437, 

Missouri River, St. Joseph, Mo. 
Notrojris reticulatus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., 1893, 

152, Fort Qu'Appelle, Assiniboia. 

977. Hybopsis winchelli Girard. 

Black Warrior River, Ala. 

Hybopsis winchelli Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

211, Black Warrior River, Ala. 
This species and the preceding may prove to be identical with Hybopsis 

gracilis. The synonymy of these little fishes is still unsettled. 

978. Hybopsis procne (Cope). Minnow; Minnie; S wallow minnoto shiner. 

Delaware River and Cayuga Lake Basin southward in coastwise streams 

as far as the Neuse River, N. C. 
Hybognathus procne Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 

'2H'i, Cone.stoga River, a tributary of the Susquehr.nna. 
Hybopsis longiceps Cope, Jour. Acad, Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1S68, 231, 

headwaters of James and Roanoke Rivers, Va. 

979. Hybopsis cummingsi (Myers). 

Streams near Wilmington, N. C. 

Xolropis cummingsi Myers, Amer. Mus. Novitates, No. 168, .\pril 23, 
1925, 1, fig. 1, upper Burnt Mill Creek, Wilmington, N. C. 

980. Hybopsis cayuga (Meek). 

("oiuu'cticut River, northern New York, and upper Mississippi Valley. 
Notropis cayuga Meek, Ann. Acad. Sci. N. Y., IV, 1888, 30.5, Cavuga 
Lake, N. V. 

981. Hybopsis atrocaudalis (Evermann). 

Rio Neches, Palestine, Tex., also in Rio Comal at New Braunfels, Te.x. 
Notropis raynga atrocaudalis Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 
1891 (1H92), 76, Neches River, Palestine, Tex. 

982. Hybopsis keimi (Fowler). 

AUeghenv River, western Pennsylvania. 

Nolroins keimi Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LX, 1908, .533, 
Plate XXVII, tributary of Allegheny River, Port Allegheny, Pa. 

983. Hybopsis volucella (Cope). 

.Micliigaii, Wisconsin, and northern Indiana. 

Hyhugnalhus voliicellus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 
283, Grosse Isle, Detroit River, Mich. 



134 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

984. Hybopsis phenacobius (Forbes), 

Streams of central Illinois. 

Notropis phenacobius Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., II, 1885, 2, 137, 
Peoria 111. 

985. Hybopsis spectrunculus Cope. 

Headwaters of Tennessee River in Tennessee, Virginia, and North 

Carolina. 
Hybopsis spectrunculus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 

231, tributary of Middle Fork of Holston River, Va. 

986. Hybopsis shumardi (Girard). 

Missouri region and southwestward. 

Alburnops shumardi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

194, Arkansas River, Fort Smith, Ark. 
Alburnops illecebrosus Girard, loc. cit., 194, Arkansas River, Fort 

Smith, Ark. 

987. Hybopsis boops (Gilbert). Big eye minnow. 

Maumee River, west to Iowa and Missouri. 

Notropis boops Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 201, Salt 

Creek, Brown County, Ind., and Flat Rock Creek, Decatur County, 

Ind. 

988. Hybopsis kanawha (Jordan and Jenkins). 

Tributaries of Kanawha River, southwestern Virginia. 
Notropis kanawha Jordan and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 354, Plate 44, fig. 5, Reed Creek, Wytheville, Va. 

989. Hybopsis piptolepis (Cope). 

North Platte River. 

Fhotogenis piptolepis Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 438, Red 
Cloud Creek, a tributary of North Platte River. 

990. Hybopsis gilbert! (Jordan and Meek), 

Illinois to eastern Colorado. 

Notropis gilberti Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 

1885, 4, Des Moines River and Village Creek, Ottumwa, Iowa; 

perhaps not distinct from Hybopsis piptolepis. 

991. Hybopsis horatii (Cockerell). 

Platte Basin. 

Notropis horatii Cockerell, Science, XXXIV, No. 879, Nov. 3, 1911, 
614, Julesburg, Colo. 

992. Hybopsis deliciosa (Girard), Straw-colored minnow. 

Michigan, and southwest to Arkansas. 

1 Minnilus microstomus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 47, Ohio 

River; not certainly identifiable. 
IHybopsis dorsalis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts., XVII, 1854, 358, 

Burlington, Iowa; unidentifiable. 
Moniana deliciosa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

199, Leon River, a tributary of the San Antonio River, Tex. 

993. Hybopsis deliciosa straminea Cope. Northern straw-colored minnow. 

(ircat Lakes region, mostly in small brooks, the northern form of H. 

deliciosus. 
Hybopsis stramineus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1886, 381, 

Grosse Isle, Detroit River. 

994. Hybopsis calientis (Jordan and Snyder). 

Streams of central Mexico. 

Notropis calientis Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish. Com., XIX, 
1899 (1900), 122, fig. 4, Rio Verde at Aguas Calientes, Mexico. 

995. Hybopsis buchanani (Meek). 

Poteau River, Okla. 

Notropis buchanani Meek, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XV, 1895 (1896), 342, 
Poteau River near Poteau, Ind. Ter. 

996. Hybopsis heterolepis (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

Notropis heterolepis Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., 1893, 

152, Cayuga Lake. 
Notropis muskoka Meek, Field Col. Mus,, Zool,, I, 1898, 308, Muskoka 

Lake near Georgian Bay, Ontario. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 135 

997. Hybopsis kendalli (Evermann and Cockerell). 

Cross Lake Thoroughfare, Me. 

Notropis kendalli Evermann and Cockerell, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXII, 
Dec. 8, 1909, Cross Lake Thoroughfare, Me. 

998. Hybopsis ozarcanus (Meek). 

White River, Ark. 

Notropis ozarcanus Meek, Bull., U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 (1891), 129, 
North Fork of White River, Ark. 

999. Hybopsis scylla Cope. 

Illinois River to western Kansas and Montana; abundant in the shallow 

sandy streams of the plains. 
lAlhurnus lineolatus Agassiz, in Putnam, Bull., Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 

1863, 9, Osage River, Mo.; unidentifiable. 
Hybopsis scylla Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 438, Red 

Cloud Creek, tributary of Platte River. 
Cliola chlora Jordan, Bull. Hayden's Geol. Surv. Terr., IV, 1878, 791, 

upper Missouri River. 

1000. Hybopsis longirostris (Hay). 

Chickasawha River, Miss., to Escambia River, Fla. 
Alburnops longirostris Hay, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mas., Ill, 1880, 504, 
Chickasawha River at Enterprise, Miss. 

1001. Hybopsis nocomis (Evermann). 

Trinity, San Marcos, and Comal Rivers, Tex. 

Notropis nocomis Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891 (1892), 

78, Trinity River, Palestine, Tex., and San Marcos River, San 

Marcos, Tex. 

1002. Hybopsis ortenburgeri (Hubbs.) 

Mountain Fork River, Okla. 

Notropis ortenburgeri Hubbs, Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., pt. 1, VI, Jan. 1, 
1927, 127, Moimtain Fork River, McCurtain County, Okla. 

1003. Hybopsis nux (Evermann). 

Neches and Trinity Rivers near Palestine, Tex. 

Notropis nux Exermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891 (1892), 77, 
Neches River, Palestine, Tex. 

1004. Hybopsis simus (Cope). 

Rio Grande at San Ildefonso, N. Mex. 

Alburnellus simus Cope, Wheeler Surv., V, Zool., 1875, 649, San Ilde- 
fonso, N. Mex. 

1006. Hybopsis sabinee (Jordan and Gilbert). 
Sabine River, Tex. 

Notropis sabinx Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 
15, Sabine River at Longview, Tex. 

1006. Hybopsis nitida (Girard). 

Tributaries of Rio San Juan at Cadereita, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 
Montana nitida Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 201, 

Cadereita, Mexico; not Alburnus nitidus Kirtland, also a Notropis 

but not a Hybopsis. 
Notropis braytoni Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 

Amer., 1896, 264, Cadereita, Mexico; substitute for M. nitida 

Girard, preoccupied. 

Subgenus CHRIOPE Jordan. 

1007. Hybopsis bifrenata Cope. Bridled minnow; Minnie. 

Maine to Maryland. 

Hybopsis bifrenatus Cope, Trans., Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1867, Schuyl- 
kill River, Conshoiiucken, Pa. 

1008. Hybopsis niaculata (Hay). 

(,'hickasawha River, Miss. 

Hemilremia muculala Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 1505, 
Chickasawha River, Enterprise, Misa. 



136 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1009. Hybopsis anogenus (Forbes). 

Western New York (Cayuga Lake) to northern Illinois. 
Notropis anogenus Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., II, 1885, Art. 2, 
138, Fox River, McHenry, 111. 

1010. Hybopsis heterodon (Cope). 

S'ew York to ISIit-higan and Kansas; common. 

Alburnops heieriMon Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 

281, Lansing; Grosse Isle, Mich. 
Notropis germanits Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 252, Smoky 

Hill River, Wallace, Ivans. 

1011. Hybopsis heterodon richardsoni (Hubbs and Greene). 

Fox River System, tributary to Green Baj', Wis. 

Notropis heterodon richardsoni Hubbs and Greene, Univ. Mich. Mus. 

Zool., Misc. Pub. 15. 1926, 39, PI. Ill, fig. 1, Fox River, opposite 

Lock 25, Columbia County, Wis. 

1012. Hybopsis jordani (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

South Saskatchewan River, Medicine Hat, Assiniboia. 

Notropis albeolus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., 1893, 152, 

Medicine Hat, Assiniboia; name preoccupied. 
Notropis jordani Eigenmann and Eigenmann, loc. cit., 592, substitute 

for Chriope albeolus, preoccupied in Notropis but not in Chriope. 

Genus 333. PLATYGOBIO Gill. 

Platygobio Gill, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, V, 1863, 178 {Pogonichthys 
communis Givard = Cyprinus (Leuciscus) gracilis Richardson). 

1013. Platygobio gracilis (Richardson). Flat-headed chub. 

East slope of the Rocky Mountains, from the jNlissouri and Yellowstone 

Rivers to the Saskatchewan; abundant in river channels as far south 

as Kansas City. 
Cyprinus (Leuciscus) gracilis Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Fishes, 

1836, 120, Saskatchewan River at Carleton House. 
Coregonus angusticeps Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XXI, 1848, 389-390 (534), Saskatchewan River. 
Pogonichthys communis Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 

1856, 188, Yellowstone River, Fort Pierre, Nebr., etc. 
Pogonichthys (Platygobio) gulonellus Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 277, 

near Bridgers Pass, Wyo. 

1014. Platygobio physignathus (Cope). 

Upper waters of Arkansas River; very abundant in the channels; the 

most common fish at Pueblo, Colo. 
Ceratichthys physignathus Cope, Wheeler Surv., V, Zool., 1875 (1876), 

651, Arkansas River, Pueblo, Colo. 

1015. Platygobio pallidus Forbes. 

One specimen from Ohio River at Cairo, 111. 

Platygobio pallidus Forbes, in Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 220, 
Ohio River at Cairo, 111. 

Genus 334. CGUESIIJS Jordan. 

Couesius Jordan, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Terr., IV, 1878, 785 (Nocomis 
milneri Jordan = f7o/Ho plumbeus Agassiz). 

1016. Couesius squamilentus (Cope). 

Henry Fork of Green River in southwestern Wyoming. 
Ceratichthys squamilentus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 442, 
Henry Fork of Green River, Wyo., Colorado Basin. 

1017. Couesius plumbeus (Agassiz). Chub minnow; Lake chub; Plumbeua 

minnow; Moose Lake minnow. 
Streams and lakes from Lake Superior east to the Adirondack region 

and New Brunswick; not very common except northward. 
Gobio plumbeus Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 366, Lake Superior. 
Ceratichthys prosthemius Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1867, 

Montreal River, Keweenaw Point, Lake Superior. 
Nocomis milneri Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 64, Lake 

Superior. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 137 

1018. Couesius greeni Jordan. 

Stuart Lake, headwaters of Fraser River, British Columbia, and Lake 

Pend d'Oreille, Idaho. 
Couesius greeni Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. iVIus., XVI, 1893, 313, Stuarts 

Lake, British Cohimbia. 

1019. Couesius dissimilis (Girard). 

Upper Missouri and Black Hills region. 

Leucosomus dissimilis Girard, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

189, Milk River and Little Muddy River, Mont. 

1020. Couesius adustus Woolman. 

Rio de los Conchos, Chihuahua. Mexico. 

Couesius adustus Woolman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 189-1, 57, Rio 
de los Conchos, Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Genus 335. NOCOMIS Girard. 

Xocomis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1856, 190 (A", nebrascensis 

Girard = Luxil us keniuckierisis Rafinesque). 
Ceratichthys Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1853, 

391 (C. vigilax Baird and Girard; not of Baird and Girard, 1856); no 

description. 

1021. Nocomis kentuckiensis (Rafinesque). Chub; Hornyhead; River chub; 

Jerker; Indian chub. 
Pennsylvania to Wyoming and Alabama, on both sides of the Alle- 

ghenies; abundant in the larger streams. 
Luxilus kentuckiensis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 48, Ohio River. 
7Catostomus melanotus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 58, Ohio River at the falls. 
Semotilus higuttatus Kirtland, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1840, 344, PI. V, 

Yellow Creek, Ohio. 
Nocomis nebrascensis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

190, Sweetwater River, Nebr. 

Ceratichthys leptocephalus Girard, loc. cit., 213, Salem, N. C. 
Nocomis bellicus Girard, loc. cit., 213, Black Warrior River. 
Ceratichthys cyclotis Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1S64, 277, Grosse Lsle, Water- 
ford; Clinton River and Bruce, Mich. 
Ceratichthys stigmaticus Cope, loc. cit., 1864, 278, Michigan. 

1022. Nocomis micropogon (Cope). 

Streams of Pennsylvania. 

Ceratichthys micropogon Cope, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 
277, Conestoga River near Lancaster, Pa. 

Genus 336. YURIRIA Jordan and Evermann 

Yuriria .Jordan aiifi Evorinaun, Fishes North and Mid. .\mcr., 1S96, 
321 (llndsnnius altus Jordan). 

1023. Yuriria alta (Jordan). Pesca blanca. 

Lakes and streams of Guanajuato, tributary to Rio Lerma, Mexico, in 

Pacific drainage. 
Hudsonius altus Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 301, Lake 

Tupataro, Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Genus 337. ERINEMUS Jordan 

Erinrmus Jordan, .Man. Vert., 1876, 279 (Ceratichthys hyalinus Cope). 

1024. Erinemus storerianus (Kirtland). Storer's chub; Lake minnoiv. 

(ireat Lakes aiui westward to Wyoming, Tennessee, and .\rkansas; 

abundant in the larger streams and lakes, especially in Iowa. 
Rutilus storerianus Kirtland, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., I, 1842, 71, 

Lake Erie (name onlv); description given as Leuciscus storerianus in 

Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., V, 1845. .30, PI. I, fig. 2, 
Gobio rcrnalis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 189, 

Arkansas River, Fort Smith, Ark. 
Ceratichthys lucens Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 238, FaUs 

of Ohio River near New Albany, Ind. 

1025. Erinemus hyalinus (Cope). Silver chub. * 

Ceratichthys hyalinus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 226, 
tributary of Holston River. 



138 IT. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1026. Erinemus labrosus (Cope). 

Basin of the Santee in North and South Carolina; common. 
CcradchthTjs labrosus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 45S, 

tributaries of Catawba River, McDowell and Burke Counties, N. C. 
Ceratichthys zanemus Jordan and Bravton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

1878, 24, Saluda River, Greenville, "N. C. 

1027. Erinemus hypsinotus (Cope). 

Santee Basin, in North and South Carolina. 

Ceratichthys hypsinotus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 
458, tributaries of Catawba River, McDowell County, N. C. 

1028. Erinemus rubrifrons (Jordan). 

Basin of the Altamaha, Ga. 

Noco77iis rubrifrons Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 
330, Ocmulgee River, Flat Rock, Ga. 

Genus 338. ERIMYSTAX Jordan. 

Erimystax Jordan, Rept. Geol. Surv. Ohio, IV, 1882, 858 {Luxilvs dis- 
siinilis Kirtland). 

1029. Erimystax dissimilis (Kirtland). Spotted shiner. 

Lake Erie to the headwaters of the Tennessee and west to Arkansas 

and Iowa. 
Luxilus dissimilis Kirtland, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1840, 341, pi. 

4, fig. 2, Mahoning River, Ohio, and Lake Erie near Cleveland, 

Ohio. 

1030. Erimystax watauga (Jordan and Evermann). 

Holston River, Va.; Watauga River, Tenn.; White River, Ark.; 

Big Barren River, Ky.; and Tippecanoe River, Ind. 
Hybopsis watauga Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 

1888, 355, Watauga River, Elizabethtown, Tenn.; North Fork of 

Holston River, Saltville, Va. 

Genus 339. ERIMONAX Jordan. 

Erimonax Jordan, Copeia, 1924, 52 {Ceratichthys monacus Cope). 

1031. Erimonax monacus (Cope). 

Tennessee Basin in the river channels. 

Ceratichthys monacus Cope, Joiir. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 227, 
Holston River, Washington County, Va. 

Genus 340. OREGONICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Oreqonichthys Hubbs, Occ. Papers, Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 1927 
(Hybopsis crameri Snyder). 

1032. Oregonichthys crameri (Snvder). 

Hybopsis crameri Snyder, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXVII, 1907, 181, 
fig. 5, Willamette River at Oregon City, Orcg. 

1033. Oregonichthys cumingii (Gtinther). 

California; only the type known. 

Ceratichthys cumingii Giinther, Cat., VII, 1868, 177, California; type 
locality uncertain. 

Genus 341. MACRHYBOPSIS Cockerell and Alliston. 

Macrhybopsis Cockerell and Alliston, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXII, 
1909, 162 {Gobio gclidus Girard). 

1034. Macrhybopsis aestivalis (Girard). 

Arkansas River to the Rio Grande; abundant in sandy river channels, 

not in small brooks. 
Gobio xstivalis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 189, 

Rio San Juan, near Cadcreita, Nuevo Leon. 

1035. Macrhybopsis marconis (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Abundant in Rio San Marcos, San Marcos, Tex.; also known from the 
(Juadalupe River near San Marcos and the Rio Comal at New 
Braunfels, Tex. 

Hybopsis xstivalis marconis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
IX, 1886, 22, Rio San Marcos, San Marcos, Tex. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 139 

1036. Macrhybopsis sterletus (Cope). 

Rio Grande. 

Ceratichthys sterletus Cope, Wheeler Surv., V, Zool., 1875 (1876), 652, 
Rio Grande, at San Ildefonso, New Mexico. 

1037. Macrhybopsis gelida (Girard). 

Middle Missouri River Basin, from Wj'oming to eastern Nebraska. 
Gobio gelidus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 188, 
Milk River, Mont. 

1038. Macrhybopsis montana (Meek). 

Type supposed to be from the upper Missouri. 

Hybopsis mo7itanus Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 526, 

locality unknown but collected b\' Dr. F. V. Hayden, probably in 

the upper Missouri Basin. 

1039. Macrhybopsis meeki (Jordan and Everniann). 

Missouri River at St. Joseph and elsewhere in the river channel. 
Hybopsis meeki Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 317, Missouri River at St. Joseph, Mo. 

1040. Macrhybopsis hyostoma (Gilbert). 

Indiana to Iowa, and south to the Alabama River. 

Nocomis hyostomus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 203, 
White River, Bedford, Ind. 

Genus 342. EXTRARIUS Jordan. 

Extrarius Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXX, 1918, 342 (Hy- 
bopsis ielranemus Gilbert). 

1041. Extrarius tetranemus (Gilbert). 

Tributaries of Arkansas River in Kansas and Arkansas. 
Hybopsis tetranemus Gilbert, Bull. Washburn Lab. Nat. Hist., 1886, 
208, Elm and Spring Creeks, Medicine Lodge, Kans. 

Genus 343. RHINICHTHYS Agassiz. 

Argyreus Heckel, Russegger's Reisen, 1842 (Cyprinus atronasus Mitchill; 

name preoccupied). 
Rhinichthys Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 353 {Cyprinus atronasus 

Mitchill). 

1042. Rhinichthys cataractae (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Long-nosed dace; 

Black-nosed dace; Black minnow; Niagara gudgeon. 
New England to Virginia and Wisconsin. 
Gobio cataracts' Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVI, 1842, 

240 (315), pi. 483, Niagara Falls. 
Leuciscus nasutus Ayrcs, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., IV, 1843, 299, 

West I^artford, Conn. 
Rhinichthys marmoralus Aga.ssiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 354, PI. II, figs. 

1 and 2, Sault Ste. Marie, Lake Superior. 

1043. Rhinichthys bowersi Goldsborough and Clark. 

Rhinichthys houersi Goldsborough and Clark, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 
XXVII, 1907, 36, Dry Fork, Herman, W. Va. 

1044. Rhinichthys dulcis (Girard). 

Upper Missouri, Platte, Arkansas, Rio Grande, and Colorado Rivers; 

Columbia River; Utah Basin; and coastwise streams of Washington 

and Oregon. 
Argyreus dulcis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 185, 

Sweetwater River, Nebr. 
Rhinichthys maxillosus Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 278, Kansas. 
Rhinichthys transmontanus Cope, Amer. Nat., 1879, 441, tributaries of 

Rio Grande in Colorado and New Mexico. 
Rhinichthys ocella Garmaii, Science Observer, III, 1881, 59, northeastern 

Wyoming and Montana. 
Rhinichthyn luteus Garnian, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 87, 

Bear River, Ogden, Utah. 



140 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1045. Rhinichthys atronasus (Mitchill). Dace; Black-7iosed dace; Brook min- 

now; Striped dace. 
New England to Minnesota, northern Alabama, and Virginia; very 

abundant in clear brooks and monntain streams. 
Cyprinus atro7ia!-:iit> Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 460, 

Wallkill River; brooks of New York. 
Cyprinus rittatus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1817, 121, upper 

Hudson River. 

1046. Rhinichthys croceus (Storer). 

Tennessee Basin; abundant in clear brooks. 

Leuciscus croceus Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1845, 48, Florence, 

Ala. 
Rhiiiichthys obtusus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 357, 

Huntsville, Ala. 
Rhinichthys badius Garman, Science Observer, III, 1881, 60, Clinch 

River, Tenn. 

1047. Rhinichthys lunatus Cope. 

Lakes and brooks of Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, 

and in Rainv River. 
Rhinichthys lunatus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 278, 

Grosse Isle, Mich. 
Rhinichthys arenaius Garman, Science Observer, 1881, 62, Sand Hill 

River, Minn. 

1048. Rhinichthys meleagris Agassiz. 

Illinois and Iowa. 

Rhinichthys meleagris Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 357, 
Burlington, Iowa. 

1049. Rhinichthys simus Garman. 

Coahuila, Mexico. 

Rhinichthys simus Garman, Science Observer, III, 1881, 61, Coahuila, 
Mexico. 

Genus 344. AGOSIA Girard. 

Agosia Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 186 (Agosia 

chrysogaster Girard). 
Zopheyidum Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 155 {Hybognathus 

siderius Cope — Agosia chrysogaster Girard). 

1050. Agosia chrysogaster Girard. 

Tributaries of the Gila River; common in the mountain brooks. 
Agosia chrysogaster Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. ,Phila., VIII, 1856, 

187, Rio Santa Cruz, Sonora. 
Agosia metallica Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 187, Rio San Pedro, Ariz. 
Ilyborhynchus (Hybognathus) siderius Cope, Wheeler Surv., V, Zool., 

1875, 670, PI. XXXI, figs. 6 and 6a, Camp Lowell, Ariz. 

Genus 345. APOCOPE Cope. 

Apocope Cope, Ilayden'.s Geol. Surv. Mont., etc., 1871 (1872), 472 

{A. carringtoni Cope). 
Eritrema Cope, Wheeler's Surv., V, Zool., 1876, 645 {Apocope henshavii 

Cope). 

1051. Apocope nubila (Girard). 

Basin of the Columbia River from western Idaho, below Shoshone Falls 
of Snake River, to the coast, and in coastwise streams from Wash- 
ington southward into Oregon. 

Argyreus nubilus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 186, 
Fort Steilacoom, Puget Sound. 

1052. Apocope robusta (Rutter). 

Upper Sacramento Basin. 

Agosia robusta Rutter, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902, 148, Prosser 
Creek, Calif. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 



141 



1053. Apocope carringtonii Cope. 

Upper Snake River Basin to Heart Lake in Yellowstone Park, thence 

extending southward in the Great Basin and the Coast Ranges; 

southeastern Oregon. 
Apocope carringtonii Cope, Hayden's GeoL Surv. Mont., 1871, 472, 

Warm Springs, L'tah. 
Apocope vulnerata Cope, loc. cit., 47.3, Logan, Utah. 
Tigoma rhinichthyoides Cope. loc. cit., 473, Logan, Utah. 
Rhinichthys henshavii Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 133, 

Provo, Utah. 
Agosia novemradiata Cope, Proc. .\cad. Xat. Sci. Phila., XXV, 1883, 

141, Weber River at Echo, Utah. 

1054. Apocope oscvila (Girard). 

Lower Colorado and Gila Rivers; not rare. 

Argyreus osculus Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., 1856, 186, Babo- 

comori Creek, a tributary of the Rio San Pedro, .\riz. 
Argyreus notabilis Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 186, Rio Santa Cruz, Sonora, 

a tributary of the Rio San Pedro, Ariz. 
Ceratichthys ventricosus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XXV, 1874, 136, 

Ariz. 

1055. Apocope couesii Yarrow. 

Colorado River Basin. 

Apocope couesii Yarrow, Field and Forest, 1876, and Wheeler Surv., 
V, Zool., 1875, 648, Camp Apache, Ariz. 

1056. Apocope yarrowi (Jordan and Evermann). 

Streams of Colorado in the Colorado River Basin. 

Agosia yarroui Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 
(1891), 28, Tomichi Creek and Gunnison River, Gunni.son, Colo. 

1057. Apocope adobe (Jordan and Evermann). 

Sevier River, Utah; locally abundant. 
Agosia adobe Jordan and Evermann, BuU. 
(1891), Sevier River, Juab, Utah. 



U. S. Fi.sh Com., IX, 1889 



1058. Apocope klamathensis (Evermann and Meek). 

Agosia Idamathensis Evermann and Meek, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XVII 
1897 (1S9S1, 75, 9, fig. 5, Pelican Bay, Upper Klamath Lake, Oreg] 

1059. Apocope nevadensis (Gilbert). 

Warm springs in the deserts of southwestern Nevada; Ash Meadow.«!, 

Indian Creek, and Vegas Creek, Nev. 
Rhinichthys (Apocope) nevadensis Gilbert, Death Valley Exped., 1893, 

230, pi. 6, fig. 1, Ash Meadows, .Vmargo.sa Desert, Nev. 

1060. Apocope velifera (Gilbert). 

Pahranagat Valley, southwestern Nevada. 

Rhinichthys (Apocope) velifer Gilbert, Death Valley Exped., 1S93, 
229, pi. 6, fig. 2, Pahranagat Valley, Nev. 

1061. Apocope falcata (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

Columbia River Basin; locally abundant; Boise River at Caldwell, 
Idaho; Payette River at Payette, Idaho; Columbia River at Pa.sco 
and Umatilla; and .Mill Creek at Walla Walla. 

Agosia falcata Eigeiunaim and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., XXVII, Feb. 
4, 1893, 153, Boi.se River, Caldwell, Idaho. 

1062. Apocope umatilla (Gilbert and Evermann). 

("(iliimbia River at I'matilla, Oreg., and Payette and Salmon Rivers, 

Idaho. 
Agosia umatilla Gilbert and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 

1894, 192, pi. 9, fig. 2, Columbia River, Umatilla, Oreg. 

Genus 346. ERICYMBA Cope. 

Ericymba Cope, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1805, 88 (E. buccuta 
Cope). 

W24°— 29 10 



142 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1063. Ericymba buccata Cope. Silver-mouthed minnoio. 

Michigan and western Pennsylvania to Kansas and southward to 
western Florida. 

Ericymba buccata Cope, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 88, 
Kiskiminitas River, a tributary of the Monongahela, western Penn- 
sylvania. 

Genus 347. PHENACOBIUS Cope. 

Phenacobius Cope, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867, 96 (P. 

teretulus Cope). 
Sarcidium Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870, 363 {S. scopiferum 

Cope). 

1064. Phenacobius teretulus Cope. 

Kanawha River, W. Va. 

Phenacobius teretulus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867, 
96, Kanawha River, Eggleston Springs, W. Va. 

1065. Phenacobius mirabilis (Girard). Sucker-mouthed minnow. 

Illinois to Arkansas. 

Exoglossum mirabile Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 
191, Arkansas River, Fort Smith, Ark. 

1066. Phenacobius scopifer (Cope). 

Illinois to the Rio Grande. 

Sarcidium scopiferum Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1870 (1871), 

440, Missouri River near St. Joseph, Mo. 
Phenacobius teretulus liosternus Nelson, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 

1876, 46, brooks of McLean County, 111. 

1067. Phenacobius uranops Cope. 

Upper Tennessee Basin. 

Phenacobius uranops Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIX, 1867, 
96, Holston River, Saltville, Va. 

1068. Phenacobius catostomus Jordan. 

Alabama River Basin. 

Phenacobius catostomus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 
332, Silver Creek, Etowah River, Rome, Ga. 

Genus 348. FALCUIARIUS Jordan and Snyder. 

Falcula Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1899, 124 

{Falcula chapalse Jordan and Snyder); name preoccupied. 
Falcularius Jordan, Amer. Nat., XXXVII, 1903, 360 {Falcula chapalse 
Jordan and Snyder). 

1069. Falcularius chapalse (Jordan and Snyder). 

Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

Falcula chapalse Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1899 

(1901), 124, Lake Chapala at Ocotlan, Mexico. 

Genus 349. XYSTROSUS Jordan and Snyder. 

X2/5irosus Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1899 (1901), 
123 {X. popoche Jordan and Snyder). 

1070. Xystrosus popoche Jordan and Snyder. 

Basin of the Rio Lerma, Mexico. 

Xystrosus popoche Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 
1899 (1901), 123, Lake Chapala^ at Ocotlan, Jalisco, Mexico. 

Genus 350. EVARRA Woolman. 

Evarra Woolman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 64 {E. eigenmani.i 
Woolman). 

1071. Evarra eigenmanni Woolman. 

Central Mexico. 

Evarra eigenmanni Woolman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 64, 
City of Mexico. 

1072. Evarra tlahuacensis Meek. 

Chalco Lake, Tlahuac, Mexico. 

Evarra tlahuacensis Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 85, PI. 
XVIII, lower figure, Chalco Lake, Tlahuac, Mexico. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 143 

Genus 351. TIAROGA Girard. 

Tiaroga Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 204 {T. cobitis 
Girard) . 

1073. Tiaroga cobitis Girard. 

Gila Basin, Ariz. 

Tiaroga cobitis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 204, 
Rio San Pedro, Ariz. 

Genus 352. AZTECUIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Azteca Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amcr., 1896, 254 

(Notropis aztecus Woolman); name preoccupied. 
AzteciUa Jordan and Evermann, loc. cit., 1898, 2799, {Notropis aztecus 

Woolman = Codorna vittata Girard). 

1074. Aztecula vittata (Girard). 

Valley of Mexico and headwaters of the Rio Balsas at Pueblo, Mexico. 
Codoma vittata Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 195, 

Valley of Mexico. 
Notropis aztecus Woolman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 63, pi. 2, 

canals about City of Mexico. 

1075. Aztecula mezicana Meek. 

Basin of Rio San Juan on the Mexican plateau. 

Aztecula mexicana Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 81, figured; 
loc. cit., V, 1904, 62, fig. 15; San Juan del Rio, Mexico. 

1076. Aztecula lermse (Evermann and Goldsborough). 

Basin of Rio Lerma. 

Notropis lermse Evermann and Goldsborough, Bull. U. S. Fish. Com., 
XXI, 1901 (1902), 147, fig. 3, Lake Lerma, at Lerma, Mexico. 

Genus 353. CODOMA Girard. 

Codoma Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 194 (C. ornnta 
Girard). 

1077. Codoma ornata Girard. 

Headwaters of the Rio Nezquital and Rio Nazas in Durango to upper 
tributaries of the Rio Yaqui and Rio Conchos in Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Codoma ornata Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 195, 
Chihuahua River, Mexico. 

1078. Codoma topeka (Gilbert). 

Western Iowa and eastern South Dakota to Kansas; locally abundant in 

the prairie streams. 
Notropis topeka Gilbert, Bull. Washburn Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1884, 13, 

tributary of Kansas River, Topeka, Kans. 
Notropis aeneolus Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 245, Solomon 

River, Wakeeney, Kans. 

Genus 354. HYBOGNATHUS Agassiz. 

Hybognathus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 223 (H. nuchalis 
Agassiz). 

1079. Hybognathus nuchalis Agassiz. Gudgeon; Smelt; Silvery minnow; Smelt 

minnow. 
Clear streams from the upper Missouri southward to Georgia and Texas, 

west of the Alleghenies. 
Hybognathus nuchalis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 224, 

Quincy, 111. 
Hybognathus evansi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 182, 

P'ort Pierre, Nebr. 
Hybognathus placitus Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 182, sluices of the Arkansas 

River. 

1080. Hybognathus regius Girard. Gudgeon; Silvery minnom. 

Streams New Jonsey to Virginia, east of the AJleghenies. 

Hybognathus regius Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. I'hila., VIII, 1S56, 

209, Potomac River. 
Hybognathus osmerinus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 406, 

Karitan River, N. J. 



144 t:. S. BttREAU OF FISHERIES 

1081. Hybognathus argyritis Girard. 

Upper Missouri region and Red River of the North. 
Hybognathiis argyritis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 
182, Milk River, Mont. 

1082. Hybognathus hayi Jonhm. 

Lower Mississippi Vallev and neighboring rivers in Mississippi. 
Hybognathus hayi Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 548, Pearl 
River, Jackson, Miss.; this and three preceding are all very close to 

Hybognath us n uchalis. 

Genus 355. DIONDA Girard. 

Dionda Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.; VIII, 176 {D. episcopa 

Girard) . 
Algnma Girard, loc, cit., 180 {A. amara Girard). 

1083. £>ionda episcopa Girard. 

Southern Texas and northern Me.xico; south to the Rio Mezquital in 

Durango and the Rio San Juan in Nuevo Leon. 
Dionda episcopa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 177, 

headwaters of Pecos River and Comanche Spring, tributary to the 

Rio Grande, Tex. 
Dionda terensis Girard, loc. cit., 177, Nueces River, Tex. 
Dionda papalis Girard, loc. cit., 178, Delaware Creek, a tributary of 

Pecos River, Tex. 
Dionda argentosa Girard, loc. cit., 178, San Felipe Creek and Devils 

River, tributaries of Rio Grande. 
Dionda chrysitis Girard. loc. cit., 178, Live Oak Creek, a tributary of 

the Pecos. 
Dionda couchi Girard, loc. cit., 178, Guajuco, Monterey, and Cadereita, 

Nuevo Leon. 
Hybognathxis flavipinnis Cope, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1880, 36, 

Johnsons Fork of Llano River, Tex. 
Hybognathus nigrotseniata Cope, loc. cit., 37, Wallace Creek, a tributary 

of Medina River, Tex. 
Hybognathus (Dionda) punciifer Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 

1881, 89, Parras and spring near Saltillo, Mexico. 
Hybognathus civilis Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, 1884, 167, Monterey, 

Nuevo Leon. 

1084. Dionda serena Girard. 

Sabinal River, Tex. 

Dionda serena Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 177, 
Sabinal River, Tex. 

1085. Dionda amara (Girard) 

Near Fort Brown, Tex. 

Algoma amara Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 180,, 
Lagoon near Fort Brown, Tex. 

1086. Dionda melanops Girard. 

Coahuila, Mexico. 

Dionda melanops Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 178,, 
Buena Vista, Coahuila. 

1087. Dionda nubila (Forbes). 

Western Illinios, west to Wyoming and southwest to the Ozark region. 
Alburnops nubilus Forbes, Bull. 111. Lai). Nat. Hist., I, 1878, 56, Rock 
River, Ogle County, 111. 

1088. Dionda plumbea Girard. 

Tributaries of Arkansas River, in Oklahoma. 

Dionda plumbea Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 178, 

Canadian River, Okla. 
Dionda spadicea Girard, loc. cit., 178, Fort Smith, Ark. 
Dionda grisea Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 230, PI. Lll, figs. 6-10, 

near Choctaw Agency. 

Genus 356. CERATICHTHYS Baird and Girard. 

Ceratidhys Baird and Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1853, 

391 (C. vigilax; misprinted Ceratidhys, not of Girard, 1856). 
Cliola Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 192 {Ceratichthys vigilax Baird and 

Girard). 
Hypargyrus Forbes, in Gilbert, Prac. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 200 

(Hybopsis tuditanus Cope). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 145 

1089. Ceratichthyg vigilax Baird and Girard. Bullhead minnow; Fathead 

minnow, 
Ohio to Geofgia, loWa, and Texas. 
Ceratichthys vigilax Baird and Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VI. 1853, 391, Otter Creek, North fork of Red River, Ark. 
Cliola relax Girard, loc. cit., VIII, 1856, 192, San Pedro Creek and 

Cliola rivax, Rio Leon, tributaries of Rio San Antonio, Tex. 
Hybopsis iuditnnus Cope, Trans., Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 381, 

Detroit, Mich. 
Alhurnops (aurocephalus Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 1880, 503, Chic* 

kasawha River, Miss. 

1090. Ceratichthys smithi (Evermann and Cox). 

Southern South Dakota; known only from Prairie Creek near Scotland. 
Cliola smithii Evermann and Cox, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1894 
(1896), 400, Prairie Creek, Scotland, S. Dak. 

Genus 357. HYBORHYNCHUS Agassiz. 

Hyhorhynchus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 223 {Minnilus 
notatus Rafinesque). 

1091. Hyhorhynchus notatus (Rafinesque). Blunt-nosed minnow; Spotted 

minnow. 
Quebec to Delaware; Kentucky, Alabama, Arkansas, and northward 

to the Dakotas; generally very abundant in small streams west of 

the AUeghenies. 
Minnilus notatus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 47, Ohio River. 
Hyhorhynchus perspicuus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 

1856, 179, Arkansas River, Fort Smith. 
1 Hyhorhynchus tenellus Girard, loc. cit., 179, Choctaw Agency. 
Hyhorhynchus puniceus Girard, loc. cit., 179, Antelope Creek, Canadian 

River. 
Hyhopsis hsematurus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 382, 

St. Joseph River, Michigan City, Ind. 
^Hyhorhynchus superciliosus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1868, 234, Kanawha River. 

Genus 358. PIMEPHALES Rafinesque. Fatheads. 

Pimcphales Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 52 (P. pronuins Ra- 
finesque). 

Coliscus Cope, Hayden's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1872, 437 {Coliscus pnrietalis 
Cope; young of Pimcphales promelas) . 

Spinicephalus LeSueur, Bull. Sci. Philom., VIII, 1896, 14, pi. 26 
{S. fihulatus LeSueur = Pimep/io/es promelas Rafinesque). 

1092. Pimephales promelas Rafinesque. Fathead minnow; Blackhead 

minnow. 
Lake Champlain to Kentucky, Dakota, and the Rio Grande; abundant 

in sluggish brooks, especially in the Missouri Basin. 
Pimephales promelas Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 53, pond near 

Lexington, Ky. 
Pimephales maculosus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

180, sluices of the Arkansas River, Fort Makoe, Ark. 
Pimephales fasciatus Girard, loc. cit., 180, Yellowstone River. 
Plnrgyrus mclnnocephalus Abbott, loc. cit., XII, 1860, 325, Lake 

Whittlesey, Minn. 
Pimephales milesi Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 282, Grossc Isle, Detroit 

River, Mich. 
Pimcphales agas.sizii Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 394, 

tributary of Ohio River, near Richmond, Ind. 
Coliscus pnrietalis Cope, Haj'den's Geol. Surv. Wyo., 1871, 437, St. 

Jcbeph, Mo.; young. 
Hyhorhynrhus nigrellus Cope, Wheeler's Surv., V, Zool., 1875, 671, 

Arkan.sas River. 
Spinicephalus fihulatus LeSueur, Bull. Soc. Philom., VIII, 1896, pi. 

26; no locality. * 

1093. Pimephales confertus (Girard). 

Tributaries of the Rio Grande. 

Hyhorhynchus confertus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 
1856, 179, Hurrah Creek, a tributary of the Pecos River, Tex. 



146 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1094. Pimephales anuli Kendall. 

Thoroughfare between Mud and Grass Lakes, Me. 

Pinephales anuli Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902, 257, 
between Mud Lake and Grass Lake, Me. 

Genus 359. COCHLOGNATHUS Baird and Girard. 

Cochlognathus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 
1854, 158 (C ornatus Baird and Girard). 

1095. Cochlognathus ornatus Baird and Girard. 

Rio Grande Basin. 

Cochlognathus ornatus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
VII' 1854, 158, Brownsville, Tex. 

1096. Cochlognathus biguttatus Cope. 

Trinity River, Tex. 

Cochlognathus biguttatus Cope, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1880, 37, 
Trinity River, Fort Worth, Tex. 

Genus 360. EXOGLOSSUM Raflnesque. 

Exoglossinn Raflnesque, Jour., Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 419 

{E. lesueiirianujn Rsifinesque = Cyprinus maxillingua LeSueur). 
Maxillingua Raflnesque, loc. cit., 421 (Cyprinus maxillingua LeSueur). 

1097. Exoglossum maxillingua (LeSueur). Cut-lips; Nigger chub; Nigger 

dick; Butter chub; Nigger fish. 
Lake Ontario, St. Lawrence River, Lake Champlain, Hudson River, 

and Cayuga Lake, and southward to Virginia; abundant in the 

basins of the Susquehanna, Hudson, Potomac, James, Roanoke, and 

Kanawha, but not widely distributed. 
Cyprinus maxillingua LeSueur. Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 85, 

Pipe Creek, Md. 
Exoglossum annulatum Raflnesque, loc. cit., 1818, 421, Hudson River. 
Exoglossum nigrescens Raflnesque, loc cit., 422, Hudson River. 
Exoglossum lesurianum Raflnesque, loc. cit., 420; after LeSueur. 

Genus 361. CAMPOSTOMA Agassiz. Stonerollers. 

Campostoma Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIX, 1855, 218 {Rutilus 
anomalus Raflnesque). 

1098. Campostoma anomalum (Raflnesque). Stoneroller; Greased chub; 

Blue sucker; Rotgut minnow; Mammy; Doughbelly; Steel-backed chub. 
Central New York to Tennessee, Wyoming, and Texas. 
Rutilus anomalus Raflnesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 52, Licking River, 

Ky. 
Exoglossum spinicephalum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVII, 1844, 363 (489), Wabash River. 
Leuciscus prolixus Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1845, 48, 

Alabama. 
Exoglossum dubium Kirtland, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., V, 1845, 272, 

Yellow Creek, Ohio. 
Chondrostoma pullum Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 357, 

Burlington, Iowa. 
Campostoma nasutum Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

176, Cadereita, and near Monterey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 
Campostoma callipteryx Cope, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 284, FHnt River, 

Mich. 
Campostoma mormyrus Cope, loc. cit. , 284, Bruce, Macomb County, Mich. 
Campostoma gobionium Cope, loc. cit., 284, Bruce, Macomb County, and 

Grosse Isle, Mich. 
Campostoma hippops Cope, loc. cit., 284, Platte River, Nebr. 
Campostoma brevis Haseman, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci., 1905 (1906), 161, 

Wabash River near Wabash, Ind. 

1099. Campostoma ornatum Girard. 

Chihuahua River, anrl tributaries of tho Rio Grande in Mexico. 
Campostoma ornatum Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Piiila., VIII, 1856, 
176, Chihuahua, Mexico. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 147 

1100. Campostoma pricei Jordan and Thoburn. 

Rio Yaqui, Sonera and neighboring streams, tributary to the Gulf of 

California. 
Campostoma pricei Jordan and Thoburn, in Jordan and Evermann, 

Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 203; Rucker Canyon, Chiricahua 

Mountains, Ariz., very near C. ornatum. 

1101. Campostoma formosuluin Girard. 

Texas; San Antonio River to the Rio Grande. 

Campostoma formosulum Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., VIII, 
1856, 176, Rio Sabinal, near San Antonio, Tex. 

Family 91. MEDID^ 

Genus 362. LEPIDOMEDA Cope. 

Lepidomeda Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XIV, 1874, 131 (L. 
vittata Cope). 

1102. Lepidomeda vittata Cope. 

Known only from the Colorado Chiquito River, Ariz., and from Pahran- 

agat Valley, Xev. 
Lepidomeda vittata Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XIV, 1874, 131, 

Rio Colorado Chiquito, Ariz. 

1103. Lepidomeda jarrovii Cope. 

Colorado Chiquito River, Ariz.; also in southern Nevada, in springs in 

the desert. 
Lepidomeda jarrovii Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XIV, 1874, 

132, Rio Colorado Chiquito, Ariz. 

Genus 363. MEDA Girard. 

Meda Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 191 {M.fulgida 
Girard). 

1104. Meda fulgida Girard. 

Rio Gila Basin, Ariz. 

Medafulgida Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 192, Rio 
San Pedro, Ariz. 

Genus 364. PIAGOPTERUS Cope. 

Plagoptcrus Cope, Prdc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 130 {P. argentis- 
simus Cope). 

1105. Plagopterus argentissimus Cope. 

Colorado Basin in western Colorado; Fort Yuma. 

Flagopterus argentissimus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 130, 
San Luis Valley, Colo. 

Order Y. NEMATOGNATHI.^s 

Family 92. ARIID.S. Sea catfishes 

Genus 365. BAGRE Oken. Gafftopsail catfishes. 

Les Bagres Cuvier, R6gne Anim., II, 1817 (Silurus bagre L.). 

Bagre Oken, Isis, 1817, 1183 (after les Bagres of Cuvier; type by tauton- 

omy Siliirus bagre Linnseus). 
Breviceps Swainson, Nat. Hist. Anim., I, 1838, 328 {Breviceps fdamen- 

tosus Swainson); name preoccupied. 
Felichthys Swainson, loc cit., II, 1839, 305 {Breviceps filamentosus 

Swainson); substitute for Breviceps. 
Aihirichlhys Baird and Girard, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., \'II, 1854, 

26 (Silurus marinus Mitchill). 
/Elurichthys, corrected spoiling. 

" Until recently all memfiers of this order have been usually included in the single family Siluridx. 
As pro[)erly restricted the Siluridr is a small ^roup of large river fishes of Kurope and Asia, resembling 
our larger catfishes, but witbuut adipose fin, the anal joined to the caudal. 



148 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1106 Bagre marina (Mitchill). Sea catfish; Gafftopsail. 

Cape Cod to Texas. 

Silurus marinus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 433, 
New York. 

In the investigation of Linntean types at Upsala Dr. Einar Lonnberg 
has found an e.xample of this species labeled Silurus felis. On the 
strength of this discovery this species has been called Felichthys felis. 
But Linnseus's own description shows clearly that this was not his 
type, which must have been our common sea cat here called Galeichthys 
felis. 

1107. Bagre isthmensis (Regan). 

Atlantic coast of Panama; Colon, 

^lurichthi/s isth)7iensis Regan, Biol. Central!- Amer., 1907, 117, Tab. 
XV, fig. 1, and Tab. XIX, fig. 1, Atlantic coast of Panama, Colon. 

1108. Bagre panamensis (Gill). 

Mazatlan to Panama. 

/Elurichthys panamensis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 
172, Panama. 

1109. Bagre pinnimaculatus (Steindachner). 

Mazatlan to Panama. 

Ailurichthys pinnimaculatus Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1875, 15, 
Panama, Altata, Costa Rica. 

1110. Bagre eydouxii (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Guayaquil. 

Galeichthys eydouxii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XV, 
1840, 43, Guayaquil. 

1111. Bagre scutatus (Regan). 

Coast of Panama and Ecuador. 

.Elurichthys scutatus Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., 1907, 116, Tab. 
XV, fig. 2, and Tab. XIX, fig. 2, Pacific coast of Panama. 

1112. Bagre bahiensis (Castelnau). 

Mexico to Bahia. 

Galeichthys bahiensis Castelnau, Anim. Amdr. Sud, 1855, 37, Bahia. 
/Elurichthys longispinis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 178; Mexico; South 
America. 

Genus 366. SCIADEICHTHYS Bleaker. 

Sciadeichthys Bleeker, Act. Soc. Sci. Indo-Neerl., V, 1858, 99 (Sciades 
pictus Miiller and Troschel); not Sciadeichthys Bleeker, 1S6.3. 

1113. Sciadeichthys troscheli (Gill). 

Gulf of California to Panama. 

Sciades troscheli Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 171, 

Panama. 
Arius hrandti Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1876, 21, Altata, Panama. 

1114. Sciadeichthys emphysetus (Miiller and Troschel). 

Surinam. 

Hagrus (Sciades) emphysetus Miiller and Troschel, Hora- Ichth., Ill, 
1849, 8, Surinam. 

1115. Sciadeichthys proops (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

West Indies from Porto Rico to Surinam and south to Pernambuco. 
Hagrus proops Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIV, 1839, 
457, Guiana; Porto Rico. 

Genus 367. SELENASPIS Bleeker. 

Selenaspis Bleeker, Vissch. Ind, Archipel., I, 1858, 62 {Silurus hertzhergi 

Bloch). 
Leptarius Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 170 (L. doivi 

Gill). 

1116. Selenaspis dowii (Gill). 

Panama to Guavaquil. 

Leptarius dowi Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 170, Panama. 

Arius alutus Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1876, 19, Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 149 

Genus 368. NETUMA Bleeker. 

Xetuma Bleeker, Vissch. Ind. Archipel., I, 1858, 62 (N. ihalassina, 

Bleeker = A", nasuta Bleeker). 
Guiritinga Bleeker, loc. cit., 62 {Arius commersonii Bleeker). 
Notarius Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 171 {Arius 

grandicassis Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1117. Netuma planiceps (Steindachner) . 

Gulf of California to Panama; not rare. 

Arius planiceps Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1876, 26, Altata, 
Panama. 

1118. Netuma kessleri (Steindachner). 

Gulf of California to Panama, not rare. 

Arius kessleri Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1876, 24, Altata, Panama. 

1119. Netuma insculpta (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Arius insculptus Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882 
(1KS3), 41, Panama. 

1120. Netuma platypogon (Giinther). 

Gulf of California to Peru; generally common. 

Arius platypogon Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 147, San Jose de Guatemala. 

1121. Netuma oscula (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama; a single e.\am{)le known. 

Arius osculus Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882 
(1883), 46, Panama. 

1122. Netuma elattura (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama; scarce. 

Arius rlalturus Jordan and Gilbert, liull. I". S Fish Com., II, 1882 
(1S.S3), 4.5, Panama. 

Genus 369. GALEICHTHYS Cuvier and Valenciennes. Sea catfish. 

Caleichthys Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. \at. Poiss., XV, 1840, 28 

{(i. feliceps Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Hexanematichthys Bleeker, Act. See. Sci. Indo-Neerl., V., 1858, 2 (Bagrus 

sundiucus Bleeker). 
Cephalocassis Bleeker, Vissch. Ind. Archipel., I, 1858, 62 {Arius 

Iruncatus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Ariopsis Gill, Suppl. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1801, 56 

{Arius milherti = Silurus helis L.). 
Hcmiarius Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdsclir. Dicrk., I, 1863, 7 {Cephalocassis 

stormi Bleeker). 

Subgenus GALEICHTHYS -» Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

1123. Qaleichthys lentiginosus (Eigeninami and FigcntDann). 

Panama. 

Tachisurus lentiginosus Eigenmann and Eigenmaun, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., 2d ser., I. 1888, 139, Panama. 

1124. Galeichthys peruvianus Liitken. 

Pacific coast of Mexico to Peru. 

Galeichlhys peruvianus Liitken, Vifl. Med. Naturh. Foren. Kj0benhavn, 
1S74, 204, Caliao, Peru. 

Subgenus HEXANEMATICHTHYS ^ Bleeker. 

1125. Galeichthys felis (Linnffius). Sea cat. 

Cape Cod to Texas. 

Silurus filis Linnjeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, .503, Charleston, S. C. 

AriuH milherti Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hi.st. Nat. Poiss., XV, 1840, 

74, New York; Charleston, S. C. 
lArius equcstris Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

ISoo, 26, Indiaiiola, Tex. 

1126. Qaleichthys guentheri Regan, 

Gulf of ^Iexico. 

(lalirhlhys guentheri Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., 1907, 124, Tab. XVI, 
fig. 1, and Tab. XIX, fig. 3, Gulf of Mexico. 

•• Top of head covered with soft skin, hiding the rugose plates. 

* Top of head with thin skin which does not hide the rugose plates. 



15U U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1127. Oaleichthys surinamensis (Bleeker). 

Surinam. 

H exanematichthys surinamensis Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, 1862, 
380, Surinam. 

1128. Oaleichthys seemani (Giinther). 

Panama. 

Arius seemani Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 147, "Central America." 

1129. Oaleichthys gilberti Jordan and Williams. 

Coast of Sinaloa. 

Galcichthys gilberti Jordan and Williams, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d 
ser., V, 1895, 395, pi. 26, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1130. Oaleichthys jordani (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

Panama. 

Tachisurus jordani Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
2d sen, I, 1888, 142, Panama. 

1131. Oaleichthys caerulescens (Giinther). 

West coast of Guatemala. 

Arius casrulescens Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 149, Rio Huamuchal, Guate- 
mala. 

1132. Oaleichthys azureus Jordan and Williams. 

Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Oaleichthys azureus Jordan and Williams, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d 
ser., IV, 1895, 398, pi. 27, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1133. Oaleichthys xenauchen Gilbert. 

Panama. 

Galeichthys xenauchen Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Araer., 1898, 2777, Panama. 

1134. Oaleichthys guatemalensis (Giinther). 

Mazatlan to Central America. 

Arius guatemalensis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 145, Guatemala; Chiapas. 

1135. Oaleichthys assimilis (Giinther). 

Atlantic coast of Central America, ascending streams. 

Arius assimilis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 146, Lake Yzabel, Guatemala. 

1136. Oaleichthys dasycephalus (Giinther). 

Panama (wrongly ascribed to the Hawaiian Islands). 
Arius dasycephalus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 157, Oahu; apparently an 
error. 

1137. Oaleichthys longicephalus (Eigenmann and Eigenmann), 

Panama. 

Tachisurus longicephalus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., 2d ser., I, 1888, 143, Panama. 

Genus 370. ARIUS Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

^Tachysurus Lac^pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 151 (7". chinensis 

Lac6pede; from a Chinese drawing, not identifiable as to species; 

may be a fresh-water fish or a Netuma). 
Arius Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XV, 1840, 52 (^4. 

arius Cuvier and Valenciennes, type by autonomy). 
Ariodes Muller and Troschel, Hone Ichth., Ill, 1849, 9 (Arius arenarius 

Miiller and Troschel). 
Pseudarius Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dicrk., I, 1862, 91 {Arius arius 

Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1138. Arius spixii (Agassiz). 

Trinidad to Brazil. 

Fimelodus albidus Spix, in Agassiz, Gen. Spec. Pise. Brasil., 1829, 19, 

equatorial Brazil; name preoccupied. 
Pimelodus spixii Agassiz, loc. cit., 19; after Spix. 
Arius arenatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XV, 1840, 

106, Cayenne. 
Arius laticeps Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 171, British Guiana, Trinidad. 

1139. Arius melanopus Giinther. 

Pacific coast of Central America. 

Arius melanopus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 172, Rio Motagua. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 151 

1140. Arius furthi Steindachner. 

Panama. 

Arius Jiirthii Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1876, 29, Panama. 

1141. Arius steindachneri (Gilbert and Starks). 

Pacific coast of Panama. 

Tachysurus steindachneri Gilbert and Stcrks, Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
IV, 1904, 29, PI. V, fig. 9, Panama Bay. 

1142. Arius evermanni (Gilbert and Starks). 

Panama. 

Tachysurus evermanni Gilbert and Starks, Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 
1904, 32, PI. V, fig. 10, Panama. 

1143. Arius liropus (Bristol). 

Coast of Sonora, Mexico. 

Tachysurus liropus Susan Brown Bristol, in Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., XIX, 1896 (Feb. 5, 1897), 438, San Juan Lagoon, near mouth 

of Rio Ahome, Sonora, Mexico. 

1144. Arius emmelane (Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Tachysurus emmelane Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2785, Panama. 

1145. Arius taylori Hildebrand. Bagre. 

Coast of El Salvador. 

Arius taylori Hildebrand, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLI, 1925, 250, fig. 
10, Rio Lempa, San Marcos. 

1146. Arius multiradiatus Giinther. 

Streams of Isthmus of Panama, Rio Bayano, Panama. 

Anus multiradidliis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 173, Rio Bayano, Panama. 

Genus 371. CATHOROPS Jordan and Gilbert. 

Caihorops Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882, 54 
{Arius hypopthalmus Steindachner). 

1147. Cathorops hypophthalma (Steindachner). 

Panama; rather scarce. 

Arius hypopthalmus Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1875, 31, PI. X, 
Panama. 

1148. Cathorops gulosa (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

Panama. • 

Tachisurus gulosus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., 2d. sen, I, 1888, 146, Panama. 

Family 93. AMEIURID.ffi. Horned pouts; Channel cats 

Genus 372. ISTLARIUS Jordan and Snyder. 

Isllarius Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1899, 118 
(/. balsanus Jordan and Snyder). 

1 149. Istlarius balsanus Jordan and Snyder. 

Bai.sas River Basin, Pacific slope of Mexico. 

Istlarius balsanus Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1899, 
118; tributary of Rio de las Balsas at Puente de Ixtla, Guerrero, 
Mexico (Pacific drainage). 

Genus 373. ICTALURUS Rafinesque. Channel cats. 

Iclalurus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 61 (Silurus punctatus 

Rafinesque). 
Elliops Rafinesque, loc. cit., 62 {Pimelodus maculatus Rafinesque). 
Synechoglanis Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 39 {IS. beadlei 

Gill = I ctalur us Jfurcatus Rafinesque). 
IchihyaeluTus, corrected spelling. 



152 XJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1150. Ictalurus furcatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Blue cat; Great fork- 

tailed cat; Mississippi cat; Poisson bleu. 
Pimelodus furcatus LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 

Poiss., IX, 1840, 136, New Orleans. 
Pimelodus affi7iis Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 26, Rio Grande. 
Ameiurus ponderosus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 286, St. 

Louis. 
Ictalurus robustus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 76, Cairo, 111. 

1151. Ictalurus anguilla Evermann and Kendall. Eel cat; Willow cat; 

Fulton cat. 

Mississippi River, occasionally as far north as Louisville, Ky., Mus- 
catine and Fairport, Iowa, where it is known as the "Fulton cat." 

Ictalurtts anguilla Evermann and Kendall, Bull. II. S. Fish Com., 
XVII, 1897 (Feb. 9, 1898), 125, pi. 6, fig. 1, Atchafalaya River, La. 

1152. Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque). Channel cat; White cat; Fiddler. 

Rivers of the Great Lakes region, the Mississippi Vallej', and streams 

tributary to the Gulf of Mexico. 
Silurus punctatus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 359, Ohio 

River. 
Pimelodus caudafurcatus LeSueur, Mem. Mus., V, 1819, 152, Wabash 

River; Mississippi River. 
Pimelodus maculatus, pallidus, argentinus, argyrus, with varieties 

erythroptera, marginatus, lateralis, leucoptera Rafinesque, Quarterly 

Jour. Sci., London, 1820, and Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 62, etc., Ohio 

River. 
Pimelodus furcifer Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XV, 

1840, 139, Surinam, by error. 
Pimelodus gracilis Hough, Ann. Rept. Regent's, Albany, 1852, 26, 

Somerville, N. Y. 
Pimelodus vulpes Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858, 170, 

rivers of Texas. 
Synechoglanis beadlei Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VII, 1859, 40, 

St. Catherines, Ont. 
Pimelodus houglii Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 159, 

Somerville; Ogdensburg; Foxburg, Pa. 
Pimelodus megalops Girarcl, loc. cit., 161, Black Warrior River, Bigsby 

River, Ala. 
Pimelodus graciosus Girard, loc. cit., 161, Prairie Mer Rouge, La. 
Pimelodus hammondi and notaius Abbott, loc. cit., XII, 1860, 568, 569, 

Fort Riley, Kans. 
Ictalurus simpsoni Gill, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., VIII, 1862, 43, 

Platte River. 

1153. Ictalurus meridionalis (Gunther). 

Rio Usumacinta, Guatemala. 

Amiurus meridionalis Gunther, Cat., V, 1864, 102, and in Trans. Zool. 
Soc. Lond., 1868, 473, Rio Usumacinta, Guatemala. 

Genus 374. HAUSTOR Jordan and Evermann. 

Ilautilor Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 

137 {(j'adus lacustris \\'a,\hiiuin = Pimelodus nigricans LeSueur). 
Villarius Rutter, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., VI, Ser. 2, June 23, 1896, 258 

{V. pricei Rutter). 

1154. Haustor lacustris (Walbaum). 

Saskatchewan River and the Great Lakes. 

Gadus lacustris Walbaum, Artedi Pi.sc, 1792, 144, Arctic America; 

ba.sed on the mathemcg or land cod of Pennant. 
Pimelodus nigricans LeSueur, Mem. Mus., V, 1819, 153, Lake Erie, 

Lake Ontario. 
Pimelodus borealis Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 135, Pine 

Lsland Lake. 

1155. Haustor okeechobeensis (Heilprin). 

Florida. 

Ictalurus okeechobeensis Heilprin, Trans. Wagner Inst. Sci. Phila., I, 

1887, pi. 18, Kissimee River, Fla. 
Ameiurus lacustris okeechobeensis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

LI, 1899, 480; same type. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 153 

1156. &austor catus (Linnseus). White cat; Channel cat of the Potomac. 

Silurus catus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 305; based on the catfish 
of Catesby {Bagre secundse speciei marcgravei affinis), which is a rude 
figure of the adult or "lophius" form of this species; northern part 
of America. 

Pimelodus albidus LeSueur, Mem. Mus., V, 1819, 148, Delaware River. 

Pimelodus lynx Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 160, 
Potomac River. 

Amiurus niveiventris Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. See., XI, 1870, 486, Neuse 
River. 

Ictalurus niacaskeyi and /. kevi7isku StauflFer, Hist. Lancaster County, 
Pa., 1869, 578, Lancaster County, Pa. 

1157. Haustor lophius (Cope). Big-mouthed cat. 

Potomac River. 

Amiurus lophius Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 486, Potomac 

River; not observed elsewliere. Known by its very wide flat head; 

apparently not the adult of Ameiurus catus, as has been suppo.sed. 

1158. Haustor lupus (Girard). 

Rio Neuees and Rio Pecos, Tex. 

Pimtlodus lupus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, Pt. 4, Fislies, 211, 
Rio Pecos, Te.\. 

1159. Haustor pricei (Rutter). 

Southern .Arizona. 

Villarius pricei Rutter, Proc, Calif. .\cad. Sci., 2d sor., VI, 1896, 257, 

San Bernardino Creek, a tributary of the Vacpii River, soutliern 

Arizona. 

1160. Haustor dugesi (Hean). 

Rio Turl}iu, Guanajuato, Mexico, west of the Sierra Madre. 
Ameiurus dugesi liean, Proc. V. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 304, Rio Turbio, 
Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Genus 376. AMEIURUS Rafinesque. Horned pout. 

Ameiurus Rafiiiescjue, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 65 (Silurus cupreus Rafi- 
nesque =fi/«c/o(/«s nutalis LeSueur). 
Amiurus, corrected spelling. 

1161. Ameiurus erebennus .Jordan. 

Coast swamps and black water streams from New .Jersey to Florida. 
Ameiurus erebennus Jordan, Bull. I'. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 85, St. 
John's River, Fla. 

1162. Ameiurus natalis (LeSueur). Yellow cat. 

Great Lakes region to Virginia and southward. 

Pimelodus natalis LeSueur, Mem. Mus., 1819, 154, North .\merica. 

miurus lividus and var. J'uscus Rafinesque, Quarterlv Jour. Sci. Loud., 

1820, 48, Ohio River. 
Silurus cupreus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 1820, 51, Ohio River. 
Pimelodus cupreus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 65, Ohio River. 
Pimelodus ccenosns Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 132, 

Lake Huron. 
Pimelodus Jclinus et antoniensis Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 209, 

Canadian and San Antonio Rivers, Tex. 
Pimelodus cupresoides Girard, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

159, Aux Plaines, 111. 
Ameiurus nala'is analis Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 81, 

Arkansas River. 
Ameiurui holli Cope, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XX, 1880, 35, Little Wichita 

River, Te.x. 

1163. Ameiurus vulgaris (Thompson). 

Vermont to .Minnesota and Illinois, chiefly northward. A doubtful 

species. • 

Pimelodus vulgaris Thompson, Hist. Vermont, 1842, 138, Lake (Jham- 

plain. 
P\imelodus] dekayi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 160, 

Oswego, N. Y. 
Pimelodus ailurus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 210, Lake Amelia. 

MiuD. 



154 U. S BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1164. Anieiurus nebulosus (LcSuour). Horiied pout; Common bullhead; Small 

catfish; Schiu/lkill cat; Sacramento cat. 

Great Lakes, Ohio Valley, eastward to Maine, southwestward to Texas 
and southwestward to Florida; introduced about 1877 into the Hum- 
boldt, Sacramento, San Joaquin, and Gila Rivers, where it is now 
excessively abundant. 

Pimelodus nebulosus LeSueur, Mem. Mus., V, 1819, 149, Lake Ontario. 

Pimelodus atrarius DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 185, Wappingers 
Creek, Dutchess County, N. Y. 

Pimelodus felis Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 281, Lake Superior. 

Pimelodus vulpeculus Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

160, Charleston, S. C. 

Pimelodus hoyi Girard, loc. cit., 159, Racine, Wis. 

Arneiurus mispilliefisis Cope, Proc, Amer. Phil. Soc, 1870, 486, Mis- 
pillion Creek, Del. 

1165. Ameiurus nebulosus catulus (Girard). 

Streams of Texas; abundant. 

Pimelodus catulus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, Pt. 4, Fishes, 208, 
Fort Smith, Ark. 

1166. Ameiurus prosthistius Cope. 

New Jersey. 

Auiiurus prosthistius Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXV, 1883, 
133, Batsto River, N. J. 

1167. Ameiurus platycephalus (Girard). Mud cat; Broivn cat. 

Streams of the Carolinas and eastern Georgia, Cape Fear to the Chat- 
tahoochee. 
Pimelodus platycephalus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

161, Anderson, S. C. 

Amiurus brunneus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1877, 366, 
Ocmulgee River, Flat Shoals, Ga.; the young of platycephalus. 

1168. Ameiurus brachyacanthus Cope. 

Streams of Texas. 

Amiurus brachyacanthus Cope, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1880, 35, 
Wallace Creek, Bandera County, Tex. 

1169. Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque). Black bullhead; Small catfish. 

Northern New York (Genesee River) to Kansas and Texas; common 

especially west of the Mississippi. 
Silurus melas Rafinesque, Quarterly Jour. Sci. Lond., 1820, 51, Ohio 

River. 
Silurus xanthocephalus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 1820, 51, Ohio River. 
Pimelodus pullus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 184, Lake 

Pleasant, Janet, N. Y. 
Pimelodus confinis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 159, 

Racine, Wis. 
Amiurus obesus Gill, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1862, 45, Nebraska. 
Amiurus cragini Gilbert, Bull., Washburn Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1884, 

10, Garden City, Kans. 

1170. Ameiurus marmoratus (Holbrook). 

Lowland streams and swamps from southwestern Indiana (Switz City) 

southward and eastward to Florida. 
Pimelodus marmoratus Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 

1855, 54, South Carolina. 

Genus 376. GRONIAS Cope. Blind catfishes. 

Gronias Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 231 {G. nigri- 
labris Cope. 

1171. Qronias nigrilabris Cope. 

Cave streams tributarj' to Conestoga River in eastern Pennsylvania 
Gronias nigrilabris Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 231, 
CoJiestoga River, Pa. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 155 

« 

Genus 377. OPLADELUS Rafinesque. 

?Pilodictis Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., 1819, 422 (P. limosa Rafinesque, 

after Audubon; drawing of an imaginary catfish). 
Leptops Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 64 {Pimelodus viscosus 

Rafinesque = 5z7urws olivaris Rafinesque). 
Opladelus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 64 {Pimelodus nebulosus Rafinesque = 

Silnrus olivaris Rafinesque) ; name chosen by first reviser. 
Ilidis Rafinesque, loc. cit., 66 {Pimelodus nebulosus Rafinesque = <SiZurit« 

olivaris Rafinesque). 
H opladelus and Pelodichthys, corrected spelling. 

1172. Opladelus olivaris (Rafinesque). Mud cat; Yellow cat; Bashaw; 

Russian cat; '' Hoosier" at New Boston, III.; Goujon. 
Silurus olivaris Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 355, Ohio River. 
Silurus nebulosus, viscosus and limosus Rafinesque, Quarterly Jour. Sci. 

Load., 1820, 50, Ohio River. 
Pylodictis limosus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 67, Ohio and 

Mississippi Rivers; based on a drawing by Audubon. 
Pimelodus punctulatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XV, 1840, 134, New Harmony, Ind. 
Pimelodus seneus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 135, New Orleans. 

Genus 378. NOTURUS Rafinesque. Stone cats. 

Noturus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., November, 1818, 41 (A'^. 
flavus Rafinesque). 

1173. Noturus flavus Rafinesque. Stone cat. 

Great Lakes region, westward to Montana and Wyoming and south to 

Texas. 
Noturus flavus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 41, falls of Ohio 

River. 
Noturus luteus Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., 1819, 421, Ohio River. 
Noturus occidentalis Gill, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., VIII, 1862, 45, 

Platte River. 
Noturus platycephalus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 104, North America. 

Genus 379. SCHILBEODES Bleeker. Tadpole cats. 

Schilbeodes Bleeker, Ichth. Archip. Indici. Prodr. Siluri, 1858, 258 
{Silurus gyrinus Mitchill). 

1174. Schilbeodes gyrinus (Mitchill). 

Hudson River and westward through almost the entire Mississippi 

Valley, and Great Lakes region. 
Silurus gyrinus Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 322, Walkill 

River, N. Y. 
Noturus sialis Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 102, White 

River, Ind. 

Genus 380. TROGLOGLANIS Eigenmann. 

Tmgloglanis I>igeiunaini, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, LVIII, 1919, 397 

(7'. jialtersoni Eigoiiniannj. 

1175. Trogloglanis pattersoni Eigenmann. 

Artesian well in San Antonio, Tex. 

Trogloglanis pattersoni Eigenmann, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, LVIII, 
1919, .397, figs. 1 and 2. 

Genus 381. RABIDA Jordan and Evermann. Mad toms. 

Rabida Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
146 {Noturus furiosus Jordan and Meek). 

Pimclodon (LeSueur) Vaillant, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1896, 28 {Pimelo- 
don insignarius LeSueur, unpublished plate of 1819; probably Pimelo- 
dus insigne Richardson, the lemniscatus = Pimelode insigne of LeSueur). 

Subgenus PIMELODON. 

1176. Rabida leptacantha (Jordan). 

Gulf States, in sandy streams; basins of Ogeechee, Alabama, and Pearl 

Rivers. 
Noturus leptacanthus Jordan, Ann. Lye Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 

352, Silver Creek, branch of Etowah River, Rome, Ga. 



lofi U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1177. Rabida nocturna (Jordan and Ciill)ort). 

Sandy streams, among weeds, in lower Mississippi Valley; known from 
the lower Wabash in Indiana and from the Potcau, Washita, and 
Saline Rivers, Ark. 

Notnrus nodurnufi Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 
6, Saline River at Benton, Ark. 

1178. Rabida funebris (Jordan and Swain). 

Tributary of Black Warrior River, Tuscaloosa, .\la. 
Noturus funchris Jordan and Swain, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889, 
15.3, North River, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

1179. Rabida exilis (Nelson). 

Wisconsin to Mis.souri and Kansas; common in prairie streams. 
Noturus exilis Nelson, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., 1876, 51, Illinois River. 
Noturus elassochir Swain and Kalb, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 639, 
Naperville, 111. 

1180. Rabida insignia (Richardson). Mad torn. 

Pennsylvania to Soutli Carolina; very common in streams east of the 

Allcghenics. 
Pimelodus insignis Richard.son, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 18.36, 32, based 

on Pimelode livree LeSueur, Mem. Mus., V, 1819, 155, locality not 

known. 
Noturus marginalus Baird, in Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1869, 237, Pa. 
Pimelodon insignarius LeSueur, in Vaillant, Bull. Soc. Philom., 1896, 28. 

1181. Rabida gilberti (Jordan and Evermann). 

Roanoke River in southern Virginia, locally abundant. 
Noturus qilbcrti Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 352, Roanoke River, Roanoke, Va. 

1182. Rabida miura (Jordan). 

Mississi])))! Valley and tribtitaries of Lake Michigan, south to Louisiana; 

common in the Ohio Valley. 
Noturus yniurus Jordan, Anii. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1877, 371, 

White River, Ind. 

1183. Rabida eleuthera (Jordan). 

Mississippi Valley, rare, but widely dislributed; tributaries of French 
Broad River (Big Pigeon River, Clifton, Tenn., French Broad at 
Hot Springs, N. C); White River, Gosport, Ind.; Green River, 
Greensburg, Ky.; Schriner Lake, (-olumbia City, Ind.; White River, 
Fayettesville, Ark.; Sallisaw River, Indian Territory [Okla.]. Only 
a few specimens known. 

Noturus deulherus Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1877, 371, 
Big Pigeon River, Clifton, Tenn. 

1184. Rabida furiosa (Jordan and Meek). 

Eastern North C'arolina; known from the Neuse, Tar, and Little Rivers. 
Noturus furiosus Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 
351, Neuse River, N. C. 

Family 94. PIMELODID^E. South American catfishes; Bagres de Rio 

Genus 382. CONORHYNCHOS Bleeker. 

Connrhiinchos Bleeker, Vi.ssch. Ind. Archipel. Siluri, 1858, 191 {Pimelodus 

conirostris Cuvicr and Valenciennes); not Conorhynchus Nozeman, a 

pre-Linntean name (1757) revived by Gill (1861). 
€ onnrhynr.hichlhys Regan, Conorhynchos being regarded as preoccupied. 

1185. Conorhynchos nelsoni Evermann and Gold.sborough. 

Rio IJsumacinta, Yucatan. 

Conorhynchus nelsoni Evermann and Goldsborough, Bull. U. S. Fish 

Com., XXI, 1901 (1902), 140, fig. 1, Rio Usumacinta at Monte 

Cristo, Vuoat.Tn. 

Genus 383. RHAMDIA Bleeker. Bagres dc Rio. 

Pleronotus Swain.son, Nat. Hist. I'^ishes, Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 309 

{Ueterobranchus sextentaculatus Agassiz, preoccupied in mollusks). 
Rhamdia Bleeker, Vissch. Ind. Archipel.: Siluri, 1858, 197 {Pimelodus 

qudon Quoy and Gaimard). 
Rhamdella Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d 

eer., I, 1888, 172 {R. eriarcha Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 157 

1186. Rhamdia wagneri (Giinther). Barhudo. 

Rivers of Central America, on both sides of the mountains; very 

abundant. 
Ptmelodus wagneri Giinther, Fish. Cent. Amer., 1869, 474, Atlantic and 

Pacific rivers of Panama. 
Rhamdia bransjordi Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXVIII, 1876, 

.337, Panama. 

1187. Rhamdia oazacse Meek. Bagre. 

Streams of Mexico on the Atlantic side south of Vera Cruz. 
Rhamdia oaxacce Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 74 (figured in plate 
V, loc. cit., V, 1905) Rio Quiotepec, Cuicatlan, Mexico. 

1188. Rhamdia baronis-raiilleri (Troschel). 

"Pacific Ocean" in Mexico. 

Pimelodus baronis-mulleri Tro.schel, in Miiller's Beitr. Gesch. Statis. 
und Zool. Mexico, III, 1865, 636, no definite locality. 

1189. Rhamdia tnotaguensis (Giinther). 

Rio Motagua, Guatemala. 

Pimelodus motaguensis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 127, Rio Motagua, 
Guatemala. 

1190. Rhamdia guatemalensis (Giinther). 

lluamuchal, Guatemala. 

Pimelodus guatemalensis Gunther, Cat., V, 1864, 122, Rio Huamuchal, 

Guatemala. 
Pimelodus brachjjpterus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1866, 404, 

Orizaba, Mexico. 

1191. Rhamdia sal vini (Giinther). 

Rio San Geronimo, Guatemala. 

Pimelodus salvini Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 130, Rio San Geronimo, 
Guatemala. 

1192. Rhamdia hypselura (Giinther). 

Mexico. 

Pimelodus hypselurus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 126, Mexico. 

1193. Rhamdia brachycephala (Regan). 

Mexico. 

PirneloduH brachycephaliis Regan, Ann. .Mag. Nat. Hist., XIX, 1007, 258, 
Guatemala, Rio Nacasil. 

1194. Rhamdia laticauda (Meckel). 

Mexico. 

Pimelodus lalicaudus Heckel, in Kner, Sitzung.sb Kais. Akad. Wiss 
Wien, XXVI, 1857, 420, Mexico. 

1195. Rhamdia godmani (Giinther). 

Valley of Rio I'sumacinta, Guatemala. 

Pimelodus godmani Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 124, Rio I'sumacinta, 
Guatemala. 

1196. Rhamdia nicaraguensis (Giinther). 

Lake Nicaragua. 

I'imeloilus nicaraguensis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 125, Lake Nicaragua, 
Nicaragua. 

1197. Rhamdia microptera (Giinther). 

Rio San Cjororiiino, Guatemala. 

Pimelodus micropterus Gunther, Cat., V, 1864, 124, liio San Geronimo, 
(iuatemala. 

1198. Rhamdia managuensis (Giinther). 

Lake .Managua, .N'icaragua. 

Pimi'lodu.i managuensis Gunther, Fish. Cent. Amer., 1S69, 474, Lake 
.Managua, Nicaragua. 

1199. Rhamdia cabrerae Meek. 

Lake .\matitlan, Guatemala. 

Rhamdia cabrerx Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hi.st., Zool., V'll, 1906. 93, 
Lake Amatitlan, Nicaragua. 

6424°— 29 11 



158 IT. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1200. Rhamdia barbata Meek. Chuchin. 

Lakes of Nicaragua. 

Rhamdia barbata Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., VII, 1907, 106, 
San Francisco, Nicaragua. 

1201. Rhamdia sacrificii Barbour and Cole. 

Chichen-Itza, Yucatan. 

Rhamdia sacrificii Barbour and Cole. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., L, 1906, 
No. 5, 156, Sacrificial Cenote, near Chichen-Itza, Yucatan. 

1202. Rhamdia depressa Barbour and Cole. 

Near Chichen-Itza, Yucatan. 

Rhamdia depressa Barbour and Cole, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., L, 1906, 
No. 5, 155, pi. 1, Ikil Cenote, near Chichen-Itza, Yucatan. 

1203. Rhamdia heteracantha Regan. 

Costa Rica. 

Rhamdia heteracantha Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., Pisces, 1907, 134, 
Juan Villas, Costa Rica. 

1204. Rhamdia polycaula (Giinther). 

Rio San Geronimo. 

Pimelodus polycaulus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 131, Rio San Geronimo. 

1205. Rhamdia petenensis (Giinther). 

Lake Peten, Yucatan. 

Pimelodus petenensis Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 126, Lake Peten, Yucatan. 

1206. Rhamdia parryi Eigenmann. 

Rio Zanalenco, Chiapas. 

Rhayndia parryi Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d ser., I, 1888, 
130, Rio Zanalenco, Chiapas. 

1207. Rhamdia underwoodi Regan. 

Costa Rica. 

Rhamdia underwoodi Regan, Biol. Centrali-Amer., Pisces, 1907, 135, 
pi. 23, fig. 4, Juan Vinas, Costa Rica. 

1208. Rhamdia rogersi (Regan). 

Pimelodus rogersi Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XIX, 1907, 259, 

Irazu, Costa Rica. 
Rhamdia regani Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., VII, 1907, 144, 

Rio Tiribi, San Jose. 

Genus 384. CiECORHAMDIA Norman. 

Csecorhamdia J. R. Norman, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9, XVIII, 1926, 

324 (C. urichi Norman). 

1209. Csecorhamdia urichi Norman. 

Guacharo Cave, Trinidad. 

Cascorhamdia urichi J. R. Norman, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9, 
XVIII, 1926, 324, Guacharo Cave, Trinidad. 

Genus 385. PIMELODELLA Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Pimclodella Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d. 
ser., I, 1888, 131 {Pimelodus cristatus M tiller and Troschel). 

1210. Pimelodella chagresi (Steindachncr). 

Rio Chagres. 

Pimelodus chagresi Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1876, 34, Rio 
Chagres at Obispo, Canal Zone. 

Genus 386. PIMELODUS Lacepede 

Pimelodus Laccp6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 94 (P. maculatus 
Lar6p6de, as restricted by authors = Silur us clarias Bloch). 

Pseudariodes Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., 1863, 99 {Silurus clarias 
Bloch). 

Pseudorhamdia Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, XIV, 1862, 384 
^Pimelodus ascila Bleeker). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 159 

1211. Pimelodus clarias (Bloch). 

Rio Mamoni (Panama) and southeastward to Rio de la Plata. 

Silurus clarias Linnipus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 306, in part, not the 

type. 
Pirnelodus 7naculaius Laccpede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 94, 107, 

Rio de la Plata. 
Piramutana blochii Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, III, Cayenne; Surinam. 
Pimelodus rigidus Spix, in Agassiz, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 19, Brazil. 
Pimelodus macronema Bleeker, Silures de Suriname, 1864, 79, pi. 14, 

Surinam. 
Pseudaroides vantherinus Liitken, Meddel, Nat. Hist. Forem., 1874, 

Nos. 1, 2, p. 194, Venezuela. 
Pseudorhamdia piscatrix Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soe. Phila., XI, 1870, 

569, Pebas. 
Piramutana macrospila Giinther, Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., 

VI, July, 1880, 10, PI. II, Pirana, Rio de la Plata. 
Megalonema punctatum Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

ZooL, X, 1913, 77, Rio Tuyra, Marrigante, Panama. 
Megalonema robusium Meek and Hildebrand, loc. cit., 78, Rio Tuyra, 

Marrigante, Panama. 

Genus 387. TRACHCOEYSTES Bleeker. 

Trachcorystes Bleeker, Vissch. Ind. Archipel. Siluri, 1858, 20 {T. tijpus 

Bleeker) . 
Parauchenipierus Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., I, 1863, 7 {Silurus 
galeatus L.). 

1212. Trachcorystes amblops (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Rio Tuyra Basin, Panama. 

Fdichllnjs amblops .Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1913, 77, Rio Tuyra, Marrigante, Panama. 

Genus 388. AGENEIOSUS Lacepede. 

Ageneiosus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poi.ss., V, 1803, 132 (.4. urmatus 
ha.c6p^dc = Silurus mililaris Linnieus). 

Pseudageneiosus Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., I, 1863, 14 {Age- 
neiosus brevifdis Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1213. Ageneiosus caucanus Steindaclincr. 

Lower Rio Tuyra, Marrigante, Panama. 

Ageneiosus caucanus Steindachner, Denkschr. Kais Akad. Wiss Wien 
XLI, 1880, 61, Pi. VI, figs. 1, 2, Rio Cauca, Panama. 

Family 95. PYGIDIID^ 

Genus 389. PYGIDIUM Meyen. 

I'ligidiuiii Meyen, Reise in Peru, I, 1835, 475 {P. fuscum Meyen). 

1214. Pygidium striatum Meek and Hildebrand. 

Upper Tuyra Basin, Panama. 

Pygidium slrialum Meek and Hildebrand, Field. Mus. Nat. Hist. 
Zool., X, 1913, 78, Rio Cana, Cana, Panama. 

Family 96. ASTROBLEPID.ffl 

Genus 390. ASTROBLEPUS 3' Humboldt. Cave cal fishes. 

Aslroblepus Humboldt, Obs. Zool. Phil. Mag., XXIV, 1806, 19, 331 

(A. grixalvii Humboldt). 
Cyclopium Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 305 

(Pimelodus cyclopum Humboldt = C'2/do/num humboldti Swain.son). 
Arges Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hi.st. Nat. Poiss., XV, 1840, 333 

{A. sabalo Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Brontes Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 341 {B, prenadilla Cuvier and 

Valenciennes, preoccupied) . 
Slrephon Gistel, Thierreich., VIII, 1848 {Brontes prenadilla Cuvier 

and Valenciennes, preoccupied). 
Stygogenes Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 223 {S. humboldti Giinther). 



* According to EigeomanD, all these names belong to the same genus 



160 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1215. Astroblepus pirrensis (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Tuyra River Basin. 

Cijclnpiiim pirrense Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zoo!., X, 1913, 83, Rio Cana, Cana, Panama (PI, XVI, Field Mus. 

Nat. Hist., Zool., X). 

Family 97. CALLICHTHYID^ 

Genus 391. HOPLOSTERNUM Gill. 

Jloplosternum Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 395 (Cal- 
licktlujs Icei'igalus Ciivier and Valenciennes=:Crt//it7i//(i/s litturatus 
Hancock). 

1216. Hoplosternum punctatus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Hio Marte Arnade, Panama. 

'ICalUcliilnis {Huplodernum) thoracatus (not Cuvier and Valenciennes), 

yteindachncr, Sitzungsb., Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, XLI, 1880, 66, 

Cauca, near Caceres. 
Hoploslcnnini punctatiim Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1916, 264, Rio Marte Arnade, 6 miles east of Panama City. 

Family 98. lORICARIIDiE. Mailed catfishes 

Genus 392. HYPOSTOMUS (lacepede). 

Flccostomus Gronow, Zoophyl., 1763, 127 {Plecostomus dorso dipterygio 

Gronow) ; not binomial. 
Hypostomus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 144 {Hyposiomus 
guacari Lacepede). 

1217. Hypostomus plecostomus (LinnaJus). 

lioth slopes of Panama, south to Uruguay. 

Luricaria plecostomus Linnteus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, I, 1766, 508, 

America. 
Hypostomus guacari Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 145, America. 
Loricaria flava Shaw, Gen. Zool., V, 1805, 38, pi. 101. 
Hypostoynus rohinii Gill, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., VI, 1858, 46, 

Trinidad. 
Hypostomus brasiliensis Bleeker, Silures de Suriname, 1864, 7, Surinam. 
Plecostomus seminudus Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad, 

Sci., 2nd ser., I, 1888, 169, Brazil. 
Plecostomus boulcngeri Eigenmann and Kennedy, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci, 

Phila,, LV, 1003, 502, Paraguay. 

Genus 393. THYSANOCARA Regan. 

Thysmiocara Regan, Ann, Mag. Nat, Hist., ser, 7, XVII, 1906, 95 

(Hypostomus cirrhosus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1218. Thysanocara spinosa (Meek and Hildebrand), 

Rare, male taken at mouth of Rio Yape, the female (type) in Rio 

Calobre, Panama, 
Ancistrus spinosus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus, Nat, Hist,, Zool., 

X, 1916, 252, Rio Calobre, trilMitary of the Rio Bayano, Panama. 

Genus 394. XENOCARA Regan, 

Xenocara Regan, Trans. Zool, Soc, Lond,, XVII, 1903, 251 {C hfetostomm 

latifro7is Giinther), 

1.219. Xenocara chagresl (Elgeinnann and Eigenmann), 
Rio Chagres, Panama. 

Ancistrus chagresi Eigenmann and Eigenuiann, Proc, Calif, Acad, Sci., 
2nd .ser., II, 1889, 47, Rio Chagres, Panama, 

Genus 395. CHiETOSTOMA Heekel, 

Chiitustoma Heekel, in Tsehudi, Fauna Peruana, 1846, 25 (C, loborhyn- 

chus Heokel), 
{Jha^lusluuiua Kner and authors generally; needlessly altered spelling. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 161 

1220. Chaetostoma fischeri (Steindachner). Couchu. 

Rio Manioni, near Panama. 

Chittostonms fischeri Steindachner, Hussfische Siidamerikas, I, 1879, 14, 
Rio Mamoiii, Panama. 

Genus 396. LASIANCISTRUS Regan. 

Lasiaticistru.-i Regan, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond., XVII, Pt. Ill, 1904, 224 
and 237 {Chstostoi?ius heteracanthus Giintiier). 

1221. Lasiancistrus planiceps (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Rio Tuyra Basin, Panama. 

Ancistrus planiceps Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1913, 79, PI. X; loc. cit., 1916, Rio Tuyra, Boca de Cupe, Panama. 

Genus 397. LEPTOANCISTRUS Meek and Hildebrand. 

Leptoancistrus Meek and Hildebrand, Field. Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1916, 254 (Ancanthian canescens Meek and Hildebrand). 

1222. Leptoancistrus canensis (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Mountain streams near Cana, Panama. 

Acanthicus canensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hi.st., Zool., 
X, 1913, SO, Rio Cana, Cana, Panama. 

Genus 398. STURISOMA Swainson. 

Sturisoma Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 304 

{Loricaria rostrata Spix). 
Hemiodon Kner, Panzerwelse, Denkschr., Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 1854, 

65 (//. depressus Kner). 

1223. Sturisoma rostrata (Sj)ix). 

Rivers of eastern South .\merica, from Panama to the Paraguay; 

widely distributed and abundant. 
Loricaria rostrata Sj)ix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 5, PI. Ill, Rio Blanco, Brazil. 
Loricaria acuta Cuvier and Valenciemies, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XV, 1840, 

349 (472), pi. 452, Barra di Rio Negro. 
"^Loricaria harhata Kner, Panzerwelse, Denkschr. Kais. Akad. Wiss. 

^^'i('Il, 1S53, .S7, Rio Cujuba. 

Genus 399. ANCISTRUS Bleaker. 

Ancistrus Kner, Denkschr., Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, VII, 1854, 272 

(abstract issued in 1853; Ancistrus medians Kner, as first restricted 

by Gill). 
Ilemiancistrus Bleeker, Nederl. Tijd.schr. Dierk., I, 1862 (1863), 78 

(Ancistrus mediaua Kner). 

1224. Ancistrus guacharote (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Porto Rico. 

H ypostomus guacharote Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XV, 
1S40, 375 (508). Porto Rico. 

1225. Ancistrus aspidolepis (Giinther). 

Veragua, Central America. 

Chsrtostomus aspidolepis Giinther, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond., VI, 1868 

(Nov. 27), 477, Veragua. 

Genus 400. LORICARIA Linnfeus. 

Loricaria Liiuiajus. Syst. Nat., ed. X, 175^, 307( L. cataphrncta Linnaeus). 

Hemiodon Kner, Djnkschr. .\kad. Wiss. Wien, 1854, about 65 (//. de- 
pressus Kner). 

Loricariirhthys Bleeker, Xederl. Tijds:-hr. Dierk., I, 1863, 3 {Loricaria 
maculata Bl(jch) 

Pseudoloricaria Bleeker, loc. cit., 3 {Loricaria Iseriuscula Cuvier and 
Valenciennes). 

Parahemiodon Bleeker, loc. cit., 3 {P. typus Bleeker). 

Ilemioloricaria Bleeker, loc. cit., 3 (//. caracasenses Bleeker). 

I'seudohemioddu Bleeker, loc. cit., 3 {Hemiodon plalycephalus Kner). 

1226. Loricaria variegata Steindachner. 

Rio Manioni, Panama. 

Loricaria variegata Steindachner, Flussfische Siidamerikas, I, 1879, 15, 
Rio Mamoni, Panama. 



1G2 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1227. Loricaria uracantha Kiier and Steindachner. 

Rio Chagres, Panama. 

Loricaria vracaidha Kner and Steindachner, Abhandl., Bayer. Acad. 

Wiss., 1865, 56, Rio Chagres, Panama. 
Loricaria bransfordi Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXVIII, 1876, 

338, Empire Station, Isthmus Railway, Panama. 

1228. Loricaria latiura Eigenmann and Vance. 

Rio Tuyra and Rio Atrato Basins, Panama; probably not in Pacific 

streams. 
Loricaria filamentosa laliura Eigenmann and Vance, Ind. Univ. Stud., 

No. 16, 1912, 13, Boca de Certegai, Panama. 
Loricaria tuyrcnsis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 

X, 1913, 81, Rio Capeti, Panama. 

1229. Loricaria capetensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Rio Tuyra Basin, Panama. 

Loricaria capetensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1913, 80, PI. XII; loc. cit., 1916; Rio Capeti, tributary 

Rio Tuyra, Panama. 

1230. Loricaria fimbriata Eigenmann and Vance. 

Rio Tuyra Basin, Panama. 

Locaria fimbriata Eigenmann and Vance, Ind. Univ. Stud., No. 16, 
1912, 12; Boca de Certegai and Bernal Creek, Colombia. 

1231. Loricaria altipinnis Breder. 

Tuyra Basin, Pacific slope of Panama. 

Loricaria altipi7inis C M. Bveder, ]t., Amer. Mus. Novitates, CLXXX, 
1925, 1, fig. 1, 2, Rio Chucunaque, Panama. 

Genus 401. RINELORICARIA Bleeker. 

Rineloricaria Blccker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., I, 1862 (1863), 80 
{Loricaria lima Kner). 

1232. Rineloricaria lima (Kner). 

Coastwise streams of Brazil, from the Parahyba northward to Panama; 

widely distributed and abundant in rocky brooks. 
Loricaria lima Kner, Panzerwelse, Denkschr. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 

1853, 89, Brazil. 
ILoricaria strigilata Hcnsel, Wiegmann's Archiv, 1868, 368, Santa Cruz. 

Genus 402. OXYLORICARIA Bleeker. 

Oxyloricaria Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., I, 1863, 5 {Loricaria 
harbata Kner). 

1233. Oxyloricaria panamensis (Eigenmann and Eigciunann). 

Pacific slope of Panama and Colombia, south to Ecuador. 

Loricaria rostrata (non Spix) Steindachner, Denkschr. Kais. Akad. 

Wiss. Wien, XLI, 1879, 165, Rio Mamoni, Panama. 
Loricaria panarnrnsis Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. 

Sci., .ser. 2, II, 1889, 34, Panama. 
Loricaria aurea Steindachner, Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 1900, 206, 

Rio Magdalena. 
Loricaria frenata Boulenger, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, IX, 1902, 

69, northwestern Ecuador. L. aurea and L. frenata are extralimital 

and may not belong here. 
Oxijloricaria dariensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1913, 81, Rio Tuyra and Rio Bayano Basins, Panama. 

1234. Oxyloricaria citurensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Rio Bayano and Rio Tuyra Basins, Panama. 

Osi/loricaria citurensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1913, 82, PI. XII, loc. cit., 1916, Rio Cituro, Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 163 

Order Z. INIOMI 
Family 99. SYNODONTID-ffl. Lizardfishes 

Genus 403. TRACHINOCEPHALUS Gill. 

Trachinocephalus Gill, Cat. Fish. East Coast N. Amer., Suppl., Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 53 {Saurus tnyops Cuvier and 
Valenciennes). 

1235. Trachinocephalus myops (Forster). Ground spearing; Lagarto; S7iake- 

fish. 

Tropical parts of the western Atlantic; West Indies and Brazil to 
coast of South Carolina; occasionally northward to Woods Hole. 

Salmo myops Fonster, in Bloch and Schneider, Svst. Ichth.. 1801, 421, 
St. Helena. 

Osmerus lemniacatus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 236, Mar- 
tinique; after Plumier. 

Saurus truncatuf! Agassiz, Pise. Brasil., 1828, 82, Brazil. 

Saurus brevirostris Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 305, Cuba; erroneously 
stated to have 10 rays. 

Genus 404. SYNODUS Gronow. Lizardfishes. 

Synodus Gronow, in Scopoli, Int. Hist. Nat., 1777, 449 {S. synodus L.). 
Tirus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 56 (T. marmoratus Rafinesque = 

Esox synodu.i Linnaeus). 
Saurus Cuvier, R&gne Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 169 {Salmo saurus Linniieus). 
Alpismnris Risso, Europ. Mcrid., Ill, 1826, 458 {A. risso Risso, very 

young). 

1236. Synodus synodus (Linnaeus). 

Coast of Brazil and Les.ser Antilles. 

lEsnx synodus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 516, America; ba.sed 
on Synodus of Gronow. 

1237. Synodus saurus (Linnapu.s). Tarentola; Lacerto; Tiru. 

Coasts of .southern Europe and neighboring i.>lands, recorded by Doctor 
Goode from the Bermudas. 

Salmo saurux Liniiieus, Syst. Nat., Ed. XII, 1766, 511, Mediterranean; 
after .\rtedi. 

Saurus griseus Lowe, Trans., Zool. Soc. Lond., II, 1841, 188, Madeira. 

Saurida meditcrrane i Swainson, Nat. Hist. Anim., II, 1839, 287, Medi- 
terranean; name only. 

Tirus marmoratus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810. 56, Palermo. 

Alpismaris risso Risso, Europ. Merid., Ill, 1S26, 458; very young. 

Synodus lacerta Goode, Bull., T'. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1S76, 6S, Bermuda 
specimen; not of Ri.sso. 

1238. Synodus fcetens (Linnteu.s). Lizardfish; (,'a'livasp; Lagarln; Softj)fish. 

Cape Cod to Brazil, very common from South Carolina southward on 

.satidy coasts. 
Salmo fnclens Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 513, South Carolina. 
Osmerus alhidus Lacdp^dc, Hist. Nat. Poi.ss., V, 1803, 229, Caroiinas; 

after Liniueu.s. 
Coregonus ruber Lacepede, loc. cit., 263, Martinique; after Phunier. 
Esox salmoneus Mitchill, Trans., Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 442, 

New York. 
tSaurus longiroslris Agassiz, Spix. Pise. Brasil., 1828, pi. 43, Brazil. 
Saurus mexicanus Cuvier, Rrgne Anim., ed. 2, 1829, 314, Mexico. 
Snuriis sjiixianus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 304, Cuba. 

1230. Synodus lucioceps (.\yres). 

San Francisco to Santa Barbara, rather common in summer. 

Saurii.s lucioceps Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 69, San 

I''r;incisco. 

1240. Synodus jenkinsi .lorHais atiii BoMinuii. 

Gulf of California to Galapagos Islanris in 16 to 33 fathoms; common. 
Synodus jenkinni .Jordan and Bollman, Proc. V. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1889, 153, off coast of Colombia, Galapagos Islands, 



164 tr. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1241. Synodus scituliceps Jordan and Gilbert. 

Cape San Lncas to Panama. 

Sijnodus scituliceps Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
34-i, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1242. Synodus lacertinus Gilbert. 

Acapulco, Mexico; one specimen known. 

Sij7iodus lacertinus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 55, 
Acapulco, Mexico. 

1243. Synodus poeyi Jordan. 

Cuba; abundant. 

Synodus poeyi Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 526, Habana. 

1244. Synodus intermedius (Agassiz). Sand-diver. 

Coast of southern Florida to Brazil; not rare. 
Saurus intermedius Agassiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1828, 81, Brazil. 
Saurus anolis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXII, 1849, 
483, Bahia, Martinique. 

124o. Synodus evermanni Jordan and Bollman. 
Mazatlan to coast of Colombia; abundant. 

Synodus evermanni Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1889, 152, Pacific Ocean off coast of Colombia in 33 fathoms. 

1246. Synodus simulans Garman. 

Off Cocos Island. 

Synodus simulans Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, XXIV, 1899, 251, 
PI. L, fig. 3; towings at surface off Cocos Island. 

1247. Synodus acutus Garman. 

Off Panama. 

Srjnodus acutus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 252, 
off coast of Panama. 

Genus 405. BATHYSAURUS Gunther. 

Bathysaurus Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5, II, 1878, 181 {B. 
Jerox Gunther). 

1248. Bathysaurus agassizii Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream, in deep water. 

Bathysaurus agassizii Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 
1882, No. 5, 215, Gulf Stream, 33° N., in 647 fathoms. 

1249. Bathysaurus mollis Giinther. 

Southern Pacific to coast of Lower California. 

Found off Lower California, 23° N., 1,760 fathoms (only N. Amer. 

record; Townsend and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus Nat. Hist., LII, 

1925, 10). 
Bathysaurus mollis Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., II, 1878, 

182, middle of South Pacific off Yeddo, in 1,875 and 2,385 fathoms. 

Genus 406. BATHYLACO Goode and Bean. 

Batliylaco Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 57 {B. nigricans Goode 
and Bean). 

1250. Eathylaco nigricans Goode and Bean. 

Gulf of Mexico; off Santa Cruz, at a depth of 2,393 fathoms; a single 

specimen known. 
Balhylaco nigricans Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1S95, 57, fig. 69, 

off Santa Cruz, Mexico. 

Genus 407. SAURIDA Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Sanrida Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXII, 1849, 499 
{Sal mo tumhil Bloch). 

1251. Saurida nebulosa Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

West Indies north to St. Kustatius. 

Saurida nebulosa Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXII, 
1849, 504, pi. 649. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 165 

Family 100. CHLOROPTHALMID^ 

Genus 408. CHLOROPTHALMUS Bonaparte. 

Chloropthalmus Bonaparte, Icon. Fauna Italiea, III, 1834, 144 (C. 

agassizi Bonaparte). 
Hyphalonedrus Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 483 (.H. chaly- 

beius Goode). 

1252. Chloropthalmus agassizii Bonaparte. 

Atlantic and Mediterranean; western Atlantic. 

Chloropthalmus agassizii Bonaparte, Fauna Italiea, 1840, pi. 121, Italy. 

1253. Chloropthalmus chalybeius (Goode). 

Gulf Stream, in from 85 to 167 fathoms. 

Hyphalonedrus chalybeius Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880 (Feb. 
16, 1881), 484, Gulf Stream off Rhode Island. 

1254. Chloropthalmus truculentus Goode and Bean. 

One specimen, Blake station LII, off Barbados. 

Chloropthalmus truculentus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 61, 
fig. 72, off Barbados in 158 fathoms. 

1255. Chloropthalmus mento Garman. 

Off Panama. 

Chloropthalmus mento Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

254, 3, PI. LIV, figs. 1-lc, Albatross stations 3385, 3386, and 3389 

in 210 to 286 fathoms. 

Family 101. SUDID^ 

Genus 409. SUDIS Rafinesque. 

Sudis Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 60 (.S. hyalina Rafinesque). 

1256. Sudis ringens Jordan and Gilbert. 

Santa Hurltara Chunnei, Calif., the only specimen known taken from 
the .stomach of a hake, itself found in the stomach of a long-finned 
albicore (Gerrno). 

Sudis ringens Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 
273, Santa Barbara Channel. 

1267. Sudis intermedius (Poey). 

Matanzas, Cuba; one specimen known. 

Faralejns intermedius Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 416, Mantanzas, 
Cuba. 

Genus 410. ARCTOZENUS GiU. 

Arctozenus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 188 (Paralepis 
horealis Rcinhardt). 

1258. Arctozenus borealis (Rcinhardt). 

Deep waters of Arctic America. 

Paralepis borealis Reinhardt, Vidensk. Sclsk. Naturv. Math. Afhandl., 
VII, 1832, 115, Greenland. 

1259. Arctozenus coruscans (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Puget Sound; one specimen known. 

Paralepis coruscans Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus , III 
1880, 411, Port Townsend, Wasli. 

Genus 411. PARALEPIS Risso. 

Paralepis Risso, in Cuvicr, R^gne Anim., ed. 1, 1817 [Coregonus paralepis 
Kisso = Paralepis roregonoides Risso). 

1260. Paralepis coregonoides Risso. 

Mediterranean, rare; Gulf .stream at Albatross station 2393. 
Paralepis coregonoides Ris.so, Europ. M6rid., Ill, 1826, 472, PI. VII, 
fig. 15, Nice. 

1261. Paralepis barracudina Fowler and Phillips. 

('oast of Now Jersey. 

Paralepis barracudina Fowler and Phillips, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., LXII, 1910, 403, with figure, Corsons Inlet, Cape May 

County, N. J. 



166 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 412. LESTIDIOPS Hubbs. 

Lestidiops llubbs, Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., XVI, 1916, 154 (L. sphy- 

ranops Hubbs). 

12G2. Lestidiops sphyrsenops Hubbs. 

Lestidiops sphyr^Eiiops Hubbs, Univ. Calif. Pub. Zool., XVI, 1916, 155, 
pi. 18, Avalon Bay, Santa Catalina Island. 

Family 102. BATHYPTEROID.aJ 

Genus 413. BATHYPTEROIS Giinther. 

Bathyplvruis Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5, II, 1878, 83 {B. 

loiujifdis Gunther). 
Synapteretmus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 64 {Bathy pterois 

quadrifdis Gunther). 

Subgenus SYNAPTERETMUS Goode and Bean. 

1263. Bathypterois quadrifilis Giinther. 

Brazil; Ht. Vincent. 

Bathypterois quadrifilis Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 184, 
off coast of Brazil in 500 to 770 fathoms. 

1264. Bathypterois pectoralis Garman. 

Off Central America in deep water. 

Bathypterois pectoralis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, 257, PI. K, fig. 1, Albatross stations 3376, 3393, 3407, and 3431 

in 885 to 1,132 fathoms. 

1265. Bathypterois ventralis Garman. 

Off west coast of Mexico. 

Bathypterois ventralis Garman, Mem., Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, PI. LV, fig. 1, 256, Albatross stations 3418 and 3425 in 660 

to 680 fathoms. 

Family 103. BENTHOSAURID.ffl 

Genus 414. BENTHOSAURUS Goode and Bean. 

Benthosaurus Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 1886, 
No. 5, 168 {B. grallator Goode and Bean). 

1266. Benthosaurus grallator Goode and Bean. 

Gulf of Mexico and Gulf Stream, in lat. 24° 33' N., long. 84° 23' W., 

and lat. 39° 3' 15" N., long 70° 50' 45" W. 
Benthosaurus grallator Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 

1886, No. 5, 168, Gulf Stream. 

Family 104. MYCTOPHIDiE.^^ Lanternfishes 

Genus 415. MACROSTOMA Risso. 

Macrostoma Risso, Europ. M6rid., Ill, 1826, 447 (Macrostoma angust- 

idens Risso) ; not Macrostomus Wied., a genus of insects. 
Notoscopelus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 40.5 {Lampanyctus resplendens 

Richardson), to replace Macrostoma, regarded as preoccupied. 
Catahlemella Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., Ill, 

1890, 3, 24, (C. brachychir Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

1267. Macrostoma angustidens Risso. Prickfish; Maire d' Amplora. 

Atlantic and Indian Oceans, Norway and Greenland. 

Macrostoma angustidens Risso, Europ. Merid., Ill, 1826, 448, off Nice. 

1268. Macrostoma quercinum (Goode and Bean). 

Western Atlantic; Mediterranean. 

Notoscopelus quercinus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 83, 
fig. 97) Grand Banks, Newfoundland. 

1269. Macrostoma margaritiferum (Goode and Bean). 

Grand Banks of Newfoundland. 

Notoscopelus mxirgantiferus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 84, 
fig. 98, off Banquereau. 



^ Several species recently described as Myctophum may prove to belong to other genera. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 167 

1270. Macrostoma castaneum (Goode and Bean). 

Grand Banks. 

Notoscopelus castaneus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 84, 
fig. 95, Grand Banks, Newfoundland. 

Genus 416. CERATOSCOPELUS Giinther. 

Ceratoscopelus Giinther, Cat., V, 1864, 405 and 412 {Scopelus madeirensis 
Lowe) . 

1271. Ceratoscopelus madeirensis (Lowe). ♦ 

Atlantic and Mediterranean; west to the Grand Banks. 

Scopelus madeirensis Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, 87, Madeira. 

Genus 417. LAMPANYCTUS Bonaparte. 

Lampanyctus Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, Fasc. XXVII, 1840 (L. fconc- 
partei Bonaparte). 

1272. Lampanyctus guntheri Goode and Bean. 

Grand Banks. 

Lampanyctus guntheri Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 79, fig. 90, 
Grand Banks. 

1273. Lampanyctus gemmifer Goode and Bean. 

Guli Stream. 

Lampanyctus gemmifer Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 80, 
fig. 88, Grand Banks, in lat. 39° 40' N., long. 71° 35' W., in 538 

fathoms. 

1274. Lampanyctus lacerta Goode and liean. 

Gulf of Mexico. 

Lampanyctus lacerta Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 81, fig. 89, 
Gulf of Mexico, in lat. 28° 38' 30" N., long. 85° 52' 30" W. 

1275. Lampanyctus ritteri Gilbert. 

Coast of California; Montcrev Bav; San Clomcnte. 

Lampanyctus ritteri Gilbert, Proc." U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVII, 1915. 318, 
pi. 15, fig. 3, Monterey Bay; San Cleniente Island, Calif. 

Genus 418. NYCTIMASTER Jordan. 

Nyctimaster Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., LIX, 1921, 645 {Lampanyc- 
tus j or dani CJilbert). 

Most of the species hitherto referred to Lampanyctus, having the scales 
of the lateral line not larger than the others, should be referred to 
Nyctimaster. 

1276. Nyctimaster townsendi (lOigcnniann and Eigeiunarui). 

Cortez Banks near San Diego, in 45 fathoms. 

Myctophum, townsendi Eigeiunaim anrl Eigenniann, West Amer. Sci- 
entist, 18S9, 125, Cortez Banks, off San Diego, Calif. 

1277. Nyctimaster alatus (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf of Mexic(j. 

Lampanyctus alatus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Iclith., 1895, 79, Gulf 
Stream. 

Genus 419. LAMPADENA Goode and Bean. 

Lampadena Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 85 (L. speculigera 
Goode and Bean). 

1278. Lampadena speculigera Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Lampadena speculigera Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 85, 
fig. 99, Gulf Stream, lat. .39° 4H' N., long. 70° 36' W., in 551 fathoms. 

Genus 420. NANNOBRACHIUM Gunther. 

Nannohrachimn Giinttier, Deep Sea Fishes, dhallenger, 1887, 199, {N. 
nigrum Guntherj. 

1279. Nannobrachium nannochir (Gilbert). 

Alaska to Santa Barbara Islands, in deep water. 

Myctophum nannochir Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus.. XIII, 1S9(), 51, 

off Washington, Albatross stations 2925, 3072, and others, iu 266 to 

685 fathoms. 



168 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1280. Nannobrachium leucopsarum (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

Pacific coast of America, from Alaska to San Diego. 

Mydophum {Stenobrachuis) leucopsarum Eigenmann and Eigenmann, 

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d ser., Ill, 1890, 5, off Point Loma, Calif., 

in stomachs of Sehastodes. 

1281. Nannobrachium macdonaldi Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Nannobrachium macdonaldi Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 94, 
fig. 110, Gulf Stream. 

1282. Nannobrachium regale (Gilbert). 

Santa Barbara Channel, in deep water. 

Myctopfmm regale Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 544, 
Santa Barbara Channel, Albatross station 2923, in 822 fathoms. 

1283. Nannobrachium mexicanum (Gilbert). 

Coast of Lower California, in deep water. 

Mydophum mexicanum Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 51, 

off Lower California, at Albatross stations 3008 and 3009 in 306 

and 857 fathoms. 

Genus 421. .STHOPRORA Goode and Bean. 

/Ethoprora Goode antl Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 86 {Scopelus meto- 
poclampus Cocco). 

1284. iEthoprora efifulgens Goode and Bean. 

Western Atlantic. 

/Ethoprora effulqens Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 87, fig. 

103, Browns Bank and Albatross station 2127, 19° 45' N., 75° W., 

in 689 fathoms. 

1285. iEthoprora lucida Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Aithoprora lucida Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 87, fig. 102, 
Gulf Stream, lat. 19° 45' N., long. 75° 4' W. 

Genus 422. COLLETTIA Goode and Bean. 

CoUdtia Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 88 {Mydophum rajinesquei 
Cocco). 

1286. Collettia rafinesquei (Cocco). 

Mediterranean and Atlantic; Gulf Stream off the New England coast. 
Nyctophus rafinesquei Cocco, Alcuni Salmon, etc., 1820, 20, Messina. 

1287. Collettia nocturna (Poey). 

Coast of Cul)a. 

Mydophum nocturnum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 426, Cuba. 

Genus 423. DIAPHUS Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Diaphus Eigenmann and Eigoimiann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d ser.. 
Ill, 1890, 3 {Scopelus engraulis CKuithcr). 

1288. Diaphus theta Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Point Loma, near San Diego, Calif., to coast of Oregon. 

Diaphus thda P'.igcnmaiui and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 

2d. ser., Ill, March, 1890, 4, Point Loma, near San Diego. 
Mydophiim proloculus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mtis., XIII, 1890, 52, 

.July 2, coast of Washington, in 584 fathoms, Albatross station 3072, 

in 5S4 fathoms. 

Genus 424. RHINOSCOPELUS lutken. 

Rhinoscopelus Lutken, Vidensk. Selsk. Naturv. Copenhagen, VII, 

1892, 237 {Scopelus coccoi Cocco). 
Alysia Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, 87 {A. loricata Lowe = 

Sco})elus coccoi Cocco; name preoccui)ied). 

1289. Rhinoscopelus andreae (Liitken). 

Open Alliiiilic and Indian Ocean; (iulf Stream. 

Scopelus andrcu Liitken, SfjoUa Athintica, 1892, 25, North Atlantic. 

1290. Rhinoscopelus rarus (Lutken). 

Open Atlantic, west to 50° W., 33° N. 

Scopelus rarus Lutken, Spolia Atlantica, II, 1892, 26, North Atlantic. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 169 

1291. Rhinoscopelus coccoi (Cocco). 

West Atlantic, Gulf Stream, Mediterranean, ranging from Newfound- 
land to Africa. 

Scopelus coccoi Cocco, Giorn. Sci. Litt. Art. Sicilia (No. 77), Palermo, 
1829, 143 ("Scopelo de Cocco"), Palermo. 

Alysia loricata Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, 87, Madeira. 

Genus 425. MYCTOPHUM Rafinesque. Laniernfishes. 

Myciophum Rafinesciue, Indice, 1810, 56 {M. punctatum Rafinesque). 
Scopelus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 56 (Gasteropelecus humholdtii 

Risso). 
Nyctophus Cocco, Giorn. Sci. Litt. Art. Sicil., 1829, 44 (A'^. rafincsquei, 
substitute for Myctophum) . 

1292. Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque. 

Warmer parts of the Atlantic, Grand Banks, and from the Gulf Stream 

to the Mediterranean. 
Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 56, PI. II, fig. 5, 

Palermo. 
Scopelinus caninianus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss.. 

XXII, 1849, 445, coast of Italy. 

1293. Myctophum afiine (Liitken). 

Open -Atlantic west to 63° W., 38° N., and in the open Pacific. Perhaps 

more than one species included. 
Scopelus affine Liitken, .Spolia Atlantica, II, 1892, 32, open Atlantic. 
Myctophum nitidulum Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, 266, PI. LVI, fig. 3, lat. 27° 50' N., long. 145° 45' 30" W. 
Rhinoscopelus oceanicus .Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 

XX, 1902, 16S, Hawaiian Islands. 
Myctophum margaritatum Gilbert, loc. cit., XXIII, pt. 2, 1905, p. 596, 

pi. 68, fig. 2, off .south coa.st of Molokai, Hawaiian Islands. 

1294. Myctophum humboldti (Ri.sso). 

Open seas, Meditorranoaii, and Atlantic on both shores. 
(ia.stcrnpelcrus hunilioldtii Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 358, Nice. 

1295. Myctophum calif orniense Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Cortez Banks, San Diego, Calif. 

7Myctophum hoops Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1845, 39, 

open sea between Australia and New Zealand. 
Myctophum californiense Eigenmann and Eigenmann, West Amer. 

Scientist, Nov. 9, 1889, 1-24, San Diego, Calif. 

1296. Myctophum gracile (Liitken). 

Open Atlantic, west to 48° W., 23° N. 

Scopelus gracilis Liitken, Spolia Atlantica, II, 1892, 35, open Atlantic. 
? Myctophrnn hians Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1845, 41, pi. 
27, open sea, locality unknown. 

1297. Myctophum benoiti (Cocco). 

Mediterranean to Norway and Greenland. 

Scopelus benoiti Cocco, Lett, su Salmon., 1838, 12, pi. 2, fig. 4, Messina. 

1298. Myctophum hygomi (Lutkcn). 

.North .Atlantic, occasional in our waters. 

Scopelus hygomi Liitken, Spolia Atlantica, 1892, 257, North Atlantic. 
Myctophum rcmiger Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 75, western 
.Atlantic. 

1299. Myctophum oculeum Garman. 

C)fT Panama in deep water. 

Myctophum oculeum Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
260, Pi. LVI, fig. 2, numerous stations of the Albatross. 

1300. Myctophum atratum Garman. 

Off western Mexico in the open sea. 

Myctophum ntratum Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., X.XIV, 1.S99, 

268, AUmiross station 3433, lat. 25° 26' 15" N., long. 109° 48' VV., in 

1,218 fathoms. 



170 XJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1301. Myctophuni laternatum Garniaii. 

Off Pacific coast of Mexico in open sea. 

Myctoph}im laternaltim Garnian, Mem. Mus. C'onip. Zool., XXIV, 1S99, 
267, PI. LVI, fig. 7, several stations of the Albatross. 

1302. Myctophum aurolaternatum Garman. 

Off Panama. 

Myctophum aurolaternatum Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, 264, PI. LV, fig. 3, Albatross station 3382, lat. 6° 21' N., long. 

80° 41' W. at surface. 

1303. Myctophum luminosum Garman. 

Off Panama. 

Myctophum luminosum, Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 

1899, 263, PI. LV, fig. 2, Albatross station 3042, lat. 0° 57' 30" S., 

long. 89° 3' 30" W., in 421 fathoms. 

1304. Myctophum tenuiculum Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Myctophu7n tenuiculum Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

262, pi. 5, fig. 5, Albatross station 3382, lat. 6° 21' N., 80° 41' W., 

at surface. 

Genus 426. BENTHOSEMA Goode and Bean. 

Benthosema Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 76 (Scopelus muelleri 
Gmelin). 

1305. Benthosema arcticum (Liitken). 

Davis Straits, Greenland. 

Scopelus arcticus Liitken, Spolia Atlantica, 1892, 29, Davis Straits. 

1306. Benthosema mulleri (Gmelin). 

North Atlantic, occasional from Norway to Greenland, more abundant 

southward to South Carolina; probably always in very deep water. 
Salmo mulleri Gmelin, Syst. Nat., 1788, 1378, Norway; after Strom. 
Scopelus glacialis Reinhardt, Overs, 1835, 36, Greenland. 

Genus 427. SCOPELENGYS Alcock. 

Scopelengys Alcock, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6, VI, 1890, 302 (.S'. 
tristis Alcock). 

1307. Scopelengys dispar Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Scopelengys dispar Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

254, PL LIV, figs. 2-2d, Albatross stations 3353, 3360, 3382, and 

3383, in from 695 to 1,832 fathoms. 

Genus 428. TARLETONBEANIA Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Tarlctonbeaniu Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 
1891, 6 (7'. tenuu Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

1308. Tarletonbeania crenularis (Jordan and Gilbert). 

San Diego and vicinity. 

Myctophum crenularc Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 

1880, 274, Santa Barbara, Calif. 
Myctophum procellarium Bean, in Jordan and Gilbert, loc. cit., 467, off 

Straits of Fuca. 
Tarletonbeania temia Eigenmann and EigenmauTi, Proc. Calif. Acad. 

Sci., IV, 1890, 7, Coronado Islands near San Diego, Calif. 

Family 105. IPNOPID^ 

Genus 429. IPNOPS Gunther. 

Ipnops Giintlier, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 187 (/. murrayi 
(jiinther). 

1309. Ipnops murrayi Giinther. 

Bottom fish, at about 2,000 fathoms; coast of Brazil, Tristan da Cunlia, 
Celebes, in tropical America (24° 36' N., 84° W.) and off Bequia, 
Windward Islands. 

Ipnops murrayi Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 187, coast 
of Brazil, etc. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 171 

1310. Ipnops agassizi Garman. 

Pacific coast of Central America in deep water. 

Ipnops agassizii Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 259, 

PI. H, figs. 2, 2a, Albatross station 3413, lat. 2° 34' N., long. 92° 6' 

W., in 1,360 fathoms. 

Family 106. OMOSUDID.S 

Genus 430. OMOSUDIS Gunther. 

Omosudis Gunther, Challenger Kept., XXII, 1887, 201 (O. lomi Gun- 
ther). 

1311. Omosudis lowii Giinther. 

Open sea; Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2392. 

Omosudis lowii Giinther, Challenger Kept., XXII, 1887, 201, pi. 52, figs. 
C, C', Philippine Islands, Magdalena. 

Family 107. ALEPISAURIDuE. Handsawfishes 

Genus 431. ALEPISAURUS Lowe. 

Plagyodus Steller, in Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso- Asiat., Ill, 1811, 383 (no 

type named, doubtless P. sescidapius Bean); given in oblique form 

only, as Plagyodontem. 
Alepisaurus Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., I, 1833 {A. ferox Lowe). 

1312. Alepisaurus ferox Lowe. Lancetfish. 

Deep waters of the Atlantic; occasional off the coasts of Nova Scotia, 

Massachusetts, and on the Grand Banks. 
Alepisaurus ferox Lowe, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond., I, 1833, 395, Madeira. 
Alepisaurus azureus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XXII, 

1849, 530, Canaries. 

1313. Alepisaurus eesculapius (Bean). Wolffish; Subotka. 

Coast of Alaska southward to California. 

Plagyodus Steller in Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso. -Asiat., Ill, 1811, 383, Kurile 

Islands. 
Alepidosaurus aesculapius Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 661, 

liiuliuk, Unalaska. 

Genus 432. CAULOPUS Gill. Handsawfishes. 

Caulopus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phiia., XIV, 1862, 128 (Alepido- 
saurus borealis GHil). 

1314. Caulopus altivelis (Poey). 

Cuba, in deep water. 

Alepisaurus altivelis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 302, Cuba. 
Alepidosaurus (Caulopus) poeyi Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 
1862, 131, Cuba. 

1315. Caulopus borealis (Gill). Handsawfish; Serra. 

Pacific coast of America from Alaska to Puget Sound. 

Alepidosaurus borealis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

128, Puget Sound. 
Alepidosaurus serra Gill. loc. cit., 129. "Monterey, Lower California.' 

Order AA. CETUNCULI 

Family 108. RONDELETIID.a; 

Genus 433. RONDELETIA Goods and Bean. 

Rondelelia Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894, 454 
{R. bicolor Goode and Bean). 

1316. Bondeletia bicolor Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Rondelelia bicolor Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894 

(1895), 454, pi. 17, fig. 7, and Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 68, fig. 77, at 

Albatross station 2724 in 1,641 fathoms. 



172 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Family 109. CETOMIMID^ 

Genus 434. CETOMIMUS Goode and Bean. 

Cclomimux Gocxle and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894, 453 

(C. gillii Goode and Bean) . 

1317. Cetomimus gillii Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Cetoynimus gillii Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894 
(1895), 452, pi. 17, fig. 2, and in Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 69, fig. 78, 
Gulf Stream, in lat. 39° 35' N., long. 71° 24' 30" W. 

1318. Cetomimus storeri Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Cetomimus storeri Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894 
(1895), 453, pi. 17, fig. 3, and in Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 69, fig. 79, 
Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2222 in 1,535 fathoms. 

Order BB. XENOMI 

Family 110. DALLIID.ffi. Alaska blackfish 

Genus 435. DAILIA Bean. 

Dallia Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 358 (D. pedoralis Bean). 

1319. Dallia pectoralis Bean. Alaska blackfish; Charnia ryba. 

Streams and ponds of northern Alaska and Siberia. 

Dallia pectoralis Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 358, St. 

Michaels, Alaska. 
Umbra delicatissima Smitt, Offer. Kongl. Vetensk. Akad. Forh. Arg., 

Stockholm, 1881, 38, pi. 5, fig. 1, Pittlekag, Siberia. 

Order CC. HAPLOMI 
Family 111. ESOCIDZE. Pikes 

Genus 436. ESOX Linnaeus. 

Esox LinniEus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 313 {E. lucius Linnseus). 
Lucius GeofTroy, Descr. de 719 Plantes, etc., 1767, 407 (Esox lucius 

Linnaius). 
Lucius Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 59 (Esox lucius Linnaeus = L. vorax 

Rafinesque). 
Picorellus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 70 {Esoxvittatus Rafinesque, 

a mythical species). 
Mascalongus Jordan, Klippart's rept., Ohio Fish Com., 1878, 92 {Esox 

masquinongy Mitchill = £'sox nobilior Thompson). 
Kenoza Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 

626 {Esox americanus Gmelin). 

Subgenus MASCALONGUS Jordan. 

1320. Esox masquinongy Mitchill. Muskallunge,^^ Muskellunge; M askinorigy ; 

Muscalonge; Great pike. 
Great Lakes region; Upper Mississippi Valley and northward. 
Esox masquinongy Mitchill, "Mirror," 1824, 297, Lake Erie. 
Esox masquinongy Mitchill, in Kirtland, Fishes of Ohio, 1838, 194, 

Lake Erie. 
Esox nobilior Thompson, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1850, 163, 

Lake Charaplain. 
Esox nobilis Kirtland, Proc. Cleveland Acad. Nat. Sci., 1854, 84, Lake 

Erie; name a slip of the pen for Esox nobilior. 

1321. Esox masquinongy ohiensis Kirtland. 

Ohio River and its tributaries; Chautauqua Lake, N. Y. 

Esox salmoneus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., Ill, 1818, 447, Ohio 

River; not Esox salmoneus Mitchill 1815 — Synodus f(etens. 
Esox ohiensis Kirtland, Proc. Cleveland Acad. Nat. Sci., Feb. 7, 1854, 

Mahoning River, Ohio. 

n The common names of the fishes of the pike family, and of the pilce perches, with which they are con- 
fused, are too numerous to be given here. As Weed, who gives many of them (Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool. leaflet No. 0, 1927) remarks, "There are as many as 80 names for 1 fish and 7 fish for one name." 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 173 

1322. Esoz masquinongy immaculatus Garrard. Great northern pike. 

Lakes of Wisconsin and Minnesota. 

Esox immaculatus Garrard, MS.; noticed in various fishing journals; 
Eagle Lake, northern Wisconsin. 

Subgenus ESOX Linnseus. 

1323. Esox ester ^^ LeSueur. American pike. 

Northern North America; eastern United States south to New York 

and the Ohio River. 
Esox estor LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 413, Lake 

Erie at Buffalo. 
V.Esox vitlatus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., Ill, 1818, 447, Ohio 

River; mythical; described from hearsay. 
?'!Esox australis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVII, 

1846, 323, locality unknown; thought to be Van Diemen's Land 

(Tasmania). 
Esfjx depraudus LeSueur in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVIII, 1846, 336, Wabash River, New Harmony, Ind. 
Esox lugubris LeSueur, loc. cit., 338, Crab Orchard, Ky. 
Esox boreus Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 317, Lake Superior. 
Esox lucoides Agassiz and Girard, in Herbert Forrester's Fish and 

Fishing, 1850, 154, Lake Superior. 

Subgenus KENOZA Jordan and Evermann. 

1324. Esox niger LeSueur. Eastern pickerel; Green pike; Jack. 

Massachusetts to Florida, in lowland streams and swamps. 

Esox reliculatus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1818, 414, 

Connecticut River, Adams, Mass.; Philadelphia; name preoccupied 

in Europe. 
TEsox phaleratus Say in LeSueur, loc. cit., 416, St. Augustine, Fla.; 

unidentifiable. 
Esox niger LeSueur, loc. cit., 415, Soutli Carolina. 
Esox tridecemlineatus Mitchill, "Mirror," 1825, 361, Oneida Lake, 

N. Y. 

1325. Esoz vermiculatus LeSueur. Little pickerel; Grass pike. 

Mississippi Valley and tributaries of Lake Erie and Lake Michigan, 
south to Mississippi and Arkansas. 

Esox rermiculalus LeSueur in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 
Poiss., XVIII, 1846, 333, Wabasli River, New Harmony, Ind. 

Esox lineal us LeSueur, loc. cit., 335, Wabash River, New Harmony, Ind. 

Esox crassus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1854, 308, Tennessee 
River, Huntsville, Ala. 

Esox umbrosus Kirtland, Proc. Cleveland Acad. Nat. Sci., 1854, 79, 
small Bay of Rockv River, Rockport, near Cleveland, Ohio. 

Esox cypho Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 78, Water- 
ford, Oakland Countv, Mich. 

Esox porosus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XIII, 1866, 408, 
Waterford, Oakland County, Mich.; substitute for cypho regarded 
as an inept name. 

1326. Esoz atnericanus Gmelin. Barred pickerel. 

Esox lucius amcricanus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., 1788, 1390, Long Island, 

N. Y.; after Schopf. 
Esox scomberius Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 322, Murderers 

Creek, N. Y. 
Esox fasciatus DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 224, Murderers 

Creek and other streams near New York. 
Esox ornalus Girard, "Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., V, 1854, 41," Proc. 

Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., XXXVII, 1885, 369, 41; Charles River, 

Mass. 
Esox raveneli Holbrook, Ichth. South Carolina, 1860, 201, Charleston, 

S. C. 



•* Not clearly separated from Esox lucius L. of Europe. 
6424°— 29 12 



174 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Family 112. UMBRIDiE. Mud minnows 

Genus 437. UMBRA Muller. 

Umbra Kiiimer, MS., in Muller, Anim. Austr. Infer., 1756; Miiller, 

Abhandl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 1842, 188 {crameri). 
Mclanura Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVI, 1853, 135 {M. annulata 

Agassiz, not Exoglossum annidatwm Rafinesque, etc. = LeMciscus 

pijgtnxus DeKay). 

1327. Umbra limi (Kirtland). Mud minnoio; Dogfish. 

Great Lakes region and upper Mississippi Valley in weedy streams 

and ponds; Lake Champlain to Minnesota. A hardy and attractive 

aquarium fish. 
llydrargira lima Kirtland, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1840, 277, streams 

in northern Ohio. 
Ilydrargyrafuiica Thompson, Hist. Vermont, 1842, 137, Lake Champlain. 
llydrargira alricauda DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 220, Lake 

Champlain. 

1328. Umbra pygmaea (DeKay). Striped mud minnow; Eastern mud yninnow. 

Lowland streams and swamps coastwise, from Long Island to the 
Xeuse River, N. C; locally abundant. 

Leuciscus pygmxus DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 214, Tappan, 
Rockland County, N. Y. 

Fundulus fuscus Ayres, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., IV, 1843, 29G, Brook- 
haven, Long Island. 

Umbra pygmasa bilineata Shufeldt, Aquatic Life, Jul.v, 1917, tributaries 
of Chesapeake Bay; slight color variation. 

Order DD. CYPRINODONTES. (Microcyprini) 

Family 113. CYPRINODONTID.ffi. KilHfishes 

Genus 438. PROFUNDULUS Hubbs. 

Profundulus Hubbs, Misc. Pub. 13, Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., Jan. 18, 
1924, 12 {Fundulus punctatus Giinther). 

1329. Profundulus punctatus (Giinther). 

Southern Mexico and Central America in streams and lakes, south to 

Ecuador. 
Fundulus punctatus Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 320, Chiapas. 
Fundulus guatemalensis Giinther, loc. cit., 321, Lake Duenas. 
Fundulus pachycephalus Giinther, loc. cit., 321, Lake Atitlan, Guatemala. 

1330. Profundulus labialis (Giinther). 

Rivers of Guatemala in Atlantic drainage. Lake Yzabal, Rio Chisoy 

and Rio San Geronimo. 
Fundulus labialis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 319, Rio San Geronimo, 

Guatemala, Yzabal. 

1331. Profundulus oaxacae (Meek). 

Streams of Oaxaca, Mexico. 

Fundulus oaxacse Meek, Pub., Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 90, 
Oaxaca, Mexico. 

1332. Profundulus candalarius Hubbs. 

Profundulus candalarius Hubbs, Misc. Pub. 13, Mus. Zool., Univ. 
Mich., Jan. 18, 1924, 15, Candalaria, Guatemala, Rio Chiapas Basin, 
Atlantic drainage. 

Genus 439. CUBANICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Cubanichthys Hubbs, Misc. Pub. Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., No. 16, 
July 9, 1926, 4 (Fundulus cubensis Eigeiimarui). 

1333. Cubanichthys cubensis (Eigenmaun). 

Streams of Pinar del Rio, Cuba. 

Fundulus cubensis Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 
(1903), 222, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. 

Genus 440. LEPTOLUCANIA Myers. 

Leptolucania Myers, Amer. Mus. Novitates, June 6, 1924, 8 {Heterandria 
ommala Jord&a — Z ygonecles mannii Hay). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 175 

1334. Leptolucania ommata (Jordan). 

Florida; Indian River and Santa Fe River, and their tributaries. 
Heterandria ommata .Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 18S4, 323, 

Indian River, Fla. 
Zygonectes mannii Hav, loc. cit., VIII, 18S5, 555, Yellow Water River, 

Fla. 

Genus 441. CHRIOPEOPS Fowler. 

Chriopeops Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVIII, 1916, 425 
{Lucania goodei Jordan). 

1335. Chriopeops goodei (Jordan). 

Waters of the Florida Everglades; locally abundant. 
Lucania goodei Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 2-40, Arlington 
River, Fla., a tributary of the St. Johns. 

Genus 442. LUCANIA Girard. 

Lucania Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 118 (Limia 
venusta Girard); not Lucanus, a genus of beetles. 

1336. Lucania parva (Baird and Girard). Rainwater fish; Little killifish. 

Atlantic coast from Connecticut to Kej- West, Texas, and Mexico. 
Cyprinodon parvus Baird and Girard, Ninth Smithson. Rept., 1854 

(1855), 345, Long Island. 
Limia venusta Girard, U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Ichth., 1859, 71, pi. 

39, figs. 20-23, Indianola, Tex. 
Lucania affinis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 118, 

Matamoras, Mexico. 

Genus 443. FUNDULUS Lacepede. 

Fnndulu.-^ Lacc'podc, Hist. Xat. Poiss., V, 1803, 37 (Fundulus mudfish 

ljSic6p^de = Cohitis helcroclita Linn.Tu.'i). 
Ilydrargyra Lacepede, loc. cit., 378 {H. su-amjrina L&c6p(ide = Fundnlus 

majalis Walbauin). 
Borhorys (Brous.sonet) Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 

1885, 205 {Cobitis heteroclitus Linnaeus). 
Gambusinus Jordan and Everniann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 

1896, 633 {Fund)dus rathhuni Jordan and Meek). 
Galasaccus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVIII, 1916, 417 

(Hydrargyra similis Baird and Girard). 

1337. Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnirus). Common killifish; Minnow; Pike 

minnow; M mnmichog; Mud-minnow; Muddabbler; Cobbler. 
Coast of Maine to the Rio Grande; Gulf coast; common in brackish 

waters. 
Cobitis heteroclita Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 500, Charleston, 

S. C. 
Paecilia coenicola Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 452, Carolinas. 
Fundulus mudfish Lacejiede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 37, Carolinas. 
Hydrargyra swampina Lacepede, lor. cit., 378, South Carolina. 
Fundulus nisorius Cope, Proc. Anicr. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 456, 

reported from Gaboon, West Africa, appears to be heteroclitus, wrong 

locality. 

1338. Fundulus heteroclitus fonticola Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

West Indies. 

Fundulus fonticola Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poi.ss., XVIII, 

1846, 148 (198), mountain springs of Porto Rico. 
Funduhis anlillarum Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVIII, 

1916, 418, fig. 1, .St. Martins, West Indies. 

1339. Fundulus heteroclitus bermudae Gi'inther. Mangrove minnow. 

B('rmudas. 

Fundulus txrmiKhf Gvitithcr, .\nn. Mag. Nat. Hist., .ser. 4, XIV, 1874, 

370, Bermudas. 
Fundulus rhizophors' Goode, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XIII, 1877, 298, 

Basden Pond, Bermudas. 



176 U. ^. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1340. Fundulus heteroclitus niacrolepidotus (Walbaum). Common cobbler ; 

Killifish; Catfish; Dogfish; Killy; Killie; River minnow; Mummichog; 

Blunthead. 
Maine to Virginia; common in brackish waters. Hardly distinct from 

F. heteroclittis, of which it is the northern representative. 
Cobitis macrole pidota Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 11, Long Island; 

after Schopf. 
Cobitis killifish Walbaum, loc. cit., 12, Long Island; after Schopf. 
Esox pisciculus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 440, 

New York. 
Esox pisculentus Mitchill, loc. cit., 441, New York. 
Hydrargyra nigrofasciata LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 

1817, 133, Newport, R. I. 
Fundulus viridescens DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 217, 

New York. 
Fundulus zebra DeKay, loc. cit., 218, New York. 

Hydrargyra ornata LeSueur, loc. cit., 131, Delaware River, near Phila- 
delphia. 

1341. Fundulus heteroclitus grandis Baird and Girard. 

Gulf coast of the United States. 

Fundulus grandis Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1853, 389, Indianola, Tex. 
Fundulus floridensis Girard, loc. cit., XI, 1859, 157, Charlotte Bay, Fla. 
Zygonedes funduloides Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891, 

85, pi. 35, fig. 3, Dickinson Bayou, Dickinson, Tex. 

1342. Fundulus heteroclitus badius Garnian. 

Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

Fimdulus heteroclitus badius Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 
1895, Grand Manan. 

1343. Fundulus majalis (Walbaum). Killifish; May fish; Rockfish; Catfish; 

Bass killy. 
Cape Cod to F'lorida, chiefly marine in shallow bays. 
Cobitis majalis Walbaum, Artedi Pise, II, 1792, 12, Long Island; 

after Mayfish Schopf. 
Esox flavulus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 439, New 

York. 
Esox zonatus Mitchill, loc. cit., 443, New York. 
Hydrargyra trifasciata Storer, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., I, 1837, 417, 

Massachusetts. 
Hydrargyra vernalis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 154 (206), pi. 531; probably South Carolina. 

1344. Fundulus ocellaris Jordan and Gilbert. 

Pensacola to Fort Myers, Fla. 

Fundulus ocellaris Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
254, Pensacola, Fla. 

1345. Fundulus parvipinnis Girard. 

Coast of California from Point Conception southward to Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

Fundulus parvipinnis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 
154, San Diego, Calif. 

1346. Fundulus parvipinnis brevis Osburn and Nichols. 

Magdalena Bay, Lower California. 

Fundulus parvipinnis brevis Osburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. 
Nat. Hist., XXV, 1916, 150, fig. 5, Magdalena Bay, Lower California. 

1347. Fundulus pallidus Evermann. 

Galveston Bay near Swan Lake, Tex. 

Fundulus pallidus Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish (Jom., XI, 1S91 (1892), 
S4, ])]. 35, Galveston Bay near Swan Lake, Tex. 

1348. Fundulus vinctus Jordan and Gilbert. 

Coast of Lower California. 

Fundulus vinctus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
355, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 177 

1349. Fundulus confluentus Goode and Bean. 

Streams of Florida. 

Fundulus confluentus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. IMus., II, 1879, 
118, Lake Monroe, Fla. 

1350. Fundulus albolineatus Gilbert. 

Tennessee Basin in Alabama. 

Fundulus albolineatus Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 (1891), 
149, Spring Creek, Huntsville, Ala. 

Subgenus GALASACEUS Fowler. 

1351. Fundulus similis (Baird and Girard). Sac-d-lait. 

Coast of the Gulf States. 

Hydrargyra similis Baird and Girard, Proe. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 
1853, 389, Indianola, Tex. 

Genus 444. ZTGONECTES Agassiz. 

Zygonectes Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1854, 135 {Semotilus oliraceus 
RsL{. = Se)notilus notatus Raf.). 

1352. Zygonectes notatus (Rafinesque). Top minnow. 

Michigan to Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas; generally abundant in 

ponds and canals. 
Semotilus notatus Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1S2G, 86, tributaries of 

Ohio River in Kentucky; vaguely described but recognizable. 
Paecilia o.ivac a Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1845 (1848), 

51, Florence, Ala. 
Fundulus tenellus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1853, 389, Prairie Mer Rouge, La., and Ru.ssellvilie, Ky. 
Zygonectes lateralis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 353, 

Mobile, Ala. 
Zygonectes zonatus Agassiz, loc. cit., 353, St. Louis, Mo. 
Zygonectes pulchellus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

113, Sugar Loaf Creek, Ark. 
Fundulus aurejis Cope, loc. cit., XVII, 1865, 78, Sugar Loaf Creek, Ark. 

1353. Zygonectes sciadicus (Cope). 

Middle Missouri River Basin; abundant in ponds and sluggisli creeks 

in eastern Nebraska and southeastern South Dakota. 
Fundulus sciadicus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 78, 

Platte River, Nebr. 
IJaplochilus floripinnis Cope, Proc. Amen Phil. Soc, XIV, 1874, 138, 

Platte River, at Denver, Colo. 
Zygonectes lineatus Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 88, 

northeastern Wyoming. 
Zygonectes macdonaldi ^leek, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889, 122, pi. 

42, fig. 1, Jones Creek, Dixon, Mo., Osage fork of Gasconade River 

at Mansfield, Mo. 
Fundulus scartes Meek, loc. cit., XV, 1895, 347, St. Francis River, Big 

Bay, Ark. 

1354. Zygonectes chrysotus (Holbrook). 

Coastwise swamps. South Carolina to Florida; rather common. 

Fundulus chrysotus Holbrook, in Giinthcr, Cat., VI, 1866, 317, Char- 
leston, S. C. 

Zygonectes henshalli Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 237, San 
Sebastian River, Fla. 

Gambusia arlingtonia Goode and Bean, loc. cit., 118, Arlington River, 
Fla. 

1355. Zygonectes cingulatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

New Jersey to Florida, in coastwise swamps, not rare; Escambia River 

at Flomaton, Ala. 
Fundulus cingulatus (Juvicr and Valencieinies, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 147 (197), United States. 
Zygonectes rubrifrons Jordan, Proc. IJ. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 237, San 

Sebastian River, Fla. 
Zygoneclcis auroyiUlatu's Hay, loc. cit., VIII, 1885, 656, Weslville, Fla. 



178 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1356. Zygonectes dispar Agassiz. Top minnow. 

Ntjrthcrn Ohio to Illinois, south to Mississippi; Maumee, Wabash, Big 

Black and Pearl Rivers. 
Zygonectes dispar Agassiz, Amer. .Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 353, 

creeks opposite St. Louis; Beardstown, 111. 

1357. Zygonectes nottii Agassiz. Star-headed minnow; Top minnow. 

Swamps and streams of Florida and neighboring States; not rare. 
Zygonectes nottii Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 353, 

Mobile, Ala. 
Zygonectes lineolatus Agassiz, loc. cit., 353, Augusta, Ga. 
Zygonectes hieroglyphicus Agassiz, loc. cit., 353, Mobile, Ala. 
Fiindulus zonatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 146 (196), interior of South Carolina; not Esox zonatus Mitchill. 
Zygonectes craticula Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 

433, Elbow Creek, a tributary of Indian River, eastern Florida. 
Zygonectes zonifer Jordan and Meek, loc. cit., VII, 1884, 482, Allapaha 

River, Nashville, Ga. 

1358. Zygonectes guttatus Aga.ssiz. 

Alabama. 

Zygonectes guttatus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 353, 

Mobile, Ala. 
Zygonectes escambix Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 463, 

Escambia River, Flomaton, Ala. 

1359. Zygonectes luciae (Baird). 

Atlantic coast from Long Island to Virginia; rare. 

Hydrargyra lucise Baird, Ninth Smithson. Rcpt., 1854, 344, Becsleys 
Point, N. J. 

1360. Zygonectes pulvereus Evermann. 

Coast of Texas. 

Zygonectes pulvereus Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891 (1892), 

85, Dickinson Bayou; Buffalo Bayou at Houston; Oso Creek at 
Corpus Christi, Tex. 

1361. Zygonectes jenkinsi Evermann. 

Coast of Texas. 

Zygonectes jenkinsi Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XI, 1891 (1892), 

86, Dickinson Bayou, arm of Galveston Bay, Tex. 

1362. Zygonectes limi (Vaillant) . 

Fundulus limi Vaillant, Bull. Soc. Philom. (8), VI, 1894, 71, Lower 

California. 
Fundulus meeki Evermann, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXI, 1908 (Jan. 

23), 25, fig. 1, San Ignacio, central Lower California. 

1363. Zygonectes melapleurus (Gosse). Ticky-licky. 

Streams of Jamaica. 

PoBcilia melapleura Gosse, Naturalists' Sojourn in Jamaica, 1851, 84, 
Jamaica. 

Subgenus FONTICOLA Jordan and Evermannn. 

1364. Zygonectes seminolis (Girard). 

Florida. 

Fundulus seminolis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 60, 
Palatka, eastern Florida. 

Subgenus MENONA Jordan and Evermann. 

1365. Zygonectes diaphanus (LcSucur). 

Maine to North Carolina in river mouths; New York to northern 

Illinois in lakes. 
Hydrargyra diaphana LeSueur, Jour. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 

130, Saratoga Lake, N. V. 
Hydrargyra multifaciata LeSueur, loc. cit., 131, Saratoga Lake, N. Y. 

1366. Zygonectes diaphanus ixienona (Jordan and Copeland). 

Streams and lakes of Ohio to Iowa, Minnesota, and South Dakota. 
Fundulus menona Jordan and Copeland, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XXIX, 1877, (is. Cattish River, Dane County, Wis., outlet of Lake 

Menona, Madison, Wis. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 179 

Subgenus GAMBUSINUS Jordan and Evermann. 

1367. Zygonectes rathbuni (Jordan and Meek). 

Eastern North Carolina, abundant in spring brooks, not descending 
to salt water. 

Fundulus rathbuni Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 
356, Reedy Fork, AUemance Creek, Buffalo Creek, and other tribu- 
taries of the Cape Fear River, about Greensboro, N. C. 

1368. Zygonectes extensus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Coast of Lower California. 

Fundulus extensus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
355, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

Genus 445. XENISMA Jordan. 

Xenisma Jordan, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Hist., 1S7G, 142 (X. stellifera 
Jordan) . 

1369. Xenisraa catenatum (Storer). Studfish. 

Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers and clear streams of the Ozark 

Mountains. 
Poecilia catenata Storer, Svnopsis, 18-46, 430, Tennessee River, Florence, 

.\la. 

1370. Xenisraa stellifer Jordan. Studfish. 

Alabama River and tributaries. 

Xenisma stellifera Jordan, .\nn. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876, 322, 
Etowah and Oostanaula Rivers, Rome, Ga. 

Genus 446. PLANCTERUS Garman. 

Planderus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 96 {Fundulus 
kansse Garman). 

1371. Plancterus zebra (Girard). 

Kansas, western Iowa and South Dakota to Texas and New Mexico, 

in upper tributaries of Kansas and Red Rivers. 
Hydrargyra zebra Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 61, 

tributaries of Rio Grande "between Fort Defiance and Fort Union, 

N. Me.x.," name preoccupied in Fundulus. 
Fundulus adinia Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 335, Rio Grande 

at Brownsville, Tex. 

1372. Plancterus kansae (Garman). 

J\ansas. 

Fundidus kansx Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zoo!., XIX, 1895, 103, 

pi. 2, fig. 10, Kansas. 
Fundulus zebrinus Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1882, 891; not of 

Girard. 

Genus 447. OXYZYGONECTES Fowler. 

Oxyzygonectes Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVIII, 1916, 
425 (Haplochilus dovii Giinther). 

1373. Oxyzygonectes balboae (Fowler). 

Panama; only one example known. 

Fundulus balbox Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVIII, 1916, 
423, fig. 2, Panama. 

1374. Oxyzygonectes dovii (Giinther). 

Coast of Costa Rica. 

Haplochilus dovii Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 316, Punta Arenas, Costa 
Rica. 

Genus 448. RIVULUS Poey. 

RivuluH Pocy, Memorias, II, 1861, 307, {R. cylindraceus Poey). 
Cynodonichlhys Meek, Field Col. Mus. Zool., V, 1904, 101 (C. tenuis 
Meek). 

1376. Rivulus cylindraceus Poey. 
Cuba. 
Rivulus cylindraceus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 308, stream at Mar- 

dazo, near Habana, Cuba. 
Rivulus marmoratun Poey, Anal. Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat., IX, 1880, 

248, Cuba. 



180 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1376. Rivulus heyei Nichols. 

Haiti. 

Rivulus heyei Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., XXXII, 1914, 
143, Haiti. 

1377. Rivulus isthmensis Garman. 

Streams of Panama and Costa Rica. 

Rivulus isthmensis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 140, 
Rio San Jose, Costa Rica. 

1378. Rivulus brunneus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Rivulus brunneus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
X, 1913, 86, Toro Point, Canal Zone, Panama. 

1379. Rivulus flabellic.auda Regan. 

Streams of Costa Rica. 

Rivulus jlabellicauda Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XIX, 1907, 64, 
Juan Vinas, Costa Rica. 

1380. Rivulus godmanni Regan. 

Rivulus godmanni Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 7th ser., XIX, 1907, 
6.5, Guatemala. 

1381. Rivulus tenuis (Meek). 

Cynodontichthijs tenuis Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 101, El 
Hule, Oaxaca, Mexico. 

1382. Rivulus harti (Boulenger). Rainfish; Small guahin. 

Mountain streams of Trinidad and Granada in rain-water pools. 
Haplochilus harti Boulenger, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., I, 1906, 389, PI. 
XXI, fig. 2, Trinidad. 

1383. Rivulus chucunaque Breder. 

Tuyra Basin, Pacific slope of Panama. 

Rivulus chucunaque Breder (C. M.), Amer. Mus. Novitates, No. CLXXX, 
July 6, 1925, fig. 6, Rio Chucunaque, near Yavisa, Darien, Panama. 
Rivulus chucunaque sucubti Breder, loc. cit., 8, fig. 7, Rio Sucubti, 
Darien, Panama. 
Genus 449. ADINIA Girard. 

Adinia Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 117 {A. multi- 
fasciata Girard). 

1384. Adinia multifasciata Girard. 

Gulf Coast, west Florida to Texas; locally abundant in shallow lagoons. 
Adinia muUifasciata Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

118, Galveston; St. Joseph Island, Indianola, Tex. 
Fundulus xenicus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 

255, Laguna Grande, Pensacola, Fla.; substitute for muUifasciata, 

preoccupied in Fundulus but not in Adinia. 
Genus 450. FLORIDICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Floridichthys Hul)bs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, July 9, 

1926, 16 {Cyprinodon carpio Giinther). 

1385. Floridichthys carpio (Giinther). 

Florida to Texas. 

Cyprinodon carpio Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 306, America. 
Cyprinodon niydrus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
433, Pensacola, Fla. 
Genus 451. JORDANELLA Goode and Bean. 

Jordanella Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 117 
(Jordanella floridse Goode and Bean). 

1386. Jordanella floridae Goode and Bean. 

Streams from Florida to Yucatan. 

Jordanella floridae Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 

117, Lake Monroe, Fla. 
Genus 452. CYPRINODON Lacepede. 

Cyprinodon Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 486 (C variegatus 

Lacepede) . 
Prinodon Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 88 {Cyprinodon variegatus 

Lacepede). 
Encrotes Gistel, Thierreich, IX, 1848 (Cyprinodon variegatus Lac^pSde). 
Trifarcius Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 306 (T. riverendi Poey). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 181 

1387. Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepede. Killifish; Pursy minnow; Sheeps- 

head minnoic; Variegated minnow; Mnmmichog. 
Cape Cod to Rio Grande, in bays, rarely entering streams. 
Cyprinodon variegatus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 486, South 

Carolina. 
Esox ovinus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 441, New 

York. 
Lebias ellipsoidea LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 6, 

Florida. 
Lebias rhomboidalis Valenciennes, in Humboldt, Obs. Zool. Phil. Mag., 

II, 1810 (1811), 100, Lake Pontchartrain, La. 
Cyprinodon gibbosus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VI, 1853, 390, Indianola, Tex. 

1388. Cyprinodon riverendi (Poey). 

Cuba and Florida Keys; common at Key West in shallow shore waters. 
Trifarcius riverendi Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 306, Habana; scarcely 
distinct from C. variegatus. 

1389. Cyprinodon dearborni Meek. 

Curasao, Dutch West Indies. 

Cyprinodon dearborni Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., VII, 1909, 
208, Willemstad, Curasao, Dutch West Indies. 

1390. Cyprinodon felicianus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Trifarcius felicianus Poey, Synopsis, 1867, 412, Habana, Cuba. 

1391. Cyprinodon latifasciatus Garman. 

Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. 

Cyprinodon latifasciatus Garman, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., VIII, 1881, 
No. 3, 92, Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. 

1392. Cyprinodon bovinus Baird and Girard. 

Leon Spring in Routhwestern Texas. 

Cyprinodon bovinus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
VI, 1853, 389, Leon Spring, Tex. 

1393. Cyprinodon martee Steindachner. 

Santa Marta, coast of Colombia, South America. 

Cyprinodon mnrtx Steindachner, Ichth. Bcitr., IV, 1875, 61, Santa 
Marta, Rio Cavica. 

1394. Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilis P'owler. 

Streams of Texas. 

Cyprinodon boinnus rubrofluviatilis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

LXVIII, 1916, 430, fig. 4, Rio Brazos, Seymour, Tex., and Red 

River, Tulip and Clarenden, Tex. 

1395. Cyprinodon elegans Baird and Girard. 

Tributaries of the Rio Grande. 

Cyprinodon elegans Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., 

VI, 1S53, 389, Comanche Spring, Tex. 
Cyprinodon eiimius Girard, loc. cit., XI, 1859, 158, Chihuahua River, 

Mexico. 

1396. Cyprinodon niacularius Baird and Girard. 

Sj)rings and streams of the desert, from .southern Nevada to Sonora, 

locally abundant, often found in Artesian water and desert water 

holes in southwestern California. 
Cyprinodon macularius Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VI, 18.53, 389, Rio San Pedro, Ariz. 
Cyprinodon californiensis Girard, loc. cit., XI, 1859, 158, San Diego 

County, Calif., probably from Salt Springs in the desert (now 

Iin|)erial County). 
Lucnnia browni Jordan and Richardson, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXXIII, 

1908, 319, hot spring in southeastern California. 

1397. Cyprinodon nevadensis Kigenmann. 

Death Valley. 

Cyprinodon nevadensis Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., I, 1889, 
270, Saratoga Springs, Death Valley, Inyo County, Calif. 



182 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1398. Cyprinodon baileyi Gilbert. 

Pahranagat Valley, Nev. 

Cyprinodon macidarius baileyi Gilbert, Death Valley Exped., 1893, 233, 
Pahranagat Valley, Nev. 

Family 114. EMPETRICHTHYIDiE 

Genus 453. EMPETRICHTHYS ^* Gilbert. 

Empetrichthys Gilbert, Death Valley Exped., Fishes, 1893, 233 {E. 
merriami Gilbert. 

1399. Empetrichthys merriami Gilbert. 

Death Valley in southeastern California. 

Empetrichthys merriami Gilbert, Death Valley Exped., in North 
American Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, 234, Ash Meadows, Amargosa 
Desert, on boundary between California and Nevada. 

Family 115. GOODEID^ 

Genus 454. ZOOGONETICUS Meek. 

Zoogoneticus Meek, Field Col. Mus., ZooL, III, 1902, 91 (Z. diazi Meek). 

1400. Zoogoneticus dugesii (Bean). 

Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Fundulus dugesii Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 373, pi. 20, 
Guanajuato, Mexico. 

1401. Zoogoneticus diazi Meek. 

Lakes of Michoacan, Mexico. 

Zoogoneticus diazi Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 93, figured 

in Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 114, fig. 32, Lake Patzcuaro, 

Mexico. 
Zoogoneticus miniatus Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., V, 1914, 

115, fig. 33, Lake Zirahuen, Mexico. 

1402. Zoogoneticus robustus (Bean). 

Rio Lerma, Guanajuato. 

Fundulus robustus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XV, 1892, 285, pi. 

44, "fig. 2, Guanajuato, Mexico. 
Zoogoneticus maculatus Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7), XIII, 1904, 

256, Rio Santiago (Lerma), Mexico. 

1403. Zoogoneticus quitzeoensis (Bean). 

Rio Lerma, Mexico. 

Platypoecilus qxdtzeoensis Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXI, 1899 (Nov. 
21, 1898), 540, fig. 1, Lake Quitzeo, Lerma Basin. 

Genus 455. GIRARDINICHTHYS Bleeker. 

Girardinichthys Bleeker, Act Soc. Sci. Indo-Nederl., VII, 1860, 481 

(G. innominalus Bleeker, after a " Lucania sp." of Girard). 
Limnurgus Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 309 (L. variegatus Gunther = 

Girardinichthys Bleeker). 

1404. Girardinichthys innominatus Bleeker. 

Valle of Mexico. 

Lucania sp., Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 118, City 

of Mexico. 
Girardinichthys innominatus Bleeker, Act. Soc. Sci. Indo-Nederl., 

VII, 1860, 481, City of Mexico. 
Limnurgus variegatus Gimther, Cat., VI, 1866, 309, City of Mexico. 
Characodon geddcsi Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XIII, 1904, 257, 

Xociiomilco, Morelos, Mexico. 

Genus 456. CHARACODON Gunther. 

(Jhuracodon (iiiiitlier, (^at., VI, 1SG6, 308 (C lateralis Giinther). 



i^This genus apparently a desert derivative of the extinct genus, Parafundultu, has probably no afBnity 
with Orestias of Peru. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 183 

1405. Characodon variatus Bean. 

Tributaries of Rio Lerma about Guanajuato, Mexico; locally common. 

Characodon variatus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 370, pi. 20, 
fig. 1, Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Characodon ferrugineus Bean, loc. cit., 372, pi. 20, figs. 3 and 4, Guana- 
juato, Mexico. 

Characodon eiseni Rutter, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2d ser., VI, 1896, 266, 
branch of the Rio Grande de Santiago at Tepic, Mexico. 

1406. Characodon lateralis Gunther. 

Streams of Central America. 

Characodon lateralis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 308, Central America. 

1407. Characodon garmani Jordan and Evermann. 

Tributaries of Rio Grande in Coahuila, Mexico. 

Characodon garmani Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. 
Amer., Ill, 1898, 2831, Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. 

1408. Characodon furcidens Jordan and Gilbert. 

Cape San Lucas southward to Colima, Mexico. 

Characodon furcidens Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 
1882, 354, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

Genus 457. LERMICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Lermichthys Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, July 9, 
1926, 18 {Characodon multiradiatus Meek). 

1409. Lermichthys multiradiatus (Meek). 

Rio Lerma Basin, Mexico. 

Characodon multiradiatus Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 119, 

Rio Lerma, Mexico. 
Girardinichihys limnurgus Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. .\cad. 

Sci., 4th ser., XVI, Apr. 27, 1927, 502, Lake I^rma, Mexico. 

Genus 458. BALSADICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Balsailirhlhi/.f Hubbs, I'liiv. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Pub. No. 16, Julv 
0, 1926, 19 {(loodca whitei Meekj. 

1410. Balsadichthys whitei (Meek). 

Rio de las Balsas Basin, Mexico. 

Gooden whitei Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 137, fig. 40, Rio 
Balsas, Vantcpec, Cuautla, Mexico. 

Genus 459. SKIFFIA Meek. 

Skiffia Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 102 {S.lermse Meek). 

1411. Skiffla variegata Meek. 

Lake Zirahuen, Mexico. 

Rkiffia variegata xMeek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 143, Lake 
Zirahuen, Mexico. 

1412. Skiffla lermee Meek. 

:Skiffia lermae Meek, Field Col. Mus,, Zool., Ill, 1902, 102, Lake Patz- 
cuaro (Rio Ivcrma), Mexico. 

1413. Skiffla bilineata (Bean). 

Rio Lerma, Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Characodon bilinealus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 371, 
Guanajuato, Rio Lerma, Mexico. 

1414. Skiffla multipunctata (Pellegrin). 

Rio Lerma system; Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

Xenendurn multipunctalum Pellegrin, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, 1901, 
205, Jalisco, Mexico. 

Genus 460. GOODEA Jordan. 

Goodea Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 299 (G. alripinnis 

Jordan). 
Xenendurn Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1899, 128, 

fig. 9 (1906) {X. xaleicone = C haracodon luitpoldi Steindachner). 

1415. Qoodea atripinnis Jordan. 

Tributaries of Rio Lerma, Pacific slope, Mexico. 

Goodea atripinnis Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 299, Leon, 
Guanajuato, Mexico. 



184 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1416. Qoodea calientis (Jordan and Snyder). 

Streams of central Mexico. 

Xenendum rnlicnte Jordan and Snvder, Bull. U. 8. Fish Com., XIX, 
1S09, 127, fig. S, .Vguas Calientes, Mexico. 

1417. Qoodea luitpoldi (Stpiiulachnei;). 

Basin of Rio Lerina, Mexico. 

Characodon luitpoldi Steindachner, Einige Fischarten Mexicos, 1895, 12, 

pi. 3, figs. 3-36, Lago de Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico. 
Xenendum xaliscone Jordan and Snyder, Bull. V. S. Fish Com., XIX, 

1899 (1901), 128, fig. 9, Laguna de Chapala, near Ocotlan, Jalisco, 

Mexico. 

1418. Qoodea toweri Meek. 

Rio Panuco, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 

Goodea toweri Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 138, fig. 41, Rio 
Verde, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 

1419. Qoodea captiva Hubbs. 

Panuco Basin, Mexico. 

Goodea captiva Hubbs, Occ. Papers, Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., No. 148, 
1924, 4; u})per tributary of the Rio Panuco at Jesus Maria, Mexico. 

Family 116. P(ECILIID.ffi. Top minnows 

Genus 461. BELONESOX Kner. 

Belonesox Kner, Sitzungsber., Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 1860, XL, 419 
{B. belizanus Kner). 

1420. Belonesox belizanus Kner. 

Southern Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala. 

Belone.sox belizanu.s Kner, Sitzungsber., Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, XL, 
1860, 419, with figure, Belize; largest of the Poeciliida\ 

Genus 462. CHAPALICHTHYS Meek. 

VhapalichthyH Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 97 {Characodon 
cucaustu.s Jordan and Snyder). 

1421. Chapalichthys encaustus (Jordan and Snyder). 

Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

Characodon encaustus Jordan and Snyder, Bull. V. S. Fish Com., XIX, 
1899 (1901), 126, Laguna de C-hapala, near Ocotlan, Jalisco, Mexico. 

Genus 463. HETEROPHALLUS Regan. 

Heterophallus Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (8), XV, 1914, 66 (//. 
rachovii Regaft). 

1422. Heterophallus rachovii Regan. 

Streams of eastern Mexico. 

Heterophallus rachovii Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (8), XV, 1914, 
66, Fig. A, Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Genus 464. GAMBUSIA Poey. Guajacones. 

Gamhnsia Poey, Meniorias, I, 1854, 382 (G. punctata Poey). 
Hemixiphophorus Bleeker, Nat. Tijdschr. Neder. -Indie, XX, 1854, 440; 

type not named. 
Paragambusia Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 133 {Gambusia 

nicaraguensis Ciinther) . 
HeterophalHna Hubbs (subgenu.s), Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. 

No. 16, July 9, 1926 {Gambusia regard Hulbs). 
Arthrophallus Hubbs (subgenus), loc. cit., 3S {Heterandria patruelis 

Baird and Girard). 
Schizophallus Hubbs (subgenus), loc. cit., 40 {Gambusia holbrookii 

Girard) . 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 185 

1423. Gambusia patruelis (Baird and Girard). Toip minnow; Mosqtiitofish. 

Ditches, marshes, and lagoons, South Atlantic and Gulf States, lowland 

streams of the southwest; lower Mississippi from St. Louis to 

Louisiana and the Rio Grande. Introduced from Galveston into 

Hawaii, California, P^ormosa, Luzon, etc., a very effective mosquito 

killer. 
Heterandria patruelis Baird and Girard, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VI, 1853, 390, Rio Sabinal, Rio Nueces, and Elm Creek, Tex. 
Heterandria ajfinis Baird and Girard, loc. cit., 390, Rio Medina and 

Rio Salado, Tex. 
?Gambusia speciosa Girard, loc. cit., 1859, 121, Rio San Diego, Nuevo 

Leon, Mexico. 
IGamhusia gracilis Girard, loc. cit., 1859, 121, Matamoros, Mexico; 

name preoccupied. 
Gambusia humilis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 334; substitute for gracilis. 
Haplochilus melanops Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, 1870, 457, Neuse 

River, N. C. 
Zygonectes (Micristius) brachypterus Cope, Bull., U. S. Nat. Mus., XX, 

1880, 34, Trinity River, Fort Worth, Tex. 
Zygonectes inurus Jordan, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., 1882, 143, Cache 

Creek, southern Illinois. 
Gambusia modesta Ahl, Blatter fiir Aquarium- und Terrariakunde, 

XXXVI, 1923, 220, 
Gambusia myersi Ahl, loc. cit., 1925, 36, with figure (substitute for 

modesta preoccupied) . 

1424. Gambusia holbrookl (Girard). Holbrook's top minnow. 

New Jersey to Florida and .\labama. 

Heterandria holbrooki Agassiz, in Girard, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XI, 1859, 61, Charleston, S. C. 
Haplochilus melanops Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 457, 

Neu.se River, N. C. 
Zygonectes atrilatus Jordan and Bravton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

i878, 84, Neu.se River, Goldsboro, N. C. 

1425. Gambusia nobilis (Baird and Girard). 

Hclernuilria nnhilis Baird and Girard, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 
1S53, 390, I>cona and Comanche Spring, Rio Grande, Tex. 

1426. Gambusia senilis Girard. 

Rio Grande Ba^in. 

Gambusia senilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 122, 
Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Subgenus HEMIXIPHOPHORUS Bleeker. 

1427. Gambusia gracilis (Heckel). 

Lowland streams of eastern Mexico. 

Xiphophorus gracilis Heckel, Sitzungsber. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wier, I, 

1848, 300, taf. 9, figs. 3 and 4, Orizaba, Mexico. 
Gambusia heckeli Bleeker, Fam. Cypr., 1860, 485. 

Subgenus GAMBUSIA Poey. 

1428. Gambusia punctata P<jey. Guajacon. 

Cuba. 

Gambusia punctata Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 384, Rio Almendares, 

Cuba. 
Gambusia picturata Poey, Repertorio, 1868, 410, San Diego de los 

Bafios, Cuba. 
Gambusia punctata punctulata Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

XlX, 1895, 87, Remcdios, Cuba. 

1429. Gambusia puncticulata Poey. 

Streams of Cuba. 

(iambasia puncticulata Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 386, Cuba. 

1430. Gambusia melapleura (Gosse). Ticky-ticky. 

Streams of Jamaica; locally common. 

Fcecilia melapleura Gosse, Naturalist's Sojourn iu Jamaica, 1851, 84, 
Jamaica. 



18G U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1431. Gambusia nicaraguensis Giinther. 

Southern Mexico and Central America. 

Ciambusia iiicaraguensis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 366, Lake of Nicaragua. 

Gambusia dovii Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lend., 1913, 986, Lake Nica- 
ragua. 

Gambusia yucatana Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 8th ser., XIV, 1914, 
67, Progrcso, Yucatan. 

1432. Gambusia mcnieli Fowler. 

Panama. 

Gambusia mcnieli Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXVIII, 1916, 
433, Panama. 

1433. Gambusia wrayi Regan. 

Jamaica. 

Gambusia wrayi Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913. 988, PI. XCIX, 
figs. 3, 4 and text fig. 168B, Jamaica. 

1434. Gambusia caymanensis Regan. 

West Indies. 

Gambusia caymanensis Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 990, Grand 
Cayman, West Indies. 

1435. Gambusia gracilior Regan. 

Jamaica. 

Gambusia gracilior Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 989, PI. XCIX, 
figs. 5, 6, and text fig. 16SC, Jamaica. 

1436. Gambusia dominicensis Regan. 

Haiti. 

Gambusia dominicensis Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 989, PI. 
XCIX, fig. 7 and text fig. 169C, San Domingo. 

1437. Gambusia oligosticta Regan. 

Jamaica. 

Gambusia oligosticta Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 988, PI. 
XCIX, figs. 1, 2, and text fig. 169B, Jamaica. 

1438. Gambusia manni Hubbs. 

Bahamas. 

Gambusia manni Hubbs, Copeia, 1927, 62, New Providence, one of the 
Bahamas. 

Subgenus HETEROPHALLINA Hubbs. 

1439. Garabusia regani Hubbs. 

Rio Panuco, northwestern Mexico. 

Gambusia regani Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Pub. No. 16, 
July 9, 1926, 28, Forlon, Tamaulipas, Mexico, in the River Forlon. 

1440. Gambusia vittata Hubbs. 

Santa Engracia, Tamaulipas, Mexico. 

Gambusia vittata Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, 
July 9, 1926, 26, Rio Forlon, at Forlon, Tamaulipas, Mexico. 

1441. Gambusia panuco Hubbs. 

Rio Panuco, Mexico. 

Gambusia panuco Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, 
July 9, 1926, 30, Rio Valles, at Valles, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 

Genus 465. BRACHYRHAPHIS Regan. 

Braclnjrhaphis Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 997 {Gambusia 
rhabduphora Regan). 

1442. Brachyrhaphis terrabensis (Regan). 

Pacific streams of Costa Rica. 

Gambusia terrabensis Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XIX, 1907, 
260, Rio Grande de Terraba, Costa Rica. 

1443. Brachyrhaphis rhabdophora (Regan). 

Costa Rica. 

Gambusia rhabdophora Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (8), II, 1908,457 
Volcano of Tenorio and Rio Grande de Terral)a. Costa Rica. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 187 

1444. Brachyrhaphis olomina (Meek). 

Valley of the Rio Grande de Tarcoles, Costa Rica. 

Priapichthys olomina Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zoo!., X, 1912, 114, 
Las Canas, Alajuela, Costa Rica. 

1445. Brachyrhaphis episcopi (Steindachner). 

Isthmus of Panama at Obispo station, and streams of the Pacific slope 

of Panama. 
Gambusia episcopi Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., VI, 1878, 9, Obispo near 

Panama. 
Gambusia latipunciata Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., X, 1913, 87, Arrijan, Panama. 

1446. Brachyrhaphis cascajalensis (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Streams of Atlantic slope of Panama. 

Gambusia cascajalensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1913, 86, Rio Cascajal, Panama. 

1447. Brachyrhaphis parismina (Meek). 

Costa Rica. 

Gambusia parismina Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 1912, 71, 
Costa Rica. 

Genus 466. TRIGONOPHALLUS Hubbs. 

Trigone phallus Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, 
July 9, 1926, 48 (T. punctifer Hubbs). 

1448. Trigonophallus punctifer Hubbs. 

Streams of Pacific coast of Panama. 

Trigonophallus punctifer Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. 
No. 16, July 9, 1926, 49, Quibari Creek, Rio Secamola at Kakintin. 

Genus 467. PRIAPICHTHYS Regan. 

Priapirhthys RoKan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 991 (Gambusia 
aiincrlans RcRan). 

1449. Priapichthys annectens (Regan). 

Streams of Atlantic slope of Costa Rica. 

Gambusia annectens Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XIX, 1907 
250, Costa Rica. 

1450. Priapichthys annectens hesperis Hubbs. 

Streams of the Pacific slope of Costa Rica. 

Priapichthys annectens hesperis Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. 

Pub. No. 13, Jan. 18, 1924, 22, Rio Maria Aquilar, Rio Grande de 

Tancoles, and their mountain tributaries. 

1461. Priapichthys huberi Fowler. 
Nicaragua. 
Priapichthys huberi Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXXV, 1923 

27, Marceligo Creek, tributary of the Tunky River, at Miranda^ 

Nicaragua. 

Genus 468. PANAMICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Panamichthys Hubl)fi, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 13 
Jan. 18, 1924, 8 (Priapichthys panamensis Meek and Hildebrand). 

1452. Panamichthys panamensis (Meek and Hildebrand). 

I'riapichUnis panamrnsis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist 
Zool., X, 19 If,, :V2'2, Panama. '' 

Genus 469. PSEUDOXIPHOPHORUS Bleeker. 

Pseudoxiphophorus Bleeker, Ichth. Indice Prodr. Cypr., in Acata Societ. 

Scient. Indo-Noor., VII, 1859, 483 (Xiphophorus bimaculalus Heckel). 
Pacilodes Steindachner, Sitzungsbcr. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, XLVIII, 

1863, 176 (P. bimaculalus Steindachner). 

1453. Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatus (Heckel). 

(cntral .Mexico; l{io Blanco, Orizaba. 

Xi phophorus bimaculatus Heckel, Sitzungsbcr. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wicn 

I, 1848, pt. 3, 169, taf. 6, figs. 1 and 2, Mexico. 
Pseudoxiphophorus reticulatus Troschel, in Miller's Reisen Vereinigten 

Staaten, Canada, Mexico, III, 1865, 638, no locality. 



188 TT. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1454. Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatus teeniatus Regan. 

Streams of the Atlantic slope of southeastern Mexico. 
Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatus tseniatus Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 
(7), XVI, 1905, 303, Rio Touto and San Domingo de Guzman. 

1455. Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatus jonesi (Giinther). 

Streams of southeastern Mexico. 

Mollienisia jonesi Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (4), XIV, 1874, 371, 

Lake Alcuhuaca, Huamanita, Mexico. 
Pseudoxiphophorus pauciradiatus Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), 

X, 1904, 14, 296, Orizaba, Mexico. 

Genus 470. HETERANDRIA Agassiz. 

Heterandria Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVI, 1853, 135 {H.formosus 
Agassiz MS.; //. holbrooki Agassiz MS.). 

1456. Heterandria formosa Agassiz. 

Streams of South Carolina to Florida; one of the smallest of fishes. 
Heterandria formosa Agassiz, in Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XI, 1859, 62, Charleston, S. C; Palatka, Fla. 

Genus 471. PRIAPELLA Regan. 

Priapella Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 992 (Gambusia bonita 
Meek). 

1457. Priapella bonita (Meek). 

Streams of western Mexico; Rio Papaloapam, Motzorongo. 
Gambusia bonita Meek, Held Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 132, fig. 39, 
104, Refugio, Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Genus 472. ALLOGAMBUSIA Hubbs. 

Allognmbiisia Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 13, Jan. 
18, 1924, S {(lambusia tridentiger Garman). 

1458. AUogambusia cana (Meek and Hildcbrand). 

Streams of the Pacific slope of Panama. 

Gambusia cana Meek and Hildcbrand, Held Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 
1913, 87, Rio Satiganti, Cana, Panama. 

1459. AUogambusia tridentiger (Garman). 

Rivers of Panama. 

Gambusia tridentiger Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 89 
(PI. IV, fig. 10, teeth), rivers of Panama. 

Genus 473. TOXUS Eigenmann. 

Toxus Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 (1903), 226 (T. 

riddlei Eigenmann). 

1460. Toxus riddlei Eigenmann. 

Streams of western Cuba. 

Toxus riddlei Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 (1903), 
226, San Cristobal, Cuba. 

1461. Toxus cubensis (Eigenmann). 

Streams of western Cuba. 

Heterandria cubensis Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 
(1903), 227, Los Palacios, Cuba. 

Genus 474. GIARIDICHTHYS Garman. 

(llaridodon Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 40 (latidens); 

name preoccuj)ied. 
Glaridichlhys Garman, Amer. Nat., XXX, 1896,232 (same type). 

1462. Qlaridichthys uninotatus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

(lirardinus uninotatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 309, Cuba. 

1463. Qlaridichthys torralbasi Eigenmann. 

Streams of Pinar del Rio, Cuba. 

Glaridichlhys torralbasi Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 
f 190.3), 225, fig. 4, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. 

1464. Qlaridichthys falcatus Eigenmann. 

Streams of western Cuba. 

Glaridichlhys falcatus Eigenmann, Bull. T^. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 
(1903), 224, San Cristobal, Palacios, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 189 

Genus 475. GIRARDINUS Poey. 

Girardinus Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 383 {G. metallicus Poey). 

1465. Girardinus metallicus Poey. 

Streams of Cuba. 

Girardinus metallicus Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 387, Cuba. 

Girardinus denticulatus Garman, IMem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 

47, Remedios, Cuba. 
Girardinus creolus Garman, loc. cit., 47, Cuba. 
Girardinus garmani Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 

(1903), 296, Pinar del Rio, Palacios, Cuba. 

Genus 476. DARIENICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Darienichthys Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Pub. No. 13, 
Jan. 18, 1924, 8 {Gaynbusia darienensis Meek and Hildebrand). 

1466. Darienichthys darienensis (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Streams of Pacific slope, Panama. 

Gambusia darienensis Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., X, 1913, 116, 88, Rio Capeti (Tuyra River Basin), Panama. 

Genus 477. PCECILIOPSIS Regan. 

Poeciliopsis Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lend., 1913, 996 {Poecilia presidionis 

Jordan and Culver). 
Leptorhaphis Regan, loc. cit., 980, 998 {Gambusia infans Woolman). 

1467. Poeciliopsis occidentalis (Baird and Girard). 

Gila Basin, Ariz., and basins of Yaqui and Sonora Rivers, Sonora. 
Helcrandria occidentalis Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

VI, 1853, 390, Rio Santa Cruz, near Tucson, Ariz. 
Girardinus sonoriensis Girard, loc. cit., XI, 1859, 120, San Bernardino 

Creek, a tributary of the Rio Yacjui, Sonora. 

1468. Poeciliopsis infans (Woolman). 

Rio Lerma, Salamanca, Mexico. 

Gambusia infans Woolman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 62, Rio 
Lcrma, Salamanca, Mexico. 

1469. Poeciliopsis balsas Hubbs. 

Balsas Basin, Mexico. 

Poeciliopsis balsas Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pul). No. 16, 
July 9, 1926, 66, Rio Balsas, Guerrero, Mexico. 

1470. Poeciliopsis latidens (Garman). 

Chihuahua. 

Glaridodon latidens Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 40, 
Chihualuia, Mexico. 

1471. Poeciliopsis fasciata (Meek). 

Atlantic streams of southern Mexico. 

Gambusia fasciata Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1901, 129, fig. 37, 
San Geronimo, Oaxaca, Mexico. 

1472. Poeciliopsis turrubarensis (Meek). 

Costa Rica. 

Gambusia turrubarensis Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 1912, 71, 

Rio Turrubara, Costa Rica. 
Heterandria colombianus Eigenmann and Henn, Indiana Univ. Stud., 

No. 8, 1912, 27, brackish water, mouth of Rio Dagua, Colombia. 
Priapichthys fosteri Hildebrand, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLI, 1925, 260, 

figs. 14 and 15, Rio Lempa, San Marcos, El Salvador, Central America. 

1473. Poeciliopsis presidionis (Jordan and Culver). 

Ri(j Presidio, Sinaloa, Mexico. 

Poicilia presidionis Jordan and Culver, in Jordan, Fishes of Sinaloa, 

Proc, Calif. Acad. Sci., V, 1895, 413, pi. 29, Rio Presidio, Sinaloa, 

Mexico. 

Genus 478. PffiCILISTES Hubbs. 

P<£cilisles Hul)bs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, July 9, 
1926, 68 (Heterandria lulzi Meek). 

6424°— 29 13 



190 V. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1474. Pcecilistes pleurospilus (Giinther). 

Streams of Guatemala. 

Girardinus pleurospilus Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 353, Lake Duefias, 

Guatemala. 
Heterandria lutzi Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 148, fig. 47, 

Orizaba, Mexico. 
Priapichthys letonai Hildebrand, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLI, 1925, 

258, Rio San Miguel, San Salvador. 

Genus 479. AULOPHALIUS Hubbs. 

Axdophallus Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. No. 16, July 
9, 1926, 69 {Paecilia elongata Giinther). 

1475. Aulophallus elongatus (Giinther). 

Panama, a large marine species quite unlike PoEcilia in habits. 
Paecilia elongata GUnther, Cat., VI, 1866, 342, Panama. 

Genus 480. PHALLICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Phallichthys Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Pub. 13, Jan. 18, 
1924, 10, {Pceciliopsis isthmensis Regan). 

1476. Phallichthys amates (Miller). 

Motagua Basin, Guatemala. 

Paecilia aviates Miller, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., XXIII, 1907, 108, 

fig. 1, pond and its outlet, Los Amates, an affluent of the Motagua 

River, Guatemala. 

1477. Phallichthys pittieri (Meek). 

Costa Rica. 

Poicilia pittieri Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 1912, 71, La 

Junta, Costa Rica. 
Pceciliopsis isthmensis Regan, Proc, Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 997, PI. 

C, figs. 3, 4, and text fig. 171 B, Colon, Panama. 

Genus 481. XENOPHALLUS Hubbs. 

Xenophallus Hubbs, Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. Misc. Pub. 13, Jan. 18, 
1924, 10 {Gambusia umbratilis Meek.) 

1478. Xenophallus umbratilis (Meek). 

Streams of Costa Rica. 

Gambusia umbratilis Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 1912, 70, 
Costa Rica. 

Genus 482. PCECILIA Schneider. 

Paecilia Schneider, ed. Bloch, Syst. Ichth. 1801, 452 (P. vivipara Bloch 
and Schneider); not Poecilus of genus of beetles. 

Alazon Gistel, Thierreich, X, 1848 {Paecilia vivipara Schneider); sub- 
stitute for Paecilia, regarded as preoccupied. 

Acropaecilia Hilgendorf, Sitzungsb. Naturf. Freunde, 1889, 52 (Paecilia 
tridens Hilgendorf). 

Neopaecelia Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Pub. 13, 1924 {N. 
holacanthus Hubbs). 

1479. Poecilia vivipara Bloch and Schneider. 

Rivers of Brazil; Guiana; Martinique; Porto Rico. 

Poecilia vivipara Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 452, pi. 86, 
fig. 2, Surinam. 

Poecilia surinamensis Valenciennes, Humboldt, Observ. Zool., II, 1817, 
158, pi. 51, fig. 1, Surinam. 

Paecilia schneideri Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 
1846, 102 (135), Surinam. 

Neopoecilia holacanthus Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Pub. 
No. 13, Jan. 18, 1924, 11, based on material recorded as Paecilia vivi- 
para Evermann and Marsh, Bull., U. S. Fish Com., XX, 1900, first 
part (1902), 97, from Porto Rico (Ponce, Fijaro, Arroyo, and Hu- 
cares) . 

1480. Poecilia tridens Hilgendorf. 

Streams of Haiti. 

Poecilia (Acropaecilia) tridens Hilgendorf, Sitzungsb. Naturf. Freunde, 
1889, 52, Port au Prince. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 191 

Genus 483. LIMIA Poey. 

Limia Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 388 (L. cubensis Toey = P<Bcilia vittata 
Guichenot). 

1481. Liinia heterandria Regan. 

Santo Domingo. 

Limia heterandria Regan, Proe. Zool. Soc. Lend., 1913, 1017, PI. CI, 

"Venezuela"; locality probably wrong. 
Heterandria zonata Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., XXXIV, 

1915, 603, fig. 3, Santo Domingo. 

1482. Limia vittata (Guichenot). Faguito; Guajica. 

Streams of Cuba. 

Poecilia vittata Guichenot, in Ramon de la Sagra, Hist. Nat. Cuba, 

Poiss., 1853, 146, pi. 5, fig. 1, Cuba. 
Ldmia cubensis Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 388, Habana. 
Limia pavonina Poey, Enumeratio, 1876, 142, Habana. 

1483. Liinia perugiae (Evermann and Clark). 

Santo Domingo. 

Platypcecilus perugise Evermann and Clark, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XXX, 1906, 851, Santo Domingo. 

1484. Liinia caudofasciata Regan. 

Jamaica. 

Limia caudofasciata Regan, Proc, Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 1017, Jamaica. 

1485. Liinia nigrofasciata Regan. 

Limia nigrofanciata Regan, Proc, Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 1015, PI. CI, 
figs. 1, 2, 1913, Haiti. 

Ldmia arnoldi Regan, loc. cit., 1016, Miragodne, Haiti; young of nigro- 
fasciata. 

1486. Liinia ornata Regan. 

Limia ornata Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 1016, Haiti. 

1487. Liinia dominicensis (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Santo Domingo and Barbados. 

Pa^rilia dominicensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 99 (131), pi. 525, Santo Domingo. 
Pa-cilia melanogaster Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 345, locality unknown. 
Platypaecilus dominicensis Evermann and Clark, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XXX, 1906, 852, fig. 2, streams in San Francisco Mountains, Santo 

Domingo. 

1488. Liinia melanonotata Nichols and Myers. 

Santo Domingo. 

Limia melanonotata Nichols and Myers, Amer. Mus. Novitates, No. 79, 
1923, 1, Hi.spaniola. 

1489. Liinia versicolor (Gunther). 

Rivers of Haiti. 

(lirardinus versicolor Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 352, Santo Domingo. 

Genus 484. LEBISTE3 De Filippi 

Lchistes de Filippi, .\rcli. Zool. Anat. Fi.siol., I, 1862, 69 (L. poeciloides de 

Filippi). 
Acanthophacelus Eigenmann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXXII, 1907, 426 

(Pacilia reticidatus Peters). 

1490. Lebistes reticulatus (Peters). Millions; Bellyjish; Guppy and rainbow- 

fish of aquarists. 
Pools and streams of Barbados, Trinidad, and Venezuela. 
Pacilia reticulata Peters, Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1859, 412, 

Caracus, Venezuela. 
Lebistes pvciloides dc Filippi, Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol., I, 1861, 69, PI. 

IV, fig. 6, Barbado.s. 
Girardinus guppii Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 353, Trinidad; Venezuela. 
Acanthophacelus melanzonus Eigenmann, Ann. Carnegie Mus., VI, 1909, 

51, Georgetown Trenches, British Guiana. 

Genus 485. MOLLIENESIA LeSueur. 

Mollienesia LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 2 {Mollinesia 
latipinna LeSueur). 



192 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1491. Mollienesia latipinna LeStieur. Mudfish. 

.South Carolina to northern Mexico, in lowland swamps and streams. 
Mollincsia latipinna LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 3, 

New Orleans. 
Pcecilia multilineata LeSueur, loc. cit., 4, New Orleans. 
Poecilia Uncolata Girard, U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Ichth., 1859, 70, 

pi. 35, figs. 9 to 11, Rio Grande near Brownsville, Tex. 
Liviia pacciloides Girard, loc. cit., 70, pi. 38, figs. 8 to 14, Indianola, Tex. 
Limia matainorensis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

117, Matamoras. 

1492. Mollienesia gracilis Regan. 

Lake Peten, Guatemala. 

Mollinesia petenensis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 348, Lake Peten; not 

Poecilia petenensis Giinther, also a Mollienesia. 
Mollinesia gracilis Regan, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1913, 1012; substitute 

name. 

1493. Mollienesia petenensis (Giinther). 

Lake Peten, Guatemala. 

Pcecilia petenensis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 342, Lake Peten, Guatemala; 
not Mollinesia petenensis Giinther, loc. cit., 348. 

1494. Mollienesia formosa (Girard). 

Mexico; Lake Alcohuaca, Huamantla, Mexico; Palo Alto. 
Limia formosa Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 115, Palo 
Alto, Mexico. 

1495. Mollienesia spilura (Giinther). 

Streams of Central America. 

Poecilia spilurus Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 345, Central America. 

1496. Mollienesia velifera Regan. 

Yucatan. 

Mollinesia velifera Regan, Ann. Mag.' Nat. Hist., 8th ser., XIII, 1914, 
338, Progreso, Yucatan. 

1497. Mollienesia sphenops (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Lowland streams of Mexico and Central America. 

Poecilia sphenops Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1836, 98 (130), 525, Vera Cruz. 
Molinesia fasciata Miiller and Troschel, Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 

1844, 36, Mexico. 
Pcecilia mexicana Steindachner, Sitzungsb., Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 

XLVIII, 1863, 178, taf. 4, fig. 2, southern Mexico. 
Pcecilia thermalis Steindachner, loc'. cit., 181, warm springs in Cehtral 

America. 
Xiphophorus gillii Kner and Steindachner, Abhandl. Bayer. Akad. 

Wiss., X, 1864, 28, taf. 4, fig. 1 (1866), Rio Chagres, Panama. 
Gambusia modesta Troschel, in Miiller's Reisen Vereinigten Staaten, 

Canada and Mexico, III, 1865, 639, Mexico. 
Poecilia chisoyensis Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 342, Rio Chisoy, Vera 

Paz. 
Gambusia plumbea Troschel, loc. cit., Ill, 1865,640, Mexico. 
Poecilia dovii Giinther, loc. cit., VI, 1866, 344, Lake Nicaragua; Lake 

Amatitlan. 
Platypoecilus mentalis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXVIII, 1876, 

335, Isthmus of Panama. 
Poecilia boucardi Steindacimer, Ichth. Beitr., VI, 1878, 8, Colon (or 

Aspinwall) . 
Poecilia limanlouri Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 

1899, 129, fig. 10, Rio Tamesin, Tampico, Mexico. 
Poecilia butleri Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 330, Rio 

Presidio, Mazatlan. 
Platypcpcilus tropicus Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., VII, 1907, 146, Tur- 

rialba, Costa Rica. 
Poecilia tenuis Meek, loc. cit., 147, San Jose, Costa Rica. 
Poecilia salvatoris Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XIX, 1907, 65, 

Salvador. 
Poecilia spilonota Regan, loc. cit., 8th ser., II, 1908, 460, San Jose. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 193 

1498. MoUienesia sphenops cuneata (Garman). 

Turbo, Gulf of Darien. 

PaecUia cuneata Garman, Mom., INhu':. Comp. Zool., XIX, 1895, 62, PI. 
V, fig. 3, teeth, Turbo, Gulf of Darien. 

1499. MoUienesia sphenops vandepolli (Van Lindth de Jevuie). 

Tropical America, abundant in fresh-water pools. 

Poecilia vandepolli Van Lindth de Jeude, Notes, Leyden Mus., IX, 1887, 

137, Freshwater, Curagao. 
Poecilia vandepolli arubensis Van Lindth de Jeude, loc. cit., 138, Aruba, 

one of the Leeward Islands. 

Genus 486. ALFARO Meek. 

Petalosoma Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (8), II, 1908, 462 (P. cul- 

tratum Regan, name preoccupied). 
Alfaro Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, September, 1912, 72 

{A. acutiveniris Meek). 
Petalurichthys Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., X, November 1912, 494 

{Petalosoma cultratum Regan; substitute for Petalosoma preoccupied). 

1500. Alfaro cultratus (Regan). 

Streams of Costa Rica. 

Petalosoma cultratum Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XI, 1908, 458, 

Rio Irociuois, Costa Rica. 
Alfaro acutiventralis Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 1912, 72, 

Co.sta Rica. 

Genus 487. PIATYPOECILUS Gunther. 

Plaiypa'cilus Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 350 (P. maculaius Gunther). 

1501. Platypoecilus maculatus Gunther. Moonfish of the aquarists, 

Mexico. 

Platypoecilus maculatus Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 350, Mexico. 

Platypoecilus variatus Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 145, 146, 
San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 

Platypoecilus 7naculutus immaculatus Myers, Copeia, No. 113, Dec 20, 
1922, 89, a form developed in an aquarium, therefore without stand- 
ing in scientific nomenclature. 

1502. Platypoecilus couchianus (Girard). 

l{io Grande Basin. 

Limia couchiana Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 116, 
Rio San Juan, at Cadereita and Monterey, in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 

Genus 488. XIPHOPHORUS Heckel. 

XiphophoTus Heckel, Sitzungsb. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, I, 1848, pt. 
3, 163 (A', helliri Heckel). 

1503. Xiphophorus helleri Heckel. Swordtail. 

Lowland streams of southern Mexico and Guatemala, of Atlantic 

drainage. 
Xiphophorus helleri Heckel, Sitzungsb. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, I, 

1848, pt. 3, 163, pi. 5, Rio Chisoy, Guatemala. 
Xiphophorus jalapx Meek, Field" Col. Mus., Zool,, III, 1902, 107, 

Jalapa. 

1504. Xiphophorus helleri guntheri (Jordan and Evermann) 

Rivers of eastern slope of Guatemala. 

Xiphophorus guntheri Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. 
Amer., 1896, 702, Rio Chisoy (Usumacinta), Guatemala. 

1505. Xiphophorus helleri strigatus (Regan). 

.\tlantic slope of southern Mexico. 

Xiphophorus strigatns Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XIX, 1907, 

65; streams of Atlantic slope of southern Mexico; Cordoba, (}axaca, 

etc. 

1506. Xiphophorus helleri rachovii (Regan). 

Atlantic slope of Guatemala. 

Xiphophorus rachovii Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (8), VIII, 1911, 
374, Puerto Barrios between Lake Yzabal and Rio Motagua. 



194 r. s. BUREAtr or fisheries 

1507. Xiphophorus helleri brevis (Regan). 

British Honduras. 

XiphophorHs hrevis Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XIX, 1907, 65, 
British Honduras. 

1508. Xiphophorus montezumae Jordan and Snyder. 

Rio Panuc'o, eastern Mexico. 

Xiphophorus montezumae Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 
XIX, 1899 (1900), 131, fig. 11, Rio Panuco, Mexico. 

Family 117. ANABLEPID^. Four-eyed fishes 

Genus 489. ANABLEPS (Gronow) Scopeli. 

Anableps Gronow, in Scopeli, Introd. Hist. Nat., 1777, 450 (no type 
mentioned; A. anableps L. understood). 

1509. Anableps anableps Linnajus. Cuatro ojos; Four-eyed fish. 

Trinidad to Brazil; in streams. 

Anableps anableps Linnteus, Syst. Nat., ed. 9, 1756, 55. 
Anableps tetrophthalmus Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, VIII, 1794, 
7, pi. 361. 

1510. Anableps dowei Gill. Cuatro ojos. 

Streams of Central America, locally common (Salvador-Chiapas, 

Guatemala). 
Anableps dowei Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 4, La 

Union, Salvador. 

Family 118. AMBLYOPSID.ffl. Cave blindfishes 

Genus 490. CHOLOGASTER Agassiz. 

Chologaster Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVI, 1853, 135 (C. cornutus 

Agassiz) . 

1511. Chologaster cornutus Agassiz. Fish of the rice ditches of South Atlantic 

States. 
Lowland swamps of the Southern States, from the Dismal Swamp to 

the Okefinokee Swamp; locally very abundant. 
Chologaster cornutus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVI, 1853, 135, 

ditch in a rice field in South Carolina. 

1512. Chologaster avitus Jordan and Jenkins. Fish of Dismal Swamp. 

Streams and swamps from southeast Virginia southward, probably 

varying into C. cornutus. 
Chologaster avitus Jordan and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 

356, pi. 44, fig. 8, outlet of Lake Drummond, Dismal Swamp, near 

Sufi"olk, Va. 

Genus 491. FORBESELLA Jordan and Evermann. 

Forbesella Jordan and Evermann, Proc, Calif. Acad. Sci., 4th ser., XVI, 
1927 (Apr. 27), 503 {Chologaster papilliferus Forbes). 

This genus stands between the ancient type of Chologaster well colored 
and with developed eyes, and the colorless blind fishes of the caves 
of the middle west. From Chologaster, Forbesella differs in the pres- 
ence of tactile papillai as in Amblyopsis. 

1513. Forbesella papillifera (Forbes). Cavefish. 

Cave springs, Union and Pope Counties, 111. 

Chologaster papilliferus Forbes, Amer. Nat., XVI, January, 1882, 1, 
cave spring in Union County, southern Illinois. 

1514. Forbesella agassizii (Putnam). 

Underground streams of Tennessee and Kentucky. 

Chologaster agassizii Putnam, Amer. Nat., VI, 1872, 30, PI. 2, figs. 
4, 4a, 4b, from a well at Lebanon, Tenn. 

Genus 492. TYPHLICHTHYS Girard. 

Typhlichthys Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 63 {T. 
aubterraneus Girard). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 195 

1616. Typhlichthys subterraneus Girard. Small blindfish. 

Subterranean streams in limestone regions of Indiana, Kentucky, 

Tennessee, Missouri, and Alabama. 
Typhlichthys subterraneus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 
1859, 63, well at BowUng Green, Ky. 

1616. Typhlichthys osborni Eigenmann. 

Horse Cave, near Mammoth Cave, Ky. 

Typhlichthys osborni Eigenmann, Biol. Bull., VIII, 1905, 65, figs. 3 and 
4, Horse Cave, Ky. 

1617. Typhlichthys wyandotte Eigenmann. 

Well near Corydon, Ind. 

Typhlichthys wyandotte Eigenmann, Biol. Bull., VIII, 1905, 63, Corydon, 
Ind. 

Genus 493. TROGLICHTHYS Eigenmann. 

Troglichthys Eigenmann, A Case of Convergence, Science, new series, 
IX, 1899, 282 {Typhlichthys rosae Eigenmann). 

1618. Troglichthys rosae (Eigenmann). Missouri cavefish. 

Typhlichthys rosae Eigenmann, Science, new series, IX, 1899, No. 217, 
282, caves in Missouri. 

Genus 494. AMBLYOPSIS DeKay. 

Amblyopsis DeKav, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 187 (A. spelaeus 
DeKay) . 

1619. Amblyopsis spelaeus DeKay. Mammoth Cave blindfish. 

Subterranean streams of the limestone regions of Kentucky and Indiana; 

River Styx, Mammoth Cave; the largest species of the group. 
Amblyopsis spelaeus DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 187, 

Mammoth Cave, Ky. 

Order EE. SYNENTOGNATHI 
Family 119. BELONID.S. Houndflshes; Needlefishes 

Genus 495. STRONGYLURA Van Hasselt. 

Strongylura Van Has.selt, Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, II, 1824, 374 {S. 
caudimac ulala Van Hasselt = fleione strongylura Van Hasselt, 1823). 

1620. Strongylura notata (Poey). Needlefish; Longjaws; Gar. 

West Indies, north to Pensacola; common about Key West. 
Belone notata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 293, Cuba. 

1621. Strongylura scapularis (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Tylosurus scapularis Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 
1881, 307, Panama. 

1622. Strongylura timucu (Walbaum). Timucu; Peixe agulha. 

Florida Keys to Brazil; not rare. 

Timucu or Peixe agulha Marcgrave, Hist. Pise. Brasil., 1648, 168, 

Brazil. 
Esox timucu Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 88, Brazil; after Timucu 

of Marcgrave. 
Belone subtruncala Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 295, Habana. 
Belone depressa Poey, loc. cit., 296, Cuba. 
Tylosurus sagitta Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 

25, Key West. 
Belone ardeola Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 315 (425), Porto Rico. 
Belone cigonella Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 323 (436), Porto 

Rico. 
Belone almeida Quoy and Gaimard, Voy. Uranie, Zool., 1824, 226, 

Bay of Rio Janeiro. 
Belone timucu Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

IS46, 316 (426), Rio de Janeiro, 



196 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1523. Strongylura argalus (LcSuevir). 

West Indies. 

Belone argalus LeSueur, in Cuvicr and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
XVIII, 1846, 326 (439), Guadeloupe, West Indies. 

1524. Strongylura euryops (Bean and Dresel). Longjaw. 

Cuba and Jamaica. 

Tylosurus euryops Bean and Dresel, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., VII, 1884, 
168, Jamaica. 

1525. Strongylura diplotaenia (Cope). 

St. Alarlins Island, West Indies. 

Belone diplotaenia Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 481, St. 
Martins. 

1526. Strongylura microps (Giinther). 

Coast of Guiana. 

Belone mierops Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 237, Surinam, British Guiana. 

1527. Strongylura angusticeps (Giinther). 

Coast of Ecuador. 

Belone angusticeps Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 238, Ecuador. 

1528. Strongylura stolzmanni (Steindachner). Sierrita. 

Pacific coast of America from Guaymas and Mazatlan to Peru. 

Belone stolzmanni Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., VII, 1878, 21, Tumbez, 

Peru. 
Tylosurus sierrita Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
'45S, Mazatlan. 

1529. Strongylura exilis (Girard). Needlefish; California garfish. 

Coast of southern California, from Point Conception southward to 

Cedros Island, Mexico. 
Belone exilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 149, San 

Diego. 

1530. Strongylura pterura (Osburn and Nichols). 

Gulf of California. 

Tijlosurus pterurus Osburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 152, fig. 6, Carmen Island, Gulf of California. 

1531. Strongylura marina (Walbaum). Garfish; Billfish; Needlefish; Agnjdn; 

Salt-water gar; Silver gar; Swordfish; Green gar; Skippick; Sea pike; 

Harvest pike; Silvery gar. 
Coast of Maine to Texas; Atlantic and Gulf coasts, entering rivers. ■ 
Esox marinus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 88; after Schopf. 
Esox longirostris Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 322, Hudson 

River. 
Belone truncata LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 126,' 

New York Bay. 
Belone sculalor 6irard, U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Ichth., 1859, 30, pi. 

13, Brazos Santiago and St. Joseph Island, Tex. 

1532. Strongylura guianensis (Miiller and Troschel). 

Tijlnsurus guianensis Miiller and Troschel in Schomburgk's Reise, 

III, 1848, 626, coast of Guiana. 
Genus 496. TYLOSURUS Cocco. 

Tylosurus Cocco, Giorn. Sci. Litt. Art. Sicilia, XVII, 1829, 18 {T. 

cantraini Cocco = '!Sphyra;na acus Laccpede). 

1533. Tylosurus fodiator Jordan and Gilbert. Agujdn. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Tylosurus fodiator Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
459, Mazatlan. 

1534. Tylosurus raphidoma (Ranzani). Iloundfish; Aguja de Casta; Guardfish. 

West Indies, Florida Keys to Brazil; north to Ocean City, N. J., and 

North Carolina. 
Belone raphidoma Ranzani, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Bonon., V, 1842, 

359, pi. 37, fig. 1, Brazil. 
Belone gerania Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 325 (437), Martinique. 
Belone crassa Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 291, Cuba. 
Belone melanochira Poey, loc. cit., 294, CuVja. 
Tylosurus gladius Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 239, 430, 

Pensacola, Fla. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 197 

1535. Tylosurus galeatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Cayenne, French Guiana. 

Belone galeata Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 
1846, 319 (429), Cayenne, French Guiana. 

1536. Tylosurus pacificus (Steindachner) . 

Acapulco to Panama. 

Belone pacifica Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 65, Panama. 

1537. Tylosurus acus (Lacepede). Houndfish; Agujon. 

West Indies and occasionally northward. 

Sphyrsena acus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 6 pi., 1 fig. 3, 

Martinique. 
lEsox imperialis Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 59, Palermo. 
"iTylosurus cantrainii Cocco, Giorn. Sci. Litt. Art. Sicilia, XVII, 1829, 

18, pi. 1, fig. 4, Messina. 
Belone latimana Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 290, Habana. 
Belone jonesi Goode, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts., XIII, 1877, 295, Bermuda. 

1538. Tylosurus caribbseus (LeSueur). 

West Indies. 

Belone caribhxa LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 127, 

Caribbean Sea. 
Belone altipinna Poey, Memorias, II, 1851, 293, Cuba. 

Genus 497. ABLENNES Jordan and Fordice. 

Athlennes Jordan and Fordice, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 342 
{Belone hians Cuvier and Valenciennes); error of transcription for 
Ahlcnne!^. 

1539. Ablennes hians (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

West Indies, ranging from Florida to Brazil; generally common; also 

recorded from Acapulco and Hawaii. 
Belone hians Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 1846, 

321 (432), pi. 548, Bahia; common at Habana. 
Belone maculala Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 290, Cuba. 

Family 120. SCOMBERESOCID.a: 

Genus 498. SCOMBERESOX Lacepede. Sauries. 

Scomheresox Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 344 (S. camperii 

Lac^p^de) . 
Sayris Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 60 {S. recurvirostra Rafinesque = 

Esox saurus Walbaum). 
Grammiconotus Costa, Ann. Mus. Zool. Univ. Napoli, I, 1862, 55 {G. 

hicoloT Costa; said to lack the air bladder. 

1540. Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum). Saury; Skipper; Billfish; Skipjack. 

Temperate parts of Atlantic Ocean; common in schools especially 

north of Cape Cod and France. 
Esox saurus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 93, Cornwall; after the 

saury pike of Pennant. 
Scomheresox camperii Lac^ptide, Hist. Nat." Poiss., V, 1803, 345, locality 

unknown. 
Sayris recurvirostra Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 61; substitute for 

camperi. 
Sayris hiaiis Rafinesque, loc. cit., 61, Palermo. 
Sayris hirtuiculatus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 62, Palermo. 
Scomheresox sculellalum LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821 

(1823), 132, Newfoundland. 
Scomheresox storeri DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 229, pi. 35, 

fig. 3, Banks of Newfoundland; coast of Massachusetts; New York. 
Scomheresox equiroslrum LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila , II, 

1821 (1823), 132, locality unknown. 
Scomtjeresox rondeletii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XVIII, 

1846, 350 (472), Mediterranean. 
Grammiconotus bicolor Costa, Ann. Mus. Zool. Univ. Napoli, I, 1862,. 

55, Naples. 
? Scomheresox forsteri Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XVIII, 1846, 357 (481), New Zealand. 
Sayris serrata Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 61, after Roiidelot. 



198 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 499. COLOLABIS Gill. 

Cololabis Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVIII, 1895, 176 {Scomberesox 
brevirostris Peters). 

1541. Cololabis brevirostris (Peters). 

Coast of California, south to San Diego in the open sea; often in schools. 
Scomberesox brevirostris Peters, Monatsberichte Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 

July, 1866, 521, Tomales Bay, Calif.; perhaps not separable from the 

Japanese Cololabis saira Brevoort. 

Family 121. HEMIRAMPHIDiE. Halfbeaks 

Genus 500. EULEPTORHAMPHUS Gill. 

Euleptorhamphus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 156 (iJ. 
brevoorti Gill = probably E. velox Poey). 

1542. Euleptorhamphus longirostris (Cuvier). 

East Indies; Galapagos Islands. 

Hemiramphus longirostris Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 286, 
warm seas of both hemispheres. 

1543. Euleptorhamphus velox Poey. Slender half beak. 

West Indies, occasionally northward in the Gulf Stream to Massa- 
chusetts. 

? Euleptorhamphus brevoortii Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 
1859, 156, no locality. 

Euleptorhamphus velox Poey, Synopsis, 1867, 383, Cuba; perhaps identical 
with the preceding. 

Genus 501. HYPORHAMPHUS Gill. Halfbeaks. 

Hyporhamphus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 131 {H. 
tricuspidatus Gill= Hemirhamphus unifasciatus Ranzani). 

1544. Hyporhamphus unifasciatus (Ranzani). Common half beak; Escribano; 

P a jar it o. 

Tropical seas on both coasts of America from Brazil north to Rhode 
Island, New Jersey, Guaymas, and Mazatlan; generally common 
from Key West to Rio de Janeiro; also from Guaymas to the Gala- 
pagos; variable; but the distinction into two or more species not 
trustworthy. 

Hemirhamphus unifaciatus Ranzani, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Bonon., 
V, 1842, 326, Brazil. 

? Hemirhamphus picarti Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
XIX, 1846, 18 (25), Bono, Algiers. 

Hemirhamphus richardi Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 19 (26), 
St. Croi.x, Antilles. 

Hyporhamphus tricuspidatus Gill. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 
1859, 131, Barbados. 

Hemirhamphus fasciatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 299, Cuba; not 
of Bleeker. 

1545. Hyporhamphus roberti ^^ (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Both coasts of tropical America; West Indies and Brazil north to Rhode 
Island, and on the Pacific coast from Gulf of California to the Gala- 
pagos. 

Hemiramphus roberti Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 18 (24), Cayenne. 

• 

1546. Hyporhamphus gilli Meek and Hildebrand, 

Acapulco to the Galapagos. 

Hyporhamphus gilli Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Pub. 

215, Zool. Ser., XV, Dec. 20, 1923, 240, PI. XVII, fig. 1, Panama 

Bay, Balboa. 

1547. Hyporhamphus rosae (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Coast of southern California and probably southward. 
Hemiramphus rosae Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 335, San Diego, Calif. 



M This species is slenderer than H. unifasciatus, with longer beak and more numerous gill rakers, 28 to 
SI on lower limb (21 in H. unifasciatus). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 190 

1548. Hyporhamphus snyderi Meek and Hildebrand. 

Lower California to Panama. 

Hyporhamphus snyderi Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 

Pub. 215, Zool., Ser. XV, Dec. 20, 1923, 240, PI. XVII, fig. 2, Balboa, 

Panama Bay. 

Genus 502. HEMIRAMPHUS Cuvier. 

Hemiramphus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, II, 1817, 186 {Esox brasi- 
liensis Linnaeus). 

1549. Hemiramphus brasiliensis (Linnaeus). Balao; Escribano; Red-tailed 

balao. 

West Indies, generally abundant from Key West southward to Bahia. 

Esox brasiliensis Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 314, Jamaica; after 
Browne; the Timucu of Macgrave wrongly included in the synonymy; 
Bloch, Ichth., 1801, 391, corrected synonymy and description. 

Hemiramphus brownii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 
1846, 10 (13), Guadeloupe, Martinique. 

Hemiramphus pleii Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 15 (19), Mar- 
tinique, Safi Domingo. 

Macrognathus brevirostris Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 148, America; 
after Browne. 

Hemirhamphus filamentosus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 297, Cuba. 

1550. Hemirhamphus balao LeSueur. Balao; Piper; Bluc-lailed balao. 

Cuba; also known from Panama; Guadeloupe; Martinique. 
Hemirhamphus balao LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1823, 

136, Lesser Antilles, Guadeloupe, Martinique. 
Hemirhamphus macrochirus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 299, Cuba. 

1551. Hemirhamphus saltator Gilbert and Starks. 

Panama; Galapagos Islands. 

Hemirhamphus saltator Gilbert and Starks, Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
IV, 1904, 53, PI. IX, fig. 16, Panama. 

Genus 503. CHRIODORUS Goode and Bean. Hardheads. 

Chriodorus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 431 (C. 
atherinoides Goode and Beanj. 

1552. Chriodorus atherinoides Goode and Bean. Hardhead. 

Florida Keys and vicinity. 

Chriodorus atherinoides Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 
1882, 432, Key West, Fla. 

Genus 504. HEMIEXOC(ETUS Fowler. 

Hemiexoccetus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIII, 1901, 293 
{H. caudim^culatus Fowler). 

1553. Hemiexoccetus caudimaculatus Fowler. 

Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Hemiexoccetus caudimaculatus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
LIII, 1901, 294, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Family 122. EXOCCETID.a: Flyingfishes 

Genus 505. FODIATOR Jordan and Meek. 

Fodiator Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 45 
(Exocoetus aculus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1554. Fodiator acutus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Sharp-nosed fiyingfish. 

Both shores of tropical America; Gulf of California; San Luis Gonzales; 

Panama; Nice. 
Exocoetus aculus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 91 (125), Surinam; Nice. 

Genus 506. EVOLANTIA Heller and Snodgrass. 

Erolaidia Heller aiui Snodgrass, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., V, 1903, 189 
(Exocffius mirraplcrus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1555. Evolantia microptera (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Malolo. 

Galapagos Islands. 

Exorrrtus micropterus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 
1846, 92 (127), Port King George, New Holland, etc. 



200 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 507. PAREXOCCETUS Bleeker. 

Parcxocoelus Bleoker, Xederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., Ill, 1866, 126 (Exocoetus 
mento Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1556. ParexoccBtus raesogaster (Bloch). 

Tropical seas; East Indies and West Indies; Hawaiian Islands; 

Newport, Rhode Island; Carolina coast. 
Exocoetus mesogaster Bloch. Natnrgesch. Ausl. Fisch., IX, 1795, 17, 

Martinique; on a drawing by Plumier, in which the pectorals and 

ventrals are much too long. 
Exocoetus orbigitianiis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846,95 (131), Montevideo. 
Exocoetus hillianus Gosse, Naturalist's Sojourn in Jamaica, II, 1851, 

PI. I, fig. 1, Jamaica. 
Exocoetus gryllus Klunzinger, Verhandl. Zool. Botan. Gesell. Wien, 1871, 

586, Red Sea. 

Genus 508. EXOCCETUS Linnseus. Flyingfishes. 

Exocoetus Linna3us, Syst. Nat., ed'. X, 1758, 316 {E. volitans). 

X557. Exocoetus volitans Linnajus. Sharp-finncd flying fish. 

Warm seas; Atlantic coast north to Newfoundland; England; Ha- 
waiian Islands and Japan, largely pelagic. 

Exocoetus volitmis Linnajus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 316, Atlantic Ocean; 
not of Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Exocoetus evolans Linna-us, loc. cit., ed. XII, 1766, 521; after Gronow. 

Exocoetus splendens Abel, Narr. Voy. China, 1818, 4, China. 

Exocoetus georgianus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
XIX, 1846, 139, equatorial America. 

Exocoetus chiUensis Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 
472, Chile. 

1558. Exocoetus obtusirostris Giinther. 

Tropical Atlantic; recorded from Cape Verde Islands, New Orleans, 

and Miami, Fla. 
Exocoetus obtusirostris Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 283, Cape Verde Islands, 

etc.; according to Nichols (Copeia, No. 108, 1922, 49), this is different 

from E. volitens. 

Genus 509. EXONAUTES Jordan and Evermann. 

Exonautes Jordan and Evermann, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., 1895, 322 
{Exocoetus exsiliens P. L. S. Miiller). 

1559. Exonautes exsiliens (P. L. S. Midler). 

Open seas; rare on our Atlantic coast. 

Exocaius exsiliens Philip Ludwig Statins Miiller, Niirnberg, ed. Linnajus, 

Syst. Nat., 1776, 209, Carolinas. 
Exocoetus fasciatus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 8, 

pi. 4, fig. 2, Atlantic. 
Exocoetus lamellifer Kner and Steindachner, Neue Fische Godeffroy 

-Mus., 1866, 29, Atlantic 12° S., 39° W. 

1560. Exonautes rondeletii (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Tropical seas; Florida; France; Acapulco; West Indies; southern 

Europe; perhaps the adult of E. exsiliens. 
Exocoetus rondeletii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 84 (115), pi. 562, Naples; Sicily; Canaries. 
Exocoetus brachycephalus Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 297, China. 
Exocoetus volador Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 34 Pcnsx- 

cola, Fla. 

1561. Exonautes vinciguerrae (Jordan and Meek). 

Open Atlantic; southern Europe; Newfoundland; St. Martins; Gulf of 

Mexico. 
Exocoetus vinciguerrse Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 

1885. 56, open sea off Newfoundland, 46° N., 61° W. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 201 

1562. Exonautes rubescens (Rafinesque). 

Atlantic Ocean, north to Newfoundland; also in the Pacific if E. specu- 

liger is the same. 
Exoccetus rubescens Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 205, Banks 

of Newfoundland. 
? Exocoetus speculiger Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 69 (63), Friendh' Islands, Pacific coast of South America, etc. 
Exocoetus roberti Miiller and Troschel, Schomburgk's Hist. Barbados, 

1848, 675, Barbados. 
? Exocoetus quadriremus Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 145, Spain and India. 
Exocoetus volitans of various authors; not of Linnaeus. 

1563. Exonautes affinis (Giinther). 

West Indies to Africa; locally common. 

Exocoetus affinis Gunther, Cat., VI, 1866, 288, West Africa; Cuba. 

1564. Exonautes rufipinnis (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Tropical America; Payta; Panama; Tabasco; Barbados. 

Exocoetus rufipinnis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 72 (99), Pavta, Peru. 
Exocoetus dowii Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 167, near 

Panama. 
Exocoetus scylla Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 481, Tabasco, 

Mexico. 

Genus 510. CYPSELURUS Swainson; 

Cypsilurus Swain.son, Class. Fishes, etc., II, 1839, 296 (Exocoetus nutlalli 
LeSueur); misprint for Cypselurus, according to decision Int. Com. 
Zool. Nom. 

1565. Cypselurus heterurus (Rafinesque). Flyingfish; Single-bearded flying- 

fish. 
Atlantic Ocean, generally common southward to Newfoundland and to 

England. 
Exoccetus heterurus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 5S, Palermo. 
Exocatus comatus MitchiU, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., 1815, 448, pi. 5, 

fig. 1, New York. 
Exocoetus noveboracensis Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 333, 

New York. 
Exocoetus appendiculatus Wood, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IV, 1824, 

283, pi. 17, fig. 2, locality unknown. 
Exocoetus melanurus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 74 (101), New York. 

1566. Cypselurus lutkeni (Jordan and Evermann). 

Coast of Cuba. 

Exoccetus lutkeni Jordan and Evermann, Fi.shes North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 736, Cape San Antonio, Cuba. 

1567. Cypselurus furcatus (Mitchill). Double-bearded flyingfish. 

Warm seas, north to Cape Cod and the Mediterranean, generally 

common. 
Exocoetus furcatm Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 449, 

New York. 
Exocoetus nuttalli leSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1821, 10, 

PI. IV, fig. 1, Gulf of Mexico. 
Exocoetus (Cypsilurus) procnc De Filippie Verany, Mem. Acad. Sci. 

Torino, ser. 2, XVIII, 1857, 10, fig. 5, Nice. 
Exocatus maculipinnis Vinciguerra, Ann. Mus. Genov., XVIII, 1883, 

pi. 1, fig. 6, 577, Tunis. 

1568. Cypselurus nigricans (Bennett). 

Tropical seas, north to Cuba, Central America, and France. 

Exocoetus nigricans Bennett, Whaling Voyage, II, 1840, 287, taken in 

both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, in lat. 5° N. 
Exocoetus bicolor Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 1846, 

81 (111), Atlantic. 
Exocoetus spilopus Cuvier and Valonriennes, loc. cit., 86 (118), La 

Rochelle; St. Helena; West Indies; India; Arabia; De Witt Land, 



202 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1569. Cypselurus xenopterus (Gilbert). 

Clarion Island, one of the Revillagigedo Islands. 

Exocoetus xenopterus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 58, 
Clarion Island. 

1570. Cypselurus lineatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Tropical Atlantic; Gorea; the Canaries; Madeira and Bermuda. 
Exocoetus lineatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 
1846, 67 (92), Gorea; Canaries. 

1571. Cypselurus cyanopterus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Coasts of Brazil and Caribbean Sea; not common. 

Exocoetus cyanopterus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 

1846, 71 (98), American seas. 
Exocoetus albidactylus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 167, 

Caribbean Sea. 

1572. Cypselurus bahiensis (Ranzani). 

Tropical Atlantic; north to Cuba. 

Exocoetus bahiensis Ranzani, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Bonon., V, 1842, 

362, pi. 38, Bahia. 
Exocoetus vermiculatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 300, Cuba. 
? Exocoetus parrse Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 385, Cuba. 

1573. Cypselurus spilonotopterus (Bleeker). 

Tropical Pacific, north to Hawaii and Galapagos Islands. 
Exocoetus spilonotopterus Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., Ill, 1863, 
113, Sumatra. 

1574. Cypselurus calif ornicus (Cooper). Great flyingfish; Volador. 

Southern California; Point Conception to Cape San Lucas; Santa 

Barbara Islands; locally very abundant. 
Exocoetus californicus Cooper, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., Ill, 1863, 93, 

fi". 20, Santa Catalina Island. 

1575. Cypselurus callopterus (Giinther). 

Panama. 

Exocoetus callopterus Giinther, Cat., VI, 1866, 292, Panama. 

1576. Cypselurus fucorum (Zugmayer). 

Mid-Atlantic. 

Exocoetus fucorum Zugmayer, Bull. 193, Inst. Oceanogr., Jan. 20, 1911, 
in 31° 38' N., 42° 38' W., at surface. 

1577. Cypselurus holubi (Steindachner). 

Exocoetus holubi Steindachner, in Collett, Voy. Hirondelle, 1896, 123, 
PI. IV, fig. 18, Newfoundland. 

1578. Cypselurus gibbifrons (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Atlantic Ocean; Newport, R. I. 

Exocoetus gibbifrons Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XIX, 
1846, 86 (118), Atlantic. 

Order FF. ANACANTHINI 

Family 123. MACROURID.ffi (Coryphsenoididae). Grenadiers; Rat-tails 

Genus 511. GADOMUS Regan. 

Gadomus Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XII, 1903, 459, 466 (Bathygadus 
longifilis Goode and Bean). 

1579. Qadomus arcuatus (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf of Mexico, in deep water. 

Bathygadus arcuatus Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 
1886, No. 5, 158, off Martinique in 334 fathoms. 

1580. Qadomus longifilis (Goode and Bean). 

Deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. 

Bathygadus longifilis Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 

1885, 599, Gulf of Mexico at Albatross station 2392, lat. 28° 47' 30" 

N., long. 87° 27' W., in 724 fathoms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 203 

Genus 512. BATHYGADUS Giinther. 

Bathygadus Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 23 (B. cottoides 

Giinther) . 
Melanobranchus Regan, loc. cit., (7), XI, 1903, 459 {Bathygadus melano- 

branchus Vaillant). 

1581. Bathygadus favosus Goode and Bean. 

Off Martinique, in deep water. 

Bathygadus favosus Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 
1SS6, No. 5, 160, off Martinique at Blake station 80 in 472 fathomg. 

1582. Bathygadus macrops Goode and Bean. 

Deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. 

Bathygadus macrops Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 

598, at Albatross station 2396 in lat. 28° 34' N., long. 86° 48' W., in 

335 fathoms. 

Genus 513. STEINDACHNERIA Goode and Bean. 

Steindachneria Goode and Bean, in Agassiz, Three Cruises of the Blake, 

II, 1888, 26 (diagnosis but no t\pe named); not Steindachneria 

Eigenmann 18SS = Steiiidachneridioji Eigenmann and Eigenmann, 

1919. 
Steindachnerella Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., XXXI, 

1897, 159 {Steindachneria argentea Goode and Bean). 

1583. Steindachneria argentea Goode and Bean. 

Gulf of Mexico. 

Steindachneria argentea Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1896, 419, fig. 
351, off delta of Mississippi River in 68 fathoms. 

Genus 514. TRACHYRINCUS Giorna. 

Trachyrincus Giorna, Mem. Acad. Imp. Turin, XVI, 1805, 4, 179, 
{Lepidolepsus trachyrincus Risso, not mentioned). 

1584. Trachyrincus helolepis (Gilbert). 

Off the Pacific coast of Central America. 

Trachyrhynchus helolepis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 

562, Pacific coast of Central America, at Albatross station 2818, in 

deep water. 

Genus 515. DOLLOA Jordan. 

Moseleya Goode anfi Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 417 {Macrurus 

longifilis Gunther); name preoccupied. 
Dolloa Jordan, Amer. Nat., XXXIV, 1900, 877 {Macrurus longifilis 

Gunther). 

1685. Dolloa cyclolepis (Gilbert). 
Coast of British Columbia. 

Nematonurus cyclolepis Gilbert, Rcpt. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 
458, off Queen Charlotte Island in 1,588 fathoms. 

Genus 516. NEMATONURUS Gunther. 

Nematonurus Gunther, Challenger Rept., Deep Sea Fishes, XXII, 1887, 
124, 150 (.V. armatus Hector). 

1586. Nematonurus goodii (Giinther). 

Gulf Stream from Cape Cod to Habana; generally abundant. 

Macrurus asper Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 1883, 
No. 5, 196, Gulf Stream, south of New England in 1,242 fathoms. 

Macrurus goodii Giinther, Challenger Report, XXII, 1887, 36; sub- 
stitute for Macrurus asper, preoccupied. 

1587. Nematonurus suborbitalis (Gill and Townsend). 

Bering Sea. 

Macrurus suborbitalis Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XI, 
1897, 234, Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands, in 1,771 fathoms. 

1588. Nematonurus acrolepis (Bean). 

Straits of Juan fie Fuca; off Bogoslof Island, north of Aleutian Islands; 

once taken at Monterey (W. F. Thompson). 
Macrurus acrolepis Beau, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 362, Port 

Townsend, Wash. 



204 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1589. Nematonurus abyssorum Gilbert. 

Off southern California in deep water. 

Nematonurus abyssorum Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Miis., XLVIII, 
1915, 374, pi. 21, off Santa Catalina in 1,350 to 2,182 fathoms. 

Genus 517. ALBATROSSIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Albatrossia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 
1898, 2573 (Macrourus pectoralis Gilbert). 

1590. Albatrossia pectoralis (Gilbert). 

Off coast of Oregon. 

Macrourus (Malacocephalus) pectoralis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XIV, 1891, 563, off coast of Oregon, at Albatross stations 3071, 3074, 

and 3075, in 685 to 877 fathoms. 
Macrurus (N ematonurus) magnus Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. See. 

Wash., XI, 1897, 234, Bering Sea, southwest of Pribilof Islands. ' 

Genus 518. BOGOSLOVIUS Jordan and Evermann. 

Bogoslovius Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 
2574 (B. clarki Jordan and Gilbert). 

1591. Bogoslovius clarki Jordan and Gilbert. 

Bering Sea. 

Bogoslovius clarki Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes 

North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2575, Bering Sea off Bogoslof Island 

in 664 fathoms. 

1592. Bogoslovius firmisquarais (Gill and Townsend). 

Bering Sea. 

Macrurus firmisquamis Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XI, 
1897, 234, Bering Sea southwest of Pribilof Islands. 

Genus 519. CHALINURA Goode and Bean. 

Chalinura Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 1882, No. 5, 

198 (C. Simula Goode and Bean). 
Chalinurus Giinther, altered spelling. 

1593. Chalinura occidentalis (Goode and Bean). 

Atlantic Ocean off Cape Hatteras and Caribbean Sea. 
Malacocephalus occidentalis Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
VIII, 1885, 597, off Cape Hatteras in 132 fathoms. 

1594. Chalinura serrula Bean. 

East of Prince of Wales Island in deep water. 

Chalinura serrula Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 37, east of 
Prince of Wales Island, at Albatross station 2859 in 1,569 fathoms. 

1595. Chalinura fihfera Gilbert. 

Off Queen Charlotte Island, in deep water. 

Chalinura filifera Gilbert, Kept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 (1896), 
458, off Queen Charlotte Island, at Albatross station 3342. 

1596. Chalinura Simula Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Chalinura Simula Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, No. 5, 
1883, 199, Gulf Stream, about latitude 40°. 

1597. Chalinura brevibarbis Goode and Bean. 

Atlantic Basin. 

Chalinura brevibarbis Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 413, 
Atlantic Ocean in 1,255 fathoms. 

1598. Chalinura spinulosa Gilbert and Burke. 

East coast of Kamchatka. 

Chalinura spinulosa Gilbert and Burke, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXX, 
1910, 92, fig. 36, Avatcha Bay. 

Genus 520. CORYPHiENOIDES 3" Gunner. 

Coryphxnoides Gunner, Trondhj. Selsk, Skrift., Ill, 1765, 50 (C rupestris 
Gunner). 

» The name Coryphsenoides is older than Macrourus, the terra usually applied to the species of this genus. 
The distinction between Coryphxnoides and Macrourus is rather slight, the month in Macrourus being 
smaller and more inferior. Ciilbert and Hubbs unite the two groups as Coryphxnoides. Many specias 
have been described from the deep waters of America. These we leave in Coryphxnoides or in Macrourus 
as their describers have placed them. Some of the genera accepted here are of questionable value. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 205 

1599. Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunner. 

Banks of Newfoundland to Norway. 

Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunner, Trondhj. Selsk. Skrift., Ill, 1765, 50. 

Lepidolepus norvegicus Nilsson, Prodr. Ichth. Scand., 1832, 51, Norway. 

1600. Coryphaenoides carapinus Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Coryphsenoides carapinus Goode and Bean, BuU., Mus. Comp. Zool., 
X, 1883, No. 5, 197, Gulf Stream, about lat. 40°, in deep water. 

Genus 521. MACROURUS 3" Bloch. 

Macrourus Bloch, Xaturgesch. Ausl. Fische, II, 1786, 150 {Coryphsena 

rupestris Fabricius = Afacrowrus berglax Lacepede); not Coryphsenoides 

rupestris Gunner. 
Macrurus Giinther, and of most authors; corrected spelling. 

1601. Macrourus berglax Lacepede. 

Massachusetts to Greenland and Norway. 

ICoryphxna rupestris Fabricius, Fauna Groenlandica, 1780, 154, Green- 
land. 
Macrourus berglax Lac6pMe, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 170, Greenland. 

1602. Macrourus bairdi Goode and Bean. Common rat-tail. 

^^'est Indies to Massachusetts Bay; excessively common north in deep 

water. 
Macrourus bairdi Goode and Bean, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts., XIII, 1877, 

471, Mas.sachusetts Bay. 

1603. Macrourus stelgidolepis Gilbert. 

Pacific Ocean off Point Conception, Calif. 

Macrurus (Macrourus) stelgidolepis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XIII, 1890, 116, Albatross station 2960, lat. 34° 10' 45" N., long. 

120' 16' 45" W., in 267 fathoms. 

1604. Macrourus cinereus Gilbert. Popeye. 

North Pacific and Bering Sea; verj- abundant. 

Macrurus cinereus Gilbert, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 (1896), 

4.57, at Albatross stations 3307, 3329, and 3340, lat. 54° to 55° N. 

and long. 155° to 171° W., in 399 to 1,033 fathoms. 

1605. Macrourus bulbiceps Garman. 

Off Cocos Islands in deep water. 

Macrurus bulbiceps Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

194, PI. XLIV, off Cocos Islands. 

1606. Macrourus bucephalus Garman. 

Off Galapagos Islands to Gulf of California, in deep water. 

Macrurus bucephalus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

195, PI. XLIV, Gulf of California. 

1607. Macrourus barbiger Garman. 

Gulf of California in deep water. 

Macrurus barhiger Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 197, 
PI. XLV, Gulf of California. 

1608. Macrourus capito Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus capito Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 200, 
off Bay of Panama. 

1609. Macrourus leucophseus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus leucophicus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
201, off Bay of Panama. 

1610. Macrourus boops Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus boops Garman, Mem. Mua. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 202, 
off Bay of Panama. 



*' The many deep-sea forms describe; by Garman are nearly all referred to Macrouriu without reference 
to the closely related minor genera proposed for forms allied co Macrourut and Coryphxnoides, the two 
principal genera of the family, and themselves barely separablb, 

6424°— 29 14 



206 



U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 



1611. Macrourus fragilis Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurns fragilis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 203, 
PI. XLV, off coast of Panama. 

1612. Macrourus carminifer Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 
Macnirus carminifer Garman, Mem. Mus. 
204, PI. XLVI, off Bay of Panama. 

1613. Macrourus gracilicauda Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus gracilicauda Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
206, PI. H, off Bay of Panama. 

1614. Macrourus orbitalis Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus orbitalis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 207, 
PI. XLVII, off Bay of Panama. 

1615. Macrourus cuspidatus Garman. 

Gulf of California in deep water. 
Macrurus cuspidatus Garman, Mem. 
209, Gulf of California. 



Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 



1616. Macrourus convergens Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus convergens Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

210, PI. XLVIII, off Bay of Panama. 

1617. Macrourus latirostratus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus latirostratus Garman, Mem. Mus. 

211, PI. XLVIII, off Bay of Panama. 

1618. Macrourus latinasutus Garman. 

Gulf of California in deep water. 
Macrurus latinasutus Garman, Mem. 
214, Gulf of California. 



Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 



Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 



Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 



1619. Macrourus anguliceps Garman. 

From Galapagos Islands to Gulf of California in deep water. 
Macrurus anguliceps Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
212, PI. G; off Bay of Panama. 

1620. Macrourus trichurus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 
Macrurus trichurus Garman, Mem. 

215, off Bay of Panama. 

1621. Macrourus tenuicauda Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus tenuicauda Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 

216, PI. XLIX, off Bay of Panama. 

1622. Macrourus canus Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Macrurus canus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 217, 
PI. XLIX, off Bay of Panama. 

1623. Macrourus albatrossus Townsend and Nichols. 

Off Lower California in deep water. 

Macrourus albatrossus Townsend and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 

Hist., LII, 1925, 17, lat. 31° W., southwest of San Diego in 1,076 

fathoms. 

1624. Macrourus iiigolfl Liitken. 

Iceland and Greenland in deep water. 

Macrurus ingolfi Liitken, Ichth. Ingolf Exped., 1898, 27, south of Iceland. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 



207 



1C25. Macrourus lepturus Gill and Townsend. 

Bering Sea, St. Paul Island, Yunaska Island. 

Macrourus lepturus Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XI, 
1897, 233, Bering Sea, southwest of the Pribilof Islands, in 1,401 
fathoms. 

Macrurus dorsalis Gill and Townsend, loc. cit., 233, Bering Sea, south- 
west of Pribilof Islands, in 1,401 fathoms. 

Genus 522. CCELORHYNCHUS Giorna. 

Caelorhynchus Giorna, Mem. Acad. Xat. Sci. Turin, XVI, 1805, 179, 
pi. 1, figs. 3 and 4 (C. laiille Giorna). 

1626. Coelorhynchus occa (Goode and Bean.) 

Gulf of Mexico in deep water. 

Macrurus occa Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 
595, Gulf of Mexico in 335 fathoms. 

1627. CcBlorhynchus carminatus (Goode). Grenadier. 

Caribbean Sea, north in the Gulf Stream to Long Lsland. 
Macrurus carminatus Goode, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., III. 1880, 346, 
Gulf Stream, 40° 02' 54" X., 70° 23' 40" W., in 115 fat. ^ms. 

1628. Coelorhynchus caribbaeus (Goode and Bean). 

West Indies to northern part of Gulf of Mexico. 

Macrurus caribbseus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 
1885, 594, northern part of Gulf of Mexico in 210 fathoms. 

1629. Coelorhynchus scaphopsis (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California in deep water. 

Macrurus {Coelorhynchus) scaphopsis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XIII, 1890, 115, Gulf of California at Albatross station 3015, lat. 

29° 19' X., long. 112° 50' W., in 145 fathoms. 

Genus 523. TRACHONURUS Gunther. 

Trachonurus Gunther, Challenger Rept., Deep-sea Fishes, XXII, 1887, 
124 (Macrurus villosus Gunther). 

1630. Trachonurus sulcatus (Goode and Bean). 

West Indies and Gulf of Mexico in deep water. 

Coryphaenoides sulcatus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 
1885, 596, Gulf of Mexico in 420 fathoms. 

Genus 524. IIONURUS Gunther. 

Lionurus Giinther, Challenger Rept., Deep-sea Fishes, XXII, 1887, 124 
{Coryphsnoides filicauda Giinther). 

1631. Iiionurus liolepis (Gilbert). 

Off southern California in deep water. 

Macrurus (Lionurus) liolepis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 

1890, 117, coast of California at Albatross station 2980, lat. 33° 49' 

45" N.. long. 119° 24' .30" W. in 600 fathoms. 

Genus 525. HYMENOCEPHALUS Gighoh and Issel. 

Hymenocephnla.s Giglioli and Isscl, Pelages, Genoa, 1884, 228 (tf. 

italicus Giglioli and fssel). 

1632. Hymenocephalus cavernosus (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf of Mexico in deep water. 

Bathygadus cavernosus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 

1885, 598, Albatross station 2398, lat. 28° 45' N., long. 86° 26' W. 

in 227 fathoms. 

Genus 526. ATELEOBRACHIUM Gilbert and Burke. 

Ateleobrachium Gilbert and Burke, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXX, 1910, 
94 (.4. pterotum Gilbert and Burke). 

1633. Ateleobrachium pterotum Gilbert and Burke. 

East coa.st of Kamchatka. 

Ateleobrachium pterotum Gilbert and Burke, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 
XXX, 1910, 94, Avatcha Bay. 



208 



U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



Family 124. BREGMACEROTIDiE 

Genus 527. BREGMACEROS (Cantor) Thompson. 

B)T(jmacero.-< Thompson, in Charlesworth's Mag. Nat. Hist., IV, 1840, I, 
184 {B. macclellandii Thompson). 

Calloptilum Richardson, Voy. Sulphur, 94, 1843, 16 (C mirum Rich- 
ardson). 

Asthenurus Tickell, Jour. Asiat. See. Bengal, 1865, 32 (A. atripinnis 
Tickell). 

1634. Bregmaceros bathy master Jordan and Bollman. 

South Pacific and Indian Oceans; also off coast of Panama. 
IBregmaceros macclellandii Cantor, in Charlesworth's Mag. Nat. Hist., 

IV, 1840, 184, fig. 185, India. 
lAsthenurus atripinnis Tickell, Jour., Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1865, 32, with 

plate, Bay of Bengal. 
Bregmaceros bathymaster Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XII, 1889, 173, southwest of Panama. 

1635. Bregmaceros atlanticus Goode and Bean. 

Blake stations 99, off Granada, 113, off Nevis; and 185. 
Bregmaceros atlanticus Goode and Bean, Bull., Mus. Comp. Zool., 
XII, 1886, No. 5, 165, off Nevis and Granada, West Indies. 

1636. Bregmaceros longipes Garman. 

Off coast of Acapulco, Mexico, in shallow water. 
Bregmaceros longipes Garman, Mem., Mus. Comp. 
1899, 191, PI. XLIII, off Pacific coast of Mexico. 



Zool., XXIV, 



Family 125. GAIDROPSARIDJE. Rocklings 



Three-bearded rocklings. 
1810, 51 {G. m,ustellurus-- 



--En- 



Genus 528. GAIDROPSARUS Rafinesque. 
Gaidropsarus Rafinesque, Indice, II, 

chelyopus mediterraneus Schneider). 
Dropsarus Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 88, shortened form; same type. 
Les Musteles Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, II, 1817, 215 (tricirrhalus = 

mediterraneus) . 
Mustela Oken, Isis, 1817 (for les Musteles, not Mustela L., a genus of 

weasels) . 
Onos Risso, Hist. Europ. Morid., Ill, 1826, 214 (Gadus mustela Bloch). 
Mustela Stark, Elem. Nat. Hist., I, 1828, 425; after les Musteles. 
Motella Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 334 {Gadus mustela L.); 

substitute for Mustela Cuvier. 
Onus Giinther, corrected spelling; not of Rafinesque. 

1637. Gaidropsarus ensis (Reinhardt). Rockling; Three-bearded reckling. 

New York to Greenland. 

Motella ensis Reinhardt, Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. Afhandl., VII, 1838, 

116, 128, Greenland. 
Onos r>tfus Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 259, Gulf Stream. 

1638. Gaidropsarus septentrionalis (Collett). 

Coasts of Norway and Greenland. 

Motella septentrionalis Collett, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., XV, 

1875, 82, Lofoton, Floro, Bergen, coast of Norway and Bodo, lat. 67° 

15' N., in 30 fathoms. 

Genus 529. CILIATA Couch. Five-bearded rocklings. 

Ciliuta Couch, Mag. Nat. Hist., V, 1822, 15 (C. glauca Couch, the 

"mackerel midge," larva of Gadus mustela L.) 
Cowhia Thompson, Nat. Hist. Ireland, IV, 1856, 288 (C. mirior Thomp- 

son = larva of Gadus mustela L.). 
Molvella Kaup, Archiv Natur., XXIV, 1858, I, 90 (Molvella borealis 

KsLnp=^ Gadus mustela L.). 

1639. Ciliata argentata (Reinhardt). Silvery rockling; Mackerel midge; Five- 

bearde I rockling. 
Coasts of Greenland, south to Faroe and Bear Islands. 
Motella argentata Reinhardt, Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. Afhandl., VII, 

1838, 116, 128, Greenland. 
Motella reinhardti Krover, in Collett, Forhandl. Vidensk. Selsk. Chr., 

No. 14, 1878, 83, Greenland. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 209 

Genus 530. ENCHELYOPUS ^^ Bloch and Schneider. Four-bearded rocklings. 
Enchelyopus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 60 {Gadus civibrius 

L.); not of Gronow, which is nonbinoniial. 
Rhinonemus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 241 (Gadus 

cimbrius L.). 

1640. Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus). Four-bearded rockling. 

North Atlantic on both coasts, south in deep water to the Gulf Stream; 

common in Massachusetts Bay. 
Gadus cimbrius Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 12, I, 1766, 440, Atlantic 

Ocean; Scania. 
Motella caudacuta Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1848, 5, 

Long Point, Provincetown, Mass. 

Family 126. GADID.aE. Codfishes 

Genus 531. BOREOGADUS Gunther. 

Boreogadus Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 336 (Gadus fabricii Richardson = 
Gadus saida Lepechin). 

1641. Boreogadus saida (Lepechin). 

Arctic sea.s, Greenland to Alaska and northern Russia; couunon in the 

far north. 
Gadus saida Lepechin, Nov. Comm. Acad. Sci. Petropol., XVIII, 1774, 

512, Russia. 
Merlangus polaris Sabine, Suppl. Parry's Voy., CCXI, 1824, Baffin's 

Bay. 
Gadus fabricii Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 245, northern 

bays of Greenland. 
Gadus agilis Reinhardt, Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Afhandl., VII, 1838, 

126, Greenland. 

Genus 532. POLLACHIUS Nilsson. Pollacks. 

Pollachius Nilsson, in Bonaparte, Cat. Metod. Pesci. Europ., 1846, 45 
(Gadus pollachius Linnsus). 

1642. Pollachius virens (Linna?us). Pollack; Coalfish; Green cod. 

North Atlantic; common northward on both coasts, south to Cape Cod. 
Gadus virens Linna;us, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 253, oceans of Europe. 
Gadus carbonarius Linnajus, loc. cit., 254, seas of Europe. 
Gadus colinus Lac6pcde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 416, England, etc. 
Gadus purpureus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y.,. I, 1815, 370, 

New York. 
Merlangus leptocephalus DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 288, 

pi. 45, fig. 146, Long Island. 

Genus 533. THERAGRA Lucas. 

Theragra Lucas, in Jordan and Gilbert, Rept. Fur-seal Invest., Ill, 
1896, 486 (Gadus chalcogramtnus Pallas). 

1643. Theragra chalcograrama (Pallas). Alaska pollack. 

North Pacific, south to Sitka. 

Gadus chalcogramiHUS Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.- Asiat., Ill, 1811, 198, 

Kamchatka. 
Gadus periscopus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1873, 30, Unalaska. 

1644. Theragra fucensis (Jordan and Gilbert). Wall-eyed pollack; Puget 

kiound pollack. 
Puget Sound. 
Pollachius chalcogramtnus fucensis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. 

IMus., XVI, 1893, 315, Puget Sound at Tacoma, Wash. 

Genus 534. EIEGINUS Fischer. 

Elcginus Fischer, Mem. Soc. Nat. Moscow, 2d ed., V, 1813, 4, 252-257 
(Gadus nawaga Kolreuter). 

^ The name Enchelyopm ("eels without ventral fins") ha.s been used variously since first proposed by 
ffronow; Oronow niiplip'l the name to Zonrces, Klein to Trkhiurug; as both these writers were nonbinoniial 
Me recognizo its first Ijinuujiai use, that uf ischneider, for Gadm dmbriui L. 



210 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1645. Eleginus nawaga (Kolreuter). Wachna cod. 

Puget Sound to Bering Sea. 

Gadus nawaga Kolreuter, Nov. Com. Acad. Sci. Petropol., XIV, 1770, 

484, pi. 12, coast of northern Russia. 
Gadus gracilis Tilesius, M6m. Acad. Sci. Imp. St. Petersb., II, 1810, 354, 

Kamchatka. 
Gadus wachna Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.- Asiat., Ill, 1811, 182, Kamchatka. 

Genus 535. MICROGADUS Gill. Tonicods. 

Microgadus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 69 (Gadus 
proximus Girard). 

1646. Microgadus tomcod (Walbaum). Tomcod; Frostfish. 

East coast of North America, frona Virginia to Labrador. 

Gadus tomcod Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 133, Long Island; after 

Schopf. 
Gadus frost Walbaum, loc. cit., 134, North America. 
Gadus tomcodus pruinosus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

269, New York. 
Gadus tomcodus fuscus Mitchill, loc. cit., 369, New York. 
Gadus tomcodus luteus Mitchill, loc. cit., 369, New York. 
Gadus tomcodus mixtus Mitchill, loc. cit., 369, New York. 
Gadus polymorphus Mitchill, loc. cit., 369, New York. 
Morrhua americana Storer, Rept. Fish. Mass., 1839, 120, coast of 

Massachusetts. 

1647. Microgadus proximus (Girard). California tomcod. 

West coast of North America, from Monterey to Alaska. 

Gadus proximus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 141, 

San Francisco. 
Morrhua californica Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 8, San 

Francisco. 

Genus 536. GADUS Linnaeus. Codfishes. 

Gadus (Artedi) Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 251 (Gadus morrhua L.). 
Morrhua Oken, Isis, 1817, 1182, after "Les Morrhues" Cuvier (Gadus 

morrhua L.). 
Cephus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Class. Fish., II, 1839, 300 (Gadus macro- 

cephalus Tilesius). 
Cerdo Gistel, Thierreich, X, 1848 (Gadus morrhua L., by implication). 

1648. Gadus morrhua Linnaeus. Common codfish. 

North Atlantic, south to Virginia. 

Gadus callarias Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 252, Baltic Sea and 

ocean off Europe; young. 
Gadus morrhua Linnaeus, loc. cit., seas of Europe; name preferred by 

first reviser. 
Gadus vertagus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 143; after Jagershen. 
IGadus heteroglossus Walbaum, loc. cit., 144; after Hornbogen of Klein. 
Gadus arenosus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 368, 

New York. 
Gadus rupestns Mitchill, loc. cit., 368, New York. 
IGadus nanus Faber, Natur. Fische Islands, 1829, 112, 182, Iceland. 

1649. Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius. Alaska codfish; Pacific cod. 

Bering Sea, south to coast of Oregon. 

Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius, Mem. Acad. Sci. St. Petersb., II, 1810, 

360, Bering Sea. 
Gadus pygmseus Pallas, Zoogr. Ross.-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 199, Kamchatka. 
Gadus auratus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1873, 30, Unalaska. 

1650. Gadus ogac Richardson. Greenland codfish; Ogac. 

Greenland; Godhaven. 

Gadus ogac Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 246, Greenland. 

Genus 537. MELANOGRAMMUS GiU. 

Melanogrammus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 280 

(Gadus xglefinus Linnaeus). 
Jiglefinus Malm, Goteborg och Bohuslans Fauna, 1877, 481 (Gadu» 
xglefinus h. — jiglefmus linnsei Malm). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 211 

1651. Melanogrammus eeglefinus (Linnseus). Haddock. 

North Atlantic, on both coasts. 

Gadus aeglefinus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 251, ocean off Europe. 

Morrhua -puctatus Fleming, Brit. Anim., 1828, 191. 

^glefinus linnaei Malm, Goteborg Bohuslans Fauna, 1877, 481. 

Genus 538. lEPIDION Swainson. 

Lepidion Swainson, Nat. Hist. Class'n Anim., I, 1838, 318, and II, 
1839, 300 (L. rubescens Swainson = Gadus lepidion Risso); not 
Lepidia Savigny, 1817, 
Haloporphyrus Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 358 {Gadus lepidion Risso). 

1652. Lepidion verecundum Jordan and Cramer. 

Off Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Lepidion verecundum Jordan and Cramer, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIX, 
1896, 456, Clarion Island, Mexico. 

Genus 539. MICROLEPIDIUM Garman. 

Microlepidium Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 180, 
(Af. grandiceps Garman). 

1653. Microlepidium grandiceps Garman. 

Gulf of California in deep water. 

Microlepidium grandiceps Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899, 181, PI. XLIII, Gulf of California. 

Genus 540. ANTIMORA Gunther. 

Antimora Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., II, 1878, 18 (A. 
rostrata Gunther). 

1664. Antimora viola (Goode and Bean). 

Banks of Newfoundland and southward. 

Haloporhyrus viola Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 
257, LaHave Bank in 400 fathoms. 

1655. Antimora micrclepis Bean. 

Pacific Ocean, off Queen Charlotte Islands. 

Antimora microlepis Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 38, lat. 
51° 00' 23" N., long. 130° 34' W., off Cape St. James, Queen Char- 
lotte Islands, in 875 fathoms. 

1656. Antimora rhina Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Antimora rhina Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 185, 
off Bay of Panama. 

Genus 541. GADEILA Lowe. 

Gadella Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1843, 91 (G. gracilis Lowe). 
Uraleptus Costa, Wiegmann's Archiv Naturgesch., 1858, 87 {Gadus 
maraldi Risso). 

1657. Oadella maraldi (Risso). 

Nice; Madeira; Naples and Catania; also off island of Nevis in the 

West Indies. 
Gadus maraldi Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 123, pi. 6, fig. 13, Nice. 
Gadella gracilis Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. lx)nd., 1843, 91, Madeira. 

Genus 542. LOTELIA Kaup. 

Lotella Kaup, Wiegmann's Archiv, 1858, 88 {Lota phycis Temminck 
and Schlegel). 

1658. Lotella maxillaris Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Lotella maxillaris Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 241, lat. 39° 
55' N., long. 70° 28' W., in 396 fathoms. 

Genus 543. PHTSICULUS Kaup. 

Physiculua Kaup, Wiegmann's Archiv, 1858, 88 (P. dalwigkii Kaup). 

1650. Physiculus kaupi Poey. 

Cuba. 

Physiculus kaupi Poey, Repertorio, I, 1865, 186, Matanzas, Cuba. 



212 V. S. BUREAtJ OF FISHERIES 

1660. Physiculus fulvus Bean. 

Caribbean Sea and north in the Gulf Stream to latitude 35°. 
Physiculus fulvus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 240, lat. 40° 
1' N., long. 69° 56' W., 79 fathoms. 

1661. Physiculus nematopus Gilbert. 

On both coasts of Lower California, in deep water. 

Pfnjsiculus nematopus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 

114, on both coasts of Lower California, at Albatross stations 2997, 

3011, 3015, and 3016, in 71 to 221 fathoms. 

1662. Physiculus rastrelliger Gilbert. 

Off Panama to southern California in deep water. 

Physiculus rastrelliger Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 113, 
coast of southern California. 

1663. Physiculus longipes Garman. 

Off Panama in deep water. 

Physiculus longipes Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, XXIV, 1899, 
188. PL XLii, off Bay of Panama. 

Genus 544. LOTA Cuvier. Burbots. 

Les Lottes Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 1, II, 1817, 215 (Gadus lota L.). 
Lota Oken, Isis, 1817, 1182 {Gadus lota L.). 

1664. Lota maculosa (LeSueur). Burbot; Lake lawyer; Ling; Alekey trout; Eel 

pout and Long-tailed cat (trade names at Sandusky, Ohio); Mud 

blower. 
Rivers and lakes of New England and the Great Lakes region, north to 

Arctic seas, and west to the upper Missouri and Columbia River 

Basins. 
Gadus maculosus LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci... Phila., I, 1817, 83, 

Lake Erie. 
Gadus compressus LeSueur, loc. cit., 84, Connecticut River, 
Gadus lacustris Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 244, Sebago 

Lake, Maine; not of Walbaum. 
Molva huntia LeSueur, M6m. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, V, 1819, 161, 

Connecticut River. 
Lota inornata DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 283, pi. 45, fig. 

145, Hudson River, Lansingburgh, N. Y. 
Lota brosmiana Storer, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., IV, 1841, 58, pi. 5, fig. 1, 

Laie Winnipissiogee, N. H. 

Genus 545. MOLVA Fleming. Lings. 

Molva Fleming, Hist. Brit. Anim., 1828, 192 {Gadus molva h.=Molva 

vulgaris Fleming). 
Molva Nilsson, Scandinavian Fauna, IV, 1832, 573 (Gadus molva L.). 

1665. Molva molva (Linnaeus). Ling; Lverksoak. 

Spitzbergen to Gulf of Gascony, Arcachon; San Juan de Luz; Iceland; 

Greenland; Faroe Islands. 
Gadus molva LinnxMis, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 254, seas of Europe. 

Genus 546. PHYCIS Rose. Codlings. 

Phycis Rose, Synonomia, etc., ed. II, 1793 (<^vxi-s Aristotle = Phycis 

tinea Schroeder); not Phycis Fabricius, 1798, a genus of insects. 
Phycis Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., 1818, 242 (Phycis marginatus 

Rafinesque = B/ermiMs chisso Walbaum). 

1666. Phycis earlli Bean. 

Cliarleston, S. C. 

Phycis earlli Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 69, Charleston, 
S. C. 

1667. Phycis cirratus Goode and Bean. 

Deef) waters of the Gulf of Mexico. 

Phycis cirratus Goode anri Bean, Oceanic Iclith., 1896, 358, Gulf of 
Mexico, at lat. 29° 03' 15" N., long. 88° 16' W. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 213 

Genus 547. UROPHYCIS Gill. 

Phijcis Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 56 {tinea = hlennioides), 
not Phycis Fabricius, 1798, a genus of Lepidoptera. 

Urophycis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 240 {Blennius 
regius Walbaiim). 

Emphycus Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 
2552 {Gadua ienuis Mitchill). 

1668. Urophycis floridanus (Bean and Dresel). 

Pensacola, Fla. 

Phycis fJoridanus Bean and Dresel, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., II, 1884, 
100, Pensacola, Fla. 

1669. Urophycis regius (Walbaum). Spotted codling; Spotted hake. 

North Atlantic, south to Cape Fear. 

Blennius regius Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 186; after Schopf. 

Enchelyopus regalis Bloch and (Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 53; after 

Schopf. 
Gadus punctatus Mitchill, Trans., Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 372, 

New York. 

1670. Urophycis tenuis (Mitchill). Codling: Squirrel hake; Hake; Ling, 

Thimblc-cyed ling; White hake; Old English hake. 
North Atlantic, south to Virginia; abundant northward. 
Gadus tenuis ]\Iitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 371, New 

York. 
Phycis dekayi Kaup, Wieguiann's Archiv, 1858, Pt. I, 89, North 

America. 
'.Phycis Tostratus Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 353, no locality. 

1671. Urophycis chuss (Walbaum). Codling; Squirrel hake; Thimhlc-cycdling; 

Old English hake; Chuss; Fork-heard; Red hake. 
Atlantic coast, chiefly northward. 
Blennius chuss Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 186, Long Island; 

after Schopf. , 

Enchelyopus americanus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 53; 

after Schopf. 
Gadus longipes Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 372, pi. 1, 

fig. 4, New York. 
Phijcis marginalus Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 205, 

Point Judith, R. I. 

1672. Urophycis chesteri (Goode and Bean). 

Off Massachusetts, in deep water; abundant. 

Phycis chesteri Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 256, 
off Cape Ann, in 140 fathoms. 

Genus 548. L^ffiMONEMA Gunther. 

Ls mnnema Giintlier, Cat., IV, 1862, 356 {Phycis yarrellii Lowe). 

1673. Leemonema barbatulum Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Lsemonema barbatula Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 
1883, No. 5, 204, Gulf Stream, in lat. 32° 43' 25" N., long. 77° 20^ 
30" W., in 230 fathoms, and 38° 35' N., 73° 13' W. 

1674. Leemonema melanurum Goode and Bean. 

Caribbean Sea, north to New York. 

Lxmonema melanurum Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 363, lat. 
30° 44' N., long. 79° 26' W., in 440 fathoms. 

1675. Leemonema gracillipes Garman. 

(ralaf)ag()s Islands to Bay of Panama in deep water. 
Lsemnnema gracillipes Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1K99. 
1S7, PI. XLII; olf Galapagos Islands. 

Genus 549. BROSME Oken. Cusk. 

Brosme Oken, Isis, 1817, 1182 {Gadus brosme Miiller); after Lcs Brosme.s 

Cuvier. 
Brosmerus LeSueur, Mdm. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 1819, 158, PI. XVI 

{Brosmerus flavesny ]jcii\icur = Gad us brosme Miiller). 
Brosmius Cuvier, Regno Auim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 354 {Gadus brosme 

Miiller). 



214 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1676. Brosme brosme (MuUer). Cusk; European cusk; Nejorpallujak; Torsk; 

Tusk. 
Polar regions, south to Cape Cod. 

Gadus brosme Miiller, Prodr. Zool. Dan., 1776, 41, Denmark. 
Gadus torsk Bonnaterre, Encycl. Meth. Ichth., 1788, 51, Sundmer, 

Norway; after Strom. 
Brosmerus flavesny LeSueur, M^m., Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, V, 1819, 158, 

Banks of Newfoundland; Marblehead, Mass. 

Family 127. MERLUCnD.£. Hakes 

Genus 550. MERLUCCIUS Raflnesque. Hakes. 

Merluccius Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 25 (Af. smiridus Rafinesque = 

Gadus merluccius L.). 
Onus Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 12; substitute for Merluccius. 
Merlangus Rafinesque, loc. cit., 167, another substitute for Merluccius. 
Merlus Gay, in Guichenot, Pesces de Chile, II, 1848, 238 (Merlus gayi 

Guichenot) . 
Epicopus Giinther, Cat., II, 1860, 248 {Merlus gayi Guichenot). 

1677. Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus). European hake. 

Coasts of Europe, straying to Greenland. 

Gadus merluccius Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 254, no locality; 
Europe. 

Gadus ruber Lacdpede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 673, Scotland; Dieppe. 

Gadus merlus Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 122, Nice; after Linnaeus. 

Onus riali Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 12, 67; substitute for Gadus mer- 
luccius. 

Merlucius esculentus Risso, Europ. M6rid., Ill, 1826, 220, Nice. 

Merluccius ambiguus Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1840, 37, Madeira. 

Merlucius lanatus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, ed. Gray, 1854, 130, Mediter- 
ranean. 

1678. Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill). Silver hake; New England hake; 

Whiting; Old England hake; Silverfish; American hake; Stockfish. 
Coast of New York and northward. 

Stomodon bilinearis Mitchill, Rept. Fish. N. Y., 1814, 7, New York. 
Gadus albidus Mitchill, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., I, 1817, 409, New 

York. 

1679. Merluccius productus (Ayres). 

Pacific coast, from San Diego northward to Washington. 

Merlangus productus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 64 

(65), no locality given; types from San Francisco market, probably 

from San Francisco Bay. 
Ilomalopomus trowbridgii Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 

1856, 132, Astoria, Oreg. 

1680. Merluccius angustimanus Garman. 

Off Panama, in deep water. 

Merluccius angustimanus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 
1899, 183, PI. XLI, fig. 1, off Bay of Panama. 

Order GG. SALMOPERC^ 

Family 128. PERCOPSIDiE. Sand rollers ; Trout perch 

Genus 551. PERCOPSIS Agassiz. 

Percopsis Aga.ssiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 284 (P. guttatus Agassiz = 

Salmo omiscomaycus Walbaum). 
Salmoperc.a Thompson, App. Hist. Vermont, 1853, 33 (<S. pellucida 

Thompson = »So/mo omiscomaycus Walbaum). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 215 

1681. Percopsis omiscomaycus (.Walbaum) . Sand roller; Trout perch. 

Lake Champlain and Delaware River to Ohio River, Kansas, and 

northward; Great Lakes; Hudson Bay; Red River of the North; 

Saskatchewan River. 
Salmo omiscomaycus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 65, Hudson Bay. 
Percopsis guttatus Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 286, Lake Superior. 
Salmoperca pellucida Thompson, App. Hist. Vermont, 1853, 33, Lake 

Champlain. 
Percopsis hammondii Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 

151, Kansas. 

Genus 552. COLUMBIA Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Columbia Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Science, XX, Oct. 21, 1892, 233 
(C trans montana Eigenmann and Eigenmann). 

1682. Columbia transmontana Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Columbia River Basin; Umatilla and Wallula Rivers. 
Columbia transmontana Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Science, XX, 
1892, 233, mouth of Umatilla River, Oreg. 

Order HH. XENARCHI 

Family 129. APHREDODERID.ffi. Pirate perches 

Genus 553. APHREDODERUS LeSueur. Pirate perches. 

Aphredoderus LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

IX, 1833, 329 (445), {A. gibbosus LeSueur = Scolopsis sayanus 

Gilliams). 
Sternotremia Nelson, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1876, 39 [S. isolepis 

Nelson) ; young with the vent posterior. 
Asternotremia Nelson, in Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 51. 
Aphododerus, attempted correction. 

1683. Aphredoderus sayanus (Gilliams). Pirate perch; Pirate; Mud perch. 

From New York in coastwise streams to Texas; also in the Missis.sippi 

Basin, north to Michigan; abundant in sluggish waters. 
Scolopsis sayanus Gilliams, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IV, 1824, 81, 

near Philadelphia. 
Aphredoderus gibbosus LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 

Poi.ss., IX, 1833, 331 (448), Lake Pontchartrain, La. 
Sternotremia isolepis Nelson, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1876, 39. 

Calumet River, 111.; young with vent posterior. 
Aphododerus cookianus Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 

1877, 60, Sawyers Creek, Kendallville, Ind. 
Asternotremia mesotrema Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 52, 

FUnt River, Ga. 

Order H. ALLOTRIOGNATHI 

Suborder HISTICHTHYES 

Family 130. LOPHOTIDiE 

Genus 554. lOPHOTES Giorna. 

Lophntes Giorna, M6m. Acad. Sci. Torino, XVI, 1805, 19 (L. cepedianui 

Giorna). 
Leptopus Rafinesque, Specchio Scienze Palermo, I, 1814, 16 (L. peregrinus 

Rafinesque = Lop/io(es cepedianus Giorna). 
Podoleptus Rafinesque, Anal. Nat., 1815, 93; a substitute for Leptopus; 

same type. 

1684. Lophotes cepedianus Giorna. 

Open seas north to Long Beach, Calif. (W. F. Thompson), and to 

Japan, if Lophotes capellei is the same. 
Lophotes cepedianus Giorna, M6m. Acad. Sci. Torino, XVI, 1803, 19, 

Mediterranean. 
Leptopus peregrinus Rafinesque, Specchio Scienze Palermo, I, 1814. 

16, Palermo. 
TLophotes capellei Schlegel, Fauna Japonica, 1845, 132, pi. 71, Japan. 



216 U. S. BUREAU OY FISHERIES 

Suborder T^NIOSOMI ' 
Family 131. TRACHIPTERIDiE. King of the herrings 

Genus 555. TRACHIPTERUS Gouan. 

Trachiptcnis Gouaii, Ili.st. Nat. Poiss., 1770, 103 (7'. (jounni Gouan = 

Cephola tracbyptera Gmclin). 
Trachijptcrufi of authors; corrected .spellins. 
Bogmanis Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 518 {B. islandicus Schneider = 

Trachiplerus arclicus). 
Vogmarus Reid, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist-, III, 1849, 456 (B. islandicus 

Schneider) ; substitute name as the Danish name is VaagmjBr. 

1685. Trachipterus arcticus (Briinnich). Dealfish; Vaagmar. 

Arctic Sea, Iceland to Norway. 

Gytnnogaster arcticus Briinnich, Nva. Handl., Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. 

Skrifter, III, 1788, 408, Tab. B,' figs. 1-3. 
Bogmarus islandicus Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 518, Tab. 101. 
Trachypterus bogmarus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., X, 

1827?, 346. 
Trachypterus vogmarus Reinhardt, Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. Skrifter, 

VII, 1838, 71, with fig. 

1686. Trachipterus rex-salmonorum Jordan and Gilbert. King of the 

salmon. 

Off coast of California. 

Trachypterus rex-salmonorum Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., 2d ser., IV, 1894, 144, pi. 9, open sea, outside Bay of San Fran- 
cisco. 

Trachypterus seleniris Snyder, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LX, 1908, 
319, Monterey; adult form. 

1687. Trachipterus trachyurus Poey. 

Cuba. 

Trachypterus trachyurus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 420, Cuba. 

Suborder ATELAXIA 

Family 132. STYLEPHORID^ 

Genus 556. STYLEPHORUS Shaw. 

Stylrphorus Shaw, Trans, i^inn. See. Lond., I, 1791, 90 (S. chordatus 
Shaw) . 

1688. Stylephorus chordatus Shaw. 

Open sea, Atlantic; very rare. 

Stylephorus chordatus Shaw, Trans., Linn. Soc. Lond., I, 1791, 90, pi. 
6, Atlantic, between Cuba and Martiniciuc. 

Order JJ. SELENICHTHYES 

Family 133. LAMPRID^. Opah; Moonfish 

Genus 557. LAMPRIS Retzius. 

Lampris Retzius, Vetensk. Akad. Nya Handl., XX, 1799, 91 {Zeus 

guttatus Briinnich = Ztwt.s regius Bonnaterre). 
Chrysotosus Lacep^de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1803 {Zeus luna Gmelin). 
Echemythes Gistel, Thierreich, X, 1848 {Zeus luna Gmelin). 

1689. Lampris regius (Bonnaterre). Mariposa; Opah; Moonfish; San Pedro 

fish; Cruvo; Jerusalem haddock; Glancefish; Gudlax; Poisson lune. 
Open seas, Atlantic and Pacific; Madeira; Newfoundland; Maine; 

Cuba; Monterey; Hawaii; Japan; recently taken off San Pedro. 
Zeus regius ^s Bonnaterre, Encycl. Meth. Ichth., 1788, 72, pi. 39, 

Torbay, England. 
Zeus guttatus Briinnich, Danske Skrifter, III, 1788, 403, Elsinore, 

Denmark. 
Zeus luna Gmelin, Syst. Nat., ed. XIII, 1789, 1225, Normandy. 

•• The name regius certainly has priority over luna and probably over guttatus al-so. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 217 

Zevs stroemii Walbaum, Artedi Pise, ed. 2, 1792, 398, Norway; after 

Strom. 
Scomber gunncri Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 38, Thrond- 

hjem. 
Zeus imperialis Shaw, Nat. Misc., IV, 1803, pi. 140, Torbay; after 

Pennant. 
Zeus opah Shaw, Gen. Zool., IV, 1803, 287, Torbay; after Pennant. 
Lampris lauta Lowe, Fishes Madeira, 1843, 27, INIadeira. 

Order KK. HETEROSOMATA. Flounders ; Flatfishes 

Family 134. BOTHID^ 

Genus 558. lOPHOPSETTA Gill. Windowpanes. 

Lophopsetla Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 220 {Pleuro- 
nectes maculatus Mitchill). 

1690. Lophopsetta macuJata (Mitchill). Windowpane. 

Atlantic coast of United States, from Casco Bay to South Carolina; 

common. 
Pleuronectes maculatus Mitchill, Rept. in part. Fish. N. Y., 1814, 9, 

New York. 
Pleuronectes aquosus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 389, 

pi. 2, fig. 3, New York. 

Genus 559. PLATOPHRYS Swainson. 

Platophrys Swainson, Nat. Ili.st. Fish., Reptiles and Amphib., II, 1839, 
302 (Pleuronectes occUatus Spix and Agas.siz). 

Peloria Cocco, Intorn. Akuni Pcsci, etc., 1844. 21 (P. heckeli Cocco). 

Coccolus Bonaparte loc. cit., 21 (C annectens Cocco, a larva of Plato- 
phrys) . 

Bothus Bonaparte, Cat. Metod., 1846, 49 {podas); not of Rafincsfiue. 

Rhomboidicfdhi/s Blceker, Act. Soc. Sci. Indo-Neder., I, 1856, 67 {R. 
inyriaster Bleeker). 

1691. Platophrys spinosus (Poey). 

West Indies. 

Rhomboid ichthys spinosus Poey, Synop.sis, 1868, 409, Cuba. 

1692. Platophrys constellatus Jordan. 

GaUii>agos Ishuuis. 

Platophrys constellatus Jordan, in Jordan and Go.ss, Rept. U. S. Fish 
Com., XIV, 1886 (1889), 266, James Island, Galapagos Islands. 

1693. Platophrys ocellatus (Agassiz). 

Tropical America; sandy shores from Long Island*to Rio Janeiro. 
Rhombus ocellatus Agassiz, in Sy)ix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 85, pi. 46, Brazil. 
Rhombus bahianus Castolnau, .\niin. .\nier. Sud, 1855, Bahia. 
Platophrys nebularis Jordan and Gillicrt, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 
1884, 31, Key West, Fla. 

1694. Platophrys maculifer (Poey). 

West Indies. 

tPleuronectes maculiferus Poey, Mcmorias, II, 1861, 316, Cicnfuegos, 
Cuba. 

1695. Platophrys ellipticus (Poey). 

West Indies. 

Pleiirotirctes dliiiticus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 315, Cuba. 

1696. Platophrys lunatus (Linnajus). Peacock flounder. 

West Indies. 

Solea lunata ct punctata (the sole) Catesby, Nat. Hist. CaroHnas, '1725, 

Tab. 27, Bahamas. 
Pleuronectes lunatus Linnirus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 269, Bahamas; 

based on Catesby anfl the various copyists. 
Pleuronectes argus Bloch, Ichthyologia, 1783, Tab. 48, Martinique; 

after Plumier. 
TPleuronectes surinamcnsis Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 156, 

Surinam; satis parva et glabra. 



218 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1697. Platophrys leopardinus (Giinther). 

Ciulf of California. 

Rhomboidichthija leopardinus Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 434, locality 

unknown. 
Platophrys leopardinus Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 260, 

specimen from Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. 

Genus 560. SYACIUM Ranzani. 

Syaciurn Ranzani, Nov. Spec. Pise, 1840, 20 (S. micrurum Ranzani). 
Hemirhombus Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, XIII, 1862, 425 (H. 

guineensis Bleeker). 
Aramaca Jordan and Goss, in Jordan, Cat. Fish. N. Amer., 1885, 133 

{Citharichthys psetulus Jordan and Gilbert =PZeuronecfes aramaca 

D6nndorf = PZeuronecies papillosus Linnseus). 

1698. Syacium papillosum (LinnsRus). 

West Indies. 

Aramaca Marcgrave, Hist. Pise. Brasil., 1648, 181, Brazil. 

Pleuronectes papillosus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 271, Brazil; 

based on Marcgrave. 
Rhornbus soleseformis Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 86, Tab. 47, 

Atlantic Ocean. 

1699. Syacium micrurum Ranzani. 

West Indies; Key West to Rio Janeiro. 

Syacium micrurum Ranzani, Nov. Spec. Pise. Diss. Sec, 1840, 20, pi. 5, 

Brazil. 
Hippoglossus ocellatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 314, Cuba. 
Hemirhombus aramaca Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 42, Cuba; Jamaica; 

not Rhombus aramaca Cuvier. 
Citharichthys xlhalion Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 52, 

Habana. 

1700. Syacium latifrons (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama. 

Citharichthys latifrons Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 
1881, 334, Panama. 

1701. Syacium ovale (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Mazatlan to Panama. 

Hemirhombus ovalis Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 154, Panama. 

Genus 561. CITHARICHTHYS Bleeker. Whiffs. 

Citharichthys Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterd., XIII, 1862, 427 (C. 

cayennensis Bleeker=C. spilopterus Giinther). 
Orthopsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 330 {Psettich- 

thys sordi'dus Girard). 
Metonops Gill, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 198 (M. cooperi Gm= Psettichthys 

sordidus Girard). 

Subgenus ORTHOPSETTA Gill. 

1702. Citharichthys sordidus (Girard). 

Pacific coast of North America, in water of moderate depth from 

British Columbia to Lower California. 
Psettichthys sordidus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

142, San Francisco; Tomales Bay. 
Metaponops cooperi Gill, loc. cit., XVI, 1864, 198, Santa Barbara; 

shriveled specimen. 

1703. Citharichthys fragilis Gilbert. 

Gulf of California. 

Citharichthys fragilis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 120, 
Gulf of California, east coast of Lower California. 

1704. Citharichthys xanthostigmus Gilbert. 

Magdalena Bay, west coast of Lower California to Hermosa Beach, 
southern California, and in Gulf of California. 

Citharichthys xanthostigma Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 
120, Gulf of California, west coast of Lower California, and Magda- 
lena Bay. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 219 

1705. Citharichthys stigmaeus Jordan and Gilbert. 

Coast of southern California. 

Citharichthys stigmaeus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mu?., V, 
1882, 410, 411, Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Subgenus CITHARICHTHYS. 

1706. Citharichthys dinoceros Goode and Bean. 

Deep waters of Gulf of Mexico. 

Citharichthys dinoceros Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 
No. 5, 157, off Martinique, St. Lucia, and Barbados. 

1707. Citharichthys platophrys Gilbert. 

Southwest of Panama; one specimen known. 

Citharichthys platophrys Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 
454, Albatross station 2799, southwest of Panama. 

1 708. Citharichthys arctifrons Goode. 

Deep waters of Gulf Stream. 

Citharichthys arctifrons Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 341, 
472, Gulf Stream off southern coast of New England. 

1709. Citharichthys unicornis Goode. 

Deep waters of Gulf Stream. 

Citharichthys unicornis Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 342, 
Gulf Stream off southeast of New England. 

1710. Citharichthys uhleri Jordan. 

West Indies. 

Citharichthys uhleri Jordan, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1886, 273, 
Haiti. 

1711. Citharichthys macrops Dresel. 

South Atlantic and Gulf coa.sts of the United States. 
Citharichthys macrops Dresel, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 539, 
Pensacola, Fla. 

1712. Citharichthys spilopterus Gunthcr. 

Both coasts of tropical America, north to New Jersey and Mazatlan. 
Citharichthys sptloptcrus Gunther, Cat., IV, 1862, 421, New Orleans, 

San Domingo, Jamaica. 
Citharichthys cayennensis Bleeker, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Amsterdam. 

XIII, 1862, 6, Cayenne, name only. 

Citharichthys gualemalensis Bleeker, Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk., 1864, 73, 

Guatemala. 
Hemirhombus fuscus Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 406, Habana. 

1713. Citharichthys arenaceus E\ermann and Marsh. 

Porto Rico and Santo Domingo. 

Citharichthys arenaceus Evermann and Marsh, Bull. U. S. Fish Com 
XX, first part, 1900 (1902), 326, fig. 106, Mayaguez, Porto Rico. 

1714. Citharichthys gilberti Jenkins and Evermann. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Gulf of California to Panama. 
Citharichthys gilberti Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XI, 1888, 157, Guaymas, Mexico. 
Citharichthys sumichrasti Jordan and Goss, Rept. U. S. Fish Com 

XIV, 1886 (1889) 276, Rio Zanatenco, Chiapas, Mexico. 

Genus 562. ETROPUS Jordan and Gilbert. 

Elropus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 364 {E. 
rrossntus Jordan and Gill^ert). 

1715. Etropus microstomus (Gill). 

Coa.st of New Jersey. 

Citharichthys microstomus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 
1864, 223, Beesleys Point, N. J. 

1716. Etropus micros (Fowler). 

Citharichthys micros Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIII, 1911, 
200, with figure, Corsons Inlet, Cape May, N. J. 



220 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1717. Etropus rimosus Goode and Bean, 

Gulf of Mexico. 

Etropus rimosus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 
593, coast of Florida bet>Aeen Pensacola and Cedar Keys, in 21 

fathoms. 

1718. Etropus crossotus Jordan and Gilbert. 

Tropical America on both coasts, north to Guajmas, Mexico, and 

Cape Hatteras, N. C. 
Etropus crossotus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 

364, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 563. PERISSIAS Jordan and Evermann. 

Perissias Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 
2667 {Platophrys txniopterus Gilbert). 

1719. Perissias taeniopterus (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California and western coast of Lower California. 

Flaiophrys taeniopterus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 118, 

Gulf of California north of La Paz, at Albatross station 2298, lat. 

24° 51' N., long. 110° 39' W., in 40 fathoms. 

Genus 564. ENGYOPHRYS Jordan and BoUman. 

Engyophrys Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1889 
(.1890), 176 {E. sancti-laurentii Jordan and Bollman). 

1720. Engyophrys sancti-laurentii Jordan and Bollman. 

Pacific Ocean off coast of Colombia. 

Engyophrys sancti-laurentii Jordan and Bollman, Proc, U. S. Nat. 
Mus., XII, 1889, 176, Pacific Ocean off coast of Colombia, at Albatross 
station 2805, 7° 56' N., 79° 41' 30" W., and station 2795, lat. 7° 
57' N., long. 78° 55' W., in 33 and 51 fathoms. 

Genus 565. TRICHOPSETTA Gill. 

Trichopsctta Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 601 {Arnoglossus 
ventralis Goode and Bean). 

1721. Trichopsetta ventralis (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf of Mexico, in deep water. 

Citharichthys ventralis Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

VIII, 1885, 592, Gulf of Mexico, Albatross station 2386, lat. 29° 

15' N., long. 88' 6° W., in 60 fathoms. 

Genus 566. MONOLENE Goode. 

Monolene Goode, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 338 (M. sessilicauda 

Goode). 
Thrjris Goode, loc cit., 344 {T. pellucidus Goode); larva of Monolene. 
Delothyris Goode, loc. cit., VI, 1883, 110; substitute for Thyris, pre- 
occupied. 

1722. Monolene sessilicauda Goode. 

Deep waters of the Gulf Stream. 

Monolene sessilicauda Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 337, 338, 

deep sea south of New England. 
Thyris pellucidus Goode, loc. cit., 344, Gulf Stream off the coast of 

Rhode Island. 

1723. Monolene atrimana Goode and Bean. 

Deep waters of the Caribbean Sea. 

Monolene atrimana Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 
1886, 155, deep waters off Barbados. 

Genus 567. CYCLOPSETTA Gill. 

Cyclupsclta Gill, Proc U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 601 {Hemirhombus 
fimbriatus Goode and Bean). 

1724. Cyclopsetta fimbriata (Goode and Bean). 

Deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. 

Ucinirhombus fimbriatus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

VIII, 1885, 591, deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico, between the 

Mississippi Delta and Cedar Keys, Fla. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 221 

1725. Cyclopsetta querna (Jordan and BoUman). 

Pacific coast of America, off coast of Colombia. 

Azevia querna Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1889, 

174, Pacific Ocean off coast of Colombia, at Albatross station 2802, 

lat. 8° 38' N., long. 79° 31' 30" W. 

1726. Cyclopsetta chittendeni B. A. Bean. 

Trinidad Island. 

Cyclopsetta chittendeni B. A. Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894, 
635, Trinidad Island. 

Genus 568. AZEVI4 Jordan and Goss. 

Azevia Jordan and Goss, Kept. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1886 (1888), 
271 {Citharichthys -panamensis Stcindachner). 

1727. Azevia panamensis (Steindachner) . 

Pacific coast of Central America. 

Citharichthys panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 62, 
Panama. 

Genus 569. PLATOTICHTHYS Nichols. 

Platotichthys Nichols, Bull. Anier. Mus. Nat. Hist., XLIV, 1921, 21 
(P. chartes Nichols). 

1728. Platotichthys chartes Nichols. 

Bahamas. 

Platotichthys chartes Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., XLIV, 
1921, 21, pi. Ill, Turk Island, Bahamas. 

Family 135. HIPPOGLOSSIDiE. Hahbuts 

Genus 570. ATHERESTHES Jordan and Gilbert. 

Alhcresthes Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 51 
{Flntysomaticlilhys stomias Jordan and Gilbert). 

1729. Atheresthes stomias (Jordan and Gilbert). Arrow-toothed halibut. 

San Francisco to Alaska. 

Platysomalichthys stomias Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
Ill, 1880, 301, off San Francisco, Calif. 

Genus 571. REINHARDTIUS Gill. 

Reinhardtius Gill, Cat. Fishes East Coast N. Amer., Suppl. Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1801, 50 (Pleuronectes c?/no^/os.s?fs Fabricius; not 
of hinnaniH=: Pleuronectes hippoglossoides Walbaum). 

Platysomatichthys Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, XIII, 1862, 426 
{Pleuronectes pinguis Fabricius). 

1730. Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Walbaum). Greenland halibut. 

Arctic parts of the Atlantic, south to Finland and Grand Banks. 
Pleuronectes cynoglossus Fabricius, Fauna Grcenlandica, 1780, 163, 

Greenland; not of Linnseus. 
Pleuronectes hippoglossoides Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 115; based 

on Fabricius. 
Pleuronectes pinguis Fabricius, Zoologiske Bidrag., 1824, 43, Greenland. 
Hippoglossus groenlandicus Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 404, Greenland. 

Genus 572. HIPPOGLOSSUS Cuvier. Halibut. 

Hippoglossus Cuvier, R5gne Anim., ed. 1, II, 1817, 221 (Pleuronectes 

hippoglossus Linnajus). 

1731. Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Linnseus). Common halibut. 

AU northern seas, southward in deep waters to France, Sandy Hook, 

and northern California. 
Pleuronectes hippoglossus Linnajus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 269, 

European oceans. 
Hippoglossus maximus Gottsche, Archiv fiir Naturgesch., 1835, 164, 

no locality. 
Hippoglossus gigas Swainson, Nat. Hist. Class'n Anim., II, 1839, 302, 

no locality. 
Hippoglossus ponticus Bonaparte, Cat. Metod., 1846, 47, Black Sea; 

after Pallas. 

6424°— 29 16 



222 V. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 573. LYOPSETTA Jordan and Goss. 

Lyopsetta Jordan and Goss, in Jordan, Cat. Fish. N. Amer., 1885, 135 
(Hippoglossoides exilis Jordan and Gilbert). 

1732. Lyopsetta exilis (Jordan and Gilbert). 

North Pacific, in rather deep water; San Francisco to Alaska. 
Hippoglossoides exilis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, off San Francisco, between the Golden Gate and Point Reyes, 
■ CaUf. 

Genus 574. HIPPOGLOSSOIDES Gottsche. 

Hippoglossoides Gottsche, Archiv fiir Natujgesch., 1835, 164 (Pleuro- 

nectes limanda Linnjeus). 
Citharus Reinhardt, Kong. Dansk. Vid Selsk., 1838, 116 {Pleuronecles 

platessoides Fabricius; not Citharus Bleeker, 1862). 
Drepanopsetia Gill, Cat. Fish. East Coast N. Amer., Suppl. Proc. 

Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 50 {Pleuronecles platessoides 

Fabricius). 
Pomalopsetta Gill, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 217 (Platessa 

dcnlata = Pleuronecles platessoides Fabricius). 

1733. Hippoglossoides platessoides (Fabricius). Sand dab; Dab. 

North Atlantic, south to Cape Cod, and coasts of England and Scan- 
dinavia. 

Pleuronecles linguatula Miiller, Prodr. Zool. Dan., 1776, 45; not of 
Linnaeus. 

Pleuronecles platessoides Fabricius, Fauna Grcenlandica, 1780, 164, 
Greenland. 

Pleuronecles limandoides Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, III, 1787, 
24, Tab. 186, Europe. 

1734. Hippoglossoides elassodon Jordan and Gilbert. 

Puget Sound and northward. 

Hippoglossoides elassodon Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
Ill, 1880, 278, Puget Sound at Seattle and Tacoma, Wash. 

1735. Hippoglossoides robustus Gill and Townsend. 

Bering Sea. 

Hippoglossoides robustus Gill and Townsend, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 

XI, 1897 (Sept. 17), Bering Sea, lat. 56° 14' N., long. 164° 08' W., 

Albatross station 3541 in 49 fathoms. 

1736. Hippoglossoides hamiltoni Jordan and Gilbert. 

Off Dalnoi Point, Kamchatka. 

Hippoglossoides hamiltoni Jordan and Gilbert, Rept. Fur-seal Invest.. 
1898, 489, Dalnoi Point, Avatcha Bay, Kamchatka, in 16 fathoms. 

Genus 575. EOPSETTA Jordan and Goss. 

Eopsetta Jordan and Goss, in Jordan, Cat. Fish. N. Amer., 1885, 135 
{Hippoglossoides jordani Lockington). 

1737. Eopsetta jordani (Lockington). California sole. 

West coast of United States, from Puget Sound to Monterey. 
Hippoglossoides jordani Lockington, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 
73, San Francisco. 

Genus 576. PSETTICHTHYS Girard. 

Psettichthys Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1854, 140 (P. 
melanosticl us Girard) . 

1738. Psettichthys raelanostictus Girard. 

Pacific coast of North America from Alaska south to Monterey. 
Psettichthys melanosticl as Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. P'hila., VII, 
1854, 140, San Francisco; Astoria, Oreg. 

Family 136. PARALICHTHYID.ffi. Bastard halibuts 

Genus 577. HIPPOGLOSSINA Steindachner. 

Hivpoqlossina Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., V, 1876, 13 (//. Tnacropa 
oteiudachuerj. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 223 

1739. Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann and Eigenmann. 

Off San Diego, Calif. 

Hippoglossina stomata Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., 2d ser., Ill, 1890, 22, San Diego, Calif. 

1740. Hippoglossina macrops Steindachner. 

Pacific coast of Mexico at Mazatlan. 

Hippoglossina macrops Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., V, 1876, 13, pi. 3, 
^lazatlan, ^lexico. 

1741. Hippoglossina bollmani Gilbert. 

Pacific coast off Colombia. 

Hippoglossina macrops Jordan and BoUman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Miis., 

XII, 1889, 175; not of Steindachner. 
Hippoglossina bollmani Gilbert, loc. cit., XIII, 1890, 122, off coast of 

Colombia at Albatross station 2805, lat. 7° 56' N., long. 79° 41' 30" 

W. in 51H fathoms. 

1742. Hippoglossina sabanensis Boulenger. 

Isthmus of Panama. 

Hippoglossina sabajiensis Boulenger, Bolletino Mus. Zool. Univ. 
Torino, XIV, 1899, 4, Rio Sabana, Darien. 

Genus 578. LIOGLOSSINA Gilbert. 

Lioglossina Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 122 (L. tetrop- 
thalma Gilbert). 

1743. Lioglossina tetrophthalma Gilbert. 

Gulf of California. 

Lioglossina tetrophthalmus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 

122, Gulf of Cahfornia, Albatross stations 3014 and 3016, in 29 and 

76 fathoms. 

Genus 579. VERASPER Jordan and Gilbert. 

Verasper Jordan and Gilbert, Rept. Fur-seal Invest., 1898, 490 {V. 
maseri Jordan and Gilbert). 

1744. Verasper moseri Jordan and Gilbert. 

Kuril Islands. 

Verasper moseri Jordan and Gilbert, Rept. Fur-seal Invest., 1898, 
490, PI. LXXXV, Shana Bay, Iturup Island, Kuril Group. 

Genus 580. XYSTREURYS Jordan and Gilbert. 

Xyslreurys Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1S80, 34 
(A', liolepis Jordan and Gilbert). 

1745. Xystreurys liolepis Jordan and Gilbert. 

Coast of California, from Point Conception southward. 
Xystreurys liolepis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 34, Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Genus 581. PARALICHTHYS Girard. Bastard halibuts. 

Paralichthys Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1859, 146 (P. maculosus 

Girard). 
Chxnopsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 218 {Platessa 

oblonga Storer). 
Pseudorhombus Bleeker, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Amsterdam, XIII, 

1862, 5 {Rhombus polyspilos Bleeker). 
Uropsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 330 (Hippo- 

glosstis calif ornicus Ayres). 

1746. Paralichthys calif ornicus (Ayres). Bastard halibut; Monterey halibut. 

Coast of Cahfornia, Tomales Bay to San Diego. 

HippoglosHus calijornicus .\vres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., ser. 1, 
II, is.59, 29, and 1860, fig. 10, San Francisco. 

1747. Paralichthys magdalense Abbott. 

Coast of Lower California. 

Paralichthys magdalenae Abbott (James Francis), in Jordan and Ever- 

mann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2871, Magialena Bay, 

Lower California. 



224 



U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



1748. Paralichthys sestuarius Gilbert and Sootield. 

Mouth of Colorado River, Gulf of California. 

Paralichthijs cTshiarixis Gilbert and Soofield, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XX, 189S, 409, PI. XXIX, Shoal Point, mouth of the Colorado River. 

1749. Paralichthys brasiliensis (Ranzani). 

Atlantic coast of South America; said to range northward to Guatemala. 
Ilippoglosiius brasiliensis Ranzani, Nov. Spec. Pise, 1840, 10, Tab. 3, 

Brazil. 
Pseudorlwmhiis vorax Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 429, South America. 

1750. Paralichthys woolmani Jordan and Williams. 

Guaymas to Panama. 

Paralichthys woolmani Jordan and Williams, in Gilbert, Proc. U. S. 
Nat. Mus., XIX, 1896, 457, Galapagos Islands. 

1751. Paralichthys sinalose Jordan and Abbott. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Paralichthys sinaloie Jordan and Abbott (J. F.), in Jordan and Evermann, 
Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2872, Mazatlan and La Paz. 

1752. Paralichthys dentatus (Linnanis). Summer flounder; Fluke. 

Atlantic coast of United States from Cape Cod to Florida. 
Pleuronectes dentatus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, and of numer- 
ous copyists. 
Pleuronectes melanogaslcr Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

390, New York; doubled example. 

Platessa ocellaris DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 300, p. 47, fig. 
152, New York. 

Paralichthys ophryas Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 822, Char- 
leston, S. C. 

1753. Paralichthys lethostigmus Jordan and Gilbert. Southern flounder. 

South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, north to New 

York. 
Platessa ohlonga DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 299, pi. 48, fig. 

156, New York; not Pleuronectes oblongus Mitchill. 
Paralichthys lethostigma Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

VII, 1884, 237, Jacksonville, Fla. 

1754. Paralichthys oblongus (Mitchill). Four-spotted flounder. 

Coasts of New England and New York. 

Pleuronectes oblongus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

391, New York. 

1755. Paralichthys squamilentus Jordan and Gilbert. 

South Atlantic d'nd Gulf coasts of United States. 

Paralichthys squamilentus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
V, 1882, 303, Pensacola, Fla. 

1756. Paralichthys albiguttus Jordan and Gilbert. Gulf flounder. 

South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. 
Paralichthys albigutta Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 
1882, 302, Pensacola, Fla., and Beaufort, N. C. 

Genus 582. ANCYLOPSETTA Gill. 

Ancylopsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 224 (A. 
quadrocellatus Gill). 

1757. Ancylopsetta quadrocellatus Gill. 

South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. 

Ancylopsetta quadrocellatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 

224, Pensacola; not Platessa quadrocellata Storer. 
Paralichthys ommatus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1882, 616, Charleston, S. C. 

Genus 583. RAMULARIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Ramularia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 
2633 {Ajicylopsetta dendrilica Gilbert). 

1758. Ramularia dendritica (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Ancylopsetta dendritica Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 

121, Gulf of California, at Albatross station 3022, lat. 30° 58' 30" N., 

long. 113° 17' 15" W., in 11 fathoms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 225 

Genus 584. NOTOSEMA Goode and Bean. 

Notosema Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zoo!., X, 1882, 193 (N. 
dilecta Goode and Bean). 

1759. Notosema dilectum Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream. 

Notosema dilecta Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, 1883, 
193, Gulf Stream off the coast of South Carolina. 

Genus 585. GASTROPSETTA B. A. Bean. 

Gastropsetta Bean, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., XVII, 1894, 633 (G. frontalis 
Bean). 

1760. Gastropsetta frontalis B. A. Bean. 

Kev West and Apalachicola, Fla. 

Gastropsetta frontalis B. A. Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1894, 

633, Key West and Apalachicola, at Albatross stations 2317 and 2783, 

in 45 fathoms. 

Family 137. PLEURONECTID.E 

Genus 586. PLEURONICHTHYS Girard. 

Pleuronichthys Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1854, 139 

(P. canosus Girard). 
Heteroprosopon Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, XIII, 1862 {Pleuro- 

nectes cornutus Temminck and ^chlegel). 
Parophrys Gunther, Cat., IV, 1862, 454; not of Girard. 

1761. Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan and Gilbert. 

Pacific coast of United States, south to Monterey. 

Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
Ill, 1880, 453, San Francisco; Monterey Buy. 

1762. Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan and Gilbert. 

Coast of California, in deep water. 

Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
Ill, 1880, 49, San Francisco. 

1763. Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard. 

Alaska, southward to San Diego; most common about Paget Sound. 
Pleuronichthys coenosus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 
139, San Francisco. 

1764. Pleuronichthys nephelus Starks and Thompson. 

Pugct Sound. 

Pleuronichthys nephelus Starks and Thompso.i, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XXXVIII, 1911, 282, fig. 1, San Juan Islands, Wash. 

1765. Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks and Morris. 

San Diego Bay. 

Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks and Morris in Starks & Thompson, Proc. 
U. S. Nat. iVIus., XXXVIII, 1811, 287, San Diego, Calif. 

1766. Pleuronichthys ocellatus Starks and Thompson. 

Gulf of California. 

Pleuronichthys orellatus Starks and Thompson, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XXXVIII, 1911, 285, fig. 2, Gulf of California. 

Genus 587. HYPSOPSETTA Gill. 

Hypsopsctta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 330 {Pleuro- 
nichthys (jultuliitus Girardj. 

1767. Hypsopsetta guttulata (Girard). Diamond flounder. 

Coast of California, Cape Mendocino to Magdalena Bay. 
Pleuronichthys gultulntus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 

1856, 137, Tonialcs Bay, Calif. 
Parophrys ayresi Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 457, San Francisco. 

Genus 588. PAROPHRYS Girard. 

Parophrys Girard, Proc. Acud. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 139 {P. 

velulus Girard;. 



226 XJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1768. Parophrys vetulus Girard. 

Pacific coast of North Axnerica, Alaska to Santa Barbara. 

Parophrys vetulus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 140, 

California. 
Pleuronectes diagrammus Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 445, Victoria, British 

Columbia. 
Parophrys huhhardii GiU, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 281, 

San Francisco. 

Genus 589. PLEURONECTES Linnaeus. Plaice. 

Pleuronectes Artedi, Genera Pise, in part, 1738, 16. 

Pleuronectes Linnaeus, Syst. Nat,, ed. X, 1758, 268; after Artedi (P. 

platessa Linnaeus). 
Platessa Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. I, II, 1817, 220 {Pleuronectes 

platessa L.). 

1769. Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus Pallas. 

Coasts of Alaska and Kamchatka. 

Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.- Asiat., Ill, 1811, 

423, sea between Kamchatka and Alaska. 
Pleuronectes pallasii Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., VIII, 1879, Kamchatka. 

Genus 590. PLATICHTHYS Girard. Starry flounders. 

Platichthys Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 139 (P. 
rugosus G\TaTd = Pleuronectes stellatus Pallas). 

1770. Platichthys stellatus (Pallas). Great flounder; California flounder. 

Pacific coast of America, from Point Conception to the Arctic Ocean, 
and south to Sakhalin Island. 

Pleuronectes stellatus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.- Asiat., Ill, 1811, 416, Kam- 
chatka, Aleutian and Kuril Islands. 

Platichthys rugosus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 
139, 155, San Francisco, Presidio; Petaluma, Calif. 

Genus 591. INOPSETTA Jordan and Goss. 

Inopsetta Jordan and Goss, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., 1885 (1887), 924 
(136 of inside paging) {Parophrys ischyrus Jordan and Gilbert). 

1771. Inopsetta ischyra (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pugct Sound, probably northward to Alaska. 

Parophrys ischyrus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 276, 453, Puget Sound. 

Genus 592. LEPIDOPSETTA Gill. 

Lepidopsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 330 {Pset- 
tichthys umbrosus Girard). 

1772. Lepidopsetta bilineata (Ayres). 

Pacific coast of North America, Alaska to Monterey and northern 

Japan. 
Platessa bilineata Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 40 (39 

of reprint), San Francisco. 
Platichthys umbrosus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 

136, Puget Sound. 
Pleuronectes perarcuatus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XIII, 

1873, 32, Unalaska. 

Genus 593. ISOPSETTA Lockington. 

Isopsetta Lockington, in Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XVI, 1882, 832 {Lepidopsetta isolepis Lockington). 

1773. Isopsetta isolepis (Lockington). 

Puget Sound to Point Conception, in rather deep water. 
Lepidopsetta isolepis Lockington, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 325, 
San Francisco. 

Genus 594. LIMANDA Gottsche. Mud dabs. 

Limanda Gottsche, Archiv fur Naturgesch., 1835, 100 {Pleuronectes 

limanda Linnaeus). 
Myzopsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 217 {Platessa 
/erruginea Storer). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 227 

1774. Limanda ferruginea (Storer). 

Atlantic coast of North America, Labrador to New York. 

Platessa ferruginea D. H. Storer, Rept. Fish. Mass., 1839, 141, pi. 2, 

Cape .\nn. 
Platessa rostrala H. R. Storer, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., VI, 1850, 268, 

Labrador. 

1775. Limanda aspera (Pallas). 

Coasts of Alaska and Kamchatka. 

Pleuronecles asper Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 425, east coast 
of Siberia. 

1776. Limanda proboscidea Gilbert. 

Bristol and Herendeen Bavs, Alaska. 

Limanda proboscidea Gilbert, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1893 (1896), 
460, pi. 33, Bristol and Herendeen Bajs, Alaska. 

1777. Limanda beanii Goode. 

Deep water, off coast of New England. 

Limanda beanii Goode, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880 (Feb. 16, 1881), 
473 southern coast of New England, Fish Hawk stations 875, 876. 

Genus 595-596. PSEUDOPLEURONECTES Bleaker. Winter flounders. 
Pseudopleuronectes Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, XIII, 1862, 428 
{Platessa plana M\tchi\l = Pleuronectes americanus Walbaum). 

1778. Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum). Common flatfish; Win- 

ter flounder; lioughbach'. 
Atlantic coast of North America, from Labrador to Cape Lookout. 
Flounder Schopf, Schrift. Gesellsch. Naturf. Freunde, VIII, 1788, 148, 

New York. 
Pleuronectes americanus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 113; based on 

the Flounder of Schopf. 
Pleuronectes planus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 387, 

New York. 
Platessa pusilla DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 296, pi. 47, 

fig. 153, New York. 

1779. Pseudopleuronectes dignabilis Kendall. Lemon-yellow flounder. 

North .\tlantic coast, Newfoundland to Cape Cod. 

Pseudopleuronectes dignabilis Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXX, 
1910 (1912), 392, Georges Bank. 

Genus 597. LIOPSETTA GiU. 

Liopsetta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 216 {Platessa 

glabra Storer). 
Euchalarodus Gill, loc. cit., 221 {E. putnami Gill, the male of Liopsetta 
glabra Storer). 

1780. Liopsetta glacialis (Pallas). Arctic flounder. 

Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea south to St. Michaels, Alaska. 
Pleuronecles glacialis Pallas, Itin., Ill, App., 1776, 706; mouth of the 

Obi River. 
Pleuronectes cicatricosus Pallas, Zoogr. Rosso.-Asiat., Ill, 1811, 424, 

sea between Kamchatka and Alaska; male. 
IPlatessa dvinensis Lilljeborg, Veb. Ab. Handl . 1850, 360, Tab. 20, 

mouth of River Dwina. 
Pleuronectes franklini Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 442, Arctic seas of 

America; female. 

1781. Liopsetta putnami (Gill). Eel-bach flounder. 

Atlantic coast of North America, from Cape Cod northward to Labrador 
and beyond. 

Platessa glabra Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hust., 1843, 130, Massa- 
chusetts; female; not Platessa glabra of Rathke, 1837, a species of 
Flesus. 

Euchalarodus putnami Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 
216, 221, Salem, Mass. 



228 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1782. Liopsetta obscura (Herzenstein). 

Sea of Okhotsk. 

Pleuronectes obscurus Herzenstein, Melanges Biologiques, 1890, 127, 
Manchuria. 

Genus 598. MICROSTOMUS Gottsche. Smear dabs. 

Microsiomus Gottsche, Archiv fiir Naturgesch., 1835, 150 (Af. latidens 

Gottsche); not Microstoma Risso, 1826. 
Cynicoglossus Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, 1837, fasc. XTX (Pleuronectes 

cynoglossus Nilsson); not of Lmuteus = Pleuronectes kitt Walbaum. 
Cynoglossa Bonaparte, Cat. Metod., 1845, 48 (Pleuronectes cynoglossus 

Linnaeus). 
Brachyprosopon Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam, XIII, 1862, 428 

(Pleuronectes microcephalus Donovan-- P. kitt Walbaum). 
Cynicoglossus Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 460 (Pleuronectes 

microcephalus Donovan), microstomus being regarded as preoccupied, 

1783. Microstomus kitt (Walbaum). Smear dab. 

Arctic Europe, west to the sea between Greenland and Iceland. 
Rhombus laevis cornubiensis Jago in Ray, "Syn. Pise, 1713, 162, Tab. 

1, fig. 1-" 
Smear dab Pennant, British Zoology, III, 1776, 230, pi. 41. 
Pleuronectes kitt Walbaum, Artedi Pise, III, 1792, 120; after Ray. 
Pleuronectes quenseli Holboll, Bohusliins, Sweden. 
Pleuronectes quadridens Fabricius, Afhandl., Kongl. Dank. Vid. Selsk., 

I, 1824, 39, Iceland. 
Microstomus latidens Gottsche, Archiv fiir Naturgesch., 1835, 150, 

Zealand. 
Pleuronectes gilli Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VII, 1868, polar sea, 

north of Iceland. 

1784. Microstomus paciflcus (Lockington). 

Pacific coast of North America, Monterey to Vancouver Island and 

probably northward. 
Glyptocephalus pacificus Lockington, Rept. Calif. Com. Fish., 1878-79, 

43, off Point Reyes, Calif. 

Genus 599. EMBASSICHTHYS Jordan and Evermann. 

Embassichthys Jordan and Evermann, Check List, 1895 (1896), 506 
(Cynicoglossus bathybius Gilbert). 

1785. Embassichthys bathybius (Gilbert). 

Coast of California, south of Point Conception. 

Cynicoglossus bathybius Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 123, 

Santa Barbara Channel at Albatross station 2980, lat. 33° 49' 45" 

N., long. 119° 24' 30" W., in 603 fathoms. 

Genus 600. GLYPTOCEPHALUS Gottsche. 

Glyptocephalus Gottsche, Archiv fiir Naturgesch., 1835, 156 (Pleuro- 
nectes saxicola Fabricius = P. cynoglossus Linnaeus). 

1786. Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus). Craig fluke; Pole flounder; 

Gray sole; Lemon sole. 
North Atlantic, chiefly in deep water, south to Cape Cod and P'rance. 
Pleuronectes cynoglossus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 269; after 

Gronow. 
Pleuronectes saxicola Faber, Tidsskr. fiir Naturv., 5 B., 1828, 244, 

Denmark. 
Glyptocephalus acadianus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXV, 1873, 

360, Nova Scotia. 

Genus 601. ERREX Jordan. 

Errex Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXXI, 1919, 343 (Glypto- 
cephalus zachirus Lockington). 

1787. Errex zachirus (Lockington). Rex sole; Long-finned sole. 

Waters of moderate depth of the northern Pacific; from San Francisco 

northward. 
Glyptocephalus zachirus Lockington, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 

88, San Francisco. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES • 229 

Family 138. ACHIRID^. Broad soles 
SubfamUy GYMNACHIEIN^ 

Genus 602. GYMNACHIRUS Kaup. 

Gymnachirus Kaup, Wiegmann's Archiv, I, 1858, 101 (Gymnachirus 

nudus Kaup). 

1788. Gymnachirus nudus Kaup. 

Coast of Brazil; once taken at Tisbury Great Pond, Martha's Vine- 
yard Island, Mass. (Vinal N. Ed\A-ards). 
Gymnachirus 7iudus Kaup, Wiegmann's Archiv, I, 1858, 101, Brazil 

1789. Gymnachirus fasciatus Giinther. 

West Indies; very rare, north to Long Key, Fla. (W. C. Kendall). 
Gijmnachirus fasciatus Gunther, Cat., IV, 1862, 488, locality unknown. 

Subfamily ACHARIN.ffi 

Genus 603. ACHIRUS Lacepede. 

Achirus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 658 (Pleuronectes achirus 

Linnaeus). 
Trinectes Rafinesque, Atlantic Jour, and Friend of Knowledge, I, 1832 

{T. scabra Rafinesque = Pleuronectes mollis Mitchill). 
Grammichthys Kaup, Arch. Naturgesch., 1858, 94 {Achirus lineatus 

Linnaeus). 
Baiostoma Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 413 (JS. brachialia 

Bean). 

Subgenus ACHIRUS Lacepede. 

1790. Achirus achirus (Linnaeus). 

Atlantic coasts of tropical America. 

Pleuronectes oculis dextris cor pore glabra, pinnis pectoralibus nullus 

Gronow, Museum, I, No. 42, Surinam. 
Pleuronectes achirus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 268, Surinam; 

based on Gronow. 
Solea gronouii Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 472, Surinam. 

1791. Achirus inscriptus Gosse. 

West Indies, north to Key West. 

Achirus inscriptus Gosse, Nat. Sojourn Jamaica, 1851, 52, pi. 1, fig. 4, 

Jamaica. 
MoHochir reliculalus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 317, Cuba. 

Subgenus GRAMMICHTHYS Kaup. 

1792. Achirus klunzingeri (Stcindachner). 

Pacific coast of tropical America, Panama to Guayaquil. 
Solea klunzingeri Steindachner, Zur Fische des Cauca und der FlUsse 
bei Guayaquil, 1879, 44, Guayaquil. 

Subgenus TRINECTES Rafinesque. 

1793. Achirus fasciatus Lacepede. American sole; Hogchoker. 

Atlantic coast of United States, from Cape Cod to Texas; often 

ascending streams. 
Achirus fasciatus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 659, Charleston, 

0. C 

Pleuronectes mollis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 388, 

pi. 2, fig. 4, New York. 
Pleuronectes apoda Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag. and Crit. Rev., Feb., 

1818, 244, Straits of Bahama. 
Trinectes scabra Rafinesque, Atlantic Jour, and Friend of Knowledge, 

1, 1832, Pennsylvania, in fresh water. 

Solea browni Gunther, Cat., IV, 1862, 477, New Orleans; Texas. 

1794. Achirus scutum (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of Central America. 

Solea scutum Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 474, GuK of Fonseca, Panama. 



230 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1795. Achirus fonsecensis (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America, Mazatlan to Fonseca. 

Solea fonsecensis Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 475, Gulf of Fonseca. 

Solea panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitrage, V, 1876, 10, Taf. II, 

Panama. 
Solea fischeri Steindachner, Beitrage Kenntniss Fluss-Fische Sudamer., 

I, 1879, 13, Rio Mamone near Panama. 

1796. Achirus mazatlanus (Steindachner). Mexican sole; Teipalcate. 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Solea mazatlana Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, IX, 1869, 23, Mazatlan, 

Mexico. 
Solea pilosa Peters, Berliner Monatsber., 1869, 709, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1797. Achirus comifer Jordan and Gilbert. 

Key West, Fla. 

Achirus comifer Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 
31, Key West, Fla. 

1798. Achirus lineatus (Linnaeus). 

Florida to Brazil. 

Passer lineis transversis notatus Sloane, Jamaica, 2, 1725, 77, pi. 246, 

fig. 2, Jamaica. 
Pleuronecles fuscus subroiundus glaber Browne, Jamaica, 1756, 445, 

Jamaica. 
Pleuronecles lineatus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 268, Jamaica; 

based on Browne and Sloane; not of ed. XII, which is Achirus 

fasciatus. 
Monochir maculipinnis Agassiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 88, pi. 49, 

Brazil. 
Baiostoma hrachialis Bean, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 413, Appa- 

lachicola Bay and south Florida. 

1799. Achirus barnharti Jordan. 

Coast of southern California; Coronado Islands. 

Achirus barnharti Jordan, Univ. Calif. Pub. Zool., XXVI, 1923, 10, 
PI. I, Coronado Islands in about 400 feet depth of water. 

Genus 604. APIONICHTHYS Kaup. 

Apionichthys Kaup, Wiegmann's Archiv, 1858, 104 (A. dumerili Kaup). 
Soleotalpa Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 489 {S. unicolor Giinther). 

1800. Apionichthys dumerili Kaup. 

West Indies. 

Apionichthys dumerili Kaup, Wiegmann's Archiv, 1858, 104, no locality; 

description of species included in that of the genus. 
Soleotalpa unicolor Gunther, Cat., IV, 1862, 489, West Indies. 
Apionichthys nebulosus Peters, Berliner Monatsb., 1869, 709, Surinam. 

Family 139. CYNOGLOSSID.S:. Tonguefishes 

Genus 605. SYMPHURUS Rafinesque. Tonguefishes. 

Symphurus Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 13, 52 {S. nigrescens Rafinesque). 

Bibronia Cocco, Alcuni Pesci del Mare di Messina, 1844, 15 {B. ligulata 
Cocco, larval form of Symphurus) . 

Plagusia Cuvier, R&gne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 344; based on Plagusia 
of Browne; name preoccupied in crustaceans, Latreille, 1806. 

Plagiusa Bonaparte, Cat. Metod., 1846, 51 (P. lactea); name a sub- 
stitute for Plagusia. 

Aphoristia Kaup, Archiv fiir Natur., 1858, 106 {Achirus ornatus 
Lac6p6de)^ 

Glossichthys Gill, Cat. Fish. E, Coast N. Amer., 1861, 51 (Pleuronecles 
plagusia Linnaeus). 

Ammopleurops Giinther, Cat., IV, 1862, 490 (Plagusia lactea Bonaparte). 

fBascanius Schiodte, Naturhist. Tijdskr., V, 1867, 269 (B. txdifer 
Schiodte; larval). 

1801. Symphurus piger (Goode and Bean). 

West Indies and Gulf of Mexico in deep water. 

Aphoristia pigra Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, No. 5, 
1886, 154, St. Kitts, in about 250 fathoms. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 231 

1802. Symphurus marginatus (Goode and Bean.) 

West Indies. 

Aphoristia marginata Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XII, 
No. 5, 1886, 153, off St. Vincent, West Indies. 

1803. Symphurus atramentatus Jordan and Bollman. 

Off coast of Colombia. 

Symphurus atramentatus Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XII, 1889, 177, off coast of Colombia at Albatross station 2795, lat. 

7° 57' N., long. 78° 55' W., in 33 fathoms. 

1804. Symphurus fasciolaris Gilbert. 

Gulf of California. 

Symphur-us fasciolaris Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1891, 506, 
Gulf of California. 

1805. Symphurus elongatus (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Aphoristia ornata var. elongata Giinther, Fishes Cent. Amer., 1869, 473, 
Panama. 

1806. Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan and Gilbert). San Diego sole. 

Lower California, north to San Diego. 

Aphoristia atricauda Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 23, San Diego, Calif. 

1807. Symphurus leei Jordan and Bollman. 

Off the coast of Colombia. 

Symphurus leei Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1889, 

178, off coast of Colombia at Albatross station 2804, lat. 8° 16' 30" 

N., long. 79° 37' 45" W., in 47 fathoms. 

1808. Symphurus plagusia (Bloch and Schneider). Acedia. 

West Indies, south to Rio Janeiro. 

Plagusia Browne, Jamaica, No. 1, 1756, 445, Jamaica. 

Pleuronectes plagusia Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 162, 
Jamaica; after Browne. 

Achirus ornatus Lac6p^de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 659; on a speci- 
men "presented by Holland to France." 

Plagusia tessellata Quoy and Gaimard, Voyage Uranie, Zoology, 1824, 
240, Rio Janeiro. 

Plagusia brasiliensis Agassiz, in Spi.\, Pise. Brasil., 1827, 89, tab. 50, 
Brazil. 

1809. Symphurus plagiusa (LinnsBus). Tonguefish. 

South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of United States. 

Pleuronectes plagiusa Linnitus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 455, on a 

specimen from Doctor Garden, probably from Charleston. 
Plagusia fasciata Holbrook, in DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 

304, Charleston, S. C. 

1810. Symphurus pusillus (Goode and Bean). 

Off Atlantic coast of United States in deep water. 

Aphoristia pusilla Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 
590, Gulf Stream, lat. 40° N., in deep water. 

1811. Symphurus diomedeanus (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf of Mexico, off Key West, Fla. 

Aphoristia diomedeana Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 
1885, 589, Gulf of Mexico, lat. 25° 4' 30" N., long. 82° 59' 15" W. 

1812. Symphurus williamsi Jordan and Culver. 

West coast of Mexico. 

Symphurus williamsi Jordan and Culver, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. 

Sci., 2d ser., V, 1895, 506, pi. 55, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 606. ACEDIA Jordan. 

Acedia Jordan, in Jordan and Goss, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1886 
(1888) {Aphoristia nebulosa Goode and Bean). 

1813. Acedia nebvilosa (Goode and Bean). 

Gulf Stream. v at 

Aphoristia nebidosa Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, No. 5, 
1883, 192, Gulf Stream, off the coast of the Carolinas. 



232 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Superorder ACANTHOPTERYGII 
Order LI. ZEOIDEI 

Family 140. ZEID^. John dories 

Genus 607. ZENOPSIS Gill. 

Zenopsis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 126 (Zeus nebu- 
losus Temminck and Schlegel). 

1814. Zenopsis ocellata (Storer). Ocellated dory. 

Off New England coast. 

Zeus oceUatus Storer, Proc. Best. Soo. Nat. Hist., VI, 1858, 386, off 
Provincetown, Mass. 

Genus 608. ZENION Jordan and Evermann. 

Zenion Jordan and Evermann, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXI, 1895 
(1896), 418 (C^jitus hololepis Goode and Bean). 

1815. Zenion hololepis (Goode and Bean). 

West Indies, in deep water. 

Cytlus hololepis Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1896, 225 . figs. 233, 
233a, 233b, off Yucatan and Little Bahama Bank. 

Genus 609. OREOSOMA Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Oreosoma Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829 (type not named, 

Oresoma atlanticum Cuvier). 
Oreosoma Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1830, 377 

(515) (0. atlanticum Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1816. Oreosoma atlanticum Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Open Atlantic; only a few specimens known. 

Oreosoma atlanticum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 

1829, 377 (515), open Atlantic. 
Oreosoma conferrum Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., pi. 99, same type. 

Family 141. GRAMMICOLEPID.® 

Genus 610. GRAMMICOIEPIS Poey. 

Grammicolepis Poey, Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., II, 1873 (G. brachius- 
culus Poey). 

1817. Grammicolepis brachiusculus Poey. 

Cuba; in deep water. 

Grammicolepis brachiusculus Poey, Anal. Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat., II, 
1873, Cuba. 

Order MM. XENOBERYCES 

Family 142. STEPHANOBERYCID-ffi 

Genus 611. STEPHANOBERYX Gill. 

.Slephanobenjx Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 258 (S. monx 
Gill). 

1818. Stephanoberyx monae Gill. 

Gulf Stream, in deep water. 

Stephanoberyx monx Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 258, Gulf 
Stream at Albatross station 2077 in 1,255 fathoms. 

1819. Stephanoberyx gillii Goode and Bean. 

Gulf Stream, in deep water. 

Stephanoberyx gillii Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 187, fig. 
206, Gulf Stream at Albatross station 2099 in 2,949 fathoms. 

Family 143. MELAMPHAID^ 

Genus 612. CAULOLEPIS Gill. 

Caulolepis Gill, Forest and Stream, XXI, Aug. 30, 1883, and Proc. 
U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 258 (C. longidens GUI). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 233 

1820. Caulolepis longidens Gill. 

Gulf Stream and Pacific Ocean at Cortez Banks off San Diego, Calif. 
Caulolepis longidens Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 258, Atlantic 
Ocean, lat. 39° 27' X.. long. 69° 56' 20" W., in 1,346 fathoms. 

Genus 613. ANOPIOGASTER Gunther. 

Anoplogaster Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 12 (Hoplostethus cornutus Cuvier 
and Valenciennes). 

1821. Anoplogaster cornutus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Atlantic, in deep water, north and south. 

Hoplostethus cornutus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

IX, 1833, 347 (270); from stomach of a shark, taken at 26° lat. S; 

others taken by the Albatross 31° X., 40° W., from the stomach of 

an albacore. 

Genus 614. POROMITRA Goode and Bean. 

Poromilra Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, No. 5, 1882, 
214 (P. capito Goode and Bean). 

1822. Poromitra capito Goode and Bean. 

Deep water in Gulf Stream in latitude 34°. 

Poromilra capito Goode and Bean, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., X, No. 5, 
1882, 215, Gulf Stream. 

Genus 615. PIECTROMUS Gill. 

Plectromus Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 257 (P. siiborbitalis 
Gill). 

1823. Plectromus suborbitalis Gill. 

Gulf Stream, in deep water. 

Plectromus suborbitalis Gill, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 258, lat. 

38° 52' N., long. 69° 24' \V., at Albatross stations 2036, 2190, and 

2535 in 1,149 to 1,800 fathoms. 

1824. Plectromus beani (Gunther). 

Gulf Stream in deep water. 

Plectromus crassiceps Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII. 1885, 73, Gulf 

Stream; name preoccupied. 
Melamphaes beani Gunther, Challenger Rept., XXII, 1887, 29, Gulf 

Stream, in about latitude 40°. 

1825. Plectromus crassiceps (Gunther). 

Mid-Atlantic; Brazil. 

iScopelus crassiceps Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1878, 185, 
deep water in mid-.\tlantic and off Pernambuco. 

1826. Plectromus cristiceps (Gilbert). 

Coast of Washington and Oregon and southeastern Alaska. 
Melamphaes cristiceps Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890 

(1891), 60. coasts of Oregon and Washington and Albatross station 

3075 in 859 fathoms. 

1827. Plectromus lugubris (Gilbert). 

Coast of California; off Bay of Panama; Bering Sea. 

Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890 (1891), 

59, coast of California south of Point Conception, at Albatross station 

2923 in 822 fathoms. 

1828. Plectromus mizolepis (Gunther). 

Off Bay of Panama in deep water; south of New Guinea and Bay of 

Bengal. 
Scopelus mizolepis Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 11, 1878, 185, south 

of New Guinea. 

1829. Plectromus nycterinus (Gilbert). 

Coast of southern California, in deep water. 

Melamphails nycterinus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 1915, 
?,2(], 1)1. 16. off Santa Catalina, 2,113 to 2,2.59 fathoms. 

1830. Plectromus bispinosus (Gilljert). 

Coronado Islands, near San Diego, Calif. 

Melamphaes bispinosus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLVIII, 1915, 

325, pi. 15, fig. 5; off the Coronado Islands, near San Diego, 642 to 

666 fathoms. 



234 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Order NN. BERYCOIDEI 
Family 144. POLYMIXIID^. Barbudos 

Genus 616. POLYMIXIA Lowe. 

Polymixia Lowe, Trans., Cambr. Phil. Soc, VI, 1838, 198 (P. nobilis 
Lowe) . 

Nemabrama Valenciennes, Ichth. lies Canaries, 1844, 40 (N. webbi Valen- 
ciennes =PoZ7/TO?'a:ia nobilis Low^e). 

Dinemus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 160 (D. venustus Poey = Polymixia 
loivei Giinther. 

1831. Polymixia lowei Giinther. Barbudo. 

Caribbean Sea; Cuba. 

Polymixia lowei Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 17, Caribbean Sea. 

Dinemus venustus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 161, Cuba. 

Family 145. BERYCIDiE 

Genus 617. BERYX Cuvier. Alfonsinos. 

Berijx Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 151 (B. decadadylus Cuvier 
and Valenciennes. 

1832. Beryx decadactylus Cuvier and Valenciennes. Alfonsin a Casta Larga. 

Cosmopolitan, open seas, in rather deep water; Portugal, Madeira, 

Japan, and Cuba. 
Beryx decadactylus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 

1829, 165 (222), Madeira or Portugal. 

1833. Beryx splendens Lowe. Alfonsin a Casta; Cumprida. 

Cosmopolitan, in the open seas, at moderate depth; Madeira, Japan, 
and Gulf Stream at 35° 49' 30" N., 74° 34' 45" W. in 424 fathoms. 
Beryx splendens Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1833, 142, Madeira. 

Family 146. ANOMALOPID^ 

Genus 618. KRYPTOPHANARON Silvester and Fowler. 

Kryptophanaron Silvester and Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
LXXVIII, 1926, 245 {K. alfredi Silvester and Fowler). 

1834. Kryptophanaron alfredi Silvester and Fowler. 

Off coast of Jamaica. 

Kryptophanaron alfredi Silvester and Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., LXXVIII, 1926, 246, PI. XVIII, fig. 1; PL XIX, figs. 2 and 4. 

Off Kingston Harbor, Jamaica, floating on surface. 

FamUy 147. TRACHICHTHYID.ffi 

Genus 619. HOPLOSTETHUS Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Hoplostethus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1829, 344 
(469) (H. mediterraneus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1835. Hoplostethus mediterraneus Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Coasts of southern Europe; Gulf Stream. 

Hoplostethys mediterraneus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

IV, 1829, 344 (469), Mediterranean Sea. 
Trachichthys pretiosus Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1839, 77, Madeira. 

Family 148. HOLOCENTRID.aE. Soldierfishes; Squirrelfishes 

Genus 620. OSTICHTHYS Jordan and Evermann. 

Oslichthys Langsdorf, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

Ill, 130 (174), 1829; name only, passing reference under Myripristis 

japonicus Cuvier. 
Ostichthys Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 

846 {Myripristis japonicus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1836. Ostichthys trachypomus (Giinther). 

West Indies; Cuba. 

Myripristis trachypoma Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 25, Cuba. 

Myriopristis fulgens Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 160, Cuba. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 235 

Genus 621. MYRIPRISTIS Cuvier. 

Myripristis Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 150 (M. jacobus 

Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Rhamphoberyx Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 817 (R. 

poecilopus Gill); young. 
Myripristes of authors; altered spelling. 
Mynopristis of authors; altered spelling. 

1837. Myripristis jacobus Cuvier and Valenciennes. Frhre Jacques; Candil, 

West Indies to Brazil; common. 

Myripristis jacobus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 

1829, 121 (162), Martinique. 
Rhinoberyx chryseus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. See, XIV, 1871, 464, St. 

Croix Island. 

1838. Myripristis occidentalis (Gill). 

West coast of America, from Cape San Lucas to Panama; Galapagos; 

Cocos Island. 
Myriopristis occidentalis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 

87, Cape San Lucas. 
Rhamphoberyx leucopus Gill, loo. cit., 88, Cape San Lucas; immature. 

1839. Myripristis pcBcilopus (Gill). 

West coast of America, from Cape San Lucas to Panama. 

Rhamphoberyx poecilopus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 
87, Cape San Lucas; immature example. 
Genus 622. HOLOTRACHYS Giinther. 

Holotrachys Giinther, Jour. Mus. Godeffroy, Band I, 1873, 93 (Myri- 
pristes lima Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1840. Holotrachys lima (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

South Seas, east to Hawaii and Cocos Island. 

Myripristis lima Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 
1831, 493, lie de France. 

Myripristes humilis Kner and Steindachner, Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
LIV, 1866, 3.57, pi. 1, fig. 1, Samoa. 
Genus 623. HOLOCENTRUS Bloch. Squirrel fishes; Soldier jishes. 

Holocentrus Gronow, Zoophyl., 1763, 65; nonbinomial. 

Holocentrus Bioch, Naturgeschich. Ausland. Fische, IV, 1790, 61 (H. 
sogo Bloch). 

Holocentrum Cuvier, and of most authors; amended spelling. 

Rhynchichthys Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 1831, 
503 (R. pelamidis Cuvier and Valenciennes); young. 

Rhinoberyx Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 237 (Rhyn- 
chichthys hrachyrhynchus Bleeker); larval form. 

1841. Holocentrus ascensionis ^' (Osbeck). Matajuelo; Squirrelfish; Soldado; 

Welchman. 
Islands of the Atlantic and northward from St. Helena and Ascension 

Island to Florida and Cuba. 
IPerca ascensionis Osbeck, Iter Chinensis, 1757; reprinted as Reise 

Ost-Ind. China, 1765, 388, Ascension Island; reprint of a pre- 

Linnsean paper, hence inehgible. 
tBodianus pentacanthus Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1790, 40, pi. 225, 

Brazil; after Sagnaraca of Marcgrave. 
IHolocentrus sogo Bloch, loc. cit., 61, pi. 232, Africa. 
Scixna rubra Schneider, Ed. Bloch, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 82; after 

Catesby. 
Amphiprion matejuelo Bloch and Schneider, Syst. loth., 1801, 206, 

Cuba; after Parra. 
IBodiamis jaguar Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 286, Brazil. 
t Holocentrum longipinne Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

Ill, 1829, 138 (185), Brazil; Martinique; Porto Rico; St. Thomas; 

San Domingo; Habana. 
Holocentrus striatus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 173, Antilles. 
Holocentrus rostralus Gronow, loc. cit., 173, near the Equator. 

• The specific name of the common mataguelo of Cuba is still wholly uncertain if the two forms (the 
one from Cuba, the other from Brazil) are really distinct. The earliest specific name, atcenaionia, is appar- 
ently ineligible, occurring in reprints of a pre-Linnaean paper. The pertinence of most of llie other names 
is more or less uncertain. Uere, as elsewhere where no olTicial decision has been made by tlio International 
Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, we follow the rule of not changing current nomenclature unless, 
as Id matters of priority, the case Is reasonably dear. 



236 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1842. Holocentrus rufus (Walbaum). 

The northern form probably varying into H. ascensionis, which ranges 

from the Bahamas to Brazil. 
Perca rufa Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 351, Bahamas; after Perca 

marina rubra of Catesby. 

1843. Holocentrus coruscus (Poey). 

Cuba; Bahama Islands; Bermudas; Tortugas. 

Holocentrum coruscum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 158, Cuba. 

Holocentrum sicciferum Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 465, 

Bahamas, New Providence. 
tHolocentrum puncticulatus Barbour, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XLVI, 

1905, 117, Bermudas. 
IHolocentrus tortugx Jordan and Thompson, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 

XXIV, 1904 (1905), 236, fig. 1, Garden Key, Tortugas. 

1844. Holocentrus brachypterus Poey. 

Cuba. 

Holocentrus brachypterus Poey, Repertorio, I, 1866, 184, Cuba. 

1845. Holocentrus vexillarius (Poey). 

Cuba; Porto Rico. 

Holocentrum vexillarium Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 158, Cuba. 

"f. Holocentrum riparium Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 37, Cuba. 

1846. Holocentrus osculus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Holocentrum osculum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 156, Cuba. 

Holocentrum perlatum Poey, loc. cit., 157, Cuba. 

1847. Holocentrus sancti-pauli (Giinther). 

St. Paul Rocks, mid-Atlantic. 

Holocentrum sancti-pauli Giinther, Shore Fishes, Challenger Rept., 
Zoology, I, part 6, 1880, 4, St. Paul Rocks, mid-Atlantic. 

1848. Holocentrus meeki Bean. 

Bermudas. 

Holocentrus meeki Bean, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XIX, 1906, 31, St. 
Davids Island, Bermudas. 

Genus 624. FLAMMEO Jordan and Evermann. 

Flammeo Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 
2871 (Holocentrum marianum Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

1849. Flammeo marianus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Marian. 

West Indies; Cuba; Jamaica; Martinique. 

Holocentrum marianum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

Ill, 1829, 164 (219), Martinique. 
Holocentrum rostratum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 157, Cuba. 

Genus 625. ADIORYX Starks. 

Adioryx Starks, Science, XXVIII, 1908, 614 {Holocentrum suborbitale 
Gill). 

1850. Adioryx suborbitalis (Gill). Mojarra cardinal. 

Mazatlan to Panama; Revillagigcdo, Cocos, and Galapagos Islands. 
Holocentrum suborbitale Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 
86, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

Genus 626. PLECTRYPOPS Gill. 

Plectrypops Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 237 (Holo- 
centrum retrospinis Guichenot). 

1851. Plectrypops retrospinis (Guichenot). 

Cuba. 

Holocentrum retrospinis Guichenot, in Ramon de la Sagra, Hist. Cuba, 
1853, 35, pi. 1, fig. 3. Cuba. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 237 

Order 00. THORACOSTEI 

Suborder HEMIBRANCHH 

Family 149. GASTEROSTEID^. Sticklebacks 

Genus 627. GASTEROSTEUS Linnaeus. Sticklebacks. 

Gasterosteus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 295 {G. aculeatus Linnseus). 

Gasteracanthus Pallas, Zoog. Rosso.-Asiat., Ill, 1811 (G. cataphractus 
Pallas) . 

Leiurus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 242 {Gasteros- 
teus aculeatus Linnaeus). 

Merriamella Jordan, Univ. Calif. Publ. Geol., V, 1907, 131 (M. dorysia 
Jordan); fossil form. 

1852. Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnajus. Common stickleback. 

Arctic and subarctic regions, in shallow baj's and estuaries, very com- 
mon; also ascending streams, where it loses partially or wholly its 
bony plates, in Europe, Asia, and America ahke. The development 
of these plates and in some degree of dorsal spines and caudal keel 
depends on the salinity of the water. Reported G. williamsoni 
microcephalus from irrigation ditch near El Rosario, Lower California, 
255 miles south of U. S. border, May 21, 1925, Chnton G. Abbott, 
collector. 

(1. Forms completely mailed) 

Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 489, Europe. 
Gasterosteus cataphractus Pallas, M6m. Acad. Petersb., Ill, 1811, 325, 

Kamchatka. 
Gasterosteus trachura Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 

1829, 481, France. 
Gasterosteus teraculeatus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 296. 
Gasterosteus obolarius Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 

1829, 500, Kamchatka. 
Gasterosteus noveboracensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 502, pi. 98, 

fig. 3. 
Gasterosteus biaculeatus Shaw, Zool., IV, 1839, 608; after Pennant. 
Gasterosteus dimidiatus Reinhardt, Fauna Groenlandica, 1837, 32, 37, 

Greenland. 
Gasterosteus loricalus Reinhardt, loc. cit., 32, 37, Greenland. 
Gasterosteus bailloui Blanchard, Poiss. des eaux douces de France, 

1866, 231, Abbeville. 
Gasterosteus insculptus Richardson, Last Arctic Voyage, 1854, 10, 

PI. XXV, figs. 1, 2, and 3, Northumberland and Puget Sounds. 
Gasterosteus serratus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 47, 

San Francisco. 

{2. Forms armed anteriorly only) 

Gasterosteus gymnnrus Cuvier, R^gne Animal, ed. II, 1829, 170, waters 

of England and northward. 
Gasterosteus leiurus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 

1829, 481, Seine. 
Gasterosteus semiarmatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 493, Havre, 

France. 
Gasterosteus semiloricatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 494, 

Baillon. 
Gasterosteus spinulosus Jenyns and Yarrell, Man. Brit. Vert., 1835, 

3.50, Edinburgh. 
Gasterosteus ponticus Nordmann, in Demidoff, Voy. Russ. Merid., Ill, 

1840, 357, Tauria and Black Sea. 
Gasterosteus cuvieri Girard, in Storer's Fishes of Nova Scotia and 

Labrador, 1849, 254, p. VII, fig. 1, Bras d'Or, Red Bay, Labrador. 
Gasterosteus microcephalus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., VII, 

1854, 133, Four Creek (Kawcah River), a tributary to Tule Lake 

(Tulare Lake), San Joaquin Valley, Calif. 
Gasterosteus plebeius Girard, loc. cit., 147, Presidio, Calif. 

6424°— 29 10 



238 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Gasterosteus inopinatus Girard, loc. cit., 147, Presidio, Calif . 
Gasterostens -pugeili Girard, loc. cit., 1856, 135, Fort Steilacoom, Wasti. 
Gasterosteus ncustrianus Blanchard, Poiss. des eaux douce de France, 

1866, 220, Harfleur. 
Gasterosteus argentissitnus Blanchard, loc. cit., 232, Avignon. 
Gasterosteus elegans Blanchard, loc. cit., 234, Cadillac and Langou, 

6 pis. 
Gasterosteus islandicus Sauvage, Revision des Epinoches, 1874, 20, 

Iceland. 
Gasterosteus atkinsi Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 67, Schoodic 

Lakes, Maine. 

(5. Forms naked or with one or two plates) 

Gasterosteus williamsoni Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

133, Williamsons Pass, Calif. 
Gasterosteus santa-annx Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 8th ser., IV, 1909, 

437. Santa Anna River. Calif. 

Genus 628. GLADIUNCULUS Jordan and Evermann. 

Gladiunculus Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 

XVI, 1927 (Apr. 27), 504 {Gasterosteus gladiunculus Kendall = Cr. 
bispinosus Walbaiim) . 

1863. Gladiunculus bispinosus (Walbaum). Common eastern stickleback. 

Labrador to New Jersey, near the coast, in salt water; very common 

in New England. 
Gasterosteus bispinosus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 450; after Pennant; 

said to be "New York," but more likely Hudson's Bay. 
Gasterosteus wheatlandi Putnam, Proc, Essex Inst., V, 1867, 4, Nahant, 

Mass. 
Gasterosteus gladiunculus Kendall, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVIII, 1896, 

off coast of Maine, near Seguin Island. 

Genus 629. EUCALIA Jordan. 

Eucalia Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 1, 1876, 248 (Gasterosteus inconstans 
Kirtland). 

1854. Eucalia incostans (Kirtland). Brook stickleback. 

New York to Kansas and northward to the Saskatchewan; Great Lakes 

region; central Ohio, Indiana, and IlUnois. 
Gasterosteus inconstaris Kirtland, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1841, 273, 

brooks of Trumball County, Ohio, 
Gasterosteus micropus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 

81, Fort Riley, Kans. 
Gasterosteus globiceps Sauvage, Revision des Epinoches, 1874, 35, North 

America. 
Eucalia inconstans cayuga Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 1, 1876, 249, Cayuga 

Lake, Ithaca, N. Y. 

1855. Eucalia pygmsea (Agassiz). 

Lake Superior. 

A valid species if the fin rays are D. IV-I, 6; A. I, 6. In E. inconstans 

they are D. IV-I, 10; A. I, 10. 
Gasterosteus pygmseus Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 314, Lake Superior. 

Subfamily GASTEROSTEIN^ffi 

Genus 630. PUNGITIUS Costa. Nine-spined sticklebacks. 

I'ungitius Costa, M('ni. Savants Etrangers, Paris, X, 1846 (Gasterosteus. 

pungitius L.). 
Pygosteus (Brevoort) Gill, Can. Nat., and Cat. Fish. E. Coast N. A., 

supplement to Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 39 (Gasterosteus 

occidentalis Cuvier and Valenciennes = 6'. pungitius Linnieus). 
Gasteroslea Sauvage, Revision des Epinoches, 1874, 7 (Gasterosteus 

pungitius Linnajus). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 239 

1856. Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus). Nine-spined stickleback. 

Gasterosteus pungitius Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 296, Europe; 

after Gasterosteus aculeis in dorso decern Artedi. 
Gasterosteus la^vis Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 170, streams of 

France. ^ 

Gasterosteus occidentalis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

IV, 1829, 509, Newfoundland; not G. occidentalis Linnaeus, unrec- 
ognized, probably a species of Carangida. 
Gasterosteus concinnus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 57, 

Saskatchewan River and Great Bear Lake. 
Gasterosteus nebulosus Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 310, pi. 4, fig. 4, 

Lake Superior. 
Gasterosteus dekayi Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 311, New York. 
Gasterosteus lotharingus Blanchard, Poiss. France, 1866, 244, Lorraine. 
Gasterosteus breviceps Blanchard, loc. cit., 1866, 245, Caen, France. 
Gasterostea blanchardi Sauvage, Revision des Epinochcs, 1874, 32, New 

York. 

1857. Pungitius mainensis (Storer). 

Kennebec River, Me.; a form or species with seven dorsal spines. 
Gasterosteus mainensis Storer, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist.. I, 1837, 464, 
Kennebec County, Me. 

1858. Pungitius brachypoda (Bean). 

BafTins Bay, Greenland. A form with 10 dorsal spines and the ventral 

spines very small. 
Gasterosteus pungitius brachypoda Bean, Bull. U. fe. Nat. Mus., XV, 

1879, 129, Oosooadlin Mountain, Cumberland Gulf, Greenland. 

Subfamily APELTIN^ 

Genus 631. APELTES DeKay. Four-spined slicklrhack. 

Apelles DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 87 {Gasterosteus quadracua 
Mitchill). 

1859. Apeltes quadracus (Mitchill). 

Maine to New Jersey, in salt water only. 

Gasterosteus quadracua Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc, I 1815 

430, New York. 
Gasterosteus apeltes Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 

1829, 505, no locality. 
Gasterosteus millipunctatus Ayres, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., I, 1842, 294, 

Old Mans Harbor, Long Island. 

Subfamily SPINACHIIN^ 

Genus 632. SPINACHIA Cuvier. 

Spinachia Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed I, 1817, 320 (Gasterosteus spinachia 

Linnaeus). 
Polycanthus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 242 

(Gasterosteus spinachia Linnaeus). 
Gastrsra Sauvage, Revision des Epinoches, 1874, 7 (Gasterosteus 

spinachia Linnaeus). 

1860. Spinachia spinachia (Linnaeus). 

Coasts of northern Europe; recorded from Newfoundland. 
Gasterosteus spinachia Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 442. 
Spinachia vulgaris Fleming, Brit. Anim., 1828, 210. 
Gasterosteus marinus Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 168. 

Family 150. AULORHYNCHIDiE 

Genus 633. AULORHYNCHUS Gill. 

Aulorhynchus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 169 (A. 

flavidus Gill). 
A ulisrops Peters, Berliner Monatsberichte, 1866, 670 (A. spinescena 
PeteraJ . 



240 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1861. Aiilorhynchus flavidus Gill. 

Coast of California, from San Nicolas Island and Monterey northward 

to Sitka, Alaska. 
Aulorhyncfms flavidus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 

169, coast of Washington. 

Suborder LOPHOBRANCHII 

Family 151. SYNGNATHID.S;. Pipefishes and seahorses 

Subfamily SYNGNATHIN.E 

Genus 634. DERMATOSTETHUS Gill. 

Dermatostethus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 283 

(D. pundipinnis Gill). 

1862. Dermatostethus punctipinnis Gill. 

San Diego, California. 

Dermatostethus punctipinnis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 

1862, 283, San Diego, Calif.; not lately recognized; the genus 

perhaps of doubtful value. 

Genus 635. SYNGNATHUS linnseus. 

Syngnathus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1858, 336 {Syngnathus acus L., 

the proper type as decided by the Internat. Com. Zool. Nomencl.). 
Siphostoma Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 18 {Syngnathus pelagicus 

Linnaeus). 

1863. Syngnathus calif orniensis Storer. Great pipefish. 

Santa Barbara to Monterey and northward. 

Syngnathus calif orniensis Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 
1845, 73, California. 

1864. Syngnathus griseolineatus Ayres. 

Pacific coast of the United States, from Monterey northward to Puget 

Sound and southeastern Alaska. 
Syngnathus griseolineatus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 

14, San Francisco Bay. 
Syngnathus abboti Girard, Pac. R. R. Survey, Fishes, X, 1858, 346, 

San Francisco. 

1865. Syngnathus leptorhynchus Girard. 

West coast of America from San Francisco to San Diego. 

Syngnathus brevirostris Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

156, San Diego; name preoccupied. 
Syngnathus Leptorhynchus Girard, loc. cit., 156, San Diego, Calif. 
Syngnathus dimidiatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

284, San Diego; substitute for brevirostris, preoccupied. 

1866. Syngnathus arundinaceus Girard. 

Coast of California. 

Syngnathus arundinaceus Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 346, coast 
of California. 

1867. Syngnathus carinatus (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Siphostoma carinatum Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 547, 

Gulf of California, lat. 31° 31' N., long. 114° 19' W., at Albatross 

stations 3027 and 3028. 

1868. Syngnathus auliscus (Swain). 

Southern California. 

Siphostoma auliscus Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 310, Santa 
Barbara and San Diego, Calif. 

1869. Syngnathus barbarae (Swain). 

California coast at Santa Barbara. Rare; not reported recently. 
Siphostoma barbarse Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 238, 
Santa Barbara, Calif. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 



241 



1870. Syngnathus mackayi (Swain and Meek). 

Key West to Yucatan. 

Siphostoma mackayi Swain and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 
1884, 239, Key West, Fla. 

1871. Syngnathus floridae (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Virginia to Texas and Porto Rico. 

Siphostoma floridas Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
263, Pensacola, Fla. 

1872. Syngnathus poeyi (Jordan and Evermann). 

Habana. 

Syngnathus tenuis Poey, Synopsis, 1867, 444, Cuba; name preoccupied. 
Siphostoma poeyi Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 766, Habana, Cuba; substitute for S. tenuis, preoccupied. 

1873. Syngnathus elucens *" Poey. Pipefish. 

Cuba; Florida Keys; Porto Rico. 

Syngnathus elucens Poey, Synopsis, 1S67, 443, Habana. 
Syngnathus flavirostris Poey, Enumeratio, 1876, 178, Habana. 
Syngnathus picturatus Poey, loc. cit., 178, Habana. 
' Syngnathus linea Poey, loc. cit., 178, Habana. 

Syngnathus marmoreus Poey, loc. cit., 178, Habana. 
Syngnathus ascendens Poey, loc. cit., 179, Habana. 

1874. Syngnathus rousseau Kaup. 

West Indies; known from Jamaica, St. Lucia, and Martinique. 
Syngnathus rousseau Kaup, Lophobranchii, 1856, 40, Martinique. 

1875. Syngnathus jonesi Gunther. West Indian pipefish. 

Bermudas and Porto Rico. 

Syngnathus jonesi Gunther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, XIV, 1874, 
8, 455, Bermudas. 

1876. Syngnathus fistulatus Peters. 

Puerto Cabello, near Colon. 

Syngnathus fistulatus Peters, Monatsber., Ak. Wiss. Berl., 1868, 456, 
Puerto Cabello, near Aspinwall. 

1877. Syngnathus pelagicus Liiinaius. 

Open sea in the .\tlantic and the Mediterranean; doubtfully recorded 
from the West Indies; some other species, perhaps S. fistulata, being 
mistaken for it. 

Syngnathus pelagicus Linnseus, Syst. Nat., ed. I, 1758, open sea in 
floating seaweed. 

Syngnathus ethon Risso, Eur. Mdrid., Ill, 1826, 182, Nice, France. 

1878. Syngnathus robertsi (Jordan and Rutter). 

West Indies and Jamaica; Caribbean Sea. 

Siphostoma robertsi Jordan and Rutter, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
XLIX, 1897, 97, Jamaica. 

1879. Syngnathus brachycephalus Poey. 

Tortugas; Cuba. 

Syngnathus brachycephalus Poey, Synopsis, 1867, 444, Habana, Cuba. 

1880. Syngnathus brevicaudus (Meek).. 

Boca del Rio, Vera Cruz. 

Siphostoma hreuicaudam Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 163, 
Boca del Rio, Mexico. 

1881. Syngnathus crinigerum (Bean and Dresel). 

Pensacola and Key West, to Abrolhos Reef, Brazil. 
Siphostoma crinigerum Bean and Dresel, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., II, 
1884, 99, Pensacola, Fla. 

1882. Syngnathus sinaloae (Jordan and Starks). 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Siphostoma sinalox Jordan and Starks, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 3d ser., 
VI, 1896, 268, Mazatlan, Mexico. 



<* Some of the aomiaal species here included may prove to be valid. 



242 XT. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1883. Syngnathus arctus (Jenkins and Evermann). 

Gulf of California, Guaymas. 

Siphostoma arctum Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 137, Bay of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. 

1884. Syngnathus starksi (Jordan and Culver). 

Estuaries about Mazatlan. 

Siphostoma starksi Jordan and Culver, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 3d ser., 
V, 1895, 416, PI. XXX, Rio Presidio, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1885. Syngnathus dendriticus (Barbour). 

Ireland Island, Bermudas. 

Siphostoma dendriticum Barbour, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., XLVI, 
No. 7, 1904-1906, 115, Ireland Island, Bermudas. 

1886. Syngnathus mindii Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Syngnathus mindii Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 

XV, 1923, 261, PI. XVIII, fig. 2; brackish creek near Mindi, Canal 

Zone, Panama. 

1887. Syngnathus elcapitensis Meek and Hildebrand. 

Streams, west coast of Panama. 

Syngnathus elcapitanense Meek and Hildebrand in Meek, Field Mus. 
Nat. Hist., Zool., X, 1914, 119, Rio Mamona at El Capitan, Panama. 

1888. Syngnathus tweedliei Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Syngnathus tweedliei Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., XV, 1923, 259, PI. XVIII, fig. 1, Chame Point, Panama. 

1889. Syngnathus torrei (Nichols). 

Cuba. 

Siphostoma torrei Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., XXXI, 1912, 
183, fig. 1, Matanzas, Cuba. 

Genus 636. SYRICTES Jordan and Evermann. 

Syrides Jordan and Evermann Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., XVI, Apr. 27, 
1927, 504 {Syngnathus fuscus Storer). 

1890. Syrictes fuscus ^^ (Storer). Common pipefish; Green pipefish; Billfish. 

Atlantic coast of United States from Maine to Virginia; very common 

northward. 
Syngnathus fuscus Storer, Rept. Fish. Mass., 1839, 162, Nahant, Mass. 
Syngnathus peckianus Storer, Rept. Fish. Mass., 1839, 163, Holms 

Hole, Marthas Vineyard. 
Syngnathus peckii Storer, Rept. Fish. Mass., 1839, 3; name only. 
Syngnathus fasciatus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 319, pi. 54, 

fig. 174, New York. 
Syngnathus viridescens DeKay, loc. cit., 321, pi. 54, fig. 176, New York. 
Syngnathus dekayi Dumdril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1870, 569, New York. 
Syngnathus milbertianus Dum^ril, loc. cit., 573, New York. 

1891. Syrictes afi&nis (Giinther). 

Gulf of Mexico, on coast of Louisiana. 

Syngnathus affinis Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 163, Louisiana. 

1892. Syrictes scovelli (Evermann and Kendall). 

Coast of Texas and both coasts of Florida. 

Siphostoma scovelli Evermann and Kendall, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XVIII, 1895, 113, Shamrock Point, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

1893. Syrictes louisianse (Gunther). 

Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States; North Carolina to Texas 

and south to Key West. 
Syngnathus pelagicus, wax., Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 416, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Syngnathus louisiame Giinther, Cat., VIII, 1870, 160; New Orleans, La. 

1894. Syrictes bairdianus (Dum^ril). 

West coast of Lower California. 

Syngnathus bairdianus Dum6ril, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1870, 574, "Coast 

of Mexico, near California." 

_ 

<' The names fuscus and peekinnm are of the same date. The author who first percei ved this identity 
obose the second name in spite of the page priority of fuscus. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 243 

1895. Syrictes ezilis (Osburn and Nichols). 

Gulf of California. 

Siphostoma exile Osborn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 153, fig. 7, west San Benito Island, Port San Bartolome. 

Genus 637. HIPPICHTHYS Bleeker. 

Hippichthys Bleeker, Verh. Batav. Genootsch., XXII, 1849, 15 (H. 

heptagonus Bleeker); not Hippocampus heptagonus Rafinesque. 
Corythoichthys Kaup, Archiv Naturgesch., 1853, 231 (C alhirostris 

Heckel MS. Kaup). 

1896. Hippichthys albirostris (Heckel). 

West Indies, north to Pensacola and Key West; south to Bahia, about 

coral reefs. 
Corythoichthys albirostris Heckel in Kaup, Archiv Naturgesch., 1853, 

231, Mexico; Bahia; type examined. 
Siphostoma zatropis Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1882, 264, Snapper Banks, Pensacola. 

1897. Hippichthys cayorum (Evermann and Kendall). 

Key West, Fla.; Porto Rico. 

Corythoichthys cayorum Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 
XVII, 1897, 128, pi. 7, fig. 7, near Crawfish Bar, Key West, Fla. 

1898. Hippichthys spicifer (Riippell). 

Tropical Pacific; recorded from Tehuantepec. 

Syngnathus spicifer Riippell, Neue Wirb., Fische, about 1830, 143. 

Genus 638. DORYICHTHYS Kaup. 

Doryichthys Kaup, Archiv Naturgesch., 1853, 233 (Z>. bilineatus Heckel). 

1899. Doryichthys lineatus Valenciennes. 

Tropical parts of Atlantic from Cuba to Brazil. 

Doryichthys lineatus Valenciennes, in Kaup, Lophobranchii, 1856, 59, 
Bahia, Mexico, and Guadeloupe. 

Genus 639. DORYRHAMPHUS Kaup. 

Doryrha.nphus Kaup, Archiv Naturgesch., 1853, 233 (D. excisus Kaup), 
Choeroichthys Kaup, loc. cit., 1853, 233 {C. valenciennesi Kaup). 

1900. Doryrhamphus calif orniensis Gill. 

Gulf of California. 

Doryrhamphus calif orniensis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 
1862, 284, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

1901. Doryrhamphus sierra Nichols. 

Porto Rico. 

Doryrhamphus sierra Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., XXXIV, 
1915, 145, fig. 2, Porto Rico. 

Genus 640. ACUS *- Swainson. 

Acus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 333 {Syngna- 
thus sequoreus "Yarrell"). 

Osphyolax Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXVII, 1875, 450 (0. 
pellucidus Cope). 

1902. Acus eequoreus (Linnseus). Ocean pipefish. 

Open sea along coasts of Europe; recorded from New Orleans, some 

other species probably mistaken for it. 
Syngnathus xquoreus Linnrcus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 417, open sea. 
Syngnathus sibbaldi Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 6, Scotland. 
Nerophis maculata Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 57, Palermo, Italy. 
Nerophis anguineus Kaup, Lophobr., 1856, 65, Brownsey, Dorsetshire; 

Berwick. 

1903. Acus martinicensis (Bibron) Kaup. 

West Indies. 

Nerophis martinicensis (Bibron) Kaup, Lophobr., 1856, 67, Martinique. 

« We may adopt the generic name Aciu for the species of the old genus Nerophin (Rafinesque, Indice, 
SIcil., 1810, 57, type Syngnathu* ophidian L.) in which a small caudal fin is present, the tail not ending in a 
Qlament, as is the case in the type of Nerophis (Syngnathut ophidian L.) The name Acus, variously used 
by authors, ia not preoccupied in binomial nomenclature. 



244 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1904. Acus heckeli (Kaup). 

Caribbean Sea. 

Nero-phis heckeli Kaup, Lophobr., 1856, 66, Bogota; evidently not the 
exact localit}'. 

1905. Acus pellucidus (Cope). 

Open Atlantic. 

Osphyolax pellucidus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXVII, 1875, 
450, pi. 25, figs. 1 to 4, open Atlantic Ocean; a larval form of doubtful 
relitionships and differing from Acus in the very short dorsal (D. 16; 
about 40 in Acus). 

Subfamily HIPPOCAMPIN^ 

Genus 641. NANNOCAMPUS Gimther. 

Nanuocampus Giinthcr, Cat., VIII, 1870, 178 {N. subosseus Giinther). 

1906. Nannocampus nanus Ro.sen. 

Bahama Islands. 

Nannocampus nanus Rosen, Arsskr. Univ. Lund, VII, 1912, 50, Bahamas. 

Genus 642. HIPPOCAMPUS Rafinesque. 

Hippocampus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 18 {Syngnathus hippocampus 
Linnieus). 

1907. Hippocampus hudsonius DeKay. Common American seahorse; Horse- 

jish. 
Atlantic coast of United States, from Cape Cod to the Tortugas. 
Hippocampus hudsonius DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 322, p. 53, 

fig. 171, New York. 
Hippocampus Ixvicaudatus Heckel, in Kaup, Lophobranchii, 1856, 16, 

North America. 

1908. Hippocampus ingens Girard. Cahallito del mar. 

Pacific coast from San Diego to Mazatlan; rare. 

Hippocampus ingens Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., Fishes, X, 1858, 342, 

San Diego, Calif. 
Hippocampus gracilis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

282, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

1909. Hippocampus brunneus Bean. 

Bermudas. 

Hippocampus brunneus Bean, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XIX, 1906, 32, 
Long Bird Island, Bermudas. 

1910. Hippocampus punctulatus Guichenot. Cahallito del mar; Seahorse; 

Horsefish. 
Tropical parts of the Atlantic; common in the West Indies, Brazil, and 

western Africa; Gulf Stream; Beaufort, N. C. 
Hippocampus punctulatus Guichenot in Ramon de la Sagra, Hist. lie. 

Cuba, Poiss., 1853, 174, pi. 5, fig. 2, Cuba. 
Hippocampus marginalis Heckel, in Kaup, Lophobr., 1856, 15, Mexico. 
Hippocampus fasciacularis Heckel, in Kaup, loc. cit., 15, Mexico. 

1911. Hippocampus stylifer Jordan and Gilbert. 

Coasts of Florida; Snapper Banks off Pensacola and Tampa; Gulf 

Stream. 
Hippocampus stylifer Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1882, 265, Snapper Banks, Gulf of Mexico. 

1912. Hippocampus zosterae Jordan and Gilbert. 

Pensacola Bay, Fla. 

Hippocampus zosterx Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V. 
1882, 265, Grand Lagoon, Pensacola, Fla.; smallest of the seahorses, 

Order PP. AULOSTOMI 
Family 152. AULOSTOMID^. Trumpetfishes 

Genus 643. AULOSTOMUS Lacepede. 

Aulostomus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 357 (A. chinensia 

Lac6pdde). 
Polypterichthys Bleeker, Nat. Tidschr., Neder-Indie, IV, 1853, 608 (/'. 

valentini Bleeker). 
Aulostoma Schlegel, change of speUing. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 245 

1913. Aulostomus xnaculatus Valenciennes. Trompetero; Trumpetfish. 

Caribbean Sea, north to southern Florida. 

lAulostomus maculatum Valenciennes, in Cuvier, Regne Anim., Ill, 

Poiss., 1845, pi. 92, fig. 2. 
Aidostoma c.oloratum iSIiiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk, History 

Barbados, 1848, 673, Barbados. 

1914. Aulostomus cinereus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Aulostoina cinereum Poey, Synopsis, 1867, 386, Cuba. 

Family 153. FISTUIARIID.!:. Cornetfishes 

Genus 644. FISTULARIA linnseus. 

Fistularia Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 312 {F. tabacaria Linnaeus). 
Cannorhynchus Cantor, Jour. Roy. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, XVIII, 1849 

(Fistularia tabacaria Linnseus); substitute name, Fistularia having 

been used in 1750 as a pre-Linnaean name for a group of polyps. 
Flagellaria Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854 {F. fistularis Gtouow = Fist^ilaria 

tabacaria Linnajus). 
Solenostomus (Gronow) Gill, Cat. Fish. East Coast. N. A., Supl. to 

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 38 (Fistularia tabacaria 

Linnaeus). 

1915. Fistularia tabacaria Linnaeus. Trumpetfish; Trompctero; Tobacco 

trumpetfish; Unarmed trumpetfish. 
West Indies and neighboring seas; northward to Carolina and Florida, 

and occasionally to Long Island. 
Fistularia tabacaria Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 312, tropical 

America. 
Fistularia neo-horacensis Mitcliill, Trans. Lit. Pliil. Soc. Phila., I, 

1815, 437, New York. 
Aulnstnmc marcgravii Castelnau, Anim. Nouv. Amer. Sud, 1855, 30, 

Bahia, Rio Janeiro. 
Flagellaria fistularis Gronow, Cat. Fish., 1854, 146, American Ocean. 

1916. Fistularia serrata *^ Cuvier. Flutemouth. 

Western Pacific and other warm .seas; Bermuda; Cuba. 
Fistularia serrata Cnv'ier, Rdgne Anim.,ed. 1, II, 1817, 389, 34; after Bloch. 
? Fistularia immaculata Cuvier, loc. cit., 349, Sea of the Indies. 
Fistularia commersonii Riippell, Neue Wirbelthiere, 1834, 142, Red Sea. 
Fistularia villosa Klunzinger, Abh. Zool. Ges. Wien, XXI, 1871, 516, 
Red Sea. 

1917. Fistularia petimba Lac<''podc. Corncta. 

PJast Indies; Australia; China; Panama; Lower California; Japan; 

Hawaii. 
Fistularia petimba LacdpSde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 349, New 

Britain, I.sle of Rctwiion, equatorial Pacific. 
Fistularia depressa Gunther, Challenger rept. Shore Fishes, Zoologj', I, 

pt. 6, 1880, 69, pi. 32, fig. D, Sulu Archipelago, station 200, 255 

fathoms. 

1918. Fistularia corneta Gilbert and Starks. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama. 

Fistularia corneta Gilbert and Starks, Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 1904, 
56, PI. X, Bay of Panama; Mazatlan. 

Family 154. MACRORHAMPHOSIDiE. Snipefishes 

Genus 645. MACRORHAMPHOSUS Lacepede. Snipefishes. 

Macrorhauipho.sus Lacepcdo, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 136 (Silurus 

cornutus Forskkl — Balistes scolopax Linnieus). 
Centriscus Cuvier, R6gne Animal, ed. 1, II, 1817, 350; not Centriscus 

Linnaeus. 
Macroqnathus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 147 (Centriscus scolopax 

Linnajus). 

" Weber calLs thLi species viUona but quotes serratal in synonymy. The synonymy of serrata and pe- 
timba seem hopelessly confased. 



246 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1919. Macrorhamphosus scolopaz (Linnseus). Snipefish; Trumpetfish; 

Bellowsfish . 
Mediterannean Sea, northward to southern England, accidental on 

our North Atlantic Coast. 
Balistes scolopax Linnaeus, Sj'st. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 329, Mediterranean. 
Silurits cornut7is Forsk&l, Descr. Anim., 1775, 66, Marseilles. 

1920. Macrorhamphosus hawaiiensis Gilbert. 

Deep waters about Hawaii; once taken off San Pedro, Calif. (W. F. 

Thompson) . 
Macrorhamphosus hawaiiensis Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXIII, 

1903 (1905), 613, Laysan Island. 

Order QQ. PERCOMORPHI 
Suborder PERCESOCES 

Family 155. ATHERINIDiE. Silversides; Hardheads; Pescados del Rey; 

Peixe Rey 

Genus 646. HEPSETIA Bonaparte. 

Hepsetia Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, Fasc. 91 (no pages), 1837 {Atherina 

boyeri Risso). 
Atherinomorus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LV, 1903, 730 

{Atherina laticeps Foey = Atherina stipes Miiller and Troschel). . 

1921. Hepsetia stipes (Miiller and Troschel). Cabczote, Bristle herring. 

West Indies; common north to western Florida. 

f. Atherina tseniata Spix in Agassiz, Pise. Bras., 1829, 135, pi. 30, fig. 2, 

Atlantic Ocean, off Brazil. 
Atherina stipes Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk, Hist. Barbados, 

1847, 671, Barbados. 
Atherina laticeps, Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 265, Habana. 
Atherina velieana Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., II, 1879, 

342, Clear Water Harbor, Fla. 

1922. Hepsetia evermanni (Eigenmann). 

Cuba; San Cristobal; Pinar del Rio. 

Atherina evermanni Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902, 
228, fig. 9, San Cristobal, Cuba. 

Genus 647. ATHERINA (Artedi) linnseus. Friars. 

Atherina Artedi in Linnieus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 315 {Atherina 

hepsetus Linnseus). 
Aphia Risso, Europ. M6rid. 1826 {Aphia meridionalis Risso = apparently 

very young of Atherina hepsetus L.), but Risso describes their laying 

of eggs, and may refer to some other species. 
Tseniomembras Ogilby, Proc, Linn. Soc. New South Whales, XXIII, 

1898, 41 {Atherina microstoma Giinther). 

1923. Atherina arsea Jordan and Gilbert. 

Gulf of Mexico at Key West, Cozumel, and south to Caribbean Sea. 
Atherina arxa Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 
27, Key West, Fla. 

1924. Atherina harringtonensis Goode. 

Bermudas and south to Curasao. 

Atherina harringtonensis Goode, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 3d ser., XIV, 
No. 82, 1877, 297, Bermuda Islands. 

1925. Atherina microps Poey. 

Habana. 

Atherina m,icrops Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 266, Habana, Cuba. 

1926. Atherina Carolina Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

South Carolina (reference doubtful). 

Atherina Carolina Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., X, 1835, 
330 (445), "Carolinas." 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 247 

Genus 648. MENIDIA Bonaparte. 

Menidia Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, Toine III, Pesci, in description of 

Atherina hepsctus p. 91, 1836, no type, Atherina menidia Linnseus 

intended. 
Ischnomembras Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LV, 1903, 730, 

pi. 42, "Gabun River, Gabun County, West Africa," probably an 

error. 
Phoxargyrea Fowler, loc. cit., 1903, 732, Phoxargyrea dayi Fowler from 

"India," doubtless an error. 

Subgenus ISCHNOMEMBRAS Fowler. 

1927. Menidia beryllina (Cope). Silverside; Fresh-water silverside. 

Coastwise streams, Massachusetts to Florida and lower Mississippi, 

north to Tennessee. 
f.Atherinichthys gracilis Giinther, Cat., Ill, 1861, 405, no locality given. 
Christoma beryllinurn Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, 1866, 403, Potomac 

River, near Washington. 
Menidia audens Hay, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882, 64, Memphis, 

Tenn., and Vicksburg, Miss. 
Ischnomembras gabunensis Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LV, 

1903, 731, pi. 42, Gabon River, West Africa; probably an error. 

1928. Menidia beryllina cerea Kendall. 

Atlantic coast, Massachusetts to South Carolina. 

Menidia beryllina cerea Kendall, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXVII, 1901, 
261, Waquoit Bay, Mass. 

1929. Menidia peninsulas (Goode and Bean). 

Florida and Gulf coast, in salt water. 

Chirostoma peninsulae Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 
1879, 148, Pensacola. 

1930. Menidia peninsulee atrimentis Kendall. 

Florida; South Lake, Lake Monroe, Salt Lake, etc. 

Menidia pcninsulx atrimentis Kendall, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXVII, 
1901, 258, South Lake, Fla. 

1931. Menidia menidia (Linnajus). 

Atlantic coast, Cape Hatteras to Florida. 

Atherina menidia Linnteus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 519, Charleston, 

S. C. 
Atherina boscii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., X, 1835, 

345 (465), Charleston. 
Menidia dentex Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., V, 1882, 429, 

St. Johns River, Fla. 

1932. Menidia conchorum Hildebrand and Ginsberg. 

Key West, Fla. 

Menidia conchorum Hildebrand and Ginsberg, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., 
XLII, 1926 (1927), 207, fig. 1, Boca Chica, Key West, Fla. 

1933. Menidia notata (Mitchill). Silversides; Friar; Whitebait. 

Atlantic coast of United States, Nova Scotia to Cape May, intergrading 

south with M. menidia. 
Atherina notata Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 446, 

New York. 
Atherina viridescens Mitchill, loc. cit., 447, New York. 
Phoxargyrea dayi Fowler,. Pxoc. Acafl. Nat. Sci. Phila., LV, 1903, 732, 

pi. 41, "India"; no doubt an error in locality. 

1934. Menidia starksi Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Menidia starksi Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 267, PI. XX, fig. 2, Taboga Island, Panama. 

1935. Menidia sardina (Jenkins and Evermann). Pez del rey. 

Gulf of California. 

Atherina sardina Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 137, Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. 



248 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1936. Menidia clara Evcrmann and Jenkins. 

Gulf of California. 

Menidia clnra Evcrmann and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., XIII, 
1891, 136, Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. 

Genus 649. ARCHOMENIDIA Jordan and Hubbs. 

Archotnenidia Jordan and Hubbs, Rev. Silversides, 1919, 54 {Atherin- 
ichthys sallse Regan). 

1937. Archomenidia sallei (Regan). 

Mexico. 

Atherinichthys sallei Regan, Proc. Zool. See. Lond., 1903, 60, Mexico. 

Genus 650. HUBBESIA Jordan. 

Hubhesia Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., LV, 1920 (May 2, 1919), 310 
(Menidia gilberti Jordan and Bollman). 

1938. Hubhesia gilberti (Jordan and Bollman). 

Panama. 

Menidia gilberti Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1889, 
155, Panama. 

Genus 651. MEMBRAS Bonaparte. 

Memhras Bonaparte, Fauna Italica, fasc. 91 (not paged), 1837 (type 
not named directly, Atherina martinica Cuvier and Valenciennes being 
indicated) . 

1939. Membras martinicus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Martinique. 

Atherina martinica Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., X, 
1835, 340 (459), Martinique. 

1940. Membras beani (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Atlantic waters of Panama. 

Kirtlandia beani Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 270, PI. XXI, Fox Bay, Colon. 

Genus 652. KIRTLANDIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Kirtlandia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
794 {Chirostoma vagrans Goode and Bean). 

1941. Kirtlandia vagrans (Goode and Bean). Rough silverside. 

Gulf of Mexico; Florida to Texas; occasionally northward. 
Chirostoma vagrans Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 
148, Pensacola, Fla. 

1942. Kirtlandia laciniata (Swain). Silver fish; Whitebait; Silversides. 

Lower Chesapeake to South Carolina, intergrading with K. vagrans. 
Menidia vagrans lacinata Swain, in Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1882, 
908, Beaufort, N. C. 

Genus 653. THYRINA Jordan and Culver. 

Thyrina Jordan and Culver, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 3d sen, 

V, 1895, 419 {Atherinella evermanni Jordan and Culver). 
Melaniris Meek, Field Mus.-Zool., Ill, 1902, 117 {Melaniris balsanus 

Meek). 

1943. Thyrina crystallina Jordan aTid Culver. 

Rio Presidio near Mazatlan, Sinaloa. 

Thyrina crystallina Jordan and Culver, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., 3d ser., V, 1895, 420, Rio Presidio, below Presidio, Sinaloa. 

1944. Thyrina evermanni Jordan and Culver. 

West coast of Mexico; Mazatlan. 

Thyrina evermanni Jordan and Culver, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 3d ser., 
V, 1895, 419, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1945. Thyrina guija Hildebrand. Pepesca; Manjuda; Alfiler; Rovalete. 

Lake Guija, Rio del Desague near Lake Guija and Rio Lempa at 

Suchitoto and San Marcos, El Salvador. 
Thyrina guija Hildebrand, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLI, 1925, 264, 

fig. 18, Lake Guija, El Salvador. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 249 

1946. Thyrina balsana (Meek). 

Mexico, Rio Balsas, Guerrero. 

Melaniris balsamis Meek, Vnh. Field Col. Miis., Zool., Ill, 1902, 117, 
Rio Balsas, at Balsas. 

1947. Thyrina guatemalensis (Giinther). 

Lakes of Huamachal. 

Atherinichthys guatemalensis Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864, 
151, Lakes of Huamachal, Pacific coast of Guatemala. 

1948. Thyrina sardina (Meek). Sardina. 

Lakes Nicaragua and Managua. 

Melaniris sardina Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., VII, 1907, 114, Lake 

Managua, Nicaragua. 
Chirostoma guatemalensis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 

1877, 187, Lake Nicaragua; not of Giinther. 

1949. Thyrina chagresi (Meek and Hildebrand). 

Streams of Atlantic slope of Panama. 

Menidia chagresi Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 

X, 1914, 119, Rio Chagres at Gorgona, Zent and Parismina, Costa 

Rica. 

1950. Thyrina meeki MQler. 

Rio Motagua, Guatemala. 

Thyrina meeki Miller, Bull. Am^. Mus. Nat. Hist., XXIII, 1907, 
110, fig. 2, Rio Motagna, east coast of Guatemala. 

Genus 654. THYRINOPS Hubbs. 

Thyrinops Hubbs, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIX, 1918, 306 
{Atherinichthys pachylepis Giinther). 

1951. Thyrinops pachylepis (Giinther). 

Panama. 

Atherinichthys pachylepis Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 25, 
Panama. 

Genus 655. MELANORHINUS Metzelaar. 

Melanorhinus Metzelaar, Tropisch Atl. Visschen, 1919, 38 {M. boeki 
Metzelaar). 

1952. Melanorhinus boeki Metzelaar. 

West Indies. 

Melanorhinus boeki Metzelaar, Trop. .\tl. Vis.schen, 1919, 38, Oyster 
Pond, St. Martin Island. 

Genus 656. XENATHERINA Regan. 

Xenatherina Regan, Biologia Centrali .\mer., Pisces, 1906, 64 (Menidia 
lisa Meek). 

1953. Xenatherina lisa (Meek). 

Streams of Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Menidia lisa Meek, p^ield Col. Mus., Pub. Zool., V, 1904, 182, Refugio, 
Vera Cruz, Basin of Rio Papaloapam, Mexico. 

Genus 657. ATHERINELLA Steindachner. 

Atlterinella Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., II, 1875, 35 (A. panamensis 
Steindachner). 

1954. Atherinella panamensis Steindachner. 

Panama. 

Atherinella panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., II, 1875, 35, 
Panama. 

Genus 658. EURYSTOLE Jordan and Evermann. 

Euryslole Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
802 {Atherinella eriarcha Jordan and Gilbert). 

1955. Eurystole eriarcha (Jordan and Gilbert). 

West coast of Mexico; Mazatlan. 

Atherinella eriarcha Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
348, Mazatlan, Mexico. 



250 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 659. CHIROSTOMA Swainson. Pescados blancos. 

Chirostoma Swainson, Class. Fishes, etc., II, 1839, 243 (Atherina hum- 

holdiiana Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Atherinoides Bleeker, Verh. Bat. Gen., Japan, XXV, 1853, 40 (Chiros- 

toma vomerina Cuvier and Valenciennes = yl</ien'na humholdtiana 

Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Atherinichthys Bleeker, loo. cit., 40 (Atherina humholdtiana Cuvier and 

Valenciennes) . 
Heterognathus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 198 

{Atherina humholdtiana Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Lethostole Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 

792 {Chirostoma estor Jordan). 
Eslopsarum Jordan, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 1895, 330 (Chirostoma 

jordani Woohnan). 

Subgenus ESLOPSARUM Jordan. 

1956. Chirostoma jordani Woolman. 

Basin of Rio Lerma and Valley of Mexico. 

Chirostoma jordani Woolman, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 1894, 62, 

pi. 2, canals at Salamanca and City of Mexico. 
Atherinichthys brevis Therese von Baiern, Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 

1894, 149, Lake Cuitzeo, Mexico. 

1957. Chirostoma mezquital Meek. 

Durango. 

Chirostoma mezquital Meek, Field Col. Mus., pub. 93, V, 1904, 170, 
Durango, Mexico. 

1958. Chirostoma labarcae Meek. 

Rio Lerma, Mexico. 

Chirostoma laharcx Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 113, Rio 
Lerma, Mexico. 

1959. Chirostoma arge (Jordan and Snyder). 

Rio Verde, Mexico. 

Eslopsarum arge Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIV, 
1899, 133, fig. 12, Rio Verde, Mexico. 

Subgenus CHIROSTOMA Swainson. 

1960. Chirostoma bartoni Jordan and Evermann. 

Tributary of the Rio Lerma, near Guanajuato, Mexico; Lake Patzcuaro. 
Chirostoma bartoni Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and Mid. Amer., 

1896, 793, tributary of the Rio Lerma, near Guanajuato, Mexico. 
Chirostoma attenuatum Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 112, 

Lake Patzcuaro, Mexico. 

1961. Chirostoma zirahuen Meek. 

Lago de Zirahuen, Mexico. 

Chirostoma zirahuen Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 114, Lago 
de Zirahuen, Mexico. 

1962. Chirostoma patzcuaro Meek. 

Lago de Patzcuaro, Mexico. 

Chirostoma patzcuaro Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 113, 
Lago de Patzcuaro, Mexico. 

1963. Chirostoma humboldtianum (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Pescado 

bianco de Chalso. 
Lakes near the City of Mexico; La Laguna, Jalisco, Mexico. 
Atherina humholdtiana Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., X, 

1835, 355 (479), Mexico. 
Atherina vomerina Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 357 (481), lake 

near City of Mexico. 

1964. Chirostoma regani Jordan and Hubbs. 

Valley of Mexico; Lake Patzcuaro. 

Chirostoma regani Jordan and Hubbs, Leland Stanford Univ. Pub., 
Univ. Ser., 1919, 74, Xochomilco, Morelos, Mexico. After Chiros- 
toma breve Regan; not of Steindachner. 

Subgenus LETHOSTOLE Jordan and Evermann. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 251 

1965. Chirostoma chapalae Jordan and Snyder. 

Laguna de Chapala, Mexico. 

Chirostoma chapalse Jordan and Snyder, Bull., U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 
1899, 135, fig. 13, Laguna de Chapala, Me.xico, at Ocotlan. 

1966. Chirostoma consocium Jordan and Hubbs. 

Basin of Rio Lerma, Mexico. 

Chirostoma consocium Jordan and Hubbs, Rev. Silversides, in Leland 

Stanford Univ. Pub. Univ. Ser., 1919, 76, Lake Chapala at La Palma, 

Mexico. 

1967. Chirostoraa grandocule (Theresa von Baiern). 

Lake Patzcuaro, Mexico. 

Atherinichthys grandoculis Theresa von Baiern, Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. 
Wien, 1894, Lake Patzcuaro, Mexico. 

1968. Chirostoma promelas Jordan and Snyder. 

Laguna de Chapala; Guadalajara, Mexico. 

Chirostoma promelas Jordan and Snj'der, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 
1899, 136, market of Guadalajara, Mexico, from Laguna da Chapala. 

1969. Chirostoma lucius Boulenger. 

Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

Chirostoma lucius Boulenger, Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, V, 

January, 1900, 54, Lake Chapala, Mexico. 
Chirostoma crystallinum Jordan and Snvder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 

XIX, 1899 (1900), 139, fig. 16, Laguna de Chapala, Mexico, at 

Ocotlan. 

1970. Chirostoma diazi Jordan and Snyder. 

Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

Chirostoma diazi Jordan and Snvder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX 
1899 (1900), 137, fig. 15, Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

1971. Chirostoma sphyrsena Boulenger. 

Lake Chapala, Mexico. 

Chirostoma sphyraena Boulenger, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, V, 1900, 

54, Lake Chapala, Mexico. 
Chirostoma lermx Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 

1899 (1900), 142, fig. 19. 

1972. Chirostoma ocotlane Jordan and Snyder. 

Lago de Chapala, Mexico. 

Chirostoma ocotlane Jordan and Snyder, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XIX, 
1899 (1900), 140, Lago de Chapala, Mexico. 

1973. Chirostoma estor Jordan. Pescado bianco de Chapala. 

Lake Chapala, Lake Patzcuaro, Lake Zirahuan, and Lake Xochimilco, 

Mexico. 
Chirostoma estor Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 298, Lake 

Chapala (an error for Lake Patzcuaro). 
Atherinichthys albus Theresa von Baiern, Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 

1894, 148, Lake Patzcuaro, Mexico. 

Genus 660. LABIDESTHES Cope. 

Labidesthes Cope, Proc. Amar. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 455 (Chirostoma 
sicculum Cof)e). 

1974. Labidesthes sicculus (Cope). Brook silverside; Skipjack; Glassfish. 

Lake Ontario and southern Michigan to Iowa, Florida, and Texas, 

clear streams and lakes. 
Chirostoma sicculum Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 

81, Grosse Isle, Detroit River, Mich. 

Genus 661. LEURESTHES Jordan and Gilbert. Grunion. 

Leuresthes Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 29 
(Atherinopsis tenuis Ayras). 

1976. Leuresthes tenxiis (Ayres) . Grunion. 

Sandy coasts of California from San Francisco to Lower California; 

abundant southward. 
Atherinopsis tenuis Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1860, 75, 

San Francisco. 
Leuresthes crameri Jordan and P^vermann, Fishes North and Mid. 

Amer., 1896, 802, Ballenas Bay, Lower California. 



252 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 662. MUGIIOPS Meek and Hildebrand. 

Mugilops Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zoo!.. XV, 1923. 
271 {M. cijanellus Meek and Hildebrand). 

1976. Mugilops cyanella Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama Bay. 

Mugilops cijanellus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 1923, 271, PI. XXII, fig. 1, Balboa, Panama Bay. 

1977. Mugilops marina Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama Bay. 

Mugilops marinus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 1923, 272, PI. XXII, fig. 2, Porto Bello, Panama Bay. 

Genus 663. COLPICHTHYS Hubbs. 

Colpichthys Hubbs, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sei. Phila., LXVIX, 1917 (1918), 
67 (Atherinops regis Jenkins and Evermann). 

1978. Colpichthys regis (Jenkins and Evermann). Pez del rey. 

Gulf of California. 

Atherinops regis Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
188S, 138, Bay of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. 

Genus 664. ATHERINOPS Steindachner. Pascadillos del rey. 

Atherinops Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 61 {Atherinopsis 
affinis Ayres). 

1979. Atherinops affinis (Ayres). Little svielt; Pescadillo del rey. 

Coast of California, and north to Oregon. 

Atherinopsis affinis Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1860, 73, 

San Francisco. 
Atherinops orcgonia Jordan and Snjder, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLV, 

1913, 575, pi. 46, Yachats River, Oreg. 

1980. Atherinops insularum Gilbert. 

San Clemente and San Nicolas Lslands of the Santa Barbara Group; 

Guadalupe Island. 
Atherinops insularuyn Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 549, 

San Clemente, San Nicolas, and Guadalupe Islands. 

1981. Atherinops insularum cedroscensis Hubbs. 

Shores of Cedros and San Benito Islands, Lower California. 

Atherinops insularum cedroscensis Hubbs, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXVIII, 1918, 434, southeast side of Cedros Island, Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

1982. Atherinops insularum guadalupse Hubbs. 

Guadalupe Island, off Lower California. 

Atherinops insularum guadalupie Hubbs, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXVIII, 1918, 435, Guadalupe Island. 

Genus 665. ATHERINOPSIS Girard. Pescado del rey. 

Atherinopsis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 134 (A. 
calijorniensis Girard). 

1983. Atherinopsis calif orniensis Girard. California blue smelt; Pescado 

del rey; Peixe rey; Pesce rey. 
Coast of California, from Cape Mendocino to Ballenas Bay, Lower 

California; abundant. 
Atherinopsis calijorniensis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 134, San Francisco, Calif. 

1984. Atherinopsis sonoree Osburn and Nichols. 

Cedros Island, Lower California. 

Atherinopsis sonorx Osborn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 156, fig. 8, Cedros Island, Lower California. 

Family 156. MUGILID.ffl. Mullets 

Genus 666. MUGIL Linnaeus. Striped mullets (soft dorsal and anal not 

scaled). 
Mugil Artedi, in Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 316 (M. cephalus 

Linnaeus). 
Arnion Gistel, Thierreich, 1848, X (M. cephalus L.). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 253 

1985. Mugil brasiliensis Agassiz. Liza; Lebrancho; Queriman; Bhteback mullet; 

Fantail muUet. 

Cuba to Patagonia; West Indies; Brazil; Habana, probabl.y north to 
Virginia. 

Mugil brasiliensis Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 134 (234 bv mispaging), 
1829, pi. 72, Atlantic Ocean off Brazil. 

Mugil liza Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XI, 1836, 61 
(83), Brazil; Porto Rico; Maracaibo; Surinam; Martinique. 

Mugil lebranchus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 260, plate 18, fig. 3 Cuba. 

Querimana gyrans Jordan and Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 
1884, 26, Key West; "the whirligig mullet" a little fish, with two 
anal spines, now regarded as the young of Mugil, but if so of M. 
brasiliensis as the scales are 28 to 29 (41 in Mugil cephalus). It is 
recorded from Woods Hole and Fortress Monroe; in revolving 
schools, perhaps mixed with the young of M. cephalus. 

1986. Mugil cephalus Linna;us. Common mullet; Striped mullet; C^/alo; 

Macho; Machuto; Lisa cabezuda; CaUifaver mrdlet. 
Cosmopolitan; coasts of southern Europe and northern Africa; Atlantic 

coast of America from Cape Cod to Brazil; Pacific coast of America 

from Monterey to Chile; Hawaii; Japan; entering rivers. Perhaps 

more than one species included, but we fail to detect differences. 

If different, the American species must be known as Mugil albula of 

the Atlantic and Mugil mexicanus of the Pacific. 
Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 316, Europe; based 

on Artedi. 
Mugil albula Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. XII, 1766, 520, Charleston, S. C. 
IMugil tang Bioch, Ichtliyologia, 1794, 171, Africa. 
tMugil plumieri Bloch, loc. cit., 173, St. Vincent; on a drawing by 

Plumier. 
Mugil lineatus Mitchill, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

XI, 1836, 71 (96), New York. 
Mugil ramrnelsbergii Tschudi, Fauna Peruana, Ichth., 1845, 20, Peru. 
Mugil berlandicri Girard, C S. and Mex. Bound. Surv., 1859, 20, pi, 

10, figs. 1 to 4, St. Jo.sephs Island, Indianola, Brazos Santiago; 

Brazos; Galveston; all on coast of Texas. 
Mugil guentherii Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phiia., XXI, 1863, 169, 

western coast of Central America; not of Stcindarhner. 
Mugil mexicanus Steindachncr, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 58, Acapulco, 

Mexico. 

Genu.s 667. QUERIMANA Jordan and Gilbert. White mullets. (Soft dor- 
sal and anal closely scaled.) 
Querimana Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 588 
{Myxus harengus Giinthcr, now regarded as the young of Mugil 
curema). 

1987. Querimana curema (Cuvier and Valenciennes). While mullet; Blue- 

back mullet; Lisa; Lisa blanca. 
Both coasts of America, Cape Cod to Brazil and Mazatlan to Chile. 
Mugil curema Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XI, 1836, 

64 (87), Brazil; Martiniciue; Cuba. 
Mugil petrosus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 65 (89), Brazil; 

Surinam; Gulf of Mexico; Cuba. 
Myxus harengus Giinthcr, Cat., Ill, 1861, 467, Pacific coast of Central 

America; young examples with two anal spines. 

1988. Querimana incilis (Hancock). Trench mullet. 

Waters of Central America; Rio Chagres to Part and Bahia. 
Mugil incilis Hancock, Quart. Jour. Sci., 1830, 127, Guiana. 
Mugil giinlheri Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, I, 1864, 12, Briti.sh 
Guiana. 

1989. Querimana thoburni (.Jordan and Stark.s). 

Pacific coast of tropical .\merica, from Guatemala to Galapagos Islands. 
Mugil thoburni Jordan and Starks, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes 
North and Mid. Amcr., 1896, 812, Galapagos Islands, 

6424°— 29 17 



254 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

1990. Querimana hospes (Jordan and Culver). Lisita. 

West coast of Alcxico to Panama Bay. 

Mugil hospes Jordan and Culver, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., V, 
1895, 422, pi. 31, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

1991. Querimana gaimardiana (Desmarest). Redeye mullet; Liza ojo de 

Perdiz. 
Florida Keys to Cuba; Key West. 
Mugil gaiinardianus Desmarest, Diet. Class., 1831, pi. 109, Cuba. 

1992. Querimana setosus (Gilbert). 

Clarion Island of the Revillagigedo Group. 

Mugil setosus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 549, Clarion 
Island. 

1993. Querimana trichodon (Poey). Fantail midlet. 

Florida Keys to Brazil; Key West. 

Mugil trichodon Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1875, 66, pi. 8, 
figs. 4-8, Cuba. 

Genus 668. CHiENOMUGIL Gill. 

Chxnomugil Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 169 {Mugil 
proboscideus Giinther). 

1994. Chaenomugil proboscideus (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; AI; zatlan; Cordova; Panama. 
Mugil proboscideus Giinther, Cat., Ill, 1861, 459, Island of Cordova 
(Cardon), west coast of Central America. 

Genus 669. DAJAUS Cuvier and Valenciennes. Mountain midlets. 

1 Agonostomus Bennet, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., I, 1830, 105 {A. telfairii 

Bennett). 
Dajaus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., XI, 1836, 122 (164) 

{Mugil monticola Bancroft). 
Neomugil Vaillant, Bull. Soc. Philom., Paris, 1894, 73 {N. digueti 

Vaillant) . 

1995. Dajaus monticola (Bancroft). Trucha; Mountain mullet. 

Fresh waters of the West Indies and the Atlantic and Pacific streams 

of Mexico and Central America. 
Mugil monticola Bancroft, in Griffith's ed. Cuvier's Animal Kingdom, 

Fishes, 1836, 367, pi. 36, Jamaica. 
Mugil irretitus Gosse, Nat. Sojourn Jamaica, 1851, 84, Jamaica. 
Agonosloma nasutum Giinther, Cat., Ill, 1861, 463, Rio Geronimo, 

Guatemala. 
Neomugil digueti Vaillant, Bull. Soc. Philom., IV, 1894, 73, Lower 

California. 
Agonostomus salvini Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. XIX, 1907, 7, 

and Biol. Cent. Amer., Pisces., 1907, 68, PI. XI, fig. 2, Nacasil, 

Guatemala. 

1996. Dajaus percoides (Giinther). 

San Domingo. 

Agonosloma percoides Giinther, Cat., Ill, 1861, 464, San Domingo; 
perhaps not distinct from Dajaus monticola. 

1997. Dajaus microps (Giinther). 

West Indies and Central America. 

Agonosloma microps Giinther, Cat., Ill, 1861, 462; probably West 
Indies. 

Genus 670. JOTURUS Poey. 

Joturus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 263 {J. pichardi Poey). 
XenorhynchicMhys Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., II, 1908, 461 {Joturus 
stipes Jordan and Gilbert). 

1998. Joturus pichardi Poey. Joturo. 

Rivers of Cuba; at the foot of waterfalls. 

Joturus pichardi Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 263, Rio Almendares, near 
Habana. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 255 

1999. Joturus globiceps (Giinther). Bobo. 

Rivers and cataracts of eastern Mexico, from Jalapa to Costa Rica 

and Panama. 
Agonostoma globiceps Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, XIV, 

1874, 370, Myzantla, Vera Cruz. 
Joturus stipes Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 373, 

Rio Baj^ano, near Panama. 

Family 157. SPHYR.aENID.E. Barracudas 

Genus 671. SPHYE^NA Rose. 

Sphyrsena Rose, in Artedi Piscium, 1793, 52 {Esox sphyrsena Linnaeus). 
Sphyrsena Artedi, in Bloch and Schneider, S3'st. Ichth., 1801, 109 {Esox 

sphyrsena Linna;us). 
Agriosphyrsena Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LV, 1903, 749 
{Esox barracuda Walbaum). 

Subgenus SPHYR.ffiNA Rose. 

2000. Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnajus). Europeqn barracuda; Spot; Sennet. 

Coasts of southern Europe and neighboring islands, west to the Ber- 
mudas. 

Esox sphyrsena Linnaeus, S3-st. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 313, Mediterranean 
Sea. 

Esox spet Haiiy, Encj'cl. Metod. Poiss., 1787; after Linnajus. 

Sphyrsena vulgaris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 
1829, 242 (327), Mediterranean. 

Sphyrsena viridensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 251 (339), St. 
Jago, Cape Verde Islands. 

2001. Sphyraena argentea Girard. California barracuda; Barracouta. 

Pacific coast, from San Francisco southward to Cape San Lucas. 
Sphyrsena argentea Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 144 

San Diego, Calif. 
Sphyrsena lucasana Gill, loc. cit., XV, 1863, 86, Cape San Lucas. 

2002. Sphyraena ensis Jordan and Gilbert. Vicuda. 

Gulf of California to Panama. 

Sphyrsena ensis Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882, 106, 
Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2003. Sphyraena borealis DeKay. Northern barracuda; Sennet. 

Atlantic coast of the United States, from Cape Cod to North Carolina. 
Sphyrsena borealis DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 39, pi. 60, 
New York. 

2004. Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier and Valenciennes. Guaguanche peldn; 

Guanuanche. 
West Indies north to Pensacola; Gulf Stream to Woods Hole. 
Sphvrsena guachancho Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 

1829, 252 (342), Habana. 
Sphyrsena gnntheri Haly, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., XV, 1875, 270, Colon. 

2005. Sphyraena picudilla Poey. Picudilla; Baracuda. 

West Indies, on the coasts of Cuba; Bahia. 

Sphyrsena picudilla Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 162; Habana. 

Subgenus AGRIOSPHYR^NA Fowler. 

2006. Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum). Great barracuda; Picuda; Becuna; 

Short barracuda. 

West Indies and Brazil, north to Pensacola, Charleston, and the Ber- 
mudas; accidental to Woods Hole, Mass. 

Umbra minor, etc. (the barracuda) Catesby, Fishes of Carolina, etc., 
II, 1743, 1, pi. 1, Bahamas. 

Esox barracuda Walbaum, Artedi Piscium, III, 1792, 94; after Catesby. 

Sphyrsena sphyrsena var. picuda Bloch and Schneider, ed. Bloch, Syst. 
Ichth., 1801, 110, Habana; after Parra. 

Sphyrxna becuna Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, pi. 9, fig. 3; 
after drawing by Plumier at Martiniciue. 



256 tl. S. BUREAU OP FISHERIES 

Suborder RHEGNOPTERI 

Family 158. POLYNEMID.E. Threadfins 

Genus 672. POLYNEMUS Linnseus. Barbudos. 

Polyncmus (Gronowj Liiuiaus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 317, (P. quin- 

quariiis, virginicua, and pai-adiseiis Liiina;us); properly restricted by 

Giinther and by general usage to Polynemus paradiseus Linnaeus. 
Polyilactyliis Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 419 (P. plumieri 

Ijac6\:)edc = Polyncmus virginicus Linna?us). 
Trichidion Klein, in Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 

274 {Polynemus virginicus Linnaeus). 

2007. Polynemus approximans Lay and Bennett. Raton. 

Pacific coast of trojjical America; Giiaymas to Panama; Santa Catalina 

and .San Diego. 
Polynemus approximans Lav and Bennett, Beechev's Voyage, Zool., 

Fish., 1839, 57, Mazatlan,' Mexico. 
Polynemus californiensis Thoniinot, Bull, de la Soc. Philom. de Paris, 

Seance, 27 Juin, 1886, (7), X, 161, California. 

2008. Polynemus virginicus Linnieus. Barbudo; Barbu; Catfish. 

West Indies, north to the Florida Keys. 

Polynemus virginicus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 317, America. 

Polydactylus plumierii Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803, 419, 

Martinicpie; from a drawing l)y Plumier. 
Polynemus mango Lacepede, loc. cit., 413, America, after Linnaius. 
Polynemus americanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit.. Ill, 1829, 

291 (393), Cayenne, San Domingo, Martinic|ue. 
Polynemus oligodon Giinther, Cat., II, 1860, 322, Rio Janeiro. 

2009. Polydactylus opercularis (Gill). 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Cape San Lucas to Panama. 
Trichidion opercularis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 168, 

Cape San Lucas. 
Polynemus melanopoma Giinther, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond., VI, 1868, 

421, San Jose de Guatemala. 

2010. Polynemus octonemus Girard. Threadfin; Eight-threaded threadfish. 

New York to the Rio Grande. 

Polynemus octonemus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858, 

167, Brazos Santiago; Galveston. 
Trichidion octojllis (Jill, loc. cit., XIII, 1861, 280, New York. 

Genus 673. PENTANEMUS Giinther. 

Pentanemus Giinther, Cat., II, 1860, 331 {Polynemus quinquarius 
Linnauis). 

2011. Pentanemus quinquarius (Linnaeus). 

Atlantic Ocean; West Indies to coast of Africa; rare. 

Polyncmus quinquarius Linmeus, Syst. Nat., "Ed. X, 1758, 317, America; 

after Gronow. 
Polynemus arledii Bennett, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1831, 146, Africa. 
Polynemus viacronemus Pel, Bydrage tot de Dierk., 1851, 9, Africa. 

Series SCOMBRIFORMES 

Family 159. ACANTHOCYBIID-ffl 

Genus 674. ACANTHOCYBIUM Gill. Pelos. 

Acanlhocybium Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 125 
{Cybium sara Bennett). 

2012. Acanthocybium petus (Poey). Pelo. 

West Indies north to Key West; recorded from Italy. 
Cybium petus Poey, Memorias, II, 1S61, 234, pi. 16, fig. 1, Habana. 
Cybium verany Doderlein, Giorn. di Sci. Nat., ed. Econ., VIII, 1872, 
Palermo. 

2013. Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Ono; Peto. 

Warmer ijarts of the Pacific; Hawaii; Pacific coast of Mexico; and 

South Seas. 
Cybitim solandri Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 192, open seas; exact locality unknown; after Solander, 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 257 

Family 160. CYBIIDiE « 

Genus 675. SIERRA Fowler. 

Sierra Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVI, 1904 (1905), 766 
{Cybium cavalla Cuvier). 

2014. Sierra cavalla (Cuvier). Sierra; Kingfish; Cavalla. 

Tropical Atlantic; Florida Keys and Charleston; Cape Cod; Africa; 

Brazil. 
Cybium cavalla Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 200; after Guara- 

puca of Marcgrave. 
Cybium immaculatum Cu\aer and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 140 (191), no localitv. 
Cybium caballa Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 187, Brazil. 

Genus 676. SCOMBEROMORUS Lacepede. 

Scomberomorus Lacepede, Hist. Xat. Poi.ss., Ill, 1802, 292 {S. plumieri 
Lacepede = 5com6er regalis Bloch). 

Polipturus Rafinesque, Anal, de la Nat., 1815, 89; substitute for Scom- 
beromorus. 

Chriomitra Lockington, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pliila., XXXI, 1879, 133 
(C concolor Lockington). 

2015. Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill). Spanish mackerel; Spaniard; 

Spotted cybium; Bay mackerel; Spotted mackerel. 
East coa.st of America from Cape Ann to Brazil; common in Gulf of 

Mexico but not recorded from Cuba. 
Scomber maculatus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soe. N. Y., I, 1815, 426, 

New York; not of Couch. 

2016. Scomberomorus sierra Jordan and Starks. Sierra. 

Pacific coa.st of tropica! .\merica. 

Scomberomorus sierra Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. .\cad. 
Sci., V, 1895, 428, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2017. Scomberomorus regalis (Bloch). Sierra; Pintado; Cero; Sier; Siering; 

Sean r; Spotted cero; Kingfish; Black-spotted Spanish mackerel. 

Cape Cod to Brazil; Cuba. 

Scomber regalis Bloch, Naturgesch. ausl. Fische, VII, 1793, 38, Marti- 
nique; after a drawing by Plumicr. 

Scomberomorus plumieri Laceji^'dd, Hist. Nat. Poi.ss., Ill, 1802, 292, 
Martiiiif|ue. 

Cybium arervum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 1831, 
1.3(1 (lS(t), Martinifpie; Cuba; St. Domingo. 

2018. Scomberomorus concolor (Lockington). Monterey Spanish mackerel. 

Coast of California. 

Chriomitra concolor Lockington, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXI, 
1879, 133, Monterey, Calif. 

Family 161. SCOMBRIDiE 

Genus 677. SCOMBER Linnaeus. 

Scomber Artedi, in Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 297 {S. scombrus 

Linna-us). 
Cordylus Gronow, Cat. Fi.sh., 1854, 163 {Scomber scombrus L.). 

2019. Scomber scombrus Linnajus. Common mackerel; Boston mackerel; 

W awwhmmekcsuog ; Caballa. 
North Atlantic; Norway and Labrador, south to Spain and Cape 

Hatteras. 
Scomber scombrus Linnams, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 297, Atlantic. 
Scomber vernalis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

423, Sandy Hook, N. J. 

Genus 678. PNEUMATOPHORUS Jordan and Gilbert. 

I'ncnmaloyhorus Jcjidan and Gilbert, Proc. I,'. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
593 {Scomber pneumatophorus De la lioch(i = Scomber colias Gmelin). 

** The family name Cybiidsr may be applied to ttie allies of Scomberomorus and Cybium. Ttie name 
may he preferred to one derived from Scomberomorus, as ttie Kenus Cybium is also valid. Cybium com- 
memoni, ttie Asiatic type of Cybium f'uvier, lias tiut two KiHrakers, wtiile in Scomberomorus there are 8 to 
11 below the angle. Acanlhocybium (giant fishes with the retiiMJlaled Kills of a swordfish) should con.stituto 
B separate family. The earliest of the many fossils of this type are mainly allies of Hcomberovtorut. 



258 V. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2020. Pneumatophorus grex (Mitchill). Chub mackerel; Tinker mackerel; 

Easter mackerel; Thi7nhle-eyed mackerel; Spanish mackerel of England. 
The small mackerel called by the above names is very abundant on 

our Atlantic coast. It is very close to the similar species of Europe, 

Scomber colias Gmelin. 
1 Scomber colias Gmelin, Syst. Nat., 1788, 1329, Sardinia; after Cetti. 
iScomber lacertus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 209, Sardinia; after Cetti. 
tScomber 'pneumatophorus De la Roche, Ann. Mus. Nat. Hist., XIII, 

1809, 315, Balearic Islands. 
''.Scomber macropthalmus Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 20 and 53, Palermo. 
Scomber grex Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 422, 

New York. 
^Scomber maculatus Couch, Mag. Nat. Hist., V, 1832, 22, England. 
iScomber undulatus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fishes, Amphib., etc., II, 

1839, 409, Sicily. 
IScomber gracilis Swainson, loc. cit., 410, Sicily. 
Scomber dekayi Storer, Fishes Mass., 1867, 130, Massachusetts. 

2021. Pneumatophorus diego (Ayres). 

Coast of California; very abundant southward. Perhaps not .separable 

from the Japanese species. Scomber japonicus; some small differences 

apparently permanent. 
IScomber japonicus Houttuyn, Verhand. HoU. Maatsch. Haarl., XX, 

1782, 331, Japan. 
"iScomber auratus Houttuyn, loc. cit., 333, Japan. 
Scomber diego Ayres, Proc, Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1856, 101, Santa 

Barbara, Calif. 

2022. Pneumatophorus australasicus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

North coast of Australia, from Moreton Baj", Queensland to Lord 
Howe Island, Hawaii and Socorro Island off the west coast of Mexico. 

Scomber australasicus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 
1831, 49, Austraha. 

Family 162. KATSUW0NID.a:. The victor fishes 

Genus 679. KATSUWONUS Kishinouye. Oceanic bonito. 

Katsuwonus Kishinouye, Scombroid Fish. Japan, Coll. Agric. Tokvo, 
VIII, 1923, 452 {Scomber pelamis L.). 

2023. Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus). Oceanic bonito. 

Open Atlantic; rarely north to Cape Cod and Bermudas on the Atlantic 

coast. 
Scomber pelamis Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 297, "in Pelago inter 

Tropicos." 
Scomber pelamides Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 14; after 

Linnaeus. 

2024. Katsuwonus vagans (Lesson). Aku; Pacific bonito. 

Pacific Ocean, Hawaii, .'outhern California, and Japan; inordinately 

abundant in open sea. 
Thynnus vagans Lesson, Voy. Coquille, ZooL, II, 1828, 162, pi. 32. 
Thynnus afmis Cantor, Cat. Malay Fishes, 1849, 106. 

(lenus 680. EUTHYNNUS Lutken. 

Euthynnus Lutken, Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 
Amer., 1896, 868 (Thynnus thunnina Cuvier and Valenciennes = 
Scomber alletteratus Rafinesque). 
This genus proves to be quite distinct from Gymnosarda, with which it 
has been confused. Gymnosarda is an Asiatic ally of Sarda. 

2025. Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque). Little tunny; Bonito. 

Warm seas; north in Gulf Stream to Cape Cod; rather common at 

New York in summer: West Indies; Mediterranean; Japan. 
Scomber alletteratus Rafinesque, Carattcri, 1810, 46, Palermo. 
Thynnus leachianus Risso, Eur. Merid., Ill, 1826, 414, Nice. 
Scomber quadripunctatus Geoffrey St. Hilaire, Descr. Egypt. Poiss., 

1827, pi. 24, fig. 3, Egypt. 
Thynnus thunnina Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 76, (104), pi. 212, Mediterranean. 
Thtjnnus brasiliensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 80 (110), Brazil. 
Thynnus brevipinnis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 81 (112), 

Mediterranean. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 259 

2026. Euthynnus yaito Kishinouye. Kaioakawa; Yaito. 

Japan; Hawaii; Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Euthynnus yaito Kishinouye, Scombroid Fishes, 1923, 420, Japan. 

2027. Euthynnus lineatus Kishinouye. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Euthynnus lineatus Kishinouye, Sici. Gakko, No. Ill, 1920, 113; and 
in Scombroid Fishes, 1923,430, fig. 2, Manzanillo, Mexico. 

Genus 681. AUXIS Cuvier. Frigate mackerels. 

Auxis Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 199 (Scomber rochei Risso = 
Scomber thazard Lacepede). 

2028. Auxis rochei (Risso). Frigate mackerel. 

Open Atlantic, at times northward to Cape Cod; perhaps not separable 

from A. thazard (Lacepede) of the South Seas. 
Scomber rochei Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 165, Nice. 
Scomber bisus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 45, Palermo. 

Family 163. THUNNID.^. Tunnies and albacores 

Genus 682. SARDA Cuvier. Bonitos. 

Sarda Cuvier, Rdgne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 199 (Scomber pelamys 

Briinnich; not of hinniv'us = Scomber sarda Bloch). 
Pelamys Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 1831, 149 

(Scomber sarda L.); name preoccupied. 
Palamita Bonaparte, Ittiologia Generale, 1831, 107, substitute for 

Pelamys. 
Creotroctes Gistel, Thierreich, X, 1848 (Scomber sarda L.) ; substitute 

for Pelamys, 

2029. Sarda sarda (Bloch). Bonito; Bone jack; Bone-eater; Skipjack. 

Atlantic ocean, on both coasts, north to Cape Cod; very abundant. 
Scomber sarda Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, VII, 1793, 44, Europe. 
Scomber mediterraneus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 23, 

Marseilles; after Briinnich. 
Scomber pelamitus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 44, pi. 2, Palermo. 

2030. Sarda lineolata ■'^ (Girard). California bonito; Skipjack. 

California, Patagonia ancl Japan; if .S. orientalis is not distinct. 
'IPelamys chilien.'iis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIIT, 

1831, 118 (163), Valparai-so. 
"iPelamys orientalis Temminck and Schlegel, Fauna Japon., Poiss., 1844, 

99, pi. 52, Japan. 
Pelamys lineolata Girard, Pac. R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 106, San Diego, 

Calif. 

2031. Sarda velox Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Sarda velox Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, 
1923, 320, pi. 24, Panama market. Reported by Nichols and 
Breder from Block Island, R. I.; probably an error. 

Oe us 683. THUNNUS South. Great tunnies. 

Thynnus Cuvier, Ri'gnc Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 313 (Scomber thynnus L.); 

name preoccupied in Lepidoptera. 
Thunnus South, Encyclop. Metropol., V, 1845, 620 (Scomber thynnus 

Linnccus); substitute for Thynnus. 
Albacora Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. V, 1888, 106 (Scomber thynnus L.). 
Orycnus Cooper, Proc, Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., Ill, 1863, 77 (Scomber 

thynnus L.); not Orycnus Gill, 1861, the name originally a misprint 

for Orcynus. 

2032. Thunnus saliens .Jordan and Evermann. Leaping tuna. 

Eastern Pacific; lower California, north to mouth of Columbia River; 

the type locality Santa Catalina Island. 
Thunnus saliens Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Papers, Calif. Acad. Sci., 

XII. Sept. 30, 1926, 10, Santa Catalina Island, Calif. 

«' This species is well separated from Sarda sarda of the Atlantic. Sarda orientalis of Japan and Hawaii 
Is nearly related, and both may be iaseparablc from S. chiUnsis of Chile, as has been a-ssunied by Jordaa 
and Evermann (1896;. 



260 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2033. Thunnus secundodorsalis Storer. 

North Atlantic; New York to Labrador. 

Thunnus secundodorsalis Storer, Hist. Fish. Mass., 1875, 163, PL XXII, 
fig. 1, Provincetown, Mass. 

2034. Thunnus subulatus (Poej-). 

West Indies; Cuba. 

Orcynus subulatus Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 71, Cuba; perhaps same 
as T. coretta. 

2035. Thunnus coretta (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Bonita of Martinique. 

West Indies. 

Tynnus coretta Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 1831, 
102, a young fish 11 inches long from Martinique. 

Genus 684. GERMO Jordan. Long-finned albacores. 

Orcynus Cuvier, Regne Anim., Ed. I, 1817, 314 (Scomber germo 

LRcep^de =^ Scomber alalunga Gmelin; not Orcynus Rafinesque, 1810, 

which is Scomberoides). 
Germo Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XL, 1888, 180 (Scombrus 

alalonga Gmelin) ; substitute for Orcynus, preoccupied. 

2036. Germo alalunga (Gmelin). Albacore; Alilonghi. 

Mediterranean; Atlantic; all warm seas. 

Scomber alalunga Gmelin, Syst. Nat., I, 1788, 1330, Sardinia; mis- 
printed Alatmiga. 

Thynnus atlanticus Lesson, Voy. Coquille Zool., II, 1830, 165, Atlantic 
ocean. 

Thynnus balteatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 
1831, 98 (136), coast of Brazil ('*\'is-a-vis la Trinitc du Brazil, par les 
20° de latitude Australe"). 

2037. Germo germo (Lacepede). 

Pacific Ocean; California; Hawaii, Japan, and southward. 

Scomber germo Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 598, lat. 17° S., 

long. 103° W. 
Thynnus -pacificus Cuvier and Valenciennes, op. cit., VIII, 1831, 96 

(133), lat. 26° S.; long. 103° W. 

Genus 685. NEOTHUNNUS Kishinouye. Yellow-finned albacores. 

Neothunnus Kishinouye, Coll. Agric. Tokyo, VIII, 1923, 445 (Thynnus 
macro pier us Temminck and Schlegel). 

2038. Neothunnus catalinae Jordan and Evermann. Yellow-finned albacore. 

Open Pacific; southern California, about Santa Catalina Island. 
Neothunnus catalina' Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Paper No. 12, Calif. 
Acad. Sci., Sept. 30, 1926, 19, pi. 4, Santa Catalina Island, Calif. 

2030. Neothunnus albacores (Bonnaterre). West Indies long-finned albacore. 
West Indies. 
Scomber albacores Bonnaterre, Encyc. Ichth., 1788, 140, Jamaica; ba.sed 

on Sloane; not albacora Lowe. 
Scomber sloani Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 1831, 
107 (148), Jamaica; after Sloane. 

2040. Neothunnus allisoni (Mowbray). Allison's tuna. 

Coast of Florida. 

Thunnus allisoni Mowbray, Copeia, No. 78, 1920, 9, with text fig., 
Biscayne Bay, east coast of Florida. 

Family 164. GEMPYLIDJE. Snake mackerel ; Escolares 

Genus 685. ESCOLAR Jordan and Evermann. 

Escolar Jordan and Evermann, in Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 

1896, 519 (Thyrsiiops violaceus Bean). 
Bipinnula Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 

878 (Thyrsiiops violaceus Bean); duplication of names accidental 

through noncorrection of proofs. 

2041. Escolar violaceus (Bean). 

Atlantic coast of America in deep water; LaHave Bank. 
Thyrsiiops violaceus Bean, Proc. LJ. S. Nat. Mas., .X, 1887, 513, LaHave 
Bank; perhaps the same as Escolar niger. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 261 

2042. Escolar niger (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Thyrsites niger Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 74, deep water off Cuba. 

Genus 687. RUVETTUS Cocco. Escolares. 

Ruveitus Cocco, Giorn. Sci. Sicilia, XLlI, 1829, 2 {R. pretiosus Cocco). 
Aplurus Lowe, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, II, 1841, 180 {A. simplex 

Lowe) . 
Acatiihoderyna Cantraine, Jour. Acad. Sci. Belles-Lett res Bru.xelles, X, 
1837 {A. temmincki). 

2043. Ruvettus pretiosus ^^ Cocco. Escolar; Rovetto; Ruvetto; Chicolar; Oilfish; 

Scourfish; Plaintail. 
Mediterranean and westward to Cuba in Atlantic. 
Ruvetlus pretiosus Cocco, in Giornale di Scienze per la Sicilia, XLII, 

1829, 21, Messina. 
Telragonurus simplex Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1833, 143, Madeira. 
Ruvettus temminckii Cantraine, Giorn. Sci. Ft. Litt. Pisa, 1833, Malta; 

fide Poey. 
Thyrsilea acanthoderma Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, 78, Madeira. 
Thyrsites scholaris Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 372, pi. 32, fig. 1, Cuba. 

Genus 688. EPINNULA Poey. 

Epiiuiula Puey, Moiuorias, I, 1854, 369 (E. magistralis Poey). 

2044. Epinnula magistralis Poey. Domine. 

Habana. 

Epinnula magistralis Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, 369, Habana. 

Genus 689. NEALOTUS Johnson. 

Xealotus Johnson, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1865, 434 {N. tripes Johnson). 

2045. Nealotus tripes Johnson. 

About Madeira in deep water; between the Bahamas and Bermudas. 

Xenliitiis tri/ies Johnson, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1865, 434, Madeira. 

Genus 690. PROMETHICHTHYS Gill. Conejos. 

Prometheus Lowe, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond., II, 1841, 181, Madeira 
{Psempylus prometheus Cuvier and Valenciennes); name preoccupied. 

Promethichthys Gill, Mem. Nat. Acad. Sci., VI, 1893, 115 and 123 
{Prometheus atlanticus howe = Gempylus prometheus Cuvier and Va- 
lenciennes). 

2046. Promethichthys prometheus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Rabbitfish; 

Coelho; Conejo; Bermuda catfish. 
Tropical .\tlantic; Cuba; Bermuda. 
Gernptjlus prometheus Cuvier and Valencienne.s, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 1.56 (213), pi. 222, St. Helena. 

Genus 691. PTAX *'' Jordan and Evermann. 

Ptax Jordan and Evorniaiiii, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 4th .ser., XVI, 
Apr. 27, 1927, 504 (Dicrolus parvipinnis Goode and Bean). 

2047. Ptax parvipinnis (Goode and Bean). 

Western .\tlantic in deep water. 

Dicrotus parvipinnis Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 201, fig. 212, 

Gulf Stream at Albatross .stations 2537, 2542, and 2601, at about 

40° N., 70° \V. 

Genus 692. GEMPYLUS Cuvier and Valenciennes. Snake mackerels. 

Gempylus Cuvier and N'alencienncs, Hist. Xat. Poiss., VIII, 1831, 152 

(207 j (6'. serpens Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Lemnisoma Lesson, Voyage Coquille, Poiss., 1826 (1831), 100, the date 

later tlian that of Gempylus, as the work of sub.sequent Cuvier and 

Valenciermcs is quoted by Lesson (Lemnisoma thyrsitoides Le.s.son). 
Zypothyca Swain.son, Nat." Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 239 

{Gempylus coluber Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

« A si>ecies very similar, regarded by Doctor Oudger as the same, is RuceUus pretiosus \Veber = /i. paci- 
ftcus Jordan and Jordan, from llic tropical I'aciflc north to Hawaii. 

'' From irraf, a rabbit, conejo, a .Sjianish name of Promethichthys. The Rcnus is cliaracterized by the 
number of fin rays— U. XXI, II; A. II, 8— while in /^rom«//iic/i//ii/.'( the rays are D. XVIII, 19-11; A. 16-11. 
Dicrolus has two lateral lines, the fin rays about as In Promelhichthyi. 



262 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2048. Qempylus serpens Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Deep seas of the Atlantic. 

Gempylus serpens Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 152 (207), Martinique. 
Gempylus ophidianus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 246, Cuba. 

Family 165. TRICHIURID.S. Hairtails; Cutlassfishes 

Genus 693. TRICHIURUS Linnseus. Hairtails. 

Trichiurus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 246 (T. lepturus Linnseus); 

after Artedi. 
Gymnogaster Gronow, Mus. Ichth., I, 1754, 17, No. 47, and Zooph., I, 

1763, 136 {Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus). 
Enchelyopus Klein, in Bleeker, Versl. Akad. Amsterdam XIV, 1862, 

109 (Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus); after Klein; not of Schneider nor 

of Gronow. 
Lepturus (Artedi) Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 126 

{Trichiurus lepturus Linnseus, a revival of a pre-Linnsean name). 

2049. Trichiurus lepturus Linnseus. Cutlassfish; Scabbardfish; Silverfish; 

Sable; Savola; Hairtail; Ribbonfish; Silvery hairtail. 
Western Atlantic north to New Jersey; West Indies. 
Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 246, America; 

after Lepturus of Artedi. 
Trichiurus argenteus Shaw, Gen. Zool., IV, 1803, 90, pi. 12; after 

Linnseus. 

2050. Trichiurus nitens Garman. 

Off Galapagos Islands. This or a similar species in the Gulf of California. 
Trichiurus nitens Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 69, 
off Galapagos Islands, Albatross stations 3354, 3389. 

Genus 694. APHANOPUS Lowe. 

Aphanopus Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., Pt. VI, 1839, 79 (A. carbo 
Lowe) . 

2051. Aphanopus minor Collett. 

East coast of Greenland. 

Aphanopus minor Collett, Vidensk. Selsk. Forhandl. Christiania, No. 
19, 1886, 3, east coast of Greenland at 65° N., 31° W. 

Genus 695. EVOXYMETOPON Poey. Tirantes. 

Euoxymetopon Poey, in Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 
227 {E. txniatus Poey). 

2052. Evoxymetopon taeniatus Poey. Tirante; Tyrantfish. 

Cuba. 

Evoxymetopon txniatus Poey, in Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 

1863, 228, Cuba. 
Genus 696. LEPIDOPUS Gouan. Frostfishes. 

Lepidnpus Gouan, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1770, 107 and 185 (gouani). 
Vandellius Shaw, Gen. Zool., IV, 1803, 199 (needless substitute for 

Lepidopus Gouan). 
Scarcina Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 20 (.S*. argyrea Rafinesque). 
Xiphotheca Montagu, Werner. Mus., I, 1812, 82 {Lepidopus caudatus 

Euphrasen). 

2053. Lepidopus xantusi Goode and Bean. Scabbardfish. 

Avalon, Santa Catalina; Lower California north to Santa Catalina, 

Calif.; San Jose del Cabo, Cape San Lucas. 
Lepidopus xantusi Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 519, Cape 

San Lucas. 

Genus 697. BENTHODESMUS Goode and Bean. 

Benthodesmus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 380 
{B. elongatus Goode and Bean, not Lepidopus elongatxis Clarke = 
Benthodesmus atlanticus Goode and Bean) . 

205 4. Benthodesmus atlanticus Goode and Bean. 

Western edge of Grand Banks of Newfoundland in 80 fathoms. 
Benthodesmus elongatus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 

1881, 380-383; not of Clarke. 
Benthodesmus atlanticus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 205, 

Grand Banks. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 263 

Series XIPHIIFORMES 

Family 166. ISTIOPHORID^. Sailfishes; Spearfishes 

Genus 698. ISTIOPHORUS Lacepede. Sailfishes. 

Istiophorus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1803, 374 (/. gladifer 

Lacepede = <Scor/i6er gladius Broussonet). 
Noiistium Herrmann, Obs. Zool., 1804, 305 {N. gladius Herrmann). 
Zanclurus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 239 

(Histiophorus indicus Cuvier and Valenciennes = i/. gladius). 
Histiophorus of authors, revised spelling. 

2055. Istiophorus americanus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Brazil, and West Indies, north to Woods Hole. 

Histiophorus americanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
VIII, 1831, 303, Brazil; after Guebucu of Marcgrave. 

2056. Istiophorus wrighti Jordan and Evermann. 

West Indies northward to Florida. 

Istiophorus wrighti Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Paper No. 12, Calif. 
Acad. Sci., Sept. 30, 1926, 43, pi. 12, fig. 2, coast of Florida. 

2057. Istiophorus greyi Jordan and Hill. Mexican sailfish; Pacific volador. 

Pacific coast of Mexico, north to Cape San Lucas. 

Istiophorus greyi Jordan and Hill, in Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Paper 

No. 12, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., Sept. 30, 1926, 41, pi. 14, near Cape 

San Lucas, Lower California. 

2058. Istiophorus volador Jordan and Evermann. Volador; Florida sailfish. 

About Florida Keys. 

Istiophorus volador Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Paper No. 12, Calif. 

Acad. Sci., Sept. 30, 1926, 46, pi. 12, fig. 1, Long Key, Fla. 
Istiophorus maguirei Jordan and Evermann, loc. cit., 45, pi. 13, West 

Indies; apparently young of volador. 

Genus 699. MAKAIRA Lacepede. Marlinspike fishes; Spearfishes. 

Makaira Larejjede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 688 {M. nigricans Lac). 

2059. Makaira mazara (Jordan and Snyder). Black marlin; Kurokajiki 

{Black spearfish); Mazaara {real swordfish) ; Kuroka {black marlin). 
Pacific Ocean, from Japan to Hawaiian Islands and the Channel 

Islands, Calif. 
Tetrapturus mazara Jordan and Snyder, Jour. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. 

Tokyo, XV, May 20, 1901, 4, 305, Misaki, Japan. 

2060. Makaira ampla (Poey). Aguja de Casta. 

West Indies. 

Tetrapturus amplus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 243, Habana. 

2061. Makaira marlina Jordan and Evermann. Giant black marlin. 

Southern California, south to Cape San Lucas. 

Makaira marlina Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Paper No. 12, Calif. 

Acad. Sci., Sept. 30, 1926, 59, pi. 17, off Cape San Lucas, Lower 

California. 

2062. Makaira mitsukurii (Jordan and Snyder). Marlinspike fish; Barred 

marlin; Makajiki or true spearfish of Japan. 
Coasts of Japan; Hawaii; southern California; abundant off Santa 

Catalina. 
ITetrapturus indicus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII 

1831, 286, Sumatra, on a figure by Banks. 
? H istiophorus audax Philippi. 
Tetrapturus mitsukurii Jordan and Snvder, .Jour., Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ 

Tokyo, XV, pt. 2, 1901, 304, PI. XVI, fig. 5, fishwell at Misaki. 

2063. Makaira holei .Jordan and Evermann. Striped marlin. 

Off Pacific coast of Mexico, north to Cape San Lucas. 

Makaira holei Jordan and Evermann, Occ. Papers No. 12, Calif. Acad. 

Sci., Sept. 30, 1926, 63, pi. 19, fig. 1, off Cape San Lucas, Lower 

California. 



264 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Family 167. XIPHIID^. Swordfishes 

Genus 700. XIPHIAS Linnaeus. Swordfi'ihes. 

Xiphias Linniinis, Svst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 248 {X. gladius Linnaeus). 
Phsethonichthijs Nichols, Amer. Mas. Nov., XIX, I, 1923 (Phxtho- 
nichthys tiiberculntus Nichols; a young swordfish). 

2064. Xiphias gladius Linnneus. Common swordfish; Broadhill; Espada; 

Espadon empcrador. 
Open sea, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, on both coasts; Cuba to Cape 

Breton and Newfoundland Banks; Pacific ofT Santa Barbara Islands, 

Hawaii, Japan, San Diego. 
Xiphias gladius Linnseus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 248, Europe. 
Xiphias rondeletii Leach, in Wern. Mem., II, 1818, 58, pi. 2, fig. 1, 

Firth of Forth. 
Xiphias imperator Schneider, ed. Bloch, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 93, Pi. XXI, 

Mediterranean, after an erroneous figure of Duhamal. 
Phiethonichthys tubcrculatus Nichols, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Novitates, 

XIX, pi. 1, Oct. 19, 1923; very young of A', gladius L. 

Series LUVARIFORMES 

Family 168. LUVARIDiE 

Genus 701. LUVARUS Rafinesque. 

Luvarus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 22 (L. imperialis Rafinesque). 
Diana Risso, Europe Meridionale, 1826, 267 {D. semilunala Risso). 
Ausonia Risso, op. cit., 341 (^4. cuvieri Risso). 
Prodoslegus Nardo, Diaro, Chem. et Hist. Nat. Ticino, I, 1827, 18, 

42 (P. prodoslegus Nardo). 
Astrodertmis (Bonelli) Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, about 215 

{A. guttalus Bonelli MS). 
Scafaria Gistel, Thierreich, VIII, 1848 {Ausonia cuvieri Risso). 

2065. Luvarus imperialis Rafinesque. 

Open sea; once taken at San Pedro, Calif. (W. F. Thompson). 

Luvarus imperialis Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 22. 

Diana semilunala Risso, Europe M^rid., 1826, 267. 

Ansonia cuvieri Risso, loc. cit., 341. 

Prodoslegus prodoslegus Nardo, Diaro, Chem. et Hist. Nat. Ticino, I, 

1827, 18, 42. 
Astrodermus gullalus Bonelli, in Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 

215 ca. 
Scafaria Gistel, Thierreich, VIII, 1848. 

Series CORYPH^ENIFORMES 

Family 169. CORYPH^NID.ffi. Dolphins; Dorados 

Genus 702. CORYPH.^NA Linnjeus. Dorados. 

Coryphxna Liniianis, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 261 (C. hippurus L.). 
Lampugus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 317 
{Scomber pclagicus L.; female). 

2066. Coryphaena hippurus Linnajus. Common dolphin; Dorado; Dourade. 

Pelagic to Cape Cod and northward. South Carolina to Texas; also 
throughout the mid-Pacific. 

Coryphaena hippurus Linna;us, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 261, open seas. 

Scomber pelagicus Linnaeus, loc. cit., 299, no locality. 

Coryphxna fasciolala Pallas, Spicil. Zool., VIII, 1770, 2.3, AmVwina. 

Coryphsena imperialis Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, .33, Sicily. 

Coryphsena immaculata Agassiz in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 111, pi. 56, 
Atlantic, oflf Brazil. 

Coryphxna marcgravii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 
1833, 223 (301), America. 

Coryphcena suerii Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 224 (302), Phil- 
adelphia. 

Coryphxna dorado Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 225 (303), Brazil. 

Coryphaena dolfyn Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 226 (305), Antilles. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 265 

Coryphsena virgata Cir ier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 228 (308), Mar- 
tinique. 

Coryphxna argyrurus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 232 (314), Sea 
of Coromandel. 

Coryphsena vlamingii Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 233 (315), seas 
of India. 

Lampugus siculus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 240 (323), Sicily. 

Coryphsena scomberoides Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 234 (315), 
South Sea. 

Edenias hrunneus Jordan and Thompson, Mem. Carnegie Mus., VI, 
1914, 241, .Japan; young. 

2067. Coryphsena equisetis Linnaeus. Small dolphin. 

Open Atlantic and Pacific; rare in the West Indies. Recently taken in 

some numbers off coast of southern California. 
Coryphsena equisetis Linnteus, Syst. Xat., Ed. X, 1758, 261 (misprinted 

equiselis), high seas; after Osbeck. 
Coryphsena aurata Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 33, Sicily. 
Coryphsena lessonii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 

1833, 228 (307), India. 
Lampugus punctulatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 242 (429), 

Atlantic at the Pxpiator. 
Lampugus ncapolitanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 241 (325), 

Naples; after Bloch. 
Coryphsena azorica Cuvier and Valcncienne.':, loc. cit., 227 (306), Azores. 

Series BRAMIFORMES 

Family 170. BRAMIDiE. Sea breams 

Genus 703. BEAMA Bloch and Schneider. Pom/ret. 

Bruma Hloch and Schneider, Ed. Bloch, Sy.st. Ichth., 1801, 98 (Sparus 

rait Hiooh). 
Lepodus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 54 (L. saragus Rafinesque = 

Sparus raii Bloch). 

2068. Brama rail (Bloch). Sea bream; Pnmfrct; Catagnole; Rondanin. 

(Jpf-n seas; Europe; Faroe Islands; Bermuda; Grand Banks; Pacific 

coast from Santa Catalina to Puget Sound; Japan; reported recently 

from Cape Flattery. 
Brama m'lrirta cauda forcipata Ray, Syn. Meth. Piscium, 1713, 115, 

Middelhurg. 
Sparris raii Bloch, Naturgesch. Au.=l. Fische, V, 1791, 95; after Ray, etc. 
Sparus castaneola Shaw, Gen. Zool., IV, 1803, 424; after LAcdpfede. 
Sparus niger Turton, British P'auna, 1807, 98, Swansea. 
Lepodus saragus Rafinesf|ue, Caratteri, etc., 1810. 54, Palermo. 
Brama dussumieri Cuvier and N'alenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 

1831, 219 (294), Indian Sea, long. 85° E. 
1 Brama orcini Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 220 (295), Indian 

Sea, long. 85° E. 
''Brama rhdcnsis Gay, Hist. Chile, Feces, 1843, 218, Chile. 

2069. Brama agassizii Poey. 

Cuba; rare. 

Brama agassizii Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 204, Cuba. 

2070. Brama brevoorti Poey. 

Cuba; rare. 

Brama brevoorti Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 206, Cuba. 

Genus 704. TARACTE3 Lowe. 

Tarar.tf.-< Lowo, Prof. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1843, 82 (T. asper Lowe; probably 

young of Taracl':^ longipinnis) . 
Argo Dodorlein, Fische Japans. II, Denkschr. Acad. Wiss. Wien, 
XLVlII, 1883, 31 (Argo steindachneri Doderlein); name preoccupied. 

2071. Taractes saussurii (Lunel). 

flabaria. 

Brama ttaw^surii Lunel, R^vue du Genre Brama, in M6m. Soc. Phys. 
Hi.st. Nat. Geneve, XVIII, 1865, 185, tab. 2, Cuba. 



266 IT. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Family 171. STEINEGERIID^ 

Genus 705. STEINEGERIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Steinegeria Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Miis., IX, 1886, 
467 (S. rubescens Jordan and Evermann). 

2072. Steinegeria rubescens Jordan and Evermann. 

Gulf of Mexico in deep water; one specimen known. 
Steinegeria rubescens Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
IX, 1886, 467, snapper banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

Family 172. PTERACLIDiE 

Genus 706. PTERACLIS Gronow. 

Fteraclis Gronow, Acta Helvetica, VII, 1772, 43 {Coryphsena velifera 

Pallas). 
Pteridium Scopoli, Introd. Hist. Nat., 1777, 454 {Coryphxna velifera 

Pallas). 
Oligopodus Laccpede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 511 {Coryphasna velifera 

Pallas). 
Pteraclidus Rafinesque, Analyse de la Nat., 1815, 82, substitute for 

Oligopodus Lacepede. 
Oligopodes Risso, in Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, 1817, 328 (I'Oligopode 

noir Risso). 
Oligopus Risso, Europe Morid., 1S2G, 105, substitute for Oligopodus. 

2073. Pteraclis carolinus Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Coast of South Carolina. 

Pteraclis carolinus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 

1833, 272 (368), off coast South Carolina. 
1 Pteraclis trichipterus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 272 (367), 

locality imknown. 

Genus 707. CENTROPHOLIS Hilgendorf. 

Centropholis Hilgendorf, Sitzber. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin, 1878, 135 
(C. petersi Hilgendorf). 

2074. Centropholis goodei Jordan. 

Gulf Stream. 

Pteraclis carolinus Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 212, PI. LIX, fig. 

218, Gulf Stream; not of Linnaeus. 
Centropholis goodei Jordan, Ann. Carnegie Mus., IX, 1915, 333, Gulf 

Stream. 

Series STROMATEIFORMES 

Family 173. STROMATEID.^. Fiatolas 

Genus 708. PEPRILUS Cuvier. 

Rhombus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 321 (Chaetodon alepidotus 

Linnaeus); preoccupied in moUusks. 
Peprilus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 213 {Stromateus longi- 

pinnis Mitchill = »S'iromaieus paru Linnajus). 

2075. Peprilus paru (Linnaeus). Harvestfish; Poppyjish; Rudderfish. 

South Atlantic coast of United States; West Indies; Cape Cod to 

Jamaica and Brazil. 
Stromateus paru Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 248, Jamaica; 

based on Sloane. 
Chastodon alepidotus Linna;us, op. cit., Ed. XII, 1766, 460, Charleston, 

S. C. 
ISternoptyx gardenii Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 494, 

Carolinas; after Linnaeus. 
Stromateus longipinnis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

366, New York Bay. 

Genus 709. PALOMETA Jordan and Evermann. 

Palnmeta Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
966 {Stromateus palotneta Jordan and BoUman). 

2076. Palometa simillima (Avres). California pampano. 

Pacific coast of United States, Paget Sound to San Diego. 
Pornrwtva simillijnus Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., 1st ser., II, 
1860, 84, San Francisco. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 267 

2077. Palometa media (Peters). Palometa. 

Pacific coast of North America, Mazatlan to Panama. 

Stromateiis medius Peters, Berl. IMonatsb., 1869, 707, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2078. Paloraeta palometa (Jordan and BoUman). 

Pacific Ocean, off Colombia. 

Stro7nateus palometa Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

1889, 156, off coast of Colombia, lat. 8° 16' 30" N., long. 79° 37' 

45" W., at Albatross station 2804. 

2079. Palometa snyderi (Gilbert and Starks). 

Panama. 

Peprilus snyderi Gilbert and Starks* Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 1904, 
87, Panama. 

Genus 710. PORONOTUS Gill. 

Poronotus Gill, Cat. Fish. E. Coast N. Amer., Sup. to Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 35 {Strorriateus triacanthus Peck). 

2080. Poronotus triacanthus (Peck). Dollarfish; Harvcstfish; Butterfish; 

Lafayette. 
Nova Scotia to Florida; common. 
Stromateus triacanthus Peck, Mem. Amer. Acad., II, 1800, pt. 2, 48, 

pi. 2, fig. 2, Piscataqua River, N. H. 
Stromateus cryptosiis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 365, 

New York Bay. 

Genus 711. EUCROTUS Bean (B. A.). 

Eucrotus Bean, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXV, 1912, 123 {E. ventralis 
Bean). 

2081. Eucrotus ventralis Bean. 

Bermudas. 

Eucrotus ventralis Bean, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXV, 1912, 125, 
Bermudas. 

Family 174. CENTROLOPHID^. Rudderfishes 

Genus 712. CENTROLOPHUS lacepede. Black ruffs. 

Centrolophus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 441 (Perca nigra 

Gme\in = C or yphaena pompilus L.). 
Acentrolophus Nardo, Prodromus. Adriat. Ichth. Giorn. Fisica di Pavia, 

sp. 62, 1827, {A. maculatus Nardo = CeniroZop/ius niger Lacdpede, 

the name Centrolophus deemed inappropriate). 
Gymnocephalus Cocco, Nuov. Ann. Sci. Nat., II, 1838, 26 (G. 7nessine?isis 

Cocco) ; name preoccupied. 
Pompilus Lowe, Suppl. Fish Madeira, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, VII, 

1839, 81 {Coryphsena pompilus L.). 

2082. Centrolophus niger (Gmelin). Blackfish; Black ruffe; Borlase. 

Coasts of southern Europe; once taken at Dennis, Mass. 
Perca nigra Gmelin, Syst. Nat., 1788, 1321, Cornwall. 
Centrolophus liparis Ilisso, Eur. Morid., Ill, 1826, 337, Nice, Italy. 
Centrolophus morio Lac6p6de in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 

Poiss., IX, 1833, 254 (342), Mediterranean. 
Centrolophus pompilius Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 247 (334), 

pi. 269; not of Linnaeus. 
Acentrolophus maculosus Nardo, Prodr. Ichth. Adriat., No. 62, Isis, 

1827, Adriatic. 
Gymnocephalus messinensis Cocco, Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat., II, 1838, 26, 

Messina. 

Genus 713. PALINURICHTHYS Bleeker. Black rudderfishes. 

Palinurus DcKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842 {Coryphsena perciformia 

Mitchill); name preoccupied in Crustacea. 
Palinurichthys Bleeker, Enum. Spec. Pise. Arch. Ind., in Acta Soc. S. 

Indo-Neerl., VII, November, 1859, 22 {Coryphxna pcrciformis, 

Mitchill). 
Palinurichthys Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, January, 1860, 

20 (Coryphsena per cif or mis Mitchill). 
Pammelas Giinther, Cat., II, June, 1860, 485 {Coryphsena perciformia 

Mitchill). 



268 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2083. Palinurichthys perciforniis (Mitcliill). Ruddcrfish; Log fish; Snipnose 

mullet; Black rudderfish 
Atlantic coast of North America from Cape Hatteras to Maine; once 

taken in Cornwall. 
Coryphsena percijormis Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 244, 

New York Harbor. 
Pimelepterus cornubiensis Cornish Zoologist, IX, 1874, 4255, Penzance, 

Cornwall (a stray specimen floated across in a fish box). 

Genus 714. SCHEDOPHILUS Cocco. 
Schedophilus Cocco, Giorn. Innom. Messina, Ann., Ill, 1834, No. 7, 57, 

(5. medusophagus Cocco^. 
Crius Valenciennes, Ichth. lies Canaries, II, 1844, 43 {Crius bertheloii 
Yalenciennes^Schedophilus medusophagus Cocco). 

2084. Schedophilus heathi Gilbert. 

Monterey Bay. 

Schedophilus heathii Gilbert, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 3, Zoo!., Ill, 
1904, 260, PI. XXVI, Pacific Grove, Calif. 

Genus 715. ICICHTHYS Jordan and Gilbert. 

Icichthys Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 305 
(/. lockingtoni Jordan and Gilbert). 

2085. Icichthys lockingtoni Jordan and Gilbert. 

Off California, in deep water; a surface swimmer, hovering under 
jelly-fishes; known from off Monterey and San Francisco. 

Icichthys lockingtoni Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 
1880, 305, off San Francisco. 

Family 175. NOMEID.ffi. Man-of-war fishes 

Genus 716. NOMEUS Cuvier. 

Notneus Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 1, II, 1817, 315 {Gobius gronovii 
Gmelin). 

2086. Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin). Portuguese man-of-war fish; Harder; 

Pastor. 
Tropical parts of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans; Sargasso Sea; 

Florida; Bermuda; Woods Hole, Mass.; rocky pools at Panama. 
Gobius gronovii Gmelin, Syst. Nat., Ed. XIII, 1788, 1205, tropical 

America; after Gronow. 
Eleotris mauritii Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 66, Brazil. 
Nomeus maculosus Bennett, Proc. Comm. Zool. Soc, I, 1831, 146, 

East Indies. 
Nomeus oxyurus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 236, Habana. 

Genus 717. PSENES Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Psenes Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 193 (259), 
(P. cyanophrys Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2087. Psenes cyanophrys Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Open sea; Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans; Jamaica and Mar- 
tinique. 

Psenes cyanophrys Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 
1833, 193 260, pi. 265, New Ireland. 

Psenes javanicus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 196 (264), Batavia. 

Psenes auratus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 197 (264), Gulf of 
Bengal. 

Psenes fusctis Guichenot, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg, XII, 1866, 
138, Madagascar. 

Cubiceps muliiradiatus Giinther, Proc. Zobl. Soc. Lond., 1871, 661, 
])1. 61, Manado. 

2088. Psenes maculatus Liitken. 

Open Atlantic. 

Psenes maculatus Liitken, Spolia Atlantica, 1880, 110, open Atlantic, 

lat. 39° N., long. 25° S. and between 34° and 27° W. in 600 to 700 

fathoms. 

2089. Psenes regulus Poey. 

Coasts of Cuba. 

Psenes regulus Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 375, Cuba. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 269 

2090. Psenes pellucidus Llitken. 

Gulf Stream at 32° 24' N., 76° 55' W., in 528 fathoms. 
Psenes pellucidlis Lutkeu, Spolia Atlantica, 1880, 516 (108), with fig., 
Strait of Surabaja. 

2091. Psenes edwardsii Eigenmann. 

Off Rhode Island. 

Psenes edwardsii Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXI, 1901 (1902), 
35, fig.; taken from under a medusa, 30 miles south of Newport, R. I. 

2092. Psenes chapnaani Fowler. 

Open Atlantic, Cape Verde Islands, northwest of the Lesser Antilles. 
Psenes chapmani Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVIII, 1906, 
120; open Atlantic, lat. 24° 21' N., long. 34° 32' W. 

2093. Psenes paciflcus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Psenes pacificus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 1925, 409, Chame Point, Panama. 

Family 176. TETRAGONURID^. Squaretails 

Genus 718. TETRAGONURUS Risso. 

Tetragonurus Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 247 {T. cuvieri Risso). 
Ctenodax Macleay, Proc. Linn. See. New South Wales, 1885, 716 (C. 
williamsnni Macleay). 

2094. Tetragonurus cuvieri Risso. Squaretail; Escolar de natiira; Courpata; 

t'Sea racen. 
Open seas; Nice; Toulon and Marseilles; Madeira; once taken off Santa 

Catalina Island, Calif. (W. F. Thompson), and once at Woods Hole, 

Mass.; these possibly different species. 
Tetragonurus cuvieri Ris.so, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 347, Nice. 
Tetragonurus atlanlicus Lowe, Irishes Aladeira, pt. 5, 1860 (1843), 129, 

PI. XIX, Madeira. 

Family 177. ICOSTEID^. Ragfishes 

Genus 719. ICOSTEUS Lockington. 

Icosteus Lockington, Prcjc. L'. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 63 (/. senigmaticus 

Lockington). 
Schedophilopsis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., XI, 1881, 4 {S. spinosus 
Stcin(\av\\ncr = I cnslcus arnigmaticus Lockington). 

2095. Icosteus aenigmaticus Lockington. Ragfish. 

Open sea off the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington; scarce. 
Icosteus senigmaticus Lockington, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 63, 

off San Franci.sco. 
Schedophilopsis spinosus Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., XI, 1881, 4, with 

figure, off San Francisco. 

Family 178. ACR0TID.ffi 

Genus 720. ACROTUS Bean. 

Acrotus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 631 (A. willoughhyi 
Beanj. 

2096. Acrotus willoughhyi Bean. 

Off coast of Wasiiingt(ni, Whitby Island, Puget Sound, south to San 
Pedro, Cahf. ( W. F. Thompson), in rather deep water. 

Acrotus willoughhyi Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 631, Quinault 
Agency, Wash. 

Family 179. CARANGIDiE. Cavallas; Pampanos 

The Carangidx, as heretofore understood, may be naturally divided 
into two families, the Seriolidx {Seriola, Elagates, Naucrates, etc.) 
differing strongly in lacking the bony arch behind the abdominal 
cavity, this being made up of enlarged and anchyloscd hannals, its 
character sonuiwliat different in different genera but developed in 
ail Carangidx in the narrow sense. 

6424°— 29 18 



270 tr. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 721. DECAPTERUS Bleeker. Mackerel scads. 

Decapterus Bleeker, Naturk. Tijdsch., VIII, 1855, 417 (Caranx hurra 
Bleeker) . 

Eustomatodus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 261 {Decap- 
terus kurroides Bleeker). 

Gymneipignathus Gill, loc. cit., 261 (Decapterus macrosoma Bleeker). 

Ei'epigT/mnus Gill, loc. cit., 261 {Decapterus hypodus Gill). 

2097. Decapterus punctatus (Agassiz). Scad; Round robin; Cigarfish; 

Quiaquia; Dotted scad. 
Cape Cod to Brazil, coasts of riorida and the West Indies. 
Caranx punctatus Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 108, pi. 56a, fig. 2, 

Brazil. 
Caranx aureus Risso, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

IX, 1833, 25 (33), Mediterranean. 

2098. Decapterus sanctae-helenae (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Tropical Atlantic; Cuba. 

Caranx santse-helense Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 
1833, 28 (37), St. Helena. 

2099. Decapterus hypodus Gill. 

Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

Decapterus hypodus Gill. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 262, 
Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

2100. Decapterus macarellus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Mackerel scad; 

Antonino; Cigarfish. 
West Indies, northward to Cape Cod. 
Caranx macarellus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 

1833, 30 (40), Martinique. 

Genus 722. TRACHURUS Rafinesque. Saurels. 

Trachurus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 41 {Scomber trachurus Linnajus). 

2101. Trachurus symmetricus (Ayres). Horse mackerel. 

Coast of California. 

Caranx symmetricus Ayres, Proc. Cahf. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1855, 62, 
Bay of San Francisoo. 

2102. Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus). Saurel: Gascon. 

North Atlantic, chieflj^ on the northern coast of Europe, south to Spain 
and Naples; Newport, R. I.; Pensacola. 

Scomber trachurus Linna3us, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 298, Mediterra- 
nean. 

ICaranxomorus plumieiranus Lacep&de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 64, pi. 11, 
scarcely identifiable, from a figure by Plunder, supposed to have 
been made in Martinicjue. 

Caranx semispinosus Nilsson, Prodr. Ichthyol. Scand., 1832, 84, Scan- 
dinavia; the northern form usually called trachurus, the valid name 
for the European form. 

Trachurus europseus Gronow, Cat., Ed. Gray, 1854, 125, seas of Europe. 

Trachurus linnxi Malm, Bohuslans Fauna, 421, Bohuslan, Sweden. 

2103. Trachurus japonicus (Schlegel). 

Coast of Japan, east of Lower California, the Mexican specimens few 
and not surely identified; may be T. nova-zealandica Richardson. 

Caranx trachurus japonicus Schlegel, Faun. Japon., Poiss., 1850, 109, 
pi. 59, fig. 1, Japan. 

2104. Trachurus lathami Nichols. 

Coast of Long Island (a stray from the Gulf Stream). 
Trachurus lathami Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hiet., XLII, 1920, 
479, Long Island. 

Genus 723. TRACHUROPS « Gill. 

Trachurops Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 238, 261, 431 
{Scomber crumenophthalmus Bloch). 

« The genus Selar Bleeker was based on four species, the first named being Caranx hasselti, which is a 
species of the modern t'enus Atule Jordan and Jordan. It was first restricted to Scomber boops Bleeker, a 
species of Trachurops; but this restriction can not stand as boops was not mentioned by Bleeker in connec- 
tion with Selar: Caranx liasseUi=affinis of the south Pacific must therefore be the type of Selar. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 271 

2105. Trachurops crumenophthalma (Bloch). Goggler; Big-eyed scad; 

Goggle^eye jack; Chicharro; Horse-eyed jack. 
Atlantic coast of the United States, Central America, South America, 

and Africa; West Indies; probably not in the Pacific. 
Scomber crumenophthalmus Bloch, Naturgeschich. Ausl. Fische, VII, 

1793, 77, Acara in Guinea. 
Scomber plumieri Bloch, loc. cit., 79, Antilles. 
Scomber balantiophthalmus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 29, 

Guinea. 
Caranx macrophthalmus Agassiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 107, Brazil. 

2106. Trachurops brachychira Gill. Akide; Atule. 

Pacific Ocean, north to Panama, and the Gulf of California and Hawaii. 
Trachurops brachychirus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 
261, Cape San Lucas. 

Genus 724. HEMICARANX Bleaker. 

Alepes Swainson, Classn. Anim., II, 1839, 248 (Alepes melanoptera 

Swainson); identification uncertain. 
Hemicaranx Bleeker, Vesl. Kon. Ak. Wet., XIV, 1862, 135 {H. mar- 

ginatus Bleeker). 
Carangops Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 238 {Caranx 

heteropygus Poey). 

2107. Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Cape Hatteras to Brazil; West Indies; Carolina and Florida. 

Caranx amblyrhynchus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 

1833, 76 (100), pi. 248, Brazil. 
Caranx heteropygus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 344, Cuba. 

2108. Hemicaranx falcatus (Holbrook). 

Charleston, S. C. 

Caranx falcatus Holbrook, Ichth. South Carolina, 1855, 92, pi. 13, fig. 2, 
Charleston, S. C. 

2109. Hemicaranx atrimanus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama. 

Caranx atrimanus Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 1881, 
308, Panama. 

2110. Hemicaranx furthii (Steindachner). 

Panama. 

Caranx fiirthii Steindachner, Ichth. Bcitr., IV, 1875, 12, Panama. 

2111. Hemicaranx leucurus (Gunther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama. 

Caranx leucurus Gimther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 24, Panama. 

2112. Hemicaranx zelotes Gilbert. 

Panama. 

Hemicaranx zelotes Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2845, Panama. 

2113. Hemicaranx rhomboides Meek anrl Hildebrand. 

Atlantic coast of Isthmus of Panama. 

Hemicaranx rhomboides Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Zool., XV, 1925, 345, Fox Bay, Colon, Panama. 

Genus 725 ELAPHOTOXON " Fowler. 

Elaphotoxon Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVII, 1905, 76 

{Scomber ruber Bloch). 

2114. Elaphotoxon ruber (Bloch). Cibi mancho; Carbonero; Cibi; Green jack. 

West Indies and coast of the Carolinas. 

Scomber ruber Bloch, Naturgeschich. Ausl. Fische, VII, 1793, 75, St. 

Croix. 
Caranx blochii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 

52 (69), St. Croix. 
Caranx iridinus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 226, Cuba. 

" This genus is near Caranz, the body rather elongate, the teeth in few series, without canines: the arch 
of the lateral line rnodcrato, more than half the straight part; the dorsal and anal fins anteriorly but littla 
elevated, maxillary not narrowed. 



272 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2116. EIa])hotoxon bartholomaei ((yiivicr .'iinl Vjilciicitinnns). Yellow jack; 

( 'ilii (inuirithi. 
VVomI. IndioH, iiortliward to I'Morida and Noitli ('iiroliiia; Cuba. 
Carnnx hdilhoUimn'i (!uvicr and ValcMiciciiinoH, IUhI. Nat. Poiss., IX, 

\KV.\, 75 (100), St. HaiMidldimnv. 
Caranx cihi I'oov, McriKirias, II, 1S()1, '22t, (!iil)a. 
Carnnx hrnni. .Llnlaii, i'nx-. U. S. Nat. Miis., HI, ISSO, 480, Beaufort, 

N. C. 

Genus 726. PARATRACTUS Gill. 

I'arntntrtiis (iill, I'loc. Acad. Nat. Sci. I'liila., XIV, 1S()2, 432 {Caranx 
j)l.s<jii<t.iis ('ii\icr and VaUMiciomu^s Scomber cryaos Mitehill). 

2116. Paratractus crysos (Mitchiil). Ilardtiiil; Runner; lilitc runner; Jurel; 

Vrlloio nuirkcrrl; CreinitU'i Cojinera. 
V.n\n\ (!()(i to lira/il. 
Scomher cryaoa Mitchiil, TraiiH. Lit. IMiil. Soc. N. Y., T, IRlf), 424, New 

York. 
'I'r<u-liiirus Nqiinmiiniis (iroiiovv, ('at. {''isluiH, od. (Iray, 1854, 125, Carolina. 
Cantnx iii.n<iiirl.i/!< ('iivicr and Val(MicioiiiicH, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, IHXi, 

T.i, Santo Doiniiij^o; ('idia; Brazil. 

2117. Paratractus caballus ((liintlicr). Cocinero; Cofimro donulo; Jurel. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, San l)ie^;o to i'aiiaina,, recently taken 

at San i'cdro. 
Caranx aihdUiiH (iiintiier, Tran.s. Zool. Soc. Lond., VI, 18()8, 431 (Nov. 

27), Panama. 
TrarhnriiH boopn (lirard, Pac. !{,. M. Siirv., ,\, pt. 4, Kishca, 1858, 108, 

San nic^K"! ""t ('aranx hoops of ('iivier and VakmciiMiims. 
C-'a/v//(.r f/Z/'a/v//: Stcundaclmcr, Iclitliyol. Notizen, IX, 18()9, 25, Mazatlan. 

Genus 727. XUREL Jordan and Evermann. 

Xiini Jordnii and I'AMM'mann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 4tli scr., XVI, 
Apr. 27, 1027, 505 {('aranx vinc.tiis Jordan and (lilbcrt). 

2118. Xurel vincta (.Ionian and (iilherl). Cocinera. 

Pacific coast of Mcixic.o, Ma/.atlan to Piinla Arenas; (lulf of California 

to Panama. 
Caranx ri.nrliis .lordiin and (iiilx-rt, Proc. II. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 

'M\), Ma/.allan, Mc^xico. 

2110. Xurel fasciatus (Cnvier and Valenciennes). Scf/unilo; Volantin. 
Cnha; At lantic (loast of Mcrxico. 
V Caranx JiiHciaUtu (.nvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 

18:i:{, 5:{ (70), east coast of Mexico. 
Caranx secundum Poey, Memorias, II, 1801, 223, Cuba. 

2120. Xurel lata (.Auiassi/,). Jurel; Xiirel; Horse-eye jack. 

Tropical .Atlantic, north to Virginia; probably not in the Pacific, where 
it is rejjreseiitcd by the near related Caranx melani pyijaH. 

Caranx latiis ,\nassi/,, in Spix, Pise. Bras., 182'.), 105, Brazil. 

Caranx Irplaras .\^;a«si/,, loc. cit., lOli, Brazil. 

Caranx faUax CJiivier and Val(Miciennes, Hist. Na,t. Poiss., IX, 1833, 71 
(!»5), Antilh^s; Brazil. 

Caranx richanli llolbrook, Iclithyol. South ('arolina, 1855, 94, pi. 13, 
fin. 1 , South (Jarolina. 

Caranfjus aureus Po(\\', l']niiiner;it io, 1S75, 7(), Cuba. 

2121. Xurel niedusicola (.Jordan and Starks). 

Pacific coast of Mc^xico, south to Panama,. 

('aranx nietlusirola Jordan and Starks, in .lord.aii, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., V, 1805, 430, pi. 34, .Maz;itlan. 

2122. Xurel luarji^inatus ((Iill). 

Pacifi(M )c(^an ; Mazatlan, I'anama, and ll;i\vaii. 

Caranx martiinalns (iill, Proc. Ac-ad. N:it. Sci. Phila.., XV, 1S()3, 1()0, 
Panama. 

2123. Xurel nielaini)yfjus (('uvierand Valenciennes). Ulua. 

Tropical Pacific, east to off-shore islands of Mexico; Hawaii. A very 

important food fish. 
Caranx nielanipyaiis ('uvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nut. Poiss., IX, 

1833, 103, East Indies. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 273 

2124. Xurel stellatus (Kydoiix and Soulcyci). Oinilti. 

Pacific Ocean gonerally; llavvnii; RcvillaniKocJo Islands; with tho 
"Uhia" one of tlu> staj)lo food lislies of tlic l*jicifi(' islands. 

Caranx punclntus Ciivicr and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 
38; name proocciipiod. 

Caranx stcllaliiti lOvdoux and Souleyot, Voy. fionite, Zool., I, Poiss., 
1840, 107, Hawaiian Lslands. 

2125. Xurel lupuhris (Pocy). I'lTiDna. 

'rri)|)icjil Atlantic; West Indies. 

Caraiix luyiiliris Poey, Memorias, II, ISOl, 222, (^uha. 

Caranx frontalis Poey, loc. cit.. 222, Cuba. 

2126. Xurel tenebrosus .Jordan and l-lvcrniann. 

South seas; Rcviiiaj^i^icdos; Hawaii. 

Caranx htfiitlnis .Ionian and lOvcrniann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 

1806, 024, in part ; not of Poev, based on exani|)les so listed bv .Jordan 

and McGregor, Report T. S. Fish Coin., X.XIV, 18'.)'.), 227, from 

Clarion Island of the Reviiiaj^i^edos Croup. 
Caranx lenchrosiis .Ionian and lOverinann, Pnx-. ('alif. Acad. Sci., 4tli 

Ser., XVI, Nov. 14, l'.)27, <».')(), Clarion Island. 

Genus 728, CARANX Lacepede. 

Caranx La(;6pt''dc, Hi.st. Nat, Poiss,, III, 1802, .')7 {Smvihcr carangus 

]i\uvh = Scoml)er hippoH L., as now usually restricted). Species with 

the breast nakerj except for a central patch of scales. 
Tricra liter It X Ra(ines(pi(', ('aratteri, 1810, 41 {Scomber carangun Hloch - 

Seoinlier hipiKLf Lituia'us), as restriclcfl. 
Caramjirhtln/s Uieeker, .Nat. Tijdschr, Neder, Indie, III, 1852, 700 (C. 

typuH HlceUerj; inunature; lish with breast naked; strong teeth 

present. 

2127. Caranx hippos (Linna'us). CrevalU; 'I'oro; Ilornc crcvalU; C avail a; Jack; 

.1 i<lii(ii)ii(i : )'(ll(iir caranx; Yelloir mackerel. 

East coast of tro|)ical America, north to Cape Cod; apparently repre- 
sented in the Pacific by the closely related Caranx I'dnnhiliit. 

Scomlier hippos Linna-us, Svst. Nat,, Kd, XII, 1766, 4!)4, C'liarleston, 
S. C. 

Scomber carangus IJIoch, Naturgcschich. Ausl. Fische, VII, 171)3, 69, 
Antilles. 

Caranx erithrurus Lacc'-p^rle, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 68, South 
Carolina, 

Cararu ddiihcntonii Lac<'-p«^de, loc, cit,, 72, Martini(|iic. 

Cararu antillarum Bennett, WhaliriK Voyage, II, 1840, 282, West Indies. 

Caranx defensor DeKay, N. V, I'auna: Fishes, 1842, 120, New V'ork. 

Carangus eacitlentiis (iirard, I', S. Mcx. BourKl. Surv,, 18.'j(), 23, pi. XI, 
figs. 13, Hrazos Santiago, Tex. 

2128. Caranx igrnobilis ForskAl, 

Tropical Pacific, east to offshore islanrls of Mexico; Hawaii. 
Scomber ignohilis Forskill, Uescr, Anini,, 177.'), Hcil Sea, 
Carangus hippoitle.s .Jenkins, Mull. U. S. Fish ('oin., XXII, 1902, 443, 
fig, l.*), Honolulu, 

Genus 729. GNATHANODON Bleeker, 

(inathaiio'lon HIcckcf, NCrli. IJatav. (Icnoots('h., X.XIV, Makreele, 
art, .'), lHr)\ (1H.^)2), |)i), (>, 18, 30, 72, etc. (Scomber speciosus Forskftl). 
Ihjpocaranx Klunzinger, Fischc! Rotheti Meeres, 1884, 92 {Scomber 
speeiosus I'"<M'skiil) . 

2129. OnatJianodon speeiosus (I'orskftI), Mojorra iloratla. 

'I"ro[>i(al parts of the Pacific Ocean; East Indies; Mazatlan to Panama; 

Hawaii. 
Scomlie.r speeiosus Forskftl, Oescr. Anini,, 1775, 64, Red Sea. 
Scomber rim Forskiil, loc, cit,., 51, Djidda. 
Caranx panaviensis Ciil, I'roc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 166, 

Panama. 

Genus 730. CITULA Cuvier, 

Citula Cuvier, Ri^gnc Anim,, cd. 1, 1817, 315 {Sciuna armata Forsk&I). 



274 U. S. BTTREATJ OF FISHERIES 

2130. Citula orthogramma (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Revillagigedo Islands; Pacific Islands. 

Caranx orthogrammus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 226, Sulphur Baj', Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Archipelago. 

2131. Citula dorsalis (Gill). Pampano. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Mazatlan; Panama. 

Carangoides dorsalis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 166, 

Panama. 
Caranx otrynter Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 1883, 202; 

new name substituted for dorsalis preoccupied in Caranx, but not in 

Citula. 

Gonus 731. ALECTIS ^^ Rafinesque. Cobbler fishes; Cockfishes. 

Gallus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803 (Zeus gallus L.); preoccupied 

in birds. 
Alectis Rafinesque, Anal. Nature, 1815, {Zeus gallus L.); substitute for 

Gallus, preoccupied. 
Blepharis Cuvier, Regne Animal, 1817, 322 (Ze^is ciliaris Bloch). 
Gallichthys Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 264 

(Zeus gallus L.); substitute for Gallus, preoccupied. 
Bleparichthys Gill, Cat. Fish. East Coast U. S., suppl. to Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 36; substitute for Blepharis. 

2132. Alectis crinitus (Mitchill). Threadfish; Cobbler fish; Sunfish; Shoemaker. 

West Indies north to Cape Cod, Florida Keys and Cuba. 

Zeus crinitus Mitchill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XI, 1826, 144, Shoreham, 

Mass. 
Blepharis sutor Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 

120 (161), pi. 253, Caribbean Sea. 
Blepharis major Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 121 (163), West 

Indies; Martinique; not Gallichthys major, an East Indian species. 
Carangoides blepharis Bleeker, Verhand. Batav. Genootsch., XXIV, 

1852, Makr. 667, East Indies. 
Carangoides gallichthys Bleeker, loc. cit., 668, East Indies. 

Genus 732. SCYRIS Cuvier. 
Scyris Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 209 {S. indica Cuvier and 
Valenciennes). 

2133. Scyris analis Poey. 

Cuba. 

Scyris analis Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 369, Cuba. 

Genus 733. HYNNIS Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Hynnis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 145 (195), 
pi. 257 {H. goreensis Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2134. Hynnis cubensis Poey. 

Cuba. 

Hynnis cubensis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 235, Habana. 

2135. Hynnis hopkinsi Jordan and Starks. Pdmpano. 

Puerto Viejo, near Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Hynnis hopkinsi Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
V, 1895, 435, pi. 35, Mazatlan. 

Genus 734. VOMER Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Vomer Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 141 (189), 
pi. 256 (F. brownii Cuvier and Valenciennes = Zeus setapinnis Mit- 
chill). 

Platysomus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 250 
{Vomer browni Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

•« The genera and species allied to Alectis have been much mixed from the first. While other possibili- 
ties exist, and may be defended, it seems best to adhere to current nomenclature, which, in fact, accords 
best with the Code. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 275 

2136. Vomer setapinnis (Mitchill). Jorohado; Moonfish; Horsefish; Blunt- 

nosed shiner; Sunfish; Pug-nosed shiner. 

Atlantic coast of America; from Maine to Florida. 

Zeus setapinnis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., 1815, 384, New- 
York. 

Vomer broicnii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 
1,41 (189), pi. 256, New York. 

Argyreiosus unimaculatus Batchelder, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 
1845, 78, Maine. 

Vomer curtus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXII, 1870, 119, 
Rhode Island. 

2137. Vomer setapinnis cubensis Nichols. 

Coast of Cuba. 

Vomer setapinnis cubensis Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXVIIl, 1918, 672, Cuba. 

2138. Vomer dorsalis Gill. 

West coast of Africa, recorded from the West Indies. 

Vomer dorsalis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 436; after 

Giinther. 
Argyreiosus setipinnis var. B. Giinther, Cat., II, 1860, 459, St. Vincent; 

Cape Verde Islands; West Indies. 
Vomer senegalensis Guichenot, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine et Loire, 1865, 35, 

Senegal. 
Vomer goreensis Guichenot, loc. cit., 37, Gorea. 

2139. Vomer spixii (Svvainson). 

West Indies south to Brazil. 

Platysomus spixii Swainson, Class. Fishes, etc., II, 1839, 250 and 406, 

Brazil; after Spix and Agassiz, pi. 37. 
Platysomus tnicropteryx Swainson, loc. cit., 406, Pernambuco. 
Vomer sanctx-marthse, columhianus, martinicensis, dominicensis, novae' 

boracensis, sanctx-petri, brasiliensis, cayennensis, and cubx Guichenot, 

Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine et Loire, 38 to 44, 1865, localities indicated 

by names. 

2140. Vomer declivifrons Meek and Hildebrand. 

Cape San Lucas to Peru. 

Vomer declivifrons Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., 
XV, 1925, 367, PI. XXIX, fig. 2, Panama. 

2141. Vomer gabonensis Guichenot. 

West Indies anri west coast of Africa. 

Vomer gabonensis Guichenot, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine et Loire, 1865, 42, 
Gaboon. 

Genus 735. ARGYREIOSUS Lacepede. Moonfishes. 

Selene Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 560 (5. argentea Lac6pMe = 

Zeus vomer L.). 
Argyreiosus Lac6p^de, loc. cit., IV, 1803, 566 {Zeus vomer Linnaeus). 

2142. Argyreiosus vomer (Linnrrus). Moonfish; Jorobado; Lookdown; Horse- 

head: Hair-finned dory; Hair-finned silverfish; Dollarfish. 

Tropical America, on both coasts; Cape Cod to Brazil; Lower California 
to Peru. 

Zeus vomer Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 266, America. 

Zeus gallus Linnseus, loc. cit., America; after Artedi. 

Zeus capillaris Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc, I, 383, 1815, New 
York. 

Zeus rostratus Mitchill, loc. cit., 384, New York. 

Zeus geometricus Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 245, 1818, New York. 

Argyriosus triacanlhus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Classn. Fish., 1839, 250, 
Brazil. 

Argyriosus filamentosus Swainson, loc. cit., 250; after Cuvier and Va- 
lenciennes. 

Argyriosus setifer Swainson, loc. cit., 407; after Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Argyriosus mauriceii Swainson, loc. cit., 408, Brazil. 

Argyriosus milchilli DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 126, New Yor*. 

2143. Argyreiosus cerstedii (Liitken). 

Pacific coast, Mazatlan to Panama. 

Selene oerstedii LUtken, Spolia Atlantica, 1880, 144, Punta Arenii*. 



276 V. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2144. Arg,yreiosus brevoorti Gill. 

Lower California to Peru. 

Argyriosus brevoorti Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 83, 

Lower California. 
Argi/reiosus pacificus Lockington, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., first ser., 

VII, 1876, 84, Magdalena Bay, Lower California. 

Genus 736. CHLOROSCOMBRUS Girard. Casahes. 

Chloroscombnts Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., _X, 1858, 168 

{Micropteryx cosmopolila Agassiz = »Sfow6er chrysurus Linniijus). 
Micropteryx Giinther, not of .\ga.s,siz, which is Seriola. 

2145. Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Linnanis). Casahe: Bumper; Yellowtail. 

Cape Cod to Brazil; comiiion on our South Atlantic coast and in Cuba. 
Scomber chrysurus Linna'us, Svst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 494, Charleston, 

S. C. 
Micropteryx cosmopolita Agassiz, in Spix, Pise. Bras., 1829, 104, Tab. 

LIX, Atlantic Ocean. 
Scomber hdus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, ed. Gray, 1854, 127, Carolina. 
Chloroscombrus cnribbicus Girard, Me.x. Bound. Surv., Zool., 1859, 21, 

PL XI, fig. 6, St. Joseph Island, Te.x. 

2146. Chloroscombrus orqueta Jordan and Gilbert. Orqueta; Xurel de 

Cast ilia. 
Pacific coast of tropical .\nierica, Magdalena Bay to Panama. 
Chloroscombrus orqueta Jordan and Gilbert, Proc, U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1862, 646, Panama. 
Chloroscombrus stirurus Jordan and Gilbert, loc. cit., VI, 1883, 206, 

Panama; slip for C. orqueta imperfectly corrected proof. 

Genus 737. TRACHINOTUS Lacepede. Pdmpanos. 

Trachinotus Lac6pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 79 (Labrus falcatus 

Linnajus). 
Csesiomorus Lacepede, loc. cit., 92 (C. bailloni Lac6pede). 
Acanthinion Lac6pede, loc. cit., IV, 1803, 499 {Chietodon rhomboides 

Linna'us) . 
Baillonus Rafinesque, Analyse Nature, X, 1815 {Trachinotus bailloni 

Lacepede); substitute for Csesiomorus. 
Bothrolieyrius Holbrook, Ichth. South Carolina, 1855, 80 {Trachinotus 

pam partus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Doliodon Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858, 168 {Gasterosteus 

carolinus Linna-us). 

2147. Trachinotus palometa Regan. Gaff topsail; Pdmpano; Oldwife; Palo- 

vieta; Banner pumpano. 

Tropical America, from Virginia to the Caribbean Sea. 

Chaelodon glaucus Bloch, Ichth., 1787, pi. 210, Martinique; on a figure 
by Plumier (name preoccupied bj'^ Lichia glauca L., also a Trachi- 
notus). 

Trachynotus palometa Regan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7), XII, 1903, 
349; substitute for glaucus Bloch). 

2148. Trachinotus rhodopus (Gill). Pampanito. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; south to Panama. 

Trachynotus rhodopus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 85, 

Caj)e San Lucas. 
^Trachynotus nasutus Gill, loc. cit., 85, Cape San Lucas. 
Trachynotus fasciatus Gill, loc. cit., 86, Panama. 
Trachynotus glacoides Gunther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 150, San 

Jose de Guatemala. 

2149. Trachinotus falcatus (Linnaeus). Round pampano; Palometa; Permit 

(Indian River) Spinous dory; Ovate pampano. 
East coast of United States, Cape Cod to Florida. 
Labrus falcatus Linnajus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 284, America. 
Trachinotus spinosus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 117, pi. 19, 

fig. 53, New York Harbor. 
Trachinotus fuscus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 302 (410), Brazil. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 277 

2150. Trachinotus rhomboides (Bloch). Round pampano. 

West Indies to Brazil. 

Chsetodon rhomhoides Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, III, 1787, 100, Martinique. 

2151. Trachinotus culveri Jordan and Starks. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Trachinotus culveri Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 
V, 1895, 439, pi. 36, Astillero at Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2152. Trachinotus kennedyi Steindachner. Palometa. 

Magdalena Bay to Panama. 

Trachinotus kennedyi Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 47, PL VII, 
Magdalena Bay. 

2153. Trachinotus goodei Jordan and Evermann. Permit; Palometa; Great 

pampano. 
West Indies, north to southern Florida. 
Trachinotus goodei Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 

Amer., 1896, 943, Key West, Fla. 

2154. Trachinotus carolinus (Linna?us). Common pampano; Pdmpano; 

Cohblerfinh; Bullerfish; Carolina pompano. 
South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of United States; Cape Cod; West 

Indies; Brazil. One of our best food fishes. 
Gasterosteus carolinus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 490, Carolina. 
^Trachinotus argenteus Cuvicr and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

VIII, 1831, 304 (410), New York; Rio Janeiro. 
ITrachinolus cupreu.i Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 305 (414), 

Martinique. 
Trachinotus pampanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 305 (415), 

Brazil; Charleston, S. C. 

2155. Trachinotus paloma Jordan and Starks. 

Cape San Lucas, Mazatlan, San Juan Lagoon. 

Trachinotus paloma Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., V, 189."), 437, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 738. ZALOCYS Jordan and McGregor. 

Zalocys Jordan aufi McGregor (R. C), Rept. U. S. Fish. Com., XXIV, 
1898 (1899), 276 {Zaloci/s stilf)e Jordan and McGregor). 

2156 Zalocys stilbe Jordan and McGregor. 

Off Pacilic coast of Mexico, Revillagigcflo Islands. 

Zalocys siiU)e Jordan and McGregor, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXIV, 
1898 (1S99), 277, pi. 5, Clarion Island. 

Genus 739. OLIGOPLITES Gill. Leatherjackets. 

OligoplU>-s Gill, Pro.-. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 166 (O. occi' 
. dcrtlnlis Gill). 

2157. Oligoplites saurus (Bloch and Schneider). Lcaihcrjackcl; Leathercoal; 

Runner; Zapatcro; Quicbra; Sauteur. 
Both coasts of Central America, and West Indies, north to New York 

and Lower California. 
Scomber saurus Bloch and Schneider, ed. Bloch, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 321, 

Jamaica; after Saurus argenteus of Browne. 
Centronotus argenteus Lacep^de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 310, 

equatorial America. 
Lichia quiebra Quoy and Gainiard, Voy. Freycinet, Zool., 1824, 365, 

equatorial America. 
Chorinemus saltans Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 

1831, 289 (393), Martinique, Brazil, and San Domingo. 

2158. Oligoplites inornatus Gill. Plain leather jacket. 

Paiuuua. 

Oligoplites inornatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Phila., XV, 1863, 16G 
Panama. 

2159. Oligoplites saliens (Bloch). Sauteur. 

W Cst Iiiflifs. 

Scomber snliens Bloch, Naturgcschich. Ausl. Fische, VII, 1793, 49, 

Martinique; on a figure by Plumier. 
Scombcroides saltator Lacdpddc, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, pi. 19, 

fig. 2. 



278 U. S. BITREAU OF FISHERIES 

2160. Oligeplites palonaeta (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. 

Chorinemus palometa Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poi«5S., VIII, 
1831, 288 (392), Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. 

2161. Oligoplites altus (Giinther). Jurel; Monda. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama. 

Chorinemus altus Giinther, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, VI, 1869, 433, 
Panama. 

2162. Oligoplites mundus Jordan and Starks. 

West coast of Mexico; Mazatlan. 

Oligoplites mundus Jordan and Starks, in Jordan and Evermann, 
Check List, 1896, 344, Mazatlan, Mexico (name only); Jordan 
and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1898, 2844, San 
Juan Lagoon, Mexico. 

2163. Oligoplites refulgens Gilbert and Starks. 

Panama. 

Oligoplites refulgens Gilbert and Starks, Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 
1904, 73, Panama. 

Family 180. SERIOLID^ 

Genus 740. NAUCRATES Rafinesque. 

Naucrates Rafinesque, Caratteri 1810, 44 (Centronofus conductor 

Lac^pede = <?as/eros^eus ductor Linnaeus). 
Centronotus Laciipede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 311, 51 (C. conductor 

Lac6pMe). 
Xystophorus Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 52, pi. 30, 

fig. 22 (larval form, no species named). 
Nauclerus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 247 

(A'^. compressus, Cuvier and Valenciennes; young of Naucrates). 

2164. Naucrates ductor. (Linnaeus). Pilot fish; Romero. 

Atlantic coast from Cape Cod to West Indies. 

Gasterosteus ductor Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 295, "in Pelago." 

Centronotus conductor Lacepdde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 311, no 

locality. 
Naucrates fanfarus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 45, Sicily. 
Naucrates novehoracensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

VIII, 1831, 239 (325), New York. 
Seriola dussumieri Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., IX, 1833, 162 

(217), Gulf of Bengal. 
Seriola succincta Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 163 (218), south of 

St. Helena. 
Nauclertis compressus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 185 (249), 

pi. 263, fig. 1, Molucca. 
Nauclerus abbreviatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 187 (251), 

Atlantic Ocean. 
Nauclerus brachycentrus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 187 (253), 

Indian Ocean. 
Nauclerus triacanthus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 188 (253), 

Atlantic Ocean. 
Nauclerus annularis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 189 (254), south 

of St. Helena. 
Nauclerus lecurus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 189 (255), south 

of St. Helena. 
Naucrates cyanophrys Swainson, Classn. Fishes, II, 1839, 412, Palermo. 
Naucrates serratus Swainson, loc. cit., 413, Palermo. 
Thynnus pompilus Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 123, Mediterranean; 

seas of America and Spain. 
Xystophorus Richardson, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 1844, 52, Palermo. 

2165 Naucrates polysarcus Fowler. 
Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Naucrates polysarcus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LVII, 1905, 
62, west coast of Mexico, 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 279 

Genus 741. ElAGATIS Bennett. 

Elagatis Bennett, Narrative of Whaling Voj^age, II, 1840, 283 {Seriola 

bipinnulata Quov and Gaimard). 
Seriolichthys Bleeker, Nat. Tijdschr. Neder.-Indie, VI, 1854, 196 

{Seriola bipinnulata Quoy and Gaimard). 
Decaptus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 391 {Seriola pinnulata Poey). 

2168. Elagatis bipinnulatus (Quoy and Gaimard). Runner; Yellowtaili 
Skipjack; Shoetyiaker. 
Tropical seas; West Indies; Long Island; Hawaii. 
Seriola bipinnulata Quov and Gaimard, Voy. Uranie, Zool., I, 1824, 

363, pi. 61, fig. 3, Keeling Islands. 
Seriola pinnulata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 233, Eabana, Cuba. 

Genus 742. SERIOLA Cuvier. 

Seriola Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 205 {Caranx dumerili 

Risso) . 
MicTopteryx Agassiz, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 102, type (not named) Seriola 

dumerili Cuvier, substitute for Seriola, used in botany. 
Zonichthys Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fishes, Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 248 

{Scomber fasciatus Bloch). 
Halatractus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 442 {Seriola 

dumerili, substitute for Seriola, used in botany). 
Lepidomegas Thominot, Bull. See. Philom. Paris, ser. 7, IV, 1880, 173 

(L. muelleri Thominot). 

2167. Seriola dorsalis (Gill). Yelloictail; White salmon. 

Pacific coast of America from Monterey southward to Mazatlan; 

abundant about the Santa Barbara Islands. 
Halatractus dorsalis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 84, 

Cape San Lucas. 

2168. Seriola zonata (Mitchill). Rudderfish; Shark pilot; Pilotfish; Banded 

rudder fish; Jack fish; Banded mackerel. 
Atlantic coast of the United States from Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras. 
Scomber zonatus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. Phil. Soc. N. Y., 1815, 427, New 

York Bay. 

2169. Seriola carolinensis Holbrook. 

Gulf of Mexico, and on Atlantic coast north to Cape Hatteras. 
Seriola carolinensis Holbrook, Ichthyol. South Carolina, 1855, 70, 

Charleston, S. C. 
Seriola stearnsi Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 48, 

Pensacola, Fla. 

2170. Seriola lalandi Cuvier and Valenciennes. Great amber fish; Amber jack; 

Coronado; Jenny Lind. 
New .Jersey to Brazil; occasionally to New York. 
Seriola lalandi Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 

155 (208), Brazil. 
Seriola gigas Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 227, Cuba. 

2171. Seriola dumerili (Risso). Arnber jack; Coronado. 

Mediterranean to West Indies, north to Key West and Pensacola. 
Caranx dumerili Risso, Ichthyol. Nice, 1810, 175, pi. 0, fig. 20, Nice. 
Trachurus aliciolus Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 42, PI. XI, fig. 2, Sicily. 
Trachurus fasciatus Rafinesriue, Indice, No. 108, 21 and 53, Sicily; not 

Scomber fasciatus of Bloch. 
Seriola proxima Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 229, Cuba. 

Genus 743. ZONICHTHYS Swainson. 

Zonichthys Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 248 
{Scomber fascial us Bloch) . 

2172. Zonichthys mazatlanus (Steindachner). 

West coast of Mexico, Mazatlan. 

Seriola mazatlana Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., V, 1876, 8, Mazatlan, 
Mexico. 

2173. Zonichthys fasciatus (Bloch). Madregal; Bonilo. 

West Indies, north to Charleston, S. C. 

Scomber fasciatuu Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, VII, 1793, 73, pi. 341, no 

locality. 
Seriola semicororiata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 232, Habana. 



280 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2174. Zonichthys rivolianu3 Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

AJediterranean to Brazil, West Indies, and South Carolina; Florida 

coast. 
Seriola rivoliana Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 

154 (207), the Greek Archipelago. 
Seriola boscii Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 156 (208), waters of 

Carolina. 
Seriola bonariensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 157 (211), Buenos 

Aires. 
Seriola coronata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 232, Cuba. 

2175. Zonichthys falcatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Madregal; Rock 

salmon. 
West Indies, north to Florida and the Carolinas. 
Seriola falcata Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 

156 (210), Gulf of Mexico. 
Seriola dubia Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, VII, 1839, 80, Madeira. 
Seriola declivis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 230, Habana. 
Seriola ligulata Poey, loc. cit., 231, Cuba. 

Family 181. NEMATISTIIDiE. Peacockfishes; Papagallos 

Genus 744. NEMATISTIUS Gill. 

Nematistius Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 258 (N. 

pedoralis Gill). 
Seriolophus Guichenot, Mem. Soc. Nat. Sci. Cherbourg, XIII, 1868, 

90 (Seriolophus carangoides Guichenot). 

2176. Nematistius pectoralis Gill. Pc: de gallo; Papagallo; Roosterfish. 

Gulf of California to Panama; generally common. 

Nematistius pectoralis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

259, Cape San Lucas. 
Seriolophus carangoides Guichenot, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg, 

XIII, 1868, 90, locality unknown. 

Family 182. POMATOMID^. Blueflshes 

Genus 745. POMATQMUS Lacepede. Bluefishes. 

Pomatomus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 436 (P. skib Lacepede). 
Lopharis Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 52 {Perca lophar Forsk&l). 
Goiienion Rafinesque, loc. cit., 53 (G. serra Rafinesque). 
Temnodon Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 1, II, 1817, 346 (C heilodipterus 

heptacanthus Lacepede). 
Sypterus Eichwald, Fauna Caspio-Caucas., 1841 (Perca lophar Forsk&l). 
Chromis Gronow, Cat. Fishes, 1854, 149 (C. epicurorum Gronow = 

Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus); name preoccupied. 
Sparactodon Rochebrune, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, ser. 7, IV, 1880, 162 

(<S'. nalnal Rochebrune)." 

2177. Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaius). Bluefish; Snap mackerel; Skipjack; 

Fatback; Snapping mackerel; Tailor; Snapper; Horse mackerel; Green- 
fish; Skip mackerel. 

Atlantic coast of United States; eastern part of the Mediterranean 
and South to Australia and Madagascar; locally and irregularly 
abundant. 

Perca saltatrix Linntcus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, I, 1758, 293, Carolinas. 

Perca lophar ForskS,!, De.scr. Anim., 1775, 38, Constantinople. 

Cheilodipterus heptacanthus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 542, 
Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. 

Pomatomus skib Lac6pede, loc. cit., IV, 1802, 436, Carolinas. 

Lopharis mediterraneus Rafinescpie, Indice, 1810, 17, after Forsk&l. 

Gonenion serra Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 53, Sicily. 

Chromis epicurorum Gronow, Cat., ed. Gray, 1854, 149, Carolinas. 

Sparactodon nalnal De Rochebrune, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, 1880, 
159, Senegambia. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 281 

Family 183. RACHYCENTRID^. The Sergeantflshes 

Genus 746. RACHYCENTRON Kaup. Crab-eaters. 

Rachycentron Kaup, Isis, XIX, 1826, col. 89 {R. typus Kaup). 

Elacate Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VIII, 1831, 328 
(E. malabarica Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Mdaderma Swainson, Xat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 243 
(M.nigerrima Swainson — Elacate pondicerriana Cuvier and Valen- 
ciennes) . 

2178. Rachycentron canadus (Linnaeus). Sergeant fish; Crab-eater; Bonito; 

Cobia. 
In all warm seas; Atlantic coast north to Cape Cod; also in Japan and 

the East Indies, if all members of the genus belong to one species. 
Gasterosteus canadus Linna?us, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 491, Carolinas. 
Centronotus gardenii Lac6pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 357, 

Carolinas. 
Centronotus spinosus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. See, I, 1815, 490, 

New York. 
7Elacate pondicerriana Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

VIII, 1831, 241 (329), Pondicherry. 
lElacate motta Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 244 (332), Orixa. 
1 Elacate malabarica Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 244 (332), 

Malabar. 
Elacate atlantica Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 245 (334), Brazil. 
"i Elacate bivittata Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 248 (338), Molucca. 
Elacata falcipinnis Gosse, Nat. Sojourn Jamaica, 1851, 208, Jamaica. 

Family 184. BATHYCLUPEID^ 

Genus 747. BATHYCLUPEA Alcock. 

Bathyclupea Alcock, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., VIII, 1891, 130 {B. hoskynii 
Alcock). 

2179. Bathyclupea argentea Goode and Bean. 

West Indies, in deep water. 

Bathyclupea argentea Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 190, off 
Nevis Lsland, West Indies, at Blake station 37 in 3G5 fathoms. 

Family 185. PERCIDiE. Perches 

Genus 748. PERCA Linnaeus. River perches. 

Perca Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 289 (P. fluviatilis Linnaeus). 
Epitrachys Schulze, Jahrsber. Naturw. Ver. Magdeburg, 1889, 209 

(Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus). 

2180. Perca flavescens (Mitchill). Yellow perch; American perch; Ringed 

perch; Raccoon perch; Yellow Ned; River perch; Lake perch. 
Fresh waters of the eastern United States, chiefly northward and 

eastward; abundant in the Great Lakes and in coastwise streams 

from Nova Scotia to North Carolina; common in the tributaries of 

the upper Mississippi, especially in lakes of Indiana, Michigan, 

Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota; unknown from central Ohio 

southwestward; not known from the Ohio River or the lower Missouri. 
Perca americana Schranck, Abh. Privatges. Oberdeutschland, I, 1792, 

100, America; name preoccupied in Morone. 
Morone flavescens MitchiU, Rept. Fish. N, Y., 1814, 18, near New 

York City. 
Centropomus luleus Rafinesque, Prdcis des Ddcouvertes Somiologiques, 

1814, 19, Pennsylvania. 
Perca notata Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 205, Lake Erie. 
Perca serrato-granulata Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hi.st. Nat. Poiss., 

II, 1828, 34 (48), New York. 
Perca granulata Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 35 (48), pL 9, New 

York. 
Perca acuta Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 36 (49), pi. 10, Lake 

Ontario. 
Perca gracilis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 36 (50), Skaneateles 

Lake, N. Y. 



282 V. s. BUREAtr of fisheries 

Genus 749. STIZOSTEDION 5' Rafinesque. Ainerican pike perches. 

Stizostedion Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 23 {Perca salmonea 

Rafinesque = Perca vitrea Mitchill). 
Stizostethium, attempted correction. 

2181. Stizostedioii ritrsura (Mitchill). Walleye; Wall-eyed pike; Pike perch; 

Dory; Glass-eye; Yellow pike; Blue pike; Jack salmon; White-eye; 
Spike (small specimens about 8 inches long, at Maumee Bay, 
Sandusky Bay, Port Clinton, etc.); Pickerel; River trout. 

Great Lakes region, upper Mississippi, north to Assiniboia; east to 
Vermont and Pennsylvania; south to Georgia and Alabama; espe- 
cially common northward. 

Perca vitrea Mitchill, Am. Month. Mag., II, 1818, 247, Cavuga Lake, 
N. Y. 

Lxicioperca americana Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 
1828, 90 (122), pi. 16, New York. 

Perca salmonea Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag. Ill, 1818, 354, Ohio 
River. 

2182. Stizostedion glaucum Hubbs. Blue pike. 

Great Lake region. 

Stizostedion glaucum Hubbs, Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Publ. No. 
15, July 7, 1926. 58, PI. IV, fig. 1, Lake Erie. 

Genus 750. CYNOPERCA Gill and Jordan. 

Cynoperca Gill and Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877. 44 (Lucio- 
perca canadensis C. H. Smith, in Griffith's edition of Cuvier's Regne 
Animal). 

2183. Cynoperca grisea (DeKay). Sanger; Sand pike; Gray pike; Pickering. 

Great Lakes region and westward to Montana, Tennessee, and Arkansas; 

the common species which varies northward into the next. 
Lucioperca grisea DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 19, New 

York. 
Lucioperca borea Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1857, 201, Fort 

Sarpi, Nebr. 
Lucioperca pepinus Estes, in Hallock's Sportsman's Gazetteer, 1827, 

322, Lake Pepin. 

2184. Cynoperca canadensis (Smith). Sanger; Sand pike; Gray pike. 

Northeastern North America, from Vermont to the Great Lakes. 
Lucioperca canadensis C. H. Smith, in Griffith's edition of Cuvier's 
R^gne Anim., Fishes, 1836, 275, Canada. 

Family 186. ETHEOSTOMIDiE Darters 

We begin this series with the species most nearly related to the Percidx, 
from which the darters are apparently descended. Percina is the 
most primitive genus, and in most respects the highest, the other 
forms being progressively specialized to their life in swift brooks. 
From Percina two lines diverge in different directions; the allies of 
Crystallaria and Vigil to Ammocrypta toward a quiescent life, buried 
in sand; the other through Pacilichthys, Nothonotus and Oligocephalus 
for life in weedy brooks, culminating in Microperca and Alvarius, the 
lowest forms. 

Genus 751. PERCINA Haldeman. Log perches. 

Percina Haldeman, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1842, 330 (P. 

nebulosa Haldeman = .Sct«na caprodes Rafinesque). 
Pileoma DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 16 (P. semifasciata 

DeKay — Etheosto7na caprodes Rafinesque). 

*' The European genus Sander Oken (Lucioperca Cuvier and Valenciennes) differs from Stizostedion in 
the close-set ventrals and the less close approximation of the anal spines. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 283 

2185 Percina caprodes (Rafinesque). Log perch; Rockfish; Hogmolly; Hogfish 
Great Lakes and streams of the South and West from Quebec to Lake 

Superior, and Iowa. 
Sciasna caprodes Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., Vol. II, 1818, 354, 

Ohio River. 
Perca (Percina) nebulosa Haldeman, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 

1842, 330, Susquehanna River. 
Pileoma semifasciatum DeKav, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 16, 

pi. 50, fig. 162, Lake Champlain, Westport, N. Y. 
Percina himaculata Haldeman, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1844, 157, 

Susquehanna River. 

2186. Percina carbonaria (Baird and Girard). 

Streams of Mississippi to the Rio Grande. 

Pileoma carbonaria Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
VI, 1853, 387, Rio Salada; Rio Medina; San Pedro Creek, Tex. 

2187. Percina zebra (Agassiz). Manitou darter. 

Lakes of Michigan, northern Indiana, Wisconsin, and northward to 
Lake Superior; Cayuga Lake Basin. Probably varying into P. 
caprodes. 

Pileoma zebra Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 308, Lake Superior. 

Percina manitou Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 53, 
Lake Manitou, Ind. 

2188. Percina rex (Jordan and Evermann). 

Roanoke River, Va. One of the largest and most imposing of the 

darters. 
Etheostoma rex Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 

357, Pi. XLV, fig. 9, Roanoke River near Roanoke, Va. 

Genus 752. HADROPTERUS Agassiz. Black-sided darters. 

Hadropterus Agassiz, Anicr. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 305 (H. nigro- 
fasciatus Agassiz). 

2189. Hadropterus nigrofasciatus Agassiz. Craui-a-bottom. 

South Carolina to Louisiana. 

Hadropterus nigrofasciatus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 

305, Mobile, Ala. 
Alvordius spillmani Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 491, Chicka- 

sawha River, Miss. 

Genus 753. ALVORDIUS Girard. 

Alvordius Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 68 (A. macu- 
latus Girard). 

2190. Alvordius maculatus Girard. Black-sided darter. 

Great Lakes region to the middle Missouri and north to Minnesota, 
southward through Missouri, Indiana, and Kentucky to Arkansas; 
especially common in the Ohio Valley. 

Alvordius maculatus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 68, 
Fort Gratiot, Mich. 

Alvordius aspro Cope and Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 

1877, 51, White River, Indianapolis, Ind.; substitute for Etheostoma 
blennioides of Kirtland, not of Rafinesque; perhaps distinct from A. 
maculatus which, if correctly described, has not been found later. 

2191. Alvordius guntheri (Eigenmann and Eigenmann). Giinther's darter. 

Winnipeg south to Iowa. 

Etheostoma guntheri Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., November, 
1S92, 962, Souris River, Winnipeg. 

2192. Alvordius peltatus (StaufTcr). Shielded darter. 

SoMtlica.stcrn Pennsylvania, southward to South Carolina in coastwise 

.streams. 
Hadropterus maculatus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

100, tributary of Potomac River, Md.; name preoccupied. 
Etheostoma peltatum StaulFor, in Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XVI, 1864, 233, Conestoga Creek, near Lancaster, Pa. 
Etheostoma nevisense Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 261, falls 

of Neuse River, N. C. 
Alvordius crassus Jordan and Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 

1878, 12, near Greenville, S. C. 



284 



TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



2193 Alvordius sellaris (Radcliffe and Welch). Maryland darter. 
Streams of Maryland. 

Hadropterus sellaris Radcliflfe and Welch, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXXII, 
1912, 31, Swan Creek, Havre de Grace, Md. 

2194. Alvordius ouachitse (Jordan and Gilbert). Ouachita darter. 

Southern Indiana, western Kentucky, southwest to Arkansas, not rare; 

known from Patoka River, Ind.; lower Green and Obion Rivers, 

Kentucky and Tennessee; Saline River, Ark. 
Etheostoma (Hadropterus) ouachitx Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., X, 1887, 49, Saline River, Benton, Ark., a tributary of the 

Washita. 



2195. 



Maxinkuckee darter. 



Alvordius maxinkuckiensis (Evermann) 

Lake Maxinkuckee, Ind. 

Hadropterus maxinkuckiensis Evermann, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXV, 
1899 (1900), 366, pi. 17, fig. 2, Aubeenaubee Creek, an eastern tribu- 
tary to Lake Maxinkuckee, Ind. 

2196. Alvordius evermanni (Moenkhaus). 
Lake Tippecanoe, Ind. 
Hadropterus evermanni Moenkhaus, 
1902 (1904), 397, with figure on p 



Evermann's darter. 



Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 
398, Tippecanoe Lake, Ind. 



2197. Alvordius roanoka (Jordan and Jenkins). 

Roanoke River, Va. 

Hadropterus roanoka Jordan and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 

1888, 358, Roanoke River at Roanoke, Salem, and Allegheny Springs, 

Va. 

2198. Alvordius macrocephalus (Cope). Big-headed darter. 

West slope of the AUeghenies from Pennsylvania southward in mountain 
streams; known from Youghiogheny River, Pa.; North Fork of 
Holston River, Saltville, Va.; Middle Fork of Holston River, Glade 
Spring, Va.; Big Sandy, upper Green, and Cumberland Rivers, Ky.; 
Clinch River, Tenn. 

Etheostoma macrocephahim Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1869, 
400, Youghiogheny River, Pa. 

2199. Alvordius phoxocephalus (Nelson). 

Ohio to Iowa, south to Kentucky and Oklahoma, in sandy rivers; 

locally common. 
Etheostoma phoxocephalum Nelson, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1876, 

35, Illinois River and its tributaries. 

Genus 754. SERRARIA Gilbert. 

Serraria Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 205 {Hadropterus 

scierus Swain). 

2200. Serraria sclera (Swain). Northern Indiana to Tennessee and Texas. 

Hadropterus scierus Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1883, 252, Bean 
Blossom Creek, Monroe County, Ind. 

2201. Serraria serrula (Jordan and Gilbert). 

From southern Arkansas southward through eastern Texas. 
Hadropterus scierus serrula Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
IX, 1886, 16, Red River, Fulton, Ark. 

Genus 755. ERICOSMA Jordan and Copeland. 

Ericosma Jordan and Copeland, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 8 
{Alvordius evidcs Jordan and Copeland). 

2202. Ericosma evides (Jordan and Copeland). 

Indiana in the Wat)ash Basin, west to Cedar River, Iowa, and south- 
ward in Arkansas, Kentucky, and Tennessee; French Broad River 
and the Ozark region. 

Alvordius evides Jordan and Copeland, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci, Phila., 
XXIX, 1877, 51, White River near Indianapolis, Ind. 

Genus 756. HYPOHOMUS Cope. 

Hypohomus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 449 {ColiQ- 
gaster aurantiacus Cope). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 285 

2203. Hypohomus aurantiacus (Cope). 

Upper Tennessee Basin; North Fork of Holston, Clinch, Watauga, 

and French Broad Rivers. 
Cottogaster aurantiacus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1869, 

211, North Fo?k of Holston River, Saltville, Va. 

2204. Hypohomus cymatotaenia (Gilbert and Meek). 

\\'estern Kentucky and southern Missourf. 

Etheostoma {Hadropterus) cymatotsenia Gilbert and Meek, Proc. U. S. 
Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 51, Niangua River and Osage Fork of the Gas- 
conade near Marshfield, Mo.; Sac River near Greenfield, Mo. 

2205. Hypohomus nianguae (Gilbert and Meek). Niangua darter. 

Niangua River, Ozark region of Missouri. 

Etheostoma (Hadropterus) niangua Gilbert and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., X, 1887, 52, Niangua River near Marshfield, Mo. 

2206. Hypohomus spilotus (Gilbert). 

Kentuck}- River. 

Etheostoma nianguse spilotum Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 

53, Sturgeon Creek, a tributary of Kentucky River near Travelers 

Rest, Owsley County, Ky. 

Genus 757. SWAINIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Swainia Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
1040 {Etheostoma (Hadropterus) squamatus Gilbert and Swain). 

2207. Swainia squamata (Gilbert and Swain). 

Upper Tennessee River Basin; known from Watauga and French 

Broad Rivers. 
Etheostoma (Hadropterus) squamatus Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., X, 1887, 50, French Broad River at mouth of Wolf Creek, 

Tenn. 

Genus 758. COTTOGASTER Putnam. 

Cottogaster Putnam, Hull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 4 (Boleosoma 
tessellatum, Thompson; not of DeK&\ = Cottogaster putnami Jordan 
and Gilbert). 
Rheocrypta Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 9 (R. copelandi 
Jordan). 

2208. Cottogaster copelandi (Jordan). Copeland's darter. 

Great Lakes rcf^ion, south to the Black Warrior, westward to Mis.souri 
and through the Ozark region, where it is abundant; also about 
Indianapolis in clear brooks. 

Rheocrypta copelandi Jordan, liull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 9, White 
River near Indianapolis, Ind. 

2209. Cottogaster putnami (Jordan and Gilbert). Putnam's darter. 

Lake (,"liani|)laiii. 

Cottogaster putnami Jordan and Gilbert, Synop.si.s, 1883, 498, Westport 

Brook, Lake Champlain, N. Y. Probably intergrades with C. 

cojxiandi. 

2210. Cottogaster uranidea (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Lower Wabash Basin to .southern Missouri, south through Arkansas 
and Alabama to the Escambia; mostly in sandy lowland streams. 

Etheostoma (Cottogaster) uranidea Jordan and Gilljert, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., X, 18S7, 48, Washita River, Arkadelphia, Ark. 

Genus 759. IMOSTOMA Jordan. 

Imostoma Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 49 {Ha- 
dropterus shuiimrdi Girard). 

2211. Imostoma shumardi (Girard). Shumard's darter. 

Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois southward to Kentucky and 

Arkansas. 
Hadropterus shumardi Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

100, Arkansas River near Fort Smith, .\rk. 
Etheostoma wrighti McC'ormick, Bull. Oberliu College Lab., No. 2, 

1891, 30, near Oberlin, Ohio. 

6424°— 29 19 



286 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2212. Imostoma gilberti (Evermann and Thoburn). Gilbert's darter. 

Clinch River, Tcnn. 

Ulocentra gilberti Evermann and Thoburn in Jordan and Evermann, 

Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1S96, 1049, Clinch River at Walker's 

ford near Tazewell, Tenn. 

2213. Imostoma meadiae (Jordan and Evermann). Meadie's darter. 

Indian Creek, Powell River basin, eastern Tennessee. 
Ulocentra meadise Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 
Nov. 26, 1898, 2852, Indian Creek, Cumberland Gap, Tenn. 

2214. Imostoma longimane (Jordan). 

Basin of James River, Va. 

Etheostoma longimana Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XL, 1888, 
179, tributary of James River, Va. 

2215. Imostoma cheneyi (Evermann and Kendall). Chenerfs darter. 

Racket River near Norfolk, St. Lawrence Countj^ N. Y. 

Cottogaster cheneyi Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 

XVII, 1897 (Feb. 9, 1898), 129, pi. 8, fig. 8, Racket River, near 

Norfolk, N. Y. 

2216. Imostoma podostemone (Jordan and Jenkins). 

Roanoke River Basin, Va. 

Etheostoma podostemone Jordan and Jenkins, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XI, 1888, 359, Roanoke River, at Roanoke, Salem, and Allegheny 

Springs, Va. 

Genus 760. ETHEOSTOMA Rafinesque. 

Etheostoma Rafinesque, Jour. Phys., etc., 1819, 419 {E. blennioides 

Rafinesque, as restricted by code). 
Diplesion Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 37 {Etheostoma blennioides 

Rafinesque). 
Hyostoma Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci., XVII, 1854, 305 {H. newmani 

Agassiz = Etheostoma blennioides Rafinesque). 

2217. Ethoestoma blennioides Rafinesque. Green-sided darter. 

New York to South Dakota and Kansas, south to lower Alabama 

Basin; a beautiful fish. 
Etheostoma blennioides Rafinesque, Jour, de Phvsique, LXXXVIII, 

1819, 419, Ohio River. 
Hyostoma newmani Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. and Arts, X, VII, 1854, 

305, vicinity of Huntsville, Ala. 
Pileoma cymatoqramma Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 

327, no locality. 
Hyostoma blennioperca Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 

215, tributaries of Kanawha and Holston Rivers. 

Genus 761. ULOCENTRA Jordan. 

Ulocentra Jordan, Man. Vertebrates, ed. 2, 1878, 223 (Arlina atripinnis 
Jordan^ Hyostoma simoterum Cope). 

2218. Ulocentra simotera (Cope). 

West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and Tennessee, in the basins of the 

Green, Cumberland, and Tennessee Rivers, southward through 

Alabama to the Escambia River. 
Hyostoma simoterum Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 215, 

Holston River and its tributaries, near Nashville, Tenn. 
Arlina atripinnis Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 10, tributary 

of Cumberland River near Nashville, Tenn. 
lEtheostoma duryi Henshall, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Hist., 1889, 32, 

tributary of Tennessee River. 

2219. Ulocentra histrio (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Southern Indiana, southwestward to Arkansas; known from the lower 
Wabash and tributaries; also from Green River, Ky., and Black, 
Poteau, and Washita Rivers, Ark. 

Etheostoma (Ulocentra) histrio Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., X, 1887, 47, Poteau River near Hackett City, Ark.; Saline 
River at Benton, and Washita River at Arkadelphia, Ark. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 287 

2220. XJlocentra blennius (Gilbert and Swain). 

Northern Alabama, in streams tributary to the Tennessee Eiver. 
Etheostoma {Rhothoeca) blennius Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., X, 1887, 55, Cox Creek and Shoal Creek, tributary to Tennessee 

River, Florence, Ala. 

2221. Ulocentra verecunda (Jordan and Evermann). 

Tributaries of Holston River, Va.; rare. 

Etheostoma verecundum Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XI, 1888, 360, PI. XLV, fig. 12, Middle Fork of the Holston River, 

about 5 miles south of Glade Spring, Va. 

2222. Ulocentra phlox (Cope). 

Trinitv River, Tex. 

Boleos'oma phlox Cope, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVII, 1880, 30, Trinity 
River at Fort Worth, Tex. 

2223. Ulocentra stigmaea (Jordan). Speck. 

Tennessee and Arkansas to Georgia and Louisiana. 

Boleosoma stigmseum Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876 

(1877), 311, small tributaries of Etowah and Oostanaula Rivers near 

Rome, Ga. 
Poecilichthys saxatilis Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 495, stream 

at Enterprise, Miss. 

Genus 762. BOLEOSOMA DeKay. Tessellated darters. 

Boleosoma DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 20 {B. tessellatum 

DeKa,y = Etheostoma olmstedi Storer). 
Arlina Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, 64 (A. effulgens 

Girard). 
Estrella Girard, loc. cit., 65 {E. atromaculala Girard). 

2224. Boleosoma olmstedi (Storer). Tessellated darter; Grand Oranchee darter; 

Sand darter. 
Lake Ontario to Massachusetts and south to North Carolina, east of the 

AUeghenies. 
Etheostoma olmstedi Storer, Jour., Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., IV, 1842, 61, 

pi. 5, fig. 2, Hartford, Conn. 
Perca minima Haldeman, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1842, 330, 

Susquehanna River. 
Boleosoma tassellatum DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 20, 

pi. 20, fig. 57; New York fresh-water streams. 
Estrella atromaculala Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 66, 

Potomac River, vicinity of Washington, D. C. 
IBoleosoma icsopus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 270, Loy- 

alsoc Creek, Pa. 

2225. Boleosoma nigrum (Rafinesque). Johnny darter; Blind simon. 

Eastern United States, Ohio Valley, Great Lakes region, and upper 
Mississippi, west to Colorado and north to Manitoba. 

Etheostoma nigra Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1S20, 37, Green River, Ky. 

Boleosoma maculatum Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 305, Lake Superior. 

Boleosoma olmstedi brevipinnis Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 
1868, 214, Kiskiminitas River, Pa. 

Poecilichthys beani Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 479, 
Tabo Creek, Mo. 

2226. Boleosoma effulgens (Girard). Tassellated darter. 

Maryland to North Carolina. 

Arli7ia effulgens Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 65, 
brooks and streams flowing into Potomac River. 

2227. Boleosoma mesaeum (Cope). 

Platte River near P'ort Kearney, Nebr. 

I'ffcilichthys messeus Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 232, 
Platte River near Fort Kearney, Nebr. 

2228. Boleosoma maculaticeps Cope. 

L'ppor waters of Catawba River, N. C. 

Boleosoma maculaticeps Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 269, 
upper waters of Catawba River, N. C. 



288 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2229. Boleosoma vexillare Jordan. 

Tributaries of the James, Roanoke, and Rappahannock Rivers. 
Boleosoma vexillare Jordan, Proc. D. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 235, Rappa- 
hannock River at Warrenton, Va. 

2230. Boleosoma susanae Jordan and Swain. Susan's darter. 

Basin of upper Cumberland River, Ky. 

Boleosoma susanx Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI., 1883, 
249, Wolf Creek and other tributaries of the Clear Fork of Cumber- 
land River near Pleasant View, Whitley County, Ky. 

Genus 763. VAILLANTIA Jordan.' 

Vaillantia Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 89 (Boleosoma 
camurum Forbes). 

2231. Vaillantia camura (Forbes). 

Indiana to Iowa and Mississippi, southwest to Houston, Tex. 
Boleosoma camurum Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1878, 40, 

Cache River and Clear Creek, Union County, Johnston County, 

and Pekin, 111.; name preoccupied in Nothonotus but not in Boleosoma 

or Vaillantia, 
Vaillantia chlorosoma Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 495, 

Mississippi. 

Genus 764. CRYSTALIARIA Jordan and Gilbert. 

Crystallaria Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan, Cat. Fishes N. Amer., 
1885, 78 {Pleurolepis asprellus Jordan). 

2232. Crystallaria asprella (.Jordan). 

Southern Indiana and Illinois to Arkansas and Alabama, chiefij^ in the 
larger, clearer streams. Recorded from Ohio River at Rising Sun, 
Ind.; Wabash River at New Harmony, Vincennes, and Terre Haute; 
Green River, Ky.; Choccolo Creek, Ala.; and Washita River, Ark.; 
besides the original locality in Illinois. 

Pleurolepis asprellus Jordan, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, 1878, No. 2, 
38, 1878, rocky tributary of Mississippi River in Hancock County, 111. 

Genus 765. VIGIL Jordan. 

Pleurolepis (Agassiz) Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 5 
(Etheostoma pellucidum (Baird) Agassiz; name preoccupied by 
Egerton for a genus of fossil fishes. 
Vigil Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXX, 1918 (1919), 344 
{Pleurolepis pellucidus Agassiz). 

2233. Vigil pellucidus (Baird). Sand darter. 

Lake Erie to Minnesota, Kentucky, and Texas. 

Pleurolepis pellucidus Baird, in Agassiz, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 

1863, 5, no locality; the specimens from Black River, Ohio, the types 

of Etheostoma pellucidum Baird (MS., 1853). 

2234. Vigil clarus (Jordan and Meek). 

Mississippi Valley; Wabash River, west to central Iowa and Minnesota, 

and south to Arkansas and northern Texas. 
Ammocrypta clara Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 

1885, 8, Des Moines River, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

2235. Vigil vivax (Hay). 

Mississippi and northwest through Arkansas and south to Texas. 
Ammocrypta vivax Hay, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882, (1883), 58, 
Pearl River, Jackson, Miss. 

Genus 766. lOA Jordan and Brayton. 

loa Jordan and Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1878, 88 {Poeci- 
lichthys vitreus Cope). 

2236. loa vitrea (Cope). 

Southeastern Virginia and western North Carolina. 
Poecilichthys vitreus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870. 263, 
Walnut Creek, a tributary of Neuse River, Wake County, N. C. 

2237. loa vigil Hay. 

Pearl River, .Jackson, Miss. 

loa vigil Hay, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882 (1883), 59, Pearl River, 
Jackson, Aliss. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 289 

Genus 767. AMMOCRYPTA Jordan. Sand darters. ^ 

Ammocrypta Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 5 (A. beanii 
Jordan). 

2238. Ammocrypta beanii Jordan. 

Gulf States, Alabama to Louisiana. 

Ammocrypta beaiiii Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 5, Notalbany 
River, Tickfaw, La. 

Ammocrypta gelida Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 490, Enter- 
prise. Miss. 

Genus 768. PCECILICHTHYS Agassiz. 

Pacilosoma Agassiz, Lake Superior, 1850, 299 (Etheostoma variata 

Kirtland); name preoccupied. 
Poecilichthys Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 305 {Etheostoma 

variatn Kirtland). 

2239. Poecilichthys variatus (Kirtland). 

Ohio River Basin, from western Pennsylvania to Kentucky; scarce. 

Long confused with Oligocephalus caerideus. 
Etheostoma variata Kirtland, Zoology of Ohio, 1838, 168, 192, Mahoning 

River, Ohio. 
Hadropterus tessellatus Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 7, 

Allegheny River, Foxburg, Pa. 

Genus 769. NANOSTOMA Putnam. 

Nanostoma Putnan), in Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 6 

{Popcilichthys zonalis Cope): not Na7inostomu>< Giinther). 
Rhothoeca Jordan, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XIII, 1885 (1887), 868, p. 

80 of reprint issued 1885; substitute for Nanostoma Putnam, regarded 

as preoccupied by Nannostomus Giinther. 

2240. Nanostoma zonale (Cope). Banded darter. 

Mississippi Valley from Ohio and northern Indiana (Kankakee River) 

west through Iowa and south through Kentucky and Tennessee 

into Alaljama, Louisiana, and Arkansas. 
Poecilichthys zoualis Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1808, 212, 

Holston River, Va. 
Nanostoma vinrtipes Jordan, Proc. T^ S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 236, 

tributary of Mlinois River at Naperville, 111. 

2241. Nanostoma arcansanum (Jorrian and Gilbert). 

Ozark region of Missouri and Arkansas. 

Etheostoma zonale arcansanum Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., IX, 1886, 5, Spring River, Carthage, Mo.; James River, 
Marshfield, Mo.; Poteau River, Hackett City, Ark.; Washita 
River, Arkadelphia, Ark., and Saline River, Benton, Ark. 

2242. Nanostoma swannanoa (Jordan and Evermann). 

I'pper waters of tlic Tennessee River. 

Etheostoma swannanoa Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XI, 1888, 360, PI. XLV, fig. 13, South Fork of Holston River, Hol- 
stein Mills, Va.; Middle Fork of Holston River, Marion, Va. and 
South Fork of Swannanoa River, Black Mountain, N. C. 

2243. Nanostoma elegans (Hay). 

Chickasawha River, Miss. 

Nanostoma eletjans Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 493, shallow 
rocky branch of Chickasawha River, Enterpri.se, Miss. 

2244. Nanostoma thtlassinum (Jordan and Bray ton). 

Saiitee liiver Basin in North and South Carolina. 

Nothonotus thfdnssinus Jordan and Bravton, Bull. I^ S. Nat. Mus., 

XII, 1878, 13, Reedy River, Greenville, S. C; Catawba River and 
tributaries in North Carolina; Ennoree River, Chick Springs, S. C; 
and Saluda River, Farr's Mill, S. C. 

2245. Nanostoma inscriptum (Jordan and Brayton). 

Oconee River, Ga. 

Nothonotus inscriptus Jordan and Brayton, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 
1878, 34, Oconee River, Sulphur Springs, Hall County, Ga. 



290 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2246. Nanostoma rupestre (Gilbert and Swain). 

North River, a tributary of Black Warrior River, Ala. 
Etheostoma (Rhothoeca) rupestre Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mils., X, 1887, 57, North River near Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

Genus 770. NOTHONOTUS Agassiz. 

Nothonotus Agassiz, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 3 {Etheostoma 
maculata Kirtland). 

2247. Nothonotus maculatus Kirtland. 

Ohio and Indiana, southward through Kentucky and Tennessee to 
northern Alabama, in tributaries of the Wabash, Ohio, Cumberland, 
and Tennessee Riveis. 

Etheostoma maculata Kirtland, Jour. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 1840, 276, 
Mahoning River, Ohio. 

Pcecilichthys sanguifluus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 

264, headwaters of the South Fork of the Cumberland River in 
Tennessee. 

2248. Nothonotus camurus (Cope). Bhie-breasied darter. 

Lake Erie to Tennessee, in clear, swift waters; not common; the most 

br'lliantly colored of fresh-water fishes. 
Pcecilichthys camurus Cope, Proc. Amer Phil. Soc. Phila., XT, 1870, 

265, headwaters of Cumberland River in Tennessee. 

2249. Nothonotus vulneratus (Cope). 

French Broad River. 

Poecilichthys vulneratus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. Phila., XI, 1870, 

266, tributary of French Broad River, Warm Springs, N. C. 

2250. Nothonotus cinereus (Storer). 

Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers; Tennessee River at Florence, Ala.; 
Obevs River at Olvmpus, Tenn.; Rock Creek near Whitley Station, 

Ky." 

Etheostoma cinerea Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1845, 49, 
Florence, Ala. 

2251. Nothonotus tessellatus (Storer). Tessellated darter. 

Florence, Ala. 

Etheostoma tessellata Storer, Proc, Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., II, 1845, 48, 
Tennessee River at Florence, Ala. (Not Boleosoma tessellatum DeKay). 

2252. Nothonotus rufilineatus (Cope). 

Upper tr'butaries of the Tennessee, Cumberland, and Green Rivers. 
Pcecilichthys rufilineatus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 267, 
Warm Springs Creek, French Broad River, Madison County, N. C. 

2253. Nothonotus jordani (Gilbert). Jordan's darter. 

Tributaries of Coosa River in the Alabama River Basin. 

Etheostoma {Nothonotus) jordani Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 

1889 (1891), 156, pi. 43, fig. 3, Choccolo Creek, Oxfoid, Ala., and 

Chestnut Creek, Verbena, Ala. 

Genus 771. RAFINESQUIEILUS Jordan and Evermann. 

Aplesion Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 102 (A. pottsii 

Girard); not of Rafinesque. 
Rafinesquiellus Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 

1896, 1082 {Aplesion pottsii Girard). 

2254. Rafinesquiellus pottsii (Girard). 

Streams of Chihuahua, Mexico, in Rio Grande Basin. 

Aplesion pottsii (mispiinted pnlsii) Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Phila., XI, 1859, 102, tributaries of Chihuahua River, Mexico. 
Etheostoma micropterusGWhcit, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 289, 

Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Genus 772. OLIGOCEPHALUS Girard. 

Oligocephalus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 67 {Bo- 
leosoma lepida Baird and Girard). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 



291 



2255. Oligocephalus caeruleus (Storer). Blue darter; Rainbow darter; 

Soldierfish; Blue johnmj. 
Upper Mississippi Valley, from Kentucky to Michigan and east to 

New York. 
Etheostotna cserulea Storer, Proc. Bost. Soe. Nat. Hist., II, 1845, 47, 

Fox River, lU. 
Pcecilosoma erythrogastrum Kirtland, Cleveland Annals Sci., 1854, 4, 

near Cleveland, Ohio. 
PcBcilichthys versicolor Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1854, 304, Quincv, 

111. 
PoBcilichthys spectabilis Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1854, 304, Osage 

River, Mo. 
Pcecilosoma transversum Abbott, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 

1860, 326, Lake Superior. 

2256. Oligocephalus lepidus (Baird and Girard). 

Streams of Arkansas, Texas, and Chihuahua; perhaps more than one 

species included. 
Boleosoma lepida Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1853, 388, upper tributaries of the Rio Nueces, Tex. 
Oligocephalus grahami Girard, loc. cit., XI, 1859, 102, Devil River, Tex. 
Oligocephalus leonensis Girard, loc. cit., 102, Leon River, Tex. 
Oligocephalus pulchellus Girard, loc. cit., 102, Gypsum Creek, a tributary 

to the Canadian River. 

2257. Oligocephalus fricksia (Hildobrand). 

Tributaries of Savannah River. 

Etheostotna fricksia Hildebrand, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXIX, 1924, 
7, Brook near Augusta, Ga. 

2258. Oligocephalus iowse (Jordan and Meek). 

Upper Mississippi Valley, from Iowa, Nebraska, and Colorado north to 

Assiniboia; abundant and widely distributed. 
Etheostotna iowse Jordan and Meek, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 

10, Chariton River, Chariton, Iowa. 
Etheostotna quappella Eigeiimann and Eigenmann, Amer. Nat., 1892, 

963, Qu'Apeile River, Manitoba. 

2259. Oligocephalus aubeenaubei (Evermann). Aiiheenauhee darter. 

Aubeenaubee Creek, an eastern inlet to Lake Maxinkuckee, Ind. 
Etheostoma aubeenaubei Evermann, Rept., U. S. Fish Com., XXV, 1899 
(1900), 367, .\ubeenaubec Creek, Lake Maxinkuckee, Ind. 

2260. Oligocephalus hildebrandti (Evermann and Clark). 

Fletcher Lake, Fulton Co., Ind. 

Etheostoma hildebrandti Evermann and Clark, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 
XXIir, May 4, 1910, 81-88, fig. 1, Fletcher Lake, Fulton Co., Ind. 

2261. Oligocephalus jessise (Jordan and Brayton). Jessie's darter. 

Southern Illinois to Georgia and Mississippi. 

Poecilichthi/s jessise Jordan and Brayton, in Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 2, 

1878, 227; creek near Ringgold, Ga. 
Poecilichthy.i asprigenis Forbes, liull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., I, No. 2, 1877, 

41, small creek at Pekin, 111. 
Pacilichthys sivaini Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 479, 

tributary of Pearl River, Monticello, Miss. 

2262. Oligocephalus luteovinctus (Gilbert and Swain). 

Stone River, Tenn. 

Etheostoma luteovinctum Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 
1887, 58, Stone River near Nashville, Tenn. 

Genus 773. NIVICOLA Jordan and Evermann. 

Nivicola Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
1082 (Paecilichlhys borcalis Jordan). 

2263. Nivicola borealis (Jordan). Northern darter. 

St. Lawrence River at Montreal, Canada, and Muskoka Lakes near 

Lake Huron. 
Purilichthys borealis Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 477, 

Montreal, Canada. 



292 



U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



II, 1879, 236, 



2264. Nivicola cragini (Gilbert). Cragin's dorter. 

\\'estern portion of the Arkansas River Basin, from Garden City, Kans., 

to Canyon City, Colo. 
Etheosloma cragini Gilbert, Bull. Washburn Coll. Lab., March and April, 

1885, 99, small stream connecting the "Lake" at Garden City, Kans., 

with Arkansas River. 

2265. Nivicola punctulata (Agassiz). 

Ozark region of southwestern Missouri. 

Pwrilichthi/s punctulntas Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 
o04, Osage River, Mo. 

2266. Nivicola pagei (Meek). 

Tributary of Neosho River, Arkansas Basin. 

Ethcostoma pagei Meek, Amer. Nat., 1894, 957, Neosho, Mo.; only two 
si)ecimens known. 

2267. Nivicola artesiae (Hay). 

Georgia to central Texas. 

Pa'cilichthi/s artedie Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 494, from a 
small branch of Catawba River, Artesia, Lowndes County, Miss. 

2268. Nivicola lepidogenys (Evermann and Kendall). 

Rio Comal, Tex. 

Etheo.ttomn lepidogenys Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish. Com., 

XII, 1892 (Feb'. 6, 1894), 114, pi. 35, fig. 3, Rio Comal, New Braunfels, 
Tex. 

2269. Nivicola virgata (Jordan). 

Tributaries of Cumberland River in western Kentucky. 
Pcecilichthya virgatus Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
Rock Castle River, Livingston, Ky. 

2270. Nivicola obeyense (Kirsoh). 

Tributaries of the Cumberland River in Clinton County, Kv. 
Etheodnma obeyense Kirsch, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., X, 1890 ("l892), 292, 

with figure; all streams tributary to the Cumberland River in Clinton 

County, Ky. 

2271. Nivicola tippecanoe (Jordan and Evermann). 

Tippecanoe River, Ind. 

EtheoHtoma tippecanoe Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XIII, 1890, 3 (with a figure of Etheosloma camurum by error of 
printer), Tippecanoe River, Marshland, Ind. 

Genus 774. CLARICOLA Jordan and Evermann. 

CUiricola Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
1093 {Etheosloma julise Meek). 

2272. Claricola juliae (Meek). Julias darter. 

Basin of White River, Mo. 

Etheosloma julise Meek, Bull. TT. S. Fish Com., IX, 1889 (1891), 130, 
pi. 42, fig. 2, James River, near Springfield, Mo. 

2273. Claricola whipplii (Girard). Whipple's darter. 

Lower Arkan.sas Basin; locally abundant in clear tributaries of the 

Saline, Washita, etc. 
Boleichthys whipplii Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 103, 

Coal Creek, Ark. 

2274. Claricola alabamae (Gilbert and Swain). Alabama darter. 

Black Warrior and Big Catawba Rivers, Ala. 

Etheosloma whipplei alahnmx Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
X, 1887, 62, Black Warrior River near Morris and Tuscaloosa, Ala. 

2275. Claricola squamiceps (Jorflan). 

Lower ^\■abash Valley, Ind., through western Kentucky and Tennessee 

to Georgia and western Florida. A peculiar species resembling 

Calonotus; perhaps not a Claricola. 
Etheosloma srpmmiceps Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 11, 

Russellville, Ky. 
Etheosloma parvipinne Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 

1887, 59, small spring branch, tributary to Black Warrior River, 

Tuscaloosa, Ala. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 293 

Genus 775. CATONOTUS Agassiz. Fantail darters. 

Catonotus Agassiz, Ainer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 305 (C. lineolatus 

Agassiz) . 
Etheostoma Rafinesque, as restricted bv Cope and Jordan. 
Richin Coker, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLII, 1926, 105, 106; R. brevisjar^a 

Coker, preoccupied by Richia, a genus of moths. 
Richiella Coker, Copeia, Xo. 162, March, 1927, 17, substitute for Richia, 

preoccupied. 

8276. Catonotus flabellaris (Rafinesque). Fan-tailed darter. 

Xew York to \'irginia, west to Iowa and south to South Carolina and 

northern Alabama. 
Etheostoma flabellaris Rafinesque, Jour, de Physique, LXXXVIII, 1819, 

419, tributaries of Ohio River. 
Etheostoma flabellata Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 36, Ohio River. 
Etheostoma fontinalis Rafinesque, loc. cit., 85, Ohio River. 
Etheostoma linsleyi Storer, Proc. Bost. Soc. Xat. Hist., IV, 1851, 37, 

Wolcott, Wayne Countv, X. Y. 
Oligocephalus humeralis Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 

67, James River, Va. 
Catonotus fasciatus Girard, loc. cit., 68, Madrid, X. Y., and Grass River. 
Catonotus kennicotti Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 3, 

southern Illinois. 
Richia brevispina Coker, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XLII, March, 1927, 

106, fig. 1, Paddys Creek, X. C. 

2277. Catonotus flabellare lineolatum (Agassiz). 

Minnesota to northern Indiana and northern Missouri. 
Catonotus lineolatus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 305, 
small creek near Quincy, III. 

2278. Catonotus flabellare cumberlandicum (Jordan and Swain). Cumber- 

land darter. 

Brooks in Cumberland Mountains tributary to Cumberland River. 

Etheostoma cumberlandicum Jordan and Swain, Proc, U. S. Xat. Mus., 
VI, 18.S3, 251, small streams of tlic Cumberland Mountains; Wolf 
Creek and Briar Creek near Pleasant View, Whitley County, Ky. 

Genus 776. TORRENTARIA Jordan and Evermann. 

Torrentaria Jordan and Evermann, Fishes Xorth and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
1080 (Etheostoma sagitta Jordan and Swain). 

2279. Torrentaria sagitta (Jordan and Swain). 

Cumberland River. 

Pwcilichlhys sagilla Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., VI, 
1883, 250, Wolf Creek, near Pleasant View, Whitley County, Ky. 

2280. Torrentaria fasciata (Girard). 

Chihuahua River, Mexico, in Rio Grande Basin. 

Diplesion fasciatus Girard, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 101, 

Chihuahua River, Mexico; the name preoccupied in Etheostoma, not 

in Torrentaria. 
Etheostoma australe Jordan, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., XI, 1888, 362, 

Chihuahua River, Mexico; ba.sed on the types of Diplesion fasciatus 

Girard. 
Etheostoma scovellii Woolman, Amer. Xat., March, 1892, 260, Rio de 

las Conchas, Chihuahua, Mexico. 

Genus 777. PSYCHROMASTER Jordan and Evermann. 

Psyrhromaster Jordan and Evermann, Fishes Xorth and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 1099 {Etheostoma tuscumbia Gilbert and Swain). 

2281. Psychromaster tuscumbia (Gilbert and Swain). Tuscumbia darter. 

Teiiiicssee River Basin in northern Alabama. 

Etheostoma tuscumbia Gilbert and Swain, Proc. U. S. Xat. Mus., X, 
1887, 63, stream flowing from the large spring at Tuscumbia, Ala. 

Genus 778. BOLEICHTHYS Girard. 

Boleirhlhys (Jirard, I'roc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 103 {Boleich- 
Ihys exilis Girardj. 



294 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2282. Boleichthys f usif ormis (Girard) . Fusiform darter. 

Massachusetts and south in coastwise streams. 

Boleosoma fusifortne Girard, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., IV, 1854, 41, 

Charles River, Mass. 
Hololepis erochrous Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVI, 1864, 233, 

Brown's Mill, N. J., opposite Philadelphia. 

2283. Boleichthys gracilis (Girard) . Crimson darter. 

Southern Indiana to Georgia and Texas; perhaps more than one species 

included; perhaps varying into the preceding. 
Boleosoma gracile Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 103, 

Rio Seco and Leona River, Tex. 
Poecilichthys butlerianus Hay, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., II, 1882, 61, Big 

Black River near Vaughns station, Yazoo Countv, Miss. 
Poecilichthys palustris Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 209, 

Switz City Swamp, Greene County, Ind. 

2284. Boleichthys eos (Jordan and Copeland). 

New York to Minnesota. 

Boleichthys eos Jordan and Copeland, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 

XXIX, 1877, 46, Wisconsin and Rock Rivers, Wis.; Fox River, 111.; 

northern Indiana. 

2285. Boleichthys exilis Girard. 

Upper Missouri River Basin and Red River of the North. 

Boleichthys exilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 103, 

Little Muddy River, a tributary of the upper Missouri. 
Boleichthys warreni Girard, loc. cit., 104, Cannonball River. 

Genus 779. HOLOLEPIS Agassiz. 

Hololepis Agassiz, in Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 4 

{Etheostoma barrati Holbrook). 
Copelandellus Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 

1896, 1100 (Poecilichthys quiescens Jordan). 

2286. Hololepis barratti Holbrook. 

Swamps and streams of the lowlands from Virginia to Florida; known 

from Blackwater River, Zuni, Va.; Allapaha River, Nashville, Ga.; 

and various streams in Florida and South Carolina. 
Hololepis barratti Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 56, 

South Carolina. 
Poecilichthys quiescens Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 478, 

tributary of Allaphaha River, Nashville, Ga. 

Genus 780. MICROPERCA Putnam. 

Microperca Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 4 (M. punctulata 
Putnam). 

2287. Microperca punctulata Putnam. Least darter. 

Northwestern States; Indiana, Michigan, and Minnesota, south to 
Arkansas; rare outside of tributaries of the Great Lakes. 

Microperca punctulata Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 4, 
various points in Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Alabama; those 
from Alabama probably M. praliaris (Hay); name preoccupied in 
Etheostoma. 

Etheostoma microperca Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan's Man. Vert., 
ed. V, 1888, 134, lakes of Laporte County, Ind.; substitute name. 

2288. Microperca proeliaris Hay. 

Alabama and Mississippi, in lowland streams and ponds. 
Microperca praliaris Hay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, 1880, 496, small 
branch of the Tuscumbia River at Corinth, Miss. 

Genus 781. ALVARIUS Girard. 

Alvarius Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 101 {A. lateralis 

Girard) . 
This genus differs from Microperca in having but one anal spine. The 

fins are short and low and the scales in the type are said to be small. 

2289. Alvarius lateralis Girard. 

Rio Grande about Brazos Santiago, Tex. 

Alvarius lateralis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 101, 
mouth of Rio Grande. • 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 295 

2290. Alvarius fonticola Jordan and Gilbert. 

Arkansas and Texas, in clear rocky streams; known only from Washita 
River at Arkadelphia; San Marcos River at San Marcos, Tex.; Comal 
Creek at New Braunfels, Tex. 

Alvarius fonticola Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 
23, San Marcos Spring at San Marcos, Tex. 

Family 187. APOGONIDiE. Cardinal fishes 

Genus 782. APOGON Lacepede. 

Amia Gronow, Zoophyl., 1763, 80 (Apogon moluccensis Cuvier and 

Valenciennes); not Amia L., nonbinomial. 
Apogon Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 411 (A. ruber Lac6pMe= 

Mnllus imherhis L.). 
Ostorhinchus Lacepede, loc. cit., IV, 1803, 23 (0. fleurieu Lacepede). 
Dipterodon Lacepede, loc. cit., 165 (D. hexacanthus Lac6pede). 
Macrolepis Rafinesque, Analyse de la Nat., 1815, 86; a bare name, no 

t.¥pe. 
Monoprion Poe}', Memorias, II, 1861, 123 {M. maculatus Poey). 

2291. Apogon imberbis (Linnaeus). King of the mullets; Alfoncino; Fucinita. 

Mediterranean and neighboring waters; one from Newport, R. I., and 

one from the island of Fernando de Noronha. 
Mullus imberbis Linnajus, Sjst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 300, Malta; after 

Artedi. 
Apogon ruber Lac6pMe, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 411, Malta. 
Perca pusilla De la Roche, Ann. Mus. Nat. Hist., XIII, 1809, 318, 

Nice. 
Apogon rex-mullorum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

II, 1828, 105 (143), Marseilles, Nice, Genoa, Naples, Palermo. 

2292. Apogon maculatus (Pocy). 

Pensacola to Bahia; recorded from as far north as Woods Hole; 

common on the "snapper banks"; often found in the stomachs of 

snappers and groupers. 
Monoprion maculatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 123, Cuba. 

2293. Apogon pigmentarius (Poey). 

Cuba; common at Habana. 

Monoprion pigmentarius Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 123, Cuba. 

2294. Apogon sellicauda Evermann and Marsh. 

West Indies; Tortugas Archipelago; Porto Rico. 

Apogon sellicauda Evermann and Marsh, Fish. Porto Rico, Bull. 
U. S. Fish Com., XX, 1900, 143, fig. 40, Culebra Island, Porto Rico. 

2295. Apogon americanus Castelnau. 

Brazil, north to the Tortugas. 

Apogon americanum Castelnau, Anim. Amer. Sud, Poiss., 1855, 3, pi. 

III, fig. 2, Bahia. 

2296. Apogon binotatus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Amia binotatn Pocy, Repcrtorio, 1867, 234, Cuba. 

2297. Apogon retrosella (Gill). Cardenal. 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Amia retrosella Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 251, 
Cape San Lucas. 

2298. Apogon dovii Giinther. 

-Mazatlan to Panama. 

Apogon dovii Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1861, 371, Panama. 

2299. Apogon atricaudus (Jordan and McGregor). 

Offshore islands, Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Apogon atricaudus Jordan and McGregor, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., 
XXIV, 1898, 277, and in Jordan and Evermann, Fish. North and 
Mid. Amer., 1898, 2853, Socorro, Clarion, and San Benedicto islands. 

2300. Apogon atrodorsatus Heller and Snodgrass. 

Galapagos Islands. 

Apogon atrodorsatus Heller and Snodgrass, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 
V, 1903, 192, PI. Ill, Charles Island. 



296 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2301. Apogon guadalupensis (Osbiirn ftnd Nichols). 

Guadalupe Island, off Lower California. 

Amia guadalupensis O.sburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 160, fig. 9, Guadalupe Island. 

Genus 783. APOGONICHTHYS Bleeker. 

Apngonichthys Bleeker, Naturkundig Tijd. Nederl.-Indie, Floris, VI, 
1S5-4, 321 (A. verdix Bleeker). 

2302. Apogonichthys alutus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Snapper banks off Pensacola and Tampa, Fla.; and at Porto Rico. 
Apogoji alutus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 18S2, 279, 
and in Synopsis, 1883, 931, snapper banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

2303. Apogonichthys puncticulatus Poey. 

Cuba; Tortugas. 

Apogonichthys puncticulatus Poey, Repertorio, II, 1867, 233, Cuba. 

2304. Apogonichthys melampodus Blosser. 

St. Croix Island, West Indies. 

Apogonichthys melampodus Blosser, Ann. Carnegie Mus., VI, 1909, 
No. 1, 296, St. Croix. 

Genus 784. ASTRAPOGON Fowler. 

Astrapogon Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LXIII, 1906, 527 

{Apogonichthys stellaius Cope). 

2305. Astrapogon stellatus (Cope). 

Bahamas. 

Apogonichthys stellatus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIII, 1869, 

400, Nassau, Bahama Islands. 
Apogonichthys stromhi Plate, Zool. Anzeiger, XXXIII, 1908, 393, with 

])late, Bahamas; living symbiodic in shells of Stro?nbus gigas. 

Genus 785. XYSTRAMIA Jordan. 

Xystramia Jordan, Copeia, May 24, 1917, 46 {Glossamia pandionis 
Goode and Bean). 

2306. Xystramia pandionis (Goode and Bean). 

Deep water off Chesajjcake Bay. 

Apogon pandionis Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
160, deep water off Chesapeake Bay. 

Genus 786. EPIGONUS Rafinesque. 

Epigonus Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 64 {E. macrophthalmus Rafinesque). 
Fo7natomus Risso, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 171 (P. telescopium Risso); not of Lacepede. 
Telescops Bleeker, Arch. N6erl. Sci. Nat., XI, 1876, 261 (Pomatomus 

telescopium Risso); substitute for Pomatomus Cuvier; not of Lac6pede. 
Pomatomichthys Giglioli, Espos. Int. d. Pesca, Berlin, 1880, 20 {P. 

constanciie Giglioli = Pomato7mis telescopium Risso). 

2307. Epigonus occidentalis Goode and Bean. 

Deep water off Barbados. 

Epigonus occidentalis Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 233, off 
Barbados. 

Genus 787. CHEILODIPTERUS Lacepede. 

Cheilodiptcrus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1802, 539; restricted by 

Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828, to C. macrodon Lacepede.- 
Clodipterus Rafinesque, Analyse Nat., 1815, 86, substitute for Cheilo- 

dipterus Lacepede; regarded as too long. 
Paramia Bleeker, Neder. Tijdschr. Dierk., I, 1863, 233 (Cheilodiptems 

lineatus Lac6p4de) ; substitute for Cheilodiptcrus (Lacepede) Cuvier. 

2308. Cheilodipterus afHnis Poey. 

Cuba; three si)ocimens known. 

Cheilodipterus ajjlnis Poey, Ann. Acad. Nat. Sci. N. Y., XI, 1876, 58, 
- • Habaua. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 297 

Family 188. SCOMBROPID^ 

Genus 788. SPHYE^NOPS Poey.. 

Sphyrsenops Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 249 (S. hairdianus Poey). 

2309. Sphyraenops bairdiana Poey. 

Deep water of Cuba; one specimen known. 

Sphyraenops bairdianiis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 350, Cuba. 

Genus 789. PARASPHYR^NOPS Bean. 

Parasphyrsnops B. A. Bean, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXV, 1912, 194 
(P. atrimanus B. A. Bean). 

2310. Parasphyraenops atrimanus B. A. Bean. 

Bermudas. 

Parasphyraenops atrimanus B. A. Bean, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., XXV, 
1912, 194, Bermudas. 

Genus 790. LATEBRUS Poey. 

Latchrus Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 168 (L. oculatus Poey). 

2311. Latebrus oculatus Poey. Escolar chino. 

Coast of Cuba; in deep water. 

Latebrus oculatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 168, with plate, Cuba. 

Genus 791. HYPOCLYDONIA Goode and Bean. 

Hypoclydonin Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 265 (//. bclla 
Goocie and Beam. 

2312. Hypoclydonia bella Goode and Bean. 

Ciulf Stream. 

Hypoch/ilonia bella Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 236, 

Albatross .stations 2314, 2397, 2401, 2417, etc., at depths from 90 to 

159 fathoms. 

Genus 792. AMIICHTHYS Poey. 

Amiirhthys Poey, in Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IX, 1886, 586 
(diafiterus Poey, 1S61; only the specific name of this fish being 
published by Poey). 

2313. Amiichthys diapterus Poey. 

Coast of Cuba; two specimens known. 

diaj/tcrus Poey, Synopsis, 1861, 305, Cuba. 

Family 189. CENTRARCHID.ffi. Black basses; Sunfishes and pumpkinseeds 

Genus 793. HURO Cuvier and Valenciennes. Largemouth black bass. 
?.Vf»(0caw/>6i»" Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 30 {Lepomis flexuolaris 

Kaf.). 
Iluro Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat., Poiss., II, 1828, 125 {H. 

nigriraus Cuvier and Valenciennes = Ctc/i/a /onV/ana LeSueur). 

2314. Huro floridana (LeSueur). Large-mouthed black bass; Oswego bass; 

Green, bass; Bayou bass; Chub; Trout; Jumper; Welshman; Achigan 
grand bouche; Achigan noir; Big-mouthed black bass; Black bass of the 
Huron; Black huron; Bride perch; Cow bass; Dotted paintedtail; Fresh- 
water trout; Gray bass; Green perch; Green trout; Growler; Huron; Lake 
bass; Marsh bass; Millpond chub; Moss bass; Mud bass; Paintedtail; 
Pale river bass; Perch; River bass; Rock bass; Salmon-formed growler; 
Slough bass; Southern chub; Speckled hen; Spotted bass; Straw bass; 
Striped bass; White bass; White salmon; White trout; Yellow bass; 
Yellow pond perch. 

Rivers of the United States from the Great Lakes and Red River of 
the North to Florida, Texas, and Mexico; west to the Dakotas, 
Nebraska and Kansas; introduced into lakes and streams of California. 

Cichla floridana LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1822, 219, 
east P'lorida. 

Huro nigricans Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 93 
(124j, pi. 17, Lake Huron. 

Micropterus salmoides of authors; not Labrus salmoides Lac^p^de. 

" Except for the phrase "Mouth larRp," Kaflne.'^fjue gives no distinrtivc characters for the youDR black 
bass he <»lls " Aemocampiit"; but in Micropterus the mouth is deciUcclJy large, though smaller than in 
Huro 



298 U. S. BUEEAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 794. MICROPTERUS lacepede. Black bass. 

Mirroptrrits Lac(^pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 325, 1802 (M. dolomieu 

Lac6pede). 
Calliurns Rafinesque, Jour, de PhY.sique, 1819, 420 (C p^o^ct^datus Raf.) 
Aplites Rafinesque, Ichtli. Oliiensis, 1820, 30 {Lepomis pallida Raf.). 
1 N emocampsis Rafinesque, loc. cit., 30 {Lepomis flexuolaris Raf.). 
Dioplites Rafinesque, loc. cit., 32 {Lepomis not/tla^ Raf.). 
Aplesion Rafinesque, loc. cit., 36 {Ethcostoma calliura Raf.). 

2315. Micropterus dolomieu Lac6pede. Small-mouthed black bass; Achigan 

noir; Achigan petite bouchg; Bass; Bass hogfish; Black bass; Black 

fresh-water bass; Black perch; Bronze-backer; Brown bass; Brown 

trout; Dwarf bass; Gold bass; Green bass; Green perch; Green trout; 

Hog bass; Jumper; Little bass; Minny bass; Mountain trout; Redeye; 

River bass; Rock bass; Speckled hen; Spotted river bass; Streaked-cheeked 

river bass; Streaked lead; Swago bass;Swego; Trout bass; Trout perch; White 

trout; Yellow bass; Yellow perch. 
Lake Champlain to Manitoba and southward on both sides of the 

mountains to South Carolina and Arkansas. 
Micropterus dolomieu Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 325, type 

locality uncertain, probably South Carolina. 
Labrus salmoides Lacepede, loc. cit., IV, 1802, 716, South Carolina. 
Bodianus achigan Rafinesque, Amer. Month Mag., II, 1817, 120, New 

York. 
Calliurns punctulatus Rafinesque, Jour, de Phj'sique, 1819, 420, falls 

of the Ohio River. 
Lepomis pallida Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohicnsis, 1820, 30, Ohio, Miami, 

and Hocking Rivers. 
Lepomis trifasciata Rafinesque, loc. cit., 31, Ohio River. 
"^.Lepomis flexuolaris Rafinesque, loc. cit., 31, Ohio River. 
Lepomis salmonca Rafinesque, loc. cit., 32, Kentucky, Green, Licking, 

and Ohio Rivers. 
Lepomis notata Rafinesque, loc. cit., 32, Ohio River. 
Etheostoma calliura Rafinesque, loc. cit., 36, Ohio River; Salt River, Ky. 
Cichla fasciata LeSueur, Jour., Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1822, 216, 

Lake Erie. 
Cichla ohiensis LeSueur, loc. cit., 218, Ohio River. 
Cichla minima LeSueur, loc. cit., 220, Lake Erie. 
Centrarchus obscurus DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 30, pi. 

17, fig. 48, Onondaga Creek, N. Y. 
Dioplites variabilis Vaillant and Bocourt, Miss. Sci. Mex., Poissons. 

1875-188.3, 142, Wabash River, New Harmony, Ind. 

2316. Micropterus pseudoplites Hubbs. Kentucky black bass. 

Southeastern United States from western West Virginia northward to 

southern Ohio, westward to Kansas and central Texas. 
Micropterus pseudaplites Hubbs, Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., Part I, V, Jan. 

1, 1927, 137, nomen nudum. 
Micropterus pseudoplites Hubbs, Occ. Papers, Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 

No. 184, June 29, 1927, 8, PI. I, figs. 2, 3, and 5, Forbush Creek near 

Mill Springs, Ky. 

Genus 795. APOMOTIS Rafinesque. 

Apomotis Rafinescjue, Jour, de Physique, LXXXVIII, 1819, 420 

{Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque). 
Telipomis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 27 {Lepomis cyanellus 

Rafinesque). 
Bryttus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 454, 401 {B. 

punctatus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2317. Apomotis cyanellus (Rafinesque). Blue-spotted sunfish; Green sunfish; 

Little red-eye; Blackeyes; Blackeye .sunfish; Blue-and-green sunfish; 
Blue bass; Bluefish; Blue sunfish; Bream; Buffalo sunfish; Perch; Red- 
eye; Sunfish; Blanco perch; Wood bass. 

Great Lakes region to Mexico; very abundant from Ohio south westward 
to the Rio Grande. 

Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque, Jour, de Physique, LXXXVIII, 1819, 
420, Ohio River. 

Icthelis melanops Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 28, Ohio River. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 299 

Pomotis longulus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 

1853, 391, Otter Creek, Ark. 
Calliurus diaphanus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IX, 1857, 200, 

Rio Blanco, Tex. 
Calliurus formosus Girard, loo. cit., 1857, 200, Arkansas. 
Calliurus microps Girard, loo. cit., 200, Rio Brazos, Tex. 
Calliurus murinus Girard, loc. cit., 200, Texas. 
Bryttus signifer Girard, loc. cit., 201, Rio Medina, Tex. 
Bryttus mineopas Cope, loc. cit., XVII, 1865, 84, Whittlesey Lake, 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

2318. Ap o metis euryorus (McKay). 

Upper Great Lakes region. A form regarded as this occasional in the 
upper Mississippi. 

Lepomis euryorus McKay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 89, Lake 
Huron at Fort Gratiot, Mich. Regarded by Hubbs as a hybrid 
between Apomotis cyanellus and Eupomoiis gibbosus. 

2319. Apomotis ischyrus (Jordan and Nelson). Big-nosed sunfish. 

Upper Mississippi Valley. 

Lepiopomus ischyrus Jordan and Nelson, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 
1877, 25, lUinois River, 111. Rare; thought by Hubbs to be a hybrid. 

2320. Apomotis phenax Cope and Jordan. Deceptive sunfish. 

Streams of New Jersey. 

Apomotis phenax Cope and Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 26, 

Beaseley's Point, N. J.; locality possibly erroneous; rare; thought to 

be a hybrid. 

2321. Apomotis punctatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Bream; Chinquapin 

perch; Spotted bream. 

South Carolina to Florida. 

Bryttus punctatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist Nat. Poiss., VII, 1831, 
347 (462), no locality, probably Charleston, S. C. 

Bryttus reticulatua Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 348 (463), Charles- 
ton, S. C. 

Lepomis apiatus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XVII, 1877, 65, Volusia, 
Fla. 

2322. Apomotis symmetricus (Forbes) 

Mississippi Valley; Illinois to Louisiana and Texas. 
Lepomis symmetricus Forbes, in Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 
473, Illinois River, 111. 

Genus 796. LEPOMIS Rafinesque. Sunfishes. 

Lepomis Rafinesque, Jour, de Physique, LXXXVIII, 1819, 420 {Labrus 

auritus Linnseus). 
Pomotis Rafinesque, loc. cit., 420 (Labrus auritus Linnajus). 
Icthelis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 27 (Labrus auritus Linnseus). 

2323. Lepomis pallidus (Mitchill). 

New York. 

Labrus palladus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., 1815, 407, 

New York. Misprint for pallidus. 
Lepomis appendix Mitchill, .\mcr. Month. Mag., 1818, 247, New York. 

.\n uncertain species, perhaps based on L. auritus. 

2324. Lepomis auritus (Linnajus). Yellowbelly; Redbreast bream; Sunfish; 

Tobaccobox; Long-eared sunfish; Sun perch; Bream; Redbreast; Black- 
cared pondfish; Flatfish; Flounder; Fresh-water sunfish; Kiver; Leather- 
ear; Leatherwing; Perch; Quiver; Redbelly; Red-bellied bream; Red- 
bellied robin perch; Red-headed bream; Red perch; Red sunfish; Red- 
tailed bream; Red-tailed pomotis; Roach; Robin; Robin perch; Yellow 
perch; River stinfish; Horned-eared sunfish. 

Maine to Virginia; abundant in all streams east of the Alleghenies and 
south of New York. 

Labrus auritus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 283, Philadelphia. 

Bryttus unicolor Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 1831, 
348.(464), Philadelphia and Charleston. 

Pomotis rubri-cauda Storer, Jour. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., IV, 1842, 
177, Concord, N. H. 

Lepomis ophthalmicus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 223. 
224, Roanoke River, Va. 



300 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2325. Lepomis mystacalis Cope. 

East Florida. 

Lepomis mystacalis Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XVII, 1877, 66, east 
Florida. 

2326. Lepomis solis (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Virginia to Louisiana, in coastwise streams. 

Pomotis solis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 1831, 352 (468), 

Lake Pontchartrain, La. 
Pomotis elongatiis Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 

47, pi. 5, fig. 1, St. Johns River, Fla. 

Genus 797. SCLEROTIS Hubbs. 

Sclerotis Hubbs, Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., Pt. I, VI, Jan. 1, 1927, 138 

{Lepomis miniatus Jordan). 

2327. Sclerotis miniatus (Jordan). Red perch. 

Mississippi Valley; southern Illinois to Louisiana and Texas. 

Lepiopomus miniatus Jordan, Bull. LT. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 26, Tangi- 
pahoa River. 

Lepomis gannani Forbes, Bull. 111. Lab. Nat. Hist., 1885, 135, Little 
Fo.^ River at Phillipstown and Wabash River and Drew Pond at 
Carmi, 111. 

Genus 798. ALLOTIS Hubbs. 

Allotis Hubbs, Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., Pt. I, VI, Jan. 1, 1927, 139 {Bryttus 
humilus Girard). 

2328. Allotis humilis (Girard). Red-spotted sunfish; Bream; Orange-spotted 

sun fish; Perch; Sunfish. 

Ohio and Kentucky to the Dakotas, Kansas, and Texas; locally abun- 
dant, especially in the lower Missouri Basin. 

Bryttus humilis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IX, 1857, 201, 
Sugar Loaf Creek, Ark. 

Bryttus oculatus Cope, loc. cit., XVII, 1865, 83, Lake Whittlesey, Minn. 

Lepomis anagallinus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 2d ser., VI, 
January, 1869, 221, Leavenworth, Kans. 

Genus 799. XENOTIS Jordan. 

Xenotis Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 76 (Pomotis 
fallax Baird and Girard). 

2329. Xenotis megalotis (Rafinesque.) Long-eared sunfish; Big-eared sunfish; 

Blackears; Black-tailed sunfish; Bloody sunfish; Bream; Brilliant sun- 
fish; Common sunfish; Eared sunfish; Long-scaled sunfish; Perch; Red- 
bellied bream; Redbelly; Red-eyed sunfish; Small green sunfish; Sun 
perch. 

Michigan to Minnesota, South Carolina, and southward to the Rio 
Grande. 

Icthelis megalotis Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 29, Kentucky, 
Licking, and Sandv Rivers, Kv. 

Pomotis nitida Kirtland, Bost. Jour. Nat. Hist., Ill, 1840, 472, pi. 28, 
fig. 1, Mahoning River, Ohio. 

Pomotis breviceps Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 
1853, 390, Otter Creek, Ark. 

Pomotis fallax Baird and Girard, loc. cit., VII, 1854, 24, Elm Creek, Tex. 

Pomotis convexifrons Baird and Girard, loc. cit., 1854, 24, Rio Cibolo, 
Tex. 

Pomotis nefastus Baird and Girard, loc. cit., 24, Rio Cibolo and Salado 
Creek, Tex. 

Pomotis sanguinolentus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. and Arts, XVII, 1854, 
301, Huntsville, Ala. 

Pomotis inscriptus Agassiz, loc. cit., 1854, 302, Huntsville, Ala. 

Pomotis popeii Girard, Pacific R. R. Surv., X, 1858, 26, headwaters of 
Colorado River, Tex. 

Lepomis peltastes Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, 1870, 454, Huron River, 
Mich. 

Xenotis lythrochloris Jordan, Ann. N. Y. Lye. Nat. Hist., XI, 1876 
(1877), 376, White River. 

Xertolis aureolas Jordan, loc. cit., 376, White River. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 301 

2330. Xenotis occidentalis (Meek). 

Rio Grande Basin in Mexico. 

Lepomis occidentalis Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., Ill, 1902, 118, Rio 

Conches, Mexico. 

Genus 800. HELIOPERCA Jordan. 

Helioperca Jordan, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., XI, 1876 (1877), 355 

(Labrus pallidus Cuvier and Valenciennes; not of MitchiW^ Potnotis 

incisor Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Erichaeta Jordan, Klippart's Rept. Fish Com. Ohio, 1876 (1877), 48 

(Pomatis incisor Cuvier and Valenciennes); uncorrected in proof, 

reading for Helioperca. 

2331. Helioperca incisor (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Bluegill; Blue bream; 

Blue sunfish; Copper-nosed bream: DoUardee; Black-eared pondfish; 

Blue Joe; Blue-mouthed sunfish; Blue perch; Bream; Copper-headed 

bream; Perch; Sunfish. 
Great Lakes to Florida and the Rio Grande. 
Pomotis incisor Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 1831, 

350 (466), New Orleans. 
Pomotis gibbosus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 1831, 351 (467), 

Charle.ston, S. C; not of Linnaeus. 
Pomotis speciosus Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

1854, 24, Brownsville, Tex. 
Pomotis obscurus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XVII, 1854, 302, 

Huntsville, Ala.; specimens almost black. 
Pomotis luna Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IX, 1857, 201, Fort 

Snelling, Minn. 
Lepomis longisjnnis Cope, loc. cit., 1865, 83, Leavenworth, Kans. 
Lepomis ardesiacus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 222, 

Kiskiminitas River, Pa. 
Lepomis purpurascens Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XI, 1870, 454, 

Yadkin River, N. C. 

:2332. Helioperca macrochira (Rafinesflue). Bream; Chain-sided perch; Chain- 
side; Gilded sunfish; Gold perch; Perch; Sunfish. 
Ohio Valley and southwestward to Missouri and Kentucky. 
Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque, Jour, de Physique, LXXXVIII, 
1819, 420, Ohio, Wabash, Green, and Licking Rivers. 

2333. Helioperca nephela (Cope). 

Western Pennsylvania. 

Lepomis nephelus Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 222, 

Kiskiminitas River, western Pennsylvania. Perhaps the same as 

//. macrochira. 

2334. Helioperca marginata (Holbrook). 

Florida. 

Pomotis marginatus Holbrook, Jour. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 
49, PI. VI, fig. 2, St. Johns River, Fla. This and the remaining species 
here referred to Helioperca are of uncertain value and of doubtful 
relatioii.ship. 

2335. Helioperca haplognatha (Cope). 

Monterey, Nuevo Leon. Mexico. 

Lepomis haplognathus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XXII, 1884 (1885), 
16.S, Mf)iit('rey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 

2336. Helioperca botnbifrons (.Agassiz). 

Tennessee River. 

Pomotis bombijrona Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. and Arts, XVII, 1854, 
:«W, Huntsville, Ala. 

Genus 801. XYSTROPLITES Jordan. 

Xystroplites Jordan, liull. X, U. S. Nat. Mus., 1877, 24 {X. gillii Jordan = 
Pomotis pallidua AgassizJ. 

6424°— 29 20 



302 (7. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2337. Xystroplites pallidus (Agassiz). 

Georgia to Texas. 

Pomotis pallidus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1854, 303 (name pre- 
occupied in Lepomis by Labrus palladus Mitchill, but not in Eupo- 
motis) . 

Bryitus albulns Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IX, 1857, 200, Rio 
Blanco, Tex. 

Xystroplites gillii Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 24, "Garden 
Key, Florida"; evidently an error, as there is no fresh-water stream 
on Garden Key. 

Lepomis lirus McKay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 89; name a 
substitute for pallidus. 

Genus 802. EUPOMOTIS Gill and Jordan. 

Eupo77iotis Gill and Jordan, Field and Forest, II, 1877, 190 {Sparus 
aureus Walbaum = Perca gibbosa Linnaius). 

2338. Eupomotis heros (Baird and Girard). 

Southern Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to Florida and the Rio Grande 

Basin. 
Pomotis heros Baird and Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 

March, 1854, 25, Rio Cibolo, Tex. 
Pomotis notatus Agassiz, Amer. Jour. Sci. and Arts, XVII, 1854, 302, 

Huntsville, Ala. 

2339. Eupomotis holbrookii (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Yelloiv bream; 

Shellcracker; Strawberry bass; Branch perch. 
Virginia to Florida. 
Pomotis holbroockii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 

1831, 350 (466), Charleston, S. C. Misprint for holbrookii. 
Pomotis speciosus Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 48, 

pi. 5, fig. 2, St. Johns River, Fla.; not of Baird and Girard. 
Pomotis microlophus Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 264, St. Johns River, Fla. 

2340. Eupomotis longimanus (Cope). 

Florida to Alabama. 

Xystroplites longimanus Cope, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, XVII, 1877, 66, 
Volusia and Port Bay, Fla. Perhaps identical with E. holbrookii. 

2341. Eupomotis gibbosus (Linnseus). Common sunfish; Bream; Pumpkin- 

seed; Sunjish; Sunny; Crapet jaune; Female perch; Flatfish; Flounder; 

Harlequin roach; Kiver; Northern pomotis; Perch; Pond perch; Quiver; 

Redbelly; Roach; Robin; Robin perch; Ruff; Sand perch; Sun bass; 

Tobaccobox; Yellowbelly; Yellow perch. 
Great Lakes region to Maine and southward to Florida, east of the 

AUeghenies. 
Perca gibbosa Linnseus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 293, Carolinas; after 

Perca fluviatilis gibbosa, ventre luteo, of Catesby. 
Sparus aureus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 290, lakes of New York. 
Morone maculata Mitchill, Fishes of New York, 1814, 18, near New 

York City. 
Pomotis vulgaris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 

67 (91), Lake Huron, New York, Virginia, and the Carolinas. 
Pomotis ravenelii Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., VII, 1831, 349 

(465), Philadelphia. 
Pomotis catesbei Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 352 (469), Phila- 
delphia. 

Genus 803. CHiENOBRYTTUS Gill. 

Ch^nobryttus Gill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XXXVII, 1864, 92 (Calliurus 

melanops Girard — Pomotis gulosus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Glossoplites Jordan, Man. Vert., ed. 1, 1876, 223 {Calliurus melanops 

Girard) . 

2342. Chsenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). War mouth; Goggle- 

eye; Bigmouth; Big-mouthed sunfish; Black sunfish; Black warmouth; 
Bream; Buffalo bass; Chub; Jugmouth; Moremouth bream; Mud chub; 
Perch; Perchmouth bream; Redeye; Sac-a-lait; Sunfish; Sun trout; War- 
mouth perch; Warmouth bream; Wide-mouthed sunfish; Yawmouth 
perch; Indianfish. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 303 

Eastern United States, from the Great Lakes to Florida and Texas, 

west to Kansas and the Dakotas; chiefly west or south of the AUe- 

ghenies; common in South Carolina. 
Pomotis gulosus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 

367 (498), Lake Pontchartrain and lagoons about New Orleans. 
Calliurus floridensis Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 

53, PI. VI, fig. 1, St. Johns River, Fla. 
Calliurus melanops Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IX, 1857, 200, 

Lepomis gillii Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 222, 225, 

Texas. 
Lepomis charybdis Cope, loc. cit., 223, Texas. 
Chsenobryttus antistius McKay, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 88, 

Lake Michigan. 

Genus 804. AMBLOPLITES Rafinesque. Rock basses. 

Ambloplites Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 33 (Lepomis idheloides 
Rsi^nesque = Bodia7ius rupestris Rafinesque). 

2343. Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque). Common rock bass; Redeye; Goggle- 

eye; Redeye perch; Bream; Bronzed centrarchus; Crapet mondoux; Crapet 
noir; Crapet vert; Fresh-water bass; Lake bass; Red-eyed bream; Red- 
eyed sunfish; Sunfish; Sunfish bass; Sun perch; White bass. 

Vermont to Great Lakes region and Manitoba, south to Louisiana; 
very abundant west of the Alleghenics. 

Bodianus rupestris Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., II, 1817, 120, 
Lakes of New York, Vermont, and Canada. 

Icthelis erythrops Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 29, Ohio River. 

Lepomis idheloides Rafinesque, loc. cit., 32, Ohio River. 

Cichla xnea LeSueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., II, 1822, 214, Lake 
Ontario. 

Centrarchus pentacanthus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
Ill, 1829, 65 (88), Wabash River. 

2344. Ambloplites cavifrons Cope. Southern rock bass. 

Roanoke River, Va. 

Ambloplites cavifrons Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 217, 
Roanoke River, Va. 

Genus 805. ARCHOPLITES Gill. 

Archoplites Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 105 (Cen- 
trarchus interruptus Girard). 

2345. Archoplites interruptus (Girard). Sacramento perch. 

Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, Calif. 

Centrarchus interruptus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 

129, San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers, Calif. 
Centrarchus marulosus Ayrcs, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., I, 1854, 7, 

Sacramento River. 

Genus 806. ACANTHARCHUS Gill. 

Acantharchus Gill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XXXVI, 1864, 92 (Centrarchus 
pomotis Baird). 

2346. Acantharchus pomotis (Baird). Mud sunfish; Bass sunfish; Mud bass; 

Mud perch. 
Southern New York to South Carolina. 
Centrarchus pomotis Baird, Ninth Smiths. Rept., 1855, 325, New Jersey, 

New York. 

Genus 807. MESOGONISTIUS Gill. 

M esogonistius Gill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XXXVII, 1864, 92 (Pomotis 
chsetodon Baird). 

2347. Mesogonistius chsetodon (Baird). Black-banded sunfish. 

New Jersey to Maryland. 

Pomotis chxlodon Baird, Ninth Smiths. Kept., 1855, 324, Cedar Swamp 
Creek, N. J. 

Genus 808. ENNEACANTHUS Gill. 

Enneacarithus Gill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XXXVII, 1864, 92 (Pomotis 
obesus Baird). 



304 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Hemioplites Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 2d ser., VI, 1868, 217 
(//. simulans CoTpe = Enneacanthus gloriosus; abnormal example with 
A. IV, the dorsal erroneously stated to be X. 

Copelandia Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 56 (C. 
eriarcha Jordan, an abnormal example with D. X; A. IV, of Ennea- 
canthus gloriosus) . 

2348. Enneacanthus obesus (Girard). Banded sunfish; Little bream; Little 

simjish; Spotted sunfish; Rock sunfish. 
Charles River, Mass., to Florida. 
Pomotis obesus Girard, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., V, 1854, 40, waters 

about Hingham and in branch of Charles River at HoUiston, Mass. 
Bryttus fasciatus Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 51, 

PI. V, fig. 3, St. Johns River, Fla. 
Pomotis guttatus Morris, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XI, 1859, 3, 

Delaware River, Philadelphia. 

2349. Enneacanthus gloriosus (Holbrook). Blue-spotted sunfish; Little 

sunfish; Spotted-finned sunfish; Spotted sunfish. 
Atlantic States; New York to Florida. 
Bryttus gloriosus Holbrook, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ill, 1855, 

52, PI. V, fig. 4, Cooper River, S. C. 
Hemioplites simulans Cope, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VI, 1868, 

217, Tuckahoe Creek near Richmond, Va. ; abnormal examples. 
Enneacanthus pinniger Gill and Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 

1877, 27, Tar River, Kinston, N. C. 
Enneacanthus margarotis Gill and Jordan, loc. cit., 28, Beaseleys 

Point, N. J. 
Copelandia eriarcha Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXIX, 1877, 

56, Menominee River, Wis.; evidently an error, an abnormal 

example; the locality for New Jersey. 

Genus 809. CENTRARCHUS Cuvier and Valenciennes. Round basses. 
Centrarchus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 62 
(84) {Labrus irideus Lacepede = La6nis macropterus Lacepfede). 

2350. Centrarchus macropterus (Lac^pede). Round sunfish; Flier; Flying 

perch; Large-finned bass; Long-finned sunfish; Many-spined sunfish; 
Millpond perch; Perch; Round bass; Sac-a-lait; Shining bass; Sunfish. 

Lowland streams from Virginia southward to Florida and Louisiana; 
northward in the Mississippi Valley to southern Illinois. 

Labrus macropterus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 432, Charles- 
ton, S. C. 

Labrus irideus Lacijpfede, loc. cit., IV, 716, Charleston, S. C. 

Genus 810. POMOXIS Rafinesque. Crappies. 

Pomoxis Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag., IV, 1818, 41 (Pomoxis 

ajinularis Rafinesque) . 
Hyperistius Gill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 1864, 92 {Centrarchus hexa- 

canthus Cuvier and Valenciennes = La6rws sparoides Lac6pede). 

Subgenus POMOXIS Rafinesque. 

2351. Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque. Crappie; Bachelor; Sac-a-lait; Neio- 

light; Camphe.llite; Crapet; Bachelor perch; Bridge perch; Chinquapin 

perch; Goggle-eye; Goldring; John demon; Pale crappie; Papermouth; 

Shad; Silver perch; Speckled perch; Strau^berry perch; Suckley perch; 

Timber crappie; Tinmouth; Tin perch; White crappie; White perch. 
Eastern United States, from the Great Lakes south to Texas and west 

to Kansas and Nebraska. Introduced into Columbia River and 

other waters on the Pacific coast. 
Pomoxis annularis Rafincs(}ue, Amer. Month. Mag., IV, 1S18, 41, 

falls of the Ohio River. 
Cichla sloreria Kirtland, Rept., Zool. Ohio, 1838, 191, Ohio River. 
Pomoxis nitidus Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., IX, 1857, 200, 

Houston River, Ky. 
Pomoxys brevicauda Gill, loc. cit., XVII, 1865, 64, North Grand River, 

Mo.' 
Pomoxys inlermedius Gill, loc. cit., 65, no locality. 
Pomoxys prolacanthus Gill, loc. cit., 66, Tarboro, N. C. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 305 

Subgenus HYPERISTIUS Gill. 

2352. Pomoxis sparoides (Lacepede). Calico bass; Grass bass; Barfish; 

Straicberry bass; Bachelor; Banklick bass; BiUerhead; Calico bream; 

Chinquapin perch; Crapct; Crappie; Dolly Varden; Goggle-eye; Lake 

bass; Lake Erie bass; Millpond flier; Razorback; Roach; Rockfish; 

Sand perch; Silver bass; Silver perch; Speckled bass; Spotted perch; 

Spotted trout; Straw bass; Sun perch; Tinmouth; White perch; Black 

crappie. 
Great Lakes and upper Mississippi Valley to New Jersey and southward to 

Florida, Louisiana, and Texas. Introduced into Pacific coast streams. 
Labrus sparoides Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 517 and 518, 

South Carolina. 
Cantharus nigro-maculatus LeSueur, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. 

Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 65 (88), Wabash River. 
Centrarchus hcxacanthus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

VII, 1831, 344 (459), Charleston, S. C. 
Hyperistius carolinensis Gill, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, XXXVI, 1864, 93, 

South Carolina. 

Family 190. ELASSOMID-ffi 

Genus 811. ELASSOMA Jordan. 

Elassoma Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 50 {E. zonata Jordan). 
Elassosoma Boulenger; attempted correction but the name is from 
tXaaacji^a, a diminution. 

2353. Elassoma zonatum Jordan. Pigmy sunfish. 

Southern Illinois to Texas and Alabama. 

Elassoma zonata Jordan, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., X, 1877, 50, Little Red 
River, White County, Ark. 

2354. Elassoma evergladei Jordan. Everglades pigmy sunfish. 

Swanii)s of soul horn (Jeorgia and Fiorifla; locally common in dark 

waters tributary to the Everglades. 
Elassoma errrnladei Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 323, St. 

Johns and Suwanee Rivers, Fla. 

Family 191. KUHLIID.ffi. Mountain bass; Sesele 

Genus 812. SAFOLE Jordan. 

Sajole Jordan, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XLII, 1912, 655 (Dulcs taeniurus 
Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2355. Safole taeniura (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Galapagos anrl Revillagigedo archijielagoes; locally common; South 
Seas and Hawaii to Japan; throughout the warm parts of the Pacific, 
in the open sea, away from coral reefs; not in California. 

Dules t;rniurus ('uvier and Valencieimes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 
85 (114), Java. 

Kuhlia arge Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XII, 1889, 
159, Chatham Island, Galai)agos. 

Family 192. CENTROPOMID.a:. Robalos 

Genus 813. CENTROPOMUS Lacepede. Robalos. 

Centropomus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 248 (lucioperca 
undecimalis, etc.; restricted to Scisena undecimalis Bloch by Cuvier 
and Valenciennes). 

Oxylabrnx Bleeker, Archiv Neerl., XI, 1876, 264 (same type Centro- 
pomus being restricted to the first species named by Lac6p^de). 

2356. Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch). Robalo; Sergeantfish; Snook; 

Brochet de mrr. 
Coasts of P'lorida and Texas, southward among the West Indies to 

Surinam or beyond; Bay of Panama. 
Scisena undecimalis Bloch, Naturgeschich. Ausl. Fische, VI, 1792, 60, 

Jamaica. 
Centropomous vndecim rndiatus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poi.ss., IV, 1802, 

268; after Bloch. 
Percu louhina Lacepede, loc. cit., 397, Cayenne. 

Sphyrxna aureoviridis Lac6pede, loc. cit., V, 1803, 324, Martiiii(|ue. 
Centropomus appendiculatus Pocy, Mcmorias, II, 1860, 119, Cuba. 



306 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2357. Centropomus viridis Lockington. Robalo. 

Pacific coast of Mexico; comnaon from Gulf of California to Panama. 
Centropomus viridis Lockington, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., VII, 1876 

(1877), 110, off Ascension Island, Lower California. Probably not 

separable from C. undecimalis. 

2358. Centropomus nigrescens Giinther. Robalo prieto. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; generally common from Mazatlan to 

Panama. 
Centropomus nigrescens Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (Mar. 22), 

144, Chiapam. 

2359. Centropomus pedimacula Poey. Constantino de las aletas prietas; 

Robalito de las aletas prietas. 
Both coasts of tropical America; common in Cuba; Jamaica; south to 

Brazil. 
Centropomus pedimacula Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 122, Habana and 

Cienfuegos, Cuba. 
Centropomus medius Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864; 144, 

Chiapam. 
Centropomus cuvieri Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris, IX, 1868, 91, Haiti. 
Centropomus grandoculatus Jenkins and Evermann., Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., XI, 1888, 139, Guaymas, Sonora. Probably distinct. 

2360 Centropomus parallelus Poey. 

Coasts of Cuba; San Domingo, Jamaica, Barbados, and Rio Chagres; 

Guiana, Pernambuco, and Bahia; Porto Rico. 
Centropomus parallelus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 120, Habana and 

Cienfuegos, Cuba. 
Centropomus mexicanus Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris, IX, 1868, 90, 

Gulf of Mexico. 

2361. Centropomus pectinatus Poey. 

Coasts of Cuba. 

Centropomus undecimalis Cuvier and Valenciennes (part; not of Bloch), 
Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 102 (Centropomus pectinatus Poey, Memo- 
rias, II, 1861, 121; Habana and Cienfuegos, Cuba. 

2362. Centropomus unionensis Bocourt. 

Pacific coast of Central America; rather common at Panama. 
Centropomus unionensis Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris, IX, 1868, 90, 
La Union, San Salvador. 

2363. Centropomus armatus Gill. 

Pacific coast of Central America; common from Chiapas to Panama. 
Centropomus armatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 163, 
Panama. 

2364. Centropomus robalito Jordan and Gilbert. Constantino; Robalito 

las aleias amarillas. 
Pacific coast of Mexico, from Mazatlan to Panama. 
Centropomus robalito Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 

1881, 462, Mazatlan; Acapulco. 

2365. Centropomus ensiferus Poey. 

West Indies; generally common from Cuba to Surinam. 
Centropomus ensiferus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 122, Habana. 
tCentropomus brevis Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 145, 

locality unknown, tropical America. 
Centropomus affinis Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, I, 1864, 1, pi. 1, 

fig. 1, Rio Janeiro and Cajutuba; Dcmerara, Guiana. 
Centropomus scaber Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat., 5 ser., IX, 1868, 90, marshes 

of Belize. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 307 

Family 193. MORONID^ffl. White bass 

Genus 814. ROCCUS Mitchill. Striped bass. 

Roccus Mitchill, Fishes of New York, 1814, 24 (R. striatus Mitchill = 
Sdxna lineata Bloch). 

2366. Roccus saxatilis ^ (Walbaum). Striped bass; Rockfish; Rock; Mis- 

suckeke-kequock. 
Atlantic coasts of North America from New Brunswick to Escambia 

River, Fla.; introduced by the U. S. Fish Commission into Sacramento 

River, Calif. 
Perca saxatilis Walbaum, Artedi Gen. Pise, 1792, 330, New York. 
Perca septentrionalis Bloch and Schneider, Systema Ichthyol., 1801, 90, 

New York. 
Roccus striatus Mitchill, Rep. Fishes N. Y., 1814, 24, New York. 
Perca mitchilli Mitchill, Trans.' Lit. Phil. See. N. Y., I, 1815, 413, pi. 3, 

fig. 4, New York. 
Perca mitchilli alternata Mitchill, loc. cit., 415, New York. 
Perca mitchilli interrupta Mitchill, loc. cit., 415, New York. 

Genus 815. LEPIBEMA Rafinesque. 

Lepibema Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 23 (Perca chrysops Rafi- 
nesque). 

2367. Lepibema chrysops (Rafinesque). White bass; White lake bass; some- 

times silver bass at Sandusky, Ohio. 
Great Lakes region, upper Mississippi and Ohio Valleys, south to 

Washita River. 
Perca chrysops Rafinesque, Ichth. Ohiensis, 1820, 22, falls of the Ohio. 
Labrax viuUilineatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 

1830, 360 (488), Wabash River. 
Labrax notatus Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., Ill, 1836, 8, lower St. 

Lawrence River. 
Labrax albidus DeKay, N. Y. Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 13, pi. 51, fig. 165, 

Buffalo, N. Y. 
Labrax osculatii FiHppi, Rev. et. Mag. de Zoologie, 2d series, V, 1853, 

164, Canada. 

Genus 816. CHRYSOPERCA Fowler. 

Chrysoperca Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 250 
(Morone interrupta Gill). 

2368. Chrysoperca interrupta (Gill). Yellow bass. 

Lower Mississippi Valley north to Cincinnati, Terre Haute, and St, 

Louis. 
Morone interrupta Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XII, 1860, 118, 

St. Louis; New Orleans. 
Morone mississippiensis Jordan and Eigenmann, Proc. Acad. Nat. 

Sci. Phila., XXXIX, 1887, 295; substitute for Morone interrupta, 

preoccupied in Roccus, not in Morone nor in Chrysoperca. 

Genus 817. MORONE Mitchill. White perch. 

Morone Mitchill, Fishes of New York, 1814, 17 {M. pallida Mitchill= 
Perca amcricana Gniclin). 

2360. Morone americana (Gmelin). White perch; Silver perch; Sea perch. 

Atlantic coast of North America from Nova Scotia to South Carolina 

in brackish water, ascending streams, and frequently landlocked in 

ponds. 
Perca americana Gmelin, Syst. Nat., I, III, 1789, 1308, New York; 

after Schopf. 
Perca immaculata Walbaum, Artedi Genera Piscium, 1792, 330, New 

York; after Schopf. 
Morone rufa Mitchill, Rep. Fishes N. Y., 1814, 18, New York. 
Morone pallida Mitchill, loc. cit., 17, New York. 
ICentropomus albus Rafinesque, Pr6cis dcs Ddcouvertes Somiolog., 

1814, 19, Philadelphia. 

•' This species is usually called Roccus lintatus after Scisrna lineata Bloch (Ausliindische Fisclie, VI, 
1792, 62); but it can not be the same. The form, serrse of the preopercle, and the stout spines of the fin, 
as well as the asserted locality ("Mediterranean") indicate that the species concerned is DicentraTchus 
lupu$ of Europe. The only resemblance to Roccut is found in the striped color; but Uloch says that the 
■tripes on the sides are yellow. 



308 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Perca mucronata Rafinesque, Amer. Month. Mag. and Crit. Rev., II, 
1818, 204, Delaware, Schuylkill, and Susquehanna Rivers. 

Lahrax nigricans DeKay, Nat. Hist. N. Y., Fishes, 1842, 12, pi. 50, 
fig. 160, Long Island. 

Family 194. EPINEPHELID.^. Sea basses, groupers, garrupas, etc. 

Genus 818. STEREOLEPIS Ayres. Jeitfishes. 

Stereolepis Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1859, 28 (S. gigas 

Ayres) . 
Megaperca Hilgendorf, Sitzb. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin, 1878, 
155 (Af. ishinagi Hilgendorf). 

2370. Stereolepis gigas A3Tes. California jewfish. 

Coast of California, north to the Farallons. 

Stereolepis gigas Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1859, 28, 

southern California. 
Stereolepis californicus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 

330, California; substitute for S. gigas, supposed to be preoccupied 

in this genus. 

Genus 819. POLYPRION Cuvier. Wreckfishes. 

Polyprion Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 1, II, 1817, 282 (1 Amphiprion 
americanus Bloch and Schneider). 

2371. Polyprion americanus (Bloch and Schneider). Wreckfish; Stone bass; 

Cernicr. 

Gulf stream; Grand Banks and New Jersey; also in Europe if P. 
massiliensis is the same, which is not certain. 

Amphiprion americanus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 
205, pi. 47; based on a drawing sent by Latham to Schneider repre- 
senting some fish called in America "Girom"; called Amphiprion 
australis on pi. 47. 

IScorpaena massiliensis Risso, Ichth. Nice, 1810, 184, Marseilles. 

tPolyprion cernium Cuvier, M6m. du Museum, XI, 1824, 265, PL XVII, 
France. 

IHolocentrus gulo Risso, Europe M^rid., Ill, 1826, 367, Nice. 

ISerranus couchii Yarrell, British Fishes, ed. 1, I, 1836, 12, Great 
Britain. 

Genus 820. GONIOPLECTRUS Gill. Spanish flags. 

Gonioplrctrus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 236, 237 
{Plectropoma hispanum Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2372. Gonioplectrus hispanus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Spanish flag; 

Ouatilif)i espagnol; Biajaiba de lo alto. 
West Indies; Cut)a. 
Plectropoma hispanum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

II, 1828, 298 (396), Martinique. 

Genus 821. PETROMETOPON Gill. Enjamhre. 

Petrometopon Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 105 
{Perca guttatus Toey = Sparus cruentatus Lacepdde). 

2373. Petrometopon cruentatus (LacdpSde). Enjambre; Coney; Rock hind. 

West Indian fauna, Brazil to Florida Keys; very common on Cuba 
coast. 

Sparus cruentatus Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 156, Marti- 
nique; on a copy of Plumier's drawing. 

IPcrca guttata Bloch, Ichthyol., 1792, 312, Martinique, not of Linnaeus. 

Saranus apiarius Poe}'^, Mcmorias, II, 1861, 143, Habana. 

2374. Petrometopon cruentatus coronatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Brown hind; Pclile negre. 
West Indies, north to Key West. 
Serranus coronatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 278 (371), Martinique. 

2375. Petrometopon panamensis (Steindachner). 

Panama. 

Serranus panamensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., IV, 1875, 1, with 
plate, Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 



309 



Genus 822. CEPHAIOPHOLIS Bloch and Schneider. 

Cephalopholis Bloch and Schneider, Sj-st. Ichth., 1801, 311 (C argus 

Bloch and Schneider). 
Uriphaeton Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 202 

{Serranus^* phaeton Cuvier and Valenciennes = C/. microleptes 

Swainson) . 
Enneacentrus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 105 

{Serranns ouatalibi Cuvier and Valenciennes = Lo6r«s/uZr!<s Linnaeus). 
Bodianus Bloch, in part, restricted by Cuvier and Valenciennes to 

Bodia7iits guttatus, etc., later restricted to Bodianus bodianus = Harpe 

rufa through tautonymy. 

2376. Cephalopholis f ulvus " (Linnaeus). Guativere; Niggerfish; Yellowfish; 

Butterfiah; Lemon-yellow butterfish; Guativere amarilla. 
West Indies; Bermuda and Florida Keys to Bahia. 
Labrus fulvus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 287, Bahamas; after 

Catesby. 
Guativere amariilas Parra, Descr. Dif. Piezas, Hist. Nat. Cuba, 8 lam., 

V, 1787, fig. 2, Cuba. 
Holocentrus auratus Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1790, 75, 

East Indies. 
Bodianus guativere Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 336 (after 

Parra's figure). 

2377. Cephalopholis fulvus ruber (Bloch and Schneider). Red guativere; 

Ouatilibi; Rock hind. 
West Indies, etc.; very common. 
Gymnocephalus ruber Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 346, 

pi. 67, on Carauna of Marcgrave; not Epinephelus ruber Bloch. 
Serranus ouatalibi Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

286 (381), Habana. 
Serranus carauna Cuvier and Valenciennes, loo. cit., 288 (384), no 

locality given. 



2378. 



2379. 



Cephalopholis fulvus punctatus (Linnaeus). Niggerfish; Negrofish; 

Black guativere. 
West Indies, etc.; everywhere common. 
Perca punctata Linna'us, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 291, Bahamas; based 

on Catesbv. 



Cephalopholis stellatus (Blosser). 
St. Croix. 
Bodianus stellatus Blosser, Ann. Carnegie Mus., VI, 1909, 297, St. Croix. 

2380. Cephalopholis taeniops (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

West coast of Africa, straying to Florida. 

Serranus tseniops Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 
277 (370), Cape Verde Islands. 

Genus 823. MENEPHORUS Poey. 

Mmephnrus Pucy, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1871, 50 {Serranus 

dubiua I'oey). 

2381. Menephorus dubius (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Serranus dubius Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 142, Cuba. 

2382. Menephorus punctiferus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Menephorus punctiferus Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 21, Habana. 

Genus 824. ENNEISTUS Jordan and Evermann. 

Enneislus Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 1896, 
1147 {Bodianus acanthistius Gilbert). 

2383. Enneistus acanthistius (Gilbert). 

("ap(; Lobos, eastern shore of Gulf of California. 

Bo'lianus acanthistius Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 5.52, 

Cape Lobos, eastern shore of Gulf of California at Albatross station 

3017, in 58 fathoms. 

•• A spnrlons species, Cephnlopolin nigripinnit to which the tail of a Fistularia had been attached. 
" The various forms here treated as .subspecies seem to inhabit varying depths of water and should be 
regarded rather as forms of C /uleui. 



310 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 825. EPINEPHELUS Bloch. Groupers. 

Epinephelus Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, VII, 1793, 11 (E. marginalis). 
Cerna Bonaparte, Introd. Fauna Italica, III, 1833, pt. 1 {Perca gigas 

Brlinnich). 
Cromileptes Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 201 

{Serranus altivclis Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Cynichthys Swainson, loc. cit., 201 {Perca flavopurpurea Bennett = 

Holocentrus flavocseruleus Lacepede). 
Hyporthodiis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 98 {Serranus 

niveatus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Labroperca Gill, loc. cit., XIV, 1862, 236 {Serranus labrijormis Jenyns). 
Schistoriis Gill, loc. cit., 237 {Serranus mystacinus Poey). 
Merus Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1871, 39 {Serranus gigas 

Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Priacanthichthys Day, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1868, 193 (P. maderaspa- 

tensis Day = Epiyiephelus latefasciatus Temminck and Schlegel). 
Homalogrystes Alleyne and Macleay, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 

1877, 268 {H. guentheri Alleyne and Macleay). 
Hyposerranus Klunzinger, Fische des Rothen Meeres, 1884, 3 {Serranus 

morrhua Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Subgenus SCHISTORUS Gill. 

2384. Epinephelus mystacinus (Poey). Cherna de lo alto. 

West Indies south to Brazil. 

Serranus mystacinus Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 52, Tab. 10, fig. 1, Cuba 

Subgenus EPINEPHELUS Bloch. 

2385. Epinephelus analogus Gill. Cabrilla pinta. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; common on coast of Mexico. 
Epinephelus analogus Gill. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 163, 

Panama. 
ISerranus courtadei Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris, X, 1868, 222, La 

Union, San Salvador. 

2386. Epinephelus adscensionis (Osbeck). Rock hind; Cobra mora. 

West Indies; Florida Keys to Brazil; Ascension and St. Helena Islands; 

Woods Hole, Mass. 
Perca tola Siba, Thesaurus, LII, 1758, Tab. 27. 
Trachinus adscensionis Osbeck, Iter Chin., etc., 1757, and English ed., 

1771, 96, Ascension Island. 
Trachinus punctatus Bonnaterre, Tableau Encycl., 1788, 46; after 

Osbeck. 
Perca stellio Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 349; after Siba. 
IPerca macidnla Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, 1792, 92, Martinique; on a 

figure by Plumier. Name preoccupied in Epinephelus. 
Trachinus osbeck Lacepdde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1800, 364; after 

Osbeck. 
Sparus atlanticus Lacdpede, loc. cit., IV, 1803, 158, pi. 5, fig. 1, Marti- 
nique; on a drawing by Plumier. 
Serranus nigricvlus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 381 (375); Martinique. 
Serranus pixanga Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 288 (383), after 

Pira-Pixanga or Gat-Vichof, Marcgrave, Hist. Brazil, 1648, 152. 
Serranus aspersus Jenyns, Voy. Beagle, Fishes, 1842, 6, Porto Praya, 

St. Jago of the Cape Verde Islands. 
Serranus impetiginosus Miiller and Troschel, Schomburgk's Hist. 

Barb., 1848, 665, Bart)ados. 
"^Serranus varius Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat., X, 1868, 222, Gulf coast of 

Mexico. 

2387. Epinephelus guaza (Linnajus). Merou; MSrou; Guasa. 

Coasts of southern Europe and western Africa, ranging north to England, 
southward to Cape of Good Hope, and westward to Rio Janeiro and 
to Guiana. The American form, E. mentzeli (Cuvier and Valen- 
ciennes), may prove different. 

Labrus guaza Linntcus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 285, "Habitat in Pelago." 

Perca gigas Brunnich, Ichth. Massiliensis, No. 81, 1768, 65, Marseilles. 

Holocentrus merou Lac6pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 377, Marseilles; 
after Brunnich. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 311 

^Serranus mentzelii Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., II, 1828, 216 

(291), coast of Brazil. 
Perca robusta Couch, Mag. Nat. Hist., V, 1832, 21, fig. 7, Polperro, 

Cornwall. 
Serranus marginatus Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., pt. 1, 1833, 142, 

Madeira. 
Serranus fimbriaius Lowe, Trans. Cambr. Phil. Soc, 1836, 195, pi. 1, 

Madeira. 
'iEpinephelus hrachysoma Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 

466, Rio Janeiro. 

2388. Epinephelus labriformis (Jenyns). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Cape San Lucas to Galapagos Islands. 
Serranus labriformis Jenyns, Voyage Beagle, Fishes, 1842, 8, pi. 3, 

Galapagos Islands. 
Epinephelus sellicauda Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

250, Cape San Lucas. 
Epinephelus ordinatus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 466, 

Panama. 

2389. Epinephelus flaVolimbatus Poey. Yellow-finned grouper. 

West Indies, north to Pensacola. 

Epinephelus flavolimbatus Poey, Repertorio, I, 1866, 183, Cuba. 

2390. Epinephelus niveatus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Spotted grouper; 

Snowy grouper. 
West Indies to Brazil, occasionally northward in the Gulf Stream as 

far as Newport, R. I., and Woods Hole, Mass. 
Serrarius niveatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828. 

285 (380), Brazil. 
Serranus margaritifer Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 131, South America. 
Serranus conspersus Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 139, Cuba. 
Hyporthodus flavicauda Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 

98, Newport, R. I. 

2391. Epinephelus striatus (Bloch). Nassau grouper; Hamlet; Cherna 

criolla; Grouper; Rockfish. 

West Indian fauna; Key West to Brazil. 

Cherna Parra, Dif. Piczas, 1787, 50, Habana. 

Anthias striatus Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, VI, 1792, 125, Mar- 
tinique; on figure by Plumier. 

Anthias cherna Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 310, Cuba; 
after Parra. 

Sparus chrysomelanurus Lac<5pdde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 160, 
Martinique; on a copy of Plumier. 

2392. Epinephelus guttatus (Linnaeus). Cabrilla; Red hind. 

West Indies; Carolina to Brazil, occasionally north to Charleston, the 
.Florida Keys, and the Bermudas. 

Perca guttata Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 292, Brazil; after 
Marcgrave, in part, but with a type specimen, examined by Lonn- 
bcrg. 

Cabrilla Parra, Dif. Piczas, Hist. Nat. Cuba, 1787, 93, pi. 36, Habana. 

Lutjanus lunulatus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 329; 
after Parra, not L. lunulatus of Park. 

Serranus catus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat, Poiss., II, 1828, 
1.0 (373), Martinique. 

Serranus maculosus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 332; verified by 
Boulcnger. 

Serranus arara Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 283 (377), Habana. 

Epinephelus cubanus Poey, Repertorio, I, 1866, 202, Cuba. 

Serranus stadthouderi Vaillant, Miss. Sci. Mex., Poiss., 1877, 69, sub- 
stitute for maculosus regarded as preoccupied by maculalus. 

2393. Epinephelus angustifrons (Steindachner). 

Coa.st of Cuba. 

Serranus angustifrons Steindachner, Verh. Ges. Wieu, XIV, 230, PI. 
VII, figs. 2 and 3, 1864, Cuba. 



312 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2394. Epinephelus drummond-hayi Goode and Bean. Speckled hind; 

John paw. 
Bermudas, south Atlantic and Gulf coast of United States: Charleston, 

S. C. 
Epinephelus drummond-hayi Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

I, 1878, 173, 174, Pensacola; Bermuda. 

2395. Epinephelus niphobles Gilbert and Starks. 

Alagdalcna Bay, Lower California. 

Epinephelus niphobles Gilbert and Starks, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIX, 
1896, 442, Magdalena Bay, Lower California. 

Subgenus VIVERO ^^ Jordan and Evermann. 

2396. Epinephelus morio (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Red grouper; Cherna 

americana; Cherna de vivero; Ncgre. 
Atlantic coast of America; Woods Hole to Rio Janeiro. 
Serranus morio Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

211 (285), New York and San Domingo. 
Serranus erythrogaster DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 21, pi. 

19, fig. .52, Florida. 
Serranus remolus Poey, Memorias, II, 1860, 140, Cuba. 

Genus 826. GARRUPA Jordan. Black groupers. 

Garrupa Jordan, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., VIII, 1888 (1890), 353 {Ser- 
ranus nigritus Holbrook). 

2397. Qarrupa nigrita (Holbrook). Black jewfish; Black grouper; Mero de 

lo alto. 
South Atlantic and Gulf coast of the United States, Charleston and 

Pensacola to Cuba and Brazil; perhaps straying to Sicily. 
Serranus nigritus Holbrook, Ichtla. South Carolina, Ed. I, 1855, 173, 

pi. 25, fig. 11, Charleston, S. C. 
Centropristis mcrus Poey, Synopsis Piscium Cubensium, 1868, 288, 

Cuba. 
ICerna sicana Doderlein, l^ivista delle Specie del Genera Epinephelus 

o Cerna, 1882, 81, Palermo. 

Genus 827. PROMICROPS Gill. Guasas. 

Promicrops Gill, in Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 287 (Serranus guasa Poey = 

Itaiara Lichtenstein). 
Itaiara Vaillant and Bocourt, Miss. Sci. Mexique, 1875, 90 (Serranus 

itaiara Lichtenstein). 

2398. Promicrops itaiara (Lichtenstein). Guasa; Spotted jewfish; M&ro. 

Atlantic coast of tropical America, from Florida to Brazil; not uncom- 
mon about rocks. 

Cugupuguacu Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina, 1771, 14; nonbinomial. 

Serranus itaiara Lichtenstein, Abhandl. Berlin Acad. Wiss., 1821 (1822), 
278, Brazil; not Itaiara of Marcgrave. 

Serranus galeus Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk's Reise in Brit. 
Guiana, 1848, 621, Guiana. 

Serranus guasa Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 141; 1861, 354, Cuba. 

2399. Promicrops quinquefasciata (Bocourt). 

Pacific coast of Central America. 

Serranus quinquefasciatus Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat., X, 1868, 223, Nagua- 
late, Pacific coast of Guatemala; verj' close to P. itaiara. 

Genus 828. ALPHESTES Bloch and Schneider. 

Alphestes Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 236 (Epinephelus 

afer Bloch). 
Prospinus Poey, in Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 287 

(Plectropoma chloropterum Cuvier and Ya,\enciennes = Alphestes afer 

Bloch). 

2400. Alphestes afer (Bloch). 

West Indies; Cul)a to Brazil; recorded perhaps doubtfully from Guinea, 

if so, the American species, A. chloropterus, may prove different. 
Epinephelus afer Bloch, Ichthyol., 1793, pi. 327, Acard, in Guinea. 
Plectropoma chloropterum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

II, 1828, 300 (398), San Domingo, Martinique. 

M The subgenus Virero is based on Epinephelus morio (Cuv. & Val.) which differs from all other species 
of Epinephelus in the elevation of the second dorsal spine. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 313 

Plectropoma monacanthus Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk's Hist. 

Barbados, 1847, 665, Barbados. 
tSerranus armatus Osorio, Jour. Sci. Lisbon, III, 1894, 74. 

2401. Alphestes multiguttatus (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Mazatlan to Panama. 
Plectropoma multiguttatum Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1866, 600, 
Panama. 

2402. Alpestes lightfooti (Fowler). 

San Domingo, West Indies. 

Epinephelus lightfooti Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 
258, fig. 3, San Domingo. 

Genus 829. DERMATOLEPIS Gill. 

Dermatolepis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 54 {Derma- 

tolepis punctatus Gill). 
Lioperca Gill, loc. cit., XIV, 1862, 237 {Serranus inermis Cuvier and 

Valenciennes). 

2403. Dermatolepis punctatus Gill. 

West coast of Mexico; Cape San Lucas; the Venados; the Revillagigedos. 
Dermatolepis punctatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 
54, Cape San Lucas. 

2404. Dermatolepis zanclus Evermann and Kendall. 

Key West. 

Dermatolepis zanclus Evermann and Kendall, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., 
XVII, 1897, 129, pi. 8, fig. 9, Key West, Fla, 

Subgenus LIOPERCA Gill. 

2405. Dermatolepis inermis (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

West Indies. 

Serranus inermis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 
322 (436), Antilles. 

Genus 830. TRISOTROPIS GiU. 

Trisntr<,in.-< Gill, Pruc. Acud. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1S65, 104 (Johnius 

gidtatus Bloch and Sclmeidcr = Pcrco vcncnosa Linmeus). 
Archnpcrrn Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 

1S9(), 1171 ( M iicteroperca houlenqcri Jordan and Starks). 

Subgenus ARCHOPERCA Jordan and Evermann. 

2406. Trisocropis boulengeri (Jordan and Starkts). Cabrilla de raizero; Man- 

grinc grouper. 
Mazatlan, Mexico. 
Mycteropcrca boulengeri Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Fishes Sinaloa, 

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., V, 1895, 445, pi. 38, taken in the Astillero at 

Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Subgenus TRISOTROPIS Gill. 

2407. Trisotropis venenosus (Liniiaus). Rockfish; Yellow-finned grouper; 

Bonaci de Pirdra. 
Bahamas, Florida Keys, and southward. 
Perca venenosa Linnseus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 292, Bahamas; after 

Catesby. 
Serranus petrosus Pocy, Memorias, II, 1861, 136, Cuba. 

2408. Trisotropis venenosus apua (Bloch). Bonaci cardenal. 

West Indies, Florida Keys, and southward to Brazil. A red form of 
T. venenosus. 

Bodianns apua Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1790, 50, Brazil; after a 
drawing by Prince Maurice — the same used by Marcgrave. 

Pirali apia \Iarcgrave, Hist. Brasil., 1648, 158, Brazil. 

Bonaci cardenal Parra, Piezas de Hist. Nat. Cuba, 1787, 29, PI. XVI, 
Habana. 

Johnius guttalns Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 77; after 
Parra. 

BodianuH marginatus Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., 331; after Marc- 
grave. 

Serranus rupestris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 
1833, 323 (437), San Domingo. 



314 



O. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



2409. Trisotropis bonaci (Poey). Marbled rockjish; Bonaci arara; Black 

grouper; Aguaji; Bonaci. 
West Indies; Pensacola to Brazil; Woods Hole, Mass. 
Serranus bonaci Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 129, Cuba. 
Serranus brunneus Poey, loc. cit., 131, Cuba. 
Serranus decimalis Poey, loc. cit., 138, Cuba; specimen with ten dorsal 

spines. 
Trisotropis aguaji Poey, Repertorio, II, 1868, 229, Habana. 
Serranus cyclopomatus Poey, Memorias, 1861, 353, Cuba. 
Serranus latepictus Poey, loc. cit., 353, Cuba. 

2410. Trisotropis xanthostictus (Jordan and Swain). 

Snapper Banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

Ah/cteroperca bonaci xanthosiicta Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., VII, 1884, 371, Snapper Banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

2411. Trisotropis jordani (Jenkins and Evermann). Cabrilla de astillero; 

Baya. 
Pacific coast of Mexico from Gulf of California to Mazatlan. 
Epinephelus jordani Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

XI, 1888, 140, Guaymas, Sonora. 

2412. Trisotropis microlepis Goode and Bean. Gog; Aquaji. 

South Atlantic and Gulf coast of United States, north to Virginia, 

south to Pensacola and Key West. 
Trisotropis microlepis Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 

1879, 141, west Florida. 
Trisotropis stomias Goode and Bean, loc. cit., V, 1882, 427, Pensacola; 

Ke}' West. 

2413. Trisotropis interstitialis (Poey). 

Coast of Cuba; Woods Hole, Mass. 

Serranus interstitialis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 127, Cuba. 

Trisotropis chlorostomus Poej', Repertorio, II, 1868, 231, Cuba. 

2414. Trisotropis dimidiatus (Poey). 

Coast of Cuba. 

Serranus dimidiatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 129, Cuba. 

2415. Trisotropis xenarchus (Jordan). 

Pacific coast of Mexico to the Venados Islands near Mazatlan and 

to the Galapagos Archipelago. 
Mycteroperca xenarcha Jordan, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXXIX, 

1887, 387, Galapagos Islands; Payta, Peru. 

Genus 831. MYCTEROPERCA Gill. 

Mycteroperca Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 80 {Serranus 
olfax Jenyns) . 

:^416. Mycteroperca venadorum. Jordan and Starks. Garlopa. 
West coast of Mexico at Mazatlan. 

Mycteroperca venadoruyn Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. 
Acad. Sci., V, 1895, 446, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2417. Mycteroperca bowersi Evermann and Marsh. 

Culebra and Vieques Islands, Porto Rico. 

Mycteroperca bowersi Evermann and Marsh, Bull. Bur. Fish., XX, 1900 
(1902), 158, Culebra Island. 

2418. Mycteroperca hopkinsi Jordan and Rutter. 

Jamaica. 

Mycteroperca hopkinsi Jordan and Rutter, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 
XLIX, 1897, 105, Jamaica. 

2419. Mycteroperca olfax (Jenyns). Yellow grouper; Gourami. 

James Island, Galapagos Archipelago; Panama. 

Serrajius olfax Jenyns, Voyage Beagle, Fishes, 1840, 9, pi. 4, Galapagos 
Islands. 

2420. Mycteroperca rosacea (Streets). Cabrilla calamaria. 

Gulf of California. 

Epinephelus rosaceus Streets, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1877, 51, 
Angel Island, Gulf of California. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 315 

2421. Mycteroperca falcata (Poey). Scamp; Bacalao; Abadejo. 

West Indies, north to Bermuda. 

Serranus falcatus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 138, Habana. 

2422. Mycteroperca phenax Jordan and Swain. Scamp; Bacalao. 

Coasts of southern Florida; abundant about the keys. 
Mycteroperca falcata phenax Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
VII, 1884, 363, Key West, Fla. 

2423. Mycteroperca calliura Poey. 

Coast of Cuba. 

Mycteroperca calliura Poey, Repertorio, I, 1867, 181, Cuba. 

2424. Mycteroperca tigris (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Bonaci gate; Rockfish. 

West Indies, north to Bermuda. 

Serranus tigris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 1833, 

325 (440), San Domingo. 
Serranus felinus Poey, ^lemorias, II, 1861, 134, Habana. 
Serranus repandus Poey, loc. cit., 135, Habana. 
Trisotropis reticulatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XVII, 1865, 

105, Barbados. 

2425. Mycteroperca camelopardalis (Poey). 

West Indies. 

Serranus camelopardalis Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 132, Cuba, a bright 
red form, otherwise similar to M. tigris. 

Genus 832. XYSTROPERCA Jordan and Evermann. 

Xystroperca Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 1181 {Mycteroperca pardalis Gilbert). 

2426. Xystroperca pardalis (Gilbert). Cabrilla pirilita. 

Gulf of California. 

Mycteroperca pardalis Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 551, 
La Paz Bay, Lower California. 

Genus 833. PAREPINEPHELUS Bleeker. 

Parepinephelus Blocker, Systema Pcrcarum Revisum, in Archiv Neer. 
des Sci. Exet. Nat., XI, 1875, 1870, 257 (Serranus acutirostris Cuvier 
and Ya.lencicBncs = Epinephelus ruber Bloch). 

2427. Parepinephelus acutirostris (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Scirenga. 

West Indies, Brazil, Mediterranean Sea, and islands of the eastern 

Atlantic. 
lEpinephelus ruber *' Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fi.sche, VII, 1793, 22, pi. .330, 

"Japan"; probably from the Mediterranean. 
Serranus acutirostris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 212 (286), Brazil. 
Serranus undulosus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 219 (295), Brazil. 
Serranus tinea Cantraine, "Nouv. Mem. Ac. Brux., XI, 1831," Naples. 
Serranus fuscus Lowe, Trans. Cambr. Philos. Soc, VI, 1838, 196, 

Madeira. 
Cerna nebulosa Cocco, "Indice Pesci. Messina, Gen. 45, sp. 2," 1844, 

Messina. 
Cerna macrogenis Sassi, "Descr. Genovseil Genovasato, I, 139," 1846, 

Genoa. 
Serranus emarginatus Valenciennes, Ichth. lies Canaries, 1839, 10, 

Canary Islands. 
Epinephelus chalinius Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 465, 

St. Martins. 
Cerna acutirostris lata Doderlein, loc. cit., 74, Palermo. 

Genus 834. CHORISTISTIUM Gill. 

Chorislistinm Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 15 [Liopro- 
poma rubra Poey). 

2428. Chorististium rubrura (Poey). 

Coast of Cuba. 

Liopropoma rubre Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 418, Habana. 

»■ TheoriKinal type of E. ruber has 24 gill rakers; all others examined (Athem, Brazil) have 30 to 36; for 
these we retain the name acutiroitTi* pending investigation. 



316 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

Genus 835. IIOPROPOMA Gill. 

Liopropoma Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 52 {Perca 
aberrans Poey). 

2429. Liopropoma aberrans (Poey). 

Coast of Cuba. 

Perca aberrans Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 125, Cuba. 

2430. Liopropoma longilepis Garman. 

Eastern Pacific in deep water. 

Liopropoma longilepis Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1889, 
47, lat. 7° 30' N., long. 78° 34' W. 

Genus 836. RYPTICUS Cuvier. Soapfishes. 

Rypticus Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 144 (Anthias saponaceus 
Bloch and Schneider). 

Smecticus Valenciennes, Ichth. Voy. Viuus, 1855, 305 (S. bicolor Val- 
enciennes) . 

Eleutheractis Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 467 {E. coriaceus 
Cope) . 

Phijpticus authors, corrected spelling. 

2431. Rypticus saponaceus (Bloch and Schneider). Soapfish; Jabon; Jabon- 

cillo. 
West Indies; Pensacola to west Africa and Brazil. 
Jaboncillo Parra, Difer. Piezas de Hist. Nat., 1787, 51, lam. 24, fig. 2, 

Habana. 
Anthias saponaceus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 310, 

Habana. 

2432. Rypticus arenatus Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

West Indies and coast of Brazil; recorded from Jamaica, Trinity, 

Barbados, and St. Thomas. 
Rypticus arenatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 

48 (65), pi. 46, Brazil. 
IRhypticus subbifrenatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 

53, St. Thomas. 
TRhypticus nigromaculalus Steindachner, Ichth. Notiz., VI, 1867, 42, 

Barbados; dorsal with four spines instead of three. 

2433. Rypticus coriaceus (Cope). Black soapfish. 

West Indies; recorded from St. Martins and Jamaica. 
Eleutheractis coriaceus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1870 (1871), 
467, St. Martins. 

2434. Rypticus xanti (Gill). 

Pacific coast of Mexico, from Cape San Lucas to Colima and Mazatlan. 
Rhypticus xanti Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 250, Cape 
San Lucas. 

2435. Rypticus bicolor (Valenciennes). 

Galapagos Archipelago. 

Smecticus bicolor Valenciennes, Voy. V4mis, Poissons, 1855, 307, pi. 2, 
fig. 2, Galapagos Archipelago. 

Genus 837. PROMICROPTERUS Gill. 

Promicropterus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 53 {Rhyp- 
ticus maculatus \lo\\)x-ook = Bodianus bistrispinus Mitchill). 

2436. Promicropterus bistrispinus (Mitchill). Soapfish. 

South Atlantic coast of United States; frequent off Charleston, Pensa- 
cola, and Key West; Porto Rico; occasional as far north as Newport, 
R. I. 

Bodianus bis-irispinus Mitchill, Amer. Month. Mag. and Crit. Review, 
II, February, 1818, 247, Straits of Bahama. 

Rypticus maculatus Holbrook, Ichth. South Carolina, Ed. I, 1855, 39, 
Cape Romain, S. C. 

Rhypticus pituitosus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 
341, Key West, Fla. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 317 

2437. Promicropterus nigripinnis (Gill). 

Pacific coast of tropical America, Cape San Lucas to Panama. 
Rhypticus nigripinnis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 53, 

Panama. 
Rhypticus maculatus Gill, loc. cit., XIV, 1862, 251, Cape San Lucas. 
Promicropterus decor atus Gill, loc. cit., XV, 1863, 164, Panama. 

Family 195. SERRANID^. Sea bass 

Genus 838. PARALABRAX Girard. Cabrillas verdes. 

Paralabrax Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VIII, 1856, 131 (Labrax 
nebulifer Girard). 

2438. Paralabrax nebulifer (Girard). Johnny verde; Kelp bass. 

Southern California, from Monterey to Magdalena Bay. 
Labrax nebulifer Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 142, 
Monterey, Calif. 

2439. Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Steindachner). Spotted cabrilla. 

Pacific coast of America from Lower California to San Pedro and 

Mazatlan. 
Scrranus maculatofasciatus Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VII, 1868, 5, 

Mazatlan, Mexico. 
7Serranus acanthophorus Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Nat., X, 1870, 223, Pacific 

coast of Mexico. 

2440. Paralabrax humeralis (Cuvicr and Valenciennes). 

Pacific coast of South America; Panama to Juan Fernandez. 

Serranus humeralis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 183 (246), Chile. 
Serranus albomaculatus Jenyns, Zool. Beagle, Fishes, 1840, 3, pi. 2, 

Galapagos Archipelago. 
?Serranus semifasciatus Guichenot, in Gay, Hist. Chile, II, 1847, 151, 

pi. 1, fig. 2, Juan Fernandez. 

2441. Paralabrax clathratus (Girard). Cabrilla; Rock bass. 

Coast of southern California, from San Francisco to Cedros Island. 
Labrax clathratus Girard, Proc. Acad.. Nat. Sci. Phila., VII, 1854, 143, 
San Diego. 

Genus 839. CRATINUS Steindachner. 

Cratinns Steindachner, Ichth. Bcitr., VII, 1878, 19 (C. agassizii Stein- 
dachner). 

2442. Cratinus agassizii Steindachner. 

Galapagos Archipelago. 

Cratinus agassizii Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., VII, 1878, 19, Galapagos 
Islands. 

Genus 840. CENTROPRISTES Cuvier and Valenciennes. Black sea bass. 
Cenlropristes Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 
27 (36) (C. nigricans Cuvier and Valenciennes = La6rus striatus 
Linnajus) . 
Centropristis of authors; variation in spelling. 

2443. Centropristes striatus (Linna;u.s). Black sea bass; Blackfish; Tallywag; 

Hannnhill; Black Will; Black Harry; Black perch; Black bass; Bluefish. 
Atlantic coast of United States, Cape Ann to northern Florida. 
Labrus striatus Linnteus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 285, "America"; 

description very brief, but not to be referred to any other fish. 
Perca atraria Linnaius, loc. cit., ed. XII, 1766, 485, Carolina. 
Percafurva VValbaum, Artcdi Pise, 1792, 336, New York; after Schopf. 
Coryphoena nigrescens Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 297, 

New York. 
Lutjanus trilobatus Laccp^de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 246, locality 

unknown. 
Perca varia Mitchill, Trans. Lit. & PhU. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 415, pi. 3, 

fig. 6, New York. 

6424°— 29 21 



318 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2444. Centropristes ocyurus (Jordan and Evermann). Gulf sea bass. 

Gulf of Mexico at Snapper Banks off Pensacola, Fla. 
Serranus ocyurus Jordan and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mils., IX, 
1886, 468, Snapper Banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

2445. Centropristes rufus Cuvier and Valenciennes. Hogfish. 

Martinique. 

Centropristes rufus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 
1829, 35 (47), Martinique. 

Genus 841. TRILOBURUS Gill. 

Triloburus Gill, Cat. Fish. East Coast U. S., Supplement to Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 30 {Perca trifurca Storer= Perca phila- 
delphica Linn^us). 

2446. Triloburus philadelphicus (Linna3us). Rock sea bass; Redfish. 

Coast of South Carolina. 

Perca philadelphica Linnitus, S\'st. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 291, America. 
Perca trifurca Linna-us, loc. cit., ed. XII, 1766, 489, Carolinas. 
Lutjanus trideris Lacopede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 246, Carolinas. 

Genus 842. DIPLECTRUM Holbrook. Sqidrrelfishes. 

Diplectrum Holbrook, Ichth. South Carolina, ed. I, 1855, 32 [Serranus 

fascicularis Cuvier and Valenciennes = Perca formosa Linnajus). 
Haliperca Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 236, (Serranus 

bivittatus Cuvier and Valenciennes = >Serranr<s radialis Quoy and 

Gaimard, and other species). 
Parascrranus Bleeker, Verb. Akad. Amst., XIV, 1873, 6 (P. hasselti 

Bleeker) . 

Subgenus HALIPERCA Gill. 

2447. Diplectrum radiale (Quoy and Gaimard). Aguavina. 

Cuba to Brazil. 

Serranus radialis Quoy and Gaimard, Voyage Uranie, 1824, 316, Rio 

Janeiro. 
Serranus bivittatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

179 (241), Martinique. 
Centropristes ayresi Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VII, 1868, 1, pi. 1, 

fig. 1, Santos, Brazil. 

2448. Diplectrum pacificum Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Diplectrum radiale Gilbert and Starks, Memoir Calif. Acad. Sci., IV, 

1904, 97 (not of Quoy and Gaimard). 
Diplectrum pacificuvi Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 

Zool., XV, Apr. 15, 1925, 477, PI. XLVI, fig. 2, Naos Island, Panama. 

2449. Diplectrum macropoma (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Centropristis macropoma Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 145, 
Panama. 

2450. Diplectrum sciurus Gilbert. , 

Gulf of California. 

Diplectrum sciurus Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIV, 1891, 550, 

Gulf of California at Albatross stations Nos. 3014, 3021, 3026, and 

3033, all in shallow water. 

2451. Diplectrum euryplectrum Jordan and Bollman. 

Coast of Coloml)ia, southwest of Panama. 

Diplectrvm euryplectrum Jordan and Bollman, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
XII, 1889, 157, Pacific Ocean, off coast of Colombia. 

Subgenus DIPLECTRUM Holbrook. 

2452. Diplectrum formosus (LinnaMis). Squirrelfish; Sandfish; Scrrauo. 

West Indies; common on the south Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the 
United States, from Charleston south to Montevideo. 

Perca formosa Linnanis, Syst. Nat., ed. XII, 1766, 488, Carolinas. 

Epinephelus striatus Blocii, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fischc, VII, 1793, 20, 
Jamaica (not Anthias striatus Bloch). 

Serranus radians Quoy and Gaimard, Voy. Uranie, Poiss., 1824, 313. 
pi. 58, fig. 2, Rio de Janeiro. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 319 

Serranns irradians Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828. 181 (244), Montevideo. 
Serranus fascicularis Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 182 (245), pi. 

30, Brazil. 

Genus 843. PRIONODES Jenyns. 

Prionodes Jenyns, Vo}'. Beagle, Fishes, 1842, 46 (P. fasciaius Jenyns). 

2453. Prionodes aequidens (Gilbert). 

Gulf of California. 

Serrnnus scquidens Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 61, Gulf 
of California at Albatross station No. 2996, in 112 fathoms. 

2454. Prionodes fusculus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Centrnpristes fusculus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 342, Cuba. 

2455. Prionodes phoebe (Poey). Phoebe. 

West Indies, north to Pensacola, Fla. 

Serranus phoebe Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 55, pi. 2, fig. 3, Cuba. 

2456. Prionodes baldwini Evermann and Marsh. 

Porto Rico. 

Prionodes baldwini Evermann and Marsh, Rcpt. U. S. Fish Com., XXV, 
1899 (1900), 353, Culebra and Vieques Islands. 

2457. Prionodes fasciatus Jenyns. 

Pacific coast of Mexico, Cape San Lucas to Galapagos Islands. 
Prionodes fasciatus Jenyns, Voy. Beagle, Fishes, 1840, 46, Chatham 

Island, Galapagos Archipelago. 
Serranus psittarinus Valenciennes, Voy. V^nus, Poiss., 1855, 299, ])1. 1, 

fig. 1, Galapagos Islands. 
Serranus ralopterijx Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 

1881, 350, Mazatlan. 

2458. Prionodes bulleri (lioulcnger). 

Coast of Jalisco, western .Mexico. 

Serranus bulleri Boulenger, Cat., I, 1895, 288, Las Peiias, Jalisco, 
Mexico. 

2459. Prionodes deweegeri (Metzelaar). 

Caribbean Sea. 

Serranus (Paralabrax) deweegeri Metzelaar, Trop. Atl. Vi.sschen, 1919, 
')2, fig. 20, Guanta, coast of Venezuela. 

2460. Prionodes tabacaria (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Jacome; Bout de tabac. 

West Indies. 

Ccnlropristcs tabacarius Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

Ill, 1829, 33 (44), Martinique. 
Serranus jacome Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 57, pi. 2, fig. 1, Cuba. 

2461. Prionodes tigrinus ( Bloch). 

West Indies. 

Holocenlrus tigrinus Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausj. Fische, IV, 1790, 77, 

East Indies; after Seba, Thesaurus, III, PI. XXVII, fig. 5. 
Serrnnus prspstigialor Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 58, pl. 2, fig. 2, Habana. 
ICenlropristis annularis Giinthcr, Shore Fishes, Challenger Ilept., Zool., 

I, pt. 0, 18S0, 0, pl. 1, fig. C, Pernambuco. 

2462. Prionodes flavescens (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Martini(iue. 

Serranus Jlaresrens Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 
is:5(), 3S0 (."jOC)), .Martini(|ue. 

Genus 844. MENTIPERCA Gill. 

Mentiperca Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 236 {Serranus 
luciopercanus Poey). 

2463. Mentiperca luciopercana (Poey). 

("oast of {!uba. 

Srrranus luciojn rcanux Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 56, pl. 9, fig. 1, Cuba. 

Genus 845. CENTRISTHMUS Garman. 

Cenlristhmus Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 47 
(Cenlristhmus signifcr Garman). 



320 tJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2464. Centristhmus signifer Garman. 

Off Bay of Panama in deep water. 

Centristhmus signifer Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., XXIV, 1899, 
48, Pi. LXIX, off Bay of Panama. 

Genus 846. DULES Cuvier. 

Dules Cuvier, Regne Animal, ed. 2, II, 1829, 147 {Dules auriga Cuvier 

and Valenciennes). 
Eudulus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 264 (Dules 

auriga Cuvier and Valenciennes; Dulus being a genus of birds. 

2465. Dules auriga Cuvier and Valenciennes. Coachman; Charioteer. 

Coasts of Brazil and Uruguay, and occasionally northward. 

Dules auriga Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 83 

(112), pi. 51, Brazil. 
Centropristis brasiliensis Brissot de Barneville, Revue Zoologique, 1847, 

131, Bahia. 

Genus 847. CALLIDULUS Fowler. 

Callidulus Fowler, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., LIX, 1907, 265 (Cen- 
tropristes subiigarius Cope). 

2466. Callidulus flaviventris Cuvier and Valenciennes. Grassy ground rock- 

fish. 
Tropical America, Charleston to Brazil. 
Dides flaviventris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1829, 

85, Brazil. 
Centropristis dispilurus Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1867, 99, 

Trinidad. 
Centropristis subiigarius Cope, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XXII, 

1870, 120, Pensacola, Fla. 

Genus 848. PARANTHIAS Guichenot. 

Brachyrhinus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 286 (Serranus 
creolus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

Paranthias Guichenot, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine-et-Loire, X, 1868 (Ser- 
ranus furcifer Cuvier and Valenciennes = <Se?TanMs creolus Cuvier and 
Valenciennes) . 

Creolus Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., XVI, 1882, 
XXXVI (withdrawn in the text) (Serranus furcifer Cuvier and 
Valenciennes) . 

2467. Paranthias furcifer (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Rabirubia de lo alto; 

Creole fish. 
Both coasts of tropical America, Cuba to Brazil, Cape San Lucas to 

the Galapagos Archipelago. 
Serranus furcifer Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

196 (264), Brazil. 
Serranus creolus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 197 (265), Marti- 

nicjue; San Domingo. 
Corvina oxyptera DeKay, New York Fauna: Fishes, 1842, 77, PI. XXX, 

fig. 96, locality unknown. 
Serranus colonus Valenciennes, Voy. V^nus, Zool., 1855, 300, pi. 2, fig. 1, 

Galapagos Islands. 

Genus 849. OCYANTHIAS Jordan and Evermann. 

Ocyanthias Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. Amer., 
1896, 1227 (Aijlopon martinicensis Guichenot). 

2468. Ocyanthias martinicensis (Guichenot). 

West Indies. 

tAylopon martinicensis Guichenot, Anthiani, Ann. Linn. Soc, X, 1868, 
Martinique. 
Genus 850. HYPOPLECTRUS ^s Gill. Vacas. 

Hypoplectrus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 236 (Plectro- 
poma piiella Cuvier and Valenciennes = variety of Perca unicolor 
Walbaum) . 

" The West Indian forms correctly referred to this species fall into several groups here provisionally 
designated as subspecies of the form first named (H. unicolor), apparently differing only in color. These 
range from mottled olive and orange to intense indigo blue. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 321 

2469. Hypoplectrus unicolor (Walbaum). Vaca; Petitnegre. 

West Indies, north to Florida Keys. 

Perca unicolor Walbaum, Artedi Piscium, III, 1792, 352, locality 

unknown. 
Plectropoma ephippimn Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

II, 1828, 307, (408), locality unknown. 
Hypoplectrus maculiferus Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1871, 

78, Habana. 

2470. Hypoplectrus unicolor puella (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Vaca. 

Alartinique. 

Plectropoma puella Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 
1828, 305 (405), pi. 37, Martinique. 

2471. Hypoplectrus unicolor vitulinus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma vitulinum Poej', Memorias, I, 1852, 68, Cuba. 

2472. Hypoplectrus unicolor pinnivarius (Poey). 

Habana. 

Hypoplectrus pinnivaria Poej', Synopsis, 1868, 291, Habana. 

2473. Hypoplectrus unicolor guttavarius (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma guttavarium Poey, IMcmorias, I, 1852, 70, Cul)a. 
Plectropoma melnnorhina Guichenot, Poissons, in Ramon de la Sagra, 
Hist. Cuba, 1853, 18, pi. 1, fig. 1, Cuba. 

2474. Hypoplectrus unicolor gummigutta (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma gummigutta Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 70, Cuba. 

2475. Hypoplectrus unicolor crocotus (Cope). 

\\ est Indies. 

Plectropoma crocota Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1870 (1871), 
466, St. Martins, West Indies. 

2476. Hypoplectrus unicolor aberrans (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Hypoplectrus aberrans Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 291, Cuba. 

2477. Hypoplectrus unicolor accensus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma accensum Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 72, Cuba. 

2478. Hypoplectrus unicolor affinis (Poey). », 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma ajfine Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 427, Cuba. 

2479. Hypoplectrus unicolor chlorurus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

AIartiiii(iue. 

Plectropoma chlorurum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 
II, 1828, 306 (406), Martinique. 

2480. Hypoplectrus unicolor nigricans (Poey). 

Cul)a. 

Plectropoma nigricans Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 71, Cuba. 

2481. Hypoplectrus unicolor indigo (Poey). Aiiil. 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma indigo Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 69, pi. 3, fig. 1, Cuba. 

2482. Hypoplectrus unicolor bovinus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Plectropoma hovinum Poey, Memorias, I, 1852, 69, Cuba. 

2483. Hypoplectrus unicolor gemma Goode and Bean. 

Florida Keys; known from one specimen from Garden Key, Fla. 
Hypoplectrus gemma Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
428, Garden Key, Fla. 

2484. Hypoplectrus lamprurus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Serranus lamprurus Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 1881, 
322, Panama. 



322 



U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



Genus 851. ANTHIAS Bloch. Barbiers. 

Anthias Bloch, Nat. Aiisl. Fische, VI, 1792, 97 {Labrus nnthias L.). 
Aylopon Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 52, {Labrus anthias L.; the name 
Anthias said to be preoccupied). 

2485. Anthias tenuis Nichols. 

Bermuda. 

Anthias tenuis Nichols, Proc. Biol. See. Wash., XXXIII, 1920, 60, 
Bermudas. 

Genus 852. HEMIANTHIAS Steindachner. 

Hemianthias Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., I, 1874, 4 {Anthias {Hemian- 
thias) peruanus Steindachner). 

2486. Hemianthias peruanus (Steindachner). 

Coasts of Peru and Chile, occasionalh' northward; off the coast of 

Lower California. 
Anthias {Hemianthias) peruanus Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., I, 1874, 4, 

Payta; Trujillo. 

2487. Hemianthias vivanus (Jordan and Swnin). 

Gulf of Mexico; Snapper Banks V^etween Pensacola and Tampa, Fla. 
Anthias vivanus Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V'll, 1884, 

544, from stomach of a red snapj)er taken at the Snapper Banks off 

Pensacola, Fla. 

Genus 853. PRONOTOGRAMMUS Gill. 

Pronotogrammus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 80 (P. 
multifasciatus Gill). 

2488. Pronotogrammus multifasciatus Gill. 

Off Bay of Panama; Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
Pronotogrammus multijasciatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 
1863, 81, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

2489. Pronotogrammus eos Gilbert. 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Pronotogrammus eos Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 62, 
west coast of Mexico, at Albatross station 2996, in 112 fathoms. 



Family 196. PSEUDOCHROMID^ 

Genus 854. GRAMMA Poey. 

Gramma Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 296 {G. loreto Poey). 

2490. Grammsf loreto Poey. 

Matanzas, Culja; only the type known. 

Gramma loreto Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 296, Matanzas, Cuba. 

Family 197. RHEGMATID.ffi 

Genus 855. RHEGMA Gilbert. 

Rhegma Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 
Amer., 1898, 3169 {Rhegma thaumasium Gilbert). 

2491. Rhegma thaumasium Gilbert. 

Panama. 

Rhegma thaumasium Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermaim, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1898, 3170, Panama. 

Family 198. PRIACANTHID-ffi. Big-eyes or catalufas 

Genus 856. PRIACANTHUS Cuvier. 

Priaranthus Cuvier, Rcgne Animal, ed. 1, 1817, 281 {P. macrophthalmus 
Cuvier). 

2492. Priacanthus cruentatus (Lacepfide). Big-eye; Catalufa. 

Tortugas; West Indies to St. Helena and the Canaries {Priacanthus 
carolinus Lesson), a species very similar or identical in Hawaii and 
the western Pacific. 

Labrus cruentatus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 522, Mar- 
tinique; from a copy by Aubriet of a plate made by Plumier at 
Martinicjue. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 323 

Priacanthus cepedianus Desmarest," Prem. Dec. Ichthy., 1823, 9, pi. 1, 

Habana. 
?Priacajithus carolinus Lesson, Voy. Coquille, 1826, 204, Caroline 

Islands. 

2493. Priacanthus arenatus Cuvier and Valenciennes. Catalufa; Big-eye. 

West Indies, south to Brazil; occasionally northward in the Gulf Stream 

to Newport and Woods Hole, Mass. 
Catalufa Parra, Dif. Piezas Hist. Nat., 1787, 20, Habana. 
Priacanthus are7iatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 

1829, 75 (101), Brazil. 

Priacanthus fulgens Lowe, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond., II, 1839, 174, 

Madeira. 
Priacanthus catalufa Poey, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 182, 

Habana. 

Genus 857. PSEUDOPRIACANTHUS Bleaker. 

Pseudopriacanthus Bleeker. Versl. Ak. Wet. Amsterdam, 1869 (2), 241 
{Priacanthus niphonius Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2494. Pseudopriacanthus altus (Gill). 

West Indies and the Gulf Stream. 

Priacanthus altus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 732, 
Narragan.sett Bay. 

2495. Pseudopriacanthus serrula (Gilbert). 

Pacific coast of Colombia. 

Priacanthus serrula Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XIII, 1890, 450, 
Albatross .station, 2797, west coast of Coloml)ia. 

Family 199. PEMPHERID.ffi. Deep-water catalufas 

Genus 858. PEMPHERIS Cuvier. 

Pcmphcris Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 195 (Kurtus argenteus 
Bloch and Schneider = Pemp/!erjs touea Cuvier). 

2496. Pempheris schomburgkii Miiller and Troschel. 

Barljaflos and Cuba. 

Pempheris scliojnhurgkii Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk's History 
of Barbados, 1848, 669, Barbados. 

2497. Pempheris miilleri Poey. Catalufa de lo alto. 

West Iiifiics to Brazil. 

Pempheris mulleri Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 203, Cuba. 

2498. Pempheris poeyi Bean. 

Cuba. 

Pempheris poeyi Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VIII, 1885, 229, Habana. 

2499. Pempheris mexicanus Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Pacific coast of Mexico, Acapulco. 

Pempheris mcxicana Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 
1831, 230 (308), Acapulco, Mexico. 

Family 200. LOBOTIDiE. Flashers or tripletails 

Genus 859. LOBOTES Cuvier. 

Lohole:; Cuvier, Kdgiic .Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 177 (L. erate Cuvier and 
Vak'iicionncs). 

2500. Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch). Flasher; Tripletail; Dormeur; Black 

perch; Black grunt. 
Atlantic coa.st from Cape Cod to Surinam; Mediterranean; Japan. 
Ilolocentrus surinamensis Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1790, 98, 

Surinam. 
Bodianijs triourus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1815, 

418, Powells Hook, N. J. 
Lobotes somnolentits Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hi.st. Nat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 244 (.T24), pi. 126, San Domingo. 

Lobotes erate Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 322, Pondicherry. 
Lobotes auclorum (iiiiitlior, Cat., I, 1859, 338, Cuba; Calcutta; China. 

Genus 860. VERRUGATO Jordan. 

Verruyato Jordan, Classn. Fishes, 1923, 195 {Lobotes pacijicus Gilbert). 



324 tr. s. BUREAU of fisheries 

2501. Verrugato paciflcus (Gilbert). Berrugate. 

Panama. 

Lobotes pacificus Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North and 
Mid. Amer., 189S, 2857, Panama. 

Family 201. XENICHTHYID.ffi 

Genus 861. XENICHTHYS Gill. 

Xenichthys Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 82 (X. xanti 
Gill). 

2502. Xenichthys xanti Gill. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Cape San Lucas to Panama. 
Xenichthys xanti Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XV, 1863, 82, Cape 

San Lucas. 
Xenichthys xenops Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U, S. Fish Com., I, 1881, 

325, Panama. 

Genus 862. XENISTIUS Jordan and Gilbert. 

Xenistius Jordan and Gilbert, Synopsis, 1883, 920 (Xenichthys cali- 
forniensis Steindachner) . 

2503. Xenistius calif orniensis (Steindachner). 

Pacific coast of America, from San Diego southward to Guaymas, 

Mexico. 
Xenichthys californiensis Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1876, 3, 

San Diego. 

Family 202. HOPLOPAGRID.ffl 

Genus 863. HOPLOPAGRUS Gill. 

Hoplopagrus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 78; and 
1862, 253 (Hoplopagrus guntheri Gill.) 

2504. Hoplopagrus guntheri Gill. Pargo. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Guaj^mas to Panama. 
Hoplopagrus guntheri Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 78, 
and 1862, 253, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 

Family 203. lUTIANIDiE. Snappers 

Genus 864. LUTIANUS Bloch. 

Lutianus Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1790, 105 (L. lutianus Bloch), 
Diacope Cuvier, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, I, 1816, 360 (Holocentrus 

bengalensis Bloch, preoccupied). 
Mesoprion Cuvier (Regne Animal, 143), Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. 

Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 441 (L. lutianus Bloch). 
Genyoroge Cantor, Jour. Roy. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, XVIII, 1849, 12 

(Diacope sebse Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Neomsenis Girard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., X, 1858 (1859), 167 

(Lobotes emarginatus Baird and Girard = Lo6rus grise^is Linnaeus). 
Hypoplites Gill, loc. cit., XIV, 1862, 236 (Mesoprion retrospinis Cuvier 

and Valenciennes). 
Evoplites Gill, loc. cit., 236 (Mesoprion pomacanthus Bleeker, young of 

L. kasmira). 
Lutjanus Bloch and later writers, change of spelling; the word from 

the Indian "Lutjang." 

Subgenus EVOPLITES Gill. 

2505. Lutianus viridis (Valenciennes). 

Rocky islands of the eastern Pacific; known from Galapagos, Tres 

Marias, and Revillagigedo Islands. 
Diacope viridis Valenciennes, Voy. Vinus, 1855, 303, pi. 1, fig. 2 (very 

bad), Galapagos Islands. 

Subgenus NEOM.ffiNIS Girard. 

2506. Lutianus jordani (Gilbert) 

Panama; Cocos Island. 

Neomxnis jordani Gilbert, in Jordan and Evermann, Fishes North 
and Mid. Amer., 1896, 1252, Panama. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 325 

2507. Lutianus novemfasciatus (Gill). Pargo prieio; Fargo moreno; Pargo 

negro. 
Pacific coast of tropical America; Cape San Lucas; Guaymas; Mazat- 

lan; Punta Arenas; San Bias; Panama. 
Lutjanus novemfasciatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

251, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
Mesoprion pacificus Bocourt, Ann. Sci. Xat. Paris, X, 1868, 223, 

Tauesco, Pacific coast of Guatemala. 
Lutjanus prieto Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 

353, Mazatlan. 

2508 Lutianus cyanopterus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Cubera. 
West Indies to Brazil. 
Mesoprion cyanopterus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

II, 1828, 357 (472), Brazil. 
IMesoprion pargus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 358 (473), Porto 

Rico. 
Lutjanus cubera Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1871, 75, C''ba. 
Lutjanus dentatvs A. Dum^ril in Vaillant and Bocourt, Misc. Sci. Mex. 

P.)iss., ISSl, 125, Brazil. 

2509. Lutianus griseus (Linnaeus). Gray snapper; Mangrove snapper; Cab- 

elellerole; Lawyer. 
West Indies; ranging from New York to Brazil. 
Turdus pinnis branchialibus carens Catesby, Hist. Carolinas, II, 1743, 

5, pi. 9, Bahamas. 
Labrus griseus Linnseus, Svst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 283, after Catesby. 
Caballerote Parra, Descr. Dif. Piezas, Hist. Nat., 1787, 52, pi. 25, fig. 1, 

Habana. 
Sparus telracanthus Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, 1791, 116, Martinique. 
Anthias caballerote Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 310, Cuba; 

after Parra. 
Bodianus vivanet Lac6pMe, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, pi. 4, fig. 3, 

Martinique. 
Mesoprion griseus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 355 (469), San Domingo, not after Linna;us. 
Lobotes emarginatus Baird and Girard, 9th Smith. Rept., 1854 (1855), 

332, Beaseley Point, N. J. 
Lutjanus stearnsi Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 179, 

Pensacola, Fla. 

2510. Lutianus jocu (Blcich and Schneider). Dng .snapper; Jocil. 

West Indies, north to Florida Keys, south to Bahia; one young recorded 

from Woods Hole, Mass. (Nichols and Breder). 
Anthias jocu Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 310, Cuba; 

after Parra. 
Jocu Parra, Descr. Dif. Piezas, Hist. Nat., I, 1787, 53, pi. 25, fig. 2, 

Cuba. 
Mesoprion litura Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

353 (467), Cayenne; St. Thomas. 

2511. Lutianus apodus (Walbaum). Schoolmaster; Caji. 

West Indio.';, north to Key West, south to Bahia; young casual at 

Woods Hole, Mass. (Nichols and Breder). 
Perca apoda Walbaum, Artedi Piscium, 1792, 351; based on the "School- 
master" of Catesby, which, in the very bad plate, lacks the pectoral 

fin. 
Caxis Parra, Descr. Dif. Piezas, Hist. Nat., 1787, 14, pi. 8, fig. 2, Habana. 
Sparus caxis Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 284, Habana; 

after Parra. 
Bodianus stnatus Bloch and Schneider, loc. cit., 1801, 335, pi. 65, 

West Indies, misprinted albostriatus and fasciatus. 
Lutjanus acutirostris Desmarest, Prem. Dec. Ichth., 1823, 12, pi. 3, 

Cuba. 
Mesoprion cynodon Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 351 (465), Martinique, San Domingo. 
Mesoprion linea Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 354 (468,) Cuba; 

San Domingo. 
Mesoprion flavescens Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 357 (472), 

Martinique. 



326 TJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2512. Lutianus lutjanoides (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Ocyitrus lutjanoides Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist., IX, 1870, 319, Cuba; 

known from one specimen, suspected to be a hybrid between Ocyurus 

chrysiirus and Lutianus apodus). 

2513. Lutianus brachypterus (Cope). 

Bahama Islands. 

One specimen known. 

Lutjanus brachypterus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc., XIV, 1871, 470, 

New Providence, Bahama Islands; perhaps a hybrid of Lutianus 

griseus and L. synagris. 

2514. Lutianus argentiventris (Peters). Pargo amarillo. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Galapagos and Cocos Islands. 
Mesoprioit argcntircntris Peters, Berlin Monatsber., 1869, 704, Mazatlan, 

2515. Lutianus hastingsi (Bean). Bermuda silk snapper. 

Bermuda. 

Neomsenis hastingsi Bean, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., X, Art. Ill, 
1898, 45, Bermuda. 

2516. Lutianus buccanella (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Sesi de lo alto; 

Orielle noire; Boucanello; Black fin snapper. 
West Indies; Habana. 
Mesoprion bucanella Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 344 (455), Martinique. 
Mesoprion caudanotatus Poey, Memorias, I, 1854, pi. 3, fig. 3, 440, Cuba. 

2517. Lutianus vivanus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Pargo de lo alio; Silk 

snapper; West Indian snapper. 
West Indies; Habana. 
Mesoprion vivanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828, 343 (454), Martinique. 
Mesoprion profundus Poey, Memorias, II, 1801, 150, Cuba. 
Lutjanus torridus Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 469, St. 

Kitts. 
Lutjanus purpureus Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 29. 

2518. Lutianus campechanus ^' (Poey). Red snapper; Mexican snappepf 

Pargo guachenarigo. 
Long Island to Yucatan and Texas; a valued food fish. 
Mesoprion campechanus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 149, Campeche. 

2519. Lutianus blackfordii Goode and Bean. Pensacola snapper. 

Lutjanus blackfordii Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., I, 1878, 
176, Pensacola, Fla. 

2520. Lutianus analis (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Muttonfish; Pargo; Pargo 

criollo. 
West Indies; Pensacola to Brazil, rarely north to Woods Hole, common 

and valued. 
Anthias quartus rondeleti (the muttonfish) Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina, 

II, 1743, 25, pi. 25, Bahamas. 
Mesoprion analis Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

341 (452), San Domingo. 

Mesoprion sobra Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

342 (453), Martinique. 

Mesoprion isodon Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., IX, 1833, 328 (443), 

San Domingo. 
Mesoprion rosaceus Poey, Ann. Lvc. Nat. Hist. N. Y., IX, 1870, 317, 

Cuba. 

2521. Lutianus Colorado (Jordan and Gilbert). Pargo Colorado. 

Pacific coast of Mexico, Guaymas to Panama. 

Lutjanus Colorado Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
338, name only, 351, 355, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2522. Lutianus guttatus (Steindachner). Flamenco. 

Pacific coast of Mexico, from Guaymas to Panama. 
Mesoprion guttatus Steindachner, Ichthyol. Notizen, IX, 1869, 18, pi. 8, 
Mazatlan, Mexico. 

'» The common red snapper is here admitted provisionally as distinct from the Brazilian Lutianus aya 
from which it is said by Hildebrand to diUer tangibly. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 327 

2523. Lutianus synagris (Linnaeus). Lane snapper; Biajaiba; Redtail snapper. 

West Indies; Florida Keys to Colon and Brazil. 

Sparus synagris Linnaeus, Svst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 280, Carolinas; after 
Catesby. 

Salpa purpxirascens variegata (Lane snapper) Catesby, Nat. Hist. Caro- 
lina, II, 1743, 17, pi. 17, Bahamas. 

Sparus vermicularis Bloeh and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 275, 
Martinique, on a drawing by Plumier. 

ILutjanus aubrieli Desniarest, Preni. Dec. Ichth., 1823, 17, pi. 2, Cuba. 

Mesoprion uninotatus Cuvier and Valenciennes. Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 
1828, 339 (,449), pi. 39, San Domingo; Martinique. 

2524. Lutianus ambiguus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Mesoprion ambiguus Poey, Meniorias, II, 1861, 152, pi. 12, fig. 4; pi. 13, 

fig. 8; Habana; two specimens known; suspected to be a hybrid of 

Lutianus synagris and Ocyurus chrysurus). 

2525. Lutianus mahogoni (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Ojanco; Mahogany 

suapp(r. 
West Indies; Habana. 
Mesoprion mahogoni Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 

1828. 338 (447), Martinique. 
Mesoprion ricardi Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 339 (447), Marti- 

nic|ue? No locality given. 
Mcsnjirion ojaticn Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 150, pi. 13, fig. 10, Cuba. 

2526. Lutianus megalophthalmus (Evermann and Marsh). 

Porto Rico. 

\eomcenis megalophthalmus Evermann and Marsh, Bull. U. S. Fish 
Cum., XX, 1900 (1902), 177, Puerto Real, Porto Rico. 

Genus 865. RAIZERO Jordan and Fesler. 

Raisero Jordan and Fesler, Rept. V. S. Fish. Com., XVII, 1889 (1893), 
438 (Mesoprion aratus Gunther). 

2527. Baizero aratus (Glint her). Pargo de raizero. 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Mesoprion aratus Gunther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 145, Panama; 
Chiapam. 

Genus 866. RABIRUBIA Jordan and Fesler. 

Riihinihrn .Jordan and Fesler, Rept. V. S. Fish Com., XVII, 1889 
(1S93), 438 (Mesoprion inermis Peters). 

2528. Babirubia inermis (Peters). 

Pacific coast of .America from Mazatlan to Panama. 
Mesoprion inermis Peters, Berliner Monatsber., 1869, 705, Mazatlan, 
Mexico. 

Genus 867. OCYURUS Gill. Rabirubias. 

Ocyurus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 236 (Sparus 
chrysurus Bloch). 

2529. Ocyurus chrysurus (Bloch). YellowlaH; Rabirubia. 

West Indies, southern Florida to Brazil; single specimen recorded at 

Woods Hole, Mass. 
Sparus chrysurus Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, V, 1791, 28, Brazil; after 

Marcgrave. 
Acara pitamba Marcgrave, Hist. Brasil., 1648, 155, Brazil. 
Rabiruka Parra, Descr. Dif. Piezas, Hist. Nat., 1787, 42, pi. 20, fig. 1, 

Cuba. 
Anthias rabirubia Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 309, Cuba; 

after Parra. 
Sparus semiluna Lacdpdde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 141, Martinique. 
Mesoprion aurorittatus Agassiz, Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 121, pi. 66, 

Brazil. 
Ocyurus rijgcrsmoei Cope, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc, XIV, 1871, 468, 

fig. 4, St. Kitt.s. 

Genus 868. RHOMBOPLITES GiU. 

Rhomb,, iditcs (iill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 237 (Cen- 
tropruslis aurorubens Cuvier and Valenciennes). 



32S r s. BTREAr of fisheries 

2530. Khomboplites aurorubens (.Cuvier and Valenciennes). Cagon de lo 

oho. 
West Indies, north to Charleston, south to Rio Janeiro. 
Cf ■ ' ^.'jrtrruhens Cu%ier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

Y. -- 4 i,45\ Brazil. Martinique, and San Domingo. 
Mi S'jn Poey. Memorias, II. 1S61. 153, Cuba, 

jl prion anommus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VI, 1SS3, 

142, Pensacola, Fla. 

Genus 869. TEOPIDIlflUS Gill. 

Tropidin{i,s Gill, in Poey. Synopsis, 1S6S, 296 iilesoprion arnillo 
Toer = Apsilus dentatus Guiehenot). 

2531. Tropidinius dentatus (Guiehenot). Arnillo. 

West Indies: Habana. 

Apsilus dentat'j^ Guiehenot, in Ramon de la Sagra, Hist. Cuba, Poiss., 

1S53, 29, pi. 1, fig. 2, Habana. 
Mesoprion arnillo Poey, Memorias. II, 1S61. 154:, Cuba. 

Genus 870. PRISTIPOllOrDES Sleeker. 

Pniiipommdt.i Bleeker, Tijdschr. Xed. Ind., Ill, 1852, 574 {Pristipo- 

rrnyxde,? iypu.? Bleeker). 
Platyiriin^ Gill. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 237 {Mesoprion 

vorax "Poev ^Centropristis macrophthcdmus Miiller and Troschel). 
Bo'Xf'.na Jo"rdan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902 
1903 . 1S2 B. liolescens Jordan and Evermann). 

Subgenus PLATYTNTTIS Gill. 

2532. Pristipomoides macroplithalmus (Miiller and Troschel). Voraz. 

West Indies, Habana. 

Centro^priMis macrophthalmiis Miiller and Troschel, in Schomburgk, 

Hist. Barbados, 184S, 666, Barbados. 
ile-ioprion vorax Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 151, Cuba. 

Genus 871. ETELIS Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Etelvi Cu\ier and Valenciennes, Hist. Xat. Poiss., II, 1828, 93 (127) 

(Etdis carhunciAi^s Cu\ier and Valenciennes, an East Indian species). 
ElaMoma Swainson, Xat. Hist. Fish., Amphib., etc., II, 1839, 202 

(Etdis ocuiatua Cu\ier and Valenciennes). 
Ueap^anthia-i Lowe, Fishes of Madeira, 1843, 14 {Serranus oculatus 

Cu%ier and Valenciennes;. 
MacTopi Dumeril, Mem. Acad. Sci. Paris, XXVII, 1856, 279 (Serranus 

acuLeatui (oculatus) Cuvier and Valenciennes) . 

2533. Etelis oculattis * (Cuvier and Valenciennes) . Cachucho. 

Warm seas; West Indies to Madeira; Hawaii. 

Etelii carbuncultj^ Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., II, 1828, 

94 fl27;, pi. 18, Seychelles Archipelago. 
Serramii oculatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., II, 198 (266), 

pi. 32, Martinique. 
lEUdin eviuruif Jordan and Evermann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 

1902, 142. Hawaii. 

Genus 872. ETELIDES Jordan and Thompson. 

Etdidei .Jordan and Thompson, Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., XXIV, 1904, 
241 (AnthiaH aquiloriaris Goode and Bean). 

2534. Etelides aquilonaris ''Goode and Bean;. 

Gulf of Mexico; Gulf Stream near Carolina coast. 

Ardhian arjuiUmaris Goode and Bean, Oceanic Ichth., 1895, 238, Gulf 
of Mexico. 

Family 204. VERILID^ 

Genas 873. VEEILUS Poey. 

Venlu^. ?fA:y, Memorial, II, 1861, 124 (K. sordidus Poey). 

2535. Verilii* sordidus Poey. Encolar chino. 

W'e-.t ludU^.. 

VeriliM HfrrdiduH Poey, MemoriaH, II, 1861, 125, pi. 12, fig. 6, Cuba. 

MTUa ■/•'■■' .My co)or<id fl-sh f^Mra^ to \>c of a single 8per;le« throughout the 

wtmi Kfc X-itt'i, iif-.n'Unn investigation, though we (Sin not fletcct any 

■ . ■■ .^i, iiXuX curburuiula* (A i&i/AO. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 329 

Family 205. H^MULIDiE 

Genus 874. H.ffiMULON Cuvier. Roncos or grunts. 

Diabasis Desmarest, Prein. Decade Ichth., 1823, 34 (D. parra Desma- 

rest; name preoccupied in beetles). 
Hasmulon Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 175 (elegans, etc., 

restricted later to Hsmulon elegans CuvieT=Sparus sciiirus Shaw). 
Anarmostiis Scudder, in Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 

12; name preoccupied in insects. 

2536. Haemulon sexfaciatum Gill. Mojarra almejero. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, Guaymas to Panama. 

Hsemulon sexfasciatus GilJ, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

254, Cape San Lucas. 
Hsemulon maculosum Peters, Berliner Monatsber., 1869, 705, Mazatlan. 

2537. Haemulon album Cuvier and Valenciennes. Margatefish; Jallao; 

Margaret grunt. 
West Indies; Florida Keys to Brazil. 
Perca marina gibbosa cinerea (margatefish) Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina, 

II, 1743, 2, pi. 2, Bahamas. 
Perca gibbosa Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 342, not of Linnajus, after 

Catesby. 
Hsemulon album Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1830, 

179 (241), St. Thomas. 
Hsemulon microphthalutn Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 306, America. 

2538. Haemulon mowbrayi Jordan and Evermann. 

Key West, Fla. 

Hsemulon chnjsopterum Mowbray, N. Y. Zool. Soc. Bull., XVIII, 

No. 6, 1915, 1298, with fig., Key West; not of Cuvier, which is 

Bathystoma rimator Jordan and Swain. 
Hsemulon mowbrayi Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 

4th sor., XVI, Apr. 27, 1927, 505. 

2539. Haemulon macrostomum Giinther. Gray grunt; Striped grunt. 

West Indies, north to Florida Keys. 

Hsemulon macrostoma Giinther, Cat., I, 1859, 308, Jamaica. 
Hsemulon fremcbundum Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 
1879, 340, Clearwater Harbor, Fla. 

2540. Haemulon bonariense Cuvier and Valenciennes. Black grunt; Ponce 

priclo. 
West Indies, south to Buenos Aires. 
Hsemulon bonariense Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 174 (254), Buenos Aires. 
Hxmulon canna Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., V, 173 (233), 

Martinique. 
Hsemulon notatum Pocy, Mcmorias, II, 1861, 179, Cuba. 
Hsemulon retrocurrens Poej-, Repertorio, II, 1868, 236, 461, Cuba. 
Hsemulon continuum Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 46, Cuba. 

2541. Haemulon parra (Desmare.st). Sailors' choice; Ronco bianco; Ronco 

prieto; Bastard margaret. 
West Indies; southern Florida to Brazil; very common at Key West 

and Habana. 
Diabasis parra Desmarest, Prem. Ddcade Ichth., 1823, 30, pi. 2, fig. 2, 

Habana. 
Hsemidon caudimacula Cuvier, R^gne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 176, 

Brazil; Habana. 
Hsemulon chromis Broussonet, in Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. 

Poiss., V, 1830, ISO (242), Jamaica. 
Hsemulon acutum Poey, Mcmorias, II, 1861, 180, Cuba. 
Hsemulon serratum Poey, loc. cit., 181, Cuba. 
Hsemulon albidum Poey, loc. cit., 181, Cuba. 
Hsemulon cannn Agassiz in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 130, pi. 69, Brazil; 

not of Cuvier and Valenciennes. 



330 XJ. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2542. Haemulon scudderi Gill. Mojarrn priela. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, Guavmas to Panama. 

Hwrnidon scudderi Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 253, 

Cape San Lucas. 
Haemulon brevirostrum Gtinther, Trans. Zool. Soc. Lend., VI, 1808, 418 

(Nov. 27), Panama. 
Hamulon uridccitHalc Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 11, Panama. 

2543. Haemulon carbonarium Poey. Ronco carbonero; Csesar grunt. 

West Indies and Bermudas, south to Brazil; Habana. 
Hsemulon carbonarium Poey, Memorias, II, 1S61, 176, Cuba. 

2544. Haemulon steindachneri (Jordan and Gill)ert). Roncador raiado. 

Both coasts of tropical America; Guaymas to Panama; a similar 
species (unnamed) recorded from St. Lucia and Rio Janeiro. 

Diabasis steindachneri Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 
1881 (1882), 322, Panama and Mazatlan. 

2545. Haemulon melanurum (Linnaeus). Jeniguana; Ciesar grunt. 

West Indies; Habana and southward; Bush Key; Tortugas. 

Perca marina cauda nigra (blacktail) Catcsby, Hist. Carolina, II, 1743, 

7, pi. 7, fig. 2, Bahamas. 
Perca mclanura Linnieus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 292, and ed. XII, 

1766, 486, Bahamas; based on Catesby. 
Hsemulon schrankii Agassiz in Spix, Pise. Brasil., 1829, 131, pi. 69a, 

Brazil. 
Harmulmi dorsale Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 179, Cuba. 

2546. Haemulon sciurus (Shaw). Yellow grunt; Ronco amarillo; Boar 

grunt; Humpback grunt. 
West Indies; Florida Keys to Brazil. 
Anthias formosii.s Bloch,' Nat. Ausl. Fische, VI, 1792, 122, Antilles; 

not Perca formosa of Linnaeus as identified. 
Spar^ls sciurus Shaw, General Zoology, IV, 1803, 439, pi. 64, Antilles; 

based on the descrii)tion and figure of Bloch. 
^Diabasis obliquatus Bennett, Zool. Jour. London, V, 1837, 90, Jamaica. 
IHxmulon similis Castelnau, Anim. Nouv. Rares, II, 1855, Bahia. 
Hsemulon lideum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 174, Cuba. 
Hsemulon multilineatum Poey, loc. cit., 178, Cuba. 
IHsemulon hians Haly, Ann. Nat. Hist., XV, 1875, 268, Aspinwall. 

2047. Haemulon plumieri (Lacepede). Common grunt; Ronco ronco; Ronco 
arard; Boar grunt; Squirrelfish; Ronco grande. 

West Indies; abundant from Cape Hatteras to Rio Janeiro. 

Perca marina capite striata Catesbj", Nat. Hist. Carolina, II, 1743, 6, 
pi. 6, Bahamas. 

Labrus plumieri Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 480, pi. 2, fig. 2, 
Martinique; on a copy of a drawing by Plumier, identified with this 
species by Cuvier. 

Guabicoara brasiliensibus Marcgrave, Hist. Brasil., 1648, 163, Brazil. 

Hsemulon formosum Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 175, Mar- 
tinique. 

Hsemulon arcuatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IX, 
1833, 3.56 (481), Charleston, S. C. 

Hsemulon arara Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 177, Cuba. 

Hsemulon subarcuatum Poey, loc. cit., 419, Cuba. 

2548. Haemulon flavolineatum (Desmarest). French grunt; Open-mouthed 

grunt; Ronco cotiilenado. 
West Indies; Florida Keys and Bermudas to Brazil. 
Diabasis flavolineat us Desmarest, Prem. D6cade Ichth., 1823, 35, pi. 2, 

fig. 1, Cuba. 
Hsemulon helerodon Cuvier, Regne Anim., ed. 2, II, 1829, 176, Cuba, 

based on Desmarest. 
Hsemrdon xanthopteron Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 174 (2.54), Martinique. 

Genus 875. BRACHYGENYS Scudder. 

Brachygcnys Scudder, in Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 47 {Hsemulon tsenia- 
turn "Poey^ Hsemulon chrysargyreum Giinther). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 331 

2549. Brachygenys chrysargyreus (Giinther). 

Key West, Habana, and Trinidad. 

Hsemidon chrysargyreum Gunther, Cat., 1859, 314, Trinidad. 

Hsemidon tuniatum Poey, Memorias, II, IS6I, 182, Cuba. 

Genus 876. BATHYSTOMA Scudder. Tomiates. 

Bathystoma Scudder, in Putnam, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., I, 1863, 12; 
no definition. {Hiemulon jeniguano Foey = H sun idon aurolineatum 
Cuvicr and Valenciennes); not Bathystomus Forster, 1862. 

2550. Bathystoma rimator (Jordan and Swain). Tomtate; Redmouth grunt; 

Csesar; Young grunt. 
West Indies; Cape Hatteras to Trinidad. 
Hsemulon rimator Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., VII, 1884, 

308, Charleston; Key West; Pensacola. 

2551. Bathystoma aurolineatum (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Jeniguano; 

Tomtate. 
West Indies; Florida Keys to Brazil. 
Hiemulon aurolineatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 176 (237), Brazil; San Domingo. 
Hsemulon jeniguano Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 183, Cuba. 

2552. Bathystoma striatum (Linnieus). White grunt. 

West Indies; Bermudas to Brazil. 

Capeuna bra.'>ilien)iibuii Marcgrave, Hist. Brasil., 1648, 155, Brazil 

(nonbinomial). 
Perca .striata Linnajus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 293, North America. 
Grajnmiste.^ trivittatus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 188, 

Brazil, after Marcgrave. 
Serranus capuena Lichtenstein, Abhandl. Berlin. Akad., 1820, 288, 

Brazil; after Marcgrave. 
Hsemulon quadrilincatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., 

V, 1830, 177 (238), pi. 120, San Domingo. 
Hspmulon quinquelinentum Poey, Memorias, II, ISOl, 419, Culm. 

Genus 877. LYTHRULON Jordan and Swain. 

Lythrulon Jordan and Swain, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus.. VII, 1884, 287 
{Hsrmulon jlaviguttatus Gill). 

2553. Lythrulon flaviguttatum (Gill). Peixe fonda. 

Pacific coast of tropical .America, Guavmas to Panama. 

Hxmulon jlaviguttatua Gill, Proc- Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

254, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
Hsemidon margaritifcrum Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 147, 

Panama. 

2554. Lythrulon opalescens Jordan and Starks. 

Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Lijtiirulun opaUticcna Jordan and Starks, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. Acad. 
Sci., V, 1895, 4.59. pi 40, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

Genus 878. ORTHOST(ECHUS Gill. Striped grunts. 

Urtlw.stvrltu.s Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 255 (O. 

mnrulicauda Gill). 

2555. Orthostoechus maculicauda Gill. Roncador raiado. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Guayraas to Panama. 

OrthoHtojchus maculicauda Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 

225, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
Hxmulnn mazallanum Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 1869, 12, 

PI. VI, Mazatlan. 

Genus 879. PARACONODON Bleaker. 

Pararouoilon Bleekor, .\rchiv Neerl., XI, 1876, 272 {Conodon pacifici 
Giiiitherj. 

2556. Paraconodon pacifici (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America. 

Conodon pacifici Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 147, Chiapam. 

2557. Paraconodon csesius (Jordan and Gill^ert). 

Pacific coast of .Mcixico; Mazatlan anrl Acapulco; Bay of Panama. 
pDinadanya cxsiua Jordan and Gilljcrt, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 1881, 
383, Nlazatlan. 



332 



U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



2558. Paraconodon dovii (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America at Mazatlan and Panama. 
Pristipoma dovii Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lend., 1864, 23, Panama 

Genus 880. ANISOTEEMUS Gill. 

Anisotremus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 105 {Sparus 

virginicus Linnajus). 
Genytremus Gill, loc. cit., XIV, 1862, 256 {Pristipoma bilineatum 

Cuvier and Valenciennes = A7iiso;re7niis surinamensis Bloch). 

Subgenus GENYTREMUS Gill^ 

2559. Anisotremus surinamensis (Bloch). Pompon. 

Tropical America, from Louisiana (New Orleans market) to Brazil. 
ILuljanus surinamensis Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1790, 98, 

Surinam. 
Pristipoma hilineatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 202 (271), pi. 122, Martinique. 
Pristipoma melanopierum Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 203 (273), 

Brazil. 
Hscmulon ohtusum Poey, Memorias, II, 1S61, 182, Habana. 
Hxmulon labridum Poey, loc. cit., 1861, 419, Cuba. 

2560. Anisotremus interruptus (Gill). Mojarron. 

Pacific coast, Magdalena Bay to Panama and the Galapagos. 
Gcnytremxis interruptus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1861, 

256, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
Pristipoma furthii Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., V, 1876, 4, Panama. 

2561. Anisotremus bicolor (Castelnau). Maria prieta. 

Coast of Brazil; perhaps Cuba. 

Pristipoma bicolor Ca.stelnau, Anim. Amer. du Sud, Poiss., 1855, 8, 

pi. 2, fig. 2, Bahia, Brazil. 
"i Pristipoma trilineatum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 343, Halmna, young. 
Pristipoma brasiliense Steindachner, Sitzungsb. k. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 

1863, 1013, Bahia. 

Subgenus ANISOTREMUS Gill. 

2562. Anisotremus scapularis (Tschudi). 

Coast of Peru; said to have been once taken at Mazatlan, a doubtful 

record. 
Pristipoma scapulare Tschudi, Fauna Peruana, 12, 1845, Huacho, Peru. 
IDiagrarnma melanospilum Kner, Sitzungsb. k. Akad. Wiss., 1807, 4, 

west coast of South America. 
Pristipoma notatum Peters, Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869, 706, 

"angcblich aus Mazatlan." 

2563. Anisotremus davidsonii (Steindachner). Sargo raiado. 

Coast of southern California. 

Pristipoma davidsonii Steindachner, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 6, San 
Diego. 

2564. Anisotremus spleniatus (Poey). 

Habana. 

Pristipoma spleniatum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 187, Habana. 

2565. Anisotremus tseniatus Gill. Calalina; Striped grunt. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Magdalena Bay to Panama. 
Anisotremus tseniatus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIII, 1861, 107, 
Panama. 

2566. Anisotremus virginicus (Linnajus). Porkfish; Catalineta. 

West Indies; Florida Keys to Brazil. 

Guatucupa juba Marcgrave, Hist. Brasil., 1648, 147, Brazil. 

Acara pinima Marcgrave, loc. cit., 1648, 152, Brazil. 

Sparus virginicus Linnajus, Syst. Nat., ed. X, 1758, 281, South America. 

ISparus vittatus Bloch, Naturgesch. Ausl. Fische, V, 1791, 33, fig. 2, 

Brazil; after Acara pinima Marcgrave. 
Perca juba Bloch, loc. cit., VI, 1792, 77, Brazil, after Marcgrave. 
Grammistes maurilii Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichthyol., 1801, 185, 

after Bloch. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 333 

IPristipoma catharinse Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 
1830, 201, 269, St. Catharine Island, Brazil. 

Pristipoma acara-pinima Castelnau, Anim. Nouv. Rares, 1856, 8, 
Brazil. 

Pristipoma rodo Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 205 (274), Mar- 
tinique, Brazil, Porto Rico, and San Domingo, 

2567. Anisotremus serrula (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Tete de roche; 

Petite scie. 
Martinique. 
Pristipoma serrida Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 203 (272), Martinique. 
Pristipoma auratum Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 203 (272), 

Martinique. 

Genus 881. CONODOU Cuvier and Valenciennes. 

Conodon Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Xat. Poiss., V, 1830, 156 

(C. antillanus Cuvier and Valenciennes = Perca nobilis Linnseus). 
Cheloniger Plumier, in Lac6pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1803 (Perca 

nohilis Linnseus); name not accepted by Lacepede. 

2568. Conodon nobilis (Linna;us). 

West Indies; coast of Texas to Brazil. 

Perca nobilis Linna?us, Svst Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 291, North America. 

Scixna plumieri Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, VI, 1792, 66, taf. 306, Mar- 
tinique. 

Scixna core Bloch, loc. cit., 1792, 70, pi. 307, fig. 2, Brazil; after Coro 
coro Marcgrave. 

Conodon antillanus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 
1S30, 116 (156), Jamaica. 

2569. Conodon serrifer Jordan and Gilbert. 

Lower California. 

Conodon serrifer Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mas., V, 1882, 
351, Boca Soledad, Lower California. 

Genus 882. BRACHYDEUTERUS Gill. Burritos. 

Brachyde uterus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 17 (B. 

auritus, an African species). 
Hsemulopsis Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 1869, 9, Mazatlan 
{Hsemulon corvinsejormis Steindachner). 

2570. Brachydeuterus nitidus (Steindachner). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama, Mazatlan, and the Gulf of 

California. 
Pristipoma (Hxmulopsis) nitidum Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 

1S69, 5, Mazatlan. 

2571. Brachydeuterus leuciscus (Giinther). Bnrrito. 

Pacific coast of tropical America; not rare at Mazatlan and Panama; 

south to northern Peru. 
Pristopoma leuciscus Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 147, 

San Joss dc .\icaragua; Chiapam. 
Pomadasis elongatus Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 

1882, 352, Mazatlan, Mexico. 

2572. Brachydeuterus axillaris f Steindachner). Burro bianco. 

Pacific coast of Mexico; Mazatlan aiul Guaymas. 

Pristipoma {Ilxmulopsis) axillare Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 
1869, 7, Mazatlan. 

2573. Brachydeuterus corvinaeformis (Steindachner). 

West Indies to Brazil; .hunaica. 

Iliemnlon corrinxfnrm'; Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VII, 1868, 16, 
Santos, Brazil. 

Genus 883. RHENCUS Jordan and Evermann. 

RhencuH Jorrlan and lOverinanu, Check List, 1895, 387 {Pristipoma 
panamense Steindachner). 

6425°— 29 22 



334 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2574. Rhencus panamensis (Steindaehner). 

Pacific coast of tropical America; Panama and Mazatlan. 

Prifitipoiu'i paiuDmnac Hteindachuer, Ichth. Beitr., Ill, 1875, 8, Panama, 

Genus 884. POMADASYS Laccpcde. Burros. 

Pomada'<ys Lacepede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 516 (Scixna argentea 

Forski\l) . 
Pridiponiiis Oken, Isis, 1817, 279 {Lutjanus hasta Bloch; after les 

Prititiimmes Cuvier) . 
Pristipoind Cuvicr and Valenciennes, changed spelling. 

Subgenus PRISTOPOMUS Cuvier. 

2575. Pomadasys baj'anus Jordan and Evermann. 

Pacific coast of Panama, in fresh water. 

Prislipoma hiimile Kner and Steindachner, Sitsgber. Akad. Wiss. 
Miinch., 1863, 222, Rio Bayano, near Panama; name preoccupied 
by Pristoporna humilis Bowdich, Fishes of Madeira, 1825, 236. 

Pomadasis baynnus J(jrdan and Evermann, Fishes North and Mid. 
Amer., 1898, 1331, Rio Bayano, near Panama. 

2576. Pomadasys productus (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Pristipoma productum Poey, Mcmorias, II, 1861, 186, Habana. 

2577. Pomadasys macracanthus (Giinther). Burro. 

Pa!-ific coast of tropical America; Panama; Mazatlan; Chiapas, and 

Punta Arenas. 
Pristipoma macracantimm Giinther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lend., 1864, 146, 

Chia]jam. 

2578. Pomadasys grandis Meek. 

Lake Nicaragua. 

Pomadasis grandis Meek, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool., VII, 1907, 116, 
Lake Nicaragua. 

2579. Pomadasys templei Meek. 

Vallcs, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 

Pomadasi/s templei Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 201, Valles, 
San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 

2580. Pomadasys boschmae (Metzelaar). 

West Indies. 

Pristipoma })oschmx Metzelaar, Tropisch Atl. Vissch., 1919, 83, fig. 
27; probably from Curagao. 

2581. Pomadasys starri Meek. Burro. 

Perez, Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Pomadasys starri Meek, Field Col. Mus., Zool., V, 1904, 200, Perez, 
Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Genus 885. RHONCISCUS Jordan and Evermann. 

Rhonciscu^ Jordan and Evermann, Check List, 1895, 387 {Pristipoma 
crocro Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2582. Rhonciscus crocro (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

West Indies; Cuba to Brazil. 

Pristipoma crocro Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., V, 1830, 

197 (264), Martinique. 
Pristipoma culliferum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 185, Habana. 
Pomadasys approximans Bean and Dresel, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

VII, 1884, 160, Jamaica. 

2583. Rhonciscus branicki fSteiiulachner). Burriio. 

Pacific coast of trojjical America; Mazatlan tf) Peru. 
Pristipoma branicki Steindachner, Denkschr. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
XLI, 1879, 28, Tumbez, Peru. 

2584. Rhonciscus ramosus (Poey). 

West Indies; south to Brazil. 

Pristipoma ramosum Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 186, Habana. 
Pristipoma bqucardi Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 1869, 1, Coji- 
mar River near Habana. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 660 

2585. Bhonciscus sinuosus (Eigenmann). 

North coast of Colombia. 

Potnadasys sinuosus Eigenmann, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc, LVI, 1917, 6S3, 
Patia, between Magna and Telembi. 

Genus 886. ORTHOPRISTIS Girard. Pigfishes. 

Orthopristis Girard, U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Zool., 1859, 15 (0. duplex 

Girard = Perca chrysopterus Linna-us). 
Pristocantharus Gill, Proc. Acad. Xat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 256 

(Pristipoma canlharinum Jenyns). 

2586. Orthopristis chalceus (Giinther). 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Cape San Lucas to the Gala- 
pagos. 

Pristipoma chalceum Gunther, Proc. Zool. Soc. Loud., 1S64, 146, 
Panama. 

Pristipoma kneri Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 1869, 3, Mazatlan, 
Mexico. 

2587. Orthopristis reddingi Jordan and Richardson. 

La Pa/., Lower California. 

Orthopristis reddingi Jordan and Richardson, in Jordan, Proc. Calif. 
Acad. Sci., V, 1S95, 509, pi. 41, La Paz, Lower California. 

2588. Orthopristis chrysopterus (Linturus). Pigfish; Sailors' choice. Hogftsh; 

Ri(l-ni(tuth((l (iriinl. 
South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States; young common 

as far north as New York. 
Perca chrysoptera Linna?us, Svst. Nat., Ed. XII, 1766, 485, Charleston, 

S. C. 
Lahrus fulvo-maculatus Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., 

1814, 406, New York. 
Pristipoma fasciatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Xat. Poiss., V, 

1830, 213 (285), Xew York. 
Orthopristis duplex Girard, V. 8. Mex. Pound, Surv., Zool., Fishes, 1859, 

15, pi. 0, figs. 1 to 4, Indiannia and Brazos Santiago, Tex. 

2589. Orthopristis poeyi Sciidder. 

West Indies; Habana. 

Orthoi)ristis poeyi Scudder, in Poey, Synopsis, 1868, 312, Habana. 

Genus 887. MICROIEPIDOTUS Gill. 

Micrnlcpidotiis Gill, Pfdc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Piiiia., XIV, 1SC)2, 2.55 (M. 

inornatus Gill). 
Isaciella Jordan and Feslcr, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 1889-1891 

(1S93|, 497 (Printipoma hreri piniie Steindachner). 

2590. Microlepidotus brevipinnis (Steindachner). 

Pacific coast of Mexico. 

Pristipoma (H:i mulopsis) ^^rc/jprnne Steindachner, Ichth. Notizen, VIII, 
1S69, 10, Mazatlan. 

2591. Microlepidotus inornatus (iill. Jnpaton. 

Gulf of Cahfornia; La Paz aiul Mazatlan. 

Micrnlepidotus inornatus Gill, Proc. .\cad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 
256, ('ape. San Lucas, Lower California. 

Genus 888. GENYATREMUS Gill. 

GenyatremuH Gill, Proc, Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 2,56 (Dia- 
gramma cavifrons Cuvier and Valenciennes — Lu/ian«s luteus Bloch). 

2592. Genyatremus luteus (Bloch). 

Lesser .\ntillcs to Brazil. 

Lulianus luteus Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, IV, 1795, 111, Martinique; 

on a drawing by Plumier. 
Grammistes hepalus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 187, 

after Bloch. 
Diagramma canifrons Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., \ , 

1830, 217 (290), pi. 123, Rio Janeiro. 



336 tr. s. BUREAU of fisheries 

Family 206. SPARIDiE. Porgies; Pargos 

Genus 889. OTRYNTER Jordan and Evermann. 

Otrynter Jordan and Evermann, Check List, 1895, 388 (Stenotomus 
caprinus Bean). 

2593. Otrynter caprinus (Bean). 

Banks off the west coast of Florida. 

Stenotomus caprinus Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 426, Snapper 
Banks off Pensacola, Fla. 

Genus 890. STENOTOMUS Gill. 

Stenotomus Gill, Canadian Nat., 1865, 266 (^Sparus argijrops Linnajus = 
Sparus c/irysops Linnajus). . 

Stenesthes Jordan, Copeia, Oct. 4, 1917 (same type); substitute name, 
there being an earlier genus Stenotoma) . 

2594. Stenotomus versicolor (Mitchill). Common scup; Porgy; Scuppaug; 

Mishcuppauog; Bream; Fair maid. 
Atlantic coast of United States, from Cape Cod to North Carohna; 

common northward. .^. -nt 

Labrus versicolor Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc, I, 1815, 404, New 

York. 
Sargus ambassis Gunther, Cat., I, 1859, 449, New York. 

2595. Stenotomus chrysops (Linnaeus). Southern porgy. 

Southern Atlantic and Gulf coast of United States, Cape Hatteras to 

Texas. 
Sparus argyrops Linnteus, Syst. Nat., Ed. XII, 1766, 471, Charleston; 

Sparus chrysops Linnseus, loc. cit., 1766, 471, Charleston, S. C. 
Sparus xanihur us Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 120, Charleston; 

after argyrops L. tt- j. tvt ^ -n • vt 

Chrysophrys aculeata Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ai, 
1830, 137, Charleston, S. C. 

Genus 891. CALAMUS Swainson. 

Calamus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fishes, etc., II, 1839, 171 and 221 {Pa- 

qcllus calamus Cuvier and Valenciennes). 
Grammateus Poev, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1874 {Pagellus 
microps Guichenot = Pagellus penna Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

2596. Calamus calamus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Saucereye porgy; Pez de 

pluma. 
West Indies, north to Florida Keys. 
Pagellus calamus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 

i.52 (206), pi. 152, Martinique; San Domingo. 
Calamus megacephalus Swainson, Nat. Hist. Fishes, II, 1839, 222, after 

Cuvier and Valenciennes. 
Pagellus orbitarius Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 201, Cuba. 

2597. Calamus bajonado (Bloch and Schneider). Jolt-head porgy; Bajonado. 

West Indies, north to Florida Keys. t ,^ii, ,or>, 

Sparus bajonado Bloch and Schneider, ed. Bloch, feyst. Ichth., 1801, 

284, W^est Indies; after Parra. 
Bajonado Parra, Dif. Piezas Hist. Nat. Cuba, 1787, 13, lam. 8, Habana. 
Pajellus caninus Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 199, Habana. ^ • tvt 4. 

Calamus plumatula Guichenot, Rev. Pagels m M6m. Soc. Sci. Nat. 

Cherbourg, XIV, 1868, 119, Martinique. 

2598. Calamus proridens Jordan and Gilbert. Littlehead porgy; Pez de pluma. 

West Indies, north to the Florida Keys. 

Calamus proridens Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. b. Nat. Mus., Vil, 
1884, 150, Key West, Fla. 

2599. Calamus pennatula Guichenot. Littlehead porgy. 

West Indies. . . 

Calamus pennatida Guichenot, Envision dcs Pagels in Mem. boo. bci. 
Nat. Cherbourg, XIV, 1868, 116, Martinique. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 337 

2600. Calamus brachysomus (Lockington). Mojarra garabata. 

Gulf of California and neighboring waters, locally abundant from 

Magdalena Bay to Panama. 
Sparus brachijsomus Lockington, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Ill, ISSO, 284, 

Magdalena Bay, Lower California. 

2601. Calamus leucosteus Jordan and Gilbert. Whitebone porgy. 

South Atlantic coast of United States; known only from the markets 

of Charleston, S. C. 
Calamus leucosteus Jordan and Gilbert, in Jordan, Cat. Fish. N. Amer., 

in Kept. U. S. Fish Com., XIII, 1885, 879, Charle.stou, S. C. 

2602. Calamus macrops Poey. 

Cuba. 

Calamus macrops Poev, Ann. Lvc. Xat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1872, 181, 
PI. VII, fig. 3, Habana. 

2603. Calamus penna (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Littlemouth porgy; Sheeps- 

head porgy; Speckled porgy. 
Southern Florida to Brazil; known from southern Florida, Key West, 

Rio Janeiro, St. Thomas, Habana, Camaru, and Rio Grande do Sul. 
Pagellus penna Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 

154 (209), Brazil. 
Pagellus microps Guichenot, in Ramon de la Sagra, Hist. He Cuba, 

1853, 83, pi. 3, fig. 1, Habana. 
Pagellus humilis Poey, Synopsis, 1808, 308, Habana. 
Pagellus milneri Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 134, 

Charlotte Harbor, Fla. 

2604. Calamus arctifrons Goode and Bean. Grass porgy; Shad porgy. 

Gulf of Mexico, from Pen.sacola to Key West; West Indies; Porto Rico. 
Calamus arctifrons Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., V, 1882, 
425, Pcnsacola, Fla. 

2605. Calamus medius (Poey). 

West Indies; Habana. 

Grammateus medius Poey, Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., X, 1872, 183, 
pi. 7, fig. 4, Habana. 

2606. Calamus kendalli Evermann and Marsh. Pluma. 

Porto Rico. 

Calamus kendalli Evermann and Marsh, Rept. U. S. Fish Com., XXV, 
1899, 354, Mayaguez, Porto Rico. 

Genus 892. PAGRUS Cuvier. 

Pagrus Cuvier, R6gne .Vnimal, ed. 1, 1817, 272 {Sparus argenteus Bloch 
and Schneider^ S'parus pagrus Linnajus). 

2607. Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus). Red porgy; Besugo; Pargo Colorado. 

Southern Europe and south Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United 
States; south to Uruguay; less common in America. 

Sparus pagrus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 279, southern Europe. 

Sparus argenteus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 271, Europe. 

Pagrus vulgaris Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 
104 (142), pi. 148, .southern Europe. 

Genus 893. LAGODON Holbrook. Chopa spina: Sailors' choice. 

Lagodon Holbrouk, Ichth. South Carolina, 1855, 5G {Sparus rhomboides 
Linnceus). 

2608. Lagodon rhomboides (Linnaeus). Pinfish; Bream; Sailors' choice; 

Chopa spina; Sargo. 
Atlantic and Gulf coasts of United States; Cape Cod to Cuba. 
Sparus rhomboides Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. XII, 1766, 470, Charleston, 

S. C. 

Genus 894. SALEMA Jordan and Evermann. 

Salema " Jordan and Evermann, Check List, 1895, 390 {Perca uni- 
maculata Bloch). 

•' Not Seleima Bowdich IS25= Kypliosiu. 



338 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2609. Salema rhomboidalis (Linnisus). Salema. 

West Indies, north to Key West, south to Rio Janeiro. 

Perca rhotuboidalis Linnreus. Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, Jamaica; after 

Bream, Browne, Jamaica, 1756, 446. 
Perca unimaculata Bloch, Nat. Ausl. Fische, VI, 1792, 75, Brazil. 
Spams salin Lac^pede, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1802, 136; based on 

Bloch. 
Sargus humerimaculatns Quoy and Gaimard, Vov. Freycinei, Zool., 

1824, 297. Rio Janeiro. 
Sargus flavolitieatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 

1830, "44 (60), Cuba. 
Cynaedushrama Gronow, Cat. Fishes, cd. Gray, 185 4, 56, South Carolina. 
Sargus cariha^us Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 197, Cuba. 

2610. Salema tridens (Poev). 

Cuba. 

Sargus tridens Poey, Enumeratio, 1875. 57, Cuba. 

Genus 895. ARCHOSARGUS Gill. Sheepsheads. 

Arrhosnrgus Gill, Canadian Nat., 1865, 266 {Sparus prohatocephalus 
Walbaum). 

2611. Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum). Sheepshead; Sargo raiado. 

Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States; Cape Cod to Florida 

Keys and Texas. 
Sparus probatocephalus Walbaum, Artedi Pise, 1792, 295, New York; 

based on Sparus of Schopf. 
Spams ovicephalus Bloch and Schneider, Syst. Ichth., 1801, 280, New 

York. 
Sargus ovis Mitchill, Trans. Lit. and Phil. Soc. N. Y., I, 1814, 392, 

pi. 2, fig. 5, New York. 

2612. Archosargus aries (Cuvier and Valencieimes). 

Honduras to Brazil; Rio Janeiro; Maracaibo; Belize. 
Sargus aries Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 42 
(58), Rio Janeiro; Maracaibo. 

Genus 896. DIPLODUS Rafinesque. 

Diplodus Rafinesque, Indice, 1810, 54 {Sparus annularis L.). 
Sargus Cuvier, Regne Anim., I, 1817, 272 {Sparus sargus Linnaeus); 
preoccupied in insects. 

2613. Diplodus holbrookii (Bean). 

South Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States; Cape Hatteras to 
Cedar Keys. 

Sargus holbrookii Bean, Forest and Stream, June 13, 1878, 359, Charles- 
ton, S. C. 

2614. Diplodus argenteus (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Sargo. 

West Inflies; Florida and Bermudas, south to Argentina. 

Sargus arc/euteus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 

44 (60)', Brazil. 
Sargus caudimacula Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 198, Cuba. 

2615. Diplodus sargus (Linna?us). Sargo. 

Coasts of southern Europe; Bermudas. 

Sargus sargus Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. X, 1758, 278, Mediterranean. 

Sargus variegatus Lac6pdde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 207, Medi- 
terranean. 

Sargus raucus Geoffrev St. Hilaire, Descr. de I'Egvpte, Poiss., 1813, 
PI. XVIII. fig. 1, coast of Egypt. 

Sargus rondeletii Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 
10 (14), pi. 141, Mediterranean. 

Sargus vitula Cuvier and Valenciennes, loc. cit., 35 (48), Naples. 

Family 207. GIRELIID.ffi 

Genus 897. GIREILA ''^ Gray. 

Girella Grav, Illus. Indian Zool., II, 1833, 98 {G. punctata Gray). 
Camarina Ay res, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1860 (1863), 81 (C. 
nigricans Ayres). 

•2 Melanichthys Schlegel, \M4 = Incisidens Gill, 1862; diflers from Oirella in having two to four rows o( 
Incisors and is probably a valid genus. 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 339 

2616. Girella nigricans (Ayres). Greenfish; California bluefish; White spot. 

Coast of southern California from Monterey to Cape San Lucas. 
Caniarina nigricans Ayres, Proc. Calif. Acad. Nat. Sci., II, 1860, 81, fig. 

22, California. 
Girella dorsomacida Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 244, 

Cape San Lucas. 

Genus 898. INCISIDENS Gill. 

Incisidens Gill, Proc. Acad. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 244 (Crenidens 

simplex ^ Richardson). 
Aplodon Dum^ril, in Thominot, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, 1883, 141 
{Aplodon margaritiferum Dum^ril); name preoccupied. 

2617. Incisidens simplicidens (Osburn and Nichols.) 

Gulf of California. 

Girella simplicidens Osburn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mas. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 165, fig. 10, San Francisquito. 

Family 208. KYPHOSID^. Pilotfishes 

Genus 899. KYPHOSUS Lacepede. 

Kijjiho.sns La(ei)i'de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., Ill, 1802, 114 {K. bigibbus 

Lacepede =fusc us Lacepede) . 
Pimelepterus Lac6p6de, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 429 (P. bosci 

Lac6p^de). 
Dorsrtnrius Lacdpfede, loc. cit., V, 1803, 482 (D. nigrescens Lacdplde.). 
Xyster Lacepede, loc. cit., X, 484 (X. fuscus Lac<^p6de). 
Xystcrus Hafinosfiue, .\nal. Nature, 1815, 95; sulistitute for Xyster. 
Seleima Bowdich, Fishes Madeira, 1825, 238 {S. aurata Bowdich). 
Opisthistius Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 245 {Sciaena 

tahmel Forsk&l. 
Cy]>hosns of authors, corrected .spelling. 

2618. Kyphosus analogus (Gill). Salema. 

Pacific coast of tropical .\merica, Gulf of California to Panama. 
I'imeleptcrus analmjus Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., XIV, 1862, 
245, Ca])e San Lucas. 

2619. Kyphosus incisor (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Chopa ainarilla. 

West Indies to Brazil and the Canaries; Tortugas. 

Pimelepterus incisor Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 

1831, 198 (266). Brazil. 
ISaleima aurata Bowdich, Excursion Madeira, 1825, 238, Bona Vista 

Island. 
Pimelepterus flavo-lineatus Poey, Repertorio, I, 1866, 319, Habana. 

2620. Kyphosus elegans (Peters). Chopa. 

Pacific coast of tropical America, from Guaymas to Mazatlan; a species 

apparently the same in Hawaii. 
Pimelepterus elegans Peters, Berlin. Monatsb., 1869, 707, Mazatlan, 

Mexico. 
Pimelepterus sandricensis Sauvage, Bull. Soc. Philom., July, 1880 (7), 

IV, 221, Sandwich Islands. 

2621. Kyphosus metzelaari Jordan and Evermann. 

C'aribbean Sea. 

Cyphosus elegans Mttzelaar, Trop. Atl. Vissch., 1019, 44, Curasao; 

Venezuela; not Pimalepterus elegans Peters. 
This species, according to Mctzelaar's account, is extremely close to 

Kyphosus elegans of the Pacific, but the scales are larger; 52 in the 

lateral line (67 in elegans), the teeth arc also fewer, "15 in upper 

jaw"; in elegans they are "86 in each jaw." 
Kyphosus metzelaari Jordan and Evermann, Proc, Calif. Acad. Sci., 

4th Scr., XVI, Apr. 27, 1927, 506, Curagao, Venezuela. 

" This species with entire teeth is said to be the female of Qirella tricuspidata. If this is true the genus 
Incmdent may not be tenable. 



340 U. S. BUREAU OF FISHERIES 

2622. Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnseus). Rudderfish; Bermuda chub; Chub; 

Chopa blanca. 
West Indies, ranging from Cape Cod to Brazil, crossing the ocean to 

the Canary Islands; accidental in the Mediterranean; one taken at 

Palermo. 
Perca marina sectatrix Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina, II, 1743, 8, Caro- 

linas. 
Perca sectatrix Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., Ed. XII, 1766, 486 (correction), 

misprinted for saltatrix, after Catesby. 
Chsetodon cyprinaceus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., I, 1789, 1269, tropical 

America. 
Pimelepterus bosquii Lac^pSde, Hist. Nat. Poiss., IV, 1803, 429, South 

Carolina. 
Pimelepterus oblongior Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VII, 

1831, 197 (264), locality unkno\Yn. 
Pimelepterus bosci sicxda Doderlein, Nat. Siciliano, Giornale Scienze 

Nat., Ill, 1883, 83, Gulf of Palermo. 

2623. Kyphosus lutescens (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Revillagigedo Archipelago. 

Pimelepterus lutescens Jordan and Gilbert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., IV, 
1881, 229, Braithwaite Bay, Socorro Island. 

Genus 900. SECTATOR Jordan and Fesler. 

Sectator Jordan and Fesler, Kept. U. S. Fish Com., XVII, 1889-91, 
534 {Pimelepterus ocyurus Jordan and Gilbert). 

2624. Sectator ocyurus (Jordan and Gilbert). 

Panama. 

Pimelepterus ocyurus Jordan and Gilbert, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., I, 1881, 
327, 328, Bay of Panama. 

Genus 901. HERMOSILLA Jenkins and Evermann. 

Hermosilla Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 1888, 
144 (H. azurea Jenkins and Evermann). 

2625. Hermosilla azurea Jenkins and Evermann. 

Gulf of California. 

Hermosilla azurea Jenkins and Evermann, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XI, 
1888, 144, Guaymas, Mexico. 

2626. Hermosilla robusta Osburn and Nichols. 

Gulf of California. 

Hermosilla robusta OsVjurn and Nichols, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
XXXV, 1916, 166, fig. 11, Tiburon Island. 

FamUy 209. INERMIID.a: 

Genus 902. INERMIA Poey. 

Inermia Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 193 (7. vittata Poey). 

2627. Inermia vittata (Poey). Boga. 

Caribbean Sea, north to Cuba; often in large schools, off Venezuela. 
Inermia vittata Poey, Memorias, II, 1861, 193, Habana. 

Family 210. 'HIMTHIDM 

Genus 903. SPICARA Rafinesque. 

Spirara Rafinesque, Caratteri, 1810, 51 (S. Jlexuosa Rafinesque = <Span/s 

smaris Linnajus). 
Synaris Cuvier, R^gne Animal, ed. 1, 1817, 269 {Sparus smaris Linna;us). 

2628. Spicara martinica (Cuvier and Valenciennes). 

West Indies; probably an error. 

Smaris martinicus Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 

1830, 319 (424), Martinique; most likely an error, type probably 

from the Mediterranean. 

Family 211. GERRIDiE. Mojarras; Silver perch 

Genus 904. EUCINOSTOMUS Baird and Girard. Mojarritas. 

Eucinostomus Baird and Girard, Ninth Smithson. Rept., 1854, 344 {E. 
argenteus Baird and Girard = (jerres gula Cuvier and Valenciennes). 



CHECK LIST OF FISHES 341 

2629. Eucinostomus gula (Cuvier and Valenciennes). Silver jenny; Mojarra 

de ley; Petite gueule; Shad. 
Gerres gvla Cuvier and Valenciennes, Hist. Nat. Poiss., VI, 1830, 349 

(464), Martinique. 
Eucinostomus argenteus Baird and Girard, Ninth Smith. Rept., 1854, 

335, Bessley Point, N. J. 
Eucinostomus gulula Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 54, pi. 2, Habana. 
Diapterus homonymus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 1879, 

340, Clearwater Harbor, Fla. 

2630. Eucinostomus pseudogula Poey. 

Tortugas; West Indies to Brazil; Bermudas; St. Lucia; Bahia. 
Eucinostomus pseudo-gula Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 53, pi. 1, Cuba. 
Gerres jonesii Giinther, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 1879, 150, Bermudas. 
Eucinostomus harengulus Goode and Bean, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., II, 
1879, 132, west Florida. 

2631. Eucinostomus californiensis (Gill). Mojarra cantilena. 

Pacific coast of Mexico; Guaymas and Cape San Lucas to Panama. 
Diapterus californiensis Gill, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila., XIV, 1862, 

245, Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
Diapterus gracilis Gill, loc. cit., 245, Cape San Lucas. 
Diapterus dowii Gill, loc. cit., XV, 1863, 162, Panama. 

2632. Eucinostomus elongatus Meek and Hildebrand. 

Panama. 

Eucinostomus californiensis elongatus Meek and Hildebrand, Field Mus. 
Nat. Hist., Zool., XV, 1925, 586, Sobago Island, Panama. 

Genus 905. ULiEMA Jordan and Evermann. 

Ulatma Jordan and Evermann, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., V, 1895, 471 
(Diapterus lefroyi Goode). 

2633. Ulaema lefroyi (Goode). 

West Indies, on sandy shores north to Cedar Keys; Bermudas; Cuba; 

Key West; recorded north at Beaufort, N. C. 
Diapterus lefroyi Goode, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 3d ser., VIII, 1874, 123, 

Bermudas. 

2634. Ulsema producta (Poey). 

Cuba. 

Eucinostomus productus Poey, Enumeratio, 1875, 55, Habana. 

2635. Ulaema meeki (Eigcnmann). 

Rio San Juan, in western Cuba. 

Eucinostomus meeki Eigenmann, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., XXII, 1902, 

229, fig. 10, San Juan River, just below its first ford, west Cuba; 

apparently a Ulxma having but two anal spines, the second haimal 

spine not described. 

Genus 906. GERRES (Cuvier) Quoy and Gaimard. Mojnrras blancas. 

Gerres Cuvier in Quoy and Gaimard, Voyage Uranie, 1824, 293, 
restricted by Jordan 1919 to Gerres vaigiensis Quoy and Gaimard = 
Scisena argyrea Forsk&l, an ally of Mugil cinereus Walbaum. The 
only other species named in this earlier paper is Gerres gula, belonging 
to Eucinostomus. This use of the name Gerres from Cuvier's MS. 
antedates that in the R^gne Animal, 1829, and unfortunately must 
stand. 

Podager Gistcl, Thierreich, IX, 1848, a subs