RESENTED TO THE ^^^^^ A / City Document. — No. 61. ow ISPO REPORT COCHITUATE WATER BOARD CITY COUNCIL OF BOSTON, FOR THE YEAR 1S63-6 CITY OF BOSTON . In Common Council, May 24, 1866. Oedeeed : That the Cochituate Water Board be authorized to report in print. Sent up for concurrence. BEN J. DEAN, President pro tern. In Board of Aldermen, May 25, 1866. Concurred. GEO. W. MESSINGER, Chairman. Approved May 26, 1866. F. W. LINCOLN, Je., Mayor. A true copy. Attest : S. F. McCLEARY, City ClerJc. Digitized by the Internet Arcinive in 2010 witii funding from Boston Public Library http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofco6566bost REPORT. Office of the Cochituate Water Board, Boston, May 20, 1866. To THE City Council. The previous reports of this Board have been made annually ending on the 31st of December. The financial year of the City Government ends on the 30th of April, and the accounts of the Auditor and Treasurer are made to that date, including in their yearly statement of the cost of the Water Works, the current expenses for the four months between December 31 and April 30, and also the large item of yearly interest upon the unfunded water debt. These items have not appeared in the cost of the Works as made up by us. In order to remedy this apparent discrepancy in stating the total cost of the Works by the different departments, this Board petitioned for leave to make their Report in future to April 30. Leave was granted, and the ordinance was changed in conformity by the City Council, December 27, 1865. Consequently this Report will contain the business and expenses for the sixteen months from January 1, 1865,. to April 30, 1866, inclusive. The supply of water for the past year has been sufficient to meet the requirements for domestic and mechanical purposes, and a limited quantity has been used for ornamental fountains. On the 31st of March, 1865, the water at the lake com- menced to run over the dam into Sudbury River, and continued to do so until the middle of June, wasting, according to 6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. Gl. an estimate of the City Engineer, 1,688,120,674 gallons. During a portion of the year 1865 the water was higher in the lake than upon the corresponding dates of the preceding year, varying from three inches in July to three feet eight inches in December, afterwards losing the excess gradually until March 7, 1866, at which date it was at the same point as upon the same day of the previous year, say ten feet six inches above the bottom of conduit. On the first day of the present month the water was twelve feet two inches above the bottom of con- duit, against high water, or thirteen feet and four inches, upon the first day of May, 1865. The absence of snow upon the ground to be dissolved by the early spring rains was one of the causes of the deficiency of water. The rain-fall at Lake Cochituate during May, 1865, was about eight inches ; so far the present year, the amount has been trifling. Unless we are favored with copious rains during the summer and fall, it will require the strictest economy to keep up the supply of water throughout the year, without the doubtful and expensive expedient of raising it by artificial means to the level of the conduit. By the tables of the Engineer it appears that the rain-fall for 1865, was the average of the last ten years. Yet there was during the last year, and is now, a very general complaint in the neighboring towns of the scarcity of water, and much inconvenience, if not sickness, has been con- sequent upon it. The constant supply with which our inhabitants have been blessed should always be kept in mind, and the efforts of the Water Board contimie to be seconded by all good citizens, not only by preventing waste upon their own premises, but by giving prompt notice of waste by others. The apprehension of a short supply will necessitate the greatest watchfulness on our part ; and if it is found necessary to subject the takers to some slight incon- venience from the visits of the inspectors, it must be borne with patience, as it is only in this way we can detect the improvident and wasteful. REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 7 The number of notices issued for leaks from January, 1, 1865, to May 1, 1866, 9,555 . Number of joersons fined for waste .... 3,093 One cause of excessive use, if not actual waste, of water is attributable to the use of self-acting and Hopper closets, with imjv'oper fixtures. In the report of Water Registrar, City Document 11, of 1862, he states the number of these closets in use at that time was 5,654, since which the number has increased to 8,000. By experiments made by the Registrar, the consumption of water by these closets was found to be many times in excess of the ordinary pan closets. It is doubtful if the City Council can prohibit the use of hopper closets. Yet it would be but just that a price should be charged for their use, in accordance with the quantity of water consumed, and this would perhaps prevent their increase, if not abandonment. The Water Board contemplate the appointment of two or more oflScers whose duty it will be, upon an alarm of fire, to assist in opening the hydrants, and to see that they are properly closed after the hosemen have left ; to visit the hydrants used for sup- plying the steamboats with water for cleansing decks and other purposes ; and to have a general supervision of all hydrants so far as to prevent improper use. It will be desirable that these officers have police powers. In other cities a large number of such officers are advantageously employed. The present arrangements for a supply of water, particularly in case of fire, are somewhat more extensive than during the early days of the town. Mr. Quincy says "In 1653 leave was granted to the inhabitants to sink a twelve-foot cistern at the pump which stands in the highway, to be helpful against fire." And in 1670, " There having been found a great want of water in case of fire, every inhabitant was ordered to have a hogshead well filled with water, with the head open, near his door, under a penalty of five shillings." 8 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. In order to ascertain as nearly as possible the consumption for domestic purposes " per capita," about a year since a meter was placed in the house of each member of the Water Board, and an account of the water used was taken as often as once each month. The consumption in the different houses varied very considerably, notwithstanding the number of persons in each family was taken into account. Whether this was in con- sequence of more freedom in the use, or from the fact that at some houses the water was drawn under direct pressure, whilst at others it was drawn from a cistern upon the premises, has not yet been determined. It is, however, fair to presume that about the same variation exists throughout the city. The result of this experiment gives an average daily consumption of 24 j% gallons of water by each individual. WATER REGISTRAR. The Water Registrar reports the income for the year in his department as follows : — Total receipts for water rents to Jan. 1, 1866, | 451,433 48 Dues of previous years, . $23,054 16 Letting off and on . . 1,092 00 $24,146 16 Making net receipts for water used in twelve months . . . $427,287 32 The receipts for the four months, from January 1, 1866, to April 30, 1866, was $340,966.53. Of this amount $313,- 801.47 was in payment for water to be delivered during the year, the water rates being payable in advance on the 1st of January of each year. The number of meters has been largely increased. If it were not for their high cost (about $ 50 each) it would be desir- able to deliver all the water by measure, and then each taker would pay for what he consumed. If such a system could be adopted the quantity of water drawn from the Lake would be REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 9 reduced nearly, If not quite, one third. However desirable this may be, it cannot be accomplished at present, for we have failed as yet to find a cheap, reliable meter. The whole num- ber of takers is 27,489, and much the largest proportion pay less than $ 10 a year. Consequently the expense at present cost would nearly consume the income. For a detail of the business of the Registrar's department, and for many very interesting statistics, we refer you to his Report, which is annexed. On the 26th of June last, the Board of Aldermen requested the Water Board to communicate to them " the reason which prevented the playing of the public fountains " In answer to the request this Boaird made a Report (City Document 57, for 1865) furnishing a statement of the consumption of water by the dif- ferent fountains then in use, and such other information as we deemed pertinent. The quantity of water necessary to play some of the fountains was so large that the Board thought it best to withdraw them from use and substitute others of the same general character, but more economical in the consump- tion of water. The scale of rates for water sold by meter which had been substantially in use from its introduction into the city, was found by experience to be very objectionable, and a change to a uni- form rate was recommended. A difference of opinion existing in the City Council as to the price to be charged for 100 gallons, the question was referred to this Board, and after careful con- sideration an answer was returned that three cents per 100 gal- lons was the lowest price that could be charged, if the receipts were expected to meet the expenses and interest upon the water debt, as required by the act of the Legislature giving authority to introduce water. Whilst the matter was under discussion a communication was sent to the City Council, containing a statement of the water debt, the deficiency of income of former years, and the probable receipts for the future (City Document 76, for 1865). 10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. On the 22d of November, 1865, the City Council fixed the price for water delivered through a meter at the uniform rate of three cents -per 100 gallons. During the present year the records at the Registry of Deeds for Middlesex, Norfolk, and Suffolk counties have been carefully examined, and every deed or other paper relating to real estate, whether purchased or sold by the Water Commissioners or Water Board, has been copied and substantially bound in two volumes, to be hereafter preserved in the office of the Water Board. On the 18th of October last. His Hon. Mayor Lincoln, with the members of the Water Board, the City Engineer, and Su- perintendents of the Western and Eastern Division, by the in- vitation of the Water Board of the city of Charlestown, visited the water works belonging to that city. We witnessed a very satisfactory trial of the " Lowry " hydrant, playing five streams of water at the same time, to the height of fifty or sixty feet. We then visited the new Reservoir on Walnut Hill, gate-house, engine-house, &c. and the dam and works at Mystic Pond, all of which we found in good order, and, as far as we could judge, thoroughly built. We were particularly pleased with the work- ing of the " Worthington Horizontal Pumping Engine," which appeared to do its work quietly but effectually. Our visit was very instructive and satisfactory. . CITY ENGINEEE. Annexed will be found the Report of the City Engineer, con- taining, in addition to a variety of information in regard to the works as connected with his department, several statistical tables of great interest as well as of practical value. From the Report we learn that the consumption of water for 1865 was re- duced twenty-five per cent, as compared with the consumption of 1864. One consequence of this economy was, that the citizens who resided upon the high grades were accommodated with a more regular and abundant supply of water than for REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. H some years past. The tables giving the yearly, monthly, and hourly consumption of water have been prepared with great care, and will repay a careful examination. WESTERN DIVISION. Chestnut Hill Reservoir. — The demand for water by manufac- turing and mechanical establishments, consequent upon the growth of our city, in addition to the increased quantity required for domestic purposes, has, for some years, been a cause of anxiety to the Water Board. The additional quantity gained by the connection of Dudley Pond with the Lake in 1862, did not fully satisfy the Board of that year, and in their Report they recommended the City Government " to build a new reservoir somewhere near this end of the aqueduct for the storage of all the surplus water the Lake can furnish." And each subsequent Board, in their Reports, have urged the importance of a large reservoir for the purpose of holding an additional supply of water, and also as a safeguard in case of accident to the conduit. On the 8th of December, 1864, an order passed the City Council authorizing the Water Board to purchase lands for the construction of a new reservoir, and % 50,000 was appropriated for that purpose. After careful Investigation, the basin near Chestnut Hill, on either. side of Beacon Street, and lying in the towns of Newton and Brighton, was selected. An Act of the Legislature was obtained April 4, 1865, granting to the city of Boston the right to construct and maintain a reservoir in the above location, and conduct the water Into the City. The Water Board at once proceeded to purchase the land required. Terms satisfactory to both parties have been made with the owners, with the single exception of the proprietors of a parcel containing about three acres, and we regret that the terms de- manded render It our duty to take It under the act. A portion of the land purchased can be sold, if thought advisable, when the works are completed. It was deemed prudent to buy out- 12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. right those ands liable to injury, rather than subject the city to damages, "which former experience had taught us were often estimated by juries at nearly, if not quite, the original value of the estate. By subsequent action of the City Council, the Water Board were authorized to prepare the necessary surveys, and to construct a reservoir to hold not less than 500,000,000 gallons of water (for estimates, see City Document 85, for 1865). The surveys were at once commenced, under the direction of N. Henry Crafts, Esq., City Engineer. Mr. Edward F. Knowlton, who had been engaged in the construction and management of the Water Works from their commencement, and who had been Superintendent of the Western Division for many years, was appointed Superintendent. Mr. Knowlton commenced his duties in December, 1865, by the construction of a culvei't in Beacon Street, for the purpose of draining the meadows, to facilitate the work in the spring. Early In Jan- uary, 1866, his health began to fall, and he was not after- wards enabled to give much attention to matters connected with the Reservoir. Mr. Knowlton died on the 12th of March, 1866, and was burled on the 15th, at Natick, Mass. Many members of the City Government, a large number of his personal friends from Boston, and the members of the present and past Water Boards, attended his funeral. He was a faithful and effi- cient officer, taking especial interest In all matters connected with his department. His liberality and social qualities gained for him many friends ; his Intimate knowledge of all matters connected with the Western Division, and his prompt attention to business, rendered the duties of the committee upon that division comparatively easy. On the 26th of March, Mr. Albert Stanwood, formerly Superintendent of the Eastern Division, was appointed Super- intendent of "Chestnut Hill Reservoir," and entered upon his duties April 2, 1866. It being Impossible to purchase, or lease, buildings In the vicinity adapted to our wants, stables, EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 13 an office, boarding and lodging-houses for the men, a black- smith shop, tool houses, and other buildings are being erected. At the present time, about one hundred men are employed in removing the soil, preparatory to commencing the bank, and in clearing the land of stumps and rocks. When the buildings are ready for occupancy, the number of laborers will be in- creased. The gate-house and other structures at the Lake are generally in good order. The usual annual repairs will be required, and very soon much of the fencing must be renewed. At a proper time, it will be advisable to erect another house, for the use of the Superintendent. The house heretofore occupied by that officer is becoming old, and is not in the most desirable location for his residence. It could, however, be occupied advanta- geously by some of the employees upon the works, who are now compelled to reside at a considerable distance. The bridges, culverts, waste weirs, pipe chambers, and em- bankments, from the Lake to Brookline, were thoroughly cleansed, and put in good order, during the spring and summer. The water has been drawn from the conduit for various pur- poses twelve times during the year. A committee of the Board, the City Engineer, and the Superintendent, took these opportunities for making personal inspection of the interior. At different times, very nearly the whole line from the Lake to Brookline has been examined. Such repairs, as the limited time during which the water could be kept out of the conduit would allow, have been made. Several of the man holes were found in need of repair, to prevent the sand being washed into the conduit, and they have since been thoroughly cemented. The sections of the aqueduct most in need of attention are those nearest to Chestnut Hill Reservoir, and at Webber's Barn. They will be again examined at the earliest opportunity. As soon as the new Reservoir is completed, the whole line should be put in thorough repair. 14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. A slope wall has been laid during the year at the high bank next northerly from the gate-house, which will prevent the farther wash of the sand at that bluff. It is essential that this wall should be continued for a considerable distance in the same direction, as the sand from this shore is fast formino; a bank in front of the gate-house, and will soon prove a serious incon- venience. The island on the westerly shore of the Lake, near the Superintendent's house, which was washing away, has been surrounded by a stone wall, and sodded, and is now a pleasant feature in the scenery of the Lake. As the work at this island was done at the suggestion and under the direction of our late worthy Superintendent, it is proposed that, in remembrance of him, it shall henceforth be known as Knowlton's Island. The right of flowage at Lake Cochituate is predicated upon the location of Knight's Flume, so called, both in the original deeds and in the subsequent acts of the Legislature. This flume is a portion of the old mill which belonged to Mr. Knights, from whom the City purchased the property, and is situated within the Lake, and about thirty feet above the outlet-dam, in a southeasterly direction. The floor of the flume is always covered by water, and is liable to be carried away or displaced by accident. In order to fix this important point permanently, the City Engineer, at the request of the Board, on the 22d of October, the water being then at a favorable stage, directed it to be dammed out so as to expose to view the original plank composing the floor of the flume, and the point to which we are allowed to raise the dam above said flume, by the act of the Legislature, April 5, 1859, was per- manently preserved by causing the centre stone abutment of the outlet-dam to be cut down to the exact high-waterline, and the following inscription cut In the stone : " H. W., Apl. 5, 1859." As a further precaution, the levels were taken from Knight's 'Flume to the gate-house and to other points, which agree REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 15 substantially with the measurements as recorded in former Eeports. The results were 3,3 follows : — Floor of Knight's Flume, 1243306,) feet above tide marsh level. • High Water, 134,V^ i< <( (< Gate-house floor, 138xVV << << <( Interior bottom of Conduit, 121 <( <( <( Do. do. 3fA " below floor of Knight's Flume, Gate-house floor. 13/o\ " above the bottom of Conduit, The limit of flowage at Dug and Dudley's ponds was pre- served by inscriptions cut in the stane curb of the outlet-gate- cbamber at each pond. A particular description can be found in Report of City Engineer, dated Jan'y 17, 1866, upon the records of the Water Board. The purchase from I^ben Whitney of about three and a half acres of land in the town of Natick, lying on both sides of Pegan Brook, was completed by the present Board. This purchase of land was made to obtain the control of the mouth of that brook, which serves as a sewer to a considerable portion of the village of Natick. A filter-dam was constructed last year across its mouth, and has done good service. It is the intention of this Board, at the earliest practicable moment, to construct another filter upon the dam originally built to separate Whitney's meadow from the Lake. During the summer a new Culvert was laid under the road- way in Natick for Course Brook. By the action of the water and Ice last winter it received some damage. It has been repaired as well as circumstances will allow ; and as soon as the stage of water will permit, it will be put In thorough repair. The boundaries of the land awned by the City in the vicinity of the Lake need careful examination. The settina: of boundary posts, commenced last year, should be completed 16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. and trespassers removed before they gain possession, or the rights of the City otherways secured. Owing to the low state of the water on the 26th of Dec., 1864, the water from Dudley Pond was let into the Lake. This pond having a very limited area of water-shed, it rises slowly, but is now nearly at high-water-mark. Dug Pond was at high-water-mark on the 18th of July last ; subsequently the water has been let into the Lake, and it now stands at one foot two inches below that point. The walks and grounds at BrooJcUne Reservoir are generally in good order. The gate-houses need attention ; but these structures, like the conduit, cannot be spared long enough for extensive repairs at present. As soon as the works are in condition to allow it, they must have a most thorough exami- nation. A small tool-house is required, as the room in the gate-house, intended and heretofore used for the purpose, is unsuitable from dampness. A portion of the wooden fence needs immediate attention. The town of Brookline have claimed the right to tax the Reservoir and other real estate connected with the Water Works, situated in that town, and have levied taxes thereon. Believing that the property was not legally subject to taxation under the principle which we were advised universally prevails, that Corporations chartered for public purposes and for the public good, and not for private gain, hold their corporate property free from assessment for taxes ; measures were taken to bring the claim of that town to a legtil decision. An appeal was taken from the Assessors of Brookline to the County Commissioners of Norfolk County, and heard on the 27th day of December last, when a decision was made in favor of the City in accord- ance with the views we had previously entertained. The same question has been raised before by the town of Wayland, and was decided finally by the Supreme Judicial Court. The decision may be found in the 4th vol. of Gray's reports, page 500. REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 17 A schedule of the property in use upon the Western Division will be found annexed. EASTERN DIVISION. The work of the most importance during the year in this division was the raising of the 30 and 36 inch mains on Tremont Street. 1650 feet of each were successfully raised and secured in a manner creditable to the Superintendent. The total cost, including paving, was $16,322.91. The land appropriated by City Council, Dec. 16, 1864, to the use of the Water Board, oa the easterly side of Albany, and near Concord Street, has been inclosed by a substantial fence, and a building erected for the storage of materials and pipes. At some future day it is the intention of the Board to erect a house to be occupied by one or more of the employees of the department, who will serve as watchmen over the property in the yard, and attend to leaks or accidents that may occur to the pipes in that section of the City. For the detail of the work in this division, you are respectfully referred to the report of the Superintendent, which is annexed. The following statement is from the Report of the Clerk of the Board. For further particulars reference must be had to his report, which is annexed : — Amount of current expenses from January 1, 1865, to April, 30, 1866, including the raising of the pipes upon Tremont St., cost of meters and sundry other items which have heretofore been charged to '* extension of works," $ 158,867 05 Extension of works, including main pipe, land purchased of Whitney (at lake) , and build- ings and fence at new pipe yard on Albany St. $ 20,213.70. Chestnut Hill Reservoir, includ- ing cost of the land, 107,282 02 $266,149 07 18 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. Amount h'ought forward, $266,149 07 Credit, — By receipts for fines, letting off and on water, laying pipes, rent, &c. 20,400 00 Balance, $245,749 07 Salary of Water Eegistrar from January 1, 1865, to May 1, 1866, $2,533 34 Salary of treasury clerk in Water Board office, 2,000 00 ' $4,533 34 The amount of interest and premium on gold charged by Treasurer to the Water Works for financial year ending April 30, 1866, is, $453,925 00 Total expenditures for the Water Works to April 30, 1866, $12,152,934 94 Total receipts from all sources to same date, 5,380,959 79 Net cost of Water Works, including $107,- 282.02 expended on account of Chestnut Hill Eeservoir, to April 30, 1866, $ 6,771,975 15 STATISTICS. The following statistics, although most of them are to be « found in the former Reports of the Board, may be of interest to the public : — 1846. March 16. Act of Legislature granting leave to in- troduce water. 1846. August 20. Work commenced. 1848. October 25. Water celebration. ' 1859. April 5. Act of Legislature granting leave to raise the dam an additional two feet, making ten feet above Knight's flume. REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 19 Lake CocJiituate, at high water, flows about 800 acres. Ca- pacity of one foot at high water is estimated at 260,000,000 gallons. Water shed, 496,584,000 square feet. Dudley Pond, at high water, flows about 81 acres. This pond is shallow and has a limited water shed. Dug Fond, at high water, flows about 44 acres, and is a deep and reliable reservoir. High water is seven feet above high water in the Lake. Conduit — Length from Lake to Brookline reservoir 14 miles and 446 feet, including pipes at Charles River, and tunnels ; commenced October 19, 1846; water let into it Oct. 12, 1848 ; built of brick, 8-inch thick, egg shape, 6 feet 4 inches high, 5 feet wide ; descent, 3|. inches to mile ; total descent, 4tVct feet ; conduit cost, $ 817,717.73 ; land cost, $ 218,992.35. Brookline Reservoir — 22 jP^^^ acres ; depth 14 to 24 feet ; water let into it Nov. 16, 1848 ; capacity at two feet below dam about 120,000,000 gallons ; reservoir cost, $ 166,720.85 ; gate- house cost, $33,356.36. Beacon Hill Reservoir — Capacity, 2,678,961 gallons; 16 feet deep; total cost, $513,353.21 ; size, 290 feet by 190 out- side, 167 feet by 162 inside; height of wall, lowest point, 40 feet 8 inches ; walls 3 to 5 feet thick ; water let in to it November 23, 1849. South Boston Reservoir — Capacity, 7,508,246 gallons; 21 feet 3 in. deep ; water let into it Nov. 28, 1849 ; cost, $ 90,- 908.10. East Boston Reservoir — Capacity, 5,591,816 gallons ; 30 feet deep ; total cost, $ 66,103.09 ; water let into it Jan. 1, 1851 ; size, 322 by 150 feet. Chestnut Hill Reservoir is estimated to have, when finished, a water surface of 125 acres, and to hold about 700,000,000 gallons of water. 1859. March, 29. The break at Charles Eiver crossing; 100 feet conduit, gate-house, and pipes carried away ; water let in again on the 2d and 3d of April ; cost, $ 15,380.73. 20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. Large Iron Mains. — The water Is brought from Brookline Keservoir in three mains. A 30 and 36-inch through Roxbury aud Tremont Street, laid 1847. A 40-inch was laid over Mill- dam, 1859. The act of the Legislature confirming the right of the City to maintain it there was approved May 13, 1864. Respectfully submitted, OTIS NORCROSS, L. MILES STANDISH, NATHL. J. BRADLEE, JONAS FITCH, ALEXANDER WADSWORTH, JOHN H. THORNDIKE, BENJ. F. STEVENS, Cochituate Water Board. Schedule of property in use Western Division. 1 cart and harness, 2 boats, 30 shovels, 10 picks, 1 level, 1 wagon and harness, 1 hand-cart, 4 crowbars and rammers, 4 water-pails, 2 grindstones, 4 pair rubber boots, 22 lanterns, 2 hammers, 2 grass-hooks, 4 wrenches, 4 trowels, 2 axes, 2 hoes, 1 pair hedge-shears, 1 gravel-scow, 1 screen, 1 rain- gauge, 1 stove, 1 desk. OFFICE OF THE COCHITUATE WATER BOARD, BOSTON, June 1, 1866. Otis Norcross, Esq. President of the Oochituate Water Board : — Sir, — The following is a statement of the RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. Statement of Expenditures made by (he Cochituate fVater Boards from December 31, 1864, to May 1, 1866. Plumbing shop, for stock, &c. . Blacksmith shop '' '* Raising pipes on Tremont Street Land and water rights . Stables ..... Taxes .... Fountains .... Postage and express Tolls and ferriage . Tools .... Oil . . . . Travelling expenses Reservoirs, — Beacon Hill " South Boston . " East " " Brookline $191 44 603 94 16,322 91 1,200 00 1,513 45 214 87 410 82 35 22 174 16 214 76 128 75 152 64 878 55 565 99 529 52 1,103 00 Amount carried forward^ $24,240 02 22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. Amount brought forward, Repairing fenders at Chelsea and Charlestown bridges ....... Lake ........ Aqueduct repairs . . . . . Extra inspectors . . . . . . Service pipe ....... Main pipe . . Salaries (including clerks and inspectors in the water registrar's office,) . . . . Meters ....... Maintaining meters ...... Damage ....... Printing (including Water Registrar's and Super- intendent's,) ...... Stationery (including "Water Registrar's and Su- perintendent's,) Watchmen's services Miscellaneous expenses, — Copying two volumes of deeds, expense of the Board, repairing safe lock, &c. &c. .... Office expenses Laying main pipes, for stock, &c. Repairing stop-cocks " main pipe " hydrants . " streets . " service pipes Wages, — Laying main pipe " " service pipe . " Proving yard ** Blacksmith shop " Plumbing shop Amount carried forward, ,. $24,240 02 4,070 89 3,680 32 2,176 72 9,505 95 9,297 38 11,264 79 13,248 89 29,709 00 1,553 59 10 00 981 10 694 31 151 82 988 59 72 00 597 11 821 05 2,874 46 3,371 02 3,814 36 5,982 32 2,112 03 3,468 41 4,139 64 1,440 90 662 43 $140,929 30 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOAED. 23 Amount brought forward, $140,929 30 Off and on water, non-payment, waste and repairs 6,145 17 Hydrants . . . . . . . 1,471 85 Proving yard, stock, &c. .... 1,772 34 Stop-cocks 1,608 97 Hydrant and stop-cock boxes . . . 1,899 65 Upper yard, fence, buildings, &c. . . • 5,039 17 Chestnut Hill Eeservoir .... 107,282 02 Whole amount drawn by the Board . $ 266,149 07 Amount charged Chestnut Hill Eeservoir . . $ 107,282 02 Amount drawn for Water Works . . .. . 158,867 05 Total from January 1, 1865, to May 1, 1866, $ 266,149 07 CASH PAID CITY TREASUREK. For rent of Arches under Beacon Hill Reservoir . . • . For land sold .... " Wood " at Lake " Meter " . . . . " Fines for waste, &c., &c. . " off and on water for repairs,* For Pasture . . , . " Pipe, laying, repairing, &c., &c. 9,363 64 Chestnut Hill Reservoir, wood sold Balance Chestnut Hill Reservoir credited, wood sold Water Works credited, sundries * The City Treasurer received for off and on -water for non-payment of rates $ 1,778. $375 00 358 83 550 78 50 00 6,886 00 2,409 75 40 00 9,363 64 366 00 20,400 00 • 245,749 07 sold 366 00 20,034 00 20,400 00 24 CITY DOCUMENT. - No. 61. Amount brought forward , Total amount drawn for . . . . $266,14907 EXTENSION OF THE WORKS. Land of Mr. Whitney . . $ 1,200 00 Mam pipe .... 11,264 79 Wages laying main pipe . . 2,112 03 Laying main pipe . . . 597 11 Upper yard . . . . 5,039 77 20,213 70 245,935 37 Less amount charged Chestnut Hill Keservoir 107,282 02 Amount of expenses since Jan'y 1st, 1865 138,653 35 Expenditures and Receipts on Account of the Water Works, to May 1, 1866. , Amount drawn by Commissioners . . $4,043,718 21 Water Board, 1850, . 366,163 89 " ** Cochituate Water Board to July 1st, 1865 . . . . . 1,598,082 16 Am't drawn from Jan. 1st, 1865, to May 1st, 1866 266,149 07 $6,274,113 33 Amount paid the City Treasurer by the Commissioners . $ 47,648 38 Am't paid by Water Board, 1850, 8,153 52 *' ** «' Cochituate Water Board to Jan'y 1st, 1865 . . 128,712 08 Am't paid from Jan'y 1, 1865, to May 1, 1866 . . . 20,400 00 204,913 98 Net amount drawn from the Treasurer by the Commissioners and Water Boards, 6,069,199 35 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 25 t Gross payments for account of the Water Works, 12,152,934 94 Gross Receipts, . . . . 5,380,959 79 Net cost to the city, May 1, 18G6 . $ 6,771,975 15 SAMUEL N. DYER, Clerk Cochituate Water Board. REPORT OP THE SUPERINTENDENT OE THE EASTERN DIVISION. Boston, May 11, 1866. Otis Noeceoss, Esq. President Cochituate Water Board. SiE : I herewith submit my Report for the year 1865, as also a Report for from January 1, to April 30, 1866. A comparatively small amount of main pipe has been laid during the last year, owing to so few buildings having been erected on new lands. The largest part of the labor performed by the pipe-laying department was, in raising and lowering' mains to conform to the change in the grade of the streets, an account of which I give below. The excessive cold weather during the months of January and February, of the year 1865, caused more freezing in the mains and services than in any year previous, in consequence of which I have altered the rule of grade for laying these pipes, burying them from four and one half feet to five feet deep, as the location or soil may suggest. The 20-inch main over South Boston bridge was discovered to be broken, February 8, 1865, caused by the settling of one part, the other resting on a pile, — it was repaired the same day. This was the only Instance, during the year, of any leak of note. This line was opened this spring to ascertain the effect of the bituraenous coating after the action of the water on It for eight years. It was opened in the presence of a portion of the Water Board and the City Engineer. I refer you to his Report for the details. REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 27 The 40-iiich gate at the Brookline Reservoir being out of order so much as to make it impossible to close it, on the 8th of April, 1865, the line was shut oif, and the defect discovered to be occasioned by a large quantity of stone chips, some chisels, and other things in the recess where the friction wheels traverse. The power applied to shut this valve was so great as to com- pletely cut off the two one-and-one-half-inch brass axles of the wheels. They were cut as squarely as if they had been between the jaws of powerful shears. The defect was repaired on the 14th instant. The 40-inch gate at the Milldam Four Corners is in a bad condition now. When this is repaired, I would suggest that the gate-chamber be boxed with clay. Now, at every flow of the tide, it is filled with water, and will make the work of too long duration unless some method is taken to keep out the tide. A portion of the fender, or guard, to the pipes under War- ren Bridge was carried away last season and has been repaired, and now appears to be strong enough to resist any pressure likely to be brought against it. The planking over the high water gates on the Milldam has been removed during the year. The old covering was com- pletely rotten, as also the covering of the pipes over the culvert on the Brookline road, near Appleton Place. The extreme cold of the eighth and ninth of January, of the present year, caused the freezing of quite a number of the meters then in use. A great many of the buildings in the city are so constructed as to make it impossible to attach the meters so that they will escape the frosts, however much care may be observed in locating them, and it is extremely difficult to decide in the warm season the most suitable place to prevent this difficulty. I would suggest that the Board, as far as is possible, furnish me, in the cold season, a list of buildings that they propose to meter, so that the warmest place may be selected. The mains that have been changed during the year are as fol- lows : — 28 CITY DOCUMENT. — No: 61. Kaised, 1,650 feet of 36 inches, ) between Waltham and " 1,650 " 30 " 5 Newton streets. " 500 "12 " on Way Street. " 663 " " " on Newton Street. " 380 " 6 " on Border Street, and lo- cated on the opposite side of street. Taken up, 264 feet of 4 inches, on Western Avenue. " 624 " 4 " on Brookline Street. Lowered, 168 " 4 " on Concord Square. " 293 " 4 " on Temple Place. EEPORT OF THE WATEE BOARD. 29 Statement of Location, Size, and Number of Feet of Pipe laid in 1865. In what Street. Between what streets. BOSTON PROPER. West of Tremont Union Park and Clarendon West of Tremont Berkeley and Clarendon Concord and Springfield West of Tremont A.lbany Street and Harrison Avenue. . West of Tremont Tremont and Washington Lenox and Kendall South Cedar and the R. R. Bridge.. . . Total 6 inches in Boston West of Tremont Street Total 4 inches in Boston SOUTH BOSTON. Mercer and Gates Newman and Jenkins Fourth and Seventh Total 6 inches in South Boston. . . . B andC Dorchester and F For S. B. Iron Co Total 4 inches in South Boston ROXBURY. Near Texas Avenue Diameter of pipe in inclies. Feet of pipe. Rutland Square, Montgomery.... Dedham St. James Albany Canton , Canton , Pembroke , KendaU Tremont Ferdinand Concord Square. Eighth... Highland N Bolton... Dove Foundry. Tremont. 6 32?, 6 215 6 122 6 424 6 197 6 39 6 100 6 200 6 404 6 29 6 279 2,392 4 246 246 207 .■^lO 1,323 196 185 20S 5S9 30 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. EEOAPITULATION. 1S65. Diameter in Inches. 36 12 8 6 4 Boston Proper.. 1 2,392 5 1,323 200 246 5S9 1 Roxbury 1 3,915 5 835 Sums of Stop-cocks 1 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 31 Sis ■J ■^ ^ ^^ ^ i 1 0) ««■ II ei ,0) "^ o . to "" Og,H yj-MOS Cv^r-I Cv* ^ OC CO c« .^ so 1 •< 1 CO O S! c< CO OS ■o rs. c= ?^ 00 o Cv( ^ o 00 C^ 5 ■* C^ CO o lO CO CO CO ^ r>. o Si o l^ o. o 5 o S o rtl CO O O TTl CO ^ CJ r^ (X) GO ^ CO Ci^ 2? '"' Oi CO ^ o ss O CO c- C 1 » c. 11 K <M o CO 01 W CJ "t* In. o ^ o o '^ c< ■:£ "" M '-' <^ o ^ o Ci CO ot o w f Ci O) w r4 to o la CO a< rt ;2 Td oa a; r^ .I fe O w: In. C5 o cq oo JC -* OJ H CO o 00 o H ■* r^ '"' <M uf lO o o 00 c O 00 O § T CO 00 CO CM c " ; CO rt to -; • IfO o to CO o C - : 1 S? ■* • C<f TjH o 00 c5 : S t^ ft o ^ p. a o a o n : s 5 +3 S3 ft aj i >> 1 f : a : 15 ft o 1 c 1 i 3 s J c i £ 5 S H C 3 £ ' C 3 t, 3 a o 3 + I s I + = c ; 1 J _f o o 1 c a 2 ^ 3 1 1 ^ a 3 4 ^ 3 " c i :» 3 fcx c « f 3 c 3 .5 3 c 5 .£ 3 c ? g g .a c ^ s I i ^ :s 3 c ^ :^ 3 f :^ ^A K c t <: > c c > c 3 1 ; 1 :s 1 .5 a i « I 5 2 "^ J » 2 "^ J 5 3 :^ a) c ; c s ? c J ■+■ ■t ( -( ( 3 ^ tM ^ c > rC 2 C > i 3 "c 5 J o £ c 5 £ 3 t ; E 3 * 5 £ Q 3 3 ° 3 p" H 1 f= 't i 5 f H i 5 ^ H ^ !l 32 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. Statement of Service Pipes laid in 1865. ^ BOSTON PKOPEK. SOUTH BOSTON". EA-X 130S TON". Total. s Number of Pipes. Length in Feet. Number of Pipes. Length in Feet. Number of Pipes. Length in Feet. Number of Pipes. Length In Feet. 1 5 203 .... 2 282 7 485 I 4 164 4 164 i 180 6,927' 43 2,403 22 664 245 8,994 5 55 1,609 29 1,035 32 788 116 3,432 Aggre 372 13 075 Making the total number up to January 1, 1866. . . 25,631 Repairs of Pipes during the year 1865. DIAMETER OP PIPES IN INCHES. < WHEEE. 40 36 30 24 20 16 12 8 6 4 3 2 H n 1 1 i 5 g Boston South Boston East Boston. 11 3 2 7 13 1 - 25 1 47 1 1 17 42 4 10 3 3 9 1 309 44 25 17 11 508 62 37 Totals 11 3 9 14 26 48 1 17 42 4 16 10 378 28 607 Of the leaks that have occurred in pipes of 4 inches and upwards, 81 were on the joints, 6 by setthng of the earth, 16 by frost, 7 by defective pipe, 1 struck by pick; total, 111. Of the leaks of 2 and 3 inches and in service pipes, 171 by settling of earth, 72 by frost, 57 by defective pipe, 21 by defective joint, 4 by defective faucet, 21 by defective coupling, 6 by defective packing, 38 by rust, 13 faucet pulled out, 3 by REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 33 faucet blown out, 28 stiff connections, 23 stopped by fish, 26 struck by pick, 1 struck by nail, 5 eaten by rats, 1 by pile- driving, 1 by breaking of boxing, 1 by sewer-diggers, 1 stop- cock broken by sewer-diggers, 1 by flange blown out, 1 by settling of a drain, 1 cut by some person. Total, 496. Statement of Numher of Leaks, 1850-1865. 1850. 1851. 1852. 1853. 1854. 1855. 1856. 1857. 1858. 1859. 1860. 1861. 1862. 1863. 1864. 1865. DIAMETER OF Four inches and upwards. Less than Four inches. 32 72 104 64 173 237 82 241 323 85 260 345 74 280 354 75 219 294 75 232 307 85 278 363 77 324 401 82 449 531 184 458 592 109 399 508 117 373 490 97 397 494 95 894 489 111 496 607 34 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. Hydrants. During the year fifteen new Hydrants have been established, as follows: Nine in Boston proper, five in South Boston, and one in Roxbury. One Hydrant has been taken out, leaving a total of fourteen. Total number of Hydrants established up to January, 1?^66 : In Boston proper . . . . .991 South Boston ..... 327 East Boston . . . . . . 191 Brookline . . . . . . 3 Roxbury ...... 13 Charlestown . , . . . 11 Chelsea . . .... 8 Total 1,544 Thirty-one Hydrants have been taken out and replaced by new or repaired ones, and eighty-six boxes have been renewed. The Hydrants have had the attention of former years paid them. Stop-Cochs. Seven new Stop-cocks have been established this year, and twenty-seven boxes over old ones renewed. All the Stop-cocks have had the usual attention paid them. REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 35 Statement of Pipes and other Stock on hand, exclusive of Tools, January, 1866. NUMBEK OF Diameter in Inches. 40 36 30 24 20 16 12 8 Pipes Blow off Branches. T. Branches 3 Way Branches . . . 4 Way Branches... Flange Pipe Sleeves Clamp Sleeves Caps Reducers Bevel Hubs Curved Pipes Quarter Turns Double Hubs Offset Pipes Yoke Pipes Man-Hole Pipes . . . One eighth Turns. . Pieces of Pipe Stop-Cocks 115 63 Hydrants. 7 new Lovell, 6 Wilmarth (old), 5 Lovell, (old). For Hydrants. 7 bends, 42 lengtheners, 18 frames, 10 co- vers, 28 plungers, 14 screws, 23 wastes, 40 nipples, 33 valve seats, 55 stuffing boxes, 5 hose couplings, 656 lbs. composition castings, 2,540 lbs. iron castings, 32 lbs. of iron castings for wharf hydrants, 24 composition couplings for ditto, 4 wharf hydrants. 36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. For Stop-Cocks. 3 36-inch screws, 1 30-inch ditto, 2 24- inch ditto, 1 16-inch ditto, 25 6-inch ditto, 3 4-inch ditto, 6 4- inch unfinished ditto, 1 ditto for waste weir, 1 ditto for Brookline Reservoir, 3 12-inch plungers, 6 6-inch ditto, 5 4-inch ditto, 2 6-inch rings, 18 4-inch ditto. Meters. In the shop, 1 2-inch meter, 41 1-inch meters, 77 f-inch meters, 18 f-inch imperfect, 27 condemned, 140 meter boxes (wood). Sto(;h for Meters. 108 lbs. composition castings for 2-inch meters, 78 1-inch nipples, 328 -|-inch ditto, 8 1-inch connecting pieces, 5 f-inch ditto, 5 2-inch ditto, 29 f-inch stop-cocks, 20 1- inch ditto, 21 clocks, 40 glasses, 70 rubber nipples, 9 lbs. rubber packing, 31 brass spindles, 6 frame covers, 10 feet leather hose, 200 bolts, nuts and screws, 3 sheets straw paper, 4 platforms,. 2 3-inch fish-pots, 2 4-inch ditto. For Service Pipe. 7 1-inch union cocks, 22 f-inch ditto, 94 f-inch ditto, 31 i-inch ditto, 5 1-inch T cocks, 13 f-inch ditto, 9 f-inch ditto, 8 f-inch Y cocks, 8 air cocks, 29 f-inch straight cocks, 73 ^-inch ditto, 15 f-inch with lever handles, 4 2i-inch connection couplings, 9 l^-inch ditto, 23 1^-inch nipples, 40 1- inch couplings, 30 f-inch ditto, 16 f-inch male couphngs, 17 |-inch nuts, 40 f-inch couplings, 98 tubes and 40 nuts, 19 i- inch couplings and 40 nuts, 7 2-inch flanges, 3 1-inch ditto, 48 f ditto, 15 complete f double-headers with flanges and pipes, 3 6-inch flanges, 25 f-inch flange-cocks, 8 ^-inch ditto, 96 f-inch unfinished straight-cocks, 30 f-inch unfinished lever-handled cocks, 91 lbs. unfinished castings for couplings, 35 lbs. compo- sition castings for wharf hydrants, 363 lbs. composition castings for union cocks, 302 iron tubes, 200 iron caps, 75 extension tubes, 150 f-inch long boxes (iron), 20 1-inch ditto, 9 T boxes, 40 Y boxes, 20 square boxes. Lead Fij)e. 733 lbs. 2-inch pipe, 217 lbs. IJ-inch pipe, 1,658 lbs. 1-inch pipe, 420 lbs. f-inch ditto, 1,232 f-inch ditto, 726 lbs. i-inch ditto, 953 lbs. sheet lead, 67 lbs. block tin and solder, 60 lbs. f-inch block tin pipe. KEPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 37 Blacksmith Shop. 850 lbs. square Iron, 565 lbs. round iron, 700 lbs. flat ditto, 177 lbs. cast steel, 890 lbs. working pieces iron. Carpenter's Shop. 500 feet spruce plank, 400 feet spruce boards, 200 feet oak plank, 250 feet pine boards, 4 hydrant boxes, 14 top pieces, 50 hydrant boxes unfinished, 12 stop- cock boxes unfinished, 5 meter boxes unfinished, 125 lbs. nails and spikes. Wharf Hydrants. 4 complete, 2 incomplete. Stable. 3 horses, 3 wagons, 2 buggies, 1 pung, 5 sets har- ness, 2 sleighs, 1 ton English hay, 500 lbs. salt hay, 30 bushels grain, stable utensils. Tools. 1 steam-engine, 1 large hoisting crane, 1 boom der- rick, 4 geared hand derricks, 2 sets of shears and all the rigging for the same, tools for laying and repairing main and service pipes, 2 engine lathes, 1 fox ditto, 1 hand ditto, 1 upright drill- ng machine, 3 grindstones, and the necessary tools for carrying on the machine, blacksmith's, carpenter's, and plumber's shops, 2 large tool houses, 1 small ditto, 1 40-inch proving press, 1 36-inch ditto, 1 small ditto, also ofiice furniture, and a large lot of patterns stored at pipe-yard and at the founderies where we obtain castings. A.t Beacon Hill Reservoir. 5 swivel pipe patterns, 1 swing stage, capstan frame and levers, 1 composition cylinder, 1 6- iuch ditto, 4 jets, 1 reducer and two sets of 12-inch plates, and 2 4-inch plates, 3 composition reel jets, 6 cast iron jets, 1 drink- ing fountain. Miscellaneous. 1 freight of gravel, 200 bricks, 768 lbs. gasket, 5 kegs bolts, 375 feet damaged hose, 1 cord wood, 16 gallons oil, 12 lbs. old composition, 1 load sand, 12 reservoir gate covers, 5 manholes, 6 plates, lot of old lumber, lot of old machinery from Marlboro. Respectfully submitted, E. R. JONES, Superintendent Eastern Division, B. W. W. WATER REGISTRAR'S REPORT. Water Eeqistrar's Office, Boston, May 1, 1S66. Otis Norcross, Esq. President of the Cochituate Water Board: Sir: In compliance with the 16th section of the Ordinance, providing for the care and management of the Boston Water Works, I have the honor to submit the following EEPORT : The total number of water-takers now entered for the year 1866, is 27,489, being an increase, since Jan. 1, 1865, of 443. During the year 1865, there have been 677 cases where the water has been turned off for non-payment of water-rates. Of this number 559 have been turned on, leaving a balance of 118 still remainins: off. The total amount of water-rates received from Dec. 31, 1864, to January 1, 1866, is . . . . . $450,34148 Of the above there was received for water used in previous years, the sum of $ 23,054 16 Leaving the receipts for water fur- nished during the year 1865, the sum of . . . 427,287 32 In addition to the above there has been received for turning on water in cases where it had been turned off for non-payment of rates, the sum of . 1,092 00 Total $451,433 48 The amount received for water-rates from Jan. 1, 1866, to May 1, 1866, is . . $ 340,966 53 Amount carried forward ^ $451,433.48 KEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 39 Amount brought forward, % 451,433.48 Of this amount there was received, for water used in previous years, the sum of . . . . 27,165 06 Leaving the receipts for water (as- sessed for the year 1866), to May, 1,1866, the sum of . . 313,^01 47 In addition to this amount there has been received for water furnished by meters from Jan. 1, 18()6, to April 1, 1866, the sum of . 34,349 51 The total amount received from Jan. 1, 1866, to May 1, 1866, for turning on water in cases where it had been turned off for non-payment of rates, is . . 686 00 376,002 04 Total receipts from Jan. 1, '65, to May 1, 1866, $ 827,435 52 The increased amount of Income in 1865, over the previous year, is $19,446 72 The total amount of assessments now made for the present year, is . . . . . 360,436 37 The estimated amount of income from the sales of water during the year, 1866, is . . 475,000 00 The expenditures of my office during the year 1865, has been 14,652 24 The items of this expenditure are as follows : — Paid Wm. F. Davis as Registrar . . . $1,900 00 Chas. H. Little as Treasurer's clerk . . 1,475 00 Charles L. Bancroft as clerk . . . 1,089 96 Stephen Badlam " " . . . 1,089 96 Edward Jennings . . . . . 960 72 Charles C. Badlam 960 72 Amoun t carried forward , $7,47636 40 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. Amount hrought forward, Paid George Stanwood on meters R. D. Child as Inspector C. M. Thompson " F. W. Fay T. L. Kelley, J. Hay ward " M. F. Hews F. W. Tewksbury «' H. S. Talbot J, F. Mayo on meters G. E. Hunt as Inspector E. A. Kendall " " B. F. Doten " G. E. Richardson " A. G. Bugbee " Geo. Chamberlain " R. F. Lyman, " F. Crowell " . E. A. Jennings " M. O. Donnell " E. A. Sherman " James Tuttle " D. H. Bradlee F. H. Phillips John Sherburn " T. H. Palmer F. C. Hogan " H. T. Beal Ames Ramsdell ' ' E. B. Chandler " J. L. Fairbanks for stationery . J. E. Farwell & Co. for printing Amount .... $7,476.36 720 91 690 81 630 81 630 81 685 81 600 81 222 50 217 50 212 50 238 68 181 67 155 00 120 00 117 50 115 00 115 00 110 00 102 00 84 17 60 00 60 00 1^0 00 57 50 57 50 52 50 50 00 29 17 29 17 29 17 10 00 291 25 438 14 14,652 24 EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 41 A.mount brought forward, $14,G52 24 The expenditures of my office from January 1, 1866, to date, have been $ 5,265.00. The items of this expenditure have been as follows : — Paid Wm. F. Davis as Water Eegistrar, $ 633 33 Charles H. Little Treasurer's Clerk . 500 00 Charles L. Bancroft as clerk . 363 32 Stephen Badlam <' " . . 363 32 Edwin Jennings " " . 363 32 C. C. Badlam as Inspector . 320 24 R. D. Child " " . . 253 33 J. Hay ward " '* . . 253 33 T. L. Kelley " " . . 253 33 F. W. Fay " " . . 253 33 C. M. Thompson " " , . 253 33 H. T. Beal " " . . 253 33 Ames Ramsdell " " . . 253 33 F. C. Hogan " " . . 253 33 W. K. Langford " " . . 170 86 J. F. Mayo on meters . . . 315 18 J. L. Fairbanks, stationery . . 112 00 J. E. Far well & Co. printing . . 96 79 5,265 00 Total 19,917 24 42 ^ CITY DOCUMENT. - No. 61. METERS. The total number of meters now applied to the premises of water-takers, is 586. Of this number 420 are |-inch, 143 1- inch, 19 2-ineh, 3 3-inch, and 1 4-inch size. They are attached to a variety of establishments, embracing hotels, railroads, manufactories, stables, confectionery, oyster saloons, ai^d build- ings occupied by several tenants. REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 43 The following table exhibits the yearly revenue received from the sales of Cochituate water, since its introduction into the city, October 25, 1848:. Received by Water Commissioners, as per 's Report, in 1845 , $972 81 uary 1, 1849, to January 1, 1850, 71,657 79 1850, 1851, 99,025 45 1851, 1852, 161,052 85 1852, 1853, 179,567 39 1853, 1854, 196,352 32 1854, 1855, 217,007 51 1855, 1856', 266,302 77 1856, 1857, 282,651 84 ■ 1857, 1858, 289,328 83 1858, 1859, 302,409 73 1859, ( r- 1860, 314,808 97 18G0, 1861, 334,544 86 1861, 1862, 365,323 96 1862, 1863, 373,922 33 1863, 1864, 394,506 25 1864, 1865, 430,710 76 1865, 1866, 450,341 48 1866, May 1, 1866, 375,316 04 Total . $5,105,803 94 44 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61, Statement showing the number of houses, stores, steam en- gines, &c. in the City of Boston, supplied.with Cochituate water to the 1st of January, 1866, with the amount of water-rates paid for 1865 : — 19,508 Dwelling-houses 34 Boarding do 104 Model do . 6 Lodo;in2: do 14 Hotels 4,473 Stores and shops 196 Buildings . 413 Offices . . . 50 Printing offices . 25 Banks . 31 Halls . . . 1 Theatre 27 Private schools . 9 Asylums 3 Green-houses 64 Churches 7 Markets . 17 Cellars . 376 Restaurants and saloons 4 Club-houses . 4 Bath-houses 50 Photographers 15 Packing-houses . 984 Stables . . . 24 Factories . 1 Brewery 2 Beer factories . 5 Bleacheries 1 Laundry . . Amount carried forward, . 1238,033 12 1,809 00 4,342 00 158 00 1,073 00 40,251 57 7,256 95 3,263 49 717 33 313 00 ' 476 25 19 50 • 224 00 503 63 32 00 686 63 8li0 50 783 00 4,639 89 . 8Q 50 255 00 1,571 CO 355 96 8,105 43 646 13 25 00 73 00 69 50 25 00 $316,685 38 EEPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 45 Amount hr ought forward , 1 Dj-ehouse 65 Bakeries . 5 Ship yards 1 Dry dock . . . . 2 Dry docks and engines . 49 Shops ' ' 13 Stores ' ' , , 5 Foundries ' ' , , 10 Factories ' • » 7 Printing ' ' , , 1 Bakery ' ' 1 Ship yard ' ' . 2 Binderies ' ' , , 3 Buildings * ' , , 1 Pottery ' ' 1 Laundry * * . 35 Stationery engines 5 Armories 3 Gymnasiums . 415 Hand-hose 15 Fountains Gaslight Co. (9 months) Gaslight Co. (filling tanks) MilldamCo. . State House . Home for discharged soldiers Home for Little Wanderers U. S. Rendezvous Custom House 50 Steam-boats Office (Harbor Master) . Do. (city scales ) . . Amount carried forward, $316,685 38 54 00 538 50 34 42 25 00 34 00 4,205 25 1,055 34 254 00 630 96 698 98 33 00 62 07 223 82 378 44 35 00 36 00 1,349 68 61 50 56 50 2,790 00 118 00 569 67 295 46 300 00 -134 50 50 00 49 58 54 50 150 00 7,296 08 6 00 9 00 $338,274 63 46 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. Amount brought forward ^ $338,274 63 1 Old State House . 27 00 1 Court House .... 262 50 1 Probate building . . . 47 50 1 House of reception 10 00 6 Fire-alarm moters . . . 65 00 22 Fire-engine, hose and hook and la< ider houses .... 527 00 8 Police stations . . . 728 00 279 Public schools 1,894 00 2 City stables .... 135 00 1 Oifal station .... 200 00 1 Steamer Henry Morrison . 192.56 1 House of Correction 462 00 1 Jail for Suffolk County 243 00 1 Lunatic Hospital . 225 00 X Free City do. . 250 00 1 Public Library, . . 50 00 1 Faneuil Hall . . . . 40 00 1 City building .... 37 50 1 Shop (Paving Department) 9 00 Common Sewer Department (mal dng mortar) .... 50 00 Public urinals 145 00 Street sprinkling 400 00 Deer park .... 10 00 Boston Common . . . 50 00 Fining boiler : 2 00 Mechanic's Fair .... 25 00 Building purposes . 1,602 79 Contractors for supplying shipping 2,071 67 Metered water 79,251 17 $427,287 32 KEPOKT OF THE WATER BOARD 47 Statement showing the Number and hind of Water Fixtures con- tained within the Premises of Water-takers in the City of Boston to January 1, 1866, as compared with previous years. 1863 1864 1865 KEMARKS. 4,789 4,831 4,797 Taps. These have no connection with any drain or sewer. 37,289 38,844 40,184 Sinks. 14,100 15,488 16,767 ■ Wash-hand basins. 4,921 5,262 5,475 Bathing- tubs. 5,788 6,286 ^,752 Pan water-closets. 6,529 7,117 7,317 Hopper water-closets. 181 " " pull. 846 935 315 " " self-acting 213 " " waste. 498 " " door. 1,548 1,644 1,741 Urinals. 4,967 5,535 6,087 Wash-tubs. These are permanetly at- tached to the building. 17 12 737 Shower-baths. 12 12 13 Hydraulic rams. 729 708 715 Private hydrants. 216 278 334 Slop-hoppers. 28 Foot-baths. 81,751 86,9-49 92,154 Respectfully submitted, WILLIAM F. DAVIS, Water Registrar. REPORT OF THE CITY ENGINEER. Office of City Engineer, Boston, April 30, 1866. Otis Norckoss, Esq. President Cochituate Water Board: Sir : The following Report relating to the general condition of the Water "Works, — so far as the same has come to my knowledge by personal observation and the partial reports made to me by the Superintendents, as required by the rules of the Board, — has been prepared in compliance with the 13th section of the Water Ordinance. LAKE COCHITUATE. From personal examinations of the several structures, &c. at the Lake, at various times during the past year, I am gratified to say that, their condition, as well as that of the adjacent grounds, is generally good, and, in some respects, improved. The principal exception is in the condition of the Course Brook culvert, — a new structure, built, under rather unfavorable cir- cumstances, by the late lamented Superintendent of the Western Division. A portion of the lower end of this culvert fell in this spring, and has been temporarily repaired. At the next low stage of the water this culvert should be rebuilt, and more care taken to secure a firm foundation for the inverted arch, at a lower level, and also to prevent the passage of the water along the outside of the culvert, washing away the sand, and thus, in time, undermining it. The slope-walls which have been built during the year in the Northern Division of the Lake are a manifest improvement, and have not only improved the appearance of the shores, but have REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 49 served to arrest the rapid encroachments of the water upon the sandy borders of the Lake. The necessity of continuing to extend these walls is undoubtedly fully appreciated by the Board. The Filter-dam at Pegan Brook has continued to work well, requiring but little repairs during the year. The surface of the water in the Lake on the first day of Jan- uary, 1865, was five feet ten inches above the bottom of the con- duit, or seven and one half feet below high-water mark. On March the nineteenth the Lake was full, and on the thirty-first of the same month the water began to waste at the outlet-dam. June first, the waste ceased, and on the sixteenth the Lake began " to fall, continuing to lower, with slight fluctuations, until the eighteenth of December, when the lowest point of the year, eight feet three inches above the bottom of the conduit, was reached. The water commenced to rise December twenty-fifth, and on the first of January, 1866, stood at 8 feet 11 inches, or 3 feet 1 inch higher than at the beginning of the year. The lowest point reached in 1865 was 3 feet 5 inches higher than the lowest point of 1864, — a result entirely due to the marked decrease in the consumption of water ; for, if the rate of con- sumption had been the same from June sixteenth to December twenty-fifth, — the term during which the water in the Lake was falling, — as the average rate of 1864, the increased amount drawn from the Lake would have been equivalent to a depth of 3 feet 6 inches, and the water in the Lake would have stood on the twenty-fifth of December, 1865, one inch lower than the lowest point of 1864, or only 5 feet 9 inches above the bottom of the conduit. It is, indeed, a source of congratulation that the efforts jaf the Board have been so effectual in checking the inordinate waste of water, which a few years since threatened to exhaust our source of supply. In order to realize fully the importance of economy in the use of the water, it Is only necessary to suppose a possible con- 7 50 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. tingency. We began the year 1865 with only 5 feet 10 inches of water in the Lake above the bottom of the conduit. Suppose that, instead of the gratifying economy which has reduced the consumption to a daily average, — for the whole year, of 12,- 662,000 gallons, — the wastefulness of 1861, when the esti- mated consumption was over 18,000,000 gallons, had pre- vailed ; and suppose also, that, instead of the actual rain-fall at the Lake for the past year, — 49x^0^ inches, — we had had only 27f^ inches, which was the actual rain-fall of 1822, the result would have been that the water in the Lake, on the first of January, 1866, would have been nearly four feet helow the bottom of the conduit, and artificial means would have been necessary for several months of the year to raise the water into the conduit. From the table showing the average monthly and yearly heights of the water in the Lake, above the bottom of the con- duit, since 1850, it will be seen that the averao;e height for the year 1865 has been lO^^^ay feet, or very nearly the same as the previous year, and that the lowest average monthly height for the year was T^Vt) feet, being two feet higher than the lowest average for 1864. The usual statement of the rain-fall on the water shed of the Lake, the amount of water consumed and wasted, the avail- able amount received into the Lake, and the available percent- age of the annual rain-fall for a term of twelve years, is here- with submitted ; from which it appears that the daily average amount received into the Lake during the term was about 22^ millions of gallons : that the average daily waste (reckoning the whole number of days in the year,) at the outlet-dam, for the first six years of the term, — before the raising of the dam, — was 14,378,900 gallons, while for the last six years it was 3,938,560 gallons : it also appears that the available percentage of rain-fall received into the Lake for the past year was 43, and the average for the whole term was 48. KEPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 51 The following statement shows the amount of water wasted at the outlet-dam during the year : — March, 1 day . . . . 26,853,062 gallons. April, 30 days . . . 526,626,253 " May, 31 " . . . . 1,134,641,359 " Total .... 1,688,120,674 '« This amount is equal to a daily average, for the whole year, of about 4,625,000, and could it have been stored, would have supplied the city for 133 days at the average rate of consump- tion for the year. CONSUMPTION OF WATER. The usual statement of the daily average number of gallons of water consumed for each month and year from 1849 to 1865, inclusive, is herewith presented, and it must be a source of gen- eral satisfaction to our fellow-citizens to know that the daily average for the past year amounts to only 12,662,000 gallons, against 16,681,000 for the previous year, a reduction of 4,219,- 000 gallons per day, or over twenty-five per cent. And it will be seen, by an inspection of the table or statement above re- ferred to, that the daily average for the last three months of the year was only 11,300,000 gallons, being a still further reduc- tion of 1,362,000 gallons per day. The estimates of con- sumption have been made by the same method employed for the past two years, and the results are probably somewhat in excess of the actual consumption. During the past year the water was shut off at the Lake nine times for the purpose of measuring the amount actually used by the city, by observations of the heights of the water in the Brookline and city reservoirs. These observations were taken on two days in February, two in April, three in May, and two in June, and covered each day of the week, being, in every instance but one, taken every hour of the day and night, and 52 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. with great care. A statement of the result of these observations will be found in a subsequent part of this report, from which it will appear that the least amount consumed in one day was 7,339,803 gallons for the twenty-four hours ending at twelve o'clock, M. on the thirtieth of April, and the largest amount consumed was 13,074,433 gallons for the twenty-four hours ending at twelve o'clock, m. June third. The average for the nine days was 10,735,723 gallons, or nearly 2,000,000 gallons less than the average for the whole year as estimated by the usual method. It will also be observed that for three days of the nine the actual consumption was only seven to nine millions of gallons per day, thus showing that the present legitimate wants of the city can be adequately served with a supply of, say, eight millons of gallons per day, and that the amount con- sumed in excess of that sum is, if not wasted, an unnecessary and extravagant use. This view is still further corroborated by an inspection of the night consumption for tl^e four hours from midnio-ht to four o'clock A. M. — hours when the rate of con- sumption should be very materially reduced : for it will be seen that the average hourly consumption for these hours, taking the eight days upon which the observations were made hourly, was 282,000 gallons, or at the rate of 6,768,000 gallons per day. That such a rate of consumption during the four hours after midnight is not legitimate, except in case of fire, must be self- evident, and a large proportion must be accounted waste. The only fire of any magnitude which occurred between midnight and four o'clock, a.m. on the days the observations were taken, was the Court and Sudbury Street fire on the thirtieth of April, between three and four o'clock, a. m., and it appears that the average draft per hour for two hours after the fire broke out was about 315,000 gallons, while on the other nights, when there were no fires, the hourly draft ran as high as 500,000 and 600,000 gallons. These facts must prove that, even the re- duced rate of consumption of the past year involves a large waste or illegitimate use, and that, as I said before, we can REPOET OF THE WATER BOARD. 53 easily reduce our consumption to eight millions of gallons per day and be amply served. The greatest estimated amount consumed on any one day during the year was about 18,000,000 gallons, on the twenty- second of January. CONDUIT. A thorough examination of the interior of the conduit has been made during the year in company with the Superintendent and members of the Board. The section from the Lake to Dedmun's Brook waste-wier was found to be coated with the peculiar vegetable matter alluded to in former reports, and has been thoroughly cleaned by the Superintendent. Those portions of the conduit resting on embankments and alluded to in former reports as being defective, by reason of cracks caused by the settling or spreading of the banks, were specially examined, and no marked change was apparent. In cases where repairs had been previously made, as at station 168 on the first division, at Ware's Valley and Webber's Barn, a slight crack In the cement pointing of the old fissures Indicated that the widening of the breaches at these localities had not ceased, and that a more radical treatment of these difficulties must be applied to insure perfect safety. The worst cracks that were repaired during the year, were In those portions of the conduit in Newton where It crosses the " Bennett" and " Brown" meadows, so called, now owned by the city, and to form a part of the new reservoir. The cracked portion on the ' ' Bennett " meadow extends from about station 119-2 to station 126, — about 650 feet In length, — and that on the "Brown" meadow extends from station ISSa to station 1374, about 400 feet in length. As the embankments at these localities are to form a portion of the bank or dam of the new reservoir, both of these defective sections of the conduit will have to be rebuilt and placed upon foundations of solid masonry to insure perfect security. At several points on the line where the conduit is located in wet places and in deep cuttings 54 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. fissures were found bringing in water, and in some places considerable sand. The worst of these were at stations 75, 76 and 98, on the first division; at stations 20 and 32, on the second division; and at stations 37i and 40, on the third divi- sion. These fissures have all been plugged with wooden wedges and the sand brought in removed. The water havinsr been shut off' twelve times during the year has afforded opportunities for a thorough cleaning and a partial repairing of those portions of the conduit and tunnels requiring the same, so that the whole line may be said to be in better general condition than for years. EASTERN DIVISION. For the details of the condition of the works in this division the Board is referred to the Report of the Superintendent. The usual statement of the average monthly heights of the water in the Brookline and city reservoirs, above tide marsh level, for the past five years, has been prepared and is herewith submitted. It will be observed that the marked reduction in the consump- tion of water is apparent in the increased height at which the water in the city reservoirs has been maintained. The average level in the Beacon Hill Reservoir for the year was 3^^ feet higher than in 1864; in the South Boston 2^ feet higher; and in the East Boston ^ feet higher. The following table shows the yearly average loss of head from Brookline to the city reservoirs for the past five years. 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 Loss of head from Brookline to Beacon Hill Loss of head from Brookline 6.54 9.66 27.47 6.35 8.93 28.27 6.27 11.05 30.24 6.10 11.82 28.04 3.21 9.24 Loss of head from Brookline 28.09 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 55 In 1858, when the Dover Street Bridge was rebuilt, a por- tion of the main pipe which supplies South Boston was replaced with new pipes of Scotch manufacture, covered inside and out with a bituminous coating, designed to prevent rust and the formation of tubercular accretions on the inside of the pipes. An opportunity was recently aiforded to examine the interior of one of these pipes, and it was found to be remarkably clean and free from rust and tubercles. The result of this experiment is very satisfactory, and there can be very little doubt that we now have a simple and not very expensive means of preventing the growth of tubercular accretions in cast iron pipes. CHESTNUT HILL RESERVOIR. During the past year a party has been detached from my office to make the necessary surveys to determine the location and construction of this reservoir. A preliminary rough survey had already been made, and furnished approximately the means of ascertaining the limits of the land, required to construct the reservoir and protect the same from the liability of future objectionable surface drainage, or the too close proximity of any offensive establishments. The exact lines of all the separate estates within these limits were carefully surveyed and run out before proceeding to purchase the land, and since then a complete and thorough topographical survey of the whole territory has been made. Eoutes for the location of the main pipe or pipes to connect the reservoir with the present mains leading from Brookline to the city have been examined and partial surveys made ; the exact route, however, has not yet been determined. The estimates and reports made to the Board during the year, and the constant oversight of the work exerdsed by the Com- mittees having the same in charge, have probably placed at your . disposal all the information regarding the reservoir which the Board may desire to publish in the present Annual Report. 56 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. H <Si < •:2 ^ ^ H H ^ Ph s a i P ^ W !k "A .S ^ to^ ^ Ss <!') VJ ^ ^>1 oooooooooooc > o oooooooooooc ) o oooooooooooc > «D 00 GJ"— i^OCOCOt^-*<M'— lrH-5t 00 oc3OOt--<M!X>O(MC;03a ) -* Ob-1000C0C<l>-IOlO00OC^ o_ C<l(M(MOO>-ICO<N.-l.-li-lcr oi" OOOOOOOOOOOC > o OOOOOOOOOOOC 3 O t^OOCOOOO-^COOOOOWtMC- co^ 00 CMO»OOCO-*000'-Ii:oi> r o" O^<M^O00l0<>J^t^00C > '^l t-COrTJlO"— ICJO'-^t^t^COO" 5 CO C^o"O00G^C^'-^''-^~1-^"o"o"r- ^ o" rH 1—1 *" ■* ^~ ^ r- H 1- oooooooooooc > o oooooooooooc > o cqca.— iiocoiMOOi— l-!J^aoc^^l:r I o 00 10'*<MC010lOC000(MC:iOl^ " c^r C510C»COW5^i-l<M^OCOC J o <ricD>ot-t.ot-oot-t^O»r J C5 ooffliooo'-ioooiajooc 3 C5 .-1 rH T— ( i-( rH 4 > o oooooooooooc 3 O 10COC<10-*C5C<lC5t~i-4^t-^-^ 1, eo^ CO 00 <£<^<^o^'n-iad^r-^<S-r^-^<x r cf lo-^oooq'^iocD^t-cMo- ) ^ 00<MCr5r-IC500-*OOOOC- ) lO OOOOQOb-OOOOODOOQDCOODO' > 00 OOOOOOOOOOOC > o oooooooooooc > o 05COr-(t-0'-IOCOOOOCr 3 00 C5 00 OO"— lOOOCooocsOOt^ir- 5 la 000<M^lOCOOO<MCOCOCr 3 C<1 (Mt-lOOCOOOt-OOOr- H »— 1 oocoaooooooocsost-cocot- 00 OOOOOOOOOOOC > o OOOOOOOOOOOC 5 O t-.-ICr3(M'*OC<lOOOlOM ^ 00 1-1 00 CO-— It-XOOOlOOlOOOCOC J CO co<McococowoococO'-(t-'i: 3 00 (M (M 1-1 TO (^a C5 >-l <M C^ l- -* e 3 oo t^t^oioeot^t-t^t^cnot^ CO OOOOOOOOOOOC 3 O OOOOOOOOOOOC 3 O t-0<MO'-llO<M'^l-'2C010C 3 O o GO I-l r-l"^i-lr-(OO-*'*)0-*0t- t^ OOi-i^O-^iOi-iOOOOOCC 1 CO I— IMOOCSCOOJIOOIOIOCJC 3 oo ioio-*"M4ioooocoO'*'*ir 3 »0 O C5 oooooooc o O o oooooooc o o o oo ooo^o^o^c o^ Ci OO 1-4 o~ cT ooocTocToc o o »o oooooiooc 00 t-- lO OCOOOrHOOlOCOCC o r-i " co-*-*i-^"*-*coer 0-5 03 ^ a ;- ;- £_ =2 o > 1 ! 1 i 1 > > i: > < a a - 1 } c a ) > ) c 1 a c a p C3 > < REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 57 ■5 .-1 •* CO !N -* C5 IC CI CO CO IM -* CO •«*i C5 CO 00 o o lO <M t- CO o CO lO CO o 00 CO (M rH o CO CO s -* CO _l t^ ^ t^ Ol OO t- '^ CO Ci :> o »c lO 00 CO 05 t- C5 oo o t^ CO -1 CO '^ CO IM CO <M o a o C5 I— ( ^^ O ffl) t- o t~ 00 00 CO t- o lo" CO <l (M r~i 1—1 rH T-4 T-H '"' rH 1—1 ""^ '"' 5 o o o o o o o o o o o o 3 O o o o o o o O o o o o :> o o o o o o o O o o o o <) 1-1 05 1—1 o 00 C5 t~ t- 00 CM 1— 1 00 5 o o <M G3 CO CO 05 lO CO CO »o CO 3 05 -* CO t- CO <M <M 05 03 OO 1— ( <M 00 lO -* -+i t- t^ C5 t^ CO CO C5 t- H >— 1 1-1 1—1 1—1 tH '-' "-< '-' rH "-l :> o D O 5 O o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o ■5 IC 1:^ 3 1-1 1-4 o in o o CO 00 (M CO (M CO ■5 -* H 1—1 CO I-l 1—1 CO CO (M 1—1 o I-l 1-1 (M ci ^ P=* S ^ pi bo o ^ « 58 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 61. en CO 55 ^ S . CO ^ ■ rH C5 C5 lO Ci CO O 10 T-H )0 £ i-H CJ CO 00 -* <M O C-I ^ O CI o t- !K=a a lO O (M O O O >0 00 UO l-H i-H .-H ■«S o CO cq ^ C5 00 O 00 CT 00 I- O CI ^ -* ^+1 oo c: I t- T-H lO O --1 o o +2 m C3 O t- -* -* l- ■^ CO 'Ti ■* CO CO -"H <gg O *~i 00 -* O CO t- "-H CO C5 >0 O CO >— 1 . • 1-t o lo o i^ o 0<l CI T)H CO lO' C5 a-a CO -* r- H -*i CI C3 -+I lo o ■* cq o O °^^ O ^H C^l lO O (M CS, t~ O ^ CO 1^ CM O i-H O O O •* O 1— 1 »0 CO CO sl "3 (M O O O lO tlO >0 CO CO -* -* -* O '"' O O >C O O lO »0 t^ CI -* CO oo lO lO Cq lO i-t b- — 1 t- lO -* CI 00 fl l- ^ CI T-l t^ CI CO t~ CI CO CO '^ )0 o CO IM Cq »-l t- K5 O CO CO ^ CO 1^ ^ |>J (M 0-1 CM --I O 1— 1 CO CO ■— 1 CO O 3 ^ c« O O CO CO o ^ O CO .Ki ■* -cJH -5H g^ o C5 lO lO O o era CI CO b- CO -H l- sS (M CO CO ^ r-l CO CO CO lO CI o >o fl .-1 00 C^l !-H O t-l lO O CO CO CO o g-3 o i-H C-1 O t^ C) CO CO t^ ^ CI CI lO ^M ^ 00 <M (M d --I t^ CO CO CI 05 CI CO • >, 13 O CO CO CO t^ »0 lO C4 CI C4 CO o ^3 O CO .- < CO CI CO .-H O -* -* CO Ci 0)0 O (M 00 lO CO 1:^ CI O CI Ci CO 1-1 ■8 IS i O —1 I' ^ CO lO lO CI lO CJ o ^ t- o CI CO CI O CO o CO CO 1-1 • GO O CO ^ O CO CO CO C5 C5 ■-I O lO >o o o 05 -^ SI si ^ CO CO ^ C^ '^l CO CO ■* -*l CI CO PB O CO b- O) CO O t^ »~- CO O CO 1-H " CI -* t^ O CO o O 00 00 C5 Ci -* w"^ C3 CO -^ CO 'Si. lO >o lO .-1 --H t- CO 00 .3 S3 O (M O O >-l CO CO lO O O t^ fH CI a 00 (M C o o »o b- O O O -^ t^ l| t- CO CO r-H CO ^ -* CO CO CI rH ss ^ O CI o o o b- O CO CO Ci -+I s , 03 CO »0 t- CO lO lO t- UO r-H CO -* CO ^■8 ^ O CI O -* (M <N CO CI t^ O >-< lO o •8^ t~ era lo o -* -* >0 ■<+l ■* CO t^ '-H a CO 00 lO --l '— 1— 1 C5 O O >-0 CI CO o -^ -^ -^ CO CO CO CJ CO CO i-H CI CI 13 ■ o o 1^ m o CO a t^ lO o •8cq cd o cri us o .-( ■^ CO r-T CI ■^ C! « •^ l> cr c > c C£ o c" c; IT If o »f oc If If c ) m s-* a IT CJ cr C£ lO l> l> c- cr c > 00 .8^ o c -* F- cr o c c If -<* Ift cr a- Cl 'St l^ C^ cr cr c t~ s^ "3 C£ CI- cr »r -* CI- c; 5- -<* Ci l^ «ta o % \ ^ fe ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ g is p. (M (>■ ■ n ; ^ (1 (^ Ah p. ll d c f— tf" ! <^ er ■<* If CO t- oc a- "- o '" ^ c c c > c ) o c c c c c % ft. C H c t 5 !s )5 % % ^ < ^ le ^ si ; ^ < fr »■ a- i (^ p- ll d d c i f- 4 Ss er "i i« cr t- « o- 1—1 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 59 w s s i-l i-l CI 60 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. Conduit. The following table shows the different heights at which the water has been running, and the number of days in each month at the different heights. The height of the conduit is six feet four inches. HEIGHTS IN FEET AHD INCHES. These heights show a head on the Conduit. 0.0 i.io's.o. 1 5.4 5.6 5.8J5.IO 5.11 6.0 6.1 6.2J6.4 6.5|6.6i 6.8 6.10 7.0 NUMBEK OF DATS IN EACH MONTH. 2 2 4 31 22 15 20 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9. 9 2 3 2 6 13 5 28 19 10 Tnlv 2 31 10 1 7 31 30 27 149 10 2 4 61 57 10 10 43 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Total 12 14 —_ From this table it appears that the Conduit has been empty twelve days during the past year, partly full with a depth of water varying from 4 feet 10 inches to 6 feet 2 inches for 334 days; just full, one day; and for only eighteen days during the whole year has the Conduit been under a head. EEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 61 •^ •sa s •g «>! i"»^ -^ s <sa ■S -> IS o C<5 CO CX) o 1-H i "^ ^ =^ •I S ^ to s^ s Kg Sin ^ ^- O 10 ^ .N >< iS O'O Irf -p -1- 8 oho d r a ^ a c a p d fl d e o a a) ooiooojoaja o o o oooooooot !-i b. ^ ^khbihbc><Lit' 3_s_fl 0) <U OJ (uoooajojooa CJ p. ft p. p,p,0,aiP<AP<p,!: -" p. Is M lO CO .*! O 00 «■ O iO o o c^ 2 > , ^ m U5 C^ .f !•>. CO lO -* 00 rt< ■* ^ <o = ll . Is. 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S c c c <o c c c IM t4_, CX In t! -t c Ti o S 2 «■ c to CJ QC o- ^ t*. o tc o.S c- oc O <y Th tc c- p- 1! c^ c= cr oc s c tc -* 1 « IT w Is Is ft s ~ § g1" c c C c c c t: J. c c Tt >. « <= c c tc Is c IS " 1 c c c a c c I^ tc a =1 s o- r> C' c IT oc ■s c oc c^ c c «: tl cr- "T ts c c ^ iT ai bo o ^ O" o- oc X c- Is c Is 53 ^ -*■ c: 0- In c to Oj Tt o- _cj ^■3 < c- oc c Is o c- ts c o- c- o tc D- p- c c ■^ o- "> ^ ~ < 1 S tE CC I> tc C to c tc oc is tc H S '" |i ~~io o o _^ O o O to o o o *l ?N. C 15 O l3 o c^ a o o o to o Is CN C ::> to o o o o c- Tt o to o c :i irt 2 o ;d t^ to o o 00 o to to o rC c <r CO to CO o o o K o o ^ c- lo t lO 5 r^ 4^ o ra o c^ to Is o ci ■ 1 ■ li hJ c o r^ o lO •* o Is c: iO IXl C5 ' jT CO 3 o 00 " c^ CO . to ts tc c a. c C4 to ca « 41 tH CO ■* o o t^ CO N f?i r-i « *■ 1 o o o o o o o o o o o o o ^ C3 " o o o o o o o o o N en GC »o o m to c c o o OS o J-O Is c • g; e^ ci o Cl t~; c IC o M o of s ■* CO CO Oi 00 K. fN. o lO c CO (N >. " o o CO £^ d 00 o - o Sc to |i k] rH ts ^ o a, 05 OS o I^I so tH ^ ■«! t^ J>- o 00 o CO lO C-i c ,o o ^ '-^ s t^ ■*! ^ to oc CO tc o ffl tc • ^^ = 1 1 Oi CO CO CO rl^ •* ■* 'H' to to to iO to ■* "^ e B 1 o o o o o o o o o o o J-, o o o ^ ■* " o o o o o o o o o o o o >, -S s o o o o o o o o o o CO o =!ll 2; ji ci c M O) IN of CO o to to' o o to o o o: o IS, o 00 c^ tc Cs JO IT. r. oc o to •^ c^ 00 lO I^ "d lii^ 95 to t^ ■* Tt t-T Oi tC 00 1^' I-C m to ci S o to oc o -tl o Oi !£ o: 00 s r-. CO Tt 5 r^ C5 c^ rs c^ 4^-: «: a ■<t ^ cr; o IN «: tc oc « tc §f ^ tc -Ji = - ;3 s 25 'S "O to O O to IN .* Tf c o g E^ o a '" C5 00 to o ■* •* to cc B g I^ lO K Th o CO 00 05 «: to OS OS c- * o ■^ a g ■* lO ■ttl CO ■*! to .* * lO ■* * to ^ •* « ai si * +- ■< N CO rH to t-» C3 M CO 1^ >• m 1 1 1 1 % « oc « i to a to oc a <! s s 62 KEPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. to .S '^ •Si v» E^ ,-1 ■* CO o o .^ 00 s o o t^ •*! i> r^ 00 c^ tH ■* CO CM .— 1 o o oo 00 o '-' ^~' ^ '^ ^ '"' '"^ CO ^ o> o ^ _^ ^' o CO o a> TH TtH TtH 5 T-1 M CO ■* •*l 3 CO o t^ o >o LO o M m Ui ra ^ o rN| <B 00 IN. •* Ci CM O ib CO r-H (N n ■*! ■*! CO CM CO "^ " ^ '^ "^ O j^. o ?rt rn tH o CO CM t^ l-l eo o 00 w TiH s tH s ^ o o ;il ::3 n t^ ^ on o ^ o CM o iO CM t^ In. CM o 00 ,_i (N CO tH CO CM ,^ o ^ '"' M O r^ ^ o "O TP -*< tH CO tH o QO o ^ M IN rH o o CI m o O .^ ^ "^ ^ "^ '"' rH ^ o r>. lO O O o CM -H -H lO O) -+I -+I ci i-* tK CM CM iO o s o N M M W r~i o O ca o ,_( ^ '^ ,, ^ 1 IN. Tfl I^ o 00 s o o o a o ^ y-i ._( o 00 "^ '"' ^ ^ "^ ^ '"' 7^ ^ 1;^ rs. iN. s .o o o !>l CM CM ^ ^ ^ ^ " '^ ^ ^ ^ '^ . "^ o o r^ o ?N, -S s iO >o 00 00 o -a 00 t^ o O CM ^ o 1-1 o o o o o ^ ^ *"* '"' ^ ^ *"■ ^ '-' C3 on I^ §i C! •s ^ o 03 o uo CM CM CM o o o ;il ;il o Gl C3 tN o o In. o C3 a IN. ■^ CO O C-. o CO o a o o o o o o o o o o o. 00 o so ^ on _„ i o tH Tl o 1^ CO iO o In. * o o o o o o Ci 00 IN. J^ o o ^ '^ "^ ^~' ^ '"' Ci r^ g tH o CM tl o <o l^ o o o JiJ o o o 00 «0 o IN. 00 O o ^ f-. t^ OJ o o ^ Q o 8 ui i— ' o o o «3 o o ._< r-t o o on '^ "^ ^ ^ <n CO o 00 o cs w o o 00 1 00 ■* CO CO o o CO m O o o - - - s - o ^ C5 o o O (B o to f= H ^ -< 3 g 1-5 S 3 P. < a 3 3 3 bD 9 £.1 0) a 03 2 o a a) t- o .o a Q s REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. Monthly Fall of Rain in Inches, in 18G5. 63 Places and Oesekvers. UONIB. s 3 Sir' .a 11 It i .11 ^ a ^ 1 ►J 3 ■a 3 ►JO 1 > o 'O .a January 4.99 4.47 3.80 3.61 3.99 4.87 1.40 5.29 February 4.45 5.08 4.34 3.29 3.73 4.31 2.63 5.45 March 5.48 4.83 4.59 4.24 4.29 4.25 4.25 5.56 April 2.18 2.57 2.42 1.80 2.24 2.88 2.25 2.98 May 8.25 6.90 6.64 5.71 6.32 6.24 6.28 6.23 0.91 3.10 2.83 4.26 2.61 3.18 2.54 2.39 1.S5 1.87 2.20 3.67 ,1.36 3.52 1.65 July 3.91 August 3.36 1.42 1.32 2.42 2.79 1.76 2.45 0.74 September 1.66 0.62 0.71 0.56 0.56 1.00 0.82 0.27 October 6.99 6.21 5.92 5.86 5.16 5.71 5,01 4.60 Kovember 4.78 4.46 3.69 2.08 3.C5 3.68 3.91 4.03 December 3.31 4,18 2.75 2.8S 2.97 3.02 1.96 4.08 Totals 49.46 47.83 42.00 37.38 38.82 43.59 35.84 44.69 Note. — Melted snow is, as usual, included in the above amounts of rain-fall. The reports embodied in the foregoing table have been kindly furnished by the respective observers, and to them my thanks are due for their continued courtesy. 64 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. Table showing the days in 1865 upon which rain fell, and the amount in inches and hundredths, compiled from observations made by W. H. Bradley, Superintendent of Sewers. Days. Months. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. June. July. Aug-. Sept. I Oct. Nov. Dec Inches. 1 .10 .02 .80 .03 .26 .32 2 .05 3 .64 .55 4 5 '.25 1.08 .26 .50 .20 1.16 (i 1.20 1.70 .66 7 1.30 .23 .30 .28 .58 s 9 1.00 .62 .43 .46 .17 .07 .35 .28 .10 10 .96 11 .41 12 .18 .40 .27 13 .05 .16 14 .20 15 .18 .38 1.63 .69 16 .20 1.20 .20 .05 1.00 .10 17 18 1.40 .05 19 .21 23 20 .33 21 .38 .15 .90 .50 .80 .80 2.24 .03 22 .06 .38 .28 23 .75 24 25 .06 .42 26 1.06 .57 04 27 .15 .10 28 .10 2.26 29 .06 .24 30 .69 .83 .65 .82 31 .25 3.80 4.34 4.59 2.42 6.64 2.64 3.18 1.32 .71 5.92 3.69 2.75 REPORT OF THE WATER BOARD. 65 Aiinual Amount of Rain-Fall, in Inches, at Lake Cochituate, Boston, and vicinity, 1849 ^o 1865, inclusive. PLACES AND OBSERVERS. YEAR. :S o if 1-5 o o • '6 O a . o ■^ o o O so ,- S d t. oi il Waltham, by E. Hobbs and J. R. Scott, Agent, Boston Mannfac'ng Co. o & a o « Lowell, by Locks and Canals Co., J. B. Francis. O < 53 3 o 1849 40.30 40.97 40.74 51.09 34.09 1850 53.98 54.07 62.13 45.68 51.48 18.51 .... 44.31 41.97 41.00 41.00 43.30 1852 * 47.93 47.94 40.61 42.24 42.78 38.58 1853 * 55.86 48.86 53.83 45.04 43.92 53.27 1851 43.15 45.71 45.17 41.29 42.08 46.25 1855 34.96 44.19 47.59 40.63 44.89 48.41 39.05 1856 40.80 52.16 53.79 42.33 42.49 45.97 40.97 1857 63.10 56.87 57.92 44.04 49.38 52.02 44.74 1858 48.66 52.67 45.46 37.40 37.73 35.80 44.51 1859 49.02 56.70 .... 48.49 47.51 48.41 45.29 1860 55.44 51.46 46.95 .... 46.91 46.67 38.24 1861 46.44 50.07 50.14 43.32 42.95 44.25 1862 49.69 61.06 57.21 .... 44.26 44.61 50.09 1863 69.30 67.72 56.42 53.66 52.37 57.81 54.17 1864 42.60 49.30 .... •36.56 38.11 40.64 36.83 1865 49.46 47.83 43.59 35.84 37.38 38.82 44.69 'By J. Vannevar, 66 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 61. -so CO ^ '^ ^ I •5S O ts. ■* to Gl 00 O 00 o 00 (N 00 CO Tt< r^ io CO c\! CO <N Cs lO T-( 03 OS Cs O CO CO to rt O CO o iO CO !0 lO "^ lO — ' Cs O G3 OS CS CS o ■* o to O CO Z>. lO lo r^ io >o Cs C5 Ci O «+< .-H lO -f OO CO ^ O -*( 00 o O OJ ■* OS O M O --1 w JO lO >o ■* •-( OS «5 I>- CO In. CI .M OS O 00 N IN CO CO CO tN. M (N CO 00 -H O O T-t CO 00 lO Cs OS o IN (N T-H O OO CO CO CO CO lO tN 00 O -^ i-( Ci N (N (N (N ^ IN -t< 00 -H CO »-■ ^^ IN. lO CO IN O CO CO CO lO O O O lO CO -.D 00 cs 00 COOOINCOOINCOCOlNOCOiN coiNcocoi>»cocococoeococo OJ(NiNlN!N<N(NlNlNC<lNlN r^ .H C<( IN C! CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO •tl CO o ININCOCOCOINWtN'NCOC^IN <NlNlNlNiNlN<NO!lN(NINC-i CO CO liO (N IN 00 lO ^ i^N O T-l CO CO CO CJ CO iO 00COC0COCOC0IMCOCOINCOC>J INININOiiNiNOilNlNlNC-ilN CO WO OJ 00 O lO CO TH 00 lO --1 O IN r^ N IN CO -IH ^ CO CO (N Oi IN M r-1 CO IN •-' IN N IN CN CO Oi CO CO IN IN IN IN ^ ^ a a ■«1 IB O !^ Q Mo ^M 00 a" n t-.a .o cs o 1r; ? o O fp^ a -^tg w Sd &■ F m a> x.a ej be S'S (» .a (DO ^ ci ?° fl 5^ ^ 4J cS •■ fc- r ^h.a'^ 51 CS bx c o o > CD ^ <l> 0) .^ .a 0) a SB ■^ 0) b£ cs OS bo fe- es t> o .Q > < o > M ■a Tl a a fe5 o 1 cc a o o jj o H 03 h-1 cS .a O p PUBLIC LIBRARY or XHB CITY OF BOSTON. ABBREVIATED REGULATIONS. One volume can be taken at a time from the Lower Hall, and one from the Bates Hall. Books can be kept out 14 days. A line of 2 cents for each volume will be Incurred for each day a book is detained more than 14 days. Any book detained more than a week be- yond the time limited, will be sent for at the expense of the delinquent. 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