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Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. X, Plate I 


Benefactor and Founder of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 
for Public School and Children's Lectures 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Founded by Marshall Field, 1893 

Publication 328 

Report Series 

Vol. X, No. 1 





AY 1 B 1934 

ITY n? 


January, 1934 

2 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 


Bequests to Field Museum of Natural History may be made in 
securities, money, books or collections. They may, if desired, take 
the form of a memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the 
giver. For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, the 
following form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of Natural 
History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to 
Field Museum of Natural History to an amount not in 
excess of 15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allow- 
able as deductions in computing net income under Article 
251 of Regulation 69 relating to the income tax under the 
Revenue Act of 1926. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the 
provision that an annuity be paid to the patron during his 
or her lifetime. These annuities are tax-free and are 
guaranteed against fluctuation in amount. 


Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 3 



List of Plates 5 

Officers, Trustees and Committees, 1933 7 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 8 

Former Officers 9 

List of Staff 10 

Report of the Director 11 

Department of Anthropology 31 

Department of Botany 44 

Department of Geology 54 

Department of Zoology 66 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 74 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for 

Public School and Children's Lectures 76 

Lectures for Adults 80 

Library 82 

Division of Printing 85 

Divisions of Photography and Illustration 86 

Division of Publications 87 

Division of Public Relations 88 

Division of Memberships 90 

Cafeteria 91 

Comparative Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts . . 92 

Comparative Financial Statements 93 

List of Accessions 94 

List of Members 109 

Benefactors 109 

Honorary Members 109 

Patrons 109 

Corresponding Members 110 


Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Contributors 110 

Corporate Members Ill 

Life Members Ill 

Non-Resident Life Members 113 

Associate Members 114 

Non-Resident Associate Members 128 

Sustaining Members 128 

Annual Members 128 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 



I. Mrs. James Nelson Raymond 1 

II. The Late Dr. Oliver Cummings Farrington 16 

III. A Section of Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall .... 20 

IV. Racial Types of India 28 

V. Sun- Worship at Carnac Alignment, Neolithic Period, 

Brittany, France 32 

VI. South End of Hall of Plant Life 48 

VII. Tobacco Plant (Nicotiana tabacum) 50 

VIII. Fossil Skeleton of Ground Sloth in the Matrix, Pampa 

Formation, Argentina 54 

IX. Selenite Crystals from Chile 56 

X. Orang or Orang-utan, Borneo 64 

XL African Lion 68 

XII. Type of Case Loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 76 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 


Stanley Field 

First Vice-President Second Vice-President 

Albert A. Sprague James Simpson 

Third Vice-President Secretary 

Albert W. Harris Stephen C. Simms 

Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith 


Sewell L. Avery William H. Mitchell 

John Borden Frederick H. Rawson 

William J. Chalmers George A. Richardson 

Marshall Field Fred W. Sargent 

Stanley Field Stephen C. Simms 

Ernest R. Graham James Simpson 

Albert W. Harris Solomon A. Smith 

Samuel Insull, Jr. Albert A. Sprague 

Cyrus H. McCormick Silas H. Strawn 

John P. Wilson 


Executive. — Stanley Field, Albert W. Harris, William J. Chalmers, 
James Simpson, Albert A. Sprague, Marshall Field, Silas H. 
Strawn, John P. Wilson. 

Finance. — Albert W. Harris, James Simpson, Solomon A. Smith, 
Frederick H. Rawson, John P. Wilson. 

Building. — William J. Chalmers, Cyrus H. McCormick, Samuel 
Insull, Jr., Ernest R. Graham, William H. Mitchell. 

Auditing. — James Simpson, George A. Richardson, Fred W. Sargent. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, Solomon A. Smith, Sewell L. Avery. 

8 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 


George E. Adams* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer* 1893-1927 

John C. Black* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus* 1893-1894, 1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair* 1894-1928 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones* 1894-1927 

George Manierre* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.* 1908-1912, 1921-1931 

John Barton Payne 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep* 1915-1929 

Henry Field* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.* 1919-1931 

Harry E. Byram 1921-1928 

D. C. Davies* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham* 1924-1930 

William V. Kelley*' 1929-1932 

* Deceased 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

First Vice-Presidents 
Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Second Vice-Presidents 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Third Vice-Presidents 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson 1929-1932 


Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 


Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 


Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 


10 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 


Stephen C. Simms, Director 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY.— Berthold Laufer, Curator; A. L. 
Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology. Assistant Curators: 
Albert B. Lewis, Melanesian Ethnology; J. Eric Thompson, Central and South 
American Archaeology; Paul S. Martin, North American Archaeology; Wilfrid 
D. Hambly, African Ethnology; Henry Field, Physical Anthropology; T. 
George Allen, Egyptian Archaeology. 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY.— B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator; Paul C. 
Standley, Associate Curator of the Herbarium; J. Francis Macbride, Assistant 
Curator of Taxonomy; Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Tech- 
nology; A. C. Noe, Research Associate in Paleobotany; Llewelyn Williams, 
Assistant Curator of Economic Botany. 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY.— Oliver C. Farrington,* Curator; Henry W. 
Nichols, Acting Curator; Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology; 
Sharat K. Roy, Assistant Curator of Geology; Bryan Patterson, Assistant in 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY.— Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator. Mammals: 
Colin C. Sanborn, Assistant Curator; Julius Friesser, C. J. Albrecht, A. G. 
Rueckert, Taxidermists. Birds: C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator; Rudyerd 
Boulton, Assistant Curator; Boardman Conover, Research Associate; R. Magoon 
Barnes, Assistant Curator of Birds' Eggs; Ashley Hine, Taxidermist. Amphib- 
ians and Reptiles: Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator; Leon L. Walters, 
Taxidermist. Fishes: Alfred C. Weed, Assistant Curator; Leon L. Pray, Taxi- 
dermist. Insects: William J. Gerhard, Associate Curator; Emil Liljeblad, 
Assistant. Osteology: Edmond N. Gueret, Assistant Curator; Dwight Davis, 
Assistant. Artist: Charles A. Corwin. 

Curator; A. B. Wolcott, Assistant Curator. 

Margaret M. Cornell, Chief; Franklin C. Potter, Miriam Wood, Guide-lecturers. 

LIBRARY. — Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian; Mary W. Baker, Assistant Librarian. 

ADMINISTRATION.— Clifford C. Gregg, Assistant to the Director; Benjamin 
Bridge, Auditor; Henry F. Ditzel, Registrar; Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder — 
in charge of publication distribution; H. B. Harte, Public Relations; Pearle 
Bilinske, Memberships; J. L. Jones, Purchasing Agent. 

PRINTING. — Dewey S. Dill, in charge; Lillian A. Ross, Editor and Proofreader. 

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION.— C. H. Carpenter, Photographer; 
Carl F. Gronemann, Illustrator; A. A. Miller, Photogravurist. 

MAINTENANCE.— John E. Glynn, Superintendent; W. H. Corning, Chief 

Engineer; W. E. Lake, Assistant Engineer. 



To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1933. 

Like the preceding year, 1933 was marked by severely adverse 
financial conditions, which caused a further decline in the value 
of securities held in Field Museum's endowment funds, as well as 
a reduction in income from endowments, contributions, and member- 
ships. However, revenue from admissions and sundry receipts 
increased $41,215.62, due entirely to the large number of visitors 
who came to Chicago for A Century of Progress exposition. 

The budget adopted was very much reduced, and economies were 
put in force throughout the year, with the result that expenses were 
kept well below the appropriations, in spite of increased expense 
incurred through the necessity of handling record attendance during 
a period of several months. 

The increase in paid admissions, and the savings in expenses, 
together with a special contribution of $13,272.23, enabled the 
Museum to reduce notes payable, caused by previous years' deficits, 
from $156,100 to $105,000. 

There were no expeditions except those financed by funds 
especially contributed for that purpose. 

Notwithstanding forced economies, service to the public was 
maintained in full, and never before have so many persons been 
reached by the educational influences of this institution. 

Visitors to the Museum during the year numbered 3,269,390, 
an attendance exceeding that ever attained in a single year by any 
museum in the United States, and probably a high record for the 
entire world. The increase over 1932 attendance is 1,455,188, or 
79 per cent. This compares with an increase of 20 per cent in 1932 
over 1931. Extra-mural educational activities conducted by the 
Museum benefited approximately 661,000 persons, mostly children, 
making a total of more than 3,930,000 for whom the institution 
functioned as a source of information. It is worth noting also that, 
impressive as this figure is, it does not take into consideration others, 
whose numbers are incalculable, reached by the institution indirectly 
through such media for the dissemination of knowledge as Museum 


12 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

publications and leaflets, Field Museum News, the many accounts 
of Museum activities published in newspapers and magazines, 
broadcasts from radio stations, motion picture newsreels, and various 
other channels. 

Of the 3,269,390 visitors to the Museum, only 212,298 or 63^ 
per cent paid admission. All the rest, numbering 3,057,092, either 
came on free days, or belonged to classifications such as children, 
teachers, students, and Museum Members, who are granted free 
admissions on pay days. The highest attendance for any single day 
occurred on Thursday, August 24, when there were 65,966 visitors. 

Lecturers from the Museum, sent to the schools by the James 
Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public School 
and Children's Lectures, spoke before 160,750 children in their 
classrooms and assemblies, the talks being illustrated with stereop- 
ticon slides. Daily throughout the school year approximately 500,000 
children had available for study in their schools (and also in various 
community centers and other institutions) the traveling natural 
history exhibits circulated by the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension of Field Museum. Deliveries and collec- 
tions of these cases are made on a regular schedule which provides 
each public school in Chicago, and numerous private schools and 
other institutions, with two new cases at intervals of two weeks. 

In addition to the extension lectures in the schools, the Raymond 
Foundation provided at the Museum twenty-two moving picture 
programs and 284 guide-lecture tours for children. These were 
attended by 37,420 children (included in the Museum's general 
attendance figures), which, added to the extension lecture attendance 
and the audiences at various special meetings, brings the total reached 
by the activities of the Foundation, both inside and outside the 
building, to 212,179. 

Eighteen lectures on travel and science were given on Saturday 
afternoons during March and April, and October and November, 
in the James Simpson Theatre, and were attended by 22,787 
adults. Also there were provided 422 guide-lecture tours for adults, 
which were participated in by 13,412 persons. 

Captain G. Allan Hancock, of Los Angeles, and Dr. Harry M. 
Wegeforth, President of the Zoological Society of San Diego, Cali- 
fornia, were elected Patrons of the Museum. This was done in 
recognition of Captain Hancock's sponsorship of an expedition which 
obtained excellent specimens of elephant seals for the Museum, 
and in recognition of the services of both Captain Hancock and Dr. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Meport of the Director 13 

Wegeforth in organizing and personally participating in the work 
of this expedition. 

Dr. B. P. Georges Hochreutiner, Director of the Conservatoire 
et Jardin Botaniques at Geneva, Switzerland, was elected a Corre- 
sponding Member of the Museum in recognition of important 
assistance he has rendered to Field Museum in its joint botanical 
project with the Rockefeller Foundation. Through Dr. Hoch- 
reutiner' s cooperation the important collections of type specimens 
of plants in the institution he heads were made available for photo- 
graphing, which resulted in an exceedingly important contribution 
to the collection of type specimen photographs. These now number 
approximately 26,000 negatives. 

Five names were added to the list of Contributors to the Museum. 
Prince M. U. M. Salie, of Galle, Ceylon, was elected a Contributor 
in recognition of his gift to the Museum of a collection, valued at 
$5,000, of fifty-five precious stones representing the principal varieties 
found in Ceylon. Mr. Leon Mandel and Mr. Fred L. Mandel, Jr., 
were elected Contributors in appreciation of their generous contri- 
butions of funds which made possible the Mandel-Field Museum 
Zoological Expedition to Venezuela in 1932. Master Stanley Field 
Blaschke was elected a Contributor in recognition of a gift of $1,000 
in cash made in his name by his father, Mr. Frederick Blaschke, 
of Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York. Miss Malvina Hoffman, of 
New York and Paris, was elected a Contributor in recognition of the 
gift of a limestone bust of a Chinese boy which she sculptured. 

Mr. Knox Hearne, of New York, was elected a Non-Resident 
Life Member. A list of Members in all classes will be found at the 
end of this Report (p. 109). 

The Museum suffered a severe loss in the death of Dr. Oliver 
Cummings Farrington, Curator of the Department of Geology for 
thirty-nine years. At its meeting held on November 20, the 
Board of Trustees adopted the following resolution in honor of Dr. 
Farrington : 

"In the death on November 2, 1933, of Dr. Oliver Cummings 
Farrington, Curator of Geology at Field Museum of Natural History 
since 1894, the Board of Trustees is sorrowfully aware of the loss 
of one of the oldest, and one of the ablest, members of the Museum 
Staff. Dr. Farrington had been associated with this institution, as 
head of its Department of Geology, from the very beginnings of its 
active functioning as a scientific organization. 

14 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

"In scientific circles Dr. Farrington was regarded with extreme 
respect and admiration not only for the very successful work he did 
in building up Field Museum's geological collections and activities, 
but also as a great scholar, and one of the world's foremost authorities 
on gems and gem minerals, and on meteorites. 

"The tremendous breadth of his knowledge of all divisions of 
the science of geology, and his outstanding skill in museum work, 
have their permanent monument in the exhibits occupying the various 
halls of his Department, which bear throughout the evidences of 
his mastery of the subjects they illustrate. Learned to the highest 
degree, he was supremely possessed of that faculty which makes 
the ideal museum man— the ability to translate his erudition into 
forms easily intelligible to the least-read layman. He was, thus, 
a great educator, spreading knowledge to the millions of people 
visiting the exhibits for which he was responsible. 

"Dr. Farrington frequently went out into the field to collect 
material for the Museum, his most important undertaking of this 
kind having been as leader of the Marshall Field Geological Expedi- 
tion to Brazil in 1922-23. He was the author of important scientific 
publications issued by Field Museum and other publishers. He 
had achieved note as a teacher of science in academies and univer- 
sities, and was an officer and fellow of prominent scientific societies 
Great expositions sought and received his advice and assistance in 
their scientific divisions. Some years ago the Trustees of Field 
Museum elected him a Life Member of this institution. 

"In his passing the Trustees recognize the loss of a man of broad 
intellect and high character, whose devotion to science resulted 
in a career of splendid achievements. 

"Therefore, be it resolved, that this expression of the Trustees' 
appreciation of Dr. Farrington's many years of loyal and valuable 
service to the Museum and to science, be permanently preserved on 
the records of the Board; 

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to his bereaved family, and that a copy of this resolution be trans- 
mitted to his widow." 

A memorial resolution was adopted also by the Director, scientific 
staff, and entire personnel of the Museum. 

News of the death on April 20 of Dr. William Henry Holmes 
was received with regret. Dr. Holmes was the first Curator of 
Anthropology of this institution, having joined the staff in 1894, 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 15 

and served for several years. Later he became head curator of 
anthropology of the United States National Museum, and director 
of the National Gallery of Art in Washington. 

At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees, held January 
16, President Stanley Field was re-elected for the twenty-fifth time; 
Second Vice-President Albert A. Sprague was elected First Vice- 
President, filling the vacancy caused in that office by the death, 
in August, 1932, of Mr. Martin A. Ryerson; Third Vice-President 
James Simpson was elected Second Vice-President, and Trustee 
Albert W. Harris was elected Third Vice-President. Mr. Solomon 
A. Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary, and the incumbent 
Director and Secretary, were re-elected to their respective offices. 
Two vacancies on the Board, caused by the deaths in 1932 of 
Trustees William V. Kelley and Martin A. Ryerson, remained un- 
filled during 1933. 

The year was noteworthy for the number of exhibits which were 
completed and opened to public view. The most important of these 
were the sculptures representing the principal races of mankind in 
Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall (Hall 3), and the restorations 
illustrating types of prehistoric men and various phases of their 
cultures in the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C). 
Both these new halls are unique in their fields — no other institu- 
tion has exhibits treating these subjects on the scale undertaken 
here. Their preparation involved years of research and extensive 
expeditions to gather data and material in various parts of the world. 

Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall has been made possible by a 
large bequest from the late Chauncey Keep, for many years a Trustee 
of the Museum, and by generous contributions from Mrs. Stanley 
Field and Mrs. Charles H. Schweppe, of Chicago, and Trustee 
Marshall Field. The hall contains nearly a hundred life-size sculp- 
tures, including full-length figures, busts, and heads, chiefly in 
bronze, illustrating the principal racial types of the human species 
as they exist today, and depicting their physical characteristics. 
The types shown range from primitive peoples still living in remote 
jungle places but in danger of extinction in the near future under 
the advance of the white man's civilization, to the most highly 
cultured peoples of the world. All the sculptures are the work of 
Miss Malvina Hoffman, well-known sculptor of New York and 
Paris, who spent some three years on the task of their execution, 
traveling practically around the world to obtain the most representa- 
tive living models of the various races in their native lands. The 

. J- 

16 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

monumental sculpture in the center of the hall is a gift from Mrs. 
Schweppe. This group of figures, in heroic size, of a white, a black, 
and a yellow man, symbolizes the "Unity of Mankind." 

The various expeditions since 1927, preliminary to the preparation 
of "the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World, were financed by Mr. 
Marshall Field. Among other principal contributors to the cost 
of creation of this hall are Trustees Frederick H. Rawson and Silas 
H. Strawn. The principal feature of the hall consists of eight repro- 
ductions of actual prehistoric sites in Europe, with life-size restora- 
tions of men of the various periods represented. These groups are 
the work of Mr. Frederick Blaschke, well-known sculptor of Cold 
Spring-on-Hudson, New York. The backgrounds were painted by 
Staff Artist Charles A. Corwin. The general plan of the hall was 
worked out, and its execution supervised, by Assistant Curator 
Henry Field, in collaboration with Dr. Berthold Laufer, Curator of 
the Department of Anthropology. The subjects of the groups 
are the Chellean, Neanderthal, Aurignacian, Solutrean, Magdalenian, 
Azilian, Neolithic, and Swiss Lake Dweller periods of man's develop- 
ment, covering a span of from about 250,000 down to 8,000 years 
ago. Supplementing the groups are extensive series of archaeological 
collections and other exhibits bearing upon man's progress through 
the ages from approximately one million years ago. 

Another important addition to the Department of Anthropology 
during the year was made by the installation in Alcove Al, between 
Halls A and E, of a collection representing the ethnology of the 
aboriginal tribes of Australia. This is probably the largest and most 
complete collection of Australian aboriginal material in this country . 

Several important habitat groups were added to the exhibits 
of the Department of Zoology. An excellent group of African lions 
was installed in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22). The 
specimens, a large male, a female, and four small kittens, were 
obtained by Mr. and Mrs. Marshall Field during a hunting trip 
they made in Tanganyika in 1930. Staff Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht 
mounted the animals. 

In William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17) there was installed a group 
of the great gaur ox or seladang of Asia. These fine animals, rare in 
museums, make a strikingly beautiful group. Dominating the group 
is a large bull which fell to the rifle of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt 
while he was leader of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition 
to Eastern Asia for Field Museum in 1928-29. Other specimens 
included are a cow presented by the late Charles Rydell of Superior, 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. X, Plate II 

Curator of the Department of Geology from 1894 until his death on November 2, 1933 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 17 

Wisconsin, and a young calf presented for the group by Messrs. 
George F. Ryan and George G. Carey, Jr., of Baltimore, who ob- 
tained it on one of their expeditions. The group was prepared by 
Staff Taxidermists Julius Friesser and Arthur G. Rueckert. The 
background was painted by Artist Corwin. 

An exhibit of Florida manatees or sea-cows was placed on view 
in the Hall of Marine Mammals (Hall N). To prepare this group, 
specimens of the manatee in fresh natural condition were obtained 
through the cooperation of the John G. Shedd Aquarium. From 
these, reproductions were made in cellulose-acetate by Staff Taxi- 
dermist Leon L. Walters, assisted by Mr. Edgar G. Laybourne. 
The method used is that invented by Mr. Walters, and used so 
successfully in the past for reptiles and for hairless or nearly hairless 
mammals. By this method the skin is reproduced in such a way as 
to preserve the finest details of texture and exact shades of color. 
There are two animals in the group, shown in characteristic attitudes 
in an underwater scene. The background was painted by Taxider- 
mist Leon L. Pray. 

The orang specimens which formerly occupied a square floor 
case in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22) were reinstalled in 
a built-in case with a semi-elliptical painted background in William 
V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17). An elaborate tree- top scene in a tropical 
forest was prepared, and the group, placed in this setting, is very 
much improved in beauty and realism as compared with its old 
arrangement. The reinstallation and the painting of the background 
are the work of Taxidermist Pray. 

Another orang exhibit, a single specimen representing the first 
serious attempt to apply the so-called "celluloid" process to hairy 
mammals, was added to the systematic collection of mammals in 
Hall 15. This specimen is partly real, and partly synthetic, and was 
prepared by Taxidermist Walters. The receipt of a fresh specimen, 
shortly after its death in a zoo, provided the opportunity for this 
interesting experiment which has proved highly successful. By 
means of the special technique employed, the natural skin is replaced 
in the exhibit by a celluloid-like composition, but the original hair 
of the animal is imbedded in this composition exactly as it was 
formerly in the skin. This method has certain advantages over the 
conventional taxidermy technique in which the dried and tanned 
skins of animals are used, but it is not designed to displace the 
earlier methods except for subjects to which it is peculiarly adapted. 

18 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

A strikingly interesting group placed in Stanley Field Hall is 
that of the bower bird of New Guinea, for which specimens were 
obtained by the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum 
in 1929. The group includes the complicated bower, decorated with 
colorful fruits and berries, built by the bird. The male is seen 
performing his courtship dance while the female looks on through 
the bower. The birds were mounted by Assistant Taxidermist 
John W. Moyer. 

In Hall 21 there was installed a screen of birds-of -paradise, 
including specimens obtained by the Crane Expedition, the Kelley- 
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition, the Suydam Cutting Sikkim Expedi- 
tion, and the Field Museum-Chicago Daily News Abyssinian 
Expedition. These were mounted by Mr. Moyer. Five screens of 
North American birds, prepared by Taxidermist Ashley Hine, were 
also added to Hall 21. 

An unusually large and fine specimen of bison bull, presented to 
the Museum by Colonel Wallis Huidekoper, owner of the American 
Ranch at Twodot, Montana, was placed on exhibition in the col- 
lection of horned and hoofed mammals in George M. Pullman Hall 
(Hall 13). The specimen came from a large herd on Colonel Huide- 
koper's ranch. It weighed about 2,300 pounds when alive. Taxi- 
dermist Julius Friesser mounted it. 

An exhibit of armadillos, anteaters, sloths, and their relatives 
was installed in Hall 15. The specimens include various species 
collected by the Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition in 1926, an 
aardvark taken on the Harold White- John Coats African Expedition 
in 1929, and a specimen of Temminck's pangolin presented to the 
Museum by the late Robert T. Everard, of Detroit. Also added to 
Hall 15 was a case containing all the more important species of dogs 
(exclusive of domestic varieties) and wolves of the world. These 
were prepared by Taxidermist Albrecht. 

A number of reproductions of interesting fishes were installed 
in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18). Among these are angler-fish, 
sargassum fish, Labrador sea trout, wolf herring and bonefish. The 
original specimens of some of these were obtained through the cooper- 
ation of the John G. Shedd Aquarium, others were collected by 
expeditions, and the bonefish was presented to the Museum by 
Colonel Lewis S. Thompson of Red Bank, New Jersey. They were 
prepared by Taxidermists Pray and Rueckert. 

To the osteological exhibits in Hall 19 there were added screens 
of skeletons of monotremes, marsupials, and edentates, prepared by 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 19 

Assistant Curator Edmond N. Gueret and his assistant, Mr. D. 
Dwight Davis. 

An unusual exhibit, showing the fossil skeleton of a ground sloth 
in the earth as it was discovered by the Marshall Field Paleontolog- 
ical Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia in 1927, was installed in 
Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38). This exhibit, with its explana- 
tory label, serves to answer questions, often asked by visitors, as 
to how paleontologists find fossil skeletons. The group was pre- 
pared by Mr. Phil C. Orr of the staff of the Department of Geology. 

A collection of rare elemental gases of the argon family presented 
by the Air Reduction Sales Company, of Chicago, was installed 
in the corridor connecting Hall 36 and Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall 
(Hall 37). The gases are seen, glowing with the bright colors they 
radiate when used in neon and similar signs, by exciting them^to 
luminosity with an electric current which passes through the tubes 
containing them when a button on the exhibition case is pressed. 
Five tubes contain the gases argon, neon, helium, krypton, and 
xenon, and three other tubes contain mixtures of these. 

To the meteorite collection in Hall 34 there were added eighteen 
specimens from the group of meteorite craters at Henbury, Australia, 
which show meteorites and also the lava and silica-glass into which 
some of the rock of the crater walls has been changed by the heat 
resulting from the impact of gigantic meteorites. Specimens repre- 
senting these features are comparatively rare, as there are only five 
craters of recognized meteoritic origin in the world. Also in Hall 34 
there was placed an exhibit illustrating, by five specimens showing 
various stages, the method of cutting a "varnistar" from rock crystal. 
The material for this exhibit was presented to the Museum by Mr. 
Stephen Varni, of New York. Another exhibit added to Hall 34 
consists of two large crystals of selenite in the form of prismatic 
columns, so striking in appearance that they have been given a case 
by themselves in the mineral collection. 

The exhibit of liquid petroleum products formerly in Hall 36 
has been replaced, through the courtesy of the Standard Oil Company 
(Indiana), by a synoptic collection intended to indicate the wide 
ramifications of petroleum products and the many ways in which 
they affect our daily lives. 

In the Department of Botany a plantation rubber tree showing 
the manner in which the bark is cut in shallow V-shaped incisions, 
and a wild rubber tree showing the effects of tapping in the crude 
manner formerly in use on the lower Amazon, were placed on exhibi- 

20 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

tion among the raw plant materials in Hall 28. Shown with these 
are tools used for making the incisions, and specimens of Para rubber 
in the form in which it comes to market. The exhibit was made 
possible by gifts of material from Van Cleef Brothers and the Wilkin- 
son Process Rubber Company of Chicago, and by collections obtained 
by the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the Amazon in 1929. 
To illustrate the botanical characters of the Hevea rubber tree a 
fruiting branch of this tree, obtained by the Amazon expedition, 
was reproduced in the Plant Reproduction Laboratories of the 

To the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) have been added several 
exhibits prepared by the Plant Reproduction Laboratories. Among 
these may be mentioned the Panama hat palm; a large aquatic aroid, 
Montrichardia, of tropical America, best known as the aninga; a 
branch of the cupuassu tree, related to the cacao; a branch of biriba 
which bears one of the largest and most delicious of tropical fruits; 
and a branch of the sweet gum known as liquidambar. The labora- 
tories also produced a reproduction of a tobacco plant which has 
been placed on exhibition in Hall 28. A number of other additions 
were made to the economic collections in Halls 25 and 28. 

Besides the installation of many new exhibits, the work of 
reinstallation of the collections in many halls continued in all depart- 
ments. In many instances reinstallation included the addition of 
new material. Detailed accounts of this work will be found under 
the various Department headings in this Report. Halls in which 
especially extensive reinstallations were made include Edward E. 
and Emma B. Ayer Hall (Hall 2) devoted to Greek, Roman, and 
Etruscan archaeology; Hall 7, archaeology of the southwestern United 
States; George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24), 
Chinese archaeology; H. N. Higinbotham Hall (Hall 31), gems and 
jewels; Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A), Melanesian ethnology; and 
the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29). 

Although expeditions and field work were eliminated from the 
budget, the Museum benefited from a number of expeditions financed 
privately in the interests of the institution. Captain G. Allan 
Hancock, of Los Angeles, organized and led, aboard his scien- 
tific cruising ship, Velero III, an expedition to Guadalupe island 
off Mexico's west coast, which obtained specimens for a proposed 
habitat group of elephant seals. Dr. Harry M. Wegeforth, Presi- 
dent of the Zoological Society of San Diego, California, was also 
instrumental in the organization of this expedition. Part of the 



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Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 21 

expenses were paid with money from the Mrs. Emily Crane 
Chadbourne Fund. Two members of the Museum's taxidermy 
staff, Messrs. Julius Friesser and Frank C. Wonder, accompanied 
the party. Five fine elephant seals, ranging in weight from 250 to 
5,000 pounds, were collected. The Museum is indebted to the Mex- 
ican government for its cooperation in granting permission for the 
hunting of these animals which are under strict protection. 

The Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest, 
financed from funds provided by the late Julius and Augusta N. 
Rosenwald, conducted its third season of excavations on the site of 
the Lowry ruin in southwestern Colorado. Dr. Paul S. Martin, 
Assistant Curator of North American Archaeology, was leader, as 
in the expedition's two previous seasons in the summers of 1930 
and 1931. Additional rooms of the pueblo were laid bare and 
large collections of artifacts were obtained during the 1933 season. 

A zoological expedition sponsored by Mr. Leon Mandel, of 
Chicago, to make extensive collections of birds, mammals, reptiles, 
and amphibians, sailed for Guatemala in November. This expedi- 
tion, known as the Leon Mandel Guatemala Expedition of Field 
Museum, will continue its work for several months of 1934. Personnel 
includes Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator of Reptiles, as 
leader: Mr. Emmet R. Blake, ornithologist: Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt, 
mammalogist; and Mr. Daniel Clark, general assistant. Mr. Mandel 
himself joined the party late in the year to participate in part of 
its work. 

Toward the end of the year an expedition, which is to begin 
operations in 1934. was organized. Mrs. Oscar Straus, of New York, 
is its sponsor, and it will be known as the Straus West African 
Expedition of Field Museum. The expedition will collect birds and 
mammals in Senegal. Nigeria, and Angola. Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, 
Assistant Curator of Birds, will be leader. Other members of the 
party will be Mr. Frank C. Wonder of the museum's taxidermy 
staff, Mr. John F. Jennings, of Chicago, as photographer, Mrs. 
Boulton, and, for part of the trip, Mrs. Straus herself. 

A number of rare fossil mammals and reptiles were obtained for 
the Museum by Mr. Bryan Patterson, Assistant in Paleontology, 
while on a field trip in western Colorado during the summer. He was 
accompanied by Messrs. James H. and Clayton A. Quinn. Of 
special importance in the collection are skulls and parts of skeletons 
of an animal that has been one of the rarest of fossil mammals — 

22 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Titanoides faberi, representative of the Amblypoda, an extinct order 
of primitive hoofed mammals. 

Mr. Sharat K. Roy, Assistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleon- 
tology, made a valuable collection of Cambrian and Cretaceous 
fossils in Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. He was assisted 
on the expedition by Mr. Floyd Markham, of Chicago. 

Great progress was made in the work of photographing type 
specimens of Central and South American plants in European 
herbaria — a joint project of the Rockefeller Foundation and Field 
Museum, in charge of Assistant Curator J. Francis Macbride. A 
full report on this subject will be found under the heading Depart- 
ment of Botany, Expeditions and Research (p. 44). 

Arrangements were made with Rear-Admiral Richard E. Byrd, 
U.S.N., to collect for the Museum, during the course of his current 
expedition to the antarctic regions, eight or ten specimens of emperor 
penguin for a proposed habitat group. The expenses in connection 
with this project were provided for from the zoological fund con- 
tributed by Mrs. Emily Crane Chadbourne. 

Various benefactions, both in money and materials, were received 
during the year, for which grateful acknowledgment is herewith 
made. Funds received by gift are detailed below: 

President Stanley Field contributed $13,272.23 towards liquida- 
tion of the building fund deficit. 

Mr. Marshall Field gave $9,000, his final contribution toward 
payment of expenses in connection with Chauncey Keep Memorial 
(Hall 3). 

Mrs. James Nelson Raymond, of Chicago, contributed $3,000 
which was applied toward the operating expenses of the James 
Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public School 
and Children's Lectures, of which she is the founder, and which 
she has generously supported ever since its establishment in 1925. 

Mr. Leon Mandel, of Chicago, is the donor of $4,351.30 to 
meet the expenses of the Leon Mandel Guatemala Expedition of 
Field Museum. 

Mrs. Charles H. Schweppe, of Chicago, made a gift of $3,000 
to enable the Museum to purchase certain of the sculptures now 
in Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall. 

Mrs. E. Marshall Field, of New York, contributed $5,000 toward 
the general operating expenses of the Museum. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 23 

A gift of $250 was received from Mr. Henry J. Patten, of Chicago. 

Mr. John P. Kellogg, of Chicago, made a gift of $150 toward 
the expenses of a zoological expedition to Guatemala. Mr. B. E. 
Axe and Mrs. Frances C. Axe, of Seattle, Washington, gave $70 
for the purchase of a gold nugget. 

Miscellaneous cash contributions totaling $9,227.19 were received 
in addition to the above-mentioned individual gifts. 

A bequest was left to the Museum by the late Mrs. Edward D. 
Moeng, of Chicago. 

From the Rosenwald Family Association the Museum received 
$7,909.49 in payment of all accrued interest to October 1, 1933, on 
the bequest of the late Mrs. Augusta N. Rosenwald. 

The South Park Commissioners turned over to the Museum 
$125,802.68, representing the institution's share, as authorized by 
the state legislature, of collections made during 1933 under the 
tax levies for 1931 and previous years. 

Of the gifts of material for the collections of the various depart- 
ments which were presented by friends of the Museum during the 
year, some have already been mentioned on preceding pages in 
connection with their installation as exhibits or their acquisition by 

A notable gift is a collection of fifty-five precious stones repre- 
senting the principal varieties mined in Ceylon, which was presented 
by Prince M. U. M. Salie, of Galle, Ceylon. These stones have been 
distributed among the collection of gems and jewels in H. N. 
Higinbotham Hall (Hall 31). Mrs. Richard T. Crane, Jr., presented, 
in memory of the late Richard T. Crane, Jr., Benefactor and for 
many years a Trustee of the Museum, an ancient Peruvian gold 
beaker of exceptional excellence. Mr. Homer E. Sargent, of 
Pasadena, California, gave the Museum a fine old Mexican serape 
and thirteen rare textiles from Algeria. 

Through the generosity of Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, 
the Museum received an extremely interesting collection of birds 
and mammals from Upper Burma, where they were collected by 
Lord Cranbrook and Captain F. Kingdon Ward. A fine male speci- 
men of the rare spectacled bear of northern South America was 
presented by Messrs. W. A. Olen and F. D. Hurley, of Clintonville, 
Wisconsin. For the mineral collections a purple fluorite crystal of 
unusually large size was presented by the Crystal Fluorspar Com- 
pany, of Elizabethtown, Illinois. A specimen of the rare kind of 

24 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

porphyry called rhombenporphyry, which is found in Oslo, Norway, 
and seldom, if ever, elsewhere, was presented by Mr. Johan Eriksen, 
of Oslo. Mr. Frederick Blaschke, of Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New 
York, gave the Museum an interesting example of placer gold, 
found in the crop of a duck. Eighteen reels of motion pictures of 
Tibetan dancers were presented by Dr. Wilhelm Filchner, of Berlin, 
Germany. Mrs. William H. Moore, of New York, gave the Museum 
fifteen metal mirrors and other archaeological material from China. 

The American Museum of Natural History, New York, made 
a gift of seven reels of the Martin Johnson feature motion picture 
film, Simla. Mr. Arthur S. Vernay, of New York and London, 
gave two complete reels of the film, India, and some other motion 
picture films. Two mounted specimens of capercaillie were received 
from Mr. James Simpson. Mr. and Mrs. John P. Kellogg, of Chicago, 
presented 117 African birdskins. From Mr. Philip M. Chancellor, 
of Santa Barbara, California, was received a gift of forty-nine 
ethnological specimens representing the Yaqui Indians of Mexico. 
An extremely rare set of ten books came to the Museum as a gift 
from Mrs. Robert E. Ross, Mrs. Joseph H. King, and Mrs. William 
E. Pratt, of Chicago. It is the catalogue of the famous collection of 
Oriental porcelains of William T. Walters in Baltimore, Maryland. 

As in past years, many other gifts were received from a multitude 
of sources, of which details will be found in the departmental sections 
of this Report under the heading Accessions, and also in the tabu- 
lated List of Accessions which begins on page 94. A number of 
gifts were received during the summer from visitors to A Century 
of Progress exposition who also visited the Museum and took the 
opportunity to bring specimens of various kinds of objects to the 
Museum for identification. 

The name, Mary D. Sturges Hall, which formerly applied to 
Hall 3, has been transferred to Hall 5, because of the occupation 
of Hall 3 by the new exhibits pertaining to the races of mankind, 
and the renaming of Hall 3 as Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall in 
recognition of the late Mr. Keep's contribution toward these exhibits. 

His Highness the Maharaja Gaekwar Sir Savaji Rao III, ruling 
monarch of Baroda, was a visitor at Field Museum on August 29. 
Among other distinguished visitors entertained at the Museum 
during the year were Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., widow of the 
late President Theodore Roosevelt; Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, 
former curator of paleontology at the British Museum; Dr. Victor 
Van Straelen, Director of the Mus£e Roy ale d'Histoire Naturelle 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 25 

de Belgique, Brussels; Dr. A. W. Grabau, professor of paleontology 
at the National University of China and chief paleontologist of the 
Chinese Geological Survey, Peiping; Professor Richard Willstatter, 
of Munich, winner of the 1918 Nobel prize in chemistry; Sir John 
Flett, K.B.E., of the Geological Survey of Great Britain; and Mr. 
W. Campbell Smith of the mineral division of the British Museum. 

During the convention of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, held in Chicago in June, meetings of various 
sections were held in the James Simpson Theatre and the small 
lecture hall of Field Museum. On the evening of June 23 a special 
"open house" was held for members of the association, and a large 
number of the delegates attended. The use of the Museum lecture 
hall was extended also to the American Association of Museums for 
one of its meetings. 

Because of Field Museum's important meteorite collection, 
largest in the world in number of falls represented, meetings at which 
the Society for Research on Meteorites was organized were held 
in the lecture hall on August 21 and 22. The late Dr. Oliver C. 
Farrington, then Curator of Geology, was elected honorary president 
of this society, and Associate Curator Henry W. Nichols (now 
Acting Curator of Geology) was elected a member of the council 
of the organization. 

Because of the heavy traffic caused by A Century of Progress 
exposition, special regulations were put into effect by the South 
Park Commissioners during the period of the fair whereby parking 
of automobiles was not permitted in the vicinity of Field Museum 
or other institutions in Grant Park. 

Through the courtesy of WGN, the Chicago Tribune radio 
station, a series of broadcasts on Field Museum and its activities 
was begun in December, and will be continued into 1934. The 
speakers include the Director and departmental heads of the Museum. 

A number of objects for which the Museum no longer had use 
because of the possession of other similar material sufficient for its 
collections, or because of lack of suitable exhibition space, were 
sold. Among these were the large Chinese gateway obtained at the 
close of the Panama Pacific International Exposition of San 
Francisco in 1915; twelve totem poles, potlatch figures, and house- 
posts of the Northwest Coast Indians; material for twelve Hopi 
altars; a mastodon skeleton; and miscellaneous duplicate material 
of various kinds. Some 250 reproductions of Greek and Roman 
bronze objects have been removed from the collections in Edward E. 

26 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

and Emma B. Aver Hall, and are now available to any institutions 
or private collectors who might be interested in purchasing them. 

Prior to their disposal by sale, the Chinese gateway and the 
totem poles were loaned to A Century of Progress exposition and 
exhibited at appropriate locations on the fair grounds. 

Thirty-one of the more important habitat groups of animals in 
the Museum were made the subject of illustrations of a most unusual 
kind in a book, The Animal Kingdom, published by the Orthovis 
Company of Chicago. The pictures are printed by a special process 
which makes them appear, when viewed through the "orthoscope"' 
(an optical device accompanying each copy of the book . to be in 
three dimensions, like the groups they depict. 

Following the death of Dr. Oliver C. Farrington, Curator of the 
Department of Geology. Associate Curator Henry W. Nichols was 
appointed Acting Curator of the Department. Mr. Nichols had 
been associated with the Museum and with Dr. Farrington since 
1894, and his experience on expeditions, in research, and in museum 
methods, assure that the work of the Department will be continued 
uninterruptedly along the same lines upon which it has been success- 
fully conducted in the past. 

With a reassignment of duties, the title of Mr. Sharat K. Roy. 
until recently Assistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology, was 
changed to As;:s:an: Curator of Geology. 

At the end of the year Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood 
Technology in the Department of Botany, was made Assistant 
Curator of Economic Botany, to be effective from January 1, 1934. 

Professor A. C. Noe\ paleobotanist of the University of Chicago, 
was appointed Research Associate in Paleobotany on the staff of 
the Museum. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator of Reptiles, who had 
:;-: granted six months' leave of absence tea research at European 
museums under a fellowship grant from the John Simon Guggenheim 
Memorial Foundation of New York, completed this work, and 
returned to his duties at the Museum. 

Miss Bertha M. Schweitzer was employed as a clerk and plant 
mounter in the Department of Botany. 

Under the provisions of the Field Museum Employes' Pension 
Fund, insurance amounting to $6,000 was paid to Mrs. Oliver C. 
Farrington, widow of the late Dr. Farrington, Curator of Geology, 

whose death has been noted elsewhere in this Report. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 27 

Through the assignment, late in the year, of a number of workers 
to the Museum by the Illinois Emergency Relief Commission, a 
considerable amount of routine clerical and similar work, which 
otherwise would have had to be postponed indefinitely, was accom- 
plished without additional payroll expense to the Museum. Some 
of these workers are employed under the provisions of the Civil 
Works Service of the federal government, which pays them, and 
others are employed under the Illinois "work relief" plan and paid 
by the state. This arrangement, which is of benefit both to persons 
who would otherwise be unemployed, and to the Museum, will be 
continued in 1934. 

The scope of the Art Research Classes conducted at the Museum 
in cooperation with the Art Institute of Chicago was greatly ex- 
panded, and the number of students exceeded that of any previous 
year. In addition to the original class in drawing, painting, and 
illustration, which was continued with some thirty-five students 
enrolled, classes were organized for three new groups. 

One of the new classes is a separate training group for art teachers 
in which there were another thirty-five students. Study at Field 
Museum has now been designated as a required course for all students 
in teachers' training classes of the School of the Art Institute. 
Another of the new classes established in 1933 is one for a summer 
course, designed to meet the needs of teachers and others who wish 
to pursue further art research studies and are unable, because of 
their employment, to attend the autumn, winter, and spring classes. 
About eighteen students participated in this course. The third new 
class is one conducted on Saturdays through the greater part of the 
year, which offers supplementary work for the benefit of professional 
artists, teachers, and others who are engaged on other days but can 
devote a half or a full day to study on Saturdays. In this group there 
were about fifteen persons enrolled. 

Much work of high quality was produced by students in all the 
classes. The same instructor who has conducted these classes for a 
number of years, Mr. John Gilbert "Wilkins, of the faculty of the Art 
Institute school, was again in charge. The students use exhibits in 
the Museum as subjects for the paintings, designs, sculptures, and 
other work they produce. A classroom with working facilities is 
provided by the Museum for their use. 

The students in the above-mentioned classes are all engaged 
in comparatively advanced work. In addition to these, the classes of 
children inaugurated in 1932 by the Saturday School of the Art 

28 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Institute were continued in 1933. More than one hundred children 
were enrolled in these. They ranged from pupils in the fourth grade 
of elementary schools to high school students. 

From June 1 to September 30, a period corresponding to the 
most important months of A Century of Progress exposition, the 
Museum was kept open daily from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m., or an hour later 
than is usual in the summer schedule. 

Measures to save expense on electric lighting were continued, 
and in the autumn the Museum signed an "off peak" form of con- 
tract with the Commonwealth Edison Company from which economy 
benefits might be derived. This called for a reduction of the amount 
of current used between the hours of 4:30 P.M. and 7:30 P.M. during 
the months of November, December, January, and February. To 
facilitate this, and for other reasons, changes were made in the 
schedule of visiting hours to be observed at the Museum in 
future. Henceforth the hours during the various seasons will be 
as follows: November 1 to March 31, 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. ; April 1 to 30 
and September 1 to October 31, 9 A.M. to 5 P.M.; May 1 to August 31, 
9 A.M. to 6 P.M. During the period when the 4:30 closing hour is 
in effect, the Museum will be kept open until 5 o'clock on Sundays 
and holidays; in September, up to and including Labor Day, the 
closing hour will be 6 P.M. 

The use of electricity was further cut down during the daytime 
hours by changing the lighting in the shop of the Division of Printing; 
by installing pendant switches in the general Library and the libraries 
of the Departments of Botany and Geology; and by using only the 
two center chandeliers in Stanley Field Hall on dark days when the 
hall required lighting. 

The superintendent of maintenance, the chief engineer, and the 
working forces under their supervision, gave the usual careful atten- 
tion to proper maintenance of the building, and many improve- 
ments were effected. Some of the more important are detailed below. 

Foreseeing unusual crowds during the summer months, revisions 
were made in the arrangement of the ticket and checking counters 
at the north and south entrances to facilitate service to the public. 
New checking facilities were provided for 600 umbrellas, 300 coats, 
and many packages. 

The opening this year of the two large new halls in the Department 
of Anthropology — Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall (Hall 3) and the 
Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) — imposed especially 
heavy work upon the maintenance division. To prepare Hall 3 








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Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 29 

to become Keep Hall it was first necessary to remove from it all the 
cases devoted to North American archaeology which formerly 
occupied it. These were transferred from the first floor to their new 
location in Hall B on the ground floor. Prior to this operation Hall B 
was prepared to receive these exhibits. Twelve insulating panels 
with ventilators in the windows were installed; the doors and tile 
wall at the east end of the hall were removed; the ceiling lights were 
rearranged in two straight lines; and the walls and ceiling were 
patched and painted. 

Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall (Hall 3) was entirely remodeled. 
The central part of the hall was reconstructed to form an octagon 
around the "Unity of Mankind" bronze group, and the sections of 
the hall on either side of this octagon were reconstructed into a 
series of alcoves (see Plate III). Seventy-seven pedestals were built 
for the exhibition of the bronze and stone figures created by Miss 
Malvina Hoffman; also three shadow box niches in the walls. At 
the east end of the hall eight individually lighted wall cases were 
built and prepared for the installation of physical anthropology 
exhibits. Four temporary display boxes were provided for illumi- 
nated colored transparent pictures. The walls and ceiling of Keep 
Hall were decorated; a rubber tile floor and baseboard were in- 
stalled; four new double benches were provided; and the hall was 
equipped with indirect illumination. A partition was built be- 
tween Keep Hall and James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Hall (Hall 4). 

In the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) the fronts 
of eight group cases were built out to provide space for tipping the 
view glasses forward so as to eliminate reflections. Six new wall 
cases were built in this hall, and the ground framework was con- 
structed for four groups. All sixteen cases on the south side of this 
hall were glazed and finished, and the walls and ceiling were patched 
and painted. 

The maintenance force gave assistance to the scientific Depart- 
ments in various other new installations, reinstallations, or rearrange- 
ments of exhibits. Among such operations were the following: 
remodeling of the case containing the group showing Indians making 
stone implements, in Hall B; remodeling of the case containing 
the model of a Walpi pueblo in Hall 7 (Stanley McCormick Col- 
lection, archaeology and ethnology of southwestern United States) ; 
building the ground framework for the gaur ox and orang groups in 
William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17), and glazing and finishing the cases 

30 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

containing them; remodeling a built-in case at the west end of the 
same hall for a proposed proboscis monkey group; reconstruction 
of a 12'xl2' case for the new lion group in Carl E. Akeley Memorial 
Hall (Hall 22) ; rebuilding a 15' x 15' case in the same hall to accom- 
modate a proposed group of bongo; construction of a wall case for 
the exhibit of rhinoceros horn cups in George T. and Frances 
Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24); and construction, glazing, and 
finishing of the case containing the new exhibit of a fossil sloth in 
matrix, in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38). 

All lighting fixtures, and the tops of built-in exhibition cases 
containing concealed lighting arrangements, were cleaned in the 
early part of the year. In Hall B, to which the North American 
archaeological exhibits have been transferred, twenty-five lighting 
fixtures were hung, and one large case was equipped for illumination. 
In the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) electrical work 
was completed on the cases containing the groups, and fifteen floor 
cases were wired for lighting. In Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall 
(Hall 3) twenty-six new circuits were run in, 226 lamps installed, and 
eight wall cases wired. In George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith 
Hall (Hall 24) eleven wall cases were wired. 

In the general Library 1,350 square feet of steel shelving were 
installed. In the Herbarium seven additional all-steel eight-door 
storage cases were assembled. In the Department of Zoology 
laboratories twenty-seven all-steel bird and mammal storage cases, 
with 240 large trays and 600 small ones, were provided. 

On the exterior of the building, sixty-three window sills and eight 
window transoms were replaced, and twenty-three sills were repaired. 

Five large signs containing information about the Museum for 
visitors to A Century of Progress were set up at advantageous 
locations on the lawns around the Museum. 

In the public lavatories valves were overhauled generally. The 
Crane Company, of Chicago, changed all old valves in the men's 
lavatory, which had been giving trouble, to a new type which has 
proved very satisfactory. This was done without cost to the Museum. 

Because of the building of street car tracks over the Illinois 
Central Railroad the Museum water main had to be changed and 
about 500 feet of new pipe laid. This involved no expense to the 

During the summer the boilers and the heating system in general 
were carefully gone over, and the brick work and stokers were 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 31 

Under its contract with the John G. Shedd Aquarium, the 
Museum continued to furnish steam from its plant to the aquarium 
during the months when heat was required. 



During the summer of 1933, Field Museum resumed its archaeo- 
logical investigations on the Lowry ruin in southwestern Colorado 
by sending out a third expedition under the leadership of Assistant 
Curator Paul S. Martin. Dr. Martin had previously spent two 
seasons there in 1930 and 1931. He left Chicago by motor car on 
June 16, and returned to the city October 2. The length of time 
spent in the field amounted to thirteen weeks. This expedition, 
known as the Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to the 
Southwest, was financed from the income of a fund established by 
the late Julius and Augusta N. Rosenwald. 

The ruin explored by Dr. Martin, under permit from Secretary 
of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, is located about thirty-two miles 
northwest of Cortez in Montezuma County, and contains a pre- 
historic Indian pueblo. From four to seven men were employed 
according to need during the season. Ten large dwelling rooms of 
the pueblo and one kiva (underground chamber in which ceremonies 
were held) were completely laid bare. In the course of these excava- 
tions 1,015 cubic yards of earth and rock were moved. The total 
number of ground floor rooms now open is twenty-eight. Two more 
kivas were found, bringing the total number for the three seasons' 
work up to nine. Also, considerable trenching was undertaken. 

Several important discoveries were made. It has now been made 
certain that the area at present occupied by the two superposed 
kivas was at one time composed of secular or dwelling rooms. Only 
the dismembered fragments of the walls which had at one time con- 
stituted the partitions of these rooms were found, but they were 
sufficient to give the sequence of development and change. It was 
found also that the builders of Lowry Pueblo often tore away portions 
of old walls and tied new ones into them. Thus, the striking dif- 
ferences in masonry in two walls apparently built at the same 
time may be properly explained. 

It was likewise discovered that a former dwelling room was partly 
demolished and then enlarged so as to enclose a later kiva. The 
nature of this enlargement and the remnants of the demolished wall 

32 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

were cleverly concealed by the free use of adobe mortar and spalls. 
It was not until this season that certain architectural anomalies of 
this kiva enclosure were understood. 

A very accurate set of ground plans and cross sections was 
prepared, traced, and blue-printed. The excavating was conducted 
in such a way that a careful record of all potsherds was obtained, 
the specimens yielded by each foot of ground being separately sacked 
and catalogued. From these potsherds it will be possible to work 
out the stratigraphy, if any should exist, and to correlate the ceramic 
types with the masonry and the dated portions of the pueblo. 
Thirty-five portions of roof beams and lintels were recovered, treated 
with paraffin, and shipped to the Laboratory of Anthropology at 
Santa Fe\ New Mexico, for study and dating. One hundred and 
eight photographs were made by the expedition. These were taken 
especially to show unusual and significant phases of the work, details 
of masonry, abutments, ties, position of roof beams, and perishable 
materials. A scale model, showing two phases in the development 
of the pueblo, was constructed of wood and brought to the Museum. 

The results of this season's efforts are more satisfactory than 
those of the preceding ones. Further excavations have confirmed 
some of the conclusions reached after the season of 1931. Lowry 
Pueblo was first of all Chacoan in culture and was successively 
changed, modified, and added to by its builders, their descendants, 
and finally by newcomers. Room construction, types of masonry, 
and ceramic changes all bear out this conclusion. However, certain 
hypotheses which previously seemed reasonable had to be discarded 
in the light of new evidence obtained this season. Moreover, there 
remain many puzzling features still to be explained, and this can 
be accomplished only by further digging. 

Assistant Curator Wilfrid D. Hambly completed a manuscript 
on the ethnology of Australia to be published in the leaflet series. 
Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson wrote a handbook on the 
archaeology of South America with reference to the exhibits in Hall 9, 
which it is hoped will be brought out next year. Two interesting 
leaflets, one entitled The Races of Mankind, an Introduction to 
Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall, the other, Prehistoric Man, Hall of 
the Stone Age of the Old World, were written by Assistant Curator 
Henry Field, and published as Anthropology Leaflets Nos. 30 and 31. 
The Archaeology of North America, a guide to the exhibits in Hall B, 
written by Assistant Curator Martin, was issued as Anthropology 
Guide, Part 2. This is a most useful and instructive handbook 

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Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 33 

presenting for students and the general public an excellent survey 
of the early history of the Indians in North America, with a lucid 
exposition of the archaeological material. 

Curator Berthold Laufer devoted most of his time during the 
year to the reinstallation of the Chinese and classical collections. 
He also made some researches into the history of buckwheat, maize, 
rye, wheat, and other cereals. 

Sixteen signed articles were contributed by the staff of the Depart- 
ment to Field Museum News during the year; also twenty-five 
unsigned articles and brief items. Data for twenty-four newspaper 
publicity stories were likewise supplied by the staff. 


The number of accessions recorded during the year is forty-seven. 
Of these thirty-nine are gifts, two result from expeditions, and 
six were obtained by exchange. The total number of objects received 
in these accessions is 2,327. 

An important gift consisting of seven Navaho blankets was 
received from the estate of the late Edward E. Ayer, Benefactor and 
former Trustee of the Museum. These blankets were obtained by 
Mr. Ayer some thirty years ago, and are distinguished because of 
their mellow colors and exceptional weaves. 

An exchange made with Mr. Warren K. Moorehead, of Andover, 
Massachusetts, resulted in the acquisition of twelve stone artifacts 
which belong to the Red Paint Culture of Maine. Likewise by 
exchange with Mr. Frank F. McArthur, of Oakland, Iowa, there 
were acquired ten fine examples of early Pueblo pottery recovered 
from burial mounds in southwestern Colorado and southeastern Utah. 

More than fifteen hundred objects were obtained through the 
Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest. This 
collection consists of a large variety of bone and stone tools, pottery, 
potsherds, beads, articles of wood, pendants, animal bones, and 
two pairs of elk antlers, the points of which have been beveled. 
They may have formed part of a ceremonial headdress. 

The collection of Mexican serape blankets has been enriched by 
two remarkable gifts. The first of these is a very finely woven 
serape presented by Mr. Homer E. Sargent, of Pasadena, California 
(formerly of Chicago), an old friend and generous patron of this 
institution, as an addition to the Sargent-Ryerson collection of 
Mexican serapes on exhibition in Hall 8. Another serape, received 
from the estate of the late Edward E. Ayer, is made of two strips 

34 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

woven together lengthwise. Judging by the ornamentation, both 
serapes were probably made in the neighborhood of Saltillo, in 
northern Mexico. 

Thirteen beautiful textiles of fine quality, from the Kabyles of 
Algeria, are another gift from Mr. Sargent, who had collected them 
personally many years ago during a journey in northern Africa. 
The collection comprises well-woven and decorated rugs such as 
are used in the mosques and in better-class families, draperies for 
decorating the walls of mosques, and examples of the capes worn by 
Kabyle women. All these textiles were made by hand on primitive 
looms worked by women in their own homes. They could not be 
obtained at present, and are a most valuable addition to the Mu- 
seum's African collections. 

By exchange with the Department of Middle American Research, 
Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, the Museum acquired 
a collection of fifty-two pottery figurines and vessels belonging to 
the Huaxtec culture of eastern Mexico, which was hitherto poorly 
represented in the Museum collections. 

Mrs. Wills B. Lane, of Savannah, Georgia, presented a four- 
piece costume worn during festivals by Indian men of rank in Santo 
Tomas, Chichicastenango, Guatemala. This costume was placed on 
exhibition immediately. Examples of men's ceremonial clothes are 
difficult to obtain in that part of Guatemala, and the Museum 
previously had possessed no complete costume representing the 
types used there. 

In memory of the late Richard T. Crane, Jr., Benefactor and 
for many years a Trustee of Field Museum, Mrs. Crane, his widow, 
presented a gold beaker from the highlands of Peru. This valuable 
vessel, about six hundred years old, is described in Field Museum 
News, Volume 4, No. 9, September, 1933, and has been placed on 
exhibition in H. N. Higinbotham Hall (Hall 31). 

Miss Lucy D. Plummer, of Chicago, gave the Museum thirteen 
pottery vessels which she had collected. They are beautiful examples 
of the decorative skill of the Conibo Indians, who live on the banks 
of the Ucayali River, a tributary of the Amazon, in eastern Peru. 

From another tributary of the Amazon, the Jary River, comes 
an ethnological collection of twenty-four pieces presented by Pro- 
fessor Franz F. Exner, of Northfield, Minnesota. The collection 
consists of bows, arrows, a paddle, and eight pottery vessels manu- 
factured by the Aparai Indians. The decorations on the arrows are 
of very high quality. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 35 

Eight motion picture reels representing religious dances and 
pantomimes of Tibetan Lamas were presented by Dr. Wilhelm 
Filchner of Berlin, well-known explorer of Tibet, who made these 
films on his last expedition. They are not only of educational and 
artistic value, but are also helpful in the study of these curious 
dances, in connection with which the Museum has a comprehensive 
collection of masks and costumed figures on exhibition in the West 
Gallery (Hall 32). 

An important addition to the Chinese collection is a gift from 
Mrs. William K. Moore, of New York (formerly of Chicago), of 
sixteen metal mirrors, several bronze ornaments for chariots and 
harness, and a cast-iron frog. The mirrors come from the Huai 
River Valley in Anhui Province, China, and date in the third century 
B.C. They are elaborately decorated with geometric designs in relief 
and represent the earliest Chinese mirrors now extant. 

A legacy of $50,000 left to the Museum by the late Chauncey 
Keep, a member of the Board of Trustees from 1915 until his death 
in 1929, was applied to the expense of the construction work in Hall 3 
(named in his honor Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall), and to the cost 
of a number of the bronze figures, busts, and heads sculptured by 
Miss Malvina Hoffman and placed on exhibition in the hall. The 
balance of the cost of this notable exhibit illustrating the races of 
mankind has been met by generous contributions, totaling more 
than $150,000, from Mr. Marshall Field, Mrs. Stanley Field, and 
Mrs. Charles H. Schweppe. 

Mr. Marshall Field is the donor of sculptures of a Bushman 
family, an aged Bushman, a Batwa boy, a Mangbetu woman, a 
Negro from Dahomey, an Ituri Pygmy group, a fisherman from 
Sicily, a Vedda, a Rajput woman, a Singhalese, an Indian Brahman, 
an Afghan, an Andaman Islander, an Eskimo man and woman, four 
Chinese, a Tibetan, a Manchu, a Japanese, a Malay, a Dyak, and 
an Australian aborigine. 

Mrs. Stanley Field presented the sculptures of a Bushman woman, 
an African dancing girl of the Sara tribe, a woman from the Sudan, 
a Senegal Negro, an Abyssinian Hamite, a Breton woman, a Basque, 
an Arab, a Bengali woman, a Burmese, a Mongol, a Tibetan woman, 
a Japanese lady, a Blackfoot Indian, a Hawaiian, a Samoan, a Jakun 
woman, a Javanese boy and woman, and a group of Malayan cock- 
fighters consisting of two men, a woman, and a boy. 

The sculptures of a Shilluk warrior, two Negroes, a Somali, an 
Ubangi woman, a Nubian, a Frenchman, an Anglo-Saxon, a Chinese, 

36 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

two Kashmiris, a Bengali, a Tamil, a Chinese jinriksha man, two 
Ainus, a Hawaiian surf-rider, an Australian aborigine mother and 
child, a Balinese woman, a Maya, a Patagonian, a Georgian, a Lapp, 
and an Italian were presented by the late Chauncey Keep. 

Mrs. Charles H. Schweppe contributed to Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall the group of three bronze figures of heroic size sym- 
bolizing the unity of mankind, which occupies the center of the hall, 
the stone head of an Indian woman from Jaipur, the limestone bust 
of a Chinese woman, and the black marble head of an Abyssinian 

Miss Hoffman, the sculptor, presented the head of a Shanghai 
Chinese sculptured in limestone. At the end of the year she was 
engaged in modeling the remaining pieces which are to be placed 
in the hall. 

A collection of silver ornaments and other jewelry worn by the 
Druze women in the Lebanon, Syria, was obtained and presented 
by Miss Nejla Izzeddin, of the Oriental Institute of the University 
of Chicago, who last year made an anthropometric survey of the 
Druzes of Syria. 

A collection of Arab household equipment used by the modern 
Arabs of the Kish area is a gift from Mr. Henry Field, of Chicago. 
The collection contains also interesting camel bags of the Beduins, 
and a coffee bag, measure, pestle and mortar of the Druzes. Like- 
wise presented by Mr. Field were twenty-five pottery sherds with 
painted designs, and a glass vessel which he excavated at Niliat, 
about ten miles east of Kish. 

Mr. Field also presented a collection of twenty-one chert pro- 
jectile points, resembling somewhat those found with fossil bison 
at Folsom, New Mexico. 

From the Mus£e d'Ethnographie, Paris, the Museum received 
in exchange four objects collected by the Dakar-Djibouti Expedition 
in 1931. Since the Museum has no other material from French West 
Africa, these objects are especially useful. Two of them, a musical 
instrument and a painted stone, were used in sacred ceremonies 
of initiation. Mr. H. G. Moore, of Peoria, Illinois, presented five 
musical instruments — a drum of fine workmanship from Zanzibar, 
three stringed instruments of Arab origin which are used in North 
Africa and western Asia, and a primitive one-stringed instrument 
consisting of a wooden resonator, used by Hottentots and some 
southern Bantu tribes. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 37 

Through a gift from Mrs. Laura C. Boulton, of Chicago, there 
have been added several valuable objects to the collections from 
Angola, Portuguese West Africa. Included is a marimba, an excellent 
example of this kind of musical instrument, made by fastening thin 
slats of wood to a frame. Under each piece of wood is a gourd that 
gives resonance when the wooden slats are beaten with rubber- 
headed sticks. Like this marimba, a tubular drum presented by 
Mrs. Boulton is valuable because of the increasing rarity of such 
instruments. Owing to the advance of European influences 
difficulty is experienced in finding artisans who are able to make 
these instruments, and musicians who can play them. A finely carved 
mask of the Vachokue tribe of eastern Angola is of scientific interest 
because of its association with initiation ceremonies. The collection 
also includes carved wooden staffs and basketry. 

By exchange with the National Museum of Copenhagen, Den- 
mark, there were received a number of reproductions of well-selected 
implements belonging to the Danish Maglemosean and kitchen- 
midden cultures, together with a number of original specimens repre- 
senting various types of implements of these periods. 


Thirty-four of the forty-seven accessions received during the year 
have been entered in the inventory books. Six accessions of previous 
years and parts of seven others have also been entered. 

The work of cataloguing has been continued as usual, the number 
of catalogue cards prepared during the year totaling 1,492. The 
total number of catalogue cards entered from the opening of the 
first inventory volume is 207,375. 

The catalogue cards prepared are distributed as follows: archae- 
ology and ethnology of North America, 130; archaeology and eth- 
nology of Mexico, Central and South America, 275 ; archaeology and 
ethnology of China and Japan, 131; archaeology of the Gobi Desert, 
Mongolia, 178; ethnology of Melanesia, 2; ethnology of Africa, 22; 
archaeology of the Near East, 27; archaeology of continental Europe, 
702; archaeology of England and Scotland, 24; physical anthropology, 
1. All these cards have been entered in the inventory volumes, which 
number fifty-seven. 

A total of 10,051 labels for use in exhibition cases was supplied 
by the Division of Printing. These labels are distributed among the 
collections as follows: classical archaeology, 1,911; Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall, 540; Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World, 1,678; 

38 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Melanesia, 2,337; China, 1,880; Australia, 452; Africa, 42 ; Southwest, 
840; Central and South America, 357; and 14 hall labels. The 
Division of Printing also supplied 2,650 catalogue cards and 100 
accession number stickers for use in the files. 

The number of photographs mounted in albums is 700. Five 
new albums were opened. To the label file 990 cards were added. 

installations and rearrangements — anthropology 

The Department has an exceptional record this year in that two 
new halls were opened and three halls were completely reorganized 
in such a way that they present an entirely new appearance. 

One hundred and five exhibition cases were installed during the 
year, distributed as follows: 

Edward E. and Emma B. Ayer Hall (Hall 2) 26 

Southwest Archaeology and Ethnology (Hall 7) 8 

Archaeology and Ethnology of Mexico and Central America (Hall 8) . 1 

George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24) 9 

Ethnology of China and Tibet (Hall 32) 2 

Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A) 28 

Ethnology of Australia (Alcove Al) 5 

Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) 25 

Ethnology of Africa (Hall D) 1 

Total 105 

The collections pertaining to classical archaeology, chiefly froi 
Italy, displayed in Edward E. and Emma B. Ayer Hall (Hall 2), 
have been completely revised, relabeled, and reinstalled in twenty- 
six cases by the Curator. The material has been carefully studied 
and sifted, unessential objects have been eliminated, and many 
pieces not previously shown have been placed on exhibition. Above 
all, a much clearer and more intelligent arrangement has been 
effected. With the exception of surgical and musical instruments 
and some steelyards and weights, which have been installed in one 
case, all metal reproductions of Greek and Roman bronzes and 
furniture have been removed from exhibition. The collection is 
particularly strong in Etruscan and Pompeiian archaeological 
material. The Etruscan exhibits are displayed in fourteen cases 
north of the stairway that leads to the ground floor and divides 
the hall into two equal sections. There is a comprehensive display 
of plain, black, and painted Etruscan ceramics, and of marble, 
alabaster, and tufa cinerary urns and sarcophagi. Three of the 
sarcophagi, decorated with marine monsters and sphinxes in bright 
colors, are unique. South of the stairway are exhibited household 
utensils of bronze, iron, pottery, and glass found in Pompeii, Bos- 
coreale, and other places in Italy. The frescoes formerly shown in 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 39 

the hall are now displayed in the adjoining corridor, where they 
can be seen to greater advantage. At the south end of the hall 
there are four cases containing good specimens of Oriental and 
Roman glass to which some fine examples of colored glass found in 
the Sassanian palaces at Kish have been added. Each case is fully 
labeled and provided with an instructive map. 

Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall (Hall 3) was opened to the 
public on June 6. It contains sculptures in bronze and stone illustrat- 
ing the principal types found among the races of mankind, the work 
of Miss Malvina Hoffman. On account of the unique character 
of its contents, the hall required special treatment and a great 
amount of thoughtful planning. New resources of museum technique 
were applied to it, and a great deal of construction work had to be 
undertaken. Alcoves were built to provide a suitable setting for 
the sculptures. Numerous experiments were made with reference 
to the color of backgrounds and systems of lighting, until at last a 
satisfactory and harmonious exhibition was achieved. The exhibits, 
consisting of full-length figures, busts, and heads, are arranged in 
geographical order, sections being devoted to each of the principal 
racial divisions — those of Africa, Europe, Asia, America, Oceania, 
and Australia. Included are several attractive groups, such as a 
Bushman family, Ituri Forest Pygmies, Malayan cockfighters, and 
an Australian aborigine mother and child. Thirty-one colored 
transparencies representing various racial types, made under the 
direction of Miss Hoffman, are shown at the east end of the hall. 
Installation of the hall is not yet completed. A number of bronze 
heads and a full-length figure of a Pueblo Indian woman remain to 
be made, and special exhibits in physical anthropology will be installed 
during the coming year. Two views of Chauncey Keep Memorial 
Hall are shown in Plates III and IV of this Report. 

The reorganization of Hall 7 was continued during the year under 
the direction of Assistant Curator Martin. Eight cases of South- 
western United States archaeological and ethnological material were 
placed on exhibition. Most of the objects, including buffalo-hide 
shields, painted buffalo robes, and pottery from pueblos in New 
Mexico, as well as ancient pottery, textiles, baskets, and bone, 
stone, and wooden artifacts, were never before exhibited. Note- 
worthy are the rare and well-preserved objects recovered from Cliff 
Dweller pueblos and dry caves containing Basket Maker burials. 
The old-style black labels have been replaced throughout this hall 
with short, non-technical statements on buff cards in black type. 

40 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

The Hopi house was thoroughly cleaned, and the life-size figures 
in it were repainted by Mr. Leon L. Pray, of the Department of 
Zoology. The Hopi altars were regrouped, and the models of the 
pueblo villages repaired and cleaned. Hall 7 now presents an 
orderly and attractive appearance. 

In Hall 8, a case of Guatemalan textiles was reinstalled so as to 
enable the exhibition of the man's costume from Santo Tomas, 
Chichicastenango, presented this year by Mrs. Wills B. Lane, as 
well as textiles collected in 1931 by the Third Marshall Field Archaeo- 
logical Expedition to British Honduras. 

In George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24) nine 
additional cases were installed this year. These comprise four cases 
of ancient Buddhist and Taoist marble sculpture, a case of Buddhist 
and another of Taoist bronze votive effigies, a case of T'ang dynasty 
tombstones, an exhibit illustrating the neolithic period of China, 
and a case of rhinoceros-horn cups. Forty-six framed paintings and 
tapestries and one cut velvet hanging were distributed over the walls 
of this hall and the South Gallery. The installation of this hall is 
now complete. 

Reinstallation of Hall 32, devoted to the ethnology of China and 
Tibet, has been begun. Plans have been worked out, and a case 
of Chinese fans has been attractively installed. A case of Tibetan 
costumes, placed on dummies, has been reinstalled. 

Rearrangements were made in several cases of the gem room 
(H. N. Higinbotham Hall, Hall 31), and a gold beaker from Peru, 
presented this year by Mrs. Richard T. Crane, Jr., has been added 
to the case of ancient American gold ornaments. 

During the year exhibits in twenty-eight cases were installed 
or reinstalled on light-colored backgrounds in Joseph N. Field 
Hall (Hall A) under the direction of Assistant Curator Albert B. 
Lewis. These cases contain ethnological material from New Guinea, 
the Admiralty Islands, New Britain, the Solomon Islands, New 
Hebrides, New Caledonia, and some of the smaller Melanesian 
islands. Opportunity was taken to place on exhibition many 
objects not previously shown. One case, that representing the 
region around Astrolabe Bay, New Guinea, contains new material 

The principal change, aside from the lighter backgrounds, has 
been in the rearrangement and grouping of the material so as to 
illustrate native life and industries to greater advantage. Numer- 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 41 

ous photographs have been added to show local types of dwellings, 
and the ordinary clothing and ornaments worn by men and women, 
as well as their special festival garb. Wherever possible, photographs 
illustrating native industries and methods of work were also added. 
These are shown together with specimens in various stages of manu- 
facture. Examples are the making of shell beads for money in 
New Guinea and the Admiralty Islands; the making of large shell 
rings on the island of Tanga, where such rings are used for both 
money and ornament; the making of somewhat similar rings, but 
by an entirely different method, in northern New Guinea at Berlin 
Harbor; and the making of string and fish-nets in the same region. 

Among numerous objects of interest are a series of shields and 
spears from New Guinea and New Britain; elaborately barbed and 
ornamented spears and arrows from the Solomon Islands; a great 
variety of clubs from the New Hebrides and New Caledonia; stone- 
headed clubs from eastern New Guinea; remarkable carved and 
painted tablets and figures from the Gulf of Papua; and huge figures 
from the New Hebrides carved out of wood and tree ferns. 

During the year installation of five cases illustrating the ethnology 
of Australia was completed under the direction of Assistant Curator 
Wilfrid D. Hambly. Since the foundation of the Museum some 
forty years ago, ethnological material from the aborigines of Australia 
has been gradually acquired by purchase and exchange. A selection 
made from this material has been so arranged as to represent four 
characteristic culture areas, each of which has distinctive forms of 
boomerangs, shields, clubs, and spear-throwers. An exceptionally 
fine collection of spear-heads, made from quartz and glass, is dis- 
played, along with the bones used in pressure flaking to produce the 
finely serrated edges. Among objects connected with native magical 
practices are shoes of emu feathers used in the tracking and ritual 
murder of an enemy; pointing bones for injuring a foe by magical 
rites; and a skullcap of gypsum such as is worn by widows at the 
graves of their husbands. A representative series of personal orna- 
ments, and examples of domestic implements and utensils, are 
displayed on the screens. An instructive map showing tribal distribu- 
tion, especially drawn for this exhibit, is hung on the wall. The 
Australian collection has been placed in an alcove designated Al, 
located between Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A) and Hall E. 

The installation of the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World 
(Hall C), was completed this year, and the hall was opened to 
the public in July. Four new groups were installed in addition to the 

42 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

four completed in 1932. Also, nine floor cases with screens, and eight 
special wall cases, were installed this year under the direction of 
Assistant Curator Henry Field. The hall now contains a total of 
eight large groups, fifteen screen cases, and eight special wall cases. 
The groups, which are life-size, are as follows: (1) Chellean scene, 
France; (2) Neanderthal family at Devil's Tower rock-shelter, 
Gibraltar; (3) cave of Gargas, France, illustrating the dawn of art 
in the Aurignacian period; (4) sculptured frieze of Le Roc, France, 
illustrating the art of the Solutrean period; (5) rock-shelter of Cap- 
Blanc, France, showing frieze of animals and Magdalenian sculptures 
in high relief; (6) a boar hunt of the Azilian period; (7) sun-worship 
by a priest of the neolithic period at Carnac in Brittany, France, illus- 
trated in Plate V of this Report; (8) Lake Dwellers of Switzerland. 
These groups were planned, and data for them were secured, by 
Assistant Curator Field with the cooperation of Abbe" Henri Breuil, 
of Paris. The sculptural work was executed by Mr. Frederick 
Blaschke, who has succeeded admirably in restoring the various 
types of prehistoric man as scientific research indicates they must 
have appeared in life. The caves in groups 3, 5, and 6 were also 
reproduced by Mr. Blaschke, and are based on studies of the originals. 
The painted backgrounds are the work of Staff Artist Charles A. 
Corwin. Messrs. Marshall Field, Frederick H. Rawson, and Silas 
H. Strawn, members of the Board of Trustees of the Museum, 
have contributed to the cost of the exhibits in this hall. 

The eight special cases contain the following: the skeleton of 
a Magdalenian woman from Cap-Blanc, France, which is the only 
Magdalenian skeleton in the United States; a reproduction of the 
clay bison at Tuc d'Audoubert, France, the earliest examples in 
existence of modeling in the round, of the Magdalenian period; a 
tusk of Elephas antiquus from Steinheim an der Murr, Germany; 
four colored reproductions of Aurignacian cave paintings; a colored 
plaster copy of the Solutrean sculpture of a pair of fighting male 
ibexes, one of the most important sculptures of the upper paleolithic 
period; six colored reproductions of Magdalenian cave paintings 
from Font-de-Gaume, France; eight drawings of animals contem- 
porary with prehistoric man in western Europe; three drawings by 
the late Amed6e Forestier of reconstructed neolithic hunting scenes; 
and photographs and reconstructions of Lake Dweller sites in 
southern Germany excavated by Dr. R. R. Schmidt. 

The archaeological collections, shown in fifteen screen cases, are 
arranged in chronological sequence, covering the periods between 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 43 

the Pliocene flint implements of Ipswich, England, and the iron age 
of Neuchatel, Switzerland. These exhibits, which comprise human 
and animal remains, and artifacts, are placed opposite each of the 
groups to which they correspond in time. Especially noteworthy 
are the type collections from Solutre" and Tarte* in France; original 
Neanderthal fragments; the Aurignacian necklaces from Sergeac, 
in France; the Aurignacian objects from Czechoslovakia; Magda- 
lenian carvings on bone and stone; and a series of Azilian painted 

Altogether the Hall of the Stone Age presents, so far as the present 
state of science permits, a vivid, colorful, and impressive picture of 
the character and life of prehistoric man in western Europe. 

The picturesque textiles from Algeria presented by Mr. Homer E. 
Sargent have been installed in a screen case and placed on exhibition. 

Much time and care was spent on the rearrangement of storage 
rooms on the third floor. On completion of the hall of Chinese 
archaeology surplus material from China was sorted, classified, 
and neatly arranged with appropriate labels on the steel racks in 
Room 66. Room 28 was cleared and is now reserved for the repro- 
ductions of Greek and Roman bronzes and for surplus material 
from Egypt and Melanesia. Much of the material in storage is 
available for exchange or other purposes. 

The study collection in physical anthropology, housed in steel 
cabinets in Room 39, is now entirely arranged and comprises 450 
complete skeletons, 350 of which are from North America and 100 
from South America, mainly from Peru; 1,100 skulls, 350 of which 
are from North America, 300 from South America, 300 from the 
Pacific area, 50 from Kish, Mesopotamia, and 100 from various 
other localities; 2,000 fragmentary human remains including skulls 
and parts of skulls, long bones, and other bones; and ten articulated 
human skeletons including a male and female aboriginal Australian. 
There are also a series of casts of racial type heads (mainly Asiatic) 
and facial masks from Africa. 

The friendly cooperation of Dr. Gerhard von Bonin, Assistant 
Professor of Anatomy at the University of Illinois, in restoring and 
classifying skulls and skeletal material, is gratefully acknowledged. 

The prehistoric archaeology study collection in Room 40, which 
contains important material from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, 
and Central America, has been rearranged. This collection numbers 
approximately fifty thousand objects of stone and bone. Combined 

44 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

with the material from prehistoric Europe on exhibition in the Hall 
of the Stone Age of the Old World, this study collection enables 
students to examine representative series from all important ancient 
sites so far discovered. Photographs of European sites made by the 
three Marshall Field Expeditions to Western Europe are also 

Repairing and numbering of specimens and poisoning of exhibition 
cases and perishable material were taken care of in the usual manner. 

The Chinese gateway formerly shown in Stanley Field Hall, 
a number of Indian totem poles, grave posts and house posts, and 
two articulated skeletons were loaned by the Museum to A Century 
of Progress exposition where they attracted many visitors. Because 
of lack of suitable exhibition space in the Museum the gateway 
and the totem poles and posts were sold after the close of the 

EXPEDITIONS and research 

No expeditions were conducted by the Department of Botany 
during the year. In Europe, however, Assistant Curator J. Francis 
Macbride continued his work, described in the Reports of 1929 to 
1932, inclusive, of photographing, under a grant from the Rockefeller 
Foundation, type specimens of plants preserved in European her- 
baria. During 1933 about 3,000 additional negatives were made, 
most of which already have been received at the Museum. The 
collection of negatives has now reached a total of more than 26,000, 
representing almost as many species, chiefly South American plants. 

During the early part of the year Mr. Macbride concluded 
his work at the University Botanical Museum of Copenhagen, where 
he photographed many of the Central American and Mexican types 
obtained by the famous collectors Oersted and Liebmann, as well 
as those brought from Brazil by early Danish explorers. The success 
of his work at Copenhagen was facilitated by the cordial cooperation 
of Dr. Carl Christensen, who is in charge of the herbarium. 

After completing work at Copenhagen, Mr. Macbride returned 
to Berlin, where he made further photographs of the types preserved 
in the remarkably extensive herbarium of the Berlin Botanical 
Garden and Museum. As on previous visits to Berlin, Mr. Macbride 
received the most hearty assistance from the director, Dr. Ludwig 
Diels, and from the staff of the museum and herbarium, and he 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 45 

was thus enabled practically to complete the photographing of 
South American types. 

Toward the middle of the year Mr. Macbride proceeded to 
Switzerland, where he had already photographed the types in 
certain families. Resuming his work there, he was still engaged 
at Geneva at the end of the year. The Delessert and De Candolle 
herbaria of the Conservatory and Botanic Garden of Geneva are 
much visited by botanists because of the great number of historic 
and type specimens that they possess, and several months more 
will be needed to complete the photographic work on them. Since 
specimens of the De Candolle Herbarium, which is doubtless the 
most famous single large plant collection in the world, are never lent 
outside the herbarium, photographs of its type specimens are particu- 
larly valuable for use in America and other countries. For more than 
a century the botanists of Geneva have been celebrated for their 
friendliness toward visitors, and for their cooperation with botanists 
of other countries, and Mr. Macbride has received the most enthusi- 
astic and kindly assistance from the present director of the herbaria, 
Dr. B. P. Georges Hochreutiner, who has helped in every possible 
manner to make the work a success. 

Special mention should be made of the assistance of Dr. Gustave 
Beauverd of the Boissier Herbarium and Professor Robert Chodat 
of the University of Geneva, who courteously lent for photographing 
a large number of types of the Boissier Herbarium, particularly 
palms and orchids. Mr. Macbride's work was aided, also, by a 
generous loan from the Botanical Garden of Leningrad, through 
Professor B. A. Keller, of certain types of palms of which photographs 
were made. 

It would be impossible to exaggerate the value of this photo- 
graphic work, which has now been continued some four and a half 
years. The 26,000 photographs thus far obtained represent a great 
advance in the practical work of systematic botany in America. 
Formerly, in the determination of large collections of plants from 
South America, it was almost imperative to visit European herbaria 
to make exact identifications, but with these photographs at hand 
it is now possible to make determinations with almost as great ease 
as if the original specimens were before one's eyes. While the 
advantages are most immediately apparent in the Herbarium of 
Field Museum, they are also available to botanists generally in 
the United States and other countries, for prints from these negatives 

46 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

are available at cost of printing to all institutions and individuals 

desiring them. 

During the year the Museum Herbarium has been in constant 
use not only by the staff of the Department of Botany, but also by 
an unusually large number of visitors from all parts of the United 
States and various foreign countries. 

The large plant collections received during the year have occupied 
fully the time of the Herbarium staff. Through the employment of 
an additional assistant in plant mounting, it has been possible to 
prepare for insertion in the Herbarium a large quantity of excep- 
tionally valuable and useful material, chiefly from Central and 
South America. In the latter part of the year the number of 
plants mounted was further increased due to assistance received 
from extra workers furnished by the Illinois Emergency Relief 
Commission and the Civil Works Service of the federal govern- 
ment. All the mounted material has been distributed promptly 
into the permanent collections, for expansion of which several new 
steel cases have been provided. 

There were submitted to the Herbarium for study and deter- 
mination 199 lots of plants, consisting of 10,330 specimens. Of 
these, 52 lots, consisting of 2,318 specimens, were named and returned 
to the senders, while 147 lots, comprising 8,012 specimens, were 
retained by the Museum. In addition, there were determined many 
plants of the Chicago region, brought to the Museum by visitors, 
teachers, and students, or forwarded by mail. There were answered, 
also, many inquiries by mail and telephone, calling for the most 
diverse information upon botanical subjects. 

Associate Curator Paul C. Standley published fourteen papers 
based more or less directly upon the Herbarium collections, five of 
them, dealing with American trees, in Tropical Woods. His Flora of 
Barro Colorado Island, Panama, with 178 pages, a map, and twenty- 
one plates, was issued as No. 5 of the Contributions from the Arnold 
Arboretum of Harvard University. 

Members of the Department staff prepared for Tropical Woods 
many abstracts and reviews of current literature relating to tropical 
trees and shrubs, and contributed numerous signed articles and 
brief items to Field Museum News. 


During 1933 the Department of Botany received 251 accessions, 
comprising 30,227 specimens, both numbers being somewhat lower 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 47 

than those of the preceding year, although the value of the material 
was perhaps equally great. The accessions consisted of specimens 
for the Herbarium, for the exhibits, and for the wood and economic 
collections. Of the total number, 7,047 were gifts, 13,185 were 
received through exchange, 732 were purchased, and the rest were 
derived from miscellaneous sources. 

Of the Department's total receipts of 30,227 specimens, those 
for the Herbarium amounted to 29,794 items — plant specimens, 
photographic prints, and negatives. The largest and most important 
accession of the year consisted of 2,400 specimens from the Con- 
servatory and Botanic Garden of Geneva, received in exchange 
through the courtesy of the Director, Dr. B. P. Georges Hochreutiner. 
The two shipments containing this material are among the most 
valuable and useful consignments of herbarium specimens ever 
dispatched from Europe to the United States. They consist chiefly 
of historical collections, principally from South America. Most of 
them are duplicate types or critically determined specimens. These 
shipments have added to the Museum many hundreds of species 
which previously were not represented here, and probably not in any 
other American museum. 

Another collection of valuable specimens of the same nature 
was received in exchange from the University Botanical Museum 
of Copenhagen, through Dr. Carl Christensen. The material con- 
tains 947 specimens, likewise largely of South American plants, 
particularly from the Brazilian collections of Warming and Lund. 
Mexican and Central American plants obtained by Liebmann and 
Oersted are also included. A large proportion of these specimens 
represent type material. 

From the previously mentioned photographic negatives of type 
specimens of tropical American plants made in European herbaria 
by Assistant Curator Macbride, there were added to the Herbarium 
about 2,500 prints, thus making available for comparison many 
species not formerly represented. Three other American institu- 
tions purchased from Field Museum 2,377 prints from these negatives. 

While under existing financial restrictions it has not been possible 
for the Museum to buy some of the highly desirable series of tropical 
plants which have been offered for sale, the Herbarium has never- 
theless received a large amount of highly valuable material through 
gifts and exchanges. Many of the most desirable contributions 
have been received in return for the determination of the specimens. 
A striking example is a lot of 1,071 plants of the Yucatan peninsula, 

48 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

forwarded for determination by the Department of Botany of the 
University of Michigan, through Professor H. H. Bartlett. These 
make a substantial addition to the Museum's already unequaled 
representation of the flora of that unique region. 

The Companhia Ford Industrial do Brasil, of Para, Brazil, has 
continued its sendings of herbarium and wood specimens from the 
Amazon Valley, and during 1933 forwarded herbarium material of 
203 trees and other plants, most of which supplement collections 
obtained in earlier years. Other important Brazilian collections 
received include 292 plants obtained by Mrs. Ynes Mexia, of 
Berkeley, California, and 210 specimens collected by Jose" Frambach 
and presented by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator of the Depart- 
ment of Botany. 

Deserving of special mention among the gifts to the Herbarium 
during 1933 are 652 plants from Colombia, presented by the col- 
lector, Mr. Alexander E. Lawrance, of Bogota; 474 specimens, 
chiefly from the Eggers Ecuador collections, presented by the Uni- 
versity Botanical Museum, of Oslo, Norway; 562 plants, chiefly trees 
of Central and South America, presented by the School of Forestry 
of Yale University, through Professor Samuel J. Record; 436 Costa 
Rican plants, received from the National Museum of San Jose\ 
through Professor Manuel Valerio; 225 Costa Rican specimens, 
collected and presented by Professor Harvey E. Stork, of North- 
field, Minnesota; 314 plants of British Honduras, collected and 
presented by Mr. William A. Schipp, of Stann Creek in that country, 
continuing his previous series; 474 Mexican plants presented by the 
collector, Mr. C. H. Mueller, of Cuero, Texas; 348 Mexican plants 
presented by Mr. H. W. von Rozynski, of Jaumave, Mexico; 225 
plants of the United States, collected and presented by Mr. 
Hermann C. Benke, of Chicago, who previously had contributed 
other extensive collections to the Herbarium; and 324 specimens, 
chiefly Hawaiian Compositae, given by Dr. Earl E. Sherff, of Chicago. 

Besides the collections specifically mentioned above, the Museum 
received through gifts and exchanges much other valuable herbarium 
material from tropical America, the United States, Canada, and other 
parts of the world. A summary of this will be found in the List 
of Accessions for the year (p. 94 of this Report). 

The number of specimens accessioned during the year especially 
for the economic collections numbered 437. Some of the principal 
ones are mentioned in the account of the new installations made 
during the year (p. 50). Among others worthy of special mention 








be m> 


" J ltW'~ 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 49 

are sheets of crepe and vulcanized rubber from the Firestone Tire 
and Rubber Company, of Akron, Ohio; specimens of rubber from 
Sumatra presented by Van Cleef Brothers, of Chicago; eight planks 
of Brazilian woods, representing Amazonian timbers at present being 
marketed in the United States, from the Ford Motor Company, 
Dearborn, Michigan; specimens of Honduras rosewood and 
padauk from Mr. W. S. Scribner of the Craftsman Wood Service 
Company, Inc., Chicago; and a trunk of a Livistona palm from the 
Garfield Park Conservatory, Chicago. 

For the mahogany exhibit, Park Richmond and Company, of 
Chicago, presented an unusually fine board of Santo Domingo 
mahogany; T. Hofmann-Olsen, Inc., of New Orleans, Louisiana, 
gave two boards of Cuban mahogany, plain and figured ; the Mengel 
Company, of Louisville, Kentucky, a board of Honduras mahogany; 
and Ichabod T. Williams and Sons, of New York, a board of Peruvian 

Through the courtesy of S. C. Johnson and Son, Inc., of Racine, 
Wisconsin, there were received four specimens of vegetable oils 
from Ceara, Brazil. From the Palm Oil Company, Plainfield, New 
Jersey, fourteen samples of palm nuts and oil were obtained. From 
Mr. G. B. Reuss, Hohen Solms, Louisiana, through the cooperation 
of the pecan culturist at the Agricultural Experiment Station, 
University of Florida, there were received fifty varieties of pecan 
nuts. The Division of Pomology, College of Agriculture, Davis, 
California, supplied a fruiting branch of jujube and almond trees. 
Mr. C. M. La Follett, of Salem, Oregon, furnished samples of English 
walnuts and filberts. 

For the paper exhibit, the most notable contributions were 
samples of linen rag paper from Crane and Company, Inc., Dalton, 
Massachusetts; linen rag paper from Worthy Paper Company, West 
Springfield, Massachusetts; bamboo paper from Thomas N. Fair- 
banks Company, New York; and esparto pulp and paper from the 
McLaurin-Jones Company, Brookfield, Massachusetts, and from 
Smith and McLaurin, Ltd., of Milliken Park, Scotland. 

Many photographs desired for display in conjunction with 
exhibits in the various halls were furnished by individuals and 
scientific institutions among whom may be especially mentioned: 
the Forest Service and Bureau of Plant Industry of the United 
States Department of Agriculture; the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard 
University; Dr. S. A. Barrett, Director of the Public Museum, 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Mr. Hermann C. Benke, of Chicago; and 

50 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, Akron, Ohio. Professor 
Ruben de Souza Carvalho, of Sao Paulo, Brazil, contributed twenty 
photographs illustrating the coffee industry of the state of Sao Paulo. 

The Department distributed through exchanges 13,871 herbarium 
specimens, woods, and photographs to forty-six institutions and 
individuals of North and South America, Europe, and Asia. Much 
of the material distributed consisted of duplicates obtained in Peru 
by the Marshall Field Expeditions. Loans of mounted herbarium 
specimens amounted to forty-seven lots, comprising 1,963 specimens. 


During 1933 the permanent collections of the Herbarium were 
increased by more than 25,000 sheets of plants and photographs, 
besides several thousand sheets bearing original printed descriptions 
of new species or other published matter useful for study purposes. 
The total number of mounted specimens now in the Herbarium is 
678,363. There were removed from the collections during the year 
1,138 duplicate specimens. The specimens labeled and incorporated 
into the collections of the Department of Botany as a whole now 
number approximately 700,000. Additions to the records of the 
collections of economic material totaled 437 in 1933. New labels 
were written for a large part of the exhibits in the Hall of Plant 
Life (Hall 29), for all new exhibits, for the economic reference 
collections, for thousands of herbarium specimens, and for other 
thousands of duplicate specimens distributed in exchange. 

From the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 3,602 cards 
were received in continuation of the index of new species of American 
plants, and these were inserted in the Museum's file of these cards. 
Several thousand cards were prepared and added to the catalogue 
of the Department library for the books and pamphlets on various 
botanical subjects. 


In the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) a great improvement has been 
effected by a departure from the usual alcove arrangement still 
maintained in the other halls of the Department. With the blocking 
up of the windows and the change to artificial illumination, it has 
been possible to vary the regular succession of equal alcoves which, 
in this long hall, formerly produced a monotonous effect of long 
rows of exhibition cases, giving prominence to them rather than 
to their contents. The rearrangement has resulted in a much more 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. X, Plate VII 

TOBACCO PLANT (Nicoliana tabacum) 

(Hall 28) 

Reproduced in Plant Reproduction Laboratories, 
Department of Botany of the Museum 



Jan. 1934 Antstal Report of the Director 51 

pleasing appearance of the hall as a whole see Plate VI). The 
larger vistas opened facilitate a rapid inspection of the exhibits with 
much less fatigue to the visitor. The change was accomplished with 
relatively little work, although it called for a certain amount of 
reinstallation on account of the new juxtaposition of exhibits. 

A considerable amount of new material was added to the exhibits 
in this hall. To the mallows, hitherto scarcely represented, there 
have been added some life-like reproductions of plants, prepared in 
the Plant Reproduction Laboratories of the Museum. An inspection 
of this new installation reveals at a glance that this family includes 
not only various important food plants, such as the potato, tomato, 
eggplant, and the pimentoes. but also the scarcely less important 
tobacco plant, as well as various poisonous and drug-producing 
plants such as stramonium and belladonna. The reproduction of 
a flowering branch of the purple and white Brunfelsia, which was 
placed on exhibition last year, acquires a new interest now that 
it is found in its proper botanical association with the more widely 
known examples of this family. 

Gourds, cucumbers, squashes, and their allies, form another 
family of economic importance that has also been lacking from this 
hall until recently. A beginning toward its representation has been 
made by the installation of a half case. 

The Panama hat palm represents an interesting plant family 
which partakes of the botanical characters of both aroids and palms. 
The species which furnishes material for the famous hats of Ecuador 
and Peru, commonly attributed to Panama, is shown by a handsome 
reproduction prepared from material obtained by the Stanley Field 
Guiana Expedition in 1922. Besides serving its purpose as a botanical 
exhibit, this specimen is an especially interesting example of Museum 
technique in the employment of celluloid for the representation of 
plant forms. This exhibit supplements the one in Hall 28 showing 
the various steps in the manufacture of a Panama hat. 

The aroids are now well represented, a notable addition this 
year being a reproduction of Montrid I :.:. a large aquatic calla 
lily of the rivers of northern South America. It is one of the chief 
food plants of the hoatzin, a primitive claw-winged crested bird. 
Material for this, as well as for most of the items added to the 
exhibits of which mention follows herewith, was secured in Para 
in 1929 by the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the Amazon. 
Perhaps the most interesting, and certainly the most striking of 
these, is a reproduction of a cluster of the edible, brilliantlv colored 

52 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

fruit of the peach palm. In size and appearance this fruit, which 
grows in large grape-like bunches, is more like the apricot than like 
the peach. It is starchy, has a chestnut-like flavor when cooked, 
and is highly esteemed as an article of food where it grows. 

A Rollinia called "biriba," a large edible fruit of the custard- 
apple or cherimoya family, as yet little known outside of the tropics; 
a fruiting branch of Lucuma, "abiu," of the sapodilla family; and 
a branch of Sterculia, "cupuassu," with its large cacao-like fruit, 
have all been reproduced from material and studies on hand, and 
have been added to the exhibits. The cupuassu is common in the 
lower Amazon region where its fruit is esteemed rather for its 
fragrant and delicious pulp than for its seeds which furnish a cacao 
differing little from that of the cacao tree proper. 

A "hand" of the large banana-like plantain and, by way of con- 
trast in size, one of the small-fruited or dwarf bananas, have been 
added to the case containing the banana plant. Other minor addi- 
tions to the plant reproductions in the hall are tubers of the Poly- 
nesian starch plant Tacca; a watermelon-like citron; and the 
chayote, a cucurbitaceous fruit or vegetable of the American tropics, 
now grown successfully in Florida. 

The large and important rose family, which supplies the majority 
of fruits in the temperate zone, such as peaches, plums, cherries, 
and many common berries, has long been rather poorly represented 
in the hall. A recent addition to this exhibit is a splendid reproduc- 
tion of an apple branch. 

An excellent reproduction of a small fruiting branch of the sweet 
gum or liquidambar, of the witch-hazel family, has also been com- 
pleted and installed in its appropriate place among the exhibits. 

A half case of interesting material, mostly dried or woody, has 
been added to the cactus exhibit, together with some remarkable 
photographs of the giant cactus of the southwest, kindly furnished 
by Professor C. J. Chamberlain of the University of Chicago. 

A large number of photographs have been added to the exhibits 
to illustrate various plants and features of plant life which otherwise 
could not be shown. 

A handsome reproduction of a tobacco plant in flower has been 
placed in Hall 25 in conjunction with the economic exhibits of 
tobacco (see Plate VII). 

The most important collection of economic plant material 
installed in Hall 28 during the year is that of essential oils, resinoids, 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 53 

and essences. The series, consisting of seventy-five items, was 
presented by Fritzsche Brothers, Inc., of New York, due to the 
interest of Messrs. B. F. and M. B. Zimmer, their representatives 
in Chicago. Many of the oils were manufactured by Schimmel and 
Company, of Miltitz, near Leipzig, Germany, which also lent a 
number of pictures, and these were copied for display in conjunction 
with the exhibit. With each item there is shown material such as 
leaves, twigs, bark, or wood to indicate the source of the oil. Some 
of these were furnished by Parke, Davis and Company, of Detroit, 
Michigan; Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago; the Garfield Park Con- 
servatory, Chicago; and the United States Department of the 
Interior, Virgin Islands office. 

An interesting exhibit added in 1933 is that of the Para rubber 
tree (Hevea brasiliensis) . The species is represented by two trunks, 
one from a plantation in Sumatra, donated by Van Cleef Brothers 
and Williamson Rubber Process Company, of Chicago, and the other 
from the islands of the lower Amazon, selected and photographed 
by the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the Amazon in 1929, 
and recently forwarded through the courtesy of Mr. Emilio Kauff- 
mann, of Para, Brazil. The specimen from Sumatra shows the 
herringbone method of tapping, generally practised on plantations, 
while that from Brazil shows the antiquated method of making 
incisions in the trunk with a small hatchet, still in use in parts of 
the Amazon forests. The exhibit includes also a reproduction of 
a fruiting branch of the rubber tree, based on material obtained in 
Para by the Marshall Field Expedition of 1929; typical specimens 
of crude Para rubber, showing the form in which it is marketed; 
and implements commonly used for tapping. This installation 
serves as a nucleus for an exhibit of rubber in general, and another 
case showing various other species is in preparation. 

There was also installed in Hall 28 a series of the most important 
vegetable waxes, such as carnauba, bayberry, candelilla and Japan 
wax. The carnauba wax is especially well represented by several 
grades showing the classification generally adopted for commercial 
purposes in the localities of its origin in Brazil. 

To the large photographs displayed in this hall, there were added 
pictures illustrating the sources of important plant products and 
phases of the industries connected with them. These include photo- 
graphs of the tung oil tree of China, the kauri tree of Australia, 
the Chinese lacquer tree, a rubber plantation in Sumatra, a scene 
in a rubber warehouse in Para, oil seeds on an Amazon dock, and 

54 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

a chicle gatherers' camp in Yucatan. For their courtesy in supplying 
pictures from which some of the enlargements were made, the 
Museum is indebted to the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, 
Akron, Ohio; the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University; and 
the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. 

The paper and tobacco exhibits received some further additions. 
To the display of cereal products there was added material given 
by the American Institute of Baking, of Chicago; Mr. N. Emmerson, 
of Chicago; and the International Milling Company, of Minneapolis, 

The most important addition to the foreign woods displayed in 
Hall 27 is a series of mahoganies, obtained from various sources as 
noted under Accessions (List of Accessions, p. 94). One case is 
devoted to American species, represented by boards of Santo 
Domingan, Cuban, Honduran, Mexican, and Peruvian mahoganies 
of the genus Swietenia. In another half case are shown West and 
East African mahoganies of the closely related genus Khaya. The 
exhibit is of unusual interest as it affords opportunity to compare 
the figure and color displayed by the different species. 

Another attractive addition is a group of five panels representing 
important Brazilian timbers, most of them well known in the 
American market, and mentioned as a gift from the Ford Motor 
Company among last year's accessions. 

To the series of North American trees in Charles F. Millspaugh 
Hall (Hall 26) there were added two species from the Pacific coast, 
western red cedar (Thuja plicata) and incense cedar (Ldbocedrus 
decurrens). Other species, still lacking in this hall, are on hand 
and in the course of preparation for exhibition. 


EXPEDITIONS and research 

Collecting for the Department of Geology has been limited to 
work which could be undertaken by members of the Department 
staff without appropriation for expenses from the Museum. The 
most important expedition carried out in this manner was that to 
the Paleocene and lower Eocene formations of Colorado, conducted 
by Mr. Bryan Patterson, Assistant in Paleontology, in continuation 
of work he began last year. The party included, besides Mr. 
Patterson as leader, Messrs. James H. and C. A. Quinn of Ainsworth, 
Nebraska. After establishing a base camp at Mesa, Colorado, the 
























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Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 55 

party worked in the Plateau Creek valley and along the Mesa- 
Debeque road. 

A remarkable discovery, when the scarcity of fossils in these 
early formations is considered, was three intermingled skeletons, 
more or less complete, of the rare and interesting mammal, Titanoides 
faberi. Removal of these occupied the party for most of the summer. 
A small series of lower Eocene fossils was collected during a recon- 
naissance which extended northwards from Mesa as far as Riffle, 
Colorado. The expedition collected forty-seven specimens of fossil 
mammals, two fossil turtles, and a fossil lizard. 

Assistant Curator Sharat K. Roy, accompanied by Mr. Floyd 
Markham, of Chicago, spent several weeks in September collecting 
invertebrate fossils in New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. 
The expedition was primarily for the purpose of strengthening the 
Museum's Cambrian collections, and it obtained much choice 
material. Collecting was not confined to the Cambrian, however — 
the 615 specimens gathered ranged in age from Cambrian to Creta- 
ceous, and included seven fossil fish as well as all classes of inverte- 
brates. On two week-end trips to Blue Island, Illinois, Mr. Roy 
and Mr. Markham obtained twenty-three Silurian fossils. 

Writing for publication has been carried on by Mr. Elmer S. 
Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology, and by Mr. Patterson, 
as opportunity offered. A preliminary description of the newly 
discovered South American marsupial sabertooth, Thylacosmilus 
atrox, a fossil of unusual interest, appeared as a Museum publication, 
and a memoir on the same fossil was read by Mr. Riggs before the 
American Philosophical Society and submitted to that society for 
publication. Mr. Patterson contributed to the American Journal of 
Science a short paper describing a new species of Paleocene amblypod, 
Titanoides faberi, and a more complete description of it was published 
in the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 

Investigation and description were actively continued of various 
portions of the collections made by the Marshall Field Paleontological 
Expeditions to South America, conducted from 1922 to 1927. The 
monograph on the Cerro Cuadrado petrified forest of Patagonia, 
based on collections made by these expeditions, which was sub- 
mitted to the Museum by Dr. G. R. Wieland of Yale University 
last year, has been forwarded to the Carnegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, D.C., for publication. 

A description by Assistant Curator Roy of a remarkable new 
trilobite, Dalmanites pratteni, appeared as a Museum publication. 

56 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Two other papers by Mr. Roy, one on a new Phyllocarid, and the 
other on a new Conularia, have been completed and submitted for 

A biographical memoir of the late Dr. Oliver C. Farrington was 
written by Mr. Roy, and read by him at the December meeting of 
the Geological Society of America, and it is to be published by that 
society. Dr. Farrington, who had been Curator of the Department 
since 1894, died in November. A brilliant scholar, noted for his 
knowledge of all branches of geology, and especially renowned as 
one of the foremost authorities on meteorites and on gems and 
gem minerals, his death meant a great loss to the Museum and to 
the scientific world. His passing was felt with especial keenness by 
his associates in the Department of Geology, among whom he was 
held in truly affectionate regard, as well as the highest respect as a 
scientist of great erudition and a museum worker of outstanding skill. 

Work on Mr. Roy's monograph on the paleontology of south- 
eastern Baffmland has progressed normally. During the year it 
reached the stage where a comparative study of two earlier collec- 
tions made by Charles Hall and the Seventh Peary Expedition was 
necessary. These collections are deposited in the American Museum 
of Natural History, New York, and in the United States National 
Museum, Washington, D.C. Mr. Roy visited each of these institu- 
tions for several days, making these comparisons. 

The reported discovery of living bacteria in stony meteorites by 
Professor Charles B. Lipman, of the University of California, 
Berkeley, California, has aroused much interest and controversy in 
geological and biological circles, as this discovery, if confirmed, 
would point to a possible extra-terrestrial origin for the life of the 
earth. The discovery needs confirmation, and no more favorable 
place could be found than this Museum for the work necessary to 
this end. The Museum has the largest of all meteorite collections, 
and much research on meteorites has been done here. Also, the 
resources of the bacteriological laboratory of the University of 
Chicago and the cooperation of the bacteriologists there, are available. 
Mr. Roy has begun and nearly completed this work, using for this 
purpose four meteorites from the Museum collection, and the 
equipment of the university's bacteriological laboratory. The 
interest and cooperation of Dr. Noel Hudson of the university, and 
his assistant, Mr. Floyd Markham, have been invaluable. Mr. 
Roy has closely followed Professor Lipman's procedure so that the 
results of the two investigations may be comparable. 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. X, Plate IX 

(Hall 34) 

Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition, 1926 



IB ! 

»- »» 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 57 

In the chemical laboratory of the Museum the numerous tests 
and analyses needed for identification of specimens were carried on 
as usual. An investigation of the nature of the corrosion of one 
surface of the Gladstone meteorite was made preparatory to its 
exhibition. A quantitative analysis of a chert was made, for publica- 
tion, by Acting Curator Henry W. Nichols and Assistant Curator 
Roy. Ten analyses and identifications requiring chemical work 
were made for the Department of Anthropology, and for the same 
Department a bronze was treated by the Fink process. An investiga- 
tion of a de-greasing problem was made for the Department of 
Zoology by Acting Curator Nichols and a member of the Zoological 
Staff. The facilities of the laboratory were used by a member of 
the Botanical Staff for the determination of the specific gravities 
of various woods. Some tests needed for the maintenance of the 
building were also made. 

Mr. Nichols participated in the organization meeting of the 
Society for Research on Meteorites which was held at the Museum. 
This meeting took place several months before the death of Curator 
Oliver C. Farrington, who was elected Honorary President of 
the organization. Mr. Nichols was elected a councilor. 

Members of the Department Staff contributed fourteen signed 
articles, and twenty-two unsigned articles and short items, to Field 
Museum News, and supplied data for twenty newspaper articles. 
Visiting scientists and members of museum staffs were received in 
the Department in unusually large numbers. Among the distin- 
guished foreign visitors were Sir Arthur Smith Woodward and Mr. 
W. Campbell Smith, of the British Museum; Sir John Flett, of 
the Geological Survey of Great Britain; Dr. Victor van Straelen, 
Director of the Royal Museum of Natural History at Brussels; 
Dr. H. A. Brouer, of the University of Amsterdam; Professor 
Richard Willstatter, of Munich; M. Leon Bultingaire, of the 
Museum of Natural History of Paris, and Dr. A. W. Grabau of 
the National University of Peiping, China. These, as well as 
numerous visitors from American museums, were shown through the 
Department workrooms, and methods of installation and prepara- 
tion used at this institution were discussed with them. 

Requests from correspondents and visitors for information and 
identification of specimens were received in even larger numbers 
than usual. Many visitors to A Century of Progress exposition 
brought specimens from home to the Museum for identification. 

58 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

There were 307 correspondents and 441 visitors referred to the 
Department for these and similar services. 


Accessions were received during the year from sixty-four sources. 
Of these, fifty-six were by gift, seven by exchange, one by purchase, 
and three were collections made by members of the Department 
Staff. The specimens included in these accessions totaled 1,421. 

The most important gift of the year was a collection of fifty-five 
cut gems brought from the island of Ceylon and presented to the 
Museum by Prince M. U. M. Salie, Ceylonese gem merchant. The 
collection includes examples of all the more important precious stones 
found in Ceylon, and embraces every color through the entire 
spectrum from red to violet, with colorless varieties as well. Out- 
standing in beauty and interest are the sapphires, star sapphires, 
rubies, a star ruby, aquamarines, moonstones, and an oriental 
amethyst sapphire. The collection is an important addition to the 
gem collection in H. N. Higinbotham Hall (Hall 31). 

Mr. Stephen Varni, of New York, presented a series of specimens 
illustrating the several stages of cutting a "varnistar" from rock 
crystal. These stages are, in a general way, the same as those of 
cutting any faceted gem, but as the star is large, the stages can be 
better seen than if an ordinary gem were used. As the star is brighter 
than the crystal from which it is cut, the series has been provided 
with a label explaining in detail why the brilliancy and fire of a 
gem is increased by proper cutting. 

A cabinet of eight tubes containing rare gases of the atmosphere 
was the gift of the Air Reduction Sales Company of Chicago. The 
gases shown are exceedingly rare elements — argon, neon, helium, 
krypton, and xenon — which are found in the atmosphere only in the 
most minute quantities. These gases are transparent and invisible in 
their ordinary state, but can be made to glow brilliantly in charac- 
teristic colors when excited by an electric current applied under 
suitable conditions. In order to permit the gases to be seen they 
are placed under reduced pressure in tubes which have electrodes 
for application of an exciting current. The cabinet has been provided 
with a push button and transformer. When the button is pressed 
each tube glows with its characteristic color. These tubes also 
illustrate the phenomenon of fluorescence. Some of the gases are 
shown in two tubes, one of plain glass and the other of a glass in which 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 59 

is incorporated a fluorescent substance, so that the glow of the gas 
excites a brilliantly colored fluorescence in the glass. 

The Standard Oil Company (Indiana) presented seventy-four 
specimens and sixty photographs which present a synopsis of the 
multitudinous uses of the products of petroleum. This synoptic 
collection now occupies a large case placed in a prominent position 
in the central aisle of Hall 36. 

The mining industry of Poland is now well represented in the 
collections as the result of a gift of sixty-one ores and minerals of 
that country presented by the Polish Institute for Collaboration 
with Foreign Countries, of Warsaw. 

Although the basic plan of A Century of Progress exposition is 
such as to preclude the possibility of obtaining from it such large 
accretions to the collections of the Department as came from earlier 
world's fairs, two accessions of importance have been secured from 
this source. One is the gem collection presented by Prince M. U. M. 
Salie, which has been mentioned above. Another is a gift of twenty- 
seven specimens of ores of Washington presented by the Northwest 
Mining Association of Spokane, Washington. This represents late 
aspects of mining in that region, and is important enough to compel 
a thorough revision of the exhibit of the mineral resources of that 
state. A number of other collections which were especially desired 
were secured through the efforts of the Acting Curator, but due to 
the continuance of the exposition in 1934 they could not be delivered 

A nine-inch cubic crystal of fluorite growing out of a mass of the 
mineral, which was presented by the Crystal Fluorspar Company, 
of Elizabethtown, Illinois, forms a welcome addition to the small 
group of exceptional minerals displayed in individual cases in Hall 34. 

Mr. William B. Pitts, of Sunnyvale, California, presented a small 
collection of agate and opal of more than usual merit. Specimens of 
the rare native lead from two hitherto unrecorded localities were 
presented by Mr. Frank Von Drasek, of Cicero, Illinois, and Mr. 
Robert R. Lipman, of Chicago. Mr. James Manning, of Chicago, 
contributed an example of placer gold ore from the vicinity of Nome, 
Alaska, which was unlike specimens already exhibited. The Chisos 
Mining Company, of Terlingua, Texas, contributed fifteen examples 
of the mercury ores of that district, which had hitherto been inade- 
quately represented in the collections. 

Mr. Darsie A. Green, of Norman, Oklahoma, presented two 
geodes of an unusual kind not hitherto represented in the collections. 

60 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

The Houston Museum of Natural History, of Houston, Texas, pre- 
sented an attractive specimen of pink calcite. A specimen of urano- 
phane and four other minerals from the pegmatite deposits of North 
Carolina were presented by Mr. Burnham S. Colburn, of Biltmore, 
North Carolina. Three specimens of two newly discovered species 
of fossils, one a crustacean, and the other a pteropod, were collected 
and presented by Mr. Floyd Markham, of Chicago. They are now 
being named and described by Assistant Curator Roy. A specimen 
of the rare rock, rhombenporphyry, which is seldom found elsewhere 
than in Norway was collected at Oslo by Mr. Johan Eriksen of that 
city and presented to the Museum. 

Mr. Fritz Ackermann, of Bahia, Brazil, presented two phantom 
quartz crystals of unusual excellence. Mr. A. C. Jones, of Cicero, 
Illinois, contributed four choice specimens of wulfenite and cerussite. 
Mr. Herbert C. Walther, of Chicago, besides adding a specimen 
of molybdenum to the rare element collection to which he has so 
liberally contributed in the past, contributed to the mineral collection 
specimens of ulexite, trona, and halite. Three sylvites from New 
Mexico, which were needed additions to the collection of potash 
minerals from American localities, were presented by Mr. 0. J. 
Dowling, of Carlsbad, New Mexico. A specimen of diaspore, con- 
tributed by the A. P. Green Fire Brick Company, of Mexico, Mis- 
souri, is an example of a mineral which has become of economic 
importance in recent years. An interesting specimen, presented by 
Mr. Frederick Blaschke, of Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York, 
consists of gravel mixed with grains of placer gold which had been 
picked up by a duck and found in the bird's crop. 

The principal accretions to the invertebrate fossil collections 
were the 615 specimens from Assistant Curator Roy's expedition to 
New Jersey and adjacent states. The full value of this collection 
cannot be determined until it is worked out, a task which will take 
some time. 

Three fossils from Blue Island, Illinois, represent two new species 
and are of such interest that descriptions of them have been prepared 
for publication. 

The fifty-one specimens from Assistant Patterson's expedition 
to Colorado are more valuable than the number would indicate. The 
three Titanoides skeletons provide material for a mount of this large 
and rare mammal. Researches by members of the Department Staff, 
based upon these specimens, which are more complete than any 
before known, have increased knowledge of the nature and relations 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 61 

of this hitherto almost unknown animal. The lower jaws of a shovel- 
tusked mastodon from Mongolia were received from the Fourth 
Asiatic Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, 
in which Field Museum cooperated. Mr. James H. Quinn, of 
Ainsworth, Nebraska, presented eighteen specimens of fossil mam- 
mals and one fossil reptile. Other citizens of Ainsworth who con- 
tributed are Mr. Leslie K. Quinn, who presented a partial skeleton 
of a fossil rodent, and Mr. Fred E. Herre, who gave the jaw of a 
fossil mammal. Another mammal jaw was contributed by Mr. 
Vergil Deardorff, of Silt, Colorado. 

The skeleton of a Plesippus was obtained by exchange with the 
United States National Museum, Washington, D.C., to supplement 
the growing series of fossil horses. Fifteen barites and four tufas 
were obtained by exchange with Mr. F. G. Mcintosh, of Beverly 
Hills, California. Three specimens of French bauxite, obtained by 
exchange with the Salgues Foundation of Brignoles, France, permit 
a better presentation of the important French aluminum ores. 

One hundred twenty-nine fossil plants, including four fossil 
cones, were obtained through an exchange of duplicates with Dr. 
Ralph W. Chaney, of the University of California, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia, and etched sections of two meteorites were received by 
exchange from the United States National Museum, Washington, 
D. C. 

Eighteen specimens of meteorites and crater products from the 
recently discovered meteorite craters of Henbury, Australia, have 
been received by exchange with the Kyancutta Museum of South 
Australia, and constitute the most important addition to the meteor- 
ite collection since the acquisition of the Ward collection many 
years ago. The specimens of the meteorite are accompanied by other 
specimens which show the effects of the terrific heat generated by 
the impact with the earth of thousands of tons of iron moving at 
high velocity. Some of the specimens are fragments torn from the 
iron meteorite while in a plastic state at the moment of impact. 
Others are rock fused to lava and thrown out of the craters, and 
silica-glass formed from melted sandstone. 


New entries recorded in the Department catalogues, now com- 
prising twenty-six volumes, totaled 1,421 during 1933. These, 
added to previous entries, give a total of 191,820. 

62 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Preparation of copy for new labels, and for replacing labels on 
black cards with buff-colored ones, was carried on continuously 
during the year. A total of 1,215 labels was written and sent to 
the Division of Printing. In order to afford information regarding 
the exhibits until the permanent labels are ready, eighty-nine 
temporary typewritten labels were written and installed. A total 
of 644 labels was received during the year from the Division of 

The number of photographic prints added to the Department 
albums was eighteen, bringing the total of such prints to 7,498. 
Labels for all prints were prepared and filed with them. Ninety- 
five new United States Geological Survey maps were received, 
filed, and labeled, making the number of these maps now available 


The exhibits of the Department were disturbed as little as possible 
by changes of installation during the period of A Century of Progress 
exposition because of the influx of visitors to the Museum at that 
time. Only two changes involving moving or emptying cases were 
made, and other work of installation was limited as far as was 
practicable to the opening and closing months of the year when 
the fair was not in progress. 

The collection of fifty-five Ceylonese gems presented during the 
year by Prince M. U. M. Salie, as mentioned under Accessions (p. 58), 
was installed in H. N. Higinbotham Hall (Hall 31), the stones being 
distributed among the collections in their proper places according 
to their relation to other gems previously exhibited. This new 
material greatly augments the value and interest of the collections 
in this hall as a whole. 

In Hall 34 three cases, made in the Department workrooms, 
have been added to the new series of small cases for the prominent 
display of large, choice minerals which was started by the installa- 
tion of a single case last year. These cases, which are twenty inches 
square and forty-six inches high, are glazed on all four sides and 
conform in style with the other cases in the hall. They are placed 
against the A-shaped cases of the alcoves facing the aisle so as to 
provide a prominent position for the fine specimens they contain. 
A series of twelve such cases is contemplated. The others will be 
installed from time to time as suitable material becomes available. 
The cases installed this year contain a large mass of lapis lazuli 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 63 

from Peru, two tall selenite columnar crystals from Chile (see 
Plate IX), and a fluorite crystal from Illinois. 

Where it has been necessary to install two or more rows of 
specimens on a wide shelf the view of the rear row is more or less 
obscured by the specimens in front. To overcome this to a degree 
a combined block and label holder has been designed which raises 
the specimen with its label so that it can be seen. The specimens 
thus raised also serve to break up the rather monotonous flat surface 
of the back of the case. In many cases the view of small crystals 
is obscured by the accompanying label unless the label is placed 
to one side of the specimen, which is undesirable. A small supporting 
block entirely concealed by the label has been devised to obviate 
this difficulty. Five hundred and sixty-two blocks of both of these 
types have been made in the Department and installed in ten cases. 

Eighteen specimens of meteorites, and the products of their 
impact on the earth, from the recently discovered meteorite craters 
of Henbury, Australia, have been installed in Hall 34 directly opposite 
the large collection of meteorites from the earlier known and larger 
meteorite crater at Canyon Diablo, Arizona. This makes the third 
of the world's five generally recognized craters to be represented 
in the collections. In addition to the Henbury specimens two other 
meteorites have been added to the collection. 

A group of five specimens showing the process of cutting a 
crystal star from rock crystal has been added to the collection of 
forms of gems and cut stones in the same hall. As this collection 
demonstrates the increase of brilliancy imparted to gems by skillful 
cutting it has been provided with a label which explains, in detail, 
the reasons for the increase of fire and brilliancy. 

The former exhibit of rare gases of the atmosphere has been 
withdrawn and replaced by a larger and more efficient collection 
installed in a different location. The new exhibit consists of five 
rare gaseous elements from the atmosphere in tubes so arranged 
that they glow under the passage of an electric current when a 
button is pressed. It has been installed on the bridge connecting 
Hall 36 and Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37). 

In Hall 36 the collections have been increased by the addition 
of such specimens as have been received during the year. The 
collection of liquid products of petroleum which occupied a large 
case in the center aisle of the hall has been discarded and replaced 
by an improved collection presented by the Standard Oil Company 
(Indiana). The new collection is installed on a pyramid in a large 

64 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

square case with exhibition faces on all four sides. Each specimen 
is accompanied by a photograph which shows one of its principal 
uses. As there are thousands of petroleum products it has not been 
possible to illustrate the subject in detail, but a synoptic collection 
of seventy specimens has been assembled which shows the great 
diversity of the products and their uses, and includes many uses 
unsuspected by the average visitor. 

The principal change in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37) is 
the replacement of 518 of the old-style black labels by labels of the 
new type which match the background of the cases. Two of 
the large gypsum crystals from South America have been removed 
and reinstalled in an individual case in Hall 34 as an addition to 
the mineral collection. Additions of specimens received during the 
year have been made to the collections in seven cases. An example 
of potash minerals from a mine in the newly discovered field in 
Texas and New Mexico now supplements the former specimens from 
this field which were obtained from drill holes. A better specimen 
of the French bauxite has replaced an unsatisfactory one. The 
collection of rare elements has been increased by additional gifts 
from Mr. Herbert C. Walther, of Chicago. Several fluorites of 
Illinois have been added to the fluorite collection, and specimens 
have been added to the gold, copper, and nickel collections. 

In Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) a highly interesting and 
educational group called "Fossil Skeleton in the Earth" (see Plate 
VIII), prepared by Mr. Phil C. Orr, of the Department Staff, was 
installed. The specimen is one of the giant sloths, Scelidotherium 
bravardi, from the pampas formation of Argentina, and was collected 
by the Marshall Field Paleontological Expedition of 1927. It is 
mounted in the position in which it was found in a sandy clay bed 
a few feet below the surface. It had been exposed by a small wash 
which had cut away its banks at high water. A section of the 
terrane is shown in the background, clumps of pampas grass are 
used as accessories, and a glimpse of the landscape is shown by a 
painted background by Mr. Charles A. Corwin, Staff Artist. This 
group serves well to show how animals are covered over in an alluvial 
formation, how they are preserved for long periods as fossils, and 
how they are again brought to light by stream erosion. 

Fifteen smaller vertebrate fossils were also installed, as were 
two descriptive labels, forty-one short labels, and a photograph. 

The introduction of new exhibits has led to some changes and 
regrouping. The two old models of Plesiosaurus and Ichthyosaurus 




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Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 65 

have been removed from exhibition. In order to make room for the 
new group, the skeleton of the Irish deer and the model of the 
moa have been moved from their former places in the north end of 
the hall to new positions nearer the center. This has improved the 
balance of the exhibits. 

In the laboratories of vertebrate paleontology preparation of 
specimens has been continued throughout the year by Mr. J. B. 
Abbott and Mr. Orr of the Staff. Mr. J. H. Quinn, a skilled preparator, 
served three months as a volunteer worker. Work in this laboratory 
included, besides the major task of preparing and mounting the group 
"Fossil Skeleton in the Earth," the preparation of a number of other 
fossil mammal specimens. South American fossil mammals prepared 
and in process are two skulls of Ancylocoelus, one skull of Rhyn- 
chippus, two of Thoatherium, three skulls and two jaws of Equus 
andium and the carapace of the large glyptodont, Panochthus. 
Another foreign fossil mammal specimen prepared and mounted is 
a pair of jaws of the strange shovel-tusked mastodon of Mongolia, 
Platybelodon. North American fossil mammals prepared include a 
skull and jaws of the rare horned gopher, Epigaulua hatcheri, and 
three skulls and various skeletal parts of the rare and hitherto little- 
known Paleocene mammal, Titanoides faberi. 

In the laboratory of invertebrate paleontology five sections of 
fossils were made, and fifty-one fossils were prepared. Mr. Lawrence 
Brundell, a student volunteer assistant, worked for two months on 
the fossils of the Chicago area, performing satisfactory work. 

The reserve and study collections of economic geology material, 
which were originally labeled and arranged in systematic order in 
trays in Room 120, have for some years been outgrowing the space 
assigned to them. These collections have been completely reorganized 
and rearranged. They are now classified geographically and by kinds 
in trays in such shape that any wanted specimens can be readily 
found. The utility of the rearrangement has been demonstrated 
several times during the year when visitors to A Century of Progress 
came to the Department for the purpose of studying groups of 
specimens for which room has not been found in the exhibition cases. 

A much needed specific gravity balance for the chemical labora- 
tory was built by Department labor and is in regular use. Distilled 
water has been provided by this laboratory as needed for the James 
Simpson Theatre, and for the Divisions of Photography and 

66 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 


Through the timely assistance of several patrons, it was possible 
to carry out one zoological expedition completely, to get another 
into the field in November ready to begin work and to organize a 
third which is scheduled to start in January, 1934. The first of 
these was the brief but successful Hancock- Wegeforth Expedition to 
Guadalupe Island for Field Museum; the second was the Leon 
Mandel Guatemala Expedition of Field Museum; and the third 
the Straus West African Expedition of Field Museum. 

The expedition to Guadalupe Island, off the west coast of Mexico, 
was conducted during April and May, and was made possible mainly 
through the cooperation of Captain G. Allan Hancock, of San 
Francisco, and Dr. Harry M. Wegeforth, President of the Zoological 
Society of San Diego. Essential assistance was received also from 
the Emily Crane Chadbourne Fund, and from the Mexican govern- 
ment, which courteously supplied the necessary permission to make 
collections in its territory. Dr. Wegeforth kindly made preliminary 
arrangements, and the Museum sent Messrs. Julius Friesser and 
Frank Wonder, of its taxidermy staff, to Los Angeles, where they 
were received by Captain Hancock and taken to the island on his 
scientific cruising ship Velero III. The object of the expedition 
was to secure elephant seals for a habitat group, and in less 
than two weeks' time this was done. Five fine specimens were 
obtained, ranging in weight from a small one of 250 pounds to a 
large bull of some 5,000 pounds. The skins and bones reached the 
Museum in excellent condition, and preparations for the production 
of the group were rapidly advanced. 

The generous support given by Mr. Leon Mandel, of Chicago, 
made possible the organization of the expedition to Guatemala, 
with a personnel and equipment adequate for work in various 
branches of zoology during a period of five or six months. Assistant 
Curator Karl P. Schmidt is leader of the party, and his major 
efforts are being devoted to certain special studies in Central Ameri- 
can herpetology. Other members of the party are Mr. Emmet R. 
Blake, of Pittsburgh, ornithologist; Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt, of 
Madison, Wisconsin, mammalogist; and Mr. Daniel Clark, of 
Chicago, general assistant. The expedition sailed from New Orleans 
November 22, landing at Puerto Barrios a few days later and 
beginning work at once in tropical rain forests near the coast. One 
of the immediate results was the securing of material for a habitat 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 67 

group of a handsome species of toucan, a bird characteristic of the 
American tropics and well suited to the needs of the projected hall 
of habitat groups of foreign birds. Specimens, accessories, photo- 
graphs, and notes for this group, complete in all respects, were 
brought together and shipped to the Museum within a few weeks. 
Meanwhile, general collecting was reported as successful, and late 
in December Mr. Mandel sailed to join the expedition and spend 
several weeks with it in the highlands of central and western Guate- 
mala. The herpetological studies of Mr. Schmidt during the course 
of this expedition are provided for under a fellowship granted to 
him by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation of New 
York. The expedition has had the cordial cooperation of the United 
Fruit Company and the government of Guatemala, which the 
Museum gratefully acknowledges. 

The Straus West African Expedition, generously financed by 
Mrs. Oscar Straus of New York, was organized in December, and 
at the close of the year was in final stages of preparation. Under 
the leadership of Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, Assistant Curator of Birds, 
this expedition expects to sail from New York about January 25, 
1934, for the port of Dakar, Senegal. Besides Mr. Boulton, and 
Mrs. Straus herself, who is to accompany the expedition over a 
considerable part of its route, the personnel will include Mr. Frank 
C. Wonder of Field Museum's taxidermy staff, who has been assigned 
to collect mammals; Mr. John F. Jennings, of Chicago, who will 
go as photographer; and Mrs. Rudyerd Boulton, who will accompany 
the expedition under a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New 
York to study and record primitive tribal music. 

Work will be carried on in French West Africa, Nigeria and 
Angola (Portuguese West Africa). Since the natural history of this 
region is practically unrepresented in Field Museum, results of much 
value to the institution are expected. 

During the year arrangements were made for the Museum to 
participate, to a limited extent, in the Antarctic Expedition of 
Admiral Richard E. Byrd, who accepted a commission to obtain 
specimens of the emperor penguin for a habitat group. 

Seven publications were issued in the Museum's Zoological Series. 
These consisted of descriptions of recently discovered animals or 
brief accounts of current research. Included are two papers by Dr. 
Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator of the Department, on South American 
rodents; two by Assistant Curator Karl P. Schmidt on Central 
American reptiles; one by the same author on a new Arabian snake; 

68 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

one by Assistant Curator Colin C. Sanborn on South American 
bats; and one by Assistant Curator Alfred C. Weed on the fishes 
known as halfbeaks. Twenty signed articles by staff members and 
thirteen unsigned articles and short items were contributed to Field 
Museum News. Data were supplied for twenty-six newspaper 

Unpublished zoological manuscripts have accumulated and now 
include those for Parts VII and VIII of the Birds of the Americas, 
by Associate Curator C. E. Hellmayr; The Fishes of the Crane 
Pacific Expedition, by Dr. A. W. Herre, of Stanford University; 
The Mammals of Chile, by Curator Osgood; African Reptiles and 
Amphibians in Field Museum, by Mr. Arthur Loveridge, Associate 
Curator of Herpetology in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts; The Turtles of the Chicago Area, by 
Assistant Curator Schmidt; and Types of Lepidoptera in the Strecker 
Collection, by the late William Barnes and Mr. F. H. Benjamin, 
of the United States National Museum, Washington, D.C. 

Research on material from past expeditions was continued so 
far as possible, but while much of this material is still being prepared, 
catalogued, and incorporated into the collections, time for research 
is limited. Moreover, the staff's time for research during 1933 v/as 
reduced by the necessity of supplying information or otherwise 
giving personal attention to the unusual number of visiting scientists 
attending conventions in Chicago, as well as to the many amateur 
naturalists who presented themselves among the unusually large 
attendance during A Century of Progress exposition. Associate 
Curator Hellmayr, working in Vienna, completed work on Part 
VIII of the Birds of the Americas and proceeded with the preparation 
of Part IX. Curator Osgood continued studies of South American 
mammals, especially those from Chile; Assistant Curator Sanborn 
gave some time to neotropical bats and the literature pertaining to 
them; Assistant Curator Boulton worked at intervals on certain 
African finches, flycatchers, and guinea fowl; Assistant Curator 
Schmidt studied Central American reptiles, especially in their relation 
to the data gathered during his recent examination of types in 
European museums; Assistant Curator Weed made some progress 
in the preparation of a report on the fishes of Aitutaki Island, col- 
lected by the Philip M. Chancellor Expedition to the South Pacific; 
and Assistant Dwight Davis prepared and made preliminary examina- 
tion of the skeleton of the West African giant frog, a rare species 
not hitherto studied in detail. 

2 c 











^nr or fauns 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 69 

accessions — zoology 

From an average of about 14,000 for the previous eight years, 
accessions of zoological specimens dropped, in 1933, to 5,147, and 
of these more than one-fourth were obtained through expeditions 
which terminated prior to 1933. They are distributed by zoological 
groups as follows: mammals, 332; birds, 512; amphibians and reptiles, 
888; fishes, 1,452; insects, 1,953; lower invertebrates, 10. The number 
obtained by Museum expeditions and local field work is 1,434; by 
gift, 3,106; by purchase, 5; and by exchange, 602. The gifts come 
from a large number of donors, and reflect especially the continued 
interest and cooperation of local naturalists. 

Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, from whom the Museum 
has previously received much valuable material, presented an 
interesting collection obtained by Captain F. Kingdon Ward and 
Lord Cranbrook in northwestern Burma. This comprised 133 mam- 
mals and seventy birds. Among the mammals are various species 
previously unrepresented in the Museum, and among the birds are 
paratypes of three new forms. A pair of Kuzer's blood pheasant 
in this collection also is notable. Twenty-two small mammals from 
the provinces of Kweichow and Kwangsi, China, were presented 
by the Metropolitan Museum of Natural History, of Nanking, China. 
Other gifts of mammals are recorded in the List of Accessions (p. 94). 

Mr. and Mrs. John P. Kellogg, of Chicago, gave 117 African 
birdskins collected by themselves in Kenya and Tanganyika. In- 
cluded are specimens from the little-visited Ngorongoro Crater, 
which are especially interesting. Other accessions of birds were 
largely from local sources, and a considerable number were received 
in fresh condition for preparation as skeletons. 

The Walker Museum, of the University of Chicago, presented 
twenty-six amphibians and reptiles from the Galapagos Islands, 
supplementing the valuable series from the same islands given in 
1932. Mr. P. M. Miles, of St. Louis, Missouri, generously gave a 
skeleton of the large Komodo Island lizard, an acquisition which 
will greatly facilitate a study of this interesting animal. A further 
much appreciated gift of amphibians and reptiles consists of 158 
specimens from Chile, received from Mr. Dillman S. Bullock, of 
Angol, Chile. 

The John G. Shedd Aquarium has continued its cooperation with 
Field Museum by presenting many specimens of fishes from its 
expeditions and its surplus. A total of 257 fishes, many of them 

70 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

extremely interesting, were received from this source. Among them 
were at least ten species new to the Museum and others of much 
value for its reference collection. Mr. Stewart Springer, director 
of the Caribbean Biological Laboratories, Biloxi, Mississippi, pre- 
sented forty-five fishes from the Gulf of Mexico, and through his 
recommendation another lot of 105 specimens from the same region 
was received from Mr. John Daily, of Indianapolis, Indiana. Dr. 
E. Milby Burton, director of the Charleston Museum, Charleston, 
South Carolina, has sent three lots of pickerel collected by himself 
in that state as gifts from the Charleston Museum. These have 
an important bearing on studies which are under way on the distri- 
bution and classification of the smaller pickerels of North America. 
Gifts of brook trout from Mr. Phil G. Zalsman, of Grayling, Michigan, 
have provided material for exhibits to show the color changes in 
this species. 

The most noteworthy gift of insects was a series of 402 specimens 
from Mindanao, Philippine Islands, collected and presented by 
Mr. L. H. Phillips, of Patterson, California. This was of especial 
interest since it contained a number of attractive and unusually 
large species hitherto quite unrepresented in the Museum. A further 
desirable gift of insects consisting of 260 specimens, mainly beetles, 
was received from Mr. Emil Liljeblad, of Chicago. Mr. Edward 
Brundage, Jr., of Lake Forest, Illinois, gave 231 insects of various 
orders found in the United States. 


Catalogue entries were made for 7,033 zoological specimens. Of 
these 1,747 were mammals, 1,594 birds, 1,110 reptiles and amphibians, 
and 2,582 fishes. Labels for 3,000 skins of mammals were written 
and attached. A total of 479 skulls also received numbers and labels. 
Rearrangement and relabeling of mammals in alcohol was begun, 
and details connected with the incorporation into the permanent 
collections of recent large accessions of mammals were carried on 
at a high rate. The arrangement of the reference collection of birds 
received much attention, and various segregated collections were 
organized so as to be at least temporarily accessible. The types of 
birds, numbering 289, were segregated from the general collection 
and placed in a special case. The J. Grafton Parker collection of 
North American birds, which had suffered from exposure to dust 
before being presented to the Museum several years ago, was 
thoroughly cleaned and renovated by Mr. Donald Hirsch, who 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 71 

acted as volunteer assistant in the Division of Birds during the 
summer months. 

Plans were perfected for the increase of storage space for the 
reference collections of mammals and birds by combining the storage 
rooms into one, with only an open aisle between the rows of cabinets 
containing the collections. Removal of walls and remodeling for 
this purpose were actively under way in December. This will result 
in improved light and accessibility, as well as an increase of space 
amounting to nearly 80 per cent. Sixteen steel storage cases for these 
collections were received early in the year, and in December delivery 
of twenty-four additional ones was in progress. The usual routine 
was continued in caring for collections of reptiles, amphibians, and 
fishes. Of the 1,699 insects prepared for incorporation in the collec- 
tion, 1,297 were pinned and labeled. Name labels were written for 
368 specimens rearranged in new drawers. In continuation of 
the permanent improvement of the collection, nine drawers of North 
American beetles, including aquatic species and carrion feeders, 
were identified and arranged in new containers. 

In the Division of Osteology much progress was made in arranging 
and systematizing the collections. Card indexes were completed 
for all skeletons of mammals and birds, and so far as possible the 
material was classified and arranged in systematic order. A survey 
of the collection of mammal skeletons, now possible for the first 
time, reveals that eighty-six families, 279 genera, and 360 species 
are represented by the 536 specimens in the collection. Twelve 
skeletons of large mammals were cleaned by maceration in the 
macerating room. About one hundred skeletons of small birds and 
mammals were cleaned by dermestids in the same room. Miscel- 
laneous skulls of mammals, numbering about 400, were also cleaned. 
Seven skeletons were mounted, and various others were cleaned 
and adapted for exhibition use. 

As in former years, considerable assistance was received from 
volunteer workers and students, especially during the summer 
months. Mr. Donald Hirsch and Miss Jacolyn Fox assisted in the 
Division of Birds, Mr. Walter Necker in the Division of Reptiles, 
and Mr. Robert Allen in the Division of Mammals. 

Routine work of the Department was greatly advanced through 
the assistance received in the latter part of the year from workers 
assigned to the Museum by the Illinois Emergency Relief 
Commission and the federal Civil Works Service. These men and 
women performed such work as cataloguing and numbering of 

72 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

mammal, bird and fish specimens, indexing, cleaning of skulls, and 
various copying tasks on the typewriter. 

Cooperation with other museums through the exchange of loans 
was carried on at a somewhat higher rate than usual. A total of 
2,272 specimens was loaned to other institutions during the year, 
and 1,699 were borrowed. 


The preparation and installation of new zoological exhibits were 
continued at scarcely less than the highly productive rate of recent 
years. Four large habitat groups of mammals were completed and 
opened to the public. The subjects were the African lion, the 
gaur or seladang, the manatee, and the orang. A group of bower 
birds was prepared and placed in Stanley Field Hall. Two cases 
of mammals were added to systematic exhibits in Hall 15, and six 
screens of birds, equivalent to three full cases, were added in Hall 21. 
Large numbers of fishes and certain reptiles were prepared, but 
most of these were awaiting installation at the close of the year. 

The lion group (see Plate XI), occupying a prominent position 
in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22), is one of the results of 
the trip which Mr. and Mrs. Marshall Field made by air to central 
Africa in 1930. It includes a large male lion shot by Mr. Field, an 
equally fine lioness shot by Mrs. Field, and four small kittens. The 
male stands at attention on a commanding and rocky eminence, 
the female, with her kittens gathered between her paws, lies peace- 
fully below. The rocky setting faithfully represents the well-known 
habitat of lions in the Serengetti Plains of Tanganyika. The group 
is impressive, characteristic of the animals, and notable for the 
effective simplicity of its composition. It was designed and prepared 
by Staff Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht. 

The great gaur ox of Asia, otherwise known as the seladang, 
is represented by three animals grouped in a forest setting in 
William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17). This species, which is perhaps 
the finest of all wild oxen, is richly colored and striking in appearance. 
A large bull is shown emerging from thick forest into a grassy opening 
where a cow and calf stand at ease in calm, bovine unconcern. 
Specimens for this group are all from Indo-China, but were received 
from three sources. The large bull fell to the rifle of Colonel Theodore 
Roosevelt while leader of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedi- 
tion to Eastern Asia for Field Museum in 1928-29. The cow was 
presented by the late Charles Rydell, of Superior, Wisconsin, and 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 73 

the young calf was especially collected and presented for the group 
by Messrs. George F. Ryan and George G. Carey, Jr., of Baltimore. 
The taxidermy is by Messrs. Julius Friesser and Arthur G. Rueckert 
of the Museum staff. The background was painted by Staff Artist 
Charles A. Corwin. 

A group of orangs (see Plate X), to some extent a reinstallation, 
but in actual effect practically a new exhibit, was also given a place 
in William V. Kelley Hall. The animals for this group were mounted 
many years ago by the late Carl E. Akeley, but their installation 
in a square floor case was unsuitable for the Museum's present 
building. Therefore, the group was completely rearranged and 
adapted to a new setting in a built-in case with a painted background. 
This required the construction of an entire tree-top scene in a tropical 
forest which was very successfully carried out by Staff Taxidermist 
Leon L. Pray. 

A group of the Florida manatee or sea cow provided an 
important addition to the Hall of Marine Mammals (Hall N). 
Specimens for this purpose were obtained in fresh, natural condition 
through the cooperation of the John G. Shedd Aquarium. Two 
animals are shown in an under-water setting, one in semi-upright 
and the other in horizontal position. Both are engaged in feeding 
on water plants. The animals are reproduced in celluloid-like 
material in which details of skin texture and exact shades of color 
are perfectly preserved. The group was produced by Staff Taxi- 
dermist Leon L. Walters, assisted by Mr. E. G. Laybourne. The 
background was painted by Mr. Pray. 

In the systematic exhibits of mammals in Hall 15, variations 
and additions were made. A case of dogs and wolves was reinstalled 
to include most of the important species of the family Canidae except 
the foxes. Another case was completed, displaying the interesting 
order of edentate mammals, the sloths, anteaters, aardvark, arma- 
dillos, and pangolins. Due to the many valuable accessions from 
recent expeditions, it was possible to prepare a practically complete 
series of these animals. The rather difficult taxidermy is mainly by 
Taxidermist Rueckert assisted by Mr. Frank C. Wonder. A further 
notable addition in Hall 15 was a single orang installed in its appro- 
priate place among the other manlike apes. This was prepared by 
Taxidermist Walters, who used the so-called "celluloid" method. 
It is the first large hairy mammal to be treated in this way and 
is exceedingly successful. The reproduction was cast from a fresh 
specimen, and by a somewhat intricate process the skin was replaced 

74 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

in all naturalness by the celluloid-like composition in which the hair 
is embedded exactly as it was in the original skin. 

To the exhibit of horned and hoofed mammals in George 
M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13) there was added a huge and 
excellent specimen of American bison bull. The animal, which 
weighed about 2,300 pounds when alive, had belonged to the herd 
on the American Ranch at Twodot, Montana, and was presented 
to the Museum by Colonel Wallis Huidekoper, owner of the ranch. 
The specimen was mounted by Taxidermist Friesser. 

A small habitat group of the fawn-breasted bower bird of New 
Guinea was prepared by Assistant Taxidermist John W. Moyer and 
installed in Stanley Field Hall. The birds are shown occupied in 
their extraordinary courtship display, with the "bower" and com- 
plete accessories, which were carefully collected for the purpose by 
the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum (1928-29). 
Five screens of North American birds were prepared by Staff Taxi- 
dermist Ashley Hine and installed in the systematic series in Hall 21. 
One of these is devoted to herons, ibises, and storks; two others 
(reinstallations) show rails and shore-birds; and two show small 
passerine birds, including flycatchers, swallows, jays, creepers, wrens, 
mockingbirds, and allies. For the foreign series a screen showing 
the birds of paradise and their relatives was prepared by Mr. Moyer. 

Interesting and beautiful celluloid models of two species of angler- 
fishes and of the peculiar sargassum fish were produced by Taxi- 
dermist Rueckert, and placed on exhibition in Albert W. Harris 
Hall (Hall 18). The specimens used were presented by the John 
G. Shedd Aquarium which also provided facilities for observing the 
colors and actions of the species in life. Further fishes in large 
numbers were completed by Taxidermist Pray, but installation 
was delayed for the coming year. These are mainly very bright- 
colored tropical fishes collected by the Crane Pacific Expedition 
and the Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the 
Bahamas (1929). 

Important installations and reinstallations of skeleton exhibits 
were made in Hall 19, devoted to osteology, by Assistant Curator 
Edmond N. Gueret and his assistant, Mr. D. D wight Davis. 


At the end of the year the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension had 1,200 traveling exhibition cases of 
natural history and economic subjects available for loaning to 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 75 

Chicago's 333 public schools and forty-one branch schools, with 
an enrollment of 492,670 children. To these schools bi-weekly- 
distribution of two cases each was maintained throughout the 
scholastic year and, in addition, the University High School of the 
University of Chicago, thirty-seven parochial and private schools, 
seven branches of the Y.M.C.A., nine branches of the Chicago 
Public Library, two Boys' Union League Clubs, and four social 
settlements were given the same scheduled service. To deliver and 
collect the 868 cases loaned to these 434 various schools and other 
institutions, it was necessary for the Museum's two trucks to travel 
a distance of 9,947 miles. 

During the year requests from several organizations were received 
and granted for the loan of cases. Twelve cases were shown at 
a session of the annual convention of the American Association of 
Museums, which was held in the Museum's small lecture hall. 
Eighteen cases of insects, birds, and wild flowers were loaned to 
A Century of Progress exposition, where they were exhibited in 
the Hall of Science. At the request of the superintendent of the 
United Charities of Chicago, twelve cases were sent to Camp 
Algonquin. Eighteen cases of birds and reproductions of wild flowers 
were placed on display in the book section of Marshall Field and 
Company, and fifteen cases were shown in a special booth at the 
International Live Stock Show in the Union Stock Yards. 

Eight cases, all duplicates, were permanently withdrawn from 
circulation. Twenty-five new cases were installed, and sixteen others 
are in process of construction. Two of the new cases prepared by 
Department Taxidermist A. J. Franzen contain an instructive display 
of cellulose-acetate reproductions of seven species of salamanders 
found near Chicago. 

The activities of the members of the Department Staff were to 
a great degree devoted to the repairing of 209 cases. The fact that 
many of them have been in constant use for a score of years renders 
it necessary to give a great amount of attention to their maintenance. 
Forty-three cases were completely reinstalled, some with curved 
tinted photographic backgrounds and new accessories. This work 
consumed as much time as the preparation of new cases. The time- 
curled wax leaves of more than one hundred older exhibits were 
restored to their original shape by a method devised in the Depart- 
ment. This method was also used in giving to celluloid leaves and 
flower parts their natural curve and form. 

76 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

The black labels of 916 cases were replaced with standardized 
buff labels, and copy was written or revised for 207 subjects. The 
work of reinforcing the corners of case label frames was completed. 
To facilitate the delivery of the cases to the schools, all damaged 
cases are now returned to the laboratories of the Department for 
necessary repairs. All the cases were inspected, cleaned, and polished 
during the year. 

Hundreds of letters were received from principals, teachers, 
students, and others, expressing their appreciation of the service 
rendered by the Department. 




The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation has 
again provided lectures and entertainments for children at the 
Museum and in the schools. While the work in the schools has 
continued as in the past, the financial situation has greatly curtailed 
the number of school groups visiting the Museum for the purpose 
of classwork in the exhibition halls. 

entertainments for children 

Two series of entertainments were offered, one in the spring and 
the other in the autumn. Both were presented on Saturday mornings 
in the James Simpson Theatre. The programs given were: 

Spring Course 

February 25 — Elephants at Work and Play; Behind the Weatherman; The Musk- 
rat and the Fox. 

March 4 — A Beaver and His Indian Friend; The Declaration of Independence.* 

March 11 — Fathoms Deep; Queen of the Waves; Cotton — From Seed to Cloth. 

March 18 — The Coyote Family; From Tree to Newspaper. 

March 25 — Porcupines, Bears and Badgers; Buried Sunshine. 

April 1 — The Tortoise and His Cousins; The Frontier Woman.* 

April 8 — The Rhino Meets an Automobile; A Dyak Wedding; A Trip 
through Yellowstone Park. 

April 15 — Among the Elephant Seals; A Trip to Banana Land; The Garden of 
the East; A Borneo Venice. 

April 22 — A Trip to Penguin Land; Peter Stuyvesant.* 

April 29 — From Egg to Butterfly; Flower Friends of Brook and Roadside; 
Wild Wings. 

Autumn Course 
October 7 — Hawaii, the Beautiful; Kilauea, the Volcano; Earthquakes; White- 
tail, the Deer. 
October 14 — Heroes of the Sea; Columbus.* 

♦Gift to the Museum from the late Mr. Chauncey Keep. 







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Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 77 

October 21 — Animals in Motion; Glimpses of Tibetan Life; Strange Tibetan 
Dances; Moose — King of the Forest. 

October 28— Simba. 

November 4 — Hunting Dinosaurs; The Romance of Glass. 

November 11 — The Frog; The Ants' Cow; The Mystery Box; From Dog to 

November 18 — Musk Ox and Polar Bear; The Sky Splitter; Comets and Eclipses. 

November 25 — A Furry Tale; The Puritans.* 

December 2 — Through the Year with Animal Friends: Spring; Summer; Autumn; 


* Gift to the Museum from the late Mr. Chauncey Keep. 

In addition to the two regular courses of entertainments, three 
special programs were offered during February and September as 

February 11 — Lincoln's Birthday Program: My Father; Call to Arms. 

February 22 — Washington's Birthday Program: Gateway to the West; Shrines 
of American History. 

September 30— Program by Indians from the American Indian Villages at 
A Century of Progress. 

Twenty-two programs in all were offered free to the children of 
the city and suburbs during the year. The total attendance at these 
entertainments was 25,950, of which 14,237 came to the spring 
course, 6,296 to the autumn course, and 5,417 to the special programs. 

The following newspapers gave publicity to the programs: 
Chicago Daily News, Chicago Tribune, Chicago Herald and Examiner, 
Chicago Evening American, and Chicago Daily Illustrated Times. 

An expression of appreciation for films loaned for the programs 
is due to the United States Department of Agriculture, the General 
Electric Company, the Department of the Interior of Canada, the 
United Fruit Company, the Films of Commerce Corporation, the 
Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, the Michigan 
Department of Conservation, the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul 
and Pacific Railway Company, the National Museum of Canada, 
and the Atlas Educational Film Company. Acknowledgment is 
due also to the American Indian Villages at A Century of Progress 
exposition for making possible presentation of the program by 
Indians on September 30. 


Two series of Museum Stories for Children were written by 
members of the Raymond Foundation staff. These were published 
and copies were handed to all in attendance at the entertainments. 

78 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

A comparison of the following subjects and the films presented at 
the entertainments will show how they are correlated: 

Series XX — Reynard the Fox; Beavers as Engineers; Crabs; Spruce Trees; The 
American Porcupine; The Secretary Bird; Yellowstone Park; Pollen and 
Nectar Carriers; Penguins; The Flight of Birds. 

Series XXI — Interesting Indian Blankets; The Hawaiian Islands; Why Columbus 
Sailed West; In the Land of the Tibetans; Gnus; Glass, Natural and Arti- 
ficial; The Aphids; Musk-Oxen; Kangaroos; Hibernation. 

A total of 25,000 copies of Museum Stories for Children was 
distributed during the year. 


Classwork in the exhibition halls has been extended to the 
following groups: 

Number Attendance 

of groups 

Tours for children of Chicago schools 

Chicago public schools Ill 4,497 

Chicago parochial schools 13 659 

Chicago private schools 13 202 

Tours for children of suburban schools 

Suburban public schools 92 3,480 

Suburban parochial schools 5 227 

Suburban private schools 10 180 

Tours for special groups from clubs 

and other organizations 40 2,225 

In all, 284 groups were given guide-lecture service and the attend- 
ance was 11,470. 

In the first week of December, the Museum was host to 788 
boys and girls who were in the city as delegates to the Annual 
Congress of 4H Clubs of the United States. The boys lunched in 
the cafeteria, and both groups were given special lectures in the 
halls devoted to animal life, prehistoric plants and animals, and 
the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World. That the visit to the 
Museum was an outstanding feature of the congress has been 
evidenced by the great number of letters received since the boys 
and girls returned to their homes. 


Extension lectures were offered to the schools as in previous 
years. The following subjects were offered to both high schools and 
elementary schools and were presented in classrooms and assemblies: 

For Geography and History Groups 

South America; North American Indians; Glimpses of Chinese Life; Native Life 
in the Philippines; The Romans; The Egyptians; Migisi, the Indian Lad. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 79 

For Science Groups 

Field Museum and Its Work; Prehistoric Life; Insects and Reptiles; Coal and 
Iron; Coffee, Chocolate and Tea; A Trip to Banana Land; Food Fishes of the 
World; Birds of the Chicago Region; Animal Life in the Chicago Region; 
Trees of the Chicago Region; Wild Flowers of the Chicago Region; Animals 
at Home; Our Outdoor Friends. 

The total number of extension lectures given by the staff of 
the Raymond Foundation was 423, and the total attendance was 


At the request of the Chicago Council of Boy Scouts of America, 
two lectures on natural history topics were arranged for scout- 
masters. At each lecture a member of the Raymond Foundation 
staff presented natural history material which would be of assist- 
ance to leaders of scout groups. The subjects offered were: 

May 13 — Wild Flowers and Insects 
May 20 — Birds of the Chicago Area 


Radio broadcasts by the Raymond Foundation staff were given 
in connection with the school radio programs of Station WMAQ as 
long as the series was offered. From January to the end of the spring 
semester, fourteen talks were presented to the lower grades in the 
elementary schools. The talks correlated with the course of nature 
study being used in those grades. 


The Raymond Foundation acquired during the year, for use in 
the Theatre, a number of slides made by the Division of Photography. 

The Raymond Foundation was also the beneficiary of the follow- 
ing acquisitions: eight motion picture reels, Tibetan Dances, presented 
to the Museum by Dr. Wilhelm Filchner, of Berlin, Germany; 
two reels and several hundred feet of extra strips on India, presented 
by Mr. Arthur S. Vernay, of New York; seven reels, Simba, presented 
by The American Museum of Natural History, New York; sixteen 
reels of film and 148 slides of racial types presented by Miss Malvina 
Hoffman, of New York; 150 feet of film on Elephant Seals purchased 
from Mr. W. Charles Swett, of Hollywood, California, and 108 
slides on Kish presented by Mr. Henry Field, of Chicago. 

The film library of Field Museum now contains 164 reels of 
35-millimeter film, 26 reels of 16-millimeter film and 27,700 feet of 
negatives secured by various staff members while on expeditions. 

80 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 


As in previous years, the services of Museum guide-lecturers 
were offered, without charge, to clubs, colleges, conventions and other 
organizations, and to Museum visitors in general. Special tours 
were offered during the months of July and August for the benefit 
of visitors to A Century of Progress exposition. Printed monthly 
tour schedules were placed at the main entrance for the use of 
visitors, and were distributed also through libraries and other civic 
centers of the city and suburbs. During the year, 150 general tours 
and 190 tours covering specific subjects were offered to the public. 
The adult groups which took advantage of these lecture tours 
numbered 337, with a total attendance of 11,340 individuals. Besides 
the regular public tours, special lectures were given to eighty-five 
groups from colleges, clubs and other organizations, and these were 
attended by 2,072 persons. 

The use of the small lecture hall was extended to Chicago Boy 
Scout masters for two lectures, to the Izaak Walton League for 
three meetings, to the Association of American Museums for one 
meeting, to the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science for five meetings, and to the Society for Research on Meteor- 
ites for three meetings. Total attendance at these meetings was 
1,284. Of those who attended, 597 were concerned with children's 
activities, and 687 with adult activities. 

The James Simpson Theatre was used for four meetings of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, attended by 
649 persons, and for the graduating exercises of foreign adults who 
had been studying in the public schools of the city. The attendance 
at the latter was 682. Total attendance 1,331. 


The total number of groups reached through the activities of 
the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public 
School and Children's Lectures was 1,156, and the aggregate attend- 
ance included in these groups numbered 212,179 individuals. 


The Museum's fifty-ninth and sixtieth courses of free lectures 
for the public were given in the James Simpson Theatre on Saturday 
afternoons during the spring and autumn months. They were 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 81 

illustrated by motion pictures and stereopticon slides. Following 
are the programs of both courses: 

Fifty-ninth Free Lecture Course 
March 4 — What I Have Discovered in the Arctic and Antarctic (by Dog Team, 

Airplane and Submarine) . 

Captain Sir Hubert Wilkins, F.R.G.S., New York. 
March 11 — Jungle Trails of the Congo. 

Colonel Charles Wellington Furlong, F.R.G.S., Cohasset, Massa- 
March 18 — Around the Globe in the Camargo. 

Mr. Amos O. Burg, Portland, Oregon. 
March 25 — The Tarahumara Indians — the Cave Dwellers of Northern Mexico. 

Mr. Robert M. Zingg, University of Chicago. 
April 1 — Land o' Peaks and Sky Blue Waters. 

Mr. Fred Payne Clatworthy, Estes Park, Colorado. 
April 8— The Canadian Arctic and Its People. 

Mr. Richard Finnie, F.R.G.S., Ottawa, Canada. 
April 15 — Hunting Whales. 

Mr. Chester Scott Howland, New Bedford, Massachusetts. 
April 22 — The Utah Fairyland of Bryce Canyon National Park. 

Dr. C. O. Schneider, Chicago. 
April 29 — Jungle Gods. 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, New York. 

Sixtieth Free Lecture Course 

October 7 — The Desert Road to Turkistan. 

Mr. Owen Lattimore, Washington, D.C 
October 14 — Jungle Islands of the South Seas. 

Mr. Sidney Shurcliff, Boston, Massachusetts. 
October 21 — Meshie, the Child of a Chimpanzee. 

Mr. Harry C. Raven, American Museum of Natural History, 
New York. 
October 28 — My Life as an Indian Chief. 

Mr. Walter McClintock, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 
November 4 — The Spell of Egypt. 

Mr. H. C. Ostrander, Jersey City, New Jersey. 
November 11 — Republics in the Clouds — Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia. 

Major James C. Sawders, Nutley, New Jersey. 
November 18 — By Way of Cape Horn. 

Mr. Alan J. Villiers, Melbourne, Australia. 
November 25— Amazon Twilight. 

Mr. Earl Hanson, Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C. 

The total attendance at these seventeen lectures was 22,202; 
11,858 for the spring course, and 10,344 for the autumn course. 

A special program for adults, given on May 6, at which The 
Maori as He Was, an official motion picture made under the 
auspices of the Commonwealth of New Zealand, was shown to 585 
persons, brought the total attendance at adult programs to 22,787. 


The total number of groups receiving instruction or other services 
from the Museum during the year was 1,188, including an aggregate 
attendance of 236,984 individuals. These figures include the 1,156 

82 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

groups and 212,179 individuals reached through the activities of 
the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public 
School and Children's Lectures, as well as the 22,787 persons attend- 
ing the seventeen lectures and the special motion picture program 
provided by the Museum for adults, and 2,018 persons attending 
the various meetings of outside organizations to which the use of 
the James Simpson Theatre and the small lecture hall was made 


In common with other libraries, the Museum's Library has 
felt the effects of the general economic depression in two ways. 
Necessarily, purchases of books have been restricted, and the 
periodical list has been cut. On the other hand, the Library's 
service to the public has increased. Many persons out of employment 
have been using their unoccupied time for studies, in which they 
have taken advantage of the facilities offered by libraries in general, 
including the one in the Museum. In some cases such study has 
been undertaken with the objective of being better prepared for their 
work when they resume it; in others, it has been purely cultural study. 

The number of readers in the Library has been increasing each 
year, partly because more people are learning that this Library is 
for the use of the public in general, and partly because the books 
supplement those found in other libraries. During the winter and 
spring many students from universities came to find additional 
material for papers and theses. During the summer some of the 
visitors to A Century of Progress exposition took the opportunity 
to consult books in the Library. The meeting of the American 
Library Association brought to Chicago librarians from all parts 
of the country, and also from abroad, many of whom were interested 
in the Museum Library's work. 

A very important and helpful change was made in the Library 
during the year. For several years past the shelves had been so 
crowded that it was difficult to keep the books even approximately 
in order. Early in 1933 additional space was provided, and stacks 
were erected in it. This made it possible to bring from the ground 
floor many books which had not been on the shelves since the 
Museum moved into the present building. Also, other books which 
had been temporarily in one of the departmental libraries were 
brought back to the general Library and placed on the shelves. This 
gave opportunity for a complete rearrangement of the general 
Library which has added materially to the ease and convenience with 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 83 

which the books are handled. Following this, the books in the 
anthropological library were cleaned and completely rearranged, 
making available much needed additional space. 

During the year cataloguing of the archaeological papers collected 
by Assistant Curator Henry Field, on his archaeological expedi- 
tion to Europe in 1931, has been completed. This collection includes 
much material that will be of increasing value in coming years and 
the cataloguing, involving the writing of some 3,000 cards, adds 
vastly to its usefulness. 

The Library depends for its growth chiefly on its exchanges, and 
in this year, when purchases were so limited, these have been even 
more essential than normally. Because they include so much 
material regarding the work carried on in other institutions they 
are most welcome additions. Several new exchange agreements were 
effected and as a result considerable material of value and usefulness 
has been added to the Library. Some exchanges have also been made 
with members of the Museum staff whereby many useful books have 
been obtained. 

It was found necessary to curtail seriously the number of 
periodicals previously received. This drastic cut, and the lack of 
recent books, has been much felt by members of the scientific staff 
requiring certain reference material in their work. Several staff 
members have assisted in relieving this situation by subscribing to 
some of the periodicals so that there would be no break in the files, 
and also by presenting many books which were needed. 

The Library has been favored by the receipt of other gifts which 
will add to the working value of the collection. A fund of $450 
contributed in 1932 by the American Friends of China, Chicago, 
was used in 1933 for the purchase of books to supplement the 
literature already available on China. The books acquired with 
this money have been carefully selected with a view to their 
usefulness. A special bookplate was made for them so that they 
may always be distinguished as the gift of this society. 

The Library was also enriched by the gift from Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Mrs. Joseph H. King, and Mrs. William E. Pratt, all of Chicago, 
of a copy of Oriental Ceramic Art, illustrated by examples from the 
collection of William Thompson Walters, in Baltimore, Maryland. 
Mr. Walters, who was art commissioner to the Paris Expositions in 
1867 and 1878, and to the Vienna Exposition in 1873, made a remark- 
able collection of French and Chinese art, which was later increased 
by his son. The catalogue of this collection, now presented to the 

84 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Library, is a rare work, published in 1897, and consists of ten beauti- 
fully bound volumes in five portfolios, containing many fine illus- 
trations. The plates, 116 in colors, and more than 400 in black and 
white, show exquisite workmanship. The text was written by S. W. 
Bushell. A limited edition of only 500 copies of this work was 
published, and Field Museum is fortunate in becoming the possessor 
of this set. 

Among other gifts of the year may be mentioned the following: 
Volumes 9 and 10 of Obras completas, presented by Direccion de las 
obras completas de Ameghino, of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Les peintures 
rupestres schematiques de la peninsule iberique, in two volumes, 
received from Abbe Henri Breuil, of Paris; Three Kingdoms of 
Indo-China, relating to the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition 
to Eastern Asia for Field Museum, and given by the authors, Mr. 
Harold Coolidge, of Boston, and Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, of 
New York; L'homme, races et coutumes, as well as Volumes 14, 16, 
and 29 of the Memoirs of the Egypt Exploration Fund, and Volume 

85 of the publications of the Palaeontographical Society, presented 
by Mr. Henry Field, of Chicago; Volume 1 of Natural History of 
Central Asia, and current numbers of The Illustrated London News, 
presented by Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum; and Flora 
Micronesica, received from Mr. Ryozo Kanehira, of Sukuoka, Japan. 

The work of Miss Malvina Hoffman in Chauncey Keep Memorial 
Hall, devoted to the races of mankind, has been outlined elsewhere 
in this Report. In connection with her preparatory travels and 
studies Miss Hoffman necessarily accumulated a number of books 
dealing with physical anthropology. These have now become the 
property of the Library and they are a distinct addition to the 
Library's material on this subject. 

During 1933 there were accessioned 1,950 books and pamphlets. 
To the catalogues there were added 11,175 cards, bringing the total 
number of catalogue cards written to 422,854. From the John Crerar 
Library 6,176 cards were received and filed. 

To the Library's record books, now occupying seventeen volumes, 
there were added 1,950 entries, making the total number of entries 

As in previous years, the Library takes pleasure in acknowledging 
the courtesy of other libraries in lending books that were needed 
in work here. Among those that have thus assisted should be men- 
tioned the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; John Crerar 
Library, Chicago; the University of Chicago; the Museum of Com- 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 85 

parative Zoology of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts; 
the Boston Public Library; the American Museum of Natural 
History, New York; the New York Public Library. 


During the early part of the year the Division of Printing was 
engaged chiefly in the printing of exhibition labels for the 
Departments, the total number being 20,804. Miscellaneous work 
for the year totaled 460,597 impressions. Because of an unusual 
demand for guides, handbooks, leaflets and post cards, the Division, 
during the latter part of the year, devoted most of its time to this 

In the regular Museum publication series eleven new numbers 
were issued, of which one was anthropological, two geological, 
seven zoological, and one the Annual Report of the Director for 1932. 
Of these a total of 13,737 copies was printed. The aggregate number 
of pages of type composition was 576. Two indexes for completed 
volumes, one botanical and one geological, totaling thirty pages of 
composition, were issued. Of these 1,621 copies were produced. 

A new edition of the General Guide to Field Museum's exhibits, 
two new editions of the Handbook of Field Museum, two anthro- 
pological leaflets, two geological leaflets, and a reprint of an 
anthropological leaflet, were issued. These booklets represent a 
total of 474 pages of composition, and production of them was 
32,074 copies. 

Following is a list of the various publications: 

Publication Series 

317.— Anthropological Series, Vol. XXII. The Tanala, a Hill Tribe of Madagascar. 
By Ralph Linton. March 22, 1933. 334 pages, 35 text-figures. Edition 

318. — Report Series, Vol. IX, No. 2. Annual Report of the Director for the 
Year 1932. January, 1933. 142 pages, 9 photogravures. Edition 5,905. 

319. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 1-8. The South American Mice Referred 
to Microryzomys and Thallomyscus. By Wilfred H. Osgood. December 
11, 1933. 8 pages. Edition 800. 

320. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 9-10. A New Snake from Arabia. By 

Karl P. Schmidt. December 11, 1933. 2 pages. Edition 800. 
321. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 11-14. Two New Rodents from Argentina. 

By Wilfred H. Osgood. December 11, 1933. 4 pages. Edition 800. 
322. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 15-22. New Reptiles and Amphibians 

from Honduras. By Karl P. Schmidt. December 11, 1933. 8 pages. 

Edition 800. 

323. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 23-28. Bats of the Genera Anoura and 
Lonchoglossa. By Colin Campbell Sanborn. December 11, 1933. 6 
pages. Edition 800. 

86 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

324. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 29-40. Preliminary Account of the Coral 
Snakes of Central America and Mexico. By Karl P. Schmidt. December 
11, 1933. 12 pages. Edition 800. 

325. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, pages 61-66. Preliminary Description of a New 
Marsupial Sabertooth from the Pliocene of Argentina. By Elmer S. 
Riggs. December 11, 1933. 6 pages, 1 text-figure. Edition 800. 

326. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, pages 41-66. Notes on Fishes of the Family 
Hemirhamphidae. By Alfred C. Weed. December 11, 1933. 26 pages. 
Edition 800. 

327. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, pages 67-82. A New Devonian Trilobite from 
Southern Illinois. By Sharat Kumar Roy. 16 pages, 4 text-figures. 
December 11, 1933. Edition 800. 

Geological Series. Index for Volume IV. December 30, 1933. 14 pages. 
Edition 800. 

Botanical Series. Index for Volume VII. December 29, 1933. 22 pages. 
Edition 810. 

Leaflet Series 
Anthropology, No. 30. — The Races of Mankind. An Introduction to Chauncey 
Keep Memorial Hall. By Henry Field, with a preface by Berthold Laufer 
and an introduction by Sir Arthur Keith. May, 1933. 40 pages, 9 photogravures, 
1 plan of hall. Edition 4,005. 

Anthropology, No. 31. — Prehistoric Man. Hall of the Stone Age of the Old 
World. By Henry Field, with a foreword by Berthold Laufer. July, 1933. 
44 pages, 8 photogravures, 1 map, 1 cover plate. Edition 4,079. 

Anthropology, No. 30. — The Races of Mankind (reprint, see above). August, 

1933. Edition 579. 
Geology, No. 14.— A Forest of the Coal Age. By B. E. Dahlgren. October, 1933. 

40 pages, 2 photogravures, 20 halftones, 4 zinc etchings, 1 cover design. Edition 

Geology, No. 4. — Meteorites (reprint). By Oliver C. Farrington. December, 

1933. 12 pages, 4 photogravures. Edition 2,010. 

Guide Series 

General Guide to Exhibits of Field Museum of Natural History. Sixteenth 

edition. 1933. 40 pages, 3 zinc etchings, 1 photogravure (cover). Edition 11,835. 
Anthropology Guide, Part II. Archaeology of North America. By Paul S. Martin. 

June 15, 1933. 122 pages, 8 photogravures, 10 text-figures, 1 map. Edition 


Handbook Series 
Handbook. General information concerning the Museum, its history, building, 

exhibits, expeditions and activities. Third edition. August, 1933. 68 pages, 

8 halftones. Edition 2,912. 
Handbook (see above). Fourth edition. September, 1933. Edition 3,070. 


The total number of negatives, prints, enlargements of photo- 
graphs, lantern slides, and transparent exhibition labels made by 
the Division of Photography during the year was 8,956. Of these, 
464 photographic prints and ninety lantern slides were for sales on 
orders placed by the public. The balance were for various uses in 
Departments and Divisions of the Museum. 

In the Division of Photogravure there was produced a total of 
521,700 photogravure prints. These were for the illustration 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 87 

of publications and leaflets, for headings of posters and membership 
certificates, and for picture post cards. 

The Museum Illustrator completed 842 orders for the Museum's 
Departments and Divisions. Included among these were 204 pen 
drawings, 29 maps, retouching of 46 photographs, and other mis- 
cellaneous tasks. 


The list of museums, research organizations, scientific societies, 
and individuals with which Field Museum maintains relations for 
the exchange of publications was subjected to careful scrutiny in 
1933 to eliminate, as a measure of economy, a minority which had 
nothing to send in return for the scientific literature received from 
this institution. Notwithstanding these eliminations, the distribu- 
tion of publications to institutions and individuals remaining on the 
list, both in this country and abroad, continued on a generous scale. 
The distribution in the United States and its possessions, and that 
in foreign countries, are practically equal in number. During the 
last year 6,723 copies of scientific publications and 1,044 leaflets 
were sent out on exchange; also, 4,020 copies of the Annual Report 
of the Director for the year 1932 and 1,072 leaflets were sent to 
Members of Field Museum. Sales for the year totaled 627 scientific 
publications, 14,809 leaflets, and 14,030 miscellaneous publications 
and pamphlets. 

Sixteen new exchange arrangements, which it is hoped will prove 
of mutual advantage, were established with domestic and foreign 

The Museum again desires to express its appreciation to the 
Smithsonian Institution at Washington, D.C., for the courteous 
cooperation of its exchange bureau in effecting delivery of publica- 
tions in far-off countries. 

For future distribution and sales, 14,847 copies of the various 
publications issued during 1933 were wrapped in 305 packages and 
were stored. 

Two leaflets published in the summer have proved especially 
interesting to the public, more than 4,100 copies having been sold 
in the last six months of the year. They are The Races of Mankind, 
which was issued in connection with the opening of Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall devoted to the living races of mankind, and Prehistoric 
Man, which was published at the time the Hall of the Stone Age 
of the Old World was opened. 

88 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Other leaflets, especially those relating to evolution, prehistory, 
and ancient civilizations, continued to be "best sellers," both by 
mail and to Museum visitors. Popularity is indicated also for one 
published late in the year, A Forest of the Coal Age, which relates 
to the Museum's three-dimensional restoration of a landscape of 
Carboniferous time. 


The great demand for Museum post cards during A Century 
of Progress exposition made it necessary to install a third card 
stand. Like the two installed in 1929, it is so located and constructed 
as to permit viewing and selecting with ease the cards, leaflets, and 
publications displayed. The total number of post cards sold was 
164,729, an increase of 90,139 over the 1932 sales. 

Two new sets of cards were added to the series issued by the 
Department of Anthropology, one containing thirty-five views of 
bronzes depicting the races of mankind, and the other ten views 
of dioramas of prehistoric man. Many requests have been received 
for both, more than 500 sets of the pictures of the bronzes alone 
(totaling over 16,000 cards) having been sold during the last six 
months of 1933. 

One of the card sets issued by the Department of Geology in 
1929 was revised to include reproductions of all twenty-eight of the 
mural paintings of prehistoric landscapes, plants, and animals, which 
are exhibited in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38). Two sets of 
eighteen cards each were added to the zoological series, and one set 
of twelve cards on botanical subjects was issued. Additions to the 
individual post card assortment include forty-six anthropological 
subjects, twelve botanical, eleven geological, fourteen zoological, 
and three general. 


World-wide publicity, with newspapers and magazines giving 
unusually extensive space to articles and photographs, was received 
by the Museum in 1933 as a result of the opening of Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall devoted to the races of mankind, and the Hall of 
the Stone Age of the Old World. The openings of these halls were 
signalized also by special programs over the radio networks of the 
National Broadcasting Company. The halls were productive of 
much favorable editorial comment as well as news stories. A series 
of editorials by Mr. Arthur Brisbane, widely known journalist, 
appeared in affiliated newspapers from coast to coast. The magazine 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 89 

Fortune, in its October issue, published a notable series of large 
pictures in colors of the groups in the Hall of the Stone Age together 
with an article on the subject. The Illustrated London News gave a 
full page to photographs of the bronzes in Chauncey Keep Hall. 

General publicity about all activities of the Museum having an 
interest to the public was maintained through the institution's 
Division of Public Relations as in preceding years. This has been 
made effective by the splendid cooperation received from news- 
papers, news-distributing agencies, magazines and other media of 
publicity. Those located in Chicago, naturally, have given the most 
attention to the Museum, but the press of the nation, and of foreign 
countries, has likewise manifested an intense interest in news of the 
more important activities of the institution. In addition to 
publishing several hundred articles and news items sent out from 
the Museum, some of them accompanied by photographs, editors 
have assigned members of their staffs to obtain special articles and 
series of pictures concerning the Museum. 

The monthly bulletin, Field Museum Neivs, completed its fourth 
year of publication. It has been distributed to all Members of 
the Museum promptly at the beginning of each month, and has also 
been sent as an exchange to various scientific institutions, and to 
a number of newspapers and magazines which have frequently 
reprinted or quoted parts of its contents. In publishing the News 
constant endeavor has been made to include in each issue articles 
and pictures which would be of interest to Members both at the 
time of receipt, and for preservation in reference files. Indication 
that this has been accomplished is seen in the many requests received 
for back numbers. 

As in past years various organizations have placed at the disposal 
of the Museum, without charge, the facilities of their advertising 
media, and it is fitting here to express appreciation of these favors. 
Posters announcing the Field Museum lecture courses were again 
displayed in the spring and autumn at the city and suburban stations 
of the Illinois Central and the Chicago and North Western Railways. 
Libraries, schools, department stores, hotels, clubs, and other 
establishments likewise displayed these posters. Folders descriptive 
of the Museum were distributed by local and interurban transporta- 
tion companies of the Chicago region as well as by railroads through- 
out the country. 

At the invitation of Radio Station WGN of the Chicago Tribune 
a series of talks by members of the Museum staff was begun, this 

90 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

series to continue into 1934. Other radio stations also contributed 
to the publicity opportunities of the Museum. 

In line with the Museum's general economy program it became 
necessary early in the year to discontinue purchase of press clipping 
service. However, the Consolidated Press Clipping Bureaus of 
Chicago, which for years had furnished the service, very generously 
made an offer, which was accepted, to supply service on a more 
limited scale without charge. 

The number of persons on the Museum's membership lists again 
shows a decline. This was to be expected, in view of the protracted 
economic depression, and duplicates the experience of most similar 
institutions during these times. It is gratifying to be able to report, 
however, that the decrease in memberships in 1933 was considerably 
less than the losses which occurred in 1931 and 1932. In 1931 
there was a decrease of 702 Members; in 1932 the loss was 819; 
and, against these figures, the loss in 1933 was only 320. New 
Members have been enrolled in place of many who resigned. 

The institution has continued to enjoy the loyal support of by 
far the greater proportion of its Members, and to them is extended 
an expression of appreciation. To those who have been forced 
to resign due to economic circumstances, appreciation is expressed 
for their past assistance to the institution, and it is hoped that 
improved conditions will soon make it possible for them to resume 
their association with the Museum. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the rolls 
in each of the Museum's membership classifications at the end of 1933. 

Benefactors 18 

Honorary Members 18 

Patrons 31 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 107 

Corporate Members 45 

Life Members 313 

Non-Resident Life Members 8 

Associate Members 2,395 

Non-Resident Associate Members 4 

Sustaining Members 49 

Annual Members 1,204 

Total Memberships 4,199 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1933 will be 
found elsewhere in this Report. 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 91 


A very accurate count was kept of the number of persons served 
in the cafeteria, and the total shown at the end of the year was 
165,907. This was an increase of 101,773 compared with the number 
served in 1932, and is attributable to the Museum's record attendance 
of more than 3,000,000 visitors. 

In addition approximately 45,000 were served with refreshments 
in the special children's room operated in connection with the 
cafeteria, making the total number served in both rooms more 
than 210,000. 

Eight tables and thirty chairs were added to the cafeteria equip- 
ment, and additional steel shelving and an extension of the dish- 
washing table were provided in the kitchen. 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, names of Members, et cetera. 

Stephen C. Simms, Director 

92 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 


FOR YEARS 1932 AND 1933 

1933 1932 

Total attendance 3,269,390 1,824,202 

Paid attendance 212,298 82,607 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 21,901 18,548 

Schoolchildren 90,151 86,496 

Teachers 2,295 2,121 

Members 1,817 1,560 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 895,487 (52) 325,164 

Saturdays (52) 949,543 (53) 546,811 

Sundays (53) 1,095,898 (52) 760,895 

Highest attendance (Aug. 24) 65,966 (Sept. 4) 36,629 

Lowest attendance (Feb. 7) 22 (Dec. 16) 101 

Highest paid attendance (Sept. 4) 6,363 (July 4) 3,179 

Average daily admissions (365 days) 8,957 (366 days) 4,984 

Average paid admissions (208 days) 1,020 (209 days) 395 

Number of guides sold 8,918 4,512 

Number of articles checked 64,322 10,755 

Number of picture post cards sold 164,729 74,590 

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, 

portfolios, and photographs $6,306.23 $3,326.51 

Jan. 1934 Annual Report of the Director 93 


FOR YEARS 1932 AND 1933 

1933 1932 

Income from Endowment Fund $183,042.24 $188,870.86 

Income from funds held under 

annuity agreements 39,134.46 40,242.55 

Income from Life Membership 

Fund 13,346.10 13,616.33 

Income from Associate Member- 
ship Fund 12,753.90 13,973.49 

South Park Commissioners 125,802.68 112,926.45 

Annual and Sustaining Member- 
ships 9,859.00 11,395.00 

Admissions 53,074.50 20,651.75 

Sundry receipts 21,171.41 15,933.63 

Contributions, general purposes 15,991.47 114,000.00 

Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 145,746.92 108,678.74 

Special funds: Part expended 
this year for purposes cre- 
ated (included per contra) . . 16,396.09 31,526.21 

$636,318.77 $671,815.01 
Less: Reserve for contrac- 
tual liabilities 76,155.39 


Collections $175,767.04 $127,385.69 

Expeditions 7,973.96 10,181.43 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 12,894.68 4,655.42 

Plant reproduction * 5,096.46 

Pensions, group insurance 16,136.76 16,479.04 

Research fellowship 500.00 

Departmental expenses 38,847.64 54,898.96 

General operating expenses. 295,342.04 302,080.25 
Annuities on contingent gifts 37,138.20 38,822.26 
Added to principal of an- 
nuity endowments 1,996.26 1,420.29 

Interest on loans 6,049.73 7,465.38 

Paid on bank loans 51,100.00 28,700.00 

$643,246.31 " ' $597,685.18 

Remaining excess of expenditures over in- 
come and receipts $ 6,927.54 $ 2,025.56 

Contribution 2,025.56 

Notes payable January 1 $156,100.00 $184,800.00 

Paid on account 51,100.00 28,700.00 

Balance payable December 31 $105,000.00 $156,100.00 



1933 1932 

Income from Endowment $17,803.58 $20,439.36 

Operating expenses 17,700.60 17,401.68 

Balance, December 31 $ 102.98 $ 3,037.68 

♦Included in Collections 

94 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 



Ayer, Edward E., Estate of, Chi- 
cago: 9 blankets: 7 Navaho, 1 Mexican, 

1 African — Navaho, United States; 
Mexico; and Kabyle, Berber stock, 
Algeria (gift). 

Becker, William, Chicago: 1 clay 
tobacco-pipe — Bali, Cameroon (gift). 

Bliss, Wyllys K., Chicago: 1 small 
loom — Navaho; 1 glazed pottery jar — 
Santa Clara Indians, New Mexico (gift) . 

Boulton, Mrs. Laura C, Chicago: 
3 musical instruments, 8 baskets, 2 
gourds, 2 axes, 1 mask, 2 ceremonial 
staffs, 1 ladle, 1 knife and sheath, 1 lot 
of keys for marimba of Ovimbundu and 
Vachokue, 2 shields — Angola and Nyasa- 
land (gift). 

Chalmers, William J., Chicago: 

2 baskets of Hopi and Apache — Arizona 

Chan, George M., Chicago: 1 yel- 
low-glazed porcelain vase, 1 stone 
image — China (gift). 

Chancellor, Philip M., Santa Bar- 
bara, California: 5 shell necklaces, 15 
pieces of pottery, 4 baskets, 2 bows, 
1 quiver, 3 arrows, 10 musical instru- 
ments, 1 dance belt, 3 headdresses, 2 
masks, 1 stool, 1 tobacco-pouch, 1 
feather ornament — Yaqui tribe, Mexico 

Crane, Mrs. Richard T., Jr., Chi- 
cago: 1 pre-Columbian gold beaker — 
Highland Indians, Peru (gift). 

Dempster, Mrs. Charles W., Chi- 
cago: 1 blue and white porcelain plate, 
1 Kaga porcelain ewer, 1 teapot made 
from a gourd — Japan (gift). 

Devine, Herbert J., New York: 
1 clay figurine of rhinoceros of Han 
period — China (gift). 

Exner, Professor Franz F., North- 
field, Minnesota: 3 bows, 12 arrows, 
1 paddle, 8 pottery vessels — Aparai 
Indians, Amazon Basin, Brazil (gift). 

Field, Henry, Chicago: 25 painted 
pottery sherds, 1 glass vessel — Niliat, 
Iraq; 22 objects: Arab household equip- 
ment and saddle-bag, Beduin camel 
bags, 3 small rugs, Druze coffee bag, 
measure, pestle and mortar — Kish, 

Iraq, and Qasr Azraq, Transjordania; 
21 chert projectile points resembling 
Folsom type — Illinois and Indiana 

Field, Marshall, New York: 29 
sculptures of racial types (full-length 
figures, busts and heads) — various parts 
of the world (gift). 

Field, Mrs. Stanley, Chicago: 25 
sculptures of racial types (full-length 
figures, busts and heads) — various parts 
of the world (gift). 

Field Museum of NaturalHistory: 
Collected by Paul S. Martin (leader, 
Archaeological Expedition to the South- 
west): 25 pottery vessels, 1,700 pot- 
sherds, 2 stone axes, 1 ceremonial celt, 
5 stone pendants, 10 bone implements, 
1 antler head-dress, 20 butts of roof 
beams, 1 human skeleton, 1 lot of 
animal bones — Lowry Ruin, Ackmen, 

Taken by Miss Malvina Hoffman 
(Expedition to Asia): 16 motion picture 
reels — -Asia. 

Transferred from Department of Geol- 
ogy: 1 bolas with two stone balls — 

Filchner, Dr. Wilhelm, Berlin- 
Wilmersdorf, Germany: 8 reels of motion 
picture films of Tibetan religious dances 
and pantomimes — Tibet (gift). 

Guest, Dr. L. O., Tampa, Florida: 
9 small pottery sherds — Seminole camp, 
near Tampa Bay, Florida (gift). 

Halvorsen, E. E., Coalinga, Cali- 
fornia: 1 stone mortar— Yokuts, Martan 
Creek, Fresno County, California (gift). 

Hill, Professor W. C. O., Colombo, 
Ceylon: 1 negocoll cast of the face of a 
Vedda— Ceylon (gift). 

Hoffman, Miss Malvina, New 
York: 1 limestone sculpture of a Chinese 
head — Shanghai, China (gift). 

Izzeddin, Miss Nejla, Chicago: 18 
pieces of silver and other jewelry of 
Druze women, 1 pottery lamp — 
Lebanon, Syria (gift). 

Keep, Chauncey, Estate of, Chi- 
cago: 22 sculptures of racial types (full- 
length figures, busts and heads) — vari- 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


ous parts of the world; 50 colored 
transparencies representing various ra- 
cial types (bequest). 

Lane, Mrs. Wills B., Savannah, 
Georgia: 1 embroidered costume of 
Quiche Indian (4 pieces) — Chichicas- 
tenango, Guatemala (gift). 

Laufer, Berthold, Chicago: 1 lac- 
quered arm-rest of K'ien-lung period 
(1736-95)— China (gift). 

Longenecker, Claud M., Warsaw, 
Indiana: 2 prehistoric stone axes and 
50 projectile points — Kosciusko County, 
Indiana (gift). 

McArthur, F. F., Oakland, Iowa: 
10 specimens of Southwest painted 
pottery — southwestern Colorado and 
southeastern Utah (exchange). 

Mann, Ludovic M., Glasgow, Scot- 
land: about 24 specimens of animal 
remains, bone and stone implements 
of the Azilian period — Island of Oransay, 
Scotland (exchange); 1 Azilian polish- 
ing tool, 2 fragments of lignite armlets, 
1 flint scraper — Scotland (gift). 

Moore, H. G., Peoria, Illinois: 5 
native musical instruments — Africa; Je- 
rusalem; Turkey (gift). 

Moore, Mrs. William K., New 
York: 16 metal mirrors, 1 set of bronze 
plaques for chariot, 2 pairs of bronze 
ornaments for horse harness, 1 cast- 
iron frcg — Huai River Valley, Anhui 
Province, China (gift). 

Moorehead, Warren K., Andover, 
Massachusetts: 12 objects of ochre and 
stone implements — Red Paint Culture, 
Maine (exchange). 

Musee d'Ethnographie, Paris, 
France: 1 musical instrument, 1 lock — 
Bambara; 1 wax doll — Kasonke; 1 
painted stone — Dogo Pinari, Sudan, 
French West Africa (exchange). 

National Museum, Copenhagen, 
Denmark: 31 stone implements of the 
neolithic period — neolithic, Maglemo- 

sean, and Campignian, Jutland, Sea- 
land and Isle of Lolland, Denmark 

Oriental Library, Tokyo, Japan: 
Photostat reproduction of painting by 
Shizuya Fujikake depicting the Mongol 
invasions of Japan in 1274 and 1281 — 
Japan (gift). 

Plummer, Miss Lucy D., Chicago: 
13 specimens of glazed and painted 
pottery — Chama Indians, eastern Peru 

Pohelski, Jerome, Chicago : 1 grooved 
stone ax — Chicago (gift). 

Sargent, Homer E., Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia: 13 rugs, blankets, and garment — 
Algeria and Tripoli, North Africa; 1 
serape — Mexico (gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago: 3 pre- 
Columbian clay heads — Taiwan, Ara- 
wak stock, Santo Domingo (gift). 

Schweppe, Mrs. Charles H., Chi- 
cago: bronze group, "Unity of Man- 
kind," of three statues of heroic size; 
and stone head of Rajput woman, stone 
bust of Chinese woman, black marble 
head of Abyssinian woman — Jaipur, 
northwest India; China; Abyssinia (gift). 

Simpson, Mr. and Mrs. William H., 
Chicago: 1 silk embroidery, 1 painting 
in colors on silk — China; 2 painted 
pottery jars — New Mexico (gift). 

Taber, George H., Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania: 1 incense box of reticulated 
porcelain — China (gift). 

Townsend, F. C, Stratford-on-Avon, 
England: lot of fragmentary animal 
bones — gravel pits near Stratford-on- 
Avon, England (gift). 

Tulane University, Department 
of Middle American Research, New 
Orleans, Louisiana: 48 clay figurines, 
3 pottery vessels, 1 stone celt — 
Tampico, Mexico (exchange). 

Walker, James F., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 1 prehistoric rubbing stone — 
Indiana (gift). 


Aellen, Dr. Paul, Basel, Switzer- 
land: 8 specimens of plants (exchange). 

Alfaro, Professor Anastasio, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 12 specimens of mosses 

American Institute of Baking, 
Chicago: 4 samples of flour (gift). 

Anderson, Dr. Edgar, Jamaica 
Plain, Massachusetts: 1 plant specimen 


Field Musfum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Andrews, A. H., Ester o, Florida: 1 
specimen of twigs of Cajeput tree (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 1,187 specimens of 
plants (exchange); 5 photographs (gift). 

Arnold, Dr. B. G., Bradenton, 
Florida: 1 specimen of a cultivated plant 

Bailey, Dr. Liberty Hyde, Ithaca, 
New York: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Bakke, Professor A. H., Ames, 
Iowa: 4 specimens of plants (gift). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 225 
specimens of plants, 1 photographic 
plate (gift). 

Bishop Museum, Bernice Pauahi, 
Honolulu, Hawaii: 154 specimens of 
Hawaiian plants, 2 samples of taro 

Blake, Dr. Sidney F., Washington, 
D.C.: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Booth, Lawrence M., Balboa Island, 
California: 6 specimens of plants (gift). 

Broadway, W. E., Port-of-Spain, 
Trinidad: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brook- 
lyn, New York: 1 specimen of a culti- 
vated plant (exchange). 

Burkart, Arturo, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 36 specimens of plants from 
Argentina (gift). 

Cabrera, Professor Angel, La 
Plata, Argentina: 100 specimens of 
plants from Argentina (exchange). 

Calderon, Dr. Salvador, San Sal- 
vador, Salvador: 8 specimens of plants 
from Salvador (gift). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 287 her- 
barium specimens (exchange). 

Capt, Miss Lucille, Belton, Texas: 
7 specimens of plants from Texas (gift). 

Cardenas, Professor Martin, 
Potosi, Bolivia: 76 specimens of plants 
from Bolivia (gift). 

Carnegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, Desert Laboratory, Tucson, 
Arizona: 185 specimens of plants from 
Arizona and Mexico (gift). 

Carvalho, Professor Ruben de 
Souza, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 20 photo- 
graphs (gift). 

Chamberlain, Professor Charles 
J., Chicago: 7 specimens of cycads (gift). 

Clare, Sister Mary, Brookland, 
D.C.: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Companhia Ford Industrial do 
Brasil, Para, Brazil: 213 herbarium 
specimens, 131 wood specimens, 8 
plants (gift). 

Conservatoire Botanique, Geneva, 
Switzerland: 2,400 specimens of plants 

Cornell, Miss Margaret M., Chi- 
cago: 2 specimens of ferns (gift). 

Cornell University, Department 
of Botany, Ithaca, New York: 274 
specimens of plants from New York 

Craftsman Wood Service Com- 
pany, Inc., Chicago: 2 samples of 
woods (gift). 

Crane and Company, Inc., Dalton, 
Massachusetts: 16 samples of paper 
and paper-making materials (gift). 

Cufodontis, Dr. Giorgio, Vienna, 
Austria: 6 specimens of plants (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 210 
specimens of plants from Brazil, 2 
economic specimens (gift). 

Deam, Charles C, Bluffton, In- 
diana: 94 specimens of plants from 
Indiana (gift). 

Dichter, Mike, Elburn, Illinois: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Direccion General de Agricul- 
tura, Guatemala City, Guatemala: 6 
specimens of plants from Guatemala 


Durham, O. C, North Chicago, Illi- 
nois: 11 specimens of plants (gift). 

Elias, Rev. Bro., Barranquilla, 
Colombia: 182 specimens of plants 
from Colombia (gift). 

Emmerson, N., Chicago: 2 samples 
of bread (gift). 

Fairbanks, Thomas N., Company, 
New York: specimens of bamboo paper 

Fawcett, Professor Howard S., 
Riverside, California: 12 specimens of 
plants (gift). 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Field Museum of Natural History : 

Collected by Floyd T. Smith (Mar- 
shall Field Zoological Expedition to 
China): 2 herbarium specimens. 

Rockefeller Foundation Fund for 
Photographing Type Specimens: 4,536 
negatives of type specimens of European 
herbaria, 3,756 photographic prints of 
type specimens. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 969 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 732 plant specimens from 
Peru, collected by G. Klug. 

Firestone Tire and Rubber Com- 
pany, Akron, Ohio: 6 sample sheets 
of rubber, 4 photographs (gift). 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
82 specimens of plants (gift). 

Flores, Dr. Roman S., Progreso, 
Mexico: 28 specimens of plants (gift). 

Fritzsche Brothers, Inc., New 
York: 75 samples of essential oils (gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, Chi- 
cago: 5 herbarium specimens, 1 trunk 
of palm (gift). 

Garrett, Professor A. O., Salt 
Lake City, Utah: 79 specimens of plants 
from Utah (gift). 

Gray Herbarium of Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
796 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

Haynie, Miss Nellie V., Oak Park, 
Illinois: 1 specimen of moss (gift). 

Hoehne, Dr. F. C, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 2 specimens of plants (gift). 

Hofmann-Olsen, T., Inc., New 
Orleans, Louisiana: 2 boards of Cuban 
mahogany (gift). 

Hood, Professor J. D., Rochester, 
New York: 13 specimens of plants from 
Barro Colorado Island (gift). 

Houston Museum of Natural 
History, Houston, Texas: 71 specimens 
of plants from Texas (gift). 

Hungarian National Museum, 
Budapest, Hungary: 200 specimens of 
plants from Hungary (exchange). 

International Milling Company, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota: 1 chart, 2 
economic specimens (gift). 

Johnson, S. C, and Son, Ltd., 
Racine, Wisconsin: 4 samples of oils 

Kauffmann, Emilio, Para, Brazil: 
1 trunk of rubber tree (gift). 

Kern, Professor Frank D., State 
College, Pennsylvania: 2 plant speci- 
mens (gift). 

Laboratorio de Botanica, Minis- 
ters de Agricultura, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 52 specimens of plants from 
Argentina (gift). 

Laboratorio del Ministerio de 
Agricultura, San Salvador, Salvador: 
25 specimens of plants from Salvador 

La Follett, C. M., Salem, Oregon: 
4 samples of nuts (gift). 

Lankester, C. H., Cartago, Costa 
Rica: 6 specimens of plants, 1 photo- 
graph (gift). 

Lawrance, Alexander E., Bogota, 
Colombia: 652 specimens of plants 
from Colombia (gift). 

Lundell, Cyrus L., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 60 specimens of plants from 
Guatemala (gift). 

Macbride, J. Francis, Geneva, 
Switzerland: 1 economic specimen (gift). 

McKesson-Fuller-Morrison Com- 
pany, Chicago: 1 map (gift). 

McLaurin-Jones Company, Brook- 
field, Massachusetts: 5 samples of paper 

Marie-Victorin, Bro., Montreal, 
Canada: 320 specimens of plants from 
Canada (exchange). 

Mengel Company, The, Louisville, 
Kentucky: 1 board of Honduras ma- 
hogany (gift). 

Mexia, Mrs. Ynes, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 292 specimens of plants from 
Brazil (gift). 

Milwaukee Public Museum, Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin: 4 photographs 

Ministerio de Agricultura, Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 1 plant specimen 

98 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Missouri: 17 specimens of lichens 

Monticelli, Dr. Juan V., Buenos 
Aires, Argentina: 2 specimens of plants 

Moore, H. G., Peoria, Illinois: 3 
samples of soap (gift). 

Moore, Robert, Bradenton, Florida: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Mueller, C. H., Cuero, Texas: 474 
specimens of plants from Texas and 
Mexico (gift). 

Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 60 specimens of plants from 
Brazil (exchange). 

Museo Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 436 specimens of plants from 
Costa Rica (gift). 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Vi- 
enna, Austria: 9 specimens of plants 
from Costa Rica (exchange). 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Botaniska Apdelning, Stockholm, 
Sweden: 460 herbarium specimens (ex- 

New York Botanical Garden, 
Bronx Park, New York: 104 herbarium 
specimens, 1,594 photographs of type 
specimens of plants (exchange). 

Ortega, Jesus G., Mazatlan, Mexico: 
190 specimens of plants from Mexico 

Osterhout, George E., Windsor, 
Colorado: 16 specimens of plants (gift). 

Palm Oil Company, Plainfield, New 
Jersey: 14 samples of palm nuts and 
oils, 3 photographs (gift). 

Parke, Davis and Company, De- 
troit, Michigan: 1 economic specimen 

Park, Richmond and Company, 
Chicago: 1 mahogany board from Santo 
Domingo (gift). 

Parodi, Professor Lorenzo R., 
Buenos Aires, Argentina: 49 specimens 
of plants from Argentina (gift). 

Pepoon, Dr. Harold S., Urbana, 
Illinois: 2 specimens of plants (gift). 

Polish Institute for Collabora- 
tion with Foreign Countries, War- 
saw, Poland: 40 samples of economic 
materials of Poland (gift). 

Pomona College, Department of 
Botany, Claremont, California: 465 
specimens of plants from California 

Rozynski, Dr. H. W. von, Jaumave, 
Mexico: 348 specimens of plants from 
Mexico (gift). 

Runyon, Robert, Brownsville, 
Texas: 44 specimens of plants (gift). 

Salgues Foundation of Brignoles, 
Brignoles, France: 147 packets of seeds 

Santa Barbara Museum of Nat- 
ural History, Santa Barbara, Cali- 
fornia: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Schipp, William A., Stann Creek, 
British Honduras: 314 specimens of 
plants from British Honduras (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 324 
herbarium specimens (gift). 

Smith, F. W., Guasave, Mexico: 2 
specimens of plants (gift). 

Smith and McLaurin, Ltd., Mil- 
liken Park, Scotland: 3 samples of 
paper-making materials (gift). 

Stanford University, Dudley Her- 
barium, California: 397 specimens of 
plants from California (exchange). 

Stearn, W. T., Cambridge, England: 
5 specimens of plants (gift). 

Steed, W. J., New York: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Stork, Professor Harvey E., North- 
field, Minnesota: 225 specimens of 
plants from Costa Rica (gift). 

Swanson, Miss Caroline, Chicago: 
2 specimens of plants (gift). 

Taihoku Imperial University, 
Taihoku, Taiwan, Japan: 400 specimens 
of plants from Formosa (exchange). 

Talcott, Mrs. E. A., Chicago: 1 
lignum- vitae ruler (gift). 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry, Washington, D.C.: 2 photo- 
graphs (gift). 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


United States Department of the 
Interior, Agricultural Experiment 
Station, St. Croix, Virgin Islands: 1 
sample of bay leaves (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 594 herbarium speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Universitetets Botaniske Mu- 
seum, Copenhagen, Denmark: 947 her- 
barium specimens (exchange). 

Universitetets Botaniske Mu- 
seum, Oslo, Norway: 474 herbarium 
specimens (exchange). 

University of California, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Berkeley, California: 
417 specimens of plants (exchange). 

University of California at Los 
Angeles, Los Angeles, California: 137 
specimens of plants from Mexico (gift) ; 
192 specimens of plants from California 
and Mexico (exchange). 

University of California, College 
of Agriculture, Division of Pomol- 
ogy, Davis, California: 4 specimens of 
jujubes and almonds (gift). 

University of Florida, Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station, Gaines- 
ville, Florida: 50 specimens of pecan 
nuts (gift). 

University of Michigan, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 

34 specimens of plants (gift); 1,151 
specimens of plants (exchange). 

University of Texas, Department 
of Botany, Austin, Texas: 216 speci- 
mens of plants (gift). 

Uphof, Dr. J. C. Th., Winter Park, 
Florida: 400 specimens of Florida plants 

Van Cleef Brothers, Chicago: 13 
samples of rubber (gift). 

Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago: 2 
specimens of shrubs (gift). 

Waitman, John, Redington, Ne- 
braska: 1 root of cottonwood tree (gift). 

Williams, Ichabod T., and Sons, 
New York: 1 board of Peruvian 
mahogany (gift). 

Wooten, Captain H. C, Chicago: 
1 specimen of teak from Burma (gift). 

Worthy Paper Company, West 
Springfield, Massachusetts: 7 samples 
of paper (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 561 
specimens of plants, 1 board of euca- 
lyptus (gift). 

Zetek, James, Balboa, Canal Zone: 
73 specimens of plants, 2 photographic 
prints (gift). 


Ackerman, C. N., Chicago: skull and 
one-half skeleton of Bison americanus — 
Antioch, Illinois (gift). 

Ackermann, Fritz, Bahia, Brazil: 
2 quartz crystals with phantoms — 
Bahia, Brazil (gift). 

Air Reduction Sales Company, 
Chicago: cabinet of 8 tubes of rare 
gases of the atmosphere (gift). 

Axe, B. E. and Frances C, Seattle, 
Washington: 1 gold nugget — Dawson, 
Canada (gift). 

Blaschke, Frederick, Cold Spring- 
on-Hudson, New York: 1 specimen of 
placer gold ore — Cold Spring-on-Hud- 
son, New York (gift). 

Bohn, Mrs. Bertha B., Chicago: 1 
specimen of fibrous epsomite — Chicago 

Brady, L. F., Mesa, Arizona: 1 speci- 
men of quartz sericite — Gun Creek, 
Arizona (gift). 

Caplan, Allan, Creede, Colorado: 
6 specimens of pickeringite and goslar- 
ite— Creede, Colorado (exchange). 

Chaney, Dr. Ralph W., Berkeley, 
California: 125 specimens of fossil 
plants, 4 specimens of fossil pine cones 
— California (exchange). 

Chisos Mining Company, Terlingua, 
Texas: 15 specimens of mercury ore — 
Terlingua, Texas (gift). 

Christopher, Louise, Chicago: 2 
gypsum rosettes — Coteau County, South 
Dakota (gift). 

Colburn, Burnham S., Biltmore, 
North Carolina: 5 specimens of minerals 
— North Carolina (gift). 

100 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Crystal Fluorspar Company, Eliz- 
abethtown, Illinois: 2 specimens of 
fluorite — Elizabethtown, Illinois (gift). 

Davis, O. L., Elmhurst, Illinois: 1 
specimen of oolitic jasper, 1 specimen 
of agate — south of Cape Flattery, 
Washington (gift). 

Deardorff, Vergil, Silt, Colorado: 
lower jaw of fossil mammal — Colorado 

Dowling, O. J., Carlsbad, New 
Mexico: 3 specimens of sylvite — near 
Carlsbad, New Mexico (gift). 

Drasek, Frank von, Cicero, Illinois: 
13 specimens of minerals — Murfrees- 
boro, Arkansas; 1 specimen of native 
lead — Silver City, New Mexico (gift). 

Embree Iron Company, Chicago: 1 
cerussite stalactite — Johnson City, Ten- 
nesee (gift). 

Eriksen, Johan, Oslo, Norway: 1 
specimen of rhombenporphyry — Oslo, 
Norway (gift). 

Field, Henry, Chicago: skull of 
camel — Miliat, Mesopotamia (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 
Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James Quinn (Expedition to Colorado 
and Nebraska): 2 specimens of peat, 1 
specimen of fresh-water chalk, 43 speci- 
mens of fossil mammals, 2 specimens of 
fossil reptiles — western Colorado; 6 
specimens of fossil mammals — Ains- 
worth, Nebraska. 

Collected by E. S. Riggs (Marshall 
Field Paleontological Expedition to 
Argentina, 1922-25): 110 specimens of 
wood opal, 1 specimen of rock — Rio 
Chico, Argentina. 

Collected by G. F. Sternberg (Mar- 
shall Field Paleontological Expedition 
to Argentina, 1922-25): 2 specimens of 
chalcedony, 17 specimens of fossil wood 
— Rio Chico, Argentina. 

Collected by the Fourth Asiatic 
Expedition of the American Museum 
of Natural History, New York, and Field 
Museum of Natural History: lower jaws 
of shovel-tusked mastodon Platybelodon 
— Mongolia. 

Collected by Henry W. Nichols: 3 
specimens of marl — Antioch, Illinois. 

Collected by Sharat K. Roy: 615 
specimens of invertebrate fossils — New 
York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. 

Purchases: a slice of the Melrose 
meteorite — Melrose, New Mexico; 1 
individual meteorite — Archie, Missouri. 

Flanders, F. D., Edinburg, Texas: 
molar tooth of Elephas imperator — near 
Roma, Texas (gift). 

Frederick, G. K., Ranger, South 
Dakota: 2 hematite geodes — Bad Lands, 
South Dakota (gift). 

Friesser, Julius, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of stigmaria — New River, West 
Virginia (gift). 

Green, A. P., Fire Brick Company, 
Mexico, Missouri: 1 specimen of dia- 
spore — Mexico, Missouri (gift). 

Green, Darsie A., Norman, Okla- 
homa: 2 geodes — Pottawotamie County, 
Oklahoma (gift). 

Halverson, E. E., Coalinga, Cali- 
fornia: 11 specimens of fossil wood — 
west of Coalinga, California; 1 specimen 
of calcareous tufa — Warthan Creek, 
California (gift). 

Hayden Lake Mining and Milling 
Company, Rathdrum, Idaho: 4 speci- 
mens of copper ore — Rathdrum, Idaho 

Hedburn, Paul, Westmont, Illinois: 
7 fossil leaves — Mazon Creek, Illinois 

Herre, Fred E., Ainsworth, Ne- 
braska: lower jaw of undetermined 
canid — Ainsworth, Nebraska (gift). 

Houston Museum of Natural 
History, Houston, Texas: 1 specimen 
of pink calcite — Texas (gift). 

Jennings, J. W., Eureka, Arkansas: 
2 specimens of jasper, 1 specimen of 
brecciation in limestone, 1 specimen of 
tufa, 2 specimens of chalcedony — 
Eureka Springs, Arkansas (gift). 

Jones, A. C, Cicero, Illinois: 2 
specimens of wulfenite, 2 specimens of 
cerussite — Hilltop Mine, Arizona (gift). 

Kunz, G. Frederick, New York: 
2 fragments of emerald — Colombia 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Kyancutta Museum, Kyancutta, 
Australia: 18 specimens of meteorite 
and meteorite crater products — Hen- 
bury, Australia (exchange). 

Lay, Arthur J., Elizabethtown, 
Illinois: 2 specimens of fluorspar — 
Crystal Mine, Illinois (gift). 

Lipman, Robert R., Chicago: 1 
specimen of native lead — Italian Moun- 
tains, Colorado (gift). 

McGee, Walter S., Chicago: 1 gla- 
cial boulder (gift). 

McIntosh, F. G., Beverly Hills, 
California: 3 specimens of barite, 4 
specimens of calcareous tufa, 12 speci- 
mens of barite crystals — California (ex- 

McNeill, E. L., Elkhart, Kansas: 
1 fulgurite — Elkhart, Kansas (gift). 

Mannel, Charles, Lincoln, Kansas: 
1 specimen of Scaphites — Blue Hill, 
Kansas (gift). 

Manning, James, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of gold ore (black sand), 1 speci- 
men of placer gold ore, 1 specimen of 
tin ore — Alaska (gift). 

Maricott, Charles, Sault Sainte 
Marie, Michigan: 14 specimens of clay- 
stones — Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan 


Markham, Floyd, Chicago: 3 speci- 
mens of invertebrate fossils— Blue Is- 
land, Illinois (gift). 

Millar, A. O., Murfreesboro, 
Arkansas: 1 specimen of blue ground 
breccia matrix of diamond — Pike 
County, Arkansas (gift). 

Nelson, George, Chicago: 7 speci- 
mens of native copper — Keweenaw 
Point, Michigan (gift). 

New Jersey Zinc Company, Frank- 
lin Furnace, New Jersey: 9 slabs of 
partly fabricated zinc (gift). 

Nininger, Professor H. H., Denver, 
Colorado: 2 photographs of Huizopa 
meteorite (exchange). 

Northwestern University, Evan- 
ston, Illinois: skeleton of Indian ele- 
phant — Sewalik Mountains, India (gift). 

Northwest Mining Association, 
Spokane, Washington: 27 specimens 
of ores — Washington (gift). 

Pitts, William B., Sunnyvale, Cali- 
fornia: 5 specimens of wax opal, 14 
specimens of polished agate, 1 mineral 
— various localities (gift). 

Polish Institute for Collabora- 
tion with Foreign Countries, War- 
saw, Poland: 61 specimens of ores and 
economic minerals — Poland (gift). 

Pyle, L. S., Chicago: 1 specimen of 
Orthoceras annulatum in matrix — River- 
side, Illinois (gift). 

Quinn, James H., Ainsworth, Ne- 
braska: 18 specimens of vertebrate 
fossils, 1 specimen of fossil reptile — 
Ainsworth, Nebraska (gift). 

Quinn, Leslie K., Ainsworth, Ne- 
braska: partial skeleton of fossil rodent 
— Ainsworth, Nebraska (gift). 

Salgues Foundation of Brignoles, 
Brignoles, France: 3 specimens of 
bauxite— Brignoles, France (exchange). 

Salie, Prince M. U. M., Galle, 
Ceylon: 55 gems — Ceylon (gift). 

Sarock, Thomas, St. James, Missouri: 
1 specimen of invertebrate fossil (gift). 

Scheibner, J. G., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of stigmaria — Franklin County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Seymour, Dr. T. F., Mishawaka, 
Indiana: 4 specimens of free gold in 
matrix — Ontario, Canada (gift). 

Standard Oil Company (Indiana), 
Chicago: 74 specimens of petroleum 
products, 60 photographs (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: etched section of 
Deport meteorite — Texas; etched sec- 
tion of Santa Fe meteorite — New 
Mexico; 4 specimens of Plesippus — 
Idaho (exchange). 

Varni, Stephen, New York: 5 speci- 
mens illustrating stages of cutting a 
star from crystal (gift). 

Walther, Herbert C, Chicago: 1 
specimen each of metallic molybdenum, 
trona and ulexite, halite cube with 
bubbles, columnar halite (gift). 

102 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 


Abegg, Klauss, Homewood, Illinois: 
4 rodent skins and skulls, 1 white- 
throated sparrow skin, 2 toads, 1 snake 
—Isle Royale, Michigan (gift). 

Academia Sinica, Nanking, China: 
22 small mammal skins and skulls — 
China (gift). 

Allen, G. C, Chicago: 1 white- 
tailed deer (antlers and skull) — Ala- 
bama (gift). 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 9 mouse opossum 
skins and skulls — South America; 2 
bat skins and skulls — Fukien, China 

Anonymous: 4 bird skeletons — vari- 
ous localities (gift). 

Antunano, J. A. Sanchez, Merida, 
Yucatan: 2 bobwhite skins — Yucatan 

Arnett, C. E., Naperville, Illinois: 
1 bird skeleton — Naperville, Illinois 

Bailey, H. H., Miami, Florida: 4 
bat skins and skulls — Balfate, Honduras; 
8 bird skins — Honduras and Cuba 
(exchange) . 

Baker, Miss M. B., Chicago: 1 pine 
grosbeak — Chicago (gift). 

Bartlett, Watson, Mendota, Illi- 
nois: 1 albino ovenbird — Mendota, 
Illinois (gift). 

Bebb, Herbert, Chicago: 1 beetle — 
Chicago (gift). 

Birkholz, Mrs. Henry, Laporte, 
Indiana: 1 long-tailed shrew — Laporte, 
Indiana (gift). 

Birks, Thomas K., Chicago: 1 tiger 
salamander, 1 lamprey — Okee, Wiscon- 
sin (gift). 

Bishop, Dr. S. C, Rochester, New 
Y"ork: 1 small boa — Rochester, New 
Y'ork (gift). 

Boulton, Rudyerd, Chicago: 1 
West African wood swallow — lower 
Congo, Africa; 19 bird skins, 35 bird 
skeletons — Illinois; 65 dragon-flies — 
Illinois and Wisconsin (gift). 

Bower, H. M., Evanston, Illinois: 
4 butterflies — Dickerson County, Michi- 
gan (gift). 

Brander, A. A. Dunbar, Elgin, 
Scotland: 1 goosander, 1 corn crake, 
1 common snipe, 1 jack snipe — Scotland 

Brundage, Edward, Jr., Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 1 woodchuck skull — Illinois; 
45 salamanders, 1 frog, 1 snake, 74 
insects — North Carolina; 2 worms, 231 
insects — United States (gift). 

Buck, Warren, Camden, New Jersey: 
1 monitor lizard — Sierra Leone (gift). 

Bullock, Dillman S., Angol, Chile: 
57 frogs, 87 lizards, 14 snakes — Chile 

Burt, Dr. Charles E., Winfield, 
Kansas: 18 frogs, 20 lizards, 15 snakes — 
various localities (gift). 

California Institute of Tech- 
nology, Pasadena, California: 28 small 
mammal skins and skulls — Argentina 
(exchange) . 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 5 turtles, 15 snakes, 116 
lizards — Angola (exchange). 

Charleston Museum, Charleston, 
South Carolina: 34 pickerel, 6 rock sea 
bass — South Carolina (gift). 

Clark, Dan, Wheeling, Illinois: 1 
starling skeleton — Wheeling, Illinois 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 1 
bat skin and skull — Ecuador; 1 pheas- 
ant, 1 bobwhite, 7 bird skeletons — 
Illinois; 2 sun bitterns — Brazil (gift). 

Crandall, R. H., Athens, Pennsyl- 
vania: 1 beetle — North Carolina (ex- 

Cutting, C. Suydam, New York: 
133 small mammal skins, 127 skulls, 
70 bird skins — Upper Burma (gift). 

Daily, John, Indianapolis, Indiana: 
105 fishes — near Biloxi, Mississippi 

Dams, D. D wight, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 4 bats, 9 small mammal skeletons 
— Illinois (exchange) ; 1 ground squirrel 
skeleton — Naperville, Illinois; 4 bird 
skeletons — various localities (gift). 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Davis, D. Dwight, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: and Necker, Walter L., Chicago, 
22 salamanders, 22 frogs, 4 lizards, 
13 snakes, 21 turtles — southern Illinois 

Deutsches Entomologisches In- 
stitut, Berlin-Dahlem, Germany: 1 
beetle — Council Bluffs, Iowa (exchange). 

Dickinson, J. W., Chicago: 1 spider 
— Chicago (gift). 

Duncan, D. K., Globe, Arizona: 2 
butterflies — White Mountains, Arizona 

Dybas, Henry, Chicago: 4 beetles — 
Illinois and Indiana (gift). 

Dybas, Henry, and Neitzel, Wil- 
liam, Chicago: 2 newts — Willow 
Springs, Illinois (gift). 

Eckstrom, Mrs. Fannie H., Brewer, 
Maine: 1 Hoy's shrew — Holden, Maine 

Elliott, Dr. John A., Chicago: 1 
hog-nosed snake — Sheridan, Illinois 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago: 
1 western wood frog — Wyoming (gift). 

Felippone, Dr. Florentino, Mon- 
tevideo, Uruguay: 4 bats — Uruguay 

Field, Henry, Chicago: 2 rodents, 
22 bats, 1 sunbird — Arabia (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Collected by Julius Friesser and Frank 
C. Wonder (Hancock Expedition to 
Guadalupe Island) : 5 elephant seals, 30 
bird skins, 5 bird skeletons — Guadalupe 
and San Benito Islands; 15 lizards, 2 
shells — Lower California, Mexico; 11 
bats — Whittier, California. 

Collected by Dr. A. W. Herre 
(Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition): 
980 fishes — various localities. 

Collected by John W. Moyer: 11 
bird skins — Sparland, Illinois. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Paleon- 
tological Expedition to Colorado, 1933): 
17 mammal skeletons, 12 bird skeletons, 
4 toads, 8 snakes, 346 insects, 1 scor- 
pion — Mesa County, Colorado. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson: 2 
pocket gophers — Kankakee County, 

Collected by Harry S. Swarth: 6 
bird skeletons — Illinois. 

Purchases: 3 snakes — California; 93 
mammal skins and skulls — Ecuador; 
2 sage grouse — Wyoming. 

Flotz, Frank, Chicago: 1 king rail — 
Chicago (gift). 

Forbis, Homer, Albany, Missouri: 5 
hair worms — Albany, Missouri (gift). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 1 
pocket gopher skeleton, 4 bird skeletons, 

2 salamanders, 4 snakes, 4 house 
crickets — Illinois (gift). 

Friesser, Julius, Chicago: 1 hog 
sucker — Kankakee, Illinois; 1 dobson — 
Yorkville, Illinois (gift). 

Fullmer, P. F., Aurora, Illinois: 1 
brown thrasher — Aurora, Illinois (gift). 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 2 zone-tailed hawks— Arizona 

Green, Morris M., Ardmore, Penn- 
sylvania: 1 giant shrew — Colombo, 
Ceylon (exchange). 

Gueret, Edmond, Chicago: 1 bird 
skeleton — Illinois (gift). 

Helm, Edward, Wauchula, Florida: 
1 moth — Wauchula, Florida (gift). 

Hershkovitz, Philip, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 1 Texas cave salamander, 

3 lizards — Blanco County, Texas (gift). 

Hickin, Norman E., Birmingham, 
England: 181 butterflies and moths — 
England (gift). 

Hine, Ashley, Chicago: 1 Arizona 
crested flycatcher — Arizona; 6 bird 
skins — various localities (exchange). 

Idzkowski, Joseph, Chicago: 2 

beetles — Chicago (gift). 

Illinois State Natural History 
Survey, Urbana, Illinois: 31 plant 
bugs — Illinois (exchange). 

Johnson, William F., Downers 
Grove, Illinois: 2 flies — Downers Grove, 
Illinois (gift). 

Keller, John H., Anderson, Indiana: 
1 rabbit skull — Madison County, In- 
diana (gift). 

104 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Kellogg, Mr. and Mrs. J. P., Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 117 bird skins — Kenya 
and Tanganyika, Africa (gift). 

Klauber, Laurence M., San Diego, 
California: 2 salamanders, 1 frog, 11 
lizards, 9 snakes — various localities; 2 
lizards — Malpelo Island (exchange). 

Krauth, Emil, Hebron, North Da- 
kota: 23 butterflies — South Dakota 
and Montana (gift). 

Lake, William G., Chicago: 2 mole 
crickets — Winchester, Illinois (gift). 

Lawrence, Treville, Marietta, 
Georgia: 1 black vulture skeleton — 
Marietta, Georgia (gift). 

Laybourne, Wesley Lee, Home- 
wood, Illinois: 1 water snake — Kankakee 
River, Illinois (gift). 

Lietzow, Mrs. W. W., Chicago: 1 
mounted snowy owl — Gascoyne, North 
Dakota (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Chicago: 262 in- 
sects — various localities (gift). 

Lincoln Park Commissioners, Chi- 
cago: 3 bird skeletons — various local- 
ities; 1 Malayan tapir (gift). 

Liu, C. C, Ithaca, New York: 2 
toads — Peiping, China (gift). 

Mazure, Anton, Chicago: 2 jack- 
rabbits — Wallace, Kansas (gift). 

Mengel, Dr. Levi W., Reading, 
Pennsylvania: 1 butterfly — Chancho- 
mayo, Peru (gift). 

Miles, P. M., St. Louis, Missouri: 
1 Komodo lizard skeleton— East Indies 

Miller, Alden H., Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 6 bird skeletons — Butte County, 
California (exchange). 

Mitchell-Hedges, F. A., New York: 
1 elephant beetle — Island of Bonacca 

Mooney, James J., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 2 mouse skeletons, 2 bird 
skeletons — Illinois (gift). 

Moyer, John W., Chicago: 15 bird 
skeletons — Illinois (exchange) ; 1 Amer- 
ican osprey — Illinois (gift). 

Mullen, Miss Zenith, Parsons, 
Kansas: 1 albino robin — Allen County, 
Kansas (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 2 bats — 
Philippine Islands; 1 alligator — Florida 

(gift); 1 bat skin and skull, 12 bats in 
alcohol— various localities; 8 frogs, 1 
caecilian, 45 lizards, 1 snake, 1 turtle, 
1 crocodile — Africa (exchange). 

Naturhistorisches Museum, 
Vienna, Austria: 10 bird skins — eastern 
Congo, Africa; 76 bird skins — East 
Africa (exchange). 

Necker, Walter L., Chicago: 28 
frogs and toads, 1 lizard, 8 snakes — 
Illinois and Wisconsin (exchange). 

Neville, Russell T., Kewanee, 
Illinois: 4 bats, 4 salamanders, 3 frogs, 
1 lizard — Missouri (gift). 

Norris, Professor H. W., Grinnell, 
Iowa: 5 shark heads — Biloxi, Missis- 
sippi (gift). 

Olen, W. A., and Hurley, F. D., 
Clinton ville, Wisconsin: 1 spectacled 
bear — Peru (gift). 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Champaign, 
Illinois: 5 insects — various localities 

Petersen, Martin, Chicago: 1 South 
American catfish; 2 fishes (gift). 

Phillips, L. H., Patterson, Cali- 
fornia: 430 insects — Mindanao, Philip- 
pine Islands (gift). 

Pirie, John T., Chicago: 1 sharp- 
shinned hawk — Lake Forest (gift). 

Plath, Karl, Chicago: 9 bird skele- 
tons (gift); 4 bird skeletons — various 
localities (exchange). 

Pray, Leon L., Homewood, Illinois: 

1 roach — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Quantock, Thomas, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 1 horse skeleton — Naperville, 
Illinois (gift). 

Richards, Flight Lieutenant A. 
R. M., Aden, Arabia: 14 lizards, 1 
centipede — Arabia (gift). 

Ricks, Victor, Santiago, Chile: 5 
bird skins — central Chile (exchange). 

Robinson, John H., Dallas, Texas: 

2 lizards, 5 snakes — Sullivan, Missouri; 
58 insects— various countries (gift). 

Ross, William J., Chicago: 2 beetles 
— Chicago (gift). 

Rueckert, Arthur G., Chicago: 1 
long-eared owl skeleton — Chicago; 1 
beetle — Tessville, Illinois (gift). 

Saikin, Samuel, Chicago: 1 musk 
turtle — Round Lake, Illinois (gift). 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 bird skeleton — Illinois (gift). 

Schmidt, Frank J. W., Madison, 
Wisconsin: 3 salamanders, 3 frogs, 12 
lizards, 7 snakes, 1 turtle — Wisconsin 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 bat skeleton, 2 birds — Illinois 

Senckenbergisches Museum, 
Frankfort, Germany: 21 frogs, 48 
lizards, 18 snakes — Madagascar (ex- 

Shedd, John G., Aquarium, Chicago: 
125 fishes — various localities; 10 fishes 
— Hawaii and Australia; 116 fishes- 
various parts of Pacific Ocean; 6 fishes — 
West Africa; 1 locust lobster — Miami, 
Florida (gift). 

Simpson, James, Chicago: 2 mounted 
capercaillie — Scotland (gift). 

Sprang, W. G., Curtis, Michigan: 2 
prairie chickens — Mackinaw County, 
Michigan (gift). 

Springer, Stewart, Biloxi, Missis- 
sippi: 48 fishes — Gulf of Mexico (gift). 

Strauss, Lieutenant Ralph, Canal 
Zone, Panama: 1 mounted toucan — 
Canal Zone, Panama (gift). 

Svihla, Arthur, Pullman, Washing- 
ton: 3 mountain beaver skeletons — 
Washington (exchange). 

Test, Frederick H., Lafayette, 
Indiana: 2 rodent skins and skulls, 12 
bats in alcohol — Tela, Honduras (gift). 

Theune, Juan, Santiago, Chile: 6 
bird skins — Chile (exchange). 

Thompson, George, Chicago: 1 
siren — Hebron, Indiana (gift). 

Thompson, Colonel Lewis S., Red 
Bank, New Jersey: 3 batfish — Florida 

Tilske, Mrs. Lillian, Chicago: 1 
mounted least bittern (gift). 

United States Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D.C.: 3 
bundles of bamboo culms — Savannah, 
Georgia (gift). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 
4 lizards, 4 turtle shells, 16 land turtle 
skulls, 2 turtles in alcohol — Galapagos 
Islands (gift). 

University of Kansas, Lawrence, 
Kansas: 13 horseflies — western United 
States (exchange). 

Vainisi, Phillip, Chicago: 1 scorpion 
—Cuba (gift). 

Walker, Charles F., Columbus, 
Ohio: 4 tree frogs — Sugar Grove, Ohio 


Walters, Leon L., Chicago: 1 
iguana — Central America (gift). 

Weber, Walter A., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 4 bird skeletons — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, Chicago: 1 cat- 
fish — Momence, Illinois; 25 ticks — 
Chicago (gift). 

Wiley, Mrs. Grace, Minneapolis, 
Minnesota: 2 tree frogs (gift). 

Williams, Jonathan, Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 2 snakes — Evanston, Illinois (gift). 

Witschi, Dr. Emil, Iowa: 1 sala- 
mander, 4 toads — various localities 

Wolcott, Albert B., Downers 
Grove, Illinois: 173 insects — Illinois and 
Indiana (gift). 

Wonder, Frank C, Chicago: 1 red 
bat, 3 bird skeletons — Illinois (gift). 

Woolsey, Richard H., Marseilles, 
Illinois: 1 beetle — near Marseilles, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Zalsman, Phil G., Grayling, Michi- 
gan: 4 brook trout — Grayling, Michigan 


American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: seven 35-mm. 
motion picture reels, Simba (gift). 

Field, Henry, Chicago: 108 slides 
on Kish (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 

From Division of Photography: 4 
slides for Theatre use. 

Filchner, Dr. Wilhelm, Berlin- 
Wilmersdorf, Germany: eight 35-mm. 
motion picture reels, Tibetan Dances 

Hoffman, Miss Malvina, New 
York: sixteen 16-mm. motion picture 
reels and 148 slides made on expedition 
around the world (gift). 

106 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Swett, W. Charles, Hollywood, 
California: 150 feet of 16-mm. motion 
picture film, Elephant Seals (pur- 

Vernay, Arthur S., New York: 
two 35-mm. motion picture reels and 
several hundred feet of loose strips on 
India (gift). 


Field, Joseph N., II, Chicago: 2 
negatives of a model of Natural Bridge, 
Virginia (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 
Made by Division of Photography: 
6,536 prints, 1,863 negatives, 94 lantern 
slides, 269 enlargements, and 112 trans- 
parent labels. 

Developed for expeditions: 82 nega- 

Made by Dr. Paul S. Martin: 108 
negatives of Lowry ruin, Colorado. 

Made by Bryan Patterson: 30 general 
views of Colorado. 

Purchases: 28 negatives of prehistoric 
animals of western Europe. 


List of Donors of Gifts 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
New Haven, Connecticut. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Agricultural College, Mississippi. 

American Friends of China, Chicago. 

Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massa- 

Billings Medical Club, Chicago. 

Black Diamond, Chicago. 

Black Hills Engineer, Rapid City, 
South Dakota. 

Board of Health, Chicago. 

Bunrika Daigaku, Tokyo, Japan. 

Canadian Mining Journal, Garden- 
vale, Canada. 

Carnegie Corporation of New Y'ork. 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 

Century of Progress, A, Chicago. 

Chicago Association of Commerce, 

Chicago Plan Commission, Chicago. 

Children's Museum, Boston, Massa- 

Comision Nacional de Irrigation, 
Mexico City, Mexico. 

Cook County Forest Preserve Dis- 
trict, Chicago. 

Cranbrook Institute of Science, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 

Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colo- 

Drew University, Madison, New 

Game, Fish and Oyster Commission, 
Austin, Texas. 

Garden Club of America, New York. 

General Biological Supply House, 

General Electric X-Ray Corporation, 

Geological Survey, Columbus, Ohio. 

Gulf Refining Company, Pittsburgh, 

Hardwood Record, Chicago. 

Hartford Public Library, Hartford, 

Henry E. Huntington Library and 
Art Gallery, San Marino, California. 

Illinois Bell Telephone Company, 

Imperial College of Science and 
Technology, London, England. 

Institut International d' Agriculture, 
Rome, Italy. 

Institut International de Cooperation 
Intellectuelle, Paris, France. 

Institute of Art, Tokyo, Japan. 

International Review of Legislation 
for Protection of Nature, Brussels, 

Izaak Walton League of America, 

Japan Society, New York. 

Japanese Embassy, Washington, D.C. 

Junior Society of Natural Sciences, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Laboratoire de Plasmogenie, Mexico 
City, Mexico. 

Louisiana State University, Baton 
Rouge, Louisiana. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Manila Harbor Board, Manila, Philip- 
pine Islands. 

Marine Biologist, Colombo, Ceylon. 

Mediaeval Academy of America, 
Boulder, Colorado. 

Mellon Institute of Industrial Re- 
search, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

Mercantile Library Association, New 

Ministerio de Industrias, Bogota, 

Mountaineer Club, Seattle, Washing- 

National Indian Association, Cal- 
cutta, India. 

National Institute of Health, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

National Land Use Planning Com- 
mittee, Washington, D.C. 

Parnassus, New York. 

Pennsylvania Plastic Products, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 

Perkins Institute, Watertown, Massa- 

Polish Consulate, Chicago. 

Prince of Wales Museum of West 
India, Bombay, India. 

Riverside Public Library, Riverside, 

Science Service, Washington, D.C. 

Sociedad Cooperativa Limitada Pro- 
cultura Regional, Mexico City, Mexico. 

Southern Methodist University, 
Dallas, Texas. 

State Bureau of Mines and Geology, 
Butte, Montana. 

Stone Publishing Company, New 

Taylor Instrument Companies, 
Rochester, New York. 

Topographical and Geological Survey, 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Union College, Schenectady, New 

Union League Club, Chicago. 

Vineyard Gazette, Edgartown, Mas- 

Western Reserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

World Calendar Association, New 


Altschuler, Brent, Louisville, Ken- 

Ames, Oakes, Cambridge, Massa- 

Aminoff, Gregori, Alvsjo, Sweden. 

Anderson, R. van V., Algiers, Algeria. 

Arciniegas, German, Bogota, Colom- 

Banesh, Bernard, Chicago. 

Becking, R. G. M. Baas, Leiden, 

Berger, E. W., Gainesville, Florida. 

Bhatia, H. L., Pusa, India. 

Blancon, Lucien, Limoges, France. 

Brandstetter, Renward, Lucerne, 

Breuil, L'Abbe Henri, Paris, France. 

Bridges, Lucas, Vienna, Austria. 

Brimley, C. S., Raleigh, North Caro- 

Brown, F. Martin. 

Canals, Jose, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
Caso, Dr. Alfonso, Mexico City, 
Cook, Harold J., Agate, Colorado. 
Cornell, Margaret, M. Chicago. 

Dabbene, Roberto, Buenos Aires, 

Dieseldorff, E. P., Berlin, Germany. 
Dixon, Roland B., Cambridge, Mas- 

Dunod, H., Paris, France. 

Engloff, Gustav, Chicago. 
Elmer, A. D. E., Manila, Philippine 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago. 

Ferguson, John C, Peiping, China. 

Field, Henry, Chicago. 

Field, Stanley, Chicago. 

Firestone, Harvey S., Jr., Akron, 

Fontana, Mario A., Montevideo, 

Frankenberg, Dr. G. V., Braun- 
schweig, Germany. 

Friedlander and Son, Berlin, Ger- 

Furlong, Colonel Charles Wellington, 
Scituate, Massachusetts. 

Gerhard, W. J., Chicago. 

Gleason, Dr. Henry Allan, New York. 

Goldring, Winifred, Portland, Maine. 

Hachiauka, Marquis, Tokyo, Japan. 
Hambly, Wilfrid D., Chicago. 

108 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Harlow, William M., Syracuse, New 

Harshberger, Dr. John W., Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. 

Herter, Guillermo, Montevideo, Uru- 

Hicks, Lawrence E., Columbus, Ohio. 

Holmberg, Dr. Arne, Stockholm, 

Hortling, Ivar, Helsingfors, Finland. 

Jouard, Henri, Dijon C6te d'Or, 

Kanehira, Ryozo, Fukuoka, Japan. 

Kesteven, H. Leighton, Bullahdelah, 
New South Wales, Australia. 

Kindle, E. M., Ottawa, Canada. 

King, Mrs. Joseph H., Chicago. 

Kinghorn, J. R., Sydney, Australia. 

Knappen, Theodore Macfarlane, 
Washington, D.C. 

Knoche, Dr. Walter, Santiago, Chile. 

Lambert, S. M., Sydney, Australia. 
Laufer, Dr. Berthold, Chicago. 
Laughlin, Harry H., Cold Spring 
Harbor, New York. 

Lewis, Dr. Albert B., Chicago. 
Lighthall, W. D., Montreal, Canada. 
Liljeblad, Emil, Chicago. 
Lilly, Josiah K., Indianapolis, Indiana. 
Lundell, C. L., Dallas, Texas. 

Marelli, Dr. Carlos, La Plata, Argen- 

Matthey, R., Lausanne, Switzerland. 

Morse, Elizabeth Eaton, Berkeley, 

Miiller, Lorenz, Munich, Germany. 

Netting, M. Graham, Pittsburgh, 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 

Osgood, C. B., Ottawa, Canada. 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago. 
Osten, Don Cornelio, Montevideo, 

Pack, Arthur Newton, Princeton, 
New Jersey. 

Park, Orlando, Urbana, Illinois. 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago. 

Poole, Earl L., Reading, Pennsyl- 

Porsild, M. P., Disko, Greenland. 

Poulsen, Chr., Copenhagen, Den- 

Pratt, Mrs. William E., Chicago. 
Procter, William, Bar Harbor, Maine. 
Putnam, Patrick Tracy Lowell, Bed- 
ford, New York. 

Raven, H. C, New York. 
Regnier, Robert, Marseilles, France. 
Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E., Chicago. 

Sandground, J. H., Boston, Massa- 

Sarkar, Professor Benoy Kumar, 
Calcutta, India. 

Satlerthwait, A. F., Webster Groves, 

Schaarming, H. T. L., Stavanger, 

Schaffer, David Nicholas. 

Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago. 

Schmidt, Richard, Berlin, Germany. 

Schoute, Dr. J. C., Groningen, 

Sennen, F., Barcelona, Spain. 

Shaw, Te Hui, Kiangsi, China. 

Sherff, Dr. E. E., Chicago. 

Simms, Stephen C, Chicago. 

Simon and Simon Publishing Com- 
pany, Chicago. 

Spivey, Thomas Sawyer, Beverly 
Hills, California. 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Thomas, Elsie Huber, Chicago. 
Thompson, J. Eric, Chicago. 
Treadwell, Professor Aaron L., 
Poughkeepsie, New York. 

Uphof, J. C. Th., Orlando, Florida. 

Valentine, Hazel M., Chicago. 

Vignato, Milciades Alyo, Buenos 
Aires, Argentina. 

Villacosta, J. Antonio and Carlos A., 
Guatemala City, Guatemala. 

Vincent, Edith, Chicago. 

Vladykov, Dr. Vadim D., Toronto, 

Watson, Rose J. Oak Park, Illinois. 
Williams, Llewelyn, Chicago. 
Wolcott, Albert B., Downers Grove, 

Wu, Henry H., Chicago. 

Yu, Robert, Chicago. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 



Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S. 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N. 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 

Simpson, James 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Breasted, Professor 
James H. 

Chalmers, William J. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
Field, Marshall 

Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

McCormick, Stanley 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Armour, Allison V. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Insull, Samuel 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Langdon, Professor 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1933 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wegeforth, Dr. Harry M. 
White, Harold A. 
White, Howard J. 

110 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Black, Dr. Davidson 
Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Keith, Professor 
Sir Arthur 

Langdon, Professor 

Smith, Professor Grafton 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Rawson, Frederick H. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, P. D.* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 
* Deceased 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel 

McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W. 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman D wight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. M. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

American Friends of 

Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E. 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Borden, John 

Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F. 

Doering, 0. C. 

Field, Henry 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M. 
Hill, James J.* 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, S. L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 

Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Mandel, Leon 
Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
* Deceased 

McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 

Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F. 
Raymond, Charles E. 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Martin A. 

Schwab, Martin C. 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Thompson, E. H. 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Willis, L. M. 


Armour, Allison V. 

Borden, John 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J. 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Langdon, Professor 

McCormick, Cyrus H. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1933 

Borland, Mrs. John Jay 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Richardson, George A. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simms, Stephen C. 
Simpson, James 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wegeforth, Dr. Harry M. 
White, Harold A. 
White, Howard J. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Abbott, John Jay 
Abbott, Robert S. 
Adler, Max 
Alexander, William A. 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Armstrong, Mrs. Frank H. 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Frederick R. 
Babson, Henry B. 

Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Billings, C. K. G. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, L. E. 
Block, Philip D. 

Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Boynton, Mrs. C. T. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, Charles Edward 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Bumngton, Eugene J. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 
Byram, Harry E. 

112 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chalmers, William J. 
Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clark, Eugene B. 
Clay, John 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Clow, William E. 
Collins, William M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cooke, George A. 
Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cramer, E. W. 
Cramer, Mrs. 

Katharine S. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cunningham, Frank S. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 
Cutten, Arthur W. 

Dau, J. J. 
Davies, Mrs. D. C. 
Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Dawes, Rufus C. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert Blake 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, George W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Drake, Tracy C. 
Dreyfus, Moise 
Durand, Scott S. 

Eckstein, Louis 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
Epstein, Max 
Everitt, George B. 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farnum, Henry W. 
Farr, Newton Camp 

Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Farwell, Francis C. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Ferguson, Louis A. 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph Nash, II 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Florsheim, Milton S. 

Gardner, Paul E. 
Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Getz, George F. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glessner, John J. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goddard, Leroy A. 
Goodman, William O. 
Goodrich, A. W. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 
Graham, Ernest R. 
Griffiths, John 
Griscom, Clement A. 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Haskell, Frederick T. 
Hastings, Samuel M. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A., Jr. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hippach, Louis A. 
Hixon, Robert 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 

Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth 

Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Mrs. Arthur B. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Mrs. Daphne 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelly, D. F. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Charles K. 
Kuppenheimer, Louis B. 

Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lowden, Frank O. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
MacVeagh, Franklin 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mark, Clayton 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Mason, William S. 
McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Harold F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McKinlock, George 

McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLennan, D. R. 
McLennan, Hugh 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H., Jr. 
Morton, Joy 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Murphy, Walter P. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


O'Brien, John J. 
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patten, Mrs. James A. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payne, John Barton 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Augustus S. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Perkins, Herbert F. 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Frank W. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Rea, Mrs. Robert L. 
Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas Clifford 

Rosenwald, William 
Runnells, Clive 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Edward L. 


Ryerson, Mrs. Martin A. 

Sargent, Fred Wesley 
Schweppe, Charles H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Seabury, Charles W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, James 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Stevens, Eugene M. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Storey, W. B. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, G. F., Jr. 

Swift, Harold H. 
Swift, Louis F. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Traylor, Melvin A. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Valentine, Louis L. 
Veatch, George L. 
Viles, Lawrence M. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Weber, David 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wilson, Walter H. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 

Deceased, 1933 

Aldis, Arthur T. 

Carton, L. A. 
Clegg, Mrs. Henry G. 
Coolbaugh, Miss 
Wilhelmine F. 

Day, Albert M. 

Farrington, Dr. Oliver C. 

Hinkley, James Otis 
Hurley, Edward N. 

Legge, Alexander 

Lord, John B. 
Lytton, George 

Piez, Charles 
Porter, H. H. 

Warner, Ezra Joseph 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. Hpsr™ Vnn* Stephens, W. C. 

Copley, Ira Cliff Jiearne, ±vnox ^^ Mrg Edgar B 

Ellis, Ralph, Jr. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

114 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports. Vol. X 


Those who have contributed $100 to the Mux 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron. Ely M. 
Abbott. Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abrams, Professor Dufi A, 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustav H. 
Adams. Benjamin Stearns 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Joseph 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams. William C. 
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie 
Addleman, Samuel W. 
Adler, David 
Adier, Mrs. Max 
Arr.eck, Benjamin F. 
Ahlsehlager, Walter W. 
Albee, Mrs. Harry W. 
Allais, Arthur L. 
Allbright, William B. 
Allen. Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth. A. P. 
Ailing, Mrs. C. A. 
Ailing, Mrs. YanY\ agenen 
Allison, Mrs. Nathaniel 
Aimes, Dr. Herman E. 
Alsehuler, Alfred S. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alter, Harrv 
Alton, Caro"i W. 
Andersen. Arthur 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Ar.dreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Alfred B. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Arthur W. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Am, W. G. 

Artingstali, Samuel G., Jr. 
Aseher, Fred 
Ashby, W. B. 
Ash craft, Raymond M. 

Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Atkinson, Charles T. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Avery, Miss Clara 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babb, W. E. 
Babson, Fred K. 
Each, Julius H. 
Bachmann, Dr. Harrold A. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bailey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Baird", Mrs. Clay 
Baird, Harrv K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker. Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Baldwin. V\ illiam W. 
Balgemann. Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ball. Sidney Y. 
Ballard, Thomas L. 
Ballenberg. Adolph G. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John X. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, Harry A. 
Barbour, James J. 
Barley, Miss Matilda A. 
Barnes. Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, James M. 
Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart. Mrs. A. M. 
Barnhart, Mrs. Clara S. 
Barnhart, Miss Gracia 

M. F. 
Barnum, Harrv 
Barr. Mrs. Alfred H. 
Bartelme, John H. 
Barthoiomae, Mrs. Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett. Frederic C. 
Barton. Mrs. Enos M. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 

Bauer, Aleck 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum. Mervyn 
Baumrucker. Charles F. 
Bausch. William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. P. A. 
Beacom, Harold 
Beatty. H. W. 
Beck. Herbert 
Becker, Mrs. A. G. 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker. Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker. Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Behr. Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C. 
Bell. Mrs. Laird 
Bellinghausen, Miss Celia 
Bender, C. J. 
Benjamin. Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, J. Gardner 
Bensinger. Benjamin E. 
Benson, John 
Bentley. Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berndt, Dr. George W. 
Berry-man, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly. Mrs. C. H. 
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Bidwell, Charles W. 
Biehn. Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bird, George H. 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Edward J. 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Birkholz, Hans E. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Bixby, Edward Randall 
Black, Dr. Arthur D. 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Edward T. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Bletsch, William E. 
Blish, Sylvester 
Block, Emanuel J. 
Blome, Rudolph S. 
Blomgren, Dr. Walter L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harrv H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Bode, William F. 
Bodman, Mrs. Luther 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohn, Mrs. Bertha 

Bolt en, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boorn, William C. 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Born, Moses 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Both, William C. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowes, William R. 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harrv 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 

Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge, Professor 

S. P. 
Bremer, Harry A. 
Bremner, Mrs. David 

F., Jr. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridge, George S. 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Brigham, Miss Florence M. 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock. A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Charles A. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Dr. Edward M. 
Brown, Mrs. George 

Brown, Mrs. Henry 

Brown, John T. 
Brown, Scott 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brvant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guv R. 
Buck, Mrs. Lillian B. 
Buck, Nelson Lerov 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Burhngton. Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bullock, Carl C. 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 

Burkholder. Dr. J. F. 
Burnham, Mrs. Edward 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrows, Mrs. W. F. 
Burn.-, Mrs. William 
Burn,', William, Jr. 
Burtch, Almon 
Burton. Mrs. Ernest D. 
Bush, Mrs. Lionel E. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, J. Fred 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Robert 0. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byffeld. Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cable, J. E. 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caldwell. CD. 
Caldwell, Mrs. F. C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan L T . 
Cameron, John M. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur Royce 
Campbell, Deiwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, 0. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George Sturges 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Can-, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carton. Alfred T. 
Can, r , Dr. Eugene 
Can', Dr. FTank 
Case, Elmer G. 
Casey, Mrs. James J. 
Casselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 
Casseis, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 

116 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Cates, Dudley 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chadwick, Charles H. 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chappell, Mrs. Charles H. 
Chase, Frank D. 
Cheever, Mrs. Arline V. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chisholm, George D. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Miss Dorothy S. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Dr. Peter S. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Fred L. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clas, Miss Mary Louise 
Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, F. J. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Cochran, John L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W., Jr. 
Coleman, William Ogden 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collis, Harry J. 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
Cook, Mrs. Wallace L. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 

Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart, Jr. 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cormack, Charles V. 
Cornell, John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Counselman, Mrs. 

Jennie E. 
Courvoisier, Dr. Earl A. 
Cox, Mrs. Howard M. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Cratty, Mrs. Josiah 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cross, Henry H. 
Crowder, Dr. Thomas R. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Culbertson, Dr. Carey 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, Mrs. 

Howard J. 
Cunningham, John T. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin Guthrie, 

Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John F. 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutting, Charles S. 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Dakin, Dr. Frank C. 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dammann, J. F. 
D'Ancona, Edward N. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Daniels, H. L. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Danz, Charles A. 
Darrow, William W. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce C. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 
Alexander L. 

Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Da vies, Marshall 
Davis, Abel 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, Brode B. 
Davis, C . S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Fred M. 
Davis, James 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. Nathan S., Ill 
Davis, Ralph 
Dawes, E. L. 
DeAcres, Clyde H. 
Deagan, John C. 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
DeDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLee, Dr. Joseph B. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Dent, George C. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dewes, Rudolph Peter 
Dewey, Albert B., Sr. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. W. 

Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 
Dillon, Miss Hester May 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, William Warren 
Dobson, George 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donahue, William J. 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelley, Mrs. R. R. 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, W. A. 
Dreiske, George J. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 
Dyche, William A. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Mrs. B. A. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, H. G. 
Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eiger, Oscar S. 
Eiselen, Dr. Frederick 

Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, Mrs. 

William N. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Max 
Elcock, Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Elliot, Mrs. Frank M. 
Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 

Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Engel, E. J. 

Engelhard, Benjamin M. 
Engwall, John F. 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericson, Melvin Burton 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Albert 

Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Hon. Evan A. 
Ewell, C. D. 
Ewen, William R. T. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fahrenwald, Frank A. 
Fahrney, Emery H. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feigenheimer, Herman 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Ferguson, William H. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Fetch er, Edwin S. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filek, August 
Finley, Max H. 
Finn, Joseph M. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Isaac 

Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, George P. 
Fisher, Hon. Harry M. 
Fisher, Walter L. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Flexner, Washington 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. G. E. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Follansbee, Mitchell D. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Foote, Peter 

Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Foresman, Mrs. W. Coates 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foster, Mrs. William C. 
Fowler, Miss Elizabeth 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. Lester 

E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freeman, Walter W. 
Freer, Archibald E. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Freund, Charles E. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedlund, Mrs. J. Arthur 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
Friedman, Oscar J. 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frisbie, Chauncey 0. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

118 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Fuller, Mrs. Charles 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, Judson M. 
Fuller, Leroy W. 
Furry, William S. 
Furst, Eduard A. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Charles 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gale, Henry G. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Vincent G. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Galvin, William A. 
Gann, David B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garard, Elzy A. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garner, Harry J. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Fred Elbert 
Gately, Ralph M. 
Gawne, Miss Clara J. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
George, Fred W. 
Gerding, R. W. 
Geringer, Charles M. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerrity, Thomas 
Gerts, Walter S. 
Gettelman, Mrs. Sidney H. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Dr. John Phillip 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Giffert, Mrs. William 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gillman, Morris 
Gillson, Louis K. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glaser, Edward L. 

Glasgow, H. A. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glenn, Mrs. J. M. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodkind, Dr. Maurice L. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs.HerbertE. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodrow, William 
Goodwin, Hon. Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorham, Sidney Smith 
Gorman, George E. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Grady, Dr. Grover Q. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Alfred 
Grant, Alexander R. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Gray, Mrs. Charles W. 
Gray, Rev. James M. 
Green, J. B. 

Green, Miss Mary Pomeroy 
Green, Robert D. 
Green, Zola C. 
Greenberg, Andrew H. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Carl D. 
Greenebaum, James E. 
Greenebaum, M. E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, James A. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Clifford V. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Grey, Charles F. 

Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Grey, Howard G. 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Melvin L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths; George W. 
Grimm, Walter H. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Dr. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gulbransen, Axel G. 
Gulick, John H. 
Gundlach, Ernest T. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Haas, Dr. Raoul R. 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Haggard, John D. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hall, David W. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Charles H. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamilton, Thomas B. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Edward F. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammitt, Miss Frances M. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Hanley, Henry L. 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, Charles F., Jr. 
Harding, George F. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harker, H. L. 
Harms, John V. D. 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Miss Martha E. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. 0. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwell, Fred G. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Harvey, Hillman H. 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haugan, Charles M. 
Haugan, Oscar H. 
Havens, Samuel M. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Healy, Mrs. Marquette A. 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heberlein, Miss 

Amanda F. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemmens, Mrs. Walter P. 

Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herrick, Walter D. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Hess, Mrs. Charles Wilbur 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Heyworth, Mrs. James 0. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higgins, John W. 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Lysander 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hillis, Dr. David S. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hindman, Biscoe 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hinton, E. W. 
Hintz, John C. 
Hird, Frederick H. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Hiscox, Morton 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hoelscher, Herman M. 
Hoffman, Glen T. 
Hoffmann, Miss Caroline 

Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Frank 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hohman, Dr. E. H. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 

Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honnold, Dr. Fred C. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Horan, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William W. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. Maurice 

L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hosmer, Philip B. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Harold A. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Arthur 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 
Howse, Richard 
Hoyne, Frank G. 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hoyt, Frederick T. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Mrs. H. Newton 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Hudson, William E. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Charles 

Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hultgen, Dr. Jacob F. 
Hume, John T. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 

120 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Huston, W. L. 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, John W. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hynes, Rev. J. A. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Louis G. 
Jacobs, Siegfried T. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaeger, George J., Jr. 
Jaffe, Dr. Richard 

Jaffray, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
James, Edward P. 
James, William R. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jar chow, Charles C. 
Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 
Jefferies, F. L. 
Jeffery, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jenks, William Shippen 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Albert M. 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Isaac Horton 
Johnson, Joseph F. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 

Johnson, Ulysses G. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Johnstone, Dr. A. Ralph 
Johnstone, George A. 
Johnstone, Dr. Mary 

Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, G. Herbert 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Warren G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, David G. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judah, Noble Brandon 
Judah, Mrs. Noble 

Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, Gus 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karpen, Adolph 
Karpen, Michael 
Kaspar, Otto 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kavanagh, Maurice F. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keehn, Mrs. Theodore 

C. L. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kellogg, Mrs. M. G. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, James J. 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 

Kennedy, Miss Leonore 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Trude 
Kersey, Glen B. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kilbourne, L. B. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene 

Kimbark, John R. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinney, Mrs. Minnie B. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kircher, Rev. Julius 
Kirchheimer, Max 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Klink, A. F. 
Knox, Harry S. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Komiss, David S. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, William P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Krause, John J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Kritchevsky, Dr. Wolff 
Kroehl, Howard 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krueger, Leopold A. 
Krutckoff, Charles 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
LaGuske, Mrs. Chester 
Lampert, Mrs. Lydia 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lamson, W. A. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lang, Mrs. W. J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langenbach, Mrs. Alice R. 
Langhorne, George Tayloe 
Langland, James 
Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larson, Bror O. 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauritzen, CM. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, A. J. 
Lawson, Mrs. Iver N. 
Lawton, Frank W. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Learned, Edwin J. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lebensohn, Dr. Mayer H. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 

Lefens, Walter C. 

Lehmann, Miss 
Augusta E. 

Leichenko, Peter M. 

Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 

Leistner, Oscar 

Leland, Miss Alice J. 

LeMoon, A. R. 

Lenz, J. Mayo 

Leonard, Arthur G. 

Leonard, Arthur T. 

Leopold, Foreman N. 

Leslie, John H. 

Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 

Levan, Rev. Thomas F. 

Leverone, Louis E. 

Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 

Levitan, Benjamin 

Levitetz, Nathan 

Levy, Alexander M. 

Levy, Arthur G. 

Lewis, David R. 

Lewy, Dr. Alfred 

Libby, Mrs. C. P. 

Liebman, A. J. 

Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 

Lillie, Frank R. 

Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 

Linden, John A. 

Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lindholm, Charles V. 
Lindley, Mrs. Arthur F. 
Lindquist, J. E. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Linton, Ben B. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. John T. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Edward W. 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loesch, Frank J. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, John I. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 

Louer, Albert S. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lownik, Dr. Felix J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Luehr, Dr. Edward 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lutter, Henry J. 
Lydon, Mrs. William A. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lyford, Will H. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 
Lyon, Frank R. 
Lyon, Mrs. Thomas R. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacCardle, H. B. 
MacDonald, E. K. 
MacDougal, Mrs. T. W. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magill, Henry P. 
Magill, Robert M. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnus, August C. 
Magwire, Mrs. Mary F. 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 
Mandel, Mrs. Frederick L. 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Mandl, Sidney 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Manson, David 
Mansure, Edmund L. 
Marcus, Maurice S. 
Marhoefer, Edward H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquis, A. N. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 

122 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Mrs. David 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McClellan, Dr. John H. 
McCluer, William 

McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, L. Hamilton 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, Robert 

H., Jr. 
McCoy, Herbert N. 
McCraken, Miss Willietta 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGarry, John A. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
McHugh, Mrs. Grover 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McKay, James M. 
McKeever, Buell 

McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLaury, Mrs. C. W. 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McLennan, Mrs. John A. 
McMenemy, L. T. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melchione, Joseph 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrill, Henry S. 
Merrill, James S. 
Merrill, William W. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Metzel, Mrs. Albert J. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Albert 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Oscar 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyer, William 
Meyercord, George R. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhening, Joseph 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, R. T. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, Mrs. Walter H. 
Miller, William E. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Fred L. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Miner, Dr. Carl 
Miner, H. J. 
Minotto, Mrs. James 
Mitchell, Charles D. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Mrs. John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 

Moeng, Mrs. Edward D. 
Moffatt, Mrs. 

Elizabeth M. 
Mohr, Edward 
Mohr, William J. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Molloy, David J. 
Moltz, Mrs. Alice 
Monaghan, Thomas H. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
More, Roland R. 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. 

Kendrick E. 
Morrill, Nahum 
Morris, Edward H. 
Morris, Eugene C. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Mortenson, Mrs. Jacob 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulholand, William H. 
Murphy, John P. V. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. George H. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Nash, Charles J. 
Nason, Albert J. 
Nathan, Claude 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Naugle, Mrs. Archibald 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Miss Carrie Blair 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Edward A. 
Nelson, Murry 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Nils A. 
Nelson, Mrs. Oliver R. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Nichols, George P. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. George 

R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nichols, Warren 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Orlando 
Noelle, Joseph B. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcross, Frederic F. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norris, Mrs. William W. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. Carl B. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
Odell, William R. 
O'Donnell, Miss Rose 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Gene G. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olson, Gustaf 
Omo, Don L. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 

Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Oppenheimer, Julius 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Eleanor N. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Charles S. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Lucius J. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Raymond 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Otis, Mrs. Xavier L. 
Ouska, John A. 
Owings, Mrs.Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page-Wood, Gerald 
Pagin, Mrs. Frank S. 
Palmer, Percival B. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Annette A. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Patrick, Miss Catherine 
Patrick, Dr. Hugh T. 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Payne, Professor James 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peet, Fred N. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
Peltier, M. F. 

PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Nelson 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peterkin, Daniel 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Mrs. Anna J. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillip, Peter 
Phillips, Herbert Morrow 
Picher, Mrs. Oliver S. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, George 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plunkett, William H. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollock, Dr. Harry L. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pond, Irving K. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Pool, Mrs. W. Cloyd 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 
Pope, Frank 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H., Jr. 
Porter, James F. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Post, Gordon W. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Powell, Mrs. Ambrose V. 

124 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Powell, Isaac N. 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Prussing, Mrs. George C. 
Psota, Dr. Frank J. 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Pusey, Dr. William Allen 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Quigley, William J. 
Quinlan, Dr. William W. 

Raber, Franklin 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Randall, Charles P. 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Randle, Guy D. 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rasmussen, George 
Ray, Hal. S. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redington, F. B. 
Redington, Mrs. W. H. 
Reed, Mrs. Kersey Coates 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reeve, Frederick E. 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reiter, Joseph J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. Henry J. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, George L. 
Rice, Laurence A. 

Rich, Edward P. 
Rich, Elmer 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ricketts, C. Lindsay 
Riddle, Herbert H. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Ridgway, William 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Ries, Dr. Emil 
Rieser, Mrs. Herman 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Rigney, William T. 
Rinder, E. W. 
Ring, Miss Mary E. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roach, Charles H. 
Robbins, Percy A. 
Roberts, Clark T. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Dr. S. M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William Munsell 
Robinson, Mrs. Milton E. 
Robson, Mrs. Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Rockwell, Harold H. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Roehling, C. E. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Bernard F., Jr. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Roloson, Robert M. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, William M. 
Rosenthal, James 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Charles S. 
Ross, Robert C. 

Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Rothschild, Maurice L. 
Rothschild, Melville N. 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rowe, Edgar C. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubel, Dr. Maurice 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubovits, Toby 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Rueckheim, F. W. 
Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruel, John G. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Henry B. 
Ryerson, Donald M. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Edward L. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauer, William A. 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sauter, Leonard J. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schaffer, Dr. David N. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Scheunemann, Robert G. 
Schlake, William 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schmitz, Nicholas J. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman, A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schulze, William 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel 

J., Jr. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Frank H. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Seaman, George M. 
Seames, Mrs. Charles 0. 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaver, Andrew E. 
Seaverns, George A. 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. G. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, J. T. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Sennekohl, Mrs. A. C. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Howard 
Shaw, Theodore A. 
Sheehy, Edward 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. Francis 

C, Sr. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 

Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 

Shockey, Mrs. Willis G. 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Shumway, P. R. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simonek, Dr. B. K. 
Sincere, Benjamin E. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace Powell 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Slocum, J. E. 
Smith, Mrs. C. R. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Jesse E. 
Smith, Mrs. Katherine 

Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Sidney 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Bourne 
Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Edgar M. 
Snow, Fred A. 
Socrates, Nicholas 
Solem, Dr. George 0. 
Sonnenschein, Edward 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Soper, Henry M. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Mae 0. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 

Spitzglass, Mrs. 

Leonard M. 
Spohn, John F. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Springer, Mrs. Samuel 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stanton, Edgar 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steffens, Ralph Sutherland 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Maurice S. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, James W. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevens, R. G. 
Stevenson, Dr. 

Alexander F. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss Agnes 

Stewart, Miss Eglantine 

Stewart, James S. 
Stewart, Miss Mercedes 

Stibolt, Mrs. Carl B. 
Stiger, Charles W. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Stockton, Miss Josephine 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Strandberg, Erik P. 
Straus, David 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Straus, S. J. T. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Henry X. 
Strauss, John L. 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strobel, Charles L. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 

126 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Strong, Edmund H. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sturges, Hollister 
Sturges, Solomon 
Sturtevant, Henry D. 
Suekoff, Louis A. 
Sullivan, Hon. John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swan, Oscar H. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Alden B. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, John H. 
Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tarrant, Robert 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Charles C. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, J. H. 
Teagle, E. W. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Edward H. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Mrs. Harry L. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Charles E. 
Thompson, Charles F. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thompson, Mrs. Leverett 
Thome, Hallett W. 
Thome, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tighe, Mrs. Bryan G. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 

Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towle, Leroy C. 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Trainer, J. Milton 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Tredwell, John 
Trench, Mrs. Daniel G. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Raymond W. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
Tucker, S. A. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Dr. B. S. 
Turner, Tracy L. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuttle, F. B. 
Tuttle, Henry Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Albert S. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 
Tyrrell, Mrs. Percy 

Uhlmann, Fred 
Ullman, Mrs. N. J. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDeventer, Christopher 
VanNess, Gardiner B. 
VanSchaick, Gerard 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vaughan, Leonard H. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Mrs. Henry 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, Miss Mary M. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Victor, Mrs. Jessie K. 
Vierling, Louis 
Vincent, Mrs. William 

Volicas, Dr. John N. 
Volk, Mrs. John H. 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

VonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Vopicka, Charles J. 

Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Dr. G. W. 
Wagner, John E. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Robert Y. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, H. P. 
Waller, J. Alexander 
Waller, Mrs. James B. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Ware, Mrs. Charles W. 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, J. Latham 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warwick, W. E. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Wean, Frank L. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Webb, George D. 
Webb, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Weber, Bernard F. 
Weber, Frank C. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Dr. Ralph W. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 
Wentworth, Mrs. Moses J. 
Werner, Frank A. 
West, J. Roy 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Wettling, Louis E. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Harold F. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, James E. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, J. H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitlock, William A. 
Wiborg, Frank B. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. T. E. 

Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Dr. A. 

Williams, Miss 

Anna P. 
Williams, Harry Lee 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Lucian M. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Wilms, Herman P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert 

Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. 

Francis M. 
Woley, Dr. Harry P. 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Henry M. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolff, Louis 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 

Wood, Mrs. Harold F. 
Wood, John G. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Wormser, Leo F. 
Worth, Miss Helen E. 
Wrenn, Mrs. Everts 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wunderle, H. O. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer 
Zeisler, Mrs. Erwin P. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmer, Mrs. 
Rudolph E. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zork, David 
Zulfer, P. M. 

Bass, Mrs. Perkins 
Becker, Leon V. 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 
Buzzell, Edgar A. 

Chapin, Homer C. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Cromwell, George 0. 
Curtis, John F. L. 

Davies, Warren T. 
Deutsch, Joseph 
Dickinson, Theodore 

Falk, Lester L. 
Foreman, Oscar G. 
Freund, I. H. 

Deceased, 1933 

Gates, Philetus W. 
Green, Dr. Raphael B. 

Harbison, L. C. 
Heckendorf, R. A. 
Howes, Frank M. 

Jackson, Arthur S. 
Johnson, Alfred 
Jones, Fred B. 

Krohmer, William F. 

Lindenberg, Albert 
Llewellyn, Mrs. S. J. 
Louderback, William J., 

Lyman, Thomas T. 

Meyer, Abraham 
Mohr, Albert 

Norton, Mrs. 0. W. 

Randle, Hanson F. 
Richter, Bruno 

Stein, Samuel M. 
Stevens, Raymond W. 

Wagner, Mrs. Mary G. 
Ware, Mrs. Lyman 
Withers, Allen L. 

128 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 
Day, Mrs. Winfield S. 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 
Stevens, Edmund W. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 

Bender, Daniel H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 

Challenger, Mrs. Agnes 
Chapman, Mrs. Doris L. 
Clark, Lincoln R. 
Cogswell, Elmer R. 
Cohen, Louis 
Curtis, Benjamin J. 

Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Dickey, William E. 
Dowdle, John J. 
Dunn, Samuel O. 

Eddy, Mrs. Augustus W. 

Friestedt, Mrs. 
Herman F. 

Gifford, Mrs. Frederick C. 
Gooder, Seth MacDonald 

Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Greene, Henry E. 

Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Howard, Mrs. Elmer A. 

Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Kopp, Gustave 
Kraus, Samuel B. 

Lathrop, Mrs. Bryan 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 

Mautner, Leo A. 
Merrell, John H. 
Moeling, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
Mulligan, George F. 

Deceased, 1933 

Welter, John N. 

Newhouse, Karl 
Noble, Samuel R. 

Odell, William R., Jr. 
Orr, Thomas C. 

Portman, Mrs. Edward C. 
Prentice, John K. 
Press, Mrs. Jacob H. 

Rosenthal, Benjamin J. 
Rothschild, Justin 

Seelen, Mark B. 
Shaw, E. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Swiecinski, Walter 

Titzel, Dr. W. R. 

Voorhees, H. Belin 

Walker, Samuel J. 
Wright, H. K. 

Young, Mrs. Caryl B. 


Those who contribute $1 annually to the Museum 

Abbott, Edwin H. 
Abel, Miss Minnie 
Abt, Dr. Isaac A. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Jr. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. George 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Addams, Miss Jane 
Agar, Mrs. William Grant 
Alden, William T. 
Aldrich, Frederick C. 

Alessio, Frank 
Alexander, Mrs. H. G. B. 
Alexander, Harry T. 
Allen, C. W. 
Allen, John D. 
Allen, 0. T. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Alschuler, Hon. Samuel 
Alt, George E. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, J. Ward 

Amberg, Miss Mary Agnes 
Amory, W. Austin 
Andersen, Miss Randi 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Arch W. 
Anderson, David G. 
Anderson, Miss Esther T. 
Ankrum, Mrs. E. W. 
Anoff, Isador S. 
Anthony, Charles E. 
Anthony, Joseph R. 
Arnold, Francis M. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Arnold, George G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H. 
Atkinson, Mrs. A. L. C. 
Atwell, W. C. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Avery, George J. 
Axelson, Charles F. 
Ayers, William L. 

Bacon, Dr. Charles S. 
Bader, Miss Madelyn M. 
Baker, CM. 
Baker, G. W. 
Balderston, Mrs. 

Stephen V. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banning, Samuel W. 
Barber, Mrs. F. L. 
Bargquist, Miss Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barlow, Henry H. 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barrett, Mrs. A. M. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, M. J. P. 
Bartholomay , William, Jr. 
Bartholomew, Mrs. F. H. 
Bartlett, Charles C. 
Barton, L. R. 
Baumann, Mrs. F. O. 
Baxter, John E. 
Beach, Calvin B. 
Bean, Edward H. 
Becker, Mrs. Herbert W. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beidler, Augustus F. 
Beifus, Morris 
Bell, George Irving 
Bell, Hayden N. 
Bennett, Edward H. 
Bennett, Mrs. Reid M. 
Bennington, Harold 
Benson, Mrs. T. R. 
Bentley, Richard 
Berg, Sigard E. 
Berger, Edward A. 
Berger, Dr. John M. 
Berger, R. 0. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Berlizheimer, Miss Lily A. 
Bestel, Oliver A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Billig, Mrs. George W. 

Birkenstein, Louis 
Bishop, Mrs. W. H. 
Black, Alfred B. 
Black, Herman 
Black, Peter M. 
Blackburn, Burr 
Blair, Mrs. Henry A. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Blocki, Mrs. Fred W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Blue, John 
Bobb, Dwight S. 
Boberg, Niels 
Bohner, William F. 
Bomberger, Mrs. 

Louden L. 
Bond, William A. 
Boone, Arthur 
Borcherding, E. P. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bournique, Alvar L. 
Bowen, Joseph T., Jr. 
Bowes, William R. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Mrs. E. B. 
Boyd, Joseph K. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Brachvogel, Mrs. 

Bradford, Frederick H. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Brainerd, Mrs. David E. 
Brandenburg, Mrs. 0. H. 
Brant, Melburn 
Brashears, J. W. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Bremner, Dr. M. 

David K. 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brewer, Edward H. 
Brewster, William E. 
Brodt, Irwin W. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Broome, Mrs. Thornhill 
Broomell, Chester C. 
Brower, Jule F. 
Brown, Alvia K. 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, Gerard S. 
Brown, H. A. 
Brown, H. S. 
Brown, J. D. 
Brown, Mrs. W. Gray 
Brown, William A. 
Browne, Theodore C. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruhnke, A. C. 
Brumley, Daniel Joseph 
Brunker, A. R. 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryan, H. H. 

Buchbinder, Dr. J. R. 
Buchen, Walther 
Buck, Nelson Earl 
Buck, Mrs. 0. J. 
Buckingham, Mrs. John 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Buell, Mrs. Charles C. 
Buell, James H. 
Buhlig, Paul 
Buhrke, Alfred E. 
Bullard, Sellar 
Bunck, Edward C. 
Bunnell, John A. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Bunting, Guy J. 
Bunts, Frederick W. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burkhardt, Charles E. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burnham, Daniel H. 
Burnham, Hubert 
Burns, Mrs. John S. 
Burridge, Mrs. Howard J. 
Burrows, Miss Louisa L. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Mrs. Gerald M. 
Butler, Mrs. Lloyd E. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Cahill, William A. 
Cain, G. R. 
Caine, John F. 
Callahan, Mrs. A. F. 
Cammack, Herbert M. 
Camp, Benjamin B. 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Campbell, Robert W. 
Campe, Frank 0. 
Canavan, J. Newell 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carnahan, Mrs. Glen C. 
Carpenter, F. D. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, Dr. James G. 
Carr, John 0. 
Carrington, Edmund 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Carter, John A., Jr. 
Cassady, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, Sydney 
Caswell, Mrs. A. B. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, George M. 

130 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chelius, Joseph F. 
Cherry, Mrs. Walter L. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Childs, Theron W. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Clague, Mrs. Stanley, Sr. 
Claney, Miss M. T. 
Clark C. P. 
Clark! Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Clayton, Mrs. 

Anna G. 
Clements, Rev. 

Clemer, J. H. 
Cleveland, Mrs. A. F. 
Clifford, Thomas B. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. 0. 
Cochrane, Mrs. A. B. 
Coe, Frank Gait 
Coen, T. M. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Coffman, A. B. 
Cohen, A. E. 
Cole, Lawrence A. 
Coleman, Mrs. 

Adelbert E. 
Coleman, Algernon 
Coleman, B. R. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Charles W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, Dr. Lorin C. 
Collins, Dr. Rufus G. 
Collison, E. K. 
Condit, Mrs. J. S. 
Condon, Thomas J. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Converse, Earl M. 
Cook, Mrs. Chester A. 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Paul W. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Coon, Robert E. 
Cooper, Mrs. Henry N. 
Coppel, Mrs. Charles H. 
Corbin, Mrs. Dana 
Cornwell, W. H. 
Corper, Erwin 
Cottell, Miss Louisa 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cozzens, Mrs. Frederick B. 
Craddock, John F. 
Cramer, Mrs. Ambrose 
Cramer, S. B. 
Crawford, Adam W. 

Crellin, Miss Mary F. 
Crosby, Mrs. Frederick W. 
Culbertson, Mrs. 

James A. 
Culley, Mrs. A. B. 
Culp, Miss Mary V. 
Cuneo, Frank 
Cunningham, Robert 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curtis, D. C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cuscadin, Fred A. 

Dahle, Isak 
Daiches, Eli 
Dalmar, Hugo 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Date, Mrs. S. S. 
David, Sidney S. 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davies, William B. 
Davis, Alexander M. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Mrs. R. M. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Dean, William D. 
Deane, Ruthven 
Deans, Mrs. Herbert 

G. P. 
DeBarry, CD. 
DeBere, Dr. C. J. 
Decker, Hiram E. 
Defrees, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Degener, August W. 
Degenhardt, Dr. Edgar 
DeGerald, Hartley 
Deimel, Mrs. Jerome L. 
Deininger, Mrs. D. M. 
DeLamarter, Mrs. Eric 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deneen, Robert J. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denison, John W. 
Dennis, Willard P. 
DePeyster, Frederic A. 
Deree, William S. 
Derham, John A. 
Dering, Mrs. Edith S. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Anna C. 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodds, Roland P. 
Doering, Mrs. Edmund 

J., Jr. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Dorney, Rev. Maurice A. 
Dosch, Henry C. 

Draper, James 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Drielsma, I. J. 
Drinkall, Dr. Earl J. 
Drymalski, Paul 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, W. S. 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Durr, Mrs. Herbert A. 

Easter, Adolph H. 
Egloff, Gustav 
Ehrmann, Dr. Fred J. E. 
Eich, John William 
Eisendrath, Miss 

Elsa B. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elich, Mrs. Herman 
Ellbogen, Mrs. Max 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Francke C. 
Elmslie, George G. 
Elting, Victor 
Emerson, R. W. 
Emig, Howard A. 
Engelhart, Frank C. 
Englander, Mrs. 

Marcelite S. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Epstein, Mrs. Arnold 
Erd, Arthur A. 
Erickson, Elmer 
Erickson, H. E. 
Erickson, Samuel E. 
Erminger, Mrs. H. B., Jr. 
Espenshade, Mrs. E. B. 
Estes, Clarence E. 
Ettelson, Samuel A. 
Eulass, Elmer A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Everett, Edward W. 
Ewing, Davis 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
William J. 
Farrier, Clarence W. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Edward P. 
Farwell, Stanley P. 
Faulkner, Dr. Louis 
Felsenthal, Herman 
Fenton, J. R. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Field, Heman H. 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Findlay, Dr. Ephraim K. 
Fitch, Thomas 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. T. F. 
Flanagan, William C. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Fleming, Edward J. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Floreen, Mrs. Adolph R. 
Flynn, M. J. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Foley, Mrs. John Burton 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Forrest, Maulsby 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Forsyth, Dr. Edna M. 
Fortune, John L. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Harold A. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Hugo E. 
Fox, Professor Philip 
Foy, John J. 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Miss Margaret 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freehof, Dr. Solomon B. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dr. Thomas M. 
Freund, Erwin 0. 
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton 
Frieder, Edward N. 
Friedrichs, Mrs. Edith E. 
Friend, Oscar F. 
Fuller, Mrs. Eugene W. 
Fuller, Dr. George 

Gable, Harley 0. 
Gale, Abram 
Gallauer, Carl 
Galvin, Joseph X. 
Gano, David R. 
Gardner, Robert H. 
Gates, Philip R. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Getts, Henry L. 
Gibbs, William J. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Joseph R. 
Gilchrist, Miss Harriet F. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
Gilkes, William H. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladish, David F. 
Gleason, Mrs. M. B. 
Gledhill, Edward 
Glover, John 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goble, Mrs. E. R. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Godfrey, Joseph, Jr. 
Goldberg, Mrs. Sol. H. 
Goldfield, Dr. Bernard 
Goldie, George G. 

Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goodell, Mrs. Charles E. 
Goodkind, Mrs. A. L. 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gould, George W. 
Gowenlock, Mrs. T. R. 
Gramm, Dr. Carl T. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graver, Philip S. 
Graves, Mrs. B. C. 
Graves, Mrs. George E. 
Gray, William A. 
Gray, Mrs. William S. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenebaum, Mrs. Esther 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John Wyatt 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Grein, Joseph 
Grey, Newton F. 
Griffin, Mrs. J. J. 
Griffith, Mrs. G. H. 
Grimmer, Dr. A. H. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Guilliams, John R. 
Guinan, James J. 
Gunderson, Mrs. 

George 0. 
Gunkel, George F. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 

Haas, Adolph R. 
Hagen, Roland V. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, J. M. 
Hall, Louis W. 
Hamblen, J. C. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Chester F. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, J. R. 
Hamline, Mrs. 

John H. 
Hammond, Mrs. I. L. 
Haney, Mrs. S. C. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Adolph H. 
Hanson, August E. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Harbecke, H. H. 
Harding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Hardy, Henry G. 
Hare, Howard B. 
Harmon, Hubert P. 

Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
PTarrigan, E. J. 
Harriman, Frank B. 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harrison, Edward R. 
Harrison, William H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, Robert H. 
Hart, Mrs. Walter H. 
Hartigan, Clare 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Haskell, L. A. 
Haskins, Mrs. Virginia W. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. 

John J. 
Hausler, Mrs. M., Jr. 
Hauter, Mrs. A. N. 
Haven, Mrs. Alfred C. 
Hawkins, Frank P. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Healy, John J. 
Hebel, Hon. Oscar 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heg, Ernest 
Heide, Bernard H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helebrandt, Louis 
Heller, Ward 
Hemington, Dr. Francis 
Henderson, B. E. 
Hendrickson, Magnus 
Henning, Charles F. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, C. Duff 
Henschen, Henry S. 
Herlihy, Frank J. 
Hertz, Mrs. John D. 
Hertzberg, Edward 
Hess, Edward J. 
Hess, Mrs. J. H. 
Hess, Sol H. 
Hessler, John B. 
Heubach, Mrs. Lydia 
Heym, Dr. A. 
Heymann, L. H. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
High, Mrs. George H. 
High, Shirley T. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Frank L. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilliker, Miss Ray 
Hills, Edward R. 
Hilpert, Willis S. 

132 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. X 

Hilton, Henry H. 
Hirsch, Dr. Edwin F. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hiter, Frank A. 
Hoadley, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hochstadter, Gustav 
Hodge, Thomas P. 
Hoff, C. W. 
Holabird, John A. 
Holden, Charles R. 
Hollingsworth, Dr. E. W. 
Holm, Gottfried 
Holman, Alfred L. 
Holman, Scott A. 
Holmes, Thomas J. 
Holt, Mrs. Arthur E. 
Holt, James A. 
Holt, McPherson 
Holter, Charles C. 
Honecker, Ralph H. 
Hood, George A. 
Hooge, Dr. Ludwig F. 
Hoover, Mrs. Frank K. 
Hopkins, James M., Jr. 
Horween, Ralph 
Howe, Irwin M. 
Howland, Mrs. Elvin W. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hoyt, William M., II 
Hubachek, Frank Brookes 
Hubbell, Mrs. Pearl 

Hubbell, William J. 
Huebsch, Mrs. Helen M. 
Huenink, H. L. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huff acker, Mrs. 

O'Bannon L. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Hughes, George A. 
Hughes, W. V. 
Hughitt, Mrs. Marvin 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hurd, Harry B. 
Hurley, Frank J. 
Hutchinson, Mrs. C. L. 
Hyatt, R. C. 
Hymers, Mrs. Edward 
Hyndman, Mrs. A. H. 
Hyslop, Dr. R. J. 

Ibsen, Mrs. Norman 
Illian, Arthur J. G. 
Iralson, Mrs. Moses 
Irwin, Amory T. 
Isaacs, Michael H. 

Jaburg, Mrs. John 
Jackson, Howard K. 
Jackson, Mrs. Pleda H. 
Jackson, R. W. 

Jackson, W. H. 
Jackson, William F. 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobson, Egbert G. 
Jacobus, Graham B. 
James, Dr. R. L. 
Jamieson, Norman R. 
Janata, Louis J. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jeffers, Roy S. 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, S. C. 
Jernberg, Carl L. 
Jewell, Miss Helen M. 
Jewett, Mrs. George C. 
Jewett, Miss Josephine J. 
Johnson, B. W. 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Frank 
Johnson, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Johnson, Oliver W. 
Johnson, Mrs. Perry R. 
Johnson, Mrs. W. B. 
Johnston, Ira B. 
Johnstone, Mrs. Bruce 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, Homer D., Jr. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jordan, J. S. 
Jourdan, Al 
Joy, James A. 
Judson, Clay 
Junker, Richard A. 

Kaempfer, F. W., Jr. 
Kaempfer, Fred 
Kalbfell, Conrad J. 
Kanavel, Dr. Allen B. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, Michael V. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Karger, Mrs. Samuel I. 
Karpen, Solomon 
Kaufmann, Dr. Gustav L. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Keene, William J. 
Keig, Marshall E. 
Kelley, Gordon P. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, Joseph J. 
Kelly, William P. 
Kenly, Mrs. William K. 
Kennedy, David E. 
Kennedy, Mrs. Edward A. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kent, Henry R. 
Keplinger, W. A. 

Kerr, Mrs. Alexander M. 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Keyser, Charles F. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kindsvogel, W. G. 
King, Mrs. Calvin P. 
King, David E. 
King, Mrs. Nelora S. 
King, Mrs. W. H. 
Kircher, Mrs. J. G. 
Kirkpatrick, Donald 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Fred W. 
Kleinschmidt, Edward 
Klotz, Edward C. 
Klugh, Paul B. 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knobbe, John W. 
Knoke, Mrs. Clara P. 
Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Kobin, Mrs. William C. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Koenig, Otto N. 
Koepke, Frank J. 
Kohl, Clarence E. 
Kohn, Mrs. Caroline H. 
Kohn, Mrs. Frances J. 
Kohout, Joseph, Jr. 
Kolstad, Odin T. 
Kort, George 
Kraft, John H. 
Kraft, Dr. Oscar H. 
Krebs, Charles E. 
Kreusser, Mrs. O. T. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kunstadter, Sigmund 
Kuppenheimer, Mrs. 

Ladd, George D. 
Laemmle, Mrs. Louis 
Lafean, W. L. 
Laflin, Charles W. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Mrs. R. C. 
Lalley, Henry J. 
Landes, Mrs. Herbert 

Langdon, Buel A. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Lantry, Thomas B. 
Laramore, Florian Eugene 
Larsen,.Gustave R. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lashinsky, Nathan N. 
Lathrop, Frederick A. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawson, Miss Mary J. 
Lawton, Samuel T. 
Lazear, Dr. Davies 
Lazelle, L. L. 
Leal, Miss Rose B. 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Lee, Edward T. 
Lee, Mrs. W. George 
Leigh, Maurice 
Leitzell, Mrs. Samuel N. 
Leonard, Dr. Joseph M. 
LeSage, Rev. John J. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Letter mann, A. L. 
Levett, Dr. John 
Levin, Louis 
Levis, John M. 
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K. 
LeWald, W. B. 
Lewis, Mrs. Harry G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liddle, Charles A. 
Lindley, Mrs. Fred W. 
Linkman, Louis B. 
Linn, Mrs. James W. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Llewellyn, Arthur J. 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lockwood, David W. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loehr, Karl C. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Logan, Frank G. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Lovett, Miss Alma J. 
Lowenthal, Leo B. 
Ludlam, Miss Bertha S. 
Lutz, J. George 
Lutzow, Fred H. 
Lydston, Mrs. G. Frank 

MacArthur, Fred V. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macfarlane, Wilbert E. 
MacFerran, Charles S. 
Mackenzie, Mrs. G. S. 
Mackworth, Mrs. 

Maclean, J. A. 
MacNeille, Mrs. C. T. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Malkov, David S. 
Maltman, James 
Manaster, Henry 
Mandel, Miss Florence 

Mandelbaum, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Manheimer, Arthur E. 
Manierre, John T. 
Mann, Howard 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marsh, John McWilliams 
Marshall, Raphael P. 
Marston, Mrs. T. B. 
Martin, Edward 
Martin, I. S. 
Martin, Mellen C. 
Mason, Mrs. George H. 
Massena, Roy 
Massmann, Frederick H. 
Mastin, Mrs. W. H. 
Mathews, Mrs. Shailer 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matz, Miss Ruth H. 
May, Mrs. George T., Jr. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
McAllister, M. Hall 
McArthur, Dr. Lewis L. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McCahey, James B. 
McClelland, Mrs. E. B. 
McClure, Donald 
McConnell, Mrs. H. A. 
McCormick, Alister H. 
McCormick, Miss 

Elizabeth D. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCulloch, Frank H. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGrath, George E. 
McGregor, James P. 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Roland 
Mcllvaine, Mrs. John H. 
McKay, Charles R. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKeever, Mrs. R. 

McLaughlin, Dr. JamesH. 
McMurray, Mrs. George 

McNair, Frank 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McShane, James E. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 

Mead, H. B. 
Mears, Grant S. 
Mechem, J. C. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Mehlhope, Clarence E. 
Meigs, James B. 
Messenger, Don E. 
Michaels, Joseph 
Milchrist, Frank T. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Charles J. 
Miller, Edward L. 
Miller, Henry G. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, Richard O. 
Mills, Mrs. William S. 
Millsaps, J. H. 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 
Moldenhauer, Dr. 

William J. 
Moment, Asher 
Monilaw, Dr. William J. 
Monk, George S. 
Montgomery, Mrs. F. H. 
Montgomery, John R. 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 
Moore, Frederick W. 
Moore, Mrs. J. W. 
Moore, Miss M. Eleanor 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Morgenthau, Mrs. 

Sidney L. 
Moroney, John J. 
Morris, Ira Nelson 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morton, Dr. Edward C. 
Moser, Paul 
Moss, Fred H. 
Mower, Mrs. Roswell C. 
Mowry, Robert D. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Mulford, Frank B. 
Mundie, Mrs. W. B. 
Murfey, E. T. R. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murray, Robert H. 
Myrland, A. L. 

Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Neal, Thomas C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nelson, Byron 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Nelson, Miss Minnie 

134 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Nelson, Dr. Ole C. 
Nelson, Mrs. W. R. 
Nergard, Edwin J. 
Nessler, Robert W. 
Nevins, John C. 
Newberry, Miss Mary L. 
Newman, Mrs. H. H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Niblack, Mrs. William C. 
Nichols, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Nicholson, Mrs. Frank G. 
Nickelson, S. T. 
Nickerson, J. F. 
Niles, W. A. 
Noble, F. H. 
Norman, Dan 
Norris, Eben H. 
Norris, James Dougan 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Ellery 
Notheis, Mrs. J. F. 
Noyes, Ernest H. 
Noyes, Mrs. John High 
Nugent, Dr. 0. B. 
Nutting, C. G. 
Nuyttens, Alfred A. 

O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, Mrs. Philip 

Oleson, Dr. Richard 

Olin, Edward L. 
Olin, Dr. Harry D. 
Oliver, G. F. 
Olmstead, Ralph W. 
Olmsted, Conway H. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olson, Hon. Harry 
Ormsby, Mrs. Frank E. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Outcault, Mrs. Richard 

F., Jr. 

Palmer, Robert F. 
Parker, George S. 
Parsons, Bruce 
Patch, Mrs. G. M. 
Patrick, Anthony M., 

Patterson, Mrs. Harry C. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Peacock, Charles D. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearson, F. J. 
Pencik, Miles F. 
Pentecost, Lewis J. 
Pepple, Mrs. Eloise D. 
Perryman, Mrs. Hattie S. 
Person, Peter P. 

Peters, G. M. 
Peterson, Dr. A. B. 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettersen, Fred A. 
Pfeiffer, Mrs. Jacob 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phillips, Howard C. 
Pickell, J. Ralph 
Pietsch, Walter G. 
Pigall, Mrs. Joseph S. 
Piper, Mrs. Walter F. 
Pitcher, Mrs. John C. 
Place, F. E. 
Plamondon, Alfred D. 
Plath, Karl 
Platner, John K. 
Plattenburg, S. R. 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Pollack, Meyer M. 
Potts, Mrs. W. G. 
Poust, Cassius 
Prindle, James H. 
Pringle, Mrs. James E. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritchard, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Prosser, H. G. 
Proxmire, Dr. Theodore 

Pulver, Henri Pierre 
Purrucker, Miss 

Louise M. 
Putnam, Rufus W. 
Puttkammer, Mrs. Ernst 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quarrie, William F. 
Quinlan, James T. 

Raim, Dr. William 
Raithel, Miss Luella 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, C. M. 
Randick, Miss Sara A. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rawlings, Mrs. I. D. 
Ray, Harry K. 
Raymond, Mrs. Cliffords. 
Rayner, Mrs. Arno P. 
Read, Mrs. J. J. 
Reay, William M. 
Redman, Sterling L. 
Reebie, Mrs. Arthur W. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Rufus M. 
Reed, T. J. 
Reed, Walter S. 
Reed, William P. 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 

Regensburg, James 
Reichmann, Albert F. 
Rein, Lester E. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Reuss, Mrs. Henry H. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Granville 
Rice, Joseph J. 
Rice, Mrs. Kenneth E. 
Rich, Kenneth F. 
Richards, James Donald 
Richardson, Henry R. 
Rick, Miss Florence 
Rickard, Mrs. Fay E. 
Riddell, Charles 
Riel, G. A. 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Roadifer, W. H. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Francis R. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rocca, Mrs. Pina 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Lester 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Rockwood, Frederick T. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Roe, Miss Carol F. 
Rolland, Frederick 

Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Roodhouse, Benjamin T. 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfels, Irwin S. 
Rosenfleld, Morris S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Roth, Lester 
Rowell, Dr. L. W. 
Rowles, E. W. A. 
Rowley, Clifford A. 
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 
Rozene, Arthur E. 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Rudolph, Miss Bertha 
Ruettinger, Mrs. J. C. 

Sachs, Paul J. 
Saggars, Wayne 
Salomon, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Saplitzky, Miss Bessie M. 
Sauermann, Otto 
Savage, Joseph P. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scallan, John William 
Schaar, Bernard E. 
Schad, Mrs. G. F. 

Jan. 1934 

Annual Report of the Director 


Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Scheel, Fred H. 
Scherer, Andrew 
Schermerhorn, Richard A. 
Schiff, Sydney K. 
Schmidt, Dr. Henry J. G. 
Schmidt, Dr. Otto L. 
Schmidt, Theodore 
Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Schneider, Dr. C. O. 
Schoeneck, Edward F. 
Schrader, Miss 

Harriet N. 
Schultz, Walter H. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwarz, August 
Schwarz, Dr. Leigh E. 
Schwede, Charles W. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schweitzer, Samuel 
Schweizer, Carl 
Schymanski, Mrs. Helen 
Scott, George H. 
Scott, Dr. Walter Dill 
Scudder, Mrs. 

Lawrence W. 
Scudder, W. M. 
Scully, Miss Florence E. 
Sears, Kenneth C. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Sellers, Mrs. O. R. 
Selz, Emanuel 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Senior, Mrs. John L. 
Seubold, Dr. F. H. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shaffer, Mrs. Norman P. 
Shanahan, David E. 
Shanks, Oscar 
Shanner, Robert B. 
Shapiro, J. F. 
Sharp, Mrs. W. L. 
Shaw, Mrs. A. W. 
Shaw, Mrs. J. G. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Shay, John B. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Shell, Mrs. James B. 
Shepard, Guy C. 
Sheridan, L. J. 
Sherman, Edwin 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Louis A. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, Balford Q. 
Shippey, Mrs. Charles W. 
Shiverick, Mrs. A. F. 
Shoemaker, W. H. 
Short, J. R. 

Shortall, John L. 
Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. E. H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sievers, William H. 
Silber, Clarence J. 
Silberman, Mrs. J. D. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Simmons, Mrs. Charles R. 
Simons, Mrs. George H. 
Simpson, C. G. 
Simpson, Walter H. 
Siqueland, T. A. 
Sjostrom, Otto A. 
Skog, Mrs. Ludvig 
Slade, John C. 
Slaney, J. C. 
Sleight, Miss Barbara H. 
Smeeth, Mrs. Edwin E. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Glen E. 
Smith, Miss Helen F. 
Smith, Henry Justin 
Smith, Hermon Dunlap 
Smith, Miss Mary Rozet 
Smith, O. Jay 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Smithwick, J. G. 
Snow, Mrs. Sydney B. 
Snyder, Harry 
Solomon, Harry W. 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Sontag, Edward A. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Soper, Thomas 
Sparrow, Mrs. W. W. K. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Speyer, Mrs. George W. 
Spitalny, H. Leopold 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Sprague, Albert A., Jr. 
Spring, Benjamin J. 
Spry, George 
Stanbury, Dr. C. E. 
Stangle, Mrs. Mary W. 
Stanley, Eben 
Staples, Miss Emily 
Steele, Leo M. 
Steele, Sidney J. 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Stein, Mrs. Ernst 
Steinson, Henry G. 
Stensgaard, William L. 
Stephenson, Mrs. 

Elmer E. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Ernest J. 
Stevens, Mrs. Jessie L. 
Stevenson, James R. D. 

Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, Mrs. Pritchard 
Stewart, William 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stilwell, Mrs. Abner J. 
Stilwell, George L. 
Stoelting, C. H. 
Stokes, Miss Marguerite 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Strain, Miss H. Gertrude 
Strand, Mrs. Martin 
Stransky, Hon. 

Franklin J. 
Straub, Mrs. Walter F. 
Straus, Arthur W. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Street, C. R. 
Strigl, F. C. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturtevant, Roy E. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Summers, L. F. 
Sundblom, Mrs. Haddon 

Sundell, Ernest W. 
Sundlof, F. W. 
Sutcliffe, Miss Sarah E. 
Swain, Miss Irene M. 
Swanson, Frank E. 
Sweet, Sidney R. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Miss Ada I. 

Tankersley, J. N. 
Tark, Mrs. L. S. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Teckemeyer, A. O. 
Telfer, Thomas A. 
Teller, George L. 
Temps, Leupold 
Tevander, Mrs. Olaf N. 
Tharaldsen, Mrs. H. I. 
Thomas, Charles F. 
Thompson, John, II 
Thompson, Mrs. Slason 
Thorpe, Mrs. A. H. 
Thorsness, Lionel G. 
Throop, George Enos 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tifft, Mrs. Henry 
Timberlake, Mrs. 

Thomas M. 
Tinling, C. F. M. 
Tippett, William M. 
Todd, A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Towner, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Towner, Frank H. 
Trausch, Joseph H. 

136 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. X 

Traver, George W. 
Tremain, Miss Eloise R. 
Triggs, Charles W. 
True, Walter 
Trude, Mrs. A. S. 
Truman, Percival H. 
Trumbull, Miss Florence 
Turnbull, Mrs. George C. 
Tuttle, Charles 
Tyson, Mrs. Howell N. 

Ullmann, Mrs. Albert I. 
Utley, George B. 

Vail, Mrs. Edward G. 
Vaill, Mrs. J. H. 
Varde, CM. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vaughan, Mrs. 

Gordon M. 
Vaughan, Dr. Roger T. 
Vilas, Mrs. George B. 
Voorhees, Mrs. L. P. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederick P. 

Wagner, Richard 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Walker, James R. 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Waller, Mrs. Trigg 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walton, Mrs. Helen R. 
Walton, Lyman A. 
Warner, Mason 
Warnesson, Miss 

Warren, Mrs. E. K. 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. James 

Wasson, Theron 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Jesse M. 
Watson, Vernon S. 
Webber, E. A. 
Webster, Edgar Converse 

Webster, James 
Wegg, Donald R. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Mrs. Victor 
Weinress, Morton 
Weiss, Theodore O. 
Weissbrenner, Dr. R. F. 
Welch, L. C. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Mrs. H. Gideon 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, John 
Werelius, Mrs. Axel 
West, Thomas H. 
Westbrook, Mrs. E. S. 
Wetter, Miss A. 

Wheeler, Edgar E. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Seymour 
Whidden, Ray A. 
Whidden, Roswell B. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, W. J. 
Whitney, Mrs. Gordon 
Whitwell, J. E. 
Wickham, Mrs. 

Thomas Y. 
Wild, A. Clement 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiley, Edward N. 
Wilhelm, Frank Edward 
Wilken, Mrs. Theodore 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Willard, Guy 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willett, Howard L. 
Williams, Chester S. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Williamson, John A. 
Willman, Philip E. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilson, B. L. 
Wilson, E. L. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Mrs. Percy 

Wilson, R. F. 
Wilson, William G. 
Wilson, William R. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winterbotham, Mrs. 

John R., Jr. 
Winters, Mrs. L. D. 
Wise, Mrs. Harold 
Witkowsky, James 
Witkowsky, Leon 
Wolbach, Murray 
Wolcott, Carl F. 
Wolfe, William C. 
Wolff, Christian J. 
Wolff, Mrs. Harry G. 
Wolterding, Gerhard C. 
Wood, Donald M. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodcock, Mrs. L. T. 
Woods, Edward G. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolf, Mrs. James D. 
Wootton, Robert P. 
Worthy, Mrs. 

Sidney W. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Quincy 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wurzburg, H. J. 

Yeakel, Dr. William K. 
Yeomans, Charles 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, Ferdinand H. 
Young, Mrs. Henry 
Young, James W. 
Young, Mrs. Joseph W. 
Younglove, James C. 

Zacharias, Robert M. 
Zane, John Maxcy 
Zbyszewski, Tytus 
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Ziff, Mrs. Belle 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zintak, Frank V. 
Zucker, W. J. 

Burdick, Dr. Alfred S. 

Chandler, Frank R. 
Corwin, Dr. Arthur M. 

Glidden, Mrs. H. L. 
Griffin, Bennett 
Grosfield, Mme. 
Bertha M. 

Deceased, 1933 
Gudeman, Dr. Edward 

Heymann, Emanuel M. 
Hunter, W. Kelso 

Lester, Albert G. 

Mathews, Miss Jessie 
Moses, Ernest C. 

Neise, George N. 

Osborne, Mrs. J. 

Slaten, Mrs. Frederick A. 
Smith, Mrs. A. P. 

Weston, Charles V. 

I ^ 1934. 


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