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Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. XI, Plate XV 



Director and Trustee of the Museum from July 16, 1928, until his death on January 28, 1937. 

He first joined the Staff in 1894 as an Assistant Curator; in 1912 he became the first Curator 

of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension 





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JUL 20 1938 




JANUARY, 1938 




Bequests to Field Museum of Natural History may be made in 
securities, money, books or collections. They may, if desired, take 
the form of a memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the 
giver. For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, the 
following form is suggested : 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of Natural 
History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, . 

Contributions made within the taxable year to Field 
Museum of Natural History to an amount not in excess of 
15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as 
deductions in computing net income for federal income 
tax purposes. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the 
provision that an annuity be paid to the patron during his 
or her lifetime. These annuities are guaranteed against 
fluctuation in amount and may reduce federal income taxes. 




List of Plates 155 

Officers, Trustees and Committees, 1937 157 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 158 

Former Officers 159 

List of Staff 160 

Obituary — Stephen Chapman Simms 163 

Obituary — Frederick Holbrook Rawson 165 

Obituary — Leslie Wheeler 167 

Report of the Director 169 

Department of Anthropology 189 

Department of Botanj^ 197 

Department of Geology 209 

Department of Zoology 218 

X. W. Harris Public School Extension 232 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for 

Public School and Children's Lectures 234 

Lectures for Adults 239 

Layman Lecture Tours 240 

Library 241 

Division of Printing 244 

Divisions of Photography and Illustration 246 

Division of Publications 246 

Division of Public Relations 248 

Division of Memberships 250 

Cafeteria 251 

Comparative Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts . . 252 

Comparative Financial Statements 253 

List of Accessions 254 

Articles of Incorporation 269 

Amended By-Laws 271 


154 Contents 


List of Members 276 

Benefactors 276 

Honorary Members 276 

Patrons 276 

Corresponding Members 277 

Contributors 277 

Corporate Members 278 

Life Members 278 

Non-Resident Life Members 280 

Associate Members 281 

Non-Resident Associate Members 295 

Sustaining Members 295 

Annual Members 295 



Stephen Chapman Simms 149 

Early Slab House, Southwestern Colorado .... 176 

Chipping Stone Implements 180 

Dragon-Blood Tree of Teneriffe (mural painting) . . 196 

Goldenshower 200 

Igneous Intrusions 208 

Skeleton of a Large Paleocene Mammal (Barylambda) 216 

Chinese Takin 224 

African Weaver Birds 228 

A Recent Addition to the More Than 1,200 Exhibits 
Loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 

Harris Public School Extension 244 



Stanley Field 

First Vice-President Second Vice-President 

Albert A. Sprague James Simpson 

Third Vice-President Secretary 

Albert W. Harris Clifford C. Gregg 

Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith 


Sewell L. Avery Charles A. McCulloch 

Leopold E. Block William H. Mitchell 

John Borden George A. Richardson 

William J. Chalmers Fred W. Sargent 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Stephen C. Simms* 

Joseph N. Field James Simpson 

Marshall Field Solomon A. Smith 

Stanley Field Albert A. Sprague 

Albert W. Harris Silas H. Strawn 

Samuel Insull, Jr. Leslie Wheeler* 

John P. Wilson 

♦Deceased, 1937 


Executive.— Stanley Field, Albert W. Harris, William J. Chalmers, 
James Simpson, Albert A. Sprague, Marshall Field, Silas H. 
Strawn, John P. Wilson. 

Finance. — Albert W. Harris, Solomon A. Smith, James Simpson, 
John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Building. — William J. Chalmers, Samuel Insull, Jr., William H. 
Mitchell, Leopold E. Block, Charles A. McCulloch. 

Auditing.— James Simpson, Fred W. Sargent, George A. Richardson. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, Sewell L. Avery, Solomon A. Smith. 



George E. Adams* 1893-1917 

Owen F. Aldis* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer* 1893-1927 

John C. Black* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus* 1893-1894, 1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair* 1894-1928 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones* 1894-1927 

George Manierre* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams* 1894-1899 

Cyrus H. McCormick* 1894-1936 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.* 1908-1912, 1921-1931 

John Barton Payne* 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep* 1915-1929 

Henry Field* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.* 1919-1931 

Harry E. Byram 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham* 1924-1930 

Frederick H. Rawson* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley* 1929-1932 

Leslie Wheeler* 1934-1937 

* Deceased 




Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

First Vice-Presidents 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Second Vice-Presidents 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Third Vice-Presidents 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson 1929-1932 


Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 


Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 


Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 




Clifford C. Gregg 


Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Henry Field, Curator, Physical Anthropology 

Albert B. Lewis, Curator, Melanesian Ethnology 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

C. Martin Wilbur, Curator, Chinese Archaeology and Ethnology 

Edna Horn Mandel, Associate, Chinese Collections 

Richard A. Martin, Curator, Near Eastern Archaeology 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

Elizabeth McM. Hambleton, Associate, Southwestern Archaeology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian Archaeology 

Tokumatsu Ito, Ceramic Restorer 

department of botany 

B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator, Herbarium 

Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, Herbarium 

Llewelyn Williams, Curator, Economic. Botany 

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate, Wood Technology 

A. C. Noe, Research Associate, Paleobotany 

E. E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Emil Sella, Assistant, Laboratory 

Milton Copulos, Assistant, Laboratory 

department of geology 

Henry W. Nichols, Chief Curator 

Elmer S. Riggs, Curator, Paleontology 

Bryan Patterson, Assistant Curator, Paleontology 

Phil C. Orr, Assistant, Paleontology 

James H. Quinn, Assistant, Paleontology 

Sharat K. Roy, Curator, Geology 


W t ilfred H. Osgood, Chief Curator 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

Rudyerd Boulton, Curator, Birds 

C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator, Birds 

Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator, Birds 

H. B. Conover, Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

R. Magoon Barnes, Curator, Birds' Eggs 

Karl P. Schmidt, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Alfred C. Weed, Curator, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 

Emil Liljeblad, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Edmond N. Gueret, Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 

D. Dwight Davis, Assistant Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 



Julius Friesser C. J. Albrecht 

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters 

Arthur G. Rueckert John W. Moyer 


Edgar G. Laybourne W. E. Eigsti 

Frank C. Wonder 

Frank H. Letl, Preparator of Accessories 


John R. Millar, Acting Curator 
A. B. WOLCOTT, Assistant Curator 

the library 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 

registrar auditor 

Henry F. Ditzel Benjamin Bridge 


A. L. Stebbins 


Elsie H. Thomas 


J. L. Jones 


Margaret M. Cornell, Chief 
Miriam Wood Leota G. Thomas 

Velma D. Whipple Marie B. Pabst 


H. B. Harte 
Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer 


Pearle Bilinske, in charge 


Dewey S. Dill, in charge 


Lillian A. Ross David Gustafson 


C. H. Carpenter, Photographer Carl F. Gronemann, Illustrator 

A. A. Miller, Collotyper 
Clarence B. Mitchell, Research Associate, Photography 


Charles A. Corwin 


John E. Glynn 


W. H. Corning 
William E. Lake, Assistant Engineer 



March 22, 1863— January 28, 1937 
Elected Director July 16, 1928 

The Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History desire to 
express and record their deep sorrow at the grievous loss which has 
come to them and to the institution in the death, on January 28, 
1937, of their fellow Trustee, Secretary of the Board, and Director 
of the Museum, Stephen Chapman Simms. 

Few men have had such qualifications, based on native ability 
combined ideally with years of varied experience, for the position of 
director of a great museum. His was a splendid career, and one which 
may well serve as a model and inspiration to all museum workers, in 
this institution and elsewhere. His broad outlook, his unflagging devo- 
tion to the Museum not in the mere sense of duty, but as something 
he loved and to which he consecrated the entire energy of his life, his 
remarkable understanding of the ways in which the Museum could 
be made most useful and valuable to the public, and his kindness 
and sympathy with his associates on the Staff, will leave a lasting 
impress on the institution, and in the memories of all who knew him. 

Mr. Simms had been a member of the Museum Staff since 
1894, or almost from the time of the institution's founding. He 
was first assigned to the position of Assistant Curator of Industrial 
Arts, and later became Assistant Curator of Ethnology. He con- 
ducted a number of successful expeditions for the Department of 
Anthropology, notably among the American Indians of the west, 
and in the Philippine Islands. The collections he made remain as 
permanent and valuable features of the Museum's exhibits and study 

In 1912, when the Department of the N. W. Harris Public 
School Extension was established, Mr. Simms was appointed its 
Curator. Under his direction the work of this Department rapidly 
developed into one of the Museum's most important educational 
activities. He originated and organized the system whereby the 
institution is now in daily contact with Chicago's 500,000 school 
children by means of traveling exhibits circulated among their 
schools; and he supervised the creation of more than 1,200 such 
exhibits. The value of this work, and the success with which it 
was administered, has been attested year after year in the praises 


164 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

which have come to the Museum from thousands of school officials, 
teachers, and the children themselves. Moreover, this work, em- 
bracing all of the sciences with which the Museum is concerned, 
gave Mr. Simms an experience which was to prove invaluable when, 
in 1928, the Trustees elected him as Director. 

Mr. Simms' administration as Director was marked by two 
distinct and important periods of the Museum's history. The first 
embraced years which, by reason of the unprecedented number of 
far-flung major expeditions, and the tremendous progress made in 
expanding exhibits and all Museum activities, must always be 
remembered as among the years of the institution's greatest develop- 
ment. The second period consisted of several years which were 
among the most trying and difficult in the Museum's history, due 
to the long protracted world financial depression which had its 
inevitable effects upon the Museum's revenues and thus upon its 
continued progress. In both periods Mr. Simms administered wisely 
and well: in the first, guiding the Museum to the heights of its success 
as a scientific and educational institution; in the second, carrying 
on in the face of previously unparalleled difficulties, and managing 
to maintain the maximum service to the public possible under the 
circumstances, with a minimum of disruption to the Museum's 
activities and a minimum of suffering among its personnel. 

We might write many thousands of words in eulogy, yet all 
that should be said could not be told — Stephen Chapman Simms' 
accomplishments live after him, a better memorial than any that 
can be written. 

Therefore, be it resolved, that this testimonial of our esteem 
and affection for our departed Director be placed in the permanent 
records of the Board of Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History, 
to perpetuate his memory; 

And be it further resolved, that our deepest sympathy be con- 
veyed to his widow and the bereaved family, and that a copy of 
this resolution be sent to them. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary Stanley Field, President 

May 17, 1937 


May 30, 1872— February 5, 1937 
Elected a Trustee June 20, 1927. Resigned October 21, 1935 

With deep regret the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural 
History have learned of the death on February 5, 1937, of Frederick 
Holbrook Rawson, former member of the Board, and a Benefactor 
of the Museum. Mr. Rawson had been one of the most active and 
able men of the group charged with guiding the progress of this 
institution, and his wise counsel and respected advice have been 
sorely missed by his fellow Trustees ever since ill health forced him 
to retire from the Board in 1935. 

Because of his high standing as one of Chicago's leading bankers, 
Mr. Rawson was placed on the Finance Committee, shortly after 
his election to the Board in 1927. His services on that Committee 
were of incalculable value to the Museum, especially during the recent 
years of depression when the institution's very existence was more 
than ever before dependent upon the sagacity with which its finan- 
cial affairs were managed in the face of the extreme difficulties of 
the times. 

The benefactions which the Museum owes to Mr. Rawson began 
even before he became connected with the Board of Trustees. On 
several occasions he contributed large amounts of money to the 
institution for the carrying out of projects important to its growth 
and progress. In 1926 he organized, and presented funds for, the 
First Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of Field Museum, 
and in the following year he made possible the larger Second Rawson- 
MacMillan Expedition, the members of which were enabled through 
his generosity to spend fully fifteen months in Labrador and Baffin- 
land, making collections and conducting researches for the Museum. 
Both of these expeditions, under the leadership of Mr. Rawson's 
friend, the eminent Arctic explorer Lieutenant-Commander Donald 
B. MacMillan, obtained valuable results for the Museum's Depart- 
ments of Anthropology, Geology, and Zoology. 

In 1929 Mr. Rawson sponsored a third expedition, the Frederick 
H. Rawson-Field Museum Ethnological Expedition to West Africa, 
which explored parts of that continent in which little previous work 
had been done by anthropologists, and secured extensive collections 
of value for the Museum's exhibits and for use in research work. 


166 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

A few years later Mr. Rawson contributed many more thou- 
sands of dollars toward the cost of groups restoring types of pre- 
historic man, thus taking his place among the foremost of those who 
enabled this Museum to create its Hall of the Stone Age of the Old 
World, which ranks as an achievement without parallel among the 
museums of the world. 

Field Museum was not alone as a beneficiary of Mr. Rawson's 
philanthropy. He was a wholehearted civic leader who was ever 
ready to aid to the best of his ability any worthy cause. Libraries, 
hospitals, homes for the unfortunate, and universities all benefited 
by his generous gifts, and his devotion of his time and efforts to 
the promotion of their interests. In his business activities, too, he 
was well known as a great leader — one who possessed not only the 
qualities which brought him success, but also a full measure of 
warmth and human kindness. 

Therefore, be it resolved, that this testimonial be placed in the 
permanent records of the Board of Trustees of Field Museum, to 
perpetuate his memory, and the high esteem in which we held him; 

And be it further resolved, that our deepest sympathy be con- 
veyed to his widow and his bereaved family, and that a copy of this 
resolution be sent to them. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary Stanley Field, President 

May 17, 1937 


May 17, 1892— February 27, 1937 
Elected a Trustee June 18, 1934 

The untimely death of Leslie Wheeler, on February 27, 1937, 
is a severe loss to Field Museum of Natural History, which will 
be felt equally by his colleagues on the Board of Trustees, and his 
associates on the Scientific Staff. Mr. Wheeler had devoted himself 
wholeheartedly to the interests of the Museum, both as a Trustee 
and as a Research Associate in the field of ornithology, which had 
for years claimed his enthusiastic attention. He was, in addition, 
a Contributor to the Museum, and as a result of his generosity the 
institution's bird collections have been augmented by more than one 
thousand specimens of hawks, owls, and other birds, many of them 
rare and valuable, obtained from almost every part of the world. 

Mr. Wheeler's active interest in and association with the Mu- 
seum began in 1933 when he undertook the difficult and important 
task of building up and adding to the collection of birds of prey. 
He was soon devoting a great deal of time to this work, and his 
efforts were attended with splendid results. His election to the Board, 
and honorary appointment as a member of the Staff, followed shortly 
as a recognition of the value of these activities. Before long, Mr. 
Wheeler had organized a system of contacts with agents and collectors 
in many countries, including some of the most remote and inaccessible 
regions, and a constant stream of much-needed specimens flowed 
into the Museum from these sources. The benefits of the relation- 
ships he established for the Museum will continue even now after 
his passing from our midst. 

As Research Associate, Mr. Wheeler spent many hours at the 
Museum almost every day, studying and working on the birds of 
prey which he presented to the institution. Shortly before his last 
illness, he brought to practical completion for publication his first 
formal research, a taxonomic revision of a group of South American 
wood-owls, together with the scientific description of a new species 
from Chiloe Island off the coast of Chile. His researches were directed 
both upon the biological significance and the economic aspects of 
the many species he studied. The knowledge he gained in his field 
enabled him to make an important contribution to ornithological 


168 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

literature, and to answer many requests for information reaching 
the Museum from others interested in this subject. 

Mr. Wheeler's position in the Museum was unique. As a 
member of the Scientific Staff he obtained a direct insight into the 
workings of the institution as a whole, and the plans and problems 
involved. Thus, as a Trustee, he was able to convey to his fellows 
on the Board a clearer and more comprehensive view of the needs 
of the Museum. His scholarship and achievements brought him the 
highest regard of both the Trustees and the Staff, and resulted in 
his election as a Fellow of the American Geographical Society, a 
high honor. But even greater was the affection he won by the charm 
and gentleness of his character, and his spirit of good comradeship. 

Therefore, be it resolved, that this expression of our admiration 
and esteem for Mr. Wheeler, and our grief over the loss of his counsel 
and companionship, be spread upon the permanent records of the 
Board ; 

And be it further resolved, that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to his bereaved family, and that a copy of this resolution be sent to 
his widow. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Secretary Stanley Field, President 

May 17, 1937 



To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1937. 

The uncertainty of financial support continues to be the chief 
problem of the Museum. There is great need for a larger Scientific 
Staff, more nearly proportioned to the scope of the institution. 
Additional Staff members could give to the public far greater use 
of the splendid collections now in the Museum, through expansion 
and improvement of exhibits, further extension of educational 
activities, development of research facilities, increased production 
of publications, and various other means. 

There is great need of a pension fund adequate to meet the require- 
ments of a Staff most of whom have spent many years in the service 
of the institution. A splendid beginning on such a fund was made 
through the original contributions of President Stanley Field many 
years ago. Various other urgent needs of the institution since that 
time have taken all available funds, so that the pension fund is now 
woefully inadequate. 

The need of increased endowments becomes more marked year 
after year. Were it not for the generous support of Mr. Marshall 
Field, Mr. Stanley Field, Mrs. James Nelson Raymond, Mrs. Diego 
Suarez, and a few others, the activities of the Museum would 
necessarily be curtailed at once. Rigid economies are required in 
any case under present-day conditions. 

The year was a successful one from the standpoint of service 
rendered by the Museum, as there was an increase in attendance, 
and notable accomplishments were made in various activities for 
the public and for the advancement of science. 

However, the period was saddened by the deaths of several of 
the institution's most valued supporters and friends. The first of 
these losses was by the death on January 28 of Mr. Stephen C. 
Simms, Director of the Museum since 1928, and one of the oldest 
members of the Staff in length of service. 

Early the following month Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, who had 
been a member of the Board of Trustees from 1927 until his ill 
health necessitated his resignation in 1935, died at his home 


170 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

in the west. Mr. Rawson had been the sponsor of two expeditions 
to the Subarctic and one to Africa, and he had devoted much 
time, effort and money to the welfare of the Museum for many years. 
In addition to being a Trustee he was also a Benefactor of the 

Within the same month that his fellow Trustee, Mr. Rawson, 
died, Mr. Leslie Wheeler passed away. Mr. Wheeler was interested 
in the Museum not only as a Trustee but as an active co-worker in 
the Division of Ornithology, and his passing removed from the ranks 
of the younger scientists an able and promising man. 

Resolutions of the Board of Trustees on the deaths of Messrs. 
Simms, Rawson and Wheeler will be found in pages of this book 
preceding the Report proper. 

Noted also with extreme regret is the passing of Mrs. Charles H. 
Schweppe, well-known philanthropist, whose interest in Field 
Museum prompted her gift to the institution of the triad of figures 
called the "Unity of Mankind," which occupies the center of Chaun- 
cey Keep Memorial Hall. 

Late in the year Miss Kate S. Buckingham died after a long and 
useful life largely dedicated to philanthropic work. Miss Bucking- 
ham was a Benefactor of Field Museum, having contributed $100,000 
as an endowment toward the costs of general operation, and many 
other gifts. 

The death on May 20 of Dr. Stephen Langdon, Professor of 
Assyriology at Oxford University, England, was noted with regret 
at Field Museum. Dr. Langdon had been Director of the Field 
Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Mesopotamia from 
1923 to 1932, and during two seasons of work he personally super- 
vised the excavations. He was a noted archaeologist whose passing 
was felt as a severe blow by scholars all over the world. 

While the loss of these many friends of the Museum is a sad blow, 
it is felt that they can be best honored by making every effort to 
continue at the institution the high ideals for which they lived. 

For the first time since 1933 the Museum showed a substantial 
increase in attendance. The total figure of 1,290,023 visitors was a 
gain of a little more than 100,000 over the year before. More 
gratifying was the fact that the proportion of paid to total admis- 
sions increased from less than 6 per cent during 1936 to 7.3 per cent 
during 1937. 

On August 4 the Museum received its twenty millionth visitor 
since the present building was first opened on May 2, 1921. The 

Introduction 171 

fortunate visitor, admitted at the north entrance, was John Ladd, a 
youth of fourteen years, whose home is in New York City. In com- 
memoration of this event a certificate of life membership in the 
Museum was presented to him. He was then escorted to the office 
of President Stanley Field, who presented him with a miniature of 
the bronze sculpture by Miss Malvina Hoffman in Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall typifying the Vedda of Ceylon. 

The arrival of the twenty millionth visitor emphasized the fact 
that the average attendance in this building has been one and one- 
quarter million persons per year, contrasted with 228,000 annually 
at the former location in Jackson Park occupied by the Museum 
from 1894 to 1920. 

To indicate the progress the institution has made since its found- 
ing, a special exhibit was arranged in Stanley Field Hall during 
August and part of September. This exhibit, by means of graphs, 
charts, photographs, and specimens, made apparent the principal 
developments in many fields which have occurred in the forty-four 
years of the Museum's existence. 

Attendance at the Museum itself does not indicate fully the 
scope of the institution's service to the general public, as will be 
realized by perusal of other sections of this Report, particularly the 
pages devoted to the work of the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures, 
and the Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. 
In those pages will be found details of how the Harris Extension, 
for example (which in November completed its twenty-fifth year of 
service), benefited some 500,000 children by the circulation of nearly 
a thousand traveling exhibits among more than 400 Chicago schools. 
Likewise outlined there are the manifold activities of the Raymond 
Foundation, such as the presentation of spring and autumn series 
of educational motion pictures, the conducting of parties of chil- 
dren on guide-lecture tours of the exhibits, and the sending of 
lecturers into hundreds of school classrooms and assembly halls to 
address large groups of children. Nearly a quarter million children 
were reached by the Raymond Foundation with Museum instruction 
supplementing their regular studies. 

A good example of the special educational service which the 
Museum constantly seeks to render, especially to children, is worth 
citing here. During the International Live Stock Exposition held 
at the Union Stock Yards in Chicago in December, the Museum 
co-operated with authorities of the exposition and the National 

172 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Four-H Club Congress. As a result, enthusiastic groups totaling 
610 girls and 742 boys from American farms, delegates to the Four-H 
Congress, were brought on visits to Field Museum. They were con- 
ducted on tours of the exhibits by members of the Staff of the 
James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation. Following 
their visits, there was received a flood of letters from these children 
and youths expressing appreciation for the entertainment and in- 
struction provided by the Museum and its Staff. These letters came 
from many widely separated states, ranging from Maryland on the 
Atlantic Coast to Oregon on the Pacific, and from Montana near the 
Canadian border to Texas near the Mexican boundary. 

In the field of adult education, the Museum presented its usual 
spring and autumn courses of illustrated lectures in the James 
Simpson Theatre, and its daily guide-lecture tours of exhibits. In 
addition, a series of special Sunday guide-lecture tours constituted 
an innovation of the year. Statistics and other details regarding 
these activities will be found elsewhere in this Report. 

The influence of the Museum was spread further by the Library, 
the effectiveness of which was augmented by acquisitions of new 
books and periodicals through gifts, exchanges and purchases. The 
Library's resources in scientific literature for reference purposes are 
becoming better known, and increasing use of its collection, now 
numbering more than 110,000 volumes, was made by the general 
public in 1937. To the Staff of the Museum, and to other scientists 
and students of Chicago and vicinity, the Library, of course, is 

Valuable reference material, for teachers, students, and others 
engaged in various forms of research, was provided also by the 
study collections maintained for this purpose in each of the scientific 
Departments of the Museum. As in other years, these attracted 
many users. 

As has been pointed out in past Annual Reports, there is also a 
vast public the extent of which it is impossible to gauge in statistics, 
but which must number hundreds of thousands, or even millions of 
persons, who are reached by published accounts of Museum activi- 
ties. These include not only those who have access to the publica- 
tions and leaflets issued and distributed from Field Museum Press, 
and the monthly bulletin Field Museum News, but also the untold 
numbers who read articles about the institution in daily newspapers 
and periodicals the world over, and who hear radio programs in 
which the Museum is publicized. 

Introduction 173 

Throughout the year the story of the accomplishments of Field 
Museum was kept constantly before the public through the generous 
co-operation of the Chicago newspapers and the radio stations of 
the city. The volume of the published accounts of the Museum's 
activities was greater than had been attained for many years. 

During 1937 Field Museum, for the first time, used the radio in 
a carefully planned program to carry the message of a natural history 
museum to the people of the United States. With the co-operation 
of the University Broadcasting Council, a series of thirteen programs 
was presented on the coast-to-coast network of the Mutual Broad- 
casting System, with station WGN as the outlet in Chicago. These 
broadcasts consisted of dramatizations of expeditions, followed by 
interviews with some of the men prominently associated with each 
enterprise. This entire radio series was made possible by a gift 
from President Stanley Field, who also took an active part in formu- 
lating the plans for the programs. 

Widespread favorable response was attracted by these broad- 
casts, presented under the title "From the Ends of the Earth." 
Many letters and postcards praising them were received from 
listeners in all parts of the country. The radio critic of Variety, out- 
standing theatrical weekly, in a review of some length characterized 
the programs as "a beautifully produced dramatic production," 
with "action and human interest to rank it with the top fiction- 
drama programs on the air" although at the same time evidencing 
"absolute authenticity, not only in subject matter of script, but 
even in details such as savages' drum rhythm." 

Many visitors were attracted to the Museum by these radio 
programs, most enthusiastic among whom was Robert Kroening, a 
twelve-year-old boy of Kirkwood, Missouri, who traveled the several 
hundred miles from his home to Chicago especially to join one of the 
special lecture-tours offered at the Museum in connection with each 

In recognition of their various gifts during their lifetimes, and 
their subsequent bequests to the Museum, the late Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin A. Ryerson were posthumously elected as Benefactors of the 
Museum (a designation applied to all whose gifts total $100,000 or 
more) at a meeting of the Board of Trustees held on October 18. 
The gifts of the Ryersons dated from the year 1895 and continued 
intermittently throughout their lives. Mr. Ryerson was a Trustee, 
and First Vice-President of the Museum, from 1894 to 1932. 

174 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Three names were added to the list of Contributors to the Mu- 
seum (a membership classification designating those whose gifts in 
money or materials reach a value between $1,000 and $100,000). 
The new Contributors are Mr. Alfred A. Look, of Grand Junction, 
Colorado, Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Chief Curator of the Department 
of Zoology, and the late William N. Rumely, of Chicago and 
LaPorte, Indiana. Mr. Look is the donor of valuable additions 
to the paleontological collections, including the skeleton of an im- 
portant fossil mammal new to science. Dr. Osgood personally financed 
and conducted an expedition to French Indo-China during several 
months of 1937, with resulting large and important additions to the 
Museum's zoological collections. From the Estate of Mr. Rumely 
the Museum received as a gift a meteorite specimen, exceedingly 
rare in type, and of high value. 

Five new Life Members were elected during 1937. They are: 
Mr. Walter J. Cummings, Mrs. Walter P. Hemmens, and Mrs. C. 
Morse Ely, all of Chicago; Mrs. Leslie Wheeler, of Lake Forest, 
Illinois, and Mr. John Ladd, of New York City. The election of 
Mr. Ladd was honorary, as a result of his having been the twenty 
millionth visitor to enter the present Museum building. 

A list of Members in all classes will be found beginning on page 
276 of this Report. On December 31 the total number of member- 
ships was 4,266 as compared with 4,238 on the same date in the pre- 
ceding year. While the increase was thus only 28, actually more 
than that number of new Members were enrolled, but the net gain 
was reduced by a greater than normal number of losses by deaths 
and cancellations of older Members. 

All Officers who had served the Museum in 1936 were re-elected 
for 1937 at the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees, held on 
January 19. Due to the death later that same month of Director 
Simms, President Stanley Field appointed Mr. Clifford C. Gregg 
(formerly Assistant to the Director) as Acting Director; and on May 
17, at their regular meeting, the Trustees formally elected Mr. Gregg 
as Director and Secretary of the Museum. No action has been taken 
by the Trustees to fill the two vacancies on the Board caused by the 
deaths of Mr. Simms and Mr. Leslie Wheeler. 

Continued actively throughout 1937 were installations of new 
exhibits, as well as reinstallations and improvements of many of 
those originally placed on display in previous years. Details of these 
will be found in a section of each of the departmental reports con- 
tained in this book; therefore brief reference will be made here to 

Introduction 175 

only a few of the more important ones. In the Department of 
Zoology there were opened to the public an unusually large number 
of new habitat groups — three of birds and four of mammals, Two 
of these are in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22)— a group of 
the tiny African antelopes known as klipspringers, and another of 
the bizarre guereza monkeys of Ethiopia. A habitat group of the 
harbor seals of the Pacific was installed in the Hall of Marine Mam- 
mals (Hall N). To William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17) there was added 
a group of the Asiatic takin, one of the most difficult of all animals 
to hunt. In the Hall of Birds (Hall 20) the habitat groups completed 
are: birds of the Kalahari Desert, composed of specimens collected 
by the Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition (1930) and presented to 
the Museum by Mr. Arthur S. Vernay, of New York and London; 
bird life of Mount Cameroon, and village weaver-birds of Africa. 
The latter two are both composed of specimens collected by the 
Straus West African Expedition of Field Museum (1934), sponsored 
by Mrs. Oscar Straus, of New York. In addition to the habitat 
groups, numerous additions were made to the screens and single 
mounts of mammals, birds, reptiles, and skeletons in the systematic 
collections displayed in various halls. 

The most noteworthy addition to the exhibits in the Department 
of Anthropology consisted of three new cases of jades, containing 
seventy-five pieces, each a masterpiece of color and carving, installed 
in the Hall of Jades (Hall 30). These are part of the extensive col- 
lection of Chinese art objects bequeathed to the Museum by the 
late Mrs. George T. (Frances Ann Gaylord) Smith, of Chicago. 

In Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38), containing the paleontologi- 
cal collections of the Department of Geology, there was installed a 
skeleton of a South American ground sloth designated as Hapalops, 
a name derived from Greek and meaning "gentle face." 

In the Department of Botany, various additions were made to the 
series of reproductions of plants in the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29), 
to the economic botany halls, and to the wood collections. In this 
Department, however, the major efforts of the preparators were 
devoted to elaborate habitat groups which will not be completed 
until 1938. 

After an extended lull in expeditionary work because of adverse 
economic conditions, several small expeditions were sent into the 
field during 1937. Of these, the continuation of the project begun in 
1929 for the photographing of type specimens of plants in Europe 
by Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 

176 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

was the only one of which the expenses were paid with Museum 

Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Chief Curator of Zoology, left in January 
for French Indo-China, where he spent several months collecting 
birds, mammals, and reptiles. This expedition netted approximately 
five hundred mammal skins, including a suitable selection for a 
habitat group of gibbons. Another splendid group will result from 
this expedition's collecting of specimens of the green peacock. 
Before returning to Field Museum, Dr. Osgood completed a trip 
around the world, stopping for several days at the British Museum 
in London en route. The entire cost of this expedition was con- 
tributed by Dr. Osgood from his own funds. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, 
spent the summer in collecting the flora of Missouri, on his own time 
and at his own expense. 

Another staff member to contribute funds of his own toward a 
Museum expedition was Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator of Reptiles, 
who journeyed to western Texas accompanied by Mr. D. D wight 
Davis, Assistant Curator of Anatomy and Osteology, in search of 
herpetological specimens. 

Through the generosity of President Stanley Field, many mem- 
bers of the Staff were enabled to proceed in search of specimens for 
which a definite need has been felt. Thus Curator Schmidt made 
another expedition, accompanied by Staff Taxidermist Leon L. 
Walters, to collect reptiles in Arizona and California. Dr. Paul S. 
Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, resumed his archaeological 
excavations in southwestern Colorado, discovering material which 
furnishes direct evidence of the migrations of Indian tribes some 
1,500 years ago. Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic 
Botany, went to Mexico whence he brought a systematic collection 
of the woods of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and other localities in 
the states of Oaxaca and Veracruz. Mr. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant 
Curator of Birds, left, early in January for British Guiana, where he 
collected ornithological specimens until early in the summer. He 
then went to Brazil for further collecting and at the close of the year 
was on his way back to Chicago. Mr. Sharat K. Roy, Curator of 
Geology, obtained in Colorado several valuable specimens for the 
exhibits pertaining to structural geology. An expedition to Colorado, 
led by Mr. Bryan Patterson, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, 
collected specimens of fossil mammals. Mr. J. H. Quinn, Assist- 
ant in Paleontology, accompanied the expedition, and Mr. Elmer S. 




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Introduction 177 

Riggs, Curator of Paleontology, joined the party for a few weeks. 
Mr. Alfred C. Weed, Curator of Fishes, accompanied by Staff 
Taxidermist L. L. Pray, collected fish specimens along the coast of 
Maine for a proposed undersea group. Staff Taxidermist C. J. 
Albrecht, through the co-operation of the United States Biological 
Survey, was enabled to visit the Pribilof Islands, where he collected 
specimens for a complete group of fur seals. Although, under 
government regulations, Mr. Albrecht was not permitted to kill a 
single seal nor to land firearms on the Pribilofs, officials made it 
possible for him to obtain the specimens needed from among the 
animals taken in regular sealing operations. The co-operation of 
the government in this undertaking is sincerely appreciated. 

It is worthy of note that a great deal was accomplished on these 
expeditions with a minimum expenditure of money. This was pos- 
sible because of foresight and skillful planning on the part of the 
expeditionary personnel, and their thorough understanding of 
methods and objectives. 

Gifts of money, and of material for the scientific collections and 
the Library, are herewith gratefully acknowledged. Among those 
who contributed funds during the year may be mentioned the 

Mrs. Diego Suarez, of New York, gave the sum of $50,000, to be 
used toward payment of general operating expenses of the Museum. 

President Stanley Field contributed sums totaling $37,661.37, to 
be applied, in accordance with his directions, toward the costs of 
constructing built-in exhibition cases in the halls of birds (Halls 20 
and 21), and for the purchase of other cases likewise for zoological 
exhibits; purchase of plate glass required for various cases; con- 
struction of a mezzanine on the fourth floor to augment zoological 
storage facilities, and purchase of storage equipment for this mez- 
zanine; expenses of various expeditions; and the expense involved 
in the presentation of the thirteen radio broadcasts, "From the Ends 
of the Earth." 

Early in the year Mr. Marshall Field contributed $28,750 to be 
used to wipe out an anticipated operating deficit. 

Mrs. James Nelson Raymond was the donor of $6,000 toward 
the operating expenses of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Ray- 
mond Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures. This 
was a continuation of her splendid generosity which so often has been 
manifested in the years since 1925, when she established the Raymond 
Foundation by providing a large endowment fund. 


178 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Mr. H. Boardman Conover, Research Associate in the Division 
of Birds, presented $400 toward the expenses of the zoological 
expedition to Brazil conducted during the year by Assistant Curator 
Emmet R. Blake. 

From Mr. Henry J. Patten, of Lake Forest, Illinois, a gift of 
$250 was received. Other sums of varying amounts were received 
as contributions from Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, of Lake Forest; 
Mrs. Leslie Wheeler, of Lake Forest; Mr. Edward L. Dawes, of 
Chicago; Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell, of Chicago; Mr. Benjamin L. 
Boiling, of Mason City, Iowa; Mr. William J. Weldon, of Chicago; 
and Mr. H. F. Johnson, Jr., of Racine, Wisconsin. 

A substantial, but as yet undetermined, sum will accrue to the 
Museum as a result of the bequests, previously mentioned, from the 
late Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson. The estates are still in 
process of administration, and a definite figure regarding the amount 
of the bequests is therefore not yet available. 

A fellowship grant of $500 was received from the Carnegie 
Corporation, New York, to pay traveling expenses for Mr. Sharat K. 
Roy, Curator of Geology, on a trip to other American scientific 
institutions for purposes of research. 

The death of Miss Kate S. Buckingham, who in 1925 had estab- 
lished an endowment of $100,000, releases the Museum of its obli- 
gation to pay an annuity of $5,500. In future the income of this 
fund will be used for general operating purposes. 

By a payment of $20,375.80 to the Northern Trust Company 
the Museum reduced to $36,000 its indebtedness to that bank. 

From the Chicago Park District the Museum received, as its 
share, authorized by the state legislature, of collections made during 
1937 under the tax levies for 1936 and preceding years, sums aggre- 
gating $92,122.69. 

In the departmental sections of this Report, and in the complete 
List of Accessions beginning on page 254, will be found details of the 
many gifts of material for the collections received by the Museum 
during the year. A few outstanding ones have been selected for 
mention here, as follows: 

A star sapphire, valued at $1,550, was received from Mrs. William 
J. Chalmers, of Chicago. 

An iron meteorite of the rare hexahedrite type, valued at $1,500, 
was presented by the Estate of the late William N. Rumely, of 
Chicago, through Mr. Richard L. Rumely, son of the original owner. 

Introduction 179 

The Polish-American Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw, with 
the Polish government co-operating, presented specimens of white 
storks, with a nest and other accessory material for the creation of 
a habitat group in the Hall of Birds (Hall 20). The Museum is 
indebted to Dr. Waclaw Gawronski, Consul-General of Poland in 
Chicago, and Mr. Jerzy Bojanowski, an official of the Consulate, for 
making arrangements for the collection of the birds and accessories. 
Further, through the co-operation of the Polish-American Chamber 
of Commerce, the Polish Government, the Consulate-General, and a 
large number of individuals and scientific institutions both in this 
country and Poland, a collection of varied specimens for all Depart- 
ments was received. This material was brought from Poland by Mr. 
Anthony Mazur, an employe of the Museum, who himself con- 
tributed toward the collection. 

From Messrs. Spencer W. Stewart and Robert J. Sykes, of New 
York, the Museum received the skin of a whale shark taken at 
Acapulco, Mexico. This animal represents what is probably the 
largest living species of fish-like creatures, reaching a size equal to or 
greater than that of some of the smaller whales. 

Mr. Leon Mandel, of Chicago, as a result of West Indian cruises 
on his yacht Buccaneer, presented the Museum with specimens of 
"wahoo fish" (Acanthocybium petus), flying fish, other marine in- 
habitants, valuable birds, and a rare lizard. Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, 
Curator of Birds, was a guest on one of these cruises, and participated 
in the collecting. 

An important collection of leaves, flowers and fruits of palms 
gathered in the Amazon region was received as a gift from Mr. H. F. 
Johnson, Jr., of Racine, Wisconsin. Some of the leaves are as much 
as thirty-five feet long, and clusters of fruit weigh as much as one 
hundred pounds. 

Mr. Michael Lerner, of New York, presented a mounted specimen 
of blue marlin, otherwise known as "sword fish," which will make a 
valued addition to the exhibits planned for the hall of fishes (Hall 0). 
The specimen, caught by Mr. Lerner at Bimini, Bahama Islands, 
is of record size, and weighed 537 pounds. 

As for a number of years past, the John G. Shedd Aquarium, the 
Lincoln Park Zoo, the Chicago Zoological Society, and the General 
Biological Supply House, of Chicago, all contributed numerous 
valuable zoological specimens to the Museum. 

Among distinguished visitors entertained at Field Museum in 
1937 were: Dr. Oswald Menghin, Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology 

180 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

at the University of Vienna; Dr. H. R. von Koenigswald, paleon- 
tologist of Bandoeng, Java; Dr. V. Gordon Childe, Professor of Pre- 
historic Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh; Dr. Dorothy 
A. E. Garrod, research fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge, 
England; Dr. Paul B. Sears, head of the department of botany at 
the University of Oklahoma; Dr. Kiyoshi Kominani, Professor of 
Botany at the Imperial University of Tokyo; Dr. Georg Steindorff, 
Professor Emeritus of Egyptology, University of Leipzig; Dr. E. I. 
Musgrave, Director of the City Art Gallery and Museum, Wakefield, 
Yorkshire, England; Dr. M. B. Hodge, Keeper of Bankfield Museum, 
Halifax, England; Dr. Robert Broom, paleontologist of Victoria 
College, Pretoria, South Africa; Dr. T. S. Westall, ichthyologist of 
r the University of London; Dr. Wolfram Eberhard, anthropologist 
V of the Museum fur Volkerkunde, Leipzig, Germany; Dr. Rudolf 
Florin, paleontologist of the Stockholm Museum in Sweden; Colonel 
Theodore Roosevelt, of New York; Mr. Gerald Lightfoot, Secretary 
of the Council for Scientific Industrial Research, Melbourne, Aus- 
tralia; Mr. William Henry Claflin, Jr., Treasurer of the Museum of 
Fine Arts in Boston, and Curator of Southeastern Archaeology at 
the Peabody Museum of Harvard University; Dr. Walter Robyns, 
Director of the Jardin Botanique de l'Etat in Brussels, Belgium; Dr. 
Frederick P. Keppel, President of the Carnegie Corporation, New 
York; M. Marcel Olivier, President of the Museum National d'His- 
toire Naturelle, Paris; Mr. Gilbert Archey, Director of the Auckland 
Institute and Museum in New Zealand; Mr. J. R. Kinghorn, zoologist 
of the Australian Museum in Sydney; Mr. E. D. Hester, Economic 
Adviser to the High Commissioner of the Philippine Islands; Dr. 
J. M. Menzies, head of the department of archaeology at Cheeloo 
University, Shantung Province, China; Mrs. Franklin Delano 
Roosevelt, wife of the President of the United States; Mr. J. 0. 
Brew, specialist in archaeology of the American Southwest, on the 
staff of the Peabody Museum, Harvard University; Mr. Earl Morris, 
of the staff of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C., and 
Dr. Harold S. Colton, of the Museum of Northern Arizona at 

In addition to the election of a new Director, reported elsewhere, 
a number of other Staff changes occurred during the year: 

Mr. Richard A. Martin was appointed Curator of Near Eastern 
Archaeology, and Dr. Julian A. Steyermark was appointed Assistant 
Curator of the Herbarium. Mr. David Gustafson was employed as 
an editor and proofreader in the Division of Printing. Mr. John R. 




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Introduction 181 

Millar, who had been on the staff of the Department of Botany since 
1918, was transferred to the Department of the N. W. Harris Public 
School Extension, where he was appointed Acting Curator. Mr. A. L. 
Stebbins was appointed Bookkeeper. 

Changes were made in a number of the titles of Staff members, 
in order better to designate their duties, as follows: Mr. C. Martin 
Wilbur, from Curator of Sinology to Curator of Chinese Archaeology 
and Ethnology; Mr. Edmund N. Gueret and Mr. D. Dwight Davis 
from Curator and Assistant Curator respectively of Invertebrate 
Skeletons, to Curator and Assistant Curator respectively of Anat- 
omy and Osteology; Mrs. Mary W. Baker, from Assistant Librarian 
to Associate Librarian, and Mr. A. A. Miller from Photogravurist 
to Collotyper. The title Public Relations Counsel was adopted for 
Mr. H. B. Harte of the Division of Public Relations. 

Under the provisions of the Field Museum Employes' Pension 
Fund, insurance was paid in the amounts indicated to the following 
beneficiaries of employes and pensioners who died during 1937: 
$6,000 to Mrs. Stephen C. Simms, widow of the late Director Simms; 
$4,000 to the widow of Mr. Thomas J. Larkin, former Museum 
guard; and $3,000 to four sons of Mr. Burchard Tiemann, a former 
employe of the Museum's Division of Printing. Mr. John Buettner, 
preparator-carpenter in the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, 
retired from active service and was placed on the pension roll. 

Mr. Henry Field, Curator of Physical Anthropology, received 
the degree of doctor of science from Oxford University in June. He 
went to England and participated in the ceremonies connected with 
conferring of this honor. The degree is in recognition of Dr. Field's 
vast amount of research conducted at Field Museum, the work he 
performed on several expeditions for this institution, and the many 
comprehensive scientific reports he has written and had published 
by Field Museum Press. 

Members of the Museum Staff engaged in various scientific 
research projects, outlined in the departmental sections of this 
Report, and attended a number of important meetings of learned 
societies during the year. Assistant Curator Julian A. Steyermark 
presented a botanical paper at the meeting of the American Associ- 
ation for the Advancement of Science held in December at Indianap- 
olis, Indiana. Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, 
attended the meeting of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Phila- 
delphia in March, and presented a report on the Field Museum 
Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest at the meetings of the 

182 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

American Anthropological Association held at Yale University in 
December. Dr. Martin also visited a number of eastern museums 
for purposes of study. Curator C. Martin Wilbur presented a paper 
on a phase of Chinese archaeology at the meeting of the American 
Oriental Society held at Cleveland, Ohio, March 31 to April 2; 
Curator Richard A. Martin attended the same meeting. Curator 
Rudyerd Boulton attended the convention of the American Orni- 
thologists' Union held at Charleston, South Carolina, in November. 
Later Mr. Boulton began a visit of several weeks in the east to make 
special studies on the taxonomy and distribution of the birds of 
Angola (Portuguese West Africa), working principally at the Ameri- 
can Museum of Natural History, New York, and the Carnegie 
Museum of Pittsburgh. Mr. Elmer S. Riggs, Curator of Paleon- 
tology, attended conferences of the Geological Society of America, 
and the Paleontological Society of America, at Washington, D.C., 
in December. Curator Colin C. Sanborn made an eastern trip 
during the course of which he attended the meeting of the American 
Society of Mammalogists held at Washington, D.C., in the spring, 
and engaged in studies at Boston and New York scientific institu- 
tions. Curator Sharat K. Roy spent several weeks in studies at 
eastern museums and universities to collect data for a forthcoming 
monograph on the geology and paleontology of southeastern Baffin 
Land, completing research in which he was engaged as a member of 
the Second Rawson-Macmillan Expedition to the Subarctic (1927- 
28). His traveling expenses were provided by a fellowship awarded 
by the Carnegie Corporation, New York. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator of Reptiles, has been elected 
Herpetological Editor of Copeia, quarterly journal of the American 
Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Conducting this 
work in addition to his activities at the Museum, he is kept in close 
contact with fellow scientists all over the world. 

Director Clifford C. Gregg, in the course of a western trip during 
the summer, camped with two of the Museum's expeditions in the 
field, and participated in their work. He first visited the site of 
operations of the Field Museum Paleontological Expedition to 
Colorado, and afterwards joined the members of the Field Museum 
Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest. Following reconnais- 
sance at the latter site, he traveled with the expedition leader, Dr. 
Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, to Mesa Verde 
National Park, the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe, New 
Mexico, Gila Pueblo at Globe, Arizona, and the excavations at 

Introduction 183 

Jeddito, Arizona, of an expedition dispatched by the Peabody Mu- 
seum of Harvard University under the leadership of Mr. J. 0. Brew. 
These visits resulted in contacts of value in continuing the cordial 
co-operation existing between Field Museum and various institu- 
tions and individuals. Mr. Gregg later went alone for similar pur- 
poses to the Colorado Museum of Natural History in Denver, and 
the Museum of the University of Iowa at Iowa City. The visits of 
the Director to the Museum's expeditions served to establish closer 
contact between the executive offices and the men engaged in the 
institution's extra-mural activities, and it is hoped to continue this 
practice in future. 

On December 2, at the time of the reopening of the Hall of Jades 
(Hall 30) with the addition of a collection bequeathed by the late 
Mrs. George T. (Frances Ann Gaylord) Smith, a special lecture on 
jades was given in the Museum's small lecture hall by Mr. C. Martin 
Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and Ethnology. The lec- 
ture was illustrated with natural color stereopticon slides made 
and presented to Field Museum by Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell. The 
audience was composed of members of the American Friends of 
China, and others especially interested in Oriental art. 

Members of the Museum and their guests, and invited groups from 
garden clubs and universities, attended a special showing of colored 
motion pictures, still photographs, and water color paintings of 
flowers of Panama, in the James Simpson Theatre on November 8. 
The pictures were the work of Mrs. H. H. Evans, of Balboa Heights, 
Canal Zone, who gave a lecture in connection with them. 

Attention should be called to the splendid and effective work 
being done at Field Museum by a loyal and earnest group of volun- 
teer workers. For many years Dr. E. E. Sherff and Mr. H. Board- 
man Conover have been identified with Field Museum as accom- 
plished Research Associates in the fields of systematic botany and 
ornithology respectively. During the present year five other volun- 
teers have joined the Staff in various capacities. 

Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell, an Associate of the Royal Photographic 
Society, has for several months been carrying on experiments at the 
Museum in the field of natural color photography. Through this 
medium he has prepared a series of stereopticon slides featuring rare 
and beautiful jades selected from the Museum's collection. The 
fidelity with which color, texture, and finish have been portrayed 
has won wide commendation from art lovers throughout the city. 
Mr. Mitchell, as Research Associate in Photography on the Museum 

184 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Staff, is continuing his work in other difficult fields among the 
institution's collections. 

Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, at a great expenditure of time and money, 
has prepared a series of lectures which he, as the "Layman Lecturer," 
offers free to the public on Sunday afternoons. These lectures are 
given in the halls of the Museum and present the story of certain 
sections of the exhibits in such a fascinating manner that the attend- 
ance has been more than could be accommodated, necessitating the 
requirement of advance registrations by participants. The limit, 
set at 100 persons for each lecture, has been reached repeatedly. At 
times reservations must be made as much as four weeks in advance. 

Mrs. Hermon Dunlap (Ellen Thorne) Smith, of Lake Forest, 
Illinois, has been active for many months as Associate in the Division 
of Ornithology. Starting with limited knowledge of birds but a real 
desire for accomplishment in this field of study, she has rapidly 
progressed to a point where her services are highly regarded by her 
associates on the Staff of the Department of Zoology. 

In the Department of Anthropology, Mrs. Edna Horn Mandel 
joined the Staff as an Associate because of her deep interest and wide 
knowledge in the field of Chinese art. At Field Museum she has 
given splendid service in describing, classifying, and cataloguing a 
diversified collection of paintings, and many rubbings taken from 
monuments of archaeological interest. 

Miss Elizabeth McM. Hambleton has given valuable aid in the 
classification of early Pueblo pottery. As an Associate on the Staff 
she has been particularly useful in the study of the collections 
brought to the Museum from the Southwest. 

In the number of copies of publications produced, and in the 
quantity of other miscellaneous matter printed, Field Museum 
Press exceeded even its 1936 productivity, which had been the 
largest in the history of the Museum. Elsewhere in this Report, 
under the heading "Division of Printing," will be found a complete 
list of the publications issued. Information concerning the dis- 
tribution of these, nationally and internationally, will be found 
under the heading "Division of Publications." 

To the list of books published under auspices other than those of 
Field Museum, but sold at this institution, two new titles were added. 
One of these is Ecological Animal Geography, translated by Curator 
Karl P. Schmidt from an original work in German by Dr. Richard 
Hesse of the University of Berlin. In revision of the translated book 
Mr. Schmidt had as his associate Dr. W. C. Allee, Professor of 

Introduction 185 

Ecology at the University of Chicago. The publisher is John Wiley 
and Sons, New York. The other new title on this list is Su-Lin, a 
story for children about the young giant panda at the Brookfield 
zoological park of the Chicago Zoological Society. Ruth Ann 
Waring and Helen Wells are the authors; Rand McNally and 
Company, Chicago, is the publisher. 

Six small books for children known as "The Footprint Series," 
with texts based entirely on material in Field Museum, and written 
by Mr. H. B. Harte, the Museum's Public Relations Counsel, 
were adopted during 1937 by the Chicago Board of Education as 
reading material recommended to teachers to supplement regular 
textbooks. They are illustrated with pictures of habitat groups of 
animals at the Museum. The Orthovis Company, Chicago, is 

The number of men and women employed by the Works Progress 
Administration on the project at Field Museum during 1937 ranged 
from 167 to 199. Their aggregate working time amounted to 240,000 
hours, and the total amount of wages paid to them by the federal 
government was $174,200. It is interesting to note in comparison 
that the regular employes of Field Museum totaled about 160. 

Although the efforts of the WPA workers have been utilized 
chiefly in routine tasks such as cataloguing, typing, filing, cleaning 
specimens, mounting photographs, and assisting in the manufacture 
of accessory material for groups, there have also been many persons 
who possessed scientific training and knowledge qualifying them for 
more important undertakings. It follows naturally that because of 
the co-operation of this organization the Museum has been far better 
able to serve the people of Chicago and the world. A great deal of 
scientific material held in storage for many years has been properly 
cleaned and prepared so as to be available for exhibition and study. 
More scientific reports have been published and distributed to 
institutions around the world as a result of WPA assistance in the 
Division of Printing and the Division of Publications. 

Much of the effect of adverse economic conditions on the Museum 
has been counteracted by the activity of the WPA workers. The 
value and importance of their accomplishments can scarcely be 
emphasized sufficiently. They have undertaken tasks that could 
not have been attempted for many years by the regular staff of 
the institution, as every staff member has been, and is, fully occupied 
and unable to assume additional burdens. It should be noted that 
in no case has a regular Museum employe been displaced by a WTA 

186 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

worker. The entire effect of the opportunity provided by the assign- 
ment of WPA workers has been one of expansion of Museum acti- 
vities, and not in the least a substitution of personnel. WPA officials 
in charge of assignments and supervision have given the Museum 
a wholehearted co-operation which is deeply appreciated, and the 
project has been characterized by marked efficiency and smoothness 
of operation. 

Field Museum was again host, as it has been each year since 1922, 
to the Art Research Classes conducted in co-operation with the Art 
Institute of Chicago. The same instructor who originated this work, 
Mr. John Gilbert Wilkins, a member of the faculty of the School of 
the Art Institute, was again in charge. Exhibits in Field Museum 
are used by students in these classes as suggestive material for their 
creations in charcoal, crayons, water-colors, oils, and plastics. Mem- 
bers of the classes are advanced students, and many graduates have 
become successful designers, illustrators, teachers, and creative 
painters and sculptors. The Saturday School of the Art Institute 
also continued to send classes of young children as for the past 
several years. The pupils in these range from children of the fourth 
elementary grade to those of high school age. 

Despite long illness of the Superintendent of Maintenance, the 
Museum building and equipment were maintained in good order 
under the supervision of the Chief Engineer. Details of some of the 
more notable improvements during the year are outlined herewith: 

For the Department of Anthropology fifteen exhibition cases 
were remodeled to accommodate material to be shown in Hall K on 
the ground floor, which is to be devoted to archaeological collections 
from Kish resulting from the Field Museum-Oxford University 
Joint Expedition to Mesopotamia. A plaster frieze of enlarged im- 
pressions from Babylonian and other ancient seal cylinders was 
installed on the walls of the same hall. Two new exhibition cases 
were built for the jade exhibits in Hall 30, and one new case for the 
exhibition of flints in Hall B. On the third floor improved lighting 
was installed in the office of the Chief Curator. 

For the Department of Botany a built-in exhibition case for the 
accommodation of a habitat group of alpine plants of the Rocky 
Mountains ( in preparation) was completed in the Hall of Plant 
Life (Hall 29). Two more mural paintings of exotic plants were 
installed on the walls of the same hall. In the Herbarium on the 
third floor, eight large new storage cases were provided. 

Introduction 187 

For the Department of Geology a new exhibition case was pro- 
vided for the reinstallation of the model of the Natural Bridge of 
Virginia. A new exhibition screen was furnished for material added 
to Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38). On the third floor a partition 
was removed between Rooms 105 and 106 in order to provide more 
extensive working quarters for certain members of the Staff. In 
the chemical laboratory a new exhaust fan was installed for remov- 
ing fumes. 

For the Department of Zoology two new wall cases were installed 
and equipped, one each in Halls 19 and 21. Seven cases were com- 
pleted for the exhibition of marine invertebrates. New cases were 
provided in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22) for the okapi 
and guereza monkey exhibits. The sable antelope exhibit in the 
same hall was relocated. A new screen was provided for the lemur 
exhibit in Hall 15. Ten built-in cases were constructed for the 
accommodation of habitat groups of birds in Hall 20, and six for 
fish habitat groups in Hall 0. The groundwork was prepared for 
the habitat group of Asiatic takin which was opened during the year 
in William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17). All exhibition cases were treated 
with preservative poison. Various improvements were made in the 
Department's offices and workshops on the third and fourth floors. 
A large wall bookcase was installed in Room 90. Twelve especially 
designed packing cases for the shipment of specimens were con- 
structed for expeditions which the Department had in the field during 
the year. By building walls around surplus space in one of the cor- 
ridors a new room was provided for the storage of eggshell speci- 
mens. Eighteen steel cases, complete with trays, were installed for 
the storage of mounted insects. New steel cases were provided for 
the storage of alcoholic specimens in certain Divisions. Eight 
storage cases were installed on the east side of the fourth floor for 
the study collection of birds, and sixty-seven storage trays were 
also provided. 

An extensive project, undertaken to enlarge and improve storage 
facilities for the study collections of the Department of Zoology, was 
practically completed by the end of the year. This involved the 
construction of a mezzanine thirteen and one-half feet wide on the 
west side of the fourth floor, extending from the taxidermy shop to 
the paint shop, a distance of 280 feet, and the installation of an 
additional series of 123 large steel storage cases, bringing the total 
number of cases in this location to 249. This important improve- 
ment was made possible through the generosity of President Stanley 

188 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Field. By it the storage facilities on the fourth floor are approxi- 
mately doubled, and it is estimated that accommodations are thus 
provided for all zoological accessions which are likely to be received 
during the next ten years. The cases are of a type suitable for 
storage of birds, small mammals, bones, and alcoholic specimens 
of reptiles. 

A large new table was made for the reading room of the Library. A 
book-binders' press in the Division of Printing was rebuilt. Through- 
out the building window screens which required it were overhauled. 
A new double door was installed in the corridor at the west end of 
Hall K. The room provided for student guards was enlarged and 

In the James Simpson Theatre, sound motion picture projection 
equipment was installed. A beaded screen and fan blowers for the 
cooling of stereopticon slides were installed in the small lecture hall, 
this equipment having been presented to the Museum by Mr. 
Clarence B. Mitchell. To prevent seepage of light into this hall the 
windows were blocked up. 

Electrical work included the wiring of fifteen cases for Hall K, 
seven cases for Hall 0, and also a built-in case in the latter. Eleven 
new electrical outlets were installed for wall cases in Hall 21. Electric 
clocks were installed in the cafeteria and in the fourth floor taxidermy 
shop. Nine electrically operated water coolers were installed in 
various parts of the building. A new clutch was installed on the 
planer in room 38 (one of the third floor workshops of the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology). New brake controls were installed on the 
passenger elevator. 

Due to the rearrangement of the automobile drives passing the 
Museum, it was necessary to lay 125 feet of new eight-inch cast iron 
water main under the west drive. Steam return lines in Hall were 
considerably altered on account of the construction of new exhibi- 
tion cases. 

A large number of exhibition cases, including all those in Stanley 
Field Hall and Hall J (the Egyptian Hall) were lifted and cleaned, 
and many cases in various halls of the Department of Zoology 
were opened and cleaned. Eleven cases were temporarily installed 
in Stanley Field Hall. 

The walls of twelve halls, five offices, four corridors, and the 
entrance to the James Simpson Theatre, were washed and starched. 
Considerable painting v/as done, especially in Hall K, the south 
corridor of the ground floor, the third floor shop of the Division of 

Department of Anthropology 189 

Printing, and the ground floor carpenter and other shops of the 
Division of Maintenance. In the Division of Printing partitions 
were erected to create a new office for the head of the Division. Four 
downspouts to conduct water off the roof were repaired. Six aisle 
lights were made for the Simpson Theatre. 

Rooms 106 and 108 on the third floor were fitted up as a photo- 
graphic studio for the use of Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell, Research 
Associate in Photography, who is engaged at the Museum in the 
making of natural color pictures of various exhibits. 

The brick work on all boilers was overhauled ; a feed water meter 
was installed; a zoning damper was installed on the No. 2 boiler; 
the coal conveyor was overhauled and equipped with new slides 
and buckets; and the sump pump rotor in the boiler room was 
repaired. A saving of several hundred dollars was accomplished by 
using boiler compound prepared by the Museum's own engineering 
force. A number of additional radiators were installed for heating 
in various parts of the building. 

Under the contracts in force for a number of years, the Museum's 
heating plant continued to furnish steam required by the John G. 
Shedd Aquarium and Soldier Field, 13,930,834 pounds of steam 
being furnished to the former, and 8,767,997 to the latter. 

The Museum again benefited by favorable rates for electrical 
current under the "peak load contract" which has been in effect with 
the Commonwealth Edison Company for several years. This con- 
tract imposes certain restrictions on the use of electric light and 
power during the period from November 1 to February 28. 

Reports in detail of the year's activities in each of the Museum's 
Departments and Divisions will be found in the pages which follow: 



Archaeological field work in southwestern Colorado, suspended 
since 1934, was resumed, in 1937, under the leadership of Chief 
Curator Paul S. Martin. The expedition was financed through 
the generosity of President Stanley Field. 

Mr. Carl T. Lloyd, of Harvard University, was in charge of 
photography and the archaeological reconnaissance, and Mr. Alex- 
ander Spoehr, of the University of Chicago, of the surveying and 
excavating. The Museum gratefully acknowledges the work done 
by three volunteer assistants: Mr. Charles Di Peso, Mr. Frank 

190 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Gregg, and Mr. John Harpham. Acknowledgment is likewise due 
to Mr. and Mrs. Clyde D. Long, of Ackmen, who kindly permitted 
the expedition again to use their ranch for camp headquarters; and 
to Mr. Ben Williford, of Ackmen, who allowed the excavation of four 
ruins on his ranch. The Museum also wishes to thank Mr. B. L. 
Boiling, of Mason City, Iowa, for his co-operation. 

In previous years Dr. Martin had excavated in this region one 
large site, known as the Lowry Ruin, and various smaller ones known 
as unit-type houses. This work shed some light on the cultural 
history of the area during the period from about a.d. 950 to 1100. 
But nothing was known about the earlier history of this locality. 

It was Dr. Martin's aim, therefore, during the 1937 season, to 
excavate various small ruins and seek clews concerning the earlier 
history of the region. An intensive survey of the Ackmen-Lowry 
area was first undertaken. The first three weeks were entirely 
devoted to this task; later, it was continued intermittently. In 
order to obtain significant data which could be handled quanti- 
tatively and which could be fairly compared, it was considered 
necessary to do two things: (1) to cover practically every square 
foot of ground in the area being examined, collecting 100 sherds from 
every ruin; and (2) to work equal land areas. If these two rules were 
observed, the survey would be made objective, ignoring the unproven 
idea that the Indians preferred certain topographic conditions for 
their habitations. Furthermore, by surveying equal areas of land in 
each section of a township, one would obtain data which could be 
handled quantitatively, and could, by all rules, be fairly compared. 
As lack of time made it impossible to survey complete township 
sections, such thorough activity was restricted to the northwest and 
the southeast quarters of each section. In this way sixteen and one- 
fourth square miles in the Ackmen-Lowry region were carefully 
examined, and 180 sites in all were discovered. Mr. Lloyd's report 
on this work will be published with Dr. Martin's. 

The survey, to which a theoretical approach was worked out, 
produced a number of interesting problems. This may have many 
ramifications and result in a definite contribution to survey methods. 

After devoting three weeks to survey work, some excavations 
were started on what appeared to be sites of the periods designated 
by archaeologists as "Pueblo I" or "Pueblo II" sites. 

Site 1 consisted of a slab structure and an associated proto-kiva 
or pit house. There was no way of telling whether the pit structure 
was used for ceremonies, for habitation, or for both. The roof of 

Department of Anthropology 191 

the kiva-pit house was supported by four posts set in the floor. A 
low bench encircled a part of the outer zone. A sipapu or hole in 
the floor through which communication with the spirits was believed 
possible, as well as a rectangular firepit, and a ventilator, were 
discovered. No deflector was observed. 

The slab structure was small (about six feet wide), and may have 
been used for storage purposes. Fragments of masonry were found 
on top of some of the slabs. 

Just north of the slab house, a number of postholes were dis- 
covered. These were used for holding posts which may have formed 
a lean-to, the purpose of which is unknown. 

Site I may possibly be classified as Pueblo I or developmental 

Site 2 included a proto-kiva and two surface rooms. This proto- 
kiva contained a masonry banquette, on which were crude stone 
pilasters. The walls above the banquette were of dirt. Neither 
sipapu nor deflector was noted. 

The walls of the above-ground rooms were of exceedingly crude 
horizontal masonry. The stones were of all sizes and were not cut, 
shaped, or trimmed in any manner. It cannot be stated definitely 
whether or not these rooms were used for habitation. They were 
large enough certainly. 

Site 3, which appeared more like an early unit-type pueblo, 
consisted of four rooms and probably two kivas. One kiva was 
excavated. It was "primitive" in some ways, for the walls were of 
earth and a bench was lacking; but on the south was a typical 
southern recess sucrTas was so common in later unit-type and Mesa 
Verde kivas. The roof was supported by four posts. A deflector 
in the normal position was noted, but no sipapu. 

The walls of the rooms were composed of horizontal masonry, 
and were the best found during the season. It is possible that these 
rooms were used for domiciliary purposes. 

Site 4 was, most likely, occupied twice, the first occupation 
representing a culture older probably than any other found during 
the season. The original complex comprised two unconnected, 
wattle-and-daub structures, and a proto-kiva. The proto-kiva was 
nearly round. The roof had been supported by five posts, and no 
deflector or sipapu was noted. 

As the proto-kiva later had been cleaned out, enlarged and 
reoccupied, it is difficult to decide whether it was associated during 

    i » » i w . . *. .. VI •  i 

192 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

its first occupation with the two wattle-and-daub rooms. The 
people who later occupied it added a mud bench on which were 
placed six masonry pilasters, and some masonry in the wall around 
the ventilator tunnel. At the same time, the size of the ventilator 
opening was reduced. 

The method used in excavating was as follows: Each site was 
staked out in two-meter squares. Digging was done by squares and 
by levels, each level being 20 centimeters deep. 

A report on the work of this expedition is being prepared by Dr. 
Martin for publication early in 1938. 

At the Museum, Curator Albert B. Lewis finished research 
necessary for installing material from Korea, Japan, eastern Siberia, 
Ceylon, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and India for Hall K during 
the early part of the year. 

Curator Richard A. Martin spent most of the year cleaning, 
cataloguing, and sketching specimens from Kish and in research 
upon them. Under his supervision several hundred pieces of Sasanian 
stucco were restored, and their installation is now in progress. 

Curator Henry Field continued his leave of absence, begun in 
1936, until June, 1937, in order to attend Harvard University where 
he took two courses in physical anthropology under Dr. E. A. 
Hooton. There he also prepared statistical data for publication in 
reports on the physical anthropology of the peoples of Iraq, Iran, 
and Georgia (U.S.S.R.). In addition, he has almost completed his 
report, Contributions to the Anthropology of Iran, which is scheduled 
for publication in 1938. 

The degree of doctor of science was conferred upon Curator Field 
in June by Oxford University, in recognition of his published research 
work on the physical anthropology and prehistory of southwestern 
Asia, and his monograph, Arabs of Central Iraq, Their History, Eth- 
nology, and Physical Characters, published by Field Museum Press. 
Curator Field went to England to receive the degree. 

Curator Wilfrid D. Hambly spent most of the year supervising 
the publication of his Source Book for African Anthropology. Dr. 
Hambly also continued anthropometric work on a large series of 
skulls from New Guinea. This collection was made by Dr. Albert B. 
Lewis, leader of the Joseph N. Field Expedition (1910-13). A 
beginning was made with the study and statistical treatment of 
anthropometric data collected by Curator Hambly among men of 
the Ovimbundu tribe of Angola, during the Frederick H. Rawson- 
Field Museum Ethnological Expedition to West Africa (1929-30). 

Department of Anthropology 193 

Curator C. Martin Wilbur catalogued the collection of nearly 
seven hundred Chinese art objects bequeathed to the Museum by 
Mrs. George T. (Frances Ann Gaylord) Smith. The jades in this 
collection were placed on exhibition in the Hall of Jades (Hall 30). 

Editorial work was completed by Mr. Wilbur on one of the manu- 
scripts left unfinished by the late Dr. Berthold Laufer, former 
Curator of Anthropology. The outline of an analytic index of the 
extensive Chinese collections was drawn up, and the indexing was 
completed, under Mr. Wilbur's guidance, by Mrs. Arthur Willis, 
junior archaeologist assigned to the Museum by the Works Progress 

Mrs. Edna Horn Mandel, Associate on the Chinese Collections, 
engaged in a volunteer project for the systematic study of Field 
Museum's collection of Chinese paintings, with Mr. Wilbur co- 
operating. An important preliminary phase of this project was the 
planning and construction of an adequate yet simple storage case, 
designed by Mrs. Mandel, for several hundred paintings of various 
dimensions. Mrs. Mandel also devised and established a clever cata- 
loguing system especially adapted to Chinese paintings and rubbings. 

Mr. Wilbur assisted Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell, Research Associate 
in Photography, in the selection of Chinese jades for photographing 
in full natural color. Mr. Mitchell's photographs are of superb 
quality, and will be of great use and value to the Museum for 
purposes of record, lectures, publicity, and other uses. 

Invaluable aid has been rendered the Department by Miss 
Elizabeth McM. Hambleton, Associate in Southwestern Archaeology. 
Miss Hambleton has catalogued several large collections of south- 
western pottery, has classified and computed the percentages on 
more than 15,000 pieces of pottery from the 1937 Expedition to 
Southwestern Colorado, has compiled these data statistically and 
graphically, and has edited and rewritten portions of reports sub- 
mitted for publication. 

Among the anthropological publications issued during the year 
by Field Museum Press were Skeletal Material from San Jose Ruin, 
British Honduras, and A Source Book for African Anthropology, both 
by Curator Wilfrid D. Hambly. Dr. Hambly has worked on the 
text of the latter book, which is in two large volumes, since 1930. It 
offers a comprehensive survey of the ethnology, archaeology, physical 
anthropology, and modern social problems of Africa. Such a text- 
book and work of reference has been needed for teaching institutions, 
museums, and public libraries for many 3 T ears. The publication con- 

194 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

tains 111 illustrations, five maps, and a large bibliography, which is 
classified by authors and subjects. The text, bibliographies, and 
indexes fill almost a thousand pages. 

Also published were Textiles of the Early Nazca Period, by Dr. 
Lila M. O'Neale, and Canete Valley, by Dr. A. L. Kroeber. These 
publications constitute Numbers 3 and 4 of Volume II of the Anthro- 
pology Memoirs Series. The Leaflets, Races of Mankind, and Pre- 
historic Man, by Curator Henry Field, were revised and republished. 

A vast amount of the time of the Department staff has been spent 
in answering a wide variety of lay inquiries, which constantly pour 
in by letter and by telephone. Assistance has been rendered in 
identifying and attributing specimens brought in by visitors. Like- 
wise, much help has been given various students and scholars seeking 
special aid in assembling data on specimens, photographs, and 
bibliographies in connection with writing or research in which they 
are engaged. A great amount of time is also given to supervising 
various useful tasks upon which Works Progress Administration 
workers are engaged. 

Thirty-one articles were contributed by the staff of this Depart- 
ment to Field Museum News. The staff also supplied data used 
in twenty-four newspaper articles. 

Material collected in 1928 by the Field Museum-Oxford Uni- 
versity Joint Expedition to Mesopotamia (Iraq) figured in important 
research whereby Professor Wolfgang Amschler, of the College of 
Agriculture, Vienna, Austria, established that the history of the 
domestic horse dates back a thousand years earlier than had previ- 
ously been believed. Professor Amschler identified teeth and bones 
excavated by the Museum expedition from the Early Dynastic I 
(ca. 3000-2800 B.C.) tombs at Kish, Iraq, as those of Equus caballus. 
The earlier theory was that the horse was introduced into Babylonia 
by the Kassites during the early portion of the second millennium B.C. 


Accessions received and recorded during the year amount to 
twenty-six, of which twenty-three were acquired as gifts, one was 
acquired by exchange, one by purchase, and one by a Museum 
expedition. The total number of objects included in these accessions 
is 16,313. 

A complete list of Accessions will be found at the end of this 
Report. Some outstanding ones require special mention here: 

Department of Anthropology 195 

From Mr. Harold S. Gladwin, Director of Gila Pueblo, Globe, 
Arizona, was acquired an important type collection of pottery from 
the southwestern United States. The estate of Mrs. E. D. Christie, 
of Chicago, was the donor of an embroidered Persian shawl of great 
beauty and value. From Miss Mary I. Jones, of Detroit, Michigan, 
a gift of twenty-three pieces of Chinese jewelry was received. 
Mr. Homer E. Sargent, of Pasadena, California, an ever generous 
donor, added, to the already priceless collection which he has gathered 
and presented to the Museum over a long period, twenty-two excel- 
lent baskets made by Indians of California, Oregon, and Washington. 
Mr. F. 0. Thompson, of Des Moines, Iowa, made a gift of twenty 
pairs of silver earrings from Toluca, Mexico. Mr. N. Dwight Harris, 
of Evanston, Illinois, presented two images of Chinese deities, one of 
brass and one of wood. About 15,000 specimens were acquired as a 
result of the Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to the South- 
west. These consist mainly of potsherds taken from various levels 
of the four excavated sites, but include also many restorable pots and 
some bone and stone tools. A number of charred logs were likewise 
recovered, and these have been sent to Dr. Emil W. Haury of the 
University of Arizona, at Tucson, for dating. 


Entries were made for fourteen of the twenty-six accessions 
received during the year. Likewise, there were entered twenty-one 
accessions of previous years. 

The number of catalogue cards prepared during the year total 
8,561, of which 1,792 were entered. The total number of catalogue 
cards entered from the opening of the first volume is 216,070. 

The catalogue cards for the current year were distributed as 
follows: North American archaeology and ethnology, 1,405; Central 
and South American, and Mexican archaeology and ethnology, 24; 
European archaeology and ethnology, 50; Chinese archaeology and 
ethnology, 718; African ethnology, 3; Kish archaeology, 6,355; 
Persian ethnology, 1; East Indian ethnology, 2; physical anthro- 
pology, 3. 

The Division of Printing supplied a total of 2,162 labels for use in 
exhibition cases. These labels were distributed as follows: Hall of 
the Races of Mankind, 813; North American archaeology, 20; 
ethnology of the Southwest, 26; Lowry Ruin, 2; Ainu, Burma, 
Ceylon, Korea, and eastern Siberia, 437; India, 326; China, 240; 
Greece and Rome, 1; Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 287; and for a 

196 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

special exhibit, 10. The Division of Printing also supplied 4,700 
catalogue cards, 26,000 index cards, 2,200 record sheets, and other 
similar material. 

The number of additional photographs mounted in the depart- 
mental albums is 372. One new photograph album was opened. 

Workers assigned to the Department by the Works Progress 
Administration of the federal government accomplished an extraor- 
dinary amount of useful work in cleaning, repairing, and catalogu- 
ing specimens, preparation of exhibition material, and clerical duties. 


Installation of materials for a new Hall of Asiatic Ethnology 
(covering regions outside of China and Japan) has continued through- 
out the year. The specimens to be exhibited have never before been 
shown. It has been necessary for Curator Lewis to sort the collec- 
tions, catalogue many of the specimens, and engage in special research 
in order to write correct labels. During 1937 Dr. Lewis, with the 
assistance of Preparator J. William Harrison, finished fourteen cases. 
These contain objects from Korea, India, Nicobar Islands, Andaman 
Islands, Siberia, and the islands of Yezo and Sakhalin. 

Curator Wilbur, assisted by Mr. Harrison, installed three cases 
of jade in the Hall of Chinese Jades (Hall 30). The specimens were 
bequeathed to the Museum in 1936 by the late Mrs. George T. 
(Frances Ann Gaylord) Smith. By means of special case lighting 
the variety of colors of the jades is brought out, and the translucency 
and internal structure of some of the specimens is revealed. 

In Hall B (archaeology of North America), a special exhibit 
illustrating a method of manufacturing chipped stone implements 
was planned, prepared, and installed by Mr. L. L. Pray, of the 
Department of Zoology, assisted by Preparator Herbert E. Weeks 
and Miss Nell Starkson (employed for the Museum by the federal 
Works Progress Administration). Chief Curator Martin supervised 
the creation of this exhibit. 

Preparator Weeks installed several cases of lower invertebrates 
for the Department of Zoology. 

Sorting, cleaning, repairing, and identifying of specimens in 
storage were continued under the direction of Mr. Paul Warner, a 
competent ethnologist employed by the federal Works Progress 

A subject index of specimens was begun by Mrs. Elizabeth Willis, 
anthropologist employed by the Works Progress Administration. 


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Department of Botany 197 

All specimens from the Near and Far East have already been indexed 
and their location in the Museum noted. 

Mr. Tokumatsu Ito, who is in charge of special repair work for 
the Department, treated, repaired and restored 275 objects. Mr. 
Robert Yule, assistant and letterer in the Department, marked 
identification numbers on 2,247 objects, made many drawings 
needed for publication, and assisted the Chief Curator in many 
other ways. 



Late in January Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic 
Botany, sailed from New Orleans, for Coatzacoalcos, or Puerto 
Mexico, in the state of Veracruz, to make a general botanical collec- 
tion on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and to bring together a repre- 
sentative collection of wood specimens for study purposes. The 
region in which operations were conducted embraces parts of the 
states of Veracruz and Oaxaca, where a variation of vegetative zones 
and a wealth of plant species are found within a comparatively 
small area. 

The first ten weeks, from early February to April, were spent in 
various mahogany camps at Fortuno, a tract of forest land measuring 
about 270 square miles between the Rivers Coatzacoalcos and 
Coachapan. The task of obtaining herbarium and wood specimens 
was greatly simplified by following the men who were felling mahog- 
any, Spanish cedar, primavera, and other woods exported to the 
United States. 

From the middle of April until late in June collecting was con- 
tinued farther south at Uvero and Tolosita, in the state of Oaxaca. 
The terrain here is more hilly than at Fortuno, and the vegetation 
shows some distinction. Several species of plants that had not been 
reported previously from Fortuno were collected in this area. During 
May a trip was made also to Salto de Agua and Palenque, in northern 
Chiapas, a region rich in mahogany and chicle trees, the latter the 
source of latex used in the manufacture of chewing gum. 

Late in June collecting was begun at Salina Cruz on the Pacific 
coast. Unlike the wet climate and dense tall forest growth on the 
side of the isthmus facing the Gulf of Mexico, the climate around 
Salina Cruz is extremely dry, resulting in the stunted vegetation of 
cacti, armed shrubs, and small trees characteristic of arid zones. 
The next collecting center was Tehuantepec, a historic city about 

198 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

thirty miles inland, surrounded by the cloud-covered ranges of the 
Sierra Madre. At Almoloya, about halfway between Uvero and 
Salina Cruz, an opportunity was provided to obtain specimens of 
pine and several species of oak which abound on the upper slopes 
of the hills encircling the plain on which this small village stands. 

Assistance greatly facilitating the work was given by various 
American individuals and concerns operating in Mexico, and Field 
Museum wishes to express its cordial appreciation for the co-opera- 
tion extended by them. Special acknowledgment should be made to 
Mr. Frederick J. Riker, President of the Maderas Tropicales, at 
Minatitlan, Veracruz, through whose interest and generosity accom- 
modations and native help were provided during the time spent by 
Mr. Williams at Fortuno, on the Coatzacoalcos River. The Museum 
is likewise grateful to Messrs. Bruce L. Hoover, James Barker, and 
D. C. Crawley for the hospitality and generous help given to Curator 
Williams during his stay of several weeks at Uvero and Tolosita, 

As a result of the expedition there were obtained 1,650 herbarium 
specimens, including several new or rare species, in most instances 
with one or more duplicates. Also obtained were more than 500 speci- 
mens of woods, each one having corresponding herbarium material; 
numerous specimens of fruits, seeds, and gums for addition to the 
economic collections; and 462 photographic negatives of trees and 
other subjects. 

It has long been the desire of the Department of Botany to 
obtain for its exhibits a specimen of Welwitschia, a remarkable 
woody plant of great botanical interest, existing in limited numbers 
only in some localities in southeast Africa where it is now protected 
by law. This year the Portuguese government granted permission 
to Field Museum to obtain a specimen in Angola, and Professor H. 
Humbert, Director of the Division of Phanerogams, of the Museum 
d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris, kindly agreed to visit, on his way to 
Madagascar, the Portuguese African colony on behalf of Field 
Museum. Making several excursions into the Mossamedes Desert, 
he obtained a complete collection of dried and preserved material 
of this extraordinary gymnosperm. The carefully packed specimens 
arrived in the United States Customs House in Chicago a few days 
before the end of the year. 

The Museum acknowledges special indebtedness not only to 
Professor Humbert for his sendees, and for his detailed observations 
and notes on this plant, but also to Dr. M. A. Pimentel Teixeira. 

Department of Botany 199 

of Mossamedes, and to officials of the colonial forest and irrigation 
service of Angola, for their co-operation with Dr. Humbert in securing 
and shipping this material. 

In Europe, Associate Curator J. Francis Macbride, continuing 
his work described in previous Reports (1929 to 1936 inclusive), 
of photographing tropical American plant type specimens, divided 
his time during 1937 between the herbaria at Geneva and Paris. 
At the Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques of Geneva he was enabled, 
through continued co-operation of Dr. B. P. G. Hochreutiner, 
Director, to photograph further types from the rich collections of 
that institution. He also had photographed there a large number of 
specimens lent for the purpose by the herbaria of Vienna and Madrid. 

Material at Vienna had been selected for photographing during 
the previous year, and its loan was made possible by the interest of 
Dr. Karl Keissler, of the Naturhistorisches Museum. Similarly, the 
Madrid specimens had been selected during a visit to the Jardin 
Botanico before the beginning of the civil war in Spain. Permission 
to forward them to Geneva, where they could be photographed more 
conveniently, was then generously extended by the Director, Dr. 
Antonio Garcia Varela. 

A particularly important series of negatives, obtained by Mr. 
Macbride in Geneva, is that of copies made there more than a century 
ago of the drawings of the Sesse" and Mocifio collection of Mexican 
plants. The originals of these drawings are lost, but the copies, made 
by De Candolle, are the basis for descriptions of numerous new 
species. Previously there have existed in the United States only 
poor tracings of some of these plates, which are important for study 
of the Mexican flora. It is hoped that these photographs may 
facilitate the recognition of some of the Sesse" and Mocifio plants 
whose identity has long been uncertain. They will be particularly 
valuable in study of the Sesse" and Mocifio Herbarium, now on loan 
at Field Museum, having been sent here by the Jardin Botanico of 
Madrid early in 1936. The story of the Sesse" and Mocino Expedi- 
tion, incidentally, served as the topic for one of Field Museum's 
radio broadcasts during the summer of 1937. 

At the end of 1937 there had been received at the Museum 5,789 
negatives made under Mr. Macbride' s supervision during the past two 
years. The total number of such negatives of type specimens now at 
hand is 34,289, illustrating almost as many species of tropical 
American plants. Together they represent the majority of species 

200 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

known from South America, and form a study series which for com- 
pleteness is equaled in few if any other institutions. 

The practical utility of these photographs is realized by all 
botanists who have seen them, and they are constantly in demand for 
monographic research in both America and Europe. Similar photo- 
graphic work upon so extensive a scale has never before been under- 
taken by any botanical institution. Prints from the negatives are 
made available by the Museum to botanists generally. During the 
past year 3,115 such prints have been furnished at cost of production 
to institutions in North and South America, and many others have 
been sent in exchange for similar type photographs desired by Field 

Collections received for determination and study from widely 
scattered sources have occupied fully the time of the Herbarium staff 
throughout the year. Care of the Herbarium has been greatly 
facilitated by the employment throughout 1937 of a large number of 
workers supplied by the Works Progress Administration of the 
federal government. Although direction of the WPA workers has 
consumed much of the time of the staff, this is justified by the 
results accomplished. There have been mounted and added to the 
Herbarium 40,255 sheets of specimens and photographs, and more 
than 12,400 printed or typewritten descriptions of new species of 
plants. These figures indicate rapid growth, and compare well with 
similar data for other large herbaria of the world. The total number 
of specimens now in the Herbarium is 894,500. All work of mounting 
has been brought up to date, and only current collections remain. 
These are handled promptly, the mounted specimens being dis- 
tributed into the permanent study collections within a few weeks of 
receipt, making new accessions quickly available for consultation. 

Good progress has been made at cleaning and repairing sheets in 
the general Herbarium. Several persons were occupied with this task 
during the year, to the great benefit of the collections. Many 
hundreds of new covers for genera and species were written, data 
upon the sheets were corrected and amplified, and search was made 
for misplaced specimens such as occur, in spite of all care, in every 
large herbarium. 

Considerable work was also done in rearrangement, according 
to recent literature, of certain groups of plants. The greater part 
of the grasses, for instance, was thus rearranged in accordance with 
recently published manuals and floras. A large amount of surplus 

Field Museum of Natural Histury 

Reports, Vol. XI, Plate XIX 

Flowering and fruiting branch of Cassia fistula, a leguminous tree of India, reproduced from nature 

Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) 




Department of Botany 201 

palm material, originally collected for the exhibits, was cut up and 
prepared for incorporation into the Herbarium. 

There were submitted to the Herbarium for study and determina- 
tion more than 13,280 specimens of plants, principally from tropical 
America and the United States, but representing also various other 
regions. While part of this material was returned to the senders 
after determinations had been made, the larger portion was retained 
for preservation in the Herbarium. Besides, there were named but 
not retained for the collections many plant specimens from the 
Chicago region and elsewhere that were brought or mailed to the 
Museum by visitors, teachers, and students. Hundreds of inquiries 
regarding the most varied botanical matters were answered by mail 
and telephone. 

During 1937 the Herbarium has been consulted by many visiting 
botanists, not only from the Chicago region but from near and 
remote parts of the United States, and also from foreign countries. 
It has been used frequently by scientists and students from the 
several large universities in or near Chicago and elsewhere in Illinois 
or neighboring states. Its use is intensified by the fact that it is the 
only large herbarium existing within a radius of several hundred 
miles. The staff of the Museum's own Department of Botany, of 
course, utilizes it constantly as a source of information and as the 
basis of original studies. 

Botanical publications of 1937 much exceeded, in number of 
pages, those of any previous year in the Museum's history, and 
included one complete volume of the Botanical Series. Among them 
is Number 3 of Volume IX, Useful Plants and Drugs of Iran and Iraq, 
by Dr. David Hooper of Wellcome Historical Medical Museum, 
London, with notes by Dr. Henry Field, Curator of Physical Anthro- 
pology at Field Museum. This publication is based on the economic 
part of the collection of plants and notes made by the latter on the 
Field Museum Anthropological Expedition to the Near East (1934). 

Of Volume XIII, Flora of Peru, by Associate Curator J. Francis 
Macbride, two parts were issued. This work is intended to be a 
descriptive account of all flowering plants known from Peru, and is 
based primarily on the Museum's extensive Peruvian collections 
obtained chiefly by its botanical expeditions to that country. When 
completed, this work will consist of six large volumes, of which six 
scattered parts have been issued to date. In the parts published 
during 1937, accounts of certain families were contributed by the 

202 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Rev. Mr. F. E. Wimmer, of Vienna, Dr. R. Pilger, of Berlin, and 
Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip, of Washington, D.C. 

Volume XVI, issued in 1937, contains more than 700 pages and 
189 text figures. It is devoted to an account of the genus Bidens, 
by Dr. E. E. Sherff, Research Associate in Systematic Botany at 
Field Museum. The genus, with 233 species, is one of the largest 
of the vast family Compositae, and is represented in tropical and 
temperate regions of almost the whole earth. The volume repre- 
sents many years of research, based upon material from all the larger 
herbaria of both hemispheres. 

Of Volume XVII three parts were published during 1937. Num- 
ber 1 is The North American Species of Rumex, by Dr. K. H. Rech- 
inger, Jr., of the Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna. Numbers 2 and 
3, Studies of American Plants, Parts VII and VIII, by Curator Paul 
C. Standley, are devoted principally to descriptions of new species 
of tropical American plants. 

Volume XVIII, by Curator Standley, enumerating and describing 
the Flora of Costa Rica, is based upon studies in both field and 
herbarium. The two parts published, consisting of 790 pages, cover 
perhaps three-fifths of the plants known from that small Central 
American republic, which possesses one of the most varied floras 
of all tropical regions. 

During the year Curator Standley published in various periodi- 
cals three short articles on American plants. He also contributed 
accounts of several families to the Flora of Peru, and descriptions of 
new species that appeared in papers published by other authors. 

Two additions were made to the Museum's series of Botanical 
Leaflets. Number 20, House Plants, by Robert Van Tress, Horti- 
culturist at Garfield Park Conservatory, illustrates and describes, 
with directions for their care, about thirty ornamental plants most 
commonly sold and used for window-gardening and home decoration. 
In addition, it lists some fifty others, less usual, that may be grown 
for the same purpose. Number 21, Tea, by Mr. Llewelyn Williams, 
Curator of Economic Botany, deals briefly with the history of the tea 
plant, its cultivation in the various tea-growing countries, and 
methods of classifying tea and preparing it for market. 

Members of the Department staff prepared for the periodical 
Tropical Woods a large number of abstracts and reviews of current 
literature relating to woody plants of the tropics. They contributed 
many articles for Field Museum News, as well as data for various 
newspaper articles. 

Department of Botany 203 

accessions — botany 

During 1937 the Department of Botany received 303 accessions, 
comprising 53,551 specimens. Both the number of accessions, and 
the number of specimens included in them, were much larger than in 
the preceding year, and their value was apparently much greater. 
The accessions included specimens for the exhibits, for the Her- 
barium, and for the wood and economic collections. Of the total 
number, 15,192 were gifts, 22,307 were acquired in exchange, 3,053 
were purchased, 11,970 were obtained by Museum expeditions, and 
the remainder were received from miscellaneous sources. 

The most important single accession for the exhibits received 
during the year was of paleobotanical character, viz., one of the well- 
known fossil cycad trunks collected years ago in the Black Hills of 
South Dakota by the late President T. H. Macbride, of the Uni- 
versity of Iowa. This was obtained, by exchange, through the 
friendly co-operation of Mr. Fred Thompson, of Des Moines, and 
the courtesy of Dean G. F. Kay, of the University of Iowa. These 
remarkably preserved plant fossils have been made famous through 
the monograph on them by Professor G. R. Wieland, of Yale 
University. The Museum's specimen will serve as the basis for a 
three-dimensional restoration to which will be assigned an appropriate 
place in the botanical exhibits. 

To the collections of economic material and woods there were 
added 704 specimens. Almost two hundred of these were con- 
tributed by individuals, and scientific or commercial institutions, 
as gifts or exchanges. The remainder, including a trunk of a Mexican 
rubber tree for the rubber exhibit in Hall 28, and some five hundred 
specimens of woods, were assembled by the Field Museum Botanical 
Expedition to Southern Mexico. The names of all contributors will 
be found in the list of Accessions (p. 254); particular mention 
of a few follows herewith. 

Mr. B. A. Krukoff, of New York, who has done much col- 
lecting in the Amazon region and elsewhere, presented several 
samples of Para rubber, barks of trees, roots used for fish poison, 
and latex from various species of trees, all assembled by him 
during 1933 in Brazil. The Hammermill Paper Company, Erie, 
Pennsylvania, furnished samples of unbleached, bleached and 
colored paper pulp and machine stock to replace material which had 
deteriorated or become discolored after being on display for several 
years. Friends of the Western Mountains, through their secretary, 
Mr. C. E. Graves, gave the Museum photographs of red alder and 

204 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Sitka spruce, required to complete the exhibits of those woods in 
Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26). Through the courtesy of Mr. 
0. A. Oakes, Evanston, Illinois, there were received four large planks 
of important commercial woods of New Zealand. These are par- 
ticularly appreciated because heretofore no material from that country 
has been available for exhibition in the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 
27). From Mr. S. M. Le Barron, New Orleans, Louisiana, there were 
received several planks of woods from Mexico, including walnut and 

Of the total receipts, specimens for the Herbarium amounted 
to 52,682, including plant material, photographs, and typed descrip- 
tions. A large amount of exceptionally valuable herbarium material 
was received through exchange. First in importance was a sending 
of 4,709 specimens from the Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, 
transmitted by Dr. Karl Keissler, Director of the Botanical Section. 
This large series consisted in major part of old collections from Brazil 
and Peru, representing type material of several hundred species 
discovered by the earlier collectors, and not represented previously 
in American herbaria. Another exchange of similarly valuable 
material, amounting to 665 specimens from tropical America, was re- 
ceived from the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle (Phanerogamie), Paris, 
through the courtesy of Professor H. Humbert. The Conservatoire 
et Jardin Botaniques, Geneva, in continuation of previous generous 
sendings of plants, transmitted 1,837 specimens of historical interest, 
which supplement admirably the series of type photographs made in 
that institution by Associate Curator Macbride. This new shipment 
was made possible by the courtesy of the Director, Dr. Hochreutiner. 

Other important receipts of specimens through exchange included 
357 specimens of Mexican plants, from the Arnold Arboretum, 
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts; 406 specimens of California plants, 
from the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco; 378 speci- 
mens of Utah plants, from the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh; 2,078 
specimens from Guatemala and the United States, from the Depart- 
ment of Botany, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; 339 speci- 
mens collected in Glacier National Park, Montana, from the Depart- 
ment of Botany, De Pauw University, Greencastle, Indiana; 550 
specimens of Hawaiian plants, from Dr. F. Raymond Fosberg, 
Philadelphia; 412 specimens of United States and Brazilian plants, 
from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University; 204 specimens of 
Argentine plants, from the Instituto de Botanica Darwinion, San 
Isidro, Argentina; 521 specimens and photographs of unusual his- 

Department of Botany 205 

torical interest from the Narodni Museum, Prague, Czechoslovakia; 
360 specimens of North Dakota plants, from the North Dakota 
Agricultural College; 668 specimens and photographs, representing 
chiefly species of tropical America, from the United States National 
Museum; 587 specimens, chiefly of Mexico and Central America, 
from the Herbarium of the University of Michigan; 851 specimens of 
United States plants from the Department of Botany, University of 
Minnesota; and 627 specimens of Canadian plants, from the De- 
partment of Botany, University of Montreal. 

Among numerous gifts of herbarium material accessioned during 
the year are many of outstanding value, particularly from tropical 
America. Among these may be mentioned 335 Mexican plants, from 
the Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; 134 
specimens of Costa Rican plants, from the Department of Botany, 
Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota; 228 specimens of Colombian 
plants, from the Rev. Brother Elias, Barranquilla; 730 beautifully 
prepared specimens from Jardim Botanico de Bello Horizonte, 
Brazil; 567 specimens of Guatemalan plants from Dr. John R. 
Johnston, Chimaltenango ; 667 specimens of Brazilian plants, from 
Mr. Boris A. Krukoff, New York; 1,085 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants, from the Museo Nacional, San Jose, through its director, 
Professor Juvenal Valerio Rodriguez; 184 specimens from Professor 
J. Soukup, Puno, Peru; 237 specimens from Professor Manuel 
Valerio, San Jose, Costa Rica; 219 specimens of Peruvian plants, 
from Dr. Cesar Vargas, Cuzco; 325 specimens of Brazilian plants 
from the Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Para; and 218 specimens 
of plants of Honduras, from Professor T. G. Yuncker, Greencastle, 

The Department of Botany of the University of Texas, through 
Professor B. C. Tharp, presented 1,431 specimens, chiefly from 
western Texas and northeastern Mexico, most of which were named 
at Field Museum. In continuation of his practice of former years, 
Professor Samuel J. Record, of the Yale School of Forestry, New 
Haven, Connecticut, forwarded 258 specimens representing woody 
plants of South America, Africa, and the Pacific Islands. The 
largest single gift of the year consisted of 4,078 specimens from 
Missouri, presented by Assistant Curator Julian A. Steyermark. 
This material is chiefly from the Ozark region, and was obtained 
during an intensive survey carried on during the past summer. Mr. 
J. S. Daston, Chicago, contributed twenty-four specimens of cacti 
collected by him in the southwestern United States and in Mexico. 

206 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Other gifts include 315 specimens from the United States and 
Europe, being the private herbarium of the late Mrs. Abigail Butler, 
presented by Mr. McCrillis Butler, Chicago; 236 specimens from the 
central states, by Mr. Hermann C. Benke, Chicago; 850 specimens 
of Utah plants, from Dr. Helen Dixon, Chicago; 438 specimens of 
New Mexico plants, from Sister M. Marcelline, Grand Rapids, 
Michigan; 165 specimens of Texas plants, from Mr. Ernest G. Marsh, 
Jr., Austin; 357 specimens of Missouri plants, from Mr. George 
Moore, Lebanon; and 566 plants of various regions, from Dr. E. E. 
Sherff, Chicago. 


Workers assigned to the Department by the federal Works 
Progress Administration rendered great assistance in the reorgani- 
zation and arrangement of reference and exchange material, of her- 
barium and economic specimens, and of woods. They also performed 
many and varied tasks of typing. More than 257,000 catalogue 
cards were written by them for permanent and temporary files, some 
of which, when completed, will be of extraordinary practical value. 
Many thousands of herbarium and wood collection labels were pre- 
pared for the permanent collections and for duplicates sent out as 

The economic collections, stored in large part in the lockers under 
the exhibition cases in Halls 26, 27, 28 and 29, were again thoroughly 
gone over. For convenience in future reference, each locker was 
supplied with a typed list of its contents, checked against the existing 
catalogues of this material. 

During 1937 there were distributed, to institutions and indi- 
viduals, forty-five lots of material, including 11,437 herbarium 
specimens, wood specimens, photographs, and typed descriptions of 
new species. These were sent to numerous institutions and indi- 
viduals in North and South America, and Europe. Sixty-three lots 
of specimens were lent for study to institutions and individuals in 
North and South America, and Europe, and fifty-one lots were 
received on loan, for study or determination. 


An important improvement for the botanical exhibits was made 
early in the year by the construction of built-in cases in the unoccu- 
pied north end of the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) to provide exhibi- 
tion place for three of six ecological groups planned for this hall. 

Department of Botany 207 

The three groups which will occupy this end of the hall are designed 
to represent characteristic aspects of the vegetation of the frigid and 
temperate zone. Those planned for the south end will illustrate plant 
formations of the tropics and subtropics. 

Work on two of the groups has been under way for some time. 
Material for the first one, a large diorama of an alpine meadow with a 
special variety of arctic vegetation, selected for its ready accessibility, 
was collected first in 1927. Work on it was then carried on for some 
months, but was halted in favor of completing the Carboniferous 
forest reconstruction now on exhibition in Ernest R. Graham Hall 
(Hall 38) of the Department of Geology. Resumed in 1936, work on 
the alpine group was brought near to completion in 1937, with the 
aid of workers supplied by the Works Progress Administration. 

Material, photographs and observations on which the group is 
based were obtained in the Medicine Bow Range in Wyoming at an 
altitude of 12,000 feet above sea level, near the University of Wyo- 
ming summer camp about forty miles from Laramie. The exhibit, a 
twenty-five foot diorama, when completed will represent a Rocky 
Mountain summer landscape at the timber-line, where alpine con- 
ditions determine the character of the vegetation. The painted 
background will show an extensive plain with snow-capped moun- 
tains in the distance. In the foreground reproductions of the flora of 
the alpine meadow will illustrate its late midseason condition — early 
spring flowers still in contact with remaining snow on the one hand, 
while on the other, farthest removed from the snow, vegetation far 
advanced and beginning to assume aspects ranging from those of late 
summer to autumn. The simultaneous presence of spring, summer 
and autumn conditions is characteristic of such a habitat. Lingering 
snow retards the blooming of the spring flora, while at the same 
time the quick growth and rapid succession demanded by the short- 
ness of the growing period brings into flower and fruit, in the space 
of a few weeks, a tufted carpet of low-growing, flowering herbs, along 
with some stunted juniper and prostrate spruces as the only repre- 
sentatives of the woody vegetation below. 

The preparation of this group, including all details involved in 
the collection of botanical specimens and other material and data, 
as well as the reproduction of the large number of individual plants 
of more than thirty species represented, has throughout been in charge 
of Mr. Emil Sella, of the Plant Reproduction Laboratories staff. 
The painted background is the work of Museum staff artists. The 
preliminary sketches were made by Mr. Charles A. Corwin, and are 

' f I 



208 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

being carried out and elaborated on a large scale by Mr. Arthur G. 

The second ecological group under way, well advanced with the 
help of WPA workers, is one representing a spring woodland scene 
such as was once typical of the Chicago area, and may still be found 
in a few undisturbed spots beyond the limits of the city. 

A third exhibition project, carried on during the year with the aid 
of skilled WPA workers under the supervision of Mr. John R. Millar, 
of the Department staff (until his transfer late in the year to the 
Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension), is also 
not quite completed. It is a reproduction of a nipa palm for Hall 25. 
The preserved botanical material and data for this was obtained in 
the Georgetown Botanic Gardens by the Stanley Field Expedition 
to British Guiana (1922). 

Several other exhibits to which the labor of WPA workers under 
the supervision of Mr. Millar has contributed in greater or less degree 
are under way. One of them is a small-scale diorama of a cassava 
starch mill for the food plant exhibits in Hall 25. Another is a repro- 
duction of a clump of epiphytic bee-swarm orchid, a species of 
Cyrtopodium, for the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29). 

The case devoted to the rose family, to which belong most of the 
well-known fruits and berries of the temperate zone, received some 
special attention with the preparation of further material. A branch 
of sour cherry, reproduced by Mr. Milton Copulos of the Laboratories 
staff, is the latest addition. 

The exhibition case devoted to the royal palm and its allies was 
reinstalled early in the year, with the addition of new material and 
photographs. Several transparencies of scenes pertaining to food 
plants were prepared for the windows of Hall 25. 

In Charles F. Millspaugh Hall of North American Woods (Hall 26), 
two new installations were made, namely, Idaho white pine, material 
of which was presented several years ago by the Panhandle Lumber 
Company, Boise, Idaho; and sycamore, for which the Keith Lumber 
Company, Chicago, and the Eastman-Gardiner Hardwood Company, 
Laurel, Mississippi, gave material in 1931 and 1935. Photographic 
enlargements were also added to the exhibits of incense and western 
red cedar. Of the eighty-four species of North American trees 
selected for display in this hall, on the basis of the commercial value 
of their wood, there now remain to be added only the three western 
species: Sitka spruce, noble fir, and red alder. 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. XI, Plate XX 


Model showing types of injections into sedimentary strata 

Clarence Buckingham Hall (Hall 35) 










Department of Geology 209 

In the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27), there was installed 
one case of woods of Mexico, consisting of twelve planks representa- 
tive of some of the commercial species of southern Mexico which are 
now imported into the United States. These were presented in 1935 
by Mr. Bruce Hoover, of Mexico City. 



An expedition to western Colorado, under the leadership of 
Assistant Curator Bryan Patterson, spent three months collecting 
vertebrate fossils. Mr. James H. Quinn, of the paleontology labora- 
tories staff, accompanied Mr. Patterson. Curator Elmer S. Riggs 
joined the expedition for a part of the season, and two volunteers, 
Mr. Clayton A. Quinn, of Ainsworth, Nebraska, and Mr. Theodore 
Burdish, of Hazelcrest, Illinois, contributed valuable services. Many 
specimens were collected from the Upper Paleocene beds of Plateau 
Valley, and others were collected from Lower Eocene formations. 
The more important specimens include a mountable skeleton of a new 
genus of tusked amblypod (discovered by Mr. Alfred A. Look, of 
Grand Junction, Colorado), the anterior half of the skeleton of a 
second new amblypod, a skull and other parts of a new uintathere, the 
skull and jaws of a Paleocene species of Phenacodus, the skull and jaws 
of a large Coryphodon, and good specimens of crocodiles. 

The expedition made a collection also of fossil plants and gastro- 
pods from the Upper Cretaceous and Paleocene formations. It is 
expected that this collection of fossil plants will disclose specimens 
new to science, and that it will be an important aid in arriving at a 
better understanding of the stratigraphy of the area in which they 
were collected. A study of this collection should reveal much about 
the vegetation contemporaneous with the Paleocene vertebrates 
collected by the expedition, and provide a clearer picture of the 
surroundings under which these animals lived. 

The success enjoyed by the expedition was in no small measure 
due to the friendliness and generous co-operation of residents in the 
region. Among these, Messrs. Edwin B. Faber and Alfred A. Look, 
of Grand Junction; Messrs. J. Edwin and Douglas Harris, and 
Miss Julia Harris, of Mesa; Mr. Hatton Edgerly, of De Beque; Mr. 
Charles Deardorff and Miss Hazel Deardorff, of Silt; and Messrs. 
William B. Hilton and G. Bradley Harris, of Rifle, should be especially 

210 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

mentioned. It is safe to say that the results of the expedition would 
have fallen far short of what was actually accomplished had it not 
been for the aid given by these and other persons in the donation of 
specimens and in the ready granting of facilities for working. 

Curator Sharat K. Roy spent five weeks during July and August 
in northwestern Colorado collecting specimens needed for the in- 
stallation of an enlarged collection illustrating structural and physical 
geology in Clarence Buckingham Hall (Hall 35). Besides collecting 
examples of rock folding, which was the principal object of the expedi- 
tion, other specimens needed for later stages of this installation, as 
well as a number of fine zeolite minerals, were obtained. Much of the 
success of the expedition was due to the active co-operation of Dr. 
P. G. Worcester, of the University of Colorado, who has carried on 
field work in the region for many years. 

Mr. Roy, working under a grant-in-aid from the Carnegie Cor- 
poration, New York, spent two months visiting eastern museums and 
universities. The purposes of the trip were: (1) Comparative studies 
of Ordovician arctic fossils collected by Mr. Roy during the Rawson- 
MacMillan Subarctic Expedition (1927-28) with fossils of the same 
age from North America; (2) consultations with specialists in Ordo- 
vician stratigraphy and paleontology; (3) study of methods of classi- 
fication and exhibition of igneous rocks; (4) study of methods of 
exhibition of invertebrate paleontology and physical geology; (5) 
study of general museum technique relating to geology. The studies 
and comparisons of Ordovician fossils were undertaken to increase 
the value of Mr. Roy's monograph on the geology and paleontology 
of Baffin Land, in which he is incorporating the results of his work as 
a member of the Rawson-MacMillan Expedition. The other studies 
were undertaken in connection with revisions of exhibited collections 
now under way or contemplated. During this trip Mr. Roy visited 
the following institutions, in all of which he received the most hearty 
co-operation: the American Museum of Natural History, New York; 
Columbia University, New York; Yale University, New Haven, 
Connecticut; United States National Museum, Washington, D. C; 
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey; Princeton Univer- 
sity, New Jersey; and the Peabody Museums at Harvard University, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, and at Yale. All the studies and obser- 
vations were successfully and profitably carried out. 

Many of the fossil mammals from the Marshall Field Paleonto- 
logical Expeditions to South America (1922-25 and 1926-27) and 
from the more recent expeditions to Colorado, are new species and in 

Department of Geology 211 

some cases new genera, or are from species inadequately studied in 
the past. Concurrently with the preparation of these specimens, 
which has been the principal task of the vertebrate paleontologists 
for several years, Curator Riggs and Assistant Curator Patterson 
have continued studies of them. The results of such studies as have 
been completed appear in four papers published during the year. 
Three of these — A Mounted Skeleton of Homaladotherium, by Mr. 
Riggs; A New Genus Barylambda for Titanoides Faberi, Paleocene 
Amblypod, by Mr. Patterson; and A Soricid and Two Erinaceids from 
the White River Oligocene, by Mr. Patterson in collaboration with Mr. 
Paul 0. McGrew, of the University of Chicago — were published by 
the Museum. One, A New Pleistocene Bog Deposit and Its Fauna, by 
Mr. Riggs, was published by the Illinois State Academy of Science. 
A fifth paper, also by Mr. Riggs, The Stratigraphy of the Catamarcan 
Pliocene Deposits, is to be published by the Second Argentine 
Congress of Natural Scientists, at Mendoza, Argentina. 

Curator Roy published a paper "Additional Notes on Living 
Bacteria in Meteorites," in Popular Astronomy, and is now incor- 
porating the results of his studies in eastern museums in his mono- 
graph on the geology and paleontology of Baffin Land, which he 
expects to complete in 1938. 

Dr. Albert J. Walcott, working under a special arrangement, 
made a detailed study of all minerals in the Museum showing aster- 
ism. He incorporated the results in a paper, published by the 
Museum, on the cause of this phenomenon in gem minerals. 


The number of accessions recorded during the year was sixty-nine. 
The number of specimens included in these accessions was 1,259. 
Of these, 692 were gifts, 117 were obtained by exchange, 449 came 
from expeditions or were collected by members of the staff, and one 
was purchased. This represents an increase of nearly one-third in 
the number of accessions, and of nearly two-thirds in the number of 
specimens received, as compared with the preceding year. There was 
likewise a noteworthy improvement in the quality of the specimens 
received by gift. 

A most attractive addition to the gem collection is a large star 
sapphire, mounted in a white gold ring, presented by Mrs. William 
J. Chalmers, Chicago. 

A group of 248 small opals of exceptional quality, the gift of Mr. 
Jerome Von Rappaport, Chicago, is another valued addition to the 

212 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

gem collection. It illustrates the beautiful effects that can be ob- 
tained by a massed assembly of small but brilliant stones. 

A gift from Mr. H. V. Schiefer, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, added 
nine specimens of cabochon-cut chalcedony of fine quality to the 
display of semi-precious stones. Mr. August Rassweiler, Chicago, 
presented a cabochon-cut green aventurine. 

Mr. Haruyoshi Tokuno, of Fushun, Manchukuo, presented a 
figure of the Daruma Buddha, carved by a native artist from jet 
mined in Manchukuo. 

The most important addition to the meteorite collection was a 
gift, by the Estate of William N. Rumely, of Chicago and La Porte, 
Indiana, of a meteorite weighing thirty-two pounds, found years ago 
near La Porte. 

Other gifts for addition to the meteorite collection include a speci- 
men of the Lake Labyrinth (Australia) meteorite, from Dr. H. H. 
Nininger, of Denver, Colorado; and an individual of the Pultusk 
(Poland) meteorite from the Industrial and Agricultural Museum of 
Warsaw, Poland. The collection was further enlarged by the addi- 
tion of fourteen meteorites obtained by exchange. 

A collection of twenty-three industrial minerals of Poland, 
presented by the Industrial and Agricultural Museum in Warsaw, 
is an important addition to the economic exhibits. It includes a full 
series of the minerals of the salt and potash mines of that country. 

A gift from Mr. Tokumatsu Ito of the Museum staff, of twenty 
specimens of coals and their products, as well as amber and other 
industrial minerals of Manchukuo, is another valued addition to the 
economic collections. 

A specimen of salt and a salt stalactite from Palestine, presented 
by Mr. Morris G. Morrison, Evanston, Illinois, is of interest as it 
comes from the region where, according to the Biblical account, Lot's 
wife was changed to a pillar of salt. 

Two polished specimens of bird's-eye quartz, a variety new to the 
collections, were presented by Mr. J. R. Wharton, Roseburg, Oregon. 
Mr. Frank Von Drasek, Cicero, Illinois, added, to his gifts of former 
years, forty-two specimens of minerals and ores from New Mexico 
and Arkansas. Mr. J. W. Jennings, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, added 
six minerals from Arkansas to his earlier gifts. A collection of 106 
minerals was presented by Miss Marguerite Simmons, Chicago. 

An unusual occurrence of concretions is represented by a gift 
of eighteen specimens from Mr. Dan P. Mumbrue, Helena, Montana 

Department of Geology 213 

The value of these is enhanced by the fact that a full description of 
their mode of occurrence accompanied them. Other concretions, 
each with some aspect of special interest, were presented by Mr. and 
Mrs. Alexander Darragh, Chicago; Mr. A. F. Setterle, Cicero, 
Illinois; Mrs. Dorothy K. Young, South Haven, Michigan; Mr. 
Elmer L. Rembold, Chicago; Mr. W. E. Matthews, West Terre Haute, 
Indiana; Mr. Lloyd Cannon, Olmsted, Illinois; and Mr. G. B. Cal- 
houn, Chicago. All of these differ in several ways from those now in 
the collections. 

An attractive group of iridescent fossil shells imbedded in lime- 
stone, presented by Mr. Ray C. Gruhlke, of Olympia, Washington, 
was especially welcomed because it came at a time when it was 
needed to complete an installation. Another important addition 
to the collections was a gift from Mr. Anthony Mazur, Chicago, of 
geological specimens and fossils from Poland. 

Gifts to the economic collection include copper ores from Mr. 
Frank P. Reagan, Chicago; barite from the firm of Levin and Rubin, 
Chicago; and four specimens of gold ore containing free gold from 
Mr. A. M. Bilsky, Toronto, Canada. The Standard Oil Company 
(Indiana), Chicago, replaced sixteen deteriorated specimens in the 
petroleum exhibit. 

Gifts of vertebrate fossils were numerous and important. The 
unusual number was due largely to gifts from Colorado residents 
who assisted the 1937 Paleontological Expedition to Colorado. 
Important among these are two fossil skeletons and the jaw of a 
fossil lizard, presented by Mr. Alfred A. Look, of Grand Junction. 
The skeletons are of a new species, as yet unnamed, of amblypod — 
an early mammal of medium size. Another important specimen, 
presented by Mr. Edwin B. Faber, also of Grand Junction, is the 
lower jaw of an early fossil mammal and the foot bones of another. 
Other gifts of fossil vertebrates from Colorado friends of the expedi- 
tion came from Mr. Hatton Edgerly, De Beque; Miss Hazel Dear- 
dorff, Silt; Mr. Myron A. Kaempfer, Denver, and Messrs. William B. 
and Oliver Hilton, and G. Bradley Harris, of Rifle. Messrs. Harris 
and Hilton also presented a collection of fossil leaves from the 
Paleocene of Colorado, to which Miss Julia Harris added a speci- 
men from the Eocene of Colorado. Mr. Gail Orr, of Winterset, 
Iowa, also contributed material to the collections of this expedition. 

Mr. James H. Quinn, Assistant in Paleontology, presented five 
vertebrate fossils from the Tertiary of Nebraska, collected before he 
joined the Museum staff. From Mr. Paul 0. McGrew, of the Uni- 

214 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

versity of Chicago, the Museum received the jaw of a three-toed 
horse and the jaw of an Oligocene opossum. 

Mr. Edwin C. Galbreath, of Ashmore, Illinois, added in 1937 to 
the large collection of Illinois Pleistocene fossils he presented in 1936, 
fossil bones of musk-ox, giant beaver, and ground sloth. Other 
gifts of vertebrate fossils came from Mr. Homer Mooney, Carson 
City, Nevada, and Mr. William Callahan, Aurora, Kansas. 

The American Museum of Natural History, New York, presented 
a cast of the mandible and palate of Dryopithecus. From the same 
institution there came, by exchange, a cast of the lower jaw of a holo- 
type of Griphodon; a cast of the skeleton of the large fossil bird 
Diatryma, and thirty-one fossil plants. 

Fossil bones of horse, bison, rhinoceros and elephant, the gift of 
Mr. Michael A. Weymarn, of Harbin, Manchukuo, are of special 
interest because fossils from that distant part of the world are needed 
for comparison with specimens from regions previously represented 
in the Museum collections. 

Skulls of four Oligocene mammals, and two large and rare Oli- 
gocene shells, were added to the collections by an exchange with 
Mr. George F. Sternberg, of Hays, Kansas. 

Specimens of fossil leaves and bark were presented by Mr. G. W. 
Wharton, Roseburg, Oregon; Mr. R. H. Stewart, Ironton, Ohio; and 
Mr. E. M. Cole, Audubon, Iowa. 

Specimens of fossil wood, presented by Mr. L. B. Roberts, of 
Batesville, Arkansas, are of interest due to the fact that the wood 
has changed to oxide of iron but some of the woody structure has been 
preserved. Mr. J. Atkinson Conrow, Baltimore, Maryland, presented 
twelve fossil shells; Mr. A. C. Helwig, Keokuk, Iowa, a fossil coral; 
and Mr. James Gerritson, Kankakee, Illinois, two cephalopods. 

By exchange with Mr. E. Mitchell Gunnell, Galesburg, Illinois, 
and Mr. Martin Ehrmann, New York, seventeen specimens of excep- 
tionally choice minerals have been added to the mineral collection. 
Seventeen specimens of scenery agate, obtained by exchange with 
Mr. Oscar U. Zerk, of Chicago, have greatly improved the agate 
collection. Another specimen of this mineral was secured by exchange 
with Mr. Earl L. Calvert, San Gabriel, California. 

Although there were no expeditions especially for the collection 
of minerals, twenty-two mineral specimens were collected by the 
Department's expeditions organized for other purposes, and seven 
more came from expeditions of other Departments of the Museum. 

Department of Geology 215 

cataloguing, inventorying and labeling — geology 

There were 1,567 new entries in the Department catalogues, 
which now comprise twenty-eight volumes. Adding these to previous 
entries, the total becomes 197,178. All specimens received during 
the year have been catalogued. During the checking of the collec- 
tions, currently in progress, a few unrecorded specimens have been 
found and they have also been entered in the catalogues. 

Copy for 1,609 specimen labels was prepared and sent to the 
Division of Printing, and all labels received from the Division were 
installed in the cases. There were 196 labeled prints of photographs 
added to the Department albums, which now contain 8,724 prints. 
One hundred twenty-one United States Geological Survey maps 
were received, filed and labeled, bringing the number of these maps 
now available to 4,519. 

The classified card catalogue of photographs, and the card index 
of meteorites, have been kept up to date. Work on the card catalogue 
of minerals has continued, and this catalogue is now nearly complete. 
Its preparation has involved much labor, as each mineral is inspected 
before entry, and checked against previous records. All doubtful 
specimens are re-identified. 

In the vertebrate paleontology section attention has been given 
to building up detailed, classified catalogues of the collections. The 
catalogue of the books and papers which constitute the working 
library on this subject has been brought to date. The bibliography 
of South American literature on fossil vertebrates, begun by Mr. 
Patterson as an individual undertaking, has received substantial 

The workers assigned by the Works Progress Administration 
to this Department have made the preparation of these detailed 
records possible. Collections secured during earlier years of the 
Museum's activity and entered in various catalogues have been 
brought together, many of them have been renumbered, and they 
have been re-entered compactly in one volume, which includes most 
fossil fishes of all periods, and a large section of the fossil reptiles. 
The records of the North American and European vertebrate fossil 
collections have been revised as to nomenclature and geological ho- 
rizon. For the classified catalogue of vertebrates, 637 specimen cards 
have been typed. Duplicate cards are being prepared so that the 
files will be readily accessible to all members of the Department. 

Cards typed and filed for the classified catalogues include 4,124 
for minerals; 1,301 for meteorites; 3,790 for vertebrate fossils and 

mm » 

216 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

their bibliography, and forty-eight for photographs. One thousand 
sixty-five vertebrate fossils were numbered, and numbers which had 
faded were repainted on 12,940 minerals. Typewritten labels were 
prepared for 3,095 minerals and 5,010 invertebrate fossils in the 
study collection. 


The appearance of Hall 34 has been greatly improved by the 
reinstallation of the meteorite collection which fills the west half of 
the hall. The collection previously had been housed in an anti- 
quated type of case in which attractive installation was impossible. 
During 1937, the collection, except for seven large meteorites in indi- 
vidual cases, was withdrawn from exhibition for reclassification, and 
the old unsuitable cases were discarded. The collection was then re- 
organized, relabeled, and enlarged by the addition of many specimens 
formerly in storage, as well as sixteen meteorites acquired during the 
year. It now occupies fourteen new cases of the standard type used 
in the Department and seven smaller square cases. 

Shelves are not used in the new cases. Specimens are attached 
to the back by invisible fastenings or, where necessary, placed on neat 
individual supports. In the new arrangement the meteorites are 
divided into their three principal classes and arranged alphabetically 
under each class. Seven meteorites with deteriorated surfaces were 
re-etched and repolished, and the large iron specimen from Glad- 
stone, Australia, was treated to cure scaling. 

Two specimens were added to the amber collection, and there 
were sixteen additions to the exhibited mineral collection. 

In Clarence Buckingham Hall (Hall 35) the principal work has 
been the preparation of new exhibits illustrating structural and 
dynamic geology which, when complete, will occupy the east half 
of the hall. In these exhibits specimens formerly displayed are aug- 
mented by material from storage, as well as specimens collected 
especially for this purpose during the past two years. 

Collections illustrating metamorphism, folds, faults, joints, 
veins and dikes were prepared and installed in two cases. Seven 
such cases are now complete, and nine remain to be prepared for the 
collection devoted to physical geology. 

Cleavage specimens, which occupied one-quarter of the case 
illustrating the interior structure and composition of the earth, have 
been replaced by more suitable material. 













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Department of Geology 217 

The model of the Natural Bridge of Virginia was reinstalled in a 
new case and placed in a more prominent position. 

Press of other work has interfered with the installation of the 
rock collection in the west half of Hall 35. Two cases of sandstones 
and conglomerates have been added during the year, leaving five 
cases yet to be installed. 

In Hall 36 (Economic Geology), deteriorated specimens of petro- 
leum products were replaced, and several thin transparent sections of 
coal were installed in a window where the light shines through them. 

Installation in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37) was limited to 
minor readjustments and the addition of a few new specimens. 

A skeleton of the fossil ground sloth Hapalops, from Bolivia, was 
added to the vertebrate collections in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 
38). The work of preparation and articulation of the bones was 
performed by Assistant Phil C. Orr. Although only one skeleton 
was placed on exhibition, preparation of the fossils collected by the 
Marshall Field Paleontological Expeditions to South America, and 
the more recent expeditions to Colorado, has proceeded steadily 
during the year. Two complete skeletons and 102 partial and frag- 
mentary specimens for the exhibition and study collections were 

As was the case last year, much attention was given to rearrange- 
ment and classification of the study collections on the third floor to 
make them more readily available. The reserve mineral and economic 
collections are now in fair shape. The reserve collections of physical 
geology specimens and rocks have been partially reclassified, but 
final arrangement must be postponed since many specimens from 
these collections now are being used for reinstallation of exhibits. 

Work has proceeded steadily on the reorganization of the inver- 
tebrate study collection. During the year 45,142 fossils in this 
collection have been cleaned, checked and arranged, and 5,010 labels 
have been written for them. It will require several more years of 
work to complete this reorganization. 

The study and reserve collections of vertebrate fossils in Room 101 
on the third floor have been rearranged. Many new labels have been 
added, and a new cabinet of seventy-four trays has been installed for 
storage of fossil fishes and the new collection of Paleocene and Lower 
Eocene mammals. The entire collection is being rearranged accord- 
ing to geologic horizons and genera. 

The permanent value of improvements made in 1937 and several 
preceding years is becoming daily more evident. Even now, although 

218 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

the work is far from complete, a few minutes spent in reference to the 
new classified catalogues in preparation often obviates hours of search 
by members of the staff. The more orderly arrangement of the reserve 
and study collections has progressed far enough to greatly facilitate 
the work of the staff, and has made possible greatly improved service 
by the Museum to students and specialists. A more important 
although inconspicuous benefit has been the preservation of the 
identification of thousands of specimens by replacing fading identi- 
fication numbers with permanent ones. This is another situation 
in which the WPA workers have been of great value. 



Five zoological expeditions were in the field during the year. 
Four of them, principally supported by contributions from President 
Stanley Field, were (1) an expedition to British Guiana and Brazil, 
conducted by Mr. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator of Birds; 
(2) an expedition to the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, by Staff Taxidermist 
C. J. Albrecht; (3) an expedition to the southwestern United States, 
conducted by Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Curator of Reptiles; and (4) an 
expedition to the coast of Maine for a group of North Atlantic fishes, 
by Mr. Alfred C. Weed, Curator of Fishes, and Staff Taxidermist 
Leon L. Pray. The fifth expedition, to southern Indo-China, was 
personally financed and conducted by Chief Curator Wilfred H. 

Assistant Curator Blake left for British Guiana late in January. 
He collected in a number of localities along the coast, and on the 
Berbice and Essequibo rivers. Among the 844 birds which he sent 
back were specimens for habitat groups of hoatzins and of anis. 
Accessory materials which accompanied the hoatzins are of particu- 
larly fine quality, and include the strange giant arum-like plant that 
forms the principal food of this "living fossil." 

From British Guiana Mr. Blake proceeded, via Rio de Janeiro, 
to Matto Grosso. There he made collections of specimens and 
accessories for a habitat group of rheas or South American ostriches. 
A large number of study specimens was also obtained. He next 
collected in the state of Sao Paulo, a region that is very poorly 
represented in the collections of all American museums. Field work 
was terminated in December. 

Taxidermist Albrecht spent June, July, and August on the 
Pribilof Islands, Alaska, where he was engaged in obtaining material 

Department of Zoology 219 

for a habitat group of fur-seals. Through the cordial co-operation 
of United States Commissioner Frank T. Bell, he was enabled to 
obtain transportation to and from the islands on government vessels, 
and to enjoy many privileges necessary to the success of the work. 
He received especially valuable and much appreciated assistance 
from Superintendent Harry J. Christoffers, as well as from Mr. 
Harry May, representative on the islands of the Fouke Fur Com- 
pany, St. Louis, Missouri. Ample material was obtained for the 
preparation of a large group showing seals of all ages, and illustrating 
many of their unusually interesting habits. 

Curator Schmidt, with several associates, carried on work in the 
southwestern United States in Texas, Arizona, and California. The 
principal object was specimens to fill gaps in the exhibition collections 
of North American reptiles, but much additional material was 
obtained. Two separate trips were made, with a slight interruption 
for return to the Museum in midsummer. On the first, Curator 
Schmidt was accompanied by Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, 
and Dr. Alfred E. Emerson of the University of Chicago. They 
left by automobile on April 1, making a stop for collecting in the 
Chisos Mountains, in the area proposed for "Big Bend National 
Park," southwestern Texas. Thence they went via the Chiricahua 
Mountains to Tucson, Arizona, with visits to the Santa Catalina 
Mountains and to the Santa Ritas. At Yuma, Arizona, a two 
weeks' stop was especially productive of satisfactory results in the 
accumulation of molds of specimens and color studies for Mr. Walters' 
use in making exhibition models. Notable forms obtained include 
the desert iguana, the chuckawalla, the fringe-toed sand lizard, the 
desert gecko, and, among snakes, the remarkable "sidewinder," a 
rattlesnake which progresses with a helical rolling motion in loose 
sand. Mr. Walters found opportunity to experiment with a new 
technique he has developed for celluloid infiltration of patches of 
ground to obtain natural bases for exhibited models of specimens. 

While the principal work of the expedition was concluded at 
Yuma, the party continued westward to San Diego, California, 
where many additions to its collections were made through the 
generosity and co-operation of Mr. L. M. Klauber, of the San Diego 
Natural History Society, Mr. C. B. Perkins, of the San Diego 
Zoological Society, and Dr. Walter Mosauer and Dr. R. C. Cowles, 
both of the University of California at Los Angeles. 

After returning to Chicago in May, Curator Schmidt again left 
for the Southwest in August to spend three weeks, accompanied by 

220 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Assistant Curator D. D wight Davis, Mr. Bertil Hartelius, of Michigan 
State University, and Mr. Schmidt's two sons, John and Robert. 
This party was joined by Mr. Walter L. Necker, of the Chicago 
Academy of Sciences, also interested in reptiles, and by Mr. F. E. 
Winters, of Hinsdale, Illinois, volunteer photographer. By informal 
agreement the party joined forces in the herpetological exploration 
of this region with the United States National Park Service, for which 
Mr. Tarleton F. Smith had been collecting in the summer seasons 
of 1936 and 1937. Interest in this zoologically remarkable area 
had been stimulated at Field Museum by the receipt of specimens 
for identification from the Park Service in 1936. 

Curator Weed and Taxidermist Pray spent about six weeks on 
the coast of Maine, collecting materials for a group to represent the 
fishes of the colder waters of the northern Atlantic coast of the 
United States. 

Through the courtesy of the Zoology Department of the Uni- 
versity of Maine, and Professor Joseph M. Murray, Director of the 
University of Maine Marine Station at Lamoine, the expedition 
secured excellent accommodations at the station. This station is 
located at the head of Frenchman's Bay, a few miles from Bar 
Harbor, and within easy reach of many excellent collecting grounds. 
Plant and animal life is abundant and varied, and is representative 
of conditions prevailing over a large part of the north Atlantic region 
of North America. 

The expedition received the fullest possible co-operation of the 
staff and students at the station. Much information was secured 
that could hardly have been obtained anywhere else. Specimens 
taken by students on various collecting trips, and through activities 
of the station, were freely offered and gratefully received. In addition 
to the help given by those officially connected with the station, 
Dr. Carlos E. Cummings, Director of the Buffalo Museum of Science, 
spent much time assisting Mr. Pray in locating places where par- 
ticular information could be secured. 

The fishes of Frenchman's Bay, and regions farther north and 
east, live close to rocks that are almost completely covered with a 
bewildering mass of brilliantly colored plants and animals. The 
general effect of the background so formed is almost like that of an 
oriental rug. It is planned to reproduce this effect as far as possible 
in a group to be installed in Hall 0. Excellent specimens of some 
of the commoner fishes of the region were secured and will be shown 
in their natural positions in relation to the rocky walls. 

Department of Zoology 221 

Chief Curator Osgood left for the Far East early in January, 
and spent about two months in French Indo-China, mainly in 
southern Annam. Although traveling alone, he was so courteously 
received by French officials and so much assisted by native collectors 
formerly employed by the French naturalists, MM. Jean Delacour 
and Pierre Jabouille, that he was able in a short time to gather a 
varied collection numbering some 500 specimens. Most important 
was material for two large habitat groups, one of gibbons and 
one of green pea fowl. For much general assistance to Dr. 
Osgood, Field Museum is especially indebted to M. Auge, Resident 
Maire at Dalat, Annam, to M. Kieffer of Gougah Falls, and to 
missionaries of the American Missionary Alliance, especially Mr. 
Herbert Jackson and Mr. Gordon Smith. 

Owing to field activities of staff members, as well as to the fact 
that various manuscripts of considerable size are still in various 
stages of preparation, the number of zoological publications issued 
by the Museum during the year is relatively small. Included are: 
Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, Part X (Icteridae), by 
Associate Curator Charles E. Hellmayr; Notes on Sea-Basses of 
the Genus Centropristes, by Curator Alfred C. Weed; American Bats 
of the Subfamily Emballonurinae, by Curator Colin C. Sanborn; 
Notes on Snakes from the Yucatan Peninsula, by E. Wyllys Andrews; 
The History of Elaps collaris Schlegel, 1837-1937, by Curator Karl P. 
Schmidt; and Variable Dentition in a Chinese Insectivore, by Chief 
Curator Wilfred H. Osgood. Publications by staff members which 
appeared under other than Field Museum auspices include the 
following: "Notes on Bahama Bats," by G. M. Allen and Colin C. 
Sanborn, Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 18, pp. 226-228; "The Season, 
Chicago Region," by Rudyerd Boulton and Frank A. Pitelka, Bird 
Lore, Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6; "Snakes Alive and How They Live" (review), 
by Karl P. Schmidt, Copeia, 1937, pp. 143-144, and Science, Vol. 
86, p. 483; and Ecological Animal Geography, edited and translated 
by Karl P. Schmidt and W. C. Allee, published by John Wiley and 
Sons, New York. 

Curator Sanborn continued research on the classification of bats, 
and made considerable progress on a bibliographic index of literature 
and on preliminary work for the revision of six families of bats. 
During the year he visited the Museum of Zoology of the University 
of Michigan, Ann Arbor, the United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C., the American Museum of Natural History, New 
York, and the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, 

222 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Massachusetts. The collection of bats in each of these museums 
was examined, and about 600 specimens were studied and measured. 

Curator Boulton, of the Division of Birds, continued studies of 
African birds from time to time, and in December began several 
weeks of continuous work on the birds of Angola at the American 
Museum of Natural History, in New York, and the Carnegie Mu- 
seum, in Pittsburgh. 

Associate Curator Hellmayr, working in Vienna, Paris, and 
London, completed his studies of perching birds for Part XI of the 
Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, which will be devoted to the 
sparrows and finches. For Part I, Nos. 1 and 2, further studies of 
game and water birds were made. Research Associate H. B. Conover 
collaborated with Dr. Hellmayr in studies of game birds. 

Research and other activities suffered a setback due to the 
sudden death of Mr. Leslie Wheeler, Trustee of the Museum, and 
Research Associate in the Division of Birds. His passing was a serious 
loss to the entire Department of Zoology, and to the Museum as a 
whole. He had endeared himself to the entire staff, and by daily 
attendance had become thoroughly engrossed in the plans and 
purposes of the institution. His substantial material support was 
matched in value by the personal relations so warmly established 
by him. As a result of his activities, Field Museum's collections 
have been enriched by more than 614 specimens of birds of prey, 
and since his death specimens that he had ordered from collectors 
in remote parts of the world have continued to arrive. 

Research in the Division of Reptiles was concentrated on Central 
American collections, on material from southeastern Asia secured 
through Dr. Henry Field, Curator of Physical Anthropology, and 
on recently collected material from the Trans-Pecos region, Texas. 
Studies on the amphibians and reptiles of the Chicago region also 
were continued. 

Curator Weed finished studies on sea-basses of the genus Cen- 
tropristes. He also identified material obtained by Dr. Henry Field 
in the Near East, and carried on investigations of sculpins collected 
by himself in the North Atlantic. In addition, he made certain 
studies of burrowing eels in collaboration with Mr. Stewart Springer, 
of the Bass Biological Laboratory, Englewood, Florida. 

Assistant Curator Davis made various anatomical studies, in- 
cluding a detailed dissection of the rare treeshrew Dendrogale. 
Other subjects were the structure of the skull in burrowing snakes, 
and the digestive system in pollen-feeding bats. 

Department of Zoology 223 

accessions — zoology 

The total number of specimens added to the collections by formal 
accession is 16,402, including 5,283 insects. This is about 40 per cent 
more than in 1936. They are divided by zoological groups as follows: 
mammals 1,396; birds and birds' eggs 2,676; amphibians and reptiles 
3,959; fishes 2,625; insects 5,283; lower invertebrates 463. Included 
are 585 vertebrate skeletons. Of the total, 6,007 were obtained 
from Museum expeditions, 7,173 by gift, 1,745 by exchange, and 
1,477 by purchase. 

Among the notable gifts of mammals are thirty-eight specimens 
from Iraq, presented by Dr. Henry Field, of the Department of 
Anthropology, augmenting his collections from that country in 
past years. Curator Karl P. Schmidt gave fifty-four small 
mammals from Illinois and Wisconsin, collected by his brother, the 
late F. J. W. Schmidt. A collection of twenty-two bats from the 
Bahamas was given by Dr. J. F. W. Pearson, of the University of 
Miami, Coral Gables, Florida. Through Professor Julian S. Huxley, 
five hedgehogs were donated by the Zoological Society of London. 
The Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, presented six 
pikas needed for exhibition and skeletons. Mr. A. J. Bujak, of 
Michigan State College, East Lansing, secured six much needed 
skeletons of beaver and one otter for the Museum, and Mrs. L. H. 
Ryckman, of Kirkland, Washington, sent in a skeleton of a mountain 
beaver. The Chicago Zoological Society, at Brookfield, Illinois, pre- 
sented thirty-two mammals, and the Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, two. 

Birds numbering 589 were received as gifts from a large number 
of individuals, indicating a continuation of the co-operation between 
local naturalists and the Museum. The most important donor was 
the Chicago Zoological Society, which presented 130 rare birds 
in the flesh, most of which were used as osteological material, 
but some for other special studies. The Polish-American Chamber 
of Commerce of Warsaw presented five specimens, a nest, and 
accessories, for a white stork habitat group to be installed in the 
Hall of Birds (Hall 20). Mr. Alastair Gordon Cumming, of Forres, 
Scotland, presented sixteen specimens of red grouse and a peregrine 
falcon for another habitat group. Mr. J. Andrews King, of Lake 
Forest, Illinois, presented ten specimens collected by him in Chile. 
Mr. Al Pflueger, Miami, Florida, gave eleven sea birds from the 
Bahamas; Mr. Melvin Traylor, Chicago, donated eighty-nine speci- 
mens collected by him in Yucatan; and Mr. Leon Mandel, Chicago, 
presented forty-six specimens collected in the West Indies. 

224 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Gifts of amphibians and reptiles reached the rather large total of 
1,455. Most notable are 180 specimens collected in Yucatan by 
Mr. E. Wyllys Andrews, of Chicago; 640 specimens received from 
the Texas College of Arts and Industries, at Kingsville, through 
the interest of Professor J. C. Cross; and 223 specimens from western 
Texas, received from various divisions of the United States National 
Park Service. The Chicago Zoological Society and the Lincoln 
Park Zoo contributed numerous important specimens. 

Nineteen institutions and individuals presented specimens of 
fishes aggregating 1,429. Through the kindness of Messrs. Spencer W. 
Stewart and Robert J. Sykes, of New York, with the co-operation 
of the American Museum of Natural History, Field Museum 
secured the skin of a twenty-five-foot whale shark that is now being 
prepared for exhibition. In order that preparation of this immense 
fish for exhibition might be done in the best manner possible, Mr. 
Stewart gave the Museum twenty-one photographs of this and 
other specimens. To these pictures, Captain John D. Craig, Chicago, 
added two clips of motion pictures of a whale shark that he saw 
in Mexican waters. These were found very valuable in showing 
some details of structure that could not be determined otherwise. 
The John G. Shedd Aquarium, Chicago, gave many selected speci- 
mens from Fiji, Hawaii, the Bahama Islands and other localities. 
Among them were an excellent specimen of the carpet shark of Aus- 
tralia, desired for exhibition, and a large jewfish that had lived 
six years in the Aquarium. The skeleton of the latter was preserved 
for possible use in the osteology exhibits. Many of the other speci- 
mens were particularly desired to fill gaps in the study series. Dr. 
Henry Field gave three very desirable lots of fishes, including speci- 
mens from the Dialah River, near Bagdad, Iraq; a small collection 
from Leicestershire, England; and various marine fishes from Scot- 
land and the North Sea. Mr. Leon Mandel gave some very interest- 
ing fishes from the West Indies, including two specimens of wahoo, 
a valuable game and food fish related to the king mackerels and the 
tunas. One of these is being mounted for exhibition, and the skeleton 
of the other is being prepared for possible later inclusion in the 
osteological exhibits. The Bass Biological Laboratory, Englewood, 
Florida, gave specimens of snake eels and worm eels which Mr. 
Stewart Springer of that institution is studying in collaboration with 
Curator Weed. The Stacja Morska (Marine Station), Hel, Poland, 
presented a series of fishes collected in the Baltic Sea by Professor 
Kazimierz Demel. These were especially selected for comparison 




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Department of Zoology 225 

with fishes collected in Labrador, Greenland and Baffin Land by 
Curator Weed. The Department of Pharmacology of the University 
of Chicago presented the head of a ragfish, a strange creature found 
in deep water in the northern Pacific. This fish is very rarely seen 
at the surface, and very few specimens of it have ever come to 
museums. The Booth Fisheries Company, through its Boston 
office, furnished excellent specimens of rosefish that were urgently 
needed for a group of fishes of the North Atlantic, planned for 
Hall 0. Professor H. W. Norris, of Grinnell College, in Iowa, has 
continued his interest in the Museum. He gave a specimen of the 
strange frilled shark, found in deep water off the coast of Japan. 
This will make it possible to prepare a life-size model of this fish 
for exhibition. This shark grows to a length of eight feet or more. 
It has an eel-shaped body, a mouth at the front of the head (instead 
of underneath as in most sharks), and gill membranes that form a 
ruffled fringe behind the head. Mr. Robert H. Becker, of the Chicago 
Tribune staff, sent in some interesting specimens caught by fisher- 
men in the Great Lakes region. 

A mounted specimen of blue marlin ("swordfish") of record size 
was presented by Mr. Michael Lerner, of New York. This fish, 
which weighed 537 pounds, was caught at Bimini, Bahama Islands, 
by Mr. Lerner. It was excellently prepared and will be a welcome 
addition to the exhibits that are to be installed in Hall 0. 

Accessions in the Division of Anatomy and Osteology reached a 
total of 585, a large part of which represents contributions from the 
Chicago Zoological Society. 

One-third of the insect acquisitions consisted of three gifts from 
Dr. Henry Field, of Chicago, who generously presented 1,750 
desirable specimens from Iran. Mr. Bertil Hartelius, of Homewood, 
Illinois, gave 335 insects from the Southwest, mainly Texas. From 
Mr. Edward J. Brundage, of Washington, Connecticut, there were 
received as a gift 447 specimens, mostly from Barro Colorado Island, 
Canal Zone. A gift from Mr. Gordon Grant, of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, consisted of 389 specimens from southern California. 

Material from Museum expeditions was more extensive than for 
several years past, well diversified, and especially calculated to fill 
definite needs. The expedition of Assistant Curator Blake to British 
Guiana and Brazil provided the required material for several habitat 
groups of birds, as well as general collections which, while principally 
of birds, included also mammals, reptiles, and fishes. Accessions 
from this expedition total some 2,000 specimens from Guiana, and 

226 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

about 1,100 from Brazil. Similarly, Chief Curator Osgood made 
collections in French Indo-China, principally of mammals, but 
including various other vertebrates, and totaling about 500 speci- 
mens in all. Noteworthy are a series of gibbons for a habitat group, 
and skins, nests, and eggs of the green pea fowl for another. 

The expeditions to the southwestern United States, conducted 
by Curator Schmidt and associates, collected 465 amphibians and 
reptiles, 159 mammals, and considerable skeletal material. 

Taxidermist Albrecht, who spent the summer on the Pribilof 
Islands, Alaska, was engaged principally in securing forty-one speci- 
mens of the fur-seal for a habitat group. He also collected thirty- 
eight specimens of sea birds. 

Curator Weed and Taxidermist Pray, on their expedition to the 
Maine coast, collected 319 fishes, most of which are for use in a 
habitat group. 

Insects received from various expeditions number 1,909. These 
include 978 from the western United States, collected by the zoo- 
logical expeditions to the Southwest, and by the paleontological 
expedition of the Department of Geology to Colorado. 

An important exchange of mammals with the United States 
National Museum, Washington, D.C., was concluded during the 
year, the final result to Field Museum being the acquisition of 
536 highly desirable specimens belonging to many different mam- 
malian groups, and covering a wide geographic range. By exchange 
with Dr. H. J. V. Sody, of Buitenzorg, Java, there were received 
109 small mammals from Java, Borneo, Bali, and other East Indian 
Islands. Exchanges of small mammals, principally bats, were made 
with Dr. Nagamichi Kuroda and Dr. Mitosi Tokuda of Japan. 

Birds received in exchanges number 151, and reptiles and am- 
phibians, 1,225. These came from various institutions and from 
individuals, including the Naturhistorisches Museum of Basel, Swit- 
zerland; the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts; the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh; the Museum of Zoology 
of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Dr. Edward H. Taylor, 
Lawrence, Kansas, and Dr. Charles E. Burt, Winfield, Kansas. 

Purchases during the year were mostly of small lots of especially 
desirable specimens from various parts of the world, including West 
Africa, Tanganyika, East Indies, West Indies, and Ecuador. They 
include 110 mammals, 953 birds, and 414 amphibians and reptiles. 

Department of Zoology 227 

cataloguing, inventorying and labeling— zoology 

The number of zoological specimens catalogued was 13,923. 
These are divided as follows: mammals 2,459; birds 5,448; birds' 
eggs (sets) 2,265; amphibians and reptiles 2,231; fishes 1,520. Osteo- 
logical and anatomical specimens were catalogued under divisional 
subject and by special card index to the number of 409. 

In the Division of Mammals, work has continued in reattaching 
original labels to specimens and in renumbering skulls to agree with 
skins. All specimens received during the year have been provided 
with typewritten labels, and all skulls cleaned have been numbered. 
About 100 bottles with alcoholic specimens have been labeled, and 
shelf-labels have been supplied in the cases where they are stored. 
Some 400 cards were added to the index of mammals, and many 
others were revised and retyped. Photographs of mammals were 
classified, remounted, and some 900 of them were labeled. 

The reorganization of the collection of birds has been greatly 
advanced. During the year 17,976 specimens have been completely 
worked out, bringing the finished total to 32,548, or nearly one-third 
of the entire collection. This involves checking the identification 
and all data for each study skin, indexing by a double card system, 
and typing a new label which is sewed to the original. Coincident 
with this work has been the compiling of all geographic data relating 
to the collection, especially notes from Museum expeditions. These 
data have been assembled in a series of maps of a standard size fitted 
into a loose-leaf atlas. Fifteen such maps have been completed, and 
fifty-three other maps and charts have been drawn for other purposes, 
such as special exhibits, publications, labels, and base maps. 

A special room was constructed in an unused part of a corridor 
on the third floor to house the collections of birds' eggs. Eight air- 
tight cases were installed to accommodate the present collections 
and allow for adequate expansion. The arrangement and cataloguing 
of the magnificent R. M. Barnes Collection was about one-half com- 
pleted under the supervision of Mr. William Beecher. The Museum's 
other egg collections, which had been in storage for more than twenty 
years, were unpacked and partially arranged. Altogether 1,246 sets 
of eggs were permanently arranged, labeled and indexed. 

Fifteen new steel cases for bird skins were installed and occupied. 
The entire study collection, about 100,000 specimens, was arranged 
in proper sequence. Primitive birds, mainly of large size, were 
transferred to the east gallery on the fourth floor. 

228 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Throughout the year at least one man, supplied by the Works 
Progress Administration, was engaged continuously in the much 
needed work of remodeling the flat bird skins and degreasing or 
repairing others. 

Cataloguing of reptiles was kept up to date, and minor rearrange- 
ments of the collection were carried out, including shelf-labeling 
and transferring of much material from temporary containers to 
permanent ones. 

In the Division of Fishes, 1,520 specimens were catalogued and 
some 23,500 numbered tags were prepared and attached to speci- 
mens. In addition, about 1,600 labels were written and placed in 
glass specimen bottles. Work has continued steadily in renew- 
ing faded or torn labels, separating material in large jars and tanks, 
and generally improving the accessibility of the material. The 
Curator reports that "the condition of the collection of fishes is 
in general much more satisfactory than for a long time previously. 
The study collections are being brought into such shape that some 
valuable material is available for the first time in many years. 
Practically all specimens that have been identified can now be found 

Growth of the osteological collection made necessary further 
expansion and rearrangement of storage facilities. Much economy 
of space was accomplished by cutting down and refitting drawers 
and boxes. About seventy skeletons were degreased, epiphyses 
were replaced wherever necessary, and the entire collection was 
checked for accuracy of labeling and numbering. All new material 
was card-indexed, and records were kept up to date. Six hundred 
and forty mammal skulls were cleaned. 

For preservation and arrangement of insects, nine steel cabinets 
containing 505 glass-topped drawers were installed and partially 
occupied. The time of Curator William J. Gerhard and Assistant 
Curator Emil Liljeblad was largely devoted to preparation of shells 
for exhibition, but through the services of several assistants nearly 
all the year's acquisitions of insects were pinned and labeled. 

Volunteer workers assisted from time to time in the work of sev- 
eral divisions of the Department. In the Division of Birds general 
assistance was received from Messrs. King Mather and William 
Mitten. In the same Division Mr. James von der Heydt assisted 
in remaking old bird skins. Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, of Lake 
Forest, Illinois, Associate in the Division, was engaged in studies of 
the plumages of American wood warblers. 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. XI, Plate XXIII 



Collected by Straus West African Expedition 

Taxidermy by John W. Moyer 

Background by Charles A. Corwin. Plant accessories by Frank Lctl 

(Hall 20) 



u ^RsitVo! E 


Department of Zoology 229 

In the Division of Reptiles assistance was received from Messrs. 
Fred Bromund, E. Wyllys Andrews, and 0. H. Meeker. Mr. 
E. F. Peternell spent some time preparing bird skeletons, and 
Mr. Macklin de Nictolis made some special dissections of anatomical 
material. For nearly three months during the summer, Mr. George 
Miller, of South Bend, Indiana, was a volunteer worker in the 
Division of Insects. He inspected some 800 insect drawers, and 
disinfected them where necessary. He also checked a collection 
of moths for systematic arrangement. 

During 1937, the cumulative results of continued assistance 
from the Works Progress Administration have become more ap- 
parent, and numerous projects have neared completion with an 
accompanying feeling throughout the Department that all lines of 
work and all types of collections, records, etc., are in better condition 
than ever before. The number of WPA workers assigned to the 
Department has varied somewhat. In November, perhaps an 
average month, there were 57, distributed as follows: Taxidermy, 
preparation and exhibition work, 21; map making and drafting, 4; 
Division of Mammals, 5; Division of Birds, 10; Division of Reptiles, 
3; Division of Fishes, 1; Division of Anatomy and Osteology, 10; 
Division of Insects, 3. 


Four habitat groups of mammals, and three of birds, were com- 
pleted and opened to public view during the year. The mammalian 
subjects are harbor seals, Asiatic takin, African klipspringer, and 
guereza monkey. The birds are all African, and include species 
characteristic of widely varying natural conditions. 

The harbor seals, well-known marine mammals, appear resting 
on kelp-covered boulders in a scene representative of the coast of 
Washington. The species is a common one on both Atlantic and 
Pacific coasts of North America and, although familiar to many 
people, is seldom seen out of the water. The group was collected 
and prepared by Staff Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht. The background 
is by Staff Artist Charles A. Corwin. 

The Asiatic takin is represented by five animals ranging in age 
from a young calf to an old male of massive proportions. The 
animal belongs to the group known as goat-antelopes, and is some- 
what grotesque in appearance. It is shown on its favorite grounds 
in a dense growth of bamboo and evergreen near the timberline on 
a steep mountain side in western China. The specimens were col- 

230 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

lected by Mr. Floyd Tangier Smith, leader of the Marshall Field 
Zoological Expedition to China (1930-32). The group was pre- 
pared by Staff Taxidermist Julius Friesser, assisted by Mr. Frank C. 
Wonder; the background is by Staff Artist Corwin and Mr. Arthur 
G. Rueckert. 

The groups of klipspringer and guereza monkey represent 
medium-sized African mammals. One is shown on an open, rocky 
height and the other in the thick foliage of a large forest tree. The 
klipspringers were collected in Kenya Colony by the late Carl E. 
Akeley. The monkeys are from the Field Museum-Chicago Daily 
News Abyssinian Expedition (1926-27). Both groups were prepared 
by Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Pray. 

In the synoptic or classified exhibits of mammals, several im- 
portant additions were made. A case of Old World cats was rein- 
stalled, with the addition of four specimens, bringing the total to 
ten. Among them are a Kaffir cat and a cheetah, collected by the 
Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition (1930) and presented by Mr. 
Arthur S. Vernay, of New York and London. There is also a caracal 
cat, presented by Captain Harold A. White, of New York, and a 
very beautiful clouded leopard from northern India. The animals 
used in this installation were prepared by Assistant Taxidermist 
W. E. Eigsti. 

An important addition to George M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13) 
was a fine example of the South African oryx or gembuck. This 
was obtained by the Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition, and was 
mounted by Taxidermist Friesser. 

The three habitat groups of birds described in the 1936 Report — 
Mount Cameroon birds, weaver-birds and Kalahari Desert birds — 
were completed and opened to the public in April. They form an 
African alcove in the Hall of Birds (Hall 20). Mrs. Oscar Straus, 
of New York, sponsor of the Straus West African Expedition which 
collected the material for the first two of these, visited the Museum 
on the day of their opening. The Kalahari birds were collected by 
Mr. Vernay, who presented them to the Museum. The weaver-bird 
group was prepared by Staff Taxidermist John W. Moyer; the other 
two by Staff Taxidermist Arthur G. Rueckert. Staff Artist Corwin 
painted the backgrounds. 

Four additional bird groups are nearing completion. They in- 
clude a group of albatrosses and other pelagic birds from Laysan 
Island in the mid-Pacific, which is being prepared by Staff Taxi- 
dermist Pray. A white stork nesting scene on a housetop in a Polish 

Department of Zoology 231 

village is being constructed by Taxidermists Moyer and Rueckert, 
who are also installing a nesting colony of giant orioles from Guate- 
mala, and a group consisting of two species of toucans feeding on 
the abundant berries of a forest tree in Guatemala. 

Preparator Frank H. Letl supervised the making of accessories 
for all habitat groups except those of the harbor seal and the guereza 

An exhibit of restorations of fossil birds was installed in Hall 21 
as an introduction to the subject of the ancestry of birds. Models of 
eight extinct birds that are sufficiently well known to permit restora- 
tion are shown. They include the famous Archaeornis, 135 million 
years old, known only from two specimens obtained in Bavaria; 
the Cretaceous fish-eating birds, Ichthyornis and Hesperornis, from 
the chalk beds of Kansas ; the giant Diatryma and quail-like Gallinu- 
loides of the lower Eocene of Wyoming; Phororhacos, the predacious 
crane of southern Argentina; the Moa (Dinornis) of New Zealand, 
and the Elephant-bird (Aepyornis) of Madagascar. Dinornis, 
Aepyornis, and Diatryma are shown in quarter-scale models, accom- 
panied by natural size heads in full relief. The other five are natural 
size. The restorations were directed by Curator Rudyerd Boulton, 
and modeled in plaster, wax, and composition by Messrs. Gus Schmidt 
and Frank Gino, WPA artists. Scale drawings and diagrammatic 
details of the known skeletons were made by Mr. John Janecek. 

Numerous models of amphibians and reptiles were made during 
the year and are awaiting final installation. Notable among them 
are Australian forms, the water dragon, blotched skink, and bandy- 
bandy, the last a strikingly marked black and white ringed snake. 
All these were based on material received from the Chicago Zoo- 
logical Society. A South American tree boa was prepared from 
an exceptionally fine specimen received from the Lincoln Park 
Zoo, Chicago. 

No exhibition work was done on insects, Curator Gerhard and 
Assistant Curator Liljeblad being continuously engaged in organiz- 
ing, labeling and arranging an exhibit of shells. A careful selection 
of relatively large and attractive species of the latter was installed 
in four new cases with enclosed top-lighting. The number of speci- 
mens displayed is 1,791, representing 841 species of eighty-four 
families of mollusks. Actual installation was made by Preparator 
Herbert E. Weeks, an experienced installer provided through the 
co-operation of the Department of Anthropology. 

232 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

A screen devoted to fish skeletons was added to the systematic 
series of mounted skeletons in Hall 19. All important groups of 
vertebrates are now represented in this hall. A further addition to 
the same hall was the installation, by Assistant Curator Davis, 
of an exhibit illustrating the history of the human skull, and com- 
paring it with other vertebrate skulls. This is the first of a proposed 
series of comparative anatomical exhibits which will supplement 
the mounted skeletons. 

The Department of Zoology ended the year in much better con- 
dition as to equipment, and far better organized for general effec- 
tiveness, than at any previous time. Presumably, such a statement 
could have been made after any active year, but 1937 seems to have 
been particularly characterized by the realization or approximate 
realization of various long-time needs, and the bringing of the 
whole organization to a stage from which every line of work can 
proceed with comparatively little lost motion and wasted effort. 
This is due in no small part to the increased effectiveness of WPA 
workers, most of whom are now so well selected and well trained that 
they fully justify the time, effort and money that have been expended 
on them. It is clearly evident that extra man-power was needed, 
and the WPA has furnished it to a large extent. Other important 
factors in the marked improvement are the increased storage facilities 
provided by new cases, and the very definite, planned results of the 
relatively inexpensive but highly important expeditions conducted 
during the year. The research collections are now in better order 
than at any previous time, and material is in hand for uninterrupted 
continuation of exhibition plans. 


On December 1, 1937, this Department ended its twenty-fifth 
year of operation. This first quarter century has been marked by 
continuous growth and improvement. Because of the emphasis 
now placed by schools on visual education, the program of making 
the educational values of the Museum's natural history exhibits 
available to school children in their classrooms has gained in im- 
portance. Teachers, as well as pupils, have been encouraged to 
take fuller advantage of the Museum's educational and cultural 

School extension work today is recognized as an essential activity 
by the leading museums of the world. As a pioneer in this field, 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 233 

the Harris Extension has been consulted in the past year by repre- 
sentatives of several institutions, particularly the Illinois State 
Museum, Springfield, Illinois, the Auckland Institute and Museum, 
Auckland, New Zealand, and the Australian Museum, Sydney, 
Australia. Details of the methods employed in its administration 
have been useful to others considering inauguration of similar 

A serious loss of leadership was felt by the staff of the Depart- 
ment in the death of Director Stephen C. Simms in January, 1937. 
Mr. Simms was the first Curator, a position which he held from 
December 1, 1912, until his appointment as Director of the Museum 
in 1928. Even in his new office he continued active supervision of 
the Harris Extension until his death. Thus the first quarter century 
of the organization and development of the Department may well 
be regarded as one of Mr. Simms' outstanding achievements. 

During 1937 the routine work of the Department has been kept 
at a high level of efficiency. Thirteen new exhibits were installed, 
and five more are scheduled for completion early in January. These 
include exhibits showing the wood lily, the tall or later buttercup, 
some common orders of insects, frogs and toads of the Chicago 
area, the red-bellied woodpecker, the mourning dove, and two kinds 
of jaeger. Nine duplicate exhibits, which were no longer needed, 
were dismantled and the cabinets used for new installations. Due 
to the increase in the number and variety of subjects now available 
for distribution, the desirability of having more than four cases 
illustrating the same subject has lessened. Currently there are 
1,233 exhibits dealing with 416 subjects, a diversification which 
makes it possible so to schedule circulation of cases that a pupil 
in the public schools will be unlikely to see a particular exhibit 
more than once during his entire school life. 

The work of reinstallation, necessitated by the change from 
black backgrounds and labels to the present standard buff-colored 
type, was continued as time permitted. Twenty-eight exhibits 
were completely overhauled and replaced in newly painted cases, 
improvements in the installation method or replacements of material 
being made wherever required. The inevitable damage, occurring 
through accidents or careless handling of the cases in the schools, 
necessitated repairs on 225 cabinets. The injuries for the most 
part consisted of broken glass, cracked or splintered woodwork, or 
broken label frames. Only one serious loss occurred, the total 
destruction of two cases and their contents in a school fire. 

234 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

The number of schools and institutions participating in the regular 
fortnightly delivery of two Harris Extension cases each, increased by 
nineteen during the year. The total number is now 465. These 
include 390 public elementary and high schools, thirty-nine denomina- 
tional schools, nine private schools, and a number of Chicago Public 
Library branches, Y. M. C. A. branches, hospitals, boys' clubs, settle- 
ments, and detention homes. 

Special loans of exhibits were made to the United Charities' 
summer camp at Algonquin, Illinois, and to the International Live 
Stock Exposition held in the amphitheater of the Union Stock Yards. 
Requests by schools for the loan of particular exhibits, in addition 
to those regularly received, were granted. 

The two Department trucks traveled a total distance of 10,339 
miles in the distribution of the 930 cases kept in circulation. This 
figure is less than that reported in recent years because of shortened 
school terms, and the opening of new streets which permit better 
routing of the trucks. 

All of the cases were thoroughly inspected, cleaned and polished 
while they were in storage at the Museum during the summer 
vacation period of the schools. This work was done by the men who 
distribute them during the school year. 

It is difficult to make an accurate estimate of the value of the 
Harris Extension service. However, the flood of voluntary letters 
of appreciation received from principals, teachers, and pupils in- 
dicates the really vital interest that is taken in the educational work 
done by this Department. 




During 1937 the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation has continued to provide series of entertainments, lec- 
tures, and other activities for the education and enjoyment of chil- 
dren. These included special patriotic programs as well as the 
customary spring and autumn courses of motion pictures presented 
in the James Simpson Theatre of the Museum. Guide-lecture tours 
of the exhibits also were made available to parties of children through- 
out the year, and extension lectures were given in classrooms and 
assembly halls of the schools. The year has been notable for the 
great number of groups from other states which have requested the 

Raymond Foundation 235 

guide-lecture service, and for the increase in numbers of kinder- 
garten and first grade groups given assistance. The lectures presented 
in the schools were in greater demand than at any previous period 
in the history of the Foundation. 


The purchase of a 16-millimeter sound projector for use in the 
James Simpson Theatre has made possible the showing of many 
excellent educational films not possible when only the silent equip- 
ment was available. The programs in the Saturday morning series 
of free motion pictures presented during the spring and autumn 
were as follows: 

Spring Course 

March 6 — Isle of Perils; Insect Clowns; Snowtime. 

March 13 — Mexico and Its Western Coast; The Clever Ant Lion; A Paiute Squaw 
Makes Acorn Bread; Uncle Sam Moves His Eskimo Family. 

March 20 — The Octopus and Its Neighbors; Outwitting the Timber-wolf; Brock 
the Badger; Eclipse of the Sun; Tides and Moon. 

March 27 — Undersea Thrills: Baby Goes Down; A Native Diver Among the 
Corals; Baiting the Sharks; The Strange Morays. 

April 3 — The Dragons of the Pond; Belgium the Beautiful; My Friend the 
Harti; Beckoning Tropics. 

April 10 — Japan — Customs and Industries; Baboons and Zebras; The Cement 

April 17 — The Weaver-bird and Its Neighbors; The Eve of the Revolution:* The 
Ride of Paul Revere; On Lexington Green; By Concord Bridge. 

April 24 — Trooping the Color; The Great Raccoon Hunt; Alluring Bali; Alaskan 
Seals at Home. 

Autumn Course 

October 2 — The Haunted House; Su-Lin the Panda; Top o' the Morning; Cats 
and More Cats. 

October 9 — Ocean Currents; Adventures of Columbus.* 

October 16 — Hawaiian Songs and Dances; The Strange Glow-worm; Zitari — a 
Famous Maya Legend. 

October 23 — Grass — A Story of Persia; Around the Horn in a Square-rigger; 
Animal Life. 

October 30 — The Traveling Newt; Marvels of the Microscope; Glimpses of 
Philippine Life; The Autogiro. 

November 6 — -The Semang and His Poisoned Arrows; The Todas of the Nilgiri 
Hills; The Nightingale; A Visit to Greenfield Village. 

November 13 — The Wild Turkey; Housekeeping at the Zoo; On a South Sea Shore; 
Underwater Champions. 

November 20 — Story of the Clouds; The Adventures of Daniel Boone:* Blazing 
a New Trail; The Capture by Indians; The Escape. 

November 27 — Fun on the Ice; Desert Demons; Thrills of Skiing; The Toy Shop. 

♦Yale Chronicles, a gift to the Museum of the late Chauncey Keep. 

236 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

In addition to the regular series of entertainments, two special 
programs were offered in February as follows: 

February 12 — Lincoln's Birthday Program: My Father; Native State. 

February 22 — Washington's Birthday Program: Washington as General; Wash- 
ington as President. 

Nineteen programs in all were offered in the Simpson Theatre 
for the children of the city and its suburbs. Total attendance at 
these entertainments was 27,775. Of this number, 4,357 came to 
the special programs, 12,083 to the spring course, and 11,335 to the 
autumn series. 

Among newspapers which gave publicity to the programs were 
the Chicago Daily News, Chicago Tribune, Chicago Herald and 
Examiner, Chicago Evening American, Chicago Daily Times, and 
Downtown Shoppirig News. 

Expressions of appreciation for films loaned for the programs are 
herewith made to the Motion Picture Bureau of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, Chicago; Castle Films, Chicago; the Cunard- 
White Star Line (Chicago office) ; and the Fouke Fur Company, St. 
Louis, Missouri. 


Members of the Raymond Foundation staff prepared two 
series of Museum Stories for Children. Printed by Field Museum 
Press in folder form, these were distributed to all children attending 
the entertainments. The subjects of these stories correlated with 
films shown, or slides used, on the programs given in the Simpson 
Theatre. The titles of the stories in each series follow: 

Series XXVIII — Flies Good and Bad; The Paiute Indians; Eclipses; Vicious 
Dwellers of the Coral Forests; Dragon-flies, Past and Present; Japanese 
Homes; Bird and Animal Partnerships; The Raccoons and Their Cousins. 

Series XXIX— The Giant Panda; "Sea Rivers"; From Glow-worm to Firefly; 
The Story of Grasses; The Common Newt or Red Eft; Blow-guns and Their 
Users; Glimpses of Samoa; Clouds; Termites. 

In addition to the regular distribution effected at entertainments, 
copies of these stories were distributed to children during the sum- 
mer by displaying them at the North Door in a holder from which 
they could be taken. The year's total distribution of the stories was 
36,000 copies. 


Classwork in the exhibition halls was extended to the following 
groups : 

Raymond Foundation 237 

Number of 

groups Attendance 

Tours for children of Chicago schools 

Chicago public schools 527 18,586 

Chicago parochial schools 33 1,092 

Chicago private schools 10 204 

Tours for children of suburban schools 

Suburban public schools 299 9,323 

Suburban parochial schools 15 *525 

Suburban private schools 4 79 

Tours for special groups from clubs 

and other organizations 87 3,755 

Guide-lecture service was given to 975 groups in all, and the 
aggregate attendance was 33,564. During the month of May, 111 
groups from the public schools of the city, and seventy-two from 
suburban schools, were given lecture service varying from forty-five 
to sixty minutes depending on the age of the children and the sub- 
jects to be studied. Many more groups could have been handled 
had more lecturers been available. On November 30 and December 
2, parties of 4-H Club boys and girls visited the Museum for special 
tours in the halls devoted to the life of prehistoric plants, animals 
and man, and in the Hall of Races of Mankind. The total number 
of National 4-H Clubs Congress delegates who attended these 
special tours was 1,352. 


As in previous years, extension lectures were offered to the 
schools. Presented in classrooms and assemblies, before audiences 
of both high and elementary schools, the subjects were as follows: 

For Geography and History Groups 
Glimpses of Eskimo Life; South America; North American Indians; Glimpses of 
Chinese Life; Native Life in the Philippines; Mexico and Its Southern Neigh- 
bors; The Romans; The Egyptians; Migisi, the Indian Lad. 

For Science Groups 

Field Museum and Its Work; Prehistoric Plants and Animals; Insect Life; Am- 
phibians and Reptiles; The Story of Rubber; Coal and Iron; Coffee, Chocolate 
and Tea; A Trip to Banana Land; Birds of the Chicago Region; Animal Life 
in the Chicago Region; Trees of the Chicago Region; Wild Flowers of the 
Chicago Region; Animals at Home; Our Outdoor Friends. 

The extension lectures given by the staff of the Raymond Foun- 
dation totaled 469, and the aggregate attendance was 169,337. 


For use in the Theatre, the small lecture hall, and in extension 
lectures, the Raymond Foundation acquired during the year, 521 
slides made by the Division of Photography. The Museum Illus- 
trator colored 365 of these. 

238 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

The Foundation received also three natural color photographs 
on glass of the motmot and tanager, presented by Mr. Philip M. 
Chancellor, Hollywood, California; a sound motion picture film, 
Alluring Bali, purchased from Burton Holmes Films, Inc., Chicago; 
a portable stereopticon projector and screen presented by Mr. 
Clarence B. Mitchell, of Chicago, who also gave twenty-five natural 
color slides made by him of jades in the Museum collection; and 
200 feet of unique motion picture film of Su-Lin, the young giant 
panda at the Chicago Zoological Park in Brookfield, purchased from 
Mr. C. J. Albrecht, Chicago, who was the photographer. 


Guide-lecture service was made available without charge to 
clubs, conventions, colleges, hospitals and other organizations, and 
to Museum visitors in general. During July and August, morning 
tours were given in addition to the regular afternoon ones. Printed 
monthly schedules were distributed at the main entrance for the 
information of visitors. Co-operating agencies such as libraries and 
other civic centers throughout the city, and in the suburbs as well, 
also distributed schedules. The public tours included 103 of a general 
nature, and 196 covering specific subjects. These were taken 
advantage of by 282 groups, comprising 5,130 individuals. In addi- 
tion to the public tours, there were special tours for 127 groups from 
colleges, clubs, hospitals and other organizations, in which 2,985 
persons participated. 

The James Simpson Theatre was used by the Board of Education 
on June 3 for commencement exercises for 780 foreign-born adults. 
On November 8, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Evans, of the Canal Zone, 
lectured in the Theatre on "Plants of Panama" before a specially 
invited group of botanists. The Raymond Foundation staff 
assisted in handling these two meetings. 

The Theatre was used also by the Chicago Park District for a 
prize-distributing program on the evening of January 15. There 
were 400 present. On January 29, the Chicago Recreation Com- 
mission held graduation exercises in the Theatre for the Recreation 
Training Institute, with 390 present. 

The use of the small lecture hall was granted to three small 
groups for educational purposes. Two talks were given to women's 
groups by Raymond Foundation staff members. The attendance 
was 123. 

Lectures for Adults 239 

summary of attendance at entertainments, lectures, 
tours, etc. — raymond foundation 

The number of groups reached through the activities of the 
James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public 
School and Children's Lectures totaled 1,877 and the aggregate 
attendance included in these groups was 239,724 individuals. 

The personal interest of Mrs. James Nelson Raymond, evidenced 
not only by her continued financial support but also by her intimate 
knowledge of the methods, material, and objectives of the Lecture 
Foundation, is greatly appreciated by the members of the staff. 


The Museum's sixty-seventh and sixty-eighth courses of free 
lectures for adults were given on Saturday afternoons in the James 
Simpson Theatre during the spring and autumn months. As usual, 
they were illustrated with motion pictures and stereopticon slides. 
Following are the programs of both series: 

Sixty-seventh Free Lecture Course 

March 6 — Birds, Bergs and Kodiak Bears. 

Mr. William L. Finley, Portland, Oregon. 

March 13 — Amazing Finland. 

Mr. H. Canfield Cook, Chicago. 

March 20 — Hunting with the Tiger Man. 

Mr. Sasha A. Siemel, New York. 

March 27 — Wandering Windjammer. 

Mr. Alan Villiers, Melbourne, Australia. 

April 3— Burma — Land of the Golden Pagodas. 

Mr. H. C. Ostrander, Jersey City, New Jersey. 

April 10 — The Kingdom of the Moors. 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, New York. 

April 17 — Hunting with a Microphone. 

Dr. Arthur A. Allen, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 

April 24 — Plant Life in the Caribbean. 

Dr. William Seifriz, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Sixty-eighth Free Lecture Course 

October 2 — The Life History of the Alaskan Fur Seal. 
Mr. C. J. Albrecht, Field Museum. 

October 9 — Roaming with the Movie Camera. 

Captain John D. Craig, New York. 

October 16 — Deserts of the Southwest. 

Mr. John Claire Monteith, Hollywood, California. 

October 23 — Transpolar Commerce by Air. 

Mr. Vilhjalmur Stefansson, New York. 

October 30 — Tamest Africa. 

Dr. S. A. Barrett, Milwaukee Public Museum. 

240 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

November 6 — Let's Consider the Heavens. 

Dr. Forest Ray Moulton, Washington, D.C. 

November 13 — Snaring Bird Songs. 

Mr. Charles Crawford Gorst, Boston, Massachusetts. 

November 20 — Exploring in the Unknown Arctic. 

Mr. Edward Shackleton, Oxford University Exploration Club. 

November 27 — Voyaging Fuegian Waters to Cape Horn. 
Mr. Amos Burg, Portland, Oregon. 

The total attendance at these seventeen lectures was 16,494 
persons, of whom 8,558 attended the spring course, and 7,936 the 
autumn course. 


An innovation of the year was a series of Sunday afternoon 
lecture tours, inaugurated on October 3. The conductor of the 
tours is Mr. P. G. Dallwig, a Chicago business man, and Member of 
the Museum, whose deep interest in scientific subjects' has led him 
to give his services, as Layman Lecturer, without cost to the 
Museum or to those participating in the lecture tours. Parties 
meet at 2 p.m. in Stanley Field Hall. To join the groups it is 
necessary to register and receive identification tickets, as the num- 
ber that can be taken on each tour is limited. The subjects presented 
were as follows: 

October (five Sundays) — The Parade of the Races (Hall of Man). 

November (four Sundays) — Nature's "March of Time" (Hall of Historical Geology). 

December (four Sundays) — Digging up Our Ancestral Skeletons (Hall of the Stone 

Age of the Old World). 

Thirteen of these lectures were given, and the number of persons 
attending was 905. 


The Museum rendered instruction or other services during the 
year to a total of 1,909 groups, aggregating 257,913 individuals. 
These figures include the 1,877 groups and 239,724 individuals 
reached through the activities of the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures, 
and, in addition, the 16,494 persons attending the adult lectures, the 
905 persons attending the special Sunday afternoon lecture tours, 
and 790 persons who attended two meetings of outside organizations 
to which the James Simpson Theatre and the small lecture hall were 
made available. 

Library 241 


The year 1937 has been marked by further development of the 
services which the Library offers both to scientists and the general 
public. Continued progress in this direction is one of the principal 
objectives toward which the Library staff is constantly striving. 

The Library at the end of the year contained more than 105,000 
books and pamphlets. Part of these are on the shelves of the General 
Library; additional thousands are allocated to Departmental 
Libraries, where they function as exceedingly useful collections on 
special subjects. Records for all are made in the General Library. 
Upon request, books are brought from different parts of the building 
to the Reading Room of the General Library. During 1937, more 
than 10,000 parts of periodicals and publications, exclusive of 
books, were received and prepared for readers, and 19,808 cards 
were added to the catalogue. 

A much needed inventory of the Library has been made, and in 
two of the Departmental Libraries the books have been partially 
rearranged, in order to make needed space. Many volumes that had 
been in use for years urgently needed repairs, and some of these have 
now received careful treatment by binders assigned by the Works 
Progress Administration. This has added years to the usefulness 
of the books and, incidentally, has much improved their appearance. 
The WPA workers have also bound many books which have long 
needed attention. A large amount of this work remains to be done. 
The work of treating leather-bound books with oil, and cleaning 
them, was continued during part of the year. 

The translation of some Russian and Polish papers on anthropo- 
logical subjects was also accomplished by WPA workers. 

More people are learning that the Museum Library has material 
not to be found elsewhere in the city, and consequently increasing 
demands are being made upon its resources. Students of various 
universities and other institutions are among those making extensive 
use of the Library. Persons searching for rare source material often 
find it here. Others seeking to learn what is being done today in 
various scientific fields also obtain valuable assistance. Authors, 
scientific and otherwise, radio entertainers, writers of motion picture 
scenarios, and advertising writers and artists, are among those seeking 
help from the Library. 

As pointed out in previous Reports, the Library depends for 
its growth primarily on its exchanges of publications with other 

242 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

scientific and educational institutions. It is a pleasure to note the 
addition in 1937 of much valuable material through advantageous 
new exchange arrangements effected with various institutions and 
individuals. Also, several exchange correspondents have graciously 
sent earlier as well as current numbers of their publications, thus 
helping to complete the Museum's files. These publications include 
material of value to all Departments. Some recent numbers of Field 
Museum's Geological Series were sent to various individuals who 
had not previously been exchanging publications with this institution. 
The response to these has been very gratifying, and valuable contacts 
have thus been made. 

The Library was fortunate in 1937 in being enabled to renew 
subscriptions to a few more of the periodicals formerly received and 
then discontinued for several years. These, like those renewed in 
the previous years, included the intervening volumes so as to com- 
plete various sets. Unfortunately, however, there are many files of 
periodicals which still lack some volumes, and it is hoped that these 
may gradually be completed. This year twenty of the early volumes 
of Journal of Botany were secured, and Zoologischer Anzeiger was 
completed, as were also American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 
Asia Major, Gartenflora, Ostasiatische Zeitschrift, Zeitschrift fur 
Saugetierkunde, Zoologische Garten, and Zeitschrift fur die gesamte 
Ornithologie. Each one renewed adds a bit more to the efficiency of 
the Library, as such periodicals contain the latest discoveries and 
newest achievements of science. 

Every year brings further demands for books on new scientific 
advances. Each new exhibit installed is preceded by calls for more 
books, and during the past year an encouraging number has been 
added. Also, there has fortunately been opportunity to purchase 
some books, which have long been among the special desiderata, 
and which include several very difficult to obtain. Outstanding 
among these should be mentioned: F. Fontana, Ricerche Fisiche sopra 
il Veleno delta Viper a; J. E. Gray, Spicilegia Zoologica; M. Maki, 
Monograph of the Snakes of Japan; Prinz zu Wied-Neuwied Maxi- 
milian, Reise nach Brasilien, Atlas Abbildungen zur Naturgeschichte 
Brasiliens; Johann Baptist von Spix, Animalia nova . . . Lacertarum 
. . . Serpentium, Testudinum et Ranarum, and J. Wagler, Serpentium 
Brasiliensium (in J. B. von Spix). 

The Library has also purchased some of the later and present- 
day books that are important, among which are the following: A. 
Brauer, Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Entwicklungsgeschichte und 

Library 243 

Anatomie der Gymnophionen; P. Buchanan, Journey to Madras 
Through the Countries of Mysore, Canara and Malabar; C. H. Curran 
and Carl Kauffeld, Snakes and Their Ways; F. Delaroche, Eryngiorum 
nee non Generis Novi Asclepideae Historia; Karl Dohring, Kunst und 
Kunstgewerbe in Siam; Duncker, Ehrenbaum, Kyle, Mohr and 
Schnakenbeck, Die Fische der Nord- und Ostsee; Arthur Evans, The 
Palace of Minos at Knossos; H. Gerth, Geologie Sudamerikas, 
(Volumes 1 and 2) ; A. Goette, Die Entwicklungsgeschichte der Unke; 
Grinnell, Dixon and Linsdale, Fur-bearing Mammals of California; 
T. H. Hendley, Catalogue of the Collections in the Jeypore Museum; 
J. D. Hooker, and Th. Thomason, Flora Indica; International Col- 
portage Missions, Ojibway Dictionaries; Robert Matheson, Medical 
Entomology; C. K. Meek, Tribal Studies in Northern Nigeria; Minister 
of the Colonies, Rome, Voyageurs italiens en Afrique; Fanny Parkes, 
Wanderings of a Pilgrim . . . in the East; Edmund J. Peck, Eskimo- 
English Dictionary; C. G. and B. Z. Seligman, Pagan Tribes of the 
Nilotic Sudan; R. W. Swallow, Ancient Chinese Bronze Mirrors; and 
J. R. de la Torre-Bueno, A Glossary of Entomology. 

Sections of the latest edition of Stieler's Atlas of Modern Geography 
are being received as issued, as are also the parts of the Dictionary 
of American English, edited by Sir William Craigie. These are being 
published at irregular intervals. 

President Stanley Field presented Alexander Wilson's American 
Ornithology: Plates, published in 1829. Also, by gift of Mr. Field 
the Library has received a copy of Stanley Charles Mott's Chinese 
Jade Throughout the Ages, and S. Kip Farrington's Atlantic Game 
Fishing. Dr. E. E. Sherff, of Chicago, has again made many valuable 
additions to the collection of botanical books. 

In addition to those who have given books, there are about 150 
other persons who have presented smaller publications as issued. 
These are most desirable, and provide material that is of great use. 
The Library gratefully acknowledges these gifts. 

Several members of the Museum Staff have generously given 
current numbers of various periodicals, and President Field again 
presented weekly the numbers of the Illustrated London News. 

The Library wishes to acknowledge with gratitude the assistance 
given by other libraries through loans of books which were needed 
for consultation. Among these should be mentioned especially the 
John Crerar Library, Chicago; the Libraries of the University of 
Chicago; Newberry Library, Chicago; Library of the Art Institute 
of Chicago; The Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; United 

244 Field Museum of Natural History—Reports, Vol. XI 

States Department of Agriculture, Washington; the Library of 
Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois; Library of the Missouri 
Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri; the Library of Peabody 
Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts; and the 
Library of the American Museum of Natural History, New York. 


The number of copies of publications and miscellaneous printing 
jobs produced in the Division of Printing during 1937 exceeded that 
of any previous year. Twenty-seven new numbers were added to 
the regular publication series, requiring an aggregate of 4,162 pages 
of type composition. The number of copies of these printed by 
Field Museum Press was 26,757. Three of these publications were 
in the Anthropological Series, ten in the Botanical Series, seven in 
the Geological Series, six in the Zoological Series, and one was the 
Annual Report of the Director for 1936. In addition, five leaflets, 
aggregating 214 pages of type composition, were published in editions 
totaling 13,420 copies. Two of these were on anthropological and 
three on botanical subjects. Of the eighteenth edition of the General 
Guide, a 48-page book, 10,026 copies were printed. A sixth 
edition, consisting of 2,552 copies, of the 72-page Handbook of Field 
Museum was also issued. 

The number of labels printed for exhibits reached a total of 6,922, 
including those for all Departments of the Museum. Other printed 
matter, such as the twelve issues of Field Museum News, Museum 
stationery, posters, lecture schedules, supplies, etc., brought the 
total number of impressions for the year to 882,754. 

A detailed list of publications follows: 

Publication Series 

378. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, No. 16. A New Genus, Barylambda, for Titan- 

oides faberi, Paleocene Amblypod. By Bryan Patterson. January 26, 

1937. 4 pages. Edition 834. 
379.— Botanical Series, Vol. XIII, Part II, No. 2. Flora of Peru. By J. Francis 

Macbride. March 15, 1937. 408 pages. Edition 827. 
380. — Anthropological Series, Vol. XXV, No. 1. Skeletal Material from San Jose 

Ruin, British Honduras. By Wilfrid D. Hambly. March 25, 1937. 20 

pages, 3 text figures. Edition 672. 
381. — Zoological Series, Vol. XIII, Part X. Catalogue of Birds of the Americas. 

By Charles E. Hellmayr. April 12, 1937. 234 pages. Edition 772. 
382. — Report Series, Vol. XI, No. 1. Annual Report of the Director for the Year 

1936. January, 1937. 148 pages, 14 collotypes. Edition 5,553. 
383.— Geological Series, Vol. VII, No. 1. The Grinnell Ice-Cap. By Sharat K. 

Roy. May 26, 1937. 20 pages, 9 text figures, 1 map. Edition 825. 
384. — Geological Series, Vol. VII, No. 2. The History and Petrography of Fro- 

bisher's "Gold Ore." By Sharat K. Roy. May 26, 1937. 18 pages, 9 

text figures, 1 map. Edition 809. 












12 u ffi 

o « 




H 2 


H Eh 


w o 



Division of Printing 245 

385. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, No. 17. Mounted Skeleton of Homalodotherium. 

By Elmer S. Riggs. May 26, 1937. 12 pages, 5 text figures. Edition 823. 
386. — Botanical Series, Vol. XVII, No. 1. The North American Species of Rumex. 

By K. H. Rechinger, Jr. June 24, 1937. 152 pages, 25 text figures. 

Edition 860. 
387. — Botanical Series, Vol. IX, No. 3. Useful Plants and Drugs of Iran and Iraq. 

By David Hooper, with notes by Henry Field. June 30, 1937. 174 pages. 

Edition 837. 
388.— Botanical Series, Vol. XVI, Part I. The Genus Bidens. By Earl Edward 

Sherff. August 31, 1937. 346 pages, 88 zinc plates. Edition 821. 
389.— Botanical Series, Vol. XVI, Part II. The Genus Bidens. By Earl Edward 

Sherff. September 21, 1937. 364 pages, 101 zinc plates. Edition 828. 
390.— Botanical Series, Vol. XVII, No. 2. Studies of American Plants— VII. By 

Paul C. Standley. September 28, 1937. 72 pages. Edition 871. 
391.— Botanical Series, Vol. XVIII, Part I. Flora of Costa Rica. By Paul C. 

Standley. October 12, 1937. 398 pages, 1 map. Edition 866. 
392.— Botanical Series, Vol. XVIII, Part II. Flora of Costa Rica. By Paul C. 

Standley. October 20, 1937. 392 pages. Edition 894. 
393.— Botanical Series, Vol. XIII, Part VI, No. 2. Flora of Peru. By J. Francis 

Macbride. October 29, 1937. 230 pages. Edition 859. 
394. — Anthropological Series, Vol. XXVI, Part I. Source Book for African 

Anthropology. By Wilfrid D. Hambly. November 30, 1937. 404 pages, 

76 text figures, 4 maps. Edition 627. 
395.— Botanical Series, Vol. XVII, No. 3. Studies of American Plants— VIII. 

By Paul C. Standley. December 10, 1937. 60 pages. Edition 872. 
396. — Anthropological Series, Vol. XXVI, Part II. Source Book for African 

Anthropology. By Wilfrid D. Hambly. December 20, 1937. 550 pages, 

35 text figures, 1 map. Edition 660. 
397. — Geological Series, Vol. VII, No. 3. Asterism in Garnet, Spinel, Quartz 

and Sapphire. By Albert J. Walcott. December 28, 1937. 20 pages, 

7 text figures. Edition 862. 
398. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, No. 23. Notes on Sea-Basses of the Genus 

Centropristes. By Alfred C. Weed. December 28, 1937. 30 pages, 2 text 

figures. Edition 810. 
399. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, No. 24. American Bats of the Subfamily 

Emballonurinae. By Colin Campbell Sanborn. December 28, 1937. 

34 pages, 12 text figures. Edition 813. 
400. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, No. 19. Some Notoungulate Braincasts. By 

Bryan Patterson. December 28, 1937. 30 pages, 6 text figures. Edition 

401. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, No. 18. A Soricid and Two Erinaceids from the 

White River Oligocene. By Bryan Patterson and Paul O. McGrew. 

December 28, 1937. 28 pages, 15 text figures. Edition 814. 
402. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, No. 25. Notes on Snakes from the Yucatan 

Peninsula. By E. Wyllys Andrews. December 28, 1937. 6 pages. 

Edition 826. 
403.— Zoological Series, Vol. XX, No. 26. The History of Elaps collaris Schlegel, 

1837-1937. By Karl P. Schmidt. December 28, 1937. 4 pages. Edition 

404. — Zoological Series, Vol. XX, No. 27. Variable Dentition in a Chinese 

Insectivore. By Wilfred H. Osgood. December 28, 1937. 4 pages. 

Edition 840. 

Leaflet Series 

Anthropology, No. 30 (third edition). The Races of Mankind. By Henry Field, 
with a preface by Berthold Laufer and an introduction by Sir Arthur Keith. 
44 pages, 9 collotypes. September, 1937. Edition 4,137. 

Anthropology, No. 31 (second edition). Prehistoric Man. Hall of the Stone Age 
of the Old World. By Henry Field, with a foreword by Berthold Laufer. 44 
pages, 8 collotypes, 1 map, 1 cover design. September, 1937. Edition 3,077. 

246 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Botany, No. 15 (second edition). Spices and Condiments. By James B. McNair. 

64 pages, 11 zinc etchings. June, 1937. Edition 1,075. 
Botany, No. 20. House Plants. By Robert Van Tress. 36 pages, 31 text figures, 

1 cover design. April, 1937. Edition 2, £15. 
Botany, No. 21. Tea. By Llewelyn Williams. 30 pages, 9 collotypes, 1 cover 

design. July, 1937. Edition 2,516. 

Guide Series 

General Guide to Field Museum of Natural History Exhibits. Eighteenth edition. 

1937. 48 pages, 3 zinc etchings, 1 halftone, 1 collotype (cover). Edition 

Handbook. General information concerning the museum, its history, building, 

exhibits, expeditions and activities. Sixth edition. June, 1937. 72 pages, 

8 halftones. Edition 2,552. 


The negatives, prints, photographic enlargements, lantern slides, 
transparent exhibition labels, etc., produced in the Division of Photog- 
raphy during 1937 totaled 12,415 items. This represents a large 
decrease from the 1936 production, which is explained by the fact 
that, unlike the previous year, there were no photographers assigned 
to the Division by the Works Progress Administration. The majority 
of the items produced were in fulfillment of requisitions from the 
various Departments and Divisions of the Museum, but also included 
in the total are 473 prints, enlargements, and stereopticon slides for 
sale on orders received from the public. 

The important task of cataloguing the Museum's extensive col- 
lection of negatives, now numbering approximately 87,000, was 
continued by WPA clerks. This work makes the negative collection 
much more accessible and convenient for filling the constant stream 
of requisitions received. 

The Museum Collotyper produced a total of 634,925 prints. 
These include collotype illustrations for publications and leaflets, 
covers for various published works, picture post cards, and poster 

The Museum Illustrator filled 647 orders for various types of art 
work received from various Departments and Divisions. Included in 
this total were more than 100 drawings, the coloring of 365 lantern 
slides, and various items of photograph retouching, lettering, map- 
making, etc. 


The publications of the Museum, as in previous years, were 
generously distributed during 1937. To institutions and individuals 
engaged in scientific work there were sent on exchange account 
15,604 copies of scientific publications, 1,264 leaflets, and 933 miscel- 

Division of Publications 247 

laneous publications and pamphlets. Also, 3,898 copies of the 1936 
Annual Report of the Director, and 648 leaflets were sent to Members 
of the Museum. Sales during the year totaled 840 scientific publica- 
tions, 9,170 leaflets, and 11,363 miscellaneous publications and 
pamphlets, such as Guides, Handbooks, and Memoirs. 

Forty-two large boxes containing 6,454 individually addressed 
packages of publications were shipped to Washington, D.C., for 
distribution through the courtesy of the exchange bureau of the 
Smithsonian Institution, to museums, research organizations, scien- 
tific libraries, and individuals in foreign countries, from whom 
valuable material is received for the Library of Field Museum. An 
equally large quantity of books was sent by mail to domestic institu- 
tions and individuals on the exchange list. 

Thirty-seven new exchange arrangements which were established 
with institutions and scientists during the year should prove of 
mutual advantage. 

For future sale and distribution, 29,894 copies of various publi- 
cations issued during 1937 were wrapped in packages, labeled, and 
stored in the stock room. 

The continued popularity of two anthropology leaflets, The 
Races of Mankind and Prehistoric Man, necessitated the issuing of 
new editions of each. The Museum in 1937 sold 2,195 copies of these 
two leaflets which were first published in 1933. A second edition 
was issued also of the botany leaflet Spices and Condiments, originally 
published in 1930. 

Of the books published under other auspices and handled on con- 
signment at the Museum, sales for the year totaled 1,690 copies. 
These are books on natural history subjects written in popular 
style. The authors of some of them are members of the Staff of 
Field Museum. 


The total number of post cards sold during 1937 was 127,827, of 
which 26,510 were grouped into 1,291 sets. The increase over the 
preceding year's total sales was 43,777, covering both individual 
cards and sets of cards. 

A new set was added to the cards issued for the Department of 
Anthropology. It contains eighty views of the sculptures by Miss 
Malvina Hoffman of the living races of mankind — all that have been 
reproduced in post card form. Additions to the individual post 
card assortment include one geological and four zoological subjects. 

248 Field Museum of Natural History-— Reports, Vol. XI 

The publicity received by Field Museum increased to a notable 
extent in 1937 as compared with several preceding years. Not only 
were the articles and photographs printed in newspapers and other 
publications more numerous, but they were given more prominent 
display. There were many full-page and half-page feature articles, 
and layouts of pictures of Museum subjects. Outstanding especially 
was the newspaper space given the arrival of the twenty millionth 
visitor to the present building and the special exhibits arranged in 
connection with this event. The Chicago Sunday Tribune gave a 
full page to an article and pictures on this subject, and the Chicago 
Sunday Times devoted two full pages to it, while major space was 
given to it also in the news columns of the daily editions of these and 
other newspapers. On other subjects, three full pages of photo- 
graphs appeared in successive weeks in the Saturday rotogravure 
section of the Chicago Daily News, and a number of page and half- 
page features were printed at various times in the Chicago Evening 
American and the Chicago Herald and Examiner. Outside Chicago 
also extensive attention was given to Field Museum, especially note- 
worthy being displays in the New York Times, the Illustrated London 
News, and the pictorial magazine Life, to mention only a few. 

To keep the public informed constantly of all Museum activities, 
both news and feature stories, and many photographs, were released 
several times each week by the Division of Public Relations. These 
were distributed not only to the local press (metropolitan and 
suburban) but were also circulated nationally and internationally 
through various news agencies such as the Associated Press, United 
Press, Universal Service, International News Service, Science Service, 
and others. The total number of news and feature articles released 
was 296, or an average of more than five per week. To illustrate 
these articles, several hundred photographs and captions were 
also distributed. 

The series of articles and pictures entitled "Exhibit of the 
Week," begun in the latter part of 1936, was continued through 
the greater part of 1937. By applying this designation to them, 
renewed interest was created for forty-eight especially selected 
Museum exhibits which no longer possessed other elements of time- 
liness. These articles were designed to carry out a special aim of 
Museum publicity to supplement the announcement of current ac- 
tivities with general educational material which fits into the 
basic program of disseminating and interpreting knowledge. 

Division of Public Relations 249 

The releases from the Museum, by keeping the institution con- 
stantly before the eyes of editors of newspapers and magazines, 
stimulated them frequently to assign their own writers and camera- 
men to obtain additional material about the Museum and its activi- 
ties, thus increasing the total publicity. Occasional favorable 
comments on the work of the Museum appeared also in the edi- 
torial columns of various publications. 

The monthly bulletin, Field Museum News, published for the 
Members of this institution, was carried on for its eighth year and 
eighth volume. The preparation and distribution of this periodical 
is one of the duties of the Division of Public Relations. A number 
of innovations in editorial content were made, while the main object 
of presenting the widest possible variety of articles and photographs 
in the limited space available was pursued as in previous years. 
Copies were delivered to all Members at the beginning of each month. 
While maintenance of constant contact with the membership is the 
principal aim of this publication, it performs additional functions 
also, as an exchange item with other scientific institutions and 
libraries, and as an additional medium of general publicity. Copies 
are sent to newspaper and magazine editors, and as a result articles 
in it are frequently reprinted in full, or quoted. 

The Division of Public Relations assisted in publicizing the 
Museum's series of dramatized radio programs, "From the Ends of 
the Earth," which themselves constituted an outstanding achieve- 
ment in attracting public interest. In addition to this series, the 
Museum received other radio publicity through programs offered 
by network systems and individual broadcasting stations. Another 
medium contributing to publicity was the motion picture newsreels, 
which on several occasions made films of Museum subjects. 

As in many previous years, various organizations controlling 
advertising media made them available to the Museum without 
charging for their services. The Illinois Central System and the 
Chicago and North Western Railway displayed at their city and 
suburban passenger stations placards announcing the Museum's 
spring and autumn lecture courses. Several ceiling-cards featuring 
Field Museum exhibits appeared in the street cars of the Chicago 
Surface Lines, and both that company and the Chicago Motor Coach 
Company posted in their vehicles other placards suggesting that 
their patrons visit the Museum. 

Information folders about the Museum have been widely dis- 
tributed by hotels, clubs, libraries, schools, department stores, and 


250 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

public institutions, and many of these have also displayed posters 
advertising the lecture courses. 

In addition to the aforementioned activities, a large part of the 
time of the Division of Public Relations has been devoted to numer- 
ous other duties, especially editorial work on certain Museum pub- 
lications, and special articles requested by a number of periodicals. 
A volume of correspondence and other tasks involving detailed work 
of various kinds is also handled in the Division. Several hundred 
invitations were sent to the chairmen of conventions held in this 
city, and through them thousands of Museum folders were dis- 
tributed to the delegates attending their meetings. 


Although a slightly larger number of new Members was enrolled 
in 1937 than in 1936, the losses incurred by death and cancellation 
also were greater, resulting in a smaller net increase in membership. 
The total number of memberships on record as of December 31, 1937, 
is 4,266. 

Field Museum wishes to express its appreciation and gratitude 
to all its Members, who, by their loyal support, help to make pos- 
sible the continuance of the institution's great educational work. 
An expression of appreciation for their past support is due likewise 
to those who found it necessary to discontinue their membership, 
and an invitation is extended to them to resume their association 
with the work of the Museum whenever they may find it convenient 
to enroll as Members again. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the list 
in each of the membership classifications at the end of 1937: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 15 

Patrons 26 

Corresponding Members 6 

Contributors 113 

Corporate Members 46 

Life Members 281 

Non-Resident Life Members 10 

Associate Members 2,404 

Non-Resident Associate Members 5 

Sustaining Members 13 

Annual Members 1,324 

Total Memberships 4,266 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1937 will be 
found on the pages at the end of this Report. 

Cafeteria 251 


Meals and other refreshments were served to 146,951 persons 
during 1937 in the lunch rooms operated in the Museum. This was 
a notable increase over 1936 when the number served was 118,841. 
Of the 1937 total, 103,682 patronized the main Cafeteria and 43,269 
used the children's room. These figures compare with 81,534 and 
37,307 respectively in 1936. 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, names of Members, et cetera. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 

252 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 


FOR YEARS 1936 AND 1937 

1937 1936 

Total attendance 1,292,023 1,191,437 

Paid attendance 94,217 68,375 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 29,460 27,205 

Schoolchildren 119,486 63,914 

Teachers 2,492 2,165 

Members 1,524 997 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 186,198 (53) 171,357 

Saturdays (52) 322,980 (52) 373,470 

Sundays (52) 535,666 (52) 483,954 

Highest attendance (May 21) 42,421 (Sept. 6) 21,229 

Lowest attendance (Dec. 17) 129 (Jan. 22) 73 

Highest paid attendance (Sept. 6) 3,448 (Sept. 7) 2,694 

Average daily admissions (365 days) 3,570 (366 days) 3,255 

Average paid admissions (209 days) 450 (209 days) 327 

Number of guides sold 7,555 5,339 

Number of articles checked 21,917 16,969 

Number of picture post cards sold 127,827 84,050 

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, 

portfolios, and photographs $5,289.49 $4,441.33 

Financial Statements 253 


FOR YEARS 1936 AND 1937 

Income 1937 i 9 3 6 

Endowment Funds $175,878.29 $173,521.14 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ments 37,022.16 38,646.13 

Life Membership Fund 13,275.28 13,672.74 

Associate Membership Fund .. . 12,754.67 12'407'71 

Chicago Park District 92,122.69 91,'029!94 

Annual and Sustaining Member- 
ships 12,383.50 11,167.00 

Admissions 23,554.25 17,093.75 

Sundry receipts 19,193.00 12,666.29 

Contributions, general purposes . 50,305.04 450.00 
Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 58,558.57 48,567.37 

Special funds: Part expended 
this year for purposes desig- 
nated (included per contra) 16,358.07 16,884.79 

$511,405.52 $436,106.86 


Collections $ 5,796.12 $ 2,903.94 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections .. . 46,338.05 51,732.60 

Expeditions 10,305.17 1,228.47 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 48,531.38 12,385.17 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 2,240.86 794.90 

Pensions, group insurance 15,904.12 15,833.45 

Departmental expenses 43,202.37 41,342.48 

General operating expenses 298,735.04 327,831.67 

Annuities on contingent gifts. . . 35,929.23 36,431.64 
Added to principal of annuity 

endowments 1,092.93 2,214.49 

Interest on loans 2,191.06 3,828.99 

Paid on bank loans 20,375.80 38,624.20 

$530,642.13 " " $535,152.00 

Deficit . . . $ 19,236.61 Deficit . .$ 99,045.14 

Contribution by Mr. Marshall Field. . . 28,750.00 74,625.93 

Balance.. - $ 9,513.39 Net Deficit $ 24,419.21 

Notes payable January 1 $ 56,375.80 

Paid on account, by contribution of Mr. 

Stanley Field 20,375.80 

Balance payable December 31 $ 36,000.00 

$ 95,000.00 

$ 56,375.80 


1937 1936 

Income from Endowment $18,964.67 $16,717.15 

Operating expenses 13,879.08 16,365.50 

December 31 Balance $ 5,085.59 Balance ~$ 351.65 

254 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 



Brooks, J., Chicago: 1 incomplete 
prehistoric skeleton of infant found 
on surface — near Lake City, south- 
western Colorado (gift). 

Caudill, Mrs. , Chicago: 1 drum 

and 1 figure — Hopi; 1 bow, 1 quiver 
and 11 arrows — Apache, United States 

Christie, Mrs. Elizabeth Dunlap, 
Estate of, Chicago: 1 embroidered 
Persian shawl — Iran (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Chicago: 1 male 
Arab skull — Bagdad, Iraq (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 

Collected by Henry Field and Rich- 
ard A. Martin (Field Museum Anthro- 
pological Expedition to the Near East): 
137 potsherds from surface — Tel-Brak, 
northeastern Syria. 

Collected by Paul S. Martin (Field 
Museum Archaeological Expedition to 
the Southwest): about 15,600 objects: 
potsherds, pottery, stone and bone im- 
plements, and portions of two skeletons. 

Transferred from Department of 
Geology: 4 specimens of flint and opal, 
for experimental work in producing 
stone implements. 

Purchase: Ceremonial praying cos- 
tume of Tibetan Lama, including robes, 
shoes, hats, etc. — Lebrang, Kansu 
Province, China. 

Gladwin, Harold S., Globe, Ari- 
zona: 29 pieces of pottery and about 
50 potsherds — Arizona (exchange). 

Harris, N. Dwight, Evanston, 
Illinois: 1 brass image and 1 carved 
wood image — China (gift). 

Jones, Miss Mary I., Detroit, 
Michigan: 23 specimens of Chinese 
jewelry — Chekiang(?), China (gift). 

Macklind, William R., Cleveland, 
Ohio: 1 celt of granite (gift). 

Martin, Richard A., Chicago: 275 
potsherds representing all periods at 
site of Alishar Huyuk — Anatolia, Tur- 
key (gift). 

Neff, W. P., Miami, Oklahoma: 1 
"ceremonial" artifact of flint — Miami, 
Oklahoma (gift). 

Riendau, Mrs. C. H., Oak Park, 
Illinois: 2 small horn spoons, 1 large 
horn spoon, 1 painted wooden spoon, 
1 rattle, and 1 fishhook — southern 
Alaska (gift). 

Rupprecht, Mr. and Mrs. Paul, 
Chicago: 2 Afghan daggers — Khyber 
Pass, India (gift). 

Sargent, Homer E., Pasadena, 
California: 15 baskets, Porno, Maidu, 
Paiute, etc.; and 7 bags, Wasco or 
Nez Perce — California, Oregon, and 
Washington (gift). 

Shower, Mrs. Albert E., Evan- 
ston, Illinois: 1 Indian basket — United 
States (gift). 

Smith, Raymond K., Joliet, Illinois: 
1 clay figurine and 1 small temple 
model of clay excavated in what is 
now an engine pit at Nonoalco shops 
of the National Railways of Mexico — 
Mexico City (gift). 

Sorensen, Mrs. M. H., Chicago: 
1 model of an Eskimo kayak (gift). 

Stresen-Reuter, Elizabeth, Oak 
Park, Illinois: 1 Indian skull excavated 
near Gallup, New Mexico (gift). 

Thompson, F. 0., Des Moines, 
Iowa: 20 pairs of silver earrings — 
Toluca, Mexico (gift). 

Vincent, Mrs. Edward E., Chicago: 
93 objects of bone, wood, and stone- 
Greenland (gift). 

Wicker, Miss Caroline M., Chi- 
cago: 8 turkish marionettes of colored 
rawhide figures for shadow-plays— 
Stamboul, Turkey (gift). 

Wicker, Miss Caroline M., Chi- 
cago, and Mrs Frances Rugman, 
Essex, England: 1 model of bed, 1 
tobacco pipe, and 1 small pottery dish 
— Khartum, Sudan, Africa (gift). 

Woodruff, Frederick W., Joliet, 
Illinois: 1 pair of Eskimo boots — Bristol 
Bay, Alaska (gift). 


Acuna G., Julian, Estacion Experi- 
mental Agronomico, Santiago de las 
Vegas, Cuba: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Aellen, Dr. Paul, Basel, Switzer- 
land: 348 specimens of Corsican and 
Syrian plants (exchange). 



Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 357 specimens of Mexi- 
can plants (exchange). 

Arsene, Rev. Brother G., Santa 
Fe, New Mexico: 1 plant specimen 


Bailey Hortorium, Cornell Uni- 
versity, Ithaca, New York: 335 plant 
specimens (gift); 7 plant specimens 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., St. Louis, 
Missouri: 8 photographic prints (gift). 

Bartram, Edwin B., Bushkill, Penn- 
sylvania: 6 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

Bayalis, John, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 236 
plant specimens (gift). 

Blair, H. S., Puerto Armuelles, 
Panama: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Bobeng, W. G., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Brasil Oiticica S. A., Rio de Ja- 
neiro, Brazil: 39 specimens of Brazilian 
plants (gift). 

Butler, McCrillis, Chicago: 315 
plant specimens (gift). 

Butler University, Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 243 plant specimens (ex- 

Byrne, M. H., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Cabrera, Professor Angel L., La 
Plata, Argentina: 14 plant specimens 
(gift); 112 plant specimens (exchange). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 406 speci- 
mens of California plants (exchange). 

Carleton College, Department 
of Botany, Northfield, Minnesota: 134 
specimens of Costa Rican plants (gift). 

Carnegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, Cold Spring Harbor, Long 
Island, New York: 120 specimens of 
Yucatecan plants (gift). 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 378 specimens of Utah 
plants (exchange). 

Catholic University of America, 
Washington, D.C.: 58 plant specimens, 
6 photographic prints (exchange). 

Chamberlain, Dr. Charles J., 
Chicago: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Chambers, Miss Gladys M., Tou- 
galoo, Mississippi: 2 plant specimens 


Clokey, Ira W., South Pasadena, 
California: 277 specimens of California 
plants (exchange). 

Conservatoire et Jardin Botan- 
iques, Geneva, Switzerland: 1,837 
plant specimens and photographic 
prints (exchange). 

Cornell University, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Ithaca, New York: 
2,078 plant specimens (exchange). 

Cufodontis, Dr. Giorgi, Genoa, 
Italy: 21 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Danforth, Ralph E., West Boyl- 
ston, Massachusetts: 6 plant specimens 

Daston, Joseph S., Chicago: 24 
specimens of cacti (gift). 

De Pauw University, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Greencastle, Indiana: 
339 specimens of Montana plants 

Dixon, Dr. Helen, Chicago: 850 
specimens of Utah plants (gift). 

Doolittle, Mrs. Harold M., One- 
kama, Michigan: 2 plant specimens 


Drushel, Dr. J. A., Westfield, New 
Jersey: 6 plant specimens (gift). 

Ducke, Dr. Adolpho, Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil: 550 specimens of Bra- 
zilian plants (gift). 

Eifrig, Professor G., River Forest, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Elias, Rev. Brother, Barranquilla, 
Colombia: 228 specimens of Colombian 
plants (gift). 

Estacion Experimental Agrono- 
mico, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba: 45 
specimens of Cuban plants (gift). 

Fenwick, Miss Una, Leicestershire, 
England: 50 plant specimens (gift). 

Fernald, Miss Evelyn I., Rockford, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Chicago: 35 
specimens of English plants (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 

Collected by C. J. Albrecht (Field 
Museum Expedition to Pribilof Is- 
lands): 19 plant specimens. 

256 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams 
(Expedition to Southeastern Mexico): 
5,000 herbarium specimens, 595 wood 
specimens, 105 economic specimens, 
462 photographic negatives. 

Made by J. Francis Macbride: 5,789 
photographic negatives of type speci- 
mens of plants. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 229 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 1,850 specimens of plants 
— Mexico; 988 specimens of plants — 
Brazil; 65 specimens of plants — Peru; 
150 specimens of plants — Venezuela. 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
49 plant specimens (gift). 

Florists' Publishing Company, 
Chicago: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Fosberg, Dr. F. Raymond, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania: 550 specimens 
of Hawaiian plants (exchange). 

Fraser, Carl C, Bradenton, Flor- 
ida: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, Chi- 
cago: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Garrett, Professor Arthur O., 
Salt Lake City, Utah: 114 specimens of 
Utah plants (gift). 

Gentry, Howard Scott, Tucson, 
Arizona: 36 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 

Gossell, W. F., Chicago: 5 plant 
specimens (gift). 


Goteborg, Sweden: 43 specimens of 
European plants (exchange). 

Graves, C. E., Aracata, California: 
9 photographic prints (gift). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 412 plant specimens (ex- 

Gregg, Clifford C, Chicago: 5 
plant specimens (gift). 

Hammermill Paper Company, Erie, 
Pennsylvania: 4 specimens of paper 
pulp and stock (gift). 

Harnsberger, Miss Hazel, Chi- 
cago: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Harrison, B. F., Provo, Utah: 11 
plant specimens (gift). 

Haynes, Miss Caroline C, High- 
lands. New Jersey: 28 plant specimens 

Hermann, Professor F. J., Ann 
Arbor, Michigan: 182 plant specimens 

Hewetson, William T., Freeport, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Hilgeman, Dr. Robert, Tucson, 
Arizona: 1 "arm" of dates (gift). 

Hood, Professor J. Douglas, Roch- 
ester, New York: 28 specimens of Peru- 
vian plants (gift). 

Industrial and Agricultural Mu- 
seum, Warsaw, Poland: 4 specimens of 
grain (gift). 

Instituto de Botanica Darwinion, 
San Isidro, Argentina: 204 specimens 
of plants from Argentina (exchange). 

Jardim Botanico, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 25 specimens of Brazilian plants 

Jardim Botanico de Bello Hori- 
zonte, Minas Geraes, Brazil: 515 
specimens of Brazilian plants (gift); 
215 specimens of Brazilian plants (ex- 

Johnston, Dr. John R., Chimal- 
tenango, Guatemala: 567 specimens of 
Guatemalan plants (gift). 

Klug, Guillermo, Iquitos, Peru: 
39 plant specimens (gift). 

Knobloch, Irving W., Salamanca, 
New York: 53 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 

Krauth, Emil, Hebron, North Da- 
kota: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Krukoff, Boris A., Bronx Park, 
New York: 667 specimens of Brazilian 
plants, 13 economic specimens, 1 stem 
of Astrocaryum (gift). 

Laboratorios del Ministerio de 
Agricultura, San Salvador, Salvador: 
41 plant specimens (gift). 

Leal, Professor Adrian Ruiz, 
Mendoza, Argentina: 81 specimens of 
plants from Argentina (gift). 

Le Barron, S. M., New Orleans, 
Louisiana: 5 planks of Mexican woods 

Leon, Rev. Brother, Havana, Cuba: 
14 plant specimens (gift). 

Lewis, Mrs. George R., St. Louis, 
Missouri: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Lilly, Eli, and Company, Indian- 
apolis, Indiana: 1 economic specimen 



Lummis, Mrs. Nellie S., Fort 
Myers, Florida: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Marcelline, Sister M., Grand 
Rapids, Michigan: 438 specimens of 
New Mexico plants (gift). 

Marsh, Ernest G., Jr., Marathon, 
Texas: 165 specimens of Texas plants 

Marshall College, Huntington, 
West Virginia: 106 specimens of West 
Virginia plants (exchange). 

Matuda, Eizi, Escuintla, Chiapas, 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Mexia, Mrs. Ynes, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 19 specimens of Brazilian plants 

Meyer, Teodoro, Fontana, Chaco, 
Argentina: 24 specimens of Argentinean 
plants (exchange). 

Mille, Rev. Luis, Guayaquil, Ecua- 
dor: 28 specimens of Ecuador plants 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Missouri: 227 plant specimens 

Moore, George, Lebanon, Missouri: 
357 specimens of Missouri plants (gift). 

Museo Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 1,085 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants (gift). 

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, 
Belem, Brazil: 325 plant specimens 

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 
(Phanerogamie), Paris, France: 665 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Muzeum Tatrzanskie, Zakopane, 
Poland: 75 specimens of Polish plants 

Narodni Museum, Prague, Czecho- 
slovakia: 521 plant specimens (ex- 

National Herbarium, Sydney, Aus- 
tralia: 100 specimens of Australian 
plants (exchange). 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Bo- 
tanische Abteilung, Vienna, Austria: 
1 specimen of Picea wood (gift); 4,709 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, 
Stockholm, Sweden: 116 plant speci- 
mens (exchange). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
Bronx Park, New York: 82 plant 

specimens, 25 photographic prints (ex- 

Noe, Professor A. C, Chicago: 1 
economic specimen (gift). 

North Dakota Agricultural Col- 
lege, Fargo, North Dakota: 360 plant 
specimens (exchange). 

Oakes, O. A., Evanston, Illinois: 4 
planks of New Zealand woods (gift). 

Owen, Allen F., Chicago: 4 her- 
barium specimens, 5 wood specimens 

Patterson, Arthur E., East Gary, 
Indiana: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Pearsall, Gordon, River Forest, 
Illinois: 13 plant specimens (gift). 

Pearson, E. C, Las Cruces, New 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Purpus, Dr. C. A., Zacuapam, 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Rechenberg, Miss Elizabeth, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana: 1 economic specimen 

Robinson, Mrs. Jeanette B., Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin: 1 plant specimen 

Rosengurtt, Professor Bernardo, 
Montevideo, Uruguay: 63 specimens of 
plants from Uruguay (gift). 

Schmoll, Dr. Hazel, Chicago: 16 
plant specimens (gift). 

Seibert, R. J., St. Louis, Missouri: 
3 plant specimens (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 566 
specimens of plants (gift). 

Shiner, Mrs. Margaret J., Laredo, 
Texas: 5 photographic prints (gift). 

Shreve, Dr. Forrest, Tucson, Ari- 
zona: 136 plant specimens (gift); 80 
plant specimens (exchange). 

Soukup, Professor J., Puno, Peru: 
184 herbarium specimens, 1 economic 
specimen (gift). 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago: 128 
specimens of plants, 127 illustrations of 
plants (gift). 

Standley, Paul C, and Dr. Julian 
A. Steyermark, Chicago: 100 speci- 
mens of Indiana plants (gift). 

State University of Iowa, De- 
partment of Geology, Iowa City, 
Iowa: 1 fossil cycad trunk (gift). 

258 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Chi- 
cago: 4,078 plant specimens (gift). 

Steyermark, Mrs. Julian A., Chi- 
cago: 149 plant specimens (gift). 

Sydow, Dr. H., Berlin, Germany: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Taihoku Imperial University, Tai- 
hoku, Formosa: 150 specimens of 
Formosa plants (exchange). 

Teixeira, M. A. de Pimental, Mos- 
samedes, Angola: 1 plant specimen, 1 
photographic print (gift). 

Thompson, Fred O., Des Moines, 
Iowa: 1 string of Sapindus seeds (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 243 plant specimens, 
425 photographic prints, 4,113 type- 
written descriptions of new species of 
plants (exchange). 

University of Arkansas, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Fayetteville, Arkan- 
sas: 11 plant specimens (gift). 

University of California at Los 
Angeles, Department of Botany, 
Los Angeles, California: 39 plant 
specimens (exchange"). 

University of Florida, Agricul- 
tural Experiment Stations, Gaines- 
ville, Florida: 17 plant specimens (gift). 

University of Georgia, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Athens, Georgia: 67 
plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Michigan, Univer- 
sity Museums, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 
587 plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Minnesota, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota: 75 plant specimens (gift); 851 
plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Montreal, Mont- 
real, Canada: 627 specimens of Cana- 
dian plants (exchange). 

University of Pennsylvania, Bo- 
tanical Laboratory, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania: 140 plant specimens 

University of Texas, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Austin, Texas: 1,431 
plant specimens (gift). 

Utah State Agricultural Col- 
lege, Logan, Utah: 52 specimens of 
Utah plants (exchange). 

Valerio, Professor Manuel, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 237 specimens of 
Costa Rican plants (gift). 

Vargas C, Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
219 specimens of Peruvian plants 

Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Vincent, Miss Edith M., Chicago: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Weymarn, Michael A., Harbin, 
Manchukuo: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Wheeler, Louis C, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Witte Memorial Museum, San 
Antonio, Texas: 11 plant specimens 

Wolcott, A. B., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 258 
specimens of plants (gift); 25 micro- 
scopic slides of Peruvian woods (ex- 

Yuncker, Professor T. G., Green- 
castle, Indiana: 218 specimens of 
Honduras plants (gift). 

Zetek, James, Balboa, Canal Zone: 
25 plant specimens (gift). 

Zigmond, Dr. Maurice L., New 
Haven, Connecticut: 195 specimens of 
California plants (gift). 


American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: cast of jaws of 
Dryopithecus cautleyi (gift); cast of 
skeleton of fossil bird, Diairyma; cast 
of lower jaw of holotype of Griphodon; 
31 specimens fossil plants — Montana, 
Arizona, and Cuba (exchange). 

Bilsky, A. M., Toronto, Canada: 4 
specimens gold ore — -Porcupine, Ontario 


Bren, Rev. Dr. Hugo, Lemont, 
Illinois: 1 specimen Orthoceras annn- 
latum showing siphuncle (gift). 

Calhoun, G. B., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men chalcedony pseudomorph after 
root — Cody, Wyoming (gift). 

Callahan, William, Aurora, Kansas: 
1 plesiosaur vertebra, 2 gizzard stones 
— Aurora, Kansas (gift). 



Calvert, Earl L., San Gabriel, 
California: 1 specimen bakerite — Death 
Valley, California (exchange). 

Cannon, Lloyd, Olmsted, Illinois: 
1 concretion — Olmsted, Illinois (gift). 

Chalmers, Mrs. William J., Chi- 
cago: 1 cabochon cut star sapphire 
mounted in white gold ring — Ceylon 

Chicago Historical Society, Chi- 
cago: 3 geological specimens — South 
Dakota and England (gift). 

Cole, E. M., Audubon, Iowa: 1 
specimen Annularia — near Audubon, 
Iowa (gift). 

Conrow, J. Atkinson, Baltimore, 
Maryland: 12 specimens fossil shells 
and marls— Fossil Cliffs, Maryland 

Darragh, Mr. and Mrs. Alex- 
ander L. H., Chicago: 1 chert con- 
cretion— Ozark County, Missouri (gift). 

Deardorff, Miss Hazel, Silt, Colo- 
rado: 3 vertebrate fossils — Colorado 

Edgerly, Hatton, De Beque, Colo- 
rado: 3 vertebrate fossils — Colorado 

Ehrmann, Martin L., New York: 
6 specimens minerals — various local- 
ities (exchange). 

Faber, Edwin B., Grand Junction, 
Colorado: 2 vertebrate fossils — Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Collected by Dr. Henry Field (Field 
Museum-Oxford University Joint Ex- 
pedition to Mesopotamia) : 1 specimen 
loess — Kish, Iraq. 

Collected by Dr. Henry Field (Field 
Museum Archaeological Expedition to 
Western Europe): 1 specimen cave 
earth — Dordogne, France. 

Collected by C. L. Owen (Field 
Museum Expedition of 1911): 2 speci- 
mens alunogen — Arizona. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James H. Quinn (Field Museum Paleon- 
tological Expedition to Colorado, 1937): 
97 specimens fossil leaves and gastro- 
pods, 237 vertebrate fossils — Colorado. 

Collected by Sharat K. Roy (Field 
Museum Geological Expedition to Colo- 
rado, 1937): 82 geological specimens, 
22 minerals — Colorado. 

Collected by Emil Sella: 1 specimen 
quartzite — Lookout Mountain, Ne- 

Collected by Alfred C. Weed (Field 
Museum Expedition to Maine): 4 speci- 
mens talc, 1 specimen serpentine — 
Loomis Talc Quarry, New York; 1 
specimen sandstone changing to schist 
— Lamoine, Maine. 

Purchase: 1 specimen hyalite — Spruce 
Pine, North Carolina. 

Flesch, Walter J., Chicago: 1 
specimen astrophyllite in quartz — 
locality unknown (gift). 

Galbreath, Edwin C, Ashmore, 
Illinois: tibia and fibula of Castoroides, 
dorsal vertebra of Ovibovinae — near 
Ashmore, Illinois (gift). 

Gerritson, James Anthony, Kan- 
kakee, Illinois: 2 specimens cephalopods 
— near Kremmlin, Colorado (gift). 

Gruhlke, Ray C, Olympia, Wash- 
ington: 1 specimen fossiliferous lime- 
stone — Oakville, Washington; 1 fossil 
gastropod — near Olympia, Washington 

Gunnell, E. Mitchell, Galesburg, 
Illinois: 11 specimens minerals — various 
localities (exchange). 

Harris, G. Bradley and William 
B. Hilton, Rifle, Colorado: 5 verte- 
brate fossils and lot of fossil leaves — 
Colorado (gift). 

Harris, Julia, Palisade, Colorado: 
1 fossil leaf — Plateau Canyon, Colorado 

Harvard University, Botanical 
Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
3 specimens fossil plants — various local- 
ities (exchange). 

Helwig, A. C, Keokuk, Iowa: 1 
fossil coral — Keokuk, Iowa (gift). 

Hilton, Oliver, Rifle, Colorado: 1 
specimen Coryphodon — Colorado (gift). 

Industrial and Agricultural Mu- 
seum, Warsaw, Poland: 23 specimens 
economic minerals — Poland; 1 specimen 
aerolite — Pultusk, Poland (gift). 

Ito, Tokumatsu, Chicago: 20 speci- 
mens — Fushun coal mines, Manchukuo 

Jennings, J. W., Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas: 1 specimen calcite con- 
cretions in Mexican onyx, 1 specimen 
Mexican onyx, 1 specimen sandstone, 
1 specimen laterite, 2 specimens whet- 
stones — Eureka Springs, Arkansas 

260 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Kaempfer, Myron A., Denver, Colo- 
rado: 1 lower molar Phenacodus — 
Colorado (gift). 

Levin and Rubin, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men barite — near Birmingham, Ala- 
bama (gift). 

Lofquist, K. E., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men fossil frond, 1 fossil crustacean — 
Coal City, Illinois (gift). 

Look, Alfred A., Grand Junction, 
Colorado: 2 specimens Titanoidesi?.) 
— near De Beque, Colorado; 1 fossil 
Titanoides skull — Colorado (gift). 

Matthews, W. E., West Terre 
Haute, Indiana: 1 septarium — Terre 
Haute, Indiana (gift). 

Mazur, Anthony, Chicago: 9 speci- 
mens invertebrate fossils, 4 specimens 
cave incrustations, 1 specimen stylo- 
lites, 1 specimen quartz porphyry, 
5 picture post cards — near Krakow, 
Poland (gift). 

McCaw, F. W., Manila, Philippine 
Islands: 3 specimens rizalite — Philip- 
pine Islands (gift). 

McGrew, Paul O., Chicago: lower 
jaws of Mesohippus bairdii — Lower 
Brule Beds, Nebraska (gift). 

Mooney, Homer, Carson City, 
Nevada: 2 fragments of teeth of Arka- 
diskon sp. — Nevada (gift). 

Morrison, Morris G., Evanston, 
Illinois: 1 specimen halite, 1 specimen 
halite stalactite — Jeban Usdum, Pales- 
tine (gift). 

Mumbrue, Dan P., Helena, Mon- 
tana: 18 specimens concretions and 
concretionary coloring — Montana 

Nininger, Professor H. H., Denver, 
Colorado: 1 stone meteorite — Lake 
Labyrinth, South Australia (gift); 14 
specimens meteorites — various localities 

Ogden, Dr. Burt, Phoenix, Arizona: 
2 specimens lazulite — California (gift). 

Orr, Gail, Winterset, Iowa: 6 verte- 
brate fossils — Colorado (gift). 

Princeton University, Princeton, 
New Jersey: 24 specimens Cambrian 
trilobites — Fruitville, Pennsylvania (ex- 

Pruitt, S. W., Niles, Michigan: 1 
specimen copper ore — Clay County, 
North Carolina (gift). 

Quinn, James H., Chicago: 5 verte- 
brate fossils — near Ainsworth, Ne- 
braska (gift). 

Rassweiler, August, Chicago: 1 
cabochon cut green aventurine — Ma- 
dras, India (gift). 

Reagan, Frank P., Chicago: 21 
specimens copper ore — Pennsylvania 
and Utah; 1 fossil leaf — Pennsylvania 

Rembold, Elmer L., Chicago: 1 
geode — near Lexington, Kentucky 

Roberts, L. B., Batesville, Arkansas: 
5 specimens fossil wood — Shreveport, 
Louisiana (gift). 

Rumely, William N., Estate of, 
Chicago: 1 iron meteorite — La Porte, 
Indiana (gift). 

Schiefer, H. V., Cleveland Heights, 
Ohio: 9 cabochon cut chalcedony speci- 
mens — Flint Ridge, Ohio (gift). 

Setterle, A. F., Cicero, Illinois: 1 
septarium — near San Antonio, Texas 

Simmons, Miss Marguerite, Chi- 
cago: 106 mineral specimens, 35 mineral 
chips — various localities (gift). 

Sovey, Robert R., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men stigmaria — Illinois (gift). 

Standard Oil Company (Indiana), 
Chicago: 15 specimens petroleum prod- 
ucts, 1 specimen candle (gift). 

Sternberg, George F., Hays, Kan- 
sas: 4 vertebrate fossils, 2 fossil shells 
— Wyoming (exchange). 

Stewart, R. H., Ironton, Ohio: 1 
specimen Lepidodendron— Montgom- 
ery, West Virginia (gift). 

Tokuno, Haruyoshi, New York: 1 
hand-carved Daruma Buddha of jet — 
Fushun mines, Manchukuo (gift). 

Von Drasek, Frank, Cicero, Illinois: 
42 specimens minerals and ores — vari- 
ous localities (gift). 

Von Rappaport, Jerome, Chicago: 
248 opals — Australia (gift). 

Vonsen, M., Petaluma, California: 
2 specimens bakerite — Corkscrew Can- 
yon, California (gift). 

Weymarn, Michael A., Harbin, 
Manchukuo: 19 specimens vertebrate 
fossils — Manchukuo (gift). 



Wharton, G. W., Roseburg, Oregon: 
1 fossil plant in shale — Buck Mountain, 
Oregon (gift). 

Wharton, J. R., Roseburg, Oregon: 
1 specimen bird's-eye quartz, 1 speci- 
men orbicular quartz — Oregon (gift). 

Woodson, Miss Nancy, Wausau, 
Wisconsin: 1 specimen limestone — 
Switzerland (gift). 

Young, Mrs. Dorothy, South 
Haven, Michigan: 4 specimens limonite 
geodes — South Haven, Michigan (gift). 

Zerk, Oscar U., Chicago: 1 specimen 
scenery agate — Glendive, Montana 
(gift); 17 specimens scenery agate — 
various localities (exchange). 


Ackerman, C. N., Chicago: 1 bryo- 
zoan — Grass Lake, Illinois (gift). 

Allen, E. Ross, Silver Springs, 
Florida: 2 bullfrogs — Silver Springs, 
Florida; 1 jumping viper — Honduras; 
3 tadpoles, 1 tree frog, 7 lizards, 1 
snake — various localities (gift). 

Allen, Robert J., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: 3 bats — Cook County, Illinois 

Andrews, E. Wyllys, Chicago: 7 
mammals, 55 frogs, 85 lizards, 34 
snakes, 6 turtles — Yucatan (gift). 

Anonymous: 1 mounted humming- 
bird — Peru (gift). 

Backhus, Charles H., Bellwood, 
Illinois: 1 spider with young — Bell- 
wood, Illinois (gift). 

Barber, C. M., Hot Springs, Arkan- 
sas: 31 salamanders, 1 toad, 3 lizards, 
8 box turtles — Arkansas (gift). 

Barnes, Dr. Ventura, Maracay, 
Venezuela: 1 frog — Turmero, Venezuela 
(gift); 21 fishes — Turmero, Venezuela 

Barr, Lyman, Chicago: 1 tarantula 
— Arkansas (gift). 

Bass Biological Laboratory, 
Englewood, Florida: 83 eels — Florida 

Bauer, Margaret J., Chicago: 1 
snapping turtle — Kankakee River, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Baumann, Dr. Cyril von, New 
York: 4 bat skins with skulls, 75 insects 
— Ecuador (gift). 

Becker, Robert H., Lake Bluff, 
Illinois: 1 fish — Lake Forest, Illinois; 
1 lake trout — Ontario, Canada (gift). 

Beecher, William J., Chicago: 1 
red bat, 1 snake — Fox Lake, Illinois 

Booth Fisheries Corporation, 
Boston, Massachusetts: 7 rosefish — 
Xew England coast (gift). 

Borell, Dr. A. E., Santa Fe, New 
Mexico: 1 Bassariscus skeleton, 7 
lizards, 5 snakes — Brewster County, 

Texas (gift). 

Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd, Chicago: 

1 bird — Chicago (gift). 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London, England: 63 small 
mammal skins and skulls — South Amer- 
ica; 17 lizards — British Somaliland 

Bromund, Fred, Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 1 milk snake — Burt's Lake, 
Michigan (gift). 

Brundage, Edward J., Washington, 
Connecticut: 447 insects, 8 crustaceans 
— various localities (gift). 

Bujak, B. J., Lansing, Michigan: 1 
otter and 6 beaver skeletons — Michigan 

Burt, Dr. Charles E., Winfield, 
Kansas: 35 bats in alcohol, 150 sala- 
manders, 429 tadpoles, 284 frogs and 
toads, 71 lizards, 81 snakes, 16 turtles 
— various localities (exchange). 

Cagle, Fred, Carbondale, Illinois: 
5 frogs — Murphysboro, Illinois (ex- 

Campbell, Wallace, Chicago: 5 
snakes — Lambert, Illinois. 

Camras, Sidney, Chicago: 1 bald 
eagle skeleton — Cass County, Illinois 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 15 mammals, 36 birds 
— Central and South America; 5 lizards, 

2 snakes — Cameroon, Africa (exchange). 

Cascard, Ben, Chicago: 3 birds — 
Gary, Indiana (gift). 

Castang, R., Chicago: 1 chimpanzee 
skeleton (gift). 

Chancellor, Philip M., Hollywood, 
California: 3 natural color bird photo- 
graphs (gift). 

262 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Chicago Zoological Society, Brook- 
field, Illinois: 32 mammals, 149 birds, 
8 lizards, 27 snakes, 1 turtle — various 
localities (gift). 

Childs, Mrs. George W., Highland 
Park, Illinois: 1 butterfly — Ceylon 

Chute, Walter H., Chicago: 10 
lizards — Bahama Islands (gift). 

Clark, Paul, Homewood, Illinois: 1 
broad-winged hawk — Homewood, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Clawson, Dr. M. Don, Beirut, Syria: 

1 spur-winged plover (gift). 

Colorado Museum of Natural 
History, Denver, Colorado: 6 pika skins 
and 4 skulls — Colorado (gift). 

Conant, Roger, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania: 12 water snakes — Lake Erie 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 5 bird 
skins, 34 tinamou eggs — various locali- 
ties (gift). 

Craig, Captain John D., Chicago: 

2 clips of motion picture film of whale 
shark (gift). 

Cross, Dr. J. C, Kingsville, Texas: 
1 indigo snake — Kingsville, Texas 

Cumming, Alastair Gordon, Blairs 
House, Altyre, Forres, Scotland: 1 pere- 
grine falcon skin, 16 red grouse skins —  
Scotland (gift). 

Curtis, Miss Elizabeth L., Seattle, 
Washington: 5 bird skeletons — Wash- 
ington (gift). 

Davis, C. E., Homewood, Illinois: 2 
snakes — Lemont, Illinois (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 1 salamander, 8 snakes — Illinois 

Demaray, Dr. A. E., Washington, 
D.C.: 13 lizards, 14 snakes — Brewster 
County, Texas (gift). 

Demel, Dr. Kazimierz, Hel, Poland: 
21 crustaceans — Baltic Sea, Poland 

Deroniyagala, P. E. P., Colombo, 
Ceylon: 9 snakes— Ceylon (gift). 

Dluhy, Eugene, Chicago: 1 beetle 
— Tennessee (gift). 

Dubisch, Roy, Chicago: 1 blue racer 
— Illinois (gift). 

Dubois, Ernest, Chicago: 1 frog — 

Illinois (gift). 

Dybas, Henry, Chicago: 1 Fowler's 
toad, 80 insects — various localities 

Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago: 
1 five-lined skink, 6 scorpions, spiders 
and millipedes — various localities (gift). 

Erker, John, Chicago: 1 lynx skull 
— California (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Chicago: 14 mam- 
mals, 24 mammal skulls, 148 fishes, 
1,587 insects, 163 scorpions and allies — 
Iraq; 11 mammals, 76 salamanders and 
larvae, 77 frogs and tadpoles, 5 snakes, 
160 fishes — England; 6 marine fishes, 

1 marine worm — Scotland (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 

Collected by C. J. Albrecht (Field 
Museum Expedition to Pribilof Is- 
lands): 41 fur seals, 38 bird skins — 
Pribilof Islands. 

Collected by E. R. Blake (Field Mu- 
seum Expedition to British Guiana): 
314 mammals, 746 bird skins, 28 birds 
in alcohol, 54 bird skeletons, 16 bird 
eggs, 131 frogs and toads, 105 lizards, 
41 snakes, 6 turtles, 19 caimans, 668 
fishes, 30 crustaceans — British Guiana. 

Collected by Rudyerd and Laura 
Boulton (Straus West African Expe- 
dition): 931 insects — Nigeria, Africa. 

Collected by A. Mazur: 1 wild boar 
skin and skull, 1 chamois skin and 
skeleton — Poland. 

Collected by W. H. Osgood (Field 
Museum Expedition to Indo-China): 
258 mammal skins and skulls, 25 mam- 
mal skins and skeletons, 62 mammals 
in alcohol, 49 bird skins, 1 set birds' 
eggs, 1 lot of bird group accessories, 18 
frogs and toads, 52 lizards, 18 snakes, 
50 fishes — French Indo-China. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James J. Quinn (Field Museum Paleon- 
tological Expedition to Colorado, 1937): 
19 mammal skeletons, 3 mammal skulls, 

2 bats in alcohol, 36 bird skeletons, 2 
lizards, 6 snakes, 1 frog skeleton, 1 
lizard skeleton, 647 insects — Nebraska 
and Colorado. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt, Leon 
L. Walters, and A. E. Borell (Field 
Museum Expedition to the Southwest) : 
14 bats in alcohol, 3 rodent skeletons, 
2 hawk skins, 4 salamanders, 70 frogs 
and toads, 147 lizards, 45 snakes, 4 
turtles, 17 molds, 8 boxes of accessory 
material, 6 fishes, 182 insects and 
allies, 1 crustacean — various localities. 



Collected by Karl P. Schmidt and 
D. Dwight Davis (Field Museum Expe- 
dition to Texas): 58 mammal skins and 
skulls, 4 mammal skins and skeletons, 
15 mammal skulls and skeletons, 14 
bats in alcohol, 9 bird skeletons, 89 
frogs, 89 lizards, 16 snakes, 1 turtle, 152 
fishes, 149 insects and allies, 1 snail — 

Collected by Alfred C. Weed and 
Leon L. Pray (Field Museum Expe- 
dition to Maine): 319 fishes, 200 
lower invertebrates — Frenchman's Bay, 

Transferred from Department of 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension: 
4 bird skins — Chicago region (exchange). 

Purchases: 1 dwarf squirrel skin and 
skeleton, 1 red forest hog skin and skull 
— C ameroon , Africa ; 1 9 1 bird skins — An- 
gola, Africa (Emily Crane Chadbourne 
Fund); 1 lizard, 7 snakes — Colombia; 4 
mammal skins and skulls, 1 mounted por- 
cupine, 1 tapir skull, 8 vampire bats, 266 
bird skins, 200 frogs, 28 snakes, 47 lizards 
— Ecuador; 1 mud snake, 7 terrapins — 
Florida; 2 snakes — San Pedro, Hon- 
duras; 1 Himalayan wild dog — India; 
25 small mammals — Japan and Philip- 
pine Islands; 18 mammal skins and 
skulls — Manchukuo; 1 red wolf skin 
and skull — Paraguay; 9 mammal skins 
and skulls, 5 mammal skins and skele- 
tons, 49 bird skins, 10 frogs, 3 lizards, 
2 snakes — Tanganyika Territory; 484 
skins of birds of prey, 25 other bird 
skins — various localities (Leslie Wheeler 
Fund); 5 tiger salamanders, 82 lizards, 
19 snakes — various localities; 2 bird 
skins — Venezuela; 49 bats in alcohol — 
West Indies. 

Fraley, Morrill, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 1 spider — Naperville, Illinois (gift). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 4 
bird skeletons (gift). 

Friesser, Julius, Chicago: 1 grizzly 
bear skull — British Columbia (gift). 

Fulmer, Mrs. P. F., Aurora, Illinois: 
1 flying squirrel — Illinois (gift). 

Galbreath, Edwin C, Ashmore, 
Qlinois: 1 pocket gopher skeleton, 4 
ence lizards — San Diego, California 

Gayle, Mrs. R. G., Rockford, 
llinois: 1 spider — Rockford, Illinois 

^ General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 2 conger eels — Florida; 1 
)eetle — Louisiana (gift). 

Glatz, Edward, Chicago: 1 camel 
cricket — Chicago (gift). 

Grant, Gordon, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia: 9 tree frogs, 389 insects — Los 
Angeles, California (gift). 

Gregg, Clifford C, Chicago: 31 
insects — western United States (gift). 

Guernsey, Guy, South Haven, 
Michigan: 1 golden-crowned kinglet — 
Michigan (gift). 

Haas, Dr. George, Jerusalem, Pales- 
tine: 5 lizards, 5 snakes — Palestine 
(gift); 2 chameleons — Jerusalem, Pal- 
estine (exchange). 


Halls, J. C. and A. L. Hopkins, 
Chicago: 3 bear skulls — Alaska (gift). 

Harrison, William, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 red-tailed hawk — Highland 
Park, Illinois (gift). 

Hartelius, Bertil, Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 335 insects — Arkansas and Texas 

Hayes, Dr. Harold A., Hubbard 
Woods, Illinois: 1 flying squirrel — 
Hubbard Woods, Illinois (gift). 

Hershaw, George, Elgin, Illinois: 
1 American bittern — Elgin, Illinois 

Higginbotham, A. C, Evanston, 
Illinois: 8 snakes — Evanston, Illinois 

Jennings, John F., Chicago: 9 mam- 
mal skulls — Matto Grosso, Brazil (gift). 

Jones, Mrs. G., Lake Forest, Illinois: 
1 ovenbird — Lake Forest, Illinois (gift). 

Kaempfer, Karl, Bridgeport, Ne- 
braska: 5 snakes, 1 turtle — Bridgeport, 
Nebraska; 72 insects — Garfield County, 
Colorado (gift). 

King, J. Andrews, Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 10 bird skins — Chile (gift). 

Krause, Miss Adeline Rose, Chi- 
cago: 1 hornless cow skull (gift). 

Kuroda, Dr. Nagamichi, Akasaka, 
Tokyo, Japan: 15 bat skins with skulls 
— Japan, Korea, and Formosa (ex- 

Laybourne, Edgar G., Homewood, 
Illinois: 1 green snake — Thornton, 
Indiana (gift). 

Lerner, Michael, New York: 1 
blue marlin of record size — Bahama Is- 
lands (gift). 

264 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Letl, Frank, Chicago: 1 mocking- 
bird skin — Sublette, Illinois (gift). 

Lincoln Avenue School, Highland 
Park, Illinois: 5 birds — Highland Park, 
Illinois (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 1 
chimpanzee, 1 mandrill, 2 toads and 
frogs, 12 lizards, 27 snakes, 1 turtle — 
various localities (gift). 

Lindahl, J. C, Hot Springs, Arkan- 
sas: 1 salamander — Hot Springs, Arkan- 
sas (gift). 

Linkelman, Mrs. Mary, Chicago: 
1 spider — Chicago (gift). 

Mandel, Leon, Chicago: 18 bird 
skins, 17 bird skeletons, 11 birds in 
alcohol, 1 tree frog, 1 iguana, 7 fishes, 
195 invertebrates — West Indies (gift). 

Maria, Brother Niceforo, Bogota, 
Colombia: 7 snakes, 1 caiman — Colom- 
bia (gift). 

Martin, Dr. Paul S., Chicago: 1 pair 
mule deer horns — Colorado (gift). 

McClure, H. Elliott, Peru, Illi- 
nois: 6 northern wood-frogs — Manitoba, 
Canada (exchange). 

McNeil, Henry F., Chicago: 1 red 
bat — Chicago (gift). 

Miller, Frank, Delavan, Wiscon- 
sin: 1 gray fox skeleton — Delavan, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Mooney, James J., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 weasel, 1 snake — Lake 
County, Illinois (gift |. 

Moyer, John W., Chicago: 1 arctic 
horned owl — Minnesota (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 23 luits, 13 
frogs — various localities (exchange). 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, 
Switzerland: 2 salamanders, 18 frogs, 
13 lizards, 1 snake — various localities 

Norris, Professor H. W., Grinnell, 
Iowa: 1 frilled shark (gift). 

O'Byrne, Ernest, Greeley, Colo- 
rado: 1 garter snake — Colorado (gift I. 

Park, Andrew R., Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 10 parasitic wasps — various local- 
ities (gift). 

Park, Dr. Orlando, Evanston, 
Illinois: 1 beetle — Palos Park, Illinois 

Pearson, Dr. J. F. W., Coral Gables, 
Florida: 22 bats in alcohol — Bahama 
Islands (gift). 

Pflueger, Al, Miami, Florida: 11 
birds — Bahama Islands (gift). 

Philippi, R. A., Santiago, Chile: 5 
bird skins — Chile (exchange). 

Plath, Karl, Chicago: 1 king rail — 
Fox Lake, Illinois (gift). 

Polish American Chamber of Com- 
merce, Warsaw, Poland: 5 white stork 
skins, 1 white stork nest and accesso- 
ries, 8 magpies — Poland; 1 crane skin 

Pray, Leon L., Homewood, Illinois: 
1 moth — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

Richter, Lewis E., Shumway, Illi- 
nois: 1 pseudoscorpion — Shumway, 

Illinois (gift \, 

Rosenberg, W. F. II., Edgware, 
Middlesex, England: 25 bird skins — 
various localities (exchange). 

Ki eckert, Arthur G., Chicago: 1 
pileated woodpecker, 2 bird skeletons, 
1 water moccasin — Florida (gift). 

Ryckman, Mrs. Laura H., Kirk- 
land, Washington: 1 skeleton of moun- 
tain beaver — Kirkland, Washington 

Swborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 snake — Highland Park, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Schmidt, John M., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 1 short-tailed shrew, 2 water 
snakes — Illinois (gift). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 54 small mammal skins with 53 
skulls — various localities; 2 bird skulls 
—New Guinea: 2 cicadas — Homewood, 
Illinois (gift . 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
364 fishes — various localities (gift). 

Sherwood Petroleum Company, 
Brooklyn, Now York: 8 roaches — 
Brooklyn, New York (gift). 

SlVER, MRS. C, Chicago: 1 bird- 
Chicago (gift). 

Slater, J. R., Tacoma, Washington: 
7 salamanders, fi frogs — Oregon and 
Washington (gift). 

Smith, Rev. Father Cecil A., 
Latrobe, Pennsylvania: 28 salamanders, 
4 frogs, 8 snakes, 1 turtle— Pennsyl- 
vania (exchange). 



Smith, Mrs. Hermon Dunlop, Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 1 rough-legged hawk — 
Phoenix, Arizona; 1 barn-owl skin — 
Lake Forest, Illinois; 1 massasauga 
— Lake County, Illinois (gift). 

Smith, Tarleton, Waco, Texas: 3 
fishes — Brewster County, Texas (gift). 

Snyder, Dr. L. EL, Seoul, Korea: 6 
bat skins — -Korea; 131 butterflies — 
Quelpart Island (exchange). 

Sody, Dr. H. J. V., Buitenzorg, Java: 
109 mammal skins with skulls — Dutch 
East Indies (exchange). 

Stacja Morska (Marine Station), 
Hel, Poland: 240 fishes— Hel, Poland 

Stewart, Spencer W. and Robert 
J. Sykes, New York: 21 photographs of 
whale shark (gift); 1 young whale shark 
skin — Acapulco, Mexico (gift). 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Chicago : 
1 grasshopper — Callaway County, Mis- 
souri (gift). 

Sweet, Sydney, Bridgeport, Ne- 
braska: 1 beaver skull — Bridgeport, 
Nebraska (gift). 

Tallant, W. M., Manatee, Florida: 

1 duck skin — Florida (gift). 

Tanner, Dr. Vasco M., Provo, 
Utah: 1 gila monster — St. George, 
Utah (exchange). 

Taylor, Dr. Edward H., Lawrence, 
Kansas: 17 salamanders, 12 frogs- 
Mexico (exchange). 

Texas College of Arts and In- 
dustries, Kingsville, Texas: 115 sala- 
manders, 205 frogs and toads, 288 
lizards, 32 snakes — southern Texas 

Timm, Arthur H. W., Chicago: 1 
tree frog (gift). 

Tobias, Edward C, Chicago: 11 
snakes — Chicago (gift). 

Tokuda, Dr. Mitosi, Kyoto, Japan: 

2 bats in alcohol — Formosa: 6 bats in 
alcohol — Marshall and Caroline Islands 

Traylor, Melvin, Chicago: 88 bird 
skins, 1 bird skeleton — Yucatan (gift). 

Underwood, C. F., Tegucigalpa, 
Honduras: 81 bird skins — various lo- 
calities (exchange). 

United States Bureau of Ento- 
mology, Washington, D.C.: 2 beetles- 
Alabama (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 2 shrews and squir- 
rel skins and skulls — Asia (exchange). 

United States National Park Ser- 
vice, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: 36 
frogs, 109 lizards, 34 snakes, 5 turtles — 
Brewster County, Texas (gift). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 1 
head and photograph of ragfish — Queen 
Charlotte Island (gift . 

University of Michigan, Museum 
of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 1 
white-tailed deer, 26 frogs, 1 snake — 
various localities (exchange). 

Vincent, Mrs. Edward E., Chicago: 
6 mammal tusks, 1 seal bone (gift). 

Von der Heydt, James A., Oak 
Park, Illinois: 1 hoary bat — Oak Park, 
Illinois (gift . 

Walton, Mrs. E., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 2 birds — Highland Park, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, Chicago: 353 
fishes, 6 crayfish — Wayne County, New 
Y'>rk; 3 beetles — Chicago (gift). 

Weeks, Herbert E., Chicago: 1 
tick — Chicago (gift . 

Wencel, Dr. Sholar, Peru, Illinois: 
1 chamois skin — Yugoslavia (gift). 

Wheeler, Leslie, Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 191 birds of prey — various 
localities (gift . 

Williams, Constance, Chicago: 1 
Siamese cat (gift). 

Wolcott, Albert B., Downers Grove, 
Illinois: 18 insects — various localities 

Wolfe, Captain L. R., Chicago: 1 
yellow rail — Chicago; 1 loon skeleton — 
Ontario, Canada (gift). 

Zoological Society of London, 
London, England: 5 hedgehogs in 
formalin — England (gift). 


Albrecht, C. J., Chicago: 
16-mm. film (purchase). 

2-reel Burton Holmes Films, Inc., Chica- 
go: 1 reel 16-mm. sound film (purchase). 

266 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Chancellor, Philip M., Hollywood, 

California: 3 natural color photographs 


Field Museum of Natural History : 

From Division of Photography: 521 

lantern slides (miscellaneous subjects). 

Mitchell, Clarence B., Chicago: 
1 portable stereopticon projector and 
1 portable silver screen (gift). 


Field Museum of Natural History : 

Made by Division of Photography: 
9,535 prints, 1,760 negatives, 561 
lantern slides, 215 enlargements, 56 
transparencies, and 48 transparent 

Developed for expeditions: 102 nega- 

Made by Paul S. Martin: 153 nega- 
tives of landscapes and ruins of build- 
ings, southwestern Colorado. 

Made by James H. Quinn and Bryan 

Patterson: 36 negatives of landscapes 
in western Colorado. 

Made by Elmer S. Riggs: 13 negatives 
of landscapes and camp scenes in 

Made by Llewelyn Williams: 500 
negatives of landscapes and general 
views in southern Mexico and on the 
Isthmus of Tehuantepec. 

Quinn, James H., Chicago: 17 
negatives of landscapes, western Colo- 
rado (gift). 


List of Donors of Books 


Alaska, University of, College, Alaska. 
American Chemical Industries, New 

Y r ork. 
American Chemical Society, New York. 
American Red Cross, Washington, D.C. 
American Trappers Association, Cedar 

City, Utah. 

Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, 

Canadian Historical Review, University 
of Toronto, Canada. 

Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Corpo- 
ration, New York. 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
Washington, D.C. 

Chemical Foundation, New York. 

Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Sol- 
omon's Island, Maryland. 

Chicago Jewelers Association, Chicago. 

Chicago Principals' Club, Chicago. 

China Institute in America, New York. 

Consolidated Air Conditioning Corpo- 
ration, New York. 

Dominican Republic Legation, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

East Michigan Tourist Association, 

Bay City, Michigan. 
Edison Institute Museum and Village, 

Dearborn, Michigan. 
Egyptian Agricultural Museum, Cairo, 


General Biological Supply House, 

Glycerine Producers' Association, New 

Gobierno de la Provincia de Buenos 

Aires, La Plata, Argentina. 

Hollandsche Molen, De, Amsterdam, 

Holyoke Museum of Natural History 

and Art, Holyoke, Massachusetts. 

Illinois Works Progress Administration, 

Institut des Pares Nationaux du Congo 

Beige, Brussels, Belgium. 
Institute of Oriental Ceramics, Tokyo, 

International Fisheries Commission, 

Seattle, Washington. 

Jesuit Fathers, Hongkong, China. 
Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois. 

Lilly, Eli, and Company, Indianapolis, 

Mahogany Association, Chicago. 
McCloud, W. B., and Company, 

Ministero delle Colonies, Rome, Italy. 
Minnesota Department of Education, 

Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Municipal Reference Library, Chicago. 
Museo Nacional, Lima, Peru. 



National Geographic Society, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Nature Notes, Peoria, Illinois. 

Nederlandsche Vereening tot Bescherm- 
ing van Vogels, Amsterdam. 

Office du Tourisme Universitaire, Paris, 

Polytechnic Institute Research Bureau, 

Brooklyn, New York. 
Portuguese Legation, Washington, D.C. 
Public Museums, Liverpool, England. 

School of African Studies, Cape Town, 

Union of South Africa. 
Science Digest, Chicago. 
Siamese Legation, Washington, D.C. 

Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, New 

Swift and Company, Chicago. 

Turk Tarih Kurumu, Ankara, Turkey. 

United Brewers Industrial Foundation, 
New York. 

Vanadium Corporation of America, 
New York. 

Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago. 

Washington (State) Chamber of Mines, 
Seattle, Washington. 

Wilderness Society, Washington, D.C. 

Works Progress Administration, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 


Adam, Dr. Leonhard, Berlin, Germany. 
Aldrich, J. Warren, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Aparico, Francisco de, Buenos Aires, 

Beaumont, Jacques de, Lausanne, 

Bergs0e, Paul, Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Borgstrom, L. H., Helsingfors, Finland. 

Bourret, Rene, Hanoi, French Indo- 

Bowler-Kelley, Alice, Philadelphia, 

Brandstetter, Dr. Renward, Lucerne, 

Brimley, H. H., Raleigh, North Caro- 

Bucher, Walter H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Bullock, Dillman S. 

Burkhart, Arturo, San Isidro, Buenos 
Aires, Argentina. 

Cailleux, Andre, Paris, France. 

Carpenter, C. R., San Diego, California. 

Cheynier, Dr. Andre, Terrasson, Dor- 
dogne, France. 

Chikashige, Masumi, Kyoto, Japan. 

Christensen, Carl, Copenhagen, Den- 

Church, Dr. Franklin H., Salem, New 

Coleman, A. P., Toronto, Canada. 

Conover, H. Boardman, Chicago. 

Core, Earl Lemley, Morgantown, West 

Cornell, Margaret M., Chicago. 

Correll, Donovan S., Durham, North 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago. 
Darrow, Bertha Schweitzer, Tucson, 

Davis, D. Dwight, Chicago. 

Ellsworth, Lincoln, New York. 
Emerson, Dr. Alfred E., Chicago. 
Ewan, J., Chicago. 

Field, Dr. Henry, Chicago. 

Field, Stanley, Chicago. 

Fischer, Emil S., Tientsin, China. 

Fosberg, F. Raymond, Honolulu, Ha- 

Francis, W. D., Brisbane, Australia. 

Furlong, Eustace L., Pasadena, Cali- 

Gaskin, L. J. P., London, England. 
Gates, William, Baltimore, Maryland. 
Gerhard, W. J., Chicago. 
Goodwin, Astley J. H., Cape Town, 

Union of South Africa. 
Grandi, Guido, Bologna, Italy. 

Grandjot, Gertrud and Dr. Karl, 
Santiago, Chile. 

Grassl, Carl O., Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Gregg, Clifford C, Chicago. 

Haase, Leo G., Hollywood, California. 

Hasbrouck, Colonel Alfred, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Hermanson, Helen M., Chicago. 
Hodge, Gene Meany, Pasadena, Cali- 

Hoehne, F. C, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

Howell, Dr. Benjamin F., Princeton, 
New Jersey. 

268 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Humphreys-Davies, Captain G., Auck- 
land, New Zealand. 
Husain, M. Afzal, Delhi, India. 

Jaarsma, S., Soerabaja, Java. 

Jones, G. Neville, Seattle, Washington. 

Jones, Dr. Howard, Circleville, Ohio. 

Kelly, Howard A., Baltimore, Mary- 

Kinsey, Alfred C, Bloomington, Indi- 

Kluge, Dr. Theodor, Berlin, Germany. 

Kostermans, A. J. G. H., Utrecht, 

Kostrzewski, Dr. Josef, Poznan, Poland. 

Lam, Dr. H. J., Leiden, Netherlands. 
Langlois, T. H., Columbus, Ohio. 
Lehman, Jean-Pierre, Paris, France. 
Lewis, Dr. Albert B., Chicago. 
Lindblom, Gerhard, Stockholm, Swe- 
Lines, Jorge A., San Jose, Costa Rica. 
Loukaskin, A. S., Harbin, Manchukuo. 

MacDonagh, Emiliano J., Buenos Aires, 

McNair, James B., Los Angeles, Cali- 

Marelli, Carlos A., La Plata, Argentina. 

Marquina, Ignacio, Mexico City, Mex- 

Marshall, Robert, Washington, D.C. 

Maycock, R. W., San Juan, Porto Rico. 

Mazur, Anthony, Chicago. 

Mertens, Robert, Frankfort, Germany. 

Moore, Robert T., Pasadena, Cali- 

Murray-Aaron, Dr. Eugene, Chicago. 

Nicholson, Donald J., Orlando, Florida. 
Nininger, H. H., Denver, Colorado. 

O'Connor, P., Dublin, Ireland. 
Okada, Yaichiro, Tokyo, Japan. 
Olbrechts, Dr. F. M., Ghent, Belgium. 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago. 

Penfound, William T., New Orleans, 

Pope, Clifford H., New York. 
Poulter, Dr. Thomas C, Chicago. 

Ramos, Cesar Lizardi, Mexico City, 

Rehder, Alfred, Jamaica Plain, Massa- 

Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago. 

Roy, Sharat K., Chicago. 

Sabrosky, Curtis W., East Lansing, 

Sampaio, A. J., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 

Sanborn, Colin C, Chicago. 

Sanderson, Ivan T., New York. 

Schapera, I., Cape Town, Union of 
South Africa. 

Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago. 

Scholes, France V., Cambridge, Massa- 

Schoute, J. C, Amsterdam, Nether- 

Schweinfurth, C, Cambridge, Massa- 

Seevers, Dr. Charles S., Chicago. 

Sellards, Dr. E. H., Austin, Texas. 

Sherff, Dr. E. E., Chicago. 

Shrock, Robert R., Madison, Wisconsin. 

Shue, George L., Butte, Montana. 

Silveira, Alvaro A. da, Bello Horizonte, 

Simms, Stephen C, Chicago. 

Smith, Benjamin K., Chicago. 

Smith, Mrs. George T., Estate of, 

Snyder, L. H., Songdo, Korea. 

Snyder, Lester L., Toronto, Canada. 

Stahl, Gustav, Berlin, Germany. 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Steam, William T., London, England. 

Stillwell, Jerry E., Dallas, Texas. 

Strong, Dr. R. M., Chicago. 

Sushko, Dr. Alexander, Chicago. 

Taylor, Walter P., Washington, D.C. 

Tello, Julio C, Lima, Peru. 

Thomas, Mrs. Michael J., Evanston, 

Thompson, J. Eric, Cambridge, Massa- 

Thomsen, Th., Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Tucker, Ethelyn M., Jamaica Plain, 

Vignati, Milciades Alejo, La Plata, 

Ward, Father J. S. M., New Barnet, 
Herts, England. 

Wernet, Paul, Strasbourg, Germany. 

Wilbur, C. Martin, Chicago. 

Wilbur, Ray Lyman, Stanford Univer- 
sity, California. 

Witte, Gaston F., Brussels, Belgium. 

Wolcott, A. B., Chicago. 

Zerbey, Dorothea, Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 




William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 
To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 


[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 
Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 


270 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ] 

>• ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905. in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 





Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render important 
service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees at any 
of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all courtesies 
of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy 
all courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote 
of the Board, become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members 
of family, including non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum, 
if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and entertainments under the auspices 


272 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in advance; and admission of 
holder of membership and accompanying party to all special exhibits and Museum 
functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty miles or more from the city 
of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) at any 
one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become a Non-Resident 
Associate Member. Non-Resident Associate Members shall be exempt from all 
dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are 
accorded to Associate Members. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the Member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such 
other Museum documents or publications as may be requested in writing. When 
a Sustaining Member has paid the annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such Mem- 
ber shall be entitled to become an Associate Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every Museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of cooperative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the Museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the cooperative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 



Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of 
change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in 
such capacity shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority 
of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. 
Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 

Amended By-Laws 273 

whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. _ The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



_ Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo- 
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund. 
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director 
and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director, 
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the 
absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice- 
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology; each under the charge of a Chief 

274 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of five members, the 
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the 
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four 
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and 
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali- 
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate 
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are 
named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be Chair- 
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice- 
Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of the 
absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 
to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 

Amended By-Laws 275 

each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the 
Board, the expenditures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Commit- 
tee, the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted 
at the ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual 
Meeting in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting of the 
Board of Trustees by a two-thirds vote of all the members present, provided 
the amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 


Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Chalmers, William J. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

McCormick, Stanley 

Roosevelt, Kermit 

Deceased, 1937 
Rawson, Frederick H. 

Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Armour, Allison V. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Insull, Samuel 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Probst, Edward 

Deceased, 1937 

Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wegeforth, Dr. Harry M. 
White, Harold A. 

Langdon, Professor Stephen 

Rawson, Frederick H. 


Corresponding Members — Contributors 



Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Breuil, Abbe Henri 
Christensen, Dr. Carl 

Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. Keith, Professor Sir 
Georges Arthur 

Deceased, 1937 
Langdon, Professor Stephen Smith, Professor Sir Grafton Elliot 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 

Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, P. D.* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 
* Deceased 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 

McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W. 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strong, Walter A. * 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 

Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. M. 

Mandel, Leon 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

$1,000 to $5,000 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Blaschke, Stanley 

Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 

Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 
Crocker, Templeton 

278 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F. 

Doering, O. C. 
Field, Dr. Henry- 
Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J. * 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, S. L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 
Look, Alfred A. 

Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 

Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F. 
Raymond, Charles E.* 

Reynolds, Earle H. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schwab, Martin C. 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Thompson, E. H. 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 


Armour, Allison V. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J. 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Langdon, Professor 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

McCulloch, Charles A. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1937 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Simms, Stephen C. 

Probst, Edward - 

Richardson, George A. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Fred W. 
Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wegeforth, Dr. Harry M. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 

Wheeler, Leslie 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Abbott, John Jay 
Abbott, Robert S. 
Adler, Max 
Alexander, William A. 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 

Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss Gracia 

M. F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 

Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Emanuel J. 

Life Members 


Block, Leopold E. 
Block, Philip D. 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Boynton, Mrs. C. T. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, Charles 

Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 
Byram, Harry E. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Carr, George R. 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chalmers, William J. 
Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clark, Eugene B. 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Clow, William E. 
Collins, William M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cooke, George A. 
Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cramer, Mrs. 

Katharine S. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, Frank S. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 

Davies, Mrs. D. C. 
Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Dawes, Rufus C. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 

Dixon, George W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Drake, Tracy C. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Everitt, George B. 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farnum, Henry W. 
Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Ferguson, Louis A. 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Paul E. 
Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Getz, George F. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goodrich, A. W. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hastings, Samuel M. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A., Jr. 
Heineman, Oscar 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Robert 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth 

Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Mrs. Daphne 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelly, D. F. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Charles K. 

Ladd, John 
Lamont, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lowden, Frank O. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Mason, William S. 
McCormick, Harold F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLennan, D. R. 
McLennan, Hugh 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H., Jr. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Murphy, Walter P. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

280 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Russell, Edmund A. 

Babcock, Frederick R. 
Billings, C. K. G. 
BufRngton, Eugene J. 

Dreyfus, Moise 

Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Sargent, Fred W. 
Schweppe, Charles H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Seabury, Charles W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, James 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Storey, W. B. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, G. F., Jr. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Deceased, 1937 
Griffiths, John 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Rea, Mrs. Robert L. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Valentine, Louis L. 
Veatch, George L. 
Viles, Lawrence M. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Weber, David 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Leslie 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 

Ryerson, Mrs. Martin A. 

Stevens, Eugene M. 
Swift, Louis F. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Coolidge, Harold 

J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Ellis, Ralph 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 

Johnson, Herbert 
F., Jr. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 

Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Associate Members 



Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Benjamin Stearns 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Joseph 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie 
Addleman, Samuel W. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Albee, Mrs. Harry W. 
Alden, William T. 
Alexander, Mrs. Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Allbright, William B. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Ailing, Mrs. C. A. 
Allison, Mrs. Nathaniel 
Alschuler, Alfred S. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Arthur W. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 

Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 
Artingstall, Samuel 

G., Jr. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashby, W. B. 
Ashcraft, Raymond M. 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Atkinson, Charles T. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Avery, George J. 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babb, W. E. 
Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bailey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Baird, Mrs. Clay 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Mrs. 

Katharine W. 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ball, Sidney Y. 
Ballard, Thomas L. 
Ballenberg, Adolph G. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, Harry A. 
Barbour, James J. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, James M. 
Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnhart, Mrs. Clara S. 
Barnum, Harry 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Bartelme, John H. 
Bartholomae, Mrs. Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 

Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Bauer, Aleck 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Baumrucker, Charles F. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. P. A. 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beatty, H. W. 
Becker, Mrs. A. G. 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Bender, Charles J. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berryman, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Bidwell, Charles W. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bird, George H. 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Edward J. 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Birkholz, Hans E. 

282 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Bischoff, Dr. Fred 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Edward T. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Blish, Sylvester 
Blome, Rudolph S. 
Blomgren, Dr. Walter L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boberg, Niels 
Bode, William F. 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Both, William C. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowes, William R. 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 

Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge, Professor 

S. P. 
Bremer, Harry A. 
Bremner, Mrs. David 

F., Jr. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridge, George S. 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Charles A. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, Mrs. George 

Brown, John T. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Mrs. Lillian B. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Bufrmgton, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bull, Richard S. 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 


Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. Edward 
Burnham, Frederic 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrows, Mrs. W. F. 
Burry, Mrs. William 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Burtch, Almon 
Burton, Mrs. Ernest D. 
Bush, Mrs. Lionel E. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, J. Fred 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Robert 0. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cable, J. Elmer 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caldwell, C. D. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, John M. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capper, Miss M. M. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George 

Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 

Associate Members 


Gary, Dr. Frank 
Casselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chappell, Mrs. Charles H. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. 

Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chisholm, George D. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Miss Dorothy S. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Lincoln R. 
Clark, Dr. Peter S. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clas, Miss Mary Louise 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W., Jr. 
Coleman, William Ogden 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 

Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cook, Mrs. Wallace L. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart, Jr. 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cormack, Charles V. 
Cornell, John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cox, Mrs. Howard M. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cross, Henry H. 
Crowder, Dr. Thomas R. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Culbertson, Dr. Carey 
Cummings, Mrs. D. 

Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, John T. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Dakin, Dr. Frank C. 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dammann, J. F. 

Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce C. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 

Alexander L. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, Brode B. 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Fred M. 
Davis, James 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. Nathan 

S., Ill 
Davis, Ralph 
Dawes, E. L. 
DeAcres, Clyde H. 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Decker, Charles O. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
DeDardel, Carl 0. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLee, Dr. Joseph B. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dewes, Rudolph Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. W. 

Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 

284 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Dillon, Miss Hester 

Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, William Warren 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Mrs. 

Edmund J., Jr. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donahue, William J. 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Drake, Lyman M. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Mrs. B. A. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 

Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Max 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Emery, Edward W. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Engwall, John F. 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericson, Melvin Burton 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Albert 

Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 
Ewell, C. D. 
Ewen, William R. T. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fahrenwald, Frank A. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feigenheimer, Herman 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Fetcher, Edwin S. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Fies, Mrs. E. E. 
Filek, August 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max II . 
Finn, Joseph M. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Isaac 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, Harry M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Flexner, Washington 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. G. E. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Follansbee, Mitchell D. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Foote, Peter 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Mrs. Gerhard 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Fowler, Miss Elizabeth 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. Lester 

E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freeman, Walter W. 
Freer, Archibald E. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 

Associate Members 


Freund, Charles E. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedlund, Mrs. J. Arthur 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frisbie, Chauncey O. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Charles 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, Judson M. 
Fuller, Leroy W. 
Furry, William S. 
Furst, Eduard A. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gale, Henry G. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Vincent G. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gamble, James A. 
Gammage, Mrs. Adaline 
Gann, David B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garard, Elzy A. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Fred Elbert 
Gately, Ralph M. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
George, Fred W. 
Gerding, R. W. 
Geringer, Charles M. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerts, Walter S. 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Getzoff, E. B. 

Gibbs, Dr. John Phillip 

Gibson, Dr. Stanley 

Gielow, Walter C. 

Gifford, Mrs. 
Frederick C. 

Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 

Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 

Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 

Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 

Gillman, Morris 

Gillson, Louis K. 

Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 

Girard, Mrs. Anna 

Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 

Glasgow, H. A. 

Glasner, Rudolph W. 

Godehn, Paul M. 

Goedke, Charles F. 

Goehst, Mrs. John 

Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 

Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 

Goldenberg, Sidney D. 

Goldrine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 

Golding, Robert N. 

Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 

Goldy, Walter I. 

Goltra, Mrs. William B. 

Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 

Gooden, G. E. 

Goodkind, Dr. Maurice L. 

Goodman, Benedict K. 

Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 

Goodman, W. J. 

Goodman, William E. 

Goodwin, Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 
Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Alfred 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, Alexander R. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Green, Miss Mary 

Green, Robert D. 

Green, Zola C. 
Greenberg, Andrew H. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, James E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, James A. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Clifford V. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Stephen 

S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. • 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Grimm, Walter H. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Dr. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gundlach, Ernest T. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Adolph R. 
Haas, Maurice 
Haas, Dr. Raoul R. 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hall, David W. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 

286 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Charles H. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamilton, Thomas B. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammitt, Miss 

Frances M. 
Hammond, Mrs. Idea L. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, Charles 

F., Jr. 
Harding, George F. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harker, H. L. 
Harms, John V. D. 
Harper, Alfred C. 

Harris, Mrs. Abraham 

Harris, David J. 

Harris, Gordon L. 

Harris, Hayden B. 

Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 

Hart, William M. 

Hartmann, A. O. 

Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 

Hartwell, Fred G. 

Hartwig, Otto J. 

Hartz, W. Homer 

Harvey, Hillman H. 

Harvey, Richard M. 

Harwood, Thomas W. 

Haskell, Mrs. George E. 

Haugan, Oscar H. 

Havens, Samuel M. 

Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayes, Charles M. 

Hayes, Harold C. 

Hayes, Miss Mary E. 

Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 

Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 

Hayslett, Arthur J. 

Hazlett, Dr. William H. 

Healy, Mrs. Marquette A. 

Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 

Heaton, Harry E. 

Heaton, Herman C. 

Heberlein, Miss 

Amanda F. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heide, John H., Jr. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herri ck, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herri ck, Walter D. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hicks, E. L., Jr. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hillis, Dr. David S. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hintz, John C. 

Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Hiscox, Morton 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoffman, Glen T. 
Hoffmann, Miss Caroline 

Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hohman, Dr. E. H. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Mrs. Frank K. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Horan, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William W. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. Maurice 

L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hosmer, Philip B. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Arthur 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 
Howse, Richard 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hoyt, Frederick T. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 

Associate Members 


Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Mrs. H. 

Hudson, Walter L. 
Hudson, William E. 
Huey, Mrs. A. S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, George A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Charles 

Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Louis G. 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S. 
James, Edward P. 
James, William R. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jaques, Mrs. Louis 

Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 
Jefferies, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 


Jenks, William Shippen 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Albert M. 
Johnson, Alvin 0. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, H. C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Isaac Horton 
Johnson, Joseph F. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Johnstone, George A. 
Johnstone, Dr. Mary 

Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, G. Herbert 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Lester M. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Jones, Warren G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judah, Noble Brandon 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, Gus 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. 

Leonard D. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kaspar, Otto 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 

Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kavanagh, Maurice F. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Miss Leonore 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Trude 
Kersey, Glen B. 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kilbourne, L. B. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene 

Kimbark, John R. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinney, Mrs. Minnie B. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kircher, Rev. Julius 
Kirchheimer, Max 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchell, Howell W. 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 
Klinetop, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Knox, Harry S. 

288 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Komiss, David S. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, William P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krause, John J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 
Kritchevsky, Dr. Wolff 
Kroehl, Howard 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krueger, Leopold A. 
Krutckoff, Charles 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lalley, Henry J. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lamson, W. A. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lang, Mrs. W. J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langenbach, Mrs. 

Alice R. 

Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert O. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, A. J. 
Lawson, Mrs. Iver N. 
Lawton, Frank W. 
Laylander, 0. J. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Learned, Edwin J. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Lehmann, Miss 

Augusta E. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leistner, Oscar 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon 0. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, David R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
Libby, Mrs. C. P. 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lindholm, Charles V. 
Lindquist, J. E. 

Lingle, Bowman C. 
Linton, Ben B. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. John T. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Edward W. 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loesch, Frank J. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, John I. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles 0. 
Louer, Albert S. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lownik, Dr. Felix J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludlam, Miss Bertha S. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lutter, Henry J. 
Lydon, Mrs. William A. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 
Lyon, Frank R. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacDonald, E. K. 
MacDougal, Mrs. T. W. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magill, Henry P. 

Associate Members 


Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnus, August C. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Manson, David 
Marcus, Maurice S. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquis, A. N. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massena, Roy 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAllister, Sydney G. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McClellan, Dr. John H. 

McCluer, William 

McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, Robert 

H., Jr. 
McCoy, Herbert N. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Miss Gladys 

McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGarry, John A. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
McHugh, Mrs. Grover 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McKeever, Buell 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLaury, Mrs. C. W. 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McMenemy, L. T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melchione, Joseph 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Metzel, Mrs. Albert J 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Albert 

Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyer, William 
Meyercord, George R. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhening, Joseph 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, Mrs. Walter H. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Fred L. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Mills, Mrs. William S. 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Miner, H. J. 
Minotto, Mrs. James 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Mrs. John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moffatt, Mrs. 

Elizabeth M. 
Mohr, William J. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Molloy, David J. 
Moltz, Mrs. Alice 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. 

Kendrick E. 
Morris, Edward H. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 

290 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Morrison, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Mortenson, Mrs. Jacob 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. 

Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. George H. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nash, Charles J. 
Nathan, Claude 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Miss Carrie 

Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Murry 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. George 

R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 

Noble, Samuel R. 
Noelle, Joseph B. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcross, Frederic F. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. Carl B. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberf elder, Herbert M. 
Oberf elder, Walter S. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
Odell, William R. 
Odell, William 

R., Jr. 
O'Donnell, Miss Rose 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
Ofneld, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Gene G. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olson, Gustaf 
Omo, Don L. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Eleanor N. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Charles S. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Raymond 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Ouska, John A. 
Overton, George W. 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page-Wood, Gerald 
Pagin, Mrs. Frank S. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. J. William 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Patrick, Miss Catherine 
Patrick, Dr. Hugh T. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Payne, Professor James 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
Peltier, M. F. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Nelson 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peterkin, Daniel 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mason 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 

Associate Members 


Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Picher, Mrs. Oliver S. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plunkett, William H. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollock, Dr. Harry L. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pond, Irving K. 
Pontius, Dr. John R. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 
Pope, Frank 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, James F. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Powell, Isaac N. 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Pur cell, Joseph D. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Pusey, Dr. William Allen 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, William J. 
Quinlan, Dr. William W. 

Raber, Franklin 
Radau, Hugo 

Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Raithel, Miss Luella 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Charles P. 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Randle, Guy D. 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redington, F. B. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Kersey Coates 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reeve, Frederick E. 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, George L. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ricketts, C. Lindsay 
Riddle, Herbert H. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Ridgway, William 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Ries, Dr. Emil 
Rieser, Mrs. Herman 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 

Rigney, William T. 
Rinder, E. W. 
Ring, Miss Mary E. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Robbins, Percy A. 
Roberts, Clark T. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Dr. S. M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Rockwell, Harold H. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Roehling, Mrs. 

Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogers, Walter A. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenfield, William M. 
Rosenthal, James 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Rothschild, Maurice L. 
Rothschild, Melville N. 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rowe, Edgar C. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubel, Dr. Maurice 

292 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruel, John G. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Edward L. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sauter, Leonard J. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffer, Dr. David N. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlake, William 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman, A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schulze, William 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel 

J., Jr. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 

Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Seames, Mrs. Charles O. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaver, Andrew E. 
Seaverns, George A. 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Sennekohl, Mrs. A. C. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shambaugh, Dr. George E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Shaw, Theodore A. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. Francis 

C., Sr. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 

Sincere, Ben E. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Mrs. Charles R. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Jesse E. 
Smith, Mrs. Katherine 

Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Bourne 
Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas 
Solem, Dr. George 0. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Mae 0. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spitzglass, Mrs. 

Leonard M. 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stanton, Edgar 

Associate Members 


Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Stark, Mrs. Harold 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Maurice S. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevens, R. G. 
Stevenson, Dr. 
Alexander F. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss Agnes 

Stewart, Miss Eglantine 

Stewart, James S. 

Stewart, Miss Mercedes 

Stibolt, Mrs. Carl B. 

Stiger, Charles W. 

Stirling, Miss Dorothy 

Stockton, Eugene M. 

Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 

Straus, David 

Straus, Martin L. 

Straus, Melvin L. 

Straus, S. J. T. 

Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 

Strauss, Henry X. 

Strauss, John L. 

Street, Mrs. Charles A. 

Stromberg, Charles J. 

Strong, Edmund H. 

Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 

Strotz, Harold C. 

Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 

Stulik, Dr. Charles 

Sturges, Solomon 

Sullivan, John J. 

Sulzberger, Frank L. 

Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 

Sutherland, William 

Sutton, Harold I. 

Swan, Oscar H. 

Swanson, Joseph E. 

Swartchild, Edward G. 

Swartchild, William G. 

Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swiecinski, Walter 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 
Sylvester, Miss Ada I. 

Taft, John H. 
Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tarrant, Robert 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Charles C. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Teagle, E. W. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Mrs. Harry L. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Charles E. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thompson, Mrs. Leverett 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tighe, Mrs. Bryan G. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Titzel, Dr. W. R. 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towle, Leroy C. 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Tredwell, John 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 

Tucker, S. A. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Tracy L. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, F. B. 
Tuttle, Henry Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 

Uhlmann, Fred 
Ullman, Mrs. N. J. 
Ullmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. Flora 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDeventer, Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
VanNess, Gardiner B. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vaughan, Leonard H. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 
Vial, Miss Mary M. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Victor, Mrs. Jessie K. 
Vinissky, Bernard W. 
Volicas, Dr. John N. 
Volk, Mrs. John H. 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

VonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Dr. G. W. 
Wagner, John E. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Robert Y. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, H. P. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Waller, Mrs. Sarah 
Wallerich, George W. 

294 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Wallovick, J. H. 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Ware, Mrs. Charles W. 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, J. Latham 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Wean, Frank L. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Webb, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 

Allais, Arthur L. 
Avery, Miss Clara A. 

Barley Miss Matilda A. 
Beck, Herbert 

Werner, Frank A. 
West, J. Roy 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Wettling, Louis E. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, James E. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. T. E. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Dr. A. 

Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Harry Lee 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 

Deceased, 1937 
Bellinghausen, Miss Celia 
Black, Dr. Arthur D. 
Boorn, William C. 

Chadwick, Charles H. 

Wilson, Mrs. Robert 

Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Mrs. 

Bertram M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Witkowsky, Leon 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. 

Francis M. 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Harold F. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Worth, Miss Helen E. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wunderle, H. O. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, Mrs. Caryl B. 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer 
Zerk, Oscar U. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Chase, Frank D. 
Clifford, F. J. 

D'Ancona, Edward N. 
Danz, Charles A. 

Annual Members 


Davis, Abel 
Dent, George C. 

Eiselen, Dr. Frederick 

Ferguson, William H. 
Friedman, Oscar J. 

Gabriel, Charles 

Hird, Frederic H. 
Honnold, Dr. Fred C. 
Howard, Mrs. Elmer A. 

Jaeger, George J., Jr. 
Jaffe, Dr. Richard 

Johnstone, Dr. A. Ralph 
Joyce, David G. 

Kellv, James J. 
Klink, A. F. 

Deceased, 1937 

Lauritzen, CM. 
Luehr, Dr. Edward 

Magill, Robert M. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
Merrill, Henry S. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 

Norris, Mrs. William W. 

Otis, Mrs. Xavier L. 

Pick, George 
Post, Gordon W. 

Ray, Hal. S. 
Redington, Mrs. W. H. 
Rich, Edward P. 
Roehling, C. E. 

Rogers, Bernard F., Jr. 
Ross, Charles S. 

Shaw, Mrs. Howard 
Snow, Edgar M. 
Strandberg, Erik P. 

Thompson, Charles F. 
Trainer, J. Milton 

Veeder, Mrs. Henry 

Waller, J. Alexander 
Weber, Frank C. 
Wheeler, Leslie 
Wiborg, Frank B. 
Wolff, Louis 

Zimmer, Mrs. 
Rudolph E. 
Zulfer, P. M. 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James Mitchell, W. A. 

Day, Mrs. Winfield S. Phillips, Montagu Austin 

Stevens, Edmund W. 


Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Bernstein, Fred 

Carney, Thomas J. 
Cox, William D. 

Florsheim, Harold M. 

Gentz, Miss Lucia 

Louis, Mrs. John J. 

Mclnerney, John L. 

O'Toole, Dennis J. 

Deceased, 1937 
Harris, Harvey L. 

Peel, Richard H. 

Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Slader, Thomas 
Somers, Byron H. 
Swigart, John D. 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Abeles, Jerome G. 
Adams, E. E. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Addington, Mrs. 
James R. 

Agar, W. S. 
Agazim, John 
Agger, Jens 
Alcorn, W. R. 
Aldrich, Mrs. H. E. 
Aleshire, Mrs. Oscar E. 

Alessio, Frank 
Alexander, Harry T. 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allen, C. W. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, John D. 

296 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Alschuler, Samuel 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary Agnes 
Amory, W. Austin 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Arch W. 
Andersen, J. A. 
Anderson, Mrs. Lillian H. 
Angus, Mrs. John 
Anheiser, Hugo 
Anoff, Isador S. 
Anthony, Joseph R. 
Applegate, Mrs. Harry R. 
Armstrong, Horace 

Arnold, George G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Mrs. J. Bertley 
Arpee, Levon Harris 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Auty, K. A. 
Axelson, Charles F. 
Ayer, Mrs. Walter 

Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. Arthur C. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Bade, William A. 
Baker, C. M. 
Balderston, Mrs. 

Stephen V. 
Baley, Mrs. James A. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Banes, W. C. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Barker, James M. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barlow, Henry H. 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. M. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, M. J. P. 
Bartholomay , William, Jr. 
Bartholomew, Mrs. F. H. 
Bartoli, Peter 
Baskin, Salem N. 
Baumann, Mrs. F. 0. 
Bean, Edward H. 
Bear, Mrs. Robert G. 
Beatty, Mrs. R. J. 
Becker, H. Kirke 

Becker, Mrs. Herbert W. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Bell, George Irving 
Bender, Miss Caroline 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Bennett, Edward H. 
Bennett, Miss Evelyn T. 
Bennett, N. J. 
Bennett, Mrs. Reid M. 
Bennington, Harold 
Benson, Frank A. 
Benson, Mrs. T. R. 
Bentley, Richard 
Beresford, Charles Evelyn 
Berg, Sigard E. 
Berger, Dr. John M. 
Berger, R. 0. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Berghoff, Mrs. H. J. 
Berkey, Mrs. Peter 
Berlizheimer, Miss Lily A. 
Berry, Harry J. 
Berry, V. D. 
Bert, Mrs. V. J. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bestel, Oliver A. 
Bethge, C. A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph Henry 
Binz, William C. 
Bird, Herbert J. 
Birdsall, Carl A. 
Black, J. Walker 
Blackburn, Burr 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blaker, Edward T. 
Bledsoe, Samuel T. 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blocki, Mrs. Fred W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloomfield, Mrs. Leonard 
Blosser, J. D. 
Blythe, Mrs. J. W. 
Boardman, Mrs. 

Ronald P. 
Bobb, Dwight S. 
Bolton, John F. 
Bond, William A. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, James 
Borcherding, E. P. 
Borneman, Fred B. 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Botthof, Walter E. 
Bournique, Alvar L. 
Bournique, Eugene A. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Jay 
Bowman, Mrs. Jay 
Boyd, E. B. 
Boyd, Mrs. Henry W. 

Boyer, Mrs. J. E. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. 

Bradford, David H. 
Bradley, Charles D. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Brant, Mrs. CM. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brennan, Mrs. George E. 
Brewster, William E. 
Briggs, Dr. Clement 

W. K. 
Briney, Dr. William F. 
Bro, Albin C. 
Brooks, P. C. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Broome, Mrs. Thomhill 
Brossard, J. J. 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, Gerard S. 
Brown, H. A. 
Brown, Mrs. James J. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Miss Martha A. 
Brown, Dr. Ralph C. 
Brown, William A. 
Browning, Miss 

Browning, J. Roy 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brunkhorst, John 

Buchbinder, Dr. J. R. 
Buchen, Walther 
Buck, Mrs. A. F. 
Buck, Nelson Earl 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Budd, Mrs. Ralph 
Buell, Mrs. Charles C. 
Buethe, W. C. 
Buker, Edward 
Bunnell, John A. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Bunton, Miss Helen M. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burket, Dr. Walter C. 
Burkhardt, Mrs. 

Ralph N. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burnham, Hubert 
Burridge, Mrs. Howard J. 
Burrows, Miss Louisa L. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Bushman, Andrew K. 
Butler, Comfort S. 
Butler, Mrs. Gerald M. 

Annual Members 


Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callahan, Mrs. A. F. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Camenisch, Edward T. 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, George F. 
Campbell, H. W. 
Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Campe, Frank O. 
Canavan, J. Newell 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlson, John F. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carpenter, Mrs. Robert 
Carr, Henry C. 
Carry, Mrs. Edward F. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Carter, Mrs. R. B. 
Case, Amos H. 
Cassady, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Cassells, G. J. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, Sidney 
Caswell, Mrs. A. B. 
Cathcart, James A. 
Cavanagh, Harry L. 
Cawley, William J. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chandler, George M. 
Chapin, Mrs. 

Elizabeth M. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Theodore S. 
Chapman, William 

Chase, Carroll G. 
Chase, Derwood S. 
Chase, Samuel T. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Citron, William 
Clancy, James F. 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, Charles T. 
Clark, George C, Jr. 
Clark, Mrs. Harold A. 
Clark, N. R. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 

Clark, Robert H. 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clifford, Thomas B. 
Clinch, Mrs. George 

Clissold, Edward T. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. 0. 
Clow, Kent S. 
Coe, Mrs. Schuyler M. 
Coen, T. M. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Irving Leslie 
Cole, Samuel 
Coleman, Mrs. 

Adelbert E. 
Coleman, B. R. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Charles W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Compton, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Condon, Thomas J. 
Conner, J. A. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Conway, Barret 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Paul W. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Coombs, Dr. Arthur J. 
Coon, Owen L. 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cooper, Mrs. Clay C. 
Cooper, R., Jr. 
Coppel, Mrs. Charles H. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Corper, Erwin 
Corsant, Mrs. Charles 

Cozzens, Mrs. Frederick B. 
Craddock, John F. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Craig, E. C. 
Craigmile, Miss 

Esther A. 
Cramer, Mrs. Ambrose 
Craske, Dr. W. D. 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Cresap, Mark W. 
Crist, L. H. 

Croft, Miss Mildred H. 
Cronwall, Edward C. 
Crosby, Mrs. Frederick W. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Cuneo, Frank 
Cunningham, Secor 

Curtis, D. C. 
Curtis, John G. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Cushing, Miss Natalie S. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 

Dallwig, P. G. 
Dalzell, Harry G. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Daniel, Norman 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Darlington, Joseph F. 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davidsohn, Dr. Israel 
Davies, William B. 
Davies, Mrs. William J. 
Davis, Charles C. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Miss Hilda G. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Deacon, Edward F. 
Dean, Mrs. C. H. 
Dean, William D. 
Deane, Henry Towner 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
DeBarry, C. D. 
DeCamp, Harry E. 
Decker, Herbert 
Decker, Hiram E. 
Deffenbaugh, Walter I. 
Defrees, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Degener, August W. 
Deimel, Mrs. Jerome L. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Dempsey, William J. 
Denison, John W. 
Deniston, Mrs. Albert 

J., Jr. 
Denson, John H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
DePeyster, Frederic A. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
Deree, William S. 
Dern, Dr. Henry J. 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
DeStefani, Tully 
Dewey, Mrs. Charles S. 
Diamond, Louis E. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dickerson, Earl B. 
Dickinson, J. David 
Dickinson, Mrs. Welch 
Diem, Peter 
Diggs, Dr. Arthur E. 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 

298 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. XI 

Doherty, Mrs. James 
Donnelley, Thome 
Donohue, Louis J. 
Doolittle, Douglass 
Dorney, Rev. Maurice A. 
Doubson, Mrs. Willa 

Douglas, Mrs. James H. 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Dressel, Charles L. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Drezmal, Max A. 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Drielsma, I. J. 
Dry, Meyer 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunham, M. Keith 

Easter, Adolph H. 
Easton, J. Mills 
Eaton, Leland E. 
Eckart, Mrs. Robert P. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eckhouse, Mrs. 

Herbert F. 
Edell, Mrs. Fred B. 
Ehrmann, Dr. Fred J. E. 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Karl 

Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Eldridge, Charles B. 
Elliott, Francke C. 
Elliott, William S. 
Elmer, Dr. Raymond F. 
Elston, Mrs. I. C, Jr. 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Epstein, Mrs. Albert K. 
Erickson, Elmer 
Erminger, Mrs. H. B., Jr. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Ettelson, Samuel A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Everett, Edward W. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fairlie, Mrs. W. A. 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. Ward 
Farrar, Holden K. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Faulhaber, Ernest A. 
Feipel, Peter J. 
Felsenthal, Herman 
Feltman, Roland D. 
Fenton, J. R. 

Ferguson, Louis A., Jr. 
Ferrara, Salvatore 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, Mrs. Wentworth G. 
Fink, R. A. 
Finkl, Frank X. 
Fischer, Arthur 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fisher, Stephen J. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fleischhauer, Herbert 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Flory, Owen O. 
Floyd, Paul E. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Ford, Mrs. Edwin S. 
Fordyce, Mrs. 
Rushton L. 
Forester, Mrs. Anne 
Forrest, Maulsby 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Fosburg, H. A. 
Foster, William S. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Dr. Philip 
Frank, A. Richard 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Miss Margaret 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
French, George W. 
French, Dr. Thomas M. 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Frick, Mrs. H. A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Fulton, Arthur W. 
Fulton, D. B. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gale, Abram 
Gallagher, Miss Grace 
Gallauer, Mrs. Carl 
Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
Gano, David R. 
Ganz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gates, Philip R. 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gengevi, Ettore 
Gensburg, Louis W. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
Gibbs, William J. 

Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gilchrist, Miss Harriet F. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
Gilkes, William H. 
Gingrich, Arnold 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glennon, Mrs. Fred M. 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goble, Mrs. E. R. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Goldberg, Mrs. Sol H. 
Goldfmger, Miss Annie 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Goodell, P. W. 
Goodkin, Alexander 
Goodman, Benjamin H. 
Grabiner, Harry M. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graf, Emil 
Graffis, Herbert 
Granstrom, P. Martin 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graves, Mrs. George E. 
Gray, William A. 
Gray don, Charles E. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greene, Miss Rosa B. 
Greenebaum, Mrs. Esther 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Greenlee, Mrs. Ralph S. 
Grein, Joseph 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Newton F. 
Gridley, Mrs. Martin M. 
Griesel, Edward T. 
Griesemer, Mrs. Itha 
Griffith, Mrs. G. H. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Guilliams, John R. 
Guinan, James J. 
Gunkel, George F. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haerther, William W. 
Haffner, Mrs. Charles 

C, Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hales, Mrs. G. W. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Harry Millard 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, Louis W. 
Hall, Ross C. 
Hallett, L. F. 

Annual Members 


Hamilton, Mrs. 

Chester F. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, J. R. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, C. Herrick 
Hansen, Adolph H. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Hardenbrook, Mrs. 

Burt C. 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Hardy, Francis H. 
Harmon, Hubert P. 
Harmon, J. R. 
Harmon, J. W. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
Harper, James H. 
Harper, Robert B. 
Harper, Samuel A. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, S. R. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harris, Mortimer B. 
Harrison, William H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, Robert H. 
Hart, Mrs. Walter H. 
Hartmann, Ernest F. L. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Haskell, L. A. 
Hathaway, Leonard W. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. 

John J. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkins, Harold E. 
Hawkins, Mrs. R. W. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Haywood, Mrs. William 
Headland, Dr. Paul 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Healy, John J. 
Healy, Vincent E. 
Heavy, John C. 
Hebel, Oscar 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Hedley, Arthur H. 
Heg, Ernest 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helebrandt, Louis 
Heller, Fred M. 
Hemington, Dr. Francis 

Hempe, George H. 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, Mrs. 

Burton W. 
Henke, Frank X. 
Henkel, Milford F. 
Henne, E. A. 
Henner, Hyman I. 
Henning, Mrs. Helen E. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Hertzman, Irving L. 
Herz, Alfred 
Hess, Edward J. 
Hess, Sol H. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
Hibler, Mrs. Harriet E. 
Hicks, Mrs. Ernest H. 
High, Mrs. George H. 
High, Shirley T. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hillyer, John T. 
Hilpert, Dr. Willis S. 
Hilton, Henry H. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hixon, H. Rea 
Hoadley, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hobbs, John W. 
Hodge, Thomas P. 
Hoff, C. W. 

Hoffman, Mrs. Ernst H. 
Holland, Mrs. Samuel H. 
Holt, McPherson 
Holter, Charles C. 
Honecker, Ralph H. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Horton, Mrs. Douglas 
Horton, Homer F. 
Horton, Warren C. 
Horween, Arnold 
Horween, Isidore 
Hough, Frank G. 
Howard, P. S. 
Hoyt, Dr. D. C. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hoyt, William M., II 
Hubachek, Frank 

Huettmann, Fred 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Hughitt, Mrs. Marvin 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hungerford, Mrs. L. S. 
Hunt, Lewis W. 
Hurd, Harry B. 
Hurlbut, Mrs. E. R. 
Huth, Mrs. C. F. 
Hyman, Mrs. David A. 
Hyndman, Mrs. A. H. 

Igoe, Mrs. Michael L. 
Illian, Arthur J. G. 

Ireland, Mrs. Charles H. 
Irwin, Amory T. 
Irwin, John 
Ivy, Dr. A. C. 

Jackson, G. McStay 
Jackson, Mrs. Pleda H. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jackson, William F. 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Nate 
James, Dr. R. L. 
Jamieson, Norman R. 
Jaques, Mrs. Bertha E. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jeffers, Roy S. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jeffries, Robert M. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, S. C. 
Jensen, Miss Esther 
Jewett, George F. 
Johnson, B. W. 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Frank 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Ira B. 
Johnstone, Mrs. Bruce 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, Charles W. 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Oliver 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Joy, James A. 
Judd, Mrs. Charles H. 
Juhn, Miss Mary 

Kaempfer, F. W., Jr. 
Kahlke, Dr. Charles E. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, Michael V. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzinger, Arthur 
Kaufman, Mrs. J. Sylvan 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kay, Webster B. 
Keck, William S. 
Keeler, C. D. 
Keene, William J. 
Keller, Mrs. Rose H. 
Kelley, L. Thomas 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Frank S. 

300 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Kelman, Mrs. James 

Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kemper, W. R. 
Kenly, Mrs. William K. 
Kennedy, David E. 
Kenyon, Mrs. Edward F. 
Keogh, Dr. Chester 

Keyser, Charles F. 
Killelea, Miss Marie 
Kimball, Mrs. Curtis N. 
Kimball, T. Weller 
Kimball, William W. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, H. R. 
King, Willard L. 
Kinne, Harry C. 
Kirchheimer, Mrs. 

Kirkpatrick, Donald 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Kleinschmidt, Edward 
Kline, A. 
Kloese, Henry 
Klohr, Philip C. 
Klotz, George C, Sr. 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knight, Edward P. 
Knode, Oliver M. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knutson, Mrs. George H. 
Koch, Carl 
Koenig, Fred A. 
Kohn, Mrs. Frances J. 
Koltz, George C, Sr. 
Koopmann, Ernest F. 
Koplin, Samuel M. 
Kort, George 
Korten, Miss Hattie C. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Krafthefer, James M. 
Kramer, Henry 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Krause, C. H. 
Krausman, Arthur 
Krebs, Charles E. 
Kresl, Carl 
Kress, William G. 
Krier, Ambrose J. 
Kriz, Frederick 
Krol, Dr. Francis B. 
Krum, Morrow 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kunze, Edward L. 
Kurfess, W. F. 
Kurtzon, George B. 
Kussman, A. C. 

LaCamp, Miss Augusta 
Lachman, Harold 
LaCroix, J. V. 
Ladd, John W. 
LaForge, Dr. Alvin W. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Landon, Robert E. 
Landreth, Mrs. John P. 
Landsberg, Mrs. Edward 
Lang, Frank A. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Langhorst, Dr. Henry F. 
Lapham, Ralph L. 
Laramore, Florian 

Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Laud, Sam 
Law, M. A. 
Lazelle, L. L. 
Lazerson, Abraham 
Leahy, T. M. 
Leary, Thomas J. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. W. George 
Lehman, Lawrence B. 
Leitch, Mrs. Walter C. 
Leonard, Dr. Joseph M. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lettermann, A. L. 
Levin, Louis 
Levis, John M. 
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K. 
Lewin, Miss Estella 
Lewis, Frank J. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Lichtenstein, Miss Lydia 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liebenthal, Mrs. John 

Lieboner, William S. 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindley, Arthur F. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linn, Mrs. James W. 
Lintuman, Miss Jennie 
Lipman, Abraham 
Little, Charles G. 
Little, F. C. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. W. A. 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Mrs. E. 

Loewenstein, Emanuel 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Lovely, Miss 

Charlotte G. 
Lurie, Mrs. George S. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 

MacArthur, Fred V. 
MacArthur, Telfer 
MacChesney, Miss 

MacEachern, Dr. M. T. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Macfarland, Lanning 
MacKechnie, Dr. 

Hugh N. 
MacKenzie, William J. 
Mackie, David Smith 
MacLean, Miss Viola 

MacMillan, William D. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magie, William A. 
Magill, John R. 
Malkov, David S. 
Manaster, Henry 
Manheimer, Arthur E. 
Manning, Guy E. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Marks, Emanuel 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marsch, Mrs. John 
Marston, Mrs. T. B. 
Martin, Webb W. 
Martin, Z. E. 
Marx, Elmer William 
Mason, Dr. Ira M. 
Mason, Lewis F. 
Massen, John A. 
Massey, Walter I. 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maurer, W. Edward 
Mawicke, Henry J. 
May, Mrs. George T., Jr. 
May, Sol 
Mayer, Arthur H. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Frederick 
Mayer, Fritz 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Richard 
Mayer, Mrs. Walter H. 
Maynard, Edwin T. 
McAllister, M. Hall 
McAdams, Frank J., Jr. 

Annual Members 


McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McCarthy, Mrs. Earl R. 
McCarty, Mrs. 

James J. 
McClure, Donald F. 
McCollum, Mrs. W. E. 
McConnell, Mrs. 

A. Howard 
McCormick, Alister H. 
McCormick, Miss 

Elizabeth D. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, Frank R. 
McCreight, Marion 

McCurdy, John W. 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, W. H. 
McDougal, Mrs. 

Robert, Jr. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McDowell, Malcolm 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGill, John H. 
McGrain, Preston 
McGregor, James P 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Roland 
Mcintosh, Loy N. 
McKay, Charles R. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKearnan, Thomas J. 
McKibbin,Mrs.George B. 
McKiernan, Mrs. 

Donald D. 
McKinstry, W. B. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. JamesH. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

Jesse L. 
McLaughlin, Dr. John W. 
McLean, Miss Sarah 
McManus, James F. 
McMurray, S. A. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNall, Quinlan J. 
McNally, Mrs. 

William D. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Mechem, John C. 
Medema, Peter J. 
Meek, C. P. 

Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Mehlhope, Clarence E. 
Melville, Hugh M. 

Metz, C. A. 
Michaels, Joseph 
Milchrist, Frank T. 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Charles J. 
Miller, William 
Millsaps, J. H. 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 
Molay, Marshal D., M.D. 
Montgomery, Mrs. 

Frederick D. 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 
Moore, E. E. 
Moore, Mrs. J. W. 
Moore, Merritt S. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, William F. 
Morgan, Clarence 
Morris, Ira Nelson 
Morris, Thomas J. 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morton, Dr. Edward C. 
Moser, Paul 

Mountcastle, Mrs. M. E. 
Mower, Mrs. Roswell C. 
Mowrer, Mrs. Paul Scott 
Mowry, Robert D. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mulford, Frank B. 
Mulhern, Edward F. 
Murfey, E. T. R. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murray, J. C. 
Muter, Leslie F. 

Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Napier, William C. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Needham, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Neff, Mrs. E. Eugene 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Byron 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Hoogner 
Nelson, Walter H. 
Nelson, William H. 
Nessler, Robert W. 
Nevins, John C. 
Newman, Mrs. H. H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Montrose 
Nickerson, J. F. 
Nitka, Jesse 
Noble, Guy L. 

Noble, R. Shreve 
Noee, Miss Grace 

Norman, Dan 
Norris, Eben H. 
North, Mrs. F. S. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Novy, Dr. B. Newton 
Nutting, C. G. 

Oberman, Mrs. 

Abraham M. 
Obermeyer, Charles B. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, William L. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Dr. Sarah C. 
Oestmann, Albert G. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oleson, John P. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Olin, Dr. Harry D. 
Olmstead, Ralph W. 
Olsen, Andrew P. 
Olson, John 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Orb, Mrs. Marie S. 
Ormsby, Mrs. Frank E. 
Orr, Mrs. Fred B. 
Osborne, Raymond 
Osgood, William T. 
O'Shaughnessy, John P. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Oswald, Miss Tillie 
O'Toole, Mrs. 

Owen, C. N. 

Palmer, Robert F. 
Parker, George S. 
Parmelee, Dwight S. 
Parsons, Bruce 
Passell, Charles A. 
Patch, Mrs. G. M. 
Patrick, Miss Mary L. 
Patterson, Mrs. C. L. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Paver, Paul W. 
Peck, Mrs. Robert G. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Pencik, Miles F. 
Pentecost, Lewis J. 
Penticoff, M. C. 
Perrenot, Mrs. O. M. 
Perry, Arthur C. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Peterson, Dr. A. B. 
Peterson, C. J. 
Peterson, Leonard 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettibone, Mrs. 
Holman D. 

302 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pfister, Mrs. C. Eugene 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phillips, Howard C. 
Pickell, J. Ralph 
Pietsch, Walter G. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pitt, A. A. 
Place, F. E. 
Plamondon, Alfred D. 
Plate, Ludwig 
Plattenburg, S. R. 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Pollard, Charles W. 
Pohn, Jacob S. 
Pond, George F. 
Poole, Mrs. James E. 
Poore, William E. 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Potter, Mrs. T. A. 
Potts, Mrs. W. G. 
Poulter, Mrs. Thomas 

Preetorius, Irwin W. 
Prindle, James H. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Purrucker, Miss 

Louise M. 
Putnam, Rufus W. 
Puttkammer, Mrs. Ernst 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quarrie, William F. 
Quellmalz, Frederick 
Quinlan, James T. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Racheff, Ivan 
Raeth, J. P. 
Railton, John R. 
Raim, Dr. William 
Randall, CM. 
Randall, Clarence B. 
Rankin, A. J. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rawlings, Mrs. I. D. 
Ray, Bert 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Rea, Miss Edith 
Read, Mrs. J. J. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Rufus M. 
Reed, Walter S. 
Regensburg, James 
Rehm, J. Albert 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiss, William 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 

Reuter, Mrs. Gustave A. 
Reutlinger, Harry F. 
Reuss, Mrs. Henry H. 
Reynolds, Mrs. G. 

Reynolds, Joseph Callow 
Rice, C. Leslie 
Rice, Joseph J. 
Rice, Mrs. W. W. 
Rich, Harry 

Richards, James Donald 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richardson, Dr. 

Maurice L. 
Richert, John C. 
Richter, Arthur 
Rick, Miss Florence 
Riel, George A. 
Rilling, Mrs. Paul 
Ripley, Mrs. 

Bradford W. 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Ritchie, R. H. 
Ritter, Emil W. 
Roadifer, W. H. 
Robbins, Dr. James M. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 

Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Roche, Stephen F. 
Rockola, David 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rollins, Athol E. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romaskiewicz, John 
Rosenbaum, Julius 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfels, Hugo H. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, Jerome B. 
Rosenthal, Nathan H. 
Rosenthal, Samuel H. 
Rosner, Max 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Ross, William J. 
Ross-Lewin, Miss 

Roth, Arthur J. 
Rothstein, Mrs. Dave 
Rountree, Lingard T. 
Rowland, Hiram A. 
Rowland, James E. 
Rowley, Clifford A. 

Rowley, William A. 
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 
Royal, Mrs. Joseph S. 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ruby, Samuel D. 
Rudin, John 
Ryan, CD. 
Ryan, Mrs. Edward J. 
Ryan, Miss Helen Valerie 
Ryan, Mrs. Joseph D. 
Ryer, Julian C 

Sachse, William R. 
Sadler, Mrs. Fred D. 
Saggars, Wayne 
Salmonsen, Miss Ella M. 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C 
Saslow, David 
Sawyer, Dr. C F. 
Sawyer, W. M. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scallan, John William 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Scheel, Fred H. 
Scherer, Andrew 
Schermerhorn, Richard A. 
Schlachet, Herman 
Schmidt, Adolf 
Schmidt, F. W. 
Schmidt, Theodore 
Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schnadig, E. M. 
Schobinger, Mrs. Eugene 
Schofield, Mrs. Flora 
Schrader, Miss 

Harriet N. 
Schu, Jacob 
Schueren, Arnold C 
Schulte, Dr. Edward V. 
Schultz, Walter H. 
Schulz, Mrs. Otto 
Schulze, John E. 
Schulze, Paul 
Schupp, Robert W. 
Schwab, Martin C 
Schwarting, Clarence J. 
Schwede, Charles W. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schweizer, Carl 
Schwill, Julius 
Scofleld, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, George H. 
Scott, Walter A. 
Scott, Dr. Walter Dill 
Scudder, Mrs. 

Lawrence W. 

Annual Members 


Scudder, W. M. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Secord, Burton F. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
Seehausen, Gilbert B. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selz, Emanuel 
Selz, J. Harold 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Seubold, Dr. F. H. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Seymour, Mrs. Flora 

Shaffer, Mrs. Norman P. 
Shapiro, Isaac 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Sheehan, John J. 
Shepard, Guy C. 
Sheridan, L. J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Sherwin, Mrs. F. B. 
Shippey, Mrs. Charles W. 
Shiverick, Mrs. A. F. 
Sholty, Lester J. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shultz, Earle 
Shultz, Miss Edith 
Shurtleff, Miss Lucille 
Sidney, John A. 
Siebel, Fred P. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sievers, William H. 
Silber, Clarence J. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Simmons, Mrs. Charles R. 
Simonson, Roger A. 
Simpson, Mrs. Anita 
Simsky, Miss Edith M. 
Sizer, William A. 
Sjostrom, Otto A. 
Skeel, Fred F. 
Skog, Mrs. Ludvig 
Slade, John C. 
Slade, William F. 
Sloan, William F. 
Smale, William 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Glen E. 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Smithwick, J. G. 
Sokolec, Maurice 
Sokoll, M. M. 
Sollitt, George 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Sparrow, Mrs. W. W. K. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Sperling, Mrs. Grace 

Spiegel, Modie J. 

Sprague, Albert A., Jr. 
Spry, George 
Staehle, Jack C. 
Stanbury, Dr. C. E. 
Staples, Mrs. J. W. 
Stark, Rev. Dudley S. 
Steece, F. B. 
Steele, Mrs. Charles D. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Stein, Lawrence M. 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinson, Henry G. 
Steinwedell, William 
Stempfel, Theodore 
Stephenson, Mrs. 

Elmer E. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steven, Mrs. Leslie 

Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Miss 

Katharine M. 
Stewart, Miss Alma May 
Stewart, George J. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, William 
Stier, Willard J. 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stilwell, Abner J. 
Stone, Mrs. John 

Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Strawbridge, C. H. 
Street, C. R. 
Strigl, F. C. 

Strouse, John Frederick 
Strubel, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturtevant, C. D. 
Sturtevant, Roy E. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Summers, L. F. 
Sundell, Ernest W. 
Swanson, Frank E. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Dr. Frank M. 
Symmes, William H. 
Symon, Stow E. 

Talbot, Mrs. 

Eugene S., Jr. 
Tankersley, J. N. 

Taradash, Lawrence 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Taylor, Harry G. 
Taylor, Mrs. Samuel G. 
Teller, George L. 
Tevander, Mrs. Olaf N. 
Tewson, William E. 
Thomas, Mrs. J. Elmer 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thornton, Everett A. 
Thornton, Randolph 
Throop, George Enos 
Thurber, Dr. Austin H. 
Todd, A. 

Todd, Miss Ruth G. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Topping, John R. 
Towne, Claude 
Towner, Frank H. 
Townsley, Lloyd Roger 
Tracy, Howard Van S. 
Tracy, S. W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traver, George W. 
Treat, Floyd C. 
Tremain, Miss Eloise R. 
Trier, Robert 
Triggs, Charles W. 
Trowbridge, E. C. 
Trude, Daniel P. 
Truman, Percival H. 
Trumbull, Miss Florence 
Tyler, Alfred C. 

Uden, Walter I. 
Ullman, J. M. 
Ullmann, Mrs. Albert I. 
Utley, George B. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Vail, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Vaill, Mrs. J. H. 
VanBuren, George B. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
VanKirk, George M. 
VanVlissingen, Mrs. 

Etta D. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vernon, H. D. 
Vilas, Mrs. George B. 
Vilas, Mrs. Lawrence H. 
Vivian, George 
VonHelmolt, Carl W. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wacker, Frederick G. 
Wager, William 
Wagner, Richard 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Walker, Edgar H. 

304 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. XI 

Walker, Lee 
Walker, Wendell 
Walker, Stephen P. 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walton, Lyman A. 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Warner, Addison W. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Warszewski, Mrs. 

Edward H. 
Wasson, Theron 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watson, H. A. 
Watson, Vernon S. 
Weast, Mrs. E. W. 
Weber, W. S. 
Webster, Edgar C. 
Webster, James 
Webster, Dr. James R. 
Webster, N. C. 
Wedeles, Sigmund 
Weeks, Mrs. Marcy T. 
Weidenhoff, Joseph 
Weil, Edward S. 
Weil, Mrs. Joseph M. 
Weil, Mrs. Victor 
Weiner, Charles 
Weiner, Samuel 
Weintroub, Mrs. 

Weiss, George B. 
Welch, L. C. 

Wells, Mrs. H. Gideon 
Wentworth, John 
Wentz, Peter Leland 
Werelius, Mrs. Axel 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
West, Mrs. Frederick T. 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerling, Olaf 
Westphal, Miss Mary E. 
Wetmore, Mrs. Frank O. 
Whedon, Miss Frances E. 
Wheeler, Mrs. John T. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Seymour 
Whipple, A. J. 
White, Mrs. Charlotte D. 
White, Mrs. F. Edson 
White, Linn 
White, W. J. 
White, W. T. 
Whitwell, J. E. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wiersen, Miss Annie C. 
Wilder, Emory H. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiley, Edward N. 
Wilhelm, Frank Edward 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Wille, Andrew 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willett, Howard L. 
Williams, Clyde O. 
Williams, Miss Florence 

Williams, Lawrence 
Willis, P. P. 
Wilsey, Mrs. Robert E. 

Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, E. L. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 

John R., Jr. 
Witkowsky, James 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Works, George A. 
Worthy, Mrs. Sidney W. 
Wray, Edward 
Wright, Miss Bertha 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wubbena, Miss Ella C. 
Wulbert, Morris 
Wyle, Mrs. E. A. 
Wyzanski, Henry N. 

Yates, Raymond 
Yavitz, Philip M. 
Yeaton, H. T. 
Yeakel, Dr. William K. 
Yonce, Mrs. Stanley L. 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, James W. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 

Zeiss, Carl H. 
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Zglenicki, Leon 
Zimmer, Benedict F. 
Zimmerman, Irving 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zipprich, Carl J. 
Zonsius, Lawrence W. 

Broomell, Chester C. 
Bunting, Guy J. 

Claney, John 
Coe, Frank Gait 
Condit, J. Sidney 

Dahle, Isak 
Deininger, Mrs. D. M. 

Edmonds, H. O. 
Estes, Clarence E. 

Farquharson, William J. 
Fox, Richard T. 
Fry, Charles W. 

Glover, John 

Hanson, August E. 

Deceased, 1937 

Hayward, R. B. 
Hooge, Dr. Ludwig F. 
Hopkins, James M., Jr. 
Hull, Morton D. 

Jones, Mrs. Morgan T. 

King, Mrs. W. H. 
Kirk, Joseph H. 

Logan, Frank G. 

Mackenzie, Mrs. G. S. 
MacPherson, Walsh B. 
McClelland, Mrs. E. B. 
Montgomery, John R. 

Newman, Hugh 
Norton, Ellery 


JUL 20 1938 


Oleson, Dr. Richard 

Prosser, H. G. 

Rayner, Frank 
Reynolds, Marvin C. 
Rosenow, Milton C. 

Straus, Arthur W. 

Thompson, Mrs. Slason 

Walker, James R. 
Webster, N. C. 
Wilson, William R. 
Wurzburg, H. J. 

Zane, John Maxcy 

IE L/Bfi