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Volume XII 

l1t LltfKARY OF THE 

JUL 3 1942 




3 J 








The library of the 
JUL 12 1940 




JANUARY, 1940 


mm a umm 

man am 


A Trvi»t<» at tS« Muw ' « (taring <h«- psat ) 

t h» ■uMakaat of • pcaafcNi pUn cmbraciac all tiwa f uy — 





riffn uimnrTiunuu<fii(i 


Or l895 r\ 


JUL 12 1940 




JANUARY, 1940 




List of Plates 7 

Officers, Trustees and Committees, 1939 9 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 10 

Former Officers 11 

List of Staff 12 

Obituary — James Simpson 14 

Report of the Director 15 

Department of Anthropology 45 

Department of Botany 53 

Department of Geology 69 

Department of Zoology 81 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 94 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for 

Public School and Children's Lectures 98 

Lectures for Adults 104 

Layman Lecture Tours 105 

Library 106 

Publications and Printing 109 

Photography and Illustration 113 

Public Relations 114 

Membership 117 

Comparative Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts . . 118 

Comparative Financial Statements 119 

List of Accessions 120 

Articles of Incorporation 137 

Amended By-Laws 139 

List of Members 145 

Benefactors 145 

Honorary Members 145 


I'.l - - 

nding ' «t» 

1 1 »*. 
en 117 

1 17 

' 1 .">( > 


nual M 1»>1 



1. Marshall Field 3 

2. James Simpson 14 

3. Pit-House during Excavation 32 

4. Printing in Ancient China 48 

5. Illinois Woodland Scene 54 

6. Primitive Olive Oil Press in Northern Africa 58 

7. Etched Sections of Meteorites 70 

8. Evolution of the Camel 74 

9. Gypsum Crystals 84 

10. Red Grouse 92 

11. Mollusks 100 

12. Portable Natural History Exhibit for Chicago Schools 

Prepared by the N. W. Harris Public School Extension . 108 


Stanley Field 

First Vice-President Second Vice-President 

Albert A. Sprague James Simpson* 

Third Vice-President Secretary 

Albert W. Harris Clifford C. Gregg 

Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith 


Lester Armour Charles A. McCulloch 

Sewell L. Avery William H. Mitchell 
William McCormick Blair George A. Richardson 

Leopold E. Block Theodore Roosevelt 

Walter J. Cummings Fred W. Sargent! 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. James Simpson* 

Joseph N. Field Solomon A. Smith 

Marshall Field Albert A. Sprague 

Stanley Field Silas H. Strawn 

Albert W. Harris Albert H. Wetten 

Samuel Insull, Jr. John P. Wilson 


Executive. — Stanley Field, Albert W. Harris, Charles A. McCulloch, 
James Simpson,* Albert A. Sprague, Marshall Field, Silas H. 
Strawn, John P. Wilson. 

Finance.— Albert W. Harris, Solomon A. Smith, James Simpson,* 
John P. Wilson, Albert B. Dick, Jr., Leopold E. Block. 

Building.— Charles A. McCulloch, Samuel Insull, Jr., William H. 
Mitchell, Leopold E. Block, Joseph N. Field. 

Auditing. — James Simpson,* Fred W. Sargent,! George A. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, Sewell L. Avery, Solomon A. Smith. 

* Deceased, 1939 
t Resigned, 1939 

ii:i: MEM! 


M t* 


.1 UflH W tTH* 


. How • 

J.'HN \ ROl i • 

M \kti\ \ Rikk> 
Knu i\ \\ u Ki • 


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Ik * 

I UU) I 

urroM I 

.   • 

John B 




Wiii.iam V. Kf 

aro—t — 

* Dk< r v i » 

. 919 





Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

First Vice-Presidents 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Second Vice-Presidents 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Third Vice-Presidents 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 


Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 


Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 


Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 




|>EJ»AR1 Ml •• i IR< • •*« » I • 


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Julius Friesser C. J. Albrecht 

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters 

W. E. Eigsti John W. Moyer 


Edgar G. LaybourneI Frank C. Wonder 

Frank H. Letl, Preparator of Accessories 


John R. Millar, Curator 
A. B. Wolcott, Assistant Curator 


Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 


Henry F. Ditzel Benjamin Bridge 

Warren E. Raymond, Assistant Registrar 

A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper 


Elsie H. Thomas 


Robert E. Bruce Noble Stephens, Manager 


Margaret M. Cornell, Chief 
Miriam Wood Leota G. Thomas 

Marie B. Pabst Elizabeth Hambleton 

Loren P. Woods 

public relations counsel 
H. B. Harte 

Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer 

division of memberships 

Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

division of printing 

Dewey S. Dill, in charge 


Lillian A. Ross David Gustafson 

divisions of photography and illustration 

C. H. Carpenter, Photographer Carl F. Gronemann, Illustrator 

A. A. Miller, Collotyper 
Clarence B. Mitchell, Research Associate, Photography 

staff artist 
Arthur G. Rueckert 

general superintendent 

W. H. Corning 
James R. Shouba, Assistant Superintendent 


William E. Lake 


E. S. Abbey 

t Resigned, 1939 



< >n N 1939 npson, V- 

Museum lot - Truste whose ser from 

November ' ., and 01 bad, 

th in BO • and 1: en in the front rank. 

James eum for many :ily 

b men litin^ Commitu as 

Vice-President H n and an Honorar "'• 

The Simpson Th- urn building, v. 

.It of his munit; ■mtribution. and will, as loi he 

buildinvr standi oriaJ to his rk. 

will also t: which proup was 

obtained bj lition financed by him. 

ing lines a rely the bald fa ncerning James 

Simpson's service to Field Museum, for in all tl tee- 

ship hi b bounden dut; 

th.. uid without an;. ration, but in I 

His advi I coui night by the meml- 

any committet whirl-, 1 men. en 

'he m by him. One 

his ■'. n in the on 

Plan a the Museum, at lound conditi 

md in- a lar. .sure due 
intirinp tho;. 

James S I, with 

whom he ha many ;. • will ahi - him. 

tril 1 his m< hat this n 

on th- this meeting and that the »f their deep 

md th* essed 

his family. 

• • 


Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. 12, Plate 2 

January 26, 1874-November 25, 1939 





To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1939. 

The year 1939 stands out as a year of great accomplishment at 
Field Museum. Particular emphasis was given to matters within 
the organization. Outstanding was the establishment of a pension 
plan which will provide in future for the automatic retirement of 
employees as they come to the established pension ages, 65 years 
for men and 60 for women. Each employee will contribute approxi- 
mately 4 per cent of his annual salary to the pension fund, which 
sum will be more than matched by the Museum's contribution. 
Annual income received by each retiring employee will be approxi- 
mately 1}4 P er cent of the total salary earned while a member 
of the pension plan. Supplementing this benefit for future service, 
; additional annual income after retirement has been provided in the 
amount of one per cent of all past salaries received from Museum 
service prior to the inception of the pension plan. The plan includes 
only those employees who have not already passed normal retire- 
ment ages. Special provision is being made for those beyond the 
age of eligibility so that they may be retired upon their own appli- 
cations. While the pension plan had been under consideration for 
many years, the expense was heretofore an insurmountable barrier, 
especially the cost of the pensions for accrued past service. 
Through the gift of Mr. Marshall Field, a Trustee of the Museum 
who has long been interested in the institution and the welfare of 
its employees, the plan has been set in operation with accrued 
liabilities paid in full. It is perhaps needless to say that the announce- 
ment of the plan was received with unanimous approval by the 
employees of the institution. 

Appreciation of the Museum by the public is evidenced by the 
year's attendance, which totaled 1,410,454 persons, an increase of 
almost 19,000 over the previous year. Paid admissions, however, 
declined more than 8 per cent. During 1939 only 5.9 per cent of 
the visitors at Field Museum paid admission, compared with 6.6 
per cent in 1938, and 7.3 per cent in 1937. Steadily decreasing rates 
of return from investments, and some degree of fear for the future 
on the part of citizens, resulting in fewer contributions, combine to 


m of N L2 

*• :• ■••nt 
• I !ii: *ie BO-cal 

• •ar fr ;n- 

w<irk. the 
public that the 

the pi n's 

wilding, but 
led far beyond th( .-mural 

children in tln-ir ;trh lectures 

 1 asse 

• I An: 

Publii - 'I and < Jhildren' i 1 • 

: tymond I 
i the Museum 

 he i >ntinu< . summi 

ltumi 1 mot for childn 

in the James S eatre of the Museum, cond iny 

thousand Iren <>n toura «»f Musi ind er. 

in a which 

will he fot. in this R 

aially im] tinuatinn <»f th< -mural work 

W. Publi< S Thi 

thr irculates 

rng all 
;al. pr ell, thu 

I Hiring 

al nu im with 

be children reaches: mond 


ual fur in- 

Iculable nurr.  gfa less direct n • lio 

ides in era 

and ma ind many other 

Introduction 17 

Attendance at special programs presented in the Museum totaled 
more than 100,000 persons. This figure includes those who attended 
the spring, summer and autumn series of motion pictures for children 
provided by the Raymond Foundation in the Simpson Theatre; the 
audiences at the spring and autumn courses of Saturday afternoon 
lectures for adults in the Theatre; various special groups which used 
the Theatre and Lecture Hall ; those participating in the daily guide- 
. lecture tours of exhibits for both children and adults; and groups 
attending the Sunday lecture tours conducted by Mr. Paul G. 
Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer. 

The Museum attracted many special groups of visitors during 
the year. It was one of three Chicago scientific institutions which 
acted as hosts to delegates attending the annual meeting of the 
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, September 
13-16. Special exhibits for these visitors were arranged at Field 
Museum and at the other host institutions (the John G. Shedd 
Aquarium, and the Chicago Academy of Sciences), and open 
house was held at Locy Hall of Northwestern University. Members 
of the Marquette Geologists' Association visited Field Museum in 
a body in February, and were conducted through the exhibits by 
Mr. Henry W. Nichols, Chief Curator of the Department of Geology, 
and Assistant Curator Bryant Mather. Several hundred safety 
patrol boys, selected for merit from schools in many communi- 
ties of Illinois and Indiana, were brought to the Museum on May 11 
under the auspices of the Chicago Motor Club, and conducted on 
tours of the exhibits by lecturers of the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Foundation. In May the Raymond Foundation 
attained a new all-time record by extending its guide-lecture service 
in the Museum to 336 groups, comprising 36,082 individuals. Among 
these were groups from Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, Kansas, 
and Illinois. So many requests were made for this service that 
eighty-nine groups could not be accommodated because all available 
time of the personnel was filled before their applications were made. 

As for many years past, the Raymond Foundation in December 
assisted groups of delegates sent to the Museum by the National 
Congress of Four-H Clubs. These groups consisted of 1,018 boys 
and girls selected from farms throughout the United States and 
Canada, brought to Chicago for the International Live Stock 
Exposition. At the Exposition itself, Field Museum, following 
another custom of many years, installed an exhibit of several of the 
portable cases circulated among Chicago schools by the N. W. 

Field Mi sei m op Nati rai History Reports, Vol, L2 

Hams Public School I ion, t with phi I - iphs of ou( 

standing exhibit! in the Museum halls, h. during tfa 

national convention <>f the American Legion, arrangement 
made whereby Legionnaires and their fami admitt 

to the Museum upon presentation of al coupons included in 

ticket hooks for various < Chicago attractions distributi • I • 

On January 11, Mr. Stan  eld completed three d< as 

idenl of the Museum, an office which he has I • mtinuously 
since 1909 \i the Annual Meeting of th< ird of Tru neUi 

January 16, Mr. Field wa 

of his coll- tion for his thirty-first term as President. 

All other Officers of the Museum who 
for 1939. The others are: Colonel Albert A. Spra 

ident ; Mr. James Simpson, Second Vice-President ; Mr. Albert W. 
Hams. Third Vice-President; Mr. Clifford ( tor and 

:y: ami Mr. Solomon A. Smith. Treasurer and Assistant 

Mr. Fred w ent was compelled by ill health r his 

/nation as a Trustee. This v. fully Si I at a meeting 

of the Hoard held June 19. Mr. SarL'rn; had been a Trustee since 

L929, md had rendered valuable a member of the \i 

At a [neeting of the Trustees held July 21, four prominent '• 

in Chi civic activities were i T " membership on the 

Board, arid I rporate Members of the Museum. Th< 
Tru are: Mr. Lester Armour. Mr. William McCormick Blair, 

Mr. Walter J. CummingS, and Mr. Albert H. We" ten. They till 

vacancies caused by deaths and resignations which haw 
during a period of more than tw< light 

the Board full membership of twenty-  i in the 

for tin in many months. Unfortunately, this 

situation did not last long the Museum I of one of its 

most earnest and . and Officers by I • ith, on 

\'o\ ember 25, of Mr. James Sim; cond Vice-President. 

A resolution adopted by the Tru m tributi Mr. Simps ' will 

found on page 1 1 of this book. : Repot 

In recognition of his emii> ield Museum, Professor 

nri Humbert, I >i r. •. t « »r of the Division of Phai it the 

Museum National d'Histoire Xaturelle. in I' ed a 

('or- iin^ r M r. I't' Humbert v. illy he' 

in carrying: out Field Museum's project for the phot hing 

of t .f plants in Fur ; • !!•• pr Museum 

Introduction 19 

representative, Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the 
Herbarium, with working quarters, and extended many privileges 
and much valuable assistance which contributed greatly to the 
successful accomplishment of Mr. Macbride's mission. 

Two names were added during 1939 to the list of Contributors. 

They are Mr. Clarence B. Mitchell, of Chicago, and Mr. Michael 

Lerner, of New York. Mr. Mitchell has devoted much time to a 

notable project in color photography at the Museum, which resulted 

in his appointment to the staff as a volunteer worker with the title, 

Research Associate in Photography. In the course of this work, 

Mr. Mitchell has paid considerable sums for equipment and supplies, 

i and for the making of plates for the printing of color pictures. Mr. 

Lerner has presented to the Museum specimens of large and rare 

* fishes, caught through the expert angling of himself and Mrs. Lerner 

Ion various expeditions they have conducted. The specimens fill 

I important places in exhibits under preparation for a new hall of fishes. 

No new Life Members were elected during 1939, but two Non- 
Resident Life Members were added to the rolls. They are: Miss 
: Mary Louise Clas, of Washington, D.C., and Mr. Emil A. Siebel, 
of Lake Villa, Illinois. 

Lists of all classes of Museum Members will be found in this 
i Report, beginning on page 145. On December 31, 1939, the total 

number of memberships was 4,171, which represents a small but 
i encouraging increase over the number at the same date in 1938, 
i which was 4,122. The Museum is deeply appreciative of all support 
' given it by citizens who hold memberships. They are a vital factor 
I in the continuance of the Museum's program for the advancement 

of science and education, and are making a real contribution to the 

promotion of culture in Chicago. 

With regret is noted the death, on April 10, of Dr. Adolf Carl Noe\ 

who since 1933 had been Research Associate in Paleobotany on the 

staff of the Museum. Dr. Noe\ who was Professor of Paleobotany 

| at the University of Chicago, became intensely interested in the work 

; of the Museum during the construction by the Department of Botany 

I of the Carboniferous forest group in Ernest R. Graham Hall. Dr. 

I No£'s researches and publications in the field of coal formations and 

coal balls are well known to scientists. He placed his collections and 

his scientific knowledge freely at the disposal of the Museum. 

Work proceeded throughout the year on installations of new 
exhibits, and reinstallations and improvements of exhibits installed 
in other years. In each of the departmental reports contained in 

:> Museum op N ol. 12 

this book I l section givini -fines*- 

\ fen ol I be more irnj leserv( : • • ial hr 

mention ben 

hall. Hall M. v. | in th- .rt- 

ment «»f Zoology. It is ibition of approxin 

2,0 eeimeni of lower it tes, which pn ly were but 

spa: um. n of t '• 

end imp: lighting was ng th» 

i tubular fluorescent lamps, which ha - .res 

for certain types <>f exhibit lamp 

diffusion <»f tight, and enow the exhibits in thoir ti u 

r<»up in the Hall «»f Birds Hall 20 showi th< the 

ish Isles in a ting t( • iigh- 

Thii group • ial irv .<• bird 

 prime favorite with sportsmen. 

A notable addition t<> the Hall <>f Plant Life Hall 29 was a 

diorama showing tl ring il<>ra of the Chicago re. 

ed in Si Field Hall during the year 

included one during the I nofanaa illy 

interesting birds' eggs, and ens from th< 

bown f<T 
that collection. I birds nuch 

n that it was later transf< to Hall 21 Systi ' • tion 

of Bir manen( exhibit which may been 

in the fut . 

Tl 4 flu or e s cen t lighting used in Hall M was installed 

also in Hall 21 tic Collection of Minis . and Hall 30 Hal. 

Chinese Jade . witl bringing out the tru« 

and other -es of the exhi: imeot. It is planne . 

of lighting, as conditions i>ermit. in all installa- 
ghting rather than hall-lighting is used. 

To all those friends of the Museum who made gifts of rn 
and of material for the scientific COllei and the Libr 

ful .. :gmen' mg ti bo con- 

juring the year are the foUowini 

Mr. Marshall Field, member of the I of 'I mack 

gifts of cash and m the munificent total of 3,771.19. 

A lar ontributions ws 'he purpose 

establishing I mployees of the Museum, 

•vhich referer. been made. The other funds • 

:i Mr. Field given to meet the huge d. • curred b} 

Introduction 21 

maintaining the traditional high standards of Museum operation 
and progress in the face of declining income. 

From the estate of the late Martin A. Ryerson the Museum 
received $120,125.44. From the estate of the late Mrs. Carrie 
Ryerson, $27,500 in cash and securities was received, as an addition 
to the sums previously received from this bequest as reported in 1938. 

An anonymous donor turned over to the Museum the sum of 
$30,000 in cash. 

Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum, made gifts to the 
Museum totaling $17,239.60, of which part was for the financing of 
expeditions, and part for purchases of much-needed equipment. 

A contribution of $5,000, in addition to the gift reported in the 
1938 Annual Report, was received from Mr. Wallace W. Lufkin. 

From the estate of the late Cyrus H. McCormick the Museum 
received $10,000, resulting from a bequest. 

Gifts totaling $6,000 were received from Mrs. James Nelson 
Raymond for the support of activities of the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's 
Lectures, which she founded in 1925. 

Mr. Leon Mandel was the donor of sums totaling $1,200. Mr. 
Clarence B. Mitchell contributed $1,000. Mrs. Clarence C. Prentice 
gave $1,000 for the maintenance of the Leslie Wheeler Fund, desig- 
nated for the purchase of additions to the collection of birds of prey. 
Mr. Boardman Conover contributed $400 toward the expeditionary 

Under their agreement with the Museum, the Jewish Welfare 
Fund, of Chicago, gave $1,000, and the Emergency Committee for 
the Aid of Displaced German Scholars gave $750, toward the salary 
of a scientist employed on the Museum staff through special arrange- 
ments. The balance of this salary is paid from Museum funds. 

Other sums of varying amounts were received as gifts from Mr. 
Carl Colby, Mrs. Hermon Dunlop Smith, Mr. C. R. Harrington, 
and Mr. Daniel M. Schuyler. 

The many gifts of material for the collections of the Museum are 
reported upon in detail in the departmental sections of this book, 
and in the complete List of Accessions which begins on page 120. A 
few outstanding ones have been selected for mention here, as follows: 

The famous Bishop Collection of more than 50,000 North Ameri- 
can birds, one of the largest and most important collections ever 
assembled, was acquired by purchase with funds made available by 

2.1 K: m of N m. History Ri 12 

donor wh main anonymous. Tl >n 

was the kind which had n<>r passed to a public ir. n. 

[( includes representatives of Marly all known 

in  nction <>f \ort rth of Mi colli ion 

>>n th< 
er owner, Dr Louii B. Bishop, aHforn 

arnl numerous pn al ornithi n assoi 

h him al varioua t i r r - imong • • tally important items in 
the collection ai I a nui 

tivea of met. which have 

rare and difficult to obtain. Prior to the acquisition 
of this collection, Field Museum's efforts in ornithological research 
I principally to the bir ntral and South 

rica, and other foreign localit th American field 1 

eft largely to other institutions, although Field Museum did 
ha ion which was regarded as 

important. Addition of the Bisl m tills a in 

the collections of birds, and - this institution u • rhe most 

North American bird colli ther in this count] 

or abroad. This is of tremendous impi 

of ornitholog ial research opportuni- 

ffords. A know North American bo 

fundamental to all ornithological research in evolution, variation, 
and all th- il fields <>f biolog 

A notable gift was that of eleven pieo ent bronze nv 

ty; • in Korea but • to print Chinese cl '. . 

from Mr. Thon Donm Mr. Donnelli 

:' old v. 

Mr. Michael I of New York, who in the 

no- mtribut the fish collect ntinued I 

with the M in 1939 by providing the 

makir »r films and slides needed for 


From the Depart] i University <»f Ch 

trium sped- 

-embled by the 

late Profess in addition to hi ion on the uni- 

h Asa iny on the Mu- 

ff. The collection includes im] om many 

•he world, and I tillable the Herbarium 


Introduction 23 

Again, as in many past years, the Chicago Zoological Society, 
John G. Shedd Aquarium, Lincoln Park Zoo, and General Biological 
Supply House contributed frequently and generously to the collec- 
tions of the Department of Zoology. Many specimens were obtained 
also through the use of money made available by the Leslie Wheeler 
Fund and the Emily Crane Chadbourne Fund. 

Other notable contributions to the collections of the Museum 
were received from Dr. Henry Field, Mr. Stanley Field, Dr. Wilfred 
H. Osgood, Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Mr. Hermann C. Benke, Dr. S. M. 
Lambert, Mr. Paul C. Standley, Mr. Loren P. Woods, Dr. Julian A. 
Steyermark, Dr. Paul S. Martin, and Mr. Clifford C. Gregg. 

From the Chicago Park District the Museum received sums 
aggregating $86,093.85, representing its share, authorized by the 
state legislature, of collections made during 1939 under the tax 
levies for 1938 and preceding years. As has already been mentioned, 
the legislative act under which such tax money has been paid to 
Field Museum and other museums was invalidated by the Illinois 
Supreme Court during the year. It is hoped that in 1940 the State 
Legislature will take steps to provide for restoration of the Museum 
i tax on a basis acceptable to the taxpayers and the courts. 

I The many difficulties in the financial administration of an insti- 
tution of this kind, combined with an outlook that is not encourag- 
ing, have prompted those in charge to review carefully everything 
in this field in order to be in as sound a position as possible should 
; circumstances change for the worse. The Finance Committee of 
the Board of Trustees has carefully checked the investment port- 
folio, and after painstaking study has ordered many changes for the 
purpose of insuring a reasonable income while protecting principal. 
The sum of $26,600, advanced by the investment account in 1938 
to liquidate a bank loan, was returned to the investment account 
in 1939 from operating funds. This restitution was made possible 
through the generosity of Mr. Marshall Field. As a result there are 
no obligations against the operating account except current bills. 
Also through the gift of Mr. Marshall Field it was possible to create 
a reserve for extraordinary building repairs and mechanical plant 
renewals and replacements. The lack of such a fund has been a 
matter of serious concern for a number of years, and might have been 
most embarrassing except for the unusual efficiency of the Chief 
Engineer and General Superintendent in maintaining their equipment. 

With the full approval of the heirs of the late Mr. Chauncey 
Keep, the Board of Trustees authorized the use of income from the 

Field Mi a u History Ri 12 

i ;ilr I i.i . Fund for the 

purchase • with the und< | rincipal 

and I of this fund, amounting to $17 h.'ill n-main 

intact Credit will !-• and for all pun 

this auth( n. 

It ion Plan for M 

Bmplo; .roup urance policy held by the institi. 

was an • I respects. In order that pn n mi^I 

afforded all empl imum 1 I 'was* hed, 

and within that limit inged equal to or slightly 

• d A 
.■•ing to $1,000 the insurance benefit of any employee at the time 
aon. This clan urpose 

of the insurance is to provid( tion for d< . who will 

lally be old enough to f an empl 


Revisioi •• made in the group contract with the Plan I 

•■. Inc., making availal than hit > • 

for Field Mu Diployees and tl The plan pi 

lization, when i mbscribing employees and their 

fami ind the limits of such hoepil tion were in< I by 

the revisiona in terms. Subscription ii nominal cost, and 

entirely voluntary. The plai • i and most 

of the principal hospit -id medical author- 1 has the 

support of many ci A large proportion of tF -urn 

•nnel have taken ad van! f the unity inscribe, 

and a number ha had ded. 

The Museum had in Op in the l'r 

and foreign COUntl iring ' ' and c field 

■n a smali- conducted. As in the preceding 

ir, thi Dsion only through the 

ed the  

im would I unable to 

alio f this pi;- 

• »f the • .ork in 1939, tv. d imj' 

ilanir /.tion of Field M m, and the ninth 

Field M 

•hese Mr. Stanley F1< Id. The Magellanic 

. which is under the U Dr. Wilfred H. Osg 

Chief ('ur tl •• Department of /. .11 continue its work 

eral months in 194 'Heating specimens over a bf 

Introduction 25 

field, including parts of southern Peru, Bolivia, Chile, the shores of 
the Straits of Magellan, and the island of Tierra del Fuego at the 
foot of South America (noted as one of the world's windiest spots). 
This expedition began work in July. The first members entering 
the field were Mr. Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, Mr. Karl 
P. Schmidt, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, and Mr. John 
Schmidt, field assistant. Dr. Osgood joined the party in October. 
Mr. Karl Schmidt completed his part of the work about the middle 
of November, thereafter returning to the Museum, but the other 
members of the expedition remained in the field. In addition to 
making comprehensive collections of the fauna of the regions indi- 
cated, this expedition has as a prime objective the assembling of data 
to supplement the work of Charles Darwin, who pioneered in scien- 
tific research in the more remote parts of the area. 

The Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest 
was led by Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of the Department of 
Anthropology. He was assisted by several other archaeologists, and 
a party of excavators. In eight previous years Dr. Martin had 
worked on sites of early North American cultures in southwestern 
Colorado, and in 1939 his expedition operated in a new area, in the 
vicinity of Glenwood, New Mexico. There the ruins of early Mogol- 
lon culture were investigated. A large collection of artifacts was 
obtained for the Museum's exhibits and study collections, and Dr. 
Martin found traces of the cultural developments that took place 
during a 1,500-year period which had previously been a blind gap 
to archaeologists. 

The Sewell Avery Botanical Expedition to Guatemala, sponsored 
by Mr. Sewell Avery of the Board of Trustees, in 1939 completed 
its work, which was begun in the preceding year. The expedition 
was conducted by Mr. Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium. 
A comprehensive collection of the flora of many parts of the country 
was obtained, and data were assembled for proposed scientific publi- 
cations. Operations were conducted in selected localities in each 
principal type of region found in Guatemala: volcanoes, alpine 
meadows, high mountain slopes, rain forests, deserts, etc. 

Late in the year another botanical expedition was sent to Guate- 
mala. It is sponsored by President Field, and is being conducted 
by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium. 
Its object is to collect specimens and data to supplement the 
findings of the Sewell Avery Expedition, and it will continue 
operations into 1940. 

I'll ; D MlsilM «>K * HlSTOm l: OL. 12 


 Field Museum Paleontological Kxpedition I 

• i fossil remains of the early mammals of Pah • • and 
ins in Mesa, Garfield, and Gunniaon counties. It* 
findings included an important genua hil unknown to pa 

toloj Mr. Bryan Pat te ' sistant < 'ura 

was the leader. He wa H. c^uinn, 

Assistant in Paleontology, ar  ral other coll< from Chicago 

and from the 1 « ><  ; 1 1 < Jolor n. 

litioil to Florida col ecimene Of marine animals, 

and made studies of the invertebrate life of tl • >n. Mr. Fritz 

•r of Lower Invertebn in* Taxidermi I 

I.. Walters were the collectors. Operations conducted on the 

Atlantic and (iwlf coasts. Presidei 

A paleontologies dition ith Dakota and S*< 

spoi b} President Field, and led by Mr. Paul 0. M 

Assistant in Paleontol ted skeletal material representing 

variou xtinct mammals in Oh. e, Mioo id I'lio- 

■a] beds. Mr. McGrew wa mpanied by Mr. Johi 

midt, Mr Or ille Gilpin, and local col from the areas 

\ isited. 

Dr. FYancJi Drouet, Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, and Mr. 

aid Richards, of the Huli oical Laboratory of the Fni- 

of Chi to Mexico and 

it Invest ern Unit 1 '•• 

field of /ions included pari 

Jifornia. The object of thi dition was 

the ink' of th< . ins in I, with 

tion being in investigation of the algal and bryophyti 

.veil Avery Zoological lition to British Gui hich 

had begun "i • n July, 1938, completed its work ai r ned 

i early in 1939. Mr. Sewell P, and Mr. 

Emmel R. Blake nt Curator of Bird er. Mr. 

Blake was assisted b urty of local colh 

ion along the Courantyne R 
oundary <>f Dutch Guiana, the New R uid trii 

far in I - I >• m unfortui UTyi 

irik r a l.i resents! 

of the fauna of the httle known region arri urn. 

Bi mall mammals, and reptih Peninsula 

 i for Field Museum by an .tion B] and 

con '• vin Traylor, Jr.. and Mr. Wyl! 

Introduction 27 

Field work on a more limited scale was carried on from time to 
time by various members of the Museum staff, including: botanical 
collecting in Venezuela by Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of 
Economic Botany, who is in that country on an extended leave of 
absence from Field Museum to assist in making a botanical survey 
for the Venezuelan Government; zoological collecting in England 
and Scotland by Mr. Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, who 
was in Europe for several months as a Fellow of the Guggenheim 
Foundation; ornithological work in the Chicago area, conducted by 
Mr. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator of Birds, and Mr. Frank 
H. Letl, Preparator of Accessories; mineralogical collecting in 
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York state, conducted by 
Mr. Bryant Mather, Assistant Curator of Mineralogy; zoological 
collecting in Florida conducted by Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Chief 
Curator of Zoology, and Mr. Alfred C. Weed, Curator of Fishes; 
and botanical and zoological collecting in various regions of Missouri, 
conducted by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the 
Herbarium, and Mr. Loren P. Woods of the staff of the Raymond 

The project for the making of photographs of type specimens of 
plants in the leading herbaria of Europe, which has been under way 
since 1929, was continued through most of 1939 by Mr. J. Francis 
Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium. Negatives of more 
than 40,000 type specimens of plants, chiefly of South American 
species, are now on file in the Museum, and prints from them are 
made available, at cost, to botanists and institutions all over the 
world. This is a service widely recognized for its inestimable value 
to systematic botany. Its importance is especially emphasized at 
this time, as many of the European collections face possible destruc- 
tion in the war which began late in 1939. The negatives at Field 
Museum thus might become the only remaining records of many 
plants of scientific and historic importance. Mr. Macbride returned 
to the Museum December 18. 

Mr. Leon Mandel generously made arrangements whereby Mr. 
Rudyerd Boulton, Curator of Birds, and Mr. D. Dwight Davis, Assist- 
ant Curator of Anatomy and Osteology, left Chicago on December 26 
to join an expedition scheduled to sail January 1, 1940, from Havana. 
This expedition, to be conducted aboard Mr. Mandel's yacht 
Buccaneer, will explore out-of-the-way cays, islands, and rocks in 
the Caribbean Sea. Birds, mammals, and reptiles will be collected 
in these places, and fishes and other marine creatures will be sought 

•> i ii : i- M m <>k I m. Hi- . Vol. L2 

in t} • unrounding them. Mr. 1 himself will partici- 

pate in the 

ored for Field Museum r will bo Captain 

William i m Beach, Florid 

nationally among museums, Ii ither institut  | indi- 

vidua Museum Press. In -n. 

(u ilar les for laj i printing of 

guidebooks, handb r was continued at 

ual on a 1 Outstai in imj irai the pu)>h 

ti<»n > I and 1 1 of UipreheOf 

rk of intere mithologi 

Dr. 1 Myron 

I . ola l m-. • 

ssues of / he monthly bul 

for M and improved 

graphical "dress, numb* 

ocreased from four to eight, making possible a m< 

•id thorough of the Museum, 

eincreaai I an additional burd< 

the Division of Printirig. Newi about Museum a 

I-. pn ilarly. resulting in ual qu 

only in Chi throughout the nation, 

fn ly in foreign countr 11. 

Book Sho] eum, which w 

ted throughout with th< esi that marl 

it fir ' months. The sales, both I 

mail orders, indicate that the scrvio 'he 

public A. rhich it distributes, wl r chil- 

dn Bed U] qualified n • im'i 

scientifii issurin] boola ubtful authenticit) 


Toward the end Id Museum became a memb« 

the University Kroadcas' ouncil, whid many 

and cultural i 

In this orgai • i with 

ich oth< em Vv .1 I'niver- 

ind thr Art InstitUU PUu 

 n. in oal br .bjects 

within the the Museum. 

T of the National 

Introduction 29 

Broadcasting Company. The broadcasting company is generously 
co-operating in the venture, making radio time available, and supply- 
ing the personnel and facilities for script writing and dramatic 

During the year lecturers from the Raymond Foundation co- 
operated with the Zenith Radio Corporation in staging some experi- 
mental broadcasts for radio and television. In the course of a series 
of six broadcasts, stereopticon slides were projected, Museum speci- 
mens were demonstrated and explained, and live reptiles were 
exhibited to the television audiences. It is felt that these experiments 
will be of great value in determining the possibilities of television as 
a medium of instruction, as well as in developing the technique of 
this medium of disseminating information. 

The James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for 
Public School and Children's Lectures co-operated, as in 1938, with 
the Public School Broadcasting Council by arranging special pro- 
grams at the Museum as "follow-ups" to the Council's science radio 
programs. Informal meetings were held in the lecture hall for 
representative pupils selected from the upper grades of many schools. 
At these gatherings, slides were shown, specimens were made avail- 
able for study, and Museum methods were demonstrated. The 
groups were also conducted on tours of exhibits, and mimeographed 
sheets containing text and drawings pertaining to the subjects dis- 
cussed were distributed to them. 

In June the Museum participated in a conference on industrial 
recreation sponsored by University College of Northwestern Uni- 
versity, with the co-operation of the Adult Education Council and 
numerous other organizations interested in the better use of leisure 
time. A special exhibit outlining the activities of the Museum was 
displayed, and Mr. Loren P. Woods, of the Raymond Foundation 
staff, was in attendance to give further information to the delegates. 

Field Museum was represented in exhibits at the New York 
World's Fair and at the Golden Gate International Exposition at 
San Francisco. To the New York Fair the Museum sent an Egyptian 
mummy which was used in an exhibit of the General Electric X-ray 
Corporation to demonstrate the application of the fluoroscope in 
scientific research. An elaborate installation was arranged whereby 
visitors were enabled alternately to view the mummy's exterior and 
then, through the fluoroscope, its interior. Field Museum was 
invited to participate because of the pioneer work conducted at 
this institution over a period of several years, beginning in 1925, in 

Field Museum Histom Ri . Vol. L2 

iping and applying »uocejwfull> e f or X-ray phot 

raphy i>n mummies types of hi not pi 

idied in this mannei which credit was 
gives the Museum for r 

irding tally k< ompai 

and it resulted in nation-wide pub th< 3 in Prancisoo • 

Lion the Museum was r cpro si »n of ethnol 

ob imatra, the Cook Islands, 

tuth Pacific islands. These in 
the • '. '■ ine a 

Field Museun !• »nvr I 

during 1'' Ecasiona men f European royal houses 

. Their R03 al H rown Pri: 

FYederik and Princess [ngrid, mark. 

tution. Th< Mr. Reimund Baumann, the 

Danish Consul. On d Higl IrownPrii iv, 

Norway, wasa visitor tm. With the Princecame Mr. 

urd M il of Noro i taiong the other distinguisl  

of the Mowing: Mr. RusseJl Plimpton. 

I>: t. Minneapolis; Mr. Paul Frank. 

the N il Park Servi ' /ion National Park, Utah; Mr. 

Michael York City; Dr. Paul Ganz, a prof* 

the LJnivi in Switzerland, and Presi 

national Commission on the ! olonel Richard Meii 

hagen, noted British ornithologist; Professor K. N. Trai 
of the Department of Botany, Ohio ild 

Sin ntal Art at the National M ickholm, 

en; I »- R A I-'alla. Director of the Canterbury Museum, 
Christchurch, New Zealand; I >r. v. ing Dii 

D.I : Mr. I.- ne 

the on k Tierpark, «»f Stiller 

Dr. Normal iseett, Cui barium of the Universe 

n; Mr. T. A. Monms Lorofthi an Institut 

York; Mr. 'I of 

th- Mr I. I> Bcstall, Director of the 

Hawki im, Napier. N< a /•aland; Ml 

N 1 e Roost 

the 1 and I 

and Duchea Sutherla f London; I »r. 
Oman S. BuOocl 1. Chile; I rtiington, 

I> I authority on willows; Mrs. M. Quennell. Hon. A.R.I.B.A., 

Introduction 31 

who is the Director of the Geffrye Historical Museum, in London, 
England; William J. Morden, Associate in the Department of 
Mammals at the American Museum of Natural History, New York; 
Lieutenant Colonel J. H. Patterson, of the British Army (retired), 
who shot the man-eating lions of Tsavo now exhibited in Field 
Museum, and is author of an interesting book about these famous 
marauders; Dr. Robert Allen Cooley, well-known entomologist 
specializing in ticks at the Rocky Mountain Laboratory, Hamilton, 
Montana; Mr. J. B. Kinlock, of the Department of Forestry of 
British Honduras; Mr. Charles R. Knight, of New York, the artist 
who painted the series of prehistoric life murals in Ernest R. Graham 
Hall of Field Museum; Mr. Newton B. Drury, Secretary of the Save- 
the-Redwoods League, of California; Dr. Hu Chao-chun, Director, 
City Museum of Greater Shanghai, China; Mr. Herbert N. Hale, 
Museum Director of the Public Library, Museum, and Art Gallery 
of South Australia, at Adelaide; Mr. Chauncey J. Hamlin, President 
of the Buffalo Museum of Science; Mr. Victor Fisher, Ethnologist of 
the Auckland (New Zealand) Museum; Dr. Herbert Friedmann, 
Curator of Birds at the United States National Museum, and 
President of the American Ornithologists' Union; Dr. D. Rubin de 
la Borbolla, Director, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, 
Mexico; Dr. T. H. Goodspeed, Professor of Botany at the University 
of California; Dr. Frank D. Kern, of Pennsylvania State College, 
who is one of the foremost specialists on fungi; Mrs. Gertrude Bass 
Warner, Director of the University of Oregon Museum of Fine Arts, 
Eugene, Oregon; Professor V. Gordon Childe, noted anthropologist 
of the University of Edinburgh, Scotland; Mr. William H. Phelps, 
ornithologist, of Caracas, Venezuela; Dr. G. T. Velasquez, Professor 
of Botany, University of the Philippines, Manila; Mr. Lloyd Weaver, 
of the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 
and the Department of Botany, Columbia University, New York; 
Mrs. Oscar Straus, of New York, who sponsored the Straus West 
African Expedition of Field Museum in 1934; Miss Florence Guggen- 
heim Straus, who accompanied Mrs. Straus; Mr. Stewart Springer, 
of the Bass Biological Laboratories, Englewood, Florida; Mr. 
Theodore Sizer, Associate Director, Gallery of Fine Arts, Yale 
University; Professor C. N. Gould, of Santa Fe, New Mexico, head 
of the Southwest Division of the United States National Park 
Service; Mrs. V. Goschen-de Watteville, of Berne, Switzerland, who 
with her father conducted an expedition to central Africa which 
resulted in extremely important zoological collections for the Natural 
History Museum of Berne; Miss Martha van Bomberghen of Brus- 

Field Musei m oi N il Hk rom Hi 12 

•els. me: de I n of th< *itut i ies 

Uaut< ( 'him of th- tudes 

Or es, and Editor of V Idiqut*: Dr. 

E J. Lindgn ell-known an thropo e Univ( 

and Honorary Editor of Man; Mr Penfold, Cu 

Domic Chemist «>f the Sydney Technological Museum i 
Mr. S. k<>; ry of the Java In for Promotj 

J.! ind < 'ulturc, I >ir»-.-t.»r of the 

and S 3chooJ for .1 

Herman Johani m, Director of th< ional Herbarium, I • 

Netherlands; Dr. Levi W. Mengel, D of the Public 

Museum and Art Gallery <>f Reading, Pennsyl I'r V. M. 

Pag&n, head of tl partment of Botany, I'r. 

Rico; I'r Maximini) Martin*'/., nob 

formerly on the staff of the National Museum 

.. of the Missouri Botanical G ; Dr. Ralph Linton. 

rlyon the staff of this institution's Depart) 

now chairman of the I :nent of .'• d Columl 

I >r. T. H. K f the Department ricultui 

Washington; Dr. Sermon C. Bumpus, no;. . •. former 

the American Museum of Natural History, New York, 

and now Chairman of the Edu Dal A: rd, National 

Dr. D iham. well-known arena- .nd 

DOlogist, and a professor at tl I < "hina Cnion I'niv- 

hwan; I'r na H 

kins I'm 'or of Mr. 

Roos evel t, of Hollywood, California: Mr. A. all, 

D of (}.• Barbai difornia Museum of Natural 

Hi Dr. Edson S. Bastin, Chairman of the i ent of 

and Paleontolofl 'he University of Chi Professor 

Moholy-Nagy, Di of t: <h>i of Design, . : Mr. 

David Roc who onomic stud the Cni- 


Tl School of 1 tly drawing 

upon the facilil <1 Museum. In the following classes of the 

pr ■!. problen which nature*: "CD 

rk in Field M n: History of Art I; H til; Pattern 

Design; Com] n and I: b; Drawing I introductory 

In 1939, five different sections in tl* Junior Depart- 

ment class- children worked in groups under instructors' 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. 12, Plate 3 



Near Reserve, New Mexico 
Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to New Mexico, 1939 

MVBM1 •'•W3 


Introduction 33 

supervision in Field Museum as a part of the regular curriculum. 
Needless to say, this Museum is delighted to co-operate with its 
neighbor institution. 

New, improved uniforms for the Museum guard force were 
adopted during the year. Comfort, coolness, and better appearance 
are emphasized in the new type. The high military collar, which 
was a feature of every uniform worn since the founding of the Mu- 
seum, was discarded in favor of the open lapel collar. The color 
was changed from the severe military olive drab to blues of harmoniz- 
ing shades for coat and trousers. Gold buttons and braid complete 
the ensemble. During the summer, the caps are topped in white. 

During the course of the year Field Museum signed a contract 
under which it supplies the necessary steam for heating the new 
Administration Building of the Chicago Park District, located 
immediately south of the Museum. This contract is, in fact, an 
additional esthetic contribution to Chicago inasmuch as it makes 
unnecessary the erection of another heating plant on the lake front 
with an additional smokestack on Chicago's horizon. The heating 
of the John G. Shedd Aquarium, another neighboring institution, 
and the stadium in Soldier Field, has been taken care of in similar 
fashion since their erection some years ago. Temporary heating 
service to the Administration Building was begun on February 8, 
while it was still in the process of construction. The Museum 
furnished 7,481,505 pounds of steam to that building, as well as 
13,003,488 pounds to the Aquarium, and 13,432,523 pounds to 
Soldier Field. 

Several new appointments to the staff of the Museum were 
made during 1939 : 

Mr. Bryant Mather joined the staff as Assistant Curator of 
Mineralogy. He is a graduate of the Johns Hopkins University, 
where he studied under some of the outstanding authorities of the 
mineralogical world. Prior to coming to the Museum, he was 
engaged in mineralogical work for the United States Geological 
Survey and the National Park Service, and served for a time as 
Curator of Mineralogy in the Museum of the Natural History 
Society of Maryland, at Baltimore. 

Mr. Henry Herpers, a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, was appointed Assistant Curator of Geology. He 
has specialized in chemistry, and much of his time will be devoted 
to the chemical laboratory in the Museum's Department of Geology. 

ii III- 

M R Shoubt 

in' i. 

Dr. 1 wn in 
tl circles 

is which. as has }>• im 

m of the Museum in nt- 

mt Research Aao n the 

Division <»f I'.irds. I -earrh ujnm thess 

bir portion of 
during th< 


n in Hawaii. 


irlier in I Th 

ired are: Miss M 

•I and 
drei s 1/ H'w- .!. '. .nd 

Anthrop Mr. Thomas 

Mason, of the Division nd Mr. \ 

preparator in t  M rnell ha-i j<>i:  

th< and \ 

L'nder her sup* in 

ha<l l> rig under th' 

th»- late ! incumbent I irator, 1 

Martm Mr. Mason . Engineer in 

in- I » ■.••:■ 

in J »n Park, Mr " ng up 

and reap plant 

n in the I >r 
»ed his eiph" he 

i. Mr Legaull Museum in ma 

he served in the N. \ 

J had been cl of the 

Mr. A. J. Thoi an of the Fin I t in the - 

building, and more : ' ;ie 

Introduction 35 

Museum, was placed on the pension roll, effective from January 1, 
1939. He had been a Museum employee since 1894. 

Mr. David Gustafson, who came to Field Museum in October, 
1937, to assist in editorial work and proofreading on Parts I and 
II of A Bibliography of Birds, terminated his temporary employment 
at the Museum on December 31, by virtue of the completion and 
publication of the two volumes. 

As for several years past, the Museum was indebted for assistance 
in its work of research and in various other activities by a loyal 
group of volunteer workers. The names of these men and women, 
whose services have been of inestimable value, will be found in the 
List of the Staff at the beginning of this book. They are designated 
by the titles "Research Associate" and "Associate," which dis- 
tinguish them from salaried members. An exception is the title 
"The Layman Lecturer," held by Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, who also 
serves without compensation. Among these volunteers, Miss Claire 
K. Xemec, who was Associate in the Division of Lower Invertebrates, 
discontinued her work upon her marriage during the year. 

Notable progress was made in the biological research project 
being conducted on the giant panda as a result of the receipt of the 
first complete carcass available for scientific dissection. The speci- 
men in question, which came from the Chicago Zoological Society, 
and was known as "Su-lin" during its life at that society's zoological 
park at Brookfield, Illinois, is being thoroughly studied by Mr. D. 
Dwight Davis, Assistant Curator of Anatomy and Osteology. An 
interesting development during the year was the discovery that this 
panda, which from all external indications during its life had been 
thought to be a female, was actually a male. It was thus learned 
that giant pandas should be included among those several kinds of 
animals known to zoologists in which the evidences of sex are so 
concealed that it is difficult to distinguish males from females by 
external examination only. 

From an experiment conducted at Field Museum in 1938, there 
was a further interesting development in 1939. The pink lotus plant 
of the Orient (Nelumbium Nelumbo), which, as reported in the previ- 
ous year, was germinated in the laboratories of the Department of 
Botany from one of some ancient seeds which had lain dormant for 
a period estimated between 300 and 500 years, continued to grow, 
and in the spring of 1939 it reached full blossom with the appearance 
of several large pink flowers characteristic of the species. This 

!"in • \i. Hi- L2 

red at tl Park, to which the plant 

• •! f<»r fur" 

'"rum t (I Museum, of .in 

Russian Poland n II in 1868 »r- 

in a pi finite 

know md the uni- 

Dr. .tff 

the Mas. bridge, and 

his colleagues in the i c. 

and Mi- these in 

irr.  lio- 

Is. The 

Museum recently p rt of thi 

Mr. Col; immal 'inted 

.1 Felloe of ' in Sin nhcim Foundation in * :njj of 

''nun i e in March. 


urn Natural II. a 

conomic n n of tl • . this 

idy, Mi linburgh, im, 

•<1 Pai Tv. '1 collecting 

rial f<>r t h- mpleted dur- 


Mr. I . n Williai y. on leave 

Dr. Henry 1 in 

during tl> on a 

jounh from l ss the uelan 

r and Much of this 

^ri|> was in hich had been 

ry little expl Mr. Willia impani< 

Front >n. 

I h i«! -I Ri • in W< • ehnoloj 

im, and Profess Products at 

Vale I V. :' the uni *>1 of 

Forestry, 'nal fa tribir hiph 


t: r Taj in W. M ithor and publi f a 

. ■' inch a] :urin$i 

mateurs who wish to mount hir 

mammals, t .-. ish to train 

themselv- n. 

Introduction 37 

A textbook on fungi, for upper elementary grade school pupils, 
by Mrs. Leota Gregory Thomas of the Raymond Foundation staff, 
was published during the year by the American Education Company, 
of Columbus, Ohio, under the title Seedless Plants. The book is of 
a type known as a "unit study book" and has found a ready accept- 
ance among many educators and school officials. 

Members of the staff of Field Museum visited other scientific 
institutions for special studies, attended a number of important 
meetings held by various learned societies, and frequently were guest 
speakers before various organizations, or on radio programs. Mr. 
Sharat K. Roy, Curator of Geology, visited leading museums and 
universities in the east to check the results of his research on the 
paleontology of Baffin Land with the work of other paleontologists. 
On August 18 he gave a radio talk on meteorites over station WCFL. 
Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, Curator of Birds, attended the annual meet- 
ing of the American Ornithologists' Union, held at Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia, in June. He is treasurer of the organization, and business 
manager of its quarterly journal, The Auk. Later in the year, Mr. 
Boulton spent several weeks at the American Museum of Natural 
History, New York, in special research on the collections of birds 
from Angola (Portuguese West Africa). At the request of the 
Editors of The 1939 Britannica Book of the Year, an annual volume 
issued by the publishers of The Encyclopedia Britannica, Dr. Wilfred 
H. Osgood, Chief Curator of the Department of Zoology, 
prepared the section devoted to reviewing the accomplishments 
of natural history museums all over the world. Dr. Paul S. 
Martin, Chief Curator of the Department of Anthropology, attended 
the meeting held at Ann Arbor, Michigan, in May, of the American 
Anthropological Society (Central Section). He was elected First 
Vice-President. Dr. Henry Field, Curator of Physical Anthropology, 
presented a paper on "Ancient and Modern Inhabitants of Iran" 
before the meeting of the Anthropology Section of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, at Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin, on June 21. He also spent several weeks at Harvard Uni- 
versity in special research in connection with data required for a 
publication on the physical anthropology of Iraq. Dr. Field also 
made a number of appearances on the radio and the lecture platform. 
Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower Invertebrates, presented a series of 
ten lectures under the general title "The Biologist Looks at Human 
Life," before the Jewish People's Institute, Chicago. Mr. Bryan 
Patterson, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, visited museums at 

eld M m of Natural History Rbpo .••!.. L2 

Pil [h, Mew York, Princeton, and Washington, to make studies 

their collections of pa ammals, this work ling from 

i December into the early wti im 

in Pittsburgh 1 • innual meeting of I 

brate section of tin- Paleontological Mr. i 

Martin Wilbur, Curator of Chii 

ury of • ican Friends of China. Chicago He 

. • -miliar OD "Miwum Wot innell 

wa, and ma rious lecture ap] I »r. Julian 

A rmark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, tppointed 

r»- of Field Museum to tin* Coi on Council of 

Chicago, an 01 ition d preservation of natural 

He a before various or Mr. 

R. Blaki int Curator of Birds, was honored by i >n 

full membership in the American Ornithologists' I'nion. He 
jiit-nt audit-- if various kinds, and on radio 

programs. Mr. I». Dwighl Davi in! Curator my 

and Osteology, pn dentific paper l n% of 

the American Society of Mamma! ton Rouge, Loui 

on April 1. Mr. Bryant Mather, Assistant Curator of Miner- 
alogy, presented a paper 1- ention of the Rocks and 

Minerals ' iation held al Peekskill, New Vork, on June 17. He 
i junior member of the American Instil Mining and 

Metallurgical Bngii and u en an honorary appointment as 

1 iral - in the Departmenl of Mineralogy, Natural 
Hi of Maryland, at Baltimore. Mr. Mather and Mr. 

Henry H< tant Curator of Geology, in Deceml 

the meetings at Minneapolis <>f tl logical Society of An • 

Mineralogical S America, momic G< 

and other kindred or /ions. Mr. Mather at 

Johns Hopkins Uni md made several 

Mr I Clifford C. Gregg, D 

r Edward J. Kelly of < Chicago to membership on th« 

Recreation Commission. The Director eaker before 

numi-r r e s en ted the Museum at various 

confi 4 civic - municipa] officials, i Among other 

and a  ireri 
variou , or on the radio. Mr. Karl 1'. 

Schmidt, Curator of Amphibi Mr. John K. Millar, 

Cur . M. W. Public School Ext 

dern J. AJbrecht; I>r. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of Afri 

Ethnoli Taxidermist John W. M I Tax 

Introduction 39 

mist W. E. Eigsti. All the lecturers on the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Foundation staff were frequently called upon for 
lectures before special audiences outside the scope of their regular 
duties. Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer, made a number 
of platform appearances before outside audiences, bringing to them 
much of the Museum information which he conveys to his regular 
Sunday afternoon audiences at the Museum. 

In this Report it is my desire to express my thanks to the Board 
of Trustees for their loyal and hearty co-operation in the many 
projects which I have presented to them with my requests for aid 
and support. It is also my desire to record my sincere appreciation 
to the members of the staff of the Museum who have so loyally 
carried on their various duties during the year and during the many 
years preceding it. Too often these loyal workers are simply taken 
for granted. Many duties of profound value are performed by 
dependable and careful workers whose names do not appear in 
headlines, but on whose accomplishments the success and reputation 
of the Museum depend. 

Continuing their services of the past several years, men and 
women from the Works Progress Administration have taken an active 
part in almost all phases of the activities of Field Museum, and have 
added greatly to the accomplishments of the institution. More than 
262,000 hours of work were done by a force of from 125 to 219 
persons. The services of perhaps 80 per cent of these workers were 
interrupted during the year in conformity with the Act of Congress 
which automatically terminated the services of any worker on WPA 
after eighteen continuous months of such employment. While many 
workers laid off under this authority have been reassigned to the 
project after periods varying from thirty to ninety days, several 
of those formerly assigned to Field Museum have found places in 
private employment. The purpose of the layoff after eighteen 
months of continuous service is defined by the sponsors of the act as 
a deterrent to the establishment of "careers in the WPA," and to 
the extent that it has been successful, it has been justified. The 
effect on Field Museum has been to retard the completion of certain 
projects, and to make administration somewhat more difficult. In 
spite of these handicaps, however, the value of the work done under 
WPA continues to be an important factor in the accomplishments of 
the Museum. 

The number of persons to whom meals were served in the Museum 
Cafeteria during 1939 is 97,543. In addition, 63,311 used the rooms 

40 ! ; m op N  Hisroin Ell L2 

f<>r child] n him To 


hoi es, soft drill • crean ere fu* I from a 

h coui tor. in these 

.ill wh - "f « 

purchase anything from the lui ter. 

Tl n- 

the M i buildinj • nt. 

princi] forcee working 

unt i rit : 

"built-in" eaiea and along tin nd 

I {.ill ( ). which is in j>p 

M, • .v hall •'•er 

in- nd grille! installed in 

this hall. nil th< :i cases weral 

properly pla f the hall to the public in Ma 

Two cases in Hall 20 Hall of Bird I, trimmed and 

• i for tl f habitat groups <>f the rb muse. 

ew lii!' ed with fl litfht tut nd 

all caaea u Hall 21 »n of birdsi. 

two ! built-in" ca» each 

\V. Harris Hall Hall >n the fourth 

•r. an mi in t tion was parti ti ed 

form and workshop for the Bird Taxidermist. In 

th< ridern .nd 

re] third fl 

wii ross Room rti- 

ision of Bird all 

>f e^ps; nin» -1 stora^*' 

ses we: ghty pair ne 

di usly installer!. In 

the bird and mamm ISCS, 1,1 . and o**> half- 

- work ell 

ur rmerly the bird I -p» 


mural pain' icd and hunjr in Hall 26| 

the Departmenl ny. The case for the Illinois wild flower 

up in the Hall of IMar Hall. immed and pla7- 

In the I ir feet wide, were 

altered to matrh other cases in I aham Hall Hall : 

Introduction 41 

and four new cases were constructed for use in the same hall. Two 
smaller cases formerly used in Hall 38 were refitted to replace certain 
cases in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37). On the third floor a 
new office was provided for the Assistant Curator of Paleontology 
by reconstruction of part of an area formerly occupied by the stor- 
age room of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension. Two offices, 
for the Assistant Curator of Mineralogy and the Assistant Curator 
of Geology, were decorated and equipped. A large map case was 
made for the filing of maps, and various other tasks were per- 
formed in exhibition halls and offices of this Department. 

Among services performed for the Department of Anthropology 
was the completion of six wall cases for the exhibition of archaeo- 
logical material from Kish, in Hall K. An additional plaster arch 
was installed in the soffit of the entrance to Hall K from Hall L. 
In Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A) a central floor case was built for 
an exhibit of food bowls, and four "built-in" cases (two at the north, 
and two at the south end) were constructed to house exhibits of very 
tall Melanesian ancestral figures and wooden drums carved from 
tree-trunks. For the office of the Curator of Chinese Archaeology 
and Ethnology, a large double-sided book stack was built. 

The third floor storage room of the N. W. Harris Public School 
Extension was replaced by provision of space in the south central 
portion of the ground floor, and racks and work tables were built and 
installed in this location. The change effected more efficient handling 
and storing of more than 1,100 Harris cases, which are continually 
going out to, and returning from, some four hundred schools on the 
Department's motor trucks. Eight small carrying cases were made 
for a new type of exhibit being sent out by the Harris Extension, and 
numerous other tasks were performed for this Department. 

In the Library six mahogany cases were built for the filing of 
maps, and a special mahogany case was constructed to provide safe- 
keeping for the Museum's collection of extremely rare books which 
could not receive adequate care in the general book stacks. 

Space on the third floor formerly occupied by the Harris Exten- 
sion was divided into five rooms which were assigned as a workroom 
for the Library's bookbinder, studios for the Staff Artist and Staff 
Illustrator, the already mentioned new office for the Assistant Curator 
of Paleontology, and an additional room for the use of the Depart- 
ment of Geology. 

Dispatch and receiving counters, and storage cabinets, were 
built and installed in the Purchasing Agent's office. At the North 

\i Hi L2 

fn>r in the Bool and behind the admi 

ticket ami checking l< 

In tin- James Simpson Theatr uphol md all 

uum " with a n» 

of mothproofing solution. For the pr »n of motion pictun 

motor-o] was purchased and instal 

e upho : furniture in the D 
Filing cabinet e l>uilt for use in three of ti 
tch boi made for I 
The '■ "ii tli> »unds 

were repaired, repainted, and resei . • •■ adn he 

north and south entrancei d and in gol< 

m found necessa tely tl • :«-n 

girders and heavy oak flooring of the large pit idp 

of the building. An< proporti 'he 

and rep rit of windov t n«l frames on the 

iond, third, and fourth floors. Such work was done on 1 < m > windows, 

and for the pur] ^press F whicl mt to 

Many joints in tl nor marble facing of the building were 

.nd tuckpointed, and • tired. 

Tl ent «>f this work is indie;. the fact tl, mtinued 

from May to the middle of nly those places most 

urgently in need of repair w nded to, it will I essary to 

rk in 1940 on other pi the building. 'to 

program also rails for completion of the .auling of th< .ce 

I an<l balustrades. 

A major pi en was the repl ■•n- 

j and roof throughout the building. Thi 

begun in Febru eduled for early in 

wrought -iron 
I)i[>«->. and the h< high-gra<: 

.1 workmanship, gives 
assur •' ai pennant i troubk is it is 

• in. 
Two tar. lilt for tho trur"' • • 

scrubbing. Tl tho ground floor 

ith a i of flo prevent the eonrrete 

BUT from flaking into dust. New wash uniform- provided 

for the janitorial for 

Introduction 43 

A large amount of painting, washing, and starching of walls and 
ceilings throughout the building was done. Included in sections 
receiving this treatment were the shipping room area, freight elevator 
shaft, the rooms of the Staff Artist and Staff Illustrator, the Library 
workroom, the President's suite, the new bird taxidermy shop, the 
office suite of the Chief Curator of Anthropology, several other 
offices and workrooms, parts of nineteen exhibition halls, the east 
and west bridges on the second floor, the vista arches on the first 
floor, and the walls of the lunchroom. The floor of Room 39 was 
thoroughly cleaned and sealed. The wall-washing project formerly 
carried on by WPA workers was reduced early in the year, and 
abandoned August 18. 

The Chief Engineer and the men working under his supervision 
completed much important work during the year. Some of the more 
important tasks are outlined in the following summary : 

A large amount of electrical installation was performed. The 
new Harris Extension storage room on the ground floor was wired, 
and seventeen drop cords and two outlets for electrical tools were 
installed. Four fluorescent lights were installed over work benches 
for use in inspections of cases, and 125 feet of air pipe were installed 
for cleaning cases with air pressure. The room on the fourth floor, 
converted for use by the Bird Taxidermist, was rewired, and fluores- 
cent lighting was installed. Sixty-five new outlets and drop cords 
were installed throughout the third floor to improve lighting in work- 
rooms and offices. Two large flood lights were purchased and 
mounted on the north porch for night lighting. In H. N. Higin- 
botham Hall (Hall 31, Gems and Jewels) the lights were lowered 
three feet to improve illumination over the cases. Lighting fixtures 
on the ground floor were cleaned. Halls 21, M, and were com- 
pletely rewired, and fluorescent lights were installed in the cases. 
In Halls K, 16, 17, 20, 22, and 30 (Kish archaeology, North American 
mammal habitat groups, Asiatic mammal groups, bird habitat 
groups, African mammal habitat groups, and Chinese jades) the old 
Mazda lighting was removed and fluorescent lighting installed. One 
case in Hall B (North American archaeology), and one in Hall 29 
(Plant Life), were also equipped with fluorescent lights. Part of 
Room 99 on the third floor was equipped with fluorescent lighting 
for use in matching colors on case accessories. Altogether, 1,021 units 
of fluorescent lighting were installed during the year. The old ceiling 
fixtures removed from Halls and 21 were sold for salvage. 

Two insecticide cabinets built by the Department of Botany 
were wired for automatically controlled heat. The band saw in the 

II l'ni : ' L2 

I >epart: 

ircular w* i the] >epartn 

Of /.«H. 

Plumbing and ' 'a new 

drain t :d lint-s for I >ld w.v gat, from the 

third fl A 

sink and gas ling 

of an area formerly occu] e Han hird 

e ne ccaaa r 
sink, and two la .:»*s made in - D6O0M1 

I .. i .-am 

radi led in 1 1 I, 15 

ei and work: 
pun . and installed on the Bteam i ;ng the southeast 

of th»> build 
In the I I '• saw for cutting meteorite* 

was as.- I, and ind drilled for it A 

mad*- of brass tubing for use on an  the ] :ient of 

In tin- I :inting, new friction pull« sea 

and installed <>n the job ; the stitching 

erhauled, and i for 


All four b lined. A n» . ve 

purchased, and installed on 1 • 1 boiler. The old circulating 

od No. 1 i .vith 
tubes. The tub 

and the old : with nev. 

hauled, and new grate linl i where needed. 

died in all f 

removed, n 

lUghly iss lin» on the N I 

and The feed pump 

on the No. I r was dwnanf!- .Med; 

that on th< : ehangi 

imp* pump i erhauled; new impellers 

: on the No. 1 hou ind the vacuum pumps 

Th< : con - aired. Vive new 

nee. Two 

Department of Anthropology 45 

new worm screws were also installed, as were new guide rails, a new 
chute, and several new sheets. Forty new buckets were made, and 
new cotter pins were placed in the roller chain. 

A new furnace pipe was installed on the hot water heater. 

The motor on the fire pump was overhauled, and a new relief 
valve was installed on the high-pressure tank to comply with a 
suggestion made by the insurance inspector. 

A grade of coal different from that burned in the past was tested 
and found satisfactory. Its use thereafter resulted in a considerable 
saving in fuel cost. 

Reports in detail of the year's activities in each of the Museum's 
Departments and Divisions will be found in the pages which follow: 



The Field Museum Archaeological Expedition to the Southwest, 
again generously financed by President Stanley Field, spent four 
months (June to October) in a new field, transferring its activities 
for 1939 to New Mexico, instead of Colorado, where it had conducted 
excavations in previous seasons. This expedition was the most 
important archaeological task in the New World ever undertaken 
by Field Museum, and it resulted in what is probably one of the 
three most important excavations that have been made in the 
Southwest in the past twenty years. 

The expedition, which was successful from every point of view, 
was directed by the Chief Curator of Anthropology, Dr. Paul S. 
Martin. He was assisted by Messrs. Joseph Weckler, John Rinaldo, 
and Robert Yule, Mrs. Frances Weckler, and Miss Marjorie Kelly. 
Mr. Weckler was the surveyor and helped direct the excavations. 
Mr. Rinaldo, Associate in Southwestern Archaeology on the Mu- 
seum staff, again took charge of the excavated pottery and the stone 
and bone implements. All photographs were taken by Mr. Robert 
Yule, Assistant in Archaeology. Mrs. Weckler acted as secretary 
to the expedition and assisted in excavating burials. Miss Kelly, 
on the Museum staff as Associate in Southwestern Archaeology, 
was in charge of all skeletal materials, and assisted Mr. Rinaldo 
in classifying and counting the potsherds. 

To elucidate and justify the statement concerning the extreme 
importance of this expedition's accomplishments, the following 
explanation is offered: 

LY Rj 12 

', ' 

; --Id 
Museum has contribul 

Rep <ru 

time after VXU) thi 'u- 

,  . 

med 1 1 !a Pui 

olo ;ie 

About liWti th< ilo undertook n« 

in western New 
It .-in h ;i third 

in th< ly, th- I ; . the 

village ill in a >ut 

\.i - B) that tin M cultu 

from tl.. n to the 1 orth, 

an< okam eultui 

these e," or un- 

mi •• .in working M . 

with th< by the Gila 

Puebl It that th- ollon 

hybrid of the ! 
■A branch of thi 

I >r. Martin. finishing his P O S Cfl itl •■•.- • rn 

in 19 - ere 

irr erested in thi 

m in t I o|!.»n country in N f ewM in 

the fall of I- 
the sherd colli 

of niles sou ill 

hem c nly three types all plain t 

[| teemed likely t' nd pun 

might pot throw light on the 

Pern these ional 1 

m the I >i vision of F the T "nit • 

Department of Agriculture, Dr. Martina; mts 

buildii ' rough lumber, in.. 

Department of Anthropology 47 

much as it was impossible to make other camping arrangements in 
the forest. 

The excavations were conducted entirely at one village, which 
was located on a low ridge. Seven pit-houses (out of a total of forty 
or more) and one surface room were cleared, and many long trenches 
were dug. The pit-houses were scattered without order along the 
top of the ridge, and proved to be difficult to excavate because the 
ground consisted of compact glacial gravels. Each pit-house differed 
from the others in certain details; but in general it may be said 
that each was about three feet deep and fifteen feet in diameter, 
and each was provided with an eastern entrance-way and had one 
or more rather deep and large pits sunk in the floor (Plate 3). 
These pits were probably used for cooking purposes, although 
they might also have served as storage or burial pits. One pit- 
house was very large (thirty-seven feet in diameter). Inasmuch 
as post-holes were found in all houses, it is assumed that all were 
roofed. Burned posts were recovered from a few of these post- 
holes, treated with paraffin, and shipped to the tree-ring laboratory 
at Gila Pueblo for study and dating. In all, twenty-five burials 
were recovered. It sometimes required from two to four days to 
excavate completely a single skeleton, because of the great care 
it was necessary to exercise in this work. In a few instances shell 
bracelets and stone pipes were found associated with burials, but 
never pottery. 

This very important skeletal material is now being repaired and 
restored by Miss Kelly. It is hoped from this study to learn what 
racial subdivision of the Mongoloid stock was responsible for the 
Mogollon culture. 

The pottery consisted of three types: a plain, polished brown 
ware; a rough, unpolished brown ware; and a polished red ware. 
This pottery is wholly and entirely unlike any from the Basket 
Maker-Pueblo or Hohokam cultures. About 15,000 sherds were 
recovered, from which fifteen or twenty whole vessels will be re- 
covered. This pottery is of extreme value because it probably 
represents some of the earliest, if not the earliest, pottery of North 

Stone and bone tools were numerous. Two hundred stone and 
twenty-five bone implements were recovered. In addition there 
were found a number of tiny turquoise beads, a carved stone fetish, 
and five or six delicate shell bracelets. The shell from which these 
bracelets were manufactured came from the Gulf of California, 

Iiii 12 

 t . Tl • 

will be 
publi . • imporJ 

thai tl  . . 

timilar in> 
im cultures It 

to a^H 


: the 

of tl ni< «ti ;  <1 studied with the 

rid cull eralj 

nch of the Ba inifestai 

iltural • in th< 


I 1 >f Physical Anthroj ;>ent mofl 

of his time ii He COmpl< 

tirst ; and in 

tinm the I . . and 

' Field 

. including 
Aeeo the 

nd the A 
1 public he lectun »n <»ne 

of I the l Columbia P.r ing 

I »r. Wilfrid 1 ». 1: rn- 

■• hich was <m the 
iamld;. isedV 

. their • and 

n what i 
1. In addition, all Afri 
een sorted I 

ue ma 

ield Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. 12, Plate 4 


Nine pieces of fifteenth century bronze movable type cast in Korea. The background illustrates 

another kind of printing — a page-size wood block, in which characters are carved 

All characters are in reverse 

Bronze type presented to the Museum by Mr Thomas E. Donnelley 

Department of Anthropology 49 

Dr. Albert B. Lewis, Curator of Melanesian Ethnology, spent 
the whole year supervising the sorting, cleaning, rearranging, and 
recording of the large storage collections in his charge. These were 
housed in four rooms, and were extensive enough to require the 
constant help of three WPA assistants. Dr. Lewis also visited 
Buffalo, New York, to arrange an exchange which brought to the 
Museum a number of rare old Melanesian specimens. 

Mr. Richard A. Martin, Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology, 
spent all of 1939 in research and in cataloguing the hundreds of 
specimens from ancient Kish. These he arranged for exhibition 
in Hall K. In all, thirteen cases of this material have been installed 
this year under Curator Martin's direction. 

The Curator of Chinese Archaeology and Ethnology, Mr. 
C. Martin Wilbur, devoted much of his time to securing Chinese 
archaeological collections by gift, exchange, and purchase, in order 
to supplement the Museum's collections from sites or culture periods 
heretofore inadequately represented. The most notable of his results 
are listed in another part of this Report. Mr. Wilbur also has been 
working over plans for a future hall of Japanese archaeology and 
ethnology. Research on Chinese slavery in the Han period in 
China, and the writing of a book on that subject, were brought 
near to completion. 

During the greater part of the year, Mrs. Edna Horn Mandel, 
Associate, Chinese Collections, worked on a detailed catalogue of 
the collections of Chinese paintings, with a view to establishing more 
precise attributions to Ch'ing dynasty painters represented. She 
continued to give invaluable assistance in the study of other Chinese 
specimens, which must be periodically re-examined in the light of 
more recent archaeological knowledge. In order to improve her 
research technique, she spent part of her time at the University of 
Chicago, and Columbia University, studying history, anthropology, 
and the Chinese language. 

Mrs. Rose Miller, a volunteer working with Mr. Wilbur, is still 
engaged in the arrangement and cataloguing of more than 3,000 
Chinese rubbings of historical monuments, and this work, when 
finished, will be of great assistance. 

Two volunteer associates of Dr. Henry Field's also contributed 
much to the Museum. Mr. Peter Gerhard prepared the complete 
catalogue of the map collection in the Museum. This includes 
1,100 maps. He also prepared thirteen maps for inclusion in two of 

w History Ri 12 

with the rearrange* 

.1 in t! .n. 


Volui . Ill, 

I »r. I • X X. N 

'•' \lden 


: VollU tht 

I >r. T. I I 

i »n the preae a i of tl r, in addition to the 

mis! Dr. Hambly, Volum< The 

Pari 1.7 I  


Thirty 'the lis 

publications by the staff <>f the Department dur 
re furnished also for thirty-two !• 


The I tepartmenl 
during ^.••' > > < . , . '1 omprised 1,82£ .vhich 350 re- 

sulted from a Museun lition, 165 wen hanjre, 

I, and the remaining 1,0 
of these a ccess ions is a: Report (p. 120 . but 

J mention h- 

Many of the outstanding acces ■•••■. 

A fortunate pur • um a remarka ijuerec 

and m Ch'angsha in Hunan province 

probably dating from the fourth century B » . A beautiful I 
handled | early people living n« 

Tibetan bord< It remely faj 

is known, then no other like it in any American mu>cum 
purchases and gifts inclu< 

'nail bronze.- ; mp and Chou «. 
es. he: .'king in the collections; am 

small proi. t emb low-play figures 

frop ina. Mr. Then I >onnelley, of Chi aug 

mented the colle nting material by a gift of Bon* 

of the ear'. bronze movable type in teliev© 

date from the middle of the fifteenth century Plate 4 . 

Department of Anthropology 51 

In an exchange with the Buffalo Museum of Science some rare 
specimens were received for the Melanesian collection. Among 
them, two funerary Tridacna shell slabs are outstanding. 

By exchange with Logan Museum, of Beloit College in Wisconsin, 
the Department was enabled to represent in its exhibits and study 
collections certain important types of Southwestern Indian pottery, 
of which no specimens had been available heretofore. 

A very valuable addition to the Museum's European archaeo- 
logical collections was a gift from Mr. Alvan T. Marston, of London, 
England. It includes sixteen flint implements and one molar tooth 
of an elephant, all of which were found in association with the 
Swanscombe skull at Swanscombe, Kent, England. 

Mr. Thorne Donnelley, of Chicago, presented three fine drums 
from Haiti, which are now on display in Hall D (African Ethnology). 
The particular point of interest about these Haitian drums is their 
close resemblance to West African prototypes. They were used in 
Voodoo ceremonies and also in ordinary dances. 


Thirty-three of the forty-five new accessions were entered, as 
were portions of two others. 

Catalogue cards prepared during the year totaled 2,477. Of 
 these, 1,705 were entered. Since the opening of the first inventory 
book, the total number of catalogue cards entered is 218,995. 

Distribution of catalogue cards for the current year was as 
follows: North American archaeology and ethnology, 371; Central 
and South American, and Mexican archaeology and ethnology, 6; 
European and British archaeology, 273; Chinese, Japanese, Tibetan, 
and Korean archaeology and ethnology, 107; African ethnology, 38; 
Madagascar ethnology, 9; Near Eastern archaeology (Iraq, Baby- 
lonia, etc.), 817; Siamese ethnology, 6; Philippine ethnology, 4; 
Melanesian ethnology, 174; and physical anthropology, 672. 

For use in exhibition cases, 1,533 labels were supplied by the 
Division of Printing. These were distributed as follows: Stone Age 
of the Old World, 529; North American archaeology and ethnology, 
462; Malayan ethnology, 24; Near Eastern archaeology, 403; 
Chinese archaeology, 51; ethnology of the Philippine Islands, 18; 
Melanesian ethnology, 41; Hall of Man, 5. 

Additional photographs numbering 154 were mounted in the 
departmental albums. Four new albums were opened. A special 

under th< ^k was con tii 

Hall K. the \"< 

as, indudini 


Tl  by Mr. 1 -ank < 

assistanl . • • the W( 

Mr. T li< n the 

ailed in ! 
of particular r In il a Chi 

and virl. dressed in I 

school materials, -ise 

lecured thn 
rung-hsien, near !'• 
In Hall V 

It ii called "'I 

m< S tuthwestern 

Indian p 


A aae, fit un 

lo«I ir Frai < % es 

tyford Smith Hall iins wl 

lain pr e s e nted i T. Frances (*ay I nr 

lights which are 
  . . 

um iipht. 

n, in Hall D '. hnolofl 

i mask A new 
lomon ' was installed in .'  v . Field Hall 
Hall A . as well 

K to< mia ■' ■'.'.: i- • i during the 

The 'ass i? in all hal' 

th • --•.'">'. 

With th- "ATA collectionf 

Department of Botany 53 

were cleaned and rearranged. A skilled plaster worker repaired 
and reconstructed pottery from Melanesia and the southwestern 
United States, in addition to reconstructing the foundation for, and 
painting and installing, the Kish chariot group. 

Many photographs were expertly prepared for Chief Curator 
Martin's report on the 1938 Southwest expedition, and many more 
were made during the 1939 expedition. Preparation was begun also 
on maps and ground plans for inclusion in the 1939 report. 

Two volunteer associates have given invaluable help in South- 
western archaeology. Mr. John Rinaldo and Miss Marjorie Kelly, 
of the University of Chicago, continued their work on the material 
excavated by Dr. Martin in 1938. Both then joined the 1939 
expedition as volunteers in the field. Since their return, they have 
been engaged in restoration and research upon the 1939 material. 

The subject-geographical index of all the specimens in the 
Department is well under way. The largest section, that of North 
America, is finished in regard to the actual indexing, and its final 
typed form is approximately half complete. Already there have 
been many opportunities to prove its efficiency, even in its present 
incomplete state. 

All labels in exhibition cases have been checked for correctness, 
and the locations of all specimens in the storerooms so far worked 
over have been entered in the inventory books. 

A technical and editorial assistant worked most of the year on 
the extensive collections of Southwestern Indian pottery. These 
specimens have never been studied in the light of modern nomencla- 
ture and classification, and when this task has been completed, 
the results will be published. 



With funds supplied by Mr. Sewell L. Avery, a Trustee of the 
Museum, an expedition was conducted in Guatemala to gather 
material for a flora of that country now in preparation by Curator 
Paul C. Standley and Assistant Curator Julian A. Steyermark. 
The exploration was undertaken by Mr. Standley, who sailed from 
New Orleans November 16, 1938, arriving at Puerto Barrios on the 
north coast of Guatemala a few days later. He spent six months in 
the country, and returned to Chicago about the middle of May, 1939. 

During these months more than 30,000 herbarium specimens 
were obtained, representing 15,000 separate collections of plants. 


oment of ( iuatemala I ted 

automobile roads that reach aln .n- 

tr; U n. 

'I": • ilorati d Mr. Star, .at 

able ' nd colled in tw< of the ty-four depart- 


For about half the tin* mainta t the 

ancient and pictureaque <'i r ia, fom 

mala which wa rthquake more than 1 irs 

>. From thi in all i 

ns. principally to various parte of the highlands, na 

ranging from 4 y 000 rip was made to th< 

•i Gua ard the Salvador border, and ihon p* 

ma able an acquaint] itfa th- . of the Pacific coa 

Although long da 

had I' otanical coll< . hut was found to have 

a highly varied flora, notafa i>ine and oak, 

and a ety of ahowy-fli : plants of many families. 

Perhape no other region exhibits such a display of wild dahlia 

dy inferior to ordinary cult wild marigolds 

/ and other plants with brilliantly colo 

A month v | near Quezaltenango, at an altitude 

ah: 3,000 feel cultivation of wheat and 

maize, with miles of h • ntury plants that recall 

liar land Mtral Mi i. From Quezaltenango tn: 

to the bleak i rn mountains of Huehuetenanpo, 

whose flora is typically Mexican, and to the rich rain fore- 

• middle sloj • the mountains facing the 

I'a-iti much high-grad< -own. Other excursions 

through the peculiar mountains of the 1 in 

Ma which • with white volcanic sand that appears 

ewiy fallen snow. 1 
by pint-, oak, and alder forest, and the unfoldinp. brilliant jrreen I 

the all e the land earan< 

m tropical. At hiph elevations the:' :' tall 

• d fir. 

From Qu< . Mr. Stand' lay with an 

Indian guid< e of the hiph»-.-T and 

most famous voir ntral Am- 14,000 feel . 

which. her disappointing 

fior r the handsom* if pyramidal and column 







o . 


3 C 

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Department of Botany 55 

cypress (Cupressus Benthamii). He had collected previously on 
the middle and upper slopes of some of the central volcanoes— 
Pacaya, Agua, Fuego, and Acatenango. 

After leaving the Occidente, another month was passed about 
Coban, center of the coffee region of Alta Verapaz. This area, 
long celebrated for its varied flora, is noteworthy for its great 
forests of pine and sweet gum (Liquidambar) , and for its many 
orchids. One of these, the monja blanca or white nun (an albino 
form of Lycaste Skinneri), is the national flower of Guatemala. 

Later, small collections were made in the vicinity of Zacapa 
and Chiquimula, a semi-desert area with many treelike cacti. Several 
weeks were spent finally on the north coast, the principal banana- 
producing region, where there is abundant rain forest, and a great 
variety of trees and shrubs. One of the most famous trees of the 
coast is the Guatemalan cow tree, Couma guatemalensis, first dis- 
covered here by Mr. Standley some seventeen years earlier. 

The results of this expedition were more satisfactory than had 
been anticipated, chiefly because of convenient transportation, and 
the co-operation freely extended by several persons and organizations. 
Dr. J. R. Johnston, Director of the National School of Agriculture 
of Chimaltenango, was particularly helpful, and accompanied Mr. 
Standley to several regions of exceptional interest, including a tour 
of the northern and western departments, through the valley of 
the Rio Blanco, the fir forests of Totonicapan, and many other 
localities. Don Mariano Pacheco Herrarte, of the Department of 
Agriculture, extended much practical assistance in the course of 
the expedition. Professor Ulises Rojas, of Guatemala City, 
was an efficient guide to various portions of the Occidente, 
especially the attractive region of Finca Pireneos, below Santa 
Maria de Jesus, in the Department of Quezaltenango. Mr. and Mrs. 
B. B. Lewis, of Guatemala City, were generous in hospitality and 
assistance, as were also Mr. and Mrs. L. Lind Petersen, of Finca 
Zapote, in the bocacosta west of Escuintla. Last and not least, 
acknowledgments are due to the United Fruit Company, especially 
to Mr. George B. Austin of Puerto Barrios, and to Dr. Wilson 
Popenoe, proprietor of a well-known historic house in Antigua. 

The botanical exploration in Guatemala is being continued into 
1940 with funds supplied by President Stanley Field. Assistant 
Curator Julian A. Steyermark left Chicago late in September and 
proceeded by way of New Orleans to Puerto Barrios. During the 
three months already passed in the field, he has devoted his atten- 

I ii i ; IX>M Rl 12 

rmark • from /.:• 

• r localities with abut 
He th( Ihiquimul 

Minas, Jul He hi 

ilarly to obtain colli 

quickly aft . 

1 > ey< rmark already has am 
and plan era! monl in the field, especial^ 

in the rain foi mala, which still are little knowi 

The ample i .1 from t 

a ! mount previou ng in the Museum Herbarium 

affords much data for a descri] 

During the summer of 1939 Dr. S iark n 

trips to Missouri, to continue tion of tha 

in which he h. for man; 

ention wa ;>rinv: plai Missouri, al •■ hicl 

: a paper for publication. These result- 

the collecting of a large quantity of herbarium material, for 

manenl stud; !!•• ol numbe 

sords for the Missouri flora, and particularly for his Sprirn 
douri. During th< eted and suhmittec 

for publication this important work, upon whicl 

The Spring Flo ripti\- unt, with 

mat ion. of all flowering plants known to bloom in MissoUf 
l. It i- to l • ed jointly by the Misaouri Botanic! 
and Field Museum. Tl k ription of each 

: by ar nal illustration. : 

mark's direction at Field Museum by ar" ipplied by the \\ <»rk 


Drou< »r of i gamk Botany, 
Mr. Donald Richards, of the Uni 

in I in an :ition fin with funds furnished b? 

eld. was the collection of 

ther lower pi mic Herbarium. Th» 

collecting and the work 

: in the vicinity of Tucson, The 

of 1 : to i- ng in variou 

I weel- ipitaJ c 

thai can state, with excurs • the mountains an' 

Department of Botany 57 

Gulf of California. Exploration was conducted as far south as 
Guaymas, Sonora, and along various routes from there into the 
mountains. Great success was reported, especially in respect to 
the collecting of algae and mosses. A large series of flowering plants 
was also assembled. The party returned to the United States at 
the end of the year. 

Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic Botany, who was 
given leave of absence in 1938 to enter the service of the govern- 
ment of Venezuela, was expected to return to Field Museum early 
in 1940, but his furlough has been extended to permit further explo- 
ration. He is acting as aid to Professor Henry Pittier, veteran 
botanist of tropical America, in botanical exploration of Venezuela. 
During 1939 he engaged in an expedition to the Rio Caura, a little- 
known area, where he obtained a large and important series of plant 
material, consisting of herbarium specimens and wood samples. 
Data obtained there will supply important information regarding 
botanical features of this neglected portion of the Venezuelan Guiana. 

Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
returned in December from Europe, where he has been engaged 
since late in the summer of 1929 in photographing type specimens 
of tropical American plants. Thus is concluded a Museum project 
covering more than ten years. Begun in 1929 with funds supplied 
for three years by the Rockefeller Foundation, the project was 
thereafter continued at the expense of the Museum until the end 
of 1939. During this time there have been photographed more than 
40,000 type and other historic specimens, representing almost as 
many species of plants, chiefly South American. During 1939 the 
Museum received 4,021 negatives made at the Museum National 
d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. 

The vast number of types photographed by Mr. Macbride 
covers the greater part of the plant species described from South 
America, and they give to Field Museum probably a better and more 
authentic representation of South American species than exists in 
any other institution. A great number of the photographs are 
accompanied by fragments or complete specimens, which greatly 
enhance their value for study purposes. 

Begun in 1939 at the Berlin Herbarium, the photographic work 
was continued at Munich, Copenhagen, Geneva, Madrid, Vienna, 
and Paris. In view of the present precarious condition of these 
historic collections, due to perils incidental to the European war, the 
importance of such type photographs can scarcely be exaggerated. 


M OF N LY— Rj L2 

If, I these 'iild be 

of plant ill* 1 1 •• lily these photographs, 

f"r future stud' 

nbling s of I graphi 

and ml i>r 

• y und< 
who • of it. The photo*' 

graphs seem to be i I highly est. ing b< 

: I lombia, w lifficuli linn types 

similar to those of N Many p-iuesti' 

are I durii ear 11,7% i -mts 

coat, or 
Id Museum. 

Durii dly large number of plant collections 

• •  • udy 1' Herbarium ally 

! and South ive 

this material that at I f it 

still awaiting Herbarium and handling of ^ur- 

v facilitated by the employ- 
ment • 1939 of a large numl and] 
mounters supplied by the v. the 

n motu into the I -mm 

and ; graphs. More tha- 

riptions of ] i in t: -art- 

These des- 
udy s* nsultation of 

• 1 greatly facilil new or 

old il. T tboM ' 

ahum and its 
increaai tal numb* 

mens in the Herbarium at The 

ally n<^h in plants of 

Veni il, and Peru. 

W motui "11 up to 

nail quantity I 
•rial s Distribution into the Herbarium 

. f 






O o 

I— t 

ctf — 

w ° 

a - 

CJ £ 

O o 

























I— I 2 
^ S 



unrvu - 

Department of Botany 59 

kept pace with the mounting, thus making important new collec- 
tions immediately available for use. Some progress was made in 
cleaning and repairing sheets already in the study series in the 
herbarium of flowering plants. Many hundreds of new covers for 
genera and species were prepared, and the alphabetical and geo- 
graphic filing was checked and corrected in many groups. 

The Curator of Cryptogamic Botany, Dr. Francis Drouet, has 
been occupied with varied research during the year. With Mr. 
William A. Daily he completed a revision of the planktonic fresh- 
water species of Microcystis. A report on this work, based upon collec- 
tions in Field Museum and certain large herbaria of Europe and 
North America, was published by the Museum in December. Work 
upon a treatment of the filamentous Myxophyceae in the herbarium 
accumulated by Francis Wolle was also completed and published. A 
list of the Myxophyceae of Maryland by the Curator was published 
early in the year. Much time has been occupied with the prepara- 
tion of a myxophycean flora of Jamaica, a revision of the North 
American species of Plectonema, and a treatment of the filamentous 
Myxophyceae of northeastern North America. Work on the first 
two papers is expected to be completed early in 1940. In prepara- 
tion for them, the Curator visited the New York Botanical Garden 
in January, and Albion College, the University of Michigan, and 
Wayne University in February. 

Field work was carried on in Indiana and Illinois on several 
occasions by Dr. Drouet in company with Mr. Donald Richards, 
Dr. G. T. Velasquez, and others. 

A major project completed during 1939 was the renovation of 
the packaging and mounting of specimens in the algal collection. 
With the exception of the larger marine algae, the specimens are 
now filed in paper packets, each mounted upon a single herbarium 
sheet. It is hoped that this arrangement will give impetus to 
monographic work among these plants. A very material beginning 
was made toward a similar renovation of the collection of mosses 
by Mr. Donald Richards of the Hull Botanical Laboratory, Uni- 
versity of Chicago. In the mounting of specimens in the crypto- 
gamic herbarium, much credit is due the workers supplied by the 
Works Progress Administration. 

Four parts of the Botanical Series were issued during the year, 
the most voluminous being the sixth and final part of Volume XVII, 
consisting of two papers by Dr. E. E. Sherff, Research Associate in 

Fib n Ri . Vol. L2 


Volume 20, thi 1. all 

No. 1, The ' ' .-'. Francis WolU 

Fit '■' both b >r Prai 

and No 

nd Mr. William A I taily. 

'I'.' tallica! le both wr Miss 

fiia Prior. Tl • No. 28, an account %tt 

and "■■ ind No. 24, issued j 

mas holiday s<-. I A/rsI  

A few al ■'■ current lit* -od 

meml m iff for the periodical 

H edit Vale I'm essor Samuel .1. K> 

eareh As  in \\ BchnolO] Id Museum. 

The statT contributed Dumerou and brief notes 

and BUppIied information for n» er 

arti Curator Standh Cura ermark pub- 

lished during tl • number of short pa] ing with plants 

of the United - and tropical America. J other manu- 

ripta by n »f the Department staff, ba n studies 

ms, ha d for publication or are 


During the year more than 19,600 sp< if plan' 

mitted to the Department for study and n. These were 

principally from Mexico, Central and South Arm i the 

United Stat M I of this material lined at tl m, 

and only a small p. 1 to be retun Numerous 

local specimens that were not I for the Herbarium were 

brought to the Museum for naming by n f the Chicago 

.'•ularl; . ■:• Hui .nquiries 

and i ling the 

ical toem 

Throughout tl.> the Herbarium visiting 

- and rem m 

Much u -itists 

and students from i)  tutiona in or 

in Illinois or neighboring nly large 

herbarium within a radi . al hundred miles, and th n 

- jesocfl nume- it which work in tematic 

me of the visitors who came to study crypto- 

Department of Botany 61 

gams remained for several weeks. The collections, of course, were 
used constantly by the Department staff, for work in determination 
and as the basis of original studies. 


In 1939 there were received in the Department of Botany 380 
accessions, comprising 88,514 items. The total number of accessions 
received was approximately the same as in 1938, but the number of 
specimens included in them was seventy-five per cent greater. The 
accessions included material for the exhibits, the Herbarium, and 
the wood and economic collections. Classified by sources, 18,635 
came as gifts, 20,842 in exchange, 4,974 were purchased, 37,568 were 
obtained by Museum expeditions, 4,021 were negatives of type 
specimens made in Europe by Associate Curator J. Francis Macbride, 
and 2,474 were photographic prints transferred from the Museum's 
Division of Photography. 

Of the total receipts, items for the Herbarium amounted to more 
than 87,000, including plant specimens, photographs, typed descrip- 
tions, and type negatives. The largest accession of the year con- 
sisted of approximately 30,000 specimens collected in Guatemala by 
Curator Standley, as described upon a preceding page. Among 
other material gathered by members of the Department staff were 
5,107 specimens from Missouri, obtained by Assistant Curator 
Steyermark, and 1,730 Venezuelan plants collected by Curator 
Llewelyn Williams. 

The largest of the exchanges received during the year consisted 
of 7,050 specimens forwarded from Paris by the Museum National 
d'Histoire Naturelle, through the Director (Phanerogamic), Dr. Henri 
Humbert. This collection consists chiefly of historic material from 
tropical America, and supplements the series of type photographs 
made in the Paris Herbarium by Associate Curator Macbride. A 
collection of similar nature consisting of 2,700 specimens was trans- 
mitted by the Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, Geneva, through 
the Director, Dr. B. P. G. Hochreutiner. Both of these sendings 
continue the liberal contributions made by these institutions in 
former years. 

Other important exchanges received during 1939 include 1,446 
sheets of Chinese plants, from the Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts; 188 specimens of California plants, from the Cali- 
fornia Academy of Sciences, San Francisco; 430 Pennsylvania plants 
from the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh; 330 plants of North and 

Fin • l OP N n R] U 12 

ith An fn»rn the Catholic tiington, I 1 

Panama plants from the Missouri Botai 
uth American 

lenos ' 801 Uruguayan plants from the 
Mu ri.i Natural, 

from the New York Botanical Garden; 1,1 iens 

and from the Unit -rial Museum, 

ihington, I»' ns of Mexican and ' 

American plants, from the Herbarium of the I'm Mich; 


of phanerogamic material of 16,4 md 

included much of the most valuab!- rial tl 1 the Her- 

barium during the year. Outstanding among them v. I 

1.77. lian plants, colli essor Mello 

i and the Jardim Botanico of -nte. 

Oth< itfa American collection- i ft indue 

Colombian plants from Brotl dinar-Maria, B - <>m- 

hian specimens from I er H. Daniel, Medellii 
plai theDir ion Tecnica of the Ministerio de Agricultui 

(Via. Caracas, transmitted by Professor H< 9 Peru 

plants from Pro - ' J. Soukup, Puno; and 95 Peruvian nens 

from I ar Vargas < r., < luzco. 

An unusually large amount of ( American material  

1 during i'.<- nong gifts may be ment. 

malan plants pn i by the collector, Hon .1 lilar 

G., G latemala; L50 imens from Mi tral Arm 

from M tamonoff, Chicago; 185 Panama planl 

Miss Marjorie Brown, Bennington, Vermont; 

N'acional de Agricultura, San I ntes 

an plai m 1'r Window K. Ha 

ire; 1 m the Museo 

ional, San Jose", through the Di aor Juvenal \'alerio 

Jan plants coll. md presenter! by 

•1 L Wilson. U Ham] 

Among pifts of plants col in otl 

mens from the I the Univei f Chi< 

711 od ph< phic n- principally of H 

plai : 191 Mexican plant 

Mr. Richard A. Schneider, Kankakee. Illinois; 1.". nens of 

I'm :' them collected long ago in the Chicago 

>n, presented by Mr ver Forest, Illinois; 

Department of Botany 63 

600 Mexican plants from Mr. Harde LeSueur, Austin, Texas; 620 
Mexican plants from Professor Leslie A. Kenoyer, Kalamazoo, 
Michigan; 350 Illinois plants, from the Illinois State Museum, 
Springfield; 628 sheets of Arkansas plants from the Agricultural 
and Mechanical College, Monticello, Arkansas; 269 United States 
plants from Mr. Hermann C. Benke, of Chicago, in continuation of 
his former extensive donations of herbarium material; 161 Philippine 
plants, from the Botanical Museum of Harvard University, Cam- 
bridge; 165 plants of Texas and Mexico, from Mr. George L. Fisher, 
Houston, Texas; 1,650 plants of the western United States, from 
Dr. Herbert M. Evans, Berkeley, California; and 658 specimens of 
Mexican plants, collected by Mr. Virginius H. Chase and presented 
by Mr. Harry Hoogstraal, Chicago. 

For the Cryptogamic Herbarium, 5,643 specimens were acces- 
sioned in 1939. Of these 2,016 were received as gifts or through 
collecting by members of the staff; 1,448 were received in exchanges 
with other institutions and individuals; and 2,179 were received 
by purchase. 

Among the more important gifts received are 305 marine algae 
of North America and Italy collected by Professor I. F. Lewis, 
University of Virginia; 256 miscellaneous cryptogams from the 
Estate of Abigail Butler; 257 algae of the southern Appalachian 
Mountains, from Professor Harold C. Bold, of Vanderbilt University 
and Barnard College; 138 algae of the north central states from Mr. 
William A. Daily, of the University of Cincinnati; 172 cryptogams 
from the herbarium of Paul Blatchford, chiefly from Illinois and 
New England, received from Mr. Gordon Pearsall, of Chicago; 
105 cryptogams of Missouri, from Mrs. Cora Shoop Steyermark, 
Chicago; 52 algae from Mr. Preston Smith, of Oberlin College; and 
45 specimens of algae from Dr. G. T. Velasquez, of the University 
of the Philippines. 

The collections made by members of the Museum staff consist 
principally of 205 cryptogams of Illinois and Indiana obtained by 
Curator Francis Drouet in company with others; 87 algae collected 
by Mr. John R. Millar, on the Sewell L. Avery Expedition to Nova 
Scotia, 1938; and 58 cryptogams collected in Missouri by Dr. Julian 
A. Steyermark. In addition, a thousand or more cryptogams col- 
lected by Mr. Paul C. Standley were received as a result of the 
Sewell L. Avery Expedition to Guatemala, 1938-39. 

The chief lots of specimens received in exchange are 575 cryp- 
togams of California and the South Pacific islands from Dr. F. R. 


the I'nivi 
th< • I fniven 


•ii Mr. .1 kland, 

rom t ; and 

Mass re. 

P includt - II, 

1 1 

■v net 
All of tl 

rbarium • ncu Wolli 

th< mm by Mr. Philip \V. '■ 

and. in .lanuar I with 

. Mr. F. Wolle himself. thec«»Il. 

• he Rev. Mr. Wolle in 
American botanists. Thefirel 
 '1 Nor - Dulcis i 

. of the herbarium ha 
n mounted and p] n til*' in the J collection. 

ed for 1 - a 

aa a gift fr<»m Mr. L Lind I' 

To Mr. I ibber Institute, Kuala Lump . 

the I teparu for 

ind f<ir wing. 

Mi with the I ►epartnn 

 •  i er 
D in the Herbarium and .wing 

•m Bee 'rom collectors 

,m in 

re thu n in (iarfield 1 ind brought in* er 

during t Limner. In the same manner, many palms in 

rfield i have been grown from seeds collected on 

Field Museum In the absence of greenhouse facilities 

Department of Botany 65 

in the Museum's Department of Botany, the co-operation afforded 
through the courtesy of Mr. Koch has been particularly valuable. 
Important loans were received, from the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, of photographs of American forest types made 
by the Forest Service, and of a microfilm of the botany catalogue of 
the Department of Agriculture Library, from which its extensive 
subject catalogue may be duplicated here. 


During 1939 there were distributed in exchange to institutions 
and individuals in North and South America, and Europe, 70 lots 
of material, amounting to 8,666 items, including herbarium speci- 
mens, wood specimens, photographs, and typed descriptions of 
plants. One item sent was a botanical index, consisting of about 
100,000 separate cards. Sixty-six lots of material, comprising almost 
8,000 separate items, were received on loan for study or determina- 
tion, and 85 lots, including 11,627 specimens, were lent for determina- 
tion or for use in monographic studies. 

Records of botanical accessions, loans, and exchanges have been 
kept by Miss Edith M. Vincent, Librarian of the Department. 
Geographical and collectors' indexes of material in the study series 
have been kept up to date, as has also the card catalogue of the 
economic collections (including a new systematic index of the study 
collection of woods), with the aid of workers from the Works Progress 
Administration. Many of these workers gave a large amount of 
assistance in arrangement and reorganization of reference and 
exchange material, herbarium and economic specimens, and woods. 
They wrote more than 165,700 catalogue cards for permanent and 
temporary files, besides many thousands of herbarium and wood 
collection labels. 

Labels have been prepared, printed, and installed for all current 
additions to the exhibits, and many old ones have been revised. 
The last of the few remaining black exhibition labels have finally 
been eliminated. 


In the Hall of Food Plants (Hall 25) the series of murals 
begun last year was carried forward during the year by Mr. Julius 
Moessel, and is approaching completion. These murals all have 
reference to the subject matter of the exhibits which they supple- 
ment. They consist of a series of scenes portraying the principal 

66 Field Museum op Natural History Reports, Vol. L2 

human activities growing out <>f man's quest of \ >\e food, viz., 

the gathering, cultivation, and harvesting of food plants, and the 
preparation and distribution of their products. The sit • 
with Bcenes of simple food-gatheringand a primitive I planting, 

followed by hoe-cultivation, rice-growing under irrigation, plowing 
and broadcast Bowing <>f grain, threshing and milling, sugar and 
edible oil production, transportation and trade in exotic produi 
water-borne commerce with foreign countries, a tropical market 
scene, and a present day wholesale vegetable mar- 
In general, the murals parallel the arrangement of the exhibits 
in tiie hall. The scenes showing planting and preparation of the 
soil for crops represent various t; pes of cultivation of food plants 
in different parts of the world. 

Some form of cultivation of grain having been the basis of civili- 
zation everywhere, several murals are devoted to this important 
subject. Sugar production is portrayed in a scene showing a colonial 
sugar plantation in Brazil where supar cane was first grown on the 
American continent. The one picture showing vegetable oil- 
based on the recent discovery of ancient remains of a primitive type 
of olive oil press on the north coast of Africa. The spice trad< 
represented by a caravan seene from the region north of the Persian 
Gulf. The beginning of water-borne commerce in foreign f 
products is depicted in the mural showing French coffee buyers in 
Arabia. This was reproduced in last year's Report. A mural 
depicting a market scene in southern Mexico is followed by a 
picture of a present-day wholesale vegetable market, such as may 
be found in any large northern city of the United States. The ser 
will be closed with two maps. One will show the ancient trade- 
routes over which contact was maintained between the East and 
West up to the time of the discovery of the sea routes and the result- 
ant general interchange of cultures and products which profoundly 
changed the food plant situation everywhere. The second map will 
show the main centers of origin of food plants and of the beginni' 
of their cultivation. 

The artist. Mr. M . is a well-known mural painter of large 

experience and ability. The pictorial excellence of the pictures and 
their artistic qualities are evident to all who have seen them. They 
are not only highly decorative, forming an interesting and instruc- 
tive feature of the hall which they embellish, but they contribute 
effectively to an appreciation of the exhibits to which they relate. 
It may be said that with the completion of this series of murals, the 

Department of Botany 67 

food plant exhibit as a whole becomes more distinctly a unit, rather 
than merely a collection of classified and labeled items. The presence 
in the hall of a collection of palms interferes little, if at all, with the 
total result achieved. 

The principal addition to the exhibits in the Hall of Plant Life 
(Hall 29) was a large diorama, or so-called background group, show- 
ing the vegetation of a characteristic Illinois woodland (Plate 5). 
This group, which should please all those interested in the beauties 
of the local flora as it still exists in the environs of the city, is placed 
in the northwest corner of the main botanical hall where it adjoins 
the alpine scene completed last year. The new group reproduces a 
selected spot in mixed woods at the edge of the present forest pre- 
serves, as it appears late in May when the leaves of the bass-wood 
are still only half expanded and those of the white oak still drooping 
and pink. The ground is covered with phlox, Virginia blue-bells, 
and blue-eyed Mary, with marigolds along the streambed, and with 
white and red trillium, adder's tongue, Jack-in-the-pulpit, geranium, 
May apple, and columbine on the rising ground to one side. It is a 
typical local spring flower assemblage, including the shrubs and vines 
common in the local woods. 

The Museum is indebted to the Superintendent of the Cook 
County forest preserves for several tree trunks that form a part of 
this exhibit. The reproduction of the numerous plants in this group 
was carried out in the work shops and laboratories of the Depart- 
ment of Botany under the supervision of Mr. Emil Sella, Chief 
Preparator of Exhibits, aided by Mr. Milton Copulos, Artist-Prepara- 
tor, and many skilled workers supplied by the Works Progress 
Administration. The background painting is the work of Mr. 
Arthur G. Rueckert, Staff Artist. 

This local woodland scene is the second of six groups planned for 
Hall 29 to show types of plant associations characteristic of different 
environments. The present group, with its painted landscape set- 
ting, serves as an example of woodland vegetation of the northern 
temperate zone. 

Other groups on the same plan, but representing very different 
environments with very different vegetation, are in process of prepa- 
ration, and it is to be expected that some of these will be completed 
during the coming year. 

So much work was required in the construction of this group 
that few other additions could be made to the exhibits in the hall. 
Among these few, the most recent is a durian fruit on its branch, 

t) Ri 

i from enl '• 


in. which has 
m of I the 

• delicious of fruits, I It 

fruit 1 full re] 

• principal kind 
i with 

Ir re- 

'1 Mr ulos 

(•nil early in I h of 

in Mi 

Hall of Plant l 

1 Hal! . iw materials 

products, mi a l>r; ; - 

. uiih a trunk <>f ti 

ruhli- The M< 

can rubber tr-  I f<»r pi 

• plar 

nib lis. 

i primitive 
making plant for Hall 2 Hall the Hall 

of N'(»rth A 


With n ible, l< 

I 'nit< ress with tr 

In the Hall i Jlatiooi 

. ift in I 

injr material presented 
• 1 Trai on> 

M I \n assort me? 

i in '. 
M the Museum was n Park Building, 

died wrh Hall 27. They include 

Department of Geology 69 

red Baltic pine, northern pine, Norway spruce, European larch, elm, 
linden, aspen, and hornbeam. The Japanese wood exhibits, con- 
densed last year, were arranged in more compact order in the hall, 
making room for a more adequate display of Philippine and other 
woods, the exhibits of which need to be augmented. 


EXPEDITIONS and research 

An expedition to western Colorado spent nearly three months 
collecting fossil mammals from the upper Paleocene deposits in the 
Plateau Valley, De Beque area, Mesa County. Work in this region 
has been carried on at intervals since 1932. The expedition personnel 
consisted of Mr. Bryan Patterson, Assistant Curator of Paleontology, 
and Mr. James H. Quinn, Assistant in Paleontology, who were 
joined for parts of the season by Messrs. Robert G. Schmidt, Paul 
G. Clark, Leonard C. Bessom, and Harold E. Pearson. The party 
was fortunate in finding excellently preserved remains of several 
individuals of a new pantodont. Pantodonts were primitive hoofed 
mammals that have left no descendants, have no close living rela- 
tives, and were the first mammalian order to evolve large animals. 
Two partial skeletons of Barylambda, the type of which was found 
by an earlier expedition, were excavated. Remains of medium-sized 
and small mammals are rarer in the Plateau Valley deposits than 
they are at other Paleocene localities, but more specimens of this 
type were secured there during this season than at any time in 
the past. 

In addition to its activities in Paleocene deposits, the expedition 
collected fossil plant material from the Dakota, Hunter Canyon, 
and Williams Fork formations of the Cretaceous, and fossil plants 
and insects from the Eocene Green River formation. Two days 
were spent visiting old localities in the lower Eocene of the Rifle 
area. A number of interesting specimens were found, the most note- 
worthy of which were complete legs of the small four-toed horse 

An expedition to South Dakota, under the leadership of Mr. 
Paul 0. McGrew, Assistant in Paleontology, included as collectors 
Messrs. John Schmidt and Orville L. Gilpin. This party spent two 
and one-half months collecting fossil mammals in Pliocene stream- 
bed deposits near Martin, South Dakota. A large fauna was obtained 
which included specimens of some thirty genera. Most of these are 
new to the Museum collections, and several represent hitherto un- 


known :pletd 


t rhit all 

t 1mm al otl .. ur kinds of horses, small 

ai er 


Mr. . < .■ nt thr- • ks 

1 I'm Iu- 

sational Museum. 

impose «»f these Lain middle and upper 

i.-ian t\: LBS with specialists some 

.1 problen en during the prt 

Land monograph. 

Mr. Bryanl Mat f Mim :urinjj 

of tv. pal loc.. 


which He 

ind Sunda alities 

wit hi' of Chicago, and thu i much p 

qtU rial than it had b< 


Retearch and publication in tin* field of 

A j«»int paper by Mr. Elmer S K urator of Paleontol .nd 




Mr. ! ublished in the ks 

A Clui brate 

in Fit 
Museum pul ita 

Wist. Mr. Patterson; 

Mr. Paul 0. M 

other pap< 
lis] nt Curator P 

• <»n his mer: h American bir 

which an "n mc Chief fura' 

Henry W. Nicl d in the . y. Numerous 















t— i 


























— 1 




















h- 1 


















































Department of Geology 71 

articles by members of the Department staff appeared during the 
year in Field Museum News. 

Curator Roy devoted the greater part of the year to completing 
the monograph on the Baffin Land fossils which he collected several 
years ago as geologist for the Rawson-MacMillan Expedition to 
Labrador and Baffin Land. The paper is not quite ready for the 
press, but the fauna, consisting of 114 species, forty-seven of which 
are new, have been described, and photographs of all macrofossils 
have been made and captioned. The two main items remaining to 
be done are photographing the microfossils, chiefly ostracods, and 
the final revision. This monograph deals with problems of Arctic 
Ordovician stratigraphy. 

The appointment to an assistant curatorship of Mr. Henry 
Herpers, who is an experienced chemist as well as a geologist, has 
made possible resumption of work in the chemical laboratory upon 
the scale its importance deserves. The laboratory has been modern- 
ized and provided with a combustion furnace, titrimetric apparatus, 
vacuum pump and other needed equipment. It is now in shape to 
meet demands upon it efficiently and economically. The accuracy 
of the analytical methods used has been tested against standard test 
material from the United States Bureau of Standards. 

Renovation of the laboratory was completed late in the year, 
after which regular work of analysis and investigation was resumed. 
An iron meteorite was analyzed for use in meteorite studies for 
publication, and analyses of three more are under way. Three 
limestones and one granite were analyzed for Mr. Roy's monograph 
on Baffin Land. Some of the fossil bones collected on expeditions 
of 1939 are badly stained, and a successful method of bleaching 
them was developed and tried out experimentally. One of the 
bones was analyzed to determine whether certain proposed treat- 
ments could be safely used. 

As deterioration of the painted backgrounds of many exhibits 
should be minimized in every possible way, Mr. Herpers made a 
thorough investigation of the purity and durability of pigments used 
by the Museum Staff Artist. Numerous partial and some complete 
qualitative analyses for identifications of specimens were made as 
usual. Nine antique bronzes were restored by the Fink process for 
the Department of Anthropology, 560 gallons of alcohol were puri- 
fied by redistillation for the Department of Zoology, and distilled 
water was provided wherever it was needed. A new method of 
etching meteorites, developed in the United States National Mu- 

was tr md ha 

produces - luster 

in did •*. 

in th( mtinued 

ial lines <>f j erial f«>r exhibition 

Btud . the 

md t} • •:■■'. 

mount) the 

lution i f<»r • 

A Worl ration workers un> 

; ring 
ontiniK • adily. An im] 

im tl  read • IronJ 

: prepared. A la- rt of th< m of 

Plii mals from tl 

 I ond< ison of Mr. " :<»nt 

collected by the Color lition is in | .ration. 

Cor. on work for mount 

fossil bird 

repaired, and mounts for • 
• n. 

A di the Devil's Tower, a fam . anic neek in 

has been in preparation for mi 

e of tl.' vork v. irarily 

I loss of t 

•itlv require Bawing or polishing. A 'us 

the Chief ( Jurator, and for polishing .ned 

•ugh tl • era] meml wat 

built in t • -it workr d is now in ion. 

inp mil 
•uld fcx I. The e«jur 


ind the L'nh 
by loo  

rlier Yanderwilt 
alhoi. tion. The grindstone for smoothing 

Department of Geology 73 

follows the practice in Oberstein, Germany, where the principal 
industry for more than 200 years has been agate polishing. Smooth- 
ing is finished on a canvas-covered horizontal lap charged with fine 
abrasive. Final polishing is on a wooden wheel charged with polish- 
ing powder. The equipment has proved to be both economical and 
efficient. Many of the cryptocrystalline quartzes collected in the 
Northwest in 1938 have been polished. Slices have been cut from 
a number of meteorites, and excellent specimens for the physical 
geology exhibit in Clarence Buckingham Hall (Hall 35) have been 
prepared by sawing specimens that were useless in their original state. 

The Museum supplied material from the Pultusk meteorite (which 
fell in Poland in 1868) to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
for an important research conducted by Professor Robley D. Evans 
to determine the age of the earth and of the universe. Preliminary 
results of this research have been published by Field Museum Press. 
Specimens of silver ores from Mexican mines were sent to the Uni- 
versity of Chicago for the use of Professor E. S. Bastin in a research 
on the paragenesis of certain Mexican ores. Two meteorites were 
lent to Mr. Stuart Perry, a recognized authority on meteorites, to 
be used in conjunction with specimens from other institutions in 
research on certain features of an uncommon group of meteorites. 

Specimens sent or brought in for identification have been more 
numerous than usual. While most of these can be identified at a 
glance, enough of them have required careful study to consume much 
time of the staff. The Mapleton meteorite (Plate 7), later acquired, 
was first recognized in material sent in for identification and ten 
choice minerals were added to the collection from this source. 


The Department of Geology recorded during the year ninety-six 
accessions, which included 3,479 specimens. Although the acces- 
sions were slightly more in number than those recorded in 1938, they 
included only two-thirds as many specimens. Classified by sources, 
2,180 specimens came as gifts, 159 were received by exchange, 879 
were from expeditions, 231 were collected by members of the staff, 
and 30 were purchased. 

The most important gift of the year was received through the 
courtesy of the California-Arabian Standard Oil Company from 
two of their geologists, Messrs. T. F. Harris and Walter Hoag. They 
presented two meteorites which they collected at the almost inacces- 
sible meteor crater at Wabar, Rub'al Khali, in the Arabian Desert. 

7i Pi Reports, Vol. 12 

rial inl • of U 



irrounding ro< 

on] the Wabar in an 

those in the British ! which 

II St John Philby when hedi • ed Wabar in 

Another interesting addil a slice 

the Tamentil i as well as 

ific in 1 ' Thii an oasis in th- ra 

e close of the fourteenth centur -te 

tually seen to fall which preserved. Nine es 

i in the collection were purchase 
and a slice of I lahom 

change with the Oklahoi Survey. An iron n te 

ently dug up in Mapleton, Iowa, was pu 

men purchased from its 
wly four und individual of the Joel 

I Mountain Arka: een of the fourteen 

from falls m • ' . -n. 

Tv. md T- aine<l by 

•o illu of mold. 


important gift was a collection "ly 1,500 minerals 

i foSBS I >r. I! 

tfon u;t> made I- L820 by tin -aa 

. England. It includes 
B from • al" localities in Knpland and 

in no Iongi 

ie mineral collection worth] 

m. These were 
en Hur Wilson, 
i Mr. Frank C. H tnd 

allaniti included in 

••: I »r. M. .' aliforni 

thino -A perfection. Mr. 

\Y Mountain, N- 

men of I hither jle 

example. Mr. Ludwig A. Koelnau, 

(^ rt"**" 



























Department of Geology 75 

Minneapolis, and a sardonyx from Mrs. M. J. Hubeny, of Chicago, 
are semi-precious stones of better than usual quality. The largest 
garnet in the collection is the gift of Miss Katherine S. Kniskern, 
of Baltimore, Maryland. Mr. Oscar U. Zerk, of Kenosha, Wis- 
consin, presented seven polished moss and scenery agates as an 
addition to the moss agate collection in the Gem Room (H. N. 
Higinbotham Hall). Mr. Frank Von Drasek, of Cicero, Illinois, 
added twenty-nine minerals to his gifts of former years. 

A collection of 187 minerals, from Mr. George W. DeMuth, of 
Chicago, contained rare lithium minerals. Miss Bertha Gordon, of 
Porterville, California, presented a collection of fifteen minerals 
from Death Valley, accompanied by six photographs which illustrate 
exceptionally well the geological phenomena encountered in deserts. 
Valuable minerals were received from twenty-seven other donors. 

Two rare minerals new to the collection — oxyhornblende and 
chiolite— were obtained by exchange. A chrysoberyl crystal, the 
largest in this country if not in the world, was also secured by 
exchange. Another exchange provided a group of selenite crystals 
of extraordinary slenderness. Some of these are nine inches long, 
with a ratio of length to thickness of five hundred to one. Local 
collecting by the Assistant Curator of Mineralogy has yielded more 
than 200 mineral specimens, many of excellent quality. 

The most valuable additions to the vertebrate fossil collections 
came from the expeditions to South Dakota and Colorado, already 
mentioned. A collection of 120 specimens of vertebrate fossils was 
obtained through exchange with the State Teachers' College of 
Chadron, Nebraska. Other specimens acquired by exchange were 
the cast of a skull of Aleurodon from the American Museum of 
Natural History, New York, and a skull of Buettnaria from the 
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Gifts of fossils were fewer than usual. Bones of the fossil moose, 
Cervalces, presented by Mr. Charles N. Ackerman, of Antioch, 
Illinois, are of local interest. This beast, which once lived in the 
country around Chicago, had horns more like those of an elk than a 
moose. Another gift of local interest consisted of fossil vertebrates 
from Western Springs, Illinois, presented by the Park Board of that 
town. It contained various bones of extinct species of deer and 
elephant, and a complete fossil fish, which were uncovered during 
excavations for the improvement of the village park. Other verte- 
brate fossils were donated by Mr. R. E. Frison, of Tensleep, Wyo- 
ming, and Mr. John Winterbotham, of Chicago. 


 •  . • • :. ' • • 

«ssj| leaf was 

; j'.'il addil 

Mr. and Mi 
from the 
Mono Laki in Califon 1 >r. M. .1 


Peru, lilloma 



., . . . .. 


rlro; rom tl 

• :ucei 
t fn>m tv. 

Hi' i> if it 

• nil duj 
are included in I 

ring 1939, - 


diti until • : from them.v 


up ' mineral 

. the ;i 
• all mineral nan this 

year by the A ill mi; 

names in ir m<»st imp from other 

m the ratal 
iluabl' •:" time. The jue of meteorites 

Department of Geology 77 

has been kept up to date by the addition of 154 cards. This cata- 
logue contains, on white cards, data on all meteorites in the collec- 
tion, and, on red cards, data for all recorded meteorites of which the 
Museum has no specimens. 

The classified catalogue of invertebrate fossils is still far from 
complete, although 2,150 cards were added during the year. Many 
of these await checking by a member of the staff before they are filed. 
The classified catalogue of the rock collection, which now contains 
2,858 entries, was kept up to date by the addition of 92 cards. 

The classified catalogues of vertebrate fossils have been kept up 
to date except for recent additions which require more prepara- 
tion and study before they can be properly catalogued. The verte- 
brate paleontology bibliographical files are increased by 678 cards. 
Several hundred valuable maps and atlases have been stored for 
years in bundles in the Department Library. These have been un- 
packed, and are being classified and catalogued for filing in a new 
cabinet which has been provided for the purpose. Several reference 
files were prepared, in card form, on mineralogical subjects such as 
fluorescence, to facilitate revising collections and for use in research. 

Copy for 800 labels was prepared for the printer, and all installed 
specimens have been properly labeled. A number of large descrip- 
tive labels were rewritten to conform with the advances in geological 
knowledge of recent years. Storage labels were written for 2,577 
specimens in the study collections, and faded numbers on specimens 
were repainted wherever found. The classified and cross-index 
catalogue of photographs has been kept up to date. 


During 1939 plans were prepared for the improvement of the 
appearance and educational value of the collections by a thorough 
revision and reinstallation. 

Since the present installation of the geological collections was 
planned in 1919, important improvements in methods of display 
have been developed, and there has been a great increase in the size 
of the collections. Expansion of geological knowledge, too, has kept 
pace with the recent progress of all the sciences. Thorough revision 
and reinstallation of the collections will incorporate the additions 
to better advantage, and will materially enhance the appearance of 
the halls. A beginning has been made during the past few years by 
reinstallation of the meteorite collection in Hall 34 and the rock 
collection in Clarence Buckingham Hall (Hall 35). Reinstallation 

.-! R] . Vol. L2 

King complete 


luring tl.' >ntinued in 1 i*39. 

T! df cas« .in to 

install) in- 

ing casec <1 l>«-e. »al 

than U now at hand will tx ablea 

lation Ernest R.( Ira ham Hall H 

il ;• Hall '■'■'' and rick J. 

Skill Hall Hall :'.7 . ha md much of th« 

nary work neceeeary Ai 

there will be much erring np these three 

halls, reinstallation of all three m i simulu 

Curat ''Ian for 

the con vi m Hall from a Hall • Hall 

.ntf the '»ssil c 

Hall. Work <»n this reinstallation has been begx. 
tv. the I Mine* 

horse, Vlesippiu s> 

91 -1 of the litt insi, have been 

mounted and pla< • bition ing the devel' 

dm family in N re- 

pan Jled by Mr. Met irew. 

Hall i ' .ins the 

an illic it il minerals from the main c 

half. Tl -''ter 

much will !)• The 

hall will ]•■ "ology 

lie industrial mi iced will be 

in part i 

d in part put in intil other arranj their di 

.antlir • hibit h in. Most of 

the cases in this hall The)* 

me of 
these casea I others will be 

lie, industrial mim 
Ii 1 from Hall 

neces.- the petroleum, 

clay, and soil collec- as 

they no num- pure! itific, rather 

Department of Geology 79 

than general, interest. Such specimens are almost identical in appear- 
ance, and give the exhibits a monotonous effect that detracts from 
their appeal. They will be transferred to the study collection where 
they will be of more use. 

Seventeen meteorites not hitherto represented were added to 
the meteorite collection in Hall 34. The tektite collection, now placed 
with the meteorites, was enlarged by sixteen specimens. Thirty- 
nine minerals were added to the mineral collection in the same hall. 
Two of these, of unusual interest, are remarkably slender selenite 
crystals from Arkansas, and a chrysoberyl crystal of record size 
from Colorado. The additions include ten minerals of species not 
hitherto represented. Seven of these were obtained by the Assistant 
Curator of Mineralogy on a brief expedition to the eastern states, 
and three were found in material submitted by the public for identifi- 
cation. Five of these additions are specimens of minerals numbered 
in the Dana text of 1892. The collection now contains 603 of these 
numbered species, or 72 per cent of the entire 838. The addition of 
six this year compares favorably with the average rate of increase of 
Dana listed species, which has been two and one-half per year for 
the years from 1894 to 1938. 

Over half of the minerals now in the fluorite display are 
additions for which space was found partly by rearrangement and 
partly by replacing inferior material. The superior specimens were 
selected by testing numerous specimens from the regular mineral 

The mineral specimens in Hall 34 are now arranged according to 
the latest current information on the nature and relationships of 
minerals. Use of the X-ray in mineral study has developed new and 
radically changed concepts of mineral structure and classification. 
A codification of the new concepts by a group of eminent mineralo- 
gists has been nearly completed. As soon as their results become 
available a complete reinstallation of the mineral collection will be 
necessary. On the basis of preliminary reports, the Assistant 
Curator of Mineralogy has during the past year done much work 
devising tentative plans for modernization of the exhibit. These 
plans, which cannot become definite until the new "System of 
Mineralogy" is available, involve a revision of the scientific classi- 
fication, a complete relabeling, and the use of supplementary exhib- 
its to add interest and value to the display. Further, the manner 
of installation will be modified by the use of the new techniques of 
museum display which are being applied in other halls. 

all mi <t oc 

• I in drawers under th< in Hall 84, with ai 

im ll.'.-A <>n the third (1 Qt u 

'.<! read iseol 

numbered, and the drawa 
number for d on l 

mit ling to th< 

wding of th( • hat 

.rily in Room 1 1 
f finished. Wl 
will be Dossil ly an;. .. and mini 

quickly and 
mineral oi 

wea 'i which should ! rear 

an essentia] part of the wort 
iminar m of • . minora!-, and it 

Mr. Math. Assistant Curator of Mil 

miliar with the collection. 

Thi ind material for economic geology 

changed during tl p. The study and reaervi 

in pi nd materia] oi 

for th( installation in Clarence Buckingham 

Hall  for furtl 

Re trgani >n ol 

in\' im 111 

I '•■■ irninpenv main tc 

until .. final rhe- 


during ' - th« 

m ami lilable .ileo- 

a long-standing I vhich cou 

fauna -no 

remain in this collection of inde> 

but these will be filled as ions to the collections permit 

Department of Zoology 81 



Of the three zoological expeditions of the year, the most impor- 
tant is the Field Museum Magellanic Expedition, made possible 
by the generosity of President Stanley Field. Not yet completed, 
it will continue work in 1940. For the preliminary work of this expe- 
dition, Mr. Colin C. Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, Mr. Karl P. 
Schmidt, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, and Mr. John M. 
Schmidt sailed from New York early in July, and arrived at Callao 
sixteen days later. 

After making necessary arrangements in Lima, the expedition 
proceeded southward by truck over a new automobile road to 
Arequipa. In order to obtain some of the rare or little known small 
mammals, a rare frog, and the toads of the icy highland lakes and 
streams, as well as the lizards which range almost to the snow line 
at 16,000 feet, collections were made at various high elevations in 
southern Peru. Many desirable specimens were collected at Yura 
(8,000 feet), Juliaca (12,500 feet), Sumbay (13,500 feet), Salinas 
(14,000 feet), and San Ignacio de Cailloma (14,500 feet). While 
Curator Sanborn worked in the vicinity of Puno on Lake Titicaca, 
Curator Schmidt and his son went to Cuzco and from there to a 
somewhat lower altitude. At the Hacienda Urco in the Urubamba 
Valley further desirable specimens were obtained. 

Using Lima as a base, Curator Schmidt also made short trips 
to Lake Junin in the central highlands, the Chincha Islands, and 
via truck on the Pan-American highway to Trujillo and Chiclayo. 
He returned to the United States at the end of November, but the 
other members of the party remained in the field. 

Curator Sanborn made collections in two of the lower valleys 
near Arequipa, and then went to Mollendo to join Dr. Wilfred H. 
Osgood, Chief Curator of Zoology, who assumed leadership of the 
expedition in October. In the latter part of that month, accom- 
panied by Mr. John M. Schmidt, they sailed for southern Chile. 
Satisfactory results were obtained in the magnificent Nahuelvute 
Araucarien forest west of Angol, and in the region around Lake 
Todos Santos in Llanquihue. On a special trip made by Mr. Sanborn 
to Laguna Maule, a rare parrot and several desirable small mam- 
mals were secured. Early in December the expedition sailed from 
Puerto Montt for Punta Arenas on the Straits of Magellan. 

Among the many persons who rendered assistance to the expe- 
dition were Dr. Marshall Hertig, of the Instituto de Hygiene y 

:'i. in I 

Mr. William \ . al In\- 

r for 

1 !aillon -rsonneJ 

of tl ruit- 

f nl I !'" all 

during the Lai r. Ir Mr. Melvin 1 

Jr.. in company with Mr. Wyll 

Penii the fiel 

which ' -van in 1937. 

bratee, including appr 

suj>; ally ir inj? region, 

but nanced 

in part by Mcositt. Traylor the Museum, 
is ex 

An • 
Florida eea turtfc which I for 

early in May. Mr. 

Fritz H 

I >r 1: J collecting 

in si Mr. W h of 

San.' . . -laying 

eejd turt!' with a shell 

length of thirty-nine inch* >mp)eU 

on the process of egg-l; 

To the M 

iurinn Um nbuted 

the I tepartn 

n in • the 

• H\rd* 

'.os page 
Chicagi • d in 

and II. will contain the 

Subject Index with th< h tit!* I and 

i alp} ally, geographically, an-. The 

other pub' s in the Zoological Series wer 

Department of Zoology 83 

can Frogs of the Genus Hypopachus, A New Lizard from Mexico, A New 
Coral Snake from British Guiana, and Reptiles and Amphibians from 
Southwestern Asia, all by Curator Karl P. Schmidt; A New Aus- 
tralian Lizard with a Note on Hemiergis, Notes on Mexican Reptiles 
and Amphibians, and The Mexican and Central American Lizards of 
the Genus Sceloporus (397 pages), all by Dr. Hobart M. Smith; 
Eight New Bats of the Genus Rhinolophus, by Curator Colin Camp- 
bell Sanborn; Malacological Notes, by Curator Fritz Haas; Carcino- 
logical Notes, by Associate Claire Nemec, and Three New Birds of 
the Genus Stachyris, by Mr. H. G. Deignan. 

For two months in the early part of the year, Curator Sanborn 
proceeded with a research on bats in European museums, begun in 
1938 under his fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial 
Foundation. After studying the large collections of bats in the 
British Museum (Natural History), he examined those in the Mu- 
seum d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris, the Zoologisches Museum in 
Amsterdam, and the Rijksmuseum van Naturlijke Historie in 
Leiden. A study of other large collections of bats in Europe did not 
then seem advisable. 

To complete the Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, Associate 
Curator Charles E. Hellmayr proceeded with his studies of New 
World birds, working in Geneva, Switzerland, and in London. In 
co-operation with Mr. Boardman Conover, Research Associate, the 
manuscript was practically completed for the penultimate part of the 
Catalogue, which will contain the game birds of the Americas. The 
final part of this notable work, dealing with the birds of prey and 
some of the lower orders, is being prepared by Dr. Hellmayr. 

Besides making studies essential for the preparation of anatomi- 
cal and biological bird exhibits which are under way, Mr. Rudyerd 
Boulton, Curator of Birds, continued his research on African birds 
in this Museum and in the American Museum of Natural History 
in New York. At the end of the year he made necessary arrange- 
ments for the Leon Mandel Caribbean Expedition, sailing January 
1, 1940. A full account of this expedition will appear in the 1940 
Annual Report. 

Shortly after his return in January from the Sewell Avery Zoo- 
logical Expedition to British Guiana, details of which were given in the 
1938 Report, Mr. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator of Birds, began 
work on a report concerning the British Guiana birds that he ob- 
tained on the 1937 and 1938 expeditions to that country. Mrs. 
Ellen T. Smith, Associate in the Division of Birds, and Mr. Sidney 

v Ri 


Bteard Mr. Karl P. Schn Curator 

Amphib ind \\< four j>ublica- 

ti<>r i in the /.■ ea, furth* .'lies on 

obfx ^ pe- 

n !!•■ r of 

iirnal. I >r H- I 
M. S durinj 


and of the hears and ited, 

Mr. I » I ».'. ml Curator of 

Ana' and 

the Work Teat 

Admini Irawinga illus- 

ing th< Mr. D 

reaearch on an adult i m the 

ill wild 

t his sj a nun intere- 


In the I H 

• 11 
-1 in ' irnal, S'auiilus. Hr 

if comi 
marine in ised in pari on the re 

of the Muse n • vhile anj 



!.-••!. . • Homer, Minne-I 

the lif< 

Suco eful re-j 
suits in t' e courtesy of th< 


In ' partnu 

ally larjre numt • being 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. 12, Plate 9 


Showing exceptionally long, needle-like development 

From Swindler Cave, Cushman, Independence County, Arkansas 

Approximately one-half actual size 

(Hall 34) 


Department of Zoology 85 

This is more than twice the number accessioned in 1938, which was 
previously considered a record year for additions to the collections. 
One acquisition, a gift of 35,076 birds, made up more than half of 
the total number of specimens acquired. The 381 accessions com- 
prised 1,396 mammals, 36,495 birds, 3,021 amphibians and reptiles, 
11,664 fishes, 1,179 insects, and 10,624 lower invertebrates. The 
accessions received as gifts consisted of 51,952 specimens; by ex- 
change, 2,007; from Museum expeditions, 9,010; and by purchase, 

Of the 1,396 mammals added to the collection, 357 came as gifts, 
only a limited number of which are here enumerated, the others 
being recorded in the list of zoological accessions (p. 128). Among 
the gifts were thirty-two specimens from the Chicago Zoological 
Society. From the Lincoln Park Zoo an adult lioness was received. 
Dr. Harold H. Nelson, of the Oriental Institute of the University of 
Chicago, presented sixty-three bats from Egypt, and Dr. Henry 
Field, of Chicago, gave twenty-four specimens of the same class of 
mammals that were taken in Iraq. For the acquisition of other 
desirable bats, collected in the countries of the respective donors, 
appreciation is due to Messrs. Michael Blackmore and J. L. 
Cha worth-Musters, both of London, England; Mr. H. St. John 
Philby, of Jidda, Arabia; Dr. L. C. Buckley, of Trang, Siam; and 
Brother Niceforo Maria, of Bogota, Colombia. Among the gifts 
of small mammals were twenty-nine from South Dakota, given by 
Mr. John M. Schmidt, of Homewood, Illinois; twenty-one from 
Iowa, presented by Mr. Harold Hanson, of Chicago; forty-four 
from Illinois and Tennessee, received from Mr. W. J. Beecher, of 
Chicago; and thirty-one from Mississippi and Florida, presented by 
Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, of Chicago. 

Nearly nine-tenths of the unusually large number of birds acces- 
sioned represented a single gift from an anonymous donor — the 
largest gift ever received by the Department of Zoology. This most 
noteworthy acquisition comprises the Louis B. Bishop Collection of 
North American birds, totaling more than 50,000 specimens, of 
which 35,076 are now in the Museum. The Bishop Collection (which 
will always be known by that name) supplements the approximately 
30,000 specimens of North American birds previously in the Museum, 
and it enormously increases the research facilities of this institution. 
Practically all known forms of American birds found north of Mexico 
are contained in the new collection, most of them being represented 
by large series of beautifully prepared specimens. Among the birds 

s»; in i.D m •■ i:m History Ri ol. 12 

ami 1,222 ipical can forms, 

and 1,419 'in the Old World. Particularly r thy in this 

valuable collection • albim* 

: mutants, and thirty-thn 

included 1 16 birds in tl 

rty-nine stud 3 from Mr. Habib R 

ton, British < ruian I lolombian s] 

•her Nici • Maria, of B olombi I fourteen mi • 

iatic bird 
I mdon, England. 

From Mrs. Charles A Corwin, of Chi< 

oil paint it Island bin: rk of I 

who w 51 iff Art (1 Museum. Mr. Mich 

New York. . and 

graphic studies, including both kodachromi ion pictures and 

kodachrome slides. of Mount 

These studies will be most useful in the pn ion of a kiwi hat 

•up in Hall 'J<>. 

<|ui>itions of amphibians and n includi 

mens that rom various donors In addition to other 

material. Mr. H. St. John I'hilby. <>:' .U<\<: d>ia, g 

and lizards from Arabia. A collection -.ty-four 

Chih miens that from I >r. Dillman S. Bullock, 

ol, Chile, will pro :"ul for study in con: \ with the 

amphibians and reptiles that may be taken by the Museum's 

lanic lition. A v:ift of eight} from 

from I »r. C. I.. Turner, of I n. Illi- 

bb Wl f Thomasvi' -.tinued to 

show her int • -inp fourteen 

salamai oakes. A collection of fifty- 

itJ I I Mr. John M. Schmid' 

Hon • i. Illu salam and 

rn Missouri was m I >r. Julian A. 

mark. Mr. Lores I'. V' d Mr. E G J Falcl 

Supply Ho 

.uarium aj:ain contrib . 
a mini 1 amphibians 

The acqui in the 1 rthy for 

their scierr md unusually ' early nine- 

tent •. of tl *ived ifts, and mo- 

Department of Zoology 87 

these came from the collectors. A much needed desideratum for 
the exhibit of fishes was filled by the gift of a very large tarpon 
received from Mr. Henry Barthman, of Useppa Island, Florida. 
During his study of stream fishes in the United States, Mr. Loren P. 
Woods, of Evanston, Illinois, collected 9,361 specimens which he 
gave to the Museum. From Dr. Henry Field, of Chicago, eighty-six 
shore fishes from York Harbor, Maine, were received. They will 
prove useful for comparison with specimens collected by the Rawson- 
MacMillan Subarctic Expeditions (1926 and 1927-28). Further 
contributions from the John G. Shedd Aquarium, Chicago, con- 
sisted of seventy-six specimens, a small series of which were especially 
collected in Hawaiian waters for the Museum. 

The sixty accessions of insects comprised a comparatively limited 
number of specimens, of which 589, or about half, represented small 
donations. Dr. Lewis H. Weld, of East Falls Church, Virginia, 
presented thirty-three gall wasps and one parasite from Turkey and 
the western United States. This gift was of especial value in that 
it included twelve paratypes. Equally welcome, for the same 
reason, were twenty-one histerid beetles, including eight paratypes, 
received from Mr. Rupert L. Wenzel, of Chicago. Mr. H. E. Wood- 
cock, of Chicago, gave sixty-two butterflies from Europe and New 
Mexico; and Dr. Henry Field, of Chicago, supplementing previous 
gifts, presented 151 specimens of various insects from Iraq. 

Gifts of lower invertebrates consisted of 4,077 specimens, amount- 
ing to nearly half of the total number added to the collection. Many 
were of outstanding value. Among the more desirable acquisitions 
were 585 specimens from southwestern Asia and Maine, received 
from Dr. Henry Field, of Chicago; 683 lower invertebrates from 
Central America, contributed by Mrs. George L. Artamonoff, of 
Chicago; 1,381 specimens, mostly mollusks, from the Puget Sound 
region, given by Mr. Loren P. Woods, of Evanston, Illinois; and 215 
specimens, including a number of crustaceans, from Florida, collected 
and presented by Mr. Alfred C. Weed, of Chicago. 

Among the many vertebrate animals accessioned are 232 speci- 
mens that filled needs in the study collection of the Division of 
Anatomy and Osteology. Of these, 217 were skeletons, and the re- 
maining fifteen were preserved complete for study of the soft anat- 
omy, or were injected with colored masses for research on circulatory 
systems. Nearly all of these specimens were received in the flesh, 
and most of them were contributions from the Chicago Zoological 

*s Fir.i.n Mrsi UM OP N .> R] . VOL. 12 

thy quantity of material was obtained from Museum 
editions. The final results of ti will pi 

when the two il hern ( 'hile 

and in Yucatan have finished their work. These expediti 
continuing into 1940, and much of their 19! I ions 

will not 1" until their return. tanl Curator 

Blake, leader of tin ry Zoological Expedition to Brii 

; in January With fifty-one mammals, 500 bi: 

amphibians and reptiles, and 752 fishes. An account of this expe- 
dition, and of its 1<>ss of man; 

•i in the R for 1988. < m an I Florida for I 

exhibition and study material. - 

and Curator Fri' Hat turtles, four snakes and 

758 fishes, and approximately 6,000 • brates. 

During the preliminary part of the Magellanic Fx; n, Cur 

Colin ('. Sanborn and Curator Karl P. Schmidt. Mr. 

John Schmidt, colli in Peru 484 mamma! birds, about 

1,200 amphibians and rej>til< • • ral hundred fis ind in.- 

and 806 isopods, crayfish and mollusks. Two i »f the 

of t ; ment of Geology ant Curator Bryan Pa 

and tiit James II . Quinn ally on the Field 

Museum Paleontologica] Expedition to Colorado the following 

a for the Department of Zooloj ten mammals, twenty-eight 
bird bk< . 106 snakea and lizar • Bra] hundred u and 

241 lower invert 

The acquisitions ol during the year 

and ma;, be daasifit follows: mammals, 4 J 7 » » : b 

unphibians and reptiles,] L01;andii 20. M 

rial obtained in this manner i .1 value b> iens 

ariy alwa; i for a urpoee. 

For Museum publications, thirty-eight small mammals I hile 

• : from I >r. I >. S. Bullock, <•'' Angol, Chile, 
exrhan i Mr. Rinker, of Hamilton. Kar. -one 

mammals wi From the British Museum Natural 

England, 1 • cimeni 
h the Museum of Com] . Cambri 

sachu H e mamma i. The twenty-nine 

bin: - included three genera, n; 

and OfN not pn nted in Field Museum. A ' 

collection I the genu . numberir 

and including the ty] >f nine forms, was received under 
an exchange agreement with I )r. F. H. Taylor, of the University of 

Department of Zoology 89 

Kansas. Amphibians and reptiles were obtained also by exchange 
from the Bombay Natural History Society, the Museum of Zoology 
of the University of Michigan, and the Texas Co-operative Wild 
Life Research Unit. By a special exchange with Ohio State Univer- 
sity, 101 specimens of fishes were procured for the study collection. 

To the Museum's large series of birds of prey, there were added 
253 specimens from twelve different countries. This addition was 
made through the fund established by the late Leslie Wheeler and 
continued in his memory. Mr. Wheeler was a Trustee of the Mu- 
seum and Research Associate in the Division of Birds. The Emily 
Crane Chadbourne Zoological Fund made possible the acquisition of 
159 miscellaneous birds. 

Purchases were neither large nor numerous, barely exceeding a 
thousand specimens. Among the mammals added to the collection 
in this manner were 100 specimens from Tanganyika Territory; a 
ring-tailed cat, four skunks, three deer and sixty-five bats from Mex- 
ico; and six African forest hogs, which are being mounted for a group 
exhibit. Other purchases included 205 amphibians from northern 
California; 101 specimens from Ecuador; forty-one snakes, lizards, and 
turtles from Arkansas; and 419 butterflies and moths from Ecuador. 


In the catalogues of the Department, 18,477 entries were made 
during the year. By subject they are divisible as follows: mammals, 
981; birds, 12,329; amphibians and reptiles, 2,681; fishes, 459; and 
lower invertebrates, 2,027. The entries for vertebrates include 261 
anatomical "and osteological specimens. 

The rearrangement of the mammal collection, involving the 
reattaching of the original labels to skins received prior to 1908, was 
steadily continued. For the rearrangement program and for the 
acquisitions of the year, 1,675 skin and 1,500 skull labels were 
typed, 4,425 skin labels were attached to specimens, and 3,200 
labels for skulls were placed in vials and boxes. The specimen 
cards typed, checked with the catalogue, and filed, aggregated 
14,055. To prevent the intermingling of the skins with their skulls 
in vials and boxes, 3,146 wooden strips were placed as separators in 
the trays containing comparatively small specimens. Other work 
on the collections included the arrangement of thousands of speci- 
mens in a taxonomic and numerical order. 

The activities of the Division of Birds were mainly directed to 
the care of new material and the reorganization of the research 

Field Mi f rai ! ; n Ri L2 

;rds in alcohol. It 
tinuir rearrangement of the colli , much tin fd 

ing identifies l< 'lng th< ns 

iphically. In t r '11 


In carrying forward n»vrs.sary ii m'i 

lai . four ; n the 

ami boxed nun ed in trays with 

• ami arranged in their 

original data slips, arid t: illy checked 

anil label his work. '1 lore uni- 

form expansion collection, all of th< 

( )ld birdskins. <>r sk from 

be rei aired, 1. This 

importai ntion p 1,624 by two <.r thi 

ddermi ' eum by the Works Progress 


To all of the .''..< >'_M amphibians and n 
individual tag numbers u- ind th< 

As in the duplic 

number. For the 
:." mpiled and 

t>: - 10 bibliographic cards I 1 the files. In 

addition to th< .! wori irting, injecting, identifying, and 

distributing new material, attention 
menl 1 ihol in the 

tant W( railabh - he 

months of t ' it, then no 

curtailment in t on or in its continued improve- 

ment, i . numl :nens, 

ind tile d the 

n the : the exami- 

nai nd handlir A large amount of w< 

ihol Vf m many jars and tanks and 


T nnulations of skeletons in the 1 on 

my and I arrange the entire 

collet^ *he material essible for n Terence. A 

Department of Zoology 91 

notable beginning has been made on a well-prepared series of animals 
for study of the soft anatomy. This small collection has already 
proved its value in connection with research projects. A total of 
655 skulls were cleaned for the Division of Mammals, and 247 skele- 
tons were prepared, numbered, and labeled. 

The insects received were, for the most part, pinned, labeled, 
and distributed according to their respective families. For eight 
months of the year a WPA worker compiled, typed, and filed 5,590 
bibliographic cards on North American butterflies. As a volunteer 
worker for nearly two months, Dr. Eugene Murray-Aaron added 
5,395 more index cards to the bibliographic file. In the latter part 
of the year a WPA worker respread 803 butterflies and pin-labeled 
264 insects of various orders. 

In the Division of Lower Invertebrates attention was given 
mainly to identifying, numbering, and labeling new and old unclassi- 
fied material, especially mollusks and crustaceans. There were 2,027 
entries made in the catalogue, and 650 old entries were revised, but 
the total number of specimens recorded, numbered, and card- 
indexed was 21,300, of which 18,500 were mollusks. Until nearly the 
end of August, Miss Claire Nemec, volunteer Associate, sorted, classi- 
fied, and labeled many of the Museum's miscellaneous crustaceans. 

In nearly all divisions of the Department, valuable assistance 
was rendered by volunteer or student workers. In the Division of 
Birds, Mr. Albert Vatter, of Glenview, Illinois, worked for three 
months, principally on American finches. For varying periods of 
time, four students aided in the work of the Division of Amphibians 
and Reptiles. Mr. Fred Bromund continued to list and check the 
Museum's collection of crocodiles. Messrs. Robert A. Burton, John 
Kurfess, and Robert Guillaudeu assisted in the naming and distrib- 
uting of North American material, in checking and relabeling speci- 
mens in large tanks, and in preparing scale counts of snakes. During 
ten months of the year, Miss Charlotte D. Stephany did secretarial 
work in the Division, as a volunteer. Another volunteer worker 
was Mr. Walter Serbowski who, during his spare time, did con- 
siderable clerical work in the Division of Fishes. 


Two large habitat groups of birds were completed and placed on 
exhibition in Hall 20, and a Hall of Invertebrates (exclusive of 
arthropods), designated as Hall M, was opened to the public. Addi- 
tions to the synoptic exhibits of mammals and birds were also made. 

M op N .' R] 

To U i and hoofed mammals in "•!. 

. Iman Hall Hall 1 opes and 

Tl • mown - 'id 

Assistant '1 1 -'rank Wonder. these animals was 

 Hunter's anl obtaii Harold White John Coats 

pican : ition i, an ant Hope 

in east Erica b u*l E. I Museum 

ition in 1 third well- 

known chamois, from Yu. 
of Peru, Illin 

With live giant pandas now availab • udy. it was 

found advisable to remount the tw in the Museum's 

up of these animals in William V. Kelley Hall Hall IT . This 
by M Fri cooc r and Wond< 

In Hall la, which ection of mammals 

w<»rld other than the hi ind hoof* M. 

Pullman Hall, a i 18 reinstalled in an attractive 

manner by 1 W. E. Eigsti. Twel re 

: and pla groundwork bases. Tv. imens were 

add . namely, a Malabar giant squirrel, and a ruku; 

which is a large rock-inhabiting rodent from Peru. The exhibit of 
marsupials in the same hall was enlarged by the addit 

BCUnen mount Mr. I . red-necked 

Uaby with its young, and a dama wallaby <>r padenv ' hich is a 

small wallaby that lives in dense scrub or among tall marsh grass in 

ralia and on the islai A numl 

iitional mammals mounted in 1939 an US, 

awaiting installation. They indu river hog, about 

thirty fur gibbons, and t? 

Tl two bird exhibit public view in Hall 2 


ern Brazil and ' lult rhea , 

aiding which rins thirty egps and two chicks 

in the procesi of hatching. Other I i burrowing 

inamou, and er. The background, which was 

painted I Arthur <i. K |< •■ . illustrates the 

pi. i7il. where the specimens were 

Assistant Curator Kmmet R. P.lake on the Stanley 

•xlition to British Guiana and Brazil. The 

birds in thl 3 .dermist John W. 

Moyer; and the foreground, for which 60,000 blades of grass were 














— 1 






v "' 



P 3 







• *3 


Department of Zoology 


made, was produced under the direction of Mr. Frank H. Letl, 
Preparator of Accessories. 

The other new exhibit in Hall 20 is an attractive habitat group 
of the red grouse. These are game birds well known to sportsmen of 
the Old World. The group is intended to represent the moors of 
Selkirkshire, Scotland, in October. Seven birds are shown on or near 
patches of snow on one of the heather-covered hills of the region. 
In the background, painted by Staff Artist Rueckert, are portrayed 
similar hills with intervening cultivated valleys. The birds were 
mounted by Taxidermist Moyer, and the foreground was constructed 
under the direction of Mr. Letl. 

A temporary exhibit, based on the Bishop Collection of North 
American birds, was prepared and displayed for six weeks in Stanley 
Field Hall. Two cases were used: the specimens in one illustrated 
seasonal plumage changes, geographical variation, and range of 
color within a genus; in the other case were shown rare and extinct 
birds of North America. Another temporary exhibit in Stanley 
Field Hall was a case of various birds' eggs. After the Easter period 
this exhibit was moved to the west end of Hall 21. A base for five 
geese and swans was prepared by WPA workers for a case in the series 
of foreign birds arranged in systematic order in Hall 21. By the 
same workers, the albino mammals and birds at the east end of that 
hall were renovated and reinstalled. For an addition, to be made 
in 1940, to the exhibit of foreign birds, seventeen ducks and geese 
were mounted by Taxidermist Moyer. 

A further increase was made by Taxidermist Leon L. Walters 
in the number of reproductions prepared for use in the reinstallation 
of cases in the Hall of Reptiles (AlberrW. Harris Hall— Hall 18). 
The new life-like reproductions in pyralin and cellulose-acetate 
include a brightly colored wood frog and the six-lined lizard of the 
Chicago region ; two Florida reptiles which are blind worm-like 
lizards; a Javanese water snake, and a Central American rat snake. 

A number of specimens have been accurately reproduced for a 
new Hall of Fishes which, it is believed, will be opened to the public 
in 1940. For the Maine and the Texas fish groups in the new hall, 
Taxidermist L. L. Pray has prepared fifty-three and twenty speci- 
mens respectively. Many accessories for these groups have already 
been installed. 

Good progress was made on the preparation of material for ex- 
hibits of a biological and anatomical nature. Seventeen enlarged 
models were completed to illustrate the life history of a frog and a 

■'. OP N L2 



m. ae mo n of staff 

includi H P. Schmidt, I). Dwight I>.. 

ink II. Letl. Read) forinstalh and pre para* 

t i<>i; ing the nal and 

tructure of bir I '"ae were skillful! Miss 

\Y! •' Mr. I! ; IJou 


I ill series in Stanle eld Hall, in-, 

animals have n<»t I i nun;: 


early in April, • i Hall 

and their ;i!lies wai ublie. The new hall, designated 

Hall M, illuminated ii nner 

• lijjh t i.ved 

on a eof the caaea 

of more than a hundred 
fami mollusks, includii . some of which 

i individual case pn men 

of the II, the giant clam of tl ific and 

Indian oceans. In tl 

m the ceiling 
.aid a; 
which /est known. 

I'.- e and laborat tly required 

rapidly incrca.-. unphibians and reptih 

<»ining nmm for this purpoet. 

Desiral :ee ami imp: «>m, 

h hit- •  : by the bir Mr. 

-<>s ai ill cases v 

ion in 
n. for 



the Harr ; ally 

three ie maintenance ration of exi- 

exhi 1; the promotion of closer 

n with the public schools in the solution of their problems 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 95 

in science instruction; and the development of the Department's 
collections of material for lending. 

Approximately 250 local plant specimens were collected during 
the year for addition to a reference herbarium from which teachers 
may borrow material for use in the presentation of certain subjects 
in botany. By this means it will be possible for instructors to obtain 
accurately named specimens in a sufficient number to cover ade- 
quately at one time a particular aspect of the local flora. This type 
of loan material is intended to supplement the life-like plant models 
now in circulation. 

Plant specimens collected previously, numbering 930, were 
determined and mounted on herbarium sheets by the Department 
of Botany. Common names and family relationships were included 
on typewritten labels attached to the sheets, and each sheet was 
covered with a transparent wrapping material for protection. 

Specimens were collected for the construction of models already 
under way or planned for the near future, and numerous molds were 
made for this purpose. 

Material relating to the life history of the honeybee was received 
from Mr. Ellsworth Meineke, of Arlington Heights, Illinois. Besides 
specimens showing wax production, pollen collecting, and other 
features of bee life, Mr. Meineke provided a brood frame with live 
bees in an observation hive. The material is being used to complete 
exhibits upon which considerable work has already been done. 

Forty articles relating to Chicago area Indians, and fifty examples 
of Mexican pottery, clothing, and Aztec carvings (the last-named in 
plaster of Paris casts) were transferred from surplus storage material 
in the Department of Anthropology to the Harris Extension. Dr. 
Nora Brandenburg, of Chicago, gave fourteen specimens of Indian 
beadwork obtained on the Rosebud Reservation of South Dakota in 
1912. Odd as it may seem, some of the specimens were excellent 
examples of the type of work done by Indians of the Chicago area. 

Approximately 1,500 insects were obtained by purchase for 
addition to a reserve collection for the replacement of damaged 
specimens in existing exhibits, or the preparation of new exhibits 
dealing with insects. 

Twenty new installations were completed during the year. These 
include two duplicate cases showing cliff swallows nesting on a lime- 
stone cliff. The descriptive labels for these cases display a map 
outlining the migration routes of the cliff swallow. This addition 

'.'<; I'lr.i.D Ml si i M OF N \iu:\i. H OL. 12 

examph being i 

many different . 

Tun exhibits illustrating the progress «.f the 

ariing were prepared. The) bI .nd 

molting. 'I irling '•'■ • sample 

h <>nly nnc annual molt. 

>ur similar cases ining I eted. They 

mtain realistic models of an olive branch in fruit. dis] I in 

association with important i<- products of the in<: 

PI ind Other matt-rial  : for the completion of these 

given by the Sylmar Packing ("on- Ixjs 


Material relating to the Indians of the Chicago an ed 

in eight Th< i and in I in 

They represent tin- beginning of a 
nei '• hich I ! interest to 

 >ol children. 

An exhibit of eight if fungi was installed in u*. 

This i a distinct impr nt upon a previous simila 

ich it replaces. Duplical if common Hies, moths, and 

: and install* 
•hools were added to the list of thoa :vinp Harris 

and li ir various The 

net gain of two brings th< il now 

During] nteen deli or loans of t 

ma schools and institutions. Tl -es 

thus kepi in constant circulation suffered no signific 

their while in the although the cabinet of one 

: air. Ten, or slightly more than one 
 d dai iwork; in twenty-; r slight 

 nt. the front gl •■ broken, and on 

tiding label ' :. Thus it is se 

th .. gliding label frames, which are in the nature of an a; 

vulnerable part of the asset 
To :"rames. in an « 

with auxiliary label 
gui with new solid bottoms, replac- 

whicfa had split, or in which the layers of wood 
:. "Hani ipe»" which relieve the corners of the 

from all strain when th< e hung on hooks, were added 

forty-three c 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 97 

One hundred and thirty- two cases with either black or gray interiors 
were painted buff. In reinstalling the material in the newly painted 
cases, every practical effort was made to improve appearance by 
changes in layout, additions of material, or methods of attachment. 
The guiding policy has been to bring all of the existing exhibits to 
a uniform standard of quality as quickly as possible, postponing 
time-consuming replacements or detailed refinements until later. 

In addition to the regular circulation of exhibits, thirty-three 
loans totaling 146 cases were made in response to special requests. 
Twelve of these loans included collections of unattached objects 
which could be handled by the pupils. In some instances, where 
the nature of the specimens permits, this procedure is believed to 
represent a desirable innovation with added educational advantages. 

A comprehensive loan of Mexican material, including four 
standard cases, as well as foodstuffs, articles of clothing, pottery, 
and Indian artifacts, was made to the Peterson Elementary School 
in connection with a school assembly program on Mexico. 

Small sets of unmounted rocks and minerals were lent to each 
of the eight district science advisors of the public elementary schools. 
In addition, two collections of unmounted rocks, minerals, soils, 
and fossils, comprising specific objective material needed for instruc- 
tion in a sixth grade unit of study in science, were lent. Organiza- 
tions other than schools which received special loans of cases were 
the Evanston Public Library, the Garden Club of Evanston, the 
book section of Marshall Field and Company's retail store, the United 
Charities Camp at Algonquin, Illinois, the Glenwood Park Training 
Camp (a WPA project) at Batavia, Illinois, and the International 
Live Stock Exposition at the Union Stock Yards, Chicago. 

A new room on the ground floor, near the service entrance to 
the Museum, was provided for the storage of the school cases. By 
storing them on shelves, instead of hanging them on racks as was 
done formerly, a great saving of valuable space has been effected. 
Cases which once occupied a floor area of 2,214 square feet when in 
storage on the third floor, now require only 1,190 square feet. A 
further move toward greater efficiency was the construction of four 
work tables in the new room in order that cleaning, polishing, and 
minor repairs may be done close to where the cases are stored. 
The location of the storerooms also saves valuable time by elim- 
inating trucking of cases to the third-floor area formerly occupied. 

The work of placing additional identifying numbers on each of 
the portable cases available for circulation was completed. The 

I'n i D Mua im of N pom Ri , Vol. 12 

numbers w\ encUed in a color that harn nth the 

case finish an< ides % inal bl 

figun ( '• '■■ b title number distinguished I formerly, 

sin< ■• al cases with • ; 

each title, it was difficult I a particular case 

OUt Of the Museum. 

m tru< 

distribution of During the school summer >n all 

sary work was complete maintain the trucks in g | 
.1 condition. 

The ol author: tress 
instruction in ols ha empha 

the importance of the work being done by the Harr -ion. 

Numerous let! if appreciation sent to the Museum I hoot 
and principals confirm this opinion. 



The year l ( . , : , ''. , has I mar!' tivity in the James 

Nfelson and Anna I Raymond Foundation. As in tl 

ertainments bavi I in the James Simpson Theatre, 

guid< en given for an u ed number of 

organizations, and -ion l< - in the Is have been 

broadened in i Ti • lio follow-up" programs bepun in 

- in c tion with th< entations <»f the Public School 

iia-il. mtinued. A eriesof talks 

arranged for the guidanot in ti 

and an • .mental .-■ lonal ims by 

eration with the Zenith \l 

< mi. I' ' ND POUNDAT1 

Thr of motion picture entertainments and one 

ic program p »r the young people of the com- 

munity. Th- 

- and the Ant 'oon- 

; Thp Plow That Hroke the Plair 

r c h 4 — How to I it Spring Birds; Where Bananas Ripen; Rainbow 

aural I 

Raymond Foundation 99 

March 11 — Father Noah's Ark (cartoon by Walt Disney); Living Jewels of the 
Surf; Sponge Divers of Tarpon; Monkey Business; Old Sea 

March 18 — Mr. and Mrs. Goldfinch; Cheeka the Indian Lad: Cheeka's Home; 
Cheeka's Canoe; Cheeka and the Caribou; The Proud Seminoles. 

March 25 — Pioneer Days (cartoon by Walt Disney); The Strange Duck-billed 
Platypus; Thrills of Bali. 

April 1 — The Declaration of Independence;* Elephants of Today. 

April 8 — Busy Beavers (cartoon by Walt Disney); In Faraway Manchukuo; 
We're on Our Way; The Life of a Plant; Spotted Wings. 

April 15 — Bill and Bob Trap a Mountain Lion; Our Four-footed Helpers; 
The Trumpeter; Majorca the Picturesque; Wild Life on the 

April 22 — Birds in the Spring (cartoon by Walt Disney); Chumming with 
Chipmunks; Leaping Through Life; Pottery Makers of the South- 
west; Nature's Armor. 

April 29 — In Nature's Workshop; Let's Save a Life; Mountains of Alaska; 
Our Zoo Acquaintances. 

Summer Course 

July 6 — The Musical Farmer (cartoon by Walt Disney); "Cimarron" (acted by 
chimpanzees); Hungarian Gypsy Dances; Grass — A Story of Persia. 

July 13— William Tell— A Story of Switzerland. 

July 20 — Frolicking Fish (cartoon by Walt Disney); Footprints and Bicycles; 

Water Fun; Adventures of a Mongrel Pup. 
July 27— The Gang (Boy Scout life). 

August 3 — The Busy Beavers (cartoon by Walt Disney); The Lovely Taj Mahal; / 
The Navaho Demon; Babes in the Woods. 

August 10 — The Wedding of Palo — A Story of Eskimo Life in Greenland. 

Autumn Course 

October 7 — Jolly Little Elves (Technicolor cartoon); The 17-year Locust; 

Hummingbirds at Home; Plants and Animals Prepare for Winter. 
October 14 — Gathering of the Clan; Boxing with Kangaroos; Columbus:* (a) 

At the Court of Isabella; (b) Landing on American Shores. 

October 21 — Animal Aristocracy; The "Father of Waters"; Romantic Mexico. 

October 28 — Fun with Don Heaton in the Wild West (Mr. Heaton in person). 

November 4 — Land of the Giants; Sea-going Thrills on the Wander Bird; Oriental 
Methods of Traveling; Glimpses of Old China. 

November 11 — Armistice Day Program: Famous Dixieland Spirituals; The Pil- 
grims Land at Plymouth;* The Signing of the Declaration of 
Independence;* The Moon and Its Features. 

November 18 — Hunting Musk Ox with the Polar Eskimos; Hunting Walrus; , 
Eskimo Life in Southern Greenland; In the Land of the Reindeer. 

November 25 — Winter (cartoon by Walt Disney); Learning to Ski; Sonja Henie, the 
Champion Skater; Life Under the South Seas; The Naas River 

* Yale Chronicles. Gift of the late Chauneey Keep. 

In addition to the afore-mentioned series of entertainments, a 
special program was given on Washington's Birthday featuring the 
films "Washington as a Boy," and "Washington as a Man." 

The total number of motion picture programs offered in the 
James Simpson Theatre was twenty-five, and the attendance at 

LOO Field MrsKiM ok N u, History Eli L2 

ese children's tainments was 31,31 number, 

attended the spring com ummer course, 14, 

• umn ierii 1,561 -n. 

Publicity wa i ti» [\  :■> I >>n 

Daily 1 
and /' many neighborhood and 

suburban paper 

ill LD Ml " rORIES RA1 

ral cli.-: •■ made in ti • for childn 

members <>f the Raymond Foundation staff. The name was 
changed from .V' >> Stories for Children to / 

.mi- a Qumberof a looseleaf Bene tantly 

in print for distribution at the Museum Book Shop. The form w 
to tit into binders of a'. ind the b 

"t blank for notes of th( r purchas 

Tl k Shoj» carried binders which a low . 

ling the showings of the motion picture 

Following is 'he list of Field .V' 



XIII — Why Li • rn 

• i vaho 
Indians; CI ' ' m in thi ' ■'. u and tho Nar- 

whal; Tli' h. 

A total of 28,000 Museum distribute those 

:invr the Saturday morning progran 


The use of • ibition halls for class work 

the following grou] ted tour 



Ch - 11 


and othpr nrganiz . 









. 3 

«  3 > < 

* S «# 


° ^ - 

•^ en 


Raymond Foundation 101 

Guide-lecture service was thus given to 1,100 groups, and the 
aggregate attendance was 38,175. Several of the schools receiving 
the tour service were also given illustrated talks in the Lecture Hall 
preceding the tour of the exhibition halls. These talks introduced 
the groups to the subjects in which they were to receive instruction, 
and oriented them for the tours. The leaders of the groups expressed 
themselves most enthusiastically regarding this type of Museum 
activity. As in 1938, many groups came from outside of the state. 
On December 5 and 7, the Museum was host to parties of 4-H 
Club boys and girls who visited the Museum for special tours of the 
halls devoted to prehistoric plant and animal life, prehistoric man, 
the living races of mankind, and the animal exhibits. The total 
number of delegates to the National Congress of 4-H Clubs who 
attended these special tours was 1,018. 


Extension lectures were offered to groups in educational institu- 
tions as in the past. For the first time, the lecturers have gone to 
the hospitals in which the Board of Education maintains teachers 
for confined pupils. Talks were given before groups of both ambula- 
tory and bed cases with most satisfactory results. The number of 
lectures presented before camp, church, and club groups also in- 
creased. A new and more attractive form of lecture list was sent 
out giving the subjects of lectures offered for presentation in class- 
rooms, laboratories and auditoriums. The subjects offered to high 
school groups were as follows: 

The Dynamic Earth and Its Meaning to Man; Animals and Plants of Prehistoric 
Ages; The Natural Fauna of the Chicago Region; The Natural Flora of the 
Chicago Region; Prehistoric Man; Ancient Roman Life; Egyptian Customs / 
and Art; Behind the Scenes at Field Museum; Taxidermy at Field Museum/ 
(demonstration to groups of 75 or less). 

The subjects offered to elementary schools were: 

For Geography and History 

North American Indians: Woodland Indians, Plains Indians, The Pueblos and 
the Navahos; Migisi, the Indian Lad; Mexico, the Land of the Feathered 
Serpent; Caribbean Lands (sugar, coffee, cacao, rubber, chicle, bananas, 
mahogany); South America; Life in Hot and Cold Lands; The Romans; 
The Egyptians; Prehistoric Peoples; Glimpses of Chinese Life. 

For Science Groups 
The Changing Earth: Earth History, Work of Wind and Water, Geography of the 
Chicago Area; Prehistoric Plants and Animals; Insect Friends and Enemies; 
Snakes and Their Relatives; Coal and Iron; Animals of the World at Home; 
Chicago Birds, Animals, Trees, Wild Flowers; Our Outdoor Friends; Nature 
in City Yards and Parks; Behind the Scenes at Field Museum. 

i Ri 
as fol 

■: > 4,' 1 

tures f the >nd 

n thu was 


mond ! 
I *til »li« »unril by presenting two te 

of programs which foil 

ised upon M iseum exhibits which 
with t ; in the 

Hall and 'rdinp to the 

Dumber it rapoaed of represea- 

: in the 

tributed, sample materials 
informal The m« 

were foil I to the topic of the d 

■*\s an •.. Twi 

and the 

\i> POUND 

Durii Museum 

D with the 
m a m otal 

\/.\ . M< ra of tl the 

and th< des, 

. livin 1 pictures tl • 

Th< s on which the lee- 

Intr Museum; The the Earth; 

American Hunters, Herders, 

and Farmers; l and Their \ 

during the ear. 


The science supervi Public ^ - perated 

Field Museum in presenting a series of talks and tours for the 

Raymond Foundation 103 

benefit of those teachers engaged in teaching science in the third, 
fourth, fifth, and sixth grades. The meetings were concerned with 
the science course presented to elementary grades during the first 
half of the 1939-40 school year. On November 4, the fifth and sixth 
grade teachers were guests of the Museum, and on November 18, 
third and fourth grade teachers received assistance. The subjects 
treated were: Earth History; Rocks and Minerals; Trees and Fungi; 
Bird Migrations; Cats, Dogs, and the Deer Family; Animals of the 
World; Winter Birds; Soil Erosion. The talks in the Lecture Hall 
were followed by tours and discussions. The comments of supervi- 
sors and teachers indicate that this type of Museum activity is of 
great importance to the teachers of the city and suburbs. Three 
hundred and fifty-four teachers took advantage of the programs 


For use in the Theatre, Lecture Hall, and in extension lectures, 
the Raymond Foundation acquired 1,513 stereopticon slides made 
by the Division of Photography. The Museum Illustrator, and 
assistants furnished by the Works Progress Administration, colored 
839 of these. 

The Foundation also received from Dr. Henry Field five large 
colored transparencies of Egyptian subjects; from Mr. John R. 
Millar, fifteen colored slides illustrating preparation of exhibits; and 
from the Chicago Slide Company, one slide of a Huon Gulf coconut 
shell cup. 


Guide-lecture service was made available without charge to clubs, 
conventions, hospital student groups, church groups, and other 
organizations, and to Museum visitors in general. During July 
and August, morning tours as well as afternoon tours were given. 
Monthly schedules of tours offered were printed, and copies dis- 
tributed at the main entrance of the Museum. City and suburban 
libraries and other civic organizations co-operated by distributing 
the schedules. Tours for the public included 101 of a general nature, 
and 194 on specific subjects. In the 281 groups which participated 
the gross attendance amounted to 5,117 persons. There were also 
special tours for 163 groups from colleges, clubs, hospitals, and 
other organizations, with 3,809 in attendance. 

The Raymond Foundation assisted in the commencement 
exercises held on June 8, for 1,077 foreign-born adults. As in past 

Field M m op Natural Histori Ri , Vol.12 

the Jamea Simpson '1 mailable to the Board 

of Education for the put] 

Th( of the Lecture Hall was grant* roc 

meetings of various kinds. Among I 

meetings, lectures for school gr club meetings, and the radio 

follow-up programs, [n aD, thirty-one group na, 

the Raymond Poundatioii in the \j Sail. 


The various activities of the Jamea Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Poundatioii for Public School and Children 1 I • Hires 
n-achrd a grand total of 2,2 ipa with an a 

• 3,766. 


The Museum'.- ty-firsl and seven t f free 

for adults were pn I in the Jamea Sin pson 

on Saturday afternoons during the spring and autumn montl 
in pa trs, they were illustrated with motion pictures 

pticon slides. Pollowing are t ; /rams of both .-• • 

r Krkk Lcctubs Coos 


M Baft . ' Ltural History. ! 

rch 1 1 Rainbow Kiv. - 
Mr Martin K 

Mar. i. I B Tl .I. 

M r. 

March 25  n. 

It i'.i ul C. II"<-:!'T. I> a \ fornia. 

- : ! 1 Th< 

Paul 9 Martin, I ' ' m of N ^ oral li 

April B '>ng th» 

Mr. Eld . Minneapolis, Minna 

in Shon 
William B. Holm 

- i 1 22 M;. ilu. 

Ir , Museum mparative Zool- . 


Wild Flow* 
Mr. John '.. Hoflj i a. 

md Faai 

bt \ Nat ira iry. 

Mr Karl Maslowski, Cinrinnati, Ohio. 

Africa 1'narmH. 


.1 A'lbrecht. Fidd Museum of Natural History. 

Layman Lecture Tours 105 

October 28 — Wings from the North. 

Mr. Martin K. Bovey, Concord, Massachusetts. 
November 4 — Wonders of Plant Life. 

Mr. Arthur C. Pillsbury, Berkeley, California. 
November 11— What Is Biblical Archaeology and Why? 

Dr. Nelson Glueck, Director of American School of Oriental 
Research, Jerusalem. 
November 18 — The Tundra Speaks. 

Dr. Arthur C. Twomey, Carnegie Museum. 
November 25 — Stratosphere Exploration. 

Major Chester L. Fordney, Great Lakes, Illinois. 

At these seventeen lectures the total attendance was 16,596 
persons, of whom 9,608 attended the spring series, and 6,988 the 
autumn series. 


Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, volunteer member of the Museum staff 
with the title of The Layman Lecturer, continued his popular Sunday 
afternoon lecture tours of Museum exhibits during all except the 
summer and early autumn months. As in the previous seasons 
since this activity was inaugurated in 1937, demands for accommoda- 
tions were so large that, to keep the groups participating within 
limits practicable for handling, it was necessary strictly to limit 
their size, and to require reservations in advance. In many instances, 
reservation lists were filled several weeks in advance. In all, Mr. 
Dallwig conducted thirty parties, and the aggregate attendance was 
2,647, or an average of 88 persons on each lecture tour. This average 
is higher than that of 1938 (which was 80), although the total attend- 
ance was slightly lower due to the fact that lecture tours were given 
on four fewer Sundays. 

Presenting his subjects from a new point of view, Mr. Dallwig 
carries into his work the enthusiasm and accuracy of a true scientist. 
His interpretations of the subjects, presented in wholly non- technical 
terms, make science easily understood and appreciated by his 

It should be emphasized that Mr. Dallwig's activities are wholly 
altruistic. He receives no compensation, direct or indirect, from 
either the Museum or his audiences. His only reward is in the satis- 
faction that he is performing a notable service to the public and to 
the cause of science. 

The subjects presented by Mr. Dallwig during 1939 were as 

January (four Sundays) — Parade of the Races (Hall of Man). 
February (four Sundays)— Gems, Jewels and "Junk" (Hall of Minerals and the 

Gem Room). 

Field Mua pory Ri . Vol. 12 

'il >ne 

. Jflwd Hall of Mineral* »nd the 



Instruction <»r similar 'ho Museum 

imprising individua These 

i include all tl in th- ing 

en and oil irticipated in th> >us 

 • elsoi nd Am 

Raymond Foundation, in add; nded the 

lecturei for adults in the James Simpson Tl and the 

who participated in the Sunday afternoon 'ours presented by the 
man Lectun 


ly growth in the Museum Library's collections, and a notable 

ion of t! igh then-. • ind 

ubfic [ ly, marked I With • 

tions. the total nun d pamphlets on the shelves reached 

proximately 11 s ," 1 "'. Simult isly with the expansion 

• ition 
of the I.ibr. r position as a leading >n in its 

Is. This <vn by the larjie number of 

both research u and laymen, who have m. lities, 

which include many • d valuable works not duplicated in BJ 

ot n in the Middle West, an ind else- 

e in the Unit illy gratifying has 

that the Library ha insulted students and 

instru from colleges, uni mdary instituti nd 

illy, the alinjj Room 

ha ixed by . p. Th< 

ha me not only from la in < nd its immediate 

vicinity, but have inclu<: DQ far distant load 'h, 

south, east, and 

D important development of th- the renewal of su 

iptions to a number of peri which had been discontinued 

in previous y» nd the a n of a few other.- :dered 

illy valuable. Among the | ided are: Animal nnd 

Library 107 

Zoo, Chronica Botanica, Botanical Miscellany, Fossilium Catalogus, 
Monumenta S erica, Palaeontographica Americana, Rabenhorst: Cryp- 
togamenflora Deutschlands, Temminckia, and Bronn's Tierleben. 

Progress has been made also in filling out incomplete files of the 
publications of various learned societies and institutions, many of 
which are received through exchanges for publications issued by 
Field Museum. Containing reports of scientific work being carried 
on in many parts of the world, the publications thus received from 
co-operating institutions are invaluable to Field Museum's scientific 
staff and to other scholars. The Library's plans embrace continuing 
efforts toward filling the remaining gaps in the files of such publications. 

In addition to obtaining new exchanges, it has fortunately been 
possible to complete by purchase the files of many other publications 
which were hitherto incomplete. 

A problem was presented by the beginning of the European war, 
which had an immediate adverse effect on the receipt of many 
foreign publications. Some of these ceased publication altogether 
for the duration of the conflict; others were curtailed in size, and 
became irregular in appearance; a number which have managed 
to carry on thus far face a precarious future. 

The Library has benefited by the foreign expeditions of members 
of the Museum staff. Incidental to their work in the field, Museum 
men have made many valuable contacts with other scientific institu- 
tions, and these have resulted in the establishment of new exchange 
relationships of a highly desirable nature. 

During the latter months of the year, an experienced book- 
binder was employed to recondition valuable books which had deteri- 
orated due to age. 

The acquisition of a number of new map cases is important. 
These permit the assemblage in one place of maps that previously 
were scattered in various parts of the building, thus making it more 
convenient for persons desiring to refer to them. It also facilitates 
proper care of the maps, some of which were in need of repairs 
when received in the Library. This work is in progress. Usefulness 
of the maps has been increased not only by their greater accessi- 
bility in the new location, but also by a catalogue, consisting of 
approximately 1,100 cards, prepared by Mr. Peter Gerhard, of 
Winnetka, a volunteer worker whose services in this project are 
greatly appreciated. 

Another addition to the Library is a new case especially for rare 
books. Although it is not the policy of the Museum to purchase 

108 Fi i Rj . Vol. \2 

rfmprj for th- tinen« • 

knowli Museum and ita Library are 

i nun :' great rarity \ rtheleei 

imulated ai  result both <>f gifts and purchase* 

• • published in U early f printing them are 

rthy f<»r their sijmil in th- Because 

of their age and vai medal care which the new book* 
poaaib • 

for the expanding 
collecl . was ma railabh rel ;rninn t<» the Librar 

Congress lift volumes of I '• R< 'he S« 

which did not properly fall within P . hl.rar 

mil hi 

Many ; • and institutioi »ntributed pem-rously to 

Library. FVom the Carnegie Institution, «>f Washington, I 1 

tions which 1 l>carinn upon reeearcfa work in ; 

Museum. Useful I rks wen presented by I >r 

•:T. th- Research Asso i'.otany. 

Mr. Stan!- -ntinu- 

of ; published, the issues of the IllustraUd 

I Vewe in which a; many notabh 'id articles 

on Bcientif] ilarly in \monj; others 

who pilar 1 e Mr. Elm 

I >r. Henry Fi- hysical 

Anthropology; Mr. William .1. ird, C Insect; Mr. 

Karl 1' Schmidt, Cur Amphibians and R< 

Cliff im. Men f the staff 

who . • I »r. Field; I >r Lewis, 

Curator of V Mr. Paul (' . < "urator 

oft: um; Mr. Henry W. Nichi «gy; 

I >r. Paul S. Martin. d Mr. 

J. 1 ' Herbarium. 

.-•• I »r . 'US 

Moriey, of the Carnegie Institution, Washington, I dial 

ne Murra;. 
Mr. W. T England, and M eorg YetJesen, 

of New York. Mrs. \f of two beautifully 

prepared volum* nines* »>enth to nineteenth 

centuries . Th» prep;. Mr. Stanh 

•id picture objects in Mr n collection. 







PS £ 
O o 

o _. 

U 3 



O <n 







Publications and Printing 109 

Among important purchases of the year should be mentioned 
the following: Linden and Rodigas, Lindenia (12 vols.); Franz 
Werner, Catalog der Conchylien Sammlung (3 vols.); Seler, Gesam- 
melte Abhandlungen zur Amerikanischen Sprach und Alterthumskunde 
(5 vols.) (translation) ; De Toni, Sylloge Algarum; La Nouva Notarisia 
(1889-1925); S. Umehara, Objects from the Old Tombs of Chun 
T'sung in Lolang; Edgeworth, Cranial Muscles of Vertebrates; Kappers 
and others, Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System; Indian 
Arts and Letters (new series, vols. 2-8); and D. A. Bannerman, 
Birds of Tropical Africa (vols. 2-5). 

As in previous years, the Library acknowledges with gratitude 
the courtesies extended to it by the Library of Congress, Washington, 
D.C.; the John Crerar Library, Chicago; the Library of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago; the Library of the American Museum of Natural 
History, New York; the Library of the Peabody Museum at Harvard 
University; the Columbia University Library, New York; and the 
Library of the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 

Special mention should be made of the untiring work of Mrs. 
Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian, and Mrs. Mary W. Baker, Associate 
Librarian, for their ceaseless efforts in classifying and making 
available to scientists and other research workers the tremendous 
store of scientific information on deposit at Field Museum Library. 


As in previous years, the Museum distributed generously the 
numerous publications issued during 1939. To the institutions and 
individual scientists on its exchange lists the Museum last year 
sent 14,894 copies of scientific publications, 1,557 leaflets, 99 mis- 
cellaneous publications and pamphlets, and 288 copies of large 
maps showing tribal allocation in the Near East. Domestic and 
foreign distributions were about equal. An increase of twenty-eight 
was made in the number of names on the domestic and foreign 
exchange lists. 

The Museum also sent 3,797 copies of the Annual Report of the 
Director for 1938, and 621 copies of leaflets, to Members of the 

Sales during the year totaled 2,330 scientific publications, 7,737 
leaflets, and 12,033 miscellaneous publications and pamphlets, such 
as Guides, Handbooks, and Memoirs. 

Sixteen large boxes containing 2,787 individually addressed 
envelope parcels and 307 wrapped packages of publications were 

11«) FlEl D tY— Rl . \ OL. L2 

•nian Institu- D.C., through 

whose bureau of international • n was made to 

fon .is 

An approxima |ual qu *se books was tent 

mail institu libraries, an mists 


■r futuj Lribution, - 

wrapped in and stored I aKr of paj 

in I in. 

A n< oluni' "s by 

the publi s, by 

bibliography is in* aa a 

many phases of the bi is, -M 

r than that h • • ritten 

tut them. It. book] lmulus to those 

wl n things about birds other than their names, places 

in • • »n, and regions in which they live. 

important volume publisl • he 

I >r Henry Field. It U 

which show tl 
tribes in ! '1 in v. 

during tl • in the bo* 

Man-Eating I 


I I "> • i. 

amount of public interest 
in ' 

numb ards sold durii 

of which 11. 

il it - 
of wild tui from  natural color photograph d 

hell. Research Aas in Photogra 

subject, was rie assortment of individual post cards. 

Pr the I n of Printing included twenty-eight 

numbers in the Mu- regular publication series. These 

tion. Five of these were 
ant! il in subject mar tanical, five geological, 

thirteen z< Report of 0u I 

The aggregate number of copies of these printed 

- A. Ross 

Publications and Printing 111 

Field Museum Press was 29,707. Of three indexes — one zoological 
and two botanical — consisting of 94 pages, 2,481 copies were printed. 
In the two new botanical leaflets issued, the number of pages was 50, 
and the copies aggregated 4,544. A reprint totaling 3,564 copies 
of the nineteenth edition of the General Guide, containing 56 pages 
and six illustrations, was issued. An eighth edition of the Handbook 
of Field Museum, consisting of 76 pages, was also issued, followed 
by a reprint, the two printings totaling 2,786 copies. The total 
number of pages printed in all books was 3,504; the total number 
of copies issued was 43,082. 

Miscellaneous job work, the total of which exceeded that of any 
previous year, consumed a large part of the time in the Division. 
Of major importance was the printing of twelve issues of Field 
Museum News, which was increased to eight pages per issue at the 
beginning of the year, with an average of 5,000 copies a month. 
This increase made it possible to amplify the information sent out 
monthly to the members of the Museum, and others. Exhibition 
labels printed for all Departments of the Museum during the year 
reached a total of 4,996. Other impressions, including Field Museum 
News, Museum stationery, posters, lecture schedules, post cards, 
etc., brought the total for the year to 1,012,326. 

The splendid record of achievement in the field of publications 
is in no small sense due to the careful and efficient work of Miss 
Lillian A. Ross, editor and proofreader, whose knowledge and ability 
in the field of scientific publication have made possible comparatively 
large scale production with a negligible minimum of error. The 
responsibility for the distribution of Museum publications in turn 
rests upon the capable shoulders of Mrs. Elsie H. Thomas, who 
has carefully systematized her office in order to eliminate loss of 
time between the pressroom at Field Museum and scientific libraries 
throughout the world. 

A detailed list of publications follows: 

Publication Series 

435.— Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 1. New Central American Frogs of the 
Genus Hypopachus. By Karl P. Schmidt. January 30, 1939. 6 pages, 
1 text-figure. Edition 843. 

436.— Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 2. A New Lizard from Mexico, with a note 
on the genus Norops. By Karl P. Schmidt. January 30, 1939. 4 pages, 
1 text-figure. Edition 800. 

437.— Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 3. A New Australian Lizard, with a note 
on Hemiergis. By Hobart M. Smith. January 30, 1939. 4 pages, 
4 text-figures. Edition 822. 

438.— Zoological Series, Vol. 24, No. 4. Notes on Mexican Reptiles and Am- 
phibians. By Hobart M. Smith. January 30, 1939. 22 pages, 1 text- 
figure. Edition 823. 

1 12 Field M u i Ri rj 


a from 


I V Author 

the I 1 'bt 

xiii. n m, 


mith. July 'J?. 19.19. 396 
pacta, '■'■ I'.-i'- -. 59 t«-Tt -T"i^-in-M Kdition Ml. 

'.' -t». 



I, N 
impbell * ion 928. 

m British < 


in<\ Amphibian* f: 'b- 

ber 19, 1939. 44 pajpn*. 
1 • 

ntz Haaa. 



XVII, x . Hawaiian Kupbor- 


rua wrpto- 

Hjp*. 1 • 

• rmina* 

By Roblfy D- 
II, 1931. 

U \ I til , f Bird*. Author 

. 1989. 
.:ion No. 4 ; 
thropo '.nthropok>fy 

Iran. By Hei .ber 15. 1939. 508 page*. 20 U>> 

figures. 1 map. } 750. 

Photography and Illustration 113 

459. — Anthropological Series, Vol. 29, No. 2. Contributions to the Anthropology 
of Iran. By Henry Field. December 15, 1939. 198 pages, 4 text- 
figures, 144 plates. Edition 750. 

Map A. Distribution of Tribes in Iraq. Size 19x24 ]4. inches. (To accom- 
pany "The Anthropology of Iraq," by Henry Field, Anthropological Series, 
Vol. 30.) Edition 1,000. 

Map B. Distribution of Tribes in Western Iran. Size 19 x 24 J^ inches. (To 
accompany "Contributions to the Anthropology of Iran," by Henry Field, 
Anthropological Series, Vol. 29.) Edition 1,000. 

460. — Botanical Series, Vol. 20, No. 2. Francis Wolle's Filamentous Myxophyceae. 
By Francis Drouet. December 22, 1939. 50 pages, 1 text-figure. Edition 

461. — Botanical Series, Vol. 20, No. 3. The Planktonic Freshwater Species of 
Microcystis. By Francis Drouet and William A. Daily. December 22, 
1939. 20 pages. Edition 1,000. 

462. — Anthropological Series, Vol. 31, No. 1. Anthropometric Observations on 
the Eskimos and Indians of Labrador. By T. Dale Stewart. December 
30, 1939. 164 pages, 16 plates, 1 text-figure, 1 map. Edition 625. 

Botanical Series, Vol. XVIII. Index. January, 1939. 46 pages. Edi- 
tion 831. 

Botanical Series, Vol. XIII, Part II. Index. February, 1939. 24 pages. 
Edition 824. 

Zoological Series, Vol. XX. Index. July, 1939. 24 pages. Edition 826. 

Leaflet Series 

Botany, No. 23. Carnivorous Plants and "The Man-Eating Tree." By 
Sophia Prior. 20 pages, 8 plates. February, 1939. Edition 2,044. 

Botany, No. 24. Mistletoe and Holly. By Sophia Prior. 30 pages, 8 text- 
figures. December, 1939. Edition 2,500. 

Handbook Series 

Handbook. Information concerning the Museum — its history, building, 
exhibits, expeditions, endowments, and activities. Eighth edition. 
February, 1939. 76 pages, 8 plates, 1 cover design. Edition 2,248. 

Handbook. Eighth edition (reprint). February, 1939. 76 pages, 8 plates, 
1 cover design. Edition 538. 

Guide Series 

General Guide to Field Museum of Natural History Exhibits. Nineteenth 
edition (reprint). 1939-40. 56 pages, 9 text-figures, 1 cover design. 
Edition 3,564. 


Negatives, prints, photographic enlargements, lantern slides, 
transparencies, etc., produced in the Division of Photography during 
1939 totaled 23,385 items. Of these the great majority were to 
fulfill requirements of the various Departments and Divisions of 
the Museum, but the total includes also 461 prints, enlargements, 
and slides made for sales on orders received from outside the Museum. 

The Staff Photographer and his Assistant were responsible for 
the production of 9,139 of the total items. The remainder were 
the work of several workers assigned by the federal Works Progress 
Administration. The Museum men did the work which required 

1 1 1 Kill l) MUS P N tTURAL I n Rl PORTS, Vol 

most skilfu i. and t! 1 by WPA woi A'aa 

more routine in «•( r, consisting making prim 

of plants for the Herbarium from .es 

in EhirojM partm< 


mtinuance of the important classifying, indexing, and 

numbering and prints, and maintaining the collection 

in the files in sysfc possible by cl< 

elpera furnish* the WPA. In this work, more th.. 

bandied. Without such ition, t! llneas 

of the phi phic files would eatly decreaai 

The Museum Collotyper and his tanl pr of 

7 prir These included ill I »ns for publicat 

leafli fori ks and pamphlets, pictun cards, headings 

for nd miscellaneous itea 

\\<>rk performed by the Museum Ilh. r included the maki 

of r>i drawings, coloring of 100 pticon slid ..-hinp 

94 photographs, blocking of 96 photographic negatives, and various 
other task 


Th<  was marked by improvenu dd Afttan 

the monthly bulletin sent to all Memb f the Museum. 

• d from four to eight paj 
makeup i I to afford I ibility, ai ial 

qpanded. The publication of some longer articles, 
and <>f a r variety of ar th long and short, was thus 

ma The number of illustration increase 

Tl of th< nstituted the tenth volume. 

during t ; nine y> publication. • sent 

promptly to all Mi nning h month. Among 

litorials under the headin. m 

the I >in article I h which 

present their remir es 

of • positioi ain ir. • \£ angles of :ic 

rch and technique, and historical pha f various subje» 
ilh. i by the ezhibil the use of a four-color 

illustration was ma ntribution, by Mr. 

Clan lifchell. I in PI 

ph phfl he n. -id the £88 plates from which I 

prir them. Mr. Mitchell's four-color illustration 

this lowed the Museum's wild turkey $rroup, and appeared in 

Public Relations 115 

the November issue as a Thanksgiving feature, accompanied by a 
special article written by the Curator of Birds. 

Besides maintaining constant contact between the Museum and 
its Members, and keeping them informed of the institution's activi- 
ties, Field Museum Neivs serves as a form of correspondence between 
this Museum and institutions all over the world on publication 
exchange lists. It also functions as a medium of publicity, supple- 
menting the mimeographed news releases circulated by the Division 
of Public Relations. Many of the articles in the News were reprinted 
or quoted in newspapers and magazines. 

Through general publicity, every effort was made by the Museum 
to keep the public promptly, constantly, and thoroughly informed 
of all the institution's activities. The 321 news releases, prepared 
and distributed to daily newspapers by the Public Relations Counsel 
during the year, covered all Museum services for the public such as 
lectures, children's programs, tours, etc., and also such activities 
as the installation of new exhibits, the dispatching of expeditions, 
and the results of research conducted by the scientific staff. In 
many cases, the releases were accompanied by photographs. The 
scope of the Museum's news distribution includes not only the several 
great metropolitan dailies of Chicago which naturally are a primary 
objective, but also long lists of small community papers published 
in various sections of the city, the foreign language papers which 
reach groups of Chicagoans of various national origins, and the 
principal papers published in the suburbs of Chicago and in medium- 
sized cities in Illinois and neighboring states. Those news releases 
possessing more than local interest in this region were given national, 
and even international, circulation through the co-operation of such 
news agencies as the Associated Press, United Press, International 
News Service, Science Service, Wide-World Photos, and others. 
Certain of the more important individual newspapers in some of the 
largest cities of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, because of the inter- 
est they have evinced in the Museum's news, are also carried on the 
mailing lists, and in some instances, notably the New York Times, 
have given about as much space to the Museum as the local press. 

As in the past, editors of newspapers and magazines, whose 
interest was aroused by general releases, sent their own staff writers 
and photographers to develop special stories on Museum activities. 
Likewise, in a number of cases, news from Field Museum excited 
comment in the editorial columns of leading newspapers. In its 
publicity efforts, notable co-operation was extended to the Museum 

1 16 Field Musi i m oi N • i. Histori Ri 12 

I huh/ News, which showi thy with 

and i; inding of the aims and mission of the Museum than any 

other ( Jhi ". Appreciation is du< 

Daily Tinu , .rid 

//- "•' 1 during 

th< ome the I <al 

. and I '■ Among weekly and 

monthly periodicals showing great interest in the M m's 

work the IHustnr \ !'■ '.', 

 rporctfioi /.'- p '. and ial n 

was a full-i roduction in natural colors <>f th< m's 

habitat £mu]> of quetzal, the "national bird" of Guatemala, which 
was published in the // issu< larch 2 

1'.' This, liki  .1/... ■■' \ <r plate previo;. 

mentioned, was made from a color photograph taken by Mr. Mitchell. 

• the era! Electric X-ray Corporation, 

an ere was lent to that company 

an Egyptian mummy from the Mm* D< rtmenl of Anthr 

pology, for use in an exhibit at t! • York World'.- Fair. Th< 

the mummy was installed in an exhibit with fluoroscopic apparatus 

lblic This • 1 in con- 

siderable publicity, in which the ret of the X-r 

corporation, the United Air Lines by which the mumm; 
shi: and the Museum collaborated. 

<>th«>r forms of publicity which kept the Museum in the pub 
attention included a number of b- on various radi' ns 

and networks; the display of placard ing Museum exhibits 

and lectures; anil the distribution of many if folders 

announcing the Sunday aft " Ir. 

I tallwig, the Layman I • r, as w 
d information about exhibits. Museum admission, e( 

ly appreciati »n of the CI 

Rapid Transit Lint - es, the Chicago, Aur 

and Elgin Railroad, the Chi North and Milwaukee Rail- 

id, the ('hi and Northwe st ern Rail* ind the Win 

ntral m, all of which displayed Museum placards 

tlv tions or in their passenp- addition to these 

impanies, which have placed their "he 

Museums disposal without charge for many years, in he 

Company likewise c displaying 

Field Museum usees. Invitation.-. impanied by 

Membership 117 

folders, were sent to the delegates attending several hundred con- 
ventions held in Chicago, and served to bring many of the city's 
visitors to the Museum. Folders were distributed also through 
hotels, office buildings, transportation companies, commercial organi- 
zations, department stores, libraries, schools, travel bureaus, and 
other public institutions. Posters advertising the lecture courses 
were also displayed in some of these establishments. 


It is most encouraging to be able to report an increase in the 
number of Museum Members for 1939. The total number of 
memberships recorded as of December 31, 1939, is 4,171. It is 
gratifying also to report a decrease in the number of Members who 
found it necessary to resign from membership during 1939. To 
these former Members an expression of appreciation is due for their 
past support, and an invitation is extended to them to resume their 
association with the cultural activities of the institution whenever 
they may find it possible again to enroll as Members. 

An acknowledgment of appreciation and gratitude is made to 
the many Members who have so loyally continued their support 
of the institution, and to the many new Members who have become 
associated with it. Such public-spirited support is an essential aid to 
the successful continuance of the cultural program of Field Museum. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the 
list of each of the membership classifications at the end of 1939: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 12 

Patrons 25 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 121 

Corporate Members 47 

Life Members 261 

Non-Resident Life Members 12 

Associate Members 2,389 

Non-Resident Associate Members 8 

Sustaining Members 7 

Annual Members 1,259 

Total Memberships 4,171 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1939 will 
)e found on the pages at the end of this Report. 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, et cetera. 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director 

1 18 Field Mi sei m «>i Natural History Reports, Vol. 12 







In pay days: 

• identi 

I chQdreo 

Adm lays: 



Higl 'ti any day 


\-. lily adn 

i 1 1 

■nhf-r of jjii : i 

idea rh<><-k<><l 

lications, 1- ka, 

. and pi phi 

J. 900 












Financial Statements 119 


FOR YEARS 1938 AND 1939 

Income 1939 1938 

Endowment Funds $198,455.79 $191,247.11 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ments 25,728.52 28,878.51 

Life Membership Fund 10,659.18 11,903.16 

Associate Membership Fund .. . 11,697.08 12,843.41 

Chicago Park District 86,093.85 117,904.31 

Annual and Sustaining Member- 
ships 11,555.00 11,020.00 

Admissions 20,879.50 22,774.25 

Sundry receipts 20,012.66 19,757.51 

Contributions, general purposes . 298.65 25,961.22 
Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 55,399.14 28.172.28 

Special funds — part expended 
this year for purposes 
designated (included per 

contra) 14,457.31 15,276.54 

$455,236.68 " $485,738.30 


Collections $ 38,256.62 $ 9,918.28 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections .. . 43,749.41 43,731.66 

Expeditions 14,549.75 13,159.97 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 18,247.70 24,923.14 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 8,766.55 6,141.68 

Pensions and Group Insurance. . 49,281.28 15,361.67 

Pensions, past service liability. . 220,096.71 

Departmental expenses 42,019.41 42,860.28 

General operating expenses. . . . 318,676.76 311,591.69 

Extraordinary building repairs . . 37,311.66 

Annuities on contingent gifts . . . 29,506.39 30,044.40 

Interest on loans 1,229.00 

Paid on bank loans 26,600.00 9,400.00 

Reserve for extraordinary 
building repairs and me- 
chanical plant depreciation 25,000.00 

$872,062.24 _ ~~ $508,361.77 

Deficit.. $416,825.56 $ 22,623.47 

contribution by Mr. Marshall Field 415,138.78 19,530.00 

Net Deficit. . $ 1,686.78 $ 3,093.47 

"Totes payable January 1 $ 26,600.00 $ 36,000.00 

'aid on account 26,600.00 9,400.00 

balance payable December 31 . . $ $ 26,600.00 


1939 1938 

acome from Endowment $18,158.00 $16,883.42 

derating expenses 16,509.32 15,773.74 

December 31 Balance $ 1,648.68 $ 1,109.68 

L20 i-'ii. ii» Museum op Naturai History Reports, Vol. 12 



D, Chi( 

I jui 

kiln sites, 2 T 

\. i.ksi 

Engl .m»-s 

•Ik, England g 

Mi ui'.vi B . Est its 
Chic . 

i >klahoma. 


v York: 127 n 

 •ns N'. 

Buboick, Miss Nina, Chicago: l 
Makah I 
i. British Columbi . 

s, Mrs. < \ . <"hi- 

thai old ■!. 

m York: 
al black 

• h'eng-l 

. Shantung, China 

Chait, Ralpb k: 2 bi 

th lighl 

-k. Illi- 

■v.t. Miss Uv 


v, TH( ' . < 'hi- 

I I I 

•.t to 
rn mid-: tury 

v. Th ago: 3 

drufl gross, Hair 

Kiki .p. Or. Hknrv. Chic .'ass 

and 4 potter; glass 

bracelets — Ostia, near Romp, Ita 

: 1 Sasanid 
njar, [i 

si speci- 




Di Paol 

logical El | 


• cimeni consisting • 

and whole of 
mendab of pottery, and skele- 

tal n 

177 flints England; 41 
robably pre- 
•hu, n< 
Chel hina; la 

le, presumably ins 

;t fourth century I 

ronze w- ap> 
ons China I human pan -..-. • « 

from Kngland; 1 

• -mb fixti;- ;ing. 

Chin iothing, school* 

.ng hsirn, i • 
ping, China: 1 preh 'H» 

figures Scechwan i .ins. 

' : 

tives and pr 

and 15 enlarged prints n« in Iraq 

IYTON, Id ago: 1 

skulls and 1 femur Chicago fg 

EiAMBI F., Chicago: 1 

Ivor, inlaid with 
Tibet (gr 

Hakbaugh, Charlss B., JR , ' 

ix sandals Cnited 
iiufl tusk and 1 S^^H 
with wooden handle Congo 

KTMTR W.. Chic. 

Indian cradle hood — Dskots 


u rt. Dr. S M. 1 

. al spe 
 and Pacific Islands ', 

v, Mrs. A. I., 1 OF« 

Cleveland, Ohio: 110 Korean charms, 1 



complete key charm, and 1 policeman's 
club — Seoul, Korea (gift). 

Mandement, J., Ussat-les-Bains, 
Ariege, France: 6 archaeological objects 
— France (gift). 

Marston, Alvan T., London, Eng- 
land: 16 flint implements, and 1 molar 
tooth of an elephant — Barnfield Pit, 
Swanscombe, Kent, England (gift). 

Nesbitt, Dr. Paul H., Beloit, Wis- 
consin: 27 Mogollon sherds represent- 
ing various kinds of pottery, 5 pieces of 
whole pottery, and 2 stone hoes — Re- 
serve, New Mexico (exchange). 

Peabody, Miss S. W., Chicago: 2 
silver repousse bowls, 3 lacquer boxes, 

1 specimen of old money — Laos, Siam 

Pei, Dr. W. C, Peiping, China: 2 
plaster busts of restoration of Sinan- 
thropus pekinensis by Lucille Swan, 1 
set of colored plaster casts of teeth, and 
115 artifacts and casts of implements 
from Choukoutien — China (gift). 

Town, William J., Detroit, Michi- 
gan: 1 skull — near Dearborn, Michigan 

Watkins, Frank, Chicago: 1 com- 
plete suit of Japanese armor composed 
of 14 separate parts — Japan (gift). 

Wilson, Samuel E., Chicago: 4 
Chinese bronze mace heads, one with 
iron handle — China (exchange). 


Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 445 speci- 
mens of United States plants, 10 speci- 
mens of diatoms (exchange). 

Ackley, Dr. Alma B., Detroit, 
Michigan: 1 algal specimen (gift). 

Aellen, Dr. Paul, Basel, Switzer- 
land: 36 specimens of European plants 

Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, Monticello, Arkansas: 628 
plant specimens (gift) ; 142 plant speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Aguilar G., Jose Ignacio, Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 767 specimens 
of Guatemalan plants (gift). 

Anderson, Dr. Edgar, St. Louis, 
Missouri: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Apolinar-MarIa, Rev. Brother, 
Bogota, Colombia: 204 specimens of 
Colombian plants (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 1,446 specimens of 
Chinese plants (exchange). 

Artamonoff, Mrs. George, Chi- 
cago: 150 specimens of Mexican and 
Central American plants (gift). 

Bader, Miss Joan, Toms River, New 
Jersey: 2 algal specimens (gift). 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Missoula, 
Montana: 4 specimens of algae (gift). 

Barros, Dr. Manuel, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 59 specimens of plants from 
Argentina (exchange). 

Bauer, Bill, Webster Groves, Mis- 
souri: 465 specimens of Missouri plants 

Bausor, Dr. S. C, Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania: 6 specimens of algae (gift). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 269 
specimens of United States plants 

Bold, Dr. Harold C, Nashville, 
Tennessee: 257 specimens of algae 

Botanic Gardens, Melbourne, Aus- 
tralia: 50 specimens of Australian plants 

Botanical Museum, Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
161 specimens of Philippine plants 

Bowden, Wray M., Boyce, Virginia: 
2 plant specimens (gift). 

Bracelin, Mrs. H. P., Berkeley, 
California: 91 plant specimens (gift). 

Brown, Miss Marjorie, Benning- 
ton, Vermont: 135 specimens of Panama 
plants (gift). 

Butler, Mrs. George A., Estate 
of, Chicago: 256 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

Calderon, Dr. Salvador, San Sal- 
vador, El Salvador: 1 plant specimen 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 188 speci- 
mens of California plants (exchange). 

Carle, Erwin W., Pomona, Cali- 
fornia: 17 wood specimens (exchange). 

Carnegie Institution of Wash- 
ington, Desert Laboratory, Tucson, 
Arizona: 64 specimens of plants from 
Lower California (exchange). 

l-'ir.i.n M m "i N \n ral History Ri 12 

< \ Institution <•> w • 



I I 



La R 

Ci irkson, Mrs R vi ph, Chi 

Clei ' ' M vi'.'i s.l 

\ . Ira w . Soutl 

r\ itoih J \ki>is r. 

m^' and: 2,700 

••i tropica] Amcr- 

; i. University . I i'nt 


RRBI I . I >• 'S< >\ \n S.. Cambr 


DAI I . I »U II \\\ \H i '.. Han- 
n Han : rrn-n 

k. Hugh i 

Daily, v> u i i w \ . Indiai 



DaJ THER H ' ' Mn, 



Dl KM. « 'i 



tina: 1 



Agriculture ; nezuela: 

> imrns of Vi • plant* 

Drury, Newton H . 

iphir pr- 
pi Rli ■■' ant 

I >\ I :•:. I: \ . 



El ' ' HARLOI 



Califom I plant ipedinei 

Fairchild, I 

Grove, Florida: 2 plant 

Field, Dr. Henr^ . rhirai 
met: peci* 


Fik.ii> J I «y: 

Dr. 1 rm-ns of 

John R. M 

• well 

lit ion * 'tia, 

l | 


m« • 


mart ' I 


I mariti' 

• lyn William 

; lant 

nomic spec 

Ifadc by .1. Fran Bbfacbt 

photographif t • i of type speci- 

nrpns of pla- 

Tr 1 from thp Division of Pho- 

tograph graphic prints. 



Purchases: 2,179 cryptogamic speci- 
mens; 163 plant specimens — British 
Guiana; 945 plant specimens — Costa 
Rica; 309 plant specimens — Ecuador; 
517 plant specimens — Mexico; 136 
plant specimens — Panama; 388 plant 
specimens — Peru; 337 plant specimens 
— South America. 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
165 plant specimens (gift). 

Florists' Publishing Company, 
Chicago: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Fosberg, Dr. F. Raymond, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania: 45 specimens of 
Hawaiian plants, 5 algal specimens 
(gift); 575 specimens of mosses and 
algae (exchange). 

Franzen, A. J., Chicago: 7 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Gagnepain, Dr. FRANgois, Paris, 
France: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, 
Chicago: 87 specimens of cultivated 
plants (gift). 

Garrett, Professor Arthur O., 
Salt Lake City, Utah: 140 specimens of 
Utah plants (gift). 

Gentry, Howard Scott, Tucson, 
Arizona: 21 plant specimens (gift). 

Gifford, John C, Miami, Florida: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Giles, George H., Wilson ville, Ne- 
braska: 1 algal specimen (gift); 35 
specimens of algae (exchange). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 100 plant specimens 

Gronemann, Carl F., Elgin, Illinois: 
1 specimen of fungus (gift). 

Guarrera, S. A., Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 11 specimens of algae (gift). 

Hale, Miss Edna Kate, Hot Springs, 
Arkansas: 33 specimens of Arkansas 
plants (gift). 

Harrison, Professor B. F., Provo, 

Utah: 16 plant specimens (gift). 

Hatch, Professor Winslow R., 
Hanover, New Hampshire: 135 speci- 
mens of Costa Rican plants (gift). 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago: 5 
economic specimens (gift). 

Hermann, Dr. F. J., Washington, 
D.C.: 98 specimens of plants from 
eastern United States (exchange). 

Herrera, Dr. A. L., Mexico City, 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Hewetson, William T., Freeport, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Hinckley, L. C, Austin, Texas: 27 
plant specimens (gift). 

Hoogstraal, Harry, Chicago: 658 
specimens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, 
Illinois: 350 specimens of Illinois plants 

Inman, Dr. Ondess L. .Yellow Springs, 
Ohio: 10 specimens of algae (gift). 

Instituto Miguel Lillo, Tucuman, 
Argentina: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

International Harvester Com- 
pany, Chicago: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Jardim Botanico, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 26 specimens of Brazilian plants 

Jardim Botanico de Belo Hori- 
zonte, Minas Geraes, Brazil: 1,772 
specimens of Brazilian plants (gift). 

Jennings, John W., Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Johnson, S. C, and Son, Inc., 
Racine, Wisconsin: 2 specimens of 
vegetable waxes (gift). 

Johnston, Dr. John R., Chimal- 
tenango, Guatemala: 80 specimens of 
Guatemalan plants (gift). 

Joliet Park Conservatory, Joliet, 
Illinois: 11 specimens of cultivated 
plants (gift). 

Kansas State College of Agricul- 
ture, Manhattan, Kansas: 22 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Kenoyer, Professor Leslie A., 
Kalamazoo, Michigan: 620 specimens 
of Mexican plants (gift). 

Knobloch, Irving W., San Juanito, 
Chihuahua, Mexico: 54 specimens of 
Mexican plants (gift). 

Krukoff, Boris A., New York: 36 
plant specimens (gift). 

Leal, Professor Adrian Ruiz, 
Mendoza, Argentina: 3 plant specimens 

Lees, Arthur S., Oak Lawn, Illinois: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

LeSueur, Harde, Austin, Texas: 600 
specimens of Mexican plants (gift). 

Lewis, Mrs. B. B., Guatemala City, 
Guatemala: 19 plant specimens (gift). 

Los Angeles Museum of History, 
Science and Art, Department of 
Botany, Los Angeles, California: 333 
specimens of plants from California 
and Mexico (exchange). 

:» Musi I M OP N Mi KM. ! L2 

'JIT, \\ 



Meyer, Professor Teodor 




MlSSot HI 





pla mem  

iil: 1 » 


' Mouri ; 



I - 





•a polk, 
f alga*- . 




i>K Rl 

a: 1 publication 
ila: 1 mahogany hoard (g^H 


->. .K Joal ' 

f*tm of alga* 
I>K P., Tarubaya, 

Rt< hicago: 



.1 "rugu plant »peci- 



irna (exchange)* 

Rl I <t*, 

norm of algae 

ago: 1 pa^| 

- -.ta*j 
■xi. Up 

" imi. Honda: » 




Sella, Emil, Chicago: 2 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

NOMIA, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 43 specimens 
of Brazilian plants (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 535 
plant specimens, 128 photographic 
negatives, 48 photographic prints (gift). 

Smith, F. W., Guasave, Sinaloa, 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Smith, Dr. F. W. Owen, Guatalon, 
Guatemala: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Smith, Preston, Oberlin, Ohio: 52 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Soukup, Professor J., Puno, Peru: 
229 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago: 2 
plant specimens (gift). 

Stanton, E. J., and Son, Inc., Los 
Angeles, California: 1 board of mahog- 
any (gift). 

Stein, Charles, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Steyermark, Mrs. Cora Shoop, 
Chicago: 146 cryptogamic specimens 

Steyermark, Dr. Julian A., Chi- 
cago: 2 plant specimens, 3 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift). 

Stiffler, Mrs. Cloyd B., Chicago: 
14 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Stone, Miss Jessie L., Chicago: 1 
)lant specimen (gift). 

Strickland, J. C, Charlottesville, 
Virginia: 184 specimens of algae (ex- 

Tandy, Geoffrey, London, England: 
algal specimen (gift). 

Taylor, Dr. William R., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 14 specimens of algae (gift). 

Thompson, H. D., Spokane, Wash- 
igton: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Tiffany, Dr. Lewis H., Evanston, 
llinois: 6 specimens of algae (gift). 

Tougaloo College, Department of 
'•otany, Tougaloo, Mississippi: 3 plant 
oecimens (gift). 

Tressler, Dr. Willis L., Buffalo, 
f ew York: 4 specimens of algae (gift). 

United States Department of 
griculture, Bureau of Plant Indus- 
y, Washington, D.C.: 18 plant speci- 
ens (gift); 5 plant specimens (ex- 

United States Department of 
griculture, Food and Drug Adminis- 

tration, Washington, D.C.: 2 plant 
specimens (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 446 plant speci- 
mens, 739 typed descriptions of new 
species of plants (exchange). 

Universidad de Concepcion, Her- 
barium, Concepcion, Chile: 25 speci- 
mens of Chilean plants (exchange). 

University of California, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Berkeley, California: 
130 specimens of California plants (ex- 

University of Chicago, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Chicago: 2,145 plant 
specimens, 73 wood specimens (gift). 

University of Illinois, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Urbana, Illinois: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

University of Michigan, University 
Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 765 
plant specimens, 129 specimens of algae 

University of the Philippines, 
Department of Botany, Manila, Philip- 
pine Islands: 128 specimens of algae 

University of Texas, Department 
of Botany, Austin, Texas: 49 specimens 
of Texas plants (gift). 

University of Virginia, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Charlottesville, Vir- 
ginia: 17 specimens of algae (gift); 288 
specimens of algae (exchange). 

University of Wisconsin, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Madison, Wisconsin: 
54 specimens of Wisconsin plants (ex- 

Vargas G., Dr. Cesar, Cuzco, Peru: 
95 specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Velasquez, G. T., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 45 specimens of algae (gift). 

Voris, Dr. Ralph, Springfield, Mis- 
souri: 13 specimens of Missouri plants, 
1 wood specimen (gift). 

Voth, Dr. Paul D., Chicago: 7 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, Chicago: 8 speci- 
mens of Florida plants, 6 cryptogamic 
specimens (gift). 

Welch, Dr. Winona H., Greencastle, 
Indiana: 46 specimens of bryophytes 

Wheeler, George C, Grand Forks, 
North Dakota: 1 algal specimen (gift). 

Wheeler, Louis C, Columbia, Mis- 
souri: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

PlEl D Ml "I L2 


Philip V. 






Panama plat 


, Dr. II ;*riinatti 


II) in 


i - 

IIaRRY, Chicafo: 10 

PB,T E . Ret* \ oft: 


in. lens; 


.inite* «p*o- 


Henry, <ao- 

and < • 

foaaua- Kurup* 

Kll \i.Ht<rr«n 


•• . • . 



• .-. ;. i, 

 • • f Paul 
Museum Paleontological Kxr- 


T T ^_ _ ^^p 



South Dakota): 13 skulls and 600 bones 
of Pliocene mammals. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James H. Quinn (Field Museum Paleon- 
tological Expedition to Western Colo- 
rado) : 128 specimens of fossil vertebrates 
— Colorado. 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas (Field 
Museum Expedition to Florida, 1939): 
4 specimens of coquina and shell — 
Sanibel Island, Florida. 

Collected by Leon Walters (Field 
Museum Expedition to Florida, 1939): 
18 invertebrate fossils — Florida. 

Purchases: 10 meteorite specimens, 2 
individual meteorites, 15 moldavites —  
various localities; muffler of car struck 
by Benld meteorite; carapace and plas- 
tron of fossil turtle — Arkansas; 1 fossil 
leaf; 15 negatives and prints of Phoror- 
hacoid bird bones. 

Field, Stanley, Chicago: 5 inverte- 
brate fossils — near Fort Myers, Florida 

Fink, A. F., Chicago: 1 oxyhorn- 
blende crystal — locality unknown (ex- 

Frison, R. E.j Tensleep, Wyoming: 
8 gastroliths — Big Horn Basin, Wyo- 
ming (gift). 

Gaines, Richard V., Golden, Colo- 
rado: 2 chrysoberyl crystals — Golden, 
Colorado (exchange). 

Geringer Brothers, Oak Park, 
Illinois: 2 specimens of scheelite — 
Gwynne Mine, California (gift). 

Gordon, Miss Bertha, Porterville, 
California: 14 mineral specimens, 1 gar- 
net crystal — California; 6 photographs 
of Death Valley and vicinity (gift). 

Grabill, Edward, Chicago: 11 speci- 
mens of rocks — Devil's Tower, Wyo- 
ming (gift). 

Gresky, Benedict, Chicago: 6 speci- 
nens of abrasives (gift). 

^ Groesbeck, Dr. M. J., Porterville, 
California: 13 geological specimens — 
Nevada and Mono Lake, California 


Gueret, Edmond N., Chicago: 1 
pecimen of rock — Devil's Tower, Wyo- 
ning (gift). 

Harris, T. F., and Walter Hoag, 
idda, Arabia: 2 meteorites, 1 silica 
lass specimen— Wabar, Rub'al Khali, 
.rabia (gift). 

Herpers, Henry, Chicago: 1 speci- 
len of cross banding in sandstone — 
'oopers Plains, New York (gift). 

Hooper, Frank C, North Creek, 
New York: 2 specimens of serendibite 
— Johnsburg, New York (gift). 

Horton, Grahame, Glencullen, 
Oregon: 1 polished natrolite specimen 
— Lane County, Oregon (gift). 

Howe, E. G., Puno, Peru: 4 speci- 
mens of silver ore — San Antonio de 
Esquilache Mine, Puno, Peru (gift). 

Hubeny, Mrs. M. J., Chicago: 1 
sardonyx boulder — Oregon (gift). 

Kniskern, Miss Katherine S., 
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 
Maryland: 4 mineral specimens — New 
York (gift). 

Koelnau, Ludwig A., Minneapolis, 
Minnesota: 1 chatoyant quartz speci- 
men — Cayuna Range, Minnesota (gift). 

Marshall, Byron C, Imboden, 
Arkansas: 5 gypsum crystals — Arkan- 
sas (exchange). 

Menzel, William, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of pyrite with chalcopyrite — San 
Luis Potosi, Mexico (gift). 

Merrill, Charles C, Buhl, Idaho: 

1 chalcedony geode — Buhl, Idaho (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Harvard University, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: skull of Buettnaria perfecta 
— New Mexico (exchange). 

Myners, T. F., Mineville, New York: 

2 specimens of martite — Mineville, New 
York (gift). 

Nebraska State Teachers' Col- 
lege, Chadron, Nebraska: collection of 
120 specimens of vertebrate fossils — 
Marshland, Nebraska (exchange). 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago: 1 fluo- 
rescent opal — Virgin Valley, Nevada 

Oklahoma Geological Survey, 
Norman, Oklahoma: 1 etched slice of 
the Soper meteorite — Soper, Oklahoma 

Preucil, Frank M., Joliet, Illinois: 
6 photographs of a meteorite (gift). 

Rinehart, William G., Batesville, 

Arkansas: 8 photographs (gift). 

Schneider, A. J. and Ray, Port- 
land, Oregon: 8 thunder eggs — Jeffer- 
son County, Oregon (gift). 

Skelly, John, Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin: 7 specimens of silver-lead-cop- 
per-nickel ore — Sudbury, Ontario (gift). 

Smith, Jay L., Chester, New York: 
1 specimen of chiolite — Greenland (ex- 

r> d Mus \l Hisn rj 

II., K«n<««ha, 

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Boulton, Rudyerd, Chicago: 1 star- 
ling — West Nyack, New York; 1 bird — 
Chicago (gift). 

Bowers, Mrs. Mabel, Chicago: 1 
red bat — Chicago (gift). 

Boyd, John, Southern Pines, North 
Carolina: 15 butterflies — Suffolk, Vir- 
ginia (gift). 

Bragg, Arthur N., Norman, Okla- 
homa: 3 tree frogs, 4 toads — Cleveland 
County, Oklahoma (gift). 

Bridgers, Miss R. B., Thomasville, 
Georgia: 1 tarantula with tube web — 
Thomasville, Georgia (gift). 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London, England: 123 small 
mammal skins and skulls — various 
localities (exchange). 

Brooks, Major Allan, Okanagan 
Landing, British Columbia: 6 birds — 
Canada and South Seas (exchange). 

Browne, J. C, Chicago: 3 beetles — 
Chicago (gift). 

Buck, Warren, Camden, New Jer- 
sey: 7 fishes — Sierra Leone, Africa 

Buckley, Dr. L. C, Trang, Siam: 
15 bats — Siam (gift). 

Bullock, Dr. Dillman S., Angol, 
Chile: 38 rodent skins and skulls, 8 
birds — Chile (exchange); 24 frogs and 
toads, 30 lizards, 10 snakes — Chile 

Burton, Robert A., Evanston, 
Illinois: 1 weasel — Chicago; 12 sala- 
manders, 1 frog, 2 toads — Massachu- 
setts and New Jersey; 10 frogs, 2 toads, 
3 snakes — Illinois and Indiana (gift). 

Camras, Sydney, Chicago: 2 birds — 
Chicago (gift). 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 1 salamander — Cabell 
County, West Virginia (gift). 

Cascard, Ben, Chicago: 5 birds — 
Gary, Indiana (gift). 

Charleston Museum, Charleston, 
South Carolina: 11 small fishes — South 
Carolina (gift). 

Chaworth-Musters, J. L., London, 
England: 15 bats in alcohol — Somerset, 
England (gift). 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 32 mammals, 148 
birds, 6 snakes, 2 lizards, 1 alligator, 6 
ticks — various localities (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 6 
birds — various localities (exchange); 10 
birds— various localities (gift). 

Corwin, Mrs. Charles A., Chicago: 
4 paintings of Laysan Island birds (gift). 

Davis, W. B., College Station, Texas: 
1 skunk skin and skull — Texas (ex- 

Demaree, Dr. Delzie, Monticello, 
Arkansas: 3 snakes — Arkansas (gift). 

Dodge, H. R., Columbus, Ohio: 1 
beetle — Minnesota (gift). 

Downs, William, Denver, Colorado: 
4 beetles — Denver, Colorado (gift). 

Dubisch, R., Oswego, Illinois: 1 
snake — Oswego, Illinois (gift). 

Dybas, Henry, Chicago: 1 scorpion, 
3 land shells — Colombia (gift). 

Eff, Donald, Sylvania, Ohio: 1 
moth — Sylvania, Ohio (gift). 

Fabricus, Walter, Chicago: 1 snake 
— Chicago (gift). 

Falck, Eugene G. J., Chicago: 2 
salamanders, 12 toads, 165 frogs, 12 
snakes, 3 lizards, 7 turtles, 815 fresh- 
water mollusks, 57 crayfish, 19 insects 
— Missouri; 13 crayfish, 135 mollusks — 
Lake County, Illinois (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Chicago: 4 shells 
— Philippine Islands; 24 bats in alco- 
hol, 60 fishes, 151 insects and allies, 441 
mollusks — Iraq; 86 fishes, 43 crabs, 100 
shells, 1 sponge — York Harbor, Maine 

Field, Dr. Henry and John Lind- 
say, Chicago: 17 insects — Southbor- 
ough, England (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 

Collected by Emmet R. Blake (Sewell 
Avery Expedition to British Guiana): 
20 small mammal skins and skulls, 3 
small mammals and 31 bats in alcohol, 
498 bird skins, 2 fledglings in alcohol, 
111 frogs and toads, 10 snakes, 39 
lizards, 752 fishes, 1 bird spider, 1 
scorpion — British Guiana. 

Collected by Emmet R. Blake: 15 
birds — Illinois. 

Collected by Dr. Fritz Haas and Leon 
L. Walters (Field Museum Expedition 
to Florida): 14 mammal skins and 
skulls, 2 lizards, 2 snakes, 15 turtles, 1 
eel, 6,001 invertebrates. 

Collected by Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, 
F. W. Gorham, and W. F. Nichols 
(Field Museum Expedition to New 
Mexico): 37 insects and allies — New 
Mexico and Colorado. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
James H. Quinn (Field Museum Paleon- 
tological Expedition to Colorado, 1939): 

Field Mi i raj Histori Ri rj 


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Illinois: 1 aj^H 


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Koerstein, Theodore, Chicago: 1 
tiger salamander — Wisconsin (gift). 

Kurfess, John, Hinsdale, Illinois: 1 
common shrew — Hinsdale, Illinois; 1 
snake — Kelly, Wyoming (gift). 

Kurfess, John, and Robert A. 
Burton, Hinsdale and Evanston, Illi- 
nois: 5 frogs, 1 toad, 5 lizards, 10 snakes, 
5 turtles — Will and Grundy Counties, 
Illinois (gift). 

Lambert, Donald, Zion City, Illi- 
nois: 2 parasites — Zion City, Illinois 

Larrissey, George A., Chicago: 1 
snake — Illinois (gift). 

Laybourne, Miss Phyllis, Home- 
wood, Illinois: 2 snakes — Michigan 

Lerner, Michael, New York: 1 
mounted broad-bill swordfish and large 
photograph of same — Cape Breton, 
Nova Scotia; 15 kodachrome slides, 1 
roll of processed kodachrome film, 22 
enlarged photographs, views of Mount 
Egmont, New Zealand (gift). 

Letl, Frank H., Homewood, Illinois: 
I bird, 1 toad — Homewood, Illinois; 1 
uvenile crow — Matteson, Illinois (gift). 

Levy, Seymour, Chicago: 1 bird — 
31ue Island, Illinois (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Chicago: 6 moths 
—Chicago (gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 1 
.dult lioness, 1 giant skink, 4 snakes 

Lindau, Edward W., Palatine, Illi- 
nois : 1 spider with young — Palatine, 
llinois (gift). 

Little, James, Naperville, Illinois: 1 
alamander, 7 frogs and toads, 8 snakes 
-Oconto County, Wisconsin (gift). 

Lix, H. W., Hot Springs, Arkansas: 1 
lake — Hot Springs, Arkansas (gift). 

Loewenstamm, H., Chicago: 127 
ind and freshwater shells — Palestine 


Lorimer, Andrew, Prestonkirk, East 
othian, Scotland: 1 stoat — Scotland 


Maria, Brother Niceforo, Bogota, 
olombia: 24 bat skins with skulls, 22 
rd skins — Colombia (gift). 

Mason, Miss N. B., Davenport, 
>wa: 1 garter snake — Davenport, Iowa 

McElvare, Rowland R., New York: 
moths, 2 beetles — various localities 

Meinertzhagen, Colonel Rich- 
ard, London, England: 4 mammals, 
northern Afghanistan; 14 bird skins — 
Africa and Asia (gift). 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 1 bird — 
Chicago; 2 snakes, 2 turtles— Clay 
County, Indiana (gift). 

Mille, Luis, Bahia de Caraquez, 
Ecuador: 6 sponges and corals — 
Ecuador (gift). 

Mooney, E. C, Kingsville, Texas: 2 
lizards, 2 snakes — Kingsville, Texas 

Murphy, Walter P., Lake Bluff, 
Illinois: 1 albino chipmunk — New 
Haven, Connecticut (gift). 

Musee de la Province, Quebec, 
Canada: 4 bird skins — Canada (ex- 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 24 small 
mammal skins and skulls — Borneo and 
Siam; 1 rat skin and skull — French 
Indo-China; 3 mammal skins and skulls 
— Florida; 21 mammal skins and skulls, 

2 mammals in alcohol, 7 bird skins — 
various localities (exchange). 

Nelson, Dr. Harold H., Chicago: 63 
bats in alcohol — Egypt (gift). 

Niles, Ray, Lake Geneva, Wiscon- 
sin: 1 large trout skull — Lake Geneva, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Ohio State University, Columbus, 
Ohio: 101 fishes — Ohio (exchange). 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
30 mammal skins and skulls, 1 mammal 
skeleton, 1 bat in alcohol, 2 bird skins 
— Mississippi and Florida (gift). 

Owens, David W., Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois: 2 salamanders, 2 toads, 7 frogs, 1 
snake — Standard City, Illinois (gift). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago: 35 
mollusks — Illinois and Indiana (gift). 

Patterson, Mrs. Bryan, Chicago: 1 
hog-nosed snake — Augusta, Illinois 

Philby, H. St. John, Jidda, Arabia: 

3 hedgehogs and 12 bats in alcohol, 
6 toads, 36 lizards, 7 snakes — Arabia 

Plath, Karl, Chicago: 1 Guiana 
parrot — British Guiana (gift). 

Rasool, Habib, Buxton, British 
Guiana: 69 bird skins — British Guiana 

Ribniker, Martin, Chicago: 12 
birds — Illinois (gift). 

• Museum 


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Field Museum of Natural History : 

From Division of Photography: 1,513 
lantern slides. 

Millar, John R.: 15 colored slides 
on "Preparation of Exhibits" (gift). 

Chicago Slide Company: 1 black 
and white slide of a Huon Gulf coconut 
shell cup (exchange). 

Field, Dr. Henry: 5 large colored 
transparencies: Egypt (gift). 


Field Museum of Natural History 

Made by Division of Photography: 
5,915 prints, 1,448 negatives, 1,625 
lantern slides, 101 enlargements, 12 
large transparencies, 20 transparent 
labels, and 18 rolls of film developed. 

Made by Bryan Patterson: 63 nega- 
tives of general views in Colorado. 

Fisher, Mrs. Ann, Estate of, Mill- 
brook, New York: 38 negatives of racial 
types and general views in Iraq (gift). 

Parker, R. B., Megiddo, Palestine: 
700 portrait negatives of natives of 
Palestine (gift). 

Pearson, Harold E., Chicago: 21 
negatives of general views in Colorado 


List of Donors of Books 


Adult Education Council, Chicago. 
Americana Corporation, New York. 

Biblioteca Publica, Toluca, Mexico. 

British Guiana Museum, Georgetown, 
British Guiana. 

Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C. 

Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, 
Solomon's Island, Maryland. 

Chicago Park District, Chicago. 

Chicago Recreation Commission, 

Chicago Recreation Survey, Chicago. 

Ciba Symposia, Summit, New Jersey. 

Colorado Museum, Boulder, Colorado. 

Columbia Broadcasting System, 

Cooper Union for the Advancement of 
Science and Art, New York. 

Crerar Library, John, Chicago. 

Denoyer-Geppert Company, Chicago. 

Department of Conservation, Nashville, 

Geffrye Museum, London, England. 

General Biological Supply House, 

Geographical and Historical Society, 
Guatemala City, Guatemala. 

Glycerine Producers Association, 

Golden Gate International Exposition, 
San Francisco, California. 

Guatemala Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
Guatemala City, Guatemala. 

Hallwyloka Museet, Stockholm, Sweden. 

Imprimerio Mission Catholique, Bel- 
gian Congo, Africa. 

Institut Francais de 1'Afrique Noire, 
Dakar, Senegal. 

Institute for Research, Chicago. 

Instituto Cubano de Estabilizacion del 
Cafe, Habana, Cuba. 

Japanese Red Cross Society, Tokyo, 

Josselyn Botanical Society, Orono, 

Lakeside Press Galleries, Chicago. 
Luton Museum, Luton, England. 

Ministerio de Fomento Estacion Ex- 
perimental Agricola, Lima, Peru. 

Missouri Resources Museum, Jefferson 
City, Missouri. 

Missouri Valley Fauna, Lincoln, Ne- 

Musee Ethnographique (Etnografski 
Musej), Zagreb, Jugoslavia. 

Museum van Naturlijke Historie, Rot- 
terdam, Netherlands. 

I Field Mi u Hi roFn Ri ol. 12 



wiim, A . 

cti Japan. 



Perth, v.  -.. 

v. •  . 

ith ylvania. 

' Iministrat! 



Dallwig, Paul » 

! > I>w: k 'ht. ("hirngo. 
r, A. V., rod 


. \\ illiam R 

, I, Rig 

Km- urago. 

Kir '■' 

man L, R 

I, I>r. H 

•i. Harri* 



n, Kngland. 

.m M . I 
:;th. *?moor, Illinois 

K., Hw tario, 

H.xa.«, I 



Hack, John T., Cambridge, Massa- 

Hambly, Dr. Wilfrid D., Chicago. 

Hermanson, Miss Helen, Chicago. 

Herrera, Dr. Fortunato L., Lima, Peru. 

Hicks, Lawrence E., Columbus, Ohio. 

Hungerford, Dr. H. B., Lawrence, 

Ikeuchi, Professor H., Tokyo, Japan. 
Isely, P. B., Waxahachie, Texas. 

Johnson, E. R. Fenimore, Camden, 
New York. 

Kelso, L., Washington, D.C. 

Keyes, Charles R., Mount Vernon, 

Krogman, Wilton M., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Lagercrantz, S., Stockholm, Sweden. 
Leason, P. A., Victoria, Australia. 
Leussler, R. A., Omaha, Nebraska. 
Lewis, Dr. Albert B., Chicago. 
Lion, Mme. L., Paris, France. 
Loo, C. T., New York. 
Lundell, C. L., Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Macbride, J. Francis, Chicago. 

McConnell, Burt M., New York. 

McMahon, William E., Fort Worth, 

Martin, Dr. Paul S., Chicago. 

Mather, Bryant, Chicago. 

May, Louis Philippe, Paris, France. 

Moldenke, Harold N., New York. 

Morley, Dr. Sylvanus G., Washington, 

Moyer, John W., Chicago. 

Murray-Aaron, Dr. Eugene, Chicago. 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 

Olalla, A. M., Sao Paulo, Brazil. 
Omer-Cooper, Joseph, Grahamstown, 

Cape Colony, South Africa. 
3sgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago. 
Dverbeck, H. 

Parsons, C, Chicago. 

Perez Cabrera, Dr. Ricardo, San Jose, 

Costa Rica. 
D helps, William H. 
3 orsild, A. N., Ottawa, Canada. 
5 oulter, Thomas C, Chicago. 

Rehder, Alfred, Jamaica Plains, Massa- 

Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago. 

Royo, Dr. Fernando, Santa Clara, Cuba. 

Ruiz Leal, A., Mendoza, Argentina. 

Ryan, Sister Mary Hilaire, River Forest, 

Sanborn, Colin Campbell, Chicago. 
Sanderson, Milton W., Fayetteville, 

Sarkar, Dr. Benoy Kumar, Calcutta, 

Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago. 

Schoute, Professor J. C, Groningen, 

Serrano, Professor Antonio, Parana, 

Sherff, Dr. E. E., Chicago. 

Shimer, Dr. Hervey W., Cambridge, 

Slater, J. R., Tacoma, Washington. 
Smith, Harold Vincent, New York. 

Smith, Hobart M., Pittsburgh, Penn- 

Smith, Lyman Bradford, Cambridge, 

Spinden, Dr. Herbert J., New York. 
Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Stearn, William Thomas, London, Eng- 

Stillwell, Jerry E., Dallas, Texas. 

Stirton, R. A., Berkeley, California. 

Stromer, Dr. Ernst. 

Teilhard de Chardin, P., Nanking, 

Teixeira de Fonseca, Enrico, Rio de 

Janeiro, Brazil. 
Thomson, Stewart C, Chicago. 

Uthmoller, Wolfgang, Munich, 

Vail, R. W. G., Worcester, Massa- 

Vaillant, George C, New York. 

Van Epps, Percy M., Amsterdam, New 

Vanderpool, Ada, Quincy, Illinois. 

Varga, H. E., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Vargas, Luis, Mexico City, Mexico. 

Vestal, Paul A., Cambridge, Massa- 
Vetlesen, Mrs. Georg, New York. 


It J . 



fuUa, Oklahoma. 






William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 
To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 


[SealI Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, 0. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 
Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 


1 2 


Waller, li 

Q C. 


I do hereby 

mo ana 
free and 

Uth da; tnber, 1 - 




• a me* 


n pafteed at a mee' 



^awd at a mee' .• ' omUra bdd 

;.I> Ml M Ol S tTURAL 

« r' ' M may 

• was f: 





Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 
Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render important 
service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees at any 
of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all courtesies 
of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy 
all courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 
become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 
period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 




 ! s 

<*ffr* and rourtaotaa 

and wb< 


ImuMion for 

haa pa 

ind who 


' -Tibet 

g a vimt to the niM 

\nnuaJ. •hall 

i ihi Trustor 


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r * '* * ' *■  *• 

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. V-.Y TKUITm 


• • 


on arrouni of 

Amended By-Laws 141 

whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 
and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo- 
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund. 
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director 
and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director, 
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the 
absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice- 
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum- 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology; each under the charge of a Chief 

'A Rl L2 

n "hall bt 
all m rt 

all have 
** of tl :m. 

Hoard at «*arh rtfular 



■.all hold his office 

.ill k.-. 

.«>n  ' tbt 

' all bills 

Mil --.Ei 

•■ea. as I 


mombfrs. tbt 
and tbt 

: be «•!• Hoard at mual Mating, and 


which tl 
:iamod shall h- 

• the event of tbt 
' tbt 

f the I i by 


at an; g of a- 


• " »• ;-■-- -- ' •   - ';-.-...• a • •.;.,. ' the a: «r.To* 



*•:•••••-••'■:-.».••-••  • ' *\ ; - . v f •'••.■> Board 

n of the 
•naion of any and all building* used for 

.:••■•- from time 
tten afTor- 
at the Regular 
' *"- -ottoet. It shall, before the banning of 

Amended By-Laws 143 

each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the 
Board, the expenditures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 



Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Commit- 
tee, the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted 
at the ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual 
Meeting in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting of the 
Board of Trustees by a two-thirds vote of all the members present, provided 
the amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

may be n 

ired alee 


he Museum, the 

Museum of N'atunJ 
•' Illinois, 

- . m 



Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $1 00,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley- 
Graham, Ernest R.* 
* Deceased 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf Roosevelt, Theodore 

Adolf, Crown Prince of 

Sweden Sargent, Homer E. 

Sprague, Albert A. 
McCormick, Stanley Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Harris, Albert W. 

Roosevelt, Kermit 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Deceased, 1939 
Crane, Charles R. Simpson, James 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Armour, Allison V. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Fie id, Mrs. Stanley 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Hancock, G. Allan 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Probst, Edward 


Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wegeforth, Dr. Harry M. 
White, Harold A. 

1 ii i ; i m i-i V— Rl 12 


• H 1 . • M 

Dr. K»rl 

7 fc-w *fc> 

K m 



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| - -. . - - " ; - •- . - 


Do«n». J. V 



V. i!li»m H. 


-■ . 




Helen M  

• cal 

. T. Jr. 

Corporate Members — Life Members 


Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F. 

Doering, 0. C. 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J.* 
Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 

James, S. L. 


Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 

Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F. 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schwab, Martin C. 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 


Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Blair, William 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

McCulloch, Charles A. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1939 
Simpson, James 

Probst, Edward 

Richardson, George A. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Fred W. 
Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wegeforth, Dr. Harry M. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Abbott, John Jay 
Abbott, Robert S. 
Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 

Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barnhart, Miss Gracia 

M. F. 

Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 



. Jr. 




U'T'i'-T'.. J 



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im H. 





'••• ••-.... 














Ma ufa 0. 




Irs. Albert P. 

 '•• ill am 

| < _  \, t t il r* 

( . 

" M 








. D. K. 


isfa v. 








-T'«wph R. 


Ufa A. 



Pa - Inpspph M. 

Life Members 


Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Block, Emanuel J. 

Cowles, Alfred 
Crane, Charles R. 

Sargent, Fred W. 
Schweppe, Charles H. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Seabury, Charles W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Storey, W. B. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, G. F., Jr. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Deceased, 1939 
Drake, Tracy C. 
McLennan, Hugh 
Scott, George E. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Valentine, Louis L. 
Veatch, George L. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 

Simpson, James 
Viles, Lawrence M. 
Weber, David 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $100 to the Museum 

Gregg, John Wyatt 

Hearne, Knox 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. Vernay, Arthur S. 

Clas, Miss Mary Louise 
Coolidge, Harold 

J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Ellis, Ralph 

Siebel, Emil A. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

MrsKi'M 12 



'■' 'turn 






* If. 

may, K. H. 
may. Hi 



am ! 

. I. 


I I . 


• -v« K. 



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* J. 

n. JarV 






I>r. J ' 


H- . -  lUrtc< 



Ralph R 


. Dr. Arthur Dean 




. ,, 



 J. P. 


Bit: hert J. 

Associate Members 


Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Edward J. 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Bischoff, Dr. Fred 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, William 

Blair, Wolcott 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Blish, Sylvester 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Blome, Rudolph S. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boberg, Niels 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Both, William C. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowes, William R. 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 

Boyden, Miss Ellen 

Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge, Professor 

S. P. 
Bremer, Harry A. 
Bremner, Mrs. David 

F., Jr. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, Mrs. George E. 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Mrs. Lillian B. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 

Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. Edward 
Burnham, Frederic 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrows, Mrs. W. F. 
Burry, Mrs. William 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Burtch, Almon 
Burton, Mrs. Ernest D. 
Bush, Mrs. Lionel E. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, J. Fred 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Robert 0. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cable, J. Elmer 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caldwell, C. D. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carlson, Mrs. Arthur W. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, 0. J. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 

1 2 

i *  • 

nn If. 






K<-. < 







: ' 




.. Harr. 

■r\AT. Hugo, Jr. 


W If. 





'a me* 




I>> .t:.< , 

\ . Jr. 

' '• »:• I . 





har1« S. 


"». John 

Denkewalter, W. K. 

Associate Members 


Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
De Vries, Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, William Warren 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Mrs. 

Edmund J., Jr. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Drake, Lyman M. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy 

Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel 0. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 

Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Mrs. B. A. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Egloff, Dr. Gustav 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Max 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Emery, Edward W. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 
Ewell, C. D. 
Ewen, William R. T. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fahrenwald, Frank A. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 

Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feigenheimer, Herman 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetcher, Edwin S. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Fies, Mrs. E. E. 
Filek, August 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Isaac 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, Harry M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Flexner, Washington 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. G. E. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Follansbee, Mitchell D. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Foote, Peter 

Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Mrs. Gerhard 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Fowler, Miss Elizabeth 
Fox, Charles E. 

i) MrsKtH of N/ 12 

I v 


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M C. 


■.a I*. 

'••nhajrrn. Mrs. 

trroll L. 



i T. 


•*«. Ha 

k I. 


.hn. Alvah V. 

lliam C. 

: E. 

• T. 
. Walter J. 

Associate Members 


Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hall, David W. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Charles H. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammitt, Miss 

Frances M. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, Charles 

P., Jr. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harker, H. L. 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. 0. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Hillman H. 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haugan, Oscar H. 

Havens, Samuel M. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heide, John H., Jr. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herrick, Walter D. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Hicks, E. L., Jr. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 

Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hillis, Dr. David S. 
Hills, Edward R. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoffmann, Miss Caroline 

Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Robert E. 
Hohman, Dr. E. H. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Mrs. Frank K. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Horan, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. Maurice 

L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hosmer, Philip B. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Willis G. 










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William H. 

Associate Members 


Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 
Klinetop, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Knox, Harry S. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, EricL. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Komiss, David S. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kraus, Samuel B. 
Krause, John J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 
Kritchevsky, Dr. Wolff 
Kroehl, Howard 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krueger, Leopold A. 
Krutckoff, Charles 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 
Kurfess, John Fredric 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lamson, W. A. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 

Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lang, Mrs. W. J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langenbach, Mrs. 

Alice R. 
Langhorne, George 

Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larson, Mrs. George E. 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert 0. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, A. J. 
Lawton, Frank W. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Lehmann, Miss 

Augusta E. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leistner, Oscar 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
Libby, Mrs. C. P. 
Liebman, A. J. 

Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lindholm, Charles V. 
Lindquist, J. E. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Linton, Ben B. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, Edward W. 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loesch, Frank J. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles 0. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louer, Albert S. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lownik, Dr. Felix J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lutter, Henry J. 
Lydon, Mrs. William A. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
MacDonald, E. K. 
MacDougal, Mrs. T. W. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 













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Associate Members 


Morrison, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Mortenson, Mrs. Jacob 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mo wry, Louis C. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. George H. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nash, Charles J. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Murry 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. George 

R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 

Nichols, S. F. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nilsson , Mrs. Goodwin M . 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Gene G. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Ouska, John A. 
Overton, George W. 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 

Paepcke, Walter P. 
Pagin, Mrs. Frank S. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. J. William 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Patrick, Miss Catherine 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Payne, Professor James 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
Peltier, M. F. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Nelson 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peterkin, Daniel 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mason 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Picher, Mrs. Oliver S. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 

Vol 12 

Mist Sard 





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Roscnwald. Richard II. 

IK. Mrs. R bsrt K. 


Rosa, Walt. 





I. Miaa Lillian 

D W. 










Associate Members 


Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, 0. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schlake, William 
Schmidt, Adolf 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman, A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel 

J., Jr. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Seames, Mrs. Charles O. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, George A. 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 

Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Sennekohl, Mrs. A. C. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Shaw, Theodore A. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. Francis 

C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Sincere, Ben E. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Mrs. Charles R. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 

Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Smith, Jens 
Smith, Jesse E. 
Smith, Mrs. Katherine 

Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 
Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Bourne 
Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas 
Solem, Dr. George 0. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Mae 0. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spitzglass, Mrs. 

Leonard M. 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stanton, Edgar 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Stark, Mrs. Harold 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 



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Associate Members 



Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 

Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Wean, Frank L. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Werner, Frank A. 
West, J. Roy 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 

Addleman, Samuel W. 
Allbright, William B. 

Barbour, Harry A. 
Belden, Joseph C. 
Bird, George H. 
Birkholz, Hans E. 
Blair, Edward T. 

Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, James E. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. T. E. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Dr. A. 

Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Harry Lee 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert 

Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 

Deceased, 1939 

Brand, Mrs. 

Edwin L., Jr. 
Brown, Mrs. George 

Bull, Richard S. 

Cameron, John M. 
Capper, Miss M. M. 

Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston , Mrs. Bertram M . 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Witkowsky, Leon 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. 

Francis M. 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Harold F. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A. 
Worth, Miss Helen E. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wunderle, H. 0. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer 
Zerk, Oscar U. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 

Coleman, William Ogden 
Cross, Henry H. 

Dewes, Rudolph Peter 
Donahue, William J. 

Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Engwall, John F. 




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Annual Members 


Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, M. B. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austrian, Mrs. H. S. 
Auty, K. A. 
Avildsen, Clarence 

Bachmeyer, Dr. Arthur C. 
Bachrach, Walter 
Bade, Mrs. William A. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baker, C. M. 
Balaban, Elmer 
Balderston, Mrs. 

Stephen V. 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Baril, W. A. 
Barker, James M. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Harold 0. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartoli, Peter 
Bass, Charles 
Baumann, Harry P. 
Bays, Alfred W. 
Beal, Henry S. 
Bean, Edward H. 
Bear, Mrs. Robert G. 
Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 
Becker, Matthew G. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beers-Jones, L. 
Behrens, Mrs. Herman A. 
Bell, George Irving 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bengtson, J. Ludvig 
Benjamin, Claude A. 
Bennett, Edward H. 
Bennington, Harold 
Benson, Frank A. 
Benson, Mrs. T. R. 
Bentley, Richard 
Berg, Sigard E. 
Berger, E. M. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Berleman, Miss Mildred 
Berman, Irving 
Bernstein, George E. 
Berry, John M. 
Berry, V. D. 
Bestel, Oliver A. 
Biddle, Robert C. 

Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph Henry 
Bird, Herbert J. 
Birdsall, Lewis I. 
Black, J. Walker 
Blackburn, John W. 
Blair, Mrs. W. 

Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 
Blalock, Miss Josephine 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Bloom, Sidney Weil ' 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blundell, William L. 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blythe, Mrs. J. W. 
Boeger, William F. 
Bogoff, Henry 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bolton, John F. 
Bond, William A. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Paul H. 
Bopp, Andrew R. 
Borcherding, E. P. 
Borowitz, David 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Bovingdon, Mrs. 

Louise T. 
Bowes, W. R. 
Bowman, Jay 
Bowman, Mrs. Jay 
Boyd, E. B. 
Boyd, Mrs. Henry W. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. 

Brackenburg, Mrs. B. A. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Brant, Mrs. C. M. 
Brashears, J. W. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breck, Dr. Merrick R. 
Breen, James W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brewster, William E. 
Briggs, Dr. Clement 

W. K. 
Briney, Dr. William F. 
Brooks, Mrs. E. P. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Broome, Mrs. Thornhill 
Brown, Mrs. Corabel K. 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, H. A. 
Brown, Miss Martha A. 
Brown, Dr. Ralph C. 
Brown, Robert C, Jr. 
Brown, Sydney P. 
Brown, Mrs. Warren W. 

Browning, J. Roy 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brunkhorst, John Keenan 
Buchanan, Mrs. Perry B. 
Buchbinder, Dr. J. R. 
Buchen, Walther 
Budd, Mrs. L. W. 
Budd, Mrs. Ralph 
Buik, George C. 
Bunn, B. H. 
Bunnell, John A. 
Bunton, Miss Helen M. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burkhardt, Mrs. 

Ralph E. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burridge, Mrs. Howard J. 
Burrows, Miss Louisa L. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Comfort S. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrne, Mrs. M. W. K. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cabell, Mrs. Robert H. 
Cable, Arthur G. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callahan, Mrs. A. F. 
Callan, T. J. 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, George F. 
Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Campe, Frank 0. 
Canavan, J. Newell 
Canman, Richard W. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carey, Denis P. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlisle, William George 
Carlson, Mrs. Annetta C. 
Carlson, John F. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carpenter, Frank D. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, Henry C. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Carter, Mrs. R. B. 
Cassady, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Cassells, G. J. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, Sidney 
Cavanagh, Harry L. 
Cavanagh, Mrs. Joseph J. 
Cedarquist, B. E. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 

:> Mi 12 

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. Armin 


Annual Members 


Elston, Mrs. I. C, Jr. 
Elting, Winston 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Engel, Mrs. Albert W. 
Engel, Mrs. Cora F. 
Erminger, Mrs. H. B., Jr. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Eulass, E. A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fairlie, Mrs. W. A. _ 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farnsworth, Mrs. Ward 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Fauley, Dr. Gordon B. 
Fawkes, Charles E. 
Feipel, Peter J. 
Felsenthal, Herman 
Feltman, Roland D. 
Fennema, Nick 
Fenton, J. R. 
Ferguson, Louis A., Jr. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fessenden, Mrs. M. G. 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Filson, John D. 
Fink, R. A. 

Finney, Dr. William P. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, Stephen J. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Fleischhauer, Herbert 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flood, E. J. 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Flory, Owen O. 
Floto, J. W. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Fogler, Mrs. R. H. 
Follett, Charles W. 
Folsom, Mrs. 

William R. 
Forbes, Lester H. 
Ford, Mrs. Edwin S. 
Forrest, Maulsby 
Foster, William S. 
Foucek, Charles G. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Fox, Mrs. Edward F. 
Fox, Guy G. 
Frankenthal, John V. 

Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, Thomas B. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
French, George W. 
French, Dr. Thomas M. 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg.Dr. Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Frodin, Elmer E. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fuller, William A. 
Fulton, Albert B. 
Fulton, Arthur W. 
Fulton, D. B. 

Gale, Abram 
Gallaher, Thomas B. 
Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
Galvin, J. E. 
Gane, Miss Gertrude 
Ganz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Gary, Lee J. 
Gates, Philip R. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gavin, Mrs. Steve 
Geiling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Geisler, Herbert F. 
Gengevi, Ettore 
Gensburg, Louis W. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerwig, Walter A. 
Gettrust, Joseph Foard 
Gibbs, William J. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gidwitz, Joseph L. 
Gilchrist, Miss Harriet F. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillick, J. T. 
Gingrich, Arnold 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Goldberg, Mrs. Sol H. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldstein, Leo A. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Nathan S. 
Goodell, P. W. 
Goodman, Ralph L. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William O. 
Grabiner, Harry M. 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Graffis, Herbert 

Graham, Mrs. William 

Granville, Charles N., Jr. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graves, Mrs. George E. 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, William A. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenebaum, Mrs. Esther 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, Mrs. Ralph S. 
Greenlee, William B. 
Grein, Joseph 
Grey, Newton F. 
Gridley, Mrs. Martin M. 
Griesel, Edward T. 
Griesemer, Mrs. Itha 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Grossfeld, Miss Rose 
Grupe, Mrs. Sara Martin 
Guilliams, John R. 
Guinan, James J. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Guthrie, S. Ashley 

Haffner, Mrs. Charles 

C, Jr. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Mrs. David W., Jr. 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, Louis W. 
Hallett, L. F. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Chester F. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, J. R. 
Hammerman, Joseph M. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, C. Herrick 
Hansen, Adolph H. 
Harbison, Robert B. 
Hardin, George D. 
Harding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
Harper, Philip S. 
Harper, Robert B. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, S. R. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harris, Mortimer B. 
Harrison, Dr. Edwin M. 
Harrison, William H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 





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Annual Members 


Klein, Dr. David 
Kleinschmidt, Edward 
Kline, A. 
Kloese, Henry 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knoblock, Byron W. 
Knode, Oliver M. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knutson, Mrs. George H. 
Koch, Carl 

Kohn, Mrs. Frances J. 
Koltz, George C. 
Koolish, Ellman 
Koopmann, Ernest F. 
Koplin, Samuel M. 
Korengold, J. A. 
Kort, George 
Kostrzewski, Dr. M. J. 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kotrba, Frank 
Kraemer, Leo 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Krafthefer, James M. 
Kramer, A. E. 
Krasberg, Rudolph 
Krawetz, Mrs. Johannes 
Krebs, Charles E. 
Kresl, Carl 
Kress, William G. 
Krier, Ambrose J. 
Kroch, Adolph 
Krol, Dr. Francis B. 
Kruesi, F. E. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Krum, Morrow 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kugel, Leonard J. 
Kuh, George E. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurth, W. H. 

Lachman, Harold 
Ladd, John W. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Landon, Robert E. 
Landsberg, Mrs. Edward 
Lang, Isidor 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Lapham, Ralph L. 
Lapp, John A. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lau, Mrs. John 

Laud, Sam 
Law, M. A. 

Lawrence, Walter D. 
Lazerson, Abraham 
Leahy, T. M. 
Lee, Edward N. 
Lee, Lewis W., Jr. 
Lehman, Lawrence B. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Leighty, Edgar R. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Letterman, A. L. 
Levin, Louis 
Levis, John M. 
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K. 
Lewin, Miss Estella 
Lewis, Frank J. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Lifvendahl, Dr. 

Richard A. 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindley, Arthur F. 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Linn, Mrs. James W. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Little, Charles G. 
Little, F. C. 

Llewellyn, Mrs. Kenneth 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Mrs. E. 
Loewenstein, Emanuel 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Logan, Mrs. Frank G. 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Lorentz, Mrs. R. E. 
Love, Miss R. B. 
Ludlow, Mrs. H. 

Lurie, Mrs. George S. 
Lyon, C. E. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Mrs. William H. 

MacArthur, Fred V. 
MacChesney, Miss 

MacEachern, Dr. M. T. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Macfarland, Lanning 
MacKechnie, Dr. 

Hugh N. 
Mackie, David Smith 
MacMillan, William D. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Maddock, Thomas E. 
Magie, William A. 

Magill, John R. 
Magner, Rev. F. J. 
Malkov, David S. 
Manaster, Henry 
Manheimer, Arthur E. 
Manning, Guy E. 
Markman, Mrs. 

Samuel K. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marquart, E. C. 
Marsch, Mrs. John 
Marshall, Edward 
Marston, Mrs. T. B. 
Martin, Webb W. 
Martin, Z. E. 
Marvin, W. Ross 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Mason, Lewis F. 
Mason, Mrs. Michael L. 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Maurer, W. Edward 
Mawicke, Henry J. 
May, Mrs. George T., Jr. 
May, Sol 
Mayer, Arthur H. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Frederick 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Richard 
Maynard, Edwin T. 
McAdams, Frank J., Jr. 
McAllister, M. Hall 
McAloon, Owen J. 
Mc Arthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McClellan, K. F. 
McClure, Donald F. 
McConnell, F. B. 
McCormick, Miss 

Elizabeth D. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreight, Marion 

McCurdy, John W. 
McDonnell, Mrs. E. N. 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McDowell, Malcolm 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGowen, Thomas N. 
McGrain, Preston 
McGreer, Mrs. John T. 
McGrew, Mrs. O. V. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKibbin, Mrs. GeorgeB. 
McKinlock, Mrs. 

George A. 


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Annual Members 


Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Pullman, Frederic A. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Putnam, Rufus W. 

Quarrie, William F. 
Quellmalz, Frederick 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Raeth, J. P. 
Railton, John R. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Rasmussen, Robert P. 
Rathbun, Rex 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 
Rawlings, Mrs. I. D. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Rea, Miss Edith 
Reavis, William C. 
Redmond, Hugh 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Rufus M. 
Reed, Walter S. 
Regensburg, James 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Reiss, William 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Reser, Harry M. 
Reuter, Mrs. Gustave A. 
Reuss, Mrs. Henry H. 
Reynolds, Mrs. G. 

Reynolds, Joseph Callow 
Rice, C. Leslie 
Rice, Joseph J. 
Rice, Mrs. W. W. 
Rich, Harry 

Richards, James Donald 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richardson, Henry R. 
Richardson, Mrs. 

W. D. 
Richert, John C. 
Richter, Arthur 
Riddell, John T. 
Ridley, Clarence E. 
Riel, George A. 
Riley, John H. 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Ritter, Emil W. 
Ritter, Dr. I. I. 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Roadifer, W. H. 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Charles Burton 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 


Robinson, Theodore 

W., Jr. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodgers, Mrs. John B. 
Roeth, A. C. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Rollins, Athol E. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Roman, B. F. 
Romaskiewicz, John 
Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfels, Hugo H. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Rosenthal, Nathan H. 
Rosenthal, Samuel H. 
Rosner, Max 
Ross, Earle L. 
Ross, Mrs. F. A. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Rountree, Lingard T. 
Rowland, James E. 
Rowley, Clifford A. 
Rowley, William A. 
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 
Rubens, Miss Doris 
Rubens, Walter L. 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Rudin, John 
Ryan, C. D. 
Rynder, Ross D. 

Sachse, William R. 
Salmon, Rudolph B. 
Salmonsen, Miss Ella M. 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sang, Philip D. 
Saslow, David 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scallan, John William 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Scheel, Fred H. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schlachet, Herman 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Theodore 
Schmidtbauer, J. C. 
Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schnadig, E. M. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 

Schofield, Mrs. Flora 
Schram, J. A. 
Schu, Jacob 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schulz, Miss Myrtle 
Schulze, Paul 
Schuman, Meyer 
Schupp, Robert W. 
Schwab, Dr. Leslie W. 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Schwede, Charles W. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Scobie, David P. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, George H. 
Scott, Walter A. 
Scott, Dr. Walter Dill 
Scudder, Mrs. 

Lawrence W. 
Scudder, W. M. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seehausen, Gilbert B. 
Seidenberg, Harry 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selz, Emanuel 
Selz, Mrs. J. Harry 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Seubold, Dr. F. H. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Seymour, Mrs. Flora 

Shaffer, Mrs. Norman P. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Nate H. 
Sherwin, Mrs. F. B. 
Shippey, Mrs. Charles W. 
Sholty, Lester J. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shultz, Earle 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegfried, Walter H. 
Sievers, William H. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Simmons, Mrs. Charles R. 
Simmons, Richard W. 
Simonson, Roger A. 
Simpson, Mrs. Anita 
Simpson, John M. 
Sims, Howard M. 
Sindelar, Joseph C. 
Sisskind, Louis 
Skeel, Fred F. 




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Annual Members 


Williams, Charles Sneed 
Williams, Clyde O. 
Williams, Lawrence 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, E. L. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Windes, Mrs. Frank A. 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolosh, George 
Wood, Milton G. 

Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Woolard, Francis C. 
Worthy, Mrs. Sidney W. 
Wray, Edward 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wulbert, Morris 
Wyzanski, Henry N. 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, Raymond 
Yavitz, Philip M. 

Yonce, Mrs. Stanley L. 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, James W. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahringer, Eugene V. 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Zglenicki, Leon 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zolla, Abner M. 
Zonsius, Lawrence W. 

Alschuler, Samuel 
Anthony, Joseph R. 

Bennett, N. J. 
Bledsoe, Samuel T. 
Brown, William A. 

Cardwell, Mrs. J. R. 

Deceased, 1939 
Caswell, Mrs. A. B. 

DePeyster, Frederic A. 
Dorney, Rev. Maurice A. 

Finkl, Frank X. 

Hall, Ross C. 

Lynch, Miss Mary E. 
McGregor, James P. 
Puttkammer, Mrs. Ernst 
Strawbridge, C. H. 


JUL 12 1940