(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Annual report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

I 







LIBRA RY 

OF THE 

U N I VERS ITY 

or 1 LLl NOIS 



507 

•F45 
1942-45 
cop. 4 
Hfjmm, 



CENTRAL CIRCUUTION BOOKSTACKS 

The person charging this material is re- 
sponsible for its renewal or its return to 
the library from which it was borrowed 
on or before the Latest Date stamped 
below You may be charged a minimum 
fee of $75.00 for eacli lost book. 

Theft, mutilation, and underlining .f book, ore reo.on. 
for d'»«»Pllnory ortlon ond may re.ul, |„ dl.«l„«| from 
the University. 
TO RENEW CAll TELEPHONE CENTER, 333-8400 

UNIVERSITY OF lUINOIS IIBKARY AT URBANA-CHAMPAir.M 



m 1 7 1995 

APR 2 4 1995 



When renewing by phone, write new due date below 
previous due date. l162 




ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR 



TO THE 



.^" 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



FOR THE YEAR 1942 







REPORT SERIES 

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 

VOLUME 13, NUMBER 1 
JANUARY, 1943 

PUBLICATION 530 



^ 



1/ 



( . -J 



fi.i 



Publications 



OF 



FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 

HISTORY 



REPORT SERIES 
Volume 13 




NATURAL 
STORY 






CHICAGO, U.S.A. 
1942 



IWE UBHAR^ Of THE 

JUL 36 ...8 
umcRsin Of laiNoi; 



Ki«ld MuiMum of Naluml Hiatory 



Reports, Vol. 13. Plate 1 




■^, r^mi 




< <)1,(»NKI, (I.IFKOUD r. CKKCH",, G.S.r. 

Colonrl (ir»n(t has b«»n a mrmbor of iho siafi of Kiflrt Mu.<u'um »inr<" 1926, and Director since 1937. 

\» a r»>iiervp offlrer of the United States .\rmy, he was called to active service prior to America's entry 

into the war. In 1942 he was promoted from Major to Lieutenant Colonel, and then to Colonel, and 

was transferred from the Chicago area to Camp Hof>d, Texas. 



Publications 



OF 



FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 

HISTORY 



REPORT SERIES 
Volume 13 




CHICAGO, U.S.A. 
1942 



'rtt UBRm OF THE 

NOV 2 1950 



I Iki It fw^- 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY FIELD MUSEUM PRESS 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

List of Plates 5 

Officers, Trustees, and Committees, 1942 7 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 8 

Former Officers 9 

List of Staff 10 

Report of the Director 13 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation . . 23 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 32 

Membership 33 

Public Relations 34 

Library 36 

Publications and Printing 38 

Photography and Illustration 40' 

Maintenance and Construction 42 

Department of Anthropology 44 

Department of Botany 49 

Department of Geology 55 

Department of Zoology 61 

Comparative Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts . . 68 

Comparative Financial Statements 69 

List of Accessions 71 

Articles of Incorporation 84 

Amended By-Laws 86 

List of Members 91 

Benefactors 91 

Honorary Members 91 

-3- 



List of Members — Continued page 

Patrons 91 

Corresponding Members 92 

Contributors 92 

Corporate Members 93 

Life iSIembers 93 

Xon-Resident Life Members 95 

Associate Members 96 

Non-Resident Associate Members 110 

Sustaining Members 110 

Annual Members 110 



-4- 



LIST OF PLATES 



FACING 
PAGE 



1. Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, G.S.C 1 

2. Special Wartime Exhibit 12 

3. Eagle Owl Mobbed by Small Birds 20 

4. Branch and Bark of Cork Oak 24 

5. Portable Natural History Exhibit for Chicago Schools . . 32 

6. A Chinese Horse Show of About 350 B.c 44 

7. Live Oak, Florida 50 

8. Welding Applied in Paleontology 58 



-5- 



OFFICERS, TRUSTEES, AND COMMITTEES, 1942 



President 
Stanley Field 



First Vice-President 
Albert A. Sprague 

Third Vice-President 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith 



Second Vice-President 
Silas H. Strawn 

Secretary 
Clifford C. Gregg 

Acting Secretary 
Orr Goodson 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Lester Armour 
Sewell L. Avery 
W. McCoRMiCK Blair 
Leopold E. Block 
Boardman Conover 
Walter J. Cummings 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Howard W. Fenton 
Joseph N. Field 
Marshall Field 

John P. 



Stanley Field 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
Charles A. McCulloch 
William H. Mitchell 
George A. Richardson 
Theodore Roosevelt 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Albert H. Wetten 
Wilson 



COMMITTEES 

Executive. — Stanley Field, Solomon A. Smith, Albert H. Wetten, 
George A. Richardson, Albert A. Sprague, Marshall Field, 
Silas H. Strawn, John P. Wilson. 

Finance. — Solomon A. Smith, Leopold E. Block, Albert B. Dick, Jr., 
Howard W. Fenton, John P. Wilson, Walter J. Cummings. 

Building. — Albert H. Wetten, William H. Mitchell, Lester Armour, 
Charles A. McCulloch, Joseph N. Field. 

Auditing. — George A. Richardson, Albert H. Wetten, W. Mc- 
Cormick Blair. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, Samuel Insull, Jr., Sewell L. Avery. 



-7- 



FORMER MEIMBERS 
OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



George E. Adams* 1893-1917 

Owes F. Aluis* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour* 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer* 1893-1927 

John- C. Black* 1893-1894 

M. C. Bullock* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. Burnham* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus* 1893-1894, 1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche* 1893-1894 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1893-1932 

Edwin Walker* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair* 1894-1928 

William J. Chalmers* 1894-1938 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones* 1894-1927 

George Manierre* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams* 1894-1899 

Cyrus H. McCormick* 1894-1936 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.* 1908-1912, 1921-1931 

John Barton Payne* 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep* 1915-1929 

Henry Field* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.* 1919-1931 

John Borden 1920-1938 

James Simpson* 1920-1939 

Albert W. Harris 1920-1941 

Harry E. Byram* 1921-1928 

Ernest R. Graham* 1921-1936 

D. C. Davies* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham* 1924-1930 

Frederick H. Rawson* 1927-1935 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

William V. Kelley* 1929-1932 

Fred W. Sargent* 1929-1939 

Leslie Wheeler* 1934-1937 



Deceased 



-8- 



FORMER OFFICERS 



Presidents 

Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

First Vice-Presidents 

Martin A. Ryerson* 1894-1932 

Second Vice-Presidents 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

James Simpson* 1933-1939 

Albert A. Sprague 1929-1932 

Third Vice-Presidents 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 

James Simpson* 1929-1932 

Albert W. Harris 1933-1941 

Secretaries 

Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

Treasurers 

Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 

Directors 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 

Stephen C. Simms* 1928-1937 

* Deceased 



-9- 



LIST OF STAFF 

director 

•Clifford C. Gregg 

acting director 

Orr Goodson 

department of anthropology 

Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator 

Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator, African Ethnology 

Richard A. Martin, Curator, Near Eastern Archaeology 

*C. Martin Wilbur, Curator, Chinese Archaeology and Ethnology 

•Alexander Spoehr, Curator, North American Ethnology 

Donald Collier, Curator, South American Ethnology and Archaeology 

George I. Quimby, Jr., Assistant Curator, North American Archaeology 

T. George Allen, Research Associate, Egyptian Archaeology 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate, American Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Research Associate, Central American Archaeology 

•John Rinaldo, Associate, Southwestern Archaeology 

Fay-Cooper Cole, Research Associate, Malaysian Ethnology 

Robert Yule, Assistant, Archaeology 

Alfred Lee Rowell, Dioramist 

tANNE Harding Spoehr, Artist 

John Pletinckx, Ceramic Restorer 

department OF BOTANY 

B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Curator, Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator, Herbarium 

•Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator, Herbarium 

Francis Drouet, Curator, Cryptogamic Botany 

•Llewelyn Williams, Curator, Economic Botany 

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate, Wood Technology 

Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate, Systematic Botany 

Emil Sella, Chief Preparator, Exhibits 

Milton Copulos, Artist-Preparator 

department OF geology 

Henry W. Nichols, Chief Curator 

IElmer S. Riggs, Curator, Paleontology 

Bryan Patterson, Curator, Paleontology 

Paul O. McGrew, Assistant Curator, Paleontology 

James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator, Paleontology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, Research Associate, Paleontology 

•Sharat K. Roy, Curator, Geology 

•Bryant Mather, Assistant Curator, Mineralogy 

* On leave in the Nation's Service, 
t ResiRned. 
X Retired. 

-10- 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 

*CoLiN Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals 

*Rudyerd Boulton, Curator, Birds 

C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator, Birds 

*Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator, Birds 

Boardman Conover, Research Associate, Birds 

Louis B. Bishop, Research Associate, Birds 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

*Melvin a. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Birds 

R. Magoon Barnes, Curator, Birds' Eggs 

Clifford H. Pope, Curator, Amphibians and Reptiles 

JAlfred C. Weed, Curator, Fishes 

LoREN P. Woods, Assistant Curator, Fishes 

William J. Gerhard, Curator, Insects 

♦Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects 

Henry S. Dybas, Assistant, Insects 

Alfred E. Emerson, Research Associate, Insects 

Charles H. Seevers, Research Associate, Insects 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Fritz Haas, Curator, Lower Invertebrates 

*D. Dwight Davis, Curator, Anatomy and Osteology 

H. Elizabeth Story, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 

Dorothy B. Foss, Assistant, Anatomy and Osteology 

taxidermists 

Julius Friesser C. J. Albrecht W. E. Eigsti 

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters *John W. Moyer 

Frank C. Wonder, Assistant Taxidermist 

Frank H. Letl, Preparator of Accessories 

Nellie Starkson, Artist-Preparator 
Joseph B. Krstolich, Artist-Preparator 

associate editor of scientific publications 

Lillian A. Ross 

department of the N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

John R. Millar, Curator 

THE JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND FOUNDATION 
FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURES 

Miriam Wood, Chief 
*Marie B. Pabst *Elizabeth Best 

*Bert E. Grove Loraine Lloyd 

Roberta Cramer 

THE library 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian 
Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian 
Eunice Gemmill, Assistant Librarian 

* On leave in the Nation's Service. 
t Retired. 

-11- 



ADMINISTRATION AND RECORDS 

Benjamin Bridge, Auditor Henry F. Ditzel, Registrar 

Noble Stephens, Assistant Auditor 

t Warren E. Raymond, Assistant Registrar 

A. L. Stebbins, Bookkeeper Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder 

Robert E. Bruce, Purchasing Agent 

PIBLIC RELATIONS COUNSEL DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS 

H. B. Harte Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

Paul G. Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer 

DIVISIONS OF photography AND ILLUSTRATION 

C. H. Carpenter, Photographer John Janecek, Illustrator 

Herman Abendroth, Assistant Photographer 

STAFF ARTIST DIVISION OF PRINTING 

Arthur G. Rueckert Farley H. Wade, in charge 

general SUPERINTENDENT CHIEF ENGINEER 

W. H. Corning William E. Lake 

James R. Shouba, Assistant Superintendent 

CAPTAIN OF THE GUARD 

E. S. Abbey 

t Resigned. 



12- 



t/> 


a: 




o 


mJ 


a. 


< 


r 


■B- 




az 


z 


Ui 


O 


< 


»- 
z 


X 


Ul 

o 




z 




Ui 


r^ 


a. 


F OC 


>- 


|- 


-J 


^- 


Ul 


U 


O 




ce 


p;0 


< 
-J 


' UJ 


UI 


1- 


OC 


< 


< 


gp 


lU 


M- 


5 


<rt 


X 




u 


OC 


X 




? 


O 


o: 




O 



o ^ 



LU 
U 

o 



o: 

UJ 

< 

r 

5 




pa 

I— I 

a 

X 
a 

w 

< 

o 
w 

Oh 



J3 



o 
'Si 

(V 

t^ 
T3 

C4 



3 01 

§ W 

bo d) 
C CO 

■S.S 

o. ,o 

73 JS 
X 

"oj to 

l5 " 
— >. 

.S -^ 

« "S 
at a> 

i3 2 









J3 



Annual Report of the Director 

1942 

To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1942: 

Wartime Conditions . . . 



Field Museum, like every other institution, faces the fact that 
our nation is embroiled in the greatest war in history. As a result, 
adjustments and curtailments have been necessary. 

In meeting wartime problems, the Museum administration has 
endeavored to adapt its poHcies in three principal directions: (1) 
to have the Museum do everything it can to aid in the war effort, 
both on its own part and by co-operation with government agencies 
and other institutions; (2) to continue to the fullest extent possible 
the Museum's own important services to public education and 
scientific research; (3) to maintain the Museum building, exhibits, 
equipment, study collections, and financial structure in such a man- 
ner that it may be prepared for resumption of full or even expanded 
activities when the war ends and the absent members of the staff 
return to its halls and laboratories. 

The problems involved have been complicated by the serious 
inroads made upon the institution's personnel by the Army, Navy, 
and other war services, both military and civilian. By the end of 
1942, three Museum Trustees and 25 employees had left for various 
war duties, and another Trustee and several more employees 
had completed arrangements and were awaiting orders from the 
military services. When it is considered that the normal personnel 
of the institution totals 208 employees (of whom only 152 are males), 
it is evident that the 25 who have left represent a large proportion 
of the institution's manpower. Of those who have gone into service, 
many are scientists and artisans in key positions directly connected 
with the basic activities of the Museum. 

The Trustees have continued the policy, adopted before the entry 
of the United States into the war, of keeping the positions of those 
in war service open for their original holders when peace comes. 
Only a few strictly temporary assistants have been employed. 

-13- 



As additional benefits for employees who have gone into the 
armed forces, the Trustees inaugurated a policy whereby the 
Museum pays for government insurance on their lives in an amount 
equal to the Museum insurance carried on them prior to their 
mduction into military service; and made provision for the purchase 
of annuities for those who return to the ^Museum after the war to 
cover the period of war service, so that at retirement age their pen- 
sion income will equal that which would have been received had 
there been no break in their continuity of serv^ice to the Museum. 

Following is a list of the INIuseum Trustees, employees, and 
volunteer associates who had entered war ser\'ice up to December 
31, 1942: 

ARMY 

Theodore Roosevelt, Trustee — Brigadier General 

Clifford C. Gregg, Director— Colonel, G.S.C. 

Dr. John Rinaldo, Associate, Southwestern Archaeology — Staff Sergeant 

Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Curator, Geology — Captain 

D. Dwight Da\is, Curator, Anatomy and Osteology — Corporal 

Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator, Birds — Corporal 

Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator, Insects — Captain 

William Beecher, Temporary Assistant, Zoology — Private 

Henry Horback, Assistant, Geology — Private 

James C. Mclntyre, Guard — Second Lieutenant 

NAVY 

Lester Armour, Triistee — Lieutenant Commander 

Joseph Nash Field, Trustee — Lieutenant (Senior Grade) 

Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator, Mammals — Lieutenant (Senior Grade) 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Assistant Curator, North American Ethnology — Ensign 

John W. Moyer, Taxidermist — Chief Specialist (Bureau of Aeronautics) 

Patrick T. McEnery, Guard — Master-at-Arms 

John Syckowski, Guard — Chief Commissary Steward 

George Jahrand, Guard — Chief Water Tender 

Clyde James Nash, Guard — Chief Gunner's Mate 

Nicholas Repar, Printer — A\iation Machinist's Mate 3C 

Morris Johnson, Carpenter — Carpenter's Mate 2C 

MARINE CORPS 
Melvin A. Traylor, Jr., Associate, Birds — First Lieutenant 

COAST GUARD 
M. C. Darnall, Jr., Guard — Ensign 
John McGinnis, Guard — Chief Boatswain's Mate 

OTHER SERVICES 

Bert E. Grove, Guide-Lecturer— American Field Service (North Africa) 
Rudyerd Boulton, Curator, Birds — Staff of Office of Strategic Services 
Brj'ant Mather, Assistant Curator, Mineralogy — Ci\ilian Worker, Corps of 

Engineers, United States Army 
Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic Botany — on special ser\ice for 

United States Government 

-14- 



Director Gregg's Departure . . . 

Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, Director of the Museum, was called 
for military service on September 1, 1940, and assigned to duty in 
the Headquarters of the Sixth Ser\ice Command in Chicago, 
Despite his militarj^ duties. Colonel Gregg continued active super- 
vision of the IMuseum's operations until ^Ma}^ 1942, when he received 
orders transferring him from the Chicago area. 

A farewell reception was given in his honor in the Museum 
Library with the entire personnel of the institution in attendance. 
An especially prepared testimonial booklet, voicing the respect and 
friendship of every man and woman employee of the Museum, was 
signed by each person and presented to Colonel Gregg. President 
Stanley Field and Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of the 
Department of Zoolog>^, made appropriate addresses. 

Since the first World War, when he was a Lieutenant of Infantry, 
Colonel Gregg had retained his commission in the Army Reserve 
Corps, continuing his military studies and frequenth^ ser\'ing in the 
summer training camps for reserve officers, thus qualifjang himself 
for promotion. At the time of his call to active duty during the 
emergenc}^ preceding the entry of the L'nited States into the present 
war, he had attained the rank of Major. In IMarch, 1942, he was 
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, A.G.D., and in Decem- 
ber, to a full Colonelcy. Colonel Gregg is now ser\nng as "G^l" on 
the staff of Major General A. D. Bruce, commanding general of the 
Tank Destroyer Center at Camp Hood, Texas. 

The Board of Trustees appointed Orr Goodson, formerly Assist- 
ant to the Director, to serve as Acting Director until Colonel 
Gregg's return from war ser\'ice. 

Staff "Carries On" . . . 



The remaining members of the staff have faithfully assumed 
extra burdens and carried on with the utmost willingness and co-oper- 
ation, and this has made possible the maintenance of nearly normal 
operations. 

In addition to the reduction in personnel, the ]\Iuseum has been 
seriously affected by general shortages of materials. ]\Iany mate- 
rials required for museum work are unavailable on account of the 
prior needs of the war effort. 

Another major problem is the uncertainty of the financial out- 
look for this ]\Iuseum in common with all other endowed institutions. 

-15- 



The factors that govern a wartime economy are not favorable 
to the yield of satisfactory revenue from the t\'pe of investments 
suitable for endowment funds. Friends of the IMuseum are called 
upon to meet increasing demands for aid to causes directly 
associated with the war. There is also great pressure upon them 
to invest their surplus funds in war bonds, and they must meet 
enormously increased taxes. These demands operate heavily against 
their ability to continue contributions to such institutions as 
Field Museum. Furthermore, the probable economic consequences 
to the country of a long war may seriously aflfect the investments 
and income of endowed institutions, a possibility that is the cause 
of great concern to administrative officers. 

Museum Activities to Aid War . . . 

Among its own contributions to the war effort, the Museum has 
extended its co-operation into every field in which it could serve. 
Special exhibits and series of special lectures bearing upon war 
geography and other war subjects have been offered as a service for 
the public. The laboratories and shops of the Museum have been 
placed at the disposal of government agencies for special projects. 

An especially notable war undertaking in the Department of 
Anthropology was the casting of models representing the types of 
heads found among American Army aviators. The purpose of the 
project was to determine a standard of measurements for the mass 
production of oxygen helmets necessary to insure the safety of 
members of the Air Corps flying at high altitudes. The work was 
done in conjunction with Mr. G. W. Borkland of the General 
Plastics Corporation and officers of the Aero-Medical Research 
Laboratory at Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio. 

At the request of the National Research Council, Washington, 
D.C., Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of Botany, and Mr. Paul C. 
Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, undertook for the Surgeons- 
General of the Army and Navy preparation of several illustrated 
booklets describing common edible and noxious plants of both tropi- 
cal America and the Arctic regions. The manuals are for the use of 
expeditionary personnel. They describe and picture plants valuable 
as sources of food, or poisonous and to be avoided for other reasons. 
A supplementary sheet on animal foods available in the tropics was 
supplied by IVIr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology. 

Members of the IMuseum staff, qualified as specialists in various 
fields, have served as consultants on various subjects. The extensive 

-16- 



files of photographs from all over the world, built up by the Museum 
in the course of years of expeditionary activities, have been made 
available to the armed forces and to various branches of the govern- 
ment, as has the Museum Library's collection of maps and charts. 
The Library has also made available to the services, and to the public 
in general, special collections of books selected for their bearing on 
various phases of the prosecution of the war. Co-operation has been 
extended to the Office of Censorship, and to the over-burdened Post 
Office Department and the transit systems, by suspending foreign 
distribution of all Museum publications until after the war. The 
Museum has co-operated with the Office of Civilian Defense in pre- 
paring its building and in training selected members of the staff to 
cope with any war emergencies that may arise. These precautions 
are designed to protect visitors in the Museum, and to safeguard 
the priceless scientific collections housed in the building, as well as 
to protect the building itself in case of bombing, fire, or other disaster. 
Included in the steps taken was the training of a number of Museum 
employees to form first aid, fire-fighting, panic-control and other 
such units. 

In efforts to co-operate with war agencies. Field Museum's 
maintenance force made a thorough check throughout the building, 
and up to October had collected twenty-eight tons of scrap metal 
(including iron, steel, bronze, copper, zinc, and lead), as well as 
several hundred pounds of scrap rubber. This material was dis- 
posed of through the proper channels of the national scrap-collecting 
campaign. 

On the "morale front," Field Museum, like other institutions 
of its kind, has a large and important part to play. It is generally 
agreed that despite the war there must be no blackout of science, 
art and educational endeavor. In this connection. Field Museum 
has filled a special need by providing exhibits and information about 
the various war areas. These have been of interest and real service 
to members of the armed forces about to be dispatched to far parts 
of the world, and to parents, wives, and other relatives who have been 
anxious to learn something of the countries to which their fighting 
men have been sent. The Museum policy in effect at all times (war 
or peace) of granting free admission to men of any of the armed 
forces of the United States (or of any of the nations allied with ours 
in the war) has been credited by commanding officers of the many 
military units quartered in Chicago and vicinity, or passing through 
this area, with being a real contribution to the morale and enter- 
tainment of troops and sailors. 

-17- 



Field Museum co-operated with the Pan American Council and 
the OMice of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs in the 
nation-wide i)ro,urams for the observation of Pan American Week 
(Ai)ril 12 19). In the month of April a special exhibit was installed 
emphasizing basic facts concerning solidarity in the western hemi- 
sphere. During the week of celebration, members of the Raymond 
Foundation stall conducted special guide-lecture tours in which this 
subject was stressed. 

Contributions . . . 



The Museum administration is especially grateful to those 
faithful supporters who, in spite of the increasing demands of taxa- 
tion, and the many calls upon their purses for the purchase of War 
Bonds and for contributions to various war causes, have neverthe- 
less continued by their generous gifts to aid the Museum in the 
solution of its revenue problems. Acknowledgment is hereby made 
both to those who have given money, and those who have given 
material for use in the exhibits, study collections, and Library. 

The outstanding individual contribution in 1942 came, as it 
has for many years past, from Mr. Marshall Field, a member 
of the Board of Trustees. The total of his gifts for the year was 
$177,966.94. 

Mr. Stanley Field, President of the Museum, contributed $22,200 
to the Museum for use in carrying out designated projects (and for 
purposes to be designated). 

The late Joan A. Chalmers made a bequest of $14,934.75. 
Her husband, the late William J. Chalmers, had for years been a 
Trustee of the Museum. 

With her customary generosity, which has continued year after 
year, Mrs. James Xelson Raymond, Founder of the James Nelson 
and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for Public School and 
Children's Lectures, again contributed $6,000 toward the current 
expenses of operation of that Foundation. 

Mr. Charles Edward Brown gave the sum of $500 which, added 
to his previous contributions, made him eligible for election as a 
Contributor, and he was elected to that membership classification 
by the Tru.stees. (Contributors include all those who give or devise 
between $1,000 and $100,000 to the Museum in money or materials, 
and their names are enrolled on an honor list in perpetuity.) 

The Institute of Andean Research, Xew York, contributed the 
sum of $1,500 to cover the cost of publication of a scientific report 

-18- 



on the results of a joint expedition to Ecuador conducted by Mr. 
Donald Collier for that institution and Field Museum. 

From the Estates of Martin A. Ryerson, a former Vice-President 
of the Museum, and Mrs. Carrie Ryerson, additional accruals of 
$1,067.55 and $5,572.16 respectively, or a total of $6,639.71, were 
received. The total of the legacy received over several years from 
the Ryerson Estates now amounts to $547,914. 

From the Estate of the late Annie S. Coburn was received a 
bequest of $1,879.15, and from that of the late Edith Almy Adams, 
$149.90, making the total of her benefactions $33,696.53. In recog- 
nition of her bequest, Mrs. Coburn was posthumously elected as a 
Contributor. 

Others who contributed funds to the Museum during 1942 were: 
Mr. Peder A. Christensen, Mr. I. Archer Levine, Mr. Grant Shoop, 
Mrs. Henry T. Heald, Dr. Robert H. Jirka, and Mr. Val Seng. 
Outstanding gifts of material for the collections came from the Estate 
of the late Louis L. Valentine, Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Colonel 
Wallis Huidekoper, Mr. Henry W. Nichols, Mr. Emil Liljeblad, 
Mr. Stanley Field, Mr. Walter F. Webb, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, and 
others. More details of these and other gifts of material will be 
found elsewhere in this Report. 

From the Chicago Park District Field Museum received 
$138,501.22, as its share of taxes levied to aid in the support of 
several museums under an act of the State Legislature. This was 
a considerable increase over the preceding year, when $129,498.70 
was received. 

A notable accession of the year was the Webb collection of 
mollusks, obtained through the interest of President Stanley Field. 
This was one of the most important collections of mollusks remaining 
in private hands. Accumulated over a period of forty years by Mr. 
Walter F. Webb, of Rochester, New York, it includes more than 
100,000 individual specimens, and is particularly rich in land and 
fresh-water snails and bivalves. Mr. Webb subsequently made 
notable additions to the collection by gift. This assemblage of 
shells is world-wide in scope, fills what had been a serious gap in 
the zoological collections, and forms a basis for further active 
research. 

Ten highly valued bronze mirrors from China were presented by 
Mrs. Neva H. Farley, of St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Field Museum made a gift of 393 shells from its collections for 
use in experiments in occupational therapy. The tests are being 
conducted at the Fitzsimons General Hospital, Denver, Colorado. 

-19- 



Trustees and Officers 



IVIr. Stanley Field was re-elected President of the Museum for 
his thirty-fourth consecutive year in that office, at the Annual 
Meeting of the Board of Trustees, held January 19. At the same 
meeting, Mr. Albert B. Dick, Jr., was elected Third Vice-President, 
filling the vacancy caused by the resignation in the previous year 
of Mr. Albert W. Harris. Other incumbent OfTicers were re-elected. 

The Board of Trustees, at its meeting held December 21, paid 
tribute to the memory of the late Louis L. Valentine by electing 
him posthumously as a Contributor, in recognition of his generous 
gifts of many notable items now exhibited in the Museum's Chinese 
collections. 

News of the passing of Walter P. Murphy, who died December 
16, was received with regret at the Museum. Mr. Murphy had been 
a generous Contributor to the Museum. 

New Exhibits . . . 



Despite the loss of personnel to military and other government 
services, and other difficulties attributable to war conditions, good 
progress was made in the completion and installation of new exhibits. 
Outstanding are four habitat groups: one an undersea scene show- 
ing the marine life of the Galapagos, based on material and data 
collected by the Leon Mandel Expedition of 1941, installed in the 
Hall of Fishes (Hall 0); another, in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18), 
showing how loggerhead turtles lay their eggs on Florida beaches; 
and, in the Hall of Birds (Hall 20), two groups, one showing the 
eagle owl of the old world, largest of extant owls, being "mobbed" 
by smaller birds during its daytime blindness, and the second 
showing the courtship dance of the ruff amid a characteristic environ- 
ment in the Netherlands. 

Among further new exhibits are: a case indicating graphically 
which American snakes are poisonous, and illustrating their geo- 
graphical distribution, installed in Harris Hall (Hall 18) — one of 
the new type of "subjective" exhibits adopted for special purposes 
in the various departments; another subjective display in the Hall 
of Vertebrate Anatomy (Hall 19), illustrating the subjects of animal 
reproduction and embryological development up to and including 
that of man; an exhibit of the prehistoric tools used by "Peking 
Man," in George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24); 
an exhibit of Chinese ivories in the same hall; several exhibits 

-20- 








o 



Q 

< 



ca 
Q 

H 

oa 

oa 
o 



o 
o 



^ iS 

0) o 

J= _ 

& -3 

M — 

§ §■ 

M-* O 

o >-. 

_ M 












j3 



;*l-*«^>4. 



.^^MGKi^iJIiefililb 



of prehistoric animals in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38); and the 
beginning of a series of insect exhibits marked by the installation 
of a case containing a selected series of the more attractive North 
American butterflies in Harris Hall (Hall 18). A major work of 
installation was nearly completed at the end of the year, and ready 
for opening early in 1943, in the Department of Anthropology. 
This was the first section, "Indian America," of the new hall (and 
new type of hall) which is to occupy Hall B and present in a radically 
new form the principal facts about New World Archaeology. 

A special wartime exhibit of the materials defined by the United 
States Army and Navy Munitions Board as "strategic," "critical," 
and "essential" — together with a colored map of the world, twelve by 
seven feet in dimensions, showing where each comes from and 
why many are now so difficult to obtain — was installed in Stanley 
Field Hall. 

Attendance . . . 



There was a sharp decline (approximately 25 per cent) in the 
number of visitors at the Museum during 1942 as compared with the 
previous year. The natural preoccupation of the public with war 
activities, the many transportation difficulties resulting from the 
tire conservation program, the curtailment of public transportation 
and the increased burdens placed upon public conveyances — and 
the further accentuation of all these problems towards the end of 
the year with the inauguration of gasoline rationing — might have 
been expected to cause an even more adverse effect upon attendance. 
The prospects are that a still further decline will be experienced 
in 1943 since it seems probable that gasoline rationing will then run 
through all twelve months. 

For a short time, because of the tire and gasoline conservation 
programs, Sunday bus service into Grant Park for visitors to Field 
Museum, the Shedd Aquarium, and the Planetarium, was canceled, 
but efforts made by the administration of the Museum obtained 
partial restoration of this service. Officials of the Chicago Motor 
Coach Company and the Office of Defense Transportation are to 
be commended for recognizing the educational value of the insti- 
tutions affected, and for continuing thus to make them available 
to the thousands of Chicagoans who have no time other than Sundays 
to visit them and no other means of transportation. 

The total number of visitors coming to the Museum in 1942 was 
1,025,002, as against 1,358,147 in 1941. It is gratifying that attend- 

-21- 



ance did not drop below the million mark, which has been surpassed 
every year since 1927. Of the visitors in 1942, 79,144 paid the 
nominal admission fee and federal tax charged on four days of the 
week; all the rest came on the three free days (Thursdays, Saturdays 
and Sundays), or belonged to classifications admitted free on all 
days, viz. children, teachers, Museum members, and members of the 
armed forces. Paid admissions showed a decline of 8.5 per cent 
against a decline of 25 per cent in attendance. 

The Museum's influence is not confined to those who actually 
enter its portals. Its benefits are extended every year to several 
hundred thousand school children by the circulation of the N. W. 
Harri.s Public School Extension's traveling portable exhibits to 
hundreds of schools and other institutions. Further, 167,414 children 
were reached by the activities of the James Nelson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures 
which, in addition to motion picture programs in the Theatre, 
lecture tours, and other programs presented within the Museum, 
also sends extension speakers out to hundreds of schools to give 
lectures and demonstrations before children in their classrooms 
and assembly halls. (Of the total, 100,777 children were reached 
by the extra-mural activities.) 

The Museum continued efforts to bring scientific information 
to other sections of the public by such means as articles in news- 
papers and periodicals, the institution's own leaflets and publica- 
tions, programs on the radio, and motion pictures. 

Large audiences were attracted to the annual Spring and Autumn 
courses of illustrated lectures for adults in the James Simpson 
Theatre on Saturday afternoons during March, April, October, and 
November. The Raymond Foundation entertainments for children 
in the Theatre on Saturday mornings during the same months, and 
a series of summer programs on Thursday's during July and August 
were well attended. The Sunday afternoon "Layman Lectures" 
presented from January to April, and from October through Decem- 
ber by Mr. Paul G. Dallwig continued to be popular, as were the 
daily guide-lecture tours for both adults and children presented 
throughout the year (except on Sundays) by staff lecturers of the 
Raymond Foundation. Various facilities of the Museum, such as 
the Theatre and the Lecture Hall, as well as the services of guide- 
lecturers, were used by numerous special groups of adults and 
children through arrangements made with the Acting Director. 
The aggregate attendance for all of these events (comprising 1,050 
audience-groups) was 86,734. 

-22- 



The motion picture equipment of the James Simpson Theatre 
was modernized by the purchase and installation of a 16-millimeter 
arc projector with sound reproducing apparatus, monitor speaker, 
and accessories. This has resulted in improved presentation of 
films. 

Raymond Foundation . . . 

The Raymond Foundation was hampered to some extent in its 
presentations of lectures, tours, motion pictures, and other programs 
by many changes attributable to war conditions, such as the dis- 
continuance of the special busses. This made it diflicult or impos- 
sible for school groups, both in and out of Chicago, to come to the 
Museum. The effects became marked in April and May — months 
when, in ordinary years, groups coming to the Museum would 
average about 1,000 students a day; this type of group attendance 
dropped about 50 per cent. At a season when, in 1941, 1,000 groups 
composed of 39,806 individuals were received, the number of groups 
in 1942 was 520, and the individuals numbered 18,510. 

However, the motion picture programs offered, as in former 
years, on Thursdays during July and August, and Saturdays dur- 
ing March, April, October, and November, showed increased attend- 
ance in 1942, with audiences aggregating 32,825 at 44 such programs, 
as against 28,798 at 46 programs in 1941. 

Loss and change of personnel on the Raymond Foundation staff, 
as well as war-engendered transportation difficulties, have curtailed 
to some degree the extension lectures given in Chicago public, 
parochial and private schools. Each school was given one lecture 
on request. There were 261 such extension lectures in 1942, attended 
by 100,777 children, as against 441 with attendance of 154,562 in 
1941. As soon as possible this extension lecture service will be 
expanded to its former dimensions. The extension lectures covered 
40 different subjects for elementary schools, and 24 for high schools. 
Among some entirely new ones added in 1942 were war topics such 
as "Strategic Materials," "Brazil, A Country of Important Re- 
sources," "Forest Products of the World," "Man's Animal Enemies," 
and "The Story of Africa." For the first time a lecture entitled 
"Life in Streams, Ponds and Marshes," illustrated with natural 
color slides, was offered to schools possessing the proper type of 
projector. 

Countless inquiries for information on war materials, and on 
countries where the battles are being fought, dictated the wisdom 

-23- 



of placing emphasis on such topics in the tours, lectures, and motion 
picture programs offered for the enjoyment and education of school 
groups and the general public both in and outside the Museum. In 
response to the requests of many Chicago people who remained in 
the city for their vacations, a special series of illustrated lectures 
and tours was offered on Thursday afternoons during July and 
August, under the general title "Backgrounds of the War." Sub- 
jects included were: "Materials of Strategic Importance in War 
Time," "Africa," "Alaska," "Brazil," "Animal Enemies in the War 
Zones," and "China." These lectures were well attended, the 
majority of the listeners following the entire series. By popular 
recjuest the first lecture was repeated. 

Northwestern University's "School Officers' Institute," which 
offered a week's program to rural school board members from the 
state of Michigan, brought several groups investigating Chicago's 
educational activities and opportunities to Field Museum. Each 
of these groups was given a brief but comprehensive explanation 
and tour in the exhibition halls and a subsequent result was that 
many rural schools sent parties of children on visits to the Museum. 

"Field Museum Stories" on seventeen subjects, written by 
Raymond Foundation staff members, were distributed to some 
20,000 children at the regular spring and fall series of motion picture 
programs. 

Tours of Museum exhibits were given for 520 groups from 
Chicago and suburban public, parochial and private schools, and a 
few clubs and miscellaneous organizations. The attendance totaled 
18,510. Ten radio follow-up programs were given in the Museum 
following regular broadcasts of the Chicago Public School Broad- 
casting Council. These progi'ams featured many war subjects. 
Attendance numbered 978. 

Many groups visiting the Museum request introductory lectures 
to provide understanding and background. These talks are usually 
illustrated with slides, and occasionally with motion pictures. In 
1942 there were 60 of these lectures, with attendance of 5,379. 

Despite prevalent transportation difficulties, the Four-H Clubs 
sent farm boys and girls from all over the country on visits to Field 
I^Iuseum during their autumn sojourns in Chicago, in accordance 
with their custom of many years' standing. The Museum was 
host to about 450 of the girls on November 30, to 384 of the boys 
on December 1, and to a smaller group which made a special tour on 
December 5. They were given special lectures and tours by the 
staff of the Raymond Foundation. 

-24- 



Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. 13, Plate 4 




BRANCH AND BARK OF CORK OAK 
Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) 



Lavman L-ectures . . . 

Speiial commendation is due to ^Mr. Paul G. Dallwig, the 
Lavrr.an Lecturer, who continued his i>opular talks, inaugurated 
in 1937. These have attracted much attention because of their 
novel mode of presentation, and the interesting manner in which 
they interpret scientific subjects for the ears of laiTnen. From the 
beginning of this activity, 'Mr. Dallwig has given his Sunday after- 
noon lectures on a purely volunteer basis without compensation 
either from the !Museum or from his audiences. During 1942 his 
lectures ran for eight months, from January to ^lay inclusive, and 
from October to December inclusive, a total of thirty-five Sunday 
presentations. A different subject was covered each month. The 
total attendance for all thirty-five lectures was 3,769. Since ^Ir. 
Dallwig's first official appearance at the Museum on October 3, 1937, 
he has addressed audiences aggregating 16,108 persons. The titles 
of ]Mr. Dallwig's lectures during 1942 were: "Nature's 'March of 
Time,' '" "Digging Up the Cave Man's Past,'' "The Parade of the 
Peaces," "The Romance of Diamonds," "Who's Who in the Mounted 
Zoo," "Gems, Jewels, and 'Junk,' " and "Mysterious *Xight-Riders' 
of the Sky." 

In addition to his regular lectures, 'Mr. Dallwig gave a spedal 
lecture at the ]M\iseum on "Gems, Jewels, and 'Junk,' " before an 
audience of members of the American Gem Society who came to 
the IMuseum on INIarch 17. He also gave many lectures outside the 
]Museum before women's clubs. Rotary Clubs, and various associa- 
tions, thus bringing ^Museum subject material to additional audiences 
of more than 5,000 people, with considerable favorable publicity 
in the press. 

Expeditions Cease . . . 



Expeditions, and also most minor field work, were discon- 
tinued during 1942 for the duration of the war. A few expedi- 
tions which had begun their work in the previous year remained in 
the field during part of 1942 in order to complete projects already 
under way. 

The major expeditions that returned, aiter eanying their work 
over from 1941, w^e as follows: 

Field ]Museum Paleontological Expedition to Honduras, led by 
Dr. Paul 0. McGrew. Assistant Curator of Paleontology, which 
obtained fossil mammal collections. 

-25- 



The joint expedition of the Institute of Andean Research and 
Field Museum to Ecuador, under the leadership of Field Museum's 
Curator of South American Archaeology and Ethnology, Mr. Donald 
Collier. In five months of excavations this expedition uncovered 
hitherto unknown archaeological sites and obtained collections of 
artifacts which may form the nucleus for further research and 
excavations in the post-war period. 

Prior to accepting a commission as Lieutenant in the United 
Stiites Navy, j\Ir. Colin Campbell Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, 
completed his zoological expedition in Peru, and collected a large 
number of desired specimens in valleys of remote tributaries of the 
Amazon. The collections obtained by Curator Sanborn, together 
with previous material obtained by the Magellanic Expedition of 
which he was a member in 1939-40, give Field Museum an excellent 
representation of the vertebrates of southern Peru. Through the 
courtesy and co-operation of ofRcials of the Peruvian government, 
the University of San Marcos at Lima, and the Museo Javier Prado 
connected with the university, arrangements were made whereby 
Field Museum will continue to take special interest in the zoology 
of Peru, and will have the collaboration of the Peruvian institutions 
in research projects connected with this subject. 

Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, 
returned after completing the work of the Fourth Field Museum 
Botanical Expedition to Guatemala, which resulted in the amassing 
of some 30,000 herbarium specimens and several hundred wood 
specimens for the Department of Botany. He covered much terri- 
tory previously unworked by botanists. 

Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Curator of Economic Botany, in Vene- 
zuela on a mission for the government of that country, concurrently 
made collections for the Department of Botany of Field Museum. 

Mr. James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator in Paleontology, and Mr. 
Orville Gilpin, of the Division of Paleontology, made a field trip to 
Utah to collect the fossil remains of a large dinosaur required 
to complete the huge Apatosaurus skeleton in Ernest R. Graham 
Hall (Hall 38). This specimen had been brought to light during the 
previous year, and it would have deteriorated if it had been 
left longer exposed to the elements. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of Botany, collected herbarium 
material in Cuba; Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of 
Zoology', collected mammals in Arizona and California; Mr. Loren 
P. Woods, Assistant Curator of Fishes, aided by the Preparator of 
Accessories, Mr. Frank H. Letl, Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Pray, 

-26- 



and others not of the Museum staff, conducted a diving expedition 
in Lake LaGrange, Cass County, Michigan, to obtain data and 
material needed for an underwater habitat group of fresh-water 
fishes now in preparation; and Staff Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht made 
studies of Kving porpoises at the Marineland Aquarium in Florida 
in preparation for making models of whales and their relatives. 

Personnel Changes . . . 

In addition to the appointment of the present Acting Director, 
and the departure of various employees into war service, to which 
reference has already been made, the following staff changes 
occurred during the year: 

Mr. Elmer S. Riggs, Curator of Paleontology, retired from the 
service of the Museum on September 15. He had been associated 
with the institution for forty-four years, and in the course of his 
notable career had conducted twelve expeditions in various parts 
of both North and South America. He and the men who worked 
under his supervision were responsible for collecting a major portion 
of the Museum's paleontological material, which constitutes a large 
and important collection. During the course of his work, Mr. Riggs 
discovered numerous new genera and species, and his publications 
upon these and other subjects are notable in the literature of his 
science. The Museum staff gave a farewell tea in his honor, and 
presented him with a set of testimonial volumes on the eve of his 
departure. 

Mr. Bryan Patterson, a member of the Museum staff since 
1926, and Assistant Curator since 1935, was immediately appointed 
Acting Curator of Paleontology following Mr. Riggs' retirement, 
and at the end of the year was given the full appointment as Curator. 
He has conducted a number of fossil-hunting expeditions, and has 
published extensively within the scope of his subject. Dr. Albert A. 
Dahlberg, former head of the Dental Clinics of Albert Merritt Bil- 
lings Hospital, was appointed Research Associate in Paleontology. 

Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole, Chairman of the Department of Anthro- 
pology at the University of Chicago, was appointed Research 
Associate in Malaysian Ethnology; and Mr. George I. Quimby, Jr., 
was appointed Assistant Curator of North American Archaeology. 

Miss Elizabeth Hambleton resigned from the staff of the James 
Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation, and Mrs. Leota G. 
Thomas, another Raymond lecturer, was granted indefinite leave of 
absence. Miss Jeanne Bailey, Miss Virginia Drew, and Miss Loraine 

-27- 



Lloyd were appointed lecturers on the Raymond Foundation staff, 
but Miss Bailey resigned before the end of the year because of her 
marriage, and Miss Drew resigned to accept a fellowship from the 
University of Chicago to study the life of Indians in Brazil. 

Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Assistant Curator of North American 
Ethnology (on leave as an Ensign in the United States Navy), and 
Mr. Donald Collier, Assistant Curator of South American Ethnology 
and Archaeology, have been promoted to positions as full Curators 
of their Divisions. 

Mr. William J. Beecher was given a temporary appointment as 
Assistant in the Department of Zoology, but subsequently left to 
answer his call for induction into the Army. Mr. Henry S. Dybas 
was appointed as a temporary Assistant in the Division of Insects. 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of Botany, reached retire- 
ment age during the year, but accepted the invitation of the Board 
of Trustees to continue in active service. Mr. William H. Corning, 
General Superintendent, also reached retirement age, but continued 
in his position at the invitation of the Board of Trustees. 

Mr. Joseph Todd, carpenter, retired on pension in March, due 
to ill health. Mr, John Anderson, carpenter in the Department of 
Anthropology, retired on pension November 1, owing to advanced 
age. Mr. A. B. Wolcott, for thirty years Assistant Curator of the 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension, retired on pension February 
1, because of advancing years and ill health. 

Mr. A. A. Miller, Collotypist, retired on pension March 1, and 
subsequently died. Other Museum employees who died during the 
year include: Mr. George Parmenter, electrician; Mrs. Adelaide F. 
Hackbarth, for many years the Museum's switchboard operator; 
Mr. J. E. Patterson, carpenter; Mr. J. W. Harrison, retired and 
pensioned preparator in Anthropology; and Mr. Thomas Hardy, 
retired and pensioned guard. Under the Museum's group insurance 
policy, sums ranging from $1,000 to $3,000 were paid to the bene- 
ficiaries of each of the deceased. 

Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, Curator of Birds, was granted indefinite 
leave of absence to accept an appointment to the staff of the Office 
of Strategic Services at Washington, D.C. With Mr. Boulton thus 
absent, with Mr. Emmet R. Blake, Assistant Curator of Birds, in 
the Army, and with Mr. John W. Mover, Bird Taxidermist, in the 
Navy, it is gratifying to note the invaluable service in the care of 
the reference collection which has been given by Mr. Boardman 
Conover, Research Associate, and by Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, 
Associate in the Division of Birds. 

-28- 



Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the Herbarium, 
was granted an indefinite leave of absence to accept a position under 
the auspices of the federal government's Board of Economic Warfare. 
He will be employed in special work in connection with strategic 
plant products of Central and South America. Mr. Llewelyn 
Williams, Curator of Economic Botany, was also granted leave of 
absence for special war work for the United States government. 

Mr. Frank Boryca, Assistant Preparator in the Plant Reproduc- 
tion Laboratories of the Department of Botany, took leave of 
absence to enlist in the United States Marine Corps, but after 
several months in that service was given an honorable discharge and 
returned to his work at the Museum. 

In recognition of the impact of increasing taxes and rising costs 
of living, the Board of Trustees voted a general bonus for the year 
1942 of $75 each to all Museum employees earning salaries of $3,000 
a year or less. 

An innovation of the year was the closing of all offices in the 
Museum all day Saturdays during the period from July 4 to Septem- 
ber 5, and dismissing all employees on these additional half-days 
except guards, door attendants, and janitors, who have to continue 
their duties as usual in order that the Museum exhibits may remain 
open to the public. 

A payroll deduction plan was inaugurated whereby Field Museum 
employees may purchase war bonds on a regular schedule. 

Special Staff Activities . . . 



Many members of the staff of Field Museum were the recipients 
of special honors conferred by other institutions during the year. 
Others distinguished themselves by special activities in scientific 
research outside their Museum duties, in special services to the 
government in connection with the war, or as lecturers on various 
subjects before audiences in many parts of the country, and on the 
radio. Many visited institutions in other cities to supplement their 
research material; others participated in field work in a variety of 
locations; still others broadened their scientific outlook by contact 
with their colleagues from kindred institutions at the meetings of 
various learned societies. Some examples of these forms of activity 
are cited in the following paragraphs: 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnology, was 
appointed to membership on the African Committee of the Ethno- 
graphic Board of the National Research Council. He attended 

-29- 



several meetings at Washington, D.C., in a consultative capacity 
on matters pertaining to the war, and conducted much organization 
and research work for this purpose concurrently with his work at the 
Museum. 

The degree of Doctor of Philosophy was conferred by the Uni- 
versity of Chicago upon Assistant Curator Paul 0. McGrew of 
the Division of Paleontology, in recognition of his researches and 
publications. 

Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, was appointed 
by the University of Chicago as Lecturer in the Department of 
Zoology. Mr. Schmidt was honored also by election as President of 
the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, and by 
appointment to the editorial board of the American Midland 
Naturalist. 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, was ap- 
pointed by the University of Chicago as a Research Associate (with 
the rank of full professor) in its Department of Anthropology. 
Dr. Martin will from time to time give special lectures for classes at 
the University, and later will give a special course at the Museum 
in museology. 

Leave of absence was granted to Mr. J. Francis Macbride, 
Associate Curator of the Herbarium, to give him opportunity for 
studies at various herbaria in the west in connection with his pub- 
lication on the flora of Peru. He also made studies of the work 
being done by the Guayule Emergency Rubber Project of the 
United States government at Salinas, California, and conducted 
researches at institutions in Washington, D.C., and at the Univer- 
sity of California at Berkeley and Los Angeles. 

Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, attended 
the meetings of the Cooper Club (an organization of naturalists of 
which he was one of the original founders forty-nine years ago), 
at San Diego, California. Mrs. Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian, 
and Mrs. Mary W. Baker, Associate Librarian, attended the meet- 
ings of the American Library Association held at Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, and the Illinois Library Association in Chicago. Mr. 
James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator in Paleontology, spent several 
weeks in the east studying preparation and installation methods 
used in other museums. 

Staff Taxidermist John W. Moyer prepared the article on taxi- 
dermy to appear in a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. 
Mr. Moyer also prepared the text for a Taxidermy Handbook to 



30 



be published by the Boy Scouts of America for their Merit Badge 
Series, illustrations for which were made by Staff Artist Arthur G. 
Rueckert. 

The Museum was represented by Mr. H. B. Harte, its Public 
Relations Counsel, in the activities of the Publicity Club of Chicago 
which has become a vital factor in relations between the press, the 
publicity men and women of the city, and the various institutions 
employing press representatives. Mr. Harte was appointed a 
member of the organization's Committee on Education. The 
Museum donated part of his time and services to the publicity 
office of the United States Treasury's Chicago War Savings Staff, 
to promote the sale of war bonds and stamps. Later, Mr. Harte 
enlisted for the duration of the war in the United States Coast Guard 
Reserve (T) to serve part time on lake and river patrols in this area, 
and became Managing Editor of the magazine published by the 
Coast Guard Auxiliary to promote education in service routines. 

Among those who lectured before meetings of scientific societies, 
university classes, and general audiences of laymen, and on the 
radio were: Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology; 
Dr. C. Martin Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and Eth- 
nology; Staff Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht; Staff Taxidermist John 
W. Moyer; Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant Curator of the 
Herbarium; Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Her- 
barium; Mr, Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology; Dr. Wilfred 
H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus of Zoology; Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, 
Curator of Birds; Mr. Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator of Fishes; 
and Miss Miriam Wood, Miss Marie B. Pabst, and Mrs. Leota G. 
Thomas, of the Raymond Foundation staff. 

Volunteer Workers . . . 



As in other years, the Museum has benefited greatly from the 
assistance rendered by volunteer workers who have contributed 
their time without remuneration to aid the over-burdened regular 
staff in both research work and routine tasks. The names of some 
of these volunteer workers appear in the List of the Staff at the 
beginning of this Report, distinguished from salaried workers by 
the titles "Research Associate" and "Associate." Mr. Paul G. 
Dallwig, the Layman Lecturer, also serves without compensation. 
For their services, grateful acknowledgment is made to all who are 
thus listed, and to the following additional volunteers: In the 
Department of Anthropology: Mr. Leonard Johnson, Miss Berenice 

-31- 



Crown, Mr. and ]Mrs. Millard Rogers, Miss Justine Mayer, Miss 
Dixie Davis, Mrs. Iva Schmidt, Miss Jane Darrow, Mrs. Rose 
Miller. Department oj Botany: Mr. Donald Richards, Mrs. Catharine 
M. Richards. Department of Zoology: Dr. Harry Sicher, Dr. Walter 
Segall, Mrs. Marian Gray, Mr. Eugene Ray, Mr. David Owens, Mr. 
Robert Haas, Mrs. John Morrow, Miss Marion Clow. N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension: Miss Anne Rosner. 

Harris School Extension . . . 



The preparation of portable museum exhibits, and their circula- 
tion in Chicago schools by the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, 
continued as an important contribution of Field Aluseum to the 
instruction of school children and other young people in elementary 
science. A slight gain in the number of schools served brought the 
total at the end of the year to 497. 

Twenty new exhibits were prepared, on carnivorous plants, 
jack-in-the-pulpit, feather structure, and bird topography, and three 
cases on natural hydrocarbons were re\ased. New specimens, 
labels, and rearrangements provided more effective display, and 
improved teaching value. A total of 1,098 portable exhibits was 
available at the end of the year. 

Incidental collecting by staff members, gifts from individuals, 
and transfers of material from the scientific departments of the 
Museum supplied a total of 279 specimens for the preparation of 
new exhibits, or to augment reserve collections. 

The number of requests to borrow particular cases or collections 
of material decreased in 1942, after several years of growing demand 
for unmounted specimens that could be handled by pupils. This 
decline is apparently an effect of the war's impact on school 
activities and interests. Twelve hard fiber hand cases, especially 
designed, were purchased to pack loan collections of this type. 

There was no loss or irreparable damage to any of the cases in 
circulation during the year; however, 419 cases required repairs or 
reinforcing parts. 

In December, restrictions were imposed by the Office of Defense 
Transportation on the use of the Museum's delivery trucks, neces- 
sitating revision of delivery schedules. The loan period for cases 
has been lengthened from ten days to thirteen days to reduce truck 
mileage. 

By means of a questionnaire, a survey was made of the various 
procedures followed at each school in handling Han'is Extension 

-32- 




M 

o 
o 
w 
o 

M 

o 
c 
< 
o 

X 

o 

o 



X 

H 

o 3 



o 

M 0! 

5 « 



El 

2 






Eh CL, 

O 

Ah 



cases, as a preliminary to an analysis of the use and effectiveness of 
these visual aids to instruction. From the data obtained, it is hoped 
to establish reliable criteria for the selection and organization of 
future subject matter. 

Membership . . . 

It is regretted that a net decrease of 49 must be reported in the 
number of Museum Members for 1942. Many Members are now 
ser^^ng with the armed forces, and because those remaining are 
confronted with the necessity of continuing to give aid to a great 
variety of war causes, a decrease was to be expected — it is the first 
decrease in membership since 1938. During the year a total of 377 
new Members were enrolled, while a total loss of 426 Members was 
incurred through transfers, cancellations, and deaths. The total 
number of memberships as of December 31, 1942, was 4,265. 

In view of the war demands upon everyone, the administration 
of Field Museum is most grateful to all those Members who have 
continued their loyal support, as well as to the new Members who 
have associated themselves with the activities of the institution. It 
is very largely through their co-operation and support that the con- 
tinuance and expansion of the educational and cultural activities 
of Field Museum are made possible. To those Members who found 
it necessary to discontinue their memberships and to those who have 
joined the armed forces, an invitation is extended to enroll again 
as Members whenever they may find it possible to do so. 

The follov/ing tabulation shows the number of names on the list 
of each of the membership classifications at the end of 1942: 

Benefactors 23 

Honorary Members 12 

Patrons 25 

Corresponding Members 7 

Contributors 130 

Corporate Members 46 

Life Members 234 

Non-Resident Life Members 12 

Associate Members 2,368 

Non-Resident Associate Members 8 

Sustaining Members 9 

Annual Members 1,391 

Total memberships 4,265 

The names of all persons listed as Members during 1942 will be 
found on the pages at the end of this Report. 

-33- 



Public Relations . . . 

The year 1942 dawned with apparently poor prospects for Field 
Museum publicity, due to the increased demands of world events 
upon the limited space of newspapers curtailed in size. Actually, 
however, owing to an emphasis on Museum material having a 
bearing on war geography, strategic materials, and other "spot 
news" subjects of the day, the year turned out to be one of the most 
successful from the standpoint of keeping the Museum in the public 
eye, vitalizing its exhibits and activities, and relating them to the 
phases of life currently uppermost in the minds of our citizens. 

The Museum obtained publication of articles running as much 
as a full Sunday newspaper page on its exhibits associated with 
localities in which battles were raging, or related to topics which 
were in the forefront of public discussion because of rationing and 
conservation programs. Outstanding among these subjects were: 
the Coral Sea, islands of the Pacific, Madagascar, Africa, China, 
rubber, sugar, coffee, and strategic materials. 

Acknowledgment is made of the splendid co-operation extended 
by the Chicago Daily Neivs, Chicago Sim, Chicago Daily Times, 
Chicago Tribune, Chicago Herald-American, and Chicago Journal 
of Commerce. Mr. H. B. Harte, the Museum's Public Relations 
Counsel, enjoyed particularly helpful co-operation on the part of a 
number of editors, special writers, and columnists. For expediting 
transmission of news from Field Museum to various local papers, 
the Museum is grateful to the office staff of the City News Bureau; 
and for its transmission to newspapers all over this country and to 
foreign countries, to the staffs of the Associated Press, United 
Press, International News Service, and Science Service. Frequent 
mention of Museum events was made also on radio news programs 
by a host of announcers. Much desirable publicity was obtained 
by circulating Museum news releases to the several hundred neigh- 
borhood and foreign language newspapers scattered around Chicago, 
and suburban and other dailies and weeklies published in the 
environs of Chicago, and in the Middle West. 

More than 350 news releases, an average of almost one a day 
throughout the year, accompanied in many cases by photographs, 
were prepared by the Public Relations Counsel, and distributed 
through the various channels noted. In many cases these releases 
stimulated editors to follow up by sending their own staff reporters 
and photographers for additional material. Newspaper editorials 
also occasionally resulted from Museum stories. 

-34- 



A feature-length motion picture with sound, "Background for 
Tomorrow," telHng the story both of the exhibits and of the "behind 
the scenes" activities of Chicago's several great museums was made 
by Atlas Productions, Inc. It includes an opening section on Field 
Museum prepared in accordance with suggestions made by the 
Acting Director, the several Chief Curators, various other members 
of the scientific and technical staff, and the Public Relations Counsel. 
The film, sponsored by the Chicago Association of Commerce, is 
being used for exhibition before high schools, parent-teacher associa- 
tions, and other groups interested in education and civic activities. 

The Division of Public Relations co-operated on a more extensive 
scale than ever before with the similar di\"isions of the other leading 
museums of Chicago in various joint newspaper projects and other 
promotional work intended to make Chicagoans and visitors from 
other localities more conscious of the cultural opportunities afforded 
by this city. 

The monthly Field Museum News, especially published to keep 
the several thousand members of the Museum constantly informed 
of all the institution's activities, and to bring them illustrated 
articles on various scientific topics, was continued for its thirteenth 
volume and year. One issue was omitted during the summer, as a 
war-necessitated measure. In December, a special enlarged edition 
was published as a Christmas number including an illustration, in 
full colors, of the new Galapagos fish group. When the Director of 
the Museum, Colonel Clifford C. Gregg, was transferred in May 
from the Chicago area to an Army post in Texas, Dr. Wilfred H. 
Osgood, Curator Emeritus of Zoology, assumed the editorship of 
the News. 

In addition to maintaining contact between the Museum and its 
Members, the Neivs serves various newspapers, general magazines, 
trade and technical journals, and radio commentators as a source 
of information regarding the Museum's work. 

The Museum is again indebted to various transportation com- 
panies and other organizations for making available without charge 
the advertising facilities they control. Among these are : the Chicago, 
Aurora and Elgin Railroad, the Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee 
Railroad, the Chicago and North Western Railway, the Chicago 
Rapid Transit Lines, and the Chicago Surface Lines. Posters and 
placards advertising IMuseum lectures and other acti\ities were 
displayed at stations and in cars of these companies. Likewise, 
through such media as office buildings, hotels, convention com- 
mittees, schools, and stores, placards were displayed, and thousands 

-35- 



of copies of folders describing the Museum or announcing lectures 
were distributed. The principal conventions held in Chicago were 
invited to urge their delegates to visit the Museum, and many large 
groups came as a result. 

Library . . . 



The number of outsiders consulting the Library has been reduced 
by the war in the same way as general Museum attendance, chiefly 
because of curtailed transportation. However, more inquiries by 
telephone are received than formerly, and thus the Library service 
is being maintained on a large scale. During 1942 several groups of 
young people have visited the Library and learned something of its 
special resources, and this should result in future increased use. 

The war has also affected the receipt of foreign periodicals. 
Many of these are being allowed to accumulate at the source for 
the duration, but a few continue to arrive with reasonable regu- 
larity. Exchanges have always been important sources of increases 
in the Library, but since the war began very few foreign institutions 
have been able to send their publications. Field Museum, likewise, 
is suspending shipment of its publications for foreign exchange 
until after the war. Institutions in this country have continued to 
send valuable publications. 

Work has continued on the revision of the Union List of Serials, 
one of the Library's most important reference tools. 

In the American Library Association's "Victory Book Campaign" 
the Library of Field Museum and various members of the staff 
gathered a good collection to be sent to men in the armed forces. 

The repair and rebinding of books was continued vigorously, and 
nearly 9,000 volumes have now received treatment. When this 
important project has been finished it should be possible to maintain 
current material in good condition. 

The Library continued filling out the files of incomplete sets of 
various periodicals. Among the periodicals secured are the Entomolo- 
gists' Monthly, 76 volumes; Journal of Animal Ecology, 8 volumes; 
Journal of Conchology, 21 volumes; Journal of Ecology, 21 volumes; 
Parasitology, 11 volumes. 

Some extremely desirable additions of books have been pur- 
chased. Among these are Edwards' Botanical Register, 34 volumes, 
1815-1847; Linnaeus, Parte Practica de Botanica, 8 volumes, 1784; 
Rheede tot Draakestein, Hortus Indicus Malabctricus, 12 volumes, 

-36- 



1686-1703; Rumpf, Herbarium Amboinense, 7 volumes, 1750-1755; 
Biringuccio, Pirotechnia (translation — original published 1540); 
Coon and Chappie, Principles of Anthropology; Creswell, Earkj 
Muslim Architecture; Ferguson, Survey of Chinese Art; Lengyel, 
Dakar; Thompson, Thailand; Biological Symposia; Ferussac, Histoire 
Naturelle Generale et Particuliere des Mollusques, 3 volumes, 1819- 
1851; Kent, Manual of Infusoria, 3 volumes, 1880-1882. 

The Library has received many much appreciated gifts. Mr. 
Elmer S. Riggs, Curator of Paleontology, at the time of his retire- 
ment presented his personal library representing in great part the 
writings of contemporaries in his science. Mr. Henry W. Nichols, 
Chief Curator of Geology, presented a valuable collection of periodi- 
cals, many of which have been bound during the year. He has also 
notified the Museum that he has executed a codicil in his will 
bequeathing his books to the Library at his death. President 
Stanley Field presented a valuable set of Hastings' Encyclopaedia 
of Religion and Ethics, in 12 volumes, and Hutchinson's Customs of 
the World. He also continued giving current numbers of the Illus- 
trated London Neivs and the Audubon Magazine. Colonel Clifford 
C. Gregg (Director of the Museum, on leave for war service) gave 
numbers of many current periodicals. Mr. Boardman Conover, 
Trustee and Research Associate, again presented maps of special 
interest and importance. Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus 
of Zoology, and Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator of Zoology, 
have continued gifts of useful publications. 

Mr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, added a rare volume. Report of the Exploration of 
the Region of the Rio Colorado. Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower 
Invertebrates, gave a set of Alexander Humboldt's Kosmos, and other 
useful volumes. Dr. Earl E. Sherff, Research Associate in System- 
atic Botany, as in previous years, added many titles to the botanical 
resources of the Library. Mr. Emil Liljeblad, former Assistant 
Curator of Insects, added valuable entomological publications to 
his gifts of the past two years. 

Other donors of books include Carnegie Institution of Washing- 
ton, Dr. Gregorio Bondar, Mr. Olaf Olsson Nylander, Dr. J. Chris- 
tian Bay, Miss Celia Elenbogen, Mrs. M. J. Hubeny, North Park 
College, Pan American Union, Mr. J. R. de la Torre-Bueno, Mrs. 
F. C. Walch, Dr. Jos^ Cuatrecasas, Mr. WilKam H. Corning, and 
Mr. Henry S. Dybas. 

With inter-library loans increasing in importance, the Library 
acknowledges with gratitude help thus received from many libraries, 

-37- 



among them the Library of Congress, John Crerar Library, and the 
Hbraries of the University of Chicago, United States Department 
of Agriculture, University of Ilhnois, Missouri Botanical Garden, 
and Harvard University (the last named including the libraries of 
Peabody ]\Iuseum and of the Museum of Comparative Zoology). 

The John Crerar Library very generously placed in this insti- 
tution, on permanent loan, some 200 rare books on malacology, 
a collection vitally needed by Dr. Fritz Haas, Curator of Lower 
Invertebrates, for the pursuit of his researches. 

Publications and Printing . . . 



Owing to war conditions and the resultant effect on shipping, 
distribution of exchange publications to libraries, museums, and 
individual scientists during 1942 was confined almost entirely to 
those within the United States and Canada. These distributions 
consisted of 4,493 copies of scientific publications, 204 leaflets, and 
291 miscellaneous publications and pamphlets. A considerably 
larger quantity of these papers has been stored with open stock in 
the Museum, and will be sent to foreign exchanges after the war. 

The Museum also sent 3,858 complimentary copies of the Annual 
Report of the Director for 1 BJ+l to its Members. 

Sales during the year totaled 1,445 publications, 5,595 leaflets, 
and 17,439 miscellaneous pamphlets such as Guides, Handbooks, 
and Memoirs. Fifty new exchange arrangements with domestic 
and foreign institutions and scientists were established. For future 
sales, foreign exchanges, and other distribution, the Museum 
in 1942 wrapped, labeled, and stored 6,032 copies of scientific 
publications. 

A handbook of color plates representing various exhibits at 
Field Museum, in which color value was the basis for the selections, 
was published in 1942. The plates themselves are gifts of Mr. 
Clarence B. Mitchell, Research Associate in Photography, who 
devoted time and money generously to producing the color photo- 
graphs. The booklet is entitled Exploring Field Museum. 

Early in 1942 the Museum discontinued use of the collotype 
process for post card reproductions. Halftones are now being used 
for new cards. Of the 87,409 picture post cards sold during the year, 
13,391 were grouped in 576 sets relating to specific subjects. 

The year's production of the Division of Printing included ten 
new numbers in the Museum's regular publication series, some for 

-38- 



each Department. These comprised 1,098 pages of type composi- 
tion. The aggregate numbers of copies of these printed by Field 
Museum Press was 13,319. Two leaflets were issued, both on anthro- 
pological subjects. The number of pages in these was 158, and the 
copies totaled 5,622. A twenty-second edition and a reprint of the 
General Guide, each consisting of 56 pages and nine illustrations, 
were issued, the two printings totaling 15,388 copies; also printed 
was an eleventh edition of the Handbook of Field Museum, con- 
taining 78 pages (3,631 copies). The special handbook, Exploring 
Field Museum, consisting of 88 pages and 43 colored plates, was 
published in an edition of 4,600 copies. The total number of 
pages printed in all books was 1,534, and the total number 
of copies issued was 42,560. 

Miscellaneous job work consumed a large part of the time in 
the Division. Of major importance was the printing of eleven issues 
of Field Museum News (eight pages each except the December 
number, which was twelve pages), with an average of 5,200 copies 
per issue. Exhibition labels printed for all Departments of the 
Museum during the year reached a total of 3,522. Other printing, 
including Museum stationery, posters, lecture schedules, post cards, 
and Museum Stories, brought the total number of impressions for 
the year to 963,661. 

The latest model of t>TDe-casting machine was purchased and 
installed in the Museum's Division of Printing. The new caster, 
together with similar equipment already in service, was housed in 
a room especially designed for the purpose. This addition gives 
Field Museum Press a complete type-casting plant. 

A detailed list of publications issued during the year is as 
follows: 

Publication Series 

513. — Anthropological Series, Vol. 33, No. 2. Kinship System of the Seminole. 
By Alexander Spoehr. February 19, 1942. 86 pages, 10 text figures. 
Edition 659. 

514.— Zoological Series, Vol. XIII, Part I, No. 1. Catalogue of Birds of the 
Americas. By Charles E. Hellmayr and Boardman Conover. April 30, 
1942. 636 pages. Edition 809. 

515. — Report Series, Vol. 12, No. 3. Annual Report of the Director for the Year 
1941. January, 1942. 156 pages, 10 plates. Edition 5,732. 

516. — Botanical Series, Vol. 22, No. 8. New Species of Croton from Guatemala. 
By Leon Croizat. June 15, 1942. 12 pages. Edition 854. 

517. — Botanical Series, Vol. 22, No. 9. New Palms of Bahia. By Gregorio 
Bondar. June 15, 1942. 10 pages. Edition 858. 

518. — Botanical Series, Vol. 20, No. 5. The Filamentous Myxophyceae of Ja- 
maica. By Francis Drouet. June 15, 1942. 18 pages. Edition 846. 

-39- 



519. — Botanical Series, Vol. 20, No. 6. Studies in Myxophyceae. I. By Francis 
Drouet. June 15, 1942. 20 pages, 3 plates. Edition 964. 

520. — Geological Series, Vol. 8, No. 10. Preliminary Description of Two Lower 
Miocene Carnivores. By Elmer S. Riggs. June 25, 1942. 4 pages, 
2 text figures. Edition 850. 

521. — Botanical Series, Vol. 22, No. 10. Hawaiian Pittospora. Some Mexican 
Coreopsideae. A Note on Xylosma Hawaiiense Seem. By Earl Edward 
Sherfif. November 16, 1942. 116 pages. Edition 923. 

522. — Zoological Series, Vol. XXII, No. 9. Notes on a Collection of Birds from 
Michoacan, Mexico. By Emmet R. Blake and Harold C. Hanson. 
November 23, 1942. 40 pages, 4 plates, 2 text figures. Edition 824. 

Leaflet Series 

Anthropology', No. 25. The Civilization of the Mayas (fourth edition). 
By J. Eric Thompson. 106 pages, 14 plates, 11 text figures, 1 map, 
1 cover design. May, 1942. Edition 1,549. 

Anthropology, No. 30. The Races of Mankind. Sculptures by Malvina 
Hoflfman (fourth edition). By Henry Field, with a preface by Berthold 
Laufer, and an introduction by Sir Arthur Keith. 52 pages, 9 plates. 
June, 1942. Edition 4,073. 

Handbook Series 

Handbook. General information concerning the Museum, its history, 
building, exhibits, expeditions, and activities. Eleventh edition. March, 
1942. 78 pages, 8 plates. Edition 3,631. 

Exploring Field Museum. 1942. 88 pages, 43 colored plates of exhibits in 
the Museum, with brief descriptive text opposite each. Edition 4,600. 

Guide Series 

General Guide to Field Museum of Natural History Exhibits. Twenty- 
second edition. 1942. 56 pages, 6 plates, 3 floor plans. Edition 12,278. 

General Guide to Field Museum of Natural History Exhibits. Twenty- 
second edition. 1942. (Reprint.) 56 pages, 6 plates, 3 floor plans. 
Edition 3,110. 



Photography and Illustration . . . 

The production of the Di\'ision of Photography for 1942 totaled 
12,458 items, including negatives, prints, bromide enlargements, 
lantern slides, and transparencies. These include both the require- 
ments of the Museum itself, and the items prepared for other 
institutions, for the press, for book publishers, and for the public 
in general. The project of classifying, indexing, numbering, caption- 
ing and filing the collection of more than 100,000 negatives was 
continued. 

The Museum's Staff Illustrator, Mr. John J. Janecek, completed 
orders for 815 items of art work. These included 372 scientific 
drawings, 40 maps, 18 diagrams and charts, linoleum plates for the 
printing of three-color posters, layouts, and various retouching 

-40- 



jobs. He also painted surface and interior features on a large plaster 
bas-relief of the earth, and made a number of photo-micrographs of 
geological and zoological subjects. 

The principal work of Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert is reported 
upon in the descriptions of habitat group installations in this Report 
under Department of Zoology — Installations and Rearrangements 
(p. 63). Mr. Rueckert also worked upon large murals for the Hall 
of Plant Life in the Department of Botany, and assisted and advised 
all Departments on various art problems. 

The Book Shop ... 

Sales of the Field Museum Book Shop again increased in 1942 
above those of any year since its establishment in 1938, attesting a 
notably successful operation when it is considered that decreased 
Museum attendance cut down the number of potential purchasers, 
and that various factors tended to increase management costs. In 
addition to over-the-counter sales, the Book Shop handled a good 
volume of mail orders resulting from advertising carried in Field 
Museum News. Stocks of books, and of other articles such as 
book-ends, paperweights, and models of animals were maintained 
on a scale to meet all demands. One of the factors believed respon- 
sible for the success of the Book Shop is the fact that public con- 
fidence has been established in the authenticity of the scientific 
books it sells, inasmuch as all are required to pass tests for approval 
by members of the Museum's scientific staff before they may be 
offered for sale. 

Art Classes . . . 



Both child and adult students from the School of the Art Insti- 
tute of Chicago continued to use Field Museum exhibits as material 
for studies in certain of their classes, an arrangement that has been 
encouraged by both institutions for years past. Material in the 
exhibits of this museum was of value for studies in composition, 
research, drawing, painting, pattern design, sketching, modeling, 
and the history of art. Especially rich as inspirational material are 
the Department of Anthropology's collections illustrating the arts 
of ancient peoples and also of modern primitives. The art school's 
Saturday Junior Department found the Museum particularly helpful 
to instructors with large classes of children, and attendance at Field 
Museum is a regular curricular feature. 

-41- 



Special Project for the Blind . . . 

During several months in the past year, Field Museum's col- 
lections, especially in the Department of Anthropology, have been 
made available for special work with the congenitally blind. The 
activity has been conducted by Mr. Donald Hesson, a blind attor- 
ney-at-law whose avocation is aiding others who are sightless, and 
Mrs. Hesson (Marie Seton), a former British journalist who became 
interested some years ago in the problems of the blind from a social 
service standpoint. For the work at Field Museum a room was 
assigned to Mr. and Mrs. Hesson, and a group of twelve blind 
persons ranging in age from 16 to 42 was in attendance. The latter 
acted as subjects in preliminary experiments, conducted twice 
a week, to obtain records of their reactions in handling selected 
material. The data obtained will be used in an attempt to evaluate 
the extent to which the tactual sense can be trained to substitute 
for sight. 

Cafeteria . . . 



The decline in general Museum attendance was reflected in the 
business of the Cafeteria, the number of persons served with meals 
dropping to 95,002 as compared with 100,740 in 1941. There was, 
however, an increase in the number using the rooms provided for 
those who bring lunches, with 81,184 taking advantage of these 
facilities as compared with 76,342 in 1941. This compensated in 
part for sales decrease in the main Cafeteria, inasmuch as the 
management operates a special lunch counter vending edibles and 
soft drinks to supplement the box lunches brought by children and 
other patrons. 

Maintenance and Construction ... 



Within the limitations imposed by war priorities and the prob- 
lems of personnel losses, maintenance of the Museum building 
continued on as nearly normal a scale as possible. The General 
Superintendent and the Chief Engineer deserve much credit for their 
accomplishments in the face of adverse conditions. Only a few of 
the many tasks performed can be mentioned in the limited space 
available. 

The fire fighting apparatus was again increased. The hand rails 
on the north entrance steps, and on the inside stairway to Hall N, 

-42- 



were repaired. New shades were made and installed at the 
entrance to the James Simpson Theatre, and in the Director's and 
President's offices. The service section of the lunch room was 
enlarged, new counters were installed, the room was redecorated, 
tables and benches were refinished, and some new ones added. 

The reconditioning of the main roof skylight was completed 
late in the fall. All old glass remaining was scoured clean, which 
greatly improved the lighting of Stanley Field Hall. 

Considerable tuckpointing was done, and repairs to masonry 
were made on the north and south steps, the flagpole bases, and the 
walls of the photographer's studio and various other rooms on the 
third floor. The terra cotta walls that screen the steel smokestack 
were caulked, and a reinforced concrete hanger beam was replaced 
under one wall. 

Sashes of 108 windows on the third floor were overhauled. 
Sills, pulley stiles, parting beads, sash and weatherstrips were replaced 
wherever necessary. A steeplejack was employed to clean and paint 
the flagpoles. A portion of the roof above Hall 6 was re-covered. 
The drapes in the Theatre were repaired and cleaned, and 85 square 
yards of carpet were replaced. 

The lumber and lumber storage racks were removed to the south 
stair area to make space for a projected hall for whale exhibits. A 
large fresh-air duct was cut, and the entrance to the Harris Exten- 
sion's ground floor storage room was changed in connection with 
this undertaking. 

A tile partition in the ground floor press room was removed to 
take out the abandoned rotogravure press, which was sold for scrap 
iron. The room was remodeled and equipped for use as a mono- 
type room. 

Work was begun on re-locating the children's cloak room on the 
ground floor, in connection with plans for installing a new fresh- 
water fish exhibit. 

A great deal of washing, painting, and cleaning was done, includ- 
ing the walls and ceiling of the James Simpson Theatre, portions 
of eight exhibition halls, the main stairway walls on first and second 
floors, the "vistas" on each side of Stanley Field Hall, Hall C, a 
number of corridors, and the lower walls of the Cafeteria. Various 
offices also were redecorated, as were the libraries of the Depart- 
ments of Anthropology and Zoology. The Knight murals of pre- 
historic animals in Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) were washed 
and restarched. 

-43- 



Construction, begun late in 1941, of three zoology work rooms 
on the fourth floor, was completed. Rooms 73 and 75 were remodeled 
into three smaller offices for the curators. 

Twenty-four new exhibition cases were built, and five cases 
remodeled during the year. 

All four boilers of the Museum's heating plant were thoroughly 
cleaned, and necessary repairs made to the settings and linings. 
Boiler tubes were turbined and tested, and it was found necessary 
to replace all but the lower row of tubes in one boiler. The coal 
conveyor was overhauled, and 50 buckets were replaced. A new 
ash pack elbow was installed in the ash conveyor. All pumps were 
repacked, and the motors and pumps were painted. 

New lighting was installed in various third and fourth floor 
rooms, and water, exhaust, air, gas, and drainage facilities provided, 
as required by installations of power machinery used in several 
divisions. An electric oven was constructed for the Department 
of Zoology for drying insects in Room 89. Additional lighting was 
provided in other parts of the building, a total of thirty fluorescent 
units being used. Twenty-one new exhibition cases were wired for 
use in various halls. 

Under contracts in force for a number of years, 11,605,737 pounds 
of steam were furnished to the John G. Shedd Aquarium, 4,068,768 
to Soldier Field, and 11,845,877 to the Administration Building of 
the Chicago Park District. 



Department of Anthropology 

Expeditions and Research . . . 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, Chief Curator of Anthropology, completed 
his analysis of the material obtained by the Archaeological Expedi- 
tion to the Southwest in 1941 at the SU Site. His detailed report 
is being published by Field Museum Press. Briefly stated, his 
analysis leads to the following hypotheses: 

The SU Site, a Mogollon village (near Reserve, New Mexico), 
was probably in existence prior to A.D. 500 and was the only town 
of the Pine Lawn Phase in the vicinity. The economy of the SU 
people consisted mainly of seed-gathering, with little farming or 
hunting. The culture as a whole was simple as regards the develop- 
ment of material things. Psychologically it was timid, conservative, 
inflexible, rather stagnant, homogeneous, and fairly stable, though 

-44- 




0) 




X 




H 








tc 


^ 


s 


.if 


m 


Ic 








m 


't- 


OJ 


3 


j= 




o 


C 


B 



O 


-5 


V. 






c 


o 




a 


OJ 


J3 






& 


V 




o 


-^ 


J= 




lO 


0- 


H 




H 


5 


IV 








u 




^ 


c 


c 






> 






E 






o 




< 


S 


(1, 




fe 


QJ 


c 


■5 


C 


S 


c 


K 


^ 


c 
IS 


K 


2 










■^ 


v^ 


c 


E 


X 


■^ 




>> 




« 






^ 


K 


L- 


c 


Ul 


^ 


c 




1^ 


^ 


. 


M 






c 






:? 






T- 


j:; 


'S 






-^ 


j: 




X 


:3 


'5 






, 


I 












Z 


C 


c 






5 


•— 




X 


^ 


^ 




^— ' 


c 


E 






o 


■^ 




<! 


_C 


cs 






-^ 








•a 
c 


E 

o 





^ E 






-a 



3 
so 



not so stable as the earlier Cochise stages. New ideas — i.e. pottery 
and houses — had drifted into the ken of the SU people, and had 
upset certain phases of their life. 

The stone industry had a long tradition back of it with roots 
going back into the earliest Cochise stages. Pottery was probably 
a comparatively new trait and had not been with the SU people 
long enough to permit a favorite type to develop. Although there 
were three types, a choice among them had not become crystallized. 

House-building may have been a fairly new development to 
the SU people. Certainly they had not built houses long enough 
to have developed any "art form." That is, the houses had not 
become standardized in any way as to shape, depth, entry-waj'', 
roof, construction, size, location and depths of pits. Each house 
differed from the next one. No crystallized house-tj^ie, like that 
of the early Anasazi sites, was found. 

Nothing is known about the ritual life of the SU people. The 
Pine Lawn Phase, as represented at the SU Site, probably stands 
near the beginning of the Mogollon culture, which is probably a 
separate entity, and not likely a peripheral variant of other south- 
western cultures. 

Dr. Martin, Mr. George Quimby, Jr., Assistant Curator of 
North American Archaeology^ and Mr. Donald Collier, Curator 
of South American Ethnology and Ai'chaeolog}', have been working 
on a revision of the handbook Archaeology of North America. This 
revision is badly needed in \iew of the great amount of new data 
accumulated since the handbook was published in 1933. 

Dr. Wilfrid D. Hambly, Curator of African Ethnolog^^ has 
continued his research in craniometr3^ Field Museum has a large 
representative collection of about 450 skulls of the adult inhabitants 
of various IMelanesian islands. The first publication, in 1940, dealt 
with a collection of 200 skulls from New Guinea. During 1942 a 
report dealing with the skulls from the Island of Ambrym was com- 
pleted, apparently the first publication on cranial material from this 
island. Research was continued on a collection of thirty male and 
fifteen female skulls from the Island of Malekula, an island also 
relatively little knowm as concerns cranial deformation. 

General observation of morphological characters has for a long 
time shown that in the geographical area known as Melanesia there 
exist three physical t}T3es — the Negroid, Australoid, and Polynesian 
— with various degrees of intermixture. The only way to give 
definite quantitative values to the somatic differences is to record 
numerous cranial measurements on the longest series available, 

-45- 



and to test the significance of these differences by statistical methods. 
Wlien compared in this way, crania from New Guinea reveal their 
resemblance to Nej^ro skulls from Africa. In other words, the 
New Guineans studied are Negroid Melanesians. When the skulls 
from Ambrym are compared anthropometrically with skulls of 
Australian natives, they show definite Australoid characteristics, 
especially in the development of a heavy brow ridge, which is lack- 
ing in tiie skulls of African Negroes and in those of New Guinean 
I\Ielanesians. Comparative material from other sources indicates 
that skulls from the Loyalty Islands (Melanesia) have a height, 
breadth, and cranial capacity compatible with those traits in Poly- 
nesian crania. The publication of a comprehensive work on Melane- 
sian skulls will be possible when the research on the Field Museum 
collection has been completed. 

During the past year Dr. A. A. Dahlberg, Research Associate in 
Paleontology, Department of Geology, assisted by Mrs. Dahlberg, 
has conducted studies on human dentition, thus far confined prin- 
cipally to the Museum's very excellent Melanesian skeletal material. 
The studies, morphological and biometric, follow three courses: 

(1) A study of the arrangement and relations of the cttsps on the 
chewing surfaces of the molars. This relationship of cusps refers 
back to the five main cusps and the "Y" pattern they form in the 
molars of the fossil ape, Dryopithecus. The dryopithecoid pattern, 
as Dr. William K. Gregory of the American Museum of Natural 
History names it, is found on the first molars of about 85 per 
cent of Whites, and is present in 92 per cent of the Melanesian 
Negroes of Field Museum's collection. In Dryopithecus, living 
anthropoids, and in many of the jaws of early man, this five- 
cusped "Y" pattern exists in the first, second, and third molars. 

In modern man, evolutionary processes have operated to reduce 
the cusp number to four instead of five in most of the second and 
third molars, and to vary the "Y" pattern to a "+" pattern even 
where five cusps are retained, as is true in 64 per cent of Melanesian 
specimens studied. In the White race only about 35 per cent of the 
third molars retain the five cusps. From charts showing the per- 
centage distributions of the various cusp patterns in all the teeth, 
it has been concluded that the Melanesian dentition is more primi- 
tive than that of other modern races. 

Studies of the patterns of the upper teeth were also made, result- 
ing in a similar conclusion. It should be remembered, however, 
that primitiveness of dentition is not necessarily correlated with 
primitiveness or progressiveness of other traits or characters. 

-46- 



(2) Statistical studies and calculations of the measurements of 
the individual teeth. Measurements were made and recorded on 
more than 8,000 teeth in Melanesian and Polynesian skulls for the 
purpose of comparing island and racial groupings mathematically. 
The lower first molar was found to be the least variable both in size 
and form in the entire dentition, and the upper third molar is the 
most variable. The Melanesian lower first molar has a high index, 
as is true of the human race generally today, higher than that of 
Neanderthal, Piltdown, and other early men. A higher crown 
index refers to shorter teeth, i.e., shortened length as compared 
to breadth. The shortened teeth as we see them in the present day 
jaws are in conformity with the shortening of the jaws in the evolu- 
tion of man. 

(3) Study of anomalies of the human teeth, such as extra teeth, 
extra cusps, malformations, and teeth that are absent congenitally. 
One lower jaw found in the Museum's Melanesian collection has a 
particular extra cusp located on both the permanent lower first 
molars. This cusp is of special significance in that it upsets the 
theories relating to the status of the first permanent molar in the 
human dentition as expounded by the late Professor Bolk of Amster- 
dam. Although his theories on dentition were based on the very 
questionable practice of designating certain occasionally present 
supernumerary or extra teeth and extra cusps as reversions fitting 
into his conception of the ancestral pattern of dentition, his eminence 
as an anatomist, and the fact that he had examined 20,000 first 
molars without finding this anomaly makes ours an important 
record. Bolk's theories on these points are no longer plausible 
because they revolve about his contention that the first permanent 
molar is really the third milk molar, to which it was impossible to 
add what he and de Terra before him called the "paramolar cusp or 
tubercle." 

The data compiled during the past year are still being worked 
over, and it is hoped that the dentitions of all the races represented 
in the Museum's large skeletal collection may be included in the 
projected study. 

Mr. Donald Collier, Curator of South American Archaeology 
and Ethnology, headed an archaeological expedition to Ecuador 
during the period from September, 1941, to February, 1942. The 
expedition was one of ten anthropological research projects in Latin 
America sent out by the Institute of Andean Research, under the 
sponsorship of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs. Mr. 
Collier was accompanied by Mr. John V. Murra, of the University 

-47- 



of Chicago. Senor Anibal Buitron Chaves, of Quito, served as 
field assistant. 

The expedition carried out an archaeological reconnaissance in 
the little-known highland provinces of southern Ecuador. The 
survey extended from Riobamba, in central Ecuador, southward to 
Loja, a distance of approximately 180 miles, and covered territory 
ranging in altitude from 2,500 to 14,000 feet. The expedition 
traveled by plane, by automobile, on mule back, and afoot. 

On the basis of the information gained by the survey, the Canar 
Valley was chosen as the most fruitful place to excavate. Intensive 
digging was carried out at Cerro Narrio, a large hill containing 
burials, remnants of houses, and large refuse deposits left by the 
prehistoric Indian inhabitants. Other smaller sites in the valley 
were also investigated. 

The work at Caiiar established a stratigraphic cultural sequence 
for the valley which makes it possible to reconstruct the local 
history. Between A.D. 1000 and 1200 the Canari Indians settled 
in the valley. They were an agricultural people w^ho made very 
fine pottery and lived in houses constructed of upright poles and 
mud, roofed with grass thatch. During the early years of their 
occupation of the valley, they apparently made little use of metal, 
but later they made copper axes and elaborate gold ornaments. 
About A.D. 1400 the Caflaris were strongly influenced by the Puruha 
Indians, who lived in the mountains to the north, and about fifty 
years later the Caiiaris were conquered by the Incas, who succeeded 
in adding most of Ecuador to their empire. 

While in the field, the expedition collected a large number of 
potsherds, pottery vessels, and tools and ornaments of bone, stone, 
shell, and metal. Through the courtesy and co-operation of the 
National Academy of History in Quito and the Ecuadorean govern- 
ment, it was possible to bring this collection to Field Museum. It 
is an important addition to the Museum's materials from Ecuador. 

Mr. Collier and Mr. Murra have prepared a report on the results 
of their work in Ecuador, to be published by Field Museum. The 
Institute of Andean Research has generously contributed to the 
cost of this publication. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Anthropology . . , 

The preparation of Section 1 of Hall B (New World Archaeology), 
begun in 1941, has required constant research on the part of Dr. 
Martin, Dr. Alexander Spoehr, Curator of North American Eth- 

-48- 



nology, Mrs. Spoehr, Artist, and Curators Collier and Quimby. 
Exhibits for this hall completed during 1942 are: Pottery, Metals, 
Where Early Writers Traveled, Foods, Indian Houses and Temples, 
Indian Writing, Decorative Arts, and the Cliff House Diorama. 
This section of the hall was nearly ready to be opened to the public 
at the end of the year. 

In order to reinstall a number of cases of Roman and Greek 
specimens in Edward E. and Emma B. Ayer Hall (Hall 2), Mr. 
Richard A. Martin, Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology, carried 
on considerable research. This work enabled him to put more 
explicit labels on these exhibits and thus greatly enhance their 
value. Reinstalled were eleven cases of silver, bronze, glassware, 
and pottery. Each has been furnished with interior fluorescent 
lighting which improves the visibility and beauty of the exhibits. 

Dr. C. Martin Wilbur, Curator of Chinese Archaeology and 
Ethnology, conducted research on Chinese prehistory in connection 
with the reinstallation of the Old and New Stone Age exhibits in 
the Hall of Chinese Archaeology (George T. and Frances Gaylord 
Smith Hall, Hall 24). He also prepared an exhibit of Chinese ivory 
carvings and snuff bottles in Stanley Field Hall. The use of a soft, 
green background proved effective as a foil for all shades of the ivories 
and the bright, jewel-like snuff bottles. 



Department of Botany 

Expeditions and Research . . . 

Preparations for a joint Field Museum-Venezuelan Govern- 
ment Botanical Expedition to the upper Orinoco were announced 
in 1941, and the beginning of 1942 saw Mr. Llewelyn Williams, 
Curator of Economic Botany, on his way, with equipment, overland 
from Caracas to Ciudad Bolivar where the first stage of his Orinoco 
River trip was begun. The limit of steamer navigation, Puerto 
Ayacucho, was reached January 17. At this place river trans- 
portation is interrupted by cataracts and is resumed only forty 
miles to the south, at Sanariapo, reached by road along the right 
bank of the river. Above this point the Orinoco is navigable only 
by shallow water craft and Mr. Williams with his small party of 
aids traveled by launch and large dugout canoe southwards to San 
Fernando, then by the Rio Atabapo and its branch, the Temi, to 
Yavita, where a narrow strip of land separates the basin of the 

-49- 



Orinoco from that of the Rio Guainia, an affluent of the Brazilian 
Rio Xegj'o. The traverse of ten miles between Yavita and Pimichin, 
the nearest point on the Guainia, is made by a road maintained in 
passable condition for more than a century by the two villages 
whose inhabitants furnish porters for the small amount of traffic 
passing in both directions. The journey was continued southwards 
on the Guainia and Rio Xegro to the Brazilian boundary, marked 
by the well-known and conspicuous rocks of Cucuy. The return 
trip to Puerto Ayacucho was made by the same route reversed. 
Collections were made during numerous stops and were transported 
to Puerto Ayacucho on the way back. 

After attention to the material gathered, and provision for its 
storage or forwarding, Mr. Williams proceeded southward a second 
time from Ayacucho to San Fernando de Atabapo, but from this 
point followed the Rio Orinoco eastward and southward past the 
junction with the Casiquiare to Esmeralda, whence is \isible the 
peak of Mount Duida, the isolated, botanically famous mountain 
of Venezuelan Guiana. On the return trip excursions were made to 
the lower Casiquiare, the Ventuari, and later on Rio Sipapo. 

Inasmuch as the route of the expedition followed and over- 
lapped in many places that of famous botanical travelers whose 
work a century ago and whose collections, now in Europe, still form 
the basis of our knowledge of the flora of the region, the material 
obtained by Mr. Williams will be of particular interest to American 
herbaria. Parts of the collections are now on the way to the Mu- 
seum, and the remainder has been divided into parcels for forward- 
ing as opportunities may offer for relatively safe transportation, or 
for storage in Caracas until re-establishment of normal conditions. 

The Museum's Fourth Botanical Expedition to Guatemala, to 
obtain additional and final material for a descriptive account of 
the vegetation of that country, now well advanced, was in the field 
almost a year. It was led by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark, Assistant 
Curator of the Herbarium, who was accompanied by Mr. Albert 
Vatter, Jr., of Glenview, Illinois, volunteer assistant and photog- 
rapher. The party sailed from New Orleans December 3, 1941, 
arriving at Puerto Barrios December 7, and returned by railroad 
across Mexico, reaching Laredo, Texas, November 9, 1942. The 
field work resulted in a collection of 30,000 herbarium specimens of 
11,000 numbered collections, more than 100 wood specimens, and 
about 1,000 photographs. 

The expedition was highly successful in reaching regions pre- 
viously almost or quite unknown to botanists. There were collected 

-50- 






0) 






^ 


- — ^ 




u 


C5 




(U 


(N 




3 






« 


"S 




rh 


K 




^-^ 




< 


t. 


— 


Q 

1—1 


3 

+3 




P5 

O 


k. 

< 


c 

o 


J 


■4^ 


fe 


'-(-» 


a; 


. 


< 


tf 


< 


iti 


't- 


o 






w 


>. 




> 


^ 


13 

c 




M 


ca 


J 


£ 






'+3 


< 




*rt 


_c 




a 


'■*^ 



scores of plants unrecorded from Guatemala, including many species 
undoubtedly new to science. 

The first weeks were given to exploration of Cerro San Gil, 
loftiest mountain near the Atlantic coast of Guatemala, with a 
height of 4,000 feet, clothed throughout with virgin rain forest, 
except for a patch of cloud forest on the craggy summit. 

A month and a half were devoted to work in the upper portions 
of the Sierra de las Minas in northeastern Guatemala, whose sum- 
mits, at 9,000 to 10,000 feet, are covered with beautiful cloud forest, 
having a rich and diversified flora. The period from February to the 
end of March was spent in the northern half of the Department of 
Alta Verapaz, a limestone region with much virgin forest. This 
limestone area is particularly rich in palms, begonias, and orchids. 

The latter part of March and early April were spent in gathering 
plants in the region of southern Pet^n north of Cerro Chinaja, in 
which no botanical collections had been made previously. Cerro 
Chinaja, where collecting was carried on at an elevation of 2,000 
feet, is the last high land before dropping down to the relatively 
level plains of Pet^n. To its south in Alta Verapaz is an enclosed 
savanna which yielded many grassland plants unknown otherwise 
south of central Pet^n. 

A dugout canoe was used to explore this part of Pet^n, and a 
month was spent along the rivers Cancu^n and Pasion, and their 
tributaries. The expedition penetrated northward to the village 
of Sayaxch^ in central Pet^n. The flora was disappointing as to 
number of species, although not unexpectedly so, in view of the 
meager flora reported heretofore from central and northern Pet^n. 

Extensive collections of plants were made on the several high 
volcanoes about Lake Atitlan, heretofore almost unknown botani- 
cally. The southern slopes, now largely devoted to production of 
coffee, and to some extent to cinchona plantations, are naturally 
rich, as are other sections of the Pacific foothills. 

The last two months of field work were applied to intensive 
exploration of the Department of Huehuetenango, a non-volcanic 
region in northwestern Guatemala, few parts of which had been 
seen by any botanist. Here about 1,000 miles were covered, chiefly 
on foot over mountain trails. The department consists in large 
part of the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, a high plateau of wide 
extent, with an elevation of 10,000 to 11,000 feet, where wide areas 
are covered with truly alpine plants, in appearance not unlike 
similar areas of the Rockies in the United States. 

-51- 



This whole area afforded many additions to the previous list of 
Guatemalan plants, with numerous Mexican genera and species 
otherwise unknown in Central America. One of the least expected 
was the \'irpinia creeper. The lower slopes of the Huehuetenango 
mountains possess a rich orchid flora. In places there were thousands 
of blooming plants of the yellow Mexican lady's-slipper (Cypri- 
pedium irapeanum), previously believed to be rare and local in 
Guatemala. 

The work of the expedition was highly successful and fortunate 
in every respect. Much of its success was the result of generous 
co-operation on the part of Guatemalan officials, who contributed 
wholeheartedly and often in the most material ways to its execution. 
This assistance was due in very large part to the cordial interest of 
Don Mariano Pacheco Herrarte, Director General de Agricultura, 
the kind friend and advisor of all botanists who visit Guatemala. 

The four botanical expeditions that Field Museum has dis- 
patched to Guatemala, from 1938 to 1942, have reached almost all 
parts of the country, and have undoubtedly collected the vast 
majority of the very numerous species of plants existing in the 
country. These, with earlier collections made by other botanists, 
afford a more complete representation of the flora than has been 
gathered for any other region of Central America. Nevertheless, 
further botanical work in Guatemala will doubtless reveal additional 
plants. 

Early in the year Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chief Curator of Botany, 
made a brief excursion to Cuba which resulted in some desirable 
additions to the palm herbarium and the economic collections. 

Publications of the Department issued during the year by Field 
Museum Press are listed on page 39. In addition to these, Mr. 
Paul C. Standley, Curator of the Herbarium, published in various 
serials several brief notes and descriptions of new plants from tropical 
America; and Assistant Curator Steyermark published a number of 
short papers dealing with plants of the United States. 

Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, 
completed the manuscript for his account of the Leguminosae for 
the Flora of Peru. Much of the time of Curator Standley was 
devoted to work on a Flora of Guatemala. Manuscript for the second 
part of the hidex of American Palms (Botanical Series, Volume XIV, 
No. 2) was prepared by Chief Curator Dahlgren. 

Identification of specimens of algae coming from workers in 
various parts of North and South America, and those resulting from 
expeditions by members of the staff of Field Museum, was continued 

-52- 



in 1942. The specimens in the myxophj^cean collection of the late 
Professor N. L. Gardner of the University of California were put 
in order, determined, and prepared for filing in the Herbarium of 
the University of California and in the Cryptogamic Herbarium 
here. Dr. Drouet continued general studies in the genus Schizo- 
thrix, the families Chroococcaceae and Chamaesiphonaceae. and the 
myxophycean flora of western Nevada and eastern California. 
Mr. Donald Richards, volunteer assistant, pursued his studies in 
the collection of bryophytes throughout the year. Mr. J. C. Strick- 
land, here on a fellowship from the University of Virginia, began 
in September a \isit of six months to complete his studies of the 
myxophycean flora of Virginia. 

Throughout the year the collections of the Department were 
consulted by visiting botanists from the Chicago region and from 
distant parts of the United States, as well as from South America. 
Many plants were submitted for determination, some of them having 
economic importance and a direct connection with the prosecution 
of the war. The visitors included a large number of persons who 
were seeking new sources for plant raw materials to enlarge current 
supplies or to replace others available only by importation. For 
residents of the Chicago region many local plants were named, and 
hundreds of inquiries regarding diverse aspects of botanical science 
were answered by interview, telephone, and correspondence. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Botany . . . 

Few changes or additions were made among the botanical 
exhibits, but with the installation of a trunk and boards of western 
alder, one of the few missing items was added to the display of prin- 
cipal American forest trees in Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (Hall 26). 
New material acquired in Cuba made possible some improvements 
in the palm exhibits in the same hall. A reproduction of a branch 
of the cork oak of Algiers and Spain was added to the remarkable 
cork specimen in the center of the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27), 
where some other minor additions and changes were made. Botani- 
cal exhibits require ^^gilant care; replacements and new labels were 
provided as needed. 

Work on the series of murals on the west wall of Martin A. and 
Carrie Ryerson Hall (Hall 29), begun years ago by the late Staff 
Artist Charles A. Corwin, has been taken up anew by his successor, 
Mr. Arthur G. Rueckert. As a result, a painting of a live oak tree 
was added to this barely half finished series depicting characteristic 
and notable tree forms. 

-53- 



The construction of exhibition cases for three additional habitat 
groups at the south end of Hall 29 was completed. This will permit 
the installation of material already prepared for one, and well 
under way for a second exhibit. Several smaller botanical exhibits 
are also under way and much planning and preliminary work has 
been done on others. 

During 1942 the Department of Botany received 257 accessions, 
composed of about 62,307 items, including material for the wood 
and economic collections and for the exhibits and herbaria. Of 
these, 16,387 were received as gifts, 14,902 as exchanges, 813 as 
purchases, and 30,205 were collected by Museum expeditions. 

The total of numbered specimens in the herbaria at the end of 
1942 was 1,109,513. About 21,000 sheets of specimens and photo- 
graphs were added to the herbaria during the year, besides several 
hundred printed or typewritten descriptions of new species of 
plants. Of the total receipts, specimens for the herbaria amounted 
to 62,137, consisting of plant specimens and photographs. 

The largest gift of the year to the phanerogamic herbarium 
consisted of 3,036 specimens from the vicinity of Chicago, presented 
by Professor G. Eifrig, of River Forest, Illinois, and constituting a 
valuable addition to the Illinois Herbarium. Another large and 
important gift included 1,027 specimens of Guatemalan plants, 
presented by Jos^ Ignacio Aguilar G., of Finca Nacional La Aurora, 
Guatemala. 

Largest of the exchanges of flowering plants were 2,303 specimens 
from the Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. From 
the Escuela Superior de Agricultura Tropical, CaH, Colombia, there 
were received 475 specimens of Colombian plants, largely material 
of species recently published. The United States National Her- 
barium, Washington, D.C., forwarded 739 specimens of Central 
and South American plants, and the University of Washington 578 
specimens, chiefly from Washington. 

Large amounts of cr\T)togamic material accrued from Field 
Museum expeditions. About 18,000 specimens of cryptogams 
were received from other institutions and individuals. About 8,000 
came in exchange and the remainder were gifts, the four largest of 
which are 2,528 fungi from the Department of Botany, University 
of Chicago; 1,173 cr>T3togams of Colorado and Nebraska from Dr. 
Walter Kiener, of Lincoln, Nebraska; 1,570 miscellaneous crypto- 
gams from Mr. Donald Richards, of Chicago; and 941 myxophyceae 
from the herbarium of the late Nathaniel Lyon Gardner from the 
University of California at Berkeley. 

-54- 



Other gifts from many donors are recorded in the List of Acces- 
sions (p. 71). 

More than 13,000 new specimens were mounted on sheets and 
distributed in the Cryptogamic Herbarium during 1942. The 
renovation of the packaging of the lichen collection was completed, 
and similar work was begun on the collection of fungi. Considerable 
attention was given to the preparation of duplicate specimens for 
exchange, of which 8,952 were sent to other herbaria during the 
year. For the folding of the large number of packets involved, the 
services of Mrs. Catharine M. Richards, of Chicago, are gratefully 
acknowledged. 

From wood collections acquired by expeditions, purchases, and 
exchange, thousands of hand specimens were cut for the wood 
reference collection and for duplicates. The entire stock of hand 
samples of woods and duplicates for exchange has been thoroughly 
subjected to heat treatment to stop and prevent threatened damage 
from wood boring insects. 

During the past year about 10,000 prints from the negatives 
of type specimens obtained in European herbaria by Associate 
Curator Macbride were supplied at cost or in exchange for similar 
photographs or t}T)e specimens to botanists in North and South 
America. Requests on hand for such prints amount to almost 50,000. 



Department of Geology 

Expeditions and Research . . . 

An expedition led by Dr. Paul 0. McGrew, Assistant Curator 
of Paleontology, left for Honduras in November, 1941, and continued 
operations until April, 1942. Its aim was to obtain information 
bearing on the problem of the date of reconnection of North and 
South America at the Isthmus of Panama. The isthmus is, geo- 
logically speaking, a rather recent addition to the earth's surface. 
During almost the whole of the Age of Mammals, some sixty mil- 
lion years, the waters of the Caribbean and the Pacific were in free 
communication, effectively separating the two Americas. The 
faunas of the two continents evolved in entirely different directions 
during this time, the South American animals coming to be un- 
like any that lived elsewhere. Elevation of the isthmus led to a 
great faunal exchange whereby South America received horses, deer, 
llamas, mastodonts, carnivores and various kinds of rodents, and 

-55- 



North America was invaded by such creatures as giant ground 
sloths, glyptodonts, armadillos and porcupines. Accurate dating 
of the appearance of the isthmus is a matter of great scientific 
importance, and Field Museum, which possesses extensive col- 
lections of both Xorth and South American fossil mammals, is 
especially interested in it. 

Work was carried on by the expedition for some three months 
in early Pliocene deposits in the Department of Gracias, where a 
good collection of fossil mammals was obtained. Previous to join- 
ing the staff. Dr. McGrew had worked in this region under the 
auspices of the Geological Society of America and the University 
of Chicago. On neither occasion was any trace of a southern mam- 
mal discovered in these beds, the finds consisting of northern t>T3es 
such as three-toed horses, rhinoceroses, camels and mastodonts. 
It may safely be assumed, therefore, that the isthmus was not 
in existence until a somewhat later date, probably toward the end 
of mid-Pliocene time, some three or four million years ago. This 
confirms inferences based on the South American fossil record. 

In addition to the work in the Pliocene formation, quarr>4ng 
operations were carried on in a deposit laid down in the latter part 
of the succeeding Pleistocene epoch. By this time dispersal of 
animals via the Panamanian land bridge was in full swing, and the 
excellently preserved material collected includes both northern and 
southern t>TDes. The outstanding specimen is an essentially com- 
plete skeleton of the giant ground sloth, Megatherium. This is a 
most welcome addition to the study collections, our only other skele- 
ton of the animal being on exhibition. An interesting record was 
provided by specimens of toxodonts, large hoofed mammals of South 
American origin, which had not hitherto been reported this far 
north. Dr. McGrew was assisted by Mr. Albert A. Potter, of 
Chadron, Nebraska, and Senor Eliseo Carabantes, of Gracias, 
Honduras. A summary account of the expedition by Dr. McGrew 
has been published in Science. 

Another expedition worked in Utah. For thirty odd years the 
hall of paleontology (Ernest R. Graham Hall— Hall 38) has con- 
tained a gigantic headless skeletal specimen which includes the 
trunk, hind quarters, and tail of the huge sauropod dinosaur Apato- 
saurus. For an equal length of time there has been a strong desire to 
complete the exhibit, but attempts to do so, made at various times 
in the past, for one reason or another have failed. In 1941, Mr. 
Edward L. Holt, of Grand Junction, Colorado, informed the Museum 
that he had located a prospect in Utah that might serve the purpose, 

-56- 



and this was examined by Field Museum's 1941 expedition, which 
rendered a favorable report. Arrangements with Mr. Holt having 
been made, Mr. James H. Quinn, Chief Preparator, and Mr. Orville 
Gilpin made a short trip in 1942 for the purpose of collecting the 
specimen. It consisted of the neck, trunk and a good part of the 
fore and hind legs which will admirably supplement the partial 
skeleton on exhibition. The party also investigated an immense 
deposit of dinosaur bones in the same general region, and obtained 
a small number of specimens from old collecting localities in Colorado 
and Nebraska. 

Investigations on several research fronts were pushed forward 
during the year: 

The anatomical work carried on in the Division of Anatomy, of 
the Department of Zoology, on the giant panda and other modern 
carnivores has thrown some doubt on generally accepted ideas of 
classification and relationships in the so-called arctoid group — the 
dogs, bears, pandas, and raccoons, and the weasels and their allies. 
It has usually been supposed, for example, that the dogs more or 
less represented the stem stock from which the others diverged. 
The anatomical studies that have been made thus far suggest, on 
the contrary, that the dogs are a rather isolated group of the arctoid 
carnivores. 

To the breadth of view that is possible from thorough study of 
living forms it is desirable whenever possible to bring the depth 
that is paleontology's great contribution to biology. Certain work 
done in the Division of Paleontology during the year will contribute 
to the extensive program being carried out in the Division of Anat- 
omy. Mr. Elmer S. Riggs, Curator of Paleontology, prepared a 
paper on early Miocene arctoids, and a portion of this, describing 
two new forms, was published in the Geological Series. One of the 
two novelties is a most interesting form that combined a dentition 
of weasel type with an ear region typical of the raccoons. Curator 
Bryan Patterson began investigation of the ear structure of repre- 
sentative early arctoids; preliminary studies indicate that the dogs 
have had a characteristic pattern since the time of their earliest 
appearance in the geologic record, a finding in agreement with the 
results obtained from the anatomical studies of the Department of 
Zoology. 

Progress in working out a chronology of the deposits laid down 
during the Pleistocene or Ice Age in those parts of North America 
that were not covered by ice has been slow, particularly in the interior 
of the continent. Within the last decade, however, notable advances 

-57- 



have been made in our knowledge of vertebrate faunas and stratig- 
raphy of the early part of the epoch, especially by field parties from 
the University of Nebraska. On their way to and from Colorado, 
the several Field Museum Paleontological Expeditions to that state 
have since 1933 obtained material from an early Pleistocene deposit 
in north-central Nebraska. In the course of time a fair collection of 
fossil vertebrates has been assembled, the chief importance of which 
lies in its association with an assemblage of fresh-water mollusks. 
These have been determined by the late Frank C. Baker, of the 
University of Illinois, as being characteristic of the first interglacial 
stage — the Aftonian. The fossil mammals appear to be of the same 
age as those collected by the University of Nebraska, and the shells 
pro\'ide the evidence necessary to tie both faunas into the sequence 
that has been worked out in the glaciated areas. 

Dr. McGrew has been working on this collection since his return 
from Honduras. It almost always happens that upon taking up such 
work the investigator finds that he has to solve one or more related 
problems before he can complete his original task. This under- 
taking was no exception. Remains of horses form a large part of 
the collection, and in order to determine them satisfactorily Dr. 
McGrew was led into a detailed examination of the late Pliocene, 
Pleistocene, and Recent representatives of the family. An interest- 
ing result of his study is the recognition that zebras roamed the 
plains of North America in early Pleistocene time. 

The South American Tertiary fossil record is a well-documented 
one and is well represented in Field Museum, thanks to the excel- 
lent collections brought together by the Marshall Field Expedi- 
tions of 1922-1927. This record is unbalanced, however, in that 
nearly all the material comes from the southern half of the continent, 
the great bulk of it from Argentina. Tertiary mammals from this 
country are numbered by thousands whereas those from northern 
South America are numbered only by tens. Because of their rarity, 
these few northern specimens are of surpassing interest. They 
form priceless records of the former distribution of mammals within 
the southern continent, indicating that it was in existence as a unit 
throughout most, if not all, of the Age of Mammals, and are invalu- 
able aids in the correlation of northern rock units with the standard 
sequence worked out in Argentina. Two of these northern mammals 
were described by Curator Patterson in a paper published during the 
year in the Novitates of the American Museum of Natural History. 
One of them was found at the base of a rock series involved in the 
uplift of the Cordillera Oriental, the eastern portion of the great 

-58- 



o 
o. 

Pi 




0) 



0) 
J3 



O 
O 

o 

z 

o 

H 



hH ^ 



bo 

c 



1-1 

CM 






3 
a> 

3 



o 

"a 
E 



o 



■a 
c 



Andean chain. Its age and position in the series suggest that the 
elevation probably began toward the end of mid-Pliocene time, and 
was therefore essentially contemporaneous and possibly connected 
with the emergence of the Panamanian isthmus. 

Other work carried out by Mr. Patterson on South American 
vertebrates included studies of the relationships of certain hoofed 
mammals of Oligocene age, and a discussion of certain fossil croco- 
diles, which was submitted for publication to Copeia, the journal 
of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. 

An increasing number of zoologists are extending their studies 
to include the extinct ancestors and collateral relatives of the living 
forms on which they specialize. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Chief Curator 
of Zoology, is among this company. For the past several years he 
has studied the extinct representatives of the living orders of reptiles, 
particularly the crocodiles and turtles. During the year he com- 
pleted a paper on some marine Cretaceous turtles from Arkansas 
which will clarify the relationships of several hitherto poorly known 
forms. These and other Arkansas specimens acquired by the 
Museum in the past were collected by Mr. C. M. Barber of Hot 
Springs, formerly a member of the Zoology Staff. Rock exposures 
are few and specimens scarce in this region, but Mr. Barber, by 
patient and persistent search, has been remarkably successful in 
a field where Museum expeditions could not profitably operate. 

The Staff of the Division of Paleontology was strengthened by 
the addition during the year of Dr. Albert A. Dahlberg as Research 
Associate. Dr. Dahlberg is concluding some work in Physical 
Anthropology, a summary of which appears in another section of 
this Report, and plans to conduct investigations on the micro- 
structure of the enamel in various mammals. This is a most fruitful 
field in which the facts obtained have an important bearing on the 
relationships of major groups. Dr. Dahlberg's work in it will be 
followed with great interest. 

Installations and Rearrangements — Geology . . . 

During the past few years there has been a great deal of activity 
in expanding exhibits and reinstalling older ones. As recounted in 
previous Reports, Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) has been changed 
from a hall of general paleontology to a hall of fossil vertebrates. 
This affords an excellent opportunity to display the evolution of 
the various vertebrate groups in a comprehensive manner. Up to 
the present the efforts have largely been directed toward developing 

-59- 



a satisfactory technique for the treatment of individual cases. This 
has been achieved by the elimination of shelving, by the use of cut- 
out letters for captions, by the inclusion of restoration paintings, 
and by a reduction in the number of specimens exhibited. Three 
cases of this type were installed during the year: a skeleton of a 
short-legged, hornless rhinoceros; a series of skulls of titanotheres, 
and rep. sentative specimens of the Oligocene mammalian fauna of 
the Great Plains region. In addition, a number of previously 
installed cases received minor alteration, such as the addition of 
captions and paintings, to bring them into conformity with the new 
ones. 

The problem of the individual case having been satisfactorily 
solved, there remains the much more difficult task of arranging the 
various cases and of selecting the materials to be exhibited in them 
so as to present the history of the vertebrate animals in a logical, 
connected manner. A plan for the eventual arrangement of the 
hall was drawn up which will co-ordinate our future work as well 
as that which has been done thus far. While preparing this plan 
it became apparent that mere presentation of the evidence of past 
life, however attractively it may be displayed, is not sufficient. It 
is necessary to provide also a background for the appreciation of this 
evidence — in other words, it is essential to show what fossils are, 
what they reveal, and how they are interpreted. A series of these 
explanatory cases has been planned for the hall, and the first of 
them, showing the way in which a representative fossil vertebrate 
is preserved, found, and collected, was placed on exhibition in 
December. 

Reinstallation of the industrial minerals in Hall 36 continued 
normally until the middle of August. At that time the departure 
of Dr. Sharat K. Roy, Curator of Geology, to accept a commission 
as a Captain in the Army, followed by the enlistment of Prepara- 
tor Henry Horback, so depleted the Department Staff that there 
remained, aside from the vertebrate paleontologists, only the Chief 
Curator, the Department secretary, and one preparator (Assistant 
Curator Bryant Mather had entered government service the pre- 
ceding year). However, the work was so far advanced that the Chief 
Curator and the remaining preparator were able to complete it 
before the close of the year. The collection now fills half the hall, 
instead of the whole, as formerly. This reduction is needed to 
provide space for an adequate display of the invertebrate fossils 
which have been transferred from Hall 38 to Frederick J. V. Skiff 
Hall (Hall 37). It was found that the old exhibit, which followed 

-60- 



plans formulated in 1894, contained such a wealth of detail that 
it confused the ordinary visitor and involved overcrowding the 
exhibit. It has been replaced by an exhibit which contains fewer 
specimens and which, by the omission of much confusing detail, 
illustrates simply and plainly the general features and modes of 
occurrence of the industrial minerals. By use of the improved 
methods of display adopted for the vertebrate fossils the exhibit 
has been made more attractive and interesting. As the new instal- 
lation differs radically from the old, much time-consuming and 
tedious reconditioning of the specimens was necessary, but the 
improvement in the appearance of the collection and the increased 
interest shown by the public is all that was hoped for, and amply 
justifies the time spent on it. 

One case illustrating strategic and critical minerals and their 
sources was installed in Stanley Field Hall. Transfer of the study 
and reserve collections from temporary to permanent storage by 
Preparator Horback continued until he was called into the Army 
in September. During the transfer, all specimens were checked 
against Department records for errors in labeling, doubtful speci- 
mens were reidentified, and cards for the classified catalogue 
were typed. 

Department of Zoology 

Expeditions and Research . . . 

One zoological expedition was still in the field when the United 
States entered the war. This was conducted by Mr. Colin C. 
Sanborn, Curator of Mammals, who had been working in southern 
Peru since July, 1941. He was able to carry out his original plan 
of visiting important localities in the highlands west of Lake Titicaca, 
of crossing to the eastern side of the Andes and descending to Santo 
Domingo on the upper drainage of the Rio Madre de Dios, and of 
making brief stops on the coast near Arequipa and near Lima. He 
returned to the United States by air in April, 1942, leaving part of 
his collections stored in Lima. Later these were successfully shipped 
through the submarine zone and reached the Museum in good order. 
Totaling some 1,800 specimens and including mammals, birds, 
reptiles and fishes, these are awaiting classification and study. 

The Department of Zoology also received small collections of 
mammals, birds, and reptiles from the Museum's paleontological 
expedition to Honduras, and the botanical expedition to Guatemala. 

-61- 



Mr. Jos^ Steinbach, of Cochabamba, Bolivia, who was com- 
missioned by the Museum to make a brief trip to Mount Sajama, 
Bolivia, carried it out successfully, and his specimens of mammals 
and birds, numbering several hundred, although delayed in transit, 
were finally received in good condition. 

Research has continued mainly along lines pre\'iously laid 
down. Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator Emeritus, has proceeded 
with studies of South American mammals and has completed a 
work on the mammals of Chile for publication in the near future. 
Mr. Clifford H. Pope, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, has 
been engaged in the preparation of a handbook of local herpetology, 
and is also co-operating with the Illinois State Natural History 
Survey in studies preparatory to the production of a popular guide 
to the reptiles and amphibians of Illinois. 

Mr. D. Dwight Davis, Curator of Anatomy and Osteology, 
devoted his time to study of the morphology of the arctoid (bear- 
like) carnivores in connection with the special monograph which 
he is preparing on the giant panda. An important paper on the 
carotid circulation in the domestic cat was finished for publication 
and has gone to press. Other anatomical studies have been made 
by Miss H. Elizabeth Story, of the Staff, and by Dr. Harry Sicher 
and Dr. Walter Segall, volunteer assistants. Mr. Emmet R. Blake, 
Assistant Curator of Birds, in collaboration with Mr. Harold C. 
Hanson, completed a report on a collection of birds from the State 
of Michoacan, Mexico, and the report was published by Field 
Museum Press. Mr. Rupert L. Wenzel, Assistant Curator of Insects, 
continued studies of the beetles of the family Histeridae. Mr. 
Loren P. Woods, Assistant Curator of Fishes, worked on the fishes 
of the eastern Pacific, especially those of the Galapagos Islands and 
of other waters bordering on South America. It is to be noted that 
much of the research is directed to South and Central America. 
This is primarily due to the growing importance of the Museum's 
collections from these regions as the cumulative result of numerous 
past expeditions. 

The most important publication of the year was a further 
installment of the Birds of the Americas. It is the joint production 
of Dr. C. E. HellmajT, Associate Curator of Birds, and Mr. Board- 
man Conover, Research Associate in Ornithology, and covers six- 
teen families of large birds, mainly game species. Manuscript for 
the succeeding number to finish the series has been prepared by 
Dr. Hellmayr, who is now resident in Switzerland, but war condi- 
tions make its early publication doubtful. 

-62- 



Installations and Rearrangements — Zoology . . . 

Preparation and installation of new exhibits have not been delayed. 
An exhibit of the mammals of Illinois was prepared by Staff Taxi- 
dermist W. E. Eigsti, and installed in four wall cases at the north 
end of George M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13). All species known to 
occur in the state are shown, each with a groundwork or accessory 
indicating its habits. Additions to the systematic series of mammals 
in Pullman Hall and Hall 15 include an Isabelline gazelle, a Thomp- 
son's gazelle, a llama, and an alpaca, all prepared by Staff Taxider- 
mist Julius Friesser. Others for this series are prepared and awaiting 
installation. 

Two new bird groups were added in Hall 20, both in the section 
assigned to European species, which is thus completed. The first 
shows the shore bird of which the male is known as the ruff and the 
female as the reeve. A bevy of these birds, engaged in their remark- 
able nuptial activities, is represented in a green meadow fronting a 
characteristic Dutch landscape. The second new group shows the 
eagle owl, a large species characteristic of the coniferous forests of 
northern Europe and Asia, being mobbed by smaller birds. These 
groups represent the joint efforts of Staff Taxidermist John W. 
Moyer, Staff Artist Arthur G. Rueckert, Preparator Frank H, Letl, 
and Assistant Taxidermist Frank C. Wonder. 

An exhibit of the poisonous snakes of the United States, with 
large colored maps illustrating their distribution, was added to 
Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18). This exhibit and its maps were 
designed by Miss Clarice McKeever, volunteer artist. 

A notable addition to the Hall of Fishes (Hall 0) was a habitat 
group showing the fish life along the shores of the Galapagos Islands. 
This shows a large number of colorful sea denizens in an unusually 
faithful reproduction of their environment, and it is thus indicative 
of their habits. Its high degree of accuracy and wealth of detail 
were made possible by the Leon Mandel Galapagos Expedition in 
1941, on which both scientific staff and preparators were represented. 
The group was prepared bj' Staff Taxidermist Leon L. Pray, Artist 
Rueckert, Preparator Letl, and Assistant Taxidermist Wonder, 
with the assistance and advice of various other members of the 
staff. 

A further addition to Hall is a large manta ray or devilfish, 
also obtained by the Mandel Expedition. This has been reproduced 
in "celluloid" with a very lifelike effect, by Staff Taxidermist Leon 
L. Walters. 

-63- 



An outstanding addition to the Hall of Anatomy and Osteology 
(Hall 19) is the "Animal Reproduction" series, which was completed 
durinp the year. A series of five units, arranged to form an alcove, 
traces the story of reproduction from the simple asexual tjT^e found 
in such animals as the amoeba up to the complex reproductive 
process in man and other mammals. Models, life-sized or enlarged, 
illustrate many details and are supplemented by transparencies, 
photograi)hs, and diagrams. The models are the work of Artist- 
Preparators Joseph Krstolich and Nellie B. Starkson. The nucleus 
of the exhibit, gift of the late Charles H. Schweppe, is a series of 
life-sized models to illustrate the process of development and birth 
in man. These were prepared at the New York Maternity Center 
by the sculptor Abram Belskie, under the direction of Dr. Robert 
L. Dickinson. Miss ^lalvina Hoffman served as consultant, and 
contributed a marble sculpture of a three-weeks-old baby to the 
final series. 

Total accessions of the year number 131,575, of which 123,057 
are mollusks and insects. The balance of 8,518 are vertebrates, as 
follows: 1,276 mammals, 924 birds, 3,919 reptiles and 2,399 fishes. 
Most notable accession of the year is the Walter F. Webb collection 
of mollusks, obtained by purchase and including 20,000 lots of shells, 
with more than 100,000 specimens. There are many tjTDes, para- 
types, and other specimens of historical value. Accessions of 
vertebrates were mainly from Museum expeditions, supplemented 
by occasional purchases and numerous gifts. As in former years, 
the Chicago Zoological Society contributed many animals which 
died at the Brookfield Zoo. Of these, 150 were preserved in the 
Division of Anatomy and Osteolog>', 144 being prepared as skeletons, 
and 6 as entire specimens. Especially important were the bodies of 
the giant panda "Mei Mei" and the gorilla "Sultan," v/hich were 
embalmed and carefully injected for future dissection. The Museum, 
as in past years, is much indebted to the General Biological Supply 
House of Chicago for the embalming and injection of such speci- 
mens, a task which requires great skill and care, and involves a 
very considerable expense. 

Gifts of reptiles include 122 specimens from Mr. Jerry Cordell, of 
Chicago, 96 from Mr. E. Wyllys Andrews, of Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, 52 from IMr. C. E. Burt, of Winfield, Kansas, 40 from Mr. 
W. C. Hobgood, of Monticello, Arkansas, and 35 from Dr. Henry 
Field, of Washington, D.C. A gift of 378 birds was received from 
Dr. Louis B. Bishop, of Pasadena, California. Of the 11,057 insects 
acquired, nearly 5,000 came as gifts — 1,966 from I^Ir. Henry Dybas, 

-64- 



of Chicago, 840 from Dr. Charles H. Seevers, of Chicago, 300 from 
the Museum of Comparative Zoology, and 260 from Captain 
Rupert L. Wenzel. 

Purchases during the year include several hundred small mam- 
mals from Ecuador, some 1,100 fishes from Texas, and some 4,000 
insects from various sources. The Conover Collection of game birds 
deposited in the Museum was increased by some 400 specimens. 
This collection now totals nearly 16,000 specimens from all parts 
of the world, and as a specialized collection is rapidly becoming one 
of the most important of its kind in existence. 

Cataloguing, Inventorying, and Labeling— 

All Departments . . . 

The customary attention was given in all four scientific depart- 
ments to the tasks of cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling. 

Anthropology ... 



In the Department of Anthropology, seventeen of the twenty- 
three new accessions of the year, and part of another one, were 
entered in the inventory books. Also, twenty-four previous acces- 
sions were entered in whole or in part. The number of catalogue 
cards prepared was 380, and 484 (including some held over from 1941) 
were entered. The number of catalogue cards entered since the 
inventory books were first opened now totals 228,217. Copy for 
380 exhibition labels was prepared by the department staff. Includ- 
ing duplicates, the Division of Printing issued to this department 
775 labels, as well as 450 catalogue cards. 

Botany . . . 



There were distributed by the Department of Botany in 
exchange to institutions and individuals in North and South 
America, 86 lots of duplicate material, totaling 21,470 items. 
Included were herbarium specimens, wood specimens, economic 
specimens, and photographs. Received on loan for study and 
determination were 39 lots of material, comprising more than 3,100 
separate items. Fifty-nine lots, comprising more than 2,000 items, 
were lent for determination or use in monographic studies. 

Much of the preparation of cryptogamic specimens for exchanges 
was done by Mr. Donald Richards of the University of Chicago. 
Records of all accessions, loan transactions, and photographs of 

-65- 



type specimens supplied to other institutions, as well as the various 
card catalogues in the Department Library were kept up to date by 
Miss P^dith M. Vincent, Librarian of the Department. Records 
were also made of the accessions of economic specimens and woods. 

Geology . . . 



In the Department of Geology's twenty-nine record books the 
number of entries during the year was 591. All specimens received 
during the year were catalogued except for such vertebrate fossils 
collected by expeditions as have not yet been sufliciently prepared 
for cataloguing. All the classified card catalogues, which index the 
mineral, gem, meteorite, rock, photograph, map, and vertebrate 
fossil collections have been kept up to date. Much progress was 
made in the preparation of a card index of the invertebrate fossils 
until September when this work had to be suspended because the 
last of the invertebrate paleontology staff was called into the Army. 
In all, 693 cards were typed and filed. One hundred twenty-five 
photographs were mounted in the albums, labeled, and catalogued. 
Copy for 1,116 labels was written and printed, and the labels 
installed. 

Zoology . . . 

The year's entries in the catalogues of the Department of Zoology 
totaled 9,375. Those in the different divisions are not wholly com- 
parable, since a single entry in some cases serves for a single specimen 
and in others for a considerable number. The record of entries is 
as follows: mammals 1,292; birds 3,605; reptiles 2,126; fishes 1,012; 
lower invertebrates 1,000; skeletons and anatomical preparations 
237; insects 103. Cataloguing of birds has been carried on chiefly 
by volunteers, of whom Mrs. John Morrow has been most active. 

Revision of the collections of mollusks has continued, some 2,000 
numbers, representing about 6,000 specimens, having been assorted 
and relabeled. The collection of insects has received much atten- 
tion, 2,900 specimens having been pinned, 2,500 pin-labeled, and 
3,190 alcoholic specimens labeled and arranged. Some 400 micro- 
scope slides of insects were made. The general revision of the reptile 
collection, begun in 1940, was finished. Considerable rearrange- 
ment of the fish collection was accomplished, especially that part 
stored in large tanks. The number of specimens in the collection 
was determined to be about 156,000, of which 100,000 are deter- 
mined and numbered. 

-66- 



The large Bishop collection of birds acquired in 1940 was allo- 
cated and distributed in systematic order, but a large part of it 
remains to be catalogued. 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, by-laws, lists of Members, et cetera. 

Orr Goodson, Acting Director 



67 



COMPARATIVE ATTENDANCE STATISTICS 
AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FOR YEARS 1941 AND 1942 



1942 

Total attendance 1,025,002 

Paid attendance 79,144 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 23,906 

School children 47,760 

Teachers 1,787 

Members 697 

United States and other Service 

Men 5,484 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 135,154 

Saturdays (52) 226,455 

Sundays (52) 504,615 

Highest attendance on any day (June 

14) 44,663 

Lowest attendance on any day (Janu- 
ary 7) 84 

Highest paid attendance (September 7) 3,320 

Average daily admissions (363 days) . . 2,824 

Average paid admissions (207 days) . . . 382 

Number of guides sold 12,471 

Number of articles checked 24,426 

Number of picture post cards sold .... 87,409 

Sales of publications, leaflets, hand- 
books, portfolios, and photographs $4,901.58 



1941 

1,358,147 
86,531 



88,276 

77,710 

3,022 

817 

891 



(51) 175,872 

(52) 339,453 
(52) 585,575 



(May 27) 47,998 
(January 7) 103 

(September 1) 3,515 
(363 days) 3,741 
(208 days) 416 

11,943 
20,601 
84,226 

$5,018.42 



-68- 



COMPARATIVE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 

FOR YEARS 1941 AND 1942 



Income 1942 

Endowment Funds $190,680.38 

Funds held under annuity agree- 
ments 18,139.55 

Life Membership Fund 9,140.57 

Associate Membership Fund. . . 10,722.75 

Chicago Park District 138,501.22 

Annual and Sustaining Member- 
ships 12,835.00 

Admissions 19,786.00 

Sundry receipts 16,174.85 

Contributions, general purposes. 1,272.00 
Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 14,041.16 

Special Funds — part expended 
for purposes designated (in- 
cluded per contra) 14,511.48 

Expenditures 

Collections $ 10,753.14 

Operating expenses capitalized 

and added to collections. , . 51,352.06 

Expeditions 1,244.99 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 8,549.53 

Wages capitalized and added to 

fixtures 5,036.69 

Pensions and Group Insurance. . 43,583.03 

Departmental expenses 35,742.78 

General operating expenses. . . . 321,334.09 
Building repairs and alterations . 47,584.94 
Annuities on contingent gifts. . . 25,000.00 
Reserve for repairs and deprecia- 
tion 35,000.00 

Reserve for contingencies arising 

from the war 30,000.00 



$445,804.96 



1941 

$196,442.74 

22,533.33 
10,713.74 

12,288.74 
129,498.70 

12,770.00 

21,632.75 

16,912.14 

22.00 

16,059.69 
14,449.56 



615,181.25 

Deficit $169,376.29 

Contribution by Mr. Marshall Field 167,208.63 

Deficit. . 



$453,323.39 



$ 17,650.52 

49,936.12 
13,888.32 
21,900.91 

3,384.89 

52,452.46 

46,112.71 

311,377.97 

100,704.53 

26,271.86 

35,000.00 



678,680.29 

$225,356.90 
252,541.42 



$ 2,167.66 Balance. $ 27,184.52 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC 

1942 

Income from endowment $ 16,795.92 

Operating expenses 16,639.50 

Balance $ 156.42 



SCHOOL EXTENSION 

1941 

$ 20,220.32 

19,063.11 

$ 1,157.21 



-69- 



COXTRIBL'TIOXS AND BEQUESTS 

Contributions and bequests to Field Museum of Natural History 
may be made in securities, money, books, or collections. They may, 
if desired, take the form of a memorial to a person or cause, to be 
named by the giver. 

Contributions made to the Museum are allowable as deductions 
in computing net income for federal income tax purposes, subject 
only to the limitation that the total deduction for charitable gifts 
may not exceed in any year 15 per cent of the contributor's net 
income. 

Contributions and bequests in any amount to Field Museum of 
Natural History are exempt from federal gift and estate taxes. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the provision 
that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or her lifetime. 

For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum the fol- 
lowing form is suggested: 

FORM OF BEQUEST 

I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of Natural 
History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, 



-70- 



LIST OF ACCESSIONS 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 



Adams, Joseph, Chicago: 1 chased 
bowl — Burma; 2 silver spoons and 2 
silver mate tubes — Lima, Peru; 1 
hat — Korea (gift). 

Andean Institute — Field Museum 
Expedition to Ecuador: see Field 
Museum of Natural History. 

Armijo, Jose, Frisco, New Mexico: 
1 stone ax and 1 San Francisco Red 
jar — near Reserve, New Mexico (gift). 

BiCKNELL, Mrs. Jessie V., Des 
Moines, Iowa: 2 bolas — Argentina 
(gift). 

Clarke, Mrs. Broadus, Chicago: 
1 Huaxtec jar — Mexico City; 1 anthro- 
pomorphic figurine of clay with whistle 
and tripod legs — Vera Cruz, Mexico 
(gift). 

Collier, Mrs. Donald, Chicago: 
1 Navajo jar — Black Mesa, Arizona 
(gift). 

Doubleday, Richard A., Chicago: 
boy's suit, consisting of jacket, trou- 
sers, belt and headdress — Chichicas- 
tenango, Guatemala (gift). 

Farley, Mrs. Neva H., St. Paul, 
Minnesota: 10 Chinese bronze mirrors 
dating from Chou to Sung periods —  
Shanghai, China (gift). 

Fogg Museum of Art, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 8 Neolithic painted 
pottery jars — Kanau Province, China 
(purchase). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Collected by Donald Collier (Andean 
Institute-Field Museum Expedition to 
Ecuador): 10 restored pots, 5 whole 
pots, 20,000 potsherds, 100 tools and 
ornaments of stone, bone, shell and 
metal, and 180 field photographs — 
Ecuador. 

Geduldig, Ivan, Chicago: 1 pair 
beaded moccasins — Plains area (gift). 

Kleijkamp, Inc., New York: group 
of 11 pottery mortuary figures — Peking, 
China (purchase). 



Kiehne, Max, Frisco, New Mexico: 

1 stone ax and 1 string of stone beads 
— Eagle Peak, Apache National Forest, 
New Mexico (gift). 

Loo, C. T., New York: 2 bronze dag- 
ger axes and 1 pair bronze chariot hub 
caps — Anhwei and Honan provinces, 
China (purchase). 

McCoRMiCK, Mrs. Chauncey, Chi- 
cago: 2 strings of gold and glass beads — 
Rome, 4th century a.d.; 1 string of gold 
and turquois beads — Islam (gift). 

Navajo Tribal Arts and Crafts 
Project, Window Rock, Arizona: 1 
cast silver buckle and 1 cast silver 
bracelet — Arizona (purchase). 

Pope, Miss Katherine, Chicago: 

2 pieces of tapa cloth — Honolulu, 
Hawaii (gift). 

Rogers, Mrs. Benton S., Reserve, 
New Mexico: 1 toy pot, 1 small string 
stone beads, 3 stone implements — 
Eagle Peak, Apache National Forest, 
New Mexico (gift). 

Royal Ontario Museum of Archae- 
ology, Ontario, Canada: 1 pottery 
rattle, 4 pottery lamps, 20 pottery 
vessels — Palestine (exchange). 

Sonnenschein, Mrs. Edward, Glen- 
coe, Illinois: bronze weapons, bone 
objects, iron with gold inset, and stone 
chisels (28 specimens) — north China, 
Shang and Chou periods (gift). 

Spoehr, Mrs. Anne Harding, Win- 
netka, Illinois: 2 Navajo silver buttons 
— Arizona (gift). 

Spruell, Leonard, Coolidge, Ari- 
zona: 2 Hohokam jars — southern Ari- 
zona (gift). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 
176 specimens of ivory, bone and stone, 
Manitunik Eskimo culture — Belcher 
Islands, Hudson Bay, Canada (ex- 
change). 



•71- 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY— ACCESSIONS 



Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 17 speci- 
mens of algae (exchange). 

Aguilar G., Josfi Ignacio, Guate- 
mala City, Guatemala: 1,027 specimens 
of Guatemalan plants (gift). 

Alberto, Rev. Hermano Tomas, 
Yarumal, Colombia: 12 specimens of 
Colombian plants (exchange). 

Alfaro, Professor Anastasio, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 1 plant specimen 
(gift). 

Allen, Paul H., Balboa, Canal 
Zone: 72 specimens of Panama plants 
(gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 2,303 plant specimens 
(exchange). 

Bailey Hortorium, Ithaca, New 
York: 4 plant specimens (exchange). 

Barkley, Dr. Fred A., Austin, 
Texas: 1 plant specimen, 17 specimens 
of algae (gift). 

Bazuin, C. W., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan: 124 specimens of Michigan 
plants (gift). 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 180 
specimens of United States plants (gift). 

BOCKELMANN, MRS. JEAN BADER, 

West New York, New Jersey: 118 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Botanical Museum, Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
92 specimens of Costa Rican orchids 
(exchange). 

Brannon, Dr. M. A., Gainesville, 
Florida: 122 specimens of Florida 
algae (gift). 

Britton, Dr. M. E., Evanston, 
Illinois: 2 specimens of algae (gift). 

Byrnes, Sister Mary Leo, Atlantic 
City, New Jersey: 2 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco, California: 235 speci- 
mens of United States plants (ex- 
change). 

Carter, Dr. Armetta, Berkeley, 
California: 22 specimens of California 
algae (gift). 

Caylor, Dr. R. L., Cleveland, 
Mississippi: 23 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

Clokey, Professor Ira W., South 
Pasadena, California: 95 specimens of 
Nevada plants (exchange); 13 plant 
specimens (gift). 



Cohen, Dr. Aaron A., Spivak, Colo- 
rado: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Condit, Professor Ira J., River- 
side, California: 2 specimens of culti- 
vated plants (gift). 

Cooke, Dr. William Bridge, San 
Francisco, California: 1 cryptogamic 
specimen (gift). 

CopuLOS, Milton, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of diatom (gift). 

Cornman, Mrs. M. Alice, Cardiff- 
by-the-Sea, California: 101 specimens 
of mosses from Panama (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 2 
economic specimens (gift). 

Daily, William A., Indianapolis, 
Indiana: 628 specimens of algae (gift). 

Daston, Joseph, Childersburg, Ala- 
bama: 1 herbarium specimen, 1 wood 
specimen, 1 economic specimen, 36 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Degener, Otto, Waialua, Oahu, 
Hawaii: 601 specimens of Hawaiian 
plants (gift). 

Drouet, Dr. Francis, Chicago: 548 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Dudley Herbarium, Stanford Uni- 
versity, California: 372 plant speci- 
mens, chiefly from Mexico (exchange). 

Duke University, Department of 
Botany, Durham, North Carolina: 200 
specimens of United States plants (ex- 
change). 

Dybas, Henry S., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen, 54 specimens of fungi (gift). 

Eifrig, Professor G., River For- 
est, Illinois: 3,036 plant specimens 
(gift). 

Escuela Superior de Agricul- 
TURA Tropical, Cali, El Valle, Colom- 
bia: 475 specimens of Colombian plants 
(exchange). 

Farlow Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 60 specimens of lichens 
(exchange). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 1 plant specimen, 4 economic 
specimens, 75 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Collected by Emil Sella (Field 
Museum Expedition to Maine, July, 
1940): 95 specimens of marine algae. 

Collected by Dr. Julian A. Steyermark 
(Field Museum's Fourth Botanical Ex- 
pedition to Guatemala): 30,000 plant 
specimens, 110 wood specimens. 



■72- 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 



Purchases: 136 plant specimens- 
Montana; 677 plant specimens — Mex- 
ico and British Honduras. 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
107 specimens of Texas plants (gift). 

FosBERG, Dr. F. Raymond, Falls 
Church, Virginia: 2 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, Chi- 
cago: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Gentry, Howard Scott, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 29 specimens of Mexican 
plants (gift). 

Giles, George H., Wilsonville, 
Nebraska: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 

Graham, Dr. V. O., Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Gray, Mrs. Netta, Urbana, Illinois: 
46 specimens of algae (gift). 

Gray Herbarium, Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 180 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

Grout, Dr. Abel J., Newfane, Ver- 
mont: 67 specimens of mosses (ex- 
change). 

Guerrera, S. a., Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 1 algal specimen (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 10 speci- 
mens of marine algae (gift). 

Hambly, Dr. Wilfrid D., Chicago: 
3 specimens of algae (gift). 

Hanson, Dr. Herbert C, Madison, 
Wisconsin: 34 plant specimens (gift). 

Harper, Dr. Roland M., Univer- 
sity, Alabama: 50 photographic prints, 
19 plant specimens (gift). 

Heath, Charles A., Chicago: 10 
specimens of cultivated plants (gift). 

HEVi^ETSON, William T., Freeport, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

HooGSTRAAL, Dr. Harry, Urbana, 
Illinois: 98 specimens of Mexican 
plants, 15 wood specimens (gift). 

Hull, Edwin D., Gary, Indiana: 5 
plant specimens (gift). 

Hutchinson, Dr. G. Evelyn, New 
Haven, Connecticut: 9 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Illinois State Museum, Springfield, 
Illinois: 86 specimens of Illinois plants 
(gift). 

Institut Botanique, Universite 
de Montreal, Montreal, Canada: 30 
specimens of algae (exchange). 

Instituto Biologico, Sao Paulo, 
Brazil: 10 plant specimens (gift). 



Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, 
Bogota, Colombia: 89 specimens of 
Colombian plants (exchange). 

Jardim Botanico de Belo Hori- 
zonte, Minas Geraes, Brazil: 52 speci- 
mens of Brazilian plants (gift). 

Just, Dr. Theodor, Notre Dame, 
Indiana: 205 specimens of algae (gift). 

Kendall, Mrs. B. A., Elburn, Illi- 
nois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

KlENER, Dr. Walter, Lincoln, 
Nebraska: 1,173 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (gift). 

KiLLiP, Ellsworth P., Washington, 
D.C.: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

King, Lawrence J., Coshocton, 
Ohio: 196 specimens of algae (gift). 

Kleerekoper, Dr. Herman, Porto 
Alegre, Brazil: 61 specimens of Bra- 
zilian algae (gift). 

Krukoff, Boris A., New York: 1 
wood specimen (gift); 237 plant speci- 
mens, 8 type photographs (exchange). 

Lackey, Dr. James B., Cincinnati, 
Ohio: 3 specimens of algae (gift). 

Lake, William E., Chicago: 10 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Lanouette, Mlle Cecile, Mont- 
real, Canada: 3 specimens of algae 

(gift). 

Lindsay, Walter R., Summit, Canal 
Zone: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Little, Dr. Elbert L., Jr., Tucson, 
Arizona: 7 cryptogamic specimens 
(gift). 

Luttrell, E. S., Experiment, Geor- 
gia: 7 specimens of lichens (gift). 

Macbride, J. Francis, Chicago: 95 
cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

McCallum, Dr. W. B., Salinas, 
California: 6 specimens of guayule 
plants (gift). 

McVaugh, Dr. Rogers, Takoma 
Park, Washington, D.C.: 92 specimens 
of Delaware plants (gift). 

Maldonado, Professor Angel, 
Lima, Peru; 138 specimens of Peruvian 
algae (gift). 

Marcelline, Sister M., Grand 
Rapids, Michigan: 76 specimens of 
Michigan plants (gift). 

Martin, Dr. G. W., Iowa City, 
Iowa: 1 plant specimen (gift). 



73- 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY— ACCESSIONS {Continued) 



Martinez, Professor Maximino, 
Mexico City, Mexico: 3 plant specimens 
(gift). 

Metzenberg, Leopold, Chicago: 2 
specimens of coal balls (gift). 

Miranda, Professor F., Chapulte- 
pec, Mexico: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

Missouri Botanical Garden, St. 
Louis, Missouri: 286 specimens of plants 
from Mexico and the United States, 13 
specimens of cryptogams (exchange). 

Montana State University, De- 
partment of Botany, Missoula, Mon- 
tana: 7 plant specimens (gift); 130 
specimens of Montana plants, 13 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
New York; 1 plant specimen, 694 
cryptogamic specimens (exchange). 

New York State College of 
Forestry, Syracuse, New York: 249 
specimens of plants from Guatemala 
and British Honduras (gift). 

Nicholson, Miss Lillian, St. Louis, 
Missouri: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Nielsen, Dr. J. E., Chicago: 21 
specimens of algae (gift). 

North Dakota Agricultural Col- 
lege, Department of Botany, Fargo, 
North Dakota: 125 specimens of North 
Dakota plants (exchange). 

Ogden, Dr. E. C, Orono, Maine: 22 
plant specimens (gift). 

Patrick, Dr. Ruth, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania: 21 specimens of algae, 
16 slides of diatoms (gift). 

Pearsall, Gordon, Maywood, Il- 
linois: 33 plant specimens (gift). 

Peggs, a. Deans, Nassau, Bahamas: 
4 specimens of algae (gift). 

Phinney, Harry K., Albion, Michi- 
gan: 382 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Pickel, Professor D. Bento, Sao 
Paulo, Brazil: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Pomona College, Department of 
Botany, Claremont, California: 27 type 
photographs (exchange). 

Prescott, Dr. Gerald W., Albion, 
Michigan: 9 specimens of algae (gift). 

Rabinovich, Senorita Delia, Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina: 27 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Reeves, Professor Robert G., Col- 
lege Station, Texas: 1 plant specimen 
(gift). 



Richards, Donald, Chicago: 72 
specimens of United States plants, 
1,570 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Sanborn, Miss Ethel J., Corvallis, 
Oregon: 45 specimens of bryophytes 
(exchange). 

ScHULTES, Dr. Richard Evans, 
Bogota, Colombia: 1 plant specimen 
(gift). 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 10 plant speci- 
mens (gift). 

Sharp, Dr. Aaron J., Knoxville, 
Tennessee: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 39 
plant specimens, 59 photographic nega- 
tives (gift). 

SiLVA, Herman, Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee: 111 specimens of algae (gift). 

Smith, Mrs. Olive Gaumer, Chi- 
cago: 9 specimens of mosses and lichens 
(gift). 

Snow, Dr. Edna, Provo, Utah: 11 
specimens of algae (gift). 

Solheim, Dr. W. G., Laramie, 
Wyoming: 16 specimens of algae (gift). 

Stiffler, Mrs. Cloyd B., Wilmette, 
Illinois: 8 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Strickland, J. C, Charlottesville, 
Virginia: 775 specimens of algae (ex- 
change). 

Sutliffe, Mrs. E. C, San Francisco, 
California: 12 specimens of hepatics 
(exchange). 

Taylor, Dr. William Randolph, 
Ann Arbor, Michigan: 9 specimens of 
algae (gift). 

Thompson, Fred O., Des Moines, 
Iowa: 5 fossil plant specimens (gift). 

Torres R., Professor Ruben, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 2 specimens of algae 
(gift). 

Tryon, Dr. Robert M., Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 63 plant specimens (ex- 
change). 

United States Customs House, 
Chicago: 2 economic specimens (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 356 specimens of 
algae (gift); 210 photographic prints, 
301 cryptogamic specimens, 739 speci- 
mens of Central and South American 
plants (exchange). 

University of California, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Berkeley, California: 
941 specimens of algae (gift); 5,670 
specimens of algae, 276 specimens of 
California plants (exchange). 



74- 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 



University of California, College 
of Agriculture, Division of Agronomy, 
Berkeley, California: 109 specimens of 
California plants (exchange). 

University of California, College 
of Agriculture, Division of Forestry: 21 
slides of menisperm woods (gift). 

University of California, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia: 3 plant specimens (gift). 

University of Chicago, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Chicago: 2,528 speci- 
mens of fungi (gift). 

University of Michigan, Her- 
barium, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 118 
plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Pennsylvania, De- 
partment of Botany, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania: 202 cryptogamic speci- 
mens (exchange). 

University of Washington, De- 
partment of Botany, Seattle, Washing- 
ton: 578 plant specimens, chiefly from 
Washington (exchange). 

Valerio, Professor Manuel, San 
Jose, Costa Rica: 8 specimens of Costa 
Rican plants (gift). 



Vaughan's Seed Store, Chicago: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

VON Hagen, Dr. Victor Wolfgang, 
Santa Monica, California: 9 specimens 
of Mexican plants and paper made 
from them (gift). 

Welch, Dr. Winona H., Green- 
castle, Indiana: 51 specimens of bryo- 
phytes (exchange). 

Westcott, Russell C, Los Angeles, 
California: 5 specimens of cultivated 
plants (gift). 

Wood, Private Richard D., Fort 
Bliss, Texas: 139 specimens of Texas 
plants, 88 cryptogamic specimens (gift). 

Woods, Loren P., Chicago: 48 speci- 
mens of Michigan algae (gift). 

Woytkowski, Felix, Lima, Peru: 20 
specimens of Peruvian plants (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Yellowstone Library and Mu- 
seum Association, Yellowstone Park, 
Wyoming: 2 plant specimens (gift). 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY— ACCESSIONS 



American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 8 specimens of 
Homogalax — Wyoming; 4 casts of verte- 
brate fossils (exchange). 

Barber, C. M., Hot Springs, Ar- 
kansas: 2 specimens of fossil turtles — 
Columbus, Arkansas (gift). 

Barnes, 0. C, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia: 7 specimens of polished fossil 
wood, 2 specimens of polished fossili- 
ferous limestone, 1 specimen of polished 
orbicular diorite — Nevada (gift). 

Becker, Dr. A. H., Madison, Wis- 
consin: 1 moonstone cabochon — Wau- 
sau, Wisconsin (gift). 

Bender, Nelson, Freeport, Illinois: 
Part of skull of Leptauchenia decora — 
Bad Lands, South Dakota (gift). 

Bright, Miss Dorothy, Kankakee, 
Illinois: 3 trilobites — Kankakee, Illinois 
(gift). 

BuRCKY, Dr. Frederick W., Evans- 
ton, Illinois: 19 specimens of fossil 
wood, 12 specimens of m.alachite con- 
cretions, 1 specimen of nephrite jade, 3 
moss agate cabochons — western states; 



63 carnelian specimens — Utah and Hot 
Springs, New Mexico; 1 polished slice 
of red dinosaur bone — Colorado (gift). 

Burton, Robert A., Evanston, 
Illinois: 5 invertebrate fossils — Orland 
Park, Illinois (gift). 

Deardorff, Hazel, Rifle, Colorado: 
3 specimens of early Eocene mammals 
-Rifle, Colorado (gift). 

DOLESE and SHEPARD COMPANY, 

Chicago: 1 specimen of cephalopod 
— Hodgkins, Illinois (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 
Collected by Bryan Patterson, James 
H. Quinn, Edwin C. Galbreath (Field 
Museum Paleontological Expedition to 
Colorado, 1939 and 1941): 553 speci- 
mens of fossil vertebrates, inverte- 
brates and plants — Colorado, Nebraska 
and South Dakota. 

Collected by Dr. Paul O. McGrew 
(Field Museum Paleontological Expedi- 
tion to Honduras 1941 and 1942): 242 
specimens of vertebrate fossils — Hon- 
duras. 

Collected by James H. Quinn and 
Orville Gilpin (Field Museum Expe- 



nd- 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 



dition to Utah, 1942): 23 specimens of 
vertebrate and invertebrate fossils — 
Utah, Colorado and Nebraska. 

Collected by Paul C. Standley (Stan- 
ley Field Botanical Expedition to 
Guatemala, 1940 and 1941): 3 speci- 
mens of phlogopite — Guatemala. 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn (Field 
Museum Zoological Expedition to Peru, 
1942): 1 specimen of fossiliferous lime- 
stone and 1 specimen of cement rock — 
Peru. 

Collected by Leon Walters (Leon 
Mandel Galapagos Expedition) : 2 speci- 
mens of cellular basalt — Charles Island, 
Galapagos Islands. 

Collected by Dr. B. E. Dahlgren: 8 
specimens of chromite — Cuba. 

Transferred from the Department of 
Botany: 2 coal balls and 2 coal ball 
sections — Illinois and Des Moines, 
Iowa. 

Purchases: 4 Devonian fish — Quebec, 
Canada; 1 iron meteorite — Smithonia, 
Georgia; 26 specimens of invertebrate 
fossils — Paraguay; cast of skull of dino- 
saur, Tyrannosaurus rex. 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 2 specimens of phyllite schist — 
Trinidad (gift). 

Fort Hays Kansas State College, 
Hays, Kansas: 1 fossil fish, Phareodus 
testis Cope — Fossil, Wyoming (ex- 
change). 

Frick, Dr. Childs, Roslyn, Long 
Island: Skull of Teleoceras — Ainsworth, 
Nebraska (gift). 

GoLDRiNG, E. D., Cowdrey, Colo- 
rado: 4 specimens of ilsemannite — Cow- 
drey, Colorado (gift). 

Hafer, C, Candor, North Carolina: 
21 specimens of minerals — North Caro- 
lina (gift). 

Harris, William M., Mesa, Colo- 
rado: 4 specimens of Paleocene mam- 
mals — Plateau Valley, Colorado (gift). 

Holt, Professor Edward L., Grand 
Junction, Colorado: Metacarpus of 
Apatosaurus — Floy Junction, Utah 
(gift); partial skeleton of Apatosaurus 
— Floj'' Junction, Utah (exchange). 



Huss, George, Chicago: 1 fluorite 
crystal — Mahoning Mine, Illinois (gift). 

Johnson, Robert G., Le Grand, 
Iowa: 1 specimen of fossil coral — near 
Le Grand, Iowa (gift). 

Koffers Company, Cicero, Illinois: 
2 specimens of oil (gift). 

La Paz, Professor Lincoln: Colum- 
bus, Ohio: 3 tektites — Texas (gift). 

McClun, John, Chicago: 2 septaria 
(gift). 

Macedo, Ricardo, Puno, Canabaya 
Usixcayas, Peru: 7 invertebrate fossils 
— Puno, Canabaya, Peru (gift). 

Meade, Grayson, Lubbock, Texas: 
6 coprolites; 1 fossil egg — northwest 
Nebraska, Bad Lands (gift). 

Menzel, William E., Chicago: 3 
cabochons of anorthosite — Wausau, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 3 fossil 
turtles — Arkansas (exchange). 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago: frag- 
ment of crust of Pine River meteorite — 
Pine River, Wisconsin (gift). 

Nininger, Dr. H. H., Denver, 
Colorado: 11 specimens of meteorites — 
various localities (exchange). 

Peabody Museum, Yale Uni- 
versity, New Haven, Connecticut: 
28 casts of fossil vertebrates (exchange). 

Peoples Gas Light and Coke Com- 
pany, Chicago: 4 specimens of coal-tar 
products (gift). 

Perry, Stuart H., Adrian, Michi- 
gan: 1 specimen of meteorite — Cedar- 
town, Georgia (exchange). 

QuiNN, James H., South Holland, 
Illinois: 2 specimens of diatomaceous 
earth — Ainsworth, Nebraska (gift). 

Ruegg, R., La Junta, Colorado: 1 
mold of dinosaur track (gift). 

Swigart, Ray C, Rifle, Colorado: 
incomplete skull of Titanothere — wes- 
tern Colorado (gift). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 2 
specimens of fossil tracks of Microsau- 
ropus acutipes — Texas (gift). 



-76- 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY— ACCESSIONS 



Albrecht, C. J., Homewood, Illinois: 

1 tick — Crete, Illinois (gift). 

Allen, Ross, Silver Springs, Florida: 

2 coral snakes and coral snake eggs — 
Florida (gift). 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 11 rodents — 
Colombia (gift); 53 beetles, 7 spiders — 
various localities (exchange). 

Andrews, E. W., Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts: 14 frogs, 49 lizards, 33 
snakes — Yucatan (gift). 

Babcock, James N., Kenilworth, 
Illinois: 1 water snake — Porter County, 
Indiana (gift). 

Baldwin, Mrs. Amy G., Chicago: 1 
horned lark — Ridgway, Iowa (gift). 

Barmack, Mrs. B. J., Porter County, 
Indiana: 1 hognosed snake — Porter 
County, Indiana (gift). 

Beecher, William, Chicago: 9 liz- 
ards, 2 snakes, 8 insects and their 
allies — Arkansas (gift). 

Bergstrom, David W., Chicago: 163 
lots of mollusks, 2 lots of isopods — 
Mexico (gift). 

Best, Miss Elizabeth, Glencoe, 
Illinois: 6 moths — Glencoe, Illinois 
(gift). 

Best, William P., Glencoe, Illinois: 
1 moth — Glencoe, lUinois (gift). 

Bishop, Dr. Louis B., Pasadena, 
California: 378 birds — various localities 
(gift). 

Boothroyd, Thomas S., Chicago: 1 
wheel bug — Fox Lake, Illinois (gift). 

Bower, William J., Bronxville, 
New York: 24 fresh-water snails — St. 
Petersburg, New York (gift). 

Brown, Bryce C, Harlingen, Texas: 
20 toads — Austin, Texas (exchange). 

Burt, Charles E., Winfield, Kansas: 
3 frogs- — Florida; 2 salamanders — 
North Carolina; 1 salamander, 46 
snakes — Cowley County, Kansas (gift). 

Burton, Robert A., Evanston, 
Illinois: part of a fur seal skin — Gala- 
pagos Islands; 1 spider — Arkansas 
(gift). 

Burton, Robert A., John Kurfess, 
AND Donald Kemp, Evanston, Illinois: 
92 salamanders, 19 frogs, 72 lizards, 8 
snakes, 4 turtles — Arkansas and Mis- 
souri (gift). 

Callan, Dr. Edward M., Trinidad, 
British West Indies: 1 series of tadpoles, 
1 frog, 1 lizard, 1 snake — Trinidad 
(gift). 



Cagle, Fred, Carbondale, Illinois: 
7 frogs, 4 lizards, 4 turtles — Illinois 
(gift). 

Campbell, George G., United States 
Naval Base, British West Indies: 1 
lizard, 4 snakes — Trinidad (gift). 

Camras, Sidney, Chicago: 160 in- 
sects — various localities (gift). 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 11 lizards, 1 snake, 12 
frogs, 21 butterflies — various localities 
(exchange). 

Cartwright, Dr. O. L., Clemson, 
South Carolina: 29 beetles — Georgia 
and South Carolina (gift); 19 beetles — 
various localities (exchange). 

Chicago Academy of Sciences, 
Chicago: 1 least weasel — Cook County, 
Illinois (exchange). 

Chicago Zoological Society, 
Brookfield, Illinois: 23 mammals, 142 
birds, 2 bird eggs, 2 lizards, 5 snakes, 
220 bird lice— various localities (gift). 

CiESLAK, Edwin S., Chicago: 126 
garter snake skins — Cook County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Colorado Museum of Natural 
History, Denver, Colorado: 1 sage 
grouse — Walden, Colorado (gift). 

CoNOVER, Boardman, Chicago: 4 
birds — various localities (gift). 

CoRDELL, Jerry, Chicago: 103 sala- 
manders, 6 frogs, 5 snakes, 8 turtles- 
Illinois and Indiana (gift). 

Crea, John H., Fargo, North 
Dakota: 1 bittern — Yorkshire, England 
(gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 1 
toad, 1 scorpion — Cuba (gift). 

Darrow, R. a.. Oak Park, Illinois: 
15 small mammals — Cook County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 1 tadpole, 1 snake — Illinois (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Naperville, Illi- 
nois, Dr. Fritz Haas, and Loren P. 
Woods, Chicago: 720 worms, crusta- 
ceans and shells — near Naperville, 
Illinois (gift). 

Doherty, Patrick, Chicago: 1 milk 
snake — Hamilton County, Illinois (gift). 

Dybas, Henry, Chicago: 6 sala- 
m.anders, 1,966 insects and allies, 34 
isopods, 483 shells — various localities 
(gift). 



•77- 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY— ACCESSIONS {Continued) 



Edc.ren, Richard, Chicago: 10 sala- 
manders, 1 garter snake, 1 musk 
turtle— Racine County, Wisconsin 
(gift). 

EiFRiG, Professor C. W. G., River 
Forest, Illinois: 5 weasel skulls — Illinois; 
1 turtle skull— Green County, Arkansas 
(gift). 

ElGSTi, W. E., Chicago Heights, Illi- 
nois: 4 small mammals, 2 land shells — 
Illinois (gift). 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, 
D.C.: 8 tadpoles, 7 toads, 14 sala- 
manders — Highlands, North Carolina; 
1 series of tadpoles, 1 lizard, 9 insects, 
8 corals, 114 shells, 7 crabs — Trinidad 
(gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Collected by C. J. Albrecht: 24 liz- 
ards, 30 fishes, 3 insects, 1 spider — 
Mojave Desert, California. 

Collected by Emmet R. Blake (Sewell 
Avery British Guiana Expedition): 1 
louse-lly, 27 ticks, 7 parasitic copepods 
— British Guiana. 

Collected by Dr. Francis Drouet 
(Field Museum Cryptogamic Expedi- 
tion to California) : 65 fresh-water shells 
— California. 

Collected by Henry Dybas: 11 mites, 
14 parasitic flies — on birds from Ecua- 
dor. 

Collected by Dr. Paul O. McGrew 
(Field Museum Paleontological Expedi- 
tion to Honduras): 1 deer skull, 1 frog, 
5 lizards, 3 snakes, 16 insects and their 
allies, 4 fresh-water Crustacea — Hondu- 
ras. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson (Field 
Museum Paleontological Expedition to 
Colorado, 1941): 31 insects and their 
allies — Colorado. 

Collected by Cliflord H. Pope: 1 tad- 
pole, 14 toads, 10 lizards, 35 snakes, 8 
turtles — Illinois and Indiana. 

Collected by James H. Quinn and 
Orville L. Gilpin (Field Museum 
Paleontological Expedition to Utah): 
8 insects — Thompson, Utah. 

Collected by Colin C. Sanborn (Field 
Museum Peruvian Zoological Expedi- 
tion, 1941-42): 349 mammal skins, 
skulls and skeletons, 73 mammals in 
alcohol, 22 birds, 574 frogs, 50 snakes, 
180 lizards, 310 fishes, 569 insects and 
their allies — Peru. 



Collected by Colin C. Sanborn and 
W. E. Eigsti: 41 small mammals, 2 frogs, 
1 snake, 4 turtles — Illinois. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt (Mar- 
shall Field Honduras Expedition): 62 
invertebrates — Honduras. 

Collected by Jose Steinbach (Field 
Museum Mt. Sajama Expedition): 116 
mammals, 157 birds, 9 frogs, 22 lizards, 
25 fishes — Bolivia. 

Collected by Dr. .Julian A. Steyer- 
mark and A. E. Vatter, Jr. (Field 
Museum Guatemala Botanical Expedi- 
tion, 1941-42): 16 mammals, 164 birds, 
27 frogs, 21 lizards, 14 snakes, 65 insects 
and their allies, 6 shells and crustaceans 
— Guatemala. 

Collected by Rupert L. Wenzel: 6 
insects — Porter County, Indiana. 

Collected by Loren P. Woods: 
52 fresh-water invertebrates — Posey 
County, Indiana. 

Purchases: 2 fox skins — Alaska and ? 
1,001 beetles — Brazil and Argentina 
12 hawks and owls — British Columbia 
1 giant panda — China; 347 small mam- 
mals — Ecuador; 2 beetles, 10 marine 
shells — Florida; 3 chimney swift nests 
— Illinois; 77 frogs, 4 lizards, 10 snakes, 
490 fishes — India and Philippine Is- 
lands; 12 birds of prey — Manchukuo; 
134 birds, 792 amphibians and reptiles, 
25 fishes, 2,392 insects and their allies — 
Mexico; 1 American badger — North 
Dakota; 1 guinea pig — Paraguay; 15 
hawks and owls, 34 bats, 4 series of 
juvenile frogs, 729 frogs, 1 lizard, 24 
snakes — Peru; 7 lizards, 3 snakes, 720 
fishes, 571 insects and their allies, 1,529 
marine and fresh-water invertebrates— 
mostly Texas; 70 small mammals — 
mostly Utah; 2 human pelves, 42 mis- 
cellaneous birds, 6 caecilians, 10 frogs, 
46 lizards, 49 snakes, 3,100 land and 
fresh-water shells — various localities. 

Finerty, Miss Margaret, Home- 
wood, Illinois: 1 mole — Homewood, 
Illinois (gift). 

General Biological Supply House, 
1 steer head; 4 fresh-water shells — 
Chicago region (gift). 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago: 18 
insects — various localities (gift). 

GoODSON, Orr, Glencoe, Illinois: 
4 chipmunks — Cook County, Illinois 
(gift). 

Groesbeck, Dr. M. J., Porterville, 
California: 25 fresh-water snails — 
Porterville, California (gift). 



78- 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 



Groesbeck, Mrs. M. J., Porterville, 
California: 9 fresh-water shells — Porter- 
ville, CaHfornia (gift). 

GuNTER, Gordon, Rockport, Texas: 
1 coral snake, 340 larval mullets — 
Arkansas County, Texas (gift). 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago: 1 Ameri- 
can merganser, 20 fresh-water shells — 
Chicago; 10 springtails — Maine (gift). 

Hanson, Harold, Madison, Wis- 
consin: 1 skunk — Prairie du Sac, Wis- 
consin (gift). 

Harper, Francis, Swarthmore, 
Pennsylvania: 12 frogs — various locali- 
ties (exchange). 

Heath, Dr. James P., Kent, Ohio: 3 
bats — Isle of Pines, Cuba (gift). 

Herre, Dr. Albert W., Stanford 
University, California: 2 snakes — India 
(gift). 

Hertig, Dr. Marshall, Lima, Peru: 
7 mice — near Lima, Peru (gift). 

HiGGiNS, Harold, Salt Lake City, 
Utah: 19 lizards, 1 snake — Samoa (gift). 

HoBGOOD, Dr. W. C, Monticello, 
Arkansas: 4 salamanders, 11 frogs, 26 
snakes, 7 lizards, 7 turtles, 10 fishes — 
Tennessee and Arkansas (gift). 

HuBRiCHT, Dr. Leslie, St. Louis, 
Missouri: 5 salamanders — Missouri 
(gift). 

Huff, Dr. Clay G., Chicago: 1 
horned lizard skull — Michoacan, Mex- 
ico (gift). 

Indiana State Department of 
Fish and Game, Knox, Indiana: 
3 tadpoles — Starke County, Indiana 
(gift). 

Instituto de La Salle, Bogota, 
Colombia: 6 fishes — Villavicencio, Co- 
lombia (gift). 

Ireland, Miss Elisabeth, Thomas- 
ville, Georgia: 1 scorpion, 1 millipede — 
near Thomasville, Georgia (gift). 

Kauffeld, Carl F., Staten Island, 
New York: 2 living rattlesnakes — New 
York and New Jersey (gift). 

Kemp, Donald M., Hawthorne, 
Nevada: 4 lizards, a rattlesnake — 
Mineral County, Nevada (gift). 

Lamb, George N., Chicago: 1 marine 
shell— Florida (gift). 

Lambert, Ronald J., Zion, Illinois: 
1 snake — Wisconsin (gift). 

Law, Captain S. R., Camp Haan, 
California: 2 snakes (gift). 



LiLJEBLAD, Emil, Villa Park, Illinois: 
2 snout-beetles — Whitehall, Michigan 
(gift). 

Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago: 1 orang 
utan, 4 birds, 2 crocodiles — various 
localities (gift). 

Lincoln School, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 4 birds — Highland Park, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Lohr, Major Lenox R., Evanston, 
Illinois: 1 marmoset — South America 
(gift). 

Los Angeles County Museum of 
History, Science and Art, Los 
Angeles, California: 14 bats — California 
(exchange). 

MacArthur, Kenneth, Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin: 11 louse-flies — various local- 
ities (exchange). 

McCoRMiCK, Leander J., Chicago: 
2 fishes— Cuba (gift). 

McElvare, Rowland G., New York: 

8 moths — California (gift). 

Maldonado, Dr. Angel, Lima, Peru : 
20 fishes, 34 insects and allies, 75 fresh- 
water invertebrates — Peru (gift). 

May, James F., Manitou Springs, 
Colorado: 9 insects — various localities 
(exchange). 

Millar, John R., Chicago: 1 milli- 
pede — Tennessee (gift). 

Museo Argentino de Ciencias 
Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 
300 land and fresh-water shells — South 
America (exchange). 

Museo Nacional de Historia, 
Mexico City, Mexico: 1 volcano rab- 
bit — Mexico (exchange). 

Museum of Comp.a.rative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 1 bat — 
Mexico; 3 golden moles — South Africa; 
1 bat — Trinidad; 72 beetles — various 
localities (exchange); 300 tiger beetles 
— various localities (gift). 

Necker, Walter L., Chicago: 12 
salamanders, 67 frogs, 42 lizards, 25 
snakes, 3 turtles — Mexico and United 
States (exchange). 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
55 mammal skins and skulls and 3 
skeletons, 2 birds — Arizona (gift). 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago: 161 
insects and allies, 30 land shells and 
crustaceans — Adams County, Illinois 
(gift). 

Patton, Robert, Chicago: 1 wood- 
chuck — Elmwood, Illinois (gift). 



-79 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 



Pearsall, Gordon, Maywood, Illi- 
nois: 1 fox squirrel— Chicago; 1 mink — 
VAk CJrove, Illinois; 1 ribbon snake — 
Dune Acres, Indiana (gift). 

Peterson, Dr. J. O., Chicago: 1 
snake — Mille Lacs County, Minnesota 
(gift). 

Philippine Bureau of Science, 
Manila, Philippine Islands: 4 snakes — 
Philippine Islands (gift). 

Pope, Clifford C, and Family, 
Winnetka, Illinois: 1 frog, 17 lizards, 
7 snakes, 2 turtles— Mason County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Porter, Dr. Carlos E., Santiago, 
Chile: 15 beetles— Temuco, Chile (ex- 
change). 

QuiNN, James H., South Holland, 
Illinois: 1 mole skeleton — Ainsworth, 
Nebraska (gift). 

QuiNTERO, Luis Cabrer, Havana, 
Cuba: 11 land shells— Havana, Cuba 
(gift). 

Ray, Eugene, Chicago: 1 beetle- 
Miller, Indiana; 1 ant lion, 1 spider — 
Decatur, Michigan (gift). 

Reed, Clyde T., Gregory, Texas: 32 
mamm.al skulls — Texas (exchange); 1 
infant human skeleton, 2 armadillo 
pelves, 74 salamanders, 3 toads, 1 soft- 
shelled turtle, 419 fishes— Texas (gift). 

Rowan, Dr. William, Edmonton, 
Canada: 8 frogs — Alberta, Canada 
(exchange). 

RuECKERT, Arthur G., Chicago: 1 
African love bird (gift). 

Sanderson, Ivan T., Belize, British 
Honduras: 25 ricinulids — Yucatan (ex- 
change). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Homewood, Illi- 
nois: 54 insects and allies — Utah and 
Wyoming; 10 land snails— Utah (gift). 

ScHREiBER, Jack, Chicago: 16 bird 
lice — Illinois (gift). 

Searls, Robert S., Odessa, Texas: 
1 sand cricket — western Texas (gift). 

Seevers, Dr. Charles H., Chicago: 
1,067 insects — various localities (ex- 
change); 840 insects and allies— various 
localities (gift). 

Shedd Aquarium, John G., Chicago: 
1 carpet shark — Australia; 1 fish — Cali- 
fornia (gift). 



Shouba, James R., Chicago: 1 cicada 
— Chicago (gift). 

Smith, Dr. C. S., San Marcos, Texas: 
3 salamanders — Texas (gift). 

Stafford, Grant, Chesterton, Indi- 
ana: 1 short-tailed shrew — Chesterton, 
Indiana (gift). 

Stanford University, California: 
2 toads — California (gift). 

Thompson, Roy, Zion, Illinois: 1 
spider — Merrimac, Wisconsin (gift). 

Torre, Luis de La, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 weasel — Lake County, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Train, Middleton, Trinidad: 1 
spider — Trinidad (gift). 

United States Division of F^sh 
and Wildlife Service, Washington, 
D.C.: 2 coyote skins (loan). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 4 crustaceans (ex- 
change). 

University of California, Museum 
of Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, 
California: 5 kangaroo rats — Nevada 

(gift). 

University of Kansas, Museum of 
Vertebrate Paleontology, Lawrence, 
Kansas: 7 mammal skeletons, 1 lizard 
skeleton — Nebraska (exchange). 

Vogt, William, Lima, Peru: 1 spider, . 
188 marine lower invertebrates — Peru I 
(gift). 

Walton, Mrs. Clara K., Highland 
Park, Illinois: 5 birds — Highland Park, 
Illinois; 2 young birds — Clintonville, 
Wisconsin (gift). 

Webb, Walter F., Rochester, New 
York: 142 land shells — Philippine Is- 
lands (gift). 

Wenzel, Rupert L., Chicago: 260 
beetles — various localities (gift). 

Willim, Pedro, Colonia Nueva 
Ilaha, Paraguay: 169 insects — Paraguay 

(gift). 

Woods, Loren P., Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 34 salamander larvae, 2 frogs — 
Posey County, Indiana; 10 ants — 
Naperville, Illinois (gift). 

Wyatt, Alex K., Chicago: 5 moths- 
Elgin, Illinois; 13 insects — Vilas County, 
Wisconsin (gift). 



80- 



RAYMOND FOUNDATION— ACCESSIONS 



Bayalis, John, Chicago: 6 natural 
color slides (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Taken by Colin C. Sanborn on Field 
Museum Expedition to Peru (1941-42): 
131 natural color slides. 

Made by Division of Photography: 
109 slides. 

Gronemann, Mrs. Pearle, Elgin, 
Illinois: 159 slides (purchase). 

Hambleton, Elizabeth, Chicago: 2 
natural color slides (gift). 

Janecek, John, Chicago: 1 natural 
color slide (gift). 



MoYER, John, Chicago: 25 natural 
color slides (gift). 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
39 slides (gift). 

Santa Fe Railway: 2 slide cabi- 
nets (gift). 

Thomson, Carman, Chicago: 4 natu- 
ral color slides (gift). 

TuRTOx Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 347 natural color slides (gift). 

Miscellaneous: 44 natural color 
slides, 15 film strips on China (pur- 
chase). 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY— ACCESSIONS 



Field Museum of Natural History: 
Made by Division of Photography: 
10,390 prints, 1,368 negatives, 286 
enlargements, 329 lantern slides, 13 
transparent labels, 8 transparencies, 
and 62 color films. 

Made by Colin C. Sanborn: 16 
general views in Peru, made in 1941. 



Heller, Edmund, Estate of, San 
Francisco, California: 402 negatives of 
general views in central Africa. 

Winter, F. E., Madison, Wisconsin: 
332 negatives of general views and land- 
scapes, made on Field Museum expedi- 
tion to Texas in 1937. 



LIBRARY— ACCESSIONS 

List of Donors of Books 

institutions 



Agfa Ansco, Binghamton, New York. 

Americana Corporation, New York. 

Australian National Publicity Associa- 
tion, Los Angeles, California. 

Australian National Publicity Associa- 
tion, Australian News and Informa- 
tion Bureau, New York. 

Baker-Hunt Foundation, Covington, 

Kentucky. 
Bureau d'Ethnologie, Port-au-Prince, 

Haiti. 

Carnegie Corporation, New York. 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
Washington, D.C. 

Comite Nacional, Buenos Aires, Argen- 
tina. 

Comite pro Truismo de Yucatan Me- 
rida, Yucatan, Mexico. 

Council of Scientific Societies, Buffalo, 
New York. 

Fessenden National Memorial Associa- 
tion, Manteo (Roanoke Island), 
North Carolina. 

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, 
Michigan. 

Instituto Central de Fomento Econo- 

mico, Bahia, Brazil. 
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 



Miami University, Coral Gables, Flor- 
ida. 

National Association of Manufacturers, 
New York. 

National Education Association, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

North Dakota Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, Fargo, North Dakota. 

North Park College, Chicago. 

Philadelphia Quartz Company, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 

Royal College of Surgeons, London, 
England. 

Saint Joseph's Museum, St. Joseph, 
Missouri. 

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa 
Barbara, California. 

Secretaria de Agricultura y Fomento de 
Fitosanitario, Jacinto, Mexico. 

Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio. 

University College, Hull, England. 

William and Mary College and Com- 
mission of Fisheries, Williamsburg, 
Virginia. 



-81 



LIBRARY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 

INDIVIDUALS 



Barnes, Claude T., Salt Lake City, 

Utah. 
Bay, Dr. J. Christian, Chicago. 
Beecher, William J., Chicago. 
Bencsh, Bonard, Chicago. 
Blake, S. F., Washington, D.C. 
Brooks, Allan, Okanagan Landing, 

British Columbia. 

Caso, Dr. Alfonso, Mexico City, Mex- 
ico. 

Cawston, F. Gordon, Durban, Natal. 

Collier, Donald, Chicago. 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago. 

Corning, William H., Chicago. 

Cromwell, James H. R., Washington, 
D.C. 

Cuatrecasas, Dr. Jose, Bogota, Colom- 
bia. 

Cuces, Loraida, Caracas, Venezuela. 

Dalquest, Walter W., Washington, D.C. 
Datta, R. M., Dum Dum, India. 
Davis, D. Dwight, Chicago. 
Devincenze, Dr. Garibaldi, Montevideo, 

Uruguay. 
Downs, Robert B., New York. 
Dybas, Henry S., Chicago. 

Elenbogen, Miss Celia, Chicago. 
Essig, E. O., Berkeley, California. 

Field, Dr. Henry, Washington, D.C. 

Field, Stanley, Chicago. 

Flores, Teodoro, Mexico City, Mexico. 

Ford, Robert N., State College, Missis- 
sippi. 

Foster, George M., Jr., Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia. 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago. 

Givler, J. P., Greensboro, North Caro- 
lina. 

Gladstone, Sir Hugh, Dumfriesshire, 
England. 

Goodwin, George C, New York. 

Gregg, Colonel Clifford C, Chicago. 

Haas, Dr. Fritz, Chicago. 
Haas, Dr. Otto, New York. 
Hambleton, A!iss Elizabeth, Chicago. 
Hewes, Henry B., Berkeley, California. 
Heyser, Frank L., Chicago. 



Honigsheim, Dr. Paul, East Lansing, 

Michigan. 
Hubeny, Mrs. M. J., Chicago. 



Jellison, William L 
tana. 



Hamilton, Mon- 



Kleijkamp, Jan, New York. 

Lanham, F. M., Pretoria, Transvaal. 

La Paz, Lincoln, Columbus, Ohio. 

Liljeblad, Emil, Villa Park, Illinois. 

Littell, John McGregor, South Orange, 
New Jersey. 

Lundell, Cyrus L., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan. 

McComas, Mi.ss Edith R., Roland 
Park, Maryland. 

Malan, B. D., Johannesburg, Trans- 
vaal. 

Martin, Dr. Paul S., Chicago. 

Meyer, Samuel L., Knoxville, Ken- 
tucky. 

Miller, Professor D. F., Columbus, Ohio. 

Moore, Major D. Merrill, Denver, 
Colorado. 

Moseley, Edwin L. 
Ohio. 



, Bowling Green, 
Manhattan, Kan- 



Nabours, Robert K. 

sas. 
Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 
Nylander, Olaf Olsson, Caribou, Maine. 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago. 
Oyarzum, Dr. Aureliano, Santiago, 
Chile. 

Pabst, Miss Marie, Chicago. 
Paine, Gustavus Swift, New York. 
Patterson, Bryan, Chicago. 
Phelps, William H., Caracas, Vene- 
zuela. 
Pope, Clifford H., Winnetka, Illinois. 

Quimby, George I., Jr., Chicago. 

Riggs, Elmer S., Lawrence, Kansas. 

Ross, Miss Lillian, Chicago. 

Rubin de La Bordolla, Dr. Daniel F., 
Mexico City, Mexico. 

Russell, William H., Bethlehem, Con- 
necticut. 

Sanborn, Captain C. C, Chicago. 
Sarkar, Professor Benoy Kumar, Cal- 
cutta, India. 



-82- 



LIBRARY— ACCESSIONS (Continued) 



Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago. 
Schulman, Edmund, Tucson, Arizona. 
Seevers, Dr. Charles, Chicago. 
Sherflf, Dr. Earl E., Chicago. 
Smith, Solomon A., Chicago. 
Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 
Stead, David R., Sydney, Australia. 
Strong, Dr. R. M., Chicago. 
Strong, Dr. William D., New York. 

Thompson, J. Eric, Harvard, Massa- 
chusetts. 



Torre-Bueno, J. R. de la, Tucson, Ari- 
zona. 

Trowbridge, Miss Minnie S., Tucson, 
Arizona. 

Vincent, Miss Edith, Chicago. 

Walch, Mrs. F. C, Clintonville, Wis- 
consin. 
Weed, Alfred C, Chicago. 
Wenzel, Rupert L., Chicago. 
Wilbur, Dr. C. Martin, Chicago. 
WiUis, Bailey, Stanford, California. 
Woods, Miss Josephine H., New York. 



-83- 



ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION 



STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, a.d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Wow, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by \'irtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 

ISeal] Secretary of State. 

TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, 0. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 
Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 

-84- 



Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
WiUiam E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream., Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, PhiHp D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ] 

I- ss. 
Cook County J 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE OF NAME 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE OF NAME 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the Secretary 
of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



85- 



AMENDED BY-LAWS 



DECEMBER, 1941 
ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of twelve classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Corresponding Members, Benefactors, Contributors, 
Life Members, Non-Resident Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident 
Associate Members, Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury- the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
\'ice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by \irtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Corresponding Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
scientists or patrons of science residing in foreign countries, who render important 
service to the Museum. They shall be elected by the Board of Trustees at any 
of its meetings. They shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy all courtesies 
of the Museum. 

Section 7. Any person contributing to the Museum One Thousand Dollars 
($1,000.00) or more in cash, securities, or material, may be elected a Contributor 
of the Museum. Contributors shall be exempt from all dues and shall enjoy 
all courtesies of the Museum. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that 
are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 9. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum of 
One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the vote of the Board, 
become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall be entitled to tickets admitting Member and members of family, includ- 
ing non-resident home guests; all publications of the Museum issued during the 

-86- 



period of their membership, if so desired; reserved seats for all lectures and enter- 
tainments under the auspices of the Museum, provided reservation is requested in 
advance; and admission of holder of membership and accompanying party to all 
special exhibits and Museum functions day or evening. Any person residing fifty 
miles or more from the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty 
Dollars ($50.00~) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Xon-Resident Associate Member. Xon-Resident Associate Members 
shall be exempt from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies 
of the Museum that are accorded to Associate Alembers. 

Section 10. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the Member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such 
other Museum documents or publications issued during the period of their mem- 
bership as may be requested in writing. WTien a Sustaining Member has paid the 
annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such Member shall be entitled to become an 
Associate Member. 

Section 11. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the Member 
to a card of admission for the Member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the Member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of everj^ museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-operative 
interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets for any 
lectures given under the auspices of any of the museums during a visit to the cities 
in which the co-operative museums are located. 

Section 12. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of Trustees 
may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of the month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary' upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 

HONOR.ARY TRUSTEES 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, any Trustee who by reason of inability, on account of 
change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer in 
such capacity shall resign his place upon the Board, may be elected, by a majority 
of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary Trustee for life. 
Such Honorary Trustee v\ill receive notice of all meetings of the Board of Trustees, 
whether regular or special, and will be expected to be present at all such meetings 

-87- 



and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an Honorary Trustee shall not 
have the right to vote. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secretary 
and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Tnistees, a 
majority of those present and voting being necessar>' to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members of 
the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 
the treasurer 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo- 
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 
Committee. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to the 
joint order of the following officers, namely: the President or one of the Vice- 
Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the Finance 
Committee of the Museum. The President or any one of the Vice-Presidents, 
jointly with either the Chairman or any one of the other members of the Finance 
Committee, are authorized and empowered (a) to sell, assign and transfer as a 
whole or in part the securities owned by or registered in the name of Field Museum 
of Natural History, and, for that purpose, to endorse certificates in blank or to 
a named person, appoint one or more attorneys, and execute such other instru- 
ments as may be necessary, and (b) to cause any securities belonging to this Corpo- 
ration now, or acquired in the future, to be held or registered in the name or names 
of a nominee or nominees designated by them. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund. 
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director 
and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director, 
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the 
absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice- 
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

ARTICLE VI 

the director 

Section L The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 

-88- 



of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its Com- 
mittees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication between the 
Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology, and Zoology — each under the charge of a Chief 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Chief Curators shall be 
appointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall serve 
during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the scientific Depart- 
ments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon the recommendation 
of the Chief Curators of the respective Departments. The Director shall have 
authority to employ and remove all other employees of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the preNious month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, re^iewing the 
work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in pamphlet 
form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free distribution 
in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

THE AUDITOR 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, setting 
forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times as 
may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all bills 
rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 
committees 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension, and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of six members, the 
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the 
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four 
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and 
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali- 
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate 
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are 
named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be Chair- 
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice- 
Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of the 
absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 

-89- 



to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintonanco and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the Board, 
the expenditures stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 

nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Committee, 
the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three members 
of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted at the 
ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual Meeting 
in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture courses, 
and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. The By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting of the 
Board of Trustees by a two-thirds vote of all the members present, provided 
the amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 



90- 



FOUNDER 

Marshall Field* 



BENEFACTORS 

Those who have contributed $1 00,000 or more to the Museum 



Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S.* 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 
* Deceased 



Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham,HarlowN.* 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Rawson, Frederick H.* 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise 



Raymond, James Nelson" 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 
Ryerson, Mrs. 
Martin A.* 

Simpson, James* 
Smith, Mrs. Frances 

Gaylord* 
Smith, George T.* 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 



Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Harris, Albert W. 



Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf Sargent, Homer E. 

Adolf, Crown Prince of Sprague, Albert A. 

^^^^®" Suarez, Mrs. Diego 
McCormick, Stanley 



Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 



Vernay, Arthur S. 



PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 



Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1942 
Probst, Edward 



Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 



91- 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 



Breuil, Abbe Henri 
Christensen, Dr. Carl 
Diels, Dr. Ludwig 



Hochreutiner, Dr. B. P. 

Georges 
Humbert, Professor 

Henri 



Keissler, Dr. Karl 

Keith, Professor Sir 
Arthur 



CONTRIBUTORS 

Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Museum 
in money or materials 



$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Adams, Mrs. Edith 
Almy* 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R.* 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 
Murphy, Walter P.* 
Porter, George F.* 
Rosenwald, Julius* 
Vernay, Arthur S. 
White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Armour, Allison V.* 
Armour, P. D.* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chalmers, Mrs. Joan A.* 
Chalmers, William J.* 

 Deceased 



Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

Insull, Samuel* 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold* 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 

Mandel, Leon 
McCormick, Cyrus 

(Estate) 
McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W.* 
Rockefeller Foundation, 
The 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H.* 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 
American Friends of 

China 
Avery, Sewell L, 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay* 

Crane, R. T.* 



Doane, J. W.* 

Field, Dr. Henry 
Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II* 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

MacLean, Mrs. M. 

Haddon 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton* 
Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Salie, Prince M. U. M. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Storey, William Benson* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thorne, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

Valentine, Louis L.* 



$1,000 to $5,000 

Avery, Miss Clara A.* 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E.* 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Bishop, Dr. Louis B. 
Blair, Watson F.* 



92- 



Blaschke, Stanley 

Field 
Block, Mrs. Helen M.* 
Borden, John 
Brown, Charles Edward 

Chicago Zoological 

Society, The 
Coburn, Mrs. Annie S.* 
Crocker, Templeton 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. * 

Doering, 0. C. 

Fish, Mrs. Frederick S. 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M.* 
Hill, James J,* 

* Deceased 



CONTRIBUTORS (Continued) 

Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hoffman, Miss Malvina 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, F. G. 
James, S. L. 

Knickerbocker, 
Charles K.* 



Lee Ling Yiin 
Lerner, Michael 
Look, Alfred A. 

Mandel, Fred L., Jr. 
Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H.* 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 
Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H. 



Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J.* 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F.* 
Raymond, Charles E.* 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Rumely, William N.* 

Schwab, Martin C. 
Schweppe, Charles H.* 
Shaw, William W. 
Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Thompson, E. H.* 
Thorne, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Wheeler, Leslie* 
Willis, L. M. 



Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. Richardson, George A. 



Blair, W. McCormick 
Block, Leopold E. 
Borden, John 

Calderini, Charles J. 
Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Crane 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 



Fenton, Howard W. 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hancock, G. Allan 
Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

McCulloch, Charles A. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1942 
Probst, Edward 



Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Straus, Mrs. Oscar 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Suarez, Mrs. Diego 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Wetten, Albert H. 
White, Harold A. 
Wilson, John P. 



LIFE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Adler, Max 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 



Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Ascoli, Mrs. Max 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babson, Henry B. 



Bacon, Edward 
Richardson, Jr. 

Banks, Alexander F. 

Barnhart, Miss 
Gracia M. F. 

Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 



-93 



LIFE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Dibell 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, Leopold E. 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, Charles 

Edward 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton L 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carpenter, Mrs. John 

Alden 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Collins, William M. 
Connor, Ronnoc Hill 
Conover, Boardman 
Cook, Mrs. Daphne 

Field 
Corley, F. D. 
Cramer, Corwith 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, Walter J. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 



Drake, John B. 
Durand, Scott S. 

Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Epstein, Max 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farnum, Henry W. 
Farr, Newton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Fernald, Charles 
Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A. 
Heineman, Oscar 
Hemmens, Mrs. 

Walter P. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hixon, Robert 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 



Kelley, Russell P. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Ladd, John 
Lament, Robert P. 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lowden, Frank O. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Mason, William S. 
McBain, Hughston M. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCulIoch, Charles A. 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
Mclnnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLennan, D. R. 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H. 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 

Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honor6 
Palmer, Potter 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Pick, Albert 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Prentice, Mrs. 
Clarence C. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 
Louise 



94 



LIFE MEMBERS {Continued) 



Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Rinaldo, Mrs. Philip S. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Field 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Ryerson, Edward 

L., Jr. 

Seabury, Charles W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 



Abbott, John Jay 
Block, Philip D. 
Clark, Eugene B. 



Smith, Solomon A, 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturges, George 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, G. F., Jr. 
Swift, Harold H. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

Deceased, 1942 
Clow, William E. 

Eckhart, Mrs. B. A. 

Hastings, Samuel M. 



Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Veatch, George L. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire,Mrs.EdwardL. 
Wieboldt, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, David M. 



Murphy, Walter P. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 
Scott, Harold N. 



NON-RESIDENT LIFE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 



Coolidge, Harold J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Ellis, Ralph 

Gregg, John Wyatt 



contributed $1 00 to the Museum 

Hearne, Knox 
HoUoman, Mrs. 
Delmar W. 

Johnson, Herbert F., Jr. 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 



Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. 
Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Zerk, Oscar U. 



95- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abbott, William L. 
Abeles, Mrs. Jerome G. 
Abrahamsen, Miss Cora 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustave H. 
Adams, Mrs. Charles S. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Sprogle 
Adams, Miss Jane 
Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Joseph 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adamson, Henry T. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Aishton, Richard H. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldis, Graham 
Alexander, Mrs. Arline V. 
Alexander, Edward 
Alford, Mrs. Laura T. C. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, J. J. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W. 
Ames, Rev. Edward S. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. Alma K. 
Anderson, Miss Florence 

Regina 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Laurance H. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Armstrong, Kenneth E. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Mrs. Lloyd 



Artingstall, Samuel 

G., Jr. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashcraft, Raymond M. 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 
Atkinson, Charles T. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Henry W, 
Avery, George J. 
Ayres, Robert B. 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babb, W. E. 
Babson, Mrs. Gustavus 
Bachmann, Mrs. 

Harrold A. 
Bachmeyer, Dr. 

Arthur C. 
Bacon, Dr. Alfons R. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Bagby, John C. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bair, W. P. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Mrs. 

Katharine W. 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ball, Sidney Y. 
Ballard, Mrs. Foster K. 
Ballenger, A. G. 
Banes, W. C. 
Banks, Edgar C. 
Bannister, Miss 

Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, James J. 
Bargquist, Miss 

Lillian D. 
Barkhausen, L. H. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Osborne 
Barnes, Harold O. 
Barnes, James M. 
Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. M. 



Bartelme, John H. 
Bartholomae, Mrs. Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Basile, William B. 
Basta, George A. 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Bauer, Aleck 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Wilhelm 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. Walter F. 
Beck, Alexander 
Beck von Peccoz, 

Baroness Martha 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Bender, Charles J. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, Professor 

J. Gardner 
Benson, John 
Benson, Mrs. 

Thaddeus R. 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berger, Dr. John M. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berkson, Mrs. Maurice 
Berry, V. D. 
Berryman, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertol, Miss Aurelia 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bichl, Thomas A. 



-96- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Biddle, Robert C. 
Bidwell, Charles W. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, W. McCormick 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Wicks 
Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blecker, Mrs. 

Michael, Jr. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Blish, Sylvester 
Block, Joseph L. 
Block, Leigh B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Philip D., Jr. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bloss, Mrs. Sidney M. 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Boberg, Niels 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boone, Arthur 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E, 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borowitz, David 
Borwell, Robert C. 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Boulton, Mrs. Rudyerd 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

DeKoven 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 



Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Sturges 
Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 
Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge, 

Professor S. P. 
Bremner, Mrs. 

David F., Ji*. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennan, Mrs. George E. 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brenner, S. L. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridges, Arnold 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Mrs. Bradford 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. Everett C. 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Dr. Joshua M. 
Brown, Mark A. 
Brown, Scott 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Buddig, Carl 
Buehler, Mrs. Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 



Buettner, Walter J, 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Bunte, Mrs, Theodore W. 
Burbott, E. W. 
Burch, Clayton B. 
Burchmore, John S. 
Burdick, Mrs. Alfred S. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgmeier, John M. 
Burgstreser, Newton 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Dewes 
Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burley, Mrs. Clarence A. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burry, Mrs. William 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caine, John F. 
Caine, Leon J. 
Callender, Mrs. 

Joseph E. 
Calmeyn, Frank B. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur 

Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr.. 
Canman, Richard W. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Cardelli, Mrs. Giovanni 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter,Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George 

Sturges 
Carpenter, Hubbard 



97- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Sturges, II 
Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Caniueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, M rs. Armistead B. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Ca.sselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Cates, Dudley 
Cerling, Fredolph A. 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapin, William Arthur 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Cherones, George D. 
Cherry, Walter L., Jr. 
Childs, Mrs. C. 

Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. George W. 
Chinnock, Mrs. Ronald J. 
Chisholm, George D. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Mi.ss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Miss Dorothy S. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F, 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clay, John 

Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
ClifiFord, Fred J., Jr. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clonick, Seymour E. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coath, V. W. 
Cochran, John L. 
Coffin, Fred Y. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Coleman, Clarence L., Jr. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 



Coleman, Loring W. 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colvin, Miss Catharine 
Colvin, Miss Jessie 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, Mrs. 

Arthur H. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S. 
Cook, Jonathan Miller 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coolidge, Dr. Edgar D. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, Da\id 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Corbus, Mrs. B. 

Clarke. Jr. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Cox, William D. 
Coyle, C. H. ' 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crane, Charles R.. II 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Clara 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Cummings, Mrs. D. 

Mark 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Frances S. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Austin 

Guthrie, Jr. 



Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cushman, Barney 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cuttle, Harold E. 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dalmar, Mrs. Hugo 
Dalmar, Hugo, Jr. 
Dammann, J. F. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Dangel, W. H. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Darlington, Joseph F. 
Darrow, Paul E. 
Dashiell, C. R. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce E. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 

Alexander L. 
Davidson, David W. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, Brode B. 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, James 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Dr. Nathan 

S., Ill 
Dawes, E. L. 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deane, Mrs. Ruthven 
Decker, Charles 0. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
DeDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Porter 
Denkewalter, W. E. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C, Jr. 
Denney, Ellis H. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 



-98- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dick, Edison 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Mrs. 

Thompson 
Diehl, Harry L. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dimmer, Miss 

Elizabeth G. 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, George W., Jr. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Mrs. 

Edmund J., Jr. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Gaylord 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Dorocke, Joseph, Jr. 
Dorschel, Q. P. 
Douglas, James 

H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Mrs. W. A. 
Drake, Lyman M. 
Dreutzer, Carl 
Dreyfus, Mrs. Moise 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy 

Belle 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Mrs. N. E. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 



Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, Mrs. Louis 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
EgloflF, Dr. Gustav 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eichengreen, Edmund K. 
Eiseman, Fred R. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, William B. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Max 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Elich, Robert William 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Ellbogen, Miss Celia 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Emery, Edward W. 
Engberg, Miss Ruth M. 
Engel, E. J. 
Engel, Miss Henrietta 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Erickson, Donovan Y. 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
EtsHokin, Louis 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Evan A. 
Ewen, William R. T. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 



Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feigenheimer, Herman 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

George 
Feltman, Charles H. 
Fennekohl, Mrs. 

Arthur C. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank F. 
Fetcher, Edwin S. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filkins, A. J. 
Findlay, Mrs. Roderick 
Fineman, Oscar 
Finley, Max H. 
Finnegan, Richard J. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Helen S. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Metcalf 
Fisher, George F. 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Flavin, Edwin F. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flexner, Washington 
Flood, Walter H. 
Florsheim, Harold M. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Florsheim, Mrs. 

Milton S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. A. E. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Willis Roland 
Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Fowler, Miss Elizabeth 



99 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Fox, Dr. Philip 
Frank, Arthur A. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. 

Lester E., Jr. 
Frazer, Mrs. George E. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeland, Dr. M. R. 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freer, Archibald E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
Friend, Mrs. Henry K. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Sumner 
Fuller, Mrs. Gretta 

Patterson 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Furry, William S. 
Furst, Eduard A. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Adam 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Mrs. John J. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Gait, Mrs. A. T. 
Gamble, D. E. 
Gamble, James A. 
Gann, David B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardiner, Mrs. John L. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garen, Joseph F. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gates, Mrs. L. F. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 



Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
Geiger, Alfred B. 
Gelling, Dr. E. M. K. 
Gellert, Donald N. 
Gentz, Miss Margaret 

Nina 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
Georgs, Fred W. 
Gerber, Max 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gettelman, Mrs. 

Sidney H. 
Getz, Mrs. James R. 
GetzofF, E. B. 
Gibbs, Richard F. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gidwitz, Alan K. 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Gifford, Mrs. 

Frederick C. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. 

William Albert 
Giles, Carl C. 
Giles, Mrs. Guy H. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gillson, Louis K. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 
Golding, Robert N. 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldsmith, Mitchel 
Goldstein, Nathan S. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goltra, Mrs. William B. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodwin, Clarence 

Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Miss Bertha F. 
Gordon, Harold J. 
Gordon, Dr. Richard J. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 



Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Grade, Joseph Y. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Grawoig, Allen 
Gray, Dr. Earle 
Gray, Edward 
Green, Miss Mary 

Pomeroy 
Green, Robert D. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, James E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Brooks 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gressens, Otto 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin O. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gurman, Samuel P. 
Guthman, Edwin I. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 



100- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Haffner, Mrs. 

Charles C, Jr. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Fred B. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammitt, Miss 

Frances M. 
Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, John Cowden 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harms, Van Deursen 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hayden B. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Hartz, W. Homer 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haugan, Oscar H. 
Havens, Samuel M. 
Hay, Mrs. William 

Sherman 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 



Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Hazlett, Mrs. William H. 
Healy, Vincent Jerrems 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heck, John 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heide, John H., Jr. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heisler, Francis 
Hejna, Joseph F. 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Dr. Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Henry, Otto 
Henschel, Edmund C. 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertzberg, Lawrence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Herz, Mrs. Alfred 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, William C. 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hills, Edward R. 



Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hind, Mrs. John Dwight 
Hinkle, Ross O. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Mrs. Frank P. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hoffmann, Edward 

Hempstead 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holabird, W. S., Jr. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Holliday, W. J. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmburger, Max 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, J. A. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Mrs. Frank K. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. 

James M., Jr. 
Horcher, William W. 
Home, Mrs. William 

Dodge, Jr. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. 

Maurice L., Jr. 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Horween, Arnold 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Mrs. Pierce 

Lyman 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 



-101- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Howes, Mrs. Frank W. 
Howse, Richard G. 
Hovne, Thomas Temple 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Huev, Mrs. A. S. 
Huff, Thoma.s D. 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Huggins, Dr. Ben H. 
Hughes, George A. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert. Mrs. Milan H. 
Hume, John T. 
Humphrey, H. K. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hyatt, R. C. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Illich, George M., Jr. 
Ingalls, Allin K. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Jackson, Miss Laura E. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Louis G. 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S. 
James, Edward P. 
James, William R. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarratt, Mrs. R. J. 
Jeffries, F. L. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 



Jenkinson, Mrs. 

Arthur Gilbert 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Dr. Adelaide 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, H. C. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Alden 
Johnson, Joseph M. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

McBean 
Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Miss Susan E. 
Joseph, Mrs. Jacob G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judson, Clay 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kanter, Jerome J. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karcher, Mrs. Leonardo. 
Karpen, Michael 
Kasch, Frederick M. 
Kaspar, Otto 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Katzenstein, Mrs. 

George P. 
Katzin, Frank 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kaufmann, Dr. 

Gustav L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kavanagh, Maurice F. 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 



Keehn, George W. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Keith, Mrs. Stanley 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, Mrs. Haven Core 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kemper, Hathaway G. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Mrs. E. J. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, H. A. 
Kern, Trude 
Kersey, Glen B. 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Kettering, Mrs. 

Eugene W. 
Kiessling, Mrs. Charles S. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimball, William W. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Clinton B. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Weymouth 
Kitchen, Howell W. 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Knox, Harry S. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred J. 
Koch, Raymond J. 
Kochs, August 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 



-102 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Kohlsaat, Edward C. 

Komiss, David S. 

Konsberg, Alvin V. 

Kopf, Miss Isabel 

Koppenaal, Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thompson 

Kosobud, William F. 

Kotal, John A. 

Kotin, George N. 

Koucky, Dr. J. D. 

Kovac, Stefan 

Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 

Kraft, C. H. 

Kraft, James L. 

Kraft, Norman 

Kralovec, Emil G. 

Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 

Kramer, Leroy 

Kraus, Peter J. 

Kraus, Samuel B. 

Krause, John J. 

Kretschmer, Dr. 
Herman L. 

Kretschmer, Herman 
L., Jr. 

KropfF, C. G. 

Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 

Krueger, Leopold A. 

Krutckoff, Charles 

Kuehn, A. L. 

Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 

Kuhl, Harry J. 

Kuhn, Frederick T. 

Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 

Kunka, Bernard J. 

Kunstadter, Albert 

Kunstadter, Sigmund W. 

Kurfess, John Fredric 

Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langenbach,Mrs.AliceR. 
Langhorne, George 

Tayloe 
Langworthy, Benjamin 

Franklin 
Lanman, E. B. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larson, Mrs. George E. 



Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Law, Mrs. Robert 0. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, David A. 
Laylander, 0. J. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavens, Theodore 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lebold, Foreman N. 
Lebold, Samuel N. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lee, David Arthur 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
Leland, Mrs. Roscoe G. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lennon, George W. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, Dr. Eleanor I. 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levis, Mrs. Albert Cotter 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellis R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
Liebman, A. J. 
Ligman, Rev. Thaddeus 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lindholm, Charles V. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Linton, Ben B. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. 

Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Lloyd, William Bross 



Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loesch, Frank J. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, L. B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 
Louer, Albert E. M. 
Louis, Mrs. John J. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lutter, Henry J. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 

Maass, J. Edward 
MacDonald, E. K. 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
MacMurray, Mrs. 

Donald 
Madlener, Mrs. 

Albert F., Jr. 
Madlener, Otto 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magerstadt, Madeline 
Magill, John R. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnuson, Mrs. Paul 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Maling, Albert 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 
Mandel, Miss Florence 



103- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {Continued) 



Mandel, Mrs. Robert 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Manning, Miss 

Cordelia Ann 
Marcus, Maurice S. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marquis, A. N. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John 

McWilliams, II 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Marston, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, George F. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Marwick, Maurice 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massena, Roy 
Massey, Peter J. 
Masterson, Peter 
Mathasius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson, J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Maxant. Basil 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Frank D. 
Mayer, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Mayer, Herman J., Jr. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAllister, Sydney G. 
McAloon, Owen J. 
McArthur, Billings M. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCausIand, Mrs. 

Clara L. 
McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

Harry 



McCormick, Mrs. 

Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Chauncey 
McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, Robert 

H., Jr. 
McCoy, Herbert N. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McCreight, Miss 

Gladys Alizabeth 
McCreight, Louis Ralph 
McDonald, E. F., Jr. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal.Mrs. JamasB. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGraw, Max 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
McHugh, Mrs. Grover 
Mclnerney, John L. 
Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. 

Walter G. 
McKenna, Dr. Charles H. 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McMenemy, Logan T. 
McMillan, James G. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McXamee, Peter F. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVoy, John M. 
Mead, Dr. Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melcher, George Clinch 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Merriam, Miss Eleanor 
Merrill, William W. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyers, Erwin A. 
Michaels, Everett B. 
Midowicz, C. E. 
Milburn, Miss Anne L. 
Milhening, Frank 
Miller, Miss Bertie E. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 



Miller, Mrs. Donald J. 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive 

Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Mrs. Phillip 
Miller, R. T. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Fred L. 
Mills. Mrs. William S. 
Miner, Dr. Carl S. 
Miner, H. J. 
Minotto, Mrs. James 
Minturn, Benjamin E. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Mrs. Lolita A. 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
Mollan, Mrs. Feme T. 
MoUoy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. 

Kendrick E. 
Morris, Edward H. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Mortenson, Mrs. Jacob 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 



-104- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Mouat, Andrew J. 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Moyer, Mrs. Paul S. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Miss Hedwig H. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss 

Melinda Jane 
Mulhern, Edward F, 
Mulholand, William H. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Munroe, Moray 
Murphy, Mrs. Helen C. 
Murphy, Joseph D. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman,Dr.GeorgeH. 

Naber, Henry G. 
Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nahigian, Sarkis H. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nast, Mrs. A. D. 
Nathan, Claude 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Arthur W. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher, Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuflfer, Paul A, 
Neumann, Arthur E. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Newhouse, Karl 
Newman, Mrs. Albert A. 
Newman, Charles H. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. 

George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Nilsson, Mrs. 

Goodwin M. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norman, Harold W. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 



Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. 

Hermien D. 
Nyman, Dr, John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberf elder, Walter S. 
Obermaier, John A. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Miss Janet 
Odell, William R. 
Odell, William R., Jr. 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
OfReld, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Oliver, Gene G. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Miss Agnes J. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur 0. 
Olson, Gustaf 
Olson, Rudolph J. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harry D. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orr, Thomas C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Augustus 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Owings, Mrs. 

Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardee, Harvey 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park, R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. J. William 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Troy L. 



Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Pashkow, A. D. 
Patterson, Mrs. L. B. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Payne, Professor James 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peel, Richard H. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Mortimer 

Nelson 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, Mrs. I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Pfaelzer, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps, Mason 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillips, Dr. Herbert 

Morrow 
Phillips, Mervyn C. 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
Pick, Frederic G. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul, Jr. 
Pierson, Joseph B. 
Pink, Mrs. Ira M. 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Plapp, Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plunkett, William H. 



105- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS {Continued) 



Pobloske, Albert C. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Hayes 
Pohn, Jacob S. 
Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Arthur 
Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor, Fred A. 
Pope, Henry 
Pope, Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henry J. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H. 
Porter, Louis 
Porter, Mrs. Sidney S. 
Porterfield, Mrs. John F. 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Pottenger, Miss 

Zipporah Herrick 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Prentice, John K. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Proxmire, Dr. 

Theodore Stanley 
Prussing, Mrs. R. E. 
Pucci, Lawrence 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purcey, Victor W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 
Puttkammer, E. W. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quigley, William J. 

Raber, Franklin 
RachefF, Ivan 
Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Radniecki, Rev. Stanley 
RafiF, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Ir\ing 
Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Ravenscroft, Edward H. 



Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Reach, William 
Redfield, William M. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redmond, Forrest H. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. Lila H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regan, Mrs. Robert G. 
Regenstein, Joseph 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
ReQua, Haven A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Elmer 
Rich, Harry 
Richards, J. DeForest 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Richter, Mrs Adelyn W. 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ridgeway, Ernest 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. 

Julius H. 
Rieser, Leonard M. 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Roberts, John M. 
Roberts, Dr. S. M. 
Roberts, Shepherd M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William 

Munsell 
Robertson, John P. 
Robson, Miss Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas 

Clifford 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 



Roehm, George R. 
Roesch, Frank P. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Mrs. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Rogers, Edward S. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogers, Walter A. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosborough, Dr. Paul A. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, M. J. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, Mrs. 

Morris S. 
Rosenthal, James 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenthal, Samuel R. 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Julius 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Hochsinger 
Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

William 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubovits, Theodore 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Henry 
Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruettinger, John W. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Mrs. William A. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salisbury, Mrs. 

W'arren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sample, John Glen 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Santini, Mrs. Randolph 



-106- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sawyer, Ainslie Y. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schafer, 0. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaffner, Robert C. 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman, A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schurig, Robert Roy 
Schuyler, Mrs. 
Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwander, J. J. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Miss Maud E. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Sears, Miss Dorothy 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Sedgwick, C. Galen 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, Edwin A., Jr. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. C. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 



Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shambaugh,Dr.GeorgeE. 
Shanahan, Mrs. David E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Arch W. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. 

Francis C, Sr. 
Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Short, J. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. 

Edward DeWitt 
Sidley, William P. 
Siebel, Mrs. Ewald H. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simpson, John M. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sinsheimer, Allen 
Sisskind, Louis 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace 

Powell 
Skleba, Dr. Leonard F. 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Smith, Charles Herbert 
Smith, Clinton F. 
Smith, Mrs. E. A. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Mrs. 

Katharine Walker 
Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Miss Marion D. 



Smith, Paul C. 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

White 
Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Fred A. 
Snyder, Harry 
Socrates, Nicholas A. 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, James P., Jr. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Spencer, Mrs. Egbert H. 
Spencer, Mrs. William M. 
Sperry, Mrs. Leonard M. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Spiegel, Mrs. 

Frederick W. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spohn, John F. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Spray, Cranston 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanley, Sinclair G. 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stanton, Edgar 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starbird, Miss Myrtle I. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steele, W. D. 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Steinberg, Dr. Milton 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephan, Mrs. John 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Gardner H. 
Stern, Maurice S. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 



-107- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Contuiued) 



Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevenson, Dr. 

Alexander V. 
Stevenson, Kn^val 
Stewart, Miss 

KRlantino Daisy 
Stewart, Miss 

Mercedes Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, EuRene M. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Stone, Mrs. Theodore 
Straus, David 
Straus, Henry H. 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Ivan 
Strauss, John L. 
Straw, Mrs. H. Foster 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Mrs. Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sullivan, John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L, 
Sutcliffo, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swan, Oscar H. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Aubrey L. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 
Sylvester, Miss Ada I. 

Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tarrant, Robert 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, Herbert J. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor. William G. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 



Thomas, Mrs. Florence T. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, .\rthur H. 
Thomp.son, F^dward F. 
Thompson, Floyd E. 
Thompson, P'red L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John E. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Titzel, Dr. W. R. 
Tobey, William Robert 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towler, Kenneth F'. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Traer, Glenn W. 
Trask, Arthur C. 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Trees, Merle J. 
Trenkmann, Richard A. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Mrs. 

Alexander Buel, Jr. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
True, Charles H. 
Tumpeer, Joseph J. 
Turck, J. A. V. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuthill, Gray B. 
Tuttle, Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 

UUmann, Herbert S. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Vacin, Emil F. 
Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanArtsdale, Mrs. Flora 
Van Cleef, IVIrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDeventer, 
Christopher 
Vanek, John C. 
VanSchaack, R. H., Jr. 



VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Vaughan, Leonard H. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Verson, David C. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, F. K. 

Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vierling, Mrs. Louis 
Vogl, Otto 
Volicas, Dr. John N. 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

Thomsen- 
vonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Voorhees, H. Belin 
Voynow, Edward E. 

Wager, William 
Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, Samuel J. 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, Mrs. Edward C. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
W^allox-ick, J. H. 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Ward, Edwin J. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Wares, Mrs. Helen Worth 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warner, Mrs. John Eliot 
W'arren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Paul G. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Washburne, Clarke 
W^ashburne, 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
W'ayman, Charles A, G. 
W^eaver, Charles A. 
Weber, Mrs. Will S. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
W^ebster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Henry A. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 



-108- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Wegner, Charles T., Jr. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weiss, Siegfried 
Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Kenneth 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wendell, Barrett 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wentworth, Mrs. 

Sylvia B. 
Werner, Frank A. 
Wertheimer, Joseph 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
West, Thomas H. 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, James E. 
White, Joseph J. 



Adams, Benjamin 

Stearns 
Albee, Mrs. Harry W. 

Beatty, H. W. 
Bennett, Reid M. 
Bischoflf, Dr. Fred 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Burnham, Frederic 
Butz, Robert 0, 

Cable, J. Elmer 
Carney, Thomas J. 
Chappell, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Clark, Dr. Peter S. 
Crowder, Dr. Thomas R. 
Culbertson, Dr. Carey 



White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whittier, C. C. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilker, Mrs. Milton W. 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 

George L. 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Harry Lee 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Willner, Benton Jack, Jr. 
Wills, H. E. 
Wilms, Hermann P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Wilson, William 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston,Mrs.BertramM, 
Winston, Hampden 

Deceased, 1942 
DeLee, Dr. Joseph B. 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 

Ewen, William R. T. 

Flexner, Washington 
Foote, Peter 
Franklin, Mrs. George 

DeHaven 
Frisbie, Chauncey 0. 

Gale, Henry G. 
Geringer, Charles M. 
Gibbs, Dr. John Phillip 
Gillson, Louis K. 
Gregory, Clifford V. 
Grimm, Walter H. 



Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Witkowsky, Leon 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Harold F. 
Wood, John H. 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Worcester, Mrs, 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Works, George A, 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Yorkey, Mrs. Margaret 
Young, B. Botsford 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zabel, Mrs. Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer J. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zinke, Otto A. 
Zork, David 



Grotowski, Dr. Leon 
Gundlach, Ernest T. 

Harvey, Hillman H. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Hillis, Dr. David S. 
Hohman, Dr. E. H. 
Hosmer, Philip B. 

Jacques, Mrs. Louis 

Tallmadge 
Johnson, H. C. 
Johnstone, George A. 

Kimball, Mrs. Curtis N. 
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene 
Underwood 



109- 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS (Continued) 



Kirohheimpr, Max 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Kuh, George E. 

Lt'hmann, Miss 

Augusta E. 
Lirulijuist, J. E. 
Long, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Louer, Albert S. 
Ludlow, Mrs. H. 

Durward 

Moltz, Mrs. Alice 

Ouska, John A. 
Overton, George W. 



Pollock, Dr. Harry L. 
Pope, Frank 

Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Ridgway, William 
Rowe, Edgar C. 
Ruel, John G. 

Seaverns, George A. 
Smith, Mrs. Charles R. 
Stiger, Charles W. 
Straus, S. J. T. 

Teagle, E. W. 
Towle, Leroy C. 



Turner, Tracy L. 

Ullman, Mrs. N. J. 
Ullmann, Mrs. Albert L 

Vial, Miss Mary M. 

Wilson, Mrs. Robert 

Conover 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. 

Francis M. 
Wunderle, H. O. 

Yegge, C. Fred 



NON-RESIDENT ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 



Baum, Mrs. James 
Colby, Carl 
Dalzell, Harry G. 
Meevers, Harvey 



Mitchell, W. A. 
Niederhauser, Homer 
Phillips, Montagu Aastin 
Stevens, Edmund W. 



Deceased, 1942 
Day, Mrs. Winfield S. 



Cederlund, R. Stanley 
Chinlund, Miss Ruth E. 

Kurtz, W. O. 

Lassers, Sanford 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Mills, Lloyd Langdon Stein, Sydney, Jr. 

Page, John W. Swigart, John D. 



Perry, Peter M. 
Somers, Byron H. 



Wade, Walter A. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Abeles, Alfred T. 
Achenbach, William N. 
Adamowski, Benjamin S. 
Adams, A. Jf. 
Adams, Cyrus H. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, Hugh R., Jr. 
Addington, Mrs. James R. 
Adler, Jay 
Adler, Sidney 



Adsit, Harold C. 
Agger, Jens 
Alessio, Frank 
Alexander, John F. 
Allbright, John G. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Frank W. 
Allen, John D. 
Allen, William R. 
Allman, George D. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 



Altheimer, Ben J. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, Harold V. 
Amberg, Miss Mary 

Agnes 
Amberson, Dr. Julius M. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Herbert W. 
Anderson, J. A. 
Anderson, Miss Sadie 

Maud 



-110- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Andrews, Robert 

Armstrong 
Andrus, Royal V. 
Angelopoulos, Archie 
Antrim, E. M. 
Anzel, Mrs. M. S. 
Applegate, Mrs. Harry R. 
Appleton, Mrs. Arthur I. 
Arado, A. D. 
Aranoff, Kenneth 
Arcus, James S. 
Arden, Percy H. 
Armbruster, F. C. 
Arndt, Albert 
Arnold, Mrs. J. Bertley 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J. 
Aschermann, N. J. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Ashum, John H. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Austerlade, William R. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Howard 
Austrian, Mrs. H, S. 
Auty, K. A. 

Babbitt, Mrs. Ross M. 
Back, Miss Maude F. 
Bacon, Wilbur C. 
Baddin, Albert E. 
Badgley, F. I. 
Bailey, Abe C. 
Baker, Mrs. Mary E. 
Balderston, Mrs. 

Stephen V. 
Baldwin, James L. 
Balfanz, Henry W. 
Balke, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballis, Samuel R. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Barkdull, C. J. 
Barkell, C. F. 
Barker, James M. 
Barker, William R. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Osborne 
Barnes, John Potts 
Barnes, William H. 
Barr, Charles L. 
Barranco, William S. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barry, Eugene A. 
Barta, F. W. 
Barthell, Gary 
Bartholomay, Henry C. 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bass, Charles 
Bates, George A. 
Bates, Harry A. 
Baumann, Harry P. 



Bean, Edward H. 

Beasley, Dr. Edward W. 

Beatty, Ross J., Jr. 

Becker, Matthew G. 

Beckler, R. M. 

Beckman, William H. 

Beers-Jones, L. 

Behrens, Mrs. Herman A. 

Behrens, Miss Jessie V. 

Beifus, Morris 

Bell, Herbert E. 

Bellows, Charles A. 

Bender, Mrs. Charles 

Bengtson, J. Ludvig 

Benner, Miss Harriet 

Bennett, Dwight W. 

Bennington, Harold 

Bensinger, Robert F. 

Bent, John P. 

Bentley, Richard 

Berg, Sigard E. 

Berger, E. M. 

Berger, R. O. 

Bergh, Ross F. 

Berman, Irving 

Berman, Joseph L. 

Bernstein, George E. 

Berry, Edward L. 

Best, Mrs. Bessie J. 

Bestel, Oliver A. 

Beven, J. L. 

Biddle, Robert C. 

Biesel, Fred 

Biety, Joseph D. 
Biggio, Mrs. Louise T. 
Biggs, Mrs. Joseph Henry 
Billings, P. S. 
Bird, Herbert J. 
Birdsall, Lewis I. 
Black, J. Walker 
Black, John D. 
Blair, Mrs. 

W. McCormick 
Blake, Mrs. Freeman K. 
Blalock, Miss Josephine 
Block, Mrs. Joseph L. 
Block, Milton D. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloom, H. L. 
Blumberg, Nathan S. 
Blume, Ernest 
Blumenthal, Barre 
Blunt, Carleton 
Blythe, Mrs. J. W. 
Boeger, William F. 
Bogoff, Henry 
Bohrer, Randolph 
Bokman, Dr. A. F. 
Bond, William A. 
Bond, William Scott 
Bonfield, Paul H. 
Booth, Sheldon M. 



Bopp, Andrew R. 

Borland, C. A. 

Bornhoeft, John W. 

Borrowdale, Thomas M. 

Boss, John H. 

Bost, W. Dale 

Bothman, Dr. Louis 

Boulware, L. R. 

Bourke, Dr. Henry P. 

Bowers, Ralph E. 

Bowers, Seward H. 

Bowes, Mrs. Arthur S. 

Bowes, W. R. 

Bowman, Jay 

Boyd, Darrell S. 

Boyd, Mrs. Henry W. 

Boyle, James S. 

Brachvogel, Mrs. 
Christiana 

Braden, Zedrick T. 

Bradley, Mrs. 
Benjamin W. 

Brand, Gustave A. 

Brandel, Paul W. 

Brandt, Fred T. 

Bransley, Arthur A. 

Brashears, J. W. 

Braun, G. A. 

Breen, Edwin T. 

Breen, James W. 

Bremner, Dr. M. D. K. 

Brennom, Dr. Elmo F. 

Breskin, Louis A. 

Bretschneider, John P. 
Brettman, Herbert P. 
Brewer, Everett Robert 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brewster, William E. 
Briggs, Ralph E. 
Brine, John H. 
Briney, Dr. William F. 
Brodow, W. B. 
Brody, Mrs. Sidney 
Bronsky, Edward M. 
Bronwell, Richard 
Brophy, C. S. 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, H. A. 
Brown, Harlow W. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruhn, H. C. 
Bryant, T. W. 
Buchanan, Mrs. Perry B. 
BufRngton, George 
Bulk, George C. 
Bull, L. Perkins 
Bunn, B. H. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burdick, Charles B. 
Burdick, Charles S. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burridge, Mrs. Howard J. 



Ill 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Burrows, Miss Louisa L. 
Burtis, Clyde L. 
Busth, Albert 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butz, Mrs. Frank L. 
By field, Krnest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Caesar, O. E. 
Callan, T. J. 
Camenisch, Miss 

Sophia C. 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carlson, Mrs. Annetta C. 
Carlton, Mrs. Frank A. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carpenter, Robert 
Carroll, John H., Jr. 
Carstens, Edward E., Jr. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Gaspers, Mrs. 

Raymond L 
Castens, Milton S. 
Caswell, P. A. 
Cavenaugh, Robert A. 
Cerf, Floyd D. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chapman, Ralph 
Chapman, Theodore S. 
Charnock, Percival R. 
Chase, Carroll G. 
Chatain, Robert N. 
Che.ssman, L. W. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Chramer, Fredrik A. 
Chri.ssinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, E. C. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Citron, William 
Clark, A. B. 
Clark, Clarence P. 
Clark, E. L. 
Clark, N. R. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, Mrs. Robert K. 
Clark, Willard F. 
Clarke, Mrs. A. S. C. 
Clarke, David R. 
Clarke, Mrs. Philip R. 
Clayborne, N. F. 
Clements, J. A. 
Clinton, Stanford 
Clissold, Edward T. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clow, Kent S. 



Cobb, Robert M. 
Cobbey, J. A. 
Cochran, William S. 
Coen, Hyman B. 
Coen, T. M. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Harry 
Cohen, Louis L. 
Cohen, Reuben W. 
Cohn, Morris Irving 
Cole, Cornelius C. 
Cole, Leopold E. 
Cole, M. M. 
Collier, John H. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, Gard M. 
Collins, H. W. 
Combs, Earle M., Jr. 
Conant, E. D. 
Condon, Mrs. Jessie B. 
Connolly, R. E. 
Connors, Mrs. Thomas A. 
Conover, Hubert S. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Cook, Mrs. C. B. 
Cook, Junius F., Jr. 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Coombs, Dr. Arthur J. 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cope, Mrs. William H. 
Cornell, Mrs. John E. 
Corper, Erwin 
Cotsworth, Mrs. 

Albert, Jr. 
Couse, Arthur J. 
Coverley, Mrs. Cecile 
Craddock, John F. 
Cragg, Mrs. George L. 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Creevy, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Crites, Joe 
Cronkhite, A. C. 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Corning 
Crowell, Mrs. Lucius A. 
Cruttenden, Walter W. 
Cummings, Dr. C. A. 
Cummings, Mrs. Dexter 
Culbertson, James G. 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Cunningham, Secor 
Curtis, Al Martin 
Curtis, D. C. 
Cuscaden, Fred A. 
Cushman, Dr. Beulah 
Cushman, Robert S. 
Czerwiec, Joseph H. 

Dale, Thomas C. 
Dallwig, P. G. 



Dancer, Howard Mix 
Daniel, Norman 
Danielson, Reuben G. 
Danits, Samuel 
Danne, William C. 
D'Aquila, George 
Darbo, Howard H. 
Darling, Frank D. 
Darrow, William Dwight 
Daspit, Walter 
David, Sigmund W. 
Davies, Mrs. H. G. 
Davies, William B. 
Davis, Mrs. Abel 
Davis, Arthur G. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Charles S. 
Davis, Dean W. 
Davis, Don L. 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Dean, Samuel Edward 
Decker, Herbert 
Defrees, Mrs. 

Joseph H. 
Degener, August W. 
Delph, Dr. John F. 
Denison, John W. 
Deniston, Mrs. 

Albert J., Jr. 
Denson, John H. 
DePencier, Mrs. 

Joseph R. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
D'Esposito, Jo.shua 
DeWeese, Lowes E. 
Dewey, Mrs. Charles S. 
Dick, Mrs. Edison 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dillon, W. C. 
Dinkelman, Harry 
Dirckx, C. Joseph 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Dixon, Mrs. William 

Warren 
Dobricky, Stanley 
Don, Reuben 
Donahue, Elmer W. 
Donberg, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Thorne 
Dotson, Heber T. 
Douglas, Mrs. James H. 
Douglas, William C. 
Dovenmuehle, George H. 
Downs, James C, Jr. 
Drabanski, Dr. Joseph S. 
Drake, L. J. 
Drake, Robert T. 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 



-112 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 



Dressel, Charles L. 
Drever, Thomas 
Dreyfus, Maurice M. 
Drezmal, Max A. 
Drielsma, I. J. 
Driscoll, Robert 
Drucker, Samuel 
Dry, Meyer 
Drysdale, Mrs. 
John T., Jr. 
Dulsky, Louis 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunkleman, Gabriel 
Dunlap, George G. 
Durbin, Miss N. B. 

Easter, Donald W. 
Eaton, Norman Bridge 
Eckenroth, William A. 
Eckhouse, George H. 
Eckhouse, Walter L. 
Ed, Carl 

Edell, Mrs. Fred B. 
Edmonds, A. W. 
Eisenberg, David B. 
Eismann, William 
Eitel, Emil 
Eitel, Karl 
Eitel, Robert J. 
Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Eley, Ning 
Elkan, Leo H. 
Elliott, Dr. Arthur R. 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, William S. 
Ellis, Hubert C. 
Ellis, Ralph 
Elting, Winston 
Emanuele, Dr. Nicola 
Embree, Henry S. 
Embree, J. W., Jr. 
Emery, Robert B. 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Essley, E. Porter 
Ettelson, Mrs. 
Leonard B. 
Eulass, E. A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evans, F. B. 
Evans, P. Wilson 
Evers, John W., Jr. 

Facchine, Russell 
Fairlie, Mrs. Helen 
Fairman, Miss Marian 
Falkenburg, Mrs. 

Margaret 
Fallon, Dr. W. Raymond 
Falls, Dr. A. G. 
Falls, Dr. F. H. 
Fantus, Ernest L. 
Farnham, Mrs. John D. 



Farwell, Albert D. 
Fauley, Dr. Gordon B. 
Fay, Eugene C. 
Fay, George H. 
Feldman, Mrs. Helene 
Fenn, John F. 
Fennema, Nick 
Fenner, W. L. 
Ferguson, Louis A., Jr. 
Ferry, Mrs. Frank 
Fessenden, Mrs. M. G. 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, Mrs. 

Wentworth G. 
Filson, John D. 
Findlay, Mrs. 

Walstein C, Jr. 
Finney, Dr. William P. 
Fischer, Mrs. Louis E. 
Fish, Mrs. Sigmund C. 
Fisher, James G. 
Fisher, Stephen J. 
Fisher, William E. 
Fisk, Mrs. Burnham M. 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Flagler, Harold 
Flaks, Francis A. 
Fletcher, R. P. 
Flett, James 
Florsheim, Leonard S. 
Floto, J. W. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Foell, W. J. 

Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foote, Mrs. Harley T. 
Forrest, Maulsby 
Foster, George P. 
Foster, William S. 
Fowler, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Edgar C. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Walter E. 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Frankenthal, John V. 
Fraser, Norman D. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Freeman, G. A. 
Fremont, Miss Ruby 
French, George W. 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Freund, Mrs. I. H. 
Friedberg, Dr. Stanton A. 
Frieder, Edward 
Friedlob, Fred M. 
Fugard, John R. 
Fuller, J. E. 
Fulton, Arthur W. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gairns, A. H. 
Galanti, Mrs. Charles P. 
Gale, Abram 



Garbers, Christ H. 
Garnett, Joseph B. 
Gary, Lee J. 
Gatzert, Mrs. August 
Gavin, Mrs. Steve 
Geagan, E. R. 
Geneser, Joseph I. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Gerwig, Walter A. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gifford, Chester G. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
Giles, Dr. Roscoe C. 
Gillett, W. N. 
Gillick, J. T. 
Gingrich, Arnold 
Glade, George H., Jr. 
Glade, Richard W. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glaser, James M. R. 
Glick, Louis G. 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Goldberg, Mrs. Sol H. 
Goldblatt, Dr. Louis 
Golding, Gustav D. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Melvin M. 
Goldstein, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Goldthorp, Ellsworth 
Gomberg, Dr. Harry 
Good, Arthur P. 
Good, Charles E. 
Goodall, John C. 
Goodman, Ralph L, 
Goodman, Mrs. 

William O. 
Gordon, Martin S. > 
Gorman, John J. 
Gorman, Rev. William J. 
Gorr, Carl 
Gorski, Martin 
Goss, Dr. Henry 
Gottlieb, Frederick M. 
Gottschalk, Albert L. 
Govett, Miss Margaret 
Grabiner, Harry M. 
Grace, John H., Jr. 
GrafRs, Herbert 
Grainger, Mrs. W. W. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Grauer, Dr. Theophil P. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Green, D. C. 
Green, Mrs. Dwight H. 
Green, Walter H. 
Green, Wendell E. 
Greenhouse, Jacob 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregory, Dr. John J. 



-113- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Greiii, Joseph 
Grimmer, Dr. A. H. 
Grochowski, Mrs. G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Gro.ssfeld, Miss Rose 
Grove, C. G. 
Gudeman, Kdward 
Guild, Dr. William A. 
Guilliams, John R. 
Guntiar, Mrs. H. P. 
Guskay, John W. 
Guthrie, S. A.shley 
Guzik, Mrs. Manny 

Hackett, Mrs. James J. 
Hagemeyer, Henry F. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Albert T. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Miss Fanny A. 
Hall, Harold 
Hall, Harry 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, Louis W. 
Halper, Samuel 
Hal peri n. Max 
Hamill, Dr. Ralph C. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Chester F. 
Hamilton, DeForest A. 
Hamilton, Gurdon H. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, C. Herrick 
Hammond, William M. 
Hanawalt, L. Ross 
Handtmann, G. E. 
Hansen, Mrs. Arthur R. 
Hansen, Helmer 
Hansen, Paul 
Han.son, Dr. Arthur J. 
Harbaugh, W'atson D. 
Harbison, Robert B. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Mrs. Edward K. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
Harper, Robert B. 
Harrigan, E. J. 
Harrington, George Bates 
Harrington, S. R. 
Harris, Benjamin R. 
Harris, Mortimer B. 
Harrison, William H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. H. G. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Mrs. Rachel 

Harber 



Hart, Mrs. Walter H. 
Harvey, Hyron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Byron, Jr. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Hashrook, Howard F. 
Haskell, L. A. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Hattis, Robert E. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Hawkes, Joseph B. 
Hawkins, Mrs. Ralph R. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayakawa, S. L 
Hayes, Miss Lucy C. 
Head, Dr. Jerome R. 
Headley, Mrs. Ida M. 
Heald, Mrs. Henry T. 
Healy, John J. 
Healy, Vincent E. 
Heavey, John C. 
Hebel, Oscar 
Heckel, Edmund P. 
Heckel, Dr. Norris J. 
Hedly, Arthur H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Helebrandt, Louis 
Helgason, Arni 
Helland, A. L 
Henderson, B. E. 
Hendry, Chester S. 
Henkle, Charles Zane 
Henning, Mrs. Helen E. 
Henriksen, H. M. 
Henry, Sister Mary 
Hersh, Dr. Helen 
Herthel, E. C. 
Hess, Edward J. 
Hesseltine, Dr. 

H. Close 
Hester, Mrs. Harriet H. 
Heyden, Robert A. 
Hibbard, Angus 8. 
Hibbard, Coleman 
High, Mrs. George H. 
Hilburn, Frank O. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilton, Henry H. 
Himmelhoch, Ralph V. 
Hinchcliff, William 

H., Jr. 
Hintze, Arthur W. 
Hirsch, Edwin W. 
Hirsrhborg, Samuel J. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hixon, H. Rea 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hochfeldt, William F. 
Hodges, L. C. 
Hodson, Mrs. A. Leslie 
Hoellen, John J., Jr. 



HofTman, M. R. 
Hoffman, Raymond A. 
Hoffman, Mrs. 

Robert M., Jr. 
Hoffmann, Dr. 

Walter H. O. 
Hofman, Charles M. 
Hogenson, William 
Hogsten, Mrs. Yngve 
Hokin, Mrs. David E. 
Holland, Robert L. 
HoUerbach, Joseph 
Holm, Theodore, II 
Holmes, Miss Berenice 
Holmsten, Victor T. 
Holran, Mrs. John 

Raymond 
Holt, McPherson 
Holter, Charles C. 
Holub, Anthony S. 
Holzheimer, Joseph 
Holzman, Alfred 
Honor, Mrs. Leo L. 
Hoope, G. F., Jr. 
Hooper, A. F. 
Hooper, Blake C. 
Hopkins, Dr. M. B. 
Horwilz, Irving A. 
Horton, Mrs. Arthur 
Horween, Isidore 
Horwich, Alan H. 
Horwich, Philip 
Hottinger, William 

H., Jr. 
Hotz, Ferdinand L. 
Houda, Dr. Leo 
Hough, William J. 
House, Woodford W. 
Hovey, Mrs. 

Margaret Pope 
Houston, Mrs. Thomas J, 
Howard, Frank S. 
Howe, Edward T. 
Howe, Mrs. John M. 
Howe, Roger F. 
Hoyne, Miss Susan D. 
Hoyt, N. Landon, Jr. 
Hraback, L. W. 
Hubachek, Frank 

Brookes 
Huch, Mrs. Ida 
Hudson, Miss 

Katherine J. 
Hudson, William J. 
Huebner, Mrs. Alphonse 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huff, Dr. Robert E. 
Huffman, Frank C. 
Hughes, Myron W., Jr. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Hull, A. E. 
Hulson, J. W. 



-114- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Humphrey, Gilbert E. 
Humphreys, J. Ross 
Humphreys, Mrs. 

Robert E. 
Hunding, B. N. 
Hunter, L. B. 
Hunton, Frank 
Hurd, Ferris E. 
Hurlbut, Miss 

Elizabeth J. 
Hurley, G. B. 
Hurley, Neil C. 
Hurrell, R. E. 
Hust, George 
Huth, Mrs. C. F. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hyman, Mrs. David A. 
Hynes, D. P. 

Isaacs, Lewis J. 
Isselhard, Mrs. M. J. 

Jack, Dr. Harry T. 
Jackson, Mrs. Martha F. 
Jackson, Mrs. W. A. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jacobs, Nate 
James, Mrs. Roy L. 
James, Walter C. 
Janata, Louis J. 
Janson, Dr. C. Helge M. 
Jarvis, William B. 
Jeffreys, Mrs. Mary M. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jenner, Mrs. Austin 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jennings, Ralph C. 
Jensen, George P. 
Jewett, George F. 
Job, Dr. Thesle T. 
Johnson, Alfred C. 
Johnson, Carl I. 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Elmo G. 
Johnson, Dr. G. Erman 
Johnson, Miss 

Kathryn M. 
Johnson, Miss Millie C. 
Johnson, R. T. 
Johnson, Thomas G. 
Johnson, Vilas 
Johnston, A. J. 
Johnston, Mrs. 

W. Robert 
Johnstone, Mrs. Bruce 
Jonas, Dr. Emil 
Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, Charles W. 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, Earl J. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 



Jones, Dr. Thomas G. 
Joseph, Albert G. 
Joy, James A. 
Joyce, A. J. 
Juers, Henry A. 
Jung, C. C. 

Kagan, Bernhard R. 
Kagan, Joseph 
Kahn, Jerome J. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kahoun, John A. 
Kamin, E. J. 
Kamins, Dr. Maclyn M. 
Kamm, Harold J. 
Kampmeier, August G. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Kaplan, Benjamin G. 
Kaplan, Frank 
Kaplan, Hyman 
Kaplan, Samuel 
Karker, Mrs. M. H. 
Karpen, Leo 
Karstens, Norman V. 
Kart, Samuel 
Kasbohm, Leonard H. 
Katz, Miss Jessie 
Katz, Solomon 
Katzenberger, Mrs. W. B. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Keady, Mrs. W. L. 
Keck, Mathew 
Keeler, Leonarde 
Keene, William J. 
Keim, Melville 
Kelley, Mrs. Phelps 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, John Payne 
Kelly, Charles Scott 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, Miss Katherine 

Marjorie 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kennedy, David E. 
Kennedy, Miss Mary A. 
Kenney, Clarence B. 
Kenyon, H. M. 
Kerr, Dr. J. A. 
Kerr, Leslie H. 
Keyser, Charles F. 
Kimball, T. Weller 
King, Frank L. 
King, H. R. 
King, J. Andrews 
King, Kenneth R. 
King, Martin 
King, Miles O. 
King, Willard L. 
Kingham, J. J. 
Kipp, Lester E. 
Kirshbaum, Harry L. 
Klee, Mrs. Nathan 



Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Mrs. Alden J. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knapp, Dr. George G. 
Knol, Nicholas 
Knotts, Raymond R. 
Koch, Carl 
Koltz, George C. 
Kort, George 
Korzybska, Countess 

Mira 
Kotas, Rudolph J. 
Kotrba, Frank 
Kraemer, Leo 
Kraflft, Walter A. 
Kraft, John H. 
Kramer, Miss Lillian 
Krametbauer, Charles F. 
Krawetz, Mrs. John 
Kreber, Mrs. Nellie 
Kresl, Carl 

Kretzmann, Rev. A. R. 
Kretzmann, Miss 

Mary C. 
Krez, Leonard 0. 
Kroch, Adolph 
Kruesi, F. E. 
Kruggel, Arthur 
Kruse, W. K. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuhnen, Mrs. 

George H. 
Kuhns, Mrs. H. B. 
Kurth, W. H. 

Lachman, Harold 
Ladd, John W. 
Laderman, Samuel 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lamb, George N. 
Lambert, Ronald J. 
Landon, Robert E. 
Lange, A. G. 
Langert, A. M. 
Langford, Joseph P. 
Larson, Charles E. 
Larson, Elis L. 
Larson, Miss Lucille M. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Latimer, William L. 
Latka, Dr. Olga M. 
Lau, Mrs. John 

Arnold 
Laud, Sam 

Laury, Dr. Everett M. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawrence, James 
Lawrence, Walter D. 
Lax, John Franklin 



115- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Layden, Mic-hael J. 
Lazar, Maurice 
Lazear, George C. 
Leao, Josia-s 
Leatzow, Charles A. 
LeHeau, Mrs. Oscar T. 
Lee, Miss Alice Stephana 
Lee, John H. 
Lee, John M. 
Lee, Mrs. William 

George 
Leeds, Mrs. William L. 
Lehman, Lawrence B. 
Lehman, O. W. 
Lehmann, Miss Thesy R. 
Leibrandt, George F. 
Leith, John A. 
Lentin, J. 

Lescure, Mervin H. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Levin, Louis 
Levine, William 
Levine, William D. 
Levinger, Mrs. David 
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K. 
Lewis, Charles E. 
Lewis, Mrs. Lloyd 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Licata, James V. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Lindeman, John H. 
Lindenthal, Mrs. Louis 
Lindsay, Mrs. Martin 
Linebarger, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Lingott, Richard H. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippincott, R. R. 
Lipshutz, Joseph 
Little, Charles G. 
Little, F. C. 
Livingston, A. Kip 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lochman, Philip 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Lofquist, Karl E. 
Logan, Mrs. Frank G. 
Lome, Philip 
Loomis, Miss Marie 
Lord, John S. 
Lorenze, Arthur A. 
Love, John T. 
Love, Joseph Kirk 
Love, Miss R. B. 
Lovejoy, Philip C. 
Luckman, Charles 
Ludolph, Arthur L. 
Ludolph, F. E. 
Lynch, Mrs. Cora E. 
Lyon, Mrs. Jeneva A. 
Lyon, Mrs. William H. 



MacArthur, Fred V. 
MacChesney, Miss 

Muriel 
Macfarland, Mrs. 

Frances R. 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Mack, Walter A. 
MacMillan, William D. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Manaster, Henry 
Mangan, R. K. 
Manheimer, Arthur E. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Manta, Mrs. John L. 
Marks, Mrs. Frank H. 
Marling, Mrs. 

Franklin, Jr. 
Marnane, James D. 
Marquart, Arthur A. 
Marquart, E. C. 
Marrs, Mrs. Etta Fay 
Martin, Mrs. George B. 
Martin, Miss Bess B. 
Marvin, W. Ro.ss 
Marx, Samuel A. 
Mattes, Harold C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthews, J. H. 
Mawicke, Henry J. 
Maxwell, John 
Maxwell, W. R. 
Maxwell, William A. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Arthur H. 
Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Richard 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McBride, W. Paul 
McCaw, R. C. 
McConnell, F. B. 
McCormick, Miss 

Elizabeth D. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCreery, C. L. 
McCuUough, Robert 

Osgood 
McDonough, Mrs. Grace 
McDowell, Miss Ada V. 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGowen, Thomas N. 
McGrain, Preston 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKibbin, Mrs. 

George B. 
McKinstry, W. B. 
McKisson, Robert W. 
McKittrick, Thomas J. 
McLaughlin, Mrs. 

George D. 
McLaughlin, Dr. JamesH. 
McMahon, Earl J. 



McMurray, Mrs. 

George N. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Mehan, J. H. 
Meiners, Frank X. 
Mendelson, Morris 
Mero, Julian 
Merrifield, Carlton R. 
Merritt, Thomas W. 
Mcrtz, Miss Henriette 
Metzenberg, John B. 
Metzenberg, Leopold 
Metzger, M. A. 
Meyer, Dr. Charles A. 
Meyer, Stanton M. 
Meyer, Wallace 
Meyer, WMlliam C. 
Meyerhoff, A. E. 
Meyers, Jonas 
Micek, Dr. Louis T. 
Michaels, Joseph 
Michel, Dr. WiUiam J. 
Mielenz, Robert K. 
Millard, A. E. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Millard, G. A. 
Miller, Charles L. 
Miller, Miss Elsa 

V. Winckelmann 
Miller, Mrs. Grace 

Edwards 
Miller, J. M. 
Miller, Joseph 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Ronald 
Miller, William H. 
Millikan, J. H. 
Mills, Elmer E. 
Mills, Mrs. James Leonard 
Mills, James M. 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 
Mitchell, Mrs. James 

Herbert 
Mix, Dr. B. J. 
Mohr, Albert, Jr. 
Molter, Harold 
Monroe, Walter D. 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moorman, Charles L. 
Morgan, Clarence 
Mork, P. R. 
Morley, Rev. Walter K. 
Morrow, John, Jr. 
Moser, Paul 



116- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Moskow, Joseph M. 
Moss, Jacob L. 
Mowrer, Mrs. Paul 

Scott 
Mozeris, Joseph M. 
Muckley, Robert L. 
Mudd, Joseph B. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Muench, C. G. 
Mulcahy, Mrs. Michael F. 
Mullady, Walter F. 
Muller, Allan 
Mudd, Mrs. J. A., Jr. 
Munro, Alex W. 
Murison, George W. 
Murnane, Edward J. 
Murphy, Henry C. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, John C. 
Murray, William M. 
Murrin, Edward 
Musgrave, Dr. George J. 
Musick, Philip Lee 
Mustell, Dr. Robert R. 
Muszynski, John J. 
Muter, Leslie F. 
Myers, Harold B. 
Myers, Mrs. 

Thomas F., Jr. 

Nachman, James S. 
Nadelhoffer, Dr. L. E. 
Nafziger, R. L. 
Nardin, John G. 
Nash, R. D. 
Nast, Mrs. Samuel 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Neff, Ward A. 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Earl W. 
Nelson, N. A., Jr. 
Nerger, Dr. Vernon D. 
Ness, J. Stanley 
Neuberg, Marshall E. 
Newberger, Ralph 
Newcomer, Mrs. Paul 
Newman, Charles H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Newman, Dr. Louis B. 
Newton, Dr. Roy C. 
Niblack, Dr. H. C. 
Nickerson, J. F. 
Nierman, Max 
Nilson, Alfred R. 
Noble, Guy L. 
Norcott, Mrs. Ernest J. 
Nordstrum, George W. 
Norian, Morris 
Norris, Eben H. 
Norris, Mrs. James 
North, Mrs. F. S. 



North, Harold F. 
Norton, G. A. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Novack, Dr. Louis 
Novick, Daniel 
Noyes, W. H., Jr. 
Nussear, George S. 
Nyquist, Carl 

O'Brien, M. J. 
Ochsner, Dr. Edward H. 
O'Connell, Edmund 

Daniel 
O'Connell, Harold P. 
O'Connell, J. R. 
O'Connor, James J. 
Ogilvie, Alexander W. T. 
O'Hara, Arthur J. 
O'Hearn, Rev. John J. 
O'Keeffe, William F. 
Oldberg, Dr. Eric 
Oleson, Philip H. 
Olin, Edward L. 
Olsen, Dr. Charles W. 
Olsen, Frank S. 
Olson, Richard I. 
O'Neill, Dr. Eugene J. 
Oppenheimer, Seymour 
Orban, Dr. Balint 
Ordway, John R. 
Orner, Sam 
Orschel, Albert K. 
Osgood, W. T. 
OssendorfF, Dr. K. W. 
Overholser, C. R. 
Owen, Mrs. W. David 

Palmer, Potter, III 
Palmer, Robert F. 
Palmgren, Mrs. 

Charles A. 
Panosh, Roy W. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Miss Edith P. 
Parkinson, Mrs. 

George H. 
Parmelee, Dwight S. 
Parsons, Bruce 
Parker, George S. 
Pass, Jack 

Patch, A. Huntington 
Patch, Mrs. G. M. 
Patterson, Grier D. 
Patterson, Miss 

Minnie L. 
Patterson, William A. 
Patton, Price A. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Pavletic, Dr. Nicholas B. 
Payne, Mrs. William R. 
Peck, William C. 
Peirce, Mrs. Clarence A. 



Pelts, Philip W. 
Pencik, Mrs. Miles F. 
Penticoff, M. C. 
Perry, Arthur C. 
Persello, Nino J. 
Peterkin, Daniel, Jr. 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettibone, Holman D. 
Petty, Mrs. George B. 
Pfaelzer, Mrs. Monroe 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelps, Mrs. Cassius H. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phillips, John B. 
Phillips, L. A. 
Phillips, Howard C. 
Pick, Joseph Richard 
Pick, Thomas Erskine 
Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles S. 
Pirie, Mrs. Gordon L. 
Pitt A A 

Plat't, Edward Vilas 
Plummer, Comer 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Pollack, Charles A. 
Pollock, George L. 
Pollock, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Porter, Charles H. 
Porter, Edward C. 
Porter, Dr. Eliot F. 
Porter, Dr. George J. 
Poulson, Mrs. Clara L. 
Powers, Mrs. George W. 
Poyer, Stephen A. 
Prentice, J. Rockefeller 
Preston, Fred A. 
Preston, G. G. 
Preston, Walter J. 
Preus, Mrs. J. A. 0. 
Price, Griswold A. 
Price, John McC. 
Prince, Harry 
Prindle, James H. 
Prizant, Harry George 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Proby, Dr. Edmund A. 
Prosser, John A. 
Pruitt, Raymond S. 
Przypyszny, Dr. 

Casimir D. 
Putnam, Rufus W. 

Quarrie, William F. 
Quick, Miss Hattiemae 
Quigley, Mrs. 
Thomas M. 
Quisenberry, T. E. 

Rahn, Dr. Esther 
Randall, Frank A. 
Randall, Mrs. L. A. 
Rankin, J. T. 



-117- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 



Rankin, Robert A. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Ransom, Robert C. 
Ranson, Mrs. S. W. 
Rasmussen, Mrs. George 
Rassweiler, August 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Clifford S. 
Rayner, Lawrence 
Rea, Miss Edith 
Read, Freeman C. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Walter S. 
Regensburg, James 
Reger, Henry P. 
Reich, Mrs. Edmund H. 
Reichert, Mrs. 

Robert M. 
Reid, Samuel S. 
Reimers, Dr. Leslie H. 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reingold, J. J. 
Reiser, Miss Irene K. 
Rembold, Fred W. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Reser, Harry M. 
Revelli, Mrs. Yvonne 

Sohn 
Reynolds, Mrs. 

G. William 
Reynolds, Joseph Callow 
Richards, James Donald 
Richards, Oron E. 
Richert, John C. 
Richter, Arthur 
Riel, George A. 
Riley, John H. 
Rinella, Samuel A. 
Ritter, Dr. L L 
Ritter, Miss Lavinia 
Roane, Warren 
Robbins, Burr L. 
Robbins, Charles Burton 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Robertson, Hayes 
Robinson, Emery 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, Reginald 

Victor 
Robinson, Theodore 

W., Jr. 
Roblin, Mrs. G. S. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Roche, John Pierre 
Rochlitz, O. A. 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rogers, Mrs. J. B. 
Roman, B. F. 



Rosenberg, Mrs. 

Bernhard 
Rosenfels, Hugo H. 
Rosenfels, Mrs. Irwin S. 
Rosenthal, David F. 
Rosenthal, M. A. 
Ross, Mrs. Sophie S. 
Rowland, James E. 
Rowley, Clifford A. 
Rowley, William A. 
Rubloff, Arthur 
Ruby, Samuel D. 
Rudney, J. E. 
Rugen, Fred A. 
Rutherford, M. Drexel 
Ryan, C. D. 
Ryan, Frank 
Ryerson, Mrs. 

Anthony M. 
Rynder, Ross D. 

Sachse, William R. 
Salomon, Ira 
Salomon, William E. 
Salmon, Rudolph B. 
Samuels, Benjamin 
Sanborn, Mrs. V. C. 
Sandberg, Harry S. 
Sandel, Mrs. Clara 
Sang, Philip D. 
Saslow, David 
Sasscer, Mrs. 

Lawrence D. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Schaaf, Mrs. Clarence W. 
Schaflfner, Arthur B. 
Schaflfner, Miss Marion 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Schenker, Ben W. 
Schick, Mrs. W. F. 
Schick, Robert E. 
Schiltz, M. A. 
Schimmel, Philip W. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schlossberg, Mrs. Harry 
Schlossberg, Max 
Schmidt, Carl 
Schmidt, George A. 
Schmidt, William 
Schmidtbauer, J. C. 
Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Schmus, Elmer E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, D. G. 
Schoflf, James S. 
Schrage, Walter W. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
Schueren, Arnold C. 
Schulze, Paul 



Schupp, Robert W. 
Schureman, Jean L. 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schweitzer, E. 0. 
Schwemm, Earl M. 
Scofield, Clarence P. 
Scott, Frederick H. 
Scott, George A. H. 
Scott, George H. 
Seaverns, George A., Jr. 
Secord, Burton F. 
Seehausen, Gilbert B. 
Seidenbecker, Mrs. O. F. 
Selfridge, Calvin F. 
Selig, Lester N. 
Selz, Mrs. J. Harry 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Sensibar, Ezra 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shakman, James G. 
Sharp, John B. 
Shaw, James C. 
Shaw, John I. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Shedd, Mrs. Charles C. 
Sheridan, Frank P. 
Sheridan, Leo J. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherwood, Miss L, M. 
Shrader, Frank K. 
Shroyer, Malcolm E. 
Shultz, Earle 
Sidney, John A. 
Silbernagel, Mrs. 

George J. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Sindelar, Joseph C. 
Sinnerud, Dr. O. P. 
Sippy, Mrs. Harold L. 
Siragusa, Mrs. Ross 
Sirotek, Joseph F. 
Slavik, James 
Sloan, William F. 
Slomer, Mrs. Joseph J. 
Smaha, O. 0. 
Smart, Alfred 
Smerz, E. J. 
Smith, John F., Jr. 
Smith, Mrs. Kenneth 

Gladstone 
Smith, Reynold S. 
Smithson, Stuart Busby 
Smuk, Dr. J. E. 
Snoeberger, R. E. 
Snyder, David 
Snyder, Oliver C. 
Sohn, Harry 
Sollitt, Mrs. George 
Sollitt, Sumner S. 



-118- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS (Continued) 



Solomon, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Sonnenschein, Mrs. 

Edward 
Sordahl, Mrs. Louis O. 
Souder, Mrs. Robert 
Soule, Leo N. 
Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Speer, Robert J. 
Spellbrink, Harry R. 
Spencer, Arthur T. 
Spertus, Herman 
Spicer, Mrs. George A. 
Spiegel, Dr. Manuel 
Spiegel, Modie J. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Philip 
Spiegel, Sidney M., Jr. 
Sprague, Albert A., Jr. 
Sprague, G. F. 
Staehle, Jack C. 
Starrett, James W. 
Starshak, A. L. 
Steckl, Miss Cornelia C. 
Steffensen, Sigurd 
Stein, Mortimer D. 
Steiner, Samuel, Jr. 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steins, Mrs. Halsey 
Steinwedell, William 
Stempfel, Theodore 
Stenn, Dr. Fred 
Stensgaard, W. L. 
Sterling, Joseph 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Steuber, Raleigh R. 
Steuer, Mrs. Joseph True 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Francis 0. 
Stevens, Mrs. 

R. St. John 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, William Scott 
Stier, Willard J. 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stiles, J. F., Jr. 
Stoehr, Kurt 
Stoll, Mrs. J. O. 
Stolle, Arthur E. 
Stone, Dr. F. Lee 
Stone, Mrs. John 

Sheppard 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stout, Frederick E. 
Stransky, Franklin J. 
Straus, Dr. David C. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Strauss, Marshall E. 
Streicher, Abraham M. 
Stresen-Reuter, 

Frederick A. 



Strigl, F. C. 
Strong, Bruce W. 
Stuart, William M. 
Stude, Henry 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturm, William G. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Sullivan, Joseph P. 
Summer, Mrs. Edward 
Sundblom, Haddon H. 
Sundin, Ernest G. 
Suomela, John P. 
Swanson, A. D. 
Sweeley, Mrs. Merle E. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Symmes, William H. 
Symon, Stow E. 
Symonds, Merrill 
Symons, John 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene 

S. Jr. 
Tatge, Paul W. 
Teare, W. C. 
Teitelbaum, Irving E. 
Temps, Leupold 
Test, Dr. Frederick C. 
Thiebeault, C. J. 
Thirkield, D. D. 
Thomason, Mrs. S. E. 
Thompson, Paul B. 
Thorek, Dr. Max 
Thorne, Mrs. Gordon C. 
Thrasher, Dr. Irving D. 
Throop, Mrs. George 

Enos 
Tichy, Dr. Elsie M. 
Ticktin, Mrs. 

Theodore J. 
Tieken, Theodore 
Tivnen, Dr. Richard J. 
Todd, A. 

Todt, Mrs. Edward G. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Topping, John R. 
Towne, Miss Alice Lucy 
Tracy, S. W. 
Traver, George W. 
Treat, Mrs. Dana R. 
Tremain, Miss 

Eloise R. 
Trier, Robert 
Trude, Daniel P. 
Truman, Percival H. 

Urban, Andrew 
Utley, Mrs. Clifton M. 
Utley, George B. 
Utter, Mrs. Arthur J. 



Valentine, Mrs. 

Kimball E. 
VanCleef, Felix 
VanDeventer, William E. 
VanHagen, Mrs. 

George E. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Velvel, Charles 
Versluis, Mrs. James J. 
Veto, William A. 
Vilsoet, William 
Vinson, Owen 
Vloedman, Dr. D. A. 
Vodoz, Frederick W. 
Vogel, Mrs. John L. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederic P. 

Wacker, Fred G. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wagonseller, E. A. 
Wahl, Arnold Spencer 
Waite, Roy E. 
Waitman, J. E. 
Wakerlin, Dr. George E. 
Walcher, Alfred 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldorf, Bishop Ernest 

Lynn 
Wales, C. Arthur 
Walker, Louis R. 
Walker, Wendell 
Wallace, Charles Ross 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Wallenstein, Sidney 
Wallgren, Eric M. 
Walton, Wilbur L. 
Walz, John W. 
Wanner, Arthur L. 
Wanzer, Howard H. 
Ware, Willis C. 
Warner, Ernest N. 
Warner, Mason 
Warren, L. Parsons 
Warren, William G. 
Wasson, Theron 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watling, John 
Webb, Lew H. 
Weber, James 
Webster, Harry C. 
Webster, James 
Webster, N. C. 
Wegner, George W. 
Weidert, William C. 
Weil, David Maxwell 
Weil, Edward S. 
Weiner, Charles 
Weinraub, Aaron 
Weinress, S. J. 
Weismantel, Miss 

Theresa A. 



119- 



ANNUAL MEMBERS {Continued) 



Weiss, Louis A. 
Weiss, Roscoe L. 
Weissbrenner, A. W. 
Welch, L. C. 
Welch, R. T. 
Wellin, Elmer G. 
Wells, F. Harris 
Welsh, William W. 
Wentworth, John 
Wescott, Dr. Virgil 
W^tmore, Horace O. 
Whipple, Miss Velma D. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, William J. 
Whitecotton, Dr. George 

Otis 
Whitelock, John B. 
Whitney, Ross 
TVTiitwell, J. E. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wickman, C. E. 
Wilder, Emory H. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wilhelm, Frank Edward 
Willard, Nelson W. 
Willems, Dr. J. Daniel 



William^, Lawrence 

Williams, Mrs. 

Rowland L. 
Willkie, E. E. 
Wilson, Arlen J. 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Elizabeth C. 
Wilson, Grant V. 
Wilson, L. F. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, W. M. 
Winship, Miss 

Florence S. 
Winston, Mrs. Farwell 
Winterbotham, John R. 
Witham, Miss Marie 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolf, Morris E. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodson, William T. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 

Turner 
Woolard, Francis C. 
Wormley, Edward J. 
Wright, William Ryer 
Wrisley, Mrs. Allen B. 



Wrisley, George A. 
Wrisley, L. Norton 
Wuichet, West 
Wulbert, Morris 
Wupper, Benjamin F. 
Wurth, Mrs. William 
Wynekoop, Dr. 
Charles Ira 

Yanofsky, Dr. Hyman 
Yates, John E. 
Yonce, Mrs. Stanley L. 
Young, C. S. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Youngren, W. W. 

Zadek, Milton 
Zahler, Walter R. 
Zaiman, Dr. Solomon 
Zangerle, A. Arthur 
Zglenicki, Leon 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. Walter 
Zolla, Abner M. 
Zonsius, Lawrence W. 
Zorn, Mrs. LeRoy J. 



Bangs, Hal Crompton 
Branham, Rev. 
Joseph H. 

Clarke, Broadus J. 
Cuneo, Frank 

Gilchrist, Miss 

Harriet F. 
Greenslade, Fred 

Haynes, William H. 
Heller, Fred M. 



Dece^ased, 1942 
Hoyt, William M., II 

Laury, Mrs. Charles M. 
Levis, John M. 

McKeown, Daniel F. 
McManus, James F. 
Mehlhope, Clarence E. 
Miller, Albert A. 
Morris, Ira Nelson 

Rollins, Athol E. 



Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 

Sievers, William H. 
Starrett, Mrs. June M, 

Teller, George L. 
Truman, Percival H. 
Tyler, Alfred C. 

Weber, William F. 
Wiley, Edward N. 

Zenos, Dr. Andrew C. 



-120- 



i 




UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBANA 



3 0112 084204962