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MAR 1 3 1995 
JUN 1 3 1995 




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Field Museum of Natural History 
Publication 235 

Report Series Vol. VI, No. 5 





Chicago, U. S. A. 
January, 1926 


'^■i :\, 



V. g5 


Bequests to Field Museum of Natural History may be made in 
securities, money, books or collections. They may, if desired, take 
the form of a memorial to the memory of a person or cause, to be 
named by the g^iver. For those desirous of making bequests to the 
Museum, the following form is suggested: 


I do hereby give and bequest to "Field Museum of Natural 
History" of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, , 

Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Field 
Museum of Natural History to an amount not in access of 
I5fo of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as deduc- 
tions in computing net income under the Revenue Law. 

Endowments may be viade to the Museum with the pro- 
vision that an a^inuity be paid to the patron during his or 
her lifetime. These annuities are tax-free and are guaran- 
teed against fluctuation in amount. 



Board of Trustees 390 

Officers and Committees 391 

Staff of Museum 392 

Report of the Director 393 

Lectures and Entertainments 396 

Publications 402 

Library 404 

Cataloguing, Inventorying and Labeling 408 

Accessions 41 1 

Expeditions 425 

Installation and Permanent Improvement 437 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 453 

Gmde-Lectvirers 454 

Art Research Classes and Publicity 455 

Division of Printing 45 7 

Division of Photography and Illustration 458 

Attendance 459 

Attendance Statistics 460 

Financial Statements 461 

List of Accessions 463 

Department of Anthropology 463 

Department of Botany 467 

Department of Geology 468 

Department of Zoology 470 

Division of Photography 474 

The Library 475 

Articles of Incorporation 485 

Amended By-Laws 487 

List of Benefactors, Honorary Members and Patrons 493 

List of Corporate Members 494 

List of Life Members 495 

List of Associate Members 498 

List of Sustaining Members 507 

List of Annual Members 512 

390 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 


Edward E. Ayer Albert W. Harris 

Watson F. Blair Arthur B. Jones 

John Borden Chauncey Keep 

Harry E. Byram Charles H. Markham 

William J. Chalmers Cyrus H. McCormick 

Richard T. Crane, Jr. Martin A. Ryerson 

D. C. Davies James Simpson 

Marshall Field Solomon A. Smith 

Stanley Field Albert A. Sprague 

Ernest R. Graham Silas H. Strawn 

William Wrigley, Jr. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director. 



Stanley Field, President 

Martin A. Ryerson, First Vice-President 

Watson F. Blair, Second Vice-Presid-ent 

Albert A. Sprague, Third Vice-President 
D. C. Davies, Secretary 

Arthur B. Jones, Assistant Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer 



Stanley Field 
Watson F. Blair 
William J. Chalmers 
Arthur B. Jones 

Albert A. Sprague 
Edward E. Ayer 
Marshall Field 
John Borden 

Watson F. Blair 
Martin A. Ryerson 


Arthur B. Jones 
Chauncey Keep 

Albert W. Harris 

William J. Chalmers 
Cyrus H. McCormick 

Arthur B. Jones 

Albert A. Sprague 

building committee 

Harry E. Byram 
auditing committee 

Silas H. Stravvn 


James Simpson 

Albert A. Sprague 
Ernest R. Graham 

Charles H. Markham 

Solomon A. Smith 

392 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 


D. C. Davies 

department of anthropology 

Berthold Laufer, Curator 

A. L. Kroeber — Research Associate in American Archaeology 

Assistant Curators 

*Charles L. Owen — Archaeology 

Albert B. Lewis — African and Melanesian Ethnology 

*Helen C. Gunsaulus — Japanese Ethnology 

Ralph Linton — Oceanic and Malayan Ethnology 

B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator 
Assistant Curator 
J. Francis Macbride — Taxonomy 

O. C. Farrington, Curator 
Henry W. Nichols, Associate Curator 
Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology 
Sharat K. Roy — A ssistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology 

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator 
William J. Gerhard, Associate Curator of Insects 
C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator of Birds 
H. B. Conover, a ssociate in Ornithology 

Assistant Curators 
Edmund Heller — Mammals Karl P. Schmidt — Reptiles and Amphibians 

John T. Zimmer — Birds Alfred C. Weed — Fishes 

R. Magoon Barnes — Oology Edmond N. Gueret — Osteology 

Julius Friesser, Mammals Leon L. Walters, Reptiles and Amphibians 

L. L, Pray, Fishes Ashley Hine, Birds 


S. C. Simms, Curator 


Elsie Lippincott, Librarian 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Assistant Librarian 


H. F. Ditzel Benj. Bridge 


*RoBERT H. Thompson Dorothy Roberts Cockrell 

Elsie|H. Thomas, Assistant Recorder Margaret L. Fisher *H. E. Wheeler 


R. R. More, in charge U. A. Dohmen, in charge 

C. H. Carpenter, Photographer Carl F. Gronemann, Artist 

A. A. Miller, Photogravurist 


John E. Glynn W. H. Corning 




To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History : 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the Museum 
for the year ending December 31, 1925. 

Throughout the year, the Museiun has so maintained its activities 
that pubHc attendance has been notably increased. Frequent mention 
in the public press of the progress of the Institution and of its expedi- 
tions, researches and accessions has doubtless been of much aid in 
increasing popular interest and attendance. This interest has, in turn, 
served to stimulate the members of the scientific and administrative 
staff to more strenuous efforts. 

As is indicated in the following report, the activities and functions 
of the Museum are ever widening. This is especially true in the 
advancement of educational work. During the period under review an 
additional extramiiral program has been inaugtirated which provides 
for assigning lecturers from the Museum to various parts of the city. 
On account of the addition of this and other educational and research 
programs to the activities of the Museimi the year's budget shows a 
deficit of $35,806.01. Although the Museum has received memorable 
contributions to its endowment for the purpose of defraying the cost 
of its enhanced activities, income from these sources is not as yet 
available. Moreover, despite the increased income provided by the 
South Park Commissioners from the tax levy, it does not suffice to 
meet the actual cost of maintenance. 

The hearty appreciation by the public of the enlarged activities of 
the Museum has produced a demand for service greater than can be 
met with the present endowment. With an increased endowment, more 
entertainment for adults, enlarged facilities for children and students, 
and a very desirable extension of the educational program to include, 
specifically, the foreign born, could be provided. 

The largest single gift received by the Museum during the year was 
that of Mrs. Anna Louise Raymond, consisting of an endowment of 
$500,000 and creating a memorial to her husband, the late James Nelson 
Raymond. The purpose of this fund is indicated in its name, "The 
James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and Children's 
Lecture Fund." The income from this endowment is paid as an annuity 


394 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

during her lifetime to Mrs. Raymond. Annuities on endowments of 
this nature to the Institution are exempt from income tax levies and 
are also guaranteed against fluctuation in amount. An exhibition hall 
has been named James Nelson and Anna Louise Ra>Tnond Hall to com- 
memorate this gift. 

Securities to the value of $100,000 were transferred to the Museum 
by Miss Kate Buckingham, who receives as an annuity the interest on 
her gift. By action of the Board of Trustees, an exhibition hall has been 
named in memory of the late Clarence Buckingham. 

The conception of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition 
to the Himalayas, the Pamirs and Turkestan for zoological specimens 
lay with the Messrs. Roosevelt, Theodore and Kermit, who undertook to 
furnish their services without remuneration. They were accompanied by 
the natiu-alist, Mr. George K. Cherrie, and by Mr. Suydam Cutting, a 
volunteer photographer. The expedition was conducted under the 
patronage of Mr. James Simpson. According to cable reports, the 
hunters have met with great success, having secured, among other 
large mammals, eight specimens of the rare Marco Polo's sheep. Numer- 
ous birds, reptiles and small mammals are also mentioned in reports. 

A contribution of $125,000 was received from Mr. Ernest R. Graham, 
a portion of which, supplemented by an additional $12,000 from 
President Stanley Field, was used for the purchase of the Egyptian 
collections made by Professor James H. Breasted. These collections 
include 580 textiles, 10 bronzes, 154 pieces of alabaster and one black 
granite statue, representing the architect Senmut. The hall containing 
the Egyptian collection has been named Ernest R. Graham Hall. 

Other contributions made by President Field were: $8,000 toward 
the deficit in the operating budget for 1925; $51,629.50 as a further gift 
toward the building fund deficit ; the purchase of the skins of the Man- 
Eaters of Tsavo, now on display, mounted; and, together with Messrs. 
Henry J. Patten and Charles B. Pike, the gift of the Gunther ethnological 
and ethnographical collection. President Field also contributed $14,300 
toward the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Fund, of which he is the 
exclusive patron. 

The Captain Marshall Field annuity of $100,000 continues to enable 
the Museum to extend its expeditionary program and to widen the scope 
of its publications. Most of the expeditions sent out by the Museum 
during the year were partly or wholly indebted to this fund. A new 
series of publications, the Technique Series, dealing with museum prac- 
tice, both administrative and scientific, was inaugurated, two numbers 
being issued. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 395 

Late in the year, Captain Marshall Field announced his intention 
to present to the IMuseiun a series of twenty-six sculptures of prize 
British domestic animals for exhibition in the Department of Zoology. 
These sculpttires are the work of the well-known English sculptor, 
Herbert Haseltine. 

Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., gave $30,000 to the Museum for the pur- 
chase of an admirable set of three life-size groups, cast in bronze, por- 
traying native Africans engaging in lion spearing. These bronzes are 
the work of the noted sculptor and taxidermist, Carl E. Akeley. 

"The Chronicles of America," a series of thirty-four motion picture 
films, totalling one hundred reels, devoted to American history issued by 
the Yale University Press, was the gift of Mr. Chauncey Keep in 
memory of his son, Henry Blair Keep, who lost his life in the World 
War. These films have already been shown in a children's series and 
in a series of entertainments for foreign bom citizens. 

The generous contributions of Mr. Edward E. Ayerto the ornitholog- 
ical library and the pewter collection which bear his name and to the 
general zoological library, were continued throughout the year, many 
rare and valuable additions being made. 

A collection of 160 rhinoceros-horn libation cups was presented by 
Mr. John J. Mitchell through the instrumentality of Mr. Ayer. These 
cups are of particular interest because of the former belief that cups 
made of this material neutralized poison and rendered the drinker safe 
from assassination in that manner. 

Mr. William J. Chalmers continued his annuity for the upkeep and 
growth of the William J. Chalmers Crystal Collection. 

A collection containing 38,731 eggs has been deposited with the 
Museum by Judge R. Magoon Barnes, Assistant Curator of Oology. 
Judge Barnes will continue to share responsibility with the Museum for 
the growth and care of this collection during his lifetime, after which 
it will pass into the sole ownership of the Museum. 

The first use of the fund provided by Mr. Julius Rosenwald and 
Mrs. Augusta N. Rosenwald was to defray the expenses of an ethno- 
logical expedition among the Sauk, Fox, Winnebago and Potawatomi 
Indians. Mr. M. G. Chandler who undertook this expedition, secured 
many valuable specimens, reference to which is made elsewhere. 

The membership campaign has continued to be effective; a con- 
siderable portion of the greatly increased membership being attributable 
to the growth in the Museum's activities. 

The additions to the staff during the year included the appointment 
of Dr. A. L. Kroeber as Research Associate in American Archeology, 

396 Field Museum of Natuil\l History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

the appointment of Mr. Sharat K. Roy as Assistant Curator in Inver- 
tebrate Paleontology and the employment of a third guide-lecturer. 
The resignations of Miss Helen C. Gunsaulus, Assistant Curator of 
Japanese Ethnology, and Mr. Charles L. Owen, Assistant Curator of 
Archeology-, are announced. 

In appreciation of their valuable ser\'ices to science: Mr. Chauncey 
Keep, Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., Mr. Julius Rosenwald and Mrs. 
Augusta N. Rosenwald were elected Honorary Members of the Museum; 
Mr. Silas H. Strawn. Mr. Theodore Roosevelt, Mr. Kermit Roosevelt 
and Mr. Frederick C. Hack were elected Patrons of the Mu.seum. 

Maintenance and improvement in the Museum building received 
their proper attention during the year. Among the improvements may 
be mentioned the construction of improved cases for the storage of 
specimens in various departments and the covering of the skylights in 
the Department of Botany Library and in the Edward E. Ayer Library. 
Thirty-four new exhibition cases were built and installed. New book- 
shelves and other library furniture were installed in the Department of 
Anthropology Library. Twenty-four large curtain walls were built and 
installed in the zoological exhibition halls. Iron railing was built 
around a number of exhibits, 420 feet of railing being installed. 

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the Clyde W. Riley Adver- 
tising System for the use during the year of a page in the programs of 
the theatres of Chicago, and to the transportation companies for the 
exhibition of posters. 


General Lectures. — The Forty-third and Forty-fourth Free Lec- 
ture Courses of Field Museum of Natural History were given in the 
James Simpson Theatre on Saturday afternoons during the Spring and 
Autumn months. Occasion is here taken to thank the scientists and 
explorers who participated in these courses. They were welcomed by 
appreciative audiences. Following are the programs for both courses: 

February 28 — "Birds of Field. Forest and Garden." 

Dr. G. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of Natural 
History, New York. 

March 7 — "Mexico." 

Mr. Frederick Monsen, Pasadena, California. 

March 14 — "Over the Higher Yosemite Trails." 

Mr. Ford Ashman Carpenter, Los Angeles, Cali- 

Jan., 1926 
March 21- 

March 28- 
April 4- 

April 1 1- 

April 18- 

April 25- 

October 3- 

October 10- 
October 1 7- 
October 24- 

October ^1- 
November 7- 

November 14- 

Annual Report of the Director 


November 21 — 

November 28 — 

"Seal Hunting off the Coast of Newfoundland and 

Captain Robert A. Bartlett, Washington, D. C. 
"Music of Primitive People." 

Mr. Henry Purmort Eames, Chicago. 

"Great Mountains and Strange Comers of the Orient." 

Mr. Richard Halliburton, Memphis, Tennessee. 
"Java and its People" (Arthur B. Jones Expedition, 

Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole, Leader of the Expedition. 

"Bird Manor— (Home Life of Wild Bird.s)." 

Mr. T. Walter Weiseman, Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania. 

"Trail Riders of the Rockies." 

Colonel Philip Moore, Department of Public In- 
struction, Washington, D. C. 

"Hunting the Extinct Animals of Patagonia." 

Mr. Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleon- 
tolog>'. Field Museum of Natural History. 
"The Australian Bush." 

Captain Kilroy Harris, Cleveland, Ohio. 
"Wild Animals in Captivity." 

Mr. George F. Morse, Jr., Chicago. 
"The Maya, the Greeks of the New World." 

Dr. Sylvanus G. Morely, Carnegie Institution, 
Washington, D. C. 
"Old Indian Trails." 

Mr. Walter McClintock, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 
"Life and Industries of Native Tribes of Central West 
Dr. Amandus Johnson, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
"Educational Work in the National Parks — Present 
Development and Possibility for the Future." 
Hon. Stephen T. Mather, Director of National 
Parks, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Edward Chiera, in Charge of the American 
School of Oriental Research in Baghdad. 

Dr. G. Clyde Fisher, American Musetun of Natural 
History, New York City. 

398 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

In addition to the announced courses, the following special lectures 
were delivered during the year: 

February 14 — "Hunting and Collecting in Many Lands." 

Mr. Kermit Roosevelt. 

February 15— "The River of Doubt." 

Mr. Kermit Roosevelt. 

March i — "My Winter in North Greenland." 

Captain Donald B. MacMillan. 

December 5 — "In Search of the Unknown." 

Captain Donald B. MacMillan. 

December 6 — "In Search of the Unknown." 

Captain Donald B. MacMillan. 

December 19 — "Indian Life in Song and Story." 

Mr. A. T. Freeman (Gai-i-wah-go-wah) . 

December 20 — "From the Sargasso Sea to the Galapagos." 

Mr. WilHam Beebe. 

Americanization Programs. — In July, 1925, Mr. Chauncey Keep 
presented the Museiim with the Yale University Press Chronicles of 
American Photoplays as a memorial to his son, Henry Blair Keep, who 
lost his Hfe in the World War. The completed series will bring the 
Museum thirty-four historical motion pictures totaling one hundred 
reels. At present, fifteen subjects have been made and are lodged in the 
Museum's vaults. The others will follow as soon as they are released 
by the Yale University Press. The ownership of these films made it 
possible for the Museum, with the cooperation of the Citizenship Com- 
mittee of the Chicago Council of Social Agencies, to join definitely in 
Chicago's Americanization work; and it did so by arranging two series 
of American history motion pictures which were shown in the James 
Simpson Theatre on Sunday afternoons throughout the Autumn. Fol- 
lowing is the program for the first course: 

September 20 — "Colimibus." 

September 27 — "The Pilgrims." 
"The Puritans." 

October 4 — "Peter Stuyvesant." 

"The Gateway to the West." 
"Wolfe and Montcahn." 

October 1 1— "The Eve of the Revolution." 

"The Declaration of Independence." 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 399 

October 18 — "Vincennes." 

"Daniel Boone." 

"The Frontier Woman." 

October 25 — "Yorktown." 

"Alexander Hamilton." 

The second Simday afternoon course (November i to December 13, 
omitting December 6) repeated this program. The Americanization 
courses proved most popular, capacity audiences attending them. 

Entertainments for Children. — Two series of entertainments for 
children were given in the James Simpson Theatre. The Spring course 
was composed of a series of motion pictures on natural history, travel 
and industries, viith one lecture and one introductory talk as special 
events. The Autumn course combined the Chronicles of America 
Photoplay's (see Americanization Programs) with natural history sub- 
jects in a series of fourteen programs. In connection with both courses, 
Museum Stories for Children were prepared by the guide-lecturers and 
distributed at each entertainment. Twenty-three stories in editions of 
from 2000 to 3000 each were so distributed and many additional copies 
were used as reference material in the schools. Capacity audiences 
attended the entertainments, the programs for which follow : 

February 28 — 10:30 a.m. A lecture: "Wild Animals Near Home." 

Dr. G. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of Natural 
History, New York City. 

9:30 and 11:30 a.m. Moving Pictures: "The Four 

March 7 — "The Story of Beginnings." 

March 14 — *"Beyond the Snow Line." 

Introductory talk by Dr. A. S. Johnson. 
t"Elephant Seals." 

March 21 — "Animal Athletes." 

"Feathered Fishermen." 

"Mysteries of Prehistoric Indians in Yucatan." 

"A Goldfish Story." 

"The Kindly Fruits of Earth." 

March 28— "The Hare and the Tortoise." 
"Friends of Man." 
"Steel: From Iron Ore to Rails." 

*tGrateful acknowldgment is made to Doctor A. S. Johnson for the loan of motion pictures 
marked with an asterisk and to Mrs. Keith Spalding for the gift of motion pictures marked with a 

400 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI, 


"Johanna, an Untrained Chimpanzee." 
"Pirates of the Air." 

4 — "The Story of Bedouin Life in the Desert." 

II — "From Caves to Skyscrapers." 
"The Lion and the Fly." 
"Peculiar Pets." 





September 19- 
September 26- 
October 3- 

October 10- 

October 17- 

The Science of a Soap-bubble." 

"Bobbie's Ark." 
"Experiments with Sulphur." 
"The Silver Salmon." 
"Spirit Wrestlers." 

"Little People of the Garden." 
"Little People of the Sea." 
1 "The Last Stand of the Red Man." 
"The Grasshopper and the Ant." 

"In the Land of the Incas." 


-"The Pilgrims." 
"Out of the Sea." 
"Animal Vegetarians." 

-"The Puritans." 
"Water Babies." 

-"Peter Stuyvesant." 

"Willing Captives." 

October 24— "The Gateway to the West." 
"Sea Lions." 

October 31 — "Wolfe and Montcalm." 
"The Unselfish SheU." 
"America's Granary." 

November 7 — "The Eve of the Revolution." 
"The Apache Trail." 
"Six-legged Friends." 






One-third actual size. 


Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 401 

November 14 — "The Declaration of Independence." 
"Birds and Flowers." 
"Handling Animals in the Zoo." 

November 21 — "Vincennes." 

"The Petrified Forest." 
"Furs and Feathers." 

November 28 — "Daniel Boone." 
"The Butterfly." 
"A Glimpse into the Animal Kingdom." 

December 5 — "The Frontier Woman." 
"Birds of Crags and Marshes." 

December 12 — "Yorktown." 
"Hoofs and Horns." 

December 19 — "Alexander Hamilton." 
"Seminole Indians." 
"Beetle Studies." 

Radio Talks. — At various times, through the cooperation of the 
Chicago Daily News Station WM AQ talks by members of the Museimi 
staff were broadcast by radio. The majority of the programs given 
over WMAQ were "Radio Photologues," accompanied by rotogravure 
illustrations in the Saturday editions of the Chicago Daily News. Two 
programs were given through Sears-Roebuck & Company, Station WLS. 
Following is the list for the year : 

January 28 — WLS, "The Sacrifice of a Captive Maiden by the 

Pawnee Indians." 

Mrs. Dorothy Cockrell. 
February 7 — WMAQ, "The Harris Extension of Field Museum of 

Natiu-al History." 

Mr. S. C. Simms. 
June 20— WMAQ, "Brazil." 

Dr. O. C. Farrington. 
June 25 — WMAQ, "Hunting Prehistoric Animals." 

Mr. E. S. Riggs. 
July II — "Head Himters of the Philippines." 

Mr. S. C. Simms. 
July 18— WMAQ, "Fur Seals of Alaska." 

Dr. W. H. Osgood. 

402 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

July 25— WMAQ, "Ontario Gold." 

Dr. H. W. Nichols. 

August I— WMAQ, "The Lower Texas Border." 

Mr. A. C. Weed. 

(This talk was repeated over KWWG, the Brownsville, Texas, Chamber of Commerce Station, 
about October 31.) 

August 8— WMAQ, "The Roof of South America." 

Mr. C. C. Sanborn. 

August 15— WMAQ, "The Andes of Peru." 

Mr. J. F. Macbride. 

August 22— WMAQ, "The Thousand Islands off Florida." 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren. 

August 29— WMAQ, "Kish." 

Professor E. A. Henry, 

September 5— WMAQ, "Polynesia." 

Dr. Ralph Linton. 

September 30— WLS, "Field Museum." 

Mr. H. E. Wheelex. 

October 30 — WMAQ, "Hunting Extinct Animals of Patagonia." 

Mr. E. S. Riggs. 


Two new series of publications were inaugurated during the year, 
the Technique Series and Anthropology, Memoirs. In the Technique 
Series it is planned to embrace the subject of muscology, dealing with 
museum methods and practices, both administrative and scientific. 
Two numbers in this series were published dtiring the year. In Memoirs 
is being published the results of anthropological expeditions of especial 
merit and permanent value. One niunber has been published in this 

In the regular publication series, eleven publications have been 
issued, seven of them being of the Zoological Series. In the Design 
Series two publications were issued. Six numbers were added to the 
general leaflet series. 

Following is a list of the publications and leaflets issued during the 

Pub. 224— Zoological Series, Vol. XIV, No. 3. The Brains of the South 
American Marsupials Caenolestes and Orolestes. By Jeanette 
Brown Obenchain. January, 1925. 59 pages. 4 halftones, 9 
zinc etchings. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 403 

Pub. 225 — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 3. The Taxonomy of Poison 
Ivy, with a note on the Origin of the Generic Name. By 
James B. McNair. March, 1925. 23 pages, 1 1 zinc etchings. 

Pub. 226 — Zoological Series, Vol. XV, Part II. The Marine Fishes of 
Panama. By S. E. Meek and S. F. Hildebrand. April, 1925. 
385 pages. 46 halftones. 

Pub. 227 — Report Series, Vol. VI, No. 4. Annual Report of the Director 
for the year 1924. January, 1925. 119 pages. 16 photograv- 

Pub. 228— Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 8. Two New Birds from 
Peru. By John T. Zimmer. May, 1925. 12 pages. 

Pub. 229 — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 9. The Long-clawed South 
American Rodents of the Genus Notiomys. By W. H. Osgood. 
October, 1925. 16 pages, i halftone. 

Pub. 230 — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 10. New Coral Snakes from 
Peru. By Kari P. Schmidt and F. J. W. Schmidt. October, 
1925. 8 pages. 3 halftones. 

Pub. 231 — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 4. South American Plants. By 
J. Francis Macbride. June, 1925. 20 pages. 

Pub. 232 — Geological Series, Vol. IV, No. 4. On the Head of the Macro- 
petalichthyids. By Erik A:son Stensio. October, 1925. 114 
pages. 10 halftones, 13 photogravures, 10 zincs, 7 colored 

Pub. 2^2) — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 1 1 . A Review of the Fishes of 
the Genus Signalosa. By Alfred C. Weed. October, 1925. 
12 pages. 

Pub. 234 — Zoological Series, Vol. XIII, Part. 4. Catalog of Birds of the 
Americas. Initiated by Charles B. Cory. Continued by 
Charles E. Hellmayr. December 29, 1925. 390 pages, i 
colored plate. 

Anthropology, Memoirs 

Vol. I, No. I. Report on the Excavation of the "A" Cemetery at Kish, 
Mesopotamia. Part I. By Ernest Mackay with preface by Stephen 
Langdon. 1925. 64 pages, quarto size, 20 plates. 

Design Series 

Anthropology, Design Series No. 3. Chinese Baskets. By Berthold 
Laufer. 38 photogravures and preface of two pages, in carton. 
Edition 1500. 

404 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Anthropology, Design Series No. 4. Decorative Art of New Gtdnea. 
By Albert Buell Lewis, i photogravure, preface of two pages and 
52 plates. Edition 3000. 


Anthropology, No. 21. Ivory in China. By Berthold Laufer. 10 
photogravures. 78 pages. Edition 1619. 

Anthropology. Index to Tobacco Leaflets. By B. Laufer, A. B. Lewis, 
R. Linton and J. A. Mason. 8 pages. Edition 546. 

Anthropology. Index to Japanese Leaflets. By Helen C. Gunsaulus. 
7 pages. Edition 543. 

Botany, No. 11. Common Trees. By J. Francis Macbride. 2 photo- 
gravures. 43 halftones. 44 pages. Edition 6010. 

Geology, No. 5. Soils. By Henry W. Nichols. 6 photogravures. 13 

pages. Edition 3060. 
Geology, No. 6. The Moon. By Oliver C. Farrington. 2 photogravures. 

13 pages. Edition 3055. 

Geology, No. 7. Early Geological History of Chicago. By Henry W. 
Nichols. 4 photogravures. 6 maps in color. 6 halftones. 30 pages. 
Edition 3048. 

Zoology, No. 7. The Man-Eating Lions of Tsavo. By Lieutenant- 
Colonel J. H. Patterson, D.S.O. 6 halftones. One map. 40 pages. 
Edition 6000. 

Technique Series 

No. I. Herbarium Organization. By Charles F. Millspaugh. 18 pages. 

Edition 11 00. 
No. 2. New Uses of Celluloid and Similar Material in Taxidermy. By 

Leon L. Walters. 7 plates. 20 pages. Edition 11 00. 


The total number of books and pamphlets in all departments of the 
Library at the close of the year was approximately eighty-seven thou- 
sand. The total number of accessions for the year was two thousand, 
four hundred and forty-one. 

The additions to the Library have been largely through gifts and 
exchanges. Purchases of books were influenced by the needs of the 
work in hand in the various departments. The exchanges of the year 
have been gratifjdng. A nimiber of foreign institutions have sent their 
publications to assist in filling in or completing their files or have sent 

IJUi^itiiijlH Ul= JtUilOiS 




































Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 405 

special publications that were issued during or since the war. Individual 
contributors both at home and abroad have continued to show their 
interest by sending contributions. 

The niunber of Publications and Leaflets distributed by the Museum 
during the year has had a stimulating effect on the exchange list. Pub- 
lications have been received from seven hundred and eight individuals 
and institutions. 

The search for ornithological literature has been continued until it 
has narrowed down to rare desiderata. The result of this year's search 
has been very satisfactory as it has brought many valuable and rare 
works to enrich the Edward E. Ayer Ornithological Library. In all Mr. 
Ayer has presented this year six hundred and thirty-eight volumes. 
Among the notable works received are : 

Alpina, 4 volumes, 1806- 1809. 

Neue alpina, 2 volumes, 1821-1827. 

Ardea, volume i, 191 2. 

Audubon, The birds of America, 2nd edition, 7 volumes, i860. 

Bailey, H. H., The birds of Florida, 1925. 

Duperrey, L. L, Voyage autour du monde. . . sur la corvette, 
la Coquille., 2 volumes in 4, 1826- 1830. 

Eschschaltz, Zoologischer atlas, 1829-1833. 

Forbush, E. H., Birds of Massachusetts and other New England 
states, 1925. 

Gosse, P. H., Illustrations of the birds of Jamaica, 1849. 
Grandidier, A., Histoire naturelle des oiseaux, Madagascar, 

4 volumes, 1878-1881. 
Krause, G., Oologia universalis palaearctic, 78 plates, 1905-1915. 

Kuroda, N., A contribution to the knowledge of the avifauna of 
the Riu-Kiu islands, 1925. 

' Lavauden, L., Voyage de M. Babault en Tunisie. Oiseaux, 1924. 

Lee, O. A. J., Among British birds and their nesting haunts, 4 
volumes, 1897. 

Macgillivray, W., A history of British birds, 5 voltmies, 1837- 

Milne-Edwards, A., Recherches sur les oiseaux de la France, 

2 volumes, 1867- 1872. 

Navmiann, J. F. and Buhle, C. A., Die eier der vogel Deutsch- 
lands, 18 1 8. 

4o6 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Nilsson, S., Ornithologia suecica, 2 volumes, 1817, 1821. 

Olphe-Gaillard, L., Contribution a la faune omithologique de 

I'Etirope, 1884-1892. 
Osbeck, P., Reise nach Ostindien und China, 1765. 
Pelt-Lechner, A. A .van, "Oologia neerlandica, "2 volumes, 19 10- 

Pennant, T., Arctic zoology, 2 volumes, 1 784-1 785. 

Richardson, J. and Gray, J. E., The zoology of the voyage of 
H. M. S. Erebus, 2 voliunes, 1845-1875. 

Rochebrune, A. T. de, Faune de la Senegambie. Oiseaux, 1883- 

Ross, A. M., Birds of Canada, 1872. 
Simdevall, C. J., Svenska foglarna, 4 volumes in 3, 1856-1886. 

Temminck, C. J., Catalogue systematique du cabinet d'orni- 
thologie et de la collection de quadrumanes, 1807. 

Wright, M. v., Funlands foglar, 2 volumes, 1859, 1873. 
Zichy, E., Dritte asiatische forschungsreise. Zoologische ergeh- 
nisse, 1901. 

Mr. Ayer also purchased for the zoological library the following 
works ; 

Audubon and Bachman, Viviparous quadiiipeds of North Amer- 
ica, original edition, 5 volumes, 1845. 

Azara, Quadrupeds of Paraguay, 1838. 

Buffon, Oeuvres completes, 34 volumes, 1827-1828. 

Buff on, Oeuvres completes, Daubenton, 40 volumes, 1824-1830. 

Chinese fishes, illustrations. 

Couch, History of the fishes of the British Islands, first edition, 
4 volumes, 1862- 1865. 

Gould, Kangaroos. 

Gould, Mammals of Australia, 3 volumes, 1863. 

Maxwell, Stalking big game with camera in equatorial Africa, 
de luxe edition, 1924. 

Millais, Breath from the veldt. 

Museimi National d'Histoire, Natiu-elle Annales, 20 volumes, 

Museum National d'Histoire, Naturelle Memoires, 20 voliimes, 

Naturaliste, 32 volumes, 1877-1910. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 407 

Scopoli, J. A., Annus I-V historico-natiiralis, 5 plates in i, 1769- 

Thorbum, British mammals, 2 volumes, 1 920-1 921. 

The catalogue of the Edward E. Ayer Ornithological Library that 
has been in preparation for a couple of years is nearly ready for the 
press. Originally this was planned to be simply a check list, though a 
comprehensive and useftd one, but as the work progressed it has become 
instead a bibHography that contains information and facts that will 
make it for all time an indispensable manual to every student of orni- 

The activities of the Library during the year were largely confined 
to the usual routine work necessary to keep available the material in 
the Library and the current accessions as they were received. There 
were written and inserted in the various catalogues ten thousand two 
hundred and eighty-one cards. From the John Crerar Library were re- 
ceived and filed eight thousand seven hundred and fifty-four cards. 
There were sent to the binder}' nine hundred and twenty-foiir volumes 
of periodicals, serials and other unbound publications. 

Owing to various conditions it had not been feasible hitherto to 
make an inventory of the books in the departmental libraries since their 
final reorganization but this past year an inventory was taken of the 
anthropological, botanical and zoological libraries. This was necessarily 
a slow process and consumed much time owing to the various changes 
that had been made. The results were, however, quite satisfactory. 

The need of more shelf room in the general library was met by the 
addition of one stack. A rearrangement of the lighting system made in 
the stacks has added much to their convenience as well as economy of 
electricity. A built-in case for the sample backs used in binding was 
also added. 

The completion of the Union list of serials of the Hbraries of the 
United States and Canada is anticipated as a valuable bibliographical 
aid and the Library is sending in its list of periodicals to be incorporated 
as the parts are issued. 

Advantage has been taken of the inter-library loan service for books 
needed by the staff. This service is of the greatest value to research 
workers, making available as it does the resources of the libraries of 
the coimtr}' under an arrangement whereby rare books may be borrowed 
and lent w^ith insured safety. Acknowledgment of indebtedness is made 
to the libraries from which books have been borrowed during the year. 
The Library has been able to reciprocate with loans to other institutions. 

4o8 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 



Anthropology. — The work of cataloguing in the Department of 
Anthropology has been continued as usual during the current year, the 
number of catalogue cards prepared totaling 4,389. These cards are 
distributed geographically as follows for the accessions received during 
the year: South American and Mexican archaeology and ethnology, 
2,103; North American archaeology and ethnology, 864; Australia and 
Africa, 39; Egypt, 3; Melanesia, 27; Micronesia, 7; Polynesia, 157; 
Europe, 58; China, 165; Japan, 8; Borneo and Java, 115; India and 
Siam, 3; Ayer pewter collection, 81; total, 3,630. The following cards 
were prepared this year for accessions received pre\'ious to 1925: 
South American archaeology and ethnology, 5 ; North American archae- 
ology and ethnology, 83; Africa, 7; Egypt, 4; Polynesia, 5; Europe, 30; 
Japan, 22; Korea, i; China, 489; Persia and India, 10; Federated 
Malay States, 86; Ayer pewter collection, 17; total, 759. The total 
nimiber of cards prepared was 4,389. Of these cards, 2,389, with the 
addition of 407 cards for the Arthur B. Jones collection, have been 
entered in the inventory books of the Department which now number 
44, making a total of 2,796 cards entered. The ntimber of annual acces- 
sions amounts to 84, 64 of which have been entered. Twenty-three 
accessions from previous years were also entered. The total number of 
catalogue cards entered from theopening of the first voiimie is 166,685. 

Several thousand labels for use in exhibition cases were prepared 
and installed during the year, the nimiber of labels suppHed by the 
printer totaling 5,100. These labels are distributed as follows: Poly- 
nesia, 3,272; China, 1,023; Malaysia (Arthur B. Jones collection), 
305; Ayer pewter collection, 237; Stanley Field Hall, 129; American 
Indians, 102; Egypt, 32; total 5,100. 

The Department was supplied with 8,490 catalogue cards and 150 
maps for the cases in the new Pol^mesian Hall. One hundred and 
forty-one label cards were prepared and added to the label-file. Three 
hundred and one photographs were added to the departmental albums, 
and one new album for New Zealand was started. 

Botany. — In the Department of Botany catalogue, 3,173 entries 
were made during the year, bringing the total number of catalogue 
volumes to 63 and the catalogued specimens in the department to 
553.249- The entries added to the department card index to collectors 
number 34, and to the index of geographic localities, 11. About 120 
cards were added to the catalogue of plant names. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 409 

About 4,000 new genus covers were pro\'ided, one-half of these for 
the Illinois Herbarium in connection with its complete reorganization, 
some himdreds for fungi and the rest for new additions to the main 
herbarium of flowering plants. 

Descriptive labels were written during the year for additions to the 
exhibits in the Hall of Plant Life and various old labels were revised. 
For the plant economic exhibits labels were prepared for the cane and 
beet sugar exhibits, for the miscellaneous collection of sugars and for 
the re\dsed wood distillation products. 

Geology. — The total number of new catalogue entries for the year 
was 8,706. The majority of these were of invertebrate fossils of the 
Borden collection, the cataloguing of which is still in progress. All new 
accessions received during the year have been catalogued, except the 
collections of the Captain Marshall Field paleontological expeditions in 
Argentina and Bolivia of which 434 specimens have been recorded. 

Cataloguing of the Borden collection of invertebrate fossils per- 
formed during the year has involved examining a total of 9,621 speci- 
mens, of which 7,778 have been identified and labeled, and 1,843 o^ 
previous entry have been checked and labeled. During this work 25 
undescribed species have been discovered and the high quality of the 
collection confirmed. The specimens received from the South American 
paleontological expeditions have all been unpacked, grouped according 
to species and placed in trays. 

A complete catalogue of the Department series of lantern sHdes was 
prepared and the slides then transferred to the General Files. The total 
number of slides so catalogued was 1,774. The slides were grouped 
geographically, labels were provided where they were lacking and any 
needed repairs on individual slides were made. 

The miscellaneous collection of large maps, numbering no, was 
classified and catalogued. The maps were then arranged in drawers in 
such a way as to make them readily available for reference. With 303 
of the topographic maps of the United States Geological Survey there 
were filed brief labels descriptive of the topographic features shown. 
Eighty-six additional maps of this series were received dtuing the year, 
making a total of 2,993 U. S. Geological Survey topographic maps now 
on hand. All are filed alphabetically by sheets and grouped according 
to the states. 

The smaller specimens of meteorites, 611 in nimiber, not suited for 
exhibition were placed in trays, arranged in alphabetical order and the 
labeling of each checked. 

4IO Field Museum op Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Sixteen trays were provided for the card catalogue of the Depart- 
ment library and the catalogue, numbering 4,665 cards, was transferred 
to them. To the Department photograph albums 554 prints were added 
during the year, making a total of 4,970 prints in these albums. All 
except the latest of these are fully labeled. The prints added were 
chiefly of photographs made by the Captain Marshall Field Expeditions 
to Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil. 

A total of 64^ labels was written during the year. These included 
descriptive labels written for the series of blast furnace models, the 
cement plant model and for some of the exhibits in Stanley Field Hall. 
The shorter labels were chiefly for newly installed specimens of crystals, 
gems, fossils and ores. There were received from the printing depart- 
ment 590 labels. 

Zoology. — Regular cataloguing of zoological specimens proceeded 
at an increased rate. The total number of regular entries was 6,104 
as against 3,782 the preceding year. They were distributed as follows: 
Mammals, 1,477; Birds, 10; Reptiles and Amphibians, 1,535; Fishes, 
3,042; Insects, 10. Additional card entries in the index catalogues of 
mammals and of reptiles nimibered 2,906, making the total of all entries 
for the year 8,985. 

In the division of mammals, about one thousand specimens have 
been labeled, these being largely from the Peruvian collections of 1922- 
23. All skulls of the Chilean collection have been numbered and, when 
identified, have also been labeled. Reptiles and amphibians, for the 
most part, have been identified, labeled, and shelved. Exhibition labels 
were prepared for all new exhibits and about 300 labels were printed 
to replace old ones in the systematic exhibit of fishes in order to make 
the labeling in this exhibit uniform throughout. 

Photographic prints in the Department of Zoology, which have 
received little attention for some years, were subjected to rearrangement 
and classification. The departmental albums now contain 6,554 prints 
of which 519 were mounted during 1925 and 1026 were labeled with 
data as to svibject, locality and source. 

The state of the catalogues at the end of the year is as follows: 

Department of Anthropology. . 

Department of Botany 

Department of Geology 

Department of Zoology 


Total of 

Number of 

Entries to 


Total of 

Record Books 

Dec. 31 


























Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 411 


Anthropology. — The new accessions received during the year by 
the Department of Anthropology amount to 84, the highest nimiber of 
accessions ever recorded in any year. Of these 65 are by gift, 3 as the 
result of Museum expeditions, 9 by exchange and 7 by purchase. These 
accessions aggregate a total of 8,037 objects, and many are of great 
value and importance. 

Among the treasures brought back from Egypt by Professor Breasted, 
the granite statue of Senmut, an architect of the fifteenth century B.C., 
occupies the first rank. The statue, presented by Mr. Ernest R. Graham, 
is a Httle under one-third life-size. The famous architect was the guardian 
of the young princess whom he tenderly carries in his arms. This princess 
was the daughter of the celebrated Queen Hatshepsut, the first great 
woman recorded in history. There are three inscriptions on the statue : 
one of six lines on the front; another, of three lines on the base; and a 
third, of one line on the plinth behind. According to the six-line inscrip- 
tion on the front of the architect's garment, the statue was presented 
to him as a token of favor from the Queen herself, and is therefore the 
work of a royal sculptor. Senmut was the builder of the magnificent 
temple of Deir-el-Bahri, close by the tomb of Tutenkhamen, and erected 
the obelisks of Queen Hatshepsut. The Queen whom he served was an 
able politician, and he was one of the leaders of the coterie which she 
gathered about her. Eventually, however, the whole group fell, includ- 
ing the Queen, and our architect's name was cut out wherever it ap- 
peared on the monuments of Egypt. It is interesting to note that his 
name is also effaced on this statue, though there are several places where 
it is still unmistakable. This, according to Professor Breasted, goes to 
show that our statue once stood in a public place, and circumstances 
warrant the conviction that this place could only be the great Kamak 
temple. This sculpture, therefore, with its inscriptions, is one of para- 
mount historical interest and importance. The Museum, further, se- 
cured through Professor Breasted a bronze sistrum and nine excellent 
bronze statuettes as follows: torso of Taharka, the standing figure of a 
king of the Middle Kingdom, a royal standing figure with face damas- 
keened in gold, a seated figure of the goddess Isis, a superb Horus Bird 
with golden eyes, a standing figure of Nefertem, a standing figure of the 
Moon-god, a Scorpion goddess, and a sitting figure of Imhotep, the 
father of architecture in stone masonry, holding an open papyrus roll 
in his lap. Although the last is only four inches in height, it is a very 
remarkable portrait statuette of great artistic quality. The granite 
statue and bronzes, together with a collection of 154 beautiful alabaster 

412 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

vases and bowls, were presented to the Museum by Mr. Ernest R. 
Graham. A magnificent collection of 580 ancient Egyptian and Coptic 
textiles discovered in tombs and likewise selected by Professor Breasted 
in Egypt was presented by President Stanley Field. Professor P. E. 
Newberry, the English expert in textiles, regards this as the best collec- 
tion of ancient textiles outside the South Kensington Museum of 
London. It consists not only of numerous panels, medallions, and 
borders with woven and embroidered designs, but also of complete linen 
garments in a wonderful state of preservation. It includes a rug (35 x 27 
inches) with a heavy nap, decorated with geometric designs in red, blue, 
green and yellow, according to Professor Breasted, the oldest woven rug 
in existence (about 200 B.C.). 

An oil-painting (6x8 feet) representing the Rock Temple at Aboo 
Simbel, Egypt, and painted in 1874 by Andrew McCallum, has been 
presented by Mr. Thomas S. Hughes, a well-known art-dealer and 
connoisseiu- of Chicago. This is a very instructive picture of great 
archaeological interest. The temple of Aboo Simbel hewn out of the 
solid rock, with a front 119 feet wide and over a hundred feet high, is 
one of the marvels of ancient Egyptian architecture, and was built by 
Ramses II (1292-25 B.C.). The four gigantic statues which adorn the 
facade, each being 65 feet in height, represent the king himself and are 
excellent portraits of him. There are also smaller figures representing 
members of his family, as his mother, wife and two of his daughters. 
Andrew McCallum was a noted landscapist whose work attracted the 
favorable notice of Queen Victoria. He was bom at Nottingham, 
England, in 1828, studied in Paris and Italy, became director of the 
Manchester School of Art, and died in 1902. The gilt frame of the 
painting is carved with designs of Egyptian style. Mr. Hughes also 
presented two very interesting wooden statuettes, one from China and 
one from Burma, which had been obtained by Sir Thomas Marion 
Wilson on his travels in 1875. 

A notable acquisition of great interest is represented by an extensive 
collection illustrating the culture of a large group of Negro tribes who 
belong to the western Bantu and inhabit the territory of Cameroon 
on the west coast of central Africa. This culture area is distinguished 
by a high development of the industrial arts, particularly in wood and 
ivory carving, weaving and knitting, beadwork, iron forging and metal 
casting, and shows the ability of the Negro at its best. In this respect, 
Cameroon culture displays many affinities with the ancient art of Benin, 
which is well represented by many good examples in the Museum, and 
with that of the Sudan. For this reason this new collection connects 













































UJ c 

iZ H 














Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 413 

well with the Museiim's former acquisitions from Africa exhibited in 
the West Gallery. There is, however, a remarkable difference between 
this and the older collections : the latter were more or less haphazardly- 
brought together, chiefly by way of exchanges, while the new collection, 
made with intelligence and good judgment, is very comprehensive and 
affords an accurate and complete view of a well defined culture area. It 
consists of about two thousand objects of a great variety, most of them 
old, all of superior workmanship and in a good state of preservation, well 
determined according to locality and tribe. Three complete figures of 
dancers — a warrior with mask, knitted suit, shield and spear, one clad 
with feather dress and mask, and another with a beaded head-dress in 
shape of a lizard — are especially noteworthy. There are two well-carved 
wooden beds; two large old wooden drtmis with splendid carvings, the 
property of once powerful chieftains ; about a himdred sculptured wooden 
images, and many excellent carved masks, door-posts, and house-posts. 
Clothing; weapons like bows, crossbows, poisoned arrows, swords, 
daggers, axes, spears, clubs, shields and fire-arms; baskets, bags, mats, 
pottery, knives, implements, tools, harness, fishing appliances, orna- 
ments and musical instruments including fine signal-drirais, are fully 
represented. The most remarkable achievements of this Bantu culture 
are bracelets carved from elephant's ivory and complete elephant's 
tusks carved all over and serving as signal-horns; chieftain's seats of 
wood gorgeously decorated with colored glass beads; picturesquely 
beaded calabashes of enormous size, for palm-wine ; beaded head-dresses 
and other articles of clothing for ceremonial dances; also huge tobacco- 
pipes of clay, wood, and bronze. The bronze castings of these tribes 
rival those of Benin, and their wood-carvings are probably the best 
made in Africa. Many of the latter are portions of chieftain's houses, 
as door and window frames. About six hundred good negatives taken 
in Cameroon over twenty years ago and representing scenery, villages, 
and types of natives accompany the collection. Combined with the 
former acquisitions from Africa, it will form the nucleus of a new 
African Hall to be installed during the coming year in Hall D on the 
ground floor. 

As a further result of the excavations at Kish a very interesting col- 
lection of over seven himdred objects was received this year. These 
include 362 pottery vessels, nimierous stone, shell, bone and metal 
objects, beads, seals, and cups of ostrich-egg shell. 

A fine mat from India, woven from ivory threads (6x3 feet), formerly 
the property of the late Charles B. Cory, Curator of Zoology in the 
Museiim, was acquired through an exchange with his son. 

414 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

Mr. Edward E. Ayer added seventy-five pieces to his collection of 
439 pewters, thus swelling the total to 514 objects. Prominent among 
these new acquisitions are large Chinese tea-jars and trays of the 
Ming period (1368- 1643) decorated with inlays of figures and orna- 
ments in brass, an octagonal Ming tea-pot, each panel inlaid with a 
mythological figure in brass and copper, two puzzle wine-pots in shape 
of peaches made by Shen Chen-chou, a famed pewterer of the Kien-lung 
period (1736-95), candlesticks, colored figures, censers, boxes, tea- 
caddies, and an old English porringer with two flanges decorated with 
palmetto designs. Mrs. Edward E. Ayer presented a decanter with a 
set of four glasses trimmed with elaborately decorated pewter. 

Mrs. Homer J. Tillotson of Los Angeles presented for the Ayer collec- 
tion a pewter chalice coated with a fine dark patina and unearthed in 
17 15 on moorland in Chester, England. It was found embedded in old 
masonry together with church manuscripts, books, and records, which 
prestunably had formed the comer-stone of a chapel. 

A very large collection of rhinoceros-horn cups from China was pre- 
sented by Mr. John J. Mitchell of Chicago. The horn of the rhinoceros 
was chiefly carved by the Chinese into drinking-cups. It was an ancient 
belief that the rhinoceros devours with its food all sorts of vegetable 
poisons and that its horn therefore was capable of neutralizing poison. 
A cup carved from the horn was accordingly credited with the ability to 
detect poison, and was regarded as an efficient antidote. The cups in 
this collection range from the Ming (1368- 1643) to the Manchu dynasty, 
and display a great variety of forms and designs. The natural conditions 
of the horn are admirably adapted to the artist's intentions. In many 
of these cups the shape and designs of ancient bronze and jade vessels 
are skilfully reproduced; others assume the shape of lotus-leaves or 
lotus-flowers, with admirable carvings in high and undercut reliefs. 
The collection affords excellent material for a study of Chinese decora- 
tive motives, as developed diu-ing the last five centuries. 

Three ornamented tomb-bricks of the Han period, China, are the 
gift of Miss Kate S. Buckingham, Chicago. 

Two highly ornamented, so-called "Karen" bronze drums were pur- 
chased of Dr. Joseph F. Rock, who had obtained them on his expedition 
in Upper Siam in 1 920. This type of kettle-dnmi presents an interesting 
archaeological problem, as it is widely distributed over a vast area of 
southeastern Asia stretching from the Island of Hainan through southern 
and western China into Upper Burma and Siam, the Malay Peninsula, 
Java and other islands of the Malay Archipelago. The "Karen" dnrnis 
made by the Shan of Upper Burma are decorated with figures of frogs. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 415 

in the same manner as the two drums of enormous size from southern 
China obtained by the Captain Marshall Field Expedition to China in 
1923. Together with the six bronze drums from Se-chwan Province in 
Case 6, Hall 24, the Museum now owns ten of these drums. 

A remarkable ethnographical collection from the Dayak of eastern 
Dutch Borneo, comprising 143 objects, was presented by Dr. William 
O. Krohn of Chicago, who had visited Borneo himself in 1924, with full 
and interesting data. This collection is the more welcome, as it bears 
on a group of Dayak tribes not visited by the Arthur B. Jones Expedition 
and formerly not represented in the Museum. It comprises blow-pipes, 
swords, spears, good old shields with fine painted designs, costumes, 
hats, ornaments, wooden masks, mats, baskets, musical instruments, 
games and toys. A small collection from the Dayak of Dutch Borneo, 
chiefly consisting of articles of clothing and weapons, is the gift of Mr. 
and Mrs. C. M. Worthington of Chicago. 

Mrs. Dennis O'Keefe presented a dancing costume of dyed Hibiscus 
bark fibers from Papeete, Tahiti, of beautiful color and workmanship and 
unlike an}^hing that the Museiun previously had; a loin-cloth of tapa 
from Suva, Fiji, and two pieces of tapa from Pagopago and Apia, 
Samoa, stamped with interesting designs. Four pieces of Samoan bark- 
cloth or tapa were donated by Mrs. William Larmer, Chicago. Much 
valuable ethnographical material from Hawaii and the Marquesas 
was obtained through exchange with the Bishop Museiun of Honolulu. 
This collection includes stone hammers and adzes, poimders and lamps, 
samples of tapa and implements used in preparing it, excellent wooden 
bowls and platters, gourd bottles, whistles and rattles, shell implements, 
tobacco-pipes, musical instniments, necklaces, Pandanus mats, pillows, 
and fans, fishing implements and feather work. Among the objects from 
the Marquesas is a large wooden image which Dr. Linton had obtained 
while exploring the islands on behalf of the Bishop Museimi. This was 
an ancestral figure to which htmian sacrifices were made when rain was 
desired or when cessation of rain was sought. All this material has been 
utilized in completing the exhibits in the new Polynesian Hall. 

Much material was gathered by the Captain Marshall Field Expedi- 
tion to Peru under the leadership of Dr. A. L. Kroeber: 658 pottery ves- 
sels, 334 lots of pottery sherds, 28 figurines or dolls, 135 textiles, 115 
implements for spinning and weaving, 70 other implements of wood 
and cane, 27 objects of copper and 4 of silver, 29 objects of shell or 
bone, 36 baskets and mats, 35 calabash vessels, 55 desiccated bodies ^ \ 

(so-called miimmies), mostly of children, 283 skulls and lots of bones, 
107 miscellaneous objects including samples of maize and other food- 

4i6 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

stuffs, cotton, wool, feathers, whistles, paint and plaster, stone, false 
cloth faces of "mummies," aggregating a total of 1,971 objects. Many 
pieces of pottery are distinguished by artistic quality, being decorated 
with finely painted designs or fashioned in the shape of fruits. Dr. 
Kroeber spent ten days in the Musevim in December, studying his col- 
lection and preparing his report which will be published by the Museum 
in 1926. The collection is already catalogued and ntmibered, and prep- 
arations are being made for having a goodly portion of it installed 
early in 1926. 

Mr. Edward H. Thompson, to whom the Museiun owes a fine collec- 
tion from the Maya, presented two large pearls found by him last sum- 
mer in the sepulchre of the High Priest at Chichen Itza, Yucatan, 
Mexico. These are believed to be the only pearls ever discovered in the 
Maya area. 

Mrs. Charles B. Cory presented man's and woman's costtmies from 
the Seminole of Florida obtained by the late Curator Charles B. Cory 
during his explorations in Florida in 1894, a record of which is pre- 
served in his book "Hunting and Fishing in Florida" (Boston, 1896). 
As a personal souvenir of Professor Cory and because the Museum 
possesses little from the Seminole, this gift is much appreciated. 

Mr. M. G. Chandler's expedition to the Central Algonlpan 
tribes of the Chicago area, under the Rosenwald fund, resulted 
in a collection of 320 objects representing clothing, mats, bags, 
clubs, spoons, mortars, saddles, snowshoes, flutes, pipes, bundles and 
other ceremonial objects of the Potawatomi, Menominee, Winnebago, 
Misstassini and Chippewa. The most important specimens collected 
among the Potawatomi tribe are ceremonial articles, including a Wabano 
drum, a Medicine Lodge drum and quilled otter for the Medicine 
Lodge with other medicine bags, and medicine slabs made of wood 
and bearing designs representing herbs used as drugs. The most attrac- 
tive articles for exhibition are those decorated with appliqu6 work. A 
very fine series of these was obtained, including most of the techniques 
and designs practised by these people in early days. This work re- 
sembles quite closely that of the Miami tribe, the designs being much 
smaller than those used by other tribes in this locality. These specimens 
are far superior to any these people now wear at their ceremonies, and 
evidently have been handed down as heirlooms for several generations. 
Many were reluctant to part with these treasiires, fearing that the de- 
signs might be lost for them. Among the Menominee, Mr. Chandler 
obtained a rare conjurer's outfit consisting of a bag that contains a 
mounted loon-head which can be so manipulated that it will rise out of 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 417 

the bag, stare around at the spectators and then disappear. He also 
secured the medicine which is said to improve the abiHty of the loon- 
head to perform in this manner. The quilled otter and buckskin 
leggings collected by him among the Winnebago, will serve to round 
out the Museum collection from this tribe. 

Mr. Homer E. Sargent of Pasadena, California, added 29 baskets 
from the Indians of Arizona and California to his former very substantial 
contributions in Indian baskets, and presented an exceedingly fine 
Saltillo scrape (8x4 feet) decorated with geometric designs in red, blue, 
and black on a white background, likewise a pair of snowshoes from the 
Chippewa, an axe, a spear-head, and a dagger beaten out of a nugget of 
native copper by Copper Center Joe, an Indian of the Aishihik tribe in 
the Yukon Territory of Alaska, and reproducing exactly these copper 
weapons as made in ancient times. 

A buckskin skirt and apron, ornamented with abalone shells and 
Chinese coins, of a Karok girl was presented by Miss G. Nicholson of 
Pasadena, California. A gift of ten feather head-dresses of the Hupa, 
California, was made by Mr. Edward E. Ayer. 

Interesting collections of Crow and Cheyenne medicines and medicine 
bundles were obtained through exchanges with Mr. W. Wildschut of 
Billings, Montana, and Mr. M. G. Chandler, Chicago. A very important 
collection from the Hopewell and other motmds of Ohio, amounting to 
369 objects, was secured by exchange with the Ohio State Museum, 
Coliunbus, Ohio. It includes celts, mica and obsidian objects, copper 
ornaments, pipes, bone awls, and tools, and rounds out the Hopewell 
collection of the Museimi very efficiently. Several fine bird stones, gor- 
gets, and discoidals were received as the result of an exchange with 
Mr. H. L. Johnson of Clarksville, Tennessee. Much interesting material 
was obtained by way of exchange with the Logan Musetmi of Beloit 
College, Beloit, Wisconsin, especially many prehistoric copper and 
chipped flint implements and grooved stone axes trom Wisconsin, stone 
celts from other parts of the United States, many implements from the 
stone age of Denmark, a fine pottery vase from Chancay, Peru, and 
another made by the Yuma of California. 

A collection of clothing, weapons, and implements from the Copper 
Eskimo living aroimd Coronation Gulf, Canada, was purchased of 
Mr. John G. Worth, Philadelphia, and will make an interesting ad- 
dition to the Eskimo exhibits in which this group was heretofore not 

A miscellaneous archaeological and ethnographical collection, con- 
sisting of 361 objects from all parts of the world, and formerly the prop- 

41 8 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

erty of Mr. C. F. Gunther, a well-known Chicago collector, is the joint 
presentation of President Stanley Field, Mr. Henry J. Patten, and Mr. 
Charles B. Pike. The late George Manierre, trustee, presented a col- 
lection of 281 objects, among these being interesting tobacco-pipes from 
North America, Mexico, and Japan, numerous stone implements and 
pieces of prehistoric pottery from Illinois, the Mississippi Valley and 
other parts of North America, and baskets from California and obsidian 
flakes from Mexico. 

Botany. — Nearly 9,000 specimens, distributed among 57 acces- 
sions, were added to the collections of the Department of Botany during 
1925. Approximately 2,000 of these were received as gifts, 2,154 i^ 
exchange, and over 3,600 by purchase, while 1,215 were secured on 
Museum expeditions. Although the greater portion of these collections 
consists of herbarium material there are 627 specimens of economic or 
exhibit interest, not including in this number a collection of woods 
which contains 275 pieces. 

The larger or more significant gifts of herbarium specimens include 
a collection of Cycads from Professor C. J. Chamberlain, consisting of 
23 species secured in various parts of the world by the donor and grown 
by him in the conservatory at the University of Chicago. It comprises 
the species upon which Dr. Chamberlain's well-known research has been 
based and constitutes a notable addition to the herbarium. A collection 
of North American plants, mostly from Illinois, by Mr. H. C. Benke is 
especially representative of the grass and sedge flora of the Fox River 
Valley and was obtained over a period of years, following the suggestion 
of Dr. C. F. Millspaugh. Mr. Benke's exhaustive and discriminating 
field-work has determined more definitely the ranges within the state 
of many species, not a few of which he has recorded for the first time 
from localities where they were not known to grow. His gift of 487 
specimens dining 1925 will therefore be of particular value to students 
of the local flora; and, as it also contains a quantity of interesting speci- 
mens from many other states from Florida and Louisiana to Wisconsin, 
and from California, it is one of the most welcome accessions of the 
year. In addition to the carefully mounted material for the Museum 
herbarium, there were 75 duplicates to be used for exchanges. Mr. 
Benke also presented the Museum with 32 photographic plates and 
prints, some of them hand colored, made by him in the city parks pur- 
posely for the use of the Department of Botany. Another collection 
of 300 flowering plants mostly from Arkansas was presented by Mr. 
H. E. Wheeler. This is an excellent representation of the flora of that 
state, includes many of the rarer species and augments most desirably 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 419 

the Museum collection from Arkansas. Twenty-four photographs of 
species of mints, unrepresented in the herbarium, were given to the 
Museum by Dr. Carl Epling of the University of California, Southern 
Branch. A set of 250 sheets of New Zealand ferns were received from 
Mr. S. W. Weis and added to the Museum's growing fern herbarium. 
Mrs. Annie Nethercote contributed 300 European and American speci- 
mens, collected by her during various sojourns abroad and on 
trips in the United States, which were found to contain a num- 
ber of plants representative of interesting localities. Mr. D. C. 
Peattie contributed a set of 121 selected plants from the dune region 
of Indiana, on the flora of which the donor is an authority. The 
Musetun's representation of the plants of the region thereby becomes 
nearly complete. 

The more important accessions of economic specimens include a 
gift from the Com Products Refining Company of samples of all of their 
more recently developed products not included in the series of com 
products presented by them several years ago. These will be added to 
the food products shown in the plant economic exhibits. 

A large collection of woods, American and foreign, was presented 
by Mr. R. R. Stone of Chicago. Among the specimens are many highly 
desirable additions to the reference and exhibit collections. 

Two fine sections of Quebracho wood from Argentina were received 
as a gift from the Tannin Extract Company of Brooklyn. 

Other gifts during the year were: i specimen of tobacco captured 
by Confederate General Gillon near Russellville, Tenn., from Mr. J. A. 
Andrews, Chicago; i herbariiun specimen of the Fox Grape, Indiana, 
from the Honorable J. R. Churchill, Boston, Mass.; 2 specimens 
of palms, Florida, from Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Chicago; 6 specimens 
of wood distillation products from Florida Wood Products Company, 
Jacksonville, Florida; 2 herbarium specimens of mosses, Washington, 
from Mr. Julius Friesser, Chicago; i specimen showing the destruc- 
tive work of ants on wood from Mr. J. P. Hallberg, Winegar, Wis- 
consin; I Hchen, Arctic Region, from Mr. Alfred S. Johnson, Chicago; 
4 herbarium specimens, Illinois, from Mr. J. F. Macbride, Chicago; 
I herbarium specimen of Coronilla varia L., Michigan, from Mr. James 
McCurragh, Portage Point, Onekawna, Mich. ; i herbarium specimen 
of Amyris elemifera L., the timber tree called "Melon," Central America, 
from Dr. S. A. Padilla, Salvador, Central America; i grass specimen, 
Illinois, from Mr. James H. Palmer, Chicago; i specimen of the 
rare Zaccagnia, Argentina, from Dr. J. N. Rose, Washington, D. C; 
4 herbarixmi specimens of Bidens, Costa Rica and Brazil, from Dr. E. E. 

420 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Sherff, Chicago; i fungus specimen, Minnesota, from Dr. M. S. 
Whetstone, Minneapolis, Minn. 

The accessions accredited to expeditions are as follows: 

As a resiilt of the collecting by A. C. Persaud in British Guiana, pro- 
vided for imder the Captain Marshall Field Expedition Fund, there 
were received early in the year specimens of woods from the upper 
Demerara River country'- accompanied by 51 herbarium specimens 
pertaining thereto, together with duplicate sets of these for distribution. 

The collections made by Dr. A. Weberbauer during six weeks early 
in 1925, also under the Captain Marshall Field Fimd, totaled 254 collec- 
tion numbers comprising over 1,000 specimens. Many of these are 
now being determined by specialists in certain plant groups and pre- 
liminary reports indicate that this material is a most important addition 
to the Museum's rich Peruvian herbariimi. 

Although not included in the accessions for 1925 (the material not 
having been received) mention may be made here of the botanical 
work during this year in Peru and Chile of Dr. F. W. Pennell of The 
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia to which the Museum 
contributed from the Captain Marshall Field Fund. Dr. Pennell was 
unusually successful, securing 2,620 numbers or about 10,000 specimens. 

Of the great amount of desirable material received in exchange from 
other institutions special mention can be made only of the larger collec- 
tions; for example, 181 sheets from Pomona College, Claremont, Cali- 
fornia, sent through Dr. P. A. Munz; 90 specimens from the University 
of California, Southern Branch, through the coiurtesy of Dr. Carl 
Epling; 1089 specimens from the U. S. National Museiim, communicated 
by Dr. W. R. Maxon and his associates; 142 specimens from the United 
States Department of Agriculture; 500 specimens from the Hungarian 
National Museiun of Budapest and 151 from Professor Arthur de 
Jaczewski. All of these sets contain plants not before represented in the 
herbarium. One herbariimi specimen from Peru was also received in 
exchange from the Missouri Botanical Garden. 

Most of the purchased collections were of interest either as coming 
from parts of the world imperfectly known botanically or from regions 
inadequately represented in the herbariimi. Among the former may 
be mentioned two lots by Mr. Jose Steinbach from Bolivia; 90 from 
Salvador, collected by Professor Salvador Calderon, and containing 
many interesting types of the flora of Central America; 300 Chilian 
plants from Dr. E. Werdermann of Santiago, mostly representative of 
the coastal flora of that country and of exceptional interest to American 
botanists because of the points of similarity between the vegetation of 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 421 

Chile and the western United States; Mr. W. E. Broadway furnished a 
collection of 638 items from Trinidad, of which 43 were wood specimens 
and 1 12 fruits and seeds. Among the latter were a series of 350 Arizona 
specimens bought from Professor H. C. Hanson of the University of 
Nebraska; a set of 226 collected in Sweden and Norway and another of 
203 in Mexico, both purchased from Mr. G. L. Fischer of Houston, 
Texas; and a collection of 231 sheets of New England plants obtained 
from Mr. C. H. Knowlton of Hingham, Massachusetts. A purchase of 
economic material consisted of an admirable lot of seeds illustrating 
500 weed seeds, each contained in a glass vial and carefully labeled. It 
was sectu-ed from the collector, Mr. R. H. Greer of Western Springs, 

The remaining purchases were of crj'-ptogamic plants: American 
lichens from Dr. G. K. Merrill of Rockland, Maine; Jaap Ftmgi Exsic- 
cati from South America bought from Mr. T. O. Weigel, Leipzig, in 
continuation of the subscription by Dr. E. T. Harper whose great col- 
lection of fungi was given to the Museimi. Particularly valuable is a 
series of 142 algae from Barbados, secured from Miss Mary H. Shaw, 
41 Mercers Road, Tufnell Park, London. 

Geology. — Through the continued interest and generosity of Mr. 
William J. Chalmers, 109 specimens of rare, crystalhzed minerals, all 
of occurrences or species entirely new to the collection, were received 
by gift. These specimens included gem minerals from Brazil, among 
which were blue, red and green tourmalines, euclase and topaz; a full 
series of the rare raditim minerals curite, soddite, slodowskite etc., from 
Africa; the largest known crystal of monazite; specimens of the rare 
species ferrierite and foshagite and a number of unusual occurrences 
from European localities. Three cut diamonds of different colors, each 
weighing about .3 carats, from the mines of the Ozark Diamond Mining 
Co., Murfreesboro, Arkansas, were presented by Mr. Howard A. 
Millar. From the same donor and Mr. Austin Q. Millar, there were 
received 21 specimens of the rocks and minerals associated with the 
diamonds of that locality. Mr. H. E. Wheeler gave a series of sixty 
specimens of the minerals of Magnet Cove, Arkansas. A large variety 
of crystals of brookite, rutile and schorlomite was included in this col- 
lection as well as a nimiber of the unique minerals and rocks of this 

An excellent specimen of one of the trees which grew in the Carbon- 
iferous period and formed coal beds was received by gift from Mr. 
Walter G. Zoller. The specimen shows a complete section across the 

422 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

trunk of a Carboniferous tree 28 inches in diameter and with spreading 
roots at the base. It was obtained from the Zeigler No. i coal mine at 
Zeigler, Illinois, and was collected with such care that many of the 
surface details are preserved. A cast showing a nest of fossil dinosaur 
eggs from Mongolia was presented by the American Museum of Natural 
History. Casts of skulls of the reptile, Protoceratops, and of the large 
carnivorous mammal, Andre wsarchus, from Mongolia, and of the skull 
and limbs of the early horse, Pliohippus, from a United States locality 
were donated by the same institution. A number of specimens of 
fossil corals, most of them polished, were received. Of these, fifteen 
specimens from Michigan were presented by Mrs. Mary S. Perry and 
eleven specimens from Iowa by Mr. John Davis. Two poHshed slabs of 
Ozora marble of the size adopted as standard for the Museum collection 
were presented by the Ozora Marble Quarries Co. The Sail Mountain 
Co. gave eleven specimens of the various asbestos products which they 
manufacture from the crude material, specimens of which had pre- 
viously been received. The Illinois Clay Products Co. gave six speci- 
mens of their products and related materials. The Banner Rock 
Products Co. gave five specimens illustrating a rock wool and some of 
the fabrics made from it, which they manufacture. This "wool" is 
unique in being made from limestone. Another economic specimen of 
interest received by gift was a large mass of the historic gold-bearing 
black quartz of Calaveras County, California. This was presented by 
Mr. John G. Elliott. Mr. Julius W. Butler presented 38 specimens of 
ores and minerals including a fine specimen of chalcedony, from 
previously unrepresented localities in Montana and Idaho. Two 
interesting additions to the collection of concretions received by gift 
were four hematite concretions from North Carolina presented by 
Mr. Charles B. Cory and ten specimens of the typical claystones of the 
Connecticut Valley given by Mr. Felix E. Mittau. A specimen of a 
new individual of the Bingara, Australia, meteorite was presented by 
Prof. George W. Card of Sydney, AustraHa. All remaining specimens 
which had not previously been received of the collections of the Captain 
Marshall Field Paleontological Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia 
arrived during the year. The consignment totaled 43 boxes, 
containing chiefly collections made in Bolivia. 

Specimens of several meteorite falls new to the Museum collections 
were added by exchange. These included three individuals of the 
Johnstown, Colorado, fall obtained from the Colorado Museum of 
Natural History; from Harvard University a full-sized section of the 
New Baltimore, Pennsvlvania, meteorite and from individuals, repre- 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 423 

sentative specimens of the Tucson-Carlton, Arizona, and Olivenza, 
Spain, meteorites. Specimens of several Brazilian minerals, including 
the very rare species tripuhyite, were obtained by exchange with Dr. 
Jorge Ferraz of Rio de Janeiro. Some specimens of cut gem stones not 
hitherto represented in the gem collection were procured by purchase. 
These included 5 cut blue zircons, 2 Australian opals, 6 variously 
colored "tiger-eyes" and 7 unakites. Ten of the Gilmore restorations 
of extinct dinosaurs and other reptiles were purchased. These restora- 
tions, on a scale from 1/30 to 1/6 of the natural size of the animals, 
give presimiably accurate representation of the living aspect of 
these strange creatures. A partially complete skeleton, including a 
fine skull and jaws, nearly complete limbs and some other bones of the 
extinct American horse, Equus scotti, from Texas, was also purchased. 

Zoology. — Zoological specimens were accessioned to the number of 
11,479. They are divided as follows: Mammals, 613; birds, 1,238; 
birds' eggs, 5; reptiles and amphibians, 1,710; fishes, 1,586; insects, 
4,377; shells and other invertebrates, 1,952. Large collections obtained 
by several expeditions in 1925, notably the African and Asiatic expedi- 
tions, have not yet been received. Of the total accessions, therefore, 
only 1,361, are to be credited to museum expeditions. 

An important gift of mammals for the year was the pair of famous 
man-eating lions, which were purchased and presented by President 
Stanley Field. Other gifts included 40 small mammals from Alaska, 
presented through Mr. H. B. Conover and comprising a nimiber of 
species new to the Museum. Mammals purchased were mainly from 
South America, 124 from Chile, 89 from Brazil, and 17 from Bolivia. 
Among them was a well prepared skin and skeleton of the Giant Arma- 
dillo, an animal of striking character, so much larger than other modem 
armadillos as to suggest some of their extinct relatives. From expedi- 
tions, 196 mammals were received from Central Africa, 5 from Asia, 
and 17 from British Colimibia. 

In the division of birds, 940 specimens were purchased, 224 were 
received from expeditions, 63 by gift, and 11 by exchange. Of those 
purchased, over six hundred were from eastern Brazil, in the states of 
Maranhao, Ceara, and Piauhy in what is omithologically perhaps the 
least known part of South America. Besides specimens from South 
America, birds were received also from the United States, Canada, 
Honduras, Formosa, Japan, India, Congo, and Austria. 

Of the 1,710 reptiles and amphibians received, 939, or more than half, 
were obtained through exchange. From the American Museum of 

424 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Natural History 691 specimens were added to the collections in partial 
exchange for the preparation of scientific reports on the reptiles and 
amphibians of the Third Asiatic Expedition. Other exchanges of 
reptiles were 'conducted with the University of Oklahoma, the Museum 
of Comparative Zoology, the Zoological Society of San Diego, the New 
York State Museum, and Mr. L. S. Frierson, Jr. Gifts of reptiles included 
69 specimens from Negritos, Peru, presented by Mr. Axel A. Olsson; 52 
specimens from Louisiana by Mr. L. S. Frierson, Jr.; 41 from South 
Dakota by Prof. L. Alfred Mannhardt; 43 from Wisconsin by Mr. F. J. 
W. Schmidt; and 24 from California by Mr. L. M. Klauber. 

Accessions in the division of fishes include 730 specimens by gift, 
372 from Museimi expeditions, 348 by exchange and 136 by purchase. 
As in former years, contributions from the Lincoln Park Aquarium were 
important and valuable. Three lots were received from this source dur- 
ing the year, 198 specimens in all. Among them were several species 
not otherwise represented in the Museum and some, received in fine 
condition, were mounted for exhibition. Other donations of fishes 
were received from Mr. Hans Krueger of Spooner, Wisconsin, Mr. 
Gustav Mann of Chicago, and Mr. Julius Friesser of Chicago. An ex- 
change with the United States National Museum resulted in the acquisi- 
tion of 326 specimens from the republic of Salvador and another with 
the University of Michigan, although of only 22 specimens, in- 
cluded paratypes of several recently described species. Some 200 
specimens of fishes collected incidentally by Mr. L. L. Walters on the 
Captain Marshall Field expedition to Georgia formed a fiurther impor- 
tant accession. 

Most of the 4,377 insects accessioned were exotic species and all 
were donations except 53 specimens obtained by Captain Marshall Field 
expeditions. The largest and most valuable gift, received from Dr. B. E. 
Dahlgren, consisted of 3,007 Guianan wasps and ants with 160 of their 
nests. This acquisition was of special value because the nests of nearly 
all the species were represented. Examples of insect architecture, on 
account of the aggressive nature of most of the builders, are by no means 
common in collections. Other gifts of insects include 392 butterflies, 
moths, and beetles from Dr. and Mrs. C. E. Hellmayr; 359 Norwegian 
insects from Dr. Sven Narbo; and 343 African butterflies and moths 
from Major A. M. Collins. Prof. G. H. French of Herrin, Illinois, pre- 
sented five types of butterflies and moths described during his long and 
active career as a teacher and entomologist. Gifts of invertebrates, 
other than insects, consisted mainly of a collection of 1,952 East Indian 
shells donated by Mrs. W. J. Ammen of Chicago. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 425 


Anthropology. — The Museum maintained fotu- expeditions this 
year in the interest of the Department of Anthropology. 

The Field Museimi-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Kish, 
Mesopotamia, resumed work October 15th, 1924, and continued its 
operations without interruption imtil March 15th of this year. Mr. 
Ernest Mackay, field director and excavator, was this season assisted 
by Mr. Talbot Rice of Christ Church, Oxford; and Father Eric Burrows 
S.J., an Ass3^riologist of Oxford, was sent out as a substitute for Professor 
Langdon whose professorial duties prevented his absence from the uni- 
versity. The work was concentrated on completing the excavation of 
the early Sumerian palace partially excavated a year previously, and on 
extensive research in the vast city ruins of eastern Kish, where remark- 
able discoveries of omeiform tablets and objects illustrating the daily 
life of the Babylonians of the time of Nebuchadnezzar had been 
made early in 1924. A rich har\-est of beautiful copper utensils, gold 
jewels and ornaments of precious stones rewarded the excavators in the 
great Simierian palace. Copper mirrors and hairpins tipped with lapis- 
lazuli knobs, as well as copper vanity cases containing manicure sets of 
pincers, tongs and nail-files, together with paint dishes and remains of 
brushes for coloring lips, cheeks and eyebrows, afford an intimate glimpse 
into the boudoir of a Simierian lady. The excavations were suspended 
temporarily to permit Mr. Mackay to do research-work in the Island of 
Bahrein on behalf of Sir Flinders Petrie. Active operations were re- 
sumed at Kish last October, and Professor Langdon has left for Baghdad 
personally to take charge of the work which will be extended to a site 
sixteen miles from Kish, where a very ancient settlement, now named 
Bughatait, has been discovered. At this place painted pottery and clay 
tablets inscribed in pictographic script were discovered during last 
season. It is projected also to proceed now to excavate the great temple 
of the mother goddess of Kish situated near the palace in eastern Kish, 
called Harsagkalamma in the inscription recovered last year at the 
Library IMoimd. Mr. Dudley Buxton, lecturer in physical anthropology 
at the University of Oxford, and Mr. Henry Field are on their way to 
Baghdad to join Professor Langdon. It is their intention to secure data 
and photographs of the present inhabitants living aroimd Kish for cor- 
relation with the skeletal material dug up diiring the last year. 

In view of the universal interest of the public in the Museimi's work 
at Kish and ninnerous inquiries received from all parts of the country 
and abroad, the Director takes pleasure in annotmcing that the first re- 
port of Mr. Mackay 's excavations of the cemetery "A" at Kish has been 

426 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

published b}^ the Museum and is now available for distribution. He also 
desires to call attention to Professor Langdon's book "Excavations at 
Kish," Vol. I, published this year, copies of which are for sale at the 
entrance of the Museum. 

As Professor James H. Breasted of the University of Chicago visited 
Egypt on behalf of the Oriental Institute of the University in the begin- 
ning of the year, the Museiun availed itself of this opportunity and 
asked for his co-operation in extending the Egyptian collections of the 
Institution. Plans for the future development of the Egyptian Section 
were discussed with Professor Breasted, and it was decided to increase 
the collections at present along the line of statuary, alabasters, and 
textiles. In accordance with this plan he secured for the Museum a 
gi'anite statue of the architect Senmut, 9 fine bronze figtu-es, i rare 
bronze sistnmi, 154 alabaster vases and bowls, and a magnificent collec- 
tion of 580 Egyptian and Coptic textiles including many complete 
garments and rugs. 

Under the auspices of Captain Marshall Field, Dr. A. L. Kroeber, 
professor of anthropology at the University of California, was entrusted 
with an archaeological mission to Peru for the specific purpose of deter- 
mining culture periods by means of stratigraphic methods. He arrived at 
Lima January 20 and left Peru July i. The season and the quite excep- 
tional weather conditions in February and March, resulting in swollen 
rivers that remained high for months subsequently, practically dictated 
a limitation of operations to the coast region. The area from Lima south 
to Nazca, a stretch of 250 miles, was selected for excavations. It com- 
prises ten consecutive coast valleys which are: Chillon, Lima, Chilca, 
Mala, Asia, Canete, Chincha, Pisco, lea, and Nazca. Two of these 
valleys. Mala and Asia, are wholly unexplored. Canete, the next 
valley beyond them, which is considerably larger and richer, was also 
found to be tinknown scientifically, although more or less rifled by pot- 
hunters. Consequently his principal efforts were concentrated on this 
valley at one site of which he succeeded in discovering a type of pottery 
and culture new to science. It is a varied type of the wide-spread ancient 
culture of Nazca. After some search he was fortunate in finding remains 
of this culture stratified below the remains of the later, but likewise pre- 
historic, Chincha culture. In the valley of Lim^ he also discovered a 
stratification which proves definitely that the ctilture and pottery type 
known as Proto-Lima is earlier than the Chancay and related cultures 
which are most commonly found in and about Lima. These two stratifi- 
cations bear on the history of the development of ancient Peruvian 
civiHzation, and, inasmuch as only about four deposits of this kind 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 427 

have been heretofore encountered or at least recorded, the discovery of 
these two may be regarded as very fortunate and significant. One 
northern valley, that of Trujillo, was briefly visited as a check and 
balance on the work in the south. An interesting collection of 181 speci- 
mens was secured there, containing several pieces of pottery of a new 
type and suggesting the presence somewhere in northern Peru of a type 
of ancient civilization which is still unknown. Dr. Kroeber states that 
the archaeological exploration of Peru is much less complete than is 
generally supposed ; not more than half of the coast and not more than 
one-tenth of the interior are scientifically known. The available data 
suffer from being disconnected. The greatest need is for exploration 
which is systematic and continuous in regard to the areas covered. Dr. 
Kroeber was aided in his work by the s>Tnpathetic co-operation of the 
Peruvian Government and the active support of Dr. J. C. Tello, Director 
of the Peruvian Museum of Archaeology. It is planned that Dr. Kroeber 
will visit Peru again next on behalf of the Institution. 

It is gratifying to report that an endowment made by Julius and } 
Augusta N. Rosenwald has enabled the Department to resume work 
among the North American Indians. Arrangements were made with 
Mr. M. G. Chandler, who for many years lived among the central 
Algonkian tribes, has an unusually intimate knowledge of their customs, 
and by adoption is a member of the Potawatomi. This tribe once occu- 
pied the site of Chicago, at the time of the first white settlement, and it 
seemed desirable to gather and preserve as many relics as possible of 
the Indians who formerly inhabited the Chicago vicinity, with a view 
to forming an exhibit parallel to that of the mammals and wild flowers 
of the Chicago region. During August, October and November, Chand- 
ler visited the Potawatomi and the related tribes, as the Menominee, 
Winnebago, Misstassini, and Sauk and Fox, widely scattered over Iowa, 
Kansas, and Michigan; the use of an automobile permitted him to reach 
many small detached and roaming groups of these Indians. He first 
camped at Crow Settlement in the Menominee Reservation, where he 
obtained a good Menominee collection, and then proceeded to the 
Winnebago settlement near Wittenberg, where several good specimens 
from that tribe were procured. A brief visit was paid to the Potawatomi 
settlement to the northeast of the Menominee Reservation, but it 
seemed advisable to proceed to Kansas for collecting Potawatomi ma- 
terial. Before his departure Chandler attended two important cere- 
monies of the Menominee, — a summer feast and a dream-drum cere- 
mony. The summer feast is held by the pagan Menominee to keep up 
the characteristic native games of the men and women. Among the 
articles received from these people, and also later from the Potawatomi 

428 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

are small bundles, called "Man's Business" and "Woman's Business." 
The former contain at least a miniature La Crosse racket, but may also 
include a miniature La Crosse ball, a miniature war-club, bows and 
arrows, or even a small canoe. Offerings of tobacco are made to these 
articles from time to time, for the purpose of obtaining success in games 
or vocations. At this summer feast the games called " Man's Business" 
and "Woman's Business" are played. In the morning La Crosse is 
played by the men, and in the afternoon bow and counters by the 
wom^en. The La Crosse racket bears a certain resemblance in outline to 
a ball-headed war-club, the latter being the weapon carried by the 
Thunders. The drum ceremony was held for a rather unusual purpose. 
Four drums were set up within the dance enclosure with all the sacred 
paraphernalia which go with each drum, and representatives of the 
four dnmi societies were present. The purpose of the ceremony was to 
notify the Winnebago of the intention of the Menominee to present 
them with two of these drums. The drums were used successively by a 
group of musicians who passed from dnmi to drum in a clockwise direc- 
tion; that is, following the movement of the sun, from east to south, and 
south to west, and west to north. At the close of the day speeches were 
made to the visiting Winnebago, expressing the intention of the Meno- 
minee to give them the two drums intended for them, the Winnebago 
making return speeches. A trip was then made to the reservation near 
Mayetta, Kansas. There Mr. Chandler was the guest of John Shaubena, 
grandson of the original Shaubena who was chief of the Potawatomi, 
Chippewa, and Ottawa during the Blackhawk War, at which time he 
proved a valuable friend to the white settlers of the Chicago region. At 
this reservation practically every family is from the vicinity of Chicago. 
They were holding their annual fair, which includes parades and dancing 
in costume. Many specimens were located, and those most interesting 
were purchased. In October, he again went to Wisconsin, stopping at 
various Winnebago camps. On his way there he made connection with 
Potawatomi related to him by adoption, who daily offered specimens in 
quantity and of a quality far superior to anything he had suspected them 
of owning. The difficulty in this region was that the distances between 
homes were so great and the country so wild that trails could not be 
traversed by automobile, so that it was not possible to visit many 
families in a day. He witnessed several meetings of the Medicine 
Lodge held in an isolated spot in Forest County, Wisconsin, and, 
though it is contrary to the rules of this organization to admit outsiders 
to the lodge, an exception was made in his favor, and he was able to 
take notes on the ceremony, which he hopes to write up later. The 
ceremony resembles the Menominee and Ojibway rites more closely 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 429 

than that of the Winnebago. The last move of the expedition was most 
fruitful, as during this time the greatest quantity of rare Potawatomi 
material was collected, which now places the Museum in possession of 
a representative collection from this tribe. 

Assistant Curator Linton left at the end of October for an ethnologi- 
cal exploration of the island of Madagascar, where he is planning to 
stay for about two years. During November he spent two weeks in 
England, studying the Polynesian and Madagascar collections in the 
British Aluseum of London, as well as in the museums of Cambridge 
and Oxford. He proceeded to Paris, where he established connection 
with French officials and institutions, and sailed December i6th from 
Marseilles for Madagascar. 

Botany. — The Captain Marshall Field Botanical Exploration in 
Peru was continued during 1925 by Dr. A. Weberbauer. He collected 
for six weeks in February and March in the Province of Moquegua 
and the Department of Tacna, securing 242 numbers or over 1,000 
specimens. His material is of great interest and has been organized 
ready for determination. Upon completion of this, the largest duplicate 
set still available is being sent to the Botanical Garden and Museum of 
Berlin in accordance with the collector's stipulation. In this connection 
it is very satisfactory to record that Dr. Diels, Director of the Garden 
has generously offered the Field Museum as complete a set as possible 
of essential portions of the Weberbauer botanical types collected before 
the war, which are deposited at Berlin. Since these specimens are not 
now available in this country this will be an acquisition of the greatest 
value to American botanists studying western South American plants. 

Another important addition to the herbarium of South American 
plants will be a set of the collections made in 1925 in Peru and Chile 
by Dr. F. W. Pennell under the joint auspices of The Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, the Gray Herbariimi of Harvard 
University, Mr. Oakes Ames (for the Ames Botanical Laboratory) and 
the Field Museum of Natural History (under the Captain Marshall 
Field Fimd) . His work in Peru, over a period of several months, centered 
about Arequipa and Cuzco in southern Peru and about Canta, northeast 
of Lima. In Chile he collected chiefly in the Cordillera near Santiago 
and south as far as the island of Chiloe. He obtained 2,620 numbers or 
about 10,000 specimens. In a preliminary report to the Director, Dr. 
Pennell has stated: "If I may interpret the results by my success in 
obtaining Scrophulariaceae, it is evident that the collections will con- 
tain much that is new to science." 

430 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Mr. A. C. Persaud, who for some years had been collecting British 
Guiana woods, early in the year was obliged by sickness to give up the 
work which he was then carrying on along the Demerara River above 
Wismar. News of his death in Georgetown on July 3 1 was received with 
great regret. His reliable collections, accompanied with herbarium 
specimens are unique among the department's accessions of woods from 
tropical countries. It is only on the basis of such collections that the 
knowledge of foreign woods can be systematically advanced. 

Geology. — During the year the Captain Marshall Field Paleonto- 
logical Expedition to Argentina disbanded temporarily after storing 
the equipment. Some reconnaissance work was subsequently carried 
on by Associate Curator Riggs along the southern coast of the 
Province of Buenos Aires and westward in the Territory of Neoquen 
with a view to planning future collecting. Two months were then 
spent by Mr. Riggs in visiting European museums on the return 

Summarizing the material collected by this expedition since its 
entry into the field in the fall of 1922, it includes fossil mammals from 
Eocene, Oligocene, and Miocene formations of southern Argentina 
and from the Pleistocene formation of Bolivia, also fossil shells and 
plants from the marine Oligocene and dinosaurs from the Upper 
Cretaceous formation of Argentina. The Pleistocene fossil mammals 
collected in Bolivia include skulls and partial skeletons of the 
horse, Equus andeum, the short-legged, but horse-like Hippidium, 
species of llamas and related animals, some of which approach 
the modern camel in size; also skulls, jaws and tusks of 
Mastodon of distinctly South American species. Along with these 
immigrants from other continents were collected specimens of native 
stocks, including skeletons of the ground sloth, Scelidotherium, and 
skulls, jaws, legs and other parts of the greater ground sloths, Lestodon 
and Megatherium. Carapaces and internal skeletons of the ponderous, 
shell-covered glyptodonts, a skeleton of a smaller armadillo and parts 
of the long-limbed, trunk-bearing Macrauchenia were also included. 

From the Miocene clays and sandstones of southern Argentina there 
were collected skulls and parts of various ground sloths smaller in size 
but related to the great sloths of the Pleistocene; carapaces, skulls, legs 
and other parts of the lesser glyptodonts and of the annadillos. Many 
fine skulls and other parts of river-dwelling animals, ranging in size 
from that of the tapir to that of the hippopotamus are included in the 
collection. They belong to the genera of Adinotherium, Homalodonto- 
therium, Nesodon and Astrapotherium. Numerous skulls, legs, feet and 















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ir C3 














Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 431 

a few complete skeletons of the little cony-like protypotheres, similar 
specimens of rodents and of the somewhat larger flesh-eaters, are among 
the many bizarre animals included in these collections. More surpris- 
ing are the leg bones of a gigantic bird similar in size to the Moa of 
New Zealand. 

Of the Eocene mammals collected in the central territories of Pata- 
gonia, specimens of the great Pyrotherium and Parastrapotherium are 
the most notable. Specimens of these rare and little known animals 
include jaws, tusks, molar teeth and isolated parts of skeletons. Animals 
of intermediate size, including Asmodeus, Leontinia, Astraponotus, 
Proadinotherium, Rhynchippus and others are represented by fine 
series of skulls. Other specimens include such mammals as the primitive 
flesh-eaters, the gnawers, and other inhabitants of river, forest and plain 
which have left no modem representatives and admit of no close com- 
parisons. The great flesh-eating bird, Phororachus, is represented by 
a good skull and parts of the skeleton. 

Zoology. — Five zoological expeditions were in the field during 1925. 
Two of them were of major importance, being to foreign countries and 
of long duration, while three of them were to points in the United 
States and Canada and for relatively short periods of time. All were 
highly successful and, although but a small part of the material col- 
lected had actually reached the Museimi at the close of the year, it is 
evident the results of these expeditions will Ije among the most note- 
worthy in the histor>' of the Institution. 

Of first importance was the "James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic 
Expedition" to the western Himalayas, the Pamirs and Turkestan. 
The first plan for this expedition originated with Col. Theodore Roose- 
velt, Jr. and his brother Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, sons of the former 
President of the United States. Like their father, both the younger 
Roosevelts have an extraordinary interest in natural history and a 
knowledge of animal life far beyond that of the average sportsman. 
Therefore, in planning a trip for themselves, they thought immediately 
of giving it a scope which would make it of lasting value to science. 
This was beyond their private means, so they decided to affiliate them- 
selves with a public museum of natural histor\' and chose Field Museum. 
They made their desires known to President Stanley Field, and the 
matter was brought to the attention of Mr. James Simpson, a trustee 
and the donor of the Museum's well known auditoriimi, James Simpson 
Theatre. Mr. Simpson, thereupon, agreed to provide all necessary 
financial support for the expedition, involving no remuneration for the 

432 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Roosevelts, but making it possible for them to carry all desired equip- 
ment for general zoological collecting and to employ trained assistants 
to cover special fields. The trip thus became a museum expedition and 
was given the title "James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition of 
Field Museum of Natural History." Owing to the prominence of the 
principals, the expedition has received much public attention and its 
progress has been followed by the press of the entire world. 

The party sailed from New York, April nth, including, besides 
Theodore and Kermit Roosevelt, a well known naturalist, Mr. George 
K. Cherrie, and a volunteer photographer, Mr. Suydam Cutting. They 
arrived at Bombay, May i ith, and continued at once by rail and auto- 
mobile to Srinagar in Kashmir. Here some days were spent in final 
preparations and in arranging for transport. In this they were greatly 
assisted by the cordial cooperation of the British Resident, Sir John 
Wood. May 19th, they left Srinagar with a caravan of 60 ponies and 
proceeded via Zoji Pass to the mountain city of Leh, which they reached 
without mishap about June ist. From Leh, their course lay northward 
through the heart of the Himalayas. In order to maintain the organiza- 
tion of their caravan, it was necessary to push on rapidly and but little 
time was available during this part of the trip for htmting or collecting. 
However, they improved every brief opportunity and succeeded in 
obtaining several specimens of the Burrhel or Blue Sheep {Pseiidois 
nahura) and the Tibetan Antelope {Pantholops hodgsoni). A few birds 
and small mammals, prepared between marches at late hours of the 
night, also were collected in this region. The route led across the Sassar, 
Karakoram, and Sujet passes and for more than two weeks the expedi- 
tion was never below an altitude of 15,000 feet. Being more than two 
weeks in advance of the earliest regular spring caravans, the expedition 
encountered unusual difficulties in the way of imbroken trails, snow- 
fields and swollen streams. Fourteen of the ponies were lost enroute, 
partly through lack of endurance and partly through eating a poisonous 
weed. With some good fortune and much hard work, however, all 
difficulties were overcome and, July 5th, the party was at Sanju Bazaar 
in eastern Turkestan with the high Himalayas left behind. A few days 
later they arrived at Yarkand, the principal settlement in this part of 
Turkestan, where they were cordially received by local Chinese officials. 

At Yarkand, the party was divided. To interview officials and 
prepare the way for later work when the whole expedition should reach 
that region, Mr. Cutting set out alone for a quick trip northwestward 
to Kashgar. Mr. Cherrie remained to work slowly northward across 
central Turkestan, stopping at convenient points to collect birds, 
small mammals, and reptiles. Meanwhile, the Roosevelts made haste 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 433 

to reach the Thian Shan Mountains for big game hunting. They left 
Yarkand, July 13th, and crossed Turkestan to Aksu in twelve days, a 
distance of 280 miles, with many streams to ford, with stretches of 
desert to cross, and with hot summer weather in contrast to the cold 
winds of the high mountains just traversed. Leaving Aksu, July 27th, 
they continued northward over the Muzart Pass in the Thian Shan 
Mountains to the vicinity of the upper Tekkes River. Here, in the 
heart of southwestern Asia, they were at last enabled to devote several 
weeks to continuous big game hunting, and their efforts were attended 
with great success. 

The collection of large mammals which was obtained in the Thian 
Shans covers a wide variety and includes a number of specimens of 
unusually high quality. The largest animals secured were three fine 
males of the Altai Wapiti, a large deer having general similarity to the 
American Elk or Wapiti. Other game included the Thian Shan Sheep 
{Ovis karelini), the Siberian Roe Deer, and the Asiatic Brown Bear; 
but perhaps most important was a series of the Thian Shan Ibex, includ- 
ing old males, females, and young and fulfilling all the exacting require- 
ments of a comprehensive museum group. One of the male ibexes shot 
by Mr. Kermit Roosevelt is reported to have horns 59^ inches in 
length, which is a record for this species and for all ibexes, the largest 
one previously known having a measurement of 58 inches. 

Leaving the Thian Shans, the Roosevelts hurried on to arrive at 
Kashgar, September 28th, and there to make arrangements to hunt in the 
Russian Pamirs for the famous Marco Polo's Sheep, one of the principal 
objects of the expedition. Although formerly fairly common in the 
Pamirs, this sheep has become increasingly difficult to obtain, and 
native reports in Kashgar were discouraging, so it was with some mis- 
givings that this hunt was undertaken, especially since success was to 
be attained only in the limited time remaining before the closing of the 
passes to bar rettim to India. In three weeks' time, however, the hunters 
went from Kashgar into the Russian Pamirs and came out at Misgar 
to send a message, October 23rd, stating that they had obtained four 
fine rams of Marco Polo Sheep and several younger animals, siifficient 
for a museum group. Thence they hastened back to India via the 
Hunza Pass, having received special permission to do so through the 
courtesy of the Viceroy and Sir John Wood. Their safe arrival in 
Kashmir was reported November 3rd. 

While the Roosevelts were finishing work in the Thian Shans and 
making their dash into the Pamirs, Mr. Cherrie gradually worked on to 
the Thian Shans and was met there by Mr. Cutting, September 7th. 

434 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Further collecting of birds and small mammals was done there and then 
they returned to Kashgar whence they started homeward via Russian 
Turkestan and Constantinople, carrying with them practically the 
entire collection made by the expedition. This included some 21 skins, 
skulls and bones of large game, 700 to 1,000 skins of birds and small 
mammals, and tanks of reptiles and amphibians preserved in alcohol or 
formaldehyde. They journeyed overland northwestward and crossed 
the Russian border at Irkeshtan, November 6th. Ten days later they 
reached the railhead at Andijan and there arranged for railway transport 
of themselves and the collections to Batum on the Black Sea. The 
route was via Samarkand and Bokhara to Krasnovodsk on the Caspian 
Sea, thence across the Caspian to Baku and to Batum via Tiflis. The 
baggage, including the collections, was delayed in transit, and Mr. 
Cherrie, after proceeding to Constantinople with Mr. Cutting, was 
obliged to return to Batum to insure its safe delivery. Mr. Cutting 
returned direct to the United States and reports from Mr. Cherrie at 
the close of the year were to the effect that the delayed baggage was 
intact and forthcoming. 

After retiuning to India, the Roosevelts engaged in a short hunt in 
which they secured four male specimens of the Barasingha or Swamp 
Deer. In late December they planned hunting in the Central Provinces 
accompanied by the head forester of India, Sir Henry Farrington. Still 
later, it was their intention to go to the northern province of Nepal and 
hunt with the British Resident with the special object of securing the 
Indian Rhinoceros. 

Complete returns from the Simpson-Roosevelt Expedition are not 
available, but in the latest report, December 2nd, the list of large 
mammals obtained is as follows : Thian Shan Ibex, 1 2 specimens ; Marco 
Polo's Sheep, 8; Thian Shan Sheep, 3; Burrhel or Blue Sheep, 3; Tibetan 
Antelope or Chiru, 3 ; Asiatic Wapiti, 3 ; Siberian Roe Deer, 4 ; Barasingha 
Deer, 4; Asiatic Brown Bear, 2; Himalayan Black Bear, 2. 

The Captain Marshall Field Central African Expedition, which 
began work in 1924, continued in the field throughout 1925 under the 
direction of Mr. Edmund Heller and Mrs. Hilda H. Heller. The months 
of January and February were spent at high altitudes on Motmt Ruwen- 
zori, one of the highest mountains in Africa and situated near the border 
line between the arid plains and the great central rain forest. Camps 
were established at six different altitudes in the Butego valley on this 
mountain and a large collection was made, including some 800 mammals 
and a considerable niunber of batrachians and reptiles. Three days 
were spent at the snowline at an elevation of 12,000 feet and, fortu- 




r-v H 






Two feet high. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 435 

nately, weather conditions were good. Travel of this kind is difficult in 
Africa since the elevated regions are uninhabited and but little help can 
be had from the natives of the warm lowlands who are very averse to 
the cold and snow of the heights. 

From Ruwenzori the expedition went west into the Ituri forest and 
spent much time in the country of the Wambute tribe and the neighbor- 
ing pigmies. After considerable time establishing friendly relations with 
the pigmies, their aid was enlisted to secure a specimen of that strange 
animal known as the Okapi, perhaps the most difficult to obtain of all 
large mammals now living. It is found only in dense dark forests and 
is veiy shy and elusive. Its habits are known only to the pigmies who 
inhabit these forests and hunt it with spears. A successful hunt was 
finally organized and a fine male Okapi, speared by the pigmies, was 
obtained and its skin preserved in excellent condition. 

Later in the year the expedition moved eastward out of Belgian 
territory into northwestern Uganda. Here in the district of Kigezi large 
general collections were made under better climatic conditions than 
those of the Congo forest. British officials in Uganda afforded cordial 
cooperation and through a permit issued by the Governor, Mr. Heller 
secured a large male gorilla on the east side of the volcanoes near the 
boundary between Uganda and the Congo. 

The specimens collected by the African expedition have been thor- 
oughly cured, hermetically sealed, and stored at convenient points to be 
brought together finally and transported to the United States under 
personal escort after field work is completed. At the close of the year, 
the expedition was about to start back into the Congo to work in the 
region west of Lake Kivu with the special object of securing further 
specimens of gorillas. 

A short expedition to southern Georgia was made during the summer 
by Mr. Leon L. Walters, taxidermist of the Division of Reptiles. The 
special object was material for a group showing the American alligator 
and its nest and eggs. Headquarters were made at Beachton, Georgia, 
where Mr. Walters enjoyed the hospitality and generous assistance of 
Mr. H. L. Stoddard and his associates of the U. S. Biological Survey. 
Alligators were by no means easy to secure, and all three of the methods 
in use by professional alligator hunters were employed. The first method 
is that of hunting at night from a boat with a headlight which "shines" 
the alligator's eyes. A second method is to bait tarpon or shark hooks, 
arranging them as a set, just above the surface of the water. The third 
and most interesting method, called poling, was also the most successful. 
In summer the larger alligators take up residence in holes in the marshes 

438 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

of conditions of study, exchange and storage collections. A total of 
seventy-three cases were installed for exhibition during this year. 

An event of the year was the opening on the first of November of the 
new Micronesian and Polynesian Hall (Hall F on the ground floor), to 
which Assistant Curator Linton had devoted his energy until his depar- 
ture for Madagascar. The chief attraction of this hall consists of an 
original Maori council-house from New Zealand, which was acquired by 
the Museum as far back as 1904, but which, for lack of space, could not 
be erected in the old building. Very few of these council houses have 
been preserved, and this house is one of the finest in existence. It is 
nearly sixty feet long with a width of twenty feet and an internal height 
of fourteen feet. It is the only Maori building extant that has a com- 
pletely carved front, and its decorations show Maori art at its best. The 
mechanical skill and artistic ability of the Maori were lavished on the 
construction of his great council houses which were primarily council and 
guest houses, but which were also used as dormitories. They were usually 
erected as memorials of some great event, such as the birth of an heir to 
the principal chief of the tribe. The materials were selected with great 
care, the framework being hewn from trees which had been buried in 
river beds until they had lost their sap wood and become thoroughly 
seasoned. The ridge pole was the most important part, and was always 
made from a single log. That of this house is nearly sixty feet long, and 
weighs a ton and a half. All the upright timbers are carved with con- 
ventionalized figures of ancestors, while the rafters and ridge pole are 
painted with scroll designs. The spaces between the side posts are filled 
with panels of woven reeds. Long beds were made along either side of 
the house, and there was a small fireplace near the door. 

The hall contains forty exhibition-cases. Ten of these have been 
grouped along the sides of the house; nine of these cases illustrate the 
highly developed culture of the Maori with good examples of their 
feather robes, wood carvings, weapons, stone and jade implements. The 
inhabitants of the Gilbert Islands are well represented by excellent suits 
of armor, weapons, clothing and ornaments, matting, basketry, utensils, 
and fishing appliances. Similar material is shown from the Marshall and 
Caroline Archipelago, Matty, Durour, and outlying Micronesian islands. 
The cultures of Fiji and Samoa are well illustrated, and to some extent 
also those of Hawaii, Marquesas, and Mangaia. A guidebook to these 
exhibits has been prepared by Assistant Curator Linton and will be 
brought out shortly. 

The light-colored screens which after several experiments were de- 
vised and used in this hall throughout may be designated as a great 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 439 

improvement, and are undoubtedly preferable to black screens in the 
halls with artificial lighting. 

Good progress has been made with the installation of the Arthur B. 
Jones collection secured by Dr. F. C. Cole in 1923. Eight cases illustrat- 
ing the culture of the Toba Batak of Sumatra, six cases of textiles, cos- 
tumes and household utensils of the Menangkabau, Sumatra, and four 
cases showing the primitive cultures of the Sakai and Semang in the 
Malay Peninsula, have been installed. Three built-in cases were con- 
structed in Hall G which is to contain the Arthur B. Jones collection. 
One of these has been erected in the center of the hall, and is divided into 
three sections which will be used for a Menangkabau miniature village 
group, a life-size group of Pygmies engaged in making fire, and a bride j 
and groom of the Menangkabau in their ceremonial costumes. The 
built-in case in the northeast corner of the hall will harbor the Javanese 
orchestra formerly in Hall I, and that in the northwest comer holds the 
group of Bagobo weavers which is now almost complete. It is hoped that 
this hall will be completed in the first part of next year. Seven cases are 
already accessible to the public, being placed alongside the corridor 
dividing the east wing from the central section of the ground floor. 

A built-in case, which on account of its dimensions (32 x 10 feet, 14 
feet high in the interior) is a veritable room in itself, has been constructed 
in the Ernest R. Graham Hall at the south end of the recess in which the 
two Mastaba tombs are set. It is provided with a door on the west side 
which readily gives access to the room and permits easy shifting of exhi- 
bition objects. The top lights hidden behind ground glass insure an even 
diffusion of light over the exhibits. For the present the large granite 
statue of the Lion-headed Goddess Sekhmet, presented by Mr. Frank H. 
Cook, and selected sculptured bas-reliefs from the tomb of Bekenranef, 
a nobleman of high rank of the twenty-sixth dynasty (about 600 B.C.), 
are displayed in this case. In front of it and from the top of the view 
glass extending up to the ceiling is a transom case 30 feet long, 4 feet 
high, and i foot deep, likewise illimiinated by concealed top-lights and 
containing a colored reproduction of a bas-relief which represents the 
procession of the sacred boat from Queen Hatshepsut's temple of 
Deir-el-Bahri (eighteenth dynasty). The oil-painting by Andrew Mc- 
Callum, depicting the Rock-temple of Aboo Simbel, presented by Mr. 
Thomas S. Hughes this year, has been hung on a pilaster on the east 
side of the Egyptian Hall. A new label has been provided for the repro- 
duction of the Rosetta Stone. 

Several notable additions and changes were made in Stanley Field 
Hall, to render accessible to the public the results of recent expeditions. 


440 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

A silver zebu acquired by the Captain Marshall Field Expedition to 
China (illustrated in Plate XLII of the Annual Report for 1923) was 
added to the Chinese antiquities in Case 7. The Roman bronze table 
and other bronze and glass objects from Boscoreale were temporarily 
removed from Case 6 to make room for the Ej]n,-ptian statue of the 
architect Senmut acquired for the Musevmi by Professor Breasted. A 
selection from the important collection of ancient E^-ptian and Coptic 
textiles has been displayed in Case 16. These include an ancient rug, 
two linen tunics decorated with medallions and borders in tapestry 
weave, an embroider>' in white on purple ground, and many smaller 
pieces in well preserved bright colors, some even of silk and silk mixed 
with linen. The designs are very interesting and consist principally of 
vine-leaves, grapes, hares, birds, huntsmen on horseback, figures of 
women and children. One panel is decorated with the figure of a dancing- 
girl brandishing a tambourine. 

In Edward E. Ayer Hall a case of Etruscan pottery was installed, and 
re-arrangements were made in three cases of Boscoreale bronzes. 

The three copper weapons from Alaska presented by Mr. Homer E. 
Sargent have been added to Case 8 of Mary D. Sturges Hall. The Karok 
buckskin skirt and apron presented by Miss G. Nicholson have been in- 
stalled in Case 2 of Hall 6; and the Saltillo serape. a gift from Mr. Sar- 
gent, in Case i of Hall 8. 

Two cases illustrating the Tobacco Society and Medicine bundles of 
the Crow were installed, completely labeled and placed in Cases 23 and 
24 of Hall 5. These contain the exchange material received this year 
from Messrs. M. G. Chandler and W. Wildschut, combined with material 
previously collected for the Museimi by Mr. S. C. Simms. 

Two cases, one showing clothing from Huon Gulf, northeastern 
Guinea, another of household and industrial objects from the North 
Coast of New Guinea, have been added to Joseph N. Field Hall. 

The addition of 115 objects made by Mr. Edward E. Ayer last year 
to his pewter collection necessitated the installation of a new case and 
re-installation in four cases in Hall 23. This room now presents a some- 
what crowded appearance, and as the new type of built-in case has 
proved successful, it has been decided to discard the eleven standard 
cases and replace them with specially built cases running along the 
walls and illuminated by encased top-lights. 

The collection of rhinoceros-horn cups from China, presented by 
Mr. John J. Mitchell, was catalogued and labeled immediately and 
placed on exhibition in two standard cases in the center of Hall 24 (East 
Gallery). A case of Chinese wood, root and bamboo carvings and a case 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 441 

of Chinese fans were installed, and will be placed on view as soon as the 
labels have been printed. 

After removal of the model of the Moon from the south end of the 
West Gallery, the space thus gained was occupied by four cases contain- 
ing Chinese ivories, baskets, and lacquers. The installation of the ex- 
hibit illustrating how crickets are kept in China for singing and fighting 
purposes has been completed, and the case placed on exhibition at the 
south end of the East Gallcr\'. Grateful acknowledgement is made to 
Associate Curator Gerhard for preparing specimens of the insects for 
exhibition and to Dr. James A. G. Rehn of the Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia for determining their scientific names. In the 
present state of the work it is impossible to maintain a correct sequence 
of the exhibition cases in the East and West Galleries, as additions and 
changes are constantly made and as, in accordance with the progress 
of work in the new halls on the ground floor, exhibits from Java, Africa, 
and India have to be transferred from the West Gallery to their new 
locations. At the completion of this task, it will be possible to re-arrange 
the East and West Galleries methodically. They will ultimately be 
entirely devoted to China and Tibet. 

Room 38 has been converted into a workshop for receiving, laying 
out and installing new material. Nine old table-cases which contained 
Mexican and South American collections in storage were vacated and 
discarded, the material being placed in the storage room on the ground 
floor. This resulted in a great improvement of working conditions and 
made way for six more layout tables in Room 38. It now accommodates 
a total of 18 layout tables, whereby the work of the Department is 
greatly facilitated. Twelve layout tables were made for the offices and 
workrooms of assistant curators. 

All American archaeological material, as far as it is not on exhibition, 
is now concentrated in the storage room on the ground floor. All exhibi- 
tion cases temporarily placed in the clerestories were stripped of material 
which was arranged, sorted, stored, and identified with proper labels. 
All collections in work-rooms and storage rooms on the third floor have 
been subjected to a revised arrangement. 

Last February the departmental library was removed from Room 39 
in the southeast comer of the building, where it had been housed for 
four years, and was permanently transferred to the new racks in Room 
52 adjoining the curator's office. This arrangement is ver}' satisfactory, 
as it gives the curator without loss of time direct access to the library 
and places it vmder his immediate supendsion. New cabinets were pro- 
cured to contain maps, the catalogue cards, and the inventory volumes 

442 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

with the accession files, in keeping with the style of the other office 

In Room 35, the storage room for physical anthropology, new racks 
with trays were made for the accommodation of skulls and skeletal 
material. There are four sections, each consisting of fourteen cabinets, 
seven on each side. Each of these fifty-six cabinets contains eleven trays 
of white pine, making a total of 616 trays, which are calculated to hold 
about nine thousand skulls. A label-holder has been provided for each 

Modeler J. G. Prasuhn made progress on the miniature group of a 
New Guinea village, completing the men's assembly house, the young 
men's dormitory, and an outrigger canoe with sail. The group of Bagobo 
weavers from the Philippines, the figures of which were cast years ago in 
the old building, has been installed in a built-in case in Hall H ; all the 
accessories were made for the group, the figures dressed and properly 

Two large and several small bronze figures from the Egyptian collec- 
tion developed during the year bad cases of malignant patina which 
threatened to destroy them. These have been successfully treated by 
Associate Curator H. W. Nichols in the chemical laboratory of the 
Department of Geology by means of the recently perfected electrolytic 
process. Familiarity with the process was acquired by treating a nimiber 
of smaller bronzes to remove disfiguring incrustations. The results of 
this process have been so successful that not only has the dangerous pro- 
gressive corrosion been eliminated, but also much elaborate detail of 
unsuspected designs has been discovered. The experience with these 
bronzes has been such that there will be no hesitation in applying the 
process in the future to whatever bronzes may need it. 

Modeler Prasuhn restored 24 objects from Kish, 19 from Egypt, 4 
from Italy, 7 from Mexico, 41 from China, and 9 from Pacific Islands. 
Mr. T. Ito restored 144 pieces of Peruvian pottery, 40 pieces of pottery, 
stone, and bronze from Kish, 18 pieces of Cameroon pottery, n pieces 
of pewter, and 6 Japanese ivories. 10,931 numbers were marked on 

Botany. — In the exhibition halls of the Department of Botany the 
task of reinstallation which was begun last year has been carried forward 
as rapidly as possible with the elimination of bottled specimens and 
black backgrounds. The Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) has thus been com- 
pletely reinstalled as far as possible with the material on hand and 
ntunerous additions have been made to the plant reproductions and 
models which are the conspicuous feature in the hall. These 



— i 








































D I H 











Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 443 

include some common plants of the northern temperate zone, such as 
the paper birch, crab apple and sugar beet, as well as many less 
familiar subtropical and tropical ones. 

The spiderworts are now represented by a reproduction of the large 
and attractive South American Dichorisandra, to which will be added 
one of the more inconspicuous but better known forms. Other additions 
to the monocotyledons are a flowering Tacca, a yam vine bearing flowers 
and aerial tubers, a Schombiu-gkia, a West Indian orchid chosen for its 
large flask-like water storage organs or pseudobulbs, the fruiting spadices 
of a screwpine or Pandanus and of a Palmyra palm, the latter interesting 
among the Palms on account of its large egg-plant-like fruits, which 
were obtained in the Georgetown Botanical Garden by the Stanley 
Field Guiana Expedition in 1922. A series of sections of a sprouting 
coconut showing interesting stages in the germination have also been 
added to the palms exhibit. At the time the Granadilla vine was repro- 
duced in its flowering condition good fruits were not obtainable but 
these were readily secured in British Guiana where this passion flower is 
commonly cultivated and have now been reproduced and added to the 
vine. A section of a Granadilla and some of the lesser Passifiora fruits 
have also been added to this exhibit. 

A flowering branch of the spiny Catesbaea with its long pendulous 
flowers and small orange-like fruits has been added to the case containing 
the Madder family. The Borages have been illustrated by a reproduc- 
tion of a flowering and fruiting branch of the Scarlet Cordia, or Geiger 
Tree, obtained last year in Key West. 

To the Spurges there has been added a fruiting branchlet of the 
Tung-oil tree which is of such great importance to the modem varnish 
industry and has recently been introduced into commercial cultivation 
in the United States. 

A flowering branch of the Frangipani and of a related British Guiana 
forest tree (Plumiera articulata) with its large curved paired pods have 
been reproduced and added to the case containing the Dogbanes. 

The Myrtaceae have hitherto been represented chiefly by the 
Eucalyptus and the Guava, but fruiting branches of the bright red pear- 
shaped Malay- or Malacca-apple, {Eugenia malaccensis) , the "Curas- 
son-apple," {E. javanica) obtained in Surinam and the "Java-plum" 
{E. jamholana) from the Plant and Seed Introduction Station in Florida 
have been added during the year and installed in their appropriate place. 

The Cactus exhibit has been enhanced by the addition of a modeled 
flowering tip of a candelabra cactus ( Cereus pentagonus) . In one of the 
expanded flowers of this model is to be seen a specimen of the long- 

444 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

tongued bat that in its native regitm is a visitor to this night blooming 
cactus either for the nectar or for the insects, or both, to be gathered 
within the large blossoms. Another addition to the cactus case is a 
Rhipsalis from Trinidad, a slender epiphytic un-cactus-like plant, which 
hangs like masses of green threads from the branches of the trees where 
it grows. 

To the Bladderworts there has been added a flowering Utricularia 
plant, mounted together with an enlarged section of its flower and a 
model of a single enlarged bladder or trap with its typical catch. 

A piece of a branch of a "cluster-fig" (Ficus glomerata) from India 
with its grape-like bunches of fruit, some white and purple figs, a sugar 
beet from Illinois, a sugar cane from Louisiana for the sugar exhibits, are 
also on the list of plant reproductions added during the year. 

A young unexpanded leaf of the Victoria regia has been modeled for 
this group which was prepared last year. A section of the Victoria regia 
flower constitutes an interesting addition to the flower forms repre- 
sented by models in the Hall of Plant Life. This model and the young 
leaf of the Victoria regia were the last of the many creditable pieces of 
work produced by David Henner, before his untimely death by acci- 
dental drowning while swimming at the Dunes last stunmer. Mr. Henner 
was one of the most talented and able of the artists and preparators who 
by their skill have contributed to the plant reproductions in this hall. 

In the adjoining hall, Hall 25, containing the palms on one side, the 
vegetable food products on the other, reinstallation has been begun 
with the cane and beet sugar exhibits. In the economic collections the 
fats, oils, sugars and wood distillation products have received special 
attention. Typical samples have been selected and sealed in glass tubes 
for exhibition. 

In the Herbarium some further progress has been made in the study 
of the 1922 and 1923 Peruvian collections by botanists at other institu- 
tions (cf. 1924 Annual Report of the Director, 314, 1925) and several 
have undertaken the determination of further groups: Mr. E. P. Killip, 
U. S. National Museum, is identifying the Acanthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, 
Aristolochiaceae, Brunelliaceae, Convolvulaceae, Coriariaceae, Dilleniaceae, 
Hypericaceae, Juncaceae, Lacistemaceae, Liliaceae, Loranthaceae (exclud- 
ing Phoradendron) , Myricaceae, Myrsinaceae, Myrtaceae, Rosaceae (ex- 
cluding Rubus and Hesperomeles) , Styracaceae, Tropaeolaceae and 
Vitaceae; Dr. J. N. Rose, U. S. National Museum, has assumed respon- 
sibility for the genera Hofmanseggia and Caesalpinia and the subfamily 
Mimoseae; Prof. E. M. Gilbert, University of Wisconsin, is studying a 
number of the fleshy fungi; Dr. I. M. Johnston, Gray Herbarium, has 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 445 

named a small miscellaneous collection in addition to his special groups. 
The Museum has published a short paper by Mr. J. F. Macbride on the 
Psoraleas (Publ. 231 Bot.) together with notes on a few other species, 
mostly legumes. 

The principal organization work of the year in the herbariiun was 
the preparation for study of the Gaumer collections made from 191 7 
to 1 92 1 in Yucatan. The determination of these valuable sets has kindly 
been undertaken by the botanical staff of the U. S. National Museum, 
particularly by Dr. Paul C. Standley, whose especial fitness for this 
work is indicated by his well known and admirable volumes on the 
woody plants of Mexico. The earlier Gaiuner collections, prior to 1917, 
were largely studied by the late Dr. Millspaugh, but for various reasons 
he did not have the opportunity at the time to continue this investiga- 
tion. These recent collections, in so far as determined, total 1,189 sheets. 
There are about eight duplicate sets that will be available for distribu- 
tion in exchange with other botanical institutions when the clerical work 
connected with their organization is consmnmated. 

The herbaritun specimens of Illinois plants finally have all been 
withdrawn from the general collections and now form the basis for an 
herbarium which it is hoped will ultimately include a specimen of 
every species known to grow in the state. This special collection has 
been very creditably reorganized by Mr. Carl Neuberth so that it is now 
available for ready reference. Many additions, however, must be made 
before it will represent adequately the state flora. 

Geology. — To the geological exhibits in Stanley Field Hall was 
added a case, one-half of which was devoted to models of dinosaurs and 
bones and tracks of these animals. In the other half of the case a series 
of fossil crinoids, mostly large specimens from the Borden collection, was 
installed. A niimber of specimens of fossil pine cones and branches from 
Patagonia collected by the Captain Marshall Field Paleontological Ex- 
pedition to that country and some large fossil invertebrates collected 
by the same expedition were installed in another case in this hall. Most 
of the specimens presented by Mr. William J. Chalmers during the year 
were installed in the cases of the crystal collection and of systematic 
minerals in Hall 34. In this connection a rearrangement of the contents 
of the crystal collection cases was made and about 200 new labels were 
installed. The specimens of the group of hydrous silicates, numbering 
148, in this hall, were mounted on individual blocks upon a screen. 
New specimens received during the year were added to a number of 
groups in this hall. 

446 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

In Skiff Hall the specimens in the bays of ten cases were mounted on 
individual blocks and brought nearer to the front. The labels of these 
specimens were correspondingly raised by means of wire supports. 
Specimens in the upright sections of eight cases were provided with an 
improved form of blocks in continuation of the work of last year. The 
cases remounted in this manner this year were those of iron, copper, lead, 
zinc, mercury, tin, nickel and rare-earth ores. They contained 1,028 
specimens. New material in this Hall and in Hall 36 has been installed 
as fast as it was received. The asbestos collections in Skiff Hall were en- 
larged by the installation of additional specimens of prepared asbestos 
and by the addition of a series illustrating the preparation and use of 
rock wool. The lubricating oils, clays, peat and marble exhibits were 
also enlarged by the addition of newly acquired material. In connection 
with the installation of new labels for the iron blast furnace models, 
specimens of iron ore and manufactured iron made in Catalan forges in 
use in Brazil and collected by the Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Ex- 
pedition of 1922 were installed adjoining the model of this forge. In addi- 
tion to a large general label for the cement plant model, a series of six 
mahogany labels with gold lettering was installed within the case to 
explain briefly the nature of each group of machine shown. The large 
stump of the tree obtained from the coal mine at Zeigler, Illinois, pre- 
sented by Mr. Walter G. Zoller, was mounted on a mahogany base and 
installed in Hall 36 in proximity to the general coal exhibit. To the 
model in this hall illustrating the formation of peat, a base representing 
underlying rock was added. To the exhibit of diamonds and associated 
rocks, there were added three cut diamonds and some associated minerals 
from the Murfreesboro, Arkansas, mines, presented by Messrs. Howard 
A. Millar and Austin Q. Millar. 

As rapidly as they have been prepared for exhibition, the fossil verte- 
brates collected by the Captain Marshall Field Paleontological Expedi- 
tions in Argentina and Bolivia have been installed in Hall 38. Two large 
dinosaur leg bones, each over six feet in length and weighing 930 and 740 
pounds respectively, were mounted on individual bases and placed ad- 
joining the large dinosaur skeleton. Among vertebrates of Tertiary age, 
an entire case has been installed with specimens from the South Ameri- 
can expeditions. These included a fossil whale skull, six and one-half 
feet in length, a beautifully ornamented carapace, twenty-eight inches 
in length, of an extinct armadillo, and several smaller specimens. A 
complete list is as follows: One carapace of the armored mammal, 
Propalaeohoplophorus; skulls of the South American fossil mammals, 
Nesodon, Adinotherium, Proeutatus, Hapalops and Pachurukhos; jaws 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 447 

of Pyrotherium and of Neoromys; skull and jaws of a fossil baleen 
whale of undetermined species. 

The skull of the baleen whale was collected from a marine formation 
(Patagonian Beds) which caps the pampas of Patagonia and is extended 
over a wide area. In this formation are found fossil whales of various 
kinds, immense oyster shells and other fossils of marine origin. Some of 
these fossil shells may be seen attached to the skull. This animal was 
one of the baleen, or whalebone whales which are still common in the 
south Atlantic and which may be frequently fovmd stranded on the 
shores of Patagonia. These specimens are interesting not only as fossil 
animals but also in contributing unmistakable evidence of the marine 
origin of the great series of clays and sandstones of Patagonia which now 
lie as much as two thousand feet above high tide and form the surface of 
wide pampa-plateaus. The specimen obtained is of smaller size than the 
modem baleen whale and belongs to an extinct species not yet deter- 

The preparation of the above specimens and of a large carapace, five 
feet in length, of a species of Glyptodon collected in Bolivia, comprise 
the major activities carried on in the laboratory of vertebrate paleon- 
tology during the year. The shell or carapace of the Glyptodon was col- 
lected in the Tarija Valley of southern Bolivia. This shell formed the 
body-covering of a huge animal which was common in Pliocene and 
Pleistocene times. Glyptodon belonged to a family of extinct animals 
(Glyptodonts), which at that period ranged from southern United States 
to the southern extremity of Argentina. In addition to their great size 
the Glyptodonts are of interest because of the homy covering which 
sheathed the head, body and tail and served at once as a covering and 
as a defensive armor. This characteristic it shared with the smaller arma- 
dillo, but carried the development one degree farther in having the bony 
dermal plates of which the shell is composed joined by sutures to form 
a rigid carapace. This carapace was doubtless covered outwardly with 
homy plates, which gave the armor a smooth and elastic siirface. The 
top of the head was covered with a similar shield; the tail was enclosed in 
a series of overlapping rings. Protected in this way, the Glyptodon had 
but to crouch upon the ground, with head and legs drawn into the shell, 
and so remain secure from attack of any flesh-eating animal of his time. 
No doubt this immunity accounts for the long survival of these sluggish 
creatures and for their distribution over two continents. 

Construction of a model of a typical brickyard was undertaken by 
Associate Curator Nichols in the latter part of the year. Preliminary 
inquiries brought out the fact that while a model of a small, simple 

448 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

yard of the kind that was common some years ago would demonstrate 
clearly the principles upon which the industry is based, such a model 
would be misleading as an illustration of modern practice, since success 
in the present day brick industry depends upon quantity production and 
the use of elaborate labor-saving equipment. Therefore, it was 
decided to model a large, well-equipped modem yard. President 
William Schlake of the Illinois Brick Co., kindly offered hearty coopera- 
tion and after investigation. Yard No. 22 of this company at Blue Island, 
Illinois, was selected as especially suitable for reproduction. Surveys of 
the yard and a contour map of the yard and the clay pits were made by 
the Associate Curator. Superintendent Lambert and other officials of 
the company cordially assisted in this work. Numerous photographs 
were taken of details and sketches and measurements of the kiln sheds 
and buildings were made in order to insure accuracy of modelling. The 
model is now under construction. It is twelve feet long and three feet, 
six inches wide. It is on a scale of twelve and one-half feet to the inch. 
This scale makes human figures about one-half of an inch in height, and 
details of the machinery are readily visible. The ground and clay pits 
have been modelled in cement. The elaborately framed kiln sheds have 
been reproduced by the use of sheet copper and copper wire. The use of 
this material has enabled the elaborate framing of the timbers to be 
faithfully reproduced. There are also represented kilns in various stages 
of building, burning and removal and these in sufficient detail so that 
the methods of piling the brick are shown as well as the elaborate piping 
of the oil-burning equipment. Features still to be represented include 
models of the brick- making machines, dryers, power plant, steam shov- 
els and accessory buildings. 

A relief map of the rock surface under Chicago has also been mod- 
elled in the Department from data obtained from the Chicago City 
Department of Engineering. This relief represents the rock surface of 
the territory from Lawrence Avenue on the north to Lake Calumet on 
the south and from 56th Avenue on the west to points in Lake Michigan 
several miles east of the shore line. The horizontal scale of the model is 
eight miles to the inch and the vertical scale ten times the horizontal. 

In the chemical laboratory quantitative analyses of five iron meteor- 
ites were made by the Associate Curator. Analyses of a gum from the 
Hopewell Mounds, of a specimen of Chinese cement and nimierous 
qualitative tests for visitors or correspondents of the Museum were also 
made in this laboratory. Ten iron meteorite sections were etched. 
Treatment of antique bronzes for checking corrosion and restoring their 
surface was undertaken during the latter part of this year in this labora- 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 449 

tory and very satisfactory results obtained. The method is an electro- 
lytic and chemical one chiefly devised by the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art of New York City. For carrying on the work here and for permanent 
use a Weston voltmeter and ammeter with electrodes, switches and con- 
tainers were added to the equipment of the laboratory. Other additions 
to the laboratory equipment included a filter drying closet and a small 
crucible furnace. 

The lighting of the Department library was improved by providing 
it with five 200 watt reflectors. The office and library of the Associate 
Curator were provided with 240 feet of oak shelving. Five radio photo- 
logues for the Chicago Daily News were given by members of the De- 
partment staff during the year. 

Zoology. — Installation in the Department of Zoology included 
several large groups of mammals, one systematic case of mammals, two 
systematic cases of birds, one group of reptiles, and one group of fishes. 
In addition, a number of single animals have been prepared, some of 
which have been installed and others are awaiting cases or rearrange- 
ment of space. In all, therefore, the zoological exhibits have received an 
unusual amount of addition and improvement. 

The mammal group of greatest interest is perhaps that of the man- 
eating lions. The specimens for this group are the actual individuals 
described by Colonel J. H. Patterson in his book "The Man-Eaters of 
Tsavo." These animals, two large males of the short-haired maneless 
type found in the hot semi-arid coast of East Africa, killed and, in most 
cases, devoiu*ed more than 130 human beings. Their story is a most 
extraordinary one and they are perhaps the most famous of all lions. 
Their skins and skulls were purchased from Colonel Patterson by Presi- 
dent Stanley Field and presented to the Museum. They had been pre- 
served for a number of years and were not prepared originally with a 
view to musetmi exhibition. Therefore they offered unusual difficulty to 
the taxidermist and were mounted only by the exercise of much pains- 
taking care and skillful manipulation. This was accomplished by Taxi- 
dermist Julius Friesser with the assistance of Mr. H. C. Holling, the 
result forming a striking addition to the groups of African game animals 
in Hall 22. A slight rearrangement of the exhibits in this hall was made 
in this connection. The group of Beisa Antelopes was removed from the 
south half of the hall to the north, thus bringing practically all the 
hoofed animals into the north half and leaving carnivores and primates 
for the south half. The group of Beisas was reinstalled in the northeast 
comer of the hall and provided with plain backgrounds on two sides 
which serve to improve the lighting of the group. 

450 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

The beaver group was removed from its open floor case and rein- 
stalled in a new position in the northeast comer of Hall i6. Here it was 
placed in a built-in section with a single view glass, the background was 
extended on each side and effective lighting provided, altogether making 
it a much improved installation. On the opposite side of the hall, in a 
similar situation, there was installed the Jaguar and Capybara group, 
material for which was collected by a museimi expedition to Venezuela 
some years ago, but which had never been exhibited. The background, 
which had been painted for a different style of installation, was extended 
to the sides of the enclosure and the group arranged as a "built-in" 
exhibit. The scene shown is a tropical jungle of mangroves and ferns 
at the edge of a pool of water. The Capybara, largest of rodents, is repre- 
sented by a family of two adults and several young. At one side, partly 
covered by the dense vegetation, a jaguar is stealthily approaching its 
unsuspecting prey. The whole effect gives an excellent and characteristic 
impression of life in the hot lowlands of the South American tropics. 

A special exhibit of the "Mammals of the Chicago Area" was pre- 
pared early in the year and installed in a single case in Stanley Field 
Hall. The area included covers a radius of fifty miles from the center of 
the city and practically all of the thirty-nine species known to occur 
there are shown. The larger species, as bears and deer, which are extinct 
in the area, are not shown. Each species has an individual setting with 
sufficient accessories to give it an attractive appearance and to indicate 
or at least suggest some of its habits and locality preferences. The case is 
of especial interest to local naturalists, and it is hoped will be of value in 
connection with the Museum's work with school children. 

The Olympic Elk group, preparation of which has been subject to 
nttmerous interruptions, was advanced during the year, but final installa- 
tion was not accomplished. Space for it was assigned at the south end 
of Pullman Hall and all preliminary construction completed. 

Rearrangement of the systematic exhibit of mammals in Hall 15 was 
continued and thirteen cases there were reinstalled and cases of old style 
design eliminated. A niunber of single mammals were mounted, only a 
part of which were installed. Among them were specimens of the Brazil- 
ian Red Wolf, the Chinchilla, and the Argentine Viscacha obtained by 
recent South American expeditions. Awaiting installation are an 
Alaskan White Sheep, a Chilean Huemul, Ouakari Monkey, Tibetan 
Gazelle, Peruvian Tayra, and several smaller mammals. 

Two cases of North American birds were installed during the year as 
a beginning of the proposed revision of the systematic exhibit of birds 
in Hall 2 1 . The first of these was a case of raptorial birds, including birds 



















































Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 451 

of this class previously exliibited temporarily in Stanley Field Hall. All 
the important species of eagles, hawks, and falcons found in North 
America north of Mexico are shown. Species occurring in the state of 
Illinois have a distinctive mark on the label and thus the previous sys- 
tem of separate exhibits of North American and Illinois birds is rendered 
unnecessary. Shelves are dispensed with and the birds are disposed on 
natural perches affording opportunity for pleasing arrangement, proper 
association of related species and great variety of posing. A second case 
of this series was installed late in the year, containing on one side the 
North American owls (23 specimens) and on the other the woodpeckers 
(48 specimens) . In a few instances, not only the distinct species but some 
of the more important geographic races or subspecies are shown. Al- 
though the exhibit is a systematic one, it is possible also to introduce 
occasional features illustrating particular habits of individual species. 
A notable example of this sort is found on the screen of woodpeckers, 
where the California Woodpecker is mounted on a section of a telegraph 
pole, illustrating the well known but very interesting habit which this 
bird has of storing acorns in standing trees or poles. The section of pole, 
thickly studded with acorns, was collected and presented by Mr. R. H, 
Tuttle of San Bernardino at the instance of Mr. Edward E. Ayer. 

The group of American White Pelicans, which was one of the very 
few exhibits sviffering some damage during removal from the old Museum 
building, was brought again to first class condition by substituting for 
the old ones three newly mounted pelicans especially collected for the pur- 
pose by Taxidermist Hine on an expedition to Canada earlier in the year. 

Installation of reptiles was confined mainly to one large group of 
American crocodiles. Material for this group was obtained by the 
Captain Marshall Field Expedition to Honduras in 1923. Full size 
plaster casts of the freshly killed animals were made in the field and 
safely transported to the Museum where they were used in making the 
celluloid reproductions for the group. The crocodiles are the largest 
animals to which the celluloid process has been applied, and it is gratify- 
ing to find it quite as effective and successful as with smaller ones. The 
Anaconda, previously exhibited with other material, was reinstalled to 
occupy an entire case with suitable accessories. A nimiber of small rep- 
tiles were prepared in celluloid and await installation. Further experi- 
ments were conducted in celluloid work and a number of difficulties 
have been cleared up, especially in the technique of preparing specimens 
of very small size. 

With the exception of one special undersea group, very few fishes 
were installed during 1925, owing to the lack of suitable cases. A small 

452 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

collection of Pacific food and game fishes which had been exhibited 
temporarily in Stanley Field Hall was removed and placed in storage 
for incorporation with the systematic exhibit at a later time. Prepara- 
tion of fishes continued with some interruptions and about fifty com- 
pleted specimens are on hand with many others in various stages of com- 
pletion, altogether comprising a sufficient nimiber to occupy at least 
four entire cases. 

The undersea group shows mainly sharks and rays and is installed in 
a built-in case with artificial light and painted background. It repre- 
sents a scene as it might be viewed from a porthole of a submarine near 
shore and near bottom in the Gulf of Mexico. The material for it was 
collected by the Captain Marshall Field Expedition to Texas in 1924. 
The species showTi are as follows: A small shark (CarcJiarinus limbatus) 
commonly called "maneater" and much feared by local fishermen; a 
Cow-nosed Ray {RJnnoptera lohata), a species with heavily armored jaws 
for crushing shellfish; a Leopard Ray (Aetobatus narinari) handsomely 
spotted black and white; a Sting Ray (Dasybatus hastatus), having a 
large barbed spine at the base of the tail ; a Sawfish {Pristis pectinaius) 
about ten feet in length; and an Electric Ray (Narcine brasiliensis), 
noted for the powerful electric shock it is able to give. 

There were no new installations of osteological material, but there 
was considerable rearrangement. Six cases, released from service for 
mammals in Hall 15, were utilized to bring under cover a number of 
large skeletons that had previously been exposed on open bases. 

A special exhibit was maintained in Stanley Field Hall throughout 
most of the year, showing the route of the James Simpson-Roosevelt 
Expedition, and characteristic animals of the region traversed. It in- 
cluded a relief map on which the progress of the expedition was indi- 
cated by small flags placed as despatches came in. Paintings or pub- 
lished figures of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fishes likely to be ob- 
tained were also showm. 

Congestion in the reference collections of mammals and birds was 
partly relieved by the acquisition of eight units of a new and improved 
style of storage case. This has a metal exterior and interior fittings of 
wood and composition. It is equipped with swinging doors having a 
special locking device, rendering it practically airtight and mothproof. 
It is finished in color and is convenient, practical, and attractive in 
appearance. The need for further cases of this type continues in order 
to make it possible to assemble specimens from their miscellaneous 
places of storage and place them in convenient order for reference and 
proper care. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 453 

Ehiring the year the last of the reptiles and amphibians were removed 
from the fish storage room, leaving shelf room for a better arrangement 
of fishes. A beginning was made on this new arrangement and some 
work was also done on the very important task of removing specimens 
from imserviceable cork-stoppered or glass-stoppered bottles and putting 
them in safer containers of the fruit-jar type. 

Routine work in skull cleaning, skin dressing, and preparation of 
material received from expeditions proceeded as usual. Some 2,000 
insects were pinned and labeled and four cases of shells were removed 
from exhibition and placed in storage. 

An important event of the year was the receipt of the Barnes collec- 
tion of North American birds' eggs. The collection was deposited in the 
Museum by Judge R. M. Barnes, who holds the position of Assistant 
Curator of Oology in the Department of Zoology, and who will share 
responsibility for its care and gro^vth during his lifetime, after which it 
is agreed that full title to it shall pass to the Museum. The collection 
contains 38,731 eggs and is one of the largest and most valuable collec- 
tions of the kind ever formed. Besides specimens obtained by Judge 
Barnes himself during forty years of activity, it contains various collec- 
tions of others which were purchased entire. Among these are collections 
of Messrs. PhiloW. Smith, Lee W. Chambers, J.W. Preston, P. B. Peabody, 
George Noble, Fred W. Beers, and Richard Christ. The collection is 
arranged in series of sets covering variations and peculiarities of interest 
to oologists. It contains, approximately, fovir hundred such series re- 
garded as complete and about five hundred uncompleted ones. Prac- 
tically every species of North American bird is represented, including 
some very rare or extinct ones, the eggs of which are now virtually imob- 


Progress in the N. W. Harris Extension Department during the past 
year has been more than ordinarily satisfactory. Seventy-eight cases 
were added to the number available for loaning to the schools of Chicago. 
Improvements were made in the methods of production used in several 
of these cases. The attractiveness and educational value of cases exhibit- 
ing reproductions of wild flowers of the Chicago area were increased by 
the use as backgrounds of enlarged and colored photographs showing 
the natural habitat of the fiowers reproduced. The total number of 
cases that have been prepared for school use is 908. Of this number 706 
are in daily circulation, cases now being regularly loaned to 353 schools 
in Chicago. Each pupil of the conservatively estimated half-million 

454 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

attending these combined schools has the opportunity every school-day 
of studying two of the cases ; and during the school-year, thirty-six cases 
are placed at his disposal. A delivery truck visits each school eighteen 
times during the year and leaves, on each visit, two cases. These are 
either taken from class room to class room or are displayed in the main 
hall of the school. 

Requests to receive scheduled deliveries of cases were received from 
and granted to the following: Union League Foundation for Boys' Clubs, 
the Chicago University Settlement, Pullman Free School of Manual 
Training, and the Guardian Angel School conducted by the Sisters 
of Notre Dame. Cases were loaned for short periods to the fol- 
lowing: Woodlawn, Ogden Park and Henry E. Legler branches of 
the Chicago Public Library; Y. M. C. A. School; Moreland Continuation 
School; Municipal Pier Exhibit; Chicago Art Institute; Annual Nature 
Exhibit, Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs; Chicago Chapter, Wild 
Flowers Preservation Society of America; Swift & Company; Inter- 
national Life Stock Show; and Sprague, Warner & Company. Acknowl- 
edgement is made to the A. I. Root Company for their assistance in the 
preparation of a case showing various phases in the life of the honey-bee. 
This case was exhibited under their auspices at a meeting of the Wisconsin 
Bee-keepers' Association, and, later, in the Entomological Section of the 
Annual Meeting, American Association for the Advancement of Science. 

Classes from public, parochial and private schools, clubs, con- 
ventions, and other groups were given free guide-lecture service 
throughout the year. In conducted tours for classes from the public 
schools, a strict adherence to the subjects studied in each grade 
was maintained. This policy, coupled with the cooperation of 
school officials, nearly tripled the number of school classes receiving 
instruction. Three hundred forty-eight Informal lectures were given 
in the exhibition halls to classes totalling 11,821 children. A Vacation 
Course of Instruction for children recommended by Members of the 
Museum was carried on during the summer months. Thirty-six classes, 
with an attendance of 251 children, met during the course for study of 
the Museum collections. Clubs and conventions to the number of 120 
with an attendance of 2,167 were conducted on general tours of the 
Institution; and nine lectures illustrated by stereopticon were given to 
342 members of women's clubs. Public tours were offered on announced 
days and hours; and 176 such tours were attended by 693 individuals. 
The total for guide-lecture service in the Museum was: 653 lectures with 
an attendance of 15,023 individuals. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 455 

In January of 1925, tentative plans were made for widening the 
scope of the guide-lecture service by the inauguration of Field Museum 
Extension Lectures in the Public Schools. The addition of a third guide- 
lecturer to the department in March gave fresh impetus to the plan; 
but upon advice of school officials, the beginning of the work was 
postponed until the school year 192 5-1926. It was the desire of the 
Museimi to keep these lectures related as closely as possible to the 
regular school work by selecting their subjects from the school curricu- 
lum. The lectures were illustrated by lantern slides and were given in 
either school auditoriimis or class rooms, depending upon the choice of 
the principal. In November and December, 91 lectures were given to 
audiences totalling 20,717 children. These figures, combined with the 
totals for conducted tours, general lectures, special lectures, entertain- 
ments and Americanization programs, make a total of 105,066 individ- 
uals who received direct instruction from the Museum in the year 1925. 

Art Research Classes 

During the year, the classes in research from the School of the 
Art Institute of Chicago visited the Museum daily. The enrollment 
of this year is slightly in excess of that of preceding j^ears. 
Interest in the work is constantly growing, and the results of 
study in the Museum is to be seen in the work of other classes at the 
Art Institute. 

Some of the work done in Mr. Wilkins' classes included the produc- 
tions of posters, a few of which were used by the Museum in the Rapid 
Transit Series of advertisements and in the schools of Chicago. 

The portfolio, "Research Design in Nature," which was published 
during 1925 by Mr. Wilkins from Field Museimi Press, was compiled 
from the work of his classes at the Museum. It contains approximately 
220 plates, showing about 3,000 designs based directly on Museum 
exhibits, and is finding a diversified use in art, education and industry. 


General. — During the past year the Publicity work was enlarged, 
international as well as local and national mediimis being used. Neces- 
sarily the emphasis lay upon local efforts, the primary aim of the work 
during the year being to arouse a desire on the part of the general public 
to visit the Museum. 

In addition to attempting to increase the use of the Museum by the 
public through arousing an interest in its exhibits and activities, an 

456 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

active campaign has been maintained to enable the stranger to find his 
way to the Museum. 

Various advertising mediums have been placed at the disposal of 
the Museum without charge. This occasion is taken to again extend the 
thanks of the Institution to the givers of this space. 

Press Publicity. — ^An average of five newspaper notices were pub- 
lished each week in the local papers, some of these notices appearing in 
all or several of the six Chicago newspapers. Of the two hundred and 
fifty news stories, ninety-three were published nationally and twenty-one 
received international circulation. The aim of these stories was to in- 
form the public regarding the Museum's important exhibits and its re- 
search, expeditions, aims, accomplishments and general activities. 

During the year, news, feature and pictorial publicity was secured 
through the following distribution ser\'ices: Associated Press, United 
Press, International News, Universal Service, Consolidated Press, 
Underwood & Underwood. International Photo Service. Kadel & 
Herbert, Pacific and Atlantic, Photograms. Wide World, Central 
Press, NEA vService, Havas, Agence Radio, Reuters, Rosta, Aus- 
tralian Press, etc. 

Illu.strated articles were also printed in several leading magazines 
concerning Museum projects and activities. 

Advertising. — A series of six color posters, representing Museum 
exhibits, was displayed in the Elevated Line Stations. Placards an- 
nouncing the lecture courses were also displayed by the Rapid Transit 
Company in the spring and autumn. During the same seasons, the 
Surface Lines printed, at their own expense, overhead posters advertising 
the Museum. The Illinois Central Railroad, through the courtesy of the 
Inland Advertising Company, continued to give advertising space in its 
suburban trains to the Museum. 

Two color posters were distributed to libraries, schools and other 
institutions advertising the spring and autuinn lecture courses for 
adults and similar distribution was given to two posters advertising 
children's courses. A series of three color posters was used to advertise 
the Americanization Programs, distribution of this series being by mail 
and through the assistance of the Citizenship Committee of the Chicago 
Council of Social Agencies. 

Through the courtesy of the Clyde W. Riley Advertising System, the 
Museum used during the year a page in each program used by the eight- 
een theatres whose programs are controlled by the System. A page 
advertisement also appeared in each issue of the Auditorium Theater 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 457 

program during the 1925 season of the Chicago Civic Opera, this space 
being secured through the interest of President Stanley Field. An 
advertisement of the Museum appeared in This Week in Chicago, issue 
of May 3-9, 1925, through the courtesy of the publisher. 

Direction Folders. — A form letter has been sent to an average of 
fifty convention chairmen a month during the past year, offering them 
a supply of folders on "How to Reach Field Museum." A number of 
conventions have been supplied in this manner with the folders. This 
folder also received wide distribution through the courtesy of local 
hotels, information booths and railroad stations. 

Division ov Pki.vtinc 

The Division of Printing produced an excess of 2,000 exhibition 
labels and 150,000 other impressions over the total for 1924. 
The following publications were printed and bound during the year by 
this section : 

Regular publication series 15.714 

Design Series i ,500 

Leaflet Series 4-^.048 

Technique Series 2,200 

Membership Brochure 7i236 

Museum Publication Price List 100 

Total 68,798 

The number of labels and other impressions printed follows : 





Harris Extension 


Geographic Society of Chicago. 


One colored plate for the Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, one 
colored plate of Mr. Ayer for the Catalogue of the Ornithological 
Library, and eight colored maps for the Early Geological History of 
Chicago required 24,000 impressions. 



















458 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Among the exhibition labels printed, those produced on buff stock 
are worthy of mention as they have proved unusually legible in the 
artificially lighted halls. No. 3 in the Design Series is a good example of 
the cooperation which exists between the divisions of Photography, 
Photogravure and Printing. It consists of a portfolio with thirty-eight 
photogravure plates and four pages of text. 

Division of Photography and Illustration 

Photography. — The total nimiber of operations, lantern slides, 
prints and negatives made by this division during the year was 11,903. 
Two hundred and sixty-nine negatives were made for the portfolio, 
Research Design in Nature. The following tabulation is a summary of 
the work performed : 

Anthropology. . . 




Harris Extension. 




Public Schools . . 




Number of 












for Field 






• . . 







. . . 





• • > 





















Totals 1,664 




Photogravure. — The ntimber of photogravures made during the 
year exceeded the total for 1924 by more than 140,000. The following 
statement shows the work of this division during the year : 

No. of Prints 

Anthropology Publications 146,000 

Botany PubHcations 6,000 

Geology Publications 32,300 

Report of the Director 56,000 

Post Cards 14,764 

Post Cards, Special 1,000 

New Picture Post Card Album 41 i5oo 

Membership Certificates 1,000 

Research Design in Nature, portfolio 202,000 

Total 504,564 




(Cereus hexagonus) . 


Reproduced for the Ilall of Plant Life. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Artist. — The following list is a comprehensive statement of the 
work performed by this division during the year : 



67 pen drawings of Chinese pottery. 
16 pen drawings of Chinese picto- 

77 lantern slides colored. 
48 negatives of Chinese baskets 


2 photographs of crickets retouched. 
6 negatives numbered. 

6 plates (67 figures) photographs of 
excavations at Kish remounted, 
lettered and retouched. 

6 drawings of Polynesian designs. 

(Plant reproduction) 

Fruits and bracts of Borassus colored. 
180 petals of crab-apple flowers colored. 


Scutes of fossil Glyptodon colored. 

3 casts of meteorites colored. 
14 pen drawings for leaflet. 

4 negatives blocked. 

1 map drawing. 

2 drawings lettered. 

3 photographs retouched. 
81 lantern slides colored. 


14 drawings of coral snake patterns. 
I map of S. America drawn. 

1 map of Africa retouched. 

2 photographs of mammals re- 

touched. Numerals on photo- 
graphs of skulls. 


41 photographs retouched. 
50 negatives blocked. 


351 lantern slides colored. 
5 negatives blocked. 
Cover design and panel decora- 
tions for Membership Brochure. 

2 drawings for posters. 


Cuts repaired. 

Drawing of word "Album." 


Registration marks placed on 

Letters on negatives retouched. 


The total attendance for the year is 722,950, which is an increase 
of 79.491 over the previous year. An analysis of the admissions is 
made elsewhere in this report. 

Herewith are also submitted financial statements, lists of accessions, 
names of members, etc. 

D. C. DA VIES, Director. 

460 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

FROM JANUARY i, 1925 TO DECEMBER 31, 1925 

Total Attendance 722,950 

Paid Attendance 104,419 

Free Admission on Pay Days: 

Students 1 1,884 

School Children 34i659 

Teachers 1,397 

Members 760 

Admissions on Free Days: 

Thursdays (53) 83,109 

Saturdays (52) 165,768 

Sundays (52) 320,954 

Highest Attendance on any day (August 30, 1925) 18,889 

Lowest Attendance on any day (December 21, 1925) 133 

Highest Paid Attendance on any day (September 7, 1925) .... 4,i74 

Average Daily Admissions (365 days) 1,980 

Average Paid Admissions (208 days) 502 

Number of Guides sold 9.787 

Number of Articles checked 17.592 

Number of Picture Post Cards sold 95,643 

Sales of Publications, Leaflets, Handbooks and Photographs. . $2,357.37 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 461 




At December 31, 1925 
Balance, December 31, 1924 $43,560.53 


Income — Endowment, General, Miscellaneous and door 

receipts $ 253,892.03 

South Park Commissioners 1 10,983.64 

Sundry Receipts 9,004.83 

Memberships 72,670.00 

Contributions 290,415.12 

Sales of Securities 503,203.06 $1,240,168.68 


Operating Expenses $ 441,940.36 

Expeditions 60,477.30 

Collections Purchased 80,912.81 

Furniture and Fixtures 44,416.11 

Securities Purchased 611,522.16 

Annuities on Contingent Gifts 15,665.00 

Transferred to Sinking Fund 12,900.00 $1,267,833.74 

Cash Balance, December 31, 1925 $ 15,895.47 

462 Field Museum of Natural History — ^Reports, Vol. VI. 

Statement of Income and Expenses for the Year 1925 

Interest and Dividends on Investments $ 22,408.44 

Operating Expenses 21,179.88 

Balance transferred to Surplus $ 1,228.56 

Statement of Income and Expenses for the Year 1925 

Balance December 31, 1924 $ 66.92 

Contributions by Stanley Field during 1925 14,300.00 

$ 14,366.92 
Operating Expenses 1925 13.439-36 

Balance December 3 1 , 1925 $ 927'56 

Statement of Income and Expenses for the Year 1925 

Interest and Dividends on Investments $ 11,856.42 

Profit on sale of Securities 915-25 

$ 12,771.67 
Pensions and Group Insurance Premiums for 1925 10,668.13 

Balance added to Pension Fund $ 2,103.54 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 






1 portrait head carved from stone, 

Roman period; i cast silver 
figure, Inca period — Eg^'pt and 
Peru (gift). 

ADAMS, MR. JOSEPH, Chicago. 

2 barbed iron spears — 5udan, Central 

Africa (gift). 

ARONSON, HENRY A., Chicago. 
I beaded bag of Central Algonkin 
type — Chippewa, Lac du Flam- 
beau, Wisconsin (gift). 

AVER, EDWARD E., Chicago. 

1 large pewter ewer, with embossed 

Pan's head and floral designs — 
Germany (gift). 

2 pewter objects: i lacquered tea- jar 

and I pair pewter tea-jars with 
designs inlaid in brass — Japan 
and China (gift). 

1 water tobacco-pipe of white copper 

—China (gift). 

2 pewter objects: i pair wine-pots in 

form of peaches and i decorated 
box — China (gift). 

1 pewter wine-pot, 18th century — 

Japan (gift). 

II pewter objects: 4 pair of candle- 
sticks, I tea-pot, I pair of tea- 
canisters, I covered dish, i set 
of two figures on base, i box with 
two compartments, i boat, i fig- 
ure of phoenix — China (gift). 

II pewter objects: 2 pair of candle- 
sticks and 9 tea-pots — China 

4 pewter objects : i censer in shape of 
crane, i in shape of fish, i dish, 
I tea-jar inlaid with brass de- 
signs—China (gift). 

9 pewter objects: 3 tea-pots and 3 
trays inlaid with designs in brass 
—China (gift). 

2 pewter objects: i pair of wine-cups 

and I baptismal font — China and 
Germany (gift). 

10 pewter objects: i decorated plate, 
1 tureen, 7 spoons, i ladle — Italy 
and Germany (gift). 

3 pewter objects: i tray, i seal-box, 

1 money-box — China (gift). 

10 pewter objects: i covered jar, 2 
coffee-pots, 2 tankards, 2 plates, 

2 measuring cups, i porringer — 
China, England, Germany and 
United States (gift). 

7 pewter objects: i tea-jar lacquered 
in gold and red, i tea-jar inlaid 
with brass, 2 bowls, and i covered 
jar — ^Japan and China (gift). 

2 copper trays inlaid with floral 

designs in pewter — ^Japan (gift). 

10 feather head-dresses — Karok, Cali- 
fornia (gift). 

AYER, MRS. EDWARD E., Chicago. 
5 pewter objects: decanter and set 
of foiu- glasses, trimmed with 
pewter — Germany (gift). 

BABCOCK, A. B., Chicago. 

5 costumed dolls representing emper- 
or and empress, prince, princess 
and state minister, for dolls' 
festival — ^Japan (gift). 

Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

128 objects: stone work, tapa, wooden 
bowls, etc. from Hawaii; and i 
wooden image, 2 bowls, i pound- 
er, and I adze from Marquesas 
Islands — Hawaiian and Mar- 
quesas Islands (exchange). 


3 ornamented tomb-bricks of the Han 

period — China (gift). 

BUTLER, JULIUS W., Chicago. 

2 pairs of moccasins — Shoshoni and 
Algonkin, Eastern Woodland 
Area and A-Iontana (gift). 

464 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

CHANDLER, M. G., Chicago. 

3 rock medicines, 2 war medicines, 
I horse-stealing medicine, i to- 
bacco medicine, i medicine pipe, 
I medicine — Crow and Cheyenne, 
Montana (exchange). 

town, New York. 

I prehistoric stone chisel — Chaumont, 
Watertown, New York (gift). 

COALE, HENRY K., Highland Park, 
I prehistoric flint spear-head — High- 
land Park, Illinois (gift). 

CORY, CHARLES B,, JR., Chicago. 
I mat woven from ivory threads — 
Chittagong, Bengal, India (ex- 

CORY, MRS. CHARLES B., Chicago. 
13 objects: i woman's skirt, 2 waists, 

1 man's shirt and i coat, i racket 
with deerskin ball, i wooden 
soup-ladle, 1 beaded bandolier, 
3 pairs of moccasins, i piece of 
buckskin — Seminole, Florida; i 
leather apron — Nubia, Africa 

EGAN, W. C, EGANDALE, Highland 
Park, Illinois. 

I Chinese jingal, i Japanese sword, 

2 African spears — China, Japan, 
and Africa (gift). 

I poncho of llama wool — Peru, South 
America (gift). 

FIELD, J. C, Waukegan, Illinois. 

I comet made of 18 pieces of cow's 
horn from Peru, and i fur foot- 
warmer from Bolivia — Huan- 
cayo, Peru, and Bolivia, South 
America (gift). 


Collected by A. L. Kroeber. — Captain 
Marshall Field Expedition to 
About 1,971 objects: mummy bun- 
dles, pottery, fabrics, spindles 
and weaving sticks, baskets, 
pouches, plant remains, skulls 
and skeletal material — Peru, 
South America. 

Collected by Andre Bircher and James 
H. Breasted. — Stanley Field 
and Ernest R. Graham Fund: 

747 objects: i granite statue of 
Senmut, 9 bronze figures, i 
bronze sistrum, 154 alabaster 
bowls and vases, 580 textiles and 
dresses, and 2 Byzantine paint- 
ings on cloth — Egypt. 

Collected by M. G. Chandler.— En- 
dowment of Julius and Au- 
gusta N. Rosen wald. 

320 objects: clothing, mats, bags, 
clubs, spoons, mortars, saddle, 
snow-shoes, flutes, pipes, and 
ceremonial objects — Potawa- 
tomi, Menominee, Winnebago, 
Misstassini, and Chippewa, — 
Iowa, Kansas, and Wisconsin. 


Exhibit showing family tree of man 
consisting of background and 16 
casts of skulls, from American 
Museum of Natural History, 
New York. 

2 bark shirts and i pair of native rub- 
ber shoes — Province of Cara- 
baya, Peru, South America, from 
W. H. Staver, New York, 
N. Y. 

2 bronze sacrificial vessels in shape of 
animals — China, from William 
E. Hague, Chicago. 

2 carved wooden clubs — New Zea- 
land, from Ralph Linton, Chi- 

2 ornamented Karen bronze drums — 
Cheng Mai, Lao Country, Siam, 
from Dr. Joseph F. Rock, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

1,950 objects: 3 costumed figures, 
carved wooden door frames, im- 
ages, masks and stools, beaded 
work, ivory, jewelry, musical in- 
struments, bells, pipes, bronze 
castings, swords, spears, guns, 
bows, crossbows, shields, dag- 
gers, axes, quivers, tools, nets, 
etc. — Cameroon, West Africa, 
from Jan Kleykamp, New 

99 objects: clothing, weapons and im- 
plements — Copper Eskimo, Co- 
ronation Gulf, Northwest Terri- 
tories, Canada, from John G. 
Worth, Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


TION (Captain Marshall Field 

723 objects: 362 pieces of pottery, 59 
stone implements, 8 shell imple- 
ments, 12 bone implements, 35 
seals, 203 metal objects, 41 
beads, 3 ostrich-egg cups — Kish, 


361 miscellaneous archaeological and 
ethnological objects — Egypt, 
Greece, Rome, South America, 
Mexico, United States, Aus- 
tralia, South Sea Islands, 
Philippines, India, and Europe 

FORD, MRS. VERNON, Kansas City, 

I decorated red pottery goblet — 
Inca, Cuzco, Peru, South Ameri- 
ca (gift). 

FROST, MRS. E. B., Williams Bay, 

I mummified head — Egypt, Africa 

GILMER, DR. THOMAS L., Chicago. 
I woman's tobacco-pipe of pyrite — 
Banff, British Columbia, Canada 

HARRIS, HARRY, Richmond, 


String of 56 old colonial trade-beads 
— Penn Farm near Leedstown, 
Westmoreland County, Virginia 

HUBBARD, J. H., Chicago. 

I prehistoric grooved axe — Rogers 
Park, Chicago, Illinois (gift). 

HUDSON, W. L., Chicago. 

1 beaded pipe-bag with porcupine- 

quill fringes — Sioux, United 
States (gift). 

HUGHES, THOMAS S., Chicago. 

Framed oil-painting by Andrew 
McCallum "The Rock Temple 
at Aboo Simbel, Egypt," painted 
in 1874 (gift). 

2 carved wooden images — China and 

Burma (gift). 

JOHNSON, H. L., Clarksville. Tennes- 

19 objects: 2 discoidals, 5 bird-stones, 
I gorget, I flint gouge, 3 flint 
knives, 2 figures of frogs, 2 
points, 2 tobacco-pipes — Tennes- 
see, Kentucky, Indiana, North 
Carolina, California, Ohio, New 
York, Alaska, and Denmark 


3 clay figures of actors and i pen- 

rack — Fen-chou, Shansi Prov- 
ince, China (gift). 


I silex spear-head, Aurignacian 
period — La Ferrassie, France 

KROHN, DR. W. O., Chicago. 

143 objects: spears, blow-pipe, 
swords, shields, costumes, mats, 
ornaments, masks, musical in- 
struments, games, toys, and 
miscellaneous — Dayak, Borneo, 
Dutch East Indies (gift). 


4 pieces of decorated tapa cloth — 

Samoa, Polynesia (gift). 

LINTON, RALPH, Chicago. 

3 shell necklaces — Papeete, Tahiti 

LEGE, Beloit, Wisconsin. 
285 objects: 49 copper implements, 
64 chipped stone implements, 59 
grooved stone axes, Wisconsin; 
47 stone celts. United States; 54 
stone implements, Denmark; i 
bone anvil, Mousterian, France; 
I pottery vase, Chancay, Peru; 
I pottery vase, Yuma, California; 
1 adze, Klamath, California; i 
mat dress, Marshall Islands; i 
bone necklace and i shark-tooth 
spear, Gilbert Islands; i barbed 
weapon. New Guinea; 2 spears, 
Kikuyu, Africa; i iron axe. East 
Africa; i hammerstone. South 
Africa — Yuma and Klamath, 
Wisconsin and CaHfomia, United 
States; Denmark; Mousterian, 
France; Chancay, Peru; Mar- 
shall Islands; Gilbert Islands; 
New Guinea; Africa (exchange). 

466 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

MAERTIN, MRS. H., Chicago. 

1 pewter spoon (heirloom of Henry- 

Gross family) — Palatinate, Bav- 
aria, Germany (gift). 

MANIERRE, GEORGE (deceased), 
281 objects: 57 tobacco pipes, North 
America, Mexico and Japan; 73 
pieces of prehistoric pottery and 
stone implements. North Ameri- 
ca; 115 chipped stone imple- 
ments, Illinois; 3 pieces of pot- 
tery, Mississippi Valley; 20 bas- 
kets, bow, horn spoons, masks, 
knife, etc., California, Plains 
Indians, and Northwest Coast; 
6 obsidian flakes, Mexico; 2 
pieces of pottery, Chiriqui, Pan- 
ama; I alabaster jar, i ushebti, 
Egypt; I boomerang, Australia; 
I carved ivory figure, Japan; i 
enameled cup, Russia — North 
America, Mexico, Panama, Aus- 
tralia, Japan, Egypt, and Russia 

McARTHUR, MRS. R. J., San Pedro, 

2 prehistoric stone dishes — San Nico- 

las, Santa Barbara Islands, 
California (gift). 

I silk embroidered hanging — China 

cago Heights, Illinois. 
I Vicuna rug — Peru, South America 

MITCHELL, JOHN J., Chicago. 

160 carved rhinoceros-horn and 
buffalo-horn cups — China (gift). 

NICHOLSON, GRACE, Pasadena, Cali- 
I buckskin skirt ornamented with 
shells, and apron of Karok 
woman — Northwest California 

369 objects: celts, mica, and obsidian 
specimens, and 19 casts of Hope- 
well Mound specimens — Hope- 
well and other Mounds of Ohio 

O'KEEFE, MRS. DENNIS D., Chicago. 

1 dancing costume of Hibiscus fibers 

Tahiti; 3 pieces of tapa cloth 
stamped with designs, Fiji and 
Samoa — Papeete, Tahiti; Suva, 
Fiji ; Pagopago and Apia, Samoa 

London, England. 
54 inscribed clay tablets — Babylon, 
Mesopotamia (gift). 

burg, Illinois. 

2 embroidered shawls — Kashmir, 

India (gift). 

RITTER, DR. THOMAS B. (deceased), 

3 objects: 1 pottery jar, i pottery 

bowl, and i tobacco-pipe — 
Catawba Indians, North Caro- 
lina (gift). 

SARGENT, HOMER E., Pasadena, 

I Saltillo serape decorated with 
geometric designs — Saltillo, 
Coahuila, Mexico (gift). 

3 reproductions of copper axe, spear- 
head, and dagger — ^Aishihik tribe, 
Yukon Territory, Canada (gift). 

1 pair of snow-shoes — Chippewa, 

United States (gift). 
17 basket trays, i basket cradle, 
2 Apache baskets, 9 California 
baskets — Hopi, Apache, Mission, 
Pomo, etc., Arizona and Cali- 
fornia (gift). 

SWIFT, CHARLES H., Chicago. 

24 ivory carvings — ^Japan ; i miniature 
clay dish — Palestine (gift). 


West Falmouth, Massachusetts, 

2 large pearls found in the sepulchre 

of the High Priest — Maya, 
Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico. 


Angeles, California. 
I pewter chalice — England (gift). 

WHEELER, H. E., Chicago. 

I prehistoric incised black pottery jar 
— Caddo Indian Burying Ground, 
Arkansas River, Arkansas (gift). 























I- ^ . 

u. S2 " 












. I- 

^ _J 





Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


WILDSCHUT, W., Billings, Montana. 

1 Crow rock medicine — Montana 

77 medicine bundles and baskets — 
Crow and Cheyenne, and Ban- 
nock, Shoshoni Stock, Montana 


2 beaded bags — Ojibwa, Red Lake 

Indian Reservation, Beltrami 
County, Minnesota (gift). 

WORTHINGTON, MR. C. M., Chicago 
1 human skull with engraved designs 
— Borneo (gift). 

C. M., Chicago. 

43 objects: i shield, i mat, 4 men's 
hats, 3 women's head-dresses, 
2 dish-covers, 3 baskets, i to- 
bacco-pouch, I rice pounder, 2 
krises, I sword, 2 wooden kinfe 
models, i doll, 20 fruits and 
vegetables in wax, and i mario- 
nette figure — Dayak, Dutch 
Borneo and Java (gift). 

ZULFER, PETER M., Chicago. 

I decorated serape in colors — Mexico. 


ADAMS, J. A., Chicago, Illinois. 
I economic specimen (gift). 

missioner of Queensland Court, 
Panama Pacific Exposition, San 
Francisco, 19 15. 

42 economic specimens (gift). 

BENKE, H. C, Chicago, Illinois. 
487 herbarium specimens (gift). 
75 duplicate specimens (gift). 
32 photographic prints (gift). 
32 negatives (gift). 

versity of Chicago. 

68 herbarium specimens (gift). 

ter, Mass. 

1 herbarium specimen (gift). 


Argo, Illinois. 

39 economic specimens (gift). 

DAHLGREN, DR. B. E., Chicago, 

2 herbarium specimens (gift). 

EPLING, DR. CARL, University of 
California, Southern Branch, Los 
Angeles, California. 

24 photographs of herbarium speci- 
mens (gift). 


Collected by G. S. Bryan (Capt. Mar- 
shall Field Expedition, Peru 
18 herbarium specimens. 

Collected by J. F. Macbride (Capt 
Marshall Field Expedition, Peru 
6 herbarium specimens. 
Collected by A. C. Persaud (Capt. Mar- 
shall Field British Guiana Expe- 
dition 1924): 
51 herbarium specimens. 
132 duplicate specimens. 
Stanley Field Laboratory: 

34 models and reproductions of 
Transfer from Department of Anthro- 
3 economic specimens. 
Transfer from Department of Zoology: 

1 herbarium specimen. 

2728 herbarium specimens — various 

1386 duplicate specimens — various 
I economic specimen. 


Jacksonville, Florida. 
6 economic specimens (gift). 

FRIESSER, JULIUS, Chicago, Illinois. 

2 herbarium specimens (gift). 

HALLBERG, J. P., Winegar, Wisconsin. 
I economic specimen (gift). 

Budapest, Hungary. 

500 herbarium specimens (exchange). 


New York City. 
151 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

JOHNSON, A. S., Chicago, Illinois. 
I herbarium specimen (gift). 

468 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

MACBRIDE, J. F., Chicago, Illinois. 
4 herbarium specimens (gift). 

McCURRAGH, J., Portage Point, One- 
kawna, Michigan. 
1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

St. Louis, Missouri. 
I herbarium specimen (exchange). 

cago, Illinois. 
300 herbarium specimens (gift). 

PADILLA, DR. S. A., Salvador, Cen- 
tral America. 
I herbarium specimen (gift). 

PALMER, J. H., Chicago, Illinois. 
I herbarium specimen (gift). 

PEATTIE, D. C, Rosslyn, Virginia. 
121 herbarium specimens (gift). 

POMONA COLLEGE, Department of 

Botany, Claremont, California. 

181 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

ROSE, DR. J. N., Washington, D. C. 
I herbarium specimen (gift). 

SHERFF, DR. E. E., Chicago, Illinois. 
4 herbarium specimens (gift). 

STONE, R. R., Chicago, Illinois. 

Collection of wood specimens (gift). 

New York. 
2 economic specimens (gift). 

TURE, Washington, D. C. 
142 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

ington, D. C. 
1 089 herbarium specimens (exchange) . 

Southern Branch, Los Angeles, 
90 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

WEIS, S. W., Chicago, Illinois. 
250 herbarium specimens (gift). 

WHEELER, H. E., Chicago, Illinois. 
300 herbarium specimens (gift). 

WHETSTONE, DR. M. S., Minneap- 
olis, Minn. 
I herbarium specimen (gift). 


City, N. Y. 

1 cast of nest of fossil dinosaur eggs 


2 casts of fossil skulls (gift). 

4 casts of bones of fossil horse (gift). 

Alexandria, Indiana. 

2 specimens rock wool (gift). 

I specimen rock cork (gift). 

1 specimen argillaceous limestone 

1 specimen asphalt-paving jomt 


BLAIN, W. H., Chicago. 

I specimen coral — Nashville, Ten- 
nessee (gift). 

I specimen geode — Nashville, Ten- 
nessee (gift). 

BROWN, CHAS. F., South Bend, In- 
6 specimens peat — South Bend, In- 
diana (gift). 

BUTLER, JULIUS W., Chicago. 

15 specimens ores and rocks — Forney, 

Idaho (gift). 
18 specimens minerals — Gallatin Co., 

Montana (gift). 

CARD, GEORGE W., New South 
I specimen meteorite — New South 
Wales (gift). 

I specimen ferrierite — Kamloops, 

British Columbia (gift). 
I specimen monazite crystal — Bre- 

jauba, Minas Geraes, Brazil 

6 specimens bismuth and pucherite — 

Brejauba, Minas Geraes, Brazil, 

15 specimens minerals — Belgian 

Congo, Madagascar and Sweden 

21 specimens minerals — Madagascar 

24 specimens minerals — Valmelanco, 

Lanzada, Italy (gift). 
41 specimens minerals — South Amer- 
ica (gift). 

CHASE, V. H., Peoria, Illinois. 

6 specimens cone-in-cone formation — 
Peoria Co., Illinois (gift). 

CLEAVES, HOWARD H., Clarksburg, 
9 specimens fossil brachiopods — Al- 
bany Co., New York (gift). 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


RAL HISTORY, Denver, Colo. 

3 specimens meteorites — Johnstown, 

Colorado (exchange). 

CONE, W. H., Berkeley, California. 

1 specimen magnesite — Santa Clara 

Co., California (gift). 

CORY, C. B., Chicago. 

4 specimens hematite concretions — 

Pinehurst, North Carolina (gift). 

New York. 

2 specimens fossils — Chaumont, New 

York (gift). 


I specimen copper ore — Butte, Mon- 
tana (gift). 
1 specimen pyrite — Butte, Montana 

DAVIS, JOHN, Iowa City, Iowa. 

I specimen fossil sponge — Iowa City, 

Iowa (gift). 
I specimen fossil coral — Iowa City, 

Iowa (gift). 
14 specimens fossil invertebrates — 

Coralville, Iowa City, Iowa 


DOWNS, WM. R., Pal, Louisiana. 

3 specimens fossil wood — Pal, Vernon 

Parish, Louisiana (gift). 

ELLIOTT, JOHN G., Chicago. 

1 specimen gold ore — Calaveras Co., 

California (gift). 

AUJO, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 

4 specimens minerals — Ouro Preto 

and Bahia (exchange). 
I specimen gold ore — Bahia, Brazil 

FERSMAN, PROP. ALEX., Leningrad, 

Print of a section of the Pallas 
meteorite (gift). 


Collected by B. Laufer — Captain Mar- 
shall Field Expedition to China, 

14 specimens fossil and modern horse 
teeth — China. 

1 specimen part of tusk of fossil ele- 
phant — China. 
Collected by E. S. Riggs, J. B. Abbott, 
G. F. Sternberg and Harold 

Riggs — Captain Marshall Field 
Paleontological Expedition to 
Argentina : 

50 boxes fossil vertebrates, inverte- 
brates and plants — Argentina. 

43 boxes fossil vertebrates and inver- 
tebrates — Argentina. 

34 boxes fossil vertebrates — Bolivia. 

1 specimen geode — Argentina. 

Fossil skeleton of Equus scotti — 
Rock Creek, Texas. 

2 specimens Mesohippus bairdi — 

Harrison, Nebraska. 

2 specimens opals — WTiite Cliff, Aus- 


3 cameos cut from lava. 
3 casts of Eohippus. 

5 specimens blue and mauve, cut 

zircon — Siam and Ceylon. 
10 restorations of extinct reptiles. 
13 cut, semi-precious stones. 


5 specimens fossil plants (gift). 

FORD, MRS. VERNON, Kansas City, 

1 specimen colored sand — Chile (gift). 

FREDERICKS, P. G., Bessie, North 

16 specimens concretions, fossils and 
minerals — North Dakota (gift). 


2 specimens clays — Niland, near 

Death Valley, California (gift). 

3 specimens miscellaneous minerals — 

Niland, near Death Valley, Cali- 
fornia (gift). 
15 specimens concretions — Niland, 
near Death Valley, California 

HALL, LEO G., Downer's Grove, IIU- 
3 specimens minerals — Colorado, 
Montana and Cornwall, Eng- 
land (gift). 
n specimens synthetic minerals 

I specimen meteorite — New Balti- 
more, Pennsylvania (exchange). 

HOLMES, THOS. J., Chicago. 

3 specimens fossil shells and wood 
— Midlothian, Illinois (gift). 

470 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

HUNTLEY, O. V., Riverdale, Illinois. 
2 Specimens mammoth bones — Law- 
rence Co., Illinois (gift). 

Joliet, Illinois. 
6 specimens clays, peat and briquettes 
— Goose Lake, Coal City, Illi- 
nois (gift). 
RAPING, HERMAN, Ingleside, Illinois. 
Vertebra and rib of Mastodon 
americanus — Ingleside, Lake Co., 
Illinois (gift). 

KNOPP, E. B., Kirkland Lake,'Ontario. 
I specimen tellurium (gift). 

LEAN, F. J., Calumet, Michigan. 

4 specimens minerals — Calumet, 
Michigan (gift). 


Costa Rica. 
I specimen basalt containing obsidian 

— Cebadilla, near Rio Grande, 

Costa Rica (gift). 
LINTON, DR. RALPH, Chicago. 

I specimen volcanic sand — St. Vin- 

cent Island (gift). 

MILLAR, AUSTIN Q., Murfreesboro, 

II specimens peridotite minerals — 

Pike Co., Arkansas (gift). 

MILLAR, HOWARD A., Murfreesboro, 

13 specimens diamonds and its asso- 
ciated minerals — Pike Co., near 
Murfreesboro, Arkansas (gift). 

MITTAU, FELIX E., West Hartford, 
10 specimens claystone concretions — 
Hartford, Connecticut (gift). 

MORONEY, JOHN J., Chicago. 

I specimen fire clay — Morton, Min- 
nesota (gift). 

MORTON, JOY, Chicago. 

I fossil tooth — Fulton Co., Illinois 
NININGER, PROF. H. H., McPherson, 
I specimen Carlton — Tucson meteo- 
rite — ^Tucson, Arizona (exchange). 

St. Louis, Missouri. 
2 specimens Ozora marbles — Ozora, 
Missouri (gift). 

12 paraffined cups (gift). 

PERRY, MRS. MARY S., Chicago. 
I specimen colored limestone — Petos- 
key, Michigan (gift). 

I specimen obsidian — Obsidian Cliff, 

Yellowstone National Park, 
Montana (gift). 
15 specimens fossil corals — Petoskey, 
Michigan (gift). 

PHILLIPS, R. L., Brazil, Indiana. 
6 specimens minerals — Brazil, Indiana 


I I specimens asbestos products (gift). 

SALMEN, NAGIB, Baabda, Beyrouth, 

1 specimen smoky quartz crystal — 

Theophilo Ottoni, Brazil (gift). 

TRISTAN, J. FID., San Jose de Costa 
Rica, Costa Rica. 

2 specimens alunogen — Costa Rica, 

Central America (gift). 
2 specimens shell marl — Costa Rica, 
Central America (gift). 

I specimen gold ore showing free 
gold — Near Kenora, Ont. (gift). 

WALKER, DR. JAMES W., Chicago. 

1 specimen fossil echinoid (gift). 

WENDLER, C, Geneva, Switzerland. 

2 specimens meteorites — Olivenza, 

Badajoz, Spain (exchange). 

WHEELER, H. E., Chicago. 

60 specimens minerals — Magnet 
Cove, Arkansas (gift). 

ZOLLER, WALTER G., Chicago. 
I specimen fossil tree of the Carbon- 
iferous Period — Zeigler Mines, 
Zeigler, Illinois (gift). 


HISTORY, New York City. 

266 frogs and toads, 12 salamanders, 
136 snakes, 277 lizards — China 

AMMEN, MRS. W. J., Chicago. 

1952 shells — Various localities (gift). 

AYER, EDWARD E., Chicago. 

I nudibranch mollusk — La JoUa, Cal- 
ifornia (gift). 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


BARBOUR, DR. THOMAS, Cambridge, 

2 coral snakes — Honduras (gift). 

BAYLIS, J., Chicago. 

1 wasp — Chicago (gift). 


2 snakes — Clark County, Wisconsin 


BIGELOW, H. A., Chicago. 

I West African palm civet — Belgian 
Congo, Africa (gift). 

BIRKHOLZ, H. G., La Porte, Indiana. 
I star-nosed mole — La Porte, Indiana 

BISHOP, DR. S. C, Albany, New York. 
36 salamanders — Various localities 

BRADLEY, H. E., Chicago. 

I flying lemur skin, i giant squirrel 
skull — Sumatra, East Indies 

Landing, B. C. 

I pigmy owl — Okanagan Landing, 
B. C. (gift). 

BRUNNER, FRANK, Flossmoor, 111. 
I New York weasel — Flossmoor, 111. 

BUSH, BENJAMIN O., Kalamazoo, 
1 American scoter — Kalamazoo, 
Michigan (gift). 

BUTLER, JULIUS W., Chicago. 

6 mammal skulls— Salmon River, 
Idaho (gift). 

CARAWAY, B. M., Riverton, Wyoming. 
I mountain sheep — Near Riverton, 
Wyoming (gift). 

COALE, H. K., Highland Park, Illinois. 
I heron — Japan (gift). 
1 heron — Congo (gift). 
I tanager — Paraguay (gift). 
4 pine siskins, i snow bunting — Lake 

County, Illinois (gift). 
I tree-partridge — Formosa (gift). 

COLLINS, MAJOR A. M., Philadelphia, 
240 butterflies, 3 moths — Belgian 
Congo, Africa (gift). 

CONOVER, H. B., Chicago. 
40 mammals — Alaska (gift). 

1 pied-billed grebe — Ceara, Brazil 


2 gulls — Bolivia (gift). 

1 Sabine gull, i parasitic jaeger — 

Alaska (gift). 

2 birds — Italy (gift). 

1 bird — Paraguay (gift). 

CORY, C. B. (deceased), Chicag;o. 

4 gophers — Lake Geneva, Wisconsin 


DAHLGREN, DR. B. E., Chicago. 
3167 wasps, ants, and nests — British 
Guiana (gift). 

DAVIS, WM. T., New Brighton, New 

3 walking-sticks — Maspeth, New York 


DAWSON, CHARLES W., Muskogee, 

3 ttutles — Muskogee, Oklahoma (gift). 

DURY, CHARLES, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

6 beetles — Cincinnati, Ohio (gift), 

ECKSTORM, MRS. F. H., Brewer, 
1 Hoy's shrew — Brewer, Maine (gift). 

ERWIN, RICHARD P., Boise, Idaho. 
I salamander, 12 frogs, 14 lizards, 
12 snakes — Idaho (exchange). 

FERRISS, JAMES H., JoHet, Illinois. 
36 fishes— Southern Texas (gift). 

Collected by G. K. Cherrie (James 
Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Ex- 
pedition) : 
95 birds, 3 eggs — India. 

5 mice — Ladak, India. 

4 hawks — Red Sea. 

Collected by J. Friesser and H. C. 
Holling (Capt. Marshall Field 
British Columbia Expedition): 

7 mountain goats, i elk, i mule deer, 

1 rabbit, i squirrel, 6 mice, 15 
birds — British Columbia. 

Collected by Major A. M. Collins and 
Edmund Heller (Capt. Marshall 
Field African Expedition): 
187 mammals — Africa. 

Collected by Edmund Heller (Capt. 
Marshall Field Peruvian Expe- 
dition) : 
I crab — Peru. 

Collected by Edmund Heller (Capt. 
Marshall Field African Expedi- 
tion) : 
9 mammals, 4 snakes, 1 1 lizards, i 
centipede — Central Africa. 

472 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Collected by Ashley Hine (Capt. Mar- 
shall Field Canadian Expedition) : 

1 red squirrel, 3 chipmunks, 5 ground- 
squirrels — Banff, Canada. 

106 birds, 4 gophers, 6 toads — Sas- 
katchewan, Canada. 

Collected by E. S. Riggs (Capt. Mar- 
shall Field Patagonian Expedi- 
tion) : 

3 rodents, 9 lizards, i spider — Argen- 


Collected by C. C. Sanborn: 

1 turtle — Highland Park, Illinois. 

4 shrews, 7 mice — Lake County, 111. 
I pocket gopher, i box turtle, Lacon, 


Collected by K. P. Schmidt and L. L. 
Walters (Capt. Marshall Field 
Honduras Expedition): 
4 birds — Honduras. 

Collected by G. F. Sternberg (Capt. 
Marshall Field Patagonian Ex- 
pedition) : 
I pampas hare, i armadillo skull — 

Collected by L. L. Walters (Capt. Mar- 
shall Field Expedition to Georgia) : 
36 salamanders, 71 frogs, 8 alligator 
skins and skulls, 75 alligator 
eggs, 12 turtles, 23 lizards, 11 
lizard eggs, 26 snakes, i beetle — 
Beachton, Georgia. 

Collected by L. L. Walters: 

I Franklin's gopher — Chicago Ridge, 

Collected by L. L. Walters and H. L. 
Stoddard (Capt. Marshall Field 
Expedition to Georgia) : 
154 fishes — Beachton, Georgia. 
49 fishes — Florida. 

Collected by A. C. Weed and L. L. 
Pray (Capt. Marshall Field Ex- 
pedition to Texas): 
49 bugs, grasshoppers, flies, beetles, 
moths, parasites, ants — Browns- 
ville, Texas. 

Collected by A. C. Weed and C. C. 
169 fishes — Beach, Illinois. 

Collected by A. C. Weed, K. P. and 
F. J. W. Schmidt, L. L. Walters, 
C. C. Sanborn: 
85 frogs and toads, 11 turtles, 20 
snakes — Vicinity of Chicago. 


26 mammals — Africa. 
25 birds — Austria. 

17 mammals — Bolivia. 

1 duck hawk — Brewer, Maine. 

I bird — British Guiana. 

100 birds — Chile. 

63 mammals, 290 birds — Eastern 

120 fishes — Gainesville, Florida. 
I gray squirrel — Highland Park, 111. 
3 salamanders, 20 frogs, 3 snakes — 

Laurel, Maryland. 
26 mammals, 378 birds — Maranhao 

Prov., Brazil. 

7 snakes, 18 lizards, 2 scorpions — 

Negritos, Peru. 

9 fishes — Oneida Lake, New York. 
124 mammals, 6 birds, 3 snakes, 26 

lizards — Papudo, Chile. 
119 birds — South America. 

1 bald eagle — Wainwright, Alberta. 

8 fishes— Wood's Hole, Mass. 


2 African lions — Tsavo, Africa (gift). 

FRENCH, G. H., Herrin, Illinois. 

I butterfly, 4 moths — Various locali- 
ties (gift). 

FRIERSON, L. S. Jr., Gayle, Louisiana. 

10 salamanders, 3 frogs, 7 snakes, 

8 lizards, 12 turtles, i millipede, 
2 crayfish — Gayle, Louisiana 

I salamander, 8 frogs, 21 lizards, 
ID snakes — Caddo Parish, Louis- 
iana (exchange). 

6 frogs, 5 snakes, i turtle — Frierson 
and Gayle, Louisiana (gift). 

31 mollusks — Wallace Bayou, Gayle, 
Louisiana (gift). 


I mammal skull — Kenosha, Wisconsin 

I lamprey — Holland, Michigan (gift). 
I parrot, i macaw — British Guiana 


GERHARD, W. J., Chicago. 

12 insects — Illinois and Louisiana 

8 birds — Michigan (gift). 

GUERET, E. N., Chicago. 

3 insects — Illinois and Wisconsin 


HELLMAYR, DR. C. E., Chicago. 

4 birds — British Guiana and Argen- 

tina (gift). 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


K., Chicago. 
12 beetles, 16 moths, 364 butterflies — 
Bavaria, Switzerland, France 

HICHAM, J. F., Winnipeg, Canada. 
I tree frog — Emerson, ^Ianitoba (gift). 

HOLLING, H. C, Chicago, 

6 mink skulls — Leslie, Michigan (gift). 


1 abnormal turkey egg — Ipswich, 

Massachusetts (gift). 

JOHNSON, C. W., Boston, Mass. 

2 flies — Boston, Massachusetts (gift). 

KLAUBER, L. M., San Diego, California. 
8 lizards, 6 snakes — San Diego Co., 
California (gift). 

KNAPP, A. S., Chicago. 

I woodchuck — Roselawn, Indiana 

KRUEGER, HANS, Spooner, Wisconsin, 
I small-mouthed bass — Spooner, Wis- 
consin (gift). 

LANGABAUGH, J. J., Gray's Lake, 

I albino striped ground squirrel — 
Gray's Lake, Illinois (gift). 

LEVY, R.,and NAIBURG, I., Chicago. 
I weasel — Whitehall, Michigan (gift). 

198 fishes — Various localities (gift). 

MANN, G., Chicago. 

I skate — Azores Islands (gift). 

MARGOLD, J., Chicago. 
I spider — Chicago (gift). 


I damsel-fly, 5 beetles — Imboden, 
Arkansas (gift). 

14 beetles — Imboden, Arkansas (ex- 

McCREA, C. S., Chicago. 

I mink — Chandlerville, Illinois (gift). 

MELGES, F. W., Chicago. 

I albino opossum — Odin, Illinois 

MEYER, U. S., Shreveport, Louisiana. 
1 Ichneumon-fly, i beetle — Shreve- 
port, Louisiana (gift). 

MONTEIRO, E. J., Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 
I bee, 4 beetles — Itacurassa, Brazil 
MOORE, DR. A. R., Downer's Grove, 

I bald eagle — ^Joliet, Illinois (gift). 
MORDEN, W. J., Evanston, Illinois. 
I Tibetan antelope, i Tibetan Sharpu 
sheep, I burrhel sheep — Tibet 
ZOOLOGY, Cambridge, Mass. 
10 rodents — Argentina (exchange). 
9 birds — Patagonia (exchange). 
33 frogs, 6 salamanders, 9 turtles — 
Various localities (exchange). 
OGY, Berkeley, CaHfornia. 

3 Hawaiian rats — Oahu, Hawaii (gift). 

22 fishes — Various localities (ex- 

NARBO, DR. SVEN, Stavanger, Nor- 
359 caddice-flies, flies, beetles, butter- 
flies, moths and parasites — 
Stavanger, Norway (gift). 

York City. 
33 frogs, 8 snakes — South Dakota 

OLSSON, AXEL A., Gloversville, New 

4 snakes, 65 lizards — Negritos, Peru 

ORR, MRS. F. B., Chicago. 

I Belgian Griffon dog — (gift). 

OSGOOD, DR. W. H., Chicago. 

I red squirrel, 2 flying squirrels, 4 
red-backed mice — Michigan 

PRAY, L. L., Homewood, Illinois. 
I cotton-tail rabbit, 6 chipmunks — 
Illinois and Michigan (gift). 

1 bug — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

PSOTA, DR. F. J., Chicago. 

2 insects — Los Chorros, Venezuela 


RUECKERT, A. G., Chicago. 

I coyote skull — Lake County, Illinois 

I pine snake — Marion County, Flor- 
ida (gift). 

I diamond-backed rattlesnake — Mar- 
ion County, Florida (exchange). 

474 Field Museum op Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

SANBORN C. C., Highland Park, 111. 
7 birds — Chicago (gift). 
7 frogs — Kansas City, Missouri (gift). 
I muskrat — Waukegan, Illinois (gift). 

SCHMIDT, F. J. W., Stanley, Wisconsin. 
4 tree frogs, 2 snakes, i soft-shelled 

turtle — Stanley, Wisconsin (gift). 
31 frogs, 3 snakes, 2 turtles — Clark 

County, Wisconsin (gift). 

SCHMIDT, K. P., Homewood, Illinois. 
24 insects — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 

SCHMIDTZ, F. J., Elgin, Illinois. 
I albino butterfly — Elgin, Illinois 

STODDARD, H. L., Beachton, Georgia. 
I snake bird — Leon County, Florida 

7 snakes, 4 turtles — Beachton, Geor- 
gia (gift). 

SUMNER, DR. F. B., La JoUa, CaH- 
3 white-headed mice — Florida (gift). 

THOMPSON, DR. F. P., Chicago. 
1 Inyala antelope — Portuguese Africa 


Norman, Oklahoma. 

6 frogs, 6 lizards, 6 turtles — Norman, 
Oklahoma (exchange). 

I turtle — Dougherty, Oklahoma (ex- 

3 1 frogs and toads, i lizard, 4 turtles 
— Norman and Okmulgee, Okla- 
homa (exchange). 

12 frogs — Okmulgee, Oklahoma (ex- 


ton, D. C. 
326 fishes — El Salvador (exchange). 
VIOSCA, PERCY. Jr., New Orleans, 


I tree snake — New Orleans, Louisi- 

ana (gift). 
OSWALD, Chicago. 

I I hawks — James County, New 
Jersey (gift). 

VOY, DAVID A., Ackley, Iowa. 

1 albino meadow mouse — Ackley, 

Iowa (gift). 

WAIR, MRS. E. G., La Porte, Indiana. 

2 box turtles — La Porte County, 

Indiana (gift). 

WEED, A. C, Chicago. 

I salamander larva, 26 snakes, 4 
turtles — North Rose, New York 
493 fishes — Wayne and Chenango 

Counties, New York (gift). 
87 insects — New York and Illinois 
WOLFFSOHN, J. A., Papudo, Chile. 
18 crabs — Papudo, Chile (gift). 

I manis skin — Borneo (gift). 

YOUNG, F. S., Chicago. 

I gila monster — Wickenburg, Arizona 
DIEGO, San Diego, California. 
10 lizards — San Diego County, Cali- 
fornia (gift). 
7 lizards, 10 snakes — San Diego 
County, California (exchange). 


BENKE, H. C, Chicago. 

32 photographs of trees and plants. 

BREASTED, J. H., Chicago. 

6 negatives of statue of Senmut. 

CORY, MRS. CHARLES B., Chicago. 
20 prints of Seminole Indians. 


Made by Division: 

8,564 prints, 1,529 negatives, 1,664 
lantern slides. 

Developed for Field Expeditions: 
146 negatives. 

Made by A. L. Kroeber: 

103 negatives of Peruvian natives, 
villages, landscapes. 
Pm"chased from Jan Kleykamp, New 
600 negatives of natives, scenery, 
animals of Cameroon, West 


208 negatives of 104 Japanese sword 

350 films made in Egypt, Palestine, 

India, Burma, Federal Malay 

States, China and Japan. 















S^ >^ 








































Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


LINTON, DR. RALPH, Chicago. 
380 prints of natives, villages, land- 
scapes in the Marquesas Islands, 


6 photographs of Taj Mahal, Agra, 

MITCHELL, JOHN J., Chicago. 
36 prints of rhinoceros-horn cups. 


32 films — X-rays of Peruvian and 
Egyptian mummies. 



(Accessions are by exchange, unless otherwise designated) 


Albany Museum, Grahamstown. 

Department of Mines and Industries, 

Geological Society, Johannesburg. 

Institut d' Egypte, Cairo. 

Ministry of Public Works, Cairo. 

Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg. 

Rhodesia Scientific Society, Bulawayo. 

Royal Society of South Africa, Cape 

Soci^t6 de Geographic d'Alger. 

Soci6t^ d'Histoire Naturelle de I'Af- 
rique du Nord, Algeria. 

Societe des Sciences Naturelles du 
Maroc, Rabat. 

South African Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Sciences, Cape Town. 

South African Department of Agricul- 
ture, Pretoria. 

South African Museum, Cape Town. 


Academia Nacional de Ciencias, Cor- 

Ministerio de Agricultura, Buenos 

Museo Nacional, Buenos Aires. 

Sociedad Argentina de Ciencias Natu- 
rales, Buenos Aires. 

Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, Buenos 

Sociedad Omitol6gica del Plata, Bue- 
nos Aires. 

Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 
Buenos Aires. 


Australian Museum, Sydney. 

Botanic Gardens and Government 
Domains, Sydney. 

Commonwealth of Australia, Mel- 

Department of Agriculture, Adelaide. 

Department of Agriculture, Sydney. 

Department of Agriculture, Welling- 

Department of Mines, Brisbane. 

Department of Mines, Sydney. 

Field Naturalists' Club, Melbourne. 

Fish Commission of New South Wales, 

Forestry Commission, Sydney (gift). 

Geological Survey of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

Geological Survey of Western Austra- 
lia, Perth. 

Linnean Society of New South Wales, 

Melbotirne University. 

Ornithological Society of South Aus- 
tralia, Adelaide. 

Public Library, Museum and Art Gal- 
lery, Adelaide. 

Public Library, Museum and National 
Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. 

Queensland Geological Survey, Bris- 

Royal Geographical Society of Aus- 
tralasia, Brisbane. 

Royal Society of Queensland, Bris- 

Royal Society of South Australia, 

Royal Society of Tasmania, Hobart. 

Royal Society of Victoria, Melbourne. 

Royal Society of Western Australia, 

Royal Zoological Society of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

South Australian Museum, Adelaide. 


Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna. 
Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna. 
Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft, 

Zoologisches Institut, Graz. 


Acaddmie Royale d'Archdologie, Ant- 

Academic Royale de Belgique, Brus- 

Direction de I'Agriculture, Brussels. 


476 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Jardin Botanique de I'fitat, Brussels. 

Mus^e du Congo, Brussels. 

Musde Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de 

Belgique, Brussels. 
Musses Royaux du Cinquantenaire, 

Nederlandsch Phytopathologische 

(Plantenziekten) Vereeniging, 

Soci^t6 de Botanique, Brussels. 
Soci^t^ Royale des Sciences, Liege. 
Vereeningen Kruidkundig Genootschap 

Dodonea, Ghent. 


Academia Brasileira de Sciencias, Rio 

de Janeiro. 
Biblioteca Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Medi- 

cina Veterinaria, Rio de Janeiro. 
Institute de Butantan. 
Museo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
Secretaria da Agricultura, Commercio 

e Obras Publicas, Sao Paulo. 
Servicio Geologico e Mineralogico, Rio 

de Janeiro. 


Board of Agriculture, Georgetown. 
Royal Agricultural and Commercial 
Society, Demerara. 


Canadian Arctic Expedition, Ottawa. 

Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. 

Department of Agriculture, Victoria. 

Department of Mines, Ontario, Tor- 

Department of Mines, Ottawa. 

Department of the Interior, Geological 
Survey, Ottawa. 

Entomological Society of Ontario, 

Hamilton Association. 

Horticultural Societies, Toronto. 

McGill University, Montreal. 

Minister of Education, Ontario, Tor- 

Provincial Museum, Toronto. 

Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto. 

Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa. 

Soci^t6 de Geographie, Quebec. 

Universite de Montreal. 

University of Toronto. 


Colombo Museum. 

Department of Agriculture, Colombo. 

Biblioteca Nacional, Santiago. 


Geological Survey, Peking. 

Royal Asiatic Society of North China, 

Science Society of China, Shanghai 

University of Nanking. 

Acad^mie Tch^que des Sciences, 

Charles University, Prague. 
Deutscher Naturwissenschaftlich- 

Medizinischer Verein fur Bohmen 

"Lotos", Prague. 
So ci etas Entomologica Bohemica, 
Ndrodni Museum, Pragua 


Dansk Botanisk Forening, Copenhagen. 

Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Cop- 

Dansk Ornithologisk Forening, Cop- 

K. Bibliotek, Copenhagen. 

K. Nordiske Oldskriftselskab, Copen- 

University, Copenhagen. 


Academia Nacional de Historia, Quito. 


Ministry of Public Works, Cairo. 

Institut figyptien, Cairo. 

Soci6t6 Royale de Geographie, Cairo. 

Royal Asiatic Society, Malay- 
an Branch, Singapore. 

Fijian Society, Suva, 


Abo Akademi. 

Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, 

Suomen Museo, Helsingfors. 


Acad^mie des Sciences, Paris, 
ficole d'Anthropologie, Paris. 
Laboratoire de Zoologie et de Physiolo- 

gie Maritimes, Concameau. 
Musde d'Histoire Naturelle, Marseille. 
Mus^e Guimet, Paris. 
Musdum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 

La Nature, Paris. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


Soci^t^ Dauphinoise d'Ethnographie 
et d'Anthropologie, Grenoble. 

Soci^t^ d'fitudes Scientifiques, Angers. 

Society d'Ethnographie, Paris. 

Soci^t6 d' Etudes des Sciences Natur- 
elles, Reims. 

Soci^t^ d'Histoire Naturelle, Toulouse. 

Soci^t^ de G6ographie, Paris. 

Soci^te des Am^ricanistes, Paris. 

Soci^t^ des Sciences, Nancy. 

Soci^t^ des Sciences Naturelles de 
Sa6ne-et-Loire, Chalon-sur-Sa6ne. 

Soci^te Linneenne, Bordeaux. 

Society Nationale d'Agriculture, Sci- 
ences et Arts, Angers. 

Soci^t^ Nationale d'Horticulture de 
France, Paris. 

Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, Bre- 
Omithologische Gesellschaft in Bayem, 

Physikalisch - Ivledizinische S o z i e t at , 

Schlesische Gesellschaft fiir Vaterlan- 

dische Cultur, Breslau. 
Senckenbergische Naturforschende 

Gesellschaft, Frankfurt a.M. 
Thuringischer Botanischer Verein, 

Verein fur Naturkunde, Cassel. 
Verein fur Vaterlandische Naturkunde, 

Verein fiir Volkskunde, Berlin. 
Zoologisches Museum, Berlin. 


Akademie der Wissemschaften, Heidel- 
Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaf- 

ten, Munich. 
Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft, 

Bibliothek Warburg, Leipzig. 
Botanischer Garten und Botanisches 

Museum, Berlin. 
Deutsche Dendrologische Gesellschaft, 

Deutsche Entomologische Gesellschaft, 

Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Anthropolo- 

gie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte, 

Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft, 

Deutscher Seefischerei Verein, Berlin. 
Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, 

Friedrich-Wilhelms Universitat, Berlin. 
Geographische Gesellschaft, Munich. 
Gesellschaft fur Erdkunde, Berlin. 
Gesellschaft zur Beforderung der 

Gesamten Naturwissenschaften, 

Hamburgische Universitat. 
K. Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Berlin. 
K. Preussische Akademie der Wissen- 

schaften, Berlin. 
K. Universitats Bibliothek, Marburg. 
K. Universitats BibHothek, Munich. 
K. Zoologisches Museum, Berlin. 
Museum fiir Tierkunde und Volker- 
kunde, Dresden. 
Museum ftir Volkerkunde, Hamburg. 
Nassauischer Verein fiir Naturkunde, 

Naturhistorischer Verein der Preus- 

sischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, 



Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

Ashmolean Natural History Society, 

Birmingham Natural History and 
Philosophical Society. 

Brighton and Hove Natural History 
and Philosophical Society. 

Bristol Museum. 

British Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science. 

British Library of Political Science, 

British Museum, London. 

British Museum (Natural History), 

Cambridge Philosophical Society. 

Cardiff Naturalists' Society. 

Croydon Natural History Society. 

Dove Marine Laboratory, Cullercoats. 

Dumfreisshire and Galloway Natiu-al 
History and Antiquarian Society, 

Fisheries Board, Edinburgh. 

Geological Society, Edinburgh. 

Geological Society, Liverpool. 

Geological Survey England and Wales, 

Geological Survey of Scotland, Edin- 

Geologists' Association, London. 

Hill Museum, London. 

Hull Municipal Museum. 

Imperial Bureau of Entomology, Lon- 

Japan Society of London. 

Lancashire Sea Fisheries Laboratory, 

Leicester Museum, Art Gallery and 

Linnean Society, London. 

Liverpool Biological Society. 

London School of Economics and 
Political Science. 

478 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Manchester Literary and Philosoph- 
ical Society. 

Manchester Museum. 

Marine Biological Association, Ply- 

National Indian Association, London. 

National Library of Wales, Aberystwth, 

National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. 

Royal Anthropological Institute of 
Great Britain and Ireland, Lon- 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 

Royal Colonial Institute, London. 

Royal Geographical Society, London. 

Royal Horticultural Society, London. 

Royal Society, London. 

Royal Society of Arts, London. 

Royal Society of Edinburgh. 

School of Oriental Studies, London. 

South London Entomological and 
Natural History Society. 

Tolson Memorial Museum, Hudders- 

Tring Zoological Museum. 

University Museum, Oxford. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, London. 

Wellcome Research Laboratories, Lon- 

Zoological Society, London. 


Magyar Term^szettudomanyi Tdrsu- 

lat, Budapest. 
Mus^e National Hongrois, Budapest. 


Anthropological Society, Bombay. 

Archaeological Survey, Allahabad. 

Archaeological Survey, Burma, Ran- 

Archaeological Survey, Calcutta. 

Archaeological Survey, Madras. 

Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

Bihar and Orissa Research Society, 

Bombay Natural History Society. 

Botanical Survey, Calcutta. 

Department of Agriculture, Madras. 

Department of Agriculture, Poona. 

Department of Agriculture, Pusa. 

Geological Survey, Calcutta. 

Government Cinchona Plantations, 

Government Museum, Madras. 

Government of India, Calcutta. 

Hyderabad Archaeological Society. 

Indian Museum, Calcutta. 

Journal of Indian Botany, Madras. 

Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 

University of Calcutta. 

Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 


Belfast Naturalists' Field Club. 
Department of Agriculture, Scientific 

Investigations, Dublin. 
Royal Dublin Society. 
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. 

Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Natu- 

rali, Catania. 
Istituto Geografico de Agostini, No- 

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, 

R. Accademia delle Scienze, Naples. 
R. Accademia delle Scienze di Torino. 
R. Accademia Nazionale del Lincei, 

R. Orto Botanico Giardino Coloniale, 

R. Scuola Superiore di Agricoltura, 

R. Soceiti Geografica Italiana, Rome. 
Society dei NaturaHsti, Naples. 
Society di Scienze Naturali ed Eco- 

nomiche, Florence. 
Society Geologica Italiana, Rome. 
Society Italiana de Scienze Naturali, 

Society Romana di Antropologia, 



Anthropological Society of Tokyo. 
Government General of Chosen. 
Government Research Institute, Tai- 

hoku, Formosa. 
Imperial Geological Society, Tokyo. 
Ornithological Society, Tokyo. 
Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai. 
Tokyo Botanical Society. 


Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kun- 

sten en Wetenschappen, Batavia. 
Department of Agriculture, Buiten- 

Encyclopaedisch Bureau, Weltevre- 

Jardin Botanique, Weltevreden. 
Java Instituut, Weltevreden. 
K. Natuurkundige Vereeniging in 

Nederlandsch-Indie, Weltevreden. 


Instituto Geologico de Mexico. 
Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, His- 

toria y Etnografia, Mexico. 
Secretaria de Agricultura y Pomento, 

Direccion de Antropologia, Mexico. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report op the Director 


Secretaria de Educacion Publica, 

Sociedad Cientifica "Antonio Alzate," 

Sociedad de Geografia y Estadistica, 

Sociedad Geol6gica Mexicana, Mexico. 


Bataaf sch Genootschap der Proefonder- 
vindelijks Wijsbegeerte, Rotterdam. 

K. Akademie van Wetenschappen, 

K. Instituut voor de Taal-Land-en 
Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch In- 
die, Hague. 

K. Nederlandsch Aardijkskundig Ge- 
nootschap, Amsterdam. 

Museum voor Land-en Volkenkunde 
en Maritiem Museum "Prins Hen- 
drik," Rotterdam. 

Nederlandsche Phytopathologische 
Vereeniging, Wageningen. 

Nederlandsche Vogelkundigen Club, 

Rijks Ethnographisch Museum, Lei- 

Rijks Herbarium, Leiden. 

Rijks Hoogere Land-Tuin-en Bosch- 
bouwschool, Wageningen. 

Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke His- 
toric, Leiden. 

Rijks Universiteit, Leiden. 

Universiteit van Amsterdam. 


Auckland Institute and Museum, Wel- 

Canterbury Museum, Christchurch. 

Department of Agriculture, Welling- 

Department of Mines, Wellington. 

Dominion Museum, Wellington. 

Geological Survey, Wellington. 

New Zealand Board of Science and 
Art, Wellington. 


Bergen Museum. 

Norsk Geologisk Forening, Kristiania. 
Norges Geologiske Unders0kolse, Kris- 
Physiographiske Forening, Kristiania. 
Tromso Museum. 
Zoologiske Museum, Kristiania. 


Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Minas, Lima. 
Instituto Historico del Peru, Lima. 
Revista del Archive Nacional, Lima. 


Academic Polonaise des Sciences et 
des Arts, Cracovie. 

Musei Polonici Historiae Naturales, 

Society Botanique de Pologne, War- 


Agencia Geral das Colonias, Lisbon. 

Biblioteca Nacional, Lisbon. 

Inspecgao das Bibliotecas Arquivos, 

Universidade de Lisboa. 

Universite de Jassy. 

Acad^mie Imperiale des Sciences, Len- 

Botanical Garden, Leningrad. 

Soci^te des Naturalistes, Leningrad. 


Institucid Catalana d'Historia Natu- 
ral, Barcelona. 

Junta de Ciencias Naturals, Barcelona. 

Junta para Amplicaci6n de Estudios e 
Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid. 

R. Academia de Ciencias Exactas, 
Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid. 

R. Academia de Ciencias y Arte, Bar- 

Sociedad Espanola de Historia Natu- 
ral, Madrid. 


Goteborgs Botaniska Tradgard. 

K. Biblioteket, Stockholm. 

K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, 

K. Vitterhets Historic och Antikvitets 
Akademien, Stockholm. 

Lunds Universitet. 

Sveriges Offentliga Bibhotek, Stock- 

Svenska Sallskapet for Antropologi 
och Geografi, Stockholm. 

Universitet, Biblioteket, Upsala. 


Botanischer Garten, Bern. 

Botanisches Museum, Zurich. 

Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, 

Musses d'Histoire Naturelle, Lau- 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Basel. 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zurich. 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel. 

Societe Botanique, Geneva. 

Society de Physique et d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Geneva. 

480 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Soci6t^ Hclvetique des Sciences Natu- 

relles, Bern. 
Soci^t^ Neuchateloise de G^graphie, 

Soci^t^ Zoologique, Geneva. 


Museo Nacional, Montevideo. 


Cultura Venezolana, Caracas. 


Academia Nacional de Artes y Letras, 

Agricultural Experiment Station, Porto 

Bi' '  I Nacional. Havana. 

Di nt of Agriculture, Bridge- 


Department of Agriculture, Kingston. 

Insular Experiment Station, Rio Pie- 

Lice> se Costa Rica, San Jos^. 

Trinidad and Tobago Department of 
Agriculture, Port of Spain. 

Universidad de Habana. 

Bctim Paes Lcmc, Alberto, Rio de 

Janeiro (gift). 
Chodat. R.. Geneva. 
DarmstaofUrr, Ernst, Munich. 
I ' ' Pari.-?. 

1 r . , Paris. 

Dunod, H.. Paris. 
V- '■ - 't, Egon v., Vienna ^gift). 
i .. John C. Peking (gift). 

( C. \V. K.. Lund. 

i 1, Sidney E., Gloucester. 

Hawkin.*;. Pliny H., Abvu-okee (gift). 
HfTHfic, Carlos, Goyar (gift). 
Hrrrera, Moises, Mexico. 
Hu.u-d. V. A., Quebec. 
Kuinmel, (Hto, Berlin (gift). 
Lawson, Alexander, West Kensington 

I>ehm.-inn-Nitsche, Robert, La Plata. 
Ix^m, Nicolas, Mexico. 
Mcnegaux, A., Paris. 
Mertens, Robert. Frankfurt a. M. 
Mil<Sant, Mme. L<5on de, Nice (gift). 
Monaco, Attilo, Rome (gift). 
Nash. Charles M. " ft). 

Neprud, Cat], Man 
Norden.^ikiold, Erland, Gotebirg. 
Outes, Felix F., Buenos Aires. 
Perkins, Janet, Geneva (gift). 
Porter, Carlos E., S de Chile. 

Rahir, M. E., Bru> t). 

Riechmann and Company, Halle. 
Rivet, P., Paris. 

Ruiz, Mariano N., Comitan Chiapas 

vSchlaginhaufen. Otto, Zurich. 
Schmidt, W., Vienna. 
Smith, Harlan I., Ottawa. 
Vignati, Milciades Alyo, Buenos Aires. 


Anthropological Society, Montgomery. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Board of Fish and Game Commission- 
ers, Sacramento. 

California .Academy of Sciences, San 

Cooper Ornithological Club, Holly- 

Department of .'\griculture, Sacra- 

Natural History Museum, San Diego. 

Pomona College. Claremont. 

.<^ • ;y of N. • ' yiistory. 

^ ion of ; .il Re- 

search, La Jolla. 

Southern California Academy of Sci- 
ences. Los Angeles. 

F • " , Los Angelee. 

State .Mining Bureau, Sacramento. 
University of California, Berkeley. 


Bureau of Mines, Denver. 

Cnl.rtado College, Colorado Springs. 

Colorado Mu.seum of Natural History, 

State Historical and Natural History 

Society, Denver. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, New 

Cnr- • * of Arts and 

S n. 

Hartford Public Library. 
Osbom Botanical Laboratory, New 

State Board of Fisheries and Game, 

State G' I and Natural History 

Survt;. . . ...: ilord. 

Stnrrs .Agricultural E^xperiment Station. 
Yale University, New Haven. 


Sute Geological Survey, Tallahassee. 


Geological Survey, Atlanta. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report op the Director 



Agricultural Experiment Station, 
• u. 

Be: .. . . -uahi Bishop Museum, Hono- 

Board of Commissioners of Agriculture 
and Forestry, Honolulu. 

Hawaiian Entomological Society, 

Hawaiian Volcano Observatoxy, Hono- 

Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, 
! 'u. 

Ul. -: , <'f Hawaii, Honolulu. 


Mining In<lustry, Boise- 
State Historical Society of Idaho, 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Art 1 1 igo. 

Al!'"' -t'O. 

At Island. 

B»^: ul ; 

C'hic.tK' ' I ' 

Chica^;o 1 

Division i; ....; *^'irve>', 

Foref? Urtjana. 

GeogT.. ;y, t"hicap»^ 'pft). 

Hardwi*j«i KcktI. ("}.k.. 
Izaak W;ilt'>n Ix-aj^uc . .. erica, 

(.'hKa^;^  '>.•lit^ 
I( '  ' " . -ago. 

N' ..:••■ 



'cm L ! . Mv'itnst'in. 

art I'u ^ ConJtMUjy, 

St " ringfiekL 

St , Sfirinc* 

State '"■• T'rf.:,fYj« 


Su.t- \,. 

Um... /. . 

Umvcnaly uf iUinuts, Ut 


Academy of Scii-nc-e. .s. 

Department of Coobci <.>.iv^., ii.dian- 

Induinii r " " .;tin. 

John Hei: , iiiduinap- 


Legislative Reference Bureau, Indian- 

Pv ,, I^tfayctte. 

t': .re Doiue. 


Academy of Science, Des Moines. 

Historical, Memorial and Art Depart- 
ment, Des Moines. 

Iowa Geological Survey, Des Moines. 

Iowa Horticultural Society, Des 

! lie, .^mes. 

L- : - ., - - '.va, Iowa City. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

State B<H'ir 3 of Agriculture, Topeka. 
State G< , Sur\'ey, LawTence. 

S- • " . S-K-iety, To{>eka- 

I : K-i:. »ts, LawTence. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

I>n:i'ville. Geijlogical Survey, Frank- 

Agr: ■■'• - ii Experiment Station, 
B.. ige. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

i • , Brun.«»-ick. 

1 " •  .. 

i .tural Histoty. 


Ag.'icultnrn! Experiment Station, 





Agricultural Experiment Station. 

American Academy of Arts and Sci* 

cnct*. Boston. 
.V' -'• !i Antiquarian Society, Wor- 

1 ' !ic Library. 

1 '!<irf . Museum of Coid> 


i. ..;.... ., Arnold Arbore- 

tum, : in. 

ILir\ ar : L :.: . . 7 .: , , Gray Herbarium, 
C a-.'n !.•'• 

.Mu-cii: Iloston. 

N- ^ '^ v^ rory. 


1 . Cambridge. 

l\...- l-'i.. , .Salem. 

482 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Phillips Academy, Andover. 
Salem Public Library. 
Smith College, Northampton. 
Springfield City Library Association. 
Williams College, Williamstown. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Agricultural College. 

Department of Conservation, Geo- 
logical Survey Division, Lansing. 

Detroit Institute of Art. 

Grand Rapids Public Library. 

Michigan Academy of Science, Ann 

Michigan College of Mines, Houghton. 

Michigan State Library, Lansing. 

State Board of Agriculture, Lansing. 

State Board of Library Commissions, 

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

University Farm. 
Minneapolis Institute of Arts. 
Minnesota Historical Society, Saint 

Saint Paul Institute. 
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. 


Agricultural Experim ent Station, 

Agricultural College. 
Mississippi State Geological Survey, 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Bureau of Geology and Mines, RoUa. 
City Art Museum, Saint Louis. 
Missouri Botanic Garden, Saint Louis. 
Missouri Historical Society, Columbia. 
Saint Louis Public Library. 
Saint Louis University. 
University of Missouri School of Mines, 

Washington University, Saint Louis. 


University of Nebraska, Lincoln. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Department of Conservation and 

Development, Trenton. 
Newark Museums Association. 
Princeton University. 


Historical Society, Santa Fe. 
New Mexico Museum, Santa Fe. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

American Academy in Rome, New 

American Geographical Society, New 

American Association of Museums, 

New York (gift). 
American Museum of Natural History, 

New York. 
Asia Publishing Company, New York. 
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sci- 
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences. 
Columbia University, New York. 
Cooper Union for the Advancement of 

Science and Art, New York. 
Cornell University, Ithaca. 
Forest and Stream Publishing Compa- 
ny, New York. 
Garden Club of America, New York. 
Inter-American Magazine, New York. 
Japan Society, New York. 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 

Museum of the American Indian, New 

New York Academy of Sciences, 

New York. 
New York Botanical Garden, New 

New York Historical Society, New 

Pratt Institute, New York. 
Public Library, New York. 
Rockefeller Foundation, New York. 
State College of Forestry, Syracuse. 
State Library, Albany. 
State Museum, Albany. 
Staten Island Institute of Arts and 

Sciences, New York. 
Stone Publishing Company, New York. 
University of the State of New York, 

Vassar College, Poughkeepsie. 
Zoological Society, New York. 


Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, 
Chapel Hill. 


Biological Station, University Station. 
Geological Survey, University Station. 
Historical Society, Grand Forks. 
University ofNorthDakota,University. 




Taxidermy by Mr. Ashley Iline. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 



Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Cincinnati Museum Association. 
Cincinnati Society of Natural History. 
Cleveland Museum of Art. 
Cleveland Public Library. 
Denison University, Granville. 
Geological Survey, Columbus. 
Ohio Academy of Science, Columbus. 
State Archaeological and Historical 

Society, Columbus. 
State University, Columbus. 
University of Cincinnati. 
Wilson Ornithological Club, Oberlin. 


Oklahoma Academy of Science, 

University of Oklahoma, Norman. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

University of Oregon, Eugene. 


Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 

American Philosophical Society, Phil- 

Bryn Mawr College. 

Bureau of Topographical and Geolog- 
ical Survey, Harrisburg. 

Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh. 

Dropsie College, Philadelphia. 

Engineers' Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania, Pittsburgh. 

Fish Culturists' Association, Phila- 

Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. 

Lehigh University, Bethlehem. 

Pennsylvania Museum and School of 
Industrial Art, Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. 

Philadelphia Commercial Museum. 

Sullivant Moss Society, Pittsburgh. 

Tioga Point Museum, Athens. 

University of Pennsylvania, Phila- 

University of Pennsylvania, Museum, 

Wagner Free Institute of Science, 

Bureau of Education, Manila. 
Department of Agriculture, Manila. 
Department of Agriculture and 

Natural Resources, Manila. 
Department of Interior, Bureau of 

Science, Manila. 

Charleston Museum. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Geological and Natural History Sur- 
vey, Vermilion. 


Department of Education, Division of 
Geology, Nashville. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

College Station. 
Scientific Society, San Antonio. 
University of Texas, Austin. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

State Geological Survey, Burlington. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

State Forester, Charlottesville. 

State Library, Richmond. 

University of Virginia, Charlottesville. 

Virginia Geological Survey, Charlottes- 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Department of Conservation and 
Development, Division of Geology, 

Mountaineers, Seattle. 

Pacific Northwest Bird and Mammal 
Society, Seattle. 

Puget Sound Biological Station, 

Washington University, Seattle. 

Washington University, Historical So- 
ciety, Seattle. 


American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science (gift). 

American Mining Congress. 

Association for the Study of Negro 
Life and History. 

Bahdi Library Committee. 

Carnegie Endowment for Interna- 
tional Peace (gift). 

Carnegie Institution of Washington 

Daily Science News Bulletin. 

Library of Congress. 

National Academy of Science. 

484 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol, VL 

National Association of Audubon So- 
National Parks Bulletin. 
National Research Council. 
Pan American Union. 
Smithsonian Institution. 
United States Government. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

State Department of Agriculture, 

West Virginia University, Morgan- 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Beloit College. 

Geological and Natural History Sur- 
vey, Madison. 

Public Museum of Milwaukee. 

State Horticultural Society, Madison. 

University of Wisconsin, Madison. 

Wisconsin Archaeological Society, 

AUeman, Gellert, Swarthmore (gift). 
Ames, Oakes, Boston. 
Ayer, Edward E., Chicago (gift). 
Bailey, L. H., Ithaca. 
Barnes, R. Magoon, Lacon (gift). 
Burket, Walter C, (gift). 
Chalmers, William J., Chicago (gift). 
Cockerell, T. D. A., Boulder. 
Cook, Melville T., Porto Rico. 
Darlington, H. T., East Lansing. 
Davies, D. C, Chicago (gift). 
Deane, Ruthven, Chicago (gift). 
Eckstrom, Mrs. Fanny, Brewer (gift). 
Evans, Alexander W., New Haven. 
Farwell, Oliver A., Detroit. 
Ferry, Mrs. A., Chicago (gift). 

Field, Stanley, Chicago (gift). 
Gerhard, W. J., Chicago (gift). 
Godby, A. H., Carrsville (gift). 
Gore, Willard C, Chicago (gift). 
Harper, Roland M., University (gift). 
Hellmayr, C. E., Chicago (gift). 
Husband, Rachel, Lawrence (gift). 
Jeangon, Jean Allard, Denver. 
Laufer, Berthold, Chicago (gift). 
Lewis, A. B., Chicago (gift). 
Ligare, A. G., Glencoe. 
Lindsey, A. W., Granville (gift). 
Linton, Ralph, Chicago (gift). 
McBride, J. Francis, Chicago (gift). 
Mason, J. Alden, New York (gift). 
Miller, Robert B., Urbana (gift). 
Mills, William C, Columbus. 
Millspaugh, Mrs. C. F., Chicago (gift). 
Morse, Edward S., Salem. 
Osbom, Henr}'- F., New York. 
Osgood, Wilfred H., Chicago (gift). 
Pearson, T. Gilbert, New York (gift). 
Pittier, H., Washington. 
Price, Ira M., Chicago (gift). 
Record, Samuel J., New Haven (gift). 
Reed, H. D., Ithaca. 
Richmond, Charles W., Washington 

Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago (gift). 
Robinson, B. L., Cambridge. 
Roewode, K., New York (gift). 
Rogers, A. F., Stanford (gift). 
Safford, W. E., Washington (gift). 
Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago (gift). 
Sherff, Earl E., Chicago (gift). 
Standley, Paul C, Washington (gift). 
Starr, Frederick, Seattle. 
Sternberg, Charles M., Oakley (gift). 
Tozzer, Alfred M., Cambridge. 
Viosca, Percy Jr., New Orleans (gift). 
Walcott, Robert H., Lincoln (gift). 
Waterman, T. T., Fresno (gift). 
Wheeler, H. E., Chicago (gift). 
Zimmer, John T., Chicago (gift). 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 485 




William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State. 
To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the i6th day of September, a. d. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July i, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen. Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this i6th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State : 


We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1-872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof ; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to-wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

486 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 
Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William. E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois 

Cook County 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September. 1893. 

[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Persuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the 
Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution at a meeting of the corporate members held the 
loth day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois, 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 487 


Januaky 1926 



Section i. Members shall be of eleven classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Benefactors, Fellows, Life Members, Non-Resident Life 
Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident Associate Life Members, Sustaining 
Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of twenty dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or Hon- 
orary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said Corporate 
Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Commitee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent service 
to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Any person contributing the sum of Five Thousand Dollars 
($5,000.00) in cash or securities to the funds of the Museum, may be elected 
a Fellow of the Aluseum, who after being so elected shall have the right in 
perpetuity to appoint the successor in said Fellowship. 

Section 7. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum 
that are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum 
of one hundred dollars ($100.00), at any one time, shall upon the unanimous 
vote of the Board, become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be 

488 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

entitled to : tickets admitting member and members of family, including non- 
resident home guests; all publications of the Museum, if so desired; reserved 
seats for all lectures and entertainments under the auspices of the Museum, pro- 
vided reservation is requested in advance; and admission of holder of membership 
and accompanying party to all special exhibits and Museum functions day or 
evening. Any person residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, pay- 
ing into the treasury the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, upon 
the unanimous vote of the Board, become a Non-Resident Associate Life Member. 
Non-Resident Associate Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to Associ- 
ate Members. 

Section 9. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the member and family to Museum on any day and allows 25 admission coupons, 
which may be used by any one, the Annual Report and such other Museum 
documents or publications as may be requested in writing. When a Sustaining 
Member has paid the annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such member shall be 
entitled to become an Associate Member. 

Section 10. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of ten dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the member 
to a card of admission for the member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every Museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co- 
operative interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including tickets 
for any lectures given under the auspices of any of the Museums during a visit 
to the cities in which the cooperative museums are located. 

Section 11. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of 
Trustees may order. 


BO.ARD OF trustees 

Section i. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of each month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 489 



Section i. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, those Trustees who by reason of inability, on account of 
change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer 
in such capacity shall resign their place upon the Board, may be elected, by a 
majority of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary 
Trustee for life. Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings 
of the Board of Trustees, whether regular or special, and will be expected to be 
present at all such meetings and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an 
Honorary Trustee shall not have the right to vote. 



Section i. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secre- 
tary and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, 
a majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members 
of the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section i. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpor- 
aton except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to 
the joint order of the following officers, namely The President or one of the 
Vice-Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the 
Finance Committee of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund. 
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director 

490 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director, 
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the 
absence or inabihty of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice- 
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 



Section i. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its 
Committees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication be- 
tween the Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology and Zoology; each under the charge of a 
Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Curators shall be ap- 
pointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall 
serve during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the 
scientific departments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon 
the recommendation of the Curators of the respective Departments. The 
Director shall have authority to employ and remove all other employees of the 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing 
the work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in 
pamphlet form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free 
distribution in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section i. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, set- 
ting forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times 
as may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all 
bills rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 


Section i. There shall be five Committees, as follows : Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of five members, the 
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the 
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four 
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and 
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali- 
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate 
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are 
named in the respective Committee ; the first member named shall be Chair- 
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice- 
chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 













































r mnm 

Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 491 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regularly elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 
to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the 
Board, the expenditures as stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section id. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section ii. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

nominating committee 

Section i. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Commit- 
tee, the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted 
at the ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual 
Meeting in January. 

494 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 


Armour, Allison V. 
Ayer, Edward E. 

Blair, Watson F. 
Borden, John 
Butler, Edward B. 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chalmers, W. J. 
Chatpield-Taylor, H. C. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Crane, Richard T., Jr. 
Cummings, Mrs. Robert F. 

Davies, D. C. 
Day, Lee Garnett 

Eastman, Sidney C. 

Field, Marshall III 
Field, Stanley 

Gage, Lyman J. 
Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 

Jones, Arthur B. 

Keep, Chauncey 
Kelley, William V. 
Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
KuNZ, George F. 

McCormick, Cyrus H. 
Markham, Charles H. 
Mitchell, John J. 

Payne, John Barton 
Porter, George F. 
Probst, Edward 

Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Col. Theodore 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Stone, Melville E. 
Strawn, Silas H, 

White, Howard J. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 

Aldis, Owen F. 

Deceased 1925 

Ellsworth, James W. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 



Abbott, Robert S. 
Alois, Arthur T. 
Alexander, William A. 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Ames, Knowlton L. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, J. Ogden 
Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 
Ayer, Edward E. 

Babcock, Frederick R. 
Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Baker, Miss Isabelle 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D, 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bassford, Lowell C. 
Bendix, Vincent 
Billings, C. K. G. 
Billings, Dr. Frank 
Blackstone, Mrs. T. B. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Henry A. 
Blair, Watson F. 
Block, L. E. 
Block, Philip D. 
Blythe, Hugh 
Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, William L. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
BuPFiNGTON, Eugene J. 
Burnham, John 
Butler, Edward B. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Byram, Harry E. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Benjamin 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carry, Edward F. 
Carton, L. A. 
Chalmers, William J, 
Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 

Clark, Eugene B. 
Clay, John 
Clow, William E. 
Conover, H. Boardman 
Copley, Col. Ira Cliff, 

(N. R.) 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cramer, E. W. 
Cramer, Mrs. Katharine S. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crane, Richard T., Jr. 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crowell, H. p. 
CuDAHY, Edward A., Sr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
CuMMiNGS, D. Mark 
Cunningham, Frank S. 
CuTTEN, Arthur W. 

Dau, J. J. 

Dawes, Charles G. 
Day, Albert M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Deering, Charles 
Defrees, Joseph H. 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert Blake 
DiERSSEN, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Reuben H. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Douglas, James H. 
Drake, John B. 
Drake, Tracy C. 

Eckhart, B. a. 
Edmunds, Philip S, 

Fair, Robert M. 
Farnum, Henry W. 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Far WELL, Francis C. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Felt, Dorr E. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Ferguson, Louis A. 
Ferry, Mrs. Abby Farwell 
Field, Joseph Nash II 

496 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Field, Marshall III 
Field, Mrs. Sara Carroll 
Field, Stanley 
FiNLEY, William H. 
Fleming, John C. 
Forgan, David R. 
Forsyth, Robert 
Fyffe, Colin C. H. 

Gartz, a. F. 
Gary, Mrs. .John W. 
Getz, George F. 
Glessner, John J. 
Goddard, Leroy a. 
Goodman, William O. 
Goodrich, A. W. 
GowiNG, J. Parker 
Graham, Ernest R. 
Griscom, Clement A. 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Haskell, Frederick T. 
Hastings, Samuel M. 
Heyworth, James 0. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hill, Louis W. 
HiNDE, Thomas W, 
HipPACH, Louis A. 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hughitt, Marvin 

Insull, Samuel 
INSULL, Samuel, Jr. 

Jelke, John F. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth 

Jones, Arthur B. 
Jones, Thomas D. 

Keep, Chauncey 
Keller, Theodore C. 
Kelley, Mrs. Daphne 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelley, William V. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, Francis 

King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 
Kittle, CM. 

Knickerbocker, Charles K. 
kuppenheimer, louis b. 

Lamont, Robert P. 
Landon, Mrs. Jessie 

Spalding (N. R.) 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Linn, W. R. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lord, John B. 
Lowden, Frank O. 
Lytton, Henry C. 

Mac Dowell, Charles H. 
Mac Veagh, Franklin 
Mark, Clayton 
Markham, Charles H. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Martin, William P., Sr. 
Mason, William S. 
McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCoRMiCK, Mrs. Edith 

McCormick, Harold F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McElwee, Robert H. 
McInnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McKinlock, George A. 
McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLaughlin, George D. 
McLennan, D. R. 
McLennan, Hugh 

Mc Williams, LaFayette 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Miner, W. H. 
Mitchell, J. J. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H., Jr. 
Morton, Joy 
Morton, Mark 
MuNROE, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J., Sr. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

Oakley, Horace S. 
O'Brien, John J. 
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 


Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Ore, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patten, Mrs. James A. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payne, John Barton 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Augustus S. 
Perkins, Herbert F. 
Pick, Albert 
Pierce, Charles I. 
PiEZ, Charles 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Frank W. 
Porter, George F. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 
Porter, H. H. 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Rea, Mrs. Robert L. 
Revell, Alexander H. 
Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
RoBSON, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Rosenwald, Julius 


Runnells, John S. 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Carrie H. 
Ryerson, Edward L. 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

ScHWEPPE, Charles H. 
Scott, Frank H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Scott, John W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shedd, John G. 
Simpson, James 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 

SoPER, James P. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spaulding, Mrs. Howard 

H., Jr. 
Spoor, John A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Stearns, Charles B., Sr. 
Stevens, Charles A. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Storey, W. B. 
Stout, Frank D. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Robert 
Studebaker, Clement, Jr. 
Sturges, George 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, Edward F. 
Swift, G. F., Jr. 
Swift, Harold H. 
Swift, Louis F. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Trinz, Joseph 

UiHLEiN, Edgar J. 

Valentine, Louis L. 
Van Vetchten, Ralph 
Veatch, G. L. 
ViLBS, Lawrence M. 

Wacker, Charles H. 
Warner, Ezra Joseph 
Weber, David 
Welling, John P. 
Wetmore, Frank O. 
Wheeler, Charles P. 
White, F. Edson 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
WiCKWiRE, Mrs. 

Edward L. 
WiEBOLDT, William A. 
Willard, Alonzo J. 
WiLLiTS, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P., Jr. 
Wilson, Oliver T. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wilson, Walter H. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
WooLLEY, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 

Yates, David M. 

496 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VI. 

Field, Marshall III 
Field, Mrs. Sara Carroll 
Field, Stanley 
Fi.nley, William H. 
Fleming, John C. 
FoRGAN, David R. 
Forsyth, Robert 
Fyffe, Colin C. H. 

Gartz, a. F. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Getz, George V. 
Gle.ssnek, John J. 


Goodman, William O. 
Goodrich. A. W. 
Gowing, J. Parker 
Graham. Ernest R. 
Griscom, Cle.ment a. 


Ham ILL, p] UN EST A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Haskell. Frederick T. 
Hastin<;s, Samuel M. 
Heyworth, Jamfvs O. 
Hibhard. Frank 
Hill. Lons W. 
Hinde. Thomas W. 
HiPPArH, Louis A. 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
HoYT. N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hughitt, Marvin 

Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jelke, John F. 
Jelke. John F.. Jr. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth 

Jones, Arthur B. 
Jones, Thomas D. 

Keep, Chauncey 
Keller, Theodore C. 
Kelley, Mrs. Daphne 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelley, William V. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, Francis 

King, James G. 

Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 

Kittle, C. M. 


Lamont, Robert P. 
Landon. Mrs. Jessie 

Spalding (N. R.; 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Linn, W. R. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lord, John B. 
LowT)EN, Frank O. 
Lytton. Henry C. 

Mac Dowell. Charles H. 
Mac Veagh. Franklin 
Mark, Clayton 
Markham, Charlf^s H. 
Mar.shall. Benjamin H. 
Martin. William P.. Sr. 
Mason. William S. 
McCoRMK K, Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Mrs. Edith 

McCormick, Harou) F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
MtElwee, Ror.ERT H. 
M( Innerney, Thomas H. 
McKim>ay, John 
McKiNLCK K, Geor(;e a. 


McLaucjhlin, George D. 
McLennan, D. R. 
McLennan, Hugh 


Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Miner, W. H. 
Mitchell. J. J. 
Moore. P^dward S. 
Morse. Charles H., Jr. 
Morton, Joy 
Morton, Mark 
MuNROE, Charles A. 

Newell. A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J., Sr. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

Oakley, Horace S. 
O'Brien, John J. 
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 

Jan., 1926 

Anmal Report of the Director 


Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Hon ore 
Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patten, Mrs. James A. 
Patterson, ' ' M. 

Payne, John . ...js 
Payson. George S. 
Pi -^ S. 

Pl. :.. , :: :,... F. 

Pick, Albert 
Pierce, Charles I. 
PiEZ, Charles 
Pike. Charles B. 
Pike, Ei (;kne R. 
PoppENHCsEN, Conrad H. 
Porter, Frank W. 
Porter. ' t 

Porter, u. ;.: h. 

Porter, H. H. 

Raw SON, Frederick H. 
Kavmusd, Mh.s vnna 

Rba. Mrs. I: ! 


REYNoia>s. «. .: 

Riley. Haki. 

Robinson, li... iiE \S . 

RoBsoN. MiKS Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Kathekine 

Rodman, Thomas Cufford 
r08enwald, juliis 
Runnells, Clue 
RiNNELLs, John S. 
Russell, Kdmund A. 
Rr--' • • Kdward p. 
R. . Mrs. Carrie H. 

Ri t t; N. Kdward L. 
R-iKK.suN, Martin A. 

Schwepi'e. Charles H. 
Scott, Frank H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Scott. John W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shedd, John G. 
Simpson, James 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith. Solomon A. 

SopER, James P. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spaulding, Mrs. Howard 

H, Jr. 
Spoor, John A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Stearns, Charles B., Sr. 
St Charles A. 

St^ .:. Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Storey, W. B. 
Stout, Frank D. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Robert 
Sti debaker, Cleme.nt, Jr. 
Sturges, George 
Sunny. B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift. Edward F. 
Swift. G. F., Jr. 
Swift, Harold H. 
Swift, Louis F. 

Thorne. Charles H. 
Thokne. Robert J. 
Trinz. Joseph 

t'lULEiN. Edgar J. 

Valentine. Louis L. 
Van N'etchten, Ralph 
Veatlh. G. L. 
ViUES, Lawrence M. 

W ACKER. Charles H. 
Warner. Ezra Jocieph 

Ws f)AVID 

\\ : . John P. 

Wetmore, Frank O. 
Wheeler, Charles P. 
White. F. Kdson 
Whitney. Mrs. Juua L. 
W E, Mrs. 

.:. L. 
Wieboldt. William A. 


Wiljjon, John P.. Jr. 
wil.son, (jluer t. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wilson. Walter H. 

V, <^. \RD B. 

\\i .. . E C. 

WooLLEY. Clarence M. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 

Yates, David M. 

498 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Deceased 1925 

Alois, Owen F. 
Bancroft, Edgar A. 
Barrell, Finley 
Becker, A. G. 
Bridge, Norman 
Deering, James 

Fernald, Gustavus S. 
Hollis, William D. 
HuLBURD, Charles H. 
Lawson, Victor F. 
Pam, Max 
Upham, Frederick 


Aaron, Charles 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abbott, W. R. 
Abrams, Duff A. 
Acomb, Jesse P. 
Adams, Joseph 
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie 
Addleman, Samuel W. 
Adler, Max 

Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Allbright, William B. 
Alschuler, Alfred S. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Andrews, Alfred B. 
Andrin, Miss Katherine L. 
Armbruster, C. a. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armour, Mrs. Philip D. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Frank H. 
Asher, Louis E. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
Austin, Henry W. 
Austrian, Alfred S. 

Babson, Fred K. 
Babson, Henry B. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baird, Wyllys W. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, L. K. 
Ballenberg, Adolph G. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, James M. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence D. 

Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Bauer, Alex 
Baum, Mervyn 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, Louis 
Beidler, Francis II 
Beil, Carl 
Bell, Lionel A. 
Bell, Robert W. 
Bender, Charles J. 
Bensinger, Benjamin E. 
Benson, John 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Cyrus 
BiCHL, Thomas A. 
Bidwell, Chas. W. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Elmer E. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Edward T. 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, N. H., Sr. 
Block, Emanuel J. 
Blome, Rudolph S. 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Boal, Ayres 
BoDMAN, Mrs. Luther 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Bolter, Joseph C. 


Boomer, Dr. Paul 
Booth, Alfred 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Born, Moses 
Bosch, Charles 




























< ir 

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LlI < u 

CO 5 tl 

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9. s ^ 

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(J CO 

U. D 

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Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Both, William C. 
BowEN, Mrs. Louise 

De Koven 
Bowes, Mrs. Frances W. 
Boyd, Thomas M. 
BoYDEN, Miss Ellen Webb 
BoYDEN, Miss Rosalie S. 
BoYDEN, Mrs. 

William C, Jr. 
BoYNTON, Mrs. C. T. 
BoYNTON, Frederick P. 
Bradley, J. Dorr 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Braun, Mrs. Martha E. 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brennan, Bernard G. 
Bridge, George S. 
Brigham, Miss Florence M. 
Brock, A. J. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Bross, Mrs. Mason 
Brown, A. W. 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Charles E. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Mrs. George Dewes 
Brown, Dr. Edward M. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
BuDD, Britton I. 
BuDLONG, Joseph J. 
Buffington, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Bullock, Carl C. 
Burley, Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. E. 
Burt, William G. 
Busby, Leonard A. 
Bush, David D. 
Bushnell, Charles E. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, Paul 
Butler, Rush C. 
Butz, Robert T. 
BuzzELL, Edgar A. 

Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cameron, John M. 
Campbell, Delwin M. 

Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, George S. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss 

Rosalie S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Edmund S. 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Case, Elmer G. 
Casey, Mrs. James J. 
Chapin, Henry Kent 
Chapin, Homer C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Cheever, Mrs. Arline V. 
Chisholm, George D. 
Chritton, George A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Dorothy S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
CoBURN, Mrs. Lewis L. 
Cody, Arthur B. 
Cohen, George B. 
CoLBURN, Frederick S. 
Coleman, Adelbert E. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W., Jr. 
Coleman, Wm. Ogden 
CoLiANNi, Paul V. 
CoLViN, Edwin M. 
CoLviN, Mrs. W. H., Sr. 
Combes, Mrs. Dora F. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cooke, George Anderson 
Cooke, Leslie L. 


CooNLEY, John Stuart 
CooNLEY, John Stuart, Jr. 
CooNLEY, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Corey, Chester 
Corley, F. D. 
CoRMACK, Charles V. 
CowDERY, Edward G. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 

500 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Cragg, George L. 
Crane, Charles R. II 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
CuDAHY, E. A., Jr. 
CuDAHY, Edward I. 
Cunningham, John T. 
CuRRAN, Harry R. 
Curtis, Augustus D. 
cushman, a. w. 

Dahlberg, Mrs. Bror G. 
Dashibll, C. R. 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce C. 
Davis, Abel 
Davis, Dr. Carl 
Davis, Fred M. 
Davis, James 
Davis, James C. 
Davis, Dr. Nathan III 
Day, Mrs. Mark L. 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
De Koven, Mrs. John 
De Lee, Dr. Joseph B. 
Dempster, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Dennehy, Thomas C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Deutsch, Joseph 
Deutsch, Samuel 
De Vries, David 
De Vries, Peter 
De Wolf, Wallace L. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dixon, George W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Dixon, William Warren 
DoBSON, George 
Doering, Otto C. 
Dole, Arthur, Sr. 
Donahue, William J. 
Donlon, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelley, Mrs. R. R. 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
DouD, Mrs. Levi B. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
DuLANY, George W., Jr. 
DuLSKY, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dunham, Miss Mary V. 
DuPEE, Mrs. F. Kennett 

Durand, Scott S. 
DuRBiN, Fletcher M. 

Eastman, Robert M. 
Eckstein, H. G., Sr. 
Eckstein, Louis 
Eddy, Mrs. Arthur J. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, William B. 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
EiGER, Oscar S. 


Elcock, Edward G. 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Ellsworth, Mrs. E. O. 
Elting, Philip L. F. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Engwall, J. F. 
Ericson, Melvin Burton 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert De Wolf 
EusTiCE, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, Evan A. 

Fabry, Herman 
Fader, A. L. 
Fahrney, Ezra C. 
Fahrney, E. H. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farr, Newton Camp 
Farrel, B. J. 
Faulkner, Miss 

Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, W. K. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Ferguson, Charles W. 
Fernald, Charles 
Fetzer, Wade 
FiLEK, August * 
Finn, Joseph M. 
Florsheim, Milton S. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Oscar G. 
FoRBSMAN, Mrs. W. Coates 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


FoRGAN, Robert D. 
Foster, Stephen A. 
Foster, Volney 
Foster, Mrs. William C. 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val. 
Freer, Archibald E. 
Frenier, a. B. 
Freund, Charles E. 
Freund, I. H. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedman, Oscar J. 
Fry, Henry T. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Fuller, Leroy W. 
FuRST, Edu.'^rd a. 

Graves, Howard B. 
Greene, Charles F. 
Greenlee, James A. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Howard G. 
Grey, Walter Clark 
Griffith, Enoch L. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gross, Mrs. Emily 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Gulbransen, Axel G. 
Gulick, John H. 
Gundlach, Ernest T. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 

Gabriel, Charles 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Vincent G. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Galvin, Wm. a. 
Gardner, Paul E. 
Gardner, Robert A. 
Garner, Harry J. 
Gary, Fred Elbert 
Gately, Ralph M. 
Gates, L. F. 
Gatzert, August 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbons, John W. 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Giles, Carl C. 
GiLLSON, Louis K. 
Gillman, Morris 
GiNTHER, Miss Minnie C. 
Glore, Charles F. 
GoEDKE, Chas. F. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Herbert E. 
Goodman, Mrs. 

Kenneth S. 
GooDROw, William 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Goodspeed, Mrs. W. F. 
Goss, Charles O. 
Gottfried, Carl M. 
gottschalk, gustav h. 
Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Granger, Alfred 

Haas, Maurice 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Haggard, John D. 
Haight, George I. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Charles H. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hammitt, Miss Frances M. 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Hanson, James L. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, George F. 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Hartwell, Fred G. 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Healy, Mrs. Marquette A. 
Heanby, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heberlein, Miss 

Amanda F. 
Hecht, F. a., Jr. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, Eugene H. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Helmer, Frank A, 
Henry, Otto 
Herrick, Walter D. 
Herron, James C. 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 

502 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Hess, Mrs. Charles 

Hettler, Herman H. 
Heyworth, Mrs. James O. 
HiBBARD, Mrs. W. G. 
HiGGiNS, John 


HiGLEY, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hillbrecht, Herbert E. 
HiNKLEY, James O. 
HiNSBERG, Stanley K. 
Histed, J. Roland 
HixoN, Robert 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Holden, Edward A. 
HoLLis, Henry L. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Frank K. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, John L. 
HoRAN, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William H. 
HoRTON, George T. 
Howard, Harold A. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howell, William 
HowsE, Richard 
Hudson, Mrs. H. Newton 
Hudson, William E. 
HuEY, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 
Hurley, Edward N., Sr. 
Hutchins, James C. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hynes, Rev. James A. 

ICKEs, Raymond 
Ilg, Robert A. 
IsHAM, Dr. George S. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, W. J. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Siegfried T. 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
James, William R. 
Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenks, William Shippen 

Jetzinger, David 
JiRKA, Dr. Frank J. 
JiRKA, Dr. Robert 
Johnson, Alfred 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Joseph F. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnstone, Dr. 

Mary M. S. 
Jones, Fred B. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 
Jones, G. Herbert 
Jones, Warren G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, David Gage 
Joyce, Joseph 
Juergens, H. Paul 
Jurgens, John C, 

Kahn, Louis 
Kaspar, Otto 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Keith, Stanley 
Kellogg, Mrs. M. G. 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kilbourne, L. B. 


Klinetop, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 
Kroehl, Howard 
Krohmer, William F. 
Krueger, Leopold A. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 

Lackowski, Frank E. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Langland, James 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauritzen, C. M. 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Lawson, a. J. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 
Lepens, Walter C. 
Legge, Alexander 
Lehmann, Miss 

Augusta E. 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Lewis, David R. 
Lewis, Fay J. 
LiNGLE, Bowman C. 
Littler, Harry E. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. Milton L. 
Lloyd, William Bross 
loewenthal, richard j. 
Logan, John L 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lovgren, Carl 
LowNiK, Dr. Felix J. 
Lucas, Mrs. Robert M. 
LucEY, Patrick J. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
LuFKiN, Wallace W. 
Lydon, Mrs. William A. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lyon, Charles H. 
Lyon, Frank R. 
Lyon, Mrs. Thomas R. 
Lytton, George 

Mac Leish, John E. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCluer, William B. 
McCoRD, Downer 
McCormick, Mrs. 

Cyrus, Jr. 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, L. Hamilton 
McCormick, Robert H., Jr. 
McCracken, Miss 


McDouGAL, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
MclLVAiNE, William B. 
McKay, James R. 
McKeever, Buel 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McLennan, Mrs. John A. 

McNuLTY, Joseph D 
Maass, J. Edward 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Magee, Henry W. 
Magnus, August C. 
Magwire, Mrs. Mary F. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Mandel, Mrs. Babette F. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Mrs. George 
Manierre, Louis 
Mann, John P. 
Mansure, Edmund L. 
Mariner, W. E, 
Mark, Anson 
Marks, Louis 
Mars, G. C. 

Martin, Horace Hawes 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. a. 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Mauran, Charles S. 
Mauritzen, H. a. 
May, Mrs. F. E. 
Merrill, Henry S. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Meyer, Abraham 
Meyer, Albert 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyer, Edwin F. 
Meyercord, G. R. 
Millard, Frank H. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, John S., Jr. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 
Miller, Walter F. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Miner, Herbert J. 
Mitchell, William H. 


Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
MoFFATT, Mrs. Elizabeth 
MoHR, Albert 
MOHR, Wm. J. 
MoLLOY, David J. 
Monroe, William S. 

504 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Moody, Mrs. William 

Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
MoRAND, Simon J. 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. Kendrick E. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. Charles E. 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
MouAT, Andrew 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Mudge, John B. 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Murphy, Walter P. 

Nason, Albert J. 
Neely, Miss Carrie Blair 
Nelson, Frank G. 
Nelson, Nils A. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Nichols, George P. 
Nichols, Mrs. George 

R., Jr. 
Noble, Orlando 
Noelle, Joseph B. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
NoYES, David A. 

Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberpelder, Walter S. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Callaghan, Edward 
Odell, William R. 
O'Donnell, Mrs. Rose 
O'Donnell, Simon 
Offield, James R. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Oliver, Fred S. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Gustaf 
Oppenheimer, Harry D. 
Oppenheimer, Julius 
O'RouRKE, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Arthur 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 

Otis, Miss Emily H. 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph E., Jr. 
Otis, Raymond 
Otis, R. C. 
Otis, Stuart H. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Paepcke, Mrs. 
Elizabeth J. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page-Wood, Gerald 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Patrick, Miss Catherine 
Patrick, Dr. Hugh T. 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Pbabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Peart, William 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perry, I. Newton 
Peterkin, Daniel 
Peters, Harry A. 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Petru, E. J. 
Phemister, Dr. D. B. 
Richer, Mrs. Oliver S. 
PiRiE, Mrs. John T. 
Platt, Henry Russell 
Pool, Marvin B. 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 
Poole, George A. 
Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 
Pope, Frank 
Pope, Herbert 


Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, James F. 
Post, Gordon W. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prussing, Mrs. George C. 
PusEY, Dr. William Allen 

QuiNLAN, Charles Shepard 

Radau, Hugo 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Handle, Hanson F. 
Rasmussen, George 
Reade, William A. 
Redington, Frank B. 
Reed, Kersey Coaxes 
Regnery, William H. 
Rehm, Frank A. 
Rehm, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Rice, Geo. L. 
Riddle, Herbert H. 
RiDGWAY, William 
Rigney, William T. 
Ripley, Robert H. 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roberts, Clark T. 
Roberts, John M. 
Robertson, William 
Robinson, Mrs. Milton 

E., Sr. 
RoBSON, Mrs. Sarah C. 
Roehling, C. E. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Rogers, Dr. Bernard F. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Roth, Aaron 


Rothschild, Maurice L. 
Rothschild, Melville N. 
RowE, Edgar C. 
RuBoviTS, Toby 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
RuTLEDGE, George E. 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 

Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sauter, Leonard J. 
ScHAPFNER, Mrs. Joseph 


SCHLAKE, William 
ScHMiTZ, Dr. Henry 
Schmutz, Mrs. Anna 


ScHULZE, William 

Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel J. 

ScHWARZ, Herbert E. 
Scott, Frank H. 
Seaman, George M. 
Seabury, Charles W. 
Seaver, a. E. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T, 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. G. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, J. T. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shambaugh, Dr. Geo. E. 
Shannon, Angus R. 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharp, William N. 
Shaw, Howard 
Sheehy, Edward 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Sheperd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sheridan, Albert D. 
Shockey, Mrs. Willis G. 
Shoup, a. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Shumway, P. R. 
Shutz, Albert E. 
SiGMAN, Leon 
Silverthorne, Geo. M. 
SiMONDS, Dr. James P. 
Simonek, Dr. B. K. 
Sincere, Benjamin 
Smith, Douglas 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Jesse E. 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Smulski, J. F. 
Snow, Edgar M. 
SoMMER, Adam 
Sonnenschein, Edward 
Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert 
Steffey, David R. 

5o6 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VL 

Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving F. 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Samuel M. 
Stein, William D. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, R. G. 
Stevenson, E. 
Stewart, Miss Agnes N. 
Stewart, Miss Eglantine 

Stewart, Miss M. Graeme 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Straus, David 
Straus, S. J. T. 
Strauss, Henry X. 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strickfaden, Miss 

Alma E. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 
Sturtevant, Henry D. 
Sullivan, Mrs. Roger C. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
SuTCLiFFE, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Swan, Oscar H. 
SwANSON, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
swartchild, william g. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 

Tarrant, Robert 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Thomas, Edward H. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thompson, David P. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thorne, George A. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Charles S. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Trainer, J. Milton 
Traylor, Melvin a. 

Tredwell, John 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
TuTTLE, Henry Emerson 
Tyler, Albert S. 
Tyler, Orson K. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uhlmann, Fred 

Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Deventer, 
Van Ness, Gardiner B. 
Van Schaick, Gerard 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehon, Morris 
Vierling, Louis 
VoLiCAS, Dr. John N. 
Voorhees, Condit 
VopiCKA, Charles J. 

Wagner, Dr. G. W. 
Waller, E. C. 
Waller, H. P. 
Waller, J. Alexander 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wanner, Mrs. Henry J. 
Ward, Mrs. A. Montgomery 
Ward, Edward J. E. 
Ware, Mrs. Lyman 
Warpield, Edwin A. 
Warren, J. Latham 
Warwick, W. E. 
Washburne, Clarke 
Wassell, Joseph, Sr. 
Waterman, Dr. Alonzo H. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Webb, George D. 
Weber, Bernard F. 
Weber, Frank C. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Weil, Isadore 
Weil, Martin 
Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 
Wentworth, Hunt 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Whealan, Emmett p. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 





































































































^Tv 0F iiumz 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Wheeler, Mrs. Robert W. . 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Robert 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
WiBORG, Frank B. 
WiLLEY, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Harry L. 
Williams, Lucian M. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winterbotham, John H. 


Francis M. 

Wolf, Henry M. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Woodruff, George 
Woodward, Charles H. 
WooLLEY, Charles F., Jr. 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Wrenn, Mrs. Everts 
Wrigley, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
YoNDORF, Milton S. 

Zork, David 

Chapin, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, Francis W. 
Kowalewski, Bruno F. 

Deceased 1925 

McDowell, Dr. 
William S. I. 
OcHSNER, Dr. a. J. 


Adamick, Gustav H. 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, William C. 
Aldrich, Paul I. 
Alexander, Walter 
Alling, Mrs. Van 

Almes, Dr. Herman E. 
Amidon, Alfred T. 
Anderson, O. Helge 
Andrews, Dr. Albert H. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Arnold, O. L. 
Artingstall, Sam G., Jr. 
Arvey, Jacob M. 
August, Charles 
Ayres, Harry M. 

Bach, Julius H. 
Bailey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Baker, Francis S. 
Ballard, Roger K. 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, Nelson L. 

Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart, Miss Gracia 

M. F. 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barry, Edward C. 
Bass, John F. 
Baumrucker, Charles F. 
Beckley, Walter L. 
Beebe, Marvin H. 
Behan, Louis J. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Berend, George F. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Bernstein, Fred 
Berryman, John B. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bird, George H. 
Blair, Samuel 
Blake, William J. 
Blount, Frederick M. 
Blumenthal, Oscar 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boedeker, George A. 
BoHN, Mrs. Bertha 

Bokum, Norris H. 

5o8 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Borland, Mrs. John J. 
bosley, m. e. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brons, William S. 
Brown, Charles A. 
Buehler, Carl 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Burweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burtch, Almon 
BuscH, Albert 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, John 
Byfield, Joseph 

Cahill, James B. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Camoron, Dr. Dan U. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Carbery, Norman A. 
Carey, Mrs. William P. 
Carleton, Stanley 
Carney, William Roy 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Casey, Jerome W. 
Casselberry, Mrs. 

William E. 
Chadwick, Charles H. 
Chancellor, Justus, Sr. 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Clark, Dr. J. Wendell 
Cohen, Benjamin 
CoHN, Milton M. 
Compton, Don. M. 
CoMPTON, Frank E. 
Connell, Phillip G. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Coombs, James F. 
Cowles, Thomas H. 
Coyle, Edwin L. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, George O. 
Cronwall, Edward C. 
Cunliff, Harold S. 
Cunningham, James D. 

Dalmar, Hugo 
Daniels, H. L. 
Danz, Charles A. 
Dardel, Carl O. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 

Davies, Warren T. 
Decker, Richard M. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Degan, David 
De Golyer, Robert S. 
Deiches, Sigmund 
Denk, William A. 
Dent, George C. 
De Windt, Heyliger A. 
Dickinson, J. M., Jr. 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dormand, W. L. 
Douglass, William A. 
DuGAN, Alphonso G. 
Duncan, Robert C. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dux, Joseph G. 
Dyche, William A. 

Eckhart, Carlos K. 
Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
EiTEL, Max 
Elting, Howard 
Ennis, Callistus S. 
Evans, Morgan R. 

Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Felton, Samuel M. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Ferguson, L. G. 
Ferguson, William H. 
Ferry, Frank E. 
Fisher, George P. 
Fisher, Harry M. 
Fisher, Walter L. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Frisbie, Chauncey O. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 
Fulton, Frank D. 
Fulton, James L. 
Furry, William S. 

Galhouse, Leonard 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gallagher, M. F. 
Gallie, Dr. Donald M., Sr. 
Gallistel, Albert J. 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardner, Addison L., Sr. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, James P. 
Gay, Dr. Robert J. 
Gerber, Jay J. 
Gersman, Harvey M. 
GiBBs, Dr. John Philip 
Gilbert, Charles E. 
Gilchrist, William A. 
Gilmer, James C. 
Gilmer, Dr. Thomas L. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glendon, George L. 
Glenn, Mrs. J. M. 
Glick, Harry 
Goldschmidt, a. 
GoLDSTiNE, Dr. Mark T. 
gooden, g. e. 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gorham, S. S. 
Gorman, George E. 
Goshert, J. Fred 
Gottfried, Miss 

Frances B. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graver, J. P. 
Gray, Rev. James N. 
Gray, John D. 
Green, J. B. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenebaum, James E. 
Greenlee, Mrs. Wm. 

Greensfelder, Dr. 

Louis A. 
Griffiths, George W. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs, 

William J. 
Grulee, Lowry K, 
Gustafson, John C. 

Haas, Dr. Raoul R. 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Halstead, Dr. Albert E. 
Hamilton, Thomas B. 
Hamm, Edward F. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hanson, Mrs. Burton 
Hardie, George F. 
Harrington, Burton 
Hart, Gilbert 
Hatmaker, Charles F. 

Hattstaedt, William O. J. 
Haugan, Oscar H. 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heermans, Thaddeus W. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Henderson, Dr. Elmer E. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henning, Dr. Albert F. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hewitt, Mrs. Charles M. 
Hielscher, Paul A. 
Higgins, John W. 
Hill, Mrs. Lysander 
Hill, Samuel B. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
HoGAN, Frank 
Hollingshead, L. Carroll 
Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, William N. 
Holzman, Alfred 
HoNSiK, Mrs. James M. 
Horner, Dr. David A, 
HoRNUNG, John C. 
HoRSTMAN, Edward F. 
HoRTON, Mrs. Emma B. 
HosBEiN, Louis H. 
HosMER, Philip B. 


HoYNE, Frank C. 
HoYT, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Hughes, John W. 
HuLBERT, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hume, John T. 
HuNCKE, Oswald W. 

Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Archer L. 
Jacobi, Harry 
Jaffe, Dr. Herman 
James, Edward P. 
Janows, Alexander 
Johnson, Albert M. 
Johnson, Arthur 
Johnson, Theodore H. 
Johnstone, Dr. A. 

Jones, J. Harry 
Jones, W. Clyde 

Kalacinski, Dr. Felix 

5IO Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VI. 

Karpen, Michael 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Keller, Daniel F. 
Kelly, D. F. 

Ke.ndall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kennedy, David E. 
King, Robert W. 
KiNSEY, Frank 
Kip, Frank C. 
Klee. Nathan 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Klier, Leo 
KoTH, Lotis G. 
Kochersperger, Mrs. S. M. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
KoHi^AAT. Edward C. 
K0.MISS. David S. 


Kraft, John H. 
Kratky, Dr. Alfred H. 
Kretskk. Abel B. 


Kritckoff. Charles 
Kl'ehlhorn, Arnold A. 

Ij^ Chance, Mr.«?. 

Leander H. 
La Forge, Dr. .Alvin W. 
Lanca.«;ter. Haroij) E. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lang, Edward J. 
Langston, Tony 
Lathrop, Gardiner 
Lawless. Benjamin M. 
Lawrence, W. J. 
Lawton, Frank W. 
Learned, Edwin J. 
Leight, Albert E. 
Lewis, Thomas Henry 


Linton, Benjamin B. 
LiPMAN, Robert R. 
LIPPMAN, Meyer W. 
Lloyd, Edward W. 
lockwood, w. s. 
LoEB. Leo A. 


LouER, Albert S. 
Lvddecke. Ralph R. 
Lynch, Willlam Joseph 

Mac Leish. Mrs. Andrew 
Mac Rae, Thaddeus B. 

McAuLEY, John E. 
McCarthy, Edward J., Jr. 
McCaughey, Frank J. 


McCoRMACK, Prof. Harry 
McCrea, W. S. 
McDivitt, Herbert J. 
McIlvaine. John H. 
McLntosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McIvER, Dana T. 
McNeal, Miss Helen F. 
McVoY, John M. 
Magill, Robert M. 
.Mant)el, Leon 
Markwell. Robert M. 
.Marriott. Abraham R. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Mathias. Lee D. 
Mayer. O.scar A. 
Meerhofk, Charles E. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Meyer. Joseph S. 
Meyer, Oscar 


Miller. John J. 
Mitchell, John J.. Jr. 
•Mitchell, Mrs. 

John J., Jr. 
Mohr, Edward 
MoHR, Miss Harriet 
•Monac.han. Thomas H. 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
MlRPHY, J. H. 
MiRPHY, John P. V. 

Nadler. Dr. Walter H. 
Nathan, Cijmde 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
NiCHous. S. F. 
Niemann. Fred W. 

Ofner, Dr. Oscar 
O'Neill, John P. 
Opat. Dr. L D. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Ott, John Nash 
Overton, George W. 

Paddleford, Fred Adams 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Ralph W. 
Parker, W oodruff J. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Parkinson, Robert H. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Pflalm, A. J. 
PHELhs, Mrs. W. L. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Piotrowski. Nkhoi^s L. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Plcnkett, William H. 
Post. Frederick, Jr. 
r ! . Mr.s. Ambrose V. 

i ;.:. . Jacob H. 
Prothero. Dr. James H. 
PcRCELL, Joseph D. 
PcTNAM, Miss Mabel C. 

Randall, Irvinc; 

,. ^.. ,, .. . . ,, j^ 

i  P. 

Rba. Dr. Albertine L. 
Rei . Mhh W. H. 

Rv ...;ner, TheoUuKS 

i. =.w, Charles C. 

Kn I s. Guy A. 

Ku h«  '^'nANCW 

Hies. I .1. 

RiNUER. K. W. 
,. .. t-   iKn H. 

!. KY S. 

KoEssLER, Carl C. 

]' THAI.. KiRT 

I iHAi., James 

Rl'lSCKHElM. F. W. 

Sanborn, E. W. 

;, Dr. Alvah L. 

' M\NN. Robt. G. 
Dr. Henry J. 
ScHLiTT. Herman J. 

StOTT, K. H. 
Scott, ' t L. 

Shatti*^ ^^. .. alter 
Sheldon, Jambs M. 
Shimmin, Robert P. 

^ i • I  V , 


, Mortimer H. 
-SKY, Dr. James W. 
.. Thomas 
Smith, Walter Bourne 


Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Eugene M. 

Taylor, Charles Cortland 
Thomason, S. Emory 
Thompson, C. E. 
Thompson, Charles F. 
Thre.sher, C. J. 
TiiJ)EN, Locis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
"" ' Tn. Charles E. 

i. A. W. 
Tcrner. Dr. B. S. 
Tuttle, F. B. 

I'lkich, Perry 

Walleruh, George W. 

'•• • K. Hempstead. Jr. 

V. . ... . .:.)S, Lacrenie W. 

Watson. Ouver L., Sr. 
Wa( I). Ernest P. 
Wavman. Charlus a. G. 
Weary. Au.en .M. 

LR. Dr Ralph W. 
v, , ,.i.i{. Walter A. 

\\ KIMliiKJU.H. CiKoRGE V. 

Uki.s, S W. 

\\ Ki.-vsKopK. Dr .Max A. 

\\ Ki i.Ks. Mrs. Edward 

NV^ ' Harry L. 
Preston A. 

\'. ! : ; K, John N. 

" v«- Theresa C. 

i. JoM.N E. 

Vs li r.issoN, John C. 
Williams, J. .M. 
WiLUAMsoN, George H. 
Willis. Thomas H. 
Wn>o\, .Morris Karl 
\>> iNUsoR, H. H., Jr. 
\\ ou . .Mrs. .\lbert H. 

\\ ul.1 . \S ALTER h. 

Wood, John G. 
Wood, Kay. Jr. 

Yonkers, Edward H. 


512 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Deceased 1925 

Barry, Thomas F. 
coverdale, john w. 
Emerson, Guy 

Gabriel, Harry F. 
Hall, William L. 
Potter, Edgar A. 

Ritter, Miss Paula J. 


Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Edwin H. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abrahamson, Henry M. 
Abrahamson, John 
Abrams, Hyman B. 
Abt, Hugo A. F. 
Abt, Dr. Isaac A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Ackert, Charles H. 
Adair, Andrew B. 
Adams, Albert S. 
Adams, Charles B. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Jr. 
Adams, David 
Adams, Samuel P. 
Adelman, Sam 
Adler, Dr. Herman M. 
Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Ahnfelt, John 
Albers, Dr. Edgar H. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldrich, Frederick C. 
Aldrich, H. Phineas 
Alexander, Franklin E. 
Allais, Arthur L. 
Allen, Dr. A. V. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, Augustus C. 
Allen, Harry W. 
Allen, John D. 
Alsberg, Lewis 
Alschuler, Samuel 
Altman, Robert M. 
Alton, Mrs. Jessie B. 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. Adele 
Anderson, Benjamin N. 
Anderson, Bennie G. 
Anderson, John E. 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Dr. Benj. F. 
Andrews, W. G. 
Anthony, Charles E. 

Antonow, Samuel L. 
Arens, Dr. Robert A. 
Armstrong, Edward E. 
Arnold, Francis M. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ascher, Nathan 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Jr. 
ashcraft, r. m. 
Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H. 
AuBLE, Wilson C. 
Austin, William B. 
Ayers, Burley B. 

Babcock, Adolph 
Babcock, Orville E, 
Bacon, Dr. Charles S. 
Baer, Mrs. Mervin K. 
Bagge, Christian U. 
Baker, Arthur R. 
Baker, James Childs 
Ball, John 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballas, a. L. 
Bangs, William D. 
Banning, Samuel W, 
Barbour, James J. 
Barker, Mrs. Frank W, 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Barth, Lewis L. 
Bartholomae, Mrs. Emma 
Bartholomay, Frank H. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, Wm., Jr. 
Bass, Mrs. Perkins 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Baxter, John E. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beaton, Mathev/, Jr. 
Beck, Dr. E. G. 
Beck, H. Frederic 
Beerly, G. E. 
Behrens, George A. 
Belden, Joseph C. 
Belfield, a. Miller 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Bell, Hayden N. 
Bell, William W. 
Bellows, H. H. 
Bellows, Mrs. L. E. H. 
Bennet, William S. 
Bennett, Edward H. 
Bennington, Harold 
Bensler, Ernest 
Bent, Charles M. 
Bentley, Richard 
Berger, Henry A. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Bestel, Oliver A. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph 
Bibber, Thomas H. 
Bills, Benjamin 
Birkenstein, Louis 
Black, Benjamin H. 
Black, Herman 
Bl.\ck, W. J. 
Blackwood, Dr. L. W. 
Blakeley, John M. 
Bliss, Charles F. 
Blitzsten, Harry 
Blodgett, Edgar E. 
Blomgren, Dr. W. L. 
Blythe, Mrs. J. W. 
BoBB, Dwight S. 
Bodman, Mrs. Edward W. 
BoLLENS, Walter 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bolton, John E, 
Bonk, Joseph P. 
BooRN, William C. 
Born, Edgar R. 
BoTTS, Graeme G. 
Bournique, Alvar L. 
BowE, Augustine J. 
Bowen, Joseph T., Jr. 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Neil C. 
Brand, Edwin L., Jr. 
Braun, Arthur J. 
Brawley, Dr. Frank E. 
Breen, James W. 
Brendecke, Walter A. 
Brewer, Edward H. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brewerton, William A. 
Brewster, William E. 
Briggs, Carl R. 
Brin, Harry L. 
Bristol, James T. 

Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Brodsky, Jacob J. 
Brodt, Irwin T. 
Brooks, Robert E. L. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Brower, Jule F. 
Brown, Alvia K. 
Brown, Charles D. 
Brown, Charles W. 
Brown, Edward Eagle 
Brown, J. Rice 
Brown, R. Stewart 
Brown, W. Gray 
Bryant, Donald R. 
Buckingham, John 
Buckingham, Tracy W, 
Buddeke, I. W. 
Buettner, Emil 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 


BuNN, B. H. 

Burdick, Dr. Alfred S. 


Burmeister, Edwin C. 
BuRNHAM, Daniel H. 
BuRNHAM, Hubert 
Burns, John J. 
Burr, Maurice 
BuRRi, Dr. Otto 
Burton, Fred A. 
BuscH, Francis X. 
Bushonville, James T. 
BuTz, Theo. C. 
Byrne, Thomas H. 

Cahn, Benjamin R. 
Caldwell, Dr. Charles P. 
Caldwell, Louis G. 
Callner, Joseph M. 
Cambria, Frank K. 
Camp, Benjamin B. 
Camp, Curtis B. 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campe, Frank O. 
Card, Joseph B. 
Carey, Frank L, 
Carey, John P. 
Carlile, William B, 
Carlsen, Charles J. 
Carmody, William F, 
Carpenter, John A. 
Carroll, Michael A. 
Carruthers, Arthur S. 
Carter, Allan J. 
Carter, Frederick M, 

514 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Casavant, Gustav a. 
Case, Charles C, Jr. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, Sydney 
Cavenee, Mrs. C. M. 
Cerf, Louis R. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chambers, J. D. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Frank R. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chase, Samuel T. 
Chattin, William 
Chester, H. H. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Christie, Dr. Roy E. 
Christie, Sigurd A. 
Christy, Merrill E. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Churchill, Richard S. 
Clark, Miss Alice K. 
Clark, Charles V, 
Clark, Mancel T. 
Clark, Ralph C. 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Claussen, Edmund J. 
Claypool, Glen F. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Cloney, Thomas W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cloyes, William E. 
Cluff, Edwin E. 
COBURN, Alonzo J. 
CoBURN, John J. 
Cochran, J. L. 
Cohen, Leopold 
CoLDREN, Clifton C. 
Cole, E. Leslie 
Coleman, Clarence L. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, George R. 
Collins, William M. 
Comerford, Frank 
Comfort, Ralph 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Condon, Thomas J. 
Conkey, H. p. 
CoNNE, Louis 
CoNovER, Luther W. 
CoNRAN, Walter A. 
Cook, Miss Edith S. 
Cooke, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
Cooke, Mrs. George G. 
Cooley, Asa B. 

Cooper, Charles H. 
Cooper, Fred W. 
CoRDELL, Arthur N. 
Corey, William H. 
CoRSANT, Mrs. Charles 

Coulter, Prof. J. M. 
Cowling, John P. 
Cowley, Frederick 
Cox, Henry J. 
Craddock, John F. 
Craig, L. H. 
Crane, George E. 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Crawford, Frederick E. 
Creed, Daniel A. 
Creedon, Mrs. Clara W. 
Crego, Frank A. 
Cronkhite, Albion C. 
Crosby, Mrs. Frederick W. 
Cudney, Harold N. 
Cummings, Thomas A., Jr. 
CURRAN, O. P., Jr. 
Curran, Peter A. 
CuRSHAN, Marcus 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Curtis, John F. L. 
Gushing, John F. 
Cutler, Henry E. 

Dallager, Roy A. 
Dallas, Charles D. 
Dankowski, I. F. 
Darrow, Clarence S. 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
Daughaday, Hamilton 
David, Sidney S. 
Davies, Marshall 
Davies, William B. 
Davis, Col. Alexander M. 
Davis, Charles E. 
Davis, Charles H. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Ross W. 
' Day, Clyde L. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
De Bus, William H. 
* Decker, Mrs. John E. 
De Field, William R. 
DeLang, Theodore O. 
Dickinson, Phil S. 
Dilkes, Howard B. 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dolnick, Dr. Max A. 
Doyle, Leo J. 

. I 





Four feet high. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Doyle, Thomas J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Duff, R. R. Robinson 
Duffy, Dr. Frank T. 
DuNBAUGH, Harry J. 
DuNER, Dr. Clarence S. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunning, N. Max 
Du Val, Dr. Emile C. 

Easter, Warren T. 
Easthope, Joseph 
EcK, Dr. Charles P. 
EcKHART, Percy B. 
Edlin, Dr. J. V. 


Elghammer, Dr. 

H. William 
Ellbogen, Mrs. Max 
Ellingson, Girard a. 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Francke C. 
Elliott, L. G. 
Emig, Howard A. 
Engelhard, Benjamin M. 
Engels, Dr. Nicholas R, 
England, Edward L. 
English, John J. 
Epstein, Henry P. 
Erd, Arthur A. 
Erickson, Elmer 
EsTES, Clarence E. 
EusTis, Percy S. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evans, Dr. Joseph K. 

Fair, Dr. Fred F. 
Fanning, Charles G. 
Fantus, Dr. Bernard 
Farnsworth, George J. 
Fechheimer, Louis F. 
Fenley, William H. 
Ferguson, Dr. Allen 

Ferguson, Edward A. 
Ferrin, Dr. John W. 
Fetzer, Wm. R. 
Field, Henry 

Field, Mrs. Wentworth G. 
FiNDLEY, Dr. Ephraim K. 
FiNiGAN, Thomas 
Fink, George E. 
FisHBEiN, Dr. Morris 
Fitch, Thomas 
Flanigan, Arthur H. 

Foley, Dr. Edmund F. 
Foreman, Henry G. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forrest, George D. 
FoRTELKA, Dr. Frank L. 
Fortune, John L. 
Fosburg, H. a. 
Foster, A. Dbwitt 
Foster, Chauncey C. 
Foster, Dr. Mabel G. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, David 
Frank, Henry L. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Franke, Dr. Fred C. 
Franke, Dr. Meta E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frederick, R. L. 
Freeman, Dr. Roy H. 
Freer, H. M. 
Freilich, Dr. Ellis B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton 
Frieder, Edward N. 
Friedman, Mrs. I. K. 
Friedman, Mrs. Samuel 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gaber, Benjamin 
Gabriel, Frank J. 
Gaddis, Cyrus J. 
Gaither, Otho S. 
Gale, Abram 
Gallup, Edward 
Gamble, James A. 
Gammonley, James J. 
Gannon, George 
Gang, David R. 
Garden, Miss Annie 
Garrett, Richard P. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gartside, John L. 
Gawne, Miss Clara V. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gebhardt, Ernest A. 
Geddes, Thomas 
Geddes, William H. 
Gehl, Dr. William H. 
Geraghty, Gerald G. 
Gerding, Paul C. 
Geringer, Charles M. 
Gerts, Walter S. 
Gertz, Rudolph V. 

5i6 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Geuther, Otto R. 
Gibson, Charles H. 
GiELOW, Walter C. 
GiFF, Harold W. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
GiLE, Adolph 
Gill, Wallace 
GiLLEN, Joseph F. 
Gillespie, Robert H. 
GiNSBURG, Harry 
Gitter, Miss Mary B. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Glass, William Q. 
Glasser, Edward 
GoDEHN, Paul 


GoERGEN, Phillip G. 
Goes, Mrs. Josephine 
GOLDFINE, Dr. Ascher 

H. C. 
Goldsmith, Edwin 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, Moses 
GooDKiND, Dr. Maurice 
Goodnow, E. H. 
Gordon, Mrs. Frederick T. 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Gordon, Miss Maud 
Goslee, Dr. Hart J. 
Gould, George W. 
Gould, Marc D. 
Grable, Mrs. Ethel S. 
Grady, Mrs. David E. 
Graff, Oscar C. 
Gramm, Dr. Carl T. 
Grant, Alexander R. 
Grappbrhaus, Fred W. 
Graver, Philip S. 
Graves, William C. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Grear, W. S. 
Greby, Joseph F. 
Green, Edward A. 
Green, John H. 
Green, Robert D. 
Green, Samuel 
Greengard, Max 
Gregersen, Miss Helga 
Gregory, Clifford V. 
Grein, Joseph 
Greiner, Clarence A. 
Griffin, Bennett 
Griffin, Nicholas M. 
Griffith, William C. 
Grigaitis, Pius 

Grimm, W. H. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, Florian a. 
Grommes, John B. 
Groome, Richard L. 
Grosberg, Charles 
Gross, Dr. Henry R. 
Grossfeld, Miss Rose 
Gruenfeld, Adolph J. 
Grund, Harry T. 
Guggenheim, S. 
Guillians, John R. 
GuMBiNER, Robert 
GuNKEL, George F. 

GUNN, W. C. 

GusTAvsoN, Victor 
GusTiN, Lewis V. 
GuTHMAN, Miss Bertha 
Guthrie, Miss Mary G. 


GuTOwsKi, William A. 
Guy, Walter W. 
GuYTON, C. Ernest 
Gyberson, Miss Indiana 

Haas, George H. J. 
Haerther, William W. 
Hagan, Thomas F. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Hahn, William L, 
Hair, John V. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Hakanson, Mrs. 

Bertha W. 
Halbert, Ward K. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Charles R. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, William B. 
Hall, William W. 
Hallenbeck, Charles E. 
Hambleton, C. J. 
Hambleton, Mrs. Earl L. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, Robert J. 
Hamilton, Walter G. 
Hammel, George E. 
Hammer, Adolph G. 
Hammer, Hans H. 
Hammer, Thomas H. 
Hammers, M. J. 
Hammerberg, Miss Eva M. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Hammond, Roy E. 
Hance, Paul W. 
Hanley, Mrs. H. L. 
Hanly, Clarence P. 
Hanna, Francis D. 
Hannah, Alexander W. 
Hannan, Miss 

Elizabeth Q. 
Hansen, Miss Alma C. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Hardenbrook, Burt C. V. 
Harding, S. Lawrence 
Harkness, Launcelot a. 
Harmon, Hubert R. 
Harmon, John H. 
Harner, George W. 
Harriman, Frank B. 
Harriman, Mrs. Karl E. 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, J. Max 
Harris, Wallace R. 
Harris, William L. 
Harrison, Harry P. 
Harrison, James D. 
Harrold, James P. 
Hart, Mrs. Helena 
Hart, Henry D. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, William N. 
Hartigan, Claire 
Hartmann, Henry, Sr. 
Hartwig, Otto J. 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harwood, Frederick 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Hassett, Frank L. 
Hastings, Edmund A. 
Hatch, Frank M. 
Haugan, Miss Alice 
Haughey, James M. 
Hauser, J. C. 
Hausmann, Frank W. 
Hausse, Richard H. 
Hawkins, Frank P. 
Hawkins, M. L. 
Hawkinson, j. T. 
Hawley, Albert P. 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hawtin, Wells W. 
Healy, John J. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Hebel, Oscar 
Hechler, Valentine 

Heck, John 
Heckendorf, R. a. 
Heckinger, Wm. j. 
Hector, William S. 
Hedberg, Victor E. 
Hedges, Fleming D. 
Hedges, Dr. Robert N. 
Heerema, Gerrit 
Heg, Ernest, Sr. 
Heiberg, S. John 
Heidel, Dr. Cecil T. 
Heidler, Frank J. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heineke, Carl 
Heinemann, Earl 
Heinemann, John B. 
Heinpelden, Curt H. G. 
Heinz, L. Herman 
Heise, William F. 
Heller, Bruno F. 
Hempstead, Joseph L. 
Kendrickson, Magnus 
Henning, Fred C. 
Henrickson, Olof B. 
Henry, C. Duff 
Henry, Miss Camille B. 
Henry, Charles W. 
Henry, Claude D. 
Henry, H. B. 
Henschein, H. Peter 
Hensel, Herman E. 
Hepburn, David D. 
Hermann, William C. 
Herrod, Herbert E, 
Hertel, Hugo S. 
Hertzberg, Edward 
Herzman, Dr. Morris H. 
Hess, John L. 
Hess, Sol H. 
Hessert, Gustav 
Hessert, Dr. William 
Hettrick, William J. 
Heumos, Alois 
Heyman, Emanuel H. 
Heymann, L. H. 
Heyn, William P. 
HiBBARD, Frederick C. 
Hibshman, Roy S. 
HicKLiN, John W. 
Higbie, N. Bradley 
High, Shirley T. 
Hildebrand, Eugene 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hilgendorf, George H. 
Hill, Frederick 

5i8 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VI. 

Hill, John 
Hill, William H. 
HiLLis, Dr. David 

HiLLYER, D wight E. 

Hilton, Henry H. 
HiMAN, Charles 
HiNDMAN, Arthur S. 
Hinds, Joseph B. 
HiNN, Dr. George J. 
HiRD, Frederic H. 
HiRscH, Henry H. 
HiRSCH, Jackson H. 
Hirschfeld, Dr. S. 
Hiscox, Morton 
Hitchcock, R. M. 
HiTB, Harry A. 
Hodgdon, William 
Hodge, Thomas P. 
Hodges, Louis A. 
Hodson, William 
HoEFER, Ernest 
HoELSCHER, Herman M. 
Hoffman, Jacob 
Hoffstadt, Dr. John P. 
Hogg, Harry H, 
HoLABiRD, John A. 
Holden, Charles R. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hollmeyer, John G. 
Hollo WAY, Owen B. 
hollowell, r. d. t. 
Holm, Gottfried 
HoLMAN, Alf. L. 
Holman, Edward 
Holmes, Dr. Bayard 
Holmgren, Elmer N. 
Holt, C. McPherson 
Holt, James A. 
Honnold, Fred C. 
HooGE, Dr. Ludwig F. 
Hook, Arthur S. 
Hoot, Miss Emily M. 
Hopkins, Mrs. Blanche B. 
Hopkins, Walter D. 
Horn, Albin O. 
Horner, Henry 
HoRNSTEiN, Leon 
Horsefall, Olin L. 
HoRST, Curt A. 
HoRSTiNG, William F. 
Horween, Ralph 
Horwich, Philip 
HosFORD, William R. 
HosKiNs, Edmund F. 
Houghteling, Miss H. P. 

Houghteling, James L. 
HouK, William D. 
Howard, Eugene A. 
Howe, Mrs. Fanny J. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howes, Henry W. 
Hoyt, Dr. D. C. 
HoYT, William M. II 
Hrynieweicki, Dr. Stefan 
Hubbard, E. J. 
Hubbard, William C. 
HuBBELL, William J. 
HuEBSCH, Mrs. Helen 
Hughes, Hubert Earl 
Hughes, John J. 
HuLBERT, Mrs. Chas. 

Hull, Irving W. 
Hull, Robert W. 
Hullhorst, Dr. Paul 
HuMiSTON, Dr. Charles E. 
Hungerford, Louis S. 
HuNscHE, Frederick 
Hunt, W. Prbscott, Jr. 
HuRD, Harry B. 
Hurd, Max H. 
Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Hutchison, Mrs. C. L. 

Iliff, George F. 
Ingram, Harold S. 
Ingram, Miss Lottie N. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Insull, Martin J. 
Irish, Dr. Henry E. 
Irwin, A. C. 
IsMOND, Thomas A. 
Iverson, Ralph H. 
IWERT, William C. 

Jaburek, Richard 
Jackson, David H. 
Jackson, Raphael 
Jackson, Miss Ruby A. 
Jackson, William F, 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Nathan 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jacobson, William 
Jaeger, Edward W. 
Jaegermann, William A. 
Jaenicken, Frederick H. 
James, Raymond H. 
James, Dr. T. Franklin 
Jameson, Clarence W. 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Jamison, Leroy D. 
Jampolis, Mrs. Mark 
Janata, Louis J. 
Jaques, Louis T, 
Jarchow, Alfred W. 
JARCHOW, Charles C. 
Jarema, Alexander L. 
Jarvis, William B., Sr. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jehn, Rev. Ernest G. 
Jenks, Pierre G. 
Jennische, Ludvvig 
Jensen, Carl F. 
Jensen, Christ A. 
Jensen, Gorm 
Jernberg, C. Edgar 
Jernberg, Carl L. 
JiRSA, Dr. Otto J. 
Johanigman, Sterling E. 
JoHNSEN, Charles 
Johnson, Alfred W. 
Johnson, August 
Johnson, Bert W. 
Johnson, Charles E. 
Johnson, Fred A. 
Johnson, Harry C. 
Johnson, Henry G. 
Johnson, James C. 
Johnson, Julius G. 
Johnson, Martin A. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Nels J. 
Johnson, P. Robert 
Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnson, Ray T. 
Johnson, Ulysses G. 
Johnson, Vernon 
Johnson, Victor M. 
Johnston, Bernard F. 
Johnston, David B. 
Johnston, Ira B. 
Johnston, Samuel P. 
Johnstone, Balfour 
Johnstone, George A. 
Jonas, Sol T. 
Jones, Charles J. 
Jones, Miss Edna E. 
Jones, Mrs. Homer D. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, John S. 
Jones, L. Beers 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Joseph, Arthur W. 
Joseph, Morris 
Joy, James A. 

Judah, Mrs. Noble Brandon 
Julius, Leonard H. 
Junker, Richard A. 
JuNKUNC, Stephen 
Just, Mrs. Charles L. 

Kachudas, Chris A. 
Kahmann, Karl W. 
Kahn, I. W. 

Kanavel, Dr. Allen B. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, Michael V. 
Kapsa, Ladislav a. 
Karalius, Dr. A. J. 
Karpen, Sol 
Kasehagen, Fred W. 
Kassner, Conrad 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kelly, Joseph J. 
Keplinger, W. a. 
Kerwin, Edwin M. 
Kimball, Mrs. Louise L. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Dr. C. Bruce 
King, Frank J. 
King, Frank O. 
King, John Andrews 
KiNGSLEY, Rev. Theron M. 
Kingston, Mrs. Rose L. 
Kinney, Clarence M. 
Kinney, Dr. William B. 
KiNSELLA, Dr. L. C. 
KiNSEY, Louis A. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
KiNTZELL, Richard 
Kipp, Carl P. 
KiRBY, John R, 
KiRCHBR, Rev. Julius 
KisTEL, John H. 
KiTCHELL, Howell W. 
KixMiLLER, Mrs. William 
Klafs, Ernest C. 
Klapman, Morris 
Klein, Abraham A. 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Klein, Dr. Carl 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Mrs. Henry A. 
Klein, Michael B. 
Klein, Peter 
Klein, Richard R. 
Klein, T. Henry 
Kleinhans, Dr. Joseph B. 
Kleinman, Alexander 
Klenha, Joseph Z. 

520 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Kline, Sol 
Knapp, Clifford J. 
Knapp, George L. 
Knapp, Thomas 
Knight, Charles S. 
Knight, Stanley M. 
Knode, Oliver M. 
Knowles, William V. 
Knudsen, Harold B. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Kohl, Peter J. 
KoHN, Emil 
KoHN, Oscar 
KoHOUT, Joseph, Jr. 
Kollbaum, Miss Dora H. 
KoLSTAD, Odin T. 
KoNOPA, John S. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
KooNS, Mrs. Laura E. 
KoPF, Ch.-^rles W. 
KoPF, William P. 
KoRiNEK, George R. 
KoRN, Moses 
Korshak, Maurice J. 
KoRTEN, Mrs. William O. 
Kostecka, John 
KoTiN, George N. 
Kovac, Stefan 
KovoLOFF, Daniel 
KoziczYNSKi, Dr. Lucian 
KozLOwsKi, Vincent F. 
Kracke, Arthur M. 
Kraemer, Otto C. 
Kraft, Dr. Oscar H. 
Krafthefer, James M. 
Krajewski, Adam R. 
Krakow, Oscar 
Kramer, Cletus F. 
Kranstover, Albert H. 
Kratoska, Frank J. 
Krausman, Arthur 
Krein, Frank J. 
Krensky, a. Morris 
Kriebel, Warren W. 
Kroesen, W. F. 
Krone, Paul 
Kropp, Charles A. 
Krueger, Joseph 
Kruger, Richard O. 
Krupnick, Ira 
Kudner, Arthur H. 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kugler, Benjamin 
KuH, Dr. Sidney 
KuHLMANN, Clarence F. 

Kuhns, Joseph H. 
KuLPAK, Stephen A. 
Kundsen, Harold B. 
KuNKA, Bernard J, 
KuNTZ, Rev. Lawrence 


KuRK, Fred W. 
KuRZ, Oscar A. 
Kussel, Gabriel 

Lack, Louis 
Lacy, Herman C. 
Lahann, Herman C. 
Lake, Edward 
Lamb, Frank H. 
Lamont, John A. 
Lampert, Mrs. Lydia 
Lane, Miss Abby E. 
Lang, Charles E. 
Langdon, Buel a. 
Langert, Abraham M. 
Langille, Wilbur F. 
Langworthy, Benjamin F. 
Lanius, James C. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larkin, Charles M. 
Larsen, Charles 
Larsen, Gustave R. 
Larsen, Harvey E. 
Larson, Bror 0. 
Larson, Emil M. 
Larson, Frank A. 
Larson, Gustaf E. 
Larson, Laurence J. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Lathrop, Frederick A. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
La WES, Charles A. 
Lawler, Joseph B. 
Lawrence, B. E. 
Leach, George T. 
Lee, J. Owen 
Leemon, Harry C. 
Lehmpuhl, Herman F. 
Leigh, Edward B. 
Leight, Edward A. 
Leight, Mrs. Edward A. 
Lelivelt, Joseph J. 
Le Sage, John J. 
Lester, Albert G. 
Lester, Frank H. 
Levan, Rev. Thomas F. 
Levey, Clarence J. 
Levine, George 

Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Levinson, Dr. Benjamin 
Levinson, Salmon O. 
Levis, W. Walter 
Levitan, Louis 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levitt, Nathan 
Levy, Harry H. 
Lewis, J. Henry 
Libberton, Dr. Ralph E. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Lincoln, Robert T. 
Lindheimer, Jacob 


Lineberry, G. L. 
LiNiNGER, William H. 


LiNKMAN, Louis B. 
Linn, Erick N. 
LiNSLEY, Willis H. 
LiPCOWITZ, Isador 
LiPKiN, Maurice S. 
LiPMAN, Abraham 
LiPPERT, Aloysius C. 
LiPSEY, William J. 


Liss, Samuel 
Lister, Harold R. 
Lister, Dr. William W. 
Lithgow, Charles H. 
Littell, C. Guy 
Little, Charles G. 
Little, George 
Little, John L. 
LiTZKOW, Fred W. 
Llewellyn, Arthur J. 
Lloyd, A. E. 
Lloyd, Mrs. Grace C. 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
LoBDELL, Harry H. 
Lobell, George M. 
Lochner, Frederick H. 
Locke, George D. 
LoEB, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Hamilton 
LoEB, Dr. Ludwig M. 
LoEB, Maurice 
LoEHR, Karl C. 
Loehwing, Marx 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Nathan 
LoEWY, William 
Logan, Bernard 
Logan, Frank G. 
LoMAX, William L. 
London, Harry 

Long, Dr. Esmond R. 

Long, William H, 

LoNGHi, Emilio 

LooMis, W. Andrew 

LooMis, Miss Helen A. 

Lord, Robert O. 

Lorenzen, Henry 

lott, gustav r. 

Lott, James N. 

LoTTS, William H. 

LoucKs, Charles O. 

Louis, Isadore 

Love, Chase W. 

Lovely, Miss Charlotte G. 

Low, John M. 

Low, Willard W. 

LowY, Rudolph 

Lozins, Bert 

Lozo, Joseph P. 

Lucas, Dr. A. L. 

Ludolph, Wilbur M. 

Ludwig, William F. 

Lund, Hjalmar C. R. 

LuTzow, Fred H. 

Lytle, Clinton W. 

Mac Rae, Albert 
McAllister, M. Hall 
McArthur, Dr. Lewis L. 
McBeath, Harry F. 
McCann, Robert L. 
McCarthy, Rev. Father 

Geo. T. 
McCauley, Mrs. Thomas N. 
McConnell, John L. 
McConnell, John W. 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McGarry, John A. 
McGoorty, J. p. 
McGough, S. p. 
McKee, Mrs. William L. 
McLaury, Mrs. C. W. 
McMillan, David E. 
McNerny, Mathew F. 
McNichols, John V. 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magie, Mrs. Frank Ogden 
Magill, Henry P. 
Magnus, Edward 
Mann, William H. 
Manning, Miss Emma 
Manson, William 
Marsh, John McWilliams 

522 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Marshall, Raphael H. 
Martin, Mbllen C. 
Martin, Z. E. 
Mason, George, Jr. 
Massmann, Fred H. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Maynard, Mrs. Ada E, 
Mead, Henry C. A. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Meek, C. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Merrill, Mrs. J. J. 
Merrill, William W. 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Charles P. 
Mitchell, L. A. 
Moeng, Edward D. 
Montague, Orlo O. 
Montgomery, Mrs. F. H. 
Montgomery, Fred. D. 
MooNEY, William H. 
Moore, Frederick W. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Morgan, Clarence 
Morris, Eugene C. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles F. 
MoRSMAN, Joseph J. 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard 
MuLDOON, John A. 
mulliken, a. h. 
Mulliken, John H. 
Munger, George E. 
Murphy, Walter Austin 

Nash, John S. 
Nash, Patrick A. 
Nelson, E. A. 
Nesbit, Wilbur D. 
Nesbit, William 
Nichols, Edwin G. 
Nichols, Warren 
Nickerson, J. F. 
NoRCROss, Frederic F. 
Norton, John W. 

O'Connor, James R. 
Ollier, Valentine 
O'Malley, Dr. J. G. 
Omo, Don L. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 


Otte, Hugo E. 

Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Packer, Charles Swasey 
Paddock, Dr. Charles E. 
Palmer, Prof. Claude 

Palmer, Percival B, 
Parker, George S. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Partridge, C. W. 
Paulding, John 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Paulsen, Dr. J. W. 
Peacock, Charles A. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Peck, Mrs. Charles G. 
Pennington, Frank B. 
Perlstein, Benjamin 
Perry, Dr. Ethel 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Peterson, Albert 
Philipson, Isidor 
Pick, Albert, Jr. 
PiCKARD, Mrs. W. A. 
Pickell, J. Ralph 
PicKRELL, Harvey 
Pincoffs, Maurice 
Place, F. E. 

Plamondon, Charles A. 
Platka, Frank T. 
Pond, Allen B. 
Powell, Miss Nellie 
Pratt, Charles A. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Propper, William F. 
Prosser, Mrs. J. G. 
Protheroe, Daniel 
Pruyn, William Henry, Jr. 
PuLVER, Henri Pierre 

QuADOW, Nathan L. 
Quinlan, Dr. William W. 

Raber, Franklin 
Raff, William J., Sr. 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randle, Guy D. 
Rapaport, Morris W. 
Rayhorn, Charles 
Reach, Benjamin 
Reed, Earl Howell, Jr. 
Reed, Mrs. Mary L. 
Reed, Rufus M. 
Reeve, Frederick E. 
Regensburg, James 
Reilly, John R. 






















> H) 

uj •;: 

z Z 


w c 

ID u 

o S 

I 3 












Jan., 1926 

Annual Report of the Director 


Requa, William B. 
Rice, Otto M. 
Richards, H. A. 
Richards, Marcus 
Richter, Dr. H. M. 
RiGALi, John E. 
Ripley, Mrs. E. P. 
Rittenhouse, Mrs. Moses F. 
Roberts, Jesse E. 
Rockwell, Harold H. 
RoDEN, Carl B. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rogers, Miss Irene F, 
Rogerson, Edward J. 
RoLFES, Gerald A. 
RoLLO, Egbert 
RoRABACH, George E. 
RosENBAUM, Edwin S. 
RosENBAUM, Mrs. Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
rosenfeld, m. j. 
Rosenwald, Miss Mae O. 
Ross, Dr. Colin K. 
Rothschild, Mrs. Hattie 
Rud, Dr. Anthony 
Rudolph, Miss Bertha 
Ruettinger, J. G. 
Russell, Mrs. Mildred A. 
Ryan, John M. 
Ryan, Thomas C. 

Sachs, Max H. 
Sage, Mrs. William 
Sailer, Ernest C. 
Sampson, H. J. 
ScHAFFER, Dr. David N. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schiller, Dr. Heliodor 
Schmidt, Adolph 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Dr. Herbert J. 
Schmidt, Dr. Otto L. 
Schmidt, Richard E. 
Schnering, Julius 
Schnering, Otto Y. 


ScHRAM, Harry S. 
Schroeder, Dr. Frederic H. 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 
schulman, a. s. 
Schwab, Dr. Leslie W. 
Schwab, Martin 
ScH WAGER, Dr. Irving 
Schwartz, G. A. 

ScHWEizER, Albert H. 
Scott, Dr. James McDonald 
Scudder, J. Arnold 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Seip, Fred 
Selig, Dr. Lew 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Senft, Frank 
Sethness, Charles O. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shapiro, J. F. 
Shapker, Edward B. 
Shaw, A. W. 
Shearman, C. E. 
Shepard, Guy C. 
Sherman, Mrs. Francis C. 
Sherman, L. B. 
Shibko, Joseph A. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shortall, John L. 
Shotwell, Alfred H. 
Silberman, Adolph 
Silverman, Joseph 
Simmons, Parke E. 
Simpson, Dr. Elmer E. 
Simpson, Walter H. 
Sinclair, William J. 
Skinner, Miss Frederika 
Slade, John C. 
Smith, Clayton F. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Frederick W. 
Smith, Gilbert M. 
Smith, Herman D. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Joseph C. 
Smith, Miss Mary Rozet 
Snitzler, Mrs. James M. 
Snow, Fred A. 
somerville, thomas a. 
Soper, Henry M. 
SoPER, Thomas 
Spalding, Mrs. Stewart 
Speigel, M. J., Jr. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Mae O. 
Spiegler, Frank F. 
Spitz, J. 
Spry, George 
Stanton, Henry J. 
Stearns, Fred 
Stein, Adolf 
Stein, Sidney L. 
Stein, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Stenson, Frank R. 

524 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Stern, Felix 
Stern, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Sternberg, Morris 
Stevens, Ernest 
Stevens, Raymond W. 
Stevenson, James R. D. 
Stewart, James S. 
Stewart, Samuel C. 
Stewart, William 
Stockton, Mrs. John 

Stockton, Miss Josephine 
Stoddart, Charles H. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Straten, Dr. Hubert J. 
Straus, Arthur W. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strawn, Taylor 
Street, Edward P. 
Strehl, Mrs. William R. 
Strobel, Charles L. 
Strong, Gordon 
Sulzberger, S. L. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, William E. 

Tauber, William 
Taylor, Francis W. 
Teich, Max L. 
Tenney, Horace Kent 
Thomson, James 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Throop, George Enos 
TiEKEN, Dr. Theodore 
TipPETT, William M. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Trench, Mrs. Daniel G. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F, 
Trude, Mrs. A. S. 
Tubergen, Mrs. 

Benjamin F. 
Tucker, Dr. George W. 
Tufts, Prof. Jas. H. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
TuTHiLL, Richard S. 
Tuttle, Charles 


Urheim, Dr. O. J. 
Urion, Alfred R., Jr. 

Van Dellen, Dr. R. L. 

Van Hoosen, Dr. Bertha 
Van Schaick, Mrs. 

Ethel R. 
Vantine, Miss Grace B. 
Vaughan, Dr. Perry E. 
Vaughan, Roger T. 
Veatch, Miss Marie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Vilas, Lawrence H. 
VoiGT, Miss Alice 
VoLTZ, Daniel W. 

Wachlin, Dr. Edwin 
Wagenknight, a. R. 
Waite, Miss Muriel W. 
Walcott, Chester Howe 
Walker, Bertrand 
Walker, James R. 
Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wallace, John F. 
Waller, Miss Katherine 
Wallin, Dr. Thomas G. 
Wallner, Dr. John S. 
Ward, David L. 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Mrs. Homer S. 
Warren, William G. 
Waters, R. T. 
Watkins, William 

Weary, Edwin D. 
Weddell, John 
Wedelstaedt, H. a. 
Wegg, Donald R. 
Weiss, Samuel H. 
Welch, Ninian H. 
Wentworth, John 
West, Frederick T. 
Westbrook, Mrs. E. S. 
Wheeler, Seymour 
Whitehead, W. M. 
Wild, Richard 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wiley, Edward N. 
WiLLETTS, George M. 
Williams, Eugene P. 
Williams, Gaar 
WiLSEY, R. E. 

Wilson, Miss Carolyn 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, M. H. 
Winston, Bertram M. 
Winter, I. 


Jan., 1926 Annual Report of the Director 


WiTKOwsKY, Miss Esther 
WoLBACH, Murray 
Wolf, Robert N. 
Wolff, Chris J. 
Wolff, George F. 
Wood, John H. 
WOODYATT, Dr. Rollin 

Worthy, Sidney W. 
Wright, Dr. James A. 

Wright, Mrs. Warren W. 
Wright, William M. 
Wuehrmann, H. F. 

Young, George H. 

Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Zeuch, Dr. Lucius P. 
Zimmermann, Herbert P. 

Deceased 1925 

Bid WELL, Joseph E. 
Brown, Walter B. 

Chapman, Dr. Edward D. 

Giessel, Henry 
Grey, Charles F. 

Hart, Harry 
Harter, Gustav a. 
Hess, Armin E. 
Hess, Edwin J. 

HiRSCH, Mrs. Matilda 
Hoffman, Miss Catherine 
Hottel, William S. 

Keyes, Rollin A. 

Lassague, Victor F. 
Lynch, Benjamin L. 

Von Kleinwachter, 
Dr. Ludwig 



Plate Opposite 

No. Page 

The late Frederick J. V. Skiff I 1 

The late Frank W. Gunsaulus II 14 

The late Charles B. Cory Ill 17 

Hall of Mineralogy IV 23 

A complete Flowering and Frtiiting Top of the Coconut Palm. V 29 

The \\Tieats of the World VI 33 

Serapes and Blankets, Northern Mexico VII 36 

Moss Agates in Higinbotham Hall VIII 40 

Type of Case loaned by the N. W. Harris Public School Exten- 
sion of Field Museum of Natural History IX 45 

Soft-shelled Turtle X 52 

Amber and Amber-like Resins XI 57 

Life-size figure of Japanese Woman in Street Costume, front 

and back XII 61 

Bullfrog. (Celluloid reproduction by L. L. Waters) XIII 65 

Striped Bass XIV 69 

Pompano XV 73 

Fossil Skull of Northern Mammoth. Found in Alaska in Glacial 

Gravels XVI 75 

Arthur B. Jones XVII 77 

The James Simpson Theatre XVIII 86 

Skeleton of the Extinct Columbian Mammoth {Elephas Colum- 

hi) from Spokane County, Washington XIX 92 

Burial Figure of Mastiff. Han Pottery, China XX 98 

A huge Fruit Cluster of Attalea Palm XXI 108 

Anaconda. Water Boa XXII 114 

Iron Meteorite from Navajo, Arizona XXIII 121 

Botanical specimens collected by the Stanley Field British 

Guiana Expedition XXIV 124 

American Bison. Buffalo XXV 126 

Head of Bodhisatva, India. Gandhara Period (Second 

Century A. D.) XXVI 132 

State Scene from Chinese Religious Drama showing The Ten 

Purgatories XXVII 140 

Type of Case loaned to Chicago Schools by the N. W. Harris 

Public School Extension of Field Museum of Natural 

History XXVIII 148 

Water Hyacinth {Piaropus crassipes) XXIX 156 

The late Charies F. Millspaugh XXX 165 

Fossil Crinoids from the Borden Collection of Indiana XXXI 180 

Prehistoric Gold Ornaments excavated from graves, Santa 

Marta, Colombia XXXII 185 

Great Gray Owl XXXIII 187 

Ceremonial Obsidian Blades of Yurok, California XXXIV 190 

Hall 38. Paleontology XXXV 192 

Black, Cinnamon and Glacier Bears XXXVI 199 

Map indicating localities from which specimens were received 

in 1923 XXXVII 204 

Common and White Gyrfalcons XXXVIII 210 

The Flower and Fruit-bearing Trunk of a Cannon-ball Tree 

from Guiana XXXIX 215 

Model of a Plant for the manufacture of Portland Cement. . . . XL 220 
Detail, (Crusher House), of a Model of a Plant for the Manu-] 

facture of Portland Cement i ■y[ ^ 991 

Detail, (Raw Grinding Mill), of Model of a Plant for the Manu- f ^^^ ^^^ 

facture of Portland Cement 


528 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI. 

Plate Opposite 
No. Page 
Figure of Water Buffalo cast of solid silver, China, Sixth Cen- 
tury A. D XLII 226 

A Cycad Plant with its large Seed-Bearing Cone XLIII 233 

Type of Case loaned to schools by the N. W. Harris Public 

School Extension of Field Museum of Natural History. . . XLIV 240 

Royal Sarong or Skirt woven in Gold Threads, Perak Malay. . XLV 249 

Model of a Fossil Cycad Flower XLVI 256 

William J. Chalmers XLVH 265 

The late George Manierre XLVIH 271 

Ceremonial Costumes of the Pawnee, showing new method of 

Installation on Forms. Hall 5 XLIX 274 

The Wild Flower Exhibit in Stanley Field Hall L 280 

Main Chamber of the Mastaba Tomb of Unis-Ankh, with Door- 
way leading into an Outer Chamber LI 285 

North American Cats LH 292 

Queen Crapemyrtle (Lager stroemia speciosa) LIII 301 

i'ype of Case loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of 

Natural History LIV 308 

Model of The Moon LV 317 

The Extinct Passenger Pigeon; A Habitat Group LVI 324 

Large Male Gorilla from Belgian Congo LVII 335 

Crystal of Gem Topaz, Marambaia, Brazil LVIII 338 

Imperial State Robe of the Manchu Dynasty, of Yellow Silk 
with Designs woven in. China, K'len-Lung Period 

(1736-95) LIX 349 

Complete Skeleton of Fossil Mammal {Interatherium) Santa 

Cruz Beds, Patagonia LX 356 

Type of Case loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of Natural 

History :•••.••. LXI 365 

Pewter Jar for Tea-leaves decorated with Scenes inlaid in brass. 

China, Ming Period (1368-1643) LXH 372 

James Simpson LXIII 385 

Granite Statue of the Architect Senmut LXIV 400 

Man-eating Lions of Tsavo LXV 405 

Skull of Fossil Whale LXVI 412 

Map showing route of James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expe- 
dition LXVII 431 

Egyptian Bronze Statue of the Lion-headed Goddess Sekhmet. LXVIII 435 

Under-sea Group of Sharks and Rays LXIX 442 

Tropical Vegetation on formerly cleared ground on the Deme- 

rara River LXX 45 1 

A Cactus from British Guiana. {Cereus hexagonus) LXXI 458 

Stump of a Fossil Tree of the Coal Period LXXII 467 

Type of Case loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of Natural 

History LXXIII 474 

American Bald Eagle LXXIV 483 

The late David Henner at work in the Stanley Field Plant Re- 
production Laboratory LXXV 490 

Type of Case loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of Natural 

History LXXVI 499 

Carapace of Glyptodon LXXVII 506 

Chieftain's carved Wooden Drum LXXVIII 515 

Front of Maori Council-house, New Zealand LXXIX 522 

m. \MM Of iHl 

JUN '< F> 1Q27 


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