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Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. VII, Plate I 





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6 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 


Edward E. Ayer 
Watson F. Blair 
John Borden 
Harry E. Byram 
William J. Chalmers 
Richard T. Crane, Jr. 
D. C. Davies 
Captain Marshall Field 
Stanley Field 
Ernest R. Graham 


Albert W. Harris 
Arthur B. Jones 
Chauncey Keep 
Charles H. Markham 
Cyrus H. McCormick 
Martin A. Ryerson 
James Simpson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Wrigley, Jr. 



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8 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 



Berthold Laufer, Curator 
A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology 


Ralph Linton — Oceanic and Malayan Ethnology 

Albert B. Lewis — Melanesian Ethnology 

William D. Strong — North American Ethnology and Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson — Mexican and South American Archaeology 

W. D. Hambly — African Ethnology 

Henry Field — Physical Anthropology 

John G. Prasuhn, Sculptor 

department of botany 

B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator 

J. Francis MacBride, Assistant Curator of Taxonomy 

James B. McNair, Assistant Curator of Economic Botany 

Carl Neuberth, Custodian of Herbarium 

department of geology 

O. C. Farrington, Curator 

Henry W. Nichols, Associate Curator 

Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology 

Sharat K. Roy, Assistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology 

department of zoology 

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator 

William J. Gerhard, Associate Curator of Insects 

C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator of Birds 
H. Boardman Conover, Associate in Ornithology 

assistant curators 
Edmund Heller — Mammals Karl P. Schmidt — Reptiles 

John T. Zimmer — Birds Alfred C. Weed — Fishes 

R. Magoon Barnes — Oology Edmond N. Gueret — Osteology 

Alfred M. Bailey, Assistant 

Julius Friesser — Mammals C. J. Albrecht — Mammals 

L. L. Pray — Fishes Leon L. Walters — Reptiles 

Ashley Hine — Birds 


S. C. SIMMS, Curator 

A. B. Wolcott, Assistant Curator 

■ en*. 





\\ III 1)1 

' * TWW ' Muaeum of Natural 1 

I hare the honor to praar- 

■ he year «b»: 
The jrrar ha* bean aapaoaily notcaurthy in the anaall <•' the 
n far the unpraradr- wurk uruier- 

uiit na*u 

■atif . an< I 
fund of knowle*:. 

rtoearrh vork «x .r Mum 

Th# «trnaK»n c>' ;«• of matt. 1 

U hit* brought about fur 
MM of the aliawun a* an ouUt. 

iriKUs (MUX* 
.i;..:' \ large j . ramuraJ 

ki fl«rt.!.ii !n l).r V.^wu: - , .•• ;•< r t vj .i!-v v.».o' .:«• ]«•%«.:! • ' 
'•r k T*.*-r< «. •. > of * aj •....'. M^r>!.aii Field. 

I here ha* been continued cvidetut- dunng the year >>'. deepening 


IT— dial Stanley FW<1 

t? »• l»rf»-;'. I ul.i! a.'-'l OOBtiMMd his BODtr.tiu'.Jof. ' >r l.'.r 

maintenance of the StanJ< 

of vtuch he M year m— rtfci 

inrom* I 10, and ihu budget deficit was abaorbe. 

«■ uf the maat notable pur 


contribute*! ' 


<• of the l**t imports 

.taiUtMio oi hi. admirable l>on I 


12 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

ing Group, which was presented to the Institution by Mr. Richard 
T. Crane, Jr. Mr. Crane also defrayed the expense of the installation 
of this group. 

A contribution of $6,000 was made by Mr. Charles R. Crane 
towards the expense of publishing "The Birds of the Americas," and 
a further and final sum of $6,500 for this purpose was received from 
Mr. Crane, bringing his total contribution for this publication to 

Mr. Edward E. Ayer contributed $1,000 for the purchase of 
additional books for the Ichthyological Library, and continued his 
contributions of books to the Ornithological Library. In addition he 
continued his gifts to the Edward E. Ayer Pewter Collection, adding 
thirty-four interesting objects during the year. 

Mr. William J. Chalmers supplemented his contributions for the 
purchase of additional specimens for the William J. Chalmers Crystal 

Funds which enabled the Museum to accept an invitation to 
place an exhibit in the Sesquicentennial International Exposition at 
Philadelphia, were contributed by Mr. Albert W. Harris. The exhibit 
was installed in a special booth in the Palace of Education at the 
Exposition, and presented various features of the N. W. Harris Public 
School Extension work of the Museum. 

A further contribution of $10,000 was made by Mr. James Simp- 
son towards defraying the final expenses of the James Simpson- 
Roosevelt Central Asia Expedition of Field Museum, which was com- 
pleted during the early months of the year. 

The Museum is indebted to the American Friends of China for 
their action in appropriating one-half of their annual income from 
members towards the development of the Chinese Section of the 

In addition to his regular annuity of $100,000, Captain Marshall 
Field provided $40,000 to defray the expenses of the Brazilian Expe- 
dition under the leadership of Mr. George K. Cherrie. Mrs. Mar- 
shall Field III and Mrs. Ernest Thompson Seton were members of 
this expedition, and the following members of the Museum staff 

Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator of the Department of Botany, 
assisted by J. R. Millar and George Petersen; Professor Henry W. 
Nichols, Associate Curator of Geology; and Assistant Curator Karl 
P. Schmidt and Assistant Colin C. Sanborn of the Department of 
Zoology. References to the success of the expedition, which obtained 

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14 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Everard, and Assistant Curator John T. Zimmer. According to re- 
ports received from the expedition, it is meeting with splendid suc- 

Other expeditions made during the year included one by Mr. C. J. 
Albrecht to the State of Washington to secure specimens of Stellar's 
Sea Lions; another by Mr. Albrecht to Arizona, in which he was 
accompanied by Artist Charles A. Corwin, to collect a group of Mule 
Deer; and a geological expedition by Assistant Curator Sharat K. 
Roy, conducted in the vicinity of Gilboa, New York, to collect re- 
mains of fossil trees of the Devonian Period, and invertebrate fossils 
of that region. Associate Curator Elmer S. Riggs has directed the 
continuation of the Captain Marshall Field Paleontological Expedi- 
tion to Argentina, and the season's work has added much valuable 
material to the collections. Assistant Curator Ralph Linton has con- 
tinued the work of the Captain Marshall Field Ethnological Expedi- 
tion in Madagascar with marked success. 

An agreement has been entered into with Colonel J. C. Faun- 
thorpe of Bombay, India, whereby he is to secure certain zoological 
group material especially desired for the Asiatic Hall of the Museum. 

A complete X-ray equipment, especially adapted for museum 
work, has been acquired and installed. The apparatus was presented 
to the Institution by President Field. This equipment affords an 
invaluable addition to methods of Museum research, and is now 
being used in important investigations. It makes possible detailed 
examination of specimens without dissection and consequent danger 
of permanent injury to the material; and it is expected to reveal im- 
portant features in objects of the ancient arts, pathological conditions 
in mummies, and many other subjects of interest to science. In estab- 
lishing this Division of Roentgenology the Museum has taken the 
lead in a new departure in museum practice. The Division is pro- 
vided with an operating room, dark room, and complete fittings. 

Additional costly photographic equipment was provided for the 
Division of Photography and Illustration, which will increase the 
productiveness and efficiency of that Division. 

The second portion of the Navajo meteorite was purchased by the 
Museum during the year, bringing the total weight of this fall to 
4,800 pounds. This is a notable fall, and is complete except for a few 
fragments. It is an addition of considerable importance to the total 
weight of meteoritic matter in the Museum. 

During the spring, summer and fall, the Museum, for the second 
time, maintained an exhibit of native plants and flowers of the 

j0o Kpaci. The n.::o-t...r. »u bond in fluntey K.rid I 
Th* rfart to d«v«iu; t*t in r... 

Wild Flow !*rtwrv . since in. 

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•job oi 
Mbvteg »***• rkrtnl Catron* of thr Institution Mr. < arl K 

i~kisirml: K ?>•;•. I 'rx.fre.-- r .-•<•. • ! ».•.,.■: • Mr John J. Mi'rhell 

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dbttagaUMd i*r».'^ .»«><. r^ ihrm n. s It.. !i r MM« Giatal 

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16 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

twenty-eight large paintings will be executed on the walls of the Hall 
devoted to that branch of geology. Mr. Charles R. Knight, well 
known as a foremost artist in this line, has been engaged for this 
work. The paintings will represent typical scenes of the earth and 
its life during past geological periods. They were made possible by 
the interest in the Museum of Mr. Ernest R. Graham. In recogni- 
tion of his generosity the Hall of Historical Geology will be named 
Ernest R. Graham Hall. 

Additions made to the staff of the Museum during the year were 
as follows: Mr. William D. Strong, appointed Assistant Curator of 
North American Ethnology and Archaeology; Mr. J. Eric Thomp- 
son, of Cambridge, England, Assistant Curator of Mexican and 
South American Archaeology; Mr. Henry Field, Assistant Curator 
of Physical Anthropology; Mr. James B. McNair, Assistant Curator 
of Economic Botany; Mr. W. D. Hambly of London, England, 
Assistant Curator of African Ethnology; Mr. A. M. Bailey, Assistant 
in the Department of Zoology; Miss Anna R. Bolan, Roentgenolo- 
gist; and Mr. Charles A. Corwin, Artist. 

Mr. Cleveland P. Grant and Miss Margaret M. Cornell were 
added to the Raymond Division, Guide Lecture staff. 

Dr. Ralph Linton, formerly Assistant Curator of North American 
Ethnology, has been changed in title and duties to Assistant Curator 
of Oceanic and Malayan Ethnology. 

The temporary services of Professor Samuel J. Record, of Yale 
University School of Forestry, were secured for the preparation of 
new labels for the North American Woods Collection. 

Leave of absence for ten weeks was granted to Associate Curator 
C. E. Hellmayr, so that he might attend the Sixth International 
Ornithological Congress at Copenhagen, and visit European museums 
for further study and comparison of types of birds. 

During the Eucharistic Congress, held in Chicago June 20 to 24, 
a large section of the ground floor, the James Simpson Theatre, the 
lecture hall, and certain offices of the Museum were allotted for the 
use of the dignitaries of the church. The convenience of the Museum 
to Soldiers' Field, where masses were held, made this a real service to 
great numbers of churchmen. Also during the Eucharistic Congress, 
a collection of sacred relics from Ireland was placed on exhibition in 
Stanley Field Hall, and proved to be of great interest to the throngs 
who attended the congress. 

A new method of exhibiting habitat groups of mammals with 
scenic backgrounds has been adopted. The cases are treated archi- 

m of -h. 


U RV0B1 or ii!.. : •iMOTM 

■ ■ ' 


18 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

and Autumn months. The Museum takes this occasion to thank the 
scientists and explorers whose participation made these courses 
successful. Following are the programs for both courses: 

March 6 — "Hunting Big Game in the Rocks." 

Mr. Arthur Sterry Coggeshall, Carnegie Mu- 
seum, Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Carveth Wells. 
—"Our Wild Flowers and Their Haunts." 
Mr. Edward C. Avery, Buffalo. 
"Rock-dwellers of Lower California." 

Mr. Ford Ashman Carpenter, Los Angeles. 
-"Tracing the Frontier of Alaska." 

Mr. Asa C. Baldwin, New York. 
"American Bird Life." 

Mr. Norman McClintock, Pittsburgh. 
-Lecture postponed. 

"On the Road to Timbuktu." 
Colonel E. Alexander Powell. 

-"Bird Mannerisms." 

Dr. Lucius C. Pardee, Chicago. 
October 2 — "Explorations in Borneo and Nias." (Arthur B. 
Jones Malayan Expedition, 1923.) 
Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole, Leader of the Expedition. 
October 9— "Life Through the Ages." 

Mr. Charles R. Knight, New York. 
October 16— "The Truth about the South Seas." 

Dr. Frederick L. Washburn, University of 
October 23 — "The James Simpson-Roosevelt Central Asia Ex- 
Mr. George K. Cherrie. 
October 30— "With John Muir in the California Sierras." 

Mr. Frederick Monsen, Pasadena. 
November 6— "The Evening Sky." 

Dr. G. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of 
Natural History, New York. 
November 13 — "Morocco." 

Mr. Horace Ashton, F.R.G.S. 















September 25- 

t ■ - 


The • 

:• .. 

' bMolo 

20 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

November 28 — "Exploring the Amazons-Orinoco Wilderness." 

Dr. Alexander Hamilton Rice. 
December 5 — "The Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition." 

Commander Donald B. MacMillan. 
December 12— "The Mystery of Mount Everest." 

Mr. N. E. Odell. 
December 16 — "Explorations and Excavations in the Maya Field in 

Dr. Sylvanus Griswold Morley. 

Concerts. — A new departure in public entertainment was made 
by the Museum when, through the generosity of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Sprague Coolidge, it inaugurated its first series of free Chamber Music 
Concerts given in the James Simpson Theatre on Sunday after- 
noons. These concerts, by the Gordon String Quartet, were well re- 
ceived by audiences totalling 4,406 individuals. They were given 
on the following dates: March 21, March 28, April 11, April 25, 
May 2, and May 9. 

A second series of concerts given on October 17, November 7 and 
December 19, extended into 1927. This series was presented as a 
Beethoven Festival under the auspices of the Chicago Chamber 
Music Society. 

Americanization Programs. — The Yale University Press Chron- 
icles of America Photoplays were, as in 1925, made the subject of a 
series of Americanization programs. The course was as follows: 

January 31 — "Columbus." 

February 7— "The Pilgrims." 

"The Puritans." 
February 14— "Peter Stuyvesant." 

"The Gateway to the West." 
February 21— "Wolfe and Montcalm." 

"The Eve of the Revolution." 
February 28 — "The Declaration of Independence." 

March 7— "Daniel Boone." 

"The Frontier Woman." 
March 14— "Yorktown." 

"Alexander Hamilton." 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. VII, Plate III 

Obtained from the Botanical Garden of Georgetown, British Guiana, and recently installed 
in the Hall of Plant Life 

Stanley Field Guiana Expedition, 1922 

TUmr Attn* ■ J prafnum . 









ir*r» mm ittaadad 




22 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

May 8— "Daniel Boone." 


May 15— "The Frontier Woman." 

"Temples and Palaces of India." 

"The Seven Ages of Fishing." 
May 22— "Yorktown." 

"Animal Life." 

"The Silk Worm." 
May 29— "Alexander Hamilton." 

"The Spice of Life." 

"The Growth of Animals." 
October 2— "South America." 
October 9— "Africa." 
October 16— "Persia." 
October 23— "India." 
October 30— "China." 
November 6 — "Japan." 
November 13— "East Indies." 
November 20 — "Australia." 
November 27— "The South Sea Islands." 

In addition to those listed in the regular courses, five special 
entertainments were given for children. These were as follows: 

January 9 — A Lecture "My Bird Friends." 

Mr. Jack Miner. 
February 20 — Washington's Birthday Program. 
April 29— "Trailing African Wild Animals." 

December 4 — "Grass." 
December 11 — "Moana of the South Seas." 

Radio Talks. — Two radio talks were given by members of the 
Raymond Division. On August 19 Miss Fisher talked over WGN 
on "Bring Your Children to Field Museum," and on November 17 
Mr. C. P. Grant gave the lecture, "The Activities of Field Museum," 
over station WMAQ. 

Guide-Lecturers. — As in previous years, classes from public, 
parochial and private schools, clubs, conventions, and other groups 
were given free guide-lecture service. Lectures given in the Museum 
exhibition halls by the guide-lecturers were of three types: (a) 
informal talks on announced subjects before 145 groups totalling 


tUM and S i 


J Amm 

Ml MB 


four MBbt-rrt -•-?>• add^i :.. Km pmnl Uafbl win To the 

24 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Expedition. By Karl P. Schmidt. August, 1926. 10 
pages, 2 zincs. 

Pub. 238— Botanical Series, Vol. VI, No. I. Citrus Products, Part I. 
By James B. McNair. August, 1926. 212 pages, 7 half- 
tones, 19 zincs. 

Pub. 239— Zoological Series, Vol. XVI. Catalogue of the Edward 
E. Ayer Ornithological Library, Part I. By John Todd 
Zimmer. November, 1926. 366 pages, 7 halftones, 1 
colored plate. 

Pub. 240 — Zoological Series, Vol. XVI. Catalogue of the Edward 
E. Ayer Ornithological Library. Part II. By John Todd 
Zimmer. November, 1926. 341 pages, 4 halftones. 

Anthropology, Memoirs 

Vol. II, No. 1. Archaeological Explorations in Peru, Part I: Ancient 
Pottery from Trujillo. By A. L. Kroeber, Professor of An- 
thropology in the University of California. 1926. 44 pages 
quarto size, 4 zincs, 13 photogravures. 


Anthropology, No. 23. Ostrich Egg-shell Cups of Mesopotamia and 
the Ostrich in Ancient and Modern Times. By Berthold Laufer. 
52 pages, 9 photogravures, 10 text-figures, 1 cover design. 
Edition 6,013. 

Anthropology, No. 24. Indian Tribes of the Chicago Region. With 
special reference to the Illinois and the Potawatomi. By Wil- 
liam D. Strong. 36 pages, 8 photogravures. Edition 6,000. 

Botany, No. 12. Poison Ivy. By James B. McNair. 12 pages, 6 
half-tones, 1 cover design. Edition 6,104. 

Zoology, No. 8. Mammals of the Chicago Area. By Colin C. San- 
born. 24 pages, 3 halftones, 19 zincs. Edition 6,010. 

Zoology, Special Leaflet No. 1. Lion Spearing. By Carl E. Akeley. 
7 pages, 3 photogravures. Edition 5,000. 

Miscellaneous Publications 

Anthropology, Guide, No. 6 to the Ethnology of Polynesia and 
Micronesia. By Ralph Linton. 1926. 192 pages, 1 map, 59 
text-figures, 14 photogravures. 

Museum Manual. 92 pages. Edition 5,000. 

General Guide. 31 pages. Edition 2,536. 

- MM- 

""il DO t \ « • 

individual UMmul | «.- iitd aerial* rvravod * 

four buivim! '<r of card* 

Hh the vanoua cz.\ . 

'.he Job! 

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* al nun 

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26 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Hobson, The George Eumorfopulos collection catalogue of 
the Chinese, Corean and Persian pottery and porcelain. 

Meek, Northern tribes of Nigeria. 

Migeod, Through British Cameroons. 

Morgan, La pr£histoire orientale. 

Morse, The chronicles of the East India Company trade to 
China, 1635-1834, 4 volumes. 

Obermaier, Fossil man in Spain, 1925. 

Rutter, British north Borneo; an account of its history, re- 
sources and native tribes. 

Seler, Fray Bernardino de Sahagub. Einige kapitel aus seinem 
geschichtswerk wortgetreu aus dem aztekischen iibertragen. 

Siren, Walls and gates of Pekin. 

Strange, Chinese lacquer, 1925. 

Tanner, Chinese jade, ancient and modern. 

Williamson, Social and political systems of central Poly- 
nesia, 3 volumes. 

Flore des serres, 23 volumes. 

Griffiths, Palms of British East India. 

Hooker, Handbook of New Zealand, 1867. 

Pickering, Chronological history of plants. 

Rodrigues, Sertum palmarum Brazil. 

Davidson, British fossil brachiopods, 6 volumes, 1851-1886. 

Goldschmidt, Atlas der krystallformen, v. 1-9. 

Hodkin, Glass technology. 

Jeffrey, The earth. 

Whitbeck, Economic geography of South America. 

Walcott, Mary, North American flowers, de luxe edition. 

Anderson, Zoology of Egypt. 

Hugues, Storia naturale delle scimi. 

Maydon, Semen, its heights and abysses; a record of travel 
and sport in Abyssinia. 

Salt, A voyage to Abyssinia, 1814. 

Swayne, Trip to Somaliland. 

Ward, Record of big game, 8th edition. 

Friends of the Museum have been generous in their gifts to the 
Library, as in past years. In addition to the acknowledgments 
made at the time these gifts were received, and in the list of 
accessions accompanying this report, a further expression of appreci- 
ation is hereby made to all who have contributed to the collections. 

.. • ..■•'•. 

1 . . •.. 

lw-..»r.,v-r Vojngl I n<ie»-UnrtHalnt |*u- k r*»nl <!«• I'Kufvj*-, 

l'-v| Mum •*• . ••.' i- 
i Hi BOB I'.^'.-.i^i- 
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28 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Naumann, Naturgeschichte der land-und wasser-vogel des 

nordlichen Deutschlands, 4 volumes, 6 sup. in 4 volumes, 


As far as is known, these two sets are the only complete 

ones in this country. 
Orbigny, Voyage dans l'Amerique m^ridionale, 1835-1844. 
[Paulsen], Handbuch der ornithologie, 1846. 
Poeppig, Reise in Chile, Peru und auf dem Amazonstrome, 

Poey, Repertorio fisico-natural de la isla de Cuba, 2 volumes, 

Piso, Historiae rerum naturalium Brasiliae libri octo, 1648. 
Risso, Histoire naturelle des principales productions de 

l'Europe m^ridionale, 1826. 
Temminck, Manuel d'ornithologie, 1815. 

From the Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition the 
Library has received one hundred and forty-four works of except- 
ional value to all the members of the expedition, as they will be 
immediately useful in identifying and classifying the material 
collected. Some of these publications have been desired by the 
Library for years, and could be obtained only by the personal efforts 
of members of the staff while in Brazil. Special acknowledgment is 
due to Mr. Karl P. Schmidt and Dr. B. E. Dahlgren for the efforts 
made to secure these publications. 

From contemporary societies and institutions have been received 
the usual number of publications by exchange. A number also have 
been received from various Russian societies whose activities were 
in abeyance for some years and which are now re-establishing 
exchange relations. In addition, a number of current issues were 
obtained through the Society of Cultural Relations with Foreign 
Countries. A number of new exchange arrangements, both domestic 
and foreign, have been effected during the year. 


Anthropology.— The work of cataloguing in the Department of 
Anthropology has been continued as usual during the current year, 
the number of catalogue cards prepared totaling 1,928. These cards 
are distributed geographically for the accessions during the year as 
follows: North American archaeology and ethnology, 132; South 


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30 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

year for additions to the exhibits in the Hall of Plant Life, and 
for the palms, oils, starches, etc., in Hall 25. 

Geology. — Cataloguing of the Borden collection of invertebrate 
fossils has been continued as opportunity offered. This work has 
included identification of each specimen, no entry being made until 
it was known to be based on a satisfactory determination. The 
number of specimens added in this way to the catalogue during the 
year was 3,052. The cataloguing of this collection to date has 
recorded most of the brachiopods, almost all of the blastoids and a 
large number of the corals and crinoids. Of invertebrate fossils and 
fossil plants received during the course of the year, 346 specimens 
were catalogued. Of these, 167 were collected by Assistant Curator 
Roy, 137 were obtained by exchange, 3 were purchased and 33 were 
gifts. A total of 3,445 specimens of fossil plants and invertebrates 
was thus catalogued during the year. The cataloguing of the verte- 
brate fossils collected by the Captain Marshall Field South American 
Expeditions in 1922-1923 was continued, about 1,000 specimens being 
entered. These included about 300 specimens of fossil cones and 
branches of Araucaria. In cataloguing these specimens, they were 
grouped according to locality and geological horizon. Of the collec- 
tions made by Associate Curator Riggs in South America 310 speci- 
mens were catalogued. All other accessions were catalogued as 
received, including 40 specimens for the Chalmers collection. The 
total number of specimens catalogued during the year was 5,186. 

To the Department photographic albums, 262 prints were added 
and, for the most part, labeled. The total number of these prints in 
the Department albums is thus increased to 5,233. Seventy topo- 
graphic maps of the United States Geological Survey were added to 
this series, making a total of 3,063 U. S. G. S. maps. So far as pos- 
sible, brief descriptive labels were made of the added maps and filed 
with them. 

From the printer, 463 labels were received and distributed. Of 
these, 279 were for the amber and mineral collections, 71 for the gem 
collection, and 74 for exhibits in Stanley Field Hall. Ten labels were 
installed with the cement plant model in order to define the different 
units of the model. They were placed below the corresponding ob- 
jects in such a manner as to identify them without interfering with 
the view of the model as a whole. In order to harmonize with the 
case, they were printed in gilt on mahogany. The number of labels 
written was 312, and of these, five were descriptive, being explanatory 

t I ' r 

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32 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

of colored glass beads, a pair of seal-skin breeches trimmed with red 
leather and decorated with designs cut out of colored leather strips, 
and two pairs of seal-skin boots with leather-applique" designs and 
embroidered ornaments. This material was obtained by him when 
he was leader of the Crocker Land Expedition. 

The collection received from the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic 
Expedition, made by Commander Donald B. MacMillan in large 
part, is from the Greenland Eskimo with a smaller collection from the 
Labrador and Baffin Land Eskimo. The material from the Green- 
land Eskimo, chiefly of the northwest coast, contains many of the 
beautiful feather mats made by these people. A very large blanket 
of the type made for the royal family of Denmark, composed of vari- 
colored skins of many sea-birds is especially notable. Another out- 
standing acquisition is a completely outfitted Greenland kayak, 
about 16 feet long, equipped with bone-tipped paddle, harpoon, 
throwing-stick, killing lance, seal-skin float, and bone rack for har- 
poon line. The prow, keel and cockpit of the boat are likewise made 
of bone. In addition to the above, the collection contains carved 
wooden models of natives in full costume, bone and steatite carvings 
of animals, models of kayaks showing their construction, models of 
snow-huts, clothing, utensils of daily life, and hunting equipment. 
The above are all made by Eskimo craftsmen and many of them are 
old and rare pieces. The Labrador Eskimo are represented by fur 
clothing, boots, basketry and utensils of daily life. Many of the 
Greenland and Labrador specimens are of interest, since they show 
the results of recent development of the people in their adoption of 
European ideas. The beautiful costumes of the Greenland Eskimo, 
with the intricately designed beadwork collars added to the native 
mode of dressing, are good examples of this modern tendency. 
Similarly, the skilful wood-carving of the Eskimo craftsmen shows a 
high degree of artistic merit and exactness in reproducing their 
models, both human and animal. 

The purchase of some fifty odd specimens characteristic of the 
Winnebago Indians from Mr. Oliver La Mere completes the Museum 
collections for this tribe. Mr. La Mere is a highly intelligent Winne- 
bago, who has himself written about his own people and has also 
rendered much useful assistance to ethnologists. The present col- 
lection, brought together by him during many years at Winnebago, 
Nebraska, is very complete and provided with good data. The most 
interesting feature is the war-bundle of the Thunder Clan with its 
varied contents. Wrapped in the old native matting are the objects 


■ • ■ 

tag Uw hghUMac. < 

. r ... , , 




tiM ■ 

•V<f~* ' ' ./• f 


•» t) 

34 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Two shrunken heads, a male and a female, from the Jivaro, 
Ecuador, were presented by President Field. A collection of 122 
prehistoric implements like stone axes, celts, flints, pot-sherds, and 
animal bones from Argentina and Bolivia was brought back by the 
First Captain Marshall Field Paleontological Expedition to Argen- 
tina and Bolivia. 

A total of 1,023 objects was received from Professor A. L. Kroeber 
as the result of the Captain Marshall Field Second Archaeological 
Expedition to Peru. The collection consists of 353 pieces of pottery, 
201 lots of pottery sherds as found in graves (many broken pieces 
will assemble into complete vessels), 16 clay objects like figurines, 
spindle-whorls, and panpipes, 4 metal pieces, 107 lots of skulls and 
skeletal remains, 153 textiles, 42 objects of wood, and many minor 
objects of stone, shell, and bone. The painted pottery is especially 
noteworthy, and will form the key collection for the classification 
of all Nazca pottery in other museums. A small ethnological col- 
lection consisting chiefly of clothing, spindles, slings, etc., was 
made by Professor Kroeber among the Indians of Huancayo, 
Province of Huancay, Peru. 

An interesting collection from New Zealand of 139 prehistoric 
stone and bone implements like adzes, arrow-points, spear-points, 
drill-points, needles, fish-hooks, and flakes was obtained through 
exchange with the University Museum of Otago, New Zealand. 
Twenty-four mats of so-called New Zealand flax were ordered for the 
floor of the Maori Council-house in Hall F, and were obtained 
through the good offices of Mr. J. McDonald, Director of the 
Dominion Museum, Wellington, New Zealand. 

A very instructive collection of fifty chipped stone implements 
from the extinct aborigines of Tasmania, Australia, was received in 
exchange with Mr. B. H. Whittle, a resident and collector of the 
island. On account of their primitive character, these implements, 
which were gathered on ancient camp sites, may be likened to the 
crudest productions of the earliest paleolithic stages. The Tas- 
manians did not haft their implements or weapons, and were ignorant 
of the hafted stone axe and the stone-tipped spear; they did not 
advance beyond the rudely chipped scraper and the primitive flaked 
knife. These are even devoid of symmetry, and are merely flakes of 
suitable material, usually chert or quartzite, and were simply held 
in the hand. 

The Arts Club of Chicago presented the Museum with five 
remarkable primitive wood carvings, the figure of a bearded old man 



fifurr of .. r.>*l* »v»a\Ai'. (ten the !.,.-. i *..••. WMM V' * *' 

The »rck utf oJlc«-*.;n* t • . ' <- ' Mir-'.., I i : l i «■> : .'..•. 

li> \!*dafM*~.i* !.^» b<M Vi''. ■" '..' »» ''• ■' ' •■' -»■• 

■ • " ' ■' 

■n. kmtir- 

1 tbmtid 

b no longv m» 

a" ;.r> .- r. ..< ,• .. •• ■'. i.- »), «.• n .-. ! for fis .11 • 1 • ..-> a>*- 

' .Ann hwiii. ■ 

fW-..l «.?...' ■ •>•• .:■••...•..« -: I- ■•■ >...*i . .ir<- »•. I! ij ■■• 

36 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

were bought from Radaniel, the last of the Betsileo chiefs. A 
remarkable black jar, decorated with bold designs in applied strips 
of clay, and a cream-colored bowl, decorated with designs in red, 
represent the high points in their pottery making. Some jewelry was 
also obtained, including old silver beads of a peculiar type, massive 
silver neck-chains, and old coral and silver ear-rings. The material 
culture of the Sianaka on Lake Alaotra is much simpler than that of 
the Betsileo. Their artifacts are well made, but are limited to a few 
forms. They do some very clever carving of figures in the round. 
Weaving has been entirely abandoned, but they make the best mats 
in Madagascar. About 250 specimens were collected, the most 
important objects being a number of very fine mats, carved miniature 
paddles (formerly a badge of rank), a set of silver jewelry belonging 
to the family and worn only at weddings and funerals, and a fine 
collection of charms and sacred objects, including two sorcerer's 
staves. Dr. Linton reports he was lucky enough to get also a few 
examples of the ancient weaving in raffia and one piece of wild silk 
fabric different from anything seen by him elsewhere. Three small 
shoe-shaped jars, used by witches and medicine-men for brewing 
potions, are of especial interest inasmuch as they are identical with 
a type of pottery found in the ruins of the southwestern United 
States. The Sianaka collection is practically complete. A good 
collection of raffia cloths made by the Betsimisaraka was obtained, 
together with one of the crude treadle looms on which they are now 
woven. This type of loom is a rather recent innovation, the idea 
having been taken from the Arabs. The older type of loom is iden- 
tical with the Hova one. Specimens of all the utensils in ordinary 
use were collected, also various musical instruments, a paddle, fish 
traps of two types, etc. From the Tsimahety, whose ancient culture 
is simple but is still almost intact, no weapons were obtained, for 
the natives feared that if such things were shown to the collector 
they would be seized by the government, but the collection is other- 
wise nearly complete. The most important native products are very 
strong, flexible baskets of raffia, and raffia cloths for lambas and 
skirts. The cloths are often mixed with cotton, either commercial 
or native, and are the finest seen so far. Lambas are usually in 
natural color, a light tan, with broad striped borders. They are 
traded as far as Tananarive and bring high prices. A black, graphite- 
coated pottery of good grade is made, and there are a few cleverly 
carved staves or canes. The mats of the Tsimahety are identical with 
those of the Sianaka, although usually somewhat coarser. They still 
make considerable use of charms, a fine collection of which was 






a ° 

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r not DlHB 

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38 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

remarkable for the beauty and harmony of its color scheme. Both 
tapestries are authentic and high-grade examples of the Kien-lung 
period (1736-95). An old Chinese silk fan painted with a landscape 
and inscribed with a poem was presented by Mr. S. H. Mori, Chicago. 
Mr. Linus Long of Chicago presented an ivory statuette of the Ming 
period (1368-1643), personifying the statesman and sage Tung-fang 
So. To the interest and generosity of Mrs. George T. Smith is due a 
remarkable collection of South Chinese beadwork consisting of 158 
objects. These comprise money belts, pouches, spectacle-cases, 
baby caps, slippers, and various small pieces for dresses, all deco- 
rated with delicate, colored cut glass beads which are sewed onto a 
foundation of cloth or velvet, forming elaborate patterns of flowers, 
fruits, birds, animals, and human figures. It was not known hereto- 
fore that the Chinese had ever cultivated this art industry on so large 
a scale and with such great success. 

Mr. Edward E. Ayer, with discriminating taste, added thirty- 
four interesting objects to his collection of pewter, twenty-seven 
of which are Chinese. A dish exquisitely shaped into the form of six 
graceful lotus-petals and exhumed from a grave, dates in the Tang 
period (a.d. 618-906), and is one of the most artistic pieces of the 
collection; the corrosion resulting in numerous earth-incrusted pits 
of the surface is an index of its burial underground for considerable 
time. A tea-jar of the eighteenth century is decorated with a scene 
in negative standing out from a background of punched designs. 
Two very fine trays of the Ming period (1368-1643) are inlaid with 
elaborate decorations in brass. To the same period belongs a wine- 
pot shaped as a carp rising above the waves which are engraved 
along the base. A covered dish is fitted all over with coconut shell 
skilfully carved in concentric zones with eight symbols of good luck, 
four phoenixes, dragons, carp, and lotuses in baskets. Four pre- 
sentation tea-jars, Japanese workmanship of the eighteenth century, 
are decorated in gold, red, brown and green lacquer, the gold lacquer 
design spread over the covers and shoulders being suggestive of a 
gold brocade cloth tied with a tasseled red cord. Another jar of the 
same type is decorated all over with a composition of etched chry- 
santhemums. A hot-water pan of pewter made at Strasbourg in 1858 
is a quaint survival of bygone days. A pewter medal or token issued 
by the Continental Congress in 1776 is presumably the only one of 
its kind. Its obverse shows the rising sun reflecting its rays upon a 
dial and accompanied by the device, "Mind your business. Con- 
tinental Currency 1776." The reverse bears the legend, "American 


I £-r^ Weil**.** afldftCkki .-_;■.',.•'•..• ••cr: ...i- r-j !; 

7 -■ 


oOartioa of 

jnarotw crrttnor dagger*. ** 


r»| hufidral buj. * ihiipr jo*. 

•hxrh »rr. •.•■■•: v.. •• •..-.. <kad aad attached m arnuiMritA i.i the 

gr»»t«-riu'.l«. -^ .it ■'...!.«■ P T-t:»» lad tflbH •> rvh nunc of .:.f r- 
ttjkl ■■-. on l< ' A/"! :!.>'..'.' o y. MM rviijfi >' 1 (us .iiiuliir 

bruught lotfrtin • 
.* ?<•-■ . • ChiMH aalHlan 

thr OowmrsU Mmmmb ' '•--■ ■'••; •• ■ ■•' ••'•'• • .<« , ..,r 

40 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

pottery definitely identified as Naraban, which he presented to Field 
Museum as a mark of his appreciation. One of these, a small jug 
coated with a brown-black glaze, was obtained by him at Taiping, 
Formosa, and is believed to have been produced by some kiln in 
Kwang-tung or Fa-kien Province in southern China. The other 
piece, a slender jug with a brown iron glaze, was turned out in 
imitation of old Namban by Mizuno Juzan, a potter still living at 
Tokunabe near Nagoya, Japan. 

Mr. William E. Hague of Chicago presented a very interesting 
statue five feet high, representing Yama, the god of death of Tibetan 
Lamaism. Partly of wood and in part of papier-maeh£, it is 
preserved in its original colors and is a striking example of expressive 
and vivid sculpture. Two Lamaist paintings are the gift of Mr. and 
Mrs. Fred L. Mandel, Chicago. 

The collections received this year as the result of the Field 
Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Kish consist of 315 
objects, including many pottery jars, plain, glazed, and painted; 
many implements of stone, bone, shell, and bronze, and twenty- 
five skulls which were restored by Mr. Talbot Rice and Mr. 
L. H. Dudley Buxton, Lecturer in Physical Anthropology at the 
University of Oxford. The collections also include many finely 
wrought gold and carnelian beads, cylinder-seals of lapis lazuli, 
onyx, and carnelian, and fine clay statuettes of mythological figures 
and animals; among the last mentioned there is the bas-relief of a 
lion of very high artistic quality. 

A small collection of paleolithic flint implements numbering 
approximately a hundred from quarries near Abbeville and Amiens 
on the Somme Gravels, France, was presented by Mr. Henry Field. 
These were collected and acquired by Professor Abbe" Breuil and Mr. 
Field during an examination and study of these terraces. There are 
some typical Chellean coups-de-poing and a few excellent Levallois 
flakes in this lot. As these quarries are practically exhausted, 
collections from this area become increasingly valuable. 

Thirty-five chalcolithic flint implements found at Kish, Mesopo- 
tamia, and a collection numbering approximately a hundred quartz- 
ite implements of the Chellean age from the Taivilla-Tapatanilla 
site which lies between Algeciras and Cadiz in Southern Spain, are 
likewise gifts of Mr. Henry Field. These were collected by Professor 
Breuil, Miss Dorothy Garrod, and Mr. Field during an expedition 
into the mountains to examine some of the painted caves and rock- 
shelters. The hardness of the material makes the results appear 


1 _•*■-_ »' ■-?-*. .i^r-? 


wr nwunal and addiuoa* 

fcttl ^xpcdiuoa o! ' 


42 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

J. R. Churchill of Dorchester, Massachusetts, kindly contributed 
150 sheets, of northern New England species which are examples of 
all that an herbarium specimen should be. A gift of 127 Texas 
and Arizona specimens from the collector, Mr. G. Eifrig of River 
Forest, Illinois, also deserves special mention. 

Further gifts during the year were 1 herbarium specimen, Mrs. R. 
Clarkson, Chicago; 4 herbarium specimens, Mr. C. Groneman, Elgin, 
Illinois; "silver leaves," Mr. J. A. Hynes, United States Appraisers' 
Office, Chicago; 1 specimen Psoralea glandulosa, Dr. G. Montero, 
Museo Nacional de Chile, Santiago; some specimens of Ephedra, 
Mr. L. W. Nuttall, Philipsburgh, Pennsylvania; reproduction of a 
mushroom, Mr. L. L. Pray, Chicago; 1 herbarium specimen, Dr. J. 
N. Rose, Washington, D. C; 2 herbarium specimens, Professor R. 
Thaxter, Cambridge, Massachusetts; 4 herbarium specimens, Dr. 
Percy Wilson, New York Botanical Garden, New York City. 

The cooperation of the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States 
Department of Agriculture has been of great importance in securing 
material for new exhibits of grains, and has resulted directly or 
indirectly in the following gifts: 23 varieties of corn grown by 
American Indian tribes, from 0. H. Will & Company, Bismarck, 
North Dakota; 6 ears of Silver King corn from Mr. I. M. Holder, 
Laurens, Iowa; 6 ears of Hickory King corn from Mr. L. S. Mayer, 
State Experiment Station, Knoxville, Tennessee; 6 ears of Neal's 
Paymaster corn from W. H. Neal, Lebanon, Tennessee; 6 ears of 
Reid's Yellow Dent corn from Mr. R. Redfern, Yarmouth, Iowa; 
7 ears of Oreole corn and 7 ears of Calhoun Red Cob corn from the 
State Agricultural Experiment Station, Baton Rouge, Louisiana; 
and 6 ears of White Kent corn from Mr. F. K. Crandall, State 
Agricultural Experiment Station, Kingston, Rhode Island. 

A collection of heads of 37 varieties of wheat grown in the United 
States and corresponding packets of the grain have been received 
from the Bureau of Plant Industry. From the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics have been obtained 11 trays illustrating the official 
grain standards of the United States. This constitutes a valuable 
acquisition. This exhibit, which has required a great deal of pains- 
taking work to prepare, shows the criteria employed in grading 
grain (that is, the 5 classes and 17 subclasses, the factors of color 
and texture, the 7 damage types, the 10 types of foreign material) ; for 
oats, 10 types illustrating the color classification and grading factors. 
There are also included 9 classes of grain sorghums and the 3 
classes and 7 grading factors for corn. Twenty heads and seed 

gntM * ' ' r ■ 

' ■ 

\hr \ i 


- -l » niattlur* modd <■ 

Uj* Im^MI *V.ur :r.:.i jr. '.he ■arid. It »» Of Ifl 

«m sugar from 


«a(i lag at irtni 
hjM bnm givaa by 

lv*i^: s Cat p»f;> ]• 'ubvgb, P 

U~ U.-. . Mit in 

44 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Palm material has been increased by the following gifts: 11 
species of palm fruits from Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator of 
Botany; 2 palm leaves from Garfield Park Conservatory, Chicago; 
9 varieties of palm fruits and seeds from Professor S. J. Record, 
New Haven, Connecticut. 

The accessions accredited to expeditions are as follows: 

Dr. A. Weberbauer collected 546 specimens in southern Peru 
early in the year under the Captain Marshall Field Fund in con- 
tinuation of the Peruvian botanical exploration work commenced in 
1922. Further details regarding this and other accessions are given 
under the heading "Expeditions." 

Dr. F. W. Pennell, Plant Curator, The Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia, obtained 1,711 specimens under the 
Captain Marshall Field Fund, in Peru, Bolivia and Chile. 

Mrs. Agnes Chase, Associate Agrostologist, United States Bureau 
of Plant Industry, Washington, D. C, collected 1,173 specimens of 
grasses of Brazil. 

The Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition contributed 
a large quantity of material not yet accessioned. 

Mr. Weed, Assistant Curator of Fishes, secured 100 specimens of 
Greenland plants on the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition. 

It is possible to make special mention only of the larger or more 
important collections received in exchange during the year; for 
example, 500 rare or otherwise significant Newfoundland s"3cimens 
from Frere Marie Victorin, University of Montreal, Canada; 500 
very valuable sheets from the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris; 
566 specimens, constituting an important addition to the represen- 
tation of European plants, from the National Museum of Wales, 
Cardiff; 167 interesting specimens of various regions from the United 
States National Museum; 200 Idaho plants, most desirably augment- 
ing the collection from that state, as yet very imperfectly rep- 
resented, from Dr. C. Epling, University of California, Southern 
Branch; 100 excellent examples of middle European flora from 
the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest; 100 desirable speci- 
mens from the Imperial Forestry Institute, Oxford University, 

As usual the yearly purchases were of collections either signifi- 
cant because of the rarity of the plants, or their inadequate represen- 
tation in the herbarium. Particular mention may be made of 600 
sheets collected by Mr. Jose" Steinbaeh in Bolivia, continuing his 
work in that country; 200 sheets from Dr. Oscar Burchard, Tenerife, 

. tub. 

at iwfrxt' ;>-*..» BVH >»" A 1 ! i INI .■: .; .• . . . > 


■ram punt tfBtt '•'• «. i 

-ij*r mmim at hn rrgui 

- e mam) coOartKML. 1 1 • - _*kd » »i • lead 

atnc&ni " i«.*ir*i», ar# i>f *.hr laipHl know! ••.. , .'.\ 

Joaa Kutkir.. ■ pnhaSr 

aad -•• rtJ . s-. »ad. in .v. . .:. • numcruu* •ptontrn* of ran- ><r 
' ' ■ '1 BMIMnkv OtbaT tl 

■M era at 


afeoanag fa» 

Jacob*, i* aa* of »ffy .'<-» turn ?,-• 

Th» (BOi- 

;■ «i». found near 

46 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

zona. This was found about a hundred feet distant from the 3,300 
pound mass obtained by the Museum in 1924 and presents character- 
istics which indicate that it belonged to the same fall. These two 
masses constitute the entire amount of the fall so far known, and 
its large total amount (4,800 lbs.) makes it a notable acquisition. 
Another specimen purchased for the meteoric collection was one 
weighing 614 pounds, of the Queen's Mercy, Africa, fall, which 
took place April 30, 1925. 

From expeditions some material has been received, although 
much that was collected during the year has not yet arrived. From 
the Third Asiatic Expedition, carried on in cooperation with the 
American Museum of Natural History, there was received a valuable 
collection of dinosaur eggs and fossil dinosaur and mammal skulls. 
Of these, six dinosaur eggs were in series in a matrix and one was of a 
larger species. There were also received from this Expedition a 
skull and a partial skeleton in matrix of the dinosaur Protoceratops. 
These remains were found in the vicinity of the dinosaur eggs. A 
fine skull and jaws of the large Asiatic titanothere, Dolichorhinus, 
were also received from this Expedition. This species was much 
larger than the related American forms and certain features indicate 
that the Asiatic species was intermediate in character between 
those of the American Eocene and the more advanced ones of 
Oligocene age. 

From the collections made by Assistant Curator Roy in eastern 
New York, 461 specimens were received. Of these 41 were inverte- 
brate fossils of the Cambrian period, 321 were graptolites and other 
fossil invertebrates of Ordovician age, and 57 were fossil plants and 
remains of trees of Devonian origin. Among the latter were natural 
casts of two stumps of trunks 14 and 18 inches in diameter and many 
impressions of branches and rootlets of these and other trees. 

From the Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition, 106 
specimens of gold, aluminum and manganese ores and specimens 
illustrating tropical weathering, all collected by Associate Curator 
Nichols, were received and, in addition, 136 specimens of agate, 
amethyst, the so-called water geodes, and varieties of granite from 

From the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition 579 speci- 
mens of Labrador and Greenland rocks were received. These in- 
cluded about 20 large specimens illustrating geological phenomena. 

Zoology. — The zoological acquisitions were both valuable and 
quite numerous, the number of specimens accessioned being 14,697. 

ladate I Ml warn •• ■-» • -.;••:•" *4i raptD» -• 


!,«.._ , . . 

Anaooa. and ' 



■Ida •&: 

48 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

of specimens so far received from the Conover-Everard African 
Expedition were 82 mammals obtained in Tanganyika Territory. 
Among the desirable species contained in this collection are two speci- 
mens and an embryo of Abbott's Duiker, a diminutive antelope 
twenty-eight inches in height that is new to the collection. By 
means of the Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition 362 
mammals were received. This acquisition includes a good series of 
small rodents from the state of Rio de Janeiro and from Missiones; 
two species of the rare Mouse Opossums; a number of topotypes of 
Darwin's Uruguayan mammals; a Capybara, Marsh Deer and a 
fine Jaguar, collected by Mrs. Marshall Field; and an adult and a half 
grown Giant Anteater which will form a basis for a group of these 
odd animals. In Labrador and Greenland, the Rawson-MacMillan 
Subarctic Expedition obtained 52 mammals, among which were a 
number of small rodents, a Blue Fox and the skin and skeleton of 
a Walrus. On the coast of Washington, another Captain Marshall 
Field Expedition secured 5 Hair Seals and 11 Sea Lions, and in the 
Kaibab National Forest 7 specimens and accessories were obtained 
for a group of Mule Deer. 

In the division of birds 8 specimens were received by exchange, 
152 by gift, 1,941 by purchase, and 1,723 were obtained by expedi- 
tions. The most noteworthy species acquired by gift were: 4 Ducks 
from Illinois and Louisiana, from Mr. James M. MacKay; 14 Amer- 
ican birds, from an anonymous donor; 2 Gray Partridges and 6 Red 
Grouse from England, which were collected and presented by Mr. 
W. J. Clegg; and a welcome donation of 83 birds of Labrador and 
Greenland from Mr. Rowe B. Metcalf. A crayon portrait of the 
noted ornithologist, Robert Ridgway, was an appropriate gift from 
the Ridgway Ornithological Club, Highland Park, Illinois. The 
acquisitions by purchase were exceptionally large and important. 
A collection of 1,482 birds from Argentina, a country from which the 
Museum formerly had only a limited number of species, was espe- 
cially valuable, as was the purchase of 326 birds from Maranhao 
and Goyas, Brazil. Another purchase of 88 birds from Europe and 
Asia Minor was made in order to fill certain gaps in the collection. 
The ornithological results of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic 
Expedition were most gratifying, inasmuch as many rare specimens 
and numerous species new to the collection were among the 552 
birds obtained in the little known countries of Kashmir and Tur- 
kestan. The 528 birds obtained in a surprisingly short time by the 
Captain Marshall Field Expedition to southern Brazil likewise con- 


k ** 


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of morv 

»£..! «•?.'. <r- M.»- • ■ ' • 

til mtTtrm >'( r%t* <M DUTj* MM 

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tioBcffUrai <-sx» IHi '■■■ • '•-"" 

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50 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Except one lot of 38 specimens, all of the 256 reptiles and am- 
phibians received by gift were examples of species of the United 
States. The largest acquisitions made in this manner are as follows: 
79 specimens from Florida, donated by Dr. T. Van Hyning, Director 
of the Florida State Museum in Gainesville, Florida; 63 Wisconsin 
specimens from Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt; 19 from Louisiana from Mr. 
L. S. Frierson, Jr.; 15 from Indiana, collected and presented by 
Mr. 0. Parks; a donation of 11 California specimens from Mr. A. G. 
Wells; and 38 from China, donated by Professor C. Ping in the 
University of Amoy. To render the Museum's series of North 
American reptiles and amphibians more complete, 233 specimens 
from Arkansas and Florida were purchased. By purchase, there was 
also acquired for the exhibit of snakes, a remarkably life-like re- 
production of the Redbanded Garter Snake. By means of the 
several expeditions 1,348 reptiles and amphibians were obtained. Of 
this number 992 were collected by the Museum's expedition in 
Central Africa. A collection rich in species and comprising 282 
specimens, among which is a series of the Paraguayan Crocodile, was 
made by the Captain Marshall Field Expedition in southern Brazil; 
and 70 desirable specimens were brought back from India and 
Eastern Turkestan by the James Simpson-Roosevelt Expedition. 

The accessions in the division of fishes were eight in number and 
totaled 3,475 specimens, of which 22 were received by gift, 393 by 
exchange, and 3,060 by expeditions. The specimens acquired by 
gift were 3 game fish, namely, an Amberjack, a King Mackerel and 
a Barracuda, from Mr. A. T. Millet; and a fine series of aquarium 
fishes bred and donated by Mr. William W. Foust in Barnegat, New 
Jersey. By an exchange for about 100 duplicate mounted fishes, the 
Museum received 393 authoratively named specimens from southern 
South America. This acquisition will facilitate the naming of those 
specimens obtained by the Museum's expedition in southern Brazil. 
Among the 2,137 fishes collected by the Captain Marshall Field 
Brazilian Expedition were a number of desirable species. The most 
noteworthy specimens are a series of the South American Lungfish, 
which has long been a desideratum for the division; a wide variety 
of the intensely interesting armored and climbing catfishes; and a 
series of one of the fresh water rays of the Parana-Paraguay basin. 
The number of specimens received from the Rawson-MacMillan 
Subarctic Expedition totaled 642 specimens. These include a series 
of trout from Labrador and Greenland, a series of Sticklebacks from 
the lakes, streams and tidepools, and a number of fish skeletons from 

1 1 • • - 

\ rf ' 

,<j*ie«i 11 • .'" a l*r 

from Miaou aao 

fiirimiiy : -.i '.-••. a bkmI raluabU eol •- 

C*ii IBB* 

d *«ri m mx>on». 4 moth* »rvl !4 DMtfai wt-rr »iilnj t.» ilw rull«* -• 

•nlicr.r.,- ipaaaMM wrrr 


1 €rf I' r '.'. .v . 






* •- 

I af 

rafeMolofi • ' 


wtoiocf >•' 

a • 

. •■ 

'. .- 

52 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

permits. The party left for Nazca on July 20 with a Ford and truck, 
accompanied by three of the old workmen. The distance is 530 
kilometers, which, on account of the nature of the road, is much 
more than that in miles. Dr. Tello's diggings at Paracas, where he 
recently discovered a new culture related to that of Nazca, were 
visited. Then the party crossed inland over the sand desert to lea 
and Huayuri, and in the latter valley worked two days at an ancient 
town of mining-camp type. A stratification trench was cut through 
a refuse pile two and a half meters deep, an unusual depth in Peru. 
The remains proved to be uniformly "Late lea," showing the camp 
to have been founded and abandoned shortly before the arrival of the 
Incas on the coast. The main undertaking of the expedition was a 
thorough archaeological survey of Nazca Valley, an area on the 
southern coast of Peru. The work here, including the journey, 
occupied the period from July 20 to October 15. A camp was 
established in a desert canyon, out of reach of malarial mosquitos, 
and about three miles from town. Excavations began July 31 at 
Ocongalla, in the open pampa or desert above the cultivated lands 
of the valley. The material proved to be very ancient, the bones 
being more decayed than any previously excavated in Peru, and cloth 
preserved only in traces. The expedition discovered, excavated, 
and carefully observed altogether one hundred and twenty graves 
which, plus material otherwise obtained, yielded an aggregate of a 
thousand objects. These objects proved to belong to seven dis- 
tinguishable styles of pottery art. The textiles, structures, and other 
objects accompanying the pottery classify correspondingly. These 
seven styles are no local variants, but in the main represent 
successive periods of Nazca culture. All of them are prehistoric, 
and in fact, the last of the seven is that of the Incas, whom the 
Spaniards found in control when they discovered the country. The 
order of succession of the seven periods gradually became clear from 
indirect evidence, which is too intricate to review here, but which 
leaves no reasonable doubt. While a great many specimens of the 
fine Nazca pottery and textiles have been collected in Peru, and some 
of these have found their way into museums in different parts of the 
world, the objects of these separate styles or periods have never been 
distinguished, with the result that these collections could not be 
interpreted. The observations made by the expedition in the field 
made possible a definitive classification which will apply not only to 
the collection formed by Field Museum, but to all others. In other 
words, so far as the Nazca culture — one of the most important 
cultures of prehistoric Peru — is concerned, the Field Museum 

O I 


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brr has aucvmkd tn ck» 

of th* af- ^ ' ' '."•■■ . i - . ' i [»>«»» |«ri'»r 10 DM UM1 ■ ■ ••' 

pniUr '. ■ (Ml ' • .» I '"r> <•? iVru f r .. ::. >uMAd PMffl Ml ' BMM 

?■'. -^ ■ < I'.tj »u»r J «>u*. u iliktini-t i-t»ntnl»jt. »ru to 

In* •dvmo 

m.4> I.- Mpoftod ' r • ■ . i '.r>. ('a;ilain»!i.iil 
.ri.J.-f the lmd«*> 

t/Ti 1 *<-« ■■HI !'• • - .:>'•!. ..1 IMH BO -'» > Hgpi ■ 
. .. . • ■ 

thenr ur '. -. - . 7 DMMMJi UM WOTtf of :•■■ :...■ .> MMOQ, l»t- 

■ikvo coumr 

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good offiartuiulM* ?•< cailo 
; th* north a/ th< 
dry mion. »».:ir work .. 

54 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

he remained there until April 30 in order to benefit from the great 
weekly fair. From Antsirabe he returned to Tananarive, remain- 
ing there until May 18. On that date he went by train to 
Andreba, at the lower end of Lake Alaotra, and the next day by riksha 
to Imerimandroso at the northern end of the lake. This place he 
chose as his headquarters, making short trips until June 10, when 
he returned to Andreba. He then traveled by train to Ambaton- 
drazaka on the northeast coast, where an annual fair was being held. 
On June 13 he returned to Tamatave, and waited until July 10 for 
the east coast steamer "Imerina," which was one month and five 
days behind the scheduled date for its departure. Leaving Tama- 
tave on July 10, he arrived at Maroantsetra in the Antongil Bay 
two days later, remaining there until July 21. During this time he 
completed his Betsimisaraka collections, which had been begun at 
Tamatave, and engaged bearers for the overland trip west. On 
July 26 he arrived at Mandritsara in the interior, having finished 
the first half of his journey across the island. The culture of the 
Tsimahety, the tribe about this locality, proved to be nearly the 
same as that of the Sianaka, among whom he had worked at Lake 
Alaotra, and therefore he curtailed his stay there, leaving on August 
5. He arrived at Antsohihy, on the west coast on August 9. 
From there he took a cattle steamer to Majunga on August 13, 
arriving at the latter place two days later. In September he left 
Majunga for Maravoay up the Betsiboka River and Kandreo, 
wending his way into the wild Sakalava country. Later he plans to 
strike south, doing the southeast coast and reaching the west coast 

Of the numerous tribes inhabiting the island, the Hova in and 
about the capital, the Betsileo in the central south, the Sianaka on 
Lake Alaotra, the Betsimisaraka on the east coast, the Tsimahety 
and Coast Sakalava of the north were thoroughly studied. Some 
very valuable information was obtained from old men in the various 
villages of the Tsimahety in regard to their tribal origin, that dealing 
with the Vazimba or first inhabitants being the most important. 
According to them, the Vazimba were the direct ancestors of most of 
their tribe. They lived in caves or dugouts in the clay hills, cultivated 
rice and fought with the blow-gun and axe. This would indicate 
that their culture was of Malayan rather than African origin. Later 
people from across the western water, that is Africa, intruded and 
conquered them, introducing the bow and arrow and probably 
cattle. An excellent description of the old bow and arrow was 


MpttWour of ptagu 


of r-AJ ««d i 


56 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

tion gathered by him points to some rather startling conclusions, and 
evidence is piling up that the Malay element was the first to occupy 
the island, although it has been universally believed that the abori- 
gines were Negroes. 

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition has now 
been in its fourth consecutive year at the vast ruins of ancient 
Kish, first capital of the earliest known civilization of Western Asia. 
After completing the great palace of the plano-convex bricks in 1925, 
the more serious task of excavating the enormous group of mounds in 
central Kish was commenced. Two stage towers of the early Sumer- 
ian period and at least three temples lie beneath the great range of 
hills now known to the Arabs as Ingharra, and under the name 
Harsagkalama to the ancient Babylonians. Operations at the larger 
of these towers or ziggurats were started with a force of a hundred 
and fifty men early in the season. The temples lie west and north 
of this tower. One of them was partially refaced in the age of Sargon 
(2750 B.C.) with better brickwork than the virginal, sun-dried brick 
of the Sumerian structure. Nothing seems to have been done to 
preserve this vast pile of solid brickwork, whose proportions have 
been found to be larger than any other similar structure in Baby- 
lonia excepting the "Tower of Babylon." Its enormous dimensions 
can only be estimated, but the length of the lower buttressed wall 
must approach 280 feet. Interesting burials were found near this 
wall; from one of them were recovered a fine stone mortar and pestle, 
a stone bowl containing perfectly preserved skeletons of two small 
fishes, and other objects. In the debris near the wall was found an 
elegant, tall censer stand made of baked clay, 27 inches high, deoo- 
orated with incised triangles. It has been restored from innumerable 
fragments by Mr. Ernest Mackay. Another building which was 
brought to light this year is a temple of Nebuchadnezzar, with walls 
standing 18 feet high. It is one of the best preserved in Mesopo- 
tamia. There is another large building of the period of Hammurabi 
(2100 B.C.) beneath it, and there are possibly earlier buildings at a 
still lower level. In the debris of the massive temple mound north- 
west of the stage tower was discovered a sculptured torso with feet 
and pedestal broken away and the head unfortunately lost. The 
statue is draped with a long embroidered mantle hung from the left 
shoulder and looped over the left arm, as it appears on the classical 
Sumerian statues of Gudea at Lagash. The right hand is folded 
over the left wrist— a pose unlike that of the previously known 
Sumerian custom of clasping the right hand with the left. On the 

.KTOKT or :.<■ iXftBCTOft. 

Igfcl K». «- " .iC'^.b: U •-.•-.;• -. sr.r- • r-- thrK^mU .• 

.» lUMV 
Lf»! lo thr V f..»l>in»l OUt 

•- -r 9000 fc .■:!'• 

I . • .-...■. 

•" • r% art dvrarktvd with a lo:< 


58 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Botany. — The Captain Marshall Field Botanical Exploration in 
Peru, begun in 1922, was continued during January, February and 
March of the year under review, in the Departments of Ayacucho 
and Huancavelica by Dr. A. Weberbauer. The season proved very 
unfavorable, however, for collecting, as the rainy period lasted longer 
than usual and trails were so badly washed out that in most cases 
they were impassable. Under these circumstances the collector had 
to confine his work largely to the more desert areas, where, even in 
favorable years, the vegetation is very sparse. Nevertheless he se- 
cured 135 numbers, mostly in duplicates of four each, some of which, 
when studied, will probably prove to be new to science. Many 
others represent species, either imperfectly known or collected but 
once before and hitherto unrepresented in any herbarium in this 

The trip of Dr. F. W. Pennell, Plant Curator of The Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, to Chile, Peru and Bolivia, spon- 
sored by the Academy, the New York Botanical Garden, Gray 
Herbarium and Field Museum, added 1,711 specimens to the 
herbarium. The majority of these are from Peru and constitute 
an invaluable addition to the Museum's collection of Peruvian plants, 
now the largest and most important in the United States. 

The Botanical Expedition of Mrs. Agnes Chase, Associate Agro- 
stologist, United States Bureau of Plant Industry, to Brazil, aided by 
the Captain Marshall Field Fund, conducted expressly for the field- 
study and collection of tropical grasses, yielded 1,173 specimens of 
this difficult group of plants, upon which Mrs. Chase is an 

An interesting collection of 100 well-prepared specimens of 
Greenland plants was made by Mr. A. C. Weed, Assistant Curator 
of Fishes, on the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition. 

The participation of the Department in the Captain Marshall 
Field Brazilian Expedition of 1926 resulted in a large quantity of 
botanical material being secured. Since the Department is not pre- 
pared to enter upon a course of general collecting in Brazil, the Acting 
Curator, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, and the two assistants who accompanied 
the expedition, viz. Messrs. J. R. Millar and George Petersen, di- 
rected their efforts to certain specific ends, that is, to increasing the 
palm collection, the economic collections, and exhibits of the Depart- 
ment by specimens and photographs. They also particularly aimed 
at obtaining material and studies of plants to be reproduced for the 
Hall of Plant Life in the Museum. The famous Botanical Garden of 


r aaignbarhood 'unuah*.; 



botanical «ybfc 1 »,»- i- r'.- • ; :• ; .-v. •■■ 
tad tao othar a parirn a n a. required the con* 

he oven «aa 
-ood. Itnad in pur d aabaatoa paper and h« 

:aMune» ..i re a an a 


■ • ..■ 

' - * ■ 

< ' nuvh ■ »■ ' ■ •■ «*■ ■ '■•'.-' ; ■ ' ■ •' * • ' "** • -* ' r • 

• hj'ft i» not only ibe n 

najrodMiiaa ' ■ ■*<«■ ri!..!..*.j ■..•.<- }■:.. . ' 1 ...• ■. i.'< »•-< 

60 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

The Museum wishes to record its indebtedness to Dr. Pacheco 
Leao, the Director of the Jardim Botanico of Rio de Janeiro, and his 
staff for innumerable courtesies and assistance provided, and also to 
his Excellence, Dr. du Pin e Almeida, Minister of Agriculture. 
Through the courtesy and interest of the latter, the Museum secured 
a series of scientific publications of the various bureaus and institu- 
tions of the Brazilian Ministerio d'Agricultura, Industria e Com- 

Geology. — Four expeditions made collections for the Depart- 
ment of Geology. Of these, two worked in South America, one 
covered some Arctic localities, and the fourth operated in the eastern 
part of the United States. The work in South America, performed 
by two Captain Marshall Field Expeditions, was conducted by 
Associate Curator Nichols and Associate Curator of Paleontology 

Associate Curator Nichols left Chicago early in June with the 
Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition. After reaching Rio de 
Janeiro, he separated from the main body of the expedition. He then 
engaged in collecting geological material in Brazil, Uruguay, Chile 
and Bolivia until his return to the Museum the last week in Decem- 
ber. Several hundred specimens, covering many mineral resources 
of South America were collected, as well as many choice minerals. 
In addition, 660 negatives were made, twenty-three of which 
introduce a new feature in depicting natural colors. In Brazil, 
advantage was taken of favorable conditions to make studies of the 
origin of laterite and of the formation of aluminum and iron ores. 
Observations on the geological effect of the rising of ground waters 
in the semi-arid regions of Brazil and in the extremely arid Atacama 
Desert were made, and the conclusions promise to be of scientific 

Visits were made to some of the principal gold, manganese and 
iron ore districts of Minas Geraes, Brazil. The chief studies and 
collections were made in the gold and manganese mines. Large 
deposits of aluminum ores were found under conditions exceptionally 
favorable for the study of the origin of such ores and of the nature 
and origin of laterite. Certain kinds of iron ore were also studied 
under unusually favorable conditions. Much light was thrown on 
some other geological phenomena of obscure nature. The next 
objective was the agate fields of Uruguay, which, although they 
supply most of the agate for the world's markets, seem to be 
little known. Several days were spent at Montevideo collecting 




-tags o • 

rartoMa At. •■**• ' ' c 

in had bom . 

- ( an 

an O 



M fanaral nature of th 

.» take; 

... .r.'.A.- 

62 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

minerals. Potrerillos is well within the Atacama desert and from here 
until Bolivia was reached, full advantage was taken of the oppor- 
tunity to study desert conditions and to secure specimens illustrating 
them. From Potrerillos to Chuquicamata the journey was by rail- 
road. At Chuquicamata, where the largest known deposit of copper 
ore in the world is located, ample collections were made of the 
brightly colored, unique ores of the mine and a number of the rare 
minerals associated with them. Trips were made from here into the 
desert which, at this place, is unusually dry. Specimens collected 
included excellent examples of desert varnish, sand-blasted pebbles, 
salt incrustations and other desert features obtainable in equal 
perfection in but few places. 

An expedition to the vicinity of the Indian village of Chiu-Chiu 
permitted studies to be made of the ruins of two pre-conquest Inca 
villages, and collections were made at an Inca pre-Spanish burial 
place. Also, photographs were taken of a series of pictographs on the 
walls of a canyon near the Indian village of Quebrada. At Chu- 
quicamata a valuable series of Inca material from the burial place at 
Chiu-Chiu was received by gift from Mr. Herman Eggers. 

On a side trip to the seashore at Tocopilla, some copper ores 
and other specimens were secured, as well as a few archaeological 
specimens from a large kitchen-midden. The nitrate establishments 
of the Atacama desert are nearly all shut down, but a visit was paid 
to the new Guggenheim nitrate plant at Coya Norte, which was 
preparing to produce nitrates and iodine by a new process on a very 
large scale. The specimens secured here were hermetically sealed in 
tin and it is hoped that they will be thus sufficiently protected from 
dampness to arrive in good condition. A few plates for color pho- 
tography were secured, and as many color photographs as the number 
of plates obtainable permitted were taken here and later in Bolivia. 
It is expected that these will serve as guides to the colorist in pre- 
paring lantern slides of desert scenery. 

This completed the work in Chile, and on November 4 Mr. 
Nichols, accompanied by Mr. Eggers as interpreter and guide, left 
by rail for Oruro, Bolivia, via Antofagasta. On the way, sulphur 
was collected at a number of places where it was being mined from 
volcanos, some of which are not entirely extinct. Borax from the 
borax lake at Cebollar and fossils from Patacamaya were also col- 
lected. At Oruro the two largest silver-tin mines of the district were 
visited. The expedition then left for the Caracolles tin mines on the 
east slope of the Andes, travelling by rail and automobile. In Cara- 

Ken* ■ 


rvt ■ 

■ '• 

■ • r. »u»;« :• 
the to' : ..• . • Al*il A-.-. • V.c 

' . ' ' • 

' - 

• .. 

64 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

by a representative of the Argentine National Commission, and 
three specimens of fossil mammals were set aside for the Argentine 
Government. Altogether, there were collected in this region, 181 
specimens of fossil mammals, 5 of fossil birds and 2 of fossil turtles. 
Among the fossil mammals there were secured a mountable skeleton 
of the large glyptodont, Doedicurus, a skull and half skeleton of 
Typotherium, and a skeleton of the ground sloth, Pronototherium. 
The latter was an animal about the size of a black bear. The acqui- 
sition of this specimen will give to the Museum the first mounted 
skeleton of this animal. Besides fossils, a number of recent mammals, 
reptiles and plants were collected by the party, and 300 negatives 
illustrating technical and popular phases of the work were made. 

The collection was conveyed over mountain and desert trails to 
the nearest shipping point and thence to Buenos Aires where it will 
be ready for export as soon as released by the customs authorities. 
The expedition then transferred its work to the Pampean Formation 
on the southern coast of the Province of Buenos Aires. 

From the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition a large 
number of specimens of rocks and minerals of the regions visited and 
many geological photographs were obtained. Dr. James H. C. 
Martens, the geologist of the Expedition, was assigned to the auxi- 
liary schooner Sachem. Wherever a landfall was made, he secured 
representative rocks and minerals. Some of the localities visited, 
especially in Labrador, have never been previously reported on by 
geologists, hence all the material obtained there was new to science. 
As far as possible, large specimens, suitable for Museum display 
were obtained. These chiefly illustrated rock structures and such 
geological phenomena as dikes, veins, folds and ripplemarks. Re- 
cording in detail the localities visited and specimens secured, the 
results were as follows: 

At two localities in Maine sets of specimens representing the prin- 
cipal formations outcropping were collected. The most complete 
and interesting of these were from the vicinity of Bar Harbor. 

In Nova Scotia, while little time was available for collecting, 
some good slabs of ripple-marked sandstone were obtained from 
Sydney, a specimen of conglomerate from near Baddeck, gypsum 
from the white cliffs at Big Harbor and glaciated pebbles from 
St. Peter. 

Near Curling, in the Bay of Islands, Newfoundland, a little more 
than a day was spent and specimens were collected illustrating the 
development of rock cleavage and jointing, the formation of veins, 


V,: wot i*w«.t . 1 41 of MSlMkli ■»* '■ b»»r ■-*- rxunttl »l 

mtmimti mt- '■ Ibe i*v 

*B) 1- • - 

itay oo • • ■•« of 



W » .' liie »S"r .s .. : .1- ami l»>'..'i OOBtt ' s 

.-.•:«• rr..:*cr.». i;o MM MN .««•• OOttartoi .-. I.i^r.i i >r 1 !»<-»- 

inrtu-i«*i dwUqraM labradarita and hyptratMM fp>m tfai »«•: •» 


b had loo* been kno* 

> |^trmw» I 1 . )Mi>ml H*nm«u of (i* »lu: 

id aabeatoa were also 

•co bland, aparimana were cv>ll<- 
■ wiurft 
jMiar ob that klaad waa «- 1 . 

<jf amall 

Until apabmam at the «Wl-k.t**wn na' 

ned frwn the K*k;tnut. the ahon eaad i<rv.r 

»]! MU - I '< .;; .' At lU-'fr. I^aJr) .» ».»..•*. •'.-.> ami \ cry 
rj« ■«■ .ayihing m. 

66 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

The total number of geological specimens obtained was 579, and 
the number of geological photographs made was 181. The photo- 
graphs illustrate chiefly such features as forms of icebergs, glaciers, 
glaciated surfaces, wave-erosion, atmospheric weathering and bed 
rock geology. 

Collecting of fossil plants and invertebrates was carried on by 
Assistant Curator Roy in the eastern part of the state of New York 
for two months during the summer. Especial attention was paid to 
the region about Gilboa, where, in connection with the construction 
of a large dam, unusual opportunities for procuring desirable speci- 
mens were afforded. The most important material obtained was the 
remains of the earliest known trees. These trees (Eospermatopteris) 
were related to seed-bearing ferns and grew to a large size. Stumps 
of trunks 14 to 18 inches in diameter were secured by Mr. Roy, 
as well as many specimens of rootlets, seeds, pinnules and branches. 
Specimens were also obtained of an early form related to the modern 
lepidodendrids or club mosses. These also grew at that time to the 
size of trees. The specimens secured included the remains of portions 
of trunks, seeds and branches. Mr. Hugh Nawn, the contractor 
operating at the locality, gave generous assistance toward securing 
desirable specimens. Neighboring localities, for example, Ryes- 
dorf Hill, Troy, Kenwood, Glenmont, Clarkesville, Stuyvesant, 
Schodak Landing, Greenfield, Hoyt's Quarry, Middlegrove, Rock 
Fall City, Snake Hill and Granville yielded specimens of inverte- 
brate fossils of earlier periods, in addition to other valuable material. 
At Granville, important specimens were obtained in the form of 
remains of the earliest known Discomedusans (Jelly-fishes). These 
specimens, which occur only in this locality, are regarded as the 
compressed bodies of lobed jelly-fishes, the lobes varying in number 
from 4 to 7. They occur in rocks of Middle Cambrian age and are 
thus among the earliest forms of life known. Four excellent speci- 
mens were obtained through the kind assistance of Mr. Gomer B. 
Williams. Other specimens of the Cambrian age procured included 
some of the large fossil sponge Cryptozoon, a number of trilobites 
and various brachiopods and mollusks. From the Ordovician shales 
at Glenmont, large numbers of well-preserved graptolites were col- 
lected. Other localities afforded Ordovician trilobites. 

The Museum artist, Mr. C. A. Corwin, spent eight days at 
Meteor Crater, Arizona, making color and topographical studies of 
that peculiar area. As is well known, this is a crater-like depression 
in an Arizona plain, where several hundred meteorites, all belonging 

it*. «7 

fall. kawbaaB foe 

■■■ ■ 
Maurn •*. nortiMMtam 

MM of i'. 


* Tbrnaopabi 

68 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

de Butantan, where the most comprehensive studies of snake venom 
and the treatment of snake bite are being made under the direc- 
tion of Dr. Vital Brazil, the founder of the Institute. From Sao 
Paulo the party went to Bauru in the heart of the State of 
Sao Paulo and, after collecting birds for two days, they began their 
trip by rail to the Paraguay River. Thanks to the facilities provided 
by the railway, the "Noroeste de Brazil," in the form of a private 
car and attached baggage-car, it was possible to make short halts 
for collecting at various places en route. A very productive stop of 
two days was made at Piraputanga, Matto Grosso, where the rail- 
road passes a range of hills and follows the Rio Aquidauna. 

At Porto Esperanca on the Paraguay River, after a rail journey 
of 1,400 kilometers, the party took the river steamer for Corumba, 
the important distributing center of this part of Brazil. Here a 
steam launch was engaged for the trip to Descalvados, the ranch 
and packing plant of the Brazil Land and Packing Company, where 
Mr. Cherrie had hunted with President Roosevelt in 1914. Mr. Jack 
Ramsey offered them the hospitality of the ranch and supplied ox- 
carts and horses for the hunting trip to the west, which consumed 
eight days. This trip was extremely interesting, passing through 
characteristic open grass-lands with islands of forest and marsh, where 
deer, jaguar and giant anteaters, as well as other game, were abun- 
dant. Near their second camp on this trip, Mrs. Field shot a fine 
jaguar. Two species of deer and two giant anteaters were also 
obtained in this region. Many interesting and desirable birds were in 
addition secured. 

On August 11 they returned to Corumba. The launch trip on 
the upper Paraguay was highly interesting. A number of capybara, 
a rodent about the size of a half grown pig, shot by Mrs. Field and 
Mr. Sanborn, and a fine series of the Paraguayan jacare, the local 
relative of the crocodile, were obtained. The bird life of the vast 
Paraguayan marsh was found to be remarkably rich and varied in 
number of individuals as well as species, and representative forms 
were collected along the route. 

On returning to Corumba, Mrs. Seton left the party to return to 
the United States via Chile and the west coast of South America in 
accordance with her original plan. The remaining members then 
spent ten days at Urucum, a locality south of Corumba where a bold 
range of manganese-bearing mountains rises to 3,000 feet above the 
surrounding level plain. This place proved an especially good local- 
ity for bird collecting. In the shafts of the abandoned manganese 



ftCM* :vtL ft 

C* 1 S* - ; •'. rr 

.-r- ' 

-jjnaa. uw reiMintimr 

Nfl to ! •• ' ' wnfMin 

.'. '.hr-..' 

■ ••• '-' I. 


,- ■ 

ndMriHd I Httka HI nlf-j^r »ar\r> c.f the vertebrate ' 

o< rTt»j :. r;. ii . \:.r 

70 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

The number of specimens obtained by the Captain Marshall Field 
Brazilian Expedition is 4,333. It includes: Mammals, 362; birds, 
648; reptiles and amphibians, 282; fishes, 2,137; insects, 846; other 
invertebrates, 58. 

A Museum expedition that assures the acquisition of many- 
desirable mammals, birds and other vertebrates of eastern and 
central Africa, is the Conover-Everard African Expedition. This was 
financed and undertaken by Mr. H. B. Conover, an associate in the 
Museum's division of birds, and Mr. R. H. Everard of Detroit. 
They were accompanied by Mr. John T. Zimmer, assistant curator 
of birds, who has had much experience in collecting in the Philip- 
pine Islands, New Guinea and South America. The expedition sailed 
from New York early in April, going first to London for additional 
equipment and then, via Paris, to Marseilles, where they embarked 
for Dar-es-Salaam on the coast of Tanganyika Territory. Using 
Dar-es-Salaam as a shipping point, on June 4 they went up the 
coast by steamer to Tanga, from which port a railroad extends in- 
land toward Mount Kilimanjaro. By means of the railroad up to 
Mombo and then by automobile, the party finally established a camp 
in the hills beyond Magamba at an elevation of 5,200 feet. 

The animal life at Magamba was found to be quite different from 
that of the lowlands. In this region Abbott's Duiker, a pigmy 
antelope, was supposed to be at home and, as it is a rare animal not 
represented in the Museum, great effort was made to collect it. 
With the aid of a local chief, about a hundred natives were assembled 
and requested to make a number of cleared lines up the mountain 
side. In three days four or five "drives" were made, the members of 
the expedition being stationed along each of the clearings while the 
natives drove through the thick forest, blowing horns and making 
other noise. The first day's drive was unsuccessful, but on the second 
day Mr. Zimmer secured an adult doe, and on the third day Mr. 
Conover obtained a nearly grown male. 

At Magamba the party stayed until June 29 and then made 
excursions and camps in various directions, finally reaching Mnazi, 
near the Kenya border at an altitude of 1,600 feet. Leaving Mnazi, 
July 18, they returned some distance for additional supplies and, 
chartering two motor lorries, they went southward across the coun- 
try to the central railroad at Mrogoro. After waiting here several 
days for a train, they went back to Dar-es-Salaam to repack and ship 
their collection. The specimens, results of their first trip, in the 


•ilK-h wrt* '.<JUT a.rln .jw» iM uftc cto**-'.^^. HI 1 -TJ-' t«M» 

■ .• L. 
. . . • . 

^Mriawnk «hi<-h ha* no' 

. . ■ 

Kr<r.v •.'•• MM raflrOHd bVHHH»J ■•■ L.... i .-..•. r •. ....i. UlOl a 

uumt ama 

ouirfD part if • aaria* of 

«oadvKlr>: anwaM "f tfci MaBHHH .»j j *hi>Jp -»n.i n -t |.m •. ,»r . 

Hi hituM of liar DapartmaM of Zooiafjr. pevartaalaai it wa» U 
of mMm mxn> orw and <fcavmhU ayaaman* of 

■aadkioi »♦.. h »^ bboi bobAhi taroafa' '•<- poor .- • . ! Mr 

« *paa w. The expr- 

Tla> aapadHiaa auaaf from WiaaMHat. M^ ■■« '•• 1 '■• '• < *•«»- 

■IITflJTy fh**""— ' 
ommaiaWr Roa 


-■ , 

Bailie i «-.r oral port in l.abraaV ■ 

•ad \hm » tkiky «* thms •-•» • I 

.•>• .c ki .r £ MrtMMjri i laa ••'••• ,r pal —Ian Mai 

72 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

the barren rocky coast, eleven stops of varying length were made 
in Labrador. On July 20, they arrived at Cape Mugford where, the 
conditions appearing favorable, they changed their course, passed 
through the ice pack off the coast of Labrador and in a few hours, 
were in the open waters and headed for Greenland. 

The first landing place in Greenland was at a little bay south of 
Sukkertoppen. Sailing northward, they visited Sukkertoppen, Akpa- 
miut, South Stromfiord and Simuitak. About noon of August 1 
they arrived at Godhavn, Disko Island, the farthest point north 
reached by the expedition, and on the following day they began to 
sail homeward. On their return trip, along the west coast of Green- 
land, they stopped at Egedesminde, Holstenborg and Sukkertoppen, 
but at the last mentioned place only long enough to load oil before 
sailing for Baffin Land. 

Reaching Baffin Land in a fog, they anchored in a little harbor 
behind Cape Haven and as soon as they were able to locate their 
position, August 15, they sailed for Labrador. A number of ports 
were again visited along the coast of Labrador as well as in Nova 
Scotia and Maine, and on September 1, twelve weeks after they 
started northward, the expedition returned to Wiscasset, Maine. 

On this expedition collecting was done, whenever possible, in all 
of the harbors visited. In this work the members of the passenger 
crew gave much valuable and appreciated assistance. Those who 
were fond of shooting obtained a sufficient number of birds in many 
ports in Labrador and Greenland to keep Mr. Hine constantly busy 
skinning and making color sketches. Wherever trips ashore could 
be made, collecting was done in streams, ponds and tide pools. When 
in port, hand lines were nearly always used over the sides of the 
boat. In Labrador trout was found in all of the streams flowing into 
the sea. It was of much interest to discover fishes living in many 
landlocked ponds high up on the islands along the coast of Labrador. 
As some of these ponds apparently freeze solid in winter, the ques- 
tion arises as to how the small species of fish manage to survive. 

The 1,811 zoological specimens obtained by this expedition in- 
clude : mammals, 52; birds, 158; bird eggs, 28; fishes, 642; insects, 
260; and invertebrates other than insects, 671. The acquisition of 
this collection is of particular value in that the Museum had pre- 
viously very few specimens from Labrador and Greenland. As 
w ould be expected, a large proportion of the birds obtained are 
w ater birds, many of which are urgently needed for the proper 
re _ installation of the exhibit of North American birds now under 



. ■ • • 

►p. k ftni 

<» Under *.*. 

. ■ , ■ . • • . ■ .. ■ - 

<>:.*. .. | ■! '.'..;'■• 

!*.*• ri;«rlit>on u». .«-: (r ■•••■ \.-* "l r t for LoodoO. fcplMbar ." 

%y> \>i \ ' m ' //'f! !•.. t~> »■ ■ > ,.' \.' 

>/\ «-** !«r* 

74 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

beautiful group of the Mountain Nyala — three males and two fe- 
males — a number of smaller antelopes, and a general collection of 
about 500 mammals and birds. The Mountain Nyala, which was 
obtained so quickly after they reached their destination, is a large, 
handsome antelope. This animal is so rare and difficult to obtain 
that it is represented only in the British Museum. With such a 
successful beginning, large and valuable returns from the Abyssinian 
Expedition are assured. 

An account of the movements and successful termination of the 
James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition was given in the 
Director's Report for 1925. Before returning to America however, 
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, accompanied 
by their wives, made several successful hunting trips in the central 
and upper provinces of India. On these trips they secured for the 
Museum more than thirty large mammals, including Swamp Deer, 5; 
Blackbuck, 4; Nilghaior Indian Blue Bull, 4; Hog Deer, 3; Spotted 
Deer, 2; Indian Boar, 2; Indian Gazelle, 2; Leopard, 1; Tiger, 4; 
Cheetah, 1; and Rhinoceros, 2. 

The total number of specimens secured by the Asiatic expedition 
is 1,017. Of this number 230 are mammals; 654 birds and bird 
eggs; 70 reptiles and amphibians; and 63 insects. This important 
acquisition contains an excellent representation of the large mam- 
mals of Asia, and among the birds are many rare and desirable 
species. A report on the reptiles and amphibians of this expedition 
has been prepared by Assistant Curator Schmidt and issued in the 
Museum's Zoological Series, Publication 237. The birds and mam- 
mals will be reported on in a similar manner. Two of the most 
interesting mammals collected by the Roosevelts are, without ques- 
tion, the Marco Polo Sheep and the Ibex. A group of each of these 
animals is now being prepared for exhibition with accessories and a 
background showing the nature of their bleak natural home. 

The zoological explorations of the Captain Marshall Field Cen- 
tral African Expedition were continued during a part of the year 
under the direction of Assistant Curator Heller and Dr. Hilda Hempl 
Heller. The latter returned to America via Nairobi and Mombasa in 
July, but Mr. Heller remained in the field several months longer, 
sailing from Dar-es-Salaam, on the coast of Tanganyika Territory, 
in the latter part of October. The specimens received represent the 
work of the expedition in 1925, and total 2,313 in number, of which 
1,270 are mammals and mammal skulls; 8 birds; 992 reptiles and 
amphibians; 32 fishes; and 11 invertebrates. As mentioned under 

I I. I 1 

'ran >tm and tfcafatoM of • gorilla •»<: 

liiimfliwiwl or 


kit I- • • 

on. undv tbt aiMpicoa o' --Id. wm 

mgum and i aecaav 

staff vi 

ih. SUtr 

, - ■ ' . •«-..-..■'.. 

(TOU(a 1-* l'-V f honM of thr Qu 

t bcrr . as Jact* I 

i' ».''- .' ' ■ »u 'jt ! » ' ■ jm MWtaflHV ■ IBS hOVBCOf AOOUt " * ' 

.ryt»t of all ami- 
agth and wmxhinf ■ 

h wm alao dan- 

. group of ftv» u.' 

nmk Uh 

4af>cal Sur 

! r»I*-i*xi *! 
r*.in.- ■< ">•••' • '•.••■ ■•<»...'...' '...•.■....» •<--•..., 

76 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

clothed in an autumn garb of vivid colors. In such an environment 
thousands of Mule Deer live under government protection. While 
Mr. Albrecht collected and took care of the seven specimens required, 
Mr. Corwin made careful studies of the region so that when the ani- 
mals are mounted they can be placed in a setting characteristic of 
their natural habitat. For permits and assistance rendered in va- 
rious ways to Messrs. Albrecht and Corwin in Arizona and Utah, 
the Museum extends its thanks to the following gentlemen: Mr. 
D. E. Pettis, State Game Warden of Arizona and Acting District 
Forester of Ogden, Utah; Mr. A. E. Lewis, Deputy Game Warden; 
Mr. Carl Haycock, Forest Ranger; and Mr. William Angus of Los 
Angeles, California. 

The following list indicates the various expeditions in the field 
during the year: 

Locality Collectors Material 

Kish, Mesopotamia Stephen Langdon Archaeological Collections. 

Ernest Mackay 

Peru A. L. Kroeber Archaeological Collections. 

W. E. Schenck 
J. C. Tello 

Madagascar Ralph Linton Ethnological Collections. 

Peruvian Andes A. Weberbauer Herbarium and Economic 


Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. .B. E. Dahlgren Botanical Collections. 

J. R. Millar 
George Peterson 

Argentina Elmer S. Riggs Paleontological Collections. 

Robert C. Thorne 

State of New York Sharat K. Roy Paleontological Collections. 

Brazil, Peru, Argentina, 
Chile, Bolivia, 

Uruguay H. W. Nichols Geological and Archaeolog- 

ical Collections. 

Kashmir, Turkestan, 
Thian Shan Mount- 
ains, Pamirs Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. Zoological Specimens. 

Kermit Roosevelt 

George K. Cherrie 

Suydam Cutting 

Brazil, Argentina, 
Paraguay, Uruguay, 
Chile George K. Cherrie Zoological Collections. 

Evelyn Marshall Field 

Grace Thompson Seton 

K. P. Schmidt 

C. C. Sanborn 

Curzon Taylor 



.. i\M, 



J* . v'.' - r I * ' -' r ••"-»-' U?.'lrr ff\ l«-l» » a* f 'r. . ir!.!ifii| n! '.i 
f^ltfiXM. of new mft- 

■ ■ 

78 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

with geometric designs scratched in the base by means of a comb, 
from the "A" Cemetery at Ingharra; a handled pottery jar with a 
woman's face and breast in high relief, and other pottery vases, all 
of the Sumerian period; a glazed pottery bowl and a bottle of the 
twelfth century B.C.; human and animal clay figurines; an alabaster 
vase; three restored ostrich egg-shell cups; a carved bone figure; 
bone picks; bronze implements divested of their malignant patina 
by means of the electro-chemical process referred to in last year's 
Report (p. 442) ; glass bottles and seals, clay seals, pendants of stone 
and mother-of pearl, cylinder seals; and necklaces of carnelian, lapis 
lazuli, rock-crystal and shell. In Case 12 of Stanley Field Hall are 
shown thirty-one enlarged photographs illustrating the activity of 
the expedition during the season 1925-26. These photographs were 
taken on the spot by Assistant Curator Henry Field and Mr. Ernest 
Mackay. Each picture is provided with an explanatory caption. 
Two carved wooden figures and a guitar from Africa, presented 
by the Arts Club of Chicago, as well as a carved wooden figure pre- 
sented by Mrs. John Alden Carpenter, were added to Case 11 as 
further examples of the artistic achievements of the Negro. 

In commemoration and honor of the Eucharistic Congress which 
convened in Chicago from June 20 to June 23 several special exhibits 
were arranged. Two cases containing reproductions of antiquities, 
chiefly ecclesiastical, of ancient Ireland were temporarily placed in 
Stanley Field Hall and attracted many thousands of visitors. The 
painting of a Chinese Madonna with Child of the early seventeenth 
century, obtained by the Blackstone Expedition to China in 1908, 
formed the center of an exhibit illustrating the early history of 
Christianity in China. In the same case were also displayed a fac- 
simile of the famous Nestorian inscription of A.D. 781, which records 
the introduction of Nestorian Christianity into China under the Tang 
dynasty in A.D. 635 ; a rubbing of the tomb inscription in Latin and 
Chinese of Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), the first Jesuit priest who came 
to China, and several portraits of him. The painting of the 
Madonna was widely discussed in the press and made the subject of 
an article by the Rev. Albert Muntsch, S.J., of St. Louis University, 
in The Fortnightly Review (October 1, 1926) with reference to Dr. 
Laufer's former researches into this subject. 

The Potawatomi collection obtained last year by Mr. M. G. 
Chandler under the auspices of Mr. Julius and Mrs. Augusta N. 
Rosenwald has been installed in three standard cases A man's 
costume and three woman's dresses are displayed on manikins. 

colored arm-nt. :•.<-■■ 

and ' «• <* 

•id mak 
lh# ' .- 


I ' 

afcta. 1 oUmt p 

colt and < 

TV* m .. ■ 



. *••■. 

^^HBr> f 


tiXM'.rf ■ 

- .' 

DOfti.. ' 

80 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

obsidian tools, the complete process of arrow-making, the prepara- 
tion of native currency from clam-shells and magnesite, as well as 
the method of obtaining fire, are all demonstrated. Within the 
coming year it is planned to complete the arrangement of the re- 
mainder of the Californian Indian collections in the same manner, 
so that the visitor to the hall will be able to visualize, in their correct 
geographic sequence, the varied native cultures of the State. On 
the south side of the hall will be shown those California tribes that 
formed part of the Northwest Coast culture area — the Tolowa, 
Yurok, Karok and Hupa, characterized by their wood, shell and 
horn carvings, and by elaborate ceremonies in which a display of 
wealth played a large part. To objectify this latter phase of their 
life, a group of Yurok "white-deer skin" dancers in full ceremonial 
regalia has been planned. At the other end of the hall will be illus- 
trated the utilitarian and ceremonial artifacts of the Miwok and 
Yokut tribes of south-central California. These groups are inter- 
mediate in culture between the northern and southern tribes in the 
State, and might well be called typical native Californians. The 
crude pottery made by the last group is particularly interesting, for 
it represents the northwestern limit of the potter's art among 
the American Indians. 

Hall 7 containing the Stanley McCormick Collection will like- 
wise be reorganized according to a similar plan. In their final shape, 
the exhibits in this hall are designed to convey an adequate picture 
of the culture developments in the Southwest of the United States, 
in prehistoric and historic times from the Basket makers to the 
Cliff-dwellers and Pueblos. For the present the cases in this hall 
have been rearranged to conform as far as possible with this 
new plan. In the central aisle, running from east to west, are shown 
models of Arizona Pueblos, the life-size figures of a Hopi bride and a 
Hopi rabbit-hunter, and two pairs of dancers in full regalia. Follow- 
ing the group of the Hopi home on the south side of the hall are 
displayed the utensils, and textile and ceramic products of this peo- 
ple. Along the north side are arranged eight of the Hopi altars that 
are so all-important in Hopi religious life for the production of rain. 
Thus the western half of the hall conveys a vivid impression of the 
life-cycle of the Hopi in their work, play, and ritual. The southeast 
section of the hall, at present given over to supernumerary Hopi 
altars, will be devoted later on to Southwest archaeology, which is in 
the main characterized by pottery. The central aisle of this section 
will be occupied by models of the various Pueblos, commencing with 


s s 

ta a 

W a 


J a. p 

z = | 

<J c - 

fa •- 

ft* c fc 
D -° * 

d * - 


■ ■ , , ' , ' 

■ortbnM* port 
4 eerir. 


Th» K«brr- 

(.->.-•. fV.<r Hall 


n><- « 

a • r-*' . 

«nd exrr-: '••.■ 

aarrfog i fl I 

I'rr... l»xn. -..-' . •'■ • ••».••. ..••••»• ..'..rv •..»::.<■' 

a» »**1 m pa 

■pnrwr of cam per 

«MC « x.. ut th* baJ 

tram Ihm trm in (he nx. 

.rr»n(rd in geogrmphicml anfcr i 
R.bu m the r» ^thrrr.nv-i ar«» 



• J«rM- 



S.i. i 


t ' •.•cn\ -»*Mo! '. . 

82 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

those installed during the previous year. The new exhibits include 
the ethnology of the Malay Peninsula, the Menangkabau of Sumatra, 
and the peoples of Java, Madura, Borneo, and Formosa. One of the 
group cases for this hall was likewise completed, showing a Menang- 
kabau bride and groom dressed with all paraphernalia for the day of 
their wedding. The faces, hands and feet of the two figures were 
modeled by Mr. John G. Prasuhn in the Modeling Section of the 
Department. Good progress has been made on a miniature Menang- 
kabau village group for which Mr. Charles A. Corwin has painted 
an effectual and colorful background. 

A life-size group of Bagobo weavers, consisting of five figures cast 
and modeled in the Museum, was completed this year and housed in 
a specially built-in case located at the east end between Halls G and 
H; in this manner access to this case is afforded from two sides. 
The Bagobo inhabit the Davao Gulf on the island of Mindanao in 
the Philippines, and are experts at making textiles from Manila 
hemp (Musa textilis). The various stages in this process are pic- 
turesquely illustrated by this group, from the initial preparation of 
the fibres and the spinning and dyeing of the threads to the weaving 
of the cloth on a hand loom and its polishing by means of a shell. 

Floor mats specially ordered in New Zealand and the handiwork 
of Maoris have been placed in the Maori council house (Hall F), 
which is thus complete. A sketch map of the South Seas, on which 
the particular island or locality represented in the exhibit is under- 
scored in red ink, has been placed in every case of the same hall, 
and large maps of the South Pacific have been distributed on the 
walls of this hall as well as of Joseph N. Field Hall. 

As foreshadowed in last year's Report, the Edward E. Ayer 
Collection of Pewter was entirely reinstalled this year in a very 
efficient and satisfactory manner. Special wall-cases were built 
in Room 23 in the northeast corner of the second floor, and these 
are illuminated by encased top-lights concealed under ground glass, 
insuring an even diffusion of light over the exhibits. A light blue 
rep has been chosen for mounting the background and shelves, and 
the latter are so arranged that the objects placed on them are directly 
and fully exposed to the light. The material is grouped in 16 sections 
as follows: Sections 1-8, China; 1-2 (on west wall), Lamps and 
candlesticks; 3 (on north wall), Vases, figures, and altar sets; 4, 
Pewter engraved and inlaid with designs in brass; 5, Set of pewter 
objects used as a wedding gift and dower; 6, Bowls, dishes, and tea- 
pots; 7, Ancient tea-pots with knobs, handles and spouts of jade; 

KcruttT " : >mmcrcm. 

._. • . ... 

•■> tad !■ 

lad ffw.1 

■ ...i | 


mni i s nunak 

■ . ; r 

84 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

including many colored beads and ornaments of the Tang period 
(A.D. 618-906). Warfare and weapons of China are illustrated in 
another case by self-loading repeating crossbows, clay bullet cross- 
bows, a series of eight old bows for testing the strength of candi- 
dates for military appointments, blow-pipe and spring-guns, sound- 
ing arrows, jingals, and the suit of armor of a Manchu prince, the 
single parts of the armor and accoutrements being spread out for 
analytic study, while suits as actually worn are shown in an adjoin- 
ing case. Many improvements have been made in rearranging the 
exhibits in the two Gallery Halls, but as the installation is not yet 
complete and much material remains to be placed on exhibition, the 
ultimate classification and grouping of cases must be left for the 

Re-arrangements were made in three cases of H. N. Higinbotham 
Hall, containing the gem collection. 

Skulls and skeletal material were unpacked from the cartons 
which had served as containers for transportation from the old into 
the new building, and were thoroughly cleaned. The material was 
checked, sorted and properly arranged in trays and labeled by the 
Assistant Curator. It is now placed in the new cabinets built in 
Room 35 last year. 

Cliff-dwellers' models in Hall 7 and all casts of Maya sculptures 
in Hall 8 were repaired and retouched by Modeler Prasuhn. As 
previously stated, the group of Bagobo weavers and the life-size 
figures of the Menangkabau bride and groom were completed by 

During the course of the year thirteen portfolios were made for 
the safe-keeping of the acquired Egyptian fabrics. Eleven frames 
were made for Chinese paintings, rugs and tapestries, and one frame 
for Peruvian feather-work. Four Chinese and three Egyptian 
painted frescoes were properly treated, laid in cement and placed in 
frames under glass. By means of the electro-chemical process, 45 
bronze implements were treated for malignant patina; 286 objects 
were restored or repaired: 96 from Africa, 76 from Kish, 41 from 
China, 43 from Java and Borneo, and 30 from Peru; and 6,057 
numbers were marked on 4,323 objects. Sixteen exhibition cases 
were poisoned, and material stored in the Poison Room was taken 
care of in the usual manner. 

Botany. — The exhibit of native plants, as maintained during 
the summer of 1924 (omitted in 1925) was reinstated in Stanley 

.11 The c v • 
' cuaowadA 

■ .Hit j^i of n«-w aula 

Ihr ;..*= )ruf rr... ■ '« >.-:<; r>: ... .'•.•<•;... -\ ; arour-i 

■ Of MM 
■dMOMOT li*-*J »}»i .<« funhtai the rt*j»t *»U».'.» • ■ . .. a»tr.. 
«f l.Sr cfcW(C*« 

bniljr tuw both load and eiouc rvpr«MOU' 
.•! hx*ti • cue oJ 

■ iwim Ow 
oUmt farm* «.«.' r. 

■jr wv Aon ta eoejunrou' 

juis ifjtr. |fcj 1 tap I «■•!• ••: ! rwr etc 'A bm, an the othv bwd, 

4«M a r. 

l*w»r«---r i. t -.rf •. . Lh4 mpJ rapraMrtativ* oat Ftai Mtoot 

the l«r..'n <• 

-Mr. tAr ■..»•« M 

. '. • ■ 

m*' . ;. -'^.ft i» l<r J f?T.- ' « rl] '..:. • ritbflf I •.-.". 

■ ■ 

fwwadurtitj© al the mit-r 

86 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

limit at the Michigan dunes. As the parent stock, from which has 
been derived the Concord and other American cultivated grapes, 
it furnishes, at least in this section of the United States, the most 
interesting illustration of botanical characters of its group. In the 
course of time there will be added some typical clusters of a few 
other wild grapes and of some of the principal cultivated ones. 

The oaks have been represented by an acorn-bearing branch of 
the Bur-oak accompanied by a small flowering twig, as well as 
models showing on a larger scale the structure of the male and 
female flowers of this oak. In the same case are shown a selection 
of dried acorns, European and American chestnuts and a small 
branch of the chinquapin, the entire display representing the chest- 
nut oak-family as fully as space and material permit at present. 

For the geraniums, a local wild geranium has been added to the 
case containing sorrel and the bilimbi branch. A beginning has been 
made on the barberry family with a reproduction of some May- 
apple plants in fruit. 

Through the cooperation of the Los Angeles Chamber of Com- 
merce, excellent material of the olive was provided, both preserved 
and fresh, which made it possible to reproduce with a minimum of 
difficulty a typical fruiting olive branch. The case devoted to the 
mallows has been reinstalled with the addition of two new models 
of plants, both of some economic importance, namely, a flowering and 
fruiting Okra plant and a fruiting stem of the "West Indian Sorrel," 
the latter of which is interesting for its persistent and brilliantly 
colored calyx. 

A reproduction of a leaf and flowering stem of the Madagascar 
orchid commonly known as the "Star of Bethlehem" (Macroplec- 
trum) has been produced for the orchid case, thus adding another 
different type of orchid flower to those on display. The exhibit 
of Aroids has been augmented by the addition of a fruiting stem 
of the Ceriman > Philodtndron) with its large, perforated, deeply 
cleft leaves and curious habit of peeling its fruiting spikes at 
maturity, recalling that of the Panama hat palms. 

A cluster of Xagal dates has been added to the palm fruits in 
Hall 29. To the case of Proteas, hitherto insufficiently represented 
by the American Grevillea, and the so-called Australian oak, there 
has been added a flowering branch of the handsome "Boer's Honey 
Pot" (Protea 

The mushroom collection has been augmented by the addition of 
a fine model of a Clavaria. Also a clump of a bright orange-colored 


U» fill the fvc 

local 'V-hjr 

tmf-t fii^-:''c» ki\r am. 

■ ■ ' 

uon balk n. 

■ Kile mu<-h uf 

u:.». »tATx"i 

:ha wtqnomtc 

-~->- — aa 


....... ..f 

ostaiMd during *.■.< • ->;•...■ v...* • ... > .« i«j Btarflu 

b> Rummmt j hotocmph* and 

•mine a eolkruon of eoffcttfcnbk 

Mafhtion of 

dible oik and the una 

Itspby ha* btvtt raaoV jovml of all bottka ain 

' Which far 

■ ;. ,..■-• • 

*-n parohv-n gia*» I 

ash dagro* of \ •-::*» ; n ■ tr. « . • .: Thu 

n*r.n.» <r«.r..: . .,-«.. ai u*- ' -t ru-,;.>, m the f..n:i ...' .» I * 

88 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

sheet, which was not possible with the linear series of trays and bot- 
tles on shelves. In the case of closely related products, or products 
from the same source, their arrangement with reference to each other 
or in relation to their production or manufacture, adds greatly to the 
intelligibility and interest of their display. 

The steps in the manufacture of cane sugar are shown in 
one-half of a standard case, the process being represented by 23 
samples arranged more or less in the form of a flow-sheet. The by- 
products, alcohol, rum, vinegar and paper from the bagasse, are also 
shown. The main label briefly summarizes the process, and a world 
distribution map, appropriately colored, shows the chief localities 
where sugar cane is cultivated. 

The beet sugar process is shown in the half -case adjoining the cane 
sugar. Beginning with the sugar beet, the process, somewhat differ- 
ent from that of cane sugar, is portrayed in 21 steps arranged as in 
the preceding exhibit. 

In one-half of another case have been displayed various grades 
of sugar from the world's markets together with a variety of sugars 
in their original native packages. The collecting of these samples 
has extended over many years and countries including Java, the 
Philippines, Peru, Mexico, Egypt, etc. In the other half of the same 
case specimens of all the known sugars of importance, viz. cane, beet, 
maple, corn, grape, etc., have been placed for comparison. In addi- 
tion there are displayed such rare sugars as levulose and mannose, 
some of which are seldom seen outside the laboratory. 

In another case have been installed a series of samples of the 
edible vegetable oils, also sealed in glass tubes and associated with 
a specimen showing the botanical source of each. From this exhibit 
it may be seen that there are about 15 edible oils of vegetable origin 
in use in the United States. 

The starches have been treated in a similar manner, the seven 
principal commercial starches being displayed conspicuously in large 
tubes, while some twenty other starches, of more or less importance 
in their respective localities, are less prominent in smaller quantities 
in smaller tubes. 

During the course of the year, products made from corn, now 
occupying an entire case, were reinstalled and brought up to date. 
These include corn oil, gluten, starch and various derivatives and 
preparations from starch such as envelope gum, corn sugar, alcohol 
and corn whiskey. As in the case of the sugar-making exhibit, the 
products are sealed in tubes arranged in the form of a flow-sheet. 

ojTB k.«*^-ir< :.' » - '.»ir PVBH , -,' r ^ ' *■'•<" ' • J '■» In 111* 

creirr of i-' * ' • ; *» •.! j ■-■• • *• M • :™i v.v.n u.-!i i en 

■ • ■ ■ ' ' - 
Km baa* autda oei) e '•»>«■ ««.; gnuna -. 

Tk* barbanua • < •< - ••• '• >* itfaal antani.-^- • routine 

cfee- aama. • 

at it ■••un:» , .» at Other 

r«>nar\V>i in t» ; r* ...u»! !:«-;«<-•.» The t'. .. . W r 

Ujmv0. Kx» •-> ■'■■■■> I - rx-iu«Bi, to It M I'um-n 

rtannininf the g ri w fca »» 

■ kL»fvd i - 

• ardan. studied the maaam. Thaw aj» 

c»li«l»!. '«■ ' ■ ' •« • :-■ ■ •■ -• ! Mr V. ..;...!•:> ;rv;...n-: .. |..i;«-rt»!i 

his pajaj) »? ■ • •' aj i -' nhad t ■• ihr M.i«aun \ nort popar 

OMat pari » 
■ovariag plant a, tadodiac a * 

.tjonal Muanum 

at } BBBU 

Bwde or r«urtv 
.'. brour 

"I"*--*--'- ' T " ; " •' • -;-' •• • --s •■- .':«.'-.-:-.:av.j •... Mr 1 r \\^i».u 


t;»» rrjr'.s • '. /.' BJBI :o' ... 1 M Md a.lir* "•• I »r i >«' '>'. KHbBBM, 

'in. I'uiltivA.' 

tabhi »•"•',' •'•<• •-• •- • •.-•-• barbarian aha iwnba*j •... 
abated heheaaa, *ho •orbed <m .a of 

90 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Geology. — Two cases were temporarily installed in Stanley Field 
Hall, and two of a more permanent nature were also placed there. 
To make room for these, the exhibit of mineral colors was dismantled 
and removed, as well as the exhibit of South American fossils in a 
floor case which was discontinued. One of the new exhibits installed 
illustrates the evolution of the modern horse. A series of skulls and 
limb bones of the successive members of the horse family, from the 
little Eohippus of Eocene age, to the modern Equus is shown in this 
case. The increase in size of the developing types, the growing 
complexity of the teeth, and the advancing predominance of the 
middle toe of these animals in the course of evolution, are all illus- 
trated by specimens. In addition, a model, one-fifth of natural size, 
is shown of each type. 

In the other geological wall-case installed in this hall, a com- 
parative representation is made of fossil and modern plants and ani- 
mals. Altogether, 56 specimens are shown in this exhibit, of which 
30 are in the fossil state, 22 are modern forms, and 4 are models of 
modern forms. So far as possible, each fossil form has its nearest 
identical modern form placed beside it. The most ancient fossil 
form is also used so far as possible. There are also illustrated some 
of the types such as Trilobites and Eurypterids which have become 
entirely extinct and thus have no modern representatives. The 
dwindling of forms, such as that of the plants known as "horse 
tails" {Equisetae) and club mosses (Lycopods) during the passage of 
time is illustrated, as is also what are known as "immortal" types, 
of which the genera Lingula and Pleurotomaria are examples. 
These have remained unchanged through millions of years. 

Geological cases temporarily installed in the hall included one 
containing dinosaur eggs and skulls, and photographs illustrating 
the field work of the Third Asiatic Expedition. Another one 
included specimens of agates, amethysts, geodes and various 
crystallized minerals from South America collected by Associate 
Curator Nichols on the Captain Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition 
of 1926. 

In Hall 34, minerals to the extent of 40 specimens presented by 
Mr. W. J. Chalmers were installed in their appropriate places in the 
systematic and crystal collections. In connection with this installa- 
tion, the crystal collection was reinstalled after thorough cleaning of 
the cases. 

Two cases of concretions in this hall were also reinstalled in order 
to introduce some new material and give a more systematic arrange- 

I he .--fT iHJO Mir'. 

:tu I»:hj 

• f c Ul . • C 6... ■ r !a . 

it _*-L}f^fc*i- 
■i the K- 


IWUlillUMI wHm I 

bmb to be mart readily n ..-■ ".ad they 

Tlkr okkM i 

jfv mods* > begun 


J*J J»lir»>i »«T. clh:f>:!.<«fi if. Mail !><■ I hr n.miH 


erf the I::.r„, 

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IP • r^: •• »■ -.rr. *r.d nrr h^n,<>: in ». • -. .:. 


* Urge - 

rwl W»^th ■ .-•..• Mrs •...*«- r:. ...»•»: |.\ !.«-.[!<«►- 



.• .. : 

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• ■ ' 

thrift •• r ot •. • .. t -t.: - 

r» r:. ui •«••: oa « » h» ■ 
full) ■«*-*'."-• '' '» -••••5 -" ' 

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lav \ - > ■ 

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U/frr irs I '..►.*• |0M i..>. »ho 

ft.'. «■• 

nadavd eolum' 

v-k.. (r«.?i, Dm b bvu i mH -.?>«! 


92 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

As already mentioned, the kilns are shown in the long sheds at 
the rear of the model. Five kilns in various stages of erection or 
demolition are shown. There are also shown freight cars loading 
bricks for removal, oil tanks in which oil for burning the bricks 
is stored, a water tower, office building, machine shop and various 
other accessory features which form a part of the equipment of the 
working plant. The latter include models of 100 trucks, 2 loco- 
motives and 50 workmen. 

The construction of the model was the work of Valerie Legault, 
Preparator in the Department of Geology. The skill and accuracy 
of his work are highly commendable. The drawings and plans 
according to which the model was built were made by Associate 
Curator Nichols. President William Schlake of the Illinois Brick 
Company presented the case in which the model is exhibited, and 
gave free access to the plant for studying its features and use of all 
drawings and plans which might be of assistance. Superintendent 
Lambert and Foreman Aregood of the Plant also freely furnished 
information and assistance during the construction of the model. 

Two cases were removed from Hall 36 in order to make room for 
a model illustrating diamond mining which is in course of construc- 
tion. The contents of the case of by-products of coal in the same hall 
were removed, carefully cleaned, renovated and then reinstalled. 

In the Hall of Historical Geology, Hall 38, a number of verte- 
brate fossils have been installed, these being chiefly specimens from 
South America collected by the Captain Marshall Field Paleonto- 
logical Expedition in 1922-3. These specimens were placed on 
exhibition as fast as they were prepared. They include a skull and 
jaws of the large fossil sloth, Scelidodon, and a skull and jaws of the 
extinct South American horse, Equus andium. To the large Glyp- 
todon carapace, previously exhibited, were added skull and jaws, 
and tail and limbs, thus completing the exhibit. 

Of the specimens received from the Third Asiatic Expedition, 
seven dinosaur eggs, a skull of the dinosaur, Protoceratops, and a 
skull and other bones of the same species in matrix, together with 
photographs illustrating the occurrence of the fossils, were installed 
in a separate case. This exhibit was for a time placed in Stanley 
Field Hall and later removed to Hall 38. The skull and jaws of the 
large titanothere, Dolichorhinus, also received from this Expedition, 
were installed adjoining the American representatives of this group, 
in Hall 38, as was also a cast of the skull of the great extinct Asiatic 
carnivore, Andrewsarchus. The case containing fossil crinoids and 

iKrotT or not Diuctcml 

of the '.!»;-tu»4uf. and one erf the Uull and tuakaof S' 

(HUM. | 

.t»: ib Ihcif »'..'i' . e *-.; .'..' <.*vl«-f 


i of IX2-I S«-^mm.. 

-•,«■ folowin* 

■ . 
erf the fTTtt*. doth. Soefcdodon • »iull and lower jaw*, a foreleg 
foot and a mtm» erf or - 

• *.ull and l<-> 

Mxn^^icr i tWO -. , .ir-rji:.i. OM l«-.'..» an<l •■; <• ''■'- <■• l-'f 

skulk and a pair of lower ;.»» • 
eJL < 

7>r«* hfe-ataad flew flbjatrating 
■inan *«** modekd 

ttnmmt of Geology. Thea* figures were be* 
part oa poet* fr«n We and on details shown in photographs 

in 192L The ngurt* ufagru. 

method* of diamond nun 

the cbemwa) labor* work ui 

. *» afu~ 
■jBooetit ■• 
avthedi trap*'* 


■ number of aarUooa 

94 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Zoology. — The new installations in the Department of Zoology- 
were fewer in number and less noteworthy than were the reinstalla- 
tions, completed or still under way. Other important changes were 
made that added much to the interest and educational value of the 

A notable reinstallation was inaugurated in Hall 16, which con- 
tains the groups of North American mammals, whereby all of the 
four-sided cases will be replaced by built-in cases with but one or 
two sides of glass and curved backgrounds on which scenes of the 
habitats of the specimens exhibited can be painted. The adoption 
of this new type of case for groups will result in the elimination of 
objectionable glass reflections, in a considerable saving in exhibition 
area, and permit of a much more effective representation of the 
natural environment of the animals. On each side of the eastern 
end of the hall, three of the new style cases were built; the four end 
cases will have glass on two sides, while the two middle ones will 
have but one glass side each. In one of the two larger middle cases, 
a long delayed group of American Elk will soon be installed, the back- 
ground for it having been painted by Mr. C. A. Corwin. The other 
cases are to accommodate some of the groups now on exhibition and 
others yet to be completed. 

Two spaces on each side of the eastern end of Hall 16 were 
unsuitable for exhibits, therefore they were enclosed and made into 
excellent two-view group cases. In one, the group of Stone's Moun- 
tain Sheep was reinstalled with the addition of an appropriate back- 
ground painted by Mr. Corwin. Some changes were also made 
in the groundwork and grouping of the animals. By means of this 
reinstallation the group has been made more attractive and a better 
representation is given of the animals' natural surroundings. In 
the other new case, opposite the Mountain Sheep, a new and pleasing 
group of five Rocky Mountain Goats, mounted by Mr. Julius Friesser 
and Mr. A. G. Rueckert, of the Museum staff, was installed. The 
background and the rock accessories depict accurately the high, 
bleak home of these animals. 

For the inauguration of a hall of Asiatic mammal groups, two 
one-view, built-in cases were constructed in the east end of Hall 17, 
which in the meantime, contains exhibits of skeletons. A group of 
Marco Polo Sheep and a group of Ibex will be the first to be installed 
in the new hall. These are probably the two most interesting ani- 
mals collected by the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition. 
The background for the Ovis poli group has been painted by Mr. 

I .*-•.: Iftd nu«>r «*<k b\ Ihc fciJt.r a." '. >-.*. ..->• I«m •! -.r i.f 

irf : «■. 

j.T\>jH» • ' '-•' \ '. 

..' iKc '*'.«- < i.". > A' 







■ ■ • . . 


<4d IU 

96 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

birds, mammals (including the skin of the Jaguar shot by Mrs. 
Field), reptiles and insects. In the north end of the same hall a 
model of the new Chicago Zoological Park, near Riverside, Illinois, 
was placed on exhibition and attracted much attention. 

Considerable progress was made on exhibition work of a pre- 
paratory nature on mammals, birds, fishes and insects. Several 
mammals also have been completed and are ready for installation. 
These include a group of Cobus Antelope and a cellulose-acetate 
reproduction of a Hippopotamus. 

The reference collections have been improved in various ways. 
While being catalogued, many birds were identified and distributed 
wherever room was available. To relieve the crowded condition of 
the reference collections of birds and mammals, four two-section, 
large metal storage cases with sliding doors were purchased. In the 
division of osteology 2,037 skulls and skeletons were cleaned. Crates 
and cartons of osteological material to the number of 54 were un- 
packed, their contents placed in individual boxes, labeled, indexed 
and then distributed. 


At the close of the year, 965 cases were available for loaning to 
the schools of Chicago. Of this total, 57 were prepared during the 
period under review. In addition to these cases there are a number 
in various stages 'of completion, as well as several that had to be 
repaired and others in which the installation required attention. 
During the school-year 1926-1927, scheduled loans of cases are being 
made to 371 schools, an increase of 18 schools over the previous 
year's schedule. In carrying out the plan of loaning two cases to 
each school for a period of two school-weeks 742 are in daily use. 
The list of schools, etc. to which cases are being loaned include: 
326 elementary schools; 3 junior high; 13 senior high; 3 technical 
high; 8 continuation schools; 1 normal; 1 parental; 1 reform school 
for boys; 3 private schools; 3 Catholic schools; 4 branches of Y. M. 
C. A.; 1 orphan asylum; 2 community centers; 1 boy's club; and 1 
branch of the public library. In order to deliver these cases to the 
various institutions, etc. by means of two trucks, the city is divided 
into two sections. 

Interest in the cases and a desire for their use is not only increasing 
in the field for which they were originally intended — viz. the public 
schools of Chicago — but beyond the city as shown by the steadily 
growing number of requests to have them delivered regularly. As 

Erratum :— Plate XII, Ancient Mesopotamian Wheat, description should 
read "These charred kernels" instead of "cleaned kernels." 

I cf.i r 


it!l '.<J J*- 

•Mc-mor^'. •..•.•► btlon l«y-«J.>" < .-mr.Mu'.la^ 
( nr 

■MRxai) [«»Mded fundi to ■n»bto the Mi. 


I k. f.M.r 

The iti in rtm-.. 

.■ ■! 

Ihr WW «b)K 

III I i .■ - 

98 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

46 plates, 10 of which are colored, was compiled by the same author, 
and it is suitable for use in junior and senior high schools. 

A motion picture film, showing the study of art research in the 
Museum, has been released in the Pathe" Review, and sanctioned by 
the New York office of Pathe\ this picture will be shown throughout 
the United States. 


General. — During the last few years the scope of the Publicity 
work has been enlarged to include the aims and functions of the 
Museum, in order to create a closer relationship between the public 
and the Institution. To ensure this, international as well as national 
and local mediums were used. The greatest emphasis, however, was 
laid upon local efforts. The principal aim of the work is to instil an 
interest and a desire on the part of the citizens of Chicago and visi- 
tors to the city to visit the Institution. 

Not only were attempts made to attract the public to the 
MuseUm through arousing an interest in its exhibits and activities, 
but especial efforts were made to acquaint the stranger to the city 
with the ways to reach the Museum. Various advertising mediums 
were generously placed at the disposal of the Museum without 
charge, and this opportunity is taken to extend the gratitude of 
the Institution to the donors of the space. 

Press Publicity. — An average of three news stories, many 
supplemented with illustrations, appeared each week in the Chicago 
daily newspapers. These articles ranged in length from items of 
fifty or sixty words to half or full column stories, or in some cases 
full page feature articles dealing with the more important activities 
of the Museum. It may be conservatively estimated that the 
accomplishments of the Institution were brought to the attention of 
the entire reading public of the United States and Canada, as well 
as the readers of the leading foreign newspapers, during the year 
under review. 

National and international news and pictorial agencies which 
distributed information pertaining to the Museum during 1926 
included the following: Associated Press, United News, United 
Press Associations, Newspaper Enterprise Association, North 
American Newspaper Alliance, Western Newspaper Union, Inter- 
national News Service, Universal Service, Consolidated Press, Central 
Press Association, Underwood & Underwood, International Newsreel, 
Pacific and Atlantic, Acme, Wide World Photos, and Kadel and Her- 



»po. Uf 

.» ;.*.-.. • ' th« WOVid. 

• ' ' ■ 



k* <fj»JrJ ,• •■.•' . -'■• 

l!\e Bl "■'"; 

100 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 


The increasing usefulness of the Division of Printing was again 
indicated by the numerous demands made upon it for work. Although 
3,665 more exhibition labels and over 182,000 more impressions of a 
general character were printed than in the previous year, neverthe- 
less it was not possible to give all the work prompt attention. The 
following publications were printed and bound during the period 
under review: 

Regular Publication Series '. . . . . 12,426 copies 

Leaflet Series 29,127 " 

Memoirs Series 1,521 " 

Museum Manual 5,000 

General Guide 2,536 " 

Descriptive Booklet for Membership 6,000 " 

Anthropology, Guide No. 6 to the Ethnology of Polynesian 

and Micronesian Islands 5,000 " 

Rules and Regulations for Expeditions 200 " 

Publication Price List 300 " 

Geographic Society Year Book 2,060 '* 

Pictorial Post Card Albums 10,109 " 

Reproductions of Antiquities of Ancient Ireland 3,000 " 

Total 77,279 copies 

The number of labels and other impressions follows: 





Harris Extension 


Geographic Society of Chicago 

Total 9,944 


















The size of the Museum's regular publications necessitated the 
use of plates that did not always do justice to the objects illustrated. 
Therefore, a quarto series, measuring 9" x 12" and entitled Anthro- 
pological Memoirs, was inaugurated. This quarto publication not 
only makes it possible to illustrate large specimens to good advan- 
tage, but the larger and wider margins make it much more legible 
and pleasing. 

No additions to the equipment were made during the year. 

Ml »Jlilc- 

: ■ 

r. .mm 

h. i •> 


lb* cqoipaMBt «.«f '..»■• 

tab x|ui|ipt«l with • 

TVe ob>crt ■ •' 

■DOpvarf Ibr vart a/tmm' 

the wvrfc erf 




-•3 tK*.' 


102 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

' I Artist. — The following is a resume" of the work executed by this 
division during the period under review: 

Drawings made 274 

Lantern slides colored 619 

Photographs retouched 54 

Negatives blocked 98 

Maps drawn 9 

Miscellaneous items made 13 

Total 1,067 


During the year the Museum was visited by 930,571 persons, 
which is approximately 207,621 more than the figure for 1925. From 
the statistics it may be inferred that the past year has been the most 
successful — as regards attendance — in the history of the Institution. 
The fact that more people have visited the Museum during the last 
five years, than in the seventeen years when it was located in Jackson 
Park, proves beyond doubt the advantage of the new location over 
the old site. This increased interest in the Museum serves as an 
impetus and inspiration to members of the staff to increase and per- 
fect the means of disseminating knowledge. An analysis of the ad- 
missions is made elsewhere in this report. 

Herewith are also submitted financial statements, lists of acces- 
sions, names of members, etc. 

D. C. Davies, Director. 

Harm vatL W 

»o t:j 




104 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 


AT DECEMBER 31, 1926 
Balance, December 31, 1925 $15,895.47 


Income — Endowment, General, Miscellaneous and 

door receipts $ 309,396.71 

South Park Commissioners 177,432.05 

Sundry Receipts 12,631.21 

Memberships 77,905.00 

Contributions 329,931.18 

Sales of Securities 691,648.86 $1,598,945.01 


Operating Expenses $ 461,558.91 

Expeditions 120,540.01 

Collections Purchased 113,521.77 

Furniture and Fixtures 12,024.60 

Securities Purchased 855,217.05 

Annuities on Contingent Gifts 39,665.00 

Transferred to Sinking Fund 12,900.00 $1,615,427.34 

Overdraft, December 31, 1926 $ 586.86 




■• • ■ l 4«ru« 

106 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 




50 objects: wood carvings, carved 
stones, bone needles, tapa and 
skulls — Easter Island (gift). 


2 objects: 1 brocaded imperial 
tapestry and 1 imperial chair- 
cover of tapestry weave — China 


6 objects: 1 wooden figure of man, 
French Congo; 1 wooden female 
figure and 1 stringed musical 
instrument, Sudan; 1 wooden 
figure, New Caledonia; 1 wood- 
en figure, New Zealand (gift). 

1 carved and lacquered wooden 
dragon screen, 10 feet, A l A 
inches high, 7 feet, 9 inches 
wide — Peking, China (gift). 

AYER, EDWARD E., Chicago. 

1 old pewter jar with punched de- 

signs — China (gift). 

3 pewter objects: 1 lotus dish, Tang 

period; 1 decorated tea-pot, 
18th century, and 1 tea-pot — 
China and Japan (gift). 
10 objects of pewter: 1 tray, 3 
boxes, 1 tea-pot, 1 vase, 1 cen- 
ser in shape of dragon, 2 pairs 
of candlesticks, 1 single candle- 
stick — China (gift). 

2 pewter objects: 1 cash-box, 1 pair 

of candlesticks — Swatow and 
Canton, Kwang-tung Province, 
China (gift). 

2 pewter objects: 1 wine-pot in 
shape of carp, 1 tray with de- 
signs inlaid in brass — China 

2 pewter objects: 1 dish fitted with 
carved coconut shell and 1 lac- 
quered tea-jar — China and Ja- 
pan (gift). 

4 objects: 3 pieces of pewter and 

carved coconut shell, and 1 tai- 
lor's iron of brass — China (gift). 
1 pewter bed-warmer — Strasbourg, 
France (gift). 

1 pewter medal "Continental Cur- 
rency 1776"— United States 

1 pewter tray inlaid with designs 

in brass, Ming period — China 
5 pewter objects: 1 tray and 3 
tea-jars with designs in colored 
lacquer, 1 tea-jar with engraved 
designs — Japan (gift). 

2 pewter tea-pots inlaid with de- 

signs in brass — China (gift). 

BAHR, A. W., New York City. 

1 ink drawing of pig, mounted on 
silk in form of a scroll — China 

1 ancient mortuary clay figure rep- 
resenting a rhinoceros — Ho-nan 
Province, China (gift). 

BROWN, W. DUVAL, Rio de Janeiro, 
1 ornament of strung seeds with 
marble tube in center — Tara- 
cua, Brazil (gift). 

BURR, RICHARD, Chicago. 

1 tapa beater — Hawaii, Polynesia 


DEN, Chicago. 

I carved wooden figure of woman — 

West Africa (gift). 

CHANDLER, M. G., Chicago. 

5 objects: 1 Iroquois woollen sash, 
and 2 woollen sashes, 1 roach of 
deer hair, and 1 pair of beaded 
moccasins of the Potawatomi — 
Iroquois and Potawatomi, New 
York and Kansas (exchange). 

EGAN, W. C, Egandale, Highland 
Park, Illinois. 

II objects: 4 skullcaps of hazel- 
root basketry — Klamath, Ore- 
gon; 1 bow and 6 arrows — 
Africa (gift). 

FIELD, HENRY, Chicago. 

About 100 prehistoric flint and 
quartzite implements — Boba- 
dilla, Spain (gift). 



■ • 

t* : 

»! | 

: . i 

108 Field Museum op Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Suwa, Fiji, and 1 basket, Ko- 
rea — New Guinea, Fiji, and 
Korea (gift). 

C, Rhinelander, Wisconsin. 
14 flint arrowheads and flakes — 
Beebe White County, Arkan- 
sas (gift). 

LONG, LINUS, Chicago. 

1 ivory figure with ivory base, of 

Tung-fang So, Ming period 
(1368-1643)— China (gift). 

B., leader of Crocker Land 
Expedition, Freeport, Maine. 
4 specimens: 1 fur-lined beaded 
jacket, 1 pair of sealskin 
breeches, and 2 pairs of seal- 
skin boots, being complete suit 
of Eskimo girl — Greenland 

L., Chicago. 

2 inscribed Lamaist paintings — 

Tibet (gift). 

MARR, JOHN C, Oaklawn, Illinois. 

2 flint arrowheads — Farm near Jo- 

liet, Will County, Illinois (gift). 

MORI, S. H., Chicago. 

1 old silk fan painted with land- 
scape — China (gift). 

NARJAL, HERMAN W., Chicago. 

1 fur coat — Eskimo, Point Barrow, 

Alaska (gift). 

OPENSHAW, REV. H. J., Chengtu, 


2 objects: 1 rubbing of Chinese 

inscription of Han period from 
Lu-shan, Ya-chou fu, Sze- 
chuan, and 1 collection of hand- 
written compositions on silk — 
China (gift). 

Dunedin, New Zealand. 
139 objects: prehistoric implements 
of stone and bone, adzes, arrow- 
points, fish-hooks, drill-points, 
needles, spear-points, and flakes 
— Otago, New Zealand (ex- 

PLAUTZ, HENRY F., Oconomowoc, 
1 quartzite scraper — Oconomowoc, 
Waukesha County, Wisconsin 

ville, Arkansas. 
3 objects: 2 prehistoric grooved 
stone hammers and 1 prehistoric 
rubbing stone — Ionia, Michi- 
gan, and Batesville, Arkansas 

SARGENT, HOMER E., Pasadena, 
1 red and black serape — Mexico. 

SHETRONE, H. C, Columbus, Ohio. 
1 small sample of woven fabric — 
Seip Mound No. 2, Bainbridge, 
Ross County, Ohio (gift). 

SMITH, MRS. GEORGE T., Chicago. 
158 objects: 101 money belts, 24 
pouches, 4 cases of spectacles, 
3 caps, 3 pairs of slippers, 23 
small pieces, all of colored bead- 
work — China (gift). 

C. SCHWAB, Chicago. 
656 archaic jades — China (gift). 


1 suit of armor, 17th century — 

Japan (gift). 

9 objects: 1 tomahawk pipe, 1 
tobacco case with bead and 
quill work, 2 knife sheaths, 1 
war club, 2 pairs of moccasins, 
2 dolls — Sioux, Standing Rock 
Agency, North Dakota (gift). 

field, Wisconsin. 

2 objects: 1 wampum belt — Mo- 

hawk Valley, Keddersbury, 
New York; 1 knife and chop- 
stick in sheath — China (gift). 

1 pair of sealskin shoes — Lapp, 
Hammerfest, Norway (gift). 

WHITTLE, B. H., Hobart, Tasmania, 
50 chipped stone implements gath- 
ered from old camp-sites — Bar- 
nards Creek, Mt. Leslie, etc., 
Tasmania, Australia (ex- 



WWHBITY of maw* 

• raft. 

fetwil due 




1 I J t.r 

« r»'i ■ ' MM 

110 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

GRONEMAN, C, Elgin, Illinois. 
4 herbarium specimens (gift). 

HALDER, I. M., Laurens, Iowa. 
1 economic specimen, 6 ears of 
corn (gift). 

PANY, Erie, Pennsylvania. 
13 economic specimens, paper mak- 
ing exhibit (gift). 

SEUM, Budapest, Hungary. 
100 herbarium specimens (ex- 

HYNES, J. A., U. S. Appraiser's Of- 
fice, Chicago. 
1 specimen, "silver leaves" (gift). 

1 economic specimen, log (gift). 

TUTE, University of Oxford, 
100 herbarium specimens (ex- 

KANN, R. G., Rakuda Wood Prod- 
ucts Company, Pittsburgh, 
4 wood specimens (gift). 

COMMERCE, Chicago Head- 
12 economic specimens, grapes, 
olives and honey (gift). 

MAYER, L. S., State Experiment 

Station, Knoxville, Tennessee. 

1 economic specimen, 6 ears of corn 


"A MEMBER," Field Museum, Chi- 
1 specimen, lace bark (gift). 

New York City. 
1 economic specimen, soya bean 
oil (gift). 

MOFFATT, DR. W. S., Wheaton, 
1,228 herbarium specimens (gift). 

MONTERO, G., Museo Nacional de 
Chile, Santiago, Chile. 
1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

MOORE, G. E., Lebanon, Missouri. 
1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

500 herbarium specimens (ex- 

Cardiff, Wales. 
566 herbarium specimens (ex- 

NEAL, H. W., Lebanon, Tennessee. 
1 economic specimen, 6 ears of corn 


NUTTALL, L. W., Philipsburgh, 

I economic specimen, ephedra 


PEATTIE, D. C, Rosslyn, Virginia. 
50 herbarium specimens (gift). 

PHILLIPS, O. F., Chairman Board of 
Review, Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, Chicago. 

II Trays of official grain standards, 

U.S.A. (gift). 

PANY, Minneapolis Minnesota. 
1 flour mill model (gift). 

PRAY, L. L., Chicago. 

1 reproduction of a mushroom 

RECORD, S. J., New Haven, Connec- 

9 economic specimens, palm seeds 


REDFERN, R., Yarmouth, Iowa. 
1 economic specimen, 6 ears of corn 

Wichita, Kansas. 
50 economic specimens, wheat mill- 
ing (gift). 

ROSE, J. N., Washington, D. C. 
1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

1 economic specimen, cracker ex- 
hibit (gift). 

SHERFF, E. E., Chicago. 

50 herbarium specimens (gift). 

SIEGLINGER, J. B., Woodward, 

10 economic specimens, heads and 
seeds of sorghum (gift). 


tm * i,-»'»<t> 


■ ■ 

112 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

6 specimens fossil fish — South 
Stromfiord, Greenland. 
Collected by Third Asiatic Expe- 
dition of American Museum of 
Natural History and Field Mu- 
seum of Natural History. 

Nest of 6 Dinosaur eggs — Gobi 
Desert, Mongolia. 

Skull of Protoceratops — Gobi Des- 
ert, Mongolia. 

Large Dinosaur egg — Gobi Desert, 

Skull and jaws of Titanotherium — 
Murun, Mongolia. 


1 specimen stone meteorite — East 

Griqualand, South Africa. 
1 specimen iron meteorite — near 

Navajo, Arizona. 
1 specimen vari-colored agate — 

Group of sand-calcite crystals — 

Washabaugh, South Dakota. 

GAINES, E. P., Chicago. 

1 specimen calamite stem — Poca- 
hontas Coal Field, West Vir- 
ginia (gift). 


1 specimen sand concretion — Tur- 
tle Lake, North Dakota (gift). 

HARSTAD, A. J., Wolf Creek, Mon- 

5 specimens orthoclase — Wolf 
Creek, Montana (gift). 

1 specimen chalcopyrite — Wolf 
Creek, Montana (gift). 

JACOBS, O. B., Chicago. 

1 specimen fossil leaf — Mazon 
Creek, Illinois (gift). 

1 specimen fin-spine of fossil shark 

— Le Grand, Iowa (exchange). 

Porte, Indiana. 
Part of skeleton of Phytosaur (Bel- 
odon) — St. John's, Arizona 

4 specimens marcasite — Chicago 

KORAL, STANLEY, Union Pier, 

2 specimens clay concretions — 
Union Pier, Michigan (gift). 

R., Chicago. 
1 specimen, body of duck preserved 
as adipocere — Snicarte, Illinois 

Part of jaw and tooth of Mastodon 
— Bowling Green, Florida (gift). 
3 specimens fish teeth — Bowling 
Green, Florida (gift). 

1 specimen sodalite — Bancroft, 
Ontario, (gift) 

MULLER, ALFRED, Friedrichsha- 
gen, Germany. 
108 specimens invertebrate fossils. 

1 specimen fossil vertebra of fish. 

2 specimens fossil raindrops and 

moulds of salt crystals (ex- 

NAWN, HUGH, State of New York. 

2 slabs showing fossil mollusk 
tracks — Gilboa, New York 

O'BRIEN, GEORGE F., Cedar Rap- 
ids, Iowa. 

1 specimen tungsten ore (concen- 
trates) — Ozark Mine, Silver 
Mountain, Missouri (gift). 

1 specimen scheelite concentrates 
— Bishop, California (gift). 

PATEE, FRED, Casper, Wyoming. 

1 specimen garnet enclosed in ma- 

trix — Casper Mountain, Wyo- 
ming (gift). 

PITTS, W. B., Sunnyvale, California. 

3 specimens chrysoprase (1 cut) — 

near Porterville, California 

2 specimens quartz — Willard, Utah 



Edwardsville, Illinois. 
2 briquettes — Edwardsville, Illinois 

RINEHART, W. G., Batesville, Ar- 
1 specimen manganese concretior 

in limestone. 
8 specimens fossil shark's teeth 
10 specimens brachiopods. 
12 specimens manganese ore. 
1 specimen copper ore. 
4 specimens rock weathering— 
Batesville, Arkansas (gift). 


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Ml I 

114 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

5 pigeons — Various localities (gift). 

2 cowbirds — Chile (gift). 

1 loon, 1 Chinese teal (gift). 

1 lizard — Pasadena, California, 


COLTON, A. S., Chicago. 
1 beetle — Chicago (gift). 

CONOVER, H. B., Chicago. 

1 least weasel — Cherry County, 

Nebraska (gift). 
1 horned grebe — Poplar Branch, 
North Carolina (gift). 

CRANE, RICHARD T., JR., Chicago. 

3 bronze groups, with mahogany 

bases, of African Natives Spear- 
ing Lions (gift). 

gee, Oklahoma. 

1 Chesapeake terrapin — Muskogee, 
Oklahoma (gift). 

1 Cumberland terrapin shell — Illi- 
nois River, Oklahoma (gift). 

DEASON, DR. W. J., Chicago. 

6 caribou, 2 Canadian woodchucks 

— Yukon Territory (gift). 

DUNLAP, MRS. F. L., Chicago. 
1 great bird of paradise (gift). 

EIFRIG, PROF. C. W. G., River 
Forest, Illinois. 
1 cicada — Bishop, Texas (gift). 

FELGER, JESSE L., Pheba, Missis- 
1 snake — Pheba, Mississippi (gift). 

Collected by C. J. Albrecht (Captain 
Marshall Field Pacific Coast 

1 gull, 1 oystercatcher, 2 cormor- 
ants — Clallam County, Wash- 

5 hair seals, 11 sea lions — La Push, 

7 mule deer — Kaibab National 
Forest, Arizona. 

Collected by G. K. Cherrie, Mrs. 
Marshall Field, K. P. Schmidt, 
C. C. Sanborn and C. Taylor 
(Captain Marshall Field Bra- 
zilian Expedition): 
362 mammals, 648 birds, 282 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 2,137 
fishes, 903 invertebrates — 
Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. 

Collected by H. B. Conover, Robert 
H. Everard and John T. Zimmer 
(Conover-Everard African Ex- 
pedition) : 
83 mammals, 322 birds — Tangan- 
yika Territory. 

Collected by Edmund Heller and 
Dr. H. H. Heller (Captain 
Marshall Field Central African 
1,170 mammals, 8 birds, 996 rep- 
tiles and amphibians, 32 fishes 
and 11 invertebrates — Central 

Collected by E. Liljeblad: 

4 butterflies, 1 moth — Edgebrook, 

Collected by Elmer S. Riggs (Captain 
Marshall Field Paleontological 
18 mammal skulls, 1 rhea skull and 
1 king vulture skull — Santa 
Cruz, Argentina. 

Collected by Col. Theodore Roose- 
velt, Kermit Roosevelt and 
George K. Cherrie (James Simp- 
son-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedi- 
225 mammals, 552 birds, 70 rep- 
tiles and amphibians and 77 
invertebrates — India and Chi- 
nese and Russian Turkestan. 

Collected by A. C. Weed and Ashley 
Hine (Rawson-MacMillan Sub- 
arctic Expedition): 
52 mammal skins and skulls, 158 
birds, 28 birds' eggs, 625 fishes 
and 931 invertebrates — Maine, 
Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, 
Labrador and Greenland. 

Collected by Third Asiatic Expedi- 
tion (American Museum of Nat- 
ural History): 
394 mammals, 249 fishes — China 
and Mongolia. 

Collected by A. B. Wolcott and Earl 
G. Wright (N. W. Harris Pub- 
lic School Extension of Field 
Museum of Natural History): 
6 insects — Hessville, Indiana. 
1 red-tailed hawk — Delavan, Wis- 


1,482 birds — Argentina. 

1 snowy owl — Edmonton, Alberta. 

9 frogs, 1 turtle — Gainesville, Flor- 

88 birds — Germany, Hungary, 
Spain and Asia Minor. 

■ • ' ■ 
. . .. 


I Mr* | 


Ml -*4<* 

<*< 1 

116 Field Museum of Natural History—Reports, Vol. VII. 


2 turtles, 1 toad, 1 snake — Cleve- 
land County, Oklahoma (ex- 

2 turtles — Okmulgee, Oklahoma 

2 lizards — Strong City, Oklahoma 

NARBO, DR. SVEN, Sandnes, Nor- 
22 birds' eggs, 15 butterflies, 80 
moths — Sandnes, Norway 

1 cave crawfish — Near Mammoth 
Cave, Kentucky (gift). 

PARKS, O., Chicago. 

5 salamanders, 8 frogs, 2 turtles — ■ 

Illinois and Indiana (gift). 
1 lizard — Sacaton, Arizona (gift). 

PATTERSON, COL. J. H„ London, 
1 English woodcock (gift). 

PING, PROF. C, Amoy, China. 
21 frogs, 13 snakes, 4 lizards — 
China (gift). 

PRAY, L. L., Homewood, Illinois. 
1 snake — Homewood, Illinois (gift). 
5 squirrel lice — Highland Park, Il- 
linois (gift). 

PSOTA, DR. F. J., Chicago. 
15 flies— Ceylon (gift). 
8 butterflies, 118 moths — Venezu- 
ela (gift). 

CLUB, Highland Park, Illinois. 
1 framed picture of Robert Ridg- 
way (gift). 

ROBINSON, R. P., Merrimac, Mas- 
8 insects — Bustin's Island, Maine 

Oyster Bay, Long Island. 
1 blackbuck — India (gift). 

RYMAL, WILLIAM H., New Buffalo, 
4 insects — New Buffalo, Michigan 

SANBORN, C. C, Highland Park, 
1 gray squirrel — Highland Park, 
Illinois (gift). 

SASKO, V. G., Chicago. 

1 butterfly — Formosa (gift). 

SCHMIDT, F. J. W., Platteville, 
4 mammals, 51 frogs, 11 snakes, 1 
turtle — Platteville, Wisconsin 

SCHMIDT, KARL P., Homewood, 
12 snakes — Kansas (gift). 

SON, Greenwich, Connecticut. 
10 mammal skins and skulls, 2 
birds, 1 turtle shell — Ybapobo, 
Paraguay (gift). 

SIMONS, MRS. C. B., Chicago. 

4 shells (gift). 

STONE, D. D., Casa Grande, Ari- 
23 mammals — Casa Grande, Ari- 
zona (gift). 

1 ferret, 4 insects — Chicago (gift). 

Huddersfield, England. 

4 birds — England (exchange). 

VAN HYNING, DR. T., Gainesville, 
79 snakes — Florida (gift). 

WALTERS, L. L., Homewood, Illinois. 

5 mammal skins and skulls — Mon- 

tana (gift). 

WEED, A. C, Chicago. 

281 insects and millipedes — Illinois 
and New York (gift). 

WELD, DR. LEWIS H., Washington, 
D. C. 
221 gall-flies and galls — Various 
localities (gift). 

WELLS, A. G., Chicago. 

17 desert tortoises — Hinkley and 
Needles, California (gift). 

WOLCOTT, A. B., Downer's Grove, 
8 insects — Illinois (gift). 

























at "J»d»- 1|0 


tMfUHal of M-Ma MM 


118 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Ministerio de Agricultura, Buenos 

Sociedad Argentina de Ciencias Nat- 

urales, Buenos Aires. 
Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 

Buenos Aires. 
Sociedad Ornitol6gica del Plata, 

Buenos Aires. 
Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 

Buenos Aires. 


Australian Museum, Sydney. 

Botanic Gardens and Government 
Domains, Sydney. 

Commonwealth of Australia, Mel- 

Department of Agriculture, Ade- 

Department of Agriculture, Sydney. 

Department of Agriculture, Well- 

Department of Mines, Brisbane. 

Department of Mines, Sydney. 

Field Naturalists' Club, Melbourne. 

Fish Commission of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

Forestry Commission, Sydney (gift). 

Geological Survey of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

Geological Survey of Western Aus- 
tralia, Perth. 

Linnean Society of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

Melbourne University. 

Ornithological Society of South Aus- 
tralia, Adelaide. 

Public Library, Museum and Art 
Gallery, Adelaide. 

Public Library, Museum and Na- 
tional Gallery of Victoria, Mel- 

Queensland Geological Survey, Bris- 

Royal Geographical Society of Aus- 
tralasia, Brisbane. 

Royal Society of Queensland, Bris- 

Royal Society of South Australia, 

Royal Society of Tasmania, Hobart. 

Royal Society of Victoria, Mel- 

Royal Society of Western Australia, 

Royal Zoological Society of New 
South Wales, Sydney. 

South Australian Museum, Ade- 

Technological Museum, Sydney. 


Akademie der Wissenschaften, 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna. 
Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft, 

Zoologisches Institut, Graz. 


Aead6mie Royale d'Archeologie, 

Academie Royale de Belgique, Brus- 

Direction de l'Agriculture, Brussels. 

Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Brus- 

Musee du Congo, Brussels. 

Musee Royal d'Histoire Naturelle 
de Belgique, Brussels. 

Musees Royaux du Cinquantenaire, 

Nederlandsch Phytopathologische 
(Plantenziekten) Vereenigen, 

Societ6 de Botanique, Brussels. 

Society Royale des Sciences, Liege. 

Vereeningen Kruidkundig Genoot- 
schap Dodonea, Ghent. 


Biblioteca Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
Escola Superior de Agricultura e 

Medicina, Veterinaria, Rio de 

Instituto de Butantan, Sao Paulo. 
Jardim Botanico, Rio de Janeiro. 
Museo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
Secretaria da Agricultura, Commer- 

cio e Obras Publicas, Sao Paulo. 
Servigo Geologico e Mineralogica, 

Rio de Janeiro. 


Board of Agriculture, Georgetown. 
Forestry Department, Georgetown. 
Royal Agricultural and Commercial 
Society, Demerara. 


Canadian Arctic Expedition, Ottawa 

Canadian chemistry and metallurgy, 
Toronto (gift). 

Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. 

Department of Agriculture, Victoria. 

Department of Lands and Forests, 

Department of Mines, Ottawa. 

Department of Mines, Ontario, 

Department of the Interior, Geo- 
logical Survey, Ottawa. 

Entomological Society of Ontario, 

• . 

t i : 

4m Sttamtm 
tmtmt 4ftl*U> 





120 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Geographische Gesellschaft, Mu- 

Georg - August - Universitat, Got- 

Gesellschaft fur Erdkunde, Berlin. 

Gesellschaft fiir Erdkunde, Leipzig. 

Gesellschaft zur Beforderung der- 
gesamten Naturwissenschaften, 

Hamburgische Universitat, Ham- 

Hessische Ludwigs Universitat, 

Museum fiir Tierkunde und Volker- 
kunde, Dresden. 

Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Berlin. 

Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Ham- 

Nassauischer Verein fiir Natur- 
kunde, Wiesbaden. 

Naturhistorischer Verein der Preus- 
sischen Rheinlande und Westfa- 
lens, Bonn. 

Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, 

Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, 

Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, 

Ornithologische Gesellschaft in Bay- 
em, Munich. 

Physikalisch - Medizinische Sozie- 
tat, Erlangen. 

Preussische Staatsbibliothek, Mu- 

Schlesische Gesellschaft fiir Vater- 
liindische Cultur, Breslau. 

Senckenbergische Naturforschende 
Gesellschaft, Frankfurt a M. 

Thuringischer Botanischer Verein, 

Universitiits Bibliothek, Marburg. 

Universitiits Bibliothek, Munich. 

Verein fiir Naturkunde, Cassel. 

Verein fiir Vaterlandische Natur- 
kunde, Wiirttemberg. 

Verein fiir Volkskunde, Berlin. 

Zoologisches Museum, Berlin. 


Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 
Ashmolean Natural History Society, 

Birmingham Natural History and 

Philosophical Society. 
Brighton and Hove Natural History 

and Philosophical Society. 
Bristol Museum. 
British Library of Political Science, 

British Museum, London. 
British Museum (Natural History), 


Cambridge Philosophical Society. 

Cambridge University. 

Croydon Natural History Society. 

Dove Marine Laboratory, Culler- 

Fisheries Board, Edinburgh. 

Geological Society, Edinburgh. 

Geological Society, Liverpool. 

Geological Survey of England and 
Wales, London. 

Geological Survey of Scotland, Edin- 

Geologists' Association, London. 

Hill Museum, London. 

Hull Municipal Museum. 

Imperial Bureau of Entomology, 

Japan Society of London. 

Lancashire Sea Fisheries Labora- 
tory, Liverpool. 

Leicester Museum, Art Gallery and 

Linnean Society, London. 

Liverpool Biological Society. 

Liverpool Free Public Museum. 

London School of Economics and 
Political Science. 

Manchester Literary and Philosoph- 
ical Society. 

Manchester Museum. 

Marine Biological Association, Ply- 

National Indian Association, Lon- 

National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. 

Oriental Ceramic Society, London 

Royal Anthropological Institute of 
Great Britain and Ireland, Lon- 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. 

Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. 

Royal Colonial Institute, London. 

Royal Geographical Society, Lon- 

Royal Horticultural Society, Lon- 

Royal Society, London. 

Royal Society of Arts, London. 

Royal Society of Edinburgh. 

School of Oriental Studies, London. 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 

South London Entomological and 
Natural History Society. 

Tring Zoological Museum. 

University Museum, Oxford. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, Lon- 

Wellcome Research Laboratories, 




:»p«»<*rb Hurt* 


. • ,» 

. : • 

122 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Nederlandsch Vogelkundigen Club, 

Rijks Ethnographisch Museum, Lei- 

Rijks Herbarium, Leiden. 

Rijks Hoogers Land-Tuin-en Bosch- 
bousschool, Wageningen. 

Rijks Museum van Natuurlijke His- 
torie, Leiden. 

Rijks Universiteit, Leiden. 

Universiteit van Amsterdam. 


Auckland Institute and Museum, 

Canterbury Museum, Christchurch. 

Department of Agriculture, Well- 

Department of Mines, Wellington. 

Dominion Museum, Wellington. 

Geological Survey, Wellington. 

New Zealand Board of Science and 
Art, Wellington. 


Bergen Museum. 
Ethnographical Museum of Oslo. 
Norges Geologiske Underskolse, 

Physiographiske Forening, Oslo. 
Tromso Museum. 
Zoologiske Museum, Oslo. 


Institute of Agriculture and Natural 
History, Tel-Aviv. 


Instituto Historico del Peru, Lima. 
Revista del Archivo Nacional, Lima. 


Acad6mie Polonaise des Sciences et 

des Amis, Cracow. 
Instytut nauk Antropologicznych 

Towarzystwa Naukowego Wars- 

zawskiego, Warsaw. 
Musei Polonici Historiae Naturalis, 

Societas Scientiarum Varsaviensis, 

Society Botanique de Pologne, War- 
Wyzszej Szkoly Handlowej Biblio- 

teke, Warsaw. 


Agenda Geral das Colonias, Lisbon. 
Biblioteca Nacional, Lisbon. 
Universidade de Coimbra, Museu 

Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon. 

University de Jassy. 


Acad£mie des Sciences, Leningrad. 

Botanical Garden, Leningrad. 

Eesti Rahva Museum, Tartus. 

Institute of Economic Mineralogy 
and Petrography, Moscow. 

Musee d'Etat de la Region Indus- 
trielle Centrale, Moscow. 

Musee de Georgie, Tirlis. 

Musee Geologique et Min6ralogique 
Pierre le Grand, Leningrad. 

Russian Zoological Journal, Mos- 

Soci6te des Amis des Sciences Na- 
turelles, d' Anthropologic et d'Eth- 
nographie, Moscow. 

Society des Naturalistes, Leningrad. 


Institucio Catalana d'Historia Na- 
tural, Barcelona. 

Junta de Ciencies Naturals, Barce- 

Junta para Amplicaci6n de Estudios 
e Investigaciones Cientificas, Ma- 

R. Aeademia de Ciencias y Artes, 

R. Aeademia de Ciencias Exactas, 
Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid. 

Sociedad Espanola de Historia Na- 
tural, Madrid. 


Goteborgs Botanika Triidgard, 

K. Biblioteket, Stockholm. 
K. Humanistiska Vetenskapssam- 

fundet, Lund. 
K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, 

K. Vitterhets Historie och Antik- 

vitets Akademien, Stockholm. 
Lunds Universitet, Lund. 


Botanischer Garten, Bern. 

Botanisches Museum, Zurich. 

Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, 

Musees d'Histoire Naturelle, Lau- 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Ba- 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zu- 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel. 

Soci6t6 Botanique, Geneva. 

Socidte' de Physique et d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Geneva. 



.jMMM !»l»l,c*. 



I ■< * '. i '. * J • 

■< » 



I . ... 


124 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

State Board of Fisheries and Game, 

State Geological and Natural His- 
tory Survey, Hartford. 

Storrs Agricultural Experiment Sta- 

Yale University, New Haven. 


State Geological Survey, Tallahas- 


Geological Survey, Atlanta. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 

Board of Commissioners of Agricul- 
ture and Forestry, Honolulu. 

Hawaiian Entomological Society, 

Hawaiian Historical Society, Hono- 

Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Associa- 
tion, Honolulu. 

University of Hawaii, Honolulu. 


Mining Industry, Boise. 
Idaho University, Moscow. 
State Historical Society of Idaho, 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Art Institute of Chicago. 

Audubon Society, Chicago. 

Board of Education, Chicago. 

Chicago Historical Society. 

Chicago Public Library. 

Department of Public Works and 
Building, Chicago. 

Division of Natural History Sur- 
vey, Urbana. 

Forestry Service, Urbana. 

Geographic Society, Chicago. 

Hardwood Record, Chicago (gift). 

Izaak Walton League of America, 
Chicago (gift). 

John Crerar Library, Chicago. 

Newberry Library, Chicago. 

Northwestern University, Evanston. 

Open Court Publishing Company, 

State Academy of Science, Spring- 

State Board of Agriculture, Spring- 

State Geological Survey, Spring- 

State Historical Library, Spring- 
State Water Survey, Springfield. 
University of Chicago. 
University of Illinois, Urbana. 


Academy of Science, Indianapolis. 

Department of Conservation, In- 

Indiana University, Bloomington. 

John Herron Art Institute, Indian- 

Purdue University, Lafayette. 

State Board of Forestry, Indianap- 

University of Notre Dame. 


Academy of Science, Des Moines. 

Historical, Memorial and Art De- 
partment, Des Moines 

Iowa Geological Survey, Des 

Iowa Horticultural Society, Des 

Iowa State College, Ames. 

University of Iowa, Iowa City. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

State Board of Agriculture, Topeka. 
State Geological Survey, Lawrence. 
State Historical Society, Topeka. 
University of Kansas, Lawrence. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Kentucky Geological Survey, Frank- 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Baton Rouge. 

Department of Conservation, Baton 

Isaac Delgado Museum, New Or- 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Bowdoin College, Brunswick. 
Portland Public Library. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
College Park. 

Enoch Pratt Free Library, Balti- 

Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 

• ! < 



..■ I . • 


* 4 ' « * ' ' 

\l • 

.1 >.' 

. » '.■> 

iftf I 


;•*' j 

126 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Garden Club of America, New York. 
Inter-American Magazine, New 

York (gift). 
Japan Society, New York. 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 

Museum of the American Indian, 

New York. 
New York Academy of Sciences. 
New York Botanical Garden, New 

New York Historical Society, New 

Pratt Institute, New York. 
Public Library, New York. 
Rochester Academy of Science. 
Rochester Municipal Museum. 
Rockefeller Foundation, New York. 
State College of Forestry, Syracuse. 
State Library, Albany. 
State Museum, Albany. 
Staten Island Institute of Arts and 

Sciences, New York. 
Stone Publishing Company, New 

University of the State of New 

York, Albany. 
Vassar College, Poughkeepsie. 
Zoological Society, New York. 
Long Sang Ti Curio Company, New 

York (gift.) 


Duke University, Durham. 
Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, 
Chapel Hill. 


Biological Station, University Sta- 

Geological Survey, University Sta- 

University of North Dakota, Uni- 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Cincinnati Museums Association. 

Cincinnati Society of Natural His- 

Cleveland Museum of Art. 

Cleveland Museum of Natural His- 

Cleveland Public Library. 

Denison University, Granville. 

Geological Survey, Columbus. 

Ohio Academy of Science, Columbus. 

State Archaeological and Historical 
Society, Columbus. 

State University, Columbus. 

University of Cincinnati. 

Wilson Ornithological Club, Oberlin. 


Oklahoma Academy of Science, 

Oklahoma Geological Survey, Nor- 

University of Oklahoma, Norman. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
"University of Oregon, Eugene. 


Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 

American Philosophical Society, 

Bryn Mawr College. 

Bureau of Topographical and Geo- 
logical Survey, Harrisburg. 

Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh. 

Dropsie College, Philadelphia. 

Engineers' Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania, Pittsburgh. 

Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. 

Lehigh University, Bethlehem. 

Pennsylvania Museum and School 
of Industrial Art, Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. 

Philadelphia Commercial Museum. 

Sullivant Moss Society, Pittsburgh. 

University of Pennsylvania, Phila- 

University of Pennsylvania, Mu- 
seum, Philadelphia. 

Wagner Free Institute of Science, 

Wistar Institute of Anatomy and 
Biology, Philadelphia. 

Bureau of Education, Manila. 
Department of Agriculture, Manila. 
Department of Agriculture and Na- 
tural Resources, Manila. 
Department of Interior, Bureau of 
Science, Manila. 

Charleston Museum. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Geological and Natural History Sur- 
vey, Vermilion. 


Academy of Science, Nashville. 
Agricultural Experiment Station, 



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130 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 

State of Illinois ) 

V go 

Cook County / 

I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

ISeal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the 
Secretary of State for Illinois. 


Pursuant to a resolution at a meeting of the corporate members held the 
10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 


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132 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Member. Non-Resident Associate Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded 
to Associate Members. 

Section 9. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such 
other Museum documents or publications as may be requested in writing. When 
a Sustaining Member has paid the annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such mem- 
ber shall be entitled to become an Associate Member. 

Section 10. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of ten dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the member 
to a card of admission for the member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every Museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co- 
operative interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including 
tickets for any lectures given under the auspices of any of the Museums during a 
visit to the cities in which the cooperative museums are located. 

Section 11. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of 
Trustees may order. 



Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

SECTION 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of each month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 


honorary trustees 

Section 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, those Trustees who by reason of inability, on account of 
change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer 
in such capacity shall resign their place upon the Board, may be elected, by a 
majority of those present at anv regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary 
Trustee for life. Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings 
of the Board of Trustees, whether regular or special, and will be expected to be 
present at all such meetings and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an 
Honorary Trustee shall not have the right to vote. 








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134 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Curators shall be ap- 
pointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall 
serve during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the 
scientific departments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon 
the recommendation of the Curators of the respective Departments. The 
Director shall have authority to employ and remove all other employees of the 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing 
the work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in 
pamphlet form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free 
distribution in such number as the Board may direct. 



Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, set- 
ting forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times 
as may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all 
bills rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 



Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension and Executive. 

SECTION 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of five members, the 
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the 
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four 
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and 
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali- 
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate 
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are 
named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be Chair- 
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice- 
chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event of 
the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regular elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 

: i j r. 

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136 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 


Ayer, Edward E. 
Buckingham, Miss Kate S. 

♦Harris, Norman W. 


*Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Captain Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 

♦Pullman, George M. 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna Louise 
♦Raymond, James Nelson 

Simpson, James 
♦Sturgis, Mrs. Mary D. 


Ayer, Edward E. 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E. 

Blackstone, Mrs. T. B. 
Breasted, Prof. James H. 

Chalmers, William J. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crane, Richard T., Jr. 

Field, Captain Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 

Jones, Arthur B. 

Keep, Chauncey 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf Adolf, 
Crown Prince of Sweden 

McCormick, Stanley 

Rosenwald, Julius 
Rosenwald, Mrs. Augusta N. 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Sprague, Albert A. 


*Akeley, Carl E. 
Armour, Allison V. 

Butler, Edward B. 

Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 


Cummings, Mrs. Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Kelley, William V. 
Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 

Knight, Charles R. 
Kunz, George F. 

Langdon, Prof. Stephen 

Markham, Charles H. 
Mitchell, John J. 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Strawn, Silas H. 

White, Howard J. 



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138 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 


Abbott, Robert S. 
Aldis, Arthur T. 
Alexander, William A. 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Ames, Knowlton L. 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, J. Ogden 
Armour, Lester 
Avery, Sewell L. 
Ayer, Edward E. 

Babcock, Frederick R. 

Bacon, Edward Richardson, Jr. 

Baker, Miss Isabelle 

Banks, Alexander F. 

Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 

Barrett, Robert L. 

Bassford, Lowell C. 

Bendix, Vincent 

Bensabott, R. 

Billings, C. K. G. 

Billings, Dr. Frank 

Blackstone, Mrs. T. B. 

Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 

Blair, Henry A. 

Blair, Watson F. 

Block, L. E. 

Block, Philip D. 

Booth, W. Vernon 

Borden, John 

Borland, Chauncey B. 

Brewster, Walter S. 

Brown, Charles Edward 

Brown, William L. 

Buchanan, D. W. 

Budd, Britton I. 

buffington, eugene j. 

Burnham, John 

Burt, William G. 

Butler, Edward B. 

Butler, Julius W. 

Byram, Harry E. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Benjamin 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carry, Edward F. 
Carton, L. A. 
Chalmers, William J. 

Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Clark, Eugene B. 
Clay, John 
Clegg, Henry G. 
Clegg, Mrs. Henry G. 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Clinch, R. Floyd 
Clow, William E. 


Copley, Col. Ira Cliff, (N. R.) 
Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cramer, E. W. 
Cramer, Mrs. Katharine S. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crane, Richard T., Jr. 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A., 
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, D. Mark 
Cunningham, Frank S. 
Cutten, Arthur W. 

Dau, J. J. 
Davies, D. C. 
Davies, Mrs. D. C. 
Dawes, Charles G. 
Day, Albert M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Defrees, Joseph H. 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Deutsch, Mrs. Armand S. 
Dick, Albert Blake 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Donnelley, Reuben H. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Douglas, James H. 
Drake, John B. 
Drake, Tracy C. 

Eckhart, B. A. 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Fair, Robert M. 
Farnum, Henry W. 

!*_•• MnaiTuR. 

I ■ 

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twromt< u 



>,< . 

LK» H 

■ t . i 

^toa T 


IOM » 

140 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Morse, Charles H., Jr. 
Morton, Joy 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

Oakley, Horace S. 
O'Brien, John J. 
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patten, Mrs. James A. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payne, John Barton 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Augustus S. 
Perkins, Herbert F. 
Pick, Albert 
Pierce, Charles I. 
Piez, Charles 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Frank W. 
Porter, George F. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 
Porter, H. H. 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Raymond, Mrs. James Nelson 
Rea, Mrs. Robert L. 
Revell, Alexander H. 
Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine Field 
Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Rosenwald, Julius 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. (N. R.) 
Rosenwald, William 
runnells, clive 
Runnells, John S. 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Carrie H. 
Ryerson, Edward L. 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Fred Wesley 

Schweppe, Charles H. 

Scott, Frank H. 

Scott, George E. 

Scott, Harold N. 

Scott, John W. 

Shaffer, John C. 

Shirk, Joseph H. 

Simpson, James 

Simpson, William B. 

Smith, Alexander 

Smith, Solomon A. 

Soper, James P. 

Spalding, Keith 

Spaulding, Mrs. Howard H., Jr. 

Sprague, Albert A. 

Stearns, Charles B., Sr. 

Stern, Mrs. Alfred K. 

Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. (N. R.) 

Stevens, Charles A. 

Stewart, Robert W. 

Stirton, Robert C. 

Storey, W. B. 

Stout, Frank D. 

Strawn, Silas H. 

Studebaker, Clement, Jr. 

Sturges, George 

Sunny, B. E. 

Swift, Charles H. 

Swift, Edward F. 

Swift, G. F., Jr. 

Swift, Harold H. 

Swift, Louis F. 

Thorne. Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Traylor, Melvin A. 

Uihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Valentine. Louis L. 
Van Vechten, Ralph 
Veatch, George L. 
Viles, Lawrence M. 

Wacker, Charles H. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Warner, Ezra Joseph 
Weber, David 
Welling, John P. 
Wetmore, Frank O. 
Wheeler, Charles P. 
White, F. Edson 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward L. 
Wieboldt, William A. 




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142 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Billow, Elmer E. 

Birk, Frank J. 

Bistor, James E. 

Blackman, Nathan L. 

Blair, Edward T. 

Blake, Tiffany 

Blatchford, Carter 

Blatchford, N. H., Sr., 

Blayney, Thomas C. 

Bliss, Miss Amelia M. 

Block, Emanuel J. 

Blome, Rudolph S. 

Blum, David 

Blum, Harry H. 

Blunt, J. E., Jr. 

Bodman, Mrs. Luther 

Boericke, Mrs. Anna 

Bolter, Joseph C. 

bondy, berthold 

Boomer, Dr. Paul 

Booth, Alfred 

Borland, Mrs. Bruce 

Born, Moses 

Bosch, Charles 

Both, William C. 

Bourne, Ralph H. 

Bowen, Mrs. Louise De Koven 

Boyack, Harry 

Boyd, Thomas M. 

Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 

Boyden, Miss Rosalie S. 

Boyden, Mrs. William C, Jr. 

Boynton, Mrs. C. T. 

Boynton, F. P. 

Bradley, J. Dorr 

Blair, Mrs. Natalie 

Bramble, Delhi G. C. 

Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr. 

Brandes, A. G. 

Brandt, Charles H. 

Brassert, Herman A. 

Brauer, Mrs. Paul 

Braun, Mrs. Martha E. 

Breckinridge, Prof. S. P. 

Bremner, Mrs. David F. 

Brendecke, Miss June 

Brennan, Bernard G. 

Bridge, George S. 

Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 

Brigham, Miss F. M. 

Brock, A. J. 

Brodribb, Lawrence C. 

Broome, Thornhill 

Bross, Mrs. Mason 

Brown, A. W. 

Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Dr. Edward M. 
Brown, George D. 
Brown, Mrs. George Dewes 
Brown, John T. 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Buehler, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. M. A. 
Bullock, Carl C. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burley, Clarence A. 
Burnham, Mrs. E. 
Burry, Mrs. William 
Busby, Leonard A. 
Bush, David D. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, Paul 
Butler, Rush C. 
Butz, Herbert O. 
Butz, Robert T. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Buzzell, Edgar A. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 

Cable, J. E. 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Cahn, William M. 
Caldwell, J. T. 
Cameron, Dan U. 
Cameron, John M. 
Cameron, W. J. 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, George S. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, Edmund S. 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 


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144 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Donnelley, Mrs. R. R. 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doud, Mrs. Levi B. 
Dreyfus, Moise 
Drummond, James J. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dunham, Miss M. V. 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Scott S. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 
Dux, Joseph G. 

Easterberg, G. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eastman, R. M. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, H. G. 
Eckstein, Louis 
Eddy, Mrs. Arthur J. 
Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, W. B. 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eiger, Oscar S. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Elcock, Edward G. 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Ellsworth, Mrs. E. O. 
Elting, Philip L. F. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Engwall, John F. 
Epstein, Max 
Ericson, Melvin B. 
Ericsson, H. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert De Wolf 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, Hon. Evan A. 
Evans, Mrs. Grace Ross 

Fabry, Herman 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Fahrney, Ezra C. 
Fahrney, E. H. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 

Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farr, Newton Camp 
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faukot, Henry 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, W. K. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Ferguson, Charles W. 
Fernald, Charles 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filek, August 
Finn, Joseph M. 
Fish, Isaac 

Flexner, Washington 
Florsheim, Milton S. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Foote, Peter 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Foreman, Henry G. 
Foreman, Oscar G. 
Foresman, Mrs. W. Coates 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Foster, Stephen A. 
Foster, Volney 
Foster, Mrs. William C 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frankenstein, W. B. 
Frear, A. Edward 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freer, Archibald E. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freund, Charles E. 
Freund, I. H. 
Frey, Charles Daniel 
Frddstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedman, Oscar J. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Fry, Henry I. 
Fuller, Judson M. 
Fuller, Leroy W. 
Furst, Eduard A. 

Gabriel, Charles 
Gallagher, Vincent G. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Galvin, Wm. A. 
Garcia, Jose 

fUrcwr or nt< 

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146 Field Museum of|Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heller, Albert 
Hellyer, Walter 
Henley, Eugene H. 
Henry, Otto 
Herrick, W. D. 
Herron, James C. 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Hess, Mrs. Charles Wilbur 
Hettler, Herman H. 
Heun, Arthur 
Heyworth, Mrs. James O. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higinbotham, Harlow N. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hillbrecht, Herbert E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hinkley, James O. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hird, Frederick H. 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Robert 
Hoelscher, Herman M. 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Frank K. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, John L. 
Horan, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William W. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hosmer, Philip 
Howard, Harold A. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Arthur 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howell, William 
Howse, Richard 
Hudson, Mrs. H. Newton 
Hudson, William E. 

Huey, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 
Hurd, N. L. 

Hurley, Edward N., Sr. 
Hutchins, James C. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hynes, Rev. J. A. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Isham, Henry P. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, W. J. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Siegfried T. 
Jaffray, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
James, William R. 
Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenks, R. William Shippen 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert 
Johnson, Albert M. 
Johnson, Alfred 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Joseph F. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnstone, George A. 
Johnstone, Dr. Mary M. S. 
Jones, Fred B. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 
Jones, G. H. 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Warren G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, David G. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judah, Noble Brandon 
Juergens, H. Paul 
juergens, wm. f. 

Kahn, Gus. 
Kahn, Louis 
Kalacinski, Mrs. Felix 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 

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148 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mac Cardle, H. B. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
Mac Leish, John E. 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magee, Henry W. 
Magnus, August C. 
Magwire, Mrs. Mary F. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Mandel, Mrs. Babette F. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Frederick 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Mann, John P. 
Mansure, Edmund L. 
Mariner. W. E. 
Mark, Anson 
Marks, Louis 
Marquis, A. N. 
Mars, G. C. 

Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, Horace Hawes 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Mauran, Charles S. 
Mauritzen, H. A. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCluer, W. B. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus, Jr. 
McCormick, Howard, H. 
McCormick, L. Hamilton 
McCormick, Robert H., Jr. 
McCracken, Miss Willietta 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McIlvaine, William B. 
McKay, James R. 
McKeever, Buel 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McLennan, Mrs. John A. 
McNamara, Louis G. 

McNulty, Joseph D. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Merrill, Henry S. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Meyer, Abraham 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Albert 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyer, E. F. 
Meyer, Oscar 
Meyercord, G. R. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhening, Joseph 
Millard, Frank H. 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. Jr. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 
Miller, Walter F. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Miner, Dr. Carl 
Miner, H. J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, William H. 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
moderwell, c. m. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Mopfatt, Mrs. Elizabeth M. 
Mohr, Albert 
Mohr, Wm. J. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moody, Mrs. William Vaughn 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morand, Simon J. 
Morey, Charles W. 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. Kendrick E. 
Morrill, Nahum 
Morriss, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. Charles E. 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morton, Sterling 
Mouat, Andrew 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Mueller, A. M. 
Mueller, Paul H. 





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150 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Powell, Mrs. Ambrose V. 
Prahl Frederick A. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prussing, Mrs. George C. 
Pusey, Dr. William Allen 

Quinlan, Charles Shepard 

Radau, Hugo 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Randle, Hanson F. 
Rasmussen, George 
Reade, William A. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redington, Mrs. W. H. 
Reed, Kersey Coates 
Reed, Norris H. 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Rehm, Frank A. 
Rehm, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Rice, George L. 
Rich, Edward P. 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Richter, Bruno 
Ricketts, C. Lindsay 
Riddle, Herbert H. 
Ridgeway, E. 
Ridgway, William 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. J. H. 
Rigney, William T. 
Ripley, Robert H. 
Riser, John A. 
Ritman, Hyman B. 


Roach, Charles 
Roberts, Clark T. 
Roberts, John M. 
Robertson, William 
Robinson, Mrs. Milton E„ Sr. 
Robson, Mrs. Sarah C 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Roehling, C. E. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Rogers, Bernard F. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 


Rosenthal, James 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 

rothacker, watterson r. 
Rothschild, George W. 
Rothschild, Maurice L. 
Rothschild, Melville N. 
Rowe, Edgar C. 
Rubovits, Toby 
Rueckheim, F. W. 
Russell, Dr. J. W. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Salisbury, Mrs. Warren M. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sauter, Leonard J. 
Schacht, John H. 


Schaffner, Robert C. 
schermerhorn, w. i. 
Schlake, William 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schmitz, Nicholas J. 


Schroeder, Dr. George H. 

schukraft, william 

schulman, a. s. 

Schulze, William 

Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel J., Jb. 

Schwarz, Herbert 

Scott, Frank H. 

Scott, Robert L. 

Seabury, Charles W. 

Seaman, George M. 

Sears, J. Alden 

Seaver, A. E. 

Seeburg, Justus P. 

Seip, Emil G. 

Seipp, Clarence T. 

Seipp, Edwin A. 

Seipp, William C. 

Sencenbaugh, Mrs. G. W. 

Seng, Frank J. 

Seng, J. T. 

Shaffer, Carroll 

Shaffer, Charles B. 

Shambaugh, Dr. Geo. E. 

Shannon, Angus R. 

Shapiro, Meyer 

Sharp, William N. 

Sharpe, N. M. 

» 1 1 I 

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152 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Tredwell, John 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Mrs. Charlton A. 
Tuttle, Henry Emerson 
Tyler, Albert S. 
Tyler, Orson K. 
Tyson, Russell 

Uhlmann, Fred 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic 

Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
Van Cleef, Paul 
Van Deventer, Christopher 
Van ness, Gardiner B. 
Van Schaick, Gerard 
Van Zwoll, Henry B. 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehon, Morris 
Victor, Mrs. Jessie K. 
Vierling, Louis 
Volicas, Dr. John N. 
Voorhees, Condit 
Vopicka, Charles J. 

Wagner, Dr. G. W. 
Wagner, John E. 
Wagner, Mrs. Mary G. 
Waller, E. C. 
Waller, H. P. 
Waller, J. Alexander 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wanner, Mrs. Henry J. 
Ward, Edward J. E. 
Ware, Mrs. Lyman 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warren, J. Latham 
Warwick, W. E. 
Washburne, Clarke 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Webb, George D. 
Weber, Bernard F. 
Weber, Frank C. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Weil, Isadore 

Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weissenbach, Mrs. Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 
Wentworth, Hunt 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Wettling, Louis E. 
Whealan, Emmett 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Robert 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whitlock, William A. 
Wiborg, Frank B. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Harry L. 
Williams, Lucian M. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Wilms, Herman P. 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Mrs. Margaret H. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert Conover 
Wilson, William G. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winterbotham, John H. 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. Francis M. 
Woley, Dr. Harry P. 
Wolf, Henry M. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolff, Louis 
Wood, John G. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodruff, George 
Woodward, C. H. 


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154 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Carey, Mrs. William P. 
Carney, William Roy 
Cary, Dr. Frank 
Casselberry, Mrs. William E. 
Chadwick, Charles H. 
Challenger, Mrs. Agnes 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chapman, Mrs. Doris L. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cohen, Benjamin 
Cohen, Louis 
Cohn, Milton M. 
Compton. D. M. 
Connell, Phillip G. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Coombs, James F. 
Cowles, Thomas H. 
Coyle, Edwin L. 
Cratty, Mrs. Josiah 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromwell, George O. 
Cronwall, Edward C. 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, James D. 

Dalmar, Hugo 
Dana, W. D. 
Daniels, H. L. 
Danz, Charles A. 
Darling, Mrs. Charles 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davies, Warren T. 
Dearbeyne, Arden 
De Dardel, Carl O. 
Degan, David 
Deiches, Sigmund 
De Golyer, Robert S. 
De Lemon, H. R. 
Deming, Everett G. 
De Windt, Heyliger A. 
Dickinson, J. M. Jr. 
Dickinson, Theodore 
Dodge, O. V. 
Donnelly, Chris J. 
dormand, w. l. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, William A. 
Dowdle, John J. 
Dreiske, George J. 
Dubow, Jacob A. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunn, W. Frank 

Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dyche, William A. 

Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitol, Max 
Ellingsen, E. 
Elworthy, Robert S. 
Elting, Howard 

Felsenthals, Edward George 
Feltman, Charles H. 
Felton, S. M. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Ferguson, William H. 
Fisher, George P. 
Fisher, Hon. Harry M. 
Fisher, Walter L. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 


Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Frank, Jerome N. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frisbie, Chauncey 0. 
Frost, Mrs. Charles 
Fulton, Frank D. 
Furry, William S. 

Gall, Charles H. 

Gallagher, Mrs. M. F. 

Gardner, Henry A. 

Garraway, S. G. 

Gaw, George T. 

Gay, Dr. Robert J. 

Gear, H. B. 

Gibbs, Dr. John Philip 

Gilchrist, Mrs. William A. 

Gilmer, Dr. Thomas L. 

Glenn, Mrs. J. M. 

Glick, Harry 

Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 

Goode, Rowland T. 

Gooden, G. E. 

Goodwin, George S. 

Grant, James D. 

Grant, John G. 

Graver, James P. 

Gray, Rev. James M. 

Green, J. B. 

Greenlee, Mrs. Wm. Brooks 

Griffiths, George W. 

Griswold, Harold T. 

Grotenhuis, Mrs. William J. 

Grulee, Lowry K. 



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VI. .• 



156 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

McCaughey, Frank J. 
McConnell, G. Malcolm 
McCormack, Prof. Harry 
McCrea, W. S. 
McDivitt, Herbert J. 
McIntosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McIver, Dana T. 
McMenemy, L. T. 
McVoy, John M. 
Meerhoff, Charles E. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Miller, John J. 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J., Jr. 
Mitchell, Mrs. John J., Jr. 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mohr, Edward 
Mohr, Miss Harriet 
Monaghan, Thomas H. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Murphy, John P. V. 

Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Nathan, Claude 
Nebel, Herman C. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Newhouse, Karl 
Niemann, Fred W. 

O'Connor, Mrs. John R. 
O'Neil, John P. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Ott, John Nash 

Packer, Charles Swasey 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. Ralph W. 
Parkinson, Robert H. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Payne, Arthur W. 
Pearson, Geo. A., Jr. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Pflaum, A. J. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Pierce, Mrs. Frank E. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Piszatowski, Edward B. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Plunkett, William H. 
Pole, James S. 

Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Press, Mrs. Jacob H. 
Prothero, Dr. James H. 
Puckey, F. W. 


Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Randall, Irving 
Rathje, William J. 
Rayner, Arnold P. 
Rea, Dr. Albertine L. 
Rich, Elmer 
Richardson, George 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Rickcords, Francis 
Ries, Dr. Emil 
Rinder, E. W. 
Robbins, Henry S. 
Roche, Martin 
Roessler, Carl C. 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rothschild, Justin 
Routh, George D., Jr. 
Rueckheim, Louis 
Rutherford, John J. 
Ryerson, Donald M. 

Sanborn, E. W. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Scheunemann, Robt. G. 
Schireson, Dr. Henry J. 
Schlitt, Herman J. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Scott, E. H. 
Shattuck, Walter F. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Sincere, Charles 
Skooglund, David 
Slader, Thomas 
Smith, Walter Bourne 
Smithies, Dr. Frank 
sonneveld, jacob, sr. 
Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Strandberg, Eric P. 

Taylor, Charles Cortland 
Teed, Frank B. 
Thompson, C. E. 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Toolen, Clarence A. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Tucker, S. A. 

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158 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Anderson, David G. 
Anderson, John Arthur 
Anderson, John E. 
Anderson, Norman K. 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Dr. Benjamin F. 
Andrews, Dr. Edmund 
Anthony, Charles E. 
Antonow, Samuel L. 
Arbuckle, Mrs. G. S. 
Arens, Dr. Robert A. 
Armstrong, Edward E. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Katherine 
Arn, W. G. 

Arnold, Mrs. DeWitt R. 
Arnold, Francis M. 
Arquette, George L. 
Arthur, George E. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ascher, Nathan 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Jr. 
Ashcraft, R. M. 
Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H. 
Auble, Wilson C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret H. 
Austin, William B. 
Austrian, Mrs. Edwin 
Avery, A. E. 
Axelson, Charles F. 
Axman, Samuel H. 
Ayers, Burley B. 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babcock, Adolph 
Babcock, Mrs. E. N. 
Babcock, F. M. 
Babcock, Orville E. 
Bachmann, Dr. Harrold A. 
Bacon, Dr. C. S. 
Badger, Dr. Shreve Cowles 
Bagge, Christian U. 
Baggot, Edward B. 
Bailey, Dr. G. T. 
Baker, Arthur R. 
Baker, Claude M. 
Baker, James Childs 
Baker, Miss Lillian 
Balch, Howard K. 
Baldwin, E. H. 
Baldwin, J. F. 
Baldwin, Miss Rosecrans 
Baldwin, William 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ball, John 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Ballas, A. L. 

Bame, Adolph 
Bangs, William D. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banks, Charles Ackert 
Banning, Samuel W. 
Barker, Lewis 
Barlow, Mrs. Henry C. 
Barnes, Carl L. 
Barnes, W. 
Barrett, M. J. P. 
Barrett, Oliver R. 
Bartells, Dr. Henry W. F. 
Barth, Lewis L. 
Bartholf, William J. 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, William., Jr. 
Bartlett, Charles C. 
Bascom, F. T. 
Bass, Dr. G. E. 
Bass, Mrs. Perkins 
Bates, Joseph A. 
Baum, James E., Jr. 
Baum, Mrs. James E., Jr. 
Baumann, Mrs. F. 0. 
Bausch, William C. 
Baxter, Dr. George E. 
Baxter, John E. 
Bayless, Harry C. 
Baylor, Dr. Frank W. 
Beach, Calvin B. 
Beacom, Harold 
Beardsley, Mrs. Madeline J. 
Beck, Dr. E. G. 
Beck, Herbert 
Beck, H. Frederic 
Beck, Dr. Joseph C. 
Becker, Lothar 
Beckwith, Mrs. Edwin B. 
Beerly, G. E. 
Behrens, George A. 
Beidler, Augustus F. 
Beil, Harry H. 
Belden, Joseph C. 
Belinski, S. A. 
Bell, Hayden N. 
Bellows, Mrs. L. E. H. 
Bennet, William S. 
Bennett, E. H. 
Bennington, Harold 
Benoist, William F. 
Bensler, Ernest 
Bentley, Richard 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berenbaum, Samuel 
Berg, Dr. O. H. 

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160 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Bunzel, Paul M. 
Burdick, Dr. Alfred S. 


Burgmeier, John M. 
Burnham, Claude G. 
burnham, d. h. 
Burnham, Hubert 
Burns, John J. 
Burnstine, M. H. 
Burr, Maurice 
Burrows, Dr. Gene 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Burton, Fred A. 
Busch, Francis X. 


Bussian, John A. 
Butler, Edward P. 
Butzow, Dr. Arthur M. 
Buxbaum, Dr. Henry 
Byrne, Dr. M. W. K. 
Byrne, Thomas H. 

Cahn, Benjamin R. 
Caldwell, Dr. Charles P. 
Caldwell, Louis G. 
Callahan, Mrs. A. F. 
Callner, Joseph M. 
Calvin, Dr. Joseph K. 
Camp, Benjamin B. 
Camp, Curtis B. 
Campbell, Andrew L. 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campbell, Mrs. Isaiah 
Campbell, Robert A. 
Campbell, Robert W. 
Campe, Frank O. 
Card, Joseph B. 
Carey, Frank L. 
Carleton, Stanley 
Carlile, William B. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carls, Dr. Fred G. 
Carlsen, Charles J. 
Carlsen, Dr. Haldor 
Carnahan, Mrs. Glen C. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Carroll, Michael A. 
Carter, Allan J. 
Carter, Frederick M. 
Casavant, Gustav A. 
Cass, Mrs. Roy H. 
Cassels, G. J. 
Cassidy, William J. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, Sydney 

Cates, Dudley 
Cavenee, Mrs. C. M. 
Cerf, Louis R. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Cessna, Dr. Charles E. 
Chamblin, Mrs. William ,F. 
Champion, Harry A. 
Chandler, C. F. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Frank R. 
Chapin, Rufus, F. 
Chapman, Mrs. John A. 
Chapman, William Gerard 
Chase, Samuel T. 
Chattin, William 
Chavis, Dr. Samuel W. 
Chester, H. H. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Childs, Lester C. 
Chislett, Dr. Howard R. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Christie, Dr. Roy E. 
Christie, Sigurd A. 
Christofferson, Dr. E. A. 
Chunn, Clay D. 
Churan, Leo M. 
Churchill, Richard S. 
Ciotola, Dr. E. 
Clapp, Dr. Hubert B. 
Clark, Dr. Charles C. 
Clark, Harry B. 
Clark, H. K. 
Clark, James D. 
Clark, Mancel T. 
Clark, Ralph C. 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Claussen, Edmund J. 
Clavey, F. B. 
Claypool, Glen F. 
Clayton, Benjamin W. 
Cleary, John J., Jr. 
Cleave, Mrs. Frances D. 
Cleminson, Dr. Haldane 
Cloney, T. W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cloyes, William E. 
Cluff, Edwin E. 
Coburn, Alonzo J. 
Coburn, John J. 
Coburn, J. M. 
Cochran, J. L. 
Colburn, Warren E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Cole, E. Leslie 


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162 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Dunning, N. Max 
Dunscomb, George H. 
Dupee, Eugene H. 
Durham, Mrs. Eleanor G. 
Duval, Carl E. 
Du Val, Dr. Emile C. 

Easthope, Joseph 
Eaton, Dr. D. B. 
Ebbesen, A. C. 
Eck, Dr. Charles P. 
Eddy, Mrs. Morris R. 
Edlin, Dr. J. V. 
Edmonds, Miss Nora 
Edmondson, Edmund P. 
Ehrman, Walter E. 
Ehrmann, Dr. Fred J. E. 
Eichman, Mrs. Harvey F. 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Joseph L. 
Eley, Ning 
Ellbogen, Mrs. Max 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Francke C. 
Elliott, L. G. 
Elmer, Dr. Raymond F. 
Elmslie, George G. 
Elting, Mrs. W. M. 
Emig, Howard A. 
Engelhard, Benjamin M. 
Engels, Dr. Nicholas R. 
England, Edward L. 
Engle, Mrs. Walter 
English, John J. 
Enright, Frank J. 
Epstein, Benjamin P. 
Epstein, Henry P. 
Erd, Arthur A. 
Erickson, Elmer 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Esmond, John W. 
Estes, C. E. 
Eterno, Dr. John 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Everett, Edward W. 
Ewen, William R. T. 

Fair, Dr. Fred F. 
Fanning, C. G. 
Fantus, Dr. Bernard 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farnsworth, G. J. 
Favorite, Mrs. Isabel C. 
Fenley, William H. 
Fentress, James 
Ferguson, Dr. Allen Harvey 

Ferguson, Edward A. 
Fetzer, William R. 
Field, Henry 

Field, Mrs. Wentworth G. 
Findley, Dr. Ephraim K. 
Finigan, Thomas 
Fink, George E. 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fitch, Thomas 
Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 
Flaherty, Joseph F. 
Flanigan, Arthur H. 
Floyd, Henry B. 
Foley, Harry B. 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forrest, George D. 
Fortelka, Dr. Frank L. 
Fortune, John L. 
Fosburg, H. A. 
Fosdick, K. I. 
Foster, Chauncey C. 
Foster, Dr. Mabel G. 
Fowler, Carl 
Fowler, G. F. 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, David 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Franke, Dr. Fred C. 
Franke, Dr. Meta E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franklin, M. E. 
Fraser, Joseph J. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frederick, R. L. 
Freeman, Walter W. 
Freeman, William A. 
Freer, H. M. 
French, C. W. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Fried, Harry N. 
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton 
Frieder, Edward N. 
Friedman, Mrs. I. K. 
Friedman, I. S. 
Fucik, E. J. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gaber, Benjamin 
Gabriel, Frank J. 
Gaither, Otho S. 
Gale, Abram 
Gallup, Edward 
Gamble, James A. 
Gannon, George 
Gano, David R. 



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164 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Hajek, Henry F. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Charles R. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, George C. 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, O. L. 
Hallett, A. E. 
Hambleton, C. J. 
Hambleton, Mrs. Earl L. 
Hamilton, Alex K. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, Robert J. 
Hammel, George E. 
Hammer, Hans H. 
Hammer, Thomas H. 
Hammers, M. J. 
Hammond, Roy E. 
Hance, Paul W. 
Hancock, Frank A. 
Hand, H. N. 
Hanly, Clarence P. 
Hanover, William 
Hanna, Francis D. 
Hannaford, Alfred 
Hannah, Alexander W. 
Hannan, Miss Elizabeth Q. 
Hansen, Miss Alma C. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Harding, S. Lawrence 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Harmon, Hubert R. 
Harmon, John H. 
Harner, George W. 
Harriman, Frank B., Sr. 
Harriman, Mrs. Karl E. 
Harris, D. J. 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, J. Max 
Harris, O. A. 
Harris, Wallace R. 
Harris, William L. 
Harrison, Harry P. 
Harrison, James D. 
Harrold, James P. 
Hart, Mrs. Helena 
Hart, Henry D. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, William N. 
Hartigan, Clare 
Hartmann, Henry, Sr. 
Hartwig, O. J. 
Harvey, Byron S. 

Harwood, Frederick 
Harwood, T. W. 
Hastings, Edmund A. 
Hately, Miss Louise 
Hatfield, Mrs. R. Le Fevre 
Hatterman, Mrs. William E. 
Haughey, James M. 
Hauser, J. C. 
Hausse, Richard H. 
Haven, Alfred C. 
Havens, Samuel M. 
Hawkins, F. P. 
Hawkins, J. C. 
Hawkinson, J. T. 
Hawley, Albert P. 
Hawthorne, V. R. 
Healy, John J. 
Heath, William A. 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Hebel, Oscar 
Hechler, Valentine 
Heck, John 
Heckendorf, R. A. 
Heckinger, William J. 
Hector, Dr. William S. 
Hedges, Fleming D. 
Hedman, John A. 
Heerema, Gerrit 
Heg, Ernest, Sr. 
Heidler, Frank J. 
Heifetz, Sam 
Heineke, Carl 
Heinemann, John B. 
Heinfelden, Curt H. G. 
Heinz, L. Herman 
Heise, William F. 
Heller, Bruno F. 
Henrickson, Magnus 
Hendrickson, Olof B. 
Henry, Charles W. 
Henry, Claude D. 
Henry, C. Duff 
Henry, H. B. 
Henschein, H. Peter 
Hensel, Herman E. 
Hertel, Hugo S. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertz, Mrs. John D. 
Hertzberg, Arthur G. 
Hertzberg, Edward 
Herzman, Dr. Morris H. 
Hess, John L. 
Hess, Sol H. 
Hessert, Gustav 
Hessert, Dr. William 



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166 Field Museum of Natural, History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Isaacs, Michael H. 
Iverson, Ralph H. 

Jackson, David H. 
Jackson, Mrs. James P. 
Jackson, John B. 
Jackson, William F. 
Jacob, Charles W. 
Jacobs, Mrs. C. R. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jacobson, William 
Jaeger, Edward W. 
Jaegermann, William A. 
Jaicks, Andrew 
James, Charles B. 
James, Mrs. Ernest J. 
James, Henry D. 
James, Mrs. Ralph H. 
James, Dr. T. Franklin 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jampolis, Mrs. Mark 
Janata, Louis J. 
Janoff, Abe 
Jaques, Louis T. 
Jarchow, Alfred W. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarema, Alexander L. 
Jarvis, William B., Sr. 
Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 
Jehn, Rev. Ernest G. 
Jenks, Pierre G. 
Jennings, S. C. 
Jensen, Carl F. 
Jensen, Gorm 
Jernberg, C. Edgar 
Jernberg, Carl L. 
Jessup, Dr. Franklin C. 
Jirsa, Dr. Otto J. 
Johanigman, Sterling E. 
Johnsen, Charles 
Johnson, August 
Johnson, B. W. 
Johnson, Emil A. 
Johnson, Harry C 
Johnson, Henry G. 
Johnson, James C 
Johnson, Martin A. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Philip C 
Johnson, P. Robert 
Johnson, Ulysses G. 
Johnson, William E. 
Johnston, Ira B. 

Johnston, Samuel P. 

Johnstone, Balfour 

Jonas, S. D. 

Jones, Miss Edna E. 

Jones, Mrs. Homer D. 

Jones, John S. 

Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 

Jones, Melvin 

Jones, Owen Barton 

Jorgensen, Hans L. 

Joseph, Arthur W. 

Joseph, A. G. 

Joseph, Morris 

Joy, James A. 

Judah, Mrs. Noble Brandon 

Judd, Mrs. H. S. 

Junker, Richard A. 

Junkunc, Stephen 

Just, Frederick M. 

Kaercher, Albert W. 
Kahmann, Karl W. 
Kahn, Charles E. 
Kahn, I. W. 

Kanavel, Dr. Allen B. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, M. V. 
Kaplan, Dr. Maurice I. 
Kapsa, Ladislav A. 
Karalius, Dr. A. J. 
Karpen, Sol 
Kasehagen, Fred W. 
Kearney, J. J. 

Keehn, Mrs. Theodore C L. 
Keeler, Edwin R. 
Keene, William J. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, Joseph J. 
Kendrick, W. S. 
Kennedy, James F. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Keplinger, W. A. 
Kerwin, Edwin M. 
Kesler, Edward C. 
Killinger, George F. 
Kddder, Grant L. 
Kimball, Mrs. Louise L. 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Dr. C. Bruce 
King, Frank J. 
King, Frank O. 
King, John B. 
Kingston, Mrs. Rose L. 
Kinney, Dr. William B. 
Kinsella, Dr. L. C. 



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168 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII. 

Lee, J. Owen 
Lee, Dr. W. George 
Leeman, Stephen Edgar 
Leemon, Harry C. 
Lefpingwell, Robert B. 
Lehmpuhl, Herman F. 
Leigh, Edward B. 
Leight, Edward A. 
Leight, Mrs. Edward A. 
Leighton, Miss Adelaide 
Lelivelt, Joseph J. 
Lennox, Edwin 
Le Sage, Rev. John J. 
Lester, Albert G. 
Levens, W. S. 
Levey, Clarence J. 
Levi, Dr. Gerson B. 
Levin, I. Archer 
Levine, George 
Levinger, David 
Levinkind, Morris 
Levinson, Dr. Benjamin 
Levinson, Salmon O. 
Levis, John M. 
Levis, W. Walter 
Levitan, Louis 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Levy, Asher 
Levy, Harry H. 
Lewis, J. Henry 
Lewis, Walker O. 
L'Hommedieu, Clarence H. 
Libonati, Roland V. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
LroDLE, Charles A. 
Liebling, Abraham M. 
Lindheimer, Jacob 


Lindsay, Willard C. 
Linker, Meyer 
Linklater, J. E. 
Linkman, Louis B. 
Linn, Erick N. 
Lipkin, Maurice S. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippert, Aloysius C. 
Lipsey, William J. 


Liss, Samuel 
Lister, Harold R. 
Lithgow, Charles H. 
Litsinger, Fred 
Littell, C. Guy 
Little, Charles G. 

Little, John G. 
Little, John L. 
Litzkow, Fred W. 
Livingston, J. B. 
Llewellyn, Arthur J. 
Lloyd, A. E. 

Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lochner, Frederick H. 
Lockett, Oswald, Jr. 
Lodge, Fred S. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Dr. Ludwig M. 
Loehr, Karl C. 
Loehwing, Marx 
Loeser, Joseph A. 
loewenherz, emanuel 
Loewenstein, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Nathan 
Logan, Frank G. 
Logan, Frederic D. 
Lomax, William L. 
London, Harry 
Long, Dr. Esmond R. 
Longhi, Emilio 
Loomis, Miss Helen A. 
Loomis, W. Andrew 
Lord, Robert O. 
Lorenz, Frederick A. 
Lorenzen, H. 
Lott, Gustav R. 
Lott, James N. 
Low, John M. 
Lowenthal, Leo B. 
Lowy, Rudolph 
Lozins, Bert 
Lucas, Dr. A. L. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Ludwig, William F. 
Luebbert, William C. 
Lund, Hjalmar C. R. 
Lundgren, Dr. A. T. 
Lutsch, William N. 
Lutzow, Fred H. 
Lytle, Clinton W. 

Mac Arthur, Fred V. 
Mac Donald, E. K. 
Mac Harg, Malcolm 
Mac Lellan, K. F. 
Mac Murray, James E. 
Mac Rae, Albert 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Maehler, Arthur E. 



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170 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Nash, Patrick A. 
Nau, Otto F. 
Neal, Thomas C. 
Neise, George N., Sr. 
Nelson, Harry R. 
Nelson, Peter B. 
Nelson, William H. 
Nesbit, Wilbur D. 
Nesbit, William 
Nessler, Robert W. 
Nevins, John C. 
Newberry, Miss Mary Louise 
Newmann, Edward R. 
Newmark, John T. 
Nichols, Edwin G. 
Nichols, Warren 
Nickerson, J. F. 
Nimmons, George C. 
Nixon, Albert 
Nixon, George F. 
Noee, George J. 
Nolte, Charles B. 
Nordholz, Dr. William C. 
Nordquist, Charles W. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Mrs. O. W. 
Nothenberg, Dr. Oscar J. 
Novak, Dr. Frank J., Jr. 
Novy, Dr. B. Newton 
Nuyttens, Alfred A. 

O'Brien, George W. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, W. L., Jr. 
O'Bryant, Mrs. Mark 
O'Callaghan, Henry 
O'Connor, James R. 
Olafsson, Dr. 0. J. 
Ollier, Valentine 
Oliver, Royston 
Olsen, H. M. 
Olsen, John G. 
Olsen, Olaf C. S. 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
Orr, Mrs. William George D. 
Orwig, Ralph F. 
Osborn, Theodore L. 


Ostermann, Mrs. R. M. 
Otte, Hugo E. 
Oudin, Ferdinand 

Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Packer, Charles Swasey 
Paddock, Dr. Charles E. 
Palmer, Prof. Claude Irwin 

Palmer, J. M. 

Palmer, Percival B. 

Pardee, Dr. L. C 

Parker, Austin H. 

Parker, Mrs. E. Roscoe 

Parker, George S. 

Parker, Norman S. 

Parks, O. J. 

Parsons, Mrs. Theodore Samuel 

Partridge, Lloyd C. 

Paterson, Morton L. 

Patterson, J. H. 

Patton, Walter I. 

Paulding, John 

Pauley, Clarence O. 

Paulsen, Dr. J. W. 

Payne, George H. 

Peacock, Charles A. 

Pearl, Allen S. 

Peck, Mrs. Charles G. 

Peine, Adolphus G. 

Pennington, Frank K. 

Percy, Dr. Nelson Mortimer 

Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 

Peters, G. M. 

Peterson, Albert 

Peterson, J. E. 

Peterson, Theodore N. 

Phelan, Charles 

Philipson, Isidor 

Phillips, Howard C. 

Pickard, Mrs. W. A. 

Pickel, William 

Pickell, J. Ralph 

Pickrell, Harvey 

Pigall, Mrs. Joseph S. 

Place, F. E. 

Plamondon, Alfred D. 

Plamondon, Charles A. 

Plath, Karl 

Poag, Robert O. 

Polakow, Louis M. 

Pollenz, Henry 

Pomeroy, Mrs. Christine 

Pond, Allen B. 

Pond, George F. 

Pope, S. Austin 

Porter, Henry M. 


Post, Dr. Wilber E. 
Posvic, Frank 
pottenger, william a. 
Potter, Dr. Hollis E. 
Poulton, John J. 
Powell, Miss Nellie 

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172 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Schram, Harry S. 
schroeder, dr. mary g. 
Schwab, Dr. Leslie 
Schwab, Martin 
schwaegerman, mrs. george j. 
Schwager, Dr. Irving 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwartz, G. A. 
Schweizer, Carl 
Scofield, Timothy J. 
Scott, Dr. James McDonald 
Scott, John D. 
Scott, Walter A. 
Scott, Dr. Walter Dill 
Scudder, J. Arnold 
Seaverns, George A. 
Seaverns, Louis C. 
Seggerman, Mrs. Richard 
Seibold, Arthur B. 
Seip, Fred 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Senior, Mrs. John L. 
Sethness, C. Henry 
Sethness, Charles O. 
Seyffert, L. 

Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Rev. Frederick F. 
Shapiro, J. F. 
Shapker, Edward B. 
Shattuck, Charles H. 
Shaw, Andrew H. 
Shaw, A. W. 
Shaw, Theodore A. 
Sheafe, J. S. 
Shearman, C E. 
Shedd, Charles E. 
Sheean, John A. 
Shepard, Guy C. 
Shepard, Stuart G. 
Sherer, Samuel J. 
Sherman, Mrs. F. C. 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Louis A. 
Sherwin, William A. 
Shinner, E. G. 
Shoan, Nels 
Shogran, L. A. 
Shortall, John L. 
Shotwell, Alfred H. 
Shuman, Mrs. Helen W. 


Silver, C. J. 
Silverman, Joseph 

Simmons, Parke E. 
Simpson, Dr. Elmer E. 
Simpson, Walter H. 
Sinding, John W. 
Skinner, Miss Frederika 
Slade, John C. 
Slaughter, Rochester B. 
Smith, Clayton F. 
Smith, C. F. Mather 
Smith, Mrs. C. R. 
Smith, Mrs. Edward E. 
Smith, Frederick W. 
Smith, Gilbert M. 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, John C. 
Smith, Joseph C. 
Smith, Miss Mary Rozet 
Smith, Dr. T. Manuel 
Snitzler, Mrs. James M. 
Snow, Fred A. 
Soares, Prof. Theodore G. 
Sollitt, Ralph T. 


Soper, Henry M. 
Soper, Thomas 
Spades, M. H. 
Speigel, M. J., Jr. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Mae O. 
Spiegel, Philip 
Spiegler, Frank F. 
Spivek, Herman 
Spitz, Mrs. Joel 
Spry, George 
Stahl, Miss Myrtle 
Stall wood, S. C. 
Stanton, Edgar 
Stanton, Howard B. 
Stanton, Henry J. 
Stayman, Ralph J. 
Stearns, Fred 
Stein, Mrs. Adolph 
Stein, Sidney L. 
Stein, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stephen, Edward I. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Sternberg, Morris 
Stevens, Ernest 
Stevenson, James R. D. 
Stewart, James S. 
Stewart, Ross E. 
Stewart, S. Chandler 


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174 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII. 

Warner, Mrs. J. C. 

Warren, Allyn D. 

Warren, Mrs. Homer S. 

Warren, William G. 

Washburne, Mrs. Hempstead 

Waters, R. T. 

Watkins, Frank A. 

Watkins, Frederick A. 

Watkins, William Waynne 

Watson, Leo M. 

Watson, R. G. 

Weary, Edwin D. 

Webster, Charles R. 

Webster, Towner K., Jr. 

Weddell, John 

Wedelstaedt, H. A. 

Wegg, Donald R. 

Weiss, Samuel H. 

Weisz, Mrs. Charles W. 

Welch, Ninian H. 

Welles, Mrs. Edward Kenneth 

Wentworth, John 

West, Frederick T. 

West, William C. 

Westbrook, Mrs. E. S. 

Westerfield, Henry S. 

Westphal, Miss Mary E. 

Weston, Charles V. 

Whatley, S. T. 

Wheeler, Seymour 

Whise, Dr. Melchior 

White, Mrs. Linn 

Wild, A. Clement 

Whitehead, W. M. 

Wiersma, \.sa 

Wild, Richard 

Wilder, Mrs. Harold 

Wilder, Mrs. John E. 

Wilder, Mrs. T. E. 

Wiley, Edward N. 

Wilkes, C. H. 

Willett, Albert V. 

Willetts, George M. 

Williams, Mrs. Eugene P. 
Williams, Gaar 
Williamson, D. 
Wilsey, R. E. 
Wilson, Miss Carolyn 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, M. H. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Robert C. 
Winslow, Charles S. 
Winston, Bertram M. 
Winter, I. 

Winterbotham, John R. 
Witherbee, W. E. 
Witkowsky, Miss Esther 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolbach, Murray 
Wolf, Robert N. 
Wolfe, William C. 
Wolff, Christian J. 
Wolff, George F. 
Wood, Harold B. 
Wood, John H. 


Woolf, Mrs. Olga 
Worthy, Mrs. S. W. 
Worthley, Wallace F. 
Wray, Mrs. James G. 
Wright, Dr. James A. 
Wright, Mrs. Warren 
Wunderle, H. O. 

Yeomans, Charles 
Yocum, Reuben E. 
Young, George H. 
Young, George W. 
Young, James W. 

Zeitz, Andrew R. 
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Zeuch, Dr. Lucius P. 
Zucker, W. J. 

Barker, Mrs. Frank W. 

Cowing, John P. 

Ellingson, Girard A. 

Frank, Henry L. 
Friend, Alex 

Grignon, George F. 

Deceased. 1926 

Hastings, Louis M. 


Larson, Emil M. 
Lincoln, Robert T. 

Sherman, L. B. 

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