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( HICAOO. U. S. A. 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. VII, Plate XLII 

Director of the Museum from December 19, 1921 to July 14, 1928, the date of his death 

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382 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 


John Borden 
William J. Chalmers 
Richard T. Crane, Jr. 
Captain Marshall Field 
Stanley Field 
Ernest R. Graham 
Albert W. Harris 
Chauncey Keep 
Charles H. Markham 


Cyrus H. McCormick 
William H. Mitchell 
Frederick H. Rawson 
Martin A. Ryerson 
Stephen C. Simms 
James Simpson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Wrigley, Jr. 

Watson F. Blair 

Deceased. 1928 

D. C. Da vies 

Resigned. 1928 

Harry E. Byram 

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384 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Stephen C. Simms 

Berthold Laufer, Curator 
A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology 


Albert B. Lewis, Melanesian Ethnology 

*Ralph Linton, Oceanic and Malayan Ethnology 

William D. Strong, North American Ethnology and Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Central and South American Archaeology 

W. D. Hambly, African Ethnology 

Henry Field, Physical Anthropology 

*William M. McGovern, South American and Mexican Ethnology 

T. George Allen, Egyptian Archaeology 

John G. Prasuhn, Modeler 


B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Associate Curator of the Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Assistant Curator of Taxonomy 

James B. McNair, Assistant Curator of Economic Botany 

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Technology 

Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood Technology 

Carl Ne 'berth. Custodian of Herbarium 


O C. Farrington, Curator 

Henry W. Nichols, Associate Curator 

Elmer S. Ric gs, Associate Curator of Paleontology 

Sharat K. Roy, A sistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology 


Wi j'RED H. Osgood, Curator 

William J. G erhard, Associate Curator of Insects 

C. E. Hel .mayr. Associate Curator of Birds 

H. B. C&nover, Associate in Ornithology 

assistant curators 

John T. Zimmer, Birds Karl P. Schmidt, Reptiles 

R. Magoon Barnes, Bird's Eggs Alfred C. Weed, Fishes 

Edmond N. Gueret, Vertebrate Skeletons 

Colin C. Sanborn, Assistant in Mammalogy 


Julius Friesser c. J. Albrecht 

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters 

Arthur G. Rueckert Ashley Hinb 

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'-«•■•■•-■ •Bn-»«<rfth» Mu>--irt ■• . - ,. _ !..' 

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t^iunhip of Um MuMMUii 

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T<ary of Um Board, and Dirartor of th* 

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dotMB •on 1/ ' « itoanl of i T\iM.t 


388 Field Musexm of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

His unselfish labors on behalf of the Museum vsdll bear fruit for 
many years to come. 

"The Board of Trustees desires to have this expression of their 
appreciation of Mr. Davies' work and character spread upon the 
records of the institution and a duly attested copy thereof sent to 
the members of his bereaved family. 

"Stephen C. Simms, Acting Secretary Stanley Field, President" 

A.NMAL RKPOkx uf lilt. uiiUxTOR 


To iW Trwum of FWU ' 

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pooad floor, mhkh wov aper><- ' ' <- public in June i n 
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390 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

the Museum through contributions in the form of memberships. 
The Museum now has on its rolls more than 5,000 Members— the 
exact figures by classifications, and a complete list of the names, 
are to be found in other sections of this Report. 

The increase in the number of such contributors may well be 
considered as an indication of widening public approval and appre- 
ciation of the Museum and its mission. Each person registered on 
the rolls, through all the membership classes from Benefactors to 
Annual Members, is entitled to recognition as a public-spirited 
citizen who by his contribution is supporting a great educational 
work. Every one of these Members is helping the Museum to 
maintain and expand its activities in the fields of scientific research 
and dissemination of knowledge, and without their aid the institu- 
tion's work would be seriously curtailed. The Museum is happy 
to acknowledge this support, and it is indeed a great satisfaction 
to note the continuing growth of the membership lists. 

In recognition of the very valuable and eminent service rendered 
the Museum by Mr. William V. Kelley, the Trustees have elected 
him as a Benefactor, and they have named Hall 17 (which is to be 
devoted to Asiatic mammals, some groups of which have already 
been installed) "William V. Kelley Hall." 

During 1928 the Trustees also elected Mrs. Emily Crane 
Chadbourne and Mrs. William H. Moore as Patrons of the Museum 
because of their generous help to and interest in the institution. 

The following were elected Life Members: Mr. George E. 
Brannon, Mr. Reuben G. Chandler, Mr. Russell Tyson, Mr. R. 
Douglas Stuart, Mr. Alfred E. Hamill, Mr. Homer L. Dixon, Mrs. 
Harold E. Leopold, Mr. Edward J. Ryerson, Mr. Arthm- Reynolds, 
Mrs. Watson F. Blair, Mr. Frank A. Hecht, Jr., Mr. Edward N. 
Hurley, Mr. John Jay Abbott, Mr. John Griffiths, Mr. Moise 
Dryfus, and Mr. Robert A. Gardner. 

Prominent among the many important activities undertaken 
during 1928 was the completion and opening to the public of six 
large new exhibition halls in the Department of Anthropology. 
These halls were opened in June, and are the first six to be com- 
pleted of a total of fourteen which are being added to the exhibi- 
tion space through extensive reconstruction of the Museum's 
ground floor. This project has been made possible through the 
generosity of President Stanley Field. 

The six new halls opened in 1928 contain new collections illus- 
trating the ethnology of Africa and Madagascar (the latter being 

UL IH9 Ammval RifOKT or not Dautmm Ml 

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tlHav hal.i - ■ •• '^■Jt.»-« .<.».. ili^M^- ft 

in tbw Kvt«n 

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0«ala|]r- TW faaub in (hu hall vtrv rvinculled. whI 

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392 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Several innovations which have proved very helpful to visitors 
were made during 1928. An effective and much needed directory- 
service giving the numbers and locations of halls was inaugurated 
by placing framed printed placards near the entrances of the 
Museum, and at the head and foot of each stairway. To further serve 
the visitors, there were installed at either side of the main entrance 
other large printed and framed placards giving useful information 
concerning the Museum. Also, at the entrance to each exhibition 
hall framed and printed placards were placed, giving the number 
and designating the contents of the hall. On the walls in prominent 
places on the ground and first floors attractive frames were installed, 
which may be quickly and easily opened for the changing of timely 
announcements. These are used for the display of posters adver- 
tising the Museum's lecture courses for adults, the Rajonond Fund 
entertainments for children, the monthly schedules of guide-lecture 
tours, bulletins calling attention to new exhibits, and other announce- 

The Museum had thirteen expeditions in the field during the 
year. Several of these did not begin operations until the last quarter, 
and they are expected to continue their work through all or most 
of 1929. Following is a brief summary of the year's expeditions: 

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia, 
to make zoological collections in remote parts of French Indo- 
China, and to explore certain unknown territory lying northward 
of Indo-China along the gorges of the Mekong River, set out in 
two contingents late in the year. Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and 
Mr. Kermit Roosevelt are the leaders, and Mr. William V. Kelley 
is sponsor. One contingent led by the Roosevelts themselves, left 
the United States November 10; the other, led by Mr. Harold J. 
Coolidge, Jr., of Boston, sailed December 22. After completing their 
separate objects and covering their separate territory, the two parties 
will unite in Indo-China for further work together. Among other 
members of the expedition are Mr. Suydam Cutting of New York; 
Dr. Josselyn Van Tyne, Assistant Curator of Birds of the Museum 
of Zoology of the University of Michigan; Dr. Ralph E. Wheeler 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts; Mr. Russell W. Hendee of Brooklyn, 
New York, and Mr. Herbert Stevens of London, England. 

Mr. Cornelius Crane is sponsor and leader of the Crane Pacific 
Expedition which will circumnavigate the Pacific Ocean and collect 
land and marine zoological specimens. The voyage is being made on 
his yacht, the Illyria. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator of 


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ui. lfS9 Ahmu. RcrcMiT or 1 

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ft < An ftfanoat romplx* faur-vKMfad HiuVM. ar. 



394 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

remains of a two-wheeled chariot, which are beheved to be the 
oldest relics of their kind ever excavated, are numbered among 
the most important finds. 

Human and animal skeletal material, important for the light they 
throw upon the life of the ancient city, have also been unearthed. 
The expedition will continue its operations in 1929. Captain 
Marshall Field is sponsor of the expedition for Field Museum, and 
Mr. Herbert Weld is its sponsor for Oxford. Professor Stephen 
Langdon of Oxford, is director of the expedition; Mr. L. S. Watelin 
is in charge of excavations; and Mr. Henry Field, Assistant Curator 
of Physical Anthropology at Field Museum, was one of the principal 
collectors during the season of 1928. 

The Captain Marshall Field Anthropological Expedition to Europe 
did not return to the United States until 1928, although its work of 
collecting material bearing upon prehistoric man, for use in a pro- 
posed Hall of Prehistoric Man in the Museum, was completed in 

1927. Assistant Curator Henry Field was leader. The two Captain 
Marshall Field North Arabian Desert Expeditions, the first of which 
ended late in 1927, and the second of which worked in the spring of 

1928, were also under the leadership of Assistant Curator Field, and 
they made an extensive archeological survey of part of the North 
Arabian or Syrian Desert lying between the Damascus-Maan railroad 
and Bagdad. The expeditions covered some 6,000 miles, discovered 
several hundred open-air prehistoric sites, and obtained important 
specimens and data. 

Two Captain Marshall Field Archaeological Expeditions to 
British Honduras under the leadership of Mr. J. Eric Thompson, 
Assistant Curator of Central and South American Archaeology at 
the Museum, conducted operations in 1928. The first, which had 
begun its work in the latter part of 1927, concluded operations in 
1928. The second expedition departed in December to continue 
the researches into ancient Maya civilization begun by the first 
expedition, which discovered the sites of three buried cities. In 
addition to the archaeological work, ethnological studies are to be 
made, and Maya artifacts are to be collected. 

The Museum obtained a collection of woods, including some 
rare ones, and herbaceous material from Panama, as the result of 
a joint expedition of Field Museum, Yale University, the New York 
Botanical Garden and the United Fruit Company. Captain Mar- 
shall Field was sponsor for the Museum. Mr. George Proctor Cooper 
of Los Angeles was the collector. 

o( ifet vT or not I K 9M 

*•. Wdmr cT;«!.T-o'-. i.f Vale fr j>rtt-'» j>..l IV'.f *.! .s^^m m*.!.- 

;a( a 

A «> 

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.KiXiiumiaaps. ' 'km bcnmiLh: 

Hr. Xm&Mla '■ •! til .U'r.v iKr> 

'or > «c.v; ^I uMTiiiii. 
■>■ ManiaallPWdmaileh>'^ -^'-jtion of $100,000 

el vahoua ' inna, «f twUim- 

un Ijibuntona for l^^Si. 

- \ iiiiti 'ir> * «c .•.,... nbulHin o( * 

toUl oT «' ■ . . . ..rr..!l r.r'.! ! 


Ml— mil ail I purrbao 

;.'1Hwfl-r»^ rrsfV a «-r>ntrtbuUaa of 

396 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Mrs. Anna Louise Raymond made a further contribution of 
$2,000 for the work of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Public School and Children's Lecture Division, which was established 
in 1925 on an endowment of $500,000 provided by her, and which 
has been the recipient of other generous contributions she has made. 

For the purchase of the Herbert Devine Jade Collection the 
following contributions were made: from Mr. Martin A. Ryerson, 
$1,000; from Miss Kate S. Buckingham, $1,000; from Mrs. George 
T. Smith, $1,000; from Mr. John Jay Abbott, $100, and from Mr. 
Charles B. Goodspeed, $100. 

Mr. Henry J. Patten donated $1,000 to be used in financing 
archaeological work. 

Mr. William J. Chalmers continued his contributions as in past 
years by giving $435 for the purchase of specimens of minerals for 
the William J. Chalmers Crystal Collection. 

Mrs. Chauncey B. Borland gave $150 for the purchase of a 
petrified turtle with ancient Chinese inscriptions. 

The American Friends of China contributed $475 as their annual 
gift for the development of the Chinese section of the anthropological 

Mr. Henry M. Wolf gave $250 towards the purchase of a cere- 
monial Chinese robe from the Herbert J. Devine Collection. 

The estate of the late George F. Porter paid the Museum a 
legacy of $25,000, and the estate of the late Arthur B. Jones paid 
a legacy of $2,000. 

The South Park Commissioners turned over to the Museum 
$212,637.59 derived from the tax levy authorized for this purpose 
by the State Legislature. 

The great amount of material for the collections of the Museum 
received as gifts is a cause of satisfaction, because it indicates that 
the Museum has a large number of friends who take an active 
interest in its growth and development. Details of the acquisitions 
of the year are given in the departmental sections of this Report, 
and in the list of Accessions beginning on page 513. Among note- 
worthy gifts were two specimens of red deer, given by Lord Astor 
of London, England, a beautifully cut rose quartz bowl given by 
Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., and a collection of 3,240 specimens of 
minerals given by Mrs. Charles M. Higginson. The red deer are 
from Lord Astor's hunting preserves on the island of Jura off the 
coast of Scotland, and they have been made into an attractive exhibit 




uwWERsn^ Of lawois 


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.rit'uiURl la > : INillmA. riw roM quaru bo«1 hM hem 

ptend OB whibHma ui Harlow N. HmnhothMn HaJi 

•ad apartnctM (or ll»' t^n- 


Mr. Kidwrd 

■vMTB, and Uimufh nrhjuutw 

' W found riMwhiitii in 

"ar arr a larpp Mara 

«nui puirhaad by (hr 
parU u( ancMtit rha- 

4 bkiodwood o^ <• of the rvwt vruuiU 

J v;jc^Uuo in ■ of Kte4d 

tfr*f*. : urk Uounir.. a?,.! Th<• 

Aad • ■harv of the apcrimms of i ■ ' 
1 tn^maMa edlartad in ih' 
•« CmMibI AiiBlfe Ei|Mditiof> 
llMUvy. S'mr Yoric (with ^'Md Mu«nim 
« wd»ii u p of Dr. Roy Chapman Andrawm. 


4» \ t . .*r 

398 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

where, including radio talks; and a great amount of public service 
has been rendered by the Staff in answering the many inquiries 
which come in on various subjects within the scope of the Museum. 

An important publication issued by the Museum during 1928 is 
The Prehistory of Aviation by Dr. Berthold Laufer, Curator of 
Anthropology. Because of the prominent place aeronautics hold in 
public interest at present this publication proved extremely timely. 

Important from the scientific standpoint was the discovery, 
during the year, of a new type of crocodile from New Guinea by 
Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator of Reptiles. The species, 
described in a Museum publication issued recently, was discovered 
by Mr. Schmidt through work on some crocodile skulls which had 
been transferred to the Department of Zoology from the Depart- 
ment of Anthropology, which had received them with an ethnological 

The discovery also of a new genus of Abyssinian aquatic rodents 
by Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator of Zoology, who led the Field 
Museum-Chicago Daily News Abyssinian Expedition, is the subject 
of another publication issued during the year. 

The various Divisions of the Museum — Raymond Division, 
Public Relations, Library, Printing, Photography, Roentgenology, 
Illustration and Memberships — as well as the Departments have 
all made notable progress during 1928. The details of their work 
appear elsewhere in this Report. 

All educational activities of the Museum were continued in 
1928, some of them, particularly those dealing with children, on 
a larger scale than theretofore. Every effort has been made to 
increase the use of the Museum and establish the most friendly 
relationships between the institution and the public, both adults 
and children. The usual spring and autumn courses of free illustrated 
lectures on science and travel by eminent explorers and scientists, 
were given in the James Simpson Theatre of the Museum, and the 
response on the part of the public has been most gratifying. Special 
series of lectures for Members were also given. All seats in the 
Theatre were lettered and numbered, and this has simplified the 
reserving of seats and aids greatly in ushering the holders of them. 

As in past years traveling cases containing natural history and 
economic exhibits were circulated among the schools of Chicago by 
the N. W. Harris Public School Extension Department of the 
Museum. The number of cases used and the number of schools 
and other centers served has continued to increase as in past years. 

Jam llO -CT or TMS Dounai IM 


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. .r ••..•vMin. wid la 
■ -T«ng««l for lh» aumfiMr •od 

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(or ^Mtttl g- 

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t> .( ^' r'.rU. m a mL w * of '. 

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a; i'T^^Uoa of Ihttr VMl ° <> 

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f**»o tni~r K F:«ttkm aHigno^ '■> •*- \f.. ..-.'" and othan by 

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^ ' <- ! ' <rary of tiw MuaauiB prrfurm««i v «r>'icr (o the 

.* a lanv (aruv la Uw -tal work 

400 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Trustees, and Mr. Watson F. Blair, Second Vice-President and 
member of the Board of Trustees. 

An obituary of Mr. Davies appears at the beginning of this 
Report (page 387). 

Mr. Blair died on February 7, 1928. He had been a Trustee 
of the Museum since 1894. In 1909 he was elected Second Vice- 
President and held that office until his death. He was also a Patron, 
a Corporate Member and a Life Member of the Museum. The 
following tribute was paid to his memory by the Board of Trustees 
in a resolution adopted on May 21: 

"The death of Mr. Watson F. Blair having been announced at the 
monthly meeting of the Board of Trustees of Field Museum of Natural 
History, held May 21, 1928, the following resolution was adopted as 
a testimonial of his unselfish labors in behalf of the institution : 

"The Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History have learned 
with profound regret of the decease of their fellow Trustee, Watson 
F. Blair, February 7, 1928. 

"The closing of the life of Mr. Blair removes from the Board one 
of its oldest members. He had served as a member of the Board of 
Trustees and of its Finance Committee since the incorporation of 
the Museum. In 1907 he accepted the Chairmanship of the Finance 
Committee and a membership on the Executive Committee, and in 
1909 he was elected Second Vice-President of the Corporation. As a 
member of these Committees, and as an Officer of the Board, he 
performed his exacting duties with unfailing interest, ability and 
devotion until the time of his death, although they involved, especi- 
ally in the earlier years, a considerable sacrifice of his time. 

"He was in the fullest accord with the purposes of the Museum, 
and was always deeply concerned in its progress and welfare. 

"The Trustees extend to the members of Mr. Blair's bereaved 
family their sincere sympathy; and in token thereof have unani- 
mously adopted the foregoing testimonial and ordered it to be spread 
upon the records of the Board, and a copy of same to be properly 
attested and presented to the family of the late Watson F. Blair." 

On July 16 the Board of Trustees elected the present incum- 
bent, Stephen C. Simms, formerly Curator of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension Department, as Director, and also as a 
member of the Board of Trustees, to fill the vacancies caused by 
Mr. Davies' death. The new Director also became a Corporate 
Member, and was elected Secretary of the Museum, which office had 
likewise been held by Director Davies. 

4M II 

AM9n.At Ktsfvmi or twt Duuai^nM 


At limmAel IKH^ \tt IUrr> K Hrmn ri iriil from the Raw«l 
> erf h>» rluui«v d^ nnwiMMW U» Km Yf Hu 

tnib rapvc 
At Uw DwvmbvT meeting ot Thr RaaH of IVu^'m Mr Fml W. 

(or thr 

throuch p 1 in 

XA tt> Uw JJmrufTi u{ A puriiuiiM u! {^utlqfravuTM of the {jruMapal 
in nt4d \fuinun of Akdey'g •orit in Uiih t^ttii^f-ftiv nni\ 

♦> ♦ * ^ Qr'S 


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''daoii wvf Arma Loultr 

•- JutMM 

II rwrngnmi ^ 

^ WM pRMDUtcU ui mi 

In '..•* .jfxirf .jrf MBpioywr? .r»: Mr •. Mmb Jun» 

luAf (hv Smior 
Th» M u—ui ii Hm Immi fortunate in having tli* whoMMartvd 
■a ot 0» t mmtf m ptf, and at vanom onp rnl Mltona ta comrDl 

402 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Generous space has been given the activities of the Museum in the 
newspapers of Chicago and the press of the country as a whole. 
The Museum has been advertised in posters displayed by local 
transportation companies, by space given in theatre and opera pro- 
grams, and by the distribution of Museum direction folders through 
railroads, hotels, civic associations, and other organizations. Details 
of the publicity and advertising are given elsewhere in this Report. 
Grateful acknowledgement is hereby extended to those in charge of 
the various enterprises which have thus given generous assistance in 
promoting public interest in this institution. 

A large amount of reconstruction work and improvement in the 
building was undertaken and completed during 1928. Of first im- 
portance was the preparation of the new halls on the ground floor, 
the opening of which has already been referred to. Involved in this 
work was the moving of the north wall of Hall J, containing the 
Egyptian collections, seven feet to the north, and the building of a 
new type of case 199 feet long on the north and east walls. A similar 
case thirty feet long was constructed on the west end of the south 
wall. These cases extend fourteen feet to the ceiling, and the upper 
parts are offset to form an upper overhanging case immediately 
above the view glass of the lower section. Illumination is provided 
within the case but entirely outside the range of vision. Installed 
in the lower sections are mummies on inclined benches and other 
ancient Egyptan relics, with fabrics stretched on frames on the 
back walls and tomb sculptures set flush with those walls. Installed 
in the upper cases are a seventy-seven foot facsimile of the funerary 
papyrus of Ani, and, occupying 116 feet, plaster casts of sculptures 
enameled and glazed with umber to bring out the detail. These 
cases follow closely in principle, construction and illumination 
the habitat group cases in the Department of Zoology, but their 
adaptation to anthropological material and the installation methods 
employed here are, so far as can be learned, an innovation in museum 

A case thirty-six feet long for African wood carvings was built on 
the west wall of Hall D. Tile partitions were built along the south 
side of Hall J and on the south and east sides of Hall B (one of the 
new ground floor halls unoccupied as yet). The doors to the north of 
Hall J leading to the stairways and passenger elevator were removed, 
and the openings enlarged to the full width of the corridors. 

Various partitions were removed and doors and transoms blocked 
up to make available for exhibition space areas previously used for 

Jam. 1M9 Ahhvjo. Hicrvmr or ths Duudctmi «0t 

ii a nif * fMTih and «*uih o/ IIaU K (itafaerupMvl rrrr^n^l flwv hafl) 

'n^ w ;rT»..-- - «T*v rrr* ' 'Se frrwj, air Uurt* ut» UiB 

••.S w%l! '•' ■»*«• r- Sr faa umW lb» north 

€ .t rwiucril • * fnah air limiugti 

J b) r ' • ' 


> and -. wtih un«d rope ottkum. 

■ '^ V if T itnu' tTfi in UaU* iJ ' 

1 J WrTr cltrftdod dn* ; 

r A. 

y -« unprtn-fKBcnt and nuuatMiance work 

' Ow MuMum. Two braue OM 
I of !»tanl«T PWd H«ll far the insullatiaa 

I .flight. 1 „• pUMl« 

•*Tr lom^itsa la «ii>a</«» u: limit '^' : «mauw drapai 

m^rtakm4emm,eimamimadrtt^ <. and the w&Ili 

« Krrv -.'.r drmp»B huog ware rkaikr- 

*ad UB nch caMM vart buili . 

<4 AflMTwaa mtniiMk tlhrnrtnalid • (or 

lUlb 1< Md 17 IBomiMlfe^. 

raw far the njrala ftad dik dik fc- 

A fw tyilflBi oi UMivImbI a 
tlitt in 1 I 11 itrfTi nf hii iihUi , 

404 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

that hall, were installed. New silverite glass was installed in the 
tops of cases. 

Because of the inadequacy of space and the unsuitability of the 
former ground floor location of the X-ray studio, it was installed 
in more suitable quarters on the third floor. It now occupies a suite 
of three rooms — operating room insulated with lead sheeting, dark 
room, and office. 

New sun curtains were installed in the photographic operating 
and printing rooms. 

Much interior cleaning and painting was done, particularly in 
the Herbarium, and in Rooms 7, 40 and 108 on the third floor. 
Some 870 trays, with racks in steel cabinets, were constructed for 
bird and mammal storage, and many model cases and much other 
equipment necessary for the work of the various Departments were 

On the roof of the building new skylight bars and ribbed wire 
glass were installed on the main skylight, except for nineteen rows 
of lights at the southeast corner which were placed in 1927. A large 
fan was installed at either end of the clerestory under the roof to 
circulate the air, as an added precaution to prevent condensation 
on the skylights. The terra cotta cornice and the court windows 
were tuck pointed. Four men worked full time cutting out loose 
mortar joints in the marble work and refilling them with cement 
mortar. All of the exterior window sills of the building received a 
coat of paint. 

Western Union Time Service was installed during the year for 
the clocks at the north or main entrance, and at the entrance to 
the James Simpson Theatre. A new canopy was installed at the 
west door. 

Under its agreement with the Shedd Aquarium the Museum 
began supplying heat to that building in December, when it was 
found that it would be needed for drying out purposes during con- 


General Lectures. — The Museum's forty-ninth and fiftieth 
courses of free lectures were given in the James Simpson Theatre 
on Saturday afternoons during the spring and autumn months. 
These were illustrated by motion pictures and stereopticon slides. 
Following are the programs of both courses: 




Tint UB«ft*i^ 
Of THt 

Jam !^-"' «T or ■ •« 4M 

-« .»£ in*t. \ui-v«. 

^ •( A- 

-.A W M> l<ir» *J 

Amwmm Ummvm tt Suw^l HMory 

loM* of Ik* GtMU.' ** 


IH WOMB MMHcoMwy k! iituat CwnMr 



U 0*. M. A^ Lln«iMd Ml 

406 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

November 17 — "Treasure Hunting in Bolivia." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Wellington Furlong, F. R. G. S., 

November 24 — -"Under the Northern Lights." 

Commander Donald B. MacMillan, leader of the Rawson- 
MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of Field Museum, 1927-1928. 

December 1 — "Civilization of the Mayas — Past and Present." 

Mr. J. Eric Thompson, Assistant Curator of Central and South 
American Archaeology, Field Museum; leader of the Captain 
Marshall Field First Archaeological Expedition to British 
Honduras, 1928. 

December 8— "The Turkestan." 

Mr. George K. Cherrie, member of the James Simpson- 
Roosevelt-Field Museum Expedition to Central Asia, 1925-1926. 

The total attendance at these nineteen lectures was 25,065. 
In addition to the regular spring and autumn courses, the follow- 
ing special lectures were given : 

January 14 — "Birds and Animals of Alaska." 

Mr. William K. Finley, Director of Wild Life Conservation, 
State of Oregon. 

January 15 — January 14 lecture repeated. 

January 22— "The Way of the Sperm Whaler." 

Dr. Robert Cushman Murphy, American Museum of Natural 
History, New York. 

January 28 — "Explorations in Plant Life." 

Mr. Arthur C. Pillsbury, Berkeley, California. 

January 29 — "The Malay Peninsula." 

Mr. Carveth Wells, F. R. G. S. 

February 11 — "The Wonderland of Big Game." 

Major A. Radclifife Dugmore, F. R. G. S., F. R. P. S., London. 

February 12 — February 11 lecture repeated. 

February 26 — "By Aeroplane to Pigmy Land." 

Professor Matthew W. Stirhng, leader of the Stirling New 
Guinea Expedition of the Smithsonian Institution. 

October 21— "On the Roof of the World." 

Captain John B. Noel, London, official photographer of the 
1924 Mount Everest Expedition. 

October 28— "Jungle Gods." 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F. R. G. S., New York. 

November 4 — "Excavations at Kish, Mesopotamia." 

(Work of Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition, 
season of 1927-1928.) 

Mr. Henry Field, Assistant Curator of Physical Anthropology, 
Field Museum. 

November 18 — "Ptolemy's Mountains of the Moon." 

Dr. James P. Chapin, American Museum of Natural History, 
New York. 

41. Kjj-i*i «* 


Him— "lo!* I 

Tbr 1<XaJ •ttcodaitcr at 

• tfl flMT HIl tj-- 

.j«i w linuiti 

•ncrrt* «:u gn«m by 

.!«.! 'P . ..'rr-. on the 

11 and 

» Memrt p ■ 




aiicndance at t 

'— rpomorad 

■'« Junflt 


TK«> iti» of th* LtrUii» H->*1 HTM extMMkxl to eleven educational 

•on* »tT* attm(ic<d by a to'. 

!to talk* «Tre i' -^ uf 

rpr of xhtem » < " ''«• 

<m1 the aenea o( ten 
u:c ' waa bruadcaat over \\ .4.\vv. 

ijx I nu. i ui iLs i uit ADULTS 

'«a^ ant! 

«ni aAC ^:ib U*~ 

K3rth!r Brhwtu'- 

t.t . .»:.€"-:; rs and otl»« 

4- Um pubUc 112 

««• far di«rH- 
u at the I 

408 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

of each month to Hbraries, social settlements, retail stores, and other 
centers of distribution. 

There were seventy-five groups from clubs, conventions and 
colleges, and fifty-two other special parties, totalling 2,362 persons, 
who received guide-lecture service. 

General public groups numbered 399, with 3,846 in attendance. 

The total number of adult tours was 526, with an attendance 
of 6,208. 


Entertainments for Children.— The James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture Fund made 
possible the continuation of lecture work among children, both 
in the Museum and outside in schools and camps. 

Series of entertainments were offered as usual in the spring and 
autumn, and in addition simimer and winter series were added 
this year. By arrangement with the South Park Commissioners, 
special children's tours and motion picture programs were conducted 
during eight weeks of the summer. The groups brought from the 
various parks and playgrounds of the South Parks system for 
this course of tours and motion pictures totalled 2,202 children. 

In addition to the special summer series arranged under the 
auspices of the South Park Commissioners, Field Museum carried 
on during the same season a similar series under the provisions of 
the Raymond Fund. These programs were given special publicity 
in the local press, and invitations to send groups were extended to 
the various clubs maintained for children by Chicago newspapers, 
including the "Topsy Turvy Times" of the Daily News, "Junior 
Journal" of the Journal, "Boys and Girls Post" of the Evening Post, 
and the Sally Joy Brown groups of the Tribune. Ten such groups 
were given guide service, with an attendance of 447, and seven 
special motion picture programs, attended by 2,150 children, 
including both the newspaper groups and other children, were 
presented. The "Chronicles of America" series of motion pictures, 
a gift to the Museum from Mr. Chauncey Keep, were used for both 
series of summer programs. 

The programs of the entire year were as follows: 

Spring Course 
February 11 — "Abraham Lincoln." 
February 18 — "George Washington." 

Jam. USf Ajotvjd. RMSKmt or tn Domktm 409 

-41. iJ-iU ■ 

jh0i, Ajmatm Uimmmi of Nuurmi llMory. 

SlWttm fkOCtLAMt 



-Twr^ »«- 

J* lt« 

410 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

"Butterflies and Moths." 
"Jungle Round-up." 
"Children of the Sun.' 

October 20— "The Sahara." 

"Bees and Spiders." 
"The Lion Hunt." 
"Perfume and Nicotine." 

October 27— "Switzerland." 

"Seaside Friends and Their Country Cousins." 

"A Day at the River." 

"Where Snowtime is Joytime." 

"Mountain Climbing in Glacier National Park." 

November 3 — "China." 

"Down at Our Pond." 
"In Birdland." 
"Monarchs of the Plains.' 
"Our Four-footed Pals." 

November 10 — "Argentina." 

"Pirates of the Sea." 


"The Story of Leather." 

November 17 — "Peoples of the Mediterranean." 
"Furry Creatures." 
"Friends to Man." 
"Secrets of the Sea." 
"The Parasol Ant." 

November 24 — "From England to South America." 
"Preparing for a Garden." 
"Palace of Honey." 
"Golden Fleeces." 

December 1 — "The Rhine Valley." 
"Growing Things." 
"Fruit and Flowers " 
"Bird Sanctuary." 
"Monarch of the Glen." 

Winter Programs 

January 28 — "Secrets of the Flowers." 

(Mr. Arthur C. Pillsbury, Berkeley, California — lecturer.) 

February 22 — "George Washington." 

December 15 — "Alaskan Adventures." 

December 22— "Bre'r Rabbit and His Pals." 

"The Little Indian Weaver." 

"The Wee Scotch Piper." 

"The Little Swiss Wood Carver." 

"The Little Dutch Tulip Girl." 

December 29 — Entertainment by Chief Little Moose, a Chippewa Indian. 


November 12 — Americanization Program. 

Field Museum cooperated further with the South Park Com- 
missioners by loaning certain films for showing in programs held 
at the various parks and playgrounds of the South Parks system. 

. « ^ iriL n^to Kun 


Jam. 1169 \ytsiid. Rmwr or not DuuumMi 


No< «aIv I««« ih* duldrvo'a defartmMiU of tiw (*ti*r»ffn 
• a «^ • ■ la bfUtfiAc the itnmir prapanw *■• 


mu, in ackc •-ta-g 

•- ''i-— - ■ ^t 


camrd ».. 

t ci t. 

Tlik v.. 
V local 

. ruup of hMancal pacMnu. 

OB OriolMr ^ *iT>i^tw< t < 

BUBMV Of cwldnt> 

tvo. aad Uw toUl *iu -ifi^.iUJ. 

r ■<i, 

' in Uijr L«-i5«T» 

Tn0 pracnuB 

h' th«* <lr\r4up> 

fiir!\ -aiftr If to 

IB the 
1 Ml forty- 

I J > :: u: Tonn roft Chilmucn Lerturv toun rarrvlklioc «ntii 
■• ' • T • fMMral k]iowlad0» of MuMum 

w.' • 'b«. In ^ ;« 

(•-ulk^ 17>tttt cU^aive. r«ic««t«ia liu* *«r\icr. 


-<ni to •!»• 
: AAd 

<• of Ir 

412 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

"Birds of the Chicago Area." 
"African Animals." 
"Food Fish of the World." 
"Silk and Wool." 
"Flax and Cotton." 
"Coal and Iron." 
"Activities of Field Museum." 
"North American Indians." 
"Glimpses of Chinese Life." 
"What We Owe to South America." 
"Life of the Ancient Egyptians." 
"Life of the Native Philippines." 

Totals. — If the number of children receiving instruction by 
means of entertainments, tours and lectures be added to the number 
of adults receiving similar instruction, the total reached by these 
Museum educational efforts in 1928 consists of 1,566 groups, 
numbering 307,161 individuals. 

Accessions. — The Raymond Division acquired during the year, 
through the Division of Photography, 432 lantern slides for use in 
its public school extension lectures. Thirteen other slides were ob- 
tained by purchase, making the total number added to the collec- 
tion 445. This brings the total number of lantern slides now 
available for school lectures to approximately 5,000. 

The Chicago Chapter of the Wildflower Preservation Society of 
America kindly loaned the Museum a number of its lantern slides 
on wildflowers of the Chicago area, for reproduction, and plans for 
a lecture on this subject, to be added to the list of school extension 
lectures, were thus facilitated. 


Preliminary steps were inaugurated during the year for a course 
in nature study to be given during the spring of 1929. 

The course, as planned, will cover the topics most needed by 
those directing study of nature subjects in camps, school clubs, 
community organizations, et cetera. These will include studies of 
the animal, mineral and plant groups of the Chicago area, which will 
be discussed in the small Lecture Hall and followed by tours of 
correlated exhibits. The tours will be conducted by the guide- 
lecturers of the Museum. 

Indications are that the course will meet the needs of many 
organizations, and it is hoped to make it a permanent part of the 
educational work of the Museum. 

IS •.'.-• A.s Ai. Katobt or nu: Duuxuw iU 

la llw r««uUr htm* of FWd Pubbcalioam «<)>( ««r« 

to Uw , t «enc«. four 

j«a<Mnr. Its*- Mi PP^ <i |*»«* «<«» Tw; 

|s»». »i' 7... :c Tlri>tik<i ' 

f^ Me i: Sou* M 8o«Ui A— rtrt 

=...^ ., *' •— ' "••* » PPL, « , 


f.Mm^rr TV. Gtf»ai to HiMuT) kbd Aft. By 

414 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. Vll 

To protect the Museum in the future from unauthorized use of 
material in some of its more popular leaflets and other publications, 
such as has occurred several times, it was decided to copyright all 
leaflets, and certain other publications. Copjrrights were obtained 
during 1928 for "The Giraffe in History and Art," and also for the 
series of paintings on paleontological subjects presented by Mr. 
Ernest R. Graham, and photographs of these paintings. 


During the year there were added 2,910 books and pamphlets 
to the Library. The total number now on the shelves is approxi- 
mately 95,000. 

The Library had the good fortune to obtain several rare items 
that have been desired for some years. Noteworthy among these 

Martius, Flora Brasiliensis, fifteen volumes in forty, 1840-1906. 

Karsten, Florae Columbianae, 1858-1861. 

Gesner, Historiae Animalium, Liber iii qui est de auium natura, 1555. 

Alton, Hortus Kewensis, 1789. 

Flacourt, Histoire de la Grand Isle Madagascar, 1661. 

Brasseur de Bourbourg, Etudes sur le SystSme Graphique et la Langue des 

Mayas, 1869-1870. 
Azara, Reise naeh Sud Amerika, 1781-1801. 
Rengger, Reise nach Paraguay, 1818-1826. 
Rochon, Voyage to Madagascar and the East Indies, 1893. 
Levaillant, Histoire Naturelle des Promerops. . .Oiseaux de Paradis, 1807. 
Spix, Animalia nova sive Species Novae Lacertarum quas in Itinera per Brasil- 

iam Annis MDCCCVII-MDCCCXX, 1825. 
Daudin, Traite Elementaire et Complet d'Ornithologie, 1800. 
Sodiro, Contribuciones al Conocimiento de la Flora Eciatoriana, 1833, 1895. 
Apparent, Traite de Geologie. 
Haug, Trait6 de Geologie. 
Brinton, The Annals of the Cakchiquels, 1885. 

The generous distribution of the Museum's publications has 
continued, and the Library has received in exchange valuable 
material from other museums, research organizations, scientific 
societies, and individuals, both at home and abroad. Among these 
were sets of publications from Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Basel, 
Switzerland; The Mining and Geological Institute of India, Cal- 
cutta; the Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Argentina; Station 
Ocfenographique, Salammbo, Tunis, Africa; Departement van Land- 
bouw, Nijverheid en Handel, Dutch Guiana; Dansk Geologisk 
Forening, Copenhagen, Denmark; Sociedad de Geografia Historia, 

AL KiKXT or vm D uuB- To a 4i& 


rm at A •^f* 


% uarfulnoM bv loftnilUT 

. '■ : * ......r.'-....T-. . -.:..ial •rp*-' ^' 

jMandlr) at ih. »«*l o^ IU>t-. 

1»- N .^ !• W«y. <rf 1 lia. pm««t«J • HA o( 

ipKS wali-\*» 

f f «• V n-. • 

«rark. the r h 

u -I 

(A of titnr •ulhar canlii, loial htu •. 
^<w p««|Mu«d, (omnlad and rstunMsu irun tlM hiadvy 


•« DaiiwtaMit < !«^inrv 

. ManluU V^M Vim Airha««4- to 

HniMtk lloteJttfMc under the iMcknlup of Ajmkia v 

i l'.nr l'Sr«t-(«..n «-M in (*k- f>r4i1 tram laaaarr to Ir. 

■rioM (or exrav»(K-f.3 * <- Wi (cje (°4UBp 6 in th< 
DMtTkr'.. whMii I* • aMlhth ml' ram the daw ol the XU)-B 

416 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Old Empire. There excavations were carried on until the middle 
of March. On the discovery of two new sites a few miles outside 
of this concession, Mr. Thompson returned to Belize and obtained 
a concession to excavate them. 

One of these cities, to which Mr. Thompson gave the name of 
Tzimin Cax, is of great archaeological importance, for in it were 
found burials of the earliest known Maya period (roughly 200 B.C.- 
A.D. 200). Information on this early culture is very meagre, and 
material is scarce. As a result of operations at this site three important 
burials were discovered. Two of these graves 3aelded pottery of a 
type hitherto found only in the highlands of Guatemala. It had 
long been believed that an early cultiu-e flourished in this mountain 
area, but no direct connection with any other cultiu-e known had 
hitherto been found. These bvu-ials supply the evidence which had 
been missing of a stream of highland influence filtering into the 
Peten regions in early Maya times. Intensive excavation will 
probably throw more light on this early and little known phase of 
Maya history. 

The second site, Hatzcap Ceel, and a third site, Cahal Pichic, 
discovered a month afterwards, represent the close of the Old 
Empire, and date some eight hundred years later. This was a 
period of transition, of which little is known. These sites of about 
A.D. 600 yielded a finely carved altar stone and practically all the 
jade that the expedition found. The altar stone is, so far as known, 
the only carved Maya monument with a legible date in the United 

A third phase of cultiu-e, rich in pottery and shell work, is also 
represented at Tzimin Cax. This probably represents a period 
intermediate between the opening and close of the Old Empire. 

Unfortunately, shortage of water forced the cessation of work 
after six weeks of excavation. The work throughout was hampered 
by the uncertainty of it. Members of the expedition were 
compelled to wait for occasional rains to make possible each few 
days of work. This uncertain condition also affected the labor 
supply. It was impossible to sign up the laborers, Maya Indians, 
for a month, because at no period during the six weeks did the 
water supply appear sufficient for more than a week ahead. These 
conditions were unusual, the previous winter having been excep- 
tionally dry, causing the shortage. 

After dispatching his collections from Belize, Mr. Thompson 
moved to the north of the colony, and began excavations among 

Jah iy.-^.» As-. *!, iixrumi or tm: 1':i.i.->k 417 

■iL« •<■ «;k5 ^'.iivr lo conduct an\ » ijmtor^-. 

lir. •..».•. }'. • •.-•^. 

Wiwm • r \!3>-» IMd hM IwMi coofiiwd » tur i--- -'• • ^t 
M f th 1'f '-r-- The rSMlIU of •urh work «<n r. 

lo «.. • ^-r Une of ihe o\ 

letflTTvfaUiOBilitp - 

<- r« So far the owtMvt May^ pcKlrn- known txxixw from • > ' > 

»■ ' ' i« !»▼• • ..• C-! !■ ' .' wV.'. .» numbtT »tf ye*rt ajfi, a 

tr.c sr-.r* ' ;. Wrr _. . t-=^-« -(.-'' r'' lUTUUC kklll »»« (uund. 

Mr. Hkomtiaae found ar 'Ot containing thi* tnriy type o( 

Th*di«rr-— --'arfw Ihr »•- « •-• -''< \» ..—....;. .ypm, 

aad (fv«« « 3c« uf > .s at 

i.»-i'. rjkT ■ •..toe. A» a mult of the eipeaiuon it w»il be (juauble 
in lijr fwiufT to da'.r mary iat«« ' «:n«lanly of ihetr ■••-'• 

10 th* br« Hmra of mlt!) t>pit-: .hed. The sani) 

to • laa «stM>l, lo the nuddle period. Herf the hunzun uf 
poltary types ha* been cona•^ ^ - 'l(«j. 

tlw matt plae* Uua horuon ahould orr-.. -'.cm 

iA y. X I X chrotkolacy u not lu certain. The • 
tew flOablMlwd far Um Ant tia* ihr 
ikMi ud ha eanpafadv* a h i imi i n i < 
rhaaae appljoi orrtaitUy to ihw am and probably to ( 

to ! . j«dur«a and (iualemala. alau led b;. 

W^'. < ■ .oacD in Ihe nbddto of Ucrember Lhmn^ .n of 

*• • " ' '.he thft« rrrfl 

I n wtlJ I- . ^n 

< Aj. «bcr« It I* bup*«i Maya hu'.'Cy «U1 be t/vcnl r\tn fan.'trr 

^^^Mtant ^'uraXcv W-^— " n '•'-*'t ^?h«mi» iKp 

Ramon- Mar MUian Sub^ 

418 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

gist. Starting June 25, 1927, from Wiscasset, Maine, the expedition 
arrived in Hopedale, Labrador, July 18. Dr. Strong carried on 
archaeological investigations on near-by islands, finding several 
burial cairns, skeletons, and typical Eskimo grave gifts. Piloted 
by an Eskimo, he visited the aberrant stone ruins at Sculpin Island, 
north of Nain. From the type of construction, evidences of whale- 
bone roof-beams, lack of fire-pits, and the known fact that typical 
Eskimo burials were located on near-by hills, the conclusion was 
reached that the stone walls represented an old Eskimo whaling 
camp. Later investigation in Frobisher Bay revealed indubitable 
Eskimo ruins of this type. On July 30, while landing stores at the 
station site, Anatalak Bay, the first Naskapi Indians were sighted. 

A cruise around Frobisher Bay in southeastern Baffin Island 
occupied the time from August 7 to 28. In the western end of the 
bay at Bishop's Island and Koojesse Inlet, stone ruins of a type 
identical with those on Sculpin Island, Labrador, were examined. 
Eskimo artifacts found in situ clinched their identity. On the Sylvia 
Grinnell River a base camp of Nugumiut Eskimo, living in primitive 
style, was encountered. Lack of able interpreters as well as time 
prevented the securing of collections, but sketches and photographs 
were made. The men and able-bodied women of this band were in 
the interior (vicinity of Amadjuak Lake), but their kayaks and 
umiaks on the Jordan River were seen. 

Old stone, sod, and whale-bone iglus were encountered on 
Brewster Point, but time for digging was lacking. A representative 
collection of modern Eskimo camp debris (old lamps, harpoon-points, 
bone work) was secured from a temporarily abandoned camp of the 
Nugumiut. On Kodlunarn (White Man's) Island the ruins of Sir 
Martin Frobisher's camp were examined, and some fragmentary 
objects collected. Following the expedition's return to Labrador, 
the time between August 29 and September 28 was spent working 
on the house that was to shelter the party during the winter. 

From September 29 to October 15 a trip was made south to 
Jack Lane's Bay and up Hunt's River in search of a band of Naskapi- 
Montagnais Indians. Dr. Strong was accompanied by a local boy, 
who, it turned out, had never been in the region before and did not 
know the whereabouts of the Indians. In the interior traveling was 
done by canoe. Storms, swift water, many portages, and an unknown 
country rendered the trip very difficult. There were no signs of the 
Indians where they had been reported to be, and though Dr. Strong 
and his companion pressed farther into the interior, still none were 


-id hfing 
(MM lo H«. BMkiaf aO Th* t 

■i» tpmA aa Uw bouMi sad cuiusf »uua. 

-(foac bc^kA a four- -n adne 

al iKp •laiKJO. 1 iM«v W loutel lit* camp of « itiuni U U*rr«a 

< f- - aa». Bora* iafonnalioa. •.K.^...T7,{ilia. um) worth-wliilv 

tJbimkmA. Low lampnr.. <0*) and hish wiiMla 

« mmuani vk«i wbeo the iBdiaiM movvd 

„^ ..^ MaUoA. (> (he httd rotidiuofi of the i<«. 

• 1 from Danmbar H > January 11. 1928 wm umxI 

.'MNrew. mafda atudy. wh«o 
: tn trope. 

bttx work wtlh the Naakapt 
'DlilMiMd. Uunng that lime Dr. Stroos trax'ded 

I inkH band ' - the inlBhar. Shu«h»- 

.-! iiHfii to • »rt«d aa interpreter. 

.' a groat d«d 

<,iv«u«»j in a un) \< •* '. '. ttame tm 

!piag Ibem haul thnr -. :> v^^iu. and 

ng ubtAioed a nMn[i««hetuive tdea of 

•rr luaxe two buadrad ntka from the tutioo 

'4tM|h a lari* aiva hvsCofore unviait«d by 

r oMPCi Tmprrmturai aa lov aa 40*. vermin. ocva»onaJ ponoda 

«IMD the Indiaaa ««Bt 

at tioMa lark of food, 

Km the Kaakapi depaad alnoal antirriy oa migratory borda of 
' ' od^tbairitrebraotrolladtoafm:; '« babiu 

«t» f^tft^ fS'f«_>n \ Mvr^ %Ai !• , < [Maple 

.n lloiMi^ 

•^la^hmtmi. il •*• LUe &u( MUfaordiBMry 

- '-"^'^--i by ipt«nag them vhen the main 

anaual aulvma mtpauon Then. 

Urn <imm ciMMi0*d their route, and now 

^.^vtiy ■nan Ki'**!* v»n<(<» iKfrajirlf i.hff barmi 

420 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

According to the Indians, this happened because the deer smelled 
great heaps of bones left uncared for. The caribou, they say, told 
the caribou god of these bones, and he became very angry. He took 
all the caribou down into a distant mountain which the Indians 
call the Caribou House, the legend continues, and since then the 
Indians have been very hungry. Thus, they explain, they were 
forced to move to the coast where they could supplement their 
hunting trips with fishing, trade, and beggary. The Indians now 
are very careful to practise all the sacred rites pertaining to the 
caribou, thus hoping to make the caribou god relent. They are 
especially concerned about preventing the dogs from touching the 
head, horns, or long bones of the deer. They require that the sacred 
maiTow used at the ceremonial feasts be eaten in the lodge, and the 
container cleaned at once. This is to prevent possible profanation 
of the deer by dogs. 

The mythology of the Naskapi forms an interesting link between 
that recorded by Turner in Ungava and that by Speck in southern 
Labrador. The many references to southern animals, mere names 
to these people, and the contents of the myths which refer to such 
things as palisaded villages, suggest a rather recent northerly move- 
ment of the people. The fact that Indian place names, especially 
towards the coast, seem to be comparatively scarce, while they use 
Eskimoan or white men's names for rivers and lakes, confirms this 

A mythical people, called the Katcimedgeezue, are greatly feared 
by the Naskapi. These people are said to come far into the lonely 
interior in magical tall-bowed canoes and to steal Naskapi children. 
Their whistling may be heard by the common people, the Naskapi 
say, but they are invisible except to the Naskapi conjurers who 
pretend they can see them and drive them away by the aid of their 
own powerful spirits. This would seem to be the northern version 
of the tales inspired by the fierce Iroquois, who in early times drove 
the Naskapi to the north. Dr. Strong reports that the interior of 
Labrador is so utterly desolate and lonely that it is small wonder 
that the Indians believe it to be the abode of these and a host of 
other malevolent spirits. 

The Naskapi Indians do not seem to regard certain areas as 
belonging exclusively to certain bands. Each has a huge region, 
that of the Barren Ground people including some thirty thousand 
square miles, totally unoccupied save by about one hundred Indians. 
Should one band be markedly successful in the hunt, or should 

Ja* ly.- 

,,:■■■ ,, 421 

r. may 


TVb tmiiirmerT* «rp AnpV. and rt ww**f« nfW» utd 

i,, idmo, 

4l««^» ojui 1 iu» ucvtnacTx-r ■ --»r main 

bruv !«»»▼ !*ovwf bftlMT Bor*' -"**« "«• 

» rrv (Jb» nain herd* of cmhbou aam t -f 

.. jcid BBC aomg M * ^iUfP "^ *■ ■'^ 

^>««xM lo b* v«r> riopad. •« 

t^-tXinttwiX bjr ■ •»* m\«»utfauuo, art u a;!iu»t c-in.ny 

I'-.tuAtA fordK ttot for magieal or rriifiouc purpoae*. 

'•<' rB liir Indua* arr caucht oul in » ■tann or on trovlcMi barrm 
r - :.ti«pd(Mo« mlaJloi* "<<a» (or half an 

» •' . raara 

> bouw ia anUrdy 
•rd of a bouaa 
•-aigalor't rtsr 
rtKunt to ihr ctMktl I- 


nUoe wOTv Hmrtd fram (Iw Manvtan Mumuo rvruru. 

1 to 18 the tiorthrm »t«t»<jf ■ k and Ji. ' 

■ aa tlw 

iTlakaa in 

422 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

The time from May 19 to June 19 was spent at the station, 
because melting ice prevented travel. Studies and measurements of 
some twenty-five Indians were made, and some Indian material 
was collected. 

From June 20 to July 4 an excursion was made in a canoe for 
about fifty miles over the difficult Hunt's River route to investi- 
gate a stone age Eskimo ruin reported by the Indians. Many ancient 
Eskimo stone implements were secured, and the ancient Sharp 
Hill quarry (head of Jack Lane's Bay) was thoroughy investigated. 

During the period from July 5 to 22 stone age Eskimo sites at 
Windy Tickle and sites of the early Mission period (about 1770) 
were excavated at Spirit Island and Hopedale. 

From July 27 to August 10 archaeological investigations of 
islands east of Nain were continued, partly by motor-boat and partly 
by canoe. On these excursions the cooperation and assistance 
of Messrs. Frank Henderson and Novio Bertrand, two of Com- 
mander MacMillan's aids, were of great value. Excavations were 
made in early Mission period ruins at Natcutuk, Ivalik, and 
Nukasujuktok Islands. About twenty old Eskimo graves and gift 
cairns were studied, and their contents secured. 

The cultural remains encountered during excavations on the 
northern Labrador coast indicate two main periods of Eskimo 
occupation of the region between Port Manvers and Hopedale. 

The first is a stone age culture, found in small camp sites 
exposed by wind or water erosion, which are marked by well- 
chipped chalcedony, quartz, or flint points and blades, ground- 
stone pot fragments, adze-blades, a gouge, and stone ulus. There 
is a notable absence of bone or ivory work. Some small fragments 
of fossilized bone were found at these sites, but no worked bone 
implements. The majority of these sites are on the coast, but one 
old site which is identical was found some fifty miles up Hunt's 

An old native quarry of colorless chalcedony, its lower exposures 
covered by two feet of moss and soil, was discovered at the head of 
Jack Lane's Bay. Hammer-stones and characteristic stone imple- 
ments were found in the bare wind-eroded exposures near-by. This 
quarry marked the only occurrence of chalcedony known in the 
region, and the site shows evidence of extensive work. The character 
of the stone ulus, adze-blades, and of one steatite charm indicates 
that the makers were Eskimoan. The presence of the gouge and 
the type of chipped stone points indicate a relationship with the 


iAS 19C» 

Assr U. 

ot TSB DmrrcMi 

ruhufiM tit StmlamMfd anal 

Uhi ihm vvrjr avij t&ai*a %u4s tMuao culiutv 
rateiad ut tW Ikniluik aad Um flBrtr AlronkiMi mane %tr 
U> lit* HMtl^ Bddt • cfaw r«4«tMt- •rm In 

riitaaiiw voukl iw — a lo ha%v 
urn met y^ eimu 

T>» iBttwftJ J^i..:r-i. cu.'.^'<: 

M ilM of Uw Kariy ihtmoa 



biar. and may h* ikwHil 

ui iimilar la tKoae st 
tmv9 ^ 

m and the ptl 
aq la the •atiMr 

>UW. Spihi 

t, rvwwd COO' 

i ........^v-ial 


.h thtt r ' 

titan rauM Iw madr of ihM 
liw Dwicur'* Knnrt f 

' of llw rxtMslKion ( 

424 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

the Royal College of Surgeons, and Professor Elliott Smith of 
University College, London, in connection with studies of Nean- 
derthal man. Mr. Frederick Blaschke, of Cold Spring on Hudson, 
New York, sculptor who accompanied the expedition, made a 
model of the Forbes Quarry Gibraltar skull of a Neanderthal 
woman, under the supervision of Sir Arthur, with the original skull 
before him. The Chapelle-aux-Saints cranium was taken as a 
model for Neanderthal man and a similar work of reproduction 
accomplished. The sculptor also made a one-fifth scale model of a 
Neanderthal man, with Sir Arthur and Professor Smith giving many 
valuable suggestions. Plaster casts of several Neanderthal skeletal 
remains were purchased to aid the sculptor. Books and other 
sources of information were placed at his disposal. These models 
will be of use in carrying out plans for the proposed hall. 

The members of the expedition next proceeded to Paris, where 
they were joined by Abb6 Henri Breuil, professor at the Institut 
de Pal^ontologie Himiaine, who had agreed to act as scientific 
adviser. Mr. Pierre Gatier of Paris was engaged as artist, and 
Mr. Henri Barreyre as photographer. Headquarters were established 
at Les Eyzies in the Dordogne region of southwestern France. 
Mr. D. Peyrony, Director of the Les Eyzies Museum, kindly 
granted the expedition permission to collect data and to make 
photographs, motion pictures and color sketches in and about the 
famous rock-shelter of Cap Blanc, whence came the skeleton of a 
Magdalenian young man which the Museum obtained in 1927 — 
the only complete adult paleolithic skeleton in the United States. 
Samples of the earth covering the rock-shelter were secured, and 
pieces from the wall were obtained for the use of Field Museum. 

Cap Blanc was visited, and Abb6 Breuil and Mr. Field spent 
much time examining collections of prehistoric objects excavated 
by farmers living near-by. Upon the recommendation of the Abb^, 
Mr. Field purchased the Castanet collection, which includes a 
remarkable Aurignacian necklace from La Souquette. This neck- 
lace is composed of beads made from mammoth ivory, shells, per- 
forated teeth, and small pebbles, and is approximately 35,000 years 
old. All noted prehistoric caves in the region were visited to aid in 
selection of material for future exhibition, and several small collec- 
tions were purchased. The art staff then proceeded to Mas d'Azil 
and made photographs, motion pictures, sketches and two models. 

At the invitation of Professor Hugo Obermaier of the University 
of Madrid the expedition visited the renowned cave of Altamira 

Jam 1«9 

A<<Hi u. lUrotT OP nut DuutmM 


Saauaiv is 
10 ' 






Umji on Um .Vuuan penod 

F^(4d thm rhritad th* av* of 

. mil be oT iM» 

^ of ■$• 

tn 1 

(r&.M«d Ui Ih* etpeditioo Ibe ; ol aeqiunng the only 

Ml flf cmu BMile from the Br>' 

miltad to Ware Pnnce. Tbe ■■ 

k*. ' ^ 'r' ^ . xled it an ini«r«KUn« acme in which • cow, 

«uh t um w nA tuaux. u dsMiag • »>■■■ 

The PWd MtufuiB Oiford y Joint Kxpeditioo to 

\kt!mj\mjfjLn.^ U... .:\ l-%eld and Mr. HrrtMt 

'•^ itd. eooipltUd lU rnXUx metuun a: K V.inf frum Utr bccin- 

^.j c/ T V*« i i tiir 1937 to April 1. i '>« (Md dirwUir WM 

n He VM MMtfted by MoMrft Hf^iry h'trld 

&t«r«Kl Aba pMKMil Um U«t»r 

.rt ?,.! dtd ao( wih »! > 


ml to • «tepth 

426 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

of five meters over an area of about a hundred square meters. The 
center of this area revealed a building designated in the records as 
Monimient Z, which contained practically no objects. Although it 
was located beneath the Arab remains, it was above the culture 
stratum attributed to the period of Sargon I. 

The general plan for this season was to clear a limited area down 
to water level, and to make an effort to obtain objects of cultural 
importance belonging to the earliest inhabitants of Kish. It was 
also imperative to secure skeletal material that would contribute to 
solving the problem as to the physical characteristics of the early 
inhabitants of Mesopotamia. The work was carried on with a force 
of about two hundred workmen and basket-boys. A light railway 
system consisting of eight small trucks was employed for the removal 
of the earth of the mounds above the plain level. Below this, basket- 
boys were used, and a space about ninety meters in length and 
thirty meters in width was excavated down to a depth of fifty feet 
below the original surface of the mound. At this point water was 
reached, and further digging was impossible. 

Continuing below the magnificent temple of Nabonidus, erected 
toward the middle of the sixth century B.C., an almost sterile red 
stratum which covered the entire area at this particular depth was 
reached. Just above this red layer was found a female skeleton 
with a thin gold headband in place around the skull. There were 
numerous large pots with handles emblematic of the mother-goddess, 
so characteristic of cemetery "A," excavated by the expedition 
during its second season. From another grave, presumably that 
of a princess, were brought to light a beautiful lapis-lazuli and gold 
necklace, copper hairpins surmounted by figures of cow heads, and 
a variety of beads, silver earrings, bracelets and other jewelry. In 
the red stratum, which divides the upper and lower layers, were 
found two lapis-lazuli cylinder seals with clearly cut inscriptions, 
which Professor Langdon has been able to date at about 2950 B.C. 
As the work continued down toward water level, it was obvious 
that everything to be found below this red stratum was prior to 
3000 B.C. 

Himian skeletons occurred in all the various levels, and Assistant 
Curator Field spent every day with two Arab workmen, especially 
trained for this kind of work, in the task of removing the earth 
from the bones, applying to them a thin coat of wax, and packing 
them in wooden boxes preparatory for shipment to Chicago. Accu- 
rate records were kept of the exact level in which each skeleton was 

Jam. IflO AxKtAt IUf<a«T or me Dtku^ua 427 

.mA. tujNliir Willi Um ott^aria durm^ffvd vtlh tlw il n Mo n . 

I l>raa>n0l Mkil •IvCHmB oI iKr ^ of th« obi«Cto wrrr kko 

' - - ^>i«iMnu «rf mar» UK*-. >..- ;.ai»f*y~' .V-A->..^. --^-.^ wot 

*«n TWraoditMMiaf tlwboiMiMWA '>«d 

!.«• X lly »«rw. and in •n-«r»l cmmm it »■■ m i t p— U« U> 

e -in- TImiv 

a- tiowU, found in awunaUun irKh tlM 

f fulti win' wa* 
._..,._ , .rtr abwArr o( 

p^rrtoiM ■(a(w<: wtrp numrruu* U«Ua at ncrw foniM, 

^f^** IB? A '*»'^'' "-All 

C. ■>■»* rut off. and the 

ftf.r :i) u.' Ump. A number of 

•-. . .-a litiiiii itviu!r ii\ i)k« shape 

i from 
I.' ' U itm Imck • v^rtAOb n^l u? n ut tiv« peUlt. 

' *« lowort le\*«fai 
a.'> •ihcr with four. 

The furr-jcr wm drawn by bull^ Thcrv were ■e\-eral human »lu4etaiM 
h *e the low-walM aodoMrv ckw to 

I.' ' <rood of the whada waa dUntagrmtad. 

and h»d btrtMne aimuM a« thin aa paper. Around the edge of each 
wtMil •«« coppe' ^ aftar the diaoovary of Um 

tanatjianlml Hm^ <joe waa cneoantand The 

tk^nattt U four a—f"^ that had apparently drawn it arrr 
oQ tttlMr Mde of Um pola. Thajr had evidn ' Mmfkv^j «nn 
UMir iwMlar. HalaaMi two of tlia aiuinal» ^nd a iliaft tar- 

mmated by a metal boat and aupporUnc the nn^i curmountad by a 
u- through arhtdl paMad the reina. TbM vary 

ir . 'y throara a aaar and T»«riap Hg^t on the 

of tr^.-.»)<un in ua» about SlOO B. < :i of the 

a- '.arikanot «nMaiAow> tag 

tK r«kt T^ arood ws* oo. 

an>i >•. axt r? . (if oak lU 

► ■ ■ 

rr • ' 

428 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

succeeded, by using meticulous care, in determining its dimensions 
and general technique. 

According to his report, the wheels consist of wooden planks 
kept in place by a rim, and strengthened on both the outside and 
the inside by wooden cross-pieces measuring two and three-eighths 
inches in diameter. The rim is covered with copper nails at close 
intervals. The axles supported a platform which had a copper border 
at the anterior end, and wooden semicircular sideboards. 

Close to the four-wheeled chariot was found a copper saw, 
probably used for cutting the wood of the wheels. There were also 
several human skeletons lying in this vicinity, and one complete 
skeleton in a very good state of preservation was recumbent on the 
slope some ten feet away from the rear end of the chariot. 

At the close of the season the work of cataloguing and packing 
was completed after the division of the objects with the Irak Museum, 
represented by Mr. R. S. Cooke, Honorary Director of Antiquities 
for Irak. 

During the season a comprehensive series of photographs was 
taken at Kish. An interesting motion picture of the work in progress 
was also made. Mr. Schroeder and Mr. Field also took numerous 
photographs illustrating the season's activities and the general 
progress of the excavations. 

The most remarkable discovery of the season, according to 
Professor Langdon, is a new prehistoric culture, not Sumerian, but 
allied to Sumerian, equally old and entirely distinct. This new 
culture represents a people characterized physically by a side hair- 
lock worn over the right ear and falling from the crown of the 
otherwise completely tonsured head. They produced finely painted 
pottery both in one color and in yellow, black, and red. The pottery 
was wheel-made and decorated almost entirely with geometrical 
designs, although a few naturalistic motives of animals occur, 
connecting this culture directly with early Elam. 

In 1926, Jemdet Nasr, which lies eighteen miles northeast of 
Kish, yielded many fragments of painted pottery and some complete 
painted jars and tablets of an archaic type. Mr. Watelin decided to 
continue excavations there in March, 1928, with a force of two 
hundred workmen accompanied by Messrs. Field and Scliroeder. 
The workmen, after removing an enormous quantity of earth, found 
hundreds of fragments of painted pottery and some complete jars, 
as well as some pictographic tablets in linear script, seals of various 


4lL IMf AXXVAL RSfOKT or T1HI Diti Ui 

ivpML. fend four tnmnmiMry tummm • ta • 

'— ^' ! aofdoa aa U»( t- xork 

U Jk Mr fVM rrXuHMd to KmJ) wlUh Mr 

ttmi of kflthrapaoMCnc mm** 

,«rsturr lum of 1.'!' 


em and » hur Minpl* of pracOcmlly w«ry on* «u < 

*• to eORlpa 

.ad Satnitm. and ii u of partMniUr \iJur bcrauav no oUmt Iwv* 
6«B >!•«>; Mar« Utaa 

!t of the dMTOvcry of flint : -u of pakoiiv 

A Brvwj ; 

car » •^" 



b.. . .. n I>' • 

ol Sovtr '<> cuopT' the Air 

*4iaMU7 IB lioadoa aad ti*rt<rul^ 

lB|Bn— I d:- ;«diliun |iruv«Kl Um 

.a a palaolHl.' , .— . '» in ibr •"•« ^'n^-* 

/ S«th Arabu br- r Hr>ju 1 Iia«dad. Tba 

■M t6m lA«l iW nHBoa fonaad a MOSratXM^ Umar to oUffaUon 

Tti>wm»i tK» ktadiMw of tW Air MmMCrv la L^iadtm aad Atr 

I i.M I \ij a^M < ^~> <^ TAK-w 

to acKoasMeir a d«bc oad 


430 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

consisted of Messrs. Henry Field, Eric Schroeder, S. Y. Showket, 
and G. Vania. For part of the way the expedition accompanied 
an armored car patrol, and was thus able to visit many important 
sites within an area containing a hostile population. Thousands of 
flint implements were collected from more than three hundred new 
sites. A large number of photographs was taken, and all the Roman 
and Arabic ruins were recorded. One of the most interesting places 
visited is Qasr Burqa which lies on the eastern border of the great 
Harrat er-Rajil and was the easternmost outpost of the Roman 
Empire. The ruins were mapped in detail, and more than two 
hundred photographs were taken. Detailed information on numerous 
historical ruins was obtained. Photographs of the Bedouins and 
their tribal life were made whenever possible. 

In addition to the objects collected, and the data gathered bearing 
upon ruined buildings, information of great value concerning hun- 
dreds of miles of desert land was obtained. Notes on the topographical 
nature of the country traversed, the additional information and 
corrections which can be placed upon the new maps, and the deduction 
that this was once a well-watered and fertile area inhabited by man, 
all resulting from this expedition, add materially to the existing 
knowledge of the North Arabian Desert. 

A preliminary archaeological survey was made in northeastern 
Irak between Kirkuk and Mosul in an attempt to link the chain 
of prehistoric surface sites in the desert with northeastern Irak. 
Caves were reported from near Rowanduz and Akkra, and it seems 
plausible to suggest that some of the prehistoric peoples passed 
through these gorges or to the south at Suleimania, where search 
is now being made for traces of paleolithic man. 

Mr. Field returned to Chicago on October 3. 

A great amount of research has been accomplished during the 
year by present and past members of the Staff of the Department 
of Anthropology. The results of many of these researches have 
already been received in manuscript, and others have reached an 
advanced stage so that the preparation of manuscript for publication 
may be expected in the not distant future. 

Professor A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archae- 
ology, has been engaged for two years in a technical investigation of 
ancient Peruvian fabrics collected by him during two expeditions 
to Peru on behalf of the Museum. He is aided in this work by a 
textile expert. Miss Lila O'Neale, of the University of California. 
Each fabric is analyzed as to technique, color scheme, pattern. 

Jas i%r» <- KirottT or nor Daamw ui 

ftfid uumt^L Hmt* afv afUM tram Ihrw to at 

t*riu*quH r- "njMB* erf IfaM* inwf ' ' « 

to i ry p x T avt> baan cMBpbCad -I 

Iv^ an* a- : ll ii hufjcd thai in Ihu 

wmj ».- ' " ' avian 

IfKtiba. «4o|>- 

■MM CrwB -^ Um art wtudi a 

ak wi y wtaujwurxg ' *ppm- 

K.'>«-<«r rtpart* lu f .Ml fNruvtan fabnet roady for 

»._! .- • < ■ • .-) "KoMitcwMlatie 

~i and hmivtan > in Uie 

Cumtur A. <• lir^u comptctad a ct..- '- -' MflUmwao 
ib»l! m awfy Mr'anaji m notaM^ for the grcb •' of aMl 

Oku ^m in a. i of the rrcton. i t>e Muamun 

- -tUm, ma Itw atudy 

UI qu— III III gi%TM a (WkeraJ acruuni of the uae of ah< throush' 

oittMalBMttB.ih»dMthbaboBofiiM- " *• 

or m a nuf a <. t u r>. and a dMcriplioii of . • 

1 »* i.x •,>ti lAtiltm, tarmeriy an aaaataxit cuntur uf the Depart- 
- r ' - •> uTii lifirfi— M iif irnhrii|iiilinp iT Thr rnirniTTy 

..' .•. .» .6. ■ -rnptHfid about one-half of the t\ru of a pru)«rifld 

■naa of •<» ^'^ : r« LuMed on hu work a* loader of lb* 

CapCiMr " • Madacaarv The firM study 

4Mb » •'^ of M*il^j:^i>-Ar The TanaU 

Ihr* la the detiae m ^ uf the oMUrtt ■> rhain of lb* 

Umd. and ■ ■ ;mced by Ku/upc^a^i ouniact. Tbair 

aftA. if»!iii' .-. i'. ! rr-!.^'; •; t'..'.] f'H.jkin prmrti- 

.» '.)f for 

lb* ttw fuJi VH^. ruw cultura 

■rM «!i>rh >im4 df pfwanad 

432 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

A leaflet dealing with the use of tobacco in Africa has been 
prepared along lines which coordinate with a series of five leaflets 
on tobacco published some years ago. A chapter on the introduction 
of tobacco into Africa has been written by Curator Laufer. Assistant 
Curator W. D. Hambly deals with African customs relating to 
tobacco, while the use of tobacco in Madagascar is presented by 
Dr. Ralph Linton. This subject presents many points of interest 
which center around the growing and manufacture of tobacco, 
the making of pipes and snuff boxes, and many quaint customs 
connected with smoking. 

The manuscript of a study of the painted pottery and other 
objects found at Jemdet Nasr has been received from Mr. Ernest 
Mackay, and will shortly be published in the Memoir Series of the 

Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson prepared a manuscript on 
the ethnology of the present-day Mayas of British Honduras. 

The results of the Captain Marshall Field Expedition to Colombia 
of 1922-23 were submitted for publication by its leader. Dr. Alden 
Mason, now of the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. William M. McGovern, formerly an assistant curator in the 
Department, and now of the faculty of Northwestern University, 
completed a manuscript on the ethnology of the Gran Chaco region. 

The Curator, Dr. Berthold Laufer, made a study of the history 
of the game of polo in Asia for which he has collected an abundance 
of illustrative and documentary material from Persia, China, and 
India, and continued his researches into the domestications of 
animals, three of which are now almost ready — the cock, the cormo- 
rant, and the cat. The last-named investigation will definitely settle 
the problem of the first appearance of domesticated cats in Asia and 
the varieties of cats produced in the Far East. Corresponding 
with his "Prehistory of Aviation" and "Prehistory of Television," 
Dr. Laufer is planning to write five more prehistories — those 
of telegraphy, electricity, paleontology, meteorology, and the 

Professor F. E. Wood, of Chicago, availed himself of the oppor- 
tunities offered by the Department's study room, and examined all 
Peruvian skulls in the Museum's collection, measuring 362 of these 
and making notes on teratological and pathological conditions found. 

BOTANY.^ — The major exploration work of the Department of 
Botany during the past year was the Captain Marshall Field Expedi- 

j&M. iMi AMMUL tbmwn or nm Dwktmi 4SS 

IjW U> PmmMi. roMdurUvl by Mr G fyurtor l'aap«r. Md ■MJHi nt 

iB capidtlMoarT woHi in < <^ '-->* Aoicnr* r.« tKta nmadttion tSs 

i«k. Md of tlw BclMol U ^unMUy of V*^ 

.. iBiOTwi itf P\ fill III SmmmI J. iUrara. •] 

Vvrhaaic^ tn ftnvl MoMWB. Tb* work of th» ri VM 

fMMMHl by — tlaalttl MiiMaae* w aikr wl by (he L uu«l f>uit 

r<l III PftnafTMi fmm 1> — t u twr, \9Sl, until th» 
tt«t a< 'A. Mart t>' • ctpkvmiKM) 

I iilbilwl (ran tU trwa Hnm « «•»! uvl 

utkNT botamraJ rhanrtcnaUc*. Many •tuly 

to aU*d«DU of wooik. In ^ ■ - -one 

vvoad l^viB^. to . Hlu. 

Th* vsKir ol tit* wood Mnpka vm greaUy locreMod by th* 
!aci dal b»b« huB i ^ ' <i«u>f Uw W- 

bl* tlM Ipw i aad ■ ako eoOart- « 

tR«k. ibia makint pn—Kti* Lh« aerurmt* ideauftcauon of t 

- u Rmb ' <]par obUiAcd k 

.. . '--^ •hn.:--, — - IB Boea* dd Tu; . _ 

^ Thr « Uruufhl bark about two tixMuand 

- mhtekt bav* baao iband « 

Tha raaulu ol ihi* undar'.-- , -i 

^MfB arquinng ■ vsluable amc* uf wuuds and 

uTitua ^ » ee u nen^ from a n0oa htntatan 

-' ••♦ •« 'xiUcrOona. 

i! |«pr- 'jad by Profaaur Kcronl aitd 

Mr dacauiac Ute mauiiA of th* npadilion Amunc iba 

•ODo* ocriAioad cbMif tatarvat att^bat to a &?>- '-' ' " - »« 

btaadwoad." »^t»>i Ka« bwn placed oa «bil > 

jakaoam to mnencr, •<- 

.«ai tmkr-' -~ - ■- 

m Uw sorld. The aauvai n^ 


434 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

The herbarium specimens have been studied and determined by 
Associate Curator Paul C. Standley, who has found them to be of 
exceptional interest. They include representatives of two new 
genera, about sixty new species of trees, and one family of plants 
— the Quiinaceae — unknown heretofore north of South America, 
besides several published species of trees which had not been col- 
lected before in Central America. No other recent collection of 
plants from middle America has proved so rich in new or rare species. 
» Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood Technology, pro- 
ceeded early in the year to Yale University where every facility 
was afforded by the School of Forestry to select specimens from 
the duplicate collection of tropical woods in that institution. At 
the same time he made studies of certain tropical woods, and the 
results of the investigations were published under the title "Studies 
of Some Tropical American Woods" in the September issue of 
"Tropical Woods," the publication issued quarterly by the Yale 
University School of Forestry. 

The Department shared in one Museum expedition, the Rawson- 
MacMillan Subarctic Expedition. Messrs. C. S. Sewall and A. C. 
Weed assembled 678 specimens of plants, mostly from Labrador. 
The collection, added to those obtained by the same collectors in 
previous years, gives the Museum an excellent series from a region 
imperfectly known botanically. 

As an indication of the extensive use which is being made of 
the Herbarium for research purposes, there may be cited twenty- 
nine papers published during the year. Some of these were prepared 
by the Staff of the Department of Botany, some describe the results 
of Museum expeditions, and others are based, at least in part, 
upon material in the collections of the Department. 

Professor Samuel J. Record, Associate in Wood Technology, 
published in Tropical Woods a paper of twenty-seven pages listing 
the trees obtained in the region of Bocas del Toro by the Captain 
Marshall Field Expedition to Panama, 1928, and also a list of the 
trees collected by the same Expedition near Perm6, Panama. The 
vernacular names are given for most of the trees reported, and the 
two papers form an important contribution to the knowledge of 
the forests of Central America. 

Associate Curator Paul C. Standley published in Tropical Woods 
five short papers describing new species of Central American trees 
represented in collections received for determination by Field 
Museum. He published also in Science a brief article descriptive 


of l.AiM«<t1U l'i|wruiMAt tUaiMKi. HofidunM in lit* vwtiutr of «h»rh 

la tlw MOW >auniAl Mr N' l 

erf! ' 

\|r G IVortar Cooper | U Iwo pmptn 

the nmuiU erf tl»r 'a 

ir««u (rf W-. •n&nt Umber Uvw. •monf thnn Um hjuxlKNn* 

bkuiivoaii ne aUb of which racaDtly wm pUoad on 

»>-.>.• • . ^il Ux<\ Th* Meond paper by Mr ('oop«r 

u i wmlM of «r«ncm I*uuuiui 

■<, undrr 

St- -'.lairUiJ-- - -- - : 

IVr ' covmna (ufty |jaj{r» 

Mr I 'f 

Mr H 

tlMHlll ~S*r(T in rtu J» 

Amonc oth« tmi^n who h»\-e i ..! ~ • » baaed parUy 

upoe FMd MiMun coUactiOM may U- M < . >- ^ K l<>ake. 

Itambad UB Mw ^latiai ol \\ < < . 

lypca wv ta Um Harhartum: Mr*. K 

- ■■ ■ J. (WW row la a papar appaa--- ■ ■ 


■ • «» t ■ - . 

r.jrtj» 1 >? ) f *-•> .» '"'i 

AUmb ta Sonli A; r? a Clio* ~ Ml 

tram 'hr r " • 

■an* ta lb* HrrtMiriutn at ^wM Muavum. 
T)M <tcttfvliMUoa of u "HMlti'ng r«rn\'«d dunni ihr 

T«f fimiptarf Bath of the . . alllM Staff of tba tiarhanum. 

; . 

.rwoo. who 

\r. rti,. 

. . .^ 



.« and 



436 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

The most important collection studied was that made in Panama 
by Mr. G. Proctor Cooper of Yale, which required several weeks 
because of the large number of new or rare species which it con- 
tains. A paper describing the new species was prepared and is 
now in process of publication. 

During the year many lots of plants were received from corre- 
spondents for determination, and these have been named and in 
most cases added to the Herbarium. A large part of the most 
valuable and desirable material received during the period under 
review was acquired in this manner. Material requiring determina- 
tion was received from many portions of the United States, and 
from Mexico, British Honduras, Guatemala, Salvador, Hondiu-as, 
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, British 
Guiana, and Venezuela. Among these collections there were many 
interesting and unknown plants of which descriptions have been 
prepared for publication. 

In order to make possible the accurate determination of the 
Museum's collection of tropical American plants of the family 
Rubiaceae, a group which yields coffee, quinine, ipecac, and other 
useful products, there were borrowed from the larger herbaria of 
the United States, through the courtesy of their curators, several 
hundred specimens of the family. These are being studied by 
Associate Curator Paul C. Standley who is preparing an eniunera- 
tion of the Rubiaceae of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. 
A flora of the Yucatan Peninsula, which it is expected will be 
ready for publication during the coming year, has been brought 
nearly to completion by Associate Curator Standley. 

Assistant Curator J. Francis Macbride has been able to devote 
a satisfactory amoimt of time to study of the collections of the 
Captain Marshall Field Expeditions to the Peruvian Andes. These 
collections, supplemented by those of Dr. A. Weberbauer, Mr. Carlos 
Schunke, and other collectors, are serving as the basis of a compre- 
hensive list of the flora of Peru, now in course of preparation. Dur- 
ing the year manuscript has been prepared for several of the larger 

In the determination of Illinois plants Mr. H. C. Benke, of 
Chicago, contributed generously of his time, naming specimens 
sent by correspondents to the Museum for determination, and 
revising the identifications of specimens already in the Herbarium. 
Dr. Earl E. Sherff, of Chicago, has continued in the Herbarium his 
studies of the Compositae, particularly in the genus Bidens, and 








Jam. ltS» Ast - 





R. M&»»^ r.i-.r<] 

KsMPOnll 'r , . ol tikr 

4uafU)a. of 

at rwutl-. AinrrKafl plar* 

•aa. of tlw I'mtad Slali 
A^BM Chuc u-'ii IV A b 




I Jr. \S 




: "f . 





'j«« ptHip*: wtd Ur. M A Homt, of iM nine iMii- 

(M llw ir>Qr¥ irr.rinr 

PMHi ol UiC SBBUk ;' 

puinf s !r>QniQ0vzife an this zr 

'^lU of 


•en of 


C«ar«kA. H< Ijctui* 

438 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

nized elsewhere, and the same fact is indicated by the large number 
of correspondents who forward material for determination. Fre- 
quent requests are received, also, for the names of local plants 
brought to the Herbarium by visitors from the Chicago district. 
By mail there are received numerous requests for information 
covering many branches of botanical knowledge, requiring the 
expenditure of much time to furnish the necessary data. The 
Department of Botany has assisted in the work of other Depart- 
ments of the Museum by supplying information upon botanical 

The Herbarium has enjoyed visits during the past year from a 
large number of botanists of the United States and foreign coun- 
tries who came to study the collections or to make the acquaintance 
of the Herbarium and its Staff. 

Dr. J. S. Enander of Lillhardal, Sweden, one of the leading 
authorities of the world upon the willows, spent two weeks in the 
Herbariimi, studying the Salix collections and annotating them. 
Dr. Enander was commissioned by the Swedish government to 
make a trip around the world for the purpose of studying willows 
and obtaining living material of them for introduction into Sweden, 
where they are used for basket making. With the assistance of the 
Staff of the Department and friends of the Museum he obtained a 
collection of cuttings of the willows of the Chicago region for ship- 
ment to Sweden. The death of this noted willow specialist, within 
a few weeks of his visit to the Museum, is noted with regret. 

Mr. Charles C. Deam, State Forester of Indiana, Bluffton, 
Indiana, visited the Herbariiun twice in order to obtain data for 
use in the preparation of an account of the grasses of his state. Dr. 
Cristobal Hicken, of Buenos Aires, one of the leading botanists of 
Argentina, visited the Museum in June, to familiarize himself with 
the Herbarium and the plant geography of the Lake Michigan 
dunes. Dr. C. R. Ball, of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture, studied the collection of American willows, upon which he 
is an authority. Professor Edgar Anderson, of the Missouri Botan- 
ical Garden, St. Louis, studied the Iris collection, and Mr. R. E. 
Woodson, of the same institution, studied the American plants of the 
family Apocynaceae. Mr. H. Teuscher, of the Morton Arboretum, 
Lisle, Illinois, visited the Herbarium in order to identify specimens 
of woody plants. Mrs. Eileen W. Erlanson, of the University of 
Michigan, studied the collections of American roses. 

t. 1K> As<Kt At RtfOBT or t«B 

Mr. G. B >^. €d ihr V \\ *«hit^nii. SaltK 

.-« .' iv.*^>>« « ^v« Mitt iJ ( '. tft ' ■ Ml *. a^ &r> T ^1^ 9v\ iM>*i Xrtm 

-van aUmt tmtkiur^ m mtw butt>ls« •!> Uac 

AiBOiv o(.' ^ ! >r Wtlann 1 *epr m f». 


cf th» Cimx Hcvtanun of i IM^. 

-rr c.* '. ■ ' ' M' 


* \* ' .,".<•' a 

.>!> a< Clucmcu UMi lUAiic uir ui u>c ii>-r , 

< rr ft—linl Cmur Sharat K. Roy. after eon.;.* „■ 
of th* lUvMi MacMiUaa F 
•dbuMl in rh&TBV of • ^wrta. 
^in Mv J fund. Th«r« h» cooUnued 

« s^i U aiiiftin^ toMk aad uUbfcr iBotogi cal iip< cimi > which 
«4 haan bi«wi te Um pravioas ymr in Lafarwiar aad Baflb Luid. 
TW winter ntooth* hp spMit chiefly in prrpttnnc. Ubeimg and 
->g Um if^f— >« from HafYin Ijuwi and N'trwfoundland that 
... ;icM> obtatar^ ;•>•«.- ^-..r ..-,.. » * ; •r«JiiBin*r-\ »f...t\ .rf 
« lUJhfi I.A£ad f . W of k 

^an had ttfvt-»ou* 
-•- -' '.ha male--. 
ffmftty of (' 
BiMv ih» matni of man) 

«d aarix in 

440 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

The locality at Manuels gave the best results, more than four 
hundred specimens of the fossils of Upper and Middle Cambrian 
age being obtained there. In all, about two thousand specimens 
were collected during the season. These belonged to the classes 
Lamellibranchiata, Annelida, Gastropoda and Trilobita. A large 
proportion are trilobites of Middle and Upper Cambrian age, and 
because of their antiquity and rarity they are an important addition 
to the Cambrian collections of the Museum. Their importance is 
further increased by the fact that preliminary studies indicate that 
many new genera and species will be found among them. Remark- 
ably good preservation characterizes most of the fossils. The Cam- 
brian fossils are of unusual interest also because many of them can 
be closely correlated with those of Massachusetts, New Brunswick, 
Great Britain, France, Spain, Bohemia and Scandinavia. These 
correlations indicate definitely that an open marine passage existed 
between northeastern North America and northwestern Europe 
during Middle Cambrian time. 

A comprehensive collection was made also of the ores and min- 
erals of Newfoundland, twelve different localities being represented 
in the specimens secured. 

At Sydney, Nova Scotia, Mr. Roy rejoined the Rawson-Mac- 
Millan Expedition on its return trip, and reached the Museum early 
in September. All the specimens which he obtained are of species 
new to the Museum collections. 

Through the courtesy of Judge George Bedford of Morris, 
Illinois, an opportunity was afforded to send Mr. J. B. Abbott of the 
Museum paleontological staff to visit several localities in Kansas, 
Nebraska, South Dakota and Colorado from which vertebrate 
fossils had been reported. Judge Bedford not only generously 
donated the use of his car, but accompanied Mr. Abbott on the trip 
to these localities. The first point at which collections were made 
was near Winona, Kansas, where remains of a large Mosasaur had 
been reported to the Museum by Mr. Mentor Etnyer of the Etnyer 
Survey. This locality yielded a skull, lower jaws, paddle bones and 
some other skeletal parts of the large Mosasaur, Tylosaurus, all 
of which were carefully excavated and shipped to the Museum. 

A find of the horned dinosaur, Triceratops, near Camp Crook, 
South Dakota, was next investigated, but the specimen proved to 
be too poorly preserved to warrant removal. The party then pro- 
ceeded to the well-known locality for fossil mammals at Agate 
Springs, Nebraska. 

Jam i«» u. RaroKT or tub « i41 

'>al« nuwle ■ briaf thp U> Um 
« of Dr M. M. 

n in 

ct (Iw marf nuwle. idl of which « 

of aadl Mint tit ril U< . A^xuTiO' WmI inClniCti\-VfM::k» lU 


Vrtnl tmf of foaik fmrn (hmr <<on<>r<*'f hy th4i ( «p(ain 
^««r. pgfcnnj in tjie hknik of 


« Ur c; K \ 
a ta-sa << ijw coMa of &' 

TW ranlU of hM Miidk 

442 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

publication by the Museum. The fossil bird remains collected by 
the second expedition have been placed in the hands of Dr. A. 
Wetmore of the United States National Museum for study and 
description, and a report of his conclusions is expected shortly. 

Dr. James H. C. Martens, the geologist of the First Rawson- 
MacMillan Subarctic Expedition, completed his studies of the series 
of sands which he collected in the regions visited, and his results 
are now in course of publication by the Museum. 

An illustrated lecture on mining in South America was given 
during the summer at the Museum by Associate Curator Nichols 
to members and guests of the local section of the American Institute 
of Mining Engineers. Associate Curator Elmer S. Riggs gave a 
lecture, during the Museum's spring course, on the fossils of the 
Valley of Tarija, Bolivia. 

The Curator and members of the Staff devoted a not inconsider- 
able amount of time to answering inquiries received by letter and 
in visits. Information was furnished in this way to 350 corre- 
spondents and sixty visitors. These requests were largely for identi- 
fication of minerals and fossils, but more general information also 
was often sought. 

Zoology. — The zoological work of the Rawson-MacMillan Sub- 
arctic Expedition of Field Museum was largely devoted to fishes 
and to efforts to obtain exhibition material of the larger mammals, 
such as seals and polar bears. The expedition reached Nain, Lab- 
rador, late in July, 1927, and after a period of unloading, sailed on 
August 9 for a three weeks' stay in Baffin Land, where a circuit of 
Frobisher Bay was made. Opportunities for zoological collecting 
were very limited, and only a few specimens could be collected at 
this time. After returning to the station, near Nain, all hands 
were required for the work of building winter quarters. Freezing 
weather then set in. 

Fishing through the ice was begun in January and carried on 
until about June 1, whenever weather permitted. Nets were set in 
the bay early in June and tended regularly during that and the 
following month. Dredging with a small dredge was done in July 
and August with very satisfactory results. 

L Meanwhile, hunting and trapping for birds and mammals were 
•led on, and much time was devoted to hunting seals, a number 
if which were secured. Polar bears were not found in the vicinity 
of the station, and members of the expedition were not able to secure 


ot lie» AxNt At R0WT arm Dnacm Ui 

WMC OM4UIMU bjT mMin* of wni^n 
I iiMnmc* ^ prafianiUan of • > 

btfvW APttt-- 

in MtfUMre L* 
TW fwult uf lh» ttt CO 
AB llw OMTv canunaa ftrihM wr- 

•ad OHMK of thr rxTT tnwv Tlw 

A fBr«» 
2,400 tfitr U utt m . vM t««Hrv^. tofithir wtc I nuffibar of 

>jk. » of Untr mammal* «tw 

» <^ U> A»t:>tJ<' 

y.ttitn Asia. 


444 Field Museum of Natutral History — Reports, Vol. VII 

added to the list of Benefactors. The first division of this expedition 
is being led by the Roosevelt brothers personally. Accompanying 
them are Mr. Suydam Cutting of New York, who will act as photo- 
grapher, and Mr. Herbert Stevens of London, England, zoological 
collector. These four men expect to work northward near the 
Tibetan border in the provinces of Yunnan and Szechuan in south- 
western China. This is an exceptionally rugged, mountainous 
country in which travel is likely to be slow and laborious. Thence, 
turning southward along the gorges of the Mekong River, the party 
will descend into northern French Indo-China where it will meet 
the second division. This second division has the following personnel : 
Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., of Pride's Crossing, Massachusetts, 
mammalogist and division leader; Dr. Josselyn Van Tyne, of Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, ornithologist; Mr. Russell W. Hendee, of Brook- 
lyn, New York, mammalogist and artist; and Dr. Ralph E. Wheeler, 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, physician and naturalist. This divi- 
sion will work intensively for some months, mainly in the northern 
and western parts of the province of Tonkin in northern French 
Indo-China. Much of this region is wholly unknown zoologically, 
and it is proposed to make a thorough study of its whole vertebrate 

The two divisions of the party, after meeting in central French 
Indo-China, will proceed as a body to the province of Cambodia 
for a collection of large mammals to complete the needs for habitat 
groups in William V. Kelley Hall. The expedition will remain in 
the field during the greater part of 1929. It enjoys the cooperation 
of the Paris Museum of Natural History and the British, French, 
Chinese and Siamese governments. 

The second important zoological expedition which set out in 
1928 is the Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum, sponsored 
and accompanied by Mr. Cornelius Crane, who is a son of Mr. 
Richard T. Crane, Jr., a Trustee and Honorary Member of Field 
Museum. The expedition is traveling on Mr. Crane's brigantine 
auxiliary yacht, the Illyria, recently built and especially fitted with 
laboratory, refrigeration, diving gear, and other equipment for zoo- 
logical collecting. The party is as follows: Assistant Curator Karl 
P. Schmidt, of Field Museum, herpetologist and scientific leader; 
Dr. A. W. Herre, of Stanford University, ichthyologist; Dr. W. L. 
Moss, of Harvard University, physician and; Mr. 
Walter A. Weber, of P^eld Museum, artist and ornithologist; Mr. 
Frank C. Wonder, of Field Museum, taxidermist. Three friends of 










.'4M iae» \nxvM. HMJvmi tr not Da 

arras u^ 

m »ko ammt* 


UMd arf 

»iA:i Iliey wv 


'jounk. of IVmum. 

u^ Mt K IV» 

l>>r f^}««^.U 

.. Itw-. . , u 

• ill bv fr«v'«- ni-'-mir** r*» 

.'. ■ bnr 

H» * 

TSr ^ >nol«cira! •«« b th« HaroM \Vhil»John 

..or Joh: 
•cttom acconpany the ospediuoa. A tiiinJ 

nf Baliimore. abo it » 

o vill male* a ^Mrial 

t ol the npMliiKio M the g«Mr»l »aol<>ti r »l atploratiun 
ih* dMChct of M«ii. ukd oaar Lakot 
jfi vhifli WM nnt resrhM br The 

tt^gkiiiMju, Iranian, *iU bv •uwi-.MOB^aAju from A' J ' ]; » 

: -v,«- I VS.! V 

446 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

ian expedition, has again been most courteous in according privileges 
and facilities for travel. This is deeply appreciated. 

The Department of Zoology had the following publications in 
press at the close of the year, as the result of research conducted 
by members of the Staff: 

Zoological Series, Catalogue of the Birds of the Americas, Part VI, by C. E. 

A Contribution to the Ornithology of Northeastern Brazil, by C. E. Hellmayr. 
Leaflet Series No. 10. The Truth About Snake Stories, by Karl P. Schmidt. 
Leaflet Series No. IL Frogs and Toads of the Chicago Area, by Karl P. 

The Department acknowledges very substantial assistance from 
Volunteer Assistant Charles Westcott, who has been in full time 
attendance, and has catalogued 3,676 birds, read and corrected 
proofs of several lengthy manuscripts, and otherwise aided in carrying 
on the routine of the Department. 

Following the general growth in recent years, the Staff has met 
with a great increase in miscellaneous routine which has made great 
inroads upon the time of every member. The demands from the 
public for information or assistance by letter, by telephone, and in 
person are vastly greater than formerly. Increased activities in 
exhibition work, in the conduct of expeditions, and in relations with 
other Departments of the Museum and with visitors from other 
museums both American and foreign, all combine to keep the Staff 
fully occupied. 

The following list indicates the various expeditions in the field 
during 1928: 

Locality Collectors Material 

KisH, Mesopotamia .... Stephen Langdon Archaeological collections 

(Sixth season) L. C. Watelin 

Henry Field 
T. K. Penniman 
Rene Watelin 

British Honduras J. Eric Thompson Archaeological collections 

(Two expeditions) 

North Arabian 

Desert Henry F^eld Archaeological collections 

Eric Schroeder 

Peru A. Weberbauer Botanical collections 

Panama G Proctor Cooper Botanical collections 

Nicaragua F. C. Englesing Botanical collections 

Newfoundland Sharat K. Roy Paleontological collections 

Abyssinia Captain Harold A. TVTiite Zoological collections 

Major John Coats 
C. J. Albrecht 
George E. Carey, Jr. 


' - - fW ' -•-■■ 



>rv. •loor amount tt> of 

'''<^-' .gtit M Um fMMllt u{ Uj- . ■■■>. 

r-( rvhmm Them mrtt^«»^'t'^> n 

r -• cr" „» ; o.-".* ' '. ■ r w . afgrafkle a toi.. I 

Thr r«.Ji(ri>uo i- u nwl by AaaaUat Curator i^mnf a« aflthro- 

piik«wi ol Uw Rav^ *4iUan SuhurUc Ei;- H 

(aaail»a(«MMSIOo...^ni ^-'^•— ■■ airhaooi.^.. 

<hr» pf — »n -<lay Kaksm' mptamMU. -1 

ob>«rUfran ^, aad aatne uurtjr-bw 
" ' imn iliriilni 

>- -.- Saaolaiial n ■•in xSt m^an two iwrtMi 

rr.;. .• a|«rt m (h» I (lie I^' 

•..'.r-r _'r .. i'f.'T f ..".♦^-f . .' . ■ ■ j« 

: . «^ . .;>.•,..'..■ ««( ehaleadoBy aail m 

448 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. Vll 

ground-stone ulus, or women's knife-blades, are the most interest- 
ing. The second period is that of the earhest Christian missions on 
the coast (about the year 1770). Bone and ivory harpoon-points, 
well carved soapstone dishes and lamps, caribou antler implements, 
and abundant beads or carved ornaments are particularly well 
represented. In addition there are a number of iron tools and 
hunting implements of an early type. 

A small collection of artifacts from the modem Eskimo serves to 
bring this representation of ancient Eskimo life up to the present 
time. The skeletal material from ancient graves will be of great 
value in determining the physical characteristics of the older people 
on the coast, and when compared with the large series of modern 
Eskimo measurements secured by the expedition, will show the 
modifications that have taken place due to hybridization and changed 
conditions of life. 

The collection from the Naskapi Indians illustrates nearly all 
phases of the life of these interesting and primitive American hunters. 
Their clothing is well represented, including their finely painted 
coats and leggings. Naskapi beadwork, which was obtained in con- 
siderable quantities, is remarkable both for its beauty and for the 
unique character of the designs, which seem to be rather different 
from the general type of northeastern Indian art. Wooden bows 
and crossbows, arrows of various types, stabbing spears for killing 
caribou in the water, and fishing implements, all serve to demon- 
strate the manner in which the Indians secure a living in their 
barren environment. The crossbows are of especial interest as not 
being truly native, but as having been copied from European ex- 
amples in colonial times. 

Skin-dressing tools, native types of knives, well-made snowshoes, 
toboggans, games of various sorts, and a large number of drawings 
made by the Naskapi themselves complete the collection. These 
sketches will be of great interest to the student of Indian art, depict- 
ing as they do the life of the people as they themselves see and 
portray it. On the whole this collection, in conjunction with a similar 
collection purchased from Dr. Frank G. Speck of Philadelphia, who 
secured it from the Montagnais of southern Labrador, will give the 
Museum a very representative exhibit of this culture area. 

A small collection of articles of clothing, household utensils, and 
snowshoes from the Penobscot Indians, Maine, who are closely 
related to the Naskapi, was purchased also from Dr. Speck, who 


trnftt-b^ bm >«MU ladttm of 

'H^-*^. W« <H^aJ?><«a lATVucn ^ntfrnaiir 

TW f cP i gt WM olMafawd hr ttM> TsrYaiR Marrfidl V\iM PVit 
A.'<-*-.*«..« . • ■>«Wr U>' 

^Mp at rt— ififiT LuraUir iduuiikiq an: mure cutufithmm\c ii-kn 
umy vw Mftde ir. that cDUBtrr hi oitr traann Tb«y ooomm <•! 

mad tktil LMtps ^mM ot/c^ ' . r« bunad 

la Um to^ of tnnnlML sB<i <■ rrr ^ •^ i .a <-<Jkatary 

oa of the 1 'nr of tha fii.r^i 

of M» load u a «naQ jada BMMi Atumw^ a Maya haad m 

{•Vila pRibabljr vara aa a taaaal anMimnf. Kn i mp lai taara 
I of tmr^piiigt «turh the Maya* warv tn the kJbm of Ihnr mn 
Of . 

ia tba MBUr of tha «ar>plu«k 

Tha a.- ■■ ijro%««'. 

of thcll ,-...._ _. ■...■.-,- .. „_ , 

fram fanhtr aouth. ako «im nre >m Xhe roast «nu 

(amd ia oaa ol tha voti^r cMchf^ 

of tr*a< v»l- -imUt m' <-nl ot a !« ,. 

r ' Maya ct^uitaljun 

^*' • ..>... .)rlion unfor- 

f-sT-^ <-um abuani a 

V tiw virtim u> ba wmfk«d oo 
" " Mom ol 

' . <raa «rr«-l««l to > 

' iltabcT prpf " 

Ahau i 
•pcs^j to r rr/ryar) i ". a c rukj. 

TSc stvlc «y the ffiijhi ii't<akr» to rt-. 

jCMHbljr at IhM ijrxrrtnrtai cr^ 

450 Field Museum of Natoral History— Reports, Vol. VII 

art continued to flourish at its highest level long after signs of deca- 
dence were making their appearance in other cities. There are now 
known to have been a series of cities with dated monuments running 
along the north and south line, which now forms the frontier between 
British Honduras and Guatemala. In the north are situated Cax 
Uinic and Benque Viejo, in the center Hatzcap Ceel, and in the south 
Pusilha, where a series of stelae were discovered during 1927 by a 
Field Museum expedition. 

Through the generosity of Mrs. Chauncey B. Borland of Chicago 
the Museum obtained one of the most remarkable objects received 
this year— a fossil turtle of the Miocene period found in Shen-si 
Province, China. The carapace of the turtle is covered with 
six delicately traced inscriptions revealing the earliest stage of 
Chinese script which is identical with that found on the famous 
oracle bones of Ho-nan. The tortoise, in the estimation of the ancient 
Chinese, was a divine animal endowed with supernatural qualities 
and the gift of predicting the future. At a very remote period the 
shell of the tortoise was one of the chief elements in the art of divin- 
ation. The shell was scorched over a fire, and the cracks thus arising 
yielded a picture foreshadowing future events. The oldest forms 
and examples of Chinese writing are preserved on tortoise-shell 
fragments containing questions addressed to soothsayers and the 
answers given. An examination made of the fossil turtle by Assistant 
Curator Kari P. Schmidt, of the Department of Zoology, showed that 
it represents an unknown species of the genus Testudo. Thus it has 
a bearing on three sciences — paleontology, zoology, and archaeology. 

Important additions were made during the year to the 
Museum's collection of ancient Chinese jades. Mrs. William H. 
■Moore of New York (formeriy of Chicago) contributed twelve 
choice archaic pieces of the Chou and Han periods: an outstanding 
mace of dark gray jade clouded with brown and russet spots and 
decorated with the seven stars of the dipper; a ceremonial axe-head 
of yellow jade engraved alike on both sides with delicate tracings of 
animals and geometric designs; another axe-head of light gray and 
green translucent jade, of very early date; a unique disk of green 
and brown jade decorated on both sides with different designs derived 
from the ornamentation of archaic bronzes; two green jade dragons, 
one from the late Wu Ta-ch'eng's renowned collection; a semicircular 
double dragon; a gray jade carving of a tiger; three jade carvings of 
fishes of naturalistic style, and a very rare spike of brown and yellow 
jade in the form of a pyramid. 

Jam. 1K» Ammiai. Rstokt or vm Duusktuii 461 

Stn* mnmiAMhie (mtm of )ad* w pan of aooOMr r'( nwiwl 
dufiac Ik* ytm. Th»>' loHuift* • macmArcai |ilw|tt» ' ^ • 

( .and buMU and ifiinU d— ifwt: (lirat 

<-^ *A(i 

Dr. AlbioB W cMo pTMHited a blarkwuod aUtuvtltf 

"rar>t««l with crmnai and "lonjiv- 

.^.- . ... „..,. ^jt. 

Tw Kcif^ar. Ian of Caladot^ l«>tIr»-\ nf iht- l>iirt.-.-r>fh .-^nltirv 
mrrr MrL Doug 

■'V- . ,^.c a JapuMae \»m gUuki ui iwm cuiur* ittatW by 

'a «rjnr ■ 
liA'.r _._. ^ 

<r of U< Dr. I. W. Orummood of Sew Vurk 

(.nMfiMart as aiUioi. Uiuotl ta laaihar. coauiaint tvr 

paMOB aiaTti nf Ja|MUMM HPOfd-^uar^tB anil K«iir«t.miHir ■ - .^ 

.and a baul>nut 
""' -' *n-»u» uMx» u: lirf (rtbuutd by 

Mr i "V+irt-ffifWaihlnr ^>«raUarOon 

of ooMur and of KurmuM 

■■■• ant|ui."r.: ; ; ^' : AST 

A — ' - ' f <Jr. <• 

452 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

presented a piece of tapa from Samoa, decorated with geometric 
designs in the center and a vine painted on the border. An extra- 
ordinary drum from the Marquesas Islands was secured through an 
exchange with the American Museum of Natural History, New 
York. The drum is carved out of a tree trunk, and is more than 
seven feet high. Such drums were kept in temples and beaten to 
summon the tribesmen to a religious gathering at which the principal 
ceremony frequently was the offering of human sacrifices to the gods. 
The drummer had to stand on a stone platform about four feet high 
to reach the drum-head, which is made from the tightly stretched 
skin of a giant ray. The skin was beaten with the drummer's 
knuckles. These drums are scarce now; it is believed that not more 
than four are in existence. 

A group of twenty-one valuable objects, chiefly from Polynesia, 
was received as an exchange with the Department of Ceramics 
and Ethnography of the British Museum, London. The collection 
includes some very rare articles made by the ancient Maori of New 
Zealand; a finely carved model of an old type canoe; a wooden 
box, decorated with beautiful carved designs, for preserving 
feathers; a kilt, and three cloaks of so-called New Zealand flax; two 
old wooden clubs from Fiji; a paddle club from the Marquesas; a 
spear-shaped club from the Hervey Islands; samples of tapa from 
Hawaii and Fotuna, and eight stone celts from Ashanti, West Africa. 

The Museum's ethnological collections from Australia have been 
augmented by a welcome gift from Mrs. J. F. Connelly of Perth, 
West Australia, comprising four emu-feather plumes used by the 
aborigines for personal ornament; two bone pins worn through the 
septum of the nose; two bone implements for making fine serrations 
round the edges of stone spear-heads, and a pointing bone. The 
last-named is exceptionally interesting because of its use in magical 
ceremonies. The medicine-man, or any other person wishing to 
injure an enemy, repairs to the bush, taking with him this long 
slender bone. The instrument is held in the direction of the enemy's 
camp, while a curse is uttered. 

A pair of so-called kurdaitcha shoes, purchased from Mrs. 
Connelly, consists of bundles of emu feathers bound with human 
hair. Yet, in spite of their harmless appearance, they were in time 
past part of the medicine-man's equipment when tracking a foe. 
The shoes are the same shape at each end, a fact which may render 
the medicine-man safe from detection. There would be difficulty in 
determining direction from such tracks, and the spoor could not 


[imtmi OF ILUNQIS 




or TWt UUUKTIMI 4:*3 

A gnmi MBwunt al 

^'.r'Jmm l^ngiinn o' The ; 

vanr nKo^^tvttd (nan liw ff-* > eM to frtt . k-( 

of hr^-r rf^'.nmrii ■iih U»f i v \- >t:«f« -t of snd 

4 . 


<— t—fim Armhir thba> >• 
I If Wiliay 300 twmxfa tn wctf ' 

iT>»r» «-. ' •■ .5 u" .-• ", r^ j«rT«ni;r«i u'.c ,^| oaruiii WHJ. 

TNiHaili hniie of tlw old tlajm, mmmrtinf n( s wra; 

I. • .. - > ^ . al cnbftMdflrad «« iViral dt- 

>a nma^^mi mn>i gold tiif«adi^ • ' r.iJJtit'fOWn 

kfjif l't«- 

454 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

shells, and small pebbles. This was excavated in the cave of La 
Souquette near Les Eyzies in the Dordogne region of France. 

The entire range of the paleolithic periods is very well represented 
by the collection of flint implements resulting from this expedition, 
which include a series of fine "laurel-leaf" (Solutrian) blades. Where- 
ever possible, a complete collection of flint and bone implements and 
casts of animal remains found in one limited locality were purchased, 
so as to render the collections of greater scientific value and interest. 
The majority of the rarest prehistoric objects of France are in the 
Mus^e National at St. Germain-en-Laye near Paris; casts of most 
of these were purchased. Further, casts of all the remains of paleolithic 
man found throughout the world were obtained through Damon and 
Company in London and Dr. F. Ki-antz of Bonn, Germany. A set 
of casts of a frieze of animals found at Le Roc in the Charente by 
Dr. Henri Martin of Paris was also acquired. 

Exchanges made during the year with the Logan Museum, Beloit, 
Wisconsin, and Mr. Harry G. Beasley of London, England, have 
resulted in the acquisition of two small but valuable collections from 

The ethnological objects received from the Logan Museum were 
collected by Professor George L. Collie and his staff in southern 
Algeria and the Hoggar Mountains, a somewhat inaccessible region 
in the northern Sahara. This collection of sixty-eight objects 
relates to the culture of the Tuaregs, a tribe engaged chiefly in 
breeding camels and carrying on the caravan trade of the Sahara. 
In this collection the most valuable object is a large shield of oryx 
hide, ornamented with ancient and intricate designs. Several locks 
of brass and wood are of a pattern traceable to ancient Egypt. 
Baskets of the coiled type, richly ornamented leather goods, and a 
pottery drum are welcome acquisitions. A small group of personal 
ornaments includes a stone armlet of ancient pattern, valuable alike 
for its antiquity and excellent workmanship. 

From the collections of Mr. Beasley, Field Museum acquired a 
set of 122 small brass weights from Ashanti on the west coast of 
Africa. These were used in time past for weighing gold dust in the 
presence of the king. They are cast by the lost-wax process, and 
their forms are interesting in relation to the plant and animal life 
of the country. Other objects of interest in this collection are a 
well-carved wooden mask from the Yoruba and a peculiar human 
fetish figure from Gaboon near the mouth of the Congo. From the 

J4» lte» AMNiuL Rararr or - « < 

>• bjr tint thbr 

Vb <— ^fc*''^- «ith Ihe RhodMUU) Miuvum. 
' "w aeqiMiUoa td bum la-* ■ 

-^ croup rvtjmmU' tiaUoan 



on f«««jrxj irvm South Aloe*, arr ■ 

■MM aad Kaflr <rv tn f< u d>«l to i-^t* r*"*' 
wv okl. ud ar^ far n? 

fran rv vv.;tu i...^ it. 

kvtof * 

' I •.., T..wn 

... of 


It ii 


la vMv or " 

fwMb al llw Taptata ManlMO r.r»-.t TTii»>iitkm m ' 

456 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

from the Barotse tribe. It includes baskets, wood-carvings, weapons, 
pottery, musical instruments, and a good series of fur cloaks made 
from the skins of various animals, previously lacking in the Museum. 
Five of these robes have been placed on exhibition. Seven Zulu 
tobacco-pipes of types not previously in the Museum were given 
by Dr. Ralph Linton. 

In addition to the material accessioned last year, about 1,500 
objects from the Bara, Tanala, Betsileo, and Imerina tribes of 
Madagascar were received this year from the Captain Marshall 
Field Expedition to Madagascar in charge of Dr. Linton. Especially 
noteworthy are fine wood carvings and brass castings from the Bara 
and an unusually complete Tanala collection illustrating practically 
all known types of artifacts produced by this tribe. Three large 
iron lamps, one of these the property of the last Betsileo king; a 
ceremonial axe, emblem of royalty among the Betsileo; two royal 
robes of silk heavily beaded, the only ones which have ever left 
the island; about fifty other robes of wild silk and cotton, and four 
magnificent carved panels are the outstanding features of the 
Betsileo collection. The Imerina material consists of a number 
of fine blankets of domestic silk and a huge blanket of wild silk 
woven by an Imerina princess to be used as her shroud, one of the 
best examples of Imerina weaving extant. Most of this Imerina 
material has been placed on exhibition. 

Botany. — The number of specimens received by the Depart- 
ment of Botany in 1928 was 21,864, an increase of 6,946 over the 
specimens reported for 1927. The number of accessions was 241. 
Of the specimens mentioned, 1,930 were additions to the economic 
collections, consisting in large part of wood samples. The remainder, 
amounting to 19,934 specimens, were herbarium specimens. 

Of the herbarium specimens, 2,900 were presented by friends of 
the Museum; 11,155 were received in exchange from various institu- 
tions and individuals; 3,900 were purchased, and nearly 2,000 were 
acquired as the result of Museum expeditions. 

Professor Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Tech- 
nology for the Museum, and professor at the Yale School of Forestry, 
has continued to contribute herbarium material of tropical American 
timber trees, and during 1928 forwarded 371 specimens, chiefly from 
Central America. Particularly worthy of mention among these was 
a collection made on the east coast of Nicaragua by Mr. F. C. 
Englesing, of the Bragmans Bluff Lumber Company, which has 

;«.H \9T9 ^^^^ aL HKftWtt Of TUB DOaCTOB 467 

pfv^wA of •(MTul intcv«*( h«rauM> tt mnuiiwrl nuaorou* v^**:^ 


Mr L R TalMfi. of lb* lUtooM NkturaJ Hictory Sun-vjr. L'rt.. >. 
litk<.«». (<fw.- '.o: Kt3 apacimaBK, oh* anu. ^Yum 

..eebB of Rivmwiv. iiiiixH. i ' trti ■( Hiiw 

Mtti Mktt fkmatr of CnMrn Puint. ,-<^ - 

' Afv pUnU ol dw l>uiMa mCKM) u( 1.aIw and IViriM' 

»• Umib • rarr vanrf > uf iwtcr and • iww 

..»r;r«^-f riiji»:ia»..i A» a gtU (ram Dr. 

:>)rr of Uw 1 .'V tun* t^trtment of 

» of Uttk Pferii. 
arpbavry *»•! 
lb !.< 

4 fimBH» tf^otn \i ■ ■■■'» 

J «_ - «» ... .^ f, ••-•'■"' ••••(. .rf«« of 

;«W at ZatIUMW.' r-r-r 

4 . ^ ^i hII 

458 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

which is almost unknown botanically. Mr. Charles F. Henderson 
of Berkeley, California, presented an interesting series of fifty-seven 
plants, mostly from Mexico. These were collected as the host-plants 
of insects under study by the donor, and include several rare members 
of the pigweed family. 

As a contribution to the little-known flora of British Honduras 
it was particularly gratifying to receive from Dr. J. S. Karling of 
Honey Camp, Orange Walk, British Honduras, seventy-six speci- 
mens collected in the northern part of the colony. Mr. C. R. Lundell, 
of the Institute for Plant Research in Tropical America, Washington, 
D. C, forwarded 144 specimens from the same country, among 
them numerous latex-yielding plants. Dr. Salvador Calderon, of 
the Laboratories of the Department of Agriculture of Salvador, 
presented 110 specimens of Salvadorean plants, several of which 
were additions to the flora of that republic as published a few years 
ago by Dr. Calderon and Associate Curator Standley. 

Professor L. A. Kenoyer of Kalamazoo, Michigan, sent to the 
Museum thirty-five specimens and photographs of plants of Barro 
Colorado Island, Canal Zone, for use in the preparation of a second 
list of the plants of this island by Professor Kenoyer and Associate 
Curator Standley, which is being published by Field Museum. 
Eight specimens of rare plants were received from Mr. James 
Zetek of Ancon, Canal Zone. The Department of Agriculture of 
Guatemala presented twenty-eight specimens of plants from the 
high mountains of that country. Mr. C. H. Lankester sent from 
Costa Rica eleven specimens of mosses, which have been determined 
through the courtesy of Mr. Edwin B. Bartram of Bushkill, Penn- 

From Peru were received collections which will be useful for 
the flora of that country now being written by Assistant Curator 
J. Francis Macbride. Professor Fortunato L. Herrera, of Cuzco, 
Peru, well-known student of the Peruvian flora, presented 126 
specimens from the wet tropical mountains, for use in the prepara- 
tion of this work, and Mr. Oscar Haught of Negritos, Peru, gave 
forty-four interesting plants from the arid region of that locality. 
Both of these collections are particularly welcome because they 
come from localities not represented otherwise in the Museum's 
Peruvian herbarium. 

Dr. Earl E. Sherff, of Chicago, as in previous years, has donated 
to the Herbarium valuable material, and in the past year contri- 
buted eighty-five sheets, mostly species of Bidens, a group of Com- 


anm i^i r. 




tomit i 


Mu«r-^rr. rvtce of Um lal« liarry N. 

«ja |{«rl>ftnuin wt-i^h mu jwrnutred bv the N^ - '^iU* 

ACu Mr I'. 

tiiilinmt. and ti« tvcnajjiiifiiU 

t*ifi a Lir**- a'T.->^r.t r>f histar. 


iy> Th» ic 
oT I* 
at Uvfj^rhl A: 

''•^ con- 

whfrr. in 
\tnn tot 

am a imtft 
^"'-^ larfwt 

tKwn indKaUil in i( by^ 

\}f \^ I :iMTr, 1 TT «xh*r f«: i rTN»T««^ j 'tuvv* 

460 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, there was 
received in exchange an exceptionally valuable set of Colombian 
plants — 647 specimens — collected many years ago by F. C. Lehmann. 
This collection, along with other recent ones, has added to the 
Herbarium many South American species not represented previously. 

The California Academy of Sciences, through Miss Alice East- 
wood, forwarded as an exchange a desirable lot of 415 specimens, 
mostly from Lower California. The Gray Herbarium, of Harvard 
University, through Dr. B. L. Robinson, Director, with customary 
generosity, transmitted 659 plants, nearly all from Europe. Brother 
Marie- Victorin, of Montreal, in continuation of former sendings, 
forwarded eighty-six specimens collected by himself in the still little- 
known districts of eastern Canada. 

From the Universitetets Botaniske Museum of Copenhagen, 
through Dr. Carl Christensen, there was received a particularly 
valuable series of 276 specimens, consisting of plants collected in 
Venezuela by Eggers and Warming, and of the classic collections 
obtained nearly one hundred years ago in Mexico and Central 
America by Liebmann and Oersted, among them a quantity of 
invaluable type material. From the Hungarian National Museum 
were received in exchange one hundred specimens, beautifully pre- 
pared and informatively labeled, of the exsiccatae issued by that 
institution to illustrate the flora of Hungary. The Botanic Station 
of Brignoles, France, sent ten specimens and packets of seeds. The 
latter have been transmitted by Field Museum to the Morton 
Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois, for propagation. 

The Museum has been able to secure by purchase several im- 
portant and extremely useful plant collections from tropical America, 
and these, together with others obtained by gift and exchange, have 
made a very large contribution to the representation of tropical 
American flora in the Herbarium. 

Among the more important purchases were 298 plants collected 
in Argentina by Mr. S. Venturi, of Tucuman, Argentina, among 
which are many species new to the Herbarium. One of the most 
successful collectors of South America, Dr. Otto Buchtien, of La 
Paz, Bolivia, collected 300 specimens in Bolivia which have added 
appreciably to the Museum's extensive representation of the Bolivian 
flora. Another Bolivian collection purchased consisted of 300 plants 
collected in the Province of Santa Cruz by Mr. Jose Steinbach of 
Buenavista, Bolivia. Coming from a province previously unexplored. 


Of («£ 

' 14'. 

. -^_ it 

tlMVr 4 

floAarlx* in fanair f^at%. > 

Of oatnatwl. : 'oac ih» ■rcwinni «m • c(> 

tV i fw r u aww of Mnkan plaata, rMei\-«d from Mr*. Ydm 
«f flba rtTMKMm. T n the R 

irf liliwn in calitJM 

nBartor. The coUactMMi vm uubmI ehirfly b> 
Siaadlay. aad •■> fboad to cor ' 
k> wrfi w buImiaI of wotuy plutfB vt- 

T;.' •urefaMad SSS plafiu cattt< r^ 

J Kj«viA.-r i«' San"'- ^^ xiriiuictoB- ^^.' iiu* 

fwruoa of tKt> wfaiiv oiiiote have fou^' \jiMr- 

. --. Kcrtar ■!» cauartMM) Mp« ' 'tw in 

u>r lUrtdtf^u". e r»it aari a i at ihe W(».i ii -t«1 in 
larf* part by Um fiaid worli ol th« Uu> I>r 

Tlw rtulad State* iM-tKMi al \he lirriAnuin mtm ittipruvtsl bjr 

Um MlditMa of 360 |Jaau filhcred in I'm^ Mbcrt 

Umk. of Fort Wortii. T«cm, by 3W irl.- - •^•o 

from Mr J \V Tliami^ i; 

yVwallrrfiwCfl > ' -- ■• • 'v*—! 

HW«» itxrWiM^xM ttM r dfl af mifem) 

K.4V - 

462 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Mr. G. Proctor Cooper, of the Captain Marshall Field Expedi- 
tion to Panama, 1928, collected about 1,100 specimens of Panama 
plants, which are described more fully in preceding pages. Besides 
the set of these plants deposited in the Museum Herbarium there 
remains a quantity of duplicates for distribution to other institutions. 

During the past year Mr. C. S. Sewall and Assistant Curator 
A. C. Weed, of the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of 
Field Museum, obtained 678 specimens of plants, mostly from 
Labrador. This collection, supplemented by an equally large number 
obtained in 1926 and 1927, gives to the Herbarium a substantial 
representation from this region. 

It is gratifying to note the interest evinced by the lumber and 
wood-working industries, as well as by various individuals and 
other institutions, in the wood collections of the Museum, as evi- 
denced by the substantial donations of valuable specimens during 
the year. 

The Yale University School of Forestry donated a collection con- 
sisting of 1,600 authentically identified hand-specimens of tropical 
woods which augments the reference collection considerably. The 
Museum reciprocated by sending exchange shipments for study and 
other purposes. 

The Government Forest Service of Burma, India, forwarded a 
shipment composed of 178 identified wood samples of that country. 

The Jacob Bayer Lumber Company of New York City donated 
a board of black cherry. 

Samples of the well-known koa wood, in addition to the wooden 
parts of a ukelele and a finished instrument, were presented by the 
Hawaiian Mahogany Company of Hawaii. 

Twenty-nine boards and planks of important commercial woods 
from various tropical countries were presented by the C. H. Pearson 
and Son Hardwood Company, New York City, to be placed on 

A collection composed of 260 hand-specimens of tropical woods 
was secured from the Panama region by Mr. G. Proctor Cooper, 
who undertook the exploration of certain districts of that area in 
cooperation with the Museum. In addition, a log of the rare and 
highly-colored "bloodwood cacique" was obtained for exhibition 

A board of Honduras rosewood was received from J. C. Deagan, 
Incorporated, Chicago, manufacturers of chimes and xylophones. 

»M. ISO >iiMv*i. RiroKT or tmb Daafu--"- 4a 

TW rniud Fhrft Cam«ny of Baaus danattrt » board of iteaar 

«!'.>. '..'x- Vt*. :k-. r ... I|wnmtl *A Urn U^tm th^imili^Hf <'■' 'wr wi*|«r 

Mr W K HMjrfa of Hichknl PaHr. IIHm^. wi A>*--ta(« 
'rRib«r otf tfar MuMPum. agua den-. r?T«'. in the 

ud km of thr 

-. .. .^ 

•jT tiMVOOd 

Tfci* nakTiir^iir r.'r- 

';^ >;.v 




-1 ol Gu 

. appav- 


with ihw UUs. uftr 

c<' .d Mr Huroo H Smith o' 

: :^ uatii at • lecumiaottt ' -aaeani amarrt 

•ami** '"e f—dtrtml pufpoHt . Amoncm. «aj! 

IVvvH of I'tefw. Ltavw and Conpuiy. LMr^ 

A (aXtf* baUM oMida el l i g Mii 'Wlaa tram Paaaina wa« rcmxipii 
fraai Mr. Tboonc C Sothrrfsnd. rhirasn 

TW AnriMni < ^(«d 

■oad tpt xm mmt td 1 < • »• 

Um cDurusj ' ' ^ ""^ ^ 

r. of C*1ueafo. rat. 
Cbib awl Hta:. 

SpactBMa* of ' "d a w m-urvO !>^« '.i.c Muaniin 

br Mc««« M. R. i ., Baefcar u^ « f-.^^-' »--i ;i*^~rt.'.«l 

H f ^ i J*fn AuBiMi 4- Hat 

464 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

The tree producing this beautiful pinkish wood is Rhamnus 
Zeyheri Sond., of the Buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), and grows 
in scrub forests or hot thorn-veld valleys in Zululand and neigh- 
boring regions. Ordinarily, it does not exceed twenty feet in height, 
and has a slender trunk that rarely attains one foot in diameter. 
The Kaffir name for the wood is "umini," while the Zulus refer to 
it as "umgoloti." 

Because of its scarcity and color, the wood has been highly 
prized by the Zulus, and under the old tribal custom, still prevailing 
in the interior districts, the trees were not allowed to be cut. As a 
symbol of regal authority only the head of the royal house was 
entitled to carry a stick of "umgoloti," and infringement of this 
peculiar privilege was punishable by death. History recites that 
the Zulu king, Dingaan, who was vanquished by the Boers, invar- 
iably carried a spear of pink ivory. After his defeat he was put to 
death with this weapon, at his own request, by his henchmen. 

Through the courtesy of Mr. 0. F. Phillips of the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, United States Department of Agriculture, 
a tray of standard barley grains for the United States was supplied 
for the grain exhibit in Hall 25. The tray includes four samples of 
two-rowed barley — Hannah, Haunchen, Swanhalz and Chevalier; 
and eleven samples of six-rowed barley — Manchuria, Oderbrucker, 
Tenessee winter, Horsford and Gataui which are eastern grown, 
and Coast, Utah winter, Mariout, Trebi, Nepal and Black hull-less, 
all of which are grown in the west. It also contains a display of the 
defects of barley which are of importance as grading factors, such as 
damaged grains, heat-damaged grains, skinned grains, smut, soil, 
brome grass, other foreign material and dockage. 

Some additions were made to the exhibits of edible oils, edible 
nuts and dried fruits in Hall 25 by purchase in the local market 
of fresh specimens of melon seed, a source of edible oil in some parts 
of the world, and of pistachio and cashew nuts and of litchi 

Tubers of the elephant ear were presented by Vaughan's Seed 
Store of Chicago for use in the exhibit of starchy tubers and starches, 
and some of the starchy tubers commonly grown in the West Indies, 
such as yams, tannias and eddois, were supplied by Acting Curator 
B. E. Dahlgren. 

The New York Cocoa Exchange donated samples of the follow- 
ing eight varieties of cacao beans, including the most important 
commercial beans: Accra from British West Africa; Sanchez from 

Jul ltt» AsotVAX. RcKMrr or vm 

Vu DuMiimMiiUp|wN>i .llrBniilifrrmi H— "^ *^--' '^' -«• 

(rmb D«iu« Ottttia. and ranrtjot (rcMB htOMBA. VaMBMU. Iruudttd. 
Md lUhi*. Hnuil 

T««etv >;f^ sr-wicd iyi dH »m> «i <«• •«>« i » i— o f d to Ik* 
Mujiimi :i^ flna of WMumy. larar> 

iMVVk. CdSiCE. pioji-;;'. »r>ii f-> 
iliS IrT'PfnrfTjfto of U* !**!'*-' 
yarr ^ tM ^ 

by • f°r'^t-^ of ciMMrr. inniiu:!! -• 
Of the inxr tras rf rHna !S««p a- 

Ctykm. ladt» Md Jmra m «vU M of • 
folVmi&c gnwlo* iMfbc -^MMliac ark 

p*4a». pdn*. ^«ik>jr ■oudtoog. bfua.^-^) ^' 

^ o(hv tfi^t^w ir plutt malmal rcvantly obuincd are 

Mviy iMud prodttrts teivod from earn -\-«riou« fibm iMad 

10 tmatf HoCibUM a**'' "•'"• r'^fTi'ariufy- Thfla0 werp pprrtvro u 
fifUbvmihumuiU (*■ Crane and! 

of DytoA. MaMK-huMKU. ^«M«>t«l bk« >i<adiiWM of pafMT : 
lbH« ripk ra« lir-^ ''*-« for paper ot*»"'3^fura, half-«tor>. 
p«l into tW bai' AS unflnkl» lihed dtnei of bank- 

wuc pApar Vtot It and C<Mbt*wi>' of BoaUM. It a w n 

a«u. thrr^ - "- '> ^lariaMaa Oluatntini? th« maatifac • 

of ipnv^ / our daiiy nrv» Tha Mhaa 

-naldnc UBbteaciml ^ 
'.^ iKo fiapar ma^hir 

Tb* Amwaa Wniu>t t*afMv 'ii«^ 'u 

, j^ciH tlw follamr . » 

t. I > • » boa olold 

<.^' t>~a'.' » >Br of BMr 

466 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

from them, as follows: rope as received at the paper mill, rope cut 
and dusted, rope cooked, rope half-stock unbleached, rope half-stock 
bleached, jute bagging as received at the paper mill, jute cut and 
dusted, jute cooked, jute half-stock bleached, cables insulated with 
rope paper, insulating paper used for winding on wire, and samples 
of rag and jute papers. 

At times the Department of Botany is asked to analyze samples 
of paper textiles. This has been done during the past year for the 
Department of Anthropology and the Division of Printing of the 
Museum. It is of great value on such occasions to have for com- 
parison not only authentic fiber specimens and paper made from 
various kinds of authentic materials, but also slides and photo-micro- 
graphs of the various fibers of commerce. Nine photo-micrographs 
were received through the courtesy of the United States Bureau of 
Standards of Washington as follows: wood fiber of Douglas spruce 
{Pseudotsuga taxifoUa), linen fiber {Linuni usitatissimum), cotton 
fiber (Gossypium sp.), jute fiber {Corchorus capsularis), hemp fiber 
(Cannabis saliva), sweet gum fiber (Ldquidambar shjraciflua), paper 
mulberry fiber (Broussonetia papyrifera), aspen wood fiber (Populus 
tremuloides) , and rice straw fiber {Oryza saliva). Thirty microscope 
slides of commercial fibers, mounted by Mr. Edwin Sutermeister 
of Westbrook, Maine, were acquired by purchase, namely: pineapple 
(Ananas saliva), oat straw (Avena saliva), bamboo stalks (Bambusa 
arundinacea), pita (Agave sp.), ramie (Boehmeria nivea). New Zealand 
flax (Phormium tenax), bowstring hemp (Sansevieria guineensis), 
hemp grown in Russia (Cannabis saliva), hemp grown in the United 
States (Cannabis saliva), corn stalk complete (Zea Mays), sugar 
cane bagasse (Saccharum officinarum), linen (Ldnum usitatissimum), 
raffia (Raphia ruff a), two slides of silver leaf poplar (Populus 
alba), sisal (Agave sisalana), jute (Corchorus capsularis), manila 
hemp (Miisa lextilis), paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera), 
esparto grass (Stipa tenacissima), rice straw (Oryza saliva), cotton 
fiber mercerized without tension (Gossypium sp.), cotton fiber 
(Gossypium sp.), banana fiber from stalk (Musa sapientum), aspen 
wood fiber (Populus Iremuloides) , red oak wood fiber (Quercus, sp.) 
basswood fiber (Tilia americana), Douglas spruce wood fiber 
(Pseudotsuga taxifolia), and lodgepole pinewood fiber (Pinus 

Dr. Salvador Calderon of San Salvador sent to the Museum a 
sample of the fiber of the palma de sombrero (Inodes sp.) of his 

itjk. iscry 

>.< r- t-r or TMt DtsnrTaa M7 

;«r of YaW t't-.i^mM(> <laA«i«d 

A M^ moor c< tnr ni«rr 

Dwtat «hr — — »' 
pmdtarU vrrr 

fvemitmei IiNw 

,• 9'*<ri»l«» t .w,-ii fit— - 

«• hr»r. .kahol. » 

•kobol. bw'. 'on* m»: 

■r «>^i »*- iac..»^.- — • — 

««■(• produru nay bt put 

SPkIbMM of finiit of irmr-pttir /\i>, ..l^ 
\*if»4fi ^ikf.&f.k 'AfkjKi ki> »f-fT NT^ .-i-: ' . 

cjj.juf-d br ii>» R«««o«> 

br Dr. M. A Ho»e of the New York 

far iMMani iMm and for publi 

■KVTid bjr porrliaw. many ociian m gifiA. 

Thnmch ihr 

MMad ..otoffr*' 

Ctthir»(Mic Aiid pr*f>v«uoa of 

if iddilMMMl corn 

n imwi al SolvvBta 



) amtk i>f (hp 

■•'■•< .■•i«r 



li *'; A ij^'i'i 



• -^ 

« in 
.rtnwot of 


PbUBM of Ihr 

m by i ••o 

1 Th« iVfikrtjnent of GaoloKy i«niv«d duhag Um 
Mf\«nty ft\e <; idlviduab aad iMUtii- 


f^.. !•. 'l r»-, 


468 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

late husband, numbers 3,240 specimens, representing more than 
four hundred mineral species and varieties, or most of the important 
species in the entire range of minerals. Mr. Higginson's interest 
in minerals was aroused in early life through his studies under 
the elder Agassiz, and collecting was continued by him and Mrs. 
Higginson during the remainder of his life. Having been gathered 
during a long period, the collection contains many specimens from 
localities now exhausted. Minerals from these older localities were 
sometimes given names differing from those now in use, and the 
specimens from these localities now serve as paratypes of these 
varieties. All the specimens, when received, were carefully labeled 
as to species and localities. While many of the specimens are not of 
large size, there are plenty suitable to make a good display for 
exhibition. Suites of especial importance are those of tourmalines 
from Pierrepont, New York, pjTOxenes from St. Lawrence County, 
New York; the series of micas and hydromicas, beryls and many 
other silicates from New England localities now exhausted, and 
specimens of gold from twenty localities, chiefly in California. 

Mr. William J. Chalmers generously continued his interest in 
the collection of crystallized minerals, and presented to it forty-three 
choice specimens. These included excellent specimens of South 
African dioptase and cerussite, rare crystals of pyrrhotite and 
realgar from Roumania, and many specimens from European local- 
ities which had been held in early collections and had just become 
available. Mr. Chalmers also contributed a brilliant specimen of 
precious opal to the gem collection, and an interesting series of 
photographs, made many years ago, illustrating mining and other 
activities in Japan. 

Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., made some notable contributions to the 
gem collections in Harlow N. Higinbotham Hall. Foremost among 
these is a carving of rose quartz in the form of a large bowl, eighteen 
inches in diameter and six inches in height, wrought from a single 
piece of the mineral of gem quality. The walls of the bowl are cut 
to such thinness (less than one-half of an inch) that they display 
to a marked degree the rare tints and opalescence of the mineral. 
Three emeralds, having a total weight of twenty-six carats, cut from 
gems obtained at Bom Jesus dos Meiras, Bahia, Brazil, were also 
included in Mr. Crane's contribution. These give an excellent 
representation of the cut emeralds of this locality, from which four 
large crystals had been collected by the Curator in 1923. A dish of 
vesuvianite of the variety known as California jade, carved by an 


I'tJiyififilTY Of lUINOIS 

KM. ifS9 \%sy u. RjtrosT or vm Dm Mi 

\ r- ;^ f a^l*. an .had 

.'(utti If^.>>. JUT oOmt - ^untn- 



t • double ran ~kA. and 

.4h found m iUjiMriUt, fVwls, ami twwf d 

t ne. 


ert**-', "jc ■..■ r ■■«. > n'«««jr '" 


Mid M of a u^ ft f ! the tt> panmt r 
<■! atmiy >ov«d « 

l« fitr roRtfltlflBMa of Uw rct>r«ar 
Or. I' -^Um of Maduan. \' 

ml tubu or vaUr iB|iplur« 

ttJ and a nrt H:rri«.# ♦nTfr 


Ma 0ft 

470 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Eleven specimens of potash salts from Texas and New Mexico, 
which were presented by the United States Geological Survey- 
through Director George 0. Smith, are of importance as indicating 
possible resources of potash of unusual value in the United States. 

A number of valuable specimens of minerals and fossils were 
received by exchange. Prom the Eastern Washington Public 
Museum at Spokane, Washington, through Mr. C. 0. Fernquist 
of that museum, there were received, by exchange, twenty-five 
specimens of the interesting hyalite, opal, sphaerosiderite, et cetera, 
that are obtained from cavities in the volcanic rocks about Spokane, 
and are peculiar to that region. The fossils comprise chiefly well- 
preserved leaves and other plant remains of the Miocene age, which 
also occur in the Spokane region. Both the fossils and the minerals 
when received, had all been carefully identified, prepared and 

From Professor H. H. Nininger there was received, by exchange, 
a full-sized section, weighing seventy grams, of the Ballinger, Texas, 
iron meteorite, and a full-sized section, weighing 886 grams, of the 
Mount Tabby, Duchesne County, Utah, iron meteorite. The latter 
is remarkable for the unusual beauty of its etching figures and for 
its content of nodules of an anomalous iron sulphide. 

Exchange with the Paterson Museum of Paterson, New Jersey, 
through Mr. James F. Morton, Curator of that museum, added to 
the collection in Field Museum fourteen specimens of the minerals 
which occur in the trap rocks about Paterson. Several of these 
specimens are of large size and showy aspect. 

A fairly complete skeleton of Oreodon from Nebraska, and a 
good skull and jaws of Poebrotherium from Wyoming, were obtained 
by exchange with the University of Chicago. They give the Museum 
a more complete representation of these fossil mammals than had 
been possessed before. 

An important addition by purchase was an exceedingly well- 
prepared slab from the fossil beds at Holzmaden, Wiirttemberg, 
showing a complete skeleton of the crocodile-like animal, Steneo- 
saurus. This slab is two by eight feet in size, and shows practically 
all parts of the skeleton, preserved in a natural manner. The animal 
was a crocodile-like reptile characterized by a long, slender head 
with numerous teeth, and having numerous, bony, deeply pitted 
plates covering part of the body. 

Two iron meteorites were added to the meteorite collection 
by purchase. The largest of these came from Gladstone, Queensland, 


J«.s . 471 

iIh. bo tar m iuiawn. 

tr*. OQt uuritvr 

471: I' 

•4, b> ri J»d by ; 

.nt M ■ ipncunao of 

■«B Sot. ntrt in 

. dibdaf, tram < ' r 
TW iuinlinw ol rapuks »^ 

c«^ M 1. 

472 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Oklahoma frogs from Miss E. R. Force, of Tulsa, Oklahoma; seven- 
teen German reptiles from Mr. C. F. Gronemann, of Elgin, Illinois, 
and 176 specimens from Wisconsin collected and presented by Mr. 
F. J. W. Schmidt, of Stanley, Wisconsin. 

No extensive gifts of fishes were received, but two especially 
fine specimens of North American species were presented. These 
were a large lake trout from Mr. E. C. Vacin of Chicago, and a 
specimen of the inconnu, Stenodus mackenzii, from the Booth Fish- 
eries Company of Chicago. 

The number of insects accessioned was 2,853 of which 2,173 were 
presented by Associate Curator W. J. Gerhard, being specimens 
collected over a number of years during vacation periods in Illinois 
and Indiana. Certain large and desirable insects to the number of 
fifty -four were received as a gift from Seilor E. Jacy Monteira, 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Local insects donated include ninety-eight 
specimens from Mr. Bryan Patterson, Chicago, and fifty-two from 
Mr. A. B. Wolcott of Downer's Grove, Illinois. 

The most extensive zoological accessions of the year were those 
received from the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of 
Field Museum, which added 4,433 specimens to the collections. 
Of these, 2,711 are insects and other invertebrates, while 1,500 are 
fishes with which are important and valuable colored sketches made 
from fresh or living material. Mammals to the number of 118 were 
obtained, and eighty-eight birds and eggs, collections in these groups 
being relatively small, owing to very unfavorable conditions. 


Anthropology. — The number of accessions in the Department 
of Anthropology during the year was fifty-one of which thirty-two 
have been entered. Eight accessions from previous years were also 

The work of cataloguing has been continued as usual during 
the current year, the number of catalogue cards prepared totaling 
5,825. The total number of catalogue cards entered from the opening 
of the first volume is 181,159. 

The 5,825 cards written during 1928 for accessions received 
during the year or in previous years are distributed geographically 
as follows: North American archaeology and ethnology, 93; Mexican, 
Central and South American archaeology and ethnology, 641; 

a. Kisruci ur Tt«i lMKt>-n« 473 

' Ml 

. •-W<y. 4U. 

of Twklf - -^ ■■ in lh« 

Miv«etcr-> -a Ak» 

MTwr rmru* (tft^ivt^ tar mcnmmant r«rM\-«(l prv^iuuB to 

A UKal ol MM< btirii (or uw -&«« wrrr iimiarHl 

Mid iitfci'wl dunac th* y«ar. Thaw Ubc4* w <: •*•: 

»' ' '~^ •(lu»ta|jro( Afrv*. 1..14. 

MOOT of lfal«)-ma. 3.026. v 
M«uoD sttd M«> a*. 77; IhlwIoQ' of South Ajncnra, 160, vthnotocy 
of tiM r'MJiHii, 1«&. ■itilMoicp of ('tuna and Tibri. 14M. Khoolaor 
«rf MalMMM.& 

To Uh* Unft—it'a alboBM 1.607 phoUigrapha wtrr added 

botaKT Dunac tht >'«Br •ntnc* iiukIv in the catalogue of the 
HeriMniHB amounted to 9.8Zli. bnn(tn< the total mounteii thcvta 

fwv vntten for about 13.000 ^l(lrttnen• of Mondurwi 
for mnrr^ t^oueand rurrmt aoccMBon*. and for du(>l)ral(« 
Ijr for dMtnbutio.- 
Afl the wood aoplfr _'^_.. ^ coilertion. numbering 

'to 7.000 apeeMMMCV^ : arranged in a •ystnnaUc 

f^m. •• oallHwd in laei year • Report, ilua eaabtw any particular 
mnrntrn to be knled with eaar 
Vvr the Haaaftirl ukdex of the ■ p a c i m e m in the eeoiMMnir coUar- 
Ooa* aewal thrmeand new card* wrv vniteo and fUed A large 
part of the OMlenai la the e wawaii t r nofenmcr and etorage coUer- 
htlharlo wiaatiiUrf oely bjr aumber* trivmng lu a i-rt— oo 
eotrtt*. ha* baen euffphed «ri(h »}««rutM« labrik and haa 
baM card iiwleterf dunag the year - - -.-^ 

aflD asfl aae oeea ^^a^TW] on aJfnuttt 

by Ai»- > H MrNair and Mr 1 

cottertioaa M ao* pr*. .. u . • 

an oevkriy arraagatMal ol the eioragr <nin a finding 

u> Biaianal arhtcii eaaaoc be fttad •« ^iw tim^mmtm 
IkKTifiiiva labeb a)«>v anillaa for aH aaar in<aHlfciiii in the 
halla. D t^auM thowuig thaattral cawnwtion, aad 

474 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VI 1 

maps showing distribution were prepared for various economic 

The filing, as a card index, of the labels in the exhibition halls 
has been continued. 

Several thousand index cards to agricultural literature have been 
received from the Institut Colonial de Marseille. These have been 
classified and filed. 

Geology. — The total number of specimens catalogued during 
the year was 4,575, making a total of 184,472 now recorded. Of 
the additions, the largest number were from the mineral collection 
presented by Mrs. Charles M. Higginson, which amounted to 3,240 
specimens. Other additions of some magnitude were 384 specimens 
of fossil vertebrates and invertebrates from the collections of the 
Captain Marshall Field Paleontological Expeditions to South 
America; 241 specimens of Illinois fossil plants, invertebrates et 
cetera, presented by Mr. Bryan Patterson; 215 specimens of crys- 
tallized minerals and photographs presented by Mr. W. J. Chalmers ; 
118 specimens and photographs presented by Dr. 0. C. Farrington, 
and 72 specimens of minerals and fossils received by exchange from 
the Eastern Washington Public Museum. 

Some special exhibits and series were provided with labels of 
the latest type during the year. These included the exhibit of 
Baffin Land and Newfoundland fossils and minerals in Stanley 
Field Hall, and in Ernest R. Graham Hall seven of the Knight 
murals; a case of mounted tablets of invertebrate fossils, and a case 
each of fossil sponges, Jurassic invertebrates, Jurassic ammonites, 
fossil crinoids andmo dels of dinosaurs, Miocene horses and rhinoc- 
eroses, and Minooka (Illinois) Mastodons. Typewritten labels 
have been provided in Graham Hall for a case each of South 
American fossils, Mongolian fossils and fossil fishes. In Hall 36 the 
case of pigments has been supplied with typewritten descriptive 

Copy for a total of 3,979 labels was sent to the printer during 
the year; 704 printed labels were received. Typewritten labels for 
exhibited series made during the year numbered 379. Tjrpewritten 
labels of the style used in the study collections were also made for 
all the specimens of the Charles M. Higginson mineral collection. 

For Ernest R. Graham Hall, copy was prepared which indicates 
the place on the geological scale of the specimens contained in each 
case. These labels include lists of the characteristic fossils of the 

Jam. If0 Ammval Raatamt or not I 47S 

m^ i i t W J •P!iM»vtM<Mw n i %i rmm m imd, uti the («(n>.K« to vtttdi Um 
mmmam ■•■■• of Um fomu rrftf^aMitcd w 

M«Q!^i>f <^ | i^wHuti »t« >* *< fwinu in ihm D«|Mniii«n( • albuiiM 

'« )p«ar. Mtd » tuul of 760 

■.hm pm 3«nt wt 

had b«Mi ■wrtwl durmc Um !r««r 

Zoc<x« Y K«vv^1a/ rtiirx* in the aooiofinl mulofuM wt 
B-.*iir <<«aMiw. ThM»«««di»' am- 

Hflik^ i.»t*.'. ijtrvi*, 4/BSi ripllMik IvBi Mt*!*^'"'". •». ••»■«- — . 

8|pKiHMM of fTB— "'-*■ were numlMrHl m ralakcued. and 
\t uMnini Ubc4» «TW «n((«« Aivl attJK^Md to :^»1 tkttu and 300 
MulW T>>r >. .' 46;i mjunmali were numbarad. Spertal Ubeb 

K*tT b««^ : - • "Kr s'.-rr-* »V.!-i« of laff* mammak. and ih* 

' f tlMBV la(|p fc*in« aiUCll. WlU'i a iri* owirr rn.j^icm. add* " - 

utIwpMrrifaldaioftktBUUiimaleoUartian A coiuid«rabl< 
ol fuxSr lafaaia Ium bem plared on the drawvn of the new >u>nM{r 
raMB lor mammmh and birda. 

0«4i« tn t^^ khaam of AaaaUnt Curator Alfred ( \S («d in 
Iht ftrid. t,u nf «ra* done Ifl the Dl^iaion ot ^^ah«a. TUr 

[ ut u« UjvMob of lUptila is amiiy abranat o( the am»- 

u bu (ax««4al etfart WM madt tiMrt aad only 198 enlriaa apfwar 

t ^ ««w prvfMrad and inctaltod a* folkiw*. nuun 

e.*-. - ■ . ': •'<-', '■'^ *^.ftihea.62. ' eihibition labeU. 

1b l>» l>r-.^" Himt, IJSM print* wwrw 

BMHlBtMl dunt>C Itir )«fe/ 

7W <al# a* the rata^oifuai at the and of the year u a* fu4lo« 


476 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

on the ground floor. In accordance with this plan all efforts during 
the first part of the year were bent toward completing this task 
with the best possible results. 

A total of sixty-five exhibition cases, including three life-size 
groups, were installed during the year, located as follows: 

Egypt (Hall J) 6 

Africa (Hall D) 2 

Madagascar (Hall E) 25 

Polynesia (Hall F) 1 

Malaysia (Hall G) 2 

Stanley Field Hall 7 

Mexico (Hall 8) 11 

South America (Ha'l 9) 8 

Tibet (Hall 32) 2 

China (Hall 24) 1 

Total 65 

Hall J, devoted to the archaeology of Egypt, has been completely 
reorganized. Previously Egyptian mummies had been exhibited 
individually in nineteen special cases which varied considerably in 
size and hardly permitted a detailed study. These old cases have 
been discarded, and the mummies and coffins have been aligned in 
a consecutive chronological order in two built-in cases extending 
119 feet along the north wall of the hall. Walking along this case 
from west to east, the visitor is able to study himian mummification 
and burial in Egypt through a period of 2,500 years, as the coffins 
on exhibition range in date from the tenth dynasty at about 2300 
B.C. to the Roman period of A.D. 200. Encased top-lights make for 
an even diffusion of light, and variety of exhibits is insured partially 
by the use of slanting bases, and partially by placing mummy 
covers with carved portraits erect. Coptic fabrics from graves of 
early post-Christian centuries hang on the wall as a background, 
and painted linen shrouds from mummies occupy the end walls. A 
facsimile of the funerary papyrus of Ani is shown in the upper 
compartment of this case. A built-in case along the east wall of the 
hall, sixty-three feet in length, contains tomb-sculptures and frescoes 
in chronological arrangement, running north to south from the third 
to the nineteenth dynasty (thirtieth to thirteenth century B.C.). 
The compartment above this case contains plaster casts of important 
tomb and temple sculptures, the originals of which are still in place 
in Egypt. 

A reproduction of the famous Rosetta stone is shown in an 
illuminated wall-case. Six X-ray pictures, made in the Museum's 




m UliSAKt 



Jam XTT* \»»Hi At Ki-ruftT or TUB 

lAvMoB U K<.««i««-»»u«i . of wuHitiif la lb* caUarUoB. - 

mm. Mm mkihna>i AltuiAinc^tM ■• fM(laag.afiih»aouu,«T«'. 
ti lb* IhI b IHi^ («^<r • JMf*^' tiplM* C4i|>c*<* raimvtiu in 

lh« toaw nonpftrtinmi. and part* of gMnMrnU. '■■ and 

on* Tb» ila(iH«ti of Siniui. u'ic tamad 

la lb* laaiM' of tlw I (>n ■ «r 

aan vaB two cama voooto baicuo^ inieu tnmx > *^^\j ajt vcu 

vowB DjT cwwaHH wactnc HiJitiii^ 

Tbr nwtlallaUae of tikr .n caUactiooM anil b* rantmuad 

•»-4'. ■.-•• r .i^ r • 'T^ . . r' -m. In inr pervxl <ro -jr 

to Jonr (d tiu» jT«r Uw nniuiu m ibaM caMa a^^ y 

labalad. aikd 110 pbotagrapba and wairr-etAor* «w> ^o 
rMM wrr iinunad in addiUoo to t 

\- '. _i' V.t-.'r- T^e ^ -~ ■ ruuit ' i 

f f" '4UM •». ' • 

-ta'-. rrxMjn, Wart •»- 

f'x^^ r* ..:-- 'Se houm *•' in 

form. »'.•• and ■« 

bad lav 


M caoranwd. m - cam 

\ donaf tbf ^k* <*f 

tba Zaloi of Soutb i and 


Tbr arrmafHTMnt of the thirty -art m Afntma aibibitMin caam la 
HaO D M ramad out oe an r** • - :•"•••«• ••'^•sl baM*. The araB 
vbtcb M beat rrt'vactttad m th- and ««hihiU fram 

Ibai rrcwa dMMva oa Ibe north «U <ov«r abnort ona- 

laJf oflbaaallra caOacUoa. It .- of tV.. k«ti .... «? r»n 

t<u (>><- bal ibova «bat portiana %d -viitmm. 

•aiuUiA Tbara are ams'' '— '^— '^- uago Nt 

Zaloa ol 8aitb Af rva. b <laay. 1 

of iba SoHMba b ilJMitfalni m («ar ommk. t-i .a 

two rMai danlajriBf '''^ t^.^ >•. caatbifi >» <■'''" . . _cy 

Tba aab %all tar: «• of 

478 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

West African life in Cameroon, and material from Togoland, the 
French Sudan, Angola, the Congo, and other parts of Africa. 

During the year the collections obtained by the Captain Marshall 
Field Expedition to Madagascar of 1926-27 were installed in twenty- 
five cases in the eastern half of Hall E. The native cultures fall into 
three groups, and this arrangement has been followed in the instal- 
lation of the hall. Material from the Plateau tribes is shown on the 
south side of the hall. These tribes — Imerina, Betsileo, Sihanaka, 
and Tanala — resemble the Malays in physical type and to a lesser 
degree, in culture. Their arts and industries are well developed. 
The collections include a great variety of textiles woven from silk 
of the domesticated silkworm, wild silk, cotton, hemp, raffia, bast 
and banana fiber. Except in the Imerina tribe, the designs are 
simple stripes, but show a fine sense for color. Fine mats from the 
Sihanaka tribe, steatite lamps of the Imerina, ornamental iron lamps 
of the Betsileo tribe, pottery, and a series of wood carvings are also 
shown. Attention should be drawn to the oil and water-color 
paintings made by native artists after European models. The 
Plateau tribes had no pictorial art of any sort prior to their contact 
with Europeans. 

Material from the tribes of the southeast coast of Madagascar 
is displayed on the north side of the hall. The tribes of that region 
are more negroid than the Plateau people. They are, for the most 
part, ignorant of both weaving and pottery. They dress in flexible 
mats, and a series of these mat costumes, showing the various types, 
occupies one case. A single tribe, the Betsimisaraka, weave raffia 
cloths, examples of which are displayed. 

The culture of the tribes of the west coast and south of the island 
is shown in five cases in the northeast corner of the hall. These 
people are negroid in type and are moderately advanced in all the 
arts, but their work exhibits strong African affinities. They have 
also been considerably influenced by Arabs, and certain Sakalava 
groups are Mohammedans. 

The tribes of the south — Antandroy, Mahafaly and Bara — are 
represented by small general collections illustrating their arts and 
industries. Their wood carvings and weapons merit special mention. 

The Sakalava of the west coast are more fully represented, the 
exhibits including implements, weapons, jewelry, matting, baskets, 
and textiles. A fine collection of gold and silver jewelry shown in one 
case is believed to be the best in existence. The figured raffia cloths 
displayed in another case are the only ones of their sort in any 

JAA ly^ ass: 4.. - (« Tiu: I>t&iui-ni> 4W 

Btaau.' fkHtcna ar* pradund bjr 

' — " *«» Thu M • 

trwB iBv iBMn ( out 

TSe •nj«i«Uati<rf a Is-:*- •' - -vi-. - - • r.-,^BUi«,i 

iKr rvUMUUMMS of • r. 

!• Dtemthm • bf«-«a0 Agur* et a fMrgn* u> (^ at^ o^ maloi^ 

6rv >M UMttlad W Oftr .'A 

!ar ULia fTtiMr M in '^'' -,ih 

Uw .\rtfcur it J^rw.- 23 Tlw figur* 

*w nu iAriii l b^ ' ' r DvpaitJBMU. 

■• avidd Tht 6(urv rr, ly 

•r.^M tnJMlNTim the y o( 

a ?«ii;? ■. ' , about four f«H « 

rr- '.Im <ia«p jttBgl* aad -' 

(vk^. '..-._>-• wtw hat'v a tupn,^ 
b«( 4»| J — >d cMi ramr aitd (artHl {jit ■ 
to omIw ftr< -pill a I 

itUlp bMHC - - - ahar - 

Up. and M hcM upnsf.' 
boUom of tlwol^ar half td Uw 

«**'■* '**■ 'ywf^ — "^ '"»-^ ^'"ftT .... fc. 

!>>^i xttd fortii arr !vit<d aK-ttun u! ti 

tike Itfkikr 

la tlw fumpuuttd a( tlM caM the pygmta*' tn<Alr uf rooking u 
rfkoar- T>i«^ Kill.! iK*»f firv b>f w «i thrt* H'jcv^ -• * m thry ara 
ur~i Lbry avail thcvnarlvt* t>' i ^ iu oota 

M OBttkMt- '• *atrr ' ':• 

■Mat Of rou'^ .. ••' " •» xt 

\hm vatOT u brou(t)t to . it 

It la : ^tMi* t/ *>1UU)4 a r«tir^ 

iTv *> jJly all <rf the eit.ftiiT^ n Ha!! C (Artluir B. Jomm 

( • arw n- 1 A buUt-IQ CM* 

Mttnm tr.uMcaJ uu»run>«-r.!8 '• ■ ■ ' * 

tW afminiMiniinanl ol i'..; -a) («v1ormaAom 

480 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Hall H, containing a total of thirty-five cases representing the 
ethnology of the Philippines, was thoroughly rearranged. The 
groups are now assembled along the south side, and other exhibits 
occupy the north side of the hall. 

Two special cases with framework of bronze were constructed 
in the south corners of Stanley Field Hall. Each of them contains 
two large ceremonial feather masks from Hansa Bay, northern 
New Guinea. Two of the masks are nineteen and two are fourteen 
feet in height. They are placed on life-size casts of figures, modeled 
in the Department. The masks were formerly shown without these 
casts in Joseph N. Field Hall. 

Exhibits in a case in Stanley Field Hall, which previously 
contained selected material from Madagascar, were changed twice 
during the year. The first exhibit consisted of three bamboo screens 
or blinds secured by Curator Laufer on the Captain Marshall Field 
Expedition to China in 1923. These blinds were made exclusively 
for the doors of the palaces of the Manchu emperors in the eighteenth 
century, are exceedingly rare, and are unique in their technique. 
They are composed of thin bamboo rods, chiefly of the spotted 
bamboo, carefully matched as to color, and tied together. Pictures 
are formed by strips of silk of various colors skillfully wrapped 
around each single rod, and are identical on both sides. 

This exhibit was changed in October to make room for a display 
of some choice Chinese fabrics, also obtained by Dr. Laufer on the 
Captain Marshall Field Expedition to China in 1923. A set of 
three is shown — a table-hanging and two chair-covers which were 
used in the palaces of the Manchu emperors for the decoration of 
tables and chairs on ceremonial occasions, especially on New Year's 
day. They are a marvelous combination of tapestry weave in exqui- 
site colors with gold brocade. These tapestries were manufactured 
for the imperial court in the K'ang-hi period (1662-1722). An 
elegantly decorated roll of purple satin brocade, nearly fourteen feet 
long, wrought in gold threads, likewise made for the palace in Peking, 
is shown. A green cut velvet panel of the K'ien-lung period (1736- 
95), and one in red velvet containing figures of the god of longevity 
and the Eight Immortals are in the same case. 

In December the Eskimo collection presented by Mr. John 
Borden, and temporarily shown in Stanley Field Hall, was replaced 
with a representative series of selected objects secured by Assistant 
Curator William D. Strong from the Naskapi Indians of north- 
eastern Labrador during the operations of the Rawson-MacMillan 

Jax. iie» ammul Rira«T or vm Drnvram mi 

»» J mvitm iMMMinc nuDp* wr 

pwrarr «^*»«»w» of nbrtcrf •«»!#«»! Hr>wt#*«f >• 

'a bni 

of tfarw pcncKU. • i« 1 

and corml. The «BiiM»t j- t 

bowk, tiw Itti ul 
of • voawB* brwMti l^>> 
« found in • w«U ranatrurrtMi > a . 
ta tlM caMar of m mtmui, and ountainc-l a •na!! K^ 
a«bot. Uihcr pucur)' vtaMi* exhibdni v 
abov* tb* odtcr, and 
to bum ru(u 

ifar r^Ai'. ■'■ ''r - _'jg 

••- . : . un t'jc ' j;'.Ain 

and BOW tnsulk«l in 
KimI ILO, . b wan pUr«d 

In a vavu and br4« ._ __ . , ^ .e bi41-«hajj«^ 

ro««r M Mnaob- '- o( a Kawk aith ouUtjr«aMJ vint** 

Ok llw long ryUftilrkcal acc^ 'Taentcd in b>(h n^trf (he aun 

■jraihaftaad by iba tbma-fouu . ._ rn. ai-! t*.f- !!:..>!i *\mtiuUa^ 
bjr tba baiv pounding drugi tn a tnurULf i. draitua. 

•nd inrtoH* «wiN— d vtth anaka art am>ikma>*f uI Uac lour 
tava, and tw«i^*- <>^Wnak arrangad in a ctrrla art ifiTrfMin) to 
war (ba (•' nak that fonn a tyxie at r^u% An 

litMf id Ihtt \mmiti ^-raduall). u. -^ .4 

kuitatrval* iJ \-rmnk, nnnw <' '• '^ ^'-'^■<' <^>'^ ''.a' r r^''.h. 

'bna^ttt ,««a(l bontwlit 
u. i«*< iMv» yaflow ai«>i 

Oaa of tba in«l «aynpb« •> >AaU dMb 

tn t* 

wbirb ar« taawtoi •..-..•r. "j uy lau-»^— •■•. -/a 

la tbw •£ .m al hmuUtvl 

482 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

the Chinese potters took their models from nature. In white and 
greenish glazes they strove to emulate the colors of jade, as testified 
by the seal on a bluish gray porcelain bowl, which reads "resembling 
jade." A tea-pot, a tea-cup, and a bowl of Temmoku ware, decorated 
with a dark brown glaze interspersed with irregular yellow speckles 
in imitation of tortoise-shell, are other features of the exhibit. In- 
cluded also are many exquisite and rare Temmoku bowls, white 
and light green bowls of Ting-yao and Yin-ts'ing types, hard and 
soft Chiin-yao, and two unusual pillows of Ts'e-chou porcelain. 

In A.D. 1108 the town Kii-lu in the southern part of Chi-li Pro- 
vince was submerged by a flood. Excavations made in recent years 
on the site of this town have brought to light quantities of pottery 
and furnitiu'e. One of these jars, shown in this same case (there are 
many others in the Museum's collections), has an over-glaze deco- 
ration in brown of floral designs arranged in medallions, and is 
provided with an inscription which yields the date A.D. 1107. The 
interesting point is that this vessel was made one year prior to the 
destruction of the town by the flood, and that it is one of the few 
dated pieces of Sung ceramics. 

Eleven reinstalled cases representing the archaeology and eth- 
nology of Mexico and Central America were placed in Hall 8. A 
remarkable collection of serapes from northern Mexico, previously 
presented by Messrs. Martin A. Ryerson and Homer E. Sargent, 
was reinstalled in a very effective manner. Other cases comprise 
Mexican pottery of the Aztec period; painted and incised pottery 
as well as large stone sculptures from the Valley of Mexico; the 
culture of the Toltecs and Tlaxcaltecs distinguished by fine neck- 
laces, clay figurines, and masks of obsidian and onyx; and the 
archaeology of Mexico in the states of Guerrero and Oaxaca, as 
well as the archaeology of Panama. 

One case of material never shown before, comprising gold and 
copper ornaments, necklaces, and ceremonial stone implements 
obtained by Dr. J. Alden Mason on the Captain Marshall Field 
Expedition to Colombia of 1922-23, has been added to Hall 9, which 
is devoted to the archaeology and ethnology of South America. 
Seven reinstalled cases in this hall contain the following: clothing 
and hunting implements of the tribes of the Orinoco Basin in 
Venezuela and Colombia; objects representing the domestic, reli- 
gious, and ceremonial life of the tribes of the Northwest Amazon 
Basin; clothing and weapons of eastern or Amazonian Peru; dress 

«. m Anmial KsroBT or nm Donrma 

of lb* 

•uBtd Attd t^:^ •flSS Mauna . UIhb ia China 

^ nuMfUlW' <r. TVr ' • Vlattrhu wMcnaa 

of Ub* I.- - 'oUw . - .1 . 

> aAriMrtty a^^ « al ■ ' 

4fUfT «nta tAe [Mdum- >«r} 

vNll ftir* c^. . ; ■ - :ind «lk Ao«t^ 

rair>6bv bat* bcva addad to oat tg. 

I ymr. wm v*>- '-• «>uU 

ol Umthm Appm* dt€' w^ <iet . -rad* oo 

rad v«lvv( (ran Aaaaiii, i^r- 
addad 10 a diifkl- 
raoiaiaiac modih of pafoaaiw tha black faaclcgrouBd ium 
kaa^Hl to a mrma of kght color. 
A lolal of mnxy-— « 'W> caaai ««r« complMd)' labeled during 
ltd far. All caMB la the balk on tbe grouBd (kxir w«rv r . 
ffoaa o«w bdorr iba opaning of tbaar balU, and tb« rxmuu 
rMrraafid or put ia onkr 

la tbe carpeoti7 mtruau at tbe Depaitmeat tweoty-four 

irtaaw (or wbihittan CMM ««• eoBacnMiad. flva otd 

r^bcT* &Ad «M Mnn iidividaBi dirivaB ««« made, la addition. 

c» tar labek aad 164 p tec a * of beavcrbaaH for covcnof 

Uc t--"-''TW d caMt WOT* rat. and tw«aC)r<llva woodao ba«a» mm 

T«paaty-t«o pirtunv framai ««r» made for ( hirMM- anJ 'IitjrLan 
f«MMiap^ aad forly-aaven of tbaar «rOT«- jad«' gJaai A' total 

el Ml plkatogr»>>K» mapa, and larg* dc<- , r labtia tMra (nuned 
far vm m n> ^aaa. Su tare* trall-mapa were hunt in tbe 

halt OB tba cTDuad fluor. 

|B|gtMja0 Ivsv papt*'-*^*^^ nrKnn in> mvvw miKt« fof (be diiplay 

Matcrul : 

cviadMiaa linpfw^ - 

a* u».. • la eirv <4i 

484 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

The work of arranging ancient Egyptian and Coptic textiles and 
mounting them on linen for better preservation has been continued 
throughout the year. Five large portfolios of beaverboard were made 
for the safekeeping of the mounted fabrics. 

In the modeling section of the Department, four life-size casts for 
the New Guinea dance-masks were completed. Head and hands were 
modeled and cast for the figure of a Manchu woman from Peking. 
A life-size figure of a Semang pygmy making fire was completed. 
The life-size figure of a Dyak head-hunter has been modeled 
in clay to be cast in the near future. Several miniature figures 
were modeled for the Menangkabau village group. Maya casts in 
Hall 8 were repaired and retouched. Forty Egyptian and 
Mesopotamian bronzes were treated by means of the electro- 
chemical process. 

In the repair section of the Department six hundred objects 
were treated, repaired or restored as follows: 113 pieces of Mexican, 
Maya, Peruvian and Colombian pottery, stone work, and gold; one 
wooden Japanese statuette; twenty-six Chinese paintings, pottery 
pieces, silver and stone objects; twenty-seven Tibetan paintings and 
painted wooden panels; one wooden cup from Formosa; sixteen 
musical instruments from Java, and one from Hawaii ; four strings of 
Melanesian shell-money; 171 fabrics, sixty-five alabasters, ten 
pottery jars, five mummies, and three frescoes from Egypt; eleven 
pieces of pottery from Kish; fifty-one stone implements and one 
necklace of the French paleolithicon; eighty-five objects from Mada- 
gascar, and twenty African wood carvings. The incised lines in the 
cast of the Rosetta stone from Egypt were whitened to render the 
inscription clearer and more legible. 

The books of the Department Library were vacuum cleaned and 

Botany — So much time was spent during the year in preparation 
for an ecological group of alpine vegetation, and on restoration of 
fossil plants for the Carboniferous Forest group, the latter of which 
is to be a feature of the rearranged Ernest R. Graham Hall in the 
Department of Geology, that the output of the Stanley Field Plant 
Reproduction Laboratories for the Hall of Plant Life was greatly 

The most notable addition to the exhibits in the Hall of Plant 
Life was the reproduction of a cassava plant completed early in the 
year from material secured by the Marshall Field Brazilian Expedi- 



Ammval KanwT or nm. Douktm 4M 

UoaoflVSi THr rMwi\a f^a-'. wwtaMalad viUlllMoliMr nutanal 
•«i •fl of «n MtequAl* nwruwn • ^a 

of Uw Umiljr 

IB • ft 

IB lU fr*..'....^ k'.AtT ! . -. a 

hrmariMB. itt ft^'mm •' '.'.r Ma a. ^, , 

hnnrfaw. r^rr rr\r;. 'Nr Irutrhai mmI ih* (runk- Th* 

iv^arii vtMrk kM bMB Mki< ^a obUuMd bjr Um 

. ..•*.► \t>.'«>Mdl PWId Br> 1*»3C Kv tM of 

M BwwWt. a* w«U M > aad 

la Uw Md h«\c Ijr 

»U&Wr l^tM PUb'. <u 

Par tlw «»1- .M IKK bem repr»> 

M Ite HaU a( llael Uie. A : in( randi 

m eaOartad Mar Cbka«o wid ■ . .>lnitin'- 

tl» fHMTfcJ rfjwun of lU group. It has bern iimuIM. (• . 

'*. wood Aftd other dry pUnt maunat xji lU 
!Ul ilM aak». 

A ttfrnnrb of (■«ntri.' A'rrrsTir mih>va-v th*^ wx-alUd HoadurM 
> .L' v^ «4tttli • in appMrsikcv 

(n«a uw mmD ' iSUijr. »•• o^ 

TVtMdad Th» farvarh ha* bc»« rvt'^^*'^ "^ "^ 

HtA&V^ K^cid MaJI. AOd for t -wnt m^ 

HaUo< Kotmb %k< 

lor A MBttll taoiparwy cuutai 
M» » dM Hal of Pkf> 
tlw gMMral rIkArwur of Uw « <«^ 

486 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

they were collected. They include the Rocky Mountain aster 
(Erigeron uniflorus), which resembles strongly the common English 
daisy, the yellow avens {Geum turbinatum) with buttercup-like flowers 
and rosettes of much divided leaves, the yellow alpine ragwort 
(Senecio Fremontii), a sedge {Carex sp.), and the bistort {Polygonum 
bistortoides), a characteristic alpine plant of the dock family. 

Among exhibits under way for the Hall of Plant Life may be 
mentioned a flowering and fruiting plant of the so-called Panama hat 
palm which, in spite of its name and its palm-like leaves, is not a 
palm, although it belongs to an allied family. 

The reorganization of the storage collections of economic material, 
and the new record system which has finally been carried to comple- 
tion during the year, has made it possible to locate and add some 
desirable material to the existing installations. The case of true 
peppers, for which the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories 
furnished the model of the pepper vine as related in last year's 
Report, has thus been completed as far as the Museum's material 

New labels have been placed in Hall 29 as well as in the palm 
collection and among the food products in Hall 25. 

An attractive case containing panels of rare and fancy woods 
from remote parts of the world was placed on exhibition in Stanley 
Field Hall. The exhibit, which proved of considerable interest to 
both the public and lumbermen, comprises woods which, due to their 
valuable qualities such as density, color and figure, are now gaining 
favor with the American wood-working industries and are being 
used extensively for various purposes. For example, there is padouk, 
one of the woods represented in the case, which possesses a brilliant 
red color and is used mainly for the manufacture of furniture. 
Another is the well-known commercial wood, lignum-vitae, which is 
renowned for its great strength and density. These properties, com- 
bined with its self-lubricating properties, make it especially adapted 
for bearings under water. It is used for making bushing-blocks for 
lining the stern tubes of propeller shafts of steamships. Another 
kind shown is Honduras rosewood, which is used for making the bars 
of percussion instruments, xylophones and marimbas, for which 
purpose it is particularly fitted because of its density and resonance. 

The project of reinstalling the wood exhibits in the Hall of 
North American Woods has been started with the rearrangement 
of the case allocated to the pignut hickory. The substitution of a 

« U7 

Uw miptrt WKM of A» 

ta lUQ :& niubiu of m«4* of th* btaa Caaily. wiibb fi 
''•Bik coia*. laa. k«rlr>. and fOiblt mtU •«« iaaUltod. la 

Ik* coaTaBtKMAl botaiucsl ardir ^-^^ t>«-r. f.JVMBi*! m tti* 
of aaHi ptMip. ThM makr <- 

la boUBjr aliidaBU. «lw ted produrto of ihm «mwm* f<:*&l f i niil> ai 

Im«« b«Mi choM C in arrard^ 

aoC cooiptUMl to r»r« s -~»' s»»» .^, . - 

Th* nhtbit of ««ltbl* Mad* of lb* bwn (amUy compruM n» 

luiinn aMd* la tin .?» cede* -^•)<* 

rvprMmutJvai of mn* al ihm \mm n \ggutnm. mvm 

Ua^ af lopttMa (ram ftnt and ' tuirvpeaa wcchat; Huck 

r«»^ •.. t-iTaa a wly UMd for f»- .ropa and Latin America: 

aoy bMUHk. bm» baam; and tw«fity-«»v«n kinds of 
Ul£^ U»aa, molly (ram Maiiro and South AoMnca. wfaart thay 
(ara^ oaa eltlw (ood aiaiilm. 

nuiMM (camrn fdibW \^<er'.abW oib haw bf<m plarMt on nhtht- 
UoB. ta^hcr • «tr lourr* ir •» 

a&d lfv.^aa boUar tiaa. 

•• amay rammcmal *anrtHa «# «w#w frowm »» u 
'« tiMV* haw bwe plarcd un • 

aad ftf- 

ihamn '■ hern " *^ 

aa M » ctAAced by ih» ~* '^ 

iratttm 'tar martt *-^ !- 

amar or "•Jtcn^o;. cw.. 

Mcli wSrtr •nturcrf rapot 

ImIm, : '•mm. Ilnuil. bottna. hmt, *■ «*« Htcm. J*- 

488 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

and Mexico. The adulterants include as diverse articles as peas, 
chicorj-, malted barley, wheat, dried primes, soy beans, dandelion 
root, and rice. 

From 316 specimens of tea available in the Museum's collections 
thirtj'-three have been chosen for exhibition. They include repre- 
sentatives of the various grades of tea from Japan, Formosa, China, 
South Carolina, Ceylon, Jamaica, India and Java. There are shown 
also brick tea from China and "soluble tea" from Ceylon. The 
tea exhibit is iUiistrated by eight photographs showing methods of 
cultivation and preparation for market in Ceylon, India, and China. 

A collection of forty-four of the chief edible nuts of the world 
has been placed on exhibition. Of these twenty-four are from the 
eastern and twenty from the western hemisphere. Among the 
former are displayed coconuts, French chestnuts, almonds, pistachio 
nuts, longan nuts, litchis, Indian almonds, and English, Chinese, 
and Japanese walnuts. The American nuts illustrated include 
pinyon nuts, black and California walnuts, hickory nuts, pecans, 
chestnuts, acorns, peanuts, cashew nuts, and Brazil nuts. 

Through the courtesy of Mr. 0. F. Phillips of the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, United States Department of Agriculture, 
Field Museum has added a traj^ of barley standards to its exhibit 
of types illustrating common varieties of grains and grading factors 
of the official grain standards of the United States. 

In 1928 label copy was written for all new exhibits, 244 labels 
being required for their explanation. 

During the year twenty-five large photographs, representing 
various economic botanical subjects, have been installed in Hall 
25. The enlargements were furnished by the Museiun's Division of 
Photography, and the original prints or negatives were obtained 
from various sources. These illustrations portray phases of the 
industries connected with coffee, tea, spices, root crops, sugar, and 
fruit marketing. 

It is a great satisfaction to observe the rapid increase in si2e 
and scientific value of the Herbarium. It is composed of more than 
580,000 sheets, besides a large reserve of probably 100,000 un- 
mounted specimens, mostly from the Old World, which are awaiting 

The plant moimter prepared for insertion in the Herbarium, 
by gluing and strapping, 12,330 specimens, a substantial increase 
over the number moimted in 1927. He also attended to the fumiga- 

Ja* ixs iw TUB DtBarrm i<« 

• • »•-»-' •»*■• ' 

lo Um pcmiihrrr «;.m» 
^ et BUY DM fokkr-.. 
IB ovtAUi graufm. 
Work oC ihe (vnlarxx. »'i.'! .^ '.i.>'»-! ;..-•.. 
!"»-*' >* ■^.'.mvd rtemvv' .'.ic .'oc »i^> t>) ^... 

4a M owur- Jmv propar placflB. ^ 

•Ad earT«rtu*g wroocly aaoMd abcco 
ll«tan«Bi eMM. IV- - -<- •f Um wpwiiTinut naciko 

paaoMMk. It u now pr» .« 

'tmntun the- Kun> -<i. 

. ..uo. all spvnmm* jr 

r uar of mtnban of the Si.. .o 

MB tor atudy purpni Dup t . 1- 

• — ~— - 'Kr HorbBhum <^ lO 

.^ herbanutn in • 
' <T Umb 10.000 ' •hcdft. moatJy (ron CcotraJ and 

souLD AflMncB • !i dunnc the yw. UtiM 

■'« courw of the dictn- 
of Umm pUnU tiiroufh tbr Hertmnuin huodrBds of ifeaMJ 
th* aamai of odMT app ^1 

whkh had awaitad t ^ ^nt 

(Ir !. at Uaat in part, and pUc«d in tha Hertwiam. 

tar) auj taa uaful for ttudy purpoHa- In « 

of tha iaraa of the Wcac ladiai. Maikn. and > h 

AokMva the 11' eomparai (a^orahiy with tha aihtr lart* 

hartana la tha Laual^' araaa. audi aa Yi 

aMi INm« tha Mimmhb * lualad Mannwra 

;t A Urpr ;iart <>? '..'.r • -Tr ' ••r - .i • .' ■, ■ r I v^ tart 
the )ear, fctu be«« af.'j'.c: '.j rit-a .'-» . ^' - -i-> J 
-<<aHatMW of cMBb The Latter wurk ha* Um v 
of ealer of hadtyviia^ vhich hm nara— tHwl V 
af all tha ipanaaaa ia aach caaa aad tK«f<fT>€«' 
of faMi^pwtada araa nanptrtari 
lahaaa lakaa to add ■ 
tha eaaaa, a^aiwar tha wtarwt »'- ! 
thaa UBprovad Tharaugh citm.' »m aad 

490 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

sashes and other wood of the cases has been carried out in con- 
nection with this work. In Ernest R. Graham Hall and in Hall 
36, nearly all the cases, and in Hall 34 and Clarence Buckingham 
Hall, a large number, were reinstalled in this manner during the year. 

In Stanley Field Hall one case was installed; in Harlow N. 
Higinbotham Hall, one; in Systematic Minerals (Hall 34), fourteen 
cases; in Clarence Buckingham Hall, four; in Petroleums, Clays ei. 
cetera (Hall 36), thirty-six, and in Ernest R. Graham Hall, forty- 
three, making a total of ninety-nine cases. 

In Stanley Field Hall an exhibit of some of the fossils, ores and 
other geological specimens collected by Assistant Curator Roy in 
Baffin Land and Newfoundland while with the Rawson-MacMillan 
Subarctic Expedition of 1927-28 was installed in a single case. 
From Baffin Land are shown in this case, thirty-nine specimens of 
fossils of Ordovician age and seven specimens of igneous rocks; 
from Newfoundland, thirty-six specimens, mostly trilobites, of fossils 
of Cambrian age, and twenty-five specimens of ores and minerals. 
Several colored photographs of scenes in Baffin Land and outline 
maps showing routes followed are included in this exhibit. 

The exhibit of ores and minerals of South America collected by 
Associate Curator Nichols as a member of the Captain Marshall 
Field Expedition of 1926, which had been pre\aously exhibited in 
Stanley Field Hall, was removed and distributed among the syste- 
matic mineral and ore series in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall and Hall 34. 

In Harlow N. Higinbotham Hall the beautiful rose quartz bowl 
contributed by Mr. R. T. Crane, Jr., was installed in the case of 
quartzes, and the cut emeralds, agate and vesu\'ianite which he 
presented were installed in their respective groups. Specimens pre- 
sented by other donors during the year were also added to the 
exhibits in this hall. In order to give a more orderly arrangement, 
the exhibit of miscellaneous gems in the hall was exchanged in 
position with part of the exhibit illustrating folk-lore of gems. 
Thorough cleaning of the cases was carried out in connection with 
these changes. 

In Hall 34 the work of changing backgrounds and reinstallation 
begun last year was continued and the work completed during the 
year for fourteen cases. These included two cases of the Chalmers 
crj^stal collection and twelve cases of large mineral specimens. The 
improvement in the attractiveness and visibility of the exhibits, as 
as well as in the general appearance of the hall, brought about by 

Jas 1SC9 



thoar rhAr.j(«» ta marktvl. mtti hj. 

half of m emm < 

Mimbar of nwnn<m» lr\jai Uic : 

Ctiarim M Hizdnaim. 

tr. ' ktncham Ha 

tad on bjr 
Aiiut. A luimlMr at 




-am colkctKHM. 
■^r.r M bflfor*. rhanc** 
•^*^ For exampV. %^ 

■•■ Milarr 




a f jfi 1 1 111 ?o ? S* mr-»dor adjoining Fraderick 
«M of a peat bog and 

>j%:.rr rxiillMlM r,A» *i»«J iw^n 'li"' fi U> UM 

fHrifif to ijfrmiare of«* w.ifk in f^t^lffit A 

•r Ha*; no 

nade hcrr 

In Kmr;' ' *:.«.-r. I 

and maktrt, °teu 

<r mMttt 

492 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

brate fossils, this work was completed. The hall was reopened to 
the public early in June. In order to give space at the ends of the 
hall for certain large groups now under construction, and to intro- 
duce some new exhibits, some changes in the arrangement of cases 
and bases were made. The Yorkville and South American Mas- 
todon mounts, the cast of the Megatherium and the model of the 
Moa, all of which had occupied the north end of the hall, were 
moved to new positions near the center, space being obtained here 
partly by removal of the cast of Colossochelys. The exhibit 
illustrating methods of fossilization was withdrawn from the case 
which it had occupied, and an exhibit comparing ancient and modern 
plants and animals was installed in its stead. Some new specimens 
were introduced into this exhibit, part of them having been kindly 
presented by the General Biological Supply House of Chicago. A 
case containing ammonites was vacated, and three cases changed in 
position in order to bring corresponding exhibits into juxtaposition 
and make room for the exhibition of the great slab of the crocodile- 
like reptile, Steneosaurus, acquired during the year. Several specimens 
obtained by the Captain Marshall Field Paleontological Expeditions 
to South America in 1922-26 were added to the exhibits in the cases 
devoted to this area. These included skeletal parts of the Pleistocene 
horse-like animal, Hippideum, and of the short-faced bear, Arctodus. 
An egg of the giant extinct bird Aepyornis from Madagascar was 
transferred from the Department of Zoology and placed in the case 
of specimens of extinct birds. 

The Rancho la Brea fossils, which had previously occupied two 
cases, were condensed to one case, and in the case thus emptied 
there was installed a collection of fossil rhinoceros, tapir, tiger-cat 
and other remains collected in Mongolia by the Third Asiatic 
Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, Field 
Museum cooperating. Some tusks and other remains of the Mam- 
moth and a drawing of a restoration of the Mammoth by Mr. C. A. 
Corwin completed the installation of this case. In another case 
containing other specimens of the Mammoth and Mastodon, the 
superb Mammoth tusks presented by Mr. John Borden were in- 
stalled . 

Of the first ten mural paintings of the series being presented by 
Mr. Ernest R. Graham, representing typical scenes in different 
geological periods, prepared for the hall by Mr. Charles R. Knight, 
seven have been placed in final position on the walls of the hall. 
The subjects of these paintings are: The Chicago Coral Reef, 




0^ I He 

J4N llO Awxt u Kiarv«T or m Daurm US 

HonMd Mkd IV^-aM'.ir^ 1 ^.ti0mat% Ttw Anwwd Uummmt- ^ 
■■nMk KarUjrwg iMmomm% Tlw Mom of Smt TanhnH. (Auu 
K Ammn a cit xsd DI|»olndnni. &nd Tb* |ls»ti»iaf. The- tKr^c- uthcn 
c«BtKW- as aa '■ 4 

of IbctAU lIWMl^Ktou: , : .- . < .< ^ n> 

timm of lA. aftd A Sm Br .» i cr .; i «> ' a( 

|4MfiUa0i are 2^x9 fnrt n r rwrnaiatkr w« IIe9 («ac 

<- h*i;. f ^ 

<i< Xtm bmti 


pbcwd pv. >1 

•1 mthmd of like ) 
■Miiilwr, four bfliU 

TYm trsTFiT:! n* nsrtitiar.i sr thr n.Tr far CMM 

to bv u •r cunctrurlMia 

b)r Mr. tmJcrxJk UikMOii^. u: .Nn* lufi^ i* acarl> oomplMad and 

tbr tatfaSstion c/ at kaal oae of thc^sr frvHir* is Icokni for arfy 

\» al ihe Aral ^ 1. thai of 

'>T,i- -cr. _ '.'. ^ a'»- ■ « • . ..' .- ' 

Mr HlMritk* at Ix-- bat^* bwra r we wv ed 

r.-tniaaet gUi^ . 4 

liaat IUpf«rf«n*on i^ 

AI—> aB tiw hry • • ■ -...-.«<• 

(MM* t^ lb* 1 tpNaliwi in 4 

taimi. ba«^ bn« nwMc*' «1 

ol iW trunka bat : «« ' -.« 

494 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

case of Lepidodendron and the smaller Sigillaria stems, by appljdng 
to the molded trunks a specially prepared cortex produced in a mold 
which in each case is a perfect replica of corresponding fossils in 
the Museum's collections, or in the case of Lepidophhios, of a speci- 
men kindly loaned for the purpose by the United States National 

The large quantity of foliage required for the Calamite recon- 
structions has been produced also by mechanical means, and alto- 
gether the work on the material for this exhibit is so far advanced 
that as soon as the case for the group is built, the parts already 
completed may begin to be assembled, and will give a fair idea of 
the eventual appearance of the group. This exhibit is to be installed 
at the south end of Ernest R. Graham Hall. 

In the paleontological laboratory a considerable amount of 
■repairing and remounting of vertebrate fossils incident to the rein- 
stallations in Ernest R. Graham Hall was carried on, and the work 
of preparing, for exhibition and study, the vertebrate fossils collected 
by the Captain ^Marshall Field Paleontological Expeditions to South 
America, was continued. Repairs to specimens included those of 
broken parts of the skeleton of the extinct bird Dinornis and of 
the ribs and sacrum of the mounted skeleton of the large dinosaur, 

Specimens newly mounted or remounted include a skull and 
two limbs and feet of the extinct short-legged aquatic rhinoceros, 
Teleoceras; of both fore and hind limbs of the North American 
camel-Hke animals, Oxydadylus and Stenomylus; a skull of the large, 
pig-like Ehtherium; a skull of the South American hoofed mammal 
Astrapotherium; a skull of the marine reptile Platecarpus, and a pair 
of lower jaws of the Mastodon. 

Specimens cleaned of matrix and prepared for exhibition or study 
included a part of the skeleton of the large, extinct South American 
ground sloth, Scelidotherium; several jaws of Hippideum; a jaw of 
Arctotherium; a skull of Nesodon; additional parts of the skeleton 
of the little known tapir-like Homalodontotherium; bones of a small 
South American dinosaur; skulls of a new type of a large South 
American marsupial carnivore, and a skull four feet in length of 
the great ground sloth. Megatherium. 

A mold and two casts of the Gladstone meteorite acquired during 
the year were made in this laboratory' by Preparator J. B. Abbott 
for purposes of record and distribution to other institutions. 

'4M iMf Ammual R»*imit or vm Daacrot 4M 

ht boan io at: tl 

" ■^•--!•. Uinw mar" - - '--Hr 
•w of paru 

KoniBl o.' "m work 

:»ek. A rot- ■> 

wtat)-Mi ji «r«r» camad on in 

'.iw MjanUMy by A> 

■tf and wuJ)*«r« ^ a* 

vj: A uuu.ijtf of p>p«« u .^ 

.fatioiu: iavt,Ustion .. 4 

JK GO a ' 

■ry td the If of iu prefianitiaB at a mudi kwar coal 

■ aMicattoB of 

Dtnaoni of 
■a of a oacKi 

,-.^..;.... .^ 

^ of an . jf Uw naturv of a pi- 

!t^ ^ -^ u! li.- ; u> an . ' 

in ao'jiuur.. U»» rtwuuo'i >•: r. -■ t .T-.r.r" 
■ •-- mrOiod hat bam rarnt»i on •■ 
-vJllgtKMl tiw 

;., ;.' .8 A Urv ■ ••! a 

• ' » mahctift t»T»Mk. 

M bik w«nu ) cart muK &a: ~ 'Khar 

tfctt prwwai win prwant tiiw .'Mioa 

.» far bc«« fv»'.na A -K^t 

V ' iba (/««Utw<it »j< tju» jJBiii . ^^..!^* 

T'> ■ afttfvi !sSn' <«««( ra mt img of a lath*. 

t-* .^•.<^. ■-•. -*i . .'. ■ ,. ' .. . iw pnptnXMtu at 

496 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

the linings and battens and the refitting of shelves for sixty-four 
upright cases was carried on here by Preparator Valerie Legault, 
who also installed the linings and shelves in the cases. The frame- 
works for three large tree trunks, eighteen feet in height, for the 
Carboniferous Forest group were also constructed here by Preparator 
Legault and several bases for mounts in Ernest R. Graham Hall 
were made by him. 

Under the supervision of Associate Curator Nichols, a model of 
an oil well for exhibition in connection with the exhibit of petroleums 
in Hall 36 was brought nearly to completion in this laboratory. 
The model is six feet high, three and one-half feet long and eight 
and one-half inches deep. It is intended to reproduce essentially 
the features of a small area in the Lawrenceville, Illinois, oil district. 
The scale of the model is five feet to the inch. As this scale does 
not, however, give opportunity to show the true depth at which 
the oil occurs, a gap is left in the model between the surface features 
and that part of the model showing the oil-bearing strata. 

The surface features show a derrick, pumps, engine, equipment 
for drilling and various accessories employed both to drill a well 
and to raise the oil to the surface. The strata passed through to 
reach the oil are shown in their relative positions, and the relative 
situations of the oil, gas and salt water in the oil-bearing strata are 
also shown. The dissimilarities of the strata are brought out by 
differences in color and texture in the materials used in constructing 
the model, and they correspond to those which actually occur in 
the formations passed through in the Lawrenceville district. 

Zoology. — Progress in the preparation and installation of 
habitat groups of large mammals was unusual, probably exceeding 
that of any previous year. Four groups of large size were finished 
and are now on exhibition, as well as one group of small antelopes. 
Also four cases of large mammals were added to the classified 
exhibits in George M. Pullman Hall. 

Of outstanding interest was the initiation of installations of 
Asiatic mammals in William V. Kelley Hall. Case construction for 
one-fourth of this hall was completed, and two important groups 
were put in place. These were the groups of Marco Polo's sheep and 
the Asiatic ibex, both prepared from specimens obtained by Colonel 
Theodore Roosevelt and Kermit Roosevelt on the James Simpson - 
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition of Field Museiun. 


Jam \9T* A<«m ki KinjCT or THE DourTM 49T 

Tb« croup ad Uatcv tNitu • tl iwp nMMMU of ftvt n^r^n**. liinw 
■iak iiMv« armmat • rarity lariMw at Um has 
itatlw ^mir ru0» of TwitHUB al m alvvauaa of 
•bout ICOOO fnr( Thr vKolr r<Tfrt (anna • bmuOful | 

i fTyn — ■ n» '— » i i l M iiu iM U i i i i ia ol ih» biiak. tmbiddum oaUtfr 
of ilwteMiaiar 

Mmtaiat of Kivtf \jtt A^ 

itetm rtftmmatmd u* i.»>r .r; grro.' ^ 

■lapnk. broicMi ndfw and mou 

BBjrant with twariy («- In* cMiml 

ol Uw vovp » a macBi' ^ -^rvtnc 

of r«raH aar. an antiwii « frmtl 

Utmmvtil lu horr « 

;«.•>■....:. a:> . r '.: r oaAtivl fiffurt. af> 
aod aid •«« antii aiiall kkk. 

BoUi ol ihtm gr ^'cry tuenmtul. and rt-lWt grrat rmiil 

-•■iLf I •let A. (*on» '•aritxroundt 

.«, mammal pnup*. prTiiaml rhirfly from tpeciaaBa ob- 
laMMd bjr ilw FWd Mumub Ckuo^ /> '• AbjrMBtaa 

EMfadiibam, ««f« iwmplitart dahnc t-br yc«r a laiw eroup 

of lb* haiwlanmr oouBtajo Bjraia. and the otbar a ai 
of tfaa ttimiMUw wnittopm knoara a* ' 
«pcrt at Tuidaakl L«aB L. Prmy. an<i .^a <-: 

Aiairy MaraanaJ Hull 

t. Aa . t>a* te« 

(.. t. 

tnonumwi aad oU-' 
and paru of taaiar: 

498 Field Museum of Natlfral History — Reports, Vol. VII 

f' In the hall of American mammal habitat groups, a group of 
glacier bears was installed in the last remaining space in the eastern 
half of the hall, thus bringing to completion its first major unit 
which now includes twelve large groups of high quality. The 
glacier bear group has for a setting the picturesque glacier-bound 
mountains of the Alaskan coast. An old female bear is shown with 
her three cubs, the mother Ijdng down by an alder bush with her 
eyes watchfully devoted to the youngsters, one of which is curled 
up beside her, while the others are plaj^ully perched on nearby 
rocks. The group was prepared by Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht. 

In George M. Pullman Hall several important additions and 
improvements were made to the classified exhibit of hoofed mam- 
mals. A case of American mountain sheep shows the Canada sheep 
or Rocky Mountain bighorn, the Lower California sheep, the Stone's 
sheep of northern British Columbia, and the Alaskan sheep or Ball's 
sheep. These are variously posed on a single base of artificial rock- 

Another new case in George M. Pullman Hall is devoted to two 
fine specimens of the European red deer, presented to Field Museum 
by Lord Astor of England. A full grown stag with fully developed 
antlers is here posed on a natural base, with a young male of the 
abnormal type known in Scotland as a "cromie." Tufts of Scotch 
heather are seen at their feet, and the whole effect is very pleasing. 
The specimens were mounted by Taxidermist Leon L. Pray. 

Further new features in the systematic exhibit of mammals are 
single specimens of the rare and peculiar giraffe-like mammal known 
as the okapi, and a large bull mountain nyala, each of which occupies 
an entire case. The okapi was secured by Mr. Edmund Heller on 
the Captain Marshall Field Central African Expedition, and has 
been carefully prepared by Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht. 

Reinstallation of five screens of mammals was carried out in 
Hall 15, and all old style cases were eliminated from this hall. 

In Hall 21 a case of American ducks was installed with sixty-nine 
specimens belonging to forty species, representing a practically 
complete collection of this group of birds. A pair of the extinct 
Labrador ducks is shown, the male being in replica, because the 
actual specimen possessed by the Museum is too valuable to risk 
remounting. Six specimens were added to the case of diving birds 
and gulls. 

Two cases of fishes were placed in Hall 18 to occupy the remaining 
space in the east half of this hall. The species shown are representa- 

j»s '.'.-• AkhI A^L KcruCT or TMK UlKi 

>• food *A'] fUlir iMki^n Ofttf «U« U <W\ o(«ii 

r IkkiM of ^luW . Um tefT»> 

cuOA. LUC 4ii;x m» t«r:taek. pntwica iron ^adBMM 

TMMMad bjr Mr. ' hkaio. 

TW fwv cMMB of Aahai «r«re intbdltxl npcnmctiulljr on termtm 
id pib 0MB eaky '«d U> nuOdi. Tb* «0att «m ■> 

ft^ti^Artirs that r. TOthrr rasr in thr sainr m 


iptcinM«' .tod II . 

Tb* t an aod. 

'■■ rspftidu' 

Hm MiiiHiiin MKl pr of in—rU (or csbibtuon «nu 

ftdv*? n^ii (or two aum i« ready fur inaulU- 

tKio, . • ig ut Ubsk. Onr of ihflir |in>vt(l«» 

r Ml unprowd «Ad calarved Hria of ^ Im vmJ 

, aad Um oUmt (or SS6 ■teds* and \-anruaiu! autui A': . • j i 

c«hib«t of mountod ■kutolnni was inuu/crrml in 
: to H.. 

1. ^**« ,^i ■- #-ij »i .ft . ., , . .„ . . 

Corab • (jTiktMi > 

plaead on Um aoii >ur> ».' i 

'<▼ Um iM^liUl' -• " »-• 

■ •ftadvv&rv^ 

. 'i - !'.. 

>•■'- oadartai 


500 Field Museum op Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

The paintings of Abyssinian birds and mammals by the late L. A. 
Fuertes were transferred from Stanley Field Hall to Hall 21, and a 
part of them removed to smaller cases. Duplicate or outworn 
material, numbering 501 mounted birds and sixty-one mounted 
mammals, was disposed of. 

Five more large groups of mammals were in various stages of 
preparation at the close of the year. These are the Indian rhinoceros, 
Alaskan brown bear, polar bear, South American swamp deer, and 
African cony or dassie. A case of waders and shore birds for the 
systematic exhibit of American birds was nearing completion. 

Progress was made in storing, preparing, and caring for the 
unusual amount of material recently received in raw condition from 
expeditions. The entire collection of large mammal skins was over- 
hauled and rearranged, and superfluous specimens were eliminated. 
The skin dresser was occupied with much fresh material, and in 
addition 131 skins were dressed by outside agencies. Skulls of 
mammals to the number of 1,375 were cleaned under contract, and 
987 by the Museum osteologist, making a total of 2,362 cleaned. 

Rearrangement of the reference collections of mammals and birds 
was carried out so far as available cases and drawers would permit. 
Six of the new metal cases are now in full use in the Division of 
Mammals and eight in the Division of Birds. During recent years, 
incoming material has been given temporary storage in scattered 
places wherever space could be found. This condition is now partially 
relieved and, at least in certain groups, all material of one kind may 
be found together. The trays in the new cases have been supplied 
with metal label holders in which labels have been placed showing 
the contents of each tray and thus greatly facilitating the consulta- 
tion of the specimens. 


Sixteen years ago, in 1912, through the generosity of Mr. N. W. 
Harris, the Museum added this Department. Its function is to 
extend the work of the Museum into the schools of Chicago by 
delivering to them portable cases containing natural history and 
economic exhibits. 

Smce that time 1,070 cases have been prepared. Fifty of these 
were completed in 1928. 

During these sixteen years there has been a revolutionary advance 
in methods of preparing and modes of exhibiting natural history 



m*(cruL TW I Mrt-*.' '••.<-■ 'as »<--,• «B 

lU piktmtti. The rAtfr* larrj.a — - - c4l 

It ai4«^».'~k •■ natufT u 

tmtetmort MnuuHtean fw 

lm.»ae.-itr dur»b«l:'-. ' 

With inr\ il*l>W ■ .•'~ ' • 
VBtitrgo. and V ' 

Tlw rvcuUr uTMe* of two cmw to earii aciiool. : ntmrf 

two vmIek, bM b0«i aaiatJUiMd ' na. m: V«r 

martMlHiab:S71af thinpub eRoau .c. 

•ad oar l^thcrAB. The other insUtultona ur nght Y. M. C A'ft^ 

OBI- -ne bov't dub, oa* 

■ad o! ' n home For the 

%-»cmtKM> p«nod forly-thrar cmmm mrtr toaned for dliplajr 

> "i ■ to the J f the A- ' 

Afljp Al« fucaff" r 

Cmmm wvrv khipped out of town to 'iM 

Ml iuhicm-k l»4j •. ••r \x»' . "V '.' •'.'• 

i!a«r»_?». i! Jit .).»«-;•. '.'..;.--. jf 

^ to the <*htra(o. Suuth Shurv Ukd ^ -^ 

tat ilm^ M Sauih Baad. aod laa. t <j( 

the IliMi* D^MfftBMat of Consrn .. at 

Sfvu^fteld Hti caM* wen- lent U^ « 

of the Chtrt^ Boy 8cou'> au«Mi 

c^M wac UK.1 To n.&i . ; < < : '>! ..» - Intar- 

-i' i : at thr k YanU. thu* 

cTtrti***) • ' outof '. - -^ 

AKT llf2>HAKtH riA.S.-K- 

Ihirtnt the pMl yaar the art rw— rrti wori (vl in V^M 

MoMMB br dMH* fraei the A/i :MBu hat 0MBad 

OMlanally o > e* t^v^vfuik %»/■■ t«<' .of tJM aitMUf 

ftfodixtMM. »ft •'»<» a* «he 

502 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

such study. The value of this type of research has been recognized 
by other schools of art, and the plan followed in the work has been 
adopted by other museums and kindred institutions. 

Several hundred students, both from beginners' and advanced 
classes in the Art Institute, participate in these studies. The Art 
Institute provides the instructors, and Field Museum makes avail- 
able its study collections, as well as the publicly exhibited material, 
for sketching and research. Much meritorious pictorial and design 
work has been produced by the students in these classes. 


The attention of the public has been drawn to Meld Museum's 
activities, through publicity in the daily press of Chicago, and the 
press of the entire United States, to a greater extent during 1928 than 
in any previous year. Also, the more important news concerning 
the Museum has been given world-wide circulation by international 
news agencies. 

In addition to newspaper publicity, the Museum has received 
attention in important periodicals of various kinds; it has benefited 
from advertising, given as in past years without charge, through 
the generosity of those in control of various advertising media; 
and it has received further publicity through radio broadcasting 
and in motion picture newsreels. The Museum's own direct adver- 
tising efforts, through distribution of direction folders and other 
literature designed to attract more visitors from among both local 
residents and strangers in the city, have been continued as in past 

Newspaper Publicity. — The Division of Public Relations 
released a total of 349 news stories during 1928, or an average of 
more than six each week. Copies of these stories were furnished to 
the seven major daily newspapers of Chicago; to some sixty com- 
munity and neighborhood papers published in the city; to more 
than fifty of Chicago's foreign language newspapers; to some fifty 
suburban newspapers covering all the principal suburbs, cities and 
towns within a fifty-mile radius of Chicago; and to all the principal 
national and international news agencies. 

Many of these stories were accompanied by photographs, prints 
from 261 negatives having been released by the Museum, copies 
of each of these being sent to a list of twenty-one newspapers and 
news photograph agencies, through which hundreds of additional 
copies were distributed to newspapers all over the country. The 

Jam \K» \n%ikL RenutT vtf nan DuumM 

. t 


taUTHC ci ' 

ih»( dunnc Uw yvar Uw MuMruni 
ttvm UBpnrtani w^mwi w^* 
(Itctr aaoMi b* adtWd to the put 

The arvni •(unra nuttMl from tutM ol Afty «rard« or «> up u> 
- th» ir..- oattiBC tram •bout aa»>* 

tin. K^t-: . fir4rai««i VTiu t^RTnil in » • 

> and Ruutv in Uimb 

V. la 


■ •«i» 

• '■ n IJilCTUL 

given Um> Muatfum ' 
liar page of iu robi0rBvuf« •• 

."ior I 
• rmupr 

amrd by ■ aer 


%d cviar ptrturw 

— ' • MiatMd 


to a rvproducUoo la coion of tlM 

•■ H«r«6y 

T»._ \t,. 

f. f 

^^ ufluMkU u! LLC XcUT T ^ lJ' . '^W t ; i^ < 


504 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Indicating the extent of the newspaper publicity received, the 
records show that an average of nearly 1,600 clippings of articles 
mentioning the Museum are being received each month. As no 
complete coverage of even the English language newspapers is 
available, and certain groups such as foreign language papers are 
not covered at all by the clipping services, this number represents 
only a part of the space given the Museum. The highest monthly 
receipt of clippings was in September, with 2,822. The total number 
of clippings for the year was 19,105. 

Publicity in Periodicals.— Many special articles on the 
Museum and its activities, some prepared at the Museum on the 
request of editors, and others written by outside writers, usually 
illustrated with photographs furnished by the Museum, have 
appeared in general and popular magazines, trade journals, scientific 
publications, and other periodicals. Among the more important 
publications in which this material has appeared are Scientific 
American, Chicago Commerce, Popular Mechanics, Science, Popular 
Science, Americana Annual, International Year Book, Art and Arch- 
aeology, Science News Letter, Museums Journal (London), and 
American Year Book. 

Advertising.— As in past years, the Museum has been fortu- 
nate in having a wide variety of advertising media generously 
placed at its disposal without charge. 

Particularly notable was the action of the Chicago Evening 
American, which, in October, had prepared and gave space to a 
full page advertisement about the Museum, and then at its own 
expense bought full pages in other Chicago newspapers for republi- 
cation of this advertisement. Carrying the heading, "Field Museum 
— where stay-at-home Chicago sees the world," this advertisement 
attracted a great deal of attention and stirred much public interest. 
Grateful acknowledgement is hereby made to the Evening American 
and its publisher, Mr. Herman Black. 

The Chicago Rapid Transit Company, and associated inter- 
urban lines, distributed 50,000 Field Museum descriptive folders, 
and again kindly displayed in Elevated Lines stations a series of 
colored posters of Museum exhibits. The Chicago, North Shore 
and Milwaukee Railroad again allotted space throughout the year 
to Museum exhibits and lectures in its "This Week's Events" 
posters displayed at all stations between Chicago and Milwaukee. 

Jam l«9 Amkval IUf<oftT or vm Daacrm 

Tb» t1ur»(u SurCir* tiiw roatiauad tU 0HMf«MT of pt* 
bjr pnaiiag at ua ovr ia Um 

eolorad OfMrteMd po» jarunt Tli# 

IIUHM CmtrsJ lUilrt»a aad Uw 


- widciv i<1\Trti»d in foniMrticm with r • 

. (JU.ULU t idU MuMum 
■•Him snrl iSfior#ratlnf 

hcKn* Hab*. tnivtl burwtts af><. <«i. Sunriira of 

itn w* fureMiMd Mcli inootli ako U> tlw of* l 

Vig<a'>a of Um HMMor eaawBUam f - 
Tkrottil; tJjc ocoDfrmtiofi of »h. 

«»; u> *Ukc<tA«K li^ M. 


• ". a ■ - 

r».,. ..,, 

am bilMlf o' 

OMiat Bad Kki^sum 

506 Field MusErM of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Xewsreels. — Motion pictures also brought Field Museum 
activities before the public. These included newsreels taken by 
International Xewsreel, Kinograms, Chicago Daily Xews, Pathe 
and special films taken by the Chicago, South Shore and South 
Bend Railroad. 

Pamphlets. — Special publicity was given the work done 
among school children by the Museum in a pamphlet prepared by 
the Division of Public Relations entitled "Field Museum and the 
Child," in which the activities of the X. W. Harris Public School 
Extension Department and the James X^elson and Anna Louise 
Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture Division are out- 
lined. This pamphlet was widely distributed among school officials, 
principals, teachers, Members of the Museum, and other persons 
likely to be interested in this subject. 

The Field Museum folder, "One of the World's Treasure Houses," 
was revised up to date and a new edition published, and a large 
amount of general editorial work was done by the Division of Public 


During 1928 the output of the Di%-ision of Printing has again 
greatly exceeded that of previous years. This is especially true of 
exhibition labels, for which a special need arose in order that certain 
halls on the ground floor with anthropological exhibits could be 
opened to the public. 

Xo noteworthy change or increase in the equipment was made 
during the year, but in order that the composition on pubHcations 
could be advanced in a satisfactory manner, a monotype operator 
for a night shift was added to the staff on July 1. As a result of this 
addition excellent progress was made during the past sis months 
on the composition work for regular publications, guides, leaflets, 
childrens' stories, and other jobs requiring an unusual amount of 

The following publications were printed and boimd during the 
period under review: 

Kmsber of copies 

Publication 246 — Contents and Index to Volume XIV 1 ,000 

PnbMcatioD 247 — A Xew Crocodile from Xew Guinea. . . . ' 1 ,021 

Publication 24S — Annua! Report of the Director for 1927 3,80o 

Publication 249 — Tke Marine Fishes of Panama 1,530 

PubEcarion 25<3 — A Xew Genus of Aquatic Rodents 1 ,017 

Publication 251 — Reptiles Collected in Salvador 1 ,017 

Publication 252 — Xotes on South American Caimans 1 , 010 

Publication 253— The Prehistory of A\-;2tion 1,523 

Jam 1K» aL Ritr « MJ 


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508 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Roentgenology. — Considerable publicity was given to the X-ray- 
work of the Museum in 1928. As a result, international attention 
has been attracted to the findings made by the Division of Roent- 

Much careful experimentation has been devoted toward perfect- 
ing a technique that will adapt itself to the penetration of the 
unusual substances that have been submitted to the X-ray labora- 
tory for study. In mummy packages, for instance, to obtain a 
shadow of the skeletal structure of the body, the bandages and 
wrappings, and often even the coffin must be penetrated also. The 
anthropological specimens that have been X-rayed are all mummies 
contained in their original wrappings, and development of these 
films brought many surprises. 

In the mummy of a child, for instance, it was found that the 
arms had been removed and the legs broken, presumably to make 
the body fit a coffin too small for it. From all outward appearances 
this package seemed to contain the entire body of the child. The 
original wrappings have never been disturbed, and this mutilated 
condition was not even suspected until the X-ray film was made. 

X-ray examination of another mummy, that of an adult Egyptian 
disclosed the fact that the arms and torso were missing. The head 
was suspended to the pelvic region by a board, and the cavity 
normally occupied by the missing parts was filled with some 
radiolucent material that casts almost no shadow on the X-ray film. 

Pathological conditions, identical with present-day ills such as 
arthritis, genu valgum, scoliosis, et cetera, are clearly defined on some 
of the films. These findings have been corroborated by Dr. Cora 
A. Matthews of the Cook County Hospital. 

Life-size prints of the above described X-ray films have been 
placed on exhibition in Hall J. These prints are in close proximity to 
the original mummies so that interesting comparisons can be made. 

Photogravure. — Following is a list of the photogravure illus- 
trations and postal cards completed during the year 1928: 

Number of printa 

Publication illustrations 133 , 500 

Leaflet illustrations 70 , 000 

Design Series illustrations 63 , 000 

Guide covers 20 , 000 

African Hall Guide illustrations 52 , 500 

Posters 1 , 900 

Postal cards in series 195 ,000 

Postal cards (general) 96,000 

Special (membership headings) 1 ,375 

Total 633,275 




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510 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 


FROM JANUARY 1, 1928 TO DECEMBER 31, 1928 

Total attendance 1,023,627 

Paid attendance 137,607 

Free admissioss on pay days: 

Students 11.031 

School children 50,525 

Teachers 2,677 

Members 1,295 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 126,579 

Saturdays (52) 238,561 

Sundays (53) 455,352 

Highest attendance on any day (August 19, 1928) 20,894 

Lowest attendance on any day (December 21, 1928) 146 

Highest paid attendance (September 3, 1928) 9,000 

Average daily admissions (366 days) 2,796 

Average paid admissions (209 days) 658 

Number of guides sold 8,282 

Number of articles checked 19,428 

Number of picture postal cards sold 132,877 

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks and photographs . . $4,087.42 

4M M* 

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512 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 


Interest and dividends on investments $ 20,345.98 

Operating expenses 20,809.76 

Excess of expenses over income $ 463.78 


Balance, December 31, 1927 $ 186.14 

Contributions by Stanley Field during 1928 17,322.00 

$ 17,508.14 
Operating expenses — 1928 16,857.66 

Balance, December 31, 1928 $ 650.48 

Jam. IflO AMMtui. RaravT or imt Domciob ftU 



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514 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

12 archaeological objects: 10 deco- 
rated pottery sherds, 1 clay 
tobacco-pipe, 1 lot of detached 
bones — Mound seven miles from 
Manito, Illinois (gift). 

FIELD, HENRY, Chicago. 

7 archaeological objects: 5 tubular 
beads, 1 cylinder seal, and 1 
animal carving — Jemdet Nasr, 
Mesopotamia (gift). 


1 piece of decorated tapa — Samoa 


Collected by Ralph Linton, leader of 
Captain Marshall Field Expedi- 
tion to Madagascar: 

1,527 objects: wood carvings, brass 
castings, iron lamps, costumes, 
blankets — Bara, Tanala, Betsileo, 
and Imerina tribes, Madagascar. 

130 objects of basketry, wood 
carvings, fur cloaks, weapons, 
beadwork — mostly Basuto, South 
Rhodesia, South Africa. 

Collected by Dr. Neville Jones, Captain 
Marshall Field Expedition to 
About 100 paleolithic type speci- 
mens — South Africa. 

Collected by E. S. Riggs, Captain 
Marshall Field Paleontological 
Expedition to Argentina and 
Bolivia, 1926-27: 

2 prehistoric potsherds — Tarija, East 

Bolivia, South America. 

Collected by J. Eric Thompson, leader 
of Captain Marshall Field First 
Archaeological Expedition to 
British Honduras: 
About 130 archaeological objects of 
pottery, stone, jade, and shell — 
Maya, British Honduras, and 

Collected by W. D. Strong, anthropol- 
ogist of Rawson-MacMillan Sub- 
arctic Expedition of Field Mu- 
seum, 1927-28: 

About 849 archaeological and eth- 
nological objects: stone, bone, and 
household implements, soapstone 

and ivory carvings, clothing, 
weapons, and ceremonial mater- 
ial; 34 skeletal remains — Eskimo 
and Naskapi, Labrador and Baffin 

Collected by Henry Field, leader of 
Captain Marshall Field First and 
Second Archaeological Expedi- 
tions to the North Arabian 
About 15,021 objects of prehistoric 
flint implements and flakes, stones 
bearing tribal marks, and one in- 
scribed door-lintel — North Ara- 

Collected by Henry Field, leader of 
Captain Marshall Field Archae- 
ological Expedition to Western 

About 10,100 objects of prehistoric 
flint and bone implements, casts 
from French National Collection, 
and casts of prehistoric human 
remains — France, Germany, and 


3 objects of beadwork: 1 beaded 
blanket stripe, 1 pair of beaded 
moccasins, and 1 pipe-bag beaded 
with quilled fringe — Plains In- 
dians, Dakota, from Mrs. Laura 
F. Stewart, collector. 

1 copper hoe of native "Indian" 
copper — Arizona, from P. S. 

17 ethnological objects: articles of 
clothing, household utensils, and 
snowshoes — Penobscot Indians, 
Maine, from Dr. Frank G. Speck, 

1 pair of emu feather slippers — 
aborigines, West Australia, from 
J. F. Connelly, collector. 

30 ethnological objects: clothing, 
knife, Jew's harp, tobacco-pipes, 
drinking-cup, and spoon — Taiyal, 
Paiwan, Bunun, Ami, and Tsou 
tribes, Formosa, from Gordon T. 
Bowles, collector. 

1 old piece of decorated tapa^ 
Hawaii, from Mrs. Emily 

About 24 fragmentary skulls and 
about 1,500 archaeological ob- 

Jan l«a> AHsixL RMjr\mt or tHK Douktimi 


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516 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

ALEXANDER, MRS. H. H., Avalon, 
1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

North Carolina. 
3 wood specimens and 1 herbarium 
specimen of Taxus and Torreya 

29 samples of tea (gift). 

BALL, DR. C. R., Washington, D. C. 
12 herbarium specimens of willows 
from Minnesota and North 
Dakota (gift). 


1 fruiting specimen of Peruvian 
mahogany (gift). 

14 hand specimens of woods from 
Brazil and Chile (gift). 

PANY, New York City. 
A black cherry board (gift). 

COMPANY, Belize, British Hon- 

A mahogany board (gift). 

BENKE, H. C, Chicago. 

521 herbarium specimens, chiefly 
from Illinois (gift). 

BLETSCH, W. E., Highland Park, 

18 hand samples of tropical woods 


SOCIETY, Bombay, India. 

6 samples of vegetable oils (gift). 

Point, Indiana. 
9 herbarium specimens from Indiana 


Brignoles, France. 

19 herbarium specimens and packets 
of seeds (gift) . 

British Honduras. 
1 specimen of the inflorescence of a 
palm (gift). 

ington, D. C. 
9 photo-micrographs of fiber (gift). 

reccion General de Agricultura, 
San Salvador, Salvador. 
106 herbarium specimens from Sal- 
vador (gift). 

ENCES, San Francisco. 
415 herbarium specimens, chiefly 
from Lower California (exchange). 

URAL HISTORY, Cleveland, 
18 herbarium specimens from Ohio 

CLYNES, M. R. and N. E. BECKER, 
1 wood specimen of Osage orange 


1 herbarium specimen from Illinois 


PORATION, Terre Haute, Indi- 
10 samples of corn products (gift). 

Rangoon, Burma. 

176 wood specimens (gift). 

5 specimens of material employed in 
paper manufacture (gift). 

DAHLGREN, DR. B. E., Chicago. 
A branch of Honduras mahogany 
and a collection of aroid and other 
tubers from Trinidad (gift). 

DAHLGREN, MRS. B. E., Chicago. 
1 herbarium specimen from Cali- 
fornia (gift). 

DEAGAN, J. C, INC., Chicago. 
A board of Honduras rosewood (gift). 

CULTURA, Guatemala City, 
28 herbarium specimens from Guate- 
mala (gift). 


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irUMAl of 

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518 Field Museum of Natural History^-Reports, Vol. VII 

MINO, Mexico City, Mexico. 
1 herbarium specimen from Mexico 


DEN, New York City. 
6 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

New York City. 
8 samples of cacao (gift). 

York City. 
29 wood specimens (gift). 

PHILLIPS, O. F., Chairman, Board 
of Review, Chicago. 
A tray of barley standards (gift). 

TANO, Catania, Italy. 
3 citrus boxes (gift). 

PURPUS, DR. C. A., Zacuapam, Mex- 

72 herbarium specimens from Mexico 


REKO, DR. BLAS P., Ind6, Durango, 
42 herbarium specimens from Mexico 


RIDGWAY, ROBERT, Olney, Illinois. 
332 herbarium specimens from Illi- 
nois (gift). 


647 herbarium specimens from Co- 
lombia (exchange). 

Worth, Texas. 
34 herbarium specimens from Texas 


ST. JOHN, DR. HAROLD, Pullman. 
1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

SHERFP, DR. EARL E., Chicago. 
85 herbarium specimens (gift). 

SMITH, HURON H., Milwaukee, Wis- 

1 herbarium specimen (gift). 

STEVENSON, NEIL S., Belize, British 

8 specimens of palms from British 

Honduras (gift). 

field, Minnesota. 

1 herbarium specimen from Costa 
Rica (gift). 


A police baton made from lignum 
vitae (gift). 

TEHON, L. R., Urbana, Illinois. 

103 herbarium specimens from Illi- 
nois (gift). 

of Plant Industry, Washington, 
D. C. 

9 herbarium specimens (exchange). 

SEUM, Washington, D.C. 
8,805 herbarium specimens (ex- 

MUSEUM, Copenhagen, Den- 

276 herbarium specimens from tropi- 
cal America (exchange). 

WARREN, S. D., COMPANY, Boston. 
8 specimens of material used in paper 
making (gift). 

Haven, Connecticut. 
1 ground section of Cycadeoides (gift). 

Antonio, Texas. 
465 herbarium specimens from Texas 


Haven, Connecticut. 
371 herbarium specimens from tropi- 
cal America (gift) ; a log of cacique 
bloodwood (gift); 1,501 wood 
specimens (exchange); a bag 
made of pita fioja, latex of the 
Guatemala cow tree, seeds of 
Astrocaryum, wood specimen of 
pink ivory (gift). 

M. lan \it%tAi. RnraKT or n 

I. T or 


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520 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

45 specimens of fragments of shells 
of eggs of Protoceratops and 
Struthiolithus — Mongolia. 

Collected by Captain Marshall Field 
Paleontological Expedition to Al- 
berta, Canada, 1922: 

1 trunk of fossil tree — Alberta, 

Collected by Captain Marshall Field 
Paleontological Expedition to Ar- 
gentina and Bolivia, 1922-24: 
48 specimens fossil invertebrates — 
Patagonia Beds, Argentina. 

Collected by Captain Marshall Field 
Second Paleontological Expedi- 
tion to Argentina and Bolivia, 
144 specimens fossil vertebrates and 
invertebrates — Tarija, Bolivia 
and Province of Buenos Aires, 

171 specimens fossil vertebrates — 

Catamarca, Argentina. 
21 specimens fossil Devonian in verte- 
brates — Austral fauna of Bolivia. 
Collected by H. W. Nichols: 

2 specimens soils — Antioch, Illinois. 


1 iron meteorite — Gladstone, Aus- 

1 iron meteorite-Houck, Arizona. 

Section of iron meteorite — Duchesne 
County, Utah. 

Skeleton of Teleosaur in matrix — 
Holzmaden, Wiirttemberg, Ger- 

1 specimen modern crinoid — Sagami 

Bay, Japan. 

2 specimens fossil echinoids — Ponto- 

toc, Mississippi. 

1 specimen claw of fossil sloth — 
Sarasota, Florida (gift). 

HOUSE, Chicago. 
9 specimens modern plants and ani- 
mals — various localities (gift). 

GLENDINNING, R. J., Salt Lake 
City, Utah. 

1 specimen gilsonite — Utah (gift). 

1 specimen fossil fish — Fossil, Wy- 
oming (gift). 

GRONEMANN, C. F., Elgin, Illinois. 

1 specimen peat from sphagnum — 

Gilbert's, Illinois (gift). 

HALVORSEN, E. E., Templeton, Cali- 

2 specimens fossil pelecypods — Cali- 

fornia (gift). 

3 specimens fossil oysters — Califor- 

nia (gift). 
1 specimen petrified wood — Califor- 
nia (gift). 

HARRISON, C. M., Amory, Missis- 
16 specimens bentonite and associ- 
ated rock — Amory, Mississippi 

HESTER, J. P., Flagstaff, Arizona. 
1 specimen fossil amphibian foot- 
prints — Cameron, Arizona (gift). 
15 photographs (gift). 

Kenilworth, Illinois. 
3,240 specimens minerals — various 
localities (gift). 

1 specimen marcasite concretion — 
southern Illinois (gift). 

Springfield, Illinois. 
Portion with crust of the 46-pound 
individual of the Tilden meteo- 
rite, and a cast of the entire 
individual — Tilden, Illinois (gift). 

KINSER, B. M., Port Stanton, 
21 specimens Ordovician fossils- 
Port Stanton, Canada (gift). 

LANG, JOHN, Jacksonville, Texas. 
1 limonite concretion — Jacksonville, 
Texas (gift). 

LAW, D. H., Dixon, lUinois. 

1 specimen of root of fossil tree — 
Elsie, Kentucky (gift). 

LAYBOURNE, E. G., Chicago. 

3 specimens fossil gastropods — 
Colorado (gift). 

1 specimen fossil pelecypod — Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Jam. ltt> AxMi'AL Rd^it .'UUKTcmi SSI 

lijrr. Mi^o ^r.w^i. T^...- f4^i,-.v vii^.rt«||. r*l*r«M. 


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522 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

SEKERA, JOHN, Chicago. 

1 specimen chalcedony — South 
Dakota (gift). 

SHANAHAN, W. F., Chicago. 

1 specimen cup coral — Decatur, 
Illinois (gift). 

Lodge, Montana. 

2 specimens zonolite — Montana 



1 specimen Lepidodendron — (gift). 

SOSNOVEC, v., St. Louis, Missouri. 
8 specimens minerals — St. Louis, 
Missouri (gift). 

7 specimens concretions — St. Louis, 
Missouri (gift). 

Urbana, Illinois. 

3 specimens oil sands — Lawrence- 
ville, Illinois (gift). 

bridge, Massachusetts. 
1 specimen polished labradorite — 
Labrador (gift). 

TRUESDELL, DR. G. W., Taylor 
Falls, Minnesota. 
1 specimen conglomerate containing 
Lingula — Taylor Falls, Minne- 
sota (gift). 

SURVEY, Washington, D. C. 
11 specimens potash salts — Texas 
and New Mexico (gift). 


Skull and jaws of Poebrotherium 
wilsoni — Wyoming (exchange). 

Skeleton of Oreodon culbertsoni — ■ 
Nebraska (exchange). 

VAUGHAN, DR. R. V., Avalon, 
1 specimen calcareous tufa — Cata- 
lina Island, California (gift). 

VEDDER, MRS. W. J., Chicago. 
1 specimen fossil ammonite — New 
Mexico (gift). 


1 specimen sphalerite and calcite— 
Cumberland, England (gift). 

1 specimen silver and copper — Lake 
Superior (gift). 

1 specimen covellite — Upper Two 

Medicines, Montana (gift). 
1 specimen concretion — Upper Two 

Medicines, Montana (gift). 

WOOLLEY, S. W., Osborne, Kansas. 
3 specimens invertebrate fossils — ■ 
Osborne, Kansas (gift). 


ANDERSON, A. N. P., Los Angeles, 
1 rattlesnake skin — Brownsville, 
Texas (gift). 

APPLEBAUM, A. A., Chicago. 
1 tarantula — Honduras(?) (gift). 

BACKES, PETER, Wheaton, Illinois. 
1 barn owl — (gift). 

BERTONI, A. W., Asuncion, Para- 

1 flycatcher — Puerto Bertoni, Para- 

guay (gift). 

BORDEN, JOHN, Chicago. 
4 walrus tusks — Alaska (gift). 

2 ribbon seal skins, 1 skull — King 

Island, Alaska (gift). 


1 inconnu — Alaska (gift). 


132 birdskins — various foreign locali- 
ties (exchange). 

BUTTLES, MRS. B. E., Chicago. 
1 albino bluejay — Chicago (gift). 

Greenwood, Illinois. 
1 short-eared owl — Mount Green- 
wood, Illinois(?) (gift). 

CAUBLE, F. B., Greenfield, Indiana. 
1 turtle, 1 moth caterpillar — Orange 
County, Indiana (gift). 

AXKl AL llBmKT or TMB I>UUai'n« 


? k. 

rtffyv or t.4Cm(^m4%^% : <^t^i 



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524 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

3 ducks — Wainwright, Alaska. 
1 bird — British Guiana. 
1 snake — Gainesville, Florida. 
18 lizards, 2 snakes — Haiti and 

Santo Domingo. 
1 mammal skin and skeleton — 

1 mounted raccoon — Michigan. 
96 birds — South America. 

5 snakes, 2 lizards — various local- 

2 birds — Oregon. 


1 bronze group, "At Bay," by Carl 
E. Akeley (gift). 


9 frogs — Tulsa County, Oklahoma 



1 lot salamander eggs — Manitowish, 

Wisconsin ( gift). 
1 eel pout — Chicago (gift). 

1 moth — Chicago (gift). 


HOUSE, Chicago. 
1 hermit crab — Key West, Florida 

1 salamander — Imboden, Arkansas 

1 snake — Florida (gift). 

GERHARD, W. J., Chicago. 

2,128 insects — northern Indiana and 
northern Illinois (gift). 

1 bird — San Diego, California (gift). 

GRANT, C. P., Chicago. 

10 bird lice — Chicago (gift). 

9 salamanders, 5 lizards, 4 snakes — 
Hanover, Germany (gift). 

GUERET, E. N., Chicago. 
3 flies— Chicago (gift). 

HACKNEY, G. W, Gwelo, Rhodesia. 
10 mammal skulls and horns — 
Rhodesia (gift). 

Beach, Florida. 
1 lizard — Palm Beach, Florida (gift). 

HARLAN, MAYNARD, London Mills, 
1 woodchuck skull — London Mills, 
lOinois (gift). 

HARRIS, H. M., Ames, Iowa. 

9 bugs — various localities (ex- 

9 beetles, 19 butterflies, 7 moths — 
Alberta, Canada (gift). 

HINE, ASHLEY, Chicago. 

1 hawk owl — Edmonton, Alberta 

SERVATION, Chicago. 
1 least weasel — Waukegan, Illinois 

KLAUBER, L. M., San Diego, Cali- 
4 snakes — San Diego County, Cali- 
fornia (gift). 

KREBS, C. L., Chicago. 

1 spider — Central America (gift). 

LASCH, EMIL, McHenry, Illinois. 
1 double-crested cormorant, 6 pheas- 
ant eggs — McHenry, Illinois 

LAYBOURNE, E. G., Chicago. 

1 prairie mole — Thayer, Indiana 


LETL, FRANK, Chicago. 

2 mammals — Homewood, Illinois 

1 butterfly — Chicago (gift). 

2 fishes — Alto Pass, Illinois (gift). 

LILJEBLAD, E., Chicago. 
1 moth — Chicago (gift). 

1 coyote 

W., South Bend, 
North Liberty, Indiana 

M U. 

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526 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Raymond Fund: 432 lantern slides. 


13 lantern slides on 




163 prints of scenes and types of 

Naga Hills, Assam, India. 
6 reels motion picture film on Naga 

Hills, Assam, India (gift). 

ELSBERG, H. A., New York City. 
22 photographs of Peruvian fabrics 

Made by Division of Photography: 
18,247 prints, 4,463 negatives, 
1,546 lantern slides, 333 enlarge- 
ments, 49 transparent labels. 
Developed for expeditions: 724 

Made by H. W. Nichols: 36 negatives 
of scenery around oil well for 
modeling purposes. 

Made by Julius Friesser: 46 nega- 
tives of animals. 

Made by William D. Strong: 642 
negatives of natives, general 
views, etc. 

Made by J. Eric Thompson: 
79 negatives of natives, landscapes, 

etc., in British Honduras. 
Made by Commander Donald B. 

1 reel motion picture film on the 

Naskapi Indians. 
Made by Henry Field: 
642 negatives of natives, landscapes, 

etc., taken at Kish, Mesopotamia. 
139 negatives of natives, landscapes, 

etc., taken in Northern Arabia. 
328 negatives of European natives, 

landscapes, etc. 
6000 feet motion picture film taken 

in Kish, Mesopotamia. 
4000 feet motion picture film taken 

in Northern Arabia. 
19 prints from a Persian manuscript 

on polo, in Public Library, 


Washington, D. C. 
3 prints of Chinese polo players 



(Accessions are by exchange, unless otherwise designated) 


Albany Museum, Grahamstown. 

Department of Mines and Industries, 

Geological Society, Johannesburg. 

Institut d'Egypte, Cairo. 

Ministry of Public Works, Cairo. 

Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg. 

Rhodesia Museum, Bulawayo. 

Rhodesia Scientific Society, Bula- 

Royal Society of South Africa, Cape 

Societe de Geographie d'Alger, 

Societe d'Histoire Naturelle de I'Af- 
rique du Nord, Algiers. 

Societe des Sciences Naturelles du 
Maroc, Rabat. 

South African Association for the 
Advancement of Sciences, Cape 

South African Department of Agri- 
culture, Pretoria. 

South African Museum, Cape Town. 

Transvaal Museum, Pretoria. 


Academia Nacional de Ciencias, Cor- 

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528 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

McGill University, Montreal, 

Nova Scotian Institute of Natural 
Sciences, New Brunswick, Nova 

Provincial Museum, Toronto, On- 

Provincial Museum, Victoria, Brit- 
ish Columbia. 

Queen's University, Kingston, On- 

Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto, 

Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa, 

Universite de Montreal, Montreal, 

University of Toronto, Toronto, 


Sociedad de Geografia de Historia, 


Colombo Museum, Colombo. 
Departmentof Agriculture, Colombo. 
Mineralogical Survey, Colombo. 


Geological Survey, Peking. 

Metropolitan Library, Peking. 

Peking Union Medical College, De- 
partment of Anatomy, Peking. 

Royal Asiatic Society of North 
China, Shanghai. 

Science Society of China, Nanking. 

University of Nanking, Nanking. 


Academic Tcheque des Sciences, 

Deutscher Naturwissensehaftlich- 

Medizinischer Verein fiir Bohmen 

"Lotos," Prague. 


Dansk Botanisk Forening, Copen- 

Dansk Geologisk Forening, Copen- 

Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 

Dansk Ornithologisk Forening, 

K. Bibliotek, Copenhagen. 

Universite, Copenhagen. 


Department van Landbouw, Nijver- 
heid en Handel, Paramaribo. 


Academia Nacional de Historia, 

Federated Malay States Museums, 

Malayan Agricultural Society, Kuala 

Royal Asiatic Society, Malayan 

Branch, Singapore. 


Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, 

Suomen Museo, Helsingfors. 


AcadSmie des Sciences, Paris. 
Ecole d'Anthropologie, Paris. 
Musee Guimet, Paris. 
Museum National d'Histoire Natu- 

relle, Paris. 
Nature, Paris. 

Societe Botanique de France, Paris. 
Societe Dauphinoise d'Ethnologie et 

d'Anthropologie, Grenoble. 
Societe d'Ethnographie, Paris. 
Societe d'Etudes des Sciences Natu- 

relles, Reims. 
Societe d'Etudes Scientifiques, 

Society d'Histoire Naturelle, 

Soci6t6 de Geographie, Paris. 
Societe des Am^ricanistes, Paris. 
Societe des Sciences, Nancy. 
Societe des Sciences Naturelles, 

Soci6t6 des Sciences Naturelles 

de Saone-et- Loire, Chalon-sur- 

Society Linneenne, Bordeaux. 
Societe Nationale d'Acclimatation de 

France, Paris. 
Societe d'Agriculture, Sciences et 

Arts, Angers. 
Society Nationale d'Horticulture de 

France, Paris. 
Societe Scientifique du Bourbonnais 

et du Centre de France, Moulins. 


Akademie der Wissenschaften, Ber- 

Akademie der Wissenschaften, Hei- 

Bayerische Akademie der Wissen- 
schaften, Munich. 

Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft, 




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SatarsI ItMUry 

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ij««<?;«Mt« i»*«'<^ii*rf 

530 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Liverpool Free Public Museum, 

London School of Economics and 
Political Science, London. 

Manchester Literary and Philosoph- 
ical Society, Manchester. 

Manchester Museum, Manchester. 

Marine Biological Association, Ply- 

National Indian Association, London. 

National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. 

Natural History Society of Glasgow, 

Oriental Ceramic Society, London 

Royal Anthropological Institute of 
Great Britain and Ireland, Lon- 

Royal Asiatic Society of Great Bri- 
tain and Ireland, London. 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 

Royal Colonial Institute, London. 

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, 

Royal Geographical Society, Lon- 

Royal Horticultural Society, Lon- 

Royal Society, London. 

Royal Society of Arts, London. 

Royal Society of Edinburgh, Edin- 

School of Oriental Studies, London. 

South London Entomological and 
Natural History Society, London. 

Speleological Society, Bristol. 

Tring Zoological Museum, Tring. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, Lon- 

Wellcome Research Laboratories, 

Zoological Society, London. 


Magyar Termeszettudomany T&r- 
sulat, Budapest. 

Musee National Hongrois, Budapest. 

Royal Hungary School of Engineer- 
ing, Mines and Forests, Budapest. 


Anthropological Society, Bombay. 

Archaeological Department, Hyder- 

Archaeological Survey, Allahabad. 

Archaeological Survey, Burma, Ran- 

Archaeological Survey, Calcutta. 

Archaeological Survey, Madras. 

Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

Bihar and Orissa Research Society, 

Botanical Survey, Calcutta. 
Department of Agriculture, Bombay. 
Department of Agriculture, Madras. 
Department of Agriculture, Poona. 
Department of Agriculture, Pusa. 
Geological Survey, Calcutta. 
Government Cinchona Plantations, 

Government of India, Calcutta. 
Government Museum, Madras. 
Hyderabad Archaeological Society, 

Indian Museum, Calcutta. 
Journal of Indian Botany, Calcutta. 
Mining and Geological Institute of 

India, Calcutta. 
Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 
University of Calcutta, Calcutta. 
Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 


Belfast Natural History and Philo- 
sophical Society, Belfast. 
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. 
University of Dublin, Dublin. 


Musei Zoologia e Anatomia, Genoa. 
Musei Zoologia e Anatomia Compa- 

rata, Turin. 
Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, 

R. Accademia delle Scienze, Naples. 
R. Accademia delle Scienze, Turin. 
R Accademia Nazionale del Lincei, 

R. Orto Botanico Giardino Coloniale, 

R. Scuola Superiors di Agricultura, 

R. Societa Geograficaltaliana.Rome. 
Societa dei Naturalisti, Naples. 
Societa di Scienze Naturali ed 

Economiche, Florence. 
Societa Geologica Italiana, Rome. 
Societa Italiana de Scienze Naturali, 

Societa Reale dei Napoli, Naples. 
Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, 

Ufficio Geologico d'ltalia, Rome. 


Anthropological Society of Tokyo, 

Department of Agriculture of For- 
mosa, Formosa. 

Government General, Museum of 
Chosen, Tokyo. 

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532 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 


Academie des Sciences, Leningrad. 

Botanical Garden, Leningrad. 

Mus6e d'AnthropoIogie, Leningrad. 

Musee Geologique de Mineralogie 
Pierre le Grand, Leningrad. 

Poltava's State Museum of the 
Name of Korolenko, Poltava. 

Russian Zoological Journal, Moscow. 

Societe des Amis des Sciences 
Naturelles, d'AnthropoIogie et 
d'Ethnographie, Moscow. 

Societe Ouralienne d'Amis des Sci- 
ences Naturelles, Ekaterinberg. 


Associacio Catalana d'AntropoIogia 
Etnologia i Prehistoria, Barcelona. 

Institucio Catalana d'Historia Na- 
tural, Barcelona. 

Junta para Amplicacion de Estudios 
e Investigaciones Cientificas, Ma- 

Musei de Ciencias Naturales, Ma- 

Sociedad Espanola de Antropologia, 
Etnografia y Prehistoria, Madrid. 

Sociedad Espanola de Historia Na- 
tural, Madrid. 


Gotesborgs Botanika Tradgrad 

Geologiska Institute, Stockholm. 
K. Biblioteket, Stockholm. 
K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, 

K. Vetenkaps-och Vitterhets-Sam- 

halle, Goteborg. 
Lunds Universitet, Lund. 
Riksmuseets Etnografiska Avedel- 

ning, Stockholm. 


Botanisches Museum, Zurich. 

Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, 

Mus^e d'Histoire, Lausanne. 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Basel. 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Zu- 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel. 

Schweizerische Entomologische Ge- 
sellschaft, Bern. 

Societe Botanique, Geneva. 

Societe de Physique et d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Geneva. 

Society Helvetique des Sciences 
Naturelles, Bern. 

Societe Neuchateloise de Geographie, 

Society Suisse d'AnthropoIogie et 
d'Ethnologie, Bern. 

Society Zoologique, Geneva. 


Museo de Historia Natural, Monte- 


Cultura Venezolana, Caracas. 


Academia Nacional de la Artes y 
Letras, Havana. 

Biblioteca Nacional, Havana. 

Department of Agriculture, Bridge- 

Department of Agriculture, Kings- 

Insular Experiment Station, Rio 

Trinidad and Tobago Department 
of Agriculture, Port of Spain. 

Universidad de Habana, Havana. 

Adam, Tassilo, Vienna (gift). 

Beaux, Oscar de, Geneva. 

Castellanos, Alfredo, Buenos Aires 

Collinge, Walter E., York, England. 

Devincenzi, Garibaldi, J., Montevideo. 

Dieseldorff, E. P., Charlottenburg (gift). 

Dunod, Henri, Paris. 

Faura y Sans, M., Barcelona (gift). 

Ferguson, John C, Peking (gift). 

Frankfort, H., London (gift). 

Friedlander und Sohn, Berlin (gift). 

Gleerup, O. W. K., Lund. 

Hartert, Ernst, Berlin. 

Herter, Guillermo, Montevideo (gift). 

Hornell, James, London (gift. 

Langdon, S., Oxford (gift). 

Levy-Bruhl, Lucien, Paris. 

Meek, Alexander, Durham, England. 

Mertens, Robert, Frankfort on the 
Main (gift). 

Montani, Lonio, Chatou, France (gift). 

Mailer, Lorenz, Munich. 

MuUeried, Federico. K. G., Mexico City 

Pittier, Henri, Caracas, Venezuela. 

Platania, Gaetano, Catania, Sicily. 

Prout, A. E., London (gift). 

Rivet, P. Paris. 

Roth, Walter E., Christiansborg, Africa. 

Schinz, Hans, Zurich. 

Schlaginhaufen, Otto, Zurich. 

Sergi, Guiseppe, Rome. 

Spencer, L. J., London. 

Stensio, Erik A., Stockholm. 

Thomson, J. Arthur, Aberdeen, Scot- 
land (gift). 

Tsuboi, R., Osaka (gift). 

Tsuda, Nositake, Tokyo (gift). 

Walsh, George B., Scarborough, Eng- 

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534 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Indiana University, Bloomington. 

John Herron Art Institute, Indian- 

Purdue University, Lafayette. 

University of Notre Dame, Notre 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Historical, Memorial and Art De- 
partment, Des Moines 

Iowa Geological Survey, Des Moines. 

Iowa Journal of Science, Iowa City. 

Iowa Horticultural Society, Des 

Iowa State College of Agriculture, 

University of Iowa, Iowa City. 


State Board of Agriculture, Topeka. 
State Geological Survey, Lawrence. 
State Historical Society, Topeka. 
University of Kansas, Lawrence. 


Academy of Science, Lexington. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Kentucky Geological Survey, Frank- 


Department of Conservation, Baton 

State Museum, Baton Rouge. 


Bowdoin College, Brunswick. 


Academy of Science, Baltimore. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
College Park. 

Enoch Pratt Free Library, Balti- 

JohnsHopkinsUniversity, Baltimore. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, Boston. 

American Antiquarian Society, Wor- 

Boston Public Library, Boston. 

Clark University, Worcester. 

Essex Institute, Salem. 

Harvard College, Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology, Cambridge. 

Harvard University, Arnold Arbore- 
tum, Jamaica Plain. 

Harvard University, Gray Herba- 
rium, Cambridge. 

Horticultural Society, Boston. j 

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 1 

New Bedford Free Library, New ' 

Peabody Institute, Salem. 

Peabody Museum, Cambridge. 

Salem Public Library, Salem. 

Springfield City Library Association, 

Williams College, Williamstown. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Agricultural College. 

Department of Conservation, Geolo- 
gical Survey Division, Lansing. 

Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit. 

Grand Rapids Public Litjrary, Grand 

Michigan Academy of Sciences, Ann 

Michigan College of Mines, Hough- 

Michigan State Library, Lansing. 

State Board of Agriculture, Lansing. 

State Board of Library Commissions, 

Edward K. Warren Foundation, 
Three Oaks. 

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
University Farm. 

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Min- 

Minnesota Geological Survey, Min- 

Minnesota Historical Society, St. 

University of Minnesota, St. Paul. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Agricultural College. 

Mississippi Plant Board, Agricul- 
tural College. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Bureau of Geology and Mines, RoUa. 

City Art Museum, St. Louis. 

Missouri Botanic Garden, St. Louis. 

Missouri Historical Society, Colum- 

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536 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 


Oklahoma Academy of Science, Nor- 

Oklahoma Geological Survey, Nor- 

University of Oklahoma, Norman. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 
University of Oregon, Eugene. 


Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

American Philosophical Society, Phil- 

Antivenin Institute of America, 

Bureau of Topographical and Geo- 
logical Survey, Harrisburg. 

Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh. 

Department of Agriculture, Harris- 

Department of Forests and Waters, 

Engineers' Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania, Pittsburgh. 

Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. 

Lehigh University, Bethlehem. 

Pennsylvania Museum and School 
of Industrial Art, Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 

Philadelphia Commercial Museum, 

Reading Public Museum and Art 
Gallery, Reading. 

Sullivant Moss Society, Pittsburgh. 

University of Pennsylvania, Phila- 

University of Pennsylvania, Mu- 
seum, Philadelphia. 

Wagner Free Institute of Science, 

Wistar Institute of Anatomy and 
Biology, Philadelphia. 


Bureau of Education, Manila. 
Bureau of Science, Manila. 
Department of Agriculture and 

Natural Resources, Manila. 
Department of Interior, Manila. 


State School of Mines, Rapid City. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

College Station. 
Baylor University, Waco. 
Scientific Society, San Antonio. 
University of Texas, Austin. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

University of Utah, Salt Lake City. 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 


Geological Survey, Charlottesville. 
State Library, Richmond. 
University of Virginia, Charlottes- 


Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Department of Conservation and 
Development, Division of Geo- 
logy, Olympia. 

Mountaineer Club, Seattle. 

Pacific Northwest Bird and Mammal 
Society, Seattle. 

Puget Sound Biological Station, 

Washington University, Seattle. 

Washington University, Historical 
Society, Seattle. 


American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. 

American Association of Museums. 

American Mining Congress. 

Archaeological Institute of America. 

Carnegie Endowment for Interna- 
tional Peace (gift). 

Carnegie Institution of Washington 

Library of Congress. 

National Academy of Science. 

National Parks Bulletin. 

National Research Council. 

Pan American Union. 

Science Service. 

Smithsonian Institution. 

Tropical Plant Research Foundation. 

United States Government. 

United States National Museum. 

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538 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 



William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, A. D. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

[Seal] Secretary of State. 


Secretary of State: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, 0. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 


George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 

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540 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 




Section 1. Members shall be of eleven classes. Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Benefactors, Fellows, Life Members, Non-Resident 
Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident Associate Life Members, 
Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of twenty dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said 
Corporate Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the 
annual meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Any person contributing the sum of Five Thousand Dollars 
($5,000.00) in cash or securities to the funds of the Museum, may be elected 
a Fellow of the Museum, who after being so elected shall have the right in 
perpetuity to appoint the successor in said Fellowship. 

Section 7. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum 
that are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum 
of one hundred dollars ($100.00), at any one time, shall upon the unanimous 
vote of the Board, become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be 
entitled to: tickets admitting member and members of family, including non- 
resident home guests; all publications of the Museum, if so desired; reserved 
seats for all lectures and entertainments under the auspices of the Museum, pro- 
\nded reservation is requested in advance; and admission of holder of member- 
ship and accompanying party to all special exhibits and Museum functions day 
or evening. Any person residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, 
paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, 
upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become a Non-Resident Associate Life 

Jan ive^ 


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542 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 



Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secre- 
tary and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, 
a majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among t'le members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers f hall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members 
of the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 



Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpor- 
ation except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due, and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to 
the joint order of the following officers, namely The President or one of the 
Vice-Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the 
Finance Committee of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund. 
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director 
and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director, 
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the 
absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice- 
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 


THE director 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its 
Committees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication be- 
tween the Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology and Zoology; each under the charge of a 

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544 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the 
Board, the expenditures as stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex-officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 


nominating committee 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Commit- 
tee, the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted 
at the ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual 
Meeting in January. 


Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
study collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture 
courses, and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting of the 
Board of Trustees by a two-thirds vote of all the members present, provided 
the amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 

Jam 109 AsHVAL Ksj\«t or nai Dmt 

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ll. A*« » -- V ,1^- I 

546 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 


Armour, Allison V. 

Borden, John 

Borland, Mrs. John Jay 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Crane 
Chalmers, W. J. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 


Crane, Richard T., Jr. 
Cummings, Mrs. Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Gaknbtt 

Eastman, Sidney C. 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Captain Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 

Keep, Chauncey 
Kelley, Willlam V. 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 
Kunz, George F. 

Langdon, Professor Stephen 

McCoRMiCK, Cyrus H. 
Markham, Charles H. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Stone, Melville E. 
Strawn, Silas H. 

White, Howard J. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 

Dbceasbd, 1928 

Blair, Watson F. 
Butler, Edward B. 

Da vies, D. C. 

Joi. IfQB AxNt ts. tUanm or nm 



u ••■• w . 

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Ik » t ». r ' I- ■ 

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!>«««» f 

548 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

eckhart, b. a. 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
EwiNG, Charles Hull 

Farnum, Henry W. 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farrington, Dr. Oliver C. 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Far WELL, Francis C. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Felt, Dorr E. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Ferguson, Louis A. 
Ferry, Mrs. Abby Farwell 
Field, Joseph Nash, II 
Field, Captain Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Mrs. Sara Carroll 
Field, Stanley 
Fleming, John C. 
FoRGAN, David R. 
Fyffe, Colin C. H. 

Gardner, Paul E. 
Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, a. F. 
Gartz, a. p., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Getz, George F. 
Glessner, John J. 


Goodman, Willlam O. 
Goodrich, A. W. 
GooDSPEED, Charles B. 
GowiNG, J. Parker 
Graham, Ernest R. 
Griffiths, John 
Griscom, Clement A. 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Haskell, Frederick T. 
Hastings, Samuel M. 
Hecht, Frank A., Jr. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hill, Louis W. 
HiNDE, Thomas W. 
Hinkley, James Otis 
Hippach, Louis A. 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 

Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hurley, Edward N. 

Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth Ayer 
Jones, Mrs. Arthur B. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 
Jones, Thomas D. 

Keep, Chauncey 
Keller, Theodore C. 
Kelley, Mrs. Daphne Field 
Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelley, William V. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, Francis 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 
Knickerbocker, Charles K. 
Kufpenheimer, Louis B. 

Lamont, Robert P, 

Landon, Mrs. Jessie Spalding 

(N. R.) 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, W. R. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lord, John B. 
Lowden, Frank O. 
Lytton, George 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacVelagh, Franklin 
Mark, Clayton 
Markham, Charles H. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Martin, William P., Sr. 
Mason, Willlam S. 
McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCoRMicK, Mrs. Edith 

McCormick, Harold F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McIlvaine, William B. 
McInnerney, Thomas H. 

Jam. ltt» 

imi or ma. Doukiimi 

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550 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Valentine, Louis L. 
Veatch, George L. 
Veknay, Arthuk S. (N. R.) 
ViLES, Lawrence M. 

Wacker, Charles H. 
Wanner, Harry C. 
Warner, Ezra Joseph 
Weber, David 
Welling, John P. 
Wetmore, Frank O. 
Wheeler, Charles P. 
White, F. Edson 
Whitney, Mrs. Julla L. 

Blackstone, Mrs. T. B. 
Blair, Watson F. 
Bradley, J. Dorr 
Butler, Edward B. 

Davies, D. C. 

Harvey, Ford F. (N. R.) 

Wickwire, Mrs. Edward L. 
WiEBOLDT, William A. 


WiLLiTS, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P., Jr. 
Wilson, Oliver T. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wilson, Walter H. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 

Yates, David M. 

Deceased, 1928 

Heyworth, James O. 
Hughitt, Marvin 

Kittle, CM. 

Manierre, Mrs. George 

Ryerson, Edward L. 


Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Abbott, Donald P., Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. R. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abrams, Professor Duff A. 
AcKERMAN, Charles N. 
Acomb, Jesse P. 
Adamick, Gustav H. 
Adams, Benjamin Stearns 
Adams, Joseph 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, William C. 
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie 
Addleman, Samuel W. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Max 
Abler, Mrs. Max 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Albee, Mrs. Harry W. 
Allbright, William B. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Alling, Mrs. C. A. 
Alling, Charles 
Alsberg, Lewis 

Alschuler, Alfred S. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Anderson, Arthur 
Andrews, Alfred B. 
Annan, Mrs. Miriam Ormsby 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, C. a. 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Arthur W. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Frank H. 
Arnold, William G. 
Ascher, Fred 


Ashenhurst, Harold S. 

ASHER, Louis E. 

Atwater, Walter Hull 

AuRELius, Mrs. Marcus A. 

Austin, Henry W. 

Austin, Dr. Margaret Howard 

Austrian, Alfred S. 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babson, Fred K. 


Jul 1»» 

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552 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Bosch, Mrs. Henry 

Both, William C. 

BoTTS, Graeme G. 

Bourne, Ralph H. 

BousA, Dr. B. 

BowEN, Mrs. Louise De Koven 

BowEY, Mrs. Charles F. 

BoYACK, Harry 

Boyd, Thomas M. 

Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 

Boyden, Miss Rosalie S. 

Boyden, Mrs. William C, Jr. 

BoYNTON, Mrs. C. T. 


Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie Blair 


Bramble, Delhi G. C. 

Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr. 

Brand, Mrs. Rudolph 

Brandes, a. G. 

Brandt, Charles H. 

Bransfield, John J. 

Brassert, Herman A. 

Brauer, Mrs. Paul 

Braun, Mrs. Martha E. 

Breckinridge, Professor s. P. 

Bremner, Mrs. David F. 

Brendecke, Miss June 

Brennan, Bernard G. 

Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 

Bridge, George S. 

Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 

Brigham, Miss F. M. 

Brock, A. J. 

Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. W. 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Charles A. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Dr. Edward M. 
Brown, George D. 
Brown, Mrs. George Dewes 
Brown, John T. 
Browne, Alois J. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
BuEHLER, Carl 

Buehler, H. L. 
BuBTTNER, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. M. A. 
BuHMANN, Gilbert G. 
Bullock, Carl C. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
BuRNHAM, Mrs. E. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
BuRRY, Mrs. Willum 
BusBY, Leonard A. 
Bush, David D. 
Bush, Mrs. Willlvm H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, Paul 
Butler, Rush C. 
BuTz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Robert O. 
BuTz, Theodore C. 
BuTzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
BuzzELL, Edgar A. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 

Cable, J. E. 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caldwell, C. D. 
Caldwell, J. T. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, John M. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George S. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, J. C. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Gary, Dr. Eugene 
Case, Elmer G. 
Casey, Mrs. James J. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 

JkM \9S Asm ii ItxxoBT or THr I>i- 



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Pa«ijb«*<l Mb*. B. C. 

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iosa Ik. 

554 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Dennehy, T. C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Dent, George C. 
Deutsch, Joseph 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
Deutsch, Samuel 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dewbs, Edwin P. 
Dewes, Rudolph Peter 
Dewey, Albert B., Sr. 
Dewey, Mrs. Albert B. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dillon, Hester May 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Dixon, William Warren 
DoBsoN, George 
Doctor, Isidor 
DoERiNG, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
DoETscH, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur, Sr. 
Donahue, William J. 
DoNLON, Mrs. S. E. 
Donnelley, Miss Eleanor 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelley, Mrs. R. R. 
Donnelly, Frank 
DoNOHUE, Edgar T. 
DouD, Mrs. Levi B. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
DuRAND, Scott S. 
DuRBiN, Fletcher M. 
Dux, Joseph G. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eastman, R. M. 
Ebeling, Frederic O. 
EcKHART, Percy B. 
Eckstein, H. G. 
Eckstein, Louis 
Eddy, Mrs. Arthur J. 

Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, W. B. 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
EiGER, Oscar S. 
Eiselen, Frederick Carl 


Eisendrath, Robert M. 


Elcock, Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Ellsworth, Mrs. E. 0. 
Elting, Philip L. F. 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Engwall, John F. 
Epstein, Max 
Ericson, Melvin B. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, H. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert De Wolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
EusTicE, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Hon. Evan A. 
Evans, Mrs. Albert Thomas 
Ewell, C. D. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Facet, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fahrenwald, Frank A. 
Fahrney, Ezra C. 
Fahrney, E. H. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farr, Newton Camp 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Sr. 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 

Jas. ItO 


fUorasT or •"■• ^ 

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556 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Goodman, Benedict K. 

Goodman, Mrs. Herbert E. 

Goodman, Jean Ellen 

Goodman, Mrs. Kenneth S. 

Goodman, Milton F. 

Goodman, Willlam E. 

Goodrow, Willum 

Goodspeed, Mrs. W. F. 

Goodwin, Hon. Clarence Norton 

Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 

Gorham, Sidney Smith 

Gorman, George E. 

Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 

Goss, Charles 0. 

Gottfried, C. M. 

gottschalk, gustav h. 

Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 

Grady, Dr. Grover Q. 

Graf, Robert J. 

Graff, Oscar G. 

Graham, Douglas 

Gramm, Mrs. Helen 

Granger, Alfred 

Grant, John G. 

Graves, Howard B. 

Green, Zola C. 

Grbenberg, Andrew H. 

Greene, Carl D. 

Greene, Charles F. 

Greenebaum, James E. 

Greenebaum, M. E. 

Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 

Greenlee, James A. 

Greensfelder, Dr. Louis A. 

Gregory, Clifford V. 

Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 

Gregory, Tappan 

Gregson, William L. 

Grey, Charles F. 

Grey, Dr. Dorothy 

Grey, Howard G. 

Grey, Walter Clark 

Griffith, Enoch L. 

Griffith, Mrs. William 

Griffiths, George W. 

Grimm, Walter H. 

Griswold, Harold T. 

Grizzard, James A. 

Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 

Gross, Mrs. Emily 

Grossman, Frank I. 

Grotowski, Dr. Leon 

Grulee, Lowry K. 

GuENZEL, Louis 

Gulbransen, Axel G. 

Gulick, John H. 
GuiTOLACH, Ernest T. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gwinn, Willlam R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Haas, Dr. Raoul 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise' 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Haggard, John D. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hall, David W. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Charles H. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Edward F. 
Hammitt, Miss Frances M. 
Hanley, Henry L. 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harbison, L. C. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, G. F. 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, H. B. 
Harris, Miss Martha E. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, William N. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwell, Fred G. 
Harvey. Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haugan, Charles M. 
Havens, Samuel M. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Healy, Mrs. Marquette A. 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Herman C. 

i . 

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558 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Jacobs, Hyman A. 

Jacobs, Siegfried T. 

Jaffray, Mrs. Davu) S., Jr. 

James, Edward P. 

James, William R. 

Janusch, Fred W. 

Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 

Jeffery, Mrs. Thojlas B. 

Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 

Jenks, R. William Shippen 

Jennings, Ode D. 

Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 

Jetzinger, David 

JiRKA, Dr. Frank J. 

JiRKA, Dr. Robert 

Johnsen, Charles 

Johnson, Albert M. 

Johnson, Alfred 

Johnson, Alvin O. 

Johnson, Arthur L. 

Johnson, Joseph F. 

Johnson, Olaf B. 

Johnson, Philip C. 

Johnson, Ulysses G. 

Johnston, Arthur C. 

Johnston, Edward R. 

Johnston, Mrs. Hubert McBean 

Johnstone, George A. 

Johnstone, Dr. Mary M. S. 

Jones, Albert G. 

Jones, Fred B. 

Jones, G. H. 

Jones, James B. 

Jones, Melvin 

Jones, Warren G. 

Joseph, Louis L. 

Joy, Guy A. 

Joyce, David G. 

Joyce, Joseph 

Judah, Noble Brandon 

Juergens, H. Paul 

Juergens, Wm. F. 

JuNKXTOC, Stephen 

Kahn, Gus 

Kahn, Louis 

Kaine, Colonel James B. 

Kalacinski, Mrs. Felix 

Kane, Jerome M. 

Kaplan, Nathan D. 

Karpen, Adolph 

Kaspar, Otto 

Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 

Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 

Kauffmann, Alfred 

Kavanagh, Maurice F. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keehn, Mrs. Theodore C. L. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Keeney, a. F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kellogg, Mrs. M. G. 
Kelly, James J. 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kempnbr, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kbndrick, John F. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Kern, Trlt)E 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kilbourne, L. B. 
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene Under- 
KiMBARK, John R. 
King, Lawrence F. 
Kinney, Mrs. Minnie B. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kircher, Rev. Julius 
Kirchheimer, Max 
Kirkland, Mrs. Weymouth 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Klee, Nathan 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Klink, a. F. 
Knutson, G. H. 
Koch, Paul W. 
KocHS, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
KoPF, William P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
KoTAL, John A. 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Krause, John J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. Herman L. 
Kretzinger, George W., Jr. 
Kroehl, Howard 

Jam. in» 

or VOL Datacnm 




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.«^ & 


560 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Magnus, August C. 
Magwire, Mks. Mary F. 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Mrs. Babette P. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Frederick 
Mandl, Sidney 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Mansure, Edmund L. 
Marhoefer, Edward H. 
Mariner, W. E. 
Mark, Anson 
Marquis, A. N. 
Mars, G. C. 

Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Masses, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Mauran, Charles S. 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
McAuLEY, John E. 
McBiRNEY, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McClellan, Dr. John H. 
McCluer, W. B. 
McCord, Downer 
McCoRMicK, Mrs. Alexander A. 
McCoRMicK, Mrs. Chauncey 
McCoRMiCK, Mrs. Cyrus, Jr. 
McCoRMiCK, Howard, H. 
McCoRMiCK, L. Hamilton 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCoRMicK, Robert H., Jr. 
McCracken, Miss Willietta 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDouGAL, Mrs. Robert 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McHugh, Mrs. Grover 
McIntosh, Arthur T. 
McKay, James M. 

McKeever, Buel 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McLennan, Mrs. John A. 
McMillan, Commander John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNuLTY, Joseph D. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melchione, Joseph 
Merrill, Henry S. 
Merrill, William W. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Metz, Dr. a. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Albert 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyer, E. F. 
Meyer, Oscar 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyercord, G. R. 
Milhening, Frank 
MiLHENiNG, Joseph 
Millard, Frank H. 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S. Jr. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Walter F. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Miner, Dr. Carl 
Miner, H. J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
moderwell, c. m. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
MoENG, Mrs. Edward D. 
Moffatt, Mrs. Elizabeth M. 
MoHR, Albert 
Mohr, Wm. J. 
Molloy, David J. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Moody, Mrs. Willum Vaughn 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 

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562 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Parker, Frank B. 

Parker, Troy L. 

Parker, Woodruff J. 

Parks, C. R. 

Paschen, Mrs. Annette A. 

Paschen, Mrs. Henry 

Patrick, Miss Catherine 

Patrick, Dr. Hugh T. 

Pauling, Edward G. 

Peabody, Howard B. 

Peabody, Stuyvesant 

Peabody, Miss Susan W. 

Peacock, Robert E. 

Peacock, Walter C. 

Pearse, Langdon 

Pearson, F. W. 

Pearson, George Albert, Jr. 

Pelley, John J. 

Peltier, M. F. 

Pen Dell, Charles W. 

Perkins, A. T. 

Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 

Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 

Perry, I. Newton 

Peterkin, Daniel 

Peters, Harry A. 

Petersen, Dr. William F. 

Peterson, Alexander B. 

Peterson, Jurgen 
Petru, E. J. 
Pflaum, a. J. 
Pflock, Dr. John J. 

Phemister, Dr. D. B. 

Phillip, Peter 

Phillips, Montagu Austin, (N.R.) 

PicHER, Mrs. Oliver S. 

Pick, Albert, Jr. 

Pick, George 

Pierce, Paul 

Piotrowski, Nicholas L. 

PiRiE, Mrs. John T. 

Platt, Henry Russell 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 

Pollock, Dr. Harry L. 

Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 

Pond, Irving K. 

Pool, Marvin B. 

Poole, Mrs. Frederick Arthur 

Poole, George A. 

Poor, Fred A. 

Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 

Pope, Frank 

Pope, Henry, Sk. 

Pope, Herbert 

Poppenhagen, Henry 

Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, James F. 
Post, Gordon W. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
pottenger, william a. 
Powell, Mrs. Ambrose V. 
Powell, Isaac N. 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Prussing, Mrs. George C. 
Pusey, Dr. William Allen 

Quigley, William J. 
Quinlan, Charles Shepard 
Quinlan, Dr. William W. 

Radau, Hugo 
Raftreb, Miss Julia M. 
Randall, Charles P. 
Randle, Hanson F. 
Raschke, Dr. E. H. 
Rasmussen, George 
Ray, Colonel Hal S. 
Reach, Benjamin 
Reade, Willl^m a. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redington, Mrs. W. H. 
Reed, Kersey Coates 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Rehm, Frank A. 
Rehm, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reed, Mrs. Bryan 
Reiter, Joseph J. 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, George L. 
Rice, Laurence A. 
Rich, Edward P. 
Richards, J. Deforest 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Richter, Bruno 
RicKETTS, C. Lindsay 
Riddle, Herbert H. 


Ridgway, William 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. J. H. 
Rieser, Mrs. Herman 


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564 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Shaw, Theodore A, 

Sheehy, Edward 

Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 

Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 

Sheridan, Albert D. 

Shields, James Culver 

Shillestad, John N. 

Shire, Moses E. 

Shockey, Mrs. Willis G. 

Shoup, a. D. 

Shumway, Mrs. Edward De Witt 

Shumway, p. R. 

Shutz, Albert E. 

Sigman, Leon 

Silander, a. I. 

Silberman, Charles 


Silberman, Hubert S. 

Silverthorne, Geo. M. 


Simonds, 0. C. 

Simonek, Dr. B. K. 

Sincere, Benjamin 

Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 

Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 

Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 

Smith, Franklin P. 

Smith, Harold Byron 

Smith, Jens 

Smith, Jesse E. 

Smith, Mrs. Katherine Walker 

Smith, Samuel K. 

Smith, Sidney 

Smith, Mrs. Theodore White 

Smith, Walter Byron 

Smith, Mrs. William A. 

Smith, Z. Erol 

Smullan, Alexander 

Snow, Edgar M. 

Socrates, Nicholas 

SoLEM, Dr. George 0. 


SoMMER, Adam 
Sonnenschein, Edward 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert 
SoPER, Henry M. 
SoRAviA, Joseph 
SoRENSEN, James 
Spindler, Oscar 
Spitz, Joel 
Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Springer, Mrs. Samuel 
Squires, John G. 
Stanton, Edgar 

Steepens, Ralph Sutherland 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Samuel M. 
Stein, Mrs. Setia H. 
Stein, William D. 
Stephens, W. C. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Maurice S. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Eugene M. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, James W. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevens, R. G. 
Stevens, Raymond W. 
Stevenson, Dr. Alexander F. 
Stevenson, E. 
Stewart, Miss Agnes N. 
Stewart, Miss Eglantine Daisy 
Stewart, James S. 
Stewart, Miss M. Graeme 
Strandberg, Erik P., Sr. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Straus, David 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Straus, S. J. T. 
Strauss, Henry X. 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strobel Charles L. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strong, Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Sturges, Hollister 
Sturges, Solomon 
Sturtevant, Henry D. 
Suekoff, Louis A. 
Sullivan, Hon. John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Swan, Oscar H. 
SwANSoN, Joseph E. 


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566 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Wedelstaedt, H. a. 
Weil, Isadore 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weissenbach, Mrs. Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Welcs, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 
Wentworth, Hunt 
Wentworth, Mrs. Moses J. 
Werner, Frank A. 
West, J. Roy 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Wettling, Louis E. 
Whealan, Emmett 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Harold F. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Robert 
Whitehousb, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, J. H. 
Whitlock, William A. 
WiBORG, Frank B. 
WiELAND, Charles J. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
WiLKiNs, George Lester 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Dr. A. Wilberforce 
Williams, Harry L. 
Williams, Lucian M. 
Williamson, George H. 

Willis, Paul Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Wilms, Herman P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lilllan M. 
Wilson, Mrs. Margaret H. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert Conover 
WiNANS, Frank F. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winterbotham, John H. 
Winters, Leander LeRoy 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. Francis M. 
WoLEY, Dr. Harry P. 
Wolf, Henry M. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolff, Louis 
Wood, John G. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woodward, C. H. 
Worcester, Mrs. Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
WoRMSER, Leo F. 
Worth, Miss Helen E. 
Worthy, Mrs. S. W. 
Wrenn, Mrs. Everts 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Mrs. Charles E. 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, Milton S. 

Zapel, Elmer 
Zeisler, Mrs. Erwin P. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmer, Mrs. Rudolph E. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
ZoRK, David 

Deceased, 1928 

Andrin, Miss Katherine L. 
Arnold, William G. 

Baird, Wyllys W. 

Beck, Mrs. Edward Scott 

Beil, Carl 

BuRLEY, Clarence A. 

Carr, Edmund S. 
Cody, Arthur B. 

Jan ISO 

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568 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Cohen, Benjamin 
Cohen, Louis 
compton, d. m. 
Connell, Phillip G. 
CooKE, Miss Flora 
CoYLE, Edwin L. 
Craigie, a. M. 
Cratty, Mrs. Josiah 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cronwall, Edward C. 
Crosby, Fred M. 
CuNEO, John F. 
Curtis, Austin Guthrie, Jr. 

Dalmar, Hugo 
Dana, W. D. 
Daniels, H. L. 
Danz, Charles A. 
Dauchy, Mrs. Samuel 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davies, Warren T. 
DeDardel, Carl 0. 
Degan, David 
DeLemon, H. R. 


DesIsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
DeWindt, Heyliger a. 
Dickinson, Augustus E. 
Dickinson, Theodore 
Dickinson, Mrs. W. Woodbridge 
Dodge, O. V. 
Doering, Walter C. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, Willlam A. 
DowDLE, John J. 
DuBOw, Jacob A. 


Duncan, Albert G. 
DuNER, Joseph A. 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dunn, W. Frank 
Dyche, William A. 

Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
EiTEL, Max 
Ellingsen, E. 
Elting, Howard 

Felsenthal, Edward George 
Feltman, Charles H. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Ferguson, William H. 

Fetcher, Edwin S. 
FiNNERUD, Dr. Clark W. 
Fisher, George P. 
Fisher, Hon. Harry M. 
Fisher, Walter L. 
Flateau, H. Pitts 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Fletcher, Mrs. R. V. 
Follansbee, Mitchell D. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forsyth, Mrs. Holmes 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Frank, Jerome N. 
French, Dudley K. 

Gallagher, Mrs. M. F. 

Gardner, Henry A. 

Garraway, S. G. 

Gear, H. B. 

Gilchrist, Mrs. Willum A. 

Gilmer, Dr. Thomas L. 

Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 

Glaser, Edward L. 

Glenn, Mrs. J. M. 

Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 

Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 

Goodwin, George S. 

Gordon, Leslie S. 

Grant, James D. 

Graver, James P. 

Gray, Rev. James M. 

Green, J. B. 

Greenebaum, Mrs. Henry E. 

Greenlee, Mrs. William Brooks 

Grotenhuis, Mrs. William J. 

Hagen, Fred J. 
Hajicek, Rudolph F. 
Hamilton, Thomas B. 
Hammond, Luther S., Jr. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanson, Mrs. Burton 
Hardy, Miss Marjorie 
Hart, Gilbert 
Hartmann, a. O. 
Hattstaedt, William O. J. 
Haugan, O. H. 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heinemann, Earl 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Henderson, Dr. Elmer E. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henry, Huntington B. 

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570 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Niemann, Fred W. 

O'Connor, Mrs. John R. 
O'Leary, John W. 
O'Neil, John P. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 

Pace, Anderson 
Packer, Charles Swasey 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. Ralph W. 
Parmelee, Dr. a. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Payne, Arthur W. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Pierce, Mrs. Frank E. 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Piszatowski, Edward B. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Plunkett, Willlam H. 
Pole, James S. 
Post, Frederick, Jr. 
Press, Mrs. Jacob H. 
Pritzker, I. L. 
Prothero, Dr. James H. 
Psota, Dr. Frank J. 
Puckey, F. W. 
purcell, j. d. 
PuRDY, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Randall, Irving 
Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rathje, William J. 
Rayner, Arnold P. 
Rea, Dr. Albertine L. 
Reinhardt, S. Louis, Jr. 
Rellihen, Edwin G. 
Rentner, Otto C. 
Rich, Elmer 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George 
Richardson, Guy A. 
RicKcoRDs, Francis 
RiES, Dr. Emil 
Rinder, E. W. 
Robbins, Henry S. 
RoBBiNS, Percy A. 
Roessler, Carl C. 

Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rothschild, Justin 
Routh, George D., Jr. 
Rutherford, John J. 
Ryerson, Donald M. 

Sampsell, Marshall E. 
Sargent, Mrs. George H. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Scheunemann, Robt. G. 
Schireson, Dr. Henry J. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schulze, Theodore G. 
ScRiBNER, Gilbert 
Seggerman, Mrs. Richard 
Shattuck, Walter F. 
Shaw, Andrew H. 
Sheldon, James M. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Simpson, C. G. 
Skooglund, David 
Smith, Walter Bourne 
Smithies, Dr. Frank 
Sonneveld, Jacob, Sr. 
Spalding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Sperling, Samuel 
Spielmann, Oscar P. 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Stevens, Charles R. 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Sutton, Harold I. 

Taylor, Charles Cortland 
Teninga, Cornelius 
Thompson, C. E. 
Thompson, Mrs. Charles M. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Tilden, Mrs. Edward 
TiLDEN, Louis Edward 
Timberlake, Mrs. Thomas M. 
Titzel, Dr. W. R. 
Toolen, Clarence A. 
Torbet, a. W. 
Trude, Hon. Daniel P. 
Tucker, S. A. 
Turner, Dr. B. S. 
Tuttle, F. B. 
Tyler, Byron 

Valentine, Stephen 
Vehon, Simon Henry 
Voss, Adolph G. Sr. 

Jan It^ 

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572 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Allen, Harry W. 
Allen, J. B. 
Allen, Mrs. J. W. 
Allen, John D. 
Allen, O. T. 
Allensworth, a. p. 
Allin, Miss Josephine T. 
Allison, Mrs. S. B. 
Allman, George D. 
Alsaker, Mrs. Alfred 
Alschuler, Hon. Samuel 
Alt, George E. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Altman, Robert M. 
Alton, Mrs. Jesse B. 
Amberg, J. Ward 
Amberg, Miss Mary Agnes 
Anderson, Mrs. A. S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, B. G. 
Anderson, Benjamin N. 
Anderson, Brooke 
Anderson, Rt. Rev. C. P. 
Anderson, David G. 
Anderson, Mrs. Edith L. 
Anderson, Mrs. Harry 
Anderson, John Arthur 
Anderson, Norman K. 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Dr. Benjamin F. 
Anheiser, Hugo 
Anoff, Isidor S. 
Anthony, Charles E. 
Anthony, Joseph R. 
Antonow, Samuel L. 
Antrim, Mrs. Elbert M. 
Arbuckle, Mrs. G. S. 
Arens, Dr. Robert A. 
Arms, Herbert C. 
Armstrong, Edward E. 
Armstrong, Mrs. H. W. 
Armstrong, Percy W. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Francis M. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Marshall 
Arquette, George L. 
Arthur, George E. 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J. 
Ascher, Nathan 
Ashby, D. E. 
Ashcraft, R. M. 
Asher, Max 
Asma, Dr. F. M. 

Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H. 
Atkinson, Mrs. A. L. C. 
Atkinson, Charles T. 
Atkinson, Roy R. 
Atwell, W. C. 
Atwood, Mrs. C. E. 
AuBLE, Wilson C. 


Austin, E. F. 
Austin, M. B. 
Austin, William B. 
Austrian, Mrs. Edwin 
AxELSON, Charles F. 
Axman, Samuel H. 

Babcock, Adolph 
Babcock, F. M. 
Babcock, Orville E. 
Babcock, William H. 
Bachmann, Dr. Iharrold A. 
Bachrach, I. 
Bacon, Asa 
Bacon, Dr. C. S. 
Bacon, Mrs. Edson C. 
Badenoch, David A. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Baer, Dr. Joseph L. 
Bagby, Mrs. C. B. 
Bailey, Dr. G. T. 
Bailey, W. H. 
Baird, Mrs. Edith G. 
Baker, C. M. 
Baker, Claude M. 
Baker, Mrs. Dora H. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, James Childs 
Baker, James R. 
Baker, Miss Julia A. 
Balaban, Mrs. A. J. 
Balch, Howard K. 
Balderston, Mrs. Stephen V. 
Baldwin, J. F. 
Baldwin, William 
Ball, Mrs. Godfrey H. 
Ball, John 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Baltz, Mrs. Phil G. 
Bangs, William D. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, Mrs. Edward H. 
Banks, Charles Ackert 
Banning, Samuel W. 
Barber, Mrs. F. L. 

Jam. 1«E9 


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574 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

BiSBEB, W. G. 

Bishop, Mrs. Alice M. 
Bishop, Mrs. Howard F. 
BissELL, Mrs. A. W. 
Black, Mrs. Herbert G. 
Black, Robert F. 
Black, W. J. 
Blackford, Wilbur F. 
Blackman, Herbert F. 
Blackwood, Mrs. A. E. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Thomas S., Jr. 
Blake, Mrs. F. B. 
Blake, Mrs. William H. 
Blakeley, John M. 
Blazon, John J. 
Blessing, Lewis G. 
Bliss, Charles F. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Dr. Louis H. 
Blocki, Mrs. Fred W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Blonder, Edward G. 
Blood, L. A. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon 
Bloomfield, Dr. James H. 
Bloomfield, Mrs. Leonard 
Blount, M. A. 
Blunt, Katharine 
BOBB, Dwight S. 
BoDMAN, Mrs. Edward W. 
Boehm, Bruno J. 
BoGAN, William J. 
BoHNER, William F. 
BoHNETT, Harry W. 
Bolitho, Mrs. William J. 
bollenbacher, john c. 
Bolles, C E. 
Bolt, M. C. 
BoLTEN, Paul H. 
Bolton, John F. 
Bone, A. R. 
BoNTHRON, Francis R. 
Bonner, Francis A. 
Boone, Arthur 
Boone, Charles Leveritt 
Boot, Dr. G. W. 
Booth, Mrs. George 
borcherding, e. p. 


BoRCHERT, Dr. Robert L. 
Borland, Mrs. Beatrice I. 
Borman, T. A. 

Born, Edgar R. 
Borough, Miss Mary G. 
Borsch, Mrs. Mary 
Bothman, Dr. L. 
Boucher, C. S. 
Bournique, Alvar L. 
BouRQUE, Dr. N. Odeon 
BowE, Augustine J. 
BowEN, Joseph T., Jr. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Mrs. E. B. 
Brach, Mrs. Edwin J. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. Christiana 
Bradford, Thomas H. 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Fred J. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Bradstreet, Percy W. 
Brandenburg, Mrs. O. H. 
Braschler, H. T. 
Braucher, Mrs. Ernest N. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Brauer, Mrs. Casper 
Braun, Arthur J. 
Brawley, Dr. Frank E. 
Breed, Frederick S. 
Breen, J. W. 
Brbnnbmann, Dr. Joseph 
Brenner, Mrs. Louis N. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brewer, Edward H. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brewster, William E. 
Breyer, Mrs. T. 
Briggs, a. G. 
Briggs, Carl R. 
Brin, Harry L. 
Brink, Mrs. E. S. 
Brinson, Mrs. Earl W. 
Briscoe, George L. 
Brister, Mrs. C. J. 
Bristol, James T. 
Broadice, Mrs. J. L. 
Brock, Mrs. Frank P. 
Brockett, Mrs. J. I. 
Brodkorb, William P. 
Brodsky, J. J. 
Brodt, Irwin W. 
Broeker, Mrs. Felix 
Bronson, Mrs. Mary Horton 
Brooks, Robert E. L. 
Brookes, Ralph W. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Broome, Mrs. Thornhill 
Broomell, Chester C. 

Jan. 11C9 








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576 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Carpenter, L. T. 
Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Carr, H. C. 
Carr, Dr. James G. 
Carroll, Michael A. 
Carteaux, Leon L. 
Carter, Allan J. 
Carter, C. B. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Carter, Frederick M. 
Carter, Mrs. J. B. 
Carter, Mrs. L. D. 
Cary, George B., Sr. 
Casavant, Gustav A. 
Case, Horace D. 
Casey, J. R. 
Casey, Thomas 
Cass, Mrs. Roy H. 
Cassaday, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Cassels, G. J. 
Cassidy, Willlam J. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, C. S. 
Castle, Sydney 
Caswell, Mrs. A. B. 
Caughlin, F. p. 
Cavenee, Mrs. C. M. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chalmers, Mrs. J. Y. 
Chamberlin, Mrs. Adele R. 
Chamberlin, George W. 
Chamblin, Mrs. William F. 
Chandler, C. F. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Frank R. 
Chapin, Rufus, F. 
Chapman, Mrs. Frank A. 
Chapman, William Gerard 
Chase, Mrs. Edward G. 
Chase, Miss Florence 
Chase, Mrs. Leona 
Chase, Miss Margaret 
Chase, Roy W. 
Chase, Samuel T. 
Chattin, William 
Chavis, Dr. Samuel W. 
Cheney, Henry D. 
Chester, H. H. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Childs, Lester C. 
Childs, Mrs. R. W. 
Childs, T. W. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 

Christie, Dr. Roy E. 
Christie, Sigurd A. 
Christofferson, Dr. E. A. 
Churan, Leo M. 
Church, Mrs. Emma 
Churchill, Richard S. 
Ciotola, Dr. E. 
Clancy, William L. 
Clare, Herbert O. 
Clark, C. P. 
Clark, H. K. 
Clark, Harry B. 
Clark, James D. 
Clark, Dr. Stanley W. 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Clarke, Frederick E. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clarke, Henry 
Clarke, Mrs. Henry S., Jr. 
Claussen, Edmund J. 
Clavby, F. B. 
Claypool, Glen F. 
Clayton, Benjamin W. 
Cleary, Charles H. 
Cleary, John J. 
Cleave, Mrs. Frances D. 
Clements, Miss Ellen N. 
Cleveland, A. F. 
Cleveland, Mrs. A. F. 
Clifford, Thomas R. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Cloney, T. W. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Cloyes, Willlam E. 
Cluff, Edwin E. 
Coburn, Alonzo J. 
Coburn, J. M. 
Cochran, J. L. 
Cochran, Mrs. J. L. 
Cochran, Miss Nellie 
Cochrane, Mrs. A. B. 
Cochrane, A. K. O. 
Cochrane, Mrs. Robert M. 
CoE, Prank Galt 
Coffin, Fred Y., Sr. 
Coffin, Mrs. Fred Y. 
Coffin, Percy B. 
Coffman, a. B. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Irving Leslie 
Cohen, Irwin 
CoHN, Charles 
COLBORN, Mrs. G. D. 
CoLBURN, Warren E. 
CoLDREN, Clifton C. 

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578 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Darling, Dr. U. G. 

Daughaday, C. Colton 

David, Sidney S. 

Davidonis, Dr. Alexander L. 

Davidson, Mrs. George M. 

Davidson, Julius 

Davidson, Lucius H. 

Davidson, Miss Mary E. 

Davidson, Morton S. 

Davie, George F. 

Davies, J. E. 

Da vies, Marshall 

Davies, P. W. 

Davies, William B. 

Davis, Colonel Alexander M. 

Davis, Dr. Amy Reams 

Davis, Arthur 

Davis, Erode B. 

Davis, Charles E. 

Davis, Don 

Davis, Dr. H. I. 

Davis, Mrs. Newton E. 

Davis, Paul H. 

Davis, W. Owen 

Day, Clyde L. 

Dean, Mrs. Ella Wood 

Dean, William D. 

Deason, Dr. Wilborn J. 

Decker, Mrs. Halford H. 

DeField, William R. 

Degenhardt, Dr. Edgar 

Delaney, John V. 

Delano, Horace H. 
Delany, Faustin S. 
DeLoach, R. J. H. 
DeLong, F. T. 
Delson, Louis J. 
Demaree, H. S. 
DeMuth, Mrs. Elizabeth S. 
Deneen, Robert J. 
Dengler, Albert C. 
Dent, Mrs. Louis L. 
DePeyster, F. a. 
Depue, Oscar B. 
DeSauty, Mrs. Sydney 
d'esposito, j. 
DeStefani, Tully 
Dbutschmann, Rudolph 
DeVries, George 
DeWolf, Mrs. John E., Sr. 
Dewson, Mrs. John R. 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Miss F. Louise 
Dickinson, Mrs. Charles F. 
Dickinson, Phil S. 

Dickinson, Robert B. 
DiENER, George W. 
DiGNAN, Frank W. 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 
Dilkes, Howard B. 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dingle, Frank E. 
Dingle, Mrs. John H. 
Dings, P. C. 
Dix, Herbert 
Dixon, Mrs. Arthur, III 
Dixon, Simeon W. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
DoERiNG, Mrs. Edmund J., Jr. 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Dolese, Peter 
Dolke, Mrs. W. Fred, Jr. 
Donkle, Mrs. L. B. 
Donnelly, Thorne 
Donnelley, Mrs. Thorne 
DooLEY, Mrs. Albert G. 
Dors, George B. 
DoRSEY, John T., Jr. 
Dowling, T. F. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Doyle, Edward V. 
Doyle, Leo J. 
Drake, Lyman M., Jr. 
Dreiske, George J. 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Drennan, John G. 
Dressel, Frederick C. 
Drews, William F. 
Drezmal, Max A. 
Driblsma, I. J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Drynan, Willlam G. 
DucE, Albert 
Dudley, W. W. 
DuGGAN, Mrs. Henry 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, W. S. 
DuNER, Dr. Clarence S. 
Dunham, Mrs. M. Keith 
Dltnham, Mrs. W. H. 
DuNLAP, George H. 
Dunlap, Mrs. Samuel A. 
DuNLAP, Mrs. T. M. 
Dunn, Edward J. 
Dunning, N. Max 
Dunscomb, George H. 
DuPEE, Eugene H. 
Dupuis, Miss J. L. 

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580 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Fisher, Mrs. Vories 

FiSKE, Kenneth B. 

Fitch, Thomas 

Fitzgerald, Dr. J. E. 

FiTZPATRicK, Miss Anna E. 

FiTZPATRiCK, Mrs. T. F. 

Flack, Thomas 

Flaherty, Joseph F. 

Flanigan, Arthur H. 

Fleming, Edward J. 

Plinn, Mrs. F. B. 

Flinn, James M. 

Floessler, Arthur M. 

Flynn, Maurice J. 

Fockler, L. H. 

Foley, Harry B. 

Foley, John M. 

FoLTZ, Harry G. 

Fones, James J. 

Ford, James S. 

Ford, T. A. 

Forgan, James B., Jr. 

Forrest, George D. 

Forsinger, Darwin A. 

FoRTELKA, Dr. Frank L. 

Fortune, John L. 

Fosburg, H. a. 

fosdick, k. i. 

Foster, Chauncey C. 
Foster, Mrs. Hiram E. 
Foster. Dr. Mabel G. 
Fowler, G. F. 
Fowler, Henry 
Fowler, Mrs. John W. 
Fox, Harvey 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Fox, Mrs. William W. 
Frame, C. L. 
Prank, Barney 
Frank, David 
Frank, Frederick W. 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Frankb, Dr. Fred C. 
Franke, Dr. Meta E. 
Frankenstein, Rudolph 
Franklin, M. E. 
Phaser, Joseph J. 
Fraser, N. D. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frederick, Mrs. Clarence L. 
Frederick, R. L. 
Freeman, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Freeman, Theodore F. 
Freeman, Victor E. 
Freeman, Walter W. 

Freeman, William A. 
Freer, Harry M. 
French, C. W. 
French, Mrs. L. B. 
Frenzel, Mrs. Henry 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Freund, Erwin 0. 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fried, Harry N. 
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton 
Frieder, Edward N. 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedman, I. S. 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
Friend, Herbert M. 
Friend, Oscar F. 
Friend, Mrs. R. O. 
Froehling, Arthur F. 
Fucik, E. J. 
Fullam, Charles J. 
Fuller, Dr. George Damon 
Fuller, Mrs. J. G. 
Funk, Mrs. C. S. 
Fyfe, James L. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabel, Walter H. 
Gaber, Benjamin 
Gabriel, Frank J. 
Gahagan, Dr. H. G. 
Gaither, Otho S. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, Frederick A. 
Galetti, Charles G. 
Gallagher, T. E. 
Gallagher, Dr. William J. 
Gallauer, C. 

Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
Gallup, Harold E. 
Gamble, James A. 
Gano, David R. 
Gans, Daniel 
Gans, Glenn R. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Gardner, Robert H. 
Garlick, Mrs. Adblla 
Garlick, R. C. 
Garner, F. J. 
Garvey, Mrs. W. H. 
Garrison, Bernard C. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gartside, John L. 
Garver, Jacob Marlowe 
Garvey, B. S. 
Gary, Dr. I. C. 

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582 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Griffin, Nicholas M. 

Griffith, Mrs. John L. 

Griffith, Mblvin L. 

Griffith, William C. 

Grimmer, Dr. A. H. 

Grimshaw, Norman R. 

Grinker, Dr. Roy R. 

Grinnell, Robert L. 

Griswold, Glenn 

Griswold, Roy C. 

Grochowski, G. S. 

Groebe, Louis G. 

Groenwald, Florian a. 

Gruenfeld, Adolph J. 

Grund, Harry T. 

Grunwald, Mrs. Emil G. 
Grut, Harry N. 

Gudeman, Dr. Edward 
Guettler, H. W. 
Guilllams, John R. 
GuiNAN, James J. 
Gullborg, John S. 
gullickson, rollo 
GuNKEL, George P. 
Gunnerman, Mrs. Louis H. 
Gunther, Samuel L. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Gusfield, Julien J. 
GusTAFsoN, Mrs. Andrew 
Guthrie, Miss Mary G. 
GuYTON, C. Ernest 
Gyberson, Miss Indiana 

Haas, Adolph R. 

Haas, George H. J. 

Haas, Samuel L. 

Haberkorn, Mrs. J. C. 

Hachmeister, Herman 

Hackett, Colonel Horatio B. 

Haedtler, Martin C. 

Haerther, Dr. a. G. 

Haerther, William W. 

Hagelin, E. 

Hagey, J, F, 

Hajek, Henry F. 

Halas, Andrew G. 

Hales, Edward M. 

Hales, Mrs. G. Willard 

Haley, Dr. c. O. 

Hall, Mrs. Albert L. 

Hall, Arthur B. 

Hall, Charles R. 

Hall, Edward B. 

Hall, George C. 

Hall, Henry C. 

Hall, J. Russell 

Hall, Mrs. J. S. 

Hall, Louis W. 

Hall, Mrs. Marian L. 

Hall, Robert W. 

Hallberg, Elmer W. 

Halsted, Mrs. A. E. 

Halsted, Miss A. W. 

Haltenhoff, W. C. 

Hambleton, C. J. 

Hambleton, Mrs. Earl L. 

Hamilton, Alex K. 

Hamilton, Edgar L. 

Hamilton, Hugo A. 

Hamilton, J. R. 

Hamilton, Robert J. 

Hammel, George E. 

Hammer, Thomas H. 

Hammers, M. J. 

Hammill, Miss Edith K. 

Hammond, Roy E. 

Hammond, William J. 

Hancock, Frank A. 
Hand, H. N. 
Hankins, Harry 
Hanley, Walter A. 
Hannaford, Miss Mildred L. 
Hannah, Alexander W. 
Hanover, William 
Hansen, Miss Alma C. 
Hansen, Edward C. 
Hanson, Harry E. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Harder, Miss Louise 
Harding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Harding, Captain Patrick J. 
Harding, S. Lawrence 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Harmon, Hubert R. 
Harmon, John H. 
Harner, George W. 
Harnick, Dr. Harry N. 
Harper, Samuel A. 
Harrigan, E. J. 
Harriman, Frank B., Sr. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, D. J. 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harris, J. Max 
Harris, W. H. 
Harris, Wallace R. 
Harris, William L. 
Harrison, Dr. Edwin M. 

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Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 


Hilton, Henry H. 

HiMAN, Charles 

Hinckley, Dr. D. H. 

Hinds, George T. 

Hinds, Joseph B. 

Hirsch, Martin 

Hiscox, Morton 

Hitchcock, R. M. 

HiTE, Harry A. 

HoAG, Dr. Junius C. 

Hoagland, Walter P. 

HocHE, Mrs. Edmond S. 

HoDEL, George 

HoDES, Dr. J. E. 

Hodgdon, William 

Hodge, Thomas P. 

HoEFER, Ernest 

HoELTER, Harry H. 

HOFF, C. W. 

Hoffman, Andrew 

Hoffman, G. T. 

Hoffman, John G. 
HoHMANN, Mrs. George 
Holabird, John A. 
HoLBRooK, Prank X. 
holden, c. r. 
Holden, Hale, Jr. 
HoLDOM, Hon. Jesse 
Hole, Perry L. 
Holland, Samuel H. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hollenbach, Charles H. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holloway, Harry C. 
HoLLOWAY, Owen B. 
hollowell, r. d. t. 
Holly, W. H. 
Holm, Gottfried 
Holman, Alfred J. 
Holman, Edward 
Holman, Scott A. 
Holmes, Dr. Bayard 
Holmes, Mrs. Edward S. 
Holmes, William 
Holmgren, Elmer N. 
Holran, Mrs. John Raymond 
Holt, James A. 
Holt, McPherson 

HoLzwoRTH, Christopher E. 
Homan, Miss Blossom 
HoNNOLD, Dr. Fred C. 
Hood, George A. 

HooGE, Dr. Ludwig P. 
Hoot, Miss Emily M. 
Hoover, George W. 
Hopkins, Alvah S. 
Hopkins, W. M. 
Horn, Albin O. 
Horn, Miss Daisy J. 
Horn, Mrs. J. M. 
Hornaday, Thomas P. 
Horner, Walter A. 
Hornstein, Leon 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
HoRTON, Ralph 
Horween, Isadore 
HoRwicH, Bernard 
HoRwiCH, Philip 


HosKEN, Charles L. 

HosKiNS, Mrs. E. L. 

hostetter, a. b. 

Hostetter, G. L. 

Houghteling, James L. 


HousER, Mrs. Agnes Ricks 

Howard, Dr. Richard H. 

Howe, Edward G. 

Howe, Mrs. Fanny J. 

Howe, Irwin M. 

HoYT, Dr. D. C. 

Hoyt, N. L., Jr. 

HoYT, William M., II 

Hrynieweicki, Dr. Stefan 

Hubbard, E. J. 

Hubbard, John M. 

Hubbard, William C. 

HuBBELL, Arthur C. 

Hubbell, William J. 
HuBER, Mrs. M. J. 
HuBER, Dr. Otto C. 
HucK, Carl M. 
Hudson, Edward J. 
HuEBNER, William G. 
Hufmeyer, Miss Isabella G. 
Hughes, Mrs. E. H. 
Hughes, Hubert Earl 
Hughes, P. A. 
Hughes, W. V. 

HuLBERT, Mrs. Charles Pratt 
Hull, Harry W. 
Hull, Irving W. 
Hull, Robert W. 
Hullhorst, Dr. Paul 
HuMiSTON, Dr. Charles E. 

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586 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Jones, Walter Clyde, Jr. 

JoosT, Mrs. William H. 

Jordan, Miss Irene C. 

Jordan, Gran E. 

Jorgensen, Emil O. 

Jorgeson, Charles M. 

Joseph, A. G. 

Joseph, Arthur W. 

Joseph, W. S. 

Joy, James A. 

Joyce, Marvin Bernard 

Joyce, Thomas F. 

Judah, Mrs. Noble Brandon 

Judd, Cecil W. 

Judd, Harry L. 

Judd, Mrs. Robert Augustine 

JuDSON, Clay 


JuDSON, Raymond T. 

JuERGENs, Miss Anna 

JuuEN, Victor R. 

Junker, Richard A. 

Kaempfbr, Fred 
Kaercher, Albert W. 
Kahn, Albert 
Kahn, David 
Kahn, I. W. 
Kahn, Mrs. Louis 
Kahn, Sidney H. 
Kahnweiler, Alexander 
Kaiser, Mrs. Sidney 
Kampp, J. P. 
Kanavel, Dr. Allen B. 
Kandle, Matt M. 
Kanies, Mrs. William F. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, M. V. 
Kanter, Miss Adele 
Kantrow, Leo S. 
Kaplan, Dr. Maurice I. 
Kapsa, Ladislav a. 
Karalius, Dr. a. J. 
Karpen, S. 

Kasch, Frederick M. 
Kasehagen, Fred W. 
Kaspar, Mrs. Eugene W. 
Katz, Mrs. S. 
Kaufman, Dr. Gustav L. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kaye, Joseph M. 
Keeler, Edwin R. 
Keeley, Mrs. Eugene M. 
Keene, William J. 
Keig, Marshall E. 

Kelley, Harper 
Kelley, Mrs. Harper 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, Leroy D. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, Mrs. George 
Kelly, Joseph J. 
Kemp, Philip G. 
Kemper, W. R. 
Kendrick, W. S. 
KiiNNEDY, Clarence C. 
Kennedy, James F. 
Kennedy, Ralph 
Kenny, Dr. Henry Randal 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Keplinger, W. a. 
Keppner, H. W. 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesler, Edward C. 
Keyes, Mrs. Rollin A. 
KiDWBLL, James E. 
Killinger, George F. 
Kimball, T. Weller 
King, Frank J. 
King, Frank O. 
King, Hoyt 
King, John B. 
Kinney, Dr. William B. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kipp, Charles P. 
KiRKLEY, James M. 
KiTCHELL, Howell W. 
KixMiller, Mrs. William 
Klein, Mrs. Alden J. 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, H. S. 
Klein, Michael B. 
Klein, Peter 
Kleinman, Alexander 
Klekamp, Benard R. 
Klenha, Joseph Z. 
Klenha, Mrs. Joseph Z. 
Kleppinger, Mrs. F. S. 
Kline, Louis A. 
Kline, R. R. 
Kline, William S. 
Kliner, John F. 
Kloster, Mrs. Asbjorn 
Klotz, Edward C. 
Knapp, Dr. Ernest L. 
Knight, Charles S. 
Knight, Charles Y. 
Knobbe, John W. 
Knode, Oliver M. 



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588 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Lazerson, Abraham 
Leach, George T. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavitt, Dr. Sheldon 
Lederer, Emil L. 
Lee, Carl 
Lee, Ernest E. 
Lee, J. Owen 
Lee, Mrs. Joseph Edgak 
Lee, Morris 
Lee, Mrs. W. George 
Leemon, Harry C. 
Lees, William 
Leete, Robert S. 
Leffel, p. C. 
Lehman, Robert L: 
Lehmpuhl, Herman F. 
Leicht, Mrs. Andrew E. 
Leichtman, Miss Bertha 
Leigh, Edward B. 
Leight, Edward A. 
Leman, Mrs. W. T. 
Lemon, Harvey B. 
Lenfestey, Mrs. J. R. 
Lennox, Edwin 
Lenz, Mrs. George 
Leo, Dr. J. E. 
Leonard, Mrs. William A. 
Leopold, Foreman N. 
Leopold, Harold E. 
Leopold, Mrs. Nathan F. 
LeSage, Rev. John J. 
Leslie, John Woodward 
Lester, Albert G. 
Levens, W. S. 
Levett, Dr. John 
Levey, Clarence J. 
Levi, Dr. Gerson B. 
Levi, Maurice 
Levin, I. Archer 
Levin, Louis 
Levine, William 
Levinkind, Morris 
Levinson, Dr. Benjamin 
Levinson, Salmon O. 
Levinstein, Emanuel H. 
Levis, John M. 
Levitan, Louis 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Harry H. 
Levy, Henry R. 
Lewis, J. Henry 
Lewis, Mrs. R. H. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
Leytze, Mrs. J. 

L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
L'Hommedieu, Clarence H. 
LiBONATi, Roland V. 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liddle, Charles A. 
LiDov, Mrs. Samuel J. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Lindburg, Mrs. Della M. 
Linden, John A. 


Lindsay, Willard C. 
Lindstrom, Miss Elizabeth 
Linker, Meyer 
LiNKMAN, Louis B. 
Linn, Erick N. 
LiPKiN, Maurice S. 
LiPMAN, Abraham 
LiPPERT, Aloysius C. 
LiPPERT, David 
LiPSEY, William J. 
List, Paulus 
Lister, Harold R. 
LiTHGOW, Charles H. 
Littell, C. Guy 
Little, Mrs. Charles D. 
Little, Charles G. 
Little, John G. 
Litzkow, Fred W. 
Llewellyn, Arthur J. 
Lloyd, A. E. 
LoBDELL, Harry H. 
LocHNER, Frederick H. 
Lockett, Oswald, Jr. 
Lodge, Fred S. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
LoEB, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Dr. Ludwig M. 
Loeb, Mrs. Nellie B. 
LoEBE, Abraham 
LoEHR, Karl C. 
LoEHwiNG, Marx 
LoEscH, Charles F. 
Loeser, Joseph A. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 


Loewenstein, Nathan 
Logan, Frank G. 
Logan, Frederic D. 
LoMAX, William L. 
London, Harry 
Long, Frank E. 
Lord, Robert O. 
LoRENZ, Frederick A. 
LoRENZ, Mrs. George W. 

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590 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

McClure, d. t. 
McCoNNELL, G. Malcolm 
McCoNNELL, John L. 
McCoNNELL, John W. 
McCoRMAC, David, Sr. 


McCoy, Charles S. 

McCready, Mrs. E. W. 

McDonald, Edward 

McDonald, Mrs. John Grant 

McDonald, L. 

McDonald, P. L. 

McDonald, W. B. 

McDougal, David B. 

McDowell, Miss Mary E. 

McFadden, Everett R. 

McFarland, Mrs. Ellis 

McGarry, John A. 

McGiNTY, Miss Alice L. 

McGoorty, Hon. J. P. 

McGouGH, S. P. 
McGrath, Dr. James G. 

McGregor, Jambs P. 

McKay, Harry H. 

McKay, Dr. N. B. 
McKee, Philip L. 
McKee, Mrs. William L. 
McKiBBiN, Mrs. George B. 
McKnight, William M. 
McLaughlin, Daniel F. 
McLaughlin, Frank L. 
McLaughlin, Dr. James H. 
McLaughlin, Dr. John W. 
McLaury, Mrs. C. W. 
McMahon, Mrs. John 
McManus, J. P. 
McManus, Thomas J. 
McNair, Frank 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNerny, Mathew F. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McQuarrie, Dr. John K. 
McShane, James E. 
Mead, E. Allen 
Mead, Henry C. A. 
Medbr, Mrs. Leonora Z. 
Meek, C. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Megaw, Lloyd F. 
Meginnis, Miss May 
Mehlhop, F. W. 
Meinhardt, Harry 
Melaven, J. G. 
Mellander, Paul C. 

Mengb, Dr. Frederick 
Mentzer, J. P. 
Mercil, Elmer J. 
Mershimer, Dr. James M. 
Metcoff, Dr. Samuel 
Mettler, Mrs. L. Harrison 
Meyer, Daniel A. 
Meyer, M. K. 
Meyer, Raymond N. 
Meyers, Mrs. Edward F. 
Meyers, Robert C. 
Michael, Emil P. 
Michablson, C. S. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Milchrist, Frank T. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, Charles J. 
Miller, Mrs. Charles P. 
Miller, Edward L. 
Miller, I. A. 

Miller, Mrs. Marshall D. 
Miller, Dr. William 
Miller, William S. 
Milligan, S. K. 
Mills, Mrs. Herbert S., Jr. 
Minsk, Dr. Louis D. 
Misch, Mrs. Harry N. 
MisKELLA, William J. 
Mitchell, Abraham 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Mitchell, Mrs. Frederick R. 
Mitchell, Dr. James Herbert 
Mitchell, Strattis 
MoDENE, Oscar F. 


Monaco, Dr. Donat F. 
Monilaw, Dr. William J. 
Montgomery, Dr. Albert H. 
Montgomery, Mrs. F. H. 
Montgomery, Frederick D. 
Montgomery, John R. 


Moore, Dr. Beveridgb H. 
Moore, Mrs. C. B. 
Moore, Charles Brearley 
Moore, Dr. Frank D. 
Moore, Frederick W. 
Moore, Mrs. George Page 
Moore, James H. 
Moore, Mrs. Mae C. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, North 
Moore, Dr. Wilus 
Moorman, Roy R. 

Jam. 1KS» 






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592 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

O'Bkien, Wilbur J. 
O'Bryant, Mrs. Mark 
O'Callaghan, Henry 
O'Connor, James R. 
O'Connor, Mrs. John 
O'Connor, Joseph W. 
O'DoNovAN, Daniel J. 
Ohnemus, Mrs. Anton 
O'Keepfe, p. J. 
Olafsson, Dr. 0. J. 
Oldfield, Dr. R. C. 
Olds, Milford H. 
Oleson, Dr. Richard Bartlett 
Oliphant, Melville J. 
Oliver, Royston 
Olmstead, Mrs. G. G. 
Olsen, John G. 
Olsen, Olap C. S. 
O'Neill, Dr. John W. 
Opdyke, Mrs. Russell H. 
Ordon, Dr. H. j. 
Ormsby, Mrs. Frank E. 
Orr, Mrs. William George D. 
Orrico, Joseph R. 
Orwig, Ralph F. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ostermann, Mrs. R. M. 
Otis, Miss M. E. 
Ott, John Nash 
Otte, Hugo E. 
Ottman, E. H. 
OuDiN, Ferdinand 

Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 

Paczynski, Mrs. Louis J. 

Paddock, Dr. Charles E. 

Palmer, Professor Claude Irwin 

Palmer, J. M. 

Palmer, Louis O. 

Palmer, Percival B. 

Palmer, P. B., Jr. 

Panesi, Stephen F. 

Pardee, Dr. L. C. 

Paris, W. M. 

Parker, Austin H. 

Parker, Mrs. E. Roscoe 

Parker, George S. 

Parker, Norman S. 

Parks, J. W. 

Parks, O. J. 

Parsons, Ferdinand H. 

Parsons, Mrs. Theodore Samuel 

Parsons, W. E. 

Patek, Edward J. 

Paterson, Morton L. 

Patterson, Ernest G. 
Patterson, J. H. 
Patterson, Miss Minnie L. 
Patton, Dr. Fred P. 
Patton, Walter I. 
Paulding, John 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Peacock, Charles A. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Peck, Mrs. Charles G. 
Peck, Colonel Robert G. 
Pebrling, Paul 
Peine, Adolphus G. 
Pencock, Mrs. George A. 
Pennington, Frank K. 
Pentecost, Lewis J. 
Percy, Dr. Nelson Mortimer 
Perry, Mrs. Leslie L. 
Perryman, Mrs. Hattie S. 
Peters, G. M. 
Petersen, Mrs. Julius A. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Mrs. Anna J. 
Peterson, J. E. 
Peterson, Percival C. 
Peterson, Theodore N. 
Peterson, William F. 
Peyraud, Mrs. Frank C. 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phelan, Charles 
Phelps, Mrs. Edward J. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phillips, Howard C. 
Pickard, Mrs. W. A. 
Pickel, William 
PicKELL, J. Ralph 
Pickrell, Harvey 
Pierce, Ralph S. 
Pierson, Arthur W. 
PiGALL, Mrs. Joseph S. 
Pine, William J. 
Place, F. E. 
Plamondon, Alfred D. 
Plath, Karl 

PoDELL, Mrs. Beatrice Hayes 
Poehlmann, August F. 
PoGUE, George N. 
PoLAKOw, Louis M. 
Pollak, C. J. 
PoLLENZ, Henry 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Christine 
Pond, Allen B. 
Pond, George F. 
Pope, S. Austin 
Poronto, Halsey E. 

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594 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Robinson, W. Scott 
RoBUCK, Dr. S. V. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
RocKwooD, Frederick T. 
RoDEN, Carl B. 
RoDEN, Miss Marion Louise 
RoEFEE, Henry A. 
Rogers, Dr. Daniel W. 
RoLLO, Egbert 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
RooDHOusE, Benjamin T. 
Rooney, Hon. John J. 
Root, John W. 
Rose, E. E. 
Rosen, M. R. 
RosENBAUM, Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Mrs. Edwin S. 
RosENBAUM, Julius 
Rosenberg, Bernhard 
rosenfeld, m. j. 
RosENFELs, Miss Edna D. 
RosENFELs, Irwin S. 
rosenfield, morris s. 
Rosenow, Milton C. 
RosENSTEiN, Joseph 
Rosenthal, Nathan H. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. Ralph J. 
Ross, Frank A. 
Ross, Dr. L. J. 
Ross, William A., Jr. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Roth, Henry 
Roth, Mrs. Lester 


Rountree, Lingard T. 
RoussiN, Alfred G. 
RowE, Charles B. 
Rowell, Dr. L. W. 
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 
Rubin, Joseph E. 
RuD, Mrs. Anthony 
Rudolph, Miss Bertha 
Ruettinger, J. C. 
Ruggles, Harry Kenneth 
Ruggles, Dr. William L. 
Russell, John A. 
Rutherford, M. D. 
Ryan, Thomas C. 

Sabath, Isidor 
Sabath, Hon. Joseph 
Sachs, Paul J. 
Sachs, Philip G. 

Sackett, Mrs. Homer S. 

Sackley, Mrs. John B. 

Sage, Mrs. Willlam 

Saunger, Harry 

Salk, Mrs. Jacob 

Salsman, Mrs. Alice K. 

Saltiel, Dr. Thomas P. 

Saltzstein, Felix C. 

Salzman, Max J. 

Sample, Mrs. John Glen 

Sampson, H. J. 

Sampson, James 

Sampson, Dr. S. 

Sandberg, Mrs. Harry S. 

Sandel, Mrs. S. 
Sanborn, Frank A. 
Sanders, H. A. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Sands, Mrs. Henry 
Sartain, Charles A. 
Saubk, Dr. Raymond J. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Percy G. 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sawyer, Edwin M. 
Sawyer, Mrs. Percy 
Schaar, Bernard E. 
Schafer, O. j. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Albert 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaffner, Herbert T. 
Schantz, O. M. 


Schaus, Carl J. 
Schiessle, M. 
Schilling, W. O. 
Schmidt, Adolph 
Schmidt, Ernest A. 
Schmidt, Ernest E. 
Schmidt, Dr. Herbert J. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Otto G. 
Schmidt, Dr. Otto L. 
Schmidt, Paul J. 
Schmidt, Richard E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, George A. 
Schniglau, Charles H. 
Schnuchel, Reinhold H. 
Schoen, F. j. 
Schoenbrun, Leo 
Schoening, Herman M. 
Schoepfle, Mrs. Martin 
SCHRAM, Harry S. 
Schroeder, Dr. Mary G. 


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596 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Smith, Paishe B. 

Smith, Reynolds S. 

Smith, S. W. 

Smith, Walter M. 

Smith, William D. 

Snow, Fred A. 

Snyder, Erwin P. 

Snyder, Thomas D. 

Soares, Professor Theodore G. 

SoLLE, Will H. 

SoLLiTT, Ralph T. 

somerville, thomas a. 

Sommer, Mrs. Alfred N. 

SoMMERS, Werner H. 

SoPER, Mrs. J. P., Jr. 

SoPER, Thomas 

Sorley, Mrs. Milford S. 

Spades, M. H. 

Speer, Henry D. 

Spensley, H. George 

Spiegel, M. J., Jr. 

Spiegel, Mrs. Mae 0. 

Spiegel, Philip 

Spibgler, Frank F. 

Spiesberger, H. T 

Spieth, W. S. 

Spitz, Leo 

Spivek, Herman 

Spohn, John F. 

Spohr, Frank M. 

Spry, George 

Stafford, Charles W. 

Staley, Miss Mary B. 

Stalla, Karl 

Stallwood, S. C. 

Stanton, C. N. 

Stanton, Dr. E. M. 

Stanton, Henry T. 

Stanton, Howard B. 

Starr, Dr. Paul 

Starrett, James W. 

Stearns, Fred 

Stecher, Walter R. 

Steele, Leo M. 

Steele, Sidney J. 

Steffensen, Sigurd 

Stein, Mrs. Adolph 

Stein, Dr. Otto J. 

Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 

Steinberg, Samuel E. 

Steiner, Max 

Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 

Steinhoff, Carroll F. 

Steinson, Henry G. 

Stenson, Frank R. 

Stephen, Edward I. 
Stephenson, Samuel G. 
Sterung, Douglas T. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Sternberg, Morris 
Stevens, Ernest 
Stevenson, James R. D. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, S. Chandler 
Stewart, William 
Stobbe, Paul D. 
Stockdale, E. C. 
Stockton, A. C. 
Stockton, Mrs. John Thaw 
Stockton, Miss Josephine 
Stoddart, Charles H. 
Stoelting, C. H. 
Stoll, Mrs. John O. 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Storms, Mrs. John D. 
Straten, Dr. Hubert J. 
Straus, Arthur W. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Edgar L. 
Strauss, Jesse L. 
Strauss, Joseph L. 
Strauss, Julius 
Strauss, Mrs. Lee J. 
Strawn, Taylor 
Street, Charles L. 
Street, Edward P. 
Strigl, F. C. 
Stringer, A. E. 
Stringer, John T. 
Strom, Arthur B. 
Strong, Gordon 
Strong, Dr. L. Willis 
Stuart, Alexander 
Stuart, Charles W. 
Stubenrauch, William F. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturm AN, M. Robert 
Sullivan, Charles H. 
Sublette, Mrs. Oscar H. 
Sullivan, Frank R. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Sullivan, Michael J. 
Sullivan, Mrs. Paul D. 
Sullivan, Mrs. Walter J. 
Sulzberger, S. L. 

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598 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

Vail, Mes. G. B. 
VanBuren, G. B. 
VanBuren, Mrs. Mildred 
Vance, Walter N. 
VanDellen, Dr. R. L. 
VanDeursen, John S. 
VanDort, G. Broes 
VanEsso, Mrs. Meyer A. 
VanHoosen, Dr. Bertha 
VanSchaick, Mrs. Ethel R. 
VanSchaick, Miss Mary Morris 
Varty, L. G. 
Vaughan, Roger T. 
Vaughn, A. M. 
Veatch, Byron E. 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Venard, Mrs. George C. 
VenDenBroecke, Mrs. Carl 
Vernon, Harvey C. 
ViCKERY, Miss Mabel S. 
Vilas, Mrs. George B. 
Vilas, Lawrence H. 
Vinton, Mrs. Gertrude J. 
VoGLESON, Mrs. E. M. 
VoLK, Carl B. 
VoLK, Paul 
Voltz, Daniel W. 
VooRHEES, James M. 

Wadsworth, Charles 
Wagner, Miss Coletta M. 
Wagner, Edwin L. 
Wagner, H. D. 
Wagner, Miss Mabel M. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Albert 
Waite, Mrs. C. B. 
Waite, Miss Muriel W. 
Walborn, Miss Zena 
Walcott, Mrs. R. S. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldo, Dr. Proctor C. 
Waldron, John C. 
Waldschmidt, William K. 
Walker, Barton F. 
Walker, Miss Edith M. 
Walker, James R. 
Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wallace, Mrs. David 
Waller, Miss Katherine 
Walsh, Martin 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walsh, Dr. Thomas F. P. 
Walsh, Dr. Thomas G. 
Walton, Dr. B. C. 

Walton, Lyman A. 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, Mrs. Frank 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. James Murray 
Washburne, Mrs. Hempstead 
Waters, R. T. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Jesse M. 
Watson, Leo M. 
Watson, R. G. 
Waugh, William Francis 
Weakly, F. B. 
Weary, Edwin D. 
Webb, Mrs. Martha 
Webb, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Weber, Dr. Samuel L. 
Webster, Charles R. 
Webster, Edgar Converse 
Webster, Dr. Edgar M. 
Webster, Towner K., Jr. 
Weddell, John 
Wegg, Donald R. 
Weichbrodt, Rudolph C. 
Weigen, Dr. Anders J. 
Weil, Mrs. Victor 
Weinberg, Jacob S. 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weintroub, Benjamin 
Weisbach, John G. 
Weisl, E. L. 
Weiss, Mrs. A. J. 
Weiss, Samuel H. 
Weissbrenner, Dr. R. F. 
Weisz, Mrs. Charles W. 
Welch, Dk. John T. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward Kenneth 
Wells, Dr. H. Gideon 
Went WORTH, John 
Wermuth, Dr. Arthur W. 
Wermuth, W. C. 
Wescott, Dr. Cassius D. 
West, Frederick T. 
Westbrook, Mrs. E. S. 
Westbrook, Ira E. 
Westman, Edward C. 
Weston, Charles V. 
Westphal, Miss Mary E. 
Westrich, Mrs. F. A. 
Whamond, Dr. Alex A. 
Whamond, Dr. Frederick G. 
Whatley, S. T. 
Wheeler, Seymour 
Wheelock, W. W. 

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600 Field Museum op Natural History— Reports, Vol. VII 

ZiFF, Peter 
Zimmerman, Ralph W. 
ZoELCK, Mrs. Frank 

ZOLLA, Abner M. 
ZoLLA, David M. 
Zucker, W. J. 

Deceased, 1928 

Adams, David T. 

Barnard, Harry 
Barnes, Carl L. 
Bettelheim, Bert 
BoviK, Mrs. Anna 
BuRNHAM, Claude G. 

Clark, Mancel T. 

Groome, Richard L. 
Guggenheim, S. 

Hughes, Dr. William T. 

Jones, John S. 
Jones, John H. 
Joseph, Morris 

Kinsey, Louis A. 
Klee, Max 

Lindheimer, Jacob 
Longhi, Emilio 

Manson, Mrs. David 
McCarthy, Frank M. 
MuLDOON, John A. 

Raymond, Mrs. James H. 
Rittenhouse, Mrs. Moses F. 
Roach, William J. 
RuD, Dr. Anthony 

Waller, A. Rawson 
Westerfield, Henry S. 


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602 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VII 

Plate Opposite 

No. Page 

Skull and Jaws of Young Male Mastodon XXXI 254 

Hippopotamus XXXII 259 

Sago Palm Fruits XXXIII 266 

Type ot Case Loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of 

Natural History XXXIV 275 

E.xhibit Illustrating Lightness of Metallic Beryllium XXXV 282 

Group of Olympic Elk or Wapiti XXXVI 291 

Hard Wood Portrait Statue of a Young Woman XXXVII 298 

Black Pepper XXXVIII 310 

Egg-laying Dinosaurs (Protoceraiops) XXXIX 326 

Excavating a Skeleton of the Great Ground Sloth XL 339 

American Gulls and Auks XLI 346 

The Late David C. Davies XLII 377 

Benefactors of Field Museum XLIII 392 

The South Half of Stanley Field Hall XLIV 396 

Portion of Built-in Case Containing Egyptian Coffins, Mum- 
mies and Burial Cloths XLV 404 

Pignut Hickory XLVI 412 

Mural Painting, Restoration of Horned and Carnivorous 

Dinosaurs {Triceratops and Tyrannosaurus) JCLVII 420 

Red Deer XLVIII 428 

Type of Case Loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of 

Natural History XLIX 436 

View of West Half of Hall G, Arthur B. Jones Collection. . . L 444 

American Mountain Sheep LI 452 

Mistletoe LII 460 

Archaic Jades, China LIII 468 

Mural Painting, Restoration of Giant Irish Deer (Cervus 

megaceros) LIV 476 

Group of Marco Polo's Sheep LV 484 

Type of Case Loaned to the Schools of Chicago by the N. W. 
Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum of 

Natural History LVI 492 

Cashew LVII 500 

Mural Painting, Restoration of Armored Dinosaur [Slego- 

saurus) LVIII 508 

Group of Mountain Nyala LIX 516 

Menangkabau Bride and Groom, Sumatra LX 524 

Skeleton of Extinct Crocodile-like Reptile (Steneosaurus) . . . LXI 532 

FlKI.!' M N \ \.\: !!l>TuKY 

Harotui Snuiat Vol. VIL Ma t 






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