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Full text of "Annual report of the Director to the Board of Trustees for the year ..."

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Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol, VIII, Plate I 




THE LATE CHAUNCEY KEEP 
A Trustee of the Museum from 1915 until his death on August 12, 1929 



Field Museum of Natural History 

Founded by Marshall Field, 1893 

Publication 271 
Report Series Vol. VIII, No. 1 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 
DIRECTOR 



TO THE 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



FOR THE YEAR 1929 




Wf f/P&^y 



*, 



JUNi 






4 7930 



FOUNDED BY MARSHALL FIELD 



ILj 



Chicago, U. S. A. 

January, 1930 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY FIELD MUSEUM PRESS 









ri 



i-3o 



BEQUESTS 

Bequests to Field Museum of Natural History may be made in 
securities, money, books or collections. They may, if desired, take 
the form of a memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the 
giver. For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, the 
following form is suggested: 

FORM OF BEQUEST 

I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of Natural 
History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, _ 



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Field 
Museum of Natural History to an amount not in excess of 
1 5 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as deduc- 
tions in computing net income under Article 251 of Regula- 
tion 69 relating to the income tax under the Revenue Act of 
li 



Endowments may be made to the Museum with the pro- 
vision that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or 
her lifetime. These annuities are tax-free and are guaranteed 
against fluctuation in amount. 



944027 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Board of Trustees 

Officers and Committees 7 

List of Staff 8 

Report of the Director H 

Lectures and Entertainments 32 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and 

Children's Lecture Division 34 

Nature Study Courses 39 

Lecture Tours for Adults 40 

Educational Meetings 41 

Radio Broadcasting 41 

Division of Publications 42 

Library 45 

Expeditions and Research 47 

Accessions 93 

Departmental Cataloguing, Inventorying and Labeling 124 

Installations and Rearrangements 128 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 155 

Art Research Classes 156 

Division of Public Relations 157 

Division of Printing 162 

Divisions of Photography, Roentgenology and Illustration 163 

Division of Memberships 165 

Cafeteria 166 

Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts 167 

Financial Statements 168 

List of Accessions 170 

Department of Anthropology 170 

Department of Botany 173 

Department of Geology 179 

Department of Zoology 183 

Raymond Division 186 

Division of Photography 186 

The Library 187 

Articles of Incorporation 199 

Amended By-Laws 201 

List of Benefactors, Honorary Members, and Patrons 206 

List of Corporate Members 207 

List of Life Members 208 

List of Associate Members 211 

List of Sustaining Members 231 

List of Annual Members 235 



6 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 






John Borden 
William J. Chalmers 
Richard T. Crane, Jr. 
Marshall Field 
Stanley Field 
Ernest R. Graham 
Albert W. Harris 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
William V. Kelley 
Charles H. Markham 

William 



Cyrus H. McCormick 
William H. Mitchell 
Frederick H. Rawson 
Martin A. Ryerson 
Fred W. Sargent 
Stephen C. Simms 
James Simpson 
Solomon A. Smith 
Albert A. Sprague 
Silas H. Strawn 
Wrigley, Jr. 



Deceased. 1929 

Chauncey Keep 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 



OFFICERS 

Stanley Field, President 

Martin A. Ryerson, First Vice-President 
Albert A. Sprague, Second Vice-President 
James Simpson, Third Vice-President 
Stephen C. Simms, Secretary 

Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 

COMMITTEES 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Stanley Field Albert A. Sprague 

Albert W. Harris Marshall Field 

William J. Chalmers John Borden 

James Simpson Silas H. Strawn 

finance committee 

Albert W. Harris *Chauncey Keep 

Martin A. Ryerson Solomon A. Smith 

Frederick H. Rawson 

building committee 

William J. Chalmers Albert A. Sprague 

Cyrus H. McCormick Ernest R. Graham 

William H. Mitchell 

auditing committee 

James Simpson Charles H. Markham 

Silas H. Strawn 

pension committee 

Albert A. Sprague Solomon A. Smith 

James Simpson 



•deceased 



8 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

LIST OF STAFF 

DIRECTOR 
Stephen C. Simms 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Berthold Laufer, Curator 

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology 

ASSISTANT CURATORS 

Albert B. Lewis, Melanesian Ethnology 

♦William D. Strong, North American Ethnology and Archaeology 

J. Eric Thompson, Central and South American Archaeology 

Paul S. Martin, North American Archaeology 

W. D. Hambly, African Ethnology 

Henry Field, Physical Anthropology 

T. George Allen, Egyptian Archaeology 

John G. Prasuhn, Modeler 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator 

Paul C. Standley, Associate Curator of the Herbarium 

J. Francis Macbride, Assistant Curator of Taxonomy 

James B. McNair, Assistant Curator of Economic Botany 

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Technology 

Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood Technology 

Carl Neuberth, Custodian of Herbarium 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

0. C. Farrington, Curator 

Henry W. Nichols, Associate Curator 

Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology 

Sharat K. Roy, Assistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator 

William J. Gerhard, Associate Curator of Insects 

C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator of Birds 

H. B. Conover, Associate in Ornithology 

assistant curators 
John T. Zimmer, Birds Karl P. Schmidt, Reptiles 

R. Magoon Barnes, Birds' Eggs Alfred C. Weed, Fishes 
Edmond N. Gueret, Vertebrate Skeletons 

Colin C. Sanborn, Assistant in Mammalogy 

Walter A. Weber, Assistant and Artist 

Dwight Davis, Assistant in Osteology 

taxidermists 
Julius Friesser C. J. Albrecht 

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters 

Arthur G. Rueckert Ashley Hine 

'resigned 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 9 

department of the n. w. harris public school extension 

Cleveland P. Grant, Acting Curator 
A. B. Wolcott, Assistant Curator 

THE LIBRARY 

Elsie Lippincott, Librarian 

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Assistant Librarian 

REGISTRAR AUDITOR 

Henry F. Ditzel Benjamin Bridge 

Clifford C. Gregg, Assistant to the Director 

RECORDER— IN CHARGE OF PUBLICATIONS 
Elsie H. Thomas 

PURCHASING AGENT 
J. L. Jones 

THE JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND PUBLIC 
SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURE DIVISION 

Margaret M. Cornell, Chief 

June Work Gordon S. Pearsall 

Franklin C. Potter * Margaret F. Pyatt 

Miriam Wood *Alfred L. Hertel 

*Mary Louise Smith 

DIVISION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS 
H. B. Harte, in charge 

DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS 
Pearle Bilinske, in charge 

DIVISION OF PRINTING 
U. A. Dohmen, in charge 

DIVISIONS OF PHOTOGRAPHY, ROENTGENOLOGY AND 

ILLUSTRATION 

C. H. Carpenter, Photographer Carl F. Gronemann, Artist 

A. A. Miller, Photogravurist Charles A. Corwin, Artist 

Anna Reginalda Bolan, Roentgenologist 

SUPERINTENDENT OF MAINTENANCE 
John E. Glynn 

CHIEF ENGINEER 

W. H. Corning 

William E. Lake, Assistant Engineer 

'RESIGNED 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR 

1929 

To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1929. 

It is most gratifying to be able to report an attendance for the 
year which breaks all records in the history of the Museum. The 
total number of visitors during 1929 was 1,168,430. This figure 
represents an increase of 144,803 over the attendance in 1928, and 
122,884 over 1927, the latter year's attendance having been the 
largest previously attained in the Museum's history. It is worthy 
of note, too, that the 1929 attendance marks the third successive 
year in which the number of visitors has exceeded one million. Such 
impressive and encouraging figures indicate a response on the part 
of the public to the Museum's activities which makes it certain that 
the institution is fulfilling its great mission of disseminating knowl- 
edge of the natural sciences on a broad scale. Attendance of this 
size is, further, a tribute to the farsightedness of the Founder of 
the Museum, and the many others through whose generous bene- 
factions it has been possible to carry on the work on an ever ex- 
panding scale. 

The highest attendance for any single day in the history of the 
Museum was also achieved during 1929, on Friday, May 24, when 
the Museum received 59,843 visitors. 

A large part of the increase in the Museum's endowment, and an 
increasing part of the institution's operating funds, are derived from 
the many contributions received in the form of memberships. 
Renewed expressions of gratitude therefore are due to the many 
persons who have evidenced their interest and good will in this 
manner. On December 31, 1929, the Museum had on its member- 
ship rolls 5,781 names, a number exceeding that of any previous year. 
As the increased attendance indicates a growing appreciation by the 
public of what the Museum is doing for it, the increased membership 
indicates a growing realization of the value and importance of the 
services rendered the public and a disposition to cooperate in pro- 
moting their success. Every membership represents a contribution 

11 



12 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

which is deeply appreciated by the administrative officials of the 
Museum. The lack of such support would cause a serious curtail- 
ment in the institution's work. 

In recognition of the extremely valuable and eminent services 
rendered the Museum by Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., and Mr. 
Cornelius Crane, the Trustees during 1929 voted to add their names 
to the list of Benefactors; and this has been done in accordance with 
the Trustees' order. 

In recognition of eminent services rendered to Science, the Board 
of Trustees elected the following persons as Honorary Members of 
the Museum: Mr. William V. Kelley, Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, 
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, and Mr. C. 
Suydam Cutting. 

In recognition of their eminent services to the Museum, the 
Trustees elected the following persons as Patrons of the Museum: 
Mrs. Stanley Field, Mrs. Evelyn Field, Mr. Samuel Insull, Mr. 
Arthur S. Vernay, Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe, Captain Harold 
A. White, Mr. Walter A. Strong, and Major John Coats. With 
regret it is recorded that, shortly after his election, Colonel Faun- 
thorpe died. 

The following were elected as Life Members of the Museum: 
Mr. Max Adler, Mr. Alfred S. Austrian, Miss Florence Dibell 
Bartlett, Mrs. Jacob Baur, Mr. Edward J. Bermingham, Mr. 
Chauncey B. Blair, Mr. Rush C. Butler, Mr. Wayne Chatfield- 
Taylor, Mr. James D. Cunningham, Mr. Charles G. Cushing, Mr. 
Henry M. Dawes, Mr. Rufus C. Dawes, Mr. Edward J. Doyle, 
Mr. Louis Eckstein, Mr. George B. Everitt, Mr. Calvin Fentress, 
Mr. Charles Fernald, Mr. Milton S. Florsheim, Mr. Huntly H. 
Gilbert, Mr. Charles F. Glore, Mrs. Ernest A. Hamill, Mr. William 
F. Hayes, Mr. Frank P. Hixon, Mr. James C. Hutchins, Mr. Martin 
J. Insull, Mr. Theodore E. Joiner, Mr. D. F. Kelly, Mr. William H. 
Kidston, Mr. Alexander Legge, Mrs. Albert F. Madlener, Mr. 
Eames MacVeagh, Mr. John E. MacLeish, Mrs. Cyrus McCormick, 
Jr., Mrs. Robert G. McGann, Mr. Carl Meyer, Mr. Walter P. 
Murphy, Mr. Stuyvesant Peabody, Mr. Robert H. Ripley, Mr. 
Charles W. Seabury, Mr. Vaughan C. Spalding, Mr. Eugene M. 
Stevens, Mr. H. L. Stuart, Mrs. Roger C. Sullivan, Mr. P. C. Ward, 
and Mr. Philip K. Wrigley. 

Mrs. Roger C. Sullivan, it is regretfully recorded, has died since 
her election. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 13 

A list of all classes of Members will be found at the end of this 
Report. 

Vacancies on the Board of Trustees were filled by the election 
of Mr. Fred W. Sargent, Mr. Samuel Insull, Jr., and Mr. William 
V. Kelley. Mr. George A. Richardson was elected as a Corporate 
Member, and at the December meeting of the Board of Trustees he 
was placed in nomination for a trusteeship, with final action sched- 
uled for the Annual Meeting to be held in January, 1930. 

The outstanding addition to the exhibits during the year was the 
Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man group, installed in Ernest R. 
Graham Hall of Historical Geology, which was completed and 
opened to the public on June 8. This life-size group, showing an 
entire family of Neanderthalers and a replica of a cave once actually 
occupied by these prehistoric people, is the only restoration of its 
kind in the world. It is a gift to the Museum from Mr. Ernest R. 
Graham, and is the work of Mr. Frederick Blaschke, sculptor, of 
Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York. Research and collecting of 
material for use in connection with it was performed by the Marshall 
Field Archaeological Expedition to Western Europe in 1927, under 
the leadership of Mr. Henry Field, Assistant Curator of Physical 
Anthropology. The group attracted a tremendous amount of atten- 
tion, and it is estimated that fully 400,000 Museum visitors have 
viewed it since it was placed on exhibition. The publicity in con- 
nection with it exceeded all precedents, photographs of it and arti- 
cles about it having appeared in newspapers and magazines all over 
the world. A complete description of the group will be found in 
this Report on page 143. 

A great many other new exhibits were placed on view during the 
year. A few of those which are especially interesting are as follows: 
six additions to the series of large mural paintings of prehistoric 
animals, presented by Mr. Graham and painted by Mr. Charles R. 
Knight, bringing the total now on the walls of Graham Hall to six- 
teen; a habitat group of Indian rhinoceros, the animals being repro- 
duced (by the cellulose-acetate method developed by Taxidermist 
Leon L. Walters) from specimens obtained by the James Simpson- 
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition of 1925-26; a group of Abyssinian 
dassies composed of specimens obtained by the Field Museum- 
Chicago Daily News Abyssinian Expedition of 1926-27; a model of 
an oil well; a 341^-carat aquamarine gem presented by Mr. Richard 
T. Crane, Jr. ; a specimen of the peculiar Guatemalan cow-tree pre- 
sented by the United Fruit Company as a result of a request from 



14 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Professor Samuel A. Record, Research Associate in Wood Tech- 
nology; a number of antiquities from Kish recently obtained by 
the Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Mesopo- 
tamia; a selection of the zoological specimens brought home by the 
Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition; and a life-size figure repre- 
senting a Dyak hunter of Borneo. 

In addition to the above, four new groups for the Hall of Amer- 
ican Mammal Habitat Groups were completed, to be opened to the 
public early in January, 1930. These consist of a group of polar 
bear, the specimens for which were presented by Mr. Frederick H. 
Rawson; a group of Alaska brown bear composed of specimens 
obtained in 1927 by the John Borden-Field Museum Alaska-Arctic 
Expedition and the Alexander H. Revell-Field Museum Alaska 
Expedition; a group of American bison composed of specimens pre- 
sented by the late Arthur B. Jones, and a group of musk-ox of the 
Hudson Bay variety (see page 151). The other new exhibits 
mentioned in the preceding paragraph are all described in detail 
in the section of this Report devoted to Installations and Re- 
arrangements, beginning on page 128. 

Much progress was made with reinstallations and improvements 
in many of the exhibition halls of the Museum, and with relabeling. 
Especially notable in this respect are the improvements made in 
Hall J (Egyptian archaeology), Hall 5 (Indians of the Great Plains), 
Hall D (African ethnology), the Madagascar collection in Hall E, 
the Arthur B. Jones Malaysian Collection in Hall G, Carl E. Akeley 
Memorial Hall (African mammals), Hall 21 (systematic bird collec- 
tions), Hall 25 (plant economics), Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (North 
American woods), Hall 34 (minerals, crystals, meteorites, physical 
geology), Clarence Buckingham Hall (physical geology, rocks, relief 
maps), and Hall 36 (petroleum, coal, clays, sands). 

Including parties engaged in domestic field work, the Museum 
had seventeen expeditions operating during 1929, and an eighteenth 
expedition got under way just as the year closed. Thirteen expedi- 
tions were at work in overseas territory or foreign waters ; four were 
engaged in work in North America. Full details concerning the 
personnel, and the work performed, of all the expeditions will be 
found in the section of this Report under the heading Expeditions 
and Research, beginning on page 47. The following is a brief 
summary: 

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia 
for Field Museum completed its work of more than a year's dura- 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 15 

tion with the return of the last member in December. The expedi- 
tion was eminently successful, bringing the Museum a total of 15,397 
zoological specimens, 2,400 sheets of botanical specimens, and a 
few ethnological items. Most remarkable was the success of Colonel 
Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. Kermit Roosevelt in obtaining near 
the Tibetan border a complete specimen, including skin, skull and 
skeleton, of the rare giant panda, the first such specimen ever 
brought out of Asia. The animal fell before the joint fire of their 
rifles, and is the first, so far as known, ever shot by a white man. 
Of the total specimens collected a large proportion was obtained 
by the second division which worked in French Indo-China under 
the leadership of Mr. Harold Coolidge, Jr., of Boston. Valuable 
assistance, which was most helpful and is highly appreciated, was 
rendered to the expedition by Mr. Jean Theodore Delacour of Seine- 
Inferieure, France; by His Royal Majesty, the King of Luang-Pro- 
bang; and by various military and civil officials of the government 
of French Indo-China. 

Likewise eminently successful was the Cornelius Crane Pacific 
Expedition of Field Museum, the members of which returned in 
September after nearly ten months of cruising and collecting among 
the islands of the South Pacific, aboard Mr. Crane's yacht, the 
Illyria. This expedition brought back approximately 18,000 zoologi- 
cal specimens, and also a few ethnological and geological speci- 
mens. A new species of rodent was discovered in the Galapagos 
Islands by this expedition. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator 
of Reptiles, was leader of the scientific party. 

The Frederick H. Rawson-Field Museum Ethnological Expedi- 
tion to West Africa completed its work in Angola (Portuguese West 
Africa) where extensive and valuable collections were made, and 
proceeded to Nigeria (British West Africa) where work was to be 
continued in the early part of 1930. Reports from the leader of the 
expedition, Mr. W. D. Hambly, Assistant Curator of African Eth- 
nology, indicate that intensive studies were made of many tribes 
encountered during more than 10,000 miles of travel in Africa. 
More than 1,200 artifacts were collected in Angola alone; and valu- 
able data, still and motion pictures, and dictaphone records were 
obtained for ethnological research purposes. 

The Chancellor-Stuart-Field Museum Expedition to the South 
Pacific obtained rare zoological specimens, among them two of the 
giant lizard of Komodo, Dutch East Indies, and two of the reticu- 
lated python of Borneo, largest reptile known to science. The 



16 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

expedition, sponsored and led by Mr. Philip M. Chancellor of Santa 
Barbara, California, is concluding its work and is expected home 
early in 1930. Mr. Norton Stuart, also of Santa Barbara, is co-leader. 
The Museum is greatly indebted to Mr. Chancellor for the interest in 
its work which led him to organize this expedition, which was entirely 
financed by him, and has resulted so splendidly. Mr. Chancellor has 
also kindly agreed to defray the cost of preparing some of the groups 
resulting from the expedition. 

One division of the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the 
Amazon is continuing work in Peru, where it probably will remain 
for several months of 1930. The main division, led by Dr. B. E. 
Dahlgren, Acting Curator of Botany, returned in the autumn of 
1929 with several thousand specimens of the native flora of Brazil. 

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to 
Mesopotamia completed its seventh season of excavations on the 
site of the ancient city of Kish, and will go into its eighth season of 
work during 1930. Field Museum's participation in this expedi- 
tion is sponsored by Mr. Marshall Field. Valuable collections and 
archaeological data of extreme importance resulted from the 1929 
work. Professor Stephen Langdon continued as director of the 
expedition and Mr. L. C. Watelin as field director. 

The Harold White -John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of Field 
Museum, sponsored and led by Captain Harold A. White of New York 
and Major John Coats of Ayrshire, Scotland, obtained specimens of 
various animals for a large water hole group, and valuable miscel- 
laneous collections. The water hole group will be one of the largest 
and finest ever attempted in the Museum, and the institution owe 
much gratitude to Captain White and Major Coats for their contri- 
butions of money, time and work in connection with this expedition. 
To Negus Tafari Makonnen of Abyssinia, whose hearty cooperation 
helped vitally to make the expedition a success, the Museum's 
thanks and appreciation are also due. 

The Thorne-Graves-Field Museum Arctic Expedition, spon- 
sored and led by Mr. Bruce Thorne of Chicago and Mr. George 
Coe Graves II of New York, obtained a number of fine specimens of 
walrus and of Alaska caribou for proposed habitat groups. Indica- 
tions are that the walrus specimens will make possible a remarkably 
lifelike group. This opportunity is taken to express the appreciation 
of the Museum to Messrs. Thorne and Graves for financing and 
undertaking this expedition. To them, and also to Mr. Henry Graves, 



Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate II 




THE LATE RUSSELL W. HENDEE 

A young mammalogist who gave his life for science in French Indo-China 

while a member of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition 

to Eastern Asia for Field Museum 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 17 

Jr., the Museum is further indebted for a gift of funds to cover the 
cost of preparing the group. 

The Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to British 
Honduras, led by Mr. J. Eric Thompson, Assistant Curator of 
Central and South American Archaeology, returned with important 
collections of Maya artifacts, and much valuable information, re- 
sulting from research, which will be used in Museum publications. 

The Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the 
Bahamas, working with special equipment for submarine explora- 
tion, obtained collections of undersea fauna and data for seven 
elaborate habitat groups to be constructed in the projected new 
Hall of Fishes. Mr. J. E. Williamson of New York was leader. 

Other expeditions and field work conducted during the year 
include the researches and photographing of botanical type speci- 
mens still in progress in Europe in charge of Mr. J. Francis Macbride 
of the Department of Botany, under an appropriation received from 
the Rockefeller Foundation; a botanical expedition in Peru in charge 
of Dr. August Weberbauer; an ornithological expedition to Arizona; 
a geological expedition to New Mexico which collected specimens 
representing the ancient extinct volcanoes of that state, and a 
zoological expedition in India. The last four were sponsored by 
Mr. Marshall Field, in addition to the other expeditions already 
alluded to which were made possible by the funds he provided. The 
zoological expedition in India was terminated by the unfortunate 
sudden death of its leader, Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe of Bombay. 
In addition to the preceding, parties from the Museum conducted 
paleontological field work in Indiana, and special work for the 
Department of Zoology in Canada. 

The eighteenth expedition to get under way is the Vernay-Lang 
Kalahari Expedition for Field Museum, which sailed for London on 
December 27, where final preparations will be made. Departure for 
Africa is scheduled for early in 1930. This expedition is financed by 
Mr. Arthur S. Vernay of New York and London, and he will be one 
of the joint leaders. Associated with him in the leadership will be 
Mr. Herbert Lang, who is recognized as one of the foremost authori- 
ties on African mammals. Other members will be Captain B. E. H. 
Clifford, Imperial Secretary at Pretoria, Transvaal, British South 
Africa; Mr. W. Rudyerd Boulton, ornithologist, and Mr. Allan 
Chapman. A number of rare animals not now represented in the 
Museum's collections will be sought. One of the chief objectives 
will be specimens for a group of the beautiful giant sable antelope of 



18 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Angola. This opportunity is taken to express the gratitude of the 
Museum to Mr. Vernay for organizing and conducting this im- 
portant expedition. 

A misfortune befell the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedi- 
tion to Eastern Asia, in the death of Mr. Russell W. Hendee, young 
mammalogist of Brooklyn, New York, who was a member of the 
division which worked in French Indo-China. He died on June 6 at 
Vientiane, a victim of a tropical fever contracted in the unheal thful 
interior of that country. His passing was a sad loss not only to his 
companions but also to Field Museum and all who are interested in 
zoological exploration. In this field he had won a place which gave 
promise of unusual accomplishment in the future. Although he had 
no connection with Field Museum before the expedition started, it 
had been agreed that he should join its permanent Staff on his 
return. This agreement had been based upon the reputation he had 
gained as a student and graduate of the University of Iowa, as a 
collector of exhibition material in the Arctic for the Colorado 
Museum, and as a resourceful traveler and collector of scientific 
material in South America for the British Museum. 

The reputation which gained a place for Mr. Hendee on the 
Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition was more than borne out by his work 
with the expedition. In a few short months he won the respect and 
affection of his colleagues to an unusual degree. The amount and 
the character of the material collected by him, the skill and dexterity 
evidenced by his preparations, the accuracy of his records, the vari- 
ety of his interests, and the unselfishness of his devotion to his 
responsibilities all served to demonstrate that he was a man of rare 
ability. Skilled and experienced as a naturalist and preparator, 
possessing abundant energy, having both artistic and literary gifts, 
educated in science and, withal, having a personal character sym- 
pathetic, generous, loyal, and unassuming, he offered that happy 
combination of qualities needed to make the highest type of museum 
worker. 

The Trustees of the Museum have authorized a pension of $5,000 
to Mr. Hendee's widow, to be paid at the rate of $1,000 per annum. 

Zoological, geological, and anthropological specimens were 
received by the Museum from the Central Asiatic Expedition of the 
American Museum of Natural History, in which Field Museum 
cooperated. Dr. Roy Chapman Andrews led this expedition. 

The Museum's operating deficit for the year 1929 was $108,274.25. 
During the year the Museum was the recipient of many benefactions, 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 19 

and it is fitting here to renew the expression of thanks to all who 
have made contributions in money and material. 

Acknowledgments of contributions of funds follow herewith: 
Mr. Frederick H. Rawson made gifts totaling $20,000. One of 
$10,000 was for the purpose of conducting an expedition to Angola 
and Nigeria, West Africa, to collect ethnological material and make 
ethnological studies among the natives, and the other, also of $10,000, 
is to be devoted toward the expense of preparing and installing the 
proposed Hall of Prehistoric Man which will contain several large 
groups and various related collections. 

Mr. Samuel Insull also made a gift of $10,000 towards the fund 
being accumulated for the proposed Hall of Prehistoric Man. 

Mr. Silas H. Strawn contributed the sum of $5,000, which 
amount has likewise been added to the fund for this hall. 

Mr. William J. Chalmers contributed $521 for the purchase of 
thirty-four specimens of minerals for the William J. Chalmers Crystal 
Collection. 

The late Mrs. Julius Rosenwald contributed, before her death, 
the sum of $50,000. Mrs. Rosenwald placed no restriction upon 
this gift, which has been designated as "The Mrs. Julius Rosenwald 
Fund," the income from which will be used for such purposes as the 
Board of Trustees may approve. 

Mrs. James Nelson Raymond made a further contribution of 
$3,000 towards the operating expenses of the James Nelson and 
Anna Louise Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture 
Division. 

Mr. Marshall Field contributed $165,567 during the year. Of 
this amount $100,000 represents his annual gift to the Museum, and 
$65,567 was given to pay part of the operating deficit of the Museum. 
Mr. Field also arranged to add $100,000 to his annual contribution 
for the year 1930 in order to take care of the anticipated deficit for 
that year, which will make his total contribution $200,000 for 
1930. 

President Stanley Field contributed a total of $110,079.50. This 
amount was given in four different contributions: one of $52,844.75 
was made towards the liquidation of the building fund deficit; one 
of $20,000 and another of $22,707.25 were made to cover part of the 
operating deficit of the Museum for the year 1929; and the fourth 
contribution, amounting to $14,527.50, was to cover the operating 



20 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

expenses of the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories 
during 1929. 

"A Friend of the Museum" contributed $12,500 for the Field 
Museum- Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas, to col- 
lect undersea material for marine life groups; to make photographs, 
sketches, and color notes, and to procure other data for portraying 
undersea scenes and life. This expedition was in operation during 
the spring and summer. 

Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., made a further contribution of 
$2,783 for the purchase of gem specimens for H. N. Higinbotham Hall. 

The American Friends of China made a further contribution of 
$577.50, representing one-half of the dues received by the society 
during the year 1929. 

Mr. Martin G. Schwab made a gift of $300 to be used towards 
the purchase of an imperial ceremonial silk robe from China. 

The late Mr. Chauncey Keep provided in his will a legacy of 
$50,000 for Field Museum. 

The late Katherine L. Andrin provided in her will a legacy of 
$5,000 for the Museum. 

The merits of a plan by which Field Museum would make 
photographs of more or less inaccessible type specimens of tropical 
and South American plants in foreign herbaria, and distribute copies 
of such photographs to herbaria of other institutions, were recog- 
nized, and the plan was endorsed by leading botanists. The project 
was then laid before the Rockefeller Foundation which generously 
appropriated $15,000 to cover the expenses of carrying it out during 
1929, 1930 and 1931, a contribution for which the Museum is deeply 
grateful. Under the provisions of this fund Assistant Curator 
J. Francis Macbride was sent to Berlin to make photographs of the 
many types of South American plants which are in the collections 
of the Botanical Garden and Museum of Berlin. Most encouraging 
reports as to the success of this work have been received from him. 
In connection with the same project, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Acting 
Curator of Botany, while in Brazil as leader of the Marshall Field 
Botanical Expedition to the Amazon, took the opportunity for 
making a large number of photographs of type specimens in institu- 
tions of that country. 

The South Park Commissioners turned over to the Museum 
$222,220.52, representing the amount due the Museum under the 
tax levy authorized for this purpose by the state legislature. Of 




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 21 

this amount, $72,220.52 was in cash payments made in the usual 
way by the Commissioners, and the balance of $150,000 was from 
the sale of tax anticipation warrants upon which the Museum will 
pay the interest until the warrants have been redeemed by actual 
tax payments. 

As has been the case every year since the Museum was founded, 
many friends of the institution have generously contributed material 
for the collections of the various Departments. Such gifts are 
deeply appreciated, as they help to make it possible for the Museum 
to expand its usefulness, and they indicate the constant active 
interest taken in the institution by its friends. Among outstanding 
gifts of this kind received during 1929 were two unique mortuary 
Chinese clay figures of horsewomen engaged in playing polo, pre- 
sented by Mr. Earle H. Reynolds of Chicago; three rare Chinese 
carvings presented by Dr. I. W. Drummond of New York; a Japanese 
wooden saddle, elegantly lacquered, given by Colonel A. A. Sprague; 
two bird paintings by the artist Fuertes, also presented by Colonel 
Sprague; three valuable specimens of cut gems presented by Mr. 
Richard T. Crane, Jr.; thirty-four specimens of crystals presented by 
Mr. William J. Chalmers for addition to the collection of crystals to 
which he has contributed year after year; forty-nine specimens of 
gems presented by Mrs. Joseph W. Work of Evanston, Illinois; 
important paleontological collections from Mr. and Mrs. William 
and Toodie Bower and Mr. Franklin Bower of Argos, Indiana, from 
Former Judge George Bedford of Morris, Illinois, and from Mr. 
Henry Gebauer of Chicago; specimens of a stoat and a wildcat pre- 
sented by Lord Astor of London; a sea-elephant skeleton given by 
Hagenbeck Brothers of Stellingen, Germany; two specimens of a 
very rare lizard from the Kalahari Desert presented by Dr. W. J. 
Cameron of Chicago; and a collection of old California Indian bas- 
kets, presented by Mr. Homer E. Sargent of Pasadena, California. 

In addition to the above, noteworthy collections and specimens 
for the various Departments were received as gifts from many 
other individuals and institutions, among whom are the following: 
Mr. Herbert J. Devine. New York; Mr. Julian Armstrong, Chicago; 
Mrs. John Alden Carpenter, Chicago; Mr. H. W. Seton-Karr, Lon- 
don; Oxford University; Mr. H. C. Benke, Chicago; the Garfield 
Park Conservatory; Yale University; Purdue University; Illinois 
State Museum; Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad; 
Standard Oil Company (Indiana) ; Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt, Stanley, 
Wisconsin; Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, Chicago; the General Bio- 



22 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

logical Supply House, Chicago; Mr. E. B. Williamson, Bluffton, 
Indiana; Dr. A. R. Emerson, Chicago; Mr. and Mrs. S. Yamagata, 
Chicago; Ichabod T. Williams and Sons, New York; the F. B. 
Williams Cypress Company, Patterson, Louisiana; the Pickrel 
Walnut Company, St. Louis; the Panhandle Lumber Company, Spirit 
Lake, Idaho; the American Walnut Manufacturers' Association 
Chicago, and the Ail-American Mohawk Radio Corporation, Chicago. 
These are but a few of the many contributors. A complete list of 
them and their gifts appears in the List of Accessions beginning 
on page 170, and detailed descriptions of the various gifts appear 
in the section of this Report under the heading Accessions, begin- 
ning on page 93. 

By bequest the Museum received the important private herba- 
rium of the late Robert Ridgway, of Olney, Illinois. Consisting of 
some 4,000 specimens, this collection is a valuable addition to the 
Museum's Illinois Herbarium. 

In addition to gifts and bequests, the Museum, as usual, added 
extensively to its collections through exchanges with other institu- 
tions, and through purchases. Details of such acquisitions will also 
be found in the section of this Report dealing with Accessions 
(page 93) and they are listed in the List of Accessions (page 170). 

The plans for the Hall of Prehistoric Man, material for which 
was collected by Assistant Curator Henry Field in Europe in 1927 
(see Annual Report for 1928, pages 423-425), were perfected, and 
a contract for the life-size groups has been made with Mr. Frederick 
Blaschke, the sculptor who accompanied Mr. Field on his expedi- 
tion to Europe. Mr. Blaschke is now at work on the groups in his 
studio at Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York. The object of this hall 
is to illustrate the development of prehistoric man of western 
Europe from earliest geologic times down to about 10,000 B.C. 
The hall will contain nine life-size groups, and seven cases devoted 
to casts of human remains and the contemporary fauna, as well 
as artifacts made by prehistoric man in flint and bone. 

During the summer, the Director, accompanied by Mr. Joseph N. 
Field, son of President Stanley Field, made a trip to all the principal 
countries of Europe, visiting the important museums for purposes 
of studying their methods, and for effecting contacts that would 
result in wider exchange relations between them and Field Museum. 

Towards the end of the year plans were completed for the 
publication by the Museum of a small monthly bulletin for Mem- 
bers, to be known as Field Museum News. Preparations were made 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 23 

to issue the first number in January, 1930. By this means it is 
believed the membership will be kept in constant closer touch with 
the activities of the Museum. The Director will be editor; the 
Curators will be contributing editors, and the managing editor will 
be Mr. H. B. Harte of the Division of Public Relations. The bulletin 
will be printed by the Museum's Division of Printing. 

An unprecedented number of publications was issued by the 
Museum during 1929, the speeding up of this work being made 
possible by the employment of seven additional printers, and operat- 
ing the Museum's printing plant on both day and night shifts. 

It is pleasing to record that Dr. Charles E. Hellmayr, Associate 
Curator of Birds, was awarded the Brewster Medal of the American 
Ornithologists' Union for his work in the continuation of the late 
Charles B. Cory's Birds of the Americas and for his list, Birds of 
Northeastern Brazil. 

Professor Roy L. Moodie of Santa Monica, California, was 
authorized by the Museum to prepare a study of the mummified 
animals of Egypt in Field Museum, for publication as an appendix 
to his general report on the Museum's mummies. This work is 
based on research conducted by means of the Museum's X-ray 
equipment, presented several years ago by President Stanley Field. 

An important contact with the public was made through a series 
of fourteen radio broadcastings about the Museum and its activities, 
given, one a week, by the Director, the Curators and other members 
of the scientific staff over the Prairie Farmer station, WLS, in 
cooperation with the Chicago Daily Journal. 

Groups of students heard lectures on prehistoric life by Mr. 
Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology, some of these 
being given in the exhibition halls, and some outside the Museum. 

Associate Curator of Geology Henry W. Nichols gave a brief 
lecture on local geology before the local section of the American 
Institute of Mining Engineers. 

Satisfactory progress has been made in the work of all Depart- 
ments and Divisions of the Museum during the year. All such 
activities as enlargement of collections, installations of new exhibits, 
reinstallations and improvements of older exhibits, improvement 
and enlargement of study collections and facilities, cataloguing, 
inventorying and labeling, scientific research into various subjects, 
and general public service in answering inquiries which come in on 



24 Field MrszuY of Xa-t.c Histof.y— Reports. Vol. VIII 

various subjects within the scope of the Museum, have been per- 
formed on a large scale. Details of all such work appear eisewhere 
in this Report. 

The educational activities of the Museum were conducted with 
gratifying success. The usual spring and autumn courses of free 
illustrated lectures on science and travel by eminent explorers and 
scientists were given for the general public in the James Simpson 
Theatre of the Museum, and also a series of special lectures for 
Members. These were well attended, as shown in a subsequent 
section of this Report (page 32). 

The Department of the X. W. Harris Public Szhool Extension 
continued its work of circulating traveling cases containing nararal 
history and economic exhibits among the schools of Chicago. As 
has been the case each year since this Department was organize 1 
the number of cases in use and the number of schools and other 
centers served have been increased to a noteworthy degree (see 
page 15-5 . 

The Jarre; '1 "e.son and Anna Louise Raymond Puh B : School and 
Children's Lecture Division of the Museum conducted its various 
activities with the same gratifying response on the part of children, 
school authorities and teachers, which they have been accorded 
in other years. These activities include the sending of extension 
lecturers with lantern slides to the schools; the presentation of series 
of free motion picture and other educational entertainments :or 
children in the James Simpson Theatre during the spring, summer 
and autumn; conducting of tours of the exhibits for groups of chil- 
dren, and other activities treated at length in another section o: this 
Report devoted particularly to this Division (page 34). 

The guide-lecture tours for adults conducted twice daily, except 
on Saturdays and Sundays, were continued throughout the year 
with notable success in the number of persons participating and the 
wide variety of subjects covered. As in the past special service of 
this type for groups requesting it, as well as the regular public 
service, was made available. 

The Library of the Museum has seen an expansion in the collec- 
tions of important and valuable reference works on its shelves, and 
its services both to the Staff of the Museum and to the general 
public have continued to be fruitful (see page 45). 

Much important work has been accomplished in such Divisions 
of the Museum as Public Relations, Printing, Photography. Roent- 



Jan. 1930 An~>tual Report of the Direct 

genology, Dlustratiori and Memberships. Detailed accounts of the 
work of all these, as wed aa of the previously mentioned Depart- 
ments and Divisions, wiii be found in various other sections :: this 
Report. 

In the death of Mr. Chauncey Keep, a member of the Board of 
Trustees, on August 12. 1929. the Museum suffered a serious los.s. 
Mr. Keep had been a Trustee since 1915. He was also an Honorary 
Member, a Con: orate Member and a Life Member. In tribute to 
his memory the Board of Trustees adopted the following resolution 
on September 16: 

"The Board of Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History 
pauses to do homage to the memory of Mr. Chauncey Keep, whose 
death on August 12. 1929. at the age of seventy-six years, removed 
from its membership one whose valuable and mem arable service had 
made him an outstanding character in the industrial and financial 
life of Chicago. 

"Mr. Keep became a member of the Board in Idle and served 
as a member of the Finance Committee. Thus for the past fourteen 
years he has been intimate.;." associated with the development of 
the Museum. Possessed of a clear and comprehensive intellect. 
his counsel and aid were of incalculable service to this institution. 

"Mr. Keep had a charm and a kindly manner, as well as a vigorous 
personality, which endeared him bo all with whom he came in 
contact. His interest in the welfare and mission of Field Museum 
of Natural History was manifested not only by his labors for it. 

which continued during his long illness, but by generous gifts to H 
during his life and by a bequest of $50. 000 at the time of his death. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our admiration 
and esteem for Mr. Keep, and our grief at his passing and the loss 
of his counsel and companionship be preserved on the permanent 
records of the Board. 

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be ::weyed 
to the members of his family in their bereavement and that a copy 
of this resolution be sent to his widow."* 

There were a number of changes in the Museum Stan during the 
year by resignations and new appointments. Also, creation of a 
number of new positions made necessary a number of additions t? 
the personnel. 

Dr. William D. Strong resigned his post as Assistant Curator of 
North American Ethnology and Archaeology. Dr. Paul S. Martin. 



26 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

formerly of the staff of the Public Museum, Milwaukee, and the 
Colorado State Museum, Denver, was appointed Assistant Curator 
of North American Archaeology. 

Mr. Walter A. Weber, who accompanied the Cornelius Crane 
Pacific Expedition as artist and ornithologist, upon his return was 
appointed as Artist and Assistant in the Department of Zoology. 
Mr. Dwight Davis was appointed as an Assistant in Osteology. 

Mrs. Margaret F. Pyatt, Chief of the Raymond Division Staff, 
resigned, and Miss Margaret M. Cornell, her senior assistant, was 
promoted to fill the position. Miss Miriam Wood and Mr. Gordon 
S. Pearsall are new guide-lecturers appointed during the year. Miss 
Mary Louise Smith was also appointed as a guide-lecturer, but 
resigned shortly, due to ill health. Mr. Alfred L. Hertel, guide- 
lecturer, severed his connection with the Museum. 

Mr. Douglas W. Gibson, purchasing agent, resigned, and his 
place was filled by the appointment of Mr. J. L. Jones. 

Mr. Lorenz Risili was employed for work in the Stanley Field 
Plant Reproduction Laboratories, and Mr. Philip C. Orr and Mr. 
Sven Dorf were employed as preparators in vertebrate paleontology. 

Mr. Thurston Wright, assistant bird taxidermist, resigned, and 
his place was filled by the appointment of Mr. John W. Moyer. 
Mr. Klaus Abegg was employed as a taxidermist's assistant. 

In the Division of Printing, a proofreader, a pressman, a makeup 
man, compositors, and one bindery girl were added to the working 
force. This increased personnel has made possible more efficient 
work, and has enabled publications and exhibition labels to be 
printed which had previously been delayed because of insufficient 
help. 

Mr. G. S. Wittrock was given a temporary appointment to per- 
form the work of the Custodian of the Herbarium during the absence, 
due to ill health, of the regular Custodian, Mr. Carl Neuberth. 

Volunteer services without pay were rendered in the Department 
of Zoology by Mr. Daniel Clark and Mr. G. C. Hixon. 

The title of Mr. Clifford C. Gregg was changed from General 
Assistant to Assistant to the Director. 

Second Sergeant of the Guards Charles Kuhn was placed on the 
Museum's pension payroll, following his retirement from active 
duty after nearly thirty-six years' service. 

Following the death of Mr. Joseph Schmitz, monotype operator 
in the Division of Printing, the sum of $3,000, representing insurance 
under the Museum Pension Fund, was paid to his widow. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 27 

The newspapers, as in past years, have accorded the Museum 
wholehearted cooperation in its publicity campaign carried on for 
the information of the public and to attract visitors to the institu- 
tion. Not only the press of Chicago, but newspapers and press 
associations all over the country have devoted more space to 
Museum activities than ever before. Outstanding news and photo- 
graphs from the Museum were given international circulation also. 

As in the past the Museum has been fortunate in having various 
powerful advertising media opened to it without charge. It has been 
advertised in posters displayed by local transportation companies, 
by using space given in theatre and opera programs, and by the 
distribution of Museum direction folders by railroads and other 
transportation companies, hotels, civic associations, and other organ- 
izations. 

Grateful acknowledgment is hereby extended to those in charge 
of the various enterprises which have thus given generous assistance 
in promoting public interest in the Museum. The details of adver- 
tising and publicity are to be found in this Report under the heading 
Division of Public Relations (page 157). 

Much of the material comprising the transportation exhibits, 
formerly shown in Field Museum when it was located in Jackson 
Park, was this year turned over to the new Museum of Science 
and Industry, founded by Julius Rosenwald. This material had 
never been exhibited in the present building, due to the limitation 
of Field Museum's scope to the natural sciences. Practically all 
of the transportation material is involved in the transfer to the 
Museum of Science and Industry. It will form the nucleus of an 
instructive and interesting exhibit in the new museum, and its 
removal from Field Museum has made available a large amount 
of additional space excellently adaptable for exhibition purposes. 

A large number of publications, which are duplicates of ones on 
the shelves of Field Museum's Library, or are for other reasons no 
longer useful to this Museum, were distributed to other institutions 
to which they would prove valuable. Among such institutions are 
the Museum of Science and Industry, the Shedd Aquarium, and the 
University of Chicago. Still other such material was redistributed 
to the institutions from which it was originally obtained. 

Early in the year it was decided to insure the Museum building 
against fire, and its contents against loss or damage by fire, water 
or theft. The insurance firm of Marsh and McLennan was employed 



28 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

to inspect the premises and make recommendations. In order to 
obtain the lowest possible rate of insurance the Museum carried out 
certain recommendations made by the engineers of that firm after 
they had completed a most thorough examination of the building, 
and had made a study of the institution's operating requirements 
and the practices involved in carrying them on. These recommen- 
dations were followed at a total expense of $7,433.06, and the 
Museum agreed to replace gradually all wooden shelving and cab- 
inets of wood with others of fireproof materials. A thorough house 
cleaning of accumulated hazardous material was made. There were 
installed in various parts of the building forty-four watchmen's 
patrol service stations, a fire alarm system consisting of fifteen sta- 
tions, two annunciator gongs, forty-five chemical fire extinguishers, 
and sprinkler systems for the pressroom of the Division of Printing, 
and for the paint and carpenter shops. Fireproof doors with 
approved closures were installed in the pressroom, paint, carpenter 
and electrician's shops. A fireproof partition with approved gravity 
sliding door was built around the woodworking machinery in Room 
38 (workshop of Department of Anthropology) on the third floor. 
A vault for storing supplies of a hazardous nature used in taxidermy 
was built on the fourth floor. A total of approximately 7,800 feet 
of fire hose was purchased and connected with fifty-three risers. 

Insurance for $5,000,000 on the building, and $2,500,000 on its 
contents, was placed. While it is impossible to determine the actual 
value of the contents, an estimate of $50,000,000 would not seem 
too high. The actual value of the building would be approximately 
$7,000,000. However, the amount of insurance placed seems to be 
adequate to assure a proper measure of protection against what 
seems the most likely maximum of hazard. 

Maintenance and improvement in the Museum received their 
proper attention during the year. The growing needs of the institu- 
tion, requiring, as they do, frequent extensive improvements and 
additions to keep pace with the increasing demands of the Depart- 
ments, are an indicator of the rapid and constant development of 
the Museum. More and more each year the Museum is becoming 
better equipped to perform all of its necessary labor, including not 
only that for technical and scientific purposes, but that for ordinary 
maintenance work as well. 

Among the improvements may be mentioned the construction 
of six built-in cases in Ernest R. Graham Hall of Historical Geology. 
These were built to house the following groups: Neanderthal Man 




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 29 

(already installed), Titanotheres, Mesohippus, restoration of a Car- 
boniferous forest, Cambrian sea life, and Ordovician sea life. 

Construction of a case 43' 6" wide, 21' 11" deep and 22' high 
was nearly completed at the south end of Carl E. Akeley Memorial 
Hall. This case will be devoted to the group of African animals at 
a water hole to be prepared from specimens obtained by the Harold 
White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition. 

Nineteen large cases and three small ones in Akeley Hall, con- 
taining African mammal habitat groups, were remodeled and fitted 
with back panels of light color, and with transoms and illuminat- 
ing hoods for individual lighting. These cases were regrouped and 
backed to the walls, thus creating a much wider central aisle in the 
hall. 

By remodeling twelve A-shaped cases in Albert W. Harris Hall 
to a uniform height and fitting new tops to them, provision was 
made for a very satisfactory installation of reptiles. 

Thirty-seven floor cases have been provided for the reinstallation 
of certain Egyptological material in Hall J. Of these, twenty-one 
are remodeled old cases, and the balance new. Each is equipped with 
a specially designed top for individual lighting. 

An individually lighted wall case more than twenty-five feet 
long, about four feet high, and one foot deep was made in the 
Museum shops for installation of the Egyptian papyri. 

Two cases, one for reinstallation of the reproduction of a pine- 
apple plant and the other for exhibiting a fruit cluster of the sago 
palm, were purchased. 

A case, 108 feet long and two and one-half feet deep, was built 
and installed on the south wall of Hall J (Egyptian archaeology). 
It will be used for the exhibition of Coptic textiles. Illumination is 
provided within the case, but entirely outside the range of vision. 

The case, which for many years has contained a large ancient 
Egyptian boat, was remodeled and furnished with means for lighting 
its interior. 

Special lights were installed for stair lighting at the west entrance 
leading to the James Simpson Theatre. 

Following out the line of improvement begun a little more than 
a year ago of constructing steel and plaster partitions between the 
zoological exhibition halls, there were thirty-eight such partitions 
built between Halls 17, 18, 19 and 20. 



30 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

Insulating panels were installed in windows of Halls 3, 15, 27 
and 30, and the draperies which covered those windows were per- 
manently removed. 

All of the twenty-four windows and ninety-six transoms in the 
bridge corridors connecting exhibition halls on the second floor were 
bricked up and plastered. These bridges are now available as addi- 
tional and desirable exhibition areas. 

A program of painting the exhibition halls was begun. Fourteen 
halls, Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 21, 22, 30 and C, were done. 
In addition, eleven departmental offices and workrooms, the Presi- 
dent's reception room, and the Director's and Auditor's three-room 
suites of offices were painted. The outside of all windows and the 
inside of windows on the fourth floor were painted. Many other 
painting jobs of smaller magnitude but of much importance were 
also done. 

The rope guard around the elephant group in Stanley Field 
Hall, which had proved unsatisfactory, was removed, and in its 
place was built a wooden base finished with naturized rubber 
flooring. 

The Frank W. Gunsaulus Japanese Collections, which formerly 
occupied Hall 30, were removed to a new location recently made 
available in the west half of Hall C on the ground floor. In this 
place it was possible to arrange the exhibition cases to better ad- 
vantage than in the former location. The name, Frank W. Gunsaulus 
Hall, has been transferred from the old hall to the new one. 

The two rooms which had formed Hall 30 were made into one 
large room by the removal of the partition which separated them. 
Two large openings, architecturally treated to conform with the 
entrances to adjacent halls, were made. The hall will be devoted 
to the exhibition of Chinese jade objects representing all periods. 
Eight walnut cases, each with an illuminating hood, were purchased 
for the installation of the jade collections. 

Provision for the better display of the Museum's post cards, 
publications and photographs was made by the construction of two 
wooden stands with display racks in the northeast and northwest 
corners of Stanley Field Hall near the main entrance. These stands 
are of cabinet workmanship and designed in keeping with the charac- 
ter of the exhibition cases of the hall. 

Foreseeing the future need for additional exhibition space on the 
main floor, there was cleared for this purpose Hall 12, which had 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 31 

been occupied for some years as a classroom by the Art Research 
Classes conducted in cooperation with the Art Institute of Chicago. 
In its place, quarters were provided for these classes in the west 
portion of Hall B on the ground floor. The classes have found the 
new quarters more suitable for their purposes than the old ones. 

Better and increased storage facilities were added to the Depart- 
ments of Anthropology, Botany, Geology and Zoology. 

An unused portion of the transformer room was converted into 
a storeroom for North and South American archaeological material. 
It has a floor area of 1,225 square feet, and is fitted with 4,545 square 
feet of adjustable metal shelving. 

The Department of Botany was provided with three blocks of 
steel herbarium cases, each 9' 2" x 3' 5" x 7' 3". Each block consists 
of eight compartments with thirty-two pigeonholes to each com- 
partment. 

To insure systematic and safe storage of paleontological material 
awaiting preparation for exhibition or study purposes, twenty-five 
steel cabinets, each fitted with a metal shelf and two drawers on 
roller bearings, were provided. These cabinets have a total capacity 
of 1,000 cubic feet. 

The Department of Zoology was supplied with increased storage 
facilities for birds and mammals by the addition of thirty-two 
large steel storage cabinets having a total of 1,380 trays. Storage 
accommodations for all mammal bones now in the Department of 
Zoology, and for all it is likely to acquire over a long period of time, 
have been erected along the west passage of the fourth floor. For 
this purpose forty-eight steel cabinets — each 5' x 4' x 6' 8", with 
steel shelves and drawers on roller bearings, and with a door in front 
and back of each cabinet — were installed. The doors close in on 
thick moth-proof felt. 

A fur storage vault consisting of three gas-tight, mechanically 
ventilated, fireproof rooms, with a floor area of 1,650 square feet, 
was built on a mezzanine occupying the full width of the north end 
of the taxidermists' shop on the fourth floor. Under the west end of 
this fur storage space, and on a level with the floor of the taxider- 
mists' shop, there has been built a soundproof and non-vibrating 
room with a floor area of 350 square feet to accommodate machines 
for dressing and cleaning furs. The centralization of these requisites 
in the Museum's main taxidermy shop will greatly increase efficiency. 
All wooden shelving and cabinets in the taxidermy shop were 
replaced with steel ones. 



32 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Near the boiler-room there was built a fireproof macerating and 
degreasing room with three gas-fired tanks. With this greatly needed 
addition it now will be possible for the Division of Osteology to take 
care of the present large and steadily increasing number of skulls 
and other skeletal material. 

On the first and ground floors of the Museum 300-watt glassteel 
lighting fixtures to the number of 349 were installed, in Halls 2, 3, 
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 15, 18, 21, B and C. Approximately 100 
exhibition cases, in Halls 16, 22, 30, 36, 38, D and J, were wired and 
equipped for lighting. 

Tuck pointing was carried on during 1929 along all of the north 
side of the Museum building, with the exception of one very small 
area; along all of the west side except for a small part which had 
been done previously; and on the southwest corner of the central 
pavilion. Approximately one-half of the walls of the building now 
remains to be tuck pointed. 

The coal conveyor was overhauled and put in good condition. 
Brickwork on the boilers was repaired, and fourteen tubes were re- 
placed in two of the boilers. Steam for heating was furnished to the 
Shedd Aquarium from December 27, 1928, to March 22, 1929, and 
again from October 11, 1929, to the end of the year and continuing 
into 1930. Steam was furnished to the building on Soldier Field 
from November 21 to 27, 1929. 

LECTURES AND ENTERTAINMENTS 

General Lectures. — The Museum's fifty-first and fifty-second 
courses of free lectures for the public were given in the James 
Simpson Theatre on Saturday afternoons during the spring and 
autumn months. They were illustrated by motion pictures and 
stereopticon slides. Following are the programs of both courses: 

Fifty-first Free Lecture Course 

February 23 — Four Years at the Courts of the Sultans of Java. 

Mr. Tassilo Adam, ethnologist of the Dutch East Indies. 

March 2 — From Cairo to the Cape. 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F.R.G.S., New York. 

March 9 — Man-hunting in the Jungle. 

Commander George M. Dyott, F.R.G.S., New York. 

March 16 — Camera-hunting on the Continental Divide. 

Mr. William L. Finley, American Nature Association. 

March 23 — Prehistoric Man in America. 

Mr. Barnum Brown, American Museum of Natural History. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 33 

March 30 — Bryce, Zion and the Grand Canyons. 

(Illustrated with Lumiere Autochrome plates.) 
Dr. C. C. Schneider, member of the Sierra Club. 

April 6— Bali— The Garden of the Gods. 

Mr. Andre Roosevelt, New York. 

April 13 — Recent Explorations in Time and Space. 

Professor Forest Ray Moulton, astronomer, Chicago. 

April 20 — In the Cellars of the World. 

Mr. Russell T. Neville, cave explorer, Kewanee, Illinois. 

April 27 — Indian Winter in the Labrador. 

Dr. William Duncan Strong, anthropologist of the Rawson- 
MacMillan Subarctic Expedition for Field Museum. 

Fifty-second Free Lecture Course 

October 5 — Formosa — The Island Beautiful. 
Mr. Clarence Griffin, London. 

October 12 — Man's Place in Geologic History. 

Dr. Oliver C. Farrington, Curator of Geology, Field Museum 
of Natural History. 

October 19 — Wild Flowers and Trees. 

Mr. Guy C. Caldwell, American Nature Association. 

October 26 — Earth and Neighbor Worlds. 

Dr. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of Natural History. 

November 2 — Lands of the Sun. 

Mr. Frederick Monsen, Pasadena, California. 

November 9 — Zulu Tribe. 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F.R.G.S., New York. 

November 16 — Bird Islands of Peru. 

Dr. Robert Cushman Murphy, American Museum of Natural 
History. 

November 23 — Explorations and Excavations at Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, and 
Uaxactun, Guatemala. 
Dr. Sylvanus G. Morley, Carnegie Institution, Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

November 30 — Through Southern Abyssinia. 

Mr. C. J. Albrecht, Department of Zoology, Field Museum of 
Natural History, member of the Harold White-John Coats 
Abyssinian Expedition of Field Museum. 

December 7 — Along the Floor of the Ocean for Field Museum. 

Mr. J. E. Williamson, leader of the Field Museum- Williamson 
Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas. 

The total attendance at these twenty lectures was 26,199. 
In addition to the regular spring and autumn courses, the follow- 
ing special lectures were given for Members of Field Museum: 

January 13 — Beauty and Tragedy under the Sea. 
Mr. J. E. Williamson, New York. 

November 3 — Lands of the Sun. 

Mr. Frederick Monsen, Pasadena, California. 

November 10 — Zulu Tribe. 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F.R.G.S., New York. 



34 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

November 17 — Bird Islands of Peru. 

Dr. Robert Cushman Murphy, American Museum of Natural 
History. 

November 24 — Explorations and Excavations at Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, and 
Uaxactun, Guatemala. 
Dr.Sylvanus G. Morley, Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C. 

December 1 — Trailing the Giant Panda on the Chinese-Tibetan Frontier. 

Mr. Kermit Roosevelt and Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, New York, 
members of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to 
Eastern Asia for Field Museum. 

December 8 — Along the Floor of the Ocean for Field Museum. 

Mr. J. E. Williamson, New York, leader of the Field Museum- 
Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas. 

December 15 — The Kingdom of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol. 

(A remote province of Indo-China where pioneer scientific work 
was done by members of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts 
Expedition for Field Museum, and where a distinguished 
mammalogist gave his life for the cause of science.) 
Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., F.R.G.S., Boston, leader of the 
Indo-China division of the expedition. 

The total attendance at these eight special lectures was 7,384. 
The total number of lectures for adults was twenty-eight, and 
the total attendance at them was 33,583. 

JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND PUBLIC 
SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURE DIVISION 

Entertainments for Children. — The James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture Fund made 
possible the continuation of lecture and entertainment work among 
children, both in the Museum and outside in schools and camps. 

Series of entertainments on Saturdays were offered as usual in 
the spring and autumn months, and a summer series on Thursdays 
was given during July and August. Following are the programs of 
these three series of entertainments: 

Spring Course 
February 23 — Pieces of China. 

March 2— The Delta of the Nile.* 
In and about Cairo.* 
A Trip down the Nile.* 
The Cabbage Butterfly. 
Brooding Chickens. 

March 9 — Romance of Rubber. 
Our Dog Friends. 
Yosemite's New Roads. 
Quaint People and Queer Places. 

March 16 — Rome, the Eternal City.* 
Naples and Vesuvius.* 
The Buried City.* 
Our Animals and How They Help Us. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 35 

March 23 — Story of Our National Parks. 
Earthquakes. 
Birds of Prey. 
Felling Forest Giants. 

March 30 — King Alfonso's Busy Day.* 
Gibraltar.* 

Ronda and Granada.* 
Invading "Musky" Land. 
Tigers of the North. 

April 6 — Familiar Foods from Foreign Lands. 
The Great White North. 

April 13— Scottish Tidbits.* 
Emerald Isle.* 

White-tail Deer in the Adirondacks. 
The Horse and Man. 
National Bird Refuges. 

April 20 — Arctic and Tropic Houses. 

Arctic and Tropic Boats and Fishermen. 
Wild Flowers. 

April 27 — Where Salmon Leap. 

A Cruise to the Land of the Midnight Sun. 

(By courtesy of the Norwegian America Steamship Line.) 
•In cooperation with "Topsy Turvy Times" department of the Chicago Daily News, which broad- 
cast a "Trip around the World" from WMAQ radio station. 

The total attendance at these ten entertainments was 13,505. 

Autumn Course 

October 5 — Sea Birds. 
Seals. 

Little People of the Sea. 
The International Ice Patrol. 

October 12 — Columbus.* 
Philadelphia. 

October 19 — The Panama Canal. 
Pillars of Salt. 
Some Wild Babies. 
The Spider. 
The Ant-lion. 

October 26— Illustrated talk, "Earth and Neighbor Worlds." 

Dr. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of Natural History. 

She's Wild. 

From "Paddy" to Bowl. 

In a Drop of Water. 

November 2— The Story of Steel. 

November 9 — Nesting of the Sea Turtle. 

The Cruise of the Princess Pat. 

November 16 — Our Chicago. 

Story of the Four Seasons. 

November 23 — Beautiful Catalina. 
The Cliff Dwellers. 
Berber Mountain Peoples. 






36 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

November 30— King Snow Holds Court. 
Roads to Wonderland. 
The Pilgrims.* 

December 7 — Illustrated talk, "Giants of Long Ago." 

•Chauncey Keep gift to Field Museum. 

The total attendance for the autumn course of entertainments 
was 18,554. The total attendance for the spring and autumn 
course together was 32,059. 

To help meet the needs of the children for wholesome entertain- 
ments during the summer months, a series consisting of tours of 
the exhibits, and motion pictures and story hours in the James 
Simpson Theatre, was presented, as follows: 

Summer Programs 

July 11 — Tour — Indians of Plateau and Desert. 
Motion Pictures: 

Aboriginal Inhabitants. 

The Petrified Forest. 

Irrigation in the Southwest. 

The Eagle's Nest. 

Pagan People in the Painted Desert. 

July 18— Story Hour— "Ptahhotep, the Egyptian Boy." 
(Illustrated with colored pictures.) 

Tour— The Egyptian Hall. 

July 25 — Tour — A Trip to Java, Borneo and Sumatra. 
Motion Pictures: 

Strange Prayers. 

Maizok of the South Seas. 
August 1 — Tour — South American Plants and Animals. 
Motion Pictures: 

The Zoo. 

Buenos Aires. 

Parana. 

Falls of Iguassu. 

Monkey Land. 

August 8 — Story Hour — "Mistanapish Visits His Blood-brother in the West." 
(Illustrated with colored pictures.) 

Tour — Farmer, Hunter, and Fisher Indians. 
August 15 — Tour — African Plants, Animals, and Peoples. 
Motion Pictures: 
An Ancient Art. 
Murder. 
Bits of Africa. 
Sacred Baboon. 
A Jungle Orphan. 

This series helped to solve the vacation problem for many 
parents and leaders of children's organizations. Many favorable 
comments, and requests for a similar program for the summer of 



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1930, have been received. The total number of groups coming for 
this series was twenty-four, and the attendance was 7,336. Of this 
number 4,725 represents the theatre attendance, and 2,611 the tour 
attendance. 

Two special motion picture programs were given during the 
month of February: 

February 12 — Abraham Lincoln. 
My Mother. 
My Father. 
The Call to Arms. 

February 22 — George Washington. 
Yorktown. 
Alexander Hamilton. 

Due to the crowds, it was necessary to show each three times. 
The total attendance for the two special programs was 9,050. 

In all, twenty-eight different programs were offered free to the 
children of the city and suburbs during the year, and the total 
attendance at these was 48,445. 

In addition to the cooperation with "Topsy Turvy Times" of the 
Chicago Daily News, the following assisted by giving the programs 
publicity in newspaper articles and radio broadcasts: the Chicago 
Daily News and Station WMAQ; the Chicago Tribune and Station 
WGN; the Prairie Farmer and Station WLS; the Chicago American; 
the "Junior Journal" of the Chicago Daily Journal; the "Boys' 
and Girls' Post" of the Chicago Evening Post; the Herald and 
Examiner; and Station WCFL. 

Thanks for films loaned for the programs is due to the United 
States Department of Agriculture, the Norwegian America Steam- 
ship Line, the Rothacker Film Corporation, the General Electric 
Company, and the Commonwealth Edison Company. 

The Museum Stories for Children, written by members of the 
Raymond Division Staff, were handed to all children attending the 
entertainments. Copies of these often were furnished also to teachers, 
who requested them for use as reference material in classroom work. 
A new style of folder has made the binding of the Museum Stories 
possible, and the children are being encouraged to so preserve the 
series and establish a natural history library. Many of the stories 
were reprinted in the "Boys' and Girls' Post" department of the 
Chicago Evening Post. 



38 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

Following are the subjects of the Museum Stories for Children 
issued during 1929: 

Chinese Kites. 

Nile Farmers. 

Rubber Producing Plants. 

Buried Cities. 

Fossil Trees. 

Cork. 

Champion Fliers. 

Horses — Past and Present. 

Early Spring Flowers. 

Salmon and Cedar Indians. 

The First Cave People. 

Glaciers and Icebergs. 

Liberty Bell and Other Bells. 

Spiders. 

An Arapaho Sun Dance. 

Meteorites. 

Turtles. 

Woodchuck. 

Goats. 

Wild Turkeys. 

Elephants of Long Ago. 

A total of 53,500 copies of these stories was printed. 

Lecture Tours for Children. — As in previous years, emphasis 
was laid on lecture tours correlating with the school curriculums. 
Other tours were organized to give a general knowledge of the 
Museum and its activities. Groups from public, parochial, and 
private schools, both in the city and surrounding areas, and from 
clubs and other organizations, participated. In all, 480 such 
groups received guide-lecture services, with a total attendance 
of 21,576. 

Extension Lectures. — Extension lectures were offered as in 

former years to the public schools of the city. To meet the needs 

of the junior and senior high schools a series of lectures was especially 

arranged for correlation with classwork in history and the sciences. 

The series embraced the following subjects: 

The Story of Steel. 

The Ancient Egyptians. 

The Romans: Their Arts and Customs. 

Our Friends, the Birds. 

Animals of the Past. 

Reptiles and Insects. 

Wild Flowers of the Chicago Area. 

Activities of Field Museum. 

For presentation in the elementary schools, the following series 
was offered: 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 39 

For Geography and History Groups — South America. 

North American Indians. 
Glimpses of Chinese Life. 
Native Life of the Philippines. 
Marcus, the Roman. 
Ptahhotep, the Egyptian. 

For Science and Nature Study Groups — Story of Flax and Cotton. 

Story of Silk and Wool. 
Story of Coal and Iron. 
Food Fish of the World. 
African Animals. 
American Fur-bearers. 
Chicago Mammals. 
Chicago Birds. 
Chicago Wild Flowers. 
Activities of Field Museum. 

The total number of schools visited was 215, and the total 
number of lectures given in the schools was 496. In addition to 
these were several given for school clubs, at conferences, and at 
Camp Algonquin, which brings the total number of extension 
lectures presented during 1929 to 509. The total attendance at 
these was 180,964. 

Accessions. — The Raymond Division acquired during the year 
768 stereopticon slides for extension lectures, 34 negatives for mak- 
ing slides, and 581 prints, all made by the Division of Photography. 
It also received, as a gift from the United Fruit Company, Boston, 
material for a lecture entitled "A Trip to Banana Land," including 
four sets of forty-six slides each, one motion picture reel, and 
accessories for the same. 

NATURE STUDY COURSES 

In response to requests for a series of talks on natural history 
topics especially arranged for leaders of nature study in camps and 
other recreational organizations, a class was organized to meet 
each Thursday morning during February, March and part of 
April. The programs consisted of lectures followed by tours of 
exhibits illustrating the topics discussed. 

Letters were mailed to various organizations inviting them to 
send representatives to participate in the class meetings. Follow- 
ing is a list of some of the organizations which sent representatives: 
the Chicago Boys' Club, the Boy Scouts of America, the Young 
Men's Christian Association, the Salvation Army, the Girl Scouts, 
the United Charities, the Wild Flower Preservation Society, the 
Camp Fire Girls, and the Young Women's Christian Association. 



40 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Various neighborhood clubs, social centers and settlement houses 
also sent representatives. 

The programs for the classes were as follows: 

February 7 — Chicago Mammals. 

February 14 — Winter Birds. 

February 21 — Trees. 

February 28 — Ecology of the Chicago Region. 

March 7 — Geography of Chicago. 

March 14 — Flowers, Ferns, and Mosses. 

March 21 — Spring Birds. 

March 28 — Insects. 

April 4 — Fish, Reptiles, and Amphibians. 

April 11 — Stars and Clouds. 

April 18 — Forum. 

The total number of lectures, tours and conferences held in 
connection with this nature study course was twenty-seven, and 
the total attendance was 835. 

In response to a request from Mr. Allen Carpenter, Educational 
Director of the Chicago Council of Boy Scouts of America, that a 
course similar to the one presented on Thursday mornings be 
given for the scoutmasters of the city who could meet only on 
Saturday afternoons, a second course of five lectures was given. 
The subjects presented were substantially those of the first course, 
but in each lecture several of the topics were combined, as follows: 

March 30 — Ecology and Conservation. 

April 6 — Birds. 

April 13— Plant Life. 

April 20 — Reptiles, Fish, Amphibians, and Insects. 

April 27 — Mammals. 

The total number of lectures and conferences in the second 
course was ten, and the total attendance was 461. The number 
of nature study groups in both courses of instruction was thirty- 
seven, with an aggregate attendance of 1,296. 

LECTURE TOURS FOR ADULTS 
As in previous years the services of Museum guide-lecturers 
were offered without charge to clubs, conventions, and other organi- 
zations, and to Museum visitors in general. For the public 124 
general tours and 386 tours covering specific subjects were arranged. 
Printed monthly schedules were kept at the main entrance for 
distribution to visitors. Hundreds of copies were sent at the 
beginning of each month to libraries, social settlements, retail 
stores, and other centers of distribution. 

There were 149 special parties, including groups from clubs, 
conventions, colleges, and other organizations, and 391 general 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 41 

public groups. The special parties totaled 4,440 persons, and 
the public groups 4,360, making a total of 8,800 adults who received 
guide-lecture service during the year. 

EDUCATIONAL MEETINGS 

The use of the Lecture Hall was extended to thirty-seven 
educational and civic groups. These meetings were attended by 
1,746 persons. 

On June 13, the graduating exercises and presentation of diplomas 
of the adult department of the public schools of Chicago were held 
in the James Simpson Theatre, with appropriate ceremonies. The 
total attendance of graduates and guests was five hundred. 

RADIO BROADCASTING 

Radio broadcasting for the year 1929 included talks for both 
adults and children. Some of these talks were presented by a 
member of the Raymond Division. Others were prepared for 
presentation by members of the broadcasting staffs of the radio 
stations. 

During the spring course of Raymond Division entertainments 
for children, material for broadcasting was sent to Station WMAQ, 
operated by the Chicago Daily News, to be given during the "Topsy 
Turvy Times" hour. These talks correlated with the films to be 
shown in the James Simpson Theatre, or gave a short summary 
of the tours to be given in the Museum. 

From February 11 to April 1 inclusive, a series of talks on 
"Field Museum and Its Activities" was broadcast each Monday 
night over Station WCFL, operated by the Chicago Federation 
of Labor. 

During the summer course of entertainments, broadcasting 
material was prepared each week for various stations giving publicity 
to the children's programs. 

To assist in the promotion of Chicago's proposed Century of 
Progress exposition, the Museum cooperated with WGN, the 
Chicago Tribune station, by preparing eight radio talks on the 
work, history, and educational value of the Museum, and its attrac- 
tions for visitors to the exposition. 

Among the broadcasts especially prepared for young people 
were those given over Station WMAQ in connection with programs 
presented for the schools. Three such scientific talks on "The 
Peoples of the Earth" were given during the fall. 



42 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

A series of eleven radio talks for adults, on the Museum, its 
expeditions, and other activities, was broadcast from the Prairie 
Farmer Station, WLS, in cooperation with the Chicago Daily Journal. 
Speakers included the Director, several of the Curators, and other 
members of the scientific staff. 

Totals. — The total number of groups receiving instruction by- 
means of entertainments, tours, and lectures was 1,622, with an 
aggregate attendance of 292,882. This figure includes both the 
adults and children participating in Museum educational activities. 

DIVISION OF PUBLICATIONS 

The activities of the Division of Publications were greatly- 
increased in the past year because an unprecedented number of 
scientific publications was issued by the Museum, due largely to 
additions to the personnel of the Division of Printing. 

During 1929 the Museum distributed to the libraries, museums, 
and other institutions from which it receives publications for the 
enlargement of its own library resources, 8,951 copies of scientific 
publications and 2,729 copies of leaflets. About half of these were 
sent to institutions in the United States and its possessions, the 
other half being forwarded to foreign destinations through the 
courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution's international exchange 
bureau at Washington, D.C. In addition, 5,489 copies of the 1928 
Annual Report of the Director and 6,132 leaflets were sent to 
Members of Field Museum. Sales for the year totaled 1,085 publi- 
cations, 7,023 leaflets, and 12,447 miscellaneous publications and 
pamphlets. 

Field Museum and the Child, a pamphlet which outlines the 
work carried on by the Harris Extension and the Raymond Division 
of Field Museum of Natural History among school children of 
Chicago, was given further distribution in 1929. It was originally 
published in 1928 and sent during that year to the institutions 
with which the Museum carries on exchange relations, to the Life, 
Associate, and Sustaining Members of this institution, to Chicago 
public grade and high schools, and branch libraries. Copies were 
sent in 1929 to 2,678 Annual Members, 521 clubs, parochial schools, 
and suburban schools, and 502 persons and institutions on a list 
selected from an educational directory. 

An appreciable increase was made in the number of names of 
institutions on both the Museum's domestic exchange list and its 
foreign list. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 43 

Sixteen additions to the regular series of Field Museum publica- 
tions were issued, one of which was anthropological, four botanical, 
two geological, eight zoological, and one the Annual Report of the 
Director for 1928. In addition to these, six numbers were added to 
the general leaflet series and three miscellaneous items were pub- 
lished. Following is a detailed list of these publications: 

Publication 
number 

254. — Geological Series, Vol. IV, No. 5. Contributions to Paleontology. 
By Sharat K. Roy. February, 1929. 22 pages, 9 photogravures. 
Edition 1,275. 

255. — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 18. A Contribution to the Ornithology 
of Northeastern Brazil. By Charles E. Hellmayr. March 4, 1929. 
268 pages, 1 map. Edition 1,016. 

256.— Report Series, Vol. VII, No. 3. Annual Report of the Director for 
the Year 1928. January, 1929. 224 pages, 20 photogravures. 
Edition 7,663. 

257.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 1. The Birds of the Neotropical 
Genus Deconychura. By John T. Zimmer. May 18, 1929. 20 
pages. Edition 1,068. 

258. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 6. I. Supplement to the Flora of Barro 
Colorado Island, Panama. By Leslie A. Kenoyer and Paul C. 
Standley. II. Two New Species of Chara from Tropical America. 
By M. A. Howe. July 5, 1929. 22 pages, 6 photogravures. Edition 
1,040. 

259. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 7. Spermatophytes, Mostly Peruvian. 
By J. Francis Macbride. July 5, 1929. 32 pages. Edition 1,100. 

260. — Geological Series, Vol. V, No. 2. The Mineral Composition of Some 
Sands from Quebec, Labrador and Greenland. By James H. C. 
Martens. July 12, 1929. 17 pages, 3 zincs. Edition 1,611. 

261.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 2. A New Rodent from the Gala- 
pagos Islands. By W. H. Osgood. July 12, 1929. 6 pages. Edition 
1,105. 

262. — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 19. Contents and Index to Volume 
XII. Numbers 1 to 19. October, 1929. 34 pages. Edition 1,085. 

263. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 3. Birds of the James Simpson- 
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition. By Charles E. Hellmayr. October 
18, 1929. 120 pages. Edition 1,064. 

264. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 8. Studies of American Plants — I. 
By Paul C. Standley. Studies of American Plants — II. By Paul 
C. Standley. October 24, 1929. 152 pages. Edition 1,051. 

265. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 4. The Land Mammals of Uruguay. 
By Colin Campbell Sanborn. October 24, 1929. 24 pages. Edition 
1,068. 

266.— Zoological Series, Vol. XIII, Part VI. Catalogue of Birds of the 
Americas. By Charles E. Hellmayr. November 14, 1929. 264 
pages. Edition 1,530. 

267. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 9. Honduran Mosses — Collected by 
Paul C. Standley. By Edwin B. Bartram. December 10, 1929. 
18 pages, 3 photogravures. Edition 992. 

268. — Anthropological Series, Vol. XIX, No. 1. Melanesian Shell Money 
in Field Museum Collections. By Albert B. Lewis. December, 
1929. 36 pages, 25 photogravures. Edition 1,015. 



44 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

269.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 5. A Study of the Tooth-billed 
Red Tanager, Piranga Flava. By John T. Zimmer. December 18, 
1929. 54 pages, 1 map. Edition 1,022. 

Leaflets 

Anthropology, No. 28. — The Field Museum-Oxford University Expedition 
to Kish, Mesopotamia, 1923-1929. By Henry Field. November, 1929. 
34 pages, 14 photogravures, 2 maps. Edition 2,993. 

Geology, No. 10. — Famous Diamonds. By O. C. Farrington. February, 
1929. 28 pages, 4 photogravures, 1 colored plate. Edition 6,023. 

Geology, No. 11. — Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man. By O. C. Farrington 
and Henry Field. September, 1929. 16 pages, 8 photogravures, 1 map. 
Edition 6,056. 

Geology, No. 12.— Cement. By H. W. Nichols. September, 1929. 16 pages, 
4 photogravures. Edition 3,036. 

Zoology, No. 10.— The Truth about Snake Stories. By Karl P. Schmidt. 
January, 1929. 20 pages, 1 cover design. Edition 3,045. 

Zoology, No. 11. — The Frogs and Toads of the Chicago Area. By Karl P. 
Schmidt. March, 1929. 16 pages, 4 photogravures, 1 colored plate, 1 
cover design. Edition 3,002. 

Miscellaneous Publications 

Memoir Series, Vol. I, No. 2. — A Sumerian Palace and the "A" Cemetery 
at Kish, Mesopotamia. Part II. By Ernest Mackay, with preface by 
Stephen Langdon. December 26, 1929. 152 pages, 42 photogravures, 
1 map. Edition 1,472. 

Field Museum and the Child. 34 pages, 8 photogravures, 5 halftones. 
Edition 4,070. 

General Guide. Thirteenth Edition. 38 pages, 1 photogravure, 3 zincs. 
Edition 8,530. 

Post Cards. — The installation of two accessible card stands, 
which permit of an easy view and selection, helped to bring the 
total of post cards sold up to 161,226, an increase of more than 
28,000 over the 1928 sales. 

Sets of post cards were issued in October. An endeavor was 
made to serve the interest of the public and to make each series 
interesting and instructive by supplying on each card specific data 
as far as space permitted. It is hoped that these sets will contribute 
their share in disseminating knowledge of the Museum and its 
collections. 

Twenty-seven sets, containing a total of 289 cards, were issued 
by the Department of Anthropology and illustrate selected objects 
from the collections of the Museum. China, Tibet, India, Mexico, 
Peru, Melanesia, Egypt, Benin, and Cameroon are the countries 
represented. The objects were chosen with a view to popular 
appeal and grouped under such headings as bronzes, pottery, sculp- 
ture, costumes, masks, and carvings. 



ield Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate VI 




ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN BARLEY 
(Hall 25) 
Charred grains of six-rowed barley excavated on site of Kish by the Field Museum- 
Oxford University Joint Expedition to Mesopotamia 
Three times natural size 



THI LIBftMR? 

OF THE 

WHIYIBIITr 8f uilutt 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 45 

The two sets thus far issued by the Department of Geology- 
have been greatly in demand. They depict Neanderthal Man and 
the mural paintings of prehistoric landscapes, plants, and animals. 
The Department of Zoology's post cards illustrate apes and monkeys, 
rodents, marsupials, insects, moths, butterflies, skates and rays. 
Of the zoological subjects 2,200 cards were sold during the last three 
months of the year. One set was issued showing seven types of 
exhibition cases loaned to Chicago schools through the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension. Additional views will be prepared by the 
various Departments from time to time. 

LIBRARY 

The accessions of the Library during 1929 consisted of 3,105 
books and pamphlets, acquired variously through gifts, purchases, 
and exchanges. 

The gifts received from friends of the Museum and from members 
of the Staff are all useful, and in several instances have consisted 
of rare and unusual works. The largest single gift was received 
from Mr. John P. Kellogg, of Chicago, who presented a collection 
of especially valuable books to the Anthropological Library. Such 
gifts indicate in a material way interest in the Museum's work that 
is greatly appreciated. 

The Library relies largely upon exchanges received from contem- 
porary institutions throughout the world to increase its collections. 
During the year publications were received from 748 institutions 
and individuals, and sixteen new exchange arrangements with 
foreign societies were established. From the John Crerar Library, 
Chicago, there were received in exchange for the Museum's publica- 
tions 259 reprints of botanical papers that will be exceedingly useful 
in the work of the Department of Botany. 

Among the periodicals purchased during 1929 that filled in some 
of the incomplete sets of the Botanical Library, were the early 
volumes of Curtis's Botanical Magazine. This purchase comprised 
125 volumes, from 1777 to 1843, and is an unusually fine set which 
brings the Museum's file of this magazine complete to date. Also 
purchased were the Botanische Jahrbucher, Volumes I-XXXIII; 
Fedde's Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis, Beihefte, 
Volumes II-LI; Hooker's Icones plantarum, Series 3, Volumes 
I-X, and Flora of Tropical Africa, by Oliver and others, nineteen 
volumes. 



46 Field Museumof Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Other works purchased were Iconum botanicarum index Londi- 
nensis, in six volumes; Ascherson and Graebner, Synopsis der mittel- 
europdischen Flora; Cortes, Flora de Colombia; Moricand, Plantes 
nouvelles d'Amerique, 1833-46; the fifth and last volume of North 
American Wild Flowers, by Mary Vaux Walcott; Bertholet, Religi- 
onsgeschichtliches Lesebuch; Chardin, Travels in Persia; Dampier, 
New Voyage round the World; Mural Paintings of Tel El-Amarnah; 
Sarasin, Ethnologie der Neu Caledoner und Loyalty Insulaner; Stein, 
On Alexander's Track to the Incas; Steinen, Die Marquesaner und 
ihre Kunst; Lacroix, Minerals of Madagascar; Lee, Stories in Stone; 
Weber and Beaufort, Fishes of the I ndo- Australian Archipelago; 
Perrier, Traite de zoologie; Beaufort, Birds from Dutch New Guinea; 
Bechstein, Ornithologisches Taschenbuch, 1802-12; Naumann, Ueber 
den Haushalt der nordischen SeevogelEuropa's, 1824; Maynard, War- 
blers of North America; Yerkes, The Great Apes; Forster, Indische 
Zoologie, 1781; Schreiber, Herpetologia Europaea; and the fourteenth 
edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. 

Among activities of the year was the unpacking of some forty 
large boxes of books and pamphlets that had been stored for years. 
These boxes contained books and papers duplicating works on the 
shelves of the Library or for other reasons no longer applicable 
to the work of the Museum. It was necessary to reduce drastically 
this large collection. A general classification of all the items included 
was made, and for convenience they were temporarily stored in 
stacks in one of the rooms on the ground floor. Among the duplicates 
were many items that would be useful for redistribution by the 
institutions from which they were originally obtained. Upon inquiry 
it was found that some of these institutions desired them, and boxes 
of them were returned to the United States Geological Survey, 
Washington, D.C., the American Museum of Natural History, 
New York, and the New York State Museum, Albany. The Museum 
of Science and Industry, Chicago, was given five boxes of publica- 
tions selected from this collection by a member of its staff. Approxi- 
mately one thousand excerpts and reprints of ichthyological papers 
from early periodicals and serials, now difficult to obtain,; were 
sent to the Shedd Aquarium library, and 200 volumes of Russian 
literature were sent to the University of Chicago. Several hundred 
excerpts and reprints were sorted according to subject and dis- 
tributed among the departmental libraries of the Museum. When 
this work can be completed it will be possible to use the remainder 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 47 

as exchange material for that offered from time to time by other 
institutions. 

Cards indicating the additions made to the periodicals in the 
Library during the year are being supplied for a supplement to the 
Union List of Serials whose index is indispensable for information 
relative to old and new periodical literature. 

There were received during the year 8,137 individual issues of 
journals, periodicals and serials. 

There were prepared, forwarded and returned from the bindery 
736 volumes. Cards for 8,047 different titles were typewritten and 
added to the various catalogues. Monthly deposits of author cards 
were received from the John Crerar Library totaling 9,360 cards 
for the year. 

EXPEDITIONS AND RESEARCH 

Anthropology. — During the year three expeditions were 
operating in the interest of the Department of Anthropology. 

The Museum's work in British Honduras, inaugurated in 
1928, was continued this year. This expedition, known as the 
Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to British Hon- 
duras, was again under the leadership of Assistant Curator J. 
Eric Thompson, and was in the field from December, 1928, to 
June, 1929. 

During the first month Mr. Thompson lived at San Antonio 
in the south of British Honduras, where he was engaged in obtain- 
ing ethnological information. San Antonio is a village of about 
600 inhabitants, all of whom are pure Maya, descendants of the 
ancient people who built up the great Maya civilization. In order 
to make a thorough study of their religion and customs, Mr. 
Thompson lived exactly the same life as they do, lodging with a 
Maya family and subsisting on the native food. A wealth of eth- 
nological data was secured, including records of a considerable 
number of traditions and legends that are undoubtedly many hun- 
dreds of years old. Considerable light will also be thrown on the 
religion of the Mayas by the information obtained in San Antonio. 
The Mayas are nominally Catholics, but still retain much of their 
old faith. The results of these ethnological researches are in course 
of publication. 

Early in 1929 Mr. Thompson proceeded to Belize, where, after 
purchasing stores, he proceeded to the ruins of Tzimin Cax, Cahal 



48 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

Pichic, and Hatzcap Ceel, situated in the south of the Cayo District 
close to the Guatemala frontier. Seventeen San Antonio Mayas 
accompanied him as laborers. Practically none of them had ever 
been away from the vicinity of their village before. 

To reach the ruins it was necessary to travel two days up the 
Belize River in a small launch, thence three days on mule-back 
through a dense, uninhabited forest. These ruins had been dis- 
covered the previous year by Mr. Thompson while conducting 
the First Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to British 
Honduras. This year more extensive excavations were carried 
out, with the result that the sequences of culture in that area were 
more clearly brought out through the discovery of stratified pottery 
and graves of different periods superimposed one upon another. 
A small, round altar was found at Hatzcap Ceel giving the date 
9.19.0.0.0. 9 Ahau 18 Mac, corresponding to June 28, a.d. 810 
(in the correlation adopted by the Museum) . This date fits in with that 
of the altar discovered last year, the date of which is 10.0.5.0.0. 13 
Ahau 13 Uo, just twenty-five years later. However, most of the 
objects excavated, including jade, painted pottery, filed and inlaid 
teeth, and a mirror of iron pyrites, are of an earlier date. 

At the close of the activity at these sites, a visit was paid to the 
ruins of Uaxactun and Tikal situated in the heart of the great 
forest-covered Peten District of northern Guatemala. At the 
former site a comparison was made between the pottery types 
discovered there by the Carnegie Institution and those discovered 
by the Field Museum expeditions. It was found that the artifacts 
and types of pottery were the same in both areas, showing that 
they must have formed part of the same cultural zone in ancient 
times. 

Subsequently the ruined city of Copan in the Republic of 
Honduras was visited. There a new stele (No. 26) was found. 
This stele had been re-used as one of the steps on the northwest 
side of the great plaza. Only a portion of the inscription was 
preserved, and this yielded no date, but the style of the carving 
shows plainly that the monument dates from the early period. 
It had been carved on three sides, if not on all four. 

A collection of Guatemalan textiles was obtained in the high- 
lands of Guatemala. The natives in this region are also of the 
Maya stock, but speak different languages. They are excellent 
weavers, and the cotton blouses of the women embroidered with 
designs of birds and animals are very spectacular. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 49 

In June, with the arrival of the rainy season which precluded 
further work, Mr. Thompson returned to Chicago. 

Under the patronage of Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, ethnological 
field work in Africa was undertaken this year for the first time in 
the history of the Museum. The Rawson-Field Museum Ethno- 
logical Expedition to West Africa, headed by Mr. Wilfrid D. 
Hambly, Assistant Curator of African Ethnology, was organized 
to make studies of the tribes of Angola (Portuguese West Africa) 
and Nigeria (British West Africa), countries which have been but 
little explored. Mr. Hambly left Chicago on February 18, and 
after making preparations and official arrangements in England 
for his expedition, proceeded to Antwerp and thence sailed to 
Angola. He stopped at the port of Loanda, capital and adminis- 
trative center of the Portuguese colony, where the plans of the 
expedition were approved by the High Commissioner for Angola. 
He arrived at Lobito, the chief port of the territory, on April 29, 
and left for the interior on May 11, using the railway which runs 
for about 700 miles across the colony into the Belgian Congo. He 
established his base at Elende, Benguela, which is the center of 
the Ovimbundu, a most numerous and powerful tribe, who occupy 
the major portion of Angola. He made a thorough study of the 
domestic life of these people, their agriculture and industries, 
social organization, customs and habits, folklore, magic, and religion. 
With Elende as his base of operations, he made three arduous 
journeys which carried him far into the interior of the country 
in all directions. 

In August he undertook a journey into the country of the 
Esele, a tribe living in the hinterland of the port of Novo Redondo 
in northwestern Angola. Their villages are well hidden amid the 
rocks or the tall grasses and bushes of the valleys, and shelter 
four or five families. He made his way through this country in a 
motor car which was used as a base to which the collections were 
returned at the end of each day. The Esele tribe differs from the 
Ovimbundu in both outward appearance and language. They 
decorate their bodies with red pigments, tattoo concentric circles 
around their eyes, and file their upper and lower incisors to very 
sharp points. They are good agriculturists, cultivating small 
patches of ground on precipitous and seemingly barren slopes. 
Maize is one of their staples and is stored on the cob. Pottery 
made by their women is the finest in Angola. An interesting 



50 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

object obtained from this tribe is an ancient ax formerly used by 
the king both as a symbol of authority and as a weapon for behead- 
ing offenders. 

On the return journey from the Esele country Mr. Hambly 
passed through the district of Bailundu, also inhabited by Ovim- 
bundu, where he made a collection of charms and magical appli- 
ances. He then covered several thousand miles in the interior of 
Angola eastward and northward to obtain collections representative 
of the tribes surrounding the Ovimbundu people. Some very 
rare masks and costumes were collected, and several ceremonies, 
such as the initiation rites of boys and the healing of the sick, were 
witnessed on this tour. In September he returned to Lobito, taking 
passage to Matadi on the Congo and proceeding to Nigeria, where 
he will operate until the end of January, 1930. 

Measurements of fifty-four adult males and sixty large photo- 
graphs of racial types were obtained. Five reels of motion pictures 
(more than 2,000 feet) were made, the subjects being the native 
blacksmith's craft; basket, pottery, and mat making; dances, and 
a funeral. Some 500 still pictures were taken. Fifty cylinders of 
records of drum music and specimens of the Ovimbundu language 
were taken on the dictaphone. The blacksmith work was studied 
in great detail, and tools and products of the forge have been 
acquired. A collection of 1,239 objects, including some excellent 
wood carving, pottery, and basket work, was brought together. 
Snakes, lizards, and other reptiles whose skins are used in native 
industries or which play a significant role in native folklore were 
also collected. 

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Meso- 
potamia, financed by Mr. Marshall Field and Mr. Herbert Weld, 
completed its seventh season at Kish, Irak, working from the 
early part of December, 1928, till the middle of March, 1929. The 
direction of the field work was again entrusted to Mr. L. C. Watelin, 
who was assisted by his son, Mr. Rene" Watelin, and by Mr. T. 
K. Penniman of Trinity College, Oxford, who was in charge of the 
excavation of human skeletal remains. The general supervision 
of the expedition's activities was, as in previous years, in the hands 
of Professor Stephen Langdon of Oxford University. 

Two hundred laborers were employed in the work of excavation 
this season. The digging of a small trench for the purpose of 
laying the tracks for a narrow gauge railroad resulted in the dis- 
covery of ten Babylonian sarcophagi of bluish-gray pottery, shaped 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 51 

like bathtubs and containing human skeletons. They were found 
at a depth of three feet. In each case the body was lying on its 
left side. In some cases the body was in the sarcophagus, which 
then was without a cover; in other cases the sarcophagus was placed 
over the body. One curious sarcophagus was found, made of two 
hemispheres of pottery fitted together and containing the remains 
of an old man. Although the skeletons were in a rather poor state 
of preservation, they revealed many interesting racial character- 
istics. The bones were large and indicated muscularity, and the 
skulls were uniformly dolichocephalic, with narrow noses, and 
large, much- worn teeth. 

The main result achieved in the progress of excavation this 
season is that virgin soil has ultimately been reached about ten 
feet beneath the present water level, or sixty feet below the top 
of the mound. The fact has been ascertained that between water level 
and virgin soil the city of Kish was destroyed and reconstructed 
three times. The periodical demolition of the walls appears to 
have been caused by local inundations. Mr. Watelin discovered 
in horizontal layers consisting of clay deposits evidences of three 
floods, the most important of which he dates at 3300-3200 B.C. 
This great flood was followed by two lesser ones which in each 
case destroyed the whole or part of the city. Mr. Watelin con- 
tends that it is impossible to state at present which of these floods 
may be identical with the deluge recorded in the Old Testament, 
and states that investigations in different localities are required 
to settle this question definitely. 

The capital result of this season is the discovery in the lowest 
strata of numerous flint implements of novel and varied types, 
such as have never been found in Mesopotamia before. Stone 
implements previously gathered in Mesopotamia on the surface 
of mounds were of a limited variety of forms, and had been acci- 
dentally pushed up from the depth of the mounds as these were 
gradually rebuilt. In other words, they were not found in the 
strata in which they had been left. At Kish, however, the flint 
implements were actually encountered in situ, at a depth of about 
eighteen feet, among a mass of flakes and rejects, which go to prove 
that the flints were manufactured in the very place where they 
were encountered. Saws and sickle blades embedded in a layer 
of bitumen for the attachment of wooden handles, knife blades, 
drills, scrapers, and axes were brought to light. A very curious 
small implement of irregular shape, with a very sharp point, was 



52 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

found in abundance, and may have been used for making per- 
forations in wood, leather, shell, or other soft materials. Bone 
drills which also occur abundantly were used at the same time 
with flint drills. Mr. Watelin, who has published a well illustrated 
article on the lithic industry of Kish in L' Anthropologie, has arrived 
at the conclusion that these flints date to about 4000 B.C. and that 
on the whole they point to a strictly lithic or neolithic period. 
However, copper is not entirely absent from this stratum; at least 
a long and thin copper needle and a cylinder of bitumen wrapped 
in copper foil were discovered. Metal, at any rate, was rare at 
that time and presumably restricted in its use to ornaments, while 
all implements for domestic and industrial purposes were made 
of flint. 

Other objects found in the deep strata are statuettes of 
crude earth and bitumen, the latter representing figures of bearded 
gods in profile, the hair falling down in tresses on all sides of the 
head. The shoulders are square, the arms project from the body, 
and the legs are represented only by a cylindrical support. Animal 
representations are frequent. A model of a chariot with its team 
was found. The driver is standing on the shaft of the vehicle, 
directing a pair of animals close to the chariot and five others 
farther forward. According to Mr. Watelin's calculations, this 
chariot model belongs to the period of the third reconstruction 
of the city, which took place about 3300-3200 B.C. 

The vicissitudes and successive destructions of the city have 
not been favorable to the preservation of pottery, which is found 
to have been smashed on the pavement. The fragments point to a 
coarse ware turned on the wheel and intended for everyday use. 
Several broken vases were found, badly fired and coated with a red 
pigment ; other sherds are painted exclusively in black or in red, and 
are intersected by lines; other sherds are of a fine, black pottery. 
Many fragments bear incised geometrical designs. In the lower strata, 
beneath the water level, several pieces of fragmentary pottery 
were encountered with painted designs on the same order as those 
previously found at Jemdet Nasr; others have a unique decoration 
of painted concentric lines in brown, apparently made with a comb. 

The stratification now obtained permits the establishment of 
a chronology in a series of seven periods down to the Neo-Baby- 
lonian epoch of the sixth century B.C. The lowest stratum, about 
twenty-seven feet below the level of the plain and ten feet beneath 
the present water level, is occupied by the earliest Sumerian culture 




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 53 

which, according to Professor Langdon, is not later than 4000 B.C., 
and this is the date adopted by him for the foundation of the city 
of Kish. It is this stratum which contained the flint implements, 
the black and red pottery, as well as the monochrome and poly- 
chrome pottery like that excavated at Jemdet Nasr. 

Mr. Watelin also discovered a polychrome terra-cotta head 
portraying a Sumerian, half natural size (about 3000 B.C.), which 
he believes is the only example of painted statuary known in 
Sumerian art. The face is yellow; hair, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes 
are indicated in black. In the division of the objects, this head was 
retained by the Museum of Bagdad. He likewise found a tomb 
containing copper vases in a rather good state of preservation 
and a very beautiful copper object, a support for a vase made of 
coiled copper wire in which a tall stone vase had been placed. 
Two or three hundred fragments of Babylonian tablets and about 
twenty Sumerian tablets were also brought to light. 

Assistant Curator Thompson completed a monograph on the 
ethnology of the Mayas of central and southern British Honduras. 
The material for this work was obtained by him during the course 
of his four visits to British Honduras, the greater part of it, how- 
ever, in 1929 when he conducted the Second Marshall Field Archaeo- 
logical Expedition to British Honduras. The majority of the 
laborers employed in the excavations consisted of Maya Indians. 
Although usually very reticent about their customs and beliefs, 
they were more willing to volunteer information when far from 
their own homes. This information sheds much light on the life 
of the Mayas at the height of their civilization, particularly of the 
rank and file. Much information, too, was obtained on Maya 
religion. On the arrival of the Spaniards in Central America, the 
old religion was overthrown, and the priests exterminated. The 
simple religion of the layman, however, persisted, although only 
practised in secret. This study of the modern Mayas permits a 
close reconstruction of the religion of the Maya peasant stock of a 
thousand years or more ago. Previously only the religious con- 
cepts of the small group of educated priests and nobles were known, 
and even these imperfectly. Steps in religious fusion among the 
Mayas 1,500 years ago can now be traced in the light of the new 
information obtained. This study of the modern Mayas is now 
in press, and should be available early in 1930. 

Assistant Curator Henry Field has made good progress on a report 
which will give the results of his expedition into the Arabian Desert, 



54 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

the first part of which it is planned to publish in the coming year. 
Both geological and archaeological evidence points to the fact 
that in prehistoric times this desert was fertile and well-watered, 
and able to support a large semi-nomadic population. Many- 
geological specimens brought back by the expedition now await 
identification and chemical analysis. The evidence now available 
would suggest that in a prehistoric age this area lay upon one of 
the old lines of migration between Africa, Asia, and Europe, so 
that new light will be thrown upon the question of the ancient 
population of the Near East. Assistant Curator Field also pre- 
pared anthropometric and statistical tables of 550 inhabitants of 
the Kish area. 

An interesting discovery was made this year in tracing three 
lots of barley in some of the pottery jars excavated from the low 
strata of the ruins of the ancient city of Kish. Botanical investi- 
gation disclosed the fact that this barley is of the six-rowed variety 
(see Plate VI), and this, as far as is known here, is the first actually 
brought to light in Mesopotamia. Barley seeds of the four-rowed 
variety were formerly discovered at Nippur. The six-rowed type is 
the characteristic prehistoric barley which was known to the Indo- 
European nations, numerous examples of which have been found 
in the Swiss lake dwellings. It is this species which was taken along 
by the Anglo-Saxons on their migration from their original home 
to the British Isles and then cultivated by them in England. In view 
of the discovery of the six-rowed barley at Kish the conclusion 
is now warranted that this cereal, so important in the development 
of agriculture, was first brought into cultivation at a prehistoric 
date in Mesopotamia where the wild species also occurs, and that 
the cultivated species was diffused from that center to all other 
countries of the Near East, Egypt, and Europe. 

Curator Berthold Laufer completed the manuscript of a detailed 
study entitled Geophagy in which the curious practice of earth-eating 
is traced in China and all other parts of the ancient and modern world. 
Numerous new data and results of research are contained in the work. 
He also contributed a number of articles to scientific publications 
of this country, Canada, and England. 

Professor Frank E. Wood, a volunteer worker in physical 
anthropology, spent the first part of the year in the computation 
of averages, indices, and coefficients of the 300 Peruvian skulls 
measured by him last year. He also gave a preliminary cleaning 
and treatment with shellac to the forty Eskimo skeletons obtained 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 55 

by Dr. W. D. Strong in Labrador, and measured about half of 
the skulls. He made the mathematical computations based on the 
measurements of 200 living Eskimos taken by Dr. Strong, and 
prepared the plates and descriptions of trepanned skulls from 
Peru to be used in connection with Professor Roy L. Moodie's 
work on Roentgenologic Evidences of Disease and Injury in Ancient 
Unopened Mummy-packs from Egypt and Pre-Columbian Peru, in 
Field Museum of Natural History. 

Botany. — The collections of the Department of Botany were 
greatly enriched during 1929 by the results of the several expeditions 
conducted by the Department or with which it cooperated. The 
most valuable additions to the Department's collections were pro- 
cured in this manner. 

Of greatest importance was the Marshall Field Botanical Expedi- 
tion to the Amazon, which with its separate divisions amounted 
in effect to two expeditions. This expedition got under way at the 
end of January when Acting Curator B. E. Dahlgren, accompanied 
by Mr. Emil Sella of the Department's Staff, sailed from Jackson- 
ville for Belem, the Brazilian port usually known as Para from the 
name of the state of which it is the capital. The departure of the 
third member of this expedition, Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Assistant 
in Wood Technology, who was to proceed to Iquitos, Peru, to collect 
herbarium specimens and woods, was delayed until later in the year 
when weather conditions would be more favorable for his work. 

Headquarters were established in Belem, at the mouth of the 
Amazon. This city, close to the equator, has two well-known 
museums of its own, the Museu Paraense, better known as the 
Museu Goeldi, devoted to natural history, and the Museu Commer- 
cial, dealing with forest and other economic products of the region. 

In view of the almost total absence from the Department's 
collections of specimens from this region, of the strategic location of 
the city at the entrance to the entire Amazonian river system, and 
its importance as the principal point of export for the tropical pro- 
duce of a region as large as all of Europe, it seemed to possess great 
possibilities as a collecting ground. It was hoped to obtain material 
for the Department's exhibits, collections of woods and other 
economic material, and interesting specimens to be reproduced for 
the Hall of Plant Life. The Department had long desired to make 
first-hand acquaintance of the possibilities and conditions for work 
in this region, which undoubtedly has more to offer in the way 
of collecting and material for study than any other part of the 



56 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

American continents. The presence of the two museums in Belem, 
both devoted exclusively to the natural history and products of 
the region, also offered unusual advantages. 

The rainy season was selected for arrival at Para, as it had 
the important advantage of being the general time of ripening for 
most of the fruits it was hoped to obtain, which could not be had 
in the drier season. The rainy months, however, turned out to be 
far wetter than usual. Nevertheless, it was decided to collect 
immediately in Para and environs all the material possible, especially 
that for plant reproductions and the economic material offered by 
the markets. 

Previous field work in the American tropics had already supplied 
the Department with most of the easily obtainable economic plants 
to be found there, but it was evident that in spite of this there 
could be secured at once many important items with which to enrich 
the exhibits. Some of these had long been on the Department's 
list of principal desiderata, e.g., the souari nut, Caryocar, of which 
two species were common under the names of piquia and piquiarana, 
and the sapindaceous climber, Paullinia sorbilis, the guarana of the 
Amazon. The ground-up fruits of the latter are usually marketed 
in stick form, and used in the preparation of a drink by the same 
name, which has stimulating properties similar to tea, coffee, or 
cola, due to the presence of an alkaloid of the nature of caffein. 
Since the loss by Brazil of its virtual monopoly of the world's 
rubber trade through the establishment elsewhere of plantations 
of the Brazilian rubber tree from seeds obtained on the Amazon, 
the export of guarana as well as of rubber seeds has been forbidden. 
The plant is little cultivated, but it is interesting to learn of the 
recent establishment farther up the river of a Japanese plantation 
for the production of guarana. 

An excellent coca shrub, almost a small tree, was found in flower 
in the botanical garden of the Museu Goeldi, far from its native 
habitat, which is Peru. A fine specimen of this was secured and 
prepared for the exhibits, where a place has long been reserved for it. 
It is the source plant of cocain. An excellent specimen of cinchona, 
the source of quinine, was also obtained in one of the small towns 
farther up the river. Attractive-looking big clusters of the farina- 
ceous fruit of the pupunha, or peach palm, were to be seen almost 
daily in the market of Belem, and photographs and specimens were 
easily obtained of this and various other fruits characteristic of the 
locality. While fruits could readily be bought in the market, it was 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 57 

not always so simple to find in each case a tree in bearing from 
which to obtain an adequate botanical specimen, because the pro- 
duce sold in the Para market generally was brought by small sailing 
vessels from various more or less distant points. 

Among the most desirable collections made for the exhibits were 
branches of the principal kinds of rubber trees. Properly reproduced 
from formalin specimens with the aid of the photographs, molds, 
and color sketches that were always prepared for such items, and 
exhibited together with their respective trunks showing the methods 
of tapping, they will enable the Department to make a comprehen- 
sive rubber exhibit based on Amazon material. For this purpose as 
complete a collection of specimens as could be made was secured of 
the various kinds and grades of rubber and caoutchouc from various 
localities. This material will be given place in the Department's 
exhibit of industrial raw materials which is to be reorganized in Hall 
28 during the coming year. 

The vegetable oil industry is assuming increasing importance in 
northern Brazil, the city of Belem having several mills for the 
production of oils and fats, chiefly from palm seeds, e.g., babassu, 
murumuru, and others. Samples of the fruits used and their respec- 
tive oils, edible or otherwise, were obtained. Tobacco of various 
types in characteristic and curiously wrapped packages, mandioca 
or cassava products in their various forms, different varieties of 
cacaos cultivated there, and various beans, seeds, palm fibers, and 
woods were likewise collected. 

The number of woods in this region is extraordinary, though as 
a matter of fact only a relatively small proportion of them have as 
yet found general use in the woodworking industries or in special 
applications. The Museum's foreign wood exhibits include some 
Brazilian woods, but these are all from eastern and southern states 
of the country. Woods from the large Amazon region have hitherto 
been entirely unrepresented. Planks that were secured of the twenty- 
five principal species of commercial woods of Para will thus fill an 
important place. 

For the Herbarium a valuable collection of some 2,500 numbers 
was secured from the vicinity of Belem and from other points visited. 
The important herbarium of the Museu Goeldi was examined in its 
entirety and every courtesy was extended by the museum officials, 
especially Messrs. Siqueira Rodrigues and Bento Chermont. With 
the kind assistance of the latter, who is curator in charge of 
the botanical collections, a selection was made of type specimens 



58 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

to be photographed. Most of these were of the little-distributed 
plants of the famous Brazilian botanist Huber, a few were types 
of plants described by the Brazilian botanist Ducke, and a few 
were co-types of Ule, selected for special reasons. This work was done 
in connection with the Department's program, begun this year with 
the aid of an appropriation from the Rockefeller Foundation, for 
obtaining photographs of type specimens of tropical American and 
South American plants. One of the rooms in the expedition head- 
quarters was used for the photography. The Museum acknowledges 
with deepest appreciation the cooperation given to its expedition 
by the officials of the Museu Goeldi. 

The Acting Curator made a trip to the near-by state of Maranhao 
and to various points along the coast, including Ceara, Parahyba, 
and Bahia, obtaining in each locality the most available and charac- 
teristic woods and products. In this connection should be acknowl- 
edged gifts of cacao and a carefully prepared set of specimens of 
tobacco donated by Epiphanio Souza Cruz and Company of Bahia. 
A small collection of the wood of Ceara was obtained in Fortaleza. 
Trips were made also on the Amazon to Marajo, to Santarem at the 
mouth of the Tapajoz, up the river Tapajoz to Boa Vista, and to 
Manaos. 

A visit to the Henry Ford concession at Boa Vista, where the 
Field Museum party for several days enjoyed the hospitality of 
the management, proved especially interesting and resulted in the 
collection of several hundred specimens. Felling of the forest for 
the planting of rubber trees was about to end for the season, but 
was still in progress at the time the visit was made. The Museum 
party had thus an exceptional opportunity to test out the possibili- 
ties of obtaining wood and herbarium specimens in the wake of 
the woodcutters. Collecting from small trees seldom presents any 
insuperable difficulty, at least none beyond that of climbing or 
felling the trees, but the near impossibility of obtaining flowering 
or fruiting branches from forest giants has always been baffling to 
botanists. It would therefore seem that in a place such as the Ford 
concession, where cutting operations are conducted on a large 
scale and even the very largest species are felled to make room for 
plantings, it should be a simpler task to secure adequate specimens, 
but this proved far from being the case. The fall of a forest giant 
is no small matter. As it begins to topple, many times carrying 
with it smaller trees in the way, it gathers momentum until it hits 
the ground with a terrific crash, the concussion resulting in a cloud 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 59 

of torn foliage and flowers as if an explosion had taken place. Leaves 
and pitch continue to whirl in the air for minutes and in descending 
scatter far and wide. An examination of the tree top afterwards 
often shows it to be practically stripped with not a flower to be 
found, where previously it had been literally covered with them. 
The one very great actual advantage of collecting woods where 
trees are being felled on a large scale lies in the possibility of obtain- 
ing with facility not only herbarium specimens but proper specimens 
of the wood, including a good representation of the heart- as well 
as sap wood. 

The courtesies extended to the Museum party on this occasion 
are most gratefully acknowledged and thanks are due especially 
to the resident director of the work, Captain Erno Oxholm, to the 
physician in charge of personnel and sanitation, Dr. Clarence Falles, 
and to Mr. Earl Bricker and Mr. R. G. Carr. In connection with 
the stay in Para thanks should be extended to the American Consul, 
Mr. Gerald Drew, for his invariably helpful attitude and valuable 
suggestions. 

After the close of the work in Para the Acting Curator returned 
to Chicago, stopping en route in southern Brazil, and visiting the 
botanical garden and its herbarium in Rio, and the herbarium in 
Sao Paulo to make arrangements for photographing type specimens 
there. It is expected that from both of these places there will be 
secured certain additions to the collection of negatives which is 
described elsewhere in this Report. The visit to these herbaria 
and the work accomplished in Para at the Museu Goeldi emphasize 
the desirability of confining for the present the work of gathering 
photographs of type specimens to the larger, more important 
botanical centers where types are to be found in great numbers 
and where photographs may thus be secured with a minimum of 
effort and expense. 

Mr. Williams, in charge of the other division of this expedition, 
spent most of the year in the field searching for material to increase 
the study series of the Department. Leaving Chicago in March, 
he sailed from Savannah, Georgia, for Brazil, and proceeded to 
Belem. There he spent only a few days, but was able to form a 
small collection of plants. He then proceeded up the Amazon River 
by steamer to Iquitos, Peru, at the head of navigation, where he 
established headquarters for his season's work. From Iquitos he 
made numerous voyages by canoe along the tributaries of the 
Amazon. Extended trips, each consuming several weeks, were made 



60 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

up the Itaya and Nanay Rivers, and down the main river as far as 
the Brazilian frontier. He thus visited many localities which 
doubtless had never been seen previously by a botanist. 

That his work has been successful is proved by the bulk and 
quality of the material already received in Chicago. This consists 
of 9,500 well-prepared herbarium specimens, and of 1,088 specimens 
of Peruvian woods. The wood specimens are of unusual value, due 
to the fact that corresponding herbarium material was obtained in 
each case from the same trees and shrubs from which the wood 
samples were taken. It is only thus that one can be certain as to 
the identity of the wood material, which, if not referable to its 
proper genus and species, is worthless for scientific purposes. This 
really huge wood collection, when thoroughly studied and reported 
upon, will furnish data concerning the wood products of the wet 
forests of eastern Peru, such as are available for no other part of 
tropical South America. The region is immensely rich in tree 
species, and is known to produce many kinds of lumber, some of 
which may prove to be of importance to the woodworking industries 
of the United States and Europe. 

The herbarium specimens collected by Mr. Williams form the 
most desirable addition to the Museum Herbarium which it would 
be possible to obtain. They will be cited in the flora of Peru upon 
which Assistant Curator J. Francis Macbride is now engaged, and 
they will enable him to cover satisfactorily a portion of Peru which 
hitherto has been almost unknown botanically. It is expected 
confidently that the collection will prove astonishingly rich in new 
species of Peruvian plants, and that it will provide extensions of 
range for others known at present only from Brazil. Mr. Williams 
will remain in Peru until early summer in 1930, and by that time 
probably will have doubled the collections already received from him. 

Dr. August Weberbauer, well-known botanist of Lima, Peru, 
conducted for Field Museum the Marshall Field Expedition of 
1929 to Peru. Dr. Weberbauer's similar activities in preceding 
years have brought to the Museum an enviable amount of excep- 
tionally desirable herbarium material to be utilized in the prepara- 
tion of the flora of Peru, which is to be published by the Museum. 
His collections, although not so extensive as those obtained by some 
other collectors, are of outstanding value because of the fact that 
he is thoroughly familiar with the Peruvian flora, and collects only 
those plants which seem to him new or rare. On this account, his 
Peruvian collections always have been found to be rich in plants 
previously unknown to botanists. 





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In February and March Dr. Weberbauer spent more than a 
month in the field, and obtained 888 carefully prepared and annotated 
specimens of plants. His work was performed in the southern 
province of Cuzco, from which the Museum has possessed but 
scant material. He collected particularly in the region of Marca- 
pata, and the majority of his plants were gathered at high altitudes. 
Their study doubtless will reveal a large number of species new to 
the Peruvian flora, which already has been found to be so extensive. 

Dr. Weberbauer's collections, with those of Mr. Williams, and 
the fine series presented by Professor Fortunato L. Herrera, of the 
University of Cuzco in Peru, and Mr. Oscar L. Haught, of Negritos, 
Peru, make a quite unprecedented addition to the Museum's 
Peruvian herbarium. When further material now expected has 
been received, it seems certain that Field Museum will possess a 
representation of the Peruvian flora which cannot be matched 
elsewhere in the world. 

The most important systematic work ever undertaken by the 
Department of Botany was initiated during 1929. It was first 
proposed and planned by Acting Curator Dahlgren, and it has 
been placed in operation through a fund generously supplied for 
the purpose by the Rockefeller Foundation. 

In systematic botanical work, which has to do primarily with 
the naming and classification of plants, it is essential that specimens 
be named accurately. This can be done with perfect satisfaction 
only by comparison of the plant to be named with the first, original 
or type specimen, upon which the Latin name of the plant originally 
was based. Field Museum has many such types, but since the 
Herbarium has been developed wholly within the past thirty-three 
years, the number is comparatively small. Large numbers of 
type specimens exist in some eastern herbaria, particularly in the 
Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, where are deposited the 
collections studied by America's greatest botanist, Asa Gray, and 
also in the herbarium of the United States National Museum in 
Washington. 

In the United States during recent years a great deal of attention 
has been devoted to exploration and study of the botanical features 
of South and Central America. The early students of the South 
American flora were all Europeans and the types of most species 
described from South America are preserved in European herbaria, 
many of the species not being represented at all by any specimen 
in American institutions. In order to determine properly the 



62 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

recently accumulated collections, it is necessary to have access to 
some of these historic type specimens, this being obtained 
ordinarily only by a visit at considerable expense to Europe for 
the purpose. For purposes of determination, a photograph of the 
type specimen, especially when accompanied by a fragment of 
leaf or flower of the original, is almost as helpful as the actual 
specimen itself. The value of such photographs has long been 
recognized by botanists, but the number of photographs made 
has been small, because of lack of funds for the purpose. 

In 1929 Field Museum was granted by the Rockefeller Founda- 
tion a substantial sum to be used in photographing type specimens 
of American plants preserved in European and South American 
herbaria. The grant is to be continued for three years, and it is 
believed that the results will be of unprecedented value to American 
botanists in facilitating study of the tropical American flora. The 
negatives obtained in this manner are to be preserved in Field 
Museum, and prints of them will be available to other institutions 
which may wish to bear the actual cost of their printing. It is 
believed that no other development of recent years can have such 
far-reaching and helpful results as this in the promotion of sys- 
tematic and floristic work upon tropical American plants by the 
systematic botanists of the United States and other parts of the 
American continents. 

During the summer Acting Curator Dahlgren had prepared at 
Belem, Brazil, 819 negatives of type specimens of Brazilian and 
Peruvian plants preserved in the Museu Goeldi. These specimens, 
representing chiefly species described by the eminent Brazilian 
botanist Huber, heretofore have been quite unavailable to North 
American botanists. The photographs will be exceedingly useful 
in the determination of recent Brazilian collections acquired by 
Field Museum and equally so to other institutions interested in 
the study of the flora of that country. Many of the species repre- 
sented are forest trees yielding valuable lumber, and it is expected 
that some of these will be associable with the collections now being 
made along the upper Amazon by Mr. Williams. 

Further work under the Rockefeller Fund for the Photographing 
of Type Specimens is now being conducted by Assistant Curator 
Macbride in Europe. Mr. Macbride left Chicago at the end of 
July, going to Berlin, where he has been engaged since that time. 
He has received the most cordial support from Dr. Ludwig Diels, 
Director of the Berlin Botanical Garden and Museum, and from the 






Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 63 

entire staff of the museum. Every facility has been provided for 
photographing the unequaled series of South American types owned 
by the garden, and the work has been successful far beyond 
reasonable expectations. More than 2,000 negatives already have 
been prepared under Mr. Macbride's supervision, and although 
they have not yet been received by Field Museum, prints made 
from some of them demonstrate that they are of superior quality, 
and will form an indispensable addition to any institution interested 
in the identification of tropical American plants. The types of 
several large and important families have been selected for photo- 
graphing, especially types from the Andes of South America. 
Since most active American systematic botanists are interested to 
some extent in this region, it is believed that the results of the 
completed collection will be eminently and immediately helpful 
to American botanists generally. The Museum is greatly indebted 
to the Rockefeller Foundation for its sponsorship and financing of 
this highly important scientific work. 

Field Museum acknowledges with the deepest appreciation the 
cordial interest and the generous cooperation of the director and 
staff of the Berlin garden, which has resulted in the favorable 
accomplishment of this project. It is gratifying to be able to 
record, also, the promises of cooperation received from the directors 
of other European herbaria, where it is expected that the work 
will be continued during the next few years. 

The Department of Botany shared in one of the Museum's 
zoological expeditions, the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedi- 
tion to Eastern Asia. Mr. F. Kingdon Ward, the well-known 
English collector of Chinese plants, who has introduced into 
European and American gardens so many beautiful plants from the 
Chinese mountains, was attached to this expedition. In March 
and April, 1929, he collected plants in the southern Shan states 
and Burma, and in May and June he botanized in upper Laos, 
Indo-China. The Museum received a collection of approximately 
400 herbarium specimens which he collected in these two areas. 

Mr. Herbert Stevens, in connection with his zoological work 
as a member of the same expedition, made a large collection of 
plants in the high mountains of the province of Szechwan, China. 
It is composed largely of herbaceous plants, many of them alpine 
species, and it amounts to more than 2,400 specimens. When 
determined, as it is expected they will be with the cooperation of 
specialists upon the eastern Asiatic flora, these collections will 



64 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

make a useful addition to the Herbarium, which needs a much 
better representation of the flora of eastern Asia. Asiatic specimens 
often are helpful for comparison with American material, since it 
has long been known that the floras of China and the United States 
have much in common. 

As evidence of the continued and increasing use being made 
of the Museum's Herbarium may be mentioned the fact that during 
1929 there were published at least thirty-seven papers based wholly 
or in part upon its collections. Some of these papers were written 
by members of the Staff; others by persons who had visited the 
Museum and consulted the Herbarium, or had borrowed specimens 
for study elsewhere. 

Professor Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood 
Technology, published in Tropical Woods, a periodical issued by 
Yale University School of Forestry, a paper upon the "Trees and 
Shrubs Collected by F. C. Englesing in Northeastern Nicaragua." 
The material upon which the paper is based is deposited in the 
Museum's Herbarium, and the determinations were made by 
Associate Curator Paul C. Standley. 

Mr. Standley published eighteen papers based wholly or in 
part upon the Museum collections. The most important of these 
are two long papers bearing the title, Studies of American Plants, 
printed in Volume IV of the Botanical Series of Field Museum. 
These are devoted chiefly to descriptions of new species which were 
included in the abundant collections received here for determination. 

In association with Professor Leslie A. Kenoyer, of Western 
State Teachers' College, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Associate Curator 
Standley published a Supplement to the Flora of Barro Colorado 
Island, Panama, with five plates, which was issued as No. 6, 
Volume IV, of the Botanical Series of Field Museum. In Tropical 
Woods there appeared nine articles which Mr. Standley had pre- 
pared. Most of them dealt with new trees recently discovered 
in Central and South America. One described a new genus of trees 
from Peru, collected on one of the Marshall Field Expeditions to 
Peru, and named Macbrideina, in honor of its discoverer, Assistant 
Curator Macbride. Another paper by Mr. Standley which appeared 
in Tropical Woods contained a brief biographical sketch of Captain 
John Donnell Smith, the eminent botanist of Baltimore, who died 
in 1929 at the age of ninety-nine. 

Mr. Standley and Mr. Macbride published jointly in Volume 
XXXI of Rhodora a paper entitled "A New Form of Red Cedar 




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from Indiana." This described Juniperus virginiana var. Bremerae, 
which was discovered recently in the dunes near Port Chester, 
Indiana. 

Assistant Curator Macbride published in Volume XIX of the 
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences two papers dealing 
with problems of nomenclature. In a paper with the title Sper- 
matophytes, Mostly Peruvian, which was issued as No. 7 of Volume 
IV of the Botanical Series of Field Museum in July, 1929, he de- 
scribed a large number of interesting new plants from Peru, obtained 
in the course of the Marshall Field Expeditions to that country. 
He published, also, in Tropical Woods three shorter papers discussing 
plants of Peru and other parts of South America. 

Mr. Llewelyn Williams published in No. 20 of Tropical Woods a 
paper entitled "The Wood of Caryodendron angustifolium Standley," 
dealing with one of the new trees discovered by the Marshall 
Field Expedition to Panama, 1928. 

Dr. William Trelease of Urbana, Illinois, in a paper entitled 
"New Piperaceae from Central America and Mexico," printed in 
Volume XIX of the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 
described no less than thirty-six new species and varieties of plants 
of the pepper family. Many of them were collected in northern 
Honduras by Associate Curator Standley, and the types of all of 
them are in the Museum Herbarium. 

Professor E. E. Watson, of Michigan State College, Lansing, 
Michigan, in Contributions to a Monograph of the Genus Helianthus, 
an exhaustive account of the sunflowers native in the United 
States, cited many specimens from the Herbarium of Field Museum. 
Two of the new species which he described were based upon type 
specimens belonging to this Herbarium. 

Miss Nellie V. Haynie, of Oak Park, Illinois,, published in 
Volume XXXI of Rhodora two papers reporting plants of the 
Chicago region. She very kindly deposited in the Museum Herba- 
rium the specimens upon which the records were based, in order 
that they might be preserved permanently. 

Professor M. L. Fernald, of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard 
University, published in No. 83 of the Contributions from the Gray 
Herbarium, issued in March, 1929, a description of a new blue- 
grass, Poa labradorica, based partly upon specimens collected by 
the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition. 

Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip, of the United States National Museum, 
published in Volume XIX of the Journal of the Washington Academy 



66 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

of Sciences a paper with the title "New Plants Mainly from Western 
South America. II," in which he described a new plant, Loasa 
vestita, whose type is in Field Museum. Dr. S. F. Blake, of the 
United States Department of Agriculture, was the author of another 
paper in the same volume, entitled "New Asteraceae from the 
United States, Mexico, and Honduras," in which there were de- 
scribed two new plants discovered in Honduras by Associate Curator 
Standley. There appeared in No. 20 of Tropical Woods a paper, 
"A New Peruvian Capparis," by Mr. Oscar L. Haught, of Negritos, 
Peru, who has contributed so much interesting Peruvian material 
to Field Museum Herbarium. The type specimen of this new 
species is in the Museum collections. 

The research work of the Department of Botany, as well as the 
care and identification of the collections, has been greatly facilitated 
by the ample additions made during the year to the Library through 
the acquisition of important books, especially certain ones pub- 
lished years ago and now very difficult to acquire. The Department 
now has an excellent working library, at least for the study of 
American plants. The liberal policy of the Museum regarding 
the development of the Botanical Library resulted in the purchase 
of most of the desirable works relating to tropical American plants 
which were offered for sale during the year. There were acquired, 
also, several important books dealing with extra-American plants, 
such as a set of Oliver's Flora of Tropical Africa, and Ascherson and 
Graebner's Synopsis der mitteleuropdischen Flora. 

Most important of the botanical works received were the many 
volumes needed to complete the Museum's set of Curtis' 's Botanical 
Magazine, whose thousands of fine plates are so necessary for 
determinative work with tropical American plants. A unique 
addition to the library was a photostat copy of Ruiz and Pav6n's 
fourth volume of the classical Flora Peruviana. Three imposing 
volumes of this monumental and basic work were published at 
the end of the eighteenth century. They are seldom offered for 
sale, but the Museum is fortunate in possessing one of the few 
complete sets in America. Plates were engraved for a fourth 
volume, but the letterpress never was issued. Only three or four 
copies of the plates are known to exist. From one of these sets, 
in the library of the British Museum, through the courtesy of the 
director of that institution, the photostat copy now at Field Museum 
was obtained. So far as known, no representation of these plates 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 67 

is owned by any other American library. The plates represent 
many plants peculiar to Peru and are almost indispensable to a 
study of that country's flora. 

The year has been a busy one for the Staff of the Department 
of Botany because of the unusually large amount of material 
received, especially in the Herbarium. The care, labeling, deter- 
mination, and distribution into the Herbarium of this material 
have severely taxed the resources of the Staff. 

Especially urgent have been the requests from many corre- 
spondents for assistance in the determination of material. Some 
idea of the activity of the Herbarium Staff may be gleaned from 
the fact that during the year there have been determined and 
reported more than 13,000 specimens of plants. Of this material, 
5,944 specimens were sent to Field Museum on loan, and were 
returned after they had been named. Of the specimens determined 
7,134 were retained for the Museum's Herbarium. They included 
much of the most valuable material acquired by the Department 
during 1929, particularly specimens of numerous new species of 
which descriptions were prepared and either have been published 
or are in the course of publication. 

Numerous lots of plants were received for determination from 
many parts of the United States, ranging from New England to 
California, and from correspondents in such widely separated 
countries as Mexico, British Honduras, Guatemala, Salvador, 
Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Venezuela, 
Sweden, England, the Union of Socialistic Soviet Republics, 
Hawaii, the Philippine Islands, Japan, Denmark, France, and 
Germany. Material from still other countries also was determined, 
but was received from persons in the United States or Europe. 

The monographic work upon the family Rubiaceae begun in 
1928 by Associate Curator Standley has been continued during 
1929. The Rubiaceae constitute one of the largest tropical American 
groups, and include such important plants as coffee, cinchona, 
and ipecac. 

The prosecution of the work has been aided by the cooperation 
of other herbaria, which have been generous in lending the South 
American material in their keeping. More than 5,000 specimens 
of Rubiaceae were received on loan from the Royal Botanic Gardens, 
Kew, England, the Royal Natural History Museum of Stockholm, 
the Jardin Principal Botanique of Leningrad, the University 
Botanical Museum of Copenhagen, the United States National 



68 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Museum of Washington, the Gray Herbarium of Harvard Uni- 
versity, the New York Botanical Garden, the Philadelphia Academy 
of Sciences, and the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 
All this material was critically determined and annotated before 
being returned to the senders. Photographs were made of type 
specimens and of species not represented in the Herbarium 
of Field Museum. These have been placed in the Herbarium, 
and it now contains a more complete representation of South 
American Rubiaceae than exists anywhere else in the United 
States, if not in the whole world. The negatives will be placed 
with other negatives of types which are being obtained abroad. 

As a result of the study of this large amount of material, with 
that of the Museum's Herbarium, there has been prepared a sys- 
tematic account of that family as represented in each of the follow- 
ing countries: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 
The first of these papers, that devoted to the Colombian Rubiaceae, 
is now in press, to be issued as the first part of Volume VII of the 
Botanical Series of Field Museum. 

Associate Curator Standley spent a great deal of time in the 
determination of the collection of plants which he made in Honduras 
in 1927-28, and this work has been nearly completed. As had been 
expected, the collection was found to contain a large number of 
new species, descriptions of many of which have since been pub- 
lished. A paper was prepared enumerating the trees of Honduras, 
and it will appear early in 1930 in Tropical Woods. Another paper, 
listing the woody plants of Siguatepeque, Honduras, will be printed 
soon in the Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. The Flora of the 
Lancetilla Valley of Honduras, which will consist of a complete 
report upon the 1927-28 collection and be practically a flora of 
the north coast of Honduras, has been almost completed. 

The Flora of Yucatan, which has been in preparation for several 
years, was completed by Associate Curator Standley near the 
close of the year, and submitted for publication as the concluding 
part of the third volume of the Botanical Series of the Museum. 
A paper entitled Studies of American Plants— III also was sub- 
mitted for publication toward the end of the year. 

Assistant Curator Macbride, during the first half of 1929, 
before leaving for Berlin to engage in the work of photographing 
type specimens, devoted most of his time to preparation of the 
manuscript of the flora of Peru, which is now well advanced. 
During the year he prepared the portions dealing with several 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 69 

larger and more important families, particularly the Solanaeeae 
or potato family, and began work upon the very large group, 
Leguminosae. 

In the work of determination of Illinois and other United States 
plants, Mr. H. C. Benke of Chicago, as in past years, was generous 
in donating his time, and was of invaluable assistance, especially 
in the case of such difficult groups as grasses, asters, and goldenrods, 
with which he is thoroughly familiar. Dr. Earl E. Sherff, of Chicago, 
rendered valuable assistance in the determination of Compositae, 
especially of those groups, such as Bidens and Cosmos, with the 
revision of which he is engaged. 

Assistant Curator James B. McNair has made a very useful 
card index of plants that contain large quantities of starches, 
sugars, gums, tannins, resins, drying oils, semi-drying oils, non- 
drying oils, fats, and waxes. These cards give family, species, and 
common names, places where native and cultivated, percentage of 
the respective substances yielded, and part of the plant in which 
located. 

The information tabulated in a paper written by Mr. McNair, 
and now in press, on the differential analysis of starches makes it 
possible to analyze readily a sample of starch so as to distinguish 
it among some 300 starches and thus to determine not only the 
plant family, genus and species of its origin, but, in some cases, 
the variety as well — for example, sweet corn from dent corn. 

Another paper on oils, also by Mr. McNair and now in press, 
points out the relationship between the habitat of plants and charac- 
teristics of their oils and fats, including information helpful in 
the differential analysis of plant oils and the identification of their 
botanical sources. 

A third paper, on gums, tannins, and resins, likewise prepared 
by Mr. McNair, indicates the relation between plant habitat and 
gum, tannin, and resin content, their relation to each other, to 
specific plants, and their possible function in plants. 

A botanical leaflet by Mr. McNair on Indian corn will soon go 
to press. This leaflet, dealing with the most important agricultural 
crop in the United States, should be popular and of wide interest 
in a locality which is the principal corn market of the country and 
the center of the corn producing area. It includes a consideration 
of the origin of corn, its varieties and areas of present cultivation, 
its use by the Indians, and its present importance, including the 
various chemical products manufactured from it, such as solvents, 
starch, oil, paper, and wall board. 



70 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

A substantial amount of time was devoted by the Staff of the 
Herbarium to the distribution of duplicate material, which had 
accumulated in large quantities and occupied space urgently- 
needed for other purposes. During the year 34,623 duplicate 
specimens were distributed in exchange to a large number of institu- 
tions and individuals. Part of this material consisted of duplicate 
sets of the plants collected in Yucatan by the late Dr. George F. 
Gaumer, of Izamal, Yucatan, and some of it represented duplicate 
mounted sheets removed from the Herbarium, but the greater part 
consisted of miscellaneous duplicate material from the United States, 
and of the duplicates of recent tropical American collections received 
for study. This duplicate material was distributed to thirty-five 
institutions and individuals in the United States, and to sixteen 
herbaria of Europe and Canada. It is expected that there will be 
received in return a large amount of material useful for the Her- 
barium of Field Museum, and, in fact, several important sets of 
South American plants already have been received as a direct 
result. 

Loans made from the Herbarium during 1929 amounted to 976 
specimens, lent to fourteen institutions and individuals for study 
or for determination. To the Missouri Botanical Garden were 
lent 197 sheets of Ayenia and Halenia, for use in the preparation 
of monographic accounts of those genera. To Mr. E. R. Bogusch, 
of the University of Illinois, there were lent fourteen specimens of 
Phlox, for critical study, and to the United States National Museum 
299 specimens of the same genus, for examination by Dr. E. T. 
Wherry, who is monographing the group. To Professor Ralph W. 
Chaney, of the University of California, there were lent forty-one 
specimens of tropical American plants, for use in his investigations 
of certain fossil floras of the western United States. Other loans 
were made to the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University and to 
the New York Botanical Garden. To Dr. Gunnar Samuelsson of 
Stockholm were sent on loan forty-three specimens of Epilobium to 
be used in the preparation of an account of the South American 
representatives of the genus. The loan of all this material is useful 
not only to the persons by whom it is studied, but also to Field 
Museum, since it results in the critical determination of the speci- 
mens, thus greatly enhancing their value for study purposes. 

As in past years, the Museum has received valuable and greatly 
appreciated assistance from botanists of the United States and 
Europe in the determination of material of certain difficult or critical 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 71 

groups of plants. In most cases it has been possible to submit for 
determination duplicate specimens which might be retained as a 
return for the labor of making the determinations. 

Among those who have rendered important aid in such deter- 
minative work should be mentioned the following: Mr. Edwin B. 
Bartram of Bushkill, Pennsylvania, who determined the mosses 
collected in Honduras by Mr. Standley and prepared an account 
of them, which has been published by the Museum; Dr. Theodor 
Herzog of Jena, Germany, who is studying the hepatics of the 
same collection, and Dr. G. Einar Du Rietz, of Upsala, Sweden, 
who is determining the lichens; Dr. William Trelease, of Urbana, 
Illinois, who has named a large number of plants of the Piperaceae, 
or pepper family; Professor Oakes Ames, of the Botanical Museum of 
Harvard University, who has identified orchids; Dr. B. L. Robinson, 
Dr. I. M. Johnston, and Mr. Lyman B. Smith, of the Gray Herba- 
rium of Harvard University, who have determined material in the 
various groups in which they are especially interested; Professor 
M. L. Fernald, of the same herbarium, who very kindly named the 
collections of the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expeditions of 
Field Museum; Dr. William R. Maxon, of the United States National 
Museum, who has determined many ferns; Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip 
and Mr. Emery C. Leonard, of the same museum, who have named 
specimens of special groups; Dr. S. F. Blake, of the United States 
Department of Agriculture, who identified the Compositae collected 
in Honduras by Associate Curator Standley, as well as material of 
the same family from other regions; Dr. A. S. Hitchcock and Mrs. 
Agnes Chase, of the United States Department of Agriculture, who 
have given important assistance in the naming of tropical grasses; 
Dr. N. L. Britton and Dr. H. A. Gleason, of the New York Botanical 
Garden, who have determined plants of several groups; Dr. C. L. 
Shear, of the United States Department of Agriculture, who has 
supplied determinations of fungi; and Mr. Kenneth K. Mackenzie, 
of Maplewood, New Jersey, who has identified specimens of the 
genus Carex. 

The Department has received during the year many personal 
and telephone calls from persons in Chicago who wished to obtain 
assistance or information regarding botanical matters, and in most 
instances it has been possible to supply the information desired, 
sometimes in matters of considerable importance. Many specimens 
of plants have been brought or sent to the Herbarium with requests 
for their names by residents of the Chicago area. Appeals received 



72 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

by mail for information upon a wide range of botanical subjects 
required a substantial amount of time for answer. The Depart- 
ment also has been called upon frequently for aid regarding botanical 
subjects by the other Departments of the Museum. 

The Staff of the Department has been pleased to receive many 
visits from botanists who wished to consult the collections, or 
observe the method of their installation. Professor H. M. Hall, 
of the University of California, spent some time in examining 
material of the Compositae. Mrs. Eva M. Roush and Miss Mildred 
E. Mathias, of the Missouri Botanical Garden, studied the herba- 
rium collections of Malvaceae and Umbelliferae. Professor Ralph 
W. Chaney, of the University of California, spent several days in 
comparing fossil plants with specimens in the Museum's Herbarium. 

Among other visitors may be mentioned Mr. Heinrich Teuscher, 
formerly of the Morton Arboretum; Mr. T. Naito of the Imperial 
College of Agriculture and Forestry of Kagoshima, Japan; Professor 

C. H. Kauffman of the herbarium of the University of Michigan; 
Professor A. 0. Garrett of Salt Lake City; Dr. G. R. Wieland of 
Yale University; Professor E. B. Mains of Purdue University; 
Professor Leslie A. Kenoyer of Western State Teachers' College, 
Kalamazoo; Dr. N. E. Fassett of the Department of Botany of 
the University of Wisconsin; Mr. CD. Mell of New York; Dr. E. 

D. Merrill, Director of the New York Botanical Garden; and Dr. 
Th. Just of Notre Dame University. Several students of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago have visited the Herbarium in order to study its 
collections. 

Geology. — Associate Curator Henry W. Nichols spent the last 
two weeks of July collecting in the volcanic regions of Mount 
Taylor, New Mexico. A large and valuable collection illustrating 
the surface features of the lava beds and volcanic cones in that 
locality was secured. Headquarters were maintained at Grant, New 
Mexico, within easy reach by automobile of the Tertiary lavas of 
Mount Taylor and the San Mateo Mountains to the north, and of 
recent craters and lava flows of the Zuni Mountains to the south. 
The district covered is largely in the United States Forest Reserve. 
The cordial and efficient cooperation of the United States Forest 
Ranger, Mr. J. H. Mimms, who knew the smallest details of the 
topography and lava flows, permitted an unusually complete collec- 
tion to be made, with great economy of time. Thanks to his assist- 
ance, tedious prospecting for good collecting grounds was entirely 
eliminated. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 73 

Perhaps the most interesting specimens were those secured from 
Flagpole Crater on the Zuni Mountains. This cone and crater are 
in perfect condition, and their lava and ashes are as fresh and 
unaltered as if just cooled from a late eruption. The rim of the 
crater was reached with some difficulty, on account of the loose 
cinders covering its steep slopes. This rim is a level surface about 
forty feet wide, of coarse, black cinders, interrupted in places by 
projecting pinnacles and masses of brown lavas which take very 
grotesque forms. The crater, which is slightly elliptical, is about 
1,000 feet in diameter and has an estimated depth of 400 feet. 
From the cone, numerous contorted and stalactitic shapes of light- 
brown lava, covered with a siliceous glaze, were secured, as well 
as fragments of the spindle-like volcanic bombs, black scoria and 
light-gray lapilli or ashes of the size of fine gravel. The ice caves 
about a mile from this crater, where large bodies of ice persist 
throughout the summer, were visited but yielded no specimens of 
importance. 

On a basalt flow from the Tintero Crater the lava was found to 
be as fresh as if recently cooled, and many specimens illustrating 
surface features as well as such phenomena as steam holes, flow 
structures, scoria, et cetera, were collected there. Among the speci- 
mens secured in the Zuni Mountains were two slabs, two by three 
feet each, which illustrate two aspects of the rough malpais surface 
of the cooled lava, which was thrown into extraordinary forms by 
the turbulence induced by escaping steam during solidification. 
Several lighter slabs, about a foot square, show other interesting 
aspects of this lava surface. This lava is underlaid by large caverns 
left when the molten lava of the interior of the lava stream had 
continued to flow after the exterior had cooled. In many places 
the roofs of these caverns had fallen, thus giving access to their 
interiors. However, no specimens of interest were observed in these 
openings. 

One day was spent near the government ranger station in 
Canyon Lobo near Mount Taylor. Here numerous specimens illus- 
trating the features of the older lava were secured. A trip to another 
part of Canyon Lobo provided specimens of volcanic bombs, pumice, 
obsidian, flow structures, agglomerates, and similar material. A bed 
of wind-blown volcanic ash near Grant which has altered to ben- 
tonite was visited and specimens secured. A visit to the neighboring 
town of Blue Water yielded two other varieties of fine, wind-blown 



74 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

ash, some silicified wood, septaria, and other material. The soil of 
the district is a typical loess formed from wind-blown dust, and a 
characteristic specimen of this was secured. 

The volcanic neck, Alesna, which lies north of Mount Taylor, 
was visited, studied, and photographed during a violent storm, 
in the course of which lightning bolts were repeatedly seen striking 
into the impressive basalt spire which points hundreds of feet into 
the air. Material found here proved to be quite unsuited for exhibi- 
tion and was not collected. Two other volcanic necks of a similar 
nature were studied, one about half a mile from Alesna, and the 
other in Canyon Lobo. The latter showed some very unusual 
features. 

While the collections were being secured, about 100 photographs 
of volcanic and topographic features were taken. Altogether, 173 
specimens were collected and 100 photographs made. 

A short field trip was made by Associate Curator Elmer S. 
Riggs and Preparator P. C. Orr to Argos, Indiana, in order to 
recover a specimen of mastodon which had been encountered in 
digging an open ditch at that place. Through the generous coopera- 
tion of Mr. P. C. Yoder, the ditching contractor, and Mr. William 
Bower, the landowner, a fine specimen of Mastodon americanus, 
consisting of a skull with both tusks and lower jaws and more than 
half of the remainder of the skeleton, was recovered. Another find 
investigated at Beecher, Illinois, on the same trip, failed to produce 
any results of importance. 

Further excavation was carried on during the year, in part 
under Museum auspices, at the historic fossil bone-bed near Minooka, 
Illinois, first discovered in 1902. Former Judge George Bedford of 
Morris, who was one of the discoverers of this locality and is an 
enthusiastic amateur collector of fossils and artifacts, undertook 
upon his own responsibility the further exploration of the bone-bed. 
This was located in a small bog from which a spring issued. From 
it parts of seven skeletons of mastodons of various sizes and ages 
had previously been removed. Mr. Bedford, during August, 1929, 
personally supervised exhaustive excavations and presented to the 
Museum the collection there secured. This collection consists of 
three jaws, various tusks, a pelvis, leg and foot bones, vertebrae, 
ribs, and numerous other parts of mastodon skeletons, together with 
a pair of lower jaws and a fine tusk of the Columbian Mammoth, a 
skull, antler, and leg bone of an extinct genus of moose, Cervalces, 
and various bones of bison and other more modern animals. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 75 

As opportunity permitted, Curator 0. C. Farrington continued 
investigation of new meteorite falls. Descriptions of six of these, 
the Bishop Canyon, Kofa, Navajo, Santa Luzia, South Byron, and 
Tilden falls, were completed during the year, and considerable prog- 
ress was made in the study of the Coldwater and Lafayette meteor- 
ites. These studies included complete chemical analyses by Associate 
Curator Nichols. 

Curator Farrington prepared a Museum leaflet on Famous 
Diamonds, and, in collaboration with Assistant Curator Henry Field, 
one on Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man. Associate Curator Nichols 
prepared a leaflet on Cement. All of these were published during 
the year. Manuscript for a leaflet on The Evolution of the Horse by 
Associate Curator Riggs and Preparator Bryan Patterson was 
nearly completed during the year. 

Professors William B. Scott and William J. Sinclair of Princeton 
University completed their studies of the groups of South American 
fossil mammals collected by the Marshall Field Paleontological Expe- 
ditions which had been submitted to them for investigation, and 
these studies were seen partially through the press during the year. 
They inaugurate Volume I of the Geological Memoirs of the Museum. 
Professor Scott's paper is on A Partial Skeleton of Homalodontotherium 
and gives a nearly complete description of this hitherto little known 
large South American mammal. It also provides data for determin- 
ing the true taxonomic position of two important orders of extinct 
South American mammals, the relations of which have hitherto been 
obscure. In Professor Sinclair's paper some new species of South 
American fossil marsupials are described. 

Two other geological publications issued by the Museum during 
the year were Contributions to Paleontology by Assistant Curator 
Sharat K. Roy, and The Mineral Composition of Some Sands from 
Quebec, Labrador and Greenland, by Dr. J. H. C. Martens. Mr. 
Roy's paper described one new genus and ten new species of various 
fossil forms. In Dr. Martens' paper the compositions of sands from 
a region of cold climates and recent weathering are described. His 
studies were made on specimens which he collected as a member 
of the First Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of Field 
Museum. During the year, Assistant Curator Roy has been engaged 
in the study of the fossils of the Frobisher Bay region and on some 
Drift fossils from Labrador which he collected while on the Second 
Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of Field Museum. The 



76 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

results of these studies will soon be ready for publication, as will 
also Mr. Roy's studies of the fossil plants of Gilboa, New York, 
specimens of which he collected in 1926. 

The demands upon the Department Staff by correspondents and 
visitors for information have been increasingly large during the year, 
and a considerable amount of time has necessarily been devoted to 
this work. Inquiries were received from 426 correspondents and 
162 visitors, as well as an unrecorded number by telephone. 

Zoology. — Eight zoological expeditions were in the field during 
1929, including some of the largest and most important ever con- 
ducted under the Museum's auspices. The major ones were the 
following: William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern 
Asia for Field Museum, Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field 
Museum, Harold White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of 
Field Museum, Chancellor-Stuart-Field Museum Expedition to the 
South Pacific, Thorne-Graves-Field Museum Arctic Expedition, and 
Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas. 

In addition to the larger expeditions to remote parts of the 
world, certain field work was also conducted nearer home. Mr. 
Ashley Hine worked in southern Arizona collecting birds, and 
Messrs. Julius Friesser and Arthur G. Rueckert made a brief trip 
into Canada for the purpose of obtaining Arctic plants and other 
accessory material needed for the preparation of exhibits. Prior 
to the lamentable death of Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe in India, he 
made some further collections in that country for the Museum. 
Cooperation was continued with the American Museum of Natural 
History in connection with the Third Asiatic Expedition of that 
institution. 

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia, 
as stated in the 1928 Annual Report, left the United States in 
November, 1928. This expedition was made possible through the 
generous support of Mr. William V. Kelley, a Benefactor and, more 
recently, a Trustee of the Museum. During 1929 it was carried 
through to a successful conclusion, resulting in a great enrich- 
ment of the Museum's zoological collections. 

The objects of this expedition were to obtain certain very rare 
animals in remote parts of western China, to provide material of 
high quality for exhibition in habitat groups in William V. Kelley 
Hall, and to make additions to knowledge by intensive collecting 
in little known regions in northern French Indo-China and in south- 
western China. In order to carry out this program, it was necessary 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 77 

to divide into several parties, at least one of which should be able 
to travel rapidly, obtaining information as to rare animals from 
native sources, and concentrating its efforts upon these particular 
animals rather than upon general collecting. Accordingly, Colonel 
Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, with their friend 
and co-explorer, Mr. C. Suydam Cutting of New York, constituted 
themselves into a fast-moving first division. A second division 
including several able naturalists, under the leadership of Mr. 
Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., was organized for detailed collecting in 
French Indo-China; and a third division, consisting only of Mr. 
Herbert Stevens of Tring, England, worked slowly and carefully 
in western China. 

The first division proceeded via Bombay and Calcutta to 
Rangoon, and thence by rail and boat up the Irrawaddy River 
to Bhamo, near the border between Burma and China. Thence travel 
was northeastward by pack train via Tengyueh to Talifu, an old 
and well-known city in the province of Yunnan. From here the 
trail led almost directly north to Likiang and beyond into very 
elevated and difficult country where camps were seldom lower than 
10,000 feet and where passes rose to more than 16,000 feet. On 
February 26, after more than three weeks' continuous mountain 
travel, much of the way in country frequented by bandits, the 
party reached Tatsienlu, principal settlement in the province of 
Szechwan. On the way, a little hunting was done near Muli on 
Mount Gibboh, where a specimen of the goat-antelope known as 
the serow was obtained. Somewhat farther on, near Chuilung, a 
deer related to the Indian sambar was taken, this being one of the 
northernmost records for the species. 

As they worked northward, the hunters made frequent inquiries 
regarding the occurrence of large animals, but until they reached 
Tatsienlu they were not encouraged to give much time to hunting 
for the great panda or giant panda, which was a prime objective of 
the expedition. This bear-like animal had never been killed by 
white hunters, and although a few specimens from native sources 
had come out to European museums, they had been in most cases 
somewhat imperfect and poorly preserved. Reliable information 
about it was difficult to obtain, and it seemed quite certain that 
even after its habitat was located it would be very rare and hard 
to find. A first trial for it was made in a region only two days' 
travel to the northward from Tatsienlu, but this proved to be 



78 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

based on false reports and the party returned to Tatsienlu. On 
this short trip, however, several specimens of the burrhel or blue 
sheep were obtained. 

On March 6, the party left Tatsienlu to proceed eastward to 
Mouping, where definite information was forthcoming to the effect 
that at least one giant panda had been seen and killed in that region 
about ten years before. With this scant encouragement and with 
the knowledge that the original discovery of the animal had been 
in this vicinity, six days were devoted to intensive hunting in the 
hills near Mouping. This was laborious work near the timberline 
and through heavy bamboo growth in which one can see but a 
short distance. Old traces of the animal sought were found, but 
in spite of the best efforts of the Roosevelts and fourteen native 
hunters who accompanied them, no large game was sighted. In 
one place, however, they encountered a troupe of the rare and 
beautiful monkeys known as the golden or snub-nosed monkeys 
(Rhinopithecus) and nine specimens were collected. 

From Mouping the expedition turned southward to the old 
walled village of Yachow and thence through fairly populous valleys 
to Tzetati and Tsalo. Near this last place word came that giant 
pandas might be found in the country of the Lolo tribe adjoining 
this Chinese outpost. Hence a special hunt was arranged in the 
vicinity of a place called Yehli at about latitude 29° 15' north and a 
little north of the Chinese village of Tachow. This took place on April 
13 and was crowned with success. The trail of a panda was found 
and, by persistent tracking through snow patches and thickets of 
bamboo, the animal itself was finally sighted and killed by the 
joint fire of Theodore and Kermit Roosevelt. Its skin and the 
entire skeleton were carefully prepared, and after very friendly 
relations with the supposedly savage and hostile Lolos, the party 
proceeded at once to Tachow and Lokow, and thence to Ningyuan 
by boat on the Amning River. 

From Ningyuan, the expedition pushed through rapidly by 
caravan to Yunnanfu, arriving on May 3. Here rail connection 
was made for Hanoi in French Indo-China, and by coasting steamer 
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt hastened south to Saigon to prepare 
for hunting big game in the province of Cambodia. Meanwhile, 
Mr. Kermit Roosevelt found it necessary to return at once to the 
United States. Colonel Roosevelt hunted in the hot lowlands for 
seladang, banting, and water buffalo to fulfill requirements for large 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 79 

habitat groups of these animals for the Museum. He worked under 
great difficulties without expected assistance and obtained a sufficient 
number of the needed specimens to ensure the building of the groups. 

The second division of the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition was 
organized for more detailed work with a somewhat larger personnel, 
as follows: Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., of Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, division leader; Mr. Russell W. Hendee, of Brooklyn, 
New York, mammalogist and artist; Dr. Ralph E. Wheeler, of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, physician and naturalist; and Dr. 
Josselyn Van Tyne, of Ann Arbor, Michigan, ornithologist. 

This division arrived in Hanoi in northeastern French Indo- 
China on February 1, after a main base had already been established 
in Hue" in the province of Annam and some preliminary collecting 
done near that coastal locality. On February 9, the expedition 
proceeded by rail from Hanoi to Lao Kay on the Chinese border of 
northern French Indo-China in the province of Tonkin. Subsequent 
work was confined almost entirely to the central and western part 
of this province, and in the adjoining province of Laos, a moun- 
tainous region difficult of access and not previously explored by 
zoologists. 

From Lao Kay, the party traveled westward by pack train for 
seven days to Lai Chau in the vicinity of which work was carried 
on until April 14. At this place a division was effected by which 
Messrs. Coolidge and Hendee worked in neighboring localities to 
the northward while Messrs. Van Tyne and Wheeler worked to 
the southward. Rejoining at Lai Chau, they then continued west- 
ward for ten days to Phong Saly, which formed another base of 
operations. 

Here work was continued until June 6, but, while the others 
remained, Mr. Hendee started on May 14 to push out rapidly for 
Saigon in Cochin China where he expected to meet Colonel Theodore 
Roosevelt and assist him in collecting large mammals for group 
purposes. At this time the onset of the rainy season brought in- 
creased hazards to health and made further travel with horses 
impractical. Therefore, in accordance with previous plans, the 
return to the coast was made by river travel which was possible 
for more than a thousand miles via the great Mekong River and 
its tributaries. 

Shortly after Mr. Hendee left the other members of the party 
he was attacked by a malignant malarial fever. This was about 
May 27, two days after leaving Luang-Probang on a well-appointed 



80 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

raft by which weekly mail service is maintained between that point 
and Vientiane. Sharing the raft with him was M. Chevalier, a 
French inspector of schools, who gave him all possible care; but 
the fever increased and when the raft reached Vientiane, June 3, 
he was in a very serious condition. Here he was taken to a hospital 
and placed under the care of two French physicians, Dr. Luisi and 
Dr. Cardirat. In spite of their best efforts to save him, he died 
three days later. The sad news was communicated to his colleagues 
who were then on their way to Luang-Probang by the route he 
had just taken. They hurried on to Vientiane where, with great 
sympathy and full cooperation extended by the French officials, 
appropriate services were held. 

On July 7, Messrs. Coolidge, Van Tyne, and Wheeler arrived 
with the collections at their original base at Hue* in the province 
of Annam. At this time two of them also were suffering from 
tropical illness, and all were shocked and saddened by the recent 
untimely death of their comrade, whom they all greatly admired. 
They proceeded to Saigon and there disbanded on July 22, returning 
by various routes to the United States. 

Mr. Herbert Stevens, traveling in western China, for the most 
part alone, constituted a third division of the Kelley-Roosevelts 
Expedition. He accompanied the Roosevelt brothers a short distance 
beyond the border between Burma and China, and then on January 5 
he continued northward from Tengyueh with his own caravan, 
working slowly and making varied collections on the way which 
were impossible for the fast-moving first division. Mr. Stevens 
spent the entire month of February collecting in the big bend of the 
Yangtze Kiang, a little north of Likiang in the province of 
Yunnan. In the latter part of March he entered the province 
of Szechwan, and after spending the greater part of May at a place 
called Wushi in the mountains southwest of Tatsienlu, he worked 
out in various directions from Tatsienlu during June, July and 
August. He first went south to Ulongkong, then northwest to 
Kwanchai, and then east and northeast into the Mouping district 
whence he reached Yachow, and finally Kiating. From this point 
he ceased active work and descended the Yangtze Kiang River to 
the coast at Shanghai. 

By the division of its personnel into sections, by well-directed 
effort in particular regions, and by the employment of trained 
natives to assist in the preparation of specimens, the Kelley-Roose- 
velts Expedition in a single season brought together a very large 



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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 81 

and important collection. This includes not only the very rare and 
striking giant panda, but selected examples of large hoofed animals 
for habitat groups, and a greatly varied collection of the entire 
vertebrate fauna of a little-known part of the world. The collection 
of birds is augmented by 920 selected specimens from Siam, obtained 
through a fortunate purchase from Mr. C. F. Aagard, a resident 
collector, whose work extended over a period of years. The total 
number of zoological specimens to be credited to the expedition is 
15,397, of which 1,479 are mammals, 5,194 birds, 453 reptiles, 
438 fresh-water fishes, and 7,833 insects. In addition there are 
2,400 sheets of plants. 

The Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum, 
sponsored and led by Mr. Cornelius Crane, son of Mr. Richard T. 
Crane, Jr., Trustee and Benefactor of Field Museum, sailed from 
Boston November 16, 1928, on Mr. Cornelius Crane's brigantine 
auxiliary yacht, the Illyria. The personnel included three friends of 
Mr. Crane's, Messrs. Sidney N. Shurtleff, of Boston, Charles R. 
Peavy, of Mobile, Alabama, and Murry Fairbank, of New York. 
Mr. Shurtleff served as photographer for the expedition. The 
scientific staff included Assistant Curator of Reptiles Karl P. 
Schmidt, of Field Museum, leader of the scientific section; Dr. 
W. L. Moss, of Harvard University Medical School, physician and 
anthropologist; Dr. Albert W. Herre, of Stanford University, 
ichthyologist; Mr. Walter A. Weber, of Field Museum, artist and 
ornithologist; and Mr. Frank C. Wonder, of Field Museum, taxi- 
dermist and field collector of mammals. 

The IUyria's first stop for collecting was made at Port-au- 
Prince, Haiti, where the party was cordially received by Brigadier 
General John H. Russell, High Commissioner of the American 
Mission. Material aid was given by the members of the Service 
Technique. While three members of the party collected birds and 
reptiles in the mountains to the south of Port-au-Prince, at alti- 
tudes of 4,000 to 6,000 feet, Dr. Herre, with the aid of the Service 
Technique, collected fishes from the fresh waters of the Republic. 

The expedition reached Panama December 11. While altera- 
tions and repairs were being made to the Illyria at Balboa, the 
scientific party spent nearly the entire time at Barro Colorado 
Island, the research station and wild life reservation maintained 
by the Institute for Tropical Research in America, and there 
collected a representation of the rich and varied animal life of the 
Panama jungle, which is typical of the American tropics. 



82 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

After a brief visit to Cocos Island, where specimens of the four 
species constituting the only land birds known to the locality 
were secured, the expedition sailed to the Galapagos Islands. In 
this famous group four of the larger islands were visited, and col- 
lections of remarkable animals, birds, and reptiles were made by 
Messrs. Schmidt, Weber, and Wonder, while the rest of the party 
was engaged in fishing and in photography. Notable among the 
collections obtained were living specimens of the giant tortoises 
of Indefatigable Island; complete shells of the tortoise of Charles 
Island, which has been extinct for nearly a century; specimens of 
the flightless birds, penguin and cormorant, native to the archi- 
pelago; and specimens and studies of the remarkable large lizards, 
the marine and land iguanas. 

The voyage of some 3,000 miles to the Marquesas was made 
under sail. Two islands, Hiva-oa and Nukahiva, were visited. 
The scantiness of animal life on these well-watered islands was in 
notable contrast to its abundance on the arid Galapagos. 

En route to Tahiti, two stops were made in the Tuamotu 
Islands, at Takaroa and at Makatea. The stay at Papeete, the 
capital of French Oceania, was occupied largely with packing and 
shipping of specimens. Grateful acknowledgments are due to 
M. Bouge, the Governor of French Oceania, and to the Vice- 
Governor of the Marquesas for their cordial reception of the 
expedition in French territory. 

After a brief stop at Bora-bora, the Illyria sailed to Suva, 
Fiji Islands. Two weeks, March 10 to 24, were spent in Fiji, 
collecting fishes, birds, reptiles, and bats. Much aid was received 
by the party from Dr. John D. Tothill, Director of Agriculture 
for the Fiji Islands. 

In the New Hebrides, where the expedition stopped from 
March 27 to April 7, at Malekula, Malo Island, and on the largest 
of the group, Espiritu Santo, collections of birds, bats, and reptiles 
were accumulated. Mr. Crane and several members of the party 
visited the Big Nambas tribe on West Malekula, under the guid- 
ance of the British agent, Mr. Adam. The collectors were assisted 
at Hog Harbor by Mr. W. T. Robertson, a resident. 

Upon arrival at the Solomon Islands, hornbills were seen for 
the first time; parrots with extraordinarily brilliant plumage were 
abundant; and fruit-bats, already encountered in several species 
in the New Hebrides, were still more abundant and varied. Rep- 
tiles were here supplemented by an abundance of frogs, several 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 83 

of which were remarkable for curious coloration or other char- 
acteristics. One of the most remarkable of the skincoid lizards, 
the large prehensile-tailed Corucia, was secured from natives. 
Reef fishing was constantly productive, not only of brilliantly 
colored fishes, but also of the remarkable marine snakes, of which 
one species was extremely abundant in the Solomons. The itin- 
erary in the Solomons included Ugi, Tulagi, Malaita, Ysabel, 
Kulambangra, New Georgia, and Shortland Islands. The period 
from April 10 to April 24 was spent in these islands. 

A stop of some days at Rabaul, New Britain, the capital of 
the territory of New Guinea, enabled the expedition to ship accumu- 
lated collections and to prepare for the long sail along the coast 
of New Guinea. Mr. George Murray, a relative of Captain Selden 
Boutilier of the Illyria, is director of agriculture for the territory, 
and he was most cordial and helpful during the party's stay in 
New Britain. 

Stops were made on the north coast of New Guinea at Lae 
in Huon Gulf; Madang and Sek in Astrolabe Bay; on the 
Sepik River; in Australian territory; and at Manokwari in Dutch 
New Guinea. The voyage up the Sepik, under the guidance of 
Father Franz Kirschbaum, of the Catholic Mission of the Society 
of the Holy Word, was one of the most notable portions of the 
whole route, both for its view of the interior of New Guinea with 
its extraordinary animal life, and for the glimpse of the no less 
remarkable tribes which inhabit its banks. The Illyria reached the 
junction of the May River with the Sepik, a point some 450 miles 
from the sea. Besides interesting contacts with the diverse cultures 
of the tribes of the lower, middle, and upper river, visits were 
made to tribes on the May River which had only once before seen 
white men — on the visit of a German expedition seventeen years 
before. A small anthropological collection was made among these 
people. Collections of birds, mammals, and reptiles were made, 
chiefly at Marienberg. The collection of fishes made by trade 
with the natives seems to represent a fauna previously unknown. 

Waigeu Island is known to naturalists from descriptions of 
Wallace and Guillemard. The Illyria was anchored in one of its 
bays from June 4 to June 9. The short stay made general collect- 
ing difficult, but notable collections of fishes were made. At Ternate, 
official visits to the Resident occupied the brief duration of the 
Illyria's stay. 



84 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

The anchorage chosen for the work of the expedition in Celebes 
was Lembeh Strait, between the small island of Lembeh and the 
tip of the great northern peninsula of the main island. Aided by 
Malay hunters, the party secured a representation of the remark- 
able Celebesian fauna, including dwarf buffalo, babirusa, wild 
pig, deer, monkeys, and a great variety of small game. 

The volcanic islands of the chain between Mindanao, southern- 
most of the Philippines, and the northern peninsula of Celebes, 
form a series of stepping-stones for the collecting of the marine 
fishes of the two islands, the relations of which were of special 
interest to Dr. Herre on account of his eight years of work on 
the Philippine fishes. The expedition made a stop of two days at 
Sangir Island, almost midway between Mindanao and Celebes, 
primarily to collect fishes from the bays and reefs. 

The expedition concluded its principal itinerary at Sandakan, 
British North Borneo, where the Illyria arrived on June 27. Mr. 
Crane, with Dr. Moss and Messrs. Peavy, Fairbank and Shurtleff, 
returned to the United States after leaving the Illyria at Surabaya 
and making a brief tour of Bali, Java, Siam, and Indo-China. 
Dr. Herre returned to America later. 

Messrs. Schmidt, Weber, and Wonder, after ten days of collect- 
ing in the vicinity of Sandakan, proceeded to Zamboanga, where 
an important addition to the series of plaster molds of fishes for 
exhibition was made, after which Messrs. Schmidt and Weber 
returned to the United States via Manila, reaching Chicago 
September 3. After a further ten days' collecting in Mindanao, 
Mr. Wonder returned to North Borneo and made important addi- 
tions to the collections of mammals, birds and reptiles, including 
specimens and accessories for a group of orang-utan. His work, 
extending to August 29, concluded the field collecting of the 
Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition. 

The Illyria, with Captain Boutilier and crew, returned to 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, via the Suez Canal. 

The results of the expedition, in specimens collected, amount to 
12,000 fishes (estimate) ; approximately 2,000 reptiles and amphibi- 
ans; 1,228 birds; and 879 mammals. Some 2,000 invertebrates 
were collected, including 75 vials of termites, a series more than 
twice as extensive as any previous collection of termites from the 
Pacific islands. 

Notable elements in the fish collection are the series of new 
forms from the Sepik River, the brilliantly colored novelties added 



Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XI 




RAGWEED (Ambrosia elatior) 

Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) 

The most abundant of the ragweeds of the Chicago region, and probably the principal 

source of hay fever pollen 

Reproduced in Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories 

One-fourth natural size 



mm m * warn 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 85 

to the Philippine fauna, and the series of molds and color notes 
for use in the preparation of exhibition specimens for Field Museum's 
new Hall of Fishes. 

Among the amphibians and reptiles, the more interesting 
results of the expedition include observations on the habits of 
Galapagos reptiles; the collection of specimens of the extinct 
Charles Island tortoise; the notable series of specimens from the 
Fiji Islands, Solomon Islands, and New Hebrides; a fine series of 
the two species of crocodile from New Guinea, amply substantiat- 
ing Assistant Curator Schmidt's recently described Crocodilus 
novae-guineae ; and a representation of the fauna of New Guinea, 
Celebes, Borneo, and the Philippines hitherto altogether lacking 
in Field Museum's collections. 

The birds brought back by the expedition add numerous genera 
and species of especially brilliantly colored or otherwise remark- 
able forms, many of them prepared for exhibition in the Museum's 
Systematic Bird Hall. The pigeons, cockatoos, lories, hornbills, 
and birds of paradise reach their maximum development in the 
regions visited, some of them being confined to the New Guinean 
region. The series of paintings and color notes of birds prepared 
by Mr. Weber in the course of the expedition form a valuable 
supplement to the collection. 

The mammals obtained by the expedition add important genera 
and species to Field Museum's collection. The collection of bats 
includes thirty-two species, and the fruit-bats (Megachiroptera) 
obtained more than double the total representation of this group 
formerly in Field Museum. An interesting discovery was made on 
the barren Galapagos of a new species of rodent. This addition 
to the small but significant mammal fauna of those islands has 
been named Nesoryzomys darwini Osgood, and is described in a 
Museum publication issued in 1929. Other noteworthy mammals 
include New Guinean and Celebesian marsupials, monkeys, pigs, 
deer, the dwarf buffalo of Celebes, and a representation of the 
lowland fauna of Borneo. 

The special equipment carried by the Cornelius Crane Pacific 
Expedition, including cold storage facilities, diving helmets for 
undersea observations, and power launches for local transportation, 
contributed to effective work even in localities where only brief 
stops were made. The result is a substantial addition to Field 
Museum's collections both for exhibition and for study. 



86 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

The Harold White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of Field 
Museum, as stated in the Annual Report for 1928, left New York 
in October, 1928. This expedition was wholly financed by Captain 
Harold A. White, of New York, and Major John Coats of 
Ayrshire, Scotland, both of whom actively participated in the 
undertaking. In addition to the two principals, the personnel of 
the expedition included Mr. George E. Carey, Jr., of Baltimore, 
Maryland, and Mr. C. J. Albrecht, of Field Museum's staff of 
taxidermists. There were also connected with the party as photog- 
raphers and associates Messrs. Charles Ohneiser and E. Steineger 
of Berlin, and M. Hubert of Paris. 

The principal members of the expedition left Addis Ababa, 
the capital of Abyssinia, on December 13, 1928, and proceeded 
south through the province of Arussi to Mount Kaka, on the slopes 
of which about a month was spent in general hunting. Later they 
were met by the others with their main supply caravan of mules 
and camels at Gatela in the province of Sidamo, a short distance 
east of the southern end of Lake Abaya. 

The chief base camp of the expedition was made south of the 
Bisan River. From there hunting was carried on westward to 
the Sagan River near the border of the province of Boran. There, 
forty-six days in March and April were spent in fulfilling the prin- 
cipal object of the expedition, which was to obtain selected examples 
of the reticulated giraffe and other large mammals for use in a 
proposed "water hole" group of African game animals. In this 
region five fine giraffes, and various specimens of oryx, koodoo, 
Grant's gazelle, hunting dogs, and one aard-vark were taken. 

Later in April the expedition moved south to Mount Kunchorro, 
finding water very scarce and conditions of travel correspondingly 
difficult. Thence they turned west and reached the bed of Lake 
Stephanie but, finding it wholly dry, they turned back at once 
and made southeastward to Mount Mega in southern Boran, not 
far from the Kenya border. This region yielded an interesting 
series of dik diks, including several which are nearly pure white 
and appear to represent an instance of local albinism which threatens 
to supersede the normal type of coloration. Three specimens of 
the rock or mountain reedbuck also were taken on Mount Mega. 

In June the expedition moved on to Moyale at the Kenya 
border, and thence by motor some 600 miles to Nairobi, success- 
fully transporting its accumulation of skins of large mammals to 
this metropolis and shipping point in first-class condition. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 87 

With the especial object of obtaining specimens for a lion 
group, a month's trip was then made to the Zerengetti Plains in 
Tanganyika. Here, in a relatively short time, six fine lions includ- 
ing both old and young were obtained, and in addition a good 
black rhinoceros, two aard-varks, several zebras, and more Grant's 
gazelles for use in the water hole group. 

The expedition finally disbanded in Nairobi, Mr. Albrecht 
leaving for the United States August 5 and reaching Chicago 
September 20. Some time later the collections were received in 
excellent condition. Captain White and Major Coats must be 
given great credit for carrying through a difficult program, trav- 
ersing a region largely waterless and subject to restrictions imposed 
by loosely governed natives. But for the cordial cooperation of 
Negus Tafari Makonnen of Abyssinia, again graciously accorded 
a Field Museum expedition, it would have been impossible. The 
Negus, it will be remembered, generously cooperated also with the 
Field Museum-CTwcagro Daily News Abyssinian Expedition of 
1926-27. 

The results of the Harold White- John Coats Expedition provide 
material for a group of lions, a group of aard-varks and a water hole 
group, which, as projected, will be the largest habitat group ever 
produced at Field Museum. This group will include five reticulated 
giraffes, a black rhinoceros, a herd of eight or ten Grant's gazelles, 
several zebras, and some smaller animals. 

The expedition was not equipped for general collecting of small 
animals, but concentrated on the group material. Nevertheless, 
a few small mammals were obtained, and also certain interesting 
and valuable birds. Among these is a series of the Abyssinian 
blue goose, a species of restricted range, which is rare in collections. 
There is also a good representation of the game birds of the fran- 
colin group, including one specimen of an entirely unknown species 
very distinct from those previously described. 

The Chancellor-Stuart-Field Museum Expedition to the South 
Pacific left San Francisco February 20 for New Zealand, Australia, 
and the East Indies. The expedition consists of Mr. Philip M. 
Chancellor of Santa Barbara, California, and Mr. Norton Stuart, 
also of Santa Barbara. Mr. Chancellor, who is financing the expedi- 
tion, acts as photographer to the expedition. Special equipment 
for intimate photographic studies of living animals, including a 
diving bell for undersea work, is carried. Mr. Stuart, who is an 



88 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

expert technician and museum preparator, is equipped for collect- 
ing and, to a certain extent, actually preparing exhibition material 
in the field. 

The object of the Chancellor-Stuart Expedition was to obtain 
specimens, accessory group material, and careful, first-hand life 
studies of certain rare and interesting animals, especially reptiles, 
of which some of the most extraordinary forms now living are found 
in the Australasian and East Indian regions. Its plans also included 
some reconnaissance travel for the purpose of making contacts 
and obtaining preliminary information for use in a second expedi- 
tion proposed for 1930. At the close of 1929 the expedition had not 
yet returned, but reports received from it indicated that its main 
objects had been successfully achieved. 

Messrs. Chancellor and Stuart arrived in Wellington, New 
Zealand, about March 14. On the South Island of New Zealand 
they obtained by special permission two specimens of the tuatara 
lizard or Sphenodon, one of the most peculiar of living reptiles, 
very primitive in character and of much zoological interest. Here, 
also, was secured material for a small group of the flightless bird 
known as the kiwi. 

From New Zealand they crossed to Sydney, Australia, and made 
a short trip through New South Wales, Victoria, and South Aus- 
tralia for reconnaissance purposes. Returning to Sydney, they 
sailed to Batavia, Java, which served as headquarters for several 
months. One of their especial quests was the waraan or giant 
lizard of Komodo Island, a Dutch possession little known and 
seldom visited. 

Messrs. Chancellor and Stuart took up the matter of per- 
mission to collect specimens of the Komodo lizard with Mr. Coert 
du Bois, American Consul-General at Batavia, and through his 
good offices and those of Dr. K. W. Dammerman, Director of the 
Zoological Museum at Buitenzorg, they were invited to join a 
Dutch expedition to Komodo for the purpose of obtaining such 
specimens as seemed justifiable. 

The joint expedition sailed from Batavia October 8, and on 
November 6 sent the welcome news that two fine specimens of the 
giant lizard had been secured for Field Museum. One of these 
is reported to be nine feet in length and the other eight feet ten 
inches. These specimens with accessories and field notes will 
provide material for one of the largest and most striking exhibits 
of the Museum's Hall of Reptiles. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 89 

During July and August, while negotiations regarding the 
Komodo trip were pending, the expedition visited the interior of 
Sumatra and there obtained two fine specimens of the reticulated 
python. One of these, a male, measures twenty-four feet ten inches 
in length and the other, a female, twenty-one feet three inches. 
With them was collected a clutch of eighty-one python eggs. The 
reticulated python is the largest of living snakes and is characterized 
by an intricate and beautiful color pattern, altogether providing 
a highly desirable creature for museum exhibition. 

From Komodo, the expedition returned to Batavia and thence 
to Australia for further work in that country with the intention of 
reaching the United States about February 20, 1930. Although 
the material collected by this expedition has not yet reached Field 
Museum, the reports of its success are very gratifying. Mr. Chan- 
cellor's expressed intention of continuing similar work in the future 
and of financing not only field work but subsequent preparation 
of material gives promise of very important contributions to science 
and education. 

The Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the 
Bahamas was carried out during the spring and early summer of 
1929. This expedition was for the primary purpose of obtaining 
material for a series of large groups of fishes in undersea settings 
for the Museum's projected new Hall of Fishes. The work involved 
not only the collection of numerous fishes but also of large quantities 
of corals, sea fans and other delicately formed and beautifully 
colored undersea life in which the fishes have their habitat. 

Mr. J. E. Williamson of New York, well known for his undersea 
photography and his unique equipment for submarine observations, 
was engaged for the season with his staff, his floating gear, and his 
special apparatus. One of Field Museum's taxidermists, Mr. 
Leon L. Pray, was assigned to work with him during a period of 
ten weeks. 

Mr. Williamson left New York for Nassau on March 15 and 
was joined by Mr. Pray about April 1. The Governor of the Baha- 
mas cordially afforded them facilities for their work. Headquarters 
were established at Sandy Cay, a small island near Nassau, which 
was placed at their disposal by the owner. Here, with a shore 
camp and various craft near-by, work was prosecuted intensively 
and very successfully. 

By use of the undersea tube, Mr. Pray was enabled to make 
numerous colored sketches and observations of undisturbed life on 



90 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

the sea bottom and to design and plan the proposed fish groups 
with complete fidelity to nature. Meanwhile, with an abundance 
of local help, fishes of many kinds were taken, cast in plaster, and 
recorded with detailed color notes. Altogether, 190 casts of fishes 
were made, ranging from dainty little angel fish to great sharks. 

By the use of ingenious methods and special gear for heavy 
work, corals of very large size and fragile structure were lifted 
without injury direct from the sea bottom and transported to 
shore where they were carefully prepared, packed and crated for 
shipment. One large palmate coral had dimensions of 10'9"x6 / x4 / 3" 
and is perhaps the largest specimen of the kind ever preserved entire. 
It weighs about two tons. 

The material obtained by the expedition to the Bahamas was 
transported in fifteen large cases to Jacksonville, Florida, where 
it was delivered to the Illinois Central Railroad which gave it 
special handling and delivered it in Chicago with everything in 
excellent condition. It forms the largest shipment of the kind 
ever received at Field Museum and will fulfill the principal and 
immediate needs for the Hall of Fishes. 

The Thorne-Graves Arctic Expedition was organized and 
financed by Mr. Bruce Thorne of Chicago and Mr. George Coe 
Graves II, of New York. Its first purpose was the acquisition of 
specimens of Pacific walrus for a habitat group in the Museum's 
Hall of Marine Mammals. A further object was material for a 
group of Alaskan caribou to fill one of the few remaining spaces 
in the Hall of American Mammal Habitat Groups. 

Messrs. Thorne and Graves chartered the power schooner 
Dorothy, in Seattle, and sent it north early in June with a capable 
crew. Mr. John Jonas, taxidermist of Yonkers, New York, was 
engaged and went north on the Dorothy. Meanwhile, Messrs. 
Thorne and Graves proceeded by mail steamer to Anchorage, 
Alaska, whence they flew by airplane to Nome. There they em- 
barked on the Dorothy and sailed for the Arctic on July 3. Two 
Eskimos were taken aboard at the Diomede Islands and the ship 
then continued to the edge of the Arctic ice pack. Ice conditions 
were very severe and it was necessary to work near the Siberian 
coast. Most of the time was spent in the vicinity of Koliuchin 
Island, scarcely twenty miles from the Asiatic shore, at about 
longitude 175° west. 

Walrus were found in abundance and seven selected specimens 
were taken and preserved for the Museum's group. Several 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 91 

polar bears also were killed. This was done during some rather 
hazardous cruising among the ice floes. At one time the Dorothy 
was fast in the ice, unable to move an inch, and at another her 
rudder was broken by submerged ice, necessitating a difficult 
return to Nome for repairs. 

On July 28 the expedition crossed the Arctic Circle on its return 
journey and seven days later landed at Seward. Here Messrs. 
Thorne and Graves left Mr. Jonas to continue with the ship to 
Seattle, bringing the specimens secured in the Arctic. They then 
started at once with pack horses for the Talkeetna District for 
the fall hunting of caribou and other game. Finding caribou with 
horns still in the "velvet" and unsuitable for the Museum's use, 
they engaged local hunters to secure the needed specimens at a 
later date when in proper condition. On September 27 they sailed 
for Seattle, and somewhat later five specimens of caribou, well 
prepared in accordance with their instructions, were received by 
Field Museum. 

The prompt, energetic, and businesslike way in which Messrs. 
Thorne and Graves undertook and successfully carried out their 
expedition entitles them to great credit. Since their return, Mr. 
Thorne has cooperated further with the Museum by consultation 
with the Staff regarding plans for the preparation of their material 
and, in the case of the walrus group, contributions from Mr. Thorne, 
Mr. Henry Graves, Jr., and Mr. George Coe Graves II, will 
insure its completion in the near future, probably before the end 
of 1930. 

While large expeditions were afield at distant points, Mr. Ashley 
Hine, bird taxidermist of the Museum, spent some weeks in 
Arizona collecting birds especially needed for systematic exhibits 
now under way. He left Chicago April 2 and continued in Arizona 
until June 5. Dr. Alfred Lewy of Chicago voluntarily assisted 
him from April 17 to May 5. One month was spent near Tucson 
where a base was established from which short trips were made 
to the Papago Indian Reservation and the Santa Catalina Moun- 
tains. From May 5 to May 23 work was done in Carr, Ramsey, 
and Miller Canyons in the Huachuca Mountains, at altitudes 
ranging up to 9,300 feet. A total of 323 specimens of birds was 
obtained. 

In the latter part of 1929 an important zoological expedition 
for 1930 was organized under the patronage of Mr. Arthur S. 
Vernay of New York. This is called the Vernay-Lang Kalahari 



92 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Expedition of Field Museum and will have the personal leadership 
of Mr. Vernay. The expedition will be accompanied by two well- 
qualified naturalists and collectors, Mr. Herbert Lang, well known 
for his very successful Congo expedition for the American Museum 
of Natural History, and Mr. W. Rudyerd Boulton, of the Carnegie 
Museum, who was associated with Mr. Vernay on a previous 
expedition in Angola. A further assurance of the success of the 
expedition is the expressed intention of the Imperial Secretary of 
British South Africa, the Honorable Captain B. E. H. Clifford, 
to accompany it part of the time. The expedition also expects to 
meet Mr. Allan Chapman, who will cooperate in the work in Angola. 

Mr. Vernay sailed from New York on December 27 for London, 
whence he will continue in February to Capetown. From there he 
will proceed north by rail to Francistown, where he will meet the 
other members and start westward by motor caravan. It is proposed 
to visit British Bechuanaland, principally the region of the Botletle 
River and Lake Ngami, the northern part of the Kalahari Desert 
and, if conditions are favorable, to continue to the west coast 
through Angola. 

The expedition will carry full equipment for collecting verte- 
brates of all kinds, and a large general collection is to be expected 
as well as certain special animals for Museum exhibits. In Angola, 
by special permission of the Portuguese government, an effort will 
be made to secure specimens of the giant sable antelope for a habitat 
group to be placed in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall. This species, 
which has a restricted range and is rare in collections, is regarded 
by many as the finest of all the antelope tribe. The Museum is 
greatly indebted to Portuguese officials for their cordial assistance. 

The following list indicates the various expeditions and other 
field work conducted during 1929 for all Departments of the Museum: 

Locality Collectors Material 

Kish, Mesopotamia . . . Stephen Langdon Archaeological collections 

(Seventh season) L. C. Watelin 
Rene Watelin 
T. K. Penniman 

West Africa W. D. Hambly Ethnological collections 

British Honduras .... J. Eric Thompson Archaeological and ethno- 

logical collections 

Brazil and Peru B. E. Dahlgren Botanical collections 

Llewelyn Williams 
Emil Sella 

Peru August Weberbauer Botanical collections 



Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XII 




MODEL OF OIL WELL 

The strata are shown as they occur at Lawrenceville, Illinois 

Constructed by H. W. Nichols and Valerie Legault 

Scale of model, five feet to the inch 






of m 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 93 

Europe J. Francis Macbride Photographing botanical 

type specimens 

New Mexico Henry W. Nichols Geological collections 

Indiana Elmer S. Riggs Paleontological collections 

P. C. Orr 

Southeastern Asia . . . Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Zoological, botanical and 

and Kermit Roosevelt ethnological collections 

(joint leaders) 

Harold Coolidge, Jr.* 

C. Suydam Cutting 

Herbert Stevens 

Josselyn Van Tyne 

Russell W. Hendee 

Ralph E. Wheeler 

Pacific Islands and 

East Indies Cornelius Crane Zoological and ethnological 

Karl P. Schmidt** collections 

Albert W. Herre 

W. L. Moss 

Walter A. Weber 

Frank C. Wonder 

Sidney N. Shurtleff 

Murry Fairbank 

Charles R. Peavy 

Abyssinia, Kenya 
Colony, and 

Tanganyika .... Captain Harold A. White, Zoological collections 

and Major John Coats 
(joint leaders) 
C. J. Albrecht 
George E. Carey, Jr. 

India Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe Zoological collections 

New Zealand, 

Australia, and 

East Indies Philip M. Chancellor Zoological collections 

Norton Stuart 

Arctic Ocean and 

Alaska Bruce Thorne, and George Zoological collections 

Coe Graves II 

(joint leaders) 
John Jonas 

Bahama Islands J. E. Williamson Zoological collections 

Leon L. Pray 

Arizona Ashley Hine Ornithological collections 

Canada Julius Friesser Arctic plants 

Arthur G. Rueckert 

Leader of expedition named first in each case. 
•Leader, second contingent. 
"Leader, scientific section. 

ACCESSIONS 

Anthropology. — Accessions received and recorded during the 
year by the Department of Anthropology amount to fifty-four. 
Of these thirty-six are by gift, seven as the result of expeditions, 



94 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

three by exchange, and eight by purchase. These accessions aggre- 
gate a total of more than 3,700 objects. 

The collections made by Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson 
as leader of the Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition 
to British Honduras, consist of some 350 archaeological and ethno- 
logical objects obtained in British Honduras and Guatemala. 

Some 200 archaeological objects were obtained in the excava- 
tions carried out at the sites of Tzimin Cax, Cahal Pichic, and 
Hatzcap Ceel in western British Honduras (see page 47). Of these 
three sites Tzimin Cax proved to be the most interesting as well as 
the richest. It is not a real Maya city as the word is understood, 
for it does not consist of a series of temples placed on the tops of 
high mounds gathered around a ceremonial court, but of a number 
of small, scattered courts perched on the tops of natural hillocks. 
Around these courts are grouped small mounds, which in many 
cases contain burials. 

These burials, together with other material found, can be grouped 
into three periods. The latest belongs to the so-called Holmul 5 
type, and dates from around the close of the Maya Old Empire 
(about a.d. 800). The pottery of this period is badly fired and of 
poor quality, but is elaborately painted, and was made in a large 
number of different shapes. Of these the commonest are ring- 
based plates and tall, cylindrical jars. A large number of objects of 
this culture was found, but unfortunately most of the paint had 
disappeared from the pottery owing to the dampness and chemical 
reactions from roots which they endured for centuries. Several of 
the buried chiefs had their teeth filed to points or inlaid with iron 
pyrites. Prior to this occupation the site was probably abandoned 
for a considerable period. 

The next earliest occupation is represented by fine, well-made 
pottery, but usually unpainted. The most typical range of vessels 
is formed by tetrapods, the legs of which in many cases are in the 
shape of female breasts. In one case this earlier culture was found 
in a burial directly below that of the Holmul 5 period, thereby 
confirming its greater age. At that period jade was carved into 
ear-plugs and tubular breast-ornaments. One of the vessels of 
that period now in the Museum is unique. This is a low bowl 
with four small feet. In the center of the bowl squats a frog of 
naturalistic style, originally painted blue. 

A yet earlier culture, which might conveniently be termed pre- 
Maya, has also been located. This culture was first discovered last 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 95 

year at the site of Uaxactun in the Peten by Mr. 0. G. Ricketson 
of the Carnegie Institution. Uaxactun, judging from the sculptured 
monuments, is the earliest known Maya site, and these pottery 
types appear to antedate the earliest monument. Mr. Thompson 
found the same culture under the floors of these little courts just 
above bed-rock. The ware is well made, and is distinguished by a 
rippled surface effect. One large bowl, which was found practi- 
cally complete, in all probability belongs to that culture. If this 
should really be the case, this vessel will be the only complete 
pre-Maya vessel in the world. 

The sites of Hatzcap Ceel and Cahal Pichic yielded a number 
of votive offerings of jade, wrought shell, and in one instance a 
mirror, the face of which consists of iron pyrites cut into small 
squares. 

The ethnological material collected illustrates the present culture 
of the Mopan Mayas of southern British Honduras, as well as that 
of the Quiche and Cakchiquel tribes of southern Guatemala. The 
Mopan Mayas have lost a great deal of their old artistic skill, but 
the Highland tribes still weave very beautiful cotton cloth. Practi- 
cally every village in the highlands of Guatemala has its distinctive 
dress, the women wearing gaily embroidered cotton blouses. A 
large collection of these was obtained for the Museum, as well as 
men's costumes, blankets, and shawls. 

Through the good offices of Mr. W. A. Newcombe of the 
Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C., a son of the late Dr. C. F. 
Newcombe who did so much in building up the Museum's north- 
west coast material, a part of the Merrill collection of prehistoric 
artifacts from Illinois, gathered in 1877, was acquired through pur- 
chase. The accession comprises thirty pieces from Calhoun, Greene, 
Sangamon, Schuyler and Scott counties, and consists of plummets, 
celts, and other problematical stones of hematite; pendants and 
banner stones of banded slate; a discoidal of granite; arrowheads 
and drills of chert; and two small, but beautiful specimens of shell- 
tempered pottery. The last-named are from mound-graves. Such 
perfect pieces of pottery are rare, and make a valuable addition 
to the Museum's archaeological material from the middle west. 

The Museum has also secured as a gift from Mr. Frank Vondrasek 
of Cicero, Illinois, twenty-three excellent quartz arrowheads from 
Magnet Cove, Arkansas. These specimens range in length from about 
one-half inch to three inches, and are delicately chipped from rose 



96 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

and pearl colored chalcedony. They include three types — those with 
convex bases, those with flat stems or bases, and those with notched 
bases. 

Mr. Homer E. Sargent, of Pasadena, California, added forty-six 
California baskets to his former gifts of American basketry. All 
are of superior workmanship and fine quality, and are old produc- 
tions of a type no longer made. 

An otter skin medicine bag decorated with beadwork designs, 
from the Potawatomi of northern Wisconsin, was presented by 
Mrs. Lynden Evans of Evanston, Illinois. An otter skin used for 
medicine by the same tribe was acquired through purchase. A 
Winnebago necklace of grizzly bear claws and a Haida chief's coat 
of ermine were also purchased. 

Dr. John Kercher, of Chicago, presented a small number of 
interesting Eskimo articles, among these a wooden mask and 
models of a kayak and a sledge, from the Golovnin Bay District, 
Alaska. Several Eskimo objects from Angmagsalik, on the east 
coast of Greenland, are the gift of Erich Hansen of Chicago, who 
had formerly accompanied one of the Danish exploring expeditions 
to Greenland; he also placed at the Museum's disposal a number 
of good photographs taken by him on this journey, for reproduction. 

From the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum, 
working primarily in the interests of the Department of Zoology, 
were received eight objects, including a very large, finely painted 
tapa screen from Fiji and seven ornaments from the Sepik River 
in New Guinea. Four of these are egret feather hair ornaments; 
the other three are peculiar ornaments having as their most con- 
spicuous feature the large beak of a hornbill. 

Ten articles from the upper Sepik and May Rivers, New Guinea, 
were presented by Assistant Curator Karl P. Schmidt, Department 
of Zoology, who was a member of the Crane Expedition. There 
are three nicely ornamented tops used as toys, an incised coconut 
cup, a decorated lime gourd with carved bone spatula, a plaited and 
a bamboo puberty cover, a tobacco pipe made of a long, curved 
gourd, a spear with a pointed bamboo head, and a peculiar double- 
pointed weapon about seven feet long. 

All this New Guinea material is different from any previously 
received by the Museum, and is therefore a welcome addition. 

A collection of stone implements found in kitchen middens near 
Sydney, Australia, was secured through an exchange with Mr. 
Keith Kennedy of Sydney, Australia. 



Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XIII 




LIFE-SIZE FIGURE OF DYAK HUNTER, BORNEO 

(Hall G) 

The Arthur B. Jones Expedition to Malaysia, 1922-23 

Modeling by John G. Prasuhn 



IHt UBHAft* 
OF THE 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 97 

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia, 
although principally a zoological expedition, resulted in an interest- 
ing acquisition for this Department. Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., 
of Boston, leader of the second contingent of this expedition, brought 
back from Indo-China four attractive women's dresses, two from 
the White Tai of Tonkin and two from the Phunoi and Khakho 
tribes in northern Laos. The two latter are complete with head- 
dresses and jewelry and will lend themselves to a picturesque 
exhibit. The present acquisition is especially appreciated because 
the very interesting and complex ethnology of this entire region is 
not yet represented in the Museum. 

Two mortuary Chinese clay figures of horsewomen engaged in 
a game of polo (Plate XVIII) are a notable contribution from Mr. 
Earle H. Reynolds of Chicago. Technically they differ from most 
clay figures interred with the dead under the T'ang dynasty (a.d. 618- 
906). These, in general, are hollow, being made from molds, which 
accounts for the fact that thousands of the same type have survived. 
The polo figures in question, however, are solid and freely modeled 
by hand with great artistic skill. They are delicately painted in 
colors and distinguished by their excellent expression of motion and 
dramatic action. The game of polo was introduced into China 
from Central Asia in the beginning of the seventh century and was 
a favorite pastime of the emperors of the illustrious T'ang dynasty. 
The game was eagerly played also by both men and women of high 
rank. Polo has had a long and honorable history in China, and has 
been a favorite subject of many great painters. These T'ang clay 
figures are the earliest representations of the game now in existence. 

Dr. I. W. Drummond of New York, well-known collector of 
jade and amber and for many years a friend of the Museum, pre- 
sented three important objects. A small vase skilfully carved from 
pudding-stone and decorated on the sides with tiger heads holding 
rings in their jaws is a rare work of the K'ien-lung period (1736-95). 
The two other objects are hornbill carvings: one is a girdle buckle 
decorated in openwork with the eight Buddhistic emblems of luck; 
the other is a complete beak of the helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax 
vigil) carved with an elaborate scene representing the visit of an 
emperor to the fairy of the moon. It contains six figures, a double- 
roofed pavilion, and trees and birds, of exquisite workmanship. 
This carving was immediately placed on exhibition in Hall 32. 

The head of a Bodhisatva of the T'ang dynasty (a.d. 618-906), 
modeled in black lacquer, was presented by Mr. Herbert J. 



98 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Devine of New York. Examples of this typically Chinese technique, 
commonly known as "dry lacquer," are exceedingly rare, and only 
a few have come to this country. The head in question, detached 
from a life-size statue, is beautifully modeled in harmony with the 
best style of T'ang marble sculpture, and as the first example of 
lacquer sculpture in the Museum is a most welcome addition to 
the Chinese section. 

The collection of archaic Chinese jades was signally enriched 
by a small, but very important object presented by Mr. J. A. 
Moller of New York. This is a spike of white jade delicately carved 
all around into a human figure of archaic style, which belongs to 
the Chou period (about 500 B.C.). Human figures from that period 
are exceedingly rare, and this specimen is unique and valuable. 

The framework of a Japanese wooden saddle, elegantly lacquered 
in black and gold, is a gift of Colonel A. A. Sprague of Chicago. 
It is decorated with two crests, each consisting of three hollyhock 
leaves, which are the coat of arms of the renowned Tokugawa 
family. An incised inscription discloses the name of the maker, 
Yasuyuki, and the date, which is the first year of the period Meiji, 
corresponding to our year 1868. 

A ceremonial battledore from Japan is a gift from Mr. and 
Mrs. S. Yamagata of Chicago. This is a most artistic object 
of unusual interest. A battledore like this one was a favorite New 
Year's gift among the wealthy. It is carved from a white wood, 
and on one side it is adorned with the portrait of Ichickawa Sadonji, 
a popular actor, with sword in hand, formed by gold brocade and 
colored silks. On the other side is a symbolic painting expressive 
of good wishes, set off from a gold-speckled ground. 

Seventy-two packages containing neolithic stone implements 
found in the Gobi Desert were received from the Central Asiatic 
Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, New 
York, under the leadership of Dr. Roy Chapman Andrews. Field 
Museum contributed to the financing of this expedition. 

An interesting screen of felt decorated with painted applique" 
designs of cotton was presented by Mr. Julian Armstrong of Chicago. 
It was presumably made in India, or possibly in Burma, and may 
originally have served as the door of a tent. The applique" work 
consists of human figures and sprays of leaves as well as panels 
showing altars with bowls and umbrellas (an emblem of regal power) 
and a man astride an elephant. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 99 

Mrs. John Alden Carpenter of Chicago presented two marionettes 
used in the puppet plays of Persia. The heads are carved from wood 
and lacquered. One represents an Armenian priest with tall, black 
hat and long beard, clad in a black cotton gown with an inset of 
gold brocade, and equipped with satin shoes. The other figure is 
a Persian soldier with a black cap on which a lion, the emblem of 
Persia, is painted. The interesting point is that these marionettes 
are manipulated from threads or strings attached to the top, and 
this technique is the oldest form of puppets attested for ancient 
Greece, India, and China. 

A rich harvest has been gathered this year as the result of the 
excavations at Kish. The more important objects have been un- 
packed and properly treated. Repairs and restorations have been 
made whenever necessary. Many stone jars of fine workmanship, 
as well as several painted pottery jars, have been restored. After 
one of the rein-rings from the front of a four-wheeled chariot had 
been cleaned, the figure of an animal surmounting it was found 
to be a stag with large antlers. There is a fragment of pottery 
from Jemdet Nasr with a similar animal of the deer family painted 
on it. Other objects of unusual interest are a copper dagger with 
decorated handle, the model of a chariot described on page 52, a 
large saw with copper blade, stone and copper vessels, numerous 
pieces of pottery, and clay tablets. A beautiful alabaster jar and 
also a stone bowl which were found had been broken in ancient 
times and riveted together. One of the rivets has been analyzed 
by Associate Curator Nichols, who reports that it consists of 
pure lead with a white lead corrosion on the surface. It is an 
interesting coincidence that this is the same method of repair 
employed by the Chinese in mending porcelain. From a scientific 
standpoint the flint implements from the lowest strata of Kish are 
the most important objects secured, presenting as they do types 
previously unknown from Mesopotamia. 

Mr. H. W. Seton-Karr of London contributed fifty-eight paleo- 
lithic and neolithic knives, scrapers, arrowheads, and other pre- 
historic implements from England, Belgium, Egypt, India, and 
Ceylon. Flint flakes from the North Arabian Desert were presented 
by Dr. E. W. Andrau of The Hague, Holland; Mr. S. W. Quarrie 
of Royston, Herts, England; and Captain L. W. B. Rees of London. 

An excellent collection of painted pebbles from Mas d'Azil, 
France, was purchased from Professor Henri Breuil of Paris. On 
these pebbles are designs, partially of a geometric and partially of a 



100 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

realistic style, which were painted with red ochre by prehistoric men. 
This is the largest collection of Azilian painted pebbles outside the 
National Collection of France. The courtesy and friendly coopera- 
tion of Professor Breuil and the French Ministry of Beaux-Arts, 
which allowed this important collection to go to Field Museum, are 
much appreciated. 

A valuable collection of stone and antler implements and pottery 
sherds from the Swiss lake dwellings was acquired by purchase 
from Dr. Paul Vouga of the Mus£e d'Histoire, Neuchatel, Switzer- 
land, who recovered them from Lake Neuchatel. This material 
makes a good supplement to the excellent collection of Swiss lake 
dwellers' antiquities previously presented to the Museum by 
Mr. Martin A. Ryerson. 

The Department of Human Anatomy of Oxford University 
presented several casts of bones which will form the basis for a 
reconstruction of a Neanderthal child from Gibraltar. The cast 
of a famous female figurine, known as "Venus," of the Lespuge- 
Aurignacian period, was received as a gift from Count de St. Pener 
of Morigny, France, discoverer of the figurine. A plaster im- 
pression of a Magdalenian footprint found in a cave of Montespan, 
together with a plan of this cave drawn to scale, is the gift of M. 
Felix Trombe, Gauties-les-Bains, France. Copies of prehistoric 
sketches of animals engraved on the walls of the same cave were 
presented by M. Georges Debuc of the same place. 

The first installment of the material collected by Assistant 
Curator Hambly as leader of the Frederick H. Rawson-Field 
Museum Ethnological Expedition to West Africa was received 
toward the middle of December. The collection includes some 
fine old wood carvings, large decorated gourds, weapons, imple- 
ments, musical instruments, smoking utensils, baskets, mats, 
ornaments, and other ethnographical material illustrating the life 
and culture of the Ovimbundu in Portuguese Angola. 

A small but interesting collection from Sierra Leone, West 
Africa, was presented by Mrs. William G. Burt of Old Lyme, 
Connecticut. The collection, made by her father in 1901, includes 
two wooden masks, decorated gourds, carved wooden paddles, straw 
hats, leather sandals, a grass skirt, a bow, spears, swords, a pouch, 
and a stool. 

Botany. — During 1929 the Department of Botany received 
40,996 specimens, more than twice as many as were received in 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 101 

1928. The number of accessions was 412, representing more than 
175 individuals and organizations. Of the specimens acquired, 
1,321 were samples and exhibition material of woods, 374 repre- 
sented miscellaneous economic material for exhibition purposes or 
for the study series, and the remainder, 39,301 specimens, were 
herbarium specimens, photographic prints of plants, and negatives 
of type specimens. 

Of these 40,996 specimens 12,974 were presented by corre- 
spondents of the Museum, 7,326 were received in exchange, 4,710 
were purchased, and 15,986 were received as the result of Museum 
expeditions. 

Of the gifts to the Herbarium during the year the most important 
is the private herbarium of the late well-known ornithologist Robert 
Ridgway of Olney, Illinois, received by bequest. In addition to 
his zoological work, he always maintained a deep interest in plant 
life, especially that of Richland County, Illinois, with which he 
was thoroughly familiar. His herbarium, of approximately 4,000 
specimens, forms a valuable addition to the Illinois Herbarium of 
Field Museum, since it contains an approximately complete repre- 
sentation of the flora of Richland County, botanically one of the 
most interesting portions of the state of Illinois. 

The United States has been well represented among the acces- 
sions of the year. Professor A. O. Garrett of Salt Lake City, Utah, 
forwarded 700 plants, chiefly from Utah, a state but imperfectly 
represented in the Museum's Herbarium. Witte Memorial Museum 
of San Antonio, Texas, transmitted 392 specimens of plants, chiefly 
from the arid regions of western Texas, through the interest of Mrs. 
Ellen Schulz Quillin, Curator of the museum, whose volumes upon 
Texas plants contain interesting information regarding a little-known 
flora. Father I. Chateau of Mission, Texas, forwarded thirty-seven 
plants from the same state. 

Mr. H. C. Benke of Chicago, who in past years has been so active 
in contributing material from the Mississippi Valley states, especially 
from Illinois, donated this year 517 sheets of herbarium material, 
largely from New Mexico, Texas, and Kansas, with some interesting 
specimens for the Illinois Herbarium. His donation included also 
140 packets of seeds, chiefly from Illinois and Indiana. 

The Misses Sophia and Mary Bremer of Crown Point, Indiana, 
presented twenty specimens of Indiana plants, including material 
of several interesting forms new to the Herbarium, and also eighteen 
packets of seeds of Indiana wild flowers. 



102 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Miss Nellie V. Haynie, of Oak Park, Illinois, visited the Her- 
barium several times during the year to determine plants of her 
own collections, and she contributed thirteen specimens from Illinois 
and Colorado, among them the type specimen of a new color form 
of a wild strawberry found at Waukegan, Illinois. 

Mr. G. Eifrig of River Forest, Illinois, continued his donations 
of previous years, presenting fifty-six specimens from the north- 
central and southern United States. Professor L. A. Kenoyer of 
Kalamazoo, Michigan, forwarded 150 specimens of plants from the 
vicinity of Kalamazoo, among them a large number of grasses and 
sedges. Mr. E. L. Moseley of Bowling Green, Ohio, contributed a 
representative series containing 196 plants of northern Ohio, and 
from Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio, there were received 480 speci- 
mens, chiefly plants of California and other western states. Miss 
Ella M. Martin of Greensboro, North Carolina, presented to Field 
Museum fifty-nine sheets of North Carolina plants. 

A special effort was made during 1929 to procure material of 
the mosses and other cryptogams of the local flora. Mr. G. L. 
Wittrock, of Chicago, collected and presented 121 specimens of 
Illinois mosses. Associate Curator Standley, and Mr. Arnold 
Doubleday, of Chicago, collected for the Herbarium 891 specimens 
of mosses and other plants in Illinois and Indiana, and 289 packets 
of wild flower seeds, to be used for exchange and propagation pur- 
poses. Mr. Standley and Assistant Curator Macbride jointly 
collected and donated 105 specimens of mosses and other cryptogams 
from Indiana. The moss herbarium was further enriched by a 
valuable lot of seventy-five Arizona mosses, presented by the col- 
lector, Mr. Edwin B. Bartram of Bushkill, Pennsylvania. 

Of miscellaneous collections there deserve mention three speci- 
mens of cycads, presented by the Garfield Park Conservatory, 
through Mr. August Koch, chief florist, who always has been 
generous in supplying Field Museum with material of unusual 
plants which flower in that justly famous collection. Dr. C. R. 
Ball of Washington, D.C., contributed twelve specimens of willows 
of the United States, particularly valuable because of the critical 
determinations which accompanied them. Dr. J. C. Chamberlain, 
of the University of Chicago, presented two specimens of rare cycads, 
a group in which he stands pre-eminent as an authority. 

Dr. C. E. Hellmayr of Field Museum made a welcome gift of 
fourteen specimens of European orchids, useful for purposes of 
comparison with related American forms. Dr. E. E. Sherff con- 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 103 

tinued to place in the Herbarium material of desirable Compositae, 
particularly of the genus Bidens, and during 1929 contributed thirty- 
three specimens. Mr. Eric Walther, of San Francisco, forwarded 
ample material of a handsome Mexican cycad, apparently represent- 
ing a new species of the genus Ceratozamia, grown in the conservatories 
of Golden Gate Park. Professor W. S. Cooper, of the University 
of Minnesota, presented a series of 349 plants which he had collected 
in Alaska and British Columbia. His collection, when named, was 
found to contain an orchid (Cypripedium) new to the Alaskan flora, 
and an unnamed albino form of a Hedysarum. 

From Mexico and Central America there was acquired by gift 
a large amount of interesting and exceptionally valuable herbarium 
material. There were received from Mr. William A. Schipp of 
Belize, British Honduras, 466 specimens of British Honduras plants. 
These were determined by Associate Curator Standley, who found 
among them numerous new species of which descriptions have been 
prepared for publication, and representatives of several noteworthy 
species hitherto absent from the Herbarium of Field Museum. Mr. 
Schipp's collections included many records of genera and species 
new to Central America, and of some unreported even for the North 
American continent. Another important collection from British 
Honduras, presented by Mr. C. L. Lundell, of New York, con- 
sisted of 210 specimens, several of which represented new species. 
Mr. Lundell's plants were collected in the extreme northern part 
of the colony, in connection with his work upon the latex-yielding 
plants of the region. The British Honduras material thus received 
is of particular value for comparison with collections from near-by 
Yucatan, in which Field Museum Herbarium is unequaled. Many 
of the British Honduras species found in these recent collections 
were known previously only from Yucatan. Besides the accessions 
mentioned, Mr. Neil Stevenson, of Belize, forwarded five specimens 
illustrating the palms of British Honduras. 

From Guatemala there were received from the Direcci6n General 
de Agricultura 189 very desirable plants characteristic of the flora 
of that republic. Dr. Salvador Calder6n of the laboratories of the 
Department of Agriculture, San Salvador, Salvador, has continued 
to collect, with his usual enthusiasm and persistence, the rarer 
plants of that country, and presented Field Museum with 238 
specimens of plants, many of which were new to science or additions 
to the recorded flora of Salvador. 



104 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Dr. C. A. Purpus of Zacuapam, Veracruz, Mexico, veteran col- 
lector of Mexican plants, visited certain exceptionally rich regions 
of Veracruz during 1929, and sent to the Herbarium 443 specimens. 
Although the flora of that state has been investigated by many 
collectors during the past 150 years, Dr. Purpus' recent collections 
contain representatives of several plants quite unknown to science. 
The Direction de Estudios Biologicos of the Mexican government, 
through its director, Professor A. L. Herrera, presented samples of 
Ochroma fiber from Mexico, this being the product of the tree yield- 
ing balsa wood of commerce, which is lighter than cork. Professor 
Maximino Martinez, of Mexico City, contributed during the year 
fifteen specimens of the less common Mexican plants. 

From the School of Forestry of Yale University, New Haven, 
Connecticut, there were received, through the interest of Professor 
Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Technology of Field 
Museum, 183 specimens, mainly of tropical American plants. Most 
of these represented tree species whose wood has been studied by 
Professor Record. Several of them were discovered to represent 
trees heretofore unknown botanically, and descriptions of them have 
been published in Tropical Woods. 

PYom Honduras there were received 101 specimens of trees 
transmitted by Dr. Wilson Popenoe, Director of the Lancetilla Ex- 
periment Station of the Tela Railroad Company. This collection 
supplements one made in the same region in 1927-28 by Associate 
Curator Standley, and it contains several species which he did not 
find in the course of his work in the area. Dr. Holger Johansen of La 
Lima, Honduras, forwarded fifty-two specimens of plants from the 
region in which he lives, and these, likewise, proved to contain sev- 
eral species of more than casual interest. 

Of Nicaraguan plants there were received fifty-six specimens, 
collected by Rev. E. E. Schramm of Cabo Gracias a Dios, whose 
mission station is situated on the banks of the Wanks River, a week's 
journey by gasoline launch upward from the mouth of the river, in 
a wild region quite unknown botanically. 

The most important single Central American collection received 
by the Museum in 1929 consisted of 668 specimens of Costa Rican 
plants, collected and presented by Professor H. E. Stork of Carleton 
College, Northfield, Minnesota. Professor Stork had collected in 
earlier years in Costa Rica and Panama, but his collections of 1929 
have proved even more interesting than previous ones. They have 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 105 

not yet been fully identified, but it is evident that they contain 
numerous species not detected heretofore in the Costa Rican flora. 

Mr. C. H. Lankester, of Cartago, well-known collector of Costa 
Rican orchids, birds, and butterflies, presented seventeen specimens 
of unusual Costa Rican plants. Mr. Ferdinand Nevermann of San 
Jos£, Costa Rica, who has made a name for himself in the entomo- 
logical world by his studies and collections of Costa Rican beetles, 
sent to the Herbarium ten specimens of fungi. 

From Panama there were received 251 specimens of plants col- 
lected in the Canal Zone by Mr. S. W. Frost of Pennsylvania State 
College, Arendtsville, Pennsylvania. These were obtained on Barro 
Colorado Island, in Gatun Lake in the Panama Canal, where is 
located the laboratory of the Institute for Tropical Research, 
directed with such signal success in recent years by Mr. James 
Zetek. Several of Mr. Frost's plants proved to be additions to the 
known flora of Barro Colorado Island, of which two lists have been 
published by Associate Curator Standley, the second of which, pre- 
pared in association with Professor L. A. Kenoyer, appeared in Volume 
IV of the Botanical Series of Field Museum. Mr. R. H. Wetmore of 
the Botanical Museum of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, presented an equally interesting series of seventy-seven 
specimens, collected on the same island, and containing other new 
records for the Barro Colorado flora. 

The Museum's already very extensive collection of Peruvian 
plants has received several notable additions during 1929. Professor 
Fortunato L. Herrera of Cuzco, Peru, generously contributed a col- 
lection of 551 specimens, chiefly from the Department of Cuzco. 
The collection is an especially helpful one, since it comes from a 
region scarcely represented previously in the Museum collections, 
and it will, therefore, be valuable for citation in the flora of Peru, 
now in course of preparation by Assistant Curator Macbride. 
Mr. Oscar L. Haught of Negritos, Peru, presented a carefully 
selected series of 259 specimens, illustrating the flora of an arid 
region of Peru little known botanically. Still another important 
collection of Peruvian plants was received during the year. It con- 
sisted of 206 specimens gathered by Mr. M. Sawada, and was 
received from Professor R. Kanehira of Fuoka, Japan. Although 
not yet fully determined, it is evident that the collection contains 
a large number of plants of species not expected from Peru. 



106 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

A fine Brazilian collection, consisting of eighty-one uncommonly 
well-prepared specimens from the state of Para, was presented by 
Mr. Emilio Kauffmann of Belem, Brazil. 

In 1929 the Museum received by exchange from various botanical 
institutions and from individuals more than 7,300 herbarium speci- 
mens, including much material of great value. 

From the Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 
there were acquired 785 specimens. Part of these represented criti- 
cal forms of the trees of the United States. There were also 285 
specimens of plants collected on Barro Colorado Island, Canal Zone, 
by Mr. W. N. Bangham. This collection, like the others already 
mentioned from that island, contained various further additions to 
the published flora of Barro Colorado. It may be observed that 
an unusual amount of botanical exploration has been conducted 
there during the past year. The Arnold Arboretum material in- 
cluded more than 100 specimens of plants obtained in northern 
Yucatan in the summer of 1929 by Dr. J. Becquaert. These are 
noteworthy as forming the only Yucatan collection obtained in 
many years, and among them were found three new species, from 
an area which had been believed to have been rather thoroughly 
explored. The Becquaert series makes a much appreciated addition 
to Field Museum's unique representation of the flora of the Yucatan 
Peninsula. 

The Botanical Garden and Museum of Berlin very generously 
transmitted fifty specimens of plants, mostly Leguminosae, from 
Peru. Since most of these represent type material of Peruvian 
species, they will be invaluable for use in the preparation of the 
flora of Peru. 

The Botaniska Institutionen of Upsala, Sweden, sent in exchange 
450 specimens from the classical series procured in Brazil by Regnell, 
which will be found helpful in the determination of the collections 
made by the Museum's expeditions to that country. The British 
Museum (Natural History), London, through the courtesy of Dr. 
A. B. Rendle, sent 1,034 specimens, mostly from early Chilean col- 
lections, with some material from other South American regions. 

The Farlow Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, contributed 141 specimens of interesting and care- 
fully determined cryptogamic plants. The Gray Herbarium of 
Harvard University continued its exchanges with ninety-two speci- 
mens, which included a valuable series from the north coast of 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 107 

Honduras, and critical species of bromeliads. From Mr. Ludlow 
Griscom of Cambridge, Massachusetts, there were received 119 
specimens of plants, chiefly native to the United States. 

The Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Brussels, Belgium, transmitted 
in exchange 200 specimens of tropical American plants. From the 
Jardin Botanique Principal, of Leningrad, Union of Socialistic Soviet 
Republics, were received 130 specimens of plants collected in Mexico, 
Colombia, and Venezuela by Dr. Georges Woronow. This material 
consisted largely of Rubiaceae, and was determined in Field Museum 
by Associate Curator Standley. 

The Natural History Museum of Vienna, Austria, forwarded in 
exchange a valuable series of 671 European plants, many of them 
from classic series obtained by early collectors. The Royal Natural 
History Museum of Stockholm, Sweden, through Dr. Gunnar 
Samuelsson, sent 257 plants from tropical America. Most of these 
were obtained in Cuba by the eminent collector, Dr. Erik L. Ekman, 
of Haiti, and they include duplicate types of many endemic species 
described by Dr. Ignatius Urban of Berlin. 

The New York Botanical Garden transmitted ninety-four speci- 
mens, mostly from tropical America. From Pomona College, 
Claremont, California, there were sent by Professor Philip A. Munz 
915 specimens of plants, chiefly from the Rocky Mountain region 
of the United States, which were welcome as supplementing the 
Museum's too inadequate representation of the Rocky Mountain 
flora. 

From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, was received 
a generous contribution of 676 specimens. Part of these was col- 
lected in western Mexico, and there was included also an important 
fascicle of the Lehmann Colombian collections, which have proved 
so rich in new species. The Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh, 
Scotland, contributed 401 specimens of plants from Paraguay, a 
country with but slight representation in American herbaria. This 
material is, therefore, most welcome. 

The United States National Museum, Washington, D.C., through 
Dr. William R. Maxon, continued to send exchange material, and 
this year forwarded to Field Museum 1,001 specimens, principally 
from Mexico and Panama and other parts of tropical America. 
From the Office of Systematic Agrostology of the United States 
Department of Agriculture, through the interest of Professor A. S. 
Hitchcock and Mrs. Agnes Chase, there were received 312 speci- 
mens of grasses, chiefly from tropical American countries. 



108 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

The Museum has continued its policy of confining purchases of 
herbarium material chiefly to collections from tropical America, and 
almost all the 4,710 specimens so acquired during the year are from 
Central and South America. 

The purchases include 300 specimens from Trinidad, a continua- 
tion of the series of former years obtained from Mr. W. E. Broadway 
of Port-of-Spain. There were obtained by purchase, also, 100 
specimens of cryptogamic plants collected in Europe, and fifty-three 
photographs of Mexican plants procured by Mrs. Ynes Mexia, 
San Francisco, California. 

From Mr. Marcus E. Jones of Claremont, California, there were 
purchased 623 specimens which he had gathered in Lower California. 
The collection contained many duplicate types of species described 
by the collector in his publication, Contributions to Western Botany. 

Mr. C. L. Lundell of New York, in the course of his studies of 
rubber- and chicle-yielding plants of British Honduras, collected 
for Field Museum an excellent series of 962 specimens, illustrating 
the flora of the northern part of the colony. The material contains 
many unusual and some new species, and the numerous duplicates 
will be available later for exchange purposes. 

Most of the material acquired by purchase came from South 
America. The largest collection consisted of 1,079 specimens 
obtained in Bolivia by Mr. Jose 1 Steinbach of La Paz. Study of 
certain groups of his collections indicates that the flora of this 
country is far from exhausted, as some botanists had erroneously 
supposed, for his series contains a large proportion of plants which 
seem altogether to have escaped the attention of earlier and pre- 
sumably competent collectors in the region. 

From Mr. Henry Pittier, of Caracas, Venezuela, whose collections 
have contributed so greatly to the present knowledge of Central 
and South American floras, there were purchased 320 specimens of 
Venezuelan plants. From Ecuador were received 342 specimens 
brought together from the high mountains by Brother Gemel- 
Firmin of Quito. 

Of Argentine plants there were purchased 500 specimens, mostly 
of woody species, gathered by Professor S. Venturi of the Museo de 
la Universidad de Tucuman, Argentina. Another collection acquired 
consisted of 331 specimens procured by Mr. W. Lossen. One 
hundred specimens of Chilean plants collected by Professor Montero 
also were obtained by purchase. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 109 

More than one-third of the herbarium material received during 
the year was the result of the work of Museum expeditions. 

Great success attended the efforts of the Marshall Field Botani- 
cal Expedition to the Amazon in securing herbarium material and 
wood specimens. Acting Curator Dahlgren and Mr. Emil Sella of 
this expedition obtained in the vicinity of Belem, state of Para, 
Brazil, and upon the Tapajoz River, 2,500 herbarium specimens of 
plants. Only a small portion of their collections has been named 
up to the present time, but it is expected that the determination 
will be completed in the near future. The material, when fully 
identified, will give the Herbarium a valuable representation of the 
flora of the Amazon Valley. 

The varied economic and other collections made in Para on the 
lower Amazon, and in other localities in Brazil, have at the present 
writing not been catalogued. They include rubber of various kinds; 
varieties of cacao in pods and the beans; the principal tobaccos of 
the state of Para (Parahyba, Bahia, and Rio Grande do Sul), cigars 
and cigarettes; oils and fats of vegetable origin and their source 
material; fibers and products, such as baskets, hats, rope, cassava 
products, beans, seeds, and woods, the last chiefly for the study 
collections. In addition these collections contain plant material, 
both dry and preserved in formalin, for use in the preparation of 
exhibits for the Hall of Plant Life, together with photographs, 
molds, and color sketches of the material collected. 

Dr. Dahlgren also obtained in the state of Para a splendid exhibi- 
tion series of the woods most valued in the local industries of the 
region, which is noted for its abundance of fine cabinet woods. 

Mr. Williams, of the Peruvian division of the Marshall Field 
Botanical Expedition to the Amazon, has forwarded to the Museum 
9,500 herbarium specimens, and 1,088 wood specimens which he 
assembled in eastern Peru. The wood specimens were all accom- 
panied by herbarium specimens, which will make possible their 
accurate determination. This collection, when it has been named, 
will add many species to the Museum's series, and make a note- 
worthy addition to the present knowledge of the woods of the 
Amazon Valley. Mr. Williams' operations thus far have been in the 
general region of Iquitos, at the head of navigation on the Amazon 
River. The results of his labor bring to North America the first 
adequate representation of the flora of this area, which is almost 
unknown botanically except for the historic collections made there 



110 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

many years ago by Richard Spruce. Mr. Williams' material makes 
a very notable addition to the Museum's already rich collections of 
Peruvian plants. 

A further addition to the Museum's Peruvian series consisted of 
888 specimens obtained in the Department of Cuzco, Peru, by Dr. 
August Weberbauer (Marshall Field Expedition to Peru, 1929). 

Five specimens of economic British Honduras plants were 
received from Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson, Department of 
Anthropology (^Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to 
British Honduras). 

From the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern 
Asia there were received 400 specimens of plants obtained by Mr. 
F. Kingdon Ward in Burma and Indo-China, and more than 2,400 
collected by Mr. Herbert Stevens in the province of Szechwan, 
China. 

As a result of work under the Rockefeller Fund for Photograph- 
ing Type Specimens, a total of 2,603 negatives has been secured. 
There had been received at the end of the year 819 negatives of 
types in the Museu Goeldi of Para, obtained by Acting Curator 
Dahlgren, and thirteen photographic prints of type specimens in 
the Berlin Herbarium, received from Assistant Curator Macbride. 
A total of 1,784 negatives had been made in Berlin, but these had 
not been received at the time this Report was prepared. 

Among the accessions should be mentioned, also, 5,593 photo- 
graphic prints prepared in the Division of Photography of Field 
Museum. These include prints of many type specimens of Brazilian 
species, and photographs of interesting specimens received by the 
Department on loan for study purposes. Placed in the Herbarium, 
they are of the greatest value in the determination of collections 
received currently for identification, and as a basis for monographic 
work. Among these prints are many duplicates, especially of Peru- 
vian types, which it is expected will be used to good advantage for 
exchange purposes. 

Through the interest of Professor Record, Associate in Wood 
Technology, there have been obtained several important gifts of 
wood specimens for exhibition purposes. Particularly noteworthy 
are three handsome panels illustrating the best types of Cuban, 
Mexican, and Peruvian mahoganies, presented by Ichabod T. 
Williams and Sons of New York. These form an attractive display 
of the chief types of this most important of all tropical American 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 111 

woods, which serves as a standard for the comparison and estimation 
of fine woods generally. At present they are on exhibition in 
Stanley Field Hall. 

The F. B. Williams Cypress Company, Limited, of Patterson, 
Louisiana, generously sent four boards of normal and pecky cypress 
lumber, part of which has been placed on exhibition in the new 
arrangement of the North American Wood Hall. The Pickrel Wal- 
nut Company of St. Louis, Missouri, donated three fine walnut 
boards which have served to complete the reinstallation of the 
walnut exhibit. The Panhandle Lumber Company of Spirit Lake, 
Idaho, contributed a large board of western pine which has been 
placed on exhibition in the same hall. From the American Walnut 
Manufacturers' Association of Chicago was received a desirable 
wheel section of black walnut which was needed to present a com- 
plete display of this important American wood. 

Through the interest of Professor Emanuel Fritz of Berkeley, 
California, there was secured from the Sugar Pine Producers of 
California some desirable material for exhibition purposes. It con- 
sisted of five well-prepared sugar pine planks, and an extensive 
collection of the huge cones borne by this California tree. 

The School of Forestry of Yale University, New Haven, Con- 
necticut, donated a board of black willow which permitted the 
proper installation of a complete exhibit of the wood of this widely 
distributed tree. There was received directly from Professor Record 
a most unusual abnormal growth from a flowering dogwood tree, 
simulating in uncanny fashion the head of a chimpanzee. 

The Ail-American Mohawk Radio Corporation of Chicago pre- 
sented the Museum with three wood specimens, one of which was a 
handsome sheet of veneer of Australian silk-oak, such as is used for 
the finishing of radio cabinets. The firm of Bauer and Black of 
Chicago donated for use of the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition 
to the Amazon one of their airplane first aid kits. 

Useful material for the completion of certain wood exhibits was 
supplied by T. W. Minton and Company, Barboursville, Kentucky, 
in the form of two samples of hickory wheel spokes. The Turner, 
Day and Woolworth Company of Louisville, Kentucky, contributed 
four examples of hickory ax and hammer handles and samples of 
hickory nuts. 

The United Fruit Company, at the suggestion of Professor 
Record, sent to the Museum an eight-foot section of a trunk of the 



112 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Guatemalan cow-tree (Couma guatemalensis Standley), which was 
placed on exhibition in Hall 27, where it has attracted a great deal 
of attention. 

Mr. Charles Westcott of River Forest, Illinois, presented a 
specimen of the wood of the beef wood tree (Casuarina), from 
Florida, accompanied by herbarium material of the tree from which 
the wood was taken. 

Mr. John A. Manley of New Brunswick, New Jersey, donated 
an unusual sample of apple wood, in which, through long years of 
growth of the surrounding woody tissue, there had become com- 
pletely imbedded a horseshoe. 

Captain Arthur Pay of Paramaribo, Surinam, presented the 
Museum with five samples of Sickingia wood from that colony. This 
wood is remarkable for its fine and compact grain and especially for 
its beautiful pink color. 

Mr. H. C. Benke of Chicago, during a botanical collecting trip 
to Texas and New Mexico, obtained for the Museum thirty-eight 
specimens of wood of plants characteristic of that semi-desert 
region. 

By exchange there were received from the United States National 
Museum, Washington, D.C., 144 hand samples of woods. These 
represent chiefly tropical American trees, and form a desirable 
addition to the Museum's rapidly growing study series of wood 
specimens. 

Two years ago the economic collections of the Department of 
Botany received a unique and valuable addition through the finding 
of Babylonian wheat by the Field Museum-Oxford University Joint 
Expedition to Mesopotamia. This year there were received from 
the expedition four more samples of ancient grain (Plate VI) 
unearthed in January, 1928. Three of these were found in three 
separate jars in the ruins of the buried city of Kish, "the first city 
founded after the flood." The discovery was made by Mr. Henry 
Field, Assistant Curator of Physical Anthropology, who at that 
time was a member of the expedition. The jars containing the grain 
were found in rooms of two ancient buildings buried for thousands 
of years thirty-two and forty feet respectively below the original 
surface of the mounds covering eastern Kish. The lower building 
was in a stratum just above the level where traces of a flood were 
discovered which, according to the archaeological evidence obtained, 
occurred about 3200 B.C. 



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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 113 

The grain in its present condition is practically pure charcoal 
and it is, perhaps, owing to this fact that it was not destroyed long 
ago by fungi, insects, or moisture. The grain has been examined 
by five experts of the United States Department of Agriculture, all 
of whom pronounced it to be barley. Mr. C. E. Leigh ty, one of the 
experts, reports that the samples are composed entirely of barley 
and that examination reveals no other cereal grain. Messrs. 0. F. 
Phillips, Hazen P. English and Albert F. Nelson, three others of 
the experts, report jointly: "While time and the elements have 
charred and blackened the kernels to the extent that positive identi- 
fication is rather difficult, we are of the opinion that each of the 
samples is of some form or type of barley. We are influenced in 
arriving at this conclusion by the appearance and shape of the crease 
(slightly twisted in some kinds), flattened backs, boat shape of ker- 
nels, and germ shape, all of which are more or less common to our 
modern barleys. 

"Time, abrasion, and possibly method of threshing, all have 
had a part in accounting for the apparent absence of the outer husk 
or hull of the kernels. 

"The grain from the upper levels is apparently a different type 
than that in the other two containers, as the kernels as a whole are 
much smaller. The barley characteristics are much more pronounced 
in the sample from the lower level, which has been dated at about 
3500 B.C. 

"There can be but little doubt, however, that each of the samples 
is of some species of barley." 

Mr. H. V. Harlan, the fifth expert, states: "I am able to make 
only a partial determination of the barley in the samples which 
you recently forwarded. All three samples contained seeds of six- 
rowed hulled barleys. This does not preclude the possibility of 
there being hull-less or two-rowed sorts present. I could, however, 
find no kernels which could be identified as either. The grain seems 
to be slightly smaller than that coming from Egyptian excavations, 
and I think it is safe to say that it represents different varieties." 

Modern grain is represented in the accessions of the year by 
four samples of prize wheat from Australia, grown in New South 
Wales, of the varieties Cedar, Perfection, Comeback, and Cedrick. 
These were obtained by the courtesy of the Chicago International 
Live Stock Exposition. 

Some canna roots were obtained by purchase for the exhibit of 
starchy tubers, and several specimens of coontie, a starch-bearing 



114 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

cycad native to southern Florida, were received from Professor A. 
H. Gilbert of the Department of Botany of the University of Miami 
at also Coral Gables, Florida. 

A sample of Mexican crude guayule rubber, collected in Chihua- 
hua, Mexico, by Mr. George Ewald of Chicago, was donated by 
him. This is the only authentic specimen of guayule rubber in the 
Museum's collection and is of interest as a sample of rubber which 
is also produced in the United States. 

Four specimens of "rainbow" corn were donated by William 
Thuring of Chicago. These represent results of interbreeding Indian 
corn of various colors. 

Geology. — The Department of Geology received during the 
year accessions from seventy individuals and institutions. Of these 
fifty were by gift, three by exchange, seventeen by purchase, and 
five from Museum expeditions. The total number of specimens 
thus received and catalogued is 1,480. 

The large number of gifts shows that continued interest is being 
taken in the progress of the Museum by many donors. Mr. Richard 
T. Crane, Jr., presented three valuable specimens of cut gems. The 
most important of these was a large aquamarine from Brazil weigh- 
ing 341*^ carats. This is one of the largest aquamarines ever cut, 
and exceeds in size any previously in the Museum collection, 
although the series of these stones in the collection was already 
remarkable for the size and quality of each specimen. The Crane 
aquamarine is flawless and of a rich blue color. It is cut as an oval 
brilliant, and is two inches long, one inch wide, and one inch thick. 
The other two cut gems presented by Mr. Crane were a cabochon 
ruby weighing eight carats, and a chrysoberyl cat's-eye weighing 
six and one-tenth carats, both from the gem mines of Ceylon. As 
neither of these gem varieties had been well represented previously 
in the collection the addition of these is gratifying. 

To Mr. William J. Chalmers of Chicago the Museum is indebted 
for continued additions to the collection of crystallized minerals. 
Thirty-four specimens of these were received during the year from 
Mr. Chalmers. One group consisted of minerals from Madagascar. 
These are all large specimens, and include a complete hexagonal 
prism of blue beryl with some gemmy spots, the crystal being seven 
inches in diameter and of equal length ; a doubly terminated crystal 
of corundum, ten inches in length; a mass of rose quartz of fine color 
and transparency; and a semi-transparent, terminated crystal of 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 115 

rubellite. Another group includes twenty-seven specimens of new and 
choice examples of species from localities not hitherto represented. 
Among these a beautifully terminated and transparent crystal of 
golden beryl from Serro in Brazil is especially important. A number 
of minerals from new localities in Africa in the same accession 
included fine groups of azurite and cerussite from Tsumeb, a series 
of corundums from the Transvaal, and vanadinite from the Abenab 
mine. The crystals of vanadinite are remarkable for their size, 
some being two inches in length. There was also included a pris- 
matic crystal, two inches in length, of malachite after azurite. A 
large specimen of the recently discovered collinsite and quercyite 
from British Columbia was another valuable accession received 
from Mr. Chalmers. 

A notable addition to the exhibit of gems was also received 
through the gift of forty-nine specimens from Mrs. Joseph W. Work 
of Evanston, Illinois. Of these, the series of opals received was 
especially large and valuable. These numbered twenty-nine stones, 
of which twenty were from Australia, seven from Mexico and two 
from Honduras. Of the Australian opals, fifteen were of the white 
variety, three blue-black, and two green. The gift also included 
seven star sapphires, two rhodolites, one kunzite, two mounted 
pieces of jade and a mounted blue pearl. These specimens were 
acquired during years of travel and collecting by Mrs. Work and 
her husband, the late Joseph W. Work. Mrs. Work's desire to 
have them placed where they would be visible to the public led 
her to present them to the Museum. In order that her gift might 
not include gems already well represented in the Museum, Mrs. 
Work very kindly allowed selections to be made from her entire 
collection. 

A specimen of the newly described mineral collinsite from British 
Columbia was an appreciated addition presented by Mr. W. D. 
Lukens, a resident at the locality where it is found. 

Orthoclase crystals from a new locality in Colorado were pre- 
sented by Mr. W. F. Planer of Hammond, Indiana. 

Mr. and Mrs. William and Toodie Bower and Mr. Franklin 
Bower generously presented a partial skeleton of a mastodon which 
was excavated on land owned by them at Argos, Indiana. The 
parts received include a nearly complete skull and lower jaws, 
twenty-two vertebrae, ten entire ribs with parts of others, about 
sixty foot bones, and several miscellaneous limb bones. 



116 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

To Former Judge George Bedford of Morris, Illinois, the Museum 
is indebted for a number of remains of mammoth, mastodon, and 
moose of an extinct species, which represents practically the entire 
results of his recent exploration of a large deposit at Minooka, 
Illinois. Some specimens were obtained from this deposit a number 
of years ago, but excavation there was after a time suspended at 
the request of the landowner. During the year 1929, however, 
permission was given to Former Judge Bedford to continue excava- 
tion, and with great generosity he presented practically the entire 
results of his work to the Museum. A fine tusk and lower jaws of 
mammoth were important specimens found and received, also parts 
of skeletons of two individuals of mastodon, a skull and antlers of 
Cervalces and miscellaneous bones of bison. 

A collection consisting chiefly of fossil invertebrates and plants, 
numbering altogether 393 specimens, was presented by Mr. Henry 
Gebauer of Chicago. Among the fossil plants were a number of fine 
specimens, especially a large one of Neuropteris. There were 380 
specimens of invertebrate fossils and plants included, and most of 
these had been carefully identified and labeled. This collection also 
included seven specimens of minerals and one fossil fish from Syria. 

Ritchie Brothers of Saratoga Springs, New York, gave five 
specimens of fossil algae from this well-known locality. These speci- 
mens of this early form of plant life are large and well-preserved. 
One of the group has a diameter of about two feet. 

Two beautifully preserved fossil ammonites from County Antrim, 
Ireland, were presented by Mr. Bryan Patterson of the Department 
of Geology. The specimens were collected by his grandfather, the 
late William Gray, a British paleontologist. Mr. Patterson, together 
with Messrs. Paul Nieh of Chicago, F. H. Letl of the Department 
of Zoology, and Leroy Kranz and Clarence Lahde of Harvey, Illinois, 
also presented a number of fossil plants from Mazon Creek, 
Illinois. In Mr. Letl's donation were also included thirty-two 
specimens of invertebrate fossils from Amboy, Illinois. 

A complete section, with crust, of the Lafayette stone mete- 
orite was presented by Purdue University through the kindness 
of Professor H. E. Enders. This section, weighing 123 grams, 
represents about one-third of the entire specimen. It furnished 
sufficient material for analysis and a piece of good size for exhibi- 
tion. Thus far it is the only portion of this meteorite that has been 
removed from the original. 



>ld Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XV 



I 



- 2&r*ks Tim ^ 





7> 



V 



BRANCH OF HONDURAS MAHOGANY 

Stanley Field Hall, Case 21 

A branch of the mahogany of the east coast of Mexico and Central America 

Reproduced in Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories 

One-tenth natural size 



TMfc LI8h«H» 
OF THE 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 117 

In addition to the cast and specimen of the Tilden meteorite 
presented last year by the Illinois State Museum, a cast of the 
nine-pound meteorite from the same fall was given during the year 
by the same institution through Dr. A. R. Crook, Curator. 

Sixty-four specimens of quartz crystals from a new locality in 
McCurtain County, Oklahoma, were presented by Mr. J. H. Keester, 
of Cicero, Illinois. 

An interesting series of thirty-five geodes, showing various stages 
of transition of fossil crinoids into quartz geodes was presented by 
Mr. J. G. Prasuhn of the Department of Anthropology. These 
specimens were collected by him in Morgan County, Indiana. They 
show beyond question that the somewhat disputed view that geodes 
may be formed from fossil crinoids is, in one locality at least, correct. 

From the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad a 
large sand-lime concretion, thirty inches in diameter and weighing 
1,150 pounds, was received by gift. This concretion has an almost 
spherical form and affords a valuable exhibit to illustrate the size 
and shape in which such concretions may occur. This specimen was 
obtained from Mobridge, South Dakota. 

Two sand-lime concretions from the Salton Sea, California, one 
of which is unusual in size, were an appreciated gift from Mrs. S. A. 
Williams of Chicago. Concretions from this locality are remarkable 
for their peculiar forms, and one of those presented by Mrs. Williams 
was much larger than any previously possessed by the Museum. 

The Standard Oil Company (Indiana) gave 105 varieties of 
petroleum products which will enable a thorough revision to be 
made of the exhibit of petroleum products which this company 
previously provided. The specimens received in this gift were 
either entirely new to the collection, or replaced previous specimens 
that had deteriorated. 

Another interesting contribution to the petroleum series was a 
specimen of crude petroleum from the world's deepest producing 
oil well. This was presented by Mrs. H. C. Morris, of Chicago. It 
was obtained from a depth of 8,523 feet in Reagan County, Texas. 
Besides the great depth of the well, it is interesting to note that 
the specimen is composed of 70.6 per cent gasoline. 

By exchange with the University of Chicago, articulated skele- 
tons of the fossil so-called "ruminating hogs," Oreodon and Mery- 
chyus, from Sioux County, Nebraska, were received. While single 



118 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

bones of these animals are relatively common in some localities, 
complete skeletons are rare, so that these make an acquisition of 
much value. 

From the Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, there 
was received, also by exchange, a completely prepared skeleton of 
Trigonias, the most ancient and primitive representative of the true 
rhinoceroses. This interesting form, characterized by having four 
toes on the front foot instead of three as in modern rhinoceroses, 
and by other peculiarities, will afford a valuable addition to the 
series illustrating the development of the rhinoceros in North 
America. 

By exchange with Mr. Arthur Blocher of Amboy, Illinois, eighty- 
seven specimens were added to the collection of fossil invertebrates. 
These were chiefly from Illinois. 

Some valuable additions were made to the gem collection by 
purchase. One of these was a cut black opal of unusual brilliance, 
weighing fourteen carats, from Australia. As this is a stone for 
which frequent inquiries are made, it is gratifying to have this fine 
specimen. Other cut stones added by purchase were one of the 
new and interesting gem "starlite," or blue zircon, weighing three 
and four-tenths carats, and a green garnet from South Africa 
weighing seven carats. 

Since synthetic gems have become so widely known and used, 
it was deemed desirable to add a series of them to the gem collec- 
tion for comparison with the natural stones. Accordingly, a series 
of thirty-five specimens of these was purchased. This series shows 
a boule and a cut stone of each variety. It contains synthetic 
sapphires of thirteen and rubies of three different colors. A syn- 
thetic blue spinel is also included. 

To the meteorite collection several additions were made by pur- 
chase. One of these was an etched section of the Weekeroo, Australia, 
iron meteorite, weighing 6,465 grams. It represents a new type of 
meteorite, since it is intermediate between the iron-stones and the 
irons. 

A portion of the stone meteorite from Troup, Texas, was also 
purchased, a full-sized section of forty-three and two-tenths grams 
being obtained. Specimens from this meteorite are extremely rare. 

Another addition to the meteorite collection by purchase was an 
interesting series of fourteen specimens of the Brenham, Kansas, 
fall. These were individuals which had been foundjluring 1929, 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 119 

while the original fall had occurred previous to the year 1882. The 
long exposure to ground waters which the later-discovered indi- 
viduals had undergone, produced peculiar alterations, a careful study 
of which, it is hoped, will make it possible to determine the nature 
of other similar objects of suspected meteoric origin. 

A beautiful series, numbering eight specimens, of echinoids from 
Florida, was obtained by purchase. These echinoids are unusual 
because of their shape and complete preservation. Two specimens of 
fossil crinoids purchased are also notable for their perfection of form 
and preservation. Those obtained are from a locality in Bundenbach, 
Germany. 

A valuable addition to the series of vertebrate fossils obtained 
by purchase was one of partial skeletons of several species of early 
Tertiary mammals from Utah. These included a skull and jaws, 
limb and foot bones of the primitive cursorial rhinoceros Hyrachyus, 
a similar series of remains of Protoreodon, the ancestor of Oreodon, 
and a partial skeleton of the so-called "short-faced pig," Achaenodon. 

A beautifully executed model, six feet square, of Glacier Park, 
Montana, was added by purchase to the series of relief maps. 
This model has a horizontal scale of one inch to the mile and a 
vertical scale of one inch to a half-mile. Roads, trails, and various 
features of scenic interest in the area are fully and accurately 
represented on the model. 

The most important accession from expeditions was that of 173 
specimens of volcanic products collected by the Marshall Field 
Expedition to the Mount Taylor, New Mexico, region. Of these 
specimens about one hundred represent different forms of lavas. 
Two large masses, the surface of one of which covers about four 
square feet, represent in a striking way the stages of flow of viscid 
lava. Other forms include lava stalactites, volcanic bombs, scoria, 
lapilli, cellular basalts, and others. A series of thirty specimens 
shows interesting stages in the alteration of volcanic ash to benton- 
ite. From the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of the Depart- 
ment of Zoology there were received three specimens of volcanic 
rocks from the Fiji Islands, and from the Marshall Field North 
Arabian Expedition eleven specimens of desert sands and one speci- 
men of loess. 

Zoology.— Accessions of zoological specimens for the year reach 
the large and unprecedented total of 23,754, of which 14,468 are 
vertebrates. Moreover, this does not include some 12,000 fishes 



120 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

received from the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition, which are 
temporarily in the custody of Stanford University. After being 
studied, at least half of these will be permanently accessioned. The 
large additions to the collections are due mainly to the success of 
various expeditions. 

The accessions are distributed as follows: mammals, 2,662; birds, 
7,055; reptiles and amphibians, 3,140; fishes, 1,611; insects, 9,286. 
The number obtained by Museum expeditions is 22,347; by gift, 
1,024; by purchase, 271; and by exchange, 112. 

Gifts of mammals were unusually few, altogether amounting to 
only fifteen specimens, including several local mammals obtained by 
members of the Staff. Lord Astor, of London, presented a British 
stoat and a wildcat, both welcome additions to the collections. A 
sea-elephant, received in the flesh from Hagenbeck Brothers, of 
Stellingen, Germany, yielded a skeleton of this animal, but the 
skin was not recoverable. 

Among the mammals received from major expeditions were 
many rare and little-known species as well as a number which careful 
study will doubtless prove to be new to science. From the William 
V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia, the peculiar 
carnivore known as the giant panda is of first importance. The 
few specimens of this rare animal which have previously reached 
museums have been from native sources and are more or less in- 
complete. The specimen obtained by Messrs. Theodore and Kermit 
Roosevelt is perfectly prepared, accurately measured, and accom- 
panied by a skull and a complete skeleton, the first ever to be pre- 
served. The exact relationships of this animal are of much interest 
to technical zoologists, and the opportunity presented for study of 
an entire skeleton is indeed welcome. The acquisition of the giant 
panda, therefore, not only provides a rare and interesting specimen 
for public exhibition, but also furnishes material of high importance 
for scientific study. 

As mentioned elsewhere, the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition 
obtained an extensive and varied collection of mammals from south- 
western China and northern Indo-China, altogether forming the 
largest and most important accession of Asiatic mammals ever 
received by the Museum. Among the small and medium-sized 
mammals are some of great rarity and a number not heretofore 
represented in any American institution. Of especial interest is a 
carnivore of the civet family which is the third known specimen of 
a genus (Chrotogale) only recently discovered. Another medium- 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 121 

sized mammal obtained by the expedition is the rare and beautiful 
monkey known as the golden monkey (Rhinopithecus) or snub- 
nosed monkey. The larger mammals from this expedition are thirty 
to forty in number and fulfill, to a large extent, the remaining needs 
for the habitat groups of large Asiatic mammals which it is proposed 
to prepare for installation in William V. Kelley Hall. Most important 
are the Indian bison, the seladang or gaur ox, the banting, and 
the Indian water buffalo. 

Mammals received from the Crane Pacific Expedition are mainly 
small and medium-sized, but are of great interest, representing 
many genera and species not heretofore possessed by the Museum. 
An especially fine series of bats was obtained, embracing two sub- 
orders, sixteen genera, and thirty-two species. A great many of 
these are large fruit-bats or "flying foxes," which are difficult to 
procure except by a privately organized expedition of this kind. 
A new species of rodent was discovered in the Galapagos Islands 
by the expedition, and has been described in the Museum's publica- 
tions under the name Nesoryzomys darwini in honor of Charles 
Darwin who first discovered rodents in these islands. During the final 
work of the expedition in Borneo, an important collection of the 
mammals of that island was made, including five well-preserved 
orang-utans. 

Accessions of mammals from the Harold White-John Coats 
Abyssinian Expedition of Field Museum are featured by material 
for two important habitat groups. One of these is a lion group for 
which five choice specimens were obtained, and the other is a very 
large water hole group, specimens for which include five reticulated 
giraffes, several Grevy's zebras, elands, gazelles, and a black rhinoc- 
eros. This expedition also collected certain other mammals, among 
them three aard-varks, the first well-prepared examples of this 
interesting animal ever received by the Museum. 

Seven fine Pacific walrus and five Alaskan caribou were received 
from the Thome-Graves Arctic Expedition of Field Museum. These 
were especially prepared for use in habitat groups, and reached the 
Museum in excellent condition. They form a notable part of the 
year's accessions of mammals. 

Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe continued a limited amount of work 
in British India. Specimens of mammals received from him include 
a sloth bear, a spotted hyena, and a very fine adult male Indian 
lion, this last being a very scarce and desirable acquisition. 



122 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

From the Third Asiatic Expedition of the American Museum 
of Natural History, in which Field Museum cooperated, 197 speci- 
mens of Asiatic rodents were received during the year. 

Accessions of birds were very large, those entered on the records 
numbering 5,809, to which should be added 1,157 received too late 
for entry, making a total of 7,055. Most of these were obtained by 
expeditions, 5,194 being from the Kelley-Roosevelts Asiatic Expedi- 
tion alone. Much time and study will be required to evaluate this 
superb collection, but preliminary examination indicates that it 
contains a considerable number of new and undescribed species, 
various little-known and rare species not heretofore brought to 
America, and a large, comprehensive representation of the avifauna 
of southeastern Asia, nearly all new to Field Museum. 

Birds received from the Crane Pacific Expedition number 1,228 
specimens, covering a wide variety of localities and including a very 
high percentage of unusual and desirable types to be seen only in a 
few of the largest museums in the world. Of especial interest are 
the flightless cormorant of the Galapagos Islands, the rare land 
birds of Cocos Island, certain petrels and other birds of the open 
sea, and various birds of exceptionally beautiful plumage — parrots, 
lories, and pigeons from the South Sea Islands and hornbills, cocka- 
toos, and birds of paradise from Borneo and New Guinea. 

Birds were not an especial object of the Harold White- John 
Coats Abyssinian Expedition, and only a few specimens were taken, 
but among them was a very distinct new species of francolin, a 
pheasant-like game bird. A good series of the scarce Abyssinian 
blue goose was also secured by this expedition. 

An important accession of birds was obtained in Arizona by 
Taxidermist Ashley Hine. This consisted of 323 specimens espe- 
cially selected and prepared for mounting to fulfill needs in the 
Museum's systematic exhibit of North American birds. 

By exchange and purchase a few scarce birds have been added 
to the collections, mainly from Neotropical America. Among them 
may be mentioned Cossyphopsis reevei from Ecuador, Pyrrhura 
viridicata from Colombia, and Sapayoa aenigma, Manacus cirritus, 
and Tangara palmeri from Panama. 

A valuable gift was that of two paintings of American birds by 
the late Louis Agassiz Fuertes, presented by Colonel Albert A. 
Sprague. These are of large size (18" x 30") and are among the finest 
existing examples of Fuertes' work. The subjects are the American 
horned owl and the American goshawk. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 123 

The most important accessions of reptiles are those obtained by 
the Crane Pacific Expedition, numbering 2,006 specimens. Notable 
are well-preserved shells of the extinct tortoise of Charles Island, 
Galapagos; series of the reptile fauna of the Fiji Islands, Solomon 
Islands, and New Hebrides; an excellent series of the two species of 
crocodiles from New Guinea, including the recently discovered 
Crocodilus novae-guineae ; and a representation of the faunas of New 
Guinea, Celebes, Borneo, and the Philippines, hitherto entirely 
wanting in the Museum's collections. Reptiles from the Kelley- 
Roosevelts Expedition consist of 228 specimens, mainly snakes, from 
northern Indo-China, and 300 specimens, including various amphibi- 
ans, from western China in the provinces of Yunnan and Szechwan. 

Two specimens of an extraordinary lizard (Palmatogecko) of the 
gecko group from the Kalahari Desert in southwestern Africa were 
received as a gift from Dr. W. J. Cameron of Chicago. This lizard 
is very pale, practically colorless, and has developed unusual, webbed 
feet such as might be expected in a swimming animal but which, in 
this case, appear to be adaptations for progression over loose sand. 
Ten snakes and frogs from British Guiana were presented by Dr. 
A. E. Emerson of the University of Chicago, and 295 specimens from 
Wisconsin by Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt of Stanley, Wisconsin. 

The most important fish collection of the year is that made by 
the Crane Pacific Expedition. This will not be accessioned until 
it has been studied at Stanford University, but ultimately it will 
add some 6,000 specimens to the Museum. Preliminary examina- 
tion by Dr. A. W. Herre of Stanford University, who made the 
collection, indicates that it contains twenty to thirty unknown 
species, the majority from New Guinea. Sixty-four plaster molds 
of fishes with detailed color notes for exhibition purposes accompany 
this collection. 

Fresh-water fishes from western China were collected by Mr. 
Herbert Stevens of the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to the total 
of 438, a number which appears small but which really represents 
one of the largest collections of the kind ever made in this part of 
the world. 

Six accessions of fishes were received as gifts during the year. 
Mr. Frederick H. Rawson of Chicago presented a mounted trunk- 
fish; Mr. Fred N. Peet of Chicago sent three Canadian brook trout; 
and Mr. E. L. Vacin of Chicago gave a very fine specimen of the 
northern muskalonge. The General Biological Supply House of 



124 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Chicago presented six specimens, including a very rare eel, of which 
only four or five had been seen previously by scientists. Dr. W. C. 
Kendall of Freeport, Maine, gave nineteen specimens of the eastern 
tomcod, a species not previously well represented in the Museum. 
Mr. Donald Bennorth of Elgin, Illinois, presented five interesting 
lampreys, a small trout, and a darter, all from Illinois. 

The number of insects and their allies accessioned is 9,286, con- 
sisting of 520 donations and 8,766 specimens collected by Museum 
expeditions. Mr. E. B. Williamson of Bluffton, Indiana, showed 
his continued interest in the insect collection by presenting 106 
named dragon flies from the Americas. Dr. A. E. Emerson, of the 
University of Chicago, presented 369 named termites representing 
fifty-one species and including sixteen paratypes of these interest- 
ing social insects. From the Crane Pacific Expedition were received 
928 insects, scorpions, centipedes, millipedes, and spiders. A large 
collection of insects came from the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition, 
reaching a total of 7,853 specimens, about two-thirds of which are 
butterflies and moths from western China. This collection, at pres- 
ent only roughly classified, forms a notable addition to the Museum's 
series of Asiatic insects and will doubtless serve to contribute many 
interesting additions to knowledge. 

DEPARTMENTAL CATALOGUING, INVENTORYING 

AND LABELING 

Anthropology. — Twenty-four of the fifty-four accessions in the 
Department of Anthropology during the year have been entered. 
Fourteen accessions from previous years were also entered. 

The work of cataloguing has been continued as usual during the 
current year, the number of catalogue cards prepared totaling 
10,742. The total number of catalogue cards entered since the 
opening of the first volume is 188,622. The 10,742 cards written 
during 1929 for accessions received during the year or in previous 
years are distributed according to subjects as follows: North 
American archaeology and ethnology, 2,232; Mexican, Central and 
South American archaeology and ethnology, 985; archaeology 
and ethnology of China, Indo-China, and Japan, 136; archaeology and 
ethnology of India, 16; ethnology of Persia, 2; ethnology of Polynesia, 
16; ethnology of Melanesia, 18; ethnology of Malaysia, 1,565; archae- 
ology and ethnology of Africa, 587; archaeology of Egypt, 101; 
archaeology of Mesopotamia, 7; prehistoric archaeology of Europe, 




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 125 

5,077. Of these cards 7,463 have been entered in the inventory 
books, which now number fifty-three volumes. 

About 3,000 labels were prepared by the Staff during the year, 
and 7,604 copies of them were supplied by the Division of Printing 
for use in exhibition cases. These labels are distributed according 
to subjects as follows: archaeology of Egypt, 1,226; archaeology of 
Hopewell Mounds, 543; ethnology of Plains Indians, 2,304; ethnology 
of California, 1,426; ethnology and archaeology of Mexico, 961; 
ethnology of South America, 399; archaeology of China, 99; ethnology 
of Japan, 216; ethnology of Malaysia, 354; ethnology of India, 26; 
archaeology of Kish, 45; Roman archaeology, 5. Sixty maps, 6,745 
catalogue cards, and five miscellaneous impressions were also supplied 
by the Division of Printing. 

The total number of photographs placed in the albums amounts 
to 3,501. Nine new albums were opened. 

Botany. — Descriptive labels were written by Assistant Curator 
McNair during the year for additions to the exhibits of nuts, tubers, 
and starches in Hall 25. As mentioned elsewhere in this Report, he 
also prepared card catalogues of plants that contain large quan- 
tities of starch, sugar, gums, tannins, resins, drying oils, semi- 
drying oils, non-drying oils, fats, and waxes. These cards are of 
value in obtaining and arranging material for exhibits of varnish 
resins, edible oils, and paint oils. They have also been of use in 
writing scientific papers on the differential analysis of starches and 
the relation of various oils to specificity, environment, and origin 
of plants. 

The additions to the records of the Herbarium during 1929 
amounted to 19,979, the total of mounted specimens now being 
600,336. 

Labels were written for many thousands of herbarium speci- 
mens received during the year, particularly for the collections made 
in Brazil by Acting Curator Dahlgren and for those obtained in 
Peru by Mr. Williams. Several thousand labels were prepared, also, 
for the duplicate specimens distributed. Descriptive labels were 
written for several cases of the N. W. Harris Public School Exten- 
sion of Field Museum. 

About 1,900 index cards were received this year from the Institut 
Colonial de Marseille. They deal with the literature pertaining to 
tropical agriculture and give title of article, author's name, full 



126 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

bibliographic reference, and classification. There are fifty-seven 
different subjects, such as cereals, edible legumes, and plants used 
for textiles, oils, perfumery, spices and condiments, gums and resins, 
medicine, and other purposes. 

Geology. — The number of specimens catalogued during the 
year was 1,480, making the total number of catalogue entries 
185,952. Of those entered during the year, the largest number in 
any single group was that of the Gebauer collection of fossil inverte- 
brates and plants which totaled 393 specimens. Other large groups 
were 173 specimens of volcanic products, 105 specimens of petroleum 
products, and 73 additional specimens of invertebrate fossils. 
Altogether, 697 specimens of invertebrate fossils were catalogued, 
259 of minerals, 250 of specimens illustrating physical geology, and 
164 of economic specimens. 

For greater convenience of reference, the records of the several 
collections of fossil vertebrates were copied from the older books 
and combined in a loose-leaf cover. To the card catalogue of verte- 
brate fossils fifty-seven cards were added. These cards give full 
descriptions of each specimen, including field number, name of col- 
lector, date of collection, locality, horizon, and reference to descrip- 
tion of type specimen. 

A total of 6,822 labels was received from the Division of Printing 
during the year, of which 3,659 related to paleontological exhibits 
and the remainder chiefly to the systematic mineralogical exhibit. 
Of these labels, 5,807 were installed in the cases. Illuminated labels 
were prepared for the Neanderthal Man exhibit in Ernest R. 
Graham Hall. 

Copy for 4,388 labels was prepared and delivered to the Division 
of Printing. These included labels for the larger part of the mete- 
orite collection and for the remainder of the systematic collection 
of minerals. Typewritten labels, 273 in number, were prepared and 
installed for temporary use with various exhibits, chiefly those of 
the silicas, petroleums, and gems. 

Photographic prints, 369 in number, were mounted in the 
Department albums during the year. In addition, the series of 
550 field negatives made by the Second Marshall Field Paleonto- 
logical Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia was catalogued and 
labeled. The total number of prints now in the albums is 6,362. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 127 

Zoology. — Entries in the zoological catalogues were made for a 
total of 5,324 specimens. These were distributed, by divisions, as 
follows: mammals, 2,449; birds, 924; reptiles and amphibians, 
1,951; skeletons, 10. 

All specimens of mammals were numbered as catalogued, and 
new Museum labels were provided for 272 specimens. In addition, 
950 labels for skins of large mammals were written and attached. 
About 250 skull bottles were labeled. Guide labels were typed and 
affixed to all the drawers of the new storage cases for mammals. 
An alphabetical index and guide to the mammal collection was 
prepared and bound in book form. Exhibition labels for all mammals 
in George M. Pullman Hall were prepared and printed and are 
awaiting installation. Transparent labels were prepared for five 
large habitat groups of mammals. All labels for the African groups 
in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall were revised, reprinted, and 
reinstalled. Distribution maps were prepared to accompany each 
of these labels. 

In the reference collection of birds, rearrangement of a large 
amount of material in new steel cases necessitated labeling 842 
separate trays and sixty cases and cans. The new exhibits of cranes, 
rails, and shore birds on two screens were supplied with seventy- 
four individual labels. In addition, eight wall labels were installed 
adjacent to cases of the systematic exhibit of North American birds. 
About 700 labels for the exhibit of foreign birds have been prepared 
and printed, and are to be installed when label-holders are available. 
These labels are printed in black on buff cards to replace the silver 
on black formerly used, and have been revised to bring all names 
down to date. 

Cataloguing of reptiles and amphibians was kept abreast of 
accessions, and at the close of the year there was no uncatalogued 
material on hand. Thirty-seven labels were prepared and installed 
for exhibits of reptiles and amphibians. 

In the Department photograph albums 555 prints were mounted 
and, so far as practicable, each was labeled as to subject. 

The state of the catalogues at the end of the year is as follows: 

Number of Total of entries Entries Total of 

record books to Dec. 31, 1929 during 1929 cards written 

Department of Anthropology 53 188,622 7,463 193,175 

Department of Botany 63 600,436 18,299 15,813 

Department of Geology 26 185,952 1,480 6,930 

Department of Zoology 41 145,919 5,324 40,821 

Library 16 186,309 8,137 386,624 



128 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

INSTALLATIONS AND REARRANGEMENTS 

Anthropology. — The principal efforts during the current year 
were concentrated on installing Egyptian material in a new type of 
illuminated case, and on installing the new buff-colored screens and 
labels in Hall 5. 

A total of sixty-nine exhibition cases, including one life-size 

group, were installed during the year, located as follows: 

Egypt (Hall J) 29 

Frank W. Gunsaulus Hall (Hall C) 2 

Arthur B. Jones Collection (Hall G) 1 

Stanley Field Hall 4 

Plains Indians (Hall 5) 28 

North American Archaeology (Hall 4) 2 

California Indians (Hall 6) 2 

China (Hall 24) 1 

Total 69 






For the hall devoted to the archaeology of Egypt thirty-seven 
floor cases in walnut finish, seven feet high, were especially built. 
There are two types — a narrow case, twenty-one inches wide and 
five feet, eight and one-half inches long, and a larger one, thirty-two 
inches wide and seven feet long — both placed against the pilasters. 
These cases are illuminated by light boxes on top which insure an 
even diffusion of light over the exhibits. The ceiling lights have 
been cut off, the underlying principle being that the exhibits, not 
the hall, should be lighted. 

After many experiments and trial installations extending over a 
period of two months a formula was found by which the greatest 
possible efficiency in displaying material in these new illuminated 
cases was achieved. This method of installation has met with 
universal approval, and has elicited many favorable comments both 
from experts and the general public. An example is shown in 
Plate IV. The material thus far installed comprises pottery (six 
cases), faience and glass, ushebtis (two cases), alabaster vessels 
(four cases), canopic jars, stone vases (three cases), stone sculpture 
(three cases), bronze figures (two cases), mortuary wooden boxes, 
wooden models, wooden figures, and architectural models. It is 
hoped that the installation of the Egyptian Hall will be completed 
in the early part of the coming year. The installation of animal 
mummies in two cases is at present in actual progress. 

The old case sheltering the mortuary boat of King Sesostris III 
has been renovated with a walnut finish, and by installation of a 
lighting system in conformity with the other cases in the hall. 




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An old-type case containing limestone sarcophagus lids of the 
Ptolemaic period (fourth to first century B.C.) has been renovated 
in the same manner. 

An illuminated wall case, twenty-six feet long, containing 
Egyptian papyri, was installed on the southeast wall of the hall, 
beneath the carved balcony fronts from Cairo. A new continuous 
built-in case, 108 feet long and two and one-half feet deep, divided 
into eight sections, has been erected along the central part of the 
south wall, and will be installed with Coptic garments and fabrics 
in the near future. Like the other built-in wall cases in the hall it 
is equipped with an upper compartment, twelve inches deep and 
thirty- two inches high. 

The Japanese collections formerly in the southeast room of the 
second floor were transferred to Hall C on the ground floor, a por- 
tion of the west end of the hall being screened off for this purpose. 
The name, Frank W. Gunsaulus Hall, used in the old location, is 
now applied to the new one. The arrangement is practically the 
same as in the old quarters, save that the model of a pagoda occupies 
the center of the new room. Two of the six-foot cases were com- 
pletely reinstalled, one of these, Case 7, with a light-colored screen, 
upon which has been added material not previously on exhibition. 
The lacquered saddle presented by Colonel A. A. Sprague was added 
to Case 4. This case also contains a complete suit of armor made in 
a.d. 1351 which was presented by Miss Adele Barrett of Chicago in 
1924. All labels in this hall, with the exception of the two cases 
containing sword fittings, were thoroughly revised and reprinted in 
the newly adopted style, and improvements were made in all cases. 

A life-size cast of a Dyak hunter of Borneo (Plate XIII) was 
added to the Arthur B. Jones Collection in Hall G. In the left hand 
is a shield used in warding off poison darts or parrying spears or 
knives. Suspended from the loin cloth is a long fighting knife. In 
the right hand is a blowgun, the principal weapon both for hunting 
and fighting. The darts used for the blowgun are carried in a quiver 
at the hunter's belt. Photographs and data for this figure were 
obtained by Dr. F. C. Cole in connection with the Arthur B. Jones 
Expedition to Malaysia in 1922-23. The casting and modeling of 
the figure was done by Modeler John G. Prasuhn. Six cases in 
Hall G were provided with labels, which makes the labeling of this 
hall complete. 

In Stanley Field Hall three exhibits were withdrawn and the 
cases thus vacated were installed with new material. Case 4 now 



130 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

contains a selection of embroidered articles, chiefly women's dresses, 
mostly of silk, from western India, presented by Messrs. Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Martin A. Ryerson, and Homer E. Sargent and col- 
lected by Dr. G. A. Dorsey in India in 1915. The exhibit illus- 
trates well the picturesque styles of feminine apparel in vogue in 
India. A few selected objects from China were temporarily displayed 
in Case 12. These are a scepter of good luck carved from sandal- 
wood with symbols of longevity in openwork, presented by the 
firm of Grow and Cuttle of Chicago, and a pair of old cabinet doors 
of black lacquer painted with scenes in gold lacquer. In the lower 
compartment of this case is shown a section of a paper roll, twenty- 
five feet long, painted in ink with a very fine brush. The picture 
represents one hundred ladies at a garden party, enjoying music, 
picking flowers, and even playing football. It is a work of the 
fifteenth century. 

Reinstallations were made in Case 7 of Stanley Field Hall in 
order to make room for the inscribed fossil turtle presented in 1928 by 
Mrs. Chauncey B. Borland of Chicago (Annual Report for 1928, page 
450) and the two polo figures presented by Mr. Earle H. Reynolds 
this year (see page 97). The old style black labels with aluminum 
print in this case were replaced by new buff labels with black type. 

A temporary exhibition of material from the graves of Kish 
was placed in Case 11 of Stanley Field Hall in November. These 
objects belong to the earliest Sumerian period (about 3500 B.C.). 
The outstanding exhibit is a copper rushlight with a base in the 
shape of a frog whose eyes are of inlaid limestone. The frog serves 
as a support for a rod surmounted by five petals which contained 
the rushes used as a primitive means of illumination. The exhibit 
includes also fine bowls of alabaster and other stones; copper imple- 
ments and vessels; shells used as lamps; necklaces of carnelian and 
quartz, and shell beads. The artistic quality and excellent work- 
manship of these objects testify to the high degree of cultural 
achievement attained by the early inhabitants of Kish. 

The unique collection of archaeological material from the Hope- 
well Mounds of Ohio has been reinstalled in two standard cases on 
buff-colored screens, and is well illustrated by photographs, draw- 
ings, and maps. Despite the fact that one of these cases contains 
475 and the other 371 objects, the installation is perfectly clear and 
easily comprehensible, the material being grouped in vertical panels. 
It conveys a vivid impression of the highly developed culture of 
the ancient mound-builders and their keen artistic sense, which 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 131 

reveals itself particularly in their ornaments cut out of sheets of 
copper and mica, as well as in their admirable sculptures of birds 
and effigy pipes. 

Much work was performed during the year in Hall 5 devoted to 
the ethnology of the Plains Indians. A total of twenty-eight 
exhibition cases in this hall have been reinstalled with buff-colored 
screens and numerous improvements in arrangement (see Plate IX). 
Labels were carefully revised and re-edited, and then reprinted 
in the newly adopted style. 

Installation progressed in Hall 6, where one case of Californian 
feather baskets and another of Porno baskets were placed on exhibi- 
tion. Old labels were replaced with new ones in eight cases of this 
hall, and photographs were placed in seven cases. Twenty-five 
photographs were added to exhibits in five cases of Hall 9, and four 
cases in Halls 8 and 9 were provided with new labels. Rearrange- 
ments were made in three cases of the Gem Room (H. N. Higin- 
botham Hall). 

The ceremonial silk robe presented last year by Messrs. Martin 
C. Schwab and Henry M. Wolf (Annual Report for 1928, page 451) 
has been added to the Chinese exhibits at the north end of Hall 24. 

For use in the cases of Egyptian archaeology 198 bases and 
blocks, 337 walnut stands, and forty-six walnut label frames were 
made. 

In the Modeling Section of the Department the life-size figure 
of a Dyak hunter of Borneo previously mentioned was modeled and 
cast by Modeler Prasuhn. A visit to the city by a Bushman 
from South Africa gave Mr. Prasuhn opportunity to make a com- 
plete plaster cast of his body, which will be utilized in the future 
in preparing a life-size Bushman group. The modeler also com- 
pleted a miniature council house for a village group from Sumatra, 
and modeled and cast eight human figures for it. He treated 
265 Egyptian bronzes by means of the electro-chemical process, 
retouched eleven casts of Maya monuments in Hall 8, made some 
repairs on the Maori council house from New Zealand in Hall F, 
and made a positive from a Chinese coin-mold. 

Five hundred and eighty-four objects were treated, repaired or 
restored. These comprise 152 antiquities from Egypt, 141 from 
Mesopotamia, 13 from China, 5 from Japan, 15 from North America, 
40 from Central and South America, 122 from Europe, 4 ethnological 
objects, and 92 skulls and bones from Kish. 



132 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Identification numbers marked on Museum objects during the 
year total 15,998. 

Material in fifty-three exhibition cases was poisoned during the 
year. Material stored in the poison room was taken care of in the 
usual manner and is in good condition. 

A new storage room with a floor space of 1,331 square feet has 
been set aside at the west end of Hall D on the ground floor for 
American archaeological material. It has been completely equipped 
with steel shelving. There are 124 bays of eight shelves each, mak- 
ing a total of 992 shelves. Each shelf is three feet long and one and 
one-half feet deep, making a total of 4,464 square feet of actual 
shelvage space, which is more than 1,000 square feet in excess of the 
space in the old storage room. 

Dr. Paul S. Martin, who assumed his duties as Assistant Curator 
of North American Archaeology on October 1, commenced his work 
by cataloguing two large collections and formulating plans for 
moving the archaeological material into the new storage room and 
arranging it in proper order. The new shelvage space has been 
divided in such a manner that three-fourths of it is devoted 
to North American archaeology, and the remainder to Central 
and South American archaeology. About ten thousand objects were 
moved with the aid of two men in a fortnight. Each object was 
cleaned and checked with the inventory before its removal into 
the new quarters. The Hopi pottery was first cared for because 
it is the largest collection in number from any given area. All 
uncatalogued material was carefully segregated so that it can be 
easily located when the time for cataloguing comes. 

Twenty-eight cabinets with steel doors, holding 417 wooden 
trays, were installed in Room 40 for the purpose of storing the 
material of prehistoric archaeology. The collections obtained by 
the Marshall Field Archaeological Expeditions to Europe and the 
Arabian Desert have been unpacked and carefully arranged in the 
trays in this room. The majority of specimens has been catalogued 
and numbered. 

A new room, designated 36A, was added to the quarters of the 
Department on the third floor by building a partition wall in the 
southeast corner and thus screening off a portion of the south cor- 
ridor. This room will be utilized for the storage of the archaeological 
material from Kish for which no adequate space was hitherto avail- 
able. For lack of space a great part of the consignment received 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 133 

from Kish this year had to be kept in the boxes in which it arrived, 
but will be unpacked, cleaned, and sorted as soon as racks are built 
in the new room. 

Botany. — Owing to the work on material for the Carboniferous 
forest group for Ernest R. Graham Hall which during the past 
year occupied most of the time of the Stanley Field Plant Repro- 
duction Laboratories, few new installations were made in the Hall 
of Plant Life. The many inquiries reaching the Museum about 
ragweeds, so abundant in this vicinity and important as a source of 
hay fever infection, led the Director to request that the most com- 
mon species be represented in the botanical exhibits. Reproduc- 
tions (see Plate XI), were therefore made of the great ragweed 
(Ambrosia trifida) and the smaller ragweed known as hogweed 
(Ambrosia elatior), which were completed late in the year and 
installed in Hall 29. 

The splendid dried specimen of a sagebrush collected last year 
in Idaho by Assistant Curator Macbride, and presented by him, 
was installed in the same hall where it will, for a long time to come, 
serve as a sample of the most conspicuous element of the vegeta- 
tion of large stretches of country in the semi-arid regions of the 
northwest. 

Models of poppy and cleome flowers, in storage for some years 
awaiting related material with which to install them, were remounted 
and also placed on exhibition in the Hall of Plant Life, as was a 
model of a large, melonlike pod of an undetermined tropical vine of 
the milkweed family, the original of which was sent by Professor 
Record. 

The most important recent change in the exhibits of the Depart- 
ment of Botany is the rearrangement of the wood halls which was 
begun early in the year. The Hall of American Woods has long 
been in an unsatisfactory condition. Some years ago Professor 
Record drew up a new plan for the exhibits eliminating a large mass 
of relatively unimportant material to make room for all of the most 
important North American timber trees. He also prepared new 
labels to take the place of the former ones. On the basis of this 
plan a complete reinstallation is now being effected. The lacking 
material is being supplied generously by individuals and concerns 
interested in various phases of the American lumber industries. 
Among those who have actively aided Professor Record in securing 
such new material, mention must be made of Professor Emanuel 



134 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Fritz of the University of California. Specific gifts are mentioned 
under the section of this Report devoted to Accessions. 

New and more representative specimens of lumber have thus 
been secured to take the place of defective boards formerly included. 
Many of the former exhibits have been retired from exhibition and 
the former black background in the wood cases is being replaced 
by the light buff color adopted for all of the exhibits. It is hoped 
to replace the pictures of foliage with reproductions of branches so 
that finally the wood cases will present the appearance of the 
hickory case illustrated in last year's Report (Plate XLVI, Vol. VII). 

The exhibit of various valuable and unusual tropical woods 
installed last year in Stanley Field Hall was removed to make place 
for an exhibit of American mahoganies. Three species are on dis- 
play: Cuban mahogany (Swietenia Mahagoni), Mexican mahogany 
(Swietenia humilis) of the Pacific coast of Mexico and Central 
America, and Peruvian mahogany (Swietenia Tessmanii). The 
Cuban and Mexican mahogany boards are beautifully figured. The 
Peruvian mahogany is not figured, but is nevertheless of excellent 
quality and similar to the Honduras species. All were donated for 
the Museum's wood exhibits by Ichabod T. Williams and Sons of 
New York. With the boards are shown branches of West Indian 
and of Honduras mahogany (Plate XV) obtained in the American 
tropics by the Acting Curator and reproduced in the Stanley Field 
Plant Reproduction Laboratories of the Department of Botany. 

An eight-foot length of the trunk of a Guatemalan cow-tree, 
sent to the Museum by the United Fruit Company at the request 
of Professor Record, was installed as an exhibit in a special case in 
Hall 27, together with a jar of the latex or "milk," a sample of the 
wood, and photographs showing the tree in its natural habitat. 
The cow-tree was discovered only a few years ago, and it is con- 
fined to a small region near the coast of Guatemala. The "milk" 
looks exactly like cow's milk. Being of agreeable flavor, it is some- 
times drunk by natives as a beverage. 

Installation of the economic botanical exhibits in Hall 25 has 
been continued by Assistant Curator McNair. Attention was 
given especially to plant products used as food by man— nuts, 
starchy tubers, starches of economic importance, spices and con- 
diments. 

The method of installation followed has been described in the 
Annual Reports of 1926 and 1927 (pages 87-88 and 272 respectively). 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 135 

The exhibit of starchy tubers and starches of economic import- 
ance has been limited to thirteen representative specimens. There 
are seven principal commercial starches: rice, wheat, corn, sago, 
arrowroot, cassava, and potato. Of these corn, wheat, and rice 
starch are shown in their respective places in the exhibit of grains 
and therefore are not included with the other starches derived from 
very different sources. These sources represented with samples of 
their starches are: potato (Solanum tuberosum), sweet potato 
(Ipomoea Batatas), East Indian arrowroot (Curcuma angustifolia) , 
roots of the North American cycad, coontie (Zamia floridana), 
roots of taro (Colocasia antiquorum), breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa), 
Tahiti arrowroot (Tacca pinnatifida), yam (Dioscorea alata), West 
Indian arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea), Queensland arrowroot 
(Carina edulis), banana and plantain (Musa paradisiaca and M. 
sapientium) , sago (Metroxylon Rumphii), and cassava (Manihot 
utilissima) . 

The importance of cassava starch in Brazil, the Guianas, and 
other South American countries is fully equal to that of the cereal 
grains, and as an especially interesting source of starch it has been 
shown in greater detail than the other starches derived from roots 
or tubers. The cassava exhibit includes the implements usually 
employed in its preparation — the curious cassava squeezer of the 
South American Indians, made from strips of the reed-like stems of 
a marantaceous plant (Ischnosiphon), and a strainer of the same 
material. Also shown are a lump of the starch as it comes from the 
squeezer, another as subsequently smoked for preservation, the 
various grades of the starch prepared in various ways, and the curi- 
ous commercial package in which it is marketed in quantities — 
an adaptation of the South American Indian storage basket lined 
with green leaves — of about seventy-five pounds weight. Tapioca, 
the only form in which this article of food is known in the United 
States, cassava cakes, and "biscoitos" complete the exhibit. Much 
of this material was obtained by the Marshall Field Botanical 
Expedition to the Amazon. 

In the starch exhibit it has been found desirable to represent 
some of the large roots and tubers by casts or models of the originals, 
since some of these, unfortunately, shrink as much as 75 per cent, 
besides discoloring on drying. Casts of various starchy roots and 
tubers, difficult to preserve dry, e.g. cassava, potatoes, yams, and 
several kinds of taro or dasheen, and also a model of a breadfruit 



136 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

were therefore produced in the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction 
Laboratories for the starch exhibits. 

In the exhibit of edible nuts it has been possible to divide those 
of Old World origin from those of the New World, affording an 
interesting comparison, each lot occupying one-half of an exhibi- 
tion case in Hall 25. One entire case was also employed for the 
exhibit of spices and condiments, including ginger, turmeric, car- 
damom, vanilla, nutmeg, mace, cinnamon, cassia, bay leaves, 
poppy seed, black and white pepper, long pepper, black and white 
mustard, horse-radish, savory, peppermint, thyme, sage, marjoram, 
chile pepper, paprika, coriander, caraway, anise, cumin, cloves, 
allspice, tonka beans, and garlic. 

There remain in Hall 25 a few empty cases, one of which is 
reserved for an exhibit of the principal comestible vegetables; 
another for beverages, such as matte, cassine tea, guarana, and 
cacao; still another for fermented beverages, while the last case in 
the hall will be devoted to an exhibit showing which of the principal 
food plants are of American origin. 

In Hall 28 an exhibit of the distillation products from hard 
woods was revised, brought up to date and reinstalled. This con- 
sists of cord lengths of the principal woods used for distillation, viz., 
birch, beech, maple, and white ash, charcoal and twenty-seven 
products of distillation. These products are arranged in the order 
of a flow sheet in three series: above, the gaseous product, in the 
middle an ascending row of the volatile liquids showing the means 
of separating wood alcohol from acetic acid, and in the lower portion 
of the case a descending row of tubes containing the tarry, non- 
alcoholic liquids. The exhibit gives a clear conception of the sub- 
stances obtained in the destructive distillation of hardwood, and 
the means of separation and purification. It is the first reinstalla- 
tion accomplished in Hall 28, which will be devoted to industrial 
raw materials of vegetable origin and their products. 

The Herbarium has increased rapidly in size and scientific value 
during the past year, and now contains more than 600,000 mounted 
sheets of plants. There are also on hand about 100,000 unmounted 
specimens, chiefly from the Old World, which are awaiting the 
necessary preparation before incorporation into the Herbarium. 

There were prepared for insertion in the Herbarium, by gluing 
and strapping, 17,000 specimens, an increase of approximately 50 
per cent over the preceding year. The employment of an assistant 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 137 

to the regular plant mounter for three and one-half months made 
possible the mounting of an important accumulation of material 
from Mexico and Central and South America. 

The Custodian of the Herbarium was on leave of absence during 
half the year, but during his absence the position was temporarily 
filled. All currently mounted specimens have been distributed 
promptly into the Herbarium. In addition, as a result of space 
made available by the installation of three new steel unit cases, it 
has been possible to distribute and thus make available for study 
and reference purposes the valuable Jeanpert fern herbarium, pur- 
chased a few years ago, and a large accumulation of Old World 
specimens, which, although mounted, had been stored temporarily, 
and were not accessible for consultation. 

The curatorial staff has determined several thousand mounted 
specimens, thus making it possible to distribute them in the Her- 
barium, and adding numerous species not previously represented in 
the collections. The determinations of many sheets already dis- 
tributed have been corrected. All mounted plant specimens in the 
Museum have now been placed in the Herbarium, where they are 
available for consultation, the only exception being the Peruvian 
collections, which are kept apart for study by Assistant Curator 
Macbride until completion of the flora of Peru, upon which he is 
engaged. 

More than 30,000 mounted sheets were added to the Herbarium 
during the year, with a consequent substantial increase in its per- 
manent scientific value. More than 20,000 of these specimens were 
from Mexico and Central and South America, the regions from 
which material is most desired by the larger American herbaria. 
The South American collections of the Herbarium of Field Museum 
have increased with remarkable rapidity during the past few years, 
and are now surpassed by those of few other institutions of the 
United States. 

Geology. — In Stanley Field Hall a case was installed exhibiting 
fifty specimens of the volcanic products collected by the Marshall 
Field Expedition to New Mexico. These specimens illustrate dif- 
ferent varieties of lava surfaces, volcanic bombs, lapilli, cinders, and 
other characteristic products of the region. Colored photographs 
and outline maps included in the exhibit serve to illustrate the sub- 
ject further. This exhibit replaced that of the Baffin Land fossils 
collected by the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition which 



\4 



138 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

had previously occupied the case, and which was moved to be 
installed with the systematic series. 

The large aquamarine and other gems presented by Mr. Richard 
T. Crane, Jr., were installed in Higinbotham Hall. The specimens 
of black opal and synthetic minerals obtained by purchase were also 
installed in this hall. 

In Hall 34 reinstallation and change of backgrounds has been 
carried on as opportunity permitted during the year, and has 
been completed for all but eight cases. The cases reinstalled during 
the year include sixteen slope top cases and two upright cases of 
systematic minerals, two cases of ornamental minerals and four 
cases of meteorites. The contents of all these cases were removed, 
the interiors relined where necessary, all were repainted, and the 
specimens were reinstalled. For the cases containing the Chalmers 
crystal collection, a cloth lining was adopted as comporting better 
with the nature of the contents. A pyramid, similar to those 
used in some of the other upright cases, was made for the case 
of micas, the visibility and attractiveness of the contents being 
much improved thereby. So far as labels printed on buff cards 
were available, these were installed during the reinstallation of 
the specimens. A total of 2,148 specimens was thus relabeled. 
A number of minerals received during the year or earlier were also 
added to the exhibited series during reinstallation. These included 
forty-five specimens added to the Chalmers crystal collection, a 
series of Brenham meteorites, and several meteorite sections. 

In Clarence Buckingham Hall the specimens were removed from 
eight cases not previously reinstalled, and the case interiors relined 
and painted. Of these cases, six were reinstalled, some rearrange- 
ment and change of specimens being carried on at the same time. 
Two of the reinstalled cases are devoted to volcanic products, one 
to dendrites, and three to specimens illustrating physical features 
such as rock jointing, faulting, texture, and markings. Two cases 
were changed in position to allow a better grouping of their con- 
tents to be made. The installation of the two remaining cases will 
complete the case reinstallation of the hall. In the section of the 
hall devoted to relief maps the model of Glacier Park acquired dur- 
ing the year was installed, space for this installation being obtained 
by changing the position of some of the other models. 

In Hall 36 the work of changing backgrounds and reinstallation 
has been completed. Advantage was taken of the opportunity to 
make extensive changes in some of the exhibits, although most of 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 139 

them were reinstalled with only minor alterations. Altogether, 
twenty-four cases were vacated during the year in this hall, the 
interiors of the cases were relined and painted, and the contents 
reinstalled. The reinstalled cases included seven cases of petroleum 
from various oil fields, three cases of petroleum-bearing rocks and 
sands, three cases of manufactured products of petroleum, one case 
illustrating refining of petroleum, two cases of oil shales, one 
case of coal-tar products, five cases of coals and mineral fuels, and 
two cases of clays and fuller's earths. 

The silica collection, which was new last year, has been revised 
and enlarged so that it now occupies three cases. Because silica is 
the most abundant mineral of the earth's crust, occurs in a great 
variety of forms which bear little superficial resemblance to one 
another, and has many and important uses, it deserves more space 
than has hitherto been assigned to it. Accordingly, a collection 
occupying three cases is now shown in the place of the single one 
previously exhibited. One of these cases is devoted to a synoptic 
collection of the numerous varieties. This includes such apparently 
unlike minerals as rock crystal, chalcedony, onyx, opal, tripoli, and 
common sand. This is followed by specimens showing how silica 
occurs in both free and combined states in the rocks. In the same 
case is shown a small collection of gem and ornamental silicas. 
Following this is a collection illustrating recent, curious, and obsolete 
uses, among which are a glass-like flask blown from pure silica, 
smoky quartz partially fabricated by the Chinese into "smoked" 
spectacles, gun flints and aboriginal flint weapons. 

A second case illustrates the commoner uses of moderately pure 
forms of silica. For example, silicate of soda, the silica from which 
it is made, and the board for cartons in the manufacture of which 
so much silica is used, are shown. This is followed by a series show- 
ing the composition of glass. Following this is a collection of glass 
sands from many parts of the world. This is followed by a group 
of varieties of ground silica, with some indications of its extensive 
uses as filler, in paint and in other ways. After this is a collection 
of abrasive silicas, including sandpaper, silica for scouring soaps 
and polishing powders. 

The third case includes collections of the more impure silicas, 
principally in the form of sands which are used for common pur- 
poses. The largest group shown is that of molding sands. This group 
is accompanied by a miniature mold for cast iron. Core sands are 
accompanied likewise by a specimen of a core as used in foundries. 



140 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

Fire sands, sands for sand-lime brick, building sands and others 
complete the collection. It is realized that anything like a complete 
collection along these lines would occupy far more space than could 
possibly be provided, but the collection in its present form should 
give a good general idea of the usefulness of this commonest of all 
materials. 

The exhibit of clays and clay-like minerals has also been reorgan- 
ized. Since it was thought that the former synoptic clay collection 
presented too technical an aspect, it has been simplified and con- 
densed to occupy one case instead of the four it formerly filled. 

The cement collection has also been completely reorganized on 
new lines. It now presents in one case in a synoptic way examples 
of each class of structural mineral cementing material which is now 
or has been in the past used in an important way. These substances 
range all the way from the clay mortars of primitive peoples to the 
recently devised alumina cements. Another case presents in more 
detail a collection of natural cement rock and the materials of which 
Portland cement is made. The stages of manufacture and the com- 
position of concrete made from portland cement are also shown. 
In this case the series begins with specimens of clay suitable for 
making mud plasters, cements and bricks as used by primitive peoples. 
This is accompanied by photographs illustrating the manufacture 
of sun-dried brick or adobe and of a house with mud walls. This 
is followed by an example of fire clay of a grade suitable for mortar 
to bind fire brick in furnaces where ordinary cements fail. Then 
comes an example of the asphalt extensively used in ancient times 
and still employed in large quantities as the cementing material for 
road and roof construction. This is followed by limestone and 
lime made from it. A specimen of hydraulic limestone illustrates 
the source of hydraulic lime, a material intermediate in properties 
between lime and cement. A specimen of gypsum calls attention 
to the large class of gypsum cements, including plaster of Paris and 
wall plasters. These are illustrated in more detail elsewhere. 

The class of puzzolan or Roman cements, formerly of great 
importance, is represented by specimens of two kinds of volcanic 
ash from which such cements are made. This is followed by a single 
specimen of natural cement rock representing the formerly important 
class of natural cements. This is more adequately illustrated in the 
following case. Also the portland cements, treated in greater detail 
elsewhere, are represented in this synopsis by single specimens of 
limestone and clay. The magnesia cements, which are now becom- 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 141 

ing more important than formerly, are represented by a specimen 
of calcined magnesite, their principal component. A specimen of 
bauxite calls attention to the new class of alumina cements, in which 
alumina, usually in the form of bauxite, replaces the clay of port- 
land cement. 

Additions have been made to the bentonite collections and the 
two cases containing bentonite, fuller's earth, and talc have been 
completely revised. 

Two cases containing a model of a peat bog and the sulphur and 
magnesia collections were moved from the bridge connecting Halls 
36 and 37 to Hall 36. Three other cases, temporarily empty, which 
were on the bridges connecting these halls, were also moved to 
Hall 36. In several of the cases containing coals and petroleums, 
maps showing the location of the deposits represented have been 
prepared and installed. 

The mineral fuel exhibits are so extensive that the general 
relations of these fuels are obscured by the mass of detail. Con- 
sequently, a small synoptic exhibit showing the origins and rela- 
tions of the mineral fuels has been prepared and placed adjacent to 
these collections. This synoptic collection consists of single speci- 
mens each of peat, lignite, coal, petroleum, natural gas, asphalt, 
oil shale, and shale oil. The labels explain the origin of each fuel 
and its relation to the others. 

Seventy additional specimens not hitherto exhibited on account 
of space limitations have been added to the petroleum collections. 
Room for these was secured by the removal of an obsolete collection 
of lubricating oils. An interesting addition to these collections is a 
specimen of petroleum from the deepest producing well in the world. 
This specimen is also of interest on account of its composition, 
which is nearly three-quarters gasoline and almost one-quarter 
kerosene. 

The large central case of refined oils has been reinstalled with 
new material replacing the older specimens as the latter were show- 
ing deterioration from age. The large specimens illustrating the 
refining of petroleum have also been renewed. 

The oil-well model (Plate XII), partially completed last year, has 
been finished and is now installed as a part of the petroleum collec- 
tion in Hall 36. It occupies about one-third of the length of a 
standard twelve-foot case, the rest of which contains specimens of 
petroleum. It extends vertically the whole height of the case. The 



142 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

lower part of the model, resting on the floor of the case, shows an 
oil-bearing sand with its layers of salt water, petroleum and natural 
gas. This is shown resting on a bed of limestone below and with an 
impervious cover of shale above. Above the shale, a sufficient 
number of layers of rock are shown to illustrate the relation of the 
oil sands to the general geology of the region. The oil sand and the 
other rock beds are shown compressed into the fold which provides 
the inverted trough structure necessary for the accumulation of 
petroleum in commercial quantities. These rock beds are modeled 
accurately to scale according to data provided from a study by the 
Illinois State Geological Survey of the chips of rock obtained during 
the drilling of a well in the region represented, which is Lawrence- 
ville, Illinois. The fold of the rock is modeled so as to be consistent 
with studies of the same fold at another locality where it is better 
exposed for study. The face of the model represents a face of rock 
as it would appear in section at the plane of the well. The texture, 
structure, and color have been reproduced in miniature in portland 
cement in as truthful a manner as possible. The scale of the model 
is five feet to the inch. 

Above the model of the bottom of the well, a space of four 
inches is left vacant. This serves to indicate an amount of rock 
passed through by the well on its way to the oil which would require 
an additional thirty feet in the height of the model if it were repre- 
sented. As this rock is not related to the oil sands in any way it 
has been omitted in order to reduce the model to practical dimen- 
sions. Above this four-inch gap the model represents about fifty 
feet of soil and gravel passed through in drilling from the surface 
downward. The surface is represented as being of a grassy, some- 
what rolling topography. It blends into a painted background. On 
the surface are shown models of a derrick, tank, pumps, and other 
machinery. These include a representation of a well being drilled, 
with its derrick, drills, boiler, and engine. The well is shown as 
having reached about three-quarters of the way to the oil. 

The model is fully explained by two framed labels extending down 
one side of it. The upper label describes the surface features and 
contains a photograph on which the details are numbered to corre- 
spond with the description in the accompanying text. On the label of 
the lower portion of the model, numbers are given corresponding to 
numbers on the frame of the model. The model has been carefully 
designed to illustrate simply and graphically the geological features 
upon which the underground accumulation of petroleum depends, 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 143 

as well as the machinery used in Illinois for exploiting it. The 
success of the model in these respects may be inferred from the fact 
that photographs illustrating it have already been incorporated in 
a chemistry textbook and in an encyclopedia. 

In Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall all the specimens were removed 
from four wall cases and the cases were newly lined and painted. 
Three of these cases are devoted respectively to synoptic gold, silver 
and lead ores, gold, silver and lead ores of the northwestern United 
States and the Appalachian region, and salts of potash. The con- 
tents of these cases were reinstalled with only minor changes. In 
the remaining case, which is devoted to gypsum, the exhibit was 
revised in order to permit introduction of a collection of large, well- 
formed, selenite crystals collected by the Marshall Field Brazilian 
Expedition. These were mounted on individual stands. These 
crystals range from two to three feet in length and are beautifully 
transparent. A few additions were made to other cases in this hall, 
the more important of which resulted in enlargement of the nitrate 
and salt collections, and introduction into the mica collection of a 
vermiculite and its roasted product, zonite. This latter is an elastic, 
porous material recently devised for insulating purposes. Most of 
the cases in this hall are of a different type from those in the other 
halls of the Department, so that the work of changing backgrounds 
in them must proceed along somewhat different lines. Partly for 
this reason, work on the cases of this hall, except for the four men- 
tioned, has been deferred until reinstallation of cases of the other 
type has been completed. 

The extensive changes and rearrangements which were inaugu- 
rated last year in Ernest R. Graham Hall have been continued, and 
realization of the plans for the general arrangement of the hall is 
rapidly being approached. Early in the year the construction of six 
built-in cases, three of which are placed at each end of the hall, 
was completed. These cases are designed for groups now in process 
of preparation. The cases comprise two large ones, twenty-five by 
fifteen feet in area, and four smaller ones, approximately sixteen by 
ten feet in area. The large cases have a vertical clearance of eighteen 
feet, the smaller, of ten feet. 

In one of the smaller cases at the end of the series the group of 
Neanderthal Man, which had been in preparation by Mr. Frederick 
Blaschke for more than a year past, was installed (Plate III). 
Mr. Ernest R. Graham furnished the funds for its construction. 
This group contains five human figures representing a family of 



144 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

this race of early man. The individuals included are a man about 
fifty-five years of age, a young woman holding a child, an older 
woman, and a boy of about ten years of age. The interior of the 
case is carefully modeled after a shelter once occupied by people of 
this race at Le Moustier, France. The scenery about the cave is 
represented by a painted background showing the valley of the 
Vezere River as seen from the vicinity. The scene is based on 
sketches made at the locality, with such modifications as the climate 
of the glacial period during which this race existed might have 
produced. The flow of water from melting glaciers is represented as 
having raised the river above its present-day height. Beyond the 
river patches of snow on the hills and scrubby vegetation indicate 
a subarctic climate. The surface of the hills is broken by escarp- 
ments which are changed little in outline from those of the present 
day. A small herd of reindeer is represented as feeding in the 
vicinity. 

The man of the family is shown just returned from a successful 
hunt. A reindeer which he has slain with a stone ax is lying at his 
feet. Emerging from an inner portion of the cave is seen the woman 
with the baby in her arms. A small fire of sticks occupies a central 
place in the shelter. Beside it the older woman is cleaning meat 
and fat from a reindeer skin with a stone scraper, and near her the 
boy is gnawing on a bone. Flint chips from the Le Moustier locality, 
which were undoubtedly made by the occupants of the actual cave 
thousands of years ago, are strewn about on the floor. 

Both the figures and the shelter or cave were carefully modeled 
in Europe by Mr. Blaschke, who accompanied the Marshall Field 
Archaeological Expedition to Western Europe in 1927 for this pur- 
pose. The cooperation of several of the ablest students of early 
man was enlisted in carrying on the work of modeling. These 
included Professor Sir Arthur Keith, President of the Royal College 
of Surgeons, London, Professor G. Elliot Smith of University 
College, London, and Abbe" Henri Breuil, of Paris. The modeling 
was carried on, as far as possible, over original skulls and skeletons 
of individuals of the Neanderthal race which are preserved in Euro- 
pean museums, or over casts of these remains. The head of the 
male figure was modeled over a cast of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints 
skull, and that of the child from the calvarium of the Neanderthal 
(Mousterian) child from Devil's Tower, Gibraltar. 

The fidelity to nature, both of the human figures and their 
surroundings, has been generally recognized as of the highest order. 




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The group from the first has attracted wide attention and proved 
of great public interest. It is the first restoration of human figures 
of this race ever attempted, and its execution has won high praise. 
Photographs and descriptions of the group have appeared in news- 
papers and periodicals in nearly every country in the world, and 
its popularity and interest have been widespread. 

Work on the Carboniferous forest group which is to occupy the 
large case at the south end of Graham Hall was carried forward 
during the year in the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Labora- 
tories of the Department of Botany. As expected, it has proved a large 
undertaking, but a gratifying amount of progress has been made. 
All the trunks of Sigillaria, seven in number, required for the group 
have been completed. Notable among them are two handsome 
restorations and a simpler stem, five feet or more in diameter at 
the base, which serve to give an idea of the great size attained by 
the dominant vegetation of the period. These Sigillaria trunks, 
together with the Lepidodendron stems completed last year, have 
been placed in the case provided for the group. Seven of the Cata- 
mite stems have also been placed in position in the group. Because 
of peculiarities of their construction, the latter had to be assembled 
in the places they are to occupy, being built up in situ from sections 
previously prepared. 

One especially interesting feature recently completed for the 
group is an overturned stump of Sigillaria showing the dichotomous 
branching of the underground stems or Stigmaria with their proc- 
esses. In point of volume and amount of labor expended on material 
for the group the foliage for the large fossil "horsetails" (Calamites) 
takes first place. This foliage was cut and pressed from sheet 
celluloid by means of steel dies made during the previous year. 
These leaves were then assembled on branches. A fragment of a 
branch of Annularia so prepared is probably the first attempt ever 
made at a three-dimensional restoration of this common fossil plant 
of the Carboniferous Period. Work on foliage for the Lepidoden- 
dron restorations is under way, as is also preparation of the fruiting 
cones, which in some species were borne at the tips of the branches, 
similarly to the small present-day representatives of this group, but 
in other species in clusters on the stem, as in some of the modern 
cauliflorous trees. 

Of the series of mural paintings, presented by Mr. Graham, and 
designed and executed by Charles R. Knight for Graham Hall, six 
more were received and placed in position on the walls during the 



146 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

year. The subjects of these paintings are: The Great Irish Deer, The 
Mammoth and the Woolly Rhinoceros, The Great Ground Sloth and, 
the Giant Armadillo (Plate VIII), The Great Dinosaur, The Primitive 
Whale, Zeuglodon and Marine and Flying Reptiles. Four of these 
are twenty-five by nine feet in size; two are eleven by nine feet. 

The construction of the large cases at the north end of Graham 
Hall required some readjustment of the cases and floor mounts 
previously occupying this space. For this purpose six cases and 
eight floor mounts at the north end of the hall were moved and 
rearranged. Three of the large floor mounts were transferred to 
the center of the hall, and iron railings were erected about them 
to prevent their being injured or handled by visitors. In two of the 
cases specimens, prepared during the year, of the South American 
fossil mammals collected by the Marshall Field Paleontological 
Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia were installed. Important 
among these are skulls of the great ground sloths from the Pliocene 
and the Pleistocene formations of Argentina and Bolivia. These 
skulls range from ten to thirty-five inches in length. Those now on 
exhibition are members of the genera Mylodon, Scelidotherium, 
Glossotherium, Pronothrotherium, Megatherium, and Scelidodon. A 
number of these skulls belong to individuals of which entire skele- 
tons, or the greater parts of them, will later be assembled and 
exhibited. Additional notable specimens placed on exhibition in this 
series are skulls of other large South American mammals, including 
the Toxodon and Astrapotherium of lowland habits, the lesser Adino- 
therium and Proadinotherium, and the slender and agile Theosodon, 
progenitor of a strange, camel-like race which inhabited the more 
arid regions of South America. 

Transfer of the invertebrate fossils from black to buff tablets 
has been carried on almost continuously through the year, a total 
of 7,956 specimens having been so transferred. This transfer in- 
volves careful removal of the specimens from the old tablets, cement- 
ing of the printed buff covers to the tablets, and refastening of the 
specimens upon them. As fast as the tablets were prepared they 
have been reinstalled in the cases, redecorating of the case interiors 
having meanwhile been carried on. From eleven cases of these fossils 
specimens were removed, the cases were painted, and eight cases 
have been reinstalled. These completed cases include one of Penn- 
sylvanian plant fossils, three of Silurian, two of Ordovician, and two 
of Devonian age. In addition, about 800 Cretaceous and 2,500 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 147 

Tertiary invertebrate fossils were remounted and installed in the 
cases devoted to those periods. 

In connection with the remounting of the invertebrate fossils, 
careful identification of all specimens was carried on by Mr. Roy in 
order to provide the latest nomenclature. He revised the labeling 
of 8,000 specimens in this manner during the year. 

A stump, eighteen inches in diameter, of the large Devonian 
seed-fern, Eospermatopteris, was installed on a base adjacent to 
one of the Devonian cases. Installation of labels has been carried 
on in the hall as fast as they were received from the printer, with 
the result that the relabeling of this hall is now nearly complete. 
The total number of labels installed in the hall during the year 
is 3,659. 

A new form of labeling has been introduced which is of 
much service in indicating the geological period and stratigraphic 
position of the contents of each case. These labels show the life 
eras or geological periods in order, with estimates of their age and 
duration in years according to the eminent authority, the late Pro- 
fessor Joseph Barrell, of Yale University, and the characteristic 
forms of life which existed during each period. One such label is 
placed in each large case next the aisle, with the position in the 
geological series of the contents of the case indicated by a red star 
on the label. Another label, within the case, carries out the classi- 
fication in further detail, giving the several subdivisions of the 
geological period, and the better known occurrences of the forma- 
tions. The fossils recorded are designated first by the family name 
in common or descriptive terms, with the scientific name following 
in parenthesis. Under the family name are given names of the 
genera characteristic of the formation under which they are listed. 
The genera of fossils represented by specimens in the Museum 
collections are further designated by asterisks before the generic 
names. 

In Room 107, adjacent to the paleontological laboratory, a 
series of twenty-four steel storage cabinets, designed in part to 
receive specimens of large size and great weight, was installed. 

In order to complete the work of segregating and arranging the 
unprepared specimens or those reserved for study, the paleon- 
tological collections stored in Room 101 in some 600 trays were 
rearranged and condensed. The entire series was then relabeled 
according to number of specimen, year collected, geological age, 
and locality from which collected. 



148 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

In the paleontological laboratory the work of preparing the col- 
lections of South American fossil mammals has gone forward as 
rapidly as possible. During the year four candidates were given 
trial as preparators, and two of them continued in service at the 
end of the year. Sixty-five specimens have been prepared, of which 
number twenty-one have been mounted and placed on exhibition. 

Associate Curator of Paleontology Elmer S. Riggs has given 
much time and attention to a thorough revision of the field bundles 
and other specimens in storage in order to insure their preservation 
and make them readily accessible. The collection of fossil mammals 
from northern Argentina, amounting to more than 500 parcels, was 
removed from the storeroom on the ground floor, poisoned by the 
use of carbon tetrachloride, rewrapped in burlap applied with plaster 
of Paris, and rearranged in the storeroom. 

The increase in the force of preparators necessitated devoting 
two additional rooms to their work. For this purpose Rooms 100 
and 105 were diverted from previous uses, and some needed equip- 
ment was provided, including storage racks, a gas stove, a portable 
electric drill, tables and various hand tools. Room 105 was divided 
by a partition so as to provide an emergency exit from the Roent- 
genological Laboratory, and at the same time retain space for pre- 
paratory work and study of specimens of vertebrate fossils. The 
office of the Associate Curator of Paleontology and all of the work- 
rooms were cleaned and painted. 

In the laboratory of invertebrate paleontology, Room 110, a 
motor-driven, combined rock-cutting and grinding machine was in- 
stalled. This equipment enables the internal structures of fossils, 
upon which their classification is now so largely based, to be 
brought to view and Assistant Curator Sharat K. Roy has already 
obtained valuable results through its use. Preparation of the 
Frobisher Bay fossils collected by the Rawson-MacMillan Sub- 
arctic Expedition has been nearly completed, 290 specimens having 
been worked out. These are now being studied. 

The chemical laboratory has been in use most of the year except 
for times when it was necessary to suspend operations pending 
necessary renovations of the walls, ceilings and ventilating systems. 
The ventilation of the hood and the removal of the fumes generated 
there have been improved by replacing corroded iron conduits and 
improving their design. A fan has been added to provide a mechani- 
cal exhaust, and additional equipment is being prepared which it 
is hoped will furnish further needed ventilation by means of the 



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same exhaust fan. Falling of rust from the iron roof of the hood, 
which had become so serious as to put the hood out of commission, 
has been temporarily remedied by a coat of tar. The walls and 
ceilings of the laboratory, which, owing to incomplete finishing, 
produced dust which interfered with accurate work of a delicate 
nature, have now been painted. Obsolete types of heating apparatus 
have been replaced by the addition of three electrical hot plates 
and an electric flask heater. These have much expedited the work 
of the laboratory. The instrument and control panel for the motor 
generator set used for the Fink treatment of bronzes have been 
remodeled so as to use the heavier currents required by the larger 
specimens that are now being treated. 

Complete analyses have been made of three meteorites, two of 
which, the Lafayette and Tilden, were stone, and one, the Houck, 
was iron. Many partial qualitative determinations needed for 
identification of specimens have been made as occasion arose. 
Revision of the petroleum collections has necessitated much work 
in cleaning and refilling the bottles in which the oils are exhibited. 
This work has been done in the laboratory. Some experimental 
work also is being carried on in this laboratory to determine the 
best type of equipment for a proposed fluorescent mineral exhibit. 
This is being done by means of an iron spark-gap apparatus which 
has been assembled there. 

One determination of the heat value of coal for the Museum 
boilers has been made. The value of ethylene dichloride-carbon 
tetrachloride as a disinfectant for Museum cases was also investi- 
gated. This work centered upon tests of inflammability and deter- 
mination of such features as weight of vapor, speed of evaporation 
and similar properties as compared with those of the carbon disul- 
phide formerly used. This investigation was necessary to prevent 
mistakes when its use was substituted for that of the insecticide 
earlier employed. Minor investigations, such as determining the 
strength of glycerine and alcohol solutions, have been made as 
occasion arose. An investigation was made into the probable 
durability of a new wall covering for use in the lavatories and in the 
boiler room. 

Analyses were made of an ancient Egyptian medicine and of five 
Peruvian bronzes for the Department of Anthropology ; also sixty-one 
ancient Egyptian weights were determined in terms of metric units. 
The treatment of ancient bronzes by the Fink process has been 
continued through the year and hundreds of bronzes have been 



150 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

thus restored. This work has taken much of the time of Associate 
Curator Henry W. Nichols, but the situation seemed to require that 
it should be done at once since these bronzes are very valuable and 
many would be irreplaceable. The coating on many of them was 
of a corrosive character and was, slowly in some cases, and rapidly 
in others, destroying the bronze. Consequently, immediate treat- 
ment was called for. The Associate Curator was assisted in this 
work by Mr. John G. Prasuhn of the Department of Anthropology, 
upon whom also the preparation of the treated specimens for exhibi- 
tion has devolved. The treatments have been uniformly successful. 
There are, however, a number of specimens in the last consignment 
from Kish which are in such condition that they will require the 
most careful attention. Before the Fink treatment was adopted 
no way was known to save such material. 

In the employment of this process in the laboratory no important 
modifications have been made. Some additions to the equipment, 
however, have made the handling of the process more convenient. 
It has also been possible to speed up the treatment for certain classes 
of material which are not in too bad condition. On some classes of 
material it has been possible to preserve much of the original 
patina while destroying all malignant matter and removing the 
thicker incrustations. There has also been developed an after- 
treatment which provides the specimen with a thin, natural patina 
without the use of chemicals or electricity. This patina is sufficient 
to take away the new look of the treated bronze, and provides a 
base upon which a thicker patina may form in time. 

Besides the use of the Fink process, a new, strictly chemical 
method of rendering malignant patina inert has been devised in 
this laboratory. It has been applied to a number of bronzes with 
apparently successful results, although five or ten years must 
elapse before it is positively known that the cure is permanent. 
This treatment is intended for those cases, which are frequent, in 
which the malignant patina is confined to the surface. The process 
is based upon reactions that, so far as is known, have never been 
employed for the purpose before. Since nearly, if not quite all, 
the corrosive patinas encountered owe their injurious action to 
some simple chloride compound which has the property of continu- 
ously renewing itself, the new process consists of fixing the chloride 
in inert form by treatment with a silver salt and then fixing and 
rendering inert any corrosive by-product of the first treatment. 
For this purpose a weak solution of sulphate of silver in distilled 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 151 

water is prepared. The most suitable strength for this has not yet 
been determined, but the exact strength is not important. The 
solution is applied to corroded spots or spread over the affected 
area with a small camel's-hair brush. After about thirty seconds 
the surplus liquid is removed with blotting paper and a second 
solution is applied. This second solution consists of barium hydrox- 
ide dissolved in distilled water. It does not keep well and must 
be prepared freshly each time it is used. The barium hydroxide 
powder must also be kept at all times hermetically sealed. A 
thorough washing completes the treatment. It should be noted 
that where, as is the case with many of the bronzes, the malignant 
matter penetrates throughout the specimen, the above-described 
treatment will not suffice. 

Zoology. — Further marked advance was made during the year 
in the preparation and installation of habitat groups of mammals. 
Five large groups with painted backgrounds were completed, and 
one of smaller size, open on four sides. Of the large groups, one 
was added to William V. Kelley Hall and four to the Hall of American 
Mammal Habitat Groups. The animals represented are the Indian 
rhinoceros, polar bear, Alaska Peninsula brown bear, American bison, 
and musk-ox. In addition, a small group of Abyssinian dassies or 
coneys was finished and placed in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall. 

The Indian rhinoceros group (Plate XIX) is a large and striking 
group prepared from material obtained by the James Simpson- 
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition of 1925-26. It includes two specimens, 
male and female, reproduced from animals shot in Nepal by Mr. 
and Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt after the main part of the expedition's 
work in Turkestan and the Himalayas had been concluded. They 
were prepared by Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, by means of the 
process originated by him of reproduction in cellulose-acetate. 
They furnish a further demonstration of the superiority of this 
process for the exhibition of large, practically hairless mammals. 
One animal is shown standing on the reedy bank of a river, while 
the other is wallowing in shallow water near-by. The painted 
background, executed by Staff Artist Charles A. Corwin, represents 
a sluggish river meandering through grassy swamps with low hills 
lightly clad with small trees and bushes in the distance. 

Of the four large mammal groups added to the Hall of American 
Mammal Habitat Groups, two are wholly new and two are based 
on reinstallation of animals formerly exhibited in floor cases without 



152 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

backgrounds. Their completion makes possible the opening of a 
part of the west half of the hall for which other groups are now in 
preparation. The brown bear of the Alaska Peninsula, giant among 
extant bears, is shown in a group representing a scene in Pavlof 
Bay, Alaska Peninsula. The specimens were obtained by the John 
Borden-Field Museum Alaska- Arctic Expedition and the Alexander 
H. Revell-Field Museum Alaska Expedition of 1927. A large male 
bear stands at one side, while his mate, with her back turned to 
him, is busily engaged in fishing for salmon in a small stream. Two 
partly grown cubs are playing with the fish which their mother 
has scooped out of the water. The background shows the sym- 
metrical volcanic cone and snowy slopes of Mount Pavlof. The 
group was prepared by Taxidermists Julius Friesser and Arthur G. 
Rueckert, with painting by Staff Artist Corwin. 

The polar bear group, presented by Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, 
stands opposite the group of brown bear, and completes a quad- 
rangle with the earlier groups of glacier bear and grizzly bear, so 
that from the center of the hall four groups of American bear are 
seen at once. A magnificent male polar bear of exceptional size 
and quality, descending the inclined surface of a block of ice, forms 
the outstanding feature of the group. Below him a female is crouch- 
ing on the ice and two small cubs are playing about her. An Arctic 
scene of snow and ice, painted by Mr. Corwin, rises behind. This 
group also was prepared by Messrs. Friesser and Rueckert. 

The groups of bison and musk-ox (Plates V and X) stand opposite 
each other, occupying the largest spaces in the hall. Both were 
produced by using animals formerly in open four-sided floor 
cases. The group of musk-ox includes seven animals originally 
mounted by Carl E. Akeley. They stand variously disposed on 
moss-carpeted tundra. A bleak, treeless plain lies behind them, 
and low hills with light patches of snow rise in the distance. A 
large bull occupies a prominent position on a slight elevation, and 
females with younger animals are gathered near-by, among them 
two small calves idly nuzzling each other. 

The bison group contains seven animals ranging from large 
bulls to partly-grown calves, all in the full, heavy coat of late fall 
or early winter. They are represented as coming down a clay 
embankment over well-trod trails to the bed of a prairie stream 
beside which a few small cottonwood trees stand. The effect of a 
large herd in the vicinity is given by numerous animals painted on 
the background by Mr. Corwin, some slowly filing over the prairie 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 153 

as if leaving the watering place, and others crowding over the edge 
of the embankment on their way to it. The specimens were mounted 
and the reinstallation effected by Mr. Friesser. The group was 
presented by the late Arthur B. Jones, a former Trustee of the 
Museum. 

In addition to the completion of these mammal groups, much 
progress was made with others which are under way. A group of the 
South American marsh deer is in the final stages of preparation at 
this writing. All the animals are mounted and only details of the 
accessories remain to be done. A group of the great anteater of 
tropical America also is well advanced, and preliminary sketches 
and models have been made for groups of tapir and guanacos. 
Progress on the sea lion group for the Marine Hall was interrupted 
by the absence of Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht in Africa, but several 
of the smaller animals have been completed, and the others are in 
such stages that the completion of the group in the coming year 
may be expected. 

Taxidermist Walters has devoted himself during a large part of 
the year to a reproduction of a white rhinoceros from a specimen 
collected by the Conover-Everard African Expedition of 1926-27. 
This work is nearing completion and the finished product, which 
promises to be a magnificent piece, will doubtless be placed on 
exhibition early in 1930. 

In the systematic exhibit of North American birds, one case 
with two screens was installed early in the year, showing marsh 
birds and shore birds, with seventy-six specimens of sixty-six species 
of cranes, rails, plovers, sandpipers, and their allies. These were 
the work of Taxidermist Ashley Hine, who has now finished many 
of the larger American birds and is beginning work with some of the 
numerous smaller forms. A few foreign birds from recent expedi- 
tions were mounted also, and are awaiting installation. 

After the return of the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition, a 
temporary exhibit of some of the material obtained by it was installed 
in four cases and placed in Stanley Field Hall. This included speci- 
mens of mammals, birds, and reptiles, together with a series of 
water-color paintings by Mr. Walter A. Weber, artist of the expedi- 
tion. The paintings have since been removed. 

The west half of Albert W. Harris Hall, in which reptiles and 
amphibians have been exhibited, was completely reorganized during 
the year, mainly by Associate Curator William J. Gerhard with 



154 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

the assistance of Mr. Walters and Mr. Emil Liljeblad. Material 
in old cases was reinstalled in six rectangular cases of medium 
height, two being devoted to crocodilians, two to turtles, and two 
to lizards and snakes. Great improvement was brought about by 
remounting specimens on suitable natural bases, corresponding to 
the practice in the halls of systematic mammals and birds. 

One "A-case" was reinstalled, and a second, containing new 
models prepared in cellulose-acetate and cellulose-nitrate by the 
Walters process was put in place beside it. The new material 
represents twenty-seven forms, among which may be mentioned 
local salamanders, North American rattlesnakes, and an interest- 
ing demonstration of the poison mechanism of rattlesnakes shown 
by combining models and actual skeletal parts. 

The work of reinstalling fish exhibits in the east half of Albert 
W. Harris Hall, begun in 1928, was completed, all backgrounds 
now being light green in color and the arrangement much improved. 
Nine cases were thus reinstalled. 

Incoming material from the numerous expeditions occupied the 
Staff much of the time during the year. Although permanent 
arrangements were still impossible for some classes of specimens, 
the storage of new accessions was greatly facilitated by recent 
additions to equipment. 

Sixteen new steel cabinets and fittings for mammals, and sixteen 
for birds, were received and immediately put into use. In the divi- 
sion of birds a very extensive rearrangement was made. All trays 
were labeled as to contents, and, so far as facilities would permit, 
related groups of birds were brought into proper sequence and 
juxtaposition. The same was done with mammals and, although 
it is still necessary to use many of the small cans, a general system 
is sufficiently established to make possible the addition of new steel 
cabinets in small numbers from year to year without serious dis- 
turbance of order. 

Ninety-six steel cabinets fitted with shelves and, to some extent, 
with drawers on roller bearings, were placed in the west corridor of 
the fourth floor of the Museum for the storage of large skulls and 
other osteological material. These provide space for the systematic 
arrangement of this material which has been relatively inaccessible 
for some time. Much osteological material remains in rough, 
unprepared condition as received from the collectors. To care for 
this and to bring all collections of this kind into usable condition in 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 155 

the new cases, a modern cleaning and degreasing plant was installed 
on the ground floor of the building. This is furnished with three 
seventy-gallon tanks of galvanized iron, having three large outlets, 
hot and cold water, thermometer, and electric lighting and ven- 
tilating equipment. A degreasing tank is being added, and it is 
hoped that in the near future a large accumulation of uncleaned 
skulls and skeletons may be prepared and made available for use. 

The osteologist has cleaned skeletons of hippopotamus, elephant, 
seal, walrus, bison, and lion, and skulls of crocodiles, African ante- 
lopes, rhinoceros, brown and polar bear, and seals. In addition he 
has cleaned 578 skulls of small mammals, mainly those of very small 
size, such as bats and shrews, requiring especial care and skill. 
Six hundred and ninety-eight skulls of small mammals were cleaned 
by an outside concern. 

Improvements involving extensive construction in the north end 
of the fourth floor of the building were completed, which greatly 
increased efficiency in the taxidermists' shop. A gallery was car- 
ried across the entire north gable and three spacious rooms con- 
structed on it for the storage of the entire collection of skins of large 
mammals, previously stored in a special room on the ground floor. 
Below this, in the northwest corner, a room was built for the recep- 
tion of heavy machines used in skin dressing, and east of this steel 
shelving was provided for taxidermists' supplies, tools, and mis- 
cellaneous storage. On the east wall a special fireproof room was 
built for chemicals and other materials requiring special protection. 
With these changes, the Museum's main taxidermists' studio 
becomes a model of comfort, convenience, and efficiency. 

THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 

The Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension 
completed its seventeenth year of operation in 1929, continuing 
its work of extending the influence of the Museum into the schools 
of Chicago by furnishing them with cases containing economic and 
natural history exhibits. Since the establishment of the Department 
in 1912, there have been prepared 1,123 traveling exhibition cases. 
Fifty-three were completed in 1929 (examples — Plates VII, XVI). 

In the preparation of these cases high standards have been 
maintained. They are made sturdy enough to stand frequent 
transportation and constant handling by children, and yet they are 
light enough for a child to carry. The cases must not only be true 
to nature but they must be attractive. 



156 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

The collecting of the specimens used and the making of photo- 
graphs for backgrounds, as well as the actual preparation of the 
cases, is done by the Staff of the Department. During the past 
year some particularly fine material has been collected for habitat 
groups of local birds. The type of case used is considered ideal for 
extension purposes and is widely copied by other museums. Some 
slight improvements in the structure of the case were made in 1929. 

The regular service of two cases to each school, changed every 
two weeks, has been maintained for 408 institutions. The two 
motor trucks of this Department during 1929 traveled more than 
12,000 miles in this service. As the drivers deliver the cases to the 
desired location within each building, a complete service is main- 
tained entirely free of expense to the recipient institutions. 

The Chicago public schools alone have more than 470,000 
pupils and 13,000 teachers, and as thirty-three other institutions 
are on the regular routes of this Department, the daily attendance 
served by these cases is more than a half million people. Each 
case remains in each school two weeks and every student has the 
opportunity of seeing it. Forty different cases reach each school 
during the year. 

In addition to this regular service, two cases were sent to the 
Ohio State Fair, and special displays of from ten to forty-three 
cases each were made in Marshall Field and Company's retail 
store, in the Outing and Recreation Bureau's Adams Street display 
windows, at the Boy Scout Exposition, the Flower Show at the 
Hotel Sherman, Camp Algonquin, the Navy Pier, the Illinois State 
Fair, and the International Live Stock Exposition. Each of these 
displays reached thousands of people. 

During the period under review the Acting Curator, Mr. Cleve- 
land P. Grant, visited 126 schools to obtain a better knowledge of 
the needs and desires of the schools for visual education in natural 
history, and to give instruction as to the better use of the cases. 

ART RESEARCH CLASSES 

The year 1929 was marked by further advance in the work of 
the art classes conducted in Field Museum in cooperation with the 
Art Institute of Chicago. A new classroom better suited to the 
work carried on was provided by the Museum. This room has all 
north light, which is the best light for an art studio. The instructor, 
Mr. John Gilbert Wilkins, now has a private office where materials 



Field Museum of Natural History 



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XX 




CASSAVA, A COMMON FOOD PLANT OF SOUTH AMERICA 
Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) 
Reproduced in Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories 
One- twelfth natural size 



THE UBUnt 
OF TO 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 157 

and data may be kept, and adjacent to it is a large cloakroom for 
the students. 

The Art Institute has given the class a complete motion picture 
outfit, making possible study of animals and birds in normal and 
slow motion pictures. This is a valuable supplement to the study 
of mounted specimens, giving opportunity to observe the action of 
body, limb, and muscle. 

The Institute has also furnished modeling stands, where students 
may experiment with the animal in the round as well as in illustra- 
tion and design. Students have already produced sculpture of high 
professional standards, and reproductions of some of their work 
are being sold by Marshall Field and Company Wholesale. 

DIVISION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS 

The publicity obtained through various media for the activities 
of Field Museum has in 1929 again exceeded that of all previous 
years, continuing the increase which has been noted annually ever 
since the institution adopted a definite program for strengthening 
its relationships with the public. 

The principal phase of the Museum's publicity efforts, that of 
distribution of information through the daily press, was developed 
in 1929 to the point where the number of articles prepared at the 
Museum and published in the newspapers averaged more than one 
for every day of the year, exclusive of articles coming from the pens 
of outside writers or prepared by members of newspaper staffs. 
As in the past, while concentrating chiefly on publicity in the 
papers of Chicago and vicinity, the Museum has obtained nation- 
wide attention for its activities through the cooperation of news 
agencies, and the more important news of the institution has been 
internationally circulated. Clippings from all over the world, in 
many languages, have been received, testifying to the fact that 
Field Museum's accomplishments are known wherever people read. 

In addition to newspaper publicity, many important magazines 
and other periodicals have devoted much space to the Museum. 
Still further publicity has been received through advertising space 
generously placed at the Museum's disposal by various organiza- 
tions; through radio broadcasting; through motion picture news- 
reels; and through direct advertising efforts conducted by the 
Museum in distributing direction folders and other printed matter 
designed to attract visitors. 



158 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

Newspaper Publicity. — The Division of Public Relations 
released a total of 375 news stories during 1929, or an average of 
more than seven each week. Also, by the inauguration of a new 
system of circulating very brief notes calling attention to older 
exhibits and other Museum matters, used in the newspapers as 
"fillers," an additional 209 items were released and published. Thus 
the total of notices, including regular articles and short items 
obtained for the Museum by its own direct efforts, was 584. 

Copies of this publicity matter were furnished to the seven 
principal daily newspapers of Chicago; to some sixty community 
and neighborhood papers published in the city; to more than fifty 
Chicago foreign language newspapers; to about sixty suburban 
newspapers covering the principal suburbs, cities and towns within 
a 100-mile radius of Chicago; to all the principal national and 
international news agencies; and to the Springfield bureau of the 
Associated Press for its special service to newspapers throughout 
the state of Illinois, which is in addition to the national distribution 
effected through the Chicago office of the same organization. 

Photographs accompanied many of the stories, prints from 358 
negatives having been released by the Museum. Copies of these 
photographs were furnished to a list of twenty-five leading news- 
papers and news photograph agencies, through which hundreds of 
additional copies were distributed to newspapers all over the world. 
A great amount of space has been given to Museum pictures in 
newspapers publishing rotogravure sections, and, as this type 
of reproduction is so far superior to ordinary news photographs, 
it has undoubtedly been of benefit in providing the public with a 
clearer idea of what the Museum is and what it does. 

The contract with the New York Times and its subsidiary com- 
pany, Wide World Photos, whereby the photographs resulting from 
certain Field Museum expeditions are syndicated nationally, was 
continued as in past years. 

As usual, the news from the Museum has frequently provoked 
editorial comments in many important newspapers, including all 
those of Chicago, many in other American cities, and even some 
abroad, a notable instance being the London Times. One editorial 
feature column which is syndicated among newspapers from coast 
to coast with a total of about twenty million readers, has frequently 
given space to comments on Field Museum activities during 1929. 

The Museum's releases ranged from the "filler" items above 
mentioned, of fifteen to twenty-five words, up to full column articles, 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 159 

the majority of the regular news stories running from about one- 
half to two-thirds of a column. Every story released was printed 
in several Chicago newspapers, and many in all; and the majority 
received extensive space throughout the country. Frequently these 
releases have been expanded by newspaper staff writers for full- 
page Sunday feature articles. 

For their generous cooperation which has contributed so greatly 
to the success of the Museum's publicity efforts, grateful recogni- 
tion is herewith accorded the Chicago Tribune, Chicago Daily News 
and Chicago Daily Journal, which recently merged, Chicago Evening 
Post, Chicago Herald and Examiner, Chicago Evening American, 
Chicago Daily Illustrated Times, Chicago Journal of Commerce, and 
the national and international news agencies, such as the Asso- 
ciated Press, United Press, International News Service, Universal 
Service, and Science Service. 

As an indication of the extent of the newspaper publicity 
received, the records show that an average of 2,038 clippings of 
articles mentioning the Museum was received each month in 1929. 
This number represents only a part of the space given the Museum, 
as no complete coverage of even the English language newspapers 
is available, and certain groups, such as the foreign language papers, 
are not covered at all by the clipping bureaus. The total number 
of clippings received for the year was 24,457. 

Publicity in Periodicals. — The Museum and its activities 
have again been the subject of many special articles which have 
appeared in general and popular magazines, trade journals, scien- 
tific publications, and other periodicals. Some of these were pre- 
pared at the Museum on the request of editors, and others were 
written by outside writers, usually illustrated with photographs 
furnished by the Museum and based on data supplied by the Staff. 
Among the more important publications in which this material has 
appeared are Scientific American, Chicago Commerce, Science, 
Popular Mechanics, Popular Science, Americana Annual, Inter- 
national Year Book, Science News Letter, Museums Journal (London), 
Chicago Visitor, Chicago Beautiful, Field and Stream, St. Nicholas, 
and Chicago (a book). 

Advertising. — The Museum has been fortunate in receiving, 
free of charge, advertising space in various media, as in previous 
years. The Chicago Surface Lines continued its generous coopera- 



160 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

tion by printing at its own expense, and displaying in the street 
cars, colored overhead posters calling the public's attention to some 
of the Museum's striking exhibits. The Chicago Rapid Transit 
Company and associated interurban lines, including the Chicago, 
North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, the Chicago, South Shore 
and South Bend Railroad, and the Chicago, Aurora and Elgin 
Railroad, distributed some 65,000 Field Museum descriptive 
felders among their patrons, and displayed Museum posters in 
stations of the Elevated Lines. In the Outing and Recreation 
Bureau maintained in the "loop" district jointly by these and other 
interests, a large display window near a busy street corner was for 
several weeks devoted to an exhibition of Museum material and 
placards urging the public to visit the Museum. The Chicago, 
North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad again allotted space through- 
out the year to Museum exhibits and lectures in its "This Week's 
Events Along the North Shore Line" posters displayed at all stations 
between Chicago and Milwaukee. The Illinois Central Railroad 
and the Chicago and North Western Railway displayed at their 
city and suburban stations placards announcing Field Museum 
lecture courses. These posters were also displayed in Marshall 
Field and Company's retail store and in libraries, schools, and other 
institutions. Practically all railroads entering Chicago widely 
advertised the Museum in connection with excursion trips they 
conducted from various points in the middle west. Approximately 
80,000 Field Museum descriptive folders (in addition to those dis- 
tributed by the Rapid Transit and associated companies) were 
distributed by the Museum and cooperating agencies, including 
practically every railroad and lake steamship line entering the 
city, and the principal hotels, clubs, travel bureaus, and depart- 
ment stores. The officers and delegates to many of the important 
conventions held in the city were also furnished with supplies of 
these folders. 

The Clyde W. Riley Advertising System, publishers of The 
Playgoer, the magazine-program used in practically all Chicago 
theatres (exclusive of motion picture houses) continued the courtesy 
it has extended for several years of giving the Museum from a half- 
page to a page of advertising space in each program. The Museum 
also received, as in previous years, a free page advertisement in the 
programs of the Chicago Civic Opera Company. The Museum was 
advertised also in the house organs for customers and employes 
published by the Stevens Hotel, Marshall Field and Company, 



„ 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 161 

Commonwealth Edison Company, People's Gas Light and Coke 
Company, Montgomery Ward and Company, Illinois Bell Tele- 
phone Company, and other firms, and in folders and other adver- 
tising matter issued by many railroads, lake steamship companies, 
and hotels. 

During the International Live Stock Exposition special coopera- 
tive publicity and advertising was arranged between the manage- 
ment of that enterprise and the Museum. 

Radio. — Further publicity for Field Museum was contributed 
by local radio stations which broadcast Museum news and arranged 
for talks by members of the Museum Staff. Among stations which 
cooperated were WLS, the Prairie Farmer station which in coopera- 
tion with the Chicago Daily Journal broadcast a series of talks by 
the Director and various members of the scientific staff; WCFL, 
the Chicago Federation of Labor station; WMAQ, the Chicago 
Daily News station, which broadcast several travelogue talks by 
Museum speakers, illustrated with pictures published in the roto- 
gravure section of the paper on simultaneous dates; and the 
radio stations operated in conjunction with various other Chicago 
newspapers or under the auspices of other organizations of various 
kinds. 

Newsreels. — Field Museum activities were also brought before 
the public in motion picture newsreels. Among these were the 
newsreels of the Paramount Film Corporation, M-G-M-Inter- 
national Newsreel, Chicago Daily News -Universal Newsreel, and 
others. 

Editorial Work. — A large amount of editorial work was 
performed by the Division of Public Relations. Plans were com- 
pleted for a monthly bulletin which will announce, report and 
record all Museum activities. It will be distributed regularly to 
Members of the Museum, subscription being included as part of 
all memberships. Preparation of the first number of the paper, 
which is called Field Museum News, was under way at the close of 
the year, with publication scheduled for the first week of January. 
The Division also performed editorial work on new catalogues of 
the Museum's publications, which are soon to be issued, and on 
various other printed matter. 



162 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

DIVISION OF PRINTING 

The output of the Division of Printing during 1929 exceeded by- 
far that of any other year, both in publications and in labels and 
miscellaneous matter. 

In order to replace more rapidly the black exhibition labels 
with the more legible new style of buff labels, three more printers 
were added to the Staff of the Division at the beginning of the 
year. As a result the Division turned out 15,000 more exhibition 
labels than in the previous year. 

To make better progress on the publications for which manu- 
scripts had accumulated, four additional printers were employed 
in September, three of them being assigned to night service. By 
means of this increase in the force the Division was able to issue 
24,156 copies of books in the regular publication series, a number 
exceeding that of any other year, and double that of the preceding 
twelve months. There was also a substantial increase in the num- 
ber of leaflets printed. 

The quality as well as the quantity of work that could be done 
by the Division was given consideration. To make the Museum's 
printed matter as free of typographical errors as possible, an efficient 
proofreader was employed. A comparatively quiet working space 
being essential for the proofreader, the southeast corner of the room 
used by the Division on the third floor was partitioned off for 
office purposes. 

The Miehle vertical press, which was installed a year ago, has 
proved to be a most valuable addition to the Division's equipment. 
It has been the means of turning out a better quality of printing, 
and has helped greatly to increase the production of the Division. 

In 1929 the Division's equipment was enlarged by the addition 
of a combination type-cabinet unit needed to facilitate the work 
of the increased Staff. 

The following publications, with contents totaling 1,726 pages, 
were printed and bound during the period under review: 

Publication Number of 

number copies 

254 — Contribution to Paleontology 1 ,275 

255 — A Contribution to the Ornithology of Brazil 1 ,016 

256— Annual Report of the Director for the Year 1928 7,661 

257 — The Birds of the Neotropical Genus Deconychura 1,068 

258 — Flora of Barro Colorado Island, Panama 1,040 

259 — Spermatophytes, Mostly Peruvian 1 , 100 

260 — The Mineral Composition of Sands from Quebec, Labrador and 

Greenland 1,611 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 163 

261 — A New Rodent from the Galapagos Islands 1 , 105 

262— Contents and Index to Volume XII 1 ,085 

263 — Birds of the James Simpson-Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition. . . . 1,064 

264— Studies of American Plants. Parts I and II 1 ,051 

265 — The Land Mammals of Uruguay 1 ,068 

266 — Catalogue of Birds of the Americas. Part VI 1 ,530 

267— Honduran Mosses 992 

268 — Melanesian Shell Money in Field Museum Collections 1,015 

269— A Study of the Tooth-billed Red Tanager 1,022 

Anthropology, Memoirs — A Sumerian Palace and the "A" Cemetery 

at Kish, Mesopotamia, Part II 1 ,472 

Anthropology Leaflet 28 — The Field Museum-Oxford University 

Expedition to Kish, Mesopotamia, 1923-1929 2,993 

Geology Leaflet 10 — Diamonds 6,023 

Geology Leaflet 11 — Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man 6,056 

Geology Leaflet 12— Cement 3,036 

Zoology Leaflet 10— The Truth about Snake Stories 3,045 

Zoology Leaflet 11 — Frogs and Toads of the Chicago Area 3,002 

Field Museum and the Child 4,070 

General Guide 8 , 530 

Field Museum News (January, 1930, issue) 6,800 

Total 69,630 



The number of labels and other impressions was as follows: 

Exhibition Other 

labels impressions 

Anthropology 8,373 11,665 

Botany 1,398 42,943 

Geology 13,685 3,000 

Zoology 4,163 4,554 

Harris Extension 349 2,220 

Raymond Division 273 , 300 

General 537,286 

Membership information folder 5, 527 

Direction folder for Rapid Transit Company 49,800 

Direction folder for Division of Public Relations 73,872 

Publication price list 550 

Leaflet price list 800 

Miscellaneous post cards 368 , 910 

Miniature sets of exterior and interior views in 

Museum 2 , 125 

Pictorial post card album 755 

Large post card album 115 

Total 27,988 1,377,422 



DIVISIONS OF PHOTOGRAPHY, ROENTGENOLOGY 

AND ILLUSTRATION 

Photography. — The total number of lantern slides, negatives 
and prints made by the Division of Photography during 1929 was 
35,602, an increase of more than 10,000 over that of the previous 
year. The following tabulation gives a summary of the work 
performed : 



164 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Anthropology 

Botany 

Geology 

Zoology 

Harris Extension . . 
Raymond Division 

Photogravure 

Publicity 

General 

Gift 

Sale 

Total 2,268 2,217 



Lantern 
slides 
made 


Nega- 
tives 
made 


Prints 
made 


Enlarge- 
ments 
made 


Negatives 
developed 
for 
expedi- 
tions 


Trans- 
parent 
labels 
made 


Trans- 
parencies 
made 
for exhi- 
bition 


523 


777 


10,045 




498 




9 




362 


9,553 


i30 










359 


259 


1,847 


36 


134 








577 


249 


3,802 


45 


229 


8 








35 


47 


76 


88 








783 


34 

470 

31 


581 

290 

1,618 


'22 










io 




852 
546 












16 




661 













29,842 309 



949 



Roentgenology. — The scope of activities in the Division of 
Roentgenology has widened during the past year. The X-ray 
apparatus is being used to a greater extent, and is developing 
increased significance in the Museum's work. 

Research by means of the X-ray in 1929 was carried on in con- 
nection with anthropological, geological, and zoological subjects. 

An exhaustive study was made of Egyptian animal mummy- 
packs, resulting in some remarkably interesting revelations. Some 
of the most elaborately wrapped packages, it was found, contain 
no skeletons, and some of the carelessly prepared ones hold the 
finest specimens. One package, wrapped so as to represent a cat, 
contains, in the head of the bundle, a skull of an unidentified mammal 
and in the abdominal portion there is a collection of miscellaneous 
bones, including a cat's skull. One package has an exterior repre- 
senting a crocodile, but a comparison of roentgenograms of it with 
recent crocodile skeletons, made by Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant 
Curator of Reptiles, indicates that the enclosed specimen may be 
a lizard. 

Roentgenograms aided in the establishment of the identity of 
a small Egyptian mummy, seven inches long. There was a question 
as to whether it is human or ape. The X-ray determined definitely 
that it is a human embryo of three and one-half to four months' 
development. 

Roentgenographs studies were made also of a series of ancient 
Peruvian babies and children. Very little apparent pathology was 
found to exist in these specimens. 

The extent of ankylosis of the functional fang of a rattlesnake 
was determined from a roentgenogram, thereby making unnecessary 
dissection of the reptile's skull. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 165 

Radio-active minerals submitted by the Department of Geology 
were tested for radium content. Experiments were also made of 
the relative efficacy of ultra-violet and roentgen rays to produce 
radio-lucence with several different substances. 

Paleontological specimens have been found to be surprisingly 
good subjects for X-ray examination. In most cases there is a 
marked difference in atomic density between the bony structure 
and the surrounding matrix, and therefore a satisfactory shadow 
of the skeleton can be produced. 

Special articles on the Museum's roentgenological work appeared 
during the past year in Victor News, Tiles and Tile Work, and 
Hygeia magazines. 

Photogravure. — Following is a summary of the photogravures 
produced during the year 1929: 

Number of 
prints 

Leaflet illustrations 108,000 

Publication illustrations 172,000 

Memoirs Series, illustrations 21 ,000 

Poster headings 4 , 575 

Post cards 214,000 

Total 519,575 

Artist. — The following is a record of the work accomplished 
during 1929 by this Division: 

Large Peruvian frescoes 4 

Pen and wash drawings 132 

Maps drawn and lettered 25 

Plans drawn and lettered 22 

Lantern slides colored 562 

Photographs retouched 34 

Photographs tinted 12 

Negatives blocked 33 

Large transparencies colored 6 

Meteorites colored 2 

Negatives lettered for copyright 8 

Street car posters drawn 2 

Book covers lettered 4 

Wood engraving repaired 1 

Miscellaneous items 40 

Total 887 

DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS 

The membership of Field Museum continues to grow encourag- 
ingly, evidencing the increased interest which the institution's 
activities are attracting among public-spirited citizens. 



166 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

The number of new names added to the Museum's membership 
during 1929 was 1,363. The names of all Members on the rolls 
as of December 31, 1929, will be found elsewhere in this Report. 
Following is a classified list of the total number of memberships: 

Benefactors 17 

Honorary Members 22 

Patrons 34 

Corporate Members 53 

Life Members 357 

Non-resident Life Members 7 

Associate Members 2 , 105 

Non-resident Associate Members 1 

Sustaining Members 312 

Annual Members 2 ,873 

Total Memberships 5,781 

CAFETERIA 

During the year 96,505 Museum visitors were furnished refresh- 
ments in the cafeteria located on the ground floor, an increase of 
10,197 over the number served in 1928. The cafeteria is not operated 
by the Museum, but is under the management of a concessionaire. 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, names of Members, et cetera. 

Stephen C. Simms, Director. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 167 



ATTENDANCE STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS 

FROM JANUARY 1, 1929 TO DECEMBER 31, 1929 

Total attendance 1,168,430 

Paid attendance 151 , 595 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 16 , 650 

School children 124,935 

Teachers 1,396 

Members 1 , 581 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 139,341 

Saturdays (52) 251 , 643 

Sundays (52) 481 ,289 



Highest attendance on any day (May 24, 1929) 59,843 

Lowest attendance on any day (December 18, 1929) 81 

Highest paid attendance (September 2, 1929) 7,268 

Average daily admissions (365 days) 3 ,200 

Average paid admissions (209 days) 725 

Number of guides sold 11 , 653 

Number of articles checked 19 , 987 

Number of picture post cards sold 161 ,226 

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, and photographs $4,915.76 



168 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



GENERAL AND SPECIAL FUNDS 
STATEMENT OF CASH RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS 

AT DECEMBER 31, 1929 

Balance, December 31, 1928 $ 41,719.84 

Receipts 

Income — Endowment, General, Miscellaneous and 

Door Receipts $ 332,510.64 

South Park Commissioners 222,220.52 

Sundry receipts 31,537.33 

Memberships 85,660.00 

Contributions 301,069.24 

Securities sold and matured 260,580.17 1,233,577.90 



$1,275,297.74 



Disbursements 

Operating expenses $ 613,957.32 

Expeditions 112,327.56 

Collections purchased 58,291.59 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 74,586.55 

Securities purchased 298,734.42 

Annuities on contingent gifts 41,665.00 

Bank loans repaid and interest 17,756.27 

$1,217,318.71 

Transferred to Sinking Fund 10,000.00 1,227,318.71 



Balance, December 31, 1929 $ 47,979.03 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 169 



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION 
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR 1929 

Interest and dividends on investments $ 20,687.36 

Operating expenses 19,888.87 

Balance, December 31, 1929 $ 798.49 



STANLEY FIELD PLANT REPRODUCTION FUND 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR 1929 

Balance, December 31, 1928 $ 650.48 

Contributions by Stanley Field during 1929 14,527.50 

$ 15,177.98 
Operating expenses— 1929 15,200.51 



Deficit, December 31 , 1929 $ 22.53 



170 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



LIST OF ACCESSIONS 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 



ANDRAU, DR. E. W., The Hague, 
Holland. 
4 flint flakes — Muaishir near Rutba 
Wells, North Arabian Desert, 
Irak (gift). 

ARMSTRONG, JULIAN, Chicago. 

1 felt door decorated with painted 
appliqu6 designs of cotton — India 
(possibly Burma) (gift). 

BODE, MRS. CLARA V., Sheboygan 
Falls, Wisconsin. 
3 ethnological objects: 1 netted 
scarf (belt), 1 chocolate whisk, 
and 1 mosquito whisk — Isthmus 
of Tehuantepec, Veracruz, Mex- 
ico (gift). 

BURT, MRS. WILLIAM G., Old Lyme, 
Connecticut (donor's father, col- 
lector). 
31 ethnological objects: 1 fabric, 2 
wooden masks, 2 pairs of leather 
sandals, 5 decorated gourds, 1 
bow, 2 swords, 3 spears, 3 carved 
wooden paddles, 1 bottle, 1 fur- 
covered staff, 1 wooden staff, 1 
wooden stool, 1 leather pouch — 
Sierra Leone, Africa (gift). 

CARPENTER, MRS. JOHN ALDEN, 
Chicago (Mrs. Z. K. Heidary, 
collector). 

2 marionettes representing a priest 
and a soldier — Teheran, Persia 
(gift). 

CUNNINGHAM, ROMEO, Moun- 
tainair, New Mexico. 
11 objects: 1 skull, 1 hammerstone, 
and 9 potsherds — Mountainair, 
New Mexico (gift). 

DEBUC, G., Gauties-les-Bains, Haute 
Garonne, France. 
13 original copies of prehistoric 
sketches of animals engraved on 
walls of cave of Montespan — 
Southwest France (gift). 

DEVINE, HERBERT J., New York. 
1 dry lacquer head of a Buddhistic 
statue — Peiping (Peking), China 
(gift). 



DRUMMOND, DR. I. W.,New York. 

1 mounted beak of hornbill (Buce- 
ros) with frontal carving of scen- 
ery and six figures. Seventeenth 
century — Canton, China (gift). 

2 objects: 1 carved hornbill buckle 
and 1 pudding-stone vase of K'ien- 
lung period (1736-95) — China 
(gift). 

EULASS, WALTER L., Chicago. 

1 flint arrowhead — Calumet Coun- 
try Club Golf Course, Illinois 
(gift). 

EVANS, MRS. LYNDEN, Evanston, 
Illinois. 
1 otter skin medicine bag, feet and 
tail covered with purple flannel 
decorated with beadwork designs 
— Potawatomi, northern Wiscon- 
sin (gift). 

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY. 

Collected by Alonzo W. Pond (Cen- 
tral Asiatic Expedition of Amer- 
ican Museum of Natural History 
with Field Museum cooperating): 
72 packages of prehistoric stone 
implements and fragments — Gobi 
Desert, Inner Mongolia. 

Collected by J. Eric Thompson (Sec- 
ond Marshall Field Archaeological 
Expedition to British Honduras) : 

352 objects: 182 archaeological speci- 
mens, 21 lots of type sherds and 
39 ethnological objects from Brit- 
ish Honduras; 1 lot of type sherds 
from Honduras; 54 archaeological 
objects, 54 ethnological objects, 
and 1 lot of type sherds from 
Guatemala — British Honduras, 
Republic of Honduras, and Guate- 
mala. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt (Crane 
Pacific Expedition of Field Mu- 
seum) : 
8 ethnological objects: 1 decorated 
tapa — Fiji; 2 hornbill ornaments, 
1 decorated bag with hornbill, 4 
feather head ornaments — Sepik 
River, New Guinea. 



. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



171 



Collected by E. S. Riggs (Marshall 
Field Paleontological Expedition 
to Argentina and Bolivia): 
2 stone disks — Barancas (bad lands) 
of river valley, Tarija, Bolivia. 

Collected by Harold J. Coolidge, Jr. 
(William V. Kelley-Roosevelts 
Expedition to Eastern Asia for 
Field Museum): 
4 articles: 2 women's dresses of 
White Tai, Tonkin; 2 women's 
dresses with head-dresses and 
jewelry, Phunoi and Khakho 
tribes, Laos — Indo-China. 

Collected by W. D. Hambly (Fred- 
erick H. Rawson-Field Museum 
Ethnological Expedition to West 
Africa) : 

470 objects: wood carvings, decorated 
gourds, pottery, weapons, imple- 
ments, musical instruments, orna- 
ments and other ethnographical 
material — Ovimbundu tribe, 
Portuguese Angola. 

Collected by Field Museum-Oxford 
University Joint Expedition to 
Mesopotamia (Marshall Field 
Fund) : 
About 2,000 objects: pottery, ala- 
baster and other stone vessels, 
flint and copper implements, 
cylinder seals, beads, necklaces, 
etc. — Kish, Mesopotamia. 

Purchases: 
62 objects: 49 painted pebbles, 2 casts, 
11 skeletons of French paleolithic 
period — Mas d'Azil, France, from 
Professor Henri Breuil. 
1 necklace of grizzly-bear claws — 
Winnebago, northern Wisconsin, 
from Oliver LaMere, collector. 

1 chief's coat of ermine — Haida, 
Tadgilanas division, Kasaan, 
Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, 
from Paul Warner. 

1 colored cast of tooth of Sinan- 
thropus pekinensis — China, from 
R. F. Damon and Company, 
London. 

1 medicine otter, with medicine 
and applique work — Potawatomi, 
Phlox, Wisconsin, from Julius and 
August Rosenwald Fund (Paul 
Warner, collector). 

120 prehistoric implements of stone 
and antler, and sherds of pottery 



— Neuchatel (Swiss lake dwell- 
ings), Switzerland, from Dr. P. 
Vouga, collector. 
172 archaeological objects: 20 com- 
plete pottery vessels, 4 half com- 
plete pottery vessels, 78 figurines, 
4 stone and 5 obsidian objects, 10 
jade beads, 1 jade and shell neck- 
lace, 5 shell objects, 41 type pot- 
sherds, 3 pieces of marble vessels 
— Republic of Honduras, from Dr. 
Wilson Popenoe, collector. 
31 objects: pottery, pipe-bowl, arrow 
and spear points, ornaments and 
ceremonial implements excavated 
in Scott, Greene, Schuyler, Sang- 
amon, and Calhoun Counties, 
Illinois, from Julius and Augusta 
Rosenwald Fund (J. Merrill, 
collector). 

FUCHS, MRS. F., Johannesburg, 
Transvaal, South Africa (Arthur 
Fuchs, collector). 
3 pairs and one single copper brace- 
let — Maxosa, South Africa (gift). 

HANSEN, ERICH, Chicago. 

9 objects: model of kayak; model of 
wooden water-bucket, with dipper; 
model of drying rack; lamp pot, 
stand, 3 bone wound plugs, 
small skin pouch — Angmagsalik 
Eskimo, Ditridas, East Greenland 
(gift). 

KENNEDY, KEITH, Sydney, Aus- 
tralia. 
47 aboriginal stone implements — 
Kitchen middens near Sydney, 
Australia (exchange). 

KENYON, A. S., Melbourne, Australia. 
38 stone and wooden implements — 
Australia (exchange). 

KERCHER, DR. JOHN, Chicago. 
8 objects: models of kayak and 
sledge, 2 traps, iron adze, 2 pairs 
of children's boots, and wooden 
mask — Eskimo, Golovnin Bay 
District, Alaska (gift). 

LAUGHLIN, R. M., Havana, Illinois. 
1 fragmentary lower mandible, with 
teeth, from Indian burial — Ful- 
ton, Illinois (gift). 

MACKAY, MRS. ERNEST, Dokri, 
Sindh, British India. 
1 coup-de-poing of Acheulean type 
— Karyatein, Syria (gift). 



172 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



MELDRUM, DR. A. M., Spokane, 
Washington. 
2 skulls of aborigines — Australia 
(gift). 

MOLLER, J. A., New York (A. W. 
Bahr, collector). 
1 archaic white jade spike, carved 
with human figure, Chou period 
—China (gift). 

MOON, H. F„ Bagdad, Irak. 

23 mosaic fragments from the tessel- 
lated pavement of a Roman fort 
at Samra on the Hejaz Railway 
— Samra, Transjordania (gift). 

NELSON, MURRY, Chicago (donor's 
father, collector). 

1 red flannel coat, with green and 
blue edgings, decorated with bead- 
work — East Woodland tribe of 
Chicago area (gift). 

QUARRIE, S. W., Royston, Herts, 
England. 
13 flint flakes from east end of Wadi 
Meir — North Arabian Desert, 
Irak (gift). 

REES, GROUP CAPTAIN, V. C, 
London, England. 
32 objects: 2 arrowheads and 30 flint 
flakes — near Qase Hallabat, North 
Arabian Desert, Transjordania 
(gift). 

REYNOLDS, EARLE H., Chicago 
(Herbert J. Devine, collector). 

2 painted mortuary clay figures of 
horsewomen playing polo — China 
(gift). 

ST. PERIER, COUNT DE, Morigny 
par Etampes, Seine-et-Oise, 
France. 
1 cast of female figure (so-called 
Venus) of the Lespuge-Aurignacian 
period — Southwest France (gift). 

SARGENT, HOMER E., Pasadena, 
California. 
46 baskets — Pomo, Mono, Kern, 
Paiute, Yokut, Louiseno, Pana- 
mint, and Washo, California 
(gift). 

SCHMERSE, PAUL, Edison Park, 
Illinois. 
1 flint arrowhead — Desplaines Golf 
Road, Illinois (gift). 

SCHMIDT, KARL P., Chicago. 

10 objects: 1 carved coconut bottle, 
lime gourd and stick, 3 spinning 



tops, 1 tobacco-pipe, 2 puberty 
covers, 2 spears — Upper Sepik 
River, New Guinea (gift). 

SETON-KARR, H. W., London, Eng- 
land. 

58 paleolithic and neolithic knives, 
scrapers, arrowheads and other 
implements — England, Belgium, 
Egypt, India, and Ceylon (gift). 

SHELDON, THEODORE, Chicago. 
1 kris with carved wooden handle 
and metal sheath — Java (gift). 

SPRAGUE, COLONEL A. A., Chi- 
cago. 
1 black and gold lacquered saddle 
dated 1868— Japan (gift). 

TROMBE, FELIX, Gauties-les-Bains, 
Haute Garonne, France. 

1 plaster impression of a prehistoric 
footmark from cave of Monte- 
span, and plan of cave drawn to 
scale — Southwest France (gift). 

UNIVERSITY MUSEUM (Depart- 
ment of Human Anatomy), 
Oxford, England. 

4 casts of frontal and left parietal 
bones, temporal, maxilla and 
mandible of Mousterian child's 
skull — Gibraltar, Spain (ex- 
change). 

VONDRASEK, FRANK, Cicero, Illi- 
nois. 
23 quartz arrowheads and spear 
points — Magnet Cove, Arkansas 
(gift). 

WHITE, MRS. ALEXANDER, Chi- 
cago. 

2 wooden panels lacquered red and 
gold, carved with undercut reliefs 
—China (gift). 

WICKER, MISS CAROLYN, Chicago. 
18 objects: 8 mandarin cap-buttons, 
fish emblem, bone emblems of 
authority, fan, lacquered cover, 
4 baskets, 2 strings of beads, hide 
sandals, pottery wine-jar; also 
picture post cards — China, Japan, 
Annam, Philippines, Burma, Cey- 
lon, Greece, Italy, and Mexico 
(gift). 

YAMAGATA, MR. AND MRS. S., 
Chicago. 
1 ceremonial battledore used as a 
New Year's gift — Japan. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 



173 



ALL-AMERICAN MOHAWK 
RADIO CORPORATION, 
Chicago. 
1 specimen of veneer of Australian 
silk-oak (gift); 2 wood specimens 
(gift). 

AMERICAN WALNUT MANUFAC- 
TURERS' ASSOCIATION, 
Chicago. 
1 wheel section of black walnut 

(gift). 

ARNOLD ARBORETUM, Jamaica 

Plain, Massachusetts. 
785 specimens of plants (exchange). 

ARSENE, REV. BROTHER G., Las 
Vegas, New Mexico. 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

BAILEY, DR. L. H., Ithaca, New 
York. 
1 specimen of plant from Cuba 
(gift). 

BALL, DR. C. R., Washington, D.C. 
12 specimens of willows (gift). 

BANGHAM, WALTER N., Forest 
Hills, Massachusetts. 
1 specimen of plant from the Canal 
Zone (gift). 

BARTRAM, EDWIN B., Bushkill, 
Pennsylvania. 
75 specimens of mosses from Arizona 
(gift). 

BAUER AND BLACK, Chicago. 
1 airplane first aid case (gift). 

BEATTY, LESTER A., Gary, Indiana. 
1 specimen of cinchona bark (gift). 

BENKE, H. C, Chicago. 
517 specimens of plants (gift); 38 
wood specimens (gift); 140 pack- 
ets of seeds (gift). 

BOTANICAL MUSEUM OF HAR- 
VARD UNIVERSITY, Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 

1 plant specimen (gift). 

BOTANICAL GARDEN AND MU- 
SEUM, Berlin-Dahlem, Ger- 
many. 
50 specimens of plants from Peru 
(exchange). 



BOTANISKA INSTITUTIONEN, 
Upsala, Sweden. 
450 specimens of plants from Brazil 
(exchange). 

BREMER, MISS MARY, Crown 
Point, Indiana. 
18 specimens of plants from Indiana 
(gift); 18 packets of seeds (gift). 

BREMER, MISS SOPHIA, Crown 
Point, Indiana. 

2 specimens of mosses from Indiana 

(gift). 

BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL 
HISTORY), London, England. 

1,034 specimens of plants from South 
America (exchange). 

BRYAN, PROFESSOR G. S., Madi- 
son, Wisconsin. 

3 palm fruits from Africa (gift). 

BUCHER, G. C, Santiago de Cuba, 
Cuba. 

1 specimen of a Cuban plant (gift) . 

BUSH, B. F., Courtney, Missouri. 
9 specimens of plants from Missouri 
(gift). 

BUTLER, ALFRED F., Tela, Hon- 
duras. 
3 specimens of plants from Hon- 
duras (gift). 

CALDER6N, DR. SALVADOR, San 
Salvador, Salvador. 
238 specimens of plants from Salva- 
dor (gift). 

CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF 
SCIENCES, San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia. 

2 specimens of plants (exchange). 

CARTER, J. D., Deerfield, Illinois. 

1 specimen of Aesculus fruits (gift). 

CELOTEX COMPANY, Chicago. 
27 photographs (gift); 10 specimens 
of celotex (gift). 

CHAMBERLAIN, DR. C. J., Chicago. 

2 specimens of cycads (gift). 

CHAPMAN, DR. F. M., New York. 
1 specimen of plant from the Canal 
Zone (gift). 



174 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



CHATEAU, REV. FATHER I., Mis- 
sion, Texas. 

37 specimens of plants from Texas 
(gift). 

chicago international 
live stock exposition. 

4 specimens of Australian wheat 
(gift). 

CLARKSON, MRS. RALPH, Chicago. 

2 specimens of plants (gift); 1 speci- 
men of seeds of Zamia (gift). 

CLEMENS, MRS. JOSEPH, Manila, 
Philippine Islands. 

3 specimens of plants (gift). 

COMMERCIAL SOLVENTS COR- 
PORATION, Terre Haute, Indi- 
ana. 1 wall chart (gift). 

COOK, G. M., Chicago. 

1 specimen of plant from Texas 
(gift). 

COOPER, PROFESSOR W. S., Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota. 
349 specimens of plants from Alaska 
and British Columbia (gift). 

CROSBY, MISS GRACE, Providence, 
Rhode Island. 

1 specimen of plant from Connecti- 
cut (gift). 

DEAM, C. C, Bluffton, Indiana. 
1 packet of seeds (gift). 

DEGENER, PROFESSOR OTTO, 
Honolulu, Hawaii. 

5 specimens of Hawaiian plants 
(gift). 

DIRECCI6N de ESTUDIOS BIO- 

L6GICOS, Chapultepec, Mexico. 

1 specimen of Ochroma fiber (gift). 

DIRECCI6N general de agri- 
CULTURA, Guatemala City, 

Guatemala. 

189 specimens of Guatemalan plants 
(gift). 

DOOLITTLE, MRS. HAROLD M., 
Onekama, Michigan. 

1 specimen of plant from Michigan 
(gift). 

DOUBLEDAY, ARNOLD, Chicago. 
12 specimens of mosses from Illinois 
(gift). 



EIFRIG, G., River Forest, Illinois. 

56 specimens of plants from the 
United States (gift). 

ENLOW, C. R., Gainesville, Florida. 

2 specimens of plants from Florida 
(gift). 

EWALD, GEORGE, Chicago. 

1 specimen of guayule rubber (gift). 

FARLOW HERBARIUM OF HAR- 
VARD UNIVERSITY, Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 

141 specimens of cryptogamic plants 
(exchange). 

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY. 

Collected by B. E. Dahlgren and Emil 
Sella (Marshall Field Botanical 
Expedition to the Amazon): 
2,500 herbarium specimens from Brazil. 

Collected by Henry Field (Field Mu- 
seum-Oxford University Joint 
Expedition to Mesopotamia): 

3 specimens of barley from Kish; 
1 specimen of charred grain from 
Jemdet Nasr. 

Collected by Herbert Stevens (William 
V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition 
to Eastern Asia for Field Mu- 
seum): 
2,403 specimens of plants from China. 

Collected by J. Eric Thompson (Sec- 
ond Marshall Field Archaeological 
Expedition to British Honduras) : 

5 specimens of plants from British 
Honduras. 

Collected by F. Kingdon Ward 
(William V. Kelley-Roosevelts 
Expedition to Eastern Asia for 
Field Museum): 

400 specimens of plants from Burma 
and Indo-China. 

Collected by August Weberbauer 
(Marshall Field Expedition to 
Peru, 1929): 

888 herbarium specimens from Peru. 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams (Mar- 
shall Field Botanical Expedition 
to the Amazon): 
9,500 herbarium specimens from Peru; 
1,088 wood specimens from Peru. 

Rockefeller Foundation Fund for 
Photographing Type Specimens: 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



175 



819 negatives of type specimens in the 
herbarium of the Museu Goeldi; 
13 photographic prints of type 
specimens in the Berlin Herba- 
rium. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 

5,599 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 

300 specimens of plants, 4 wood speci- 
mens, collected in Trinidad by 
W. E. Broadway. 

342 specimens of plants collected in 
Ecuador by Brother Gemel-Fir- 
mfn. 

623 specimens of Mexican plants col- 
lected by M. E. Jones. 

962 specimens of British Honduras 
plants collected by C. L. Lundell. 

320 specimens of Venezuelan plants 
collected by Henry Pittier. 

1,079 specimens of plants collected in 
Bolivia by Jose' Steinbach. 

500 specimens of Argentine plants col- 
lected by S. Venturi. 

331 specimens of Argentine plants col- 
lected by W. Lossen. 

100 specimens of plants collected in 
Chile by Professor Montero. 

100 specimens of cryptogamic plants 
from Europe. 

53 photographs of Mexican plants; 
6 canna roots; 6 specimens of 
chile peppers; 1 specimen of bay 
leaves; 1 specimen of garlic; 1 
specimen of horse-radish. 

FLAUTT, J. L., Chicago. 

2 specimens of plants from Georgia 
(gift). 

FRIESSER, JULIUS, Chicago. 

1 specimen of an Illinois plant (gift). 

FRITZ, PROFESSOR EMANUEL, 
Berkeley, California. 
6 sugar pine cones (gift). 

FROST, S. W., Arendtsville, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

251 specimens of plants from the 
Canal Zone (gift). 

GARFIELD PARK CONSERVA- 
TORY, Chicago. 

3 specimens of cycads (gift). 



GARRETT, PROFESSOR A. O., Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

700 specimens of plants, chiefly from 
Utah (gift). 

GILBERT, A. H., Coral Gables, 
Florida. 

5 plants of Zamia (gift). 

GLYNN, JOHN E., Chicago. 
1 specimen of gourd (gift). 

GRANT, CLEVELAND P., Chicago. 

1 specimen of an Illinois oak (gift). 

GRAY HERBARIUM OF HARVARD 
UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, 

Massachusetts. 
92 specimens of plants from tropical 
America (exchange). 

GRISCOM, LUDLOW, Cambridge, 

Massachusetts. 
119 specimens of plants (exchange). 

GRONEMANN, CARL E., Elgin, 
Illinois. 

6 specimens of Illinois plants (gift). 

HAPEMAN, DR. HARRY, Minden, 
Nebraska. 

2 specimens of plants from Ne- 
braska (gift). 

HAUGHT, OSCAR L., Negritos, Peru. 
259 specimens of plants from Peru 
(gift). 

HAYNIE, NELLIE V., Oak Park, 

Illinois. 

13 specimens of Illinois and Colorado 

plants (gift). 

HELLMAYR, DR. C. E., Chicago. 

14 specimens of European orchids 
(gift). 

HERRERA, PROFESSOR FORTU- 
NATO L., Cuzco, Peru. 
551 specimens of Peruvian plants 
(gift). 

HOLMAN, JOHN P., Phoenix, Ari- 
zona. 
2 specimens of plants from Arizona 
(gift). 

INSTITUTO BIOL6GICO DE DE- 
FESA AGRICOLA E ANIMAL, 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 
20 specimens of plants from Brazil 
(gift). 



176 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



JANSSON, K. P., Groton, Connecticut. 

2 specimens of plants from Con- 
necticut (gift). 

JARDIN BOTANIQUE DE L'ETAT, 
Brussels, Belgium. 

200 specimens of plants from tropical 
America (exchange). 

JARDIN BOTANIQUE PRINCIPAL, 
Leningrad, U.S.S.R. 

130 specimens of plants from Mexico 
and northern South America (ex- 
change). 

JOHANSEN, DR. HOLGER, La Lima, 
Honduras. 

52 specimens of plants from Hon- 
duras (gift). 

KANEHIRA, PROFESSOR R., Fuo- 
ka, Japan. 

206 specimens of Peruvian plants 
(gift). 

KAUFFMANN, EMILIO, Belem, 
Brazil. 

81 specimens of plants from Brazil 
(gift). 

KENDALL, MRS. B. A., Elburn, 
Illinois. 

1 specimen of an Illinois plant 
(gift). 

KENOYER, PROFESSOR L. A., 
Kalamazoo, Michigan. 
150 specimens of plants from Michi- 
gan (gift). 

KOEPKE, ANTON, Chicago. 

1 pine cone from California (gift). 

LANCETILLA EXPERIMENT STA- 
TION, Tela, Honduras. 

101 specimens of Honduras plants 
(gift); 12 photographs of plants 
(gift). 

LANKESTER, C. H., Cartago, Costa 
Rica. 
17 specimens of plants (gift). 

LUNDELL, C. L., New York. 

210 specimens of plants from British 
Honduras (gift). 

MACBRIDE, J. FRANCIS, Chicago. 
10 specimens of plants from Idaho 
and Indiana (gift); 1 large sage- 
brush bush for exhibition purposes 
(gift). 



MACKAY, E. K., San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia. 

1 specimen of Jacquinia from Ecua- 
dor (gift). 

MANLEY, JOHN A., New Brunswick, 
New Jersey. 

1 horseshoe imbedded in apple wood 
(gift). 

MARIE-VICTORIN, PROFESSOR, 
Montreal, Canada. 

46 specimens of Canadian plants (ex- 
change). 

MARTIN, MISS ELLA M. f Greens- 
boro, North Carolina. 
59 specimens of plants from North 
Carolina (gift). 

MARTINEZ, PROFESSOR MAXI- 
MINO, Mexico City, Mexico. 
15 specimens of Mexican plants 
(gift). 

MATHIAS, MISS MILDRED E., St. 
Louis, Missouri. 
4 specimens of mosses from Indiana 

(gift). 

MERRILL, DR. ELMER D., Berke- 
ley, California. 

2 specimens of plants from the 
Philippine Islands (gift). 

MEXIA, MRS. YNES, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia. 
8 specimens of Mexican plants 
(gift). 

MINTON, T. W., AND COMPANY, 
Barbourville, Kentucky. 

2 samples of hickory wheel spokes 
(gift). 

MOSELEY, E. L., Bowling Green, 
Ohio. 
196 specimens of plants from Ohio 
(gift). 

MOXLEY, GEORGE L., Los Angeles, 
California. 

1 specimen of a cultivated plant 
(gift). 

NATURHISTORISCHES MUSEUM, 
BOTANISCHES ABTEILUNG, 
Vienna, Austria. 

671 specimens of European plants 
(exchange). 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



177 



NATURHISTORISKA RIKSMU- 
SEET, BOTANISKA AFDELN- 
ING, Stockholm, Sweden. 

257 specimens of plants, chiefly from 
Cuba (exchange). 

NEVERMANN, FERDINAND, San 
Jose, Costa Rica. 
10 specimens of fungi from Costa 
Rica (gift). 

NEW YORK BOTANICAL GAR- 
DEN, New York. 

94 specimens of plants, chiefly from 
tropical America (exchange). 

NICHOLS, HENRY W., Chicago. 
1 packet of seeds (gift). 

OBERLIN COLLEGE, DEPART- 
MENT OF BOTANY, Oberlin, 
Ohio. 

480 specimens of plants, chiefly from 
California (gift). 

PANHANDLE LUMBER COM- 
PANY, Spirit Lake, Idaho. 

1 pine board for exhibition purposes 
(gift). 

PARKS, H. B., San Antonio, Texas. 

1 specimen of plant from Texas 
(gift). 

PAY, CAPTAIN ARTHUR, Para- 
maribo, Surinam. 

5 specimens of Sickingia wood 
(gift). 

PICKREL WALNUT COMPANY, 
St. Louis, Missouri. 

3 walnut boards for exhibition pur- 
poses (gift). 

PITTIER, PROFESSOR H., Caracas, 
Venezuela. 

2 specimens of plants from Vene- 
zuela (gift). 

PLATANIA, PROFESSOR GAE- 
TANO, Catania, Italy. 

6 specimens of seaweeds (gift). 

POMONA COLLEGE, DEPART- 
MENT OF BOTANY, Clare- 
mont, California. 
915 specimens of plants of the United 
States and Mexico (exchange). 

PURPUS, DR. C. A., Zacuapam, 
Mexico. 

443 specimens of Mexican plants 
(gift). 



RAWSON, DR. VANCE, Chicago. 
1 specimen of seeds of Pyrularia 
from Kentucky (gift). 

RICHTER, CONRAD, Albuquerque, 
New Mexico. 
3 specimens of plants from New 
Mexico (gift). 

RIDGWAY, ROBERT, Olney, Illinois. 
1 specimen of an Illinois plant (gift). 

RIDGWAY, ROBERT, ESTATE OF. 
4,000 specimens, comprising the Robert 

Ridgway Herbarium of Illinois 

plants (bequest). 

ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, Kew, 
England. 

676 specimens of plants from tropical 
America (exchange). 

ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, 

Edinburgh, Scotland. 

401 specimens of plants from Para- 
guay (exchange). 

ST. CLAIR EXPERIMENT STA- 
TION, Port-of -Spain, Trinidad. 

1 plant specimen (gift). 

SALGUES MUSEUM, Brignoles, 
France. 

2 specimens of plants (gift); 1 
packet of seeds (gift). 

SCHIPP, WILLIAM A., Belize, Brit- 
ish Honduras. 
466 specimens of plants (gift). 

SCHRAMM, REV. E. E., Cabo Gra- 
cias a Dios, Nicaragua. 
56 specimens of plants from Nicara- 
gua (gift). 

SHERFF, Dr. E. E., Chicago. 
33 specimens of plants (gift). 

SMITH, F. W., Guasave, Mexico. 
14 specimens of Mexican plants 
(gift). 

STANDLEY, MRS. FLORENCE A., 
Fort Myers, Florida. 
9 specimens of plants from Florida 
(gift); 4 packets of seeds (gift). 

STANDLEY, PAUL C, Chicago. 
471 specimens of plants of Illinois and 
Indiana (gift); 289 packets of 
seeds (gift). 



178 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



STANDLEY, PAUL C, and 
DOUBLEDAY, ARNOLD, Chi- 
cago. 
420 specimens of plants, chiefly 
mosses, of Illinois and Indiana 
(gift). 

STANDLEY, PAUL C, and MAC- 
BRIDE, J. FRANCIS, Chicago. 
105 specimens of plants from Indiana 
(gift). 

STEVENSON, NEIL, Belize, British 
Honduras. 
5 specimens of palms from British 
Honduras (gift). 

STOKES, PROFESSOR W. E., 
Gainesville, Florida. 

1 specimen of plant from Florida 
(gift). 

STORK, PROFESSOR H. E., North- 
field, Minnesota. 
668 specimens of plants from Costa 
Rica (gift). 

SUGAR PINE PRODUCERS OF 
CALIFORNIA (through Profes- 
sor Emanuel Fritz), Berkeley, 
California. 
5 planks of sugar pine lumber (gift) ; 
collection of sugar pine cones 
(gift). 

TAPL, A., Elmhurst, Illinois. 
1 wood specimen (gift). 

TAYLOR, MRS. H. E., Kankakee, 
Illinois. 

1 specimen of an Illinois plant (gift). 

THOMPSON, J. W., Seattle, Wash- 
ington. 

12 specimens of plants from Oregon 
(gift). 

THURING, WILLIAM, Chicago. 
4 ears of corn (gift). 

TURNER, DAY AND WOOLWORTH 
HANDLE COMPANY, INC., 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

4 specimens of ax and hammer 
handles (gift) ; samples of hickory 
nuts (gift). 

UNITED FRUIT COMPANY, 
Boston, Massachusetts. 

1 trunk of a cow-tree (Couma guate- 
malensis) from Guatemala (gift). 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT 
OF AGRICULTURE, OFFICE 
OF FOREIGN PLANT INTRO- 
DUCTION, Washington, D.C. 

1 specimen of plant from Colombia 
(gift). 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT 
OF AGRICULTURE, OFFICE 
OF SYSTEMATIC AGROS- 
TOLOGY, Washington, D.C. 

312 specimens of grasses (exchange). 

UNITED STATES NATIONAL MU- 
SEUM, Washington, D.C. 

1,001 specimens of plants (exchange); 
144 hand specimens of woods 
(exchange). 

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN 
HERBARIUM, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan. 

9 specimens of plants from the 
Canal Zone (gift). 

UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, 
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY, 
Austin, Texas. 

11 specimens of plants (gift). 

UPHOF, DR. J. C. T., Winter Park, 
Florida. 

4 specimens of Florida plants (gift). 

VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE, Chi- 
cago. 

8 samples of leguminous seeds (gift). 

VINCENT, MISS EDITH M., Chi- 
cago. 
8 specimens of mosses of Illinois 
and Indiana (gift). 

WALKER, E. T., Chicago. 

1 specimen of Mucuna seeds (gift). 

WALTHER, ERIC, San Francisco, 
California. 
1 specimen of a cycad (gift). 

WESTCOTT, CHARLES, River For- 
est, Illinois. 
1 specimen of wood of Casuarina 
(gift); 1 herbarium specimen 
(gift). 

WESTFALL, REV. FRED G., Gre- 
sham, Wisconsin. 
1 specimen of plant from Wisconsin 
(gift). 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



179 



WETMORE, R. H., Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. 
77 specimens of plants from the 
Canal Zone (gift). 

WILLIAMS, F. B., CYPRESS COM- 
PANY, LTD., Patterson, Louisi- 
ana. 
4 cypress boards for exhibition pur- 
poses (gift). 

WILLIAMS, ICHABOD T., AND 
SONS, New York. 
3 panels of Cuban, Peruvian, and 
Mexican mahogany (gift). 

WILLIAMS, R. 0., Port-of-Spain, 
Trinidad. 
3 seed pods of mahogany (gift). 

WITTE MEMORIAL MUSEUM, 
San Antonio, Texas. 
392 specimens of plants, chiefly from 
Texas (gift). 



WITTROCK, G. L., Chicago. 

121 specimens of mosses of Illinois 
(gift). 

WOLCOTT, A. B., Downers Grove, 

Illinois. 

1 specimen of an Illinois plant 
(gift). 

YALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF 
FORESTRY, New Haven, Con- 
necticut. 

183 herbarium specimens, chiefly from 
tropical America (gift); 1 pod of 
milkweed from British Honduras 
(gift) ; 1 black willow board (gift) ; 
17 specimens of crude gums (gift); 
1 fruit of African mahogany (gift); 
1 abnormal wood growth (gift). 

ZETEK, JAMES, Ancon, Canal Zone. 

1 specimen of plant from the Canal 
Zone (gift). 



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 



ACKERMAN, CHARLES N., Chicago. 

1 specimen fossil wood — Antioch, 
Illinois (gift); 1 specimen shell 
marl — Grass Lake, Illinois (gift); 
1 specimen wood cut by fossil 
beaver — Grass Lake, Illinois 
(gift). 

ADAMSON, GEORGE H., Chicago. 
6 specimens serpentine — Havana, 
Cuba (gift). 

BAHR, A. W., New York. 

1 specimen fossil teleost fish — China 
(gift). 

BEDFORD, GEORGE, Morris, Illinois. 
Parts of skeletons of two individ- 
uals of mastodon, tusk and lower 
jaws of mammoth, skull and ant- 
lers of Cervalces, bones of bison — 
Minooka, Illinois (gift). 

BILHARZ, O. M., St. Louis, Missouri 
(deceased). 

4 teeth and 2 tusks of young mas- 
todon — Flat River, Missouri 
(gift). 

BLOCHER, ARTHUR, Amboy, Illi- 
nois. 

87 specimens invertebrate fossils — 



Inlet, Lee County, Illinois (ex- 
change). 

BOWER, WILLIAM, TOODIE and 
FRANKLIN, Argos, Indiana. 
Partial skeleton of Mastodon ameri- 
canus — Argos, Indiana (gift). 

BREECE, RAYMOND, St. Louis, 
Missouri. 
1 polished moss agate — near Miles 
Canyon, Montana (gift). 

BRYANT, E. R., Osceola, Missouri. 

1 specimen weathered encrinal lime- 
stone^Osceola, Missouri (gift). 

BUHLIS, RICHARD, Little Rock, 
Arkansas. 
1 specimen gold in mariposite — 
Mariposa, California (gift). 

CHALMERS, WILLIAM J., Chicago. 
1 specimen collinsite — British Co- 
lumbia (gift); 8 specimens crys- 
tallized minerals — Madagascar 
(gift); 26 specimens crystallized 
minerals — various localities (gift). 

CHERONIS, NICHOLAS, Chicago. 
7 specimens fluorescent and phos- 
phorescent compounds (gift). 



180 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE, ST. PAUL 
AND PACIFIC RAILWAY, 
Chicago. 
1 specimen sand concretion — 
Mobridge, South Dakota (gift). 

CHRISTENSON, ARTHUR, Des- 
plaines, Illinois. 

1 specimen eroded limestone — Des- 
plaines, Illinois (gift). 

COLORADO MUSEUM OF NATU- 
RAL HISTORY, Denver, Colo- 
rado. 

Prepared fossil skeleton of Trigonias 
hypostylus (exchange). 

CRANE, RICHARD T., JR., Chicago. 

1 cabochon ruby — Ceylon (gift); 1 

chrysoberyl cat's-eye — Ceylon 

(gift); 1 cut aquamarine — Minas 

Geraes, Brazil (gift). 

DOORENBOS, GARRETT G., Kala- 
mazoo, Michigan. 

1 specimen oil sand — Jefferson 
County, Colorado (gift); 1 speci- 
men sand-lime concretion — 
Adams County, Colorado (gift). 

DVORAK, JOSEPH, JR., Downers 
Grove, Illinois. 

1 specimen fossil sponge — Downers 
Grove, Illinois (gift). 

EASTER, DR. MABEL B., Portland' 
Oregon. 

1 upper molar of Elephas Columbi — 
PortTownsend, Washington (gift). 

FEINBERG, A., Chicago. 

1 specimen cave deposit — Chicago 
(gift). 

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY. 
Collected by O. C. Farrington: 

1 specimen feldspar — West Paris, 
Maine. 

1 specimen diabase — Medford, Mas- 
sachusetts. 

Collected by the Crane Pacific Expedi- 
tion of Field Museum: 

3 specimens rock — Suva, Fiji 
Islands. 

Collected by the Marshall Field North 
Arabian Desert Expedition: 
11 specimens desert sands — North 
Arabian Desert. 
1 specimen loess — North Arabian 
Desert. 



Collected by the Marshall Field Expe- 
dition to Newfoundland: 

24 specimens of minerals and ores — 
Newfoundland. 

Collected by the Marshall Field Expe- 
dition to New Mexico: 

173 specimens volcanic products — San 
Mateo and Zuni Mountains, New 
Mexico. 

Prepared in Museum laboratory: 
Model of an oil well — Lawrence- 
ville, Illinois. 

Purchases: 

8 specimens fossil echinoids — Levy 
County, Florida. 

2 specimens sand concretions — Im- 
perial Valley, California. 

2 specimens illustrating wind ero- 
sion — Indio, California. 

1 specimen tourmaline — California. 

1 specimen lodestone — Wasatch 
Mountains, Utah. 

1 cut black opal — Australia. 

2 specimens fossil crinoids — Bund- 
enbach, Germany. 

35 specimens synthetic gems. 

1 specimen garnet (cut). 

1 specimen blue zircon (cut). 
Portion of stone meteorite with crust 

— Troup, Texas. 

14 specimens altered meteorites — 
Brenham, Kansas. 

Etched section of Weekeroo meteor- 
ite — Weekeroo, South Australia. 

2 skulls and jaws of Protoreodon sp. 
— Ouray, Utah. 

Skull and jaws and other bones of 
Achaenodon robustus — Uintah 
Basin, Utah. 

Partial skeleton of Hyrachyus — 
Utah. 

Relief map of Glacier Park. 

FREDERICK, F. G., Chicago. 

1 human skull — Montana (gift); 1 
specimen Baculites — Montana 
(gift); 1 specimen limonite and 
quartz — Brazil (gift); 1 specimen 
flint nodule — Montana (gift). 

FRISZ, J. W., Waveland, Indiana. 

1 specimen calcareous tufa with 
sphagnum — Waveland, Indiana 
(gift). 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



181 



GARDEN, FRANK M., Lake Forest, 
Illinois. 
1 specimen Lorraine quartzite — 
Searchmont, Canada (gift). 

GEBAUER, HENRY, Chicago. 

7 specimens minerals — various 
localities (gift); 4 specimens clay- 
stones — Middletown, Connecticut 
(gift) ; 1 specimen fossil fish — Leb- 
anon, Syria (gift); 381 specimens 
invertebrate fossils and fossil 
plants — various localities (gift). 

GRAMS, WILLIAM F. C, Desplaines, 
Illinois. 

4 specimens fossil coral and 3 photo- 
graphs — Cato, Wisconsin (gift). 

HALVORSEN, E. E... Coalinga, Cali- 
fornia. 
73 specimens invertebrate fossils — 
San Benito County, California 
(gift). 

HARBICHT, DARWIN, Ingomar, 
Montana. 

1 jaw of fossil fish, 1 vertebra of 
fossil fish, 1 specimen fossil gastro- 
pod — Grand View, Idaho (gift). 

HUBBARD, F. N., Homewood, Illinois. 

2 specimens hematite geodes — near 
Murfreesboro, Arkansas (gift). 

ILLINOIS STATE MUSEUM, Spring- 
field, Illinois. 

1 cast of the 9-pound individual of 
the Tilden meteorite — Tilden, 
Illinois (gift). 

JENNINGS, A. A., Chicago. 

1 specimen dendrites — Bisbee, Ari- 
zona (gift). 

JOHNSTON, W. J., Ingomar, Mon- 
tana. 

2 specimens fossil Baculites — Ingo- 
mar, Montana (gift). 

KEESTER, LIEUTENANT-COM- 
MANDER W. J., Curtis Bay, 
Maryland. 

5 specimens volcanic dust — Katmai 
volcano, Alaska (gift). 

KEESTER, J. H., Cicero, Illinois. 
1 specimen quartz crystals in quartz, 
62 specimens quartz crystals, 2 
specimens quartz crystals in ma- 
trix — McCurtain County, Okla- 
homa (gift). 



KOELNAU, LUDWIG A. VON 
GLAENTZKE, Chicago. 

17 specimens agate and concretions 
— Wisconsin and Chicago (gift). 

KRANZ, LEROY, Harvey, Illinois. 
7 specimens fossil plants — Mazon 
Creek, Illinois (gift). 

LAHDE, CLARENCE, Harvey, 
Illinois. 

7 specimens fossil plants — Mazon 
Creek, Illinois (gift). 

LETL, FRANK H., Chicago. 

33 specimens invertebrate fossils — 
Amboy, Illinois (gift); 5 speci- 
mens fossil plants — Mazon Creek, 
Illinois (gift); 3 specimens fossil 
plants — near Coal City, Illinois 
(gift). 

LOVE, CHARLES A., Aurora, Illinois. 

3 teeth of fossil shark, 3 teeth of 
modern shark (gift). 

LUKENS, W. D., British Columbia. 

1 specimen collinsite — British Co- 
lumbia (gift). 

MACDAIRMID, MRS. FLORENCE, 
Isle of Wight, England. 

4 specimens invertebrate fossils — 
Isle of Wight, England (gift). 

MILLAR, JOHN R., Chicago. 

15 specimens fossil plants — Moore 
Mine, Terre Haute, Indiana (gift) . 

MORRIS, MRS. H. C, Chicago. 

1 specimen crude petroleum — Rea- 
gan County, Texas (gift). 

NICHOLSON, VICTOR, Chicago. 
1 specimen glauconite — New Jersey 
(gift). 

NIEH, PAUL S., Chicago. 

1 specimen sphalerite in a concre- 
tion, 1 specimen double concre- 
tion, 8 specimens fossil plants — 
Mazon Creek, Illinois (gift). 

PATTERSON, BRYAN, Chicago. 
6 specimens invertebrate fossils — 
various localities (gift); 8 speci- 
mens fossil plants — Mazon Creek, 
Illinois (gift). 

PATTERSON, COLONEL J. H., 
Cairo, Egypt. 

9 specimens invertebrate fossils — 
Ghizeh, Egypt (gift). 



182 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



PCH, MRS. MARY, Chicago. 

2 specimens fossil coral — Indiana 
(gift). 

PETERSMEYER, E. C, Oklahoma. 
1 specimen hematite concretion — 
Breckenridge, Texas (gift). 

PETERSON, WILLIAM A., Chicago. 
Tusk of fossil mammoth — Yukon 
River, Alaska (gift). 

PFEIFER, MRS. H., Des Moines, Iowa. 
1 specimen azurite, 1 specimen 
quartz colored by copper com- 
pound — Arizona (gift). 

PITTS, WILLIAM B., Sunnyvale, 
California. 
5 specimens jasper, chalcedony and 
priceite, 4 polished stones, 1 speci- 
men tooth of fossil horse — Bar- 
stow, California (gift). 

PLANER, W. F., Hammond, Indiana. 
7 specimens orthoclase crystals — 
Bowie, Colorado (gift). 

PRASUHN, JOHN G., Chicago. 

25 specimens crinoid geodes, 6 speci- 
mens chalcedony geodes, 5 speci- 
mens quartz geodes — Morgan 
County, Indiana (gift). 

PURDUE UNIVERSITY, West 
Lafayette, Indiana. 
Portion of stone meteorite with crust 
— Lafayette, Indiana (gift). 

RASSWEILER, AUGUST, Chicago. 
1 specimen limonite concretion — 
Idar, Germany (gift). 

RITCHIE BROTHERS, Saratoga 
Springs, New York. 
5 specimens fossil algae — Saratoga 
Springs, New York (gift). 

SCHERNIKOW, ERNEST, San Fran- 
cisco, California. 
16 specimens crystallized minerals — 
California (gift). 

SCOTT, PROFESSOR W. B., Prince- 
ton University. 
9 drawings of extinct animals from 
the Santa Cruz formation — 
Patagonia (gift). 

SELLA, EMIL, Chicago. 

4 specimens fossil plants — Scranton, 
Pennsylvania (gift). 



SOSNOVEC, V., St. Louis, Missouri. 

3 specimens fossil coral, 5 specimens 
concretions — St. Louis, Missouri 
(gift). 

STANDARD OIL COMPANY (In- 
diana), Chicago. 
1 chart of oil refinery, 105 speci- 
mens products of petroleum — 
Whiting, Indiana (gift). 

STEWART, H. D., Galesburg, Illinois. 

5 specimens invertebrate fossils- 
near Galesburg, Illinois (gift). 

STOCKON, ALEX, Allegan, Michigan. 

1 specimen conglomerate — Allegan, 

Michigan (gift). 

THOMAS, E. T., Wayne, West Vir- 
ginia. 

4 specimens casts of concretions- 
Tennessee (gift). 

TINSLEY, MRS. JAMES H„ Chicago. 
1 specimen fluorite — Rosiclare, 
Illinois (gift). 

UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, 
Chicago. 
Articulated skeleton of Oreodon 
gracilis; articulated skeleton of 
Merychyus; articulated skull and 
jaws of Poebrotherium — Nebraska 
(exchange). 

VONDRASEK, FRANK, Cicero, Illi- 
nois. 

6 specimens minerals — Arkansas 
(gift). 

WALKER, DR. JAMES W., Chicago. 

1 specimen of fossil cephalopod — 
Whitby, England (gift). 

WANDT, CARL, Hazelcrest, Illinois. 
6 specimens fossil plants — Mazon 
Creek, Illinois (gift). 

WILLIAMS, MRS. S. A., Chicago. 

2 sand-lime concretions — El Centro, 
California (gift). 

WINHOLTZ, JERRY E., Chicago. 
1 specimen fossil mollusk — Dupage 
County, Illinois (gift). 

WORK, MRS. JOSEPH W., Evanston, 
Illinois. 
45 specimens cut and mounted gems, 
4 specimens quartz crystals — 
various localities (gift). 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



183 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 



AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATU- 
RAL HISTORY, New York. 

2 birdskins — Ecuador (exchange). 

ASTOR, LORD, London, England. 
1 stoat skin and skull — England 
(gift); 1 wildcat skin and skull — 
Scotland (gift). 

BENNORTH, DONALD, Elgin, Illi- 
nois. 
7 fishes — Elgin, Illinois (gift). 

BERBRICH, M., Chicago. 

1 salamander — Algonquin, Illinois 
(gift). 

BIEDERMAN, CHARLES R., Here- 
ford, Arizona. 

3 camel crickets — Huachuca Moun- 
tains, Arizona (gift). 

BOOTH, O. E., Des Moines, Iowa. 

1 moth — Des Moines, Iowa (ex- 
change). 

BUREAU OF SCIENCE, Philippine 
Islands. 

60 snakes — Philippine Islands (gift). 

BURT, CHARLES E., New York. 
20 frogs, 8 lizards, 5 snakes — various 
localities (exchange). 

CAMERON, DR. WILL J., Chicago. 

2 lizards — Namib Desert, south- 
west Africa (gift). 

CHICAGO ACADEMY OF SCI- 
ENCES, Chicago. 

1 blue goose — Louisiana (gift). 

CLARK, E. W., Detroit, Michigan. 
5 Butler's garter snakes (gift). 

COCKERELL, PROFESSOR T. D. 
A., Boulder, Colorado. 

1 set scale-insects — Feernza, Cen- 
tral Asia (gift). 

CONOVER, H. B., Chicago. 

1 pink-footed goose — Cambridge, 
England (gift) ; 1 cinnamon teal — 
Brigham, Utah (gift); 1 ring- 
necked duck — Swan Lake, Illinois 
(gift). 

CROOK, DR. R. L., Yachow, China. 
1 snake, 1 giant salamander — 
Yachow, China (gift). 



DICK, J. H., Chicago. 

1 small gecko (gift). 

EMERSON, DR. ALFRED E., Chi- 
cago. 

2 frogs, 8 snakes — Kartabo, British 
Guiana (gift); 369 named ter- 
mites — mostly British Guiana 
(gift). 

ERWIN, RICHARD P., Boise, Idaho. 

2 scorpions, 2 pseudoscorpions, 1 
spider, 5 toad bugs — Idaho (gift). 

FALK, MARTIN, Chicago. 

1 prairie rattlesnake — Crane, Texas 
(gift). 

FARLEY, R. B., Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. 
1 blue goose egg — Gull Lake, Michi- 
gan (gift). 

FELGER, JESSE L., West Point, Mis- 
sissippi. 
1 horn snake skin — Mississippi 
(gift). 

FELLIPONE, FLORENTINO, Mon- 
tevideo, Uruguay. 
15 birdskins — Montevideo, Uruguay 
(gift). 

FIELD, HENRY, Chicago. 

15 mollusks — Plymouth, England 
(gift). 

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY. 

Collected by George K. Cherrie 
(James Simpson-Roosevelts Asia- 
tic Expedition): 

30 shells — Chinese Turkestan. 

Collected by Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe 
(Marshall Field Expedition to 
British India): 

3 mammal skins, skulls and skele- 
tons — India. 

Collected by Ashley Hine (Field 
Museum Arizona Expedition) : 

323 birds, 3 mammals — Arizona and 
British Columbia, Canada. 

Collected by Colonel Theodore Roose- 
velt, Kermit Roosevelt, C. Suydam 
Cutting, Harold Coolidge, Jr., 



184 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Russell Hendee, Josselyn Van 
Tyne, Ralph Wheeler, Herbert 
Stevens (William V. Kelley- 
Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern 
Asia for Field Museum) : 
1,479 mammal skins and skulls, 4,037 
birds, 453 reptiles and batrachi- 
ans, 438 fishes, 7,833 insects — 
Yunnan and Szechwan, China; 
French Indo-China, Siam, Philip- 
pine Islands, Borneo. 

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt, A. W. 
Herre, Walter A. Weber and 
Frank C. Wonder (Crane Pacific 
Expedition of Field Museum): 

881 mammal skins and skulls, 1,200 
birds, 2,008 reptiles and batrachi- 
ans, 686 fishes, 928 insects, 368 
crustaceans, 132 mollusks, 100 
worms, 25 echinoderms — Haiti, 
Panama, Pacific Islands, East 
Indies. 

Collected by J. Eric Thompson (Sec- 
ond Marshall Field Archaeological 
Expedition to British Honduras) : 
4 mammal skins and skulls, 17 
birds — Arenal, British Honduras. 

Collected by Bruce Thorne and George 
Coe Graves II (Thorne-Graves 
Arctic Expedition of Field Muse- 
um): 
7 walrus, 5 caribou — Alaska. 

Collected by Third Asiatic Expedition 
of American Museum of Natural 
History with Field Museum coop- 
erating: 

197 mammals — China. 

Collected by Harold A. White, John 
Coats, C. J. Albrecht, George E. 
Carey, Jr. (Harold White-John 
Coats Abyssinian Expedition of 
Field Museum): 
85 mammals, 73 birds, 22 reptiles 
and batrachians, 4 insects — Abys- 
sinia and Tanganyika Territory. 

Collected by J. E. Williamson and L. 
L. Pray (Field Museum- William- 
son Undersea Expedition to the 
Bahamas) : 

97 fishes, 1 frog, 502 crabs, shells, 
corals and sea fans — Bahamas. 

Purchases: 

4 giant frogs — Cameroon, Africa. 
1 Gila monster — Globe, Arizona. 
12 mammals — Bolivia. 



14 frogs, 126 lizards— St. Thomas 
and British Virgin Islands. 

4 peripatus — Trinidad, British West 
Indies. 

1 Rodgers's fulmar — Samoa, Cali- 
fornia. 

2 paroquets — Santa Marta, Co- 
lombia. 

4 birds — Ecuador. 

45 mammal skins and skulls — Ecua- 
dor. 

6 rodents — Grafton, North Dakota. 

3 least weasels — Grafton, North 
Dakota. 

44 birds — various foreign localities. 

1 ibis — Merida, Venezuela. 

6 fishes. 

1 dogfish. 

1 large cod. 

FRANZEN, A. J., Chicago. 

2 Brewer's blackbirds — Richmond, 
Wisconsin (gift); 25 bird lice — 
Michigan (gift). 

FRIESSER, JULIUS, Chicago. 

4 polar bears, 1 leopard — Alaska 
and Abyssinia (exchange) ; 1 toad 
— Schreiber, Ontario (gift). 

GENERAL BIOLOGICAL SUPPLY 
HOUSE, Chicago. 
6 fishes— Fort Myers, Florida (gift) ; 
1 salamander, 2 turtles — various 
localities (gift). 

GRANT, CLEVELAND P., Chicago. 
1 bald eagle — Michigan City, Indi- 
ana (gift). 

GRONEMANN, CARL F., Elgin, 
Illinois. 
1 frog — Elgin, Illinois (gift). 

HAGENBECK BROTHERS COM- 
PANY, Stellingen, Germany. 

1 sea elephant skeleton (gift). 

HIXON, G. C, Chicago. 

2 mammals — Lake Forest, Illinois 
(gift). 

JONSTO, MRS. AGNES, Chicago. 
1 marsh hawk — Willow Springs, 
Illinois (gift); 1 Tennessee war- 
bler — Chicago (gift). 

KELLEY, J. M., Chicago. 

1 spotted salamander — Adams, New 
York (gift). 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



185 



KELLOGG, W. K., Battle Creek, 
Michigan. 
1 trumpeter swan, 3 greater snow 
goose eggs — Augusta, Michigan 
(gift). 

KENDALL, DR. W. C., Freeport, 
Maine. 
19 tomcod — CascoBay, Maine (gift). 

KENTUCKY GAME AND FISH 
COMMISSION, Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. 

1 spotted tinamou — Kentucky 

(gift). 

LAMB, E. WENDELL, Bunker Hill, 
Indiana. 

2 water snakes — Bunker Hill, Indi- 
ana (gift). 

LETL, FRANK H., Chicago. 

2 small mammal skins and skulls, 
1 snake — Illinois (gift). 

LEWY, DR. A. M., Chicago. 

1 bat, 4 lizards, 2 snakes, 1 frog — 
Tucson, Arizona (gift). 

LINDAHL, SETH, Chicago. 
5 gross shell vials (gift). 

LUNQUIST BROTHERS, Chicago. 
1 spider (gift). 

MEDCALF, FRANK, Seattle, Wash- 
ington. 

1 mounted red squirrel — Suffolk, 
England (gift). 

MOONEY, JAMES, Deerfield, Illinois. 
11 salamanders, 1 snake — Deerfield, 
Illinois (gift). 

MOSELEY, E. L., Bowling Green, 
Ohio. 

2 least weasels — Ohio (gift). 

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE 
ZOOLOGY, Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts. 

3 birds — Panama (exchange) ; 1 bird 
— Cameroon, Africa (exchange); 2 
caecilians — Tanganyika Terri- 
tory, Africa (exchange). 

MUSSELMAN, T. E., Quincy, Illinois. 
1 albino mallard — Quincy, Illinois 

(gift). 

NEUMANN, OSCAR, Charlotten- 
burg, Germany. 



66 birds — South America, Europe, 
and Asia (exchange). 

NEUSIUS, WILLIAM, Yorkville, Illi- 
nois. 

1 albino crow — Yorkville, Illinois 
(gift). 
PALMER, JESSE T., Bocas del Toro, 
Panama. 

1 lizard skin, 1 iguana — Panama 
(gift). 

PARRISH, LEE H., Tulsa, Oklahoma. 
3 rhinoceros iguanas — Haiti (gift). 

PATTERI, ANTHONY, Chicago. 
1 belted kingfisher — Chicago (gift). 



PEET, FRED N., Chicago. 
3 Canadian brook trout 
(gift). 



Canada 



PETERSEN, MRS. LINA, Ocean 
Springs, Mississippi. 

2 hermit crabs — Horn Island, Mis- 
sissippi (gift). 

PORTER, F. M., Gladstone, Illinois. 
1 woodchuck — Gladstone, Illinois 

(gift). 

PRAY, L. L., Homewood, Illinois. 
1 jumping mouse — Porter County, 
Indiana (gift). 

RAKLIOS, JOHN, Chicago. 

1 small boa constrictor — Chicago 

(gift). 

RAWSON, FREDERICK H., Chicago. 
1 mounted trunkfish (gift). 

REED, C. J., Maywood, Illinois. 

1 goldfinch — Nugard, Illinois (gift). 

RUSSELL, J. W., Chicago. 

1 old squaw duck — Ravinia, Illinois 
(gift). 

SCHMIDT, F. J. W., Stanley, Wis- 
consin. 

2 mammal skins and skulls — Clark 
County, Wisconsin (gift); 2 wood 
turtles — Waupaca, Wisconsin 
(gift); 20 salamanders, 128 frogs, 
12 turtles, 12 turtle eggs, 17 liz- 
ards, 104 snakes — Wisconsin 
(gift). 

SPLAYT, LOUIS J., Chicago. 

1 red-tailed hawk — Channon, 
Illinois (gift). 



186 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



SPRAGUE, COLONEL A. A., Chicago. 
2 framed paintings of birds by 
Louis Agassiz Fuertes (gift). 

STEVENS, MISS ETHEL ELIZA- 
BETH, Zamboanga, Philippine 
Islands. 

1 crocodile — Zamboanga, Philip- 
pine Islands (gift). 

STUIVE, DERK, Momence, Illinois. 

1 snake — Momence, Illinois (gift). 

SVIHLA, A. and R. D., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan. 

2 pikas — Daggett County, Utah 
(gift). 

VACIN, E. T., Chicago. 

1 muskalonge — Moose Lake, Wis- 
consin (gift). 



WEED, ALFRED C, Chicago. 
1 snake — Chicago (gift). 

WILLIAMSON, E. B., Bluffton, In- 
diana. 

106 dragon flies — North and South 
Americas (gift). 

WOLCOTT, A. B., Downers Grove, 
Illinois. 

1 small rodent — Downers Grove, 
Illinois (gift). 

WOOD, D. D., Sandakan, British 
North Borneo. 

11 crocodile skulls, 5 snakes, 1 hair 
ball — British North Borneo (gift). 

WYATT, ALEX. K., Chicago. 

5 insects — Illinois and Wisconsin 

(gift). 



RAYMOND DIVISION 
FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL UNITED FRUIT COMPANY, Bos- 



HISTORY. 

From Division of Photography: 783 
slides for extension lectures; 34 
negatives for extension lectures; 
581 prints for files. 



ton, Massachusetts. 

26 copies of lecture "A Trip to 
Banana Land," 184 slides (4 sets 
of 46 each) to illustrate same, 
4 slide cases, 1 motion picture 
reel, 1 reel holder (gift). 



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY 



FIELD, HENRY, Chicago. 
480 negatives of natives, landscapes 
and general views taken in Egypt, 
Palestine and various European 
countries (gift). 

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY. 

Made by Division of Photography: 
29,842 prints, 2,217 negatives, 
2,268 lantern slides, 309 enlarge- 
ments, 8 transparent labels, and 9 
transparencies for exhibits. 

Developed for expeditions: 949 nega- 
tives. 

Made by B. E. Dahlgren: 1,021 
negatives of herbarium speci- 
mens, plants, landscapes, sea- 
scapes and general views in Para, 
Brazil. 

Made by Henry Field: 63 negatives 
of stone implements, etc., at Kish, 
Mesopotamia. 



Made by C. J. Albrecht: 900 negatives 
of natives, landscapes, etc., in 
Central Africa; 24 negatives of 
members of Harold White-John 
Coats Abyssinian Expedition with 
Negus Tafari Makonnen, at Addis 
Ababa, Abyssinia. 

Made by W. D. Hambly: 673 nega- 
tives of natives, domestic animals, 
landscapes and general views in 
West Africa; 4,100 feet of motion 
picture film taken in West Africa. 

Made by R. W. Hendee: 98 negatives 
of natives and general views in 
Indo-China. 

Made by Elmer S. Riggs: 1,097 nega- 
tives of natives, landscapes and 
general views in Argentina and 
Bolivia. 

Made by Sharat K. Roy: 257 nega- 
tives of natives, seascapes and 
general views in Baffin Land and 
Newfoundland. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



187 



Made by Karl P. Schmidt: 200 nega- 
tives of natives, landscapes and 
general views taken on Cornelius 
Crane Pacific Expedition. 

Made by J. Eric Thompson: 458 
negatives of natives, landscapes, 
seascapes and general views in 
British Honduras. 



Made by Llewelyn Williams: 129 
negatives of natives and general 
views in Peru and Brazil. 

HANSEN, ERIK K., Chicago. 

1 enlarged print of Eskimos in 
house, Angmagsalik, East Green- 
land (gift). 



LIBRARY 

LIST OF DONORS AND EXCHANGES 

(Accessions are by exchange, unless otherwise designated) 
FOREIGN INSTITUTIONS 



AFRICA: 

Geological Society, Johannesburg. 
Institut d'Egypte, Cairo. 
Ministry of Public Works, Cairo. 
Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg. 
Rhodesia Museum, Bulawayo. 
Royal Society of South Africa, Cape 

Town. 
Soci6te d'Histoire Naturelle de 

l'Afrique du Nord, Algiers. 
SociSte de Geographic d'Alger, 

Algiers. 
Soctete' des Sciences Naturelles du 

Maroc, Rabat. 
South African Association for the 

Advancement of Sciences, Cape 

Town. 
South African Department of Agri- 
culture, Pretoria. 
South African Museum, Cape Town. 

ARGENTINA: 

Academia Nacional de Ciencias, 

Cordova. 
Instituto Geografico Argentina, 

Buenos Aires. 
Ministerio de Agricultura, Buenos 

Aires. 
Sociedad Argentina de Ciencias 

Naturales, Buenos Aires. 
Sociedad Ornitologica del Plata, 

Buenos Aires. 
Sociedad Physis, Buenos Aires. 
Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, 

Tucuman. 

AUSTRALIA: 

Australian Museum, Sydney. 

Botanic Gardens and Government 
Domains, Sydney. 

Commonwealth of Australia, Mel- 
bourne. 

Department of Agriculture, Ade- 
laide. 



Department of Agriculture, Queens- 
land. 

Department of Agriculture, Sydney. 

Department of Agriculture, Welling- 
ton. 

Department of Agriculture of West- 
ern Australia, Perth. 

Department of Fisheries, Sydney. 

Department of Mines, Brisbane. 

Department of Mines, Sydney. 

Department of Public Health, Can- 
berra. 

Field Naturalists' Club, Melbourne. 

Forestry Commission, Sydney (gift). 

Geological Survey of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

Linnean Society of New South 
Wales, Sydney. 

Melbourne University, Melbourne. 

Ornithological Society of South Aus- 
tralia, Adelaide. 

Public Library, Museum and Art 
Gallery, Adelaide. 

Public Library, Museum and Art 
Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. 

Royal Society of Queensland, Bris- 
bane. 

Royal Society of South Australia, 
Adelaide. 

Royal Society of Tasmania, Hobart. 

Royal Society of Western Australia, 
Perth. 

South Australian Museum, Adelaide. 

Technological Museum, Sydney. 

AUSTRIA: 

Akademie der Wissenschaften, 

Vienna. 
Anthropos Administration, Vienna. 
Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna. 
Universitat, Vienna. 
Verein der Freunde Asiatischer 

Kunst und Kultur, Vienna. 
Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft, 

Vienna. 



188 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



BELGIUM: 

Academie Royale de Belgique, Brus- 
sels. 

Academie Royale des Sciences, Brus- 
sels. 

Direction d'Agriculture, Brussels. 

Institut Botanique Leo Errera, Brus- 
sels. 

Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Brussels. 

Musee Royal d'Histoire de Belgique, 
Brussels. 

Musees Royaux du Cinquentenaire, 
Brussels. 

Nederlandsch Phytopathologische 
(Plantenziekten) Vereenigen, 
Ghent. 

Society Beige de Geologie, Brussels. 

Soci6te de Botanique, Brussels. 

Societe Royale de Sciences, Brussels. 

University de Louvain, Louvain. 

BRAZIL: 

Biblioteca Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
Instituto de Butantun, Sao Paulo. 
Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de 

Janeiro. 
Ministerio de Agricultura, Rio de 

Janeiro. 
Museo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
Secretaria de Agricultura, Comercio 

e Obras Publicas, Sao Paulo. 
Servigo Geologico e Mineralogico, 

Rio de Janeiro. 

BRITISH GUIANA: 

Board of Agriculture, Georgetown. 
Forestry Department, Georgetown. 
Royal Agricultural and Commercial 
Society, Demara. 

BRITISH WEST INDIES: 

Department of Agriculture, Bridge- 
town, Barbados. 

Trinidad and Tobago Department of 
Agriculture, Port of Spain, Trini- 
dad. 

CANADA: 

Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, 
Ontario. 

Department of Agriculture, Victoria, 
British Columbia. 

Department of Mines, Ottawa, 
Ontario. 

Department of Mines, Toronto, 
Ontario. 

Department of the Interior, Geo- 
logical Survey, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Entomological Society of Ontario, 
Toronto, Ontario. 

Geological Survey, Ottawa, Ontario. 



Horticultural Societies, Toronto, 
Ontario. 

McGill University, Montreal, 
Quebec. 

National Museum, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Nova Scotian Institute of Natural 
Sciences, New Brunswick, Nova 
Scotia. 

Provincial Museum, Toronto, On- 
tario. 

Provincial Museum, Victoria, Brit- 
ish Columbia. 

Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto, 
Ontario. 

Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa, 
Ontario. 

University de Montreal, Montreal, 
Quebec. 

University of Toronto, Toronto, 
Ontario. 

CEYLON: 

Colombo Museum, Colombo. 
Department of Agriculture, Co- 
lombo. 

CHILE: 

Revista de bibliografia, Santiago. 
Sociedad Nacional de Mineria, San- 
tiago. 

CHINA: 

Fan Memorial, Institute of Biology, 
Peiping. 

Geological Society, Peiping. 

Geological Survey, Peiping. 

Metropolitan Library, Peiping. 

National Research Institute, Shang- 
hai. 

Peiping Union Medical College, De- 
partment of Anatomy, Peiping. 

Royal Asiatic Society of North 
China, Shanghai. 

Science Society of China, Shanghai. 

University of Nanking, Nanking. 

COLOMBIA: 

Ministerio de Industrias, Bogota. 
Sociedad Colombiana de Ciencias 
Naturales, Bogota. 

CUBA: 

Academia Nacional de Artes y 

Letras, Havana. 
Universidad de Habana, Havana. 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA: 

Academie Tcheque des Sciences, 

Prague. 
Deutscher Naturwissenschafthch- 

Medizinischer Verein fur Bohmen 

"Lotos," Prague. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



189 



DENMARK: 

Dansk Botanisk Forening, Copen- 
hagen. 

Dansk Geologisk Forening, Copen- 
hagen. 

Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 
Copenhagen. 

Dansk Ornithologisk Forening, 
Copenhagen. 

Societe Royale des Antiquaires du 
Nord, Copenhagen. 

Universite, Copenhagen. 

ECUADOR: 

Academia Nacional de Historia, 

Quito. 
Biblioteca Nacional, Quito. 

FEDERATED MALAY STATES: 
Federated Malay States Museums, 

Kuala Lumpur. 
Malayan Agricultural Society, Kuala 

Lumpur. 
Royal Asiatic Society, Malayan 

Branch, Singapore. 

FIJI ISLANDS: 

Department of Agriculture, Suva. 
Department of History and Eth- 
nology, Suva. 
Fijian Society, Suva. 

FINLAND: 

Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, 

Helsingfors. 
Suomen Museo, Helsingfors. 

FRANCE: 

Academie des Sciences, Paris. 
Ecole d'Anthropologie, Paris. 
Musee Guimet, Paris. 
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Lyons. 
Museum National d'Histoire Natu- 
relle, Paris. 
Nature, Paris. 

Societe Botanique de France, Paris. 
Societe Dauphinoise d'Ethnologie et 

d'Anthropologie, Grenoble. 
Society d'Histoire Naturelle 

d'Ardennes, Ardennes. 
Societe d'Histoire Naturelle, 

Toulouse. 
Societe de Geographie, Paris. 
Societe des Americanistes, Paris. 
Societe Linneenne, Bordeaux. 
Societe Nationale d'Acclimatation 

de France, Paris. 
Societe d'Agriculture, Sciences et 

Arts, Angers. 
Society Nationale d'Horticulture de 

France, Paris. 



Society Scientifique du Bourbonnais 
et du Centre de France, Moulins. 

GERMANY: 

Akademie der Wissenschaften, Ber- 
lin. 

Akademie der Wissenschaften, Hei- 
delberg. 

Akademie der Wissenschaften, 
Leipzig. 

Bayerische Akademie der Wissen- 
schaften, Munich. 

Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft, 
Munich. 

Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Mu- 
nich. 

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches 
Museum, Berlin. 

Botanischer Verein der Provinz 
Brandenburg, Berlin. 

Deutsche Dendrologische Gesell- 
schaft, Bonn-Poppelsdorf. 

Deutsche Entomologische Gesell- 
schaft, Berlin. 

Deutsche Gesellschaft fiir Anthro- 
pologic, Ethnologie und Urgesch- 
ichte, Berlin. 

Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesell- 
schaft, Leipzig. 

Deutscher Seefischerei Verein, Ber- 
lin. 

Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, 
Berlin. 

Frankfurter Gesellschaft fiir An- 
thropologic, Ethnologie und Ur- 
geschichte, Frankfort on the 
Main. 

Geographische Gesellschaft, Ham- 
burg. 

Georg-August-Universitat, Gottin- 
gen. 

Gesellschaft fiir Erdkunde, Berlin. 

Gesellschaft fur Erdkunde, Leipzig. 

Hamburgische Universitat, Ham- 
burg. 

Historischer Verein fiir Schwaben 
und Neuburg, Augsburg. 

Mineralogisch-Geologisches Mu- 
seum, Dresden. 

Museum fiir Tierkunde und Vblker- 
kunde, Dresden. 

Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Berlin. 

Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Ham- 
burg. 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Gor- 
litz. 

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, 
Nuremburg. 

Naturhistorischer Verein der Preus- 
sischen Rheinlande und West- 
falens, Bonn. 



190 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Naturhistorischer Verein fur Natur- 

kunde, Wiesbaden. 
Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, 

Bremen. 
Ornithologische Gesellschaft in Bay- 

ern, Munich. 
Siichsische Akademie der Wissen- 

schaft, Leipzig. 
Senckenbergische Naturforschende 

Gesellschaft, Frankfort on the 

Main. 
Thuringischer Botanischer Verein, 

Weimar. 
Universitats Bibliothek, Heidelberg. 
Universitats Bibliothek, Marburg. 
Universitats Bibliothek, Munich. 
Universitats Bibliothek, Tubingen. 
Verein fur Vaterlandische Natur- 

kunde, Wiirttemberg. 
Verein fur Volkskunde, Berlin. 
Zoologisches Museum, Berlin. 

GREAT BRITAIN: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

Ashmolean Natural History Society, 
Oxford. 

Birmingham Natural History and 
Philosophical Society, Birming- 
ham. 

Brighton and Hove Natural History 
and Philosophical Society, 
Brighton. 

Bristol Museum, Bristol. 

British Library of Political Science, 
London. 

British Museum, London. 

British Museum (Natural History), 
London. 

Cambridge Philosophical Society, 
Cambridge. 

Cambridge University, Cambridge. 

Dove Marine Laboratory, Culler- 
coats. 

Fisheries Board, Edinburgh. 

Geological Society, Liverpool. 

Geological Survey of England and 
Wales, London. 

Geological Survey of Scotland, Edin- 
burgh. 

Geologists' Association, London. 

Hull Museum, Hull. 

Japan Society of London. 

Lancashire Sea Fisheries Laboratory, 
Liverpool. 

Leicester Museum, Art Gallery and 
Library, Leicester. 

Linnean Society, London. 

Liverpool Biological Society, Liver- 
pool. 



Liverpool Free Public Museum, 
Liverpool. 

London School of Economics and 
Political Science, London. 

Manchester Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society, Manchester. 

Manchester Museum, Manchester. 

Marine Biological Association, Ply- 
mouth. 

National Indian Association, London. 

National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. 

Oriental Ceramic Society, London 
(gift). 

Royal Anthropological Institute of 
Great Britain and Ireland, 
London. 

Royal Asiatic Society of Great Brit- 
ain and Ireland, London. 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 

Royal Colonial Institute, London. 

Royal Geographical Society, London. 

Royal Horticultural Society, London. 

Royal Society, London. 

Royal Society of Arts, London. 

Royal Society of Edinburgh. 

School of Oriental Studies, London. 

South London Entomological and 
Natural History Society, London. 

Speleological Society, Bristol. 

Tring Zoological Museum, Tring. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, Lon- 
don. 

Wellcome Research Laboratories, 
London. 

Zoological Society, London. 

GUATEMALA: 

Sociedad de Geografia e Historia, 
Guatemala City. 

HUNGARY: 

Magyar TermSszettudomanyi 
Tarsulat, Budapest. 

Musee National e Hongrois, Buda- 
pest. 

Royal Hungary School of Engineer- 
ing, Mines and Forests, Budapest. 

INDIA: 

Anthropological Society, Bombay. 

Archaeological Department, Hydera- 
bad. 

Archaeological Survey, Allahabad. 

Archaeological Survey, Burma, Ran- 
goon. 

Archaeological Survey, Calcutta. 

Archaeological Survey, Madras. 

Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

Bihar and Orissa Research Society, 
Patna. 

Botanical Survey, Calcutta. 

Department of Agriculture, Bombay. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



191 



Department of Agriculture, Madras. 

Department of Agriculture, Poona. 

Department of Agriculture, Pusa. 

Geological, Mining and Metallurgi- 
cal Society of India, Calcutta. 

Geological Survey, Calcutta. 

Government Cinchona Plantations, 
Calcutta. 

Government of India, Calcutta. 

Government Museum, Madras. 

Indian Botanical Society, Calcutta. 

Indian Museum, Calcutta. 

Mining and Geological Institute of 
India, Calcutta. 

Prince of Wales Museum of West 
India, Bombay. 

Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. 

University of Calcutta, Calcutta. 

Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 

IRELAND: 

Belfast Natural History and Philo- 
sophical Society, Belfast. 
National Museum, Dublin. 
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. 
University of Dublin, Dublin. 

ITALY: 

Istituto di Biologia Marina del 

Tirreno, Siena. 
Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, 

Genoa. 
R. Accademia delle Scienze, Naples. 
R. Accademia delle Scienze, Turin. 
R. Accademia Nazionale del Lincei, 

Rome. 
R. Orto Botanico Giardino Coloni- 

ale, Palermo. 
R. Scuola Superiore di Agriculture, 

Portici. 
R. Societa Geografica Italiana, Rome. 
Societa dei Naturalisti, Naples. 
Societa di Scienze Naturali ed Econ- 

omiche, Florence. 
Societa Italiana de Scienze Naturali, 

Milan. 
Societa Reale dei Napoli, Naples. 
Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, 

Pisa. 

JAPAN: 

Anthropological Society of Tokio. 

Department of Agriculture of For- 
mosa. 

Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur- 
und Volkerkunde Ostasiens, 
Tokyo. 

Government Research Institute, 
Taohoku, Formosa. 

Imperial Academy of Tokyo. 

Imperial Geological Society, Tokyo. 



Imperial Geological Survey, Tokyo. 

Imperial Household Museums, 
Tokyo. 

Imperial University, Tokyo. 

Imperial University, College of 
Agriculture, Kyoto. 

Museum Work Promotion Associa- 
tion, Tokyo. 

Ornithological Society, Tokyo. 

Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai. 

Tokyo Botanical Society, Tokyo. 

JAVA: 

Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kun- 
sten en Wetenschappen, Batavia. 

Department of Agriculture, Buiten- 
zorg. 

Encyclopaedisch Bureau, Welte- 
vreden. 

Jardin Botanique, Weltevreden. 

K. Natuurkundige Vereeniging in 
Nederlandsch-Indie, Welte- 
vreden. 

MEXICO: 

Institute Geologico de Mexico, 

Mexico. 
Secretaria de Arqueologia, Historia 

y Etnografia, Mexico. 
Secretaria de Educacion Publica, 

Mexico. 
Sociedad Cientifica "Antonio 

Alzate," Mexico. 
Sociedad de Geografia y Estadistica, 

Mexico. 
Sociedad Forestal de Mexico, Mexico. 
Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, 

Mexico. 

NETHERLANDS: 

Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wet- 
enschappen, Haarlem. 
Kolonial Institute, Amsterdam. 
K. Akademie van W'etenschappen, 

Amsterdam. 
K. Instituut voor de Taal-Land-en 

Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch 

Indie, The Hague. 
K. Nederlandsch Aardrijkundig 

Genootschap, Amsterdam. 
Landbouwhoogerschool, Wagen- 

ingen. 
Leiden Museum, Leiden. 
Museum voor Land-en Volkenkunde 

en Maritiem Museum "Prinz 

Hendrik," Rotterdam. 
Nederlandsch Vogelkundigen Club, 

Leiden. 
Rijks Ethnographisch Museum, 

Leiden. 



192 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



R i j k s Geologis ch - Miner alogisches 

Museum, Leiden. 
Rijks Herbarium, Leiden. 

NEW ZEALAND: 

Auckland Institute and Museum, 
Wellington. 

Canterbury Museum, Christchurch. 

Cawthron Institute, Nelson. 

Department of Agriculture, Wel- 
lington. 

Department of Mines, Geological 
Survey, Wellington. 

New Zealand Board of Sciences and 
Art, Wellington. 

New Zealand Institute, Wellington. 

NORWAY: 

Bergen Museum, Bergen. 
Ethnographical Museum of Oslo. 
Norsk Geologisk Forening, Oslo. 
Tromso Museum, Tromso. 
Zoologiske Museum, Oslo. 

PALESTINE: 

Institute of Agriculture and Natural 
History, Tel-Aviv. 

Palestine Oriental Society, Jeru- 
salem. 

PANAMA: 

Gorgas Memorial Institute for Trop- 
ical Medicine, Panama. 

PARAGUAY: 

Sociedad Cientifica, Asuncion. 

PERU: 

Universidad, Cuzco. 

POLAND: 

Academie Polonaise des Sciences et 
des Arts, Cracow. 

Musei Polonici Historiae Naturali, 
Warsaw. 

Society Botanique de Pologne, War- 
saw. 

PORTUGAL: 

Universidade de Coimbra, Museu 

Zoologico, Coimbra. 
Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon. 

ROUMANIA: 

Universite de Jassy, Jassy. 

SPAIN: 

Institucio Catalana d'Historia Nat- 
ural, Barcelona. 

Junta para Amplicaci6n de Estudios 
e Investigaciones Cientificas, 
Madrid. 



Musei de Ciencias Naturales, 
Madrid. 

R. Accademia de Ciencias, Madrid. 

Sociedad Espanola de Antropologia, 
Etnografia y Prehistoria, Madrid. 

Sociedad Espanola de Historia Nat- 
ural, Madrid. 

SWEDEN: 

Geologiska Institutet, Stockholm. 
Goteborgs Botanika Tradgrad, Gote- 

borg. 
Goteborgs Museum, Goteborg. 
K. Biblioteket, Stockholm. 
K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, 

Stockholm. 
K. Vetenskaps-och Vitterhets- 

Samhalle, Goteborg. 
K. Vitterhets-, Historie-och Antik- 

vitetsakademien, Stockholm. 
Lunds Universitet, Lund. 
Riksmuseets Etnografiska Avedeln- 

ing, Stockholm. 

SWITZERLAND: 

Botanisches Museum, Zurich. 
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, 

Geneva. 
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Basel. 
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, 

Zurich. 
Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel. 
Schweizerische Entomologische 

Gesellschaft, Bern. 
Societe Botanique, Geneva. 
Societe de Physique et d'Histoire 

Naturelle, Geneva. 
Societe Neuchateloise de Geographie, 

Neuchatel. 

UNION OF SOCIALISTIC SOVIET 
REPUBLICS: 

Academie des Sciences, Leningrad. 

Botanical Garden, Leningrad. 

Latvijos Universitales Sistematiska 
Zoologijos Institutam, Riga. 

Musee d'Anthropologie, Leningrad. 

Musee Geologique de Mineralogie 
Pierre le Grand, Leningrad. 

Russian Zoological Journal, Moscow. 

Societe des Amis des Sciences Nat- 
urales, d'Anthropologie et 
d'Ethnographie, Moscow. 

Society Ouralienne d'Amis des 
Sciences Naturelles, Ekaterin- 
berg. 

University de l'Asie Centrale, Tash- 
kent. 

University of Moscow. 

Zoological Museum, Moscow. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



193 



URUGUAY: 

Museo de Historia Natural, Monte- 
video. 



VENEZUELA: 

Cultura Venezolana, Caracas. 



DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS 



ALABAMA: 

Geological Survey, University. 

ARIZONA: 

Arizona Museum, Phoenix. 

CALIFORNIA: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Berkeley. 

Balboa Park Museum, San Diego. 

California Academy of Sciences, San 
Francisco. 

Cooper Ornithological Club, Holly- 
wood. 

Los Angeles Museum, Los Angeles. 

Natural History Museum, San Diego. 

Scripps Institution of Biological 
Research, La Jolla. 

Southern California Academy of 
Sciences, Los Angeles. 

Southwest Museum, Los Angeles. 

Stanford University, Palo Alto. 

State Mining Bureau, Sacramento. 

University of California, Berkeley. 

University of Southern California, 
Los Angeles. 

COLORADO: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Fort Collins. 

Bureau of Mines, Denver. 

Colorado College, Colorado Springs. 

Colorado Scientific Society, Denver. 

State Agricultural College, Fort Col- 
lins. 

State Historical and Natural History 
Society, Denver. 

CONNECTICUT: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
New Haven. 

Connecticut Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, New Haven. 

Hartford Public Library, Hartford. 

Osborn Botanical Laboratory, New 
Haven. 

State Geological and Natural His- 
tory Survey, Hartford. 

Yale University, New Haven. 

DELAWARE: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Wilmington. 

FLORIDA: 

State Geological Survey, Tallahassee. 
GEORGIA: 

Geological Survey, Atlanta. 



HAWAII: 

Academy of Science, Honolulu. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Honolulu. 

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, 
Honolulu. 

Hawaiian Historical Society, Hono- 
lulu. 

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, 
Honolulu. 

University of Hawaii, Honolulu. 

IDAHO: 

Inspector of Mines, Butte. 
University of Idaho, Moscow. 

ILLINOIS: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Urbana. 
Art Institute of Chicago. 
Avicultural Society of America, 

Chicago. 
Board of Education, Chicago. 
Chicago Academy of Sciences, 

Chicago. 
Chicago Public Library, Chicago. 
Division of Natural History Survey, 

Urbana. 
Forestry Service, Urbana. 
Geographic Society, Chicago. 
Hardwood Record, Chicago. 
Inland Printer, Chicago (gift). 
Izaak Walton League of America, 

Chicago (gift). 
John Crerar Library, Chicago. 
Loyola University, Chicago. 
Morton Arboretum, Lisle. 
Newberry Library, Chicago. 
Northwestern University, Evanston. 
Open Court Publishing Company, 

Chicago. 
State Board of Agriculture, Spring- 
field. 
State Geological Survey, Springfield. 
State Historical Library, Springfield. 
State Water Survey, Urbana. 
University of Chicago. 
University of Illinois, Urbana. 

INDIANA: 

Academy of Sciences, Indianapolis. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Indianapolis. 

Indiana Department of Conserva- 
tion, Indianapolis. 

Indiana University, Bloomington. 



194 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



John Herron Art Institute, Indian- 
apolis. 

Purdue University, Lafayette. 

University of Notre Dame, Notre 
Dame. 

IOWA: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Ames. 

Historical, Memorial and Art Depart- 
ment, Des Moines. 

Iowa Academy of Science, Des 
Moines. 

Iowa Geological Survey, Des Moines. 

Iowa Horticultural Society, Des 
Moines. 

Iowa State College of Agriculture, 
Ames. 

University of Iowa, Iowa City. 

KANSAS: 

Academy of Science, Topeka. 
StateBoard of Agriculture, Lawrence. 
University of Kansas, Lawrence. 

KENTUCKY: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Louisville. 

Kentucky Geological Survey, Frank- 
fort. 

LOUISIANA: 

Department of Conservation, Baton 

Rouge. 
Tulane University, New Orleans. 

MAINE: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Orono. 

MARYLAND: 

Academy of Science, Baltimore. 

Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore. 

Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more. 

Maryland Institute, Baltimore. 

Maryland State Board of Forestry, 
Baltimore. 

MASSACHUSETTS: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Amherst. 

American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, Boston. 

American Antiquarian Society, 
Worcester. 

Boston Public Library, Boston. 

Clark University, Worcester. 

Essex Institute, Salem. 

Harvard College, Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology, Cambridge. 



Harvard University, Arnold Arbore- 
tum, Jamaica Plain. 

Harvard University, Gray Herba- 
rium, Cambridge. 

Horticultural Society, Boston. 

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 

New Bedford Public Library, New 
Bedford. 

Peabody Institute, Salem. 

Peabody Museum, Cambridge. 

Salem Public Library, Salem. 

Springfield City Library Associa- 
tion, Springfield. 

Williams College, Williamstown. 

MICHIGAN: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Agricultural College. 
Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit. 
Grand Rapids Public Library, Grand 

Rapids. 
Michigan State Library, Lansing. 
State Board of Library Commission, 

Lansing. 
Edward K. Warren Foundation, 

Three Oaks. 
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 

MINNESOTA: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

University Farm. 
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 

Minneapolis. 
Minnesota Historical Society, St. 

Paul. 
University of Minnesota, St. Paul. 

MISSISSIPPI: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Agricultural College. 

Mississippi Plant Board, Agricul- 
tural College. 

MISSOURI: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Columbia. 

Bureau of Geology and Mines, Rolla. 

City Art Museum, St. Louis. 

Missouri Botanic Garden, St. Louis. 

Missouri Historical Society, Colum- 
bia. 

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis. 

University of Missouri, School of 
Mines, Rolla. 

Washington University, St. Louis. 

NEBRASKA: 

State University, Lincoln. 

NEVADA: 

Nevada University, Agricultural 
Experiment Station, Carson City. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



195 



NEW JERSEY: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Trenton. 
Newark Museums Association, 

Newark. 
Princeton University, Princeton. 

NEW MEXICO: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Santa Fe. 
Historical Society, Santa Fe. 
New Mexico Museum, Santa Fe. 

NEW YORK: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Geneva. 
American Academy of Rome, New 

York. 
American Geographical Society, 

New York. 
American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York. 
American Polish Chamber of Com- 
merce, New York (gift). 
Bingham Oceanographic Collection, 

New York (gift). 
Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn. 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 

Sciences, Brooklyn. 
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 

Buffalo. 
Columbia University, New York. 
Cornell University, Ithaca. 
Garden Club of America, New York 

(gift). 
Italy-American Society, New York 

(gift). 
Japan Society, New York. 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 

York. 
Municipal Museum, Rochester. 
Museum of the American Indian, 

New York. 
New York Academy of Sciences, 

New York. 
New York Botanical Garden, New 

York. 
New York Historical Society, New 

York. 
New York State Library, Albany. 
New York University, New York. 
Plastic Publications, New York 

(gift). 
Pratt Institute, New York. 
Public Library, New York. 
Rockefeller Foundation, New York 

(gift). 
State College of Forestry, Syracuse. 
State Museum, Albany. 
Staten Island Institution of Arts 

and Sciences, New York. 



Stone Publishing Company, New 

York (gift). 
Tompkins-Kiel Marble Company, 

New York (gift). 
United Fruit Company, New York 

(gift). 
University of the State of New York, 

Albany. 
Vanderbilt Marine Museum, New 

York (gift). 
Vassar College, Poughkeepsie. 
Zoological Society, New York. 

NORTH CAROLINA: 

Duke University, Durham. 
Elisha Mitschell Scientific Society, 
Chapel Hill. 

NORTH DAKOTA: 

State Historical Society, Bismarck. 
University of North Dakota, Uni- 
versity. 

OHIO: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Wooster. 

Cincinnati Museums Association, 
Cincinnati. 

Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleve- 
land. 

Cleveland Museum of Natural His- 
tory, Cleveland. 

Cleveland Public Library, Cleve- 
land. 

Denison University, Granville. 

Oberlin College, Oberlin. 

Ohio Academy of Science, Columbus. 

Ohio Archaeological and Historical 
Society, Columbus. 

Ohio State Museum, Columbus. 

Ohio State University, Columbus. 

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati. 

Wilson Ornithological Club, Oberlin. 

OKLAHOMA: 

Oklahoma Academy of Sciences, 
Norman. 

Oklahoma Geological Survey, Nor- 
man. 

University of Oklahoma, Norman. 

OREGON: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Corvallis. 
State College, Corvallis. 
University of Oregon, Eugene. 

PENNSYLVANIA: 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 
delphia. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Harrisburg. 



196 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



American Philosophical Society, 
Philadelphia. 

Antivenin Institute of America, 
Philadelphia. 

Bureau of Topographical and Geo- 
logical Survey, Harrisburg. 

Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh. 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh. 

Department of Agriculture, Harris- 
burg. 

Department of Forests and Waters, 
Harrisburg. 

Engineers' Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania, Pittsburgh. 

Erie Public Museum, Erie. 

Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. 

Pennsylvania Museum and School 
of Industrial Art, Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 
Philadelphia. 

Sullivant Moss Society, Pittsburgh. 

University of Pennsylvania, Phila- 
delphia. 

University of Pennsylvania, Mu- 
seum, Philadelphia. 

Wagner Free Institute of Science, 
Philadelphia. 

Wistar Institute of Anatomy and 
Biology, Philadelphia. 

PHILIPPINE ISLANDS: 

Bureau of Education, Manila. 
Bureau of Science, Manila. 
Department of Agriculture and 

Natural Resources, Manila. 
Department of Interior, Manila. 

RHODE ISLAND: 

Roger Williams Park Museum , Provi- 
dence. 

SOUTH DAKOTA: 

State School of Mines, Rapid City. 

TENNESSEE: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Nashville. 

TEXAS: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

College Station. 
Baylor University, Waco. 
Scientific Society, San Antonio. 
University of Texas, Austin. 

UTAH: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Logan. 
University of Utah, Salt Lake City. 

VERMONT: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Burlington. 



Geological Survey, Burlington. 

VIRGINIA: 

State Library, Richmond. 
University of Virginia, Charlottes- 
ville. 

WASHINGTON (State of): 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Seattle. 
Mountaineer Club, Seattle. 
Pacific Northwest Bird and Mammal 

Society, Seattle. 
Puget Sound Biological Station, 

Seattle. 
Washington University, Seattle. 
Washington University, Historical 

Society, Seattle. 

WASHINGTON, D.C.: 

American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. 

American Association of Museums. 

American Mining Congress. 

Archaeological Institute of America. 

Carnegie Institution of Washington 
(gift). 

Library of Congress. 

National Academy of Science. 

National Parks Bulletin. 

National Research Council. 

Pan-American Union. 

Science Service. 

Smithsonian Institution. 

Tropical Plant Research Foundation. 

United States Government. 

United States National Museum. 

WEST VIRGINIA: 

Academy of Science, Morgantown. 
Geological Survey, Morgantown. 
State Department of Agriculture, 

Charleston. 
West Virginia University, Morgan- 
town. 

WISCONSIN: 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Madison. 

Beloit College, Beloit. 

Logan Museum, Beloit. 

Public Museum of Milwaukee. 

State Horticultural Society, Madi- 
son. 

University of Wisconsin, Madison. 

Wisconsin Academy of Arts, Sciences 
and Letters, Madison. 

Wisconsin Archaeological Society, 
Madison. 

WYOMING: 

Wyoming University, Laramie. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



197 



INDIVIDUALS 

(Accessions are by gift unless otherwise designated) 



Aldrich, J. M., Washington, D.C. 
Allen, T. George, Chicago. 
Ames, Oakes, Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. 

Baker, Frank C, Urbana, Illinois. 

Barnes, R. Magoon, Lacon, Illinois. 

Bassler, R. S., Washington, D.C. 

Beaux, Oscar de, Geneva, Switzerland 
(exchange). 

Bennett, Neville, London, England. 

Birkel, Emil, Stavanger, Norway (ex- 
change). 

Blake, S. F., Washington, D.C. (ex- 
change). 

Boas, Franz, New York (exchange). 

Boerschmann, Ernst. 

Bokor, Michael, Chicago. 

Borden, John, Chicago. 

Borodin, Nichols, Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Braschi Silvio, A., Caracas, Venezuela. 

Brown, Charles E., Madison, Wiscon- 
sin (exchange). 

Buscaloni, Luigi, Bologna, Italy (ex- 
change). 

Cockerell, T. D. A., Boulder, Colorado 

(exchange). 
Codazzi, Ricardo L., Bogota, Colombia 

(exchange). 
Cook, Harold J., Agate, Colorado. 
Coolidge, Harold J., Jr., Cambridge, 

Massachusetts. 
Crane, Cornelius V., Chicago. 

Dickey, Donald R., Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia (exchange). 

Dohmen, U. A., Chicago. 

Domin, Karel, Prague, Czechoslovakia 
(exchange). 

Emerson, Alfred E., Chicago. 

Farley, M. F., Foochow, China (ex- 
change). 
Farwell, Oliver A., Detroit, Michigan. 
Field, Henry, Chicago. 
Field, Stanley, Chicago. 
Frankfort, H., London, England. 
Friedlander und Sohn, Berlin, Germany. 

Garvin, Mr. and Mrs. Francis P., 
Roslyn, Illinois. 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago. 

Gillette, G. F., Boston, Massachusetts. 

Gladwin, Harold S., Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia. 

Gleerup, C. W. K., Lund, Sweden. 



Hartert, Ernst, Berlin, Germany (ex- 
change). 

Herter, Guillermo, Montevideo, Uru- 
_ guay. 

Hicken, C. M., Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(exchange). 

Hinsdale, Wilfert D., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan (gift). 

Hobbs, William H., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan. 

Hubbs, Carl L., Ann Arbor, Michigan 
(exchange). 

Hungerford, H. B., Lawrence, Kansas. 

Jijon y Camaanano, J., Quito, Ecuador. 
Jillson, Willard R., Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky. 
Jones, David T., Marietta, Ohio. 
Judd, Neil M., Washington, D.C. (ex- 
change). 

Kellogg, John P., Chicago. 
Kenyon, A. S. 

Kinghorn, J. R., Sydney, Australia. 
Krenner, Josef, Budapest, Hungary. 
Kukenthal, Willy, Coburg, Germany. 

Lahille, F., Buenos Aires, Argentina. 

Landis, D. H., Windom, England. 

Langdon, Stephen, Oxford, England. 

Laufer, Berthold, Chicago. 

Lewis, A. B., Chicago. 

Love, Charles A., Aurora, Illinois. 

Meek, Alexander, Durham, England. 

Mertens, Robert, Frankfort on the 
Main, Germany. 

Mexia, Ynes, Berkeley, California. 

Meylan, O., Geneva, Switzerland. 

Moorehead, Warren, Andover, Massa- 
chusetts (exchange). 

Morrison, J. P. E., Madison, Wisconsin. 

Miiller, Lorenz, Munich, Germany (ex- 
change). 

Nichols, H. W., Chicago. 

Oliveira, Euzebio Paulo de, Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil. 

Osgood, Wilfred H., Chicago. 

Outes, Felix F., Buenos Aires, Argen- 
tina. 

Penrose, R. A. F., Jr., Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania (exchange). 

Peters, James L., Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts (exchange). 

Peterson, O. A., Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania (exchange). 

Pittier, Henry, Caracas, Venezuela (ex- 
change). 



198 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Pollock, James B., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan. 

Pospisil, Frantisek, Briinn, Austria. 

Prater, S. EL, Bombay, India. 

Proctor, William, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Prout, A. E., London, England. 

Putnam, Edward R., Davenport, Iowa. 

Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago. 

Rivet, Paul, Paris, France (exchange). 

Roberts, George, Lake Forest, Illinois. 

Roddy, H. Justin, Lancaster, England. 

Roth, Walter E., Christianburg, Sweden 
(exchange). 

Rusconi, Carlos, Buenos Aires, Argen- 
tina. 

St. John, Harold, Seattle, Washington. 

Schinz, Hans, Zurich, Switzerland (ex- 
change). 

Schlaginhaufen, Otto, Zurich, Switzer- 
land (exchange). 

Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago. 

Schuller, Rudolph, San Jose, Costa Rica. 

Sergi, Giuseppe, Rome, Italy (ex- 
change). 

Sherff, Earl E., Chicago. 

Simms, Stephen C, Chicago. 



Staley, Forest H., St. Louis, Missouri. 
Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 
Strand, Embrik, St. Riga, U.S.S.R. 
Sushkin, Alexander, Detroit, Michigan. 

Talbot, G. 

Tanaka, Shigeho, Tokyo, Japan (ex- 
change). 

Thalbitzer, W., Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Thelen, Rolf, Madison, Wisconsin. 

Thompson, J. Eric, Chicago. 

Todd, W. E. Clyde, Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania (exchange). 

Voborsky, Josef K., Chicago. 

Walsh, George B., Scarborough, Eng- 
land (exchange). 

Watson, Elba E., East Lansing, Michi- 
gan. 

Weeks, A. G., Jr., Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Winsor, Henry, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Wood, F. E., Chicago. 

Zimanyi, Karl, Budapest, Hungary (ex- 
change). 
Zimmer, John T., Chicago. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 199 

ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION 



STATE OF ILLINOIS 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State 

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: 

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, A.D. 1893, for the 
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved 
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy 
of which certificate is hereto attached. 

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of 
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify 
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized 
Corporation under the laws of this State. 

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the 
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September, 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the 
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth. 

W. H. HINRICHSEN, 
[Seal] Secretary of State. 



TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN, 

Secretary of State: 
Sir: 

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor- 
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled 
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts 
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby 
state as follows, to- wit: 

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF 
CHICAGO." 

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis- 
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus- 
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History. 

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of 
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year. 

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the 
first year of its corporate existence: 

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis, 
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock, 
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin 
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus. 

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook, 
and State of Illinois. 

(Signed) 

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert 
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer 



200 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 

Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H. 
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H. 
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers, 
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg, 
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A. 
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole, 
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C. 
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C. 
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes, 
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman, 
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker, 
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams, 
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour. 



State of Illinois 

~ > ss. 

Cook County 



) 



I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby 
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and 
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and 
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth. 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893. 

G. R. MITCHELL, 
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III. 



CHANGE OF NAME 



Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was 
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was 
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE OF NAME 



Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held 
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN 
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. 
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the 
Secretary of State for Illinois. 



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3 

Pursuant to a resolution at a meeting of the corporate members held the 
10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who 
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may 
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21, 
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 201 



AMENDED BY-LAWS 



JANUARY 1930 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Section 1. Members shall be of eleven classes, Corporate Members, Hon- 
orary Members, Patrons, Benefactors, Fellows, Life Members, Non-Resident 
Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident Associate Life Members, 
Sustaining Members, and Annual Members. 

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in 
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from 
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in 
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these 
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within 
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars 
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or 
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said 
Corporate Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the 
annual meeting of the Board of Trustees is held. 

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among 
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous 
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues. 

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of 
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser- 
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their 
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members. 

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred 
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds 
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum. 

Section 6. Any person contributing the sum of Five Thousand Dollars 
($5,000.00) in cash or securities to the funds of the Museum, may be elected 
a Fellow of the Museum, who after being so elected shall have the right in 
perpetuity to appoint the successor in said Fellowship. 

Section 7. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred 
Dollars ($500.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, 
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall 
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem- 
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from 
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars 
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become 
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt 
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum 
that are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum 
of One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous 
vote of the Board, become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be 
entitled to: tickets admitting member and members of family, including non- 
resident home guests; all publications of the Museum, if so desired; reserved 
seats for all lectures and entertainments under the auspices of the Museum, pro- 
vided reservation is requested in advance; and admission of holder of member- 
ship and accompanying party to all special exhibits and Museum functions day 
or evening. Any person residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, 
paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall, 
upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become a Non-Resident Associate Life 



202 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Member. Non-Resident Associate Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, 
and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded 
to Associate Members. 

Section' 9. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars (S25.00), payable within thirty 
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual 
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for 
the member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such 
other Museum documents or publications as may be requested in writing. When 
a Sustaining Member has paid the annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such mem- 
ber shall be entitled to become an Associate Member. 

Section* 10. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected 
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who 
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after 
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the member 
to a card of admission for the member and family during all hours when the 
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the member and family 
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle 
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every Museum of 
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co- 
operative interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including 
tickets for any lectures given under the auspices of any of the Museums during a 
visit to the cities in which the cooperative museums are located. 

Section* 11. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall 
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest 
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of 
Trustees may order. 

ARTICLE II 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Section* 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members. 
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here- 
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board 
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the 
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a 
majority vote of the members of the Board present. 

Section* 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon- 
day of each month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President, 
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees. 
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the 
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet- 
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed, 
previous to the next regular meeting. 

Section* 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of 
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary. 

ARTICLE III 

honorary trustees 

Section* 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed 
for the Institution, those Trustees who by reason of inability, on account of 
change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer 
in such capacity shall resign their place upon the Board, may be elected, by a 
majority of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary 
Trustee for life. Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings 
of the Board of Trustees, whether regular or special, and will be expected to be 
present at all such meetings and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an 
Honorary Trustee shaU not have the right to vote. 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 203 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secre- 
tary and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees, 
a majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President, 
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi- 
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The 
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January 
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting. 

Section* 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular 
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members 
of the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting. 

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain 
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or 
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees. 

ARTICLE V 

THE TREASURER 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo- 
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon 
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the 
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman 
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may 
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance 
Committee. 

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor- 
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to 
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect 
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due. and pay 
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company 
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to 
the joint order of the following officers, namely The President or one of the 
Vice-Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the 
Finance Committee of the Museum. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such 
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus- 
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund. 
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director 
and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director, 
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the 
absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice- 
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee. 

ARTICLE VI 

the director 

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum, 
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im- 
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations 
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its 
Committees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication be- 
tween the Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance 
force. 

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum — 
Anthropology, Botany, Geology and Zoology; each under the charge of a 



204 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 

Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Curators shall be ap- 
pointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall 
serve during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the 
scientific Departments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon 
the recommendation of the Curators of the respective Departments. The 
Director shall have authority to employ and remove all other employees of the 
Museum. 

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular 
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At 
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing 
the work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in 
pamphlet form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free 
distribution in such number as the Board may direct. 

ARTICLE VII 

AUDITOR 

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, set- 
ting forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the 
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times 
as may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all 
bills rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation. 

ARTICLE VIII 

committees 

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building, 
Auditing, Pension and Executive. 

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of five members, the 
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the 
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four 
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and 
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali- 
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate 
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are 
named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be Chair- 
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice- 
Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event 
of the absence or disability of the Chairman. 

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the 
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building 
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the 
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by 
ballot at the Annual Meeting. 

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com- 
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum. 
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of 
the regular elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com- 
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may 
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee. 

Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the 
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such 
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell, 
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board. 

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con- 
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for 
Museum purposes. 

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time 
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested 



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 205 

to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting 
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular 
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of 
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting 
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make 
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine 
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the 
Board, the expenditures as stated are authorized. 

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac- 
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall 
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi- 
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm 
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall 
have taken place. 

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and 
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what 
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings 
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees. 

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and 
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board. 

Section 11. The President shall be ex~officio a member of all Committees 
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com- 
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board. 

ARTICLE IX 

NOMINATING COMMITTEE 

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi- 
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make 
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Commit- 
tee, the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three mem- 
bers of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted 
at the ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual 
Meeting in January. 

ARTICLE X 

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of 
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum 
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in 
Btudy collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books, 
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa- 
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture 
courses, and all scientific and maintenance activities. 

Section 2. These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting of the 
Board of Trustees by a two-thirds vote of all the members present, provided 
the amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting. 



206 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



FOUNDER 

*Marshall Field 

BENEFACTORS 
Those who have contributed $1 00,000 or more to the Museum 



*Ayer, Edward E. 

Buckingham, Miss Kate S. 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, Richard T. 



Jr. 



♦Field, Joseph N. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 



Harris, Albert W 
♦Harris, Norman W 
♦Higinbotham, Harlow N. 

Kelley, William V. 
♦Pullman, George M. 

Raymond, Mrs Anna Louise 
♦Raymond, James Nelson 

Simpson, James 
♦Sturges, Mrs. Mary D. 



Graham, Ernest R. 

♦Deceased 

HONORARY MEMBERS 
Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E. 
Breasted, Professor James H. 
Chalmers, William J. 



Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf Adolf 
Crown Prince of Sweden 



McCormick, Stanley 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 
Rosenwald. Julius 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Deceased, 1929 

Rosenwald, Mrs. Augusta N. 

PATRONS 

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 



Crane, Charles R. 
Crane, Richard T., Jr 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Kelley, William V. 

Keep, Chauncey 



Armour, Allison V. 

Borland, Mrs. John Jay 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Crane 
Cherrie, George K. 
Coats, John 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Faunthorpe, J. C. 
Field, Mrs. Evelyn 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Insull, Samuel 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 



Knight, Charles R. 
Kunz, George F. 

Langdon, Professor Stephen 

Markham, Charles H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 
Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Strong, Walter A. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 
White, Howard J. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



207 



CORPORATE MEMBERS 



Armour, Allison V. 

Borden, John 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Crane 
Chalmers, W. J. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Coats, John 
Collins, Alfred M. 

CONOVER, BOARDMAN 

Crane, Richard T., Jr. 
Cummings, Mrs. Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Eastman, Sidney C. 
Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Faunthorpe, Colonel J. C. 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Mrs. Evelyn 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 
Insull, Samuel 



Kelley, William V. 
Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 
Kunz, George F. 

Langdon, Professor Stephen 

McCormick, Cyrus H. 
Markham, Charles H. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Richardson, George A. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simms, Stephen C. 
Simpson, James 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Strong, Walter A. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 
White, Howard J. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 



Deceased, 1929 

Keep, Chauncey 
Stone, Melville E. 



208 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



LIFE MEMBERS 
Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 



Abbott, John Jay 
Abbott, Robert S. 
Adler, Max 
Aldis, Arthur T. 
Alexander, William A. 
Allerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Ames, Knowlton L. 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Lester 
Austrian, Alfred S. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Frederick R. 

Bacon, Edward Richardson, Jr. 

Banks, Alexander F. 

Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 

Barrett, Robert L. 

Bartlett, Miss Florence Dibell 

Bassford, Lowell C. 

Baur, Mrs. Jacob 

Bevdix, Vincent 

Bensabott. R. 

Bermingham, Edward J. 

Billings, C. K. G. 

Billings, Dr. Frank 

Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 

Blair, Chauncey B. 

Blair, Henry A. 

Blair, Mrs. Watson F. 

Block, L. E. 

Block, Philip D. 

Booth, W. Vernon 

Borden, John 

Borden, Mrs. Waller 

Borland, Chauncey B. 

Brewster, Walter S. 

Brown, Charles Edward 

Buchanan, D. W. 

Budd, Britton I. 

buffington, eugene j. 

Burnham, John 

Burt, William G. 

Butler, Julius W. 

Butler, Rush C. 

Byram, Harry E. 

Carpenter, Augustus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 



Carr, Robert F. 
Carton, L. A. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chalmers, William J. 
Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Chandler, Reuben G. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clark, Eugene B. 
Clay, John 

Clegg, Mrs. Henry G. 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Clinch, R. Floyd 
Clow, William E. 

CONOVER, BOARDMAN 

Copley, Ira Cliff (N.R.) 
Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cramer, E. W. 
Cramer, Mrs. Katharine S. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crane, Richard T., Jr. 
Crossett, Edward C 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cummings, D. Mark 
Cunningham, Frank S. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Cushing, Charles G. 
Cutten, Arthur W. 

Dau, J. J. 

Davies, Mrs. D. C. 
Davis, Livingston (N.R.) 
Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Dawes, Rufus C. 
Day, Albert M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
DeWolf, Wallace L. 
Dick, Albert Blake 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, George W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 






Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



209 



Douglas, James H. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Drake, Tracy C. 
Dreyfus, Moise 

Eckhart, B. A. 
Eckstein, Louis 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
Ellis, Ralph, Jr. (N.R.) 
Everitt, George B. 
Ewing, Charles Hull 

Farnum, Henry W. 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farrington, Dr. Oliver C. 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Farwell, Francis C. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Felt, Dorr E. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Calvin 
Ferguson, Louis A. 
Fernald, Charles 
Ferry, Mrs. Abby Farwell 
Field, Joseph Nash, II 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Field, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Fleming, John C. 
Florsheim, Milton S. 
Forgan, David R. 
Fyffe, Colin C. H. 

Gardner, Paul E. 
Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, A. F. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. John W. 
Getz, George F. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glessner, John J. 
Glore, Charles F. 

GODDARD, LEROY A. 

Goodman, William O. 
Goodrich, A. W. 
Goodspeed, Charles B. 
Gowing, J. Parker 
Graham, Ernest R. 
Griffiths, John 
Griscom, Clement A. 



Hack, Frederick C 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Haskell, Frederick T. 
Hastings, Samuel M. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A., Jr. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hinkley, James Otis 
Hippach, Louis A. 
Hixon, Frank P. 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hurley, Edward N. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth Ayer 
Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Mrs. Arthur B. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 
Jones, Thomas D. 

Keller, Theodore C. 
Kelley, Mrs. Daphne Field 
Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelley, William V. 
Kelly, D. F. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, Francis 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe 
Knickerbocker, Charles K. 
Kuppenheimer, Louis B. 

Lamont, Robert P. 

Landon, Mrs. Jessie Spalding 

(N.R.) 
Legge, Alexander 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 



210 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Levy, Mrs. David M. 
Linn, W. R. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lord, John B. 
Lowden, Frank O. 
Lytton, George 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charles H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
MacVeagh, Franklin 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mark, Clayton 
Markham, Charles H. 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Mason, William S. 
McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus, Jr. 
McCormick, Mrs. Edith 

Rockefeller 
McCormick, Harold F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
McIlvaine, William B. 
McInnerney, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McKinlock, George A. 
McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLaughlin, George D. 
McLennan, D. R. 
McLennan, Hugh 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Miner, W. H. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H., Jr. 
Morton, Joy 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Murphy, Walter P. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

O'Brien, John J. 
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 



Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patten, Mrs. James A. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payne, John Barton 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Augustus S. 
Peabody, Stuyvesant 
Perkins, Herbert F. 
Pick, Albert 
Piez, Charles 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Frank W. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 
Porter, H. H. 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Raymond, Mrs. James Nelson 
Rea, Mrs. Robert L. 
Revell, Alexander H. 
Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Ripley, Robert H. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine Field 
Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Rosenwald, Julius 
Rosenwald, Lessing J. (N.R.) 
Rosenwald, William 
runnells, clive 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Carrie H. 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Fred W. 
Schweppe, Charles H. 
Scott, Frank Hamline 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Scott, John W. 
Seabury, Charles W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, James 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Soper, James P. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



211 



Spalding, Keith 

Spalding, Vaughan C. 

Spaulding, Mrs. Howard H., Jr. 

Sprague, Albert A. 

Stern, Mrs. Alfred K. 

Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. (N.R.) 

Stevens, Charles A. 

Stevens, Eugene M. 

Stewart, Robert W. 

Stirton, Robert C. 

Storey, W. B. 

Stuart, H. L. 

Stuart, John 

Stuart, R. Douglas 

Strawn, Silas H. 

Studebaker, Clement, Jr. 

Sturges, George 

Sunny, B. E. 

Swift, Charles H. 

Swift, Edward F. 

Swift, G. F., Jr. 

Swift, Harold H. 

Swift, Louis F. 

Thorne, Charles H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Traylor, Melvin A. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

UraLEiN, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 



Brannan, George E. 
Brown, William L. 

Carry, Edward F. 

Defrees, Joseph H. 
Donnelley, Reuben H. 
Keep, Chauncey 

Martin, William P. 



Valentine, Louis L. 
Veatch, George L. 
Vernay, Arthur S. (N.R.) 
Viles, Lawrence M. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Warner, Ezra Joseph 
Weber, David 
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P. 
Welling, John P. 
Wetmore, Frank O. 
Wheeler, Charles P. 
White, F. Edson 
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward 1 
Wieboldt, William A. 

WlLLARD, ALONZO J. 

Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P., Jr. 
Wilson, Oliver T. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wilson, Walter H. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 
Wrigley, William, Jr. 

Yates, David M. 



Deceaskd, 1929 

Oakley, Horace S. 

Pierce, Charles I. 

Runnells, John S. 

Stout, Frank D. 
Sullivan, Mrs. Roger C. 

Wacker, Charles H. 



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum 



Aaron, Charles 
Abbott, Donald P., Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, W. R. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abrams, Professor Duff A. 



Ackerman, Charles N. 
Acomb, Jesse P. 
Adamick, Gustav H. 
Adams, Benjamin Stearns 
Adams, Mrs. Frances Sprogle 
Adams, John Q. 



212 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Adams, Joseph 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, William C. 
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie 
Addlema.v, Samuel W. 
Ad lee, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Albee, Mrs. Harry W. 
Allbright, Willlam B. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Alling, Mrs. C. A. 
Alling, Charles 
Alling, Mrs. Van Wagenen 
Almes, Dr. Herman E. 
Alsberg. Lewis 
Alschuler, Alfred S. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Anderson", Arthur 
Andrews. Alfred B. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Annan, Mrs. Miriam Ormsby 
Anstiss, George P. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, C. A. 
Armour. Philip D. 
Armstrong, Arthur W. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Frank H. 
Arn, W. G. 
Arnold, Willlam G. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ash by. W. B. 

ASHENHUEST, HAROLD S. 

Asher, Louis E. 

Atwater, Walter Hull 

Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 

Austin, Henry W. 

Austin, Dr. Margaret Howard 

Avery. Miss Clara 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babson, Fred K. 
Babson, Henry B. 
Each, Julius H. 
Bachmann, Dr. Harrold A. 

: ' . ' .''IN K. 

Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bagge, Christian U. 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 



Baker, Frank H. 

Baldwin. Vincent Cuetis 

Balgemann, Otto W. 

Balkin, Louis 

Ball, De. Fred E. 

Ball, Mrs. Robert G. 

Ball, Sidney Y. 

Ballard, Thomas L. 

Ballenberg, Adolph G. 

Barbour, Harry A. 

Barbour, James J. 

Barley, Miss Matilda A. 

Barnes, Cecil 

Barnes, Jambs M. 

Barnes, Miss Muriel 

Barnett, Otto R. 

Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 

Barnhart, Mrs. Clare S. 

Barnhart, Miss Gracia M. F. 

B.arr, Mrs. Alfred H. 

Bartelme, John H. 

Bartholomae, Mrs. Emma 

Baetholomay, F. H. 

Bartholomay, Henry 

Bartholomay, Mrs. William, Jr. 

Bartlett, Frederic C. 

Bass, John F. 

Bass, Mrs. Perkins 

Bastian, Charles L. 

Batsman, Floyd L. 

Bates, Mrs. A. M. 

Bates, Joseph A. 

Battey, P. L. 

Bauer, A. 

Baum, Mrs. James 

Baum, Mervyn 

Baumgarten, C. 

Bausch, William C. 

Beach, Miss Bess K. 

Beachy, Mrs. P. A. 

Beatty, H. W. 

Beck, Herbert 

Becker, Benjamin F. 

Becker, Benjamin V. 

Becker, Frederick G. 

Becker, H. T. 

Becker. James H. 

Becker, Leon V. 

Becker, Louis 

Behr, Mrs. Edith 

Beidler, Francis, II 

Bell, Mrs. Laird 

Bell, Lionel A. 

Bellinghausen, Miss C. 

Bender, C. J. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



213 



Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bensinger, Benjamin E. 
Benson, John 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berndt, Dr. George W. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Berryman, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bichl. Thomas A. 
Bid well. Charles W. 
Bigler, Mrs. Aleert J. 
Billow, Elmer E. 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, George H. 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Birkholz, Hans E. 
Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Black, Dr. Arthur D. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Edward T. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank Wicks 
Blatchford, N. H., Sr. 
Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Bletsch, William E. 
Blish, Sylvester 
Bliss, Miss Amelia If. 
Block, Emanuel J. 
Blome, Rudolph S. 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Boal, Ayres 
Bodman, Mrs. Luther 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Bohn, Mrs. Bertha Bowlby 
Bolten, Paul H. 
Bolter, Joseph C. 



BONDY, BERTHOLD 

Boomer. Dr. Paul C. 

Boorn, William C. 

Booth, Alfred 

Booth, George E. 

Borg, George W. 

Borland, Mrs. Bruce 

Born, Moses 

Bosch, Charles 

Bosch, Mrs. Henry 

Both, William C. 

Botts, Graeme G. 

Bousa, Dr. B. 

Bowen, Mrs. Louise DeKoyen 

Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 

Bowman, Johnston A. 

Boyack, Harry 

Boyd, Thomas M. 

Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 

Eoyden, Miss Rosalie S. 

Boyden, Mrs. William C, Jr. 

Boynton, Mrs. C. T. 

BOYNTON. F. P. 

Brach. Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie Blair 

HlGINBOTHAM 

Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble. Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolph 
Brandes. A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brauer. Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge. Professor S. P. 
Bremer, H.arry A. 
Bremner, Mrs. David F. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Bbennan, Bernard G. 
Brewer, Mrs. An ge line L. 
Bridge, George S. 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Brigham, Miss F. M. 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock. A. J. 

Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. W. 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Ch.arles A. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown. Dr. Edward M. 



214 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Brown, George D. 
Brown, Mrs. George Dewes 
Brown, Mrs. Henry Temple 
Brown, John T. 
Brown, Scott 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Mrs. Lillian B. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Buehler, Carl 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
Buffington, Mrs. M. A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bullock, Carl C. 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta Dewes 
Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burnham, Mrs. E. 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrows, Mrs. W. F. 
Burry, Mrs. William 
Burtch, Almon 
Burton, Mrs. Ernest D. 
Busby, Leonard A. 
Bush, David D. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, John 
Butler, J. Fred 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Robert O. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Buzzell, Edgar A. 
Byfield. Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cable, J. E. 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caldwell, C. D. 
Caldwell, Mrs. F. C. 



Caldwell, J. T. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, John M. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George S. 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, J. C. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Cary, Dr. Eugene 
Case, Elmer G. 
Casey, Mrs. James J. 
Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Cates, Dudley 
Cernoch, Frank 
Chadwick, Charles H. 
Chamberlin, George W. 
Chapin, Henry K. 
Chapin, Homer C. 
Chappell, Mrs. Charles H. 
Chase, Frank D. 
Cheever, Mrs. Arline V. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Chisholm, George D. 
Chislett, Dr. H. R. 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Miss Dorothy S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Dr. Peter S. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Fred L. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clarke, Henry 
Cleary, John J., Jr. 
Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



215 



Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, F. J. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Coburn, Mrs. Lewis L. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Colburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Coleman, Adelbert E. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W., Jr. 
Coleman, Seymour 
Coleman, William Ogden 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, William M. 
Collis, Harry J. 
Colvin, Mrs. W. H., Sr. 
Col well, Clyde C. 
Combes, Mrs. Dora F. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, F. H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
Cooke, Charles E. 
Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, George Anderson 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. C. 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, J. S. 
Coonley, John Stuart, Jr. 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Corey, Chester 
Cormack, Charles V. 
Cornell, John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 

COUNSELMAN, MRS. JENNIE E. 

Cowdery, Edward G. 

Cox, Mrs. Howard M. 

Cox, James A. 

Cox, James C. 

Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 

Cragg, George L. 

Crane, Charles R. 



Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, George O. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette Clara 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 

CULBERTSON, DR. CAREY 

Cunningham, Mrs. Howard J. 
Cunningham, John T. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Augustus D. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Curtis, John F. L. 
Cusack, Harold 
Cushing, John F. 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutting, Charles S. 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 

Daily, Richard 

Dakin, Dr. Frank C. 

D'Ancona, Edward N. 

Danforth, Dr. William C. 

Daniels, H. L. 

Dantzig, M. 

Darrow, William W. 

Dashiell, C. R. 

Davey, Mrs. Bruce C. 

David, Dr. Vernon C. 

Davidonis, Dr. Alexander L. 

Davies, Marshall 

Davies, Warren T. 

Davis, Abel 

Davis, Arthur 

Davis, C. S. 

Davis, Dr. Carl 

Davis, Frank S. 

Davis, Fred M. 

Davis, James 

Davis, James C. 

Davis, Dr. Nathan S., Ill 

Davis, Ralph 

Dawes, E. L. 

Day, Mrs. Winfield S. 

Deagan, John C, Sr. 

Deahl, Uriah S. 

Decker, Charles O. 

DeCosta, Lewis M. 

DeDardel, Carl O. 

Dee, Thomas J. 

Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 

DeGolyer, Robert S. 

DeKoven, Mrs. John 



216 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



DeLang, Theodore O. 
DeLee, Dr. Joseph B. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. C. W. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Dennehy, T. C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Dent, George C. 
Deutsch, Joseph 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
Deutsch, Samuel 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dewes, Edwin P. 
Dewes, Rudolph Peter 
Dewey, Albert B., Sr. 
Dewey, Mrs. Albert B. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 
Dillon, Hester May 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Dixon, William Warren 
Dobson, George 
Doctor, Isidor 
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur, Sr. 
Donahue, William J. 
Donker, Mrs. William 
Donlon, Mrs. S. E. 
Donnelley, Miss Eleanor 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelley, Mrs. R. R. 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Doud, Mrs. Levi B. 
Douglass, W. A. 
Dreiske, George J. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 



Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durand, Scott S. 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 
Dux, Joseph G. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Eastman, R. M. 
Ebeling, Frederic 0. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, H. G. 
Eddy, Mrs. Arthur J. 
Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Egan, W. B. 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eiger, Oscar S. 
Eiselen, Frederick Carl 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 

ElSENDRATH, ROBERT M. 

Eisendrath, Mrs. William N. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eitel, Max 
Elcock, Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
Ellbogen, Albert L. 
Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Engel, E. J. 

Engelhard, Benjamin M. 
Engwall, John F. 
Epstein, Max 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericson, Melvin B. 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, H. 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. DAvro 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Hon. Evan A. 
Evans, Mrs. Albert Thomas 
Ewen, William R. T. 
Ewell, C. D. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



217 



Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fahrenwald, Frank A. 
Fahrney, Ezra C. 
Fahrney, Emery H. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farr, Newton Camp 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry, Sr. 
Faurot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feigenheimer, Herman 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, W. K. 
Felton, S. M. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Ferguson, Charles W. 
Fernald, Robert W. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filer, August 
Finley, Max H. 
Finn, Joseph M. 
Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Isaac 

Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward Metcalf 
Fisher, Hon. Harry M. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John£A. 
Flavin, Edwin F., Sr. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Flexner, Washington 
Florian, Mrs. Paul A., Jr. 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. G. E. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Foote, Peter 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Foreman, Henry G. 
Foreman, Oscar G. 
Foresman, Mrs. W. Coates 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 



Forgan, Robert D. 

Forman, Charles 

Forstall, James J. 

Fortune, Miss Joanna 

Foster, Stephen A. 

Foster, Volney 

Foster, Mrs. William C 

Fox, Charles E. 

Fox, Jacob Logan 

Fox, Dr. Paul C. 

Frank, Dr. Ira 

Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 

Frankenstein, Rudolph 

Frankenstein, W. B. 

Frankenthal, Dr. Lester E., Jr. 

Freedman, Dr. I. Val 

Freeman, Charles Y. 

Freeman, Walter W. 

Freer, Archibald E. 

Frenier, A. B. 

Freund, Charles E. 

Freund, I. H. 

Freudenthal, G. S. 

Frey, Charles Daniel 

Freyn, Henry J. 

Fridstein, Meyer 

Friedlander, Jacob 

Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 

Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 

Friedman, Oscar J. 

Friestedt, Arthur A. 

Frisbie, Chauncey O. 

Frost, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Charles 

Fuller, Mrs. Greeta Patterson 

Fuller, Judson M. 

Fuller, Leroy W. 

Furry, William S. 

Furst, Eduard A. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel, Charles 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Whittier 
Gale, Henry G. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Vincent G. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Galt, Mrs. A. T. 
Galvin, Wm. A. 
Gann, David B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garard, Elzy A. 
Garcia, Jose 



218 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardner, Addison L., Sr. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garner, Harry J. 
Gary, Fred Elbert 
Gately, Ralph M. 
Gates, Philetus W. 
Gatzert, August 
Gawne, Miss Clara J. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gaylord, Duane W. 
Gehl, Dr. William H. 
Gehrmann, Felix 
George, Fred W. 
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo 
Gerts, Walter S. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gheen, Miss Marian H. 
Gibbons, John W. 
Gibbs, Dr. John Phillip 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Giffert, Mrs. William 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Giles, Carl C. 
Gillman, Morris 
Gillson, Louis K. 
Gilmer, Dr. Thomas L. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glasgow, H. A. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidney D. 
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodkind, Dr. Maurice L. 
Goodman, Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Herbert E. 
Goodman, Jean Ellen 
Goodman, Milton F. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodrow, William 
Goodspeed, Mrs. Wilbur F. 
Goodwin, Hon. Clarence Norton 
Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorham, Sidney Smith 
Gorman, George E. 



Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Goss, Charles O. 
Gottfried, C. M. 

GOTTSCHALK, GUSTAV H. 

Gradle, Dr. Harry S. 
Grady, Dr. Grover Q. 
Graf, Robert J. 
Graff, Oscar G. 
Graham, Douglas 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Alfred 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Gray, Rev. James M. 
Green, Dr. Raphael B. 
Green, Robert D. 
Green, Zola C. 
Greenberg, Andrew H. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene, Carl D. 
Greenebaum, James E. 
Greenebaum, M. E. 
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, James A. 
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Clifford V. 
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Gregson, William L. 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Grey, Howard G. 
Griffith, Enoch L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Grimm, Walter H. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Gross, Mrs. Emily 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. William J. 
Grotowski, Dr. Leon 
Grulee, Lowry K. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Gulbransen, Axel G. 
Gulick, John H. 
Gundlach, Ernest T. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Haas, Dr. Raoul 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 






Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



219 



Hagen, Mrs. Daise 

Hagen, Fred J. 

Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 

Haggard, John D. 

Hagner, Fred L. 

Haight, George I. 

Hair, T. R. 

Hajicek, Rudolph F. 

Haldeman, Walter S. 

Hale, Mrs. Samuel 

Hale, William B. 

Hall, David W. 

Hall, Edward B. 

Hall, Mrs. J. B. 

Hallmann, August F. 

Hallmann, Herman F. 

Halperin, Aaron 

Hamill, Charles H. 

Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 

Hamill, Robert W. 

Hamilton, Thomas B. 

Hamlin, Paul D. 

Hamm, Edward F. 

Hammerschmidt, Mrs. George F. 

Hammitt, Miss Frances M. 

Hanley, Henry L. 

Hansen, Mrs. Carl 

Hansen, Jacob W. 

Harbison, L. C 

Harder, John H. 

Hardie, George F. 

Hardin, John H. 

Harding, G. F. 

Harding, John Cowden 

Harding, Richard T. 

Hardinge, Franklin 

Harper, Alfred C. 

Harris, David J. 

Harris, Gordon L. 

Harris, H. B. 

Harris, Miss Martha E. 

Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 

Hart, William N. 

Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 

Hartwell, Fred G. 

Hartwig, Otto J. 

Harvey, Hillman H. 

Harvey, Richard M. 

Harwood, Thomas W. 

Haskell, Mrs. George E. 

Haugan, Charles M. 

Haugan, Oscar H. 

Havens, Samuel M. 

Hayes, Charles M. 

Hayes, Harold C. 



Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Healy, Mrs. Marquette A. 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heberlein, Miss Amanda F. 
Heck, John 
Heckendorf, R. A. 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 
Henderson, Dr. Elmer E. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. Abraham J. 
Henry, Otto 

Henshaw, Mrs. Raymond S. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herrick, W. D. 
Herron, James C. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Hess, Mrs. Charles Wilbur 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Heyworth, Mrs. James O. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higgins, John W. 

HlGINBOTHAM, HARLOW D. 

Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 

HlLDEBRAND, EUGENE, JR. 

Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. Lysander 
Hill, William E. 
hlllbrecht, herbert e. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillis, Dr. David S. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hindman, Colonel Biscoe 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 



220 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hinton, E. W. 
Hird, Frederick H. 
Hirsch, Henry H. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Hiscox, Morton 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hixon, Robert 
Hoelscher, Herman M. 
Hoffman, Glen T. 
Hoffmann, Miss Caroline 

Dickinson 
Hoffmann, Edward Hempstead 
Hogan, Frank 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Hollis, Henry L. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Honnold, Dr. Fred C. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Frank K. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Horan, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William W. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. Maurice L., Jr. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hosmer, Philip 
hottinger, adolph 
houghteling, mlss harriot p. 
Howard, Harold A. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Arthur 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 
Howes, Frank W. 
Howse, Richard 



Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hoyt, Frederick T. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Mrs. H. Newton 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Hudson, William E. 
Huey, Mrs. Arthur S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hultgen, Dr. Jacob F. 
Hume, John T. 
Hunter, Samuel M. 
Hurd, N. L. 

Hurley, Edward N., Jr. 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hynes, Rev. J. A. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 

Jackson, Arthur S. 

Jackson, W. J. 

Jacobi, Miss Emily 

Jacobs, Hyman A. 

Jacobs, Julius 

Jacobs, Siegfried T. 

Jacobson, Raphael 

Jaffray, Mrs. David S. f Jr. 

James, Edward P. 

James, William R. 

Janusch, Fred W. 

Jarchow, Charles C. 

Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 

Jefferies, F. L. 

Jeffery, Mrs. Thomas B. 

Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 

Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur Gilbert 

Jenks, R. William Shippen 

Jennings, Ode D. 

Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 

Jetzinger, David 

Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



221 



Jirka, Dr. Robert 

John, Dr. Findley D. 

Johnsen, Charles 

Johnson, Albert M. 

Johnson, Alfred 

Johnson, Alvin O. 

Johnson, Arthur L. 

Johnson, Mrs. Harley Alden 

Johnson, Joseph F. 

Johnson, Nels E. 

Johnson, Olaf B. 

Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 

Johnson, Philip C. 

Johnson, Ulysses G. 

Johnston, Arthur C. 

Johnston, Edward R. 

Johnston, Mrs. Hubert McBean 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 

Johnstone, Dr. A. Ralph 

Johnstone, George A. 

Johnstone, Dr. Mary M. S. 

Jones, Albert G. 

Jones, Fred B. 

Jones, G. H. 

Jones, James B. 

Jones, Melvin 

Jones, Warren G. 

Joseph, Louis L. 

Joy, Guy A. 

Joyce, David G. 

Joyce, Joseph 

Judah, Noble Brandon 

Juergens, H. Paul 

Juergens, William F. 

Julien, Victor R. 

Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 

Kahn, Gus 

Kahn, J. Kesner 

Kahn, Louis 

Kaine, Colonel James B. 

Kalacinski, Mrs. Felix 

Kane, Jerome M. 

Kaplan, Nathan D. 

Karpen, Adolph 

Kaspar, Otto 

Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 

Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 

Kauffmann, Alfred 

Kavanagh, Maurice F. 

Keehn, George W. 

Keehn, Mrs. Theodore C. L. 

Keene, Mrs. Joseph 

Keeney, A. F. 



Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kellogg, Mrs. M. G. 
Kelly, James J. 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Miss Leonore 
Kennelly, Martin H. 
Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Kern, Trude 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kilbourne, L. B. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene Under- 
wood 
Kimbark, John R. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kinney, Mrs. Minnie B. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kircher, Rev. Julius 
Kirchheimer, Max 
Kirkland, Mrs. Weymouth 

KlTTREDGE, R. J. 

Kitzelman, Otto 
Klee, Nathan 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William H., Jr. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Klink, A. F. 
Knutson, G. H. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, William P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 



222 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Kraus, Peter J. 
Krause, John J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. Herman L. 
Kretzinger, George W., Jr. 
Kroehl, Howard 
Krohmer, William F. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krueger, Leopold A. 
Krutckoff, Charles 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhn, Frederick 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 

Lackowski, Frank E. 

Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 

Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 

LaGuske, Mrs. Chester 

Lampert, Mrs. Lydia 

Lamson, W. A. 

Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 

Landry, Alvar A. 

Lane, F. Howard 

Lane, Ray E. 

Lane, Wallace R. 

Langland, James 

Langworthy, Benjamin Franklin 

Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 

Larimer, Howard S. 

Larson, Bror O. 

Lasker, Albert D. 

Lau, Max 

Lauren, Newton B. 

Lauritzen, C. M. 

Lautmann, Herbert M. 

Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 

Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 

Lawson, A. J. 

Lawson, Mrs. Iver N. 

Laylander, O. J. 

Leahy, Thomas F. 

Learned, Edwin J. 

Leavell, James R. 

Lebensohn, Dr. Mayer H. 

Lebolt, John Michael 

Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 

Lefens, Miss Katherine J. 

Lefens, Walter C. 

Lehmann, Miss Augusta E. 

Leichenko, Peter M. 

Leistner, Oscar 

Leland, Miss Alice J. 

LeMoon, A. R. 

Lenz, J. Mayo 



Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leslie, John H. 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Levan, Rev. Thomas F. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, David R. 
Lewis, Fay J. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
Libby, Mrs. C. P. 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 

LlNDENBERG, ALBERT 
LlNDHEIMER, B. F. 

Lindholm, Charles V. 

LlNDQUIST, J. E. 

Lingle, Bowman C. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Llewellyn, Mrs. S. J. 
Lloyd, Edward W. 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loesch, Frank J. 

LOEWENBERG, I. S. 
LOEWENBERG, M. L. 
LOEWENSTEIN, SIDNEY 
LOEWENTHAL, RICHARD J. 

Logan, John I. 
Long, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 
Loucks, Charles O. 

LOUDERBACK, WlLLIAM J., JR. 

Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lownik, Dr. Felix J. 
Lucas, Mrs. Robert M. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



223 



Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Luehr, Dr. Edward 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 

LUSTGARTEN, SAMUEL 

Lutter, Henry J., Sr. 
Lydon, Mrs. William A. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lyford, Will H. 
Lyman, Thomas T. 
Lynne, Mrs. Archibald 
Lyon, Charles H. 
Lyon, Frank R. 
Lyon, Mrs. Thomas R. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacCardle, H. B. 
MacDougal, Mrs. T. W. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLellan, K. F. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magee, Henry W. 
Magill, Henry P. 
Magill, Robert M. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnus, August C. 
Magnus, Edward 
Magwire, Mrs. Mary F. 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Mrs. Babette F. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Frederick 
Mandl, Sidney 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Mannheimer, Mrs. Morton 
Manson, David 
Mansure, Edmund L. 
Marhoefer, Edward H. 
Mark, Anson 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquis, A. N. 
Mars, G. C. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, John P. 



Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Frederick Z. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Willard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey, Peter J. 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matthiessen, Mrs. Peck- 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Mauran, Charles S. 
Maxwell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McClellan, Dr. John H. 
McCluer, W. B. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor H. 
McCormick, Mrs. Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. Chauncey 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, L. Hamilton 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, Robert H., Jr 
McCracken, Miss Willietta 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
McHugh, Mrs. Grover 
McIntosh, Arthur T. 
McIver, Dana T. 
McKay, James M. 
McKeever, Buel 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McLennan, Mrs. John A 
McMillan, Commander John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McNamara, Louis G. 
McNulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McRoberts, Mrs. William 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
Melchione, Joseph 
Merrill, Henry S. 
Merrill, James S. 



224 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Merrill, William W. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Albert 
Meyer, E. F. 
Meyer, Oscar 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyer, William 
Meyercord, G. R. 

MlCKELBERRY, MRS. CHARLES M. 

Midowicz, C. E. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhening, Joseph 
Millard, Frank H. 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, Hyman 
Miller, John S., Jr. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, William E. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Miner, Dr. Carl 
Miner, H. J. 
Mitchell, Charles D. 
Mitchell, Mrs. John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
moderwell, c. m. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moeng, Mrs. Edward D. 
Moffatt, Mrs. Elizabeth M. 
Mohr, Albert 
Mohr, William J. 
Molloy, David J. 
Moltz, Mrs. Alice 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. Albert H. 
Moody, Mrs. William Vaughn 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
Morand, Simon J. 
More, Roland R. 



Morey, Charles W. 
Morf, F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. Kendrick E. 
Morrill, Nahum 
Morris, Edward H. 
Morris, F. C. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. Charles E. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Morten son, Mrs. Jacob 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton, William Morris 
Moses, Howard 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew 
Mowry, Louis C. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 

MUEHLSTEIN, MRS. CHARLES 

Mueller, A. M. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda Jane 
mulholand, william h. 
Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. George H. 

Nadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Nash, Charles J. 
Nason, Albert J. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naugle, Mrs. Archibald 
Neely, Miss Carrie Blair 
Neff, Nettelton 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Edward A. 
Nelson, Frank G. 
Nelson, Murry 
Nelson, Nils A. 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Mrs. Oliver R. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Newhall, R. Frank 
Nichols, George P. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



225 



Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R., Jr. 
Nichols, J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nichols, Warren 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Noble, Orlando 
Noelle, Joseph B. 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcross, Frederic F. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norris, William W. 
Norton, Mrs. O. W. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, David A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum, Mrs. Carl B. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien, Mrs. William 

Vincent, Jr. 
O'Callaghan, Edward 
Odell, William R. 
O'Donnell, Miss Rose 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee, Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 
Olcott, Mrs. Henry G. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oliver, F. S. 
Oliver, Gene G. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olsen, Gustaf 
Omo, Don L. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. Harry D. 
Oppenheimer, Julius 
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H. 
O'Rourke, Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Charles S. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James Augustus 
Otis. Miss Emily H. 
Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Lucius J. 



Otis, R. C. 
Otis, Raymond 
Otis, Stuart H. 
Otis, Mrs. Xavier L. 
Ouska, John A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Pace, J. Madison 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Mrs. Elizabeth J. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page, Mrs. William R. 
Page- Wood, Gerald 
Pagin, Mrs. Frank S. 
Palmer, Percival B. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pam, Hon. Hugo 
Pardrddge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Troy L. 
Parker, Woodruff J. 
Parks, C. R. 

Paschen, Mrs. Annette A. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henry 
Patrick, Miss Catherine 
Patrick, Dr. Hugh T. 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George Albert, Jr. 
Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peet, Fred N. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pelley, John J. 
Peltier, M. F. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Pennington, Lester E. 
Percy, Dr. Nelson Mortimer 
Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perry, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perry, I. Newton 
Peter, William F. 
Peterkin, Daniel 
Peters, Harry A. 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Axel A. 



226 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Peterson, Jurgen 

Petru, E. J. 

Pflaum, A. J. 

Pflock, Dr. John J. 

Phemister, Dr. D. B. 

Phillip, Peter 

Phillips, Montagu Austin (N.R.) 

Picher, Mrs. Oliver S. 

Pick, Albert, Jr. 

Pick, George 

Pierce, J. Norman 

Pierce, Paul 

Piotrowski, Nicholas L. 

Pirie, Mrs. John T. 

Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 

Platt, Henry Russell 

Platt, Mrs. Robert S. 

Plunkett, William H. 

Podell, Mrs. Beatrice Hayes 

Polk, Mrs. Stella F. 

Pollock, Dr. Harry L 

Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W. 

Pond, Irving K. 

Pool, Marvin B. 

Pool, Mrs. W. Cloyd 

Poole, Mrs. Frederick Arthur 

Poole, George A. 

Poor, Fred A. 

Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 

Pope, Frank 

Pope, Henry, Sr. 

Pope, Herbert 

Poppenhagen, Henry 

Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 

Porter, Henry H., Jr. 

Porter, James F. 

porterfield, mrs. john f. 

Post, Frederick, Jr. 

Post, Gordon W. 

Post, Mrs. Philip Sddney 

pottenger, william a. 

Powell, Mrs. Ambrose V. 

Powell, Isaac N. 

Prahl, Frederick A. 

Primley, Walter S. 

Prince, Leonard M. 

Prussing, Mrs. George C. 

Psota, Dr. Frank J. 

Pulver, Hugo 

Purcell, Joseph D. 

Pusey, Dr. William Allen 

Quigley, William J. 
Quinlan, Charles Shepard 
Quinlan, Dr. William W. 



Radau, Hugo 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Randall, Charles P. 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Randle, Guy D. 
Randle, Hanson F. 
Raschke, Dr. E. H. 
Rasmussen, George 
Ray, Colonel Hal S. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin 
Reade, William A. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redington, Mrs. W. H. 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Frederick E. 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Rehm, Frank A. 
Rehm, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reiter, Joseph J. 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, George L. 
Rice, Lawrence A. 
Rich, Edward P. 
Richards, J. Deforest 
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 
Richter, Bruno 
Rickcords, Francis S. 
Ricketts, C. Lindsay 
Riddle, Herbert H. 
Ridgeway, E. 
Ridgway, William 
Riemenschneider, Mrs. J. H. 
Ries, Dr. Emil 
Rieser, Mrs. Herman 
Rietz, Elmer W. 
Rietz, Walter H. 
Rigney, William T. 
Rinaldo, Philip S. 
Ring, Miss Mary E. 
Ripstra, J. Henri 
Rittenhouse, Charles J. 
Roach, Charles 
Roberts, Clark T. 
Roberts, John M. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



227 



Roberts, S. M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William Munsell 
Robertson, William 
Robinson, Mrs. Milton E., Sr. 
Robson, Mrs. Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Rockwell, Harold H. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Roehling, C. E. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Bernard F. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosen, M. R. 

Rosenbaum, Mrs. Edwin S. 
rosenfield, mrs. maurice 
Rosenthal, James 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Thompson 
Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George William 
Rothschild, Maurice L. 
Rothschild, Melville N. 
Rowe, Edgar C. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubel, Dr. Maurice 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubovits, Toby 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. Henry 
Rueckheim, F. W. 
Ruel, John G. 
Russell, Dr. J. W. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Salisbury, Mrs. Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons. Wheeler 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sauter, Leonard J. 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 



Schaffer, Dr. David N. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
schaffner, robert c. 
Scheidenhelm. Edward L. 

SCHERMERHORN, W. I. 

Scheunemann, Robert G. 
Schlake, William 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schmitz, Nicholas J. 
Schmutz, Mrs. Anna 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
Schoellkopf, Henry 
Schram, Harry S. 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman. A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schulze, William 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel J., Jr. 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwarz, Herbert 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
sclanders, mrs. alexander 
Scott, Frank H. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scoville, C. B. 
Seaman, George M. 
Seames, Mrs. Charles 
Sears, J. Alden 
Seaver, A. E. 
Seaverns, George A. 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T, 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. G. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, J. T. 
Seng, V. J. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shambaugh, Dr. George E. 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus R. 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharp, William N. 
Sharpe, N. M. 



228 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Shaw, Alfred P. 

Shaw, Mrs. Howard 

Shaw, Theodore A. 

Sheehy, Edward 

Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 

Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 

Sheridan, Albert D. 

Shields, James Culver 

Shillestad, John N. 

Shire, Moses E. 

Shoan, Nels 

Shockey, Mrs. Willis G. 

Shoup, A. D. 

Shumway, Mrs. Edward DeWitt 

Shumway, P. R. 

Shutz, Albert E. 

Sigman, Leon 

Silander, A. I. 

SlLBERMAN, CHARLES 
SlLBERMAN, DAVID B. 
SlLBERMAN, HUBERT S. 
SlLVERTHORNE, GEO. M. 
SlMONDS, J. P. 
SlMONDS, O. C. 
SlMONEK, DR. B. K. 

Sincere, Benjamin 

Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 

Sinden, Henry P. 

Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 

Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace Powell 

Smith, Mrs. C. R. 

Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 

Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 

Smith, Franklin P. 

Smith, Harold Byron 

Smith, Jens 

Smith, Jesse E. 

Smith, Mrs. Katherine Walker 

Smith, Samuel K. 

Smith, Sidney 

Smith, Mrs. Theodore White 

Smith, Walter Byron 

Smith, Mrs. William A. 

Smith, Z. Erol 

Smullan, Alexander 

Snow, Edgar M. 

Snow, Fred A. 

Socrates, Nicholas 

Solem, Dr. George O. 

Somerville, Robert 

Sonnenschein, Edward 

sonnenschein, hugo 

Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert 

Soper, Henry M. 

Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 



Soravia, Joseph 

Sorensen, James 

Spiegel, Mrs. Mae O. 

Spindler, Oscar 

Spitz, Joel 

Spitz, Leo 

Spitzglass, Mrs. Leonard M. 

Spoor, Mrs. John A. 

Sprague, Dr. John P. 

Springer, Mrs. Samuel 

Squires, John G. 

Stanton, Edgar 

Stanton, Dr. E. M., Sr. 

Stanton, Henry T. 

Steffens, Ralph Sutherland 

Steffey, David R. 

Stein, Benjamin F. 

Stein, Dr. Irving 

Stein, L. Montefiore 

Stein, Samuel M. 

Stein, William D. 

Stephens, W. C. 

Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 

Stern, Alfred Whital 

Stern, David B. 

Stern, Maurice S. 

Stern, Oscar D. 

Stevens, Delmar A. 

Stevens, Edward J. 

Stevens, Elmer T. 

Stevens, Harold L. 

Stevens, James W. 

Stevens, Mrs. James W. 

Stevens, R. G. 

Stevens, Raymond W. 

Stevenson, Dr. Alexander F. 

Stevenson, E. 

Stewart, Miss Agnes N. 

Stewart, Miss Eglantine Daisy 

Stewart, James S. 

Stewart, Miss M. Graeme 

Stirling, Miss Dorothy 

Strandberg, Erik P., Sr. 

Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 

Straus, David 

Straus, Martin L. 

Straus, Melvin L. 

Straus, S. J. T. 

Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 

Strauss, Henry X. 

Street, Mrs. Charles A. 

Strobel, Charles L. 

Stromberg, Charles J. 

Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 

Strong, Edmund H. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



229 



Strong, Walter A. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sturges, Hollister 
Sturges, Solomon 
Sturtevant, Henry D. 
Suekoff, Louis A. 
Sullivan, Hon. John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Sumner, Stephen C. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Swan, Oscar H. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 

SWARTCHILD, EDWARD G. 

Swartchild, William G. 
Swift, Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, John H. 
Tarrant, Robert 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Charles C. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, J. H. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Mrs. W. 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Tenney, Horace Kent 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Edward H. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Charles F. 
Thompson, D. P. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thompson, Mrs. Leverett 
Thompson, Thomas W. 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thorne, James W. 
Thornton, Charles S. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 

TlLDEN, AVERILL 

Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Touchstone, John Henry 
Towle, Leroy C. 



Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. Arthur F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. G. 
Trainer, J. Milton 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Tredwell, John 
Trench, Mrs. Daniel G. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Raymond W. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Dr. B. S. 
Turner, Mrs. Charlton A. 
Turner, Tracy L. 
Tuttle, F. B. 
Tuttle, Henry Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Albert S. 
Tyler, Orson K. 
Tyrrell, Mrs. Percy 

Uhlmann, Fred 
Ullman, Mrs. N. J. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic 

Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDeventer, Christopher 
VanNess, Gardiner B. 
VanSchaick, Gerard 
VanZwoll, Henry B. 
Veeder, Mrs. Henry 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Vehon, William H. 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Victor, Mrs. Jessie K. 
Vierling, Louis 
Volicas, Dr. John N. 
vonColditz, Dr. G. Thomsen- 
Vopicka, Charles J. 

Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Dr. G. W. 
Wagner, John E. 
Wagner, Mrs. Mary G. 
Walgreen, Mrs. Charles R. 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, R. Y. 



230 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Waller, E. C. 
Waller, H. P. 
Waller, J, Alexander 
Waller, Mrs. James B. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Wanner, Mrs. Henry J. 
Ward, Edward J. E. 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Ware, Mrs. Lyman 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, J. Latham 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warwick, W. E. 
Washburne, Clarke 
Washburne, Hempstead, Jr. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watts, Harry C. 
Waud, E. P. 

Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Wean, Frank L. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Webb, George D. 
Webb, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Weber, Bernard F. 
Weber, Frank C. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Dr. Ralph W. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Isidor 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weissenbach, Mrs. Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 
Wentworth, Mrs. Moses J. 
Wermuth, William C. 
Werner, Frank A. 
West, J. Roy 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 



Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Wettling, Louis E. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett 
Wheeler, George A. 
Wheeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Harold F. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Robert 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, J. H. 
Whitlock, William A. 
Wiborg, Frank B. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkinson, John C. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Miss Anna P. 
Williams, Dr. A. Wilberforce 
Williams, Harry L. 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Lucian M. 
Williamson, George H. 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Wilms, Herman P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert Conover 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
wlnterbotham, john h. 
Winters, Leander LeRoy 
Withers, Allen L. 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. Francis M. 
Woley, Dr. Harry P. 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Henry M. 
Wolf, Walter B. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



231 



Wolff, Louis 
Wood, John G. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woodward, C. H. 
Worcester, Mrs. Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Wormser, Leo F. 
Worth, Miss Helen E. 
Worthy, Mrs. S. W. 
Wrenn, Mrs. Everts 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 



Wunderle, H. O. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Young, Mrs. Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer 
Zeisler, Mrs. Erwin P. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmer, Mrs. Rudolph E. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zork, David 
Zulfer, P. M. 



Baker, L. K. 
Bell, Robert W. 
Berger, Henry A. 
Bourne, Ralph H. 
Braun, Mrs. Martha E. 

Cessna, Dr. Charles E. 

Day, Mrs. Mark L. 

Ellsworth, Mrs. E. O. 

Elting, Philip L. F. 
Fry, Henry T. 

Greene, Charles F. 
Greensfelder, Dr. Louis A. 
Grey, Walter Clark 



Decbased, 1929 

Hettler, Herman H. 

King, Lawrence F. 

Mariner, W. E. 
Miller, Walter F. 



Reed, Kersey Coates 
Riser, John A. 

Sommer, Adam 

voorhees, condit 

Wentworth, Hunt 



SUSTAINING MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum 



Abbott, Stanley N. 
Abrahamson, Henry M. 
Aldrich, Mrs. George Capron 
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 
Alton, Carol W. 
Anderson, O. Helge 
Armstrong, Albertus S. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Artingstall, Samuel G., Jr. 
Atlass, H. Leslie 

Bailey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles Osborne 
Barnum, Harry H. 
Barothy, Dr. A. M. 



Barry, Edward C. 
Baumrucker, Charles F. 
Bautz, Robert A. 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beatty, Lester A. 
Becker, Mrs. A. G. 
Becklenberg, Mrs. Fred 
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Bernstein, Fred 
Binga, Jesse 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blair, Samuel 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blomgren, Dr. Walter L. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 



232 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Bode, William F. 
boettcher, arthur h. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bokum, Norris H. 
Bosley, M. E. 
BOYNTON, A. J. 

Bradford, Ralph B. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Briggs, J. H. 
Bryan, Benjamin B., Jr. 

BURGSTRESER, NEWTON 

Burke, Webster H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Dr. Craig D. 

Cahill, James B. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Cannon, W. J. 
Cary, Dr. Frank 
Casselberry, Mrs. William E. 
Challenger, Mrs. Agnes 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Channon, Harry 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chapman, Mrs. Doris L. 
Churchill, E. F. 
Clark, Lincoln R. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Cogswell, Elmer R. 
Cohen, Louis 
Compton, D. M. 
Connell, Philip G. 

COYLE, C. H. 

Craigie, A. M. 

Cratty, Mrs. Josiah 

Crosby, Fred M. 

Cuneo, John F. 

Curtis, Austin Guthrie, Jr. 

Curtis, Benjamin J. 

Dana, W. D. 
Danz, Charles A. 
Dauchy, Mrs. Samuel 
Degan, David 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Denkewalter, W. E. 
DesIsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Dickey, William E. 
Dickinson, Augustus E. 
Dickinson, Theodore 
Dickinson, Mrs. W. Woodbridge 
Dodge, O. V. 
Doering, Walter C. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Dowdle, John J. 



Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunn, Samuel O. 
Dunn, W. Frank 
Dvorak, B. F. 
Dyche, William A. 

Eddy, Mrs. Augustus W. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 

ElSENSTAEDT, HARRY 

Eisenstein, Sol 
Elting, Howard 

Felsenthal, Edward George 
Feltman, Charles H. 
Ferguson, William H. 
Fetcher, Edwin S. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Fisher, George P. 
Fisher, Walter L. 
Fix, Frederick W. 
Flateau, H. Pitts 
Fletcher, Mrs. R. V. 

FOLLANSBEE, MITCHELL D. 

Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Forsyth, Mrs. Holmes 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Frank, Jerome N. 
French, Dudley K. 
Friestedt, Mrs. Herman F. 

Gallagher, Mrs. M. F. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Garraway, S. G. 
Gear. H. B. 

Gifford, Mrs. Frederick C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William A. 
Glaser, Edward L. 
Glenn, Mrs. J. M. 
Goldsmith, Bernard H. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gordon, Leslie S. 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Grant, James D. 
Green, J. B. 
Greene, Henry E. 
Greenebaum, Mrs. Henry E. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William Brooks 

Hammond, Mrs. Gardiner 
Hammond, Luther S., Jr. 
Hand, George W. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



233 



Hanson, Mrs. Burton 
Hardy, Miss Marjorie 
Harris, Miss Lillian 
Harrison, Mrs. Frederick J. 
Hart, Mrs. Harry 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hattstaedt, William O. J. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Henry, Huntington B. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hill, Samuel B. 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hines, J. W. 
Hintz, John C. 
Hodgkins, Mrs. W. L. 
Hohman, Dr. E. H. 

HOLLINGSWORTH, R. G. 

Holmes, George J. 
Houston, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Howard, Mrs. Elmer A. 
Howard, P. S. 
Hoyne, Frank C. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huncke, O. W. 
Hunter, Robert H. 

Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A. 
Ingeman, Lyle S. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 

Jackson, Archer L. 
Jaffe, Dr. Herman 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Johnson, Chester H. 
Johnson, Isaac Horton 

Karpen, Michael 
Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Klenk, Paul T. 
Koch, Louis G. 
Kochs, August 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Komiss, David S. 
Kopp, Gustave 
Kortzeborn, Jacob E. 
Kraus, Samuel 



Lang, Edward J. 
Lathrop, Mrs. Bryan 
Lawrence, W. J. 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Leight, Albert E. 
Linton, Benjamin B. 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. John T. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Leo A. 

LOEWENTHAL, MRS. JULIUS W. 

Louer, Albert S. 
Ludwig, J. Leo 
Lynch, William Joseph 

MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
Maddock, Thomas E. 
Mallinson, Edwin 
Manley, John A. 
Marcus, Maurice S. 
Markman, S. K. 
Marriott, Abraham R. 
Mautner, Leo A. 
Mayer, Oscar F., Sr. 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McIntosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McMakin, Eugene 
McMenemy, L. T. 
McVoy, John M. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrell, John H. 
Mertens, Cyril P. 
Miles, Mrs. Ethel Edmunds 
Miller, Mrs. Olive Beaupre 
Minotto, Mrs. James 
Mitchell, George F. 
Mitchell, John J. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Mohr, Edward 
Moist, Mrs. S. E. 
Monaghan, Thomas H. 
Morey, Walter W. 
Mulligan, George F. 
Murphy, John P. V. 

Nebel, Herman C. 
Neilson, Mrs. Francis 
Newhouse, Karl 
Noble, Samuel R. 
Noyes, A. H. 



LaChance, Mrs. Leander H. 
Ladenson, N. T. 



Odell, William R., Jr. 
O'Leary, John W. 



234 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Pace, Anderson 
Packer, Charles Swasey 
Pardridge, Mrs. Frederick C. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Dr. Ralph W. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Peck, Dr. David B. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Phelps, Mrs. W. L. 
Pole, James S. 
Poole, Miss Lois 
Portman, Mrs. Edward C. 
Prebis, Edward J. 
Prentice, John K. 
Press, Mrs. Jacob H. 
Pritzker, I. L. 
Puckey, F. W. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Rathje, William J. 
Rayner, Arnold P. 
Rea, Dr. Albertine L. 
Rellihen, Edwin G. 
Rich, Elmer 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Richardson, George A. 
Richardson, Guy A. 
Rinder, E. W. 
Robbins, Henry S. 
Robbins, Percy A. 
Roessler, Carl C. 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rothschild, Justin 
Routh, George D., Jr. 
Ryerson, Donald M. 

Sampsell, Marshall E. 
Sargent, Mrs. George H. 
Schireson, Dr. Henry J. 
Scholl, Dr. William M. 
Schulze, Theodore G. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Seggerman, Mrs. Richard 
Shaw, Andrew H. 
Shaw, E. R. 
Sheldon, James M. 



Sills, Clarence W. 
Simpson, C. G. 
Skooglund, David 
Smith, Walter Bourne 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Sperling, Samuel 
Spielmann, Oscar P. 
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Stevens, Charles R. 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr. 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swiecinski, Walter 

Teninga, Cornelius 
Thompson, C. E. 
Thompson, Mrs. Charles M. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Tilden, Mrs. Edward 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Titzel, Dr. W. R. 
Toolen, Clarence A. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Trude, Hon. Daniel P. 
Tucker, S. A. 
Tuttle, F. B. 
Tyler, Byron 

Vail, Carlton M. 
Vehon, Simon Henry 

Walker, Samuel J. 
Ward, Miss Marjorie 
Ware, Mrs. Charles W. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Watson, Miss Mina M. 
Weil, David Maxwell 
Weinhoeber, George V. 
Weis, S. W. 
Welter, John N. 
Werth, A. Herman 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whiting, Laurence H. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wright, H. K. 

Zerler, Charles F. 



Carey, Mrs. William P. 



Deceased, 1929 

Prothero, Dr. James H. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



235 



ANNUAL MEMBERS 

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 



Aagaard, Walter S., Jr. 

Aaron, Ely M. 

Abbott, Edwin H. 

Abbott, Ernest V. 

Abbott, Guy H. 

Abbott, Mrs. Katherine M. 

Abbott, Dr. Wilson Ruffin 

Abells, Colonel H. D. 

Abegg, Eugene 

Abney, M. D. 

Aborn, E. A. 

Abrahamson, John 

Abrahamson, Mrs. Paul 

Abrams, Hyman B. 

Abt, Hugo A. F. 

Abt, Dr. Isaac A. 

Abt, Mrs. J. J. 

Ackert, Mrs. Charles H. 

Adair, Hugh G. 

Adams, A. J. 

Adams, C. E. B. 

Adams, Cyrus H., Jr. 

Adams, Mrs. David T. 

Adams, Harvey M. 

Adams, Mrs. Henry T. 

Adams, Hugh R. 

Adams, J. Kirk 

Adams, M. G. 

Adams, Miss M. Joice 

Adams, Miss Nellie Malina 

Adams, Samuel P. 

Addams, Miss Jane 

Adler, Dr. Herman M. O. 

Adler, Leo 

Agar, Mrs. William Grant 

Ahern, Miss Anna 

Ahnfelt, John 

Ailes, Adrian S. 

Aishton, Richard A. 

Alden, W. T. 

Aldrich, Frederick C. 

Aleshire, Mrs. O. E. 

Alessio, Frank 

Alex, Miss Helen 

Allais, Arthur L. 

Allen, Dr. A. V. 

Allen, Amos G. 

Allen, CD. 

Allen, Harry W. 

Allen, J. B. 

Allen, Mrs. J. W. 



Allen, John D. 
Allen, O. T. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Allin, Miss Josephine T. 
Allison, Mrs. S. B. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Alsaker, Mrs. Alfred 
Alschuler, Hon. Samuel 
Alt, George E. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Altman, Robert M. 
Amberg, J. Ward 
Amberg, Miss Ethel M. 
Amberg, Miss Mary Agnes 
Anderson, Mrs. A. S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Adolph 
Anderson, B. G. 
Anderson, Brooke 
Anderson, Rt. Rev. C. P. 
Anderson, David G. 
Anderson, Mrs. Edith L. 
Anderson, Mrs. Harry 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Dr. Benjamin F. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Anheiser, Hugo 
Anoff, Isidor S. 
Anthony, Charles E. 
Anthony, Joseph R. 
Antonow, Samuel L. 
Antrim, Mrs. Elbert M. 
Arbuckle, Mrs. G. S. 
Arden, Percy H. 
Arens, Dr. Robert A. 
Arms, Herbert C. 
Armstrong, Edward E. 
Armstrong, Mrs. H. W. 
Armstrong, Percy W. 
Arnold, Francis M. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Marshall 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J. 
Ascher, Nathan 
ashburner, mrs. thomas 
Ashby, D. E. 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Jr. 
ashcraft, r. m. 
Asher, Max 
Ashley, Noble W. 
Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H. 



236 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Atkins, Paul M. 
Atkinson, Mrs. A. L. C. 
Atkinson, Charles T. 
Atkinson, Roy R. 
Atlass, Mrs. Frank 
Atwell, W. C. 
Atwood, Mrs. C. E. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Auble, Wilson C. 
Aubry, Numa G. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, M. B. 
Austin, William B. 
Austrian, Mrs. Edwin 
Axelson, Charles F. 
Axman, Samuel H. 

Babcock, F. M. 
Babcock, Orville E. 
Babcock, William H. 
Bachrach, I. 
Bacon, Asa 
Bacon, Dr. C. S. 
Badenoch, David A. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Baer, Dr. Joseph L. 
Bagby, Mrs. C B. 
Bailey, Dr. G. T. 
Baird, Mrs. Clay 
Bairstow, Mrs. Arthur 
Baker, C. M. 
Baker, Claude M. 
Baker, Edward L. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, James Childs 
Baker, James R. 
Baker, Miss Julia A. 
Balaban, Mrs. A. J. 
Balch, Howard K. 
Balderston, Mrs. Stephen V. 
Baldwin, William 
Ball, John 

Ballard, Mrs. Charles M. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Baltz, Mrs. Phil G. 
Bangs, William D. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banker, Mrs. Edward H. 
Banning, Samuel W 
Bannister, Mrs. A. H. 
Barber, Mrs. F. L. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barclay, Miss Mildred 
Bard, Ralph A. 



Bard, Mrs. Roy E. 

Barger, Mrs. Walter C. 

Barker, Edward E. 

Barker, Mrs. William 

Barkman, Miss A. M. 

Barnes, Miss Bernita 

Barnes, Professor Nathaniel W. 

Barnes, Sydney G. 

Barnes, William H. 

Barrett, Miss Adela 

Barrett, M. J. P. 

Barry, Mrs. Rupert J. 

Barstow, Dr. Rhoda Pike 

Bartells, Dr. Henry W. F. 

Barth, Lewis L. 

Bartholomay, Herman 

Bartholomay, William, Jr. 

Bartholomew, Mrs. F. H. 

Bartlett, Charles C. 

Bartlett, Mrs. Frederick H. 

Bartman, Mrs. Fred A. 

Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 

Barton, S. G. 

Barwig, Mrs. Byron 

Bascom, F. T. 

Bates, Mrs. Harry C. 

Baum, James E., Jr. 

Baum, Mrs. James E., Jr. 

Baumann, Mrs. F. O. 

Baumgarden, Nathan W. 

Baxter, John E. 

Baylor, Dr. Frank W. 

Beach, Calvin B. 

Beacom, Harold 

Beatty, Mrs. R. J. 

Beck, Dr. E. G. 

Beck, Dr. Joseph C. 

Becker, Mrs. Herbert W. 

Becker, Lothar 

Bede, Howard H. 

Beer, Fred A. 

Beeson, Mrs. F. C. 

Behrens, George A. 

Beddler, Augustus F. 

Beifus, Morris 

Beirnes, Mrs. Alvin E. 

Belden, Joseph C. 

Belknap, Mrs. Thomas A. 

Bell, Mrs. Ellen R. 

Bell, George Irving 

Bell, Hayden N. 

Bellows, Mrs. L. E. H. 

Bemis, Anthony J. 

Benario, Mrs. Gus 

Bendelari, Arthur 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



237 



Bender, Mrs. Charles 

Bengtsen, H. 0. 

Bennet, William S. 

Bennett, E. H. 

Bennett, Mrs. Harold D. 

Bennett, Mrs. Ira F. 

Bennett, Mrs. William H. K. 

Benninghoven, Daniel 

Bennington, Harold 

Benoist, Mrs. William F. 

Bensinger, Mrs. Blanche 

Benson, Mrs. T. R. 

Bentley, Richard 

Berens, Mrs. H. 

Berg, Dr. O. H. 

Bergbom, Mrs. M. S. 

Berger, Miss Marie S. E. 

Bergh, Ross F. 

Bergren, E. L. 

Bergstrom, 0. 

Berliner, Emanuel F. 

Bernard, Peter J. 

Bernhard, Raymond S. 

Bernstein, Aaron D. 

Bernstein, Mrs. Jack 

Berry, H. Roy 

Berry, Mrs. Raymond D. 

Berry, V. D. 

Bertolet, Charles D 

Beshears, Mansfield 

Bestel, Oliver A. 

Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 

Biddle, Robert C. 

Biehn, Dr. J. F. 

Bigane, Mrs. John Edward, Jr. 

Bigelow, Miss Florence E. 

Bilsky, Samuel 

Bingham, S. H. 

Binkley, Mrs. L. G. 

Binks, Mrs. Harry D. 

Bird, Miss Frances 

Bird, Herbert J. 

Birkenstein, Louis 

Birkhoff, Miss Gertrude 

Bisbee, W. G. 

Bishop, Mrs. Alice M. 

Bishop, Mrs. Howard F. 

Bissell, Mrs. A. W. 

Bissell, Arthur 

Black, Mrs. Herbert G. 

Black, Dr. R. E. 

Black, Robert F. 

Black, Mrs. T. S. 

Black, W. J. 

Blackford, Wilbur F. 



Blackwood, Mrs. A. E. 
Blair, Mrs. Henry A. 
Blake, Mrs. F. B. 
Blake, Mrs. William H. 
Blakeley, John M. 
Blazon, John J. 
Blessing, Lewis G. 
Bliss, Charles F. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Block, Mrs. Leigh B. 
Block, Dr. Louis H. 
Blocki, Mrs. Fred W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Blonder, Edward G. 
Blood, L. A. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leon 
Bloomfield, Mrs. Leonard 
Blount, M. A. 
Blue, John 
Blum, Henry S. 
Blunt, Katharine 
Bobb, Dwight S. 
Bohning, Dr. Anne 
Bolitho, Mrs. William J. 
Bollenbacher, John C. 
Bolt, M. C. 
Bolton, John F. 
Bone, A. R. 
Bonthron, Francis R. 
Bonner, Francis A. 
Boone, Arthur 
Boone, Charles Leveritt 
Boot, Dr. G. W. 
Booth, Mrs. George 
Boozer, Mrs. Ralph C. 

BORCHERDING, E. P. 

Borcherdt, Mrs. H. A. 
Borchert, Dr. Robert L. 
Borland, Mrs. Beatrice I. 
Borman, T. A. 
Born, Edgar R. 
Borough, Miss Mary G. 
Borsch, Mrs. Mary 
Bothman, Dr. L. 
Botthof, Mrs. W. 
Boucher, C. S. 
Boughton, Frank M. 
Bourland, Mrs. Norman T. 
Bournique, Alvar L. 
Bourque, Dr. N. Odeon 
Bowe, Augustine J. 
Bowen, Joseph T., Jr. 
Bowes, Frederick M. 
Bowes, William R. 



238 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Bowes, William R. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Mrs. E. B. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. Christiana 
Braddock, Mrs. Louis J. 
Bradley, Fred J. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Brandenburg, Mrs. O. H. 
Brandt, Frederic T. 
Branigar, Mrs. W. W. 
Braschler, H. T. 
Braucher, Mrs. Ernest N. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Brauer, Mrs. Casper 
Braun, Arthur J. 
Brawley, Dr. Frank E. 
Breed, Frederick S. 
Breen, J. W. 
Bremner, Dr. David K. 
Brennan, Mrs. George E. 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brenner, Mrs. Louis N. 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brewer, Edward H. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brewster, William E. 
Breyer, Mrs. T. 
Briggs, A. G. 
Brigham, Dr. L. Ward 
Brimstin, W. E. 
Brin, Harry L. 
Briney, Mrs. H. C. 
Bringolf, Mrs. Floyd A. 
Brinson, Mrs. Earl W. 
Briscoe, George L. 
Brister, Mrs. C. J. 
Brock, Mrs. Frank P. 
Brockett, Mrs. J. I. 
Brodt, Irwin W. 
Broeker, Mrs. Felix 
Bronson, Mrs. Mary Horton 
Brooke, Fred L. 
Brooks, Roeert E. L. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Broome, Mrs. Thornhill 
Broomell, Chester C. 
Brougham, Dr. Edward J. 
Brouillett, Dr. R. J. 
Brower, Jule F. 
Brown, Alvia K. 
Brown, Dr. Calvin E. 
Brown, Charles W. 
Brown, Miss Clara M. 
Brown, Edward Eagle 



Brown, Miss Eleanor M. 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, H. A. 
Brown, J. D. 
Brown, J. Rice 
Brown, James Earl 
Brown, W. Gray 
Brown, Wilbur M. 
Browning, Mrs. Luella A. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Brugge, Mrs. Caroline 
Brumley, Daniel Joseph 
Brunker, A. R. 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, Donald R. 
Bryant, Mrs. Edward F. 
Bryant, John M. 
Bryant, Mrs. M. W. 
Buchanan, Mrs. Lee R. 

BUCHBINDER, Dr. J. R. 

Buchen, Mrs. Walther 
Buchholz, Eric 
Buckingham, John 
Buckingham, Tracy W. 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Buckner, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Buddeke, I. W. 
Buehler, Mrs. Ernest 
Buell, Mrs. Charles C. 
Buhlig, Paul 
Buhlig, Miss Rose 
Buker, J. E. 
Bukowski, Peter I. 
Bull, Gordon W. 

BULLARD, SELLAR 

Bunck, Edward C. 

Bunge, August H., Sr. 

Bunker, Charles C. 

Bunn, B. H. 

Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 

Bunting, Guy J. 

Bunzel, Paul M. 

Burch, Mrs. W. E. 

Burch, R. L. 

Burdick, Dr. Alfred S. 

Burk, Mrs. Henrietta Lance 

Burke, Edward H. 

Burke, Leonard J. 

Burkhardt, Charles E. 

Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 

Burnham, D. H. 

Burnham, Hubert 

Burns, Miss Ethel R. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



239 



Burns, Mrs. J. S. 
Burns, John J. 
Burnstine, I. H. 
Burr, Earl G. 
Burritt, D. F. 
Burrows, Miss Louisa L. 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Bursik, Miss Emilie G. 
Burton, Miss Claribel 
Burton, Fred A. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Bush, Mrs. Lionel E. 
Bushonville, James T. 
Buswell, Mrs. Henry Lee 
Butt, Frank Eastman 
Butters, Mrs. George 
Buxbaum, Morris 
Byersdorf, Sidney R. 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byfield, Mrs. Herbert A. 
Byfield, Miss Lillian R. 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Cahill, William A. 
Cahn, Benjamin R. 
Cain, Charles N. 
Cain, G. R. 

Caldwell, Mrs. Asa J. 
Caldwell, H. Ware 
Caldwell, Louis G. 
Callahan, Mrs. A. F. 
Caloger, Mrs. A. D. 
Calvin, Dr. Joseph K. 
Cammack, Herbert M. 
Camp, Benjamin B. 
Camp, Curtis B. 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Campbell, Mrs. R. D. 
Campbell, Robert W. 
Campe, Frank O. 
Canavan, J. Newell 
Canepa, James P. 
Capodice, J. J. 
Capper, John S. 
Carleton, Stanley 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carlson, Mrs. Carl T. 
Carman, S. S. 
Carnahan, Mrs. Glen C. 
Carpenter, Harold B. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carpenter, L. T. 



Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Carr, H. C. 
Carr, Dr. James G. 
Carrington, Edmund 
Carroll, M. V. 
Carteaux, Leon L. 
Carter, Allan J. 
Carter, C. B. 
Carter, Mrs. C. B. 
Carter, Mrs. J. B. 
Carter, Mrs. L. D. 
Cary, Dr. William 
Casavant, Gustav A. 
Case, Horace D. 
Casey, J. R. 
Casey, Thomas 
Cassaday, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Cassels, G. J. 
Cassidy, William J. 
Castenholz. W. B. 
Castle, C. S. 
Castle, Mrs. Charles S. 
Castle, Sydney 
Caswell, Mrs. A. B. 
Caughlin, Mrs. F. P. 
Cavenee, Mrs. C. M. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chadwick, Mrs. Griffith 
Chalmers, Mrs. J. Y. 
Chamberlin, Mrs. Adele R. 
Chandler, C. F. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Frank R. 
Chandler, George M. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chapman, Mrs. Frank A. 
Chapman, William Gerard 
Chase, Mrs. Edward G. 
Chase, Miss Florence 
Chase, Mrs. Leona 
Chase, Miss Margaret 
Chase, Roy W. 
Chase, Samuel T. 
Chase, Mrs. William H. 
Chattin, William 
Chavis, Dr. Samuel W. 
Cheney, Henry D. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Mrs. Fred B. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Childs, Mrs. R. W. 
Childs, Theron W. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Christiansen, Dr. Henry 
Christopher, Mrs. Carl J. 



240 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Christy, Mrs. F. V. 
Churan, Leo M. 
Church, Mrs. Emma 
Churchill, Richard S. 
Clancy, William L. 
Claney, Miss M. T. 
Clare, Herbert O. 
Clark, Mrs. Arthur M. 
Clark, C. P. 
Clark, James D. 
Clark, Miss Maud F. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, Dr. Stanley W. 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Clarke, Mrs. Fred A. 
Clarke, Frederick E. 
Clarke, Mrs. Henry S., Jr. 
Claussen, Edmund J. 
Clavey, F. B. 
Claypool, Glen F. 
Clayton, Benjamin W. 
Clayton, Frederick W. 
Cleary, Charles H. 
Cleary, John J. 
Clement, Mrs. Allan M. 
Clements, Miss Ellen N. 
Clements, Rev. Robert 
Cleveland, Mrs. A. F. 
Clifford, Thomas R. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Cloney, T. W. 
Cloyes, William E. 
Cluff, Edwin E. 
Coale, George M. 
Coburn, Alonzo J. 
Coburn, E. Warner 
Coburn, J. M. 
Cochran, J. L. 
Cochran, Mrs. J. L. 
Cochran, Miss Nellie 
Cochrane, Mrs. A. B. 
Cochrane, A. K. O. 
Cochrane, Mrs. Robert M. 
Coe, Frank Galt 
Coffin, Fred Y., Sr. 
Coffin, Mrs. Fred Y. 
Coffin, Percy B. 
Coffman, A. B. 
Cohen, A. E. 
Cohen, Archie H. 
Cohen, Irving Leslie 
Cohen, Irwin 
Cohien, Henry 
Cohn, Charles 
Cohn, Samuel A. 



Cohn, Mrs. Samuel J. 
Colborn, Mrs. G. D. 
Colburn, Warren E. 
Cole, Lawrence A. 
Coleman, Algernon 
Coleman, B. R. 
Coleman, Clarence L. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Collins, Arthur B. 
Collins, Arthur W. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
Collins, Charles W. 
Collins, Chilton C 
Collins, George R. 
Collins, Dr. Lorin C. 
Collins, Dr. Rufus G. 
Collison, Edgar K. 
Colnon, Philip 
comerford, mrs. lyela 
Compton, E. Raymond 
Comstock, Miss Ethel 
Comstock, Robert H., Jr. 
Condit, Mrs. J. S. 
Condon, Mrs. John 
Condon, Thomas J. 
Conger, Mrs. William Perez 
Conglis, Nicholas P. 
Conkey, H. P. 

Connor, Mrs. Frederick T. 
Conover, Harvey 
Conover, Mrs. Luther W. 
Conran, Mrs. Walter A. 
Conroy, Mrs. Esther F. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Consoer, Miss Meta 
Converse, Earl M. 
Converse, William A. 
Cook, Miss Edith S. 
Cook, Dr. Frances H. 
Cook, J. B. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Cooke, Mrs. George J. 
Cookson, J. E. 
Coon, Robert E. 
Cooper, Miss Adelaide 
Cooper, Charles H. 
Cooper, Frederick A. 
Cooper, R., Jr. 
Coppel, Mrs. Charles H. 
Corbin, Mrs. Dana 
Corbin, Mrs. F. N. 
Corboy, Miss C. M. 
Corboy, William J. 
Core, Mrs. J. D. 
Corey, Miss W. Jennette 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



241 



Cornelius, J. F. 
Cornell, Dr. Edward L. 
Cornet, Mrs. A. L. 
Corper, Erwin 
Corrigan, James 
Corry, Mrs. Adeline M. 
Corsant, Mrs. Charles King 
Corwin. Dr. Arthur M. 
Costa, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Costello, Thomas J. 
Courtney, Miss Martha A. 
Courvoisier, Dr. Earl A. 
Cowan, Mrs. Lora S. 
Cox, Arthur M. 
Cozzens, Mrs. Frederick B. 
Craddock, J. F. 
Craig, H. W. 
Cramer, Mrs. Ambrose 
Crawford, Adam W. 
Crawford, Mrs. Warren 
Creber, Mrs. Walter H. 
Creed, Daniel A. 
Creedon, Mrs. Clara W. 
Crego, Frank A. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crile, Mrs. Dennis W. 
Cronkhite, Albion C. 
Crooks, Mrs. H. D. 
Cropp, Carl 

Crosby, Mrs. Frederick W. 
Cross, George B. 
Cross, Henry B. 
Crow, W. R. 
Crowder, J. L. 
Crowell, Lucius A. 
Cudney, Harold N. 
Cullen, Dr. George 
Cuneo, Frank 
Cunnea, William A. 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curran, O. P., Jr. 
Curran, Peter A. 
Curtis, Louis R. 
Cusack, Francis J. 

Dahlquist, C. M. 
Daiches, Eli 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dallas, Charles D. 
Dallstream, Andrew J. 
Dalrymple, Henry R. 
Dalton, Ernest E. 
Dalton, Henry L. 
Daly, Dr. T. A. 



Dalziel, Davison 
Dammann, Edward C. 
Dammann, J. F., Jr. 
D'Ancona, A. E. 
Daniels, Mrs. J. V. 
Daniels, James E. 
Danielson, Mrs. A. E. 
Danielson, Fred V. 
Dankowski, I. F. 
Darling, Dr. U. G. 
Dauchy, Miss Barbara 
Daughaday, C. Colton 
David, Sidney S. 
Davidson, Mrs. George M. 
Davidson, Julius 
Davidson, Lucius H. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davidson, Morton S. 
Davie, George F. 
Davies, J. E. 
Da vies, P. W. 
Davies, William B. 
Davis, Colonel Alexander M. 
Davis, Dr. Amy Reams 
Davis, Brode B. 
Davis, Charles E. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Mrs. D. W. 
Davis, Don 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Dr. H. I. 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Davis, Mrs. Newton E. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, W. Harry 
Davis, W. Owen 
Davis, Warren T. 
Dawes, Neil B. 
Day, Clyde L. 
Day, Mrs. Lewis J. 
Dean, Mrs. Ella Wood 
Dean, William D. 
DeBerard, Miss Grace 
DeBoer, Mrs. Klaas C. 
Decker, Mrs. Halford H. 
Decker, Hiram E. 
Dee, Mrs. William E. 
Defrees, Mrs. Donald 
DeFrees, Miss Mary L. 
Degener, August W. 
Degenhardt, Dr. Edgar 
Dehning, Mrs. C. H. 
Deimel, Mrs. Jerome L. 
Deininger, Mrs. D. M. 



242 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



DeLamarter, Mrs. Eric 

Delany, Faustin S. 

DeLoach, Dr. R. J. H. 

DeLong, F. T. 

Delson, Louis J. 

Demaree, H. S. 

Demont, Carl 

DeMuth, Mrs. Elizabeth S. 

Deneen, Robert J. 

Dennis, Willard P. 

Dent, Mrs. Louis L. 

DePeyster, Frederic A. 

Depue, Oscar B. 

Dering, Mrs. Edith S. 

DeSauty, Sydney 

D'Esposito, J. 

DeVaney, Miss Marie A. 

DeVries, George 

DeWolf, Mrs. John E., Sr. 

Dewson, Mrs. John R. 

Dick, Miss F. Louise 

Dickinson, Mrs. Charles F. 

Diener, George W. 

Dienstag, Mrs. Benno 

Dignan, Frank W. 

Dilkes, Howard B. 

Dillbahner, Frank 

Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 

Dingle, Mrs. Florence Thomas 

Dings, P. C. 

Dix, Herbert 

Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 

Doering, Mrs. Edmund J., Jr. 

Dolese, Mrs. John 

Dolese, Peter 

Donahey, Mrs. William 

Donkle, Mrs. L. B. 

Donnelley, Thorne 

Donnelley, Mrs. Thorne 

Dors, George B. 

Dorsey, John T., Jr. 

Dosch, Henry C. 

Doubt, Mrs. T. E. 

Dowling, T. F. 

Doyle, Edward V. 

Doyle, Leo J. 

Drell, Mrs. J. B. 

Drennan, John G. 

Drew, Mrs. Leslie A. 

Drews, William F. 

Drezmal, Max A. 

Drielsma, I. J. 

Drinkwalter, Miss Kate E. 

Dryden, Mrs. George B. 

Drynan, William G. 



Dudley, W. W. 
Duffy, Mrs. Mary E. 
Dunbaugh, George J. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, W. S. 
Dunham, Mrs. M. Keith 
Dunham, Mrs. W. H. 
Dunlap, Mrs. T. M. 
Dunn, Edward J. 
Dunning, N. Max 
Dupee, Eugene H. 
Dupuis, Miss J. L. 
Durham, Mrs. Raymond E. 
Durland, Miss Ethel Grace 
Durr, Mrs. Herbert A. 

Easthope, Joseph 
Eaton, Mrs. Marquis 
Eaton, William A. 
Ebeling, Mrs. George 
Eberle, William C. 
Eck, Dr. Charles P. 
Eckart, Mrs. Robert P. 
Eckstorm, Mrs. Paul 
Edmonds, Miss Nora 
Edwards, I. Newton 
Egan, Parnell 
Ehrlich, M. J. 
Ehrman, Walter E. 
Ehrmann, Dr. Fred J. E. 
Eich, John W. 
Eichstaedt, Dr. J. J. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
elsendrath, joseph l. 
Eitel, Emil 

Elam, Mrs. Frank Harris 
Elam, Mrs. M. A. 
Eley, Ning 
Elich, Mrs. Herman 
Eliel, Mrs. Theresa G. 
Elkington, Charles S. 
Ellbogen, Mrs. Max 
Ellert, Arnold M. 
Ellicson, S. Adelbert, Sr. 
Ellinson, Mrs. William J. 
Elliot, Mrs. Frank M. 
Elliott, Dr. A. R. 
Elliott, Mrs. E. N. 
Elliott, Francke C. 
Elliott, Mrs. O. Earl 
Ellis, Mrs. J. W. 
Elmer, Miss Lulu Shepard 
Elmer, Dr. Raymond F. 
Elmslie, George G. 
Emery, William H. 



\ 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



243 



Emig, Howard A. 
Engelhart, Frank C. 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
England, Edward L. 
Englander, Mrs. Marcelite 
Engle, Mrs. Walter 
English, John J. 
Enright, Frank J. 
Erd, Arthur A. 
Erickson, Mrs. Alfred O. 
Erickson, Mrs. E. T. 
Erickson, Elmer 
Erickson, H. E. 
Erickson, Hubbard H. 
Erikson, Mrs. G. F. 
Erwin, Mrs. Charles R. 
Erzinger, Mrs. Minnie C. 
Eschner, Leroy 
Esdohr, F. H. 
Esmond, John W. 

ESPENSHADE, MRS. E. B. 

Estes, C. E. 

Ettelson, Mrs. Samuel A. 

Eulass, Elmer A. 

Evans, Miss Anna B. 

Evans, Miss Bertha K. 

Evans, Dr. C. B. S. 

Evans, Eliot H. 

Evans, Floyd Butler 

Evans, Mrs. Timothy Wallace 

Everett, Edward W. 

Ewing, Mrs. Hugh W. 

Fabbri, Albert 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Falk, Lester L. 
Falls, Dr. S. H. 
Faltysek, E. J. 
Fanning, C. G. 
Fantus, Dr. Bernard 
Farley, Mrs. John W. 
Farnsworth, G. J. 
Farquhar, R. C. 
Farquharson, William J. 
Farrell, William W. 
Farwell, Edward P. 
Farwell, Stanley P. 
Faulkner, Dr. Louis 
Favorite, Mrs. Isabel C. 
Fawcett, H. J. 
Fell, A. L. 
Fell, Miss Frances 
Felsenthal, Herman 
Fenley, William H. 
Fenn, Dr. G. K. 



Fenton, J. R. 
Ferguson, S. Y., Jr. 
Ferrer, Mrs. Lorraine L. 
Ferrier, Miss Mary 
Ferris, L. G. 
Ferris, Miss Sarah L. 
Fetters, Judson H. 
Fetzer, William R. 
Field, Forrest Whipple 
Field, Heman H. 
Field, Henry 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, Mrs. Wentworth G. 
Fieldhouse, Clarence B. 
Fiery, E. Irving 
Findley, Dr. Ephraim K. 
Finigan, Thomas 
Fink, George E. 
Fink, R. A. 
Finney, W. N. 
Fischer, Arthur 
Fischer, Charles H. 
Fischer, Mrs. Charles W. 
Fischrupp, George 
Fish, Irving D. 
Fisher, Dr. Hart E. 
Fisher, Mrs. Howard A. 
Fisher, Mrs. Vories 
Fisher, Mrs. Walter E. 
Fiske, Kenneth B. 
Fitch, Thomas 
Fitzpatrick, Miss Anna E. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. T. F. 
Flaherty, Joseph F. 
Flanigan, Arthur H. 
Fleischhauer, Herbert 
Fleming, Edward J. 
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Flinn, Mrs. F. B. 
Flinn, James M. 
Flocken, Mrs. F. A. 
Floessler, Arthur M. 
Floreen, Mrs. Adolph R. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Fockler, L. H. 
Foley, Mrs. John Burton 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Foltz, F. C. 
Forbes, Lester H. 
Forch, John L., Jr. 
Ford, Mrs. Charles 
Ford, Mrs. Charles E. 
Ford, James S. 
Ford, Mrs. Norman J. 
Ford, Mrs. T. A. 



244 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Forrest, George D. 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Forsinger, Darwin A. 
Forster, J. G. 
Fortelka, Dr. Frank L. 
Fortune, John L. 
Fosburg, H. A. 
Fosdick, K. I. 
Foster, Mrs. A. H. 
Foster, Mrs. Gertrude L. 
Foucek, Charles G. 
Fowler, G. F. 
Fowler, Henry 
Fox, Harvey 
Foy, John J. 
Fraizer, Mrs. Lawrence 
Frame, C. L. 
Francis, Mrs. Daisy G. 
Frank, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Frank, David 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Franke, Dr. Meta E. 
Franklin, Abraham M. 
Franklin, Egington 
Franklin, M. E. 
Fraser, Angus 
Fraser, N. D. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frederick, Mrs. Clarence L. 
Frederick, R. L. 
Freehof, Dr. Solomon B. 
Freeman, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Freeman, Theodore F. 
Freeman, Victor E. 
Freeman, William A. 
Freer, Harry M. 
Freitag, F. J. 
French, Mrs. L. B. 
Frenzel, Mrs. Henry 
Freund, Erwin O. 
Fried, Harry N. 
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton 
Frieder, Edward N. 
Friedman. I. S. 
Friend, Mrs. Alexander 
Friend, Herbert M. 
Friend, Oscar F. 
Friend, Mrs. R. O. 
Frisbie, Mrs. Ida D. 
Frisk, Miss Auda 
Froehling, Arthur F. 
Frymark, August A. 
Fucik, E. J. 



Fuller, Mrs. Eugene W. 
Fuller, Dr. George Damon 
Fuller, Mrs. J. G. 
Fulmer, Mrs. S. Guy 
Funk, Mrs. C. S. 
Funkhauser, Leonard K. 

Gabel, Walter H. 
Gabriel, Frank J. 
Gahagan, Dr. H. G. 
Gaither, Otho S. 
Gale, Abram 
Gale, Frederick A. 
Galetti, Charles G. 
Gallagher, Mrs. F. H. 
Gallagher, Mrs. George F. 
Gallagher, T. E. 
Gallagher, Dr. William J. 
Gallauer, C. 

Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
Galloway, William Marshall 
Gallup, Harold E. 
Gamble, James A. 
Gano, David R. 
Gans, Daniel 
Gardner, Robert H. 
Garlick, Mrs. Adella 
Garlick, R. C. 
Garner, F. J. 
Garrison, Bernard C. 
Garrison, Dr. Lester E. 
Gartside, John L. 
Garvey, Mrs. W. H. 
Gary, Dr. I. Clark 
Gates, Neil H. 
Gates, Philip R. 
Gathman, Arthur E. 
Gaul, H. J. 

Gaylord, Miss Anna E. 
Gebhardt, Ernest A. 
Geddes, William H. 
Geer, Mrs. Ira J. 
Geib, Miss Marguerite F. 
Geiger, Dr. A. H. 
Gendron, Miss Louise 
Gentzel, Emil A. 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
George, Calvin M. 
George, Marshall W. 
Geraghty, Gerald G. 
Geraghty, Mrs. Thomas F. 
Gerding, R. W. 
Gere, Mrs. Albert H. 



Jan. 1930 



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245 



Geringer, Charles M. 
Gertz, Rudolph V. 
Gervais, Mrs. W. B. 
Getschow, George M. 
Gettelman, Mrs. Sidney H. 
Geuther, Otto R. 
Gibbs, William J. 
Gibson, Carl L. 
Gibson, Clinton E. 
Gibson, Mrs. Irene M. 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gibson, Mrs. Will A., Jr. 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Gielsdorf, Miss Helen P. 
Giessel, Mrs. Henry 
Gilbert, Mrs. George A. 
Gilbert, Miss Helen R. 
Gilbert, Mrs. T. G. 
Gilchrist, Miss Harriet F. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
Giles, Mrs. I. K. 
Giles, Dr. Roscoe 
Gilkes, William H. 
Gill, Adolph 

Gill, Dr. John Granville 
Gill, Wallace 
glllanders, kenneth 
Gillet, Harry O. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gilpin, Garth G. 
Gilruth, Irwin T. 
Gindele, Mrs. C. W. 
Gitter, Miss Mary B. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladish, Rev. W. L. 
Glass, William Q. 
Glasser, Mrs. G. M. 
Glick, Emanuel M. 
Glidden, Mrs. H. L. 
Glover, Mrs. Manson 
Glueck, I. 
Goble, Mrs. E. R. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Godehn, Paul 
Goelitz, Mrs. Harry, Jr. 
Goetz, Adolph 
Goetz, Mrs. Isabelle R. 
Goffe, Mrs. L. K. 
Goldfield, Dr. B. 
golding, gustav 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldman, Mrs. M. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goldsmith, M. A. 
Goldsmith, Moses 



Goldstein, Abraham 
Goldstein, Benjamin F. 
Good, Mrs. James W. 
Good, Macy S. 
Goodkind, Mrs. A. L. 
Goodman, David 
Goodman, W. J. 
Goodnow, E. H. 
Gordon, Dr. L. E. 
Gore, Mrs. Edward E. 
Gorham, Miss Kathryn C. 
Gorman, Mrs. Mervyn J. 

GOTTSCHALK, MRS. CHARLES H. 

Gouget, William T. 
Gould, George W. 
Goven, Edouard T. 
Gowenlock, T. R. 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Mrs. C. Darwin 
Graham, Miss Margaret H. 
Gramm, Dr. Carl T. 
Granstrom, P. M. 
Grant, Alexander R. 
Grant, Luke 
Grapperhaus, Fred W. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graver, Mrs. H. S. 
Graver, Philip S. 
Graves, Mrs. B. C. 
Graves, Mrs. George E. 
Graves, William C. 
Graves, Mrs. W. T. 
Grawols, Mrs. G. L. 
Gray, Dr. Horace 
Gray, Mrs. William S. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Grear, W. S. 
Green, Albert L. 
Green, Mrs. George H. 
Green, Samuel 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenburg, I. G. 
Greenebaum, Mrs. Esther 
Greengard, Max 
Greenleaf, Mrs. William H. 
Greer, Mrs. James R. 
Gregg, Robert D. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 
Gregory, Mrs. Seth W. 
Grein, Joseph 
Greiner, Clarence A. 
Grey, Newton F. 
Gridley, Mrs. B. F. 
Griesel, Edward T. 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 



246 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Griffin, Bennett 
Griffin, Nicholas M. 
Griffin, Thomas D. 
Griffith, Mrs. John L. 
Griffith, Melvin L. 
Grimmer, Dr. A. H. 
Grimshaw, Norman R. 
Grinker, Dr. Roy R. 
Grinnell, Robert L. 
Griswold, Glenn 
Griswold, Roy C. 
Grochowski, G. S. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groenwald, Florian A. 
Grosfield, Mme. Bertha M. 
Grossman, Mrs. I. A. 
Grotnes, Miss Alice 
Gruenfeld, Adolph J. 
Grumbine, Miss E. Evalyn 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Grunwald, Mrs. Emil G. 
Gruse, Mrs. Frank A. 
Grut, Harry N. 
Gudeman, Dr. Edward 
Guettler, H. W. 
Guhl, Mrs. Otto H. 
Guilliams, John R. 
Guinan, James J. 
Gullborg, John S. 
Gunderson, Mrs. George O. 
Gunkel, George P. 

GUNNERMAN, MRS. LOUIS H. 

Gunther, Samuel L. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
gusfield, julien j. 
Gustafson, Mrs. Andrew 
Guthrie, Miss Mary G. 

Haas, Adolph R. 
Haas, George H. J. 
Haas, Samuel L. 
Haberkorn, Mrs. J. C. 
Hachmeister, Herman 
Hack, Miss Helen V. 
Hackett, Colonel Horatio B. 
Hadlock, Gerald B. 
Haedtler, Martin C. 
Haerther, Dr. A. G. 
Haerther, William W. 
Hagelin, E. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Haggard, Godfrey 
Haines, Miss Tina Mae 
Hajek, Henry F. 
Halas, Andrew G. 



Hales, Edward M. 
Hales, Mrs. G. Willard 
Haley, Dr. C. O. 
Hall, Mrs. Albert L. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, George C. 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, J. Russell 
Hall, Mrs. J. S. 
Hall, Louis W. 
Hall, Mrs. Marian L. 
Hall, Robert W. 
Hallberg, Elmer W. 
Hallenbeck, Mrs. C. W. 
Halsted, Mrs. A. E. 
Halsted, Miss A. W. 
Haltenhoff, W. C. 
Halverstadt, Mrs. Romaine M. 
Hambleton, C. J. 
Hambleton, Mrs. Earl L. 
Hamilton, Alex K. 
Hamilton, Edgar L. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, J. R. 
Hamilton, Mrs. Nellie Y. 
Hamilton, Robert J. 
Hamilton, Mrs. Scott R. 
Hammatt, Mrs. W. P. 
Hammel, George E. 
Hammer, Thomas H. 
Hammers, M. J. 
Hammill, Miss Edith K. 
Hammond, Mrs. I. L. 
Hammond, Roy E. 
Hammond, William J. 
Hancock, Frank A. 
Hanecy, Mrs. Sarah B. 
Haney, Mrs. S. C. 
Hankins, Harry 
Hanley, Frederick R. 
Hanley, Walter A. 
Hannah, Alexander W. 
Hansen, Miss Alma C. 
Hansen, Edward C. 
Hansen, Leslie M. 
Hanskat, Mrs. Rose 
Hanson, August E. 
Hanson, Harry E. 
Hanson, Harry S. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Harbison, Robert B. 
Harder, Miss Louise 
Hardesty, Paul L. 
Harding, Mrs. Charles F. 






Jan. 1930 



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247 



Harding, Captain Patrick J. 
Harding, S. Lawrence 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Harker, H. L. 
Harmon, Hubert R. 
Harmon, John H. 
Harnick, Dr. Harry N. 
Harper, James H. 
Harper, Miss Nellie M. 
Harper, Samuel A. 
Harries, Mrs. George H. 
Harrigan, E. J. 
Harriman, Frank B., Sr. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harris, Paul R. 
Harris, W. H. 
Harris, Wallace R. 
Harris, William L. 
Harrison, Miss Annie L. 
Harrison, Dr. Edwin M. 
Harrison, Harry P. 
Harrison, J. 
Harrison, James D. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Harshbarger, Miss Dema E. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Mrs. Helena 
Hart, Henry D. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Master Max A. 
Hart, Percival G. 
Hart, Mrs. Walter H. 
Hartigan, Mrs. A. F. 
Hartigan, Clare 
Hartmann, Mrs. Emil F. 
Hartmann, Henry, Sr. 
Hartmann, Mrs. Hugo 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. C. E. 
Harvey, Harold B. 
Harvey, James A. 
Harvey, Dr. Robert H. 
Harvey, W. S., Jr. 
Harwood, Frederick 
Haskell, L. A. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Haskins, Mrs. Virginia W. 
Hasler, Mrs. Edward L. 
Hastings, Edmund A. 
Hatmaker, Mrs. Jane K. 
Hattrem, Harold 
Haughey, James M. 



Haupt, William W. 

Hauser, J. C. 

Hausler, Mrs. M., Jr. 

Hawkes, Mrs. Benjamin C. 

Hawkins, F. P. 

Hawkins, J. C. 

Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 

Hawley, Albert P. 

Hawley, Clarence E. 

Hawthorne, V. R. 

Hayes, Mrs. M. T. 

Haynes, Mrs. Gideon 

Haynes, Mrs. J. R. 

Haynes, Ralph B. 

Hays, Miss Catherine 

Hayt, William H. 

Haywood, Mrs. William 

Headburg, Mrs. Albion Lambert 

Healy, John J. 

Healy, Mrs. Paul J. 

Heath, A. G. 

Heath, Albert 

Heath, William A. 

Hebel, Hon. Oscar 

Heberling, Russell L. 

Heckel, Edmund P. 

Hecht, Dr. A. A. 

Heckinger, William J. 

Hector, Dr. William S. 

Hedman, John A. 

Heg, Ernest, Sr. 

Hegberg, R. O. 

Heide, Bernard H. 

Heifetz, Samuel 

Heineke, Carl 

Heineman, Mrs. P. G. 

Heinemann, John B. 

Heinz, L. Herman 

Heinze, Charles 

Heldmaier, Miss Marie 

Helebrandt, Louis 

Helenore, John C. 

Heller, Bruno F. 

Henderson, B. E. 

Henderson, Mrs. Burton Waters 

Henderson, Mrs. C. K. 

Henderson, Charles C. 

Henkle, I. S. 

Henning, William C. 

Henrickson, Magnus 

Henry, C. Duff 

Henry, Charles W. 

Henry, Claude D. 

Henry, Mrs. R. M. 

Henschein, H. Peter 



248 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Hensel, Herman E. 
Henssler, Dr. Otto W. 
Hepfner, Mrs. Frank 
Herb, Harry 
Herbst, Mrs. Robert H. 
Herdliska, Mrs. F. I. 
Herring, Garner 
Herriott, Irving 
Herrold, Mrs. Russell D. 
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L. 
Hertel, Hugo S. 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Hertz, Mrs. John D. 
Hertzberg, Edward 
Herzman, Dr. Morris H. 
Hess, Mrs. J. H. 
Hess, John L. 
Hess, Mrs. Milton 
Hess, Sol H. 
Hessert, Gustav 
Hessert, Mrs. William 
Hessler, John B. 
Hettrick, William J. 
Heubach, Mrs. Lydia 
Heymann, Emanuel H. 
Heymann, L. H. 
Heyn, William P. 
Heywood, Oliver C. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
Hibbard, F. C. 
Hibben, Mrs. M. B. 
Hibbert, Miss Bertha 
Hibler, Mrs. John Henry 
Hicklin, John W. 
Hickok, Frank M. 
Hicks, Mrs. Elvis L. 
Higgins, John H. 
Higgins, Miss Lois E. 
High, Shirley T. 
Hill, Duke 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Frank L. 
Hill, Frederick 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilliker, Miss Ray 
Hillman, Edward 
Hills, Charles W., Sr. 

HlLLYER, DWIGHT E. 

Hilton, Henry H. 
Hinckley, Dr. D. H. 
Hinds, George T. 
Hinds, Joseph B. 
Hinkle, Ross O. 

HlRSCHBERG, DR. ABRAM 

Hirsh, Morris H. 



Hitch, Mrs. Rupus M. 
Hitchcock, R. M. 
Hite, Harry A. 
Hoadley, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Hoag, Dr. Junius C. 
Hoche, Mrs. Edmond S. 
hochstadter, g. 
Hodel, George 
Hodge, Thomas P. 
Hoefer, Ernest 
Hoeft, Mrs. Adolph R. 
Hoellen, John J. 
Hoerr, Mrs. L. O. 
Hoff, C. W. 
Hoffman, Andrew 
Hoffman, John G. 
Hoinville, C. H. 
Holabird, John A. 
holden, c. r. 
Holden, Hale, Jr. 
Holdom, Hon. Jesse 
Hole, Perry L. 
Holland, Samuel H. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
Hollenbach, Charles H. 
Hollister, Francis H. 
Holloway, Harry C. 
Holloway, Owen B. 
Holly, W. H. 
Holm, Gottfried 
Holm, Walter T. 
Holman, Alfred J. 
Holman, Edward 
Holman, Scott A. 
Holmead, Alfred 
Holmes, Dr. Bayard 
Holmes, Mrs. Edward S. 
Holmes, James C. 
Holmes, Thomas J. 
Holmes, William 
Holran, Mrs. John Raymond 
Holt, James A. 
Holt, McPherson 
Holzer, F. L. 

Holzworth, Christopher E. 
Homan, Miss Blossom 
Honore, Mrs. Lockwood 
Hood, George A. 
Hooge, Dr. Ludwig F. 
Hoot, Miss Emily M. 
Hoover, George W. 
Hopkins, Alvah S. 
Hopkins, Willard F. 
Hopkins, W. M. 
Horn, Miss Daisy J. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



249 



Horn, Mrs. J. M. 
Hornaday, Thomas F. 
Horner, Walter A. 
Hornstein, Leon 
Hornung, Joseph J. 
Horton, Ralph 
Horween, Isadore 
Horwich, Bernard 
Horwich, Philip 
Hosford, William R. 
Hosken, Charles L. 
Hoskins, Mrs. E. L. 
Hostetter, A. B. 
Hostetter, G. L. 
houghteling, james l. 
Houser, Mrs. Agnes Ricks 
Howard, Mrs. O. McG. 
Howard, Dr. Richard H. 
Howe, Edward G. 
Howe, Irwin M. 
Hoyt, C. E. 
Hoyt, N. L., Jr. 
Hoyt, William M., II 
Hrynieweicki, Dr. Stefan 
Hubbard, E. J. 
Hubbard, John M. 
Hubbard, William C. 
Hubbard, Mrs. William Sillers 
Hubbell, Miss Grace 
Hubbell, William J. 
Huber, Mrs. M. J. 
Huber, Dr. Otto C. 
Hudson, Edward J. 
Huebner, William G. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Huffaker, Mrs. O'Bannon L. 
Hufmeyer, Miss Isabella G. 
Hughes, Mrs. E. H. 
Hughes, George E. 
Hughes, Hubert Earl 
Hughes, P. A. 
Hughes, W. V. 

Hulbert, Mrs. Charles Pratt 
Hull, Irving W. 
Hull, Mrs. Joseph C. 
Hull, Robert W. 
Hultin, N. H. 
Humiston, Dr. Charles E. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
hungerford, louis s. 
Hunt, Jarvis, Jr. 
Hunt, W. Prescott, Jr. 
Hurd, Harry B. 
Hurd, Max H. 
Hurley, Frank J. 
Hurst, Mrs. Wayne Lloyd 



Hurwith, Howard K. 
Hurwitz, Morris J. 
Husak, Mrs. L. Milton 
Husar, Frank 
Husted, Mrs. John C. 
Huszagh, Mrs. Harold D. 
Hutchinson, A. H. 
Hutchinson, Mrs. C. L. 
Hutchinson, John W. 
Huttel, Mrs. A. N. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hwass, Lauritz P. 
Hyde, Charles W. 
Hyman, R. F. 
Hyndman, Mrs. A. H. 
Hynes, Dibrell 

Inderrieden, Miss L. E. 
Ingraham, Mrs. Loring 
Ingram, Harold S. 
Ingram, Mrs. John 
Innes, Mrs. Frederick L. 
Iralson, Mrs. Moses 
Irwin, A. Charles 
Irwin, Amory T. 
Irwin, Mrs. G. Howard 
Irwin, Miss Ruth M. 
Isaacs, Hon. Martin J. 
Isaacs, Michael H. 
Iverson, Harry J. 

Jackson, Mrs. Pleda H. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jackson, William F. 
Jacobi, Harry 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Harvey F. 
Jacobs, Mrs. Howard D. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Egbert G. 
Jacobson, Harry 
Jaeger, Edward W. 
Jaegermann, William A. 
Jaicks, Mrs. Stanley J. 
James, Henry D. 
James, Mrs. Ralph H. 
James, R. E. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Jamieson, Norman R. 
Jamieson, W. J. 
Jampolis, Mrs. Mark 
Janata, Louis J. 
Janda, Rudolph 
Janensch, Mrs. E. 



250 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Janovsky, Theodore B. 

Jarchow, Alfred W. 

Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 

Jarema, Alexander L. 

Jarrett, R. H., Sr. 

Jarvis, William B., Sr. 

Jaycox, Mrs. Mildred E. 

Jefferson, Mrs. Edith H. 

Jefferson, Mrs. Thomas L. 

Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W. 

Jenkins, Newton 

Jenkins, Sidney H. 

Jenkins, William E. 

Jenks, Mrs. Virgil A. 

Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 

Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 

Jensen, Carl F. 

Jensen, Harold P. 

Jensik, Raymond C. 

Jernberg, C. Edgar 

Jernberg, Carl L. 

Jessup, Theodore 

Jewett, Mrs. George C. 

Jirmasek, Bohuniel 

Jirsa, Dr. Otto J. 

Joern, Wanda M. 

Johnson, Mrs. Alice N. 

Johnson, B. W. 

Johnson, C. Edward 

Johnson, Emil A. 

Johnson, Evan 

Johnson, Mrs. Francis Theodore 

Johnson, Mrs. J. J. 

Johnson, James C. 

Johnson, Mrs. Lorena M. 

Johnson, M. 

Johnson, Martin A. 

Johnson, Roscoe H. 

Johnson, Mrs. W. B. 

Johnson, Dr. Walter W. 

Johnson, William E. 

Johnston, Mrs. Fred H. 

Johnston, Ira B. 

Johnston, Mrs. John A. 

Johnston, John R. 

Johnston, Robert M. 

Johnston, Samuel P. 

Johnston, W. Robert 

Johnstone, Balfour 

Johnstone, Mrs. Bruce 

Jonas, Dr. Emil 

Jones, Ashley Oliver, Sr. 

Jones, Mrs. C. A. 

Jones, D. C. 

Jones, George Harvey 



Jones, George R. 
Jones, Mrs. Howard A. 
Jones, Howard E. A. 
Jones, J. Harry, Sr. 
Jones, John H. 
Jones, Mrs. John Sutphin 
Jones, Mrs. Lucy Eloise 
Jones, M. H. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Mrs. Morgan T. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. Roswell N. 
Jones, Victor H. 
Jones, Walter Clyde, Jr. 
Joost, Mrs. William H. 
Jordan, Miss Irene C. 
Jordan, Oran E. 

JORGENSEN, EMIL O. 

Jorgeson, Charles M. 

Joseph, A. G. 

Joseph, Arthur W. 

Joseph, W. S. 

Joy, James A. 

Joyce, Marvin Bernard 

Joyce, Thomas F. 

Judah, Mrs. Noble Brandon 

Judd, Cecil W. 

Judd, Harry L. 

Judd, Mrs. Robert Augustine 

Judson, Clay 

Judson, F. C. 

Judson, Raymond T. 

Juergens, Miss Anna 

Junker, Richard A. 

Kaempfer, Fred 
Kaericher, Mrs. Grover D. 
Kahlke, Dr. Charles E. 
Kahn, Albert 
Kahn, David 
Kahn, I. W. 
Kahn, Mrs. Louis 
Kahn, Sidney H. 
Kahnweiler, Alexander 
Kaiser, Mrs. Sidney 
Kampmeyer, August 
Kampp, J. P. 
Kanavel, Dr. Allen B. 
Kandle, Matt M. 
Kanies, Mrs. William F. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, M. V. 
Kanter, Miss Adele 
Kantrow, Leo S. 
Karalius, Dr. A. J. 
Karpen, S. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



251 



Kasch, Frederick M. 
Kasehagen, Fred W. 
Kaspar, Mrs. Eugene W. 
Kass, Peter 
Katz, Mrs. S. 
Kaufman, D. W. 
Kaufman, Dr. Gustav L. 
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A. 
Kaye, Joseph M. 
Keefer, Karl F. 
Keeler, Edwin R. 
Keeley, Mrs. Eugene M. 
Keene, William J. 
Kegel, Mrs. A. H. 
Keig, Marshall E. 
Keim, Melville 
Kelley, Harper 
Kelley, Mrs. Harper 
Kellogg, Miss Bess 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kellogg, Leroy D. 
Kellogg, Mrs. Sarah A. 
Kelly, Edmund P. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, Mrs. George 
Kelly, Mrs. George V. 
Kelly, Joseph J. 
Kelly, Miss Mary A. 
Kemp, Philip G. 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kemper, W. R. 
Kendrick, W. S. 
Kennedy, Clarence C. 
Kennedy, Ralph 
Kennedy, Mrs. Robert E. 
Kennedy, Mrs. William J. 
Kenny, Dr. Henry Randal 
Kent, Henry R. 
Kenyon, Mrs. E. F. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Keplikger, W. A. 
Keppner, H. W. 
Kern, Dr. Maximilian 
Kernott, Mrs. John E. 
Kerr, A. W. 

Kerr, Mrs. Alexander M. 
Kersting, Mrs. A. H. 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kesler, Edward C. 
Ketcham, Mrs. Charles E. 
Keyes, Mrs. Rollin A. 
Kidwell, James E. 
Kiehl, Miss A. L. 
Kilbert, Mrs. Robert 
Kilcourse, Miss Marjorie V. 



Kilmer, Mrs. Charles 
Kimball, Ernest M. 
Kimball, George D. 
Kimball, T. Weller 
Kimbell, Charles Rea 
Kindsvogel, W. G. 
King, Frank 0. 
King, Hoyt 
King, Mrs. Nelora S. 
King, Mrs. Rockwell 
King, Mrs. W. H. 
King, William Henry, Jr. 
Kingsley, R. C. 
Kinney, Dr. William B. 
Kinsella, Mrs. William P. 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kiper, Henry 
Kipp, Charles P. 
Kircher, Mrs. J. G. 
Kirk, Harry I. 
Kirn, Mrs. Ray O. 
Kitchell, Howell W. 

KlTTLEMAN, EARLE B. 

KixMiller, Mrs. William 
Klaas, Mrs. Henry 
Klein, Addie 
Klein, Mrs. Alden J. 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Klein, Dr. David 
Klein, Fred W. 
Klein, H. S. 
Klein, Michael B. 
Klein, Peter 
Kleinman, Alexander 
Klekamp, Benard R. 
Klemann, Mrs. C. J. 
Klenha, Joseph Z. 
Klenha, Mrs. Joseph Z. 
Kleppinger, Mrs. F. S. 
Kline, Louis A. 
Kline, R. R. 
Kline, William S. 
Kloster, Mrs. Asbjorn 
Klotz, Edward C. 
Knight, Charles S. 
Knight, Charles Y. 
Knight, Mrs. Orray T. 
Knobbe, John W. 
Knode, Oliver M. 
Knudsen, Harold B. 
Kobick, Henry G. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Koch, Dr. Sumner 
Kochale, Miss Clara M. 
Koehler, H. A. 



252 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Koenig, Fred A. 
Koenig, Mrs. F. William 
Koenig, George W. 
Koenig, Mrs. S. W. 
Koepke, Mrs. Albert C. 
Koepke, E. E. 
Koepke, Fred J. 
Kohler, G. A. E. 
Kohn, Emil 
Kohn, Mrs. Frances J. 
Kohn, Oscar 
Kohout, Joseph, Jr. 
Kohr, Arthur G. 
Kollar, Dr. John A. 
Kolstad, Odin T. 
Komar, Morris 
Komarek, A. W. 
Konkowski, Frank E. 
Konopa, John S. 
Koolish, Mrs. A. L. 
Koolish, Mrs. Michael 
Kopf, Charles W. 
Koptik, Ernest A. 
Kordenat, Dr. Ralph A. 
Korhumel, Joseph N. 
Korshak, J. E. 
Kotin, George N. 
Kovoloff, Dan 
Kowalski, August J. 
Kozakiewicz, Dr. Leon P. 
Koziczynski, Dr. Lucian 
Kracke, Arthur M. 
Kraemer, Otto C. 
Krafft, Walter A. 
Kraft, Dr. Oscar H. 
Kramer, Cletus F. 
Kranstover, Albert H. 
Krausman, Arthur 
Krebs, Charles E. 
Krebs, C. F. 
Krein, Edward N. 
Kremer, C. E. 
Kremm, Mrs. Elmer W. 
Krensky, A. Morris 
Kretzmann, Miss Mary C. 
Kreuscher, Dr. Philip H. 
Kreuzinger, George W. 
Kriete, Frank L. 
Kristy, Mrs. George A. 
Kritchevsky, Wolff 
Kroener, Mrs. C. O. 
Kroesen, W. F. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krueger, O. W. 
Kuderling, Mrs. Mary B. 



Kudner, Arthur H. 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kuh, Dr. Sidney 
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 

KUNSTADTER, A. 
KUNSTADTER, SlGMUND 
KUNSTMANN, MRS. JOHN O. 
KUPPENHEIMER, MRS. J. 

Kurrie, Mrs. H. R. 
Kurtz, George R. 
Kussman, A. C. 

Lackner, Francis A. 
Ladd, CM. 
Laemmle, Mrs. Louis 
Laflin, Charles W. 
Laing, Edward M. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Edward 
Lake, Mrs. R. C. 
Lamb, Frank H. 
Lamb, Frank J. 
Lambert, Mrs. Frank B. 
Lamont, John A. 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Landau, Harold 
Lander, Mrs. Lulu Payton 
Landman, L. W. 
Lane, Steven M. 
Lang, Mrs. W. J. 
Langdon, Buel A. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Lange, Frank E. 
Langert, Abraham M. 
Langhorne, Rev. F. Paul 
Langhorne, Colonel George 

Tayloe 
Langhorst, Mrs. Henry F. 
Lanius, James C. 
Lansing, A. J. 
Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Robert S. 
Larkin, William J. 
Larned, S. J. 
Larsen, Gustave R. 
Larson, Frank A. 
Larson, Gustaf E. 
Larson, Louis P., Jr. 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Lathrop, Frederick A. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Lauder, Robert E. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



253 



Lauter, Mrs. Adolph 
Lauterbach, Mrs. Julius G. 
Lautz, William H. 
Lavender, Mrs. John M. 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Lavin, Mrs. D. J. 
Lavin, Joseph P. 
Law, M. A. 
Lawrence, B. E. 
Lawrence, Victor E. 
Lawson, Lowell A. 
Lawton, Samuel T. 
Lazerson, Abraham 
Leach, George T. 
Leal, Miss Rose B. 
Leathers, Mrs. G. M. 
Leavitt, Dr. Sheldon 
Leavitt, Mrs. W. 
Lederer, Emil L. 
Lee, Andrew 
Lee, Carl 
Lee, Ernest E. 
Lee, J. Owen 
Lee, Mrs. Joseph Edgar 
Lee, Mrs. W. George 
Lee, Mrs. William 
Leech, Miss Alice 
Lees, William 
Leete, Robert S. 
Leffel, P. C. 
Lehman, Robert L. 
Leichtman, Miss Bertha 
Leigh, Edward B. 
Leight, Edward A. 
Leman, Mrs. W. T. 
Lemon, Harvey B. 
Lenfestey, Mrs. J. R. 
Lennox, Edwin 
Lenz, Mrs. George 
Leo, Dr. J. E. 
Leonard, Mrs. William A. 
Leopold, Foreman N. 
Leopold, Harold E. 
Leopold, Mrs. Nathan F. 
LeSage, Rev. John J. 
Leslie, John Woodward 
Lesser, Sol 
Lester, Albert G. 
Levett, Dr. John 
Levey, Clarence J. 
Levin, I. Archer 
Levin, Louis 
Levine, William 
Levinkind, Morris 
Levinson, David 



Levinson, Salmon O. 
Levis, John M. 
Levitan, Louis 
Levitt, George G. 
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K. 
Levy, Harry H. 
Levy, Mrs. Samuel 
LeWald, W. B. 
Lewin, Miss Estella 
Lewis, A. A. 

Lewis, Mrs. Charles Rea 
Lewis, Mrs. Harry G. 
Lewis, J. Henry 
Lewis, Mrs. R. H. 
Lewis, Miss Sara 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0. 
Leytze, Mrs. J. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Libonati, Roland V. 

LlCHTENSTEIN, WALTER 

Lroov, Mrs. Samuel J. 

LlEBENTHAL, MRS. JOHN HENRY 

Lieberthal, Dr. Eugene P. 
Lindburg, Mrs. Della M. 

LlNDHEIMER, ARTHUR J. 

Lindley, Mrs. Arthur F. 
Lindley, Mrs. Fred W. 
Lindsay, Willard C. 
Link, Mrs. Robert 
Linkman, Louis B. 
Linn, Erick N. 
Linn, Mrs. James Weber 
Linn, Mrs. W Scott 
Lipkin, Maurice S. 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippert, Aloysius C. 
Lippert, David 
Lippman, Mrs. Helen M. 
Lipsey, William J. 
List, Paulus 
Lister, Harold R. 
Litsinger, Mrs. Edward R. 
Little, Mrs. Charles D. 
Little, Charles G. 
Livingston, Mrs. K. J. 
Llewellyn, Arthur J. 
Lloyd, A. E. 

Lloyd, Mrs. Grace Chapman 
Lobdell, Harry H. 
Lockett, Oswald, Jr. 
Lodge, Fred S. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Dr. Ludwig M. 
Loeb, Mrs. Michael S. 
Loebl, Jerrold 



254 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Loehr, Karl C. 
Loehwing, Marx 
Loesch, Charles F. 
loewenherz, emanuel 
Loewenstein, Emanuel 
Loewenstein, Nathan 
Logan, Frank G. 
Logan, Frederic D. 
London, Harry 
London, Lionel 
Lorenz, Mrs. George W. 
Lorenzen, H. 
Loszkin, Serje 
Lotko, Joseph 
Lott, Gustav R. 
Louny, Mrs. E. 
Lowenbach, Mrs. William L. 
Lowenthal, Leo B. 
Lowry, Mrs. Nelson H. 
Lowy, Rudolph 
Lozier, Mrs. H. G. 
Lucas, Dr. A. L. 
Luce, Homer J. 
Luebbert, William C. 
Lust, Mrs. H. C. 
Lustig, Maurice 
Lutzow, Fred H. 
Lydston, Mrs. G. Frank 
Lyman, Mrs. H. C. 
Lyman, Mrs. James 
Lynch, Mrs. V. Reges 
Lynch, Miss Viola Marion 
Lyon, Dr. Will F. 

MacArthur, Fred V. 
Mac Donald, E. K. 
MacDonald, Mrs. J. P. 
MacDougal, Miss Anna G. 
MacFadden, William 
Macfarland, Miss Belle 
Macfarland, Lanning 
MacFarlane, Wilbert E. 
MacHarg, Malcolm 
MacKellar, Dr. John D. 
Mackenzie, Mrs. G. S. 
MacLean, Mrs. M. H. 
MacLeod, Dr. S. B. 
MacMahon, Mrs. Cornelius C. 
MacMurray, Mrs. D. 
MacMurray, James E. 
MacNeille, Mrs. C. T. 
Macomb, J. deNavarre 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Madsen, Mrs. T. E. 
Maehler, Arthur E. 
Magnus, Philip H. 



Mahn, Miss S. Agnes 
Mahon, Mrs. Mary T. 
Mair, Robert 
Maisel, George 
Maley, Thomas E. 
Malkov, David S. 
Maltman, Miss Elizabeth E. 
Maltman, James 
Manaster, Henry 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manheimer, Arthur E. 
Manierre, John T. 
Mann, Mrs. C. Hammond 
Mann, Mrs. Louis P. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Marchal, Ernest N. 
Markham, H. I. 
Marks, Alexander 
Marks, Arnold K. 
Marks, Ellis 
Markus, Joseph E. 
Marsh, Charles L. 
Marsh, George E. 
Marsh, John McWilliams 
Marsh, Orlando R. 
Marshall, Raphael P. 
Marston, Mrs. T. B. 
Martin, Mrs. Glen E. 
Martin, Mellen C. 
Martin, Mrs. Walter G. 
Martin, Z. E. 
Marwig, Edward R. 
Marxsen, Miss Dorothea 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Maslawsky, Alex S. 
Mason, Fred B. 
Massena, Roy 
Massmann, Frederick H. 
Masters, Hardin W. 
Mastin, Mrs. W. H. 
Matchett, Mrs. James C. 
Mather, Orian A. 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walter 
Mathews, Albert 
Mathews, Mrs. Shailer 
Mathison, Howard C. 
Matson, H. M. 
Matson, Mrs. J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Matteson, Mrs. DeForrest A. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthies, Dr. Mabel M. 
Matushek, H. A. 
Matz, Miss Ruth H. 
Maurer, J. S. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



255 



Maurer, Mrs. John S. 
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried 
Mautner, Mrs. Vilma 
Maxwell, Mrs. Edward E. 
May, Mrs. George T., Jr. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Adolph A. C. 
Mayer, Clarence 
Mayer, Frank 
Mayer, Mrs. Joseph 
Mayland, Dr. Walter C. 
Maywald, Elmer G. 
McAlear, James 
McAllister, M. Hall 
McArthur, Dr. Lewis L. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCall, Mrs. Robert L. 
McCall, S. T. 
McCann, D. 
McCarrell, Rev. W. 
McCarthy, Donald V. 
McCarthy, George H. 
McCarty, Charles H. 
McCauley, Mrs. Thomas N. 
McClain, Dr. Harris W. 
McClellan, George W. 
McClelland, Mrs. E. B. 
McClun, John M. 
McClure, Donald 
McClure, D. T. 
McComb, Mrs. James J. 
McConnell, G. Malcolm 
McConnell, John L. 
McConnell, John W. 
McCormac, David, Sr. 
McCormack, J. W. 
McCormick, Alister H. 
McCormick, Miss Elizabeth D. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCoy, W. E. 
McCreight, Harry A. 
McDonald, Mrs. Frank W. 
McDonald, L. 
McDonald, P. L. 
McDonald, W. B. 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougall, Mrs. Edward G. 
McDowell, Miss Mary E. 
McElhone, Mrs. Fred 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McFarland, Mrs. Ellis 
McGarry, John A. 
McGinty, Miss Alice L. 
McGoorty, Hon. J. P. 



McGough, S. P. 
McGrath, George E. 
McGrath, Dr. James G. 
McGrath, Thomas S. 
McGregor, James P. 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McHenry, Roland 
McIntosh, Mrs. Robert L. 
McKay, Dr. N. B. 
McKee, Philip L. 
McKibbin, Mrs. George B. 
McKinney, W. O. 
McKnight, William M. 
McLaughlin, Daniel F. 
McLaughlin, Frank L. 
McLaughlin, Dr. James H. 
McLaughlin, Dr. John W. 
McManus, J. P. 

McMurray, Mrs. George Newton 
McNair, Frank 
McNair, Franklin C. 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNamee, Peter F. 
McNerny, Mathew F. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McQuaid, E. J. 
Mead, E. Allen 
Mead, Mrs. Olive M. 
Mead, William H. 
Meade, Mrs. Martha 
Meardon, Mrs. Sarah 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Meeker, Mrs. George W. 
Megaw, Lloyd F. 
Megowan, Lewis E. 
Mehlhop, F. W. 
Meinhardt, Harry 
Melaven, J. G. 
Mellander, Paul C. 
Mellon, Miss Frances A. 
Menge, Dr. Frederick 
Menten, Mrs. Thomas H. 
Mentzer, J. P. 
Mercer, Dr. August W. 
Meredith, Davis D. 
Meredith, O. F. 
Merrick, Mrs. Clinton 
Merrifield, Fred 
Merriman, Mrs. Willis L. 
Mershimer, Dr. James M. 
Messenger, Don E. 
Metcoff, Dr. Samuel 
Mettler, Mrs. L. Harrison 
Metzger, Mrs. George B. 



256 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Metzger, Mrs. J. Fred 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Daniel A. 
Meyer, Raymond N. 
Meyer, Dr. Samuel J. 
Meyers, Mrs. Edward F. 
Meyers, Robert C. 
Michel, Dr. William J. 
Middleton, Mrs. J. A. 
Middleton, Miss May E. 
Miktyn, Mrs. Anthony I. 
Milchrist, Frank T. 
Mileham, Miss Irene 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, Charles J. 
Miller, Edward L. 
Miller, Mrs. James A. 
Miller, Mrs. Marshall D. 
Miller, R. 0. 
Miller, R. T. 
Millett, A. A. 

MlLLIGAN, S. K. 

Milliken, Mrs. Kate M. 
Mills, Mrs. Edwin S. 
Mills, Mrs. Herbert S., Jr. 
Miner, Fred G. 
Minsk, Dr. Louis D. 
Misch, Mrs. Harry N. 
Miskella, William J. 
Mitchell, Abraham 
Mitchell, Clarence B. 
Mitchell, Mrs. Frederick R. 
Mitchell, Dr. James Herbert 
Mizen, Frederick Kimball 
Modene, Oscar F. 
Moe, Mrs. Chester Charles 
Moessel, Professor Julius 
Moldenhauer, Dr. William J. 
Molter, Mrs. W. H. 
Monaco, Dr. Donat F. 
Monchow, Miss Helen C. 
Monighan, Mrs. J. 
Monilaw, Dr. William J. 
Montague, O. 0. 
Monter, Mrs. Charles G. 
Montgomery, Mrs. F H. 
Montgomery, Frederick D. 
Montgomery, Mrs. H. M. S. 
Montgomery, John R. 
Mooney, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. A. Clarke 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 
Moore, Mrs. C. B. 



Moore, Dr. Frank D. 
Moore, Frederick W. 
Moore, Mrs. George Page 
Moore, Mrs. J. W. 
Moore, James H. 
Moore, Dr. Josiah J. 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, North 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, Mrs. S. W. 
Moore, Mrs. W. V. 
Moore, Dr. Willis 
Morelle, Mrs. Lela C. 
Morgan, Mrs. F. W. 

MORGENTHAU, MRS. SIDNEY L. 

Moroney, John J. 
Morris, Ira Nelson 
Morris, Dr. Robert W. 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morrison, Theodore S. 
Morse, Cleveland 
Morsman, Joseph J. 
Morton, Dr. Edward C. 
Moser, Paul 
Moses, Ernest C. 
Moulton, Dr. Eugene A. 
Moulton, William A. 
Mowry, Robert D. 
Moyer, Miss Mabel M. 
Moylan, John N. 
Mudge, Burton 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Mulford, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Mulford, Frank B. 
Mullen, Timothy F. 
Mulliken, A. H. 
Mullin, Lambert J. 
Murfey, E. T. R. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Mrs. J. R. 
Musgrave, Dr. George J. 
Murray, Robert H. 
Murray, Mrs. Robert H. 
Murton, Crawford B. 
Myers, Edwin F. 

Naber, H. G. 
Nabors, A. G. 
Nachtrieb, Charles G. 
Nadler, Charles 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Naffz, Dr. E. F. 
Naffz, Mrs. Louis E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nash, Patrick A. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



257 



Nath, Bernard 

Nathan, Mrs. Arthur S. 

Nau, Otto F. 

Naylor, Miss Marjorie Virginia 

Neal, Thomas C. 

Neal, Mrs. W. B. 

Neff, W. A. 

Neise, George N., Sr. 

Nellis, Mrs. Frank E., Jr. 

Nelson, A. Gerhard 

Nelson, Alvin E. 

Nelson, Miss Amy L. 

Nelson, Byron 

Nelson, Charles M. 

Nelson, Donald M. 

Nelson, Mrs. G. 

Nelson, Harold F. 

Nelson, Horace C. 

Nelson, Miss Lillie H. 

Nelson, Peter B. 

Nelson, Roland B. 

Nelson, Mrs. William D. 

Nelson, William H. 

Nemiro, Dr. A. F. 

Nenneman, William T. 

Nergard, Edwin J. 

Netsch, Mrs. Walter A. 

Neuberger, Carl A. 

Nevins, John C. 

Newberry, Miss Mary L. 

Newburger, J. M. 

Newman, Mrs. Jacob 

Newmann, Edward R. 

Niblack, Mrs. William C. 

Nichols, Dr. H. 

Nichols, Henry C. 

Nickelson, S. T. 

Nickerson, J. F. 

NlCKEY, D. E. 

Nimmons, George C. 
Noble, F. H. 

Nordholz, Dr. William C. 
Norman, Dan 
Norris, Eben H. 
Northam, Martin Kent 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Notheis, Mrs. J. F. 
Nottoli, Frank G. 
Nourse, Frederick W. 
Novak, Dr. Frank J., Jr. 
Novotny, Edward F. 
Nowaczek, Felix S. 
Noyes, Ernest H. 
Noyes, Mrs. John High 
Nugent, Dr. O. B. 



Nutting, C. G. 
Nuyttens, Alfred A. 
Nye, Mrs. James W. 
Nyvall, Dr. Harry O. 

Ober, Woodbury S. 

O'Brien, George W. 

O'Brien, M. J. 

O'Brien, Quin 

O'Brien, Wilbur J. 

O'Callaghan, Henry 

O'Connell, William L. 

O'Connor, Mrs. John 

O'Connor, Joseph W. 

Odell, Mrs. James A. 

O'Donovan, Daniel J. 

Ofner, Jarvis 

Ohnemus, Mrs. Anton 

Oldfield, Dr. R. C. 

Olds, Milford H. 

Oleson, Mrs. J. P. 

Oleson, Dr. Richard Bartlett 

Oliphant, Melville J. 

Oliver, Royston 

Olmstead, Mrs. G. G. 

Olmstead, Ralph W. 

Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 

Olsen, John G. 

Olsen, Olaf C. S. 

Olsen, Mrs. Sigurd 

Opdyke, Mrs. Russell H. 

Ordon, Dr. H. J. 

Ormsby, Mrs. Frank E. 

Ormsby, Miss Kathryn L. 

Orr, Mrs. William George D. 

Orrell, Mrs. Mary E. 

Orrico, Joseph R. 

Orwig, Ralph F. 

Osborn, Clark D. 

Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 

Ostermann, Mrs. R. M. 

Ostott, Mrs. Murray M. 

Otis, Miss M. E. 

O'Toole, Mrs. Bartholomew 

Ott, John Nash 

Otte, E. C. 

Otte, Hugo E. 

Ottman, E. H. 

Packman, Clarence E. 
Paczynski, Mrs. Louis J. 
Paddock, Dr. Charles E. 
Pain, Mrs. John T. 
Palmer, Professor Claude Irwin 
Palmer, George B. 



258 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII 



Palmer, J. M. 
Palmer, Louis O. 
Palmer, P. B., Jr. 
Palmer, Robert F. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Panesi, Stephen F. 
Pardee, Dr. L. C. 
Paris, W. M. 
Parker, Austin H. 
Parker, Mrs. E. Roscoe 
Parker, Mrs. F. W. 
Parker, George S. 
Parker, Leslie M. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parks, J. W. 
Parks, O. J. 

Parsons, Ferdinand H. 
Parsons, W. E. 
Passow, Mrs. Louis A. 
Patch, Mrs. G. M. 
Patek, Edward J. 
Paterson, Morton L. 
Patterson, Miss Minnie L. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patton, Dr. Fred P. 
Patton, Walter I. 
Pauley, Clarence O. 
Peacock, Charles A. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Peck, Mrs. Charles G. 
Peck, Mrs. James 0. 
Peck, Colonel Robert G. 
Pedersen, A. R. 
Peerling, Paul 
Pence, E. M. 
Pencik, Miles F. 
Pennington. Frank K. 
Pennington, Mrs. Robert B. 
Pentecost, Lewis J. 
Pepple, Mrs. Eloise D. 
Pering, Charles H. 
Perry, Mrs. Leslie L. 
Perryman, Mrs. Hattie S. 
Peters, G. M. 
Petersen, Mrs. C. 
Petersen, Mrs. Julius A. 
Peterson, Dr. A. B. 
Peterson, Dr. A. E. 
Peterson, Mrs. Anna J. 
Peterson, Charles S. 
Peterson, J. E. 
Peterson, Percival C. 
Peterson, William F. 
Petrakis, Mrs. Mark E. 
Peyraud, Mrs. Frank C. 



Pfeiffer, Mrs. Jacob 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phalen, W. J. 
Phelan, Miss Anna E. 
Phelan, Charles 
Phelps, Mrs. Edward J. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, Mrs. Louise deKoven 
Phillips, Floyd M. 
Phillips, Mrs. Herbert E. 
Phillips, Howard C. 
Pickard, Mrs. W. A. 
Pickel, William 
Pickell, J. Ralph 
Pickrell, Harvey 
Pierce, Miss Elva J. 
Pierce, Ralph S. 
Pietsch, Walter G. 
Pigall, Mrs. Joseph S. 
Pinyerd, Carl A. 
Piper, Mrs. Adolph H. 
Pister, Rev. Jacob 
Place, F. E. 
Plamondon, Alfred D. 
Plath, Karl 
Plattenburg, S. R. 
Pletcher, T. M. 
Plimpton, Mrs. Nathan C. 
Pogge, R. C. 
Pogue, George N. 
Poisel, Miss Mary 
Pollak, C. J. 
Pollenz, Henry 
Pomeroy, Mrs. Christine 
Pond, George F. 
Pope, S. Austin 

PORONTO, HALSEY E. 

Porter, Mrs. Lee W. 
porterfield, r. h. 
Portis, Dr. Bernard 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Dr. Wilber E. 
Potter, Dr. Hollis E. 
Powell, Mrs. John H. 
Powell, Mrs. Lawrence H. 
Powell, Miss Nellie 
Powell, W. H. 
Powell, Mrs. William H. 
Poyer, Mrs. Stephen A. 
Pratt, Mrs. E. C. 
Prebis, Mrs. John A. 
Prentiss, Mrs. Frank I. 
Preus, Mrs. J. A. O. 
Price, Dorr C. 
Prince, Mrs. A. C. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



259 



Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prindle, James H. 
Prindle, M. L. 
Pringle, Mrs. George W. 
Proctor, Dr. Ernest R. 
Proesch, Mrs. L. C. 
Pronger, Herman F. 
Prosser, H. G. 
Protheroe, Daniel 
Pryor, Maurice G. 
Pryor, Miss Shirley K. 
Pryor, Willis S. 
Pullen, Edward W. 
Pulver, Albert G. 
Pulver, Henri Pierre 
Putnam, C. 

Putnam, Major Rufus W. 
Pynchon, Mrs. Charles E. 
Pyott, Mrs. D. A. 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

QUACKENBUSH, Mr. SAMUEL H. 

qualkinbush, mrs. e. 
qualkinbush, e. q. 
Quinlan, Mrs. Roy 
Quinn, David H. 
Quinn, Edward J. 

Rabe, Victor H. 
Raber, Franklin 
Rader, Rector Roscoe 
Radford, Miss Phyllis 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Raff, Mrs. Arthur 
Raleigh, James F. 
Ralston, Harris P. 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Ramsey, Mrs. George T. 
Randall, C. M. 
Ranke, Miss Emily 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Ransom, Albert, Jr. 
Rapaport, Morris W. 
Rapp, Leo E. 
Rapp, Mrs. Mary G. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rathje, Arthur G. 
Rathje, Mrs. Fred C. 
Rathje, Mrs. Josephine L. 
Rau, Lawrence F. 
Raulf, Carl A. 
Ray, Harry K. 
Raymer, G. L. 
Raymond, Clifford S. 



Raymond, Edwards Frederic 
Raymond, Mrs. Howard D. 
Reed, Mrs. John W. 
Reed, Rufus M. 
Reeder, R. R., Jr. 
Reese, Mrs. C. Henning 
Reese, Miss Catherine E. 
Regensburg, James 
Rehm, Henry J. 
Reich, August C. 
Reid, P. Gordon 
Reid, Hugh 
Rein, Lester E. 
Reinhardt, Mrs. Henry L. 
Reiss, Paul 
Reitz, Miss Carrie E. 
Remington, Dr. Sheppard 
Requa, William B. 
Reuss, George I. 
Reuss, Mrs. Henry H. 
Reynolds, Miss Florence E. 
Reynolds, George H. 
Reynolds, Mrs. H. J. 
Reynolds, J. J. 
Rex, W. H. 
Rice, F. M. 
Rice, Otto M. 
Rich, Kenneth F. 
Richards, George D. 
Richardson, Granville W. 
Richardson, Henry R. 
Richey, Eugene W. 
Rickey, L. D. 
Rider, Mrs. W. B. 
Riel, G. A. 

RlETVELD, S. J. 

Riggs, Mrs. Elmer S. 
Ripley, Mrs. Allen B. 
Ripley, Mrs. E. P. 
Ritchie, Mrs. Robert 
Roach, Mrs. Edward A. 
Roadifer, W. H. 
Roane, Warren 
Robbins, Mrs. Edward E. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Francis R. 
Roberts, Jesse E. 
Robinson, Charles R. 
Robinson, Frank D. 
Robinson, R. V. 
Robinson, S. O. L. 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Rockwood, Frederick T. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodrick, Mrs. Isaac 



260 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Dr. Daniel W. 
Rogers, J. W. 

Rolland, Frederick George 
Rollo, Egbert 
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Rompel, Mrs. Walter 
Roodhouse, Benjamin T. 
Rooney, Hon. John J. 
Rose, E. E. 
Rose, Mrs. Thomas 
Rosenbaum, Edwin S. 
Rosenbaum, Julius 
Rosenberg, Bernhard 
rosenfeld, m. j. 
Rosenfels, Irwin S. 

ROSENFIELD, MORRIS S. 

Rosenow, Milton C. 
Rosenstein, Joseph 
Rosenthal, Nathan H. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. Ralph J. 
Ross, Dr. L. J. 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Roth, Henry 
Roth, Mrs. Lester 
Rothschild, Mrs. Louis G. 
Rothstein, Dr. Thor 

ROUNTREE, LlNGARD T. 

Rowe, Charles B. 
Rowell, Dr. L. W. 
Rowles, E. W. A. 
Rowley, Mrs. James F. 
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 
Rud, Mrs. Anthony 
Rudolph, Miss Bertha 
ruettinger, j. c. 
Ruggles, Dr. William L. 
Rummler, Eugene A. 
Russell, John A. 
Rutherford, M. D. 
Ryan, Thomas C. 

Sabath, Isidor 
Sabath, Hon. Joseph 
Sachs, Paul J. 
Sachs, Philip G. 
Sackett, Mrs. Homer S. 
Sackley, Mrs. John B. 
Sage, Mrs. William 
Salinger, Harry 
Salk, Mrs. Jacob 
Salsman, Mrs. Alice K. 
Saltzstein, Felix C. 
Salzman, Max J. 



Sample, Mrs. John Glen 
Sampson, H. J. 
Sampson, Dr. S. 
Sanborn, Frank A. 
Sandberg, Mrs. Harry S. 
Sandel, Mrs. S. 
Sanders, H. A. 
Sanders, Mrs. L. L. 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Sands, Mrs. Henry 
Sartain, Charles A. 
Sauer, Dr. Raymond J. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Saunders, Percy G. 
Sawyer, Miss Anna Grace 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sawyer, Mrs. Percy 
Schaar, Bernard E. 
Schafer, 0. J. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Albert 
schaffner, arthur b. 
Schaffner, Herbert T. 
Schantz, O. M. 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Schiessle, M. 
Schiewe, Robert A. 
Schmidt, Adolph 
Schmidt, Ernest A. 
Schmidt, Ernest E. 
Schmidt, Dr. Herbert J. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Otto G. 
Schmidt, Dr. Otto L. 
Schmidt, Richard E. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, George A. 
Schniglau, Charles H. 
Schnuchel, Reinhold H. 
Schoen, F. J. 
Schoenbrun, Leo 
Schoepfle, Mrs. Martin 
Schreiner, Mrs. Francis Louis 
schroeder, august f. 
schroeder. dr. mary g. 
schroeder, p. a. 
Schueler, Robert 
Schulze, Paul 
Schwab, Dr. Leslie W. 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwaegerman, Mrs. George J. 
Schwartz, G. A. 
Schwartz, Louis S. 
Schwarz, August 
Schwarz, Dr. Leigh E. 
Schweitzer, E. 0. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



261 



Schweitzer, Richard J. 

Schweizer, Carl 

Scofield, Timothy J. 

Scott, Dr. E. Newton 

Scott, Gerald R. 

Scott, Dr. James McDonald 

Scott, John D. 

Scott, Dr. Walter Dill 

Seaquist, Mrs. Seth 

Searle, Dr. C. Howard 

Seaverns, Louis C. 

Sebelien, A. E. 

Sefton, Mrs. John 

Seibold, Arthur B. 

Seidscher, Jacob 

Seifer, Mrs. N. 

Seifert, Mrs. Emma 

Seip, Fred 

Selig, Mrs. Joseph J. 

Selz, Emanuel 

Selz, Mrs. J. Harry 

Senear, Dr. F. E. 

Senior, Mrs. John L. 

Senne, John A. 

Sethness, Charles 0. 

Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 

Seymour, Fred P. 

Shaffer, Harry 

Shaffer, Mrs. Norman P. 

Shanahan, David E. 

Shanesy, Mrs. Ralph D. 

Shanks, Oscar 

Shannon, Neil J. 

Shapiro, Dr. Hyman B. 

Shapiro, I. M. 

Shapiro, J. F. 

Shattuck, Charles H. 

Shaw, A. W. 

Shaw, Henry P. 

Shaw, Mrs. Henry P. 

Shaw, Joseph J. 

Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 

Sheafe, J. S. 

Shearman, C. E. 

Shedd, Charles E. 

Shepard, Guy C. 

Shepard, Stuart G. 

Shepherd, Mrs. Claude H. 

Sherbahn, Jacob M. 

Sherer, Samuel J. 

Sheridan, L. J. 

Sherman, Edwin 

Sherman, Mrs. Francis C, Sr. 

Sherman, H. C. 

Sherman, Louis A. 



Shibley, A. E. 

Shipley, Dr. Carl V. 

Shipman, George E. 

Shiverick, Mrs. A. F. 

Shores, Dr. Clarence E. 

Shorey, Clyde E. 

Shortall, John L. 

Shotwell, Alfred H. 

Shuesler, Charles R. 

Shurtleff, Miss L. H. 

Sievers, William H. 

Silber, C. J. 

sllverberg, william 

Silverman, Joseph 

Simmonds, Dr. Walter E. 

Simmons, Parke E. 

Simons, Mrs. V. D., Jr. 

Simpson, Dr. Elmer E. 

Sindelar, Joseph C. 

Sinding, John W. 

Singleton, Mrs. Charles J. 

Sinsheimer, Benjamin 

Sippel, Mrs. Cornelius 

Sisson, O. U. 

Skinner, Miss Frederika 

Skog, Mrs. Ludvig 

Slade, Alfred 

Slade, John C. 

Slaten, Mrs. Frederick A. 

Slavik, William 

Smejkal, Dr. Harry J. 

Smith, C. F. Mather 

Smith, Mrs. Edward E. 

Smith, Mrs. Edwin 

Smith, Frederick W. 

Smith, Gilbert M. 

Smith, Glen E. 

Smith, Henry T. 

Smith, Dr. Herman 

Smith, Jesse L. 

Smith, Miss Mary Rozet 

Smith, O. Jay 

Smith, Paishe B. 

Smith, S. W. 

Smith, Mrs. Wilfred M. 

Smith, William D. 

Snyder, Erwin P. 

Snyder, Thomas D. 

Soares, Professor Theodore G. 

Soest, Walter H. 

Solle, Will H. 

Sollitt, Ralph T. 

SOMERVILLE, THOMAS A. 

Sommers, Werner H. 
Soper, Mrs. J. P., Jr. 



262 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Soper, Thomas 

Sorley, Mrs. Milford S. 

Spades, M. H. 

Speed, Dr. Kellogg 

Speer, Henry D. 

Spensley, H. George 

Speyer, Mrs. George W. 

Spiegel, Philip 

Spiegler, Frank F. 

Spiesman, Dr. M. G. 

Spieth, W. S. 

Spindler, Mrs. R. W. 

Spivek, Herman 

Spohn, John F. 

Spohr, Frank M. 

Spry, George 

Spurgeon, H. F. 

Stafford, Charles W. 

Staley, Miss Mary B. 

Stalla, Karl 

Stallwood, S. C. 

Stangle, Mrs. Mary W. 

Staniewicz, Joseph V. 

Stanton, C. N. 

Stanton, Howard B. 

Starr, Dr. Paul 

Starrett, James W. 

Stearns, Fred 

Stecher, Walter R. 

Steele, Leo M. 

Steffensen, Sigurd 
Stein, Mrs. Adolph 
Stein, Dr. Otto J. 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steinberg, Samuel E. 
Steiner, Max 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steinson, Henry G. 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Stenson, Miss Jane A. 
Stephenson, Samuel G. 
Sterling, Douglas T. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Sternberg, Morris 
Stevens, David H. 
Stevens, Ernest 
Stevenson, James R. D. 
Stewart, S. Chandler 
Stewart, William 
Stobbe, Paul D. 
Stockton, A. C. 
Stockton, Mrs. John Thaw 
Stockton, Miss Josephine 



Stoehr, Kurt 
Stoelting, C. H. 
Stolzenbach, Miss Emma W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Straten, Dr. Hubert J. 
Straus, Arthur W. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Strauss, Jesse L. 
Strauss, Mrs. Lee J. 
Strawn, Taylor 
Street, C. R. 
Street, Edward P. 
Strigl, F. C. 
Stringer, A. E. 
Stringer, John T. 
Strom, Arthur B. 
Strong, Gordon 
Strong, Dr. L. Willis 
Stuart, Alexander 
Stuart, Charles W. 
Stubenrauch, William F. 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturman, M. Robert 
Sublette, Mrs. Oscar H. 
Sullivan, Frank R. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Sullivan, Michael J. 
Sulzberger, S. L. 

SUMERFIELD, EDWARD C. 

Summy, Clayton F. 
Sundell, Ernest W. 
Sundlof, F. W. 
Sutton, John M. 
Svoboda, Frank A. 
Swanson, Mrs. Bertha 
Swatek, Dr. Edwin Paul 
Swenson, S. P. O. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, T. Philip 

SZMERGALSKI, THEODORE J. 

Taft, Robert H. 
Tankersley, J. N. 
Tash, J. Donald 
Tatge, Mrs. Paul W. 
Taulbee, Mrs. Katherine H. 
Taylor, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Graham 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, M. B. 
Taylor, Mrs. O. L. 
Teagle, E. W. 
Teckemeyer, A. O. 









Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



263 



Teevan, John C. 
Tegtmeyer, Ernest F. 
Teich, Max L. 
Telfer, Thomas A. 
Teller, George L. 
Tennant, Colin McK., Sr. 
Tenney, Henry F. 
Terpning, B. E. 
Terry, Dr. C. Roy 
Terry, Mrs. Schuyler B. 
Thacher, Mrs. F. B. 
Thal, Miss Elsie 
Tharaldsen, Mrs. H. I. 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Thayer, Harry W. 
Theobald, Dr. Walter H. 
Thiebeault, Charles J., Jr. 
Thom, H. C. 
Thomas, Charles F. 
Thomas, Rev. George H. 
Thomas, Mrs. Henry Bascom 
Thomas, Richard H., Jr. 
Thomas, Roy K. 
Thomas, Dr. Walter N. 
Thompson, Lavern W. 
Thompson, Dr. Orion K. 
Thomson, Mrs. Charles M. 
Thomson, George W. 
Thomson, James 
Thorsness, Lionel G. 
Throop, George Enos 
Tiedebohl, Edward R. 
Tieken, Dr. Theodore 
Tiers, Louis P. 
Tinsley, Mrs. William 

TlTTERINGTON, MlSS SUSAN E. 

Todd, A. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Torrison, Dr. George A. 
Towner, H. C. 
Tracy, George W. 
Tramel, Forsyth 
Traxler, Dr. Abigail 
Triggs, Charles W. 
Trotzkey, Elias L. 
Troup, Paul V. 
Troxel, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Troy, Leo J. 
Truc, Walter 
Trude, Mrs. A. S. 
Trude, Mrs. George A. 
Truman, Percival H. 
Trumbull, Miss Florence 
Tubergen, Dr. Benjamin F. 
Turnbull, William J. 



Turner, George 
Turner, Mrs. George T. 
Turner, Marshall S. 
Tuttle, Charles 
Tuttle, W. F. 
Tye, Frank E. 
Tyler, Alfred C. 
Tyrrell, Frank J. 

Uhlir, Joseph Z. 
Uland, Edwin L. 
Ungaro, Gerald M. 
Updike, Fred P. 
Upham, Robert P. 
Urbanski, August G. 
Urheim, Dr. 0. J. 
Utley, George B. 
Utter, Arthur J. 

Vail, Mrs. G. B. 
VanBuren, Mrs. Mildred 
Vance, Walter N. 
VanDellen, Dr. R. L. 
VanDeursen, John S. 
VanDort, G. Broes 
VanHoosen, Dr. Bertha 
VanSchaick, Mrs. Ethel R. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vaughan, Roger T. 
Vaughn, A. M. 
Veatch, Byron E. 
Venard, Mrs. George C. 
Vernia, Mrs. Edward P. 
Vernon, Harvey C. 
Vilas, Mrs. George B. 
Vinton, Mrs. Gertrude J. 
Vlasak, Joseph C. 
Vogleson, Mrs. E. M. 
Volk, Carl B. 
Volk, Mrs. John 
Volk, Paul 
Voltz, Daniel W. 
Voorhees, James M. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederick P. 

Wadsworth, Charles 
Wadsworth, Miss Helen C. 
Wagner, Miss Coletta M. 
Wagner, Edwin L. 
Wagner, H. D. 
Wagner, Miss Mabel M. 
Wagner, Richard 
Wahl, Albert 
Waite, Mrs. C. B. 
Waite, Miss Muriel W. 



264 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII 



Walbert, A. J. 
Walborn, Miss Zena 
Walcott, Mrs. R. S. 
Waldeck, Herman 
Waldo, Dr. Proctor C. 
Waldron, John C. 
Waldschmidt, William K. 
Walker, Barton F. 
Walker, Miss Edith M. 
Walker, James R. 
Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wallner, Dr. John S. 
Walsh, Martin 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walton, Dr. B. C. 
Walton, Lyman A. 
Warfield, Mrs. W. S. 
Warren, Mrs. Frank 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. James Murray 
Waters, R. T. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Jesse M. 
Watson, R. G. 
Waugh, William Francis 
Weakly, F. B. 
Weary, Edwin D. 
Weber, Dr. Samuel L. 
Webster, Charles R. 
Webster, Edgar Converse 
Webster, Dr. Edgar M. 
Webster, Towner K., Jr. 
Weddell, John 
Wegg, Donald R. 
Weichbrodt, Rudolph C. 
Weigen, Dr. Anders J. 
Weil, Mrs. Julius E. 
Weil, Mrs. Victor 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weintroub, Benjamin 
Weisbach, John G. 
Weisl, E. L. 
Weiss, Mrs. A. J. 
Weissbrenner, Dr. R. F. 
Welch, Dr. John T. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward Kenneth 
Wells, Mrs. Eva Thornton 
Wells, Dr. H. Gideon 
Wells, Howard I. 
Wentworth, John 
Wermuth, Dr. Arthur W. 
Wescott, Dr. Cassius D. 
West, Frederick T. 
Westbrook, Mrs. E. S. 



Westman, Edward C. 
Weston, Charles V. 
Westphal, Miss Mary E. 
Westrich, Mrs. F. A. 
Whamond, Dr. Alex A. 
Whamond, Dr. Frederick G. 
Whatley, S. T. 
Wheeler, Seymour 
Wheelock, W. W. 
Whise, Dr. Melchior 
White, Edward S. 
White, Emanuel H. 
White, George H. 
White, James E. 
Whitehorn, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Whiting, Robert B. 
Whitlock, S. J. 
Whitney, Charles P. 
Wicks, James E. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 

WlENHOEBER, MlSS EDNA C. 

Wiersma, Asa 
Wigent, Miss Zella 
Wilborn, Charles 
Wilbur, Fred T. 
Wilce, George C. 
Wild, A. Clement 
Wild, Payson S. 
Wild, Richard 
Wilder, Mrs. Harold 
Wilder, Mrs. Loren 
Wilder, Paul 
Wilder, Mrs. T. E. 
Wiley, Edward N. 
Wilhelm, Frank Edward 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Willett, Albert V. 
Willetts, George M. 
Williams, C. Arch 
Williams, Chauncey V. 
Williams, Clifford H. 
Williams, Dr. E. B. 
Williams, Mrs. Eugene P. 
Williams, Mrs. F. L. 
Williams, Mrs. Lawrence 
Williams, Lynn A. 
Williams, Dr. Richard A. 
Williamson, D. 
Wilson, Arthur R. 
Wilson, Miss Carolyn 
Wilson, George Landis 
Wilson, Lucius E. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, R. F. 



Jan. 1930 



Annual Report of the Director 



265 



Wilson, Robert C. 
Wilson, Mrs. Sylvester E. 
Wilson, William G. 
Windes, Mrs. Frank A. 

WlNDMULLER, S. W. 

Wing, John E. 
Winston, Bertram M. 
Winter, I. 
Winterbotham, John R. 

WlNTERBOTHAM, MRS. JOHN R., Jr. 

Wise, Mrs. Harold 

WlTHERBEE, W. E. 

Witkowsky, Miss Esther 
Witkowsky, James 
Wolbach, Murray 
Wolfe, William C. 
Wolff, Christian J. 
Wolff, Mrs. Fred H. 
Wolff, George F. 
Wood, Donald 
Wood, James O. 
Wood, John H. 
Woodcock, Andrew J. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, M. P. 
Woods, Edward G. 
Woods, Fred W. 
Woodward, Robert M. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin Turner 
Wool, Israel W. 
Wordel, William F. 
Worsley, A. A. 



Worthley, Wallace F. 
Wray, Don C. 
Wray, Mrs. James G. 
Wright, Miss Dorothy . 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Dr. James A. 
Wright, William V. D. 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wry, C. E. 

Yavitz, Joseph T. 
Yeakel, Dr. William K. 
Yeomans, Charles 
Young, George W. 
Young, James W. 
Young, Joseph W. 
Youngberg, Arthur C. 
Younglove, James C. 
Yuenger, H. T. 

Zane, John Maxcy 
Zeitz, Andrew R. 
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Zeuch, Dr. Lucius P. 
Ziff, Peter 
Zimmerman, Irving 
Zimmerman, Ralph W. 

ZlMMERMANN, MRS. P. T. 

Zoelck, Mrs. Frank 
zolla, abner m. 
Zolla, David M. 

ZUCKER, W. J. 



Deceased, 1929 



Berger, Mrs. H. 
Bolles, C. E. 
Byrne, Thomas H. 

Carroll, Michael A. 
Cass, Mrs. Roy H. 
Comerford, Hon. Frank 
Cooper, Fred W. 
Crawford, Frederick E. 

Dixon, Simeon W. 
Dooley, Mrs. Albert G. 

Eaton, Dr. D. B. 
Eddy, Mrs. Morris R. 

Ford, T. A. 

Gaston, Clarence E. 
Grund, Harry T. 

Hessert, Dr. William 



Kyle, Mrs. Robert T. 
Leicht, Mrs. Andrew E. 

LlNDHEIMER, S. W. 

Moore, Charles Brearley 
Newmark, John T. 

Peine, Adolphus G. 
Pond, Allen B. 

Rapp, Fred G. 

Sommer, Mrs. Alfred N. 
Stoddart, Charles H. 
Sullivan, Charles H. 

Weiss, Samuel H. 
Whitehead, W. M. 
Wilson, M. H. 



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