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OF m 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Founded by Marshall Field, 1893 

Publication 318 

Report Series 

Vol. IX, No. 2 






January, 1933 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. IX, Plate XXIII 


A Trustee of the Museum, Chairman of the Finance Committee, and a generous supporter 

of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Founded by Marshall Field, 1893 

Publication 318 

Report Series 

Vol. IX, No. 2 






CCTIO i933 


January, 1933 

290 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


Bequests to Field Museum of Natural History may be made in 
securities, money, books or collections. They may, if desired, take 
the form of a memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the 
giver. For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, the 
following form is suggested : 


I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of Natural 
History of the City of Chicago, State of lUinois, 

Cash coTdrihulions made within the taxable year to 
Field Museum of Natural History to an amount not in 
excess of 15 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allou>- 
able as deductions in computing net income under Article 
251 of Regulation 69 relating to the income tax under the 
Revenue Act of 1926. 

Endowments may be made to the Museum with the 
provision that an annuity be paid to the patron during his 
or her lifetime. These annuities are tax-free and are 
guaranteed against fluctuation in amount. 


> "^ — 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 291 



List of Plates 293 

Officers, Trustees and Committees, 1932 295 

Former Members of the Board of Trustees 296 

Former Officers 297 

List of Staff 298 

Report of the Director 299 

Department of Anthropology 318 

Department of Botany 327 

Department of Geology 340 

Department of Zoology 354 

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 364 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation for 

Public School and Children's Lectures 365 

Lectures for Adults 371 

Library 372 

Division of Printing 373 

Divisions of Photography and Illustration 374 

Division of Publications 375 

Division of Public Relations 375 

Division of Memberships 377 

Cafeteria 377 

Comparative Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts . . 378 

Comparative Financial Statements 379 

List of Accessions 380 

List of Members 397 

Benefactors 397 

Honorary Members 397 

Patrons 397 

Corresponding Members 398 

292 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Contributors 398 

Corporate Members 399 

Life Members 399 

Non-Resident Life Members 401 

Associate Members 402 

Non-Resident Associate Members 416 

Sustaining Members 416 

Annual Members 417 


Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 




XXIIL Albert W. Harris 289 

XXIV. The Late Martin A. Ryerson 304 

XXV. African Scene Representing a Water-hole in 

Southern Abyssinia 312 

XXVI. Section of George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith 

Hall (Hall 24) 320 

XXVII. Reproduction of Flowering Branch of Tulip Tree 

{Liriodendron tulipifera) 336 

XXVIII. Mural Painting, African Reptiles of Permian 

Time 348 

XXIX. Giant Sable Antelope 356 

XXX. Indian Water Buffalo 360 

XXXI. Tjrpe of Case Loaned to the Schools of Chicago by 

the N. W. Harris Public School Extension ... 368 

Jan, 1933 Annual Report of the Director 295 


Stanley Field 

First Vice-President Second Vice-President 

Martin A. Ryerson* Albert A. Sprague 

Third Vice-President Secretary 

James Simpson Stephen C. Simms 

Treasurer and Assistarit Secretary 
Solomon A. Smith 


Sewell L. Avery William H. Mitchell 

John Borden Frederick H. Rawson 

William J. Chalmers George A. Richardson 

Marshall Field Martin A. Ryerson* 

Stanley Field Fred W. Sargent 

Ernest R. Graham Stephen C. Simms 

Albert W. Harris James Simpson 

Samuel Insull, Jr. Solomon A. Smith 

William V. Kelley* Albert A. Sprague 

Cyrus H. McCormick Silas H. Strawn 

John P. Wilson 


Executive. — Stanley Field, Albert W. Harris, William J. Chalmers, 
James Simpson, Albert A. Sprague, Marshall Field, Ernest R. 
Graham, Silas H. Strawn. 

Finance. — Albert W. Harris, Martin A. Ryerson,* James Simpson, 
Solomon A. Smith, Frederick H. Rawson. 

Building. — William J. Chalmers, Cyrus H. McCormick, Samuel 
Insull, Jr., Ernest R. Graham, William H. Mitchell. 

Auditing. — James Simpson, George A. Richardson, Fred W. Sargent. 

Pension. — Albert A. Sprague, William V. Kelley,* Solomon A. Smith. 

• Deceased 

296 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


George E. Adams* 1893-1917 

OwenF. Aldis* 1893-1898 

Allison V. Armour 1893-1894 

Edward E. Ayer* 1893-1927 

John C. Black* 1893-1894 

M.C.Bullock* 1893-1894 

Daniel H. BuRNHAM* 1893-1894 

George R. Davis* 1893-1899 

James W. Ellsworth* 1893-1894 

Charles B. Farwell* 1893-1894 

Frank W. Gunsaulus* 1893-1894, 1918-1921 

Emil G. Hirsch* 1893-1894 

Charles L. Hutchinson* 1893-1894 

John A. Roche* ' 1893-1894 

Edwin Walker* 1893-1910 

Watson F. Blair* 1894-1928 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1894-1919 

Huntington W. Jackson* 1894-1900 

Arthur B. Jones* 1894-1927 

George Manierre* 1894-1924 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1910 

Norman Williams* 1894-1899 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1899-1905 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1902-1921 

George F. Porter* 1907-1916 

Richard T. Crane, Jr.* 1908-1912, 1921-1931 

John Barton Payne 1910-1911 

Chauncey Keep* 1915-1929 

Henry Field* 1916-1917 

William Wrigley, Jr.* 1919-1931 

Harry E.Byram 1921-1928 

D. C. Da vies* 1922-1928 

Charles H. Markham* 1924-1930 


Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 297 



Edward E. Ayer* 1894-1898 

Harlow N. Higinbotham* 1898-1908 

Second Vice-Presidents 

Norman B. Ream* 1894-1902 

Marshall Field, Jr.* 1902-1905 

Stanley Field 1906-1908 

Watson F. Blair* 1909-1928 

Third Vice-Presidents 

Albert A. Sprague 1921-1928 


Ralph Metcalf 1894 

George Manierre* 1894-1907 

Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1907-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 


Byron L. Smith* 1894-1914 


Frederick J. V. Skiff* 1893-1921 

D. C. Davies* 1921-1928 


298 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


Stephen C. Simms, Director 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY.— Berthold Laufer, Curator; A. L. 
Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology. Assistant Curators: 
Albert B. Lewis, Melanesian Ethnology; J. Eric Thompson, Central and South 
American Archaeology; Paul S. Martin, North American Archaeology; Wilfrid 
D. Hambly, African Ethnology; Henry Field, Physical Anthropology; T. 
George Allen, Egyptian Archaeology; John G. Prasuhn,* Modeler. 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY.— B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator; Paul C. 
Standley, Associate Curator of the Herbarium; J. Francis Macbride, Assistant 
Curator of Taxonomy; Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Tech- 
nology; Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood Technology; Carl Neuberth, 
Custodian of the Herbarium. 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY.— Oliver C. Farrington, Curator; Henry W. 
Nichols, Associate Curator; Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology; 
Sharat K. Roy, Assistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology; Bryan Patterson, 
Assistant in Paleontology. 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY.— Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator. Mammals: 
Colin C. Sanborn, Assistant Curator; Julius Friesser, C. J. Albrecht, A. G. 
Rueckert, Taxidermists. Birds: C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator; Rudyerd 
Boulton, Assistant Curator; Boardman Conover, Research Associate; R. Magoon 
Barnes, Assistant Curator of Birds' Eggs; Ashley Hine, Taxidermist. Amphib- 
ians AND Reptiles: Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator; Leon L. Walters, 
Taxidermist. Fishes: Alfred C. Weed, Assistant Curator; Leon L. Pray, Taxi- 
dermist. Insects: William J. Gerhard, Associate Curator; Emil Liljeblad, 
Assistant. Osteology: Edmond N. Gueret, Assistant Curator; Dwight Davis, 
Assistant. Artist: Charles A. Corwin. 

Curator; A, B. Wolcott, Assistant Curator. 

Margaret M. Cornell, Chief; Franklin C. Potter, June Work,* Miriam Wood, 
Gordon S. Pearsall,* Guide-lecturers. 

LIBRARY.— Emily M. Wilcoxson, Librarian; Mary W. Baker, Assistant Librarian. 

ADMINISTRATION.— Clifford C. Gregg, Assistant to the Director; Benjamin 
Bridge, Auditor; Henry F. Ditzel, Registrar; Elsie H. Thomas, Recorder— 
in charge of publication distribution; H. B. Harte, Public Relations; Pearle 
Bilinske, Memberships; J. L. Jones, Purchasing Agent. 

PRINTING.— Dewey S. Dill, in charge; Lillian A. Ross, Editor and Proofreader. 

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION.— C. H. Carpenter, Photographer; 
Carl F. Gronemann, Illustrator; A. A. Miller, Photogravurist. 

MAINTENANCE.— John E. Glynn, Superintendent; W. H. Corning, Chief 

Engineer; W. E. Lake, Assistant Engineer. 



To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History: 

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the 
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1932. 

The year 1932 stands out as one of acute economic and financial 
disturbance. Educational institutions, in common with all other 
public or quasi-public corporations, suffered a serious decline in the 
value of securities held in endowment funds, as well as a heavy 
decline in income from all sources. 

The Museum started the year with a very much reduced budget, 
but as the year advanced it became apparent that expenditures 
must be further reduced in order to keep them in line with a declining 

To accomplish this certain salaries were adjusted; then a 
horizontal reduction of 10 per cent was made in all salaries above 
$100 per month. Unfortunately, it was necessary also to reduce 
the staff in many divisions of the Museum, and to reduce sub- 
stantially, and in some cases discontinue, certain activities. 

All expeditions were called home, except those financed by funds 
especially contributed, and economies were put in force throughout 
the institution. 

The income in 1932 was $267,000 less than in 1931, and expenses 
were reduced $273,000; the item of general operation and main- 
tenance alone was reduced $198,000 (see financial statement on 
page 379). 

In spite of this the institution has been able to give full service 
to the public, and, in fact, has extended its educational influence 
to a greater number of persons than in any previous year. 

The number of visitors to the Museum during 1932 was 1,824,202, 
an increase of 308,666, as compared with 1931, or 20 per cent — this 
compares with an increase of 13.5 per cent in 1931 over 1930. The 
number of persons (chiefly children) reached by extra-mural educa- 
tional activities conducted by the institution was approximately 
700,000, making a total of some 2,500,000 persons who benefited 
directly from the Museum's operations. Even this figure does not 
take into consideration the incalculable number of people, probably 
running into milUons, who are the recipients of knowledge dis- 


300 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

seminated from the Museum in more indirect ways, such as circula- 
tion of its publications, leaflets and Field Museum News, reports 
of Museum activities published in the newspapers, radio broad- 
casting, motion picture newsreels, and other methods. 

In the face of the increased attendance, paid admissions decreased 
substantially in 1931 and 1932, a fact undoubtedly attributable to 
the business depression. Paid admissions in 1930 were 160,924; in 
1931—126,207; and in 1932—82,607, a decrease of 343^ per cent in 
paid attendance during the last mentioned year. 

It is noteworthy that only 43^ per cent of the total number of 
visitors to the Museum during 1932 paid admission. The attend- 
ance on free days, plus the free admissions on pay days granted to 
Members, children, teachers, students, etc., amounted to 1,741,595 
in 1932, or 226,055 more than the combined total of free and paid 
admissions during 1931. From these figures the conclusion seems 
to be fully justified that the Museum, in addition to its normal 
functions, is rendering special public service by providing something 
of interest for large numbers of people who for the time being are 
no longer able to afford other forms of recreation. 

The highest attendance for any single day during 1932 occurred 
on Sunday, September 4, when 36,629 persons visited the Museum. 

It is estimated that more than one-third of the visitors to the 
Museum were children. In addition to these, 181,672 children 
heard, in their classrooms and assemblies, natural history lessons 
(illustrated with stereopticon slides) presented by lecturers from 
the Museum sent to the schools by the James Nelson and Anna 
Louise Raymond Foundation for Public School and Children's 
Lectures; and more than 500,000 children were given daily oppor- 
tunities throughout the school year for study of the traveling natural 
history exhibits circulated by the Department of the N. W. Harris 
Public School Extension among all the public schools, and many 
private schools, community centers, and other institutions of Chicago. 
The schedule of deliveries and collections of these cases maintained 
by the Harris Extension provides each school with two of these 
cases every two weeks. 

The Raymond Foundation, in addition to the extension lectures 
in the schools mentioned above, provided at the Museum itself 
programs and tours for 69,447 children (included in the general 
attendance figures for the Museum), thus making a total of 251,119 
reached by the Foundation's various activities both inside and 
outside the building. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 301 

In recognition of his eminent services to the Museum, and his 
noteworthy contributions to anthropological knowledge about the 
Chinese, Dr. Davidson Black, Professor of Anatomy at Peking 
Union Medical College (Rockefeller Foundation), Peiping, China, 
was elected a Corresponding Member of the Museum. Dr. Black 
is noted for his research work in comparative anatomy and physical 
anthropology. During the visit to China of Miss Malvina Hoffman, 
the sculptor commissioned by Field Museum to make bronze 
figures, busts and heads of various racial types for Chauncey Keep 
Memorial Hall, Dr. Black cooperated wholeheartedly, placing excel- 
lent facilities for work at her disposal, and assisting her in obtaining 
living models of the types most desired. 

In recognition of his gifts, which in 1932 reached a total of more 
than $3,000 in value, the name of Dr. Earl E. Sherff was added to 
the list of Contributors to the Museum. 

New Life Members of the Museum elected during 1932 are Mrs. 
C. T. Boynton and Mrs. Ogden Armour. 

A list of Members in all classes will be found at the end of this 
Report (p. 397). 

With keenest regret there must be recorded here the loss by death 
of two of the Museum's Trustees, Mr. William V. Kelley, and Mr. 
Martin A. Ryerson. The great services and benefactions the Museum 
received from these two men are indicated in the resolutions in their 
honor adopted after their deaths by their fellow Trustees. 

At its meeting held on February 15 the Board of Trustees adopted 
the following resolution in honor of Mr. Kelley: 

"It is with deep sorrow and the sense of a great loss that the 
Board of Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History does hereby 
record the death, on January 21, 1932, of its esteemed member, 
William V. Kelley, who was a true friend of science and of the 

"The death of Mr. Kelley, whose rare personal charm endeared 
him to all, represents a keenly felt personal loss to the Trustees. 
To the institution it means the passing of one whose deep interest 
in its mission led him to give freely to it of his time and his thought, 
as well as in the form of many generous benefactions. 

"Mr. Kelley will be remembered not only at Field Museum, 
but throughout the scientific world, for the increase in zoological 
knowledge which he made possible by financing so generously the 
William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia for Field 

302 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Museum in 1928-29. This expedition, one of the greatest and most 
successful undertakings of its kind, obtained many specimens of 
rare animals in little-known regions, and its results, exemplified by 
highly valued additions to the Museum's exhibits and study collec- 
tions, and by publications containing noteworthy contributions to 
the world's store of knowledge, make a perpetual monument to the 
memory of Mr. Kelley. It was in recognition of this that the Trustees 
dedicated one of the Museum halls — William V. Kelley Hall. 

"Mr. Kelley's life was a splendid example of the rise of a man of 
ability and high principles from humble beginnings to a position of 
leadership. By the sheer force of his talents and his fidelity to his 
work he carved for himself an influential career in various industries 
and in banking. 

"Field Museum was one of the principal beneficiaries of the 
intelligent public-spirited interest he manifested in civic affairs. 
Impressed with the work the Museum was accomplishing as an 
educative influence in the community, Mr. Kelley became a Life 
Member. As his interest grew his many gifts to the institution 
assumed large proportions, and the Trustees honored him by adding 
his name to the list of Benefactors. In further tribute to his valuable 
services, the Trustees elected him an Honorary Member, and in 
October, 1929, chose him as a fellow Trustee. In this capacity he 
continued to serve with the greatest zeal until the last days of his 
life. Still further evidence of his deep and genuine interest in and 
affection for the Museum was revealed when his will, in which he 
bequeathed $50,000 to the institution, was probated. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our admiration 
and esteem for Mr. Kelley, and our grief at his passing and the 
loss of his counsel and companionship, be permanently preserved 
on the records of the Board. 

"And, be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to the members of his family in their bereavement, and that a copy 
of this resolution be sent to his widow." 

At a meeting of the Board of Trustees held on November 21, 
the following resolution was adopted in honor of Mr. Ryerson: 

"The Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History sorrowfully 
record the death of Martin A. Ryerson, a veteran fellow member 
of the Board, whose great and valuable services to the institution 
began at the time of its founding and continued throughout the 
years since. Mr. Ryerson died on August 11, 1932, at the age of 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 303 

seventy-five. He was one of the Incorporators of Field Museum, 
a Trustee since it was organized in 1893, and First Vice-President 
since 1894. He rendered important services also as a member of 
the Executive Committee from 1894 to 1914, and as a member of the 
Finance Committee from 1901 to 1932. In addition, he was a 
Corporate Member, and became a Life Member about 1896. 

"Mr. Ryerson was one of the Museum's staunchest friends and 
most ardent workers. The interest and enthusiasm he displayed 
at the time of the establishment of the institution never waned 
during all the subsequent years. He found time, despite his wide- 
spread business interests, to devote much thought and effort to the 
building up of a natural history institution which would fulfill the 
needs of Chicago, and of which the city could be proud. He was 
a man of remarkable intellect and insight, in whom extraordinary 
powers and abilities were matched to an exceptional degree by his 
gentleness, kindliness, and personal charm. He had a natural 
inborn sympathy with the aims of a great public institution of this 
kind, and a keen understanding of the best ways of accomplishing 
them. His sage advice was of tremendous value in the deliberations 
of the Trustees. His gifts, both in money and in additions to the 
collections, placed his name high on the Museum's list of Con- 
tributors, while the many eminent services he rendered were given 
recognition by his election in 1922 as an Honorary Member. 

"Mr. Ryerson's generosity toward the Museum was again 
revealed in his will which specified that upon the termination of 
certain life trusts. Field Museum is to share in his estate. 

"Mr. Ryerson bore an enviable reputation both at home and 
abroad as a connoisseur of art, and his collections rank among the 
finest, testifying to his thorough knowledge and excellent judgment 
— a judgment highly respected by artists, art critics, and other 
collectors alike. 

"Mr. Ryerson was highly esteemed in business, and was a leader 
in various important industrial and banking enterprises. He was 
a graduate in law of Harvard University, and had been signally 
honored by other universities. His public spirit was evidenced not 
only by his association with Field Museum, but also by his activity 
in connection with many other civic, educational, and charitable 
institutions of Chicago and other cities. 

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our respect 
and admiration for Mr. Ryerson, and our heartfelt grief at the loss 

304 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

of his companionship and counsel, be spread upon the records of 
the Board: 

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be conveyed 
to his widow in her bereavement, and that a copy of this resolution 
be sent to her." 

Four other great friends of the Museum died during the year. 
Dr. George Frederick Kunz, a Patron and Corporate Member of 
the institution, died on June 29 in New York, at the age of seventy- 
six. He was an internationally known mineralogist and gem expert. 
Major John Coats, co-leader of two important Field Museum expedi- 
tions, and a Patron, Contributor, and Corporate Member of the 
Museum, died in August at his home in Ajrrshire, Scotland. With 
Captain Harold A. White, of New York, he had jointly financed and 
led the Harold White- John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of Field 
Museum (1928-29), and the Harold White- John Coats Central 
African Expedition (1930-31), both of which obtained important 
zoological specimens for the Museum. Mr. Outram Bangs, Curator 
of Birds at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, died September 22. Mr. Bangs made studies of 
the birds collected by the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition 
to Eastern Asia for Field Museum, and reports prepared by him 
have been published in the zoological publications of the Museum. 
Mrs. Edward E. Ayer, an Honorary Member of Field Museum, 
and one of its Contributors, died on December 18. She was the 
widow of the late Edward E. Ayer, who was the first President of 
the Museum, and a Trustee from the time of the institution's 
establishment until his death in 1927. Mrs. Ayer shared her 
husband's enthusiasm for the Museum and his interest in its welfare. 

At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees, held January 18, 
Mr. John P. Wilson and Mr. Sewell L. Avery were elected as Trustees 
to fill the vacancies caused by the death in 1931 of Mr. R. T. Crane, 
Jr., and the resignation in that year of Mr. William Wrigley, Jr., 
whose death in January, 1932, is regretfully recorded. 

No action was taken during 1932 by the Trustees toward filling 
the vacancies caused by the deaths of Trustees Kelley and Ryerson, 
or the office of First Vice-President which had been held by 
Mr. Ryerson. 

Among new exhibits completed and opened to public view during 
the year the most important is the African water-hole group in Carl 
E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22). This is the largest exhibit in 
Field Museum, and one of the largest animal groups in any museum. 

Field Museum of Natural History 

Reports, Vol. IX, Plate XXIV 

A Trustee of the Museum from 1893, and First Vice-President from 1894 
until bis death on August 11, 1932 


im iiwimuu 

tf fii J 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 305 

It is 45 feet in breadth, 22 feet in height, and 22 feet in depth. 
In the group there are twenty-three mammals of various kinds and 
a number of birds, gathered about an exact reproduction of a water- 
hole. The animals shown include rhinoceroses, giraffes, elands, an 
oryx, zebras, a small herd of Grant's gazelles, several guinea fowl, 
and a tick bird. The foreground represents ground and vegetation 
typical of southern Abyssinia. A skillfully painted background 
gives an illusion of miles of plains stretching oif in the distance 
with low arid mountains near the horizon. The specimens and 
data for the exhibit were obtained by the Harold White-John 
Coats Abyssinian Expedition of Field Museum (1928-29), which 
spent nearly a year in the field. The expedition was financed and 
led jointly by Captain Harold A. White, of New York, and the late 
Major John Coats, of Ayrshire, Scotland. Mr. George G. Carey, 
of Baltimore, was a member of the expedition, as was Taxidermist 
C. J. Albrecht, who prepared and mounted the specimens in the 
group. Staff Artist Charles A. Corwin painted the background. 

A habitat group of animals obtained by the William V. Kelley- 
Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia for Field Museum was 
installed in William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17). The group includes 
two large specimens, male and female, of Asiatic water buffalo, 
three small hog deer, and specimens of white "cow heron." The 
animals were collected by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. 
C. Suydam Cutting. The taxidermy is by Messrs. Julius Friesser 
and Arthur G. Rueckert of the Museum staff, and the background, 
representing the natural environment of the animals in southern 
Indo-China, was painted by Staff Artist Corwin. 

A group of Alaskan caribou was installed in the Hall of American 
Mammal Habitat Groups (Hall 16), completing this hall, which 
now contains a series of twenty-four exhibits representing the 
principal large mammals of the New World. The caribou group 
includes five animals — two large bulls, two adult females, and a 
young male. The specimens were collected by Alaska Guides, Inc. 
The Museum is indebted to Mr. Bruce Thorne, of Chicago, vice- 
president of Alaska Guides, for his wholehearted cooperation, which 
made possible the acquisition of the animals. The group is indirectly 
a result of the Thome-Graves-Field Museum Arctic Expedition in 
1929 led jointly by Mr. Thome and Mr. George Coe Graves II, 
of New York. Thanks are due also to the United States Biological 
Survey and the Alaska Game Commission for permits to collect 
the specimens. The animals were mounted by Taxidermist Friesser, 

306 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

assisted by Taxidermist Rueckert and Assistant Taxidermist W. E. 
Eigsti. Artist Corwin painted the background, which represents a 
scene in the Rainy Pass region of Alaska where the animals were 

A fine specimen of the giant sable, stateliest of all antelopes, 
was installed in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22). It was 
presented to the Museum by Mr. Arthur S. Vernay, of New York 
and London, leader of the Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition in 
1930. The animal is one of the best examples of the giant sable 
ever secured by any hunters, being in prime coat and having horns 
61.5 inches in length or close to the record size of 64 inches. It 
was shot by Mr. Allan Chapman, a resident of Angola, Africa, who 
was engaged by Mr. Vernay to hunt it. Taxidermist Albrecht 
mounted it. 

A cellulose-acetate reproduction of an American alligator, with 
a reconstructed nest broken open at one side to show the large hard- 
shelled eggs, was installed in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18). It 
is the work of Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, who, with Mr. H. L. 
Stoddard, well-known naturalist, collected the original material 
in southern Georgia. Mr. Walters also prepared a number of repro- 
ductions of other reptiles and amphibians added to the exhibits in 
this hall during the year. 

In Harris Hall, there were installed several important new fish 
exhibits, prepared by Taxidermist Leon L. Pray. The original 
specimens for these were chiefly gifts received during the year from 
Colonel Lewis S. Thompson, of Red Bank, New Jersey, and Captain 
Fred G. Saeger, of Miami, Florida. Especially interesting among 
these is the West Indian moray or tropical eel. 

Among new bird exhibits added to the systematic collections 
in Hall 21 are a series of ostriches and their principal allies, and a 
case containing specimens of forty-nine species of parrots representing 
the principal forms from all parts of the tropics. These were pre- 
pared by Assistant Taxidermist John Moyer. A case of North 
American water birds was installed in the same hall by Taxidermist 
Ashley Hine. 

Two new cases were installed in the systematic collection of 
mammals in Hall 15. One contains the principal animals of economic 
importance as fur bearers, and the other the most interesting and 
important members of the civet and mongoose family. Specimens 
in both cases were prepared by Taxidermist Rueckert. Many of 
the animals are from the collections of various expeditions of the 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 307 

past few years, including the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition, 
William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition, C. Suydam 
Cutting Expedition to Sikkim, Vemay-Lang Kalahari Expedition, 
Marshall Field Chinese Expedition, Conover-Everard African 
Expedition, Field Museum-Chicago Daily News Abyssinian Expedi- 
tion, Delacour Indo-Chinese Expedition, and the various Marshall 
Field Expeditions to South America. 

A new collection of archaeological material of the old Bering 
Sea and Punuk groups of Eskimos, which is the only exhibit of this 
kind in the United States, was installed in Hall 10, devoted to 
archaeology and ethnology of the Northwest Coast and the Eskimos. 
This exhibit results from collections made by the John Borden- 
Field Museum Alaska- Arctic Expedition (1927), and from material 
received by exchange with the United States National Museum at 
Washington, D.C. The earliest known sites of the Punuk culture 
date back about 1,500 years. 

With the exception of new material added to various collections 
during the course of reinstallation of a number of halls, and material 
installed in the still incomplete and unopened Hall of the Stone 
Age of the Old World, the only other new exhibit in the Department 
of Anthropology is a synoptic collection illustrating Maya art and 
industry. This has been placed in Stanley Field Hall. It comprises 
pieces from many parts of the Maya area. Much of the material 
was collected by the First, Second and Third Marshall Field 
Archaeological Expeditions to British Honduras, and the rest 
comes from various sources, notably by gifts from Mr. AlHson V. 
Armour, Patron, Contributor, and former Trustee of the Museum. 

The activities of the Plant Reproduction Laboratories were 
seriously curtailed as a measure of economy. Outstanding among 
new exhibits of the Department of Botany are a number of repro- 
ductions added to the collections in the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29). 
They include branches of various South American trees and plants, 
such as arnatto, piquia, coca, Brazil nut, and Paradise nut, prepared 
from material collected by the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition 
to the Amazon (1929) ; a branch of a tulip tree of the Indiana Dunes; 
and reproductions of a number of extinct plants. In Hall 25, devoted 
to palms and food plants, there were added an exhibit comprising 
reproductions of the principal fruit and vegetable foods of New 
World origin, and a reproduction of a peanut plant. Various new 
exhibits were added also to the economic botany collections in 
Hall 28, and to the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27). 

308 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

In Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) a group of fossil edentates 
was installed, one of which has the distinction of being the fu-st 
skeleton of its kind discovered. This animal is a ground sloth 
called Pronothrotherium, hitherto known from fragments of skull 
and jaws only. The other animal represented in the group is a 
glyptodon called Sclerocalyptus. Both were collected by the Marshall 
Field Paleontological Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia (1926-27), 
led by Associate Curator Elmer S. Riggs. The specimens were 
prepared for exhibition under Mr. Riggs' supervision by Messrs. 
Phil C. Orr, Sven A. Dorf and James H. Quinn of the paleontological 
staff, and a background for the group was prepared by Mr. Orr. 
Various other new fossil exhibits were added to Ernest R. 
Graham Hall. An unusually large and fine specimen of geode 
containing brilliant crystals was placed on exhibition in Hall 34. 
It was presented to the Museum by Mr. William J. Chalmers, of 
Chicago. Other new exhibits in the Department of Geology consist 
chiefly of material added to various halls in the course of 
extensive reinstallations. 

In all Departments there were carried forward during the year 
extremely heavy programs of reinstallation. Simultaneously there 
was installed a great deal of new material to improve the rein- 
stalled exhibits. Detailed accounts of this work will be found under 
the various Department headings in this Report. Among the halls 
in which important reinstallations were made are Hall 10, devoted 
to Northwest Coast and Eskimo ethnology; George T. and Frances 
Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24), containing Chinese archaeological 
and ethnological material; Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A), devoted 
to the Melanesian and South Pacific collections; Mary D. Sturges 
Hall, containing North American archaeological exhibits; the Hall 
of Plant Life (Hall 29) ; the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) ; Hall 28, 
devoted to plant raw materials and products; Clarence Buckingham 
Hall (Hall 35), devoted to physical geology, rocks, and relief maps; 
Hall 36, containing the petroleum, coal, clay, and sand collections; 
Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37), containing ores, marbles, and 
alkalies; Ernest R. Graham Hall of Historical Geology (Hall 38); 
and Hall 19, containing the osteological exhibits of the Department 
of Zoology. 

Much progress was made in the preparation and installation of 
two new halls still incomplete and not yet ready for opening to the 
public. In the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) 
work has proceeded steadily. Mr. Frederick Blaschke, the sculptor 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 309 

engaged to prepare the eight life-size group restorations of early 
man in various stages of cultural development, has completed many 
of the figures for these groups, and some have been installed already. 
Painted backgrounds for the groups have been prepared by Staff 
Artist Charles A. Corwin. In Hall 0, which is to be devoted to 
marine life, the large undersea group resulting from the Field 
Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas (1929) 
was completed by Taxidermist Leon L. Pray, and the case containing 
it was glazed. The public cannot be admitted to this hall, however, 
until general reconstruction work in this part of the building has 
been completed. 

Toward the end of 1932, the Marshall Field Zoological Expedi- 
tion to China concluded two years of intensive collecting of the 
fauna of central and western China. Mr. Floyd T. Smith of New 
York was leader. The collections received from this expedition in 
1932 total 6,868 specimens, and represent all branches of vertebrate 
zoology. Of special value for exhibition purposes are seven speci- 
mens of Chinese takin, which it is planned to use in a large habitat 
group. Mr. Smith obtained also a good specimen of the rare giant 
panda. The Musemn is deeply indebted to officials of the Academia 
Sinica and the Metropolitan Museum of Natural History at Nanking 
for the many courtesies and excellent cooperation they extended to 
Mr. Smith, thus greatly aiding the accomplishment of his mission. 

The Mandel-Field Museum Zoological Expedition to Venezuela, 
sponsored by Mr. Leon Mandel II, and Mr. Fred Mandel, Jr., of 
Chicago, reached Venezuela early in the year aboard Mr. Leon 
Mandel's yacht Buccaneer. Extensive collections of birds, mammals, 
reptiles, and amphibians were made along the Orinoco River and 
in the easternmost part of the Andes, where there is a distinctive 
mountain fauna. A large part of the collecting was done by Mr. 
Emmet R. Blake, a zoologist of the University of Pittsburgh, who 
accompanied the party. Mr. Blake alone obtained more than 800 
bird specimens in five weeks of work in the Mount Turumiquiri region. 

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to 
Mesopotamia concluded its tenth season of excavations on the site 
of the ancient city of Kish. A third palace building of the Sassanian 
period (about A.D. 400) was unearthed, and various other interesting 
discoveries in connection with both the Persian and the Sumerian 
periods were made. The expedition was again under the directorship 
of Professor Stephen Langdon, with Mr. L. C. Watelin as field 
director. It has been necessary for Field Museum to forego participa- 

310 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

tion in the 1932-33 winter season of excavations at Kish, and 
Professor Langdon was so informed. 

Field Museum shared in a zoological expedition to French Tndo- 
China, led by Mr. Jean Delacour, well-known French zoologist. 
Funds for the Museum's participation had been provided by the late 
William V. Kelley. From little-known regions of the Province of Laos 
collections were received numbering more than 2,000 birds and 200 
mammals. The Paris Museum of Natural History and the British 
Museum (Natural History) were other participants in this expedition. 

The expedition to Asia and the South Pacific of Miss Malvina 
Hoffman was completed during 1932. Miss Hoffman is the 
sculptor commissioned to make the series of bronze figures, busts, 
and heads representing the principal living races of mankind for 
Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall. About two-thirds of her entire 
task is now finished. Before undertaking her work in the Orient, 
Miss Hoffman had made figures illustrating types of some of the 
peoples of Europe, Africa, and America. The journey concluded 
in 1932 had begun in the autumn of 1931 when she visited Hawaii, 
Japan, and China. This year Miss Hoffman's studies took her to 
the Philippines, Bali, Java, Singapore, Penang, the Malay Peninsula, 
Calcutta, Delhi, Jaipur, and Colombo. Everywhere local anthro- 
pologists kindly rendered her valuable assistance. Museums and 
hospitals were placed at her disposal for studying, measuring, 
photographing, and modeling the best available representatives of 
the racial types desired. Later, at her Paris studios, Miss Hoffman 
made the finished bronzes of the figures modeled in clay during her 
travels, and a large number of these are now at the Museum awaiting 
installation. Miss Hoffman was accompanied in her travels by 
Mr. Samuel B. Grimson, her husband, who acted as photographer; 
Miss Gretchen Greene, secretary and manager; and Mr. Jean de 
Marco, who made the plaster casts of the clay models. 

An expedition to western Colorado to collect fossil vertebrates 
was conducted by Mr. Bryan Patterson, Assistant in Paleontology, 
accompanied by Mr. Thomas J. Newbill, Jr., of La Grange, Illinois. 
Specimens of rare fossil mammals, turtles, and crocodiles were 

The work of photographing type specimens of plants in European 
herbaria, financed by the Rockefeller Foundation, was carried into 
its fourth year by Mr. J. Francis Macbride, Assistant Curator of 
Taxonomy. The number of negatives made since the work began 
now totals more than 23,000. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 311 

A large amount of accessory material, photographs, color notes, 
etc., required for the preparation of eight habitat groups of Asiatic 
mammals, was received as the result of an expedition conducted 
for Field Museum by the Bombay Natural History Society under 
a cooperative arrangement. The Museum is especially indebted to 
Sir Reginald Spence, Honorary Secretary of the society, and Mr. 
S. H. Prater, Curator of its museum, for the splendid spirit of friend- 
ship and scientific cooperation they manifested in this project. The 
expense of obtaining this material was financed by funds provided 
by the late William V. Kelley. 

As a result of an expedition in Upper Burma sponsored by 
Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, the Museum received an 
important collection of plants for its Department of Botany, and 
a valuable collection of insects for its Department of Zoology. 
These were presented to the Museum by Mr. Cutting. Captain 
F. Kingdon Ward, noted British botanist, and Lord Cranbrook 
were the collectors. A collection of birds and mammals was also 
made for the Museum, and Mr. Cutting indicated it would be 
delivered early in 1933. 

A number of excellent zoological specimens were presented to 
the Museum by Mr. John McLaren Simpson and Mr. A. Watson 
Armour HI, as a result of a private hunting expedition they con- 
ducted in East Africa and India. During part of this hunt they 
were joined by Mr. James Simpson, who likewise presented speci- 
mens to the Museum. 

Mr. Henry Field, Assistant Curator of Physical Anthropology, 
visited Europe during September and October making studies and 
collecting additional material for the Hall of the Stone Age of the 
Old World (Hall C). 

The year's operations resulted in a deficit of $2,025.56 which was 
met by a special contribution for the purpose made by President 
Stanley Field. 

Of the notes payable, amounting to $184,800, carried forward 
at the end of 1931 on account of money borrowed for previous years' 
deficits, $28,700 was paid during 1932 with funds especially con- 
tributed for this purpose, leaving a balance still payable of $156,100 
as of December 31, 1932. 

A number of benefactions both in money and material were 
received during the year, for which expressions of gratitude are 
herewith made. Acknowledgments of the gifts of funds follow: 

312 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Mr. Marshall Field contributed a total of $96,000, of which 
$64,000 was for use in meeting part of the general operating expenses 
of the Museum, and $32,000 was for special expenses in connection 
with the preparation of Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall. 

President Stanley Field contributed a total of $35,787.98 to the 
Museum during 1932. This amount represents three contributions: 
the $2,025.56 mentioned above to meet the budget deficit; $28,662.42 
towards liquidation of the building fund deficit; and $5,100 towards 
the operating expenses of the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction 
Laboratories of the Museum. 

From Mrs. E. Marshall Field there was received a gift of $50,000 
representing her annual contribution. 

A contribution of $18,000 was received from Mrs. Charles H. 
Schweppe, to defray the cost of the "Unity of Man" bronze group, 
which is to occupy the central position in Chauncey Keep Memorial 

Mrs. James Nelson Raymond contributed $3,000 toward the 
operating expenses of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures which she 
established in 1925, and to the support of which she has made further 
contributions ever since. 

Mr. Frederick H. Rawson contributed $3,000 toward the fund 
for preparation of the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C). 

The American Friends of China, Chicago, contributed $1,075 
for the purchase of material to be added to the Chinese collections 
of the Museum. 

Mr. Leon Mandel II and Mr. Fred Mandel, Jr., contributed 
funds covering all the expenses of the Mandel-Field Museum 
Zoological Expedition to Venezuela. 

Mr. William J. Chalmers contributed funds for the purchase 
of additional specimens for the Museum's crystal collection. 

Mr. Arthur M. Barnhart contributed funds for the purchase of 
important books needed for the Museum Library. 

A bequest to the Museum of $50,000 was provided in the will 
of the late William V. Kelley, Trustee of the institution, whose 
death during the year has been mentioned in the foregoing pages. 

The death, noted elsewhere, of Mrs. Edward E. Ayer, released 
to the Museum the Edward E. Ayer Library Fund of $50,000 provided 
for in the will of the late Edward E. Ayer, first President of the 
Museum, who died in 1927. Mrs. Ayer had had a life estate in this 

ield Museum of Natural History 


Harold White- John (jita 

Taxidermy by Clarence J. Albrelt. 

Carl E. Akeley ;ni 

Reports, Vol. IX. Plate XXV 


^can Expedition, 1929 

hkground by Charles A. Corwin 

iHall (HaU 22) 


Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 313 

The will of the late Martin A. Ryerson provides a bequest to 
the Museum whereby the institution will receive a substantial 
portion of his residuary estate. 

Under the will of the late Mrs. Annie S. Coburn Field Museum 
will share in a trust fund of $60,000, the income of which, after 
certain life interests have terminated, is to be divided equally 
between the Museum, the Art Institute of Chicago, and Harvard 
University. The will provides also for a similar distribution of 
Mrs. Cobum's residuary estate. 

The South Park Commissioners turned over to the Museum 
$112,926.45, the amount due the institution under the tax levy for 
this purpose authorized by the state legislature. 

Some gifts of material for the various departmental collections 
presented during the year by friends of the Museum have already 
been mentioned in the foregoing pages in connection with their 
installation as exhibits, or their collection by expeditions. As 
usual, many other such gifts, some of them not yet placed on exhibi- 
tion, and others intended for the study collections rather than for 
exhibition, have been received. It is appreciated that the donors 
often incur considerable expense and much trouble in obtaining 
material and forwarding it to the institution, and it is indeed most 
gratifying to note year after year the continuance of this widespread 
interest in the development and improvement of the Museum's 
collections. Details of the acquisitions of this nature received 
during the year will be found in the departmental sections of this 
Report under the Accessions heading in each Department, and also 
in the tabulated List of Accessions which begins on page 380. 

The Board of Trustees of the Museum accepted an offer, made 
by the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago, transferring 
to the Museum title to the entire herbarium of the university, con- 
sisting of 51,603 mounted plants. These plants have been on deposit 
in the Museum Herbarium for the past twenty-five years, but the 
Museum had not possessed permanent title to them previously. The 
collection was made chiefly by the late Dr. John M. Coulter, who 
was head of the university's department of botany for many years. 

The annual spring and autumn courses of free illustrated lectures 
on science and travel for the general public were given in the James 
Simpson Theatre of the Museum, and the large attendance they 
attracted proved that their educational value is widely known. 
The programs given, and statistics on the attendance, will be found 
elsewhere in this Report. 

314 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

The guide-lecture tours for adults given daily except Saturday 
and Sunday for the past several years were continued during 1932, 
but the schedule was reduced from two lectures a day to one, the 
morning lecture being eliminated. A wide variety of subjects was 
covered, and many persons availed themselves of the opportunities 
presented by this educational feature. As in the past, in addition 
to the regular public tours, special guide service for groups requesting 
it was made available upon application to the Director. 

Colonel Theodore Roosevelt passed through Chicago on 
February 3 on his way to the Philippine Islands to assume the post 
of Governor-General to which he had been appointed by President 
Hoover. While in the city he visited Field Museum to see groups 
of animals, completed and under way, resulting from the William 
V. Kellej^-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia which he led 
jointly with his brother, Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, and on which he 
was accompanied by Mr. C. Suydam Cutting. 

Eighty-five members of the American Oriental Society, one of 
the oldest learned societies in the country, made a tour of the 
ISluseum's Oriental collections on March 30. They heard a lecture 
by Mr. Rowland Rathbun, Assistant Professor of the History of 
Architecture at Armour Institute, on the subject of the palaces 
discovered at Kish by the Field Museum-Oxford University Joint 
Expedition to Mesopotamia. Sir Henry Wellcome, founder of the 
Wellcome Foundation, famous research laboratories in London, 
visited the Museum on June 9 to study certain anthropological 
material. Many other distinguished visitors were entertained at 
the IMuseum during the year. 

The Museum granted permission to the management of the 
Century of Progress Exposition to construct an official entrance 
to the exposition on a part of the eastern section of the Museum's 
restricted area. The exposition management will restore this area 
to its original condition after the close of the world's fair. 

The Art Research Classes conducted at the Museum, in coopera- 
tion with the Art Institute of Chicago, have again moved steadily 
forward in the quality of the students' productions. Classes in 
painting, drawing and illustration find excellent reference material 
in the exhibits and study collections of the Museum. Among the 
students are some taking a teachers' training course. The number 
of students enrolled in the various classes is 31. Field Museum 
furnishes a classroom fitted out with working facilities, and the 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 315 

Art Institute assigns a member of its faculty, Mr. John Gilbert 
Wilkins, as instructor. 

In addition to the regular art research classes of advanced 
students which have been conducted for a number of years, there 
were inaugurated in 1932 several classes of younger children from 
the Saturday school of the Art Institute. About 130 children, ranging 
from fourth grade to high school students, are studying in these 
various Saturday classes. At Field Museum their efforts are con- 
centrated chiefly on the drawing of animals, and studies in design 
work as exemplified in ethnological collections. 

Several members of the Museum staff received honors from other 
institutions during the year. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator 
of Reptiles, was appointed to a fellowship of the John Simon 
Guggenheim Memorial Foundation in recognition of many valuable 
contributions to herpetology resulting from his researches for Field 
Museum. The fellowship carries with it a substantial grant of 
money with which Mr. Schmidt, on six months' leave of absence 
from the Museum, pursued his studies at European museums in 
association with leading foreign herpetologists. 

Mr. Paul C. Standley, Associate Curator of the Herbarium, was 
appointed a member of the General Committee of Botanical Nomen- 
clature, established by the Fifth International Botanical Congress 
held at Cambridge, England, in 1930. He is one of three members 
representing the republic of Mexico, and was designated as a repre- 
sentative of that country because of his numerous publications upon 
its flora. 

Mr. Henry W. Nichols, Associate Curator of Geology, was 
appointed a member of the Mineral Industries Committee of the 
Western Society of Engineers. 

Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood Technology, was 
awarded the honor of election to membership in the International 
Association of Wood Anatomists. 

Mr. C. Eliot Underdown, Assistant in Ornithology, died on 
February 21. Under provision of the Field Museum Employes' 
Pension Fund, insurance amounting to $1,000 was paid to his 

Mr. John Duffy, who had been employed as a janitor since 1906, 
and who was placed on the pension payroll in 1931, died on 
November 10, 1932. Under provision of the Museum Employes' 
Pension Fund insurance amounting to $2,500 was paid to his two 

316 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Because of failing health, Mr. Carl Neuberth, Custodian of the 
Herbarium since 1910, was retired in July. Payment of a pension 
to him, effective from January 1, 1933, was authorized. 

Mr. Cleveland P. Grant, Acting Curator of the Department of 
the N. W. Harris Public School Extension, resigned as of January 31. 

Mr. Robert L. Yule was employed as letterer for marking speci- 
mens in the Department of Anthropology, taking the place of Mr. 
S. S. Djou, who resigned. 

One compositor was added to the force of the Division of Printing 
because of the needs of the Department of the N. W. Harris Public 
School Extension for many new labels. 

The services of six carpenters were dispensed with as of April 30. 

Mr. J. Eric Thompson, Assistant Curator of Central and South 
American Archaeology, was granted a leave of absence for five months 
so that he might engage in certain work in England for the Carnegie 
Institution of Washington, D.C. This leave will become effective 
February 22, 1933. 

The usual careful attention was given to maintenance of the 
building, and various improvements were made, some of the more 
important of which are as follows: 

The walks at the west entrance, used by those attending enter- 
tainments held in the James Simpson Theatre, were taken up and 
reset because of the effects of years of service. The motion picture 
screen in the Theatre was repainted in order to secure better results 
in the projection of films and slides. 

By changes made in the lighting system employed in the exhibi- 
tion cases containing habitat groups, and many other cases, a decided 
improvement in illumination was effected, together with a substantial 
economy in lighting costs. The interiors of all the hoods over the 
cases in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall (Hall 22), and Hall J, devoted 
to Egyptian archaeology, were painted to give better reflected light. 
The metal reflectors of the built-in cases in the Hall of American 
Mammal Habitat Groups (Hall 16), William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17), 
and Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) were removed and replaced 
with white painted plaster board reflectors. These changes brought 
about a better diffusion of light, and they make possible a decrease 
in the wattage necessary, in some instances amounting to as much 
as 50 per cent. The combined saving achieved for all of the cases 
thus treated is 30 per cent of the wattage formerly used. 

In the walls of the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) 
thirty electrical outlets were installed. In the same hall wiring was 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 317 

completed for eleven built-in exhibition cases and fifteen other cases. 
In George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24) forty-eight 
cases were wired and installed. 

In new installations, and in reinstallations and rearrangements 
of exhibits in various halls, the scientific Departments were given 
cooperation by the maintenance and engineering forces of the 
Museum. Forty-six exhibition cases were rebuilt or remodeled, 
refinished and reglazed, economy being effected in this work by 
the use of salvaged material. New glass was installed in three 
group cases. Twenty-six cases were cleaned and reinstalled. 
Groundwork frames were built for fourteen anthropological and 
zoological cases. 

On the third and fourth floors 286 window sills were repaired, 
calked and painted, and thirty new window sills were installed on 
the third floor. 

An insulated steel cabinet was built in the macerating room of 
the Department of Zoology to provide facilities for the cleaning of 
bones by the use of dermestids. 

In various workrooms and storage rooms on the third floor 5,919 
square feet of steel shelving were installed. Two metal-clad cabinets 
for the storage of birds were installed in a workroom (Room 76) 
of the Department of Zoology, and a cabinet for the storage of 
phonograph cylinders was provided for the study room (Room 55) 
of the Department of Anthropology. 

A new oven was built in the photogravurist's shop in order to 
accommodate the larger sizes of plates which are now being used 
in some of the work produced. 

The workroom used by the pottery mender in the Department 
of Anthropology, Room 38A, was painted and fitted with two work 
benches, two closets, a table for a gas stove, and 326 square feet of 
steel shelving. 

A set of dampers of three zones was installed under one of the 
boilers and placed in operation January 31. As a result, there has 
been a saving of about 9 per cent in the amount of coal burned 
under this boiler. 

All four of the boilers and their settings were given their usual 
overhauling by the engineering force, and a new filter bed was laid 
in one of the two filters. 

During the seasons when heat was required steam was furnished 
from the Museum's plant to the John G. Shedd Aquarium under 
the contract in force since the establishment of the aquarium. 

318 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 


During the year three expeditions were operating in the interest 
of the Department of Anthropology. 

Miss Malvina Hoffman, the sculptor commissioned to model life- 
size statues, busts, and heads of representative types of human 
races, completed her expedition to Asia in May of this year. Her 
work in Hawaii, Japan, and China was detailed in last year's Report 
(pp. 69-71). From China Miss Hoffman proceeded to the Philip- 
pines, Java, Bali, Singapore, and Penang, with several excursions 
into the jungles of the Malay Peninsula, and India. Among the 
numerous tribes inhabiting the Malay Archipelago the artist selected 
for life-size portrait heads a dancing girl from Bali, a typical lad 
and girl from Java, a Jakun (proto-Malay), a Sakai and a Semang 
(pygmies of tribes living in the densest jungles of the Malay Penin- 
sula), a Dyak from Borneo, and a pure Malay. In order to track 
down the Jakun and Sakai, hundreds of miles had to be traversed 
by motor car over hills and into jungles. During this trip the artist's 
work had to be performed under most trying and primitive conditions. 

Several weeks spent in India included sojourns in Calcutta, 
Delhi, Jaipur, and Colombo. The principal accomplishment of 
Miss Hoffman in India was the modeling of a strong Kashmiri 
with a fine head. In Calcutta she was fortunate enough to meet a 
Tibetan couple, traders in jewels from Lhasa. Both husband and 
wife were modeled. Also modeled were the heads of a Brahman 
from Benares, a high-caste Brahman woman from Bengal, and an 
Indo-Afghan from Kabul. 

In addition to heads and life-size figures, the artist made numerous 
casts in negocoll of hands and feet of natives in characteristic poses. 
Among these are the hand of an aged native of India in the act of 
taking his food, and the hand of an Indian artist wielding his paint 
brush. As the Oriental manner of using the hand is very different 
from that of other peoples, these casts are of considerable scientific 

Many life-size drawings were made in crayon or sanguine of a 
Samoan chief, a pure-blooded Papuan from British New Guinea, 
a youth from Bali, a Burmese from Rangoon, and a Tamil from 
Madras. Mr. Samuel B. Grimson, the sculptor's husband, took 
more than two thousand still pictures of native types, all carefully 
numbered, identified, and mounted in albums. He also made 
motion pictures of such subjects as Ainu people and their villages, 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 319 

and dances in Bali, Java, and Burma. In all places visited a vast 
amount of information was collected for the benefit of anthropological 

Miss Hoffman and her party sailed from Colombo on April 20, 
landing at Marseilles on May 3, whence she returned to her studio 
in Paris. She spent the summer completing in bronze the figures 
and heads modeled in clay during her journey. Altogether seventy- 
two subjects have been finished in bronze thus far. These include 
the group of three figures of heroic size symbolizing the unity of 
mankind, twenty-four life-size statues, twenty-five heads, and 
twenty busts. 

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to 
Mesopotamia resumed operations at Kish. This was its tenth season, 
and Mr. L. C. Watelin was again the field director. Professor 
Stephen Langdon of Oxford University continued as in previous 
years as general director of the expedition, remaining in England 
where he conducted research in connection with the material 
excavated. A third palace building of the Sassanian period (about 
A.D. 400) was discovered. No stuccos like those found in the other 
palaces were unearthed, but it yielded a large quantity of pottery, 
both glazed and unglazed. An interesting feature of this palace is 
a large square reservoir in which water could be stored, equipped 
with pipes used for drainage. It may have served as a bathing 
pool. In the neighborhood of this palace a Persian private dwelling 
was found, and the conclusion now seems warranted that the Persians 
had an extensive settlement at Kish. This is indicated by ruins 
extending more than half a mile to the east. Three graves of the 
Sumerian period were excavated, yielding material similar to that 
in the Sumerian palace, especially pottery and copper pins. A 
remarkable object found is an ancient vanity case. Work was 
resumed also on the ruins of Sumerian buildings. 

While not so remarkable for the discovery of other objects, this 
season resulted in a rich harvest of inscribed tablets which have been 
sent to Professor Langdon for translation. A large number of 
additional stuccos, chiefly fragmentary, from the Sassanian palaces, 
and eighteen pieces of Sassanian pottery were received this year. 
Also obtained were pottery vessels, clay figurines, beads, bronze 
implements, and skulls of the Sumerian period. 

Professor Rowland Rathbun, who last year began a study of the 
plan of the Sassanian Palaces I and II, completed measured drawings 
of each of the patterns of the stucco reliefs. These studies were 

320 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

sent for criticism to Mr. Watelin, who approved them, made sugges- 
tions for the correct placing of some of the designs, and answered 
many questions on doubtful points. The final composition of the 
walls of the interiors is now in progress. 

An interesting report on the human remains found at Kish was 
published by Messrs. L. H. Dudley Buxton and D. Talbot Rice 
in the Journal of the Anthropological Institute for 1931 (pp. 57-119). 

Assistant Curator Henry Field spent part of September and 
October in Europe obtaining additional material and data for the 
Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World, supplementing his previous 
work on the Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to Western 
Europe (1930). He visited Glasgow, where, through the courtesy 
of Mr. Ludovic McLellan Mann, he obtained a series of flint and 
bone implements of the Azilian period, and examples of the ancient 
fauna, including the extinct auk. This material is from Mr. Mann's 
personal collection resulting from excavations he has conducted, 
and comes to the Museum as an exchange. Casts were secured by 
Mr. Field of four important Azilian specimens, originals of which 
could not be obtained. Azilian material from Scotland is extremely 
rare, and hitherto no examples were allowed to leave the country. 

In England Mr. Field purchased fifty flint implements collected 
from the Cromer Forest bed, which is believed to contain the earliest 
implements made by man. He also obtained casts of fifteen important 
paleolithic and neolithic objects from the British Museum (Natural 
History). In France, Mr. Field went to the Charente, where he 
was allowed to examine the recently discovered Lower Aurignacian 
Chatelperron level at La Quina and to revisit the Solutrean station 
on Le Roc, for the purpose of obtaining additional data for the 
reconstruction of this scene now in progress in the Hall of the Stone 
Age of the Old World. 

In Paris twelve painted pebbles from Mas d'Azil and casts of 
the Neanderthal skulls from La Quina were purchased. Through 
the courtesy of Dr. Johannes Br0ndsted in Copenhagen an important 
series of casts of Maglemosean and kitchen-midden specimens from 
various sites in Denmark were secured through exchange. Arrange- 
ments were made for an exchange of original specimens which belong 
to periods not previously represented in the Museum's collections. 
Mr. Field visited the Museum Moraviae at Briinn, and made 
arrangements for the exportation of original material purchased in 
1930, representing the Aurignacian sites of Predmost, Pekarna, and 


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Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 321 

At Tubingen photographs and publications dealing with the 
Swiss Lake-dweller culture were obtained. These contain valuable 
data for the preparation of the Lake-dweller group in the Hall of 
the Stone Age of the Old World. With Professor Enno Littmann 
of Tubingen Mr. Field conferred on the inscriptions and tribal 
marks collected during the Marshall Field North Arabian Desert 
Expeditions (1927-28). Professor Littmann very kindly consented 
to make a report on this material. 

A series of casts of paleolithic objects was ordered from the 
National Museum at St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris. Mr. Field 
visited Miss Malvina Hoffman's studio in Paris and consulted with 
her in regard to her work for Chauncey Keep Memorial Hall. 

This opportunity is taken to express the Museum's appreciation 
of the kind assistance rendered to Mr. Field from time to time by 
Abb4 Breuil, Dr. Henri-Martin, Dr. P. Rivet, Dr. G. H. Riviere, 
and Mr. Harper Kelley. 

The results of a study made by Assistant Curator J. Eric Thomp- 
son of the Maya inscriptions at Quirigua, Guatemala, were published 
this year. This article demonstrates the corrections made by the 
Mayas at that city to keep their calendar year of 365 days in accord- 
ance with the solar year. The calculations used by the Mayas show 
that their year approximated the Gregorian year. They intercalated 
so accurately that the accumulated error over nearly 4,000 years 
of 365 days was but one day. Mr. Thompson is now preparing a 
guide to the archaeological collections from South America in Hall 9. 
A new edition of his leaflet, The Civilization of the Mayas, was issued 
toward the end of the year. 

Curator Berthold Laufer devoted most of his time during the 
year to the reinstallation of the Chinese collections, in George T. 
and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24). However, he also made 
researches into prehistoric pottery of China in preparation for a 
monograph on this subject and into the history of Chinese and 
Indian chess. 

Assistant Curator Paul S. Martin has completed the manuscript 
of a guide to Mary D. Sturges Hall of North American Archaeology. 

A manuscript entitled Arabs of the Kish Area, their History, 
Ethnology, and Physical Characters, has been completed by Assistant 
Curator Field. He also wrote a report, now nearly completed, of 
the Marshall Field North Arabian Desert Expeditions (1927-28). 

Assistant Curator Wilfrid D. Hambly completed a manuscript 
on the ethnology of Nigeria, based on the results of the Frederick 

322 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

H. Rawson-Field Museum Ethnological Expedition to West Africa 

Fourteen signed articles were contributed by the staff of the 
Department to Field MiLseum News during 1932; also twelve unsigned 
articles and seventeen brief items. The staff supplied material for 
forty-one newspaper publicity stories during the same period. 

ACCESSIONS — anthropology 

The number of accessions recorded during the year is thirty-nine. 
Of these, twenty-eight are by gift, four as the result of expeditions, 
one by purchase, and six by exchange. 

Twenty-two objects from the Eskimo of the Aleutian Islands 
were presented by Mrs. Ira M. Price, of Chicago, who obtained 
them while living on the islands. Among them are several fine 
ivory carvings and rare baskets which have been placed on exhibition 
in Hall 10. Mrs. Edwin C. Loomis, of Chicago, presented three 
beaded bags, a beaded pouch, a tobacco pipe pouch with bead and 
quill work, a beaded bandolier, a pair of beaded leggings, and a pair 
of beaded moccasins, from the Sioux Indians of North Dakota. 

By exchange with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, 
the Museum acquired 257 prehistoric stone, bone, and shell objects 
from Maine, Massachusetts, and Georgia. These are localities from 
which the Museum heretofore possessed but scanty archaeological 
material. Twenty-eight archaeological objects pertaining to Maya 
civilization were obtained through an exchange with the same 
institution. This collection contains several good examples of Maya 
stone sculpture from Copan, Honduras. Dating from about A.D. 700 
they are representative of Maya art at its best period. One of these, 
a head of the Maya sun god, is now on exhibition in Stanley Field 
Hall (Case 2). Other objects obtained in this exchange are a number 
of copper bells, jade beads, and a ball of copal incense in a tripod 
bowl. These were recovered from the sacred well at Chichen Itza, 
Yucatan, into which they had been thrown as offerings to the rain god. 

The following objects were acquired with a fund presented by 
the American Friends of China, Chicago: an archaic ceremonial 
jade scraper with zones of various colors; a figure of Kwan Yin, 
goddess of mercy, carved from buffalo horn, of the Ming period 
(sixteenth century); a figure of celadon porcelain, representing the 
god of the north, of the Sung period (twelfth century) ; and a cover 
of cut velvet with elaborate designs of peonies in five colors, of the 
K'ien-lung period (1736-95). A silk handkerchief, inscribed with 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 323 

one of the classical books of China for use as a "crib" in a civil 
service examination, was presented by Mr. Edward Barrett (since 
deceased), of New York. Its significance is described in Field 
Museum News for August, 1932. 

A collection of archaeological interest, consisting of thirty-four 
pottery sherds and sixteen flint implements, excavated at Hong 
Kong, is the gift of Professor J. L. Shellshear, of the University of 
Hong Kong. 

Supplementing a small bronze piece from Luristan, Persia, pre- 
sented in 1931, Dr. Arthur U. Pope, of New York, this year made 
a gift of six interesting bronze implements: a mace head, a rein ring, 
three battle axes, and a spearhead. 

Mrs. Nathaniel Allison, of Chicago, presented a wooden fern 
root pounder from New Zealand. This specimen was found in a 
swamp, and is certainly very old, possibly antedating the arrival 
of the Maori. 

Fifteen objects from the Fiji and the Polynesian Islands are the 
gift of Mrs. Freeman S. Hinckley, of Chicago. Noteworthy among 
these are a verv^ fine, carved food dish from the Fiji Islands, of a t>T)e 
not previously represented in the Museum's collections, and a model 
of the ancient Fijian double canoe, complete with sail and rigging. 

An exchange with Baron Max von Oppenheim, of Berlin, resulted 
in the acquisition of a number of fragments of painted pottery 
of various tj^Des from Tell Halaf, upper Mesopotamia. The designs 
on these fragments are interesting for comparison with the early 
painted ware associated with pictographic tablets in linear script 
from Jemdet Nasr near Kish, obtained by the Field Museum-Oxford 
University Joint Expedition to Mesopotamia. 

A flint ax of the Upper Acheulean period from Saintes, Somme 
Gravels, northern France, presented by Mr. Harper Kelley, of Paris, 
is beautifully flaked and demonstrates admirably the skill of the 
prehistoric craftsman. 

This opportunity is taken to express the institution's grateful 
appreciation to Mr. Austin Corbin, of New York, a member of the 
Blue Mountain Forest Association of Newport, New Hampshire, 
for presenting four wild boar skins for use in one of the groups to 
be set up in the Hall of the Stone Age of the Old World. 

cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling — ANTHROPOLOGY 

Twenty-six of the thirty-nine accessions received during the year 
have been entered in the inventor^^ books. 

324 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

The work of cataloguing has been continued as usual, the number 
of catalogue cards prepared during the year totaling 7,360. The 
total number of catalogue cards entered from the opening of the 
first inventory volume is 205,883. Of these entries, 8,577 were made 
during 1932, including cards left over from previous years. 

The catalogue cards prepared are distributed as follows: 
archaeology and ethnology of North America, 789; archaeology and 
ethnology of Mexico, Central and South America, 38; archaeology 
of China, 299; archaeology of Mongolia, 366; ethnology of Polynesia, 
2; ethnology of Africa, 521; prehistoric archaeology of Europe, 3,039; 
archaeology of Syria, 47; archaeologj'^ of Persia, 6; physical anthro- 
pology, 2,253. Most of these cards have been entered in the inventory 
volumes, which number fifty-seven. 

A total of 13,201 labels for use in exhibition cases was supplied by 
the Division of Printing. These labels are distributed as follows: 
Eskimo and Northwest Coast, 4,561; Hopi, 450; Central and South 
America, 512; China, 5,852; Melanesia, 1,020; Europe, 806. The 
Division of Printing also supplied 9,060 catalogue cards and 1,810 
blank cards for the label file. 

The number of photographs mounted in albums is 495. Two 
new albums were opened. To the label file 2,058 cards were added. 

installations and rearrangements — anthropology 

The main efforts of the Department during the year were directed 
toward the installation of Hall 10, devoted to the ethnology of the 
Eskimo and Northwest Coast Indians, and George T. and Frances 
Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24), in which the exhibits illustrate the 
archaeology of China. Hall 10 is now completed, and Hall 24 is 
90 per cent completed. 

One hundred and twelve exhibition cases, an unprecedented 
record for the Department, were newly installed or reinstalled during 
the year, distributed as follows: 

Stanley Field Hall 1^ 

Mary D. Sturges Hall 1 

Eskimo and Northwest Coast Indians (Hall 10) 40 

Southwest ethnology (Hall 7) 6 

George T. and Frances Gaylord Smith Hall (Hall 24) 42 

Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A) 23 

The Stone Age of the Old World (Hall C) 6 

Total 120 

In Stanley Field Hall a small collection illustrating Maya art 
and industry was placed on exhibition (Case 6). Much of the 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 325 

material was collected by the First, Second, and Third Marshall 
Field Archaeological Expeditions to British Honduras under the 
leadership of Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson. Dominating 
the exhibit is a forceful representation in stone of the Maya sun god. 
In contrast is a delicately carved piece of shell showing a seated 
priest or ruler wearing an elaborate headdress. Indian dentistry 
may be seen in the sets of teeth decorated by filing and the inlaying 
of jade studs. 

Case 7 in Stanley Field Hall, showing selected examples of Chinese 
art, has been reinstalled, the center piece now being a porcelanous 
vase of the third century a.d. 

The collections reinstalled in Hall 10 are Northwest Coast and 
Eskimo material, formerly on exhibition in Mary D. Sturges Hall, 
which is now devoted to North American archaeology. In Hall 10 
they have been rearranged under the direction of Dr. Ralph Linton. 
These exhibits are now installed on buff screens and have labels of 
the new buff -colored type. Many objects received since the previous 
installation have been added to the new exhibit. The western half 
of the hall is occupied by a general exhibit of Northwest Coast art 
at the northern end, and by collections from the Tsimshian, Kwakiutl, 
Bella Coola, Nootka, and tribes of Puget Sound, which are arranged 
from north to south. The Kwakiutl collections are particularly 
complete. It has been possible to show the masks and other para- 
phernalia of the more important societies taking part in the Winter 
Ceremonial, the principal religious ceremony of this tribe. 

The northeast quarter of the hall is devoted to the culture of the 
Tlingit and Haida. As the culture of these two tribes is practically 
identical, objects from both have been combined to eliminate needless 
repetition. Members of these tribes were the best carvers on the 
Northwest Coast, and much of the material shown here possesses 
considerable artistic merit. 

The Eskimo exhibits occupy the southeast quarter of the hall. 
The most noteworthy feature is an exhibit of Eskimo art and 
antiquities, which contains type collections illustrating the culture 
of the Old Bering Sea and Punuk groups, which preceded the modem 
Eskimo in the Bering Sea region. It is the only exhibit of its sort 
in this country, and was made possible by material brought back 
by the John Borden-Field Museum Alaska-Arctic Expedition, and 
by exchanges with the United States National Museum. A new 
feature has been introduced into the Eskimo exhibits. The costumes 
are shown on models with portrait heads in plaster, made by Modeler 

326 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

John G. Prasuhn and colored by Mr. Leon L. Pray, of the Department 
of Zoology. These heads show the physical type of the Eskimo in 
each of the localities represented by the costumes. 

The Chinese collections in the East Gallery (George T. and 
Frances Gaylord Smith Hall) were completely reinstalled during the 
year in a new type of case with concealed lighting. Plate XXVI in 
this Report conveys a good idea of the present appearance of the 
hall and the arrangement of cases. The hall will contain a total of 
thirty-seven floor cases and sixteen wall cases, with the addition of 
framed paintings and several open exhibits on bases. Thirty-two 
floor cases and ten wall cases were installed this year. In the process 
of rearrangement the material previously on exhibition was carefully 
sifted, only the best examples being retained. Much new material 
obtained through gifts and by the Marshall Field Expedition to 
China in 1923 has been added. The result is a much more forceful 
and clearer representation of the development of Chinese civilization 
in all its various phases from earliest times down to the end of the 
eighteenth century. Each case contains a general descriptive label 
which sets forth the characteristic features of the material and the 
period in question. In addition, each object is provided with a 
label of its own. Two large bronze drums, a cast iron bell, and a 
temple censer are shown on bases. A lacquered imperial screen 
with elaborately carved dragons, which was presented some years 
ago by the Arts Club of Chicago, has been placed at the north 
end of the hall. 

The reinstallation of Joseph N. Field Hall (Hall A), begun in 
1931, has progressed satisfactorily. Twenty-three cases with buff- 
colored screens and labels have been placed on exhibition. Three 
of these cases contain material from New Guinea not previously 
exhibited. In all cases many improvements have been made in the 
arrangement of the objects; many have been removed from exhibition 
and replaced by better ones. Photographs have been added to 
nearly all screens to illustrate the method of using various articles 
or the manner of wearing clothing and ornaments. Many products 
of the industries of these primitive peoples show remarkable artistic 
ability, as demonstrated by the wood carvings of New Ireland, the 
masks of New Britain, and the great variety of decorative designs 
found in many parts of New Guinea. 

In twenty-three cases of Hall F (Polynesian ethnology) the old 
style labels have been replaced with buff cards in black type. The 
relabeling is now complete in the forty-one cases of this hall. In 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 327 

Mary D. Sturges Hall, devoted to North American archaeology, 
two cases were labeled, and maps and numbers were placed in all 
cases of this hall, which is now completed. The model of the Great 
Serpent Mound of Adams County, Ohio, has been greatly improved 
by a thorough overhauling given it by Mr. Pray. It is now exhibited 
with an explanatory label in a new, specially constructed case in 
Mary D. Sturges Hall. 

An innovation in Hall J, devoted to Egyptian archaeology, is 
a series of colored transparencies set into one of the walls and electri- 
cally illuminated from behind, showing scenes among the principal 
ancient ruins of Egypt. 

Good progress has been made with the installation of Hall C, 
which is to be devoted to the stone age of man in western Europe. 
Four of the eight groups planned have been completed, and six 
cases of archaeological material have been installed. 

The chief work in African ethnology during the year has been 
the sorting and laying out for installation of the material collected 
by the Frederick H. Rawson-Field Museum Ethnological Expedition 
to West Africa. Approximately two-thirds of this material has 
been prepared for exhibition, while the remainder has been displayed 
in the Study Room. The total number of cases planned for exhibition 
is thirteen. Labels for these have been prepared. 

All phonographic records made by various expeditions of the 
Department, amounting to more than one thousand, have been 
identified, classified, listed and systematically arranged in a cabinet 
placed in the Study Room. 

Repairing and numbering of specimens, and poisoning of exhibi- 
tion cases and perishable material, were taken care of in the usual 



No expeditions were conducted during the year by the Depart- 
ment of Botany. However, in a delayed shipment from the Vemay- 
Lang Kalahari Expedition for Field Museum (conducted in 1930 
primarily for the Department of Zoology) there were received 884 
mounted and named sheets of South African plants. Part of these 
were collected in the Kalahari Desert, an area previously unrepre- 
sented in the Museum's Herbarium, and the remainder consisted of 
plants of other regions in South Africa. 

328 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, presented 638 specimens 
of plants as a result of a private expedition which he sponsored in 
1932 along the Burma-Tibet frontier. These plants were collected 
by Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British botanist, noted for his work 
on the Chinese flora. The material, representative of the flora of 
the high mountains, consists largely of plants belonging to groups 
which occur also in North America. 

In Europe Assistant Curator J. Francis Macbride continued his 
work, described in previous Reports (1929, pp. 62-63; 1930, pp. 
331-334; 1931, pp. 72-74), of photographing, under a grant from 
the Rockefeller Foundation, type specimens of American plants 
preserved in European herbaria. During 1932 about 5,000 negatives 
were made, of which 3,997 thus far have been received at the Museum, 
a substantial addition to the collection of negatives that has grown 
so rapidly since the inception of the work late in the summer of 1929. 
More than 23,000 photographs have been made since the work 

During the first half of the year operations were continued at 
the Berlin Botanical Garden and Museum, where the work has now 
been practically completed. This work has proceeded with the 
cooperation of the director, Dr. Ludwig Diels, and the staff of the 
Berlin museum, with results of incomparable benefit to systematic 
botanists of present and future generations. It is impossible to 
express adequately Field Museum's appreciation of this generous 
spirit of cooperation, maintained through the three years that the 
work has continued. 

During the summer of 1932, arrangements were made for photo- 
graphing the collections of the genus Begonia at the Botanical 
Institute of Hamburg. With the cordial approval of Dr. Edgar 
Irmischer, this task was completed satisfactorily. 

With the aid of Dr. Frederick Wirth, president of the American 
Chamber of Commerce in Berlin, permission was obtained from the 
president of the province of Hanover to photograph the important 
types of palms described many years ago by Wendland, now pre- 
served at Herrenhausen in Hanover. Since these have not been 
accessible generally to botanists, the photographs will have great 

Later in the year further photographic work was carried on at 
the Botanical Institute in Munich, which Mr. Macbride had visited 
in 1930. From the director. Dr. Fritz von Wettstein, and Dr. Karl 
H. Suessenguth there was received the same generous assistance 


Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 329 

extended on the occasion of the previous visit. At Munich there 
is found the most extensive and significant series extant of the 
plants assembled by Martius, father of Brazilian botany. 

The last months of 1932 were passed by Mr. Macbride at Copen- 
hagen, where he photographed types in the collections of the Univer- 
sity Botanical Museum. Dr. Carl Christensen, in charge of the 
I herbarium, gave hearty cooperation, and the work has been carried 
to a successful conclusion. This herbarium is of great interest 
because of its wealth in early collections, particularly those of Lund 
and Warming from Brazil, Liebmann from Mexico, and Oersted 
from Nicaragua and Costa Rica. 

In the photographs made to date of a total of more than 23,000 
type specimens, Field Museum has acquired a representation of 
the flora of South America which, in conjunction with the specimens 
from that continent already in the Herbarium, can scarcely be 
duplicated elsewhere. With all this new material at hand, it is now 
possible to begin study of almost any group of South American 
plants with expectation of good results, and determination of collec- 
tions received for identification can be undertaken with confidence, 
since the majority of known South American species are represented 
by either photographs or specimens, or by both. 

The beneficial results of this work are not confined to the Her- 
barium of Field Museum. Prints of the photographs are available 
at cost of production to all other institutions desiring them, and 
the requests thus far received for them have been reasonably exten- 
sive and would undoubtedly have been m^uch greater but for the 
effects of the present economic situation on the funds of scientific 

The Museum Herbarium has been in constant use throughout 
the year by the staff of the Department of Botany, and by numer- 
ous visitors to the Museum, including some from foreign countries. 
During the year there appeared at least twenty-seven papers by 
American and European botanists based wholly or in part upon 
material in this Herbarium. Probably others which have not been 
brought to the attention of the Museum authorities have also been 

During the early part of the year Dr. H. S. Pepoon and Mr. 
E. G. Barrett, of the Illinois Natural Histor>^ Survey, spent several 
weeks in study of the Museimi's Illinois Herbarium, to obtain data 
for the Flora of Illinois soon to be published by the Survey. This 
publication will prove of inestimable value to those interested in 

330 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

the vegetation of Illinois, as well as to all botanists of the Mississippi 

The Museum published in September, as Volume VIII, No. 6, of 
the Botanical Series, a paper by Dr. Earl E. Sherff, a Chicago 
botanist, entitled Revision of the Genus Cosmos. Twenty-six species 
are enumerated. 

Associate Curator Paul C. Standley published twenty-one short 
papers based more or less directly upon the Herbarium collections. 
One of these, entitled New Plants from British Honduras, appeared 
in December as Volume XI, No. 4, of the Botanical Series of the 
Museum. Seven of Mr. Standley's papers, treating of American 
trees studied at the Museum, were printed in Tropical Woods. To 
the same periodical Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood 
Technology, contributed a paper on Peruvian mahogany, based on 
m.aterial and observations in northeastern Peru resulting from the 
Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the Amazon (1929-30). 
The members of the staff also prepared for Tropical Woods several 
abstracts and reviews of current literature relating to tropical trees. 
Sixteen signed articles on various botanical subjects by members of 
the Department staff, and numerous other items, were published 
from time to time in Field Museum News. Articles on the wood 
exhibits by Mr. Williams appeared in the trade journals Veneers 
and Southern Lumberman. 

The unusually extensive plant collections which arrived during 
the year have fully occupied the time of the Herbarium staff. 
Unfortunately the staff was reduced during the latter part of the 
year by the retirement, for reasons of failing health, of Mr. Carl 
Neuberth, Custodian of the Herbarium, who during his many years 
of service has been largely responsible for the excellent order and 
condition of the collections. It has been possible, however, to keep 
up to date all routine work except that of mounting specimens. In 
spite of the volume of material sent to the Museum for study, it 
usually has been possible to report upon it with reasonable 

During 1932 there were submitted to the Herbarium for more 
or less critical determination 207 lots of plants. Of these, 48 lots, 
consisting of 5,253 specimens, were named and returned to the 
senders, while 159 lots, comprising 7,717 specimens, were retained 
by the Museum. 

In addition, there were determined many specimens of plants 
from the Chicago region and elsewhere that were brought to the 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 331 

Museum by visitors, teachers, and students, or forwarded by mail. 
In some cases only one or two specimens were submitted, while 
in others there were collections containing up to a hundred. Numer- 
ous telephone calls for botanical information, and many letters 
containing diverse queries, were answered. 

A large proportion of the material received from other institutions 
for determination belonged to the Rubiaceae or coffee family, with 
the study of which Mr. Standley has been engaged for several years. 
Among the larger sendings of this group forwarded for naming were 
1,859 sheets from the Museum of Natural History, Paris, largely 
Brazilian plants obtained almost a century ago; 320 sheets from 
the Botanical Museum of Berlin; 103 from the State Museum of 
Stockholm; 282 from the United States National Museum, con- 
taining specimens collected about the end of the eighteenth century 
by Jos6 C. Mutis, pioneer explorer of the flora of Colombia; and 1,422 
from the University Botanical Museum of Copenhagen. 

Determination of large collections left little time for special 
work of an original nature. However, on the basis of a large amount 
of material obtained recently on Barro Colorado Island, Canal 
Zone, Associate Curator Standley prepared a new enumeration of 
the plants of that island, listing some 1,200 species. This has been 
submitted for publication to the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard 
University. In association with Professor Samuel J. Record, Mr. 
Standley also compiled for publication an account of the plants of 
British Honduras. 

Assistant Curator J. Francis Macbride has continued at Berlin 
and elsewhere in Europe his studies of Peruvian plants, and has 
made progress in the preparation of manuscript for the Flora of Peru. 

Mr. Hermann C. Benke, of Chicago, a local botanist, has visited 
the Herbarium as in previous years, and has devoted a great deal 
of time to study of collections made by himself and others. He 
has rendered much assistance in the determination of North American 

accessions — BOTANY 

During 1932 the Department of Botany received 370 accessions, 
comprising 37,500 specimens, both numbers being in excess of the 
receipts of the preceding year. The material consisted of specimens 
for the Herbarium and for the wood and economic collections. Of 
the total number, 11,896 were gifts, 12,661 were received through 
exchange, 1,363 were purchased, and the balance came from mis- 
cellaneous sources. 

332 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Of the Department's total receipts of 37,500 specimens, those 
for the Herbarium consisted of 36,900 items — plant specimens, 
photographic prints, and negatives. The most important accession 
of the year, and the largest single item ever received by the Depart- 
ment of Botany, is not included in the figures just cited. It is the 
University of Chicago Herbarium, composed of 51,600 mounted 
specimens of plants. Twenty-five years ago these were deposited 
with Field Museum, and incorporated with the general Herbarium. 
During 1932, the contract between the university and the Museum 
regarding the deposit having expired, the trustees of the university 
very generously presented the collection to the Museum, and it 
now becomes a permanent part of the Museum Herbarium, with 
the provision that it shall be available to students of the university 
qualified to make use of it. Its permanent acquisition is a matter 
of great satisfaction. 

The collection was formed largely through personal effort of the 
late Dr. John M. Coulter, for many years head of the department 
of botany of the university. Its nucleus was his own private her- 
barium, which was assembled when he was occupied primarily with 
systematic botanical work, and it therefore contains a large number 
of types of the species he described from the western United States, 
Central America, and elsewhere. In addition, it possesses much 
historical material obtained by early collectors in the western 
states, as well as representative collections from all parts of North 
America, and from other continents. With the addition of this 
collection the number of specimens received by the Herbarium 
during the year, therefore, might be stated to be 88,500, rather than 
the number reported above. 

The gift next in importance received during 1932 came from Dr. 
Earl E. Sherff, of Chicago, and consisted of 2,234 photographic 
negatives of type and other important specimens of the family 
Compositae, chiefly of the genera Bidens, Cosmos, and Coreopsis. 
Dr. Sherff has been engaged for many years in the study of these 
groups and has examined most of the material in the leading herbaria 
of America and Europe. The negatives he has given have been 
added to the Museum's large collection of type negatives, and will 
be available for the use of other institutions interested in them. 

Mention is made on page 328 of the continuation of the work of 
Assistant Curator Macbride in European herbaria and of the photo- 
graphic negatives of type specimens of tropical American plants 
received from him. These represent chiefly South American types 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 333 

in the Berlin Botanical Garden and Museum. There were added to 
the Herbarium approximately 5,700 prints from these type negatives. 
It is worthy of record, also, that during 1932 the Museum distributed 
by sale or exchange to eight institutions and individuals of North 
and South America 12,806 prints from the negatives. 

In spite of the fact that it has been impossible to purchase more 
than a few specimens, it is most satisfactory to be able to report 
unusually large receipts, by gifts and exchanges, of plants from 
South and Central America. Among the outstanding accessions are 
601 specimens from the Department of Cuzco, Peru, presented by 
Dr. Fortunato L. Herrera, rector of the University of Cuzco; and 
814 plants and wood specimens presented by the School of Forestry 
of Yale University through Professor Samuel J. Record, the material 
being from British Honduras, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and other 
regions. This collection contains numerous new or rare species. 

One of the most valuable accessions of recent years consisted of 
922 Brazilian plants, belonging to the families Rubiaceae, Ama- 
ranthaceae, and Nyctaginaceae, presented by the Instituto Biologico, 
of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Associate Curator Standley, who studied and 
determined the material, reported that it was the most important 
single collection that he had handled during many years of work 
in herbaria. Welcome, too, was a sending of 552 Brazilian plants, 
chiefly Rubiaceae, received from the Museu Nacional of Rio de 
Janeiro, through the courtesy of Dr. A. J. de Sampaio. 

Through the continued cooperation of the Companhia Ford 
Industrial do Brasil, in Para, Brazil, there were received in 1932, 
through Mr. Roy Carr, 469 specimens of plants, chiefly from Ford- 
landia on the Tapajos River. Since this collection consists almost 
wholly of timber trees and includes 185 ample specimens of wood, 
its value is considerably greater than the actual number of speci- 
mens would indicate. The material was determined in the Museum, 
and a report upon it was sent to the Ford company. Labeled samples 
of wood also were returned to the company, which is making a study 
of the plant resources on its properties. A preliminary list of the 
trees represented, with their vernacular names as furnished by the 
Brazilian collectors, Messrs. Monteiro da Costa and Capucho, was 
prepared by Associate Curator Standley, and published during the 
year in Tropical Woods. Several striking new species of trees were 
described from the collections, which include many Amazonian 
species represented in the Herbarium previously only by photographs 
of the types. 

334 Field ^Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

One of the distinctive gifts to the Herbarium during the year, 
came from Dr. Anton Heimerl, of Vienna, long recognized as the 
leading authority on the family Nyctaginaceae. Having completed 
his life work upon this difficult group of tropical plants, he forwarded 
a private collection of 100 specimens in order that they might be 
available to Associate Curator Standley. who likewise has devoted 
much time to the study of this family. It is with special gratitude 
that there is recorded also a gift of Uruguayan plants, from Mr. 
Cornelius Osten, of Montevideo, who, in addition, lent for study 
his private collection of Rubiaceae. 

The Museum's series of Argentinian plants is as unsatisfactory^ 
as that of most other Xorth American herbaria. Consequently it 
was gratifj^ng to obtain from Argentina during 1932 several lots of 
Rubiaceae from the following institutions and indi\iduals: ]Museo 
Nacional de Historia Natural, of Buenos Aires, through the courtesy 
of Professor Alberto Castellanos; ]\Iuseo de La Plata; Dr. Angel 
L. Cabrera, of La Plata; IMuseo de Historia Natural, of Tucuman; 
Mr. Arturo Burkart, of Buenos Aires; Ministerio de Agricultura, 
Buenos Aires, through Dr. Jos^ F. Molfino; and Instituto de Botanica 
y Farmacologia, of Buenos Aires. 

Noteworthy among the gifts of ^Mexican plants are a collection 
obtained in the state of Tamaulipas by Mr. H. W. von Rozynski, 
of Jaumave, and specimens from the state of Veracruz, forwarded 
by Dr. C. A. Purpus. A collection from the lakes of the Yucatan 
peninsula and Guatemala was presented by Dr. Alfons Dampf, of 
Mexico City, and specimens of Yucatan plants were forwarded by 
Dr. Roman Sabas Flores, of Progreso, Yucatan. 

Among the important gifts of Central American plants were 
specimens from IMr. AVilliam A. Schipp, of Stann Creek, British 
Honduras; from the Direccion General de Agricultura of Guatemala 
City, through Mr. Jorge Garcia Salas; from the Museo Nacional of 
Costa Rica, specimens collected by its director. Professor Manuel 
Valerio; another collection from Costa Rica, gathered by Professor 
Ruben Torres Rojas, of Cartago; plants collected on Barro Colorado 
Island, Canal Zone, from Mr. James Zetek, Resident Custodian; 
and further Barro Colorado collections from Dr. R. H. Wetmore, 
Mr. E. G. Abbe, Dr. R. H. Woodworth, and Mr. P. A. Vestal, 
of Har\-ard L'niversity. 

Among the receipts of United States plants are 988 specimens 
from the Mississippi Valley and the southern and southwestern 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 335 

states, collected, presented, and determined by Mr. Hermann C. 
Benke, of Chicago. 

Besides the accessions specifically mentioned above, the Her- 
barium received a large amount of valuable material by gifts and 
exchanges from institutions and individuals in many parts of both 
the New and the Old Worlds. A summary will be found in the List 
of Accessions for the year (p. 380 of this Report). 

Of economic material and woods there were received from 
scientific and commercial institutions and from indi\nduals as gifts 
or in exchange 594 specimens, of which 458 were wood samples. 
Some of these are for exhibition purposes, and some are to augment 
the reference collections. They also are noted in the List of Acces- 
sions, or described under Installations and Rearrangements — Botany. 

Through the cooperation of Acting Curator B. E. Dahlgren with 
Mr. S. C. Johnson, of Racine, Wisconsin, the Museum secured a 
series of products of the camauba palm, assembled early in the 
year during a visit to Ceara, Brazil. Through the aid of the govern- 
ment agronomist in charge of the acti\'ities of the Brazilian ^Ministry 
of Agriculture in that state, Mr. Humberto Rodrigues de Andrade, 
special opportunities were pro\nded for obsen^ations on the carnauba 
industrj^ and for collection of data and representative material. 
Two export houses of Ceara contributed specimens showing the 
prevailing classification of camauba wax, which forms one of the 
main export products of the semi-dry regions of northeastern Brazil. 

To the Museum's large series of domestic and foreign woods there 
was added a large number of specimens. Particularl}' noteworthy 
are the woods, with accompanying herbarium specimens, sent by 
the Companhia Ford Industrial do Brasil. The Museum now 
possesses more than 2,500 authentic specimens of woods from the 
Amazon region. 

In continuation of contributions made in previous years, Ichabod 
T. Williams and Sons, of New York, donated twenty-nine exhibition 
panels of imported woods from Brazil, East Africa, India, Philippine 
Islands, and other countries. The Schick- Johnson Company, of 
Chicago, contributed its services for the execution of the ph'wood 
work on various panels required for exhibition in the Hall of Foreign 
Woods (Hall 27). 

In 1932 the Department of Botany distributed in exchanges 
6,052 herbarium specimens, woods, photographs, and packets of 
seeds, to thirty-five institutions and individuals in the United 
States, Europe, and South America. The distribution consisted in 

336 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

large part of Peruvian material collected by the Marshall Field 
Expeditions. It also included several hundred duplicate sheets 
removed from time to time from the Herbarium, and duplicates 
of woods received, prepared, and named in the Museum. Loans 
of mounted specimens from the Herbarium amounted to 1,620 
specimens, sent out in thirty-six lots. 

cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling — BOTANY 

In 1932 the permanent collections of the Herbarium were 
increased by about 15,000 sheets of plants and photographs, the 
total number of mounted specimens being at present 653,078. The 
specimens labeled and incorporated into the collections of the 
Department of Botany as a whole now number 670,881. Additions 
to the records of the collections of economic material totaled 594 in 
1932. Labels were written for the economic reference collections, 
for many thousands of herbarium specimens, and for thousands of 
duplicate specimens distributed in exchanges. 

There is maintained in the Herbarium a card catalogue recording 
the contributions of every collector whose plants are in the collec- 
tions, and the extent to which the flora of any country is represented. 
The index of collectors contains 12,159 cards, with the names of 
almost as many collectors. To this index 189 cards were added 
during 1932. The geographic index now consists of 3,187 cards. 

From the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 5,230 cards 
were received in continuation of the index of new species of American 
plants, and these were inserted in the Museum's file of these cards. 
Also there were received from the Institut Colonial de Marseille, 
Marseilles, France, 919 index cards dealing with phases of economic 

Several thousand cards were prepared and added to the catalogue 
of the Department library for the books and pamphlets on travels, 
plant geography and ecology, morphology, physiology, etc. 

installations and rearrangements — BOTANY 

In the Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29) there were installed during 
the year some important exhibits of material obtained in part by 
Museum expeditions, and in part produced by the Stanley Field 
Plant Reproduction Laboratories. The recent work on various 
Paleozoic plants for the Carboniferous forest group, installed in 
Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) in 1931, led to an expansion of 
the Equisetum exhibit in the Hall of Plant Life in 1932. This was 




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Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 337 

reinstalled with the addition of fossil material and some reconstruc- 
tions, notably portions of the large calamites which in past ages 
represented this now greatly reduced group of plants. 

Likewise an exhibit of seed ferns (Cycadofilices or Pterido- 
spermeae) was prepared to represent in the Hall of Plant Life this 
entirely extinct but botanically important group of plants with 
cycad-like seeds. This display includes a reconstruction of the 
famous Lyginopteris Oldhamnium, of which seeds and foliage had 
long been known separately before it was realized that they were 
parts of the same plant. 

The Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the Amazon in 1929 
furnished material and information for some of the new botanical 
exhibits which were completed in 1932. Perhaps the most interesting 
of these are a branch of the Brazil nut tree, and a fruiting branch 
of one of the more typical monkey-pots, a species of Sapucaia yield- 
ing nuts even superior to Brazil nuts. These have been reproduced 
and installed, together with a representative variety of the curious 
large and woody dried fruits of this family, obtained in part by the 
same expedition. 

Another exhibit resulting from collecting and preparation in 
the field by the Amazon expedition, and subsequent completion 
in the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories, is a fruiting 
branch of the souari nut or tropical butternut tree of northern South 
America, of which there are several species. At present rarities 
outside of the countries where they grow, some of these probably 
will become much better known. The thick, fleshy pulp of the 
fruit is of interest as a source of oil, and the excellent wood has a 
distinctive appearance, as may be seen from the small specimen 
displayed with the branch, and from planks shown among the 
Amazonian woods in the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27). 

A coca bush which the Amazon expedition encountered in 
flowering as well as fruiting stage, furnished the original for repro- 
duction in celluloid and glass of this plant from which the alkaloid 
cocaine is obtained. The employment of celluloid for leaf forms, 
as exemplified in the coca-bush exhibit, makes it possible to repro- 
duce both surfaces in perfect detail, and represents an important 
advance in the technique at the disposal of the Museum laboratories. 

Another branch which may well be considered a technical achieve- 
ment as a satisfactory reproduction of the original is that of the 
curious tropical flowering shrub or tree, Brunfelsia. This furnishes 
a beginning toward a representation of the nightshade family with 

338 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

its many important plants, including belladonna, tobacco, pimentoes, 
potatoes, tomatoes, etc. Of these a pimento and a tobacco plant are 
well under way. 

Another new exhibit of an important economic plant which has 
long been a desideratum for the Department's economic displays 
is that of a peanut plant in flower and fruit. This plant's some- 
what unusual habit of developing and ripening its fruit only under 
ground, after flowering in the usual manner, is undoubtedly its 
special point of botanical interest. Though in a botanical sense 
the peanut is not a nut but a legume pod, the instructive reproduc- 
tion of this plant has been installed, in accordance with popular 
conception, in the exhibit of nuts of American origin in Hall 25. 

An extensive addition to the exhibits in this hall is an assemblage 
of specimens of the principal vegetable foods of New World 
origin. This is designed to show at a glance which of numerous 
vegetables and fruits in common use are native or peculiar to the 
two American continents. Some belonging to the northern circum- 
polar flora, such as various blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, 
etc., are omitted because they have Old World counterparts. 
Included are Indian com, pumpkin, squashes and marrows, potatoes, 
sweet potatoes, manioc or cassava, Jerusalem artichokes, pimentoes, 
tomatoes, string beans, Lima beans, kidney beans, peanuts, avocados, 
papaws, papaya, tuna fruit, pineapple, persimmons, the fox grape, 
which is the parent of Concords and catawbas, and others. One 
of the American nuts has been included for the purpose of calling 
attention to the special exhibit in the same hall of the many varieties 
of these. 

To the economic botany exhibits in Hall 28 some important 
additions were made during the year. One of these is a case showing 
the principal vegetable oils used for industrial purposes. These 
are arranged in two general groups: one of the chief so-called non- 
drying oils used for soap making, for dyeing, and for illuminating; 
the other group including the drying oils used commercially in 
paints and varnishes, and for foundry oils. The exhibit comprises 
also the most prominent oil-producing seeds. Most of the oil samples 
were presented by the Scientific Oil Compounding Company of 
Chicago, through the courtesy of Dr. Otto Eisenschiml, whose 
cooperation should be especially acknowledged. 

To the exhibits of cellulose products in Hall 28 was added one 
showing various kinds of rayon or so-called artificial silk. This 
exhibit illustrates the different kinds of raw materials used and 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 339 

the chemical treatment by which the cellulose is dissolved and 
subsequently re-precipitated in the form of threads. In the same 
half-case are exhibited the different stages in the preparation of 
celluloid lacquer or varnish. 

A case showing paper made from wood pulp was added to the 
exhibit of paper-making materials in the same hall. A series of 
samples represents the various stages in the mechanical and chemical 
treatment of coniferous woods for the manufacture of wood pulp 
paper. There are also shown some of the common and some of the 
unusual types of paper manufactured from coniferous and other 
common soft woods of this country. A series of tropical soft woods 
suitable for paper pulp is another feature of the exhibit. 

The cork exhibit, also in Hall 28, was completely reinstalled and 
relabeled, as was the case of products made from bamboo. Informa- 
tion for some of the labels of the latter was kindly furnished by 
Professor T. Nakai of Tokyo Imperial University. 

In the Hall of Foreign Woods (Hall 27) there were installed five 
panels of commercial woods of the West Indies: blue mahoe, satin- 
wood, degame, cocus wood, and West Indian boxwood. 

Of the extensive collection of Japanese woods which have been 
on display for several years, one case was refinished and reinstalled. 
The unusually fine collection of planks representing the principal 
woods of eastern Australia was also refinished and reinstalled. A 
full length veneered panel of the so-called Australian silky oak, 
and a series of four panels of Oriental wood (Endiandra Palmerstonii) 
showing a wide variation of grain, were added. 

During the last months of the year the Division of Printing 
furnished the Department of Botany with a large quantity of 
labels including descriptive labels for new exhibits as well as for 
some installations of the previous year. As a result there are now 
few specimens with labels lacking. The black labels in the Hall of 
Plant Life are being replaced with new buff labels. 

General case labels of such size that they can be read with ease 
from the central aisles of the halls have been prepared for most of 
the cases of the Department, and have been installed in two halls. 
Placed near the top within the cases, they serve to indicate in a 
word or two the general nature of the material displayed. Thus 
a visitor may see at a glance whether an exhibit of woods is composed 
of specimens from Australia, Europe, or Argentina. In the exhibit 
of industrial raw materials, the words "cotton," "linen," "jute," 

340 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

"ramie," etc., will guide him. In the Hall of Plant Life such words 
as "algae," "fungi," "conifers," etc., will aid in finding any desired 
item and at the same time will serve the general purpose of 

expeditions and research 

The Department of Geology had no official expeditions during 
1932. However, some collecting was done by certain members of 
the Department staff who chose to engage in such activities during 
their vacations, presenting to the Museum the specimens resulting 
from their efforts. Of such undertakings the most important was 
carried on by Mr. Bryan Patterson, Assistant in Paleontology, in 
the neighborhood of Grand Junction, Colorado. Mr. Patterson was 
accompanied by Mr. Thomas J. Newbill, Jr., of La Grange, Illinois, 
who generously provided a car for transportation and gave much 
assistance in the field. The purpose of the expedition was to obtain 
material of individuals of the fossil mammal belonging to the genus 
Titanoides, a few bones of which had been received in the previous 
year. This animal belonged to the group of amblypods, an order 
of ungulates which became extinct in early Tertiary times. Members 
of the genus were about the size of a modem rhinoceros, but had 
been known hitherto only from a few scattered bones. 

Mr. Patterson and his associate made seven different finds, which 
afforded vertebrae, limbs and feet, ribs, part of a skull and complete 
lower jaws of members of the genus. From this material it will 
be possible to make a much more nearly complete representation 
of the animal than heretofore. Much assistance was rendered the 
collectors by Mr. E. B. Faber, of Grand Junction, who had furnished 
the material on which Mr. Patterson's first study of the animal had 
been made and in whose honor the species had been named. Besides 
collecting specimens, careful records of the stratigraphy of the 
region were made by Mr. Patterson, and these will aid in further 

Investigation and description of portions of the collections made 
by the Marshall Field Paleontological Expeditions to South America, 
conducted from 1922 to 1927, were continued during the year. In 
pursuance of this work. Associate Curator Elmer S. Riggs and 
Assistant Patterson prepared a publication on certain notoungulates 
from the Notostylops beds of Patagonia. The manuscript is now 
in press. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 341 

A monograph on the Cerro Cuadrado Petrified Forest of 
Patagonia, based on collections of petrified cones and branches 
made by the Marshall Field Expeditions in 1924, has been prepared 
and submitted by Dr. George R. Wieland of Yale University. Dr. 
Wieland has been engaged in the preparation of this monograph 
for several years, and his study is an exhaustive one. 

Dr. Rudolf Stahlecker, who was a member of the Second Marshall 
Field Paleontological Expedition to Argentina, has prepared and 
submitted notes on the stratigraphy and tectonic features of certain 
fossil-bearing formations of the Province of Catamarca, Argentina. 
These observations now await publication. They are not only a 
new contribution to science but also serve to establish the horizons 
from which the Museum collections were obtained. 

Other studies of the South American collections which were 
carried nearly to completion during the year include one of a new 
carnivorous marsupial and another of a rare ground sloth and related 
species. Through arrangements with the American Museum of 
Natural History, New York, studies of the South American fossil 
mammals of pre-Santa Cruz age are to be shared by the two institu- 
tions, the American Museum to devote itself to mammals of the two 
lower, and Field Museum to those of the two upper horizons of that 
period. In pursuance of this plan an exchange of specimens for 
purposes of study has been made between the two institutions by 
virtue of which the American Museum has loaned 119 specimens 
and Field Museum 126 specimens. 

A Museum leaflet entitled The Geological History and Evolution 
of the Horse by Associate Curator Riggs was published during the 
year. This leaflet contains, in addition to anatomical comparisons 
of the horses of various geological periods, an account of the more 
important branches of the horse family, of the climatic conditions 
under which horses of extinct types have lived, of their food, the 
influence of these factors upon the development of the animal, the 
migrations of various branches of the family over the world, and 
the probable causes of their extinction. 

A paper on "The Upper Molars of Canis ambrusteri" by Assistant 
Patterson was published in the American Journal of Science during 
the year. Papers by Associate Curator Henry W. Nichols and Phil 
C. Orr on "Bakelite Impregnation of Fossil Bones," and by Mr. 
Nichols and Assistant Curator Sharat K. Roy on "Preparation of 
Micro-fossils" were published in the British Museums Journal. 

342 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Work on the collections of invertebrate fossils made by the Second 
Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition (1927-28) has been 
continued by Assistant Curator Roy, and all the more important 
groups, except a few species of gastropods and br>'ozoans, have 
been examined and described. Eleven new species have been 
discovered, in addition to twenty-five previously reported. Included 
in this work, besides superficial cleaning and preparation of a large 
number of specimens, has been the grinding and polishing of thirty 
sections of fossil corals and one of a fossil cephalopod. 

Articles contributed by members of the Department staff to 
Field Museum News totaled fourteen signed contributions and a 
similar number of briefer, unsigned notes. 

Curator Oliver C. Farrington addressed a special meeting of the 
Milwaukee Astronomical Society held at the Museum November 13, 
on the subject of meteorites and the Museum's large model of the 
moon. A special meeting of the Western Society of Engineers held 
at the Museum on September 24 was addressed by Associate Curator 
Nichols on the economic minerals of Illinois as compared with those 
of the world. 

Dr. Elias Dahr, of the University of Lund, Denmark, spent a 
few days in the Department in the study of fossil carnivores, and 
Dr. Remington Kellogg, of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
D.C., made further studies here on a fossil whale. Other visiting 
scientists included Dr. Henry Fairfield Osbom, Mr. Bamum Brown, 
Mr. Walter Granger, and Dr. G. G. Simpson, of the American 
Museum of Natural History; Mr. C. W. Gilmore, of the United 
States National Museum; and Dr. Harry Berman, of Harvard 

Requests from correspondents and visitors for information and 
for identification of specimens were received as usual in large numbers, 
and were attended to as quickly and fully as possible. There were 
376 correspondents and 239 visitors referred to the Department 
during the year. Specimens brought or sent for identification were 
chiefly invertebrate fossils, 686 of these being determined. Of 
minerals and supposed meteorites 221 were determined. 


While the number of accessions was not as large as in some 
previous years, many interesting and important additions were 
made to the collections by gift, exchange and purchase. Mr. 
William J. Chalmers, of Chicago, added to the crystal collection. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 343 

which has been brought to such a high standard of excellence through 
his long continued gifts, a quartz geode, twenty-two inches in 
diameter. It weighs 125 pounds, and is filled with brilliant quartz 
crystals. Other gifts to the collection by Mr. Chalmers were an 
unusually large and transparent crystal of sphalerite from Boulder, 
Colorado, and a specimen of a new habit of crystallized mimetite 
from Tsumeb, Southwest Africa. He also gave, from the so-called 
Petrified Forest in Arizona, two specimens of petrified wood which 
show unusual colors for that occurrence. 

An important gift received from Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Acting 
Curator of the Department of Botany, included seven specimens of 
diamonds in matrix obtained by him at Dattas, Minas Geraes, 
Brazil. Besides the value of the diamonds themselves, the specimens 
are of unusual interest in showing the diamonds associated with the 
rare minerals lazulite and cyanite. Three specimens of another 
matrix in which diamonds occur at the same locality, probably an 
alteration product of the lazulite, were also included. Besides 
these. Dr. Dahlgren presented fifteen specimens of the rare mineral 
euxenite, notable for its composition of rare earths. 

Mr. Herbert C. Walther, of Chicago, added to the collection of 
rare metals in elemental form, to which he had previously liberally 
contributed, specimens of metallic potassium, sodium, manganese, 
uranium and cerium. He also presented some elemental phosphorus, 
ores of caesium and tantalum, a specimen of ferrocerium alloy and 
seventeen garnets. 

Additional specimens illustrating the minerals of Arkansas, of 
which Mr. Frank von Drasek, of Cicero, Illinois, had previously 
been a generous donor, were given by him in the form of five fine 
quartz crystals, twenty-two pearls from the Little Missouri River, 
and some small crystal chips. Mr. von Drasek also presented some 
carved turquois from the Zufii, New Mexico, Indian reservation, 
the carvings representing birds and animals. The above-mentioned 
gifts comprise a total of thirty-seven specimens. Also, as a result 
of recent visits to some of the more important mining localities in 
New Mexico, Mr. von Drasek obtained, partly by his own collecting 
and partly by gifts from local officials, sixty-nine specimens of 
minerals, ores, and fossils which he kindly presented to the Museimi. 
Important specimens in this gift include some of the potash-bearing 
mineral polyhalite as found at Roswell; specimens of the Hanover 
zinc ores and silver; and gold ores and volcanic ash from the region 
of Silver City. 

344 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

A large mass of pure gilsonite in the form of a two-foot cube, 
and about forty smaller specimens of the same mineral, all from 
Cuba, were presented by the Central Commercial Company, of 
Chicago. Both the large mass and the smaller specimens are 
remarkable for the high purity of the material. 

Mr. Le Roy P. Guion, of Newton, Massachusetts, presented to 
the Museum for permanent possession, a large, etched section of 
the Seneca Falls meteorite which had been loaned to the institution 
many years before by his father, the late General G. Murray Guion. 
Interesting correspondence in connection with the meteorite and 
its study by Professor Charles U. Shepard, of Amherst, and Professor 
Benjamin Silliman, of Yale, the leading mineralogists of their day, 
was an appreciated addition to the gift. 

From Dr. C. T. Elvey, of the Yerkes Observatory, Williams 
Bay, Wisconsin, there were received as a gift, two specimens of the 
iron meteorites which occur at Odessa, Texas, in connection with 
the crater of problematic origin to be seen there. Of this occurrence 
the Museum previously had no specimens. The two presented 
include one of an unaltered meteorite, and one of the so-called 
"iron-shale" which is formed by oxidation of the meteorites. As 
the topography and distribution of the Odessa meteorites resemble 
in many ways the corresponding features at the well-known locality 
of Canyon Diablo, Arizona, the possibility that the crater was formed 
by the fall of a large meteorite at Odessa is indicated. 

There were also received, by gift from Mr. N. H. Seward, of 
Melbourne, Australia, specimens of meteorites from another "meteor 
crater" not previously represented in the Museum collection. These 
specimens, in the form of two typical individual meteorites, are from 
the craters at Henbury, Australia. A cast of the Santa Fe meteorite, 
illustrating its peculiar shape, was another welcome addition to the 
meteorite collection, coming as a gift from the United States National 
Museum, Washington, D.C. 

Two valued additions were made to the Museum's series of 
copper masses distributed by glacial action, in the gift of a seventeen- 
pound copper boulder from Columbus, Wisconsin, received from 
Mr. Carl Pickhardt, of Chicago, and a seven-pound mass found 
at Oglesby, Illinois, presented by Mr. Leonard Pryde, of Oglesby. 

Mr. Arthur Roat, of Red Lodge, Montana, contributed fourteen 
specimens of the rare mineral mesolite. These specimens represent 
a new locality for this mineral. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 345 

Twenty specimens of phlogopite and other micas from Laurier 
County, Quebec, presented by Mr. Frank Spaak, of Chicago, afford 
a series illustrating valuable, newly discovered deposits of mica in 
this remote locality. Mr. Spaak also gave seven specimens of other 
minerals from the locality, these being chiefly talc, apatite, and 

A number of shells of the pearl oyster and one pearl weighing 
seventeen grains, from the Tuamotu Archipelago, French Oceania, 
were presented by Mr. Edward A. Zimmerman, of Chicago, who 
collected them. They afford a valuable illustration of the pearl 
fisheries in that portion of the globe. 

Six crystallized specimens of the rare minerals, tennantite, 
colusite, and enargite, from Butte, Montana, were presented by Mr. 
Blair W. Stewart, of South Bend, Indiana. Mrs. A. H. Roper, of Oak 
Park, Illinois, presented a large specimen of mica schist containing 
many well-formed crystals of staurolite, which she found near 
Rausin Lake, Wisconsin. A specimen of the highest grade of glass 
sand, and one of testing sand, from the important deposits at Ottawa, 
Illinois, were presented by the Ottawa Silica Company. 

Mr. Stafford C. Edwards, of Colton, California, gave four speci- 
mens of the remarkable maul-shaped concretions which occur at 
that locality. They are the largest of this type that have yet been 
received. Another group, numbering eleven specimens, of interesting 
compound concretions showing unusual forms was received from 
Mrs. J. T. Stewart, of Chicago. They were obtained near Grand 
Junction, Colorado. From Mr. A. T. Newman, of Bloomer, Wis- 
consin, there were received by gift thirty limonite concretions of 
an unusual type found in the vicinity of his home, as well as four 
specimens of the DevO's Hill, South Dakota, sand-calcite concretions. 

A skull and jaws of the rare homed fossil gopher Ceratogaulus, 
an extinct type of rodent of which only a very few specimens are 
known, was included in a gift from Messrs. Thompson Stout and 
Ed. Hartman, of Lewellen, Nebraska. Added to this gift were 
three teeth of the fossil horse, Pliohippiis, and a bone of the fossil 
rhinoceros, Teleoceras. 

To several groups of collaborators the Museum is indebted for 
a number of specimens of fossil plants and invertebrates collected 
by them in various localities in Illinois. One group, which included 
Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Below, Miss Nan B. Mason, and Mr. Bryan 
Patterson, all of Chicago, presented collections they assembled at 
Galesburg, Illinois, of ninety-one fossil plants and five fossil shark 


346 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

spines. The same group, from collections made in the neighborhood 
of Sag Canal, Illinois, presented forty-nine invertebrate fossils. 

Mr. Henry Field, of the Department of Anthropology, and Messrs. 
Bryan Patterson and Sharat K. Roy, of the Department of Geology, 
presented 150 specimens of the rare fossil worm, Leciliaylus, and 
198 specimens of trilobites, graptolites, and other invertebrates, 
which they collected at Blue Island, Illinois. Messrs. Field and 
Patterson also presented nine specimens of invertebrates, chiefly 
remains of trilobites, which they collected at Racine, Wisconsin. 
Mr. Frank Letl, of the Department of Zoology, Mr. Thomas J. 
Newbill, Jr., of La Grange, Illinois, and Mr. Patterson presented 
forty-eight specimens of invertebrate fossils, collected by them at 
Danville, Illinois. Messrs. Patterson and Roy gave twenty-three 
specimens of cephalopods and brachiopods of Devonian age collected 
at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

From an expedition to Plateau Creek, Colorado, conducted by 
Messrs. Patterson and Newbill, there were received a large part of 
a skeleton of the rare amblypod, Titanoides, a part of the carapace 
of a fossil turtle, the front portion of the snout of a fossil crocodile, 
and three specimens of invertebrate fossils. 

From the United States National Museum, a skull of the large 
fossil peccary, Platygonus Cumberland ensis, was received by exchange. 
This affords a highly valued representation of the occurrence in 
the United States of this type of mammal now found chiefly in South 
America. A representative slice of the Cotesfield meteorite, and a 
cast showing the form of the whole meteorite, were obtained by 
exchange with the Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver. 
An exchange with Professor H. H. Nininger, of Denver, enabled 
the Museum to add a complete slab of the Tlacotepec, Mexico, 
meteorite to the collection. This slab is polished and etched and 
shows well the peculiar etching figures of the meteorite. A fine 
specimen of millerite on calcite from St. Louis was obtained by 
exchange with Mr. E. M. Gunnell, of Galesburg, Illinois. 

The only addition to the collections obtained by purchase was 
a polished section of South American agate which shows unusual 
natural colors. 

cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling — GEOLOGY 

New entries recorded in the Department catalogues, now com- 
prising twenty-six volumes, totaled 991 during 1932. These added 
to previous entries give a total of 190,399. More than half of the 


Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 347 

new entries were those of fossil plants and invertebrates; the remainder 
were chiefly of ores and minerals. Forty-four catalogue cards of 
fossil vertebrates were written. The total number of cards written 
in 1932 was 7,188. 

Preparation of copy for new labels, and for replacing those on 
black cards with buff-colored ones, was carried on continuously 
through the year, and a total of 1,807 were written and sent to the 
Division of Printing. Forty-four of these labels were descriptive. 
When the labels prepared during the year are printed and installed 
the labeling of the exhibits in Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37) 
will be completed. In order to afford information regarding the 
exhibits until the permanent labels are ready, 396 temporary tj^e- 
written labels were made and installed in that hall. Thirteen labels 
were received during the year from the Division of Printing. 

The number of photographic prints added to the Department 
albums was 102, bringing the total of such prints to 7,480. Labels 
for all prints were prepared and filed with them. New United 
States Geological Survey maps numbering 337 were received, filed 
and labeled, making a total of 3,753 of these maps now available. 


The large geode presented by Mr. William J. Chalmers was 
installed in Hall 34 in a special case made in the Department. 

In Clarence Buckingham Hall (Hall 35) the lodestone from Utah 
with its accessories, and a large concretion from South Dakota, both 
of which hitherto had been exhibited in the open, were provided 
with special cases, also made in the Department. 

In Hall 36, devoted to coal, oil and non-metallic minerals, the 
contents of twenty-two cases in the west half, which had been 
disarranged in moving them to make repairs, were removed, the 
interiors of the cases cleaned, and the specimens and labels reinstalled. 
One case containing talc and bentonite, one of fuller's earth, three 
of silica, two of graphite, one of asphalt, one of oil shale, and one 
of peat were also cleaned and the contents reinstalled. 

To the case in Hall 36 containing large specimens of coal and 
asphalt, the fine series of specimens of gilsonite presented by the 
Central Commercial Company was added, space for the addition 
being obtained by withdrawing some less important material. 
Seven temporary descriptive labels were installed in this case. In 
other cases in the hall 250 labels were installed, and in seven cases 
of petroleum 398 newly printed labels were installed. Since the 

348 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

jars of petroleum on exhibition sometimes lose some of their contents 
by expansion of gases during the heat of the summer, these jare, 
400 in number, were all sealed with transparent gelatine to prevent 
further losses. 

In the same hall, the large trunk of a fossil tree from the coal 
measures, hitherto exhibited uncovered, was in danger of damage 
from too much handling by visitors. Accordingly, a case made in 
the Department workrooms was provided for it. A large painting 
showing a section of the Minnesota iron mine was renovated and 
hung on the west wall of the hall over the large model of the Chandler » 
iron mine. fl 

Many of the locks on the cases in Hall 36 having been found 
to be so badly corroded that they were unserviceable, 130 were 
repaired. Plans for a new exhibit of liquid petroleum products to 
replace the present one which occupies a large case in the center fl 
aisle of the hall have been prepared with the cooperation of Mr. 
C. G. Kustner of the Standard Oil Company (Indiana). Much of 
the material for the new exhibit has been assembled, and detailed 
studies are now under way to determine which of a number of possible 
methods of exhibition will produce the most effective display. 

Reinstallation of Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall (Hall 37), which has 
been in progress for more than two years, has been completed 
except for replacing about 2,000 of the old labels with new buff ones. 
Copy for the new labels has been prepared. At the beginning of 
the year nineteen cases of ores of the precious and heavy metals 
remained to be installed. These cases were emptied and their 
interiors repainted to conform to the new buff color now standard 
for case interiors. All specimens before reinstallation were cleaned 
and checked. They were also compared with the specimens of the 
reserve collections to make sure that the most suitable specimens 
from both collections were included in the exhibits. Changes in 
the mineral industry since the time of the original installation made 
more than 200 such exchanges desirable. 

Although the general arrangement of the collections remains 
substantially as before, the order of the specimens in each case has 
been changed to secure a better grouping and a more attractive 
display. The copper ore collections have been enlarged, and the 
exhibits of zinc ores and of precious metal ores of Colorado have 
been reduced. The aluminum ores have been given additional 
space and a prominent position, consistent with their present 
importance. Since the exhibit of ores of the rare elements has 






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Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 349 

always attracted special attention, and the industrial importance of 
these ores has greatly increased in the past few years, and promises 
to increase still more in the immediate future, this exhibit was 
revised and enlarged until it occupies, besides its original space, 
that formerly devoted to the aluminum ore collection, and some 
secured by curtailing the arsenic and antimony exhibits. 

The labeling of the nineteen cases required replacing of 2,085 
of the old-style black labels with new labels. Advantage was 
taken of the necessity of reprinting these to check them thoroughly 
for possible errors and omissions, and in many instances to improve 
the phraseology. It has also been possible at times to provide new 
and more important data. The legibility of many labels has been 
increased by the use of larger type, a change made possible by 
omitting unimportant facts. 

Extensive revision was also made of the numerous large 
explanatory labels which have always been an important feature 
of the exhibits in Skiff Hall. Great advances in the knowledge of 
ore deposits, and many changes in the mineral industry, had made 
many of these labels obsolete and additions to their number desirable. 
Accordingly, the texts of the former labels were completely rewritten 
and such new ones as were necessary were prepared. Copy for 103 
large descriptive labels was newly prepared. Some required little 
or no change, but the preparation of many of them involved much 
research in periodical literature and texts of recent date, in addition 
to the work of condensing the information into a suitable form. The 
new information was so important in some instances that forty of 
the old labels were discarded and temporary typewritten labels 
substituted. Specially drawn maps, showing the locations from 
which many of the specimens were obtained, have been introduced 
into the cases wherever they seemed desirable. Twenty-seven of 
these were made and installed during the year. 

The part of Skiff Hall reinstalled this year contains exhibits of 
which the following is a brief summary: 

One case of tin, nickel, and cobalt ores: In these the number 
of South American and African tin ores has been materially increased. 
A series of specimens in the base of the case also illustrates the more 
important uses of these metals and their compounds. 

One case of ores of the rare elements and minor metals: This 
includes ores of beryllium, bismuth, cadmium, cerium, columbium, 
molybdenum, radium, selenium, tantalum, tellurium, thorium, 
titanium, uranium, vanadium and zirconium. In the lower part 

350 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

of the case ores of arsenic and antimony are shown. Fourteen of 
the elements are shown in metallic or elemental form. Some uses 
of these ores are illustrated also. 

One case of which foreign zinc ores occupy two-thirds of the 
space and a collection of ores of aluminum the remainder: Although 
the dull aspect of the aluminum ores and their close resemblance to 
each other give this collection a somewhat monotonous appearance, 
it was decided that the importance of the metal made a more prom- 
inent display imperative. After some study it was found possible to 
prepare a revised and enlarged collection in which the monotonous 
aspect is largely overcome. In the new exhibit some little-used 
ores, such as leucite from which aluminum is obtained in Italy, 
and some of the alums native to South America, especially alunogens 
collected by the Marshall Field Expeditions, are included. As the 
smelting of aluminum from clay is frequently suggested, a clay 
rich in this metal is shown, with an explanation of the reasons why 
use of clay as an ore of aluminum has not as yet been profitable. 

One case of zinc ores of the United States: This includes more 
of the ores of the Rocky Mountain region and the far west than 
formerly — a change which comports with the present increased 
importance of the ores of these regions. This case also contains a 
synoptic collection of zinc-bearing minerals preceding the geo- 
graphically arranged collection. Formerly this synoptic collection 
consisted of a single typical specimen of each zinc-containing mineral 
of economic importance, and a group of substances such as metallic 
zinc, sulphur, silica and water assembled in glass tubes to show 
the quantity of each present in each mineral. As these minerals 
occur in a number of forms differing in color, texture and other 
features, it was believed better to replace the old synoptic collection 
by an enlarged one which shows specimens of each of these varieties. 

Two cases of copper ores: Additions of South American and 
African ores have been made to these. 

The gold, silver and lead ore exhibits: One case now contains 
specimens from a number of the celebrated bonanza silver mines of 
Chile, obtained by the Marshall Field Brazilian Expedition. These 
bonanza mines have been worked out and are for the most part 
inaccessible on account of caved-in workings, so that the Museum 
is fortunate, because of the historic importance of these ores, to be 
able to display examples of them. One- third of one case is occupied 
by a model of a gold stamp mill. The rest of the case contains gold 
and silver ores from California and Arizona. One-third of another 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 351 

case contains a model of a gold mine. Most of the rest of the case 
contains Colorado gold ores. Two shelves of the case hold placer 
gold ores which were formerly scattered through the collections. 
All the placer gold specimens except those from Alaska are now 

Ores from two celebrated mining regions, Leadville, Colorado, 
and the Comstock Lode of Nevada, occupy another case. Still 
another case is devoted to lead ores from the central and eastern 
parts of the United States. Half of this case is filled with special 
collections. These include specimens: (a) of all minerals which 
contain gold; (b) of minerals which contain silver; and (c) of minerals 
which contain lead. Another collection illustrates "fools' gold" and 
consists of those minerals which have frequently been mistaken for 
gold, with examples of real gold for comparison. In this case is also 
illustrated the panning of gold, the exhibit consisting of a laboratory- 
size gold pan or batea and examples of crude gold ore, with separated 
gold and waste in the pan with the gold. 

Gold, silver, and lead ores from Washington, Oregon, Idaho, 
Georgia and the Carolinas occupy another case. There are also 
exhibited here two drill cores of unusual length, showing how speci- 
mens of rock from far below the surface can be obtained by drilling. 
The ores of Montana, Dakota, and Utah fill half of another case. 
The other half contains gold, silver and lead ores of Canada and 
includes many specimens from the rich mines of Cobalt and other 
districts of northern Ontario. 

Altogether, six table cases have been reinstalled. Two of these 
contain miscellaneous examples of gold and silver ores in specimens 
of large size. Another case contains a collection showing the inter- 
mediate and final stages of a complex method of separating silver 
from lead, as practised in a large German refinery. The specimens 
are so arranged and correlated by lines drawn on the floor of the 
case that the process can readily be followed. 

Another case contains illustrations of the methods of saving 
gold and silver wastes as practised in a large jewelry shop. A large 
collection of alloys of gold and silver with other metals occupies a 
fifth case. The sixth table case contains two models illustrating 
metallurgical processes. One is a simple type of cyanide mill for 
extracting gold from its ore. As the modem cyanide mill is so 
elaborate and its processes so complex that the casual visitor would 
find it hard to understand them from inspection of a model of a 
modern mill, the model represents a type of primitive mill now 

352 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

obsolete which is so simple that the fundamental features of this 
important process can be readily and quickly grasped. The other 
model in this case represents a blast furnace for smelting lead ores. 
It is accompanied by specimens of everything that goes into and 
comes out of such a furnace. 

To Ernest R. Graham Hall (Hall 38) two exhibition cases have 
been added, and twelve cases have been rearranged either as to 
position or contents, or both. Of the additions, the most important 
is that of a habitat group containing mounted skeletons of the rare 
South American ground sloth of Pliocene time, Pronothrotherium, 
and a contemporary glyptodont, Sclerocalyptus. These are shown 
against a background illustrating, partly in bas-relief, a typical 
environment of each. The specimen of Pronothrotherium is of special 
interest because it is the first nearly complete skeleton of this genus 
so far discovered. This sloth was comparable in size to a grizzly 
bear, and was closely related to the Pleistocene sloth, Nothrotherium, 
found in North America. The skeleton is mounted in an upright 
position, suggesting the attitude of the animal while feeding upon 
the foliage of a tree. That of the glyptodont is represented in a 
habitat of low vegetation. Both specimens were collected by the 
Marshall Field Paleontological Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia 

In addition to the Pronothrotherium, specimens of the Miocene 
sloths, HapalopSf Pelecyodon, Nematherium, Planops, and Analci- 
morphus were placed upon exhibition. A skull of the giant sloth, 
Lestodon, from the Pleistocene formations of Bolivia, has been 
added to the large series of skulls of members of this extinct group 
of ground sloths. This series is now one of the most extensive to 
be seen in any museum. 

Among specimens representing other South American fossil 
mammals placed on exhibition during the year, selected from material 
collected by the Marshall Field Expeditions, are: skulls of the small 
pseudo-camel, Cramau^henia; of the large rodent-like Eutrachytherus; 
of the primitive hoofed animals, Rhynchippus and Leontinia; of 
the Pliocene pseudo-camels, Promacrauchenia and Scalibrinitherium; 
of the great raccoon, Amphinassa; of the large, rodent-like Tachy- 
typotherium; of the large armored mammal, Panochthus; and of the 
strange, horse-like Hippidion. 

Specimens of North American fossil mammals added to the 
exhibits during the year included skulls of a small, primitive dog, 
Cynodidis, and of the strange, horned gopher, Ceratogaulus, both 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 353 

of the Miocene period, and a skull of the large fossil peccary, Platy- 
gonus, from a Pleistocene bone-cave of the Cumberland Mountains, 
Maryland. In all, specimens of fifteen genera of South American 
fossil mammals and three genera of North American fossil mammals, 
none of which were previously exhibited, have been added. 

The large stump of a fossil tree of Devonian age in Graham Hall 
was provided with a case made in the Department in order to prevent 
injury from handling by visitors. 

Some minor additions were made to the exhibits of invertebrate 
fossils in the hall, these including some of the fossil worm, Lecthaylm. 

In the paleontological laboratory, although the quantity of work 
accomplished has suffered somewhat from reduction of the number 
of persons employed, activity has steadily continued and a large 
amount has been achieved. Attention has been paid chiefly to prep- 
aration of the large and valuable collections of South American fossil 
mammals gathered by the Marshall Field Expeditions (1922-27). 
This work included preparation of specimens not only for exhibition 
and mounting, but also of rare but fragmentary specimens for study 
and description. The principal specimens prepared for exhibition 
were skulls of Cramauchenia, Eutrachytherus, Rhynchippus, Leontinia, 
Promacrauchenia, Scalihrinitherium, Amphinassa, Tachytypotherium, 
Panochthus, and Hippidion; and mounted skeletons of Pronothro- 
therium and Sclerocalyptus. All of these have been installed in 
Graham Hall, as previously mentioned. 

The laboratory equipment was increased by adding a metal- 
working bench with tool cabinet, a plaster bin, and a cabinet table 
fitted with a metal-lined cupboard containing five drawers. This 
equipment was all designed and constructed in the Department. 
The stored specimens in Room 101 were rearranged and all material 
no longer of value was removed. 

In the chemical laboratory, tests were made, as needed, to 
determine the composition of specimens submitted for Museum 
purposes and by visitors. These included qualitative analyses of 
several specimens of iron submitted as being of possible meteoric 
origin, and a partial analysis of a rare mineral obtained in Brazil 
by Dr. Dahlgren of the Department of Botany. For the Department 
of Anthropology the composition of a llama figurine was determined. 
Analyses were made of seventeen varieties of paper in order to 
determine their suitability for use by the Divisions of Printing and 
Photogravure. These analyses included determinations of the com- 
position of the papers and tests of the rate of their discoloration by age. 

354 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

The composition of a coating on the tubes of the Museum boilers 
was determined in order that methods of removing it and preventing 
its further deposition might be devised. All of the above determina- 
tions were made by Associate Curator Nichols. He checked also 
by measurement with a planimeter the flow meter charts, which 
record the quantity of steam in the Museum boilers. The still 
which provides distilled water for the lecture hall and for the 
Divisions of Photography and Photogravure having developed 
leaks and accumulated scale, necessary repairs were made to it. 
This was done without interrupting the supply of distilled water. 
For the ventilator over the principal work bench and over the 
motor which furnishes the draft for the chemical hood, dampers 
were made and installed to control the ventilation. All the metal 
piping of the hood and work desks was thoroughly cleaned of rust, 
and coated with non-oxidizing paint. 


expeditions and research 

Three zoological expeditions were in the field during the year, 
all of them continued from 1931 and all of them brought to con- 
clusion in 1932. These were the Marshall Field Zoological Expedi- 
tion to China, the Mandel-Field Museum Zoological Expedition to 
Venezuela, and the Delacour Indo-Chinese Expedition. 

The Marshall Field Zoological Expedition to China, under the 
leadership of Mr. Floyd T. Smith, of New York, had begun its 
work in 1930, and continued practically until the end of 1932, when 
it was terminated after more than two years of uninterrupted opera- 
tion in central and western China. This expedition, as noted in 
previous Reports, depended largely upon the training and organiza- 
tion of Chinese collectors, Mr. Smith being the only white man 
connected with it. In January, 1932, collectors were working in 
several camps, one on the Lolo border southwest of Kiating, one 
in the mountains above Chengtu, and one south of Chungking, 
while individuals were working out from Kiating and Suifu. In 
February, leaving these operations under way, Mr. Smith returned 
to Shanghai carrying some 1,700 specimens for shipment. Although 
this was about the time of the bombardment of Shanghai, the 
disturbed conditions did not prevent the dispatch of these specimens 
to America and the purchase of new equipment necessary for con- 
tinuation of field work. Much assistance was received from Dr. 
Tsai Yuan Pei, President of the Academia Sinica, and Dr. T. H. 


Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 355 

Chien, Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Natural History 
of Nanking. As a slight acknowledgment of their courtesies, selected 
duplicate specimens from the first shipment of the year were returned 
after examination and identification to the Metropolitan Museum 
for permanent preservation in China. 

Returning up the Yangtze River in March, Mr. Smith reorganized 
the Chinese collectors by transferring a number of them to the region 
south of Fuchow (on the Yangtze) near the border of the province 
of Kweichow. In August most of the parties disbanded and Mr. 
Smith proceeded to Shanghai with all specimens collected to date, 
leaving several men at work on details until the end of the year. 
The final shipment from Shanghai went forward October 28 and 
Mr. Smith sailed for America a few days later. The collections 
shipped during 1932 total 6,868 specimens and cover all branches 
of vertebrate zoolog>^ Among the larger mammals may be men- 
tioned a giant panda, this being the third well-prepared specimen 
to reach Field Museum. There is also a series of seven Chinese 
takin, which furnishes material for a large habitat group. All the 
better-known animals of central China are well represented, and 
many rarities are included. Careful study of the many large series 
will no doubt reveal a number of novelties as well as much informa- 
tion of value. 

The Mandel-Field Museum Zoological Expedition to Venezuela 
may be regarded as wholly an expedition of the year 1932, for, 
although organized in 1931, it did not sail until December 29 of 
that year and all of its accomplishments were made in 1932. The 
expedition set out on the yacht Buccaneer with a personnel consisting 
of Mr. Leon Mandel II, leader, Mr. Fred L. Mandel, Jr., Mr. Emmet 
R. Blake, ornithologist, representing Field Museum, Mr. Jack 
Bamett, photographer. Dr. Robert Dwyer, physician, and Captain 
Hiorth, master. 

During the passage across the Caribbean, the yacht called at 
Havana, Cuba; Port de Paix, Haiti; Martinique; and Port of Spain, 
Trinidad. At the last-named port final arrangements for the ship 
to proceed up the Orinoco River to Cuidad Bolivar were made 
through the courtesy of the American and the Venezuelan consuls. 
Several overnight collecting stations were established in the delta 
region, and specimens were secured. After several weeks in this 
area, the yacht Buccaneer and the Messrs. Mandel returned to 
the United States, leaving Mr. Blake to continue the scientific work 
of the expedition. His objective was Mount Turumiquiri, north- 

356 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

easternmost outpost of the Andean chain and of great importance 
from a faunistic point of view. During two months collections 
were made in the tropical and subtropical zones on the slopes of the 
mountain. Representative series were obtained of all the endem.ic 
birds and small selections of mammals and reptiles. Mr. Blake's 
single-handed achievement of collecting and skillfully preparing more 
than 800 birdskins in five weeks in the mountain rain forests is 
an enviable record. A report on this collection is now in course 
of preparation. 

The Delacour Indo-Chinese Expedition, which sailed from 
Marseilles in November, 1931, had planned to continue until May, 
1932, but owing to illness in the party its active work was terminated 
about the first of February. In the months of December and 
January, however, very effective collecting was carried on, mainly 
about the Boloven Plateau in southern Laos. The work was per- 
sonally directed by Mr. Jean Delacour, who was accompanied by 
Count G. de Germiny. The collection obtained numbers 2,008 
birds and 219 mammals and includes the types of eight new birds 
and one new mammal. It forms a valuable extension of the collec- 
tions previously received by Field Museum from the Indo-Chinese 

A privately conducted expedition to Africa and India was carried 
out during the year by Messrs. John McLaren Simpson and 
A. Watson Armour III, accompanied for part of the time by 
Mr. James Simpson. This expedition obtained a large variety of 
game animals of which selected specimens were presented to the 

Members of the Department staff conducted much research work 
during the year. 

Six publications were issued in the Museum's Zoological Series, 
as follows: The Birds of Chile, a volume of 472 pages by Dr. Charles 
E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator of Birds; Reptiles and Ainphibians 
of the M and el Venezuelan Expedition, by Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, 
Assistant Curator of Reptiles; Notes on New Guinean Crocodiles, 
and Reptiles and Amphihians from the Solomon Islands, both also 
by Mr. Schmidt, and containing reports on collections made by 
the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum (1928-29); 
Mammals of the Kelley-Roosevelts and Delacour Asiatic Expeditions, 
by Dr. Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator of the Department of Zoology; 
and Birds of Western China Obtained by the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedi- 
tion, by Mr. Outram Bangs, who until his recent and lamented death 




















Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 357 

in September, 1932, was the curator of birds at the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

In his studies of some 3,000 specimens collected by the William 
V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia for Field Museum, 
and the Delacour Expedition to French Indo-China, Dr. Wilfred H. 
Osgood, Curator of Zoology, found nineteen hitherto unknown 
species or sub-species of mammals. One of the most important is 
a muntjak or tropical deer which Dr. Osgood has named Muntiacus 
rooseveltorum in honor of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. 
Kermit Roosevelt, leaders of the expedition which obtained it. 
Another of the more important new animals is a handsome black 
and white monkey with a long bushy tail which was named 
"Delacour's langur" in honor of Mr. Jean Delacour, noted French 
zoologist who conducted the other expedition. 

Members of the zoological staff contributed eleven signed articles 
to Field Museum News, and furnished information for some thirty 
other items. 

Manuscript has been completed by Dr. Hellmayr for Part VII 
of the Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, and Part VIII is well 
under way. A report by Dr. A. W. Herre, of Stanford University, 
on the fishes obtained by the Crane Pacific Expedition also is in 
hand, as well as two shorter papers describing new fishes, one by 
Dr. Herre, and one by Mr. Alfred C. Weed, Assistant Curator of 
Fishes at Field Museum. Curator Osgood has in preparation a 
study of Chilean mammals. Mr. Rudyerd Boulton, Assistant Curator 
of Birds, redetermined the identification of many specimens in the 
Museum and is engaged in revisionary studies of certain genera of 
African birds. Assistant Curator Schmidt has completed the manu- 
script for a leaflet on The Turtles of the Chicago Area. By the same 
author a report has been prepared on reptiles and amphibians of 
the Canal Zone, based on material collected in cooperation with 
the Smithsonian Institution. Only preliminary work has been 
possible thus far in most cases on the large collections received from 
recent expeditions and much material remains to be studied. 

Under a fellowship award from the John Simon Guggenheim 
Memorial Foundation, New York, Assistant Curator Schmidt spent 
the latter half of 1932 in Europe engaged in a special study of Central 
American reptiles and amphibians. This involved the examination 
of numerous type or other specimens of historic importance in the 
principal museums of London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Frankfort, 
Basel, and Munich. 

358 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

ACCESSIONS — zoology 

Zoological specimens were accessioned to a total of 20,640, the 
largest number in the history of the institution. The average 
annual number for the eight years from 1925 to 1932, is 13,977. 
Those of 1932 classify as follows: mammals, 4,845; birds, 6,238; 
reptiles and amphibians, 3,044; fishes, 1,008; insects, 2,390; lower 
invertebrates, 3,115. The number obtained by Museum expedi- 
tions is 15,523; by gift, 4,185; by purchase, 89; and by exchange, 843. 
The large accessions from expeditions were mainly from three 
sources: the Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition, from which there 
were delayed shipments including material actually collected two 
years ago; the Marshall Field Zoological Expedition to China, 
which remained at work until November, 1932; and the Mandel- 
Field Museum Zoological Expedition to Venezuela. 

Numerous donors contributed a total of 4,181 specimens to the 
collections. Acknowledgment of these is to be found in the detailed 
List of Accessions (p. 380), but a few may be especially mentioned. 
An important gift from the University of Chicago was that of 
twelve birds in alcohol, thirty-seven fishes, and 370 reptiles and 
amphibians, including cotypes of eight species of lizards from the 
Galapagos Islands. A number of large mammals from Africa and 
India, including markhor, topi, and wildebeest were presented by 
Messrs. James Simpson, John McLaren Simpson, and A. Watson 
Armour III, of Chicago. Mr. Herbert Lang, of Pretoria, South 
Africa, presented one hundred mammals and sixty-three frogs and 
lizards from South Africa, supplementing the collections of the 
Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition. 

A bison bull of exceptional quality was received from Mr. Wallis 
Huidekoper, of Twodot, Montana. Preparation of this unusually 
large specimen has been begun, and it is planned to place it on 
exhibition in the near future in the collection of homed and hoofed 
mammals in George M. Pullman Hall (Hall 13). 

A collection of 999 Philippine shells, carefully preserved, was 
presented by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Governor-General of 
the Philippines. Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, of New York, gave 540 
insects from Burma and Tibet, collected by Captain F. Kingdon 
Ward and party. Further collections of insects, mainly butterflies, 
to a total of more than four hundred, came from the Misses Nellie 
V. and Rachel W. Hajmie, of Oak Park, Illinois. Mrs. H. A. 
Hoisington, of Olama, Cameroon, gave twenty selected specimens 
of the huge Goliath beetle from Africa. Gifts of reptiles and 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 359 

amphibians included nineteen of American species from Dr. Charles 
E. Burt, of Winfield, Kansas; forty-nine Arabian specimens from 
Mr. Henry Field, of the Department of Anthropology; and 133 
West Indian forms from Dr. Stuart T. Danforth, of Mayaguez, 
Puerto Rico. 

cataloguing, inventorying, and labeling — ZOOLOGY 

Zoological specimens to a total of 10,742 were numbered and 
entered during 1932 in the departmental catalogues, which now 
occupy fifty volumes, and contain a total of 177,116 entries. Of 
the entries for the past year, 3,444 are mammals, 2,131 birds, 1,008 
reptiles and amphibians, and 4,087 fishes. A total of 1,180 skulls 
of mammals were numbered, and the card index of the mammal 
collection received 2,816 entries on 680 new cards. All uncatalogued 
birds, numbering nearly 12,000, have been checked and arranged 
by collection or source in systematic sequence for future cataloguing. 
The total number of cards written for the Department as a whole 
is now 43,783, of which 1,680 were added in 1932. Assistance 
was received, especially in cataloguing, from two volunteers, Mr. 
E. 0. Mellinger, of North Lima, Ohio, who worked eight weeks 
in the Division of Birds, and Mr. Alfred C. Weed, Jr., of Chicago, 
who worked nine weeks in the Division of Fishes. 

The reference collection of mammals was rearranged to conform 
to plans for future expansion and to permit the storage of the large 
accessions of the year without confusion of related groups. The 
reception and temporary care of the accessions consumed much 

In the Division of Birds a thorough and extensive reorganization 
of the reference collection was made, entailing the handling and 
rehandling of more than 30,000 specimens. To care for accessions, 
which exceeded those of any previous year, many old-style containers 
were again brought into service but in such a way that their future 
retirement can take place without disturbing an orderly arrangement. 
Type specimens of birds, numbering some three hundred, were 
segregated and placed in a case where they can receive the special 
care to which they are entitled. The Museum's collection of birds' 
eggs was unpacked and made accessible. The specimens of birds 
in alcohol were brought together and arranged on suitable shelves 
in Room 99. The collection of bird skeletons was renovated, 
catalogued, and augmented. Although containing only 289 speci- 
mens, this collection now includes skeletons representing seventy- 
five families, 168 genera, and 207 species of birds. 

360 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Work on arrangement of the collection of fishes was continued 
and a great many specimens which have been unavailable for 
some years were brought from closed storage and placed in proper 
position on shelves. In the Division of Insects new acquisitions 
occupied much time and about one-half of them were pinned, pin- 
labeled, and distributed to their respective places. Rearrangement 
of North American grasshoppers in twenty-five new drawers was 
completed, and similar arrangement of North American beetles was 
continued. Systematic arrangement of the osteological collections 
received especial and much needed attention. Bird skeletons, as 
stated elsewhere, were completely rearranged, and progress was 
made on other skeletons, including card-indexing, labeling, and 
assignment to permanent storage positions. Experiments were 
conducted in utilizing the assistance of dermestids for cleaning 
skeletons. An insulated metal box, provided with removable trays 
and electrically heated, was constructed, in which thirty-five skeletons 
were thoroughly and successfully cleaned by dermestids. 

installations and rearrangements — zoology 

In the production of new exhibits, the results of the year were 
exceptional, probably surpassing those of any recent similar period. 
Four large habitat groups of mammals were completed, including 
one of unusual size containing twenty-three mammals and a few 
birds. The Bahaman undersea group, another very large under- 
taking, also was brought to final stages although not yet placed on 
exhibition. Much progress was made in the systematic halls, two 
cases of mammals and three of birds being installed. Many additions 
were made to exhibits of reptiles, amphibians, fishes, and skeletons. 

First to be finished of the large mammal groups was one of the 
Indian water buffalo prepared from specimens obtained by Colonel 
Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. C. Suydam Cutting during the William 
V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia for Field Museum, 
(1928-29). Two large buffalo are shown on a river bank with tropical 
swamps stretching beyond. Partly hidden in tall grass at the edge 
of the group are three of the small hog deer which frequently associate 
with the buffalo. Several white "cow herons" also appear and com- 
plete a picture of life in southern Asia. The group, which is in 
William V. Kelley Hall (Hall 17), is the work of Taxidermist Julius 
Friesser. The background is by Staff Artist Charles A. Corwin. 

A group of Alaskan caribou or American reindeer was finished, 
being the twenty-fourth and last of the groups planned for the Hall 
















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Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 361 

of American Mammal Habitat Groups (Hall 16), thus bringing this 
hall to completion. The caribou were obtained indirectly through 
assistance from the Thome-Graves-Field Museum Arctic Expedi- 
tion (1929) to which the Museum is also indebted for its group of 
Pacific walrus. Following the suggestion of the sponsors and leaders 
of this expedition, Mr. Bruce Thome, of Chicago, and Mr. George 
Coe Graves U, of New York, arrangements were made to have 
the specimens collected by the Alaska Guides, Inc., of which Mr. 
Thome is a vice-president, under permit from the United States 
Biological Survey and the Alaska Game Commission. Five animals 
appear in the group, standing rather close together, in keeping with 
their well-known gregarious habits, on a moss-grown ledge, over- 
looking a wide panorama of treeless mountain tops. The caribou 
are of the variety known as Stone's caribou, and the scene in which 
they appear is one characteristic of the mountains of the interior 
of Alaska. The taxidermy is by Mr. Friesser and the painted back- 
ground by Mr. Corwin. 

Most important of the groups completed during the year is the 
one known as the "African Water-hole." This is the largest animal 
group in the Museum and one of the largest groups in the world. It 
occupies the entire south end of Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall 
(Hall 22), and contains twenty-three game animals, mostly of large 
size, shown as they would appear gathered at a drinking place in 
southem Abyssinia. Included are five giraffes, a black rhinoceros 
and its young, several zebras, elands, an oryx, and a small herd of 
Grant's gazelle. The setting is enhanced by reproductions of a 
large wild fig tree and several tall, spirelike nests of termites or 
"white ants." The Museum owes the water-hole group to the 
Harold A. White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of 1929, which 
was devoted almost exclusively to securing the material and studies 
necessary for it. This expedition was financed and led jointly by 
Captain Harold A. White, of New York, and the late Major John 
Coats, of Ayrshire, Scotland. George G. Carey, Jr., of Baltimore, 
was another member of the expedition. Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht, 
who prepared the group, also accompanied the expedition and thus 
was able to apply direct personal experience to planning and execu- 
tion of details. The background, extending over an arc forty-five 
feet wide, was painted by Mr. Corwin. 

A further important addition to Akeley Hall is that of an excep- 
tionally fine specimen of the giant sable antelope, presented by Mr. 
Arthur S. Vernay, of New York and London, sponsor and leader of 

362 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

the Vemay-Lang Kalahari Expedition in 1930. This specimen, 
although unaccompanied by others, is of such striking character 
that it was assigned to space among the groups in Akeley Hall 
where it makes a handsome appearance. It was mounted by Taxi- 
dermist Albrecht. 

Another very large undertaking brought to conclusion is the 
Bahaman undersea group. This rivals the water-hole group in 
size, and like it has a large central view-glass and two lateral ones. 
It occupies the west end of Hall 0, where general construction is 
incomplete, and for this reason the group, although finished and 
glazed, is not yet on public view. It contains the principal results 
of the Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the 
Bahamas (1929). A section of sea-bottom is shown with a wealth 
of corals and other fantastic forms of life among which numerous 
fishes appear. Three large tiger sharks are in central position, one 
of them attacking a stingray, while smaller fishes are seen scurrying 
away or cautiously emerging from hiding places in the expectation 
of getting any fragments that may result from the fray. A large 
school of amberjacks is seen in the background, and at the sides 
in the paneled wings are typical assemblages of the brilliant fishes 
of the reefs. The group was prepared by Taxidermist Leon L. 
Pray, who made studies of the subjects represented while a member 
of the Bahaman expedition. The background is by Messrs. C. A. 
Corwin and Walter A. Weber. 

Much progress was made in expanding and improving the 
systematic exhibits. In Hall 15 two new cases were installed covering 
sjrnoptically two important families of mammals. The first shows 
the so-called fur-bearing mammals, including sables, mink, weasels, 
skunks, otters, badgers and their allies of both the Old and the 
New Worlds. The second is devoted to the viverrine mammals, 
including the civets and mongooses, all of which are natives of 
Asia and Africa. These cases were prepared by Taxidermist Arthur 
G. Rueckert. 

In Hall 21, devoted to systematic ornithology, three new cases 
were added, two to the foreign series and one to the North American. 
First of these was a case covering the parrots of the world in which 
all families and subfamilies of this group of birds are represented. 
Next was a case of struthious birds, or ostriches and their allies, 
in which nine specimens serve to represent the principal types of 
these birds. The specimens were prepared or reinstalled by Assistant 
Taxidermist John W. Moyer. In the North American series, a case 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 363 

of large water birds was added, including loons, grebes, petrels, 
albatrosses, cormorants, and pelicans, mounted by Taxidermist 
Ashley Hine. 

Into Hall 21 was introduced a new method of labeling individual 
specimens in the systematic collection of birds, designed to give 
concisely more information about each species than on the labels 
formerly used. Thus far two cases, those containing the new 
exhibits of ostriches and of parrots, were equipped with these labels. 
Each label contains a map indicating the geographic distribution 
of the bird to which it refers, and a paragraph giving briefly the 
most salient facts known about the bird. It is hoped in due course 
of time to extend the use of this type of label to all exhibits in the hall. 

A similar innovation was made in Hall 19, devoted to skeletons. 
In several cases containing reinstalled exhibits of skeletons, individual 
labels were placed with each specimen, giving the principal facts 
about the species. On these labels there appear also sketches by 
Taxidermist L. L. Pray showing the animals as they appear in life. 

An American alligator, reproduced in cellulose-acetate, was 
installed in Albert W. Harris Hall (Hall 18) in a setting including 
a nest and partly concealed eggs of this well-known reptile. The 
material for this exhibit was collected near Thomasville, Georgia, 
by Mr. Herbert L. Stoddard, naturalist and former member of the 
Museum staff, and Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, who prepared the 
exhibit. To the same hall there were added thirty-six lifelike 
reproductions of smaller reptiles and amphibians, eight salamanders, 
one toad, fifteen lizards, and twelve snakes, also prepared by Mr. 
Walters. A large number of fishes was prepared for exhibition, but 
actual installation was confined to a few specimens needed for the 
improvement of screens already in place. Most important of these 
were a bonefish and a "permit," from Florida, presented by Colonel 
Lewis S. Thompson, of Red Bank, New Jersey, and a green moray 
received from Captain Fred G. Saeger, of Miami, Florida. A fine 
specimen of the red grouper was also installed. Taxidermist Pray 
prepared the new fish exhibits. 

Osteological exhibits in Hall 19, for which improved cases became 
available during the year, were subjected to thorough reorganization, 
which proceeded to an advanced stage. Fourteen cases were rein- 
stalled in systematic order after many skeletons had been remounted, 
others eliminated as duplicates, and still others newly mounted 
to fill gaps in the series. This work was done by Assistant Curator 
Edmond N. Gueret, and his assistant, Mr. Dwight Davis. 

364 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 


The traveling exhibition cases circulated among the schools of 
Chicago and certain other local institutions by the Department of the 
N. W. Harris Public School Extension reached as many, and prob- 
ably more, children during 1932 than in any previous year, despite 
the fact that, due to various causes, the number of schools served 
declined slightly. 

At the beginning of the year 360 public schools were open and 
receiving loans of cases from the Department. At the close of the 
year the number of schools open and functioning had been reduced 
to 355. Nevertheless, the total enrollment in the schools that were 
open remained at approximately half a million pupils. In addition, 
thousands of other children were reached by deliveries of cases, 
made on the same bi-weekly schedule as among the public schools, 
to fourteen parochial and private schools, including the University 
High School of the University of Chicago. Cases were loaned 
regularly also to twenty-one other centers including branches of 
the Y.M.C.A., branches of the Chicago Public Library, Boys' 
Union League Clubs, and social settlements. 

In continuance of the Museum's policy of extending its educa- 
tional work to the greatest practicable degree, various requests for 
special exhibits of Harris Extension cases were granted. Twenty- 
four cases of birds and other zoological subjects were exhibited in 
the book department of Marshall Field and Company. Fifteen 
cases were exhibited in a booth especially provided for the purpose 
at the International Live Stock Exposition in the Union Stock Yards. 
Twelve cases containing reproductions of native wild flowers were 
shown in the booth of the Wild Flower Preservation Society at the 
Flower Show held in the Merchandise Mart. Twelve cases were 
sent to Camp Algonquin, maintained by the United Charities of 
Chicago. In addition to those regularly supplied, many requests 
from schools for loans of cases for use in connection with current 
instruction, were granted. The Department's two specially con- 
structed trucks traveled more than 11,000 miles in delivering and 
collecting cases during the year. To the 390 schools and other 
institutions receiving cases on regular schedule, two new exhibits 
were furnished every two weeks during the school year. 

Forty-three new cases were prepared, and in addition thirty-two 
others were completely reinstalled, much time being given to col- 
lecting and preparing the specimens and other materials needed for 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 365 

these, and for taking photographs from which painted backgrounds 
for the cases were made. Although a number of cases were lost due 
to breakage and vandalism, and to fires in two schools, and while 
others were withdrawn from circulation for reinstallation, or for other 
reasons, there remained 1,175 cases available for lending. Duplicate 
cases are made of popular subjects, and the total number of separate 
subjects illustrated in these 1,175 cases is 389, of which 276 are 
zoological, eighty-one botanical, and thirty-two geological. 

Much time is required to keep the cases in proper condition, as 
a natural consequence of their frequent transfer from place to place, 
and their unavoidable exposure to various conditions. All the cases 
were cleaned and polished during 1932, and 245 were repaired. 
All were equipped with steel springs to retain the sliding frames 
for labels in position, and a start was made on reinforcing the corners 
of the case label frames, 105 cases receiving this improvement. 

New or revised copy was written for case labels treating of 176 
subjects, as a preliminary to installing buff-colored label cards in 
place of the old black ones. In 228 cases installation of the new 
labels was completed. 

As in previous years, hundreds of letters were received from 
principals, teachers, and pupils expressing their appreciation of the 
Harris Extension exhibits, and emphasizing the fact that the service 
of this Department has proved of inestimable benefit as a supple- 
ment to the regular classroom studies. 




The James Nelson and Anna Louise Rajrmond Foundation has 
continued to provide lectures and entertainment programs for 
children at the Museum and outside in the schools. By means of 
guide-lecture tours, radio talks and publications it has brought 
many new friends to the Museum. 

entertainments for children 

Three series of entertainments were offered during the year. 
As in preceding years, the spring and autumn courses were given 
on Saturday mornings in the James Simpson Theatre, and the 
summer series, offered on Thursday mornings during the months 

366 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

of July and August, was given in the exhibition halls and the Theatre. 
Following are the programs of the various series: 

, Spring Course 

P February 27— Scenes from the film, "The Vanishing American." 

\i March 5— Haunts of the Golden Eagle. 

^ ,' March 12 — Glimpses of Mexico; The Battle of the Ants; Builders of an Empire. 

March 19 — Rhinos and Bustards; Story of Vincennes.* 

~\V^ March 26 — Switzerland in Summer; Switzerland in Winter; In Batik Land; 

\ The Cougar Hunt. 

April 2 — A Chicago Boy Goes to Greenland with Captain MacMillan. 

(With lecture by Mr. Joseph N. Field.) 

April 9 — A Trip to the Tropics; Sanctuary; Canoe Trails to Mooseland. 

April 16 — Your Chicago; Java, the Garden of the East; Marauders of the Sea. 

April 23 — Bird Neighbors; The White Owl; The Cuckoo's Secret; Friend 

April 30 — Builders of Dams; Beauties of Desert Places; Our Spring Flowers; 
Lovely Butterflies. 

Autumn Course 

October 1 — In Lovely Japan; Japanese Rice Fields; Silken Cities of Japan; 
An English River. 

October 8 — Columbus Discovers Land;* Boro-Bodor and the Bromo. 

October 15 — Dangers of Sea Diving; Glimpses of Chinese Life; Chinese Chil- 
dren; Dogs as Actors. 

October 22 — From Red Ore to Steamship; Nature's Children. 

October 29 — On Wild Life Trails; Daniel Boone Goes West;* Have a Peanut! 

November 5 — The Settlement of Jamestown;* Mining of Soft Coal. 

November 12 — The Romance of the Reaper. 

November 19 — F^om Limestone to Sidewalk; The Birth of a Chick; Three Scouts 
on the Moonbeam Trail. 

November 26 — Giants of the Grass Family; Down Cape Cod; The Pilgrims.* 

December 3 — Around the Year in the Big Woods; Thrills and Spills; Mysteries 
of Snow; Skiing in Cloudland; A Boy's Christmas Gifts. 

* Gift to the Museum from the late Mr. Chauncey Keep. 

The summer course was planned especially for the benefit of 
children who remained in the city during the vacation months. 
As in the past, the course consisted of special tours in the exhibition 
halls, and story-hours and motion pictures in the James Simpson 
Theatre. The programs were as follows: 

July 7 — Motion Picture: Winners of the West. 

July 14 — Story-hour: Life in the South Seas; Tour: South Seas Exhibits. 

July 21 — Motion Picture: Adventures in the Far North. 

July 28 — Story-hour: Queer Birds of Other Lands; Tour: Bird Exhibits. 

August 4 — Motion Picture: Glimpses of South America; Tour: South American 

August 11 — Motion Picture: Animals at Play and Rest. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 367 

In addition to the two regular courses of entertainments and 
the summer series, two special programs were offered during February 
as follows: 

February 12 — Lincoln's Birthday Program: My Mother; My First Jury; My 
Native State. 

February 22 — Washington's Birthday Program: Gateway to the West;* York- 
town;* Washington Becomes President.* 

*Gift to the Museum from the late Mr. Chauncey Keep. 

In all, twenty-eight different programs were offered free to the 
children of the city and suburbs during the year, and the total 
attendance at the entertainments in the Theatre was 46,181. At 
the ten spring programs the attendance was 13,261, and at the ten 
autumn ones 18,579. At the two special programs the attendance 
was 7,905. During the summer course the total number of groups 
handled was twelve, and the attendance was 7,642, of which 6,436 
represents the Theatre attendance, and 1,206 the special tour 

The number of large groups from surrounding communities 
increased noticeably during the year. Settlements and community 
centers also have been more regular in sending groups. Parent- 
teacher associations and other civic organizations have taken special 
interest in distributing programs and chaperoning children to the 
Museum. As in the past, both newspapers and radio stations 
have given publicity to the programs whenever possible. The 
following have been most helpful in placing the programs before 
the public: Chicago Daily News and Radio Station WMAQ; the 
Chicago Tribune; Radio Station WCFL; the Chicago Evening Ameri- 
can; the Chicago Herald and Examiner; the Chicago Evening Post; 
and the Prairie Farmer and Radio Station WLS. 

An expression of appreciation for films loaned for the programs 
is due to the United States Department of Agriculture, the General 
Electric Company, the Department of the Interior of Canada, the 
International Harvester Company, the Chicago Academy of Sciences, 
the United Fruit Company, and the Commonwealth Edison Company. 

museum stories for children — RAYMOND FOUNDATION 

Two series of Museum Stories for Children were written bj?" 
members of the Raymond Foundation staff, and copies were handed 
to all attending the entertainments. There has been a decided 
increase in the demand for the stories by teachers and educational 
institutions wishing to use them as reference material. 

368 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

The following list shows the variety of topics to be found in 
Museum Stories for Children published in 1932: 

Series XVIII — Indian Houses; Life in a Prairie-Dog Town; Chocolate or Cacao; 
Bustards and Vultures; Deerslayer, the Mountain Lion; Greenland; The 
Mayas; The Potawatomi Indians; The European Cuckoo; Desert Life. 

Series XIX — The Land of the Rising Sun; Lodestone, the Compass Mineral; 
Childhood in China; Iron; Peanuts; From Plants to Coal; Story of Wheat; 
The Moon; The Whales; Winter Coats in Northern Lands. 

A total of 33,750 copies of Museum Stories for Children was 
distributed during the year. 


In spite of a reduction in the number of guide-lecturers, the 
class work in the exhibition halls has been carried forward. A 
greater number of classes from the early elementary grades has 
been handled. The attendance from high schools has fallen short 
of the record established in 1931, but appreciation of the newly 
arranged exhibits which aid in geological and zoological work has 
been freely expressed. The following table shows how the groups 
were distributed: 

^^^!^^a°^ Attendance 


Tours for children of Chicago schools 

Chicago public schools 172 6,815 

Chicago parochial schools 34 1,582 

Chicago private schools 13 222 

Tours for children of suburban schools 

Suburban public schools 160 5,871 

Suburban parochial schools 8 249 

Suburban private schools 13 219 

Tours for special groups 

Children's clubs 10 225 

Other organizations 36 2,285 

In all, 446 groups were given guide-lecture service and the 
attendance was 17,468. 


Extension lectures were offered to the schools, as in previous 
years. For high school classes and assemblies the following subjects 
were offered: 

Field Museum and Its Work; The Ancient Egyptians; The Romans: Their Arts 
and Customs; Prehistoric Life; Reptiles and Insects; Bird Life in the Chicago 
Area; Animal Life in the Chicago Area; Trees of the Chicago Area; Wild 
Flowers of the Chicago Area; Story of Iron and Steel. 

For presentation in the elementary schools the following series 

was offered: 

For Geography and History Groups 
South America; North American Indians; Glimpses of Chinese Life; Native Life 
in the Philippines; The Romans; The Egyptians; Migisi, the Indian Lad 

{for lower grades). 






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Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 369 

For Science Groups 
Field Museum and Its Work; Prehistoric Life (for upper grades); Insects and 
Reptiles (for upper grades); Coal and Iron; Coffee, Chocolate and Tea; A 
Trip to Banana Land; Food Fishes of the World; Birds of the Chicago Area; 
Animal Life of the Chicago Area; Trees of the Chicago Area; Wild Flowers 
of the Chicago Area; Animals at Home; Our Outdoor Friends (for lower grades). 

The following table gives the classification, numbers, and attend- 
ance of the groups reached by the extension lecturers: 

Number of a *4. j _ 

groups Attendance 

Chicago elementary schools 452 171,160 

Chicago high schools 28 8,935 

Chicago school clubs 4 127 

Parent-teacher associations 2 550 

Chicago colleges 2 900 

The total number of extension lectures presented by the staff 
of the Raymond Foundation was 488, and the total attendance at 
these lectures was 181,672. 

nature study course — RAYMOND FOUNDATION 

At the request of the Chicago Council of Boy Scouts of America 
the fourth series of talks on natural history topics was arranged for 
scoutmasters. The series consisted of three meetings. At each, a 
member of the Raymond Foundation staff presented a subject 
which would be of value to leaders of Boy Scout groups, and also 
assisted in the conference which followed the lecture. The subjects 
offered were: 

March 19 — Birds of the Chicago Area. 
April 2— Ecology of the Chicago Area. 
April 16 — Insects, Reptiles and Mammals. 

The total attendance at these lectures and conferences was 302. 


Radio broadcasts by the Raymond Foundation staff were given 
in connection with the school radio programs sponsored by Station 
WMAQ. During the year twenty-six talks were presented to grades 
ranging from the first to the fourth. The talks given correlated 
with the course of nature study being given in the elementary 

During the summer course of children's entertainments, broad- 
casting material was prepared each week for the radio stations 
giving publicity to the programs. 


The Raymond Foundation acquired during the year fifty stere- 
opticon slides for use in the Theatre and in the extension lectures, 

370 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

and two negatives, all made by the Dhision of Photography. Two 
hundred colored slides were purchased from the Methodist Book 
Concern for use in the extension lectures. 

The Raymond Foundation was also the beneficiary'- of the 

following gifts to the IMuseum: one motion picture reel. The Bearer 
People, was presented by the Department of the Interior, Canada; 
two reels, The Beckoning Tropics, were a gift from the United Fruit 
Com.pany; one reel, Sheet and Wire Steel, was received from the 
United States Steel Corporation; and 199 colored slides on Chinese 
subjects were presented by the Chicago, ^Milwaukee, St. Paul and 
Pacific Railway Company. 


As in past years, the sen-ices of ^luseum guide-lecturers were 
offered, without charge, to clubs, conventions, and other organiza- 
tions, and to ^Museum visitors in general. For the public, seventy- 
seven general tours and 243 tours covering specific exhibits were 
arranged. Printed monthly tour schedules were placed at the main 
entrance for the use of visitors. Each month copies of these 
schedules were sent to libraries and to some of the railroads bring- 
ing suburban groups into the city. The lecture tours were well 

The adult groups which took advantage of the guide-lecture 
service during the year numbered 341, with a total attendance of 
5,496 indi\'iduals. 

The use of the small lecture hall was extended to eight adult 
educational and ci\"ic groups. These meetings were attended by 
620 persons. 

On June 2, the graduating exercises of the foreign adults who 
had been studying in the public schools of the city were held in the 
James Simpson Theatre. The attendance was 630. 


The total number of groups receiving instruction by means of 
lectures, entertainments and tours was 1,336 with an aggregate 
attendance of 279,516. This figure includes both adults and children 
participating in Tvluseum educational acti\ities. Of these totals, 
1,309 groups with an aggregate attendance of 251,119 were reached * 
through the acti\ities of the James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond 
Foundation for Public School and Children's Lectures. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 371 

The Museum's fifty-seventh and fifty-eighth courses of free 
lectures for the public were given in the James Simpson Theatre 
on Saturday afternoons during the spring and autumn months. 
They were illustrated by motion pictures and stereopticon slides. 
Following are the programs of both courses: 

Fifty-seventh Free Lecture Course 
March 5 — Hawaii — the Creator's Workshop. 

Mr. George Dewey Douglas, Los Angeles, California. 
March 12 — Hitting the Trail in Masailand. 

Colonel Charles Wellington Furlong, Boston, Massachusetts. 
March 19 — Massa-Magaga (Head Takers of Formosa). 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, New York. 
March 26 — The Coronation of His Imperial Majesty, the King of Kings, Emperor 

of Abyssinia. 

Mr. Andre La Varre, New York. 
April 2— The Human Side of the BjTd Expedition. 

Chief Yeoman Charles E. Lofgren, United States Navy (retired), 
Personnel Officer of the Byrd Expedition to the Antarctic. 
April 9 — Jungle Life in Motion Pictures. 

Commander George M. Dyott, New York. 
April 16— The World's Most Beautiful Flowers and Trees. 

Mr. Fred Payne Clatworthy, Estes Park, Colorado. 
April 23 — Caves and Canyons of the Carlsbad Country. 

Mr. Carl B. Livingston, Carlsbad, New Mexico. 
April 30 — Wild Life Adventures. 

Mr. Howard H. Cleaves, Staten Island, New York. 

Fifty-eighth Free Lecture Course 
October 1 — Hunting Big Game with Bow and Arrow. / 

(Demonstrated with bow and arrow.) 

Mr. Art Young, Detroit, Michigan. 
October 8— Jungle Experiences in British Guiana, South America. i 

Professor Harold D. Fish, Tropical Research Board, Washington, , Jv 

D.C. ' B > ^^ 

October 15— Insects, Birds, and Movements of Plants. \ ■^-* \rp^ 

Mr. Norman McClintock, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 
October 22— The Kingdom of the Moors. / 

Captain Carl von Hoffman, New York. ^,- 

October 29 — By Air to Inca Land. 

Mr. Robert Shippee, Leader of the Shippee-Johnson Expedition 
to the Peruvian Andes, Red Bank, New Jersey. 
November 5 — Adventures in Alaska. 

Mr. WiUiam M. Finley, Director of Wild Life Conservation, 
State of Oregon, Jennings Lodge, Oregon. 
November 12 — The Australian Aborigines. 

Dr. A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, Department of Anthropology, 
University of Chicago. 
November 19— The Dutch East— Wonderlands of the Golden East. 

Mr. H. C. Ostrander, Yonkers, New York. 
November 26— The Voyage of a Submarine Columbus. 

Mr. Brayton Eddy, Providence, Rhode Island. 

The total attendance at these eighteen lectures was 27,147, of 
which 13,772 were at the nine spring lectures, and 13,375 at the nine 
autumn ones. 

372 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 


Several new exchange arrangements have been effected during 
1932, as a result of which the Museum's Library has received 
valuable material. Since the Library depends to a large extent on 
its exchanges for additions to its collections of books and pamphlets, 
it has been especially gratifying to form these new connections, 
and at the same time to be able to report large benefits from the 
continuance of relations with other institutions and individuals 
previously on the exchange list. Some institutions from which 
publications had not recently been received resumed the exchange 
of material. 

Purchases have necessarily been limited to those books most 
needed for immediate use, and a small number was added to each 
department. Three previously incomplete sets were filled, adding 
much to their usefulness. 

From various friends of the Museum desirable gifts have been 
received. The Fisheries Society of Japan, Tokyo, sent Volume II of 
their Illustrations of Japanese Aquatic Plants and Animals, Volume I 
of which was received last year. Dr. J. Christian Bay, of Chicago, 
gave a helpful Index to Audubon's Birds of America, 1827-1838. 
Mr. Maximo Martinez, of Mexico City, sent a typewritten copy 
of a manuscript of El Judio, by Osade Ricardo. Mr. Arthur M. 
Bamhart, of Chicago, presented the seven volumes of Stehlin's Die 
Sdugetiere des schweizeriscken Eocdens. Mrs. James Keogh, of 
Chicago, gave twenty-eight volumes on wild animal life. Dr. Earl 
E. Sherff, of Chicago, presented a collection of reprints and notes 
on Xanthium. Additional gifts have been received from members 
of the Museum staff. 

The continued increase in the number of readers and students 
from outside has been a cause of gratification. Many of these stated 
that at Field Museum they have had the use of material which they 
have failed to find in any other library. Among the visitors are 
included some from distant localities as well as from the Chicago 

There have been more calls for interlibrary loans than before 
and these have been from widely separated places. The Museum 
desires to acknowledge its indebtedness to other libraries for 
courtesies received. Among those whose cooperation is especially 
notable are the Library of Congress, John Crerar Library, the 
library of the American Museum of Natural History, the library 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 373 

of the University of Michigan, the library of the University of 

There have been accessioned 2,182 books and pamphlets, and 
7,077 cards have been added to the catalogue. From the John 
Crerar Library 7,066 cards have been received and filed. 

The Library's record books now occupy seventeen volumes, and 
contain 82,525 entries, of which 2,021 were made in 1932. The 
total number of catalogue cards written is 411,679, of which 7,077 
were prepared during 1932. 

Additional stack space for the accommodation of several thousand 
books, heretofore kept in the departmental libraries and elsewhere, 
was provided in the form of steel racks in a room near the general 


The production of the Division of Printing was much reduced 
owing to a drastic reduction in the staff made necessary as a measure 
of economy. This resulted in the accumulation of a large nimiber 
of manuscripts for publications, which will have to be held pending 
such time as conditions will permit additions to the staff. 

The greater part of the time of the Division was devoted to 
printing exhibition labels for the various Departments, the total of 
these being 24,034. Toward the end of the year the output of labels 
was greatly increased by using the monotj^e machine for the first 
time on all small labels instead of hand-set composition. Miscel- 
laneous work of the Division totaled 400,255 impressions. 

Twelve additions to the regular series of Field Museum publica- 
tions were issued, of which one was anthropological, two were 
botanical, two geological, six zoological, and one the Annual Report 
of the Director for 1931. Of the books in these series, 15,500 copies 
were produced, containing an aggregate of 1,166 pages of type 
composition. Besides these, one mmiber was added to the geology 
leaflet series and another to the special guides. A second edition 
of an anthropology leaflet was also issued. Of these additional 
books, 5,126 copies were printed, the composition totaling 368 
pages. A detailed list of these various publications follows: 



305. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, No. 1. The Auditory Region of the Toxo- 
dontia. By Bryan Patterson. January 5, 1932. 28 pages, 5 zinc 
etchings. Edition 773. 

306. — Report Series, Vol. IX, No. 1. Annual Report of the Director for the 
Year 1931. January, 1932. 287 pages, 22 photogravures. Edition 

374 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

307. — Geological Series, Vol. VI, No. 2. Upper Canadian (Beekmantown) 
Drift Fossils from Labrador. By Sharat Kumar Roy. April 8, 
1932. 31 pages, 2 photogravures. Edition 796. 

308.— Zoological Series, Vol. XIX. The Birds of Chile. By Charles E. 
HeUmayr. June 13, 1932. 472 pages. Edition 757. 

309. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVIII, No. 7. Reptiles and Amphibians of the 
Mandel Venezuelan Expedition. By Karl P. Schmidt. June 16, 
1932. 8 pages. Edition 775. 

310. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVIII, No. 8. Notes on New Guinean Crocodiles. 
By Karl P. Schmidt. June 16, 1932. 8 pages, 2 photogravures, 1 
zinc etching. Edition 772. 

311. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVIII, No. 9. Reptiles and Amphibians from 
the Solomon Islands. By Karl P. Schmidt. July 8, 1932. 18 pages, 
1 photogra\aire. Edition 773. 

312.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVIII, No. 10. Mammals of the Kelley- 
Roosevelts and Delacour Asiatic Expeditions. By Wilfred H, 
Osgood. August 19, 1932. 149 pages, 2 photogravures, 2 zinc 
etchings, 1 map. Edition 769. 

313. — Botanical Series, Vol. VIII, No. 6. Revision of the Genus Cosmos. 

By Eari Edward Sherff. September 2, 1932. 49 pages. Edition 826. 
314.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVIII, No. 11. Birds of Western China Obtained 

by the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition. By Outram Bangs. October 

12, 1932. 40 pages. Edition 886. 

315.— Anthropological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 4. The Solar Year of the 
Mayas at Quirigua, Guatemala. By J. Eric Thompson. November 1, 
1932. 60 pages, 2 zinc etchings. Edition 638. 

316. — Botanical Series, Vol. XI, No. 4. New Plants from British Honduras. 
By Paul C. Standley. December 15, 1932. 16 pages. Edition 837. 

Leaflet Series 

Geology, No. 13. — The Geological History and Evolution of the Horse. By 
Elmer S. Riggs. November 17, 1932. 54 pages, 19 photogravures, 4 zinc 
etchings, 1 cover illustration. Edition 3,134. 

Anthropology, No. 25 (second edition).— The Civilization of the Mayas. By 
J. Eric Thompson. December 12, 1932. 104 pages, 14 photogravures, 
11 zinc etchings, 1 map, 1 cover design. Edition 1,224. 

Guide Series 

Anthropology Guide, Part V. Ethnology of Melanesia. By Albert B. Lewis. 
February 1, 1932. 210 pages, 64 photogravures, 2 maps. Edition 768. 


The total number of negatives, prints, enlargements of photo- 
graphs, lantern slides, and transparent exhibition labels made by 
the Division of Photography during 1932 was 12,069. Of these, 
345 photographic prints and thirty-four lantern slides were for sales 
on orders placed by outsiders; the balance were for various uses in 
Departments and Divisions of the Museum. 

The Division of Photogravure produced a total of 521,350 
photogravure impressions during the year. These were for the 
illustration of publications and leaflets, for headings of posters and 
membership certificates, and for picture post cards. 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 375 

The Museum Illustrator completed 1,505 orders for the Museum's 
Departments and Divisions. These included 283 pen drawings, 27 
maps, 39 charts, retouching of 162 photographs, blocking and hair- 
lining of 689 negatives, coloring of 169 lantern slides, and other 
miscellaneous jobs to the total indicated above. 


As in previous years. Field Museum distributed its publications 
to the libraries, museums, and other institutions with which it 
maintains exchange relations. To these and to individuals engaged 
in scientific work, the Museum during 1932 sent 10,961 copies of 
scientific publications and 703 copies of leaflets and miscellaneous 
pamphlets. It also sent 4,792 copies of the 1931 Annual Report of 
the Director and 368 copies of a geology leaflet to Members of 
Field Museum. Sales for the year totaled 625 scientific publications, 
4,048 leaflets, and 5,708 miscellaneous publications and pamphlets. 

Fifteen large boxes containing publications for foreign institutions 
were shipped to the Smithsonian Institution, at Washington, D.C., 
for distribution through its international exchange bureau, and 
grateful acknowledgment is tendered that institution for its excellent 
service and cordial cooperation. For future distribution and sales, 
155 packages of 1932 publications were wrapped, labeled, and stored. 

The Museum increased its exchange relations by the addition of 
twenty-six names to the domestic mailing list and thirty-five to the 

Owing to the increasing demand for space in the publication 
stockroom to accommodate new publications, it was necessary to 
dispose of excess stocks of older publications by selling them as 
waste paper. This excess accumulation covered a long period of 
time and was the result of variation in the size of editions and in 
the number of requests for publications of the different series. 


The number of picture post cards sold during the year 1932 
was 74,590. The decrease in the volume of sales of both individual 
cards and sets of cards undoubtedly may be attributed to the con- 
tinued depressed financial conditions that existed throughout the 
year. Outstanding among new cards issued are one of the African 
water-hole group, and one of the giant sable antelope. 


The Museimi's publicity about activities of interest to the 
public has been maintained through its Division of Public Relations 

376 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

on approximately the same scale as in the past several years. News- 
papers, magazines, and other media of distribution have given 
cordial cooperation in publishing the news emanating from the 

The news of most general interest and importance has appeared 
throughout the nation, and often in the press of many other countries 
as well, as a result of the interest manifested by national and inter- 
national news agencies. Much of this news matter has been illus- 
trated with photographs supplied by the Museum; in many other 
cases pictures have been taken by newspaper staff photographers 
especially assigned for the purpose by editors upon receiving the 
Museum's news releases. In addition, various newspapers and 
magazines have, on their own initiative, published special articles 
and series of pictures concerning the Museum, and the institution 
has extended its assistance to the writers, photographers, and 
artists assigned to prepare such material. 

The Museum has continued publication of Field Museum News, 
the monthly bulletin for Members, preparation of which is another 
duty of the Division of Public Relations. This bulletin, containing 
advance notice of lectures for adults and children's entertainments, 
news of all important activities, pictures of new exhibits, and articles 
on a variety of subjects contributed by members of the scientific 
staff, has been distributed promptly to Members at the beginning 
of each month. It has also been sent to editors of newspapers and 
magazines, who frequently reprint or quote in part its articles, thus 
increasing the general publicity received by the Museum. The 
News is used also as an exchange medium in the relations maintained 
with many other scientific institutions. 

Once again the Museum has enjoyed the courtesies of various 
organizations which have made the facilities of their advertising 
media available without charge, and opportunity is taken here to 
express appreciation of these favors. The Illinois Central and the 
Chicago and North Western Railways continued, as in past years, 
to display at their city and suburban stations posters announcing 
Field Museum lecture courses. Such posters also appeared in 
libraries, schools, department stores, hotels, clubs, and other places 
where they would attract public attention. Local and interurban 
transportation companies of the Chicago region distributed folders 
about the Museum to their patrons, and advertised it in other 
ways. This was done on an especially extensive scale by the Chicago 

Jan. 1933 Annual Report of the Director 377 

Motor Coach Company, which printed and distributed literature 
about the Museum at its own expense. 

Other publicity resulted from the cooperation of various radio 
stations and the producers of motion picture newsreels. 


There has been some decline in the number of persons on the 
Museum's membership lists, due to continuance of the general 
business depression. It is gratifying to note, however, that the great 
majority of Members have loyally continued their support of the 
institution. To those members the Trustees express their apprecia- 
tion. Such resignations as have occurred have for the most part 
been received from those whose financial circumstances made the 
continuation of their memberships impossible. New Members have 
been enrolled in place of many of those who resigned. 

The following tabulation shows the number of names on the 
rolls in each of the Museum's membership classifications at the end 
of 1932: 

Benefactors 18 

Honorary Members 18 

Patrons 30 

Corresponding Members 6 

Contributors 102 

Corporate Members 44 

Life Members 328 

Non- Resident Life Members 8 

Associate Members 2,390 

Non-Resident Associate Members 3 

Sustaining Members 84 

Annual Members 1,488 

Total memberships 4,519 

The names of all Members on the rolls as of December 31, 1932, 
will be found elsewhere in this Report. 


The cafeteria served refreshments to 64,134 persons during 1932, 
a decrease of 30,322 compared with the number served during 1931. 
In the face of the tremendous increase in the general attendance of 
the Museum, this decrease seems attributable to the general business 

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial 
statements, lists of accessions, names of Members, et cetera. 

Stephen C. Simms, Director 

378 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


FOR YEARS 1931 AND 1932 

1932 W31 

Total attendance 1,824,202 1,515,540 

Paid attendance 82,607 126.209 

Free admissions on pay days: 

Students 18,548 15,960 

Schoolchildren 86,496 67,478 

Teachers 2,121 1,868 

Members 1,560 1,517 

Admissions on free days: 

Thursdays (52) 325,164 (53) 293,654 

Saturdays (53) 546,811 (52) 407,303 

Sundays (52) 760,895 (52) 601,551 

Highest attendance (Sept. 4) 36,629 (May 21) 51,917 

Lowest attendance (Dec. 16) 101 (March 9) 130 

Highest paid attendance (July 4) 3,179 (Sept. 7) 4,513 

Average daily admissions (366 days) 4,984 (365 days) 4,152 

Average paid admissions (209 days) 395 (208 days) 607 

Number of guides sold 4,512 7,634 

Number of articles checked 10,755 17,515 

Number of picture post cards sold 74,590 138,514 

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, 

portfolios, and photographs $3,326.51 $5,351.54 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 



FOR YEARS 1931 AND 1932 

1932 1931 

Income from Endowment Fund $188,870.86 $187,873.35 Net 

Income from funds held under 

annuity agreements 40,242.55 42,044.16 

Income from Life Membership 

Fund 13,616.33 14,824.77 

Income from Associate Member- 
ship Fund 13,973.49 13,491.20 

South Park Commissioners 112,926.45 167,360.43 

Annual and Sustaining Member- 
ships 11,395.00 14,655.00 

Admissions 20,651.75 31,552.25 

Sundry receipts 15,933.63 11,715.67 

Contributions, general purposes 114,000.00 200,000.00 

Contributions, special purposes 

(expended per contra) 79,978.74 110,944.82 

Special funds: 

Part expended this year for 
purposes created (in- 
cluded per contra) 31,526.21 40,067.81 

$643,115.01 $834,529.46 
Less: Reserve for contrac- 
tual liabilities created 
in former years 76,155.39 



Collections $127,385.69 $179,603.62 

Expeditions 10,181.43 34,868.69 

Furniture, fixtures, etc 4,655.42 24,461.58 

Plant reproduction 5,096.46 16,362.54 

Pensions, group insurance 16,479.04 17,918.03 

Research fellowship 500.00 1,000.00 

Departmental expenses 54,898.96 1 10,475.70 

General operating expenses . 302,080.25 407,431.95 
Annuities on contingent gifts 38,822.26 40,176.23 
Added to principal of an- 
nuity endowments 1,420.29 1,867.93 

Interest on loans 7,465.38 7,574.58 

$568.985.18 $841,740.85 

Remaining excess of expenditures over in- 
come and receipts $ 2,025.56 $ 7,211.39 

Contribution 2,025.56 

Notes payable January 1 $184,800.00 $187,000.00 

Additional loans 82,000.00 

Paid on account 28,700.00 84,200.00 

Balance payable December 31 $156,100.00 $184,800.00 


FOR YEARS 1931 AND 1932 

1932 1931 

Income from Endowment $20,439.36 $21,008.36 

Operating expenses 17,401.68 19,028.69 

Balance, December 31 $ 3,037.68 $ 1,979.67 

380 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


department of anthropology 

Absolon, Professor Karel, Briinn, 
Czechoslovakia: 4 casts of paleolithic 
engraved bone objects — Czechoslovakia 

Allison, Mrs. Nathaniel, Chicago: 
1 wooden pounder — New Zealand (gift). 

American Friends of China, 
Chicago: 1 archaic jade scraper, 1 
figure of Goddess of Mercy, Kwan Yin, 
made of water-buffalo horn, 1 celadon 
figure and 1 cover of cut velvet — China 

Barrett, Edward, New York: 1 
examination "crib" of silk inscribed 
with one of the classical books — China 

Bisbee, J. B., Michigan City, In- 
diana: 1 old piece of tapa cloth — 
Hawaii (gift). 

Breuil, Abbe Henri, Paris, France: 
1 quartzite, 1 burnt bone — Chou-kou- 
tien, China; 3 samples from geological 
deposits, 31 Aurignacian flints from 
Laussel, 9 paleolithic flints — northern 
France (gift). 

Cermak, Mayor Anton J., Chicago: 
1 stone celt, 1 stone ax, 8 projectile 
points — Silver City, New Mexico (gift). 

CORBIN, Austin, New York: 4 boar 
skins for a group in Hall C (gift). 

Deburgenie, Mr. and Mrs. 
Edward, Chicago: 1 ax of Chellean 
type — Areosa, Portugal (gift). 

Faber, a. Dilworth, Chicago: 1 
silver tongue-cleaner — China (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 
Collected by Field Museum-Oxford 
University Joint Expedition to Meso- 
potamia (Marshall Field Fund) : stuccos, 
chiefly fragmentary, and 18 pieces of 
pottery from Sassanian palaces, 60 
pottery jars, 40 clay figures and sherds, 
beads, glass, bronze implements, and 
40 skulls of the Sumerian period— 
Kish, Mesopotamia. 

Collected by Vernay-Lang Kalahari 
Expedition of Field Museum: 6 ostrich 
eggs used as water vessels— Bushmen, 
South Africa. 

Purchases: 2 casts of fighting ibex 
and bison from cave of Solutrean 
period — Le Roc, France. 

Harris, George, Waco, Texas: 2 
prehistoric flint scrapers and 4 fiint 
knives — Gatesville and Waco, Texas 

Hinckley, Mrs. Freeman S., Chi- 
cago: 15 ethnographical objects — Fiji, 
Hawaiian, and Society Islands (gift). 

Kelley, Harper, Paris, France: 2 
prehistoric flint hand-axes — Saintes, 
Charente Inf^rieure, France; 5 notched 
Solutrean flints — Le Placard, France 

Knoblock, Byron, La Grange, Illi- 
nois: 15 Indian skulls and 6 fragmentary 
skulls — Illinois; 1 Indian skull — Catalina 
Island; 1 flint projectile point of Folsora 
type — near Harrisburg, Illinois; 1 flint 
projectile point of Folsom type— God- 
frey, Illinois; 1 prehistoric stone celt — 
Denmark; 1 Indian skull — St. Clair 
County, Illinois; 3 projectile points of 
Folsom type (exchange) ; 6 large and 18 
small stalactites — Kentucky (gift). 

Krohn, Mrs. Josephine, Chicago: 
1 large chert scraper — Union County, 
Illinois (gift). 

Loomis, Mrs. Edwin C, Chicago: 
7 beaded objects — Sioux Indians, North 
Dakota (gift). 

McCormick, Mrs. Alexander A., 
Chicago: 2 ancient scarabs — Egypt 

Moore, H. G., Peoria, Illinois: 1 
rain coat — China (gift). 

Neff, Miss Barbara, Chicago: 28 
pieces of beadwork — Plains Indians, 
Montana; 38 pieces of jewelry — 
Algeria; 1 piece of Zulu beadwork — 
southeast Africa (gift). 

Oppenheim, Baron Max von, Ber- 
lin: 34 fragments of painted pottery, 
9 obsidian implements, 5 flint imple- 
ments — Tell Halaf , upper Mesopotamia 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Peabody Museum of Harvard 
University, Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts: 290 archaeological objects and 
1 chart — Maine, Massachusetts, and 
Georgia; Honduras, Yucatan, and Mar- 
shall Islands (exchange). 

Pope, Arthur U., New York: 6 
prehistoric bronze implements: 1 rein 
ring, 1 mace head, 3 battle-axes, 1 spear- 
head — Luristan, Persia (gift). 

Prasuhn, John G., Chicago: 1 
rattan shield — Wambuti tribe, north- 
east Congo, central Africa (exchange). 

Price, Mrs. Ira M., Chicago: 6 
old baskets, 2 basket plaques, 14 ivory 
tools — Eskimo, Aleutian Islands and 
Point Barrow, Alaska (gift). 

Shellshear, Professor J. L., Hong 
Kong, China: 34 fragments of pre- 
historic pottery and 16 flint implements 
— Hong Kong, China (gift). 

Watrous, p. B., Chicago: 1 slate 
bannerstone — Iowa (gift). 

Williams, Dr. C. B., Edinburgh, 
Scotland: 42 flint implements — El- 
Maadi near Cairo, Egypt; 16 obsidian 
implements — Naivasha, Kenya Colony 


Wretlind, E. W., Kokomo, Indiana: 
1 prehistoric flint spearhead and 1 
prehistoric perforated stone ax — Sweden 


Abllen, Dr. Paul, Basel, Switzer- 
land: 52 specimens of European plants 

American Bemberg Corporation, 
New York: 12 samples of rayon and 
raw materials (gift). 

American Dyewood Company, 
Chester, Pennsylvania: 1 log of fustic, 
1 log of logwood (gift). 

Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts: 1,081 plant specimens 

ARSfeNE, Rev. Bro. G., Las Vegas, 
New Mexico: 2 plant specimens from 
New Mexico (gift). 

Barnaby, Charles H., Greencastle, 
Indiana: 1 trunk, 4 slabs of dogwood 

Benke, Hermann C, Chicago: 988 
plant specimens (gift). 

Bishop Museum, Bernice Pauahi, 
Honolulu, Hawaii: 34 plant specimens 
from Hawaii (exchange). 

Bletsch, W. E., Highland Park, Illi- 
nois: 29 wood samples (gift). 

Blom, Franz, New Orleans, Louisi- 
ana: 1 bundle of tobacco from Mexico 

Board of Agriculture and For- 
estry, Honolulu, Hawaii: 58 hand 
specimens of Hawaiian woods (gift). 

Booth, Lawrence M., Berkeley, 
California: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Boris Fr^res e Companhia Ltda., 
Ceara, Brazil: 3 specimens manigoba 
rubber, 6 specimens carnauba wax 

Botanical Garden and Museum, 
Berlin-Dahlem, Germany: 67 drawings 
of plants, 4 herbarium specimens (ex- 
change); 9 wood panels (gift). 

Botaniska Museet, Lund, Sweden: 
675 plant specimens (exchange). 

Brade, a. C, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 
29 plant specimens from Brazil (gift). 

Bravo H., Miss Helia, Chapultepec, 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Bremer, Miss Mary, Crown Point, 
Indiana: 1 plant specimen from Indiana 

Broadway, W. E., Port-of-Spain, 
Trinidad: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brook- 
lyn, New York: 172 plant specimens 
from the Galapagos Islands (exchange). 

Buchtien, Dr. Otto, La Paz, 
Bolivia: 34 plant specimens. 

Burkart, Arturo, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 13 plant specimens from 
Argentina (gift). 

Caballero, J. M., San Luis Potosi, 
Mexico: 6 boards of Mexican woods 

382 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Cabrera, Dr. Angel L., La Plata, 
Argentina: 167 plant specimens from 
Argentina (exchange). 

Cadwallader Gibson Co., Inc., 
Los Angeles, California: 14 specimens 
of Philippine woods (gift). 

Calderon, Dr. Salvador, San Sal- 
vador, Salvador: 18 plant specimens, 
2 vials of Cymbopogon essence (gift). 

California Academy of Sciences, 
San Francisco: 205 plant specimens 

Carpenter, Dr. Ray, New Haven, 
Connecticut: 64 plant specimens from 
Barro Colorado Island (gift). 

Catholic University of America, 
Washington, D.C: 110 plant specimens 

Chaney, Professor Ralph W., 
Berkeley, California: 1 plant specimen 

Chardon, Dr. Carlos E., Rio 
Piedras, Puerto Rico: 1 photograph of 
a Venezuelan plant (gift). 

Chateau, Rev. I., Mission, Texas: 
1 plant specimen from Texas (gift). 

Clark, Miss Emily A., Wushishi, 
Nigeria: 1 fungus specimen from Africa 


Clarkson, Mrs. Ralph, Chicago: 1 
photograph of plant (gift). 

Colby, Earl H., Crystal Lake, Illi- 
nois: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company, 
Kansas City, Kansas: 3 oil samples 

Companhia Ford Industrial do 
Brasil, Para, Brazil: 469 plant speci- 
mens, 3 resin specimens, and 159 wood 
specimens (gift). 

Costa Lima e Myrtil, Ceard, 
Brazil: 7 specimens carnauba wax 

Craftsman Wood Service Com- 
pany, Inc., Chicago: 7 boards of 
tropical woods (gift). 

CuRTiN, Mrs. T. E., Pasadena, 
California: 41 plant specimens (gift). 

Cutting, C. Suydam, New York: 
638 plant specimens from the Burma- 
Tibet frontier, collected by F. Kingdon 
Ward (gift). 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 8 
plant specimens, 1 mate strainer, 9 
specimens of palm products (gift). 

Dampf, Dr. Alfons, Mexico City, 
Mexico: 59 plant specimens from Yuca- 
tan (gift). 

Deam, C. C, Bluffton, Indiana: 37 
plant specimens (gift). 

Desert Laboratory, Tucson, Ari- 
zona: 47 plant specimens (gift). 

DiRECciON General de Agricul- 
tura, Guatemala City, Guatemala: 63 
plant specimens, 5 wood samples, 1 
photograph (gift). 

DODSON, Joseph H., Kankakee, Illi- 
nois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Doolittle, Mrs. H. M., Dallas, 
Texas: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

DuGAND G., Armand, Barranquilla, 
Colombia: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

DuPoNT de Nemours, E. I., and 
Company, Parlin, New Jersey: 18 
samples of materials for making Duco, 
5 samples of materials for making 
Fabricoid (gift). 

DuRKiN, Miss Mary, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen from Michigan (gift). 

Eddy, M. E., Rockton, Illinois: 3 
plant specimens (gift). 

EiFRiG, G., River Forest, Illinois: 
3 plant specimens (gift). 

Elias, Rev. Bro., Barranquilla, 
Colombia: 62 plant specimens from 
Colombia (gift). 

Farlow Herbarium, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 13 specimens of lichens 
from Costa Rica (exchange). 

Federacion de Cafeteros, Colom- 
bia: 20 photographs of the coffee 
industry (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History : 

Collected by W. R. Maxon and E. P. 

Killip (delayed shipment from Field 

Museum Expedition to Jamaica, 1920): 

180 plant specimens from Jamaica. 

Collected by Floyd T. Smith (Mar- 
shall Field Zoological Expedition to 
China): 2 Chinese tea bushes. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Collected by the Vernay-Lang Kala- 
hari Expedition: 884 plant specimens, 
4 negatives of plant types, 1 trunk 
section and 1 bark sample of Com- 

Field, Stanley, Plant Reproduction 
Laboratories: 14 models of plants. 

Rockefeller Foundation Fund for 
Photographing Type Specimens: 3,997 
negatives of type specimens of European 
herbaria; 4,230 photographic prints of 
type specimens. 

Transferred from the Division of 
Photography: 1,606 photographic prints. 

Purchases: 100 plant specimens from 
Argentina, collected by Dr. Arturo 
Donat; 146 plant specimens from Para- 
guay, collected by P. Jorgensen; 816 
plant specimens from Campeche, col- 
lected by C. H. Lundell; 150 specimens 
of cryptogams from Germany and 
Switzerland, from Walter Migula; 152 
plant specimens from Dominican Re- 
public, collected by E. J. Valeur. 

Fisher, George L., Houston, Texas: 
141 plant specimens (gift). 

Flexo Products Company, Chicago: 
4 samples of vegetable waxes (gift). 

Flores, Dr. Roman S., Progreso, 
Yucatan: 7 photographic prints, 2 
wood samples, 33 plant specimens (gift). 

Froebel High School, Pupils of, 
Gary, Indiana: 1 specimen of giant 
puffball (gift). 

Garfield Park Conservatory, Chi- 
cago: 15 specimens of cultivated plants 

Garrett, Professor A. 0., Salt 
Lake City, Utah: 84 plant specimens 

Gillett Saffron Company, Chi- 
cago: 1 sample of saffron (gift). 

Gray Herbarium of Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
173 plant specimens (exchange). 

Hammermill Paper Company, Erie, 
Pennsylvania: 12 specimens of spruce 
wood for paper making (gift). 

Hansbrough, J. R., New Haven, 
Connecticut: 2 plant specimens (gift). 

Hanson, Professor Herbert C, 
Fargo, North Dakota: 8 plant specimens 

Hapeman, Dr. H., Minden, Nebraska: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

Hatch, Mrs. Blanche C, Oswego, 
Illinois: 2 plant specimens from Missis- 
sippi (gift). 

Hayden, Miss Ada, Ames, Iowa: 5 
plant specimens (gift). 

Haynes, Miss Caroline C, High- 
lands, New Jersey: 26 specimens of 
hepatics (gift). 

Haynie, Miss Nellie V., Oak Park, 
Illinois: 8 plant specimens (gift). 

Heimerl, Dr. Anton, Vienna, Aus- 
tria: 100 plant specimens (gift). 

Herrera, Dr. Fortunato L., Cuzco, 
Peru: 601 plant specimens from Peru 

HiGGiNS, J. E., Summit, Canal Zone: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

HiNES, Edward, Lumber Company, 
Chicago: 8 pine boards (gift). 

Hoffmann, Ralph, Santa Barbara, 
California: 5 plant specimens (gift). 

Imperial Forestry Institute, Ox- 
ford, England: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Instituto Biologico de Defesa 
Agricola e Animal, Sao Paulo, Brazil: 
922 plant specimens from Brazil (ex- 

Instituto de Botanica y Farma- 
cologia, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 35 
plant specimens from Argentina (gift). 

Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa: 
189 plant specimens (exchange). 

Irwin, Mrs. Watson, Chicago: 1 
plant specimen (gift). 

Italian Chamber of Commerce, 
Chicago: 8 straw hats from Italy (gift). 

Kanekichi Endo, Tokyo, Japan: 1 
board of kiri wood (gift). 

Krukoff, B., Par^, Brazil: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

KuTTNAUER AND Franke, Chicago: 
9 samples of tobacco (gift). 

Laboratorio de Botanica, Minis- 
TERio DE Agricultura, Buenos Aires, 
Argentina: 164 plant specimens from 
Argentina (gift). 

384 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Lima, Elpidio, Barroso, Ceara, Bra- 
zil: carnauba wax powder (gift). 

Lindsay Light Company, Chicago: 
1 rayon mantle, 3 ramie mantles (gift). 

LuNDELL, C. L., Dallas, Texas: 60 
plant specimens from Campeche (gift). 

McCloud River Lxbiber Company, 
McCloud, California: 4 trunk slabs, 1 
wheel section of ponderosa pine (gift). 

Madera Sugar Pine Company, 
Madera, California: 1 branch of sugar 
pine (gift). 

Martin, G. E., Davenport, Iowa: 2 
photographs of gingko tree (gift). 

Martinez, Professor Maximino, 
Mexico City, Mexico: 34 plant speci- 
mens from Mexico (gift). 

Mayer, S. G., Georgetown, Ohio: 
1 log section of dogwood (gift). 

Mengel Company, Louisville, Ken- 
tucky: 1 board of Honduras mahogany, 
1 board of Nicaraguan mahogany, 1 
board of Brazilian satinwood (gift). 

Metropolitan Museum of Natural 
History, Nanking, China: 1 alcoholic 
specimen of tea plant (gift). 

Mexia, Mrs. Ynes, Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia: 183 plant specimens (gift). 

Meyer, William C, New York: 81 
plant specimens from British Honduras 


Michigan State College, Depart- 
ment OF Forestry, East Lansing, 
Michigan: 23 wood samples (gift). 

MoLDENKE, Harold M., Bronx Park, 
New York: 1 plant specimen from 
Arizona (gift). 

Morton, Dr. Friedrich, Hallstatt, 
Austria: 57 plant specimens, 9 seed 
samples (exchange). 

Murray, Leo T., Ithaca, New York: 
50 plant specimens from Texas (gift). 

Museo de Historia Natural, Tucu- 
man, Argentina: 95 plant specimens 
from Argentina (gift). 

Museo de La Plata, La Plata, 
Argentina: 100 plant specimens from 
Argentina (exchange). 

Museo Nacional, San Jose, Costa 
Rica: 310 plant specimens from Costa 
Rica (gift). 

Museo Nacional de Historia 
Natural, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 211 
plant specimens from Argentina (ex- 
change) . 

MusEU Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil: 552 plant specimens from Brazil 

Museum d'Histoirb Naturelle, 
Paris, France: 55 plant specimens 

National Herbarium of Victoria, 
South Yarra, Australia: 203 plant speci- 
mens from Australia (exchange). 

Naturhistorisches Museum, Vi- 
enna, Austria: 61 plant specimens from 
Costa Rica (exchange). 

Nevermann, Ferdinand, San Jose, 
Costa Rica: 4 plant specimens, 1 wood 
specimen (gift). 

New York Botanical Garden, 
Bronx Park, New York: 83 photo- 
graphic prints of type specimens, 27 
plant specimens (exchange). 

North Dakota State College, 
Fargo, North Dakota: 687 plant speci- 
mens (exchange). 

OsTEN, Cornelius, Montevideo, 
Uruguay: 141 plant specimens, 1 photo- 
graphic print (gift). 

Paul, Rev. Bro., Panama City, 
Panama: 183 plant specimens from 
Colombia (gift). 

Pearson, C. H., and Son, Hardwood 
Company, Inc., New York: 4 planks of 
Central American woods (gift). 

Pearson, E. C, Las Cruces, New 
Mexico: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Penrod, Jurden and Clark Com- 
pany, Cincinnati, Ohio: 8 specimens of 
Sapeli veneer (gift). 

Pinkley, Mrs. A. E., Oak Lawn, 
IlHnois: 1 fungus specimen (gift). 

PoPENOE, Dr. Wilson, Guatemala 
City, Guatemala: 2 plant specimens 

Prairie Farmer Publishing Com- 
pany, Chicago: 1 sample of cornstalk 
paper (gift). 

PuRPUS, Dr. C. a., Zacuapam, 
Mexico: 333 plant specimens (gift). 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Red River Lumber Company, West- 
wood, California: 4 trunk slabs, 1 
wheel section, 4 boards of incense cedar 

Reimann, Carmen C. de, Chicago: 
1 plant specimen from Costa Rica (gift). 

Rhodes, William, Indianapolis, In- 
diana: 27 plant specimens (gift). 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
Surrey, England: 302 plant specimens 
from South America (exchange). 

RozYNSKi, H. W. VON, Jaumave, 
Mexico: 623 plant specimens from 
Mexico, 2 packets of seeds (gift). 

Russell Fortune, Inc., Indian- 
apolis, Indiana: 5 panels of Oriental 
wood, 4 panels of koa, 1 panel of silky 
oak, 1 panel of amboyna (gift). 

Sandburg Manufacturing Com- 
pany', Chicago: 1 log section, 1 cross 
section, 2 engravers' blocks of Turkish 
boxwood (gift). 

SCHANTZ, Orpheus M., Berwyn, Illi- 
nois: 4 plant specimens (gift). 

Scherer, William G., Iquitos, Peru: 
1 plant specimen (gift). 

ScHipp, William A., Stann Creek, 
British Honduras: 359 plant specimens, 
1 alcoholic specimen, 1 wood specimen 

Schmieg, Hungate and Kotzian, 
New York: 1 sample of camino wood 

Scientific Oil Compounding Com- 
pany, Chicago: 42 samples of vegetable 
oils, 1 sample of crude linseed oil (gift). 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago: 135 
plant specimens, 2,234 negatives of 
type specimens (gift). 

Shreve, Dr. Forrest, Tucson, Ari- 
zona: 38 plant specimens, 1 ephedra 
bush (gift). 

Skwarra, Dr. Elisabeth, Konigs- 
berg, Germany: 2 plant specimens from 
Mexico (gift). 

Slater, George M., Ancon, Canal 
Zone: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Smith, F. W., Guasave, Mexico: 4 
plant specimens from Mexico (gift). 

Smith, J. H., Veneers, Inc., Chi- 
cago: 12 wood panels (gift). 

Smith, Jesse L., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 plant specimen from Indiana 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago: 5 plant 
specimens from Indiana, 1 sapucaia 
fruit (gift). 

Stanford University, Dudley Her- 
barium, California: 1,026 plant speci- 
mens (exchange). 

Stork, Professor H. E., Northfield, 
Minnesota: 6 plant specimens from 
Costa Rica (gift). 

Sugar Pine Lumber Company, Ltd., 
Pinedale, California: 4 trunk slabs, 1 
wheel section of sugar pine (gift). 

Thompson, Stuart L., Toronto, 
Canada: 49 plant specimens (gift). 

Torres R., Professor Ruben, Car- 
tago, Costa Rica: 371 plant specimens 
from Costa Rica (gift). 

Train, Percy, Helena, Montana: 1 
plant specimen from Nevada (gift). 

Turner, H. W., Punta Gorda, British 
Honduras: 1 specimen of cohune palm 
flowers (gift). 

United Fruit Company, Boston, 
Massachusetts: 7 boards of Honduran 
woods (gift). 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 317 photographic 
prints of type specimens, 2,270 plant 
specimens (exchange). 

Universitetets Botaniske Mu- 
seum, Copenhagen, Denmark: 560 
plant specimens (exchange). 

University of California, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Berkeley, California: 
650 plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Chicago, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Chicago: 51,604 
plant specimens (gift). 

University of Michigan, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Ann Arbor, Michigan: 
982 plant specimens from British Hon- 
duras and Guatemala (exchange). 

University of Minnesota, Depart- 
ment of Botany, Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota: 370 plant specimens from Min- 
nesota (exchange). 

386 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

University of Montana, Depart- 
ment OF Botany, Bozeman, Montana: 
215 plant specimens (exchange). 

University of Texas, Department 
OF Botany, Austin, Texas: 661 plant 
specimens (gift). 

Verdoorn, Fr., Utrecht, Nether- 
lands: 59 specimens of hepatics (ex- 

Viscose Company, New York: 9 
samples of materials for manufacture 
of rayon, 2 diagrams (gift). 

Walpole, S. J., Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen from Yucatan (gift). 

Weberbauer, Dr. August, Lima, 
Peru: 1 plant specimen from Peru 

Weed, Alfred C, Chicago: 1 plant 
specimen (gift). 

Wells, James H., Baldwin, Florida: 
1 branch of pecan (gift). 

West, Erdman, Gainesville, Florida: 
1 plant specimen from Cuba (gift). 

Wetmore, Dr. R. H., Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 229 plant specimens 
from Barro Colorado Island, 5 photo- 
graphic prints (gift). 

White Brothers, San Francisco, 
California: 1 board of teak, 1 board 
of Jenisero (gift). 

Williams, Ichabod T., and Sons, 
New York: 29 specimens of foreign 
woods (gift). 

Witte Memorial Museum, San 
Antonio, Texas: 1 plant specimen from 
Texas (gift). 

Woodworth, Dr. R. H., Cambridge, 
Massachusetts: 449 plant specimens 
from Barro Colorado Island (gift). 

Forest, Illinois: 1 plant specimen (gift). 

Yale University, School of For- 
estry, New Haven, Connecticut: 814 
plant specimens (gift) ; 1 1 wood samples 

Zetek, James, Balboa, Canal Zone: 
609 plant specimens from Barro Colo- 
rado Island, 6 photographic prints (gift). 


Alexander, C. I., Fort Worth, Texas: 
2 micro-fossils — Corsicana, Texas (gift). 

Below, Mr. and Mrs. J. R.; Mason, 
Miss Nan; and Patterson, Bryan, 
Chicago: 91 specimens of fossil plants 
— Galesburg, Illinois; 49 specimens of 
invertebrate fossils — Sag Canal, Illinois 

Below, J. R., and Patterson, 
Bryan, Chicago: 5 specimens of shark 
spines — Galesburg, Illinois (gift). 

Boomer, P. C, Chicago: 1 specimen 
of azurite — Phoenix, Arizona (gift). 

Bresky, Robert, Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of rhyolite showing flow structure — 
from drift between Lyons and Summit, 
Illinois (gift). 

Cawthron Institute, Nelson, New 
Zealand: 1 photograph of dragon fly; 1 
photograph of Aeschnidium (exchange). 

Central Commercial Company, 
Chicago: 42 specimens of gilsonite — 
Cuba (gift). 

Chalmers, William J., Chicago: 2 
specimens of petrified wood — Petrified 
Forest, Arizona; 1 specimen of mimetite 
— Tsumeb, Southwest Africa; 1 speci- 
men of sphalerite — Boulder, Colorado; 
1 large quartz geode — Hamilton, Illinois 

Chile Copper Company, Chuqui- 
camata, Chile: 2 specimens of large 
cephalopods — Chuquicamata, Chile 

Colorado Museum of Natural 
History, Denver, Colorado: polished 
section of stone meteorite — Cotesfield, 
Nebraska; cast of stone meteorite 

Dahlgren, Dr. B. E., Chicago: 7 
specimens of diamonds in matrix, 3 
specimens of diamond matrix, 1 speci- 
men of beryllium carbonate, 15 speci- 
mens of euxenite — Minas Geraes, Brazil; 
1 specimen of oil shale — Espirito Santo, 
Brazil (gift). 

Drasek, Frank von, Cicero, Illinois: 
22 pearls — Little Missouri River, Ar- 
kansas; 3 specimens of birds carved in 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


turquois, 1 specimen of animal head 
carved in turquois, 2 specimens of 
turquois, 2 figures of alabaster and 
turquois — Zuni, New Mexico; 69 speci- 
mens of minerals, ores and fossils — 
c New Mexico; 5 quartz crystals — Silver, 
Arkansas; 1 lot of crystal chips, Mur- 
freesboro, Arkansas; 1 cabochon cut 
chalcedony — Arkansas (gift). 

Edwards, Stafford C, Colton, 
California: 4 specimens of sand con- 
cretions — Colton, California (gift). 

Elvey, Dr. C. T., Williams Bay, 
Wisconsin: 2 specimens of Odessa 
meteorite — Odessa, Texas (gift). 

Feasel, Darrell, Amsden, Ohio: 
1 specimen of Spirifer mucronatus — 
Amsden, Ohio (gift). 

Field, Henry, Chicago: photograph 
of fossil skeleton of Archaeornis sie- 
mensii (gift). 

Field, Henry, and Patterson, 
Bryan, Chicago: 9 specimens of inver- 
tebrate fossils — stone quarry near 
Racine, Wisconsin (gift). 

Field, Henry; Patterson, Bryan; 
and Roy, Sharat K., Chicago: 349 
specimens of invertebrate fossils — Blue 
Island, Illinois (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 
Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
Thomas J. Newbill, Jr. (Expedition to 
Colorado): 9 specimens of vertebrate 
fossils, 3 specimens of invertebrate 
fossils — Plateau Creek, Colorado. 

Purchase: Section of agate — Uruguay. 

Glocke, Henry, Hebron, Indiana: 
1 pyrite concretion — Hebron, Indiana 

Guion, Le Roy P., Newton, Massa- 
chusetts: etched section of iron meteor- 
ite — Seneca Falls, New York (gift). 

Gunnell, E. M., Galesburg, Illinois: 
1 specimen of millerite on calcite — St. 
Louis, Missouri (exchange). 

HiNE, Ashley, Chicago: 1 specimen 
of white serpentine for talcum powder 
— Alberta, Canada (gift). 

Keester, Lieutenant-Commander 
J. H., Cicero, Illinois: 3 specimens of 
lava and ash — volcano of Katmai, 
Alaska (gift). 

King, Dr. Mabel, and Gordon, 
Miss Bertha F., Chicago: 11 specimens 
of fossil leaves— Braidwood, Illinois 


Lees, Arthur, and Mann, John, 
Oak Lawn, Illinois: 1 specimen of en- 
larged crinoid — Brown County, near 
Morgantown, Indiana (gift). 

Mercil, a. a., Chicago: 1 specimen 
of electrolytic nickel (gift). 

Mielke, Fred, Jr., Chicago: 1 speci- 
men of fossil plant — Braidwood, Illinois 


Nevel, W. D., Andover, Maine: 
1 specimen of pyrite — Boulder, Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Newman, A. T., Bloomer, Wisconsin: 
30 limonite concretions — Bloomer, Wis- 
consin; 4 sand-calcite concretions — 
Devil's Hill, South Dakota (gift). 

NiNiNGER, Professor H. H., Denver, 
Colorado: polished and etched slab of 
iron meteorite — Tlacotepec, Mexico (ex- 

Orbach, Mr. and Mrs. Leo, Chi- 
cago: skull of modern horse, Equus 
caball2is (gift). 

Ottawa Silica Company, Ottawa, 
Illinois: 1 specimen of glass sand, 1 
specimen of standard testing sand — 
Ottawa, Illinois (gift). 

Patterson, Bryan; Letl, Frank; 
and Newbill, Thomas J., Jr., Chicago: 
48 specimens of invertebrate fossils — 
Danville, Illinois (gift). 

Perry, A. E., Winett, Montana: 3 
photographs of fossil tracks (gift). 

PiCKHARDT, Carl, Chicago: glaciated 
copper boulder — Columbus, Wisconsin 

Plagamann, Otto, Pacific, Missouri: 
3 specimens eroded limestone — Pacific, 

Missouri (gift). 

Pryde, Leonard, Oglesby, Illinois: 
glaciated copper boulder — Oglesby, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

ROAT, Arthur, Red Lodge, Mon- 
tana: 14 specimens of raesolite — Red 
Lodge, Montana (gift). 

388 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Roper, Mrs. A. H., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois: group of staurolite crystals in 
mica schist — Rausin Lake, Wisconsin 

Roy, Sharat K., and Patterson, 
Bryan, Chicago: 23 specimens of inver- 
tebrate fossils — Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

Sampson, W. H., San Fernando, Cali- 
fornia: 2 photographs of finding of the 
"Welcome Stranger" gold nugget in 
1869 (gift). 

Seward, N. H., Melbourne, Australia: 
Igfire opal in matrix, 2 iron meteorites 
— Australia (gift). 

Spaak, Frank, Chicago: 20 speci- 
mens of mica, 7 specimens of miscel- 
laneous minerals — Province of Quebec, 
Canada (gift). 

Stewart, Blair W., South Bend, 
Indiana: 1 specimen of tennantite re- 
placing pyrite, 4 specimens of colusite, 
1 specimen of enargite crystals coated 
with tennantite — near Butte, Montana 

Stewart, Mrs. J. T., Chicago: 11 
clay concretions — Grand Junction, Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Stout, Thompson, and Hartman, 
Ed., Lewellen, Nebraska: 1 bone of 

Teleoceras fossiger, 3 teeth of Pliohippiis 
cf. leidijanus, skull and jaws of Cerato- 
gaulus — Lewellen, Nebraska (gift). 

United States National Museum. 
Washington, D.C.: skull of fossil pec- 
cary, Platygonus cumberlandensis — 
Cumberland, Maryland (exchange) ; cast 
of the Santa Fe meteorite (gift). 

Wallifer, C. p., Chicago: 1 mass of 
iron showing weathering phenomena- 
Bel oit, Wisconsin (gift). 

Walther, Herbert C, Chicago: 
1 specimen each of metallic uranium, 
cerium, manganese, potassium and 
sodium; 1 specimen of elemental phos- 
phorus; 1 specimen of ferrocerium; 1 
specimen of caesium ore; 1 specimen of 
tantalum ore; 17 specimens of garnet 

Wright, Albert W., Warsaw, Mis- 
souri: 1 specimen of laterite — Warsaw, 
Missouri (gift). 

YODER, Perry, Chicago: 7 specimens 
of limonite concretions — Bremen, In- 
diana (gift). 

Zimmerman, Edward A., Chicago: 
6 pearl oyster shells, 1 pearl — Takume 
Lagoon, Tuamotu Archipelago, French 
Oceania (gift). 


Allen, J. Morrow, Biloxi, Missis- 
sippi: 3 frogs, 7 salamanders, 9 snakes 
—Europe and Bolivia (exchange). 

American Museum of Natural 
History, New York: 1 bat with skull 
^Las Quiguas, Venezuela (exchange); 
6 bees— United States (gift). 

Auckland Institute and Museum, 
Auckland, New Zealand: 3 frogs, 6 
lizards^ — New Zealand (exchange). 

Bajalis, John, Chicago: 1 spider, 1 
bug — Monee, Illinois (gift). 

Benesh, Bernard, Chicago: 12 
beetles — United States, Canada, Costa 
Rica and Australia (gift). 

Bishop Museum, Bernice Pauahi, 
Honolulu, Hawaii: 65 lizards — Mar- 
quesas Islands (exchange). 

BoHMER, Dr. Olav, Chicago: 1 pair 
of mounted crossbills — Oslo, Norway 

Bond, Fred, Deerfield, Illinois: 1 
tiger salamander — Highland Park, Illi- 
nois (gift). 

Boulton, Rudyerd, Chicago: 17 
bird skeletons — Michigan, Wisconsin, 
Illinois; 4 bird skins — Illinois; 8 nest- 
ling birds in alcohol — Illinois (gift). 

Brander, Dunbar, Elgin, Scotland: 
1 red-shank, 1 snipe, 1 shelduck — 
Elgin, Scotland (gift). 

Brannen, William, Chicago: 1 ring- 
necked snake— Clifty Falls Park, In- 
diana (gift). 

British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), London, England: 411 mammal 
skins and skulls — French Indo-China 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Brodkorb, Pierce, Montpelier, 
Idaho: 4 mammal skins and skulls, 
1 white-crowned sparrow — Idaho (gift). 

Brundage, Edward, Jr., Lake Forest, 
Illinois: 120 insects — Illinois, Michigan 
and North Carolina (gift). 

Burt, Dr. Charles E., Winfield, 
Kansas: 2 frogs, 6 lizards, 11 snakes^ 
various localities (gift). 

California Institute of Tech- 
nology, Pasadena, California: 2 bats 
— Lower California, Mexico (exchange). 

Caribbean Biological Labora- 
tories, Biloxi, Mississippi: 4 lizards, 1 
snake — Buena Vista, Bolivia (exchange) . 

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 4 bats — Central and 
South America (exchange). 

Cascard, Ben, Chicago: 1 scorpion, 
1 millipede, 1 centipede, 1 wasp, 11 
beetles — Riverside County, California 

Chicago Academy of Sciences, Chi- 
cago: 1 gannet skin — Quebec, Canada 

Ciepiela, Leon, Chicago: 1 taran- 
tula — Chicago (gift). 

Clark, Miss Emily A., Wushishi, 
Nigeria: 1 snake and 2 heads — Wus- 
hishi, Nigeria (gift). 

Cockerell, Professor T. D. A., 
Boulder, Colorado: 18 bees, 11 shells — 
various localities (gift). 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago: 6 
bird skins, 16 bird skeletons — various 
localities (gift); 15 bird skins — various 
localities (exchange). 

Conover, Miss Helen, Waukegan, 
Illinois: 1 fox squirrel skin — Woodstock, 
Illinois (gift). 

COURSEN, C. B., Chicago: 5 nestling 
birds in alcohol — Chicago (gift). 

Cramer, Miss Bertha, Highland 
Park, Illinois: 1 old squaw duck skin 
— Highland Park, Illinois (gift). 

Crane, Cornelius, Chicago: 14 
water color paintings made on Crane 
Pacific Expedition (gift). 

Cutting, C. Suydam, New York: 
540 insects — Burma and Tibet (gift). 

Danforth, Dr. Stuart, Mayaguez, 
Puerto Rico: 15 toads, 56 frogs, 62 
lizards — Santa Lucia, West Indies (gift). 

Davis, D. Dwight, Naperville, Illi- 
nois: 2 porcupine skins and skulls, 1 
shrew skeleton, 2 bird skeletons, 2 
snakes, 5 turtles — Illinois (gift). 

Delacour, Jean, Cleres, France: 2 
squirrels, 1 tree shrew — French Indo- 
China (gift). 

Derby, William B., Chicago: 19 
mounted birds (gift). 

Elm Place School, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 bird skeleton (gift). 

Erwin, Richard P., Boise City, 
Idaho: 2 toads, 23 frogs, 45 lizards — 
Idaho (exchange). 

Eyman, Frank H., Chicago: 2 
young pickerel — Chippewa River, Wis- 
consin (gift). 

Faulk, Marty, Chicago: 1 diamond- 
back rattlesnake — Crane, Texas (gift). 

Field, Henry, Chicago: 6 European 
moles — Leicestershire, England; 4 bird 
skins — British Somaliland; 4 bats, 1 
mouse, 5 snakes, 34 lizards, 1 millipede, 
1 centipede, 2 scorpions, 1 solpugid— 
Arabia (gift). 

Field Museum of Natxhial History : 
Collected by Emmet R. Blake 
(Mandel-Field Museum Zoological Ex- 
pedition to Venezuela): 37 mammal 
skins and skulls, 882 birds, 36 frogs, 45 
lizards, 11 snakes, 4 eels — Venezuela. 

Collected by Llewelyn Williams (Mar- 
shall Field Botanical Expedition to the 
Amazon, 1929): 1 wasp and nest — 

Collected by Jean Delacour (Marshall 
Field Indo-Chinese Expedition): 219 
mammal skins and skulls, 2,008 birds — 
French Indo-China. 

Collected by Dr. S. E. Meek and S. 
F. Hildebrand (Smithsonian Biological 
Survey of the Canal Zone) : 404 amphib- 
ians and reptiles — Panama. 

Collected by John W. Moyer: 1 
pheasant, 3 bird skeletons — Illinois. 

Collected by Bryan Patterson and 
Thomas J. Newbill, Jr. (Expedition to 
Colorado, 1932): 2 snakes, 150 insects 

390 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Collected by Floyd T. Smith (Mar- 
shall Field Zoological Expedition to 
China): 3,081 mammal skins and skulls, 
1,489 birds, 1,177 frogs and lizards, 
159 snakes, 15 turtles, 836 fishes, 101 
invertebrates — China. 

Collected by Third Asiatic Expedi- 
tion of American Museum of Natural 
History with Field Museum cooperat- 
ing: 133 mammal skins and skulls, 1 
mammal skin with skeleton — China. 

Collected by Arthur S. Vernay, 
Herbert Lang, and Allan Chapman 
(Vernay-Lang Kalahari Expedition) : 
704 mammals, 1,528 birds, 363 toads 
and frogs, 622 lizards, 118 snakes, 38 
turtles, 4 crocodiles, 1,990 crustaceans 
- — South Africa. 

Collected by Walter A. Weber, Karl 
P. Schmidt, and Dr. A. W. Herre 
(Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition): 
7 birds' eggs, 83 fishes, 234 insects — 
East Indies, Fiji Islands, and Waigiu 

Collected by A. B. Wolcott: 28 
insects — Indiana. 

Purchases: 5 caribou skins with 
skulls — Alaska; 5 mammal skins with 
skulls — Australia; 14 mammal skins 
with skulls, 3 skeletons, 3 snakes —  
Brazil; 34 small mammals — China; 4 
small mammals with skulls — Costa 
Rica and Honduras; 6 newts, 3 frogs, 
1 glass snake, 4 snakes — Europe; 10 
small mammals with skulls — Russia. 

Fleetwood, Raymond J., Kurtz, 
Indiana: 1 short-tailed shrew skeleton 
— Kurtz, Indiana (gift). 

Fork, Miss Miriam, Flossmoor, Illi- 
nois: 2 milk snakes — Richton Park, 
Illinois (gift). 

Franzen, Albert J., Chicago: 3 
nestling birds in alcohol, 9 bird skeletons, 
1 DeKay's snake, 4 fleas, 25 bird-lice — 
Illinois (gift). 

General Biological Supply House, 
Chicago: 1 bat — Iowa; 1 axolotl — 
Mexico; 1 water snake — Kansas; 8 
fishes — Michigan and Wisconsin; 20 
fishes — Philippine Islands; 3 butter- 
flies and moths — India; 5 beetles — 
Iowa; 1 beetle, 5 shells — Florida (gift). 

Gerhard, W. J., Chicago: 188 in- 
sects — Illinois and Indiana (gift). 

Gloyd, Howard K., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 30 frogs, 10 salamanders. 

17 lizards, 47 snakes, 7 turtles — various 
localities (exchange). 

Green, Morris M., Ardmore, Penn- 
sylvania: 1 bog lemming — Virginia (ex- 

Gregg, Clifford C, Park Ridge, 
Illinois: 1 red-bellied snake, 114 in- 
sects — ^Illinois and Wisconsin (gift). 

Harris, W. P., Ann Arbor, Michigan: 
17 small mammals with skulls — Hon- 
duras (exchange). 

Haynie, Misses Nellie V. and 
Rachel W., Oak Park, Illinois: 444 
butterflies and moths — various coun- 
tries (gift). 

Heckman, Clarence, Marama, 
Nigeria: 1 lizard — Marama, Nigeria 

Hershkovitz, Philip, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania: 9 bats in alcohol, 4 
armadillo skins, skulls and skeletons, 
3 lizards, 1 eel, 1 centipede — Texas 

HiNE, Ashley, Chicago: 1 Wilson's 
snipe, 1 green heron, 1 cinnamon teal, 
1 cackling goose — various localities 

HoisiNGTON, Mrs. H. A., Olama, 
Cameroon: 20 Goliath beetles — southern 
Cameroon (gift). 

HoisiNGTON, Horace, Rockford, Illi- 
nois: 26 insects— Olama, Cameroon 

HuBBS, Dr. Carl L., Ann Arbor, 
Michigan: 1 beetle — Dune Park, In- 
diana (gift). 

HuiDEKOPER, Wallis, Twodot, Mon- 
tana: 1 American bison skin and skull 
— ^Twodot, Montana (gift). 

Hull, Clement, Salem, Ohio: 1 
hairy-tailed mole — Salem, Ohio (gift). 

Jensen, J. L., Chicago: 1 starling 
— Jutland, Denmark (gift). 

Kelman, James, Chicago: 1 prairie 
mole — Chicago (gift). 

Kerrins, Don, Chicago: 1 red-tailed 
hawk skeleton— St. Charles, Illinois 

Lang, Herbert, Pretoria, South 
Africa: 100 mammal skins, skulls and 
skeletons, 62 frogs, 1 lizard, 1 scorpion 
—South Africa (gift); 20 birds— South 
Africa (exchange). 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Laybourne, Edgar G., Homewood, 
Illinois: 1 spotted salamander — Crete, 
Illinois (gift). 

Leibold, Dr. A. A., Park Ridge, 
Illinois: 1 northern pike — Basswood 
Lake, Minnesota (gift). 

Lewy, Dr. a. M., Chicago: 1 Black- 
burnian warbler — Chicago (gift). 

Liljeblad, Emil, Chicago: 44 insects 
— Illinois (gift). 

Lincoln Park Commission, Chicago: 
1 orang — Chicago (gift). 

Longman, Dr. Heber, Brisbane, 
Australia: 1 Johnson's crocodile — 
Queensland (exchange). 

McNeill, Henry S., Chicago: 2 
bats — Chicago (gift). 

Malde, 0. G., Flossmoor, Illinois: 
1 hoary bat with two young— Flossmoor, 
Illinois (gift). 

Metzger, C. T., Chicago: 1 parrot 
skeleton (gift). 

Mooney, James J., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 least weasel — Deerfield, Illi- 
nois; 2 small mammal skeletons, 1 
starling skeleton, 2 salamanders — High- 
land Park, Illinois (gift). 

Moorman, Charles, Chicago: 1 
butterfly— Chicago (gift). 

Mosbacher, Walter Lee, Cor- 
poration, New York: 4 tanned frog 
skins— South America (gift). 

MoYER, John W., Chicago: 1 wood 
duck — Putnam, Illinois; 1 rose-breasted 
cockatoo (gift). 

Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Cambridge, Massachusetts: 3 lizards- 
Lower California, Mexico; 7 coral 
snakes, 1 turtle — various localities (ex- 

Musselman, T. E., Quincy, Illinois: 
1 albino grackle — Quincy, Illinois (gift). 

Neuenfeldt, E. R., Chicago: 1 
albino frog — Wisconsin (gift). 

Neville, Russell T., Kewanee, 
Illinois: 2 cave salamanders— ^Missouri 

O'CoNNELL, Mrs. Frank, Chicago: 
1 small boa (gift). 

Ortenburger, Dr. A. I., Norman, 
Oklahoma: 3 frogs— Stillwater, Okla- 

-various localities 

homa (gift); 3 frogs- 

Osgood, Dr. Wilfred H., Chicago: 
3 bobwhite skins — Illinois (gift). 

Page, W. C, Hubbard Woods, Illi- 
nois: 1 New York weasel — Glencoe, 
Illinois (gift). 

Pearsall, Gordon S., Batavia, Illi- 
nois: 1 nestling screech owl — Batavia, 
Illinois; 1 prairie mole — Muskegon, 
Michigan (gift). 

Perkins, R. Marlin, St. Louis, 
Missouri: 1 Mexican chicken snake — 
Colima, Mexico (gift). 

Peters, Erhard N., Leland, Michi- 
gan: 1 millipede — Leland, Michigan 

PiRiB, John T., Lake Forest, Illinois: 
1 red-shouldered hawk — near Chicago 

Plath, Karl, Chicago: 4 bird skele- 
tons — various localities (gift); 7 bird 
skeletons (exchange). 

Ringer, Mrs. Harry L., Chicago: 
8 humming bird skins — South America 

Roosevelt, Colonel Theodore, 
Manila, Philippine Islands: 999 shells 
— Philippine Islands (gift), 

Rosenberg, W. F. H., London, 
England: 23 bird skins — Angola, Africa; 
5 bird skins — East Africa and Mada- 
gascar; 28 bird skins — various localities 

Saeger, Captain Fred G., Miami, 
Florida: 1 large green moray — near 
Miami, Florida (gift). 

Saer, Jose, Barquisimeto, Venezuela: 
42 insects— near Barquisimeto, Vene- 
zuela (gift). 

Sanborn, Colin C, Highland Park, 
Illinois: 1 red-shouldered hawk — High- 
land Park; 2 bluebird skeletons (gift). 

SCHENCK, S. Z., Chicago: 1 king rail 
skin — Illinois (gift). 

Schmidt, F. J. W., Madison, Wiscon- 
sin: 9 frogs, 4 lizards, 7 snakes— Wis- 
consin (gift). 

Sella, Emil, Chicago: 1 roach — 
Chicago (gift). 

392 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Shedd, John G., Aquarium, Chicago: 
1 manatee, 1 hawkbill turtle skeleton, 
1 albino short-nosed gar — various locali- 
ties; 1 albino mud-puppy — Oshkosh, 
Wisconsin; 1 lion fish— Samoa; 1 
wrymouth — Maine; 1 wrasse (gift). 

Simpson, James, Chicago: 2 mounted 
black cock, 2 red grouse, 2 gray par- 
tridges — Scotland; 1 Indian markhor 
skin and skull — India (gift). 

Simpson, John M., and Armour, A. 
Watson, III, Chicago: 3 topi skins and 
skulls, 3 gnu skins and skulls — Tan- 
ganyika, Africa (gift). 

Sperry, Charles C, Denver, Colo- 
rado: 1 lizard — Paradox Valley, Colo- 
rado (gift). 

Stewart, Q., Chicago: 1 timber 
rattlesnake— West Virginia (gift). 

Stokes, Miss Jessie, Chicago: 3 
young chimney swifts and nest — Henry, 
Illinois (gift). 

Strohecker, Dr. H. F., Macon, 
Georgia: 30 grasshoppers, 4 katydids 
— Macon, Georgia (gift). 

Sturgis, Mrs. Elizabeth H., Lake 
Forest, Illinois: 32 mounted humming 
birds and case — South America (gift). 

Thompson, George, Chicago: 1 
salamander — Hebron, Indiana (gift). 

Thompson, J. Eric, Chicago: 1 
silver-haired bat skeleton — Chicago 

Thompson, Colonel Lewis S., Red 
Bank, New Jersey: 10 fishes — Florida 

Thompson, Stuart L., Toronto, 
Canada: 4 bugs, 100 beetles — Toronto, 
Canada (gift). 

Thompson, W. H., Chicago: 1 
American bittern skeleton — Chicago 

United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C.: 2 flies — Smith River, 
California (exchange). 

University of Chicago, Chicago: 
12 birds in alcohol — Galapagos Islands; 
2 caecilians, 26 frogs, 27 turtles, 35 
snakes, 279 lizards, 1 sphenodon, 37 
fishes — various localities; 1 centipede — 
Arkalon, Kansas (gift). 

Walker, William, Chicago: 2 prairie 
rattlesnakes — Benton Harbor, Michi- 
gan (gift). 

Watkins, Miss Irene, Wushishi, 
Nigeria: 1 nerve-winged insect — Bauchi 
Plateau, Nigeria (gift). 

Weber, Walter A., Highland Park, 
Illinois: 2 bird skeletons — Illinois (gift). 

Weed, Alfred C, Chicago: 34 
snakes, 1 butterfly — Chicago (gift). 

Werner, Dr. Franz, Vienna, Aus- 
tria: 1 African dwarf crocodile — Togo, 
Africa (exchange). 

Wild, A. C, Chicago: 1 butterfly- 
Beach, Illinois (gift). 

Wolcott, Albert B., Downers Grove, 
Illinois: 194 insects — Illinois (gift). 

Wolfe, Captain L. R., Chicago: 
24 nestling birds in alcohol — Illinois 

Wonder, Frank C, Chicago: 4 
bird skeletons — Fox Lake, Illinois (gift). 

Wood, James H., Ann Arbor, Michi- 
gan: 1 copperhead — Michigan (gift). 

Zimmerman, Edward A., Chicago: 
10 corals, 3 shells — Tuamotu Archi- 
pelago, French Oceania (gift). 


Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul 
and Pacific Railway Company, Chi- 
cago: 199 colored slides on China 
(permanent loan). 

Department of the Interior, 
Canada: 1 motion picture film, The 
Beaver People (permanent loan). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 
From Division of Photography: 50 
slides for lecture use. 

Methodist Book Concern, Chicago: 
200 slides on various subjects (purchase) . 

United Fruit Company, Boston: 2 
motion picture films, The Beckoning 
Tropics (gift). 

United States Steel Company, New 
York: 1 motion picture film. Sheet and 
Wire Steel (gift). 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 



Blaschke, Frederick, Cold Spring- 
on-Hudson, New York: portrait of the 
horse "Man o' War" (gift). 

Field Museum of Natural History: 

Made by Division of Photography: 

10,088 prints, 1,730 negatives, 84 

lantern slides, 92 enlargements, and 

37 transparent labels. 

Developed for expeditions: 38 nega- 

Made by Bryan Patterson: 41 general 
views of Colorado. 

Made by Floyd T. Smith: 14 rolls of 
film pictures, 16 film negatives, and 99 
prints of views in China. 

Made by L. C. Watelin: 28 negatives 
of excavations at Kish. 

Purchases: 18 prints of scenes in 
ancient Egypt, from Lehnert and Land- 
rock, Cairo, Egypt; 9 prints repre- 
senting prehistoric life, from London 
Museum, England. 

White, Captain Harold A., New 
York: 32 views of landscapes and 
portraits of animals (gift). 

List of Donors of Gifts 
foreign institutions 

Botaniska Institutionen, Upsala, 

Canadian Arctic Expedition, Ottawa, 

Carnegie Corporation, Union of South 
Africa, Johannesburg. 

Corporation Museum and Art Gal- 
lery, Stoke-on-Trent, Great Britain. 

Escola Polytechnica, Sao Paulo, 

Exploration Fund, Jerusalem, Pales- 

Fisheries Society of Japan, Tokyo. 

Imperial Agricultural Experiment 
Station, Tokyo, Japan. 

Indian Lac Research Institute, Cal- 
cutta, India. 

Institut d'Ethnologie, Paris, France. 

Instituto Historico e Geographico, 
Pari, Brazil. 

Institut Scientifique de Recherches 
g^ographiques et g6ochimiques en Asie, 
Teheran, Persia. 

Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sun- 
light, Great Britain. 

Marine Biologist, Colombo, Ceylon. 
Ministerio de Relaciones y Culto, 
Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
Museo Comercial, Caracas, Venezuela. 

Museum and Art Gallery, Sheffield, 
Great Britain. 

Neues Museum fiir darstellende und 
angewandte Naturkunde, Salzburg, 

Queensland Forestry Service, Bris- 
bane, Australia. 

Queensland Government Mining 
Journal, Brisbane, Australia. 

Research Grant Board, Cape Town, 

Rijks Universiteit, Groningen, 

Royal Zoological Society, Dublin, 

Scola Politehnica, Bucharest, 

Societas Phytogeographica, Kyoto, 

Society for the Preservation of the 
Fauna of the Empire, Hertford, Great 

Tokyo University of Literature and 
Science, Tokyo, Japan. 

Travelers' Official Information 
Bureau, Batavia, Java. 

West China Border Research Society, 
Chengtu, China. 

Wiirttembergischer Verein fiir Han- 
delsgeographie, Stuttgart, Germany. 

domestic institutions 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Carson City, Nevada. 

Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Manhattan, Kansas. 

American Council of Learned Socie- 
ties, Washington, D.C. 

American Institute for Persian Arts 
and Archaeology, New York. 

394 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

American Polish Chamber of Com- 
merce, New York. 

American Railway Development Asso- 
ciation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

American Relief Administration, Stan- 
ford University, California. 

Amtorg Trading Corporation, New 

Association for the Study of Negro 
Life and History, Washington, D.C. 

Bingham Oceanographic Collection, 
New York. 

Bird Banding Research Laboratory, 
Gates Mills, Ohio. 

Black Diamond, Chicago. 

Black Hills Engineer, Rapid City, 
South Dakota. 

Briish Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Carnegie Corporation of New Y'ork. 

Carnegie Institution of Washington, 
Washington, D.C. 

Chase National Bank, New York. 

Century of Progress, Chicago. 

Chicago Association of Commerce, 

Children's Museum, Boston, Massa- 

Children's Museum, Hartford, Con- 

Children's Museum, Indianapolis, 

Conservation Department, Albany, 
New York. 

Cranbrook Institute of Science, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 

Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colo- 

Department of Agriculture, Dairy 
and Food, St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Department of Agriculture, Sacra- 
mento, California. 

Department of Conservation, Spring- 
field, Illinois. 

Drew University, Madison, New 

E.xplorers' Society, New York. 

Fogg Art Museum, Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Garden Club of America, New York. 
General Biological Supply House, 

Geological Survey, Columbus, Ohio. 
Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado. 

Hawaiian Entomological Society, 
Honolulu, Hawaii. 

Henry E. Huntington Library and 
Art Gallery, San Marino, California. 

Historical Commission, Harrisburg, 

Illinois Bell Telephone Company, 

Indiana Audubon Society, Indian- 

Izaak Walton League of America, 

Japanese Embassy, Washington, D.C. 
Junior Society of Natural Sciences, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Kentucky University, College of 
Agriculture, Lexington. 

Kentucky University, Department of 
Anthropology and Archaeology, Lex- 

Louisiana State University, Baton 

Museum Association, San Antonio, 

Museum of Arts, Philadelphia, Penn- 

Museum of History, Science and Art, 
Los Angeles, California. 

Parnassus, New York. 

Peabody Conservatory of Music, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

Perkins Institute and Massachusetts 
School for the Blind, Boston. 

Riverside Public Library, Riverside, 

Scientific American Publishing Com- 
pany, New Y^ork. 

State Bureau of Mines and Geology, 
Butte, Montana. 

State Geological Survey, Topeka, 

Stone Publishing Company, New 

Taylor Instrument Companies, 
Rochester, New York. 

Topographical and Geological Survey, 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Union College, Schenectady, New 

United Fruit Company, New York. 

United States Industrial Chemical 
Company, New York. 

University of Nevada, Carson City. 

War Department, Engineer School 
Library, Washington, D.C. 

Western Reserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

World Calendar Association, New 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 



Altsheler, Brent, Louisville, Ken- 

Ames, Oakes, Cambridge, Massa- 

Anderson, Robert Van V., Menlo 
Park, California. 

D'Arrigo, Agatino, Rome, Italy. 

Arsene, Rev. Bro. G., Las Vegas, New 

Bancroft, Dr. Helen, Oxford, England. 

Barnes, R. Magoon, Lacon, Illinois. 

Bamhart, Arthur, Chicago. 

Bassler, Dr. Harvey, Myerstown, 

Bay, Dr. J. Christian, Chicago. 

Belehradek, Jan, Briinn, Czecho- 

Benesh, Bernard, North Chicago, 

Benjamin, Dr. H. D., The Hague, 

Bergdolt, Ernst, Munich, Germany. 

Boerschmann, Ernst, Berlin, Ger- 

Boetticher, Hans v., Coburg, Ger- 

Bull, Norris L., Hartford, Con- 

Burrill, A. C, Jefferson City, Mis- 

Conover, Boardman, Chicago. 
Cornell, Margaret, Chicago. 

Davis, D. Dwight, Naperville, Illi- 

Dreyer, T. F., Cape Town, South 

Eckstorm, Mrs. F.H., Brewer, Maine. 
Erwin, Arthur T., Ames, Iowa. 

Farrington, Oliver C, Chicago. 

Farwell, Oliver A., Detroit, Michigan. 

Fedtshenko, Boris A., Leningrad, 

Ferguson, John C, Peiping, China. 

Field, Henry, Chicago. 

Field, Stanley, Chicago. 

Fligelman, Frieda, Paris, France. 

Franck, George M., Chengtu, China. 

FVankenberg, Dr. G. v., Braun- 
schweig, Germany. 

Frost, S. W., Arendtsville, Penn- 

Gerhard, William J., Chicago. 
Geyer, Eberhard, Vienna, Austria. 
Ginsburg, Isaac, Washington, D.C. 
Gloyd, Howard K., Ann Arbor, 

Goodwin, A. J. H., Cape Town, 

Gordon, Bertha F., Chicago. 

Green, Gretchen, Chicago. 

Gregg, Clifford C, Park Ridge, Illi- 

Gusinde, Martin, Vienna, Austria. 

Guthe, Carl E., Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Heilborn, Otto, Stockholm, Sweden. 

Hill, W. C. Osman, Colombo, Ceylon. 

Hine, Ashley, Chicago. 

Hochreutiner, B. P. G., Geneva, 

Holland, Leicester B., Washington, 

Jones, Neville, Bulawayo, Rhodesia. 
Jongmans, W. J., Heerlen, Nether- 

Kappelmann, Hans, Dresden, Ger- 

Kelso, Leon, Washington, D.C. 
Keogh, Mrs. James B., Chicago. 
King, Mabel A., Chicago. 
Kitamura, Siro, Kyoto, Japan. 

Langdon, Stephen, Oxford, England. 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold, Chicago. 

LefRngwell, Anne Laclay, Pullman, 

Lehmann, E., Giessen, Germany. 

Liljeblad, Emil, Chicago. 

Linton, Dr. Ralph, Madison, Wis- 

Macbride, J. FVancis, Chicago. 
McNair, James B., Chicago. 
Martinez, Maximino, Mexico City, 

Menzies, T. P. O., Vancouver, B.C. 
Meylan, O., Geneva, Switzerland. 

Netting, Graham, Pittsburgh, Penn- 

Neugebauer, Kazimierz, Warsaw, Po- 

Nichols, Henry W., Chicago. 

Oppenheim, Dr. Baron Max von, 
Berlin, Germany. 

Osten, Cornelio, Montevideo, Uru- 

Panshin, Alexis J., Manila, Philip- 
pine Islands. 

Patterson, Bryan, Chicago. 

Pop, E. Cluj, Rumania. 

Probst, Rudolf, Langendorf, Ger- 

Reed, Howard S., Riverside, Cali- 

396 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Rehder, Alfred, Jamaica Plain, Massa- 

Reich, Nathaniel Julius, Philadelphia, 

Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago. 

Roy, Sharat K., Chicago. 

Sampaio, A. J. de, Rio de Janeiro, 

Sawada, Kaneyoshi, Taihoku, 

Schmalz, Gustav, Offenbach, Ger- 

Schoute, J. C, Amsterdam, Nether- 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E., Chicago. 

Simms, Stephen C, Chicago. 

Standley, Paul C, Chicago. 

Starr, Frederick, Seattle, Washington. 

Steinmayer, R. A., New Orleans, 

Stewart, Frank H., Woodbury, New 

Stuckert, Teodoro, Buenos Aires, 

Tchang, Yung-tai, Paris, France. 
Thompson, J. Eric, Chicago. 

Verdoorn, Fr., Utrecht, Holland. 
Vincent, Edith M., Chicago. 

Welch, M. B., Sydney, Australia. 

Weld, Lewis H., East Falls Church, 

Weninger, Josef, Vienna, Austria. 

Wheeler, H. E., Birmingham, Ala- 

White, J. M., Dublin, Ireland. 

Wilson, Henry Van Peters, Chapel 
Hill, North Carolina. 

Wimmer, F. E., Vienna, Austria. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 



Marshall Field* 


Those who have contributed $100,000 or more to the Museum 

Ayer, Edward E.* 

Buckingham, Miss 
Kate S. 

Crane, Cornelius 
Crane, R. T., Jr.* 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
* Deceased 

Field, Joseph N.* 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley- 
Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W.* 
Higinbotham, Harlow N. 

Kelley, William V.* 

Pullman, George M.* 

Raymond, Mrs. Anna 

Raymond, James Nelson* 

Simpson, James 
Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.* 

Breasted, Professor 
James H. 

Chalmers, William J. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
Field, Marshall 

Ayer, Mrs. Edward E. 


Those who have rendered eminent service to Science 

Field, Stanley 
Graham, Ernest R. 
Harris, Albert W. 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf 
Adolf, Crown Prince of 

McCormick, Stanley 

Deceased, 1932 

Kelley, William V. 
Ryerson, Martin A. 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simpson, James 
Sprague, Albert A. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

Rosenwald, Julius 


Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum 

Armour, Allison V. 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chancellor, Philip M. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

InsuU, Samuel 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Langdon, Professor 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 
White, Howard J. 

Coats, John 

Deceased, 1932 

Kunz, George F. 

398 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Scientists or patrons of science, residing in foreign countries, who have rendered 

eminent service to the Museum 

Black, Dr. Davidson 
Breuil, Abbe Henri 

Diels, Dr. Ludwig 

Keith, Professor 
Sir Arthur 

Langdon, Professor 

Smith, Professor Grafton 


Those who have contributed $1,000 to $100,000 to the Mmeum 
in money or materials 

Gunsaulus, Dr. F. W.* 

InsuU, Samuel 

$75,000 to $100,000 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Rawson, Frederick H. 

MacLean, Mrs. M. 

Moore, Mrs. William H. 

$50,000 to $75,000 
Keep, Chauncey* 

Rosenwald, Mrs. 
Augusta N.* 
Ryerson, Martin A.* 

$25,000 to $50,000 

Blackstone, Mrs. 
Timothy B.* 

Coats, John* 
Crane, Charles R. 

Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Jones, Arthur B.* 

Porter, George F.* 

Rosenwald, Julius* 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 

$10,000 to $25,000 

Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, P. D.* 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, R. F.* 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Everard, R. T.* 

* Deceased 

McCormick, Cyrus 

McCormick, Stanley 
Mitchell, John J.* 

Reese, Lewis* 
Robb, Mrs. George W. 
Rockefeller Foundation, 

Schweppe, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Strong, Walter A.* 

Wrigley, William, Jr.* 

$5,000 to $10,000 

Adams, George E.* 
Adams, Milward* 

Bartlett, A. C* 
Bishop, Heber (Estate) 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 

Crane, R. T.* 

Doane, J. W.* 

Fuller, William A.* 

Graves, George Coe, II 

Harris, Hayden B. 
Harris, Norman Dwight 
Harris, Mrs. Norman W.* 
Hutchinson, C. L.* 

Keith, Edson* 

Langtry, J. C. 

Pearsons, D. K.* 
Porter, H. H.* 

Ream, Norman B.* 
Revell, Alexander H.* 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Sprague, A. A.* 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Thome, Bruce 
Tree, Lambert* 

$1,000 to $5,000 

American Friends of 

Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.* 

Barrett, Samuel E. 
Bensabott, R., Inc. 
Blair, Watson F.* 
Borden, John 

Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Crane, Mrs. R. T., Jr. 
Cummings, Mrs. 
Robert F. 

Doering, 0. C. 

Field, Henry 

Graves, Henry, Jr. 
Gunsaulus, Miss Helen 

Hibbard, W. G.* 
Higginson, Mrs. 

Charles M. 
Hill, James J.* 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Hixon, Frank P.* 
Hughes, Thomas S. 

Jackson, Huntington W.* 
James, S. L. 

Lee Ling Yiin 

Manierre, George* 
Martin, Alfred T.* 
McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus* 

* Dhxieasbd 

Ogden, Mrs. Frances E.* 

Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 

Rauchfuss, Charles F. 
Raymond, Charles E. 
Reynolds, Earle H. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Martin A. 

Schwab, Martin C. 
Shaw, William W. 

Sherff, Dr. Earl E. 
Smith, Byron L.* 
Sprague, Albert A, 

Thompson, E. H. 
Thome, Mrs. Louise E. 

VanValzah, Dr. Robert 
VonFrantzius, Fritz* 

Willis. L. M. 


Armour, Allison V. 

Borden, John 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 
Byram, Harry E. 

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily 

Chalmers, William J. 
Chancellor, Philip M. 
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C. 
Cherrie, George K. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cummings, Mrs. 

Robert F. 
Cutting, C. Suydam 

Day, Lee Garnett 

Ellsworth, Duncan S. 

Coats, John 

Field, Mrs. E. Marshall 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 

Graham, Ernest R. 

Harris, Albert W. 

Insull, Samuel 

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw 
Knight, Charles R. 

Langdon, Professor 

McCormick, Cyrus H. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Mrs. William H. 

Deceased, 1932 

Kelley, William V. 

Payne, John Barton 
Probst, Edward 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
Richardson, George A. 
Roosevelt, Kermit 
Roosevelt, Theodore 

Sargent, Homer E. 
Simms, Stephen C. 
Simpson, James 
Smith, Mrs. George T. 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Strawn, Silas H. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

White, Harold A. 
White, Howard J. 

Kunz, George F. 

Ryerson, Martin A. 

Wrigley, William, Jr. 


Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum 

Abbott, John Jay 
Abbott, Robert S. 
Adler, Max 
Aldis, Arthur T. 
Alexander, William A. 
AUerton, Robert H. 
Ames, James C. 
Armour, A. Watson 
Armour, Allison V. 
Armour, Lester 
Armour, Mrs. Ogden 
Armstrong, Mrs. Frank H. 
Asher, Louis E. 
Avery, Sewell L. 

Babcock, Frederick R. 
Babson, Henry B. 

Bacon, Edward 

Richardson, Jr. 
Banks, Alexander F. 
Barrett, Mrs. A. D. 
Barrett, Robert L. 
Bartlett, Miss Florence 

Bassford, Lowell C. 
Baur, Mrs. Jacob 
Bendix, Vincent 
Bensabott, R. 
Bermingham, Edward J. 
Billings, C. K. G. 
Blaine, Mrs. Emmons 
Blair, Chauncey B. 
Block, L. E. 
Block, Philip D. 

Booth, W. Vernon 
Borden, John 
Borden, Mrs. Waller 
Borland, Chauncey B. 
Boynton, Mrs. C. T. 
Brassert, Herman A. 
Brewster, Walter S. 
Brown, Charles Edward 
Browne, Aldis J. 
Buchanan, D. W. 
Budd, Britton I. 
Buffington, Eugene J. 
Burnham, John 
Burt, William G. 
Butler, Julius W. 
Butler, Rush C. 
Byram, Harry E. 

400 Field Musexjm of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Carpenter, Augiistus A. 
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard 
Carr, George R. 
Carr, Robert F. 
Carr, Walter S. 
Carton, L. A. 
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice 
Chalmers, William J. 
Chalmers, Mrs. William J. 
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne 
Clark, Eugene B. 
Clay, John 

Clegg, Mrs. Henry G. 
Clegg, William G. 
Clegg, Mrs. William G. 
Clow, William E. 
Collins, William M. 
Conover, Boardman 
Cooke, George A. 
Coolbaugh, Miss 

WUhelmine F. 
Corley, F. D. 
Cowles, Alfred 
Cramer, Corwith 
Cramer, E. W. 
Cramer, Mrs. 

Katharine S. 
Crane, Charles R. 
Crossett, Edward C. 
Crossley, Lady Josephine 
Crossley, Sir Kenneth 
Crowell, H. P. 
Cudahy, Edward A. 
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr. 
Cudahy, Joseph M. 
Cunningham, Frank S. 
Cunningham, James D. 
Gushing, Charles G. 
Cutten, Arthur W. 

Dau, J. J. 
Da\ies, Mrs. D. C. 
Dawes, Charles G. 
Dawes, Henry M. 
Dawes, Rufus C. 
Day, Albert M. 
Decker, Alfred 
Delano, Frederic A. 
Dick, Albert Blake 
Dierssen, Ferdinand W. 
Dixon, George W. 
Dixon, Homer L. 
Donnelley, Thomas E. 
Doyle, Edward J. 
Drake, John B. 
Drake, Tracy C. 
Dreyfus, Molse 
Durand, Scott S. 

Eckstein, Louis 
Edmunds, Philip S. 
Epstein, Max 
Everitt, George B. 

Ewing, Charles Hull 

Famum, Henrj' W. 
Farr, Xewton Camp 
Farr, Miss Shirley 
Farrington, Dr. Oliver C. 
Farwell, Arthur L. 
Farwell, Francis C. 
Farwell, John V. 
Farwell, Walter 
Fay, C. N. 
Fenton, Howard W. 
Fentress, Cahin 
Ferguson, Louis A. 
Femald, Charles 
Field, Joseph Nash, II 
Field, Marshall 
Field, Norman 
Reld, Mrs. Norman 
Field, Stanley 
Field, Mrs. Stanley 
Florsheim, Milton S. 

Gardner, Paul E. 
Gardner, Robert A. 
Gartz, A. F., Jr. 
Gary, Mrs. .John W. 
Getz, George F. 
Gilbert, Huntly H. 
Glessner, John J. 
Glore, Charles F. 
Goddard, Leroy A. 
Goodman, William 0. 
Goodrich, A. W. 
Goodspeed, Charles B, 
Gowing, J. Parker 
Graham, Ernest R. 
Griffiths, John 
Griscom, Clement A. 

Hack, Frederick C. 
Hamill, Alfred E. 
HamUl, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Harris, Albert W. 
Harris, Norman W. 
Haskell, Frederick T. 
Hastings, Samuel M. 
Hayes, William F. 
Hecht, Frank A., Jr. 
Hibbard, Frank 
Hickox, Mrs. Charles V. 
Hill, Louis W. 
Hinde, Thomas W. 
Hinkley, James Otis 
Hippach, Louis A. 
Hixon, Robert 
Hopkins, J. M. 
Hopkins, L. J. 
Horowitz, L. J. 
Hoyt, N. Landon 
Hughes, Thomas S. 
Hurley, Edw^ard N. 
Hutchins, James C. 

Insull, Martin J. 
Insull, Samuel 
Insull, Samuel, Jr. 

Jarnagin, William N. 
Jelke, John F., Jr. 
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth 

Joiner, Theodore E. 
Jones, Mrs. Arthur B. 
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn 

Kelley, Mrs. Daphne 

Kelley, Russell P. 
Kelly, D. F. 
Kidston, William H. 
King, Charles Garfield 
King, James G. 
Kirk, Walter Radclifie 

Charles K. 
Kuppenheimer, Louis B. 

Lamont, Robert P. 
Legge, Alexander 
Lehmann, E. J. 
Leonard, Clifford M. 
Leopold, Mrs. Harold E. 
Le\'y, Mrs. Da\'id M. 
Linn, Mrs. Dorothy C. 
Logan, Spencer H. 
Lord, John B. 
Lowden, Frank 0. 
Lytton, George 
Lytton, Henry C. 

MacDowell, Charies H. 
MacLeish, John E. 
MacVeagh, Eames 
MacVeagh, Franklin 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F. 
Mark, Clayton 
Marshall, Benjamin H. 
Mason, William S. 
McCormick, Cyrus H. 
McCormick, Harold F. 
McCormick, Stanley 
McCutcheon, John T. 
McGann, Mrs. Robert G. 
Mcllvaine, William B. 
Mclnnemey, Thomas H. 
McKinlay, John 
McKinlock, George 

McLaughlin, Frederic 
McLennan, D. R. 
McLennan, Hugh 
McNulty, T. J. 
Meyer, Carl 
Meyne, Gerhardt F. 
Mitchell, William H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morse, Charles H., Jr. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Morton, Joy 
Morton, Mark 
Munroe, Charles A. 
Murphy, Walter P. 

Newell, A. B. 
Nikolas, G. J. 
Noel, Joseph R. 

O'Brien, John J. 
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S. 
Orr, Robert M. 

Paesch, Charles A. 
Palmer, Honore 
Palmer, Potter 
Patten, Henry J. 
Patten, Mrs. James A. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Payne, John Barton 
Payson, George S. 
Peabody, Augustus S. 
Peabody, Stuy\-esant 
Perkins, Herbert F. 
Pick, Albert 
Piez, Charles 
Pike, Charles B. 
Pike, Eugene R. 
Poppenhusen, Conrad H. 
Porter, Frank W. 
Porter, Gilbert E. 
Porter, H. H. 

Rawson, Frederick H. 
RajTnond, Mrs. Anna 

Rea, Mrs. Robert L. 
Reynolds, Arthur 
Reynolds, Earle H. 

Austrian, Alfred S. 

Billings, Dr. Frank 
Blair, Henry A. 
Boyd, Thomas M. 

Coburn, Mrs. Lewis L. 
Cummings, D. Mark 

Reynolds, George M. 
Riley, Harrison B. 
Robinson, Theodore W. 
Robson, Miss Alice 
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine 

Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Rosenwald, William 
Runnells, Clive 
Russell, Edmund A. 
Russell, Edward P. 
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Martin A. 

Sargent, Fred Wesley 
Schweppe, Charles H. 
Scott, George E. 
Scott, Harold N. 
Seabury, Charles W. 
Shaffer, John C. 
Shirk, Joseph H. 
Simpson, James 
Simpson, William B. 
Smith, Alexander 
Smith, Solomon A. 
Spalding, Keith 
Spalding, Vaughan C. 
Sprague, Albert A. 
Sprague, Mrs. Albert A. 
Stern, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Stevens, Eugene M. 
Stewart, Robert W. 
Stirton, Robert C. 
Storey, W. B. 
Strawn, Silas H. 
Stuart, Harry L. 
Stuart, John 
Stuart, R. Douglas 

Deceased, 1932 

Ferry, Mrs. Abby Farwell 
Fleming, John C. 

Kelley, William V. 

McCormick, Mrs. Edith 

Rosenwald, Julius 

Sturges, George 
Sunny, B. E. 
Swift, Charles H. 
Swift, G. F., Jr. 
Swift, Harold H. 
Swift, Louis F. 

Thome, Charies H. 
Thorne, Robert J. 
Traylor, Mehin A. 
Tree, Ronald L. F. 
Tyson, Russell 

L^ihlein, Edgar J. 
Underwood, Morgan P. 

Valentine, Louis L. 
Veatch, George L. 
Viles, Lawrence M. 

Wanner, Harry C. 
Ward, P. C. 
Warner, Ezra Joseph 
Weber, Da\id 
Welch, Mrs. Edvi-in P. 
Welling, John P. 
■^Tiitney, Mrs. Julia L. 
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward L. 
Wieboldt, WDliam A. 
WiUard, Alonzo J. 
Willits, Ward W. 
Wilson, John P. 
Wilson, Thomas E. 
Wilson, Walter H. 
Winston, Garrard B. 
Winter, Wallace C. 
Woolley, Clarence M. 
Wrigley, Philip K. 

Yates, Da\-id M. 

Ryerson, Martin A. 

Scott, John W. 
Stevens, Charles A. 
Studebaker, Clement, -Jr. 
Swift, Edward F. 

"^Tieeler, Charies P. 
"Wrigley, William, Jr. 


Those, residing fifty miUs or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
cantributed $1 00 to the Museum 

Coolidge. Harold J., Jr. 
Copley, Ira Cliff 

Ellis, Ralph, Jr. 

Landon, Mrs. Jessie 

Rosenwald, Lessing J. 
Deceased, 1932 
Da\'is, Livingston 

Stephens, W. C. 
Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. 

Vernay, Arthur S. 

402 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


Those who have contributed $1 00 to the Museum 

Aaron, Charles 
Aaron, Ely M. 
Abbott, Donald 

Putnam, Jr. 
Abbott, Gordon C. 
Abbott, Guy H. 
Abbott, William L. 
Abbott, W. Rufus 
Abrams, Professor Dufif A. 
Ackerman, Charles N. 
Adamick, Gustav H. 
Adams, Benjamin Stearns 
Adams, Mrs. Frances 

Adams, John Q. 
Adams, Joseph 
Adams, Mrs. S. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Samuel 
Adams, William C. 
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie 
Addleman, Samuel W. 
Adler, David 
Adler, Mrs. Max 
Affleck, Benjamin F. 
Ahlschlager, Walter W. 
Albee, Mrs. Harry W. 
Albert, Miss Minnie A. 
Allais, Arthur L. 
AUbright, William B. 
Allen, Mrs. Fred G. 
Allensworth, A. P. 
Ailing, Mrs. C. A. 
Ailing, Mrs. VanWagenen 
Almes, Dr. Herman E. 
Alschuler, Alfred S. 
Alsip, Charles H. 
Alter, Harry 
Alton, Carol W\ 
Andersen, Arthur 
Anderson, Mrs. Harry 
Andreen, Otto C. 
Andrews, Alfred B. 
Andrews, Mrs. E. C. 
Andrews, Milton H. 
Anstiss, George P. 
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E. 
Armbrust, John T. 
Armbruster, Charles A. 
Armour, A. Watson, III 
Armour, Philip D. 
Armstrong, Arthur W. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian 
Am, W. G. 

Artingstall, Samuel G., Jr. 
Ascher, Fred 
Ashby, W. B. 
Ash craft, Raymond M. 
Ashenhurst, Harold S. 

Atkinson, Charles T. 
Atwater, Walter Hull 
Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A. 
A.ustin, Henry W. 
Avery, Miss Clara 

Baackes, Mrs. Frank 
Babb, W. E. 
Babson, Fred K. 
Bach, Julius H. 
Bachmann, Dr. Harrold A. 
Badger, Shreve Cowles 
Baer, Mervin K. 
Baer, Walter S. 
Baggaley, William Blair 
Bailey, Mrs. Edward W. 
Baird, Mrs. Clay 
Baird, Harry K. 
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L. 
Baker, Frank H. 
Baker, Greeley 
Baldwin, Vincent Curtis 
Baldwin, William W. 
Balgemann, Otto W. 
Balkin, Louis 
Ball, Dr. Fred E. 
Ball, Sidney Y. 
Ballard, Thomas L. 
Ballenberg, Adolph G. 
Bannister, Miss Ruth D. 
Bantsolas, John N. 
Barber, Phil C. 
Barbour, Harry A. 
Barbour, James J. 
Barley, Miss Matilda A. 
Barnes, Cecil 
Barnes, Mrs. Charles 

Barnes, James M. 
Barnett, Otto R. 
Barnhart, Mrs. A. M. 
Barnhart, Mrs. Clara S. 
Barnhart, Miss Gracia 

M. F. 
Barnum, Harry 
Barr, Mrs. Alfred H. 
Bartelme, John H. 
Bartholomae, Mrs. Emma 
Bartholomay, F. H. 
Bartholomay, Henry 
Bartholomay, Mrs. 

William, Jr. 
Bartlett, Frederic C. 
Barton, Mrs. Enos M. 
Bass, Mrs. Perkins 
Bastian, Charles L. 
Bateman, Floyd L. 
Bates, Mrs. A. M. 

Bates, Joseph A. 
Battey, Paul L. 
Bauer, Aleck 
Baum, Mrs. James E. 
Baum, Mervyn 
Baumrucker, Charles F. 
Bausch, William C. 
Beach, Miss Bess K, 
Beach, E. Chandler 
Beachy, Mrs. P. A. 
Beacom, Harold 
Bear, Alvin L. 
Beatty, H. W. 
Beck, Herbert 
Becker, Mrs. A. G. 
Becker, Benjamin F. 
Becker, Benjamin V. 
Becker, Frederick G. 
Becker, Herman T. 
Becker, James H. 
Becker, Leon V. 
Becker, Louis 
Becker, Louis L. 
Behr, Mrs. Edith 
Beidler, Francis, II 
Belden, Joseph C. 
Bell, Mrs. Laird 
Bellinghausen, Miss C. 
Bender, C. J. 
Benjamin, Jack A. 
Benner, Harry 
Bennett, J. Gardner 
Bensinger, Benjamin E. 
Benson, John 
Bentley, Arthur 
Bentley, Mrs. Cyrus 
Benton, Miss Mabel M. 
Berend, George F. 
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G. 
Berndt, Dr. George W. 
Berryman, John B. 
Bersbach, Elmer S. 
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F. 
Besly, Mrs. C. H. 
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bichl, Thomas A. 
Bidwell, Charles W. 
Biehn, Dr. J. F. 
Bigler, Mrs. Albert J. 
Billow, Elmer Ellsworth 
Billow, Miss Virginia 
Bird, Miss Frances 
Bird, George H. 
Birk, Miss Amelia 
Birk, Edward J. 
Birk, Frank J. 
Birkenstein, George 
Birkholz, Hans E. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Bishop, Howard P. 
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V. 
Bistor, James E. 
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J. 
Bixby, Edward Randall 
Black, Dr. Arthur D. 
Blackburn, Oliver A. 
Blackman, Nathan L. 
Blair, Edward T. 
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour 
Blair, Wolcott 
Blake, Tiffany 
Blatchford, Carter 
Blatchford, Dr. Frank 

Blayney, Thomas C. 
Blessing, Dr. Robert 
Bletsch, William E. 
Blish, Sylvester 
Block, Emanuel J. 
Blome, Rudolph S. 
Blomgren, Dr. Walter L. 
Bloom, Mrs. Leopold 
Bluford, Mrs. David 
Blum, David 
Blum, Harry H. 
Blunt, J. E., Jr. 
Bluthardt, Edwin 
Boal, Ayres 
Bode, William F. 
Bodman, Mrs. Luther 
Boericke, Mrs. Anna 
Boettcher, Arthur H. 
Bohasseck, Charles 
Bohn, Mrs. Bertha 

Bolten, Paul H. 
Bondy, Berthold 
Boomer, Dr. Paul C. 
Boom, William C. 
Booth, Alfred V. 
Booth, George E. 
Borg, George W. 
Borland, Mrs. Bruce 
Borland, Mrs. John Jay 
Born, Moses 
Bosch, Charles 
Bosch, Mrs. Henry 
Both, William C. 
Botts, Graeme G. 
Bousa, Dr. Bohuslav 
Bowen, Mrs. Louise 

Bowes, William R. 
Bowey, Mrs. Charles F. 
Bowman, Johnston A. 
Boyack, Harry 
Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb 
Boyden, Miss Rosalie 

Boynton, A. J. 
Boynton, Frederick P. 

Brach, Mrs. F. V. 
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard 
Bradley, Charles E. 
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie 

Blair Higinbotham 
Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Bramble, Delhi G. C. 
Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr. 
Brand, Mrs. Maude G. 
Brand, Mrs. Rudolf 
Brandes, A. G. 
Brandt, Charles H. 
Bransfield, John J. 
Brauer, Mrs. Paul 
Breckinridge, Professor 

S. P. 
Bremer, Harry A. 
Bremner, Mrs. David 

F., Jr. 
Brendecke, Miss June 
Brennwasser, S. M. 
Brenza, Miss Mary 
Brewer, Mrs. Angeline L. 
Breyer, Mrs. Theodor 
Bridge, George S. 
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude 
Brigham, Miss Florence M. 
Bristol, James T. 
Brock, A. J. 
Brodribb, Lawrence C. 
Broome, Thornhill 
Brown, A. Wilder 
Brown, Benjamin R. 
Brown, Charles A. 
Brown, Christy 
Brown, Dr. Edward M. 
Brown, Mrs. George 

Brown, Mrs. Henry 

Brown, John T. 
Brown, Scott 
Bruckner, William T. 
Brugman, John J. 
Brundage, Avery 
Brunswick, Larry 
Bryant, John J., Jr. 
Buck, Guy R. 
Buck, Mrs. Lillian B. 
Buck, Nelson Leroy 
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R. 
Budlong, Joseph J. 
Buehler, H. L. 
Buettner, Walter J. 
BufRngton, Mrs. 

Margaret A. 
Buhmann, Gilbert G. 
Bullock, Carl C. 
Bullock, Mrs. James E. 
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J. 
Burgess, Charles F. 
Burgstreser, Newton 

Burgweger, Mrs. Meta 

Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N. 
Burke, Webster H. 
Burkholder, Dr. J. F. 
Burnham, Mrs. Edward 
Burns, Mrs. Randall W. 
Burrows, Mrs. W. F. 
Burry, Mrs. William 
Burtch, Almon 
Burton, Mrs. Ernest D. 
Bush, Mrs. Lionel E. 
Bush, Mrs. William H. 
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B. 
Butler, J. Fred 
Butler, John M. 
Butler, Paul 
Butz, Herbert R. 
Butz, Robert O. 
Butz, Theodore C. 
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C. 
Buzzell, Edgar A. 
Byfield, Dr. Albert H. 
Byrne, Miss Margaret H. 

Cable, J. E. 
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R. 
Cahn, Bertram J. 
Cahn, Morton D. 
Caldwell, C. D. 
Caldwell, Mrs. F. C. 
Cameron, Dr. Dan U. 
Cameron, John M. 
Cameron, Will J. 
Camp, Mrs. Arthur Royce 
Campbell, Delwin M. 
Campbell, Herbert J. 
Canby, Caleb H., Jr. 
Capes, Lawrence R. 
Capps, Dr. Joseph A. 
Carlin, Leo J. 
Carney, William Roy 
Caron, O. J. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Carpenter, Frederic Ives 
Carpenter, Mrs. George A. 
Carpenter, George Sturges 
Carpenter, Hubbard 
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie 

Carpenter, W. W. S. 
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R. 
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M. 
Carroll, John A. 
Carry, Joseph C. 
Carter, Mrs. Armistead B. 
Carton, Alfred T. 
Gary, Dr. Eugene 
Gary, Dr. Frank 
Case, Elmer G. 
Casey, Mrs. James J. 
Casselberry, Mrs. William 

Evans, Sr. 

404 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Cassels, Edwin H. 
Castle, Alfred C. 
Castruccio, Giuseppe 
Gates, Dudley 
Gernoch, FVank 
Ghadwick, Charles H. 
Chandler, Henry P. 
Ghapin, Henry Kent 
Chapin, Homer C. 
Chapman, Arthur E. 
Chappell, Mrs. Charles H. 
Chase, Frank D. 
Chavis, Dr. Samuel W. 
Cheever, Mrs. Arline V. 
Cheney, Dr. Henry W. 
Ghisholm, George D. 
Chritton, George A. 
Churan, Charles A. 
Clark, Ainsworth W. 
Clark, Miss Alice Keep 
Clark, Charles V. 
Clark, Miss Dorothy S. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward S. 
Clark, Edwin H. 
Clark, Dr. Peter S. 
Clarke, Charles F. 
Clarke, Fred L. 
Clarke, Harley L. 
Clarke, Henry 
Clas, Miss Mary Louise 
Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A. 
Cleveland, Paul W. 
Clifford, F. J. 
Clinch, Duncan L. 
Clough, William H. 
Clow, Mrs. Harry B. 
Clow, William E., Jr. 
Cohen, George B. 
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis 
Golburn, Frederick S. 
Colby, Mrs. George E. 
Coldren, Clifton C. 
Coleman, Dr. George H. 
Coleman, Loring W., Jr. 
Coleman, William Ogden 
Colianni, Paul V. 
Collins, Beryl B. 
CoUis, Harry J. 
Colvin, Mrs. William H. 
Colwell, Clyde C. 
Compton, D. M. 
Compton, Frank E. 
Condon, Mrs. James G. 
Conger, Miss Cornelia 
Connell, P. G. 
Conners, Harry 
Connor, Mrs. Clara A. 
Connor, Frank H. 
Cook, Miss Alice B. 
Cook, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
Cook, Mrs. Wallace L. 
Cooke, Charles E. 

Cooke, Miss Flora 
Cooke, Leslie L. 
Coolidge, Miss Alice 
Coolidge, E. Channing 
Coombs, James F. 
Coonley, John Stuart 
Coonley, John Stuart, Jr. 
Coonley, Prentiss L. 
Cooper, Samuel 
Copland, David 
Corbett, Mrs. William J. 
Cormack, Charles V. 
Cornell, John E. 
Cosford, Thomas H. 
Coston, James E. 
Counselman, Mrs. 

Jennie E. 
Courvoisier, Dr. Earl A. 
Cox, Mrs. Howard M. 
Cox, James A. 
Cox, James C. 
Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W. 
Crane, Charles R., II 
Cratty, Mrs. Josiah 
Crego, Mrs. Dominica S. 
Crerar, Mrs. John 
Crilly, Edgar 
Cromer, Clarence E. 
Cromwell, George O. 
Cromwell, Miss Juliette 

Cross, Henry H. 
Crowder, Dr. Thomas R. 
Cubbins, Dr. William R. 
Cudahy, Edward I. 
Culbertson, Dr. Carey 
Cuneo, John F. 
Cunningham, Mrs. 

Howard J. 
Cunningham, John T. 
Curran, Harry R. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles S. 
Curtis, Miss Frances H. 
Curtis, John F. L. 
Cusack, Harold 
Gushing, John F. 
Cushman, A. W. 
Cutler, Henry E. 
Cutting, Charles S. 

Dahlberg, Bror G. 
Daily, Richard 
Dakin, Dr. Frank C. 
Daley, Harry C. 
Dammann, J. F. 
D'Ancona, Edward N. 
Danforth, Dr. William C. 
Daniels, H. L. 
Dantzig, Leonard P. 
Danz, Charles A. 
Darrow, William W. 
Dashiell, C. R. 

Daughaday, C. Colton 
Davey, Mrs. Bruce G. 
David, Dr. Vernon C. 
Davidonis, Dr. 
Alexander L. 
Davidson, Miss Mary E. 
Davies, Marshall 
Da vies, Warren T. 
Davis, Abel 
Davis, Arthur 
Davis, C. S. 
Davis, Dr. Carl B. 
Davis, Frank S. 
Davis, Fred M. 
Davis, James 
Davis, Dr. Loyal 
Bavis, Dr. Nathan S., Ill 
Davis, Ralph 
Dawes, E. L. 
Day, Mrs. Winfield S. 
DeAcres, Clyde H. 
Deagan, John C. 
Deahl, Uriah S. 
Decker, Charles 0. 
DeCosta, Lewis M. 
DeDardel, Carl O. 
Dee, Thomas J. 
Deery, Thomas A., Jr. 
Degen, David 
DeGolyer, Robert S. 
DeKoven, Mrs. John 
DeLee, Dr. Joseph B. 
DeLemon, H. R. 
Deming, Everett G. 
Dempster, Mrs. Charles W. 
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S. 
Denman, Mrs. Burt J. 
Dennehy, Thomas C. 
Dennis, Charles H. 
Dent, George C. 
Deutsch, Joseph 
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L. 
Deutsch, Samuel 
DeVries, David 
DeVries, Peter 
Dewes, Rudolph Peter 
Dewey, Albert B., Sr. 
Dick, Albert B., Jr. 
Dick, Elmer J. 
Dick, Mrs. Homer T. 
Dickey, Roy 
Dickinson, F. R. 
Dickinson, Robert B. 
Dickinson, Theodore 
Diestel, Mrs. Herman 
Dikeman, Aaron Butler 
Dillon, Miss Hester May 
Dimick, Miss Elizabeth 
Dixon, Alan C. 
Dixon, William Warren 
Dobson, George 
Doctor, Isidor 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Dodge, Mrs. Paul C. 
Doering, Otto C. 
Doerr, William P., Sr. 
Doetsch, Miss Anna 
Dole, Arthur 
Dolese, Mrs. John 
Donahue, William J. 
Donker, Mrs. William 
D onion, Mrs. Stephen E. 
Donnelley, Mrs. H. P. 
Donnelley, Miss Naomi 
Donnelley, Mrs. R. R. 
Donnelly, Frank 
Donohue, Edgar T. 
Douglas, James H., Jr. 
Douglass, Kingman 
Douglass, W. A. 
Dreiske, George J. 
Drummond, James J. 
Dryden, Mrs. George B. 
Dubbs, C. P. 
Dudley, Laurence H. 
Dugan, Alphonso G. 
Dulany, George W., Jr. 
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel 
Duncan, Albert G. 
Duner, Dr. Clarence S. 
Duner, Joseph A. 
Dunham, John H. 
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle 
Dunham, Robert J. 
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson 
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett 
Durbin, Fletcher M. 
Dyche, William A. 

Easterberg, C. J. 
Eastman, Mrs. George H. 
Ebeling, Frederic 0. 
Eckhart, Percy B. 
Eckstein, H. G. 
Eddy, George A. 
Eddy, Thomas H. 
Edmonds, Harry C. 
Edwards, Miss Edith E. 
Edwards, Kenneth P. 
Egan, William B. 
Ehrman, Edwin H. 
Eiger, Oscar S. 
Eiselen, Frederick Carl 
Eisendrath, Edwin W. 
Eisendrath, Robert M. 
Eisendrath, Mrs. 

William N. 
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto 
Eisenstaedt, Harry 
Eisenstein, Sol 
Eitel, Max 
Elcock, Edward G. 
Elenbogen, Herman 
EUbogen, Albert L. 
Elliot, Mrs. Frank M. 

Elliott, Dr. Charles A. 
Elliott, Frank R. 
Ellis, Howard 
Elting, Howard 
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse 
Engel, E. J. 

Engelhard, Benjamin M. 
Engwall, John F. 
Erdmann, Mrs. C. Pardee 
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F. 
Ericson, Melvin Burton 
Ericsson, Clarence 
Ericsson, Henry 
Ericsson, Walter H. 
Ernst, Mrs. Leo 
Erskine, Albert DeWolf 
Etten, Henry C. 
Eustice, Alfred L. 
Evans, Mrs. Albert 

Evans, Miss Anna B. 
Evans, Mrs. David 
Evans, David J. 
Evans, Eliot H. 
Evans, Hon. Evan A. 
Ewell, CD. 
Ewen, William R. T. 

Fabian, Francis G. 
Fabry, Herman 
Fackt, Mrs. George P. 
Fader, A. L. 
Faget, James E. 
Faherty, Roger 
Fahrenwald, Frank A. 
Fahrney, Emery H. 
Faithorn, Walter E. 
Falk, Miss Amy 
Falk, Lester L. 
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J. 
Farrell, Mrs. B. J. 
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F. 
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr. 
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth 
Faurot, Henry 
Favu-ot, Henry, Jr. 
Fay, Miss Agnes M. 
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J. 
Feigenheimer, Herman 
Feiwell, Morris E. 
Felix, Benjamin B. 
Fellows, William K. 
Felsenthal, Edward 

Feltman, Charles H. 
Fergus, Robert C. 
Ferguson, William H. 
Femald, Robert W. 
Fetzer, Wade 
Filek, August 
Finley, Max H. 
Finn, Joseph M. 

Fischel, Frederic A. 
Fish, Mrs. Isaac 
Fishbein, Dr. Morris 
Fisher, Mrs. Edward 

Fisher, George P. 
Fisher, Hon. Harry M. 
Fisher, Walter L. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John A. 
Fla\an, Edwin F. 
Flesch, Eugene W. P. 
Flexner, Washington 
Florsheim, Irving S. 
Flosdorf, Mrs. G. E. 
Foley, Rev. William M. 
Follansbee, Mitchell D. 
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J. 
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S. 
Foote, Peter 

Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K. 
Foreman, Mrs. E. G. 
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr. 
Foreman, Harold E. 
Foreman, Oscar G. 
Foresman, Mrs. W. Coates 
Forgan, James B., Jr. 
Forgan, Robert D. 
Forman, Charles 
Forstall, James J. 
Fortune, Miss Joanna 
Foster, Mrs. Charles K. 
Foster, Volney 
Foster, Mrs. William C. 
Fowler, Miss Elizabeth 
Fox, Charles E. 
Fox, Jacob Logan 
Fox, Dr. Paul C. 
Frank, Dr. Ira 
Frank, Mrs. Joseph K. 
PYankenstein, Rudolph 
Frankenstein, William B. 
Frankenthal, Dr. Lester 

E., Jr. 
Freedman, Dr. I. Val 
Freeman, Charles Y. 
Freeman, Walter W. 
Freer, Archibald E. 
French, Dudley K. 
Frenier, A. B. 
Freudenthal, G. S. 
Freund, Charles E. 
Freund, I. H. 
F^ey, Charles Daniel 
Freyn, Henry J. 
Fridstein, Meyer 
Friedlander, Jacob 
Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert 
Friedlund, Mrs. J. Arthur 
Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K. 
FViedman, Oscar J. 
Friestedt, Arthur A. 
Frisbie, Chauncey 0. 

406 Field :vIuseum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Frost, Mrs. Charles 
Fuller. Mrs. Charles 
Fuller. Mrs. Gretta 

Fuller, Judson M. 
Fuller, Leroy W. 
Furrj', William S. 
Furst, Eduard A. 

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita 
Gabriel. Charles 
Gaertner, William 
Gale, G. Vvliittier 
Gale, Henrv' G. 
Gall, Charles H. 
Gall, Harry T. 
Gallagher, Vincent G. 
Gallup, Rockwell 
Gait. Mrs. A. T. 
Gah-in, William A. 
Gann, Da\'id B. 
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H. 
Garard, Elzy A. 
Garcia, Jose 
Garden, Hugh M. G. 
Gardner, Addison L. 
Gardner, Addison L., Jr. 
Gardner, Henry A. 
Gardner, Mrs. James P. 
Garner, Harry J. 
Garrison. Dr. Lester E. 
Gary, Fred Elbert 
Gately, Ralph M. 
Gates, Philetus W. 
Gav,ne, Miss Clara J. 
Gay, Rev. A. Royal 
Gavlord, Duane W. 
Gear, H. B. 
Gehl, Dr. W. H. 
Gehrmann. Felix 
George, Mrs. Albert B. 
George, Fred W. 
Gerding, R. W. 
GerngToss, Mrs. Leo 
Gerritv, Thomas 
Gerts, Walter S. 
Gettetroan, Mrs. Sidney H. 
Getzoff, E. B. 
Gibbs, Dr. John Phillip 
Gibson, Dr. Stanley 
Gielow, Walter C. 
Giffert, Mrs. William 
Gilbert, Miss Clara C. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F. 
Gilchrist, Mrs. William 

Giles, Carl C. 
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D. 
Gillman, Morris 
Gillson, Louis K. 
Ginther, Miss Minnie C. 
Girard, Mrs. Anna 

Glaescher, Mrs. G. W. 
Glaser, Edward L. 
Glasgow, H. A. 
Glasner, Rudolph W. 
Glenn, Mrs. J. M. 
Godehn, Paul M. 
Goedke, Charles F. 
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry 
Goes. Mrs. Arthur A. 
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K. 
Goldenberg, Sidnev D. 
Goldfine. Dr. AscherH. C. 
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T. 
Goldy, Walter I. 
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T. 
Gooden, G. E. 
Goodkind. Dr. Maurice L. 
Goodman. Benedict K. 
Goodman, Mrs. Herberts. 
Goodman. W. J. 
Goodman, William E. 
Goodrow, William 
Goodwin, Hon. Clarence 

Goodwin, George S. 
Gordon. Harold J. 
Gordon. Mrs. Robert D. 
Gorham, Sidney Smith 
Gorman, George E. 
Gorrell, Mrs. Warren 
Gradle, Dr. Harr>- S. 
Grady, Dr. Grover Q. 
Graf," Robert J. 
Graff. Oscar C. 
Graham, Douglas 
Graham, E. V. 
Graham, Miss 

Margaret H. 
Gramm, Mrs. Helen 
Granger, Alfred 
Grant, Alexander R. 
Grant, James D. 
Grant, John G. 
Graves, Howard B. 
Gray, Mrs. Charles W. 
Gray, Rev. James M. 
Green, J. B. 

Green, Miss Mar>- Pomeroy 
Green, Dr. Raphael B. 
Green, Robert D. 
Green. Zola C. 
Greenberg, Andrew H. 
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E. 
Greene. Carl D. 
Greenebaum, .James E. 
Greenebaum, M. E. 
Greenebaum. M. E., Jr. 
Greenlee, James A. 
Greenlee, Mrs. William 

Greenman, Mrs. Earl C. 
Gregory, Clifford V. 

Gregory, Stephen S., Jr. 
Gregory, Tappan 
Grey, Charles F. 
Grey, Dr. Dorothy 
Grey, Howard G. 
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L. 
Griffenhagen, Mrs. 

Edwin 0. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Griffith, Melvin L. 
Griffith, Mrs. William 
Griffiths, George W. 
Grimm, Walter H. 
Griswold, Harold T. 
Grizzard, James A. 
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I. 
Groot, Cornelius J. 
Gross, Henry R. 
Grossman, Frank I. 
Grotenhuis, Mrs. 

William J. 
Grotowski, Dr. Leon 
Gruhn, Alvah V. 
Grulee, Lo'wry K. 
Grunow, Mrs. William C. 
Guenzel, Louis 
Guest, Ward E. 
Gulbransen, Axel G. 
Gulick, John H. 
Gundlach, Ernest T. 
Gunthorp, Walter J. 
Gwinn, William R. 

Haas, Maurice 
Haas, Dr. Raoul R. 
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M. 
Hagen, Mrs. Daise 
Hagen, Fred J. 
Hagens, Dr. Garrett J. 
Haggard, John D. 
Hagner, Fred L. 
Haight, George I. 
Hair, T. R. 
Hajieek, Rudolph F. 
Haldeman, Walter S. 
Hale, Mrs. Samuel 
Hale, William B. 
Hall, David W. 
Hall, Edward B. 
Hall, Mrs. J. B. 
Hallmann, August F. 
Hallmann, Herman F. 
Halperin, Aaron 
Hamill, Charles H. 
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill, Robert W. 
Hamilton, Thomas B. 
Hamlin, Paul D. 
Hamm, Edward F. 
Hammerschmidt, Mrs. 

George F. 
Hammitt, Miss Frances M. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Hammond, Thomas S. 
Hand, George W. 
Hanley, Henr>' L. 
Hansen, Mrs. Carl 
Hansen, Jacob W. 
Harbison, L. C. 
Harder, John H. 
Hardie, George F. 
Hardin, John H. 
Harding, Charles F., Jr. 
Harding, George F. 
Harding, John Cow den 
Harding, Richard T. 
Hardinge, Franklin 
Harker, H. L. 
Harms, John V. D. 
Harper, Alfred C. 
Harris, David J. 
Harris, Gordon L. 
Harris, Hay den B. 
Harris, Miss Martha E. 
Hart, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Hart, William M. 
Hartmann, A. O. 
Hartshorn, Kenneth L. 
Hartwell, Fred G. 
Hart wig. Otto J. 
Harvey, Hillman H. 
Harvey, Richard M. 
Harwood, Thomas W. 
Haskell, Mrs. George E. 
Haugan, Charles M. 
Haugan, Oscar H. 
Havens, Samuel M. 
Hayes, Charles M. 
Hayes, Harold C. 
Hayes, Miss Mary E. 
Haynie, Miss Rachel W. 
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Hazlett, Dr. William H. 
Healy, Mrs. Marquette A. 
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat 
Heaton, Harry E. 
Heaton, Herman C. 
Heberlein, Miss 

Amanda F, 
Heck, John 
Heckendorf, R. A. 
Hedberg, Henry E. 
Heidke, Herman L. 
Heiman, Marcus 
Heine, Mrs. Albert 
Heineman, Oscar 
Heinzelman, Karl 
Heinzen, Mrs. Carl 
Heldmaier, Miss Marie 
Helfrich, J. Howard 
Heller, Albert 
Heller, John A. 
Heller, Mrs. Walter E. 
Hellman, George A. 
Hellyer, Walter 

Hemmens, Mrs. Walter P. 
Hemple, Miss Anne C. 
Henderson, Thomas B. G. 
Henkel, Frederick W. 
Henley, Eugene H. 
Hennings, Mrs. 

Abraham J. 
Henry, Otto 
Henshaw, Mrs. 

Raymond S. 
Herrick, Charles E. 
Herrick, Miss Louise 
Herrick, Walter D. 
Herron, James C. 
Herron, Mrs. OUie L. 
Hershey, J. Clarence 
Hertz, Mrs. Fred 
Herwig, George 
Herwig, William D., Jr. 
Hess, Mrs. Charles Wilbur 
Heun, Arthur 
Heverly, Earl L. 
Heyworth, Mrs. James 0. 
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S. 
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G. 
Higgins, John 
Higgins, John W. 
Higinbotham, Harlow D. 
Higley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Hildebrand, Eugene, Jr. 
Hildebrand, Grant M. 
Hill, Mrs. E. M. 
Hill, Mrs. Lysander 
Hill, William E. 
Hille, Dr. Hermann 
Hillebrecht, Herbert E. 
Hillis, Dr. David S. 
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W. 
Hindman, Biscoe 
Hinkle, Ross 0. 
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S. 
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr. 
Hinsberg, Stanley K. 
Hinton, E. W. 
Hird, Frederick H. 
Hirsch, Henry H. 
Hirsch, Jacob H. 
Hiscox, Morton 
Histed, J. Roland 
Hoelscher, Herman M. 
Hoffman, Glen T. 
Hoffmann, Miss Caroline 

Hoffmann, Edward 

Hogan, Frank 
Hogan, Robert E. 
Hoier, William V. 
Holden, Edward A. 
Holland, Dr. William E. 
HoUis, Henry L. 
HoUister, Francis H. 

Holmes, George J. 
Holmes, Miss Harriet F. 
Holmes, Mrs. Maud G. 
Holmes, William 
Holmes, William N. 
Holt, Miss Ellen 
Homan, Miss Blossom L. 
Honnold, Dr. Fred C. 
Honsik, Mrs. James M. 
Hoover, F. E. 
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W. 
Hoover, H. Earl 
Hoover, Ray P. 
Hope, Alfred S. 
Hopkins, Farley 
Hopkins, Mrs. James M. 
Hopkins, John L. 
Horan, Dennis A. 
Horcher, William W. 
Horner, Dr. David A. 
Horner, Mrs. Maurice 

L., Jr. 
Horst, Curt A. 
Horton, George T. 
Horton, Hiram T. 
Horton, Horace B. 
Hosbein, Louis H. 
Hosmer, Philip B. 
Hottinger, Adolph 
Howard, Harold A. 
Howard, Willis G. 
Howe, Charles Arthur 
Howe, Clinton W. 
Howe, Warren D. 
Howe, William G. 
Howell, Albert S. 
Howell, William 
Howes, Frank W. 
Howse, Richard 
Hoyne, Frank G. 
Hoyne, Thomas Temple 
Hovt, Frederick T. 
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B. 
Hubbard, George W. 
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee 
Hudson, Mrs. H. Newton 
Hudson, Walter L. 
Hudson, William E. 
Huev, Mrs. A. S. 
Huff, Thomas D. 
Hughes, John E. 
Hughes, John W. 
Hulbert, Mrs. Charles 

Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H. 
Hultgen, Dr. Jacob F. 
Hume, John T. 
Huncke, Herbert S. 
Huncke, Oswald W, 
Hunter, Samuel ^L 
Hurd, N. L. 
Hurley, Edward N., .Jr. 

408 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Huston, W. L. 
Huston, Ward T. 
Huszagh, R. LeRoy 
Huszagh, Ralph D. 
Hutchinson, Foye P. 
Hutchinson, John W. 
Hutchinson, Samuel S. 
Hynes, Rev. J. A. 

Ickes, Raymond 
Idelman, Bernard 
Ilg, Robert A. 
Inlander, Samuel 
Irons, Dr. Ernest E. 
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr. 
Isham, Henry P. 
Ives, Clifford E. 

Jackson, Allan 
Jackson, Archer L. 
Jackson, Arthur S. 
Jacobi, Miss Emily C. 
Jacobs, Hyman A. 
Jacobs, Julius 
Jacobs, Louis G. 
Jacobs, Siegfried T. 
Jacobson, Raphael 
Jaeger, George J., Jr. 
Jaffe, Dr. Richard 

Jaffray, Mrs. David S., Jr. 
James, Edward P. 
James, William R. 
Jameson, Clarence W. 
Janusch, Fred W. 
Jarchow, Charles C. 
Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J. 
Jefferies, F. L. 
Jeffery, Mrs. Thomas B. 
Jenkins, David F. D. 
Jenkins, Mrs. John E. 
Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur 

Jenks, William Shippen 
Jennings, Ode D. 
Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V. 
Jerger, Wilbur Joseph 
Jetzinger, David 
Jirka, Dr. Frank J. 
Jirka, Dr. Robert H. 
John, Dr. Findley D. 
Johnson, Albert M. 
Johnson, Alfred 
Johnson, Alvin O. 
Johnson, Arthur L. 
Johnson, Mrs. Harley 

Johnson, Isaac Horton 
Johnson, Joseph F. 
Johnson, Nels E. 
Johnson, Mrs. O. W. 
Johnson, Olaf B. 

Johnson, Philip C. 
Johnson, Ulysses G. 
Johnston, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Edward R. 
Johnston, Mrs. Hubert 

Johnston, Mrs. M. L. 
Johnstone, Dr. A. Ralph 
Johnstone, George A. 
Johnstone, Dr. Mary 

M. S. 
Jones, Albert G. 
Jones, Fred B. 
Jones, G. Herbert 
Jones, James B. 
Jones, Dr. Margaret M. 
Jones, Melvin 
Jones, Warren G. 
Joseph, Louis L. 
Joy, Guy A. 
Joyce, David G. 
Joyce, Joseph 
Judah, Noble Brandon 
Judah, Mrs. Noble 

Juergens, H. Paul 
Julien, Victor R. 
Junkunc, Stephen 

Kaercher, A. W. 
Kahn, Gus 
Kahn, J. Kesner 
Kahn, Louis 
Kaine, James B. 
Kane, Jerome M. 
Kaplan, Nathan D. 
Karpen, Adolph 
Karpen, Michael 
Kaspar, Otto 
Katz, Mrs. Sidney L. 
Kauffman, Mrs. R. K. 
Kauffmann, Alfred 
Kavanagh, Maurice F, 
Kay, Mrs. Marie E. 
Keehn, George W. 
Keehn, Mrs. Theodore 

C. L. 
Keene, Mrs. Joseph 
Keeney, Albert F. 
Kehl, Robert Joseph 
Keith, Stanley 
Kellogg, John L. 
Kellogg, Mrs. M. G. 
Kelly, Edward T. 
Kelly, James J. 
Kemp, Mrs. E. M. 
Kempner, Harry B. 
Kempner, Stan 
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H. 
Kendrick, John F. 
Kennedy, Miss Leonore 
Kennelly, Martin H. 

Kent, Dr. O. B. 
Keogh, Gordon E. 
Kern, Trude 
Kersey, Glen B. 
Kesner, Jacob L. 
Kilbourne, L. B. 
Kile, Miss Jessie J. 
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene 

Kimbark, John R. 
King, Joseph H. 
Kingman, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Kinney, Mrs. Minnie B. 
Kinsey, Frank 
Kinsey, Robert S. 
Kintzel, Richard 
Kipp, Carl P. 
Kircher, Rev. Julius 
Kirchheimer, Max 
Kirkland, Mrs. 

Kitchen, Howell W. 
Kittredge, R. J. 
Kitzelman, Otto 
Klein, Arthur F. 
Klein, Henry A. 
Klein, Mrs. Samuel 
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H. 
Kleist, Mrs. Harry 
Kleppinger, William 

H., Jr. 
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C. 
Kline, Sol 

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W. 
Klink, A. F. 
Knox, Harry S. 
Knutson, George H. 
Koch, Paul W. 
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T. 
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L. 
Kohler, Eric L. 
Kohlsaat, Edward C. 
Komiss, David S. 
Konsberg, Alvin V. 
Kopf, William P. 
Kosobud, William F. 
Kotal, John A. 
Kotin, George N. 
Koucky, Dr. J. D. 
Kovac, Stefan 
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka 
Kraft, C. H. 
Kraft, James L. 
Kraft, Norman 
Kralovec, Emil G. 
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J. 
Kramer, Leroy 
Kraus, Peter J. 
Krause, John J. 
Kretschmer, Dr. 

Herman L. 
Kritchevsky, Dr. Wolff 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Kroehl, Howard 
Krohmer, William F. 
Kropff, C. G. 
Krost, Dr. Gerard N. 
Krueger, Leopold A. 
Krutckoff, Charles 
Kuehn, A. L. 
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr. 
Kuhl, Harry J. 
Kuhn, Frederick T. 
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S. 
Kunka, Bernard J. 
Kunstadter, Albert 
Kurtzon, Morris 

Lacey, Miss Edith M. 
LaChance, Mrs. 

Leander H. 
Laflin, Mrs. Louis E. 
Laflin, Louis E., Jr. 
LaGuske, Mrs. Chester 
Lampert, Mrs. Lydia 
Lampert, Wilson W. 
Lamson, W. A. 
Lanahan, Mrs. M. J. 
Landry, Alvar A. 
Lane, F. Howard 
Lane, Ray E. 
Lane, Wallace R. 
Lang, Edward J. 
Lang, Mrs. W. J. 
Lange, Mrs. August 
Langenbach, Mrs. Alice R. 
Langhome, George Tayloe 
Langland, James 
Langworthy, Benjamin 

Lansinger, Mrs. John M. 
Larimer, Howard S. 
Larson, Bror O. 
Lashley, Mrs. Karl S. 
Lasker, Albert D. 
Lau, Max 
Lauren, Newton B. 
Lauritzen, CM. 
Lauter, Mrs. Vera 
Lautmann, Herbert M. 
Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B. 
Lawless, Dr. Theodore K. 
Lawson, A. J. 
Lawson, Mrs. Iver N. 
Lawton, Frank W. 
Laylander, O. J. 
Leahy, Thomas F. 
Learned, Edwin J. 
Leavell, James R. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Wellington 
Lebensohn, Dr. Mayer H. 
Lebolt, John Michael 
Lederer, Dr. Francis L. 
Lefens, Miss Katharine J. 
Lefens, Walter C. 

Lehmann, Miss 

Augusta E. 
Leichenko, Peter M. 
Leight, Mrs. Albert E. 
Leistner, Oscar 
Leland, Miss Alice J. 
LeMoon, A. R. 
Lenz, J. Mayo 
Leonard, Arthur G. 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Leopold, Foreman N. 
Leslie, John H. 
Letts, Mrs. Frank C. 
Lev an, Rev. Thomas F. 
Leverone, Louis E. 
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O. 
Levitan, Benjamin 
Levitetz, Nathan 
Levy, Alexander M. 
Levy, Arthur G. 
Lewis, David R. 
Lewy, Dr. Alfred 
Libby, Mrs. C. P. 
Liebman, A. J. 
Lillie, Frank R. 
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J. 
Linden, John A. 
Lindenberg, Albert 
Lindheimer, B. F. 
Lindholm, Charles V. 
Lindley, Mrs. Arthur F. 
Lindquist, J. E. 
Lingle, Bowman C. 
Linton, Ben B. 
Lipman, Robert R. 
Liss, Samuel 
Littler, Harry E., Jr. 
Livingston, Julian M. 
Livingston, Mrs. Milton L. 
Llewellyn, Mrs. John T. 
Llewellyn, Paul 
Llewellyn, Mrs. S. J. 
Lloyd, Edward W. 
Lloyd, William Bross 
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L. 
Lockwood, W. S. 
Loeb, Mrs. A. H. 
Loeb, Hamilton M. 
Loeb, Jacob M. 
Loeb, Leo A. 
Loesch, Frank J. 
Loewenberg, Israel S. 
Loewenberg, M. L. 
Loewenstein, Sidney 
Loewenthal, Mrs. 

Julius W. 
Loewenthal, Richard J. 
Logan, John I. 
Long, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Long, William E. 
Lord, Arthur R. 
Lord, Mrs. Russell 

Loucks, Charles O. 
Louderback, William 

J., Jr. 
Louer, Albert S. 
Love, Chase W. 
Lovell, William H. 
Lovgren, Carl 
Lownik, Dr. Felix J. 
Lucey, Patrick J. 
Ludington, Nelson J. 
Ludolph, Wilbur M. 
Lueder, Arthur C. 
Luehr, Dr. Edward 
Lufkin, Wallace W. 
Luria, Herbert A. 
Lurie, H. J. 
Lustgarten, Samuel 
Lutter, Henry J. 
Lydon, Mrs. William A. 
Lyford, Harry B. 
Lyford, Will H. 
Lyman, Thomas T. 
Lynch, William Joseph 
Lyon, Charles H. 
Lyon, Frank R. 
Lyon, Mrs. Thomas R. 

Maass, J. Edward 
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne 
MacCardle, H. B. 
MacDonald, E. K. 
MacDougal, Mrs. T. W. 
Mackey, Frank J. 
Mackinson, Dr. John C. 
MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew 
MacLellan, K. F. 
Magan, Miss Jane A. 
Magill, Henry P. 
Magill, Robert M. 
Magnus, Albert, Jr. 
Magnus, August C. 
Magwire, Mrs. Mary F. 
Maher, Mrs. D. W. 
Main, Walter D. 
Malone, William H. 
Manaster, Harry 
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W. 
Mandel, Edwin F. 
Mandel, Mrs. Emanuel 
Mandel, Mrs. Frederick L. 
Mandl, Sidney 
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W. 
Manierre, Francis E. 
Manierre, Louis 
Manley, John A. 
Mann, Albert C. 
Mann, John P. 
Manson, David 
Mansure, Edmund L. 
Marcus, Maurice S. 
Marhoefer, Edward H. 
Mark, Mrs. Cyrus 

410 Field :\Iuseu>i of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Marks, Arnold K. 
Marquis, A. X. 
Marsh, A. Fletcher 
Marsh, Mrs. John P. 
Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S. 
Martin. Mrs. Franklin H. 
Martin, Samuel H. 
Martin, W. B. 
Martin, Wells 
Marx, Frederick TL. 
Marzluff, Frank W. 
Marzola, Leo A. 
Mason, Wiilard J. 
Massee, B. A. 
Massey. Peter J. 
Mathesius, Mrs. Walther 
Matson. J. Edward 
Matter, Mrs. John 
Matthiessen, Frank 
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph 
Mauran. Charles S. 
Maurer. Dr. Siegfried 
Ma.xv.-ell, Lloyd R. 
Mayer, Mrs. David 
Mayer, Isaac H. 
Mayer, Oscar F. 
Mayer, Theodore S. 
McAuley, John E. 
McBirnev, Mrs. Hugh J. 
McBride, Mrs. Walter J. 
McCarthy, Edmond J. 
McCarthy, Joseph W. 
McCiellan, Dr. John H. 
McCluer, William 

McClun, John M. 
McCord, Downer 
McCormack, Professor 

McCormick, Mrs. 

Alexander A. 
McCormick, Mrs. 

McCormick, Fowler 
McCormick, Howard H. 
McCormick, L. Hamilton 
McCormick, Leander J. 
McCormick, Robert 

H., Jr. 
McCoy, Herbert N. 
McCraken, Miss Willietta 
McCrea, Mrs. W. S. 
McCready, Mrs. E. W. 
McDougal, Mrs. James B. 
McDougal, Mrs. Robert 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Arthur R. 
McErlean, Charles V. 
McGarr>-, John A. 
McGraw, Max 
McGurn, Mathew S. 
McHugh, Mrs. Grover 

Mcintosh, Arthur T. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Walter G. 
McKay, James M. 
McKeever, Buell 
McKinney, Mrs. Hayes 
McLaury, Mrs. C. W. 
McLaury, Walker G. 
McLennan, Mrs. John A. 
McMenemy, L. T. 
McMillan, John 
McMillan, W. B. 
McMillan, William M. 
McXamara, Louis G. 
McXulty, Joseph D. 
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie 
McVov, John M. 
Medsker, Dr. Ora L. 
rvlelchione, Joseph 
Melendy, Dr. R. A. 
Melnick, Leopold B. 
Merrill, Henrj- S. 
Merrill, James S. 
Merrill, William W. 
Merz, Edward E. 
Metz, Dr. A. R. 
Metzel, Mrs. Albert J. 
Meyer, Mrs. A. H. 
Meyer, Abraham 
Meyer, Abraham W. 
Meyer, Albert 
Meyer, Charles Z. 
Meyer, Oscar 
Meyer, Sam R. 
Meyer, William 
Meyercord, George R. 
Mickelberry, Mrs. 

Charles M. 
Midovricz, C. E. 
Milhening, Frank 
Milhening, Joseph 
Miller, Charles B. 
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W. 
Miller, Mrs. Darius 
Miller, Mrs. F. H. 
Miller, HjTnan 
Miller, John S., Jr. 
Miller, Dr. Joseph L. 
Miller, Mrs. Olive Beaupre 
Miller, Oscar C. 
Miller, R. T. 
Miller, Walter E. 
Miller, Mrs. Walter H. 
Miller, William E. 
Miller, William S. 
Mills, Allen G. 
Mills, Fred L. 
Mills, John, Sr. 
Miner, Dr. Carl 
Miner, H. J. 
Minotto, Mrs. James 
Mitchell, Charles D. 
Mitchell, George F. 

Mitchell, John J. 
Mitchell, Mrs. John J. 
Mitchell, Leeds 
Mitchell, Oliver 
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar 
Moderwell, Charles M. 
Moeller, Rev. Herman H. 
Moeng, Mrs. Edward D. 
Moffatt, Mrs. 

Elizabeth M. 
Mohr, Albert 
Mohr, Edward 
Mohr, William J. 
Moist, Mrs. Samuel E. 
MoUoy, Da\'id J. 
Moltz, Mrs. Alice 
Monaghan, Thomas H. 
Monheimer, Henry I. 
Monroe, William S. 
Montgomery, Dr. 

Albert H. 
Moore, C. B. 
Moore, Philip Wyatt 
Moos, Joseph B. 
Moran, Brian T. 
Moran, Miss Margaret 
More, Roland R. 
Morev, Charles W. 
Morf,' F. William 
Morgan, Alden K. 
Morgan, Mrs. 

Kendrick E. 
Morrill, Xahum 
Morris, Edward H. 
Morris, Eugene C. 
Morris, Mrs. Seymour 
Morrison, Mrs. 

Charles E. 
Morrison, Mrs. Harry 
Morrison, James C. 
Morrison, Matthew A. 
Morrisson, James W. 
Morse, Mrs. Charles J. 
Morse, Leland R. 
Morse, Mrs. Milton 
Morse, Robert H. 
Mortenson, Mrs. Jacob 
Morton, Sterling 
Morton. William Morris 
Moses, Howard A. 
Moss, Jerome A. 
Mouat, Andrew 
MowTy, Louis C. 
Mudge, Mrs. John B. 
Muehlstein, Mrs. Charles 
Mueller, Austin M. 
Mueller, J. Herbert 
Mueller, Paul H. 
Mulford, Miss Melinda 

Mulholand, William H. 
Murphy, John P. V. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Murphy, Robert E. 
Musselman, Dr. George H. 

Naber, Henrv G. 
Xadler, Dr. Walter H. 
Nash, Charles J. 
Nason, Albert J. 
Nathan, Claude 
Naugle. Mrs. Archibald 
Xeely, Miss Carrie Blair 
Nehls, Arthur L. 
Neilson. Mrs. Francis 
Nellegar. Mrs. Jay C. 
Nelson, Charles G. 
Nelson, Donald M. 
Nelson, Edward A. 
Nelson, Murry 
Nelson, N. J. 
Nelson, Nils A. 
Nelson, Mrs. Oliver R. 
Nelson, Victor W. 
Netcher. Mrs. Charles 
Neu, Clarence L. 
Neuffer, Paul A. 
Xewhall, R. Frank 
Nichols, George P. 
Nichols, Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, Mrs. George 

R., Jr. 
Nichols. J. C. 
Nichols, S. F. 
Nichols, Warren 
Nicholson, Thomas G. 
Noble, Orlando 
Noelle, Joseph B. 
Nollau, Miss Emma 
Noonan, Edward J. 
Norcross. Frederic F. 
Norris, Mrs. Lester 
Norris, Mrs. William W. 
Norton, Mrs. 0. W. 
Norton, R. H. 
Novak, Charles J. 
Noyes, A. H. 
Noyes, Allan S. 
Noyes, Da^'id A. 
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells 
Nusbaum. Mrs. Carl B. 
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert 

Gates, James F. 
Oberfelder, Herbert M. 
Oberfelder, Walter S. 
O'Brien, Frank J. 
O'Brien. Mrs. William 

Vincent, Jr. 
Odell. William R. 
O'Donnell, Miss Rose 
Off, Mrs. Clifford 
Offield, James R. 
Oglesbee. Nathan H. 
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D. 

Olcott, Mrs. Henry C. 
Oldefest, Edward G. 
Oliver, Gene G. 
Oliver, Mrs. Paul 
Olson, Gustaf 
Omo, Don L. 
Oppenheimer, Alfred 
Oppenheimer, Mrs. 

Harn,- D. 
Oppenheimer, Julius 
Orndoff, Dr. Beniamin H. 
O'Rourke, .Albert 
Orr, Mrs. Eleanor N. 
Orr, Mrs. Robert C. 
Orthal, A. J. 
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie 
Osborn, Theodore L. 
Ostrom, Charles S. 
Ostrom, Mrs. James 

Otis, J. Sanford 
Otis, Joseph E. 
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr. 
Otis, Lucius J. 
Otis, Ralph C. 
Otis, RajTnond 
Otis, Stuart Huntington 
Otis, Mrs. Xavier L. 
Ouska, John A. 
Owings, Mrs. Nathaniel A. 

Paasche, Jens A. 
Packard, Dr. Rollo K. 
Paepcke, Walter P. 
Page-Wood, Gerald 
Pagin, Mrs. Frank S. 
Palmer, Percival B. 
Pam, Miss Carrie 
Pardridge, Albert J. 
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W. 
Park. R. E. 
Parker, Frank B. 
Parker, Dr. Gaston C. 
Parker, Norman S. 
Parker, Trov L. 
Parks, C. R. 
Parmelee, Dr. A. H. 
Paschen, Mrs. Annette A. 
Paschen, Mrs. Henr>- 
Patrick, Miss Catherine 
Patrick. Dr. Hugh T. 
Pauling, Edward G. 
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S. 
Peabody, Howard B. 
Peabody, Miss Susan W. 
Peacock, Robert E. 
Peacock, Walter C. 
Pearse, Langdon 
Pearson, F. W. 
Pearson, George 

Albert, Jr. 
Peck. Dr. David B. 

Peet, Mrs. Belle G. 
Peet, Fred N. 
Peirce, Albert E. 
Pellev, John J. 
Peltier, M. F. 
PenDell, Charles W. 
Percy, Dr. Nelson 

Perkins, A. T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F. 
Perr\-, Dr. Ethel B. 
Perrj', L Nev,-ton 
Peter, William F. 
Peterkin. Daniel 
Peters, Harr%- A. 
Petersen, Jurgen 
Petersen, Dr. William F. 
Peterson, Albert 
Peterson, Alexander B. 
Peterson, Mrs. Anna J. 
Peterson, Arthur J. 
Peterson, Axel A. 
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I. 
Pllaum, A. J. 
Ptlock, Dr. John J. 
Phelps. Mrs. W. L. 
Phemister, Dr. Dallas B. 
Phillip, Peter 
Phillips, Herbert Morrow 
Richer, Mrs. Oliver S. 
Pick. Albert, Jr. 
Pick, George 
Pierce, J. Norman 
Pierce, Paul 
Pirie, Mrs. John T. 
Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L. 
Plapp. Miss Doris A. 
Piatt, Mrs. Robert S. 
Plunkett, William H. 
Podell, Mrs. Beatrice 

Polk. "Mrs. Stella F. 
Pollock, Dr. Harry L. 
Pomeroy. Mrs. Frank W. 
Pond, Irving K. 
Pool, Man.-in B. 
Pool, Mrs. W. Cioyd 
Poole, Mrs. Frederick 

Poole, George A. 
Poole, Mrs. Ralph H. 
Poor. Fred A. 
Poor, Mrs. Fred A. 
Pope. Frank 
Pope. Henry 
Pope. Herbert 
Poppenhagen, Henrv" J. 
Porter, Mrs. Frank S. 
Porter, Henry H., Jr. 
Porter, James F. 
Portertield, Mrs. John F. 
Post. Frederick, Jr. 

412 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Post, Gordon W. 
Post, Mrs. Philip Sidney 
Pottenger, William A. 
Powell, Mrs. Ambrose V. 
Powell, Isaac N. 
Prahl, Frederick A. 
Pratt, Mrs. William E. 
Primley, Walter S. 
Prince, Rev. Herbert W. 
Prince, Leonard M. 
Prussing, Mrs. George C. 
Psota, Dr. Frank J. 
Puckey, F. W. 
Pulver, Hugo 
Purcell, Joseph D. 
Purdy, Sparrow E. 
Pusey, Dr. William Allen 
Putnam, Miss Mabel C. 

Quigley, William J. 
Quinlan, Dr. William W. 

Radau, Hugo 
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr. 
Raflf, Mrs. Arthur 
Raftree, Miss Julia M. 
Railton, Miss Frances 
Randall, Charles P. 
Randall, Rev. Edwin J. 
Randall, Irving 
Randle, Guy D. 
Randle, Hanson F. 
Rankin, Miss Jessie H. 
Rasmussen, George 
Ray, Hal. S. 
Raymond, Mrs. 

Howard D. 
Razim, A. J. 
Reach, Benjamin F. 
Redington, F. B. 
Redington, Mrs. W. H. 
Reed, Mrs. Kersey Coates 
Reed, Norris H. 
Reed, Mrs. Philip L. 
Reeve, Mrs. Earl 
Reeve, Frederick E. 
Regensteiner, Theodore 
Regnery, William H. 
Reich, Miss Annie 
Reichmann, Alexander F. 
Reid, Mrs. Bryan 
Reiter, Joseph J. 
Remy, Mrs. William 
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles 
Renwick, Edward A. 
Rew, Mrs. Irwin 
Reynolds, Harold F. 
Reynolds, Mrs, Henry J. 
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J. 
Rice, Arthur L. 
Rice, George L. 
Rice, Laurence A. 

Rich, Edward P. 

Rich, Elmer 

Richards, J. DeForest 

Richardson, George A. 

Richardson, Guy A. 

Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W. 

Richter, Bruno 

Rickcords, Francis S. 

Ricketts, C. Lindsay 

Riddle, Herbert H. 

Ridgeway, Ernest 

Ridgway, William 

Riemenschneider, Mrs. 
Julius H. 

Ries, Dr. Emil 

Rieser, Mrs. Herman 

Rieser, Leonard M. 

Rietz, Elmer W. 

Rietz, Walter H. 

Rigney, William T. 

Rinder, E. W. 

Ring, Miss Mary E. 

Ripstra, J. Henri 

Rittenhouse, Charles J. 

Roach, Charles H. 

Robbins, Percy A. 

Roberts, Clark T. 

Roberts, John M. 

Roberts, Dr. S. M. 
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R. 
Roberts, William Munsell 
Robinson, Mrs. Milton E. 
Robson, Mrs. Sarah C. 
Roche, Miss Emily 
Rockwell, Harold H. 
Roderick, Solomon P. 
Rodgers, Dr. David C. 
Rodman, Thomas Clifford 
Roehling, C. E. 
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G. 
Roehm, George R. 
Rogers, Miss Annie T. 
Rogers, Bernard F., Jr. 
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C. 
Rogers, Joseph E. 
Rogerson, Everett E. 
Roloson, Robert M. 
Romer, Miss Dagmar E. 
Root, John W. 
Rosen, M. R. 
Rosenlsaum, Mrs. 

Edwin S. 
Rosenfeld, Mrs. Maurice 
Rosenfield, William M. 
Rosenthal, James 
Rosenthal, Kurt 
Rosenthal, Lessing 
Rosenwald, Richard M. 
Ross, Charles S. 
Ross, Robert C. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert'E. 
Ross, Thompson 

Ross, Walter S. 
Roth, Aaron 
Roth, Mrs. Margit 

Rothacker, Watterson R. 
Rothschild, George 

Rothschild, Maurice L. 
Rothschild, Melville N. 
Routh, George E., Jr. 
Rowe, Edgar C. 
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma 
Rubel, Dr. Maurice 
Rubens, Mrs. Charles 
Rubovits, Toby 
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. 

Rueckheim, F. W. 
Rueckheim, Miss Lillian 
Ruel, John G. 
Rushton, Joseph A. 
Russell, Dr. Joseph W. 
Russell, Paul S. 
Rutledge, George E. 
Ryan, Henry B. 
Ryerson, Donald M. 
Ryerson, Mrs. Edward L. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 

Sackley, Mrs. James A. 
Sage, W. Otis 
Salisbury, Mrs. 

Warren M. 
Salmon, Mrs. E. D. 
Sammons, Wheeler 
Sandidge, Miss Daisy 
Sands, Mrs. Frances B. 
Sardeson, Orville A. 
Sargent, Chester F. 
Sargent, John R. W. 
Sargent, Ralph 
Sauer, William A. 
Sauter, Fred J. 
Sauter, Leonard J, 
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L. 
Schacht, John H. 
Schaffer, Dr. David N. 
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph 
Schaflfner, Robert C. 
Scheidenhelm, Edward L. 
Scheinman, Jesse D. 
Schermerhorn, W. I. 
Scheunemann, Robert G. 
Schlake, William 
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L. 
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna 
Schmitz, Dr. Henry 
Schmitz, Nicholas J. 
Schneider, F. P. 
Schnering, Otto Y. 
Schnur, Ruth A. 
SchoU, Dr. William M. 


Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Schram, Harry S. 
Schreiner, Sigurd 
Schroeder, Dr. George H. 
Schukraft, William 
Schulman, A. S. 
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde 
Schulze, William 
Schupp, Philip C. 
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel 

J., Jr. 
Schwanke, Arthur 
Schwartz, Charles K. 
Schwartz, Charles P. 
Schwarz, Herbert E. 
Schwarzhaupt, Emil 
Sclanders, Mrs. Alexander 
Scott, Frank H. 
Scott, Robert L. 
Scribner, Gilbert 
Scully, Mrs. D. B. 
Seaman, George M. 
Seames, Mrs. Charles 0. 
Sears, J. Alden 
Sears, Richard W., Jr. 
Seaver, Andrew E. 
Seaverns, George A. 
Seavems, Louis C. 
See, Dr. Agnes Chester 
Seeberger, Miss Dora A. 
Seeburg, Justus P. 
Seifert, Mrs. Walter J. 
Seip, Emil G. 
Seipp, Clarence T. 
Seipp, Edwin A. 
Seipp, William C. 
Sello, George W. 
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. G. W. 
Seng, Frank J. 
Seng, J. T. 
Seng, V. J. 
Senne, John A. 
Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Shaffer, Carroll 
Shaffer, Charles B. 
Shambaugh, Dr. GeorgeE . 
Shanesy, Ralph D. 
Shannon, Angus Roy 
Shapiro, Meyer 
Sharpe, N. M. 
Shaw, Alfred P. 
Shaw, Mrs. Howard 
Shaw, Theodore A. 
Sheehy, Edward 
Sheldon, James M. 
Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene 
Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P. 
Sherman, Mrs. Francis 

C, Sr. 
Shields, James Culver 
Shillestad, John N. 
Shire, Moses E. 
Shoan, Nels 

Shockey, Mrs. Willis G. 
Shorey, Clyde E. 
Shoup, A. D. 
Shumway, Mrs. Edward 

Shumway, P. R. 
Sigman, Leon 
Silander, A. I. 
Silberman, Charles 
Silberman, David B. 
Silberman, Hubert S. 
Sills, Clarence W. 
Silverthorne, George M. 
Simond, Robert E. 
Simonds, Dr. James P. 
Simonek, Dr. B. K. 
Sincere, Benjamin E. 
Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank 
Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H. 
Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace Powell 
Skooglund, David 
Sleeper, Mrs. Olive C. 
Slocum, J. E. 
Smith, Mrs. C. R. 
Smith, Mrs. Emery J. 
Smith, Mrs. Frank S. 
Smith, Franklin P. 
Smith, Harold Byron 
Smith, Jens 
Smith, Jesse E. 
Smith, Mrs. Katherine 

Smith, Mrs. Kinney 
Smith, Samuel K. 
Smith, Sidney 
Smith, Mrs. Theodore 

Smith, Walter Bourne 
Smith, Walter Byron 
Smith, Mrs. William A. 
Smith, Z. Erol 
Smullan, Alexander 
Snow, Edgar M. 
Snow, Fred A. 
Socrates, Nicholas 
Solem, Dr. George O. 
Sonnenschein, Edward 
Sonnenschein, Hugo 
Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert 
Sonneveld, Jacob 
Soper, Henry M. 
Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H. 
Soravia, Joseph 
Sorensen, James 
Spencer, Mrs. WiUiam M. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Frederick W. 
Spiegel, Mrs. Mae 0. 
Spitz, Joel 
Spitz, Leo 
Spitzglass, Mrs. 

Leonard M. 
Spohn, John F. 

Spoor, Mrs. John A. 
Sprague, Dr. John P. 
Springer, Mrs. Samuel 
Squires, John G. 
Staack, Otto C. 
Stacey, Mrs. Thomas I. 
Staley, Miss Mary B. 
Stanton, Dr. E. M. 
Stanton, Edgar 
Stanton, Henry T. 
Starrels, Joel 
Stebbins, Fred J. 
Steffens, Ralph Sutherland 
Steffey, David R. 
Stein, Benjamin F. 
Stein, Dr. Irving 
Stein, L. Montefiore 
Stein, Samuel M. 
Stenson, Frank R. 
Sterba, Dr. Joseph V. 
Stern, Alfred Whital 
Stern, David B. 
Stern, Felix 
Stern, Maurice S. 
Stern, Oscar D. 
Stevens, Delmar A. 
Stevens, Edward J. 
Stevens, Elmer T. 
Stevens, Harold L. 
Stevens, James W. 
Stevens, Mrs. James W. 
Stevens, R. G. 
Stevens, Raymond W. 
Stevenson, Dr. 

Alexander F. 
Stevenson, Engval 
Stewart, Miss Agnes 

Stewart, Miss Eglantine 

Stewart, James S. 
Stewart, Miss Mercedes 

Stibolt, Mrs. Carl B. 
Stiger, Charles W. 
Stirling, Miss Dorothy 
Stockton, Miss Josephine 
Stone, Mrs. Jacob S. 
Strandberg, Erik P. 
Straus, David 
Straus, Martin L. 
Straus, Melvin L. 
Straus, S. J. T. 
Strauss, Dr. Alfred A. 
Strauss, Henry X. 
Strauss, John L. 
Street, Mrs. Charles A. 
Strobel, Charles L. 
Stromberg, Charles J. 
Strong, Edmund H. 
Strotz, Harold C. 
Struby, Mrs. Walter V. 

414 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Stulik, Dr. Charles 
Sturges, Hollister 
Sturges, Solomon 
Sturtevant, Henry D. 
Suekoff, Louis A. 
Sullivan, Hon. John J. 
Sulzberger, Frank L. 
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary 
Sutherland, William 
Sutton, Harold I. 
Swan, Oscar H. 
Swanson, Joseph E. 
Swartchild, Edward G. 
Swartchild, William G. 
Swenson, S. P. 0. 
Swett, Robert Wheeler 
Swift, Alden B. 
Swift, Mrs. Alden B. 
Swift, Edward F., Jr. 
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred 

Taft, John H. 
Taft, Mrs. Oren E. 
Tarrant, Robert 
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J. 
Taylor, Charles C. 
Taylor, George Halleck 
Taylor, J. H. 
Templeton, Stuart J. 
Templeton, Mrs. William 
Templeton, Walter L. 
Terry, Foss Bell 
Teter, Lucius 
Thatcher, Everett A. 
Theobald, Dr. John J. 
Thomas, Edward H. 
Thomas, Emmet A. 
Thomas, Frank W. 
Thomas, Mrs. Harry L. 
Thomas, Dr. William A. 
Thompson, Arthur H. 
Thompson, Charles E. 
Thompson, Charles F. 
Thompson, Edward F. 
Thompson, Fred L. 
Thompson, Dr. George F. 
Thompson, Mrs. John R. 
Thompson, John R., Jr. 
Thompson, Mrs. Leverett 
Thorne, Hallett W. 
Thome, James W. 
Thornton, Dr. Francis E. 
Thorp, Harry W. 
Thresher, C. J. 
Thulin, F. A. 
Tighe, Mrs. Bryan G. 
Tilden, Averill 
Tilden, Louis Edward 
Tilt, Charles A. 
Tobias, Clayton H. 
Torbet, A. W. 
Touchstone, John Henry 

Towle, Leroy C. 
Towler, Kenneth F. 
Towne, Mrs. John D. C. 
Trainer, J. Milton 
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J. 
Tredwell, John 
Trench, Mrs. Daniel G. 
Tripp, Chester D. 
Trombly, Dr. F. F. 
Trowbridge, Raymond W. 
Trude, Mrs. Mark W. 
Tucker, S. A. 
Turner, Alfred M. 
Turner, Dr. B. S. 
Turner, Tracy L. 
Tuthill, Mrs. Beulah L. 
Tuttle, F. B. 
Tuttle, Henry Emerson 
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N. 
Tyler, Albert S. 
Tyler, Mrs. Orson K. 
Tyrrell, Mrs. Percy 

Uhlmann, Fred 
Ullman, Mrs. N. J. 
Upham, Mrs. Frederic W. 

Valentine, Joseph L. 
Valentine, Mrs. May L. 
Valentine, Patrick A. 
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah 
VanCleef, Paul 
VanDeventer, Christopher 
VanNess, Gardiner B. 
VanSchaick, Gerard 
Van Winkle, James Z. 
VanZwoU, Henry B. 
Vaughan, Leonard H. 
Vawter, William A., II 
Veeder, Mrs. Henry 
Veeder, Miss Jessie 
Vehe, Dr. K. L. 
Vehon, Morris 
Vial, Charles H. 
Vial, Miss Mary M. 
Vickery, Miss Mabel S. 
Victor, Mrs. Jessie K. 
Vierling, Louis 
Vincent, Mrs. William 

Volicas, Dr. John N. 
Volk, Mrs. John H. 
VonColditz, Dr. G. 

VonGlahn, Mrs. August 
Voorhees, Mrs. Condit 
Vopicka, Charles J. 

Wagner, Fritz, Jr. 
Wagner, Dr. G. W. 
Wagner, John E. 
Wagner, Mrs. Mary G. 

Walgreen, Mrs. 

Charles R. 
Walker, James 
Walker, Mrs. Paul 
Walker, William E. 
Wallace, Robert Y. 
Wallace, Walter F. 
Waller, H. P. 
Waller, J. Alexander 
Waller, Mrs. James B. 
Waller, James B., Jr. 
Wallerich, George W. 
Wallovick, J. H. 
Walther, Mrs. S. Arthur 
Ward, Mrs. N. C. 
Ware, Mrs. Charles W. 
Ware, Mrs. Lyman 
Warfield, Edwin A. 
Warren, Allyn D. 
Warren, J. Latham 
Warren, Paul C. 
Warren, Walter G. 
Warwick, W. E. 
Washburne, Clarke 

Hempstead, Jr. 
Washington, Laurence W. 
Wassell, Joseph 
Waterman, Dr. A. H. 
Watson, William Upton 
Watts, Harry C. 
Watzek, J. W., Jr. 
Waud, E. P. 
Wayman, Charles A. G. 
Wean, Frank L. 
Weaver, Charles A. 
Webb, George D. 
Webb, Mrs. Thomas J. 
Weber, Bernard F. 
Weber, Frank C. 
Webster, Arthur L. 
Webster, Miss Helen R. 
Webster, Dr. Ralph W. 
Wedelstaedt, H. A. 
Weil, Martin 
Weiler, Rudolph 
Weinstein, Dr. M. L. 
Weinzelbaum, Louis L. 
Weis, Samuel W. 
Weisbrod, Benjamin H. 
Weiss, Mrs. Morton 
Weissenbach, Mrs. 

Minna K. 
Weisskopf, Maurice J. 
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A. 
Wells, Arthur H. 
Wells, Harry L. 
Wells, John E. 
Wells, Preston A. 
Wells, Thomas E. 
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E. 
Wendell, Barrett, Jr. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Wentworth, Mrs. Moses J. 
Werner, Frank A. 
West, J. Roy 
West, Miss Mary Sylvia 
Westerfeld, Simon 
Westrich, Miss T. C. 
Wetten, Albert H. 
Wettling, Louis E. 
Weymer, Earl M. 
Whealan, Emmett P. 
Wheeler, George A. 
"VVTieeler, Leo W. 
Wheeler, Leslie 
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C. 
Whinery, Charles C. 
White, Harold F. 
White, Mrs. James C. 
White, James E. 
White, Joseph J. 
White, Richard T. 
White, Sanford B. 
White, Selden Freeman 
Whitehouse, Howard D. 
WTiiting, Mrs. Adele H. 
Whiting, J. H. 
Whiting, Lawrence H. 
Whitlock, William A. 
Wiborg, Frank B. 
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A. 
Wieland, Charles J. 
Wieland, Mrs. George C. 
Wienhoeber, George V. 
Wilder, Harold, Jr. 
Wilder, Mrs. John E. 
Wilder, Mrs. T. E. 
Wilkins, George Lester 
Wilkinson, Mrs. 
George L. 

Allison, Dr. Nathaniel 

Bagge, Christian U. 
Bell, Lionel A. 
Bolter, Joseph C. 
Brown, George D. 
Buehler, Carl 
Bush, David D. 

Chamberlin, George W. 
Cowdery, Edward G. 

Delang, Theodore O. 

Eastman, Robert M. 

Foreman, Henry G. 
Franklin, M. E. 

Gheen, Miss Marian H. 
Gibbons, John W. 
Goodspeed, Mrs. 
Wilbur F. 

Wilkinson, John C. 
Willey, Mrs. Charles B. 
Williams, Dr. A. 

Williams, Miss 

Anna P. 
Williams, Harry Lee 
Williams, J. M. 
Williams, Lucian M. 
Williamson, George H, 
Willis, Paul, Jr. 
Willis, Thomas H. 
Wilms, Herman P. 
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane 
Wilson, Harry Bertram 
Wilson, Mrs. John R. 
Wilson, Miss Lillian M. 
Wilson, Morris Karl 
Wilson, Mrs. Robert 

Wilson, Mrs. Robert E. 
Winans, Frank F. 
Windsor, H. H., Jr. 
Winston, Hampden 
Winston, James H. 
Winter, Irving 
Withers, Allen L. 
Wojtalewicz, Rev. 

Francis M. 
Woley, Dr. Harry P. 
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H. 
Wolf, Henry M. 
Wolf, Walter B. 
Wolff, Louis 

Wood, Mrs. Gertrude D. 
Wood, Mrs. Harold F. 
Wood, John G. 
Wood, John H. 

Deceased, 1932 

Gottfried, Carl M. 
Gottschalk, Gustav H. 
Gross, Mrs. Emily 

Jackson, W. J. 

Klee, Nathan 

Lackowski, Frank E. 
Lawrence, W. J. 
Lucas, Mrs. Robert M. 

Magnus, Edward 
Mehring, George 
Moody, Mrs. William 

Pace, J. Madison 
Page, Mrs. William R. 
Piotrowski, Nicholas L. 

Rathje, William J. 
Rayner, Arnold P. 

Wood, Kay, Jr. 
Wood, Robert E. 
Wood, William G. 
Woodmansee, Fay 
Woodruff, George 
Woods, Weightstill 
Woodward, Charles H. 
Worcester, Mrs. 

Charles H. 
Work, Robert 
Wormser, Leo F. 
Worth, Miss Helen E. 
Wrenn, Mrs. Everts 
Wright, Warren 
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W. 
Wunderle, H. O. 
Wyeth, Harry B. 

Yegge, C. Fred 
Yerkes, Richard W. 
Yondorf, John David 
Yondorf, Milton S. 
Yondorf, Milton S., Jr. 
Young, George W. 
Young, Hugh E. 

Zabel, Max W. 
Zapel, Elmer 
Zeisler, Mrs. Erwin P. 
Zerler, Charles F. 
Ziebarth, Charles A. 
Zimmer, Mrs. 
Rudolph E. 
Zimmerman, Herbert P. 
Zimmerman, Louis W. 
Zork, David 
Zulfer, P. M. 

Rehm, Frank A. 

Robbins, Henry S. 
Ryerson, Donald M. 

Schmutz, Mrs. Anna 
Shutz, Albert E. 
Somerville, Robert 

Tenney, Horace Kent 
Thornton, Charles S. 
Towne, Mrs. Arthur F. 

Vehon, William H. 

Ward, Edward J. E. 
Weil, Isidor 
Wells, Arthur G. 
Wermuth, William C. 
White, Robert 
Wilder, John E. 
Willetts, George M. 

Zeuch, Dr. Lucius H. 

416 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 


Those, residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago, who have 
contributed $50 to the Museum 

Baum, Mrs. James 

Phillips, Montagu Austin 

Stevens, Edmund W, 


Those who coniribute $25 annually to the Museum 

Abrahamson, Henry M. 
Aldrich, Mrs. George 

Alsip, Mrs. Charles H. 

Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr. 
Blatchford, Mrs. Paul 
Briggs, J. H. 
Butler, Burridge D. 
Butler, Dr. Craig D. 

Challenger, Mrs. Agnes 
Chapman, Mrs. Doris L. 
Clark, Lincoln R. 
Cogswell, Elmer R. 
Cohen, Louis 
Curtis, Austin 
Guthrie, Jr. 
Curtis, Benjamin J. 

Denkewalter, W. E. 
Deslsles, Mrs. Carrie L. 
Dickey, William E. 
Dickinson, Augustus E. 
Dickinson, Mrs. W. 

Dowdle, John J. 
Dunn, Samuel 0. 

Eddy, Mrs. Augustus W. 

Fetcher, Edwin S. 
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W. 
Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell 
Friestedt, Mrs. 
Herman F. 

Gifford, Mrs. Frederick C. 
Gooder, Seth MacDonald 
Goodman, Mrs. Milton F. 

Gordon, Leslie S. 
Granger, Mrs. Everett J. 
Greene, Henry E. 

Hammond, Mrs. 

Gardiner G. 
Hammond, Luther S., Jr. 
Harris, Miss Lilian I. 
Hayslett, Arthur J. 
Henrv, Huntington B. 
Hill, Mrs. Russell D. 
Hines, Charles M. 
Hintz, John C. 
Hodgkinson, Mrs. W. R. 
Hohman, Dr. E. H. 
Hollingsworth, R. G. 
Howard, Mrs. Elmer A. 

Kavanagh, Clarence H. 
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr. 
Klenk, Paul T. 
Knopf, Andrew J. 
Kochs, August 
Kopp, Gustave 
Kraus, Samuel B. 

Lathrop, Mrs. Bryan 
Lee, Mrs. John H. S. 
Little, Mrs. E. H. 

Mallinson, Edwin 
Mautner, Leo A. 
Merrell, John H. 
Mertens, Cyril P. 
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G. 
Mulligan, George F. 

Nebel, Herman C. 
Newhouse, Karl 
Noble, Samuel R. 

Odell, William R., Jr. 
O'Leary, John W. 
Orr, Thomas C. 

Partridge, Lloyd C. 
Portman, Mrs. Edward C. 
Prentice, John K. 
Press, Mrs. Jacob H. 

Randle, Mrs. Charles H. 
Raney, Mrs. R. J. 
Richards, Marcus D. 
Roberts, Shepard M. 
Rosenthal, Benjamin J. 
Rothschild, Justin 

Sampsell, Marshall E. 
Seelen, Mark B. 
Shaw, E. R. 

Short, Miss Shirley Jane 
Slade, Mrs. Robert 
Staley, Mrs. Maude 
Steams, Mrs. Richard I. 
Stevenson, Mrs. Robert 
Stockton, Eugene M. 
Swiecinski, Walter 

Thorne, Mrs. Virginia 

Titzel, Dr. W. R. 
Trammell, Niles 

Voorhees, H. Belin 
Vories, Harry F., Jr. 

Walker, Samuel J. 
Welter, John N. 
Wienhoeber, William H. 
Wright, H. K. 

Young, Mrs. Caryl B. 

Deceased, 1932 
Smith, Charles S. B. Tilden, Mrs. Edward 

Spielmann, Oscar P. Vail, Carlton M. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 



Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum 

Aagaard, Walter S., Jr. 
Abbott, Edwin H. 
Abbott, Ernest V. 
Abells, H. D. 
Aborn, E. A. 
Abt, Hugo A. F. 
Abt, Dr. Isaac A. 
Adams, Cyrus H., Jr. 
Adams, Mrs. David T. 
Adams, Harvey M. 
Adams, Hugh R. 
Adams, J. Kirk 
Addams, Miss Jane 
Agar, W. S. 
Ahnfelt, John 
Albers, Dr. Edgar H. 
Alden, William T. 
Aldrich, Frederick C. 
Alessio, Frank 
Alexander, Harry T. 
Allen, Dr. A. V. 
Allen, Amos G. 
Allen, C. D. 
Allen, Edwin D. 
Allen, John D. 
Allen, 0. T. 
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F. 
Alsaker, Mrs. Alfred 
Alschuler, Hon. Samuel 
Alt, George E. 
Altheimer, Ben J. 
Altman, Robert M. 
Alton, Robert Leslie 
Amberg, J. Ward 
Amberg, Miss Mary Agnes 
Ames, Mrs. Howard 
Anderson, Mrs. A. S. 
Anderson, Mrs. A. W. 
Anderson, Arch W. 
Anderson, David G. 
Anderson, Elmer T. 
Anderson, Miss Esther T. 
Anderson, Dr. J. B. 
Anheiser, Hugo 
Ankrum, Mrs. E. W. 
Anoflf, Isador S. 
Anthony, Charles E. 
Anthony, Joseph R. 
Arden, Percy H. 
Arens, Dr. Robert A. 
Armstrong, Mrs. H. W. 
Arnold, Francis M. 
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F. 
Arnold, Marshall 
Arnold, Paul E. 
Arthur, Miss Minnie J, 
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Ill 
Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H. 

Atkinson, Mrs. A. L. C. 
Atwell, W. C. 
Atwood, Fred G. 
Austin, E. F. 
Austin, Edwin C. 
Austin, Dr. Margaret 

Austin, William B. 
Axelson, Charles F. 

Babcock, F. M. 
Babcock, Orville E. 
Babcock, Mrs. William F. 
Babcock, William H. 
Bacon, Dr. Charles S. 
Badenoch, David A. 
Bader, Mrs. Gallus J. 
Baer, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Bagby, Mrs. C. B. 
Baker, CM. 
Baker, Claude M. 
Baker, G. W. 
Baker, H. A. 
Balch, Howard K. 
Balderston, Mrs. 

Stephen V. 
Ballard, Mrs. E. S. 
Bangs, William B. 
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr. 
Banning, Samuel W. 
Barber, Mrs. F. L. 
Bard, Ralph A. 
Barger, Mrs. Walter C. 
Barkhausen, Mrs. 

Henry G. 
Barlow, Henry H. 
Barnes, Mrs. Harold 

Barnes, William H. 
Barrett, Miss Adela 
Barrett, M. J. P. 
Barrett, Marshall Frank 
Bartholomay, Herman 
Bartholomay, William, Jr. 
Bartholomew, Mrs. F. H. 
Bartlett, Charles C. 
Bartman, Mrs. Fred A. 
Baum, James E. 
Baumann, Mrs. F. O. 
Baxter, John E. 
Baylor, Dr. Frank W. 
Beach, Calvin B. 
Bean, Edward H. 
Beck, Dr. Joseph C. 
Becker, Mrs. Herbert W. 
Beddoes, Hubert 
Beidler, Augustus F. 
Beifus, Morris 

Bein, Maurice L. 
Beirnes, Mrs. Alvin E. 
Bell, George Irving 
Bell, Hayden N. 
Bender, Mrs. Charles 
Bennett, Edward H. 
Bennett, Mrs. Harold D. 
Bennett, Mrs. Ira F. 
Bennett, Mrs. Reid M. 
Bennett, Mrs. William 

H. K. 
Bennington, Harold 
Benoist, Mrs. William F. 
Benson, Mrs. T. R. 
Bentley, Richard 
Berg, Dr. O. H. 
Berg, Sigard E. 
Berger, R. O. 
Bergh, Ross F. 
Berlizheimer, Miss Lily A. 
Bernstein, Gottfried D. 
Bernstein, Mrs. Jack 
Berry, V. D. 
Bestel, Oliver A. 
Bettman, Dr. Ralph B. 
Biddle, Robert C. 
Bird, Herbert J. 
Birkenstein, Louis 
Bishop, Mrs. Alice M. 
Bixby, Charles R. 
Black, Alfred B. 
Black, Peter M. 
Blackburn, Burr 
Blackwood, Mrs. A. E. 
Blair, Mrs. Henry A. 
Blair, Mrs. W. McCormick 
Blake, Mrs. F. K. 
Blatchford, N. H., Jr. 
Blessing, Lewis G. 
Bliss, Charles F. 
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel 
Block, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Block, Dr. Louis H. 
Blocki, Mrs. Fred W. 
Blomquist, Alfred 
Bloomfield, Mrs. Leonard 
Blue, John 
Bobb, Dwight S. 
Boberg, Niels 
Bodinson, Frederick P. 
Bogert, Mrs. George G. 
Bohner, William F, 
Bolt, M. C. 
Bomberger, Mrs. 

Louden L. 
Bone, A. R. 
Bonner, Francis A. 
Boone, Arthur 

418 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Booth, Mrs. George 
Booth, Mrs. K. A. 
Booz, Norton A. 
Borcherding, E. P. 
Borland, Carl A. 
Borman, T. A. 
Born, Edgar R. 
Borsch, Mrs. Mary 
Bothman, Dr. Louis 
Botthof, Mrs. W. 
Bournique, Alvar L. 
Bourque, Dr. N. Odeon 
Bowe, Augustine J. 
Bowen, Joseph T., Jr. 
Bowes, William R. 
Bowman, Jay 
Boyd, Mrs. E. B. 
Boyd, Joseph K. 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth 
Boyles, Charles D. 
Brachvogel, Mrs. 

Bradbury, Mrs. F. C. 
Bradford, Frederick H. 
Bradley, Herbert E. 
Braese, Mrs. Otto C. 
Brandenburg, Mrs. 0. H. 
Brant, Melburn 
Brashears, J. W. 
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C. 
Breckenridge, Karl S. 
Breed, Frederick S. 
Breen, J. W. 
Bremner, Dr. M. 

David K. 
Brennan, Mrs. George E. 
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph 
Brewer, Edward H. 
Brewer, Harry F. 
Brewerton, William A. 
Brewster, William E. 
Brimstin, W. E. 
Briney, Mrs. H. C. 
Briscoe, George L. 
Brodt, Irwin W. 
Broome, John Spoor 
Broome, Mrs. Thornhill 
Broomell, Chester C. 
Brower, Jule F. 
Brown, Alvia K. 
Brown, Miss Clara M. 
Brown, Dr. E. V. L. 
Brown, Miss Ella W. 
Brown, George A. 
Brown, Gerard S. 
Brown, H. A. 
Brown, H. S. 
Brown, J. D. 
Brown, Mrs. J. F. 
Brown, James Earl 
Brown, Robert B. 
Brown, William A. 

Brown, Mrs. William F. 
Browne, Theodore C. 
Browning, Mrs. Luella A. 
Brucker, Dr. Edward A. 
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W. 
Bruhnke, A. C. 
Brumley, Daniel Joseph 
Brunker, A. R. 
Brunt, J. P. 
Bryant, Donald R. 
Bryant, Mrs. Edward F. 
Bryce, T. Jerrold 
Buchbinder, Dr. J. R. 
Buchen, Walther 
Buck, Nelson Earl 
Buckingham, Mrs. John 
Buckley, Mrs. Warren 
Buell, Mrs. Charles C. 
Buhlig, Paul 
Buhrke, Alfred E. 
Buker, J. E. 
Bullard, Sellar 
Bunck, Edward C. 
Bunker, Charles C. 
Bunnell, John A. 
Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W. 
Bunting, Guy J. 
Bunts, Frederick W. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E. 
Burch, Mrs. W. E., Jr. 
Burdick, Dr. Alfred S. 
Burke, Edmund 
Burkhardt, Charles E. 
Burnet, Mrs. W. A. 
Burnham, Daniel H. 
Burnham, Hubert 
Burns, John J. 
Burridge, Mrs. Howard J. 
Burritt, D. F. 
Burrows, Miss Louisa L. 
Burrows, Mrs. T. W. 
Burry, William, Jr. 
Busch, Francis X. 
Butler, Mrs. Gerald M. 
Butler, Mrs. Lloyd E. 
Butler, Mrs. Russell E. 
Buttner, William C. 
Butts, O. W. 
Buxbaum, Morris 
Byfield, Ernest L. 
Byrnes, William Jerome 

Cable, Arthur G. 
Cahill, William A. 
Cain, G. R. 
Caine, John F. 
Caldwell, Louis G. 
Callahan, Mrs. A. F. 
Callahan, Mrs. Frank J. 
Calvin, Dr. Joseph K. 
Cameron, Ossian 
Cammack, Herbert M. 

Camp, Benjamin B. 
Camp, J. Beidler 
Campbell, Argyle 
Campbell, Donald A. 
Campbell, Mrs. John G. 
Campbell, Mrs. R. D. 
Campbell, Robert W. 
Campe, Frank O. 
Canavan, J. Newell 
Carey, Charles E. 
Carl, Otto Frederick 
Carnahan, Mrs. Glen C. 
Carpenter, John Alden 
Carr, H. C. 
Carr, Dr. James G. 
Carrington, Edmund 
Carter, Allan J. 
Cary, Dr. William 
Casavant, Gustav A. 
Case, Dr. James T. 
Cassady, Mrs. Thomas G. 
Castenholz, W. B. 
Castle, Mrs. Charles S, 
Castle, Sydney 
Caswell, Mrs. A. B. 
Cathcart, Mrs. James A. 
Cavanagh, Harry L. 
Cervenka, John A. 
Chamberlain, Professor 

Charles Joseph 
Chamberlin, Mrs. 

Rollin T. 
Chandler, Charles H. 
Chandler, Frank R. 
Chandler, Dr. Fremont A. 
Chandler, George M. 
Chapin, Rufus F. 
Chapman, William 

Chase, Samuel T. 
Chelius, Joseph F. 
Cherry, Mrs. Walter L. 
Chessman, L. W. 
Childs, Kent C. 
Childs, Theron W. 
Chislett, Miss Kate E. 
Chittenden, Robert B. 
Chrissinger, Horace B. 
Christensen, Henry C. 
Clancy, James F. 
Claney, Miss M. T. 
Clare, Herbert O. 
Clark, C. P. 
Clark, Mrs. Ralph E. 
Clark, Robert H. 
Clark, William Jerome 
Clarke, Broadus J. 
Clarke, Mrs. Henry 

S., Jr. 
Claussen, Edmund J. 
Clayton, Mrs. Anna G. 
Cleary, Mrs. D. F. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Cleary, John J. 
Clements, Rev. Robert 
Clemer, J. H. 
Cleveland, Mrs. A. F. 
Clifford, Thomas B. 
Clithero, W. S. 
Clizbe, Mrs. F. O. 
Clyne, Charles F. 
Coale, George M. 
Coburn, Alonzo J. 
Coburn, John J. 
Cochran, J. L. 
Cochran, Mrs. J. L. 
Cochrane, Mrs. A. B. 
Cochrane, Mrs. Robert M. 
Coe, Frank Gait 
Coffman, A. B. 
Cohen, A. E. 
Cohien, Henry 
Cohn, Charles 
Cole, Lawrence A. 
Coleman, Mrs. 
Adelbert E. 
Coleman, Algernon 
Coleman, B. R. 
Coleman, Clarence L. 
Coleman, Hamilton 
Collins, Arthur W. 
CoUins, Charles W. 
Collins, Mrs. Frank P. 
Collins, George R. 
Collins, Dr. Lorin C. 
Collins, Dr. Rufus G. 
Collison, E. K. 
Colnon, Philip 
Condit, Mrs. J. S. 
Condon, Thomas J. 
Conkey, H. P. 
Consoer, Arthur W. 
Converse, Earl M. 
Converse, William A. 
Cook, Mrs. Chester A. 
Cook, Miss Edith S. 
Cook, Dr. Frances H. 
Cook, Louis T. 
Cook, Sidney A. 
Coon, Robert E. 
Cooper, Miss Adelaide 
Cooper, Mrs. Henry N. 
Copeland, T. A. 
Coppel, Mrs. Charles H. 
Corbin, Mrs. Dana 
Cornelius, J. F. 
Comwell, W. H. 
Corper, Erwin 
Corwin, Dr. Arthur M. 
Cottell, Miss Louisa 
Cowan, Mrs. Grace L. 
Cozzens, Mrs. Frederick B. 
Craddock, John F. 
Cramer, Mrs. Ambrose 
Cramer, S. B. 

Crawford, Adam W. 
Crego, Frank A. 
Crellin, Miss Mary F. 
Crosby, Mrs. Frederick W. 
Crosby, Miss Samuella 
Crowell, Dr. Bowman 

Culbertson, Mrs. 

James A. 
Culley, Mrs. A. B. 
Cuneo, Frank 
Cunningham, Robert 
Cunningham, Robert M. 
Curtis, D. C. 
Cuscadin, Fred A. 

Dahnel, Mrs. E. R. 
Daiches, Eli 
Dallas, C. Donald 
Dalmar, Hugo 
Dammann, Edward C. 
Dankowski, I. F. 
Date, Mrs. S. S. 
Da\ad, Sidney S. 
Davies, P. W. 
Davies, William B. 
Davis, A. M. 
Davis, Alexander M. 
Davis, Erode B. 
Davis, Mrs. Charles P. 
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben 
Davis, Mrs. George A. 
Davis, Dr. H. I. 
Davis, Paul H. 
Davis, Mrs. R. M. 
Davis, Ralph W. 
Dawes, Neil B. 
Dawson, William L. 
Day, Clyde L. 
Dean, William D. 
Deane, Ruthven 
Deans, Mrs. Herbert 

G. P. 
Decker, Hiram E. 
Dee, Mrs. William E. 
Defrees, Mrs. Donald 
Defrees, Mrs. Joseph H. 
Degener, August W. 
Degenhardt, Dr. Edgar 
DeGerald, Hartley 
Dehning, Mrs. C. H. 
Deimel, Mrs. Jerome L. 
Deininger, Mrs. D. M. 
DeLamarter, Mrs. Eric 
DeLoach, Dr. R. J. H. 
DeLong, F. T. 
Demaree, H. S. 
Deneen, Robert J. 
Denison, Mrs. John 

Deniston, Mrs. Albert 

J., Jr. 

Dennis, Willard P. 
DePeyster, Frederic A. 
Derham, John A. 
Dering, Mrs. Edith S. 
DeSauty, Sydney 
D'Esposito, Joshua 
Diener, George W. 
Dignan, Dr. Frank W. 
Dillbahner, Frank 
Dingle, Mrs. Florence 

Dittmar, Miss Louise K. 
Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M. 
Doctoroff, John 
Dodds, Roland P. 
Doering, Mrs. Edmund 

J., Jr. 
Donahey, Mrs. William 
Donnelley, Thome 
Dorney, Rev. Maurice A. 
Dosch, Henry C. 
Drake, Mrs. Seth C. 
Draper, James 
Drell, Mrs. J. B. 
Drew, Miss E. L. 
Drezmal, Max A. 
Drielsma, I. J. 
Drinkall, Dr. Earl J. 
Drymalski, Paul 
Dunbaugh, George J. 
Dunbaugh, Harry J. 
Duncan, W. S. 
Dunigan, Edward B. 
Dunlap, Mrs. T. M. 
Dunn, Edward J. 
Dunning, N. Max 
Durland, Miss Ethel 

Durr, Mrs. Herbert A. 
Dwen, Robert Greene 

Easter, Adolph H. 
Eccles, Dr. Friend R. 
Eckhart, Mrs. B. A. 
Edlin, Dr. J. Vernon 
Edmonds, Miss Nora 
Ehrman, Walter E. 
Ehrmann, Dr. Fred J. E. 
Eich, John William 
Eilert, Mrs. M. A. 
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B. 
Ek, John A. 

Eldred, Mrs. Harriot W. 
Elich, Mrs. Herman 
Ellbogen, Mrs. Max 
Eilert, Arnold M. 
EUinson, Mrs. William J. 
Elliott, Dr. Clinton A. 
Elliott, Francke C. 
Elliott, Mrs. R. H. 
Ellis, C. Groverman 
Elmendorf, Armin 

420 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Elmer, Miss Lulu Shepard 
Elmslie, George G. 
Elting, Victor 
Emery, Mrs. Fred A. 
Emery, William H. 
Emig, Howard A. 
Engelhart, Frank C. 
Englander, Mrs. Marcelite 
English, John J. 
Engstrom, Harold 
Erd, Arthur A. 
Erickson, Elmer 
Erickson, H. E. 
Ericsson, Dewey A. 
Esdohr, F. H. 
Espenshade, Mrs. E. B. 
Estes, Clarence E. 
Ettelson, Mrs. Samuel A. 
Eulass, Elmer A. 
Evans, Mrs. Arthur T. 
Evans, Floyd Butler 
Evans, Mrs. Timothy 

Everett, Edward W. 
Ewing, Davis 

Fabrice, Edward H. 
Fahrenfeld, Mrs. Fred W. 
Falls, Dr. S. H. 
Fani, Father Charles 
Fanning, Charles G. 
Farquharson, William J. 
Farrell, William W. 
Farrier, Clarence W. 
Farwell, Albert D. 
Farwell, Edward P. 
Farwell, Stanley P. 
Faulkner, Dr. Louis 
Felsenthal, Herman 
Fenton, J. R. 
Fetzer, Wade, Jr. 
Feuchtinger, Eugene 
Feuchtwanger, Mrs. 

Field, Heman H. 
Field, Henry 
Field, Mrs. J. A. 
Field, Mrs. Wentworth G. 
Fiery, E. Irving 
Findlay, Dr. Ephraim K. 
Finigan, Thomas 
Fink, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Fischer, Mrs. Charles W. 
Fischrupp, George 
Fitch, Thomas 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. H. P. 
Fitzpatrick, James R. 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. T. F. 
Flaherty, Mrs. Earl V. 
Flaherty, Joseph F. 
Fleming, Miss Ada M. 
Fleming, Edward J. 

Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Fletcher, Mrs. R. V. 
Floreen, Mrs. Adolph R. 
Flynn, Maurice J. 
Foley, Mrs. John Burton 
Folsom, Mrs. William R. 
Forch, Mrs. John L., Jr. 
Ford, N. A. 
Fordyce, Mrs. R. L. 
Foreman, Dr. Oliver C. 
Forrest, George D. 
Forrest, Maulsby 
Forrester, Mrs. W. W. 
Forsyth, Dr. Edna M. 
Fortelka, Dr. Frank L. 
Fortune, John L. 
Fowler, Gordon F. 
Fowler, Harold A. 
Fox, Hugo E. 
Fox, Professor Philip 
Foy, John J. 
Frame, C. L. 
Frank, Mrs. Arthur A. 
Frank, John M. 
Frank, Samuel I. 
Franklin, Egington 
Eraser, Norman D. 
Frazee, Seward C. 
Frazer, Mrs. G. E. 
Frederick, Mrs. 

Clarence L. 
Freehof, Dr. Solomon B. 
Freeman, Mrs. Ernest H. 
Freeman, Victor E. 
Freiler, Abraham J. 
Freitag, F. J. 
French, Mrs. Harry P. 
Frenzel, Mrs. Henry 
Freund, Erwin 0. 
Fried, Harry N. 
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton 
Frieder, Edward N. 
Friedrichs, Mrs. Edith E. 
Friend, Mrs. Alexander 
Friend, Oscar F. 
Froebe, Miss Edith 
Fucik, E. J. 

Fuller, Mrs. Eugene W. 
F^iller, Dr. George 

Funk, Mrs. C. S. 
Funk, G. W. 

Gable, Harley O. 
Gaither, Otho S. 
Gale, Abram 
Gallauer, Carl 
Galloway, Dr. Charles E. 
Galvin, Joseph X. 
Gano, David R. 
Gardner, Robert H. 
Garwood, Victor E. 

Gary, Dr. I. Clark 
Gates, Philip R. 
Gaul, H. J. 
Geiger, Dr. A. H. 
Geraghty, Mrs. 

Thomas F. 
Geringer, Charles M. 
Gervais, Mrs. W. B. 
Getschow, George M. 
Getts, Henry L. 
Geyer, Mrs. Joseph V. 
Gibbs, Mrs. Walter M. 
Gibbs, William J. 
Gibbs, Dr. William W. 
Gibson, Mrs. Will A., Jr. 
Gielsdorf, Miss Helen P. 
Gilbert, Allan T. 
Gilbert, Mrs. N. C. 
Gilchrist, Miss Harriet F. 
Giles, Miss A. H. 
Giles, Dr. Roscoe 
Gilkes, William H. 
Gill, Adolph 
Gillanders, Kenneth 
Gilleland, P. H. 
Gindele, Mrs. C. W. 
Gits, Mrs. Remi J. 
Glader, Frank J. 
Gladish, Rev. W. L. 
Glass, William Q. 
Gleason, Mrs. M. B. 
Gledhill, Edward 
Glick, Benjamin J. 
Glidden, Mrs. Henry L. 
Glover, John 
Glynn, Mrs. John E. 
Goble, Mrs. E. R. 
Goddard, Mrs. Convers 
Godfrey, Joseph, Jr. 
Goldfield, Dr. Bernard 
Golding, Gustav 
Goldman, Mrs. Louis 
Goldman, Mrs. M. 
Goldsmith, Henry M. 
Goodkind, Mrs. A. L. 
Gordon, Miss Maude 
Gore, Mrs. Edward E. 
Gould, George W. 
Gramm, Dr. Carl T. 
Grauer, Milton H. 
Graver, Philip S. 
Graves, Mrs. B. C. 
Graves, Mrs. George E. 
Gray, Mrs. William S. 
Graydon, Charles E. 
Grear, W. S. 
Green, Walter H. 
Greenebaum, Mrs. Esther 
Greenlee, William B. 
Gregg, John Wyatt 
Gregg, Robert D. 
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B. 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Grein, Joseph 
Grey, Newton F. 
Gridley, Mrs. B. F. 
Griesser, Mrs. Hans 

Griffin, Bennett 
Griffin, Mrs. J. J. 
Griffith, Mrs. Carroll L. 
Griffith, Mrs. M. A. 
Grimmer, Dr. A. H. 
Grinnell, Robert L. 
Groebe, Louis G. 
Groot, Mrs. Cornelius J. 
Groot, Lawrence A. 
Grosfield, Mme. 

Bertha M. 
Gruetzmacher, Clyde C. 
Grut, Harry N. 
Gudeman, Dr. Edward 
Guettler, H. W. 
Guilliams, John R. 
Guinan, James J. 
GuUickson, Rollo 
Gunderson, Mrs. 

George O. 
Gunnar, Mrs. H. P. 
Gurley, Miss Helen K. 
Guthrie, Miss Mary G. 

Haas, Adolph R. 
Haas, Samuel L. 
Hack, Miss Helen V. 
Haekett, Horatio B. 
Haedtler, Martin C. 
Haerther, William W. 
Hagen, Roland V. 
Hagey, J. F. 
Haines, Miss Tina 

Hajek, Henry F. 
Haley, Dr. C. O. 
Hall, Arthur B. 
Hall, George C. 
Hall, Henry C. 
Hall, J. Russell 
Hall, Louis W. 
Hallenbeck, Mrs. C. W. 
Halsted, Mrs. A. E. 
Hambleton, C. J. 
Hamilton, Alex K. 
Hamilton, Mrs. 

Chester F. 
Hamilton, Hugo A. 
Hamilton, J. R. 
Hamilton, Robert J. 
Hamline, Mrs. John H. 
Hammer, Thomas H. 
Hammond, Mrs. I. L. 
Hammond, Miss Violet F. 
Hammond, William J. 
Hancock, Frank A. 
Haney, Mrs. S. C. 

Hann, J. Roberts 
Hansen, A. S. 
Hansen, Adolph H. 
Hansen, Edward C. 
Hanson, August E. 
Hanson, Harry E. 
Hanson, Harry S. 
Hanson, Martin J. 
Harbecke, H. H. 
Harder, Miss Louise 
Harding, Mrs. Charles F. 
Hardwicke, Harry 
Hardy, Henry G. 
Hardy, Walter Davis 
Hare, Howard B. 
Harmon, Hubert P. 
Harpel, Mrs. Charles J. 
Harrigan, E. J. 
Harriman, Frank B. 
Harris, Mrs. Abraham 
Harris, Ewart 
Harris, Frank F. 
Harris, Mrs. Samuel H. 
Harrison, Edward R. 
Harrison, Harry P. 
Harrison, William H. 
Harrold, James P. 
Harshaw, Myron T. 
Harshbarger, Miss 

Dema E. 
Hart, Mrs. G. H. 
Hart, Harry M. 
Hart, Louis E. 
Hart, Max A. 
Hart, Robert H. 
Hart, Mrs. Walter H. 
Hartford, Mrs. George 

Hartigan, Mrs. A. F. 
Hartigan, Clare 
Hartmann, Henry 
Hartmann, Mrs. Hugo 
Harvey, Byron S. 
Harvey, Mrs. Harold B. 
Haskell, L. A. 
Haskins, Raymond G. 
Haskins, Mrs. Virginia W. 
Hattstaedt, Mrs. John J. 
Haugan, Jevne 
Hausler, Mrs. M., Jr. 
Hauter, Mrs. A. N. 
Haven, Mrs. Alfred C. 
Hawkins, Frank P. 
Hawkins, J. C. 
Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar 
Hawthorne, Vaughn R. 
Hayt, William H. 
Hazard, Miss Carolyn R. 
Healy, John J. 
Hebel, Hon. Oscar 
Heberling, Russell L. 
Heckel, Edmund P. 

Hector, Dr. William S. 
Hedblom, Mrs. Carl A. 
Hedges, Fleming D. 
Heding, Gustave 
Heg, Ernest 
Heide, Bernard H. 
Heifetz, Samuel 
Heineke, Carl 
Heineman, Mrs. P. G. 
Heinemann, John B. 
Helebrandt, Louis 
Heller, Ward 
Hemington, Mrs. Francis 
Henderson, B. E. 
Henderson, Mrs. Burton 

Henderson, Mrs. C. K. 
Hendrickson, Magnus 
Henning, Charles F. 
Henschen, Henry S. 
Henschien, H. Peter 
Hensel, Herman E. 
Hepp, Miss Serena 
Herdliska, Mrs. F. I. 
Herlihy, Frank J. 
Hertz, Mrs. John D. 
Hertzberg, Edward 
Herzman, Dr. 

Morris H. 
Hess, Edward J. 
Hess, Mrs. J. H. 
Hess, John L. 
Hess, Sol H. 
Hessert, Gustav 
Hessler, John B. 
Heubach, Mrs. Lydia 
Heym, Dr. A. 
Heymann, Emanuel M. 
Heymann, L. H. 
Heywood, Oliver C. 
Hibbard, Angus S. 
High, Mrs. George H. 
High, Shirley T. 
Highley, Miss Lyle A. 
Hill, Mrs. Cyrus G. 
Hill, Mrs. Frank L. 
Hill, Mrs. Marshall W. 
Hill, Miss Meda A. 
Hilliard, Mrs. William 
Hillman, Edward 
Hills, Edward R. 
Hilpert, Willis S. 
Hilton, Henry H. 
Hines, Ralph J. 
Hirsch, Dr. Edwin F. 
Hirsh, Morris Henry 
Hiter, Frank A. 
Hoadley, Mrs. Arthur G. 
Hoag, Mrs. Junius C. 
Hoche, Mrs. Edmond S. 
Hochstadter, Gustav 
Hodge, Thomas P. 

422 Field :Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 

Hoeft, Mrs. Adolph R. 
Hoellen, John J. 
Hoff, C. W. 
Holabird, John A. 
Holden, Charles R. 
Holden, Hale, Jr. 
Hollingsworth, Dr. E. W. 
Holloway, Harry C. 
Holm, Gottfried 
Holnian, Alfred L. 
Holmes, Dr. Bayard 
Holmes, Fred C. 
Holmes, Mrs. Robert L. 
Holmes, Thomas J. 
Holran, Mrs. John 

Holt,' Mrs. Arthur E. 
Holt, James A. 
Holt, McPherson 
Honore, Mrs. Lockwood 
Hood. George A. 
Hooge, Dr. Ludwig F. 
Hopkins, Alvah S. 
Hopkins, James M., Jr. 
Homer. Hon. Henry 
Homer, Walter A. 
Homung, Joseph J. 
Horween, Ralph 
Hosford, William R. 
Houghteling, James L. 
Houser, Mrs. Agnes Ricks 
Howard, P. S. 
Howe, Irwin M. 
Hoyer, Thomas H. 
Ho>-t, N. Landon, Jr. 
Ho>'t. William M., II 
Hryniewiecki, Dr. Stefan 
Hubbard, E. J. 
Hubbard, Mrs. William 

Hubbell, William J. 
Huebsch, Mrs. Helen M. 
Huenink, H. L. 
Huettmann, Fred 
Hufty, Mrs. F. P. 
Hughes, G^eorge A. 
Hughes. Mrs. James 
Hughes, Rev. Richard D. 
Hughes, W. V. 
Huguenor, Lloyd B. 
Humiston, Dr. Charles E. 
Hunt, Mrs. Robert G. 
Hunter, W. Kelso 
Hurd, Mrs. F. A. 
Kurd, Harry B. 
Hurd, Max H. 
Hurley, Frank J. 
Hurwitz, Morris J. 
Husmann, Mrs. 

Theodore F. 
Hutchinson, Mrs. C. L. 

Huttel, Mrs. A. N. 
Huxley, Henry M. 
Hyatt, R. C. 
H>Tners, Mrs. Edward 
Hyndman, Mrs. A. H. 

Ibsen, Mrs. Norman 
Icely, Lav,Tence B. 
Inderrieden, Miss L. E. 
Ingram, Harold S. 
Iralson. Mrs. Moses 
Irwin, Amory T. 
Isaacs, Michael H. 
Iverson, Harry J. 

Jaburg, Mrs. John 
Jackson, Howard K. 
Jackson, Mrs. Pleda H. 
Jackson, W. H. 
Jackson, William F. 
Jacobs, E. G. 
Jacobs, Nate 
Jacobs, Walter H. 
Jacobs, Whipple 
Jacobson, Egbert G. 
Jacobson, Harry 
Jacobus, Graham B. 
James, Mrs. Ralph H. 
James, Dr. R. L. 
Jamieson, Norman R. 
Janata, Louis J. 
Jane, William T. 
Jannotta, J. E. 
Jarchow, Mrs. C. E. 
Jar\is, William B. 
Jefferson, Mrs. Edith H. 
Jennings, Mrs. C. A. 
Jensen, Carl F. 
Jemberg, Carl L. 
Jessup, Theodore 
Jewell, Miss Helen M. 
Jewett, Mrs. George C. 
Jewett, Miss Josephine J. 
Jirsa, Dr. Otto J. 
Joern, Wanda M. 
Johnson, B. W. 
Johnson, Edmund G. 
Johnson, Miss Edna 

Johnson, Evan 
Johnson, Frank 
Johnson, Harr\' T. 
Johnson, Mrs. Herbert S. 
Johnson, Mrs. Lorena M. 
Johnson, M. 
Johnson, Martin A. 
Johnson, Oliver W. 
Johnson, Mrs. W. B. 
Johnson, Mrs. Walter H. 
Johnston, Ira B. 
Johnston, W. Robert 
Johnstone, Mrs. Bruce 

Jones, Mrs. C. A. 
Jones, D. C. 
Jones, George R. 
Jones, Homer D., Jr. 
Jones, Howard B. 
Jones, Owen Barton 
Jones, Mrs. Roswell N. 
Jones, Walter Clyde, Jr. 
Jordan, Miss Irene C. 
Jourdan, Al 
Joy, James A. 
•Judd, Harry L. 
Judd, Mrs. Robert 

Judson, Clay 
Juergens, Miss Anna 
Junker, Richard A. 

Kaempfer, Fred 
Kanavel, Dr. Allen B. 
Kann, Max M. 
Kannally, Michael V. 
Kanter, Dr. Aaron E. 
Karnes, George 
Karpen, Solomon 
Karstrom, J. 0. 
Kass, Peter 

Kaufmann, Dr. GustavL. 
Kaye, Joseph M. 
Keefe, Mrs. George I. 
Keene, William J. 
Keig, Marshall E. 
Kelley, Gordon P. 
Kellogg, James G. 
Kelly, Frank S. 
Kelly, Mrs. Harry L. 
Kelly, John Hayes 
Kemp, Philip G._ 
Kemper, Miss Hilda M. 
Kenly, Mrs. William K, 
Kennedy, Da\id E. 
Kennedy, Mrs. Edward A. 
Kennedy, Lesley 
Kennedy, Mrs. Robert E. 
Kent, Henry R. 
Kenyon, Mrs. E. F. 
Keogh, Mrs. James B. 
Keplinger, W. A. 
Keppner, H. W. 
Kerwin, Edward M. 
Kestnbaum, Meyer 
Keyser, Charles F. 
Kifbert, Mrs. Robert 
Kimball, William W. 
Kindsvogel, W. G. 
King, Mrs. Cahin P. 
King, Da\-id E. 
King, Mrs. Grace G. 
King, Mrs. Nelora S. 
King, Mrs. W. H. 
King, William Henry, Jr. 
Kiper, Henry 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Kiplinger, Walter M. 
Kircher, Mrs. J. G. 
Kirkland, Mrs. C. Hobart 
Kirkpatrick, Donald 
KixMiller, Mrs. William 
Klein, Mrs. A. S. 
Klein, Dr. Da\-id 
Klein, Fred W. 
Klein, Michael B. 
Kleinschmidt, Edward 
Klenha, Joseph Z. 
Kline, WiUiam S. 
Klotz, Edward C. 
Klugh, Paul B. 
Knapp, Charles S. 
Knautz, Mrs. Grace L. 
Knight, Mrs. Orray T. 
Knobbe, John W. 
Knoke, Mrs. Clara P. 
Knott, Mrs. Stephen R. 
Kobin, Mrs. William C. 
Koch, Mrs. Fred C. 
Koch, RajTTiond J. 
Koch, Dr. Sumner 
Koenig, Fred A. 
Koenig, George W. 
Koenig, Otto N. 
Koepke, E. E. 
Koepke, Frank J. 
Kohn, Mrs. Caroline H. 
Kohn, Mrs. Frances J. 
Kohn, Mrs. George G. 
Kohn, Oscar 
Kohout, Joseph, Jr. 
Kohr, Arthur G. 
Kolstad, Odin T. 
Kort, George 
Kovoloff, Dan 
Kraft, Dr. Oscar H. 
Krebs, Charles E. 
Kremer, C. E. 
Krensky, A. Morris 
Knim, Howard L. 
Kuehn, Miss Katherine 
Kuehn, Oswald L. 
Kullman, F. H., Jr. 
Kunstadter, Sigmund 
Kuppenheimer, Mrs. 

Kurtz, George R. 

Laemmle, Mrs. Louis 
Lafean, W. L. 
Laflin, Charles W. 
Laird, Robert S. 
Lake, Mrs. R. C. 
Lalley, Henry J. 
Lamont, John A. 
Lane, Mrs. Eben 
Lane, Mrs. John F. 
Lane, Steven M. 
Langdon, Buel A. 

Lange, A. G. 
Lange, Miss Clara L. 
Lanius, James C. 
Lansing, A. J. 
Laramore, Florian Eugene 
Larkin, William J. 
Larsen, Gustave R. 
Larson, Miss Ida 
Larson, Simon P. 
Lasch, Charles F. 
Lashinsky, Nathan N. 
Latham, Carl Ray 
Lathrop, Frederick A. 
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold 
Laufer, Mrs. Berthold 
Lavidge, Arthur W. 
Lavin, H. T. 
Law, M. A. 

Lawrence, Miss Elma V. 
Lawton, Samuel T. 
Lazear, Dr. Davies 
Lazelle, L. L. 
Leach, George T. 
Leal, Miss Rose B. 
Lechler, E. Fred 
Lee, Edward T. 
Lee, Mrs. Joseph Edgar 
Lee, Mrs. W. George 
Lees, William 
Leete, Robert S. 
Leigh, Maurice 
Leight, Edward A. 
Leiser, Robert S. 
Leitz, Mrs. Robert 
Leitzell, Mrs. Samuel N. 
Leman, Mrs. W. T. 
Lenfestey, Mrs. J. R. 
Lenz, Mrs. George 
LeSage, Rev. John J. 
Leslie, John Woodworth 
Lesman, Mrs. George H. 
Lester, Albert G. 
Lettermann, A. L. 
Levett, Dr. John 
Levey, Clarence J. 
Lesin, Louis 
Le\'is, John M. 
Le\-y, Mrs. Arthur K. 
LeWald, W. B. 
Lewis, Miss Eva 
Lewis, Mrs. Harry G. 
Lewis, Mrs. Walker O. 
L'Hommedieu, Arthur 
Lichtenstein, Walter 
Liddle, Charles A. 
Lindley, Mrs. Fred W. 
Linkman, Louis B. 
Linn, Mrs. James W. 
Linn, Mrs. W. Scott 
Lipman, Abraham 
Lippert, Aloj'sius C. 
List, Paulus 

Little, Charles G. 
Llewellyn, Arthur J. 
Lloyd, Mrs. Grace 

Lobdell, Harry H. 
Locke, Richard F. 
Lockwood, Da\-id W. 
Lodge, Fred S. 
Loeb, Arthur A. 
Loeb, Mrs. Estelle T. 
Loeb, Dr. Ludwig M. 
Loehr, Karl C. 
Loewenherz, Emanuel 
Logan, Frank G. 
Logan, Frederic D. 
Logan, L. B. 
Lovett, Miss Alma J. 
Lowenthal, Leo B. 
Lowry, Mrs. Leslie E. 
Ludlam, Miss Bertha S. 
Lusk, Ross C. 
Lutzow, Fred H. 
Lydston, Mrs. G. Frank 

MacArthur, Fred V. 
MacFarland, Mrs. Hays 
Macfarland, Lanning 
Macfarlane, Wilbert E. 
MacFerran, Charles S. 
MacGregor, Mrs. John 

Mackenzie, Mrs. G. S. 
Mackworth, Mrs. Isabel 
Maclean, J. A. 
MacLeod, Dr. S. B. 
Macmillan, Mrs. L. W. 
MacNeille, Mrs. C. T. 
Macomb, J. DeNavarre 
Maddock, Miss Alice E. 
Maher. Mrs. Philip B. 
Mair, Robert 
Maley, Thomas E. 
Malkov, Da\'id S. 
Maltman, Miss 

Elizabeth E. 
Maltman, James 
Manaster, Henry 
Mandel, Miss Florence 
Mandelbaum, Mrs. 

Maurice H. 
Manegold, Frank 
Manheimer, Arthur E. 
Manierre, John T. 
Mansfield, Alfred W. 
Markham, H. I. 
Marling, Mrs. Frank, Jr. 
Mamane, James D. 
Marsh, John Mc Williams 
Marshall, G. E. 
Marshall, Raphael P. 
Marston, Mrs. T. B. 
Martin, Mrs. Alfred T. 

424 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Martin, Edward 
Martin, I. S. 
Martin, Mellen C. 
Martin, Z. E. 
Marwig, Edward R. 
Mason, Mrs. George H. 
Massena, Roy 
Massmann, Frederick H. 
Mastin, Mrs. W. H. 
Matchett, Mrs. James C. 
Mather, Orian A. 
Mathews, Miss Jessie 
Mathews, Mrs. Shailer 
Mathison, Howard C. 
Matthews, Francis E. 
Matthies, Dr. Mabel M. 
Matz, Miss Ruth H. 
Maxwell, Mrs. Edward E. 
May, Mrs. George T., Jr. 
May, Sol 

Mayer, Edwin W. C. 
Mayer, Mrs. Emil 
Mayer, Oscar G. 
McAllister, M. Hall 
McArthur, Dr. Lewis L. 
McArthur, Mrs. S. W. 
McCahey, James B. 
McCarthy, Alexander J. 
McClain, Dr. Harris W. 
McClelland, Mrs. E. B. 
McClure, D. T. 
McClure, Donald 
McConnell, G. Malcolm 
McConnell, Mrs. H. A. 
McCormick, Alister H. 
McCormick, Miss 

Elizabeth D. 
McCoy, Charles S. 
McCulloch, Frank H. 
McDonald, Lewis 
McDougal, David B. 
McDougall, Mrs. 

Edward G. 
McDowell, Miss Mary E. 
McFadden, Everett R. 
McFall, L. 
McFarland, Mrs. 

Henry J. 
McGinty, Miss Alice L. 
McGrath, George E. 
McGregor, James P. 
McGuigan, Dr. Hugh 
McGuinn, Edward B. 
McGuire, Simms D. 
McHenry, Roland 
Mcllvaine, Mrs. John H. 
Mclnnis, E. E. 
McKay, Charles R. 
McKay, Miss Mabel 
McKay, Dr. N. B. 
McKeever, Mrs. R. 


McLaren, Miss Mabel 
McLaughlin, A. G. 
McLaughlin, Frank L. 
McLaughlin, Dr. JamesH. 
McLaughlin, Rev. Jesse L. 
McManus, Mrs. James P. 
McMurray, Mrs. George 

McNabb, Peter M. 
McNair, Frank 
McNamara, Robert C. 
McNeal, S. D. 
McPherson, Donald F. 
McShane, James E. 
McSurely, Mrs. 

William H. 
McVay, George Russell 
McWilliams, E. S. 
Mead, H. B. 
Mechem, J. C. 
Meek, Miss Margaret E. 
Meeker, Arthur 
Mehlhope, Clarence E. 
Meigs, James B. 
Mellon, Miss Frances A. 
Merrick, Mrs. Clinton 
Merrifield, Fred 
Messenger, Don E. 
Metcoff, Dr. Samuel 
Mettler, Mrs. L. Harrison 
Michaels, Joseph 
Milchrist, Frank T. 
Millard, Mrs. E. L. 
Miller, Charles J. 
Miller, Mrs. Edmund T. 
Miller, Edward L. 
Miller, Henry G. 
Miller, M. Glen 
Miller, Maxwell P. 
Miller, Richard 0. 
Mills, Mrs. Edwin S. 
Mills, Mrs. William S. 
Millsaps, J. H. 
Miner, Fred G. 
Mitchell, Mrs. 

Frederick R. 
Mitchell, Mrs. George R. 
Mizen, Frederick Kimball 
Moldenhauer, Dr. 

William J. 
Moment, Asher 
Monighan, Mrs. J. 
Monilaw, Dr. William J. 
Monk, George S. 
Monter, Mrs. Charles G. 
Montgomery, Mrs. F. H. 
Montgomery, Mrs. 

Frederick H. 
Montgomery, John R. 
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C. 
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H. 

Moore, Edward F. 
Moore, Frederick W. 
Moore, Mrs. J. W. 
Moore, Miss M. Eleanor 
Moore, Nathan G. 
Moore, North 
Moore, Oscar L. 
Moore, Paul 
Moore, William R. 
Morf, Mrs. Paul F. 
Morgan, Clarence 
Morgan, Mrs. F. W. 
Morgenthau, Mrs. 

Sidney L. 
Moroney, John J. 
Morris, Ira Nelson 
Morris, Dr. Robert W. 
Morrison, Mrs. C. R. 
Morton, Dr. Edward C. 
Moser, Paul 
Moses, Ernest C. 
Moss, F^ed H. 
Moulton, William A. 
Mowry, Robert D. 
Mueller, Dr. E. W. 
Mulford, Frank B. 
MuUaly, Rev. Edward J. 
Mundie, Mrs. W. B. 
Munroe, Treadway B. 
Murfey, E. T. R. 
Murphy, J. P. 
Murphy, Leonard E. 
Murray, Martin J. 
Murray, Robert H. 
Myers, Arthur L. 

Nadler, Charles 
Naess, Sigurd E. 
Nance, Willis D. 
Nath, Bernard 
Nau, Otto F. 
Neal, Thomas C. 
Neely, Mrs. Lloyd F. 
Neff, W. A. 
Neidlinger, Robert J. 
Neise, George N. 
Nellis, Mrs. Frank E., Jr. 
Nelson, Byron 
Nelson, Charles M. 
Nelson, Hoogner 
Nelson, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Nelson, Miss Minnie 
Nelson, Dr. Ole C. 
Nelson, Mrs. W. R. 
Nelson, William H. 
Nenneman, William T. 
Nergard, Edwin J. 
Nessler, Robert W. 
Netsch, Mrs. Walter A. 
Ne\ins, John C. 
Newberry, Miss Mary L. 
Newborg, Miss Frances 


Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Newburger, J. M. 
Newcomb, Mrs. B. V. 
Newman, Mrs. H. H. 
Newman, Mrs. Jacob 
Niblack, Mrs. William C. 
Nichelson, Arthur M. 
Nichols, Mrs. Leslie H. 
Nickelson, S. T. 
Nickerson, J. F. 
Niles, W. A. 
Nitze, Mrs. William A. 
Noble, F. H. 
Norman, Dan 
Norris, Eben H. 
Norris, James Dougan 
Norris, Mrs. William S. 
Northrup, Lorry R. 
Norton, Ellery 
Notheis, Mrs. J. F. 
Notz, Mrs. John K. 
Nowak, Mrs. Charles A. 
Nowak, Maxwell M. 
Noyes, Ernest H. 
Noyes, Mrs. John High 
Nugent, Dr. O. B. 
Nutting, C. G. 
Nuyttens, Alfred A. 
Nye, Mrs. William J. 

O'Brien, George W. 
O'Brien, M. J. 
O'Brien, Mrs. Philip 

O'Connell, William L. 
O'Donnell, Mrs. Simon 
Ogawa, Suejiro 
Oleson, Dr. Richard 

Olin, Edward L. 
Oliver, G. F. 
Olrastead, Ralph W. 
Olmsted, Conway H. 
Olmsted, Mrs. G. G. 
Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O. 
Olsen, Mrs. Christen 
Olson, Hon. Harry 
O'Neil, J. F. 
Orm&by, Mrs. Frank E. 
Osborne, Mrs. J. Harrison 
Osborne, Mrs. W. Irving 
Osgood, Harry B. 
O'Shea, Thomas M. 
Ossendorff, Dr. K. W. 
Ostermann, Mrs. R. M. 
Ostrom, Charles Rennolds 
O'Toole, John F. 
Ott, John Nash 
Otter, William 
Outcault, Mrs. Richard 

F., Jr. 

Packman, Clarence E. 
Paczynski, Mrs. Louis J. 

Paddock, Stephen M. 
Pajeau, Mrs. Charles H. 
Palmer, J. M. 
Palmer, Robert F. 
Pandaleon, Costa A. 
Parker, George S. 
Parks, J. W. 
Parmly, Mrs. Samuel P. 
Parsons, Bruce 
Parsons, W. E. 
Patch, Mrs. G. M. 
Paterson, Morton L. 
Patrick, Anthony M., Jr. 
Patterson, Mrs. Harry C. 
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace 
Patton, Walter I. 
Pauley, Clarence 0. 
Pawley, Mrs. Ernest C. 
Payne, Professor James 
Peacock, Charles D. 
Pearl, Allen S. 
Pearson, F. J. 
Peck, Mrs. Charles G. 
Peck, Robert G. 
Peirce, Miss Ida 
Peirce, Ralph S. 
Pencik, Miles F. 
Pentecost, Lewis J. 
Pepple, Mrs. Eloise D. 
Perkins, Mrs. Harry F. 
Perry, Mrs. Leslie L. 
Ferryman, Mrs. Hattie S. 
Peters, G. M. 
Petersen, Miss Doris 
Peterson, Dr. A. B. 
Peterson, Leonard 
Petrakis, Mrs. Mark E. 
Petrie, Dr. Scott Turner 
Pettersen, Fred A. 
Pfeifer, Mrs. J. P. 
Pfeiffer, Mrs. Jacob 
Pflager, Charles W. 
Phalen, W. J. 
Phelps, Erastus R. 
Phelps, Mrs. Louise 

PhiUips, Howard C. 
Pickell, J. Ralph 
Pietsch, Walter G. 
Pigall, Mrs. Joseph S. 
Piper, Mrs. Walter F. 
Pister, Rev. Jacob 
Pitcher, Mrs. John C. 
Pitzner, Alwin Frederick 
Place, F. E. 
Plamondon, Alfred D. 
Plath, Karl 
Plattenburg, S. R. 
Plummer, Daniel C, Jr. 
Pohlmann, Miss Erna M. 
Pollack, Meyer M. 
Pope, Mrs. G. J. 

Popp, Mrs. Lee W. 
Porter, Mrs. Lee W. 
Porterfield, R. H. 
Portis, Dr. Bernard 
Portis, Dr. Sidney A. 
Post, Dr. Wilber E. 
Potts, Mrs. W. G. 
Poust, Cassius 
Powell, Mrs. Lawrence H. 
Prentice, Oliver J. 
Pride, Mrs. Richard 
Prindle, James H. 
Prindle, M. L. 
Pringle, Mrs. James E. 
Pritchard, N. H. 
Pritchard, Mrs. 

Richard E. 
Prosser, H. G. 
Proxmire, Dr. Theodore 

Pruyn, Mrs. William 

H., Jr. 
Pryor, Maurice G. 
Pryor, Willis S. 
Pulver, Henri Pierre 
Purcell, Dr. F. A. 
Purrucker, Miss 

Louise M. 
Putnam, Charles F. 
Putnam, Rufus W. 
Puttkammer, Mrs. Ernst 
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H. 

Quinlan, James T. 
Quinn, Edward J. 

Raber, Franklin 
Radniecki, Father S. 
Rahm, Miss Kathryn 
Raim, Dr. William 
Raleigh, James F. 
Ramis, Leon Lipman 
Randall, CM. 
Randall, Frank A. 
Randick, Miss Sara A. 
Ranney, Mrs. George A. 
Ranney, Mrs. Willett B. 
Rapp, Leo E. 
Rasmussen, Frank 
Rathje, Mrs. Josephine L. 
Rawlings, Mrs. I. D. 
Ray, Harry K. 
Raymer, George L. 
Raymond, Mrs. Cliffords. 
Raymond, Edwards 

Reach, William 
Read, Mrs. J. J. 
Reay, William M. 
Redman, Sterling L. 
Redpath, James B. 
Reebie, Mrs. Arthur W. 

426 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. IX 

Reed, Mrs. Frank C. 
Reed, Mrs. Frank D. 
Reed, Mrs. John W. 
Reed, Rufus M. 
Reed, Walter S. 
Reed, William P. 
Reed, Mrs. William P. 
Reffelt, Miss F. A. 
Regensburg, James 
Reichmann, Albert F. 
Reid, Hugh 
Reid, P. Gordon 
Reilly, John R. 
Rein, Lester E. 
ReQua, Mrs. Charles H. 
Requa, William B. 
Reuss, Mrs. Henry H. 
Rhodes, Mrs. Joseph E. 
Rhodes, W. E. 
Ribback, Mrs. N. 
Rice, Mrs. Charles R. 
Rice, Joseph J. 
Rice, Mrs. Kenneth E. 
Rice, Mrs. W. W. 
Rich, Kenneth F. 
Richards, James Donald 
Richardson, Henry R. 
Rick, Miss Florence 
Riddell, Charles 
Rieder, W. F. 
Riel, G. A. 
Ries, Mrs. Lester S. 
Rigali, Mrs. L. R. 
Ritchie, Mrs. John 
Roadifer, W. H. 
Robbins, Laurence B. 
Roberts, Francis R. 
Roberts, George G. 
Roberts, Jesse E. 
Roberts, Mrs. John 
Robinson, Mrs. A. F. 
Robinson, Charles R. 
Robinson, Rev. George L. 
Robinson, Miss Louise C. 
Robinson, Miss Nellie 
Robinson, R. V. 
Robson, Mrs. Oscar 
Rockhold, Mrs. 

Charles W. 
Rockwell, Lester 
Rockwell, Theodore G. 
Rockwood, Frederick T. 
Roden, Carl B. 
Rodrick, Mrs. Isaac 
Roe, Miss Carol F. 
Roefer, Henry A. 
Rogers, Mrs. H. L. 
Rogers, J. W. 
Rolfes, Gerald A. 
Rolland, Frederick 

Rollo, Egbert 

Rolnick, Dr. Harry C. 
Ronneberg, Conrad E. 
Roodhouse, Benjamin T. 
Roper, F. E. 
Rosenak, Mrs. Theodore 
Rosenberg, I. 
Rosenfels, Irwin S. 
Rosenfield, Morris S. 
Rosenthal, Mrs. Samuel 
Roth, Arthur J. 
Roth, Edward N. 
Rowell, Dr. L. W. 
Rowles, E. W. A. 
Rowley, Clifford A. 
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L. 
Rozene, Arthur E. 
Rudolph, Miss Bertha 
Ruggles, Dr. William L. 
Rupert, Mrs. F. B. 
Russell, Mrs. Thomas 

Sachs, Paul J. 
Salinger, Harry 
Salomon, Mrs. Joseph K. 
Sampson, H. J. 
Saplitzky, Miss Bessie M. 
Sauer, Dr. Raymond J. 
Sauerman, John A. 
Savage, Joseph P. 
Sawyer, Miss Anna Grace 
Sawyer, Dr. C. F. 
Sayers, Mrs. A. J. 
Sayre, Dr. Loren D. 
Scallan, John William 
Schaar, Bernard E. 
Schad, Mrs. G. F. 
Schafer, O. J. 
Schaffner, Arthur B. 
Schaps, Dr. Theodore 
Schaus, Carl J. 
Scheel, Fred H. 
Schenkel, Mrs. H. A. 
Scherer, Andrew 
Schermerhorn, Richard A. 
Scheying, Arthur L. 
Schiff, Sydney K. 
Schmidt, Adolph 
Schmidt, Arthur C. E. 
Schmidt, Dr. Henry J. G. 
Schmidt, Dr. Otto L. 
Schmidt, Theodore 
Schmitt, Mrs. George J. 
Schneider, Benjamin B. 
Schneider, C. A. 
Schneider, Dr. C. O, 
Schniglau, Charles H. 
Schrader, Miss 

Harriet N. 
Schramka, Mrs. Frank J. 
Schroeder, August F. 
Schroll, W. H. 

Schueler, Robert 
Schueller, Werner 
Schulze, Paul 
Schumann, Mrs. F. E. 
Schutte, Mrs. I. W. 
Schwab, Dr. Leslie W. 
Schwab, Martin C. 
Schwartz, Louis S. 
Schwartz, Dr. Otto 
Schwarz, August 
Schwarz, Dr. Leigh E. 
Schwede, Charles W. 
Schweitzer, E. O. 
Schweitzer, Richard J. 
Schweitzer, Samuel 
Schweizer, Carl 
Scott, George H. 
Scott, Dr. Walter Dill 
Scudder, Mrs. 

Lawrence W. 
Scully, Miss Florence E. 
Searle, Dr. C. Howard 
Sears, Kenneth C. 
Seaton, G. Leland 
Sebelien, A. E. 
Seehausen, Gilbert B. 
Seibold, Arthur B. 
Seidscher, Jacob 
Seifert, Mrs. Emma 
Seip, Fred 
Sellers, Mrs. O. R. 
Selover, Miss Julia M. 
Selz, Emanuel 
Selz, Mrs. J. Harry 
Senear, Dr. F. E. 
Senior, Mrs. John L. 
Sergeant, Walter E. 
Seubold, Dr. F. H. 
Seymour, H. W. 
Shaffer, Mrs. Norman P. 
Shanahan, David E. 
Shanahan, Mrs. F. H. 
Shanks, Oscar 
Shanner, Robert B. 
Shannon, Neil J. 
Shapiro, J. F. 
Sharp, Mrs. W. L. 
Shattuck, Charles H. 
Shaver, John W. 
Shaw, Mrs. J. G. 
Shaw, Mrs. Walter A. 
Shay, John B. 
Sheahan, Miss Marie 
Shearman, Charles E. 
Shedd, Charles E. 
Sheil, Mrs. James B. 
Shepard, Guy C. 
Sheridan, L. J. 
Sheriffs, Walter A. 
Sherman, Edwin 
Sherman, H. C. 
Sherman, Louis A. 



Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Sherman, Mrs. W. W. 
Shields, Balford Q. 
Shippey, Mrs. Charles W. 
Shiverick, Mrs. A. F. 
Shonts, Miss Beatrice M. 
Short, J. R. 
Shortall, Mrs. John G. 
Shortall, John L. 
Showalter, Miss Anna B. 
Shurtleff, Miss L. H. 
Sidley, W. P. 
Sieck, Herbert 
Siegenthaler, Mrs. 

Jacob L. 
Sievers, William H. 
Silber, Clarence J. 
Silberman, Mrs. J. D. 
Sillani, Mrs. Mabel W. 
Silverman, Edwin 
Silverman, Joseph 
Simmons, Mrs. Charles R. 
Simmons, Parke E. 
Simonds, Mrs. Harold B. 
Simons, Mrs. George H. 
Siraonson, Roger A., Jr. 
Simpson, Mrs. Mary 

Simpson, Walter H. 
Sindelar, Joseph C. 
Sinding, John W. 
Singleton, Mrs. Charles J. 
Siqueland, T. A. 
Skala, Rudolph J. 
Skeen, Dawson H. 
Skillman, Mrs. 

Frederic B. 
Skog, Mrs. Ludvig 
Slade, John C. 
Slade, Mason 
Slaten, Mrs. Frederick A. 
Sleight, Miss Barbara H. 
Slingluflf, William H. 
Sloan, F. A. 
Small, Miss Jean 
Smart, Charles H. 
Smeeth, Mrs. Edwin E. 
Smith, Mrs. A. P. 
Smith, Mrs. Edward E. 
Smith, Dr. F. J. 
Smith, Glen E. 
Smith, Mrs. Harold M. 
Smith, Miss Helen F. 
Smith, Henry Justin 
Smith, Henry T. 
Smith, Dr. Herman 
Smith, Hermon Dunlap 
Smith, Dr. Joseph A. 
Smith, Leatham D. 
Smith, Miss Mary Rozet 
Smith, Sidney H. 
Smith, Mrs. Wilfred M. 
Smith, William D. 

Snow, Mrs. Sydney B. 
Snyder, Harry 
Socatch, Miss Anna 
Somerville, Mrs. Helen 
Song, A. F. 
Sontag, Edward A. 
Soper, Thomas 
Sorensen, Mrs. Axel S. 
Sorley, Dr. Milford S. 
Sparrow, Mrs. W. W. K. 
Speed, Dr. Kellogg 
Spencer, Mrs. Frank E. 
Sperry, Mrs. Donald D. 
Speyer, Mrs. George W. 
Spiegel, Philip 
Spitalny, H. Leopold 
Spohr, PYank M. 
Spooner, Charles W. 
Sprague, Albert A., Jr. 
Spry, George 
Spurgeon, H. F. 
Staar, Rudolph 
Stallwood, S. C. 
Stangle, Mrs. Mary W. 
Staniewicz, Joseph V. 
Stanley, Eben 
Stanton, C. N. 
Staples, Miss Emily 
States, Mrs. Wilmer M. 
Steele, Leo M. 
Steele, Sidney J. 
Steflfensen, Sigurd 
Stein, Mrs. Adolph 
Stein, Mrs. Ernst 
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney 
Steinberg, Samuel E. 
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R. 
Steinson, Henry G. 
Stembridge, Harold E. 
Stephenson, Mrs. 

Elmer E. 
Stern, Mrs. Herbert L. 
Stern, Jacob S. 
Sternberg, Morris 
Stevens, Miss 

Charlotte M. 
Stevens, Mrs. Clyde G. 
Stevens, Ernest J. 
Stevens, Mrs. Jessie L. 
Stevenson, James 

R. D. 
Stewart, George R. 
Stewart, Mrs. Pritchard 
Stewart, William 
Stifler, Mrs. J. M. 
Stiles, Mrs. R. B. 
Stille, Ernst T. 
Stobbe, Paul D. 
Stockton, A. C. 
Stockton, Mrs. John 

Stoelting, C. H. 

Stoflft, Edmond B. 
Stokes, Miss Marguerite 
Stoll, Mrs. Annie G. 
Stolz, Mrs. Leon 
Stolzenbach, Miss 

Emma W. 
Storkan, Mrs. James 
Stover, Mrs. James D. 
Stransky, Hon. 

Franklin J. 
Straub, Mrs. Walter F. 
Straus, Eli M. 
Strauss, Mrs. Lee J. 
Street, C. R. 
Striblen, Harry 
Strigl, F. C. 
Strong, Gordon 
Stumes, Charles B. 
Sturla, Harry L. 
Sturtevant, Roy E. 
Sullivan, Grey 
Summers, L. F. 
Sundblom, Mrs. Haddon 

Sundell, Ernest W. 
Sundlof, F. W. 
Sutch, Dr. Yorke B. 
Sutcliffe, Elbert Gary 
Sutcliffe, Miss Sarah E. 
Sutton, J. J. 
Swain, Miss Irene M. 
Swanson, Frank E. 
Swearingen, Henry Curtis 
Sweeney, D. F. 
Sweet, Donald H, 
Sweet, Sidney R. 
Swift, T. Philip 
Sylvester, Miss Ada I. 
Sype, George 

Tabb, H. B. 

Taberner, Miss Mattie E. 

Talbot, Mrs. Eugene 

S., Jr. 
Tankersley, J. N. 
Tark, Mrs. L. S. 
Tash, J. Donald 
Taylor, Arthur E. 
Taylor, Mrs. Eugene S. 
Taylor, Frank F. 
Taylor, Graham 
Taylor, L. S. 
Taylor, M. B. 
Teagle, E. W. 
Teckemeyer, A. O. 
Telfer, Thomas A. 
Teller, George L. 
Temps, Leupold 
Terry, Dr. C. Roy 
Tevander, Mrs. Olaf N. 
Thai, Miss Elsie 
Tharaldsen, Mrs. H. I. 

428 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. IX 


Theobald, Dr. Walter H. 
Thiehoff, William F. 
Thomas, Charles F. 
Thomas, Mrs. Henry 

Thomas, Miss Ida W, 
Thomas, Mrs. Paul 

Thomason, S. E. 
Thomlinson, Miss Eva M. 
Thompson, Mrs. Ada R. 
Thompson, Ernest H. 
Thompson, John, II 
Thompson, Lavern W. 
Thompson, Mrs. Slason 
Thomson, Herbert B. 
Thorpe, Mrs. A. H. 
Thorsness, Lionel G. 
Throop, George Enos 
Thurstone, Mrs. Louis L. 
Tibbetts, Mrs. N. L. 
Tibbits, Mrs. George F. 
Tifft, Mrs. Henry 
Timberlake, Mrs. 

Thomas M. 
Tippett, William M. 
Tobin, Mrs. Samuel 
Todd, A. 

Tomajan, Mrs. D. K. 
Tonk, Percy A. 
Torpe, Miss Pearl 
Tourtelot, MissEdythe C. 
Towner, Miss 

Elizabeth W. 
Towner, Frank H. 
Towner, H. C. 
Townsend, Mrs. K. A. 
Tracy, Atlee H. 
Traer, Charles S. 
Tramel, Forsyth 
Tremain, Miss Eloise R. 
Triggs, Charles W. 
Triner, Mrs. Joseph 
Trow, Mrs. William 

H., Jr. 
True, Walter 
Trude, Mrs. A. S. 
Trude, Mrs. George A. 
Truman, Percival H. 
Trumbull, Miss Florence 
Tuma, Mrs. Mary 
TurnbuU, Mrs. George C. 
Turner, Mrs. George T. 
Tuska, Mrs. Alice 
Tuteur, Irving M. 
Tuttle, Charles 
Tuttle, W. F. 
Tyler, Alfred C. 
Tyson, Mrs. Howell N. 

Uhrig, Mrs. Emma 
Ullery, Mrs. C. E. 

Ullmann, Mrs. Albert I. 
Upham, Robert B. 
Urheim, Dr. O. J. 
Utley, George B. 

Vail, Mrs. Edward G. 
Vaill, Mrs. J. H. 
Valentine, Miss 

Margaret G. 
VanBuren, Mrs. Mildred 
Vance, Walter N. 
VanDellen, Dr. Robert L. 
Vandenbergh, Mrs. 

Peter J. 
VanDeursen, John S. 
VanDoren, Mrs. W. H. 
VanDyke, Mrs. Gerard 
VanO'Linda, Fred 
VanSickle, K. L. 
Varty, Leo G. 
Vaughan, Mrs. Gordon M. 
Vaughan, Dr. Roger T. 
Venning, Frank L. 
Vent, Miss Dorothea E. 
Victor, Mrs. Felix 
Victor, John H. 
Vilas, Mrs. George B. 
Vodoz, Frederick W. 
Voltz, Daniel W. 
Voorhees, James M. 
Voorhees, Mrs. L. P. 
Vose, Mrs. Frederick P. 
Vose, Walter S. 
Voshardt, Mrs. H. F. 

Waalkes, Miss Flora 
Wadsworth, Miss 

Helen C. 
Wagner, Erwin 
Wagner, H. D. 
Wagner, Richard 
Waite, Miss Muriel W. 
Waite, Roy E. 
Walbridge, John Tuthill 
Waldeck, Herman 
Walker, James R. 
Walker, Dr. James W. 
Wallach, Mrs. H. L. 
Waller, Mrs. Trigg 
Walpole, S. J. 
Walsh, Miss Mary 
Walton, Mrs. Helen R. 
Walton, Lyman A. 
Ward, B. E. 
Warner, Mason 
Warner, Mrs. W. H. 
Warren, Mrs. E. K. 
Warren, William G. 
Washburn, Dr. James 

Washburn, John R. 
Waskow, Mrs. Richard G. 

Wasson, Theron 
Waterman, Mrs. E. H. 
Waterstraat, George B. 
Watkins, Frank A. 
Watkins, Frederick A. 
Watkins, Jesse M. 
Watkins, W. W. 
Watson, Mrs. Hathaway 
Watson, Mrs. J. K. 
Watson, Vernon S. 
Watson, William R. 
Watterson, Mrs. W. H. 
Waxman, Isaac D. 
Weakly, F. B. 
Weary, Edwin F. 
Weaver, Miss Pearl L. 
Weber, Norton H. 
Webster, Edgar Converse 
Weed, C. Fred 
Wegg, Donald R. 
Weil, C. H. 
Weil, Mrs. Carl H. 
Weil, Mrs. Julius E. 
Weil, Mrs. Leon 
Weil, Mrs. Victor 
Weir, Miss Mary D. 
Weiss, Theodore O. 
Weissbrenner, Dr. R. F. 
Welch, L. C. 
Welles, Mrs. Donald P. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward 

Wendell, Fred 
Wendell, Miss 

Josephine A. 
Wengler, Miss Ella E. 
Wentworth, John 
Werelius, Mrs. Axel 
Wernecke, Miss 

Bertha L. 
West, Mrs. G. Albert 
West, Dr. G. N. 
West, Thomas H. 
Westbrook, Mrs. E. S. 
Weston, Charles V. 
Wetter, Miss A. Albertine 
Whatley, S. T. 
Wheeler, Mrs. H. E. 
Wheeler, Leslie M. 
Wheeler, Seymour 
Whetzel, Dr. F. F. 
Whidden, Ray A. 
Whidden, Roswell B. 
Whiston, Frank M. 
White, George H. 
White, Miss Laura C. 
White, W. J. 
White, William P. 
Whiteford, Miss 

Elizabeth A. 
Whitman, Miss Celia M. 
Whitney, Mrs. Gordon 

Jan. 1933 

Annual Report of the Director 


Whitney, Mrs. Jason F. 
Whitty, Elmer J. 
Whitwell, J. E. 
Wickham, Mrs. 

Thomas Y. 
Wickland, Algot A. 
Wieland, Harold G. 
Wiersen, Miss Annie C. 
Wiersma, Asa 
Wigent, Miss Zella 
Wilby, Mrs. Arthur C. 
Wilce, George C. 
Wild, A. Clement 
Wild, Payson S. 
Wild, Richard 
Wild, Rudolph L. 
Wilds, John L. 
Wiley, Edward N. 
Wiley, Gerald T. 
Wilhelm, FVank Edward 
Wilken, Mrs. Theodore 
Wilkey, Fred S. 
Wilkins, Charles L. 
Wilkins, Miss Ruth 
Willard, Guy 
Willens, Joseph R. 
Willett, Howard L. 
Williams, Chester S. 
Williams, Clifford H. 
WilHams, Dr. E. B. 
Williams, Miss 

Williams, Harvey S. 
Williams, Kenneth 
Williams, Lawrence M. 
Williamson, John A. 
Willman, Philip E. 

Wills, H. E. 
Wilson, B. L. 
Wilson, Miss Carolyn 
Wilson, Mrs. 

Christopher J, 
Wilson, E. L. 
Wilson, Mrs. Joel R. 
Wilson, Mrs. Morris K. 
Wilson, Percival C. 
Wilson, Mrs. Percy 
Wilson, R. F. 
Wilson, Mrs. Sylvester E. 
Wilson, William G. 
Wilson, William R. 
Wilson, Rev. Willis Ray 
Windsor, Miss Mary L. 
Winterbotham, Mrs. 

John R., Jr. 
Winters, Mrs. L. D. 
Winters, Mrs. Leander L. 
Wise, Mrs. Harold 
Witkowsky, James 
Wivel, Mrs. Herbert W. 
Wolbach, Murray 
Wolcott, Carl F. 
Wolfe, Joseph J. 
Wolfe, William C. 
Wolff, Christian J. 
Wolff, Mrs. Harry G. 
Wolterding, Gerhard C. 
Wood, Donald M. 
Wood, Milton G. 
Woodcock, Mrs. L. T. 
Woodruff, Miss Florence 
Woods, Edward G. 
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin 


Woolf, Mrs. James D. 
Wootton, Robert P. 
Workman, Mrs. Dean M. 
Worthy, Mrs. Sidney W. 
Wray, Mrs. James G. 
Wright, H. C. 
Wright, Quincy 
Wrisley, George A. 
Wuerst, Mrs. R. J. 
Wurzburg, H. J. 
Wyman, Charles H. 
Wyszynski, Walter H. 

Yarros, Dr. Rachelle S. 
Yeakel, Dr. WiUiam K. 
Yeomans, Charles 
Young, E. Frank 
Young, Ferdinand H. 
Young, Mrs. Henry 
Young, James W. 
Young, Mrs. Joseph W. 
Younglove, James C. 

Zacharias, Robert M. 
Zander, Mrs. I. M. 
Zane, John Maxcy 
Zbyszewski, Tytus 
Zeitz, Andrew R. 
Zemon, Miss Edna 
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C. 
Zimmerman, Irving 
Zimmerman, Ralph W. 
Zimmermann, Mrs. P. T. 
Zitzewitz, Mrs. H. 
Zucker, W. J. 

Balaban, Max 
Brougham, Dr. Edward J. 
Bullen, Mrs. F. F. 
Burch, R. L. 

Chadwick, Mrs. Griffith 
Chllds, Mrs. R. W. 
Coffin, Percival B. 
Connor, Mrs. Frederick T. 
Creedon, Mrs. Clara W, 
Crowe, Miss Eva B. 

D'Ancona, A. E. 

Deceased, 1932 
Frank, David 

Hammond, Roy E. 
Hattrem, Harold 
Hubbard, John M. 

Kohler, G. A. E. 

Leigh, Edward B. 
Lindgren, Mrs. Alex C. 

Nye, Mrs. James W. 

Pietsch, Mrs. Charles F. 

Rosenberg, Bernhard 

Scofield, Timothy J. 
Slade, Alfred 
Sutherland, J. D. 

Thom, Henry C. 
Tieken, Dr. Theodore 

OCT 10 «'^3 




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