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Full text of "Annual report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service"

.Vb * 9325. 73a 14 6 




Given By 

Bi s. STTPrr. OF docum.:nts 



(;p>0SITORY 



/3^ 



ANNUAL 

RtPURIo/t/ie 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 




Washington^ D, C, 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 

Washington 25, D. C. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER 
OF IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION 



The Attorney General 

United States Department of Justice 

Sir: I have the honor to submit the Annual Report of the 
Immigration and NaturaHzation Service for the year ended 
June 30, 1957. 

This report narrates our accomplishments of the past year 
and some of our aims for the future. 



Respectfully submitted, 




J. M. Swing 

Commissioner 



Immigration and Naturalization Service 



Boiton Public Llbrtry 
Superintendent of Documents 

JUN 9-1958 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page 

IXTRODUCTIOX 1 

ADMISSIONS TO THE UNITED STATES 1 

Hungarian refugees 2 

Immigrants 4 

Quota immigrants 4 

Nonquota immigrants 5 

Nonunmigrants 5 

Temporary admissions 5 

Agricultural laborers 5 

Crewmen 6 

Alien border crossers 6 

Admission of otherwise inadmissible aliens 6 

Citizens 6 

EXCLUSIONS 7 

ALIEN ADDRESS REPORTS 7 

AD.JUSTMENT OF STATUS 7 

CITIZENSHIP 8 

ENFORCEMENT 11 

Illegal entries 11 

Land borders 11 

Sea and aii- 11 

Anti-subversive and anti-criminal operations 12 

Documentary frauds 12 

Deportations and prosecutions 13 

Order to show cause 13 

Special inquu-y hearings 13 

Detention and parole 13 

Unexecuted orders of deportation 13 

Deportation and voluntary departure 13 

Prosecutions 14 

ADMINISTRATION 15 



tablp:s 

Pagf 

1. Immigration to the riiitcd States: 1X20-1957 16 

2. .AJieiis and citizens admitted and departed, by montiis: Years ended June 

30, 1956 and 1957 17 

3. Aliens and citizens admitted at Ignited States ports of entry: Year ended 

Jmie 30, 1957 17 

4. .AJiens admitted, hy classes inider the immigration laws: Years ended Jinii' 

30, 1953-1957 IS 

5. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, hy port or dis- 
trict: Years ended June 30, 1953-1957 19 

6. Immigrant aliens admitted, by classes inider the immigration laws and 
coimtry or region of hu'th: Year ended Jmie 30, 1957 20 

6A. Immigrant aliens admitted, hy classes under the immigration laws and 

country or region of last permanent residence: Year ended June 30, 1957 . 21 

6B. Maximum visas authorized and immigrant aliens admitted to the United 
States under the Refugee Relief Act of 1953; Years ended June 30, 1954- 
1957 22 

6C. Immigrant aliens admitted under the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, by class 
of admission and coinitry or region of birtli: Years ended June 30, 1954- 
1957 ". . . 23 

7. Annual ciuotas and quota immigrants admitted: Years ended June 30. 
1953-1957 24 

7A. Quota immigrants admitted, by quota area and quota preferences: Year 

ended June 30, 1957 25/ 

8. Immigrant aliens admitted, by country or region of l)irlh and major occu- 
palion gioui): Year ended June 30, 1957 26 

9. Iniiiiiiiiani aliens admitted, l)y country or region of birth, sex, marital 
stains, and age: Year endeil June 30, 1957 27 

10. Immigrant aliens admitted by race, sex, and age: Year ended June 30. 

1957 ." 28 

lO.V. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, by sex, age, 

illiteracy, and major occupation group: Years ended June 30, 1953-1957 . 29 

lOB. Recent Hungarian refugees and parolees admitted, by sex, marital status, 

age, and major occupation group: Year ended June 30, 1957 30 

11. Aliens and citizens admitted and dejjarted: Years ended Jiuie 30, 1908- 

1957 31 

12. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigrant aliens departed, by State of 
intended future or last permanent residence: Years ended June 30, 1953- 

1957 32 

12A. Immigrant aliens admitted, by specified countries of l)irth and State of 

intended futm-e permanent residence: Year ended June 30, 1957 .... 33 

12B. Immigrant aliens admitted, by specified countries of birtli ami ruial and 

urban area and city: Year ended June 30, 1957 34 

12C. Immigrant aliens admitted to the United States luider the Refugee Relief 

Act of 1953, by State of future permanent residence: Years ended June 30. 

1954-1957 35 

13. Immigrant aliens admitted and emigi-ant aliens departed by coiuitry or 
region of last or intended future permanent residence: Years ended June 

30, 1953-1957 36 

13A. Immigrant aliens admitted. l)y country or region of birth: Years ended 

June 30, 1948-1957 . . .' 37 



TABLES— Continued 

Page 

14. Emigrant aliens {lc])ait(Ml, by race, sex, and age: Year ended June 30, 

1957 " 38 

14A. Emigrant aliens (lei)arle(l, by country or region of birth and major occupa- 
tion group: Year ended June 30, 19.57 39 

15. Emigrant aliens departed, by country or region of birth, sex. and age: 
Year ended June 30, 1957 40 

16. Xonimmigi-ant aliens admitted, by classes under the immigration laws and 
country or region of birth: Year ended June 30, 1957 41 

17. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, by classes under the immigration laws and 
country or region of last permanent residence: Year ended June 30, 1957 . 42 

18. Agi'ieultural laborers admitted to the United States: Years ended June 30, 
1950-1957 42 

19. Entries of alien and citizen liorder ciossers over international land bound- 
aries, by State and port: YeaiciKh'd June 30, 1957 43 

20. Entries of alien and citizen border crossers over international land bound- 
aries: Years ended June 30, 1928-1957 45 

21. ,^iens excluded from the United States: Years ended June 30. 1892- 

1957 46 

22. .\liens excluded, by country or region of liirth and cause: Year ended June 

30, 1957 ....'....' 47 

23. alliens excluded from the United States, by cause: Years ended Jmie 30, 
1951-1957 " 48 

24. Aliens deported, by coimtry to which deported and cause: Year ended 
June 30, 1957 " 49 

24A. Aliens apprehended, aliens deported, and aliens departing voluntarily: 

Years ended June 30, 1892-1957 50 

25. Aliens deported, by country to which deported and deportation expense: 
Year ended June 30, 1957 51 

26. Aliens deported, by cause: Years ended June 30, 1908-1957 52 

27. Aliens deported, by year of entry and status at entry: Year ended June 

30, 1957 53 

28. Alien crewmen deserted at United States air and seaports, by nationality 

and flag of carrier: Year ended June 30, 1957 53 

29. Vessels and airplanes inspected, crewmen admitted, and stowaways ar- 
rived, by regions and districts: Year ended June 30, 1957 54 

30. Principal activities and accomplishments of Immigration Border Patrol: 
Years ended June 30, 1948-1957 55 

31. Pns>(Migors arrived in the United States from foreign countries, by country 

of ciiilKiikjiiion: Year ended June 30, 1957 56 

32. Passctigcrs departed fi'om the United States to foreign countries, by country 

of debarkation : Year ended June 30, 1957 60 

33. Passenger travel between the United States and foreign countries, by port 

of arrival or departure: Year ended June 30, 1957 63 

34. Passenger travel by air and by sea between Puerto Rico and continental 
United States (mainland) and the Virgin Islands: Years ended June 30, 
1948-1957 64 

35. Passenger travel by air and sea between Hawaii and continental United 
States (mainland) and insular or outlying possessions: Years ended June 

30, 1948-1957 65 

36. Aliens who reported under the Alien Address Program, by selected nation- 
alities and States of residence: During 1957 66 



TABLES— Continued 

Page 

37. Declai'ations of intention filed, petitions for naturalization filed, and per- 
sons natui'alized: Years ended June 30, 1907-1957 67 

38. Persons naturalized, by general and special natiu-alization provisions and 
country or region of former allegiance: Year ended June 30, 1957 . ... 68 

39. Persons naturalized, by country or region of former allegiance: Years 
ended June 30, 1948-1957 69 

40. Persons naturalized, by country or region of former allegiance and major 
occupation group: Year ended June 30, 1957 70 

41. Persons naturalized and petitions for naturalization denied: Years ended 
June 30, 1907-1957 72 

42. Persons naturalized, by sex and marital status, with comparative percent 

of total: Years ended June 30, 1949-1957 73 

43. Persons naturalized, by sex and age: Years ended June 30, 1949-1957 . . 74 

44. Persons naturalized, by States and Territories of residence: Years ended 

June 30, 1953-1957 75 

45. Persons naturalized, by country or region of Inrth and year of entry: Year 
ended June 30, 1957 76 

46. Persons natm-alized, by specified countries of former allegiance and bj" 
rural and urban area and city: Year ended June 30, 1957 78 

47. Persons naturalized, by general and special naturalization provisions: 
Years ended June 30, 1953-1957 79 

48. Prosecutions for immigration and nationality violations: Years ended June 

30, 1948-1957 80 

49. Writs of habeas corpus in exclusion and deportation cases: Years ended 
June 30, 1948-1957 SI 

49A. Convictions for immigration and nationality violations: Years ended June 

30, 1948-1957 \ :sl 

50. Private immigration and nationality bills introduced and laws enacted, 

75th Congress-85th Congress, First Session 82 

51. Petitions for naturalization denied, bj^ reason: Years ended June 30, 1952- 

1957 82 

52. Certificates of naturalization revoked, by grounds: Years ended June 30. 
1952-1957 S3 

53. Persons expatriated, by grounds: Years ended June 30, 1952-1957 ... S3 

54. Persons repatriated : Years ended June 30, 1952-1957 S3 

55. Certificates of derivative citizenship granted, by country or region of birth: 
Years ended June 30, 1954-1957 84 



Annual Report of J. M. Swing, Commissioner 
of Immigration and Naturalization 



INTRODUCTION 

Each year, when tlie Immigration and Natural- 
ization Service totals its accomplishments, the 
attraction of the United States for peoples of other 
lands is evident. 

Fiscal 3-ear 1957 emphasized this as immigration 
reached a 30-year high, and visitors, students, 
crewmen, and others temporarily' admitted ex- 
cel ded all previous records. 

Most dramatic of the alien admissions was that 
ol the Hungarian refugees. Then* coming chal- 
lenged every operation of the Service to make 
their admissions as fast and simple as possible, 
;nid at the same time to protect the seciu-ity and 
safety of the United States. 

With the flow of illegal agricultural laborers cut 
nil, farmers and workers alike cooperated to 
1)11 Hi;- more agricultural laborers to the United 
Slates than in any previous year. 

AVhile the number of apprehensions of aliens 
illegally entering the United States or found in the 
I'liitetl States in violation of immigration and 



nationality laws was a fraction of the apprehen- 
sions in 19.54 and previous j'ears, the accomplish- 
ments in the area of enforcement were more 
gratifying because they represented a program of 
prevention of illegal entry. 

Enforcement operations were improved bj^ the 
transfer of immigration officers from the southern 
to the northern border to meet problems there 
resulting from increased Em'opean migration to 
Canada; mobile search teams were organized with 
headciuarters at major seaports to better combat 
smuggling attempts and possible desertions by 
crewmen; intelligence officers increased dissem- 
ination of information of value to enforcement 
operations. 

Improvement in procedures for inspections, 
inquiry hearings, and administrative operations 
brought the Service to year's end with onh" 
minor arrearages, although workloads were heavj- 
and the personnel force was not increased. 



ADMISSIONS TO THE UNITED STATES 



The revolution in Hungary; the reduction in 
travel rates; the continued infliix of foreign agri- 
cultiu-al workers; the jouth of the world seeking 
education ; the drawing power of the United States 
for inunigrants; the dailj- border crossings over 
om- long borders; all these contributed to inward 
movement of more than 144 million citizens and 
aliens through our ports of entry. As usual, the 
greater portion of this traffic, 9.5 percent, passed 
through land border ports. 

Tlie immigration officers were able to handle 



the increased worldoad in stride because of the 
techniques developed to expedite inspection. One 
practice that met with immediate popular acclaim 
was the extension of preinspection (the practice of 
inspecting aliens and citizens before they board 
the plane or vessel) to vessels plying Ijctween 
Honolulu and the mainland. 

Another inspection technique was streamlined 
when new laminated cards were issued to 400,791 
Mexican alien border crossers last year. The 
laminated card is practically indestructible and 



unalterahlc. lis unlimited validity will save time 
formerly needed to extend the validity or to reissue 
border crossing cards. Next year, similar non- 
resident border crossing cards will be issued on 
the Canadian border. 

Other docimientation has been simplified. Willi 
the publication of revised regulations on manifest- 
ing on December 19, 1956, a single manifest form 
replaced eight other forms used by this Service 
and other Government agencies. The number of 
items on Form 1-94, Temporary Entry Permit, 
was reduced. At the same time, it replaced two 
other Service forms and State Department Tem- 
porary Visa Form FS 257. 

Notice of proposed rule making was given, 
looking to an even greater simplification in tliat 
Form 1-94 will become an arrival-depart uic card 
prepared as to each passenger. This will elimi- 
nate a separate manifest for aircraft arrivals aiul 
departures. 

Certainly not a technique, but a major con- 
tributing factor in improved inspection process 
was the appointment, in September 1956, of 
port receptionists. These yoinig ladies, carefidly 
chosen for theu- tact and ability, are now employed 
in New York, Miami, and Honolulu. The pid)Hc 
good will engendered and llic o])eiational effi- 



ciency gained have demonsti 
success of (his program. 



Hungarian Refugees 

On October 23, 1956, tlie revolution against the 
Communist government in Hungary flared up in 
Budapest. Wlien, shortly thereafter, the revo- 
lution was ruthlessly crushed, thousands of 
Hungarians, faced with deportation or extinction, 
fled into Austria. That small country was soon 
overwhelmed by the magnitude of the refugee 
problem. The United States was 1 of over 20 
free nations that immediately offered asyhnn to 
the refugees in Austria. 

On November 8, 1956, the President announced 
that 5,000 of the refugees would be admitted to 
the United States. On November 13, 1956, an 
order was entered providing for the bringing into 
the United States of that number under the parok 
provisions of section 212 (d) (5) of the Immigra-i 
tion and Nationality Act. Since there were 
approximately 6,100 special nonquota immigrant 
visa luimbers still available for escapees from 
Comminiist areas of Europe under section 4 (a) (2) 
of tlie Refugee Relief Act of 1953, it was decided 




roRT receptionist: The port 
id'cptionist works at busy inters 
national ports. She frequently 
acts as an interpreter. She wel 
conies the incoming passengers, 
routes them to the inspector, 
arransies documents in propel 
order, helps mothers with chfl- 
drcM, and calms nervous immi- 
grants or impatient citizens. 



\i.\RIAN REFUGEES LEAVE 

i lEiE UNITED states: Refu- 
~ were transported by sea and 

under the auspices of the 
I I governmental Committee 

IJiropean Migration. 




to make these mimljers available for tlic Hun- 
-iiiinii refugees. The first visas were issued on 
\(i\iinber 19, 1956, and were exhausted by 
December 1, 1956. On December 1, 1956, the 
President announced that an additional 15,000 
HuHi^arians would be brought to the United 
States under the parole procedure. The order 
of Xovember 13, 1956, that 5,000 be paroled 
\va> aniciidcd by increasing the number to 15,000. 
Oil .laiinaix 2, 1957, the nimieric limitations on 
paid,, were lifted. 

By June 30, 1957, 6,130 immigrants and 27,435 
parolees had been brought to the United States. 
Since the special noncpiota visas were all used by 
December 1, most of the refugees had to be ad- 
mitted under the parole provisions of section 212 

I (d) (5) of tlie Immigration and Nationality Act. 

I This is the first time that the parole provision has 
been applied to relatively large numbers of 
people. The parole authority is vested in the 
Attornej' General; the Service, as his delegate, 
had the entu-e responsibility for processing the 
parolees. Immigration officers, many of them 
already in Europe on the Refugee Program, were 
stationed in Vienna and Salzburg to review docu- 
ments, interview applicants, and to determine 
their eligibility for parole into the United States. 
The voluntary agencies played an invaluable 
role in the visa and parole programs. They 
assisted the Hungarian refugees in dealing with 

j the government representatives of the United 
States and the other countries in arrantjing for 



admission to tlic country to which the refugee 
sought to go. Tile agencies cooperated with the 
governments in obtaining facts from the refugees 
and in presenting them at government offices. 
They assisted the refugees in finding new liomes 
and employment after they reached the United 
States or otlier country of destination. 

Vice President Nixon, after his return from 
Hungary, concluded that "the countries which 
accept these refugees will find that, rather than 
having assumed a liability, they have acquired a " 
valuable national asset." The Hungarian refugees 
wlio came to tlie United States bear this out. 
Tiiey are largely young, vigorous people. Half 
of those admitted were adult males. Nearly 
three-fourths of the refugees who reported an 
occupation are professional workers, craftsmen, or 
otlier skilled workers. 

As a further precautionary measure tlie Service 
undertook an immediate investigation of every 
allegation, rumor, or complaint concerning any 
Hungarian refugee. As of June 30, 1957, 2,346 
such investigations were initiated and 1,618 of 
them had been completed. The effectiveness of 
the screening processes utilized is demonstrated 
by the fact that only 45 refugees were returned to 
Austria — 16 by reason of Communist affiliations 
and 29 for liaving obtained admission by fraud. 
Twenty-eight close relatives elected to accompany 
refugees expelled and 119 other Hungarians chose 
to return for the most part to rejoin relatives in 
Hungary. 



3 




STAGE SHOW AT KILMER RECEP- 
TION center: Most of the refu- 
gees were taken to the Joyc 
Kilmer Reception Center, Camp 
Kilmer. N. J., which was reacti- 
vated in November 1956. Here 
a Special Services show is put i 
at one of the recreation centersBy 
for the enjoyment of Hungarians 1,^ [ 
temporarily housed there. 
Acknowledgment: U. S. Army photograph 



Immigrants 

The attraction of the United States as a country of 
immigration extended not onlj' to the Hungarians, 
whose need for asyhmi was great, but to thousands 
of other people throughout the world. The 6,130 
visaed refugees comprised but a small part of the 
total 326,867 immigrants who came to the United 
States as permanent residents during fiscal 
j-ear 1957. 

All immigrants must meet certain standards of 
health, morals, and economics. Beyond these 
criteria are two broad categories of admission for 



[t[T 

immigrants: (1) those whose admission is con- 
trolled numerically by the established cjuotas foi 
rountries except those in the Western Hemisphere, 
vnd (2) those who either by birth in a WesterD 
Hemisphere country, marriage to a United States 
citizen, or for other reasons fall within the legal 
definition of nonquota immigrants — i. e., those 
whose admission is not numerically controlled. 

(,)ui>ta immigrants. 97,178 quota immigrants 
entered the United States in 19.57, an increase oi 
9 percent over last year. 

There are two major reasons why the whole 



IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES 
1820 — 1957 




, 



'|ii"tii of 154,857 was not used. In the first place, 
I inidcr the national origjins plan, Great Britain was 
allotted 42 percent of total quota or 65,361 quota 
juunbers, but only 28,914 immigrants were charged 
to that quota; and secondly, most of the countries 
of southern and eastern Europe have 50 percent of 
their quotas mortgaged, as an aftermath of the 
Displaced Persons Act. (Legislation passed after 
the close of the fiscal year will forgive these 
mortgages — thus freeing approximately 8,200 
quota numbers per year.) 

Within the quotas are certain preference groups, 
who receive priority in the assignment of quota 
numbers. For these people visa petitions must 
be filed with this Service. 5,739 were approved 
for highly skilled or technical persons, and 2,992 
such persons were admitted, accompanied by 
2,739 wives and children. The increase of 54 
percent over last year appears to indicate that the 
American businessman is beginning to use this 




Iitiiiiigratiuii since World War II has been iuliuenced by 
spccial legislation passed for the benefit of persons caught 
in the aftermath of war. Quota immigration was high 
In. Ill 1950-1952 because of the Displaced Persons Act. 
XniK|uota immigration went up in 1956-1957, in part due 
til the Refugee Relief Act. 

section of the law. Outstanding doctors, engi- 
neers to aid in the jet au-plane program, and many 
other highly skilled and trained persons have been 
able to come to the United States because of this 
priority. Second, third, and fom-th preferences 
relate to parents of I'liitcd States citizens, spouses 
and children of resilient aliens, and brothers, 
sisters, sons, and daughters of United States 



citizens. 28,051 visa petitions were approved, 
and 13,466 immigrants were admitted under these 
priorities. In some countries with tight quotas, 
such as Italy and Greece, practically the whole 
quota is absorbed by the first three preferences. 

Nonquota immigrant'i. The principle of uniting 
families shows up not only in the preference quota 
classes, but also in the nonquota groups. Wives, 
husbands, and children of United States citizens 
accounted for 32,359 of the 229,689 nonquota 
immigrants. 111,344 of the total were natives of 
Western Hemisphere countries. 

The Refugee Relief Act of 1953 provided for the 
admission of 209,000 nonquota immigrants by 
December 31, 1956. In total 187,740 immigrants 
were admitted (82,444 of them in fiscal year 1957), 
leaving about 18,000 unused visas. (The act 
approved September 11, 1957, provides for the 
use of these unused allotments.) 



Nonimmigrants 

Temporary admissions. Visitors for business or 
pleasure numbering 537,760 pushed the total of 
persons admitted for temporary periods to a new 
high of 758,858. There were 107,399 nonimmi- 
grants admitted in transit. SLmpliiied procedures 
for tlie inspection of persons in continuous transit 
no iloul)t contributed to the increase of 65 percent 
over the fiscal year 1956 in the number of such 
temporary admissions. 

Ai/ricultural laborers. As Mexican illegal entries 
continued to decrease, admission of Mexican 
agricultural laborers reached an all-time high of 
450,422. 

About 16,000 workers came from the British 
West Indies (8,244), Canada (7,015), and Japan 
(1,000). The importation of these workers has 
proved higlily satisfactory, both to the employers 
and employees. The programs have been policed 
by the agencies of the United States and the ap- 
propriate foreign government, in order to msure 
that the workers are paid prevailing wages, and 
also to make sure that the employment of these 
workers has not affected adversely similar cate- 
gories of workers in the United States. 

A program was also inaugurated to import 
Spanish sheepherders as nonimmigrants. It is 
anticipated that approximateb' 400 workers will 
be needed. 




MEXICAN RECEIVING MICA: The Service has now isMied 
himmated identification cards (micas) to 600,000 Mexican 
nationals who have been security screened and whose iden- 
tity is est:il)lishe<i. Tlic issuance of the mica has proven 
itself both as a security measure and as an expedient in 
processing huxe numbers of workers for admission into the 
United States. 




CREWMEN examined: Crewmen presenting their docu- 
ments for examination on the Queen Elizabeth. These are 
a few of the 1,688,749 alien crewmen who came to the 
United States in pursuit of their calling in fiscal year 1957. 



Acknowledgii 



David Workman, New York, N. Y, 



Crewmen. The number of vessels boarded on 
arrival in 1957 was 69,716, an increase of 4,545 
over fiscal year 1956; planes boarded (147,404) 
increased by 19,532. There were 1,688,749 alien 
and 972,875 citizen crewmen examinations. 

Alien border crossers. 74,271,162 alien crossings 
of the land borders were made in the past year, 
()i- more than two per second, every second of the 
year. Sixty-two percent entered over the southern 
border and 38 percent over the northern border. 



Vdmission of Otherwise Inadmissible Aliens 

The Immigration and Xationality Act provides in 
section 212 (d) (3) that grounds of inadmissibility 
may be waived by the Attorney General for the 
temporary admission of aliens. To facilitate the 
travel of deserving individuals, or individuals 
whose ti'm])orary admission is in the national 
iiilen'st, this discretionary authority has been ex- 
ercised in behalf of 544 persons dming the course 
of the year. 

Under section 212(a) (28) (I) (ii) of the act. 
aliens who are inadmissible because of former 
membership or affiliation with pro-Communist 
organizations may be admitted as defectors if it 
is found they have disaffiliated themselves from 
the Communist cause for a period of at least 5 
years, have been actively opposed to that cause, 
and that their admission to the United States 
would be in the public interest. During this 
fiscal year this authority has been favorably ex- 
ercised in behalf of 161 persons. 

One of the most poignant humane functions 
performed by the Service involved the admission 
of orphans under the parole procedure, since they, 
like tiie Hungarian refugees, had no visas avail- 
able to them. Nine hundred and twenty-three 
orplians were paroled into the custody of their 
a<loptive parents. (The stattis of these orphans 
will be adjusted to that of permanent residents 
under the Act of September 11, 1957.) 



Citizens 

There were 63,319,099 citizen border crossings. 
2,436,154 other citizen arrivals from foreign coun- 
tries, and 972,875 citizen crewmen inspections 
during the vear. 



lACLUSIONS 



Iimiiiiii-iitiou officers at ports of entry luivp ])e(Mi 
alert to prevent tlie admission of aliens prejudi- 
lial to the public interest, safety, or security of 
tlir United States. They have continued more 
:iii(l more to be aware of and to exercise their 
ir-ponsibility to determine the admissibility of 
;i|i|)lirants for admission to the United States. 
fill- resulted in a decrease in the number of ap- 



plicants who were referred to special in(|uiry offi- 
cers for hearings to determine their admissibility. 
Nine hundred and seven aliens were formally 
excluded. 

There were also 156,352 aliens not admitted 
who, when advised of their inadmissibility by an 
immigration officer, did not apply for a formal 
exclusion hearing. 



ALIEN ADDRESS REPORTS 



2,833,732 aliens reported their addi-esses in Jan- 
uary of 1957, in compliance with the requu-ements 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act. This was 
an increase of more than 200,000 over last year. 
The increase represents the approximate diflference 
between immigration and natm-alization. 

States with alien populations of 100,000 and 



over were New York, 550,097; California, 475,829; 
Texas, 232,551; Illinois, 186,009; Michigan, 166,- 
065 ; New Jersey, 146,392; Massachusetts, 129,449; 
Pennsylvania, 128,368; and Ohio, 113,583. 

543,484 aliens were of British or Canadian na- 
tionality, 470,411 Mexican, 257,234 German, and 
255,667 were of Italian nationality. 



ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS 



All alien in the United States may, under certain 
ciMiditions, have his status adjusted to that of a 
permanent resident alien. 

Section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act ])rovi(lcs tlial. noiiinunigrants may apply for 
iminitiiaiit flatus. Last year 2,881 such applica- 
tions wi'i (■ api)ro\-cd. Twenty percent of the aliens 
who iiad their status adjusted under this section, 
and who were charged to qvuitas, were in the first 
])n'ft'rence class, indicating that they were highly 
sl.;illed persons. 

Other types of adjustment are suspension of 
il( portation, private bill, or special legislation such 
as section 6 of the Refugee Relief Act of 1 !».").>. All 
of these types must have the approval of Congress 
before sijiiiis can \,r adjtisted. 

Tlie einiihasis on the completion of applications 
for adjustment of status under section 6 of the 
Refugee Relief Act was continued dm-ing the 
fiscal year. The result was that as of June 30, 
1957, 5,018 applications had been approved and 
forwarded to Congress for consideration. 



Dm-ing the year there were 115 applications for 
suspension of deportation under the provisions of 
section 19 (c) of the Immigration Act of 1917 and 
820 applications under the provisions of section 
244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 
1952 approved and submitted to Congress. A 
total of 829 applications for suspension of deporta- 
tion were approved by Congress, the applicants 
thereby becommg permanent residents of the 
United States. 

The preexamination procedm-e was continued. 
Tlus consists of determining an applicant's eligi- 
bility for admission to the United States if in pos- 
session of a visa and if found eligible, thus guar- 
anteeing the Canadian Government that he will 
be readmitted to the United States after visiting 
an American considate in Canada for the pm-pose 
of obtaining an immigrant visa. During this 
fiscal year the cut-off date prior to which applicants 
must have entered the United States was extended 
with approval of the appropriate committees of 



Congress to January 1, 1957. This of course en- 
larged the number of persons eligible for such 
relief. The total number of applications disposed 
of diu-ing the year was 3,259, with 3,084 being 
approved. 

Pricate Billy. The workload wliich flows from 



CITIZENSHIP 

The emphasis on the processing of naturalization 
applications resulted in the complete elimination 
of backlogs and a more efficient operation. 
Consequently, the authorized force of naturaliza- 
tion examiners was reduced by 20. Naturali- 
zation e.xiuuiners are stationed in 45 cities tlu'ougli- 
out tlie I'nited States and service 781 courts, of 
which 744 operate under the system whicli permits 
hearings to be held by designated examiners who 
report their findings and recommendations to tlie 
court. 

Continuing efloiL was made to accommodate tlie 



private bills introduced in Congress has continued 
at a higli level: 

Fiscal 



Private bills introduced. 
Private laws enacted 



1953 1955 1957 

2, 980 3, 099 3, 144 

222 201 047 



public by reducing the nmnber of courts exercising 
naturalization jurisdiction to the larger courts. 
This was (lone liecause frequent final hearings can 
lie held in courts which have a large number of 
ix'tilions filed, whereas the smaller courts may 
iiold hearings only once or twice a year. Focal 
points convenient to the public are increasingly 
used, thus reducing the number of places to be 
visited by our examiners. ^Ylleu the Xationality 
Act of 1940 was drafted there were about 2,200 
naturalization courts to consider. Now this 
number is 781. Another advantage of fewer 




NEW u. s. citizens: These are 
children who were adopted by 
American citizen parents abroad 
and who became citizens through 
naturalization. 

Acknowledgment: Ralph Dohme, The 



roiiii- is the ri'sultant ^■rciiUT jicliicvcincnt in 
irili/.ing the "uniform rule of naturalization" tlic 
( (institutiou requires. 

I)uring the year, 138,043 petitions for luiturali- 
x.aiion were granted. Approximately three- 
fmnilis of those naturalized came from Europe. 
Many were displaced persons. Eight percent 
well' formerly citizens of Canada, and 4 percent 
loi iiicrly owed allegiance to Mexico. 

.Vliout 6 percent of those naturalized came from 
.\sia, principally the Philippines, Japan, and 
Cliina. Until the passage of the Immigration and 
Xalionality Act of 1952, many of these people 
roiiid not become citizens. Therefore, many of 
thcni had been in the United States for more than 
:;il \cars. 

( )n June 30, 19.50, the "Lodge Act" was enacted, 
whicli provided for the enlistment in the Regular 
.Vrniy of qualified, unmarried, male aliens. It 
aisn provided for eligibility for naturalization of 
those ciilislces after completion of 5 or more years 
oT iniUhii\ service, if honorablj' discharged there- 
t'niiu, and if out ry into the United States, American 
Samoa,, Swains Island, or the Canal Zone occurred 
pnisuunt to military orders. The first group of 
1 1 petitioners was naturalized under litis law on 
.Vii-iist 31, 1956, by the United States District 
('(.lilt for the District of Columbia at Washington, 
I). {'. 

In 1955, the United States Army ii^stituted a 
rotation system known as "Operation Gyroscope" 
w hieli involved the movement overseas of military 
l)erscntiel and their dependents. In connection 
with that operation, it was essential that alien 
depeiidenls of the United States citizen military 
personnel who were applicants for naturalization 
lie naturalized prior to the scheduled date of 
depaiture of such military personnel and accom- 
panying dependents. Dui-ing this year our Den- 
ver, Colo., office was called upon to act under 
["Operation Gyroscope" relative to the departure 
of the 8th Infantry Division from Fort Carson, 
Colo., to its new location in Germany. Five 
hundred and Hity dependents of officers and 
soldiers were naturalized in time to meet the 
I departure deadline. 

A declaration of intention has not been required 



for naturalization pur|)oses since December 24. 
1952, althougit onenuiy he obtained if other need 
for it exists. There were 15,911 declarations of 
intention filed during the fiscal year. This is the 
highest number at any time since the declaration 
as a prerequisite to naturalization was eliminated. 

There has been little change in the luimber of 
applications for certificates of citizi'nslii|) received. 
During this fiscal year there were :>l,:).'i:; ajiplica- 
tions filed. 17,773 certificates were issued to per- 
sons who derived citizenship. 7,007 ceitilieates 
were issued to persons who acquued citizenship at 
birth abroad to United States citizens. The Serv- 
ice has amended the regulations concerning the 
delivery of these documents by providing for de- 
livery of the certificate by certified mail within 
the United States. 

The Service has continued to cooperate with 
other agencies engaged in the promotion of cit- 
izenship edtication courses and Citizenship Day 
activities. 135,558 aliens were referred to classes 
conducted utider the supervision of the public 
schools. In most States a correspondence home 
study course in citizenship education is available 
to alien residents. 54,308 aliens were informed of 
home si t\i\\ roiiises. 

The iinines of 232,764 newly arrived immigrants 
were furnished to school authorities by the Service. 
These immigrants are potential candidates for 
naturalization, and the names are furnished as a 
part of the promotion of citizenship education. 
During the past fiscal year 211,409 persons at- 
tended citizenship classes under the supervision of 
the public schools. 

The Service continued the distribution of the 
Federal Textbook on Citizenship for the use of 
candidates for naturalization. This te.xtbook has 
been pre]«xred in several parts to meet the differ- 
ent educational levels of individual candidates. 
It is furnished free to persons who are enrolled in 
citizenship education classes under the supervision 
of the public school authorities. The books may 
also be purchased from the Government Printing 
Office by persons who are not qualified for a free 
copy. During the past fiscal year 147,794 copies of 
the various parts of the textbook were distributed 
bv the Service. 



PATROLLING THE BORDERS 




KMORCEMENT 



IM.fial Entries 

fjiiiil borders. For tlie decade ending in 1954 the 
loiiiinating factor in enforcement — because of its 
iijiiiiiitude — was the illegal entry of aliens across 
lir Mexican border. 

Ill fiscal year 1957 there were 59,918 apprehen- 
sions, two-thii-ds of last year's figure. Seventy- 
oiir iHM'cent of these apprehensions were of Mex- 
ciiii aliens. This is in contrast to S:^ percent in 



APPRKHENiilON OK ALItNS BY REGIONS 
Fiscal Y.-»rs 1955 -1957 



NI0RTHB45T 



C5«e->.ra,s ^OtHt- 



MORTHWEST 



m. 



<3.,..,.., Oi... 



SOUJHEA'bl 



r5^„. 



-0^ 

15 cTo'* 



.^ 



SOUTHWEST 



)5fc 1957 



^<-t,Ca^, ^Ot 



'I'he arrest of a greater proportion of aliens while 
in the act of entering, together with the prosecu- 
tion of the most flagrant violators, with accom- 
panying publicity, was the principal factor whicli 
Ill-ought about a continued reduction in apprehen- 
sions along the Mexican border. 

With the Mexican border mider improved con- 



trol, W.\ patrolnu 
border wiiere ilh 



le ni 
es \\ 



)ved to the noflliern 



Sea and. air. Mobile searcli teams were estab- 
lished at major seaports to prevent smuggling and 
desertions by crewmen. These highly mobile 
teams operate as task forces concentrating immi- 
gration officers at debarkation ports of suspect 
vessels. As a part of this operation, the move- 
ments of vessels that have carried stowaways or 
smuggled aliens are followed. Appropriate ports 
are notified of pending arrivals so that precau- 
tionary measures may be taken. 

Vessels on which crewmen have been ordered 
detained on board are reinspected periodically to 
make certain that such crewmen are not discharged 
or permitted to abscond. 

In contiguous territories and adjacent islands 
where airfields and short flying distances make 
air travel comparatively sini|)lc, smugsiliiig by air 
made an air inti'lligcmc progiani inipcrali\ c In 
the year and a half tiial this program has been in 
operation efi'orts were directed toward establishing 
control over illegal entry of civil aircraft from 
these places. 

Since initiation of this program 35 violations 
(section 239, Immigration and Nationality Act) 
were uncovered by Service officers and fines levied 
totaling $35,000. In addition, three violations of 




CAR WITH MAR 

$1,060 seized 
was $763.85il. 



UANA seized: Bags of marijuana valued at 
Texas. In 1957 tlie value of all seizures 



rvistoms laws were established involving smu<i<iliiig- 
of merchandise, and one violation of smuggling of 
aliens by aircraft. 

Some immigration officers are designated as 
acting customs officers to peimit on-tlie-spot 
seizures or arrests involving violations of customs 
laws. 



Anti-subversive and Anti-criminal Operations 

During the year, 8,226 investigations concerning 
possible subversives and 4,067 concerning persons 
of the criminal, immoral, and narcotic classes 
were conducted. Eight hundred and seventy- 
eigiit ]5()tenti:il applicants for admission were specif- 
ically identified as excludable from enti'v by reason 
of subversive affiliations. Identifications were made 
and evidence procured to establish excludability 
in 1,669 cases of aliens of the criminal, immoral, or 
narcotic classes. Expulsion proceedings were 
initiated against 37 subversives and 1,409 aliens 
in the criminal, immoral, and narcotic categories. 
Twenty-nine subversives and 775 in the latter 
classes were expelled from the United States. 
Seventeen of the 29 subversives were deported on 
other charges to expedite their expulsions. 

Among the subversive aliens deported are 
Polychronis Paschalidis, also known rs Paul 
Pascal, a Greek alien, who had been the National 
Secretary of the Federation of Greek Maritime 
Unions cited by the Attorney General as a Com- 
munist organization; Jose Angel Ocon, a Mexican 
alien, who had been a Communist Party leader 
in Los Angeles active chiefly among Mexicans 
there; and Louie Bok Chun, also known as Louie 
Dean, a former employee of the New York news- 
paper. The China Daily News. 

On June 13, 1957, an order was entered l)y tlie 
Ll^nited States District Court for the District of 
Maryland revoking the naturalization of Joseph 
William Chandler, on the groimds that his natural- 
ization was procured by means of material mis- 
representations and concealment of Communist 
Party membership and affiliations. Chandler 
was born in Russia and was admitted to citizenship 
on May 14, 1943. 

Action against racketeers included revocation 
of the 1928 naturalization of Paul Del^ucia. He 
has an extensive criminal record in Italy and 
Chicago. DeLucia had assumed the identity of 
another person and had been naturalized as that 
person. During the revocation proceedings the 



person whose identity he had assumed teslifKd 
on behalf of the Government. Joseph Staelier i< 
another notorious racketeer who was divested of 
citizensliip. 

Salvator Maneri, trafficker in narcotics with a 
long i)()Hee i-ecord, including grand larceny, was 
appreiienck'd at New York on October 25, 1956, 
a short time after he had reentered the United 
States as a stowaway following deportation. He 
was again deported to Italy after sentence im- 
posed for illegal entry had Iteen suspended in 
favor of deportation. 

With the passage of the Narcotics Control Act 
of 1956 (effective July 19, 1956), which amended 
section 241 (a) (11) of the Immigration and 
\'atiiinality Act and other provisions of that act, 
tins Service was for the first time in a position to 
apply the depoi'tation provisions of the law to 
aliens convicted of the illicit possession of narcotic 
drugs irrespective of the purpose of the illicit pos- 
of such drugs. 



Documentary Frauds 

One aspect of fraudulent document activity in- 
volves the use of spurious documents to support 
visa apphcations. The main targets of Service 
investigations in these cases are the unscrupulous 
individuals who make a business of supplying 
aliens with fraudulent documents and the aliens 
who with knowledge and intent to deceive use 
fraudulent documents to support visa applica- 
tions. During the fiscal year criminal prosecu- 
tions of principals in 18 visa fraud cases culmi- 
nated in the imposition of fines or prison sentences. 

A typical case is that involving prosecution of 
Elezio Perez, Ruben Moreno Vargas, and Jose 
Rivera Acosta, for the procurement of and sale of 
fraudulent offers of employment and bank letters. 
These fraudulent documents were sold to prospec- 
tive applicants for immigration visas in Mexico 
and such documents were used in at least five in- 
stances. The first two persons were sentenced to 
serve 5 years' imprisonment and the last named 
was sentenced to serve 2 years' imprisonment. 

Another aspect of document frauds involved 
the fraudulent use of birth certificates or altered 
documents by aliens to estal)lish United States 
citizenship. For example, tiiree aliens appre- 
hended in Milwaukee had in their possession de- 
layed birth certificates which they had secured in 
Texas. In another case an alien, wanted in 



■li- 



Aid) for oscapo from prison in 1950 after scrv- 
is months of a 12-year sentence for murder, 

I assumed the identity of a Ijrother who was 

II in Nebraska. 

neat strides were made in overcoming the 
iiicse fraud problem during the year. Chinese 

I he United States have over the years created 
iii-ds of descendants born abroad. In some 
I's these descendants are entirely fictitious, in 
CIS some or all of the descendants are deceased. 

false personation other Chinese have utilized 
se so-called "immigration slots" to obtain ad- 
^sion into the United States. Through the 
ilium of publicity reaching Chhiese they have 

II made aware that, even though they are here 
Liaily, they may have through military service 

the establishment of other equities become 
Lie for naturalization or discretionary relief 
11 deportation. In many cases Chinese per- 
s illegally in the United States who have long 
red deportation or prosecution now make full 
•losures knowing the Service will assist them 
1(1 just their status if at all possible under the 
These disclosures have enabled the Service 
■lose many fraudulent "slots." 



Dcjiortalions and Prosecutions 

()i,l,r to show cause. The deportation process 
starts when an alien is given an order to sliow 
cause as to why he should not be deported. In 
till' liscal year, 11,223 such orders were served 
l)y immigration officers. 

S juried inquiry hearings. A working force of spe- 
cial inquiry officers, reduced from 84 in February 
lorit; to :5.') in fiscal year 1957, was able to keep 
ciiiTcnl the iiicdining workload and dispose of the 
resiihic of old cases; thus demonstrating the effi- 
ciency and economy of the revised deportation 
procedure. This group of officers completed 
12,424 deportation cases and 2,117 cases in exclu- 
sion i)roccc(liiij:s. During the year procedures 
were revised to include notice of hearing as part 
of the process initiating the deportation proceed- 
ing, permitting the alien to plead to the matter of 
his (lci)ortal)ilily as set forth in the order to show 
cause, and aul hori/.iiig the use of standardized 
(h'cisions in cases where the alien admitted his de- 
portability and no substantial issues are involved, 
lietter than 78 percent of the aliens served with 
an order to show cause conceded then- deport- 



ahility during the hearing. Consequently, most 
ni'w cases were completed within 1 week after the 
conmiencement of the deportation proceeding. 
In the majority of these cases a final order was 
entered by the special inquiry officer immediately 
following the conclusion of tlu' hearing. 

Detention and parole. Since the initiation of the 
order to show cause procedure only those aliens 
considered likely to abscond are taken into cus- 
tody. The number who were detained, exclusive 
of those in staging areas in the Southwest, was 
20,472. 

The alternative to detention in custody is bond, 
supervision, or parole. At the end of fiscal year 
1957 there were 9,344 in these categories as against 
11,507 last year. 

Ciiexecuted orders of deportation. On June 30, 
1957, there were 7,493 unexecuted orders of de- 
portation. In more than a third of the cases the 
deportation was "in process"; in 1,780 cases the 
aliens were in institutions and could not be de- 
ported until released; in 843 cases there were stays 
because private bills had been introduced in Con- 
gress. But the troublesome cases are those where 
deportation is delayed and delayed. One major 
problem is tlic refusal of countries to issue travel 
docuniciils for ik'portation. More than half of 
the cases in tiu' inactive category are for persons 
from countries in the Communist orbit, for whom 
travel documents are not available. 

Another problem in completing deportation 
cases is the application for withholding deporta- 
tion based on claims of physical persecution. 
While there are worthy cases, there are also many 
in which there are indications that the primary 
purpose is solely to defeat deportation. 

The orderly (h>|(ortation of aliens, particularly 
those having long ( riininal records, continued to 
be interrupted by nonmeritorious court actions 
challenging the validity of deportation orders. 

Prolonged litigation is a serious stumbling 
block, since the alien able to finance extensive 
legal maneuvering is frequently the criminal or 
subversive most likely to be detrimental to the 
best interests of the United States. 

Deportation and voluntary departure. The problem 
of transporting deportable aliens has been under 
constant scrutiny. Greater efficiency and economy 
were realized by inaugurating flights of Service 
planes and the use of commercial vehicles. Dur- 



iiiji- the yciir Service planes transported :32,416 
aliens luulcr (l(>portation proceedings. 

Study of the problems connected with the de- 
portation of mental incompetents and plans to 
expedite such deportation received special atten- 
tion. When a mental incompetent is deported 
the taxpayers are saved estimated potential hos- 
pital costs of $38,000, based npon life expectancy 
in the average case. 

Wliile there are unpctUments to deportation, 
the majority of aliens found in illegal status do 
leave the United States — either by admitting de- 
portability and being granted voluntary departure 
or by deportation. 

For the fourth consecutive year deportations 
have decreased in number. The principal factors 
responsible for the downward trend are control of 
the Mexican border and the policy of granting 
voluntary departure whenever possible without 
instituting formal deportation proceedings. 5,082 
aliens were deiMntcd following formal deportation 
hearings. 

Voluntary departure in lieu of (li'])(irtation was 
granted in 63,379 cases. Sixiy-llvc ])crcent of 
these were across the southwosl boreler. During 
the year a uniform method of control of verifica- 
tion of vohmtary departure was instituted, where- 
by a central docket control was set up. Tiie 
system, although in use a comparatively short 
time, indicates a pronomu'cd degree of success. 

Prosecutions. Cases instilutcd in tlie courts for 
immigration violations declined to 2,759 this year 
from 3,369 in fiscal year 1956. These cases re- 
sulted in aggregate imprisonment of 1,417 years 
and aggregate fines of $32,862. 

AVERAGE SEr\iTENCE OF PERSONS CONVICTED 
FOR IMMIGRATION VIOLATIONS 











x1 




-^f 




^^ 




^ 






\ 


i 
ill'" 






^^^ 













IDV 



1954 to about 8.5 jpom 
sper 



CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION VIOLATIONS 
FISCAL YEARS 1948 - 1957 



n ILLEGAL ENTRIES 
□ OTHER VIOLATORS 


i 




i P-- - 


= p 


- 


if] 


H 




n 










i 




: 


1 


1 



Severe peiuilties were imposed in several 
stances where there were unusually flagrant viola-! 
tions of t]u> immigration and related laws. In one 
case, a Honolulu court imposed a 5-year sentence 
and a $5,000 fine under the provisions of section 
278 of the Immigration and Nationality Act for 
the importation of aliens for immoral piu-poses. 
In another case, a California court imposed a 3- 
year sentence for violation of title 18, U. S. C, 
section 911, for false claim of United States citizen- 
ship. Severe sentences such as these serve as de- 
terrents to many aliens who contemplate violation 
of the immigration laws. 

Convictions of 183 smugglers of aliens brought 
aggregate imprisonment of 132 years anil aggre- 
gate fiiu'S of $14,180. Convictions were also ob- 



14 



.•iiiir.l ill 102 casi's of (lociiuKMit fniud a 
if alien (Tcwmeii who remained in t 
states l.inefi- tlian authorized. 
I'riisccLilions for iiationahty viohitions 



he Ui 



24(3 (hn'iiig the vear ai 



d seiited thenisclv, 



('suited in 190 convictions 
nent of 137 years. The 
ahens who falsely repre- 
^cns of the United States. 



\l)MIMSTRATION 



ilcl.'d 



iddilion to tlic routine administrative (15u(ly;et, 
m-, Statistics, Personnel. Records, I'ro])- 
lii-ement, an. I I'roeunMneiit ) activities of 
tiie I'ollowing major items arc hig-ii- 
I) More than 16,000 apphcations for 
■nt to tlie position of Immigration Patrol 
were received within 6 months of tiie 
ill aiinouncemcnt; (2) 215 officers com- 

rses of instruction at the Officers Train- 

MJiool, while 243 officers completed courses at 
Border Patrol Academy; (3) Microfilming of 



iv< 


iiinlin 
Mam 


he 


\ear. 


gii 


ti'd: (1 


P]> 


lintnu 



maiiih'st records relating to persons arriving in 
and departing from the United States was com- 
])leted. This has resulted in faster processing of 
information from these records for both govern- 
ment and puldic need; (4) A major step in the 
stantlardization of procedure's was accomplished 
through elimination of all local district forms; and 
(5) A total of 1,894 suggestions were processed. 
Cash awards in the amount of $19,629.75 were 
granted 196 employees, and honorary awards were 
granted to an additional 99 employees. 



Table 1.— IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES: 1820-1957 



Number 
of person; 



Number 
of persons 



Number 
of persons 



Number 
of persons 



1820-1957 

1820... 

1821-30.. 

1821... 
1822... 
1823... 
1824.-, 
1825-- 
1826... 
1827.. _ 
1828... 
1829... 
1830... 

1831-40.. 

1831... 
1832... 
1833... 
1834... 
1835... 
1836... 
1837... 
1838... 
1839... 
1840... 

1841-50.. 

1841... 
1842... 
1843... 
1844... 
1845... 
1846... 
1847... 
1848... 
1849... 
1850... 

1851-60.. 

1851... 



41,061,612 



143, 439 



9, 127 
6, 911 

6, 354 

7, 912 
10, 199 
10, 837 
18, 875 
27, 382 

22, 520 

23, 322 



1852. 
1853- 
1854. 
1855. 
1856. 
1857. 
1858. 
1859. 



371, 603 
368, 645 
427, 833 
200, 877 
200, 436 
251, 306 
123, 126 
121, 282 
153, 640 



2, 314, 824 



599, 125 



1862. 
1863. 
1864. 
1865. 



22, 633 
60, 482 
58, 640 
65, 365 
45, 374 
76, 242 
79, 340 
38, 914 
68, 069 
84, 066 



91,918 
91,985 
176, 282 
193, 418 
248, 120 
318, 568 
315, 722 
138, 840 
352, 768 
387, 203 



2,812,191 



1, 713, 251 



104, 565 
52, 496 
78, 615 
114,371 
154, 416 
234, 968 
226, 527 
297, 024 



1871. 
1872. 
1873. 
1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877. 
1878. 
1879. 



321, 350 
404, 806 
459, 803 
313, 339 
227, 498 
169, 986 
141, 857 
138, 469 
177, 826 
457, 257 



2, 598, 214 



669, 431 
788, 992 
603, 322 
518, 592 
395, 346 
334, 203 
490, 109 
546, 889 



1890 

1891-1900. 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894.... 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900.... 

1901-10... 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904.... 

1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 

1910.... 

1911-20... 

1911.... 
1912.... 
1913...- 

1914 

1915.... 

1916 

1917 

1918.... 

1919 

1920.... 

1921-30... 

1921.... 
1922.... 



444, 427 
455, 302 



8, 795, 386 



487, 918 

648, 743 

857, 046 

812, 870 

1, 026, 499 

1, 100, 735 

1, 285, 349 

782, 870 

751, 786 

1, 041, 570 



5,735,811 



878, 587 
838, 172 
, 197, 892 
, 218, 480 
326, 700 
298, 826 
295, 403 
110,618 
141, 132 
430, 001 



1923.. 
1924.. 
1925.. 
1926.. 
1927.. 
1928.. 
1929.. 
1930.. 

1931-40. 

1931.. 
1932.. 
1933.. 
1934.. 
1935.. 
1936.. 
1937.. 
1938.. 
1939.. 
1940.. 

1941-50 

1941.. 
1942.. 
1943. 
1944.. 
1945. 
1946. 
1947. 
1948. 
1949. 
1950. 

1951... 
1952... 
1953... 
1954... 
1955... 
1956... 
1957... 



805, 228 
309, 556 



522, 919 
706, 896 
294, 314 
304, 488 
335, 175 
307, 255 
279, 678 
241, 700 



528, 431 



51, 776 
28, 781 
23, 725 
28, 551 
38, 119 
108, 721 
147, 292 
170, 570 
188, 317 
249, 187 



205, 717 
265, 5201 I 
170, 434 i I 
208. 1 77 
237, 7'.i(l 
321, (125 
326, 8b; 



16 



,BLE 2.— ALIEINS AND CITIZENS ADMITTED AND DEPARTED, T5Y MONTHS: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1956, AND 1957 



[Data exclude tia 



etween continental United States and its possessions, border crossers, and agricultural laborer 



Prriod 


AHens admitted 


Emigrants 
departed 


U.S. 


^itizens 


Immigrant 


Nonimmi- 
grant 


Total 


Arrived 


Departed 


. Fi,-cal year 1 057 

.July-Deceml)er 1 956 

Julv 


326, 867 


758, 858 


1,085, 725 


23, 933 


1,365,075 


1, 402, 107 


184, 925 


395, 401 


580, 326 


13, 376 


743, 319 


652, 433 


32, 165 
28, 814 
28, 267 
32, 198 
30, 833 
32, 648 


72, 391 
74, 494 
82, 590 
64, 650 
43, 163 
58,113 


104, 556 
103, 308 
110,857 
96, 848 
73, 996 
90, 761 


2,681 
2,646 
2,444 
2, 127 
1,586 
1,892 


144, 294 
168, 916 
144, 661 
110,808 
88, 653 
85, 987 


157 539 


\llfJUst 


133 981 










November 


78 796 


December 


90 272 


January-June 1957 




141,942 


363, 457 


505, 399 


10, 557 


621, 756 


749, 674 






26, 826 
24, 530 
26, 609 
23, 323 
20, 582 
20, 072 


50, 774 
39, 361 
61, 578 
71, 987 
69, 901 
69, 856 


77, 600 
63, 891 

88, 187 
95, 310 
90, 483 

89, 928 


1,958 
1,021 
1,486 
1,340 
1,827 
2, 925 


86, 989 
91,217 
109.421 
103, 026 
105, 765 
125, 338 


95, 826 






March 


116 920 


April 


115, 179 


May 




June 


179 341 






321, 625 


686, 259 


1, 007, 884 


22, 824 


1,281,110 


1,272,516 


Julv-December 1955 




158, 864 


368, 615 


527, 479 


13, 104 


699, 656 


573 149 


Julv - . 




26, 763 
25, 027 
24, 124 

27, 297 

27, 393 

28, 260 


66, 672 
69,215 
76,816 
58, 029 
46, 889 
50, 994 


93, 435 

94, 242 
100, 940 

85, 326 
74, 282 
79, 254 


2,712 
2,838 
2,583 
1, 906 
1,369 
1, 696 


134, 363 
157, 479 
134, 963 
104, 192 
84, 890 
83, 769 




August 


113 468 




87 534 




7b, 861 


November 


68 484 


December 


77 843 






162, 761 


317, 644 


480, 405 


9,720 


581,454 




.InniiflT-v 




24, 501 
24, 264 
28, 237 
28, 467 
28, 831 
28, 461 


47, 658 
37, 541 
55, 608 
55, 719 
59, 096 
62, 022 


72, 159 
61, 805 

83, 845 

84, 186 
87, 927 
90, 483 


1,502 
1,160 
1,614 
1,417 
1,552 
2, 475 


84, 006 
87, 568 

100, 607 
95,512 
97, 163 

116,598 


88 208 


111 


96, 072 
113,450 
115 267 


1 May 


116,504 


1 .une 1 





Table 3. ALIENS AND CITIZENS ADMITTED AT UNITED STATES PORTS OF ENTRY: 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Cla.ss 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total number 


144,591,023 


77, 862, 895 


66 728 128 






137, 590, 261 


74, 271, 162 


63, 319, 099 


Canadian 


53, 522, 956 
84, 067, 305 

2, 661, 624 
4, 339, 138 


28, 008, 556 
46, 262, 606 

1,688,749 
1, 902, 984 


25 514 400 


Mexican 


37 804 699 


Crewmen 


972 875 


Others admitted 


2 436 154 







Tah.-k I.— ALJENS AUMrXTED. BY CLASSES UNDEK THE IMMIGKATION LAWS: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953 1957 



1 continental United States and its possessions, border c 



vracn, and agricultural lalwrers] 



Aliens admitted^ 
Iinmigiaiits ' 



Quota ini migrants 

First preference quota: 

Selected iiiiniigrants of special skill or 
ability 

Their s|'.ous,.s and children 

Secu.„i|,n.fwrMr,.,|U..lu: 

I'ai.nl- Ml r S, rhizrns 

ThinI |)iv|\.,vMr,' ,|ii.,l:i: 

S| -'■- and ihililri'ii of resident aliens 

Fourlli |,ivf.iriii'r ,|uota: 

OlIiiT ivlaiixr- nf U. S. citizens 

Xon|.rrl,.|.i,r,. ,|U(.ta 

Disiilar.,! |H i~oi,- ailmittcfl under Displaced 

I'e,-,.,,- A.'l nf I'.ilS. a^aiiM'n.h.d _ 
Disphirrd iMTMHi- a.ljiiMnm -lain- under 

s(.cii,in 1, Di^pla.T.I l',-i>..n- Act ,.f 1!)48, 

as amended 

Nonquota immigrants 

Wivr> .,f (-. S rinzr,,> 



isphere countries. 



n U. S. citizens- 
I denominations. 



HuslKin,!- nl 

Chil.hvM ..f I 

Nati\r- ,,i W 
Th.n - 

TIl^'H rhlld 
P(.rMMl- Ul.n 

Mini.-lri.. uf 1 

Their spouses 

Their children 

Employees of U. S. Government abroad, 
their spouses and children 

Refugees ^ 

Other nonquota immigrants 



Nonimmigrants 



Foreign government officials 

Temporary visitors for business- 
Temporary visitors for pleasure- 
Transit aliens 

Treaty traders and investors 



Returning resident aliens ' 
Other nonimmigrants 



259 



15,916 

3, 359 

3,268 

58, 985 

1, 127 

987 

104 

244 

69 

74 



485,: 



24, 502 

63, 496 

243, 219 

67, 684 

878 

13, 533 

6, 112 

3,021 

174 

12, 584 

50, 397 



774,' 



l,42<i 
1, 027 



2,783 
6,004 



1,930 
7i, 843 



14, 079 



17, 145 

7,725 

5,819 

78, 897 

1, 119 

510 

427 

263 

57 

65 

4 

821 

1, 227 



566, 613 



23, 095 

61,029 

292, 725 

78, 526 

1,023 

25, 425 

5, 601 

' 7, 479 

504 

15, 260 

55, 887 

59 



858, 736 



1,236 

2, 394 

5,425 

3,075 
65, 71 1 



2,843 
6, 966 



2, 121 
73. 529 



21,244 

4; 710 
122,083 
1,398 
551 
44 
210 
55 
85 

2 

75, 473 
672 



686, 259 



27, 109 
72, 265 

399, 704 

65,214 

1,619 

28, 013 
5. 190 

' 17,077 

697 

17,204 

52, 136 



' Rerus-'r 

' Excluil 

admitted 1 



ic '1 from Japan and those 
I ch 8. 1957. See table 18. 
tension of documentary 



IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED. RY PORT OR DLSTRICT: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953-1957 



Port or district 



Immigrant 



1953 1954 



1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 



All ports or dist 



New Y"ork, N. Y 

Boston, Mass 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Portland, Maine 

Newport News, Va 

Norfolk, Va _ . 

Charlrslnli, S. (■ .__ 

Savaiiiiali, ( ia 
JacksonviUr, l-hi 

Kev West, Fla 

Miami, Fla 

West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 

Other Atlantic 



liiilf of Mexico 

Tampa, Fla 

Pensacola, Fla 

Mobile, Ala 

New Orleans, La__ 

Houston, Tex 

San Antonio, Tex^ 
Other Gulf 



'acific 

San Francisco, Calif. 

Portland. Oreg 

Seattle, Wash 

Los Angeles, Calif.' _. 

Honolulu, T. H 

Agana, Guam ^ 

Other Pacific ' 



24, 256 



31, 245 



405 
4 
171 
1, 459 
156 
112 
21 



7,578 



2,366 
16 
2,520 
1, 197 
1,479 



38, 613 
19, 500 



17, 232 



205, 154 



350 



23, 532 



98, 813 
2, 730 
556 
737 
71 
92 



48 

51 

336 

10, 433 

90 

1, 536 

233 

1,210 



115,787 

2, 565 

552 

471 

43 

74 

97 

69 

30 

111 

8t3 

13, 612 

137 

2,024 

114 

1, .334 



161, 545 

3, 104 

3, 794 

457 

36 

69 

233 

102 

18 

85 

1, 230 
18, 882 

149 

2, 431 



169, 556 
3, 722 
2, 322 
362 
36 
112 
282 
170 
39 
55 

1, 409 
16, 462 

203 

2, 112 
140 

' 8, 172 



14, 844 
219 
22 
60 



17, 195 
283 
78 
199 
2 
26 
38 
6 



52 
2, 925 
93 
489 
57 



20, 105 

293 

46 

100 

6 

14 

28 

5 

12 

2 

105 

2,033 

43 

273 

28 

■439 



3, 125 



3, 547 



6 

45 

1,473 

359 

1,021 

145 



10, 675 



10, 904 



16, 



20, 045 



17, 744 



16, 109 
19 
5 
2 



3,363 

24 

2,870 

1,678 

2,597 

80 

63 



2,727 
32 
2, 430 
1, 411 
4,081 
115 



3, 294 

26 

3, 661 

2,503 

6,922 

120 

74 



2,984 

34 

4, 083 

3, 895 

8,771 

185 

93 



915 

12 
6 

182 
499 
183 



282 
39, 008 
37, 855 



540 
42, 847 
65, 240 



48, 120 

49, 583 



2, 168 
1, 083 



20 

2,841 
1,265 



2,729 
123 



22 
3, 402 



Includes .San Pedro, Calif. 
■ Not reported as a separate port before 1954. 
Prior to 1964, Included in Seattle and LosAngeles. 



* Figure includes 6,030 Hungarian refugees admitted at Kilmer Reception 
Center, N. J. .\n additional 100 refugees were admitted at the ports of New 
York, N. Y.; Philadelphia, Pa.; and Minneapolis, Minn. 



Tahie 6— immigrant ALIENS ADMITTED, BY CLASSES UNDER THE IMMIGRATION LAWS AND COUNTRY 
OR REGION OF BIRTH: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Count V or n-gio 
birth 



Europe 



Austria 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany _. 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland' 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Rumania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom: 

England 

Northern Ireland. 

Scotland 

Wales 

U. S. S. R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 



China 2 
India.. 
Israel. - 
Japan _ 

Palest ir 
Philip). I 
Other .> 



Canada_ 
Mcxic, 
WV-i In, 



th At 



South America 

Africa 

Australia and New Zea- 
land 

Other countries 



85, 115 



4, 109 

1, 520 

345 

3,54 

1,373 

440 

675 

4, 180 

45, 230 
4,952 
8,705 
9, 124 

19,061 
1,07 
1,266 

12,416 
2,533 

11,225 
1,53" 
2,573 
1, 
2,294 



19, 533 
1,492 
5,946 
599 
4, 528 
9, 842 
2, 



23, 102 



5,425 
337 

1,275 

6,354 
475 

1, 

7,240 



06, 942 



49, 154 

18, 056 

5,780 

749 



50 
1,229 
1, 131 

5 

2,593 

24, 135 

302 

539 

9,064 

5,613 
172 
221 

2, 

2,334 

3,300 
445 
286 
186 

2,214 

1, 



1,465 

5,813 

560 

1, 100 

62 

806 



266 



198 
778 
159 
70 
9' 
1,575 



156 



229, 689 



94, 277 



2, 649 
190 
295 

2,312 
242 
355 
99 

1,58' 
21,095 

4, 650 

8, 166 

60 

13, 448 

905 

1,045 

9, ' 
199 

7, 925 
1,092 
2, 

823 
80 

159 

764 
2 

133 

39 

3,428 

9, 221 

1,384 



19, 836 



5,036 
139 
49' 

6, 195 
405 

1, 899 

5,665 



5, 67' 
583 



1 tlie United States wlio had adjuste 



21, 794 



302 
140 
14 
53 
1,055 
5, 899 
562 



1,724 
23 
31 

245 
81 

345 

225 
95 

314 



7, i 



904 
49 
51 

5,003 
15 

1, 069 



£S 



^2 






102, 691 



32, 
48, 924 
15,010 
5,590 
370 






•2, 862 



2,086 

129 

281 

1, 900 

17 

332 

9 

32 

14,32 

3,23 

7,945 

1 



9,205 
13 

7,203 
21 

2, 073 



■ Refugee Kelief . 



20 



K 6A.— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY CLASSES UNDER THE IMMIGRATION LAWS, AND 
COUNTRY OR REGION OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Country or region of 
last porniaiieut residence 


1 

a 
■§ 

J 

5 
Z 


1 


.J. 

c 

is 

1 


1 


■3 

1 


6 


II 

i! 


III 
III 

ill 


1 

n 

ice 


I 
II 

1 


1 
Pi 

82, 444 


1 

O 


All countries 

Europe 


326, 867 


97, 178 


229, 689 


21, 794 


5,767 


4,798 


111, .344 


2, 144 


58 403 


937 


169, 625 

8, 171 

2,211 

16 

86 

1, 109 

27 

498 

6,017 

60, 353 

5,326 

6, 383 

7,084 

19, 624 

51 

22 

14, 958 

2, 337 
571 

1,457 

152 

748 

2, 563 

1,847 

19, 279 

1, 143 

4,425 

316 

65 

858 

1,928 


74, 995 


94, 630 


11, 947 


2,866 


2,687 


438 


560 


16 143 


75, 633 


340 


Austria 




1, 009 

1, 435 

6 

43 

933 

9 

423 

2,925 

21, 102 

273 

159 

7,046 

5,388 

16 

7 

2, 300 
2, 145 

234 
408 
58 
150 
2,281 
1, 697 

18, 167 
1,125 
4,392 
297 
29 
317 
621 


7, 162 

776 

10 

43 

176 

18 

75 

3, 092 

39, 251 

5, 053 

6,224 

38 

14, 236 

35 

15 

12, 658 

192 

337 

1,049 

94 

598 

282 

150 

1, 112 
18 
33 
19 
36 
541 

1,307 


188 

17 

2 

13 

92 

2 

43 

1,240 

6, 572 

495 

24 

6 

1, 653 

7 

4 

157 

64 

133 

203 

18 

224 

17 

81 

224 

11 

4 

6 

254 

192 


26 
4 


27 
2 


4 
2 


6 

4 






6,895 

735 

8 

20 

26 

16 

6 

1,606 

31, 795 

3, 846 

6, 165 

4 

10, 045 

20 

6 

12, 371 

44 

72 

14 

46 

22 

235 

3 

578 
7 
1 
2 
16 
67 
962 


16 


Belgium 




9 


3 


Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 




6 
32 


4 
13 












2 


2 






9 


Estonia 








Finland 


8 

66 

143 

490 

10 

1.286 

6 

1 

49 

37 

28 

254 

15 

150 

9 

28 

61 

3 


9 

103 

578 

204 

23 

2 

817 

2 

1 

13 

19 

100 

434 

13 

70 

6 

13 

20 

1 


1 
29 
26 

2 


2 

19 
25 

1 


i 


3 
17 

4 
7 
2 
1 
22 


3 






Gernumv 


108 


Greece 


7 


Hungary 

Ireland 




6 
100 


2 

268 


9 


13 


Italv 


36 


















Netherlands 

Norway 


16 
4 


8 
3 




6 
9 
2 
3 


38 
12 


Poland - . - 


2 


Port ugal 


40 

51 

4 
11 

119 
6 
8 
2 


101 

46 
3 

8 

53 








1 


Spain , 




33 


2 


Sweden 


8 


Switzerland 






Q 


United Kingdom: 
England 

Northern Ireland 


3 


19 


35 
3 


Scotland 






2 


8" 


Wales 


7 
54 
88 


4 


4 




2 


U. S. S. R 






7 


Yugoslavia 


163 
46 


4 


3 


2 


1 
3 




Other Europe 


7 


Asia 


20. 008 


4,030 


15, 978 


7,748 


781 


1,602 


39 


23 


16 


106 


5,642 


21 


China ^_ 


2,098 
196 
2, 600 
6,829 
28 
1,874 
6,383 


105 

118 

2, 223 

' 184 

6 

92 

1,302 


1, 993 
78 
377 

1, 782 
5,081 


251 

24 

143 

5,205 

4 

986 

1, 135 


56 
36 
139 
194 
4 
92 
260 


81 

8 

30 

496 






1 
""' 10 


5 

44 
33 


1,596 

700 

14 

77 

3,244 




India 

Israel 


6 
5 

4 


1 
3 
3 


2 
2 


Japan 




Philippines 

Other Asia 


619 
368 


4 
20 






2 
21 


2 


16 


5 


12 


North America 


123, 309 


13, 726 


109, 583 


1,609 


1,840 


428 


102, 631 


1,248 


25 


123 


1. 123 


556 


Canada 


46, 354 
49, 321 
18, 362 
5, 731 
3,541 


11,556 

98 

1, 176 

160 

736 


34, 798 
49, 223 
17, 186 
5,571 
2,805 


581 
113 
579 
54 

282 


520 

59 
822 

37 
402 


56 
17 
313 
13 
29 


32, 438 
48, 844 
15, 007 
5,420 
922 


862 
27 

309 
28 
22 


12 

8 
4 


40 
6 

52 
5 

20 


18 
2 
18 
10 
1, 075 


271 


West Indies 


82 


Central America 

Other North America,. 


3 
53 


South America 


10, 851 
1, 600 

1,228 
246 


2,041 
1,185 

988 
213 


8,810 
415 

240 
33 


91 
237 

147 
15 


147 
82 

48 
3 


24 
41 

3 


8,202 

14 

13 

7 


288 
19 

6 


^ 


22 

1 

8 


19 
20 

4 
3 


16 


Africa 

Australia and New Zea- 
land 

Other countries 


1 
2 













under sec. 6 of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953. 



E f.H.-MAXlMUM VISAS AUTHORIZED AND IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED TO THE UNITED STATES 
UNDER THE REFUGEE RELIEF ACT OF 1953: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1954-1957 



Maximum 

visas 
authorized 



iber admitted 



Total number. 



German expellees in Western Germany, Berlin, or Austria 
Escapees in Western Germany, Berlin or Austria, Total.. 

Rei-.Mit IliiMiiMnMi, TUiuK'r>- - 

Escapees i,i \ N'I'ii ci uml lir- or in 'I'lirki'W Sweden, Iran, 

orTri.si.' 

Polisli v.l, ,,,,, ,vl,m. .■. in til,. Tiiitrd Kingdom 

lt.-ili;.n ivfii--- u, Ii.-ily or Trieste 

Ji:ili;in i.l.ii i\ r- ni 1 S. eitizens Or alien residonts, residing 



IS or alien residents, residing 



1)1 


ell irlni;^.- 


l)u 


tehn-l.-;ln- 


i 


1 the .\-iiii 


FarEasi ,,|i,.: 


F.-1 


EasI irlll^. 


CI, 


'-Iin/'n'iu'^' 



iidents, residing 



55, 000 
35, 000 

10, 000 
2,000 
45, 000 

15, 000 
15, 000 

2,000 
15, 000 

2,000 
2,000 
3, 000 
2,000 
2,000 
4,000 
5,000 



37, 191 
27, 628 
6, 130 

9, 866 
1, 996 
13, 148 

46, 304 
9, 198 

7,518 
13, 839 



1, 939 
3, 571 
2,601 



2,604 



613 


18, 183 




2,275 


59 


2, 654 




59 


43 


429 




8 




167 




48 




36 


106 


859 



4, 836 
1.361 
6,710 

24, 114 
5,051 

3, 814 

1, 552 

275 
114 

2, 426 
422 
738 

1,325 
493 



20, 433 
18, 971 



4, 51C 

54 

5. I)4f 



87:; 

99igtt«; 
12, 2281 U 

ISCf" 
76f( 

w 

1^ 



()C. IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED UNDER THE REFUGEE RELIEF AC'I' 



i.?. in' CLAs; 



, ADMISSION AND COUNTRY OR REGION 


OF BIRTH: YEARS ENDED JUNl 


30, 1954-1957 




Country or region of birth 


1 

1 


1 

g 
o 


1 
1 




si 


11 

11 



Is 

n 
11 


i 

1 

a 




i 



H 


All countries 


187, 740 


37, 191 


43, 624 


1, 996 


59, 452 


16, 716 


14, 769 


7,820 


3,571 


2,601 




171, 448 


37, 007 


43, 274 


1,977 


58, 822 


16, 421 


11, 493 


302 


1,604 


548 




4,655 

451 

478 

2,900 

29 

639 

17 

658 

20, 917 

16, 917 
9, 631 

18 

57, 002 

1,563 

1,677 

11,337 

20 

11,837 

34 

4, 354 
118 

78 
38 

557 
2 
33 
87 

5, 819 

17, 399 
2, 183 


3, 050 
11 

26 

1, 701 

8 

135 

40 
9,955 

17 
1, 923 

38' 
461 
751 

17 

7 
3, 649 

7 

3, 071 

57 

1 

8 

28 

1 

5 

45 

1, 630 

10, 197 

167 


1, 123 
419 
409 

1, 112 
20 
466 

572 

10, 585 

368 

7, 543 

510 

1,047 

907 

81 

12 

6, 694 

5 

1,072 

24 

71 

15 

63 

12 
3, 993 
5, 063 
1,068 


8 
i" 


92 
3 
3 
7 


1 

33" 

1 


12 
17 
-- 


2 
1 

1 
1 


365 


2 


Belgium 


II Bulgaria 


2 


3 
62 






1 -1 nlli-l 


1 








36 








5 

13 

196 

505 

1 


rr.uirr 


2 

31 
97 

7 

3 
24 

7 
12 

4 

" 1,226" 

12 
6 

1 
1 

420 
1 
19 
21 
29 
25 
9 


19 
34 
188 
29 
8 
55, 938 
4 

2 

23 

2 
61 
6 

3 

6 


5 
16 
15, 724 
5 
5 
28 
25 


5 
90 
5 
5 


5 
11 
3 


I 


Ilnngarv 


5 

2 

115 


ln-!and: 


Italv 


2 

3 

2 

11, 215 


5 

1 
2 

7 


455 





Latvia 

l.itliuania 


13 
2 
2 


Xitherland'! 


Xiirwav 


Puiand - 


11 

68" 

r 
2 


52 
2 
23 

2" 
7 

31 


5 

7 
3 
2 

1 
1 

4 


1 
9 

""""17" 
._ 

2 


176 


I'l'ilugal 


Huniania, .. 




Spain 

SvM'den 


4 




, 


r lilted Kingdom: 
laigland 


^ 


Northern Ireland _ 




Scotland ... 


7" 

21 

2,003 

359 


2 

22 
33 

427 










Wales 


4 
7 
2 








r S. S. R 


99 

4 

136 


u" 

14 


21 

53 

1 


1 itli.r Europe 


V-ia 


15, 296 


115 


259 


15 


18 


253 


3,207 


7,473 


1,921 


2. 035 




China 


6,059 
46 

520 
2,167 

604 

5,782 


16 
2 
6 


"48" 


r 

1 
3 


6 
2 

2" 


10 
i" 
.. 

241" 


3 

28 

3 

2" 
3, 170 


3, 987 
8 
459 
935 
593 
27 
1,464 


46 

5 

2 

1,222 

si" 

565 


1, 975 


India 


iM-a.-l 






4 


I'al.-I 


2 


PlilU|,pii,.- 






90 


191 


10 


45 




Vi.nh America 


484 


50 


57 




287 


20 


32 


22 


11 


5 


Canada 


15 
5 
48 
7 
409 


3 

1 
5 

40 








1 


26 


5 
2 
3 
2 
10 


2 


1 


M.-NJr,, 




W.-t 1imIi.-~ 






18 


8 




Central America ^ 


3 


Other Xorth America 


50 




285 




iouth America^ . 

Vfrica 


42 
405 
29 
36 


6 
3 

9 


2 

4 


-- 


6 
318 


20" 

1 


8 
9 
15 
5 


2 

14 

1 
6 


"""ie" 
9 
10 


9 
4 


\u-iralia and New Zealand,. 






1 









Table 7— ANNUAL QUOTAS AND QUOTA IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953-1957 



Quota ; 



Annual 
quota ' 



Quota immigrants admitted 



All quota areas 

Europe 

Northern and Western Europe 

Belgium 

Denmark 

France 

Germany 

Great Britian, Northern Ireland 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Sweden 

Swil zerlund 

Southern and Eastern Europe 

Austria 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Estonia 

Finland 

Greece 

Hungary 

Italy__J 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Poland 

Portugal 

Rumania 

Spain 

Turkey 

U. S. S. R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Southern and Eastern Europe 

Asia 

China 

Chinese 

India 

Asia Pacific Triangle 

Other Asia 

Africa 

Oceania 



3,246 



63, 649 



62, 307 



1,093 

1, 124 
2,984 

20, 866 
24,219 
89 
4,635 
76 
2,903 

2, 259 
1,640 
1,761 



1,445 

1, 128 
3,044 

28, 361 
21, 092 
109 
5, 169 
79 
3,208 

2, 195 
1,803 
1, 634 



1,068 

1, 129 

2, 903 
23, 430 
19, 267 

93 
5,825 

74 
3,020 
2,310 
1,561 
1,627 



1,201 

3,013 

25,618 

22, 695 

142 

6, 235 

52 

3,270 

2,391 

1,867 

1,750 



24, 502 



18, 582 



20, 923 



16,619 



16, 914 



1,405 
100 

2,859 
115 
566 



5,645 
235 
384 

6,488 
438 
289 
250 
225 

2,697 
933 
700 

2,990 



903 

56 

2, 138 
113 
527 
172 
575 

4,970 
224 
258 

4,428 
385 
208 
583 
118 

1,926 
690 
308 



1,056 
52 

2,005 
156 
555 
571 
801 

6, 042 
203 
311 

4,851 
496 
308 
329 
190 



923 
83 

1,615 
166 
496 
267 
528 

5, 398 
239 
199 

3,657 
414 
225 
201 
129 

1,283 
562 
234 



1,343 
123 
578 
252 
510 

5,649 
173 
236 

3,428 
427 
205 
176 
140 

1.392 
560 
257 



3,: 



2,294 



100 
105 
100 
100 
2,585 



63 

1,348 

120 

21 

1,734 



' The annual quota was 154,667 in the fiscal years 1953-56. 

' The 1954, 1955, 195ti. and 1957 figures include 7,191; 4.325; 3,282; and 2,697, respectively, quota immigrants who had adjusted their status in the United States, 

1 as by suspension of deportation, by private law, or as displaced persons. The 1957 figures for Chinese include 222 Chinese who had adjusted their status 



r\ -OUOTA IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED, BY QUOTA AREA AND QUOTA PREFERENCES: 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 





Total 
quota 
immi- 
grants 


First 
preference 


Second 
prefer- 
ence 


Third 

prefer- 


Fourth 
prefer- 
ence 


Nonpreferen 


^ 


Sec. 4 


(Juuta area 


Selected 
immi- 
grants 
of spe- 
cial 
skills 


Their 
spouses 

and 
children 


Par- 
ents of 

U.S. 
citizens 


Spouses. 
ehildren 

of IVM- 

denl 
aliin> 


Ollh-r 
r.-hili\es 

.if r. s. 

cilizeus 


Total 


Admit- 
ted non- 
prefer- 
ence 


Adjust- 
ing 
status ' 


dis- 
placed 
per- 
sons^ 


All quota areas 


97, 178 
93, 698 

77, 826 


2,992 
2,614 

1,078 


2,739 
^27419^ 

1,123 


3,677 
3,390 

677 


6,631 
~67l38 

1,874 


3,158 
3,045 


77, 887 


77, 207 


680 
417 

109 


94 


76, 055 
71,035 


75, 638 
70, 926 


37 


Northern and Western 
Europe 


2,038 


1 


Belsium 


1,419 
1, 137 
2,954 
24, 952 

28, 914 

134 

8,933 

2,993 
2,346 
2,289 
i;682 

15, 872 


5 

97 
359 

109 
2 
2 

isi' 

60 
11 
165 

1,536 


6 
79 
115 
366 

113 
-- 

216 
58 
15 

153 

1,296 


22 

19 

HI 

303 

143 

4 

1 
29 
27 

4 
13 

2,713 


104 
198 
608 

474 
9 
52 

134 

208 
21 
58 

4,264 


16 

37 

227 

1,384 

120 
10 
16 
1 
80 
109 
4 
34 

1,007 


1,363 

811 
2, 206 
21,931 

27, 955 

8,858 
69 
2,353 
1,884 
2,234 
1,259 

5,020 


1,361 

811 

2, 196 

21,909 

27, 903 
112 
8,853 
69 
2, 346 
1,877 
2,232 
1,257 

4,712 


2 




Denmark 


10 
22 

52 








Creat Britain, North 
Ireland 




Iceland 


5 




Ireland 




Luxembourg 


7 
2 
2 








Sweden 




Switzerland 

Southern and Eastern 
Enrope 




308 


36 


Austria 


1,430 
47 

1,242 
72 
568 
262 
490 

5,454 
143 
204 

3,037 
457 
206 
163 
133 

1,154 
526 

284 


162 
10 
51 
15 

43 
85 

708 
22 
22 

161 
19 
40 
47 
31 
42 
50 

11 


119 
4 
45 
10 
18 
25 
87 

641 
26 
24 

134 
21 
34 
12 
18 
26 
46 

6 


63 
13 

72 
6 

44 
130 
1,443 
29 
39 
330 
105 
45 
41 
30 
185 
106 

15 


198 

5 

139 

11 

66 

51 

78 

2,457 

14 

28 

529 

217 

27 

31 

18 

114 

223 

58 


184 

3 
138 

1 
73 

5 

6 

5 

14 

420 

15 

2 

1 

ho" 

2 
20 


704 
_12 

'26 
377 
94 
102 
197 
42 
76 
1,451 
80 
56 
31 
30 
676 
95 

174 


685 
12 

778 
17 

368 
61 

131 
37 
74 
1, 399 
70 
50 
16 
31 

649 
78 

168 


19 






13 
9 
9 
33 
14 
66 
5 
2 
52 
10 
6 
15 
5 
27 

6 


6 
3 


Czechoslovakia 

Estonia 


Finland 






2 




Italy 


5 






12 


Poland 




2 




r.s.s. li 

Yusu.lavia_ _-- 
Other Southern and_ 
Eastern Europe. _- 


i 

4 


Asia 


~2, 343 


284 


233 


208 


367 


66 


1,128 


877 


251 


57 




60 
267 
139 
59 
1,818 


14 
11 
39 


5 
15 
22 


10 

9 

181 


15 
5 
23 


2 

1 


14 

174 
47 
58 

835 


10 
9 
42 
58 
758 


4 

165 

5 


2 

51 


Chinese 


India 




Asia Pacific Triangle., 
Other Asia 


220 


"""191 


324 


63 


77 


4 




. 679 
458 


49" 


44 
43 


52 

27 


83 
43 


38 
9 


413 
291 


409 
283 


4 
8 













Persons adjusting status by suspension of deportation, or by Private law. 
Persons ad ustinp status under sec. 4, Displaced Persons Act of 1948, as amended. 



Tu.i E 8 IMMKiKAM' ALIENS ADMITTED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF HIKTII AND \1 \,|()1{ 
GROUP: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Country or i-i-i;ion 
of birth 


1 

s 

1 

1 


ll 

lis 

111 


il 


1 S 

1' 


1 


1 
1 


Craftsmen, fore- 
men, and kindred 
workers 

Operatives and kin- 
dred workers 


ii 

? 


il 
11 

1"^ 


S 

il 

£ 


II 


1 

i 

o 


All countries _.- 


526, 867 


24, 489 


3, 506 


6, 127 


20, 619 


5,278 


26, 976 19, 362 


11, 457 


8,761 


4,585 


21, 826 


173,881 


Europe 


185, 115 


14, 246 


2,614 


3, 404 


11, 858 


3,443 


20, 208 


14, 392 


5,900 


6, 106 


2,546 


8, 176 


92, 222 




4, 109 
3,541 
4, 180 
45, 2S0 
8,705 
9, 124 

19, 061 
1,077 
1,266 

12, 416 
11,225 
2, 573 
27, 570 
4,528 
9,842 

20, 668 


300 
361 
310 
2,357 
1,040 
901 
517 
136 

762 
776 
201 

3, 394 
494 
326 

2,285 


20 

25 

80 

155 

120 

301 

685 

14 

14 

117 

149 

40 

53 

73 

255 

513 


55 

95 

83 

576 

149 

181 

177 

24 

12 

306 

278 

57 

758 

85 

65 

503 


152 

296 

244 

3, 198 

436 

793 

276 

92 

48 

860 

474 

70 

3, 212 

211 

253 

1,243 


45 
79 
42 
1,150 
89 
286 
63 
22 
22 
206 
173 
39 
680 
60 
116 
371 


230 
505 
216 

4,556 

1,626 
883 

2, 233 
134 
234 
950 

1,862 
396 

2, 304 
654 

1,553 

1,872 


132 
338 
167 

2,656 

1, 318 
931 

1,229 
101 
159 
643 

1,601 
316 

1,724 
510 

1,250 

1,317 


88 
93 
61 
1,348 
129 
931 
798 
32 
28 
99 
223 
130 
724 
121 
352 
743 


84 
190 
137 
1,288 
257 
487 
405 

47 

45 
326 
567 

88 
756 
160 
478 
791 


25 
22 
28 
149 
106 
256 
603 
3 
20 
100 
243 
63 
72 
105 
226 
525 


67 
180 

55 
977 
572 
820 
1, 351 

59 
115 
179 
915 
228 
417 
3-19 
1,040 
852 


2,911 


Czechoslovakia 


1,357 
2,757 


Germany 


26, 820 
2,863 




2,354 


Italy 


10, 724 


^^i;::\:::::-- 


413 
483 


Netherlands 

Poland 


7, 868 
3, 964 




945 


United Kingdom — 

U. S. S. R 

Y'ugoslavia 

Other Europe 


13, 476 
1,706 
3, 928 
9, 653 




23, 102 


2,347 


132 


537 


1,204 


183 


621 


379 


107 


536 


75 


159 


16, 822 








5.425 
337 
6,354 
1, 996 
8, 990 


1,029 
105 
97 
130 
986 


12 
3 

58 
6 

53 


250 
13 
13 
4 

257 


392 
17 
24 
24 

747 


67 
5 
9 
3 

99 


60 
8 

21 

6 

526 


74 
6 
15 
16 
268 


49 
1 
5 
10 
42 


321 
4 

10 
10 

191 


12 
4 

18 
3 

38 


14 

1 

21 

7 

116 


3, 145 




170 


Japan 

Philippines 

Other Asia 


6, 063 
1,777 
5,667 






North America 


106, 942 


6, 180 


716 


1,792 


6,449 


1, 505 


5, 540 


4, 155 


5,078 


1,952 


1,926 


13, 345 


58, 304 


Canada 


33, 203 
49, 154 
18, 056 
5,780 

749 


3. 878 
604 

1, 169 
430 

99 


141 
398 
111 
35 

31 


780 
365 
506 
101 

40 


3, 524 
941 

1, 230 
711 

43 


833 
362 
241 
56 

13 


2, 323 

1,505 

1,251 

388 

73 


1,217 
938 

1,568 
398 

34 


359 

3, 970 

208 

525 

16 


673 
752 
386 
113 

28 


318 

1,47S 

92 

n 
n 


942 

11, 795 

518 

47 

43 


18, 215 
26, 045 


West Indies 

Central America 

Other North 

America 


10, 776 
2,957 

311 


South America 

Africa 


9,002 
1,673 

756 

277 


1,371 
208 

126 
11 


40 
3 

1 


311 
59 

21 
3 


891 
151 

54 
12 


100 
23 

17 

7 


447 
103 

31 
26 


321 

82 

23 
10 


329 

24 

12 

7 


110 
34 

12 


3C 


110 
32 

3 

1 


4,942 
952 


Australia and New 
Zealand 


454 


Other countries 


185 



1 Includes Formosa. 



26 



9— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIRTH, SEX. MARITAL STATUS, 
AND AGE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 









.3 
















1 






s. 










1 


ja 


1 


1 


S,A, marital 


1 


1 


^ 










.« 




.5 


X 


.2 


1 








.2 

■0 


1 
< 




1 


1 


Minis, andace 


1 


1 


i 


1 

3 


1 


t 


a 


1 


1 


i 


t 


1 


1 


.2 


1 


f 


1 


s 


1 


1 






o 


a 


ts 


--- 


— - 


J 


3 


£ 


6 


& 




° 


< 





^ 





' 


& 





Number 


























admitted. 


326,867 


3,541 
1.818 


45. 230 
18. 161 


8,705 
5.531 


9.124 
4.370 


19.061 
9,607 


1.077 
549 


1.266 
714 


11,225 
6,471 


27, 570 
10,955 


2.403 


9,842 
5.271 


43,946 
21. 734 


23, 102 
8,892 


33, 203 


49, 154 
26, 69f 


18.056 
8,866 


5,780 
2,316 


749 
394 


9.002 


2,706 


^^Sale 


155, 201 


1,254 


Female 


171, 666 


1,723 


27,069 


3.174 


4,754 


9.454 


528 


562 


4,754 


16,615 




4.671 


22. 212 


14,210 


18:264 


22,459 


9.190 


3,465 




4|74( 


1,452 


Marital status: 












































Male: 












































Single 


87, 236 


763 


12.836 


3.261 


3.437 


4.695 


208 


282 


2,322 


5,364 


712 


2.66S 


12,069 




8,295 


15.374 


4,867 


1,64S 


79 


2.741 


691 


Married 


65,114 


963 


5,080 


2.046 


905 


4.791 


314 


407 


3,922 


5,390 


1.537 




9.304 


369* 


6.468 


10.993 


3,836 




297 


1.468 


648 


Widowed...- 


1,121 


24 


68 


48 


19 


99 


9 


10 


82 


92 


60 


7S 


126 


97 


64 


176 


23 


IC 


12 


17 


8 


Divorced.... 


1,428 


65 


161 


156 


4 


8 




12 


126 


81 


87 


88 


197 


45 


82 


105 


128 










Unknown.... 


302 


3 


26 






14 


1 


3 


19 




7 


12 


49 


14 


30 


47 


12 


4 


5 


5 


1 


Female: 












































Single 


77,841 


472 


12,903 


1.171 


3.653 


4. 021 


133 


160 


1,046 


7,336 


365 


1.468 


10.001 


3,805 


9.728 


12.026 


4,063 


2.164 


49 


2.738 


549 


Married 


83,716 


1,091 


12.36C 




977 


4.806 


288 


323 


3', 17.i 


8,255 


1.324 


2,603 


11.082 


10,005 


7,911 


9,364 


4,684 


1.036 


260 




827 


Widowed.... 


6,630 


103 




'l9J 


110 


610 


78 


67 


393 




316 


391 


720 


30f 


301 


804 


219 


114 


47 


'168 


49 


Divorced.... 


3.287 


56 




107 


6 


4 


28 


21 


137 


28j 


119 


102 


380 




207 


260 


318 


14f 


9 


78 


26 


Unknown 


192 




28 


6 




13 




1 








7 


29 


10 


27 


15 




6 








Age: 












































Male: 












































Under 5 












































years 


15,766 


5 


3,303 


188 


209 


672 


1 


1 


(, 


1 056 




62 


2 686 


753 


2 740 


2 807 


570 


204 


1 


447 


1,55 


5-9 years 


13,452 


39 


2.786 


262 


89 


953 


3 




34 


912 




14! 2 237 


1 n-4 


I nni 


2 (If- 


613 


198 


2 


366 


113 


10-19 years... 


21,862 


187 


3.158 


1.066 


621 


1.789 


59 


"■"io9 


546 


1 182 






1 !2S 


471 


3 


482 


182 


20-29 years... 


44, 100 




4.664 


1.903 


2, 223 








1 2(J 










826 


7f 


1,625 


359 


30-39 years... 


32,289 


553 




1.087 


784 


1,'534 


171 


221 


2 44S 


2 '»!■ 








378 


130 




255 


40-49 years... 


16,911 


290 


1.'220 


624 


298 


1.390 


116 


147 


1 378 


1 181 






nil 


176 


113 


29t 


115 


50-59 years... 


7,478 


154 


608 


300 


96 


758 


69 


73 


b2h 










41 


30 


101 


48 


60-fi9 years... 


2,471 


32 


182 


82 


38 


264 


34 


20 




248 


._^ 


li. 


11 ] . 


] >| .41 


|>1 




28 


47 




70-79 years... 


659 






22 


10 








42 


72 






83 




a ^ 


17 


6 


10 






80 years and 














































130 


3 


6 


4 


2 


24 




3 


5 


17 


5 


6 


12 


4 


13 


18 


3 


1 


2 


2 




Unknown... 


83 


2 


10 


3 












8 






12 


7 


13 


12 




3 




2 


1 


Female: 












































Under 5 












































years 




4 


2,992 


157 


182 


692 






3 


1.057 




62 


2,434 


777 


2,482 


2,733 


688 


212 


2 


460 


113 


5-9 years 


13 


102 


34 


2,594 


219 




980 








961 


1 




2,056 






2.055 


656 


201 


2 


32S 




10-19 years... 


26 


015 


203 


4,237 


530 


1.352 


1.815 


"""59 


""""80 


560 


2.410 


191 


814 


2,844 


Mfw 


:' :fi:K 




I , :i7fi 


638 






233 


20-29 years... 


57 


294 


606 


9.236 


865 


1.'844 


1.934 


79 


126 


973 


6.643 


281 


1,051 


7.093 


6.7S4 .. .: -II 


; 1117 


1.200 


62 


1.70; 


608 


30-39 years... 


30 


246 


450 


4.147 


676 


686 


1.459 


123 


134 


1, 4.52 


2,630 


567 


959 


3.988 


2,r,l. -. . ■ 




636 


79 


920 


280 


40-49 years... 


15 


867 


193 


2.200 


364 


273 


1.221 


110 


107 


862 


1.324 


403 


837 


2.005 




SS-. 


361 


84 


414 


107 


50-.r9 years... 


8 


94.1 


1,52 


1.157 


225 


185 


741 


97 


63 


5.58 


958 


372 




1.145 






129 




204 


61. 


60-69 years... 




764 


59 


381 


99 


67 


421 


40 


30 


242 


445 


206 


182 


468 


17(. IW. ..^U 


137 


67 


35 


98 


36 


70-79 years... 


1 


165 


16 


96 


34 


24 


151 


17 


8 


65 


160 


87 


68 


1.50 


47 5a, 97 


36 


17 




18 


8 


80 years and 










































233 


6 


20 


5 


6 


37 


3 


5 


6 


27 


15 


4 


24 


10 33 14 


10 


- 


6 


2 




Unknown.'.;; 


86 




9 




6 


3 






2 


10 


2 


3 


5 


16 isl 9 


3 






' 























Table 10.— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY RACE, SEX, AND AGE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Sex and age 


All races 


White 


Chinese 


East. 
Indian 


Filipino 


Japa- 
nese 


Ko- 


Negro 


Pacific 
Islander 


Number admitted 


326, 867 


308, 016 


5. 123 


276 


1,805 


6, 122 


477 


4,872 


176 


Male 


155, 201 


148, 563 


2,487 


205 


509 


765 


146 


2,446 


80 








15, 766 

13, 452 

9,898 

1,764 

4,247 

5, 953 

20, 114 

23, 986 

19, 637 

12, 652 

9.745 

7, 166 

4,561 

2,917 

1, 579 

892 

445 

214 

130 

83 


15,268 
12, 849 
9,420 
1,680 

4, 034 

5, 744 
19. 401 
23. 054 
18. 762 
11. 940 

9. 262 
6,892 
4, 330 
2. 726 
1,506 
847 
430 

128 
79 


114 
217 

145 
27 
51 
49 
178 
236 
325 
375 
236 
154 
155 
133 
54 
27 

2" 


9 
8 
6 
2 
4 

15 
71 
43 
17 
10 
10 
1 
3 


27 
32 
103 
19 
66 
78 

31 
35 

8 
9 
6 

4 
4 


156 
175 
53 
10 

1 

54 
47 
42 
22 
16 
20 

5 


63 
14 
6 
3 
4 
6 
8 
12 
16 
6 
2 

1 

1 


119 

146 

161 

22 

73 

55 

361 

488 

395 

254 

182 

80 

54 

30 

12 

10 

1 

1 


10 




11 




4 


15 years 




16-17 years 

18-19 years 

20-24 years 


9 
19 




10 


30-34 years 


7 


35-39 years 


5 




2 






50—54 years 




55 59 years 










2 


1 


1 


70-74 years 






1 






80 years and oyer 

Unknown 








1 




2 














171, 666 


159, 453 


2,636 


71 


1,296 


5,357 


331 


2,426 


96 






Under 5 years 


14, 950 

13, 102 

9,326 

1,882 

5,421 

9, 386 

31. 244 

26. 050 

18. 827 

11.418 

8, 984 

6, 883 

5, 114 

3, 831 

2. 355 

1,409 

761 

404 

233 


14, 423 
12, 477 
8.863 
1.800 

5. 204 
8.998 

28, 309 
22. 794 
17,2.54 
10, 633 
8,490 

6. 533 
4.920 
3. 698 
2,265 
1, 368 

735 
393 
222 
74 


103 
228 
1.33 
22 
64 
120 
420 
438 
298 
262 
171 
146 
84 
58 
45 
23 
9 
6 
5 
1 


4 
7 
3 

3 
17 
17 

3 

1 
2 


34 
33 

17 

53 

51 

209 

272 

240 

116 

90 

55 

23 

11 

6 

3 


176 
178 
62 

11 

91 

1. 809 

2,053 

682 

143 

52 

21 

22 

20 

13 

3 

4 


65 
17 
2 

r 

120 

81 
18 
7 
2 
5 
3 
1 


133 
156 
178 
35 

106 

341 

383 

311 

251 

176 

117 

60 

40 

25 

14 

9 

5 

4 


12 




6 




4 


15 years 




16-17 years 


7 




10 


20-24 years 

25-29 "years 

30-34 years 

35-39 years 

40-44 years 


19 
12 
13 
3 

1 

1 
1 


45-49 years 

50-54 years 

55-59 years 


65-69 years 








80 years and over 

Unknown^ 








2 






1 


9 









28 



lOA.— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED, BY SEX, AGE, ILLITER- 
ACY, AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953 1957 



Sex, age, illiterates, and occupation 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Immigrant aliens admitted 


170, 434 


208, 177 


237, 790 


321, 625 


326, 867 


Sex: 

Male 

Female 


73, 073 

97, 361 

751 

26.7 
27.7 
26. 

995 
0. 6 

12, 783 

3, 393 
5,025 

15, 171 
12, 257 
14, 718 
6,852 

4, 390 
1, 538 

5, 369 
88, 938 


95, 591 

112, 583 

849 

26.7 
28. 1 
25. 7 

1,009 
0. 5 

13, 817 
3, 846 
5, 296 

16,018 

15, 396 

16, 755 
8,096 
5, 203 
1,622 

10, 061 
112,067 


112,0.32 

125, 758 

891 

26. 2 

27. 4 
2.5.2 

1,677 
0. 7 

14, 109 

4, 446 
5,114 

18, 060 
18, 867 

15, 351 
11,824 

6,512 

5, 486 
17.518 

120, 503 


156, 410 

165, 215 

947 

25. 9 

26. 9 
2,5.0 

1, 525 
0. 5 

18. 995 
5,727 
5, 814 

23, 413 
25, 914 

19, 036 
1.5, 347 

7,922 

9,050 

27, 807 

162, 600 


155, 201 
171, 666 


Males per 1 000 females 


904 


Median age (years) : 

Both sexes 

Males 


25. 7 

26. 3 


Females 


25. 1 


Illiterates: 


676 


Percent 

Major occupation group : 

Professional, technical, and kindred workers 

Farmers and farm managers 

Managers, officials, and proprietors, except farm . _ _ . 

Clerical, sales, and kindred workers 

Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers 

Operatives and kindred workers 

Private household workers 


0.2 

24, 489 
3, 506 
6, 127 

25, 897 

26, 976 
19, 362 
11, 457 

8,761 




4, 585 




21, 826 




173, 881 








24, 256 


30, 665 


31, 245 


22, 824 


23, 933 






Sex: 

Male 

Female 


12, 511 
11,745 

1, 065 

32.6 
31. 8 
33.5 

3, 053 
266 

1,798 

1, 339 
786 
988 
610 

1, 181 
114 
654 

13, 467 


16, 520 

14, 145 
1, 168 

31. 2 
30. 1 

32. 5 

3, 773 
240 

1, 919 

1,428 
738 
987 
714 

1, 333 

95 

679 

18, 759 


17, 169 
14, 076 

1,220 

31. 3 
30.6 

32. 3 

4,261 
187 

2, 169 

I, 539 
740 

1,060 
665 

1, 394 
229 
573 

18, 428 


12, 062 
10, 762 

1, 121 

31. 6 
31.0 
32.5 

3, 452 

104 

1,668 

1,216 

668 

753 

469 

866 

229 

601 

12, 798 


13, 126 
10, 807 


Males per 1 000 females 


1, 215 


Median age (vears) : 

Both sexes: 

Males 


30. 7 
30. 4 




31.2 


Major occupation group: 


3, 681 


Farmers and farm managers 

Mannirers. officials, and proprietors, except farm 

Cln-iral, ~:,|.-, and kin.lrrd workers 


151 
1, 763 
1,029 

534 


Op.Taliv.- and kiM.ln-.l w.ii-k.-rs 

Pri\at.' ll.H|.rl,nl,l uuikrrs _ 

SciMi'.' \\t. riser-, .xcpt private household 


453 
478 
060 
234 




789 


No occupation 


14, 161 



Immigrants over 16 years of age who are unable to read and understand some language or dialect. 



Table lOB. RECENT HUNGARIAN REFUGEES AND PAROLEES ADMITTED, BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS, 
AGE, AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Sex, marital status, age, and major occupation group 



Number adniittcd^ 



Marital status: 

Single 

Married 

Widowed — 

Divorced 

Unknown 



Age: 

Under 5 years, 

5-9 years 

10-14 years. __ 

15-19 years 

20-29 years . _ _ 
30-39 years, , . 
40-49 years — 

50-59 years 

60 years and o' 
Not reported- - 



Majii 



, and kindred workers 

jagers 

il proprietors, except farm. 



I'd workers- 



No occupation. 



Housewives 

Retired 

Students 

Children under 14 years of age_ 
Not reported 



14, 056 

677 

1,067 

37 



2,041 
2,252 
1,823 
4,742 
11,238 
6,382 
3,497 
1,226 
345 



3,866 
470 
632 

2,245 
371 

6,518 

5, 109 
216 
840 
277 

1, 637 

11,384 



2,837 

12 

2,637 

5,734 

164 



6, 130 



3,573 
2,218 



817 
79 
91 

361 

54 

1,242 

1,045 

38 

179 
64 

332 

1,828 



581 

845 

16 



701 



1,559 
3,817 
9,049 
5, 177 
2,956 
1,029 
294 
15 



3,049 
391 
541 



5,276 

4, 064 

178 



9,556 



2,415 

9 

2,241 

4, 764 
127 



, and parolees who entered under the parolee provisions of sectu 



Table 11.— ALIENS AND CITIZENS ADMITTED AND DEPARTED: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1908-1957 





Aliens admitted 


Emigrants 
departed 


U. S. c 


itizens 


Period 


Immigrant 


Nonimmi- 
grant 


Arrived 


Departed 




15, 718, 846 


11,776,901 


4, 812, 495 


20, 048, 406 


19, 767, 428 






1908-10 ' 


2, 576, 226 


490, 741 


823,311 


660,811 


342, 600 






1911-20 


5,735,811 


1, 376, 271 


2, 146, 994 


1, 938, 508 


2, 517, 889 






1911 


878, 587 
838, 172 
1, 197, 892 
1,218,480 
326, 700 
298, 826 
295, 403 
110,618 
141, 132 
430, 001 


151,713 
178, 983 
229, 335 
184, 601 
107, 544 
67, 922 
67, 474 
101,235 
95, 889 
191,575 


295, 666 
333, 262 
308, 190 
303, 338 
204, 074 
129, 765 
66, 277 
94, 585 
123, 522 
288, 315 


269, 128 
280, 801 
286, 604 
286, 586 
239, 579 
121,930 
127, 420 
72, 867 
96, 420 
157, 173 


349 472 


1912. . _ . . ... _ _ 


353, 890 


1913 


347, 702 


1914 


368, 797 


1915 


172, 371 


1916 


110, 733 


1917 


126, Oil 


1918 


275, 837 


1919 . 


218, 929 


1920 


194, 147 






1921-30 


4, 107, 209 


1, 774, 881 


1, 045, 076 


3, 522, 713 


3, 519, 519 






1921 


805, 226 
309, 556 
522, 919 
706, 896 
294, 314 
304, 488 
335, 175 
307, 255 
279, 678 
241, 700 


172, 935 
122, 949 
150, 487 
172, 406 
164, 121 
191,618 
202, 826 
193, 376 
199, 649 
204, 514 


247, 718 
198, 712 
81, 450 
76, 789 
92, 728 

76, 992 
73, 366 

77, 457 
69, 203 
50, 661 


222, 712 
243, 563 
308, 471 
301, 281 
339, 239 
370, 757 
378, 520 
430, 955 
449, 955 
477, 260 


271, 560 


1922 


309, 477 


1923 


270, 601 


1924 


277, 850 


1925 


324, 323 


1926 


372, 480 


1927 

1928 


369, 788 
429, 575 


1929 


431 842 


1930 


462, 023 


1931-40 


528, 431 


1, 574, 071 


459, 738 


3, 365, 432 


3, 357, 936 


1931 


97, 139 

35, 576 
23, 068 
29, 470 
34, 956 

36, 329 
50, 244 
67, 895 
82, 998 
70, 756 


183, 540 
139, 295 
127, 660 
134, 434 
144, 765 
154, 570 
181, 640 

184, 802 

185, 333 
138, 032 


61, 882 
103, 295 
80, 081 
39, 771 
38, 834 
35, 817 
26, 736 

25, 210 

26, 651 
21,461 


439, 897 
339, 262 
305, 001 
273, 257 
282, 515 
318, 273 
386, 872 
406, 999 
354, 438 
258, 918 


446, 386 


1932 


380, 837 


1933 . _ 


338, 545 


1934 


262, 091 


1935 


272, 400 


1936 


311,480 


1937.. 


390, 196 


1938 


397, 875 


1939 . . 


333, 399 


1940... 


224, 727 






1941-50 


1, 035, 039 


2, 461, 359 


156, 399 


3, 223, 233 


2, 880, 414 






1941 .. 


51, 776 
28, 781 
23, 725 
28, 551 
38, 119 
108, 721 
147, 292 
170, 570 
188,317 
249, 187 


100, 008 
82, 457 
81, 117 
113, 641 
164, 247 
203, 469 
366, 305 
476, 006 
447, 272 
426, 837 


17, 115 
7,363 
5, 107 
5,669 
7,442 

18, 143 
22, 501 
20, 875 
24, 586 
27, 598 


175, 935 
118, 454 
105, 729 
108, 444 
175, 568 
274, 543 
437, 690 
542, 932 
620, 371 
663, 567 


168, 961 


1942 


113, 216 


1943 


62, 403 


1944 


63, 525 


1945 


103, 019 


1946 


230, 578 


1947 


451, 845 


1948 


478, 988 


1949 


552, 361 


1950 


655, 518 






1951 


205, 717 
265, 520 
170, 434 
208, 177 
237, 790 
321, 625 
326, 867 


465, 106 
516, 082 
485, 714 
2 566, 613 
2 620, 946 
2 686, 259 
2 758, 858 


26, 174 
21,880 
24, 256 

30, 665 

31, 245 

22, 824 

23, 933 


760, 486 
807, 225 
930, 874 
1, 021, 327 
1, 171, 612 
1,281, 110 
1, 365, 075 


667, 126 


1952 


814, 289 


1953 


92.5, 861 


1954 


971, 025 


1955 


1, 096, 146 


1956 


1, 272, 516 


1957... 


1, 402, 107 







' Departure of aliens first recorded in 1908. Departure of U. S. citi: 
2 Excludes agricultural laborers except those admitted from Japan i 
table 18. 



; Indies and Canada after March 8, 1957. See 



IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED, BY STATE OF INTENDED 
FUTURE OR LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953-1957 



State of futuro or last 
permanent residence 



Emigrant 



All States 

Alal)ania 

Arizona 

Arl^ansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

F'lorida 

(ieorgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Io\va__ 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

Xew York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West \'irginia 

\\isc,,nsin 
Wvciriiint; 
Aii.ilhrr 



321, 625 



4,273 

268 

1,404 

5,326 

691 

348 

11,669 

2, 143 

938 

739 

624 

1, 198 

1,273 

1,875 

7, 901 

11,328 

1, 765 

322 

1,577 

582 

216 

666 

9. 523 

1, 324 

48, 757 

394 

6,266 

586 

1,281 

7, 829 

951 

342 

241 

661 

27, 700 

1,522 

558 

1,375 

3,308 

491 



604 
1,580 

339 
33, 704 

979 
5,222 

281 
1,322 
7, 079 

803 

348 

2^093 

998 

723 

695 

1, 131 

1,297 

1,844 

8,817 

10,448 

1, 707 

359 

1,609 

524 

594 

274 

626 

11, 919 

1,521 

55, 536 

886 

385 

7, 133 

647 

1, 129 

8,655 

1, 111 

451 

243 

664 

35, 338 

1, 147 
537 

1,343 
3,004 

603 
2,441 

220 

2, 091 



746 
2,428 

469 
50, 447 
1,594 
7, 183 

430 
1,846 

10, 508 
1,282 

455 

23, 832 

3,400 

1,384 

1,210 

852 

1,541 

1,726 

2,717 

11,742 

14, 209 

2,412 

446 

2,440 

586 

873 

274 

782 

16,017 

2, 174 

70, 700 

1, 167 

421 

11,267 

890 

1,627 

11, 618 
1,341 

626 

371 

977 

39, 078 

1,387 
693 

1,835 

3,643 
827 

3,916 
207 

3,029 



2, 940 
408 

58, 452 

1,826 

7,027 

512 

2,010 

11, 182 

1, 140 

486 

25, 238 

3, 626 
1,266 
1,086 

953 
1, 616 
1 , 794 
3, 635 



17,303 

1,586 

77, 356 

1, 118 

455 

12, 149 

995 



11, 148 

1. 158 

552 

292 

788 

22, 285 

1,372 

781 

1, 946 

'588 

4, 197 

261 

3,372 



179 

33 

3,084 



115 

24 

2,513 

116 

459 

28 

2,962 

810 

147 

40 
1,260 
276 
145 
179 

84 
274 

85 
436 
1,004 
943 
287 

83 
262 

43 

48 

25 

63 
1, 173 

53 

9,797 

166 

34 
688 
129 
142 
790 
110 

46 

26 

127 

1,258 

133 

68 
241 
387 

60 
275 

23 
2,726 



95 
23 

1,587 



12A.— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY SPECIFIED COUNTRIES OF BIRTH AND STATE OF IN. 
TENDED FUTURE PERMANENT RESIDENCE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



SiMte of intended 


All 


Ger- 








United 










Mex- 


All 


lilt lire permanent 




many 


Greece 


Italy 


Poland 


King- 


USSR 


China ' 


Japan 


Canada 


ico 


other 


residence 


tries 










dom 














All States 


326, 867 


45, 230 


4, 952 


19, 061 


11,225 


27, 570 


4,528 


5,425 


6, 354 


33, 203 


49, 154 


120, 165 


Uabama 


740 

2.940 

408 


256 
121 
153 


21 
16 
2 


7 
21 

1 


11 
12 
5 


98 
120 
50 


2 
8 
13 


8 
32 
10 


63 
47 
50 


46 
418 
24 


1,896 
14 


221 




249 


Arkansas 




'alifiiniia 


58, 452 


3,856 


302 


934 


550 


5, 433 


581 


1,591 


1, 535 


8,947 


20, 110 


14, 613 


•ol.ira.ln 


i;826 


512 


18 


65 


48 


157 


26 


28 


66 


187 


150 


569 


'oiin.'Cliciil 


7,027 


911 


106 


1, 119 


421 


804 


117 


45 


56 


1,036 


17 


2, 395 


),hi\varp 


512 


82 


16 


27 


23 


97 


6 


18 


3 


46 


14 


180 


)i-lrictof Columbia_- 


2,010 


286 


48 


104 


36 


206 


25 


114 


45 


92 


34 


1, 020 




11, 182 


644 


50 


82 


76 


731 


26 


31 


112 


2, 232 


82 


7, 113 


li'iiryiia 


1, 140 

486 

25, 238 


315 

100 

4,551 


18 

3 

648 


20 

5 

1, 203 


28 

14 

1, 464 


213 
1, 508 


6 
286 


12 
306 


62 
33 
307 


84 
89 
947 


15 

30 

4,344 


362 




158 


\\uoisi[iy."yv.y.i 


9, 674 


iiliuna 


3,626 


790 


104 


72 


136 


284 


33 


35 


129 


222 


598 


1, 223 




1,266 


412 


33 


28 


35 


116 


31 


18 


65 


89 


34 


405 


vaiisas 


1,086 


315 


4 


17 


26 


156 


19 


12 


94 


48 


96 


299 


V. iitucky 


953 


298 


14 


10 


20 


126 


3 


16 


113 


73 


6 


274 




1, 616 


222 


9 


48 


12 


134 


2 


16 


41 


58 


69 


1,005 


lain.'' "V"'"'-I"] 


1,794 
3, 635 


119 
845 


7 
102 


17 
194 


9 
176 


117 
367 


12 
63 


7 
76 


31 
92 


1, 341 
146 


3 
16 


131 


larvlaii.l 


1,558 


la-arllll-rtlS 


11,260 


1, 126 


313 


1, 329 


351 


1, 162 


107 


207 


139 


2,614 


37 


3, 875 


llrhmali 


15, 287 


2, 121 


289 


733 


754 


1,912 


134 


93 


198 


2, 937 


433 


5, 683 




2,718 
367 


720 
127 


40 

5 


39 
12 


124 
4 


212 
38 


62 


29 

21 


35 


510 
13 


35 
6 


861 


Iississippi.. ].'""" 


106 




2,424 


569 


89 


104 


45 


231 


18 


33 


112 


164 


119 


940 


loiilana" 


645 

777 


130 
261 




7 


20 
55 


52 

82 


4 


7 


24 
32 


196 
39 


17 
45 


177 


■rlua^ka 


215 


■,.\;|,|,l 


384 


41 


6 


17 


1 


24 


2 


2 




65 


120 


95 


^■u 1 la iiii)-.liire 


890 


118 


33 


20 


14 


63 


8 




21 


463 


1 


138 


'ru ,Jrl>r\ 


17, 303 


3,270 


248 


1, 968 


1, 266 


1,709 


552 


123 


139 


514 


47 


7,467 


CU Mr\l.-,, 


1,586 


137 


9 


18 


5 


64 


2 


8 


36 


54 


1, 135 


118 


r\V ^'..rk 


77, 356 


10, 988 


1,361 


7,880 


3, 757 


5,496 


1, 514 


1, 664 


364 


3,084 


329 


40, 919 






353 


65 


17 


9 


188 


11 


11 


92 


86 


8 


278 


..nil Dakota, ^".W" 


'455 


116 


4 


2 


29 


30 


15 


1 


16 


117 


8 


117 




12, 149 
995 


2,432 
317 


343 
16 


699 
3 


546 
26 


1,371 
119 


200 

27 


108 
13 


206 

82 


1,024 
65 


124 
61 


5,096 


klahoma 


266 


n'Kon 


1,798 


345 


18 


30 


34 


172 


21 


27 


72 


479 


68 


532 


eiiiisvlvania 


11, 148 


2,432 


251 


1,468 


641 


1,295 


362 


166 


291 


470 


54 


3.718 


hode Island 


1, 158 


157 


25 


195 


41 


148 


13 


23 


28 


101 


1 


426 


outh Caruliua 


552 


126 


25 


53 


2 


95 




5 


51 


57 


2 


135 


outh Dakota 


292 


105 


4 


2 


10 


31 


6 


1 


18 


25 


5 


85 


I'liiiessee 


788 


233 




23 


13 


127 


6 


7 


69 


57 


8 


234 




22, 285 


956 


55 


40 


33 


526 


29 


86 


219 


345 


18, 549 


1,447 


'tah 


1,372 

781 

1, 946 


342 
62 
500 


45 
2 
54 


24 
12 
60 


10 
5 
39 


147 
59 
285 


2 

28 


10 

8 
54 


42 
13 
89 


232 
513 
107 


62 

24 


457 


iiniont" 


104 


ir"iiiia 


706 


\:i~lini-l(>ii "-!]]!;^^ 


4,678 


638 


26 


54 


53 


586 


60 


105 


218 


1, 603 


78 


1,257 


\V-i \iiuii,ia 


588 


178 


25 


49 


7 


94 




2 


54 


21 


8 


150 


\iM-,,iisin 


4, 197 


1,347 


29 


195 


220 


286 


61 


68 


99 


196 


166 


1, 530 


\v.iming 


261 


46 


12 


8 


1 


37 




2 


9 


20 


42 


84 


II "thcr 


3, 372 


149 


9 


15 


8 


176 


3 


120 


545 


907 


26 


1, 414 



ncludes Formosa. 



I2B.— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY SPECIFIED COUNTRIES OF BIRTH AND RURAL AND 
URBAN AREA AND CITY: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 

[Eural— Population of less than 2,600. Urban— Population of 2,500 to 99,999. Cities— Population of 100,000 or over) 



Class of place and c-ity 



All 
coun- 
tries 



Ger- 
many 



United 
King- 
dom 



Japa 



Total 

Rural 

Urban 

City total 

Lo.s Angeles, Califs 

Oakland, Calif 

San Diego, Calif.- 
San Francisco, Calif 
Bridgeport, Conn_ 

Hartford, Conn 

Washington, D. C. 

Miami, Fla 

Tampa, Fla 

Chicago, 111 

New Orleans, La.. 

Baltimore, Md 

Boston, Mass 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Detroit, Mic-h _ .. 
Miii.irapoli-, Minn 
Si. l.nui-. \\n _. 
.),■.-. ■^ (Mv. .\, .J- 



Plll.Tsnn 
1{,.,'Ih..i, 



.!. Olii 



PoillaiKl, Oivg... 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburgh, Pa... 
Providence, R.I. 
El Pas.i, Tex _ _ 



Utali 

Seattle, Wash... 
Milwaukee, Wis. 
Other cities 



3,437 



U. S. territories and 

possessions 

All other 



,087 



2, 250 



7,226 



2,272 



14, 230 



23, 324 



17,651 
1,324 
4,967 
6,714 

773 
1,009 
2,010 
5,263 

78' 
19, 09! 

945 
1,688 
2,421 

514 
6,587 

928 
1,072 

677 
1,584 
1,045 
1,201 
60, 333 

936 

792 
4,710 

782 
3,928 
1, 140 

520 
3,84 
1,422 



866 
2,091 
2,033 
21, 730 



2, 49' 
2,674 



104 
51 
3,083 
58 
37 
210 

5 

792 

235 

20 

113 

165 

204 

210 

7,659 

208 

246 

774 

128 

835 

186 

72 

33 

137 

90 

261 

156 

629 

3,42' 



74 
150 
22 
222 
110 
5, 79 
203 

38 
259 

23 
488 
228 



108 

76 

109 

2,858 



131 

3,501 

97 



334 

105 

2, 181 



434 
42 



12 

216 
10 



25 
75 
23 
536 



230 
92 
555 
118 
57 
2 

95 
348 
100 
,510 
173 
38 
22 
34 
20 
216 
, 182 
68 
31 
336 
279 
135 



1 Includes Formosa. 



34 



UK 12(;. IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED TO THE LMTED STATES UNDER THE REFUGEE RELIEF 
\(;T of 1953, BY STATE OF FLfTURE PERMANENT RESIDENCE: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1954 1957 



State of future permanent residence 


Total 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1 Total __. -- 


187, 740 


821 


29, 002 


' 75, 473 


■ 82, 444 


Mahama 




219 

247 

114 

13, 428 

1,084 

6,584 

333 

924 

774 

288 

250 

21,071 

2,455 

964 

331 

304 

369 

224 

2,437 

8,579 

9,922 

1,503 

151 

1,758 

276 

556 

100 

316 

15, 534 

167 

62, 789 

434 

294 

10, 986 

315 

831 

10, 864 

914 

268 

253 

271 

1, 170 

402 

114 

883 

1,280 

412 

3,599 

97 

302 


2 

80 
2 
35 

1 

3 

65" 

5 

2 

7 

3 

4 

2 

6 
60 
22 

3 

3 

4 

2 
3 

2 
80 


54 

32 

20 

1,516 

147 

1,576 

61 

134 

114 

68 

36 

3, 093 

254 

76 

30 

31 

36 

47 

209 

1,801 

1,271 

105 

29 

210 

32 

47 

26 

36 

2, 657 

29 

10, 469 

40 
1, 330 
36 
52 
1,877 
192 
37 
25 
41 
147 
61 
15 
120 
110 
100 
395 
22 
43 


87 
107 
52 
6,031 
458 

2, 836 
130 
414 
285 
123 

95 
8,622 
984 
425 
143 
136 
174 
111 
725 
4,087 

3, 659 
604 

71 
823 
101 
253 

46 

152 

6,389 

77 

22, 886 

182 

120 

4,560 

89 
315 
4,903 
463 
126 
132 
140 
418 
172 

44 
365 
509 
221 
1,467 

44 
117 


76 


\iizona 


108 


Arkansas 

California 


41 
5,801 


Coldl-ldn 


477 




2, 137 
141 


DiMrict. of Columbia 


374 


I'liirida 


372 




95 


Iiliho 


119 


Illinois 


9, 291 




1,212 




461 


Kansas 


151 


KrnUicky 


134 
155 


Maine 


64 


Miivland 


1,497 


Ma-achiHrffs .. _ . _ .. 


2, 631 


MM-hi'MII 


4,970 


Mn,i..'-.,ia 

M.-i"i|,,„ 


791 
48 
721 


M..niana 


142 


^■<■l.l■a>l^a 


254 




25 


\c« Hampshire 


126 


New .1. r,-.v 


6,408 
61 


\r\v Yorl< 


281 


29, 153 




138 




134 




23 
2 
8 

52 


5, 073 


Oklala.nia 


188 




456 


Hhcidi' Isi;ind 


4, 032 
258" 




105 


Sciiith Daliota 




96 
90 


Trxas 

Utah 


24 

8 


581 
161 




55 


Virginia. ._ 


4 
3 
4 

8 


394 




658 


U rst Virginia 


87 




1,729 




31 


All other 




142 









5 include persons who adjusted status under section 6. of whom there were 4 



Takle 13.— immigrant aliens ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION 
OF LAST OR INTENDED FUTURE PERMANENT RESIDENCE: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953-1957 



Countrv or region of 


Immigrant 


Emigrant 


last or future residence 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


All countries _ _ 


170, 434 


208, 177 


237, 790 


321, 625 


326, 867 


24, 256 


30, 665 


31, 245 


22, 824 


23, 933 


l.;urop.. 


82, 352 


92, 121 


110, 591 


156, 866 


169, 625 


12, 557 


14, 192 


15, 617 


12, 545 


10, 363 


Austria 

Belgium 


2, 132 
2, 162 

1 
77 
993 

473 

4,137 

27, 329 

1,296 

96 

3,393 

8,432 

59 

14 

2,973 

2,234 

136 

1,077 

23 

814 

2,171 

1,796 

12, 921 

911 

3,416 

302 

25 

580 

2,341 


2, 136 
2,263 

27^ 

1,010 

5 

448 

4,263 

33, 098 

1,154 

30 

3, 685 
13, 145 

6 

5 

3, 595 

2,142 

67 

1,455 

542 
2, 172 
1, 673 

12, 977 
970 
3,442 
253 
11 
680 
860 


IfA 

1 

35 

1,020 

10 

450 

4, 127 

29, 596 
6, 182 

83 
4,424 

30, 272 

23 

12 

3, 555 

2,296 

129 

1, 293 

25 

802 

1,702 

1,693 

12,871 

2,642 
248 
28 
611 
988 


9, 340 

2,098 

40 

68 

1,069 

39 

468 

6,185 

44, 409 

11,216 

109 

4, 744 

40, 430 

58 

26 

5,040 

2,292 

263 

1,322 

83 

576 

2, 151 

1,874 

15,890 

863 

2,847 

271 

52 

767 

2,276 


16 
86 

1, 109 

27 

498 

6,017 

60, 353 

5,326 

6, 383 

7,084 

19, 624 

51 

22 

14, 958 

2, 337 
571 

1,457 

152 

748 

2, 563 

1,847 

19, 279 

1, 143 

4, 425 

316 

65 

858 

1,928 


135 

310 

6 

25 

427 

3 

130 

1,484 

1,491 

621 

23 

367 

1,358 

439^ 
571 
71 
199 
8 
291 
376 
380 

2, 736 
56 
345 
48 
213 
158 
284 


214 
311 

108 
470 
44 
158 
1,937 
1 , 403 
709 
158 
344 

1, 180 

23 
6 
563 
607 
219 
183 

68 
291 
542 
490 

2, 824 

92 
420 

42 
193 
168 
418 


278 
407 
8 
131 
478 
53 
156 
2,040 

'720 
120 
403 
1, 179 
92 
10 
631 
654 
182 
205 
83 
394 
579 
509 

3, 180 
93 
429 
67 
177 
240 
311 


216 
251 

34' 

418 


201 
203 


Hulsiiria 


1 


Czechoslovakia 


27 
385 






Finlan,! 

iM-aii.-r 

IivI.-iTmI 
Ilal^ 


119 
1, 091 
1,639 

618 
19 

479 
1, 115 


104 
783 
1,684 
503 
18 
259 

3 


Xcii-wny 


499 
600 

67 
225 

30 
316 
437 
447 

2, 784 
31 
364 
57 
163 
147 
379 


572 
523 
91 


I'orlusal 

Runuinia_.. 


141 
12 
250 


Sweden 

Switzerland 

United Kingdom: 

England.. 

Northern Ireland.. 


371 
356 

1, 999 
69 


Wales 


51 


U. S. S. R 


260 
135 


Other Europe 


363 


Asia 


8,231 


9,970 


10, 935 


17, 327 


20, 008 


2,757 


4,972 


4, 924 


2,995 


3, 628 






China ' 


528 
104 
1, 344 
2,579 
32 
1,074 
2,570 


254 
144 
1,778 
3, 846 
39 
1,234 
2,675 


568 
194 
1, 525 
4, 150 
34 
1,598 
2,866 


1, 386 
185 
2,175 
5,967 
40 
1,792 
5,782 


2,098 

196 

2, 600 

6, 829 

28 

6^ 383 


155 


459 
391 
4Sfi 


694 
520 
507 
837 
44 
763 
1,559 


70 
510 
366 
461 
3 
406 
1, 179 


78 


India 


518 


Israel 


412 


te™;:;:;:::::: 


701 I, 165 
43 67 
598 1 1 002 


588 

15 

622 


Other Asia... ... . 


756 


1,402 


1,395 






North America 


72, 139 


89,012 


102, 782 


135, 526 


123, 309 


5,957 


7, 144 


6,467 


4, 199 


6,025 


Canada .,. 

Mexico 


36, 283 

17, 183 
8, 628 
3,016 
7,029 


34, 873 
30, 645 
8,411 
3,300 
11,783 


32, 435 
43, 702 
12, 876 
3,667 
10, 102 


42, 363 
61, 320 
19, 512 
4,916 
7,415 


46, 354 
49, 321 
18, 362 

5,731 
3. ;■) 1 1 


1,925 
988 

2, 383 
033 

■-•8 


2,463 

1,208 

2, 547 

921 

5 


2,918 
866 

2, 062 

613 

8 


2,599 
232 

1,231 

129 

8 


3, 618 
770 


West Indies 

Central America 

Other North America. 


1, 273 
364 


South America 

Africa 

Australia and New 
Zealand... 


5,511 

989 

742 
470 


6, 575 
1,248 

845 
8,406 


7,654 
1, 203 

932 
3,693 


9,187 
1, 351 

1, 171 
197 


10, s.-.l 
1, GOU 

1,228 
246 


_'. ISO 

:!G3 

352 
90 


3,248 
485 

451 
173 


2,922 
626 

401 

288 


1,930 
432 

223 
500 


2,662 
496 

253 
506 



-IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, UY COUNTRY OR REGION Ol' ItlRTI 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 





Total 


1948 


1949 


19,50 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 1955 


19.56 


1957 


birth 


1948-57 














I 






All countries. __ 


2, 344, 204 


170, 570 


188,317 249, 187 


205, 717 


265, 520 


170,434 


208. 177 


237, 790 


321, 625 


326, 867 


Europe 


1, 520, 225 


115,750 


138,301206,547 


161, 177 


202, 884 


96, 177 


111,227 


127, 492 


175,555 


185, 115 




31, 677 


2,782 


2,363 


3, 182 


2,777 


5,976 


1,862 


2, 072 


2,228 


4,326 


4,109 


Belgium. 


14, OOC 


1,757 


1,592 




1,238 


1,539 


1,335 


1,424 


1, 117 


1,370 


1,520 


Bulgaria 


1, 805 


132 


84 


190 


231 


279 


67 


78 


117 


282 


345 




35, 234 


3,865 


4,393 


5,528 


3,863 


5,041 


2,173 


2, 235 


1,983 


2, 612 


3,541 


Deiinuuk 


13, 136 


1,328 


1,305 


1,234 


1,217 


1,345 


1,278 


1, 322 


1, 321 


1,413 


1,373 




12, 332 


225 


l,84C 


5,422 


2,073 


1,248 


158 


22J 


229 


46(1 


440 


FiiilaiHl 


6,539 


693 


704 


645 


646 


585 


614 


681 


619 


677 


675 


Franc.. 


37, 371 


4, 697 


3, 972 


.3. 51fl 


3.337 


3, 4.54 


3,216 


3, 277 


3,411 


4,308 


4,180 


Geriuain 


328, 549 


21,365 


23, 844 


:ll 22.-, 2f., 369 


.■id. 2.S3 


27. 305 


32, 935 


29, 603 


38, 390 


45, 230 


Grrc,-.. 


42, 02C 


1,964 


1,7.V, 


1, J 1' 1, 1 17 


7 ilM 


1 , 603 


2, 127 


6,311 


10.531 


4,952 


Huimaiv 


34, 175 


1,471 


1, 9'.is 


,",. (I'lS l.'.r.'L' 


H S,",ll 


803 


1,163 


904 


2, 261 


S, 705 


Irelaii.i 


61,741 


7.651 


8, 5S.-I 


r, ,',(ii :>, 7:\\\ 


:-> 7;Hi 


\. 6.55 


5, 232 


5, 975 


6, 483 


9, 124 


Italv . 


169, 1281 15, 801 


11. 1.57 


9, .S39: 7, 348 


9, 306 


9, 701 


15,201 


31,925 


39, 78a 


19,061 


Latvia 


39, 769' 4271 3, 853 


17,494 


10, 588 


4,459 


294 


296 


425 


856 


1,077 




29,537 631 6,691 


11,870 


4,028 


3,044 


314 


401 


384 


908 


1,266 


Netherlands... 


44, 493i 3, 739; 3. 2(K: 


3, 148 


3, 17C 


3,143 


3, 042 


3,76!; 


3,732 


5, 134 


12,416 


Norway. 


24, S9J 


2, 687 


2, 563 


2, 379 


2, 378 


2,481 


2, 427 


2, 42C 


2,478 


2, 548 


2,533 


Poland.. 


1S9, 743 


8,020 


23, 744 


52, 851 


37, 484 


33,211 


4,395 


5,66S 




8,453 


11,225 


Portugal 


1 2, 337 


890 


1,235 


1,075 


1,048 


1,013 


1, 141 


1,636 


1,366 


1,396 


1,537 


Rumania.. 


19,701 


770 


1,043 


3,599 


2,351 


4,915 


468 


666 


988 


2,328 


2,573 


Spain 


7,585 


509 


503 


463 


51C 


536 


991 


964 


1,134 


964 


1,009 




18,559 


2,022 


2,433 


1,892 


1,427 


1,478 


1,75C 


1,811 


1,546 


1, 906 


2, 294 


Switzerland 


16, 5H 


1,426 


1, 585 


1,728 


1,408 


1, 569 


1,794 


1,686 


1,670 


1, 848 


1,800 


United Kingdom: 
























England 


133, 68C 


17, 484 


13, 58S 


8,812 


8,333 


12, 054 


12, 872 


12,923 


12, 475 


15, 605 


19,533 




13, 787 


1,940 


2,425 


1,249 


84C 


1,031 


1,24C 


1, 306 


1,074 


1,190 


1,492 


Scotland 


43, 322 


5,436 


4,805 


2,983 


2, 95C 


4,052 


4,540 


4, ,541 


3,824 


4,245 


5, 946 


Wales 


5,599 
55, 696 


954 
2,317 


656 
3, 907 


393 

10, 971 


368 
11,953 


494 
12, 697 


578 
1,780 


539 

1,985 


476 
1,694 


542 
3,864 


599 


U. S. S. R 


4,528 


Y^igoslavia 


61,041 


1,190 


1,384 


9, 154 


8,254 


17, 223 


1,272 


1,432 


2,567 


8,723 


9,842 


Other Europe 


18,263 


1,577 


1,089 


1,753 


1,880 


2, 698 


2, 509 


1,214 


1,219 


2,134 


2, 190 


Asia.. . 


105, 741 


7,626 


6,355 


4,615 


5, 166 


9,428 


8,029 


11,751 


12,131 


17, 538 


23, 102 


China.. _ 


28, 432 


3,987 


2,823 


1.494 


1,821 


1,421 


1,536 


2,770 


2,705 


4,450 


5,425 


India... 


2, 291 


239 


166 


153 


134 


153 


155 


308 


332 


314 


337 




4,116 
27, 764 






110 
76 


261 
198 


206 
4,517 


421 
2,393 


515 
3,777 


471 
3,984 


857 
5,586 


1,275 


Japan. 


371 


508 


6,354 


Palestine' 


2, 47C 


376 


234 


212 


21C 


156 


118 


165 


140 


384 


475 




13, 057 
27, 61 1 


1,122 
1,531 


1,068 
1,556 


595 
1,975 


760 
1,782 


1,066 
1,909 


1, 160 
2,246 


1,633 
2, 583 


1, 784 

2, 715 


1,873 
4, 074 


1,996 


Other Asia 


7,240 


North America 


654, 287 


42, 270 


39, 469 


34, 004 


35, 4.S2 


l.S. (192 


60, 107 


77, 772 


90, 732 


119,417 


106. 942 


Canada 


252, 969 


22,612 


21,515 


18,043 


20, ,S(I', 


2,s. 1 4 1 


2,S, 967 


27, 055 


23, 091 


29, 533 


33. 203 




260, 4oa 


8, 73C 


7, 977 


6,841 


6, 372 


9 (iOII 


1 ,S. 454 


37, 456 


.50. 772 


65. 047 


49, 154 


West Indies 


99, 332 


6,994 


6,518 


6, 093 


5,553 


6,723 


8,875 


8, 999 




19. (122. 18.056 


Central America... _ 


33, 128 


2,884 


2,493 


2,151 


1,97C 


2,642 


3, 0.56 


3,488 


3. li.s:-! 


1. 9.S1 5,780 


Other North America. 


8,455 


1, 050 


966 


876 


778 


986 


755 


774 


(i,s7 


s:ii 749 


South America 


46, 471 
10, 115 


2,768 
840 


2.639 
737 


2, 777 
689 


2,724 
700 


3,902 
740 


4.691 
922 


5,523 
1,187 


5, 599 
1,186 


6,846 
1,441 


9,002 


Africa 


1, 673 


Australia and New Zea- 
























land 


5, 848 


1,110 


602 


445 


390 


416 


450 


605 


474 


602 


756 


Other countries 


1,517 


206 


214 


112 


78 


58 


58 


1 12 


176 


226 


277 



Israi.'! is inclutlcd in Pak'stino pri 



Table 14.— EMIGKANT ALIENS DEPARTED, BY RACE, SEX, AND AGE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Number dei)arted_ 



Male 

Under 5 years 

5-9 years 

10-14 years 

15 years 

16-17 years 

18-19 vears 

20-24 vears 

25-29 vears 

30-34 vears 

35-39 Vears _._ 

40-44 years 

45-49 years 

50-54 vears 

55-59 vears 

60-64 vears _._ 

65-39 vears 

70-74 years.. __ 

75-79 years 

80 years and o\( 
Unknown 



Fe 



I'lider 5 vcar- 

5-9 years 

10-14 years... 

15 vears 

16-17 vears... 
18-19 years... 
20-24 years. __ 
25-29 years... 
30-34 vears... 
35-39 years... 
40-44 years... 
45-49 years... 
50-54 "years.— 
55-59 years... 
60-64 years... 
65-69 vears... 
70-74 Vears... 
75-79 years... 
80 years and o 
Unknown 



All 
races 



Chi- 
Wliite nese 



371 

513 

379 

64 

249 

260 

1,520 

2, 172 

1,791 

999 

690 

468 

355 

281 

235 

245 

155 

82 

63 



Jap- 
anese 



Pacific 

Is- 
lander 



I tA.— EMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIRTH AND MAJOR OCCUPATION 
GROUP: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 







.11 


g 


1. 


1 

"3 






r 

o 


2 


h 


s 






Ccmntry or region 
of l)irth 


1 

25 


n 

si 

II 


1| 


ft 

ft 


i 


1 
■^ 

A 

^ 


s.s 


II 

> 


is 

11 


[2 


x'g 


f 


All countries. 


23, 933 


3, 681 


151 


1, 763 


860 


169 


534 


453 


478 


660 


234 


789 


14, 161 


i:uroi)e 


10,414 


1,692 


101 


763 


409 


68 


274 


275 


264 


304 


73 


276 


5 915 






Austria 


206 


42 


2 


13 


9 


J 


6 


3 


9 


2 


2 


9 


115 


Czicluislovakia 


95 
673 


17 

86 


1 


9 
79 


3 

38 


\ 


4 
4 


7 


3 

20 






3 

6 


52 




35 




394 


(irrilKUlV .._ - 


1,614 


284 


3 


86 


65 


8 


38 


20 


26 


18 


7 


6 


1,053 


llun"'irv 


60 


9 




7 
















5 


34 


llvlMlld 


286 


51 


3 




16 


I 


16 


11 


14 


9 


3 


12 


139 


llalv 


765 


144 


6 


42 


9 


2 


24 


41 


35 


23 


7 


44 


388 


LaUi.-i 


14 
29 






3 




















l.illiuaiiia 


3 





•) 




2 


1 




2 


18 


Xrlli.Tlauds.._ 


521 


80 


9 


23 


23 


3 


5 


3 


12 


10 


3 


6 


344 


I'olan.l 


276 


48 


3 


41 


9 




9 


8 


4 


6 


2 


18 


127 


liuiniuiia 


54 


10 




5 






3 


3 








1 


30 


(n.ted Kingdom. 


2.186 


297 


1 


155 


97 


30 


79 


44 


41 


87 


4 


31 


1, 320 


r. S. S. R 


315 


18 


4 


87 


6 




3 


3 


4 


1 




9 


179 


Yugoslavia 


174 


21 


2 


15 


2 






12 


6 


4 




11 


99 


other Europe.. 


3,146 


582 


66 


187 


129 


18 


77 


116 


86 


106 


44 


120 


1, 615 


Asia 


3,676 


777 


11 


440 


59 


12 


17 


■5 


35 


63 


72 


253 


1,922 


China 


213 


44 




43 


4 


1 




2 


1 


5 




2 


111 


India... 


575 


202 


3 


57 


8 




3 


1 


4 




3 


4 


285 


Israel 


243 


49 




9 


7 


1 








1 




2 


172 




549 


100 


2 


118 




4 


1 


1 


9 


7 


2 


13 


271 


Piiilippines 


637 


103 




11 


7 




8 


9 


4 


3 


62 


220 


208 


Other Asia 


1.459 


279 


5 


202 


12 


4 


5 


2 


17 


42 


4 




875 


North America. __ 


5, 196 


703 


34 


255 


321 


74 


215 


131 


106 


101 


83 


194 


2,979 


Canada 


2,750 


369 


20 


88 


193 


59 


1.56 


46 


26 


54 


14 


120 


1,605 


Mexico 


698 


140 


3 


66 


38 


5 


11 


10 


24 


13 


2 


17 


369 


West Indies 


719 


88 




37 


47 


2 


16 


23 


23 


11 


4 


13 


454 


( entral America- 


877 


90 


4 


53 


41 


5 


29 


49 


32 


20 


60 


38 


456 


Other North 




























America 


152 


16 


6 


11 


2 


3 


3 


3 


1 


'' 


3 


6 


95 


Simth America . 


2,349 


307 


1 


150 


32 


3 


8 


18 


60 


170 


1 


25 


1, 574 


Africa 


527 


95 


2 


47 


16 


7 


7 


4 


5 


7 


2 


3 


332 


Australia and New 




























Zealand ... _ 


291 


81 




26 


18 


1 


3 


3 


1 


6 




3 


149 


1 >ther countries— . 


1,480 


26 


2 


82 


5 


4 


10 


7 


7 


9 


3 


35 


1.290 



39 



CMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIRTH, SEX, AND AGE: 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Sox and age 


1 


1 
1 


i 

a! 
O 


E 


. 


1 


.2 

1 


1 

1 


1 


M 




5 


i 

1 

o 


1 


1 


1 


a 
1 


1 


Is 

P 


a 
. i 

i 
< 

1 


1 

1 

i 


Number 












































departed- 


23, 933 


95 










14 








315 


174 


4,600 


3,676 


2,750 




719 


877 


152 


2,349 


2,298 




13, 126 


46 


778 


36 


128 


485 


6 


12 


157 


941 


149 


91 


2,568 


2,680 


1,258 


392 


352 


463 


82 


1,368 








Under 5 years.. 

5-9 years 

10-19 years 










J 


































































































3 




















4,:«o 


10 




13 


36 


132 




2 


34 


202 


9 


11 


906 


953 


338 


121 


128 


215 




584 


326 






14 


















.55 


27 


642 




.130 


93 


99 










40^9 years 


1,427 




56 


3 


19 




2 


3 


31 


144 


32 


16 


270 


286 


163 


38 


37 


41 


13 


95 


113 


50-69 vears 




6 


43 


6 


8 


33 






14 


75 


20 


10 


180 


198 


58 


35 


14 


10 




39 


75 


60-69 years 


618 




36 


1 


15 


38 




2 


16 


47 


8 


11 


150 


142 


62 


16 


6 








46 




2.55 


2 




2 


5 


32 


1 






30 


2 


10 


76 


25 


13 


3 




1 






22 


80 years and 


67 




10 
6 




1 


9 
2 


1 




1 






2 


19 
38 


31 


7 
12 














Unknown 


4 


2 


10 


6 


4 




28 


















10,807 


49 


836 


24 


158 


280 


8 


17 


119 


1,245 


166 


83 


2,032 


1,096 


1,492 


306 


367 


414 


70 


981 


1,064 












J 
















J 
































































10-19 vears 


1,043 


6 


117 




9 


18 






3 




9 


7 


128 




129 


54 


42 


64 




163 


100 




3 066 




166 


7 


39 


51 




] 


35 


298 


20 




637 






















12 


128 






































40-49 vears 


1,142 


3 


75 


2 


20 


40 


1 


2 


17 


150 




15 


218 


92 


169 


30 


45 


49 




81 


94 


50-59 vears 




3 


125 


2 


20 


34 


3 




22 


130 


17 




198 


51 


79 


36 


36 






39 


90 




740 


8 


117 


3 


14 




2 




11 


99 


10 


9 


177 


29 


.56 






21 














,57 
















8 






















80 years and 
























































































Unknown 


200 




3 






1 






1 


5 


2 




19 


23 




12 


8 


3 


2 


24 


89 











16.— NONIMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY CLASSES UNDER THE IMMIGRATION LAWS AND 
COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIRTH: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 









Tempo- 


Tempo- 










Tempo- 


Repre- 
























Interna- 




sentatives 














visitors 


visitors 


Transit 




Students 


tional 


workers 




Exchange 






of birth 


















and 














officials 


business 


pleasure 




vestors 




sentatlves 


trainees ' 


tion 
media 








All countries.-. 


768. 8.58 


28, 498 


84,246 


453, 514 


107, 399 


1,740 


30,760 


6.406 


16, 856 


960 


17, 849 


10, 617 


13 


_, 


360, 619 


9,439 


50,134 


195. 562 


79,491 


868 


3,349 


3,323 


3,614 


555 


6,993 


7,381 


10 






Austria 


8,562 


112 


916 


5,786 


999 


5 


90 


47 


279 


2 


212 


114 




lii'lBiuni 


5,838 




1,069 


3,297 


720 


5 


50 


98 


38 


14 










346 




55 






















('/.■rlln-|i,\iki'l 


159 


212 


1 




73 


34 


4 


32 


71 






10, 669 


191 


1,008 


5. 254 


3,349 


33 


43 


102 












illllunl 


3.862 


65 




1,877 


1.339 


3 


38 


,55 


18 


2 


182 


45 








882 


5,390 


11039 


2,652 




226 


668 


271 


88 


821 


















213 


















6,967 


180 


520 


3,230 


2.143 


17 


376 


63 


30 












4.320 
9, 385 


89 


476 
692 


2,678 
4.147 




















llrlin.l' 


3, 958 


g 


42 


60 


69 


4 


69 


376 


1 


lllh 










8,766 


106 


223 


155 


306 


10 


432 


783 






1, 197 
1.316 
22, 513 




71 

144 

2,901 


989 
1,045 
13. 807 
























68 
4,567 












9 


11 




Xrlh.'rluicl^ 


301 


5 


242 


164 


74 


21 


229 


202 
















31 


133 


65 


67 


10 




292 




l-..land 






























2,695 
3,724 


132 
92 


179 
439 


881 
2,793 


1,365 

227 

1,645 


.V 


24 
38 
241 


22 
40 
139 


4 
316 


2 
15 


it 


48 
83 














9,105 
9,358 


218 
164 


2,048 
2,157 


4,987 
5,519 


1,1.56 
835 


4 

110 


75 


110 




9 


168 


123 




Switzerland 




Inilpd Kingdom: 






































2,5,014 












































































1,665 


27 


230 


759 


500 


5 


4 


13 


26 










1 s s u 


.t,862 


381 






463 




41 


291 


32 


4 


28 


38 






3,884 
5,150 


343 

267 
























(llli.i KuK.pi' 


594 


2,446 


803 


13 


244 


102 


30 


7 


490 


154 




, 


48,931 


5,952 


7.381 


12,840 


6,575 


788 


5,125 


811 


2,736 


116 


5,858 


747 


2 






2 


6,230 
12, 993 


722 

355 

103 

1,097 


393 

638 

359 

3,813 


1,620 
1,100 
1,369 
1,618 


2,127 
478 
272 

1,914 


21 

5 
12 
736 


753 
754 
152 
648 


145 
193 
21 

87 


38 

49 

24 

1,364 


5 
12 

4 
58 


360 

668 

77 

1,195 


46 
21 
14 
472 




India 








Japan 
































Philippines. 


6.799 




732 


1,754 


606 


5 


550 


72 


1,211 


6 


1,348 








15, 765 


3,240 


1,387 


5,098 


1,167 


9 


2. 205 


287 


59 






98 








North America 


268, 621 


6,349 


17, 168 


196, 895 


14. 307 


30 


17,876 


994 


10, 155 


206 


2,779 


1,862 






34,948 
106. 695 
101, 380 


913 


1,602 


11.592 
90,762 
76, 489 


5,524 
3,711 
4.237 


4 


7,580 
4 133 


275 
215 


5.916 
463 


32 


1,084 
729 


426 
121 








West Indies 


2,098 


9,181 


5 


3,854 


291 


3. 691 


69 


426 


1.039 




Ontral America . . 


22,383 


1,530 


1,221 


15, 786 


643 


7 


2,210 














Other North 




























America 


3.215 


139 


357 


2,266 


192 


14 


99 


35 


31 


4 








South .\meric3 


55,619 


5 326 


5,072 


35. 333 


3,233 


40 


3,636 


920 


223 


34 


1.538 


364 




Africa. __ 


6,042 


490 




2,636 


824 


10 


394 


160 












Australia and .\'ew 




























Zealand 


15.030 


643 


3,073 


8,241 


2.142 




158 


156 


119 


30 








Other countries 


3,996 


299 


396 


2,007 


827 


4 


322 


42 




1 


18 


41 





Tahle 17.— nonimmigrant ALIENS ADMITTED, BY CLASSES UNDER THE IMMIGRATION LAWS AND 
COUNTRY OR REGION OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Country or region 

of last permanent 

residence 


Number 
admitted 


Foreign 
govern- 

oSs 


Tempo- 
rary 
visitors 

for 
business 


Tempo. 

rary 
visitors 

for 
pleasure 


Transit 
aliens 


Treaty 
traders 
and in- 
vestors 


Students 


Inter- 
national 
repre- 
sentatives 


Tempo- 
rary 

workers 

and 
trainees i 


Repre- 

of foreign 
informa- 
tion 
media 


Exchange 
aliens 


Returning 
resident 
aliens 


Other 
classes 


All countries ... 


758,858 


28,498 


84,246 


453, 514 


107,399 


1,740 


30,760 


6,406 


16,856 


960 


17,849 


10,617 


13 


Europe 


211, 239 


8,799 


41,361 


78, 871 


64,168 


800 


2,068 


3,169 


2,766 


523 


6,783 


1,944 


7 








2.720 

3.827 

58 

301 

6.467 

2,328 

19, 858 

24, 408 

4,024 

662 

5,605 

13, 994 

22 

38 

10, 514 

6,387 

1,040 

1,963 

259 

6, 016 

7,734 

6,771 

67. 223 
1,888 
10,474 

'851 
1,116 
3,620 


59 

257 

4 

127 

176 

3 

52 

854 

1,146 

166 

40 

68 

851 


389 
1,061 


977 
1,573 

17 

1,872 

12 

778 

9,209 

10,696 

%l 
1,632 

9 
13 

4,128 

'404 
474 
69 

3^892 
3,187 

23, 429 
659 

'1 

417 

1,429 


707 
543 
12 
31 
2,804 

1,019 
2,175 

l!887 

494 

3,283 

5,288 

9 

7 

3,163 

2,795 

1,134 

42 

1,064 

1,026 

24, 146 
1,015 

'f£ 
142 
193 


2 
10 


31 
33 
2 


42 
92 
22 
64 
86 
1 
63 

668 
86 
.52 
27 
37 

171 


272 
25 


2 
IE 


205 
182 

3 

604 


34 
38 




BelpiMTii 


1 




18 

837 

5 

197 

5,331 

6.084 

34 

433 

2.383 

2,366 
810 

127 
23 

721 
2,032 
2,062 

14,491 
129 
813 
130 
34 
23 
432 






1 
19 


25 




f'|'''i,'''" 


29 


29 

27 
190 
201 
363 

33 
135 


87 




Knilarhl _ 

Fniiuv 


3 

6 
191 
16 


11 
281 
542 

18 

40 
254 

1 


2 
99 
121 
10 

3" 
13 


178 
836 

3 

48 
432 


8 
219 
437 
69 

21 
130 


- -1 






Ireland 


6 
99 


1 


Italy 




Latvia 






2 
291 
181 
243 
121 
77 
881 
210 
163 

1,876 
7 
47 

346 
316 
241 






141 

63 
67 

36 
74 
101 
251 

694 
6 
27 

2.59 
51 
87 




3 

238 

2 
42 

6 
563 
311 
180 

19 
92 
32 
4 
10 
480 


48 
53 

6 
13 

3 
19 
22 

597 
12 
83 
10 




Netherlands 

Norway 


3 
31 


68 
126 

19 
2 
122 
46 
75 

278 
6 
27 
3 
3 
19 
232 


61 
59 

4 

227" 
66 
84 

644 
31 

4 
83 
22 


18 
10 




Poland 








12 
1 
15 
24 

140 










Spain 


27 

4 

109 

235 
5 
16 








!?^iS^l^don,:- 
England 


1 


Northern Ireland 






1 
1 








U.S. s:r" 




Yusoslavia 

Other j;urope. 




4 
64 




7 


6 






42,671 


5,893 


6,967 


9,120 


4,893 


791 


4,974 


767 


2.712 


117 


6,838 


619 








China! 


2,078 

Ifi 

12, 107 

90 

6,854 

14,061 


633 

251 
217 

1,117 
14 
420 

3,241 


480 

676 

3,850 

796 
1.063 


198 

692 

2,243 

1,380 

1.765 
2,810 


283 

608 

1,230 

7 

600 
2,015 




449 
734 
199 
702 
18 
566 
2,306 


111 
165 
32 
80 
3 
74 
292 


18 

39 

40 

1,372 


6 
64 


634 

150 

1,213 

9 

1,372 

2,168 


8 
16 
11 
347 




India 


27 

762 
















Philippines 


5 
6 


1,204 
39 


6 
30 


46 
91 












North America 


410, 970 


7,015 


23,333 


309, 670 


28, 696 


87 


19,072 


1.276 


10,919 


238 


2,987 


7,775 


3 


Canada 


150, 556 
119,114 
109,888 
23,263 

8,149 


1,242 

1,548 
212 


4.475 
6,232 
11,031 
1,504 

91 


109, 826 
100,319 
82, 813 
16,323 


17, 899 

4.806 

6,062 

773 


17 
17 

42 


8,682 

3^831 
2,232 

39 


376 
249 
343 
190 

118 


6,696 

538 

3,714 

63 

9 


47 
96 
78 
8 

9 


1,256 
789 
426 
499 

18 


143 

293 
114 

7,162 








West Indies 

Central America... 
Other North 








South America 

Africa 


67, 724 
5,416 

17,204 
3,734 


5,437 
453 

667 
244 


7,542 
1,062 

3,602 
409 


42, 413 
2,310 


2,754 


48 


3,820 
362 

166 
308 


914 
136 

125 
40 


222 
47 

104 
86 


36 

17 

27 


1,683 
337 

310 
11 


179 

119 
18 


2 


Australia and New 


J 


Other countries 


' 





Excludes agricultural laborers except those admitted from Japan and those admitted from the West Indies and Canada after Mar. 8, 1957. See table I 
' Includes Formosa. 

Table 18.— AGRICULTURAL LABORERS ADMITTED TO THE UNITED STATES: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1950-1957 



Country of last 
permanent residence 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Total 


122, 676 


130, 630 


235, 316 


192, 132 


221, 709 


351, 191 


431, 985 


466, 713 








J 116, 052 
1,503 


2 115, 742 
3, 158 


223, 541 

2,796 

184 

184 

8,611 


178, 606 
5,467 


213, 763 
1,448 


337, 996 
7,578 


416, 833 
7,210 


450, 422 


Canada. 


7,015 


British Honduras 






4 
8,055 


10 
6,488 








British West Indies 

French West Indies 


5, 121 


11, 730 


5,617 


7, 911 
31 


8.244 
32 





































I uuE 19.— E^TRIES OF ALIEiV A^D CITIZEN BORDER CROSSERS OVER INTERNATIONAL LAND BOUND- 
J ARIES, BY STATE AND PORT: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



State and port 


All 


persons crossing > 


State and port 


.\11 persons crossing ' 




Total 


-Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


All ports 2__. 


137,590,261 


74, 271, 162 


63, 319, 099 


New York 


20, 010, 005 


9, 094, 780 


10 915 225 


Ogdensburg 

Peace Bridge 

Rouses Point 

Syracuse 

North Dakota 

Ambrose 




Canadian border. 


53, 522, 956 


28, 008, 556 


25, 514, 400 


2, 223, 375 
13,991,718 

3, 792, 239 

2, 673 


1, 295, 050 
5, 332, 781 

2, 465, 899 

1,050 


928, 325 
8, 658, 937 
1 326 340 


Idaho 


436, 899 


287, 306 


149, 593 




1,623 


Eastport 

Porthill 


320, 972 
115,927 


204, 754 
82, 552 


116,218 
33, 375 


1, 056, 861 


687, 711 








Illinois 


1,016 


460 


556 


24, 986 
12, 903 
17, 560 
84, 858 
21, 976 
20, 140 

19, 148 

20, 392 
123, 769 

53, 430 

48, 373 
206, 704 
228, 789 

34, 756 
14, 2.34 
36, 233 

49, 782 
38, 828 


16, 293 
10, 586 
15, 870 
48, 869 
15, 099 

12, 936 
8,507 

13, 086 
75, 004 
37, 035 
30, 338 

136, 519 
142, 734 
24, 430 
3, 934 
28, 414 
37, 332 
30, 725 


8 693 




2, 317 
1 690 


ChicaKO 


1,016 


460 


556 


Carburv 




Dunseith 

Fortuna 


35, 989 

6, 877 




7, 908, 073 


5, 077, 047 


2, 831, 026 








Calais 

Houlton 

Jackman 

Madawaska 

Portland 


2, 503, 699 
1, 120, 858 

521,261 

3, 754, 901 

7,354 


1, 663, 425 
741, 151 
339, 414 

2, 328, 932 

4, 125 


840, 274 

379, 707 

181, 847 

1, 425, 969 

3, 229 


Hansboro 

Maida . 


10, 641 


Neche 


48 765 


Noonan 


16 395 


Northgate 

Pembina 

Portal 


18, 035 
70 185 


Michigan 


14, 126, 496 


6, 655, 758 


7, 470, 738 


86 055 


St. John 








Algonac 


103, 489 

10, 966, 834 

85, 759 

2, 165, 239 

83, 150 

14, 245 

707, 780 


80, 258 

4, 980, 616 

53,311 

1, 071, 432 

47, 360 

6,922 

415, 859 


23, 231 

5, 986, 218 

32, 448 

1, 093, 807 

35, 790 

7,323 

291, 921 


Sarles 


10, .300 


Sherwood 

Walhalla 

Westhope 

Ohio 


Detroit 

Marine Citv 

Port Huron" 


7,819 
12, 450 
8, 103 


Roberts Landing.. 
St. Clairs 


26, 144 


7,239 


18 905 


Cleveland 

Sandusky 

Toledo 




Sault Sto. Marie,. 


12, 564 

13, 380 
200 


6,800 
364 
75 


5,764 


Minnesota. _ ._ 


1, 621, 894 


909, 040 


712, 854 


13,016 
125 




Oregon 


Baudette 


121, 302 
4, 184 
10, 305 

653, 086 

16, 609 

398, 959 

255, 916 

34, 146 

12, 871 

29, 565 

7,005 

77, 946 


92, 102 

811 

1,505 

288, 420 

10, 341 

272, 147 

123, 653 

24, 180 

1,703 

24, 232 

2,509 

67, 437 


29, 200 
3,373 
8,800 

364, 666 
6,268 
126, 812 
132, 263 
9, 966 
11, 168 
5,333 
4,496 
10, 509 


1,445 


225 


1 220 








Elv< 


12 
1,433 




12 


International 
Falls 


Portland 

Pennsylvania 

Erie 


225 


1,208 


Lancaster 

Noves 


390 


129 


261 


Pigeon River 

Pine Creek 


390 


129 


261 






3, 260, 014 


1, 973, 066 


1, 286, 948 




Newport 

St. Albans 

Washington 

Anacortes 

Bellingham 

Blaine 






1, 899, 157 
1, 360, 857 


1, 197, 382 
775, 684 




St. Paul 

Warroad 


701, 775 
585, 173 




702, 833 


451, 284 


251, 549 


3, 661, 476 


2, 543, 897 


1, 117,579 




53, 378 

1,232 

2, 107, 916 

46, 757 

149, 572 

138, 123 

57, 387 

4,158 

241, 101 

325, 734 

1,477 

92, 768 

840 

440, 524 

509 


19, 440 

430 

1,493,655 

16, 807 

122, 636 

92,216 

38, 517 

3,040 

202, 152 

210, 038 

520 

42, 540 

151 

301, 545 

210 


33, 938 
802 
614, 261 
29, 950 
26, 936 
45 907 


Babb 

Chief Mountain. 


142, 715 
79, 101 
6,274 
4,665 
18, 523 

15, 780 

15, 679 
60, 088 
31, 677 

16, 348 
281, 192 

1.3, 204 

17, 585 


91, 769 

26, 063 

2,353 

1,343 

14, 119 

2 
13, 155 
10, 164 
45, HI 
17, 658 
13, 027 
191, 652 
9,845 

15, 023 


50, 946 
53, 038 
3, 921 
3,322 
4,404 


Cut Bank 


Danville 


Great Falls 




Havre 


Lynden 


Helena 


Metahne Falls 

Nighthawk 5 

Northport 

Oroville 




Morgan 

Opheim 

Ravmond 


2,625 
5,515 
14, 977 
14,019 
3,321 
89, 540 
3, 359 
2,562 


1, 118 
38, 949 
115 696 


Roosville 

Scobev 


Port Angeles 

Seattle 


'957 

50, 228 

689 


Sweetgrass 


Spokane 


Turner 




138 979 


Whitetail 




'299 









See footnotes at end of table. 



Tarle 19.— entries OF ALIEN AND CITIZEN BORDER CROSSERS OVER INTERNATIONAL LAND BOUND- 
ARIES, BY STATE AND PORT: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957— Continued 



State and port 


All 


persons crossing ' 


State and port 


All persons crossing ' 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Wisconsin 


609 


187 


422 


California 


22, 833, 952 


9, 764, 641 


13,069,311 


Andrade 


Green Bay 

Milwaukee 


74 
535 


24 
163 


50 
372 


178, 373 

8, 133, 591 

4,405 

24, 589 

14, 247, 695 

245, 299 


83, 310 

5, 286, 835 

325 

3,717 

4, 243, 347 

147, 107 


95, 063 

2, 846, 756 

4,080 

20, 872 




San Diego 

San Pedro 

San Ysidro 


Alaska 


65, 033 


8,264 


56, 769 




10, 004, 348 
98, 192 


Anchorage 

Fairbanks 

Juneau 

Skagway" 

Tok Junction 


1,499 
5,587 
6; 111 
15, 543 
36, 293 

643, 768 


182 

218 

1,251 

4,500 

2, 113 

312, 163 


1,317 

41860 
11,043 
34, 180 

331, 605 


New Mexico 

Columbus 




155, 542 


66, 491 


89, 051 


155, 542 


66, 491 


89, 051 




48, 860, 800 


29, 403, 483 


19, 457, 317 


Canadian stations. _ 


Brownsville 

DaUas 




6, 215, 242 

975 

1, 354, 136 

2, 609, 718 
22, 989, 688 

396, 382 

5, 073, 895 

18, 961 

7, 442, 000 
455, 646 
627, 784 

47, 969 
1, 628, 404 


4, 510, 132 

263 

542, 585 

1, 566, 095 

13, 184, 644 

274, 956 

3,311,007 

1, 131 

4, 760, 436 

325! 651 

1, 644 

635, 498 


1, 705, 110 

712 


Montreal, Quebec. 
Toronto, Ontario. 
Victoria, B. C 


173, 999 
242, 026 
227, 743 


102, 359 
153, 039 
56, 765 


71, 640 
88, 987 
170, 978 


Del Rio... 


811,551 


Eagle Pass 

El Paso 


1, 043, 623 
9 805 044 


Mexican Border. 


84, 067, 305 


46, 262, 606 


37, 804, 699 




■ 121,426 




1, 762, 888 
17, 830 




12,217,011 


7, 027, 991 


5, 189, 020 






L'lredo 


2, 681, 564 
166, 205 




2, 482, 959 
156, 886 
805, 270 

7, 785, 706 
908, 334 
77, 856 


1, 195, 955 
60, 868 
395, 064 
4, 684, 295 
639, 878 
51,931 


1, 287, 004 
96,018 
410, 206 
3, 101,411 
268, 456 
25, 925 


Presidio 

Roma 


LukevOle 


302, 133 


Naco 


San Antonio 

Ysleta 


46, 325 


Nogales 

San Luis 

Sasabe 


992 906 











' Each entry of the same person counted separately. 

■ Figures include arrivals by aircraft. 

> Station at St. Clair, Mich., closed in May and June 1 



I Station at Ely, Miim., replaced one at Wmton, Mmn. 
i Station at Nighthawk, Wash., opened Sept. 12, 1956. 
i Skagway, Alaska, includes Haines, Alaska. 



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w a: 3 

N <; ^ 

SS I 

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O I 

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Table 21.— ALIENS EXCLUDED FROM THE UNITED STATES: YEARS E^DEI) JUNE 30, 1892-19.17 



Year 


Number 
excluded 


Year 


Number 
excluded 


Year 


Number 
excluded 


Year 


Number 
excluded 


1892-1957 


629, 826 


1901-10— Con. 

1908 

1909 

1910 

1911-20 

1911 

1912 

1913 

1914 

1915 

1916 

1917 

1918 

1919 

1920 

1921-30 

1921 

1922 


10, 902 
10,411 
24, 270 


1921-30— Con. 
1923 

1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931-40 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 

1939 

1940 


20, 619 
30, 284 
25, 390 
20, 550 
19, 755 
18, 839 
18, 127 
8,233 


1941-50 

1941 

1942 

1943 

1944 

1945 

1946 

1947 

1948 

1949 

1950 


38, 527 


1892-1900 


22, 515 


2,929 
1,833 
1,495 
1,642 
2,341 
2,942 
7, 435 
7, 113 
.5, 541 
5,256 


1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1899^'::;:^^ 

1900 


2, 164 
1,053 
1,389 
2,419 
2, 799 
1,617 
3,030 
3,798 
4,246 


178, 109 


22, 349 
16, 057 
19, 938 
33, 041 
24, 111 
18, 867 
16, 028 
7,297 
8, 626 
11,795 


68, 217 


9,744 
7,064 
5,527 
5,384 
5,558 
7,000 
8,076 
8,066 


5, 647 
5,050 


1901-10 


108, 211 


1952 




1953 


.i, 647 




3,516 
4,974 
8,769 
71994 

11, 879 

12, 432 

13, 064 


1901 


1954 


3, 313 


1902 

1903 




2, 667 
1. 709 


189, 307 


1956 


1904 


1957 


907 


1905 

1906 

1907 


13, 779 
13, 731 





46 



IK 22— ALIENS EXCLUDED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIRTH AND CAUSE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Couiitn or region 
of birth 


1 


1 


1 


1. 


-1 

Z g 

|l 
c 3 -2 

til 
< 


Mm 

< 


3 




is 

1 


1'^ 
1° 

111 


i 
1 

o 


All countries 


907 


91 


30 


40 


312 


36 


2 


302 


14 


27 


53 


Europe 


216 


5 




6 


49 


2 




144 


6 


2 


2 


Austria 


3 
4 

11 

110 

3 

9 

20 
4 
5 

14 

11 
6 

16 








2 
3 

4 

3 
2 
2 
4 

12 

4 
4 






106 


























Gernianv 


1 




1 


1 










Greece 








Hungarv 












X 


1 




Italv " 






1 
1 








PohuKl 

Rumania 


1 




1 




14 

9 

7 




Spain 

United Kingdom 

U S. S. R 




















1 












1 














Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 




1 
1 













1 








2 












Asia 


18 


1 




3 


7 






2 


1 


2 


2 










China 


1 
5 

8 
4 




















1 


Japan 

Philippines 






i 
1 
1 


3 

? 












1 


1 










1 


2 








2 






















648 


85 


30 


30 


236 


33 


2 


153 


7 


23 








Canada 

Mexico 

West Indies 

Central America 


168 
343 
55 
10 
72 


31 

48 
2 


25 


6 

23 

1 


88 
56 
38 
6 
48 


1 
29 

1 


.\'.\a 


31 

118 

2 


6^ 

1 


4 
17 
2 


4 
25 




4 


1 






2 


17 














South America 


2 

3 
9 








10 


1 












Africa 










2 








Australia and New- 
Zealand 








3 

7 












Other countries 






' 






' 

























47 



Table 23.— ALIENS EXCLUDED FROM THE UNITED STATES, BY CAUSE: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 19S1-1957 



Cause 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Number excluded 


5,647 


5,050 


5, 647 


3,313 


2,667 


1,709 


907 








610 
38 
165 

""434" 
116 

121 


534 
29 
148 

'""164" 
41 
115 

74 


491 
58 
118 

190 
33 

169 
47 

139 
4, 293 


296 

65 

111 

3 

16 
201 

307 
2, 125 


206 

124 
89 
10 

113 
9 

187 
15 

356 
1,476 


169 
64 

117 
5 
87 
14 
89 
10 

163 
916 


91 


Immoral classes 

Sul)V,T>iv.- .,r ;illMl.'Ili-lic 

Viol;, lor- nf IKlMMllr l;,us 

M.'lll;.! .., |,ln^,r:,l ^Irl,., -lives 


30 
302 

40 




07 


Stowaways 

Attempted entry without inspection or by false 


14 
36 


Attempted entry without proper documents 


3, 963 


3, 860 

1 


312 


Polvsamists or advocate polvgamv ___ 

( 'tint met hiliorrT-; 


2 

15 

3 
15 

39 






3 






9 

19 
3 
3 

10 

.1 


44 

Vo' 

1 
47 






3 


Ini'liuil'li' III cil i/rii-liip nr |>rcvi()usly drjiarted from 


34 
3 
3 
4 
2 

14 


54 

1 
4 
9 
3 


61 


28 


Unable to read (over lb years of age) 

Accompanying aliens 

Assisted aliens 

Other 


5 

4 
4 

1 


7 

2 
1 







48 



! 24.— ALIENS DEPORTED, BY COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED AND CAUSE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



Country to which 
deported 


Total 




■1 


i 
1 

> 


1 

c 

1 


.2 
1 


c 


^§1 


ii 

III 


P. 
3 


1 

e 

c 
o 

1 

1 




All countries- 


5,082 


549 


112 


114 


59 


263 


662 


1,264 


1,999 


8 


12 


40 


Europe 


1,090 


72 


10 


3 


12 


26 


133 


480 


344 


2 


5 


3 


k 


18 
20 
23 
51 

279 
15 

205 
36 
57 
81 

105 
19 

119 
8 
54 


1 
1 
1 
12 
8 










1 

4 

5 
27 

1 
37 

4 


8 
9 
8 
15 
149 
5 
63 
21 
32 
36 
50 

52 

1 
24 


6 

8 
13 
93 

5 
67 

7 
22 
29 
40 

24 
2 
14 














3 


-- 
2 

2 


.. 


1 












Germany 

Greece 


1 














Ireland 






2 

1 


^ 


.. 


2 


Italy 

Netherlands 


18 
-- 

-. 

15 

1 
6 


2 

1 


3 


1 








Portugal 

Spain 


1 
1 






1 


12 
13 


















Ken 




1 








United Kingdom. _ 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 


4 




4 


18 
4 
5 




1 








1 


2 




2 










Asia- 


318 


14 


2 


5 


4 


3 


47 


157 


81 


3 


2 








China ' 


125 

1? 

15 
7 
30 
51 
66 


1 




2 


1 


2 


15 
-- 

i 

12 
9 


71 
5 
6 
6 
5 
5 

22 


31 
3 
5 
3 


3 


1 








Indonesia 

Japan 

Jordan 

Pakistan 
















1 

1 


1 




2 


1 




1 






3 






10 








Philippines 

Other Asia 


9 

2 


1 














1 























North America 


3,520 


456 


99 


105 


37 


233 


456 


566 


1,525 


2 


4 


37 


Canada 

Mexico 


938 

2, 039 

362 

181 


143 
267 
39 

7 


38 
54 

4 
3 


86 
11 


16 

17 
2 


102 
109 

14 
8 


165 
210 

28 
53 


300 
83 
155 

28 


163 

1, 176 

107 

79 


1 


1 
3 


2 
33 


Central America- . 














South America 


102 
18 
34 


3 

1 
3 




1 


5 


1 


18 
6 


35 
9 
17 


38 
6 
5 




1 




Olhcr countries 


1 




1 




1 











Table 24A.— ALI^:NS APPREHENDED, ALIENS DEPORTED, AND ALIENS DEPARTING VOLUNTARILY: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1892-1957 





Aliens appre- 
hended > 


Aliens expelled 


Period 


Total 


Aliens 
deported 


Aliens depart- 
ing vol- 
untarily - 


1892 1957 


5, 067, 886 


5, 820, 759 


470, 617 


5, 350, 142 










3, 127 
11,558 
27, 912 


3,127 
11,558 
27, 912 










1911 19''0 












1921-:50 


128, 484 


164, 390 


92, 157 


72, 233 


1921 




4,517 
4,345 
3, 661 
6,409 
9,495 
10, 904 
26, 674 
31, 571 
38, 796 
28, 018 


4,517 
4, 345 
3,661 
6,409 
9,495 

10, 904 
11,662 

11, 625 

12, 908 
16, 631 
















1924 






1925 


22, 199 
12, 735 
16,393 

23, 566 
32, 711 
20, 880 








1927 


15,012 


1928- 


19, 946 




25, 888 


1930 


11,387 








147, 457 


210,416 


117,086 


93, 330 






1931 


22, 276 
22, 735 
20, 949 
10,319 
11,016 
11,728 
13, 054 
12, 851 
12, 037 
10, 492 


29, 861 

30, 201 
30, 212 
16, 889 

16, 297 

17, 446 
17,617 

18, 553 
17, 792 
15, 548 


18, 142 

19, 426 
19, 865 

8,879 
8,319 
9, 195 
8,829 
9,275 
8, 202 
6,954 


11, 719 


1932 


10 775 


1933 - - . 


10, 347 


1934 


8,010 


1935 


7, 978 


1936 




1937 


8, 788 


1938 


9, 278 


1939 


9,590 


1940 - - _ --. 


8,594 






1941-50 


1, 377, 210 


1,581, 774 


110,849 


1, 470, 925 


1941 


11,294 
11, 784 
11, 175 
31, 174 
69, 164 
99,591 
193, 657 
192, 779 
288, 253 
468, 339 


10, 938 
10, 613 
16, 154 
39, 449 
80, 760 
116, 320 
214,543 
217,555 
296, 337 
579, 105 


4,407 

3, 709 

4, 207 
7, 179 

11,270 
14, 375 
18, 663 
20, 371 
20, 040 
6, 628 


6,531 


1942 


6,904 


1943 


11,947 




32, 270 


1945 


69, 490 


1946 


101,945 


1947. 


195, 880 


1948 


197, 184 


1949 


276, 297 


1950 


572, 477 






1951 


509, 040 
528, 815 
885, 587 
1, 089, 583 
254, 096 
87, 696 
59,918 


686, 713 
723, 959 
905, 236 
1, 101, 228 
247, 797 
88, 188 
68, 461 


13, 544 
20, 181 
19, 845 
26,951 
15, 028 
7, 297 
5, 082 


673, 169 


1952 


703, 778 


1953 


885, 391 


1954 


1, 074, 277 


1955 


232, 7(i9 


1956 


80, 891 


1957 


63, 379 







50 



25.— ALIENS DEPORTED, BY COUNTRY TO WHICH DEPORTED AND DEPORTATION EXPENSE: 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 





Total 


Deportation expense borne by: 


Country to which deported 


Immigration 
and Natu- 
ralization 
Service 


Other 

Government 

agencies 


Steamship 
companies 


Airlines 


Aliens 
deported 


Aliens 
reshipped 


All countries 


5,082 


3,839 


80 


606 


7 


457 


93 








1,090 


427 


33 


432 




125 


73 








Denmark 


18 
20 
23 
51 

279 
15 

205 

i 

105 
19 

119 
8 
54 


6 

8 
9 
26 
84 
7 
82 
10 

40 
36 

70 

29 




10 
8 
5 

14 
133 
7 
84 
17 
35 
12 
45 
8 

4 
17 




1 
6 

34 

1 

"3 
2 
22 

8 


1 


Finland 


1 
1 

9 




2 








German V 




4 


Greece 




19 


Ireland 






Italy 


9 




3 


Netherlands 




6 


Norway j. 






9 


3 
4 




4 


Spain 




12 






3 






6 




Yugoslavia 




1 




1 












Asia 


318 


147 


13 


84 


1 


66 


7 






China ' 


125 
10 
14 
15 

30 
51 
66 


48 
6 
4 
6 
5 
17 
31 
30 


5 


36 

1 
8 
3 




34 

2 
3 

2 
1 
8 
15 


2 






2 
















3 










Pakistan 


3 
4 

1 


9 
8 
19 














1 










3,520 


3,188 


27 


50 


5 


241 


9 






Canada 


2,039 
362 
181 


857 

1,917 

248 

166 


4 
15 
6 

2 


6 
2 
37 
5 


1 


68 
102 
63 

8 


2 




3 


West Indies 


4 


4 














102 
18 
34 


53 
10 
14 


4 


23 
11 


1 


19 
5 


2 




1 




3 




1 









> Includes Formosa. 



Table 26.— ALIENS DEPORTED, BY CAUSE: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1908-1957 

















Failed to 


























Previ- 






Entered 


Likely to 


Subver- 










Crimi- 


Immoral 


Violators 


Mental or 


excluded 


or comply 


without 


without 


become 




to read 


Miscella- 












physical 






inspection 
or by false 


public 


anarchis- 


(over 16 


neous 










cotic laws 




or de- 




documents 


charges 




years of 
















ported 


nonimmi- 
grant status 




statements 






age) 




1908-57 1 


462.820 


40,500 


15, 776 


2,861 


26, 789 


32,427 


51, 565 


125, 233 


111,198 


22,489 


1,470 


16, 760 


15,762 


1908-10 


6,888 


236 


784 




3,228 








1,106 


474 






















1908 

1909 

1910 


2,069 
2,124 


41 


67 




1 063 








299 


25 






574 


69 
126 


291 
426 




l' 112 








258 


75 






319 




1,053 








549 


374 






















1911-20 


27, 912 


1,209 


4,324 




6,364 


178 






4,128 


9,086 


353 


704 


1,666 










1911 

1912 

1913 

1914 

1915 

1916 

1917 

1918.. _ 

1919 

1920 


2,788 
2,466 
3,461 
4. 610 
2. 564 
2,781 
1,853 
1,569 
3,068 
2,762 


90 
124 


422 




966 








555 


HI 




















75 


























1,252 










1,370 






75 


105 


363 










408 








225 






















95 
57 
175 
229 


442 
377 
378 
313 




249 
172 
337 
567 








180 
380 


721 

422 

1,155 

814 






166 




58 
10) 






,S 


67 
466 
171 


73 


























1921-30 


92. 157 


8,383 


4,238 


374 


8,936 


1,842 


5,566 


31, 704 


5,265 


10, 703 


642 


5,977 


8,537 


1921 


4, 517 


316 


356 




007 


133 






369 

284 


1,313 
1,718 


446 
64 


274 










469 




















229 


1,194 








1924 


6,409 


525 


339 


21 


877 


190 






606 


2,096 


81 


345 


1,331 


1925 


9,495 


637 


327 


42 


913 


164 




2,723 


1,169 


1,761 


22 




1,263 


















4:582 


902 


889 




494 


1,337 


1927 


li;662 




572 


54 


1,042 


182 


209 


5,464 




571 






1,374 


1928 


11, 625 


1,211 


563 


67 


1,106 


91 


1,185 


5,367 


400 


478 


1 


333 


823 












672 


14 


2,088 


6,874 


652 


373 


1 


63 


315 


1930 


16,631 


1,711 


700 


44 


1,042 


653 


2,033 






311 


1 






1931-40 


117.086 


16,597 


4,838 


1,108 


6,301 


9,729 


14,669 


45, 480 


5,169 


1,886 


253 


8,329 


2.737 












9,52 


1.003 


2,846 


6.205 


644 


1,242 


18 


2,066 


465 


1932 


19, 426 


1,709 


906 


138 


1,107 


1.202 


3,297 


8.167 












1933 


19, 865 


1,770 


785 


167 


1,056 


1.010 


3,175 


9,099 


737 


166 








1934 


8,879 


1,569 


383 


122 


662 


359 


1,000 


3,611 


337 


98 


20 


539 














510 




801 


2,824 


462 


33 


17 


416 


167 
















856 


3,181 












193?:: 


8,829 


1,603 


308 


118 




1.000 


715 


3,294 


568 














1,662 


318 


81 


401 


1.086 


752 


3,545 


537 


24 








1939 


8,202 




270 




326 




661 


3.080 


491 


22 




453 




1940 


6,954 


1,514 


164 


91 


362 


1,033 


566 


2.474 


340 


13 




331 


66 






1941-50 


110,849 


8,945 


759 


822 


1,560 


17, 642 


13,906 


14.288 


50,209 


143 


17 


1,746 


812 


1041 


4.407 


1 200 


88 


58 


249 


703 


263 


1 468 


176 


3 




161 


19 












li 


289 




113 




1 


182 


48 


1944 


4,207 
7,179 


609 


49 


55 






























































1946 


14,375 










1 083 


1 310 




8,404 


15 




426 
















1.086 


10, 794 


34 


3 


7 


35 




20, 371 
20,040 


850 
1,024 








3,438 
3,815 
















1949 


76 


70 


82 


1, 708 


998 


12,094 


20 


4 


1 


148 


1950 


6,628 


790 


63 


55 


63 


5,53 


1,885 




1.734 


38 




1 


108 




13,544 
20,181 
19, 845 


1,036 

Vsl 




62 








5 322 














50 
100 






























2,352 
2,636 




















336 


5,344 


17. 337 


31 


61 


2 


i:!4 
















1,472 


1,971 








































1957 


5,082 


549 


112 


114 


59 


263 


1,264 


662 


1. 999 


8 


12 













' Deportation statistics by cause are not available prior to the fiscal year 1908. 



Table 27.— ALIENS DEPORTED, BY YEAR OF ENTRY AND STATUS AT ENTRY: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 





Total 

de- 
ported 


Year of entry 


Status at entry 


1957 


1956 


1955 


1954 


1953 


1952 


1951 


1946- 
1950 


1941- 
1945 


1931- 
1940 


1921- 
1930 


1920 


Before 
1911 


Total 


5.082 


1, 124 


1.798 


648 


328 


218 


190 

■? 


124 


314 


89 


48 


99 
37 


50 


52 






Immigrant (except displaced 


423 

4 

8 

856 

204 

33 

1,050 

4 

1 
137 
64 
129 

2,020 

21 

4 

98 
25 


26 

157 

6 
161 


109 

2 

1 

450 

83 

13 

373 


52 


35 


21 


20 


33 

34 

13 

5 

101 


5 


13 


38 


13 


Disi)hicr,l p.ix.n ,.r refugee.^ 

Go\rlliliirli) ollirial 




"1? 

4 
164 


2 
43 
19 

61 




.__.. 
'' 


1 
2 








Tenip..i;u\ \i>itiir 

Agricult unil liiburer 

Transit alien 


26 
12 

48 


20 
If 
57 


14 
10 

1 
26 


7 


1 


_ 








1 




20 


11 
1 


20 


2 


6 


Treaty merchant or in- 




Representative to interna- 
tional organization 

Returning resident 














1 
12 
15 
15 

69 






17 

715 


28 
46 
644 


'I 

2, 

236 


20 

14 

4 

112 


10 

8 
5 

78 


9 
2 
53 


5 

4 
6 

27 


13 


6 


3 


2 


2 


Student 




S 1 waw ay 

Suireptitious entrant or en- 
trant without inspection. _ 


3 
19 


3 

9 
1 


23 


6 


29 


Other temporary worker or 


1 


7 


12 
4 


5 

9 
3 


1 
1 

4 
3 


1 

2 
2 


5 

5 

1 














10 












United States citizenship 


20 
3 


32 
3 


3 

1 


1 








Unknown or not reported 


4 











-ALIEN CREWMEN DESERTED AT UNITED STATES AIR AND SEAPORTS, BY NATIONALITY AND 
FLAG OF CARRIER: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 





Total 










Flag of 


carrier 


from \\ 


hich deserted 










Nationality of 
crewmen 


j3 
.'£ 


1 


1 




s 


1 

1 
3 


2; * 


^ s 

t. .2 
M 


i-i 


M) 
0^ 


1 


1 




I 


Number de- 
serted 


2,880 


268 


43 


149 


193 


791 


105 


326 


346 


16 


96 


109 


23 


415 


British Empire 


251 
53 
31 
65 

924 

454 
66 

156 
5 
42 

303 
47 
94 
67 
25 
13 
14 
16 
22 

232 


151 


'""23' 


1 


1 


25 
5 
2 

509 

87 

6 

I 

73 
2 
2 
5 


3 

6 
3 
22 
38 


9 
19 
4 
4 
7 
63 
6 
132 


29 






12 
5 
5 


12 
4 

2" 


8 








Finland 












18 




4 
39 
5 

4 


3 

1 






2 
162 
52 






24 




132 

7 


"189- 


2 




66 


Italv 




11 
5 
8 


17 


Netherlands 






2 


Norway 




1 














3 


Portugal 


2 
2 


4 

1 
2 






3 
6 

-- 


2 
25 

7 

30 


"""68" 
2 

1 
5 


14 


"""96" 


3 
14 
30 




Spain 


1 


1 
1 


14 


Sweden 




Yugoslavia 

China 






90 


18 
















2 


















25 


Philippines 

Cuba 





3 
3 










4 
2 


2 
















2 

1 
9 
30 








2 


"""""f 


4 


Argentina 










13 


4 
38 


"i 


3 
5 




2 

12 






3 




16 


10 






6 


113 











53 



Table 29.— VESSELS AND AIRPLANES INSPECTED, CREWMEN ADMITTED, AND STOWAWAYS ARRIVED 
BY REGIONS AND DISTRICTS: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 

[Each and every arrival or departure of the same vessel or crewman counted separately] 





Vessels and airplanes inspected 


Crewmen 


admitted 


Stowaways arrived 


Region and district 


Arr 


ved 


Departed 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Aliens 






Vessels 


Airplanes 


Ve.ssels and 
airplanes ' 


Citizens 


United States totaL 


69, 716 


147, 404 


12, 947 


1, 688, 749 


972, 875 


275 


19 


Northeast Region 


18, 057 


42, 380 


5,380 


619,068 


294, 247 


86 


3 




1,561 

2,681 

160 

1 

5, 111 

8,087 

404 

52 


2,467 
11,632 
43 
2, 266 
15, 783 
440 
7,960 
1,789 


135 
4 
11 

5,155" 
75 


46, 403 
54, 769 
4,360 
248 
438, 789 
41,918 
12,211 
20, 370 


22, 708 
15,673 
986 
1, 233 
223, 399 
6, 915 
14, 865 
8,468 


11 




Buffalo, \. Y 




Hartford, Conn 






Newark, X . .1 






New York, N . V 

Portland, Maine 


75 


3 


St. Albans, Vt 




















Southeast Region 


29, 234 


57, 074 


6, 179 


670, 391 


331, 385 


134 


3 


Atlanta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md 


1,780 
2,270 
2,637 
6, 906 

2, 524 

3, 116 
5,650 
4,351 


392 
381 
1,473 
31,913 
1,647 
1,374 
18, 864 
1,030 


209 
62 

' 240 

108 

3,964 

110 


46, 450 
64, 534 
53, 290 

139, 407 
71, 727 
93, 057 
66, 031 

135, 895 


27, 830 

26, 966 
16,919 
92,713 
29, 030 

27, 414 
86, 887 
23, 626 


24 

24 

i6 

27 
8 
17 
18 


2 


CleVI'hUKi, (ihio 

Miami, I'hi 

Xf« (lrlr:ii,., I.a 


1 


Philadelphia, Pa 




San Juan, P. R 




Washington, D. C 








Northwest Region 


13, 257 


21, 392 


962 


179, 771 


142, 793 


7 


1 


Anchorage, Alaska. 


1, 121 

405 

1,215 


1,918 

396 

3,400 

2,013 


553 
3 


9,864 

8, 325 

17,585 

512 


6,644 
3,477 
17, 540 
3,424 






Chicago, 111 






Detniil, Mirh 






Ih-h-n-A. Moiii 


1 






Kali>:,. I•^u^. Mo 








Omaha, X.'l.r 




8 

79 

3,938 

9,640 




9 
23, 565 
13, 654 
106, 257 


8 
12, 488 
6,661 
92, 551 






Portland, Oreg 

St. Paul, Minn 


854 

482 

9, 180 


53 


3 


1 


Seattle, Wash 


352 


4 








Southwest Region 


9,168 


26, 558 


426 


219,519 


204, 450 


48 


12 


Dallas, Tex 

Denver, Colo 


2,072 


655 

15 
1,273 
14, 009 
4,518 
5,309 
112 
667 


106 


62, 730 


17,872 
21 


15 


1 


El Paso, Tex ._ 




4 

84 
169 
16 

47 








Honolulu, T. H 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Antonio, Tex.. . 


808 
4,210 

659 
1,419 


30, 989 
72, 858 
19, 291 
33, 651 


83, 187 
43, 114 
13, 263 
46, 993 


12 
14 
4 
3 


4 


San Francisco, Calif... 




Phoenix, Ariz 



















I Separate figures for vessels and alrpla; 



54 



i 


00 to" 


38, 822 
7, 595 

3, 783 

27, 444 

5, 662 

1,741 

357 

586 

1,265 




i 


47, 617 
2, 086, 315 
135,916 
14, 173 
55, 266 


00- 


136, 823 

5, 202, 425 

1, 460, 050 

33, 799 

661, 047 
1,388,419 

300 
19 

$763, 859 


g 


1 § 








1 




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iiiSii i^ ^ 


5 !- 


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of 00- 


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ofcom-coiC n 
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2 12 

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oi OJt^oOO re 

5sE:2g § 

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lllll 1 

r-TofcD-t^-t-- co" 


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^- :^- li o- 


CO-CO-CO-OfoO-CD of 


1 


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1 

uf 


HssSsi ^" B 


< 


1 "^ 

ii 


1 i-a . 1 , 1 i r 1 

iiiHii yi 

lis';;;; ;^ ; 
y^ -Jl isi 


i 

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1 

s 


Jliii 
•Hill 


1 

5 

1 


ililii ill 

iimi M ' 



111 



55 



Table 31.— PASSKNGEKS ARRIVED IN THE UNITED STATES FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES, RY COUNTRY OF 
EMBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 

[Exclusive of travel over land hordersl 



Citizens Total 



Aliens Citizens Total 



Aliens Citizens Total 



Europe. 



Andorra 

Austria 

Belgium 

Danzig 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Gibraltar 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Liechtenstein _ 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg.- 
Malta I.- 
Netherlands. . 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Rumania 

San Marino... 

Spain 

Sweden 



Inhvd Kiw, 
Yugoslavia. 



Aden 

Afghanistan 

Bahrein 

Bonin Vol. Islands. 

Burma 

Ceylon 

China 

Cyprus 

French India 

Hong Kong 

India 

Indonesia 

Iran 

Iraq 

Israel 

Japan 

Jordan 

Korea 

Kuwait 

Lebanon 

Macau 

Malaya 

Muscat and Oman. 
Nepal 



2 
2 

13 
.304 
,091 
,341 

13 
,044 

52 



59, 580 



2,670 



100 



1, 209 

7,252 

56 

14, 101 

19 

233 

115, 209 

113,024 

1, 287 

6, 099 



5, 232 

23, 016 

52, 502 

18 



27, 377 
6,345 



10, 677 

7,692 

8, 294 

540 

1,348 

139, 381 

52 



5,724 

17, 470 

67 

29, 316 

19 

926 

175, 184 

211,066 

1, 826 

14, 458 

58 

10, 901 

41, 414 

98, 480 

18 



320 
71, 468 
12, 686 

82 
19, 014 

58 

22, 901 
17, 900 
16, 473 
1,061 
2,347 
276, 876 
334 



2,675 



1,963 



75 

4,515 

9, 133 

11 

12, 540 



248 
27, 415 
47, 998 

539 
4,509 



63 

59, 169 

38, 904 

1,287 

4,245 



311 
m, 584 
B6, 902 
1, 826 
8, 754 



445 
32, 560 
50, 044 



1, 209 

6,908 

56 

12, 138 

19 

170 

56, 040 

74, 120 



49 
5, 145 
36, 078 



6,233 
34, 530 



75 
11,378 
70, 608 



3,850 

58 

5,620 

13, 253 



1,854 



5,206 

16, 783 

17, 972 

18 



229 

22, 260 

4,702 

10 



245 

32, 633 

9,237 

10 

2, 132 



2 

2 

13 

75 

21,831 

1, 639 

3 

5,266 

52 



7, 004 
1,810 



15 
5, 864 
4, 759 



6 
4, 167 



21 
9,727 



3, 525 

8,294 



58, 184 
282 



540 

469 

58, 241 

52 



1,061 

555 

116, 425 

334 



913 
79,311 



879 
1, 140 



147, 625 



978 



53, 687 



49 

896 

5 

29 

2, 532 

361 

69 

182 

27 

1, 724 

61, 553 

8 

613 

"i,"464' 



12 

104 

1,751 

6 

42 

7,344 

992 

162 

494 

38 

5, 899 

95, 050 

8 

1, 931 

2 

2,082 

3 

97 

24 

133 



33 

463 

1 

1 

3, 102 

194 

24 



3, 012 
12, 568 



52 

1, 255 

6 

2 

4,348 

343 

46 

4 

3 



12 

1, 710 

437 

69 

308 

10 

1, 163 

20, 929 



28 

1, 286 

212 

47 

182 

25 

963 

42, 398 

8 

210 



56 



Table 31.— PASSENGERS ARRIVED IN THE UNITED STATES FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES, BY COl l^TRY OF 
EMBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957— Continued 

[Exclusive of travel over land borders] 





By sea and by air 


By sea 


By air 


Coiiutry of cnibiirkatioii 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Asia — Continued 

New Guinea (Nether- 


2 

5 

2 

11, .563 

427 

327 

330 

40 

187 

2 

31 

159 


22 

6 

13, 033 

2, 373 

1,972 

340 

42 

268 

5 

10 
212 


3 

27 

8 

24, 596 

2, 800 

2, 299 

670 

82 

455 

41 
371 

4 


2 

1 


-- 


2 
2 


4 
2 
7,319 
253 
322 
258 
35 
184 


21 

6 

8,900 

1,972 
235 
41 
240 


1 




25 








4,244 
174 
5 
72 
5 
3 
2 
31 

1 


4, 133 
1,602 

105" 

28 
5 
10 


8, 377 
1,776 

__5 

6 
31 

41 


16, 219 


Ryukyu Islands 

Saudi Arabia 

SineaDore 


1,024 

2, 294 

493 




76 




424 






Turkey in Asia 








Vietnam 

Other Portuguese 
Territories and De- 
pendencies 


158 


212 


370 


Other United King- 
dom Territories and 
Dependencies 


4 




4 


4 
















Africa 


2, 899 


8,050 


10, 949 


1,035 


2,273 


3,308 


1,864 


5,777 


7, 641 






Algeria 


109 
3 
70 
11 
426 
5 

39 
97 
11 
263 
542 
344 

6 
21 
36 

1 
14 
10 

4 
23 

1 

1 


18 

14 
193 

62 
507 

28 

3 

81 

118 

27 

413 

1,660 

3,827 

10 

30 

108 

18 
24 


127 
17 

263 
73 

933 
33 

4 
120 

676 

2,202 

4, 171 

16 

51 

144 

2 

32 

34 

4 

65 

6 

8 

1 

50 

19 

1,600 

2 

33 
2 


1 
3 
15 

174 
5 


--- 

37 
62 
160 

28 


17 
52 
73 
334 
33 


108 


18 


126 






Belgian Congo 

Cape Verde Islands__. 


55 


156 


211 


252 


347 


599 






French Equatorial 
Africa 


1 
27 
94 


3 
62 
92 


4 


French Vilest Africa-, _ 
Gold Coast 


12 
3 

117 
5 

171 
6 

8 


19 
26 
27 
94 
.331 
856 
10 
28 
22 


31 

29 

38 

211 

336 

1,027 

16 

49 

30 


89 


Kenva 






146 
537 
173 


319 
1,329 
2,971 


465 


Libya 


1, 866 


Morocco, French 

Morocco, Spanish 


3, 141 


28" 


2 
86 
1 


2 


Nigeria 


114 


Ruanda Urundi 


2 




14 
10 
4 
23 


18 
24 

42" 


32 
34 
4 
65 




Somaliland, (French). 
Southern Rhodesia 














South West Africa 


42 
5 
6 

8 










1 


5 


6 


Tangier 


1 
1 


6 

8 


8 




Tanganyika 








Togoland (British ad- 
ministration) 


1 
25 

816 








Tunisia 


25 

784 
2 

1 

21 

2 


25 

7 

409 


25 

12 

348 


50 


Uganda 








19 


Union of South Africa. 
Zanzibar 


407 


436 
2 


843 
2 


757 


Other Portuguese Ter- 
ritories and Depen- 






1 




Other Spanish Terri- 
tories and Depend- 


1-. 


12 


21 
2 


33 
2 






Other United King- 
dom Territories and | 




















Table 31.— PASSENGERS ARRIVED IN THE UNITED STATES FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES, HY COUNTRY OF 
EMBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957— Coniinued 

[Exclusive of travel over land borders] 





By sea and by air 


By sea 


By air 


Country of ciiiharkation 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Oceania 


26, 231 


24, 622 


50, 853 


12, 358 


5, 101 


17, 459 


13, 873 


19, 521 


33, 394 




16, 220 
1,947 

45 

13 

4, 125 

3, 0(52 

10 

386 
18 
10 

393 


5,678 

1,473 

53 

12 
22 

1,078 

12, 868 

29 

3, 201 
19 
12 


3, 420 
98 

25 

24 

5, 203 

15, 930 

39 

3, 587 
37 
22 

570 


8, 663 
295 
41 


2,414 
130 
46 


11,077 
425 

87 


7,557 

1,652 

4 

13 
1, 369 
2,469 

10 

386 
9 
10 

393 


3, 264 
1,34.3 

12 

8 

512 

10, 982 

29 

3, 162 
13 
12 


10,821 


Fiji 


2. 995 


French Oceania 

Gilbort and Ellice Is- 


25 


Xrw Calr.lonia 

Ni'w ZralaiMl 

Pacili.- Man.l- i T. S. 

u.liiiiiii-iniiinn) ._ 
Sill.. 111..,, l-la,,.l- 


1 
2, 756 

593 


14 
566 

1,886 


15 
3, 322 

2,479 


9 
1, 881 

13, 451 

39 


Wake and Midway 


.. 


39 
6 


39 
15 


3, 548 


Western Samoa 

Yap 

Other United King- 
dom Territories and 
Dependencies 


22 
22 








570 










North America 


316, 191 


637, 537 


953, 728 


53, 868 


84, 255 


138, 123 


262, 323 


553, 282 


815, 605 


Canada 


19, 692 

66 

15,741 

12 

244, 449 


17, 194 
2,208 
15, 925 

44 

557, 119 


36, 886 

2,274 
31, 666 

56 

801, 568 


6,071 

1 
451 


2,025 
"""125' 


8,096 

1 
576 


13, 621 

65 

15, 290 

12 

199,318 


15, 169 
2,208 
15, 800 

44 

486, 024 


28, 790 
2, 273 


Mexico 


31, (190 


St. Pierre and 

Miquelon 

West Indies 


5»i 


45, 131 


71, 095 


116,226 


685, 342 


Bermuda 

British West Indies. 


14, 774 
63, 243 


93, 222 
176, 760 


107, 996 
240, 003 


1, 631 
14, 170 


14, 879 
13, 544 


16,510 

27, 714 


13, 143 
49, 073 


78, 343 
163, 216 


91, 486 
212, 289 


Bahama Islands. _ 

Barbados 

Jamaica 


21,991 
4,648 
18, 629 
13, 146 

4, 679 
29 

121 
143, 248 
10, 795 
1, 592 
4. 254 
1,811 

4, 732 

36, 231 


126,711 
3, 721 
33, 574 
5, 330 

7, 059 
149 

216 
249, 329 
19, 640 
1,500 
10, 100 
1,514 

5, 054 

45, 047 


148, 702 

8, 369 
52, 203 
18, 476 

11,738 
178 

337 
392, 577 
30, 435 
3, 092 
14,354 
3, 325 

9, 786 
81, 278 


624 

1,052 

885 

10, 939 

645 
14 

11 
27, 059 
243 
338 
203 
432 

1,0.55 

2,214 


7,777 

97 

489 

1,871 

3, 133 
15 

162 
38, 909 
489 
678 
1,618 
215 

763 

11, 010 


8,401 
1,149 
1,374 

12, 810 

3, 778 
29 

173 
65, 968 

732 
1, 016 
1, 821 

647 

1,818 

13, 224 


21, 367 
3,596 

17, 744 
2,207 

4,034 
15 

110 
116, 189 
10, 552 
1,254 
4,051 
1. 379 

3, 677 

34,017 


118, 934 
3, 624 

33, 085 

3, 459 

3,926 
134 

54 

210, 420 

19, 151 

822 

8,482 
1, 299 

4, 291 

34, 037 


140,301 
7,220 
50, 829 


Leeward Islands.. 
Trinidad and 

Tobago 

Windward Islands.. 
Other British West 

Indies 


5, 66(> 

7, 960 
149 

164 


Cuba 

Dominican Republic. 

Guadeloupe 

Haiti 


326, 609 
29, 703 
2, 076 
12,5.33 


Martinique 

Netherlands West 
Indies 

Central America 


2, 678 
7. 968 
68, 054 


British Honduras... 
Canal Zone and 

Panama 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 

Honduras 

Nicaragua 


806 

12, 867 

2, 950 
4, 717 
7,748 

3, 486 
3, 657 


621 

28, 965 
2,222 
1,462 
7,176 
2,955 
1,646 


1,427 

41, 832 

5, 172 

6, 179 
14, 924 

6,441 
5,303 


12 

1, 283 
70 
22 
259 
561 


31 

8, 969 

164 

16 

946 

882 

2 


43 

10, 252 

234 

38 

1,205 

1, 443 

9 


794 

11,584 
2,880 
4, 695 
7,489 
2,925 
3,650 


590 

19, 996 
2,058 
1,446 
6,230 
2,073 
1,644 


1,384 

31,580 
4, 938 
(), 141 

13, 719 

4, 998 

5, 294 




























u.E 31.— PASSENGERS ARRIVED IN THE UNITED STATES FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES, BY COUNTRY OF 
EMBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957— Continued 

[Exclusive of travel over land borders] 





By sea and by air 


By sea 


By air 


Country of embarkation 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


South America 


74, 261 


52, 778 


127, 039 


7, 932 


8,350 


16,282 


66, 329 


44, 428 


110, 757 






Argentina 

Bolivia. 


7,076 

436 

17, 743 

527 

4, 793 

9,396 

3, 121 

11 

80 

348 

7,363 

228 

516 

22, 623 


3,815 

331 

8,785 

323 

1,841 

5, 690 

1,518 

11 

18 

178 

5, 459 

102 

242 

24, 465 


10, 891 

767 

26, 528 

850 

6,634 

15, 086 

4, 639 

22 

98 

526 

12, 822 

330 

758 
47, 088 


2,045 

1 

2,254 

16 

418 

283 

142 


1,923 

" 1,''466" 
37 
492 
311 
352 


3,968 
1 
3,720 
53 
910 
594 
494 


5,031 
435 
15, 489 
511 
4,375 
9, 113 
2,979 

80 

348 

7, 145 

226 

507 

20, 079 


1, 892 
_ 331 

''286 
1, 349 
5, 379 
1, 166 

18 

4,885 

102 

242 

21, 270 


6, 923 


Brazil 

British Guiana 

Chile 

Colombia 

Ecuador 

Falkland Islands 


797 

5.724 

14. 492 

4, 145 

22 


French Guiana 








98 


Paraguay 

Peru 

Surinam (Nether- 
lands Guiana) 

Urusuav 

Venezuela 








526 


218 

2 

9 

2,544 


574 
"'3,"i95" 


792 

2 

9 

5, 739 


12, 030 

328 

749 

41, 349 


Flag of carrier: 

United States 

Foreign 


400, 097 
573, 596 


856, 031 
509, 044 


1, 256, 128 
1, 082, 640 


75, 200 
248, 133 


139, 384 
219, 953 


214, 584 
468, 086 


324, 897 

325, 463 


716, 647 
289, 091 


1, 041, 544 
614, 554 



59 



-PASSENGERS DEPARTED FROM THE UNITED STATES TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES, BY COUNTRY 
OF DEBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 

[Exclusive of travel over land borders] 





B 


V sea and by air 


By sea 


By air 


Country of drl)arkatioi> 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


All countries 


574, 608 
239, 609 


1, 402, 107 
572, 406 


1, 976, 715 


207, 783 


372, 234 


580, 017 


366, 825 


1, 029, 873 


1, 396, 698 




812, 015 


131, 004 


238, 546 


369, 550 


108, 605 


333, 860 








Austria 


297 

3,812 
23 


1,240 

9,876 

21 

47 

17, 754 

611 

99, 575 

123, 382 

1,499 

7,586 


1,537 

13, 688 

44 

47 

27, 987 

939 

145, 226 

146, 253 
2,045 

11,200 

1 

2, 962 

27, 332 

77, 100 

9 

240 

3 

48, 668 
16, 086 

28 
19, 397 

13 

2 

21,410 

16, 873 

15, 206 

1, 335 

2, 238 
213, 856 

278 


9 
799 
15 


""'"956" 
6 


9 

1,755 

21 


288 
3, 013 

8 


1,240 

8,920 

15 

47 

1.5, 042 

510 

51,275 

77,711 


1 52.S 


Belgium 




Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 


23 
47 


Denmark 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Gibraltar 


10, 233 
328 
4.5, 651 
22, 871 
546 
3, 614 

993 

4,526 

4 

22, 395 

2 

38 


2, 432 
194 
23, 689 
12, 561 
546 
3,247 


2,712 

101 

48, 300 

45, 671 

1,499 

5, 686 


5, 144 
295 
71,989 
58, 232 
2, 045 
8,933 


7,801 

134 

21, 962 

10, 310 


22, 843 

644 

73, 237 


Greece 


367 

933 

1,688 

4 

4, 079 

2 

38 


1,900 


2, 267 


Iceland 

Ireland . 


1,969 
22, 806 

54, 705 

202 
3 


60 
2, 838 


8,222 


96 
11,060 


1,933 
14, 584 

19, 268 

7 

202 


2, 8ti6 


Isle of Man 


11 


Italy 


18,316 


35, 437 


53, 753 


23, 347 


Luxembourg 

Malta 








240 


r 

9, 694 
5,024 

"3," 600' 


3 

"ii:o34" 

5,487 

3 

2,340 


3 

1 

20, 728 

10,511 

5,940 




Monaco 


18, 351 

6, 986 

5 

5,288 

8 

2 

8,410 

7,376 

4,486 

441 

330 

72, 413 

178 








Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Rumania 


30,317 

9, 100 

23 

14, 109 

5 


8,657 
1,962 

5 
1,688 

8 


19, 283 

3,613 

20 

11,769 

5 


27, 940 
5, 575 

25 
13, 457 

13 


San Marino 


2 

4, 007 
4, 004 


""5:216" 
5, 243 


2 

9. 223 

9, 247 




Spain 

Sweden 

Switzfrlaiid 


13, 000 

9, 497 

10, 720 

894 

1,908 

141, 443 

100 


4, 403 

3, 372 

4, 486 

""""262" 
33, 134 


7,784 
4,254 
10, 720 
16 
988 
82, 747 


12, 1S7 
7, 626 
15, 206 


Tri.-slr 

Tiiik.'N III Ijirupe 

l-.Nl,-.l Kmiidom 


441 

68 

39, 279 

178 


878 

920 

58, 696 

100 


1,319 

988 

97, 975 

278 


16 

1, 250 

115, SSI 


- 








Asia 


36, 942 


88, 925 


125, 867 


15, 945 


35, 008 


50, 953 


20, 997 


53, 917 


74,914 


Adr,, 

Ar-lL'ini-Uiii 


4 


85 

4 

11 

2 

35 

1,688 

11 

2,064 

392 

20 

189 

25 

2,256 

56, 702 

332 

68 

2,021 

58 


89 

6 
13 

2 

40 

1,941 

14 

3, 328 
508 

50 
245 
29 

4, 294 
75, 259 

1, 013 

08 

2,509 

97 

12 

28, 359 

4,978 

1,422 

722 

88 




32 


32 


4 


53 

7 
4 
4 


57 


I'.nnii, \n| Inlands 


2 
2 








2 


(J 


HUMIKI 

Cambodia 


1 

219 
3 

940 
67 
5 
3 

"l,"4i5" 

6,584 

677 


2 

19 

1,557 

11 

1,200 

246 

19 

8 

6 

1,035 

20, 118 

325 


8 

2 

21 

1, 776 

14 

2,140 

313 

24 

11 

6 

2,450 

26, 702 

1,002 


5 


Ceylon 


6 

253 

3 

1,264 

116 

30 

56 

4 

2, 038 

18,557 

681 


3 
34 


16 
131 




China 


165 


Hong Kong 


324 
49 
25 
53 
4 
623 
11,973 
4 


864 

146 

1 

181 

19 

1, 221 

36, 584 

68 
1,232 


1, 1S8 


Indonesia 

Iran 


26 
■^34 




23 


Israel..::::::::::::: 

Japan 


1, S44 
4S 557 


Korea 


11 


Laos 


68 


Lebanon . 


488 
13 

3 

19 

4 

11, 811 

326 

374 

610 


185 
13 


789 
58 


974 
71 


303 


1,535 


Malaya 




Nepal 


3 

16 

4 

6, 160 

237 

367 

563 

8 




7 


New Guinea (Nether- 
lands) 


4 

78 

8 

16,548 

4,652 

1,048 

112 








4 

76 

8 

11,241 

593 

1,042 

8 

68 


7 


Pakistan 


3 


2 


5 


92 


Falrstil,,.. 


12 


H\llkMI 1-I;iimI- 

Saudi' Arabia 

Singapore 

Syria 


5, 651 

47 
3 


5,307 

4,059 

6 

104 


10, 958 

4,148 

13 

151 

12 


17,401 

830 

1, \m 

571 



-PASSENGERS DEPARTED FROM THE UNITED STATES TO FOREIGN CilUNTRIES, BY COUNTRY 
OF DEBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957— Continued 

lExclusivc of travel over land borders] 





B 


V sea and by air 


By sea 


By air 


Couiitrv of (irharkMtion 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Asia — Continued 

Thailand^ 


150 
42 


264 

102 

3 

53 

6 


414 

144 

3 

113 

15 


5 
16 

3 


42 
32 
3 
12 


47 
48 
3 
19 


145 
26 


222 
70 


367 


Turkey in Asia 


96 




60 
9 


53 
6 


41 
6 


94 


Other United King- 
dom Territories and 
Dependencies 


12 


Africa 


1, 537 


10, 505 


12, 042 


819 


4,589 


5,408 


718 


5,916 


6, 634 






\lgeria 


14 
1 
39 
12 
3 

248 

48 
38 
3 
174 
134 
72 

6 
39 


23 

6 

286 

89 

10 

2 

744 

9 

166 

200 

32 

815 

1, 895 

4,562 

3 

49 

220 

1 

11 

28 

1 

23 

6 

2 

10 

21 

1,285 

2 


37 

325 

101 

13 

3 

992 

15 

214 

238 

35 

989 

2, 029 

4, 634 

4 

55 

259 

1 

35 

36 

1 

36 

2 

11 

27 

1,927 

3 

1 
5 








14 

■J 

12 


23 


37 




22" 


6 
162 


6 
184 


1 


Belgian Congo 

Cameroons 


124 
89 


141 
101 


Cape Verde Islands.^ ^ 
Comoro Archipelago. _ 
Egvpt 


3 


10 


13 




107 
--- 

31 


2 

508 

4 

78 

172 


3 


141 
6 
27 

3 
81 

54 
1 
6 

31 


236 
5 

28 
32 
127 
623 
2, 187 
3 
49 
180 


377 

115 
35 
35 
208 
624 
2,241 
4 
55 
211 


615 


Ethiopia " 


4 


French West Africa- 
Gold Coast 

Kenya 


99 
203 


Liberia 


93 
133 

18 


688 
1,272 
2, 375 


781 




1,405 


Morocco, French 

Morocco, Spanish 


2, 393 










8 


40 

1 
11 


48 






Ruanda rninili 


24 
8 








24 


35 


SilTl-l I .■,lllc 


8 
13' 


28 
1 
19 

2 
10 


36 
32 
2 












South Wr.t Afiica 

Swaziland 


13 

1 




4 


4 


Tangier 








Tanganyika 


1 

6 

642 

1 

1 

1 








Tunisia 


6 
230 

1 


21 
498 

2 


27 


Union of South Africa. 
Other French Terri- 
tories and De- 


412 


787 


1, 199 


728 
3 


Other Spanish Terri- 
tories and De- 


1 




' 




Other United King- 
dom Territories 
and Dependencies. - 


4 


1 


4 


5 










Oceania 


21, 026 


20, 552 


41, 578 


6,622 


4, 126 


10, 748 


14, 404 


16, 426 


30, 830 






Australia 

Fiji 


12, 229 

1.865 
53 


6,002 

1,458 

142 

6 

5 

1,233 

8,582 

3, 007 

2 

3 

110 


18,231 

3, 323 
195 

6 
50 

4, 479 

11,381 


4,465 
143 
53 

"i,'39:r 

547 


2,729 

165 

142 

6 

5 

659 

403 


7, 194 

308 

195 

6 

5 

2,052 

950 


7,764 
1,722 


3, 273 
1,293 


11,037 
3,015 
















45 
3,246 

2,799 

426 
9 
27 

5 

322 


45 
1,853 

2, 252 

426 

1 
27 




45 


NewZ,.,l:MHl 

Pacilir l-l:,M,l- . |-. S. 

ailniiiii-n-iiinni 

Wakr aii.l Mnhvav 

Islands 


574 

8, 179 

3, 007 
2 


2,427 
10, 431 
3, 433 


Western Samoa 

Yap 


11 
29 

8 

432 


8 




8 


3 

29 


Other French Terri- 
tories and De- 


5 

8 


3 
14 


8 
22 




Other United King- 
dom Territories 
and Dependencies.. 


314 


96 


410 



Table 32.— PASSENGERS DEPARTED FROM THE UNITED STATES TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES, BY 
OF DEBARKATION: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957— Continued 

(Exclusive of travel over land borders) 


COUNTRY 




By sea and by air 


By sea 


By air 1 


Country of debarkation 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


Aliens 


Citizens 


Total 


North America 


212, 105 


648, 652 


860, 757 


41, 308 


80, 186 


121, 494 


170, 797 


568, 466 


739, 263 




10, 312 

17 

11,833 

3 

165, 444 


8, 263 

1,641 

28,811 

28 

562, 642 


18, 575 

1,658 

40, 644 

31 

728, 086 


6,077 


2,732 


8,809 


4,235 

17 

11,440 

3 

132, 348 


5,531 1 9. 7r,r,l 

1,641 : 1, (i.-.s 1 

28, 591 40. (IMI 1 


Greenland 




393 


220 


613 


St. Pierre and 
Miquelon 


28 
495, 923 


31 
628,271 




33, 096 


66, 719 


99, 815 




Bermuda 


8,639 
45, 393 


95, 374 
173, 493 


104, 013 
218, 886 


2, 651 
11, 437 


17, 044 
10, 266 


19, 695 
21, 703 


5,988 
33, 956 


78, 330 
163, 227 


84, 318' 
197, 183 


British West Indies. 


Bahama Islands.. 

Barlwlos 

Jamaica 

Lerward Islands.. 
Trinidad and 

Tdlia'M, 
Windward l>lands 


16, 843 
2,342 
10, 416 
12,518 

3,203 
10 

61 

95, 675 

7,862 

1, 360 

3,346 

899 

2,270 

24, 496 


124, 205 
4, 109 
33, 381 
5,562 

6, 119 
64 

53 

254, 920 

21, 283 

1,245 

12, 162 

931 

3,234 

47, 267 


141, 048 
6,451 
43, 797 
18, 080 

9,322 
74 

114 

350, 595 

29, 145 

2,605 

15, 508 

1, 830 

5,504 

71, 763 


437 

98 

146 

10, 394 

356 


6, 221 
202 
.347 

2,387 

1,087 


6,658 

300 

493 

12, 781 

1,443 


16, 406 
2,244 

10, 270 
2, 124 

2,847 
10 

55 
78, 406 
7,312 
1, 148 
2,738 
841 

1,959 

22, 754 


117,984 
3, 907 
33, 034 
3, 175 

5,032 
64 

31 
217,570 
20, 906 

1, 197 
11,084 

929 

2, 680 
36, 752 


134, 390 

6, l.-)l 
43. :;(I4 

.5. 299 

7. 8791 

74 

S(i 

295, 97(1 

28.218 

2, 345 

13.822 

1, 770 

4, 639' 

59, 506.1 


OtliiT British West 

Indies 

Cuba 

Dominican Republic 

Guadeloupe 

Haiti 


6 
17, 269 
550 
212 
608 
58 

311 

1,742 


22 

37, .350 
377 

48 

1,078 

2 

554 

10, 515 


28 

54, 619 

927 

260 

1, 686 
60 

865 

12, 257 


Martinique 

Netherlands West 
Indies 


Central America 


British Hondvn-as... 
Canal Zone and 

Panama 

Costa Rica 

El Salvador 

Guatemala 


372 

7, 993 
2, 195 
3,677 
5,250 
2,929 
2,080 


709 

28, 716 
2,796 
2,059 
7,962 
2, 930 
2,095 


1,081 

36, 709 
4,991 
5,736 

1.3,212 
5, 859 
4,175 


102 
918 

80 
182 
409 

14 


146 

8,661 
86 
21 
914 
671 
16 


248 

9, 579 

123 

101 

1,096 

1,080 

30 


270 

7,075 
2, 158 
3,597 
5,068 
2,520 
2,066 


563 

20, 055 
2,710 
2, 038 
7,048 
2, 259 
2, 079 


s:',;? j 
27. l:;n 

4. SCS 

12! 1 Mi 

4. 77',i 
4. 1 1.". 






South America 


63, 389 


61, 067 


124, 456 


12, 085 


9,779 


21, 864 


51, 304 


51, 288 


102. .-.;'■-• 






6,374 

322 

14, 350 

470 

3,638 

8, 182 

2,377 

19 

150 

5,615 

182 

530 

21, 180 


4, 053 

403 

9, 602 

374 

2, 296 

7,224 

1,700 

40 

234 

6,250 

167 

485 

28, 239 


10, 427 

725 

23, 952 

844 

5, 934 

15, 406 

4,077 

59 

384 

11,865 

349 

1,015 

49, 419 


2,668 


1,912 


4,580 


3,706 

.322 

11,422 

456 

2,942 

7,503 

2, 195 

19 

150 

5,337 

179 

372 

16, 701 


2, 141 


5 si: 


Bolivia 


403 72r, 
7,482 ! 18. !Hit 

371 ! Nl-'T 
1,571 4, .".i:! 


Brazil 


2,928 

14 

696 

679 

182 


2, 120 

3 

725 

540 

246 


5,048 

1,421 
1,219 

428 


British Guiana 

Chile 


Colombia 

Ecuador 

French Guiana. 


6,684 1 14, is; 

1,454 ! 3. (it;i 

40 ' .".!• 










234 i 3S4 




278 

3 

158 

4,479 


511 

1 

179 

3,542 


789 

4 

337 

8,021 


5, 739 1 11.076) 


Surinam (Netherlands 
Guiana) 


166 

306 

24, 697 


345 

678 

41, 398 




Venezuela 




Flag of carrier: 






1, 052, 910 
923, 805 


37, 563 
170, 220 


145, 926 
226, 308 


183, 489 
396, 528 


169, 028 
197, 797 


700, 393 


869. 421 


Foreign 


368 017 1 •■i.'iS 7S8 


329, 480 1 527. 277 1 






1 




i « 



Tahie 33.--PASSEINGER TRAVEL BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES, BY PORT 
OF ARRIVAL OR DEPARTURE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 

[Exclusive of travel over international land borders] 



By sea and by air 



Citizens Total 



Bv sea 



Aliens Citizens Total 



By; 



Aliens Citizens Total 



Asa 



Giiam_ 



Md 



Baltininrf, 

Charleston, S. C 

Chirago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Honolulu, T. H 

Key West, Fla 

Los AiiRelcs, ('alif.'_- 

Miami, Fla 

Mobile, Ala 

Newark. X. .J 

New Orleans, La 

New York, N. Y 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Port Everglades, Fla. 
San Francisco, Calif. 

San Juan. P. R 

Seattle. Wash 

Ta.u,.a.Fla 

\ irgin Islands 

Washington, D. C 

West Palm Beach, Fla 
Other ports 



Departed 



Agana, Guam 

Anchorage, Alaska. 
Baltimore, Md_... 

Boston, Mass 

Charleston, S. C. . 



X.' 



WVsl, Fla.... 
Angeles, Calif.' 

mi, Fla 

Mle, Ala 

ark, X. J 

Orleans, La.. 



973, ( 



8, f)53 
4,225 
1, 297 

17, 864 

1, 128 

1, 587 

4, 763 

55, 305 

22, 325 

15, 888 

08, 527 

444 

10, 507 

16,227 

539, 67C 

4, 296 

9, 682 
10, 782 
37, 914 

7, 390 
4, 777 

12, 362 
1,547 

8, 049 
8,478 



574, 608 



x.-u ^..,■k. X. Y 

I'liil;i.l-I|iliia. Pa 

Pnri i;v.-rglades, Fla.. 
Sail Francisco, Calif.. 

Siui .luan, P. R 

SiMitle, Wash 

T:iiii|)a, Fla 

Vii-in Islands 

Washington, D. C 

^\ i-t Palm Beach, Fla 
Oth.-r ports 



365, 075 



2, 338, 768 



323, 333 



359, 337 



682, 670 



650, 360 



1, 005, 738 



14, 206 

1, 389 
2,327 

34, 261 
4, 649 

2, 313 
8, 688 

67, 761 
52, 440 

10, 510 
301, 808 

2,904 
21,297 
30, 568 
651, 232 
20, 375 
20, 605 
13, 862 
38, 905 

11, 153 
7,524 

3, 816 
8,537 

25, 176 
8, 769 



22, 859 
5, 614 
3, 624 
52, 125 
5,777 
3, 900 
13, 451 
123, 066 
74, 765 
26, 398 
470, 335 
3, 348 
31, 804 
46, 795 
190, 908 
24, 671 
30, 287 
24, 644 
76, 819 
18, 543 
12, 301 
16, 178 
10, 084 
33, 225 
17,247 



7 

1, 122 

2,043 

283 

1 

1 

17,352 

11,363 

8, 273 

6,617 

435 



1, 375 


1,575 


649 



4 

10, 231 
14,218 

2,551 
2.5, 371 

2, 901 



6,025 

2, 497 

3, 618 
932 

1 
5 
27, 583 
25, 581 
10, 824 
31, 988 
3, 336 



1,661 
224, 909 

948 
8, 113 
8,943 
8,570 
2, 930 

281 
11,422 

190 

261 
4,410 



3, 892 
260, 337 

797 
2, 308 
13, 227 

4, 403 
6, 699 

181 

2, 691 

2 

854 
2,244 



5, 553 

485, 246 

1, 745 

10, 421 

22, 170 

12, 973 

9,629 

462 

14, 113 

192 

1, 115 

6,654 



5,455 

4,218 

175 

15, 821 

845 

1,586 

4, 762 

37, 953 

10, 962 

7, 615 

161,910 

9 

10, 507 

14, 566 

314, 767 

3, 348 

1,569 

1,839 

29, 344 

4,460 

4,496 

940 

1, 357 

7, 788 

4,068 



11,379 

1, 389 

952 

32, 686 
4,000 
2,313 
8, 684 

57, 530 

38, 222 

7, 959 

276, 437 

3 

21,297 

26, 676 
390, 895 

19, 578 

18, 297 
635 

34, 502 
4,454 
7,343 
1, 125 
8,535 

24, 322 
6,525 



402, 107 



'15 



207, 783 



372, 234 



580,017 



, 029, 873 



16, 579 

L287 
37, 942 

2, 302 

3, 224 
8, 935 

48, 796 
52, 756 

17, 108 
318, 601 

278 

12,016 

30, 433 

694, 237 

14, 579 

18, 685 

19, 163 
39, 328 
14, 700 

5, 847 

6, 150 
5,315 

24, 623 
3, 234 



28, 832 
9,567 
1, 551 

47, 074 
2,861 

4, 256 
9, 792 

86, 642 
73, 821 

29, 983 
439, 267 

378 

12, 964 

42, 373 

968, 204 

15,712 

25, 892 

26, 130 
63, 666 
16, 778 

9, 346 
20, 003 

5, 648 
28, 990 

6,985 



2,027 



6,644 



232 

1,481 
45 
2 

10," 106' 
11,929 
5,469 
5,058 
100 



949 

2, 937 
138 

22 

"4,"925 
16, 408 

3, 623 
21, 327 

278 



1, 181 

4,418 

183 

24 

15," 031' 
28, 337 
9,092 
26, 385 
378 



3,578 

32 

7,651 

514 

1,030 

857 

27, 740 

9, 136 

7,406 

115, 608 



14, 552 

5,989 

338 

35, 005 

2, 164 

3, 202 
8, 935 

43, 871 

36, 348 
13, 485 

297, 274 



1, 429 

35, 124 

215 

5, 892 

6,961 

3, 352 

1, 434 

61 

10, 803 

5 

163 

3, 305 



4,670 

274, 621 

247 

1,401 

19, 140 

767 

12. 156 

48 

2,810 

6 

1, 063 



6,099 

409, 745 

462 

7, 293 

26, 101 

4, 119 

13, 590 

109 

13, 613 

11 

1,226 

5,976 



12,016 

25, 763 

419,616 

14, 332 

17, 284 

23 

38, 561 

2,544 

5, 799 

3, 340 

5, 309 

23, 560 

563 



vel for San Pedro, Calif. 



Table 34.— PASSENGER TRAVEL BY AIR AND BY SEA BETWEEN PUERTO RICO AND CONTINENTAL UNITED 
STATES (MAINLAND) AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 



1948 


1949 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


2, 492 
180 


3,881 
115 


4, 195 
102 


(') 
121 


(') 
316 


(') 
(') 


(') 
(') 


(') 
(') 


8,285 


69, 772 
5,611 


78, 105 
3, 490 


(') 
2, 897 


(') 
4,819 


(') 
(') 


(') 
(') 


(') 
(') 


582 
2 


747 


690 
6 


836 
14 


1, 119 
14 


1, 393 


1, 154 
86 


1.398 
51 


16, 868 
989 


21, 277 
970 


21, 966 
I, 199 


25, 656 

1,982 


35, 187 
2,369 


37, 244 
1, 119 


39, 051 
3,399 


40, 240 
1, 715 


1,511 
187 


2, 760 
133 


5, 251 
100 


6, 459 
69 


9, 475 
153 


12, 697 
107 


12, 535 
80 


14, 484 
66 


86, 654 

8,241 


105, 368 
5, 179 


114,206 
3, 301 


141, 659 
2,362 


194, 587 
3, 093 


224, 946 
2,896 


233, 431 
2,228 


227, 932 
1,878 


491 


657 
3 


e2. 


750 
3 


1, 001 
16 


1, 393 
50 


1,098 


1, 379 
6 


16, 244 
868 


20, 553 
1,084 


21, 705 
1,669 


24, 330 
1,944 


33, 889 
2, 198 


36, 567 
4,561 


38, 685 
1,713 


42, 412 



Arrived in Puerto Rico 
from mainland: 
Aliens: 

By air 

By sea 

Citizens: 

By air 

By sea 

Arrived in Puerto Rico 
from Virgin Island.s: 
Aliens: 

Bvair 

Bvsea 

Citizens: 

By air 

By sea 

Departed from Puerto 
Rico to mainland: 
Aliens: 

Bv air 

Bv sea 

Citizens: 

By air 

Departed from Puerto 
Rico to Virgin Islands 
Aliens: 

Bvair 

By sea 

Citizens: 

Bv air 

Bj' sea 

' Figures not available. 



12, 104 
335 



348, 639 
16, 795 



97, 424 
1,025 



, 921, 048 
31, 580 



351, 744 
17, 239 



1, 7401 2, 

76| 

49,316 61, 



14, 721 



1, 447 2, 

lo! 



35.— PASSENGER TRAVEL BY AIR 
(MAINLAND) AND INSULAR OR 



AND SEA HETWEEN HAWAII AND CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 
OUTLYING POSSESSIONS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 



Class of travel 


1948-57 


1948 


1949 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Arrived in Hawaii from 
























luainlaud: 
























Aliens: 
























Bvair 


1, 343 


1,343 


(') 


(=) 


(=) 


0) 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


By sea 


3,927 


440 


347 


426 


536 


608 


564 


560 


446 


(') 


(■) 


Citizens: 
























Bvair 


95, 826 


31, 201 


(') 


2 33, 655 


2 30, 970 


(■) 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


(') 


By sea 


152, 951 


17, 896 


15, 866 


15, 436 


22, 757 


21, 994 


20, 714 


21,577 


16,711 


(') 


(') 


Arrived in Hawaii from 
























insulars: 
Aliens: 

Bvair 
























4, 423 


228 


253 


285 


174 


426 


2, 160 


182 


205 


147 


363 




429 


63 


16 


22 


17 


6 


54 


42 


14 


121 


74 


Citizens: 
























Bvair 


54, 567 


6,976 


6, 484 


6, 214 


5, 476 


7,285 


8, 613 


4, 191 


4,054 


2, 617 


2,657 


By sea 


14, 081 


577 


389 


472 


458 


365 


2,579 


4,872 


1,868 


696 


1,805 


Departed from Hawaii 
























to mainland: 
























Aliens: 
























Bvair 


141, 836 


2, 112 


2,865 


3, 800 


6,943 


12, 000 


3 6, 184 


24, 943 


18, 402 


26, 893 


37, 694 


By sea 


9,936 


383 


321 


403 


503 


608 


602 


632 


1,382 


1, 104 


3,998 


Citizens: 
























By air 


899, 991 


48, 390 


48, 169 


49, 572 


63, 813 


79, 415 


3 47, 232 


86, 679 


126, 105 


160, 684 


189, 932 


By sea 


200, 917 


21, 255 


22, 423 


20, 831 


19, 064 


23, 803 


23, 810 


22, 993 


17, 661 


8, 030 


21, 047 


Departed from Hawaii 
























to insnlars: 
























Aliens: 
























Bvair 


4,520 


235 


132 


134 


131 


137 


313 


178 


122 


550 


2,588 


Bvsea 


169 


61 




8 


1 


1 


1 


7 


7 


65 


11 


Citizens: 
























Bvair 


48, 553 


5, 932 


2, 965 


3,698 


4, 237 


4,607 


8, 156 


2,539 


2,958 


5,084 


8, 377 


Bvsea 


3, 089 


396 


597 


234 


293 


334 


373 


416 


104 


335 


*" 



"Figures not available. 

i Figures of arrivals in Hawaii from mainland by air i 
I Incomplete reports. 



3 and 1951 include both i 



A separate breakdown is r 



ALIENS WHO REPORTED UNDER THE ALIEN ADDRESS PROGRAM, HY SELECTED 
NATIONALITIES AND STATES OF RESIDENCE: DURING 1957 



State of reside 



All 
nation- 
alities 



Ger- 
many 



Great 
Britain 

and 
Canada 



Italy 



Total 

Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minni's„ta 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee __ 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermon t 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

r. S. territories and 

Alaska 

Guam 

Hawaii 

Puerto Rico 

Virgin Islands 



2, 833, 732 



543, 484 



52, 887 



6,341 



40, 965 



470, 41 1 



3, 818 

30, 421 

2,218 

475, 829 

19, 557 
79, 919 

6,009 
16, 550 
71,981 

7, 157 

4,257 
186, 009 
28, 412 
11,548 
10, 485 

4,878 
11,973 

18, 935 
28, 006 

129, 449 
166,065 
23, 613 

2, 108 

20, 499 
5,626 
8,532 

3, 780 

10, 443 
146, 392 

11, 668 
550, 097 

5,656 

3, 095 
113, 583 

5,485 

19, 648 
128, 368 

18, 454 
3,046 
2, 417 

4, 663 
232, 551 

12, 209 
7,472 

13, 501 
50, 400 

6, 803 
34, 008 
2,557 



2,263 
8,993 
54, 976 



1,000 

766 

452 

23, 629 

3, 374 

5,630 

756 

1, 342 
3,537 
1,949 

443 
25, 914 
3, 952 

2, 610 
2,010 
1, 330 
1,050 

446 
3,993 
5, 415 
14, 104 

3, 366 
295 

3, 796 
675 



469 
20, 641 

582 

57, 697 

1,041 

503 
16, 850 
1,093 
1.793 
14, 841 

676 

642 

553 

720 
4,566 
2, 573 

244 
2, 434 
3,959 

454 
9, 746 

240 



1, 139 

3, 167 
477 

94, 434 
2,609 

17,015 
1,342 
2,937 

34, 149 
1,936 
1,222 

19, 722 
4,744 
1,992 
1, 834 

1, 167 
2,070 

15, 221 

4, 884 
38, 486 
63, 245 

4,950 
484 

3, 206 

2, 146 
1,012 

942 

6, 028 

20, 194 
856 

89, 806 
1,618 
1,067 

16, 406 
1,208 

7, 775 
15, 242 

4, 990 
1,018 

532 
1,373 
7,004 
2,540 

5, 803 

3, 682 
20, 456 

830 

3, 725 

416 



864 
38 
848 
356 
2,277 



187 
111 
45 

4,001 
406 

1, 238 
139 
625 
638 



5,504 

1, 159 
294 

67 

91 

125 

165 

1,040 

4,835 

3,216 

246 

67 

480 

85 

109 

101 

649 

2,411 

83 

13, 971 

528 

26 

3, 117 

113 

298 

2, 634 
226 
218 

30 
133 
469 
473 

38 
478 
707 
366 
418 
151 



175 

125 

18, 471 

1, 153 

18, 331 

418 

1,278 

1, 496 

152 

78 

13, 850 

730 

406 

160 

146 

1, 699 
375 

2,875 
17, 393 

9,647 
295 
140 

2, 185 
140 
193 
311 
174 

26, 919 

143 

92, 862 

92 

16 

11, 190 

75 

662 

20, 817 

3,942 

74 

24 

326 

911 

297 

190 

352 

1,540 

1,231 

1, 282 

90 



136 

88 

5, 057 

666 

13, 108 

847 

450 

829 

189 

42 

26, 390 

2,852 



140 

210 

315 

2,541 

12, 635 

20, 622 

1,327 

20 

1,485 



26 

922 

18, 401 

52 

47, 932 

121 

94 

12, 761 

117 

273 

14,319 

1,454 

56 

42 

146 

587 

33 

270 

356 

769 



21 

134 
24 

9,248 

1, 071 

2, 639 

61 

567 

607 

84 

49 

7, 292 

762 

330 

234 

51 

42 

311 

1,587 

5, 597 

4, 639 

703 

17 

855 

178 

500 

17 

294 

7, 967 

26 

29, 761 

55 

195 

2, 170 

67 
569 

3, 908 
458 



35 
373 
103 
14, 232 
150 
319 

44 
998 
144 
102 

48 
1,947 
268 
103 
116 

70 
141 

17 
376 
1,316 
652 
248 
218 
252 

64 

43 

56 

29 
927 

55 

10, 800 

102 

14 
549 
103 
495 
969 
175 

48 

26 



53 

23, 653 

172 

70, 709 

3, 926 
104 

15 

252 

1, 191 

78 

245 

22, 773 

4, 419 
667 

3,012 
65 
662 
29 
115 
173 
5,566 
667 



358 

1, 156 

655 

15 

292 

8, 938 

22, 55 

41 

34 

1,549 

846 

502 

720 

18 

14 



66 



UECLAKATIONS OF INTENTION FILED. PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION FFLEl). 
PERSONS NATURALIZED: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1907-19S7 



Period 


Decliirations 
filed 


Petitions 
filed 


Persons naturalized 




Civilian 


Military 


Total 


1907-57 __ 


8, 487, 260 


7, 881, 202 


.6,858,011 


508, 083 


7, 366, 094 


lil07-10 


526, 322 


164, 036 


111,738 




111,738 








lilll-20 


2, 686, 909 


1, 381, 384 


884, 672 


244, 300 


1, 128, 972 


lilll 


189, 249 

182! 095 
214, 104 
247, 958 
209, 204 
440, 651 
342, 283 
391, 156 
299, 076 


74, 740 
95, 661 
95, 380 
124, 475 
106, 399 
108, 767 
130, 865 
169, 507 
256, 858 
218, 732 


56, 683 
70, 310 
83, 561 
104, 145 
91, 848 

87, 831 

88, 104 
87, 456 

89, 023 
125,711 




56, 683 
70 310 


1912 




1913 




1914 




104 145 


1915 




9l' 848 


1916 


87, 831 


1917 


1918 


63, 993 
128, 335 
51,972 


151 449 


1919 


217, 358 


1920 ... . . _.. . 






1921-30 


2, 709, 014 


1, 884, 277 


1, 716, 979 


56, 206 


1, 773, 185 


1921 

1922 


303, 904 
273,511 
296, 636 
424, 540 
277,218 
277, 539 
258, 295 
254, 588 
280, 645 
62, 138 


195, 534 
162, 638 
165, 168 
177, 117 
162, 258 
172, 232 
240, 339 
240,321 
255, 519 
113, 151 


163, 656 
160, 979 
137, 975 
140, 340 
152, 457 
146, 239 
195, 493 
228, 006 
224, 197 
167, 637 


17, 636 
9,468 
7, 109 

10, 170 


181, 292 
170, 447 
145, 084 


1923 


1924 


1925 


152 457 


1926 


92 

4,311 

5, 149 

531 

1, 740 


146, .331 


1927 


1928 




1929 


224 728 


1930 








1931-40 


1, 369, 479 


1, 637, 113 


1, 498, 573 


19, 891 


1, 518, 464 




106, 272 
101, 345 
83, 046 
108, 079 
136, 524 
148, 118 
176, 195 
150, 673 
155, 691 
203, 536 


145, 474 
131, 062 
112, 629 
117, 125 
131, 378 
167, 127 
165, 464 
175,413 
213,413 
278, 028 


140,271 
136, 598 
112,368 
110,867 
118,945 
140, 784 
162, 923 
158, 142 
185, 175 
232, 500 


3,224 

2 

995 

2,802 


143, 495 
136, 600 
113,363 
113, 669 
118,945" 
141,265 


1932 


1933 


1934 


1935. ._. . . 


1936 


481 
2,053 
3,936 
3, 638 
2,760 


1937 


1938 . . . 




1939 

1940 


188, 813 
235 260 






1941-50 


920, 284 


1, 938, 066 


1, 837, 229 


149, 799 


1 987 028 


1941 




224, 123 
221, 796 
115, 664 
42, 368 
31, 195 
28, 787 
37, 771 
60, 187 
64, 866 
93, 527 


277, 807 
343, 487 
377, 125 
325, 717 
195, 917 
123, 864 
88, 802 
68, 265 
71, 044 
66, 038 


275, 747 
268, 762 
281, 459 
392, 766 
208, 707 
134, 849 
77, 442 
69, 080 
64, 138 
64, 279 


1,547 
1, 602 
37, 474 
49, 213 
22, 695 
15,213 
16, 462 
1,070 
2,456 
2,067 


277, 294 


1942 . ._ 


1943 J-i.^. 

1944 


318, 933 
441 979 


1945 




1946 


150 062 


1947 


93 904 


1948 




1949 . . _ . 




1950 


66 346 


lii.'il 




91, 497 
111,461 
23, 558 
9, 100 
10, 855 
12, 870 
15,911 


61, 634 
94, 086 
98, 128 
130, 722 
213, 508 
137, 701 
140, 547 


53, 741 
87, 070 
90, 476 
104, 086 
197, 568 
138, 681 
137, 198 


975 
1,585 
1,575 
13, 745 
11,958 
7,204 
845 


54, 716 
88, 655 
92 051 




I'l'i'! 




117,831 
209, 526 
145 885 




ii,-,j 


l'i"i7 


138, 043 





Table 38.— PERSONS NATURALIZED BY GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS AND 
COUNTRY OR REGION OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 



[See also Table 47 for detailed figures by naturalization provisionsj 








Total 
number 


Persons naturalized 


County or region of former allegiance 


Under 

general 

naturalization 

provisions 


Married 
to U. S. 
citizens 


Children 
of U. S. 
citizen 
parents 


Military 


Other 




138, 043 


114, 827 


18,212 


3,779 


845 


380 






Eurone 


107, 358 


91, 366 


12, 975 


2,534 


355 


128 








2,319 

653 
13,210 

209 
2, 739 

777 
1,432 

460 

2, 357 
17, 445 

4,791 
3,924 

3, 624 
9,056 
4,482 
2,391 
2,060 
1,288 

16, 582 

981 

1, 586 

664 

905 

837 

6,993 

4,647 

946 


1,776 

528 

10,732 

192 

2, 555 

672 

1,357 

397 

1,747 

11,568 

4,063 

3,763 

3,369 

6,691 

4, 319 

2,316 

1,809 

1, 153 

16,032 

742 

1,509 

474 

795 

739 

6,818 

4,448 

802 


471 

105 

2,231 

11 

143 

91 

30 

56 

536 

4,575 

664 

118 

128 

2, 120 

42 

214 
111 
400 
118 
62 
173 
83 
85 
105 
140 
132 


65 
19 
162 

4 
16 

6 

61 
1,230 
48 
27 
110 
211 
100 
35 
30 
16 
78 
118 
9 
12 
19 
11 
51 
45 
10 


6 

65 
2 

25 
4 

8 

10 
49 
12 
10 
13 
16 
19 
8 
5 
6 
56 

i 


J 


Belgium _ 




British Empire 


20 


Bulgaria 








Denmark 


4 


Estonia 




Finland 


, 








23 










Ireland 


4 


Italv 


18 


Latvia 

Lithuania 


2 

1 


Netherlands 


2 




2 


Poland 


16 




2 






Spain 


3 


Sweden 


3 




2 


U. S. S. R 

Yugoslavia 


11 

■t 


8 
2 


Other Europe 








Asia 


7,548 


4,220 


2, 396 


559 


214 


159 






China' 


1,491 
80 
405 
2,861 
246 
74 
1,695 
138 
558 


1,152 
49 
254 
1, 181 
182 
52 
871 
112 
367 


178 
25 

136 

1,436 

62 

16 

349 
25 

169 


99 

6 

14 

196 

3 

224 


51 


U 


India . 




Israel 




J 




5 


43 




1 


Palestine 


3 

152 

1 
2 






99 






Other Asia ^ 


16 


4 








18, 942 


15, 802 


2,273 


580 


226 


61 






Canada 


10, 891 
5, 541 
1, 628 

882 


8,882 

4,989 

1,323 

608 


1,485 
378 
241 
169 


385 
92 
51 
52 


107 
73 
12 
34 


32 


Mexico 


9 


West Indies... 


1 


Central America ^ 


19 








926 

210 

3, 059 


692 

139 

2,608 


172 
66 
330 


43 

4 
59 


13 
36 


6 


Africa 2 






26 







I Includes Formosa. 



'■ Independent countries. 



T4RI.E 39.— PERSONS NATURALIZED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 



Country or region of 
former allegiance 



Total 
1948-57 



952 1953 



1955 1956 1957 



All countries — 

Europe 

Albania 

Aus^tria 

Belgium 

British Empire 

Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia 

Danzig 

Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Luxembourg 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland"- 

Portugal 

Rumania 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

Turkey 

U. S. S. R 

Yugoslavia 

Other Europe 

Asia 

China 

India 

Iran 

Israel ■ 

Japan 

Korea 

Lebanon - 

Pakistan 

Palestine 

Philippines 

Syria 

Other Asia' 

North America 

Canada 

Mexico 

West Indies 

Central America ' 

Sciuth America' 

Afrira' 

AiKiralia* 

r, S. possessions 

Staii-lt'ss and miscella- 



1, 049, 797 



55, 538 



50, i 



40, 921 



B, 373 



83, 298 



155, 560 



10, 586 



144, 028 

1,022 

24,2 

325 

6,695 

6, 130 

5, 198 

20, 498 

114,498 

23, 558 

19, 967 

33, 222 

97, 602 

14, 345 

16,019 

653 

14, 620 

11,272 

99, 378 

12,312 

9,854 

6,903 

10, 629 

6,481 

4, 560 

42, 605 

19,079 



95 

1,285 

400 

12, 361 

92 

1,459 

55 

446 

63 

574 

1,000 

7,486 

1,683 

1,271 

1, 146 

9, 452 

194 

771 

40 

811 

919 

5, 136 

1,011 

832 

749 

1, 

493 

481 

3, 143 

858 

33 



1, 194 

612 

13, 284 

65 

1.284 



104 

1, 

5,777 

1, 

1,036 

1,370 

8,301 
165 
601 
42 
836 
912 

4,371 
971 
632 
676 

1,044 
464 
436 

2, 752 



29 



65 

1, 192 

654 

12, 829 

59 

1,276 

24 

515 

139 

437 

1,867 

6,065 

1,667 

850 

1,451 

8, 743 



42 
872 
879 

3,793 

1, 
523 
614 
879 
373 
352 

2, 122 
770 
52 



42 

1, 154 

563 

10, 867 

46 

953 

28 

355 

101 

334 

1, 641 

5,439 

1,313 

703 

1, 

5,975 
127 
320 
37 



2, 183 

694 

14, 993 

80 

2,091 

41 

544 

162 

522 

2,043 

13, 538 

1,707 

1,319 

2, ' 

9,720 

263 

59 

52 

987 

855 

5, 



415 
348 
2,851 
944 
72 



2,075 

657 

13, 345 

80 

2,376 

32 

603 

175 

468 

2,029 

12, 997 

1,830 

1,340 

2,871 

9, 752 

327 

703 

70 

1, 187 

965 

6,963 

1, 195 
624 
565 
930 
539 
379 

2, 684 
925 

76 



147 

2, 191 

772 

16, 565 

99 

2,969 

31 

791 

335 

523 

2, 177 

11,679 

2, 

1,719 

5,324 

10, 926 

556 

1,264 

65 

1,979 

1,426 

8,542 

1, 457 

772 

815 

1,272 

669 

467 

3,832 

1,241 

99 



236 
3,067 

1, 112 
22, 974 

149 
5, 

40 
1,226 
1,773 

872 
3,320 
17, 842 
3,785 
4,292 
9, 116 
16, 128 
3,057 
5,324 

128 

2, 979 
2,024 

27, 777 
2,502 
2,231 
1, 152 
1,835 
1,453 
762 
8,627 



117 

2,332 

719 

13, 600 

143 

3, 174 

19 



519 
2,406 

16, 230 
2,550 
3,513 
4,832 
9,549 
4, "" 
3,572 

78 
2,229 
1,344 

17, 256 
1,240 
1,626 

661 

1,056 

939 

552 

7,77 



145 



74, 727 



7,201 



3,749 



12, 170 



10, 412 



14, 524 
550 

1, 025 
1,724 

22, 244 

870 

1,936 

184 

1,476 

26, 251 

2, 191 
1,752 



102 

5,768 

400 



5 

100 

3,478 

303 

45 



903 
48 
53 
33 
24 
3 

133 
14 

101 
3, 257 

192 
41 



1 
135 
14 

94 

1, 595 

119 

47 



933 
35 
96 

128 
40 
2 

204 
16 

153 
1,813 



1,056 
47 
93 
177 
674 
46 
194 
16 
214 
2,040 
172 
237 



55 
139 
177 
6,750 
243 
282 

20 

1,' 



3, 527 
116 
163 
279 

7,593 
295 
415 
53 
213 

2, 

359 



2,330 
69 
159 
466 

4,231 
155 
327 
21 
122 

2,056 
192 
284 



154, 945 



670 



8,563 



9,279 



14, 044 



14,915 



19, 45 



32, 173 



21, 363 



94,911 
40, 013 
12, 520 
7,501 



3,860 

1,895 

642 

273 



5,347 

2,227 

614 

375 



5,872 
1, ' 



10, 004 

2,496 

942 

602 



10, 303 

2,728 

1, 153 

731 



13, 062 

3,710 

1,738 

94 



18, 151 
10, 166 
2,371 

1,485 



11, 539 
6, 958 
1,708 
1, 158 



6,748 

1,281 

2,823 

682 

15, 045 



508 



127 
394 
97 

1,473 



1,299 
236 
620 
170 

3,468 



971 
177 
451 
184 

1,741 



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71 



-PERSONS NATURALIZED AND PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION DENIED: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1907-1957 



Period 


Total 


Persons 
naturalized 


Petitions 
denied 


Percent 
denied . 




7, 799, 016 


7, 366, 094 


432, 922 


5. 6 




1907 10 


129, 440 


HI, 738 


17, 702 


13.7 




1911-20 .-.._- -. .- 


1, 247, 697 


1, 128, 972 


118,725 


9.5 




1921-30 - 


1, 938, 678 


1, 773, 185 


165, 493 


8.5 




1921 - - - - -__._..__ 


200, 273 
199, 523 
169, 968 
168, 834 
168, 070 
159, 605 
211,750 
245, 634 
236, 576 
178, 445 


181,292 
170, 447 

145, 084 
150, 510 
152, 457 

146, 331 
199, 804 
233, 155 
224, 728 
169, 377 


18, 981 
29, 076 
24, 884 
18, 324 
15, 613 
13, 274 
11,946 
12, 479 
11,848 
9,068 


9.5 
14.6 
14.6 
10. 9 
9.3 
8.3 
5.6 
5. 1 
5.0 
5. 1 


1922 


1923 -- 




1925 


1926 


1927 


1928 - - 


1929 


1930 




1931-40 


1, 564, 256 


1, 518, 464 


45, 792 


2. 9 




1931 


151, 009 
142, 078 
118, 066 
114,802 
121, 710 
144, 389 
169, 018 
166, 932 
194, 443 
241, 809 


143, 495 
136, 600 
113,363 
113,669 
118, 945 
141,265 
164, 976 
162, 078 
188, 813 
235, 260 


7,514 
5,478 
4,703 
1, 133 
2,765 
3, 124 
4,042 
4,854 

5, 630 

6, 549 


5.0 

3. 9 

4. 
1.0 
2.3 
2. 2 
2. 4i 
2.9 
2.9 
2. T 




1933 


1934 




1936 


1937 


1938 


1939 


1940 






2, 051, 842 


1, 987, 028 


64, 814 


3.2 




1941 


285, 063 
278, 712 
332, 589 
449, 276 
241, 184 
156, 637 
97, 857 
73, 037 
68, 865 
68, 622 


277, 294 
270, 364 
318, 933 
441, 979 
231,402 
150, 062 
93, 904 
70, 150 
66, 594 
66, 346 


7,769 

8, 348 
13, 656 

7,297 

9, 782 
6,575 
3, 953 
2,887 
2,271 
2,276 


2. 7 
3.0 
4. 1 
1. fi 
4. 1 
4.2 
4. 0, 
4. 
3.3 
3.3 


1942 


1943 

1944 


1945 

1946 

1947 


1948 

1949 __ _ 


1950 


1951 

1952 

1953 

1954 

1955 . _ _ _ 


57,111 
90, 818 
94, 351 
119,915 
214, 097 
149, 820 
140, 991 


54, 716 
88, 655 
92, 051 
117, 831 
209, 526 
145, 885 
138, 043 


2,395 
2, 163 
2,300 
2,084 
4,571 
3,935 
2,948 


4.2 
2.4 
2. 4 

1. 7 

2. l! 
2.6 
2. 1 


1956 

1957 






r2 









1 ^m^ 12.— PERSONS NATURALIZED, BY SEX AND MARITAL STATUS, WITH COMPARATIVE PERCENT OF 
TOTAL: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1949-1957 


Sex and marital status 


1949 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 




Number 


66, 594 


66, 346 


54, 716 


88, 655 


92, 051 


117,831 


209, 526 


145, 885 


138, 043 


Single 


9,623 

50, 723 

4,604 

1,644 


8,489 

52, 025 

4,218 

1,614 


5,859 

44, 333 

3, 262 

1,262 


8,821 

72, 578 

5,450 

1,806 


12, 127 

72, 147 

i;891 


27, 701 
79, 034 
8,630 
2,466 


39, 698 

151,303 

14, 470 

4,055 


28, 243 

106, 398 

8,437 

2,807 


25, 846 

102, 408 

6, 962 

2,827 




Widowed _ . 


Divorced 


ilale 


27, 865 


25, 745 


18, 711 


28, 597 


34, 657 


54, 477 


95, 850 


64, 962 


60, 289 


Single 


6, 142 

19, 833 

1,089 

801 


.5, 710 

18, 345 

921 

769 


3,489 

14, 100 

615 

507 


5,276 

21, 791 

896 

634 


7,253 

25, 777 

926 

701 


19. 909 

32, 061 

1, 608 

899 


25, 548 

65, 683 

3,070 

1,549 


18, 159 

43, 877 

1,825 

1, 101 


14, 972 

42, 833 

1,391 

1,093 


Married' 


Widowed 


Divorced 


i'emale 


38, 729 


40, 601 


36, 005 


60, 058 


57, 394 


63, 354 


11.3,676 


80, 923 


77, 754 


Single 


3,481 

30, 890 

3,515 

843 


2, 779 

33, 680 

3,297 

845 


2, 370 

30, 233 

2, 647 

755 


3,545 

50, 787 

4, 554 

1, 172 


4,874 

46, 370 

4, 960 

1, 190 


7, 792 

46, 973 

7, 022 

1,567 


14, 150 
85, 620 
11,400 
2, 506 


10, 084 

62, 521 

6,612 

1 706 


10, 874 
59, 575 

5,571 

1 7^.1 


Married 




Divorced - _ 


5oth sexes 

Single 




Percent of total 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100. 


100. 


100. 


100.0 


100.0 


14. 4 
76.2 
6.9 
2.5 

4L8 


12.8 
78.4 
6.4 

2.4 

38.8 


10.7 
81.0 
6.0 
2.3 


10.0 
81.9 
6. 1 
2.0 


13.2 
78. 4 
6. 4 
2.0 


23.5 
67. 1 
7.3 
2. 1 


19.0 

72. 2 

6.9 

1.9 


19. 4 
72.9 
5.8 
1. 9 


18.8 
74.2 
5. 
2. 


Married 


Widowed __ 


Divorced 


Hale - 


34.2 


32.3 


37.6 


46. 2 


45.7 


44.5 


43.7 


Single 


9.2 

29.8 

L6 

1.2 

58.2 


8.6 

27.7 

1. 4 

1. 1 

6L2 


6.4 

25.8 

1. 1 

0.9 

65.8 


6.0 

24.6 

1. 

0.7 

67. 7 


7.9 

28.0 

1.0 

0.7 

62.4 


16.9 

27. 2 

1.3 

0.8 

53.8 


12.2 

31. 3 

1.5 

0.7 

54.3 


12. 5 

30.0 

1.3 

0.7 

55.5 


10.9 

31.0 

1. 

0. 8 

56.3 


Married 

Widowed 


Divorced 






■ Siimle 

.M:irried 


5.2 

46.4 

5.3 

1.3 


4.2 

50.7 

5. 

1.3 


4.3 

55.2 

4.9 

L4 


4.0 

57.3 

5. 1 

L3 


5.3 

50.4 

5.4 

1.3 


6.6 

39. 9 

6.0 

1.3 


6. 8 

40. 9 

5.4 

1.2 


6.9 

42.9 

4. 5 

1. 2 


7. 9 

4.3.2 

4. 

1.2 




Divorced 










73 















Table 43.— PERSONS NATURALIZED, B\ 


SEX AND AGE: 


YEARS 


ENDED 


JUNE 30 


1949-195 


7 


Sex and age 


1949 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 




66, 594 


66, 346 


54, 716 


88, 655 


92, 051 


117, 831 


209, 526 


145, 885 


138, 0431 




Under 21 years 


987 
6,297 


1,003 

7,742 


726 
6, 238 


1,052 
9, 785 


1,206 
8,927 


3,787 
14, 810 


7,839 
17,635 


8,771 
13, 329 


9, 21 c! 
10, (i4( 


21 to 25 vears 


26 to 30 years. _ 


6,074 


8,570 


8,295 


14, 739 


15, 176 


16, 290 


27,617 


20, 771 


IS, 17f 


31 to 35 years 


4, 886 


5,355 


4, 751 


8,890 


10, 722 


11,569 


28, 080 


21, 943 


23, (iS« 


36 to 40 years 


7, 107 


6, 535 


5. 479 


8,301 


8,956 


8, 831 


19,911 


13, 682 


15. -Ax: 




9, 164 


S, 1 1 1 


(!' ti'lM 


9, 190 
9, 790 


9,426 
9,681 


9, 895 
10, 584 


20, 464 
19, 693 


14,219 
12, 719 


14, I.3-; 
12, 355 




9, 198 




7, 822 
6, 441 


5' 77^ 


[ 170 


9, 090 
7, 337 


8,977 

7, 792 


12, 650 
10, 821 


20, 369 
17, 933 


12, 576 
9, 540 


10, '.'01 
9, 30{ 


56 to 60 years ... 




4,473 


4, 298 


3, 269 


5, 318 


5,658 


8,816 


13, 913 


8,246 


7, 071 




2,551 


2,289 


1,884 


3,077 


3,306 


5, 606 


9, 199 


5,011 


1. 10) 


71 to 75 years, . __ 


1,084 


926 


823 


1,374 


1,468 


2, 707 


4, 103 


2,312 


1, 84e 




510 


535 


395 


712 


756 


1,465 


2,770 


1,420 
1,346 


1, 13{ 
91 




















Male - 


27, 865 


25, 745 


18,711 


28, 597 


34, 657 


54, 477 


95, 850 


64, 962 


60, 28? 




Under 21 years 


433 


371 


282 


405 


496 


2,343 


4,252 


4, 737 


4. i;7i ' 


21 to 25 years , 


1, 239 


1, 732 


1,019 


1,890 


2, 804 


10, 133 


9,540 


5,999 


3. .". 1 • 


26 to 30 years 


1,705 
1,925 


2,375 
2, 026 


1, 835 
1,510 


3, 369 
2,830 


til? 


7,295 
4,622 


10, 779 
12, 509 


6,998 
9, 406 


5. ii; 


31 to 35 years . ... 


1(1, .'. II 


36 to 40 years. .. ._ 


3,257 


2, 825 


2, 003 


3,087 


3,822 


3,908 


9, 752 


6, 589 


7 .'i.'i' 




4,254 
4,271 


3, 574 
3, 615 


2,387 
2,868 


3, 337 
3, 685 


3, 914 
3,890 


4,187 
4, 294 


10, 206 
8, 913 


7, 123 
5,953 


7 ' ■' 




ii, ii|< 




3,488 
2,971 


2, 870 
2,471 


2, 192 
1,779 


3, 167 
2,600 


3, 373 
2,901 


5, 129 
3,997 


8,599 
7, 163 


5,512 
3,972 




56 to 60 years 






2, 186 


2,052 


1,356 


2,036 


2,212 


3,710 


5,916 


3, 502 


2. '.11. , 


66 to 70 years 


1,297 
570 


1,088 
467 


882 
417 


1,253 
614 


1,391 
641 


2,773 
1,390 


4,561 
2,246 


2,540 
1,264 


2, uu;. 


71 to 75 years .. ._ 


94'1' 




269 


279 


181 


324 


329 


696 


1,414 


776 




Not reported 
















591 




















Female 


38, 729 


40, 601 


36, 005 


60, 058 


57, 394 


63, 354 


113, 676 


80, 923 


77, 75 1 


Under 21 years 


554 
5,058 


632 
6,010 


444 
5,219 


647 

7, 895 


710 
6, 123 


1,444 

4, 677 


3,587 
8, 095 


4,034 
7,330 


4, .■)-!' I 
7, i:;: 


21 to 25 years 


26 to 30 years 


4,369 


6, 195 


6,460 


11,370 


10, 419 


8,995 


16, 838 


13, 773 


12, :i 


31 to 35 years. __ _ 


2,961 


3,329 


3,241 


6,060 


6,595 


6,947 


15,571 


12, 537 


13. II 


36 to 40 years. .. _. .._ 


3, 850 


3, 710 


3,476 


5,214 


5, 134 


4, 923 


10, 159 


7, 093 


7, s2: 


41 to 45 years 


4, 910 
4,927 


4,570 
4, 624 


3,740 
3, 831 


5, 853 

6, 105 


5,512 
5, 791 


5,708 
6, 290 


10, 258 
10, 780 


7,096 
6, 766 


(i, ss. 


46 to 50 years 


51 to 55 years 


4,334 


4,067 


3, 362 


5,923 


5,604 


7.521 


11,770 


7,064 


(i (I'.i 




3,470 

2,287 


3,302 
2,246 


2,697 
1, 913 


4,737 
3,282 


4,891 
3, 446 


6,824 
5, 106 


10, 770 

7, 997 


5,568 
4,744 


5, Id' 
4, 10 


61 to 65 years 




1,254 
514 


1,201 
459 


1,002 
406 


1,824 
760 


1,915 

827 


2, 833 
1,317 


4, 638 
1,857 


2,471 
1,048 




71 to 75 years ._ 




241 


256 


214 


388 


427 


769 


1, 356 


644 
755 


52!, 


Not repoVted 




















- 








74 















-PERSONS NATURALIZED, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES OF RESIDENCE: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953-1957 



1 State and territory of residence 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1 Total 


92,051 


117,831 


209, 526 


145, 885 


138, 043 








197 
537 
94 
12, 728 
492 

2,941 
102 
497 

1,757 
374 
147 

4, 236 
848 
379 
348 
235 
582 
802 
975 

5,768 

4,848 
829 
118 
551 
194 
232 
124 
554 

4, 143 

215 

29, 780 

292 

148 

2,611 
208 
431 

4,461 
699 
147 

282 
1,641 
207 
301 
770 
1, 724 
197 
883 
56 

206 
760 
108 
67 
137 


299 

793 

124 

15, 533 

1, 170 
3,446 

201 
884 

2, 844 
407 
274 

6, 395 
1,016 

511 

334 

461 

498 

1,093 

2,016 

8,054 

7, 368 
959 
189 
643 
416 
416 
175 
650 

5,436 

229 

31, 118 

787 

231 

2,972 
268 
842 

4, 657 
958 
170 
216 
202 

2, 452 
612 
419 
827 

3,000 
268 
981 
120 

360 

3, 143 
163 
150 

81 


574 

621 

176 

36, 358 

1,086 

6,294 

334 

1,152 

3,028 

696 

291 

10, 394 
1,930 

527 
714 
505 
713 
692 
2, 260 

11, 692 
9, 146 

'l98 

1,831 

348 

521 

255 

722 

14, 164 

353 

61, 677 

661 

286 

7,156 

281 

1,527 

8,767 

1,467 

262 

191 

448 

5,075 

973 

542 

1, 133 
2,855 

493 

2, 182 

66 

370 
2, 741 
168 
104 
415 


379 

420 

192 

21, 194 

1,301 

3,338 

218 

1,013 

2,548 

858 

192 

11, 205 

1,653 

971 

738 

979 

462 

524 

2,002 

6,293 

6,750 

1, 935 

173 

1,303 

310 

917 

150 

489 

9,014 

445 

37, 612 

681 

158 

5,306 

521 

1,044 

5,843 

844 

256 

285 

473 

4,782 

671 

242 

1,303 

2,370 

322 

2,075 

234 

445 
1,865 
171 
49 
367 


284 




822 


Mkiiisas 


142 




18, 991 




1, 384 


niini'cticut 


3, 620 




305 




1,017 


'l.iihin 


2,345 




582 




194 


llin.ij^ 


10, 010 


iiilriiKi 


2, 164 




878 




522 


\.iinickv 


634 




514 




479 


.I:.r\land 


1, 832 


.1 ,-- lohusetts 


5,889 


• Iicliinan 


6,778 
1,944 


.Ii"i--ippi 


113 




1, 116 


Jiiiiiana - -- 


322 


s.l.raska 

^rXM.la 


711 
264 




391 


\i\\ lrl~i>\ 


10, 055 


\rN^ \|..\,r,, 


307 
35, 432 


\urlli Cainliria ._ 

\iirili Dak.ila 


452 
353 




6, 630 




359 




894 


'.ini-ylvania 


6, 147 
720 




242 




223 




327 




3,835 


'tall 


509 


i-i iiiont 


281 




1, 313 

2, 082 




205 




1,286 
131 


'erritories and other: 


''88 




1,287 




140 


Virgin Inlands 


83 


AUotlier 


215 











00 


C-. 


i(N 


, -H 








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IMCO 


IOCS ri 




1^ -J 


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CO 1 CO — 


1 ICO ifN 










CO 




















I is 
























^ ° 
























-^ 






















S2 





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«c=c.ooo-jj^gggo«^,«gtjgtg^g;2 S^^S^'SSSS 












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^ 


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--.- -h" co' --<---<- 1 


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t-oco^i>ooiraoo-HTtHooooc-.co — ooooco=:cr. t-!Nco=3 — coco 








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OQO c: CO ■* r- ?q to CO 2 CO ;:^ IN -^ 1- cc t-. GC -# CO ci c^ c^ -h co co == 1 






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t- 


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t--HOO'NOO-HCO CO—rH llMCOCO 










CO -iN 























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2 


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tH 


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^ CO Oi • 


— — CO 






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1 


1 


CO 


UT 


CO(N IcO 


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^JJP^^^J.^^ 


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-1 '^N(M II 




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of ' w- -- ^-t--^-^-co-oo-.*-cf-H--4-Qo-"' -r CO- Zr t,-^-^- 


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i 




















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I 

< 


2 




■pl 
111 


1 


^ 


^ r 






Sweden 

Switzerland.... 
United Kingdoi 

England 

Northern Ire 
Scotland.... 

Wales 

U. S. S. R 

Yugoslavia... 
Other Europe.. 









H 

































76 



C5-hC>1 oococ 



o Tf in c^ to 



cot^ oo 



■J3 rt IC -^ CO O -:i< I 



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< 2; M<-< O 



Table 46.— PERSONS NATURALIZED, BY SPECIFIED COUNTRIES OF FORMER ALLEGIANCE AND BY RURAL 
AND URBAN AREA AND CITY: YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1957 

(Rural— Population of less than 2,500. Urban— Population ot 2,500 to 99,999. Cities— Population of 100,000 or over] 



Clas.s of place and citv 



Country of former allegiance 



British Canada Germany Italy Poland U.S.S.R. Other 

Empire 



City total _ 



Phoenix, Ariz 

Long Beach, Califs.. 
Los Angeles, Calif- - . 

Oakland, Calif 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif. 

Denver, Colo 

Bridgeport, Conn 

Hartford, Conn 

New Haven, Conn_- 
Washington, D. C__ 

Miami, Fla 

Chicago, 111 

Gary, Ind 

New Orleans, La 

Baltimore, Md 

Boston, Mass 
Cambrit 
Fall Ri\ 
New 1'..^ 
Sprinufi^ 
Worcr^i 



Mass. 



Mi 



I'.iillain, N. '»\_- 
X.w 'i ,,ik, .\. Y_ 

licM-hohT, \. Y. 

Syracus,., X. Y.. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cleveland, Ohio, 

Portland, Ore 

Philadelphia, Pa_ 



U. I^ 



San Antonio, Te.\ 
Seattle, Wash.__ 
Milwaukee, Wis_ 
Other cities 



U. S. territories and 
Another 



13,210 



10, 891 



7,445 



B, 582 



42,541 



1,960 



1, 132 
4,572 

7, 290 



1, 148 
4,866 
4,747 



3,026 
68 
42 
29 
58 
46 
184 
71 
12 
15 
34 
35 
52 
59 



1,819 
6,419 
8, 795 



441 
2, 772 



715 
3, 534 
12, 265 



252 
79 
64 

122 
33 
79 
48 
89 
2, 462 

101 
45 

151 

219 
52 

221 
94 
22 
94 
60 
70 
67 

420 
1,521 



83 
36 
1,685 
51 
8 
165 
72 



192 
4,732 



78 



.— PERSOINS NATURALIZED, BY' GENERAL AND SPECIAL NATURALIZATION PROVISIONS: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1953-1957 



Naturalization provisions 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Total , 


92, 051 


117,831 


209, 526 


145, 885 










46, 793 
45, 258 


86, 166 
31, 665 


173, 954 
35, 572 


117,161 

2,S, 724 












Persons married to U. S. citizens 


42, 088 

698 
1.50 

429 
192 

1,383 


15,977 

1, 208 
120 

74 
61 

627 

10, 076 

2,981 
476 

3 

43 

4 


20, 460 

2, 600 
146 

36 

981 

8, 402 

2, .539 
205 

15 

28 
8 

42 
7 

1 

62 
3 

10 
4 

1 


18, 224 

2. 865 
123 

11 
75 

575 

4,318 

2,236 

31 
10 
2 

24 
16 


18 212 


Children, including adopted children, of U. S. citizen par- 
ents 

Former V. S. oitizens who lost citizenship by marriage 

Philippinr riti/iii,< who entered the United States prior to 
M:i\ 1, l',i:il. and have resided continuously in the 


3,779 
211 


Pers.Mi- «h., -. IN.',! in V. S. arn„.l fore.-s f,,r 3 vears 

PerMMi- ulH. ...A. Ml M, r. S. an 1 lun-r. during World 

\\,-,i 1 or WoiM W:,, IP 


229 


Person^ -rr\inu in V. S. arnu'd fmi-cs afl.r .hiw 24, 1950 




Persons serving in U. S. armed forces after June 24, 1950 






Persons who served on pertain T'. S. vessels 
Former U. S. riti/.-n~ win. |.i-l cit i/cn-.|ii|, l>\- mi.Tin^ i In- 
armed fore. ■- of rorrio,, roil, line- diiiiiit; \\oil.l W :n 11 K 
Dual natioiKiN r\|,:,t ikiI,.! il,r,,ii-li mlnihi; ,,r -riMiiu in 
armed force- of lor,M",i -lates^ 


110 

1 

123 

9 


71 
32 


Former 1 S. eiii/en- e\p.itriated throujih expatriation of 




Person- » lio lo-i eiiizen-hip through cancellation of par- 




Person- ini-iiifoinied prior to July 1, 1920, regarding citi- 


7 

14 

51 
2 

1 




Noiiciii/eii niiiives of Puerto Rico— declaration of alle- 






Persons who entered the United States while under 16 
vears of age 


11 


15 


31 






Alien veterans of World W.ir 1 or veterans of allied coun- 




9 
3 

1 




Nationals but not oiti/.en- ..f ilie United States 


2 
1 


15 


Persons naturalized under jjrivate law 













■In 1957 includes persons naturalized under Act of June 30. 1950 (Lodge 

ct). 

' Act of June 30, 1953 (P. L. S6). 



323, ^Nationality Act of 1940, and therefore were not includ 
table. 
» Naturalizations under Xationality Act of 1940. 



79 



Table 48.— PROSECUTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 



Total 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 
1948-57 



Total proseciiti 
Disposed of.. 



Convictions. 
Acquittals.. 
Dismissals '. 



Pending end of year. 



Prosecutions for immigration 
lations : 



Disposed of. 



Convictions. 
Acquittals.. 
Dismissals '. 



Pending end of year. 



Prosecutions for nationality viola- 
tions : 



Disposed of. 



Convictions. 
Acquittals... 



Pending end of year. 



Aggregate 
Fines... 



; and imprisonment: 
dollars. 



Immigration violations. 
Nationality violations.. 



Imprisonment. 



Immigration violations. 
Nationality violations.. 



5,000 



3, 187 



10, 981 4, 021 



103, 441 

269 
4,290 



10,315 
25 
312 



10, 622 
24 
235 



15, 834 
24 
329 



12, 272 
27 
563 



15, 571 
35 
654 



1,461 



99, 777 

229 

3, 741 



10, 036 
25 
250 



10, 324 
18 
189 



.5, 476 
23 
302 



13, 314 

15 

550 



15, 101 
33 
602 



9,872 
34 
519 



3,664 
40 
549 



75, 510 



3, 158 



689, 625 
35, 328 



'1,610 
3,900 



83, 908 
4,250 



i8, 694 
2, 775 



93,2 
3,400 



24, 427 
1, '" 



1,846 
82 



1,973 
82 



1,841 
120 



3,583 
133 



3,227 
57 



2,748 
158 



3, 126 
319 



358 
512 



246 2, 327 

161 24 
299' 30( 



37, 072 
8,900 



' Dismissed, discontinued, dropped, or transferred. 





Table 49.— WRITS OF HABEAS CORPUS IN EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATION CASES: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 






Action taken 
'otal -n'rits of habeas corpus: 


Total 
1948-57 


1948 


1949 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 




3,212 


306 


511 


347 


394 


386 


359 


391 


253 


160 


105 




Sustained 






263 

2,129 

820 


29 
175 
102 


397 
105 


25 
169 
153 


56 
260 

78 


30 
253 
103 


102 


20 
289 

82 


22 
176 
55 


19 
106 
35 


9 






91 






5 




Pending end of year 






47 


160 


144 


118 


47 


60 


120 


115 


90 


62 


47 




Involvins exclusion: 
Disposed of 






481 


48 


59 


96 


57 


67 


38 


23 


52 


33 


8 




Sustained 






58 
272 
151 


3 
26 
19 


6 
38 
15 


8 
48 
40 


3 

27 

27 


16 
32 
19 


7 
21 
10 


3 

17 
3 


4 
38 
10 


7 
18 
8 


1 
7 




Withdrawn 






Pending end of year 






10 


12 


16 


21 


13 


8 


11 


17 


18 


8 


10 




Inyolying deportation: 






2,731 


258 


452 


251 


337 


319 


321 


368 


201 


127 


97 




Sustained 

Dismissed __. 

Withdrawn 

Pending end of year 






205 

1,857 
669 


26 
149 
83 


3 

359 
90 


17 
121 
113 


53 
233 
51 


14 
221 

84 


37 
192 
92 


17 
272 
79 


18 
138 
45 


27 
54 


8 
84 




37 


148 


128 


97 


34 


52 


109 


98 


72 


37 




Table 49 A.— CONVICTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY VIOLATIONS: 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1948-1957 




Violation 


Total 
1948-57 


1948 


1949 


1950 


1951 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 




Total 


103, 441 


8,518 


10, 315 


10, 622 


15, 834 


13, 809 


12, 272 


15, 571 


10, 359 


3,624 


2,517 




nmigration yiolations 






99, 777 


8,306 


10, 036 


10,324 


15, 476 


13,314 


11,775 


15, 101 


9,872 


3,246 


2, 327 




Illegal entries 

Eeentries of deported aliens 

Bringing in or harboring certain 






67, 672 
24, 677 

3,443 

425 

1,162 

440 

219 
103 
73 

64 
1. 499 


3,527 
4, 145 

216 

24 
2 


5, 108 
4,416 

236 
29 
25 

2 


6, 766 
2,955 

244 
33 
65 

1 


12, 735 
2,083 

367 
37 
118 

34 


10, 560 
2,063 

313 
48 
104 

63 


8,576 
2,078 

630 
92 
136 

75 

9 
29 
14 

"'"136 


11,152 
2,782 

623 
30 
156 

134 

35 
23 

7 
152 


6,966 
1,985 

415 
40 
240 

84 

52 
5 
14 

1 
70 


1,676 
961 

216 
41 
192 

24 

32 
10 

3 

86 


606 
1,209 

183 




Fraudulent or false documents 

Other fraud or false statements 

Alien registration or alien address 
yiolations 


39 
102 

21 




Alien crewmen who remained 
longer 


91 




Stowaways on yessels or aircraft.,. 
Perjury 






3 

4 

6 
247 


4 

8 

12 

78 


15 

4 
137 






4 

10 
342 


2 

9 
209 






Importation of aliens for immoral 


12 




All other violations 


42 




3,664 


212 


279 


298 


358 


495 


497 


470 


487 


378 


190 




False representation as citizen of 
the United States 






3,491 


188 
24 


248 
31 


278 
20 


335 
23 


479 
16 


482 
15 


459 
11 


473 
14 


368 
10 


181 




Otlier fraud or false statements 

vumber of smuggled aliens inyolyed. 


9 




16, 171 


833 


962 


990 


1, 177 


2, 160 


3,209 


3,968 


1,326 


890 


656 










81 










^ 









Table 50.~PRIVATE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY BILLS INTRODUCED AND LAWS ENACTED, 7 Vi 
CONGRESS-85TH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION 




Congress 


Bills 
introduced 


Laws 
enacted 


Congress 


Bills 
introduced 


Laws 
enacted 


' 




3,428 
4,474 
4, 797 
3, 669 
2,811 
1, 141 


485 
1,227 
755 
729 
505 
121 


7 


9th . . 




429 
163 
430 
601 
293 




a 


84th 


8th 

7th 




j 


83d 


1 


82d 


6th 




d 


81st 


5th 






80th 














Table 51.— PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION DENIED, BY REASON: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1932-195 


^ 


Reason for denial 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 






2, 163 


1, 122 


2,084 


4,571 


3,935 


2,9 


Sid 






Lack of knowledge and understanding of t 
ciples, and form of government of the LTni 

Petitioner has failed to establish good moral 

Petitioner has failed to establish tliat he is ai 
of tlic I'liil.d Slutc-^ eligible f(,r iKitiirali/a 

Lack (if ;illaclinirnt Id llic priiicipl.- df (he ( 

Petitidii. t' cm spciik (read,' Wfitci llic 


he history, prin- 
ted States 


105 
90 

25 

21 

6 

8 

1 

26 

15 

6 

9 


16 
49 

8 

14 

1 
2 
2 
15 

5 
2 


32 

83 

13 

14 

30 
2 
6 
6 

16 
19 


175 
106 

19 

68 

11 

10 

16 
6 

2, 010 

1, 665 

385 

56 


218 
163 

26 

8 

66 

17 
37 

13 

30 

34 

2 

1, 619 

1, 3(i3 

255 


1 

1. J 
l.t 


»i 


character 

alien or national 


: 


insiiiutionof the 


tti 


;imli>li language, 


- 


Petitidii iidi Hmiril ill petition 

Petiti r i- tiiial.lr to take oa 

Petitidii! r iidl resident within 


er's own hand 
th of alldi'iaiii 


M-iiiim 




i.irisdiptidii df 


Cdlll-t 




Petitioner failed to establish continuous residence in United 
States and/or State 




Petitioner failed to establish lawful adm 
States for jK^rmaiicnt n'sideiire_ 

PetitioiMT applied f.ii- .■ii.d ua- rrlicvcii ((ir 
mililaiv llallilla; (ir -ri'Mcc he, -111-,- ,,l all.- 

Petitidii mil -iippdrieil li\ -iliHl''" d - "I' .1 


ssion to United 




di^cliarsed) from 




WitiK— e- 

Petitidli uilli.li-avMi hv pclilid 

Lack (if pni-cc.iiidii 
Petitioner deceased 


al leslin.uny 


or depositions of 


4 
747 
884 
173 
43 


2 

503 

400 

89 

13 


2 

897 
674 
255 
28 


- 


"''■ 


^ 






Other reasons 






111 






82 
















i'i 
to 

I 
I 

IS 



M=i 1 .2.— CERTIFICATES OF NATURALIZATION REVOKED, BY GROUNDS 

11 


: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 


19.52-1957 


Grounds 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Tot al nuiulx.i- 


279 


^^Fi 


165 


197 


288 






■tablished pernuiiictit residence abroad within 
5 years after naturalization 








275 


S97 


150 
5 
10 


177 
12 


276 

4 
8 




260 


bversive 


6 
2 






4 


6 




Table 53.^PERS0NS EXPATRIATED, BY GROUNDS: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1952-1957 


Grounds 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Total niiiiibcr 


3, 265 


8, 350 


6,938 


4,202 


4,987 


5,564 








1, 186 
711 
622 
370 
136 
123 

59 
56 
2 


2,651 

2,657 

1,677 

700 

398 

152 

45 
67 
3 


2,222 

1,557 

1,544 

696 

425 

220 

134 

134 

6 


1, 237 
1, 063 
841 
269 
331 
233 

139 

84 
5 


1, 436 
1, 776 
829 
356 
167 
237 

69 

112 
5 






2, 223 
616 


1 II,... ij,... i II 11 -1 r 1 1 M 1 If 










kiiiK ^111 c.ath ..r ;,ll.-iaMcr in :, fon-iun -t:,lr__ 
■IK.rtiiiK from or iviii:,inni- au;,y lr..ii, 1 1,.- U. 

x'epting or performing duties under a foreign st 
her grounds 


S. to avoid 


248 
61 




82 


Table 54.— PERSONS REPATRIATED: YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1952-1957 


Class 


1952 


1953 


1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


Total number 


1,406 


2,299 


2, 885 


851 


798 


758 


rsoiis who lost citizenship by serving in the armed forces of 
:\\\\r> of thr fnited States, and who were repatriated under 
-r :;2:;, X.-iiinnaliiv Act of 1940 




147 
778 

160 


270 

486 

172 
34 

1, 337 


42 
240 

12 
.331 

2,260 








^ii\- l"ii 1 wuiii.ii wlio lost citizenship through marriage to 
■ilh II- ,111(1 x\l]o \\,-fr repatriated under the Act of June 25, 

itivc-borrj women who lost citizenship through marriage to 
aliens and whose marriages terminated: 

Repatriated under sec. 317 (b) of the Nationality Act of 
1940 


416 


552 


549 


ReinHiii.t.il niMlri- -.(• :i24 (c) of the Immigration and 

X.-nioniiliu \ri 


259 


121 


109 


rsons «1„, In-i .■iii/.ii-lii|, ihn)ugh voting in a r 
tion iir |.l,lii-rii,. Ill hah ami wrrc rcp^itriated 
// ; (if Aiiu, iii, I'l:, 1 


olitical elec- 
under P. L. 


316 




g in political 
ct of July 20, 


175 


123 

2 




■ivate law . 


5 

























-CERTIFICATES OF DERIVATIVE CITIZENSHIP GRANTED, BY COUNTRY OR REGION OF BIKTH 
YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1954-1957 



Country or region of birth 



All countries. 



Europe. 



Austria- 



Bulgaria 

Czechoslovakia- 
Denmark 

Estonia 

Finland 

France 

Germany 

Greece 

Hungary 

Ireland 

Italy 

Latvia 

Lithuania 

Netherlands 

Norwav 

Poland 

Portugal 

Rumania 



United Kingdom: 

England 

Northern Ireland. 

Scotland 

Wales. 



S. R- 



U. 

Yugosla^a 

Other Europe. 



China 

India 

Japan 

Palestine — 
Philippines. 
Other Asia. 



North America. 



Canada 

Mexico 

West Indies 

Central America 

Other North America. 



South America 

Africa 

Australia and New Zealand. 
Other countries 



1,672 
132 

23 



206 

1,556 

203 

310 

206 

2,303 

86 

120 

318 

241 

1,000 

97 

199 

65 

222 



5,541 



3,065 



2,358 

377 

254 

62 

14 



785 
192 
10 
504 
177 
95 
100 
278 

3,565 
209 
460 
221 

2,477 
282 
293 
391 
293 

1,474 
119 
269 
76 
286 
136 

1,002 

74 
474 



49 
86 
317 

2,743 



2,116 
281 
273 



84